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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 2, 1920

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Lumber Mill Workers WiU Have Shorter Hours May
1—Men Strike to Enforce Regulations Provided
in Workmen's Compensation Act—Lumber
Workers Headquarters and Districts Split
NOT only are the pulp and paper plants demanding the eight-
hour day with thc $6 minimum, hut the lumber mill workers
are also on the warpath, demands along these lines having been
submitted to the operators. The only difference is that whilst
the pulp and paper men require the new schedule to operate
from April 1, the sawmill scale does not come into effect until
May 1. It is not known yet whether it will be necessary for the
, men to walk out, as the employers have expressed their willingness to discuss the demands, and should the negotiations he carried over the date fixed for the new conditions to operate from
this will not be allowed to affect the men adversely, as the agreement will have to be made retroactive from the first of the
month. It is satisfactory to note that the great point the men
are solid upon is the eight-hour day. All plants are now sdlidly
organized, and, in addition, have the strength of solid union
camps behind them.
Murphy & Hansen's camp, Homfray Channel, is on strike.
The men demand (1) that the company provide suitable means
of transportation in case of accident; (2) the wages be paid by
bank cheque monthly; (3) that thc men walk one way in company's time and one in their own
It is interesting to note the
causes of the strike, the first demand is simply that the requirements of the Workmen's Compensation Act regulations bo lived up
to. Was the attorney general and
so-called minister of Labor Farris
attending to the duties cf his offlce
ho would see that the "Semimonthly Pay Aet" -was properly
enforced. But purahps the fact
that his family has flnanclal Interests In the lurnicr industry pre.
vents him from being t.ut efficient
In s-jcing the lawj tor tho protection of the workers enforced. The
third demand is simply for the
same condition as already operates in many camps—somo having
tlio rtrict S-hour, camp to camp.
Word has not yet been received
from Rock Bay concerning thc outcome of their combined meeting
on Monday last.
Health Inspector Pays a Visit
The Provincial Health Inspectors
visit to the camps of the Adams
River Lumber Co. at Chase, was
greatly appreciated—by the men
•—not the company.    Despite the
indignation and objection of the
management, thoy have to comply
with the regulations within thirty
days or take the consequences.
The unfortunate thing is that the
consequences, however severe, are
infinitesimal compared with the
consequences which the men have
had to suffer for years. It's long
past the time when such firms as
these should be made to toe the
line or get out and engage in activities where the adverse effect of
their actions falls upon their own
Referendum Carried
The referondum having carried
In favor of separating the general
hadquarters from all districts, this
has the effect of creating a coast
district, therefore all communications dealing with affairs of that
district should be addressed to the
district secretary. Those relating
to. general organisation matters,
camp reports or communications
for The Federationist, should be
sent addressed as in the past. The
coast district consists of those men
(Continued on page 4)
General Workers 0. B. IL
Discuss Assessment—
To Subscribe to Fed
The regular meeting of thc General Workers' unit of the O. B. U.
on Thursday night was a busy onc,
and considerable business wus
transacted, amongst which was a
discussion of ways and means for
raising funds for the defense of
the men who were arrested as a
result of the Winnipeg strike. Dur*
Ing the discussion it waa pointed
out that it would take a considerable amount of money to care for
the families of the-men already
in the penitentiary, and those of
thc men now wa'Ung sentence. It
was decided that the next regular
meeting be a specially summoned
meeting for the purpose of assessing the members for this purpose.
The question of subscribing In a
body for the Federatlonist was also
introduced, it having been left over
from a previous meeting. It was
Anally decided to subscribe In a
body. This means that another
600 or more names will be added
to the Federationist subscription
The organisation committee
made a report and lt was accept,
id. The report recommended the
holding ot meetings in various
parts of tho city, and tho distribution of literature. The Building
Trades organisation committee reported and stated that lt was the
Intention to hold an organization
moeting for building laborers in
the near future. It i« intended that
weekly organization meetings for
all kind.-, of workers will be held
tn different parts of the city, and
speakers for the different meetings have been arranged for. Live
committees have the arrangements
fn hand and while the organization Is making good at present,' It
ts expected that greater progress
wilt he. made in the coining
Soviets Doing More For
All Humanity Than
Any Other Regime
London, England—George Lansbury, editor of London Daily Herald, was given a public welcome at
the Albert Hall, to mark his return from a tour of Russia. In
the course of his speech, he an-
nounced'that the recent rising in
Berlin wns definitely engineered by
the pro-Germans in England and
France for the purpose of restoring Kaiserism in Germany and
Czardom in Russia.
Relating his Russian experiences
he expressed his pride at having
"shaken hands with murder," if
the state of Russia answered that
description. The people who came
back from Russia with stories of
horrible atrocities, he considered,
were simply lying. He wus convinced that somo atrocities had been
committed, but the Central government had done more to put down
murder than any other government in a similar position could or
would have done,
Mr. Lansbury then gave an account of his meeting with Nipolal
Lenin. "Vou believe," said the
Bolshevist leader, "you are able to
bring about ln England peaceful
revolution, I don't believe that;
but if you can, nobody will be more
pleased than we In Russia. Bloodshed is a bad business, anyhow."
$2.00 PER YEAR
Having Fought for Freedom They Do Their Bit
for Pritchard
Veterans' Secretary Gives
His Views on Winnipeg Trials
That the indignation at the outcome of the Winnipeg trials is not
confined to tho labor organizations,
Ib evidenced by the following letter from the secretary of the Campaigners of the Great World War,
which accompanied the sum of
$83.75 contributed by the members
of that organization to the defense
Campaigners' Club,
March 31st, 1020.    j
The recent Winnipeg "star eham-!
ber" decision in the case of the
Crown versus W. A. Prltchard, has
come as a suddon shock to many
of us. Personally, I am a most ardent imperialist. I am not- a Socialist. I do not hold similar convictions with Pritchard, insofar as the
adjustment of society is concerned.
But the one fact remains, that I am
British, born and bred, and the la-
mentable spectacle presented in the
Winnipeg trials whero Prltchard
hns lately beon convicted, after the
most amazing address to a jury
that has ever yet been perpetrated
in a British court of justice, by a
presiding officer, has aroused me-to
the realization that we no longer
can boost to the "win the wars"
across the line, of British freedom,
British fair play and Erltlsh justice.
Here is a man in Winnipeg—accused of what? We all know him
here. We know that conspiring
against the state wus the last thing
he would think of. He was professedly a Socialist. Is that a
crime? Is Bowser a criminal because he Is a Conservative, or Farris because he is a Liberal?
The Campaigners of the Great
World Wai1 supported the strikers
during the strike. They did so because they laid their sympathy that
way. Today they are subscribing to
appeal the caae of W. A. Prltchard
to the highest court, in the only
country (God bless it) where the
rudiments of justice are known.
Some of these Metcalfes will be
asking us one of these days to pick
up a rifle again to defend them. No
doubt we will do it, but—	
I am forwarding herewith $83.75,
the amount collected from Campaigners, towards appealing Pritchard's case.
Yours sincerely,
Secretary (protem).
Soldier Members' 8-Hour
Bill Given Six Months'
Who squared his conscience with his intellect
Found guilty on evidence gathered from thc ash barrels of the Dominion,
His brilliant address to the Jury was'the feature of the Winnipeg trials
Get   behind   The  Federationist
F hum rial Nows Says Holland Knew
That It Did Not Havo to   .
Hand Him Over
You would not believe us, Mr.
Dubb, but surely, surely the Financial News is above suspicion?
Get your shopmates gathered
round and read this out to them,
then always remember It is from
tho Financial News:
"Since 'Box and Cox' thore has
been nothing so funny as tho
farcical application for the surrender of the Kaiser. Does the
public realize that it was arranged before the Armistice that
Holland should decline to give
him up! There is not, and had
never been, the slightest intention of bringing the Kaiser to
trial, just as there Is not, and
has never been, any real Idea of
exacting on Indemnity from
But It was good electioneering
tuff wtth wwhich to bait traps for
,,-iugst—Glasgow Forward.
Patronize Federationist advertis-
Debute on the "Confiscation and
Inheritance* Act" Is On
for April t
Next Friday evening being the
regular monthly educational meeting night for the Junior Labor
League, thc sessions of the mock
parliament will be continued on
that night at room 510, Dominion
building. The bill to be discussed
next Is the "Confiscation of Inheritances Act," and both government
and opposition members expect
lively debate. The league invites
all young people to attend this
It is hoped that various other
young people's organizations ln
the province, and some outside the
province, will be able to work to
gether to form a Young Labor
League for Canada, and with this
ln view similar bodies at Prince
Rupert, Winnipeg and Brandon
are being approached. A secretary has been appointed to further the formation and organization of Young Labor Leagues outside of Vancouver, and any young
people wanting information regarding thc league should write to
029 Eleventh avenue cast, Vancouver, B, C.
Madrid, Spain—At least 600 Socialist councillors were elected in
the recent municipal elections. Ia
Madrid the Sociulist Party polled
14,000 votes and '.he Republican*
Sf-00. Seven Socialist councillors
were elected in Madrid.
Want Exhibits of Charges That Led
to Desire of Government to
Deport Them
Eleven Russians arrested seven
months ago as undesirable aliens
who have been held In Vancouver
by the Immigration authorities for
deportation have petitioned the authorities lor immediate deportation
to Russia. In their petitionsthey
suggested that they be supplied
with passports giving the date concerning their arrest, crimes, trial
proceedings and sentences.- ThW
document would no doubt be prized
by them na an exhibit of the democratic and statesmanship methods
of a country that Is part of that
once glorious British Empire.
Los Angeles, Cal.—William E.
Mann, tho "star anti-red sleuth"
of this city, has been arrested on
the charge of concealing the loot of
two burglars. One of the burglars is Mann's brother. At-Everett, Wash., two policemen who
have been active In hunting down
radicals  have  bcen  arrested   for
HiomoolvM rnmn.tttJno- militaries.
"When the Workers Are
the Rulers" to Be
His Subject
Comrade W. J. Curry will be tho
speaker at tho Federated Labor
Party meeting in the Royal Theatre next Sunday evening. He will
take as his subject*, "When the
Workers Are tho Rulers." There
was a time when what would happen when the worker ruled was
as much surmise as was what thn
noxt capitalist government would
do when it gained power and possibly in those days there was some
justification for thc old cry,
"They'll just be as bad as the
others." Now, however, there arc
some real workers' governments to
point to in support of Labor's
claim that It can rulo. Dr. Curry's
address comes just at a time when
muclj Is being said on the subject,
and people arc wanting to know.
The doors open nt 7:30 p.m. Meeting commences at 8,
- The subject under discussion in
the classes ut the Labor school
next Sunday will be "A eomparl
son of values of various subjects of
study." Thc school meets every
Sunday afternoon at 2:30 in the
O'Brien Hall.
The regular monthly general
meeting of Vancouver branch of
thc F. L. P. will be held next Tues.
day, at 8 p.m, ln the offices at 510
Dominion building.
A meeting of the provincial com.
mittee wll) be held in the same
offices on Saturday (tomorrow)
evening nt 7 o'clock.
The ward committee will hold
its postponed meeting next Monday at . p.m., at 520 Broadway
East. Members resident in Ward
V, who are Interested In the work
of this committee invited.
Tickets for the danco under the
auspices of the F. L, P. to be held
In Cotillion Hall on Friday, April
lfi, are 25c for ladies and 50c for
gentlemen. They can be obtained
at tho party offices, 510 Dominion
building, and at The Fed eratlon 1st
Defense  Fund  Will Be
Augmented from the
The dofense whist drive and
dance held on Thursday, March 25,
in tho Diminion hall, under the
auspices of the Women's Auxiliary
of the O. B. U. and the defenso
committee was a decided success
from every viewpoint. A splendid
evening's entertainment was pro-,
vlded for all present, and the refreshments which were donated by
the womenfolk were in every way
satisfactory. The music was good,
and when the home waltz was announced, the dancers were only too
sorry that it was over. The committee in charge of thc refreshments had a strenuous evening, catering for the large number of people present, but their efforts will
be rewarded when the proceeds,
after paying all expenses, are handed over to the dofense committee,
for the purpose of caring for the
families of the men in gaol for their
activities on behalf of the working
class. It is expected that over $300
will bo available for this purpose.
Try again ladies, your first effort
on a large scale, was more than a
Attempted to Ilrlbc Labor Candidate for Alderman to Retire
From Field
Winnipeg. — Nathan Segal was
found guilty on the charges of perjury arising out of a bribery case
during the last civic election,
Adolphe Friedman, also found
guilty on Monday of the same
;The perjury case arose out of
Sepal and Friedman being accused
ini having tried to bribe John Simpson, aldermanlc candidate in tho
last civic election, to retire from tho
fljild. Both men, in answer to the
charge of attempted bribery, de
njed all knowledge of the charge.
Segal owns one of tho largest bak
juries in the city.
Workers Striking for
More Power in Industrial World
The ports of Rotterdam and
itmsterdain are paralyzed by a
gl gan tic.strike. Two hundred vessels: of all nations lie idle at tho
piers of Rotterdam. British seamen are sending funds to support
the. Dutch sailors and Jack work-
era- Throughout Holland the
unions arc collecting a general levy
to sustain the strikers.
'It is not for higher wages, but
for. more power that the men aro
'striking," the American legation
Same Old Political Camouflage is Adopted by the
Attorney General
[By J. L. Martin]
Apparently blind to the passing event? of world-wide industrial unrest, the British Columbia Legislature has failed to
pasB the one solitary piece of legislation, introduced at the present
session, that would in any way be
of benefit to Labor. Notwithstanding the pretensions of a Lib.
eral government, so-called, as to
what it would do for the workers
when ln power, it haa*falled to demonstrate any less Indifference to
the. workers' problems, than its
Tory predecessor. Its promises as
to the benefits it would establish
for the working class, issued prior
to the election, are now forgotten.
When not in power, Honest John
Oliver and his disciples shed great
drops of sweat in condemnation of
their predecessors for not doing
somothing for' Labor. Now, of
course, things have changed; at
tbe time they indulged in such
lamentations before the public,
they were out. Now that they are
In, the smoke screen has vanished,
thus revealing to the workers, just
where the present Liberal (?) government stands. In other words,
it stands just where the government before lt stood—faithfully
performing its executive duty for
the prevailing ruling class.
The Eight-Hour Day Bill, introduced by Major Burde, member
for Alberni, Is now dead and burled. In pronouncing the burial
rites; however, Air. J. W. doB. Farris, attorney genernl, and so-called
minister of Labor, has promised
that it shall be resurrected six
months hence. The bill was mild
in character, and could not in any
way be termed "radical" icglsla.
tion. All It provided for, was tho
establishment of the eight-hour duy
In saw mills, pulp and paper mills,
etc., the sume to go Into effect
May 1st next. One would have
thought that thc more or less general appliance of the 8-hour day,
already throughout the Province,
would have been an argument
sufficiently convincing to prove the
bill to he palatable to the workers. That argument failed to carry
however, with "the friends of Labor" now in session. The only arguments that the government was
prepared to listen to were those of.
fered by the Lumbermen's Association In opposition to the bill.
The employers pleaded poverty, of
course, with great crocodile tears,
and the government's heart was
touched. In order to square Itself,
(Continued oh page 4)
Reserve Case Is Asked for-—A. A. Heaps is Acquitted
—Police Use Batons on Crowd' in Corridors of
Court—Heaps Refuses to Shake Hands With
A. J, Andrews, K.C., Crown Counsel
(By J. Russell)
WINNIPEG, March 31.—A. A. Heaps, acquitted. R. E. Bray,
guilty of common nuisance. R, J. Johns, J. Queen, W. A.
Pritchard, G. Armstrong and W. Ivens guilty on all seven counts,
was the verdict of the jury in the trial of the seven labor men,
returned at 2 p.m., Saturday, March 27.
Sentence was deferred until April 6, pending the hearing of
a reserved ease which was applied for "by R. A. Bonnar immediately the verdict was rendered.
Scenes of disorder marked the receipt of the verdict by the
crowds in the corridors who could not gain admission to thc
court room. Through a mistake it went from mouth to mouth
that the verdict was not guilty, and a wild cheer arose.
Mr. Justice Metcalfe, annoyed by this noise, ordered the corridors tp be cleared, and Deputy Sheriff John Pyniger, assisted
by constables, complied with the order by using their batous
freely* which resulted in onc of the crowd having his head
opened by the blow received when struck by the deputy sheriff.
For a while it looked as if a riot would be the outcome, but
finally the corridors were cleared and everything then became
The accused all accepted the verdict quietly. Heaps showed no elation over his acquittal. When the
flrst verdict of guilty was announced in the case of W. Ivens a
supressed groan arose from the
crowds in the court room. The application for a reserved case for all
those found guilty was applied for
by R, A. Bonnar, same being granted, he also asked for bail pending
the hearing of the appeal, but this
was refused, and after the usual
hand-shakes and good byes the accused were token to the provincial
jail where they will be held until
the appeal case Is heard.
Groat Excitement
The general feeling throughout
the city on Saturday after thc jury
had announced at 11 a.m. that they
were still disagreed waB that the
final verdict would be favorable to
the accused and the excitement
which prevailed until tlie verdict
was announced was intense.
Refused to Shako Hands
Just as soon as Justice Metcalfe
had discharged A. A, Heaps, A. J.
Andrews, senior counsel for the
crown, offered to shake hands with
Heaps, but, much to the satisfaction of those who witnessed the incident, he refused his mock congratulations.
Judge Metcalfe concluded what
the workers felt an extremely adverse charge, at 12:30 a.m., utter
speaking 5',-i hours.
Prior- to his address, A. J. Andrews made a''bitter personal onslaught on the defendant's counsel
and introduced much matter not
discussed by him in his address to
the Jury which preceeded those
made by the defence. It Is customary when counsel replies that it
shall not introduce any new evidence, merely replying to argument
made by the defense. The defense
mnde frequent objection to this action of crown counsel, hut Judge
Metcalfe overruled them. Now thut
the curtain has been rung down, in
what has been known as the most
dramatic event ever staged in the
courts of Manitoba, the decks have
been cleared for action, and everything possible will be done to hasten the appeal to the privy council.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
Appreciate Major Burde
At a special summoned meeting
of the Nelson Unit of the O. B. TJ. Different
held recently, the following resolution was passod:
'Whereaa, the eight-hour day
for all workers is of vital interest
to the working class; and whereas,
Major Burde is the only member
of the Provincial Legislature who
has tried to advance anything in
the intorests of Labor;
"Therefore, be it resolved, That
nil members of thc Nelson Unit of
the O. B. U, give their support to
Major Burde, and thank him for
his endeavor to put the eight-hour
law on the statute books."
New Westminster Concert
The Women's Corporative
Guild of New Westminster will
hold a concert in the Labor Temple of that city on Tuesday evening, April 6. The programme will
consist of music, songs, recitations,
short debate and refreshments.
Admission, 25c.
Vancouver Labor Temple
Company, Limited
(Incorporated Under tlie J*ws of British Columbia)
Phone Sey. 291.
Boom 210, Labor Temple,
Vancouver,  B.  C,
March 26,  1920.
Notleo is hereby given that thfr next ordinary general meeting
of the Labor Temple Company, Limited, will be held at the registered office of the Company in'the Labor Temple Building, corner Homer and Dunsmuir Streofc,,Arnni>riuvcr, B, C, on Tuesday,
the 6th day of April, 1920, at ft o'clock lu the evening, for the
purposes following, namely:
To receive and consider the annual statement or accounts and
balance sheet, and thc reports of the directors and auditors, to
elect directors and such other officers as may be necessary in the
place of those retiring and to transact the other ordinary business
of the company and also to trahsaci the following special business, namely, to consider and If .thought fit lo adopt, together
with any such amendments as .night be proposed and adopted
at the said meeting, the sub-joined resolution, namely:
"That the Vancouver Labor Temple Company at a
genernl meeting held oii.thji; 6th day of April, 1920,
hereby authorizes the Dirfcc$rs of tlie Company to sell
the Labor Temple BuildHijg being the building und premises described as Lots.21,'22 and 23, in Boick 35 in
tho Subdivision of District iJot 541, Group 1, Vancouver
District for the sum of $20000 or more providing that •
the purchaser pays off tb,e mortgages and other claims
against the building; and In order to effect sur). sale
the directors are hereby authorised in the name and ou
behalf of the Company to execute ull necessary deeds
and conveyances ond to do aU acts and things necessary in that behalf."
By order,  -
Will Be Represented at
the Avenue
Acting In concert with the Winnipeg defense committee, the local
corn mittee has ca I led a protest
meeting to be held In the Avenue
Theatre on Friday evening. The
Socialist Party of Canada, the Fed-
crated Labor Party, the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council, the
Street and Electric Railway Employees' Union, ami tho Longshoremen's Association will bc represented. Amongst the different
speakers will bc J. Harrington and
Dr. W. J. Curry. Similar meetings
arc being held on the same date ull
over tlie eountry, und in Winnipeg
there will be quite a number of
these meetings during Friday, when
the workers will give voice to their
protests against the manner In
which the Winnipeg trials were
conducted, and againBt the Imprisonment of the men arrested us a
result of the Winnipeg strike. The
local meeting will commence sharp
at 8 p.m., the doors will be open
at 7:30. As there will be a number
of speakers it will be necessary to
start promptly, and those desiring
seats should be on hand as early
as possible.
Proletarian Rule Is Imminent Says American
Embassy in Paris
Washington—the American embassy in Paris cables a long report
on the growing threat of Communism In France. The imminence of
proletarian rule there, he insists,
is the reason why France cannot
Join openly in the Entente overtures for peace with Bussia. France
Soviet in soul right now. "If
the government shakes hands with
Moscow the popular desiro will
have no further restraint," the
ambassador explains; "the people
will have their way."
Mr. E. G. Hemmerde, It. C formerly Liberal M. P. for N. W. Norfolk, recorder of Liverpool, and the
joint author of a number of plays,
including "A Butterfly on the
Wheel," has Intimated his intention of joining the Labor Party,
Mr. Hemmerde has subscribed to
the Labor Party's constitution, and
his nomination for membership
will be nccepted in due course. Interviewed by a press representative, Mr. Hemmerde stated that he
was convinced that the hope of this
country lay in the Labor Party.
You think the Federationist is
a good paper. It appeals to you.
Did you ever think it would appeal
to the other fellow? If not it Is
time yoti did nud passed your copy
along.   He might subscribe.
Paris—Senator Henry Chcron,
former under-secretary of war,
asked In the Senate what mcas.
ures tho government intended to
take against Bolshevik propaganda
ln France, conducted by Frenchmen, Misguided citizens, he said,
were methodically organizing a revolution. Thc senator cited that at
the Socialist Federation Congress In
February, nearly 10,000 votes supported the motion of M. Loriot in
favor of a proletarian dictatorship,
the Installation of Soviets and an
armed Insurrection.
Co-op, Concert Saturday
A concert and dance will be held
by the Vancouver Co-operative
Society, Saturday, April 3, in Vancouver Labor Temple. The concert programme will start at 8
p.m. In room 401. Thc dance will
start at 9 p.m. In room 403. Card
tnb,les will bo provided for those
who do not care to dance. Re.
freshments will be served. Admission 2Gc for both the concert and
dance. Auspices Women's Co-operative Guild.
Comrade J. W. Hogg Takes Over
Duties A* Provincial Sec.
of F. L. I*.
After n. term of olllce extending
over two years at provincial secretary, Comrade W. R. Trotter stated
at tho recent convention of the
Federated Labor Party that he
would not ba a candidate for the
position. Circumstances ruled that
he must for some time at least be
freed from a number of the duties
which have been crowding him.
The convention elected a central
committee of seven, to which the
lower mainland branches are to
olcet a representative In addition,
aud tho committee was instructed
to eloci its own ollicers. Comrade
J. W. Hogg has accepted thc provincial secretaryship and will combine thc work with other duties.
His address will bc Labor Temple,
Vancouver. He is ulso acting as
business ngent of the Bakery
Workers Union, with an office in
the Labor Temple.
Comrade Hogg, although a
young man, is un old.timer in the
political Labor movement, and is
well known as a worker and
speaker In I. L. P. circles In Edinburgh, Scotland.
Magyar Regime of Terror
Had Sympathy of British Officialdom
Vienna—Four leading Hungarian Liberals have sent a memorandum to Sir George Clerk, In which
the responsibility for the Haygar
terrorist regime is placed upou the
British representatives in Hungary.
The message states that the Entente authorities were warned repeatedly of the dangers Inherent
In their support of General Horthy
and Minister of War Friedrich, and
it is specifically asserted that the
open sympathy of British official,
dom toward the white government
in Budapest has encouraged the
reactionaries to the bloodiest extremes. Admiral Troubridge, the
British commander on the Danube,
is described as the mainstay of reactionary Hungary. The memorandum Is signed by Martin Lovas-
isy, Wilhelm Vazsonyl, Ernst Gar-
ami and Stephen Szabo. Sir Geo.
Clerk answered all protests against
Horlhy's massacres by saying,
"Horthy is a gentleman."
Superior Judge Works of Los Angeles, Cal., has announced his candidacy for the appellate bench because, he says, "the salary of a superior judge, $6,000 a year, is inadequate for my financial needi-."
"This," says thc Citizen, "is tht
Judge who Issued an Injunction
against the shipyard workers last
year, prohibiting them from 'picketing' thc shipyards lu an' endeavoi
to secure a little more than $0 t
In the Moscow eelctlons, 570,000
Mtraboau said: "The people are
no wild herd that must oe chained. Ever calm and measured,' If
truly free, they do only abandon
themselves to savagery .and wrath
under a government that humiliates
them in order to have a right to
despise them."
Serving    Wen-ynr    Sentence    for
Heine a Champion of Worklg
Class Emancipation
Atlanta.—Eugene V. Debs consented to the use of his name in the
primary, as a candidato for thc
presidency, according to Warden
Fred 13. Zerbst.
A Michigan delegation,' accompanied by Samuel Castleton, Atlanta lawyer, visited Debs last
week. Prison rules forbade an attempt to interview Debs.
Miss Julia D. Pratt, on trial before the Buffaffla, N, Y., school
board on the charge that she Is
unfitted to teach because of.membership ln the Communist party,
has the pleasure of knowing that
votes were cast. There woro 58,000 j the parly is officially sanctioned,
who had no right to vote, of which'The. man who la alleged to have
number 48,000 were children. Un- taken her application Is Secretary
der the Czar only 16,000 voted,; TI. V, Bernhardt, now Introduced to
while under Kerensky 45,000 werei the school board as a secret service
permitted the franchise. . agont of the United States govern-
. —■—— meat!
