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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 24, 1922

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ganization Among- the
Workers Is Opposed
by Employers
Strike Guards and Troops
Prove to Be
Ignres Provide Food foe Strikers Were Fully Cared
Thought for Lumber   f        for  by  the
Workers 3 Union
■.    ■     ■■ - ■   . ■ -.    ■■■ .",«*$.,   •' ■• ■■  ;■;":
: Th*   Comox  Logging  Company,
i a railway about sixteen miles
fins, two legging oampa, headquar-
s camp when the offlee, machine
and repair shop* ar* situated, and
i boom eamp.
The company employ* ISO man
Ir thereabout*, Laat week til c«r*
pf logs w*re Uken trom tk* wood*
i salt water.   There ar* flv* -kid-
In oporation,   two   ia . each
amp, and the  flfth  engaged  ln
figging th* spar tree*.
The average price of a car of
logs, as the car* are loaded at thla
Company's camps, la about 1100.
hu* 8»» car* at Hot eaeh equals
"1,700. The lowest wage is J2.60
»r day, or that paid to the section
sn. Wood winters and wood
lekera reoeive 12.80, rigging men
li.Oi), second loader* - 18.40,
knotters 12.80.
Assuming   that    the    average
Weekly wage be 120.00 per week:
hen 860 men at   820   per  week
87,000,     Allowing   about
1,000 per week for what Is called
P'upkeep" and .we still have a sur-
"  i of 821,700.'   -
One   should   not   be   surprised
em the foregoing that the Logger's Association should do all in
power to destroy and discredit
ny effort on the    part   of    the
laves to organise for the purpose
1 getting more   "hay  and  oats",
is. of course, much discontent in tjie oamps of thia company,
'; te Usual the slaves appear to
i waiting for'something to "turn
"' Organisation, while not hope-
yet la hampered by the fact
t 36 per cent, of the men in the
np are married, and with -but
t exceptions are unable to move.
However,   ta   the   season -advances, and more and more.camps
> up, It may reasonably be exited that th* Comox camp* will
I on th* Union map one* mon.
The figures given above ahowlng
i proflt* of a well known logging
npany should make all workers
the lumber Industry Mop and
"   Thia outfit rakes in about
wenty-elght thousand seven hun-
■ed dollara per  week  in  profit*
which It does nothing, whil*
he workera slave their head oft for
) magnificent sum ot on an aver*
ae twenty dollars per week.
The men working In the logging
nap* can only reply to this In one
y, ahd that Is by making a drive
- more wages.   With the price of;
still on the upgrade and the
narket good there is no reason
'- wages can not' be Increased
Ifty per cent this spring. All that
; requires is tb* hnlted action of
men working In the camps.
h* masters must get the loirs out
lose their orders, and at the
present moment the supply of logs
the market is limited. In six
Sonths time It will be too late a*
- then there will be lota of logs
i hand.   The'time to flght for a
■ag* Increase Is now, not next fall
when th* market will be glutted
By Harold Haynes
- (For The Federated Press)
J Seattle.—The strlk* of Chinese
u unen which for two months tied
"shipping In Hongkong and other
Chinese porta, ls reported settled,
ending ln a complete victory for
the sailors.
Never before haa such solidarity
and independence been shown by
Chinese workers. Beginning in
Hongkong, where the. seamen flrst
went out, It spread rapidly until
practically every craft and guild in
that city was affected, including
house servants.   .
Thousands of tons of shipping
were tied up. Every ship coming
Into port carrying a Chinese crew
was'Immediately abandoned by the
seamen. Large forces of. strike
guards wero recruited - from- . the
whites, Including many Americans.
British troops were called out.
Three of them were killed in attacks by the Chinese upon the
docks. It is reported that the
troops flred into the .crowd, killing many of them.
The British maintain a large
force of .Hindu police in both
Hongkong, and Shanghai. They
were.much in evidence during the.
strike. They are large, fino' men
physically, of whom the.Chinese
are muoh afraid.
The strike' soon spread from
Hongkong to Shanghai. Practically
all water traffic was tied up. This
caused a serious food shortage tn
Hongkong. Hotels were crowded
and .householders Inconvenienced;
The British rulers ot Hongkong
(Continued on page 3)
.       . • - - —Drswn by WliriBJjUll fer tbe (Aulrsllu Worker wi Tbe Federated Fan)
TRADE mnOMIST (to Boa* at Wa(e Conference)-   "Pull That Ace Oat of low Sleeve."
| So-called Revolt a Protest'.
Against Wage
Protection by State of
Strikebreakers Cause
of Trouble
By W..N. Ewer
(Cable to Tbe Federated Pram)
London.—While South African
government troopa are breaking
the lait resistance of the Rand
general etrlke and their allied
commandoes, the outbreaks of fantastic stories In the capitalist press
are apparently designed to pave
the way-for drastic measures of
reprisal. . Some of these stories are
to the effect that the strikers'
course ws inspired and financed by
'Moscow" in an attempt to para-
lie one of the financial nerve centers of the world. The stories represent the strikers as savage man-
lacs engaged ln wholesale mass-
cres of the natives.;.
The cold facts are these:
The so-called revolt began l«*t
January as a result of the men's
refusal to accept the demands of
the mine owners for reductions In
wages and for the replacement of
large numbers of white workers by
low paid black labor. During January the negotiations proceeded ln
the Rand In absolutely orderly
fashion. Nevertheless large numbers of armed police were drafted.
Johannesburg capitalist papers began to talk martial law. Then the
negotiations broke down*- The
| owners refused to concede anything.
Provocative Manifesto
In the first weeks of February
there was a little sabotage. February 13 Premier Jan Smuts Issued
a provocative manifesto catling for
strike breakers to go to work and
(Continued on Page 8)
Building Trades Workers
Are Joining the
In spite of the decision of the
Easter Builders to sot their -own
lea of wages, the Carpentera re-
that all men working are receiving the union rato of pay and
that there Is no trouble.
Last week end It was rumoured
that  there  was  to  be trouble  at
Dixon and Murrays,  but the men
are all working and receiving the
union rate of pay.
■     So far as can be ascertained, the
■"'■building trades workers have received- no eut in wages and the
J'lonly effect the threatened wage cut
lias had,- Is the building up- of tho
different unions, which are taking
In new   members   every' meeting
Ton may wish to help The Federatlonist. Yon can do so by renew-
g your subscription promptly and
sending In the subscription of yonr
1 friend or neighbor.
Powers Discuss Possibili
ties of Drive on
Field Marshal Joffre Has
Desire  to Fight
(By the Federated Press)
Washington—Has armed invasion of Russia and Siberia been
discussed by the Harding administration with Frenoh and Japanese
militarists, in the very midst of the
arms limitation conference,
means of overthrowing the working
people's republic in Russia?
The question is raised by the
printing of ah* article in Russkl
Krai, the official newspaper of the
Merkulov or Priamur Vladivostok
"government"—which. has just
been driven to shelter under the
Japanese guns by the forces of the
Far Eastern .republic—received and
translated here by the delegation
from the Far Eastern republic.
Under date of Jan. 25, 1922, this
organ of the royalists says:
We are Informed from a reliable
source that ln American • governmental circles are being discussed
problems of the intended active
military operations against Soviet
Russia in the spring of thiB year.
Animated discussions are taking
pluce between Washington, Paris
and Tokfo. Field Marshul Joffre
has Instructions to conclude negotiations with the Japanese govern-
This Item Is signlflcant because!
It would not have gotten into print
without the tacit approval of. the
Japanese military command in
Under date of Jan. 26, the same
paper says, under a Vladivostok
date line:
'From an authentic source we
are informed that a declaration
made by Field Marsha! Joffre regarding Europe's desire to flght
militant communism not only by
an economic blockade, but by force
of arms was received with great
satisfaction by the Japanese military circles,"
fas** in e..t..e..ts_|Me.|.i|..e-e.ie..>.le..*i..»i»<->.i>n.ifi nmmi nnin,itii»i|n|i i i j***. i »♦*»«■»■
Sunday, March 26th, 1922
AT t P.M.
Speaker: J. KAVANAGH
Collection* Questions Discussion
Unemployed Women and
Girls Organize—Headquarters Secured
There wu * fair attendance at
the nieeting called on Wednesday,
in the Pender Hall, 'or the purpose
of organising the.unemployed women ot the city and district
Mrs.' Booth acted as chairman
of the meeting, and after explaining the object of the moeting, called upon Mrs. J. S. Woodsworth to
report on investigations made by
her In th* olty during the week.
Mrs. Woodsworth reported interviewing local business people,
social workers, travellers aid, working women and women in business
and the general consencus of opinion was that there were no better
times ahead.
Wages were being lowered, and
thore seemed to be a persistent,
conscious effort on foot to lower
them still more. Experienced girls
were being dismissed by their employers, aud less efficient girls
takon on at less wages. In mnny
coses lt was freely admitted that
laxity ln morals was an asset to
holding a position. The speaker
continued: "Unemployed girls and
women are just awakening to their
position, and are now realizing that
it ls the duty of the government
to help them out in their needs.
The only way to get thc desired
help ls to follow the spirit of the
times and organize ln an unemployed body, like the men, then
if times get better, we can be better able to organize Industrially,
and so have a good standard of living.
A lady then asked the privilege
of the floor to state her case, saying her experience might benefit
.other girls ln a like position. She
had applied at Timms the printers,
and signed on for a two weeks Job
at (14 per week. She had worked
hard and faithfully, as she thought
it might laat out a few weeks. Tivo
days after she and other Ave girls
were laid oh*, she only receiving
16.26 for two days' work. The case is
ln a lawyer1!' hands. She haa no
friends In th* city, ha* been turned
out by her landlady, and ls up
against It.
On being asked lt she had tha
names of the other girls, she stated
they worked so hard getting out
(000 catalogues for Spencers ln two
days, that they had no time to ask
each other's names.
Mrs. Booth spoke In favor of organization, and stated they had
taken the flrat steps by renting
room No. 3 at 319 Pender Street
West, where tht girls could come,
and see the' newspapers and hav*
a good phone service.
After the meeting was over, th*
girls held.an organisation meeting
and 20 girls signed the unemployed
Workers in Textile Industries Refuse Wage
'Washington. — Denmark's legation here annonuces that, the lockout In the textile, manufacturing,
building and many other trades in
that country, now Involving some
160,000 workers, has entered a
more serious phase, due to the re-
fiisal of the organized employers to
continue negotiations with the
unions. The issue ls the workers*
acceptance of a 20 per cent, re*
duetion in wages, demanded by the
employers, Instead of the agreed
periodical adjustment of wages to
changes in the cost of living.
Back of thts neutral announcement is the illuminating fact that
Danish labor was enabled, due to
the presence of Socialists in her
cabinet during the war period, to
gain better conditions than en-
Joyed by labor in any other part
of Europe. After the Socialists
went out of power the employers
started a "return to normalcy"
movement, which has culminated
ln the present lockout. Their pretext ls that they are being undersold In the market by the Germans.
Their actual reason Is a hunger for
the big profits they made in the
war period.
fill IT UP TO
[employed of Edmonton
irculate Resolution for
■ Approval of Citizens
'The unemployed of Edmonton,
having recognised that there ls no
one- to help them, except them-
seljngs, have been busy lately try-
: fo give themselves that aid and
fort which is so necessary at
ice the Central Council of the
l"n*hii>loy«!il was formed on 1 el,
ruary 6, a deal of progress has
been made, but the Trades and
Labor Council has stood aloof. The
constitution of the Calgary unemployed council has been adopted,
aiid-for every affiliated organization two delegates elected from
the registered unemployed are
seated, but little help has naeu
rendered by the various labor or
ganizations.-. At present the tol-
lading organizations are affiliated
The Labor Church, the O. B. U.
(Continued on page t)
In tho report of the unemployed
conference ln last week's issue, Uie
G. W. V. A. was credited with boing represented. Tliis was not correct. It should have read, G. A.
V. V. Tho G. W. V. A. has never
been represented at any of the unemployed conferences, and has actually opposed such moves.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
:     Nanalmo Again Helps
?he Nanaimo workers huve again
dono good work for the famine
sufferers of Hussiu. On March 15
their held a concert, supper and
dance, and the following financial
statement has been issued by the
Bale of tickets for conceit,
supper and dance _, $174.60
Sotf'drinks, etc     10.76
Rime      48.26
Cosh donations      14.60
TtJtal receipts   $248.10
Orch.'estra  I 31.00
Hallrent $20, refund $10....    10.00
Refreshments     ' 7.00
Ttital  $ 48.00
Total amount aboxe evp......$200.00
Last Trip of Canadian
Highlander No Pleasure Cruise
A life on the rolling wave is not
aU it Is cracked up to be, at least
not on a Canadian Merchant Marine vessel. On the last day of Dec.
