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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Jun 27, 1924

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■THE ELECTION that is just past is, by no means, the last one for
this province. Thc real issues have never ,t «j,-t_ dealt with as yet.
The same problems will still confront every cV./j.n. The puzzle as
to how the average man and woman is to ,'■%>—when little or
no work can be found—still remains to be sol* ■*', Once again,
judging from thc-past, it still remains for Labor t\ 'ee that issue
and to frankly, honestly and sincerely, place thc ftr* ■& before the
people in their true light so that they will realize the _. \,pty;of the
• situation which humanity today is facing the world ovev.;-
The task is one that will require the assistance and enthusiastic
eo-operation"of every one within the Labor movement. Instead of
having finished our task for the next few years, it is just really
beginning. Right from today we" must get into the struggle and
help organize our forees for the future. It is the hard, and frequently little appreciated work that will be done between now and
the next eleetion ithat will bring us victory or defeat upon .that occasion. This is the time that tests thc sincerity and the enthusiasm
of the followers of Labor. Let us show the world, if need be, that
wc are at all times true to the principles for which we stand, and
that at no time do we leave a single stone unturned that will serve
to further the cause of humanity—our only reason for existetnee.
Ncvcf before has Labor shown such a united front as she has
upon the occasion of this last provincial election. We have proven
our movement to be a force-that must be reckoned with in the future.
The old political parties have had a lesson and never again can they
ignore our influence in the political arena. Help us make that influence such as to merit it the assistance and co-operation of every
intelligent man and woman in our province, and let us commence now.
Labor Member-elect for South Vancouver to B. C. Legislature
Workers in Building Trades of
Qreat Britain Insured Against
Explanation of Decline in Numbers-of Operatives in Twenty-
odd Years
[Labor  Press Service]
T ONDON.—Figures     showing     the
number of skilled and other workora in tho building trades Insured
agalnBt unemployment, before the war
and ln the most recent enumeration,
1 were published in the Times. They
showed a'total for all occupations of
916,760 in July, 1914, against 717,120
in December,  1923.
More signlflcant are the figures
published in the Master Builder for
May, showing that the shortage of
labor in the trado goes back a long
way. The census of 1901 gave tho
number of men engaged In tho building trade as 834,144; in 1911 the
number was 741,sr.fi; and in 1923 it
Is given as only 632,000.
But the last flgure of all is most
significant!. At tHe end ot February, 1924 (Bays that builders' journal)
12.8 per cent, of tho building trades
workpeople under the unemployment
Insurance acts were unemployed!
There lies the explanation of the
decline ln the numbers of the building
trade operatives in the last twenty-
odd years; no work, no workers.
"The law ls not fossilized. It ls
growth. It grows more just with the
growing humanity of the age and
broadens 'with the process of the sun.'
Labor is the basis of civilization. Let
it withhold Us hand and the forests
return and grass grows in tho silent
1 Btreets."—The late Chief Justice Walter Clark of North Carolina.
Difficult to Realize Causes Beyond
Materialism—Only Few Facts
Canadian' Forests Are Jobs for
|  120,000 Workers—6,000 Forest
Fires a Year
[By Robson Black]
Forests aro jobs. Trees mean trade.
Logs are the raw material, not of
lumber or paper, but of pay cheques.
It Is an incidental matter that the
forest gives us telegraph polos. It Is
a very important matter that the forest gives us 120,000 workmen, supporting a hnlf million of Canadian
dependents, and distributing BOO million dollars to maintain Canadian prosperity. Conservation would never
bother Itself with trees lf trees were
not the substance of human employment, The Forest Protectionist-would
not sweat a drop for a square mile
of spruce if he did not know that
some vast industry, a thriving town
and a thousand contented homes are
I tied to spruce treea by an inseparable
[ bond.
We Canadians set 6,000 forest Area
i year    and    nine-tenths    of   them
ithrough human recklessness, but those
beacon lights of prodigality mean
nothing if they do not tell lis that we
hnve put the torch to the llvllhood of
thousands of men; we have signed an
unrenewable note for our children and
our gnnd-chlldron to pay. Let it be
laid down.ns an ugly and undlsturb-
lahle fnct that in the present situation
With forest demand jammed hard
against dwindling forest aupply, every
forest lire must bo paid for. Every
mile of spruce or pine or fir given to
annual bonfire will have to be bought
back by the next generation ln higher
roosts of lumber and papor, ln forfeited
f Industries, ln dwindling public roven-
1 ues, and a sacrifice of population,        ,
When Freedom   Is   Established
Man Will Be Judged by His
Deeds Alone
SPHERE is a slnhg saying "Money
talks," which may have been true
when the philosopher first thought it,
but it Is out of date to-day. Money
shouts, shrieks, howls, thunders and
lightens ln these delightful days of
modern life, iloney Is the world
standard by which we measure and
judge all things natural and artificial,
from the glorious biped we call man
down through the gnmut of life to the
mud crawlers. Thoro is no other.
The dollar standard Is supreme, and,
if the gentloman thoy call Mr. Satan
Is all that he is represented to be and
public opinion does not do him an
injustice, I should say he invented It;
and, with all-due respect to the smiling and promising politicians, class
him as the greatest psychologist that
ever has been or ever can be.
Recently a rich man died—a very
rich man. While he lived he was
alive as far as collecting the sacred
dollars wai concerned. In all else
he was dead. He was dead ln {ust,
In greed and selflBness and all the
putridities. When he died materially,
and his flesh was consigned to mother
earth to be purified in her chemical
factory, the press woke to life, like
thc politicians before an election,
and juicy articles filled the front
pages of the daily pnpers.
The dollar standard was requisitioned, and tho public was treated to
Impassioned accounts of his phenom
enal success. What the angelB did
when they read of that prodigious
success I cannot say. They must
have been past weeping. Probably
some of them hanged themselves.
It was enough to make them. Success! A big heap of dollar bills, tho
only result of his day of consciousness
in a cosmos of beauty, wonder and
mystery. Only tho genial gontlemnn
with tho horns nnd tall could fool
nny satisfaction with such a wanton,
wnstod hour of consciousness.
The saints of the world pass away
unnoticed for thoy are poor, nnd the
dollar stnndnrd and tho dollar press
do not recognize them. Thoy receive morely a few warm tears of
those they comforted while they wore
living. Perhaps thoso tears will sustain them on thoir long journey, if
It bo a long one, more substantially
than the insane ravings of tho dollar-
IzeTh press or the envious homngo of
nn lnsnne world.
This Is a material world, and it Js
difficult to realize the causes tlj^t lio
beyond the material curtain, and out
of the mystery of It all many curious
beliefs and theories have evolved.
We know nothing but a few facts nnd
we speculate and theorize.
Even science that deals with facts
alone has to resort to theorizing when
the facts puzzle her, and her theories
pass away and give place to others
as she marshals now facts In her
ever expanding knowledge. When
she comes to causes, which are not
effects, sho Is wisely silent for tho
real causes are beyond the present
mental stato of man to realize.
It Is when wo como to the world
of speculation that tho strange theories a'nd beliefs como Into! evidence
and their name Is legion. As an example, thero are mony who assert
that thore Is no such thing as matter
and seriously preach tho statement
in spito of the evidence of our
senses, A dollar hill to most of us
Is a very tangible thing indeed—for
(Continued on page 2)
Canadian Labor Party in B. 0.
Makes an Excellent
[By T. A. Barnard, Nanaimo]
The writer believes that if labor
forces are to make any appreciable
showing at the polls they must abandon the idea that elections can be won
by two or three weeks campaigning.
The time to start preparing for the
next election is Immediately after the
laet, which, in the present case, means
All things considered, with the Canadian Labor party, a mere infant In
B.C., the labor candidates made an excellent showing. With the liberal
party in a minority in the house,
another election may not be far distant. If the active spirits in the labor movement bolieve it worth while
to attempt to capture the reigns of
government here, then lot's go after
it in a business like way,
I had a little experience during the
last campaign, both 0:1 the northern
end of Vancouver island and central
British Columbia, In both places
there can be found latent desires for
an organized political movement. To
attempt to carry many of tho scattered cons^ltutlences in B. C. without
previous preparation Is practically
useless. Discrimination is rampant;
by organized effort this could be partly
overcome. One ense will Illustrate
how discrimination works. We had a
meeting at Kelowna, an old-time socinlist took the chair, who was an employee of tho city. The next day he
wns informed his services as a city
omployee were dispensed with, and he
Is now out of a job. (It's a good Job
we won the war. and enjoy the freedom Incidental thereto)., Another
matter should be dealt with, namely,
the labor papers. Attempt Is now
being made to run two labor papers
ln Vancouver to the detriment of each
other. '"Why not center our efforts
on one and make it worth while?"
Liberal Government Sustained at
' Polls by Electors After
Heated Fight       .
Hundreds Destitute In Northern
Edmonton, Alta.—Emplqyment conditions in Northern Alberta are decidedly poor. The various employment agencies report that few if any
Jobs are available, and hundreds of
men are walking the streets of this
city unable to secure a master. Many
of them are recent immigrants from
Europe and are in a destitute condition. Hundreds of minors are also
seeking jobs until such time as the
mines ro-open. It is doubtful lf employment conditions have ever been
worso at this time of the year. The
stories in the plute press of plenty of
work In this section of the country are
nothing less than "open shop" propaganda. The farm operations are in
full swing and the farmers can absorb no more labor until harvest-
time.—Toronto Worker.
S. h, P. Nominees
Thc socialist-labor party    of
United States has anounced its standard bearers for tlio. coming presidential olection. They aro Frank T.
Johns of Portland, Ore., for president, and Verne I_ Reynolds of Baltimore. Md., for vice-president. Tho
nominations were recently made
unanimous at New York.
Our trade ls improving; our unemployed is diminishing; our relations
at homo nnd abroad are better, and
havo a government which will
undertake any scheme that means
efficiency or adding to the wealth of
tho nation, however big or however
small.—Tom Shaw, M. P.
Our advertisers make it possiblo for
us to  spread  the gospel  of Labor.
Show your appreciation by patronizing them on every possible occasion.
We havo been talking about pensions of 25s. for the blind. I am look*
Ing forward to tho time when there
will bo no 25s„ but when any man,
agricultural laborer, or anyone else,
will have sufficient to live upon do-
cently for the services that ho gives.
—Charles Edwards, M.P.
Mr. Asquith has admitted that under capitalism you cannoi get rid of
unomploymont. Tho labor alternative Is tho destruction—a long process
of the present system of production,
distribution and exchango. — Tom
Dickson, M.P.
Official Results Not Known Till
After Absentee Votes Are
Counted July 12
FOLLOWING are full available re-
turns up to Thursday noon of
th'e B. C. provincial general elections held previous Friday. These
results, however are subject to the
count of absentee ballots about the
middle of July. Thus some of the
close constitute'neies may be affected.
Liberals   al
Conservatives   17
Labor    8
Provincial     t
Independent Liberals     2
Independent   1
Farris,  J.  W.  de  B  8202
Mackenzie, Capt. Ian  9188
McRae, Chris   9662
Odium,   Brlg.-General  V.  W  9768
Smith,  Mrs.  M.  E .*.  8938
Woodward, chas.  11098
Elected—Mackenzie,   McRae,    Odium and Woodward.
Bowser, K.C, W. 3  7765
Howe,  S.  L  7288
Kirk, T. H  7762
Maltland, R. L  8376
Roe,  P.  D.  .:  714!)