Put  a onc-ccnt stamp  on   thls|
paper and mail it to a friend.
(with your purchasing power. PAGE TWO
Easter Clothes
at Substantial Savings
Men's high-grade hand-tailored clothes in newest English worsteds and tweeds in great variety and assortments.
Regular values are
$45 and $50 ..._.
Arnold & Quigley
"The Store That'i Alwayi Buy" 1
546 Granville Street
: in gebd lalti
VAuoouvM, a a
..April I, IM
Finest Boiling Beet trem, lb. ~~.l4a
Fiti.it Pot Ro.sl from, lb .....190
I'ine.t Ot™ Rout from, lb 2te
Firu-.t Rib Rout item, lb 28c
Finest IUmp RoHt, lb 2te
S. 0. Fnd En,, doi. He
Fineit Compound Lird, 2 lbi. for 00a
Flint Pur. Ltrd, 1 lis. for —Me
Fineit Beet Dripping, 1 IU. for .-.•to
Hȴ. yn hid e.e et onr fftsoes
Pork SbMM.nl Tktoj onl, weigh
. to 6 lb.. EegiUr 88. lb. Fit-
dl, ud Mutsy, f ut. ...My,,
B. .nn rom get DM tbii week.
Sliur'.  FilMt  ilb.rt» Creuur,
Bitter, nt. priM > Ibl. for 82.3S.
Sltirtor Item • l.M. ta 11 ».«.
-       ■  » lbi. for *J.10
Fluent Cintnrbnrr tab Stew, lb..JM
Fineit Cmterburj Lab Sb.ulder..
per lb -■—  MV,0
Fineit Cuterbirr Limb, Loin.,
pir lb   MV,0
Finiii Cinlerbarr Limb Ltd, lb. SM
W. ire (imous for lir Cinterbuf
Limb, it'l fine.
Sliter'i Tel, per lb, - 60.
Nabob Tei, per lb.   .681
Blue Ribbon Tel, per lb 861
Blltir'i Coffee, lb;  ..60c
BUter'l Sliced Streikf Bieol, Ik. 80c
SUtir'l Sliced Straikr Bieoi, lb. 56c
SIMM*! Slioed Ayrihire llM, lb. 66c
BUter'l Sliced Bonolei. Roll, lb. ..its
noma hah special
Ol Fridir ud Biturd.r wo will
Mtt our Fimou. Bugir-Cur.d Pieli. Himi, ng. 86« lb. Fridir Md
SKurdi.. per lb 2»y,c
D.I  Monte Pork   ud   Bern., th.
very best, ipceii], 8 tint for ..80c
Fiieit Jellied Tongue, diced, lb, ..80c
Fineit Vol] Loif, sliced, lb. 360
FiMt Cooked Him, iliced, lb. ...-7W
Fineit Blood Sl\ulg>, lb.  200
Quiktr Cora, tia 	
Fineit Totmtoel, lirge til .
Fineit Qreen Boui, til .
Libbr'i Pineipple, tia - .26*
Nabob Cnetird Powder, 3 for ......261
Holbrook*. Cu.tird Powdor  160
Our taur.ry loin, ou Hutingi
Strut Ston orory Biturdir iftenioom
•t 1 o'clock for Hutlngi But. Hut-
ingl Townim, Tumm bights,
Orindflow. If 7N cm not got IB Juit
Dkoni tost or*m, wo wUl look oflof
Slitor'l    Finest    Sugir-Ourot
Streikr Buon, bilf or wholo .lib,
reg. SSo lb. Siturdijr onl.,
per lb. — 47 Vie
Three'Big Stores
Phono SOT. 3282
PhOM  SOT. 866
Phone FUr. 1688
My low prices
don't sacrifice
The best dental work is the cheapest dental work.
Unskilled dental work is dear—■
even if you get it for nothing.
Your teeth are of priceless value
—treat them accordingly.
I assure yoa the highest skill—at
lowest fees.
Don't worry about the price-'
Come to me.
Dr. Brett Anderson
602 Hastings St. W., Cor. Seymonr
Offloe open Tmeday anti Friday ererin**.
Be consistent and demand tht Union Stamp on yonr toots aad
shoes. The following local Sims aro (air to Organised Labor aad
an worthy of yoar patronago and support:
I. Leekil Co.. IM., 220 Oimbil Stnet.
Himf Bolt Shop, 61 Cordon St. W.—Cuitom Miking Md Biplln.
W. 1. Heidi, 20 fmi Strut—Custom Hiking ud Bopiln.
tbcLichluTiTUr Co., 63 Cordon Strut  Wut—Custom  Miklif
ud Bopiln.
Dunsmuir But Shop, Ml D.niaulr Strut—Outta Miiilg tad
"Kodalay" An Btpftir Compiny, 1047 GrmviUa Strttt.
Standard Sho* Bepalr Shop, 618 Bobson SUM*.
U, X. Thorn, 268 Kings**?.
Voedi, Ltd., "K" Boot Shop, Cordon tad Hwttnft Stmt Wwi
B. C. Spaulding, 6071 Truer Stroot, South Vancouver.
0. R. Twin, 1430 Commercial Drtvt.
T. Wells, 3711 Main Stntt
F. Paulsen, 881 Brtadway East.
Be progressive, Mr. Shoe Repairer, and get tn touch wtth feot*
tary Tom Cory, 445 Vernon Drive.
Your New
Spring Shoes!
If you're giving tlie subject
particular attention just new
it's to your direct advantage to
visit this store.
The latest and moit reliable leathers in blacks and brown*-.
Shoes that wear'right and feel right
Goodwin Shoe Co.
Goodwin's Good Shoos
Will Gire One Hours'Pay
Ter Month to the
Defense Fund
New Quarters for the 0.
B. IT. Are Found
The regular meeting of the
Prince Rupert- Central Labor Council convened at 8:16 p.m. March IS,
with 30 membors -present. The
building committee's report on the
progress of their negotiations gave
rise to an interesting discussion.
The duty pf the committee li to
flnd more central and suitable quarter* for the council and to submit
the best proposition they can secure. They have in view a building
which from location and convenience would be ideal for the purpose, and the membership Is anxious to secure it if it can be done
on reasonable terms. The necessity of having a paid official who will
be on the job at headquarters all
the time le becoming one of the
most urgent problems the 0. B. U.
movement in this district haa to
face, and the building in question,
whether (n part or whole, by lease
or purchase, is what is engaging the
attention of the council. As the
committee was unable to report
more than progress, owing to the
fact that one of the parties concerned ln the deal is at a considerable distance, other prospects were
mentioned as alternatives, but they
did not measure up to the one in
consideration. If ft is taken over
as a whole, it would be a revenue
producer in Itself, and the outcome of the negotiations is awaited with Interest.
Balance to Defense
The secretary-treasurer was ordered to procure 12 O. B. IT. shop
cards, Del. Mrs. Booth, for the
Women's Auxiliary, reported that
the last social had resulted in receipts of $87, which, less expenses,
would be turned over to the Labor
defense, fund. The next would be
hold for the benefit of the widow of
a member recently accidentally
killed in the city. Arrangements
had been made with Canon RIx to
address a meeting under the auspices of birth control, to which he
has recently withdrawn his objections. The meeting would be open
to the public, and questions and discussion would follow. The auxiliary was considering the proposition of affiliating with the council
as a full-fledged unit, paying per
capita tax, and when It did so an
invitation would be extended the
women working In the laundries to
join up. Del. Wicks, for the building Trades Unit, reported that the
matter of the anti-union foreman
was adjusting itself, as his attitude
was now generally known, and he
could get no men to work with
him. Del. Booth, for the Fishpackers' Section, reported that the arbitration board on the wage dispute
with the Canadian Fish and Cold
Storage Company had secured
Judge Young as chairman, but delay had occurred over a technical
point, ahd the board had not yet
begun Its investigation. Also that a
difficulty In connection with the
firemen on the S. S. Carruthers had
of the same company had been adjusted, the men who had been firing
having their places filled with
O. B. U. men, In spite of an attempt on the part of some one in
connection yith the company to
get the men signed up with the International. Only one of the men
was not an O. B. TJ. man when he
secured the job, and he had signed
up before the ship left. Del. Dickens gave a full report of the
trouble, which endorsed all that
the previous speaker had said, and
the report waB accepted, and action
Casey Explains
Del. Casey explained the reason
for not accepting the "Soviet" resolution at the recent convention ln
Victoria. As, the resolution called
for an endorsation of that form of
government for Canada it was
pointed out that the conditions In
Canada and Russia were different,
and a substitute motion had been
submitted and passed which was
the same aa was passed at Calgary 12 months ago, sending greet
ings and praise to the Russian
workers for the position they had
reached in the international class
The decision of the O. B. B. not
to Issue a call for an assessment of
$1 per month for the defense fund
was considered, and the conclusion
of the discussion recommended to
the afllilated membership that they
assess themselves one hour's pay
per month for the purpose, as long
as the necessity exists. The Metal
Trades had already announced
their willingness to pay 60 cents per
month, but lt Is probable that they
i will fall In with the new proposal,
One thousand assessment stamps
were ordered printed,
A letter from the secretary of
the late strike committee at the
Premier Mine waa considered, and
the assistant secretary instructed to
ask for the books to be sent down
for audit (aa a matter of ordinary
routine only) and that he recom
mond that the three men who had
been boarded by the strike fund
since the conclusion of the strike be
asked to assume their own expenses
from now on.
II. Galloway Not a Strikebreaker
The assistant secretary reported
that H. Galloway, who had been
listed as a scab during the strike
at the Premier, had been done an
injury, as he was an O. B. u. man
who had subscribed liberally to the
defense fund, and had been in
Stewart during the strike. Letters
had been received from Stewart
pointing this out, om of them being
signed by two members, besides a
letter from another member. The
assertion that he was scabbing had
been given by a man who professed
that ha had a letter from Galloway
stating that b* was running a machine in the mine. Aa a matter of
fact, Galloway waa on Ms way to
the mine when he met the strikers
coming down, and   returned   with
them.   It Is aot yet certain
Uu roport waa mado
or not, and erery effort waa beimg
made to get at the reaaon torgbr-
Ing tho roport.    After   dtt«u«MoB
the report wao accepted.
The assistant secretary ml
■trucUd to write A. S. WeilC M ft
legal point involved ln the ftontlM-
tton of a trustee for the sale of tbo
shares of the B. C. Federationist,
Limited. Credentials woro ordered
issued to two memben to art as
delegates in Stewart, and k« ;fhU
connection Del. W. Shaw recommended that accurate records
should be kept of the receipt books
issued and received from delegates
for the purposes of audit,    t  ft.
The case of a member named
Venanxlo who had been refused
compensation by tho board, for a
strain incurred In his work was
considered and referred to the executive committee, and a committee was appointed interview the
City Council about the caae of a
mentally deranged man who had
escaped from the hospital, disappeared, and no apparent attempt
made to' locate him after he had
left the hospital. Hia friends are
enquiring for him, and It is feared
from evidence that he has committed suicide.
Temporary organiser Cann submitted the report of his fortnight's
work. He had signed up 49 new
membera during that period, and
gave a typewritten report embodying somo useful. information and
recommendations, whieh was referred to the executive committee.
A motion was made that his term
he extended for another fortnight,
and an amendment to extend it until the council was in a position' to
have a fully paid officer. The
amendment passed.
Adjournment was taken at 10:S0.
Russian Workers Determined to Make Bussia
Fit to Live in
(By George Lansbury)   .
{Editor London Dally Herald)
Moscow, March 22.—I have.seen
Melnlchanskl, secretary of the Russian trade unions. He has lived in
America, and returned to Russia
with Trotsky after the flrst revolution. I found him an enthusiast tor
the new social order. '>tt$0
The trade union movemdftt In
Russia, like the co -operative >*&e4e-
tles, is an integral part of the Soviet
organization. There is, in «£Cect,
one union with many sections .very
similar to what we call industrial
unions. Tlieir function is tOjprgan-
ize the supply and distribq.tlpiri.jOf
labor and to control workshop organization (assisted in this by technical experts). They have, a Ipfre-
dominant voice also in the labVrfce-
partment, which is responsible for
provision against unemployment;
Owing to the extreme shortage of
labor, due entirely to the warmths
Soviets have had to postpone1 ttiteir
Intended shortening of the working
day. Consistent overtime Is being
worked voluntarily, and the school
age has in some cases been lowered
to 14. Members of the communist
party, in view'of the urgent need
for wood, food, etc., have volunteered to work on Saturday afternoon and on Sunday, which -latter
has been decreed a national holiday.
It is this kind of thing which is
distinctive feature of the real
"dictatorship" of the woVkers. It Is
the hundreds of thousands of communists, who in peaceful occupations and in fighting, have Inspired
the masses and led them to victory.
Melnichanskl told me In this
country labor could never be militarized. It was the men of the
army themselves who, when fighting was over for the moment, realized that demobilization waa impossible until peace waa signed on
all fronts, and asked to be organized as an industrial army. Just as
soldiors in the military forces retain their trade union membership,
so representatives of their unions
are with them in this industrial
army. This method is cheerfully
accepted here as the only way to
restore Russia.
Later on, Melnlchanskl told me,
when a general peace is made, there
will be no regular army'ln Russia.
The soldiers will not flght except in
defense.   There will be, however, a
territorial mllltla, not tn barracks, but at home.
There wilt be a great labor conference here in April, and I am asked to say again that representatives
of British labor will be enthusiastically welcomed.
The route he/e Is now open via
Our comrades here have nothing
to hide. They understand their
mistakes, and acknowledge when
they fail. By the same token their
friends abroad, seeing their failure,
will understand that Russia has
been at war within and without for
Ave and a half years. . £
Disease, starvation, and sunttrlng
have been endured on an uuequaled
scale. There have bcen no anuup-
thetlcs, no medicines, no Red Cross
equipment—and with It aMj 4*1'
spirit of the people Is unbroken.**
Natives Do Not Relish the
British Brand of
Canadian National Rail,
road Workers, Fort Malta'';
Unit of the 0. B. W0,?
A meeting of the above"
Unit will be addressed by
T. Richardson
in the
No. 1 HaU, Labor Temple
New Westminster
1920, at 8 p.m.
Chairman, W. Hinde
Everybody Welcome
Ask if It Is Part of Business to Fleece
[By VV. Francis Ahem]
Amour tha island, la tii* Paelfle ocean captured from ttae Germans In th* early day* of the war
by th* Australian government,
was th* fabulously rich Ialand of
Nauru—a little speck of phosphate
rock just south of the Equator In
th* Qilbert Island group. But that
the natives of that island do not
appreciate the new brand of "Democracy" that Is being given them
under the British, or rather, the
Australian flag, will be seen when
it is stated that they ar* invoking
the old of the law courts to secure
certain right* they claim to hav*
been cheated out of.
Th* Islanders 'of Nauru—like
most Paelfle dwellers—are largely
a childish lot of folk. Not being
too well up in the ways of .modern
diplomacy, thoy seem to hive got
the idea in their heads that they
are being robbed by International
capitalists, and that the country,
which is theirs by right, Is being
wrested from them. Somehow they
do not seem to understand that the
British flag waving overhead il the
hnllmatk of sincerity that every-
tning possible Is being done for
their Interests, and that consideration for them is the predominant
feature of the occupancy of their
possessions by whito folk. They
ask plainly: "Is it part of the business that we should be fleeced?"
Tes, they will agree that while
Germany had possession of their-
Island, they were treated badly.
But, they say, wasn't the recent
war of liberation of oppressed people from the German yoke? Then
why are we enslaved in Just the
same way only under now masters?
They refuse, in fact—ungrateful
creatures that they are—to bolieve
that the British flag is different to
any other when It is a matter of
exploiting them for the sake of big
Aa is well known, the Island of
Nauru Is very small in extent—
aboht 6000 acres—and lies just un-
nerneath the equator about 2500
miles N.N.E. from Sydney, Australia. It is also 'known as "Pleasant
Island"—and it certainly looks a
very pleasant kind of Island to the
rich capitalists making huge dividends out of its natural richness.
It Is rich in beauty and general layout, but what Is far more important, It Is rioh ln phosphate and
lime deposits, which yield, according to experts, 90 per cent, of trl-
calclum phosphate. A conservative
estimate of Its value Is around . 2,-
000,000,000. Some experts place its
value even higher. Hence the rea.
son why the capitalists love this
little 5000-acre Islet In the Pacific.
It is in short a fabulous storehouse of wealth, containing aboiit
3,000,000,000 tons of phosphate
rook, which can be secured without
the aid of a pick—Just shovelled
and loaded Into Bhips at a total
cost of to centa per ton, including
a royalty of one cent per ton paid
to the native chiefs. It is sold in
turn by the company working the
deposits at 16.50 per ton, and retailed In turn again to farmers at
.32.50. Thus It will be seen that
the margin of profit does not foreshadow a near approach to the
bankrnuptcjr court. Work out the
proflt between cost of getting the
material and selling price on tho
300,000,000 tons and you'll get a
hasy Idea why the capitalists have
such a lovable affection for the island of Nauru and why they are so
intensely desirous that "democracy" should be handed out to the
natives there in large handfuls.
I am lighting the case for the
Nauru islanders in the international press, because I want to see fair
play to'the natives there. I think
they have a case for publlo Inspection, and while the attorney for tho
native chiefs is placing the case
before the various interantlonal
governments, who are members of
the League of Nations, I have consented to placo their case before
the world'* press. Being in close
touch with the Nauru folk for some
time past, I am well able to state
thoir case. It was in 1880 that the
Geman government appeared on
the scene, and in the usual way,
commandeered the island. Though
the native chiefs did not like tho
perfunctory methods of the Oer-
mans, a warship waiting In the of.
flng gave them the necessary help
In coming to a speedy decision that
the Gorman flag should go up over
the Island.
Trade, of course, followed the
flag. A German company got going, and this In turn sold out to the
innocently-named Pacific Phosphates Company (in 1905), At
the outbreak of tho war, this compnny had on Its shareholders' list
all the wealthy scions of German
and British capitalism from the ox-
Kalsor on the one hand, t* Earl
Grey, Balfour and other British
aristocrats on the other. This mi
pany paid the German company a
sum of »!,500,000 for the right to
exploit th* islands (and the native*) for .100 year*. It i* true that
the native* didn't see eye to eye
with th* company—in faot they
didn't appreciate the company's
Christian method* at all. They resented, to*, being paid one eent for
phosphate rook which was being
sold to farmers at 132.50 per ton.
They seem te think thoy ahould
havo got mor* money.
They were boing paid the magnificent wag* of $1.44 per week,
with overtime at the rat* of $1.92
for every 100 hours, But the
icrm* didn't suit thom, so they decided on sabotage. But they reckoned without their bosses, and
'.heir scientific methods. Th* win-
pahy put the screw on them. Not,
ing that th* natives could live
without working—on th* cocoa-
nuts on the Isalnd, they sharpened
their axes and bogan te out down
th* tree*, Thty odd "ao work, a*
cocoaauts"—a kind at economic
blocked*. By thl* proceas th* native* wer* in tk* *nd forced to
work whether tbey Ilk* it er aot
Thea the natite* tried their hand
at fliming a kind ef promitlv*
trad* union, bnt th* company
brought in strikebreakers from
other Pacific Islands, from India,
and China and Japan. The result
waa that then I* now ne strike*,
but th* wage* hav* shrunk to
around $1 per week, with hellish
conditions. They wer* speeded up,
worked long hours, exploited ia a
hundred different ways on the
phosphate fields and at the company store*, Ill-fed and Ill-housed,
and cruelly treated it they alowed
down on the job.
But In September, 1914, an Auk
traiian warship arrived in th* offing, lauded a detachment of men,
and raised the British flag. The
commander explained the reason
for their visit; that they wer* the
advance guard of the great nations
anxious to make tba world (including Nauru) safe for demooraoy.
Th* Britiah had learned, wtth
great sorrow, how they had been
tyrannized by th* German*, and
tho commander gave them a message of hope of liberation, of peas*
and contentment. At which then
waa vociferous applause applauae
from th* Nauru folk, and much
beating of drum*.
But while tbis story waa being
told to the simple Nauru folk, an
entirely different story was being
told la the Australian parliament.
In thst establishment of modern
civilization, the ministor for th*
Navy was stating how the Australian government, noting "the enor.
metis prospective value of Nauru,
acted with promptitude, dispatched
a warship thence, and hoisted th*
British flag."
But the native* didn't see muoh
change between th* British flag
and the enemy flag. They were still
exploited, still slaved, atlll cheated
in a hundred different ways, stilt
made to pay 72 cents for rags that
coat (' centa in civilized countries.
They were still forced to deal at
company stores—whore the coBt of
living is always tremendously high;
they still bought cardboard for
good, honest British leather; still
bought brummagen jewelry for
gold. Plainly the "liberation" business was not what they thought it
was. They protested, but no answer came to their protests. They
petitioned the King of England,
but George V did not send a reply.
They petitioned Lloyd George,
Woodrow Wilson, Clemenceau and
God knows who, but all the statesmen answered not. All they got
by way r.f reply was a reminder
that the British flag was overhead,
and that their bosses had liberated
them from the German yoke.
Then came the news that the
Pacific Phosphates Company was
selling out to the Australian, New
Zealand and British governments
for $15,000,000, The natives asked
where they came in. Wasn't their
island being liberated? Then why
was it being sold? Didn't Britain
take it from Germany in order to
liberate them? Then, why wasn't
it being handed to them? Somehow
It slowly dawned on the natives
that they had been sold a pup—a
gold brick, call It what you like.
They had been liberated from the
German yoke, only too true, but
they had another taskmaster Instead,
Now the natives have got their
back up, and are going to flght. I
don't suppose they will succeed,
but they will cause a lot of trouble.
They secured legal aid, and came
to me to plead their case in the
world's press, furnishing me with
a statement signed by King Auwel-
da, and his 13 fellow chiefs, and
the three natives ministers on the
Island, elven undnr their hands flnd
seals at Nauru on July 8, 1919.
They have made a move ln the
Australian law courts for the restitution of their property to them,
taken from thom ui, 1wfully by the
Germans, alBO compen atlon for all
damage done by excavations and
explosions, and the spoliation and
desolation of thetr lands. They
are also demanding that they shall
be left to themselves to do what
they choose with their own here-
ditory rights and possessions, and
that the companies and trespassers
on their island be ejected immediately.
If the past is any precedent,
they have as much hope of getting
the capitalists to release their grip
on Nauru while phosphates remain
there, as they have of getting th*
men In the moon to turn to hard
work for a living.
Big Liverpool Conferonco Discusses
Housing Problem and Endorse*
Building Trades Control
Liverpool, Eng.—Delegates representing about 60 organizations in
and around Liverpool—trades councils, labor parties, trad* union
branches, co-operative societies,
women's associations, co-oporatlve
guilds and societies interested in
social rerorm—attended a, conference held hore to discuss the housing problem.
"We can ask the government until we are black in the fac* to
build houses," declured one of the
delegates. "Nothing will be done
to stop profiteering ln food, clothing or anything olse until we make
up our mind to take some definite
and drastic action, and stop lt
once and for all. The Russians had
solved the housing problem, wby
could we not solve ours?"
It was also resolved "to call upon
the treasury to find the money for
financing housing schemes at the
lowest possible rate, such scheme to
be put Into operation with the
co-operation of the building trade
scheme of control by the workers."
Chicago.—A building for cooperative and social activities ha*
been purchased by Chicago Pointers' Union, Local No. 194, through
its Aid and Relief Society. The five
story building has double stores on
the main floor, which will be used
for co-operative buying and selling;
and the upper floors have two large
danc* halls, and several lodge
rooms which tk* union has already
rented out,
Cardiff, Wales—Thirty thousand
miner* ia th* Bhondda Valley
went on strlk* on behalf of two
comrades who had been discrimtn
ated against. Th* mint operators
immediately capitulated, and
men went back attar a day'* total
paralysis In the mine*.
Tailored Smartness
A worth-while achievement, 1* It »*t? Th* mar* imitation at
styls, however cl*ver, I* awessarUy a surfac* thing—will r*.
Famous creates th* latest style idea—does aat Imitate. Tour
choice Is a product at master design—ot fineat quality material-*
represents a value whloh allow* of ao comparison in Western
Tou achieve tailored sntartnes* at th* priee you can afford to par.
All you an asked to do I* to come in; ask to see any garment
you an interested in; note Its price and then decide tor yourself.
Everything la Fashion's repertoire is included in this wonderful
Spring display at th* Famous—our own superior mak*. It I*
th* resort of women wbo lov* beautiful cloths*.
Neat Oranvlll*
Presidential Candidato la Meiioo
Give* Hi* View*
(Special to th* Federatlonist)
Mexico City, March IJ.—Alvnro
Obregon, candidate for th*  prael-
doncy of Mexico for th* torm beginning next December, ha* Issued
a manifesto announcing th* policies he will pursue ia eaa* of his
election.   He plans to baa* hi* International programme en th* following general principles;
1. Complete Inviolability of th*
sovereignty of Mexico a* an autonomous country,
2. Complete recognition ef the
right of self-determination of all
other countries,
. Complete recogntion of tke
right of self-determination of all
3. Due recognition of all rights
of foreigners in Mexico that have
been legitimately obtained according to Mexican laws.
4. The furnishing of all possiblo
facilities to capital that may be induced to invest in Mexico for the
developmetn of her natural wealth,
always looking forward to the most
practicable and equitable ways of
conciliating the interests of capital,
labor and the government.
5. Constant vigilance so that all
foreigners in Mexico can enjoy all
the guarantees and liberties provided by the laws of the country.
6. The strengthening and closing
of foreign relations in accordance
with the former basis,
Moxico City, March 13.—According to private telegrams received
here, Alvaro Obregon, candidate to
the presidency of the Republic, arrived at Pledrks Nogras, Coah., at
7 o'clock Inst night. Several thousand persons gathered at the railroad station to welcome the caiull-
date. Obregon addressed his partisans and then headed a public
demonstration organized In his
A political meeting ln honor of
the candidate was held at the
Acuna Theatre at 9 o'clock. Miss
Guadalupe Velasco, a well known
young lady of Pledras Negras, delivered a speech, enthusiastically
welcoming Candidate Obregon.
Our advertisers support the Foderationist. It is up to "you to support them,
Dirt and disease germf ftro
allies. Bacteria breed In dirt.
It is the unclean mouth that
barbors the enemies of health
and wholesomeness and happiness. Decayed teeth and
the clumsy bridgework which
frequently conceals decay—
these ara often tolerated
by people who would not tolerate dirt In any other form.
