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The British Columbia Federationist Oct 22, 1920

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ii " i       i in
Bankers Want Producers to Pay Gambling Debts-
Prices Taking Big Tumble—Revolt Sweeping
Country—Panic in Agriculture Industry
—Political Tornado Generated
<By Laurence Todd, Staff Correspondent for the Federated
Bureau).—Wall street Is becoming frightened at the revolt now sweeping west and south,
, since the Federal Reserve Board
has called upon the farmers to pay
Wall Street's foreign gambling
"You are going to aee a dangerously high wave of radicalism ln
this election," aald a big New York
banker to a friend. "This assumption that Harding ts going to have
everything his own way ls not safe.
The Farmer-Labor party Is going
to be a serious factor, and may
•ven win, in six or seven states, lf
prices continue to go down."
Big business corporations are
hastily throwing up defenses
against the on-coming political
■torm whloh the artificial panic In
term prices haa created. There are
well-defined reports that the steel
oorporatons for example have pro-
. vided a oomplete organisation
throughout Minnesota and * will
■pend' 11,000,000 In the final ten
days of the campaign.
In North Dakota and South Dakota, tt Is reported, the banking
and wheat gambling and milling
Interests of St. Paul and Minneapolis are to have exclusive management of the Wall Street funds; In
Montana the flood of gold will be
turned loose by the Anaconda Copper Mining Co. organization; in
Colorado tha Colorado Fuel & Iron
Co, will have oharge of the battle
against the Farmer-Labor rebels,
While in the State of Washington
. the' Weyerheuser timbr interests
ar to be tha centre of reaction.
But the panto in agriculture is
sweeping away the very foundations of Republican and Democrat-
ttandpat politics. Farmers by the
millions suddenly face ruin, as cotton falls from 40 .cents a pound to
SO cents, and wheat slips towards
a dollar a bushel. Protest conferences and emergency meetings and
' Indignation rallies are tn vain—the
middlemen and bankers must flrst
be aaved, and the Federal Reserve
Board, using the magic word "deflation," moves on toward the final
tragic climax.
The Cause of It
What has happened, aa disclosed
by Mr. Anderson, economist of the
Chase National Bank, ln the "Annalist" ls this: American goods to
the amount of $3,600,000,000 have
been sold in Europe since the armistice for "trade acceptances,"
promises to pay, which have not
been made good..
Banks in this country have carried the debt, passing it, along as
far as possible. Armour, Swift and
Cudahy, of the packers' group, for
example, have Just borrowed $120,-
•00,000 at 8 per oent   to   relieve
their own banks of some of this
unpaid European paper.
Bave tha Big Fellow
Money and credit must be called
In to save the big fellows who
gambled on the high profits of foreign trade, and who have been left
holding the bag. The Federal Reserve Board decides that credit
must be withheld from farmera
Prices fall below cost of production, and keep on tumbling. Bankruptcy for the food-producing industry; safety for the banks that
gambled on profits abroad,
Cotton prices affect cotton fabrics, Oray goods sell today at less
than the raw cotton cost four
months ago. The American Woollen Co. failed to cut ItB prices soon
enough, and ls in a bad way. Automobile manufacturers, not financially strong, whose market depended on farm prosperity, face a
business collapse.
Oeneral Motors suddenly cuts oft
all development plans and orders
Its plant to use up their stocks of
supplies before buying more. The
same feeling of Impending calamity
spreads along all the lines of metal
and fabric manufacture.
Sixty days will see—what?
Some bankers declare the Federal Reserve Board will dmonstrate
full control, by releasing credit
once more. Others fear lt is too
Both agree, that thc panic has
generated a political tornado.
The manager of the Scranton
(Alta), mine although stopping the
U. M. W. A. dues from the men's
pay checks, has not been turning it
over to the organization. The mine
has gone bust (fnd the International ts real mad.
Jack  Harrington   Dealt
With Foreign Office
In spite of the absorption of a
great number of people in the liquor question, a large crowd filled
tbe Empress theatre to listen to J.
Harrington, who occupied the platform for the Socialist Party of
Canada, on Sunday evening laat.
Many Items of popular Interest
were dealt with, ranging from the
excitement over1 the falling price
of sugar, the periods of overproduction incidental to the present
gystem of production and distribution arid the latest developments
In the methods of so-called popular governments. The functions of
the home and foreign offices were
lucidly presented so that the audience oould grasp what effect, if
any, the change of parliamentary
representatives ln the assemblies of
the various constitutional governments had upon matters of policy,
An able handling of the question
of selfishness as lt affected the question of Interfering' with the development towards Socialism, was one
of the outstanding features of the
address, and the futility of the arguments of the "human nature"
critics were easily disposed of In a
logical manner.
The variety of questions in evidence was an Indication of the Interest shown by the audience.
T. O'Connor will be the speaker
at next Sunday's meeting.
0. B. U. Suggests Soldier
Workers Join With the
At the meeting of the Central
Labor Council, O. B. U., on Wednesday night, a communication was
received from the Grand Army of
the United Veterans, asking the
council to take part In a convention, to be held for the purpose of
uniting the veterans,. the United
Farmers and the Labor men tor
the coming elections. The secretary was instructed to write and
Inform the Grand Army Veterans
that If they desired to co-operate
with Labor in the political fight,
that ther© was nothing to- stop
them ,and as the workers would
no doubt have candidates In the
field, and the most of the veterans
were workers, the opportunity for
unity would bo provided.
A communication from the Mill
Workers unit asking that the council and all units of the O. B. U. cooperate in holding social evening*
every month, vtda referred to the
General Workers unit, with a request that that organization appoint a committee for the purpose
The call for the referendum vote
on the amendments to the constitution of the O. B. Tf., adopted at
the recent general convention, was
referred to the different units for
action. The hall committee reported that all arrangements had been
made for going ahead with the
laying of the new floor and If all
went well, a start would be made
on Saturday.
Labor School Ia Growing Fast
The attendance at the Labor
School last Sunday afternoon was
38, an Increase of 100 per cent,
over .the first meeting the week
previous. It la expected that next
.Sunday will see a further increase
ln attendances and that by the end
of the -month the school will be
"going strong." Most of the time
at the first two or three meetings
Is necessarily taken up with, enrolment, etc., but lt Is Intended that
next Sunday the classes will be divided and get down to business.
There will be four classes this season. Mrs. Rose Henderson, Mr. O.
L. Charlton, arid Mr. A. M. Stephen
will be among the touchers, The
school meets every Sunday at 1:45
p.m. in the new F. L. P. rooms at
148 Cordova Street West.
Hand the Fed. to your shopmate
when vou are through with It
Federated Labor Party
Speaker, Sunday, Ootober 24
E. T. Kingsley
F. L. P. Hall, 148 Oordova Street West, 8:00 p.m.
Press States No Clemency
Will Be Shown Teg
Financial   Post   Quotes
From Moore on "Moscow Propaganda"
-• The two following articles taken
from widely different papers may
be very easily coupled up by those
that understand Tom Moore, and
the connection that the Trades
Congress of Canada has with the
government. The first article was
clipped from the Daily Province,
and the second from the Financial
Post published In Toronto:
(In The Daily Province)
Winnipeg, Oct. 18.—Hope that
Winnipeg strike leaders, serving a
year sentence at Manitoba's prison
farm, might be released before*the
expiration of their sentence, was
abandoned Saturday night when
word was received from counsel in
Ottawa that there was no bright
outlook and Premier Melghen's
opposition to release was adamant.
Full sentences of George Armstrong,- Rev. William Ivens, Alderman John Queen, R. J. Johns and
W. A. Pritchard of Vancouver
will expire April 0, but with a
month deducted for good conduct,
March 6 is the earliest date on
which their release can be expected, lt Is said.
Following the visit of western
Labor members to Ottawa ln August, It was expected that the government would wait a reasonable
length of time and then liberate
the prisoners. Since this visit failed In Its object, no official efforts
have beon made by labor men or
the Winnipeg defenso committee to
obtain early release of the imprisoned leaders.
This committee, organized more
than a year ago for the purpose of
raising funds to defend persons arrested for participation In the
strike and to assist their families,
and which secured $300,000,* has
ceased to function in its former
capacity, and for the reason that
nothing remains to be done. The
committee pinned its fuith to the
result of the Russell appeal before
the Privy Council in July, and
when this action tailed, sent the
labor delegation to Ottawa to request executive clemency.
The dangers to Canadian business and to the welfare of the community generally of persistent
propaganda of unrest which finds
Its inspiration in the actvities of
Soviet agents have frequently been
emphasized In the Financial Post
and In recent issues actual evidence has been submitted to show
how these activities are carried on,
Attention has frequently been called also to the fact that a great
stabilizing factor in offsetting the
Red propaganda has been supplied
by the old-fashioned labor organizations under their conservative
lenders. That these leadors have
fully realized and still realize the
responsibility which they are
shouldering Is indicated in the
week's statement of Tom Moore,
president of the Trades and Labor
Council of Canada. Mr. Moore
says that the movement today Is a
far - reaching one, although
thought of little consequence by
(Continued on page 8)
Shipyard Laborers Not
Wanted in Portland
Metal Trades
Shipyard Laborers' Unit of the
One Big Union' of Portland, Ore./
with a membership of over 60d,
has been ousted from the Metal
Trades Council of that city. Delegates from the Vancouver, Wash.,
local were also denied Beats on the
council. This action'came as the
result of recent Machinist and Boll,
ermaker conventions. The president of the council recently attended the machinists convention and
was also in conference with president O'Connell of the Metal Trades
department of the A. F. of L. and
had been advised to oust the O. B.
U. local. This he proceeded to do
at the meeting of the council. Joe
Read, an International officer of
the Boilermakers' Union, informed
the council that his organization
had decided to oust all O. B. U.
members as per instructions from
their convention.
The shipyard laborers, with
headquarters at 247 1-2 Stark
street, Potrland, are not perturbed
by the action, but will build up
thetr organization by admitting to
membership, workers of any and
all crafts and should the growth
warrant it, other units will be formed to carry on the work of the particular Industry.
Federated Labor Party to
jj Hold Sunday Evening
'Next Sunday evening at 8
.o'clock Comrade E. T. Kingsley will
open the winter meetings of the
Federated Labor Party.. The meetings ore to be held In the new
headquarters of the F. L, P. at 148
Cordoya 'Street West. Comrade
Kingsley will take aa his subject,
"The Break of Capitalism." There
w[ll be a large stock of literature
on sale at all meetings.
' Contributions to the lending
library being organized by the
natty are piling up steadily and
frbm the class of books that has
been (secured so far It is safe to
■ay that the library will be "one
of the best." The books will be
•made available as soon as proper
accommodation and cataloging are
v, :A Hallowe'en social and dance
will be held at the party headquarters on Saturday, October 30, at 8
p.m. A good programme is being
arranged, which . will Include
short Informal concert and a dance
from 10 to 12 p.m. Refreshments
will be served. A general good
time is the idea.
? /Put a one-cent stamp' on  this
paper and mall It to a friend.
Find That Wisely Managed Direct Action of
Much Value'
Third Anniversary of
Russ. Revolution Soon
to Be Celebrated
(Special Moscow Radiograph to the
Federated   Press   and . London
Dally Herald.)
Moscow.—H. O. Wells, the English novelist, now visiting Russia,
made an address at the October 7
session of the Petrograd government..
Wells' said that he and others ln
England are working for the samo
ideal as the Communists—the ere-,
ation of a universal regime of social equality which will minister to
every citizen according to his needs.
"My government," he Bald, "caused, and ls causing, destruction and
misery to your country. The welcome you have given me shows me
you understand our difficulties.
"I am sure that in spite of the
mistakes which have been made on
both sides we can love and understand each other and can work together for the benefit of humanity
ln the new world which Is being
born out of the darkness of calamity.
"The British people wish peace
and they will have peace. They
will Increase their agitation for
peace until they get peace."
The third anniversary of the
Russian revolution will be celebrated with special festivals. All tho
slok and wounded will be given
presents and special performances
will be given at all the theatres
and moving picture houses.
Electrification Is proceeding rap-
Idly la Russia and loon every Russian Tillage will have (Metric Ights,
Dream of Militant Workers May Soon Be    ■
(By. Max Worth, European Staff
Correspondent for The Federated
Paris.—Italian metal workers, by
a voto of 127,904 against 44.531,
have accepted the agreement made
ln their name by the Italian Federation of Labor, ln its dealings
with the government and the manufacturers; the Italian prime minister has made'his report to the
senate and has announced the
amicable settlement of the whole
The workors have found that
well-jogulated and wisely managed
direct action may gain for them In
a month what bargulnlns and legal action would not achieve |ri
many years. The victory Is a moral
ono. Tho . workers have . learned
something of the force that their
industrial movement possesses.
The Italian owning class has
learned a lesson.—that the time has.
passed, In Italy, whon the government can be counted on to rubber-
stamp the acts of the manufacturers. The revolution .there has gone'
too far.
The militant workers have not
seen their dreams of a complete
revolution realized. The militant
owners huve lost tho edge of their
power. The red Hag has floated,
unchaiienged on the largest establishments of Italy, and even the
rural workers have begun to realize that a free man must count on
owning his Job.
London   Central   Labor
■    Council Decides to
'.      Make Change
Auxiliary to Meet
The regular meoting of the Women's Auxiliary of the O. B. U.
will be held tonight (Friday) In
tho O. B. U. hall, comer of Pender
and Howe streets, when the final
roport on the defense dance will
be made. In addition to the regular routine business, tho study of
Wage, Lnbor and Capital by Marx
will be taken up, and It Is also
expected that Jack Kavanagh will
give an address on this work.
Owing to tho sale of the Vancouver Labor Templo, the offices of
tho Fcilciatlonlst have been moved
to Rooms 1 and 2, Victoria Block,
343 Pender Street West. Correspondents are requested to make
note qf this.
From present Indications and
ballots taken by several newspapers, notably the Cincinnati Enquirer, Eugene V. Debs will get a
tremendous vote in Ohio, tn many
factories he gets more on the straw
ballot than either Hnrdlng or Con.
Questions Advisability of
1    Affiliation With
■ ^London, Ont. — London Trades
'itnd Labor Council at its lost .meeting decided to eliminate the singing or "God Save the King" at the
close of its sessions hereafter. The
former local organizer, ex-Sergeant
FTed Young, who was responsible
for the Introduction of the anthem
InVo the council's closing ceremonies two years ago was for the ser-
oii.l time refused admission to the
Council, the vote standing 23 to 10,
arid the minority Including several
radical extremists who, while
strongly opposed to Young's reactionary agitations, did not favor the
Idea ol! the council refusing to seat
any delegate elected and accredited by a subordinate local. The ousting of Young from the council Is
attributed to his action last January In pledging support to the Independent Labor party nominee for
the mayoralty, Harry B. Ashplant,
and his subsequent right-about-
face to work for the citizen's candidate. Mayor E. S. Little. Young,
after accepting office in the Labor
Representative committee, refused
to abide by the committee's choice
Of a candidate becnuse, he declared,
he would not support a Socialist or
fbrmer Socialist,
The vote to cut out "God Save
the King" waB unanimous. Objection had been taken to lt by Nationalists ln the council who wanted "O Canada" substituted. A sur-
p^lso was sprung when Joseph Hill,
a '.war veteran, moved that the Imperialist anthem be omitted, claiming that he was not disloyal, In fact
had lately received a letter from
thc Prince of Wales, but as the
war was over, he thought the cere-
nuuioy of singing "God Save the
King" would very well be dispensed
Criticisms levelled nt tho American Federation of Labor for failure
to answer communications from
the London council asking why
Young wan appointed local organizer Instead of Hnrry Wray, the
nominee of the council, were numerous and severe. Sevoral speak-
on openly raised the question of
Whethor nny benefit accrued from
affiliation with the A. F. of L. but
Were called to order for their remarks by tho chairman, Frank McKay, a member of the Typographical Union.
Support was voted to the new
Labor Forum, organized by Prof.
Louis A. Wood, Ph.P., head of th'e
department of economics In tho
Western University which forum
will be opened October 10, by J. J.
Morrison, secretary of the United
Farmers of Ontario.
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY—People's Sunday Evening Meeting,
WEDNESDAY—General Workera.
Big Demonstration Held1
By Rebel Mexican
Red Flags Fly and Many
Speakers Address Big
(By Roberto Haberman, Mexican
Staff Correspondent for thc Fed'
erated Press.)
Mexico City.—Sunday, September 26th, was Mexico's flnt real labor day. Tha hosts of labor marched throughout the republic. From
Sonora to Yucatan, with their red
flags, amid the shoutings of "viva
Obregon," "viva de la Huerta,"
"viva Russia," "viva Italia." Everywhere the same protests, the same
demands: the enforcement of constitutional article 27 which gives
the lands to the people, of article
123 whloh gives Justice to the
workers, the regulation of food by
the creation or a food commission,
violent attacks on the capitalist
press—in Mexico City direct threats
against the Excelsior and Universal
for their campaign of vilification
and misrepresentation of the alms
of the workers.
The parade was made up of thousands of men and women, wearing
red carnations, marching back to
their union banners Inscribed with
their demnnds. Luis Morones, labor leader, and Colonel Flliberto
Villareal, on horseback, dressed ln
the gorgeous Mexican charo costume, with, flowing red' ties, and
holding aloft the red'flag of Tlaa-
pan, headed the procession.
Forty Congressmen In Line
The flag of Tlzapan, a medium
sized red banner with a three Inch
black stripe running diagonally
through lt, received its baptism
only three months ago after one of
the hardest fought strikes in Mexico—that of the textile industries of
Tlzapan (a suburb of Mexico City)
which Included about 16,000 workers.
For the first time ln Mexico congressmen took part ln a workers'
parade. Forty disputados, part of
lhe Socialist block of congress,
marched behind a banner announcing in bold red type: "All justice
to the workers," and making
speeches at every corner, explaining to the crowds tho necessity for
an efficient organization.
There was Sotoy Qama, who, as
Intellectual* leader of the Zapata
movement, fought In the mountains
of Morelos for six years: Felipe
Carrllo, president of the Socialist
party of Yucatan; Luis Leon, chief
of the Obregon propaganda; Man-
llo Altomlrano from the hills «f
Vera Cruz, "who, a month before
the fall of the Carranza regime,
shouted In congress In the presence
of somo cabinet ministers: "We left
tho horse and tho _rifle believing
that would give us land, bread and
Justice, but we see that we have
to go back to our horse and rifle
to get them!"
Palace Guards Present Arms
Whon the parado reached the
Plaza de Constitution, the workers
were received by Eduadro Moncda,
secretary In chargo o£ labor, ln
place of the president, who was
ill In bed. Tho guards of tho Fa-
lacl.o Nacional presented arms, and
the palace wns thrown open to tho
paradcrs. Suddenly the red flag of
Tlzapan appeared flying from _pno
(Continued on page 8)
Ultimatum to Premier Expires Midnight Sunday-*
Transport Workers to Get Into Scrap—Welsh
Miners Would Seize and Operate Mines
—Blames Government
London—Orders have been Issued
for Britiah rallwaymen to strike
Sunday at midnight In sympathy
With coal minera. The transport
workera are also prepared to take
similar action within 24 hours.
Under the orders sent out, rail
waymen throughout the United
Kingdom wlU walk out Sunday
midnight unless specific Instructions to the contrary are Issued ln
tbe meantime.
The rallwaymen have served an
ultimatum on Premier Lloyd
Oeorge demanding Immediate
granting of tlie minera' wage de-
mands or re-openlng negotiations,
with the alternative of the sympathetic strike. If Lloyd Qeorge capitulates, the railway strike will'
bs called off.
Transport Workers Next
Transport workers, the other division of the "triple alliance," announced .through their secretary,
Robert Williams, if negotiations
were not re-opened within twenty-
four hours the Issue would be clearly drawn between the government,
and the workera.
A move to force nationalization
of British coal mines is seen in the
demand of Welsh miners that pita
ln South Walts be occupied and
The threat was made at a meet-
dom announcing delays In material
scheduled for Immediate shipment
There are signs that foreign customers refuse to wait settlement of
the strike ahd already are placing
orders ln America, France, Bet*
glum and Germany.
Government to Name,
The government decided that
rather than give the miners the two
shillings per' shift lncreaae it will
expose the country to the results ot
a strike. "The miners," says their
manifesto, "offered concession after concession, but the government
was inspired to treat every concession as though it had never been
No device haa. been spared In
the government's manoeuvers for
delays. It obtained the postponement,, but it failed to bring about
the division within the miners*
ranks which lt hoped- for. The
miners are united to the last man
and .determined to carry through
the fight. They feel that this is
not a mere wage contest but that
tt is a deliberate attack on the
Miners' Federation Itself.
CalU for Strikebreakers.
The government Is already call*
Ing for volunteer blacklegs (strikebreakers) for transport work.
In the referendum on the term*
offered the miners by the coal op
ing ln Coedely, which decided to era*or!' "M?8   vot"  JI?* ***
aak the South Wales conference
meeting Friday to expel owners and
their representatives from the
mines, seize and operate them until
a settlement has been reached.
Big Business Losses.
City business circles stand to
lose enormous amounts In cancellation of orders already pouring ln.
Merchant offices are receiving
wires from all parts of the king-
Germany and U. S. Contest With England for
World Trade
(By Helen Augur, Staff Correspondent for the Federated Press.)
New York. — Will "Britannia
ItuleB the Waves" soon be as obsolete a song as "Doutchland Ueber
Alles" as a result of shipping al-
llancos between America and Germany such as the W. A. Harriman
contrnct with the Hamburg-American line? „
The query is being taken seriously In England, whero mastery of
world trade and shipping fs as
dominant an ambition as control
of the world's oil supply. Great
Britain Is feeling out the strength
of her new commercial rival-
America, who is challenging her in
the field whore her pride runs hottest—the seas of the world.
Tho fact that it is her former
sea-rival, Oormany, who is aiding
the building up of America's merchant marine with her expert advice and todlously-won prestige, is
an artistic pang added to England's
Beal basis for England's uneasiness exists in the fact that American tonnage has grown In the last
six years from 1,000,000 tons lo a
total of 12,000,000. In 1914 England had double Germany's tonnage, or 13,000,000,
It Is because "Thc King cnn do
no wrong" that soldier organizations attack the government for
the treatment aocordejl them aud
then wind up by lustily singing,
"God save the Ring."
Organized Metal Workers
to Hold International
Washington—Organized metal
workers throughout the world arc
to meet wthin a few months to
reach an agreement on a refusal to
make armaments or munitions,
thereby preventing wars, President
Johnston and Sec-treas. Davison of
the International Association of
Machinists, announced.
Resolutions adopted at the
Rochester convention October 4,
instructed them to ask the International Federation of Trade
Unions to arrange this direct action anti-war conference, and to
see that the machinists of America
were represented.
"I agree with Presldnet John
ston that Mr. Gompers' rejection
of affiliation of the A. F. of I., with
the European movement does not
reflect our position nor that of the
A. F. of L. membership" said DaV'
lsoh. "United States Labor stands
for affiliation and co-operation
with Labor abroad,"
James Simpson, A, F. of L. lead
er In Toronto, here today, deplored
the Gompers' action as "a most
unfortunate blow to the prestige
of the A. F. of L. in Canada, doubly unfortunate because tt gives thc
Electrical Workers and thc butcher
workmen of Toronto, who have
just seceded from the A. F. of L.
In a body, the argument that Mr.
Gompers has himself ordered n
secession from the I nter'national
Federation of Trade Unions, with
which a very targe part of our
Canadian membership Is in close
touch due to political and racial
against acceptance and 110,428 in
favor of remaining at work on the-
owner's terms; The conference of
delegates which met to consider
the returns, decided by 1154 tb 17
to allow the notices to the ownen
to expire Saturday.
Frank Hodges, secretary of tho
Miners' Federation, In a stateemht
to the public In the Dally Herald,
says: "The miners/have gone to
the extreme limit of reasonableness without the slightest manifestation of reciprocity on the part of
the operators or the government
Thia, spirit of reasonableness haa
been exploited by the government
leaders and the men are determined to stand four square until justice
is done."
Welsh Bailway Clerks Protest.
The railway clerks of Wales
have wired Thomas their emphatic
disapproval of Ute instructions they
have received to remain neutral,
and they passed a resolution urging
the clerks to link up with the other
unions In support of the miners,
even to the extent of leaving their
Labor Party Gets Busy.
The national council of the Independent Labor party passed a resolution expressing grave apprehension over the attitude of the government toward the miners, "conveying, as It does, an aggressive challenge to the whole working class
movement" The resolution requests the Labor party to convene
a special conference.
Milwaukee. — "A municipally
owned heating plant for homes Is
a project which eventually will
come true," said Joseph A. Meslroff
In speaking of thc plan Indorsed
by Walter J. Polnkov, New York.
one of tho best known engineers, In
tho country. The time will come
when a plant owned snd controlled
by the city will supply the heat for
all the homes and business houses.
It Is a blgi engineeringing project,
but It will come.
20,000 American citizens havo
sworn that their incomes during
1919 was at least $R0,000 a year.
295 have incomes of over $760,000.
No wonder the communistic spirit
is growing.
Where ts your union button?
Official of I. W. W. Says
He Would Like General Strike
(By the Federated Press.)
New York.—Declaring that the
94 convicted members of the I. W,
W. will fight their case through to
the end—if necessary carry it to
the Supreme Court of the United
States, William D. Haywood, former general secretary of the 1. W. W.
mude his farewell uddress ut a
meeting of I. W, W. friends gathered ut the People's House to bid
good-bye to the 10 defendants in
thc case who nre about to leave this
city for Chicago. Following the denial of their appeal from conviction
under the Espionage Act by United
Stales court of appeals of Illinois,
they wtll return to Chicago for a
rehearing of the case in the same
"My greatest desire Is to see the
doors of the penitentiary opened
and Gene Debs released," William
D. Haywood declared.
"Jail Is no place for any human
being, and It certainly Is no place
for such men as the government
is now committing to the penitentiary," he continued. "If I were not
myself a political prisoner I should
like to go out to tho workers and
urge that 10.ooo,ooo men and women Iny down their tools and refuse to do a stitch of work until
Debs is released."
Sunday, October 24th, 1920
AT 8 P.M.
"Passing of the Old Religions"
Speaker: J. S. WOODSWORTH.  Discussion Invited
< ■».>..».>'H"».*->">M»"t">i'>"»'*"i"fi"i"i">M"»'i"»i»i»i<"«w*"t-».»11 iiiitiitt»a*p+++ rmxB |Yifu
i FRIDAT Ootober tt, 19!o
Genuine $25 Tweed
Raincoats, $15.95
On Sale Saturday Only^-50 men's heavy weight
vulcanized, rubber-lined Tweed Raincoats in
smart dark colors—Regular $35 everywhere—
An extraordinary Saturday Special
•  $15.95
Pig Labor War Comes to
an   End —.Antis
Seattle—-Seattle's Associated Industries, the mammoth anti-Labor
organization of capitalism, which
sprang Into prominence here'shortly
after' the close of the general etrke,
ls passing out of existence, and with
It the anti-Labor war. In future,
the chamber of commerce will
speak for the organizod employers.
The close of tho antl-Laboi' war
by the employing interests was
only' effected after Labor had marshalled all Its resouroes and or
ganized Its buying power to such
an extent that openly unfair firms
lost an untold volume of business.
Chief interest In-this phase of the
battle centered around the big department stores, which were prominent In the fight on the workers.
Okmulgee, Okla. — Oklahoma's
organised workers will not indorse
a political party according to a-ruling of President Edgar Fenton of
the state foderation of labor which
is in session here. He declared out
of order a resolution denouncing
the Democratic and Republican
parties and committing the state
federation to the Farmer-Labor
The Stores of Plenty and Free Delivery
Me. 1 Stoer Pot Roast, from, lb...lto
No. I Blur Oven RotsU from, lb. 800
Mo. 1 Steer Boiling Beet from, lb.lBo
No. 1 Steer Stew Beef from, lb 180
Pin.lt    Kamloops    Simds,    beautiful
eyttte, aptcial, delivered  18.70
Canterbury Lamb Stow, lb BOo
Canterbury Lamb ShouWers..i61/,o
Canterbury Lamb Loina, lb.-S2Vie
Canterbury Lamb, Lata, lb Sle
Finest Pork Shoulders, weighing E te
■0 lba., »g. 88. Ib.,,»peeial....38i40
Juat whut you want for roasting.
