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The British Columbia Federationist May 10, 1918

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Metal Trades Council Refuses
To Surrender Forty-four Hour Week
Metal Trades Council Took
Firm Stand on
Hereafter Strikers Must Secure Sanction of
Parent Body
"That thu Electrical Workers'
union re instructed to tapply not-1 to
J. Coughlan & Sons, as per agrement, failing which th? executive of
this Metal Trades council he instructed tfo supply such men as they can
"That any affiliated craft calling
a strike, without the sanction of the
Metal Trades council, be fined not less
than $50. (The majority vote of this
council to decide when there has heen
an infraction of above.)"
In tho nbov-o resolutions, adopted by
n majority vote of "Vancouver Motal
Trades council lit th« regular meeting
oa Wednesday ovoning, firm action was
decided upon by tho large attendance
of delegates prosentj covering tlio action of a numbor of members of thc
Electrical Workers' union, in walking
olf tlio job at J; Coughlan's hist Monday
morning for thc alleged purpose of enforcing the $0-a-day schedule obtaining
as tho fixed standard wage of Local 213.
The decision was arrived at after a
thorough and lively debato, lasting woll
over two hours, a debate in which most
of the delegates participated. It was a
fair field and no favors and at times it
seemed ns though tho result was uncertain. But nfter the whole question had
beon thrashed out, the above resolution
expressed the fixed opinion of the majority of thoso prosont,
A motion was submitted "that the
business ngent of tho Elcctrionl Work'
ers' union be instructed by the Metal
Trades council to supply Coughlan's
with trouble-shooters or ns many men as
wanted at $(J per day." But this was
superceded by tho nbove, submitted ns
an amendment.
The Letter from J. J. Coughlan
As soon us tho order of the new business hnd been reached, the following
letter   was   road   by  Secretary  Welsh
from the firm of J. Coughlan & Son:
Tha   Coughlan  Letter.
May 8, 1918.
The Metal Trades Council,
Labor Temple, Vancouver, D. C.
Gentlemen! As you arc, aware about forty
electricians, members ol the local Electricians'
union, abruptly quit work at our shipyard on
Monday morning, Miy 6. Thla is contrary
to thc terms of the agreement we have with
you and which does not expire until August
of this year, but concerning which agreement
'the Royal Commission, recently flitting in
British Columbia, has made certain recommendations lo the Dominion government, your
council and ourselves, having in thc meantime
been waiting further action by thc government.
In the commissioners' report the position
of matters between your council and ourselves
was clearly defined by Mr. Justice Murphy
in the following language:
"As to the demand for thc 10 per cent. In-
PWcrcnie in thc Coughlan  yard there arc only
three fair courses that can bc taken  by the
men in tbeir dealings with the firm of Cough-
land & Sons.
"First—To abide by the existing contract
until it lapses by effluxion  of time.
"Second—To open it up by giving thc fifteen days' notice required by the Revision
Clause contained  therein, or
"Third—-To   apply   to   the   Imperial   Munitions lloard at Ottawa to fix new wage scale
under the clause of thc contract with making
the decision of the said board thc operati
factor in fixing wages."
Yonr council bas informed its it docs not
approve thc action of these men in having
quit work and Mr. Morrison, business agent
o( the Electricians' union, has informed us thc
Electricians' union also disapproves of thc action, hut In explanation he pleads lack of control over these individual members of his
union working in our yards,
\Ve are pleased to note the honorable in.
(aition of your council aud of tbe Electricians'
union, but must deplore this lack of control
over these men, who arc bona fide members
of the ElectrietanV union, as In these circumstances the value of an agreement between
vou and ourselves, or any other employer nf
labor, becomes very doubtful, and we therefore feel that some action should be taken
by your council lo exert a proper degree of
| control  over  thc individual  membra of any
fmion tu the end that when a union, nm*
unctivi'ly with your council, enters into an
agreement with nn employer* that agreement
can be honorably kepi, not only in intention
but iu fact.
As the matter now stands these men have
Impugned thc honor of their own union hy
causing it to default iu the understanding
which ought to exist, nnd which we believe
dues exist, between it and you, and has consequently placetl your council in an embarrassing position with regard to Its obligations
with us under (he terms of the agreement existing between us.
In addition to this regrettable circumstance
is the far more important circumstance, that
this abrupt discontinuation of work by these
men Is causing each passing day, and every
day of each such day, a corresponding delay
on our part In banding over to th'e British
government vessels now so nearly completed
at our yards, that they arc practically equal
in time value as .fighting factors to any of
the regularly operating food and supply carriers. The effect of such a situation in thc
discharge of the duties of our citizens at
home to those at  the front  sacrificing their
(Continued on Page 5.)
Shipyard Royal Commission Has Conceded Men the Ten
Per Cent Asked for—Question of Hours and Other
Conditions Were Not Up for Investigation-
Effort to Lengthen Working Hours Only
Courting Disagreement
Affiliated Unions Unanimously Endorse Stand Taken
by Metal Trades Council—No Official News Received
Prom Ottawa Up to Late Last Night—An
Amicable Settlement Confidently
Looked Forward to
Tho Federationist is advised
on good nuthority that some enterprising outfit has arranged to
market tt scmb-mado overall right
close to one of the big shipyards
of the city and is, it is alleged,
already doing n good BusltressT
Officer's of the Retail Clerks
union request thnt .attention, be
given this .matter by tlio roftm-
bors of tho various shipyard tin-
jons and that all'union men bo,'
urged to buy nono other than
union - made Vancouver - made
overalls. This listens'liko a modest and fnir request and one tbat
should bo givon prompt attention
of union men.
As the Royal Commission found, in its investigation, that we were
entitled to the ten por cent, increase, and as tho question of hours and
other conditions of labor were not under consideration by labor at the
time tho investigation started, that the commission was not justified in
attaching any conditions to tho granting of the ten por cent, increase;
also that as tho imposition of a 48-hour week would not be tolerated by
labor at this .time, we refuse to consider a settlement on these terms.
Your executive recommends that the working of a forty-oight-htfur
week be not considered, and that all crafts having members working
a forty-eight-hour week be asked to take steps to have them put on the
forty-four-hour week as soon as possible.
Tho forty-four-hour wook was established a year ago, after a strike,
and has become recognized in both organized and unorganized plants,
and so in tho opinion of your executive any compromise which would
take into consideration the forty-eight-hour woek would be establishing
something that it might tako orgainzed labor years to regain.
Your executive also recommonds that tho various organizations affiliated with this body be instructed to this effect at onco, so that their
acceptance or rejection of snme will be reported back to this body as
soon ns possible, with the object of being propared aB to what stand wo
will take on the expected report from Ottawa.
Respectfully submitted by your executive.
Teamsters' Delegates Will
Introduce< Subject In
Central Body
Shall tho workers of Groater Vancouver colebrato Labor Day, September 2,
this yoar! That is tho question which
delegates from tho Teamsters and
Chauffeurs union vtii} put up to next
Thursday evening's imcoting of Vancouver Trades and Ijiabor Council. In
ye olden times Vancouver unionists
used to make a field day of Labor Day.
But for some years past littlo has been
dono, except for a -lumber of picnics
among various individual unions. This
year the Teamsters'jdclcgates propose
a groat big family ."picnic at Stanley
Park or somo other''suitable location.
Anyway, the subject' is up for discussion and it is not improbable that
interest iu the statutory Labor Day
may be revived in Vancouver.
Above, in brief, is tho position taken* 'recommend that they be paid a rato of
$3.85 per day of oight hours, and that
it further be basod on the acceptance
of the forty-eight-hour week.
Mr. Kolly agrees, Mr. Tonkin dis-
sonts, but would recommend $3.60.
The demand of the M. T. C. that an
agreement bo executed by the I. M. B.
with organized labor was refused, as in
the opinion of the commission, clause
12 of said agreement calls for a closed
shop, and as the money contributed to
this industry is levied by tax on the
people of Canada, regardless of whether
they are union qt .non-union, t^o. employer should'have th"e right to hire
whom he likes.
Tonkins agrees, Kelly dissents.
The caulkers situation is in our opinion a rogrettable ono, as the evidence
shows that this body evon tried to keep
mon belonging to their own organization from doing caulking, rogardless of
whether they could get tho monoy or
not, and although this was Inter adjust-
ed in Vancouver by the M. T. C. and
tho caulkers, still the general feeling
wns that the caulkers had impeded progress in shipbuilding on the coast.
All wens agreed on this question.
Tho conclusion reached by the commission with regard to the efficiency of
orgainzed labor in the shipyards was
that in the opinion of tho commission,
it was fully equal to that in any vjrd
on the coast, tho commission further
holding that there must be a fair day's
work for a fair day's pay, and a full
day's work for a full day's pay.
All wore agreed on this question.
On tho quostion of an additional ton
per eenl. for the night shift, the commission find that in their opinion the
men ore not entitled to it under the
award, as it is granted by tho Emergency Fleet Corp, but in this connection
thoy suggest that where three shifts
are worked, tlmt an additional live per
cent, bc paid to second and third shifts
on tho understanding that thc shifts
arc (-hanged every two weeks, failing
to swing shifts that they be paid ten
per eent. above the day shift.
In pointing tint the position of tho
outside shops the commission sny thnt
while there is no moral obligation on
the part of the I. M. B. to reimburse
the contract shops for such increases, as
a result of the demands of labor, still
recommend that the I, M, B. take this
into consideration and reimburse thom
ns far ns possiblo,
Mr. Kelly agrees, Mr, Tonkin dissents.
The commission als0 make the following suggestions supplementary to the
"That a Dominion government adjustment board be appointed to take up
all matters with reference to labor and
"That agreements be entered into
for the duration of tho war.
"Thnt the question of open or closed
shops be left to the negotiations of ench
party to the agreements.
"That full freedom bo given to the
employer to take men from tho ranks
of labor to train them as mechanics,
and that these men be graded according to ability. Suggested 25 per cent,
each quarter period.
"That thc question of new grades of
labor with corresponding increases of
wnges be dealt with by proposod board.
"That the agreement contain the
usual clauses ro grievances with the final judge the proposed board.
"The mattor of calling a joint meeting of employers and employees is suggested, tho object being to avoid industrinl strife."
You will readily sec by the above
that the grunting of the ten per cont.
is contingent on your working a forty-
eight-hour week. Your executive is of
the opinion that a reduction of hours
is of moro benefit than an incrcaso of
wages, and correspondingly, nn incrense
in tho hours of labor per week, with an
increase of about 2(1 conts per dny,
(which, after all. is an actual reduction
of wages, figuring on the basis that we
are working nt present), is a very poor
substitute for our Saturday afternoon.
This you will readily understand is one
of tho reasons that your oxec'utivr
brings*In this recommendation, nlso it
by Vancouver Trados Council towards
tho award made by the recent Royal
Commission of Enquiry into Pacific
coast shipyard labor conditions.
Definite Word Thia Afternoon.
Up to midnight last night no specific
word had been received by tho Metal
Trades officials as to what the government intends to do. On Wednesday
the following telegram was received by
Secretary Walsh from J. Coughlan, who
is now.at Ottawa, endeavoring to arrango a satisfactory settlement" df the
whole question:
Telegram from J. Coughlan
"Ottawa, May 8, 1918.
"Motal Trades Council,
"Vuncouver, B. C.
"Sir Josoph Flavelle has authorized
Mr. Butchart put findings of commission into .effect.   As I understand it, the
authorities intend, broadly, to put British Columbia on same basis from both
employer and cmployeo point of view,
ns Puget Sound district.   Sir Joseph's
instructions only apply to wood shipyards.    Steol shipyard situation to bo
dismissed Friday.    Will advise results
Below is a summary of the commissioners' report, compiled by the Metal
Trades Council for tho information of
the membership;
Report of the Royal Commission of Enquiry into Labor Conditions on
the Pacific Coast
Tho decision is that the men in the
wooden shipyards are entitled to tho
ton por cent, retroactive from February
1st, provided they are willing to work
48 hours a week for straight time, in
all yards, except during the mouths of
Juno, July and August, and provided,
also, that they accept the ruling as to
the earpenters.cuntained in the Macy
Note: The claim of the commission is
that tho one is based on tho other, and
that if labor takes one, they will huve
to tnke the other, while granting that
tho evidence seems to point out this
fact, we claim that we are still standing
on our original demtinds—the Skinnor
and Eddy agreement.
Mr. Tonkons dissents, Mr. Kelly
agrees that on the evidence, the chairman is right, but he will submit recom
mendation on hours.
With regard to the Coughlan yard, tho
findings nre somewhat complicated;
that is to say, that the following
courses should have been followed in
the opinion of tho commission.
(1st) That the demand should have
boon made direct with Ottawa, or (2nd)
That the Coughlan (Inn should have
been given 15 days* notice, and (3rd)
That failing either of these courses,
thnt labor wait until the agreemont expires, August 31, 1018.
After explaining the stand taken by
tho commission on this question, tho
commission further state that while
thore is no moral obligation on tho part
of the I. M, B. to grant the ten per
cent., nnd that while they do not suggest that it should be paid net reactive
to the 1st of February) still thoy do
suggest thut neithor of these questions
should bo allowed to interfere with a
settlement in the interests of peace and
harmony in tho industrial field.
Mr. Tonkins dissents, Mr. Kelly
agrees, but says thut Coughlans should
have taken this mattor up with Ottawa,
Tho dispute re .the carpenters doing
shipwrights' work in shipyards, is not
of a great doal of importance to this
organization. It will be sufficient to
say that tho commission recommend
that/till such carpenters in future recoivo tho ininimum rata for shipwrights,
which is nt present $0 per day, nnd
that tho 50 cents deducted from some of
the carpenters be refunded.
Tonkin-assents-to the refunding of
tho 50 cents to the carpenters, but dissents to thp main body of finding; Kelly
The question of a fair wago to be
paid common labor was one that in the"
Splendid Array of Lawyer
Politicians Make Mass
Raid on Farmers
There ib a provincial by-election on
today in the Chilliwack constituency.
Hon. Ed. Barrow is seeking re-election
tho new minister of agriculture. The
only opposition offered is by Mr. Barber, mayor of Chilliwack, who, evidently,   is   not   averse   to   injecting
Union" government into provincial
elections. At any.rato, the old-party
politicians have the fight all to themselves. And a merry squabble it is.
All the big array of lawyer-politicians
in the country have beon turned loose
on the unfortunaW electors of Chilliwack. If thoy survive such a danger
they are «ntitlo4 to a erosB—tho
double-cross—and this thoy undoubtedly will tecoive iu due courso.
The new government, havi*g loBt out
since the general elections in Newcastle, Alberni and Similkameon, aro
overlooking no bets to win today. Defeat today might have a disastrous effect upon the great army whieh ditched Bowerism and replaced it with—
well, nobody •eenukto know just yet.
In the pre-eleption days of not long
ago the Liberal* fctquently urged that
'a-geod"st*oitf '.vJA&ptlata -Wtia- -imperative at Victoria. If trhat were'trtie then
it is equally truo today. But then circumstances alter cases.
In any event thero is no real issue
being fought out today at Chilliwack,
so far as wage-workers are concerned.
Liberals, Conservatives and Unionists
alike all stand for the present form of
proporty ownership and pro-H-makiag,
With no intent of conscripting or curbing anything but man-power,
Some day the farmera of ChilHwacli
may take a notion to Join hands with
the wage-workers of the provinco under tho banner of the Federntod Labor
Party, for the purpose of mnking a few
definite ond* much-needed changes in
tho present governmental and industrial world.
Long and Weary Battle Will
Be Needed to Establish
44-Hour Week
News of Progress  From
Many Organized Bodies
of Wealth Producers
Tho shipbuilding controversy has
been tho outstanding feature around
Labor Temple during the past week.
It is apparent that the 44-hour week,
which has taken Labor so many years
to obtain, cannot be swept aside as
easy as the Munitions Board or employers would have it. It is quite
true that present conditions practically
demand that all the time*and energy
possible be put into the production of
ships, but surely the welfaro aud hard-
earned conditions under which the
wealth producers work can be taken
into consideration on this matter. To
forego this Saturday afternoon holiday now would mean a long and weary
flght for present conditions after the
war is ovor, when men will be walking
the streots vainly iu search of work.
No employer willingly grants the do*
raands of Labor and when the labor
market is overstocked it is almost out
of tho question to better thc conditions
under which men and women aro forcod
to work. Hence it is imperative that
Labor should retain all the advantages
gained in tho industrial Hold. There is
no sign that the employers will flght
hard over the matter of hours in tho
present instance, but Lnbor has practically mnde up its mind in this mattor
and will enforce it if it noeVls be.
The Cigarmakers' union has adopted
a new bill of prices, reports the secretary. Officers were nominated for tho
coming torm, and they will be elected
next meeting. Organizer D. W. Kennedy is oxpected to bc in the city by
tho next meeting.
ImtTSSn    $1.50 PER YEAB
Attempt to Be Hade to Organiie Worken in Olty Electric Light
Tho Trados and Labor Council last
evening instructed its organizing committee to act with the Civic Employees
union in an effort to unionize the electrical workors of the civic eloetric light
department. Two years ago employees
of this department mado an unsuccessful strike for highor wages. Tho city
fought tho strike nnd replaced the
workers with non-union men.
Dolcgato H. Knudson was appointed
by the Trades Council as a rnembor
of the local war lectjre cabinet to
presont the war aims to tho public as
tbe occasion arises.
The question of the status of the
Canadian Labor' Press, an Ottawa labor
papor, was agnin discussed. This paper
had previously been condemned as a
government organ but information was
given last ovoning that suoh was not
the case. The secretary was Anally
instructed to write to Toronto for precise information before tho publication
will bo welcomed.
Matter of New Wage Scale
WiU Be Taken Up
The Stroot Bailway Employees of
Vancouvor, Victoria and Now Westminster are now busy preparing a now
wngo schedule and working conditions.
Thc present ngreoment expires on Juno
3C The Stroet and Electric Railway
Employeos union covers all motormen,
conductors, mechanics, car repairers,
car cleaners and trackmen working in
and around the streot cnr company's
Ench committeo has a schedule committeo to druw up a tcntativo agreement and these agreements are handed
in to a joint advisory board for their
Absence of 2500 Coal Minen
in Crows Nest Paw
Nullifies Plan .
Present Union Rate of $1.00
Must Obtain Until the
Next Convention
Tho directors of Tho B. O. Feder*   ■
tioniBt, Ltd., held a meoting on Satnr-
day evening.   Directors McCallum and   '■
Wells of tho B. C. Federation of Labor,
and McVoty and Pettipiece of Vancou* '
ver Trades and' Labor  Counoil   were
At the request of Manager Pettipiece, Captain Eller, of the Dominion
Military Service, thia diatrict, waa
prosent and an informal discussion
look placo with a view to arriving at
a bettor understanding, covering the/
power vested in military authorities on
tho one hand and tbe policy of the
Federationist on the other.
The proposal of the B. C. Federation
of Labor to raise ita per capita tax.
for the purpose of mibBcribing for The
Federationist for oach member of afflliated unions, it was announced by
Secretary Wells, had been carried by
tho Federation, by roforendum, but the
voto did not include the coal minen
of tho Crow's Nest Pass, they having
decided to re-ostablish The Distriet
Lodger at Calgary. Nor did it include
other organizations whioh tho Federa-
iton feared it would lose if tho refer-'
ondum wero adopted as effective on
June 30. In view of this unsatisfactory
condition, Secretary Wella had been instructed that afternoon to communicate
with the whole executive committee
beforo committing the Fedoration to '
tbo undertaking.
Under tho circumstances, no definite
action wns taken by the 'direetors of
The Fedorationist, Ltd.   But, in view
75,000 Men Will Have to Be Replaced
to Fill Vacancies Caused By
New Military Act
The spccinl siib-eummitteo, appointed
by the commons committee on agriculture, to niuke a r-oport on tlio lnbor situation, finds that the amendments to the
Military Service Act would seriously
nlfect the railways which would roqujro
from live to ton thousand men to replace brakemen and firemen between
the nges of 20 and 23 years who will
bc called out. From 3000 to 5000 men
•vould be required for mitinteimnce. of
the way service. The opinion was expressed that for ull essential industries,
including agriculture and Wining from
fifty to seventy-Jive thousand men will
he required.
.Street Commissioner Wilson, Toronto, reports that during tho week ending April 26, n total of 48,100 punnds
of foodstuffs wns brought by dealers
to tho incinerator und destroyed, as
thoy had become unfit for food.
pillion of the eommission,.ahould hnve] is only jiA to show to some of thc or*
some consideration, nud' in this mutter (Continued on pago 5)
SUNDAY, May 32—Muaicinna,
Sawyers & Filers, Saw Filers
MONDAY, Muy 13—Amalgamated Engineers, Boilermakers,
Steam Engineers, Electrical
Workers, Patternmakers, Ironworkers, U. B. Carpenters No.
tn 7.
TUESDAY, May 14—Stone Cutters, Pressmen/ Barbers, Machinists No. 777, Upholsterers,
Amalgamated Carpenters.
WEDNESDAY, May .15—Metal
Trades Council, Hotel & Restaurant Employees (2M p.m.),
Brewery Workers.
THURSDAY, May lC—Trodes
nncc of Way Employees.
FRIDAY, May 17—Railway Our-
men, Pile Drivers nnd Wooden
Bridgemen, Granite Cutters,
Molders. Civie Employees,
Warehousemen, Minimum Wage
smiths, Bakers.
consideration.   The advisory .board has
put the agreement, into shojje and will Iof the certain loss of so maiiy" out ride
present it to a mass-meeting of three s-ibBcribcrB, which would have compea-
divisions. Pioneer Division will meet |*>ted for the increase in the citidi,
in the Broadway theatre, Saturday, where the local postage rate of one
A bunch of aoDlicationa were received IMo? I1.^ I?*?0 midlli8flt- » *■ ex- "at per copy per week prevailed, tke
,1i'™___ Ini, 1™*!*"f,'"f _. lpoo?°? that thiB meeting   will   be   a general opinion prevailed that the pro-
as soon
and tie ven new* members initiated, re
ports Business Agent Anderson of 'the
Butchers. A committee is arranging for
an elaborate dance, to be held in the
O'Brien ball, on May 15. Tickets 50c.
The new wage schedule is working to
the satisfactipaof aU concerned.
'Steam 'and Operating Engineers.
Te_n new members were admitted to
membership,   reports   Business   Agent
Alexander of the Steam and Operating
Engineers.    A new wage    scalo    for
stationary engineers was endorsed by
tho local..  The question of enforcing
new wage scalo will be taken up
ion as Victoria locnl is heard from.
Forty-two members were initiated, reports Secrotary Fraser of the Boiler- j
makers. The exocutive board of District
44 is in session at Seattle. The Boilermakers endorsed tho recommendations
of tho executive committee of the Metal Trades cojncil regarding the Jinding
of the Imperinl Munitions board. The
May 24 picnic committee reported progress.
Teamsters and Chauffeurs.
Twenty-two now members were admitted and many applications received
at a well-attended meeting, reports
Socretary Showier of the Teamsters and
Chauffeurs. W. H. Hoop addressed the
meeting and wns very enthusiastically
received and his address added much
to the knowledge of the membors presont. The uuion hopes to have Organizer Hoop visit them again before ho
leaves the city, wliich it is hoped will
not be for quite a time.
Three new members were initiated,
reports Business Agent Rouse of tho
Blacksmiths. President Malcolm Smith
has joined tho British navy. Jack Yntes
filled tho position of prosldent at last
meeting. There is a brisk demand for
blacksmiths, but the business agent
manages to got all the demands flTlod.
The union endorsed lln- rocoflimemlh-
tions of ihe Motal Trades Council executive. The district council, whicli met
last Saturday, is working harmoniously
and expected to bo able to organize a
local at New Westminster.
Seventy per cent. Of the bakers of
the City nre now members of the union
and presont indications are that then:
be un 1(10 per cent, organizntion
in a very short time. Mjch organization work has been done in the pnst
few months, hence the showing. Seven
new meinbers were initiated nnd nine
applications received at last Saturday's
meeting. A new wage scale is being
drawn up and will be acted upon at
the next meeting, May IH. On June .1
the initiation fee will Ue increased by
$2. Meetings of the local are held on
the first and third Snturdny in the
Federated Letter Carirers,
At the regular monthly meeting of
Brunch No. 12, F. A. L. C, was held in
Labor Temple last Friday evening. A
fair number of members were present.
Organizer W. H. Hoop of the Retail
Cl-erks association renewed acquaintances with the buys and addressed the
meeting on various subjects. Secretiiiy
Wight was chosen us Vancouver's nominee for western representative of the
association to Trndes and Labor Congress convention, to be hold in the city
uf Quobofl', The bnmch endorsed th'e
scheme to Have the Lubor Templo for
labor, and will raise its quota towards
its success. The fourth atiuuut picnic
will be held nt Bowen island on Sul-
iti'dliy, jllly Kt. A HvO committee is
on Ihe job and will publish details
later. Next meeting Friday* June 7.
(J. H. Ilnrdy, organizor of the F, h, \\
will iiddress the meeting. Come along.