Scott,   Mrs.  S.   D  7300
Cottrell, W.  H  6262
Dunn, Wm  6639
Mclnnes, Angus   5801
Morrison,  E.  H  6789
Smith, Miss Priscilla   5990
Harrington, .7.   (Socialist)  3079
Creery, A. McC   9114
Hall, Mrs. J. Z  8763
McRae, Maj.-Gen. A. D  9000
McTaggart, D.  E.  ...-.  8973
Rounsefell, F. W  8482
Showier, Birt  7426
Elected—Creery and McRae.
Pelton, G. C. (Ind. Lib.)   878
Cassidy, Robt (Ind. Con.)   260
McEvoy, Henry (Ind.)   750
It. J. Burde. Ind. Liberal, 783
C. A MacNaughton, Prov., 667.
J. C. Johnstone, Con., 314.
Six polls to hear from.   Burde considered elected.
II. F. Kergin, Lib., 380.
R. Armour, Prov., 335.
E. J. Conway, Con., 294.
Kergin elected.
Frank Browne, Lnbor, 1523.
Hugh M. Fraser, Lib., 1264.
A. K. MacLean, Pro-(., 1090.
T. Sanderson, Con., 943.
Browne elected.
D. A. Stoddart, Prov., 347.
J. A. Fraser, Con., 300.
J. M. Yorston, Lib., 290.
Stoddart elocted.
Hon. E. D. Barrow. Lib., 1305.
3. A. MacLeod, Prov., 1283.
J. J.* McPhee, Con., 1026.
Barrow elected.
•T. A. Bnckliam, Lib., 590
A. M. Chlsholme, Con., 296.
J. S. Johnston, Prov., 187.
Buckham elected.
Paul Harrison, Ind. Lib., 687.
W. Duncan, Con., 235.
G. Every Clayton, Prov., 209.
Returns incomplete.   Harrison con
ceded election.
C. F. Davie, Con*. 1159.
S. Guthrie, LnUor, 1092.
K. F. Duncan, Prov., 779.
W. W. Walkem, Lib., 656.
Davie elocted.
N. A. Wnllingcr, Con.; 1322.
John Taylor, Lib., 1046.
Wallinger elected*
Prod Lister. Con., 7110.
John Xorcross, Lib., 466.
Mrs. Garland Foster, Prov., 374.
Lister elected.
A. D. Patterson, Lib., 1500.
Col. A. W. McLelan, Con., 1170.
E. L. Berry,  Prov., 390.
Wm. Hugh, Ind., 00.
Paterson elected.
3. A. Calhcrwood, Con., 1152.
Maxwell Smith, Lib., 1095.
H. R. Smith, Prov., 860.
Catherv.'f.od elected.     ,
R. 11. Pooley, Con*. 1250.
F. Carlow. Lib., 570.
R. P. Matheson, Prov., 486.
A. Lockloy. Ind. Con., 325.
Pooley elected.
T. Uphill, Labor, 900.
Dr. S-Bonnoll, Con., 790.
James McLean, Prov,, 696,
Uphill elected.
I*. T. Burden, Con., 002.
H. G. Perry, Lib., 899.
J. A. Shearer, Prov., 184.
One poll to hear from.
John McKlc. Con., 093.
E. C. Hennlger, Lib., 597.
C. A. S. Alwnort, Prov., 302.
McKlo elected.
Col. Cy Peck, Con,, .158.
Dr. J. W. Mcintosh. Prov., 633.
M. B. Jackson, Lib.. 505.
Peck considered electod,
.1. R. Colley, Lib., 1005,
Labor Member-elect for Burnaby to
B. C. Legislature
Letter Read in Court Concerning
Workmen's Compensation
Board Affairs
A cane that ls attracting no small
attention of the workers and citizens
generally fs now before our courts.
It Is the case of libel which has been
instituted by Dr. P. McLennan against
Dr. F. C. McTavish, both of this city
A copy of the letter, which was written
by Dr. McTavish, and which was read
in court as evidence, is reproduced be
"E. S. Winn, Esq., Workmen's Co.i*.-
penBation Board, Vancouver, B.C.
"Dear Sir,—Re J. McWilliam: I beg
to acknowledge receipt of your letter
of the 18th instant and note the find"
ings of your board upon the above-
named case. I want to inform you
that I am not at all satisfied with it
and that you cannot so lightly dismiss
It with a wave of the hand.
"According to your own words, Dr.
P. A. McLennan was to all intents and
purposes my Judge. He is my competitor, and, besides, I am one of that
rather large number of his confreres
to whom be doea not deign to speak
The findings of your board under these
circumstances was a foregone conclusion,
"Under the most favorable circum
stances, Dr. McLellanVmost enthusiastic friend would hardly claim for
him a Judicial mind and nature. What
possible chance would there be for him
to render a just decision in a matter
concerning a competitor? For him
to sft in judgment upon me Is not
British fair-play, and I do not think
you can get away with It.
I should like to havo the opportunity of submitting this case with
respect to my diagnosis, treatment and
recommendations, to an outside disinterested and competent surgeon for
unbiased diefsion. On the other hand,
and for comparison, _ should like to
have submitted for the same surgeon's
opinion some of Dr. McLellan's work,
more especially the large number of
open reduction of fractures, for which
Incidentally you pay a double fee.
Unfortunately, as yet, the victimized
workmen do not know how frequently
this practice fs resorted to as compared with other centres. I should
like to know if anyone on your board
checks thts up and vetoes lt. This
Is the man who ls my Judge.
"Be'cause of the advice given and the
judgment rendered I have lost this
case. I havo pointed out to you also
of another source of work lost. How
soon may I expect to lose again?
"It seems to me that this case
should point out to you and your
board one obvlouB lesson, and, that Is,
that no ono engaged ln active practice
nl this province should In any way be
made or pormltted to sit fn Judgment
upon his fellow-practlonors; hut that
you should havo sitting on the board,
and ono of tho board, a well-trained
experienced, competent and fair-minded surgeon who Ib not engaged I"
practice, and who will honestly and
efficiently guide you in all mutters of
professional nature. Ho would be
ablo to give valuable assistance to tho
workmen. He would give helpful advice to tlio doctors In general, so lhat
you would not have to place tills work
In tbe hands of a. few as you once
told me you wore contemplating doing.
Besides, he would decide, In a manner
satisfactory to ail concerned, any disputo of this naturo.
"Furthermore, this would do away
wilh tho possibility of any surgeon
putting into minen positions those
young doctors who will do his bidding,"
TT IS DOUBTFUL if, in any strike, the fetrikera have had as mueh
sympathy from the publie as had the postal employees upon the
occasion of their recent strike. Thc result, unfortunately for the
men, was not very satisfactory in spite of the sympathy. Apparently
there is another feature in the strike besides that. A strong and
efficient operating organizing ie absolutely essential for men under
such conditions. When members of the government sec fit to go as
far as did the present ministetr of labor at Ottawa, if reports are
correct, when he said that the men who go out will have to stay out
until "hell freezes over, in spite of public opinion being favorable
to the men,- it is time that men, who hold a somewhat different view
of life than does that gentleman, occupy the seat of authority.
Onee again we are brought'face to face with the necessity of
proper representation for labor at Ottawa. The two men who are
there today are doi»g a noble service to those they serve. Labor is'
singularly fortunate in having such men down there as Mr. Irvine
and Mr. Woodsworth to look after their interests. It must be obvious, however, that they are sadly in need of reinforcements. It is,
(therefore, our obvious duty to organize for the coming dominion
elections, and see to it, that those men are not again left alone in
their fight for the good of mankind as against the good of the privileged few. The recent showing in the provincial-election has heen
such as to give renewed courage and vigor to "carry on" in the
good work.
•      •      •      •
The Vancouver Star says: ". . . . The whole dominion should be
a chorus in demand of righteous treatment for one of its most faithful and efficient body of civil servants. If it is the civil service commission that is responsible for existing conditions, the civil service
commission should be abolished.
Proportional Elections Tried in
Italy, Qermany, Ireland and
A. R. MolRhan, Con., !
W. F. Palmor, Prov.,
Colley elected.
N. Lcary, Lib,, (180,
J. .1. Threlltold. Prov.,
W, K.  Marshall, Con.,
Qeorge .Stirling, Lalior, 257.
Leary elected.
A. E. Munn, I Ah..   _!>».
Dr. N. .I. Paul, Prov., 380.
K, J. Bobinson, Con., 309.
Not complete.        Munn considered
M. Manson, Con,, 529,
D. fl. McKay, Lib., 466.
C. H. Leicester, Prov., 185.
Manson considered elected,
Hon. Wlllnm Slonn, Lib., lAilo.
VV. A. Prltchard, Labor, 1020.
R  A.  BUSby,  Con.,  616,
A.  M.  Whiteside,  Prov.,  122,
SlOtin elected.
Kenneth < ninpltel. Lth., HiMi.
C. V.  McHnrdy, Con., 064,
Qeorge Turner, Prov., 441.
Campbell elected.
Dr, E. .1, Kol hu ell. Lib., |fto».
Dr. A. M. Sandford. Con., 1262.
{Continued on pnge 4)
Scheme Challenged as Being Impracticable— Facism Partly
Dne to It
(Christian Science Monitor]
TN recent years a large and Increas-
* ing body of opinion In all western
countries haB been interested in the
problem of how the mechanism of
democracy can be improved. In the
United States experiments have been
made with the initiative, referendum
and recall, with the direct election
of senators, and with the commission
system of city administration. In
Europe and in other lands nndei- the
parliamentary system of government,
Interest has centered rather on the
Idea of proportional representation.
Tho central Idea in the scheme of
P.R., ns It Is usually called, is that
the ordinary system of democratic
election, whereby a singlo member
is elected In ench electoral district,
produces an incorrect result. Where
there arc two parties contending it
gives to the victorious side an excessive majority. Where there are more
than two parties It often results in
the return or candidates elected on
a minority vote. And so the ndvo-
cates of proportional representation
recommend the adoption of the system of the transferable vote In large
constituencies electing five or more
Cundidntcs, so that those who command the greatest measure of support certainly get elected, but minorities socure representation as well.
At flrst sight there does not seem
to be any answer to the arguments
so advanced. But recently both
theory ond experience are beginning
to go agninst the Idea. In the first;
placo the basic theory upon which
P.B. is grounded has been challenged,
the purpose of a general election to produce an assembly whirl) is
u exnet reflex of all the currents nl'
opinion in the community at the
moment? Or In It to obtain tho decision of the people as to whieh parly
ond which policy It prefers and to
return an adequate working majority
to enable it tn govern nud to carry
through ils programme? Manifestly the most Important result Is the
second, and It will not holp anybody
in achieve the flrst at thc price of
losing  the  second.
But experience Is nlso against the
iden. Proportional election has been
tried in Italy, In Germnny, Jn Ireland, and ln a modified form jn
Frnnce. And nlmost universally the
verdict hns been unfavorable. It hns
either resulted In the return of a
multitude of parties none of them
strong enough to undertake the responsibility for governmont, which has,
therefore, to be conducted by nn immoral process of logrolling. Or It so
ovorroprosentH the minorities thnt no
clenr nntionnl verdict ean bo seen at
all. Fnelsm Is partly tho result of
proporllonal representation which
made It Impossible for Italy to secure
that strong government whieh wns
necessnry nfter the war. Slgnnr
Mussolini hns now Inverted the Idea
of P. It. by an eloctornt law providing
that the largest single party shnll
nrtlflelnlly be given a majority of tho
seats, precisely to obviate further
group paralysis In the chamber. Ulster Is abolishing tho system. And
tho recent eloction In Germany hns
relumed such a variety of minorities
thnt It Is doubtful whether the German peoplo, through Its chamber,
can.give any derided answer on the
question   of   the   Dawes   report".