Slater'a   Slleod   Streaky   Baooa,
p.r lb. —  55c
Slater'a   Sliced   Streaky   Bacon,
per lb.  .80,
Slater'a  Sliced   Ayrshire   Bacon,
per lb.    ,50
Slater'a   Sliced  Ayrshire   Baeon,
ft lb. ue
Slater's Blind Boneless BoU, per
lb. .;....—  .500
Light Bowing Chicken* lb..J8«
Modiu Weight leaetlng   GUek-
ens, lb. J00«
Heary Boasting Ohickns, lb...Me
All fresh killed.
Hon you tried oor famoua Sliced
Baeon. It to Tery mild and we are
our. lt will plea., yeu.   Reg. 600
'_ lb., Trt. pad 8at„ special, Ib 800
Fineat Bool Suet, lb. ,
Fineat But Fat, Ib. .
Finest Roott Beef Dripping, lb...25o
Ftauel Fan Ujd, lb. JBo
Om Saturday morning from 8 o.m.
la 11 a.m. wo  will  tell   oar
fhmooo Alborta Creamery, reg.
Mo tt, atoelal, lb. 880
Slater'a Famoua Tea, lb. Me
Slater'a Pure Oeyloa Tu. lb...80o
Blater'o Palo Coffee, lb.  800
Mm. Ponud'a Marmalade, jar..40o
Pinett Melatoah Red Af pies, per
doien .... . .i : _60o
Finest Fink Salmon, « for ....SSo
Qnafcer Ports aad Beano, I for..25c
Fineet Pastry Floor . ISo
Fineit Bardines, 8 for 350
Blrd'o Custard, large tins —.<0c
Blrd'o Custard, packets  ISO
Holbrook'a Custard  .150
Fineat Highland Spuds of finest quality, la 1001b. seeks,   reg.   88.00
each, Friday aad Saturday, special,
delivered :._   88.30
The Biggeet Tea Speeial we over
had. .We will aell tho famoua
Nabob Tea, aad It'a good tea,
oa Saturday all day, reg. 65c
lb., apeclal, lb.  B5o
Oet ono of our famous Plcnio Ham.
on Friday and Saturday.   Reg. 850
lb, special, lb.  »Vie
Three Bi; Stores
198 HtHtlnis St. B.....Phwic Sey. 8383
880 Granville St.....Phnn« Buy. 866
8260 Main flt. Phone Fair. ItfIB
Fineit Compound Lard from 8 t.m.
to It a.m. R*|. BOo lb., special,
8   Hm.   for  780
Flank Canadian Cheese, lb 38c
B. 0. Freah Eggs, dosen ........SSe
B. 0.  Storage Bggs, dnion —85c
Alberta Freih Eggi, doaen ....78c
DR.  BRETT  ANDERSON,   formerly member of the Faoelty of tha
College of Dentistry, University of Southern California, Lecturer
oa Orown and Bridgework, Demonstrator la Platework and Operative Dentistry, Local and Goneral Anaesthesia.
Insure Yourself Against
Trouble From Your Teeth!
examination now—poisibly a little attention—will
guarantee you tooth comfort for the winter.
Every Winter many suffbrors from acute
tooth trouble come to me—cases which
are painful and difficult and tedious to
overcome. All this trouble could have
been saved if the sufferer had come
Don't put it off—do it TODAY
Dr. Brett Anderson
003 HASTINGS W., Oor. Sojiuour
Phone Seymour 31131
Offlco Open  Tucwluy  and  Friday
Phono Sey. S331. I will
wake ' an appoln uncart
for examination at your
Our brothers and' sisters there need immediate Medical Aid. Mail your contribution at
once. If you are willing to help, write the Secretary for a subscription list
Secretary, Medical Relief Committee for Soviet Russia and Soviet Ukraine,
Box 3591, Postal Station B.,
Enclosed please find the sum of. 	
 Dollars towards purchase of'
Medical Supplies for Soviet Russia and Soviet
Name  ..— - —-	
Address   — - «	
Soldiers and Thetr Problems
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Whllt
admiring the courage of the gentleman who wrote the article regarding the incompetence of the Soldier
Settlement Board in your issue of
October 1st and while believing the
instances he quotes—which might
probably be added to; I woulul have
liked his contribution better if he
had told us what that "day of
reckoning" which he says is "fast
approaching" will be like. Does he
mean to say that the present officials of the S. S. B. will be ousted
and others put in their nJace?
What difference would that make?
After all, the main charge he
bring* against the S. S. B. officials
is that they are luoking after their
own interests rather than the interests of the soldier settlers; at least
that ls the lmpreselon-I get from
reading his story of the horse deal.
That, I will admit, is.a sufficiently
grave charge, but why do they act
that way. Assuming-that they are
acting that way I will say that the
reason they do so Is because we
are living under a system where
the standard at which a person
lives is determined by the amount
bf money he gets Irrespective of
whether he performs any useful
function In society or not. That being the case it ls to a person's individual Interest to get the most
money he can in the easiest way he
can. and if the 'present very human
officials of the S. S. B. were fired
and other very human officials put
in their, place would they, being
products of the same system and
living under -the same system, act
very differently. I think not. So
long as people live by the money
they get or the property they own
and not by the service they render
humanity so long shall we have the
grafter, the parasite, the profiteer
and the other unlovely products of
an evil system. "If the tree itself
be evil how then can the fruit
thereof be good?"
The'writer of the artfcle dwells
at some length on, the cost to the
taxpayer but, I must confess that
that part of his article leaves me
somewhat cold. Personally I am a
wage earner and, like other wage
earners, I do not get paid according to the value of the commodity
I produce but rather according to
the cost of ekelng'out my miserable
existence thus, when the cost of
living Is high my wages are higher
than they were when the cost of
living wai lower. Like many other
wage earners I am not a direct taxpayer to any appreciable'extent. If
I were my wages would have to be
increased to pay the taxes as they
would be part of my cost of living
so my position would not be alter,
ed. But ai I only draw, ln wages,
a part of the value of the article
I produce it follow* that there Is a
surplus value—i.e., the part I produce but do not get This surplus
value goes to the class who own
the implements oi production necessary for me to operate in order to
earn my living. Out of this surplus
value the taxes are paid, but, as
this surplus value Is lost to me ln
any case what difference does lt
make to me whether it goes to the
officials of the S. ST B.. or the officials of some other department or
entertaining the Prince of Wales?
So long as It is lost the place where
tt is lost does not matter.
The position of the farmer who
works his own farm ts essentially
the eame as the position of the
wage slave. The price he gets for
the article he produces is set for
him as is also the price he pays for
the article he consumes. The price
he gets for the commodity he produces U not the value of that article as a moment's reflection will
convince" him if he compares the
price he gets for the article with
tho price the ultimate consumer
pays for lt. So the farmer also gets
paid according, to his cost of living.
The writer's reference to the unity shown by the soldiers in -France
brings back to my mind the large
'amount of British arnyy rations I
saw in the homes of French civilians, taken there by the* soldiers
who handled the rations while the
common privates went hungry as a
consequence. I know because I was
one of the hungry privates. It also
reminds me of the different food
In officers' messes, sergeants'
messes and men's messes. Such
things are, perhaps, better not discussed—I make this passing refer-
eitee to them in order to express
the thought that if such "unity"
Is dead it is better to let it rest in
peace; or pieces.
Though returned soldiers have
never had an effective organization
there are a few who seem to think,
even at this late,date, that such an
organization Is possible. I will quote
one littlo incident which, to my
mind, seems to Dustrate why it is
impossible for the returned soliliors
to organize solidly.' Twelve months
ago I and my fellow workors wore
on striko trying to raise our standard of living, we were stnying in
the small' town nearest where wc
had been working, and while we
wore there the townspeople Kave a
banquet to the roturned soldiers,
I was Invited to attend and I attended. After thc banquet a gentleman addressed the gathering. I
was told that he was an cx-brlga
dier-general and a "big bug" of the
G. W. V. A. and that ho had
ranch near there, but that does not
concern me, the part that concerns
me is the fact that he was a returned soldier and the remarks he made
also concern me. He dealt with
the possibility of the returned soldiers getting a further gratuity but
warned them against expecting too
much. He said the trouble with the
returned soldiers was that they did
expect too much. Cases had come
to his notice of returned soldiers
refusing, jobs at three and four dollars a day. "Refusing honest toll,"
he exclaimed. Now you see the.slt-
uation. On the one hand was a
returned soldier trying to induce
returned soldiers of the working
class to accept the lowest possible
wages, and thereby lower their own
standard of living and Increase the
profits of the master class, and on
thp other hand, were roturned soldiers of the working class trying by
means of a strike to raise thoir
standard of living. Will the writer
of the article I have referred to, or
'any othor returned soldier, or any
one at all, who believes It possible
for returned soldiers to organizo
solidly, explain to me how one organization oan function inv the interests of those returned soldiers
who wish to buy labor power at Its
lowervthe standard of llvlng'of'the
working man, and at the same time
function ln the Interest of those returned soldiers who wish to sell
their labor-power at . its Wghest
possible price, and thereby raise
the standard of living of the working man. - '.' l
If tt is impossible for one organization to function ln the interest of
both classes, then it behoovesthe
returned soldier to determine
which class he belongs to. DoOb he
belong to the class- who sell^heir
labor power or the class who buy
it? Does he belong to the class
which receives a small portion of
what they produce, or the close who
appropriate the surplus value that
the worker produces? In short,
does he belong to the master claBS
or the working class? If he decides
that he belongs to the working
class, then lot him join a working
class organization, an'd help to hasten that day when this vicious system of working for proflt, parasites,
prostitutes, pimps and paupers, this
system which fills Jails, insane asylums and slums shall be abolished,
and a system of production for use
shall be set up In its place, a system where man will live, not by virtue of what he takes from socioty
but in virtue of what he gives to society, a system .whore the incentive
to traft and profiteer will be taken
away because the implements of
production being publicly owned,
no man will have the power to exploit the labor of another, but all
who arc able to work shall earn
their own living.
If the returned soldiers can net
get their grievances against the-S'.
S. B. printed in the ordinary press,
what does it show? Merely that the
capitalist press will not print the
truth when it displeases their masters. Then why believe thom at
all? Why accept the. capitalist
philosophy wblch permeates their
editorials and spreads to their news
columns. if the wage-earners
strike in an attempt to improve
their standard of living, they are,
according to the capitalist press,
holding up production and starving
womon and children, they /are
never satisfied, but are always making trouble and it is all their own
fault, since any man can get on If
he Is only sober, Industrious and
ambitious. Now apply that line of
talk to the soldier-settler who has
failed or is falling under the S. S.
B„ and you will say: ''it Is all his
own fault. He shouid get up an
hour earlier each morning—incidentally increasing production; He
should work harder during the day
—again increasing production* He
shoirid adopt more up-to-date methods of farming—still further Increasing production, and he should
practice more rigid economy—decreasing consumption." The soldier-
settler will know, whether that kind
of philosophy fits his case, -or
whether It is pure bunk. Then Jet
him ask himself does he belong to
the producing class or the consuming class. If he produces move
than he consumes, then whorls to
blame that he does not get thp opportunity to consume the equivalent of what he produces? , Why
does he not aet the full value of
the article he produces? If he follows this avenue of thought to its
logical end, he will soon be out for
the abolition of the system of production for profit.. Yours, etc.,
.    Rupert Dry Dock
Editor, Federationist; Sir,—The
writer in a previous letter gave a
short account of the conditions at
Prince Rupert dry dock as far as
the coumpuny's boarding house is
concerned, It might further Interest Federation!^ readers who have
their eyes on the Prince Eupor't
Dry Dock and Engineering Co. with
the idea of going after a job to
know something about the working conditions as well,
There aro in the neighborhood
of ubout 750 men working there
u^w, about 100 being young Indians, the conditions, are neither
botter nor worse than any other
shipyard on the Coast as far as
safety precautions and liability to
accidents are concerned, however
the pay scale might be open to Improvement; laborers get GO cents
an hour including'bolters up, ream.
ers and drillers slightly mor'e rising to a piece rate fnr rivetters
who are guaranteed $6.60 per day
and make, when lucky, two' or
three timos as much. In the various shops, somo of them anyhow,
according to a man's ability In thc
eyes of the boss he is paid more
or less than his fellows there being a carefully graduated rate, one
result of this is that tt creates a
certain amount of jealousy and
heartburning and Inula to keep
tlie men from getting together,
probably one of the results aimed
at by the powers in control.
The boarding house or "commissary" still lives up, or down, to its
evil reputation; within the lost
fow weeks there hus been a slight
improvement in cleanliness as far
as tho plates, dishes, etc., aro concerned, but the food and cooking
nre of tho same execrable quality*;
In addition, v/iip tho lncreaSo In
thc number ot men on the wimt
ther? has to be two sittings inJthe
dining room, th'e first table'. gCT!
the best of the deal ond the r'estilt
is a terrific rush for It, particularly at the noon hour. It ts a hT&l^y
edifying and Instructive sight .^o
see' the stampede which ttfkes
place tho instant the -whistles
blow, lt ls sever'al hundred yfctita
from the ships to the boarding
houso with lots of obstacles ln"tTie
way but the timo made to "the
grub pile would be hard to beat on
any track; a surging, purflng,
sweating mob of white collrfrfed
Joiners and pattern makers, groasV
machinists, grimy moulders, blacksmiths and ship workerB, and;1 to
all appearances, verminous Indians,
In one furious mass roll on the foe
In the shape of the one door Into
the dining room; there the congestion is terrific, but tho lucky ones
get ln somehow and rush for all
the available seats. It only needs
the exhortation of Timon at Athens to the' guests at his feast,
"Uncover' dogs nnd lap," to complete the picture and, if the writer's
memory is not at fault, tho viands
at the said feast conststed of dirty
water, Just about on a par with
what the gang finds on the taliles.
Seriously, looking nt the situation
from 'the employer's viewpoint It la
hard   to   understand   why   some
animal contented Is te "feed the
brute7'; the labor turnover at this
yard up to the present hu been
enormous and according to the
trade and technical journals one of
the main causes of inefficiency and
expense on any plant is the necessity of continually breaking In new
men; that up to recently the company has not been able to keep any
great percentage of its men for
any length of time Is proved by
their employing Indians who certainly are not up to standard of
white men who know the game,
However, that Ib the employer's
business, ours is to try and make
some change for the better. The
only way to effect a change is to
organize and the only organization that can and will get results
is the O. B. U. The International
as the Writer remarked ln his previous letter is emasculated, Impotent, and besides; its present members are, fr'om the nature of the
case, all master's men, those of
them with any backbone or self-
respect long since went over to the
O. B. U.
The O. B. U. Is slowly but surely
gaining strength here; a shipyard
unit has come into being and if
conducted on safe and sane lines
will certainly make headway, and
In due time will produce results.
Yours for the worker's betterment,
Prince Rupert, B.C., Oct, 9, 1920.
On Dooze
• Editor, B. C. FederationisH Sir,
—With the development of capitalism small Industry along with
its counter-part local competition
is eliminated by powerful Industrial combines. The so-called "life
of trade", then assumes an ini por
ialistlo character. Markets are
captured by cheap commodities,
consequently, the various groups of
industrial capitalists cnguge in
competitive warfare, the victory
going, to those who can produce
commodities at the lowost cost.
After allowing for efficiency in
production, and advantages acpru
ing from natural resources it ls
more or less obvious: that In the
ultimate analysis ther'e Is but one
method by which this result can
be attained, viz. by reducing the
amount of commodities consumed
by the laborer.
Competition, has thus placed
booze on the list of the proscribed,
and In so doing, it has proved a
life saver to those individuals who
are ever ready to. profit by the
slaves ignor'ance, and who are
never io happy or better employed
as when engaged in diverting tho
slaveB political activity from the
confines of the class struggle.
Hence to paraphrase the latest
thing ln preambles:
The province ts apparently dtvld
ed into two classes, those who
would prohibit, and those who
would prohibit prohibition. Alongside thli main dlvs'on all other
classflcatlona fade Into insignificance. Between these two classes a
contnual struggle on the one hand
of the pro to convince or defeat
the anti, and on the other hand
for* the anti to convince or defeat
the pro, so with the pro and anti
of the "prohibition question." In
the struggle over the purchase and
sale of booze, the prohibitionist, If
a worker, Is attending his master's
business to the detriment of his
own; while the antiprohlbltlonlst,
lf a worker, Is another Luddite
vainly opposing the economic development of his time.
*From these facts arise the Inevitable bone-head struggle.
Voters' Lists.
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: t
wish to tiall your attention to four
instances which havo come under
my notice where husband and wife,
at the same address, are officially
listed in the South Vancouver district, under different polling stations. A* this may cause those
people to lose their votes, through
Ignorance of the fact, I am giving
the particulars. There may be
many more which I do not know
of^but by calling attention to
these particular cases it may cause
Page. Name.
Roll No.
26    Findlay
1.102  (wife)
1745  (hus.)
103    Gage
5095  (wife)
10411  (hus.)
103    Fuldge
5090 (hus.)
186          "
10407 (wife)
117   Touzeau
6064  (hus.)
199          '?
11323 <wife)
A. W. ft GAGE.
6871 Argyle
change ls not mnde;   one of the
uwest possible price and thereby) best ways of keeping the human
Criticizing the Critic
Editor B. c. Federations: Con
trary to the statement contained in
an editorial of The B. C. Federatlonist, Oct. 15, the trouble at Port
Arthur, Sept. 20, arose out of the
faot that delegates sent by the
Lumber & Camp Workers Industrial Union, Vancouver, B. C„ e
unit of the One Big Union, were
not permitted to take part ln the
proceed lugs, according to the mem
bership they represented; and the
ordentlal committoe (backed up by
the other delegates, who later sal
in caucus), did not prevent tho
Lumber & Camp Workers delegates
from sitting in convention becnuse
of non-validity of credentials but
on an extraneous question oi "in
debtedness to the O. B. U."
The Lumber & Camp Workers
Inudstrlal Union, having bcen de*
nled representation, the meeting at
Port Arthur automatically resolved
Itself into a mere caucus, and does
not bind one single member of the
O. B. U. in any of its decisions.
The logical thing for each and
every member to do in connection
with the "referendum sheet" which
members of the caucus held at Port
Arthur, Is to Ignore it. It would
require 100 per cent, of membership to ratify the acts of the delegates who acted In contravention
of the written instructions of the
rank and flle of tho O. B. U.—the
A striking feature In connection
with the editorial comment—and a
feature that has been overlooked—
is that the controversy started in
the columns of The Federatlonist
ity outside criticism of the form of
organization whloh the Lumber
Workers had found suitable to
them. And if fault there be in
such a discussion,, the editor of
Tho- Federal tion 1st is hy no menne
freo from blame. Tho criticism
was replied'to by members located
In many districts, and tho question
was very fully discussed on the
dumber Workers page for the tea-
son that It was of direct Interest to
members of {he organization (as
later events have clearly shown.)
Whnt Is Inserted Jn the Lumber
Workers' page ls the buslnesi of
the lumber workers seeing that
they pay for the space, and H is
their only medium of communication.
The writer of the editorial, by hli
criticism of the discussion, and his
overlooking of the peculiar and isolated nature of the lumber workers occupation—and the impossibility-of getting together as a body
—has conclusively proven that he
does not know what he Is talking
about. He would do well to take
his own advice—leave to the rank
and file the conduct of tbeit own
Members of the O. B. U. who Insist—and have every right to in-
slst-»-in the movement being a rank
and flle one, will be amused at the
Gompers-attitude of'many of the
delegates who remained at Port
Arthur, and took part ln tho private caucus which ensued. Especially so In view of the fact that it
wlllVake every single member" of
the O. B. U. to ratify their actions
—and it ia absurd to try to conceive, such a possibility.
And, by the way, how will tho
auditors of tho O. B. U. bo able to
pass tho expense account for a
convention that was nevor held,
but had resolved Itself Into, a caucus of certain delegates?
In passing, the writer of the editorial casts a slur at the I. W. W.
Fallacious as some of the Ideas of
that organization may be, memberi
of that organization Have at least
enough intelligence to profit by experience and not tie up with a dead
and gone past, as some of their critics do. Possibly some of the writers' antipathy to the industrial
form of organization is Influenced
by his antipathy to the I. W. W.
If in our determination to or
ganlze industrially, we err, we err
in good company, for the following
Labor organizations follow the Industrial form:
Shop Stewards of Great Britain;
Tho three divisions of the Triple
The   Syndicalist   movement   of
France, Italy, etc.;
The Australian Workers Union;
,The      Agricultural      Workers'
Union of England;
The W. I. I. U.;
Tho Amalgamated Garment
Workers;   v
• The Professional Alliances. (Industrial Unions) of Russia, and Innumerable others. And although
in their" lnnor workings, some industrial unions hove not that degree of rank and flle control which
Is an essential if the organization
is to function according to the
wishes npd needs of the members,
the indisputable fact remains that
every organization throughout the
world that is functioning on behalf
of its members with any degree of
effectiveness, is operating on Industrial lines.
The writer of the editorial deliberately (or Ignorantly) overlooks the fact that there Is a geographical feature to the lumbef
workers form oif organisation, in
respect that they aim to link up
their districts throughout the
length and breadth of the Industry, and at the same time, whereof a Central Labor council Is
formed, the/link up with lt geographically—as in Vancouver, Winnipeg and Prince Rupert
If the lumber workers In Canada
decide to link up with the lumber
workers across the line, will the
geographical advocates lay they
may not do so?
The writer advocates a "central
fund" aa a remedy for some supposed defects of a per capita contribution. There appears an un;
holy eagerness on rhe part of some
to institute a "general fund"
scheme. In view of the actions at
Port Arthur, the membership will
do well to hesitate to entrust- the
control of their funds in the hands
of a beauracr&cy.
While expressing his views, it is
to be regretted that the writer of
the editorial in The Federatlonist
did not flnd time and space," or inclination, to comment?upon the action of the credential committee in
Port Arthur, or upon the actio* of
the delegates In amending a constitution and acting upon It before
tho wishes of the membership were
known, and as lf everything was
I In view of the recent vote of the
rank and flle of the lumber workers organization in fnvor of forming a department embracing all
rural workers, hts expressions of
opinion arc obviously personal and
not representative.
Incidentally the question arises,
The Federatlonist a one-man
paper, or does {t editorially reflect
the views of the rank and file of
the organized labor movement.
The board of directors, or" editorial
committee will doubtless give this
Should It so happen thnt there is
not an editorial board, the Immediate necessity of one ls apparent,
and wo will naturally be assured of
the hearty co-operation of the editor who has gono on record as nn
ndvoeate of "rank and fllo" control.
56 Cordova Stroet East,
Vancouver, B. C.,
Octolfer 19, 1920.
(Note by Editor—Our correspondent has made many misstatements
thnt are not worth bothering about*.
There nre, however, one or two
that should lie cleared up, and the
first is, that we have not endorsed
tho credential committees' report,
believing j that tho constitution
nlone should rule in the seating of
delegates ,and this must, of course,
rule both ways—In tho seating ot
lumber workerB, and in the case of
tho per capita payments dealing
with the seating of delegates, which
Is. not referred to in the constitution. Our correspondent's evident misunderstanding of the
British Shop Stewards' movoment
will, no doubt, be cleared up later.
The membership will decide the
many issues raised, by referendum
vote, but our correspondent evidently does not wish the members
to do this, as he suggests that they
shotild Ignore the referendum, a
suggestion which, if carried out,
would leave the whole matter up in
the air. Surely this Is hot a logical
position to uptime in face of the
seriousness of the situation. .The
editor of Tho Federatlonist does
not think that he knows It all, and
Is at all times open to advice and
counsel on working class matters,
but of necessity must deal with all
questions from a olass basis, and
not,from the particular viewpoint
of the members of any organization
nr portion of the working class, or
the paper would be uselopp. It wns
from this standpoint that the editorial ln question was written, fr'om
n strictly* class viewpoint, nnd ignoring,   while   understand Inc.   the
Taking Women
By Storm
with Fall and Winter
made up'in oub-owii factory and selling under cost of materials.
We bought an entire line of English All-Wool Tweeds,
Blanket Cloths, Velours and Silvertones for Suitings and
Coatings. The price we paid waa so low that we are en-.
abled to creato these new garments under what the fabrics
would cost you.
Don't miss thia opportunity—Now ,
soiling—Come In and see i'or yourself.
Near OranviUe
craft   psychology   that   has   been
An Open Letter to tlio I)uc*»-pay-
lng Members of Uie Loggers' Organization and Others.
(By Joseph Naylor)
I do not like the Idea of giving
our internal squabbles away to our
enemies, the master class, but having Been my namo mentioned several times in connection with tho
withdrawals the Lumber Workers' delegates from the Port Arthur convention I an> forced to
say a word or two to try and clarify the minds of the readers of our
paper, not because I want to, but
because I must, for if I had my
way, the foolish "actions of these
men would have been buried In. the
past, for I am sure that the more
they stir it up, the more it will react upon themselves. They would
have you believe that they were
treated badly at that convention,
when a few of them are tho real
This.trouble of not paying per
capita tax was brought up, and discussed at the. January convention,
and I for one, left that convention
thinking the secretaries of the
Lumber Workeri would ln future,
try to live a little nearer to the
principles of the O. B. U. and try
to fulfill their obligations. But,
alas! my hopes were blasted. Instead of doing a littlo better, they
really dropped out of the organization altogether, for none of you
expects to be a member without
paying dues, unless you are sick or
unemployed ,and I am sure the
working members of the loggers
were not,sick, for they hare kept
tbelr dues paid up all the time,
and with the understanding that
their1 capita tax waa being paid regularly ,but their secretaries hare
been sick wtlh a drunken orgy of
power, and the squandering of
money like capitalist politicians,
while their blacklisted delegates
were roaming the country for jobs.
Tou have read of tyinch offering
to pay to the executive board $500,
promises of further payments, coupled with a threat that the loggers
would withdraw all their support
from the working class papera of
this country. The writer of this
article was the man that told him
his threats didn't amount to a
bean, and the rest of the executive
must hnvo agreed with me, or else
they would not have let It pass at
that. I told him at the same time
that we had a secretary; that it
was his duty to take per capita,
and that if ever he refused to take
(Continued on page B)
-Jn that dark hour when sympathy and best service count se
much—call up
Phone Fairmont 68
Prompt Ambulance Service
Veterans of the Great War
We will dye your great coat bottle green, brown or black, take
off shoulder straps, put on new
buttons and make It look like a
civy cOat, all for $5.90.
Mall Orders Promptly Attended
7 Little Tailors
330 Cnriull Street
Stanley Steam
Taxi Co.
(Old tijne Lumberjack)
Prompt Sorvice
Fine Cars
331 Abbot* St.     Vancouver
Phone Sey. 8877-8878
-Phont Oeymets 7160
lUrl noor,  World BnUdlai,  Taa-
convtr, B. O.
Guaranteed Coal
it our eoal is not satisfactory to yon, after you
have thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
eoal is left and charge you
nothing for what you have
You to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 1441 ud 466
Greateit Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furnitiire CaLti
*1 ButUii Street Weil
WH^N 70V ASK 70B
and Non-nlcohoUc wlnoi ot all
b Economical. The Coupon* which
it earrief •■redeemable for eeelj
article! •■ are a further economy.   .
This season we are bettef prepared than ever to take oar*
of football players.
High-grade English Jerseys in many colors and designs.
A splendid stock to choose from.
Be sure to see the now Improved McGregor Boot.   This
boot is a winner. All sizes ln stook.
From the best English makers, including the genuine Mo-
Gregor, the finest ball made.