—F. K.
record one, aB these 'are matters of
vital importance to the-men concerned
and every man is anxiously waiting
the expiration of the; present agreement, because it is inadequate to meet
the present cost of living and is ridiculously low in comparison to other rates
inforofl, ifi.-flp .OAty/fv,,, ,-x
The joint advisory board "of the three
divisions met in the Labor Temple,
April 26, and is composed of tbe following: \V. H. Cottrell, F. Haigh, A,
V. Lofting, of Vancouver; Thos. Noclt,
F. Hopper, B. Good/iold, of Victoria,
and F. Rao and W, Yates of New Westminster,
The mass-meeting on Saturday will
be the flnnl ono to decide the wage rato
for the now ngreoment. It is therefore
imperative that evory member of tM
Division should bo prosent. There will j
be late cars provided on all routes to
lake care of those attending.
Victoria Labor Council Objects to Curbing of
Free Speech
VICTORIA, Mny 4.—At lust meeting of the Capital City centrnl IiiImh
body' Socrotary SEvortz wns instrurlod
tn forward tho following resolution to
the honorable tlie socrotary of stute.
"Whereas an net lias boon paqsod by
tlie Dominion government, making it
unlawful to criticize the government,
hy tin* use of .speech or jiriitted matter;
"Wlierens, free speech hns been an
inherited right friiiu time Immemorial,
ns history will show tlml inn* Hritisli
forebears huve sacrificed tlieir lives tu
eiluldish this ciinilitinii. und instances
cun bc shown where kings' liouds hnvi
"en to retain tlio freedom of speech
* be it
wived thnt Viotorla Trndi
Labor Couneil enter an omphalic protest as such an unfair violation uf the
rights of u Canadian subject and wo
urge our legislators I" hnve the not re
Will Deal Wita tao Bacont Civic Em*
ployees strike and Bigger Things
Confronting Labor
An interesting and educating lecture
will be given in the liex theatre next
.Sundny by E. T. Kingsley, under the
auspices of the Federntod Labor I'arty.
The subjocl of the lecture is "The
Civil! Employees Strike and Blggor
Things." These meetings ure free nnd
every working man nnd womnn in the
city should tnkn advantage of them
and attend them at some time. Tho
subject next .Sunday will ly interesting in sr, fnr ns II will denl with Alder*
mini's Kirk's bright iden of hnving u
salvage Company hire laborers an lire*
lighters uud have the city's health Conditions nttended to bv a bunch of
vttto contractors. Tin* di
open ut 7..10 nnd the big pipe
will enlertnin til] 8 p.m.
will   be
Ooo. Armstrong of Winnipeg litis
vered his connection ns business
ngent wilh ihe Brothorhood of Carrion
lers nnd hns left for Fori Willinm,
where lie will till the position of repre
senlntive of the internntionnl union ns
organizer for the hend olllce nl Indinii-
ject would prove impracticable at thia
timo.   Manager Pettipiece expressed a
willingness to take a chance oa the car-
tain loss in rewnue until tha Victoria
eonvention ia January next, bat would
not promise a renewal of the arrange-
ment on the ivo-eents-a-moath basis
after,tkat daUv    ,      •:..; ■■  ..     -( ,*;..
lii view of tie fact that The Fed'era-'
tionist   was   not   malting   sufficient
money to bear the loss which would accrue, tho directors wero not vory enthusiastic about tackling tho proposition ns it looks right now.   Tho chances
are thut the plan will hnve to go over
until the  next  convention,  whon   tho
delegntcs  will huve a  better ideu  of
the best line of notion to adopt to meet
the requirements of both the Federation of Labor nnd Tho Foderntionist.
|    The resignation of Chairman Camp*
boll was luid over till noxt meeting,
.about the end of Mny, thc afternoon
prior to thc annual shareholders' meeting in the evening.
In view of no decision being possiblo at this time between the B. C. F.
of h. executive and Thc Federationist
directors, it is imperative that tbe
tacmbership of every union in British
Columbia who have been wniting for
Tho Federationist, through the Federation of Labor, should now make their
own arrangements at the presont rate
of *1 per member per yenr, pnynblo
monthly, if desirnblo., Thc circulation
of The Federationist hus grown nt a
very satisfactory rate during tho past
yonr, but thoro is nlwnys room for
Orateful to Organized Labor for the
Help Given in Fight for
Increased Wagea
After almost a weok of refusing tn
tncot tho demnnds of the Vnncouver
Civio Employoes for an increase of 25
eents per dny, to mon employed by th*1
bourd of works, waterworks depigment and the park bonrd, nnd 7.1 cents
per day for bridge lenders, thc city
council capitulated and agreed to meet
a committee of the union Friday nftef.
noon. The committee mot tho council
and the council ngreed to the demnnds,,
bnt no provision wns inude for puying;
tlle increase to the men employed by
the park bonrd. The decision KM:
taken bofore the union nnd neted upon
at the evening meeting. The union decided that it would not return to work
until thc necessnry *S.'i,000 .wns impropriated liv the pnrk bonrd for'the K«*v<-
ment of thc incrensed scale. Thc city
council held another spccinl meeting on
Snturdny morning nnd mndo satisfactory ararngements to pny the men cm-
ployed by the park boaro) With this
accomplished the civic employees went
back to work, their demands met In
full. The Civic. Employees feel grnteful
for tho help given them by organized
lnhor uud especially to the Firemen's
union and tho mechanics cmploved bv
the city, nnd they will bc glad tu re'*
olprooato ut nny time other bodies of
orgnnjzod lnbor nre in disagreement
wtth employers.
If the trade unionists of Vancouver huve any serious intentions of restoring the Labor Teai-
ple to the shareholders something
more definite will hnve to be
done nt an eurly dale. Several
Unions huve sighilied n willingness to purchase three sharps for
each of their membership, but
no general concerted movemont
is being made to nnil down the
project lo a fixed dnte. The directors should get the membership down to brass tucks ut the
curliest 'possible date. There is
no excuse for further delay. PAGE TWO
FBIDAY. May 10, 1918
Sordines, 3 for  25o
Pork and Beans, il for  26c
Small Whito Beans, 2 lbs. 26c
Marrowfat Greon l'ons, 2
lbs. for  26c
Fels Naphtha Soap, il for.. 26c
Seeded Raisins, por pkt... 10c
Tomatoes, large cans, 2 for 36c
Tomatoes, small cans 16c
Worcestershire Sauce 8 for 25c
Rolled Outs, (Mb. pkg  45c
Pears, large cans,   20c
Slater's Sliced Bucon, lb... 40c
Slutor's Special Sliced Ba*
per Tb.
Finest Shamrock Lard, lb 36c
Oleomargarine, per lb  35c
Finest Beef Dripping, lb.. 30c
Strong Cheese, per lb  30c
Mild Cheese, 2 lbs  66c
Finest Streaky Bncon, in 2
nud 8-tb. pieces. Sntur-
duv only ut, per lb.37'/2c
of $100. The public arc with us in our requests because tlicy know how much it costs
lo live these days. I have 110 sympathy with
the man- who gets $2,800 or $3,000 per year
but thc man who lives on $M or $15 a week
is thc man who needs the increases the most,
The rates in the West have been biRhcr than
in the Kant but now the cost of living is the
same in all parts of Cnnada. In the West
they were receiving $1S0 a year more tban
we were getting in thc Kast, hut under the
new schedule tins $180 will he absorbed in the
general increases which fix minimum and
maximum salaries. It is claimed lhat tbe
man who is receiving a minimum of $2 a day
will bc getting too much if Its is increased to
$1,000 a year anil that the man wbo is getting $3.00 a day is going up too fast if the
increase advances to $l,<t00 a year. But, the
increases from thc minimum to the maximum
will be on the basis of $100 a year. The government have not been very liberal with us
Diln-vivMOfVA i-n Q.ani_, i 'he last four or five years.    "It is coming to
rllgTilndge IO OCaiO | a case of starvation  with  many of the letter
carriers of Canada."
Hon. Mr. McLean—"I suppose if all the
letter carriers resigned their places could be
Mr. McMordie—"They have had a scouring all over for men to fill vacancies but they
arc very hard to get."
Hon. Mr. McLean—"Have you figured out
what the total increase would mean if granted
to alt tbe men involved?"
Mr. McMordie—"Wc leave that part of it
to the finance minister."
Various estimates from $100,000 to $500,000
were mentioned by members ot the delegation
iinsBcd   nf  tht.  mnvi-niimi   nf   thn  Trades   :11"1 cabinet ministers, but it was agreed that
passed  at the convenUOti  ot   the   traces   ,( mM ^ {q h_ ^rcfu,ljr C(iminite(! beforc
aud Labor Congress of Canada took place   .,„ accurate amount could be stated.
en Monday, April IS, 1918, at Ottawa, with     Senator Robertson pointed out thnt It would
Belated Report of Annual
image to Seats
of the Mighty
Plenty of Presentation But
Doubtful Are the
UK ANNUAL presentation  of  resolutions
tbe  following   representatives
of Labor  com-
131 Hastings Street East.   Seymour 3262
830 Granville Street.   Seymour 866
3214 Main Street.   Fairmont 1683
the  delegation  which  appeared  before   lwo thousand men,
nol mean  much  to those in  Western  Canada
ould affect ahout
and therefore the iucrca:
Take   a   Peep   at   These
Worth While Hats Today.
The nobbiest Spring line of famous makes
we've over Hhown, and there's no wanted
shade or size unrspresentod.
Drop in and match your new spring suit
with a
8MAET   SOPT   FELT,   or  a    CRISP,    REJUVENATING DERBY this woek—
13.00 up* to |6.00
LATEST IN CAPS $1.00 to $2.B0
(Hats mailed anywhere in B. C. freo of
postage.     Catalogue   free.)
Richardson & Potts
417 Granville St.    Near Oor. Hastings
For Over 28 Years
Wc have been with you; clothing you since you were a boy;
now we are clothing the second generation.   During that time
we believe wo have established a reputation for giving the public a square deal.   We have Men's suits from $20 to $45.
BOYS' SUITS from $4.50 to $17.50
Carhartt Overall and Union' Suits, Shirts and AVorking Gloves
in great variety.
We stand behind every garment we sell.
Tel. Sey. 702
309 to 315 HASTINGS ST. W.
So decides the New York Public Service Commission:
"A street railroad, in order to continue in business at all,
must derive from some source at least enough money to
meet the expenses of operation.
"Under any system of ownership and operation which has
or can be devised, the cost of rendering the service must be
paid wholly by the patrons, and rates readjusted on that
basis, or partly by the patrons and partly from the public
treasury, and rates permitted to remain on that basis.
"Failing to adopt either course means only the impairment
of the investment, the depreciation of the property, the wiping out of the investors, and eventual cessation of the service.
"There is no way of getting1 something for nothing, over a
long period."
prisi _.
Ihe cabinet o{ the federal government;
Messrs. J. C. Watters, president; James Simp-
sun, vice-president, iitirl 1'. M. Draper, secretary of the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada; John VV. Hruce, United Association
Plumbers ami Steam Kilters; E. W. A. O'Dell,
Boot and Shoe Workers' Int. Union; A. McMordie and W. A McDonald, Federated Association of Letter Carries; J M. Walsh, One-
bee Trades and Labor Council; ]. 11. Kennedy, Sheet Metal Workers' Int. Alliance;
Tom Moore, United Brotherhood of Carpen-
tenrs and Joiners; VV. 1'*. Bush, United Garment Workers of America; Thos. Izinrd, fnt.
Union of Bricklayers, Masons and Plasterers;
Thos. A. Stevenson, Toronto District I,abor
Council; A. P.. O'Leary, Hotel and Kcstaii-
rant Employees of America; II. S. Dworkin,
Jewish Daily Press; Jas. Ralph, Int. Brewery
Workers Union; Jos. Hunter, Bro. 1'aintcrs,
Decorators and Paperhangers; S. Koldofsky,
vice-president Int. Ladies' Garment Workers
Union; Alexander Kahn, New York, representing the Jewish Forward.
President <|Wattcrs having previously conferred with the Government on thc following
questions, they were eliminated from thc. list
lo he presented to the cabinet:
Extension of provisions of provincial workmen's compensation acts to federal government employees; extension of federal labor
bureaus to assist in providing volunteer labor
for farm, and extensions of franchise to wo*
The matters presented to the cabinet were
as follow:—
Increase of pay and extension of Saturday
half-holiday for letter carriers J 'establishing
of old age pension fund and pension for
widows and deserted wives; thc extension of
tbe eight-hour day to all government employees and those working on government
contracts or works subsidized or financially
assisted by tbe government in any way, and
a request to thc federal cabinet to memorialize
provincial governments to adopt eight boifr
laws to be applied lo employees in all industrial and commercial institutions; the appointment of Mr. W. R. Trotter, Vancouver,
as tlie labor representative on thc proposed
Central Immigration Authority to deal with
mailers pertaining to immigration; thc re-
admission of the Jewish Forward of New York
to the Canadian mails: the registration of
union labels under the Trades Marks and Designs Act; abolition of deposits by candidates
at federal elections; appointment of a labor
representative on tbe commission for tbe promotion of vocational training and industrial
education among returned soldiers; regulation
of food prices in conjunction with the regulation of food consumption; importation and
exportation of beers containing 2 1-2 per cent
alcohol instead of 2 1-2 per cent, proof spirits;
appointment of labor representatives to food
control board and war purchasing commission;
preventing court injunctions in times of industrial trouble; the making of federal elec.
tion day a public holiday, or thc extension of
thc hours for voting; the extension of Cana*
dian separation allowance, soldiers' pension
and patriotic fund allowance to reservists of
tbe Allies of thc British Empire leaving Can-
da for active service nt the front and in-
-reascd separation allowance and pensions
for veterans of tbe Canadian Expeditionary
Members of the cabinet present were; Sir
Robert L. Borden, premier; Hon. N. W.
Rowell, president Privy Council; Hon. C. J.
Doherty, minister of justice; Hon. A. K. McLean, acting minister of finance, and Senator
G. D. Robertson.
President Watters introduced Mr, Alex. McMordie,   representing   the   Federated   Association   of   Letter   Carriers,   who   presented   the
dmands for incrased wages and an extension
of  tbe  Saturday  half holiday  for  thc  letter
carriers   in   all   parts   of   Canada.    Mr.   McMordie stated that in response to their previous appeals for increased salaries during the
last four or five years they had been allowed
a bonus of $100 per year all of which was
more   than   accounted   for   in   thc   increased
cost of living.    The appeals to thc minister of
labor had secured an advance of 12 1-2 cents
on thc dollar when it should have been not
ess than 50 cents on the dollar.    This had
only heen a drop in the bucket, because prices
had been materially advanced.    "Wc applied
lo tbe minister of lahor for a board of conciliation and investigation, but  were informed
thnt a board could not bc granted by one department of the government against another
department," said Mr. McMordie.    "We then
referred the matter to the postmaster general
and made an appeal against thc inadequacy of
the one hundred dollar increase."    We were
informed that he had done his best and that
thc one  hundred dollar bonus  was   intended
to  assist  us   to  meet  the  increased  cost  of
living.    Our  experience has  shown   that  we
cannot expect n man to attend to two or three
duties at the snme time, as the acting postmaster-general wns down in Quebec and never
attended to our request for the appointment
of a commission to go into thc whole question
of postmen's salaries.    Wc find that the cost
of living is continually going up and duri'i,
the last two weeks another $1 a week has been
added to the cost of living, for a man and
wife and three children. In  1908 wc were $10
n year behind the firemen's salaries and ?40
a  year  behind   the  policemen's   salaries,  but
now we arc much farther behind thc men in
these two occupations.    The maximum postman's  salary  at   the  present  time  is  $93°  a
year less thc bonus and less thc $46 deducted
for  the  retirement   fund.     The   men   start  nt
a minimum of $2 a day and onr present maximum with thc bonus is nbout $1,000 per year,
The salaries of municipal employees arc about
$20.80 a week minimum and %27 a week maximum.     Tbe   lowest   occupation   in   Toronto,
driving coal  carts or driving a  wagon brings
$22 a week and  $24 for a team.    The figures
supplied by the minister of labor shows thnt
it requires $19.57  in  sixty  Canadian cities to
provide  the   four   essentials,   food,   fuel,  light
nnd rent for a family of five.    I  would like
tn ask  tbe government   how  a   married  letter
carrier  can   supply  these  four  essentials  nm]
Ihe other necessities of life, maintain  bis so*
cial   position,   contribute  to   Ihe  church,  etc,
on bis present  salary.    He  finds that it re
quires $450 n year more tin
to  do   this.     Men   who   bave   economised   io
save  money  now   find   tbnt   their  savings  nre
all   gone,   because   uf   the   Increased   cost   of
living.    I know of postmen  who arc accepting   old   clothes   for   Iheir   children    because
they cannot  afford  in buy  clothing  fnr thnn.
f  know  a  case  of one  man  with  a  wife nnd
six children receiving Si.85 a day and wbo is
receiving supplies of milk and other food from
tin*  House  of   Industry,  mid   those  who bavr*:
visited   bis  borne   report   that   he   both   needs
and   deserves   the   help.      In   Great    Britain,
since the wnr broke out, the postmen received
nn increase of 4 shillings a week  followed by
another   increase  of  fi   shillings   a   week   and
later a royal commission awarded tbem a third
increase  of (i  shillings  a  week  or practically
doubling   their   wages   within   the   past   three
years.     In  the  United  States  n  minimum increase of $200 a  year and  maximum  increase
nf $.100 per year  has been  granted  the post.
men   making   the   minimum   $1,000   and   the
maximum  $1,500 to  he  reached   in  six   years.
This increase passed the house of representatives  three   weeks  ago.    The   provincial   governments   nnd   municipal   governments   have
given   two   or   three   increases   to   their   employees  since  the  wnr  broke  out  nnd  in  the
city   of  Toronto  annual   increases  nnd   somc-
iMiii's two increases a year have been granted.
The post office department  cannot he charged
with extravagance.    They have employed considerable   temporary   help   for   the   past  three
years and arc paying $2.50 per day but denying oither Ibe  bonus  or  annual   increase.    A
further   restriction   is   placed   upon   tbem   by
the department and in case of their being appointed   to   tbe  permanent   staff   at   any  time,
tbey   must   revert  nnd   start   at   $2   per day.
This   is   the   treatment   returned   soldiers   nre
getting   who   come-   into   the   employ   of   thc
post   office   department.     Wc,   therefore,   ask
that this class of workers be given the annual
Increments and  that they be appointed to the
permanent staff as vacancies occur hi the department.     Necessity   compelled   us   to   start
a   campaign   among   the  newspapers,  business
men  and  citizens generally to place ourselves
on a fair basis of living.   All agree that $1,400
a  year  is  little enough  to  keen  a  family on.
I here nre 2.Hill letter carriers in Canada with
about  500 porters and messengers.    Wc arc
asking the government  to place us under the
new civil  service hill,  and that  onr  minimum
Salary he $1,000 a year and  Ihe maximum of
$1,400 to be reached by  an annual  Increment
Continuing Mr. McMordie stated tbnt the
public were the friends of the postmen, and
were willing In do all that ihey were asked to
do fnr tin-in. lie urged that the Saturday half-
holiday he '-ranted in the months of June,
July and August instead of July nnd August
only. He also pointed out that other trndes
all over Cnnada were enjoying the half-holiday per week, many all  the year round.
Sir Robert Uorden, interrupting stnted to
the delegation that he was sorry he could not
stay lo hear the presentation of all the matters to eome before the cabinet and expressed
the hope that the speakers would not mini-
niizc what the country was undertaking in
the war, and that in view of the gravity of the
financinl situation it was all the more desirable
and absolutely necessary that the nation's
cheques would be honored al the banks. He
knew there were those who regarded thc fed-
rnl government as possessed of an unlimited
supply of cash nnd credit. This wns not thc
case ns the United Kingdom hnd to bc supplied with food and men on the other side of
the water which was an ndditlonnl burden.
He didn't know how this burden could bc
borne during the balance of thc year. "I
nm not suggesting that your ense should not
have the most careful consideration," said Sir
Robert. "I hope you will consider what we
have to confront every day and hour. It
should also he remembered that tbere arc fifty
thousand people in thc outside government
service. Thc public arc very favorably disposed towards the requests of thc letter carriers and so arc we for tbat matter, hut those
responsible for the carrying on of the country s business must consider what thc fifty
thousand employees on the outside will think
if wc accede to this request. Naturally wc
who have to deal with this request must consider wbat they think. We will consider your
claim, but hope you will take into account the
various considerations I have mentioned to
you. You jnusl give some weight to requests
involving large expenditures of money. I bave
listened to the representations made by the
letter carriers on previous occasions, and
have been vecry much impressed.
Mr, McMordie said that tbe bonus of $100
received in 1917 followed the request made for
nn increase in snlnry in the year 1916, but the
S100 had all been eaten up with the increased
cost of living.
Sir Robert Borden—Sometimes there is delny in dealing with all matters that come before tbe government.
President Watters urged thc cabinet to remember tbat the letter carriers had to endure
all -kinds of weather and for that renson they
deserved special consideration.
Mr. McDonald, from thc letter carriers re-
outiide employers were not allowed to make
any exception to thc number of umplnyces involved in wnge increases and therefore thc
governu.'ii should not emphasize thnt fentui
He said iifc letter carriers were on a par with
other citizen and had to pay their taxes nnd
meet other expenses, but Government env
ployees had  not  been  treated fairly,
Mr. McDonald, from tb letter carriers, referred to thc question asked hy Mr. McLean,
with reference to the filling of places of let- I
ter carriers if tbey resigned nnd reminded the
minister tbat when a letter carrier spent all his
life in the post office department he was not
in a position to enter other occupations and
therefore it wns very unfair to ask such a
luestion. "We are merely asking for what
is fair and just nnd frt feel that the people
of Canndn will not begrudge us whnt we arc
asking for. Some of tlie men in the service
nre getting as low as $1.90 a day and have
children to support. I am onc of the unfortunates who saved money, but have had
to spend tt all to meet the increased cost of
Sir Robert Rorden—"Thc government wants
lo treat everybody fairly, but wc arc not living under ordinary conditions today and will
hnve to do thc best wc can. I am sure the
people realize the true situation."
Sir Robert then left the conference to fulfil
another appointment.
Mr. E. W. A. O'Dell presented the case in
favor of old age pensions and pensions for
widows and deserted wives. He made special
reference to the physical condition of widows
and deserted wives when compelled to go out
to work to support their children and pointed
out lhat such responsibilities resulted in physical and mental disability of the women who
were left unprovided for. He emphasized the
fact that the pensions would prove a great
advantage to the aged and particularly to thc
widows and deserted wives who were greatly
in need of the necessary financial assistance.
He urged upon the Government to pass the
Hop, N. W. Rowell—"Have you any Information regarding the operations of the widows' pensions acts in thc different states of
the United States?"
President Watters and Mr, Tom Moore assured Mr. Rowell that the operation of the
legislation bad affected a saving beeause the
pensions were less than the nmount required
to provide for the children on the basis of
Mr. T. A. Stevenson, Toronto, dealt with
the questions of labor representation upon thc
commission promoting the vocational training and industrial education of returned soldiers and strongly urged thnt there should bc
a laborman on the commission in order tbat
harmony might continue between the trades
unions and those responsible for thc training
of thc soldiers. "Last week I had a talk with
the gentleman in charge of this work In Toronto and also with Capt. Holmes and both
agreed that lahor should be represented in an
advisory or representative capacity. They
stated tbnt tbey wanted some practical men
to confer with and that a committee ot thc
Trndes and Labor Council should be appointed
to co-operate witb them. I realize that you
must sec thc importance of this suggestion."
Mr. Stevenson cited lbe -ense of one trades
union in Toronto that would have been seriously affected if tbe policy of thc commission
had been carried out. It was a lack of information tbat led to thc adoption of the objectionable policy.
Mr, Rowell suggested that Mr. Stevenson
should get in touch with Sir James Lougheed,
. , chairman, Military Hospitals Commission,
receiving | under whose jurisdiction lbe vocational train-
a of returned soldiers came.
Mr, Stevenson then took up the question of
thc regulations instituted by the food controller and stated thai while organized labor
wanted to assist as far as possible in thc
carrying nut of these regulations tbey realized tbat the regulations were going to he
abused. He referred to large restaurant* and
eating Houses where bread .and butter used to
bc server! free with a lunch, but when the
food ennl roller ordered a substitute for the
bread a charge of 5 cents was made for tbe
substitute. Vegetable pies hail also been substituted for meal pics nnd the price hail immediately jumped from 10 cents to 15 cents
each, Lunches. Including small quantities nf
food, had been increased from 45 cents to fiO
cents nnd from 50 cents lo 7S cents, He
urged lhat if there wns going to be regulations
of fond supplies fnr lunches nnd meals generally there should also be a regulation of prices
ns it was unfair to expect that the sacrifice
was going to be made in both tbe quantity of
food consumed and the prices paid. He nsked
if it would not he possible for the government
inspector who entered restaurants to sec if
the regulations were being carried out could
not  also regulate the prices of food.
Mr. Rowell advised Mr. Stevenson or the
members of the executive council of thc congress to bring that matter before thc attention of Food Controller Thompson.
Mr. Draper said thc delegation objected to
more money being charged for less food and
Mr. McLean replied that the food control
hoard had nol undertaken thc controlling of
the prices of food. Mr, Rowell pointed nut that
the fnod controller brought bis recommendations to the government and therefore it would
he better to get in personal touch with the
controller, Mr. McLean suggested the appointment of a sub committee nf the delegation to take the matter up with the food con
President Walters suggested that lnbor
should have representation nn the food con
trol hoard so that influence could he exerted
tn rcgiilnte the prices nf food. He had no
objection In the three men who now const!.
tnled the Board and bad a high regard for
Mr. Thompson hut he thought the great con
sinning public should be considered.