1921, the Canadian Highlander left
Vancouver for Yokohama. She arrived at that port on Jan. 25, and
left Shanghai on Feb. 8 for Van-I
couver. She, however, had to put
back for ballast, bunker oil and
Anally arrived at Vancouver
March 19.
The crew, during the return trip
particularly, had much to contend
with. There wag but litle food, and
were a week out on the return
Journey placed on short rations.
This in spite of the fact that she
carried half a ton of meat In her
One morning the men were served mush and potatoes. They protested. A member of the crew was
appointed to lay the case before
Captain Fisher. Little attention
was, however, given by the skipper
to the men's complaints.
The history of the Canadian
Merchant Marine Is replete with
stories of hardships, low wages and
other undesirable conditions. A
number of deaths have occurred on
these ships, and the men have been
'Continued on Page I)
No Intervention in Coal
Strike Unless Public
A Warning
Word has been received from
Calgary to the effect that it is useless for workers to go to that city
seeking work, as there are large
numbers of unemployed there, and
little prospect of improvement.
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY-Workere' Party, 8 p.m
MONDAY-Educational Class.
TUESDAY—Famine Relief Committee.
WEDNESDAY—Social and Dance.
SATURDAY-Dance, 9 to 12.
M"*i'l'i»n>H_i«ii| |k|ii»i|*I
The Roll Call
At a meeting of the Friends of
Soviet Russia, held on Tuesday
evening ln the Pender Hall, it was
decided that all those having roll
call collection sheets for the collection of funds for famine-stricken
Russia, should turn them ln when
filled to Mrs. C. Sutherland, 804
Pender Street West.
-North Shore Women Active
Under the auspices of the North
Shore Women's Protective Association, a very successful whist drive
and dance was held In the Odd
Fellows Hall on Friday last, about
160 being present. Whist was
played from 8 to 10 p.m. Refreshments were served in the lower
hall, Mrs. Carr acting as convenor,
and the remainder of the evening
was spent In dancing. As this was
the first social function, arranged
by the women of the unemployed,
and Its success was to pronounced
It Is expected that there will be
more in the near future.
Press Intimates That a
Fight to Finish Is
[By Laurence Todd]
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington—Coal operators have
the "inside track" with the Harding administration, and there will
be no effective Intervention by the
chief executive to prevent the nation-wide attack on the United
Mine Workera of America April 1,
unless public opinion shall be powerfully stirred meanwhile.
That Is tbe basic fact in the situation facing miners and operators
a fortnight before the crisis of their
President Harding has as his
most Influential adviser thc same
Herbert Hoover who has been inviting {he newspaper corespondents
to report that a finish flght ln the
coal industry is probably coming.
As his attorney general he has
Harry Daugherty, life-lonu corporation lawyer, whp has already indicated that he will go even farther
than Mitchell Palmer wns prepared
to go in crushing "disorder" In the
event of a striko.
As his host during hla present
cruise in Florida, thc president has
Ned MoLenn, owner of the Washington Post, which has conducted
a savage editorial propaganda
against the United Mine Workers
for years past, and which distinguished itself by Its hysterical denunciation of the Unions during the
great steel strike of two years ago.
McLean ls one of the president's
close advisers.
Secretary of the Treasury Mellon,
one of America's richest men, is a
heavy owner of the securities of a
large number of the Industrial corporations ln the Pittsburg district,
and is identified with the flnanclal
group wblch is seeking to smash
the miners' organization this year.
(Continued on page I)
; British Government Givea
Oat Official
Soviet Russia b Not Oppressing Dependent
(Br Th* Federated Pre**)
London,—Information u to th*
politic*! relation* between the
Moacow government and the varioui federated republic of Soviet
RuMla I* contained ln an official
publication which hu been _■_•_
here by the Britlah foreign oWc*.
It la compiled from material* aup-
pllad by the British Trad* Mission
which ho* for aome month* been
established In Moacow.
Thi* report, muad under, tha
aeal of the BrltlBh government, dia-
poaes of a number of cliarte. commonly made aa to "oppression"
exerted by Moacow on the£4epen-
dent atates. In the caae of Gaorgla,
for   inatance,   tt   la   Mated, that
foreign affairs remain In the
handa of. the Georgian'government,
while the "Georgian military forcea
are under Russian control; • • •
In commercial matter* Georgia enjoy., with Armenia and Azerbaijan,
exceptional position, for the
three atates have formed thetr own
department of foreign trade Independently of Moscow. Internal
trade In Georgia remains free, aa
It waa before the Bolshevik Invasion, no state monopoly , having
been instituted, while foreign firms
atlll continue their operations."
That tbere Is complete accord
between the Far Eastern republic,
which include* Vladivostok and
has it capital at Chita, and Soviet
Russia is also pointed out ln this
report While thl* republic haa no
military and economio alliance
with Soviet Russia of the nature of
that existing with the "Ukraine and
other former provinces, an elfec- -.
tive agreement- has been established with Moscow "on. the subject* of railways, waterways, posts
and telegraphs."
Th* decentralized federation of
•Ute* which the soviet stattsmen
have worked out I* described la
some detail. These states tall Into
two divisions, thon forming a compact federation over the greater'
part ot the territory of what wa*
European Russia, and those which
are- nominally independent, "but
are bound either by treaty or by an
Informal working arrangement to
the Moscow government." Such,
for Instance, are the Ukraine,
Georgian and Armenian Soclaliit
Soviet republic*. -
In addition apeclal rights of self-
government have been given to
certain homogeneous districts within the confines of Soviet Russia,
■uch as the German Labor Commune along the Finnish border.
WIU Bold Open Meeting
Local 144 Steam and Operating
Engineers will hold, an open meeting next Tuesday at 8 p.m., at 319"
Fender Street West. At 9 o'clock
the regular business meeting ot the
looal will commence, and the question of a minimum wage discussed.
All engineers are urged to attend
tho open meeting.
Patronise Fed  Advertisers.
Chinese  Soldiers   Being
Trained to Drive
Japs Out
£By W. Francis Ahem]
(Federated  Press Staff Correspon-
•  dent)
(Australian Bureau)
Sydney, N. S, W.—China Is reorganizing an army with tbe intention of driving out thc Japanese.
At least 150 British, French and
American ollicers, nil of whom saw
servico in the world war, are Instructing Chinese troops. Active
military service is expected In the
near future. Many battalions of
Chinese are being trained as machino gunners.
The Chinese hnve British 18-
pounders and French 76*s guns,
also plenty of ammunition. They
are also equipped with British and
French airplanes of good makes.
The money for this purpose la
reported to be coming from nations interested in driving Japanese
trade from China and securing it
for themselves. China Is to have a
(hat)ge of. looters.
Concert and Dance
Wednesday, March 29th
nr ato or the Russian famine sufferers
Concert Will Commence at 8 pjn.   Dueing to 12 >AGE TWO
VANCOUv_m, R c
FRIDAT ■_ .....March  24,
Published everif Friday morning by The B. C.
Federationist,  Limited
A. a WELLS ...... Manager
XMBce:   Room 1, Victoria Block. 812 Pender St. W.
Telephone Seymour 5871
"Subscription Rates: United States ahd Foreign, .3.0-
per year; Canada. 82.50 per year, |1.50 for six
i months; lo Unions subscribing in a body, Ho per
member, iter month,
Unity «r I__bnr:<
" the Hope of the World
Unemployed Must Organize
on a National Basis
NO matter how unpleasant it may sound,
unemployment is permanent. In other
words, the present system of society is unable
to provido work for a large portion of the
workon.. Specious press promises of returning
prosperity will not bo more effective in wmov-
ing this phase of capitalistic society than faith,
without effort, would be in moving mountains.
Understanding that even a partial resumption
of industry—the best that can bo expected—
will have but little offect, and that more men
will be employed during the spring and summer than in winter, the unemployed would be.
well advised at this time if they decide to
make their organizations permanent ones.
Civic or municipal officials will, without dissent, all agree that the question of caring for
the unemployed ia a national one. In this attitude they are backed tip by the provincial
authorities. The Federal government has to
some extent admitted this, by paying at least
a part of the cost of relief for the jobless and
starving slaves in this country. But national
» questions cannot be dealt with by local organizations. If the workera of this country
are to be faced with permanent unemployment,
and the consequent misery and distress whioh
such a condition entails, and there is no loeal
power capable Of dealing with it, then there
must be a national organization for the unemployed. •
* *     *
While it is true thc ruling elass has local organizations, it is also true that the beneficiaries
of the present system are organized on national lines and linked up internationally. The
powers of the civic authorities are limited by
thc provincial governmental machinery, and
thc provincial legislatures are again in turn
curtailed by the Federal Parliament and the
notional executive of the rulers of this country,
which is the Dominion Cabinet. Thus the relief of the unemployed becomes a national, not
a local question.
• .•     •
During the past year or two, tho organization of the unemployed has been experimented
with. Some loeal organizations iti various
parts of the eountry have accomplished *a little,
but in every oase they have had to face the fact
that the civic and provincial authorities' powers and finances have been limited. Only this
week, many local authorities have served notice on the unemployed that all relief work is
to be stopped. This has been done because the
Federal authorities are going to shut off supplies on April the 1st. With conditions such
as these facing the workers of this country,
mere local organization is not sufficient. The
ruling class will only givo itt relief what it is
compelled to, and as tho real power of that
class is national, then the workless must organize on a national basis, and build up an organization which will be effective in squeezing
the last cent out of the ruling class to maintain
them when their labor power is a drug on the
The Miners' Struggle Agaiest
Wage Reductions
THE pending struggle between the coal
operators of the Ameriean continent and
thc minera over the question of hours and
wages, has been pretty well featured in the
press headlines during the past week. One
such headline read: "Vancouver Island
Minors Will Not Be Affected by the International Strike." Wo suppose that it will also
. be imagined, by the unthinking, that the Vancouver Island miners will not bc affected by
the proposed wage cut in the Crow's Nest Pass
and Alberta coal fields, but a little investigation will prove that the miners of any part of
the continent are affected by the conditions
which prevail in other quarters.
» • *
For a considerable time (he Vancouver Island minors have been engaged in producing
coal for a market which has been provided yi
the State of Washington, a market which was
created by reason of the striko which has been
in existence in that state for some time. To
that extent the miners of the Island have
benefited. Bnt the defeat of the Washington
miners would have an effect on the'miners of
all parts ot the continent.
* *      •
In every case where the minera have struck
they have been asked to accept reduced wages.
The miners of the Crow's Nest Pass and Vancouver Island must of necessity be concerned
with the rate of wages paid throughout the
United States, for a cut in wages in the Illinois coal fields would immediately have its
effect on their position. While the anthracite
miners in the United States do not imagine
that the bituminous miners' wages affect
theirs, they do, and a defeat for one set of
miners would be immediately followed by the
defeat of others.
* *     »
United action on the part of the miners at
this time is necessary, for they are not fighting
individual mine owners, but are fighting the
coal barons as a unit. Some may stay at work
end aid in supplying the market; to that extent they may "benefit," bnt their immediate
gain will later be wiped out, when they in thoir
turn, receive the attention of the employers
wage-cutting tactics.
* *     •
Today the miners of Nova Scotia are fighting wage-cutting tactics. The miners in the
Crow's Nest'Pass are facing wage reductions
which amount to over thirty per eent.   Thc
minera of the United States are alsp faced with
wage cuts, and can any one imagine that the
Vancouver Island minera will escape. In fact
they have had several cuts during the past year
or two, and more are in sight. Thc world over,
no matter where one may turn his attention, is
witnessing a ruthless campaign on the part of
employers to reduce wages. In Great Britain
over half a million men are already on strike,
and over twice that number are-indirectly affected in the engineering and shipbuilding industries. South African miners have had their
taste of the-return to normalcy, and evidently
the workers of the United States are not to
escape, while all over Europe the same .ten
dencies of rcduchig tho standard of living are
to be seen.
st      .       .
The need of the hour on the part of all workers is a closing up of the ranks. All are affected, the difference beiiijconly one of degree.
Miners' wages fall, reductions take place in
other industries, and all workers are effected.
The labor market is overstocked. There are
millions of idle, men on the American continent, and the employers are taking advantage
of all the conditions which prevail, to reduco
the wages of the workers. There is no mercy
shown to any section of the wage earners.
Normalcy, iii other words cheaper production,
ia sought by the employing class. This can
only be achieved by thc lowering of wages and
a lower standard of living for the wealth producers. Theories at this time are futile. A
united front on the part of the wage earners
is, however, necessary to resist the onslaught
of the employing class, and the sooner the
workors realize tliis, the sooner they will close
up their ranks and line up on class lines, forgetting the geographical lines Which divide
them, and present a united front to a common
enemy. The Vancouvcr'Island mineifs might
well, at this time, realize that sooner or later
ihey will have to fight, and that they might
as well organize for it now.