$2.50 PER YEAR-
Camp Reports
Sick Benefit Report to October 1st,
Amount collected  $732.76
Diebursementa  824.80
Bal. on hand in bank  407.80
Come on, fellow workers, and
booBt the hospital fund by carry-
Ing your own protection agalnit
sickness. Just think the amount
these companies are making on
your hard-earned money, and when
'you leave the employ of the company the hospital ticket is void as
soon ae you qnlt work. But lf you
carry an O. B. U, sick beneflt ticket,
then you are protected at all times,
and you don't have to take any old
quack doctor that the company employs, who may give you a pin for
a broken leg the same as he would
, for a headache. Come on and keep
you dues and hospital fees paid up
to date.
The Northern Construction Company Is starting a camp at Beaver
Creek, and is trying to hire men
at $76.00 per month with no set
hours. So now, fellow workers, Is
the time when organisation will
ahow what oan be done. Don't let
the lumber barons dictate to you
all the time. Do a little of the dictating yourself, and the first thing
you want to do is to get them to
furnish the blankets and single Iron
beds, and see that they are kept in
a sanitary condition after you do
get them.
Blankets bave been aaked for by
all the camps at Herrltt, and Andy
Faulkner has agreed to put them
ln, but they have no promises yet
from the other camps, but will
know pretty soon.
The little walkout at Blcamous
at the Carney pole camp, was the
eause of their putting in six iron
bed springs and mattresses ln said
eamp. Now, fellow workers, they
will do all that If you go after them
and ask them to do It, and If they
won't, then you are not tied. You
can do the same as the boys at Slc-
amous. These contractors can not
' log without men, and in order to
get men, they- will have to Improve
conditions a whole lot before the
real lumberjack will take on any
of their work and logging with ln-
j experienced men always costs more
than good conditions and high-
priced men. So let us keep up the
good work, and don't' carry your
beds. Let them furnish you a bed
to sleep in, if they want you to.
work for them. Come and Join the
O. B. U., and help get better conditions; $1 fees and $1 monthly dues.
A very successful meeting was
held at the L. C. W. I. U. haU at
No. 8 Victoria street, Kamloops, B.
C, by the Federated Labor Party,
on Oct. 6. As there is an election
coming off soon. By the way, both
the Liberal and Conservative parties are canvassing the same old
line of bosh as they used to use,
telling the people what they are go
Ing to do for them, and not toTIet
the Labor agitators fool them Into
believing that tney can do them
more good than they can. Now
what we want to get aMs when the
election does come off, be sure and
east your vote for the Labor man,
and give him all the support that is
in your power.
A report comes from Chase that
there has been a cut In wages at
Jack Murray's camps, and a few
men have pulled out of that part of
the country. There has also been a
cut of 10c per hour at the Nicola
Valley Pine Mills at Merritt. I wonder how does the 10-hour mill men
like that. Wake, you mill men,
fore the lumber barons add two
hours on your day in place of taking off houra Well, there was another little spill at Fusseea' camp
at Chase the other day .and by all
reports he has only a few menfrt
Fellow workers, always keep this
name and No. K. G. 13, Malcolm
Glllls In your note book. He had
the nerve to write and ask to be
reinstated Into the organisation, but
he waB told that there was no
ehance for him, but to keep hiking,
and not give him a ohance to mingle with real men. I also sent him
a leaflet entitled "The Shame of Being a Scab," and told him to study
lt carefully, and learn his standing
among men, and what men think
of a traitor and their class.
I remain, yours for organization,
Ser-treas. Kamloops District.
Box 612.   Phone 611.
After getting all possible Information from the dlstriot socretary
I went to Meadows, 27 miles from
Nelson; this eamp ls 76 per cent,
organized, but like the majority In
this district, are working by contraot Held a meeting and did very
well, considering all circumstances.
Took in Park Siding, five miles
down the track. This bunch pack
a nose-bag for lunch. There are 20
men, all In union and paid up, except the cook, who I tried to educate to the value of joining up; he
was hopeless, however, and this
may account for the deplorable
condition of the camp, although
with the rest of the men organised
there should be no difficulty in getting the laws enforced governing
camp conditions. There are wooden bunks, no springs, straw mattresses." The barn ls ln front of
dining room and has a heap of
manure ln front of It about which
millions of flies were busy, between
times making frequent visits to the
kitchen and dining room from
which no attempt was made to ex-
elude them.
An eight-mile hike to Brie took
in the shingle camp. Some men already had cards and others willing
to join as soon as the price ls available. Then on to the Northern
Cedar Camp whloh has now a 100
per cent, organization. This ls the
best camp in this part of the country, although double tier bunks are
still ln use. Company, supplies
blankets, sheets and pillows. Four
men to a room, electric light, two
.sitting rooms, board $1.26 a day.
Food good and plenty of It. Bight-
hour camp. The foreman says If a
man cannot do a day's work ln
eight hours he certainly cannot in
Afterwards took ln Salmo where
the shingle mill is closed down.
Then to Boulder Creek, which ls a
pole and sawmill outfit. At Camp 3
was told I should get a permit from
the boss before holding a meeting,
but sufficient of the boys with backbone.enough to make this unnecessary. But tt Is a pity they do not
use their strength to remedy the
filthy conditions which exist. It's
the worst camp I have been ln. Got
a few new members and a delegate
so hope for Improvement in the
future. Men get up at quarter to
six, breakfast quarter past and then
out to work. All work contract and
most of the alaves are from the
south of the line. They could get
an eight-hour day but haven't guts
enough ^to do it, so let them sweat
until they get fed up with it
After leaving camp was interviewed by his majesty's representative, who came on horseback to arrest me, haying been notified by the
bosses that an agitator was going
through the camps. He offered to
let me off this time lf I would
promise not to hold any more
meetings. I told him that was up
to the boys. If they wanted a meeting I would certainly he In lt. Wo
parted good frienda and I wondered If he would, for a ohange, arrest one of the bosses for breaking
the laws relating to sanitary regulations, semi-monthly pay ac;,
Truck act, first-aid regulations and
a few of the other laws which were
supposed to be written for the protection of the man on the job. But
who ever heard of a stool arresting
his own'boss. I had never heard
of having to pay for an odd meal
taken tn camp so got Into trouble
because,I left without paying. At
one outfit the boss came after me,
and at another the mounty was
also after me for the same reason.
This sure Ib a hell of a country.
Its all very well for the boys on
the coast to say what should be
done and how to do lt, but the
whole conditions are different This
is too close, to the boundary line
and the four L's and the rest of
the scabs and scum from the other
side fill the country. Added to this
the outfits are mostly run by U. S.
capitalists who are the biggoBt
blood suckers In existence—with
100 per cent Americanism—which
means 100 per cent, ignoring of Canadian laws, and a healthy contempt for the 2x4 local politicians
who think they run this country.
The worker who wantB to live like
a human being la certainly up
against it good and plenty.
Referring to a report sent In by
one Provincial Pofice McLaren,
which I intend to publish with thla
letter, the report Is a false statement as I am here to prove that
the camp was filthy when I report-
ed and Is not much better yet, as
anyone can understand where typhoid fever exists It muat be the
case. However, the men are to
blame to a considerable extent, although we have a few good O. B.
U. men ln there, but a good many
of them are what you might term
scabs from the American side of
the line who are not willing to belong to an organization to better
their condition. Some time ago we
blamed the prairie chicken, but I
am pleased to say that after the
organization was explained to them
they were willing to become members. Of course, they were not very
active but were willing to accept
a certain amount of responsibility.
But those men who claim to be
four L's from that so-called Free
Country, U. 8. A., are traitors to
their class. In my estimation there
is only two classes in society, the
worker and the master, and I fall
to see where the four L's Is a beneflt to the worker. There has developed 13 cbsb of typhoid to my
knowledge, with two deaths. Docb
that sound sanitary when the maggots are crawling around tho
camps 7 Workers, It Is high time
you woke up and demanded the
condition flt for human beings,
Your master will turn up hla noae
at tho waiter If he or she should
neglect to give him a napkin; this
I saw with.my own eyes a few days
ago, but you sit down like little
doge and put up with anything he
wishes to deal out to you.  Wake
up and organize yourselves Into a
One Big Union whieh means solidarity, so that you can fight tho
One Big Union of the Master Class,
and you will be able to demand
better living conditions; equal to
your master's.     .
(Copy of Provincial Constable
McLaren's report):
June 80, 1920.
"To B. Gammon, Chief Constable
"Nelson, B. C.
Re Filthy Condition of Camps,
g: n. r. r.
"Sir: I beg tb acknowledge receipt of your letter of the SOth
tnat, together with file of correspondence between one Mr. R. Barrow and the Provincial Health department re the filthy condition of
the camps between Nelson and
Waneta, B. C, Waneta being on the
International Boundary Line and
on the Canadian Bide.
"The camps ln mention have
been Inspected by me, and I fall to
see the conditions as set out In Mr.
Barrow's letter as filthy, We have
some of the beat camps. In the interior- of B, C. with, the exception
of' Section 12 of the regulations
where double tier bunks are used
and these are iron frames with
springs and mattresses, and In one
Instance where I visited a camp It
was early ln the spring and they
had started cleaning up, and burning rubbish, but could do very lit
tie till conditions were better, This
camp Is the Salmo Cedar Co.'s at
Park Siding, B. C. As you will see
In my sanitary repirt all these
buildings are Bomewhat closer than
they should be but if kept clean,
as they informed they would do, I
would consider It O. K. They also
have the double tier bunks.
When inspecting the camps In
the different places, and at different
times, I went amongst the men nnd
made enquiries re any complaints,
etc., they might have en-i 1 fyund
at all times the men were satisfied.
Now I wish to draw your attention to Mr. Barrow's letter where
he states all the camps are in a
filthy condition which is absolutely
wrong, the fact that wme use the
double tier bunks does not constitute filth, and further, If Mr. Bar.
row will name the campa he soys
ta filthy I will be pleased to visit
and inspect over again to ascertain.
If auch is the case or not, hut'I
do nay It is wrong when he says all
are filthy.
Obediently yours.
Provincial Constable, Salmo, B. C."
In further reference to Mr. Mc
Laron's report.I'wish to state that
I instructed him, after reading his
report, of the camps which were
not sanitary and I drew his attention to Boulder not having a bath
house and he made the assertion
that he would see that they put one
ln, shower bath included, which has
not been done to this day.
He referred to Iron bedsteads,
which was a false statement, for
I have failed to see ont In Boulder
camp. Mr. McLaren cannot Bhow
mo a camp on -the Great Northern
that Is In compliance with the aan
Itary regulations of B. C. I also
have my doubts about the mon saying they were satisfied with the
conditions, as I visited the camps
often and thore was a continual
howl about the condition and the
doctor refused to let me In without
being Innoculated.
Yours for conditions,
Firs, Limited, or Rees & Black.. .Whonnock
Metalliferous Mines. Silverton and Sandon
(Slocan District)
..Drury Inlet
Gambier Island
Dempsey-Ewart's, Camp 2	
McLeod Timber Co.	
Victoria Lumber Co........	
...Camp 5, Ladysmith
Cargill Co. of Canada, Broughton Island, actively
discriminating against union men.
Bernard Timber Co., Camp i
Conditions poor. Five bunkhouses 36x14, with car roof, con
talnlng 11 or 12 beds. One combined bath house, wash room and
dry room for the use of over 50
men. Sufficient for five only. Stove
for drying Ib so small that not
more than six men can dry their
clothes with It at one time, consequently the old system of hanging
clothes to dry in the bunkhouaes is,
being followed. What about the
health act? Who la looking after
the enforcement of this? There is
a large bunkhouse—barn Ib a better name—with two partitions In,
making three parts, In which are
eight and eleven men. This building ls some distance from the
others, lt haa no dry room, so of
course the bunkhouse stove Is used
for this purpose. This causes a
very unhealthy smell to Inhale
while sleeping. How long are you
going to stand for these condltlona?
It Is claimed this ls a 100 per cent,
camp, therefore the question arlseB,
is lt 100 per cent, union or 90 per
cent, card packers? The delegate
and another worker have Just been
fired. Bernard said for Inefficiency,
and this was after the head boom-
man had stated at a meeting before Bernard that these men were
an good at their work as any of the
The men thought Bernard was
lying, but I take a different view
of what the boss means by Inefficiency. By an efficient worker he
means a docile slave who will keep
his mouth shut and does what he
Is told under any old conditions,
Some members decline to act as
delegate becauae they say thetr
fellow-workers exploit them. This
is undoubtedly the case, and consequently the work of emancipation
is made harder than lt would be lf
every one did hla bit, but at the
same time It makea good fighters
out of those who do the work and
carry on the flght, No one Ikes a
Bernard Timber & Lumber Oo.
The regular business meeting
was held Sunday, October 10. Meeting called to order at 7 o'colck under election of officers. C. Lindstrom was elected to camp committee and F. W. Mawhtnnle as
delegate. F. W. Watson gave an
account of the O. B. U. convention
at Port Arthur. The following demands were made:
That a plentiful supply of hot
and cold water be on hand at all
times In wash room.
That wash tubs be Installed Immediately, ^-y.^.
That the lavator«Mf,
and float be kept lfTWHJ
That a toilet bd
house employees and the sidewalk
be extended to railroad track.
That the management be Interviewed about a flrst aid man being
got for the camp right away.
That a flre be kept on in dry
room all day.
That the lights should not be
turned out "before 10 o'clock on
Saturday and Sunday nights.
It was also moved and seconded
to hold meetings every Sunday
night at 7 o'clock sharp.
Also that the demands be written
out for the committee to hand to
the management,
And that he minutes of the meeting be sent to the B. C. Federatlonist for publication.
It was moved and seconded to
flne everybody who didn't attend
the meetings.    Motion lost.
Moved and seconded that meeting adjourn.
The Northern Conatructlon Co.
Is sending a lot of men out from
Vancouver to work on the Great
Water Way Railway out of Edmonton at a place called Lac La
Blch. From what ls reported by
members who haye been shipped
from the coaat, the agent of the
company - claims, among other
things, that the camp is only 24
miles from Edmonton and that the
workers can take a car In to the
city at any time, also that condi-
tlons ln the camp are flrst clasa.
Now the condltlona might have
been considered flrst class by some
workers about 60 years ago, but
that auch camps should exist today and that men ahould be ahang-
hled up there ln the way that some
of the workers have been sent there
from Vancouver, is hard for any
of the workers ln the coast, who
through the Induatrlal organization
have secured the conditions that
they work under today, to believe.
It Js reported to this office by
membera whom me have no reason
to doubt, that when the train leaves
Edmonton, two members of the Al
berta Provincial Police board the
train and aee that no man leaves lt
until they arrive at their destination. Lac La Blch is 140 miles
north of Edmonton, and Is known
as the coldest town in this province
(I have seen lt 82 below zero in
that burg), anfl the work that these
men are being shipped to Is located 48 miles north of that town,
In a country which Is nothing b^t
muskegs.' After the men get there,
If they are not satisfied with conditions (which no member of the
organization can be) and If they
have worked thoy are paid off with
a check payable ln Edmonton,
nearly 200 miles south from tho
job; no provision1 Is made to take
them to the city. There are no
troina except the work trains, and
some men haCe been refused to
ride on theBe as they are owned
and controlled by the company,
consequently they had to walk 48
miles in a country.where there are
hardly any settlers and no town
on the way after leaving Lac La
Aa the company ia sending In
as high as 200 workers a week
from the west, mostly from Vancouver, this Is written In the hope
that all of our members will take
notice and stay away, alBo to warn
all other workera to stay away; in
the meantime a couple of good
delegates have gone there to see
what can be done to organize the
slaves and get better conditions.
As soon as theae delegates report
to the diatrict office further newa
will appear in the official organ of
the Lumber Camp and Agricultural
Workera Department.
Resolution adopted at a meeting
of the memberahlp at Camp 6,
Buckley Bay, September 20.
"Whereas we, the members of
the L. & C. W. I. U. at Camp 6,
Masset Timber Co., nave decided
that we are entitled to review the
proceedings of the recent general
convention of the L. & C. W. I. U.L
and feel that every member of the
L. & C. W. I. U. Is In the same
"And whereas, we realize lt
would be too great an expense on
tho general headquarters of the L.
& C. yt, I. U., In view of the expense Incurred by holding the recent convention, to publish a verbatim report from the transcript of
the proceedings of that convention,
'Therefore, be It resolved, that
we recommend to the central executive committee of the L. & C. W.
I. U. that they levy a fifty cent
assessment on each member of this
Industrial Union for the purpose of
IlmChring the publication of the
proceeding of the recent convention, held ln July, 1920.
"And, be lt further resolved, that
we Instruct them to send a copy of
this resolution and recommendation to each of the official publications of the O. B, U., and a copy to
each diatrict headquartera, to be
acted upon by the executives ot
each district of the L. &. C. W.
I. U."
WM. MORRIS, Delegate,
Camp 6, Buckley Bay, B. C.
Beaver Cove Lumber A Pulp Co.,
Wlilte's Camp
What's the matter with this mill
outfit? Poor food, getting worse;
catering let by contract at lean than
the men are paying, and then a
proflt to be made out of them at
the contract price, which can only
be done by cutting quality and
quantity of food and the service.
Working ahort-handed in kitchen
and dining room. Night cook flred
and one put on who combines theae
duties with that of vegetable man.
Dishwasher flred and the previous
vegetable man put on the Job.
Second cook dons away with. Cook
gets $166, waiters $55, and the
threat has been made to reduce
Mon paying $1.60 a week for
rent, which includes blankets and
sheets. No bath in camp. Putting
up what they are pleased to call
a hotel! More bunki What's In a
name? Fifty men carrying cards.
No delegate. Had one and he got
What's   the   matter   with   thla
E Buy at a union stor*,
_ Regular     propaganda    meeting
held In Vancouver, September 26,
Fellow-worker C.  L.  Miller ln
the. chair,
-Minutes   of   previous   meeting
read and approved.
Financial report giving in
' detail showing balance
on hand, Sept. 10 $2,690 10
Receipts   8,289 04
$6,979 84
Less  expenditures  2,241 96
Leaving balance on hand,
Sept. 23 « $8,787 99
Report received and deferred to
Fellow-workers Watson, Keane
and Clarke reported on the O. B.
U. Convention at Port Arthur,
stating that owing to the fact that
the convention had cut down the
voting power of the seven logger
delegates fr'om the Coast to 610
votea each and the delegate from
Prince George to .100, that the
Lumber Workers' delegates had
left the convention. The convention had seated certain delegates
with a voting power equal to the
number of members they had*pald
per capita on for the last month,
other delegates had been seated on
the average number that .they had
paid per capita.on aince January
while the constitution clearly
atated that the basis of representation should be "one delegate for
the flrat one thousand membera or
less and one additional delegate for
each additional one thousand
major fraction thereof," nothing
being stated about- per capita. The
Lumber Workers' delegates had
made repeated offers to pay their
per capita inside of 30 days if their
delegates wer'e seated with full voting power, but the offer had not
been accepted. The Lumber Workers' delegates with the exception of
Fellow-worker Alexander had
therefore left the convention.
Moved: "That the report be accepted and the action of the delegates who withdrew endorsed."
A member of the Gas WorkerB'
Union asked for the floor which
was, granted. The member stated
that the organization was on atrlke
and that the fu'nds of the union
wcrw low at preaent, and asked If
the Lumber Workers could give
flietfi any support
jcl'Mdved: "That this meeting recommend to the Coast Executive
ttffct5'they devote the sum of five
Mintired dollars to lhe Gaa Work-
■Afs^Vho are on Btrike."
aftAmendment: "That this meet
Inglrecommend to the Coast Executive that the donate whatever
tondtint they think the treasury
fchn! afford."
3 Amendment carried.
i^Mbved: "That a collection be
lakkn up at thla meeting for the tld
bf thc Gas Workers who ■ are on
lLlA collection amounting to. $77,93
was taken up.
Moved: "That all fellow workers going out on the job be asked
to take out credentials."
Meeting adjourned at 4.45 p.m.
The employeea of the McLeod
Timber Co., Gambler Island, held
a nieeting on Saturday, 16th. A
few of them were very anxloua to
have this meeting held, and as
near as can bc understood, the purpose waa to try and get the camp
taken off the unfair list. With a
few exceptions this was the same
bunch who voted to put the camp
on the unfair list before they left
the job. A representative of the
company was present at the meeting, und he stated the company
could not afford to furnish bedding for the crew. In view of that,
the meeting decided to leave the
camp on the unfair list until the
bedding Is furnished. Then the
card packers of the bunch sneaked
put of town to get back on the Job.
The late bull bucker, A. McKinnon,
was one of the first to get on the
bbat, with two or three more spine-
less slaves that have no principle,
who wero picked up on the atreetB
or in the employment olllce which
Is supposed to be fair to the L. C.
& A. W., and Is run by Joy. He la
hiring men for the above company
with tht slogan "union men preferred," and this ls for a camp that
is on the unfair list.
U. G. G. Camps
Just a word ln season re the deplorable conditions that exist in
these camps. Camp No. 2 still adheres to the double-decking, muzzle-loading syatem of packing the
slaves away for the night in bunka
which aro Infested with bed-bugs.
There la no bath or dry house*
where the men can change or dry
yiclr clothes, which has to be done
In the bunk houso. "'Nuff sed,"
for the pleasant aroma of the pen.
' Camp No. 4 at Dewey la built
along the same lines, a little more
pn the cold storage plan, Maybe
that is meant so the boys will
''keep" a little longer, as the U.
O.'G. has been having lots of trouble keeping men.
;The price of board Is $1.50 a
day. The menu consists of eggB
Which ought to have been hens
(long ago; meat once In a while,
and canned fruit. The cooking is
"bum," the only thing that tastes
palatable Is the water and aome
_time« they put enough milk in it
,to Bpotl It. No "bull cook," the
mijn have to flnd their own wood
and water .and build the flres. On
quitting the men have to hike sjx
miles, nnd then get paid off by
Don't   be   fooled   by  advertisement of scale nf wages, as It doea
not exist.  'Most all piece-work.
E. K. DELEGATE 3927.
Fellow Worker H. Ellison was
accidentally killed at Dumaresq's
camp, Wellbare Channel, by a falling tree.
Cassel, Germany. — Majority Socialists ln conference here are evidently looking for a split In lbe
ranks of tho Independent Socialists.
The Herald correspondent Is Informed that the right wing of the
Independents will probably reunite
with the Majority Sr.c'alista,
1  ., i,
1 ——....	
t     mImm.	
s . 	
7  . —..
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0   -.
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14  ...'.	
. 18  _,.......
Fellow Workers Malcolm George
(1134), Joe Grace (1116). W. H.
Watson (1009),.C. Llnder (886)
were elected to the executive. The
votes for the other candidates
were: John Clark, 882; M. J.
Keane, 810; G. Smith, 764; J.
Simpson, 706; W. Head, 664; E.
Dahl, 553; E. Lamey, 336; A. Van
Ruyven, 260. For secretary, J. M.
Clarke, 1230.
Total votes cast, 2628.
Ballot counted by W. Reed and
C. B. Abbott.
In the name of more Mian 2,-
000,000 farm workers, 21 delegates
from eight countries organized the
International Federation of Agricultural Workers Union at a three-
day convention concluded at Amsterdam, Holland, August 20. The
seat of the new International will
be located at Amsterdam, and the
management of that organisation
was entrusted to an executive committee of five members from Holland, Great Britain, Germany, Scandinavia and Italy. The Dutch
member, Hlematra, was chosen as
International secretary.
The organizations represented
were the National Agricultural Laborers and Rural Workera Union
of England, with 180,000 membera;
the Workers Union of England,
with 30,000; the German Farm
Workers Union, with 780,000; the
Swedish Farm Workers Union,
with 20,000; the Farm Workers
Union of Denmark, with $0,000;
the Farm and Forest Workers
Union of Austria, with 61,000; the
Belgian Farm Workers Union, with
1700; the National Federation of
Farm Workers of Italy, with 845,-
000, and the Dutch Farm Workera
Union, with 15,500 membera. The
Farm Workers Union of Czche-Slo-
vakla sent word that' Its representative had been prevented from
coming through pass difficulties,
the French union reported financial
difficulty, the Polish union sent a
telegram of congratulation and the
Spanish farm workers reported
that their organization was still too
confuted for untted action.
Tht congress adotped resolution?.
condemned the war, and worked
out a programme for the promotion of the Interests of the farm
workers of all countries and the
support of all struggles, either national or International, against the
exploitation of Labor. Discussion
of a resolution favoring the Socialization of the land revealed almost unanimous approval of the
Idea, but the difficulties faced in
the various countrlea hindered Its
adoption and the matter was pi
over to the next congreBa. The
new International ts to form part of
tho International Federation.—
Trade Unions.—Federated Press,
ln the Industrial worker.
At first Higgins and I started together, but after visiting the
Hope camps we split, Higgins going
to Malloy St Mc Fad den's, and I
went on the route shown on report.
Higgins was chased out of one
camp by the walking boas, and I
met him again ln Dean Lako, and
we went together to the Soo. On
leaving the Soo we both got off at
Mile 67, he taking one camp and I
the other. We decided lt wob best
to split up again, so we can cover
more ground. I left Higgins to
work the A. C. R., and I will go
north till I hit the C. N. R., and go
east on that till I get back to Sudbury. This will prevent overlapping and save a lot of walking. We
are handicapped by our Inability to
speak French, but at that we can
make ourselves fairly well understood. If ever I get back to BrltlBh
Columbia, any one who talks to me
aBftut coming back here again, ts
going to get a bat on the nose.
Some of the camps down here look
as though Noah had built them
when he get out of timber for the
ark. I would not work ln the camps
here. The men are very dissatisfied this fall, but atlll It Is hard for
some of them to understand how a
union could help them. Another
thing that ls In our way, Is that the
boys are broke (which happens to
all of ub onco ln a while), and the
companies refuse to Issue time
checks for union dues, to some of
them will have to wait till they go
to town before joining. Well, the
main thing for us Is to explain
what the union ls ,and the Joining
will take care of Itself. It la 10
o'clock, and I have to catch a
freight or walk 60 mites over to the
C. N. R„ as there Is no passenger
till Tuesday.
Yours for solidarity,
li. C. & A.  DEPT. KEEP FLAG
Organizer Stanley reports good
conditions -in his territory. Not
only Is he getting definite results,
but, In addition, the electricians
arc pulling out of tho International
and will form either an Independent or O. B. U. local. If lt should
be the former they all admit that
It ts only a matter of a ahort while
before they come Into the O. B. U.
Tho Civic Employeea and Street
Carmen are getting hot under the
collar and the C. P. R. baggage
men are dropping the International.
Smith who has cose against
Mainland Cedar Co. report at onoe
to  coast headquarters.
I noticed in tho Federatlonist of
September 24, tbat at a propaganda meeting that waa held, tt Was
moved that we start a campaign,
and.publish leaflets against Htck's
Blacklist; and recommending that
periodic strikes agalnit the agency
be called at intervals, and employment offices be picketed well. I
thought Hicks had moved out of
town, baving heard nothing of htm,
but being on the blacklist with a
few handled others. His blacklist did not concern me much, but
I notice you are wakening up; tt ls
better late than never. Why ls it
tho workVs do not wish, In quite
a few camps, to act aa delegates or
on the Camp Committee; Juat for
the simple reason there la no
action among the rank and flle
when a worker" i» blacklisted for
his union activities and let drift to
the four winds. I would suggest
that whenever a worker finds himself on the blacklist, ha report to
Headquartera and notify that camp
he Ib blacklisted from, and that
camp take action and produce no
logs until the blacklist has been
lifted, and Headquarters and employment offices have bsen notified.
I would also suggest for Headquarters to have several thousand
stickers printed and stick thero
even to Quebec, if need be, to Inform the workera what Hick's
office Is and to stay away from It,
and also blacklist the Europe
hotel and Its management for renting that offlce to Hicks. Fellow
workers, do not let us read how
bad your camp conditions are, We
have heard about them for this
last generation, but how good conditions you have, and how satisfied you are, for remember we
make the camp our home. An engine won't run without ateam; Its
The executivo have made arrangements for Fellow Workers
Higgins and J. Simpson to organize throughout the Bast each, If
found possible, doing so tn company with a local French-speaking
organizer. W. Cowan was instructed to make his central point at
Montreal, endeavoring to get as
much as possible tn touch with the
longshoremen and teamsters of
that city who, when transportation
closes, usually make for the camps.