The truth Is that tho    degree    to
which   popular    Intervention    in   the
(Continued on page 3)
Affecting Qreat War Veterans-
One Hundred Thousand
Leave Dominion
Two Million Canadian-born Now
Reside in United
T3ELOW aro some facts   Issued   by
the Great Wnr Veterans'  Association of Canada whose headquarters are at Ottawa:
"One hunfired thousand Canadian
ex-service men have bcen forced out
of Canada to seek their bread and
buttor in the United States." Thus
Is fulfilled tho propfiecy, that the
groat war would make the world safo
for domocracy and fit for heroes to
dwell in. Naturo haw made Canada
a land where vast areas are indeed
fit for heroes and others, but man
hns exploited these riches for the
benefit of a fow, while those Who
actually produce the wealth from the
natural resources nnd those who risked their lives in wnr enjoy—merely
the liberty to starve. It behoves the
workers of all- countries to consider
well what they arc nbout before they
risk life and limb and the happiness
of their dependents In a so-called
righteous war. Wnr is never righteous; murder on such a wholesale
scale can never he justified."
We are further told that "a quarter
of a million people of all classes deserted Canada for the Unltod States
Inst year. Two million Canadian-
horn -now reside In the United Stntes
and ln this number sixty-live per
■cut of the males have applied for
American citizenship papers." From
' ch it would seem ihut the exploiters of tho United States nnd the American captains of Industry are more
(Continued on page 3)
British   and   Belgium   Societies
Going Ahead—Leaving Private
Concerns Behind
Two of the greatest European cooperative Insurance noddles are going
ahead at such strides they are leaving ordinary private Insurance concerns far behind.
The co-operative insurance department of tho British Co-operative
Wholesale society, which wan former*
ly an Independent society, has inoreas-
ed Its totnl premium income from
£224,153 In 1913 to £2,051,846 In 1923
—nn Increaso of more than 800 per
cent. During tho same poriod the assets havo Increneed from £517,744 to
more than £3,000,000. Industrial policies show the largest growth, with ordinary life Insuranco policies coming
second. Insurance from flre policies
increased 400 per cent nnd personal
accident insurance 600 per cent. In
1913 only 208 employees were needed
to carry on this business; In 1923 more
than 2,600 were on the co-operative's
Belgium's co-operative insuranco
society, Ln Prevoynnce Soclalc, which
is equally famous as ono of the loading workers' societies, Is steadily
climbing towards the goal It set for
Itself—"to Insure the lives of all the
workers In the kingdom." In Its 1923
report the organisation reports 65,295
new lite Insurance policies taken out
during the year. With this nddltlon,
representing a sum of 46,929,372
francs, the society now Insures tho
lives of moi,. thnn 200,000 heads of
households. Fire insurance, nnother
branch of the co-operatlvo work, also
showed Increases, the receipts going
from 1,086.779 to 1,454,820 francs
during 1023, PAGE TWO
sixteenth year. No. 26 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b.c.
FRIDAY June 27, 1924
Published every Friday by
The   British   Columbia   Federatlonist
Business and Editorial Office, 1129 Hows St.
Tho policy of Tho It.  G. Foderationist Ih
controlled by tho editorial hoard of tho Federated Labor l'arty of British Columbia.
Subscription Rate: Unitod Statos and Foreign, $8.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per
year, fl.SO for six months; to UnionB-subscribing in a body, 16c por member per
further, and a more humane one will
havo lo be introduced, regardless of
how we may view that prospect now.
FRIDAY June 27, 1924
DURING the fow days that have
elapsed since tho eloction, thero
have boen somo very amusing attempts on the part of the government organs to court favor with
Wo might assure them at the outset that all such offorts will be futile.
Labor has nothing whatover in common with any of the old parties and
will never, on any account, affiliate
With" any one of them. Until such a
time as Labor controls the political
situation, she will viow each and
every Question which comes beforc
the house, in its relation to the best
interests of humun kind, and govern
herself accordingly.
Liberals and lories alike have accomplished little or nothing in the
interest of the masses, save that
which has beon forced upon them,
ofttimes much against their will.
Labor does not feel duty bound to
support those parties on that account.
Doubtless, ere one session has
passed, these same parties will be
forcod to show their hand, on matters
dealing with humane legislation.
Tho only way by which any of the
parties can over hope to gain the
assistance, of Labor will be to bring
in legislation that is really genuine
and of such a nature as to merit the
support of every right thinking man
and woman. The day for "make-believe" is past.
Labor and the Poets
Dollar Standard
(Continued from page 1)
NOW that tho "fireworks" is over
and the smoke is clearing away,
wo are again able to see things in
their true light, There are remaining, howover, a fow smouldering embers which wo hope will soon bo gone.
Things have beon said and done during thc past election that certainly do
not reflect credit upon thoso responsible for the tactics of the old line
parties. Tho manner In which they
endeavored to blacken the personal
charactor of each othor'B candidates
was a most lamentable* feature and
ono, we feel sure, which Is resented
by the moro respectable members of
our society. They hnve so blackened
the characters of thoso who have heen
chosen to represont us that we are
almost forced to look upon them with
rude suspicion, even bofore they have
assumed their position of trust. If
they were all that thoy wero reported
to be on the day previous to the election we are afraid that they have not
changed much since, either for better
or for worse.
When are we going to learn that
principles, not personalities, are the
only real Issues before the electors on
such occasions as these. Surely we
have had enough of such tactics exhibited during the past election to
last us for the rest of our natural
To see that every man, woman and
child ln this .province enjoys their
natural heritage—the right to live in
comfort, peace and happiness so long
as they are willing to-contribute their
Just share to society—is the problem
that should concern each and every
party at all times, whether before,
during or after elections. During the
paat election, the Lahor party alone
considered this Issue of paramount
importance. For that very reason, if
for no other, the future of the Labor
political movement Is an assured
• ROBERT BURNS—Continued
[By Frances Wills]
T AST week a short account of the
life of Burns was given and
some of his ideas on the subject of
freedom and democracy were quoted.
It was pointed out that the poet was
part of a great movement which
swept away the prevailing prejudice,
superstition and ignorance. It is
well nigh impossible for us nowadays
to realize the extent to wliich an in
dividual and his family wore controlled by the ecclesiastical authorities of various denominations, and
Scotland wais no exception. Burns
does not seem to have objected t6 tho
authority so much as tlie hypocrisy
which accompanied it, and he hated
hypocrisy nnd cant above alt things.
Many of his poems are satires directed
against the class most noted for this
vice. He notes how
.... Poor religious pride
In all the  pomp ol" mothod and  of
When  men   display  to  congregations
Devotion'*?   every   grace,   Except  the
In "The Holy Fair," we have
Burns in his ablest satirical vein, describing scenes which had become
nothing short of scandalous, and the
hypocrisy of churchmen which was
equally detestable. "Holy Willie's
Prayer" is typical of their attitude.
"O Thou, wha' in the Heavens doth
dwell, Wha' . . . sends ane to heaven
and ten to hell, a* for thy glory. . .
Confound theft-stubborn face and blast
their name who bring Thy elders to
disgrace and public shame. . . . But
Lord, remember me and mine wi'
mercies temporal and divine, that I
for gear and grace may shine excelled
by nane. , . ," Perhaps "The Address
to the Unco Good" makes the wildest
appeal. From Solomon he quotes his
TOURING the election campaign
much was made out of the danger
of no one party having power tc
carry on the business af the province
as thoy might decide.
It Is iiiip.ixii.nl from the results attained that the people as a whole
are not alarmed ovor such a prospect.
They have expoiManced, for years
past, govornmont by a single party
and they, apparantly, have decided
that no form of government could
give   more   unsatisfactory  results.
Government In the past ha« been
purely a little game played by a few
politicians who havo shown little or
no regard for the welfare of those
they serve.
Tho time has oome when tho men
and women of our provinoe are going
to demand of thetr representatives
the application of their Intelligence
to all matters before the house, and
that Ihey be guided in suoh matters
by a desire to serve the peoples' In
teresls rathor than their particular
party's interest, aa has been their
custom In the past.
We have no misgivings as to the
arduausness of their taak. Our system
of production for proflt rathor than
for use—a system that puts dollars
and cents upon a higher plane than
human life itself—Is one that Willi
require the best efforts on the part1
of onr ablest men to regulate, Even
then, we are certain in our own
minds the system will e vet un ally
provo  itself to  be  unworkable anyi
My son, these maxims  make a rule.
And lump them aye theglther;
The rigid righteous is a fool,
The rigid wise anither,
And he concludes:
Thon gently scan your brother man,
Still gentler sister woman;
Tho Ihey may gang a  kennin' wrang,
To step aside  is human.
One point must still be greatly dark,
Tiie moving Why they do it; '
And just as lamely can yc mark
How far perhaps they rue it. . . .
What's dono we partly may compute,
But know  not what's resisted.
Anyone conversant with the social
conditions and economic history of
Scotland in the latter half of what
Carlyle calls the "withered, unbelieving, second-hand eighteen century,"
can enter into the poet's spirited denunciation of the landed gentry and
their Inhumanity to the "rebel generation." His "Address to Beelzebub,"
which flrst appeared in the Scot's
Magazine, is prefaced by a note in
which reference is made lo one Mackenzie of Applecross who exercised a
feudal claim over the labor of his
tenants, and only relinquished that
claim on the determination of Ave
hundred Highlanders to attempt to
I mprove their lot by emigration.
He writes: "Five hundred Highlanders were sq audacious aa to attempt
an escape from their lawful lords
and masters, whose property they
were, by emigrating from the land
of Macdonald of Glengarry, to the
wilds of Canada, In search of that
fantastic thing, Liberty." One can
not. help a comparison of the state
of affairs in the eighteenth century
with the evictions in Scotland, and
the Immigration problem of the present day,
The grievances of the past ages
and of the presont generation are
voiced in that famous poem, "Man
Was i Made to Mourn," which poem
was composed on his witnessing the
hopeless misery of the unemployed,
for he could conceive of nothing
more mortifying than the spectacle
of a, man. seeking work. Whut would
he say to-day? He writes:
"The sun that overhangs yon  moots,
Oul-npiending   far  and   wide,
Whero  hundreds  labor to support
A haughty lordllng's pride;
I'vo seen yon weary winter sun
Twico  forty times  return
And ov'ry timo has added proofs
Thai. Man  was made  to  mourn. . . .
And man, ivhOBfl heav'h-erected face
The smiles of love adorn,
Man's inhumanity to mnn
Makes countless thousands mourn.
"See yonder poor, o'er labored wight.
Su abject mean and vile;
Who begs a brother of the oarth
To givo him leave to toil;
And   see  his  lordly   follow-woi'm
The poor petition spurn
Unmindful tho' a weeping wife
And   helpless offspring mourn.
"If I'm designed yon lordllng's slave—
By nature's law deslgn'd—■
Why was an independent wish
IQ'or planted in my mind ?
If not, why am I subject to
His cruelty and scorn?
Or why has man the will and pow'r
To  make  his  fellow   mourn? . .
There is no finer indictment against
the system under which we live than
in these lines.
No less forcible are his lines written
at a time of national thanksgiving
after a naval slaughter (and which,
by the way, were quoted at the erection of the marble block glorifying
war in Vancouver some little time
Ye hypocrites! are these your pranks?