Mr,  Draper referred to the large number of
girls  who  could   gel   a  lunch   fnr   IS  nnd   20
cents but now were compelled to pny 45 and
50 cents for a lunch.    Mr. McLean asked if
representations could not he made to their
employers to increase tbeir wages so that they.
could afford the meals at the higher prices.
Mr. Simpson pointed out that such a policy
wns merely like going around in a circle and
did not get anywhere. It was taking thc
course of least resistance in asking labor organizations to demand more money to meet
the increased cost of living while the government were failing to exercise their powers in
controlling prices and thus providing thc working girls with a good meal at a decent price.
Mr. Stevenson said tbnt when the people
could get wheat bread they could get it for
nothing but when they could not gel it they
bad to pay a high price for what they could
Mr. Draper pointed out that there would bc
a limit to the demands for higher wages and
that something should be done to interfere
with the food profiteers.
Mr. Moore reminded Mr. McLean that an
illustration of his own suggestion was found in
thc letter carriers demand for higher wages.
"Y«l, and Mr. McLean is the employer i
this ense," said Mr. Simpson.
Mr. McLean—"But you can't expect us to
give the letter carriers an Increase right now."
Mr.   McDonald—Mr.  Simpson has made
very good point,
Mr. John H. Kennedy referred to his experience in going to the restaurants in the
lnrge departments stores of Toronto, and
said surely thc government were not going
to allow people to go in for a meal and come
out bungrv while tbey had to pay more for
what tbey did get. He didn't think thc workers should be asked to help thc boys at the
front by eating less and paying more, but
thnt Ihe government ought to provide machinery for the regulation of prices.
Mr. Alexander Kahn, of New York, nsked
for thc re-admission of thc Jewish Forwnrd to
thc Canadian mails. lie snid he did not appear for the publishers, but for thc larger
number of Jewish workers who desired the
paper, He said the paper wa» published in
the interests of tabor and that when thc official
censor banned a large number of publications
from Ihe Canadian mails the Forward was one
of lliem. He had learned from Dr. Coulter,
deputy postmaster-general, nnd Colonel Chambers, the official censor, that there were no
grounds for thc banning of the Forward, hut
that it had been included in thc blanket order.
Thc objections to tbe banning of the paper
had been made to the postmaster-general and
to bis deputy, and a recommendation bad been
made for its readmission. Something had happened which prevented the carrying out of
the recommendation. Mr. Kahn said that the
Forwnrd had been running an annual feature
for many years which consisted of the publication of the leading editorials from other
prominent daily newspapers. The selection ol
these editorials had been usually left to the
editor-in-chief but It so happened in the
month of July, during the absence of the
editor-in-chief, that one editorial from the
Hearst papers was published. If the editor-in.
chief had been there it would never have gone
into the paper but unfortunately it came to
the observation of Mr. Chambers the chief
censor, and he refused to approve thc recommendation readmitting the Forward to the
Canadian mails. "This was n mistake likely
to happen in any newspaper office," said Mr.
Kahn. "Today, however, thc Forwnrd is one
of the great Americanizing forces in the
United states and while it maintained a position of neutrality before the United States
went into thc war it is now giving enthusiastic
support to thc government. Thc censorship
in the United States with regard to mailing
privileges is even more strict than in the Dominion of Cnnada and yet thc Forward is
permitted freedom of circulation on the other
side of tbe line. The paper was not as enthusiastic in fnvor of the Allies as you would
have liked it to be beforc thc United States
went into thc war but now it is strong pro-
lion. Mr. McLean—"How long is it since
on saw Mr, Chambers?"
Mr. Kahn replied that it was about a month
the Central Immigration Authority which it
wns proposed to establish to deal with the
problem of immigration. This central authority would have its headquarters in London, England, and as the immigration question would be a big one beforc thc conclusion of thc war, it was important that Mr. W
R, Trotter, who had given fifteen years' study
to the question of immigration, should be appointed labor's representative on the central
authority. He said Mr. Wntlers had taken
the matter up with the new minister of immigration and expressed the hope that the gov-
eriimnt would accord labor rprcscntation on
the board, lie reminded thc government thnt
they had agreed that labor should have representation on all committees and commissions
and up to the present the government and
labor representatives had worked well together. His criticism was tbat no labor representatives had been appointed to the war
purchasing commission and food control board,
and labor representatives should be appointed
to both these commissions. It was important
that fair wage schedules should bc included
hi all contracts for war supplies.
Mr. Draper drew attention to the fact that
thc membership of organized labor in Canada
had increased to 204,000 and that harmony
could best be maintained by adequate labor
representation on all government commissions.
Mr. John W. Bruce urged thc abolition of
all election deposits and expressed the opinion
that It was important that all men who desired
to run for thc federal parliament should bc
free to do so without such an imposition. He
asked if the government were going to compel
returned soldiers to put up a deposit when
they wanted to run for parliament. He said
there were a large number of labor men who
Mr. Tom Moore presented thc argument in I
favor of an amendment to the federal order in I
council which prohibited the importation and
exportation of beer with two and a half per
cent, alcohol. Mr. Moore asked that the order
be so amended as to permit the importation
and exportation of beer with two nnd a-half
per cent, of alcohol. "Many of thc men in
the labor movement look at the question of
temperance (rom different points of view.
Some think the desire for a stimulant can-
riot he wiped out by law and that drastic legislation establishes a use for drugs and commercial alcohol. Such habits result In decreased efficiency and sometimes in death."
Many of the trades believe tbat they should
hav a beer with 2 1-2 per cent, alcohol, after
their day's work. This applies particularly to
the steel and coal industries. We are of the
opinion that a certain quantity of alcohol
would he of advantage. Men have been importing liquors from outside and this had led
to secret drinking, The result has been that
on Mondays and Tuesdays many men have
been away from their employment and production has suffered. Other countries have
learned that when drinking has been prohibited by law men bave been driven to carry nn
the trade under ground. There arc twenty-six
large labor organizations which hnve endorsed
the request for beer with 2 1-2 per cent, nl-
cohol nnd while a few organizations have
gone on record against such a request the
great majority have favored this suggested
amendment. If we hnd a beer with 2 1-2 per
cent alcohol instead of 2 1-2 per cent, proof
spirits it would not be Intoxicating, but would
bc n substitute for distilled liquors. Knowing
the necessity of a palatable drink we nsk for
legislation to permit its sale. Thc brewing of
beer with 2 1-2 per cent, proof spirits, proves
injurious to the system and men who take
two or three drinks detrimentally affect their
Mr. Moore then dealt with thc question of
separation allowance pensions and patriotic
contributions to thc reservists in thc Allied
Armies and said it was an injustice to such
a worthy clnss of recruits who were called to
the colors of Belgium and other allied coun
tries when they had to subsist upon the nl
lowanccs granted hy their own countries. He
urged that thc regulations applied to Canadian
Overseas Forces should also apply to Uicse
reservists, He quoted thc fact that the pay of
thi- Belgian soldier was 5 cents per day, and
ir was very hard on their families left at home.
Mr. McLean wanted to know if there was no
patriotic fund for such families. Mr. Simpson
replied: "Only such funds as were raised by
the people of their own nationality." Mr.
Moore asked that the government seriously
consider increasing these allowances. He
said thnt with tbe increased cost of living
it was also dl sirablc that the allowance to
Canadian soldiers and pensions to their dependents should bc increased as thc English
government had taken radical steps along that
line. "Wc have listened to thc premier with
reference to the conserving of our finances but
it is the first duty of thc nation, even with
thc prospect of bankruptcy to look after the
citizens who have been on nctivc service In
France." Mr. Moore also urged the abolition of
the Patriotic Fund, as now organized, and advocated the raising of equivalent sums of
money by direct taxation. In this connection
he pointed out that some municipalities nnd
thc provincial governments were raising money
for war purposes by an increased tax on Innd
values and other methods of direct taxation.
Mr. Draper then took up the question of
the appointment of a labor representative upon
bad to nay thc $200 deposit at thc last election and thnt he wns one of them, but thnt
he did not want his money bnck. "I feci that
we cannot have thc true spirit of democracy
as lung as we demand the election deposit.'
Mr. Bruce further urged thnt federal election
day should bc a public holiday and cited the
fact that nt municipal elections there was a
larger percentage of votes cast, because the
day was a public holiday. Tf this could not
bc granted the hour for voting should bc extended. The workers could then vote after
their day's work was done as it was impossible owing to the overcrowded condition of
thc polling booths for them to vote at the
noon hour or between four and five o'clock at
night when there 'was a special rush of voters,
He also urged the necessity of allowing train
crews and other groups of transient workers
to vote by registered mail.
Mr Bruce further advocated thc amendment
of the criminal code to prevent tbe issuing of
injunctions interferring with the right of strikers to picket and favored the following of
British precedent in this regard He refecrred
to the issuing of three injunctions in thc city
of Winnipeg to prevent the workers from
peacefully conducting their strikes and predicted much industrial trouble if thc law was
not amended to protect striking workers
Mr Draper pointed out that the provincial
government of Quebec had given a decision
that it was a federal responsibility to protect
strikers from these court injunctions
Mr W F Bush reiterated the demnnd for
a proper registration of union labels He
said there was an evident desire on the part of
thc government to co-operate with labor and
urged them to bring the union labels under
thc Trades Marks and Designs Act He said
that the union labels were recognized in this
wny in every stnte of the United States and
tbat although the House of Commons had
passed the necessary legislation it had been
thrown out by the banking committee of the
Mr. Draper pointed out that many of the
members of that committee had died since
thc bill was thrown out and therefore greater
success might bc experienced in passing Ihe
legislation again.
Mr. James Simpson strongly urged thc
serious consideration of the enactment of an
eight-hour law to apply to all government
employees and employees engaged by contractors doing government work or employed on
(Continued on pngo 7)
Goitre and
the Eyes
<L] Goitre, brought about by
defective eyes, hns been cured
by the use of tho jiroper
glasses. Dr. I'M win P Mow-
era, physician of Internntionnl
reputation, the authority who
deserib'H a enso, gives tills explanation—"Tho constant nnd
abnormal exorcise of tho nerves
and dolicnto muscles of tho
eyoH results In lho wastage uf
a tremendous amount of nor-
vuu s nnd physical vnorgy,
which Is reflected nlong tho
linos of lease resistance, producing painful or dnngornus
disorders, sometimes In organs
remote and apparontly unconnected with tho original source
of trouble. It may oven cause
a disordered function iu some
of thc glands.
IJ Further, ns the cnwgy of
tnwa than ono • third of tho
brain Is used by tho visual
centres, any extra strain upon
tho norves and muscles of tho
oyes naturally causes a weakening or ovon nn impoverishment of tho brain Itself I"
Ifl The scientific examination
of the oyos nnd tho grinding
and fitting of glasses Is my
profession. I havo hero tho
most complete equipment, nnd
offer, at moderate cost, service
second to nono on this, continent.   May I servo youiv
Seymour 1993
Qranrllle Optical Oo,
Boliw Dryidnle'g
S. T.Wallace's
"You Benefit"
Sty. 784 and 1266
'8. O. S." (Save Our Supplies)
—Canada Food Board.
Qunkor Dolled Oats, tubes  88c
Rogers' Golden Syrup, 4's  44c
Canada First Pork & Beans.. 10c
Brown Bonns, 3 lbs 26c
Whito Beans, 2 lbs 26c
Ashcroft Beans, per lb 16c
Peanut Butter, por lb 26c
Bring containers
Flour, old grade, 24's  21c
Cowan's Cocoa, ltis 40c
Cowan's Cocoa, Vj's   21c
Vantoria Strnwborry Jam 2 's 38c
Salt, 6 for  26c
"Family" Soda Biscuit, just arrived, per pkg  33c
Also Meats and Produce
oipiiiu Lahw Tmii
VAH0OVT1B. B. 0.
—HeaoVlwten Itr Laber Men—
Ratea—75c and 11.00 par day.
$2.60 par waak aid np.
Ola at Baaaalatia IMu
Refined Service
One Block west of Court House
(V of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Telephone Sermon 1416
Pocket Billiard
(Bnaawtek'Balka Cullender Oo.)
—Heada-uiteia tar Unlia Hen—
Unlon-nade   Tobaccoi,   OUari   aad
Onlj White Help Employed
42 Hastings St. East
Amphora Plaid Is an
Exclusive Saba Material
A beautiful silk ancfVool plaid
of extraordinary charm. The
plaid design ia done in self colors
and adds much to tho richness of
the offect.
A suiting and coating material
that is to be seen only at this
store; 40 inches wide; grey,
khaki, tan. peacock blue. Fer
yard   f4.76
Cinderella Silk
(A Persian Stripe)
One of the most beautiful Bilks
produced this year. The bold
stripes of oriental colorings are
most attractively good looking
and athletic.
This silk is heavy enough for
sports coats and skirts. Many
attractive designs and colorings.
Exclusive with Siibas; 40 inches.
Por yard   13.50
Saba Bros
The Silk Specialists
There's More Than
—for tho popularity of "EMPRESS"
Brand Coffee.
It's admittedly tho most economical.
It's absolutely pure. It coHts less
than a cont por cup. lis delightful
flavor nover falls.
II*'    BRAND      S
Buy It today in the now War container, at
40 Cents Per Lb.
and effect it saving of 10 cunts. Put
up in the wholo berry—your grocer
will gladly grind It for you, and
remember if it isn't RIGHT, he'll
give you  your money back.
Tho   "Empress"   guarantee   is bo
hind it today, as in tho past.
—of real pleasure spread over
tho face of all good workmen
whon they soo for tho first time
our immense stock of
Tools for
He realties ths fact that ho Is
talking to expert tool men who
tako special pleasure in showing
him tho individual merit of each
Ho learns that special tools can
bo bought here that cannot bo obtained elsewhere.
He Is quick to realize tho fact
that tools of shoddy manufacturo
are absent  from our stock,
He is mado to feel at home and
w.'Iconu- as tho flowers In May
whether ho makes a purchase or
J. A. Flett Ltd.
Tool Experts
339 Hastings  Street West
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furniture Co. Ltd.
41 Haitian Stmt Wnt
If you haven't jained tko Federated Labor
Party, tet In touch nith Secretary Taottar,
Room 206, Labor Temple, or any of the vice* j
presidents throufheut the pro.lnce. *
Time is always at a premium. This
applies particularly to businoss men
who aro constantly trying to crowd
moro than ono day's work into eight
hours. Nothing helps more to rush
business along than tho telephone—It
is tho great time-savor.
Prompt tolephono servico depends
not on tho operator alone. Sho doeB
her beBt and with considerate cooperation the maximum sorvico
effectiveness   can   he realised.
B. 0. Telephone Oompany, Ltd,
•; 4x-
omoiAL pafbb Minn aott
TENTH YEAR.   No. 19
(!■ VaaotnwV
. Olty. MOO )
$1.60 PER YEAS
THE MAN or the woman who has not had his lost or
missing'teeth replaced does not know the comfortable feeling of satisfaction and assurance of those who
New Teeth Replaced by Dr. Lowe Give
Satisfaction, Comfort and Long Service
DB. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth
that in many instances will do the work as well and
look better than your original teeth,
Dr. Lowe's pricei, value considered, are reasonable.
DR. LOWE, Dentist
(Opposite Woodward's Big Store)
108 Hastings St. W., Oor. Abbott.     Phone Sey. 6444
We have Union-made Footwear of every
description for the. Union Man.
We are specialists in Men's Shoes, and
being specialists in this line, you'll not
find anything lacking to have our stock
just what you'd expect to see in
a high-class shoo storo. f
Look for tho Union Label on
your purchase
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Only Celebration of International Labor Day in
Western Canada
The Day Devoted to Sports
Speeches, Song and
General Joy
[By Walter Head.]
7.—I mado a alight mistake last week
when offering up praise to MesBra. Bordon, Oliver, ot al, for sending us such
flne weather for our First of May celc-
bration. '' Jim'' Hawthornthwaite
claims that he wade the arrangements
with the weathor man. Such being the
case no thanks is duo to anybody, for
that iB only tho duty of a working class
parliamentary representative.
The celobration commenced at 9 a.m.,
with tho band meeting the morning
train, and after playing at several
points in tho camp tho band led tho
children in a procession up to the
sporta grounds, where a full day's enjoyment waa put in. It ia generally
noticed that the celebrations held in
Nanaimo are all over before they are
fairly started, but our sportB took up
every minuto of the day, many people
having to leave to catch tho 7 o'clock
train before the events wero finished.
It would bc hard to say which event
nroused the most interest. There wero
foot races run for boys and girls in
years from fivo to 14; races for old
men, young men, married wonien, single
women; a tug-of-war, livo-a-sido; football competition, bicycle races and first
aid contests.
Tho local company entered into the
spirit of tho dny. Tho president of
the company answered one appeal by
donating $25; the minor officials of tho
company also contributed, and aome of
thom entered in the sports. So, taking
everything by and large, everyone had
a good timo.
Worked the Bluff
Of courBo there is alwayB bound to be
a fly in tho ointment, and it is understood that tho boBscs of the Mackenzie
& Mann outfit sent word to their alaves
on the day beforo the celebration, that
laying off would mean dismissal.
Unfortunately many of said BlaveB
hadn't got tho nerve to call the bluff,
consequently tho attendance throughout the day from tho Ladyamith and
Extension waa not what it might havo
been. Howevor, tho attendance from
outside points wna much bettor than
Inst yoar, which is a sign of awakening
interest. And who knows but what
next First of May will seo all tho
miners of this district idle, and I havo
a hunch  that such will bo tho caae,
I 'm aome prophet, too, for I introduced
"Jim" Hawthornthwaite laat year aa
our next M. P. P.," and so it wae.
I've heard it Baid that "if wo had
faith as a grain of mustard seed we
could move mountain!" So surely it
shouldn't tnke much faith to move a
two-by-four Mackenzie & Mann boss.
Any way wo are going to try. But wo
will boar in mind that "faith without work accomplishes nothing," and,
believe mo, we aro going heavy on the
Dave Rees Speaks
Owing to our numerous sporting
events overlapping, the main part of
thc programme wns somewhat dolayed.
It was after 5 o'clock beforo wo start-
id tho speaking, but when it did start
it was a whirlwind.
Dave Beea was thc first spenker, and
ho gave a brief story of tho May Day
festival. He told of how May Day
waa first held for tho purpose of celebrating the advent of spring, but is
now held for^the purposo of celebrating
the   international   character   of    the
Walk Upstairs and Save Ten
DRAFTED! Everyun-
necessary dollar of expense
A "SURPRISE ATTACK" has been made on precedent—every
dollar has been marshalled on the "firing line." High rents
haye been blown to smithereens through my second-storey, "strategic" position; that enemy of value, delivery expense, has been
completely annihilated by my "pack your own kit" formation,
while credit losses have been decisively defeated by my "every
man for himself," cash as you "go over the top" idea. All resulting in a big victory in clothing values; and the reason why I can
save you $10 on your clothes.
TODAY the EOBINSON UPSTAIRS SHOP is the clothing headquarters ol'
thc community, It is giving clothing unequalled in Vancouver. Specialization and centralized buying with enormous turnover has given the HOB1N-
SON chain ot* stores an unrivalled quantity-purchasing position in Canada;
and this store is one of the links. Thc facts why ROBINSON sells for .+ 10.00
less arc easily appreciated. They aren't difficult to
prove. The quality and smartness of the clothes
docs that. If you are open to conviction, we'll he
glad to present our evidence.   Come up today.
—My Guarantee—
If you can duplicate elsewhere my $21 clothes for
less than $30 to $32, and my $25 clothes for less
Robinsons (Mies Shops
The Largest  Exclusive^
^Clofhiers  in Canada
WINNIPEG       v
Two Stores
(Over World Office)
Entrance 441 Hastings St.
President—Gordon J. Kelly,
. Vancouver,
Secretary—W. R. Trotter, Ltbor
Temple, Vsncouver,
Treasurer—MIbb Helena Out*
toridge, Labor Temple, Vancouver.
Vice-presidents — Victoria, J.
Dakere; Vancouver Island, T.
Weatwell. Soutli Wellington; Vancouver, E. T. Kinsley, K. H. Neelands; Now Westminster, W.
Yates; Prince Rupert, Geo. B.
CuBey; West Kootunay (north),'
H. Kempster, ReveUtoke; West
Xootonay (soutli), f, Pest-trill, Nelson; Crows Nest Pass, H. Beard,
Michel; Boundary, Jas. Roberts,
Coltern; SlmJllcamcon, W. Smith,
PARTY is organized for the pur-
fume, of securing Industrial iegls-
ation, and for the collective ownership and democratic operation of
the means of wealth production..
The membership fee Is fixed at
$1 por year, SO cents of whicb
goes to the centrnl committee for
the purpose of defraying expenses
of goneral organization work.
The membership roll is open ln
each electoral district and all persons are Invited to sign who are
willing to and endorse the objects
of tbe organization.
Apply to the vice-president of
your district for further information,
ML T. C. of Victoria Holds
44-hour Week Is Suitable Maximum
Lively Meeting IJeld in Victoria on Question of
Hours on Friday
VICTORIA, May 7.—Tho Metal
Trades Council wont on record last Friday as being opposed to the 48-hour
weok stipulated in Mr. Justice Murphy's finding in connection with shipyard labor. Tho finding stated that
tho Imperinl Munitions Board waB
bound to pay the ten per cent, inerease
domanded by tho men, bat only on condition that they accept a 48-hour week,
as is effective in the United1 States,
where the Macey' award applies.
It has developed that the men employed at the Assembly Plant, Ogden
Point, and at the dockyard, who are
now working on a 48-hour arrangement,
will demand a 44-hour week instead.
Notice to that effect have been posted
at the two placeB. The Metal Trades
Council, it is understood1, holds the attitude that forty-two hours per week
is long enough for any man to work
in Victoria, and while it iB against the
commission's finding in this respect, it
is hopeful that a satisfactory compromise can bo effected.
The council will be strictly neutral
in the Machinists' strike. Tho 200 machinists arc still out, and thoro are no
signs of an early settlement, although
tho men havo only thoir own union to
look to for striko pay and, because their
notion has not been endorsed by the
Metal Trades Council, they cannot get
international support.
Mr. James Dakers, president of the
council, leaves today for Taeoma, where
he will attend a big gathering of the
metal trades to discuss various matters connected with the shipbuilding
industry. While on the othor sido he
will investigate how Seattle, Portland
and Taeoma are running their municipal fish markets, with a view to having
some action taken along thc same lino
in Victoria, In regard to this part of
his mission he is acting under instruc-
The Irrepressible Irishman
"Jim." Hawthornthwaite then took
tho platform and delivered one of his
rousing speeches, "Since becoming n
membor uf tho legislature," ho snid,
"1 hnve beon nblc to wield some influence. For inst mice, I mndo a special
plen for fine weather for yon, and you
can soo tho result, I musi sny that rhe
action of the South Wellington minors
in taking ti holiday is to bo commend'
od. The minors of tho whole district
today hnd ihe opportunity of >solidt-
lying Iheir forces, but, unfortunately,
they hnve lot it slip. However, the
time will como when tho miners of this
Island will bo forced to fight or to go
under. Todny I hnve a mossflgo to deliver to Ihe ministers of the gospel who
are in this audience. For nearly two
thousand yenrs your class hnve hnd the
opportunity of preaching the doctrine
of brothorhood nnd you have failed in
tht; mission you are supposed to fulfil.
We hnvo today the spectacle of ministers in Germany praying for victory
ovor the Allies, and ministers in allied
countries praying for strength to
slaughter Germans. Labor, in celebrating this International Labor Dny,
hns done more for the cause of brotherhood than you have done on 52 days
of tho year for 2,000 years, and it
Labor that will finally bring the human
nice out of darkness into light. Thc
price of liberty has always been paid
in blood, und out of this present war
will arise nnother war which will be n
war of emancipation. Thn workers
hnvo no quarrel, nnd when the muster
cluss started this war they signed their
own death warrant. Past revolts have
been merely locnl affairs, as was the
slave revolt of ancient Babylon, but a
revolt is not only duo, but il. is horo,
and it will be world-wide in character.
The governments of tho dny cannot
solve tlie returned soldier problem as
long iih tho present system of production for profit remains. The close of
this war will see tho collapse of in
dustry. The tendency will then bt
towards a lowering of wages. This
will be roslstod by lahor, nnd Ihe inns
tors will attompt to use returned sol
diers ns strikebreakers. That will fail.
and Ihe common people, of which tin
rotuniod Boldiors ere part ami parcel
oil, which has endorsed thc municipal
fish market proposal.
Constructional Ironworkers were welcomed to tho meeting of the Metal
Trades Council for tho first time.
Labor movement. It is a day, he Baid,
upon which the workers of tho world
sit down and seriously consider tho
problems with which they aro confronted, and the eyes of all countrloB will
soon bo upon one another.   In dealing
with the war he said that the progress tl frQm ft Trade8 * fl L b Cmm.
tho workers have made may havo been
one of the causes of the war, but in
spite of the darkness through which we
aro passing, the silver lining on the
clouds will enlarge, and the enlargement will be proportional to the intorest the workers take in studying
their position in society. Mr, Rees
thon quoted tho recent order-in-council
He said thnt if this order-in-council
wore enforced literally, wo would have
to stay away from church, picture
shows and other places of amusement,
for thoy all tnko the people's minds
off the war, aad in order to minimize
the disastrous effffects of this, other
more drastic edicts will surely come.