Fellow Worker J. Grieder was Instructed to organize throughout the
Nelson, Penticton and KamtoopB
districts on hts way to the coast
from the Port Arthur convention.
Upon request of the delegates attending Port Arthur who desired
that a referendum should be issued
to the membership asking If they
endorse or not the action of the
delegates In withdrawing from the
convention, the executive circularized all district executives asking
for the necessary authorty. In addition they requested authority to
submit the following questions:
2. In view of t.he action of the
convention, do you dealre this organization to take part ln any referendum on the convention proceedings If same is laaued by the
O. B. U. executive?
3. Are you In ravor' of maintaining a Lumber, Camp and Agricultural Workers' Department ot
the One Big Union, and retaining
the right to maintain your own
headquarters for the purpose of
giving apeclal attention to the
needs and requirements of the
workers within those Industries,
and to issue such supplies as the
special needs of the organization
The authority having been forthcoming, the referenda has been Issued and owing to all members of
the executive b«.lng affected by the
result It has been deemed advisable that all ballots shall be sent
to headquarters, addressed to the
chartered accountants who will
open and count the votes, reporting
the result to the membership.
As a result of the recent referenda on general convention proceedings all motions submitted
were carried In tho affirmative.
Carl E. Berg was elected to the
vacancy on the executive. Arrangements have been made to use for
Lumberworkers and O. B. U, news
two pages each Issue In thc Swedish paper, the Forum, Issued at
Winnipeg. JCb soon as circumstances permit a similar arrangement will bo made with a working-
class paper ln the Italian language.
The governmont road Job between Coal Harbor and Hardy Bay
Is run as one might expect from a
government such as exists in this
province. $4.50 a day, bum tents,
small box stoves or none at all,
oheap mattresses on shakes, no
springs. Men work on job with
bosa patrolling along the line as
If they were a bunch of convicts.
Perhaps they feel like lt Any normal man would who realized that
he was assisting In reducing the
standard of living and working
conditions which his fellow-workers had organized to get.
Friend Stevens ls boss and Kelly
ls straw. Have not heard any one
atate yet that either of them Insisted upon having union men or
enforcing the union standard.
Haven't seen any copies of the
Health Act posted up around the
It's time aomethlng was done to
handle the booze Joint operating In
this district The boya don't want
it, but while lt Ib here aome of
thom will probably mnke use of Jt.
If the so-called forces of law
and order" won't act the organization must And If there is no other
way of doing so they may have to
build a prace of their own and
run lt In the Interests of the men
who will at least get a full plate of
good food and a clean freah bed,
Instead of the claas of accommodation handed out to them now.
A. McFarlane, compensation
claim No. 661006, previously working for Whalons at Port Alice.
Any one knowing the present
address of Ralph Mitchell, please
communicate with Vancouver htad-
quartcrs,  61  Cordova street west.
time to get aome steam Into your-
aelvea and go againat the avalanche of rotten^condltions with tia
cans all over the cook houae and
bunk houses over run wtth bed
buga, and In tbe future let ua hear,
of more better results. The slave*
that are going out for piece work,
you do not know what harm you
are creating. Remember the Httla
fellow that la going Into.,theae industries. A nice condition you aro
creating with . yoar .. speed-up
system, all for a few dollars more.
For when you lay down and turn
the lights out, not one red cent
will you have more, for aa sure aa
heaven Is above when the depression comes you will be the guilty
onea of putting theae camps back
to a ten hour baals. Fellow work-
era don't pack a card and call
yourselves Union men, but come into the ranks of Industrial Unionism and Solidarity,
Yours for Industrial Unionism,
The alma and object of the O.
B. U. la to organiie the working
class of Canada regardleaa of race,
creed or" sex, or at lea«t that la
what somo of ua were led to be-
The particular braneh of the O,
B. U. that la singled out for abuse
and blind criticism by the officials
big and amall of the O. B. U. is the
L. C. and A. W. department. If
theBe officials do not understand
the structure, of the L. C. and A,
W. department It la roughly aa
The organisation- la built from
the job lip, and the back bone ot
the organixatton Is the camp delegate and camp committee who are
elected by the membera on the job,
and are responsible to none but the
members who elected them, and
who can be flred any time they do
not carry out the Instructions, of
the members on the Job; not the
instructions of officials sitting in
big offices.
The tuncton of the camp delegate is to take ln new members, .
collect dues and remit eame to dlatrlct Headquarters, distribute all
literature and correspond with dlitrlet Headquarters as instructed by
the members on the Job.
The function of the camp committee ls to Investigate all grievances, place all demands of the members before the employers or their1
representatives on the Job, arrange
for -camp meetings, Interview all
new men coming on the job as to
whether they belong to the union,
and generally look after the Interests of the members on the Job.
Districts are composed of the
camps In a particular area, and
hold conventions every six months
which are composed ot delegates
elected for that purpoie by the
members on the Job. They nominate delegates-for the position cf
secretary treaaurer, and Executive
Committee, discuss the problems of
the workers In their own district,
elect, tf they wish, delegates to
the General Convention of the L. C.
and A. W. department and the O.
B. U. Conventions draw up by-lawi
for running the district. All decisions arrived at are submitted to
the membership for ratification or
rejection as they aee flt
The duties of the Secretary Treasurer are of a various nature and
only those who have had the job
can really understand what a man
haa to put up with, being balled at
least twelve times a day Is one ot
them, look after the literature, office ataff, and correspond with all
the camp delegates on the business
of the members on the job. If he
ever forgets, which ts seldom, he
never forgets the balling out he
gets .from tho delegate..
The duties of the Executive
Commltte are to carry out the Instructions of the convention when
endorsed by the members and they
are responsible for the conduct of
tho organization between conven-
General conventions have been
held every six months, and are for
the purposo ot linking up the different districts and for the purpose
of discussing the problems that
confront the camp workera as a
whole, methods of organizing and
educating the workers in the lumber Industry and the nomination
of Secretary Treasurer and Executive Committee, All dicisiiuis arrived at are submitted to the mem.
berahlp for their approval or rejection.
This ls ai near thc Shop Steward
movement as It Is possible to make
lt, tuking Into consideration that
wo work in a peculiar Industry under peculiar conditions as a whole.
If the officials, big and small, who
aro suffering from an acute attack
of the green-eyed monster, tinged
with a dash of envy, would spend
the time uaed In criticising .the L.
C. und A. W. department and howling outside the portals of the A. F.
of L. like a bunch of coyotes, tn
organizing the unorganized workers ln the main industries of Canada, the O. B. U. would be ln better position ln regard to membership.
In regard to geographical organization we are ready In several
places In Canada to form councils
of thc different Industries, but tf .
thc critics will point out to the L.
C. and A. W. department where
they have ever refused to co-operate with them, we will be only too
glad of the Information, aa wo can
then place the blamo where it belongs, but at the present time it ta
an Impossibility to" link up with
something that does not exist
Tho majority of the members ot
tho L. C. and A. W. department
hnve noi evoluted from the craft
unions, never having beep members of such an organization, and
wtll be only too pleased to have
any ono show them how they can
Improve their organization, but until BUCh time as thc self-appointed
critk's have piot'cn to the satisfaction of tho L. C. and A. W, department that they are able to organise
tho other industries to at least the
standard of his department we are
quite willing to do «ur own organizing, and can very well dispense
with the unsolicited advices of the
would-be H.iv.t'iii's of the working
class of C&nada. Organize anti
educate the workers first.
h. w. Mcknight.
twelfth thar. no. ,3  THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   vancoutbr, b. a
' FRIDAY .Ootobor 82,  1920
Publishod evory Friday morning by The B. 0.
Federationitt, Limited
Offloe:   Room 1, Victoria Block, 1,2 Pender
Street Wost
Tolephono Seymour 5871
Bubsoribtion Bates: United States and Foreign,
13.00 per year;,Canada, ,2.50 per year, $1.60
for six months: to Unions subscribing in a
body, 16c per member per montb*
Unity of Labor: The Hope of tha World
..October 22, 1920
CAPITALISM is in for another, Wige
jolt. Whether it will survive it wfll
remain to be seen, but in the meantime
and during the coming' depression the
workers are going to have   strenuous
times, and the eats will be
STORMY mighty scarce. The finan-
DAYS cial magnates who now oon-
AHEAD '    trol industry are up against
a proposition that cannot be
avoided, and which Socinlists have pointed out must eventually be faced, and
that is the stoppage of industry because
of the lack of markets. The United
States has been shipping commodities
to Europe for which no payments have
been made and cannot be made,' due to
the fact that Europe is bankrupt financially, morally and intellectually. The
statesmen of the old world have in their
ignorance hastened the fall of the capitalistic system by their actions, which
demonstrate that they do not even understand the system that gives the ruling class its profits. Great Britain is
also facing a crisis that will shake that
country to its depths, and the outcome
of the miners' strike may be more mo-
mentuous than the government had any
idea of when it forced the miners into
the position that they could do nothing
else but cease work.
* ■ •' •
The capitalist press has stated that
the strike will not affect the United
States, but it will affect all European
countries, and by so doing must affect
that country as well, for no nation can
escape the results of a stoppage of industry in any part of the capitalistic
world if it is on as large a scale as it
would appear likely to be in the Old
Land. In their desperation the Allies
may attempt to increase'their supply of
coal from the Bhur district in Germany,
and by so doing cause such a turmoil in
that country as to cause a political upheaval, and no matter which way they
turn the present rulers~can only speed
the day when their continued rule must
end by the break-down of the present
system. Contrary to the misinformation
which, has appeared in the press of this
country, the miners of the Old Land are
not responsible for the strike. The cause
of the strike 'is the industrial depression
in the Old Land. The government, realizing that a general curtailment of industry would cause resentment against
it,, has deliberately engineered the striko
so that the blame for the consequent unemployment could be thrown on to the
miners. The Daily Hfcrald, in an editorial
a short time before the strike was called,.
. had the following to say:
.* * ' <
There is' a slackness of trade at the
present which is due solely to the
muddle and waste of the capitalist
system. As a result of this it is generally believed that the big employers in many industries would welcome the opportunity of closing
down temporarily. This would cause
immense distress to the workers, and
the employers would of course shift
all the blame on to the miners if
there was a strike.
•In spito of "Sir Eobert Hume's disclaimers, the workers of the country
will connect these rumors with the
present temper of the employing
class and with the government's bitter obstinacy in the negotiations, and form a shrewd idea as
to who it is that really "wants a
While this country may not be affect-
' ed to the same extent as will the U. S. A.
and Grent Brtiain by the coming financial panic, which is indicated by the fall
in prices of cotton, wheat and many
other things, yet it will be felt here, and
the same tactics will bo employed by the
ruling class as will bc employed in the
States. Wages will be cut, the workers
will be accused of all manner of crimes,
of sabotaging production and bringing
the country to destruction, etc., etc., but
even while thc employing class has beea
crying for greater production, the system itself has demanded that production
: should be curtailed. The near
future will demonstrate how far
the ruling class will go in its madness, injunctions will become common, and cool heads and a clear.understanding will be needed in this oountry
as the depression develops or the work-
' ers will be subjected to the iron heel
of capitalism. Today more than ever
knowledge is power. Knowledge of the
situation on the part of the working
class will prevent tho workers walking
into pitfalls, and in this country which
can only be compared to a village in
the' capitalistic world, the workers
should be prepared to meet the employing class with a knowledge and under.
standing that will be thcir stand by iu
the coming days. It must ever be remembered by the workers in this country that nothing can be done to bring
thc system to an end in Canada, that
capitalism must collapse in the older
countries before the end of the system
can be accomplished, and with a working1 class that has a thorough _ under-'
standing of the coming events, this country should go through the transition period with less trouble than will be possible in the more crowded and indus
trialized portions of the world. The
greatest work before all working • class
organizations in this country is to spread
the knowledge which will explain the
coming events in the light of the materialistic conception of history, and the class
struggle that is now more manifest than
ever before.
NOW that it is practically assured that
a provincial election mil take plaee
before the end of the year, the necessity
of considering what aetion the working
class will take in the elections must be
considered. As we
THE COMING have already pointed
ELECTION AND out in these columns,
EDUCATION there will be differences of opinion on
this subject. The fact, however, remains
that there will be a large number of workers who will favor the running of working class candidates. The type of candidates nominated by the workers will show
the extent of the knowledge of those that
nominate them, and will also demonstrate
the need of propaganda on working class
lines. There are numerous men that can
be chosen who could be "elected," but
their election'would men nothing unless
they are capable of carrying on the education of the working class on class lines,
and whieh must, to be of any value, be
baseoton a'thorough understanding of the
working class position.
* * «
Wo are given to understand that the
labor candidate in the Yale constituency
has withdrawn from the field because of
the opinion expressed by many workers
in that district that his candidature with
a farmer and a government candidate in
the field would ensure the eleetion of the
government candidate. The Fanhers,
however, have oMered the platform to
labor speakers during the campaign so
that the industrial workers may voice
their views. This is a peculiar situation.
No section of the working class needs to
thoroughly understand their position
more than the farmers, and while very
little educational work may be done in
the by-election, the ooming provincial
elections will offer an opportunity that
should not be missed. The coming days
will be full of turmoil and hardship; the
amount of understanding the people have
of the causes of their miseries will largely
determine their actions, and every constituency should, if possible, be contested,
not with the idea of electing men, but of
educating the members o'f the working
class, and this is the most pressing need
of the time. Working class representatives in the legislatures could do but little
if anything to alleviate the pressure, they
might, -however, have an influence on the
activities of the government with respect
to the working class actions,' but the
education of the working class will have
more to do with the actions of the
workers than all the governments eould
have. Fore-warned is forearmed, and the
educational work that could be done in an
election is considerable, but the candidates must be men that understand the
position of the working class, or they can
not carry on'this necessary work, and
care in their selection is as important as
the work they will be called upon to do.'
TO the student of human nature, and
particularly of the psychology of the
people, the manner in which the multitude is swayed by things that don't matter is the most noticeable. The number of
people that turned out oy
A LITTLE Wednesday night to get
FOOD FOE the results of the plcbis-
THOUOHT cite, when it was raining
considerably, was one instance. Another was the outcry when it
was announced that the Board of Commerce had raised the price of sugar to
21 cents per pound. The racket that was
made - on . both occasions was great
enough to have been caused by some happening that was of vital moment to the
peoplo, while as a matter of fact neither
of them was sufficient to warrant an extra headline, Prices havo bcen soaring
for a number of years now, and nothing
much has been heard about it except from
those that least understood the upward
tendencies, and naturally they made the
most noise, and had the least to offer as
to the.cause. In the case of thc plebiscite,
the situation still remains thc same. Under the Prohibition Act liquor could bc
secured, and under government e6ntrol it
will also be obtainable.
» * «
This peculiar psychology demonstrates
that the mind of the average individual
is not overtaxed with work, and that instead of being a thinking individual the
average person is a creature of habit, and
due to this fact, the present ruling class,
through the press, is able to keep the
wprkers at all times chasing rainbows,
such as the high cost of living, tariffs, and
other things that do not concern them.
While the people of this country became
unduly excited over the Board of Commerce order concerning sugar, events that
were happening in Europe that are of
vital importance were hastily passed
over. The uprising of the Italian workers had little significance to the average
person, except for them to express such
thoughts as, the workers are becoming unreasonable, or some, other such monumental expression of ignorance.
♦ * *
There never was an uprising ^without
a causo. There was never a strike without some real, and in the eyes of those
concerned, vital reason for it. And there
will never be a revolution unless tho conditions #compel the people to rise and
overthrow their rulers. There could not
be a class struggle unless there was an
exploited and oppressed class in society,
and strikes and uprisings such as took
place in Italy aro all manifestations of
tho class strugglo that is going on in society, and it is the workers tn the mine,
mill and factory ..that aro beginning to ask
' questions, and to use their brains, and are
attempting to understand the underlying
causes of their miseries. In spito of these
facts, the average small busiui*. man. the
farmor that "owns" his farm, -and the
small property owner, all put these indications of a class struggle down to^the
perversity of a buneh of agitators aiid
anarchists. The struggle that we see between the working class and the ruling
class all over the world, and which is
manifested in different ways, in different
countries, by the seizing of the factories
in Italy, and the minors' strike in Great
Britian, all arise out of the one cause, and
that is the class ownership of the means
of wealth production. Opponents of Socialism take the position that if the working class ever get control of the state,
that it will only mean a change of ownership from one class to another. But when
the means ef wealth production are taken
over by the working class, the workers
will abolish the private ownership of the
wherewithall by which the necessities of
life are produced, and wipe out human exploitation, which in the last analysis is
human slavery, and along with it classes.
The uninitiated, classes the uprisings of
the workers as anarchy, and calls for
law and order. At the same time millions
are starving to death ns a result of anarchy that reigns throughout the capitalistic world. Here are a few figures as to
what the late war under "sane statesmanship" did for democracy, the figures
are not ours but were clipped from an
article in the local press.
The cost 'of the world -war to the
human race is estimated at 35,000,000
lives, according to the figures of the
Danish statistician, Doring. The figures, published here with comment on
the losses, about equal the present
population of France., Of the total,
Doring counts 10,000,000 killed in action or-died from wounds, 5,000,000
from the increase in mortality among
4he civilian population during the
.war, but the largest group estimated
is the loss of 20,000,000 due to the
abnormal decreases in the birth rate..
¥ * *
Apathetic as the average" individual
may be, these figures should at least get
someone to think, and to investigate a
systenj of society that produced sueh conditions as made it possible for so many
lives being offered on the altar of profits,
and ruling class democracy, which dictates that there shall be a slave class in
society, in order that the ruling class may
revel in luxury that the world's workers
have made possible. Surely the price of
sugar cannot be looked upon as very vital,
or whether the government is debased by
the selling of liquor cannot be considfered
important when these facts and figures
are considered, along with the dying.millions in Europe who have been condemned
to death by capitalism. If this is not anarchy, then we don't know what it means,
The Carpenter, the official organ of the
United Brotherhood of Carpenters in a
recent issue published an editorial on reciprocity. Not, however, reciprocity1 between nations but between the members
of that organization and its general officers. The reciprocity advocated being an
increase of wages for these officials. In
a plaintive wail, the, Carpenter "states thnt
"business agents are paid more in some localities than any of our general officers,
and one cannot help but feel that the
time has come to remedy sueh conditions^' As the general president of the
Carpenters gett $5000 per year, some of
the business agents must be doing well
and all we can say is that if the members
of that organization have no more sense
than to pay those fancy salaries, then they
deserve all they get, for neither the business agents or the general officers are
worth it, judging, by their actions.
Some considerable comment has* been
made by the press of this country on the
failure of Canada to send an ambassador
to Washington. Whilo this may have
been an oversight on thc part of the Canadian Government, the U. S. financial magnates have made no mistake in having
control of affairs in this country. Jjvery
act of the present government is dictated
by Wall Street, even the passing of the
infamous amendments to the Immigration
Act followed immediately after a visit to
Ottawa by Pibrpont Morgan.
Pritchard Gives His Views
on Differences in 0. B. U.
WHILBJ Comrade W. A. Pritohard la atlll ln gaol, yet he hai
not lost hla Intereat ln the
movement that he haa at all tlmu
striven to advance-^-tha working
claaa movement—aa the following
article,' written in gaol, on the differences In tho O, B. U„ will ahow:
Present address and occupation
preclude possibility of an extended
statement from me bu* noticing the
growing dimensions of the dispute
between the L, \v. X. U. and the
general executive board of the 6.
B. U„ I considered a word from
youri truly might not be "out of
Perhaps, owing to circumstances,
I may laok perspective or reveal
lack of knowledge of details, but
as It seems to nre behind all the
verbiage Ilea an issue which I perceived at the one or two executive
meetings held ln Winnipeg last
winter at the time of "our"
Winch, who was a member of
the board at the time, frankly
avowed that apart from the general movement and its needs he
would be for the lumber workera
all the time. We attempted to
point out that where the workers
of Winnipeg to adopt the Same outlook, proceedings-would be impossible and only chaos could result.
Of course I 'know that in the
minds of some of the spokesmen
of the lumber workers resides the
concept that as far aB the O. B. U.
Is concerned we (the L. W. I. U.)
are lt. All of which may be so, but
it does not carry us ahead.
At the provisional convention
held early ln June, 1919, at Calgary, where the O. B. U. tentative
constitution was drafted, we had
to combat some of the freakish no-
Royal Commission Report Turned
Down By Minors of Sprlngli.H1,
Nova Scot!«
(By the Federated Press.)
Springhiil,  Nova ^Scotia. —-By a
vote of 643 to -3 the miners of this
district rejected as a whole the report of the royal commission which
recently Investigated the mining industry in Nova   Scotia   and   New
Brunswick.   By 482 to 58 the miners also rejected the recommendations of the United Mine Workers
cxocutivo.   The miriers want the increased  pay retroactive to May 1
instead of June 1. Over 60 per cent
tlons that apparently contribute
much of the difficulty to the present misunderstanding. We had to
point out then, that no creator
(worshipper) of fortittoui wheels
could come into Western Canada
and make such wheel .fit (west of
lhe Great Lakes only was represented at that convention). That
much aa members of, say, the
building industry might have in
•common in Winnipeg with the
same industry In Vancouver, tho
problems of every day Ufa made
more oommon the interests between them and other workers of
other trades, working ln the same
Practical experience teaches
more than idealistic recipes for
the restaurants of the future, whether the diagram bo circular or
rhomboldal and the.lumber workers or miners of Nova Scotia may
have need of greater co-operation
with the workers of that locality
than with the minera or lumber
workers of Vancouvor Island.
After all, the real question Is:
What is the most effective form of
weapon to deal with, tho encroachments of capital?
How best can the sellars of labor
power fight the buyers of labor
Whatever merit may exist in the
contention of the Lumber Workers
re the form of organisation could
provide no excuse for the deliberate sabotage of the general treasury, moro particularly when the
need .for initial organization work
is as urgent as at* present.
Phone Seymoar 2492 «
next Week
Ralph Connor's Famout
The Sky Pilot"
Foaturlng Ray Collins
Ntxt Week
With Six Olevor Youngsters
 Other Big Features
S.>P. OF 0., 401 PENDER ST. E.
Economic class every Sunday afternoon, commencing at
3 o'clock.
•History class every Thursday evening, commencing at
8 o'clock.
These classes are of paramount interest and necessity to ,
the working class, and are conducted and assisted by
thoroughly competent instructors.
Naturally, after the example of thc
Canadian government in the Winnipeg
strike, the British government will have
all the strike leaders arrested to save the
country from revolution. But. it is possiblo that British statesmen are not as
nervous as the Canadian variety. In that
event thero will bc no arrests unless the
Hon. Arthur should go over and show
them how it is done in this country. He
may yet' be hailed as tho savior of the
Empire. _.
Henry Ford has conferred a "staggering" blow to the high cost of living by
reducing the soiling costs of his cars,. In
fact, it has been bo staggering that the
workers are at this time wondering
whether they will put their saving* in
the bank or buy another flivver. A monument should at once be erected to this
benefactor of the human race, before»the
price of marble or other material used in
monuments goes out of sight. |'° :
Now that the "wets" hav»" won,1 the
workert may be able to take a little tjiirf.e
off to study their conditions under prohibition, and find out just how far they
have advanced on the road to prosperity.
If brains could produce wealth without
labor power the present ruling class
would starve to death if all they had to
do was to pick what they needed from
It would appear that it was about time
that the old gag of capital and labor getting together was trotting out again. We
have not heard it fir at least two weeks.
The Soviet regime has not been overthrown this week. The press has evidently forKotten to do the trick.
Custom-Tailored Suits
Strictly to order to your individual style and
requirements, from
Our affiliations with the woollen trade" enable
us to import direct from the best mills in Bri-
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.supervise every operation. Our many years'
experience ensure you obtaining the strongest
personal service- and perfect fit. Our guarantee is to give satisfaction. '
Walker and Robinson
(Union Shop)
from $15.00 up, and
good stylish coats, too.
Nearly down to prewar prices (not quite).
rubber. clothing
Wool blankets
Commencing from $6
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from $9.00
Boots for Boys, flirts
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Robber Boots of All
.    Kinds
18 and 20 CoriorA StrwMJsat
444 A&-^ 	
Diamond Jewellery
We mount Diamonds either alone or in combination with
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Mounted in platinum, white gold or yellow, gold, ar#
some beautiful diamond-set pieces all ready for immediate wear.
Or you may select from our display bf loose diamonds th*
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Our Diamond Engagement Rings are very "taking."
Tlio Houie of Diamond.
tao-iae OranvUle Stnet
At Corner 1'endel
Excellent quality, perfect
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ot dentistry at
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80S Oranvillo Street
Open oroninga between 8 and 0
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Phon* Seymoar 8238
•i tmi Tiff i
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street'
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
0. J. Mengel
Writes all classes of insurance.
Representing only first-class
Board companies. If Insuranco
is wanted, write or phone Sey.
Offloe   address,   308-8   Winch
Building, Vnncouver, B. O.
ltiiig up Phone Seymour 2851
for appointment
Dr. W. J. furry
Suite 301 Dominion BuUdinj
Offln Hoan:   lo to 11 i.m„ 1 le I
p.ra.   Evenings: 7 to 8 p.m. Mon.
ley, Wedneidiy end Friday.
Pbone ley. M0.
Dr. Willard Coates
Chiropractor ud Druglesi Phyilelsa
(Successor to Dr. John Grey)
•0-81-89 P. Burns Bldf., 18 Hastfefi
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Phone Sey. 221      D»y or XljM
Nunn, Thornton A Olegf
Ml Homer at  Vucouyer, B. Ol
1110 o«or|U Street
Sundty cervices. 11 e.m. end T.I0 pm.
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Dr. Edgar W. Moore
40S-101-10S Outer-Cotton Bldf.
Hastings and Cambie Sti,
Phone Sey. 3SB2
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Funerals of Dignity at Fair
Falrvlew:  Office and Chapel,
2898 Oranvllle Street
Phone Bay 3200.
North Vancouver: Oiilco and
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Phone N. V. 124.
Mount Pleasant:   Office and
Chapel, 2128 Main St
Phone Fairmont 82.
f 16' Hastings St. E.
Patronise Those Wbo Patronise Teal
IT la aa enormous taik today for
matin fttuturers of telephone equipment to maintain an adequate ont-
put. Thoy are away behind In tbeir
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raw materials, Inefficient transportation and otber causes. In the mean*
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the means at'her disposal. Bhe ta
working harder than ever, realising
that tbe telephone ls a great factor
In social and business life. To ber
belongs the oredit of assuming greater
burdens boeause of shortage of equip*
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British Columbia Telephone Co.
M.F. EBYfB.A.,M.E.
Swedish Massage, Badlaat Heat ud
Electrical Treatment, of all klnda.
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Phone Sey. 1759
Olve  a  little  encouragement  to
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Purchase early and preserve your health
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2 Stores
309 HASTINGS W.        623 GRANVILLE ST.
(Continued from page I)
' any, we would have to deal with
Secretary Clark brought thii
matter up on the floor of the convention ln the aame manner as
Winch, but with a different threat
Thla time lt waa that, It the per
capita was not accepted, somothing
lerloua was going to happen. What
that meant, none of ua knew, but
be waa told the same as Winnh,
that we had a secretary for that
purpose to whom he could take
the money. But he did not take
advantage of this, nor did he take
advantage of two or three other
opportunities, especially one when
Delegate Beard aaked him to come
down from the gallery and pay the
per capita lf he had any intention
of so doing. Ns, boys, they did
not want to, because they had come
for a purpose, and they were not
•ure of making that purpose stick.