Ottawa-First Impressions
The Spirit of Militarism and
Vancouver Youth
THE commanding officer of a Vancouver
Bjilitia battalion, is sending out letters to
boys and youths, who have been connected
with the Boy Scout movement, a copy of whmh
has been handed to us by the mother of one of
the boys circularized. Tho letter or circular in
question, is a plea to the boys to join the battalion of which the officer referred to is lhe
head, namely, the 29th. One of the passages in
the letter is particularly interesting, or should
be, to workers generally, and more particularly
to the returned men, who are now on the Mead
line, after having won a war for "democracy."
This passage reads:
"Think it over, boys, don't you think yott
owe it to Canada, to your parents who
gave you a home, to your ancestors, who
fought and bled that you may ^iave civil
and religious liberty, and a safe country to
Uve-in to keep that country and its priceless
possessions for yourself and your children t
Don't you think "■ you can giv© up a few
nights a week to learn how to defend them
properly in oase of needi Do you think
that learning What fellowship and comradeship mean, how to shoot and use a bayonet, to bo trained physically by capable instructors, will ever be lost timet Men who
went overseas to fight for all we hold dear,
who suffered the hardships and en-lured
tho'rigors of war for you, are willing to
give their time to help, not with tho idea
of making this a military nation, but that
military nations may not bc tempted to try
to wrest our possessions from us, knowing
that not only, if need be, we will fight,
'  but also that we know how to fight.'.'
• #      #     .
Irrespective of the fact that the most of the
men who went overseas in the late war and
managed to return, are now wondering what
they fought for, and how much of tho eountry
and its priceless possessions they hold, and have
found that all they held'dear in thc shape of
ideals have been shattered, and that their lot
is either on the bread line br living on hopes of
better' times to come, the local press gives us
some idea of just what the voluntary forces of
a country can bc and arc used for. .
» * •
South Africa is a long way from Canada, but
it is a British Dominion, and'naturallly governed by men with British ideals, that is British
ruling class ideals, and on Wednesday we learned from the press, that the premier of South
Africa gave much credit to the voluntary forces
which he stated were composed mostly of mere
school boys for their efforts to quell the striking miners of South Africa, many of whom took
part in the (late war, ano) possibly in the
South African war,
* »     *
Full details of the South African affair are
not yet to hand, but it is safe to assume that
the press stories have exaggerated thc extent
and action of the miners in that struggle. It
i.< also safe to state that the miners, many of
whom had fought for "democracy," were fighting against a reduction in wages and a lowering of their standard of living. Canada, however, needs no military forces for the purpose
of repelling invaders, the real owners of the
country, the financiers of the United States,
are capable of getting enough men to take care
of their property, but as in the case of the
Island strike of some ten years ago, voluntary
military forces are useful in quelling strikes,
There is no military glory in such proceedings,
no matter what illusions still remain in the
minds of tho people as to the glory of butchering the people of other oountries, and parents
might well at this time, ponder on the wisdom
of allowing thc minds of their offspring becoming warped by the teachings Of the militaristic
powers of this country, or their children may
yet figure as scab herders.
The United States has decided to wash its
hands of Europe until all debts are paid. Patience in this case will be a virtue, for never is
a long time and they will never be paid.
"British Beds Make Attempt to Capitalize
Industrial War." So read a headline in a
local paper early in the week. We suppose
tbat it would be seditious to suggest that the
British employing class Started tho industrial
war and capitalized the misery of the unemployed so that their objectivo might be
,(By J. S. Woodsworth)
SOME years ago 1 remember
walking along Parliament Hill,
wondering what it would be
like to be one of th* legislators et
Canada: today, looking from the
inside of my office out over tho1
Ottawa River, 1 must confess to
feel very doubtful about what an
Independent Member of Parliament can accomplish.
I. cannot get away from an impression I received while visiting
the new buildings, while they were
in the course of erection. A mason,
onc of the men interested in the
radical labour movement, was
.showing me about. After "pointing" out some of the 'beautiful
Gothic arches, which remind* one
of the Cathedrals of thc Ola Land,
he took me abovo and showed me
that the weight of tho building was
really carried by a steer and "concrete structure. This, seems symbolic of our parliamentary Institutions. While externally they
appear to he the embodiment of
our, ancient British traditions, ia
reality they are supported by our
modern Industrial system; behind
the' forms of democracy lie* tb*
control of big business.
Ottawa Dominated hy Whips,
Each member 1* (applied with
office accommodation in the build'
ings. and with every facility for
carrying on his' work. The flrst
lesson that I learned, however, in
coming to the house, wa* that aa
an Independent or Labour man, I
had really no part ln the scheme
of things, as they are. The rooms,
for example.-had already been divided up among the three whips.
Each whip assigned rooms' to the
members ot his party. There ar*
now recognised ln Ottawa, three
parties, the Liberals, thd Conservative* and the" Progressive. I,
unfortunately, belonged io none bf
these. While other -men were
able to get to work Immediately,
X had to watt twenty-four houra
for something to happen. I then
went t& the Sergcant-at-Arm» ahd
explained the situation. He was
very courteous, indeed; but seemed
at a loss to know what to do, since
all the office accommodhtlon had
already been assigned to the three
whips. I protested that I did not
come here to repreient any one of
the old parties, and I did not pre
pose to be under obligation to any
one of the three whips. Finally,
hwover, the Sergeant-at-Arm* requested the Progressive Whip tg
yield one ot hi* rooms, sine* it had
been granted more or les* the understanding that th* Progressives
were responsible for the Independents and Non-dMCripts. Bo, In the
long run, I flnd myself very comfortably housed, though how I ain
to get on in this machine without a
whip, beat* me. Never before did
I realise the Important position ot
a "Whip" in the life of our parliamentary affairs.
Mot Only Is provision mad* for
facilitating our work, but we have
a host of officials to safe-guard us
and our papers. I flnd myself,
these days, the possessor of a big
bunch of keys. Keys to the office,
keys to the desks, keys to the post
box, keys to the desk of the House,
etc. They weigh heavily In my
trouser pockets; and again these
keys are to me somewhat of & par
able, for what la tt, momber of
parliament except a man who occupies a privileged position. He is
supposed to do this in order that
he may serve the public, in reality,
I fancy, it became fairly easy for
ft man to identify the public interest with his own. I am endeavour'
tng to get alt these preliminary
meditations "off my chest" ht an
early dato. lest I should succumb
to the atmosphere which seems so
prevalent here. It may be true that
the road to Hell is paved with good
Intentions; wherever I wind up at,
it is well for my friends at least to
know at what end I started out.
Labour In the Left Wing
One cannot but be struck with
the fact that tho mechanical
arrangements of the .House have
very much to do with the actual
political line-up of the representatives. The Government, Of course,
occupies the scats on the right
hand ot tho speaker. There they
sit in long rigid' tines, ond where
they can be readily marshalled at
will; perhaps this is fitting. Not so
tho arrangement' on the Speaker's
left hand, for thore ln the same
long rigid lines sit the Conserve-
Ives—the ancient opposition to
the Liberals^ Next to them, separated only by a single aisle, Is the
large group of tho Progressives,
and further on again, almost a part
of the Progressive group, the men
Who owe their allegiance to labor,
Mr. Irvine of Calgary and I are
seat m .ten, I have the honour to
occupy a front bench, loft wing,
furthest removed from ' the
speaker. Beyond me there are a
numbor of unoccupied desks; in
imagination, I try to picturo the**
In future years, filled with Labour
Members. Even as I do so, ihow-1
ever, I can hardly fancy the form-*
al arrangements of this house permitting the labour men to accomplish a very great deal. 0 , t
It ha* bcen interesting for me,
In conversation with some o'f th*
Farmer Members, to hot*' how
their enthusiasm is dampened by
the actual realities of Parliament.
It Is much more difficult to b* able
to accomplish things hore, than Ih
th* freedom of outside life; It
strike* one that this is a well-oiled
machine, that one 1* oxpecfed to
follow tho accustomed grooves—-to
play the game according to the
rules, and that these rules permit
ot very little Individual Initiative.
Even an old labour man confided
to me that he had found h.'msoM
helpless, nnd so he had decided'to
go In with tho Progressives, only
member of a group did he
consider that he could accomplish
anything. ,
Opening of tho House.
On Wednesdny the House assembled ot three o'clock, aUyho anol-
•nt formalities were adhered to,
A clerk read a message from the
Governor General's Socretary, Informing the House that His Excellency's Deputy, would attend at the
Senato Chambor at three o'clock
to open the Session, and following
the reading of this message, th*
members were summoned to the
Iscnat* Ofeaaabcr by th* Gentleman
"Usher of the Black Rod. This
Functionary who announced his
arrival with three resounding
knocks on the 'door of tho Commons, was received with the usual
formalities by the Sargeant-at-
After this most dignllleu proceeding, we all proceeded in a
most undignified manner to the
Bar of the Senate., This august
body, composed of the Bob Rogers
and Ami Bernards impressed one
as a very descrepit institution, indeed. One felt vory much as on
viewing the Inmates of a "workhouse" that these poor old chaps
had only a few years ahead of
them, and so are not to be envied
their haven of quiet. The message
from the representativeN was
couched . in ancient forms—
"Gentlemen of the House of Commons—I have It in command to/let
you knoW that His Excellency doe*
not see lit to declare the cauae* of
hla summoning tho present parliament of Canada until th* Speaker
.of th* House of Common* shall
|hav* been chosen according to the
law; but to-morrow, at th* hour of
three o'clock, In the afternoon, HI*
Excellency will declare th* cause*
of calling thl* Parliament." We
then trooped hack and elected a
speaker. Following this the
Speaker held a reception; the
punch was declared to be excellent. I fear I shall not be able to
tak* full advantago of th* opportunities offered within th* Parliament Building* for gratifying a
connoisseur** taate, hut of this,
"more later." Thus ended our
flrst day's work.
The second day's work wu similar: A stage performance with
tht. Black Rod and Sergeant-at-
Arms, and a trip across the building to th* Senate followed, the
Governor-General, however. Was
present tn person and the so-called
elite of Ottawa, and Indeed of Canada were out in full force.
Let me quote from & memorandum regarding thl* function a*
furnished us member* by th* Gentleman Usher of the Block Rod—
"When a Gentleman who** name
appears on the official Hat dies gr
relinquishes the position which entitled him to a place on the official
list, hi* name and the name* of hts
wife or widow and daughter* ar*
erased, front the list. What might
look like an exception, although
Is really not one, occurs ln the cose
of ex-ministers, who so long as
they live, with their wive* and
daughters, receive Invitations as
"Privy Councillor* not of the cabinet, their wive* and daughters." . . . ihe Order of
"full dress" for the floor ot the
Senate mean*, notwithstanding the
ordinary social convention, full
Evening dross for both ladies and
gentlemen; uniform tor those entitled to wear lt. This Order does
[mot, of course, apply to Senators
or to Members of the House ot
Commons (who attend below the
Bar ot the Senate aa Member* ot
their House)."
The Social Papers contain descriptions of the brilliant - event,
with the Red Chamber a blaze of
colours, brilliant uniforms, handsome gowns, etc. From the standpoint of a labour man, the whole
performance was distinctly Illuminating, Whatever we may say a*
to the need for efficiency ln conducting the business of thla country, it does seem ridiculous that we
should have one hour On Wednesday and another hour on Thursday of pure formality, and -then
that we should adjourn until Monday.
I recognize the fact, of course,
that most men, Including myself,
find plenty to do outside the time
actually spent ln the House, but at
the same time, this ancient ceremony, with, all it Involves of class
distinction and ostentation, seems
much out of place ln on institution
which is supposed to admlnlrter
the affairs ot plain democratic citlsens.
Oiuevery side there ls manifest
wide divergence between the
standards maintained by the Gov--
ernlng classes, and those, which
theso classes would impose upon
the rest of the community. For example, I flnd that it ls frequently
tho custom for. members living In
the East to leave on Friday tor a
yreek-end with "their families, re
turning Monday afternoon or even
Ing. An hour spent ln the house
ls sufficient to secure them from
forfeiting a day's pay. This is
very convenient, indeed, for professional men, who are able to
maintain their business offices, and
regard tho House of Commons as
more or less of a Club, attendance
at which it helpful In facilitating
the conduot of their private affairs.
In contrast with this, I could not
but notice a i sn, prominently
placed on one of the buildings
which Is being used for construction purposes "Any man leaving
work bofore the whistle Is blown,
will bo discharged"—further comment Is unnecessary.