Fortunately, in thli itf ef BoleaM
■nd lanitfttiun tnd pablle education on tht subject, mott peoplt
ntliit thwe dangen, and know
that Cleanlinesa ia tht moat vain-
tble ally of tht doctor. And it Is
chiefly In Delay that tht danger
of dieeaat from mouth io fee tie*
Tht dental delay la particularly
dangerous—often deadly, Make ta
appointment vrilh Ut HOT.
Dr. Lowe
Fin* Dentistry
Oppoilt* Weoomri's
theae Bey. 5t«
Guaranteed Coal
If onr eoal is not satisfactory to you, after yon
have thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
ooal is left and charge yon
nothing for what yon have
Tou to be the sole judfa.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 1141 and Mi
Greateat Stock of
bt Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
What about renewing your I
WHidr TOO ASS. ros
aui Non alcoholic wl»i et 0U
Labor tower Regenerated
—at the—:
Heals of the Best—Prie**
P. Gibb
67 Cordova St. W.
Near th* LOBger*" Rail
Fb.s. aeymrar Til*
TUi4 run, World lnudlafc Ts*.
conw, % 0.	
_   » •- wi«» PAMPHLET, mmmlUt 4 Hk(
<— . . ...k. '.— ik. *oil-. . «fc *KtK_
IEUM tnd & *!*«■• U II* JESUITS w. I* Mm.
(aril ll UKlMtSul AMOUCA. ^^
"""* Auranuwa
<ruiuimff toa mwom^wt tea nwpir
ants ruiusuwc co, nWit Sim, wm (1
tie. IS«01* VU. *l <W|» t*rlt
THESE tine Spring dsy* mak* you want to get out doors aad
enjoy yourselves.
Whether you an a dlsclpl* of Isaae Walton or a baseball *n-
thuslast, we are here to take care of your erery need. We bttt*
the largest stock of high-grade Ashing tackle and sporting goo*
in British Columbia, all moderately priced.
After a day'a labor
than a
Bottle of
Ask for it
It'a Union-Mad*
For Sale at aU itaoda
Westminster Brewery Co. U 11 MID rem BY ths
THS 0. B, V.
OMIT Of THE 0, E. V.
$2.00 PER YEAB
''    ' " •
News of the Lumber Workers Industrial Unit of the O.B.U.
.50,000 in 1920;
Quattcum Beach Lumber Co.
Small outfit, gr»b poor, some
non-union men employed. Haywire.
McNalr's Oamp, HHMd« Whnrf
Shingle outfit. Men have put the
demand ln for an eight-hour day,
to come Into effect the flrst of
April, otherwise there will be a
Oamp B
At the last meeting. In this camp
tt waa voted and carried that:
"1. $1.00 a day raise be paid.
"2. "Blankets, sheeta and pillows be supplied by the company
and the men pay for the cleaning.
"$. The employer take their
choice and run their camp with ua
er with their non-union men after
April 1.
"4. All top bunks to be taken
Massed 'limber Company
Camp lu fairly good condition;
•Ingle beds, with blankets furnished. Board fair, but no bath house
•r dry house yet.
BoiiBley's Oamp
One hundred per cent, organised;
aew bunk houee, bath house under
construction, and will be a thoroughly up-to-date camp when complete.
Dempsey, Ewart Camp
At a meeting held Bince the strike
It was decided to hold meetings
onee a week. Mr. Dempsey wanted
to have them once a month, so that
he could attend them. He also made
the statement that he was In favor
ef organised labor but at the same
time he said that any man who
wanted to work here did not have
to have a card. The members de
elded by a unanimous vote, while
Mr. Dempsey was present, that any
man who did not take a oard out
tn a week's time would have to get
out or else they would. Have got
to wait until the blankets ore man
ufactured before we get them.
'up to you workers when you come
In contact with him to ask him
questions, so wash up and give him
a warm reception, for he likes a live
crowd, and lt sure is hell when you
have to talk to a bunch of workers that are just walking around to
jew the undertakers out of funeral
expenses. Always remember it is
by asking questions that we are
able to educate ourselves, so I am
hoping to hear from him that you
are a live hunch and that you all
wanted to know something.
Massett Timber Co., Camp 6
Camp just starting up; also 1, _
and 9, Company expects to run
eight or nine camps this summer.
This camp is logging now and
others will he in a short time. Superintendent states he will have
thoroughly up-to-date camps. We
have Ave bunk houses about 18x24,
nino bunko ln oach, all single. Com'
pany furnishing blankets as fast as
they can get them; sheets and pillows coming up. Forty-live men in
camp, 35 union. The balance will
join next pay day. Pay twice a
month. Fare $36,40. Bunk houses
are on floats. Bath house being
erected. First-class cook. Company pays CO cents more than the
association scale and agrees to
maintain that advanced rate. They
are running saw mill in connection
with the camp and I understand
•re going to work ten hours. The
mill men are all hired for an eight-
hour day and are getting two hours
Yellow-worker Bidder la earn'
tng out the organisation work of
the district and la getting results.
On Monday night he held a meet*
tng in Camp 6 at Skookumchuck,
one of the Crow's Nest Lumber
Company's camps. The workers
•t this camp seemed to be satisfied
wtth nny old thing. Wash basin
and sink in filthy condition, floor
never scrubbed, and the workers
In thia camp are not interested In
good conditions, so they continue
to sleep In their old double-deck
wooden bunks. Poor fellows, when
will they wake up and get progressive.
From there the organizer went
to Camp No, 1, and what a vast
difference: Clean sink, wash
bowls, floor scrubbed each week;
Iron bedsteads, double deckers,
good air space. The foreman has
promised to put a fence between
the pigs and our fellow workers
•t this camp, and I believe the
law says this should be done. Some
of you workers can ask the health
officer when you see htm. The
workers at this camp took great
Interest at the meeting and sure
were not afraid to ask a few
questions, and, as far as I can understand, got the answer. A delegate was elected and committee
appointed, and frotn now on
Camp 1 ehould come up In line
with the progressive camps of this
From Camp 1 he wandered
over to Camp 2, where he was
given a hearty welcome. Having
previously worked at this camp,
he was right at home. The meeting at this camp was a bumper
as all workera attended, and they
Intend to have a 100 per cent
•nlon oamp. Conditions are reported fairly good at this camp,
and they are going to have a bath
house tn the near future.
The workers at Taylor's camp
were not visited thia trip, The
companies when they move camp
have not got the habit of notifying
us when they make • move. But
It would be an easy thing for the
worker to do so. Buck up and let
us have your new address so we
may be able to mall you the Federationist and a few more splendid
papers, for when you get the eight
hours you will kave to read to All
In your spare time.
Our organizer landed ln Cath-
ness on Saturday and since that
time I have had no report.
The men of this mine called a
meeting for March 21st to discuss
grievances. About 300 men attended, or neArly a full turn out.
The following resolutions were
carried, to be presented to the
1. That the wages be increased
60 centa a day all round, such scale
to be. dated back to March 1st,
This would give miners $6 and
muckers S5.50 per day, the same
scale as that allowed by the Granby Consolidated at Anyox.
2. That hot water and steam
heat be available at all hours.
.3. That no discrimination be
shown against any man who spoke
at the meeting.
The eompany agreed to all the
demands except that they would
date the new scale of rates from
March 16th.    The men accepted.
Another meeting has been called
for April 4th for further discussion.
think if the boss was flred, the
camp would be one of the beat on
tlie coast, but as long as he Is running the camp, it will be a scab
layout. The camp is composed of
Japs, Dagoes, Greeks, Russians,
Slwashes and a few white men.
They fed pretty good the flrst fpw
days after the strike was settled,
but the scab cook is putting up
pretty bum grub. He is a proper
mulligan mixer; he could not boll
water for a tramp. Everything-has
gone democratic, in fact it is a
haywire layout.
Faulkland, McKeuzlc's Camp t
Tents 30x36, with 24 beds, some
double bunks and some single;
double bunks have heen divided
with a 2x4 up the centre. For
springs, they are using chicken
fencing wire. Floor was built of
green lumber and has dried up so
there are cracks an Inch wide, and
some places large enough for a
cat to crawl through. Floor never
been washed. Stable only 60 feet
from kitchen; cook is good, grub
fair considering the way he is being furnished. Contractor hired
some men to work for him at $5
per day, 9 hours, and after a few
days' tried to enforce the lO.hour
day, but the men all walked out,
those who were working by the
day. Now about 35 men in camp
doing station work. ThlB report
Uta well for all the camps on the
Kamloops-Kelowna cut-off on the
C. N. R., or rather the Government
Mnrdook's Oamp (P.G.E.)
Government work. Murdock subcontractor with a walking boss
(Tlnerty), who la drawing big
wages for that job, and we understand has a contract for all timber
within 35 miles, Conditions rotten,
that Is for the men who do the
actual work.
P. B. Anderson's Camp
Conditions in this camp are good,
Eight men to each bunk house, no
top bunks. Shower baths and drying room. We have a good cook
and tho food is O. K. Blankets,
sheets and pillows, if required, can
be had for $1 per week. Thc camp
Is lighted by electricity. Mail delivered twice per week and collected three times per week,
ftemmlngscn'8 Cump
Fulling and bucking still under
contract, but will soon have to
stop. Conditions are fair, blankets and sheets are kept clean;
sheets washed once a week. Board
good, and the 8-hour day is well
lived up to.
It Is
Alberni Pacific Lumber Oo.
All members are requested to
note that this outfit Is discharging
some of the men who participated
in lib' strike at that camp. The
company gives as a reason that
there Is not enough timber felled
to keep the crew going. The company agreed, when the strike was
settled, to take all the men back
and give them work at anything
until such time as there would be
room for them at their old Jobs.
It Is cvidenf"thnt the company
Is trying to get rid of the men who
had been on strike, therefore the
union men ure requested to stay
away from this camp for a few
weoks, which action will remind
the company that it would be advisable for them to stick to their
Graham's Grading: Cump
Crew 100 per cent. O. B. U.
Wages $5 per day and board, strict.
ly 8 hours. Food of Al quality,
but cook short of a lot of things,
owing to camp not being in full
swing yet, but improving. Temporary tent camp, bath house under construction. Camp going to
be good, Judging from Indications.
Camp 6
At the lust meeting It was decided to demand the enforcing of
the $6 minimum with board $1.50,
which is to include blankets and
laundry for same.
Albcrul Paelfle Lumber Co. Camp
This is a good camp to stay away
from. The boss ahs no use for O.
B. U. men, and In trying all he can
to get them out of the camp.    I
Cranbrook, B. 0 J. H. Thompson....Box 18
iSoods B. 0. -J. L. Peterson Box 812
Kamloops,». u. 3 Vifitoria gt
Merritt, B. 0 Andrew Dickie Box 8
Mum B. 0. E- Mutch .Box 197
*e    Meeangs are held In the O. B. U. Hall, Baker Street
Nelson, on the first and 3rd Sunday of each month ftt
Prinze Oeonre, B.0...J. Stevenson Drawer 20
ffi Rupert B.0...J. H. Burrough ....Box 833
ittSl$ * Waterson ~j* ft" *«*
Bdmonton, Alta. ..-.0. Berg —M?BSS5 • *
Prtoce Albert, SaricGeo. Tether 108-^h St. S.
***** 0nt W'°0Wa11 B°gXyHcUl
Port Arthur, Ont ....O. Anderson 281 Bay Street
Fort Francis, Ont...-T. Mace  webrter HaU
„J. D. Oluney. tt Im* St.
Cobalt, Ont.
Provincial Legislature Favors
Direct Action by Workers
ON MARCH 25 the B, C, provln-  Macdonald, M. A., Sutherland, Man-
cial legislature decided that thel8?"' Thompson, Anderson, MacDon-
cial legislature decided that the
only way in which .the workers In
the pulp, paper and lumber mills
of this province could expect to get
an eight-hour day was by resorting
to direct action on the Job. On Major Burde's motion to make it compulsory for these industries to operate on an eight-hour basis, an
opportunity was provided by which
this already too long delayed improvement could be effected with
least disruption of Industry and
without the creation of personal antagonism between employer and
worker. However, the 2x4 attorney
general and so-called minister of
labor, Farris, on behalf of those
interests he serves, opposed the
measure, and, to kill it, moved that
a six-months' hoist be given it. This
was opposed In an amendment by
Hawthornthwalte and which lf
adopted would have compelled a
vote on the bill itself during the
present session. Of course the reactionary puppets and hangers-on
who are looking for capitalistic
hand-outs rallied to the call of their
masters and voted the bill a six-
months' hoist. . The following 27
voted to throw the bill out: Bell,
Yorston, Nelson, Duncan, Jackson,
Cowper, Sloan, Farris, Oliver, King,
aid, M. C, Weart, MacLean, Pattullo, Hart, Barrow, Whiteside,
Walters, Pauline, Hall, Buckham,
There were 16 who had a sufficient insight into present day needs
and tendencies to support tbe principles embodied In the bill. These
were: Pooley, Schofleld, Jones, McDonald, A., Mackenzie, F. J. A„
Hanes, Giolma, Burde, Ross, Bowser, Rose, McKenzie, W. A., Hawthornthwaite, Wlllson, Mcintosh,
As a result of the legislature action there Is no other course open
to the workers than to take Job
action to enforce the eight-hour
day and they are rapidly making
their arrangements. All the pulp
and paper plants and mills have
been notified that an eight-hour day
must become operative from April
1st and in all lumber mills on May
1st. In addition there are many
members of organized labor who
still retain a willingness to take advantage of the opportunity of ballot-box action to express their approval or dissatisfaction of the actions or views of the various candidates. Then the reactionary 27
can expect to be put where they
belong, amongst the has-beens.
Dalil ft Falk
Conditions ln general are very
unsatisfactory. Boats arrive be
tween 12 and 2 a.m. and then t
two-mile walk to camp. Bunk
houses rotten, built on floats; rats
galore. Bunk houses never washed
out. Dry house, wash house and
bath house all In one; no hot water;
only three wash basins for crew of
40 men. Good cook, but he cannot get anything to cook with. At
a recent meeting, the men decided
to call for time and one-half for
overtime. Eight hours, camp to
camp, and top bunks to be removed. These were put up to the
sub-contractor, who refused to
come through. The firm is being
notified to come up to tho camp and
adjust matters. Meetings will be
held In camp every Wednesday.
luxury out of the results of the toll
of men who exist In such putrid
dens as the aforementioned Joint of
Raush Valley, B. C.
Listen to the talk about the welfare of the worker. Considerate
employers and other platitudes,
that are so often spewed forth by
the hirelings of the employing class
and then take a walk around and
study these, ideas in practice, and
one cannot help but see the great
contradiction that exists and the
arrant hypocrisy of these would-
be regenerators of society.
The average logger Is not, as a
rule, of a studious nature, but he Is
learning, and learning fast, many
of them are still Illiterate, but
working class knowledge Is not
confined to those who are literate,
as has heen clearly proved ln the
case of Russia.
He is becoming aware of the necessity of combination of class solidarity, of concerted action, and he
is finding in the O. B. U. an organization which, by reason of its
mobility and adaptability, wtll
prove to be a dynamic force, which
the master class themselves are
now beginning to realize, despite
the assurance of hired fakirs and a
prostituted press to the contrary,
Secretary, Prince Qeorge.
This is not a tale of conditions of
of life in medieval times, but what
actually occurred In this enlightened twentieth century In the civilized, progressive Canadian west.
The place is Raush Valley, B. C.
and the concern belongs to and is
run by a Mr. Johnson. It Ib the
best place to keep away from up to
the .present, on record.
There is anywhere from 70 to 90
men in the camp, and it has the
usual features common to most of
these disease spreading, man-
squeezing outfits, which produce
the ties so much ln demand on our
great Canadian railroads.
This one In particular was never
designed with tho object of conforming to any sanitary regulations
the bunk house with pole floor,
pole bunks, hay beds and semi-
darkness Is the finest thing at all
for a man whose constitution is a
bit run down—he will soon get out
of his misery, as can be proved.
The woll Is close to the kitchen,!
from which the swill finds Its way
and contaminates the water, while
the meat , kept as it ts in the opon
air, Is investigated by squirrels and
other hungry and inquisitive animals. A short time ago smallpox
broke out, and for a few weeks
the place was under quarantine.
The smallpox patients were for
several days eating, sleepfug and
washing in thc same place as the
other men, until an isolation house
was built, which the men did in.
their spare time..' After the smallpox came the flu. and several men
were down with It at one lime.
These men slept in the same bunkhouse as the other men, who cared
for them as best they could, until
finally onc man, II. Blackland, died
thc doctor only arriving on Uie
scene half an hour before he expired, at 3 o'clock in the morning.
He leaves a wife and two children
In Edmonton.
Now, who Is to blame for this
state of affairs? The health officers shift the responsibility from
one to another. They can't do this
or that, because they havo no orders from some or other headquarters, and so the thing goes on.
What fs the Health Act intended
for?        /
Are laws just put on the statute
book and completely Ignored, because It would offend some parasite lf they were enforced; the B,
C. Health Act could be conveniently ditched tomorrow and no ono
would miss lt—In the vicinity of
Prinoe George at any rate.
Then th« miserable, kept press,
will prate about radicals, extremists and agitators, when the real
extremist Is Bitting comfortably at,
j borne, drawing hli sustenance and
Geo.    Walton's   Oamp—Edgewood
Lumber Co., Arrow Park, B, O,
This is a 100 por cent, union
eamp, all members paid up to date.
The foreman Is a sensible man to
work for and has nothing against
union. Cook and board satisfactory. One big bunk house, double
bunks on one side and single bunks
on the other, but the old bed-packing system still ln operation. The
wages, $4.75 to all hands and the
nine-hour day, still In operation.
The meeting was held tn this camp
February 29, and the following motions were put up:
"That a door had to be put ln
the north end of the bunk house."
"That bath and wash room be installed."   Carried.
"That a semi-monthly pay day be
enforced, that no time checks be
accepted as payment and that sufficient cash be retained ln offlce to
pay off all men leaving camp.'
These demands were granted sat
isfactory to the boys,
i' On March 14 a second meeting
'was held and the following rest.
lution* were passed:
1 "That the eight-hour day be enforced April 1 to include all employees, kitchen staff as well."
''That minimum wages be $5 per.
,da>;. Sawyers, teamsters and hook-
.men be $5.50 per day." Carried.
j "That Fellow-worker P. W. Dunning be appointed camp delegate;
j. Fryson, G. H. Porter, D. Dick
;be . appointed camp committee."
"That Del. Sam Johnson be instructed to lay before the Nelson
district next regular meeting the
following motion:
"That it will be to the advantage
[of this short-log district of the interior to hold a convention of delegates from the following districts:
Cranbrook, Nelson, Kamloops,
Princeton, Merritt, to draw up a
standard rate of wages and bunk
house conditions, as the logging industry Is different from the Coaat
district. Also resolved that the
blanket system  be abolished."
General Items
Anyone knowing the present address of N. Bodin please Inform
Vancouver headquarters.
Members are recommended to
keep a sharp eye on the hospitals
and other activities of this outfit
as many reports coming from members suggest that there Is a greater
anxiety to get hold of the men's finances than to render service, and
seeing that during their last financial year these people received from
the public general donations
amounting to $8032,30, and to get
this doubtless impressed upon the
donors the extent, Importance and
benevolent nature of their hospital
activities. It Is interesting to know
that of all the donations they received, only $2014.70 was applied to
hospital work. Members have been
sent to these hospitals suffering
from the effects of accidents, and
If you stay here you must pay $2
a day In advance," and records are
on flle In which a patient had to
sign an order on the employer good
for when he was able to go to work,
and In another case, had to hand
over the compensation cheques, al.
though ln both of these cases the
men were suffering from accidents.
It may be that this philanthropic
institution desires to have all the
workers within the wide radius of
their hospitals coerced into paying
from tl to $1.50 a month to tho
support of their institution. The
workers are, however, advised to
put their money Into something
which would be directly under their
own control, even If the getting of
the benefits desired would cost
them a little more when they are
ln a flnanclal position to pay for tt
Defense Contributions
Contributions to Winnipeg defense fund from Delghton's camp,
Texada Island, amounting to $147,
follow: $5 each, A. Carlson, J.
Ostman, P. Peterson, C. Henderlck-
son, D. Klrkness, A. C. Kinney, C.
Drlscott, R. Bright, W. J. Armstrong, C. Copeman, J. Levesque, J.
W, Abrams, L. L. Graham, A. R.
Olsen, J. Ntcol, J. Anderson, W.
Coff, S. Hoslam, A. McKay, H.
Green, J, Warren, F. Turner, N,
Johnson, J. Powers, D. Little, I.
Little, A. G. Deighton, D. Kerr; $2
each, S. Blanchard, K. Ferg, J. McLeod; $1, F. Case.
Minutes of Business Meeting
Regular business  meeting  heldf wage the same as any other work*
on Sunday, March 28, at   2   p.m.
Fellow-worker Holllday In the
chair. Minutes of previous meeting read and adopted. Correspondence filed.
Hospital committee roported the
hospitals have been visited and
members therein attended to.
Literature committee reported
books dealing with "Rulllt's Mission
to Russia" and Upton Sinclair's
Brass Check" being on order.
Secretary reported the result of
the recent referendum on convention proceedings.
Financial report given in detail
showing receipts since last -meeting
$4510.11, expenditure $8601-26,
leaving balance ln hand of $2311.68.
Reports adopted.
Question was  raised concerning
letter written by a member and
Inserted In the Federatlonist some
time ago with reference to Hick's
Employment Agency.
Moved, "That the original letter
be read."   Motion lost.
Committee's report re the Employers' Labor Agency, copies ot
which had been sent to eamp, was
read and approved.
Secretary was Instructed to inform the workers at Swanson Bay
that waitresses In the lumber Industry are entitled to   the   minimum
Moved, "That the investigation
committee hand Into tha organisation a copy of Us findings," Carried.
Moved, "That the report be published in the Federatlonist as soon
as handed In."   Carried.
Moved and adopted, "That a tela*
gram be sent to the central defeusa
committee, Winnipeg, regretting
that a Jury could be found to glva
verdict of guilty upon such ovidenco and type of witness and tactics as were used by the prosecution, The 18,000 members of thli
unit can be relied upon to take
whatever action necessary to secure
these men their freedom and will
devote all their resources Tb tha
work of education and organization
so that lu the near future lt will ba
impossible for such a travesty ot
Justice to be again pulled off In thla
Meeting adjourned at 4:45 p.m.
Note by Secretary Winch: "Aa
the printer estimates that to insert
the committee's report referred to
In the above minutes would occupy
nearly the whole page of the Fed.,
It is decided best to Issue the report
In the form of a pamphlet, which
will be circulated throughout tha
camps for the information of tha
membership as soon as available.
Donations to Defense Fund
The loggers employed by the
United Logging Co. at Herrlot Bay
sent In $86 to the defense fund last
week. The members of the Lumber Workers Unit of the O. B. U.
at Faulkner's camp, Merritt, B,
C, have forwarded the sum of
$144.50, and the men at Patchett's
camp in the aame dtstrict, sent
$108 as their contribution towards
the defense of the men arrested as
a result of the Winnipeg strike
Loggers at Jennlng's camp, Perow.
B. C, forwarded $52.
McDonald, James W. McKay, D. F.
McDonald, John McKay, J. McLeod, Angus Mcplnnon.
L. Newman.
Fat O'Connor, J. D. Oullette,
Pat O'Donnell, John O'Brien, Geo,
Olson, Nels Overson (and registered.)
J. Potyandl, Matt Pelto, Preheard, P. Petterson, John V. Person, Roy Porritt, A. L. Proveneal,
Nels Peterson (register.)
Charley Ridger, W. Ross, George
Robinson, C. J. Roberts, Alex.
Ruscan, A. R. Rowland, R. Roberts, Ted Ro%e.
Ernest Saunders, Julius Sorenson, Percy Sells, Howard Smith,
Albert Sehlln, J. Simpson, Frank
Spartarl, George Stewart, Ivor
Smith, W. H. Stevens, Knut Swanson, John Secho, A. J. Sharpe (register), Frank van Sina, Eranst
Tunus, Fred Turnbull, Chas.
Trites, James Henry Tait, Taulbutt,
C. J. Urwln.
Camlel Vcrmeersch.
W. J. Weir, Joe Wlktywar, Dun
Wilkinson, A. G. Walton, A, P.
Henry Yeotnans.
Papers, otc
A. Crlchton, D, W. Morrltt, Alex.
Dunbar, Stephen Brady, P. Myskl.
The result of the recent vote for
the election of district executive j
members is as fololws: F. Billings,'
118; Ed. Cohoe, 101; P. McLeod,
77; P. Welsh, 68; G. Lawry, 66;
R, Kinlosh, 61; J. F. Johnson, 58;
J. McLeod, 41; T. Hart, 39; H.
Paradls, 31; W. D. Hammil, 17.
Send $87.21
The lumber workers   at   Orford
Bay have contributed the sum of
Buy at a union store.
February Statement
Receipts-  |8g00
Dues  .     ..     2.00
Fees •. * .
Delegate's remittance   * * g JJ
LesB commission '  1E7 G)j
District membera  *_'°
O. B. U. Buttons   J*"
O. B. U. Folders ■  J'*J
Literature         ' n ,
Collections for strike   **•""■
Balance on hand January 31  $536 88
Expenditures— _20 00
wa^e8 ' ;;; u,n
Postage    " * 6.00
Office supplies " 0(J
Janitor service   17«'ao
p, G. M. strike expense  ■  51475
Balance on hand February 29  zie.to
The Following Appeal Has Been Sent In
From District No. 1, Mining Unit,
O.B.U., Taber, Alta.
COMRADES: District No. 1 Mining Department of the
One Big Union are appealing for funds to help the miners
of Bellevue, Alta., who have been locked out by the West
Canadian Collieries Co. who are insisting with the assistance of the Minister of Labor, that our men sign thc International United Mine Workers check-off form, which
gives the coal company power ty) deduct a certain amount
of money from the wages of our men, this money to bo
sent by the coal company io the office of the United Mine
"Workers, in Calgary, and from there,, to Indianapolis,
Indiana, U. S. A. we will fight thc signing of this check-
oft to a finish in this district, no Minister of Labor will
bc allowed to force our mea into any organization against
their will. We demand the right of self-determination, the
right to belong to any organization, so long as thai, organization is within the jurisdiction of tbe laws of this country, we appeal to you for funds to help us win this fight
in Bellevue, if we win in this eamp, we kave the International beaten in thia district, they have spent $230,000,
since last August trying to hold this district, with the a*
gistance of Robertson and government stool pigeons.