We 'must build up a strong organization. This does aot necessarily menu
thnt individuals arc to make mnrtyrs
of themselves. The speaker dealt
briefly with other days that aro celebrated throughout the year, the object
of whieh are to foster the spirit of
nationalism and imperialism, und compared them very unfavorably with this
day that/fostors the spirit of internationalism and the common brotherhood
of man. In conclusion he mndo a pica
for a campaign of education in wliich
the principles of collectivism and their
application to tho workers' problems
should bo persistently elucidated.
Let us try, he snid, to moke conditions
for our children better thnn those we
have beon living under. He told tt
story of a prisonor who had for years
beon confined behind iron bars, who,
lpon trying the door, found it open,
and walked out a free mnn. Our condition is ,siniil# to that prisoner's; we
nre in a prison, and ns u clnss we do
not know that the door is open.
Notice to Machinists
and Shipyard
Do not risk your life unnec-
cessarily at your work
Safety First
and refuse all substitutes
You can always tell the Safety First All-
over. It buttons close at the neck and
sleeve. The lower half is just like the Carhartt Overall, only it can be tucked in with
a button at the ankle.
Victoria Yards Follow Practice of Mainland Yards
in This Regard
VICTORIA, Mny 7.—As the result of
an arrangement with thc employers, the
ship workers ut the Cnmeron-Gonon and
Foundation Yards last Saturday afternoon followed their own inclinations.
For the first lime since tho Imperial
Munitions Bonrd contracts hnvo been
under way these shipyards hnvo been
losed down lit noon, the object being
to give tho employees a little relaxation from the labors of the week. Representatives of the men approached the
employers this week and requested n
four-hour shift on Saturday, und in
view of tho fact Hint soma of the mn-
hinery parts nre delayed in the east,
rendering rush work on the hulls un
essnry, ihe employers suw no particular reason why the application should not be granted.
This innovation, while it will nol
materially retard Ihe work in the ship
ds, is expected to lie of grout bono-
lil to the community ut large, ns it will
give tho men un opportunity to till the
1 nnd becomo more actively identified with the increased production campaign.
Whether or not  ihe Saturday half
ilitlny will continue in the future il is
impossible ut this lime lo conjecture,
but it is likely to be observed d'iiring
Ihe summer mouths.
The mainland shipyards have bqon
observing the Saturday half-holiday ull
nlong, uud, in view of today's action,
il would nppnir lhat the Island yards
nre Palling into lino.
Factory: Entire Eighth Floor
World Bldg., Vancouver
Sti greut hns been tlie demand for
tractors in Toronto, thai the Dominion
governmont has orders for every one of
tlie thousand Irnctora it ordered from
Ihe Ford compnny. No further applications are being accepted,
An order-in-council of October fl,
11)17, passed under thc War Measures
Act, makes vaccination, inoculation nnd
blond test for venereal disease compulsory in the case of every Canadian soldier. Under the same order-in-council,
nny soldier refusing can be tried under
section 18 of Ihe Army Act (referring
to offenses in hospitals), and is liable
to a term of imprisonment up to two
will rise and operate tho industries for
use instead of profit."
Tho Flag of Labor
This part of the programme was concluded by tho singing of the Red Flag.
The remaining events were run off and
everybody adjourned to the picture
show, und nfter the show wns over the
dance started and wns kept up until
the "wee sma' hours." During Ihe
evening a cake, which was donated by
one of the Nanaimo Ind * comrades,
wns drawn for. The lickets were sold
ut 10 cents euch nnd 700 were sold.
The proceeds wrre equally divided between thn F. 1,. 1'. local brunch and
the locnl union, so both onr locnl union
and Iho branch of lho F. I-. !'. are
richer by $85. which will assist in Inlying some more cducalion.
Small Profit on Drugs
The rapid increase in the price of nearly every
line of Drugs and Sundries has reduced our margin of profit to a minimum, but we still pursue our
policy of Cut-Rate Druggists, and being the largest buyers, can save you money on nearly every
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
405 Hastings St. W. Phones Sey. I960 & 1060
F IT IS a Suit that will keep its shape until worn
out you're looking for, there's nothing quite
equal to the famous "T. & D." Suits, for which we
are exclusive agents in the city. They are on sale
Saturday at $4.00 to $8.00 less than their present
Our Peters' "Brotherhood" Overall at $2.00 is half
a dollar less than its value.
You can save about $3.00 on every Boys' Suit you
buy from us.
We are offering on Saturday Men's Fine Shirts at
95c, which are regular $1.50 and $1.75. Also Men's
Suspenders at 25c, worth 50c.
Come in and prove these statements.
117 Hastings St. East PAGE FOUR
..May 10, 1918
Published every Friday morning fey tbe B. C.
Federationist, Limited
E. Parm. Pettipiece Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
After ti p.m.:  Sey   7407K
Subscription; $1.50 por year;    in Vancouvor
City, ?2.00;  to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00
"Unity of Labor:   tbe Hope of tbe World'
FRIDAY May 10, 1918
PAUL M. WARBUBG is vice-governor of the Federal Reserve Board of
the United Stntes. Although his
name hns n sort of Germnn sound, this
should not be taken ns any indication
of luck of knowledge
.FINANCIAL in regnrd to financial
WISDOM mutters.     Even   out
TROM THE TOP  und out Germans
denlly know u lot
about money, for if one-half of tin
tttles with which our ears have beon re
galed In regnrd to the mnny tilings that
have heen accomplished by the Judicious application of German gold be true,
we must give that tribe of supermen
credit for producing the ablest linnnciu'
magicinns that the world lias ever
known. And then ngnin Mr. Wurliurg
must possess eminent financinl qualified
tions or he eould not hold down his pre
sont job. Therefore, anything iu tht
nature of financial hue that, muy eome
from him may safely bo tuken ns tho
real stuff, the very lust word in tho
science of puying for real things with
absolutely irredeemable promises. It
would be littlo short of impudence to
doubt or criticize anything, that Mr,
Warburg might say. And far be it
from us to entertain any disposition to
do either.
*        * *
In a recent number of the United
Statos Official Bulletin, Mr. Warburg
makes it clear, beyond all reasouable
doubt, that a country at wnr can be
saved from defeat through the savings
of its peoplo, in spito of tho
self-evident fact that thoso people
never havo anything to save, nnd could
not save it if they had. Everything
that it is possible for any peoplo to
produco is perishable. It can not be
savod. Proof of this is found in the indisputable fact that nothing material
ever is saved. All is oither consumed
as rapidly as it is produced, or it is
speedily eliminated through the processes of deterioration and decay. True
it is that a record may be kept of it in
either case, but the saving of such records or figures is not calculated to
satisfy a hungry stomach, clothe a naked back, or shelter a shivering soul
from winter's piercing blast. But Mr.
Warburg says that by "saving and
loaning our "savings" to the government, tho country mny be saved from
the wicked designs of its enemies. And
surely Mr. Warburg should know all
about it, if anybody does. We must all
agree on that.
* * *
It may possibly appear to some simple souls, who have no financial sense,
that whatever we muy deny ourselves
in the way of eating, drinking, wearing, etc., at the present time, is forever
lost to us instead of being actually
saved. These simple ones seem to fancy
that that which is denied our stomachs
today in order that oilier equally simple boobs may spill their blood and guts
elsewhere, instead of feeding, clothing
and caring for thomselvcs as sane and
sensible people would do, is not saved,
but wasted. The cuto littlo promises to
pay that we receive in exchange for
what wo thus lose, though handsomely
-etched, engraved and printed in pleasing colors, do not appeal to thoir dull
wits as boing qualified to fill the requirements of food, unless it might perhaps be food for thought. They insist
that a stomach denied now can not be
recompensed in the sweet by and by, no
matter if tho promise so to do does
carry a "generous rate of interest,"
as Mr. Warbnrg puts it.
# * •
After convincingly showing why
"we" should thus save and "lend our
monoy to tho government, Mr. Warburg says, "the alternative must be
inflation with all its disastrous consequences." As it is manifestly cloar
that tho only "inflation" that could
bring pain to tho consnumor of food
would bo that which was caused by
taking oa too great a stomach load, the
"saving' 'advised would bo wisely followed by all who wish to avoid the
"disastrous consequences" of a bellyache. This does not, however, preclude
the possibility of acquiring n figurative
bollynche in the sud days of financinl
collapse that are sure to como whon the
credit bulloon bursts. In those duys
tho best securities iu the world will nt
least be worth no less than the worst.
Presumably Mr. Wurburg will admit
thnt. "To sum it up in its simples!
form," says Mr. Warburg: "On the
ono side of the balance sheet of tho
world corporation uro till the things un-
constimod; on the other side nre the
dollars. If the dollars increase rapidly
mid' th.? 'things' do not increase, or decrease, there must onrJO Inflation of
pricoB. The moans to counteract inflation nre, therefore, on the one hand,
increased produetion and tlecreused consumption of things, und, on the other,
a slowing down in spoed and volumo in
•fronting dollars by the issuo of now securities or currency or credits." But
as all "tho tilings' 'uro consumed, and
•anybody cnn easily verify this by ac-
tunl observation, then it logicully follows that thero is nothing left upon that
side of the "balanco sheet." And this
is literally true. All that hus been produced in the past has already either
been consumed, or is now undergoing
the process. The entire production of
"things' 'each yeur, or other cycle ns
thc cuse may be, is consumed ns rapidly ns produced or at least within the
following yenr or cycle. Nothing remains upon that side of tho "balanco
* * *
Upon the other side are to bc found
what Mr. Warburg culls thc "dollars/'
that is tho record in figures of what
has been produced and consumed during
the pust. These figures continually increase from yeur to year, and this iu-
creaBO constitutes the "inflation" referred to by Mr. Warburg. Evidently
Mr. Warburg, however, does not comprehend the real nature of that which
he terms inflation. Perhaps he fails to
see that all of that which lie terms
"dollars" resolves itself into nothing
more substantial than an accumulation
of ordVsrs upon tho future, or promises
to pay ,and that overything that has
been produced and upon which these
"dollars" huve been predicated huving
ulreudy been consumed, it logicully follows lhat these orders upon the future
can never be redeemed; these promises
to pay can never be mot. Thut which
called (hem into being and which is
continually adding to tho sum total of
their magnitude, absolutely precludes
the possibility of their redemption. Lying behind nil of this financial hocus
pocus und legerdemain is thc one fundamental fact, that "things" cannot bc
taken from those who produco them,
nnd anything in thc nature of nctunl
payment bo made therefor. "Things"
can only be paid for by means of other
"things" just like them. "Dollars"
und other devices of credit, being merely promises to pay "things," and the
"things" against which they have been
issued, huving been consumed, it tony
be readily seen why these promises can
never be met. Thc "inflation" of credit rimst always continue, no mutter
whether it takes the form of currency,
invest ments, loans, mortgages or uny
other financial contrivance. Prices will
continue to advance in spite of ull efforts of governments to control them.
The bulloon will eventunlly burst. The
collapse will come. It will be worldwide. The bankruptcy of capitalism,
und the end of eluss rule is swiftly approaching.   Let il eome.
THERE is no worfl more frequently
used during these glorious days
when democrncy's star is in tlio
useeiidunf, thun (he word sedition. It
is hissed from tho lips of ignorance
upon ovory oeucsiou
WHAT IS AND wherein expression is
WHAT IS NOT given to thought or
SEDITIOUS1? ideu in relation la
the prosent ruling
class holocnust, that is beyond the comprehension of thc stupid nnd the dull
witted. It is spewed upon all and sundry who hnvo the temerity to think in
terms of human progress and real democracy and who, having convictions,
dare give expression to them, by tho
dirty sewerpipe press, that foul latrine
that poisons and pollutes wherever its
foul current flows. Politicians, pulpi-
'8, platform pifflurs and profesorial
ous politics of those internal enemies
who would seditiously hamper hor in
her noble struggle against wicked autocracy and for the salvation of a sorely threatened democracy, at least such
as it is. And in the doing of these
commcudable things you will incur no
risk at the hands of the public authorities. In fact your splendid efforts in
thc noble cuuse of patriotism and law
and order, will ut least meet with their
tucit approval through silence. You
will not be apprehended and punished,
for it is as plain as a pikestaff that in
the doing of any or all of these things
you will not bo indulging in any "con
duct directed against public order."
Certainly not!    Certainly!
SAMUEL   GOMPERS,   the   self-ap-
pointed "directing head and guiding hand of organized labor on this
continont," hus been in Canada recently.   He visited Ottawa on saving mission bent.    Ho came
A DANIEL to   "bring  Canudian
OAME TO labor into line," as
JUDGE US. tho very dependable
daily press of this
most fortunate Dominion succinctly
stut.es. The great man spake most eloquently, und in his well-known impressive manner, "from the premier's sont
in parliament," ngaiu ut "the bnnquet
tendered him by thu government," und
yet once taioro before thc "Cnnndinn
Club" of the Capital City. As usual,
the somewhat conceited old gentleman
"pleaded for tlie unity and co-operation
of all classes of the community, deprecated Bolshevikism," and took a iew
vicious and destructive fulls cut of thc
socinlists in that terrifying and most
convincing fushion that is peculiarly his
very own, und for wliich ho is so widely and ,-justly famous. He solemnly
and even ponderously bemoaned the evident growth of "extreme socialism in
tho ranks of organized labor and its
leaders in Canada." In fact there is
nothing thut can so completely throw
the good old man into a veritable cold
sweat of agony and cause him to copiously emit lugubrious wails and
squawks of real anguish, as thc mero
montion of socialism and the possiblo
acceptance of its teachings and philoso
tecrs, _ ________ ___________________
pundits spit it vfcously forth In unathc- fphy by tho lambs within "his fold.   And
ma upon all who with shaft of reason  that may be quite easily understood, if
and logic would penet rate tho thick
hide of their dull mediocrity and
lumine the dark recesses of thoir normal habitat with the searchlight of
truth so that their dupes and victims
might see them at their true worth and
consequently repudiate them. Like bats
and owls all these creatures of darkness
are terrified by the light. Lot but a
single ray illumine thc dark and
noisome caverns of the slave
psychology in which they mentally, morally and spiritually dwell, and
they are thrown into a veritable panic
of fright. They hiss and spit and spew
their venom upon all creatures of the
light, and faithfully paint their own
'ntelicctual portraits by accusing all
such of possessing the vicious instincts,
low chnracteristics, and criminal traits
that are solely thoir own intellectual
stock in trude.
* # *
Sedition hus been defined as "conduct directed against public order."
Anything that would tend to disturb
public order, by inciting to the breaking of thc civil law or violently disturbing the pcuceful and orderly processes of socinl aud industrial life,
might with good reason be termed seditious, Lest nay reader should unwittingly blunder into seditious action,
however, we feel it a duly to specify
u fow tilings that are seditious and
should not be indulged in, ns well as
a few things that are not seditious,
but, on the contrary, are the highest
evidoncos of patriotism and consequently may be engaged in with impunity.
* #        ■*
It is ut present positively seditious
to express u prof-erenco for pence nnd
goodwill among men, oven nt the coBt
of renunciation and sacrifice, rather
than for war, pestilence, devastation,
and undying hatred and thirst for vengeance, and that too at a cost in renunciation and sacrifice a million fold
greater ithan would be called for to obtain peaco, decency and fraternity to
all thc earth. It is seditious to even
indulge in the most feeble attempt to
calm the war spirit and >exorcise the
savagery and brutality that is rapidly
driving civilization over the precipice
of world suicide. It is seditious to
protest ngainst human slavery; its gallows and penitentiaries; its misery and
its squalor; its lies und hypocrisies; its
endless murders and tortures; its conscription infami.es und its press gang
horrors. It is seditious to refrain from
being shook down by the state for
funds to prosecute pntriotic wars, even
though you are literally broke. In fact
it is seditious to think, speak or act as
though you had even a sneaking idea
that you were anything nbove the level
of a cringing, crawling and servile tool,
wned body nnd soul by those whom
divine providence has appointed to rule
over you and direct your pathway to
the cannon's mouth, for the good of
your country, as well as of your own
immortal soul.
* * *
Among the things that are not seditious u few may be mentioned. It is
not seditious to tin* and fealher any
one whom you wish to get even with,
provided you first declare them seditious nnd get a sufficient number of
othors oqually us brave nud patriotic
ns yourself to onnble you to do it with
snfely, ngninst. the possibility of tin;
seditious one decorating you with the
tar and feathors instead, lu ease you
fee! like it, that is if your bosom swells
sufficiently with putriotism und love of
eountry to prompt, you to noble deeds,
get n large number of similnrly bruve
and true patriots to aid you iu the
noble work, and go forth under the
stars,-or preferably of a cloudy night,
strip and horsewhip a seditious preacher, liko Bigelow for instance, or hang a
Frank Little or a Prneger, only be
sui;y you denounce them as seditious
and demonstrate tlio purity of your motives by loudly affirming your patriotism. Raid tlio premises of the I.W.W,
or tho Socialists and destroy their contents and chase tho culprits out of
town, not, however, without ilrst giving
them a good beating up. You will be
doing a great work for your country
and joy will fill your putriotic soul
or whatever other thong you hnve to
fill, at tho thought of the grand work
you are doing in mnking the world wife
for democracy und unsafe for sedition.
Runt, ruve und howl at ovory onc who
even looks as though ho might be
afflicted with a touch of inlclligcn&e
and a spark of common decency. Denounce him ns seditious, treasonnble,
disloyal und dangerous to the stuto.
Cull him traitor and one well calculated
to give aid and comfort to the enemy
And by So doing you will elenrly cslnb
lish the genuine quality of your patriotism and gallantly do your bit for
your country by frustrating the kuav
one takes the trouble to become acquuin
ted with tho impelling quality of the
psychological influeoce of several hundred thousand dollars of revenue per
annum, upon thc intellectual and moral
fibre that has been by nature especially
attuned to that sort of influence, as
well as fb that which comes by way of
the approving pat upon the back nnd
tho unctuous whisper of flattery in tho
ear, from those | in high places who
never fail to thus reward their faithful
servitors for worthy work woll dono.
* * *
It is claimed by thc press that onc
object of Mr. Gomper's visit to Canada
was to "uso his strong and commnnd-
ing influence to see that orgnnized labor
in this country does not make the mistakes of the Bolsheviks of Russia, or
tho I. W. W.'s of the Pacific const."
To witness this hidebound old reactionary, who never yet was uccusod of entertaining a single progressive idea, or
of boing possessed of any concept of a
labor movement above that dull level
of mediocrity that is fully measured by
the slogan of u "fair day's wage for a
fair day's work," safeguarding others
against the "mistakes" of the most
advanced und enlightened section of the
working cluss of the world, would certainly present a spoctnele so grotesque
so excrutiatingly comic, as to throw a
Scotch Presbyterian deacon into an
apoplectic fit. Whatever mistakes the
Bolsheviki and the I. W. W. may have
made, they have not yet been guilty of
meriting and receiving the approval and
fulsome flattery of the rulers of the
earth and their pimps, apologists and
sycophantic stool pigeons. They have
not made tho kind of "mistnkes that
are rectified by tho application of that
sort of poultice, plaster and coin. As
to Samuel'b "strong1 and commanding
influence," we fancy it is limited to his
own impudence and conceit, and the
rather kindly toleration of his idiosyn-
cracies and dull hallucinations, by the
rank and illo of organizod labor, a toleration that is frequently accorded ancient relics, not for nny virtue they may
possess, but because of their antiquity.
Sometimes wc patiently await the orderly demise, through wear or decay,
of tools, articles of furniture und oven
of bric-a-brac, before replacing them
with moro suitable and up-to-date equipment.
* *        #
There is no duller figure in public or
semi-public life today, than the Bnmo
Mr. Gompors. None more stupidly reactionary aad blind to ull thut makes
for human progress and a higher civilization than he. None moro oblivious
to thc real significance of all thut is
embodied iu the great world holocaust
thnt ia sweeping awuy old institutions
und old political and economic creeds to
the suvuge diapason of ruling clnss cannon and the shrieks and groans of mangled nud dying slaves. Nono more intellectually unfitted and morally un*
equipped to voice the .message of Labor,
now about to escape from its uge-long
bonduge and open the gates of the future to a democracy and liberty that is
not a sham, u vile hypocrisy, a living
and stinking lie, than the bombnstes
furioso porsonuge who so faithfully represents the A. P. of 1„ machine, which
is himself, while noisily und impudently
making pretense of sole nuthority to
represent Labor, thftt giant thut il is
said "conquers all." As surely as tin
suu will rise upon the morrow the gules
of n new era, u better future, will be
opened by tho hnnd of Lnbor nt tbe
close of Ihis ruling eluss war. And woe
bc unto ignorant nnd reactionary flun
koys in that great day, who, in tho
name of Labor, fawn nt the feet of rulers, and lick their dirty boots for either
llnttery or pelf. Neither solf-puffery
nor the mall murk of the antique will
suvc Iheir dirty hides. They may gel
by with it now. but not then. Cnll
ttgain, Sumuel,
Senntor Cloran, an Inmate of the po
Httcal snug harbor at Ottawa, urget
that "Cnnnda follow thc example of
Germany und stimulate the birth rnte
for the purpose of producing the population requisite by Canada." This
may be taken as nn indication thnt
Gorman "kultur" is winning out in
the present delightful struggle. As
population is just now "required" solely for war purposes it might be well to
design a suitable medal I" be given the
female patriot who produces two packages of "cannon fodder" whoro but
one was produced before.
Delaware river Thursday morning. Thc
entire engine of destruction was planned, constructed nnd completed within
ten weeks' timo." Although we have
nothing definite upon whicli to base the
belief that this "engine of destruction" has been built for the I. W. W.,
we still have our suspicions.
Deuths in thc Regular Army, Na-
tional Guard, and Nationul Army cantonments within the United States as
reported for tho week ending April 19,
totalled 278, as against 285 for the previous wook. Of these deaths pneumonia accounted for 189, injury 0, injury by firearms li, nnd suicide 2, the
baluncu being due to various ailmenta
with unprouounceublc nnmes and little
or no meaning outside thc scalawag
profession that invents and uses them
probably for the purpose of camouflaging its roguery. The noneffective rate" (sick) for the National
Guard on the Inst day covered by the
report was 40.8 por 1,000; for tlie National Army 54.2 per 1,000, und for
the  Regular  Army  43.0  per 1,000.
"Many bankers do not understand
that a bank is nothing but a bundle of
debts." These words ure attributed to
James Stillmun, the big New York bunker, now deceuscd. And we havo been
all the time thinking that u bank was
n repository of wealth; u great big
strong box wherein was stored rich
trcusuro so that "moth nnd rust might
not corrupt, nor thieves break in and
steal." And it is nothing hut u bundle
of "debts." And come to think of it,
perhaps it is true, nnd all accumulated
weulth is of tho same character. Our
earnest and heartfelt thnnks are hereby
extended to tho dead banker's ghost
for giving us the tip. It throws a veritable flood of light 'upon the financial
screen, a sort of an X-ruy ns it were,
showing thut there is nothing more substantial behind it than a bundle of
debts thnt are immortal, because there
is nothing to kill thom with.
A bunch of slaves at Chicago were,
by the decision of Judge Alschuler (d—
that German name) who acted as arbitrator in the recent packing house
strike, awarded an advance in wages
which dated back to .Tan. 1, 1918. The
back pay thus coming to them amounted
to about $250 per head for the slaves.
As these miserable wretchcB had been
so poorly paid that they had nover been
able to havo a square menl during nil
thc yenrs they had been working for
thc Swifts, Armours and other beef und
pork pirates, they at once seized the
opportunity to make up for lost time.
As soon as they got the money, they
rushed headlong to the market nnd
spent every lust cont of it in purchasing (God save our buttons) "liberty
bonds.'.' Autocracy is fated and democracy mnde sufc as long as the land
is peopled with such patriots as thnt.
And also how the gods of pork and fat
must chortle with glee at the delectable
Andrew Knruseth, president of the
International Seamen's union, is credited with declaring thut "thc American
Federation of Labor cannot survive the
war; the wnr will destroy all unionism
iu Amcricu, except thc I. W. W." And
yet there is nothing strange about this
except it be the fact that Andrew sees
what is coming. It is reasonnbly certain that this precious war is going lo
destroy capitalist rule, not only in the
United States, but throughout the entire world as well. Whon that monstrosity goes down, all of its attendaat
buttresses, bulwarks and barnacles will
go down with it. This will undoubtedly include thc institution referred to
by the astuto Furuseth. ThoBO who
have known Andrew, however, for the
last couple of decades, will be greatly
puzzled to know how he ever managed
to sec what is coming. He has been
for so long a worshipper at tbe Gomper's shrine, that he might woll bo oxpected to bo us blind as that distinguished pcrsonuge himself.
Tho United Statos bureau of Labor
statistics shows that the average cost
of maintaining a family in decent comfort hus practically doubled in that
happy land since 11100. At trat timo
thc average cost was $709 per year.
Now it will require $1500 to provide
the "minimum stnndard of cornfort."
Tho average required, for a reasonable
standard of health and comfort in 24
principal American cities is $1050. The
department of Health in New York city
fixes the figure for thut city at $1082.