To murder men, an' gle God thanks:
For shame! gi'o    o'er,    proceed    nt
God   won't  accept  your   thanks  for
Burns must have lived before his
time, for such paciflst Ideas Are evon
yet unwelcome. But Indeed his mess-
lias it not created tho dollar standard of moral and mental measurement the world over? A bunyan,
they tell me, fs a very tangible and
painful thing, and to be told that it
is merely a mental misconception,
must bo Irritating to the ordinary individual who is the victim of such a
Thousands of years ago the old
Hindu philosophers conceived the
Idea of a fundamental cause of all
existing things which they called "tat"
(our word that) beeause it was unknowable  and  undeflnable.
That logical idea is being worked
up to-day in several philosophies,
and spirit is the name they now apply
to it which also is unknowable and
undeflnable. But the human race,
being still In its childhood, cannot
get away from the desire for rewards I
in the shapo oi' after death rewards
in tho sunny nfsles of paradise, and
pre-death; rewards in the relief of
pain and disease. They point to certain cases of healing and exclaim,
"Lo! there is the proof," ignoring tho
fact of many failures; and It is the
latter which testify to the truth or
untruth of any such practice or belief.
If we could forget ourselves and
■ live in perfect harmony with this
"that" or spirit, then rewards, if there
be any, would fall normally to our
Iot, but by seeking any specific reward we destroy the chances of obtaining it—for do we not flnd among
the societies and sects that practice
healing, sickness and sorrow, pain
and death in the same proportion as
In all other societies?
The avalanche is upon us—the avalanche of recriminations, promises,
flatteries, self-lauding orations and
perfervid perorations; hurricanes of
mere words; typhoons of abuse; tornadoes of altruistic intentions; an exhibition of a race in its childhood
under a stimulant of excitement.
Party politicians are rushing "about
the land on trains, automobiles,
boats and airplanes. The printing
presses are growing hot; the party
funds are circulating and the little
dogs of tho parties are licking their
chops and watching the big mastiffs
hungrily. They are seeking our
votes and till the eruption Is over
and the seething lava of words settles down for a season, it Is comfort'
ing to realize that we are important
Items in a true and glorious democ
racy. Let us forget our orders-in
council, our secret treaties, and such
like, and enjoy to the full our little
season of fairy-land pleasures. They
will pass away, like our youth, all
too soon.
I turned up in my garden a grub,
an ordinary grub, the larva of some
beetle. As Its environment was disturbed by the earthquake causod by
my spado, it instantly, and automatically lay as if dead. It was feigning
death. Perhaps ita enemies prefer
a live diet or lying quite still might
render it less conspicuous ln Its exposed position. In nny case we must
suppose that this feigning of death
possesses some advantage In the way
of preservation.
I wondered If the primal cell,
from which trfls grub through the
ages has evolved, was endowed with
qualities which caused it to slowly
advance to Its present form and
habits, including this feigning of
death when unusually nerve shocked,
or did one of its remote ancestors
acquiring this habit by chance and
passing it on to its offspring, bestow
a little advantage to the species in
the way'of preservation? The first
suggestion implies active intelligence end free conception with a
vision piercing the ages to come.
The other suggests the mysterious
tendency to vary which is most notice
able in the less developed forms of
life,. In this case the variation
would occur in the conduct of the
organism and presents even a deeper
mystery than a  physical  variation.
When man has established his
freodom, and cast forever his chains
of ^slavery, and the dollar insanity
has suhsided, and the dollar atandard has been left behind in the nge
of barbarism, ho will endeavor to
wrest from nature her inner secrets;
and the things which mystify him'
now, in his delusion and his Ignorance, will be revealed oven to the
working of law; and he will enter
the world of causation os he is now
in   the  world   of effects,
Then will ho bo judged by his
deeds alone.
His possessions will count as
nothing, for they are nothing In the
great scheme of things, and the savagery which is in him will be left
behind as the grown man leaves
behind the primitive savagery of the
child and the human race shall attain
its maturity,
Is the World Becoming
More or Less Moral?
Universal Increase in Divorce
IN a recent article in "Current History,"
Nancy Schoonmakor gives
us some very interesting facts and
a great deal of food for thought.
Divorce is on the increase throughout the world and this fact can be
regarded (according to the shade of
the reader's orthodaxy) as evidence
of general deterioration or as a sign
that the present generation is attaining liner, higher ideas as to what
constitutes successful marriage. Surely the latter is the correct conclusion, for who can doubt that with increasing knowledge and higher ideals
lhe human race grows and gains.
And the question of marriage, is but
the question of one form of expression. . . .
In tho past, law and convention,
both civil and religious havo hedged
around matrimonial experiences;
both have failed to solvo tho question
of whether there should be divorco
or not, and on what grounds (if any)
it should be granted. Both utterly
neglect the fart that the human
race is composed of such a variety
of characters, tho products of auch
differing heredity and environment
that no law could fit every case. It
looks as though In lhe matter of
divorce we have come to a stage i
parallel to the transition stage be-1
tween the old and the new testa-;
ment morality; to the stage where'
outside influenco and coercion have
to be exchanged for a law from within. And indeed the interference of
an outside authority whether religious or civil is now regarded by
many as the height of presumption;
divorce—just ds matrimony—is the
concern of two individuals primarily.
As the law stands to-day In many
parts of the world it is obvious that
many thousands live in a matrimonial Hades; somo of these console
themselves with the Idea that they
are at least respectable, that they
are doing their duty. But ln the
light of higher morals than orthodox
religion or civil respectability, it Is
possible to regard these same people as totally immoral in this respect.
Of course one has to consider the
children;, but it Is questionable
whother they are better off living
with two adults who happen to be
their parents than with othors, The
influence of parents who cordially
hate each other; or whose regard is
only Hike-warm; or who belong to
the great army of incompatibles,-is!
appalling. Yet many parents who
otherwise, would seek divorce go on
enduring the miseries of matrimonial unhappiness because they fear to
inflict the stigma entailed by divorce
In respectable society on their children. But this stigma is infinitely preferable to the loveless unhappy ex-
children have to endure. But It is
possible for the parents to lead separate existences without depriving
children of all father and mother
More and more we are hearing he
socialistic state when as Bertrand
Russel would say: "Children are an
asset to the state; we must recognize
the fact that to produce children Js a
service to the community and ought
not to expose .parents to heavy pecuniary penalties." Neither the law
nor public opinion should concern
Itself with the relations of men and
women where children are concerned,
It is rather Interesting to consider
the divorce laws of the various
countries; in the States for example
the variety of laws ls almost Incredible. In many European countries
there is arising a new conception of
the question and a much saner atate
of affairs in consequence. The Scandinavian countries are the- most enlightened. (And the basis of ihe
new law ls the theory that divorce
should be granted when the two
people 'most concerned desire it. A
year's separation is necessary before
the decree is granted thus giving
ample time for reconsideration of
the appeal. When one party only
wishes divorce the law is not less
reasonable.    It recognizes    the    fact
that marriage is really only legal
when love Is lhe binding tie. It!
makes every provision fot* the weaker
members of the family—the mother
and children. It is noteworthy that
since the new law was passed, 80
per cent, of the divorces have been
secured by mutual consent.
In Germany, Austria and Soviet
Russia, the law take the same liberal
view of divorce. Mutual consent
is recognized as the most logical
ground, but careful provision is
made against au irresponsible atti
tude towards the women and children. In these countries, the. women
had the hardest time under the old
system; now they aro gaining equality with the men.
Whero these advanced theories
hold sway and where there are new
laws in accordance, there arc naturally more divorces. Facts, have
shown us very clearly that the world
must have divorces; it is- hard to
imagine, a wolrld without divorces,
but to quote the words of a great
Scandinavian, "Let us secure them
decently and wilh the least possible
amount of fraud and Injury to those
involved, the family In which the
event takes place and the larger
family, society."
Denmark's Socialist
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Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
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Dimity Blouses
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Four Very Attractive and Practical
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Phone Seymonr 3540
It is reported that Denmark's new
socialist government has decided' to
proceed with a programme of immediate disarmament.
Theodor Staunlng, the socialist
prime minister of Denmark, writes as
follows to the New York New Leader:—
"With the aid of a press subsl
dised by capitalism, the various
peoples are hypnotised into believing
what they are desired to believe,
They are won over by national catchwords, by talk of the responsibilities
of tlieir own particular kind of cul
ture, by arguments on tho interests
of the nation, and by fine-sounding
promises of peace and freedom. But
when once the intoxication of wnr is
.over, and sober sense returns, it
obvious that In thc final casting up of
proflt und loss the capitalists aro the
only classes wliich hjaVe bemefitod
And new preparations arc at onco put
in hand for the next war, although
they aro thinly disguised under such
phrases as 'peace armament,' and
'safeguarding of national Interests.'
Thc working classes must be the
enemies of war. They havo not tho
same interests as those of the capitalists. The working classes are the
chief victims of thu preparations of
war, just as they aro the chief sufferers during and after war. All the
experiences of the present day go to
prove the truth of this. All preparations for war should therefore be
combated by all those who have no
economic interest in war preparations
and war. Much can be done in the
way of energetic propaganda. The
great mosses of the population—the
workers, manual and non-manual,
scientists and artists; the great bulk
of the small manufacturers and small
trades-people; farmers and craftsmen; all these, who are outside the
circle of the large capitalists, must be
taught to realize that war and the
preparations for war are useful adjuncts to world capitalism; serve
merely as a basis for the operations
of world capitalism, and that national
catchwords do not disguise the real
facts of-the case. They must learn
that the capitalist press is but a tool
In the hands of capital interests, and
that Labor alone Is Independent of
theso interests.
"If Labor desires to emancipate society from war and armaments, It
must not rely upon the ultimate victory of peace ideas and peace societies. It must weld itself into a firm
and indivisible whole and, nationally
and internationally, it must wage an
undying war against war and the capitalist system. It must strive to break
down the present order of society,
and to substitute for it other forms
which will consider and further the
Interests of the masses. To achieve
this end, Labor must exert its whole
strength to attain political influence.
This^ls the goal which must be kept
steadfastly before our eyes, but Labor must be prepared to fight for it
not merely nationally but also internationally."
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skirts - - ut $3.95, and a Universal
sweater to match nt same price, you huvo
your sporting attiro completo for less
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HAVE yon ever had a real drink
of Pare Apple Older daring tbe
last few years?
To meet the desires of many client*,
we hive Introduced recently * pure clear
sparkling Apple elder In pint bottles,
either pure sweet or governmont regulation 2% bird apple elder. These drinks
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Older Manufacturers
1965 Commercial Drive, Vancouver, S. 0.
010 623 Hastings Straet West
SUIT Co. Ltd.
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Brown Canvas Boots with leather soles and heels, for mon
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Whlttemore's Gilt-Edge Polish,
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Men's White Combination Underwear, Luxor brand. Saturday; a suit  95c
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Men's Work Shirts, blue or
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Hats, Boots and Shoes
Between 7th and 8th annuel
Phone. Fairmont 14
THE ordinary way to mensure distance
Is by miles. You think any plnco you
havo in mind is so many miles away. It
deems n long way off. Look nt it nnother
way. Mensuro tho distnnce by minutes.
Sny to yoursolf, "euch or such a place ls
so many minutes awny," menning, of
course, that If tho telephono Is used, dls*
tnnca docs not need to bo considered.
If you want to tnlk to a friend or dis*
cuss a business matter, no placo is vory
fnr nwny, Nut imTV that, but tho means
of en m nm mention is always right at hand.
Every tolephono is a long distance telophone. Besides, if you talk Jn tho oven*
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"Cascade" Beer stands up
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Great Scott
Yes, sho assured him that she was
passionately fond of literature.