Kindly send all monies to Bod. McDonald, Blairmore,
Yours for the success of the One Big Union,
Fellow-worker Louis Martin was
killed at Mac and Mac, Hardwick
Island, on March 23.
Moro Donations
Tho lumber workers at the
Comox Logging and Railway Company camp, Vancouver Island, have
donated $77.70 towards the defense
fund, and the men at Stillwater
Beach camp have sent in $60.
The lumber workers at the Jackson Bay camp of the Lapan Logging Company have contributed
$121.50 towards the defense of the
boys at Winnipeg.
Some of the lumber workers are
desirous of having all the names of
the men and tho amounts contributed, published in the Federationist. This, under the present
conditions is impossible, but the
totals recenved from the different
camps will be acknowledged.
Defenso Fund Contributions
Benson camp, Ocean Falls (per
Iver Birkland), $42; Grading camp,
Stillwater, $260.75.
Donations for Defense Fund
Lumber Workers' Industrial
Union, Kamloops district (per J. H,
Peterson), $23; Northern Pacific
Logging Company, Drury Inlet,
$107; Camp 1, Stillwater (L. W. I.
U.), $289.35.
Hudson's Camp, Cardero Channel
The Lumber Workers of Hudson's camp, Cadero Channel, have
sent the sum of $64.50 towards the
Winnipeg defense fund.
Defense Fund
The lumber workers at the
Roberts Lake camp have contributed $80 to the defence fund.
Cowichan Lake
The Lumber Workers at Empire
camp, No. 10, Cowichan Lake, have
sent the sum of $61.50 towards the
defense fund.
Uncalled for Man, March 31, 1920
Ivan G. Anderson, Frank Andcr-
Bon, Moses D. Austin.
M. Boucovick, G. W. Brown, Tim
Bell, W. Bennett, Roy Boyd. Bill
Burn, Otto Blgman, Peter O,
Brandt, S. L. Brun, R. E. Brown.
Favlno Carlo, Giistaf A. Carlson,
Jon Commie, C. Corfleld, A. B.
Clinton, ll. Copeland, Ivor Carlson,
John Cuthbert, George Capstlck,
Jio Constabile.
Mrs. John Deacon, J. Digmas, J.
F. Daniel, Joe Defrane, B. Deal-
mark, Edward Dunn, II. Dowding,
P. Delkewlch, N. Dudakowskl,
Harry Douglas, C. J. Duggan, John
B, Emlkowlck, Rees Evans.
James Finn, Spartarl Francesco,
Poter Fortier, Claude Freeman, A.
N. Fanta, W, A. Fleming.
W. J. Gavell, O. Gable, Frank
Grenficld, L. J. GUI (roll), S.
George, Archie Greenlaw, Jerry
Milton Harney, Bob Hinksman,
Matt Hanson, Chris Hanson, Jno.
W. Hendrickson, A. Herlngson, C.
Heliums,  R.  Higgins.
M. Jockus, A. C. Jones, Hubert
Jones, Wm. Johnstone.
Andrew Kirk, II. Klpp, E. Koj.1-
reff, Leslie Kilpatrick, J. Kcn-
Geo. lAcosse, Locky, Stephen
Langer, A. Lyons, Edwin Pearson
Lust, W. Lee, Peter Losle.
James Meikle, John Moehier,
Chas. S. Mattoch, Frank Myers, P.
Myskl, A. Morrison and (register.
ed), G. Meikle, Dan MilHgan, John
Meyer, R. Muras, Nicholas Melo-
sky, Vance S. Mersereau, Francisco
Martinez, J. O. Mcshcrvilk.
John McCurdy, J. McColl, Ernest
Donations received towards the
defense-fund from the L. W. I. U.
at Pingston Creek: John Rudd, $5
Gust Johnson, $1; Bill Fraser, $2
C. Jocobson, $2; Ben Johnson, $2;
Pete Kllberg, $3; N. Hogbund, $4
P. Erickson, $3; Gust Poterson, $1;
A. Dalhen, $1; John Llpe, $1; John
A. Larson, $1; O. Markstrlm, $1;
T. Dean, $1; M. Bergquist, $1; A
Olson, $1; T. Sitter, $1; M. Johnson, $1; John Teeny, $1; N. French,
$2; Unknown, $3; A. Blay, $1.
Total, $39.
Donation to defence fund from
grading camp, Stillwater, amount*
Ins to $260.76.
Wanted, Information as to the
whereabouts of Walter Haydey,
who left Swanson Bay twelve
months ago, and never been seen
Bince. Information to be sent lo
Ed. Rose, 2178 Horley street, Vancouver, B. C.
Donation.. Rweilved
Camp C, B. C. Mills, Timber 4-
Loggtng Co., Crawford Anchorage,
$77; Camp 3, (L W. I. U.), headquarter j, $84.
A<li!res* of Noble Cornelius.    His
brother desires tho information.
Some time ago I went to the
place of employment of Mac fc Mao
Logging Company. I left town
with the idea of finding one of the
best camps on this coast, after a
lot of bull from one of the owners.
He informed me of having tho
double-deckers cut ln two and
blankets furnished, and that It waa
on account of the union he was
forced to cut the bunks and fur-
nftfh blankets, bo that his employees could live like whito men, there-
I fell for his "bull." It's very
funny that a company like Mac •%.
Mac should use these means of getting men for their haywire layout.
This Is what I found:
The double-deckers are still
there, some of wood and others of
Iron, und as for blankets, I -waa
lucky to have taken my own with
me or I would have been S. O. L,
The bunk houses are dirty and
haven't been scrubbed since they
were built; 16 men ln a bunk
house; two dainty little lamps in
each bunk house. I learned that
the camp was 100 per cent, organised at one of their meetings I
attended. The delegate was Instructed to look over the members'
cards and found to his astonishment that there were eight men1 in
camp who did not have a card.
When the question of blankets was
brought up 1 was informed that the
blankets had been voted on at the
meeting three weeks previous, and
the company was given till the
15tb of April to decide whether to
put them* in or not.
Now if they need two months to
decide whether they put them In
or not they may possibly have them
there by 1922, that la If the same
crew that's there now stays with
them until then. The grub—I dare
not call It food—for to start with
there was no cook, the cooking was
done by the flunkey. I can stand
most anything for a while, having
come out of the army recently, but
a week was my limit at Mac *
Mac's. And to finish, thoy had the
nerve to charge me $2 for extra
meals after I was hired by the
month with board. I would not.
kick so much if there was anything
to eat. Fresh fruits may arrive
once or twice a week, apples principally, and as for oranges and
other fruit they are hard to he
seen. Still, the swamp angels are
satisfied. It looks like there are
a iot of men around this coast who
are only carrying cards because
they have to, but still they can do
without them. In Mac A Mac's
eamp there should be a colleollon
taken up to buy a whistle and have
a good union man blow it when
quitting time comes. The slaves
are now working from 15 to 26
minutes' overtime every day without pay.
$6 Camps m*tT Mills $5
Enforce the Laws! PAGE FOUK
twelfth ykar.  no. it    THE SK1T1SH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST        Vancouver, b. o.
FRIDAY April  I,  1820
Published evory Friday morning by Tbe B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
A. a  WELLS..
Office:   Labor  Temple.  WS Dunsmuir  Street
Telepbone Seymour 5871
Bubscribtion Botes: United States and Foreign,
♦2.50 per year; Canada, .2.00 per year; to
Unions subscribing in a body, $1.50 per
member per year.
Unity of Labor:  the Hope of the World
.April   2,   1920
NOW thst th* Winnipeg trials are
over, and the Crown has succeeded
jn securing a verdict of guilty against the
labor men arrested as a result of the Winnipeg strike, the press is naturally taking
the position, that
SOME ASPECTS as they have been
OF THE tried by a jury of
WINNIPEG TRIALS thcir peers, that is
all there is to be
said about the matter. The conduct of
the trials, and the importance of the reunite, are, however, very vital to tho
working class movement, and even more
so than they would have bcen only a few
years ago. Mr. Metcalfe has said that
things —at are said by individuals must
be considered in connect ion with the circumstances that prevail at the time, or
words to that effect. The result of the
trials, and the actions of the trial judge
and crown counsel must also bc considered
in connection with thc circumstances, and
the trend of events at this time. Not only
that, but the entire proceedings since before the arrest of the men must also be
considered from that basis.
* • •
After the men were arrested, the authorities . raided the homes of many
labor men in different parts of the country. By this method "evidence" was secured against the aecuscd. Pritchard in
his address to the jury said, "They sent
their agents to search every ash barrel in
the Dominion." In a great many respects
this statement was literally true. For the
authorities searched the homes of many
labor officials, who by the position they
held, were compelled to keep on a file
b large mass of correspondence that they
had received, in many cases covering a
number of yeara of activity in the trade
nnion and working class movement. Naturally amongst this mass- of correspondence, there were msny letters that were
written by ignorant men, who in their ignorance wonld write those tilings which
any man who had a knowledge of the
present system, and the causes of the
class struggle, would never write. The
wrested man wen of the latter type.
They knew better than to conspire to bring
about a revolution. They knew that revolutions are not brought about by men
sitting up at night scheming to bring
them about, bnt are the result of conditions that make them not only possible,
but inevitable. Yet this is the type of evidence that was brought against the accused. The following extracts from a
letter received by an executive officer of
the B. C. Federation of Labor in December, 1917, was part of this type of "evidence" as to the guilt of Pritchard, and
the other accused men. The letter was a
reply to an inquiry as to the calling of the
annual convention, and was written shortly after the Dominion elections were over
in 1917: I
♦ • •
"The reeent elections have left me in
a frame of mind where I do not see much
use in calling a convention or anything
' else along that line. It seems that the
workers want to be dominated by thcir
fctural enemies, and if they want it they
should have it; for my part I am quite
ready to adopt the methods of the
I. W. W. or tbe Bussian revolutionists,
as there don't seem to bc any use trying
trade union or educational methods any
more, at least until they have had a little
more of the burden, and then they must
get some sense."
» * *
Another passage from the same letter,
dealing with the suggestion of placing an
organizer in the field, was just as silly
and damning, when used in evidence
against the accused.  It is ag follows:
"If yon think it .best to send an organizer out during January I am agreeable to it, but for my part I would prefer to see an effort made to organize a
militant body of resistors to the present
system of capitalist domination, and to see
the workers, even if they are few, grab
the mines, railways, etc., and thereby
cause as much confusion to the master
class as possible, but at the worst it could
not make the last condition of the workers
any worse than the first."
• ■■♦••
There were,'Other passages along similar lines, and this is the kind of stuff,
gathered from the ash barrels of the labor
movement, that was used to convict the
accused. Strange as it may seem, the
writer 6f the letter in question, is not a
member of thc O. B. U., neither is he a
member of the Socialist Party of Canada;
he is an orthodox trades unionist of the
most reactionary type, ono of the Victory
Bond selling kind, and who has never been
arrested, or even questioned as to his activities. Whether he be knave or fool,
time alone will tell. But in view of his
activities, both before and after he wrote
the letter from which thc above passages
were clipped, he has never been known as
a radical. He is today a strong opponent
of the 0. B. IJ., and is also a member of a
religions denomination which, to say the
.least, is not at all socialistically inclined.
We can only leave our readers to form
their own conclusions as to the reasons the
writer had in penning such trash.
# * »
Tho accused men, howover, have been
connected up with such rubbish, and it
has been used as evidence against them.
That they, in most cases, never even knew
the individuals that wrote letters of this
type, availed them nothing. That they
themselves have never cither written, or
spoken anything that could be construed
as even resembling such crazy and dangerous statements, has not bcen considered. It is, however, evidence of this nature,
gathered from every hole and corner of
the Dominion, on which they have been
convicted of seditious conspiracy by a
farmer jury. The accused have been
found guilty by a jury of their peers, it
has been stated. This, however, is not so.
To have been tried by their peers they
should have been judged by men who
were not economically hurt by the strike,
and by men from the same environment
that they lived in. This however, was not
the case. We learn from the report of
Judge Bobson, in his report on the strike,
that "thc monetary loss to the farming community through thc strike of railway express employees in Western Canada
was particularly heavy."
The jury was largely composed of
farmers, the balance being men who could
not have any sympathy with the workers
in an industrial community, as they did
not live iu such an environment, and consequently could have hut little knowledge
of the problems of the workers in the
* *. *
The case for the Crown was conducted
by men who were intimately, and actively,
connected with the Citizens' Committee
during the time of tho strike. A. J. Andrews, K. C, attended meetings between
the City Council, and other bodies, and
the strikers. His statements at such meetings showed at least how his prejudice
had blinded him to the fact that the workers in Winnipeg had a real grievance, and
that an attempt was being mado to destroy the workers' organizations, even if
he were not a party to such a conspiracy.
The fact that tlie Manitoba Supreme
Court threw out the appeal in the Russell case has been used to prove that the
trial judge was not unfair, as claimed by
the counsel for the defence, but the judges
of this country are iiot free from bias,
and so long as they are appointed largely
for political services, just so long shall
wo see unfairness on thc bench. Possibly
in no other province in the Dominion
could a judge be found who would so misuse his power as did Judge Metcalfe in the
Russell, and the other trials.
* * *
The workers arc urged to use constitutional methods to bring about the changes
that they desire. They will do so if they
are allowed to. But if the government of
this country is so strong on constitutionality, why does it not sec that the mon who
are entrusted with power arc elected in a
constitutional manner. Have the people
no right to a choice as to who shall be
the responsible ministers of the Crown.
Senator Robertson, on whose authority,
along with that of Mr. A. J. Andrews,
K. C, active member of the Citizens' Committee, the men were arrested, has never
been elected by the people. He was in the
first place appointed to the Senate for political purposes, and from that morgue of
blasted political hopes and aspirations, he
was dragged out and placed in a position
that gave him power to have men arrested
in the dead of the night, and their homes
searched. The homes of scores of labor
men were searched and ransacked for
such evidence as that given above. If this
is constitutional, the workers prefer to
have the constittuional methods of the
government of this country modified, and
the people given a chance to select their
With reference to Mr. Justice Metcalfe's statement as to the consideration
of thc statements of men in connection
with the circumstances existing at the
time, we question whether this has been
done. The statements used against the
accused were not statements written or
uttered at the time of the strike, but in the
years preceding it, 1917, and statements
made during that year had nothing to do
with the circumstances at thc time of the
strike. They had nothing to do with the
Calgary conferences or the Walker Theatre meeting, so often referred to by counsel for the Crown, were the circumstances
leading up to the strike, and which had
a large bearing on the trouble in Winnipeg, considered. Mr. Justice Metcalfe refused to allow evidence to be introduced
as to the activities of the Citizens' Committee, and the trouble which resulted as
the aftermath of that organization of
capitalists and their henchmen talcing control of the situation in Winnipeg. Surely this cannot be considered as taking the
circumstances into consideration. Was
the ever-increasing cost of living, and the
slow but sure awakening of the workers to
their class position considered? It may be
that this was considered by those in authority only too woll, and that this, and
this alone, wns the real cause of the arrest
of thc accused, and the subsequent action
by the Crown in the securing of "evidence," and the careful selection of a jury
whieh was not composed of the peers of
the accused. In any ease wc contend that
the silly statements, either uttered or
written, by men other than the accused,
and men ignorant of the position of the
working class, and dragged from the rubbish heaps of the labor movement, cannot
be accepted hy any intelligent people as
proof of the guilt of the men now awaiting sentence, and it docs not prove that
any seditious conspiracy existed. Canada
is today facing the parting of the ways.
Wo hope that the people of this country
will see to it that reason, and not ruling
class vindictiveness, shall be thc dominating factor in the life of thc nation, and
that constitutional methods will be the
methods used by those who clamor the
most for them.
N VIEW of the close proximity of the
United States to Canada, and the 'financial control that the large financial
concerns in that country wield in Canadian affairs, the result of the trial of ttM
Socialist members of the New York StSte'
assembly is of more "than
passing interest to aU
thinking people in this
country. We have already
^^^^ pointed out in these columns thc part played by American capital in Winnipeg last year, and how the
government, which was influenced by the
financial transactions carried on with
Wall Street magnates, passed the amendments to the Immigration Act without opposition from the Liberal Party, and is
today carrying on a campaign against
the miners in Alberta and the Crow's Nest
Pass, in conjunction with the coal opera
tors, which are controlled by U. S. A.
capital. Knowing these things, political
happenings in thc U. S. A. miist be seriously considered by the people of this
country, aud the far-reaching effects of
the adoption of the report of
tho judiciary committee of the New
York State assembly should be scri
ously considered by all who desire to
;ec changes brought about by peaceful
methods. If the report of the committee
referred to is adontcd, not only will the
Socialist members ot! thc State assembly
be unseated, but members of the Socialist
Party of America will bc prevented from
being candidates to that legislative body,
ln other words it will preclude Socialist
candidates being placed in the field by the
* * *
Direct action, or attempts   to   bring
about changes by force are the direct result of thcir being no other means available, and if the Socialist Party of America,
or any other radical labor party, is precluded from having their candidates elected, or unseated after they are elected,
by the legislative body which largely represents the vested interests, then the
workers would have no other weapon
,hiui direct action, and all the laws passed,
and all the courts, could not prevent thc
workers taking the only method left to
them to bring about those changes which
the development of society demands, and
which must be made, or tho people perish.
These changes will be brought about, not
because a few Socialists predict that they
mist and will be made, but because of the
evolution that is taking place in the<]
methods of production, and which mtist
of necessity bring about political changes,
and eventually the downfall of capitalism,
and the establishment of the new order
based on production for use.
* * *
History is teeming with examples  of-
ruling elass madness. It is not confined
to capitalism, but can be found in the lii$-'
tory of feudalism and chattel slavery j.ljui,'
in no previous form of society has the,
ruling class been so insane as is the dominating capitalistic class in thc Knil^d,]
States. Russia, with its czardom, and all
the medieval feudalistic forms of government, with no opportunity for the people
to bring about political changes, was
brought out of bondage by blood tears.
The chattel slaves were freed beeause
capitalism needed a new form of slave,
and chattel slavery was preventing the
development of the new methods of pro
duetion, yet in spite of this fact, those
who owned tho chattel slaves made it
necessary for the people to bring about
their freedom by the sword, never for one
moment realizing that the chango was inevitable, and was in line with human progress, and made necessary by the development of thc machinery of production.
Similar stupidity on the part of the ruling class of this age is showing itself in
all manner of ways, the incident in connection with the New York State assembly being only one of them. The signi
ficance of it, however, is of considerable
interest to all students of sociology. It
demonstrates once more that the ruling
class will go to any length .to retain its
power, and the system which gives that
class ever-increasing profits. The present
rulers are as blind to the forces th>t arc
working in society as were thc owners
of the chattel slave. They will in thcir
madness by the disenfranchising of the
people, and the restriction of all political privileges, aompel thc people to take
other than the much-talked of constitutional methods. Canada is following in
the wake of the U. S. A. in the matter of
crushing industrial organizations of the
workers. The courts are, by the injunction and general American methods,
bringing about a condition that is almost
intolerable. The Dominion Government's
election act instead of giving greater political privileges, is restricting them, and
disenfranchising many people who have
lived in thc country for years, under the
cloak of a sham patriotism, thinking thut
with a large section of the people still
suffering from war hysteria, that they cal},
entrench the present regime by this
method. The people of this country, if
they wish to sec changes brought about by
peaceful and constitutional means, should
call a halt to the American methods;
which are fast being saddled on them,
or ere long we shall see all candidates for
political positions, whether they be proV:
iucial or Dominion, treated as it is evident
they arc to be treated in the State of New
York, unless they conform to the vicfts
and policies of the ruling and profiteering
Eight-Hoar Bill Is
Defeated at Victoria
(Continued from past 1)
If press notices as to the result of the
International teamsters' trouble with their
employers are correct, and which would
indicate that a "gentleman's agreement"
on the open shop basis is the outcome,
then our references to the safety of the
employors from tho superior intelligence
of the men's representative was not far
from thc mark.
it had to devise some scheme that
would serve the necessary joint
purpose .of pleasing the employers
and fooling the workers. For ability to do that. It is hard to beat
the ingenious brain and versatile
jaw of a lawyer. For such ability,
It Is difficult to excel the present
attornoy general. The scheme he
devised, was to move a resolution,
giving the bill a six months' hoist,
and this he formally did. It ro.
quired very little political sagacity
to observe the duplicity back of
the move. Everybody knows, in
fact, that there will not be another
session- of the House previous to
one year from now. It was vory
evident on th'e face of it, that it
was a veiled attempt to defeat
the bill. His argumetns were very
plausible.' He pointed out that
so-called Labor conference—select,
od, of course, by everybody but a
Labor body—is to meet in Ottawa
next July to consider the provisions
as laid down by the International
Labor Conference, called under
the Peace Treaty. It waa his in
tention, he said, tb appoint as rep
rosentatives to said conference, J.
H. McVety, to represont Labor; J,
J, Coughlan for tho employers,
and possibly himself, or someone
else for the public. It might be
asked by what authority he is designated the power to select La
bor's representative? From his
viewpoint, apparently. Labor is not
competont to select its own representative. As to McVety's fltness
to represent Labor, the Labor
movement of the Province has but
been consulted, and furthermore,
it Is doubtful whether he or anyone else would be endorsed for
uch a mission by tho bona flde
Labor movement of the Province.
This Is by the way, of course,
Tho Attorney General has given
the assurance that following the
proposed conference, if tho other
Provinces will not favor thc eight
hour day for all workers, that the
government will consider something along that line for this Province. Whether such an assurance has any more value than the
pre-election promises made, remains to be seen. At all events,
if the new Election Act passes the
present session—and the indications are that it will—it is quite
possible that eight-hour day election promises may be good for another election".
It may or it may not be of in.
tcrcst to the workers throughout
the Provinco lo learn how their
alleged representatives voted on
the proposition. At a time when
tlie lumber barons of the Province
are realizing moro money than
ever beforc on the saio of lumber,
tho following members voted
against an eight-hour day at this
Bell, Yorston, Nelson, Duncan,
Jackson, Cowper, Sloan, Farris,
Oliver, King,. Macdonald, M, A.,
Sutherland, Manson, Thompson,
Anderson, Macdonald, K. C.,
Weart, MacLean, Pattullo, Hart,
Barrow, Whiteside, Walters, Pauline, Hall, Buckham, Fisher.
The following voted ln favor of
the bill: Pooley, Schofleld, Jones,
McDonald, A., Mackenzie, F. J, A.,
Hanes, Giolma, Burdo, Ross, Bowser, Rose, McKenzie, W. A., Hawthornthwaite, Wilson, Mcintosh,
Mrs. Ralph Smith, although she
promised to vote for the bill, for
some reason or other, was not presont to do so.
As against the action of the B.
C. Legislature, it would be woll to
study, by waj^of comparison, tbe
action of the government of Poland on the same.proposition.. The
government of this Province, would
disdain to bo compared with that
of a backward country like Poland. In that country, despite its
alleged political and economic
backwardness, the eight-hour day
Is enforced by law. Not only that,
the law stipulates a 46-hour week;
when one considers the conditions
of that country during the laat Ave
years, with general depression of
Industry, granting the e!ght.hour
dny, and then considers the action
of the Legislature of this Province
with Its lumbering Industry and
unprecedented prosperity, denying
the same concession to saw mill
workers, It leads, one to the conclusion that our advancement Is as
much pronounced ils a dog's tail,
and in the same direction.
The net result of tbo House turning down the bill amounts.to an
open invitation-to the workers in
the saw mills,, etc., to light for the
eight-hour day by tho use of their
economic- powers. Tho fact that
such an invitation practically
speaking, comes from the attorney
general, so-called minister of Labor, is sufflclent in itself. It Is the
best argument, over advanced to
thc workers to gain the eight-hour
day by the Industrial action route.
Later on tho workers will be listening to preachers, college professors, politicians and Labor mis-
leaders urging them to uso only
'-constitutional    means"    to    gain
their demands. When such a time
occurs, they should bear the abovo
facts ln mind, and furthermore in.
form such advisers that when the
government has an opportunity to
benefit the workers by such means,
lt should do so. Tho old Tory
government used "constitutional
methods'* in defeating tho miners
in tho Vancouver Island strike, and
thero is not the slightest doubt
that should the saw mill workers
endeavor to organize on the job,
for the eight-hour day, that Mr.
Farris will also uphold "the dignity of the law." Meanwhile, it
would bo well for tho workers ln
general to carefully scrutinize tbo
above list of members who voted
for and against tho measure, aud
remember tho samo at the next
election, which may be inside of
one year, and when the respective
members will again be telling them
wbat they have dono for Labor.
Wanted— 5,000 Volunteers
620 Nineteenth Street Eaat,
North Vancouver, B. C.
Editor B. G. Federatlonist: Ian't
lt Urn* wa had a ateady flow of
money to pay the expenses off la
connection with tho men on trial
in tho "Peg," and to feed their
families? Surely we are not going
to let them, go in rags and eat poor
food when wo are working and thoy
uro facing trial on a charge for our
sako. They expressed themselves as
we wanted them and, therefore, I
submit these plans.
I want 5,000 men and women to
volunteer to pay one dollar per
month for one year, and as soon
as you read this letter, dig down
and send your name and address to
the Editor of tho Federatlonist, and
begin to pay on the 1st of April,
and do this determined to stay with
It. It Is not much for each, but will
be a great help to the defense committee.
Tours for the cause,
Sgd.) D. MCLEAN.
Laundry Workors Unit
In point of attendance tho last
meeting of the^Laundry Workers
was the best for some montha.
Among sevoral Items of business
that were taken up, was a communication from the flre chief of
the city, stating that he had Instructed the proprietor oC.ono of
the laundries to erect a Are-escape
immediately, owing to the risk that
thc employees were under through
having no means of exit from tho
upper floor of the building. The
local means to see that this work
Is undertaken without dcluy. The
sick committeo reportod two of the
sisters were down with tho "flu"
and that their needs were being
looked after. The unit voted the
sum of $10 to the sick fund, and
assessed the female members 10c
per woek and the male membera
20c for the same purpose.
The president having sent in hii
resignation, owing to having taken
up farming as a means of livelihood, Fellow-worker WHlcox was
unanimously voted to that? office.
The retiring president, Fellow-
worker J. Little, was presented
with a reading lamp and lantern,
and a hearty vote of thanks was
accorded him for the efficient manner In which he had always conducted the meetings.