And the figures given do not includo
expenditure for " amusements, charity,
insurance, tuxes, books, newspapers or
expenses incident to sickness and
death." How glorious it is to live inn
laud of democracy, high wages and unbounded patriotism. Of course, everybody knows thnt wagos eo much farther under a democracy, wfid when properly seasoned with patriotism, than ia
possible under u wicked autocracy,
where tho slaves ure driven under the
vicious lash of military rule. Much farther, indeed. And sume slaves don't
know how really lucky they are to bo
thus nursed in the lap of "democrncy."
According to press despatches "three
soldiers who refused to be inoculated,
were ench given two years at hard labor" reeently. This did not happen in
Berlin, Germany, but in Toronto, Ontario. It is a plensure (o know that un
occasional one in the community has ut
least sense enough to refuse to submit
to the foul practice uf poisoning and
polluting healthy tissue und pure blood
by tho Introduction of commercially
prepared filth in the shape of "serums'
and other medicated rottenness. And
il is indeed about lime thnt it became
genorally known thnt the results of filthy hubits and conditions uf living can
not be avoided by introducing concen-
tratod (llth und poison into the human
systom, It is true, however, that thore
is moro revenue for the medicul profession in thnt sort of practice thun would
over uccrue tu it under sanitary conditions of living. Pure air, nourishing
food, proper exercise, plenty of recren
tion, nnd u frequent and intimate acquaintance with a bath tub, will ufford
a far more effective inaurance ngainst
disease and sickness than all the dirty
potions that hnve been commercially
hatched in the sordid and sinister medical school of the ugoa since the first
savage medicine mnn laid the comer
stone of the infamous and deadly swin
Samuel M. Vauclain, vice-president
of the Baldwin Locomotive Works, in
addressing the national committoe of
the American Society of Mechanical
Kngineers recently, is quoted us saying: "Tho greatest engine of destruction that has yet been produced in ur-
. tillery by the great wnr will move out
ish tricks and confaunding tho danger, uf ono of the munitions factories on tho
Tho Federal Bureau of Mines, Wash
inglon, D. C, reports that 2090 minors
wero killed in tho coal mines of thc
United States Inst year. As the total
coal output for thc year *vas somothing
like ti(il),000,00() tons, and by no stretch
of the imnginntion could such an enormous annual produetion bo required for
any renlly essential human purpose, we
urn forced to the conclusion that the
miners who thus lost their lives muy bc
classed umong the human sacrifices that
nre incidental to capitalist industry,
system of industry nine-tenths of the
product of which is an absolute waste
of human energy, for tho simplo reason
that it satisfies no essential and healthy human purposo. It neither feeds,
clothes nor shelters a single human being, -.but upon tho contrary, saps the
energy, poisons the spirit and destroys
the bodies of tho slavos that sweat,
suffer and die in its cruel shambles.
War is ruling class industry running at
top speed. Tho only manner in which
it differs from the dull monotony of
peace is that it is more spectacular
and, therefore, more intoxicating, moro
stimulating, more exciting, more oxhili-
rating and awakens a keener and more
penetrating joy in the ruling cIobs
heart. The killing may be a little more
rapid, foo, but not enough to go crazy
In speaking of "sinking fund provisions" made by certoin governments
for the purpose of meeting bond payments when they becomo due, Boston
News Bureau (financial journal), says:
"Taking Groat Britain, France, Germany and thc United StateB as being
the leading and most responsible governments of the last hundred yoars, it
would appear that definite sinking fund
arrangements wero the exception rnther
than the rule. Tho reason for this, however, lies probably in their very high
flnnncial standing and tho fact that
they possessed nlmost unlimited credit.
This, of course, has ceased to bo truo
of Germany, but* it slill applies, in perhaps a lessened degree, to the other nations."
It uppenrs from this thut Germany's
credit is ulreudy badly shaken, even if
not entirely destroyed, and that of "the
other nations" more or less damaged.
The war is still on, and the prospects
for its continuance for a considerable
period are good. If Germany is already financially broke, or well on the
road to that unhappy fate, and thc rest
of the big financial blowhards arc already more or less badly cracked, ns a
result of loss than four years of this
edifying scrap, how much longer must
it continuo before the entire quartette
will be irretrievably busted nnd their
obligations not worth a dollar per balo?
If the putting of thiB question be seditious, we emphatically waivo all responsibility, ns it has been suggested to our
primitive mind by the above quotation
from u financial journal of authority
and repute.
f_ Who brought tho "alien enemy"
nnd Chinese labor to B. Cf Who is
keeping it hero? This is n question for
the soldiers to ask themselves.    .
IJ The Union government at Ottawa
has already violated its promise to tho
electorate to "conscript wealth" if
elected.   Who snid "scraps of pnper"(
*Q If the farmers of the Cnnndinn
Northwest insist upon conscript labor
for their farms, thon the government
might try conscripting the furins along
with the labor. For that is thc Only
condition upon which the deal eau be
pulled off.
_ There is only one solution for the
problem arising out of the formation
of a milk trust in Vanccr.iver. The city
df should go into the business. Then
all wusle could be eliminated, as well
as the profit-making proclivities of tho
present monopolists.
■IJ Mr, J. H. Tonkin, the minority report member of tho recent shipyard
royal commission, representing the Imperial Munitions Board, thinks labor
should be conscripted by the government for shipyard servico. It can be
safely promised that if the government decides on such a course it wilt
also have to bo prepared to tako ovor
the shipyards themselves at ono and
tlie same timo. Otherwise the workmen
of B. C. will not stand for it. Thore
is a limit to oven tho patienee of workmen.
Great War Veterans Believe
Adequate Separation Allowance Preferable
Abolition of the Canadian Patriotic
Fund and the substitution therefor of
an adequate separation allowance,
which should bc uniform for all ranks,
was demanded by the Great War Vot-
erans' Association of British Columbia
nt last week's session of their annual
convention at New Westminster. This
resolution wus pnssed only after u
lengthy and strenuous debate,
Tho mutter came up for discussion
on a resolution by Comrades Beattie
and Barnard, who expressed thc opinion
that sufficient money should be raised
by the government to care for soldiers'
dependents without subjecting them to
tho taint of charity inherent in the
patriotic fund. Thc Fernio and Victoria delegates strongly opposed this
suggestion, usserting that the C. P. F.
is not tu be regarded as charity. Delegate Barnard, howovor, eame right
bnck with tho assertion that whether
it should or should not, tho fuel is that
the C. P. F. is regarded as charity by
many people, and that this ideu is frequently emphasized by the obnoxious
methods of investigation committees,
Arguments on both sides were put
forwnrd. A government tax would
reach thousands who are not contributing to tho C. P. F. The objection
of increased cost might be met by tho
government ruising the money and
handing it over to thc present organization  for distribution.
Scrgt.-Mujor Jimmy Itobinson made
a strong speech on this subject, terming tho C. P. F, charity and demanding au equalization scheme under which
dependents of all ranks should bc treated alike, for Canada's army is a citizen army druwn from nil rnnks of tho
The resolution as finally paaaed demanded a separation allowance, uniform for tho dependents of nil rnnks,
and sufficient to maintain such dependents without recourse to tho Canadian
Patriotic Fund.
The subscription rate toThc Federationist, at least until the Victoria convention of tho B. C. Federation of
Labor, next January, will remain at $1
pur yoar, payable monthly, where
unions subscribe in u body. Don't wait
any longer. Come in at the old rate today. You will bo getting good valuo
for your money. Secrotary Wells, of
the Federation of Labor, will make an
nfiieinl report covering this question
next issue,
"Of all green things which bounteous earth supplies,
Nothing in greenness with the EMERALD vies."
—birthstone for May—owes its great popularity to its attractive and pleasing color. No other gem is so distinctive' and striking in its beauty.
Your interest in our emerald and diamond rings is appreciated whether a purchase is made or not. A wido range
of prices.
"Tbe Home of Flat Dltmonds"
Oeo. E. Trorey, Man. Dlr.
Oranvllle and Georgia Sts.
Don't stow away yonr spare cash In
any old corner whore It is in danger
from burglars or lire.
The Morchants Bank of Canada offers you perfect safety for yoar
money, and will give you fall banking
servico, whother your aeeonnt la large
or small.
Intorest allowed   on  savinga  deposits. *
<J. N. STAOEY, Manager
Granvillo and Pender
W.*-0. JOY, Manager
Haatinga and Oarrall
There's a movement in tho live-tops, and a
stirring In tho grass:
Aad tho corn bonds its head.
There's H whisper in tho wind, as of things
about to pass,
With n hint of dread.
And tho little moon is dropping  down the
arched of the sky.
Where   tho  clouds  llo curled.
For tho great Red Dawn's a-glimmcr in tho
firmament   on  high,
The great Dawn of the world.
There's a sound of portals bursting and the
smashing through of bars,
And old'values fall away.
In tho East the age-bound giant breaks his
chains and sees the stars
And salutos tho day.
There's  ii sound of  voices singing and thc
tramp of many feet,
And a cry of mirth,
Por  tho  great Red Dawn's  a-glfmmer  that
tho nations como to meet,
Tho grent Dawn of the Earth. .
And Poland in her agony, nnd Belgium in
hor tears,
Hear the  trumpet  call.
Por the   peoples will shake  from  them  the
tyrannies  of  years,
Anil (he idols fall;
Por  thc  might}'  quake and   shiver and  tlio
evildoers pale
At   the   march   of   fate.
For the groat Rod Dawn's o-glinunor over
hill and ovor vale,
The gronl Dawn's nt the gate.
And  Ireland lifts her forehead up, in spite
of mortal pain,
As her sons arise.
Lot   the   blood   of  that  red  Enster  wns   not
shed  for her in vain,
Anil   hope   fills   her   eyes.
They   nre   coming—thoy   nro   coming,   from
the  ends  of all Ihe earth,    '
Where tlie clouds lie curled,
And  tho (,'reiit Rod Dawn's a-glimmcr over
freedom come to birth—
Tho grent Dnwn of the world.
—The Herald.
"Sometimes," confided Mrs. Longwod to
her intimate friend, "I .think my husband
is thi' patientest, gentlest, best natured soul
thut ever lived, und sometimes I think it's
mero laziness."—Southern Woman's Magazine.
CAPETOWN.—General Louis Botha, South
Afrien, in appealing ior recruits to fill tho
cups In the South African brigade in
Europo, asks men of wealth who cannot go
themselves to send substitutes, with whom
thoy might make arrangements.
Cronus, Bridges tad Filling!
mtde the seme shade as yon own
natural teeth.
Dr. Gordon
Open  evening!  7:80  to   8:80.
Dental  nurse in attendance.
Over Owl Drug Store
Pbone Sey. 5238
Printers to The Federationlit
Tho   Federationist   is   produced   from
our   modern   newspapor   printing   plant.
Bank of Toronto
Assets  $84,000,000
Deposits   68,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Savinga Account mey be
opened et The Bank of Toronto
in tbe names of two or more
persons. In these accounts either
party may sign cheques or deposit
money. For the different members of
a family or e firm a Joint account la
often a great convenience. Interest Is
paid  on balances.
Vancouver  Branch:
Oorner Hastings and Cambie Streets
Branches at:
Victoria,   Merritt,   New   Westminster
The Bank of British North America
Established ln 1886
Branches    throughout    Canada    and   at
New  Tork,   San   Francisco   and  Dawson
Savings Department
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both  stores
J. W. Foster
•At The J. N. Harvey Olothing Stores-
47 Men's Suits
$12.75 $14.75 $18.75
There are 23 different patterns and colorings in the
lot. They have been picked from our regular stock
and are to be turned into cash at several dollars a
suit below today's factory prices.
AT $12.75—Sizes 32 to 39 only, suits which we sold
regularly at $15.00.
AT $14.75—Sizes 33 to 38 only, suits which we sold
regularly at $18.00 and $20.00
AT $18.75—Sizes 34 to 39 only, suits which we sold
regularly at $22.50 and $25.00.
AH the above Suits are in the popular pinchback
Don't look for these Suits in our windows; come
inside and try them on.
Also 614-616 Yates Street, Victoria
 Look for the Big Red Arrow Sign ■ FBIDAT...
...May 10, 1918
Week of May 13
Margaret Anglin's Oreat Comedy
"A Pair of Silk
Featuring Margaret Marriott
TMb play will give you a MILLION laughs
Prices:   15c, 30c, 40c.
■Week of May 13th
A Sketch
Evenings:    30c, 400, 66c. 80c
Matinee:     20c, SOo and 66c
Young Swiss Girl Writes of
War-time Troubles in
Whirlwind Dnncors
Dancing, Stories, Comedy nud
6c, 15c, 20c Boxes SOe
a next wb1k
"peacock alley"
McDonnell and simpson
Other Big Features
If you havon't joined the Federated Labor
Party, got in touch with Secretary Trotter,
Room 206, Labor Tomplo, or any of the vice-
presidents throughout tho province. ***
Should be in the home of
every man-
—Phone Fairmont 2624—
The Jtrrii Electric Co., Ltd.
570 Richards Itnet
Jack Warner
Refreshments of every
description supplied
night and day.
Same Old Story of Poverty
and Misery Among Working: Class
A letter waa received in Vancouver
a few daya ago from Switzerland. It
was written at Zurich early iu March,
by a young Swiss girl, to hor brother
hero, but apparently it took about two
months to reach its destination. It is
in German, und in reading it, one is almost startled to flnd that poople who
speak Gorman have just the very same
human make-up as other folk. It also
brings homo that the economic problems in Switzerland are those with
which tho world is face to face olse'
whoro. Here is an extract, literally
"You know it's war-timo now, and
so wc havo to go sparingly with everything. Only one room in the house
muat be heated, and lights must be lit
only when necessary. Thia winter, all
lrusiiless had the same working hours,
8:30 a.m. to 7 p.m., not excepting those
dealing in tho nocossaries of life. Nevertheless, thore was a good deal of extra
work done behind tho scenes, as long as
it waa possiblo, as, for instance, at our
placo, I have certainly a stiff job, so
that I of ton couldn't tell whether I
was on my head or my heels; thank
God it was aomowhat quieter in January und February."
Farther on, mention is made of a
young brother, shortly to leave sehool
to learn aome trade or othor. But the
writer proceeds: "Very likely wo ahall
havo revolution in Zurich by that time.
There has already beon much disturbance in ono district for aome days, that
the whole town was held by the military. Tho socialists niado a disturbance
on account of the graft which is prevalent hero."
Another passage reads: "It is indeed
true that nil kinds of wares aro sold so
enormously dear, that working peoplo
can no longer buy onough to eat. Bo-
sides, tho dealers only sell to whom they
like, or hold tho goods back till a maximum price is established. Timo back, I
shojld' nut have believed that it would
over como to such a pass that we could
hardly got onough to ent; btit that is
certainly the case right now, aad it gets
woi-HO from wook to weok. AU tho staple
fooda aro rationed, with cards and
chocks, and right sparingly. Bread
made of mako, potato meal, chestnut-
meal, barley, and rice—225 gramms
(say, Vj-Iu.) per day, so that we shan't
get too stout; with hnlf litre (say, a
pint) a day. Rico, 400 gramma (hardly
1 lb.) por month; butter, 100 framms
(%-Ib.)j mnccaroni, otc, 3d0 gramms
(%-lb.) per month. Greaso and oil up
to 30 grnmnis (about 1 oz.) per meal."
With n quiet sarcasm, the writer
adds: "That is in ordor that the people may not suffor with 'fatty heart'
In eating, we no longer keep going till
wo havo had enough, but oat as much
as is allowed, und must then bo satisfied." Again she adds: "We havo to
do a bit of baking on thc sido now and
then; that's the only way the broad
will last out. Forhmatoly, Annie is
placed whero sho can get in on the
ground floor a littlo, und so we keop
going; otherwiso it would be bad.['
As a closing item, she gives a bit of
family nows, which has conic from relatives in South Gormnny: "Aftor the
war, ThorcsK is going to got married,
provided hor bridegroom returns home
alive from this folk-iaurder.' And then
she concludes: "I do not rejoice; for,
with me, to rejoice would bo to dream,
at present."
And this ia the "Happy Land" of
the old song:
"hand of song and sunny skios,
Rich in joy and beauty;
Loving hearts nnd laughing eyes,
$til! make affection duty."
Moreover, Switzerland is outside the
wur zone, so far; though it hns been
"invaded" somo hundreds of times
during the war, by air machines and
the recommendation, which is based on
the findings alone.
Employees Accept—"Provided"
Daily press advices from Victoria on
Wednesday stated that Mr. R. P. Butchart, director of shipbuilding for the Imperial Munitions board, had been informed that the Dominion government
had approved of the Murphy commission roport, which found that workera
in the wooden ahipyards were entitled
to an increase of 10 per cent, providing
they worked the 48-hour week, but Mr.
Butchart had no official advice as to
what atand the Imperial Munitions
board was going to take. Tho Murphy
report held that a 48-hour weak was an
integral part of the Macey award, but
tho telegram from Ottawa made no mention of working hours and it is on this
point that men and employers differ.
Tho Metal TradeB Employors' Association of British Columbia met Tuesday ovoning and agreed to accept the
Maeey awnrd provided that a 48-hour
week is worked.
Organized labor, whieh haa been
working 44 houra at the Mainland yards
is opposed to the 48-hour week scalq
and at tho two wooden ynrds at Vic
torin, which huve been working 48
houra, the men took action and reduced
tho hours to 44, offoctivo last Saturduy.
An Ottawa daily press stntomont, on
Wednesday, said: Tho 10 por cent, increase which was recommended by tho
commission enquiring into the British
Columbia shipbuilding dispute will bo
paid to tlie shipyards' employees by tho
Imperial Munitions board. Hon, T. W.
Crothers, Minister of Lubor, stated last
evening that the Imperinl Munitions
board had decided to accept tho recommendation of Judge Murphy and his as
sociates on the commission.
of Ladies' and Men's
worsteds and tweeds,
made to order
Guaranteed Goods
Call and Get Prices
1039 Granville Street
(Continued From Pago 1.)
The fishery products of British Columbia for the fiscal year ending March
31, 1917, totalled $15,311,954, a gain
over the previous year of $773,634.
The demands of the Carpenters' union
of Regina, SaBk., for 05c per hour, commencing May 1, has been granted by
practically all the eity contractors.
In the first four months of this yoar
Saskatchewan had issued 285 more auto
licenses than it had issued for the whole
of last year. In four months 33,000
licenaea have been issued .
(Continued from page 1)
gnnizutiona that **e call your attention
to somo of the factors in the findings
that will have a tendoncy to cause them
to nccept the decision of the commission. You will understand that out of
six wooden shipyards, there are only
two iu which the forty-four-hour week
has been established, the other four,
namely, Westminster, Coquitlam and
th-e two ynrds iu Victoria, have boon
working tho 48 hours since their inception, and naturally theso yards will
take into consideration the amount of
dollars and conts that thoy are in dun-
gor of losing should they reject the
board's finding. You will also notico
that the difference iu rates between the
curpenters nml shipwrights is to bo wiped out, should the finding of the commission be put into force. Would also
point out that thc laborers, should they
accept the finding, would receive higher
than tho Maoey award.
There ia another matter that has
been brought to the attention of tho
executivo, that after all, may bo thc
means of clearing the situation up with
regard to the 48-hour week, and that is,
that tho Metal Trades council of Victoria hnve forwarded a communication
to all the ynrds in Victoria, notifying
them, that on and after Mny 1, 1018,
all organizations afBlinted with that
body will ccaBo work on Saturday ut 12
noon. This so fnr, is not official, but it
is no doubt truo, as wo know, thnt
work on Saturday afternoon, is not
very popular, and for that renson, may
he a big factor in getting the universal
44-hour woek adopted in all yards covered by tho M. T. C.
Thore is another matter that should
be mentioned at this timo, and thnt is,
that somo particular craft may desire
to call attention to some other parts of
the findings that have n direct bearing
on thnt craft ,und therefore wo suggest
that thoy be givon an opportunity to
do so, »s it will bo clear to all that
this report is nocoasarlly very much
condensed, nnd thereforo liable to skip
somo point that would be of interest to
that craft. This iB no way would alter
lives to make safe the homes of those who remain behind, is quite as apparent to you as
to us; and as this is a matter that thc public
is quite as concerned with as either you or
wc, we therefore feel that we should make the
facts public by handing s copy of this letter
to the press.
Wc have no doubt thot you will approve
our doing so, as the honorable intent of your
council is quite apparent; and we certainlly
do not hold you at fault, but we do suggest
that greater control over individual members
of the various unions bc brought about, as
we helive it is possible the whole fault lies
with these 40 men who have individually refused to honorably abide by the agreement
entered into by their union, conjunctively with
your council with us, and the profitable fruits
of which they have previously enjoyed, but
now elect to disregard their obligations to
their union to you and to us, thereby bringing
into doubt thc value of such an ngreement.
It is a consoling fact that while these 40
men have elected to so conduct themselves,
still upwards of 2,000 of our employees, loyal
to the Umpire, and loyal to the organization,
and loyal to their agreement with us, arc still
at work and are content, in accordance with
the understanding wc have had with you, to
await the decision of the government in the
matter, provided such decision is not unduly
delayed. We have already explained that we
felt, in view, of the appointment of thc Royal
Commission by the government and thc resort
of the commissioners now being laid before
the authorities; it therefore would not be
proper for us to take any action until the authorities bave concluded their deliberations
and made an announcement; but wc did agree
with you that any adjustment that may be
made consequent upon thc conclusions of the
authorities would, so far as we are concerned,
provided the Imperial Munitions Board assumed thc obligations developing upon It under the findings of the commission, be effective as from the date at which the report was
brought down, or at any preceding date the
Imperial Munitions Board will agree to set.
In closing, wc may say we understand the
electricians who quit work claim tbey arc not
out on strike, that no strike exists, but they
have merely quit our employ, where they have
heretofore been working at the schedule rate
ngreed upon with you, in order to get better
positions elsewhere; but this, however, is merely subterfuge, and is, we think, evidenced by
the fact that thc quittance was concerted and
simultaneous action, and that the great majority of them did not have other jobs to go to
anil arc at present idle about the town. ,
Tho council listoned to the report of
ils executive committee, dealing with
the Electrical Workers' action. Del.
Cavmichnol reported that thc committoe
hail been unable to bring about an amicable settlement. The mon involved
took tho position that they had simply
quit us individuals, and had not asked
for the sanction or support of either
thoir union or tho Metal Trados conncil.
Sevoral delegates took tho position
that the council must hold itself responsible for tho enforcement of any agreements entered into, and that, inasmuch
as tho Electrical Workers' union was a
part of the council, if the buainesa
agent could not control tho actions of
a minority of the membership the Metal Trados council must do au, or acknowledge it incapable of carrying ff.it
agreements entered into with employers, a position they did not wish to obtain, as much as they would like to
nvoid further delays in settlement of
their claims.
Other delegates contended tbat tho
council or the unions had no right to
say to individual members whether thoy
should work or not under conditions
that they did not like.
The ilreworka continued. It wus n
merry fight, withal in good spirit. Thoro
was somo plnin speaking. And, as if
usually the caso with any body of or
ganized workmen, a decision was nr
rived at. President Crawford used his
gavel with discretion nnd handled the
moeting most satisfactorily.
Routine Businoss
During the cvoning letters wi
ceived from tho Imperial Munitions
board and J. Coughlan, acknowledging
tho action of a previous meeting of
tho council in lifting tho "unfair' ban
from eastings produced hy the Vnncouver Engineering Works, wliich facilitated the local yards in rushing work
Endorse Action of Council
Letters wero recoived from the Electrical Workers, Blacksmiths and othor
unions, endorsing tho action taken by
tho Metal Trades council executive, covering tho shipyards commission report,
ns published in another column.
The Wholesale and Retail Clerks' association of Winnipeg has started a
campaign for a weekly hnlf-holiday.
The first to put thia into effect waa tho
Co-operative storeB.
Tho Canadian government, is faced
with a deficit or nearly $500,000,000,
and many M. P.'a aro advocating bounties to encourage private companies to
exploit tho mineral fields of tho country.
Albert Cuthbert, woll known farmer,
of Kinley, Sask., has been committed
for trial for seditious uttorancoa. Ho
appeared beforo H. R. Earl, J. P., at
Saskatoon, und waa admitted to bail of
$1,500 auroty.
About 20,000,000 acres of land, says
Mr, ,T. Bruce Walker, commissioner of
immigration, nre being withheld from
use by the rnilwny compunies, tho Hudson's Bny company, and other private
The Canadian Railroad board has issued instructions to the railroads to
givo the usual reduced fares to the
army and navy veterans attonding tho
coming conventions in Winnipeg and
Toronto. The railroads aro permitted
to refuse reductions for all conventions
for other bodies.
Judgo Barker In Nanaimo county
court has handed, down judgment dismissing the claim for wage liens filed
by N. S. Clark and workmen employed on claims leased by the Superior
Copper company. The claims against
Wm. Davie of Butte and Jas, Breen of
Spokane were dismissed.
Three soldiers who faced a court-
martial were sentenced at Exhibition
Camp, Toronto, to two years at hard
labor, for rofusing to put on the uniform. Two of them, Private James
Patterson and Private Alexnnder T.
Gibbs, are conscientious objectors,
while the other, Private George P.
Goding, is a defaulter.