"Then you muat have read Scott,"
he said.
"I think he's just delightful!'* she
"Isn't the Lady of the Lake exquisite?" he asked.
"Perfectly lovely!" was her ardent
reply.    I have read it a dozen times!
"And 'Marmlon' and 'Peverll of
the Peak'? I just dote on hoth of
them," she said.
"And 'Scott's Emulsion'?" he asked,
getting somewhat suspicious,
"I think," she said, "that It's the
best thing Scott ever wrote!"
If you have anything of interest
to Labor give lt to the Federationist.
It will   "gladly spread the news."
age was not for his age alone. We ln
ours can assist In the achievement
of and progress towards that time of
which he sings when—
Man to man, the world o'er
Shall brlthers be for a' that
—the test of the chemist
—the test of the food expert
—the test of the connoisseur
Insist on
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1129 HOWE ST.        VANCOUVER, B. C RIDAY June 27, 1924
sixteenth year. No. 26 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver. b.c.
British Columbia's
Greatest Industry Has
Helped To Build and Is
Now Further Developing a
Huge Trade With the World.
Raw Material Is Essential
to Keep, Foster and
Enlarge This Business.
• "In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
J If it Is in the best interests of tho
■orkers, The Federationist Is for it.
[not, it is against it.
Boost for
The Fed.
Vancouver Unions
MeeU leoond Mondiy la tha montk.    Pm-
int, J. R, White j aeoretary, R. H. Reel*
, P. 0. Box es.
•18 Pender St. Weit—Buiineu meeting*
ry Wedneiday ovening. A. Maolnnii,
innan; E. H. Morriion, •eo.-tnM.; Om,
Harriion, 1183 Parkor Strwt, Vancouver,
0., corresponding aeoretanr.
lar diatrict in Britlah Colombia deilrlni
irmition re securing ipeakera or tho for'
loa ol local branchei, kindly communicate
^ ProTinoial Seoretary J. Lyle Telford,
Blrki Bldg., Vancouver, B. 0. Tel*-
pe Seymonr 1882, or galmont 4888.
Becond Thuraday every month In Holdon
tiding. Prosldent, J. Brlghtwell; flnanclal
retary, H. A. Bowron, 029—'llth Avenue
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
1 of Amorica, Looal '194—Meetings flrst
J third Mondays in oach montb ln Holden
■ding. Prosldent, P. Willis; sscretary. A.
Office hours, 9 to 11 a.m- and 8 to 6
uioklayen or masons for boiler works,
or marble settera, phone Brieklayera1
811 Holden Building,
10   EMPLOYEES   UNION—Meets   first
nd third Fridays In each month, at 445
, isrds   Streot.    President,  David Cuthlll,
| 2 Albort Street; secre tary- treasurer, Oeo,
glaon, 1182 Parkor Street.
Stoam and Operating, Local 882—
i every Wednesday at 8 p.m., Room
1 Holdeu Bldg. President, Oharles Price;
Inoss agent and financial secretary, F, L,
ytt   recording aooretary, J. T. Venn,
"ION, Looal 146, A. F, of M.—Meets at
Hall, Homer Street, aecond Sunday.
I a.m.   President, Ernest 0. Miller, 991
J jn Street; secretary, Edward Jamieson,
Nelson Street; financial secretary, W. E,
lams, 991 Nelson Street; organiser, F.
cher, 991 Nelson Street.
|—Meeting nights, fint Tueiday and 3rd
Bay of each month at headquarters, 318
Uova Street West. President, D, allies*
c vice-president, John Johnson; secretary-
murer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Oor*
Jt Btreet West. Braneh agent's address:
Irge Faulkner, 576 Johnson Street, Vic*
>, B. 0.
loyeea, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meeti
^. Hall, Eighth and Klngaway, let and
Uondaya at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m. Pre*
(it, F. A. Hoover, 3400 Olarke Drive;
rding secretary, F. E. Grlffln, 447—«th
East.; treaaurer. A. V. Andre*; flnan-
secretary and butineii agent, W. H. Cot*
, lflfl—17th Ave. W. Office, oorner Prior
Main Streets,   Phone Fairmont 4SQ4Y
JION—MeoU at 091 Nelson Street, at 11
J on thi Tueiday preceding the 1st Bun*
tof the month. President, E. A. Jamie*
I Ml NeUon Bt.: Seeretary, 0. fl, Wll-
991 Nelion St; Business Agent, F.
, 991 Nelion St.
[oQRiPHIOAL UNION, No- 326—presl*
mt, R. P. Pettlpleoe; vlea*prealdent J.
Bryan; seoretary-treasurer, R. H. Nee*
j, P. 0. Box 08.   Meets laat Sunday of
J. month at 2 p.m. In Htldea Building, 10
Plftga Street last.
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. 0.
Austria v-
Vienna Housing Problem—The director of the Vienna municipal tenement office says that "on January 1,
1923, the flrst-class applicants (persons* urgently in need of living quartors) showed the number of 17,109;
while on April 1, 1924, in spite of the
fact that over 7,300 flats had been
allotted since January, 1923, the num
ber of such applicants had increased
to 23,450."
Unemployment'—During the month
of April, 1924, the number of unemployed in Denmark decreased from
49,954 to 26,577, which is 6,723 under the total as of April, 1923, and
48,423 under tho total of April, 1921.
Emigration in 1923.—The number
of German emigrants during the year
1923 totalled 115,416 the largest num
ber since the year 1892.
Industrial Trouble in Londonderry.
—AU municipal employees and work
ers In the pork-curing trade of Lon
donderry are on strike; and Increasing
industrial differences point to a prospective atrike of the linen workers,
which would shut down 42 factories
and affect 5,000 employees.
Now Zealand
Railway Strike Settled.—The strike
of New Zealand railway men waa of
short duration and has been settled
_ Unemployment.—Statistics     issued
by the public tabor bureau for May,
1924, show an encouraging decrease
in the number of unemployed persons, the May, 1924, total being 15,-
German Colonization.—It is reported that the minister of foreign affairs
has Instructed the Paraguayan consul-
general at Buenos Aires to expedite
the transportation of a group of German immigrants, who are equipped
to follow agricultural pursuits in Par
aguay; and that eventually, the eml
gratlon of German colonists to Para
guay will be encouraged.
Vehioular Traffic Suspended.—In
Oporto, the transportation of goods
arriving by rail and sea has boon
paralysed by the strike of chauffers,
coachmen, teamsters, and other vehicular workers.
The P. R. System
 (Continued from page 1)
work of government ls an advantage
varies with the Intelligence and cap
acity of the electorate itself. At one
end of the scale are those who believe that public opinion is always
wise. At the other are those who believe that government should be'in
the hands of experts. Clearly
neither of these extreme views ls
sound. The true theory of democracy is probably better expressed in
the old phrase "government witri the
consent of the governed" than Jn any
other. Mob rule is not government.
Expert ,rule Is not popular sovereignty. For success there have to
be both government and popular consent to that government Theorists
and idealists from time to time have
endeavored to flnd a better way,
sometimes limiting the power of the
people to interefer, sometimes trying
to confer upon the people the duties
which properly belong to their representatives. But experience seems
to show that the old rule was the
best, and that progress must como
not by altering machinery ao much
as by improving the character and
intelligence of the electorate which
uses lt.
TIION, No. 41S—Preaident, 8.D. Hae*
", eeeretary-treasuror, J, X. Campbell,
■- ""   Heeta lait Tkmday ol eaeh
Pass The Federation^ along to
your friends. Help it ln Its flght for
Organic Evolution
R.  S.   C,
[By Charles Hill-Tout,  F.
F. R. A. I., etc.]
(All Rights Reserved)
TN THIS ARTICLE, we are to take up
the study of the life-process as it is
manifested in the micro-organic world.
In Article IV. we were led to the
conclusion that no matter where life
came from it must have first appeared
here in its lowest and simplest forms,
and that these forms must have been
exceedingly minute.
It does not seem possible to escape
this conclusion. It is practically forced
upon us by the fact that in point Qf
numbers the micro-organiBms today-
constitute the larger 'portion of the
life-world. The air, the water and
particularly the soil teem with them.
They are everywhere, They are about
im, upon us and within ub ln incredible
numbers. But this is not all. We
have learned, too, that the higher
forms of life are absolutely dependent
upon some of these lower microscopic
forms for their well-being and very existence.
Here, then, at the very root of the
life-tree we And the strongest presumptive evidence of the truth of organic evolution; we see how closely
the life-forms are integrated and how
Interdependent they have become.
Let us, then, here enter this world
of primitive life-forms and see what
is going on there and what lesson the
activities of these minjite organisms
can teach us concerning the march
and upward progression of life.
It is in this world of microscopic
forms that some of the most amazing
miracles of life take place.
In this world the mysteries of sex
differentiation are first revealed to us.
Here we perceive the earliest division
of labor ln cell-clusters which makes
possible the organization of the higher
and more complex life-forms.
It Is In this arcanum of Nature that
the Mendellan "unit characters" are
segregated, assorted and recombined.
Hero the "dominant" and "recessive"
characters are organized and fixed.
In this secret workshop of Nature, the
marvel of mitosis, that splitting of the
chromatin in the nucleus of the life-
form, goes on. Here are found the
chromosomes, those mysterious chemical elements, that constitute the material basis of heredity.
In this laboratory of life we see the
life-forms propagate themselves by
fission or simple binary division, or ny
gemmation or budding, with Buch
celerity that hundreds of thousands
and even millions appear where
twenty-four hours before there was
but ono. ^^B
It is a region of perpetually-occurring marvels and we could not exhaust
its wonders If we discoursed upon
them for a week.
"We shall learn a Uttle about som*
of them as we proceed Jn our inquir:
We regard the cosmos as a marvel
of inter-locking mechanism where
mighty forces are nicely balanced and
work harmoniously together. Tho
contemplation of the structure and
planetary constitution of that unit of
matter we call the atom astounds us
and Its ceaseless, internal activity and
hidden forces move ub to wonder. The
mighty whirling nebulae and all the
shining hosts of heaven, that He unnumbered and unnumberable ln the
vaat Immensities of Interstellar space;
the ebb and flow of life as manifested
in the changing seasons; and a multitude of other marvellous things, all
arouse our interest and justly excite
our admiration. But all these marvels
of the larger world pale and sink Into
insignificance beside the astounding
things that for the most part go on
unseen in this world of micro-organisms.
Astounding as are the wonders of
the atom, they are as nothing to the
marvels of a life-germ.. Here in an
Infinitesimal speck of living substance
we call protoplasm or bioplasm, may
He hidden from our vision, sleeping
and quiescent, alL-the potentialities of
such a complex being as man at his
highest and best. In all the wide universe there is no marvel equal to the
marvel of the life-germ. It is tho
marvel of marvels; nnd he who contemplates itjn the right spirit gets
such a vision of the transcendent
power and wisdom displayed by the
Creative Principle that he Is led to
bow his head in awe and wonder,
We are accustomed to regard the
world of life as divided into two'great
divisions which we call the animal and
tho vegetable kingdoms. And while
this method of regarding life-forms Is
serviceable and convenient for classification and nature studies it is far from
being an Ideal one. For lt not only
carries with It the Idea of a definite
separation of forms into a botanical
and a zoological world, but alBo the
implication that life has always appeared, even from- the first, under
these two forms, and has 'been thus
divided into two separate, hard and
fast kingdoms.
This is altogether misleading^ for
one of the striking things we early
learn about the micro-organic world,
Is that no such hard and fast division
of life-forms obtains thore.