Tou ask why I say thlsT On my
way to Port Arthur I called, as I
generally do, at the Lumber Workers qfflces ln Vancouver. X was
told by J. M. Clark that we were
going to be flattened at the coming
oonvention. At the time I thought
It wu a joke, and took .It as such,
but what can I think now? We
also flnd from a Swedish paper
that Berg was boasting that they
would capture the organization at
the coming convention at Port Arthur. Na doubt, you will hare the
pleasure of reading it for yourselves, as I am hoping this letter
of Berg's will be published now
that this matter haa come Into the
In closing, I want to say that lf
we wanted anything but smoothness in this organization, we could
have objected to all -tye Lumber
WorkerB' credentials, as although
■ we have no hidebound law in our
constitution regarding per capita
tax, every person knows that so
long as we have a per capita tax
system, we must be ruled on a per
capita tax basis. But we had no
Objection to the men who had
been eleoted at the Logegsr' oonvention and why they should walk
but ls beyond my comprehension,
u lt did not change their voting
strength one lota. The constitution does say that a delegate must
be elected from a Central Couhcll,
District Board or Isolated unit
Every one knows that Winch has
lived and worked on the .coast
since the' founding of the Lumber
■ Workers' organisation jand that
he was not elected as a delegate
either at the coast of the general
convention, and lf he was eleoted
by Cranbrook district, why were
his' credentials not marked by
cranbrook officials? With reference to Cowan, the officials did' not
know what to do with him, as
Sudbury dlstriot, whioh ho had
been elected to represent, were not
entitled ts elect a delegate, as no
per capita had been paid on that
dlstriot to the O. B. B., and they
endeavored to secure credentials
for him from Prince Upuert. The
boy from Fort Francis (Nell) told
me that he had been sont for by
Get the
Love Habit!
Buy FtnunnJiiE, stoves,
BEDS, Etc, at cost. Our stock
Is Big ,and so are our Bargains. Watoh our Auction
Snaps. Furniture Bought ana
Love & Co.
Phone Seymour 3745
Winch and that was all he knew,
and I understand that hli credentials, were signed by Winch .and
Higgins. The Thunder Bay Council had paid their per capita, and
the two delegatea had only a voting strength of one, whilst a roll
call vote could' he demanded on
any point or question. This scrap
had to come, and In my opinion,
should have been tackled in earnest at the January oonvention, but
at any rate, lt has made us put one
oi* two hard and fast, rules Into our
constitution, which may be the
cause of temporarily losing a few
members, but ln the end the organisation will be the gainer, for irrespective of our petty squabbles,
we shall be forced ahead by our
economle condition, and will move
along until our historic mission Is
Misleading Propaganda
Editor B. C. Federationist: The
person who ls responsible for the
articles appearing on the Lumber
Workers' page in The Federatlonist
Is disseminating a great deal of
falso and misleading propaganda.
The chief object of which Is apparently to bolster up the official positions which are menaced by the
decisions of the Fort Arthur convention ln favor of a one general
headquarters, one general executive
board, and ona common membership receipt.
An Indication of ths misleading
nature of this propaganda may be
gathered by the cuts that Were run
In the Lumber Workers' page last
week depicting the receipts Issued
by the Oeneral Exeouttve Board and
the Lumber Workers' Executive.
The One Big Union Receipt was out
down to the quarter ot its actual
size while that of the lumber workers was shown nearly full size. The
cut of lumber workers' receipt
also shows part of their bookkeeping system.
In referring to the O .B. U. official receipt, the writer ot this
article (which ls unsigned), In referring to the O. B. U. official receipt, says that It li "unnecessarily
expensive' and In referring to the
lumber workers' receipt, he states
that—'the printing saves unnecessary expense," These two would
lead one to believe that the One
Big Union receipt was more expensive than thai; used by the lumber
workers; when aa a matter of fact,
the reverse Is the case, the lumber
workera receipt books cost a gr'eat
deal more to print than those Issued
by the One Big Union.
Again he deliberately misstates
the tacts when he refers to clause
28 ot the O. B. U. Constitution.
Clause 21 reads as follows:
"Each organization affiliated with
the O. B. U. must use the official
membership receipt, unless exempt
by tho General Executive Board."
The general exeoutlve board have
not granted exemption to the lumber workera or any one else.
One oonvention of the lumber
workers passed a resolution that the
official membership receipt should
be used by the lumber workers, but
the ambidextrous Lumber Workers' Oeneral Secretary, got around
that little difficulty by having a
receipt printed that looked like the
official receipt and had the untrue
statement printed thereon, "Ono
Big Union, Official Membership
Receipt," Down at the bottom of
the r'ecclpt, as can be seen ln the
cut, Is printed a statement that
"This receipt oan be Issued to any
wage worker, etc."
The One Big Union has never
given the Lumber Workers' General Secretary permission to print
such a receipt.
The Port Arthur eonvention (Including the Lumber Workers' delegates, who did not walk out), approved of the present triplicate
membership receipt and the method of bookkeeping was referred to
tha executive to make some necessary changes In the ledger sheet.
But what lies behind all this attack on the One Big Union by the
officials of the lumber' workers.
The lumber workers' delegates
who walked out of the Port Arthur
convention did not do ao because
of any difference of opinion over
bookkeeping methods, but because
thoy demanded a voting power In
excess of all the other dolegates
combined, and    because   they de-
Expert Work and Satisfaction Guaranteed ,
The O.B.U. Shop
Just off Hastings Street.    Phone R. F. 954
manded the seating of three delegates who had not been Regularly
elected according to the constitution, from their own dlstriot, both
ot whioh propositions the credential oommlttee refused to entertain
and their report was adopted by
the convention.
The credential committee were
willing to seat every delegate who
had been regularly elected, and
gave them voting power according
to the per capita tax that had been
paid since the previous convention.
' The lumber workers organisation
was three monthi In arrears for
per oaptla tix, not because.the
member* had not paid their dues,
but because their officials had used
the money in various adventures in
different parts of the country. Not
ln organizing lumber workers, but
ln many cases the money was spent
ln competing with other branches
of the O. B. U. for membership outside ot the lumber1 Industry entirely
and thousands of dollars have been
spent ln sending aeoretarys from
Vanoouver to open up unnecessary
The. Oeneral Seoretary of the
lumber workers has admitted that
they spent thousands ot dollars.-ln
the Cobalt district. The Cobalt la
a metal, mining district and the
Oeneral Executive Board of the O,
B, U. had commenced organization
work thero when the lumber workers' organizers, sent from Vancouver at considerable expense, went
ther'e and reorganized these metal
miners Into lumber workers, offices
with lumber workers' receipts. At
the first opportunity the minera
took possession of the organization
and attached themselves direot to
the O. B. U. and the men ..sent out
fr'om,the lumber workers' headquarters in Vancouver had to be
recalled at more expenae.
What the metal miners of that
district think of the lumber workers' organization is shown ln the
following resolution adopted at*the
Port Arthur convention:
Resolution, No. 16.    By Kirkland
Lake, Ont., Metal Miners' Unit.
"Resolved, That Whereas, the.
structure of O. B. U., as stated in
the Constitution, leaves no room
for Jurisdictional disputes, the fact
that same have arisen, indicates
that the Constitution Is not being
lived up to, and
"Whereas, passive acquiescence
in this violation of the basic structure of the O. B. U. can only lead
to separation and development of
organizations similar to the Internationals; bo It
"Resolved. That this convention
go on record as favoring one Central Office, through which both industries ,and districts composing
the O. B. U. will transact their business, and further be -it
"Resolved, That the Lumber* Workers be asked to adjust their structure or Constitution to meet the requirements of the O. B. U. Constitution, so that unity of action and
purpose may be possible."
ThlB* resolution ^ was adopted
unanimously by the convention,
and upon motion, a special committee was applnted to draft amendments to the constitution, ln accordance with the policy laid down
in Resolution No. 10.
The General Secretary of the
Lumber Workers haa also admitted
that a large sum of money has been
expended in opening and maintaining an office at Winnipeg.
The Winnipeg Lumber Workers'
office has competed for membership with the established O. B. U.
Units ln that city and the seoretary has admitted having enrolled
a number of members that art not
engaged In the lumber Industry.
The Winnipeg office was opened
after .the Port Arthur Lumber
Workers had decided to withdraw
from the Central Executive Board
of the lumber worker's and attach
themselves direct to the Thunder
Bay Central Labor Council at Fort
William, and literature was Issued
from this Winnipeg office to the
employera that would disgrace the
most reactionary A. F. of L. organization, and attacks" were also
made on the Port Arthur lumb.er
workers for withdrawing from the
Vancouver headquartera.
A resolution was adopted by the
Winnipeg Central Labor .Council
similar to the one adopted above.
The Princeton Unit has also
been the target for the attacks of
the lumber workers' officials becauae they had the temerity to
withdraw from the Central Executive Board of the lumber workeri.
and attach themselveB to the One
Big Union. After Princeton had
commenced organization work at
Penticton among the Irrigation
workers, the Cordova street office
sent delegate into Fentlctlon and
reorganized the O. B. U. members
into members of the lumber workers. Many other Instances could be
cited to show that the main object
has not been to organize the lumber Industry/but to grab membera
Irrespective ot their1 occupation.
If the lumber workers' delegates
Who withdrew frpm the reoent convention really dealred "rank and
file control,' why did they walk
out? All the. amendments to the
O. B. U. constitution are being submitted to the "rank nnd file" to
voto upon, and the lumber'workers'
officials are showing their anxiety
for "rank and file control" by trying to prevent their membership
from voting on the amendments to
the constltutoln that haa been sent
out by the G. E. B. of the O. B, U.
In another artlole on the Lumber Workers' page, entitled, "Sabotaging the Per Capita," the writer makea another misstatement
when he states that they "offered
to give checks to cover the arrears
for the two last months." As has
been pointed out before, at no stage
of the proceedings was a check
tendered ln payment of the per
capita. This article concludes with
tho question, "Who says that the
lumber workers are sabotaging?."
No one said that the lumber workers were sabotaging,fbut we do
say, and are . prepared to prove,
that the responsible officials of the
lumber1 workers' organization have
sabotaged on the One Big Union.
In fact, the officials have withheld
support to the general organization
for nearly five months now and lf
the rest of the membership had
acted in tho same manner the recent convQntlon would not have
been held because the general
headquatrers would have been out
of business,
Owing to tho sale of the Vancouver Lnbor Temple, the rffloes of
the Fedorationist have been moved
to Rooms 1 and a, Victoria Block,
343 Pender Street'West. Corrc-
spnwlents are requested to makn
note ol litis,
Threatens to Strangle the
liberties of the
The war that we were told wM
to end war hu turned out to be a
pretext for turning Australia into
an armed camp with a greater
naval and military fores than ovot
before. Tha present anti-Labor
federal government was hardly ln
power ln Australia than a committee was set to work to carve out a
future naval and military polioy foi*
that oountry. The report of- this
committee has made recommendations to the government which if
accepted, will make Australia a
vast armed camp ahd burden lt
with a terrific load of expenditure.
That the Australian government has
not so far endorsed the recommendations Is only becauBf lt fears the
storm of protest whloh will ba
aroused by the people were lt to
do so.
But it can be taken fox* granted
that in the end the aim of the
militarists and navallsts wlU be
achieved. Already leading speak'
ers and orators have been brought
to Australia in the person of Qeiir
eral Blrdwood, Admir'al Jelltcoe,
and such like folk who make it
their speolal duty to apeak on the
need for an Increased army and
navy. At the same time comfortable positions at high rates of
salary are being found ln Australia for leading generals In the Australian armies at the war, and little
by little the schemes of the militarists a'nd navallsts are being put
info action—without even the Gpv-
eriiment declaring Itself on the
Already the military and naval
machinery Is being built up. Gifts
ofP torpedo boat destroyers and
other craft have been made to Australia and some art already here,
while others are on the way. This
is a convenient way for England
to get rid of the upkeep of them,
for when war broke out, England
will again have the use of them
free of charge while another nation
will be doing the paying. We
know, to, that vast stores of military equipment for Australia's
fighting forces will shortly arrive
in Australia. These include 'not
only clothing which was In store
fyr Australian troops when hostilities ceased, but also a great deal of
BrltlBh material of war handed
over to Australia by the British
Government. Thla comprises practically the fighting outfit of an
army, and ln the near future, ships
will arrive carrying army waggons
and' transport vehicles, rifles, machine guns, artillery, web-eqiilp-
ment, and a complete outfit for infantrymen's medical stores and
signalling apparatus and a variety
of other supplies. These materials, according to present.. plans,
are to be distributed amongst the
varloua Australian states, where lt
will be housed in special ordnance
stores, sorted out, and made ready
for distribution in cose of a war
mobilization of the forces.
Naturally the people of Australia want to know why they have
to be prepared for a war mobilization. What war is brewing in the
future? Whom Is it proposed that
we shall fight? It ls all very woll
to explain away the gifting of ships
because England cannot pay for
the upkeep of them, but the same
kind of excuse cannot be made for
military equipment or stores, for
which little cost of upkeep ls necessary.
Is tt that England expects that
some day, the oppressed people of
India will be forced into revolt, and
that Australian soldiers will be
handy to slaughter them, or drive
them into submission? Or does
England plan a war of conquest in
other1 directions?
Whatever the reason, It Is patently plain that either England
thinks that lt may be necessary to
use t' n manhood of Australia in
the fu.ire aa cannon fodder or else
Is already planning something
along those lines. The fact that
the people of Australia are not
consulted does not matter.
Then'there is the growing conviction that the lime la coming
when the anti-Labor Government
may try and force conacription on
the country. The present plans of
Australia's future army Is fora larger army* than Australia placed in
action during the war. While it is
true that ths Australian Government haa not yet dared to declare
Itself ln favor of the Defence Committee's recom men datlffns, there Is
little doubt but that lt wttl Insidiously place lt into practice without
consulting, or Indeed without even
the knowledge of the people of the
Australian Commonwealth.
It la true that labor writers and
speakers are doing their beat to
warn the people of that country of
the Impending danger, but the people of Australia, like thoae of other
countries, feeling that they are safe
at thla moment, take no notice of
the future. At this date they do
not seem to realize the gigantic
web being spun around them to
catch them and hold them fast In
the mesh of militarism. Meanwhile
the millionaires and navallsts of
Australia are not spoeling on the
Job, and unless the Australian people Boon wake up to what Is boing
done they will find themselves on-
meshed in tho wob of Prussianism.
And whatever attempt they may
make then to disentangle themselves may prove to he too late.
Treaty   Signed   Between   Nations
Gives France Complete Control
of Legalized Murderers
(By the Federated Press) •
Berlin,—-Amazing stipulations .of
the treaty concluded between
Horthy of Hungary and the French
government, which practically sign
the wealth and man-power of Hungary over to the capitalists of
France, are revealed by Az Ember,
a bourgeois paper published here.
The real Intent of' the whole
transaction is made shamelessly
clear In a provision which states
outright that "In the campaign
against Soviet Russia" the French
shall have oomplete control of the
Hungarian army.
Where Is your Uuion button T.
Interesting   Address  on
Methods of Production
1 At thi F. h. P. open forum held
In the Federated Party Hall on
Sunday, October 10, Dr. W. J.
Curry took for his subject, "WUl
produetion for uso abolish poverty?"
; The subject proved very Interesting and occasioned considerable
discussion. Tha speaker flrat described briefly the methods by
which our ancestors produced thoir
food, olothlnf and ahelter, oto.,
with the old primitive tools, tho
spade, the flail, the spinning wheel,
the hand-loom, and- the whlp-taw
with which lumber was often out
Production was extremely slow
ln those days as compared wtth today, and yet, it waa ahpwn by the
speaker, the average workera were
fed, clothed and sheltered oh thla
continent of America in colonial
days better than the average work-
er la today.
They owned tho principal tools
of production and the products
were thelr's to use, barter or sell.
In early colonial daya, rent, interest and proflt were almost unknown
except in the towns, and the vast
majority of people lived In .the
country. Trye, they struggled with
the forces of nature, but they usually won In that fight and the contest made them strong and self-
reliant. Very different from tlie
miserable narrow workers ot today.
Tha speaker" displayed a set of
charts demonstrating his' chlff
points. These charts and the facts
and figures presented were takoji
from the eighteenth annual report
of the Commissioner of Labor of
the U. S. A., Carrol D. Wright. -
: The pamphlet from which the
charts were reproduced was termed "suppressed Information" from
the fact that thla information Is ao
damaging to the present economlo
system and therefore dangerous for
the workers to understand. It waa
suppressed to such an extent that
lt was out of print a few months
after its issue and no more' copies
could be obtained. However, Fred
barren, then on the Appeal to
'■Reason staff, complied this report
-and published in pamphlet form
"suppressed information." It Is undoubtedly amongst the most valuable as well as damaging productions ever Issued by tke governmental puppets of American plutocracy.
The Four Charts
:;:;The flrst chart displayed showed
the increase In production of the
average man engaged ln making
plg-tron due to improved methods.
It "also showed the relatively small
advance in wages and also the
enormous gain in profits.
J In 1870 each Worker ln this
special industry produced 6fl tona
of pig-iron. 'His wages was $453
per annum aiid the average profit
Wrung from the. hide and muscle
of the average slave of the smelter
was $522.
In 18"0 it had Increased to 81
tons, while the average wage fetl
to $304 per annum, yet the profits
Increased to $560.
In 1890 such Improvements tn
methods were adopted that the
avernRp product per man aroso to
160 tons. The wage went to $460
While the shareholders, "owing to
their thrift," enjoyed a reward ot
$405 profit.
It must be remembered that during alt this time the cost of living
had increased constantly, ao that
the apparent rise In wages was only
apparent. The actual wage or purchasing power probably fell.
In 1900 another remarkable
jump took place. The smelter
hands were speeded up to such an
extent that they averaged 865 tona
of plg-lron per man. Wages Increased to $606, and profits Jumped
to the value of $900- for eaoh
Chart No. 2 showed the powers
of production of hand tools as
compared with machinery, but It
must be remembored that this machinery of 20 years aj;o would today be slow and antiquated, yet
even this ohart demonstrates fully
what the Industrial revolution,
meant and the ever-increasing exploitation of the worker under capitalism.
For Instance, ten pairs of men'a
fine shoes, hand-made, required 222
hours of labor time, with machinery only 29 hours. One hundred
pounds of Graham crackers made
b$ hand occuplod 160 houra, with
the machinery of 20 yeara ago only
35 hours. Three hundred potinda
of rope used to consume 134 houra,
with machinery only 17 houra.
Five hundred bushels of potatoea
needed 247 hours of back-breaking
toil, with machinery only 86 hours,
and yet that was before electricity
or the gasoline tractor was heard
of on the farm.
In textile production the Increase
was even mors marked; the modern loom can do the work of a
Hundred of our ancestors who uaed
the hand-loom, and yet who can
say that we are clothed more comfortably than our grandfathers
' But the climax of the Industrial
revolution seems to have been
reached In the art of printing. The
modern machine haa done away
with over 99" per cent, of the
labor that was required In the
printing art of fifty yeara ago, but
What shall -we say of the quality
of this product of the modern
The next chart showed the Inevitable sequence tot the development of the machine. It showod
how unemployment had Increased
since tho workor lost control of
the tool of production.
In 1890 only 15 per cent of the
workers of tho U. S. A. were unemployed at any time during the
year. In 1900 thla had Increased to
22 por cent, while In 1908 80 per
cent of the wage earners of
America were unemployed part of
the yoar.
The fourth and laat chart gives
us the causes for unemployment.
We find that 87 per cent of tho
Idle poor were ln that condition
through the worka closing down.
Sickness kept 23  per cont away
Direct Action Tactics Will
- Lead to Overthrow
of Government
. (By Taraknith Das)
(Staff  Wrter  for   tho   Federated
In Inda there aro two distinct
forces, ln tho field of politics; tho
Constitutionalists and the Revolutionists. The story of the Indian
revolutionary activities during tho
world war Is more or Iobs familiar
to tho publlo. The Indian revolutionists established vory olose relations with the Central Powers
against Great Britain. Their emissaries were active ln Turkey, Persia, Afghanistan, China, Japan, tho
United Statea and Mexico. Even
today they are in very close relation
with Soviet Russia, and thslr representatives participated In the Third
International and.also In the Baku
The Indian revolutionary movement has its outposts all over tho
world, Indian revolutionists demand tho absolute Independence of
India, and they do not conceal tho
faot that they expect to achieve
their alms through conflict, since
lt is sure that Great Britain will
flght to retan mastery over Irtflia.
The Indian Constitutionalists are
working* for "self-determination,"
or some kind of Dominion home
rule within the British Empire.
Yet, it is moat significant that the
Indan constitutionalists today are
ao distrustful of the British government in India that they have decided to adopt a programme of
non-oo-operatlon, whloh virtually
means a boycott of tne British administration.
Lejpat Ral and hundreds of Indian leaders are ln full accord with
the movement headed by N. K.
Gandl to boycott the so-called reformed councils to bc Inaugurated
tn India as a part of the Montague-
Reform, or the Indln Reform .Vet
On July 3, 1920, Maulans Shail-
kat All, of the non-co-operative
subcommittee, gave out the following detailed plan of action to be
followed' by the Indian constitutionalists at the flrst stage (jf/'hon-
1. Surrender of all titles of honorary offlcors.
- 2.   Non-participation In government loans,
3. Suspension hy lawyers of
practice ln British courts.
4. Boycott of government
schools by parents.
5. Boycott ot reformed councils.
6. Non-partlclpation in government social affairs and -similar
7. Refusal to accept any civil ot
military posts ln Mesopotamia .or
to volunteer for the army, especially for Bervice in Turkish territories.
8. Prosecution of Swadeshi' (revival of home industries) and refusal to buy European products.
Thus lt Is quite evident that the
Indian constitutionalists are advocating direct action tactics which
will ultimately lead to the complete overthrow of the government
It Is certain that either* the British government will have to make
a series of concessions to the constitutionalists or It will have to
faco the same situation as now ex-
sta In Ireland. It la quite logical
that the Indian constitutional
movement will be forced to merge
ivith the revolutionists into a gl-
gontio revolutionary movement advocating absolute Independence for
India just as the Irish Home Rule
movement has r'esulted ln the present de facto Irish Republic.
We hurt a delightful anortmmt et ent .
fancy Ohio*, ete., tad a full Umt Of e—ner eeta-a
open rtock or excluilTe patten.
l> a treat etea itook favorite, with rioh dark Ma»
China, dudfa and lleeMns octecoaal •haaot
60-plece dinner let for (9Q 7ft
Women's International League
Now Working to Bring About
Universal Peace
(By the Federated Press.)
New Tork.—"Complete worldwide disarmament ia one of the
objects for which the Women's International League is working ln
Ita etlorta to bring about universal
peace," said Mrs. Emmoline Ve-
thick Lawrence, famous English
suffragist and member of the British Labor party, in the flrst interview given since her arrival in this
country a short time ago. Mrs.
Lawrence and Frau Yella Hertzka,
an educator and social worker of
Austria, will tour the United States
under the direction of the Women'a
Peace party which ls conducting a
campaign to rouse Public opinion
against militarism, and in favor of
world peace.
from work; six per cent were on
vacations; strlkea were accountable
for two por cent, and in spite of
our temperance advocates thla government report showa ua that only
ona quarter of one per cent were
unemployed through drunkenness.
Ia there any wonder that thla Information was suppressed by the
masters of the machine and tho
rulers of America?
This pamphlet also describes the
homes of millions of "froe" citizens
of America. It would bo well If
Socialism or some other agency
could destroy these homes and
give the people decent habitations.
Even twonty yeara ago only two
per cent, in New Tork city owned
thcir homes, and most of those
owners were being bled by the
mortgage companies. Tens of
thousands of families just oa ln
the old country are doomed to bo
born to live and to die In one room,
and millions know nothing bettor
than a home of two or three miserable rooms in a mining town, or
the working-class districts of the
The speaker declared that conditions were becoming desperate and
that the white race would either
perish, even as paat civilizations
sickened and died, or that ln some
way once moro gain control of the
resourcei of the earth nnd the
tools of production and produce lor
the needs of humanity, and not
keop a parasltcd class In. luxury.
Whether this would bo done
through political or dlroct action ln
this country none oould tell, but
only understanding of economic
facts and the lash of necessity
could Induce the common people
to free the world from the last and
most vicious form of alavery that
history has known.
Bring tho klddtee late "Joyland." Oar Ohrlrtapt
■took li quite completo. Plok oat a food gan*
(or tho family to ihortoa thooo long emalnaa. AM
tho (ood old tarorltoo—ParohoU, ote. Aft*, ***
Tlddloywlnki :  *IU .5
"HMMlqnartoro for China
41* HaKincs street Woo*
British Ambassador Likely to Become Unpopular to Plates
(By J. A. Stevenson, Canadian
Staff Correspondent for tho Federated Presa.)
Ottawa, Ont.—Unleu Sir Auckland Geddes, tho British ambassador, It careful he will soon bo on
the blacklist of A. Mitchell Palmer
and the Canadian government as a
dangerous political character. At
the annual meeting of the Canadian Bar Association, the ambassador's speech war recoived with
pained amazement by a somewhat
reactionary audience. I
Sir Auckland swept aside much
of the superficial thinking about
the war and about Industrial unrest. In his view the war has simply intensified an Intolerable economic condition ln an International
system of competitive industrialism. The ambassador hai scant patience with the favorite governmental theory at Washington and
Ottawa that Bolshevist agitators
are responsible for Industrial unrest.
"There are conspirator!, agitator! stirring up trouble but they are
ilka the mosquitoes that come from
the swampy pools, Thero is a pleasure to be got from swatting them.
But yon will not get rid of them
until tho iwampy pool! wherein
they breed aro drained and the
placea where they 'draw their poison aro cleansed."
Ho went on tho ascribe world unrest to the industrialization of nations. Tho Investment of capital In
Indutsry and the private monopoly
of credit havo made possible tho
Industrial rovolution not only in
Europe and America but also tn
the east, and no reasonable effort
has been ma'ile to make Industrialism conform to humanitarian Ideas.
He described tho Impression
made on him by his experiences aa
director of recruiting In Britain
during the war. Ho spoko ot tho
physical Ill-being, tho destruction
of family life and tha warping ot
men's minds by their dai]y occupation, "I have no doubt," he aald,
"that tho aame ia true of million!
of men ln similar pursuits among
the other nations.
He offered no speclflo remodlei
but emphasised clearly hli view
that the propertied daises must
consent to some Intelligent and
rirastio readjustment of the present
Hli speech In Canada throw! a
cold douche upon the government's
propaganda to frighten the voters
Into reaotlon by pamphlets hinting
at vast revolutionary conspiracies
to over turn tho existing political
and social fabric. If Sir Auckland
continues to make speeches of thla
type he will soon cease to he popular either at Washington or Ottawa,
Tho prlc* of ooplee ol Ptttch-
art'i addrea to lb* Jan, Dfcrart
addreu and tb* t-tUr/y ot Sm
Winnipeg striko hM ben' reduced
to 10 eta. per oopj. Ib* Winnipeg
defense committee to ato* tooateg
Detenu Fond Stamps, Ibo price of
which li 35 oo*U oaoh.
What doei lln. Pankhunt I
by her atatement that owing te
the Russian pooplo not being nolo
to road, tho Bolshevik partr deceived them hy flooding the country with misleading literature?—
Torkton Pros* (Canadk). '
Bay at a aat— tuna.
(By the Federated Presa)
Sydnoy, N.S.W.—The New South
Wales Labor government intends to
extend the operations of the Fair
Rents Court throughout that state.
Hitherto the court hae only operated ln fixing the rental! of houses
In tho olty of Sydney, and exercising no Jurladlotlii on the country
towns of the state. The Labor governments' Intention now la to establish court! at all the populous
Open Forum
t p.m.
F. Ii. P. HALL
R. P. Pettipiece
Will tpeak on Uie imnoa of the
Coming   lulcition
Sanitarium Lti
fifteenth Boor Standard
Buk—Oor. of Hutingi
and Rieharda
Phonei Seymonr ,608;
Highland 21841
We ha?* treated successfully what others
hairs diagnosed as
and * host of other so-
called ailments.