Sir Robert Bordon told about 300 farmers at Ottawa last weok thnt aftor
giving serious consideration to the question of drafting farmers between the
ages of 20 and 22 for service overseas,
the govornment has decided that thc
necessity for reinforcements was moro
pressing than tho need for incroased
Membors of the Toronto Letter Carriers' Federation voiced their dissatisfaction at thc reply of the prime min
ister to tho recent deputation from the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada,
which pressed upon tho members of the
cabinet the necessity of granting nn increase in wages in keeping with tke increased cost of living.
To cut down the sale of flour to only
what is absolutely necessary, the flour
milling companies are not "pushing"
their product to any extent. Some of
the companies have taken travelers off
certain territories and the Western
Canada Flour Mills Company, Limited,
has now decided to withdraw every
traveller from the roitd for a timo.
Sorgeant Downs, a well known printer, from Saskatoon, but now vice-president of the Winnipeg Groat Wnr Veterans' association, addressed its members at one of their meetinga recently
and made an eloquent plea in favor of
co-operation betwoen tho war veterans
and organized labor. He said the time
would como when the two organizations
would be forced to come togothor, and
the sooner they did so tho better for
The Manitoba government inherited,
nmong othor of Sir Redmond Roblin 's
offspring, a provineially-owned telephone system. The Eoblin-Rogers administration paid apparently a million
dollars too much for tho private company's plant and business; but the presont govornment is making strenuous
efforts to reduce the system to a paying
basis. It is proposod to instal the automatic system in Winnipeg; the labor of
about 300 men nnd 350 girl operators
would be saved by automatic telephones.
Negotiations between tho employing
printers and publishers of Regina and
tho local Typographical union for a new
wago scale, whicli have been in progress
for tho past seven or eight weeks, have
now been broken off, the members of
tho union having turned down the final
offer of the employers. Tho men are
now awaiting word from the internntionnl headquarters at Indianapolis, nnd
in the event of the necessary sanction
being grantod, a vote will then be taken
und if the requisite majority is given, a
strike forthwith declared. The men's
demand is for a tint srulo of $30 per
week for day work, nnd $33 per week
for night work.
Differences of Crothers and
O'Connor   Are
'On sevoral occasions the minister
of Labor did directly require of me
that I should not publish this thing or
that thing, and the answer I made to
him was that I proposed to go right on
publishing things that I should discover. Indeed, I gave bim my answer in
terms less formal than that."
In taese words did Mr. W. F. O'Connor, lato cost of living commissioner for
the Dominion of Canada, Toronto, indicato hitherto unrevealed differences between him and Hon. T. W. Crothers.
"But, I said, I'll tell you what I'll
do," proceeded Mr. O'Connor with his
interesting rominiscences. "It may be
embarrassing for you to know of these
reports, so I'll publish them before
showing them to you.
"A stago had come whero my utterances were attempted to be controlled,"
declared Mr. O'Connor, unfolding further hidden causes for his resignation.
"A stago had come whero I wub expected to anticipate what othor departments of tho governmont might think
of my reports. A stage had come whero
I was supposed to anticipate what other
people might think or aay of my reports. So I said to myself, 'this iB no
place for a minister's son.' "
What It Costs to Gather the "Sinews"
of War'' from Noisy Patriots
It takes money, and a lot of it too,
when the Borden governmont comes to
pay the expenses incurred in connection with the Victory Loan of November, 1917. To be exact, the total coat
for organization, publicity and commissions up to April 5th, 1918, is $3,-
020,395, according to the following
statement given to thc House on April
12, 1918, by the acting minister of
finance, the Hon, A. K. McLoan, in answer to a quostion of tho Right Hon,
Sir Wilfrid Laurier:
Tho figures as given are:
Organization expenses  $ 376,000
For Publicity Campaign:        *
(a) Through the Dominion
Publicity Committee....    163,000
(b) Through Can. Press
Association (disbursements to dato)       207,000
For remuneration to brokers
and  bond  dealers    750,000
Commissions to canvassers  1,140,000
Remuneration to banks   984,395
Trades and Labor Council.
[May 12, 1893]
Parliamentary committee recommeud'
od that tho Trades and Labor Council
gather information concerning the
state of trade, wages, number of union
men, growth or decrense of same during each month of year, aU of which
will be printed and published in an
annual report.
Victoria Trades and Labor Council
willing to support resuscitating the
provincial labor congress.
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council, aftor lengthy discussion, carried
resolution opposing proposed land grant
and unnual subsidy to British Pacific
Hallway company by the Davie government.
But It Mnde Him a Sick Man
Hu Sammy Gompors advises Canadian
labor not to join un Independent Labor Party for parliamentary
purposes, but to tng onto the old Hm)
parties. Alas, poor Yorick. Such advice to any wide-awake workers is guff
pure und simple and at variance wilh
tilings as they are. Even Sammy's
much-vaunted power industrially ennnot keep the wnges of its organizations
at par with Ihe purchasing power of the
dwindling dollar. —The (Winnipeg)
Eighteen now members were initiated
at onc of the largest meetings held by
the local this year, reports Secretary
Gould of the Painters. Tho membership has increased from 88 in January
to 237 ut last meeting. All members
are working.
Why is a returned soldior transparentt Because you can soe he's back
from the front.
Shipwrights and Caulkers.
Seven new members were initinted
nnd several applications received, ro-
ports Secretary Bloomfleld of the
Caulkers. Delegates to the newly organized Maritime District Council of
B. C, were appointed. Thoy are Joe
Hick, H. A. McDonald, .1. Dnlgnrno,
L, Berger, J. Cook and .1. Bloomfield.
The matter of purchasing sharos of
Labor Temple slock was left in the
hands of the executive committoe. A.
Watchman, general orgnnizer for the
U. B, of Curpenters, wns endorsed nnd
recommended us u member of tho new
Wuge Adjustment Hoard. The recommendations of the Metal Trades Council were laid on the table until word
has been received from Ottawa.
nnd this is not all. Mr. McLean added:
'In addition to this, thero are, of
course, the departmental expenses for
printing thc interim receipts, for on-
graving the bonds, for tho staff employed, numbering somo 700 persons, in
the department of finance, who have
boen specially engaged upon this work
since last December. It iB estimated
tbat the total cost of thc loan, when
finally available, will approximate
$5,0110,000, or nbout one and ono-quar
ter per cont of the whole lonn."
Did Not Believe That Any Good Purpose Would Be Served
By Strike
The 24-hour May Day strike, called
by hundreds of unions throughout the
United States, as a protest against thc
conviction of death sentence of Tom
Mooney, wsb called off aftor the receipt
of the following telegram from Mooney;
'I am most, grateful to you for what
you are attempting to do in my behalf,
and I heartily thank you for your interest. But I rugently roqucst that all
labor unions interested in my cnso refrain from strikes or other demonstrn-
tious which will tend to interrupt com-
merco and industry.
"'I do not believe that any good purpose, will bo served by a sympathetic
atriko in my behalf. All that I need to
bo exonerated is a fnir and impartial
trial, and this I fcol sure that I shall
be granted. I thoreforo thank all of
yoa for your kindly interest, and urge
that any action taken toward calling a
general strike be immediately reconsidered.
(Signed) "THOMAS J. MOONEY." ..
The federal bill giving votos to
women secured third reading in the
Victoria's civic firemen presented a
request to the city council for a 15 per
cent, increase in wnges, and have askod for a reply by May il- The request
was received and filed without comment. There is talk among the firemen of a strike if the increase is not
You owe tt to youmelf to economize
Would )*0I mill****  It  oootl in*] to
piirolinBa Tons nml CoflVes In tin*.
when you mny linvo tlio Balne vnluo
from mir sion* nt n mud! reduced
price t
We Sell in Bulk Only
Dickson's  Teas and  Coffees  Aro  of
Exceptional Value
Dickson's Importing
Tea and Coffee
317 Columbia St.  Phone Soy. 013
To Federationist
Plcafie romemticr thnt no letter
acknowledgement of subscriptions or renewals sre made.
The W-iraga label on yonr
paper carries tho date to which
your aubncriptlon is paid. It,
after forwarding monlei to this
offlae, tho correct change In
your label date ia not made,
notify ns at once. When yon
hnve ft kick to make regarding
delivery, or otherwise. klaJlT
send It lo this ofllc#—Mt U
the athsr fellow. Tin* jou
will get matters adjusted, and
we'll all be happy.
B.C. Federationist
Labor Templo,
Vancouver, B. O.
Untrimmed Hats.
Trimmed Hats ....-
Panamas Cleaned and Blocked
. $1.00 up
$1.90 up
The Canadian Bank of Commerce
Oapital 115,000,000 Rett.	
A savings auount will assist you in tto patriotic ond personal duty of
conserving your finances. Tail Bank allows interost at curront rates, and
welcomes small as well as large accounts.
I Granville Street Seymour 5715
IJ The onc big thing that you can do, and which you ought
to do, is to patronize thoie merchants who patronize your
paper by advertising in The B. 0. Federationist.
To Discuss any subject or movement intelligently it is
necessary to become acquainted with all the facts available.
No wage-worker is fully armed to define and defend the position of his class unless he has read
"The Genesis and Evolution of Slavery"
Written by tho.Ortnd Old Hut
of tho Ltbor Movement ln Brit*
i«h Columbia, Hr. E. T. Klnnler.
And compiled by R. P. Pettlplece,
who hne for more thin 20 yeara
been Identified with the organlied
labor movement of the provlnee.
Package! of 100 coptei or
moro, 6 centa per copy (carriage paid).
Singlo coplei, or in any num*
ber up to 100 coplea, 10 centa
each  (postpaid).
The biggest ten cents' worth
of   reading ever offered   in
Send along a dime for a copy
today.   Try  it aot  on your
friends.   It's worth while.
The B.C.
B. Farm. Pettipiece, Mgr.
Labor Temple       Vancouver
His Worship Mayor Gale Issues
His Proclamation Opening a
Campaign to Clean Up, Paint
= Up and Keep It Up!=
"Keep the Home Fires Burning"
Let's get to worfc right here at home in
The Men and Women and Boys and Girls
In these days of Patriotic Service we should
"Keep the Home Fires Burning"—the fires of
community life and spirit and efficiency.
This means all the activities that promote
cheerful, pleasant and healthful surroundings,
in this our City of Vancouver. CLEANLINESS, THRIFT and CIVIC PRIDE are the essentials for Homes and Cities Beautiful—safe
from the ravages of disease and fire and storm.
Help Conservation and Production
It is our patriotic duty to promote conservation and production in every possible way—to
conserve civic ideals as well as health and
The work comprises too many phases of
community effort for any single group or interest to assume its conduct. The cause is too big
for any mere "week." The need is too immediate for any delay. Every man, woman and
child in the community is needed in a Crusade
of Cleanliness, Thrift and Civic Pride, their
practical application is also needed. It must be
an immediate, continuous and thorough campaign that represents and enlists every interest
and organization.
Let our slogan be "For Thrift's Sake" this
year. CLEAN UP and PAINT UP, and let the
period of this campaign be May 6 to May 24.
W. R. OWEN, Acting Mayor. PAGE SIX
PMDAt .May 10, 1918
ii.   Bim
Look for the Two Bears!
HEN buying Overalls and Work
Shirts, insist on the TWIN BUTE
brand. Look for the Two Bears on the
label. They guarantee that the garment was made in a Union Shop of the
very best materials and by skilled labor.
Twin Butes Wear Like Iron
Tbe   Foundation
Keep Your Teeth in Good Working Order
—that's part of tbe price you must pay for good health.
F you are suffering from indigestion or other stomach troubles sec
whether your teeth aro in proper condition before consulting a physician or taking patent medicine.
F any of your teeth are missing—broken—or defective in any way—
— that is a condition which is possibly responsible for your ailment.
Don't seek temporary relief in medicine—offect a permanent euro by having the teeth pluccd in condition for proper work.
Come to my office and after examination, I will advise you. My advice
may sa^c you serious illness.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Bsedalitt
2 Hastings Street Weat, Cor. Seymour
Offlce Open Daily Until 6 p.m.
— State   Enterprise   as1
Revealed by War.
Editor B. G. Fedorationist: It ia universally agreed that great changes in our political and aodal structure will follow the
war. What will be the direction of those
changoBi Somo would lessen the power of
governments, believing them to be necessarily ovil. Tne philosophical anarchist is
thu extremist in this direction. Others, how-
over, deny evil In government as inherent,
but attribute it to tho Bpirit animating tho
rulers. Those would erect governments really democratic ahd greatly enlarge the functions thereof. Carried to a logical conclusion, this loads to a co-operative common
wealth, tho dream of the socialist. Leaving
out tho»a who are quite content with tho
present order, it is safo to say that practically nil thinking people recognizing that
progress lies in the direction of socialism,
not of unurclilsm. Thu question thereforo
arises as to whether a government could
succeed if it proposed to eliminate povorty
und ignorance from tho masses hy inaugurating a co-operative industrialism. Tho
wnr has thrown somo light on this problem.
first, the wnr Itself, us an enterprise, forever dispute Iho fear that ft nation cannot
bo organised industrially by a govornment,
for wo see it being done under Our Very
O)'0B. Along side of this wo see tho discrediting of capitalism and private enterprise,
not only in tho outrageous profiteering, hut
also in the fact that whon greator efflloionoy
i.i  demanded,  government operation super-
codes individualistic management.
Second, the now ethic of war-time -activity
is the otitic of tlio socialized state. This
ethic has a threefold expression, viz., 1
everyone doing work of national importance
the distribution of tho necessaries of
life, according to need and not according
to ability to purchase, and :t, privato pro-
i and personal privileges must bo subset
.unt to national welfare, A single concrete
example; each of these would bo conscription of man-power, food restrictions and
war-time prohibition.
Third: Mot only economically and ethically has tho war demonstrated tho correctness of socialistic philosophy, but it has ■
revealed elomonts in human nature that are
tho psychological foundation for the Co
operative state. Somo of these are the
widespread sacrifice in tho common cause,
the glorifying of the "uniform," tho growing sense of partnership in "our" country;
loyalty to government, especially by the
poor; and the recognition of religion ub a
factor in politics.
Thus economical, ethical and psychological considerations oncourage tho belief that
a govornment definitely working for the
establishment of economic freedom and equality, could "carry on" quite as successfully
as governments largely controlled by vested
interests, whose diplomatic operations are
secret and whose appeals to the pooplo are
often only such vogue Indefinite phrases as
"national honor," "independence of small
nations," "sacredncs of treaties" and a
"world safe for democracy." Besides thoro
is now an unprecedented realization that
politics are of vital importance to the privato life of every citizen. This assures
more support for nnd loss indifference 1
those politicians who renlly represent mni
91  Douglas Park,   St. Jnincs,
Winnipeg,  Mnn.
ligious sect that was to overrun their world.
They knew about everything except what
really mattered.
But, in spite of Leckie's ponderous authority, that is the typical thing rather than
the extraordinary thing. Real revolutions
travel on rubber tires.
Broadly speaking, nobody over recognizes
revolution until it has accomplished itsolf. Meanwhile people are excited about
all sorts of ' 'revolutionary'' things which
really signify nothing. i,       „  ,,    ,  .      ,
Quite possibly a momentous revolution is | but I think all will agree that freedom
rS8 K, Tr ____\% SlT- I only «*™ts -_* you cnn get just what
Saturday Evening Post.
Will  the War  Conditions
Eliminate Present
[By W. H. Hoop]
Thia is tho ngo of thc boast of free
competition, the god of tho hiorclmnt,
X-Bay fllmi Ukaa IT necea-
aary; 10-yaai lurutMl
Examlnationa   made   on
pbone appointment..
"In tho United Status tho art of fore-
stulllng or breaking tho strike has boon
worked out to a fine art." Such is the conclusion of au interesting study on "striko
breaking in Amorica," written by Hilderlc
Cousens for the Ploughshare, a British inaga-
a I no,
Tho systematic prevention of unirfnisin by
"the capitalist who knows his work," the
detective agencies, tho black list, the forming of bogus unions which side with tho
employers, tho corruption or Jailing of union
officials, and the uso uf the state militia
in putting down strikes, are nil discussed in
this nrticlo. Of private detective agencies
he says: "In San Francisco thoro are about
30 of tham, in Cleveland 50, in Chicago 70,
BOmo of which have branches all through
tlie states. These ngentB endeavor to become
union officials; oven tho most oxtremo
bodies . , . cannot keep from them."
"In endeavoring to prevent strikes," the
author continues, "in the highor ranks of
union officialdom tbo subtlor, steadier Influence of social environment Is used. Where
this is inapplicable, some pretext quickly
lands them in jail.
When a strike has broken out, strike
breakers   are   imported.     These   aro   either
bstitntes in tho industrial processes,
hired 'fighting men' fran the detective
agency or the company's own armed guards,
or the state constabulary, militia, or army.
Tho ubo of the military against strikers Is
not unknown elsewhere. It was perhaps
rarest In Germany and moBt frequent in
Russia and   the  U,   S.  A."
England is much more law abiding in its
handling of strikes, according to this author, who goes on to toll of the use of thc
machine guns in Colorado and WeBt Virginia,
tho proved assaults on labor loaders by
hired assassins, the "framing up" of
charges, brazenly admitted by detectives,
the proof of packed juries, members on
which had been classified as "Safo to convict Christ," or "All right with $50."
"Finally," he says, "the press steadily
libels tho meu nnd tho unions. If the reporters, who are usually seen in company
with detectives, do send in nn impartial account, tho editors expurgate it.
Ton little criticism, too much emotion, seems
to characterize tho middle classes In U.S.A.
They will believe nnything thoy see In print
; provided  they  see  it   often  enough."
It   is   rnther   disconcerting   to   find   ourselves  the  subject of n  critical   Study,   but
can't   deny   that   tho   author    has    the
goods."—Seattle Union Record.
"Over the Top"   Over Your Top
Tit one of our latest Hats for summer wear.
$3.00—At one price—$3.00
Black & White
Hat Store
The Fragrance in the Cup
FILLED to tho brim with lifo nnd "goodness," your morning
drink is invigorating indeed.   Appotizingly delicious, and will
put you in fine fettle for a hearty meal of crisp bacon and toast.
IS cheaper too bocauso'-it gooa further. Tho VACUUM cnn absolutely prevents tho evaporation oi the volatile oils from thc
coffee. The waste chaff thut givesthe bitter taste having been
removed, ninVc*
flavor.   Try it.
it stronger in body besides rotnining the full
Kelly, Douglas & Co., Ltd., Vancouver, B. C.
[W. A. Douglas, D.A.]
In a country nearly ns large as Europe
and with a populntion not more than one-
sixteenth of that continent, why should there
ba such an anomaly as unemployment I Not
many years hence thero will be ten men
where we have one, and some day there will
bo a great many more. With ample room
for eighty millions why should we be crowded by ten millions]
When we sell out all tho valuable land,
tho mines, the forests, and ull the other
natural God-given advantages, do wo not sell
despotisni lo tho purchaser. Without
thaso advantages, labor is utterly helpless—a
fish out ef water. Tho Inborer must thon
como to bis "lordly fellow-worm to givo him
leave to toil." That Is,tho first fatal blunder of out- govornment.
If a builder, or anyone elso, determines
to improve n piece of land as he should for
production, at once ho is penalized by increase uf taxation, because he has helped to
enrich the country. That is fntul blunder
number two.
As population Increases and makes n
greater demand on the land, the speculator
is allured to collect u tribute which keeps
increasing so rapidly in "boom" times that
building trado is bankrupted and paralyzed, so that often thousands of laborors
ceaso earning. Consequently they cease buying, and then other industries nre paralyzed,
making bad worse. Speculation tluurlshos
by the robbery of industry. Ho flourishes
because the taxss are put in the wrong
place.    That is fatal blunder number three.
If wo put tho taxes on the land vnlue
..nly so as to drive the speculators from
their unholy trafflc, wo accomplish two
blessings. First we stop tha drainage by
the social leeches, Thoy' cease despoiling
industry. Then thoy must Hnd some useful
employ mo nt to help their fellow men to produce grenter abundance and then instend of
impoverishing they enrich. This Is tho no-
plus ultra fertilization process. The pnrn-
site becomes the produc.t. The despoiler
becomes tho onriohor. The lion lies down
with the lamb. We have driven the pirates
from the sea; we must driva them away
from the land.
In addition  to  Mint   we  open  the   chances
for employment.    There nro millions on mil
lions of acres   waiting  for the  hand  of  industry,   opportunities   wnsled     In     idleness,
locked up  by speculators.    As  Saint  Pott
held ib- keys of Heaven, so tho spocnlnto*
bold  the keys to  earth.    When  lnbor  com
to   the  land with   Ills magic   touch,  harvests
bloom,  homes spring up in plenty und  pros-
"Ly  abounds  in  all  ils  glory.    Clod  made
ihe lund for the bussing of humanity.    The
cnlator   holds  tho   Innd for the   curse  of
Lnbor Realtors tlio seed nnd  men
Th ■ new postmaster at Ottawa, Mr. A. 0
Acres, appears to hnvo boen hevily endowed by tho Borden government. Just prior
to tho outbreak of war ho was paid, according lo a question nsked by Mr. Proulx and
answered by the Hon. Mr. Sifton on April
ilrd, $22,260.42 for purchasing some property in Ottawa upon which tho government intend some dny to erect a public building.
From August 1st, 1915, to December,
191(1, Mr. Acres wbb nn honorary captain
and paymaster of tho 77th Battalion and
drew as his r?gimi.nlal pay $3.00 per day,
plus travelling expenses $807, plus separation allowance $080, nnd all this time ho
wns able to look after his jjwn business in
Ottawa. "*
Thoso sacrifices hnve heen rewarded by
bis appointment as postmaster at Ottawa.—
Liberal  Monthly. '
The following table o
lustrates the growth of
*     1017        $
Mfrs. grain
Ootid. Milk
export values il-
Canadian     profit*-
you want, and if ever thero was a hollow mockery, it is to be found in the
idea of fair competition. In many lines
of industry it is a cardinal principlo
that wuste must bo eliminated. Its
good for the businoss, good for the
clerk, and good for the public. In the
business world, moBt young men dream
of becoming a successful business man,
a dream, more often thnn not, rudely
shattered. Lured by the dreams of tho
business, and desire to got away from
work, hundreds of young men rush into
business with tho few dollars saved,
and the retail trade of all our citios
presents u deplorable stato of waste, in
timo and energy, the only person getting something for nothing, being the
landlords. The war is producing many
changes, the most important of which is
the organizing of Labor, particularly
tho miscellaneous crafts, teamsters;
clerks; bakers, civic employees, laborers, and otherB too numorous to mention,
Big capital senses this change and
has begun to meet it with the chain
store system, exemplified in such as the
Woolworth concerns in Canada, nnd
many other chain systems in tho States.
It is reported that the Woolworth people have increased their capital from
53 millions to 100 millions, and they
propose to Bell many other commodities
picked up on the markot cheap. Can
tho Btorc clerks and tlie merchnnts get
together on a common policy of organizing the purchasing power of the public
with a view to eliminating waste, in
timo energy and money, in the distribution of commodities.
To display a union storo card in the
window employing union clerks, and using tho organized labor movement, and
its labor publications, and all tho powor
of advertising latent in such n powerful body, is it uot possible to improve
the business relations between the pur
chaser, thc clerk and the merchant i 1
can imagine someone saying, "it don't
matter how mnny stores there are, com
petition will determine the prices and
value of articles." In the general that
is true, but tho general is made up of
the contradiction of thc concrete or the
particular. If thew are too many stores
or distributors, the overhead charges
begin to cat into profit, and thongh a
change in wages may bo desired, it becomes more difficult to obtain, through
this wastage, which bonefits no oae but
the landlord.
Let; thc wage-earner assist in organizing distribution by purchasing at
union storcB. While tho question of
cheaper commodities is not under discussion here, thc public can improve
conditions for the store clerks in this
way. If the cost of distribution is lessened, there is at least, some leeway between the clerks and the merchants fer
sensible agreements, and if distribution
can bc organized as skilfully as productiveness, then there is a chance for
amicable relation between employer nnd
employee, whilo tho present systems
Can the parties concerned get together on any common policy? Think it
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Separate garments     66c
BALBRIGGAN UNDEBWEAB—Two-thread ''Zimmerknit" brand; long
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garment  - -    76c
Combinations   $1.26
PENMAN'S BALBRIGGAN UNDERWEAR—In all the foregoing stylos
—a slightly heavier weight. Combinations, $1.60. Single garments 75c
WHITE MESH UNDERWEAR—Short sleevo and kneo length. Combinations, $1.50.   Separate garments    75c
NATURAL POROUS UNDERWEAR—Short Bloovo and knee length.
Separate garments    76c
value in the present stato of tho market.  Combinations  $2.50
Soparate garments  ( $1.26
PENMAN'S WOOL CASHMERE—A light underwonr, well fitted for
present wear.   A garment $1.25
Was a Miner and  Later an  £dttor,
Propagandist and Labor
Much resentment is being caused by
tho refusal of tho Hughes governmont
in Australia to recognize the Bolshevik
consul-general recently appointed by
the Lenine-Trotzky government. Tho
new consul-general, Potor Sinionoff,
was for a considerable time a working
minor at Broken Hill, a labor propagandist, and member of the Labor Volunteers to resist conscription had it
been enforced. Later ho was tho editor of a Russian newspaper in Australia, which was confiscated by thc
Hughes government. Simonoff states
ho is going to interview Hughes and tie
mand recognition. Despite his appoint
mont Simonoff states that ho will spend
oat of his time in propaganda.