Indeed, biologists are disputing even
yet as to which of these two life-kingdoms certain of these minute life-
forms properly belong; so difficult ls it
to decide whether they are animals or
Because of thla difficulty and because of the undifferentiated character
of so many of these organisms, some
biologists have suggested the forming
of a third or subsidiary kingdom In
the life-world, which should include
all the Protozoa and Protophyta, to
wit, the earliest and simplest animal
and vegetable forms, as collectively
distinguished from the higher organ-
lame—the Metaxoa and the Metaphyta
-—thla new division to be known aa
'the kingdom of the Protista, the realm
of the very earliest organisms.
We can, however, avoid these divisions and strange terms by employing
a much simpler classification which
will answer our purpose much better.
Instead of dividing the life-forms into
three, or even two, separate life-kingdoms we can divide them more simply
on the lines of their structure.
By employing this method wo find
that they can all be placed In two simple classes or groups—one comprising
all single-celled organisms and the
other all many-celled forms.
This method does away also with
the artificial division we are inol.ned
to make between the microscopic and
the visible forms of life.
To the firBt of our two groups belong all these forms termed by biologists protoza and protophyta and to
the second all those called metazoa and
metaphyta. In this way we unite all
the life-forms in both divisions into
one inclusive life-realm, and thus get
a clearer outlook on life as it really is.
The distinctions we have made in
the life-world are purely artificial ones
and have no real existence In nature
itself; she recognizes none of them.
Life is an unbroken and continuous
stream whose flow has gone steadily
on since flrst it^ left its source, gathering force and volume as it has proceeded,
It is the same stream In the world
of microscopic life as in the world of
larger life. The only difference being
that as we retrace the course it has
taken It grows narrower as we approach Its source. But this is what
should happen if life began, as we
have seen it must have begun,, in some
tiny spore or germ.
Regarding the life-realm, then, as
consisting, as it'does, of two groups of
life-forms—unicellular on the one
hand and multicellular on the othor—
let us see what conclusions we are led
to form by the contemplation of life
from this point of view; and what
bearing it has upon the doctrine we
are examining.
If what has just been said concerning the oneness of life bo true, then a
closo relation should exist between
theso two groups of organisms; the
onc should lead insensibly into the
Is this what takes place? Is there
an intimate relation betweon the two
groups? Is one a continuation of tho
Here for once, at any rate, science
can be very positive and give a very
definite reply. Wo have no greater
certitude upon anything In the whole
realm of science than we have upon
this point. Nothing ls more certainly
known than that the fundamental unit
of life is the germ-cell; that every
multicellular organism starts out on
its career—whether it is to become a
simple flower or a mighty red-wood
tree, a lowly worm or that highest of
organic forms, a human being—as a
single cell, And that the only essential difference between the simple single-celled and the complex many-celled organisms ls that the former carry
on the functions of life singly and
alone, and the latter as a group or
congeries of Individual cells which
have all been derived from the one
original germ-cell; and have become
modified In their structure and function by reason of their union and associative relations ln the common
The little mouse, the gigantic elephant and we ourselves, together with
every other multicellular life-form, are
each and,all merely smaller or larger
cell-colonies or republics made up of a
greater or less number of Individual
cells which have become organized by
the life-processes into distinct kinds
groups, each having its own
specialized functions to perform.
Some are nerve cells for receiving and
carrying stimuli, some muscle-cells for
contract!bllity, some gland-cells for secretion and somo bone-colls for body
supports. But whatever their function or purpose they still remain cells
and carry on their individual life as
constituent parts of the whole. They
are born—each group of cells, as a
rule, propagating its .own kind—bo-
come mature, grow old, decay, die and
are cast out of tho organism, their
placo being taken by now ones,
If we lake very thin wllcos of lho
bones, muscles or nerves of tho body
of an animal or of ourselves, and stain
thom, as wo may, with different colors
so as to bo botter ablo to examlno tlieir
ultimate structure, wo find that all
thc tissues of tlie body, whether of
nerves or muscles, or bones or glands,
or whatovor it may be,- are made up of
countless numbers, that run into tho
billions, of separate yet interlaced and
Interdependent microscopic bodies.
These are our individual cell-units.
This union of Individual cells to
form compound multicellular bodies
is of two kinds. Onc, such as
have just described, whero
the union Is of a permanent
kind , and whero the whole
group or mass spring from one original germ-cell; which by subdivision of
itself, by fission or by budding, gives
rise to all the groups of specialized
cells that together make up the organism. Colonies or associations of
cells of this kind wo consider,
because of their permanent compound form and their closer union,
nre later in time than, and an evolutionary product of, the other moro
primary form. This othor consists
commonly of a group of cells of
all one kind where no differentiation
Into special classea and no division of
labor has yet taken place, but where
each retains Its own Individuality and
Independence to a greater or leas degree; and where the grouping into colonies haa not yet reached that perfect Integration and Interdependence
characteristic of the higher, multicellular organisms.
sure and confirm us in this assumption,
the" two kinds of colonies or cell-aggregations are linked together by an
intermediate group, where we may
perceive the earliest stages in cell differentiation and division of labor actually taking place before our eyes.
All degrees of association and union
are found In the earlier and
Intermediate colonial groups. In-'
deed we can here watch the stepa by
which the independent single-celled
organisms passed Into the many-celled
forms and became the closely-Integrated, complex organisms we find on the
earth today, and nothing can be more
Instructive than to do this. No one
who observes the progressive stages
by which the Individual cells are seen
to associate themselves together into
co-operative groups or colonies can
have any doubt about the truth of organic evolution. We will later trace
some of the more conspicuous of these
But let us flrst learn a Uttle
more about these "vital units" whoae
association makes possible the higher
complex forms of life/
The discovery of the cellular basis
of life, to wit, that every organic form,
no matter how complex or how large,
ls composed of groups or unions of
individual cells, was one of the greatest achievements of the last century.
In Importance ln biological studies
and in its illuminating power it stands
second only to Darwin's great generalization—the principle of organic evo-:
lution itaelf and forms one of its
strongest buttresses.
As can readily be, seen It links all
organic forms into one progressive
uniting the higher and more
complex with the lower and more simple; making one continuous, unbroken
and advancing chain of forma from
the humble alga plant to the stately
oak-tree, or from the lowly amoeba to
the highest human form.
We repeat again, no one can view
life with open mind and a desire for
the truth and observe this grand upward march of its organic forms and
remain unconvinced that "Creation"
was by "Evolution;" that the doctrine
of organic evolution is the most illuminating concept that has ever entered and enlightened the human understanding,
This is particularly brought out
when we view this progression of life-
forms in conjunction with the evolution of the embryo, in whose earliest
unfoldlrig, and development are recapitulated, as we shull later see, so
many of the crucial stops and stages
taken by tho early multicellular organisms in their passage from the simpler to the more complex forms; the
one process reinforcing and interpreting the other.
The typical vital or organic unit
which we call thc cell is in appearance
and character a structureless speck of
seemingly homogeneous protoplasm.
The highest power of our microscopes
reveals little more to us of the physical structure of this basis of life than
does the naked eye.
Its outstanding feature is Its collol
dal charactor. To the eye it is ordinarily colorless and moderately transparent; of a glairy or sticky semifluid
consistency resembling the white of an
egg; sometimes with and sometimes
without an inclosing membrane
containing wall, and of varying
microscopic  size.
Chemically considered it consists of
in extremely complex and unstable
combination of the elements carbon,
oxygen, nitrogen and hydrogen with
minor quantities of a few other substances.
We  have  reason,  however,  to believe that the apparent sameness   of
protoplasmic   substance   ls   due
Hudson's Bay
"Imperial Mixture"
"Canada's most famous Tobacco." A
full flavored pure
Virginia. The tobacco that appeals
to the smoker just a
little stronger than
any other.
1 lb. $2.75; % lb.
$1.40;   5ths,   60c;
lOths, 30c.
The "Hudsonia
de Luxe" Pipe
In dark briar, unmounted, also in light briar, silver-mounted; both styles have been specially
made for the Hudson's Bay Company, and are
guaranteed not to crack or burn. Come in all
shapes, with bent or straight stems; exceptional
value at the popular price of $2.00.
& Httdso^JapObrapatts. &
Problem of To-day
(Continued from pago 1)
most warmly-disputed subjects in the
whole realm of biology.
In addition to tho nucleus and
alongside of It, Is another separate
body called the "centrosome." This
appears to consist of a single minute
granulf lying in the cytoplasm, and
Is b"lic\ed to play an essential part
in the cell-division and multiplication of tht; typical cells.
It is the part of the cell which
ls concerned with that marvellous process we referred to a little while back
us "mitosis." This ' process involves
the splitling-up and division of the
nuclear chromatin between the parent
and daughter cells in cell-division or
(propagation. Later we shall observe
how this remarkable thing comes to
pass.' It is one of the most wonderful
processes in nature and is the more
wonderful because it takes placo in
a body of microscopic dimensions.
Here we will pause for the present
and continue our consideration of
these unitary bodies in tho next
(To be continued)
largely to our Inability to detect differentiation. All the unicellular organisms of which we have knowledge
today are relatively advanced forms
of life. They are not the earliest
forms. They must have been preceded by much simpler forms, simple as
they themselveB are when contrasted
with multicellular bodies. The life-
germ or cell of the very earliest organisms must have been wholly undifferentiated, those we now know being all
more or less differentiated. Wo are
justified hi this assumption by the
varying degree of differentiation we
perceive in tho lowliest life-forms.
Within the speck of protoplasm
forming the simplest of these cell-
units are scattered certain inlnutu
bodies or grnnules.
These play a very important part in
cell growth and evolution, especially
In the typical coIIh where these granular bodies have been colleetcd or aeg-
I'ognted into a nuclear1 eontre or dot,
which ls known as tbo nucleus. This
seems lo be tho most signlflcant part
of the whole cell-body, Its purpose
being to act as a Idnd of governing
or controlling centre.
We may look upon the presence of
this differentiated and segregated nuclear matter as constituting tho flrst
great step in organic evolution. For
have reason to believe that in the
lowest forniH of life tho properties
whfch in the typical cell now seem to
belong to the nucleus, were characteristic of the eel Nab balance as a whole.
This eell-substanee considered apart
from the granular matter within It
is technically known ub cytoplasm.
At any rate, In the simplest unicellular organisms tho differentiated
granular matter is not segregated into a centre, but remains distributed
irregularly throughout tho whole
In the higher cells, which we now
commonly regard as typical cells, the
nuclear substance Ib seon to be partly
liquid and partly grunular In character. To this latter, when considered
as u whole, the name "chromatin" haa
been given because it Is capable of being stained with coloring matter.
These colorable bodies aro the wonderful "chromosomes" that He at tho
base of and conatltute the material
agency b.v which our heritable qualities and characters are paaaed on from
one generation.to another.
We shall have occasion to return to
these again when we eome to the consideration of the transmission of Inherited or acquired characters—one of
A National Industry
Our Patriotic Wreckers
"Economy" is an old election cry.
It Is a standing appeal to any of the
old'pnrtles in opposition. The present Oliver governmont was no exception. The slogan "retrenchment and
reform" wns old before either the provincial party or its founder was born.
The voter gets many bouquets at
election time regarding his Intelligence, but those are but superficial
at times, and sometimes but little
credit Is accorded him on that scoro.
Por instance, economy is one of the
local conservative slogans—Economy,
I consider, may bo rightly used to
moan not only the waving of what we
already have but the prevention of
futuro loss.