The. next meeting of this ult will
bo held on Wednesday, April 14.
All members are asked to attend.
Seventy Communist Women Elected
In Russian Elections—579
of a Majority
Moscow.—Of the 110 deputies
chosen tn the recent election here,
050 were communists, 21 wero sympathizers with Communists, 37
were nonpartisan and eight were
Mensheviki. Eighty deputies were
women, 70 of whom were Communists and 10 nonpartisan.
Judge Robson, who waa appointed to
report on the Winnipeg strike, has fulfilled bis mission, which waa to whitewash
the employing class. Naturally he condemns the Socialists. This could be expected. Waa he not appointed by a capitalistic government, and is not Socialism
the foe of capitalism ? And then we are
warned against raising class hatred, when
the ruling claaa by all its actions prods
the workers in the ribs, and invariably
shows clasa prejudice.
Matinee 2.30
Evenings 8.20
a mi wm •
Famous  Empire Comedy Four
The war for democracy evidently suited it on its way. First it wag Russia, and
since that it looks like a procession.
Diamond Sweaters
PRICE $7.50
Also a nice line of Young Men's Suits, in fancy tweed
and serges $45.00
Men's Underwear, Balbriggan; suit :...$1.50
Men's Underwear, Stanfield's; suit .... — $3.50
Men's Merino Underwear, suit $2.50
Men's Combinations, op from -...$3.00
Men's Brown Duck Pants, double  knees  and
double seats  $3.50
Men's Striped Moleskim __  $3.50
Men's Plain Grey Panto $3.50
W. B. Brummitt
Canadian Clothes
for Canadian Lads
Spring is here, and with it the desire to spruce
Our display of 20th Century Brand Clothing
for young men is the talk of the city.
Clubb & Stewart, Limited
309 Hastings St. West
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
My method of construction la
pcrfectea according ta tia
font—mental principle! at
dental science.
AU plates art theoretically
correct and perfectly adapted
tor comfort and eait of art*—*
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Of ta ovenlnca TlM to llSD a'aleel
Dotal Nur*a la Alliaiaaea.
Granville Street
L'orawr Rabaoa Otwamt
Ovar Onl Dim Staff
PfcoHa Seymoar USS
Opposite tho Orpheum
 n__ ttymu tm
the Baby Vampire
arooBroMTHD uu
Bank of Toronto
AMeti over f 100,000,Mt
Depoettj     79,000,0m
Joint Saving! Account
A JOINT Seringa Intul met ta
Wl •> Tta ha* et Ttrnte
la tta aim* at two or   man
la   tbooo
mrtr au alga ea*,.ee or tiaull
amy. hr tta IKunai miiVm
ol . family or a Ira a Jolal uiml
la ofton • [root eoanaioau. lateral
li old oa haUnooa.
Vaacoutar Bteaaki
Ooraar Baitlnn ttt OMnWt MraM
Branetaa al:
Viotorla,   Moirm.  Me* ~i   alaim
Mt Abbott Street
Qentnl Men'a Brotherhood
Hr. W. O. W. iWtam, B.A, B.D.
General Secretary, People'! Prohibition AjaocUUon
Sololat—Mn. Link
'Musical Recital S:M prn
Pianist: Mr. Leo. Mahrer
Everybody Welcome
Saalar aarrlaoa, 11 am. aai OAO am.
Oe.i.y aaaaol Immadlotolr Mlnta*
moraine earrioa. Wodaeadar taeilauaW
mooting, 8 pja. Pro* miliar room,
tOltoF Birt.   BUi.       ,
PBDRBBB,     FnaUIHlU,     RS-
Daloa oaelala, writo (or prim.  Wa
«i.o BATisncTiox
mat np Phone Seymou aau In
Dr. W. J. Gurry
Mt* Ml Dominion ItfUttg
vanoouvbb, a a
PoUow Ike Orovl te Ita
Patricia Cabaret
Oa* block eut af Enpreii Theatn
Intarprat tha latait »Bg kite, a*
mt*d br tbe Bhbm Jan Bui
Hurt, • p.M. to 1
Supposing yoa vara telepkoatof •
■tore and you get tw the OMOm,
"HelloI" would yoa proceed to ate*
rear order or would you inquire, 'Ii
tbat Suandao'st" At tha can* Wm
you would think how much better B
wonld hare bean had the porwa replied with th* nam* of tha at*r*.
Had he dono to, jro« would d*ah
hare said to youn tit, ' 'Now, that	
la np to date; he knowe how ta aar
e«er tlie telephone properly.**
Yet bow many people Mart aat
"Hello I'' nerer reallaiuf tkat tt
aoanda brusque and that it aba later-
ferai with efficient telephone serrice
444 Main Street
18-20 Cordova Street W. FRro<Y April 2,  mo      .
tweuwhtear. no. i4    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouve*,**^
These are good for Six Dayi Only, Commencing Saturday,
April 3rd
Del Monte Peaches, tia . .300
Del Monte Pears, tin SSo
Del Monte Apricots, tin .30o
Del Monte Asparagus, tin 23c
Eoirle Brand Milk,     e> t
per Un   —IC
Del Monte Pork and Beans,
per tin  ir,o
Del Monte Ketchup, bot..33o
Carnation Milk, tall tin . ,15c
Carnation Milk, email tin 7 %o
Quaker Tomatoei,      _ Q .__
2'i-lb. tin      IOC
Cottage Peanut Butter,
slasa    ago
Nabob Coffee, per tin .. .«8o
Braid's Best Coffee, tin . ,09c
Krlnkle Corn
Flakes, per pkt    — .
Woodward'e Better Coffee,
per ib S7o
Campbell's Vegetable Soup,
per tin   151^0
Van Camp's Clam Chowder
Soup, per tin llo
Wild Rose Pastry
Flour, 10-lb. tO*.
sack *    iaC
Helntz Pork and Beans,
per tin  .130
Helntz Ketchup, bottle . ,35o
Cream of Wheat, pkt....soo
Crape Nuts, per pkt. ... IBo
New Excolsior Dates, pkt. 22o
New Dromedary Dates,
per pkt ,,....38o
Jars Chinese Ginger .... ,55c
Van Camp's Tomato Soup,
sr uu
▲unt Jemima's Pancake
Flour, per pkt 18^0
Maybloom Tea, lb 5So
Blue Ribbon Peaches,
per lb. pkt aio
Creamettes Macaroni Ql_
per pkt   a 2 C
Ramsay's Soda Biscuits,
per pkt goo
Large Sealers Finest Olives,
per bottle 45o
Clark's Spaghetti and Cheese,
por tin 18a
Shelled Almonds, H-lb.
pkt 38a
Shelled Walnuts, y_-lb.
pkt SOo
Wugstaff's Pure Strawberry
r:.!-.'b:,... $1.18
C. * S. Seal Coffee, 1-lb.
tin 61o
Woodward's Better Tea,
per lb. 51o
Woodward's Extra Choice
Tea, per lb Mo
Woodward's Choice Tea,
per lb ite
Farina (similar to Cream of
Wheat), 6-lb. Af.
sack  Tvv
cadbury's Puro Cocoa,
..-lb. tin  38a
Alberta Creamery Butter No.
1, por lb 74c
Premium Bacon, lb. 640
Boneless Cottaga Rolls,
per lb 400
Picnic Hams, Small size,
por Ib.    320
Ontario Primrose Cheese,
per lb 3<a
Troco-Oleo for cooking,
per lb. 38o
Swift's Pure Silver Leaf Lard,
per lb 350
No. 1 Eating Apples, 3 lbs.
for  2Sc
No. 1 Sunklst Lemons,
per dos.   sic
Finest Preserved Ginger,
per lb 48o
Sweet Oranges, per doz, . .150
Extra Largo Oranges, per
doz. n 65c and 75o
Grape Fruit, t for  15o
Roasted Peanuts, per lb. ,23o
SEEDS—Grow your own vegetables. We have a large and
varied stock of Flower and Vegetable Seeds, Grass Seeds, Onion
Sets, Seed Potatoes, Rhubarb Roots, etc., all at lowest prices.
History of the Winnipeg General Strike   ( \
May and June, 1919
Giving tha true'facts and all tk* details. A book that should
be ln every home. Over 300 pages of the most Interesting reading ever published. Send your orders to James Law, Secretary
DeCense Committoe, Room 4, 220 Bannatyno Avenue.
Procrastination does not pay, there is danger ln delay, the best
time Is today.  DO IT NOW.
Prices:   Bundle orders, 840 per 100 copies, ttt ter 50 copies,
$15 per 25 copies, single copies 50c each.   All charges prepaid.
"The Searchlight"
j ******************************^^^^^**t^^.^^^m*^^m i
A Labor Paper published in Calgary, Alberta,
supporting' the 0. B. U. and all progressive
Labor policies.
Send along your subscription to "The Searchlight,"
P. 0. Box 1508, Calgary, Alberta
A. E. Smith Advises the
Workers to Take No
"A Song of Hops" opened tho
F. L. P. meeting at the Royal on
Sunday evening, and "Th« People's
Flag" closed it. Both were lung
with a will by the large audience;
and the two houra between were vibrant with the sentiments therein
expressed—intensified, rather than
diminished, by the week-end's casualty Hst from Winnipeg.
A* B. Smith of Brandon was tho
principal speaker, und his topic
was "The Big IiesBons of the Winnipeg Strike," which he dealt with
all the more impressively, perhaps,
by reason of the moderation of his
language and the absence of anything in the nature of hysterical
There waa nothing- to be gained,
he laid, by posing in heroic attitude «t this time, It was a day of
great movements that had in themselves integral values and did not
depend on any man or set of men.
A mere holiday in the government
boarding house would make smajl
difference, though it would inflict
unmerited sorrow. What really
mattered was "the thing behind.
Fifty years ago it was an age of
small movements and great men;
today they had great movements
and small men. No amount of the
"overhead control system" would
affect the destiny of those move'
A verdict had been delivered at
Winnipeg which the speaker had
not expected could-be delivered in
this country? "It has the earmarks, it seems to me, of an Instruction, not a verdict," he remarked, and then added, amid
laughter, "I don't say that, but I
venture to say that It is in the
minds of 95 per cent, of the audience at this momont." Ivens
was his personal friend, and he
unhesitatingly repudiated the idea
that he was a guilty man. "In his
soul he has never planned nor
hoped for any Injury to come to
any man." And the speaker
thought the same could be said
of the others. However, it was
not the time for any foolish
word or frantic boast; but to study
the phenomena.
As a "flrst text," he took the recent remark of Lloyd Georgo—"one
of the men who Is gently sliding
down the pipe"—that they could
take no chances in these revolutionary days. "That is Just as much
truth for you and me; it is a
very wise expression for the proletariat too." It was made to the Liberals, who hoped to bring Britain
back to pre-war days, which the
speaker declared "will never be."
His "second text" was from Arthur Henderson/ "We must begin
to think and talk of terms of responsibility." In their struggle for
control, which was surely going to
be successful, they should avoid
doing "the things that will afford
the enemy his chance to practice
violence when he is deposed, on the
ground that we practised It in deposing him." "The time Is coming
when the Institutions of society will
be under control of the people. It
will then be the people demanding
that the courts and other institutions shall have respect shown to
them. Therefore it is for us to discover the ground—the abiding basis
of sanctity. Sanctity cannot be artificial; It must not be based upon
tho amount of fluff and fur and
lium-doodlery of the functionaries
that do the bidding of the court
It must be based on the abiding
confidence of the people in Its
cloar-eyed and unsquinting Justice.
When the court Itself destroys that
confidence, what claim can It have
to sanctity?" The- speaker con
tihiied to elaborate the theme,
causing some amusement by call
ing attention to the fact that he
was "reading notes"—to avoid
There were too places whore the
law was made. Ono was Parliament, supposed to constitute a representative government — though
the term might be a misnomer. The
other was the law court, which
was in effect a Legislature, In that
it made law which henceforward
could be referred to as a precedent.
Under such conditions, counsel had
declared that a reactionary power
in government nt. any time could
sweep into the jails any opposing
Sainton FlslOng
Editor B, C. Federationist: Our
fish-flavored aristocracy art proving themselveB to be, If not the
wisest nor tbo brightest, assuredly
"the meanest of mankind," They
seem to be bereft of all sense of
honor and feelings of shame—If
they ever had any. The appetite
of those subservient alaves of insatiable greed grows by what it feeds
f seek to carry out his IdtM by riot
or bloodshed.
"In a singlo phrase Socialism
moans public ownership of the
means of production and working-
class control of the government. A
chance to work for all who wilt and
to ail workers the full value of their
product. The typical Socialist Is
a rather quiet and thoughtful work-
ing'man, serene ln time Of trouble
on.   For years they have been de*Jand self-contained In day   of   vie-
spoiling the fisheries until now tho
end is ln Bight, but they ara not yet
satisfied. In their lust for gold they
are stretching out their hands to
soil them still more by pilfering the
small earnings of tha ex-service
fishermen. HlT^^^^^
During tha war these men, who
neither toiled nor spun, amassed
enormous fortunes. While we were
facing the Huns through summer's
heat and winter's cold ln tho
trenches of Flanders, these fiaft
magnates were living comfortably
at homo on the fat of the land, depleting the fisheries and profiteering at the expense 0/ our families.
Since our return we find that,
owing to the unlimited use of seines
and flsh traps for the last four
years, it is a good deal harder to
make a living at fishing now than
It was before the war. We are
finding ft mighty hard to get established in civil Ufe again. Tet these
patriots for revenue would only
make it still harder for us by
putting an embargo oh raw salmon,
so that they may buy our flsh at
their own price. They would have
us, like Lazarus, content to eat the
crumbs that fail from their tables.
And if we are spineless enough to
submit tamely to such a flagrant In
fringement of our rights, wo deserve tho fate of Lazarus, tok rot
with the dogs.
Is tliis the treatment that we deserve at the hands of these men?
Is this the thanks we get for all
our sacrifices? O yo gods! What
gall! What "ingratitude! I would
rather be a louse on the tail of a
dog-salmon than an ingrate who ia
guilty of such base ingratitude and
such contemptible conduct.
The arguments by which they
try to bolster up thoir case are entirely inadequate.
Through our winning the war the
sain« world's market that is open
to the American packers is open to
the British Columbia packers.
Through the cheap fish that they
get from their seines and traps ln
British Columbia tho B. C. packers
can afford to pay a higher price for
the fish than the Americans. The
Americans are under considerable
expense in fitting out seaworthy
vessels as fish carriers, furnishing'
them with ice, and coming hundreds of miles to collect the fish.
The B. C. packers are saved all this
expense because they are right here
on the ground and can buy the fish
at the cannery door.
In conclusion, let me add that If
the fisheries of British Columbia
are to be preserved for future generations, we must do away with
seines and fish traps altogether, and
fish with gill nets and trolling lines
only. And let the canners buy the
flsh from thc fishermen at the open
markot price. For why should they
be singled out as a favored class
and given tlie privilege to despoil
the pantries of those who fought
and bled for their country?
Itead Island, B. C, March 22.
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized $ 25,000,000
Capital Paid-up  $ 16,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 17,000,000
Total Asset*._  $460,000,000
690 branchei in Canada, Newfoundland and Britiih
Weit Indiei.
Alio branchei in London, England; New Tork City and
Barcelona, Spain.
Fourteen branchei in Vancouver:
Main Offloe—Corner Hastings and Homer Street,.
Comer Main and Hastings Streeta.
Cornor OranviUe and Bobson Streeta.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway Weit.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Davie Streets.
Comer OranviUe and Seventh Avenne Wert.   ■,
1050 Commercial Drive,
Corner Seventeenth Avenne aad Mail Street.
2016 Tew Street.
Comer Eighth Avenne aad Maia Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Kingsway Branch and 25th Aveaoa Branch.
Also—North Vancouver; New ■Westminster and 29 other
points in British Columbia. -
Oae dollar opens an account on which intereat is paid hall-yearly
nt current rates.
Manager Vanconver Branch
O. W. PHAZEE, Vancouver,
Supervisor for B, OL
J As to the judge's remark that
l"the grass waa dry" and therefore
It wns a crime to throw the spark,
the speaker suggested that tho fundamental question was: "What has
made the grass dry?" R. B. Russell did not produco the condition
of mental drought.
"Putting a man in prison for the
opinions he holds In his soul de-
stroys tho whole purpose of pena-
logy," the speaker declared, that
purpose being, not punishment, but
reformation and reclamation. "Confining a political offender with the
thief and the cracksman undermines tha very fundamentals of
the penal system." Such a man
was a misfit in any prison; on the
other hand, there was the psychological effect on the craftsman or
their Inmate.
"Siberia produced Russia," the
speaker declared: If they wanted
the conditions of Russia In this
country, they had only to produco
Siberia to securo them. (Applause.) And as to rapidity of results, he pointed out that in botany,
"the flower is produced with lightning rapidity compared with
growth at the root stage."
In tho latter part of his address,
the speaker raised the question as
Ballard's Furniture Store
1024    MAIN    STBEET
Phon* Stymour 2137
We will eidaingt yoar leeond hsmi
fnrnltQTO for new.   A liutrt dttl or
■jo-t momj back.
Editor B. C Foderationist: Will
you kindly allow me space in your
enterprising Journal to address
these few lines to my old friends
and school mates who are numbered among your readers?
I wish to quote reliable authority
on a subject which I think is some
what misunderstood by your rend'
ors, and perhaps quite unpopular
as a consequence.
On the subject I now have In
mind .the eleventh edition of the
Encyclopedia Brltannica has the
following to say:
"Socialism is that policy
thoory which alms at securing by
thc action of the central democratic
authority a better distribution and
in due subordination thereto a better production of wealth than now
The new International Encyclopedia gives us the following detlni-
"As the term is now used Socialism Js an ideal economic system in
which industry Is carried on under
social direction aud for the benefit
of society as a whole. Tt is contrasted with thc competitive regime
of existing society."
Johnson's Universal Cyclopedia
enlightens us thus:
"Socialism is a moral reform. It
ia the vices of mankind and the
miseries resulting from these vices
to wliich Socialism wishes to put
an end. And It seeks ita means
not In a new religious Issue, but in
a new sociul organization."
In view of the above is it not a
little strange thnt there is so much
misunderstanding and so much opposition to the Socialist movement.
But for those who are misinformed and are sincere In their opposition to socialism, please allow
mo to further quote . The American Year Book Cyclopedia and Atlas says:
"No word has been more abused
and misunderstood than the word
Socialist. The Socialist is not an
anarchist. They are opposed In
theory and practice.
"The Socialist doea not propose to
destroy the family, abolish religion
or divide up property, nor does he
to whether there was a plot on
foot to disrupt the labor movement,
and pointed to indications that such
was the case. "Russell was the
best man to select for the delivery
of the blow, because of his extreme
Socialist opinions. The creating of
prejudice was as much part of the
manoeuvre as the actual bringing
of evidence." The right response
waa the closing up of the ranks.
"Let us atand more firmly together
than ever before."   (Applause.)
If there wu widespread sedition In the world, let the government assemble the people and aek
them the reason. Te repress waa
simply te solidify the consciousness
of the people. There wu the pathway of love and comradeship on
one hand, and the path of solflsh-
titm and enmity en the other. Hi
1M4 they took tbe pathway of hate.
Along which were tbey going to
move today?'
tory. lie realises that the worid
will move on very well after he is
dead. But remembers that while he
lives it is his business te help the
world move.
"Ue considers himself an ally of
oternal laws of naturo and is proud
te do his Uttle part In the great
Webster's International dictionary: "Socialism: A theory or system of social reform which contemplates a complete reconstruction of
society with a more just and equitable distribution of property and
labor, in popular usage the term is
often used to indicate any lawless
revolutionary social schemes."
Standard dictionary: "Socialism
Is a theory of civil polity that aims
to secure the reconstruction cf soolety, increase of wealth, more
equal distribution of the products
of labor through tlie collective
ownership pf land and capital and
the public collective management
of all industries. Its motto Is
everyone according to hia deeds.
Now, isn't that some motto?
Pretty hard to Improve on that, I
I have made a careful study of
the subject for about 12 years and
have had the pleasure to read not
less than two dozen books written
on the subject by many of the best
writers, both ancient and modern.
I am also quite well acquainted
with many of the different Socialist
papers circulating in the United
States and Canada and I truly believe that once one comes to thoroughly understand the Socialist aim
he is bound to become a heart and
soul supporter of the movement.
I rebelled against Socialism myself for three years, all because I
didn't understand.
After that time I was so lucky as
to get a copy of a small book cafed
"What's So and What Isn't." _Wa
book can be purchased today from
Charles H. Kerr & Co., 341-349 E.
Ohio Street, Chicago. Price 60c,
1 This book cleared away all misunderstanding on my part, answering hnd discussing every possible
Objection that can be raised against
I advise any of my frienda and
your readers who wish to get a per-
*t understanding of tho most Im-
drtpnt, most widespread and most
lUmane   movement   ln   the   world
oday to send direct to tho publish-
ra knd secure the book mentioned.
I have quoted authority enough
oro. to convince anyone that   tlie
usat  charges  made   against   So-
ifxiVsm, such as violence, dividing
of property, abolishing   the   marriage relation, and general tad citizenship, are all false,
Surely it is evident that when a
cause with so higli and noble an
object is so persistently slandered,
lied about and persecuted aa ours is
today by the reactionary faioney
power every thoroughly good citizen should make a personal investigation of the trutli or falsehood
In the matter and tako a positive
and decided stand on tho side of
truth and Justice.
Heartily thanking you for the
space I have monopolized ln your
valued paper, I am,
Radvfllc, Snst., March 20.
Ladies' BlackJKid Shoes
with light soles and
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on Bale at	
Lacties' Brown Calf
Shoes with Cuban heels.
Splendid walking shoe, on
sale at  —_.„$6.45
Ladies' Black Pateat
Oxfords, welted spies
with Cuban or Louis
heel, on sale at $6.96
Misses' Brown Calf bals
with rubber soles. Regular $5.76 on sale -$445
Paris All-Leather
Footwear is the
Cheapest in the End
Values Like These
AA Money in Yonr
Men's Heavy Work
Boots. This is exceptional value at $5.95
Men's Brown Calf
Shoes; good looking;
good wearing.   Regular
$10.00 at - $7.95
Money Spent on Repairing is Saved—
Try Ours
Child's Black Button or
Lace Shoes. Regular S3.50
and I4.U0 linee.
Sizes 5-7'/j at $2.20
Sizes 8-10^ at $2.60
Men's Gun Metal Fine
Shoes. light weight On
sale at $6.95
Men's Fine Shoes in
Mack calf with broad
toe.   Regular $10.00,
on sale at $745
We Make Any Style
of Shoe to Order-
Fit Guaranteed
Child's Broun Gall Lace
Shoe*—Rt_. valaea M.7*
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SlaeaS- TM .......»J.tl
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Tlie Winnipeg Case
Editor B. C. Federationist: Now
that the jury in Winnipeg have returned their verdict to the effect
that the accused men have been
loyal to the working clans, perhaps it would be Just as well for
the. workers of Canada to decide
upon a line of action that would
prove to the whole world that labor
In Canada is loyal to Its spokesmen,
who havo been tested and whose
loyalty Is indisputably proven. To
contribute a dollar or so to a "defence fund" may be a very laudable
action as a process for testing the
"justice" of the legal proceedings,
but after the mon have been found
guilty, what are we going to do
about It. I suggest the Immediate
formation of a committee composed
of. ono delegate from each of tho
lahor organizations throughout the
whole of Canada, to meet at the
most central place suitable, with
full power to cali a general strike
or to tnko whatever action the majority of them decide.
At the Emprem
Oh, boys. Next week Margaret
Marriott will be a Baby Vampire
in "Upstairs and Down," and after
reading over her part we'll say
she's going to be some baby vampire. You hnve all read ln the
maKuzirieg so mttch about the unique plot of "Upstairs and Down"
that it Is useless for us to tell you
Anything about the wonderful
comedy, but listen! In one of tho
acta the entire company appear In
bathing suits, and that means you
are going to see some variety of—
suits. We, personally, guarantee
('that   "Upstairs   and   Down"   will
Jeep you in one spasm of laughter,
or If London and New Tork knew
Anything about shows, it's a world
liekter. In the plot Dan Cupid
' 'Isits the society people upstairs,
i nd the servants downstairs, and
i hen gets his wires crossed so bad,
yAh. forgets who's who, and the
complications arise so fast that
every one in the story Is so mixed
up they don't really know who
they are. You'll laugh, scream and
yell at "Upstairs and Down," and
Margaret as the Vamp, will be
worth tht money alone, so order
your seats right now, for "Upstairs and Down" will be another
Chicago.—A co-operattve printing paint whieh will eventually be
big enough to tako ear* of all the
nnlon and Labor party printing In
tho city haa boon opened horo on
the Bochdale plan. Stock to tha
amount of IM.00I wtn ba taken by
practically every union in tha city.
H wm aanaaneod. Article* ef Incorporation have been drawn up by
Attorney WUttam Rodrtguea.
Co-operative Congress Declares Must Support
Socialist Party
(By the Federated press)
Rome.—Declaring that the So.
cialist party is the only political
power capable of realizing the eo
operative programme, the national
council of the federation of
operatives in convention here has
declat'ed a close alliance with that
party, Following is the resolution
'Whereas the realization of social programmes Is a problem of
political power, and the working
class Is tho only one wliich is interested in thc total elimination of
middlemen between producers and
consumers, and uf the solution of
the social problem;
"Whreas ln Italy the excellent
policy of the socialization of the
means of production' and exchange
is held particularly by the Socialist
party, allied to the General Fed
eration of Labor, which during the
last elections was the sole force
opposing the merchants, the members of the commercial classes, the
masters of industry, the landlords,
and in short, all the social elements
which co-operation seeks to eliminate;
"Whereas the co-operative societies should adhere more and more
clearly to the movement of Resistance, in order to intensify tlie proletarian attempt to intensify the
proletarian attempt at self-liberation, and also in order to gain the
confidence pf the proletariat, so
that It may use the means of consumption, production, lahor, exchange amUrredit, in a socially controlled fashion;
"Be lt resolved that the executive
council of the federation declares
lis sympathy with the General Federation of Labor and with the
Italian Socialist party, in order to
Join the three movements in international, national and local solidarity between the old and new organizations of the defense, and progress of the working class in the
realization of common claims;
"And In order to intrust to a
singlo organ—the parliamentary
Socialist group—tho legislative and
parliamentary action necessary to
the realization of the aims of the
co-operative body."