D. Haywood Heads
Great Industrial
Will Mine Coal for Trans-
Siberian Railroad
(By The Federated Press)
New York.—Tbe approval by
Premier Lenln et the Russian government of the concession to a
group of American Industrial
Workers of the World, headed by
William D. Haywood, means, according to H. 8. Calvert, who I* in
charge of the organisation wark
her* tor the Kuznets Basin pro
loot, that official sanction ha* b**n
given to the greatset Industrial Ration scheme ever proposed. The
projeot is to develop that vast re
gton on a co-operative plan In
which »very worker will have
vole*, and which wlU be managed
by engineers, technicians- and in
dustrial scientists.
According to Calvert, Haywood'*
grant is not a concession," but a
lease, covering, among other resources, great Iron mines and
works and coal mines in the Kuznets basin. The lease is indefinite
aa to time, being renewable every
two years. The. group "will operate
th* big Nadezhdlnsky Iron works
in the Ural mountains, as well a*
th* resources in the Kuznets.
The flrst group of engineers and
technicians—expected to be about
60 ln number—wilt leave here
soon to prepare the way for th*
6,000 workers who will eventually
go from' here to take up the worki
The immediate purpose of this flrst
group of engineers and technician*
will be to mine enough coal,to get
th* trans-Siberian railroad Ih operation, and to bring into the
(amine district* the vast store*
which have been shunted off at the
way station* because pf inadequate
transportation facilities. When
this has been accomplished th*
permanent work of the industrial
pioneers will begin.
Under th* terms of the leaae,
the Russian government will derive a revenue of 7 per cent, from
the project, and reserves the right
to take, if needed, 60 per cent of
the cqlony's output of coal, iron
and machine products, for which It
will give the workers credits with
which they can purchase othorj
supplies. The remainder may be
disposed of by the workera as they
see flt
The Nadezhdlnsky iron work*
are about 1,600 miles east ot Moscow, and the Kuznets basin Is
about 8,000 east of Moscow In the
Tomsk district ot western Siberia.
Put It Up to
(Continued from page 1)
Arrest of Ghandi Means
a Revolution in
(By the Federntod Press)
New Tork—"Tho doctrine* of
Gandhi are thc doctrines of India.
Gandhi I* the symbol of India's'
struggle for freedom, and lt I* ho
longer possible for men like Gandhi
to remain at large," said Syud Hos-
saln, former editor, Allahabad Independent, official organ of the Indian National Congress.
'India Is entering a life and
death struggle for deliverance from
alien rule."'
The arrest of Gandhi means revolution In India, according to Ba-
santa Koomar Roy of th* Friends
of Freedom for tndla. "Th* arrest
of Gandhi is the end of the Gandhi
experiment. The revolutionary
party has remained In the background for two years and given the
policy of non-co-operation a thorough chance. Now the British have
arrested the leader who preached
peace.   Now the old revolutionary1
the C. N. U. X., the Workers Party
o^ Canada, and the Stationary Engineers.
The following resolution wo*
passed at the last meoting, to be
forwarded to the government, and
has been widely circulated for signatures, and business men and the
general public Have so far responded willingly. The resolution read*:
During the Fall and Winter of
H12-l»l_ widespread unemployment prevailed itf Canada. Miserable pittances were doled out here
and there and the unemployed
were as a whip on those who were
employed, eauslng longer hours
and decreased wages.. Wage** less
than (air wage clauses called for
were being paid, and working
class organizations Were powerless
to alter or right this condition of
Federal, provincial and civic
governments wer* appealed to and
replied that the pittances already
mentioned were the limit the government could afford. Despite this
federal poverty, millions of money
came Into action for the maintenance of camps, feeding, and clothing of thousands of men, transportation of troops, purchasing equipment and materials of war, and a
dollar-ten per day to our heroes, 86
per cent, of whom in 1914 came
from the ranks of the unemployed.
The conditions of unomploymont
are worse today than . then, and
small as the present reliof doles
are, notices are already posted,
that owing to flnanolal stress they
will be cut off on March 81. Therefore, remembering tho speed that
finance was brought Into existence
ln 1914, there can be no hesitancy
on tho part of the worker*, employed or unemployed," .to register
themselves, ln favor, both at public meetings and by direct communication with the Premier of
Canada, of the following resolution:
"Whereas we, the worker* of
the City of Edmonton, hav* been
forced to consider the serious unemployment situation, and -find
that It affects each and all ot us
whether employed or unemployed; and whereas, We have in the
paat witnessed huge flnanolal resources brought Into being, by
Act of Parliament or by Ord«r-ln-
Councll, overnight, all for a cause
of no more Importance than the
preeent situation of unemployment
with Ita suffering and misery;
therefore, bo it resolved;
"That the Federal Government
put the earn* effective system of
llnanclng Into effect immediately,
for the purpose of providing work
at union rat**, ot, falling that, to
provide full maintenance. And
that oftlolal buroaux handling the
administration of this shall have
on the staff on appointee of the
unemployed, Whose wages shall be
paid by tn* government."
Furniture Store
Wp want you to come to
this store with confidence
that you can hoy Furniture, /Carpets and Linoleum at lower prices and
better term*.
Greater   Opportunity
the   Working   Hen
416 Main Street
Pbone Sey. Itti
tmmott thb nsiu-
tiokhi >ad nt sees 1*
pet Mat, -ll-roit
Sydney, N. ,8. Wale*.—Further
troublo 1* forecasted In the metal
mining industry In Australia. Th*
mine owner* plan a closing down
of the mines as a flrst step toward*
another attempt to reduce wagea
and lncreaae the working hour*.
Officially, the excuse given I* that
the present price of metal* make*
—O working of the mines unprofitable. The owners state further that
"a crisis can be averted only by a
modification of the existing Industrial conditions."
The metal minea but recently resumed operations after two years'
idleness, during whieh time the
owners unsuccessfully tried to reduce th* wages of the worker*.
Glasgow.—A waitress, whose
wagea wer* 10 shilling* 1 pence
per week, with an occasional bonus
of _ shillings, was fined 3 pounds <
•hilling* for taking one pound of
biscuits and a roll without kave.
Tho good* were valued at 8 •hillings, but the etlpendory magistrate
remarked that although the value
was amall the charge was very
grave. No one appeara to hav*
asked th* girl whether she wa*
Taeoma, Wn.—Unton motion
picture operatora have here won
two ahort strikes against wage reductions.
International looal 844 ii
holding its meetings on
Tuesday ever]- week at 8
p.m., 319 Fender St. W.
Ring op Phone Seymoar MSI
tor appointment
Br* W* J. Cany
Suite 301 Dominion Building
Cigar Store
■■ ■   -Ain) - -
O. J. Mengel j
Write* oil class** af Insur-
•ace. Representing only flnt-
olass Board companle*. If In-
nirance I* wanted, writ* or
phon* Sey. 6686. _.
Offlce address, TM Board of
Trade Bldf., Vancouver, B.O.
The Psychology \
of Marxian
(By H. Rahim)
A work that all students
•hould read. Can be obtained
from the
B. 0. Federationist, Ltd.
Price SOo Per Oopy, Post Paid
St—**—_i**.}L!&._** !•». o<
_»•_•>" stl-ol   "Immediately    feUowlail
!_____ eertleft    Wodnredey.'MMmonldJ
■ Downie j
J Sanitarium I
i     lid.     '
What   about
your   neighbor's
party will came into power, amt th*
Importation of arms becomes a
vital question.
.  Oor. Hastings tnd Richards       '
Phonii;   s«y. tos: mtt. amt,
We liavo the beat equipped
eanitarMm and the oaly ono
of It* Und neat of Now York
Olty. If yon want the best
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I We have grown by I
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M that dark hour wh*n *ympa-
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much—call up
Pbone Fsirmont M
Prompt Ambulance Service
"A Oood Placo to iot"
Solutions of telephone problem* are
nearly slwsri nuds in advance of
necessity. Improvements are eiperi-
mented with constantly so tbat ths
standard of service may he at sll
times the vary best. '41 ia aat that
* standard may be maintained, bat
that the atandard may continuo le be
as close to perfection u It Is hnmanly
possiblo to htve It. Problems of
speed, acenraey and transmission ora
always before telephone engineers,
and the great and precise mechanism
through which tta volume and cam-
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Me mechanically perfect In the light
ef present Invention.
when you ask ran
Md Non-oloohollo wine* of nil
You may wish to help Tb* Fed-
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■ending In tbe subscription of youg
friend or neighbor.
"A remarkable took by a remarkable man."—Tha freethinker.
Analysed and Contrasted from tha Marxian
S,"_,D,rW-"-llul *•'«•" •' View. By Blabop
William Montgomery Brown, D-D. Ita Bold
|Mommendatlona: Banish tke Oods from th*
Skies tnd Capitalist! from the Earth aai
make lha World safe for Industrial Oata-
S'"1*?'.,.- _    *_¥*>*% October, MM.
_   _. . venty-Kftt Thousand now ready. Pp. IM.
{_!_£ ___._ ^m"^ ■"»••"• ■«««!« by famine In __<•____.
S-ftoZ bn-irr*" * mMh d0ltar to U*m •UUI mwb ean»
.. im^kskwst &«_;_„*•* *"«~**
M-yfl-S&ffi * *°**"*** **** ** *** »»• *«••«« crisis 1. all his. ^ws_*a_cs
-.March  14,  1*11
.. me p«l yo"
_jo»lk la ettet wl»
B«tk «**w •}«
rears to ,yonr Me,
ay    nothing    of
comfort     and
ileasuro It will givo
A Tooth Abscess is Like
a Thief in the Night
THS moit dangerous feature of tooth-
root infection ts that it is lilte a thiel
in thd night, neither Been nor felt A
colony of bacteria may lodge at the end of
a tooth root arid the owner of the tooth
be none the wiser. He may suiter poor,
health generally: rhempatism, hoart
trouble, kidney affection, nervousness,. insanity or stomach trouble may'attack him,
ami y-et tho, offending tooth never be suspected of being the cause of the suffering.
Don't neglect your teeth. 92 per cent, of
tfie men and women whose teeth have been
X-Rayod at the Life Extension Institute
have showed root absessea. Fully 60 per
cent, of theae did not even suspect the
Dr. Brett Anderson
[iBank of Nova Scotia Bid;.      602 Hastings Stnet West
Comer Soymour
X-Ray Snrvice
llfminateB guess
tferve Blocking ollav
natcs  pain.
me   tadsr—
laat—for   sa
England aad Genoa
k H. BRETT ANDKBBON, toxtojnly numbs* of the Faculty of tta
f College ot Dentistry, University of " " '     "     	
II  College of Dentistry, ifntvertity of Southern California, Leetnrer
on Crown and Bridgework, Den-onstrator la PUtework and Optra*
tivo Dentistry, local sad Oeneral Anaesthesia.
Vancouver Unions
 —Meeta   second   Monday    in    Oe
■lib.   President, J. S. White;  seers-
■rrR H. MeeUaiUi P. 0. Bos 86,
 aytrs or mwosa for boiler
ete,.   or  Barbie
ied brlcklsyers or maeoi
■ki,   ete.,  or Marblo Himn, .
Jpktoyera' Union, Labor Temple.
__EVX0K ne* meeta aeco»4 an*
Wh Wednesdays af eack month, at 01
Hon at Wi, at • ba Jos. -sn_u,
__-. fi. U.—Pnaldaat, H. Grand; aeen*
Ml, 0. 0. IliUer.   Meata In] and dth
tfnaaday in saoh month in Pender Hall,
jeer of Fender  and  Hove   atresia.
We Beyiaour _81.
KeeceUllea.    Ueal    t«»_—OBe. aad
,  US  Cardan II. W.    HeeU hat
third   Md*jr_,   •
1. Klmai buinea* -feat,
leala Irst
•fnt. t.
Of    CANADA—Ab     India
unlon of sll workers la log-
. snd eonatrnettoa campa. Oosat Wail snd General BndqssrtofSu 01 Oms
a 81. W-, Vsnooaier, B. 0. Phont Sey.
'". J, K, Clarke, general incrotary-
inrcr; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
donald S Co., Vaneonver, B. O.i audi-
Messrs. Butter b Chiene, Vancou-
" 0.
C—Formerly Firemen and Olirrs'
-on of British Columbia—Moeting
!ht, Irst nd third Vedaeaday of eaeh
nth at 10* Hai* Street. President,
Williams; vl.--prnUi.nt, R. Monwl
reta-y-treaairer, W. Donaldson. Ad*
iu, 10) Main Street, Vaneonver, B. 0.
jtoria Braneh. Agent's address, W,
inold, 0Q*l J.-tlioa St., Vietoria, B. 0.
Iratora ud Papernangeri of America,
boal 1-1, Vaneourer—Moeta and and
ih Thursdays at 14> Cordora St. W.
hone Bey. S491. Business agent. R. A.
fetal aeeretary and baileaaa agent,"ti
won.   Fho**_Beymoor 901.       i
Westmihstar, meets every flrst Ond
{Ird Friday in the Labor Templo, Royal
reoua and 7th Street.    Engineers sup-
led.    Address Seoretary,  1040 Hsmil*
l   Street,   Ra*   Westminster,   B.   0.
tone S03Y.