Dr. Downle,
Dur Sir—I would Ilk* te
gtre   a   testimony   respecting
Par Drugless trertma.it. When
wun* te Vaneourer lut Va*
vembw I wh suffering from a
nervous breakdown and high
blood prusar* ud wm not
»afo to go ont Alono. I had
heen under a doctor'• sate
since enrly ln September, bnt
over/ tlm* I tooV the drngt
prescribed I wu prostrate th*
rest of tb* day,
Th* day befer* Chrlitmu I
nearly collapsed on th* strut,
ud wu not out again for tw*
weeks. On seeing yur advertisement I decided t* SM II
you could do anything for mn,
aad yon told me all yon eonl*
do wu cure m* ■• I told you te
go to It. I muat iay 1 felt beneflt from th* first treatment,
and after tw* month* yon told
mt lt wu no ns* coming again
as It waa only waiting yoir
tlm* and my money. I am glad
to tell yon X am feeling u fit
as I ever did and hop* yon
will have the sara* success with
all yonr patients as you did
with me. Tou ar* at liberty
to mak* what uie yon wish of
this letter aad I will bt pleued
to answer anyone enquiring of
m* respecting yoar treatment.
Tours truly,
Whltewood, Sask,
Russell and His
Are to Serve Their Pull Sentences.  This means that
The Local Committee Has Also Incurred Some Expense
in Looking After the Looal Russians Under Order of Do.
Send Your Contributions to A. S. Weill, 842 Pender W. PAGE SIX
FRIDAY October 22, -/.e
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods ean only-be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
ii produced from the highest grade materials proourabie
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
10 Sub. Cards
Good for one jeer's inscription to Tk.
B. 0. r«a«r«toBl>t, will b. milhd to
•nr .ddtn. in C.n.d. lor 182.50
(Oood .nywhero onUid. of v»B«ro.«r
city.) Order tan tod«r. Romll whtntold.
Wanted—Two Million Husbands
(By Alnse, the Federated Press)
J read ln the papers
How over_ In France
They want
Two million  HUSBANDS
And they think that maybe
Bome ot the men
In OUR western states
Where men are plentiful
Might like to come over and marry
The extra women
By the war!
X read the short account
Quite carefully
But It said not a word
Ot making those women HAPPY
Or saving them from
Oh, no, the reason they gave
Was nothing so sentimental,
Which maybe was Just as well,
For sometimes getting married
Hakes women HAPPY
And sometimes again
The article aaid not a word
About MORALS, either,
And how a sound society
. Demanded HOMES
And not so many lonesome folks
Hanging about town!
No THIS was the reason
.They wanted those husbands;
They said :"France needs
Six million CHILDREN
To become again a STRONG
And PROSPEROUS nation!
And we ftp""" "'it oecn^
Of these couples    ■ ; '
Will average THREE babies!"
It was Just like that,
Just calm like that!
They didn't promise to make
Those babies HAPPIER
Than the sons of France who died
on the fields of the Marne!
They didn't say: "These babies
Shall be more prosperous .
By their coming!"
And I thought: "What Is
This France of which they speak
That needs two million husbands
To breed babies?
Will the French PEASANTS
On their little farms
Will the French WORKERS
Be more prospefrou.
In their little shops,
Because of six million
NEW babies to bring up?
Why, not at all!
But the French capitalists
Would like six million more
To LABOR for them,
And the French politicians
Wouid lilfc six million more
To FIQHT for them!
RICH business men
And an expensive ARMY—
THAT is what folks mean
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
Vancouver Unions
COUNOIL—Pmident, J. M. Clarke;
tiee-president, R. W. Hatley; iecretary
J 0. Smith; Ireasurer, A. S. Wells;
sergeant-at-arms, E. Homo; trustees,
Carr, Vanroblen, Sleverwright and Midgley. Meets Srd Wednesday each month
In the Fender Hal], cornor of Pender snd
Howe streets.   Phone Sey. 201.
cil—Meets    seeond    Monday    in    the
■onth.    Pretident, J. F. McConnell: seoretary, R. H. Neelands. P. 0. Boi 66.
snd Reinforced Ironworkers, Local 97
•-Meets second and fonrth Mondays.
Pmldent Jas. Hastings; financial seo-
retary and treasurer, Roy Massecar, Room
118 Labor Temple.
Lnmber Industry (camp snd mill)
neet with fellow workera ta that industry. Organiie into the Lnmber Workers
Industrial Union of the 0. B.JJ. Headquarters, 61 Cordova St. W., Vancouver.
Phone Sey. 7656,	
0. B. V.—President, R. W. Hatley;
iecretary, J. G. Smith. Meets 1st Wed-
aesday In each month in Pender Hsll,
ear. of Pender and Howe streets. Phone
Boy.  201.
ployees, Loeal 28—MeeU every eecond
Wednesday in the month at 2:30 p.m.
and every fourth Wednesday in the raontt
at 8:80 p.m. President, John Cumrainga,
■eoretnry and business sgent, A. Graham.
Offlce and meeting hall, OU Pender Bt.
W. Phone Bey. 1681. Offlce hours. 8
bjb. to 0 p.ia. ____________
Association, Local 88-52—Offlce and
hall, 152 Oordova St. W. Meeta flrst
and third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-
treasurer, F. Chapman; builneia agent,
B. Richards.
America, Loesl No, 178—Meetings held
flrat Monday ln eseh month', 8 p.m. Preaident, A. R. Gstenby; vice-president, D,
Lawson; recording seoretary, 0. McDonald, P. 0. Box 608, Phono Seymour
8281L; flnanclal secretary, T. Templeton,
P. 0. Box 508.
Fasteners, I.L.A., Local Union 88A,
Beries 6—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays
sf the month, Lsbor Temple, 8 p.m.
President, William Maylor; flnanelsl seeretary and busineu agent, M. Phelpa;
corresponding aeeretary, W. Lee. Ofliea,
Room 207 Labor Temple.
Meets last Bunday of eaeh month at
2 p.m. President, A. E, Robb; vies*
president, 0. H. Collier; seoretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands,  Bos  66. .
Employees, Pioneor Division, No. 101
—Meets A. 0. F. Hill, Mount Plcaiant
1st and Srd Mondays at 10.15 a.m. and t
p.m. Pnsldent, B. Bigby: recording
seeretary, F. E. Griffin, 447—6th Avenue
Bast; treasurer, F. Sidaway; Inanelal
seeretary and business sgent, W. H. Cottrell, 4808 Dumfries Btreet; offlce comer
Prior aai Main Sts. Phoas Mr. 1604 R.
Provincial Unions
snd  Labor  Council—Meeta   flrst  and
third Wednesdsys, Knights of Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. President, E. B. Woodwsrd; vice-president,
A. 0. Pike; seeretsry-tressurer, Chrlitlaa
Biverls, P. 0. Box 802. Victoria, B. 0.
Meets first and third Friday eaeh montb
at 1424 Government Street. Third Friday
open forum.   Secretary, E.-Wsterson.
mi' Union—Meets 2nd and 4th Fridays, 205 Labor Temple. President, W.
Wllion, 2280 Oranvllle Street; seoretary,
X. T. Kelly, 1850 Hastings St. E.; re-
eordlng-iecrctary, L. Holdsworth, 639—
14th Bt. W., North Vanconver.	
dustrial Unit of the One Big Union—
An Industrial union of all workers In logging snd construction camps. Coast District and General Headuuarters, 61 Cof
dova St. W., Vanoouver, B. 0. Phono Sey.
T866. E. Winch, goneral secretary-
treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Macdonald A Co., Vancouver, B, C.; auditors, Messrs. Buttsr * Chfcne, Vancouver. B. C.
bor Council—Meets second and fourth
Tueadays of each month, ln Carpentera'
Hall. President, B. D. McDonald; vice-
president, A. Ellis: secretary, Geo. Wad-
dell.  Box 278,  Princo Rupert,  B. Q.
tbe 0. B. U. meet ta their union hall
at Rooms 8 and 4 Empire Hotel, 70 Halting! East, flrst and third Wednesday In
the month.    President  V.  Owens:  vice-
K'lLdent, D. Csrlln: aeeretary, Earl King.
one Sey. 8698. ___________
Lumber Influntty, organise Into the L.
W. I. U. of tho 0. B. U. Millworkers, branches meet aa follows:
Tancouver—Lumber Workers' headquarter!, 61 Cordova Bt. W. Every Monday
Bew Weetmlnateiv—Labor Hall, cor. Royal
Ave. and 7th St. 2nd and 4th Wednesdays at 8 p.m.
fraser Mills—Old Moving Picture Thea-
tre, Maillardville. 2nd and dth Thuraday, 8 p.m.
Fort Moody—Grange Hall, 2nd Friday,
every month, at 8 p.m.
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Meeta every Tuesday in the Mclntyre Hall at 8 p.m. Meetinga open to all 0. B. U. memberi. Secretary.treasurer, N. Booth, Box 217
Prince Rupert.  B.  C.	
New Tork.—The cap makers organization of Buenos Aires hns sent
a letter tu the United Cloth Hat and
Cap Makers of America requesting
advice and information concerning
the methods to adopt ln organization work. The letter states that
the Argentine workers after several
unsuccessful attempts at establishing a permanent organization are
now celebrating the fifth anniversary of their union.
Where ls your Union button?
era' Unit of the One Big Unloa, Metal-
Bferois Miners—Vancouver, B. C, head-
Sjisrters, 61 Cordova Stroet West. All
Workers engaged tn this Industry sre
Bifed to Join the Union beforo going on
Ike Job. Don't wait to be organised, but
organise younelf.
North America (Vancouver and vloln-
er)—Branch meets aecond and fourth
ondayi, Room 204 Labor Templo. President, Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ava. North
Vancouver; flnanclal aeeretary, E. God-
dard, 166 Richards Street; recording secretary, J. P> Russell, 928 Commercial
Prive.    Phone High. 2204B.
en Bridgemen, Dorrickmen and Riggers
of Vanoouver and vicinity. Meets every
Monday, 8 p.m., ln O. 8. U. Hall, 604
Pender St. W.  President, T. L. Hewitt;
6 uncial seeretary snd buainess sgent, E.
ome.  Phone, Seymour 201.
•ra—You need ths Camp Workeri of
your Industry. Tbey need you. Organise
together ta the 0. B. U, Indntsrlal Unit
of your occupation.   Delegatea on every
Vlb,  or write  the   District   Headquarters,
1 Cordova Bt. W., Vaneouvar.   Entrance
SV 11.00; monthly dues, $1.00,
-       PUBLIC
Tolephon. 8ej. 9401
Bom. Phon. B-P 1887L
316  Bt.nd.r4 Buk Bulldlnf
510 Halting. St. W., Vucouw. B, 0.
Dr. De Van's French Pills
A nllabl. Rtgulstliig PHI for Women, IS
• box. Sold .t .11 Prng Storoi, sr m.llrd
to .ny ftddro,, on receipt ol prico. Th.
Scobell Drug Co., St. O.therlnei, OnUrlo.
Restores Vim ind Vitality; for Nerve and
Brain; Increases "gray matter;" a Tonic
—will build you np. fa a boi, or two for
|6, st drug stores, or by mall on receipt
uf price. Ths Scobell Drag Co., St. Oath-
nines, Ontario.	
Ballard's Furniture Store
Phons Ssy. 2187
We alwayi esrry in itock a good
selection of dining-room, parlor, kitchen and bedroom furniture, also
linoleum and medium priced carpet
(.quart's, rugs, etc. Wo can lave you
money as wa ara out of tho high rent
T must be more than fifty years
since the mocking' voice of Mr.
Matthew Arnold confounded the
Victorian optimists by Ingeminating as a aort of refrain ln proof of
the wretchedness of society, Wragg
is in custody.    The pert inconsequence of the trick is not without
certain   schoolboy   effectiveness,
and there is something In ita very
rudeness, in its genteel adumbration    of    a    "Come off It"  or a
"Gam,"   which  must commend  it
to a less elegant later age.
One is singularly tempted to apply the method to a modem diarist* whose brilliance combines in a
remarkable degree the military
wisdom of Clausewltz with the
social Ideals of Mr. Stephen McKenna, Colonel Replngton introduces himself with the roguish intimation that his best things have
"been omitted on the recommendation of eminent counsel"—happy
counsel!—and proceeds to answer
with unlimited gusto the old, old
question as to what he did ln the
Great War. Being a soldier of recognized ability, he waB not employed in any military capacity,
but was retained in London to direct the operations on all fronts
In thc columns of the Times. His
revelations are fltllluting; his daily
appreciations of the slowly broadening, deepening, thickening,
blackening situation are full of Interest, but one feels that posterity
and its historians will value his
diary less for its Revelations (they
will know the facts) or for its
judgments (they will know the
truth) than for his contribution to
tho social history of England In
wartime. He ls perpetually lunching with a few people at the Ritz,
dining with a few people at the1
Berkeley; he sees Lady Diana
Manners' last appearance In her
hospital clothes (they "suited her
bo well; she Is very sad about tt")
he hears "Lady Randolph in great
form, and most bitter against Lord
K." One gets through tt all the
queer Imprest.ion that one ls
watching an earthquake from a
seat in a cabaret: the singers grimace and the flat piano tinkles as
the great buildings go crashing
down outside and the smoke goes
up and the flames beneath it and
the cries, but one can still hear the
piano playing Btalo rag-time.
That Is where Colonel Replngton almost provokes one to set the
war to a refrain In the manner of
Mr,. Matthew Arnold and his in
carcerated MIbs "Wragg. A man
pulled a Browning pistol on an
Archduke and Europe fell ln
itself. But Lady Mllly was ln
splendid form. Tljree nations reeled fighting across France and
young men were taken In ships to
die on beaches In Turkey; the
lights of great cities were turned
low because the world was mad.
But 'Lady Mllly was In splendid
form. Neuve Chapelle, Loos, Qal-
HpoII, Kut, the Somme. But Lady
Mllly . . That Is how it strikes
one. Colonel Replngton has unintentionally etched his background
with an acid that is more biting
than his design. Because It Is the
acid of bitter truth.
This ingenuous diarist 1s perpetually taking us behind the
scenes of the world's tragedy, and
the visit to the coulisses Is fascinating to the last degree. One sees
the coryphees making up for their
dazzling appearance behind the
footlights f'Wlnston gave me bits
of the sort of remarks he would
make on the points—very good
and penetrating and clever, wtth
some flne language. I was told
that he has sat up until 4 a.m. with
Garvin before his Navy speech.
This accounts for the mess he
made of lt.M) The sceneshlfters
mutter aa thev elbow their way
by ("We discussed Max Aitken's
peerage. Max had said he was
sure there was something coming,
for he had cut himself shaving tn
the morning and hts blood had
been blue.") And sometimes, as
one stands wtth Colonel Replngton
In the wings, one can catch -a
word flutig by a diva to her dresser
which explains more than all her
divtne roulades: ("R,"~Str William Robertson—"says that L. G.
wants a victory quickly, a victory
while you wait. He does not care
where. Somewhere 'where opinion
will be Impressed, like Damascus.
R. has told him that Damascus
may come in time, when rail and
pipe lines are laid, and meantime
what about Beersheba? L. G.
didn't fancy that Beersheba
would catch on, but Jerusalem
might! This ts War Cabinet strategy at the close of 1916, and lf
we can win on lt we can win on
anything.") That Is how they
were talking behind the scenes and
round the prompter's desk, while
thc poor simple souls packed ln
the crowded, darkened house ln
front were cheering and hoping
and praying—and some of them
even working and dying.
But the collection of anecdotes
ls as barren a business as the Juxtaposition  of amusing bric-a-brac
except when lt illustrates the temper of our present masters.   There
Is a glimpse of Mr. Lloyd George
that ls well  worth  remembering:
He asked me whether there
was any single military book
published before the war which
I found worth reading,   I said,
"The   Book   of   Joshua   and
Clausewltz."    "And Clausewltz
Is only principles," added L. 0.
The black Is not Mr. George's.
An atmosphere of broader farce
is created by a conversation with
Marshal Foch—until one remembers that he is not an honored
efllgy In the War Museum but an
active counsellor in the affairs of
The closo of one day which
I spent with him ln 1914, he
took me Into his sanctum, and
having shut the door, said, ln
a  most  Impressive way,   that
there  was   one  subject   upon
which he sincerely desired my
opinion.    ...    I   wondered
what it could be.   Ho took- up
a  map   of  northern   Europe,
spread it out   and   asked   me
solemnly how much European
territory we should expect for
ourselves at the end  of the
In a conversation wtth Francis I.,
Frederick the Great or Napoleon
this enquiry would have had  its
humor.   But In the mouth of Marshal Foch lt Is too rich for laughter, because Marshal Foch Is still
alive    One does not wonder whon
ho complains ln 1919:    "President
Wilson  leads  tho Conference  and
does  what  he  likes.    I  may  not
have my Rhino frontier because It
ts against Wilson's fine principles.
The Right of Property
and so when war comes again"—
one admires the flne, downright
certainty of it—"we shall have flne
principles In place of a natural
frontier." Observers had always
suspected that Marshal Foch regarded the war as a simple episode
In the history of France; but the
certainty is somehow a trifle disquieting.
On the impersonal side Colonel
Reptngton's diary la an equally
valuable record of tbe war. He
had rotated for years ln what are
called "well-informed circles," and
he had written on military subjects
with an intelligence to which they
are rarely treated, so that- one is
not surprised to find real-Insight ln
the thumb-nail appreciations of
the changing situation which he
entered In hts journal. They show
very clearly how the war looked,
at every hour of it, from the angle
of Whitehall. For 'Colonel Replngton Is pre-eminently a War Office
soldier of the most brilliant type.
That ls perhaps why he finds little
room for praise of Lord Kitchener.
His intimacy with the military
beau monde enables one to get a
unique glimpse at the temper of
the British higher command. One
is perpetually elbowed as one follows him into the Holy of Holies,
by a succession of genial gentlemen with nicknames. There Is
"Fatty" Wilson, and "Scatters"
Wilson, and "Bockus" Nlcol, and
"Putty," and "Rawly," One seems
to get the keynote of it all when
the diarist adjures Sir William
Robertson to "let Archie invade
Palestine." It is quite a comfort
when one remembers the uprooting
of humbler persons to see the cosy
bonhomie of high quarters'. And
Colonel Replngton would not
change lt for worlds even when a
casualty list showed that some
thoroughly good'fellow had not
quite come up to the expectations
of his friends: "I cannot get to
.hear yet whether there are any
more generals who have been kicked out, besides X., Y., and Z. I
hope there are no more: it'1ft not
at all satisfactory." And it was
There are moments when one
wonders whether Colonel Replngton was living ln reality or In an
early story by Mr. Kipling. Whole
pages of his brilliant record are
Uttle more than cumulative evidence that the perspicacious Mr.
Brltltng had seen through lt when
he grumbled about the military
clique: •<   <
■The army had been a thing
aloof, for a special end. It Had
developed all the characteristics of a qast.    It had very high
standards along  the   lines   of
Its specialisation, but it jtu%.
lnada$able  and   conservative..^
Its exclusiveness was   not W;
much a deliberate culture is k'
consequence   of   its  detached
function.   ...   It saw the
great unofficial civilian world
as something vague, something
unsympathetic, something possibly   antagonistic,    which    It
comforted   Itself  by  snubbing'
when   It   dared   and   trlcWmg ■
when it could, something that
projected members of Parliament    towards    lt   and    was
stingy about money.'
Whilst Mr. Wells   was   writing
that In 1916,    Colonel    Replngton
was restating lt night after night
In the social entries of his diary.
It Is on the social side that this
book will live, If posterity knows
Its business.  One would give whole
books of Polybtus for one good picture of a Uttle dinner at Carthage
ln  the  Second  Punic  War.    The
talk  ln the Saracen tents during
the First Crusade, a political host-,
ess's diary In the Hundred fears'
War,  Parisian  gossip    when    the
Grande Armee was In    the    field,
these would be tho original sources
of true  history    for    which    no
amount of despatches,  documents
pour servir, and military biographies are a substitute.   Colonel Reptngton's diary will perform that Inestimable service for the historian
of the future.   Those corner tables
at Clarldge's, that charity matinee
at the. Alhambra, what the lovely
lady said to the statesman, how
the pretty widow looked    in    her
weeds, these and these are the ma-
terlals   which   Colonel   Replngton
pours Into the lap of history with
the happiest disregard of solemnity,
discretion—and    the    war.     "The
only visible signs of war," he wrote
on a Sunday In 1917, "are that the
men now wear usually short coats
and black ties In the evenings, that
dinners are shorter, and that servants are fewer and less good."
Those, In the happy dlariPt'i
judgment, are the only visible
signs of war.    Well, perhaps.
—Philip Guedalla ln the "New
•The First World War, 1914-
1918: Personal Experiences' of
TJcut.-Colonel C. a Court Replngton.   Constable,    2 vojs.    42s. net.
Federation    of    Labor    Demands
' /hat Government Keep
Hands Off Russia
(By Nate L. Welch, Federated
Press Staff Correspondent)
Flint, Mich.—Unqualified' jep-
dorsement of Soviet Russia with a
demand upon the United States
government for a hands off policy
and the lifting of the blockade, recognition of Irish independence,
the release of Eugene Debs and all
class war prisoners, was demanded
in resolutions passed by the Michigan State Federation of i#^or
which concluded a five-day session
here. The state constabulary and
antl-syndlcalist law condomned in
vitriolic terms. Political blckjrftig
with the old parties by Federation
ofllclala was tabooed by an amendment to the constitution prohibiting any officials from bargaining
in any wny, shape or form with
the old parties. The Farmer-Labor
party adherents did not press for
an endornement.
Carey Ferguson, buslneas agent
of the Detroit street car men was
elected state president.
The government's scheme of propaganda ls to build up an Imaginary Bolshevik menace In Canada,
for the purpose of scaring 'people
into voting Conservative, By this
misuse of public funds it is evidently hoped that the present dlstator-
shlp of thc caucus mny be returned
to offlce for anothor five years to
draw ministerial salaries of $14,000
and extras per year.
CERTAINLY the most Important of the legal rights,
from the point of view of
economics, Is that of Property.
"The right of private property
Is the mainspring of the whole
mechanism of distribution (of
wealth) ln civilized societies."—
As we have already seen, there
ate ooncerned ln this right:—
1. The "subject" of the right,
that la, the person In whom the
right ot ownership is vested. This
may be either a natural person or
a partnership, or a corporation,
which, by the act of incorporation
becomes a legal peraon empowered
to hold property and other rlghta
and, In consequence, to sue or be
sued. This person, whether
natural or legal, possesses the exclusive right to use and control—
2. The "object" of the right.
This may consist of tangible or Intangible goods. Tangible goods
would be represented by such
things as:—
Land, Including water, minerals,
timber, hunting and fishing rights.
Slaves u'nd other working and
domestic cattle.
Buildings, machinery, food and
Intangible goods would include
such things as:
Franchises, copyrights, patent
rights, trade marks, "good-will'
and special privileges of one kind
and another.
Then there are stocks, bonds and
shares—"credit documents to bearer*." These, of course, are .not
themselves wealth but merely legal
claims, or evidences of ownership.
They are, however, pf very great
and increasing Importance In E
society'tn which "possession," properly so-called, is giving place to
mere ownership.   Then there Is:
3. The act or forbearance. This
ln the case of property, means
4. The person or persons against
whom the right 1b effective must
forbear from the use of the object
of the right, or forbear from acting in such § manner as to Interfere with ItB use by the owner.
This means everybody else.
The whole thing boils down to
the statement that Property is a
right of ownership vested In one
man, or set of men, as against the
rest of society in respect of some
object. In the words, of Marx, lt
is a "social relationship." The
State conserves and enforces this
right. A right without the might
to enforce it is no right at all.
Consequently, the right lapses
when the State withdraws its sanction, or when the State ls destroyed.
There ls here no question of
"moral rights," These are alleged
rights which have no legal sanction or what is left of a legal
right upon the subtraction of the
legal sanction. They are a matter
of ethics or sentiment and, for
our present purpose, may be disregarded.
Property may be legally acquired by purchase, gift or Inheritance.
It may also be acquired by chance
or theft which, while not always
Illegal, are not generally recognized by law. These means, however, Imply the existence of property rights a'nd do not, therefore,
account for them. It la the "original accumulation" for which we
have to account.
In the last analysis property depends on possession: in the case of
land, of occupancy. Possession or
occupancy was, as a rule, the result of appropriation generally accompanied by force. The fact of
possession is fortified by prescription. That ls to say that undisputed possession for a certain
length of time gives a legal right
as, for instance, the squatter's
right. Then there ls what the lawyers call the right of accession by
"Property In an object, whet*
her movable or Immovable,
gives a right to all that lt produces, and to all that Is connected with It accessorlly, either
naturally or artificially."—Code
Civile, Art. 546.
This principle ls so Important
that Prof. Jenks, In his "History of
Politics," defines property as "the
right to absorb the various advan
tages (known and unknown) which
are derivable from a thing." It ls
by virtue of this right that the
land-owner may claim any Improvements effected on his land, or
buildings which may be er'ected by
his tenants: that the slave-owner
took possession of the'product of
the slaves' labor and of any children they might procreate, and that
the employer of labor owns the
wealth produced by his employees.
We see then, as the common saying has It, that possession Is nine
points of the law. It ta a fact,
however, possessing no moral value
whatever. This, of course, does
not concern us but is, nevertheless,
a matter of some concern to the
apologists of the system. For this
reason lt has been sought to give
the right of property some kind ot
moral sanction. We have, therefore, the doctrine of "Natural
Right" now, as we have already
seen, largely given up. As to this
it Is gufflcclent to say that It property be a natural right then lt
would be possessed by all men,
which Is notoriously untrue, If it
be answered that the right of property is merely the right to possess property if one can get it, then
the dictrlne of natural rights ls
Then, again, lt has been attempt*
ed to show that property is the result of labor. This also Ib untrue,
as It ls notorious that those who
labor do not possess, and that
those who possess do not labor.
Lastly, there is the "Social Utility"
argument. That is to say, that tt
is In the interest of society that
private property should exist. ThiB,
as we have already seen, makes
property a legal right resting on
the general consensus of opinion.
In earlier times, as everyone
knows, men acted o'n the
"Good   old   rule,   the   simple
That they   should   take   who
have the power,
,   That they should   keep   who
Property was then a matter of
actual possession. The owner of
property had to occupy lt and be
prepared to defend lt, arms' in
hand lf necessary. The rise and
development of the State, however,
changed all this, and with the security thus brought about we flnd
that possession has given place to
a form of ownership depending on
the possession of legal documents
validated by the State, which en
forces the due performance of tho
acts or payments indicated tKerein.
All of this made necessary a strong,
centralized State which has made
possible the change from the
"money economy" to the "credit
economy" In which the exchange
of values takes place. It has also
brought into being forms of property by means of credit documents and book entries. It has
also brought Into being forms of
property undreamed at one time.
Many of these are of a somewhat
unstable nature, such as stocks,
bonds and shares, baBed as they
often are on such Intangible forms
of property as patents, copyrights,
franchises, business "goodwill" and
so forth. Nevertheless, these
things give their possessors the
power to levy tribute upon the produce of labor to the extent of thetr1
It will be observed that while
this question appears to resolve
about the ownership of the land
and the accumulated "savings,"
more or less mythical, of the capitalist class, it is, In reality, a question of the claim of that class to
the product of labor. As we have
seen, "the occcssory follows the
.principle." Thc wealth of the
world is produced annually. The
machinery of wealth production
must be continually renewed from
tho same source. This applies even
to the land, apart from it's attribute to mere extension (standing
In brief, the owning classes have
a lien "on the entire product of
labor extending to alt eternity. In
late years this Hen has grown to
such an extent that the entire an
nual product Is inadequate to meet
the Interest. This fact alone Is
strangling the system. This explains why the capitalist class cries
out so Insistently for Increased production and greater economy—
the part of the laborer.
It has probably never been true
that "a man could do what he liked
with his own" and it is leas true
now than ever. There are certain
limitations Imposed by the State on
the right of property, and the
number of these hus Increased
greatly ot recent years.