Barbaric Governments Getting Together on a Prc-War Mutual
Intei'CKt Bauds
An article appearing in The Parts
Temps, semi-official organ of thc
government, recommended In distinct terras that France recognize
tht only group In Turkey now
standing for her Independence, the
Young Turks.
It waa this party which, under
the leadership of Enver Bey and
Talaat Bey, virtually deposed the
sultan, brought Turkey into the
war, and deliberately carried out
tho hideous massacres In which
nearly a million Armenians of both
sexes and all ages were slaughtered.
The delay ln imposing peace terms
hu enabled them to recover from
the crushing defeat Inflicted In the
war, and they are now once more
In full control of the Turkish state,
confident and defiant.
Grand Forks, N. D.-~In the flrst
municipal election In which the
organized workers have taken part,
Henry O'Keefe, labor candidate for
mayor, last by only SI votea.
O'Keefe received a majority of the
votes eaat by men, but the fallare
ot women In the labor wards ta
eome ta the polls defeated htm.
When through with this paper,
1 pass It on.
Ride to
W.H. Mormoi
Atwta (or Uaaaey Hurt.
108 Hutingi Stmt A
Vancouver, B, 0.
Entirely new stock of
first-class machines at
excellent quality.
All Oars Pass the Door—Opposite Pantages
Selection and
Low Prices
Watch Our Daily Ads for
The management of this Market are able to
make special purchases from time to time of
large quantities of certain goods at a low price.
Whenever thkis possible we put it out to the
publie at minimum profit.
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings SL W.      r.      Vancouver, B. C PAGE SIX
twelfth tear. no. u   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    unoouvbb, b. c.
.April  »,   1»*C
Read9 Learn and
Inwardly Digest
i—gc Metcalfe's Charge to Uie Jury in thc Russell Trial, u
eomiKU-cU  ivltli  CAVE in Rex  TS.  BVRNS,  ENGLAND,   1886.
Russell Trial and Labor's Rights
■xaminatlon and statement of Law, and Review of Justico Metcalfe's Charge to the Jury, hi Trial of R. B. Russell, at Winnipeg, December, 1919.
Pricos for tht above pamphlets are as under:—
Bundle orders, $5.00 por 100 copies, 85c per doaen copies;
Magic copies 10c tuch.   Freight and postage extra.
Two in One
ilcknowledged to be the most eloquent ahd historic address ever
delivered in tho courts of Manitoba.
Bundle orders, $18 per 100 copies, $5.00 per 25 copies; single
copies, 25c each.    All charges prepaid.
To ensure a copy of tho above pamphlets, placo your orders
early with James Law, Secretary of the Defense Committee,
Room -1, 220 Bannatyne Avenue.
Single copies can be obtained in Vancouver at the Federationist Office.
The One Big Union
Published by the Winnipeg Central Labor Council
Bead tbe Hews ftom the Prairie Metropolis
Subscription priee $2.00 per year; $1.00 for six months
Addreu all communications to
9, HOUSTON, Suite 2, Bulman Block, 320 Bannatyne Avenuo
Winnipeg, Manitoba
Interchurch World Move-
Gets Millions to Counteract Socialism
Wahsington—Support of the Interchurch world movement by the
great financial interests of this
country in a campaign against
Radicalism is assured, according to
an announcement made by the directors of the movement.
"Fearing a rapid spread of Bolshevism from infected areas overseas, kings of American finance
and industry have thrown millions
of dollars into the scales to back
the humanitarian programme pro-
jet ced through the Interchurch
world movoment," the statement
reads. "The wealth of Wall street,
represented by the chief multimillionaire groups, has been par.
tially pledged to insure the success of proposal:.' to cope with the
'Keds' and kindred evils, by unity
of action among thirty distinct
church denominations, embracing
memberships of more than 25,-
"John D. Rockefeller, Jr., pledged the support of 'big business' toward the new world movement,
and declared that the present interchurch survey, directed against
Radicalism, is 'the moat thorough,
comprehensive and far-reaching
ever devised to stem the tide of
evil now rampant in Europe.""
It is announced that Mr. Rockefeller and others have assured the
More About the Regina Library Raid
[By Geo. Broadley, Reglna, Sask.jfno propaganda with which student*
of economics kave not    been    fa-
ON the day following the debate
In the House of Commons Introduced by Mr. McMaster,
member for Brpme, on the question
of the raid of the Regina Carnegie
Library, Hon. Mr. Rowell was reported in the daily press to have
ridiculed the idea that such a raid
had taken place and defended .the
action of the Mounted Police in removing the books published hy the
Kerr Company of Chicago.
Hansard Reports
According to the Hansard Reports of March 12, Mr. Rowell replied to Mr. McMaster in part as
follows: "I did see a report in the
press that a raid had occurred on a
public library in Saskatchewan.
. . . It came to my attention
through the press and I asked for
u report upon it. . . . During
the censorship ordors which were
in force during the period of the
war . . . certain books and
periodicals were put on the prohibited list, because they were considered to be of a treasonable, seditious character; or wertjof suijh a
character as would tend to militate
against Canada's war efforts.
"There was an American publishing house which published large
numbers of these books, and as I
recall the matter the Department of
the Censor, after prohibiting a
number of these particular publications found that this publishing
house was sending In books of a
different character—books to which
there had been no objection—but
was accompanying these books by
seditious pamphlets that were on
the prohibited list. The Department of the Censor reached the
conclusion   that  the  only  way  to
Interchurch officials of "support (ieui effectively with this house-it
without stint» They consider that Wflg Kerr & Qo q( Chicag0_wa8 tc
he efforts of government agencies        wwt booka   publlahed   bj
to deal with the "Reds" have met    - - 	
at least with partial failure, and
now "urge that no cheese-paring
policy be followed."
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—Pmideot, T. S. Midgley;
fiw-prtBidiot. J. lUrthill; tecrtury, J.
B. Campbell; treuurer, J. Shtw; itr-
a»ftut*ftl-«nu, Z. King; trim tun. W. A.
ftlUkvi, 3. 8. Uentm, 3. H. Clerk, A.
3. WilMB.
ei)—Meets    leeond    Monday    Id    tbe
■•nth.    Preaident, J. V. McConnell; tec-
taistj, R. g. NeelamU, P. O. Box 66.
u4 RenlorcW Inmworken, Local 07
v-MmU   aeooad    and   fourth   Mondaya.
FmMaat   Jaa.   Haatlnfe;   financial   aee-
setanr and treaiurer, Roy Maaiecar, Room
21i Labor Temple.
Lumber Industry (tamp and mill)
■aet with fellow workers in that industry. Organise into tho Lumber Workers
Industrial Union of tho O. B. U. Bead-
quarters, 61 Cordova St. W., Vancouver.
Phone Ser- IQTit.	
MeeU avary flrat aad third Thursdays
ha tba month. Proa. A. 3. Wilson. See.*
feu, J. R. Caupboll, Room 310 Ubor
Temple.   Oflee hours, I a.m. te 6 pja.
Pheae Say. 301,	
ployeaa, Loul *8—Meets every flrst
Wednesday in the month at 3:80 p.m.
and every third Wednetday In the month
•t t p.». Prosldent, John (Jammings,
eeeretMry and business agent, A. Oraham.
Oflee aad meeting hall, 614 Pender St.
W. Phone Bey. 1661. Oftee hours, 6
aja. to 6 p-m.
rotary,   J.   D.   Russell,    »28   Commercial
Drive.    Phone High. 2204B.
Fasteners, l.L.A. Loeal Union 88A,
Bar., s 5—Meets the 2ud and 4th Fridays
of the month. Labor Temple, 8 p.m.
President, William Mayler; financial sec-
n-Ury a.ul business Sgent, tl. Phelps;
wrrt-fcr-oiidlng secretary,  W. Lee.    Offlce,
Rooia_g 07   Labor Temple. .
hmployres, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meets A. O. F. Hall, Mount Pleasant.
1st and 3rd Mondays at 10.15 a.m. and 7
p.m. President, R. Rigby; recording
secretary, F. E. Oriffln, 447—6th Avenne
Eaat; tteaaaror, F. nidawar; financial
lecretary nnd business agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4308 Dumfries Street; offlco corner
Prior and Main SU. Phone Fair 8604 R.
Meets Ust Sunday ot eaeh month at
3 p.m. President. W. S. Thomson; vice-
president, C. H. Collier; secretary-treasurer,  R. H. Neelands,  Boi   00.
Three Million Dollars
Worth of Munitions
Were for Denekine
the O. B. U. meet In their union hall
at 14 Cordova St. W., every First and
Third Wednesday in tbe month. President V. Owens; vice-president, D. Carlin;
secretary, Earl King.  Phone Sey. 3698.
an' Union—Meets 2nd and 4th Frl-
iktys, $0$ Labor Temple. President, W.
WHaon, 2389 OranvUle Street; secreUry.
B. T. Kelly, 1860 Hastings St. E.; re-
aaidiac-seereUry, L. Holdsworth, 689—
14th St. W., North Vancouver.
Union of the One Big Uaion—Aflliated
With B. O. Federation of Ubor and
Vancouver Tradea and Labor Council—
An indaatrial uaion ef all workers in
lagging and asnatraetlon camps. Head-
«wrUu, 61 Oerdova Street Wast, Van-
Saver, B. C. Phoae Sey. 7866. , E.
Wtaefa, secretary-tr.e.urer; legal advisers. Measra. Bird, Macdonald k Oa., Van-
aeuv*T, B. O.; auditors, Messrs. Batter
k Cbleue, Vancouver, B. C.
Provincial Unions
this house, coming into Canada.
. . . It was brought to tho attention of the Mounted Police that
there were books published by this
house in the library at Reglna and
they were asked to investigate the
matter. They did so; they spoke
to the librarian about the matter
and the statement that thero was a
raid upon the library Ib incorrect.
There was no raid upon the library.
They were given some of the books
and the police transmitted such as
were considered possibly objectionable to the office of the Chief Cen-
s6t\ at Ottawa, in order that they
might be passed upon. 1 did not
see tho books and 1 do not khbw
what it was thought was objectionable.    The matter came to my ut-
Washington.-The American ship  '<fi0" °,nly,"""'^l™"';   '   i  *
The whole story in   tho  press—in-
Omr.k, bearing a cargo of military sp|re(1 „0 douM by ltlose who want.
supplies valued at $3,000,000, has ed to criticize the action ot thc gov-
bcen seized by the Soviet Russian j ernment—was without any ,.real
authorities at the Black Sea port of i foundation and tho rellectioltw 'on
Novorossyk. | the administrations of   tho   police
Tho Omsk sailed from the were wholly unwarrnanted. * The
United States many weeks ugo with polico were Blmply carrying out an
official expectation that she would order promulgated by the govern-
be able to deliver her cargo to the ment for the protection of the.pub-
hard-pressed Denikine forces in lie Interest during the war w ..od,
time to affect the situation thero.  and wore investigating tho ch»r. c-
In view of the utter collapse of ter of these books."
the Denikine movement, It Is said' Ko-stotemcnt of Facts'"'
the Soviet Government Is willing to       ... .,        , ,,.    ..t,„ii ,.
negotiate for the return of the As the writer of this article. Is
Omsk and her cargo. I the same person who gavo out the
Now war department officials are ! only story to the pross of the raid,
trying to flgure out how the ves- wWoh appeared—on tho personal
sel can be recovered without extending some form of recognition
to the Moscow government.
invitation of G. H. Chipman, oditor
. of the Grain Growers' Guide, whero
j tho Btory flrst appeared—it might
add to a clearer realization of the
miliar ever since Karl Maix and
Charles Darwin gave to the world
the result of their masterly, scientific investigations aad which have
dono more to make the world safe
for democracy than tke late war.
This, perchance, may not he accepted by Mr, Rowell and his friends,
who desire, apparently, that mankind Bhould be like Peter Pan and
"never grow up." But, be that as
it may, upon, the right of Canadian
citizens to a knowledge of theBe
principles or theories and their
right to discuss them publicly, as
well as privately, there Is no difference of opinion amongst that section of the people who profess to
have been engaged in a five and a
half years' world war, to "make
the world safe for democracy."
Seventhly, Mr. Rowell's cheap
sneer that "the whole story in the
press was inspired, no doubt, by
those who wanted to criticize the
government, is on a part with a
very common attitude of many who
have climbed to the seats of the
mighty, who act on the principle
that "He who dares my office to
abuse, like whlt-lcater will I cut
up his hide." Such deliberately disregard the fa'ct that these are the
only methods of protest for those
who "fear for the sacredness of the
ark" of democracy and who recognize in these frequent police raids
of private residences und public libraries, from which literature sanctified by age, is removed under
sanction of our representatives, who
were elected to protect those sacred
rights of a free pr» ss and freedom
of speech—which are our boasted
I Seasons for Censorship
In a previous article I made the
charge that (ji$ underlying cause of
this attempt to perpetuate a censorship ten months after the war
was over, was merely an attempt
to suppress a particular book, Included in tbe raid, without naming
it. The hook Ib entitled "The History of Canadian Wealth," by
Gustavus Myers; which at the time
of the first announcement of the
Kerr censorship had only a circulation of three hundred copies.
At the time this flrst announcement appeared that "The History
of Canadian Wealth" was under the
ban I endeavored to procure a copy
from a well-known publishing
house in Winnipeg; but was unable
to purchase it on account of their
inability to securo a renewal of
their stock. During the following
summer, while in Winnipeg, t was
permitted by the same publishers
to peruse correspondence from the
C. H. Kerr Company, Chicago, in
which they stated that they were
unable to fill Canadian orders, and
their understanding of thc ban
upon their literature was to prevent the circulation in Canuda of
Myers "History of Canadian
History or Canadian Fortunes
The above hook, which was published a year or more before the
wnr is in no sense pro-German literature, is merely what the title
describes It to be. It tells the story
of the manipulations, steals, treachery and other methods pursued by
Canadian exploiters in securing
control of Canada's resources. Many
Canadian family histories are described, established by state and
other documentary evidence; but
only deals with the period up to
Confederation.   In a second volume
A "Leave Seattle" Movement Is Benig Urged to
Repel Anti-Labor Move
Seattle—Wholesale emigration
from Seattle by union workers may
be organised Labor's answer to
the anti-Labor flght being prosecuted through tho Associated Industries of Seattle, Judging from
developments here during the last
few days.
Efforts of the employers to
lengthen the working week from
44 to 48 hours has resulted in the
walkout of 1000 men In five ma,
chine shops here, and the departure of several hundred other mechanics for eastern cities, where
they have been assured of union
conditions. The "Leave Seattle"
movement will assume huge proportions unless the anti-union
forcos cease their activities, the
employers 'are being warned
through the Labor press and in
personal Interviews with Labor executives.
•nd Lnbor Council—Meets flnt and
third Wednt-idsyi, Knights of FythlM
Hall, North Park Street: at 8 p.m. Preildent, K. 8. Woodward; vicc-prmident,
A. O. Pike; Becretary-treasurer, Christian
gircrti, P. O. Boi 802, Victoria, B. C.
misleading character of Mr. Row-
TO JAIL ACCOMMODATION lf.refli\iya/ef£TT™';T. ! ^author proposes to bring the
-   - "^VS     ,C ™.rn        ""tory UP to date,    which   deals
spot, and additional Information re-       h        ^ h
yarding the same.
In the first placo Mr. Howell
omitted to mention in his explanation that the "raid" took place In
Choicest Spirits of America Aro Ib
Jail in the Great (?) American Democracy
COUNCIL, O. B. U— MeeU every legend and fonrth T.eid.y in the O. B. U.
Hell, eorner Sixth avenue nnd Pulton
Itreet, at 8 p.m. Heetlnn open to nil O.
B. U. memberi, Secretlrf-trcunrur, D. !
8. Cimeron. Box 217, Prince Rnpert. B.C.
London-—"If we were to go to
the United "States I should have to September last—ten  months aftor
>nrill1'—. Loeal «»-52—OBee nnd
IA IM Itadn Stroot Weit. Meets Int
eai third Jridun, 8 p.m. Secretin-
HMftHK Thomu Xtxon; bulneoi ngent,
four Bwlair,
Batcher Workmea'i Onion No. 848—
■ooU Int aad third Tneidnji of oion
month. Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
Mm Mark; taaaeial iccreurj nad bill-
Mil aceat, T. W. Andeflon, 587 Homer
Lnmber InVoltrr, orcinlie into the L.
W. I. V. at the 0. B. U. Miltworl-
•m' loctioni meet M follow!:
Tm—iioi Immliii Worken1 headqnar-
Hn, 11 Cordovn St. W.  Ercrj Mondar
Bn Veelmhiller— Lnhor Hill, Mr. Bojnl
Aw. Md 71k St. Snd nnd 4th W.dnei-
dim ai I p.m.
flMtr MIUo—Old Movini Picture Thoatro, MafllarMlle. Ind and 4th Thnn-
day, 8 p.m.
I«tt Moodr—Orin,e Bill, Ind Md 4th
Fridayi at 8 p.m
in' Unit at the Oae Blf Union, Metal.
Unu Mlnen—Vaneonver. B. C, bend-
(aarten, 11 Cordon Street Will. All
voffcors engaged ia thin hdaitry aro
Vfld to iota tho Union before going on
tho lob. Don't wait le be orginiied, but
oigMlio yeaneif.
Phone Sir. 321      D»y or Night
Nunn, Thomson & Clegg
631 Homer Sb  Vanconver, B. C
Dr. De Van's French Pills
I reliable Regulating Till (or Women, |5
■ box. Sold at all Drug Stores, or nailed
to any addreu on receipt of price. Tha
Sootwlt Drug Co., 8t. Catbarlsaa, Ontario.
SeetoreH Vim and Vitality; for Nerve and
Brain: increases "gray matter;" a Tonic
—will build you ap. $3 a box, or two for
95, at drug itoree, or by mall on receipt
•f priee. The Scobell Drag Co., Bt. Catharines, Ontario.
North America (Vanoonver and vleln-
l*>— Branch moots aecond and lourth
Mondays, Boom 264 Laber Temple. Presl*
deal. Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave. North
Vancouvor; fttiaacial uvrclary, B. Ood*
iard, Kt Bleliards Street; recording sec-
Oakland, Cal.—Ten members of
the Communist Labor Pnrty aro
awaiting trial here on the charge
of criminal syndicalism. The verdict recently returned againat Miss
Charlotte Anita Whitney Indicted
on that chargo is regarded here as
sealing the fate of the ten Com
munists. Miss Whitney was active
In the organization of the Com
munittt Labor Party, which wat.
sufficient, to sentence her to 14
yeara' impriionment.
put up .at your beat prisons," said
Bernard Shaw to Joseph Gollomb,
an American Socialist, in an interview, "Well, the temptation is
strong. The choicest spirit's ln your
country, men and women like Eugene V. Debs and Kate O'Hare are
in prison there. The company
would be splendid; the, best in the
world. But the accommodations
are wretched, I understand. And I
hate discomfort Besides, I'm not
sure that my hosts, your governing powers, would give me rooms
next to the people I.want. Tho only
thing I am sure of Ib that I would
be clapped into jail. For I would
certainly Bay Just what Debs and
Kate O'Hare and your very best
people have been saying; and they
are in prison for trying to free their
fellowmen from ignorance and exploitation.
And now that the Winnipeg trials
are over Bernard Shaw will no
doubt have the gome opinion of
Ask your grocer If his Herks ar«
In the union?
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap good) can only be procured
by wing cheap materials and employi*f cheap labor.
ia produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade m a UNION produce from start to finish.
Tlie lVuth About Evidence
Evidence Is that portion of thc
truth which your lawyer thinks
will Impress the Judge or jury ln
your favor. Any other portions of
the same truth must therefor* be
irrelevant and immaterial and
should not be admitted as evidence.
Thus evidence Is both part truth
and partial truth.
The theoretical purpose of evidence ts to bring out the truth, thc
tvhole (ruth and nothing but the
truth. In legal practice, however,
It Ih used to emphasize unduly certain portion.! bo us t oimply things
that are not the truth and to cover
up the rest of the truth.
There are several kinds of evidence. Circumstantial evldenco has
probably convicted more Innocent
parties than any other kind. Documentary evidence has no doubt convicted more guilty parties than any
other hind. And counter evidence
cannot always be made to count.
Truth crushed to earth may rise
again, but not if your lawyer's objections aro sustained by the court.
Verily, the seeker after truth has
no busineu In a modern courtroom.
Hillyard, Wash.—Onc thousand
shops hern walkud out at 4 o'clock
employees of the Great Northern
at the end of an eight-hour day,
following a vote taken at a shop
meeting. Only three men worked
out their nine hours.
London—Hiss Margaret Bond
field, the waH.known Labor leader
in England, who waa recently attached to the Labor delegation to
the Washington International Labor Congreae, lta* been adopted as
parliamentary candidate at the
next Meetion by the Northampton
Labor Pai ly*
the war was over. Secondly, Mr,
Rowell neglected to inform the
House that the books which were
seized wero not restored to their
places on the shelves of the Regina
library until after the censorship
automatically expired. Thirdly/he
ignored the fact that the books
which were not considered objectionable were not returned until the
alleged objectionable books were
also returnod. Fourthly, there were
no books seized from the Regina
library different to those which
were seized in other libraries and
no discrimination waa shown in the
raid between those which were objectionable and otherwise. Everything came Into the net, which was
unfortunate enough to bear the inscription of the C. H. Kerr Publishing Company; no matter whether it
had been in circulation for half a
century and had been reprinted by
this firm. Fifthly, Mr. Rowell paid
no recognition to the faot that no
respect was shown to the judgment
or Intelligence of Mr. Honeyman,
the librarian, or the library board—
which ii composed of the men of
highest intellectual and moral
standing in the city of Regina—in
their right of selection.
Sixthly, as to whethor It was a
raid or something else meaning the
same thing, there Is ao need to
duarrol about terms. The faet remains that a demand was made
upon tha librarian of the city of
Regina, without consnlting his
opinions »r recognizing his responsibilities ln the matter, that all the
works under his charge, withdut
any exception, which were published by thc Kerr Company of Chicago, irrespective of tho fact that
some of them have Uecn In circulation for the period above named;
that tho whole of the books BfAieA
wero pre-war literature and/that
the books wero in thc library Before
the passing of the press censorship.
Seventhly, regarding the statement that books published by the
Kerr Company "to which there lind
been no objection" were "accompanied by those seditious pamphlets
that wore on thc prohibited 'liiit,"
Mr. Row«lI admits that "I did not
see the books and I do not know
what lt was thought was possibly
objectionable," that la thc position
wc are all in and without a statement to the reading public as to
which of the books—or which portions of the same are soditlous—
his explanation Is valueless. There
are thousands of Canadians and
many more Britishers who aro familiar with the books seized, and
who have them in their possession,
who are In blissful (?) ignorance
aa to where the seditious character
of these books is to be found
Where Is the Sedition?
The writer has read practically
the whole of the books which were
seised ln the "raid;" aud It prepared to affirm that they aon tain
lt is claimed, is responsible for tho
ban on tho Korr publications and is
a truer explanation than the statement made by Mr. Rowoll that
'books to which there had been no
ohectlon" were tieing accompanied
by "seditious pamphlets that were
on the prohibited list." Thero is
not a jot or tittle of evidence that
any of thc books seized in the raid
on the Regina library were on the
"prohibited list," which, by the
way, should be mado public, whereupon those of us who kave this
censored literature In our possession, since pre-war days, may
know which of them to throw away,
last of Books Seised by Mountles
In conclusion it might be worth
while to again publish a list of the
bookB seized during the Reglna
"raid" as an interesting example of
the attempt to put back the hands
of time to the seventeenth century,
when John Wilkes was banned
from the House of Commons and
his publications likewise. To right-
thinking Britishers this liberty of
speech and a free press is more
sacred than their bread and butter.
The following is a partial list of
the books seized, with some data
respecting same: Merrie England,
by Robert Blatchford, was published in 1893; Ood and My Neighbour,
by the same author, published In
1903; The Ancient Lowly, by Ward.
published in 1883; Socialism, Utopian and Scientific, by Englss, published by thc Kerr Company ln
1914, but published by the author
many years before, as he died fn
1895; Essay on Materialistic Conception of History, by F. Labriola,
first published in Italy In 1896, and
placed In the Regina Library ln
1914; The History of Canadian
Wealth, by Gustavus Myers, published before the war and placed in
the Reglna library ln 1915.
Fort Smith, Ark.—Organized
Labor is here raising 9100,000 to
finance the publication of a daily
Labor paper. A company to be
known as the Interstate Printing
Co. has been formed for that pur-
New York — Collective bargaining will be Introduced on a national
scale throughout eveTy branch of
the clothing industry this year, according to the announcement of
Sidney Hillman, general president
of the Amalgamated Clothing
Workers of America.
Chicago.—A letter formally requesting the admission of the Socialist Party of America to the
Third International, has been sent
from party headquarters here to G,
Zinovlef, president of the executive
committee of tho Third International at Moscow.
New York.—The annual report
of the American Sugar Refining
Company for 1919, just issued,
shows a gain of 54.36 per cent, over
1918. The operating profits Increased from $6,661,684 to
London.—The increase of wealth
during the war in private hands In
Great Britain was $20,000,000,000,
according to inland revenue authorities. The total pre-war flgure of
national wealth is put at $65,000,-
000,000. The board of Inland revenue has submitted a plan for the
appropriation of $5,000,000,000 of
these war profits for the reduction
of the national debt.
Seattle—A sidelight has beon
thrown on the verdict of guilty returned against seven members of
the I. W. W. for participation in
the Armistice Day tragedy at Centralia. , According to John O.
Craft, representative of Seattle organized Labor at the trial, the
American Legion had threatened
violence If a verdict exonerating
tlie men was returned. Prosecuting Attorney Herman Allen of
Montesano had openly expressed
the fear that tho legion would retaliate if the onus of the affair
were put on them, Craft declared.
Chicago—The department stores
of Chicago have locked out hun.
dreds of drlvors because they Insist on wearing union buttons. The
lockout has not bcen gentle. Rather than pay tbe union men $25 a
week, the stores havo created a
war ohest of thousands of dollars,
It i« claimed, out of whioh they
are paying $25 and $50 a day for
professional sluggers.
London—Lively discussion fs expected to tako place at the Independent Labor Party annual conference In Glasgow, on April 4, 6
and 6, on motions to affiliate with
tho Moscow International. Under
the heading of Party Policy and
Programme, a resolution from
Shawlands calls for a campaign
"fn favor of direct action to bring
down the governmont, and thus
secure an immediate appeal to the
country." Another proposal, from
Bargoed, is: "That we indorse the
policy of direct action for political
and Industrial questions."