How can the conservative pnrty
reconcile their policy at Ottawa with
their local appeal. Doth in fhe commons and the senate thoy have been
waging a campaign against the Canadian National railway and Kir Henry
Thornton, its manager, There ur
particular charges of graft. To tho
casual observer, it would aeem ihut
the maiuiKiT's principle crime Is that
he has not wrecked the, road. Tho
hope of those who nre organizing the
'present drive of Interference and irritation is that ho will quit and give
way to some one who will.
Of course it would be a hard blow
to the heavily taxed citizens of Canada!, Including B.C. But In the heart
of private enterprizo thore would be
joy, for to them state operation and
co-operation aro anathema and even
our little "Buzzer" would spill many
Jublllant gallons of Ink to prove that
public ownership won't work.
Incldently, Us great competitor, tho
Canadian Pacific railway would probably be offered a railway and rolling
stock at burgaln counter prlcea, so all's
well that ends well and let posterity
stow, G. A.
And, aa If to make assurance doubly 'tho mo,t bartlln* ftnd im now tn»
efllcient  at  their  business than the]
same class here.
"For every one hundrod men em-»
ployed In Cnnnda In January, 1920v
only eighty-eight ure employed today. Throughout this period therei
has been a constant shortage ol!
work for our available workers."-
This ls putting it mildly. Canada is,
therefore deteriorating.
Tho vast dominion of Canada,
whose total population ja less than!
that of tho city of London, England,
would soon be almost empty of people were It not for the immigration
policy which, however, lends only to
drlvo out Canadians. Under a decent
nystem, Cnnada would be able to re-«
tain her own native-born population
and absorb immigrants.
However, under the present wretched sta,te of affairs, "immigration Is
bringing newcomers to Canada at the
rate of twenty thousand per month,
who displace Canadians. Not foij
three years has immigration yleldetf
any net gain in population, but had
steadily lowered our standard of living and general morale." And stilt
the people support the government)
which spent enormous Bums of tho
people's money In purstdug this suicidal policy.
"Canada is slipping Into a bog of
unemployment threatening misery
even more acute than any of the past
four winters. . . . The prophets of!
blind optimism cannot any longer
conceal tho proHpect for the ex-servlcoi
(and any other) mon whose bread
and buttor is threatened!" And wo
would add that history shows all too
clearly the fate or returned men. In
the past, the comparatively small armies could hope for nothing savo
what they grabbed for themsolves; tbo
story of their deeds might Jive on for
yearn, but tho soldiers and their dependents wore all too soon forgotten
and millions must have perished miserably. ... in times of peace. How)
can We expect anything bolter when
we are ruled not In our'own interests
but In the llnterests of a few para-
Hi tes?
Only when the wealth of the world
Is produced for all and by all can vfa
hope to see Injustice righted and
wnnt abolished, And in thoBo duy.-t
there will be no need to provido for
ex-service men, for the world will
have found a better way of sell ling
disputes than by war.
TKNDEKtf Invited for supply ot material
and ernction of addition to Ktlsileno Illtfli
School, Ti-nlli Avenue m.*. Trafalgar Btreot.-
Teniler must bo mink on official forms which
will accompany all plnn-* and sjiccificAtlnn*.
obtainable from architect, School lluartj Of*
ticc, Hamilton nnd Danxinnir Streeta; on pnymont of $10 depoitit. Tomlom muat In- in
hand* of secretary not later than July 6th
at 12 noon.
Thp board will not necessarily accept tbo
lowest or any tender.
Secretary, Vancouver Hohool Board.
Your friends might be glad to sub*
scribe for The FederationiBt if you
askod thom.   Try,
Balloted ln two minutes with
Jo-To rellevei na paina, Mid atomaeh, hurt-
burn, aftnr-*tatfn*r alatresa, and aU forma of
Indication quickly, without harm.
AU Drag BtoiM
Freeh Cut Mowers, FuiVrnl Design* Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plant*
Ornamental and Shade Tree* Seed* Bulb* PlorMe' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd;
FLORISTS AKD NO____aiTl_-__l
« ItaMnta —nek En*        J—ffroRES-l        «M aipaottlla Straet
Bor. tM-iTi        -sat rr with flowers-        ser. mimmi PAGE FOUR
FRIDAY June 27, 1
Brighouse Park
Seven Races Daily
Rain or Shine
Grandstand Box Seats, single or
entire box, at rate of 50c por
seat per day, may be reserved
901 Standard Bank Building
For the June wedding Is undoubtedly the Phonola — the
phonograph that combines
faultless tone reproduction,.with
perfect mechanism and exquisite
in a variety of models and  »
finishes, trom
$85.00 to $375.00
On easy terms, without interest
Lewis Leads!  Follow Who Can!
Liberals and conservatives who control the industries of the country
know perfectly well that they could
reduce the number of the unemployed
by paying their workers decent wageB.
A large amount of unemployment resulted from the cutting of wages in the
different industries.—Campbell Stephen, M.P.   _
Intolerable Life of the Farmers
Forced Government to Take
This Step
Below are some extracts from various speeches made at Ottawa when
th6 governmont, according to the organ of United Farmers of Alberta was
forced to tuke steps to reduce the
'Agriculture to-day is in a deplorable condition largely owing to the
tariff, high freight rates and inadequate credit facilities. . . The natural
inheritance of the people has been
forfeited; we ilnd a very large part
of our natural resources In the hands
of outsiders."
The bankers by inflation and deflation can cause the rise and fall in
thc price of commodities, and thus
really levy a tax on the people, without the people having any idea how
seriously they are being taxed. , . .
Through the interlocking directorates, this control is centred in the
hands of a very small group.—(J. S.
Woodsworth, M.P. for Centre Winnipeg.
«.    .*     *
It ls difficult for the farmers out
ln the West to make any sort of living. They are unable to dig money
out of the ground fast enough to
pay for their farms and to meet their
other obligations.—D. W. Warner,
M. P. for Stratheona.
* »     *
There is an enormous increase ln
national lndebtnessi for which the
war has been largely responsible.
To eliminate future wars, a draft law
should be drawn up to provide for
the mobilization of weal*h of a country, thus taking tlie profit out of
war.—J. T. Shaw, M.P. for West Calgary.
• *     •
There Is nothing wrong with our
country: it can produce unequalled
crops, cattle and mining resources.
What is wrong is that I see my people th,ere digging in year after year
in a well nigh hopeless effort to
overcome tho handicaps placed upon
their Industry by the crass stupidity
and greed of their fellowmen. .
We want a policy that will keep the
farm ore here. As lt Is high priceB
and high interest rates that are destroying the people and driving them
from us. We must do something
more effective than just tickling the
tariff.—E, J. Garland, M. P. for Bow
R,   "Pat"  Maitland  tells  us trtatfthan    this    that    he    willingly    lay
down  his life for his  friends."
If you have an idea that you think
will benefit Labor, let us have it.
We'll spread ft.
After-Eating Distress
And all forms of stomach trouble, snob ns
khs pains, acid, sour, burning atomaeh are
nil relieved In two minutes by taking;
Jo-To sold by til Drugglata.
Apart from industrial and other
accidents, blindness ia, in a large
measure, a preventable disease, and
every effort should be made to elimln
ate preventable blindness.—Arthur
Greenwood, M.P.
Boost for our advertisers,
are helping boost for you.
A laborer who is In receipt of £2 a
week is paying taxation at the rate of
4s. in the £.—Pethick Lawrence, M.P,
We believe that the land, mines,
railways and the main roads should be
a national responsibility, and used for
tho wellfare and well-being of all the
other miscellaneous trades in the
country.—Miss Bondfleld, M.P.
Monday, June 30, is the last day for paying
taxes to avoid penalty addition.
W. A. SHEPPARD, Collector.
the third party was responsible
for "the liberal victory." He should
have said "for the conservative defeat," " We would be inclined to go
further and say that'in our opinion,
the close call both parties had, was
due to the political corruption within
their' ranks, and their utter disregard for things that really count.
The public intelligence is gradually
developing and Is beginning to understand the real motive behind the
activities of the old time politicians.
* * * .
The provisional agenda for the labor
confab to be-held in London, England,
in August, is such as to put our reactionary governments to shame.
Hero, at least," are some men and
women, who know what the real
problems are, that have to be faced.
The provisional agenda of the subjects for discussion includes the relations of parties and trade unions
within the British Commonwealth to
one another; inter-commonwealth relations, political and econoimc; the
maintenance of world peace; migration; racial questions, and industrial
conditions and legislation. The Jn-
ternatlonal Federation of Trades
Unions and the Labor and Socialist
International will each be invited to
send fraternal delegates.
* #     •
We cannot help but feel, that for
any of the defeated candidates—no
matter who they may be—to seek
offlce again, after having met defeat
at the polls, at this election, is an
Insult to the intelligence of the elect'
orate. It is a practice that cannot
be too soon discontinued. Ample
opportunity will be afforded them
upon the occasion of the next general
election, to prove the worth of the
policy they  advocated.
• *     •
The liberals advised the "plain
people" to call the bluff of the big
interests and stand by "Honest John."
But instead they called Honest John's
blufC in Victoria, You cannot fool
all the people all the time!
• *     *
Mr. Nixon wasn't, a bit convincing
in South Vancouver. That little Ved
hand bill about the Oriental problem—whoever may have gotten it
out—-with all its falsehoods, was
wonderful boost for Neelands. It
pays to stick to the truth.
• •     • -
The Methodist conference in Manitoba ls seeing the light. The glorification of war must end, they said,
The resolution they passed read: "We
cannot longer go to the Bible to find
Justification for war. The glorification
of war must end. We, therefore, call
upon teachers of Sunday schools and
all workers with our youth to lose
no opportunity to denounce war and
the was spirit." Still they come
following in  the footsteps  of Lti bor!
• .   *      *
It would appear as though that
littlo trip to England has cost "Our
Mary Ellen" her seat in the provincial house at Victorin. The next
jaunt she takes over there she will,
no doubt, go on a wiser mission-
You can fool a few people all the
time, of course, but it Is a trifle risky.
• *     *
It would appear to the man on
the street that the politicians put
the interests of themselves and their
party ahead of the interests of their
province. Judging from the past, we
are Inclined to agree with him. We
hope that the future will hold something different In store for us. Labor, however, must keep on working
as  well.
• •       e
We saw a most suggestive notice
posted up near Ladner the other
dayi It was put up by one of the
milk companies, It read "Please
keep clear of the water line." Don't
you think that is a trifle bold?
• *      •
They   say  that   our  Premier  lost,
white attempting to save others, and
We suppose this applies to Mr. Bowser. Let them remembor these few
words, they will be comforting at
least:   "Greater  Love  hath   no  man
We note with interest that Tom
Harnett haa resigned from the police
board. It Is to be hoped that the
appointment made now will be
trifle more in keeping with public
opinion than was the last. It does
seem an insult to the intelligence of
the citizens of Vancouver, however,
to think that the appointment of our
police commissioners cannot be trusted to their judgment, but has to be,
rather, something to be played with
by party politicians.
* *      *
Big mistake discovered in Beer
count! It always has been a hard
problem to keep in touch with accurately at any time, and certainly
much more so about election time.
It will be interesting to watch which
side the mistake will favor.
. *     *      *
Not satisfied to accept their defeat
as men, apparantely some candidates
at Burnaby are trying to discredit
our labor candidate over some imaginary "flag" ihcident. The intelligent members of that section of our
community will heartily resent the In-
suit which Is thus being thrown into
the face of Labor. Such tactics are
despicable to say the least.