■America, Loeal Mo. 178—Meetings held
Jft Monday in eaeh month, 8 p.m. Pres*
mt, A. R. fiatanbyi vise-president, D.
wson;   reeordlng   eecretary,    0.   Ho-
Rnald, P. 0. Boi 608; flnanclal eecro-
y. T. Templeton. P. 0. Box    '
■Kmployoea, Pioneer Division, Ma. 101
■lleeta A. 0. F. Hall, Mount Pleasant
it and Srd Mondaya at 10.15 a.m. and i
Bo. Pretident, F. A. Hoover. 3409 Clarke
■ive; recordlng'Seeretsry, F. B. Origin,
■7—Sth Avenne East; treaaurer, h. a
■aveland; flnancial-secretary and bus!
W. H. Cottrell. 4308 Dum;
_,._ . | Olto aeratr Frier aid Hew
f_  Phone fair 8804R.
EPO0RAPHI0AL   D.N'I-.N   No.    -30
leeta laet Bunday of each month at
p.m.    President, 0. H. Collier; vfee*
sident.    E.    H.    Oougb;    aeeretary*
" " H. Reola-da, Box ee.
Provincial Unions
rannm lupin, a. a.
Coorelt, 0. B, IT. Branchea: Prlnee
ipert Dlitrlet FlsberlM Board, O.B.D.;
•lalllferoua Miners' District Board,
.B.O. Beerearytreaanrer, P. 0. Boi
1*1. Prince Rupert	
P""io greatest assistance that tha
en ol Tbe FedoraUonlat can
er tl* at this time, I* by seeur.
i new subscriber. By doing tm,
spread the item of the work-
.las* movement and assist a*
Cold Facts of the
South African Strike
(Continued from pag* 1)
offering "protection by th* full
power) of th* atate." Th* next day
picketing waa forbidden and picket* wer* arretted. The week after
that the papera reported the flrst
case* df serious violence. ■
The government replied by
strengthening Its armed force* and
sending airplanes to patrol the
Rand. Meanwhile the strikers
formed Into "commandoes." most:
ly armed. The ((rat firing was the
result of the attempt by police to
break up a demonstration march.
One or two strikers wer* killed.
Troops and more armed police
were imported into tho towns with
airplanes March -8,  .
The earn* day saw ugly attacks
on natives by Isolated 'Individuals
and small groups. Twenty-five natives were killed. Th* Industrinl
Fedoration and also the extremist
labor groups Issued strong appeals
for a cessation of these attacks.
March 10 spasmodic encounters
suddenly developed into something
like civil War.
The accounts have (wen confused, Some versions allege that
the striker* attempted to taptuie
Johannesburg. This is very doubtful. It seems moro probable that
when the governmont troops were
quite ready they began attacking
outlying districts where commandoes were concentrated.
Bombed Lubor nails
Government airplane* bombed
all chief labor center*, triumphantly reporting a "direct hit" on the
Benonl Trade and. Labor hall.
Eighty persona were killed March
10 and one hundred Maroh 11. The
losses of_ police and troops were
very small.
The strikers seem to hav* put up
a strong flght but have gradually
been surrounded and captured.
Fordsburg was the last point to
hold out. The commandoes are
breaking away to tho hills.
Later dispatches state: The general strike which centered in
Johannesburg, Union of South
Africa, and resulted in severe fit. ht-J
Ing after a provocative strike1
breaking trtanlfesto by Premier Jan
Smut*, has beon callod off by thc
Industrial Federation, according
to .snorts received here.
Over 6000 strikers are under
arrest. Th* principal leaders were
killed whatt' government airplanes
dropped bombs on the trad* council hall.  -
Dance Saturday.
Don't forget the dance on Saturday night in tho Pender Hall,
corner of Pender and Howe Streeta.
Good music, a fine floor and evory
accommodation.' Admission, gents
50c, ladies 2Bc.
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modem
Rates Hcusonnble
By M. Philips Prlc*
"lip to the Cann**. confer**-*
Lloyd Qeorge bad succeeded ii
considerably strengthening ht*
position and that of the ruling
classea of England In international
affairs. He had made peace with
Ireland, averted a struggle for naval supremacy with America and
had the prospects of curbing
Frenoh militarism on thet continent
.of Europe by bringing in German
capitalism, newly arisen out of the
ashes of tbo Oerman Revolution,
Into an international finance consortium for th* exploitation of
.Central Europe and Russia, But
the fall of M, Briand and the rise
to power of _I. Poincare again has
put a spoke ln his plans. The systematic attempts now made by the
Fronch government to sabotage
the Genoa Conference, aided by th*
fforthcliffo preaa In England, and
the continued tendency of America to avoid direct'participation In
European affairs, in order that tt
»ay' moro efteotTvely exert pr*»»-
uro on the capitalist government*
to pay In their war debt*, HU
Weakened Lloyd George's position
one* more and brought his government before another crisis.
But If the International position
of th* Britlah ruling classes ha*
not Improved during the laat
month, Its internal position It becoming exceedingly critical. It Is
up against two problems, which
appear, for the moment at least, te
be quite insoluble. The first Is the
cataatrophlc state of the Imperial
finance- (a huge but as yet On-
known deficit I* expected In the
next Budget). Th? second is an unprecedented revolutionary wave in
Egypt and India,—theae two bulwarks ot British Imperialism In the
Eaat. In order to deal with the
situation Lloyd George's govern,
ment Is obliged to use alt art* ef
trickery and make-believe.
Let us take the first problem.
How ia Lloyd George trying to
grapple with hts financial difficulties, The condition bf trade ahow*
no signs of improvement. Th* fig-
urea for export and import for
December of last year were the
lowest recorded. The number of
unemployed shows no sign* of
abatement. The revenue from Indirect taxation, customs and excise
are decreasing and America is
pressing for the payment of Interest and sinking fund on lta debt.
There Is therefore only one thing
for Lloyd ficorge to do" nnd that is
drastically to cut down atat* expenditure. The Northcliffe press
has been clever enough to understand the position and in the hopes
of gaining popularity with the
petty bourgeoise has been running
a big "economy campaign" for
several months past. The government has appointed n special committee under the.presidency of the
Canadian financier, Sir Auckland
Geddes, to roport on thc possibility of reducing the national expen.
Far Tveaty Tsars w* km leaned this Oaten Stamp for nso nadot sat
on «_jfp Draws:
Peaceful Collective Bargaining -
Forbids Both SirUta* aad Lockouts
Disputes Sottled by ArbiUaUoa
Steady Brnployamt aad Skilled Workmaathl*
Frampt Deliveries te Dealers aad PahBa
Peace aad Success to Woisors and Brnploysn
Protperity of Sho* Matlag CoauauUlei
Aa loyal aaloa maa aad wmee, wa ash
m to demsnd ahoa* healing  tto  tton
■    Staap oa Sale, laeele ot Dalai.
FOB  0
Lovely, Ooaor-l Fr___)e«t    OaWM *■ *-**, Ooaefal SOe.THai.
fiwk Ont Flowers, Ftmoru Dengue, Wedding Bo_qn«ts, Pot nuts
OmuMitil snd Shad* Tie**, Soott, Bulbs, florists' Sundrta*
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
raonisM amd mt-mstu-*
« Hutlngi stmt Som ltt Oranvlll* Street
"tojBOlst -M471 Seymour 0-13
The I M.T. 1 Loggers' Boot
Mall orders perseaslly attseded |*
Guaranteed to Mold Caulk, ud Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS ft SON
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Plus. Seymoar tM .   Repairs Dona While Toa Wall
Last Saturday about 300 -ot our
customers got dlsappolnteu because they were too late in getting down to get their uaual
Pork Shoulder. If you were
one of them don't be late this
Saturday.   Come on Friday.
Our Pork Shoulders only weigh
from 4 to 8 lbs'.' and are of excellent quality.   Special for Friday and Saturday,     | Wl
Per lb      1 f 2 C
Slater's Pot Roasts    f f*! —
from, per lb     Id_i2 C
Oven Roasts  from,
Prime  Hulling  Beef
from, per lb	
Prime Boneless Stew
Beof, per lb	
Genuine-Calves Liver,
per lb _	
Don't rorget to give our Main
Street store a look over. We are
selling Fresh Meat, Ham, Bacon, Butter and F.kks at downtown prices. Meat Department
under new management.
Middle Cuts Pork
only, lb	
Slater's Streaky Bacon, on
sale Saturday morning from
7 a.m. to 11 a-m.: half
wholo slabs;
per lb	
To be had at  tha  Haatings
'    Street Store only.
Slater's Famow Roll
Bacon, 3 lbs. for	
Slater's famou* Picnic Hama,
Z. 23|c
Alberta Creamery
Butter, 8 lba. for..
Finest New Zealand OB.
Buter, 2 lbs  OOC
Chilllwack Spud*,
per sack 	
B. C. Fresh Bggs,
3 doz. for	
B, a Freah Bggs,
orders, 3 dozen
with   mtat
Slater's Foar Stores
fdltur* by 176 million pounds.sterling. 75 millions ha* already been
cut down by dlaaolvlng certain
State department*, and reducing
tho staff- of others but there re-
maina 100 million more to cut off,
if the budget Is to be balanced. So
far aa ia known, the committee ha*
only succeeded in drawing up a
plan tor reducing expenditure by
75 millions, leaving 28 millions still
to be eut -down. Qf these 76
millions It Ib propoaed to find 45
million* by reducing the expenditure on the Army, Navy and the Air
Services. Here one may see' the
importance of the Washington
Conference from the point Qf view'
of the flnanclal stability of the
British empire. At the cost of
having to bow to the dictatorship
of president Harding, accept hi*
battleship ratio and abandon the
alliance with Japan, Uoyd George
obtains the possibility of Baving a
considerable aum 6$ . money. .As
oil the-clear-sighted labor element*.
In England saw from the flrst, the
Washington Conference, waa merely „>'w8VlSS .2 9flY- wo--_ -.ph^l".
lsm from bankruptcy.
But in addition to the reduction
on armaments the Geddes Committee forsecs a reduction of 31
millions on varloua department*
connected'with the social welfare
ef the wide masses. Thus it Is
proposed to cut down 18 million*
on education and to force school
teachers fo accept lower salaries
and to Increase the numbor .ot pupils In eaoh class. The dismissal
of larg* number* of school ttiteit.
era will also have to take place,
lf these plan* are carried out. Peii^
slons for war-invalids and the expenses of the .Ministry of Health
are to be reduced by aome 8 millions. Thus Lloyd Oeorge hones to
be spared the disgrace of coming
before the Bngllsh elector* as the
man - whose government bankrupted England, by reducing expenditure on armaments and imposing the rest of the burden on
the laboring masses by lowering
the standard of living and depriving them to those small advantages
which they have hitherto been able
to acquire under capitalist society.
In the flrst case ho will receivo the
support of tho petty bourgeoise,
who are tired of armaments and
war, and In the seoond'place be
will be able to appeal to them aa
thc man who practiced economy.
Here, of course, he may wreck his
govornment. Already thero is
great opposition aroused by hi*
economy plan among the great
spending department*, particularly the Army, Navy and Air Services, whose cose ls being championed by Winston Churchill. The
latter person realises that unless
the rulers of England have sufficient aeroplanes and poison gas.
bombs to throw on the villages of
Indiana and Egyptians, even the
glories of the British Empiro, like
the glorle* of Ivan the Terrible,
will .fade away. Also the mere-
fact that Lloyd George, in tho day*
of his radicalism, agitated for and
achieved considerable social reforms, all of which are now to be
thrown on the scrap-heap, ln order
to prevent the necessity of taxing
the landlords and the Industry
magnates, is likely to Increase his
unpopularity in wide circles of the
Once more he ls at wits' end to
flnd some popular cry, with which
he can divert popular attention
from understanding the truo state
of England. He still hopes that
Genoa will provide one of these
diversions and that it may also
holp to solve some of the problems
with which he is confronted. To
ally himself with Herr Rathcnau
and Herr Stlnnes and together to
harness the -Hug-inn Revolution
and the technique of German industry to nn International finance
consortium—that Is Btill a very
attractive project, but ono which is
no less danKorous to the proletariat of Central ond Eastern Europe
than the policy of open brigandage, pursu. d by M. Poincare. And
this ls really at the bottom of aH
so-called "Liberal" tendencies of
English politics today. As the Conference of the Liberal Party In
Manchester last month showed, the
"Freo Liberal" opponents of Lloyd
George, tn spite of all their oratory
and invective, had nothing positive
to propose ns an alternative to the
wing of thc Coalition, which Lloyd
George now intends to call the
"National Liberal Party." In spite
of Lord Grey's criticism- on foreign policy, everyone knows that
lt was he who was responsible for'
bringing England Into the war on
thc basis of a secret treaty with
France. In spite of Mr. Asquith'*
attack* on Lloyd George for th*
period of torror in ht* Irish policy
last y*ar, everyone knows that It
was he who murdered the Irish revolutionaries at Easter 1918 and
that he is the man, who has the
blood of .Tames Connolly on hi*
conscience. Thus all the lights that
arc now going on In England between Lloyd George's National
Liberals and Asqulth's Free L. er-
als, between the Northcliffe press
and Lloyd George and between the
Conservative "Dle-Harda" and th*
Coalition ar* nothing else than
sham fights between various elements of the Britlah ruling classea.