LYONS, France. — Rather than
break down the eight-hour day, 50,-
000 workers are on strike here. The
workors had previously gone on
strike for a living wage. Instead
of meeting their demand, the employers declared that the only way
for the workers to earn enough to
live on would be to work nine or
ten hours, or to accept a piece rate.
The strikers, claiming that this was
a shrewd attack upon the principle
of the eight-hour day, voted to stay
out on striko and starve, If necessary, rather than betray a cardinal
principle of their organization.
Committee Favors  Nationalization
of Mines and Workers'
Brussels.—A platform calling for
the nationalization of the mines and
workers' control In all the European countries was adopted at the
meeting of tho International Committee of tho Millers here. Robert
Smillie, president of the Miners'
Federation of Great Britain, presided.
The committee decided to call a
convention at Geneva during August for tho reconstruction of the
Miners' International. The platform
for the nationalization of mines wilt
be presented at that meeting.
Delegates from Germany were
unable to come because of action by
their government.
Smillie expressed the hope to the
committee that when they met In
England it wonld be under the regime of a Labor Oovernment,
Don't forget OUR advertisers.
PARTS.—Bulgarian workers who
took part ln the recent railway
strike liAve bcen arrested in great
numbers, according to reports received here. In Sofia 230 Communist railwaymen have been imprisoned, 350 at Phllippopolis, and 300 at
Plevna. The excuse for this whole-
Bale arrest was the "discovery" by
government officials of a "docu
ment which fixed May 1 as the date
for a revolution."
Gardeners! We Are Ready to
Supply All Your Needs
We have the very best facilities at our command, consequently
the goods sold here are the very beat to be bad and are sold at
reasonable prices:
CARTER'S BEBDS—The Old Country's best flower and vegetable, in generous packets  ...18c
Peas and beans  ibe
CARTER'S LAWN SEED—Sold only in sealed packets, .Mc, OOo
SEED POTATOES—Burpee's Honey-make, Oold   Coin,   Early
Rose, Netted Gem; 100 lbs. (or $0.50
PCRITAN LIME—A carton 2So and $1.00
AGRICULTURAL SEEDS—Timothy, Alsike, Mangolds, Turnips,
Carrots, Field Peas, Alfalfa, Clovers, etc., at keen prices for
Strawberry Plants, Raspberry Canes, Fruit Trees, Roso Bushes,
etc, —Seed Dept., Cordova Btreet.
Named Shoei are frequently made
in Non-union factories
No matter what its namo, unleu
it bears a plain and readable impression of this UNION STAMP.
All Shoes without the UNION STAMP ue always Non-union
Do not accept any excuse for absence of the Union Stamp
COLLIS LOVELY, Genoral President—CHAS. L, BAINE, General Sw.-Treu.
The Press: Labor and Otherwise
Schenectady, N. Y.—Members of
tho National Security league mooting hore adopted resolutions de-
iiiandtiiv that Morris Hillquit be
dropped from the American Bar
Association because of his defenso
of the flre Socialist assemblymen
disbarred from their seats at Albany, according to a report reaching the Sehenactady Citlsen.
Haak'i Hired Man says: A shoe
coropati/ eaa put paper la the soles
of shoes and get away with It, but
If a worktn'man gets tore at the
bnnch an' puts In some real leather,
he's guilty of what the lawyers eall
sabotage. 'Bout everything a toiler
buys these days hea ben sabotaged
In the legally pertected fashum.
[By R. C. Woodbury]
sometime editor of the New
York Times, which ie among
tbo best of tne great American dal.
lies, as a tribute of love and respect, was tendered a banquet by
his brother editors. He astonished
his hosts when, in reply to a toast
to "The Independent Press," be
used the following words:
"This Is no such thing in America
as an independent press, except It
be In the country towns. You
know It and I know it. There is
not one of you who would dare to
writo his honest opinions, and if he
did, you know beforehand that it
would never appear in print.
"I am paid 9150 for keeping my
honest opinions out of the paper I
am connected with—others of you
are paid similar salaries for similar things—and any of you who
would be so foolish as to write his
honest opinions would be put on
the street locking foi nnother job.
•The business^ of the journalist
Is to destroy the truth, to lie outright, to pervert, to vilify, to fawn
at tbe feet of Mammon, and to sell
his country and his race for his
daily bread. You know this, and X
know it; and what folly Is this to
be toasting an 'Independent press!'
"We are the tools and vassals of
the rich men behind the scenes.
We are jumping-jacks; they pull
the strings and we dance. Our
talents, our possibilities and our
lives are the property of these men.
We are intellectual prostitutes."
Truly of all forms of prostitution, literary prostitution is the
most foul! Despite the above firsthand information on the subject,
there are still many people so un.
sophisticated that they believe the
newspapers tell the truth. On the
contrary, language conceals as well
as expresses thought. Despite the
slogans, "AH the news that's fit to
print," "The paper that prints the
facts," "All tho news, all the time,"
"The paper that dares to print the
truth," it goes without saying that
practically all the news tbe public
reads In such mediums is pretty
well camouflaged. -
Here for Instance, is the list of
slogans expressing tho true ideals
of a newspaper found on the walls
of the Detroit News building, one
ot the most imposing and beautiful
newspaper buildings in the world,
constructed of stone and covering
half of a large city block: Mirror
of the public mind; interpreter of
the public intent; troublei' ot the
public conscience.
Reflector of every human Interest; friend of every righteous
cause; oncourager of every generous act.
Bearer of intelligence; dispeller
of ignorance and prejudice; a light
shining into all dark places.
Promoter of civic welfare and
eivlc pride; bond of civio unity;
protector of civic rights,
Scourge of evildoers; exposcr of
secret Iniquities; unrelenting foe
of privilege and corruption.
Voice of the lowly and oppressed; advocate of the friendless;
tighter ot publio and private
Chronicler of nets; sifter of rumors and opinions; minister of thc
truth that makes men free.
Reporter of the new; retnem-
brencer of the old and tried; herald ot what is to come.
Defender of civic liberty;
strengthener of loyalty; pillar and
■tay of democratic government,
Upbullder of home; nourlsher of
the community spirit; art, letters
and science of the common people.
Truly it is "ail things to all
men," as modest as the man who
never told a He, but some of us
know that the averuge daily newspaper might better be described in
the following words, as wus Petru-
chlo's horse In Shakespeare's
"Taming of the Shrew:"
"Possessed with the glanders,
and like to mose in the chine;
troubled with the Inmpass, Infected
'with the fashions, full of wind-
galls, sped with spavins, rayed with
the yellows, past cure of the lives,
stork spoiled with the staggers, be-
gnawn with the bote, swayed ln
the back and shoulder rotten; near
legged before and with a halt-
checked bit and a headstall ot
sheep's leather."
On the contrary the Labor press
Is reliable, even when preesnting
the views of the employing class,
and fnir as well when dealing with '
tho problems of Labor.
The Labor press was hard hit by I
the war, as so many of them .
suppressed, but are now more in!
demand than ever. With moro
than three million unionists on tho
American continent, the number ot J
readers of the Labor newspapers I*
must be in tho neighborhood of '
ten million souls. j
The   Labor   publications   rang* '
from   the   Socialist   dally,   trad* j
union daily,  to the small weekly i
and illustrated monthly.    And aU
of them are taking on a more radical tone as the exigencies of th*
case require.    For instance.    1_u.
Liberator, edited by Max Eastman
and   John   Reed,   announced   Its
policy as follows:
"It will flght In tho struggle of
Labor.   It will light for the owner- ;
ship and control of industry by tbo
workers, and will present vivid andl
accurate news of the Labor and Socialist movement ln all parts of tho
world.    It wilj advocate the open-
ing of the land to the people, and
urge the immediate taking ovor by..
tho people of railroads, mines, tol-  1
egraph, and telephone systems, and \
all public utilities.    It wUl stand '
tor tho complete independence ot
women—political, sooial and eec-
nomfc—as  an  enrichment of th* '
existence of mankind.   It wW.ataitd a
for a revolution of ths wholo spirit j
and method of dealing with crime, f
It will join all wise men In trying 1
to substitute for our rigid scholastic   kind   of  education,   a  system
which has a vivid relation to Hte.
It will assert the social and poHtt-.'
cal equality of the black and white
races, oppose overy kind of racial
discrimination, and conduct a re,
morseless campaign against lynch
law.   It will oppose laws preventing the spread of scientific knowledge about birth control."
The capitalist press is deat.
dumb and blind to tho Interests <
the workers. It Is yellow as ochre,
anl its journalistic lies but vole*
the interests and aspirations of ;
few financial magnates. Foremost]
in the factors of the education c*t
tho workers by the workers stands1
the Labor press, It ta like a bea-,
con, Iccoming ever stronger, lighting the darkness of the present, to,
guide us to the dawn of the future.
Strong Protest Against   Policy   ol
Encouragement by
London.—A resolution condemning the allied support to the whiU
terror in Hungary has Just been
passed by the Independent Labor,
party, Tho protest, which is signet
by Phillip Snowden and Ethai,
Snowden, J. Ramsay MacDonald'
and Nlel Maclean, M. P., follows:
"On behalf of the Independent
Labor Party and its executive,
strongly protest against the poller
of the entente ln encouraging the!
monarchist reaction ln Hungary,
and condemn the Imprisonment1
torture and execution of Socialist*'
as an offense and outrage, and wij
offer sympathy and support to i
wbo are subject to this persecution
We are doing all we can to brio:
the facts to public knowledge li
this country, and to influenco th/
British government."
Pass the Federatlonist along ani
help get new subscribers.
Phone Seymour 2358
820 Granville St Vancouver, B. C. .April i, HM
twelfth tear. no. 14     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. a
Quality .'. Sorvice
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Hera Thty Axe, loaned for Ton
lit. Union Man, OM TUi Ont and Mra It to Tow WIft
Bank of Toronto, Hastingi 4 Gambia; Victoria, Herrltt and Now Weit-
Boyal Bank of Canada, 12 Branohei ia Vancourer, St in B. 0,
Bken/'i —.—....   i       Phone Fairmont 44
risdnlls Limited...
J. A. Flott	
.US Hutingi Street Weet
-Hasting, Btreet Weit
. Billiards
rocket Billiard Parlor 12 Haitingi Btreet Birt
Con Jones (Brunswick Fool Rooms)--... ..........Hastings Street Gut
Boots and Shoes
Goodwin Shoe Co,, US Hastings Street Bart
tnglcdow Shoe Btore  - 666 Granville Street
•'K" Boot Shop _.  S. Sl» Hastings Street West
 M Hostings Stnet West
-Hastingi Street Eut
Pierre Paris ..-
Vim. Diek Ltd...
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street West
MnclAehlan-Taylor Company 63 Cordova Street West
Cornett Bros. » .. 56 Haitingi W.
Golden Gate Cate  .Hnstingi Street Bast
O. B. U. Model Cat* IT Cordova Street West
Clothing: and Gent's Outfitting
Arnold t Quigley. . 646 Oranvllle Street
damans, Ltd 153 HastingB Street West
Clubb k Stewart  __SO0-315 Hutingi Street West
B. C. Outfitting Co  » .348 Hastings Street West
Wm. Diok Ltd  33-48 Hastings Streot East
Thos. Foster k Co, Ltd  614 Granville Street
J. W. Foster k Co, Ltd. *346 Hutings Street West
J. N. Harvey Ltd 185 Hutings West and Vietoria, H 0.
Tlie Jonah-Prat Co  _, 401 Hastingi Street West
New Tork Outffltting Co. 143 Hutings Street West
David Speneer Ltd.  -Hastings Street
W. B. Brumitt.   Cordova Streot
Thomu k McBain  . ........... Granville Streot
Woodwards Ltd  —Hastings and Abbott Streots
Victor Clothes Shop.   .-- 113 Hastings West
D. K. Book   117 Hastings Street West
Vanoouver Co-operative ...41 Pender Street West
Rlckson's 320 Oranvllle St
Kirk k Co, Ltd...- -  929 Main St, Seymour 1441 and 485
Maedonald Marpole Co    1001 Main Street
 8th Avenue and Takon Street
Drs. Brett Anderson and Douglu Cassulmnn. 602 Hastings Wert
Dr. W. J. Curry— -. -  301 Dominion Building
'    Fraser Valley Dairies...
Dr. Gordon Campbell ....
Dr. Lowe 	
Dr. Grady  	
 Corner Granville and Bobson Streets
 Corner Hastings and Abbott Streets
 Cornor Hutings and Soymour Stroeti
Britannia Beer. -  Westminster Brewery Co.
Cascade Beer. — —...—.—......... Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
Hotol Wost   - 444 Carrall Stroot
Patricia Cabaret - -411 Hutings Stroot East
Taxi—Soft Drinks 	
Van Broi.  	
 409 Dunsmuir Streot
...Ciders and wines
Vsncouver Drug Co...
-Any of their six stores
Dry Goods
Famous Cloak ft Suit Co.  -  623 Hastingi Street Weit
Vancouver Co-operative ... 41 Pender Street West
Brown Bros, ft Ca. Ltd  48 Hastings But and 728 Granville Street
Funeral Undertakers
Nunn, Thomson ft Glegg.   631 Homer Street
Hustings Furniture Co   .41 Hastings Street Wost
Ballard Furniture Store 1024 Main Street
Homo Furniture Company 419 Main Street
CslVan Markot  Hayings Street Opposite Pontages
"Slaters" (three stores) Hastings, Granville and Main Streets
Woodwards    Hastinga and Abbott Streots
Spencor- Ltd   Hutings Street
Vanoouver Co-operative .-  41 Pendor Strut Wost
Blaclt and White Hat Store:,.... Cor. Hutlngi and Abbott Streeta
Birks Ltd   Granville and Georgia Streots
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H. Malkin....—  - .-(Malkin's Beit)
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand. (Turnor Beeton ft Co, Victoria, B. C.)
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co  —°it OranviUe Street
Printers and Engravers
Cowan ft Brookhouse   ~-~~.-.Labor_Temii«e
ClcllandDibble—_— ~ 	
More Atrocities—Soviet Sacks
Work-Shies—Senility or Starvation
(By JOHN JACKS In, the Labor Leader)
P. G. E...
 And the.......
.Tower Building
 O. V. B.
MORE Bolshevik atrocities!
Lieut.-Colonel Sergius Cyon,
th* "Special Russian Correspondent" of tha Sunday Times, do-
scribes how Lenin, Trotsky and Co.
art torturing the toiling masses in
He quotes from the official Instructions issued to the transport
workers, so I am afraid there can
be no doubt that it is true.   I can
only hope that, as you have already
heard something about Bolshevik
brutalities to the   Russian   breadwinners, you will be prepared even
for such terrible revelations as this:
"All   workmen   employed   in
workshops and railways and engaged in repair work,, must ba
at thoir respective posts not later
than ten minutes after the blow
of the factory whistle."
What the penalty for breaking
this rule may be is probably too
horrible for the gentle Sergiua to
say. Probably the worker "loses
a quarter"—no, not a quarter of a
day, as in England, but a quarter
of a toe, or an arm, or an ear.
"He ii absolutely prohibited ta
leave the works. For dinner only
twenty minutos are allowed."
That last sentence Is disturbing;
for, according to most anti-Bolshe-
vlk writers, the Bolshies haven't
anything to dine off.
"Every workman who absents
himself from work on three consecutive days or si* times a
month without a reasonable excuse will bo—"
WiU be what? There I shut my
eyes. I dared not face the frightful fate to be met by the absentee,
for I have read deeply in the literature of Bolshevik horror. I know
that even in our own dear, pure,
Christian land, where kind hearts
are more than coronets, tt is a serious matter to "play" for three days
at 'a time without a reasonable excuse, and that men have been
known to be hauled before the Beak
and mulcted in heavy fines for so
doing. My imagination shuddered
at the sort of thing Soviet Russia
would do to those work-shies. Surely they would be slowly tortured to
death, boiled in oil, or have their
idle hands nailed to the bench. So
horrible were my mental Images
that at laat I could stand the speculation no longer. Surely the reality
could not be worse! So I opened
my oyes and read—"will be Immediately dismissed,"
Yes, dear friends: let it be a
warning to you to turn back from
the path of Bolshevism. Remember that under Bolshevism you will
have to work, and not for a nice
gentleman master, but for a common working people's republic—to
fight the hunger and cold of fellow-
workers Just like yourself who are
Incidentally working for you. So
dull and unromantic, you know! So
sordid! And no longer will you be
able to work when you like, how
you like, or for whom you Uke (or
don't like). If you stay away three
days running to see a football
match you will get the sack*
The Bolsheviks have a brutal
method with the man who won't
work. They dismiss him. They
won't let him work. Doesn't that
justify Great Britain, the Protector
of the Right of Man(agers), in
spending £100,000,000 on destroying, or attempting to destory, the
Soviet Republic?
And if that doesn't do it, what
about this: The transport workers
are told that "It is prohibited to
produce in working time anything
for one's own use." How much
better we are ln Oreat Britain!
Here In Merrle England the workers are encouraged to produce
things for their own use during the
boss's time. The boss even supplies
the tools and the raw material, and
the only thing the workman has to
find is the time, and even that Is
supplied by the aforesaid Beak—if
the man Is caught in the act of
"making foreigners."
Contrast again the responsibility.
Here in our liberty-loving land the
workman Is not responsible for
anything. He Just leaves his work
undone and draws his wages on
Saturday. But in harsh, tyrannical
Russia, according to Sergius,
"The   responsibility   for   the
work to be performed does not
rest with the workmen alone, but
their trade unions will also bear
a Joint responsibility for it."
How horrlbltf   No wonder  that
Sergius shivers and calls it "military   discipline   and   rigorous   instruction."   No wonder that he exclaims
"Any peace negotiations with
the   Bolsheviks   can   only   delay
their downfall, since It will give
the   official   moral   support   of
Europe to  the most anti-social,
anti-Christian,   and   anti-human
Ideas the world ever know."
No wonder, either, that, according to Sergius, the Influence of the
Bolsheviks "among decent people"
Is very small!   Even In England all
tho nice people—the    really    best
people,  don't you know—ure   un-
frtondly to the Bolsheviks; so much
bo that shop stewards are   seldom
seen In Mayfalr and Lady Bonhnm
Carter was soen the other day to
pass   several   working   people   (in
London, not Paisley) without stopping to ask about the baby.
How much more frigid our really
nice people would be to Bolshevism,
If they know ft at first hand, Is
shown by the fact that the registration "of young mon and women belonging to tho Communist Party revealed the fact that only 2200 declared themselves Communists."
And, of course, you must bear in
mind that, as everyone who Is not
a Communist is shot at sight (according to other writers of the Sergius kind during the last eighteen
months), probably none of these
2,200 were really sincere Commun
lsts, but Just people who were too
cowardly to risk being shot by the
remaining point eight per cent, of
Tom tho Tailor	
Abrams the Tailor ,
 _i GranvUle St.; 318 Hastings W
 ........614 Hastings West
T. A. Flott...
...Hastingi Street Worn
Martin, Finlayson ft Mather.   ^...Hattinii 8t»ot West
Theatres and Movies
Empress —-™ Orpheum  — Pantafiots
10 Sub. Cards
Oaod (or ono yWi sulnorlptlon to Tho
B. C, Pedorstlonlit, will bo milled to
sny address In Canadft (or $17.50.
(Good anywhoro outiide of Vancouver
ol|y.)  Order ___ today. RomH wheniold.
Lenin, the "Times" and
the Associated Press
the population who really are communists.
Let oa turn our ■ tortured eyes-
from a contemplation ol Tragic
Russia and feast our gase upon tbe
grateful and comforting picture of
England—good old England, where
Communism is next door to a
crime; where Bolshevism Is a
thing to heave half-bricks at; and
where a working man is so in love
with hts work that not even the fascinations of a football match could
induce him to leave the mill, the
forge, or the factory unless he can
make the football match synchronize with a reasonable funeral.
Here we have no military discipline in the mills. One reason Is
that a wise and beneficent Providence haa ordained that 43 per
cont of the men who work in Lancashire mills should be of such poor
physique that they couldn't stand
military discipline even though tho
Run was hammering at the gate
and the hearth and home of tho
milt worker was in Imminent dead-
ly.perll ot being smashed to smithereens!
There are wicked and malicious
critics of our great British industrial .system who declare that it is
Inhuman, anti-social, and antl-
Chrlstian. There is, for Instance,
the chairman of the Medical Board
which at Manchester examined men
who were called up to light on behalf of liberty and make the world
safe for democracy. And this unthinking person declares that
"It Is not good  national  hy-
genlc economy to aim at Immense
commercial and  industrial  success, if by so doing you produce a
race of seniles at forty."
Faney saying that at a moment
When the one urgent' need is more
industrialism and more production
so that the world may be made safe
—for the Investors tn war loans.
How are these poor deserving
people to be paid back the money
the nation borrowed from them so
that our gallant landless lads could
save their country for them tf we
are going to take any notice of
carping critics -who think more of
divinity than of dividends, more of
men than of money, more of women
than of Wealth?
And tf these people cant get
their interest in the money they
invested to make the world safe for
demooraoy and SO per cent., how
are the other Investing publlo to
get along?
I read in the prospectus   of   a
motor-ear company just being Boated that they have already on the
books orders for 612 pleasure cars
"approximating   a   total   .sales
flgure of £300,000 and that this
figure oan be  very  largoly la-
creased when the -works are extended," and that "the estimated
profits will be £75,000 per annum,
a sum equal to 80 per cent, on
the  total  capital   (£250,000) of
the company." '
How much better off we are than
the Russians! In Russia a workman is not allowed to make pleasure cars even for his own use in the
country's time. Here ln wise old
England highly-skilled workmen
will make nothing except pleasure
oars for other people to ride ln for
month after month and year after
year . . . unless, of course,
they absent themselveB without
reasonable cause. In that case they
will not be able to teed themselves,
nor feed the people who ride ln
pleasure cars and draw 30 per cent
on their Investments,
Seems to me that the choice before the British working man is betwoen starvation before forty or
senility at forty.
There Is one other way, but as
that would entail the anti-social,
Inhuman and un-Chrlstian rules
that a man and his trade union
Bhall be responsible for work, that
no man shall make 30 per ' cent,
profit out of anpther man's labor,
and that those who don't work shall
not eat I refrain from mentioning
(By Francis Musgravo la the
ii ib Nation)
si It being, I have reason te believe,
oh the side ef law and order, it
iiever having bean Justly—in my
Judgment—accused ef pro-Bolshevism, and It being unalterably committed to IU policy of printing "all
the news that's flt to print" anyone
bent on reviewing the recent history of Nicholas Lenin naturally
turns to tha columns of the New
Tork Times. There, of course,,
must the truth be found. Ia it not
the greatest and most accurate of
our news gatherers? Alas, after
making such a study, one leaves it
with a feelipg of disillusionment
not unmixed with the suspicion that
the greatest of our newspaper idols
may after all permit Itself the luxury not only of a dislike but of a
prejudice bordering on cruelty.
Hew else can one explain the fact
that the Times has killed Lenin
once, attempted to assassinate him
three times—but I am anticipating.
It is ln May, 1017, that one flrst
meets with signs of a deliberate attempt on the part of the Times to
do away with Lenin. On the tenth
of that month it printed aa Associated Press cablegram announcing
that the chief of the Russian Reds
wu missing In Petrograd, keeping
its readers in suspense for twelve
days, when it quoted tho Associated
Psess again aa reporting him still
alive. Not until July 31 was he reported missing again, or rather
still, for the A. P. reverted then to
Its position of May 10. On August
13 it hedged by discovering Lenin
Ih Petrograd onoe more, bnt this
merely induced tho Times to do a
little detective work on its own
hook, with the result that in a
special despatch on September 1
from Geneva it definitely located
Lenin in Switzerland. That' discouraged the A. P. only briefly,
however, for by the twenty-eighth
of that month it once more placed
Lenin ln Petrograd. There it let
him alone until November 11, 1917,
when the Times and the A. P.
placod him at the head ot a new
Russian Cabinet, Within five days,
however, a London .despatch reported Lenin's power as waning,
which the Times, through Its most
Workers of "Key" Industries to Take Up Subject of One Big Union
Sydney, N. S. W.—At a conference here of 13 unions which have
voted for the One Big Union plan,
it was decided officially tot launch
the-One Big Union scheme. Hitherto the O, ft U. committees were
temporary propaganda committees
and it haa now been decided that
the task of organising the workers
will be carried on by the various
unions which have declared in
favor of the scheme. The conference also decided to get in touch
with other unions and begin the
publication of a weekly newspapor.
Workers in Western Australia
have decided to join the One Big
Union movement and recently a
constitution committee met at
Perth for the purpose of drafting
a constitution for this district.
Meantime thore is prospect of another One Big Union scheme coming Into being.. The Australian
Workers' Union—the largest union
in Australia—at its conference, held
in Sydney, decided to get in touch
with other large and important
"key" organizations throughout the
country to see if a workable scheme
of a One Ble Union could be arrived at. It seems likely that the
Australian Workers' Union pro
posal has more hope of success than
that of the O. B. U.
Uto Royal Crown Soap
{and Savt tho Coupon*
The conviction of Senator Truman H. Newberry and sixteen of
his co-conspirators In the Michigan
election frauds, and the sentences
following those convictions, will
probably incense tho patriots who
saved their country from Henry
Ford and convince them that this
Is, Indeed, a cold and ungrateful
land. Patriotism was at high tide
ln Michigan during tho senatorial
election, although the evidence
shows that Heveral hundred thousand dollars expended ln a judicious
manner was a large factor In keeping tho ardor of the partlota burn
ing at fever heat.
Manufacturers May Now
Employ Girls Under 18
<     at Any Wage
lf,iAt the Vancouver (Int.) Tradea
atid Labor Council meeting held
Thursday evening a resolution waa
passed Instructing the seeretary to
protest to the deputy minister of
labor against the action of the
Minimum Wage board in rescinding the Axed rate of pay for beginners and learners in the manufacturing industry of the province.
It waa pointed out by Delegate
Mrs. Fearn, that by revoking this
clause, the door has been thrown
wide open to manufacturers by
allowing them to employ girls under IB at any rate of pay and under any conditions. Theae manufacturers will now be able to stock
up goods with the aid of cheap
young labor and then lay them off.
The delegate from the Garment
Workers informed the council that
her organization had protested
against the revoking of the clause.
In reply to suggestions of the
council to the attorney general of
the province regarding changing
the laws to allow for labor representation on the Hospital Board,
the council was informed that the
attorney general waa too busy to
attend to the matter, but that it
would be referred to a member of
the House.