H. A. Lipsett fa no longer in tho employ
of Tin- Federation tat as advertising solicitor
or in any other capacity. ***
Int aad third Thursdays. Executive*
board: President, G. J. Kelly; vice-president,
F. W. Welsh; iecretary and holiness agent,
V. Jl. MUgl*r; treasurer, F. Knowles; ser-
geaat-at-atr.il J. F. Poole; trustees; J, H.
McVety, W. R. Trotter, A. J. Crawford, F.
A. Heaver.
Meets aecend Monday Ib the month, Presl-
deit,   Geo.   Bartley;   seeretary,  R.  H.   Nee-
leads, P.O. Boi 68.
tlonal Union of America, Local No. ISO-
Meets aecond and fonrth Taesdays Ib Ue
month, Room 206, Labor Temple. President,
L. E. Herrltt; secretary, B. H. Grant, 1671
Allien! itreet.
of the statement that our Office Supplies
and Stationers' Sundries stock is tho best
In B. C. Come in and look ub over I
No. 017—Meots every aecond and fourth
Monday evening, 8 p.m., Labor Temple.
President, R. W. Hatley, phone Fair. 2992L;
financial secretary, Q, Thom; recording secretary, J. R. Campbell; business agont,
Waller Thomas, Room 208, Labor Tomple.
Phone   Sey.   7496.
and Iron Ship Builders aud Helpera of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meeta
overy Monday, 8 p.m. President, A. Campbell, 220 Second street; aeeretary-treasurer,
Angus Fraser, 1161 Howe street; buslneas
agent, J. H. Oarmlchael, Roomi 212, Labor
Phone Seymour 7169
Third Floor, World Building
—The only Union Shop  in Vancouver—
Take three parts of Royal Standard Wheat Flour
and one part of Royal Standard Rye Flour and you
will make a delicious, nutty, wholesome, appetizing
loaf of bread. Appreciated by every member of
the family.
By following this plan in your baking, you are
conserving wheat for the fighting men and doing
your loyal duty to your country.*
Both Flours milled in Vancouver loy Vancouver Workmen.   On sale at
all leading Orocers
lllLlllll 1111 >
mill, i'
   cf tin*   harvest;
cornea nnd blights tin* I""'1
Onrthago till I»* Oartluge
ail, snid tin*  Uiiinitti.    Si.*i*iilntlnii
t  uk miy with
oarth tri'intili'.
shout   Hint   will
Koine di"K Hi nt led, lUlSOphlStlCRt id people
will   tell you  that  civilization   hns     been     a
failure;  tlmt we  haven't  [irogrcHsodi  they
will  even   go   so   fur   as   to  assert  that   In-
stead of irnini:  forward, we hnve gone  back.
Hut don't you belle v■* any siit-b statements,   for   they   are   absolutely   ridiculous.
Why, back in the misty past, the chief
weapon of offence wan a club—a heavy, In-
("artistic contrivance that could kill only one
man at a time.
Hut today civilization has provided ua
with tho heavy gan—a wonderful contraption that cnn carry death right over the
hills nnd far awny; that can pulverise
ehurelies and hospitals that distance hides
from view; and that cnn send a 20,000 ton
ship to tho bottom of the aon.
And there was the bow and arrow—why,
civ ill nation has mad1 the mere memory of
It   a   laughing   stock 1
Juat fancy trying to compare It with the
machlno-gun—a mechanical contrnptlon thnt
can cut n swath through a regiment in
much the snme way as a scythe cuts a
swath through n crop of wheat.
And I haven't mentioned the explosive
shell, th> tnrpedo, the floating mine, nnd
the poison am.
Who would compare with these things
the spenr, the catapult, the boomnrang, nnd
the  battle-axe 1
Flo to you, Unbeliever I Civilization
HASN'T failed;   It has mnde good.
Anothir fow death-dealing devices, and It
will have nttained to the highest point nf
perfection!—H, J, C. in Australian Worker,
A  Short Account of Soms of Its Alms and
This league, whose work is not confined
to one city or country, but which Is worldwide in scope, has been founded by the
author of the "Hook of One Law" for tll'3
purpose of enabling tho public to obtain for
Itself the many reforms which it is feeling
more und more urgently tbe need of.
The following ara a few of lbe proposed
departments of lho league and their work
ta   self-explanatory i
Women Workers Welfare—To obtain a
maximum instead of a minimum wage for
women, and lo improve the conditions under   wliich   they   ara   employed.
Ohild Welfare.
Orphan Welfare—To encourage the adoption of orphan childron by suitablo private
porsons, and so avoid casting the stigma of
charity upon children who have been
li.mivlrss and friendless  in the world.
Civic   Welfare.
Co-operative Welfare—To promote
moiiy between employer nud employed, and
to Bottle disputes between tho two by means
of  mutual understanding and agreement.
Social Welfare—To provide social centres and places of sane and healthy amusement for both sexes, thus -eliminating the
dangerous influence of the dance hall and
Discharged Prlsonora Welfare.
Juvenile   Delinquents   Welfare.
It <<-ln mat ion   Department.
.Mutual Aid Department—Tn bring to
gether  those  wbo  are  111  need  of  holp,   and
thoso who are ablo to supply that need. ***
Soldiers' Organizations and Federated
Labor Party Will Affect
Their Investments
The financial kings of the cast hnve
become alarmed at the stnto of affairs
in Britiah Columbin; thoy nro afraid
that things are going to happen hero
that may uffect their investments. Thc
soldiers' organizations have gained
such strength thnt. they aro alarmed.
Tho Federated, Labor Pnrty, with
thousands of members in B. C, ia
alarming them—a party thnt invites
all men nnd all women who love liberty
of action and conscience, whether they
work with their hands or brains—nnd
such as aro disgusted with thc old Hne
parties nnd the so-cullcd Union party,
to cast their lot with them. Evory independent paper in tho west is outspoken ngainst the government's treatment of the returned soldiers, The
treatment meted out to them so fur is
the troatment a eruel muster metes out
to a horse that has outlived its usefulness. It ia turned out to die.—Vancouver Critic.
Delivered to and from all trains,
boats, hotela and residences
Contented Conservationist.
Do   ole   mule   is   n-plowln'
An'  de Held will soon  be green
Wif do tender stalks a-bowln'
When do breezes cross do scone;
De hen, she fa a-pickin'
'Hound de barnyard, mighty-gay.
Corn   bread  an'   chicken!—
Dat's  'bout all I has to sayl
Send de   wheat a-sallin'
An'   de beef kin go along,
My  appetite  aln'   failln',
An' my hopes are mighty strong.
Dar nin'   no causo  foh klckin1
As 1  view  do grand  display.
Corn   bread  an'   chicken 1—
An' dar ain't no mo' to say.
_       —Washington Star.
Insure success by mapping out n food programme
—Canada Foot! Board.
"No fact in the history of the human mind
Is more remarkable," saya Leckie, "than th-
complete unconsciousness of the Importance
and the destinies of Christianity wliich was
manifested by the Pagan writers before the
accession  of  Constnnline."
In the centuries from Nero to Constantino
Heine hnd many brilliant and inquisitive reporters. Scarcely liny thing, It seemed,
escaped their eyes nnd pans* Changes hi
sartorial fashions and Ihe different methods
of cooking n goose were carefully described.
They were, moreover, deeply Interested In
philosophy. Rut all tbelr extant writings
contain only n dozen or so brief nnd contemptuous   references   to   the   growing   re-
Camouflage on the Farm.
The honest farmer's apple crop
.Tins been dispatched to town.
The barrels look this way on top:
Aud this way lower down:
—Boston Transcript.
Men's flatters and Outfitters
830 G»irlllt Straet
819 HastlifB Stntt Wtat
"What's on tho mennT" asked the hungry   man.
"Well," replied tho waiter, "a few articles of fond arc mentioned. But most of thc
spare Is taken up with government Instructions on what not to eat."—Washington
A Pair of Silk Stockings at the Empress
Next Week.
"A l'alr of Silk Stooklngs," which will
be pres.-nled for the flrat time ln UlO West,
next week al the Kmpress, was tho talk
of New York, and evory slore thnt sold
hosiery bad sonic novel ad. which created
a hearty laugh for everyone who had seen
this extraordinary comedy. The Kmpress
calendar for the near future contains a list
of the latest plays that no one of you can
afford to miss, as each and every one of
thom won signal tfuccess by some individual
appeal which has created a new epoch in "*■■
nro of playwrlttng.
If you want
good value
for your money
J. HJinore
431 Homer Street
Piano Moving
Phone ob day or night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
My. 404-6-6
Union Station
Mined on Paciilc Coast
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Local 28—Meeta every flrst and third
Wednesday et 2:30 p.m.; aecond end fonrth
Wednesdays at 9:00 p.m.. Labor Templo.
President, Fred. Harris; secrotary and business agent, Wm. Mackenzie, Room 200, Ltbor
Tomple. Office hours, 11 to 12 noon; 2 to
6 p.m.
Operating Engineers, Looal No. 620—
Meeta every Monday, 7:80 p,m., Labor
Temple. President, J. R. Flynn, 810 Moodio
street, Now Westminster; vice-president, P.
Chepman; necre tary-treasurer, W. A. Alexander, Room 210, Labor Temple. Phone Sey.
—Meeta in Roam 20S, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, P. W.
McDonnell, 1162 Powell atreet; recording
secretary, John Murdock, Labor Templo;
financial secretary and business agent, E. H.
Morrison, Room 207 Labor Temple.	
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 8862—Office aad hall, 804
Pender street west. Meets every Friday,
6 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, tf, Chapman;
business agent, L.  Marsh.
r L. "A.," LOCAL 38-82, AUXILIArY-
(Marine Warehousemen and Freight
Handlera). Headquarters, 486 Howe street.
Meets first and third Wednesday. 8 p.m.
Secretary and business agent, E. Winch.
Butcher Workmen's Union, No. 643—Meeta
first   and   third   Tuesdays   of   each   month,
Lahor Temple,   8  p.m.       President,  B.  W.
Lane; recording secretary, E. Lofting; financial secretary and business agent, T. W. An- *
dermm, 587 Homer atreet.
America     (Vancouver     and    vicinity) —
Branch  meets socond and fourth   Mondays,
Room 204,   Labor Temple.   , Preaident,  Ray >
MeDougall, 1028 Orant street; financial aeo- ,
retary,     J.   Lyons,     1548   Venables  atreet;
recording secretary,  E, Westmoreland,  3247 I
Point Qrey road,    Phone Bayview 2070L.
Fair. 2300
1620 Main Street
shipyard Laborers, fasteners and
Riggers, I, L. A., Local Union 38A, Series
ft—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays of tho
montft, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. Presidont, J.
Sully; flnanciol secretary, M. A. Phelps;
business agent and corresponding secretary, L
W. Hardy. Olllce, Room 210-220, Labor |
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets I
Labur Temple, second aud fourth Wednee-f
days at 8 p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell;I
treiiKiiivr, E. S, Cleveland; recording secre-u
tary .A. V. Lofting, 2561 Trinity street,Lm
Phono High. ItifiR; llnftnclal secretary aud*^H
business agent, Fred. A. Hoover, 240Q Clark ^H
drlvo, office corner Prior and Main streetA-^B
America, Local No. 178—Meetings holes
flrst Monday in each montb, 8 p.m. Presl-l
dent, A. It. Oatenby; vice-president, Wj
1,srsen; recording secretary, W. W. Hockelil
Box 50U; flnanclal eecretary, T. Wood, I'.ol
Bui 508.
fours' Union, Local No. 685—Meets ever*
Wednesday at 8 p.m. President, W. Jl
Brown; business agent, J, F. Poole, 4H|
Twenty-first avenue east, Phone Fair. 715HA
flnanolal secretary, Bert Showier, 1076 Rob!
son street. Phone Soy. 6870. Office, 681
Homer street.
last Sunday of each month at 2 p.m. Prl
sident, R. Marshall; vice-president, W. B
Jordan; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neeland]
DOI 06. ™
anneal convention tn January. Eiecutti
officers, 1918-10; Preaident, Daiean MoCal
lura, Labor Temple, Vaiceuver; vice-ares]
dents—Vaneoaver Islaid, Walter Heal
Seuth Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; PrlnJ
Rupert, W. E. Thompson; Vancouver,
Winch, W. H. Trotter; New Westminster, _
Peebles; West Kootenay, Marena Martll
Nelson; Crewe Nest Paso, W. A. Shermal
Fernie. Secretary-treasurer, A, 8. Weill, Bt|
1588, Vlotoria, B. 0. *
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Flnt Creamy Lather
ud Dom Not Dry on the Face
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured In British Columbia
TI0T01U, B. c.
Labor Council—Meets flrst and third Wei
nesdays, Knights of Pythias Hall, Nori
Park streot, at 8 p.m. President, B. Slif
muns; vlctf-presldent, T. Dootey; secretar!
treasurer, Christian Siverts, P, 0. Box 80f
Victoria, B. C.
Conncil—Meeta aecond and fourth Taa
daya of each month, In Carpenters' hai
President, S. D. Macdonald; secretary, W. I
Thompson, Box 273,  Princo Rupert, B, C.I
LOOAL UNION, NO. 872, U. M. W. of A 1
Meets second and fourth Sundays of eai
month, at 3:30 p.m., Richards Hall. Prefl
dent, Walter Hord; vice-president, AndrS
Parker; recording secretary, James Maternal
flnanclal secretary, W, Macdonald; treasi|
er. J. H, Richardson.
To members of any union In Canndn •■
Hpeclnl rate fnr The Federattonint of fl]
per year—if a club of 10 or more Is sent li
r.TC.eiihiwtwi'iii'iiiwMssieiiiiMfiiMuiieiiiiiwiiniiiiiiiiii'i FBIDAT...
...May 10, 1818
The Boys at the Front
Have sent an S.O.S. for Sox
Some women have never left their
knitting since the war began. Boys
.from the front know the need for
sox—they are wanted now more than
ever before. Speed along the good
work. No one is too old to knit sox,
ahd no one is too young. The wool
to use is Bonworth No. 3. It's delightfully soft and comes in a good
shade. The prices make it still easy
to buy. Per
Special Price Given to Authorized
Bed Cross Buyers
____>__  __     utaunr JLjgsgjSt. iwma coHMitttmg
Granville and Georgia Streets
Hunter-Henderson Pure Paint
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East, Sey. 988-672 — 728 Oranvllle Btreet, Sey. 9513
IVhy not ride
a Bicycle?
Cut out stroot cnr faro and strap-
hanging.   Buy tho bost—
Consult tho "chief" thiB evening or tomorrow afternoon.
W. H. Morrison
Tel. Seymour 2794
Canadian Northern Railway
Lowest Possible Passenger Fares
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendants '
Travel Comfort
Consult Our Nearest Agont or Write
Telephone Seymour 2482
Free Homesteads
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands.   The
finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing.   The settlers who
havo gone in there are all boosters, as they are making good.
If you want to go back to thc land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON, Lsnd Cruiser
Taste is the Test
Of the Drinks that are Best
Because they ue equal or better than any other similar products, let
them come from where they may
Cascade Beer
Alexandra Stout
t&Z SobA Water
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
Is Enlisting the Support of
Thousands of Well-
paid Unionists
Will Create a Demand for
Union Store Card in
Short Time
[By W. H. Hoop]
A friend of mino said to me the
other day, "How does a man know
when he is rightf" I said, "That's a
funny question to ask; surely any man
knows when he ib right." And yet,
how often will two peoplo contend
with oach other over tho right and
wrong of a given question. Tho right
of a given question, it seema, necessitates the experience of wrong which
in timo becomes right, by virtuo of our
having the senso not to repeat the experience distasteful to us.
The older and well organized unions
have passed tho stages of. experimenting,
with the wrong, these experiences constitute the right or the knowledge of
just what to do to improve thingB,
Take storo clerks, for instance; some
clerks are good union men and women.*f
Their organization is comparatively
young and their experience with employers bear all the ear-marks of the
blunders made by woll organized
tradeB, and the point arises can any
further blunders be obviated by a
close study of the relations existing between the clerk, the bosa and the publio.
Are the clerks making a mistake in
seeking to organize, if in so doing
thoy fail to take note of the employer
and tho people who purchase commodities!
It is admitted a difficult proposition
to organize a craft if but 25 per cent,
show any inclination. The employers
are opposed to a union generally, because of the Bamo motive which impels the clorks to organize, viz., their
respective material interest. Is it not
possible that the third party, the purchasing public, may help solve the
problom, and a common ground be
found whore these three factors may be
joined to tho welfare of all parties
concerned. The business of thc publie
is to purchaso. Can not the clerk with
his association, and the merchant with
his, combino to direct advertising, re-
duco the eost in the distribution of
commodities, eliminate the unnecessary
waste consequent on the useless duplication of storea, such valuo going to
the groundhogs, etc.? It is not possiblo thnt the clerks muat needs consider the organizing of tho merchants a
flrst hand proposition. When a new
manager takes ovor a concern his first
thought ib usually are thore any leaks;
is there any unnecessary wastage; for
is it not a fact, that in the general,
wastage puts up the price of living, and
tho struggle becomes more keen to
reach the prices caused. Gould the
clerka and merchants not agree on thiB
point, and by a combination based
on agreement begin a campaign of
stopping leaks and eliminating waste,
and ao bring into harmony tho interests
of the threo parties—merchant, clerk
and the purchasing public?
Tho first move in the direction is
the Clerks union, with the Union Store
Card. This ia tho flrat agreement be
tween the warring parties. The purchaser who may becomo a victim of
both,'that is, the merchant who by fako
aales, etc., fools the purchaser, and the
clerk who, knowing better, must Bell
fake goods and qualities. The store
card is the honest medium for the public. If the combination of agreement
can be established between tho purchaser and tho^-clerk, then tho merchant can have no chance to be dishonest. Before the clerk can hope to
orgnnize the more indifferent of their
craft they must organize the merchant.
To do this they must build up, they
must obtain public confidence; thoy
must ahow willingness to spend money
to carry on a publicity campaign
through a press medium. The peoplo
must bo made aware of their ideas,
their aim, and objective. Here is a
line for the conscious evolution of the
retail clerk. Wages and .conditions are
thero to be had, but the clerk nrust
take a hand in eliminating tho waste
and developing efficiency.
(Continued from page 2)
work mi I >s Mi ml or assisted financially by the
federal government. He nlso urged the government to memorialize the -provincial legislatures to enact laws providing for* the enforcement of a standard eight-hour day in all
thc industrial and commercial enterprises in
the different provinces. He reminded the
members of thc cabinet that in tbe reconstruction to follow after the close of thc war radical measures would bave to bc introduced
to relieve large numbers of men and women
who would bc unemployed and tbat the Hritish Labor Party had strongly urged a standard
working day as onc of the best means of providing work for thc eight million munition
workers and soldiers who., would be thrown
upon the labor market at the close of the
war. He referred to tbe campaign conducted
by Lord Lcvcrhulme in KnglnniF in favor of
the six-hour dny as tbe best means of solving the unemployed problem and pointed out
that Lord Leverhulmc had not only advocated,
the shorter work day, but bad instituted it!
In bis large soap works in the Old Country.'
Mr. Simpson referred to thc progress that had
been made by various trnde unions in the establishment of thc eight-hour day and stated
that in tbe printing industry many men were
now working seven and seven and a-hnlf hours
a day. In thc building trades tbe working
time was now reduced to forty-four hours a
week, while in many other occupations it was
recognized that eight hours should be th*
standard working day.
Senator Robertson asked if it had been considered what effect an eight-hour day would
have upon production at the present time?
Mr. Simpson in reply stated that it was well
known from recent investigations thnt when
a worker toiled beyond a certain number of
hours there was a considerable reduction in
his production. Investigation had led men
like Judge Snyder, of Hamilton, to agree to
a working day of not more than nine hours at
a time when the highest production in munition plants was necessary for thc successful
prosecution of the war. Similar investigations
m tingland had led to thc modification of
regulations regarding hours of work in alll
thc munition plants. He regarded it as important that nothing should interfere with
production at tbe present time, but that as a
part nf the reconstruction programme thc universal eight-hour day should be Introduced.
In fact, lie thought that n general reduction
iu the hours of labor would bc an absolute
necessity at the close of thc war and thnt
without it governments would have grent
difficulty in solving thc problem of unemployment
Mr. Watters reminded the cabinet tbnt he
bad taken up the <|iicstions of including thc
federal government employees in the Provincial Workmen's Compensation Acts, the enfranchisement of women and the extension of
labor bureaus to assist In providing labor for
the farms with the ministers and government
officials responsible for legislation along these
lines and expressed bis appreciation of the
fact that assurance had been given that the
franchise would be extended to women and
federal government employees would be included in the beneficiaries under tbe workmen's   compensation  legislation.
Mr. N. W. Rowell, president privy council,
replying to the  representations of the dele-
fation, stated that the various matters intro*
uced would receive the careful consideration
of thc government. Such questions as the
universal eight-hour day, old age pensions and
pensions far widows and deserted wives would
be considered and reported upon by the committee on reconstruction and the committee of
which Senator Robertson was chairman. He
said he had considerable sympathy with the
request of the representatives of the letter
carriers and realized that they were in the
same postion as thousands of others wbo felt
the effect of the increased cost of living and
that the government would do what they considered fair and just In dealing with their
request. With reference to the appointment
of labor representatives on government committees and commissions he felt that the government had fulfilled its promises to organized labor and had appointed labor representatives on all committees and commissions dealing with problems affecting labor. He did
not think the war purchasing commission was
included, because it was appointed before the
promise was given to the labor organizations.
With reference to the food control board it
now included the three bodies, food control,
greater production commission and the director of labor. He assured thc deputation, however, that their request for representation on
these commissions would receive the careful
considration of the government. Referring
to the request that the order-in-council be
amended to permit the importation and exportation of beer with 2 1.2 per cent, nlcohol
be stated that this matter hnd received the
serious consideration of the government nnd
the decision had been reached that the standard established by the various provinces must
be accepted. He said it would never do to
interfere with thc standard drinks approved
by the provincial legislatures and didn't wish
to hold out nny hope to the deputation that
any change would be made.
Mr. James Ralph said the request made by
the deputation had never been made before
and that it was their desire that a beer with
2 1-2 per cent, alcohol should bc sold. He
asked that tbe government define what was an
intoxicating beverage and wanted to ■ know
why beer with 2 1-2 per cent, proof spirits
was not prohibited when it proved injurious
to the workers.
Mr. Rowell replied that before nn order-ln-
council could be nmended as suggested the
federal government would have to take the,
snle out oj the hands of the provincial gov-'
ernments. '
Hon. C. J. Doherty, minister of justice, remarked that so long as thc provinces determined that beer of 2 1-2 per cent, alnonol
could not be sold it was no use amending
the order-in-council.
Mr. E. W. A. O'Dell asked if the provinces
could not sell the stronger beer if the order-
m-council was changed and Hon. Mr. Dohertv
replied that the- could not.
Hon. Mr. Rowell said that the information
supplied the government was to the effect that
the provincial governments did not wish to
change their legUlatim.
Mr. Tom Moore asked that if the provincial governments realized they had made a
mistake would the Dominion government make
it impossible for them to change their legislation. He further asked what the Dominion
government would do if the provincial legislatures asked that the order-in-council be
amended to allow them to sell beer with
2 1-2 per cent, alcohol.
Hon. Mr. Rowell replied that if such a request were made by the provincial govern,
ments it would be considered.
Mon. Mr. McLean, acting minister of finance, expressed the opinion that if it had
been known that such important matters were
being presented by the delegation more cab'
»» mi"lstcrs would have been present,
.t.     i ,Drnncr expressed  the  appreciation of
the delegation of the ministers  attention to
and interest in thc various matters presented
I' £ WATTERS, President.
P. M. DRAPER, Sec.-Treas.
Trndes nnd Labor Congress of Canada.
Comparison Between Doubtful Practice and Honest
Last Friday evening, about 300 peo
pie assembled in Wesley Mothodist
church to hear a lecture and see somo
pictures relative to tho war. Tho lecturer was Prof. Victor Horln, of Brussels, and tho proceeds wore understood
to be intended for the relief of the
misery in Belgium, incident to thc war.
The "lecture" was nfterwards succinctly summarized by one of Vancouver's best-known newspaper men, in
ono word—'rotten!" Delivered in not
very articulato English, it was really
vory tiring to listen to. The "pictures"
wore largely German cartoons-—crude,
unedifying, inartistic and indistinct;
and tho net result of the wholo thing
was to show that the Germans could
oxplain and justify thoir "atrocities"
and cultivate a "win tho war" spirit
among their people, just ns plausibly as
anybody else. For instance, there was
one cartoon representing tho murder of
three German soldiors by a Belgian
priest, undor cover of tho Red Cross.
Anothor showed a lone wounded German soldier being "mobbed" by Belgian civiliuns. John Bull was a big
spider, wearing fhe Union Jack, and
squatting in the middle of his web, thc
inanimate form of Belgium being shown
bolow as already his victim, with
France as his victim-to-bo. One picture
represented Uncle 8am ns boing inter
ested in nothing but monoy; he was ac
tually receiving a chunk of it from a
skeleton. Britain was pictured as receiving it from tlie dovil himself.