To tome extent they ar* based on
personal' animosities, but to th*
greater extent they are staged In
order to mislead the masses Into
the Idea that. If Lloyd George's
Coalition goes, something mors
progressive will take Its place, Th*
real nature of these conflict* may
be seen by the difference of opinio*,, which has arisen over the
qtiStlon ot the reform of the
House of Lords. Th* Conservative
"Die-Hards" do not want a General Election, until th* Hou** of
Lord* hu been reformed in auch
a way a* to give It book lt* old
privileges, to stop all revolutionary legislation, which may be
passed by the Hou*. of Common*.
Lloyd George, on the other hand,
would flght the danger-ot a Labor govornment getting Into power
In England, by finding a good
electioneering cry to throw dust In
the eyea of the Britlah proletariat
and to prerent it from realising th.
true state of affairs.
As regards the seoond problem
before the Coalition—the question
of India and Egypt—it I* very difficult to say anything positive. No
reii_J>le Information haa come from
these countrios for some weeks.
The cen_or_Wp »■» -topped th*
publication of teiegraphlo despatoh** from Bomb*/ t• th. "Dally
Herald," because "their publics- Iftanman
tlon is considered nndeslrable byl^^™™
the,au)hor(!ies." All that Is known
is *i»*t lhd|a ls tn a state of rebellion against British rule. The pacifist 'Ghandi hds now complete control Over the National movement
and, Is organising a gigantic general; strike, .whieh include* the non-
paanent of taxes. The Britiah
authorities) are considering
whether to, arrest and deport him
arid- meanwhile have fllled the
prtsun.. of India with thouaands of
revolutionaries whom they are
treating wittf the accustomed bar-
baritv- Meanwhile a pleasant
young.gentleman, called tbe Prince
of-Wales, Is led like a prist ox
round, the towns bf India and is
duly photographed, receiving the
homage of intimidated Indians,
annqnuclng their loyalty to England At the rate.of 5 rupees a day,
and the photographs are produced
.by'tho, Northciiite qnd other bottle-
va.-d press aa proof qf the loyalty
pf'fpdla to the British Empire.
Thus the Genoa Conference und
the "ij-j. m In the tea-cup" over the
Reform of the House of Lord* are
but convenient e^ouses for .^.^.'^'
(Centlnued from peg* 1)
buried at sea, ud th* tseajnen
claim that the conditions are much
won* on the government vessel*
than on any other line.
The men who were recently arrested for refusing to work with a
non-union man on the steamer Canadian Winner, are now at liberty,
thanks to the untiring efforts qf th.
Federated Seamen's Union of- British Columbia, and thai sum o*
$251.26 was received by voluntary
subscriptions, and a dance, which
waa held in the Pender Hall for
their defence. The organization Intends, to keep up the flght until
decent conditions are obtained1 on.
the, government ships.
H.<irfe Inside Xmk
An opportunity to bay ffopd shoes that we are
Mut ashamed of, at a. price wfthiji everybody's
reach. These are not job tots er hnken sizesj
but are refidar lines bwjfht tot am Sg&r
bsA%. "
ing up the flpai_3al *_-.„„,„„ w the
?rUiah IS-P^rt, a('hon,o and the
r'—s tide of revolution' in its
Asiatic dependencies,—-[Note by
Sdltor: Gandhi has since been arrested.]
Chinese Sailors
Win Complete Victory
) (Continued from pago 1)
Were concerned ovor th* turn  qf
Sentimont among the . Chinese
wa_, so universally in favor of the
aiim? that H vraj fl'ffljult Jjj jj-
crut*, strike-breakers. Most'of them
mre obtained trom the riff-raff of
the ,city, the criminals in the city
Jails being given their freedom' if
thoy -would act as strikebreakers.
The strikebreakers were paid three
tiqiea, the regular wage rate.
;   '   Unable to Discharge
llifny ships' coming into "Hongkong, were unable to discharge
their cargoes. The Bay State, a
shipping board ship, operated by
the Admiral line, and the latest
ship to return from the Orient, was
forced to leave Hongkong only
partially unloaded.
The Bay State left Seattle with
Chinese crew. Lubor organizations and the American Legion
protested against the hiring of
Chinese bn American boats at the
time of the 'departure, but immi-
grhtton officials passed the crew.
. "The crew, on arriving in Honk-
kong and learning of the strike,
Immediately left, the ship, some not
waiting for their pay. The Bay
State lay ln Hongkong for several
days until the Wcnatchee, another
shipping board boat operated by
the same company, arrived from
Mknlla with 500 Filipinos. Half
the-number were transferred to the
Bay State to tako the place of the
strikers. They were for the most
part inexperienced. Friction arose
between the whites and the. Fill'
pinos. The Inexperienced crew In
the. engine room caused the regular men extra work. So roughly
were the Filipinos treated that
many of them quit on arriving ln
The causes of the strike and tho
demands of the strikers are hard
to determine. The Chinese are
suspicious of all whites, and tho
British were Inclined to make light
ot the strike by saying the Chinese
did not know what thoy were
striking for. The terms of the
settlement have not been learned,
except that the demands of the
strikers were met by the employers.
Three Demands
A youhg Chinese, born and edu
cated In America,, wbo returned on,
tho Bay State, stated there, were
three chief demands: The abolition of tho coinprndoro system
(the mothod of hiring crews
through'a labor contracting agency
which charges a commission of
about one-third the wages made
on the lob); that all ships and
boats running on coastwise and Inland waters be manned entirely by
Chinese crew*, from captains to
deckhunds, and an increase of 40
per cent, ln wSges.
My informant stuted that thousands of strikers had been deported
by the British from Hongkong to
Canton until it was found that
the strikers immediately upon
their arrival in Canton were taken
care of by the union. Three meals
a day, tickets to movies, and three
cents a day were paid them.
-There'Was some mystery about
the source of the funds. The young
Chinese gave It as his opinion that
tho treasury of the Seamen's union
was sufficient to care tor their
needs. From other sources it is
asserted that the Chinese business
men supported the strikers and
supplied them with funda in the
hope of diverting shipping from
the British at Hongkong to the
Chinese at Canton.
The union ot Chines* seamen ls
sold to tak* In all Chinese sailors
sailing on ships ot all nationalities,
ftt haa been organized for some
time. An echo of the strike was
heard and an arm of the union felt
In Everett, Wash., when the Cath-
way, a former shipping board ship,
reeently purchased by the Robert
Dollar line, come Into that port.
Twenty-flve of the Chinese crew of
(1 attempted te leave the ship.
They were i.'eaten baok by guard*
and longshoremen and placed ln
chains to b* dealt with when" they
arrive,at the first British port.
At Hongkong. It wa* Imposslbl*
for any whit* sailors to get ashore.
The Filipinos were warnad against
going ashore but one night three
of them slipped away In a sampan.
Tlie headleas bodies of two ef them
were found In an alley the next
day. The other, when attacked,
fled to th* British troops and was
Heretofore It has been comparatively easy to break the spirit of
striker* in Hongkong and the territory occupied by the Britiah. The
leader* would be arrested, * few of
the striker* clubbed by th* police
ahd the strike would bt or«r. This
time the aame tactics were used.
The heads of the seaman'* organlutlon were arrested and the
guards let loose upon th* strikers.
A new spirit prevailed and the
strike wa* won.
(Continued from Page 1)
Secretary of War Weeka and Seeretary of the Navy D*nby ar* *ven
moro "hard-boiled" than Mellon
and ttougherty. They would probably welcome an opportunity to
warn Harding agalnat any inter*
vention when the operatora seemed
lo have a chance to restore feudal
conditions in the coal fields of th*
Central States. Each has slashed
th* wages of governmont employeea
under his control in brusque disregard of the appeals of the unions
for negotiation of the issue.    ,
Seeretary of Labor Davis, who I*
counted as a mere, hand-shaking
ornament to the official family, with
neHher authority nor Influence, is
permitted to announce that th*
government "cannot and wlli not"
take any step to prevent the strike,
except to "suggest" that the operatora meet the union spokesmen Ih
vonferencs before they arejssffrjr
latlons. fie explains that after the
strike has gone on long enough to
prove that the public Is Buffering
for want of coal, the government
will be ln a position to go into court
and ask for injunctions compelling
a resumption of mining.
Different ln IM*
It was far different in the fall
of 1HJ, when Judge Anderson enjoined the miners, under the Lever
Act, from stopping work. At that
time the operators were resisting
an Increase in wages, and the miners had to act. Now, when the operators want to starve the minera
into taking a reduction tn wages
and a surrender of working conditions, the administration finds Itself powerless to prevent the operators from undertaking the flght
even though such a Btruggle one.
_t..i*ted will be almost Impossible to
As though to emphasize the class
character of the govornment at this
moment, the United Skate* supreme
court dismissed the appeal of coun-
<-I for Alexander Howat and the
Kansas eoal miners' organization
ngainst the constitutionality of the
Kansas Industrial Court Act. The
supreme court find* Itaelf without
authority to deal with th* ease,
Howat and hla organisation must
flght tt out In Kansas.
Coal operators' lobbyists here are
trying to learn the probable
strength of the alliance- made by
the railroad labor orgainxationa
with the United Mine Workera and
the Longshoremen, laat month, at
Chicago. They are taking precautions lost a part of the railroad
workors start to throw In their lot
with the coal miners after the coal
strike is undor way. ~
The miners sny they do not anticipate a rail strike ln connection
with their own defensive suspension
of work.
La£e£ new C*N$ffeJ£. Shoes and Oxfords,
with Qoodyear-^eiK soles, genuine calfskS
m mi U%ew, ia brown and black. Your style
of tOe ah;} Owe with Cubtta Baby Louis and
Jj_-1__   *-•*.       flu ii Twin*   cu.if _M_.a__l-__K.___a
__£_.  Our wueiMBd
. $5*95
Men's Solid Leather Dress Shoes that were a
_ bona fide value at $9.00 per pair. You save exactly $2.05 on this price at our week-end sale.
Brown and Hack calf skill with welted soles and
solid leather throughout Made in three lasts
—a recede, medium and high toe. dSfl AS
Our week-end price is.
For Better Shoe Repairing
Bring Your Shoei Here
51 Hastings W.
lust what yod hat* bean waiting tet—
The ex-Sorvlce Men'* Magnzln* that recognise, th* class struggle,
endorsed by th* National EieeutW. Board, Wtrit War Veteran*.
The Soldier-Worker direct* It* att**** against th* CAUSE of war
Send for free sample copy, or mail tl to Iho Soldier-Worker,
Box Hl», Butte, Moat., and get th. only Workers' ei-Servio*
■■ Hen'* Hagaaiu for 1! month*. aOA*
(By The Federated Press)
London.—On hts return iron
America, E. T. Whitehead ot tit*
Workera* Internationa, famine relief committee, was met at Southampton by men of th. Britlah secret service, snd relieved of all hi*
papers, note boks, document* and
printed matter relating either to
the famine, or to the American
labor movement, also of his passport and credentials.
Seattle.—A Job for Jobless week,
is the proposal of laber unionist,
here, If America is to continue to
be afflicted with an Innumerable'
succession of "weeks" to boost
commercial enterprises. -Giving
over one week to thought about
unemployment, its relief ahd cure.
would help business more than all
the special weeks now confusing
the public It la av»rr*«_.     ■
We mln Ud_«'
Bifirt In* fn VtMsmr
—the equal in style aad smart-
ness of any offered te Oaaada.
_4%E8T.-** •«—'
lor you ckoos_j_Lg.
Wo offtr tboio
flUrirlwrt bocuao trt   doal  tfmt-
Cloak A Salt Oo, '
*u tutstam wt. nut «_**»__»
Asks That All Give Freely and to the Last Dollar and the Laat Penny to the
Friends of Soviet Russia
EUGENE V. DEBS, from his home in Terre Haute, lias issued in appeal for famine relief
for Soviet Kussio which every American worker will heed. Deeply sympathizing with
the struggle of the workers in Russia in their fight against the heartless rating clasa of tha
world, he calls upon everyone to give the starving in Bussia "the bread we hold in our hands."