A communication from Samuel
Oompers instructed the counoil to
name two volunteer organizers to
replace R. F. Pettipiece and Oeo.
Hardy whom the counoll objected
to. Action was taken regarding
thia at a previous meeting and F.
W. Welsh and Birt Showier named.
Delegate Showier reported that
the Teamsters' union had benefit.
ted as the result of the Royal Commission. A general wage Increase
of 50c per day and fl.00 per day
for piano men and better working conditions had been obtained.
Press reports indicated that the
union wanted a closed shop. These
were false because the union did
not ask for one.
Delegate Russell of the Steam
Engineers reported that the union
had moved into room 216 of the
Labor Temple and waa doing
Delegate » Graham, Hotel and
Restaurant Employees, reported
the union as drawing up a new
whge scale for endorsement.
Delegate Mrs. Fearn was elected
to represent the council on
"•Mothers' Pension" deputation to
it; The cauncll endorsed the proposed amendments to the Motor
Vehicle act
Don't forget OUR advertisers.
Construction Workers
Have Been on Strike
Since March 1
The members of the O. B. U. in
the Princeton district engaged on
construction work, \are on strike.
Tho strike extends betweon Princeton and A lien by, B. C. In order
that they can carry thoir strike to
a successful conclusion, they -are
appealing for funds, The men af.
foctcd are asking for $5 for nine
hours' work, before the strike they
were receiving $4.05 fnr that number of hours. Funds are urgently
needed, and any donations Bhould
he sent to It. Ilaxter, secretary of
the O, B. U., Princeton, B. C. Tho
strike was called on Maroh  16th,
reliable special correspondent, Harold William* supplemented with
the newa, three daya later, that thia
Lenin Oovernment "had apttt"
Eleven daya later Mr. Williams sent
scoop" that the "coalition Abi-
net forced on Bolsheviki after peaa-
ants' conference turn* on Lenin."
From tbat timo on wo flnd Lenin's life in considerable danger a*
a result of tho activities, of the Associated Preaa and the Times. Thus,
they began the new year on January 17, 1911, by firing four shota at
Lenin, without, however, hitting
him once. On February 18 tho
A. P. got over a masterpiece by
chronicling an attempt to kidnap
Lenin and, that being foiled, It reported simultaneously from Stockholm, London, and Petrograd that
tho Bolshevist powor was once
more definitely on the wane. It followed thla up two daya later by
the newa from London that Finland
heard that Lenin had fled (flight
number 97?) and insisted that the
Bolsheviki had been overthrown.
Naturally, that put Ur. William* on
his mettle; something had to bo
done, and so Trotsky came to th*
fore. Trotsky'a associates, Mr.
Williams triumphantly cabled, had
turned upon* him and might compel him to resign, Sixteen days
later the Associated Preaa mad*
him resign, but two daya later. In
another "beat," Mr. Williams showed that It waa Lenin, the wicked,
who had "dismissed Trotsky." Not
until June 21 do we, howover, got
signs of th* remorse one would expect for auch an act, when Zurich
roported Lenin m ready to resign.
One* mor* th* plot thickens.
Enter Moscow in th* firat ef lta a
satlonal aerlea of blood-curdling
capture*. On Jun* 21 it wa* reported taken In an exclusive special
tot the Times, and, of course, th*
Red leaders wer* one* mor* In
flight (flight number Uf). It took
tho A. P. some tlm* to got over that
"boat" but when It got lta breath
it mad* Mr. Williams look quite
sick. In th* headlinea of the Tlmea
of August 12 we read; "Lenin May
Seek Refuge in Berlin—Prepares
for Flight with Trotsky (reconciliation numbor 67) a* Red Regime
Totters." Ther* waa some more
good reading the next day: "Red
Leaders Flee (flight number 69?)
—Reach Kronstadt—Entire Bolshevist Government Escaping from
Moscow." Three daya later thoy
fled again (flight number 70?), but
luck waa against them, for, aa the
Paria A. P. so truthfully reported
on August 18: "Lenin's Refuge la
in Foe's Possession—Report Kron
stadt ready to flee," the Germane
being doubtless too busy plundering
Kronstadt to bother to capture
them. A week later official Washington "appeared to be confirmed'
in its belief that "both Moscow and
Petrograd had been virtually abandoned by the principal Bolshevist
leaders."    (Auguat 27.)
The next week witnessed a still
more determined effort on the part
of the A, P. to get rid of Lenin by
doing away with at least one of
hla nine Uvea On September 1,
with the aid of an assassin and the
Times, Lenin waa twice wounded
and the next day "reported" dead
in an eight-column Times headline.
Alas, on the third day he was not
dead, but on the fifth of Septem
her he had a relapse—in the columns of the Times—and on the
seventh hopes of his early demise
were encouraged by the news that
he waB "reported weaker." Thereafter silence until the middle of
the next month, when by way of
Amsterdam the A. P. attempted tto
assassinate him again: "Amsterdam Hears the Bolshevist Leader
was shot by a Member of the So
viet Bureau." But, as this did not
do the trick, the Times decided on
October 26 to try prison; It cheerfully reported Lenin a captive on
that date. This not sufficing, the
A. P. fell back on flight once more,
announcing on December 9 In the
Times that th* "Red Leaders (are)
Ready to Flee to Sweden (flight
number 71?). A week later, Lenin
having reached the end of his rope
once more, was reported "ready to
give up," Evidently the rogue had
a change of heart, for the A. P.
reported on January 8, 1919, that
though his train was captured he
not only did not give up but obtained safety by a base flight. None the
less, he was soon to meet with his
deserts, for six daya later Trotsky
did what the Allies were trying—or
should one say lying?—to do: he
triumphantly proclaimed himself
dictator and locked Lenin up (arrest number 10?). Then the voracious Washington bureau of the
A. P. took hold again, announcing
that Lenin's prison was the Krem
lln, but prison bars never hold
Lenin long, and a week later the
A. P. and Times scored a great
"scoop" by locating Lenin In Spain,
Madrid announcing him in Barcelona. Leaving him there to the
mercies of the local Reds, the A. P.
again went after Trotsky, It captured him, with the aid of the
Times, on January 26, and unruptured him two days later. It had
him at odds with Lonin—still ln
Spain—and-the other Red leaflets
on February 19, and saw to it that
a bullet hit his hat on March IK.
This being rather slow progress,
the Times got busy again with some
more news lit to print, of its own.
A London special announced good
tidings under these headlines:
"Trotsky Opposes Lenin—Break
Between the Bolshevist Leaders
Said to Be Definite." By April 22
anothor Times special announced
that, the proletariat wus plotting
against Lenin and that Lenin was
blaming Trotsky for this. On May
28 enme tho familiar news that tho
Soviet chiefs had flod again (flight
number 72?) and on June 7 Lenin
was once more "tired of the
struggle." On July 8 Harold Williams reappeared, cabling from
Ekaterinodar that Trotsky was
again "nearly captured." By August 2 we swung buck to the striking news that "Lenin Intends to1 ro-
tlre," a veracious A. P. despatch
from Stockholm. And then on
September 26 came tha familiar
telegram that Lenin wus a captive
in the Kremlin prison In Moscow
from which he has so often
escaped. Again the readers of the
Times wero treated to the familiar
cycle, for In October It killed off
thirteen Rod leaders in Moscow
with a single bomb, whieh naturally gavo rise to a belief that all of
Moscow,was in revolt, lt did not
revolt again in  the   Times,   after
Union-Made Footwear
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thla, until January M at thla yetr.
But tha Waahlncton A. P. "doom-
ad*' Lenin again aa Ootobar 11 and
oa Ootobar ll anosuaoad tkat ha
waa roluctantlr coneadlnf (hat tha
Keda would ban ta await anothar
chance, attar tha Impending (all of
thalr government, ta put their
wicked Ideas Into practice. Finally
the State Department, that eouree
of ae many exclusive atorlea about
happenings In Rusaia, announced
that it had had news "of revolts all
over Red Russia, of a ranter that
tha Soviet ha* clveo ap (collapse
number ITt)." while Oepeohasea
"hears LaalB haa acraed U turn
over power"—and aa th* chronicle
toe* oa.
Or rather so II weat MM that
wa do not believe that the ever
accurate Tlmea and A. P. will fall
to assign Leala t* tha Kremlin
again ln 111* et tt renew their reports of other uprisings in Moscow.
af hla quarrels with Trotskr aad
of Lenin's quarterly flight somewhere. Bat that unutterable
wretch haa injured th* game somewhat by defeating an hla Russian
enemies, by declining ta quarrel
with Trotsky, by refusing tta be the
victim of aa outraged proletariat.
aad te die aa frequently aad aa
persistently aa aay well-behaved
tyraat should. Ba ha* during th*
peeled covered hy tha above de-
spatchaa conquered alt apposition
to himself In Russia, compelled the
Allies to abstain from theie interference in hla country, and forced
Bsthonla and Uvanta te make
peace with him. That this waa not.
th* fault ef th* A. P. or the Time*
la obvious. But If their Uttle pleasantries aa ta Leala seem likely t*
waaa at pneenl. there la alwaya
Petrograd to (all bask upoa. Itlsa
thua (ar fallen alx tlmea, beea oa
th* verge «f capture at least three
tlmei more, haa beea burned ta tha
grouad twto» beea la abselata
paala twlee. haa starved to death
constantly, aad haa revolted against
tho Bolsheviks oa a* less thaa ale
different occasion* all la tha columns of the Times. Aa -far th*
careers of Tudenltoh aad Kalehak,
theae have been equally remarkaM*
—is the Time*. And stm there an
Americans who complain that thay
de not g*t enough and sufficiently
aaoanit* newa aa te what la getnf
an la Russia!
You don't have
to have all the
ready cash
either when
you shop here-
We trust you—make a small deposit—wear ths
garment while you pay the balance at your
Style — quality — superiority — «H that ia expressed in our most complete stock of wearing
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The 1 M.T. 1 Loggers' Boot
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Phone Soymour G56 Repairs Dona While Tou Walt
Abrams the Tailor
614 Hastings W.
Phone Seymoar 6424
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Plants
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
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48 Bastings Street Bait 728 OranvUle Street
Seymour 988-671 Seymour UU
Varied Stock Beats Salesmanship
Some dealers flnd tt necessary to try to wll yoa shoes yoa
do not want
We prefer to always have a large and varied atock on hand
so that whether you want a rugged outdoor boot or a fine Anm
shoe we can autt you wtth equal facility.
We cannot aell you low-grade shoes because It ts against ear
business policy to carry them.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
no. lt      THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb. b. »
FRIDAY... ...-.ii.. April J,  UtO
Look into the pockets
of your suit •
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men who read "THE FEDERATIONIST" carry the
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label sewn in the pocket of that Suit where yon carry
the Union-card?
That is a pertinent question, and to you, It should be a very
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CLAMAN'S UNION-MADE CLOTHES have the style and
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CATSUP—in   quart   bottles.
Special, bottle -lOe
small bottles, per bottle 10c
BROOMS—Extra   special,   4
strands; each   05c
TOIL.ET PAPER—4 rolls 25c
Pel; case $5.50
—Special, per pkff. .... 10c
WATER GLASS—For putting
down your eggs. Per tin 30c
BUTTER—Extra special government. Special, lb... 70c
CHEESE—Nice ripe Ontario.
Special, lb. 37c
PEAS—3 lbs. for  25c
BEAN'S — Best  obtainable.
Per lb 10c
MARMALADE — 1-lb.    tins.
Special   20c
PACIFIC MILK—20-oz. tins;
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ROLLED OATS—7-lb. sacks.
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S. T. Wallace
Seymour 126fi
Pulp and Paper Mill
Workers After 8 Hours
(Continued from page 1)
who a year ago got together and
formed the nucleus of the union,
and aa a result of their whole-
heartedness, they havo built up an
organization which ia a credit to
the movement. Not only that, tout
they have practically curried tho
whole financial burden of extend,
ing the organization throughout
the country and thus enabling
smaller or weaker districts to retain their own funds and with the
financial assistance given them by
tho coast membership build up
districts which will In time be able
to carry their full share of spreading the work of organization and
education to workers in other organizations. Were the workers of
the country organized as are the
lumberworkers and actuated by
the same spirit the men at Winnipeg would never have been tried
or found guilty of tho charges
made against them.
District Convention
A referendum is now being circulated throughout the coast membership In connection with a district convention and the actions of
the one held in January.
Those members who can, should
attend the classes in first aid work
which arc being held twice a week
in the rooms of tho Workmen's
Compensation Board. Two classes
a week, the entire course takes
three weeks. Members in camp
can easily study up the course
whilst In camp and then tako the
examination when In town and
thus be able to qualify as flrst aid
men which every camp of 20 men
must now have on the job. An
efficient man along these lines is of
more- value to himself and his feL
lows than one who is not.
Sudbury district convention will
bc held on April G and the Indications arc that a good number of
delegates will attend.
Opjtoeod to Piece Work
By referendum vote the membership has gone on record as opposed to work by piece, contract,
or bonus system, owing to circumstances varying in diflerent localities tho enforcement of this rulo
is left for action by the momber-
When you go out to buy your spring
suit or overcoat, be sure the maker's
name is on it. It's a true guarantee of
intrinsic value and reliability.
You don't pay any more, but in these
times of doubtful quality of make and
material it's well to know what you are
Clothes Are All Labeled
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
514 Granville Street
ship of the different districts, some
of which are in a better position
than others to give Immediate effect to it. The question itself is
open to oxtended discussion, but one
thing is obvious, that with many
men the piece work or contract
system is an incentive to break
tho eight_hour day and substitute
instead ten hours and often a limit
set only by daylight and dark.
Such men, although they may carry cards, are breaking tho rulo
.which is tho utmost importance to
all workers. Drastic action is necessary to deal with these cases.
The new constitutions are in the
hands of the printer, as soon es
possible translations will be made
and copies printed in various languages. Members often ask "where
does the money go?" They will
be interested to know that to print
these constitutions will cost not
less than a thousand dollars, and
for expenditures such us this there
is no apparent financial return.
Word just to hand is to the effect that the miners at Britannia
Beach are on strike.
The result of Rock Bay meeting just to hand is that the camps
he.d a combined meeting and de-
cMcd to demand an Increase of (1
o, day; a closed shop; all bunks
to be removed; all of which were
to operate from the 1st of Man.
In addition the bunkhouses are to
be scrubbed weekly.
The Murphy & Hanson strike
has been settled in accordance
with thc following agreement:
1. Mon to go to work on company's time and return to work
on their own time.
'■. Ono dozen new mattresses
to be supplied the camp.
'3, Men to receive bank cheques
for their time as soon as time book
can be completed at camp and sont
to town and bank cheques return
4, If nny man quits during the
month, he is to receive sufficient
cash to take him to town.
it. No discrimination will be
shown against any of the men returning to work.
6. A gas boat is to be supplied
tlie camp forthwith.
Latest information is that the
price of paper goes up 10 per cent,
on Monday. What about the work.
ers in the pulp and paper plants?
British Railwaymen Center Efforts on New
(By the Federated Press)
London.—The recent conference
of all the district councils of tho
National Union of Rallwaymen,
held here, came to important tie,
elslons on nationalization and con*
trol of the railways.
It was unanimously agreed to reaffirm the demand for the national
ownership of the railways coupled
with control by thc workers, and,
In addition, to recommend ail
branches of tho union to instruct
the executive committee at once In
order to Inaugurate a national campaign In order to secure the support
of all sections of the community
for all alteration of the ownership
and control of the railway systems.
The district councils appointed a
committeo of nino to go into the
wholo question of control,, and to
prepare a scheme of railway democratization for submission to tho
Further steps were taken towards
securing closer unity of action during a national strike on lines. It
was decided that every district
council should formulate a scheme
for securing moro effective cohesion
and communication during times of
Donations from the Campaigners of Uw Great World War
R.   II.   Young	
W. Beeswlck	
W.  Jepson    '..    1
J. Bell     J.
A. -Martindale     1,
J.   Valente   	
Jas. M, Keown .*     1
Wm. C. Lambert	
John Anderson     1
James Gibson        1
J. Bartln   	
W.  Simpson        2.
J. H, Brown  	
Thos. Muir       l
F. M. McLenadhen  ..;     1
O. Plevln     l.
A.  Nelson     j.
Ed. Erlandson        ]',
C. Johnson     2.
A. McLennan  	
D. Burton  	
Oscar Khrottd       i,
H. J. Nelson  	
G. McCulIough   	
iBO.OOfj. Neville
J. Abell
H. Chapman	
A.  Tates   	
J. Joslyn	
R. H. Bough       1,
J. B. Duff  	
Jas. Simpson   	
3, McIIugh       1.
W.  Simpson   	
Jas, Mooney 	
John Mowat	
T. Cameron   	
G. W. McLeod  	
R,   Dempster   	
A. Leman        2,
II. Duckarson	
R. Ottein	
00 Tony Lpmbai'to
J. Johnson       1.00
C. Murray 20
British Trades Congress
and Nationalization
(Spodal to The Foderationist)
IT WAS. a foregone conclusion,
even before the congress met,
that the vote on the question
would be In favor of parliamentary
action. That could bo gleaned
from the expressed opinions of
those who had come with mandates from their respective unions,
on this question. The convention
was, If anything, disappointing to
one who had figured that the British trade unions were moving.
The quality of the debate was, in
the main, of a high order, but the
entire range of debate did not disclose, In any instance, a correct understanding of the working class
position. It waB evident in tho
very early stages of the meeting,
that a sharp division .of opinion
was in existence, at one stage during the debate, considerable hostility was manifested at the mention of Mr. Will Thorne, M. P., who
occupied a chair on tho platform.
Opposed Direct Action
J. H. Thomas, who presided,
strongly opposed the use of direct
action, in the course of his opening
address, and laid emphasis upon
the statement "that parliamentary
action had not failed, because it
had not as yet been properly tried
out." He also stated "the right to
strike is the power .which has raised tho workers to the economic
position they now occupy. This is
a right which can not seriously be
challenged." Thc reception of his
address was very mixed, and it was
apparent that his reference to parliament was not favorably re.
Smillie Absent
In the absence of Robert Smillie, president of the Miners Federation, the resolution to adopt direct
action to force the nationalization
of tbo mines, was moved by Frank
Hodges, secretary of the Federation. Hodges is a clear, lucid
speaker, and appeara to marshal
his data very aptly. He made a
powerful address, but not once did
he display any of the Marxist
knowledge he is credited with possessing. He was by far the most
convincing of the speakers, but his
basis was not sound and consequently his arguments were ably
countered by Tom Shaw of the
Textile Workers, who followed
The only sentence of note uttered by Shaw was to the effect "that
there is no royal road to the workers' aims, and it is only by hard
and persistent work that anything
can be Aicomplished."
Robinson, of the Warehousemen,
next took the floor and-stated that
whilo his organization favored dl.
rect action, they did not consider
that the movement possessed the
machinery to handle a general
More Interested In Football
J. R. Clynes, M. P., followed,
and met with a. very mixed reception, though he was applauded at
the close of his address. A rather
colorless man and a typical parliamentarian, he emphasized the
point that "the workers of Britain
were more interested in a football
match or. a picture show than in
casting their ballot."
Tom Mann, received a very good
reception on taking the platform.
His address, however, was mainly
concerned with Clynes and past records. He did not carry much
weight. It was during his address
that a reference to Thorne drew
the remarks of hostility from the
J. S. Mills, the last speaker,
dealt from the angle of tho rank
and file.   He wanted the question
referred to thc men who work In
the shops, and not decided hy delegates. Tho vote for political action In the form of Intensive political propaganda, was 3,722,000;
against, 1,015,000.
Much Ado About Nothing
For trades union action in the
form of a general strike, 1,010,000;
against, 3,820,000.
The whole of the proceedings
could be characterized as much
ado about nothing, In so far as any
benefit to the workers is concerned. It Is true the question did
carry some danger of an interfer.
ence with industry, but that is a
question more for tho employer at
this time, nationalization, no matter under what form, does not take
the worker from his economic
position as a wage slave. So long
as he remains in that position,
genoral strikes or partial strikes,
only deal with effects, and do not
attempt to remove causes. Until
the workers of Britain look farther
ahead thau nationalization, no
danger threatens the owners of
property in this country. In no
instance was the working class
position outlined, and until that Is
done, and the cluss note is more
firmly sounded in these congresses,
the workors of Britain are likely
to remain on the merry go round
of wages chasing rising prices.
■Moslem People Will Unite
Against Great Britain
and France
Twenty million Mohammedans
living in Russia will unite with
7,000,000 Turks and drive the British and French out of Constantinople if the latter powers seize and
rty to hold the Golden Horn.
This Is the opinion of men in
Washington who profess to know
the situation in tho near cast. They
contend that the British and
French are -now doing the one
thing needed to hasten a Moslem
revolt destined to create a soviet
republic in. Turkey, supported at
least morally, by the wholo of
Russia. i   .
It is pointed out that the vast
Mohammedan population of the
Caucausus, Turkestan and Volga
regions aro enjoying under the soviet regime the first religious, economic and political freedom tlmt
th^y or their co-rellglonists have
known for many generations.
Give a little encouragement to
our advertisers.
Sydney, N. S. W.—At a mass
meeting of all building trades unions, it was decided that commencing next Saturday, a five-day week
of 40 hours should operate ln the
building trade throughout Victoria.
Answering various criticisms as
to increased cost of building and
shortening of the working week
would Involve, it is claimed by Uie
unions that a three per cent. Increaso in building contract prices
would provide for the five-day
week, and give the builder a small
extra profit.
We patronize those who patronize us.
Moscow Soviet Plans Big Move for
the Welfare of the
Paris — The Moscow Soviet bus
decided to install electricity for all
lighting and Industrial purposes In
the entiro Provinco of Moscow.
The installation will be carried out
by the revolutionary Red army of
Special Easter Sale
Women's and Men's Boots
We have just made a big purchaso of J. A. & M. Cote Co.'s boots
for men. These are a $10 value, but we are offering thom to you
on Saturday as an Easter Special
These boots are union mude and eaeh pair is stamped with the
union label of the Boot and fchoe Workers,
The Famous "Ladyware" boot Is being offered by us at a price
that will appeal to every woman who has the koen sense of
knowing a bargain. This is a regular $12 value,
Our price, as an Easter Special 	
We have Just ordered a carload of sugar and will
book orders; 100-11). sack	
Vancouver Co-operative Society
Central Store
41 Fender Street West Phone Seymonr 493
North Vancouver Branoh
Mount Crown Block, First Street East
Phone 891
New Westminster Branch
83—8th Street
Phone 1592
The largest exclusive Men's Shoe Stow
in Western Canada
"Our ten
dollar shoe
for men"
A SHOE of genuine calfskin, in
brown and black. In solid leather,
with thc-full recede last—a handsome
model of this late spring style,
THIS is thc best ten-dollar shoe sold
anywhere—a valuo without equal
for comfort, style und long endurance
oi wear.
This shoe is but representative
of thc high standard of quality
we maintain iu exclusive Men's
footwear—at prices whieh set
a new achievement in shoe
.values. ■   *
Cornett Bros. & Clarke
33 Hastings Street East
WiU Not Aid Polish Army
Against Proletarian
(By the Federated Press)
Washington.—A backdown by ihe
American Government from its
policy of assisting endeavors of
anti-soviet armies to dotsroy the
workers' republic of Hussia is Indicated In a statement made by an
official of the. .war department to
the Federated Press.
"Tho report that the United
States will clothe and equip the Polish army," said the official, "is an
absolute falsehood. That report was
manufactured entirely In Europe.
We aro not selling military supplies
to any foreign government and we
certainly will uot help to equip any
armies abroad."
Whether for election purposes,
because of lack of funds, or for
some other reason, the administration appears to have decided upon
an anti-imperialist and anti-militarist policy for the next few
Polish armies hnvo already  ad
vanced about 200 miles into Russian territory, as defined by the
peace treaty. ■ England, France and
Italy have washed tlieir hands of
responsibility for this aggression,
and have virtually ordered the
Poles to withdraw or "go il alone."
President Wilson thinks it would be
embarrassing to equip and support
the Polish army at tlie same time
he Is scolding the French militarism
which inspired the Polish adventure.
Do you ever go nut of your way
to patronize those who patronize usT
Men Acquitted of Charge of Criminal Syndicalism for
Belling "Fotko"
Seattle—Acquittal followed tho
trial of Dan Mahonoj^ longshoreman delogate to the Central Lobor
Council, and Earl Hanson and
Pete Smith, charged with violating
the local criminal Byndtoalism ordinance in selling the Forgo, weekly organ of the Workors, Soldiers
and Sailors Council. This clears
the paper of the "seditious literature" charge recently made by
Judge Philip Tworogcr. During
tho trial the defense forced the
arresting ollicers to admit having
illegally entered privato homes
without   a   soarch   warrant,   and
having seized personal and private
property which could not possibly
bo used as evidence. Much of this
property still Is unrcturnod to It)
rightful owners.
The Soviets Welcome Any Number
~  of Skilled Meetiaiilo.
to Russia
Berlin — Hundreds of trada
unionists and Independent Socialists were planning to leave Germany and go to Soviet Russia, just
previous to the monarchist revolt.
Declaring that the Noske regime
was bent on the destruction of social development, they held meetings under the auspices of the Emigration Society In Berlin, Hamburg and Leipzig, to consider
means of leaving the country.
The Soviet government has announced Its willingness to admit*
skilled workerB in nny number.
Food conditions, wwhlch are be.
coming constantly worse for tho
worker and better for the peasant,
and the rich, play a large part ln
this desire to leave the country, It
Is soid.
airect — —*
Those extra "fixin's" for your Knstcr outfit aren't
high-priced luxuries at Dick's. They aro your necessities—with the, luxury of super-quality—nt honest
Wc hnve the largest and finest stock of Men's haberdashery in Western Canada.
Distinctive sliirts—Tookc, Arrow, and W. G. & R.
—thc best specialised makes for comfort, fit ami
style—in all the new patterns and shades.   All sizes
$2.50 to $12.50
Smart neckwear—ties in endless assortment, for
overy taste lind preference—arranged for good selection. Original—of rich quality silk—made lo wear
and hold thcir shape—the essence of style. Hanging from
$1.00 to $3.50
Tour scarf, your gloves—all theBe things complete—
arc necessities—not luxuries at all. That harmonious whole—with economy—is only obtained by careful choice among the best—at Dick's.  :
Come in today or Saturday—beforc Easter.


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