There Is the right of "eminent
domain," by which the State may
expropriate land or other property
for its own use or1 ln the Interest
of some coporation. There are taxation, fines and forfeitures by
which the State .confiscates all or
part of the property of its subjects. Further, no man may keep
his property in a condition or-use
lt In such a manner as to constitute a nuisance. These considerations provide further proof that
there is nothing sacr'ed about the
right of property. The State,
which has created theBe rights,
finds lt necessary to modify them
in the interest of public necessities. Society will have to do a lot
more drastic work: of the same
kind lf tt desires to avoid the fate
predicated for It.
L, H. Morgan In his "Ancient
"The    dissolution    of   society
bids fair to become the termination of a career of which property is the end and aim;  because such a career contains the
elements of self-destruction."
The capitalist class does not possess the grace to choose the better
part.    It Is doubtful if" they have
the intelligence.    I father suspect
they may not have the time.
—Geordie, In the Western Clarion.
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
Dry Ooodi, Oents' Furnishing!
Factory organlied under "United Garment Workers of America"
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Here TUe? Are, Indexed for Tea
Mr. Cnlon Man, Out This Out and Olve It to Tour WU*
Tisdalls Limited-.
Oon Jones (Brunswick Pool Booms)	
..618 Hastings Btreet West
 .Hastings Street East
Book Stores
International Book Storo Cor. Hastings and Columbia Streetaj
Ingledew Skoe Store...
Boots and Shoes
Johnston's Big Shoe House...
"K" Boot Shop	
Pierre Paris....	
Wm. Diek Ltd...
16 OranviUe Street.
 409 Hastlngi W.;
...319 Hastings Street West!
...64 Hastings Street West;
...Hastings Street
Sermons by
3. 8. Woodsworth
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street Weet.!
MacLachlan-Taylor Company 63 Cordova Street Weat!
Cornett Bros. _ clarko 56 Hastlnga Street West]
Boot Factory
Christie Boot Factory BI Cordova Btreet Weet
Golden Gate Cafe  Hastings Street
O. B. U. Model Cafe 67 Cordova Street Weat;
Orpheum Cafe Opp. Orpheum Theatre
Chiropractors and Drugless Healers
Dr. Wlllard Coates 30-32 Burns Bldg., 18 Hastings Street Weat)
Downle Sanitarium, Ltd 16th Floor Standard Bank Bide.
Dr. Lee Holder ■ 74 Fairfield Bulldlnf
Dr. Edgar W. Moore... 403-406 Carter Cotton Bid*.,
Vancouver X-Ray Institute  014 standard Bank Building1
Dr. H. Walton 310-311 Carter Cotton Bldg, 188 Hastings St W.
Dr. H. Simpson 0 Flack Block
Ray 233 Keefer Street ]
Clothing and Men's Outfitting
Arnold te Quigley...    646 OranviUe Street
Clumans, Ltd 163 Hastings Street West J
Clubb ft Stewart 309-318 Hastings Stroet West
B. C. Outfitting Co. „ . - 842 Hastings Street Weat
B. C. Tailoring Co 342 HaBtings Bast
Wm. Dick Ltd   83-49 Hastings Streot laat
 614 OranviUe Street I
-.346 Hastings Street West
Thos. Foster A Co., Ltd...
J. W. Foster ft Co, Ltd...
J. N. Harvey Ltd»_ 116 Hutings West and Victoria, B. a
C. D. Bruce .-._ „ 401 Hastings Street West
New Tork Outsitting Oo. 143 Hastingi Street West
W. B. Brumitt.... —  .Cordova Street
Thomas ft McBain...... . .......
Woodwards Ltd. . —. „
D. K. Book . —_ 117 Hastings Street West
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street Weat
Kirk * Co, *■*»  929 Main Bt, Seymour 1441 and 461
Dr. Brett Anderson .........  .'. 602 Hastings Weet
Dr. W. J, Curry..........™..— ._   301 Dominion Building
Britannia Beer-
Cascade Beer-
Taxi—Soft Drinks...
Van Bros	
...Westminster Brewery Co.
 Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
.....409 Dunsmuir Street
...Ciders and wines
The Acme of Heroism
_t\\ THERE liberty dwells,
\A/» there is my country," said
*" Franklin, but Thomas
Paine soared far above him when
he exclaimed, "Where liberty
dwells not, there ls my country."
Frankly, that is the expression ot
the highest and most heroic idealism. It reminds one of the teaching of Jesus who was willing to die
not for his friends but for' those
who rejected and persecuted him.
It reminds us of those words of
'Gene Debs repeated at his trial,
"While there Is a lower class, I am
of it; while there Is a soul In gaol
I am not free." (I quote from memory). Paine, the Englishman,
struggled for liberty for America
and then, voluntarily threw himself Into the surging stream of revolutionary activities ln France.
The world has always had lta
knights errant. Perhaps they have
never directly accomplished much,
but surely they have Inspired many
of the more practical leaders and
maintained the morale of the rank
and flle. But much more, they
have been able to express the hitherto Inarticulate ideas of the new
day. They have uttered a rallying
cry; they have held up a standard;
they themselves have become a
symbol of that for which they
But underlying the somewhat romantic Idealism of Paine's words
there la discoverable a great social
truth. No country any longer lives
to Itself. The destiny of England
may not be decided by Englishmen,
It may be decided by Russians; No
Russian armies will not' invade
England or conquer India. But the
Ideas that have found expression In
Russia may determine world fala-
ciea and thua ultimately decide the
fate of England. One nation cannot
rise or fall without involving all
At our peril we neglect the least
important part of our body. The
eye cannot say to the feet, "I have
no need for you." So In the body
politic—as Blake says, "A starved
dog at the city's gate fort oils the
ruin of the state."
Little Englanders and little Canadians are living in a false security when they complacently view
the world's storm, saying, "It will
not come nigh ua,"
But among our young men and
women are there not thoso of the
spirit of Paine who Instead of seeking soft snaps chose rather the
most difficult job—are willing to
lend even a forlorn hope.— they
have their reward!
Vanoouver Drug Co..,
Dry Goods
..Any of their six storei
Famous Cloak ft Suit Co    623 Hastings Btreet Wert
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street West
Pltmans Business College 42 Richards Street'
Sprott Shaw Business Institute   888 Hastings West
Success Business College .Cor. Tenth and Main
The Sheldon Institute of Business Science  42-43 Canada Life Bldg,
Western Collegiate Institute Third Floor Duncan Building
Lasalle Extension University  701 Standard Bank Bldg.
B. C, School of Pharmacy and Science  615 Pender West
Brown Bros. ft. Co. Ltd.......™.—48 Hastings East and 728 OranvUle Street!
' Funeral Undertakers
Harron Bros 2898 Qranvllle Stree;
Mount Pleasant Undertaking Co ,. 233 Kingsway
Nunn Thomson ft Glogg................................................ 631 Homer Street
Hastings Furniture Co...
...41 Hastings Street West
Ballard Furniture Store  1024 Main Street
Home Furniture Company 416 Main Street
Broadway Table Supply 522 Broadway East
Cal-Van Market '. .'■ ~—Hastingi Street Opposite Pantag'oe
"Slaters" (three stores).......  Hastings, Oranvillo and Main StreeU
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street '
Union Public Market 86-37 Hastings Street West
S. T. Wallace 118 Hastings Street Wes)
Calhoun's, Ltd 61 Hustings Street Eas.
Central Hotel 42 Cordova Street Baa'
O. B. Allan 480 Oranvllle Btree
Masseurs, Etc.
M. F. Eby, B.A., M.B 999 Broadway Weal
Musical Instruments
Swltjer Bros 312 Hostings Street Wes-
J. H. Healey 824-825 Birks Building
Morris Optical Co	
Chicago.—More than 1,000
tive Russians has applied at the
Chicago passport bureau for per-
mission of the-governmont to return to thoir home land. All of
these are going to parts of RusBia I
under the control of the Bolehe-I
Lyttleton Bros...
..549 Qranvllle Street
..119 Hastings Street Wee'
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand.  —(Turner Beoton ft Co., Victoria, B. 0.)
Madame Hlnger 561 Granville Stree;
Madam Johnson 136 Hastlnga Street Wes
Printers and Engravers
Cowan 'ft Brookhouse .*.   . ...............Labor Tempi
(Jelland-Dibble.   , Towor Buildln/
Morris Soskln 316 Standard Bank Bulldlni
Stove Repairs
Central Sheet Metal Works, Royal Stove Repair Works....560 Cambie Bi
Taxi Service
Stanley Steam Taxi Co 334 Abbott Strec,
Theatres and Movies
Empreis  Orpheum  Panti-f'
I Terminal Steam Navigation Co., Ltd ., .Union Doei FRIDAT Ootober SI, 1980
Men and Women
who have
Large Families
deserve all the -
they eaa get .
And We Give It to Them GLADLY
Our stook otters an unusually oomplete showing of
WOMEN'S Suits, Dressea, Coats and Waterproofs;
MEN'S Suits, Overcoata and Raincoats In oholce profusion, and a complete line of Boys' Clothing. All
moderately priced. A SMALL DEPOSIT, the balanee
342ne$ti^3 3tWe3t-
con. MOMtie ar
phonc aevetss.
otters from an Okanagan Rawnch
My Dear Percy,—I wrote yoa
ibout the farmera' convention at
'entlcton and the trouble we had
In drawing up our platform. I un-
aerstand all phases of the Oriental
question, the Japa and Chinks, you
know, but this tariff board in our
platform gravels me completely.
}ld dear. Now that the farmers are
going Into politics I will have to
brush up on political economy and
ill that sort of thing because,
really, old chap, the more I think.
It ovor the worse I get balled up.
When we were together at dear old
Oxford you always were a dab at
political economy and perhaps lf I
explain the situation you can help
me to get lt straightened out.
Nobody wants to bother about
the beastly tariff anyway, aa lt la
an awful bore, I assure you, old
thing, but MaoKelvie saya lh the
Vernon News that lt le to be the
main Issue ln this campaign and so
of course we will have to discuss lt.
It seema that in every campaign It
la quite the proper thing to have
a burning Issue, the hotter the bot*
ter, and the tariff la alwaya handy
when needed. The government
lends a tariff commission all over
Canada tn prove to us Juat how
hot an isaue it really la. When the
government here rune up agalnit a
troublesome proposition whloh lt
«annot solve lt appoints a commla-
•tbn to travel over the country at
considerable expense, heaves a sigh
of relief and says. "There, thank
Ood, that's settled." Nobody ever
heara of the commission after-
"warde, but the members have a
nice trip anyway.
The whole thing reminds me of
those slap-stick articles actors
.sometimes use on the stage In low
Comedy. They make an awful row
hut don't hurt any to speak of. The
government brings out Its slapstick marked "Protection" and the
Liberals have a e!m!..ir one whloh
used to be labeled "Free Trade aa
they have it in England," but
which ls now "Tariff for revenue
only." The noise ls deafening and
the air la simply full of feathers
and gore, but after lt Is all over
they -wink at each other and put
their slap-sticks carefully behind
the door ready to be dragged out
again at the next campaign.
However, the protective tariff ii
a splendid thing for us rawnchers
aa lt gives us thirty cents a box on
our apples, ao those bally American
fruit growers will not be able to
sell their applea to the prairie hayseeds below the cost of production.
iThls ts one of the main boards in
bur platform, but I want to know,
old chap, does that mean below
their cost of production or uurs?
If they sell applee below their coat
et production how are they going
,to make a proilt unless they make
It on the wrapping paper and the
box? And If their apples are not
vrapped they can't mako so much,
ia they have only the bally box to
;o on. If it means that thoy can
■ell below our cost of production
hen they must be ablo to produce
or less because their automobiles,
farm machinery and material of
til kinds cost them less. It puzzles
mo completely, old chap.
Cholly Pltz Herbert and I have
talked It over by the hour, but we
don't seem to be able to flnd the
answer. Cholly went down to Cro-
ville not long ago and discovered
that, the Overland car which cost
him |H85 could be bought there
for $1010. Now he spends all his
time figuring how many boxes of
apples at thirty eents a box lt
would .take to make up that difference ot $446. He saya it looks to
him as it the manufacturers soaked us up to the limit and then gave
us back thirty cents as an exact
designation of what we looked like.
He alao says that the manufacturers give us a little protection so
that we will think our Interests are
not the eame as the hayseeds on
the prairiea. Divide and rule, you
Cholly belongs to on* of our best
families, but the poor boy always
was more or leas ot a' silly ass.
Everyone knows that the manufacturers don't beneflt by protection,
They have full page advertisements
In all papers to prove tt and of
course the newspaper* wouldn't He
about a little thing Ilk* th* tarlS.
O sugar, of court* notl
I listened to one of thoae beastly
Socialist agltatora the other day
and really, old chap, I waa quite
put out at hi* remarks. Thl* Is
about what he said and I leave It
to you, old dear, If.b* didn't treat
our 'sacred thrift Issue with disrespect:
"Th* who!* industrial world la
Ilk* a volcano which may erupt at
any moment, and all you Okanagan
rawnchers can do Is to sit on the
edge, twiddle your thumbs and
concoct a platform which Is Just
about a* virile a political document a* a gam* of eeny, meeny,
mlney, mo. w* told you what
would happen to you with the
Oriental question, but all you
could ae* was th* patty gain ot the
moment. Now whil* Anatole
Frano* aays that Europe ls dying
and the capitalist, system Is tottering to Its fall, all you have to offer
as a measure of statesmanship ls
'thirty cents a box tariff on apples.' If you had sense enough to
organise your distribution In order
to eliminate the middleman you
could save a spread of five or six
times that amount.
"Aa a matter ot fact the whole
protective tariff la simply one ot
the ways ln which the farmer ls
scientifically and remorsely skinned
without making lt too plain where
all his epidermis is going to. So
far aa you Okanagan rawnchers are
concerned, you take fn thirty cents
with one hand, pay out a dollar
with the other, and then holler
your heade off for «ur glorious protective tariff and the system which
bleeds you. After all, what does
the tariff amount to, anyway? England has free trade and Canada
protection, and In both countries
the rich are getting richer and the
poor poorer. As soon as you know
enough to take over the means ot
production and distribution so you
can realise the fall value of your
product, your tariff Issue will vanish into the thin hot air from
which lt-springs."
Now, I admit, old chap, that
there ls a great deal of tosh, about
the tariff question, but those 'Socialist ohap* have such a rude way
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KVANS k HASTINGS, 578 Seymour Btreet   Seymour IM
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The One Big Union
Publlihed by tbe Winnipeg Central Labor Oouncll
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be addressed to .1. HOUSTON, Bame address.
New   Ideas   Demand
Full  Medical
The question of medical freedom
Is one that la causing considerable
thought throughout thla Province.
In view of the prosecution of drugless healers, whose cases have not
yet been settled. Numbers of oeo-
ple have been bneflted by the treatment that they have .received by
tht drugless physicians, and are
determined that some remedy must
be provided by legislation for the
present situation, claiming that the
people have a right to be treated
by whom they desire for thoir ailments. In the United States, the
flght for medical freedom is also
being carried on as witness the
following indications:
Down In Texas, plain Pat Neff
who believes and supported medical frbedom, had a plurality of
80,000 over Senator Bailey, a prominent politician, who wa*s closely
allied with the medical trust. - In
Michigan the medical trust fought
General A, G. Grossberk. Mr.
Grossberk got in bad with the medicos because he would not consider
all children wards of the state, and
announced that he believed in the
fullest freedom of thought for all
citizens alike. He'was therefore
nominated for governor, and will
bo elected by a vast majority.
In Washington, Governor Louis
F. Hart, who signed the drugless
physicians' bill, rectlve.d the nomination in the primaries by a plurality of 8000 votes.
In Austin county, Washington,
Dr. Frank P. Lint, a prominent
ohirapractor physician received the
nomination for state senator.
The following article appeared
In a recent issue of the Christian
Science Monitor:
"Urging parents and citizens to
stand for medical freedom and
against the domination of professional and commercial medication
through aggressive medical propaganda, the Public School Protective
League calls attention to a'bulletin issued by the County Medical
Association of Los Angeles^ which
proposes to perfect an organization
for the 'Conservation of Public
Health/ and the immediate objec*
tive' of which Is to defeat the
anti-vivisection bill and the constitutional amendment for anti-
compulsory vaccination. The organization ia not to'be temporary,
according to tha Bulletin, but 'permanent, efficient and ■eml-mili-
tary,' for the purpose of defensive,
offensive and constructive work.
"Let each old member and each
new( member of the league tax
himself to the uttermost la this
year's contribution/' states tho bulletin, and continues: "it ls a crucial moment. Failure means the
retardation of medical progress in
California for perhapi a generation. Success meana that the
forces of darkness, reaction and
greed, which have massed against
scientific medicine, will be so curbed and chained that they will cease
to be, hereafter, a serious menace
ln the life of the community, and
scientific medicine can continue its
normal evolution without the hn-
drance and distractions it has been
subjected to in the pastf
In a debate on the anti-compulsory vaccination amendment at the
Commonwealth Club of this city,
the following statements were
"The question of the amendment
Is not as to the virtue of vaccination, but whether vaccination
should be forced on those that do
not care for it. The amendment
does not Interfere with the right
of people to enjoy vaccination, lf
they believe in it, but this is a proposition of forcing lt upon others
who do not care for t. So I fepeat
that the Issue ls not as to the virtue or the necessity of vaccination
in any sense. The lsue is on whether vaccination should be compulsory. Everybody knows that
vaccination carries extreme risk to
the subject. It ls not a safe remedy, it is not safe in. any sense.
Vaccination ls a debatable measure,
any way you put it. The medical
authorities are divided upon it;
perhaps a majority of doctors
agree that It is better th?£
non-vaccination, but they all understand and everybody knowd
that vaccination carries ' extreme
danger. It brings sickness, it in-
noculates sometimes with loathsome diseases, and incidentally
It brings death to the subject. Now,
a practice that carries so much
danger and is, debatable as to Its
being a good preventive, certainly
ought not to be forced upon people
who don't want it, especially when
we. remember that those who believe ln It may have it."
The Public School Protective
League calls special attention to
the fact that the amendment la
seeking exemption for all those
who depjro exemption, and especially the students of tho universities we at present must submit to
•Vaccination as a rule of entry, the
university claiming to be above the
law of exemption which obtains in
the lower schools.
Why did all patriotic corporations
wait for Henry Ford, whose patriotism has always beon under a
cloud, to start serious price-cutting?
The U. S. department of justice
ha to ntake an Inquiry Into what
use Bolshlviki money, now entering the States, ls being ptft. Propaganda is suspected.
of putting things.    They ought to
be abolished, they really ought.
Eelshaazar, my pet goat, ls quite
recovered, but. I am afraid he will
come to an untimely end some day.
He wasn't satisfied with eating a
whole copy of the Vernon News
and nearly killing himself, but I
caught him the other day eating
te labol off a tin1 of lye, no doubt
because the taste was so similar.
Tou wanted to know how I came
to call him Belshazzar. Well, I
cal Ihlm Belshazzar, old chap, because, like most of the other
goats In the Okanagan, he can see
tho handwriting on the wall but
hasn't brains enough to know what
It means.
Well, Ta! Ta! old chap. Cheerio.
Imperialists of America
Hare Their Eyes On
. Political Wealth
If War Is Necessary Then
On With the War
for Oil
(By Arthur Thomson)
In faoe of all the favorable
newspaper reports about conditions.
ln Mexico, lt may seem ridiculous
at this time to talk of intervention.
But things are not always what
they seem. It so happens that ln
face of all this eulogistic talk there
ls the same grave menace of Intervention hovering over Mexico
that has threatened the Mexican
people for the past ten years, air
though lt has not yet openly showed its hand.     ,
Now, the most menacing for'elgn
Intervention Mexico has had to
deal with have been the oil interests of tlio United States and Great
Britain, particularly those of the
United Stages. These oil interests
hold vast oil-producing lands in
Mexico, principally in the Tamplco
district, and they have been of re-.
cent years the backbone of the intervention drives against Mexico.
Dodging the payment of taxes to
the Mexican authorities has been
a favorite eport of their.", and
which they threaten to do against
the present Mexican government.
And on top of that they have long
desired free and unbridled reins, to'
exploit the oil lands of Mexico to
their hearts' content, but which the
Mexican poople have not seen flt
to allow them to do.
And because theso huge petroleum octopuses have not been able
to suck the oil out of Mexico unrestricted, their agents have carr
ried on a propaganda, insidious
and otherwise, for armed intervention by tht United States. They
have been quiet for the past few
months, but how long will they
stay quiot?
Oil is the most valuable product
in the world today. Millionaires
are being made almost overnight
by oil. The oil Industry has supplanted the steel Industry as the
most profitable and valuable. Industry must have oil. And oil magnates of the world are struggling
with each other for control of that
Money in Otl
The oil imperialists are the most
powerful in the world today; certainly they are ln the United States.
The Standard Oil Co. is the richest
thing in America." Standard Oil
atock ls quoted away over 600. Dividends are tremendous. The Standard declared about 600 per cent,
dividend, while one oil concern declared a dividend of over 1100 per
oent for the past year. There is
money lo oil
An because there is money In oil
flnanclal magnates are straggling
for control of that oil. The oil financiers of Great Britain are stir-.
veylng the world for prospective xoil
fields, and are buying up all prospects they can lay hands on. The
same with the United States. Only
the British financiers have the al-
vantage of the Americans on -account of the world-encircling state
of the British Empire, while American Imperialism is much moVe
limited. There has even been talk
of this struggle for oil supremacy
leading to war between England
and the United States.
Now, Mexico has the most valuable oil fields ln the world. Wells
In the Tamplco district are known
to produce 75,000 barrels"t.nd more
a day, while the largest wells In
the United States fall far1 below
that. In California the Standard
OU Co. owns the largest and most
productive well and that only flows
about 5000 barrels a day.-
So Tamplco means money! And
because it means money, oil financiers are prepared to go to the
limit to'control that oil. If obstacles come ln their path, then those
obstacles will be ruthlessly brushed
p.side. If wai* is necessary to remove thest obstacles, then on with
tho war! •
Worked for Intervention
During the past throe years the
otl producers of America, with'Interests in ^Mexico, have worked.
tooth and nail to bring about intervention In Mexico. Most of their
propaganda has been of ap insidious and underground nature.
They have had paid writers flood
the press with articles and "news"
about conditions below the Itlo
Grande, mostly of a lying and misrepresenting character. A director of their propaganda admitted
befort a senate Investigating committee that he was paid 920,000 a
year. They have organized asso-„
ciations for the "protection of American rights" ln Mexico, and enlisted membership all over the
United States. And with this powerful organization they have wielded the big stick before Congress
and the Mexican people.
Particularly Offensive
The Mexican constitution contains an article—Article 27—that
is particularly offensive to the oil
Interests. This article put final
control of the otl and other mineral deposits in the hands of thai
Mexican people. This'the oil Inter-
ests don't like, because it means
that they cannot have free and unbridled reins to do as they please
regardless of the Interests of the
poople. pertain spokesmen of the
oil people have recently openly
said that the Mexican government
must not be recognized until
Mexico radically changes its constitution, particularly those articles
offensive to capital. Which mennfl
that lf the new regimo will allow
the oily Johns and other foreign
interests to overrun Mexico such
as they did during the Diaz dictatorship, these interests will withdraw opposition to recognition.
Otherwise look out for squalls.
But it is not likely that the Mexican government will allow Mexico
to be overrun by these Interests.
They may as well tell Washington
tr, hoist the Stars and Stripes over
«j» "Yellow Peril" Be-
-comes Costly to Cans-
'„■'. ' dian Railroads
Much has b.en spoken and writ-
ton regarding the dangers et an
invasion from the Orient. Labor on
tke western side of this continent
has persistently endeavored to stop
or at least lessen the coming in of
Chinese and Japanoso workers.
Such endeavors have not been very
The C. P. R. and the C. N. R.
have recently been importing great
numbers of Chinamen for work on
tbe roadbeds. All along the railways are groupa of the "heathen
Chinee" grading, laying rails, replacing ties, ete. Once this work
was considered a elosod shop for
the Italian, and then eame other
European races; now section work
1* passing almost exclusively into
And how Is It working out?.
A section foreman of long experience Informs The Searchlight that
he has now under/ his control a
party of £8 Chinamen. With thla
number he tells us he Is only able
to keep In repair a stretch of track
which formerly was well kept up
by 11 European workers. We asked
him lf this was becauso the Chinamen did not have the necessary
strength and skill. His reply waa
brief, and it set us thinking:       .
'Wo," said he, "that Is not the
reason. The Chink savees."
The Chink "eaveea"!
A few days later it was our privilege to meet a Chinese Interpreter,
a bright-eyed, emlling, woll-groom-'
ed Individual. Wo had a talk with
him in regard to the labor situation and the coming in of so many
of his countrymen to tlie industrial
life of this country. We found that
the interpreter knew the ways of
the' world and was neither provincial nor national In his outlook. He
knew more of the labor problem
than any coal operator in this district—which, really, la not saying
very much, after all.
The Interpreter assured us that
the "white worker" need not fear
the competition of the Chinamen hi
,the labor market. "You will find,"
said he. "that the Chinaman Is not
suoh a fool as many might think
he is; he will not ln the hour he
works for forty cents do more than
fo^ty. centa' worth of work."
'And there we leave the question
ot.JlThe Yellow Peril" for our read-
ern^to ponder over.—Searchlight.
Convention Instructs Offi-
'Cers to Study Indus*
trial Unionism
(By Nicholas Klein, Federated
Press Correspondent)
Cincinnati. — The six-hour day
and the abolition of night work will
be the object of a nation-wide campaign by the Bakery and Confectionery Workers' International union. Speakers in favor of tho resolution denied that the' adoption of
a six-hour day and the elimination
of nght work would justify increased prices for bread or cause derangement in the baking industry.
Closer affiliation of workors In all
the food industries was favored, as
wasf closer connection with the bakery and confectionery workers of'
Mexico, A resolution calling upon
the United States government to
recognize the SoVlet government of
Russin was adopted 'at the closing
Protest was recorded against all
anti-strike legislation.
After an address by Miss Lucy
Roberts of New York City, the convention instructed its Goneral executive board to donate $500 to the
fund being used to secure amnesty
for'all political prisoners.
The officers were Instructed to
study Industrial unionism und report at the next convention.
(By the Federated Press.)
Auckland, N. Z.—" Hois' Monthly
Magazine, a paper published at
Melbourne, Australia, \Vlth rationalist, Socialist and antl-mllltarlst
views is still prohibited; from importation In New Zealand. The
comptroller of customs announces
that the war-time ban wtll be continued.
Bremerton, Wash.—A movie theatro owned and controlled by or-
ganfssefl labor, with a capital stock
■ot ?100,000, is being started here,
following the success of a similar
vertluro in Soattlo.
What about renewing your sub.T
Mexico City and bo dono with It,
agsip allow American oil and othor
Interests to do as they pleased and
exploit the Mexican peoplo unchecked.
.JJ., looks very much liko troublo
aheud for Mexico. When tl.e_j>il
Interests seo that they cannot go
lit .and plunder unchecked, they are
gpljig to call for intervention. They
have already disputed the* fact that
tiiey. owo money to Mexico for
taxes. It la not settled yet. Thoy
kep,l a paid bandit for months dur-
iijg'llie last adminiatration to keep
taxation from tlieir door and they
may try to do the same thing again
ilf.lpey don't get their own way,
Anyhow, keep your eyes peeled
after the presidential election. If
Mr. Harding gets elected, you can
expect a "severe" policy towards
Mexico—something along tho order
of "Blood and Iron." Tho Republicans are strong on that, and they
all endorse Senator Fall's report on
Mexico—Including Mr. Harding.
Senator Fnll owns $75,000 worth
of mining stock ln Mexico, and believes that Mexico will no(ver bo
free nnd flt for, civilization until ll
flies tho American flag. T imd particular occasion to flnd this out, al
I went beforo his Bentite "inveh*
tlgatlng" committee to testify when
it Was In Los Angeles last March.
If the next president and congress
adopt Senator Fait ns their guide,
then its rocks ahead for Mexico.
Campafgn   for  International Language Is
A meeting of those Interested ln
Esperanto was held ln the Electrical Workere (Looal 218) quarters, at 440 Pender Street West, o%
Wednesday, Ootober 13, lit t p.m.