All this wus, of courso, very demoralizing; but the audience took it in vory
good part, and even applauded, as in
d'jty bound. For was it not in aid of
suffering Belgium? Of course, it* a
down-town picturo show hud handed
them such wretched stuff, they would
havo howled for tlieir money back. This
show cost thom two hith apiece; but, iih
lias been said, it was for suffering Belgium.
Now comoa the rub. These .'J00-odd
people nt Wesley elmrch dug up altogether about ■>'"."! for the cause; lo lie
exact, the takings totalled up to $70,76.
Immediately on the result being known,
one of those concerned—a local university professor—disgustedly remarked,
"Barely enough to cover expenses."
These particulars wero faithfully reported to a local paper—and faithfully
suppressed, as usual.
Now, what were these "expenses"
that swallowed up the $70.75, which the
simple folks of Vancouver contributed
for the relief of Belgium! There was
the use of the church for a couplo of
hours—practically without any expense
for lighting, as the "lecture" was
givon in thc dark. There may have
been a little extra work for the janitor,
hilt it is safe to bet that he did not
got a very large chunk of the $70.75.
The only other apparent "expense"
was in connection with the lantern—
and a very indifferent one at that. One
would have supposed that the level $70
at least, would have been avilnble for
"starving Belgium." It* not, what became of itf In plain language, did it
go to pay tlie lecturer's "expenses" at
the Hotel Vancouver? It seems only
fair that the people should know.
Now compare this Incident with the
flne musical entertainment given two
days later—i. a., on Sunday evening
last—in tin' Orpheum theatre, by the
Musicians' union, in aid of tlio Grent
War Veterans association, The contribution per head was in this ease also
two bits; and a thousand people or j
more paid  up nnd gut their  money's1
Less Inclined Than Private
Employers to Treat
Them Decently
Its Promise Like Dead Sea
Fruit Turn to Ashes
on Their Lips
[By One of Them]
One more organization, the Vancouver Civic Employees, has secured recog-
tion of the need of increased wages to
meet the ever-mounting cost of living.
That is *ftlmoBt invariably the result of
investigations and arbitrations. But
thoro are classes of wage-earners who
are not in a position to enforce their
demands by strikes bat who hjive to
rely on petitions and delegations, on
tho Bympathy of the press and public.
I refer to civil servants. At the bo-
ginning of the war the postiou of this
cIbbs was not entirely unfavorable in
that the salaries obtained wore sufficient to meet ordinary expenses, but
since then the cost of living has increased without a corresponding increase in salary. Time and again, by
resolutions, petitions, and deputations,
thejr have urged on the government
the injustice of present "salaries," but
so far without any result.
The government knows the position
thoroughly, knows what is being paid
for salaries and also the cost of living.
On the one hand it has its paysheets,
past and present; on the other it has
tho index numbers and other statistics
of 'its own Labor Gazette. It cannot
but be aware that over the whole Dominion, wage increases are being granted thc employees of private firms, corporations, municipalities and cities, and
that other countries have taken action
favorable to its employees. Great Britain has granted war bonuses on a
graduated percentage basis to all civil
servants earning under £501 a year;
the United States has taken similar
action already, though only in the war
for a short time. It remains for Canada to bc the laggard instead of being
a model employer, paying living wages
that would bo a barometer to privato
firms just ns tho index numbers of the
Labor Gazette aro a barometer of
It seems anomalous for tho govornment to have a fair wago officor to
watch tho wages paid by privato firms
when thero is no check upon its own
parsimony as an employer.
Wages aro only relative, depending
upon tho current purchasing power of
the dollar and, relatively, civil servants
are in absolute distress as compared
with their position in 1914. Since 1914
the cost of living has increased about
05 per cent, while tho wages of civil
servants havo increased not at all or
at the most only 10 per eent. In one
department it is said that 88 per cent,
of the staff earn not more than $88 per
These employees counted a good deal
upon tho Union* government, fully ox-
pecting it to supplement its promises
to abolish patronago, and to mako appointments and promotions on the basis
of merit, as well as to deal fairly and
justly with thom in tho matter of
salaries. But the old vicious influences
seem to hold sway still. This continued scurvy neglect is apt in time to
causo its employees to consider tho example sot by tho lottor carriers in
affiliating with the trades unionists and
then tnking aggressive action.
The following stores display the
CLAMANS LTD., 153 Hastings East.
DICKS LTD., 63 Hastings West.
WM. DICK LTD.; 33 Hastings Street East,
and 47 Hastings Street East.
POTTS & SMALL, 449 Granville Street.
RICKSON'S, 820 Granville Street.
J. A. FLETT & CO., LTD., (Hardware), 339
Hastings Street West. The only hardware
store with the Union Card.
J. BARLOW, Cigar Store, (Cordova Street.
The only Cigar Store with the Union Card.
Street. ,
Union Card applied for—
FASfflON-dRAFT, 512 Granville Street.
The Clerks' Union desires to take a hand in
building up legitimate business. The members
have now a Publicity Campaign Committee,
whose business will be to recommend to the 16,-
000 members of organized labor in British Columbia, and the public in general, those stores
where confidence is established between the
Merchant and the Clerk.
This combination, to the purchaser, means
Will Pay Them Same Rate
as Men—At Least for
a Short Time
Women at the controllers of Toronto
Railway company carB, and women conductors collecting fares will be thc innovation brought about by war conditions to which Toronto will be treated
in the course of two months, A definite
announcement that the company is going to employ women to mako up thc
deficiencies iu operating staff caused by
thc calling to the colors of many of the
younger men, was made by Managor R.
.I. Fleming last week. Mr. Pleming
stated that he was opposed to the idea,
but that this was the only way in whieh
the company eould he sure of keeping
its ears all in the service.
An important part Of Mr. Fleming's
announcement wns that the women
would bo paid precisely the same rule
of wages as men employed al tlio same
work, lie proposes scouring the women
through advertising for them in the
same way as for mule employees and
they will be put through the regular
course of training tho same us thc men.
WASHINGTON.—Kooommondlng mllllom
in wago increnst's for tbi> men who mnn
Annri i-ii's mi I mint NynU'iii, tho rnilwny
wage n.lju-tm Mit tmaril hns oomplolod Its
rpjinrt   lo  Director Ornf-ral  McAdoo.
worth. Tiie "takings" iu this ease
amounted to **--•'■, and the total expenses were $(1.75! Tlie whole of the
remaining $250.25 went to the p.irpose
for wliich it was intended—-tlio work of
the Great War Veterans usHoeintion.
The splendid theatre, lighting and
everything, was given free, nnd the performers, over hnlt'u-lnindreil iu number,
gnvo their services free. Not one of
them took uwity a eent of the proceeds
for his "expenses"—nl the Hotel Van
nver or elsewhere,
It. is understood that Professor Hortit
s^t ravelling uround giving these lectures, ostensibly in nid of Iuh strirken
onnlrynien. Is he making a fat living
)y so doing? If so, let the people
know, A few months ngo, some 00 persons were very busy about town for n
few dnys, canvassing a war loan—a
Vftry    patriotic    business.*  to   lie sure.
,nter, if wus announced thnt this pa-
riotie little band got just $10,000 of
lie proceeds to share nmong themselves.
Thai was the wny they helped the boys
Ul the front. Is Professor Horln going
better still, and appropriating the
wholo hog!  "Starving Belgium,*' for-
soot hi
Grand inaugural meeting of
The Human Welfare League
Dominion Theatre
SUNDAY, MAY 12th, 1918, at 8:30 p. m.
You owe it to yourself, to your city, and to
your country, to attend and become a charter
member. Speakers will be announced later.
Vocal and Insrumental Music.     All Seats Free
Read full particulars in daily press.
Important Notice
Two Carloads oi New York,
Boston and Chicago Pianos
Those arc Uu' last that wo can soil for
$275 to $325
These are dependable Pianos, fine, deep, rich
tone, and splendid repeating action.
We are manufacturers agents for Broadwood,
New Bell, Haines Bros., Lyon & Healy, Kimball,
Francis Bacon and other standard makes of
PIANO HOUSE II? wmville St.
_____________________________________________§ PAGE EIGHT
FRIDAY. May 10, 1818
of the fact that we were the
When damans' led
others followed
The store of exceptional values
,1*91^ UMIT»    *
Between 25 and 30 women have applied to the Ottawa Electric Railway
eompany for positions on the street
cars. As yet the company haa not engaged any feminine conductors _ or
motor-wonlen, and according to officials
of the company thero is no immediate
prospect of the company doing so.
Under the now agreemont recently
secured by the International Associa*
tion of Machinists with the management of tho big locomotice works at
Kingston, not only woro the machinists
benefited, but tho ljBOO workerB employed in tho plant secured a nine-hour
aay. |
Extra Specials in Groceries
...7 Bars for 25c
 6c per Bar
DUTCH  CLEANSER   3 for 25c
BLUEING    <- P******* for 26c
PEARLINE—Rog. 15c seller   lie
. 2 for 25c
MUSTARD CAN—Eacl    8c
POST TOASTIES—Pkg., each  10c
These prices are below wholesale cost.   On sale Friday and
Saturday only.
823 Granville Street Phone Seymour 908
Extra Special Value in Hats Saturday
Trimmed Hats $4.95
Untrimmed Shapes $1.45 and Up
All Shades, Shapes and Sizes.
^Patrick Cft
JT oMillinery
532 Granville St.
Phone Sey. 3291
This Official List ol Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
BLOOHBERGEE, P. R., 819 Broadway East .Fairmont 208
BRAND, W., 62B Pender Street West..... .. Seymour 257*
B C  PRINTING & LITHO. CO., Smylhti and Homer - Seymour 8288
CLARKE & STUART, 320 Seymour Stroet Seymour 8
COWAN & BROOKHOUSE, Labor Templo Building...- Seymour 4*190
DUNSMUIR PRINTING CO., 437  Duuoinuir Streot Soymour 1106
JKr'FKKY, W. A., 2168 Parker Stroet ~ Hlfhland 1137
KERSHAW, J. A., 539 Howo Stroet _ Seymour 8874
1.ATTA, It. P., 337 Goro Avonie Seymour 1089
MAIN  PRINTING  CO.,  3851  Main  Slreot - Fairmont  1988
McLEAN & SHOEMAKER, North Vancouver _   N.   Van.   68
NORTH BHORB PRESS, North Vancouvor ....N. Van. 80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, 500 Boatty Struot Seymour 9592
ROKDDE, O. A., 816 Homor Street .'. Seymour 264
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO., 317 Cambio Street Seymour 6509
SUN JOB PRESSES, 137 Pender Stroet -...Seymour 41
TECHNICAL PRKSS, 600 Boatty Street _ Seymour 3825
TIMMS, A. H., 230 Fourteenth Avenue EaBt Fairmont 621R
WARD, ELLWOOD & POUND, 818 Homer Street  Seymoar 1515
WKSTERN SPECIALTY CO., 672 Granville Stroet Seymour 8526
WHITE lc BINDON, 628 Ponder Street Weat Soymonr 1214
Write "Union Laber' on Yonr Oopy when Yon Sand It to tbe Printer
_ One of the many
popular styles we are
showing this season
Price $20 and up
According to materials
Thos. Foster & Co.
514 Granville Street
Trades and Labor Council
Take Up Case of Civic
[By Christian Sivertz]
VICTORIA, May 5.—Some twenty
delegates attended last meeting of the
Capital City Trades and Labor council
on May Day. A feature of the meoting was an address by Miss Metz, who
is visiting Victoria in the interests of
thc United Garment Workers' union,
She asked for tho support of the central body in an effort being made to
unionize the factory of the Turner,
Beeton Co., who are the chief manufacturers of overalls and shirts, etc., in the
Delegates Wolls, Dooley and President 8inimons, assisted by General Organizer Watchman of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters, were appointed
ns a committee to meet the employees,
as well as tho firm, while the secretnry
was instructed to circularize the local
unions affiliated.
The special committee appointed to
assist the Civic Employees, reported
having met thc city council, but su far
had failed to obtain satisfactory results,
th'e city council only giving a nominal
increase in wages. The committee was
instructed to mako further efforts on
behalf of the Civic Employees.
A communication was received from
Vancouver Trndes and Labor council re
arrangements for fish supply between
that city and the Defiance Packing Co,
Referred to a special committeo for report.
A communication was received from
J. C. Watters, presidont of tho Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada, re tho
Canadian Labor press. The council,will
■etxond its good will to the paper, but
refused to accept a block of shares offered.
A communication waa received from
The B. C. Federationist, Ltd., re an Island edition, and laid on the table until
the directors of thc paper and the executive of the B. C. Federation of Labor
had met regarding thc referendum on
increasing the per capita tax to tho
Federation, to cover the cost of a sub-
iption to the paper for all members
afflliated, and the decisoon of these
bodies was known.
The secretary was instructed to write
to Dr. Tolmio, M. P., and Mr. J. C.
Mcintosh, M. P., as well ns to tho department of public works, re clnims for
wages by employees of Pacific Coast
Dredging Co.
A letter from local 1848, U. B. Carponters, containing a resolution of protest re the order-in-council prohibiting
criticism of thc government, was endorsed and a copy to be sent to thc
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada,
tho B. C. Federation of Labor ond thc
Dominion government.
The executive of the conncil wns in
structed to call a special meoting in
connection with thc approaching bye-
election for the provincial ho\ise, if,
in their judgment, the interests of
Labor demanded, or should any definite
proposal to that effect bc received.
0. F. E. Has a Gang of Chinese on Its
Hands That It Is Anxious
to Put to Work
The Empress of Asia, it is reported,
has been taken over by the government
for tho purpose of transportation of
troops, but it appears that the C. P. R.
is trying to uso its influence in having
the ship manned by Chineso. It is well-
known that the company prefers the
yellow race to the white, and it is also
well known that tho C. P. R. has always
had more to say in running government
affairs than the citizens of tho country,
so it seems quite probable that a Chinese crew will take the troops to their
destination. The shipping master of
Vancouver asked the Sailors' union if
it could supply a crew, and he was told
it could, but the C. P. R. has a crew of
Chinese on its hands, which it must
cithor keep employed or take back to
Hong Kong, according to contract.
There is not the least doubt about
this matter, because the Chinese have
demanded $100 per month for the job,
and this is holding up the quest**".*! of
a white or yellow crew. Of course, if
the C. P. R. says that their pet crew
must.be employed, then there is nothing left for thc government to do but
to pay the 100 bucks. And if the same
kind of thing keeps up much longer, thc
yellow race will predominate on thc
high sons.
Six new members were initiated, and
many applications received by thc Molders, reports Secretnry Thomson. The
Pacific coast .scale has gone into effect.
It calls for $0.00 i'or duy work, and
$7.25 for 7Vis hours night work. The
union re commended the purchase, by
members, of Labor Temple shares. A.
H. Donaldson, corresponding secretary,
lias resigned. He wns a very active
worker, nnd the union is sorry to lose
his services. Geo. Armand has been
elected to fill his place. Four members,
who were conscripted, secured militnry
curds. These cards entitle tbo members to benefits without the pnyment of
duos. Tho members were Joe Tambor-
ino, Sam Steward, Ralph Hiscock, John
Cameron. Frank H. Clark was appointed delegato to the Trades and
Labor council, James Wilson was elected president.
Machinists Ladies Auxiliary.
Secretary Mrs. R. A. Towler of the
Machinists Ladies Auxiliary reports
that thc lodgo hold a very busy meoting
Tuesday. Tho charter bearing ' the
names of -i'i members is now in the
hands of thc lodge, which is known as
No. 110. A sick committee, consisting
nf Sisters Edney, Tall and Kennedy,
was appointed to visit sick members
whenever any nre reported. Mrs. R. A.
Towler was appointed press correspondent pro tem. The lodge has been unavoidably delayed in giving out the
flnnncial roport of the whist drive and
danco, but will do so shortly. All
members of the Machinists lodges in
tho city are urged to encourage their
daughters over the nge of 10 to become
members of this auxiliary lodge. Thc
benefits are many. Applications for
membership can ho made to Mrs. R.
\. Towler, 2228 Balaclava streot, or
through any momber of the lodge.
Will IT. Hnrkin communicate at once
lth P, O. Box 1107, when ho will hour
of something to his advantage?        ***
Women Wanting
Silk Sweaters
Will Do Weil To
See Our Display
THE Models arc such as
merit the consideration of
those who seek the best at
the least cost. In points
of style, quality and value
these garments are above
the average. Some of thc
models feature large
pointed or shawl collars,
and others have sailor or
tie collars, and both belted
and sash styles are represented. Choose from a
wido range of popular
colors at prices ranging
from $10 to $45.
575 Granville Phone Sey. 3540
Organized Labor Pledge Its
Full Supports-May Be
General Strike
At a mass meeting of over 500 members of tho various labor unions of Winnipeg last weok, called for tho purpose
of determining the Bontiment of organized labor in that city on tho civic
strike question, a resolution was unanimously carried pledging fullest support
to the unions involved. The resolution
demanded that tho city council give
the unions completo recognition; condemned the war bonus as savoring of
charity and because of its uncertain
and temporary character, alao because
it undermines the whole principle of
collective bargaining; called upon tho
labor representatives in the city council to givo their undivided Bupport to
thc demands of the strikers; and that
tho executive of the labor party ap'
point speakers to attend the special
meetings of thc council.
City teamsters have announced their
determination to strike. The teamsters will join tho striking electrical
workers and waterworks employoes.
Tho officers of tho International
Union of Teamsters havo signified approval of tho striko after careful consideration of the case.
Meetings of the Printing Pressmens
union and the Electrical Workers union
were hold tonight, at which the former
went on record as approving of the attitude taken by tho various civic bodies
of labor and promising their full moral
and financial support, even to the extent of n strike, should this extreme
step be deemed necessary, while the
latter promised them "absolute support" in the struggle.
Alfred Scoble, business agent of tho
Electric Railwaymens union, received a
telegram from F. A. Hoover, international representative of the Street Railway Employees organization, Vancouvor, stating he would look after tho
situation in so far as it affected tho
street railwny men. It is said that
each union as it meets during the present civic strike will tako a "strike
Hotel and Restaurant Employeos.
Socrotary Mackenzie reports splendid
progress of the Hotel and Restaurant
Employees during the past week. Four
new houses were signed up and a fow
more are ponding. A mass-meeting will
be held in the Labor Templo Sunday
evening, Mny 19, to discuss present
working conditions. Nominations for
officers aro now opon and election will
tnko place lirst meeting in June. Secretary Mackenzie advises all working
at tho craft who have not yel signed
up with tho union to do so as soon
uk possible.
Electrical Workers.
Two members were initiated at a
well-attended meeting, roports Secretny
Morrison of tho Electrical Workors.
About forty men quit Coughlan's yard
iu an attempt to got the company to
pay the union scale. The men have been
working for 75 cents per day less than
■the scalo since laBt October, but in order to work in harmony with thc Motal
Trades Council the union has refrained
from demanding the scale. The men
concerned, however, took matters into
their own hands Monday in order to
get tho union scale of wages. Thc
union is powerless to call a Btrike bo-
cause of itB affiliation and agreement
with the Metal Trades Council, but thc
men who aro receiving $6 per day elsewhere are in sympathy with the men
receiving $5.25 at Coughlan's. A committee of three was appointed to demand the reinstatement with lost time
of a man who was fired by tho B. C.
E. R, because of an accidont to Bome of
the company's property.
Sheet Metal Workers.
Secretary Bowering of the Sheet
Metal Workers reports n very largo
meeting with one initiation and three
applications for membership. All men
aro working but two, reported sick.
They are Oeo. Kidd and N. A. Monroo.
Organizer Hardy of thc Federated
Labor Party gave an interesting ton*
minute talk on behalf of a membership
A. meeting of Moose Jaw contractors and tho striking carpenters has
been arranged to take place this afternoon. Tho men want 05 cents an hour,
nn increase of five cents, and nlso Saturday afternoons off.
Official "Call" Addressed to
Unions Only of "Our
The official "convention call" of
the American Federation of Labor for
1918 waB Issued at headquarters,
Washington, D. 0„ on April 12. Excerpts read:
"You are hereby notified that, in
pursuance of the constitution of the
American Federation of Labor, the
thirty-eighth annual convention of the
American Federation of Ijabor will be
held at the Auditorium, St. Paul,
Minn., beginning 10 o'clock Monday
morning, June 10, 1918, and will continue in session from day to day until the business of the convention has
been completed.
"* * * It is, of course, entirely
unnecessary here to enumerate all the
important subjects with which our
forthcoming convention will concern
Itself, but the reminder Is not at all
amiss that every effort must be made
to broaden the field and means for the
organization of the yet unorganized
workers to Btrlve to bring about
moro effectually than ever a better
day ln the lives and homes of the
tollers, to defand and maintain by
every honorable means in our power
the right to organize for our common
defense and advancement, for the exercise of our normal and constitutional activities to protect and promote the rights and interests of the
workers; to assert at any risk the
equal rights before the law of every
worker with every other citizen; to
aid our fellow-workers against the effort to entangle the workers in the
meshes of litigation before the courts
in the several states; to make effective In our every day lives the principles declared in the law of our
Republic (the Clayton law), 'That the
labor of a human being is not a commodity or article of commerce;" to
arouse our fellow-workers and fellow-
citizens to the danger which threatens to curb or take away their guar-
teed rights and freedom; the tremendous world conflict now being
waged and into which our Republic
was ruthlessly dragged; to meet the
new problems arising out of the war,
and while serving, struggling and sacrificing for justice and freedom abroad,
to safeguard these priceless heritages
In our own beloved land; the maintenance of decent standards of life,
work and home in war or in peace
times; to help bring about an early
yet desirable and permanent peace;
how that peace can he secured with
the establishment aud maintenance of
Justice, freedom and brotherhood the
world over, These aud other great
questions of equal importance will, of
necessity, occupy the attention of the
St. Paul convention,"
BERNE.—Members ef the Korensky cabinet havo boen released from Nitiken prison
and havo accepted government positions. Tho
Bolsheviki aro trylnjt to unionize the Russian
socialists with tlio object of arTectin*.* a coalition government capable of deuunulinR n revision of the Brest-Litovsk peace treaty.
BUTTE, Mont.—Tho Bntt3 Federnl Labor
Union accepted 25 conts per day incrense
granted by the Silver Bow County Employoes' association. Tho advance was grained
in view of tho growing cost of living as
express *d in a formal statement. Members
of tho union perform ordinary unskilled
labor. Their scale now is to be $4.50 per
Better Get That $30 Suit
I have been obliged to close out my $30
line of imported woollens, because I can
not get any more of that grade at the original price. When the suit lengths I have
on hand are sold my lowest price will be
$35. And take it from me you won't be
able to duplicate this $30 Tom-the-Tailor
for less than $45. The tailors who have
goods of this grade have raised the price.
My policy is not to do that. I prefer to
close them out. When I have to buy more
woollens I will have to pay more. Then
I will charge more. But now I only
charge my usual margin above cost. Get
in on this $30 sale.
Men's Suits to
Measure   from
Suits trom
WINLOCK, Wash.—"Tou should ho selling Liborty bonds instoad of organising
Non-Partisan leagues." waa tlio admonition
givon W. B. Edwards and A. Knutson, said
to be league organizers, by about 60 Win-
lock clttaenR who routed the two mon from
thoir Ix'da in a hotel hore early today and
oscortod tlicm from the town. Before Knutson departed he wns given n coat of tar and
cotton. Edwards left for Portland, Ore., in
his automobile.
SEATTLE.—"Not guilty" was the verdict
roturned by tho jury ln the case against G.
Merle Gordon and J Fred Drake, charged
with rioting in connection with the wreck
ing on January C of the plant of tho Pigott
Printing oonoorn, which produced tho Seattle
Dally Gall for itB socialist editors. Tho defonce pleaded mental irresponsibility at the
time of tho smashing, caused by alleged seditious articles in tho Gall and the Industrial Worker, tho I. W. W. organ.
Join the Federated Labor Party
Here is your opportunity to become a member-at-large of thc Federated Labor Party. If there is a branch of thc party in your locality
it is surmised that you have already joined. But if there is no Local,
you can fill out thc following application and become a member-at-
large, until such time as a branch is formed. If you are a member
of thc working class, there is no reason why you should not be a
member of the party. It's not the matter of the dollar a year. It's
tlie matter of organization. An organization must be secured, so that
the strength befdre election day will bc known and the membership
can then act accordingly.
Tho Federated Labor Party Ib organized for tho purpoao of aocur-
ing industrial legislation and the collective  ownership and  democratic
operation of the moans of wealth production.
Application for Membership
The undersigned endorses and subscribes to tho furtherance of tho
declnrcd object of tho party.
Occupation  Address
...Phone number
Together with membership fee of one dollar, mail to secretary,
W. E. Trottor, Room 206 Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C, and obtain
membership card and official receipt.
It Means
—service by Union Clerks—your fellow workers in the field of
Trades Unionism.
—genuine value for every dollar you spend—if you don't think
you get your money's worth, you can have your money back.
—the lowest prices for equal values at any clothing store in the
West. Your money returned if you can get equal values elsewhere for less money.
Dick's stock is the largest in Western Canada.   It includes suits at all prices—but every price is "right."
Suits for youths—for young men—for business men—
in styles and models suited to respective ages and tastes.
$15 to $50
"Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back"
334547-49 Hastings St. East


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