The appeal for contributions for Russian famine relief by Eugene V. Debs follows:
"Where the bravest of our comrades have fought and suffered and sacrificed their all with
a sublime heroism that has no parallel in history; where the embattled Russian rcvolutionista
have staunchly stood and held their ground against the combined powers of the world's despotism and reaction in the war of thc workers for liberation, there are two millions of men,
women and children stricken with gaunt hunger and writhing in the skeleton clutch of starvation. These Russian comrades of ours whose matchless valor and self-sacrifice have thrilled
and inspired the workers of all nations and challenged thc plaudits of the whole world, now
look to you, American workers, to come to their rescue in thc desperate crisis now upon them
and save them to humanity in the rebuilding of the ruined world.
"These heroes in Russia who have immortalized thcir cause, our cause, who have paid in
overflowing measure in blood and tears and agony unspeakable, the price of thcir fidelity and
devotion to the oppressed and exploited toilers not only of their own land but of the whole
world, now appeal to us for the food that shall save them from perishing as hostages to starvation, and shall wc now fail to return in small part what we owe them for what they have
suffered in thc awful years of the revolution to break the fetters of labor everywhere and set
humanity free from the curse of the ages!
"In Russia our comrades have suffered beyond the power of words to express to save us
suffering; they have gone hungry and naked that we might be fed and clothed; they have-
bared their heroic breasts to the bayonets and bullets of a hostilo and heartless ruling claaa
world to give liverty to the human raee, and shall these martyr spirits, these glorious souls
and their helpless children, now bc permitted to die ignominiously for the want of the bread
we hold in our hands. '
"No, a thousand times nol We should merit eternal reproach for our recreancy if we failed
in this crucial hour to give and to give promptly, and to give again and again to the full limit
of onr power.
"The starving workers and peasants of Soviet Russia cry aloud to us in the throes Of their
desperation and agony, and unless our hearts are of stone we can hear them by day and by
night, and I appeal to overy member of the American working class, to every man, woman and
child with sympathy for starving fellow-creatures, to every human being responsive to human
suffering within reach of my voice, to give and give at once, and give freely, and to the last
dollar and the last penny that may be spared to the Friends of Soviet Russia, swelling th*
present contributions an hundredfold, for tho relief as far as possible of the awful famine it
the struggling Soviet Republic, and for the rescue of the millions of its threatened victims
whoso eruel and shocking fste would forever shame our common humanity and leave a foo]
and damning blot on our vaunted civilization."
One dollar and fifty eent* I* th*
cost for a alx months subscription
tn th* Federatlonist.,
American workers denlring to rtwiamd lo Ihis appeal by Kugouo V. _____ arc oalled upon by the 1 Mend*
of Soviet Hues-* to SIGN TIIE ROLL CALL and OIVK. A roll rail of all friends of Soviet Rusaia Is In,Ing
taken hy tin) F. 8. Ik Tho Ron flsll Book will go forward with shipments nf food made before Hay let,
and will bo deposited In tlie archive* of Soviet ituwila as an attestation of international solidarity, as proof
that yon helped Soviet Raada when she needed help moat Write the Friends of Soviet Russia, 2*1 West
nth Street, New York Olty. aad say:   "I want to >lgn and five." PAGE TOUR
fourteenth year, no. it   i ti_ UKl l^SH -KULUMBIA FEDERATIONIST .vaxcouvbb. a a
FRIDAY   March 14,
Says They Have Gone as
Far as Possible in
Some Snappy Spring
BIG NEW SHIPMENTS of the liveliest and niftiest
•***' new Spring Shirts we've had for years arriving
every day now. You'll find here the widest possible
latitude of choice as to patterns and colors. Fashion
favors stripes—botti plain and fancy—this year. A
handfeome series is in pin stripes arranged in groups
to form wider patterns. Pale greens, lavenders and
blues are most attractive. Materials are cottons, cambrics, repps. A new group in a new material called
"oatmeal." "Stouts" and special sizes for large men
included. Specially recommended is the group priced,
for this quality, last year—$2.50, $3.50 and $4—now
$1.90 -$2.15 -$2.45
JJT A TT     /\TJT\17DG    S*.nd ''". »n,-*,lnillc*t8 coIor antl P»ttern_r with
price.   All   orden
tent   express   prepaid   and
*y#or J—<y> wtth T yoarmomty
Out uv. tbe above, Ull in the. amount you are willing to
give tb the defense of The Federationist, and forward it
along with your contribution to the B. 0; Federationist,
Ltd., 342 Pender Street West, Vancouver, B. 0. The money
will be needed if adequate defense of the paper is to be
World News in Brief Paragraphs
•ovist .easel to visit Blyth arrived
at the end ol laat week, to take a
•argo of coaL Conditions ot labor
•beard wtr* aaid te ho excellent.
The ve***l earrle* aa unusually
large number of men for lta lis*.
Sydney, N. & Walt*.—Coal operator* throughout Australia are trying to *eeure a eut In th* wagea of
the miner*. Aa a preliminary they
have Invited the representatives ot
the miner* to a conference to discuss wagea ia th* lnduitry.
Th* miner*' representatives
have refused to meet the coal
ownera and state that they are prepared to light any attempt to reduce wage*.
London.-The     tat     Rua_lan*>i„g tour ln jh; lnt,.,Mt 0, an Enr
(By The Federated Press)
New Tork.—Robert Minor, perhaps the best known labor cartoonist In the world, and a Journalist of- International fame, starts
March 19 on a nation-wide speak-
Its Cause
Its Effect
Its Cure
Dr. W.Lee Holder
Sey. 8.38      Vanconver, B.C.
Teaching Diet by Mall la a
Proven Success.
llsh dally newspaper to be published hy th* Worker*' party of
America, of the central executive
committee of which he ia a mem-
Hi* Ilrst appearance will be ln
New Tork City. Other meetings
will be held In Newark, N. J„
Paterson, Jersey City, Trenton,
Reading, pa., Baltimore, Philadelphia.
(By The Federated Presa)
Vienna.—The executives of organised labor In Austria have decided upon the  following   unemployment relief measures:
The government, and especially
the -ministry for transport and
public works, will be aaked to begin undertakings long overdue.
Work shall be provided by the
municipality of Vienna, largely
through the opening of building
construction. A new law ahall be
submitted to parliament raising
unemployment doles to the level of
the Increased costs of subsistence.
The trade unions themselves shall
levy an extra tax on their members
for the support of the Jobless.
(By The Federated Press)
Vienna.—Of 270 Socialists on
trial at Bukarest, 60, including
both Social Demonorats and Communists; have been released. This
measure is due to the government's desire to capture workers'
voteB at the general eleetion. The
remaining 220 prisoners are continuing the hunger strike. The
London Daily Herald and L'Humanlte have been prohibited in Rumania.
Ottawa.—Thomas Bell, Toronto,
organizer for the Workers' Party
of Canada, outlined the alms nnd
objects of the Workers' Pnrty in an
address before the local branch of
the party.
"To consolidate the existing labor organizations and develop
them into organs of militant
struggle against capitalism, to permeate the labor unions and strive
to replace the present leadership
by revolutionary leadership is our
task," Bell declared. "We will
participate in the elections and tho
general political life ot the country. We will work for the overthrow of capitalism by the conquest of political power and the
establishment of a working-class
dictatorship and a workera' republic."
Glace, Bay, Nova Scotia.—Aa the
result of tbe town election March 7
for Glace Bay, three labor councilors were returned by acclamation
and three labor councilors defeated.
D. W. Morlsaon, labor member
of the Halifax legislature, wa* elected mayor by a 60 per cent, majority. With the alx holdover
councilors from laat year, labor
ha* a majority of the council. Morrison i* th* town'* flnt labor
Brisbane, Queensland. — The
Queensland labor government I*
investigating trick* resorted to by
dry good* atores In connection with
"bargain" sales. It 1* asserted that
Instead of making bona-flde reductions at aale time, In reality they
load the prices often by 60 per
cent., then make a reduction on
the loaded price. The government intend* to atop this deception.
Paris.—Eleven trades unions of
government employes have been
dissolved by an order of the Paris
criminal court and a number of
officials were fined for' disregarding a. government bill prohibiting
labor organizations among government employes.
Previously acknowledged .
I* B. Seney , ;	
W; N. Giegnioh'.............wi
Pedor Anderson .-.._...
Oscar J. Olson  ...:
A Slave 	
F. Home	
Blno Lind	
1$, W. Nelson 	
T. Ahola 	
:.   2.00
, '1.00
,. 1.00
.   '   J.00
. 2.60
.      2.60
_______________________ 1;0°
Statement of monies collected by
Winnipeg Central Labor Council,
O. B. U., for the B. C. Foderationist defence fund:
A. A. Heaps I 6.00
A. Statten  76
A.  Etche  „. .....;....._.   4.00
L. Ruddlesden     1.00
Elmwood Women's O. B. U.
Auxiliary  10.00
Street Rly. Employees' Unit,
O. B. U  16.00
S. J. Roae     1.00
General  Workera'   Unit,   O.
B. U.  10.00
C. P. R. Unit, O. B. U  26.00
Street Railway Bhop & Barn-
men's Unit, O. B. U  10.00
$ 81.76
In the 20th Century
"Communism and
Cloth hound, $1.00 (proceeds from tills edition go to the Famine
. Relief Fund for ltusala)
B. C. Federationist, Ltd.
842 Fender flt. W. Vancouver, B. 0.
Moral   Effects   of   His
Statements Is to Retard Help
(By the Federated Press)
Washington—Every bit of food
that America can deliver in Russia
this spring will be effectively used
ln fighting the famine says Horace
Truesdell, just returned to hfs
home here after a year in Petrograd, the Crimea and Moscow. He
went to Russia at tho Invitation of
the Soviet government to make a
survey of the fruit resources of the
Crimea. For four years before this
trip he was a spoclalist ln fruit tree
diseases ln the department of agriculture.
"How many millions of Russians
shall die In'this famine depends
upon the willingness of the American people to save them," said
Truesdale. "The moral effect to the
Hoover statements, to the effect
that he is sending more food than
the Russians can handle on their
railways, ls very bad. It ls bound
to hamper tho sending of sufficient
food. for the many millions who
will be reached by relief if the supplies are available.
"Next to famine relief Russia
needs the assistance of America
and western Europe In production.
Millions of Russian workers need
proper organization In industry.
They are .anxious to have technical
direction, foreign capital and foreign development of Russian manufactures and Russian mineral
wealth. If Russia is to be set upon
her feet she must have the aid of
foreign capital and foreign technical equipment."
(Nemesis) *
ANY readers eagerly; peruse
books of travel to satisfy
their curiosity as to the habits and customs' of far 'away
peoples and undoubtedly It la a
fascinating study to learn about
the modes ot life and forms of government of some rude tribe In the
central forests of Africa or- South
America but I wish to enlighten
the intelligent readers of this paper
about the modes or life and form
of government of a people who Inhabit a district ln the limits of the
chief elty in the boasted land of
promise, British Columbia, I am
quite sure our philosophers* socla-
loglsts and scientists generally will
read the account of this district
with much Interest for it might be
called, par excellence, a district of
anomalies, Tou have heard of an
oasis In a desert hut I am going to
tell you of a desert in an oasis—a
forgotten and neglected spot in the
city without a rival, viz: our own
beloved and world-famed Vancouver.
This district Is called Hastings
Towngite and lies within Vancouver's city limits. It is therefore
subject to the same governing
authorities as' the West End and
enjoys all that the West End en-
Joys except certain privileges and
necessities about which I am going
to enlighten you.
If you visit the West Bnd you
will see in the back premises gar*
bage cans into which the privileged
dwellers of that district deposit
their ashes and other refuse Which
they cannot otherwise get rid of. In
Hastings Townsite there is not a
solitary garbage can and the ashes
and other .refuse have . to be
dumped around the dwellings of
the unfortunate Inhabitants in
un picturesque . little heaps which
add little to the beauty of
the landscape and the salubrity of
the district.
But unfortunately this is not the
worst. Though It possesses no
garbage cans yet it can boast of a
garbage dump to which the garbage from the more privileged districts is carted and deposited. If
any Investigator will bring ft shovel
and dig into the dump, which lies
In the ravine between 22nd and
21st Avenues, one block west from
Nootka Street, he wilt flnd out the
nature of the materials which aU
last summer and less violently also
during the winter havo poisoned
tho uir for blocks around with a
mixture of fetid und sickening
odors Inexpressibly revolting.
In spite of repeated protests
from the surrounding dwellers
little or nothing haa been done and j
they are threatened again this
summer with a continuance of the
Insufferable outrage on decency
and elementary laws of health.