Meetings will be held'at the same
place every Wednesday evening
until further arrangements are
made. The thanks of the Esper-
antlsts are due to the members of
Local 213 in placing the hall at
their disposal for these meetings.
There aw a good many students
and advocates of Esperanto in
Vancouver and it ts. expected to
have a well organized and healthy
body here In the near future. It
Ib hoped to have several . classes
going shortly, depending of course
on tlie amount of pupils desirous
of learning the language.
It Is often asked what ts Esperanto and who started it, and so on.
Esperanto is an International auxiliary language and the aim ls not
to supplant, but to supplement all
others. Esperanto was Invented by
a Polish Jew, Dr. Zamenhoff by
name, who afterwards called himself Dr. Esperanto, the word meaning "one who hopes,"
-The flrst mention we have of a
language of this sort Is ln 1029,
when a monk conceived the Idea.
Later another monk invented a
language callod Volapuk. This was
a German, and his language gained
great popularity, but waned owing
to It not being scientific and being
constantly ohanged at each succeeding convention. On-the contrary, Esperanto has not been
changed, nor has it been found
necessary to change It except ln
some very small particulars, since
Its inception. The language is
simple, helng scientific, easily
learned and easily remembered.
Perhaps to -no one Is Esperanto of
more service than tq the non-
grammarian. It gives him for a
minimum expenditure of time and
money a valuable insight into the
principles of grammar and the
meaning of words, while enabling
him, after only a few months of
study, to get Into communication
with hla fellow men ln all parts of
the world.
Zarftenhoff conceived the Idea
through being brought up ' in a
town whose population was of four
distinct races: Poles, Russians,
Germans and Jews, each with their
own language and mostly at open
enmity with each other, therefore
he reasoned they hated because
they did not understand each other.
The movement has grown since
1887 until today tt ls spoken and
read tn almost every country In the
world. It is taught at public
schools, at colleges, labor schools
and classes, Socialist schools,
church schools, publicly and privately in every country. The idea
appeals to every Internationalist,
be he or she a worker, a Christian,
a social reformer, a League of Nations enthusiast, or what not. It
will also appeal to the banker and
business man when he sees the
vnluo of It Our mathematics ls International, - scientific terms are
written In Latin by scientists the
world over, and our music ls the
same, wherever music is played or
sung. Who has not listened to and
enjoyed a piece of music and never
uven thought of it being French,
German or anything else? It is
music and Is the same In all lands.
Tet once every country had different notation and we may well suppose a great deal of criticism was
levelled at the man who advocated
and finally accomplished the Idea
of making our music like we have
it today, international. So by all
means learn Esperanto. You will
beneflt yourself, you will Improve
your mind and memory, and holp
to brihg nearer the day when men
Bhall be united together In a real
League of Nations.
Militarists Have Much to
Lose by Kusso-Polish
i Peace
(By Laurence Todd)
(Staff Correspondent for tho Fed-
. crated Press)
Japan's militarist Imperialism
has much to lose by the making
of peace between Russia and Poland, In the opinion of diplomats
Theso diplomats will not at present permit themselves to bo quoted
on so grave a situation as that in
lho Far East, but thore is coming
Into their hands every day a mass
fif information which proves that
the triumphs of the Nipponese
mailed flat In Asia, as against their
sister nations, nA) to ho short-lived.
.Even that war-tested compact, the
Anglo-Japanese alliance, now run
nlng out, may not bo renewed in
its old strength. When Britain
ceases to back up Japanese conquests ln China, Korea and Siberia,
and when Russia ls free to restore her old Siberian bonudaries,
and to establish friendly relations
with her neighbors ln Asia, the menace of militarist Japan to Asia,
and to the United States, will have
Russian peaco In Europe spells
ultimate authority in Vladivostok,
which will moan a free Korea, and
will hasten the day of a free, unit
cd and sovereign China. It may bc
years, but lt Is on the way.
Assayers, Prospectors and Surveyors
The B.C. School of Pharmacy & Science
Crow.BtiI.un, 615 PENDER ST. W. n«tS«jr.U4l
A separate Department to fir. PRACTICAL training to ttf. ■
pcetors, Assayera aad Surveyor* —I. heen aataMtabad IB IM <
above institution. .','*
Any nan who haa ambition ta Improve hit poeltlon yrtli tai tM
opportunity here.
Theae are PRACTICAL eoureee Mr PRACTICAL maa by PRA»
TICAL Lecture™. It la not merely theoretical work -which could
be obtained from books,'
The department la ln charge ot Mr. Stanley Poulda and Mr. M-
P. Wilaon, D.L.S., who have apent many yeara at tha work.
Por particular! writ* or call on the Principal, P. J. BAIN.
NOTE—Aa a prool ol en mttbodi, Ike fellnrle, ni.lt. wn* eUalaed if aa
duiln, th. put yeu: lit pl.ee la the B; O, Un* lemren' Maall Iat
pise, in B. O. Laid flurv. jrori' Preliminary; at plat* ta A. 0. Vait. AMMed
Solent. Ent.; lit place in B. G. Minor aal Major Fkanaaeri Iat plaee fa B.
0.. Law Preltnln.iT. ' __^__^__
lite Old Established firm .
Patenta       Trade Marks       Designs       Copyrights
Other ««cei—Ottawa, Toronto. MontMaL BamllMa, WlaalpM, Hslltll. Bt.
 JohOj In Q*..d.j New Tork .el WMbl.etq.. P. O . U. 0  A.
Will   Send    Organizers
East  and  West  to
Open Branches
Winnipeg, Man.—Th* medical
relief committee for Soviet Rusaia
and Ukraine in thla dty la going
ahead with lta work. Tha road la
hard, but lt ia being gradually covered. At the last meeting held on
October 7 it whs decided to print
a small pamphlet, giving ae wide a
range of information aa possible, aa
to the reaaona for the necessity of
Russia and Ukraine now appealing
for aid. This pamphlet la now on
tha press and will be ready for distribution about the end of thta
week. The committee also deolded
to send delegates East and West,
who will form local committees it
all possible points and hold meetings wherever possible. Comrade
G. B. Currle, who recently arrived
from Great Britain, and another
comrade not yet appointed, will undertake the work In the Bast Comrade P. W; Kaplan,' chairman of
the preaa oommlttee, la leaving In
a few daya for the West. In the
capacity of apeolal organizer. It la
eipeoted that thai*'delegatea will
be successful ln forming locals and
generally enlarging tha scope and
elforta of the Canadian branoh of
the medical relief committee for
Soviet Rusaia and Soviet Ukraine.
The committee In this city at preaent constitutes a committee of all
but one ot the loeal labor organisations, and meeta every Thursday
evening In the Ukrainian' Labor
Are TOU, fellow workers, willing to asalst In thia effort to relieve, to aome extent, at least, the
suffering . of the Russian and
Ukfalnlen working people? There
is a blank In this paper for TOU.
Fill It out with the largest sum you
can possibly afford and mall same
to the secretary. See "that the
secretary sends you a canvasalng
receipt book and then proceed to
solicit contributions from your
friends, acquaintances and fellow-
workera you meet, and by  doing
thla work of relief you will ba contributing towarda humanity, toward* th* aafeguardlng of tk*
whole world agalnat the apread
east and w«*t of th* plague now
raging In Russia and Ukraine, Tea
will be doing service-to thi {lusalaa
and Ukrainian brothers and abv
t*i», «ad will ther.br be doing a
servlo* to yourself. Work for tM
fund. Se* that It grow*. It I* to
your beneflt
Just to remind you lhat It only
eotta to cent* to get "Behind tM
Bare" from thla office.
TOU CAN     \
We Truat Ton
W* allow very SABT
TERMS and wa treat you
right la •very way, aell-
Ing you th* bast ot gooda
at Ih* moat moderdt* of
price*.   Com*   and an.
■ Furniture Co. I
H^ 41*  MAIN ^M
^^   Opposite  City  Hall)|^r
For Twenty Tsars w* tave Urns* this Uaiea Slam, tu tte aadar on
PMCtfBl Oellertlr. Bargaining
tabids Beth 8Mke< aad Lockoeta
Dispute, Settled by ArMtwtion
Steady Emtiojmeet aad Skilled Werkaaasalf
Prompt DMlMrtM to Dm1.m aad PaMle
Peace nnd Sncceis to Worksrs aad Employers
Prosperity of Skoe KsUng OmmunlHM
As loyal anion men sad veaen, we ask
yon  to  demand  shone  tearing   tk.   above
Union Stamp oa Sole, Insolo or Lining.
OolUs LoTely, O«no»l Preildwrt.    Ohatlw L, l».n«, Choml Sic.-Trwj,
The 1 M.T. Loggers' Boot
Hall ordm  personally  attended to
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS & SON
Next Doon to Loggers' Halt
Phono Seymonr SSO Repairs Done While You Watt
Fresh Ont mowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plant!
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Baitings Street Eait 728 OranvUle Street
Seymoar 988-672 Sermour 0613
After .being on strike since September, 1919, lho demands of the
Tailor's Union of Portland, Ore.,
havo been granted. This is thc
last union of all the coast cities to
return to work. Tho union has
been running Ub own tailor' shop
now be converted Into a co-opera-
for a considerable timo; this will
tivo shoD.
When you co to buy a pair of shoos do
you insist on seeing the label? When
you come to this store you can get Just
the shoe you want and It wtll have tha
The Ingledew Shoe Company
"Unlon-Mndo Footwear" PAGE EIGHT
twelfth year. no. ti    THE BHTITSH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. o
...October 11, Itlll
Boyi' Dept., Seoond Floor
Here's Big
Overcoat News
THERE ate three styles to select
from. The Young Men's Double-
breasted, form-fitting model, with
silk yoke lining; a big storm-proof
Ulster, full lined' and belted; the
favorite loose-fitting Raglan with
wide skirt and full back, Shown
in all sizes, and the newest weaves
and .
$30 and $35
$37.50   140   $45  $50 to $75
Hart Schaffner and Marx Clothes
Copyright 1920 Hart Schaffner & Man
The Home of
Canada's Largest Exclusive Storo
for Meu nnd Boya
Full Term Will Have
to Be Served
(Continued from page 1)
thoie who do not see  below  the
surface.   He adds:
"The trades unions continue to
be the centre of attack by those ln
oil countries who would substitute
direot action and revolutionary
methods for orderly progress
through    constitutional    changes.
v W. E. Fenn's School
Phonea: Bey. 101—Sey. SOM-0
Social Dances Monday, Wedneaday and Saturday.
Not only are the trades unions being attacked by these groups locally and nationally, but attempts are
now being made to destroy the International Federation ot Trades
Unions itself, in which the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada
holds membership, by substituting
another federation with headquarters at Moscow, and then through
that body destroying the effectiveness of the International Labor
Offlce, a connection of tha League
of Nations."
A Russian Campaign
The extent of the propaganda of
the Russian radicals ls Indicated ln
the following statement issued by
the body which ts working to supplant the present International
"Be lt .known that we regard
those leaders of tradea unionism as
our claas enemies who are ot
opinion that negotiations and compromise will solve the social problems; who seriously think that
capitalists will hand over the
means of wealth production on the
achievement of working-class ma-
Color absolutely guaranteed at
Thos. Foster & Co., Ltd.
jorlty in Parliament; who think
that trades unions can remain neutral at a time of collapse of the old
social order and at a time when
the destiny of the world ts being
determined; and who preach social
reconciliation at a time of rabid
class warfare.
"We shall employ the moat stubborn resistance tn order to defeat
them and their manoeuvres.
The International Council of
Trades Unions and the International Federation of Trades Unions
at Amsterdam stand on different
sides of a barricade: one on the
side of social revolution and.the
other on the side of reaction.
"What have the trades unions of
both great and small nations done
during the course of the war? How
have they carried out the solemn
pledge of international solidarity of
the working class fraternity? The
trades unions mostly became the
pillars of Jingo policy on the part
of their respective governments;
they worked hand ln hand with
bourgeoise national rogues hnd
aroused in the minds of the workers the basest of chauvinist Instincts.
"It is well that the source from
which this Red propaganda
springs should be macfe known,
continues Mr. Moore's statement.
The stabilizing influences of bona-
flde trades unions is fully realized
by these would-be wreckers of society, and lt Is necessary not only
for trades unionists, but all other
classes, to realize the dangers that
He ahead. The* propaganda directed from Moscow cannot be killed
by ignoring it. The boat method
Is the fullest publicity and trust ln
the sound commonsense of Canadian citizens to do the rest when
tbey once fully understand its final
Celebrate First Labor
Day in Mexico
(Continued from page 1)
In ths newest  Fall  style*.    A
rare bargain at from  148.00
A Perfect
Credit Service
Credit to Vancouver
IT'S the ono grand Bystem thot
has made thousands of poople
in this city happy tind contented, because there are no obji-c-
tionablo features In buying
clothes the "NEW TORK" way-
It's simply a mutual method
whereby you can obi ain the best
of clothes to wear on terras M
low as 16.00 down and the balance
at 9&;6Q par week.
You pay nothing for tbe convenience of oredit because oar
prices, considering quality, aro as
low, If not lower, than you aro
aaked to pay in many cash stores.
As an example of values we offer
the following .specials for to*
Another  big  shipment  has  Jnst
arrived.     Styles  and  cloths  to
suit    all    ages,    epeeial    from
936.00 ap.
Also many other lines of Ladies' Coals In various fnahlonahlo styles
snd fabrics, at popular prices.
_____ I
ot the balconies of the ptilacc. Col.
Vlllareal had carried the banner
Into the palace and coming directly out on the balcony, planted lt
(Irmly beside Sotoy Guma who,had
begun to speak.
At tho same time a group of
workora had Invaded the Cathedral
towers, and taking possession of
the forty immense chimes, began
to ring them in honor of the occasion—the (Irst time they had
rung since the triumphal entry of
Obregon into Mexico City last May.
Viva Russia!
Sotoy Goma, the first spoaker,
could get no further after he announced "On the horizon we can
see the red dawn that riBes from
Russia .... for his speech
was lost In.the din of the cathedral
bells and the shoutings of "Viva
Luis Morones followed with, a
masterful attack on tho presB; he
got ns far as: "We have but one
watchword—organization; but one
purpose—the destruction of the
capitalist system and all it stands
for; but one ling—the red Hag .
. . " and his speech, too, was
drowned out by tho ringing of bells
and the "vivas" of the crowd.
Politicians—Gentlemen Rums
Then came Felipe Carrllo advising the paraders that manifestations backed up by solid political
and industrial organization will do
away with congresses—"Conglomerations of gentlemen bums," with
supreme courts, with private commerce and Industry . . . and.
across tho broad plaza, burning tn
the midday sun of the tropica, the
boils rang out their delirious approval.
The din of the chimes made further speaking impossible and the
big crowd dispersed as peacefully
as It had gathered agreeing with
Morones that the "bells were ringing the death knell of capitalism,"
The price of copies of Prlteli-
ard's address to the Jury, Dixon'*
mlclrcs and tho history of the
Winnipeg qtrlke lias been reduced
to 10 ots. per copy. Tho Winnipeg
defense committee Is also issuing
Defense Fund Stamps, the price of
which is 25 cents eaeh.
When through with this paper,
pass lt or.
Yank Describes Plight of
European Labor to CaL
Labor Convention
<By Walter Dunn, for Federated
Fresno, Cal. — Europe's plight
was graphically described to -the
.convention of the California State
Federation of Labor, in session
here, by Paul Sharrenberg, secretary of that organization, who has
recently returned from a tour of
Italy, Switzerland, Germany, Bel-
glum, France and England.
In Italy Sharrenberg witnessed
the general strike. He sees little
hope in direct action and predicted
that the uprising of the workers
would be halted by a flnanclal
Germany's 8,600,000 trade unionists .scoff at political action, says
Sharrenberg. The loss of her' foreign trade has worked great hardship on the masses. "Today," said
Sharrenberg, "the skilled mechanic
of Germany just eKes out an existence. He does not live."
Hatred for France hai Increased
since the occupation of German
provinces by the French troops and
a war of revenge is talked of, he
Belgium's co-operative movement greatly impressed him but the
Rochdale system Ib found all over
Europe, he says. "The co-operative movement is the training
ground of industrial democracy and
in it lies the hope of the American
"While in London I saw a strike
of waitresses. A girl had been fired
for wearing a union button and
4,000 girls went on strike. Their
method of picketing was different
from ours. Two girls stood In the
doorway of a restaurant. When a
person attempted to enter the girls
moved together. 'You are not going in here, are you, sir?' Often
the person would insist and a discussion would follow.
"I asked a London bobble about
It and he said, 'That's all Ught as
long as they don't go in and clean
them out.' I saw the girls on parade, thousands of them, four
abreast and bobbies on each side a
few paces apart. I asked the reason for the escort and was informed that the bobbles were guarding
the restaurants, not the girls. They
wanted to be around if anything
Besides passing a resolution recommending that each craft: make
provision for simultaneous expiration of contracts with employers
the State Federation went on record as demanding "an increasing
share in the responsibilities and
management of Industry; application of this principle to be developed in accordance with the experience of actual operation,"
London.—The Dally Herald on
October 11 raised Its price to twopence (four cents.) To the amazement of the newspaper world, the
anticipated big drop in the Herald's
circulation did not materialize. So
far as it ls possible to judge, sales
have not fallen off at all, and have
even Increased. This Is the workers' answer to the concentrated attacks of the last few weeks upon
the Herald.
Copenhagen, — As the result of
the recent election to the Folke-
thlng, made necessary by the formal Incorporation in the kingdom
of Denmark of North Slesvig, the
Socialists have six more members
than the old lower house, *hlle
the combination of the moderate
left and the Conservatives upon
which the Neergard ministry is
based remains numerically the
same as before. .
Best Quality—Right Prices
223  Carrall   Street.*
Sey. 1250	
Govt Proposal to Create a
Senate Brings Along
Strike Proclamation
Warsaw—A general itrlke throughout Poland has been proclaimed ae a protest against the proposed
creation of an upper House of Parliament under the new constitution,
on which a commission has been
working for more than a year.
In Warsaw the atreet cars ceased running and restaurants and
many stores are closed. Open-air
maas meetings are being held and a
procession of several thousand persons marched to 'the diet and pre*
sented Resolutions.
Lumber Workers Compelled to Enforce Provincial Laws Themselves
Flagrant violation of the various
laws which If enforced, would be
of value to the workers, has been
carried on by the employers with
the active connivance of the government, and the more or less
passive consent of the workers
.themselves. This particularly applies to the nominal prohibition
act, health act, semi-monthly pay
The workers have devoted more
attention to the enforcement of the
Health Act than any other ,and to
a considerable degree have been
successful in getting a more or less
half-hearted conformity to It, or
probably it would be better to say
that they have by the strength of
their organization secured the enforcement of the union standard of
camp conditions in those camps
where the men with active union
principles wore In sufficient strength
or aggressiveness to make their
demands r.tick. There are still a
very large number of camps which
In no sense conform to the laws or
union standard ,and evidence points
to an eagerness and Intention of
the employers ln those camps
which are somewhere near the requirements to drop back into the
old condition. This Is so in quality
'of food as well as In general conditions. In the past the men have
been very lax in having the semimonthly pay net llevd up to, and
now when financial credit is being
curtailed, the men are finding that
when the bosses Illegal monthly or
occasional payday should come
around, there is not the cash to
meet the demands consequently
during the past week a large number of liens have been Issued for
unpaid wages. In some cases the
available assets are not sufficient to
meet the wage claims. The only
thing for the men to do Ib to demand strict conformity with payment in accord with their1 wishes
In this respect, for It ts senseless to
work unless the pay will be forthcoming on demand. Unless, of
course, the incentive is the pleasure of working and the satisfaction
of piling up profits for employing
or banking Interests.
McLeod's at Gambler Island have
a lockout on hand, as the boss (or
financial backers) says he cannot
afford to put .in blankets and
sheets. Neither can the men afford to let him get away without
putting them in, for lt would constitute an acceptance of a lower
standard of living conditions then
what has been fought for and in
many Instances obtained during the
past two years.
Doubtless many attempts will be
nn% to stampede the men into an
epidemic of strikes, by the threat
of reduced wages, lowered conditions or discrimination. Jt is hoped
that the workers have learned by
this time how not to strike, and
also that when the boss wants you
to do something, It Is a pretty good
time not to do it.
The conditions nt the U. G. G.
camps at Hutton Is disgraceful.
What Is the health department doing? A mounty might flnd time to
call there.
SYDNEY, N. S. W.—Policemen
In New South Wales hnve decided
to form a union. The proposed union Is being largely supported
throughout the cities and country,
and it Is hoped that it will be 100
per cent strong in the near future.
In the labor stnte of Queensland,
the police have been organized In
a union for several years past.
What about renewing your iub?
Largest Stove for Men in the West
The price ticket tells
only half die. story
about Dick's extraordinary CIotK-
ing Values.
The price is unusually low — But
•     the  quality f is unusually high.
And you'll find a mighty favorable comparison betwoen the price
you pay, and the quality you (et, on any investment here. For,
as comparison proves, Dick's Clothes Are Your Best Investment,
$25™ $65
Trades Council Asks for
Action to Stop Immigration
At the regular meeting of the
Vancouver j_International) Trades
and Labor Council, held Thursday
evening, a resolution was passed to
appoint a committee to take up
with the City Council the matter of
Issuing licenses to soft drink dispensers when thei'e are no jobs to
be had. The delegate of the soft
drink dispensers pointed out that
there had already been over 620
licenses Issued and only 800 men
working. These licenses could bo
obtained for $2,50 and, Inasmuch
aB the news was being spread
broadcast across the TJ. S. that B.
C. was a wide open town; that it
would be good policy to stop the
issuing of licenses until jobs were
A communication from L, Martens, enclosing books containing
information regarding Soviet Russia's alleged propaganda in North
America, ' was received and the
books placed with the secretary
for sale to delegates.
Delegate McDonald of the Tal-
olr's Union reported 75 per cent,
of memberi only working part
Shipyard Striko Still On.
Delegate Welsh of the plumbers
and steam fitters reported that
steam fitters, sheet metal workers
and coppersmiths were stilt on
strike In Vancouver. Both Wallaces and Coughlans have been
trying to obtain men, but cannot
get the desired help. The steam
fitters' union has 100 men out and
all of them ar'e standing solid In
Bplte of the fact that offers of increased wages have been made to
individuals. These men; however,
have turned down the offers because the open shop goes with the
offer. Wallaces has six steam fitters working and Coughlans has
one. The union is paying strike
Teamsters  With  Building  Trade*.
Delegate Showier of the teamsters, reporting oh actions of hts
organization in convention, stated
that they had decided to affiliate
with the building trades department of the A. F, of L., and also
with the Tradea and Labor Congress of Canada.
The seeretary of the council was
instructed to write the Department
of Labor to the effect that in view
Of the labor' conditions in Vancou-'
ver, the government should place
an embargo oa labor1 from the U.
S„ and also take steps to,warn
would-be Immigrants In Europe of
the small chances of obtaining employment In this city.
Though They Are Unorganized They Quit the
The employees at Bucklln's mill,
New Westminster, were Informed
by their employers lust week that
their wagea would be reduced 10
per cent.
Upon receiving this Information,
the employees, who are not organized, held an Impromptu meeting,
and decided to strike rather than
accept the reduction In wages.
After reaching this decision,
their employer notified them that
the firm had decided to close thc
mill down till the end of the year.
During .this period the former
employees at this mill will have
lots of time lo study the alms and
objects of the One Big Union, and
when they do start work again,
Should they have the .mental capacity to absorb thc idea of the O.
B. U., they will have realized thc
futility of a few workrs trying to
jtyick organized capital, especially
on a falling market.
Had these mill workers beon
members of the Lumber Worker;
department of the O. B. U. ami
taken an active Interest in thc
affairs of that organization, they
would have known that to go on u
hungei* strike ln face of a falling
market, was the last recourse of
Its members.
It seems that one of the failings
of the human animal Is that he
will not learn from the experience
of others. He must have the actual experience before he is willing to be convinced that the other
fellow Is right.
Many mill workers who have not
yet rcatlzed the necessity for One
Big Union of workers, will no
doubt, after their experience this
coming winter, be willing to admit
that they were foolsh ln not taking
advantage of organizing with their
fellow workers on a class basis,
for they will be made to realize
through actual experience that the
only way workers can successfully
fight against the onslaughts ot organized capital, In tho future, is
through a class organization, class
agalnit class.
The Williams
Shoe for Men
Have your shoes stood
the test? The last two
months have been, thc
hardest kind of weather on shoes? Have you
had dry feet? Are thc
heels solid? If not try a pair of our WILLIAMS shoes-
solid leather soles and heels. They will stand *»7 AA
the test of all weathers.   «P • «vu
Maw Meeting to Bc Held in New
Westminster on October
tlio 2!ili
- A mass meeting of O. B. U. member! will be held in Labor Hall,
New Westminster, corner Seventh
and Royal avenue, on Oct. 27, at
8 p.m.
Owing to the heavy rainfall on
the night of the last meeting out
there, the attendance was not as
was expected, and tho question of
opening an offlce of thc O. B. U.
ln New Westminster was laid over"
until'the meeting on the 27th.
The members who were present
at the last meeting, unanimously
agreed to ask Fellow Worker T. A.
Barnard if he would be willing to
accept the position as secretary
and organizer for the O. B, u. in
New Westminster.
Should ho be willing to accept
the position, he will have tho support of all members out there In
building up a livo organization, and
If thero is a good attendance at the
H. Walton
Specialist  in   Electrical    Treatments, |
Violet Ray and High  Frequency for]
Rheumatism,  Sciatica,  Lumbago,  Par-1
alyain, Hair   and   bculp   Treatment*, ,
Chronic Ailments.
Phona Seymour S04I
198 Huting! Street Weit.
mass meeting, no doubt arrange!
ments will be mnde to start th<|
olllce out there Immediately.
Be sure to notify the post officii
as soon as you change your addreul
The Only Hat Sale
in Years    vx   -*.
—so said a man who bought one
-ot these hats from us the other
day. We bellove the gentleman was
sincere. At any rale, you will find
this is
A Genuine Sale
The stock Is all this season's goods
and you have been accustomed to
Paying about twice what we nre
Regular .8.00 Wolthausen nnd Brock lines In black and
green velours. Smart styles, such as careful dressers prefer. All slscs. The kind you have been ttt A mm
paying »8.00 for     <|>4.70
Regular J10.00 American makes. Silk nnd plain finish. AH
shades and sises. These hats have been In strong demand
heretofore at thc old price. CfmtT
You'll appreciate the saving , .'    $0.75
Rogular up to (15.00 lines of Tress, Christy, Stelson,-Bor-
sallno, Knox, Mallory and other top-notch makes. These
comprise spine beautiful beavers, richly Ao  mm
finished.   All sizes and shades  _    VO.75
As this huge
stock comprises
about 140,000
worth of choice,
hats, out-of-town
customers may
feci assured of
getting their particular kind of
hat if they visit
us at any time in
the near future.
TWEED HATS—Many good, serviceable ones, nice shades and
HIGH-CLASS CAPS—Tress, Christy   and   other  first-grade   makes.
Regular up"
to J5.00	
Your choice	
81 Hastingi East
largest Men's Hattcri
in the West
Nomination    ot    Officers    Takes
Place Tonight; Will Have
Ileal Campaign
Tonight (Friday) the Junior
Labor League will hold ItB regular
monthly business meeting. Nomination of ollicers for the coming
year Is one of the most Important
mattors to come bofore the members, tonight. The class ln Industrial History, led by Comrade J. S.
Woodsworth, will meet as usual at
7:30 prompt. Tho league meeting
will convene at 8:30 p.m. The
meeting will be held at 020
Eleventh Avenue East. The members Intend staging a real live
campaign and campaign speeches
will be heard for the next three
meetings by the members. The
election takes place on the fourth
Frldav In Novembe"
Reduced 15
$30 SUITS NOW $24.75
$35 SUITS NOW $29.75
$40 SUITS NOW $33.75
$45 SUITS NOW $38.25
Other Suits in same proportion
Corner of Homer and Hastings Streets


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