* •      *
We wonder If the old parties
have their flnanclal statements
ready'to give to the public. We
know that the public is anxious
to learn from whence they got
all the money they did to post
their pictures about the city. Certainly we should like to know who
their personal admirers are at least
.   *     *     •
That absentee vote! No doubt
some of the candidates are living in
fear and trembling, Just wondering
if the "padlocks" will hold out
against any onslaughts that might be
made against them. When the vote
Is so close and the need so great for
reinforcements, on the part of some
of the parties, the temptation is a
trifle strong. Plugging has even
been alleged to have taken place, almost before our very eyes. If this
allegation is questioned we are sure
that one of our recently appointed
judges could enlighten the doubter.
We regret that it seems essential to
hnve to advise anyone to go to one
of our judges for such Information,
Capitalism Prevents Proper Application of Invention to
Aid Labor
When considering the claims of
capitalism, it is well to bear in mind
the dates at which mankind was provided with certain epoch-making inventions.
Iron was smelted with coal tor the
flrst time in 1750, 174 ears ago.
The power loom was invented in
178C, 138 years ago.
Watt took out his steam engine
patent in 17C9, 155 years ago.
Tho steam engine was first used In
the cotton industry as long ago as
17S5,  139 years ngo.
Volta discovered current electricity  In   1799,   125 years ago.
Hedley's "Puffing Billy" locomotive was constructed In 1813, 111
years ago.
The Stockton-Darlington railway
was opened in 1825, 99 years ago.
George Stevenson's ."Rocket" was
built in 1829, 95 years ago. -
Faraday discovered magneto electric induction in 1831, 93 years ago.
The steamship for the flrst time
crossed the Atlantic in 1838, 86 years
Many years have thus elapsed since
the great inventors got to work, and
since then their successors have furnished us with a host of marvellous
inventions for saving labor and producing wealth. Yet it is true to-day
as when John Stuart Mill wrote It
fifty years' ago that:
" "It is questionable if all the mechanical Inventions yet made have
lightened the day's toil of any human
Who Ib at fault? Clearly not the inventors, who have already solved
the- problem of poverty and made it
a crime.
What Is at fault is the capitalist
system, which prevents the full and
proper application of Invention to the
aid of labor, and which draws on*
altogether from productive work n
great host of officials and middlemen
who attenuate the stream of wealth
instead of adding to lt.
Capitalism has had a long run, and
lt has been chieffly successful in the
manufacture of poverty.—Sir, Leo
Chiozzn Money, in "Fifty Points About
The Federationist is out to help
the workers. Thero is no nobler
work. Join us in the fight. Get
your friends to subscribe.
THAT is, they did know—you have told them so in times
past—but do they all remember it? We all know that
Ivory Soap floats, and that Royal Baking Powder is absolutely pure, and that children cry for Castoria and the
kind of soap that makos a skin you like to touch, etc., etc.,
—and we're not going to forget about them for a minute,
because the manufacturers spend millions of dollars a
year telling us about them, day by day, and week by
week, and month by month. They take no chances on
being forgotten. How about your business ? Is'nt'it just
as important that you be kept in mind by the buying public—tho working men and the housewife—in your territory as it is to the national advertiser that his product
bc remembered? You can cover your trade territory
more easily, more cheaply in proportion, and more thoroughly than the national advertiser can cover the whole
country. But you've got to keep it up to get the results
that he gets. And you can't expect to advertise in flush
times and live on the memory of it when you're hard up.
The Official Organ of the Federated Labor Party
Publishing Office: 1129 Howe Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Phone Seymour 2132 for Advertising Ratea.
Some of the World's Oldest Thoughts
******     ******       ******     ******
Can Christianity Offer Better?
FT1HE teaching    of    Gautama,    thefmind  is  free from  motives of self-
Summer Excursions
Low Fares
Prairie Points
Eastern Canada
Central and Eastern States
Optional Routes—Stopovers—Side Trips
Vancouver—Prince Rupert—Jasper Park
~ A delightful rail nnil wnter trip
Tourist and Travel Bureau, 527 OranviUe Street
Canadian Najional Railways
Make    Presentation    to    Leon
Mercer Who Left That City
for Vancouver
Loon Mercer, secretary of tho Edmonton Printing TrcHsmen's union,
who leaves for Vancouver, where he
will lake a posftfon with the Vancouver Sun, was the recipient of a handsome travelling bag from the members of the presHmen'H organization
on  Friday night of last week.
Mr. Mercer hns been a resident of
Bdmonton for twelve years and has
beon connected with the pressmen's
union for the whole of that time.
Elmer Roper, in making the presentation on behalf of the membership,
commented upon tho fact that Mr.
Mercef had filled with credit to himself and honor to the organization,
every executive position in the union,
including that of president and secretary. Ho had been untiring ln his
work, and his removal from the city
would be keenly regretted by those
who have been associated with him.
The membership In Edmonton wished
him godspeed and success In his new
Mr. Mercer replied briefly, stating
that his work for the organization
had heen enjoyed and wns fully compensated by the numbor of staunch
friends he had made In tho printing
trado in Edmonton.
Mr. Mercer has been employed with
tho Journal for a number of years.
He taken with him the best wishes
of a host of friends In Edmonton.—
Alberta Labor Nows,
Buddha, who lived five or six
centuries before the birth of Christ,
is beyond all dispute the achievement
of one of the most penetrating intelligences the world has ever known.
But like every othor great message,
it has been terribly distorted by ardent but dishonest followers; and it
would be a matter of some difficulty
to recognize in the orthodox religion
now Known as Buddhism—a religion full of the supernatural, overgrown with legend, the teachings of
Gautama. It is as though the great
multitude of human beings cannot
grasp his ideas.
According to Buddha, all the miseries and discontents of life are
traceable to selfishness. Even socialists must accept this, fo£ w<
nearly all the victims of a system in
which self is the chief consideration,
And ns far as the individual is concerned, Buddhism teaches that three
things give rise to all our torment.
The first is, the strength of tho
senses; the second is the desire for
personal immortality, and the third
is the desire for personal prosperity.
Everyone will agree that the senses
lead us all wrong occasionally; but
few will agree to the other two
Ideas. Thousands of people console themselves for the miseries of
this life with hopes of a life hereafter; and a great many bribe themselves into being good with the reward in heaven, or frighten themselves Into a stato of fear of hell.
Instend of concentrating on this life
and seeking to better lt. To Buddha,
the dread of death and the greed for
an enlees continuation of one's mean
little life wero as mortal and ugly
aiid evil as avarice or hate. His
religion Is flatly opposed to any
"Immortality" religion, such ns took
hold of Egypt In its early days nnd
nearly ovory European nation since.
And ns for prosperity, the keynote
of Buddha's beliefs was similar to
thnt saying of Christ, which it is to
be fenred few regard, "Whosoever
would save his life, shall lose lt."
By whtch he simply means, when
the personal pronoun has vanished
from one's life, the highest wisdom
reached. For Nirvana does not
mean extinction as many are taught
to believe; It merely means the extinction of the- base personal aims
that make life mean or pitiful or
dreadful In this money-grubbing
nge. Man must lose himself ln something better and bigger than himself; "to forget oneself in greater
interests is to escape from a prison,
Buddha further would have
complete Insistence upon truth: superstition Is not truth, and as superstition he condemned the then prevalent bolief in the transmigration
of souls. He would not have us ob
literate al] natural desires, but these
must bo turned Into the right channels, such ns devotion to science or
art or the strife for freedom and
justice, provided always that these
desires spring from the love of the
art or science Itself or from motives
of service;  and  provided    thnt    the
Interest,  fame nnd reward.
In conclusion, it is noteworthy
that pure Buddhism differed from
any other religion in that it was a
religion of conduct and not n religion of observance and sacrifices; it
had at flrst no tomples and
order of priests.
Election Returns
(Continued from page 1)
R. C. Hlrelns, Labor, 678.
G. L. Casendy, Prov., 560.
Rothwell elected.
Dr. K. C. MacDonnlil, Ub., 1254.
R. J. Coltart, Prov.. 924.
A. T. Howe, Con., 816.
Price Ellison, Ind. Con,, 720.
_f_j_Donald elected.
G, S.  Hums Intl.,  113*.
R. P. Cruise, Prov., 1125.
J. M. Bryan, Lib., 1086.
W, S. Deacon, Con., 424.
Orcbnrd,  Labor,  62.
Hftnea elected.
Hon. A. M. Hanson. Lib., 503.
A. Shelford, Prov., 378.
S. Crocker, Con., 224.
Manson elected. *
Georgo A. Walkem, Prov., 2057.
Col. W. W. Poster, Con.. 2007.
H. P. McCraney, Lib., 1796.
Walkem elected. '
Hon. T. D. Pnttulo. Lib., 770.
S. M. Newton, Con., 657.
T. Ross-MacKay, Prov., 32
Pattullo elected.     Returnii Incomplete.
Hon. W. H. Sutherland, Lib., 9911.
A. W. Bell, Con., 538.
J. M. Humphrey, Prov., 167.
Sutherland elected.
J. H. .Siholii-lil. Con., 866.
J. Macdonald, Lib., 517.
J. A. Dingwall, Prov., 320.
Schofield  elected.
T. G. Coventry, Con.,  1328.
Hon. P. A. Pauline, Lib.. S23.
Munro Miller. Prov.,  710.
Coventry elected.
It.  W.   Drillllt,  Con.,   171.
W. A. Warren, Prov.. .175.
F. E. Wilcox, Lib.. 293.
Bruhn considered elected.    Return-
W. A. McKenzie, Con., 1248
P. W.  Gregory,  Ind.,   1204.
Mrs. H. McGregor, Lib.,  701.
McKenzle elected,
,  Dr. AV. C. Wrlncli, Lib., 588.
P. JU. Dockerill. Prov., 447.
R. S. Sargent, Con., 207.
Wrinch  considered  elected,
turna Incomplete.
J. W. .tones, Con., 1845.
' C.  B. Latta, Lib.,  1260.
H. D. P. Lysons, Prov., 295.
J. W. S. Loiie, Labor, 235.
Junes elected.
R.  H. .Neelands. Labor, 1870.
J. VV. Cornett, Con., 1133.
TV. J. Buckingham, Lib., 1076.  '
3,  Nixon,  Prov.,  664. j
Neelands elected.
J. I.lti, lilllT,*. Con., 6928.
R. Ha j ward,  (on., 6873.
H. V. Tivlgg, C_»n., 6414.
Gils Lyons.  Con.,  5964.
Dr. M. Rayner, Lib., 4031.
Hon.   John   Oliver,   Lib.,   4330.
J. B, Clearihue. Lib.. 3753.   -
S. J. Drake, Lib., 3831. ,
E. S. AVoodward,  Prov., 2810.
A. E. Todd, Prov.. 2728.
A. Smith, Prov., 2348.
A. Wright, Prov.,  2307.
C. E. North", Ind., 1887.     '
Mrs. H. W. Graves, 1304.
J. H. -Isiwthorntlnvijte, goo., 96
W. E. Pierce, Le bor, 822.
Pour  conservatives  elected.
Hon.  .1. D.  MaeLean,  Lib.,  831
John McRae, Con., 666.
James  Fagan,  Prov.,   401.
MacLean    elected.     Returns    i
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Thli ndTutlMnuat to not pnhiuhol or dliplajod ity tho Lienor Control Beati it
tty tho down-aunt of BrltUh Colombia
OTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel, j
" McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed j
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or J
$2.00 per week.
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346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
Acquaint Your Fellow Workers!
with Clean Labor Journalism
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