Rats which are credited with
the distribution of disease germs
are accumulating in this dump and
the neighbourhood in Immense
numbers and adding to the
horrors of the place. This dump is
a dismal place of abode even for
rats and that is the reason I suppose of the curious habit these unfortunate rodents have contracted.
I am told that many of them make
daily excursions to the Small Pox
Hospital and back to the dump.
This ls an Interesting mystery and
one which our civic modical authorities should elucidate for us, I
for one am completely puzzled by
It. The dump contains enough unsavory food to last the rats, even
at their present rate of Increase,
for a long time so they cannot be
economic excursions. It may be
that the rats feel lt advisable to get
away from the sickening odors
each day to cleanse their lungs but
I cannot say for certain and they
prefer the Small Pox Hospital Is
puzzling the Inhabitants. Poor unfortunate animals! Dwellers in
that dump and thoir only amusement an excursion to the Small
Pox Hospital! Surely an officer of
the S. P. C. A. should be engaged
to devise means of quickly and
painlessly putting them out of
their mlfloHeft
' It must be remembered by the
dwellers In the surrounding districts that whatever epidemic disease or ■ plague may originate in
this dump, It will spread in all directions, and not conveniently confine Itself to the confines of this
working' manls district, for the
Jaws of nature are. happily no res-
pectors of persons or neighborhoods.
This anomalous district contains
a firehall, but It ls useless in case
of flre, as it stands dismantled and
unused, a monument of a former
city council's cheeseparing policy.
In case of flre, a brigade from e
neighboring district has to be summoned, and It ls two to one against
the survival of the shack.
It is comforting to see a policeman, on his. beat, but for this little
comfort the dwellers of Hastings
Townsite are still sighing. It has
no police protection in that sense;
but perhaps the authorities are not
without a good reason, for this
seeming neglect, for the district is
inhabited by quiet, law-abiding
working men. It has no dope addicts, no blind pigs, no houses of
ill-fame, no gambling dens. In
this respect it Is one of the cleanest
if not the cleanest area In Vancouver. If the other districts were
morally on a par wtth It, the majority of our police officers would
be happy and contented sinecurlsts.
Further, this anomalous district
has no drainage system, except
such as the ancient Britons might
have improvised. The home-made
open'drains run Into the ditches,
and the contents festering In the
summer sunshine, emit many and
varied effluvia. Many of the houses
have septic tanks which winter and
summer, pollute the air with their
The doctors tell us that In the
rainy seasons, the health of Vancouver improves, and may lt not be
that the kindly downpours carry
away the germs from these fertile
breeding grounds.
Surely to add a garbage dump to
a district without sewers was adding Insult to Injury with a vengeance.
Again, let me point out that microbes are difficult to chain up, and
float buoyantly away on the breezes
even to the West End district.
Agajn, this district or the greater
part of It, Is not served by a car-
line, and the dwelers of the south
end hav* (to tramp Jntoj ISoutW
Vancouver to board a ear, and pay
I %o more than the city dwellers to
get to the city centre. Neither is
there a road leading direct to the
city proper, and the truok drivers
have to possess an extensive and
peculiar knowledge of the planked
roads (which are ln bad condition)
to get in and out with safety and In
reasonable time.
Although the long-suffering inhabitants have petitioned mors
than once for a decent school, one
small school-house, very indifferently equipped ln all respects, situated at the corner of Rupert street
and Twenty-second avenue, serves
for the younger scholars; the older
ones having to tramp a long distance through the heat of summer,
and the 8now and slush of winter
to obtain their education
I  could  mention  several  other
Gives His- Views on Open
Shop Campaign
(By The Federated Press)
Milwaukee.—A warning to employers to desist from their "open
shop" campaign unless they wish
to be annihilated, was sounded by
Roger W. Babson, business statistical expert, in his bulletin of Jan.
SI, read to the Federated Trades
council by Frank J. Weber. IU
general secretary, The bulletin,
headed Time to Think about Labor, declares:
"Employers the country over
have been swinging the tomahawk
tor the past 18 months. The days
for such activity are now drawing
to a close. It ls time to think and
"During the war, with the approval of some of the best minds
in the nation, the practice of. collective bargaining wae set up In
hundreds of plaees where previously no such thing had prevailed.
Of late, following the lead of United States Steel, many firms have
gone back to the individual bargain plan—some with a castiron
individual contract which binds the
employee never to join a union or
any other labor organisation— and
a systematic campaign of "union
busting' has gone into effect.
"Again,'a new form of industrial
government has been set up—government by Injunction.
'We hold no brief for unions or
unionism, as they exist. We are
aware of the faults, excesses and
crimes of unions. We believe that
ln many, many cases the unions, as
they arc run, are labor's worst enemy. The employer who flatters
himself, however, that the open
shop campaign has put unionism
off the map, ls grossly deceived.
We may settle down upon the fundamental fact thut labor brings
terms and conditions of sale which
satisfy its own ideas. If the labor
people want unions, they are going
to have them, no matter what we
think about lt.
The unions are coming back—
chastened and improved, we hope,
by the experience of the past few
months—but still coming back to
take the field because they are going to be labor's-own best means
of getting such market conditions
as It wishes. So with the growing
vplume of Industrial machinery
which has been built up in industry, the personnel department, the
shop committee, the various expedients designed to help labor's sit-J
uatlon—these things are all coming back.
"Employers have been running
with the tide    for   the   past   *"
Men's Spring Suits
Ont the packing cases and onto the racks come the now
clothes for Spring. Hundreds of garments in the new
colors and weaves are now being displayed here. Featured are young men's models up to the minute in atyle
and quality—patterns in the latest.pencil stripes ahd
.checks, and fabrics, of excellent worsteds, serges and-
tweeds. -• ■'. '",
$19, $23, $27, $33.50, $37.50
'   Every Suit Guaranteed
. A. DUUIV. LI JJ. 137 Hastingi Btreet W
Vancouver Workers' Protective
Meetings Held Thursdays, at 8 p.m.
61 Cordova Street West
months. Before long the tide will
be Retting the other way. <
'In the fierce competition of the
next decade the plant with a eane
labor policy will be able to get out
lte product; to market it, to sell ita
securities, to satisfy its stockholders.
"Other plants will fail at some
or all of these points. It ls, therefore, time now for Intelligent employers to hang up the tomahawk
and take down the neglected machinery for Industrial peace. Tou
have gone as for aa you can by
Dr. Downle Honored
Dr. W. J. Downle has Just returned from Seattle, where he has
taken his. degree in electrical surgery. Dr. Downle has the honor
to be the flrst In Canada to get this
degree, and has -been allowed the
honor of using the name D'Arson-
val Institute, an honor accorded to
| only a very few.
Chicago.—Delegates    from
Norwegian   and   Danish   socletlej
met recently in Chicago at
Peoples' House and organised '
Northwest   Scandinavian   Sectlo^
Friends of Russia, with the puq
pose of helping  the   starving
Russia.   A concert and entertain
ment la being arranged.
Madison,   Wis.   —  Widespread
publication of   a   statement
farm labor waa In demand  hr/1
created a surplus of rural worke.f
In Wisconsin, according to a repotj
from the state employment offici
Wages range from 126 to lit ;
nomi, rmuAiBaaB, stbbio. ]
Ualea OBelaii, write tet prim.   Wei
tl»« 6_.T16H,CT1Q)I,
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily endorsed by The Federationist, and no responsibility for the
views expressed is accepted by the
A Plea for Unity
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: The
right to think is still a privilege
that the individual enjoys with un-
trammeled freedom, and includes
the right to think wrong as much as
the right to think right in accordance with the material supplied to
the mind by external Influences, we
as workers, have none too many j
privileges, so any that we have, we
should make use of, and once we
start to think, surety the material
supplied and the lesson of past experiences will keep us on the right
I think I am safe to say that the
Labor movement here In Vancou'
yer is In a worse position than In
any other locality In the North American continent. We must admit
that we are practically helpless,
and the employer has become the
absolute dictator of the conditions
of employment in all but a very few
trades (or crafts if* you like), who
have not been disrupted by the militant   movement  of  the  laBt   few
anomalies of this unfortunate district If I had the space at my command, but perhaps I have said
enough to arouse some sort of public interest on Its behalf.
In conclusion, I may add that the
inhabitants nre looking hopefully
to our new city council with its
fresh blood and wider and more
generous views for some amelioration of their unique and unhappy
condition, They are hoping against
hope that they still live fn a progressive and Christian age.' May
their hopes receive justification In
the near future.
Santa Rosa, Calif.—Trouble in
the building trades, long brewing,
has come to a head in the strike
of about 100 workers against wage
cuts and the "open shop." The
Builders' exchange Is expected to
counter with the lockout of the
building trades union".
It is time to take stock, and as
individuals, look ourselves square-.
ly ln the face, and question our own
minds and consciences as to whether In the past we have done all that
was reasonably possllble to make
our organization function In the
best interests of ourselves ahd the
workers generally; or did we sit
back and let the other fellow do It;
and when he did not do It to our
liking, make a big holler and advocate a split and the formation of
some Idealistic organization, making more creeds and dogmas, and
more squabbles amongst ourselves,
thereby losing sight of the real
It has been brought home to the
minds of a certain proportion of us
that we have been on tho wrong
road, and that sooner or later we;
will be forced to make common
cause with the recognized movement, and try to do, our part to
mould lt to our liking, and to fill
our needs. Trades unions can ill-
afford to sacrifice that which required years of diligent effort to accomplish.
Organization means stregnth, security and manhood; lack of organization means helplessness and
uncertainty. Think it over, and decide for yourself. I
In conclusion, I would like to
make a special plea to engineers.■
We have a new International local
here now. No. 844, that Is going
along nicely. The only purpose of
which Is the one of seeking to promote the common good and true
welfare of the men who follow the
engineers' calling, and is deserving
of your support.
; Trom the depths of brave, frosen Russia oomes this most
j terrible of cries
Will You Answer?
The next two montha will be the most-crucial. Every day
10,000 die of starvation! Reports coming from Russia paint
pitiful pictures. Here—the dying are eating their dead, there-
mothers are drowning their children to silence their heartrending cries for bread. The Russian steppes are literally
covered with skeletons, the wasted bodies the prey of wolves,
How many more Shall die beforc TOU act?
Will You Sign the Roll Call?
Immense cargoes of food MUST be shipped AT ONCE to save
the starving. . If the powers of the world would grant Soviet
Russia credit and re-establish trade with her, she could help
herself In this awful crisis. Until credit is extended YUU MUST
HELP. And lf you have helped before, then you must help
again and still again! Thoso who help now wilt have si_-'d
Soviet Russia In her DIREST NEED.
Sign the Roll Call! Give!!
The food your money will buy will carry with It .the ROLL
CALL BOOK, In which TOUR name MUST appear. Your
signature in this book will mark a permanent record of your
true friendship fer Soviet Russia. Deposited In the archives of
Soviet Russia, the Roll Call Book will constitute a document
treasured by International Labor and Its sympathizers.
201 West 13tb Street, New York Oity
Endorsed by tlie Central Labor Councils of Chicago, Detroit,
Seattle, Taeoma, Toronto, Montreal. Portland, Trenton, Minneapolis, Denver, Ogden, Mansfield, Richmond, Washington, Hartford, Binghamton, Kockford, San Diego, St. Paul, Belleville,
Brockton,'Los Angeles, and by hundreds of local unions and
other unions and other workers' organizations.
Its officials are: Advisory Committee—Wm. Z. Foster, Elmer
T. Allison, Ludwig Lore, Edgar Owens, Max Eastman, Prof. H.
W. L. Dana, Marguerite Prevey, Jay G. Brown, Roso Pastor
Stokes, Hulet M. Wells, Wm. F. Dunn, 1. Louis Engdahl, Dennis
E. Batt, Alice Riggs Hunt, Capt. Paxton HIbben, Charles Baker, i
J. O. Bentall, Robert Minor, Jack Carney, Mary Heaton Vorse, |
Ella Reeve Bloor, Albert Rhys Williams, Elizabeth G. Flynn.
It is in your hands whether from Russia shall come the cry
of Joy and laughter this Spring or the terrible silence of a
million grave-yards.
Sign up! Prove your sympathy for Soviet Russia by helping
to succor its starving millions! Prove that you atand for
"Hands Off"—except to help! For thla great workers' experiment may yet make the dream of all of us come true!
201 West 18th Street, New York City
My contribution for famine relief in Soviet Rusaia la
$ , which stun Is herewith enclosed.    Please
Insert this coupon with my signature In the ROLL OAJJ_
BOOK registering me oa a Mend of Soviet Russia In the
hour of her greatest need.
Name „	
Street Address
(B. O. Federatlonist)
Write to the Friends of Soviet Russia for a page out of the
Roll Call Book and secure signatures and contributions in your


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