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British Columbia Federationist Mar 14, 1924

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Array RITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
fDUSTBIAIj UNITY: STRENGTH
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE FEDERATED LABOR PARTY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
PUBLISHED IN INTEEESTb OF AIL WOBKEBS
.4 POLITICAL UNITY': VICTOBY
IXTEENTH YEAR.  Nail
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 14,1924
5c A COPY
>:X
mmm
|a M. M. Reduct    vws ot Deep
Sea Ships—UncL ^oned
and Underft <r
iEWS VERY OFTEN LOGGED
nditiona on Board Boats Remind One of Slave Days
in Congo
SB Canadian Government Merclv-
mt Marine, limited, have decided
underman the deep sea ships that
being operated out of British Co-
>bia. The deck department is the
y department affectod at present.
s crow on each deep sea vessel was
follows:
le seamen—Eight at $60 mo....?480
Unary seamen-—Two at 25 mo. 50
;k boys—Two at 25 mo    50
.otal wages for men on deck....$680
Vith reduced crew:
Ie seamen—Four at ?60 mo $240
Unary seamen—Two at 30 mo.    60
sk boyB—Two at 15 mo  30
Total wages as reduced $330
[t will bo seen by the above figures
it the Canadian Government Mar-
int Marine, limited, are saving $250
each deep sea vessel, which will
an that tho reduced crew will have
do the work of the former crew,
h no recompense whatever, as
li'tlme is worked in many cases,
e Canadian Government Merchant
rine do not pay overtime, therefore
men are worked worse than the
ves of the Congo, and are underfed
well. (   v
Che steamer Canadian Winner ai>
sd from the old country (Great
tain) on Friday, March 7, 1924,
sr being away from Vancouver, B.
for a period of 5% months. The
w atate that they had to suffer be-
logged very often, owing to the
y strict rules forced aboard .that
The chief and second engl-
rs threatened to make the firemen
•k Saturday afternoons and Sun's, without overtime, unless the
men would wash __the engineer's
.hes. (This is the Bame vessel that
men were put In jail from ln Feb,
i2, for refusing, to sail with a col-
d man who was filthy and desplc-
e). The men refused to wash the
thea of their superior officers.
ne of the men who had been on
vessel for several trips, and had
d discharges for previous voyages,
e given bad discharges for ability,
withstanding the fact that the men
I no trouble about their work, and
e fully efficient.
)he   steamer   Canadian   Traveller,
ler a boisterous commander, arriv-
on the 28th of February, after be-
away from the port for several
nths, during which  many of the
In were logged part of their wageB.
lone case, a fireman was logged to
extent of $88, and many others
I'o logged in a similar manner.   It
lolieved that the Canadian Traveled a record amount of deductions
i the orew's wages for tho port of
icouver, B. C.    The food aboard
1 vessel was not as bad as in former
iy although much Improvement is
jred before the men are fed to the
Bnt of supplying nourishment for
J, energy   that   is   lost in working
Ifrd.
Ibe Canadian Trooper arrived  on
kday, March 11, after a trip around
Tcalifornlan route; the crew com-
fttied of much discontent, which the
lerB aboard had stated that they
powerless to amend as orders
i the offlce were to the effect that
[officer giving the men what they
entitled to would  be instantly
Officers Now Allowed on Premises
of Oovernment Merchant
Marine
A Washington, D. C, despatch says
that Andrew Furuseth, for.the International Seamen's union of America,
announces that Admiral Palmer, new
president of the emergency fleet, has
granted passes Into the port premises
of the government merchant marine
for officers of the union. This is a
point over which the union and the
shipping board fought for three years,
and upon which turned the decision
oi the seamen to go into the great
strike bf 1921. At the time H appeared that the board was determined to
cut off the ships' crews from all contact with the organization on shore,
and thereby break up the strength of
the union.
A mistake Is an opportunity for
learning of which we should take advantage when we have failed to practice what we preach in demanding
the "union label."
Overproduction Disastrous
An Ohio ho*n laid eight eggs in one
day and then turned up her toes and
died.  This is another disastrous result
of overproduction.
THE IDIOSYNCRASIES
Of Labor in Canada Make It Almost Hopeless for Any
Improvement
DRUGGED TO ACQUIESCENCE
I ship chandler at the foot of Main
Ipt, Vancouver, although not in the
lighai business, Is steadily appeal-
|for men to work their passage, or
fi. for unfair wages aboard foreign
his that come into the port.
To Our Contributors
fe wish to carry all the news of
\e_t to the workers of the prov-
We want to moke The B. C.
bratlonist a mirror in which every
)cer can see reflected every ques-
j'of Importance to wage-earners.
[ichieve this, we ask every worker
has anything worth printing to
it to  us.    Secretaries  of local
lms Bhould send us a brief state-
It of the business  transacted  at
li meeting of the union.    We do
Tguarantee to print all the matter
(receive, and will return such un-
copy if nn addressed envelope
teoelved with the manuscript.
■•The Cotter's Saturday Night"
Ihe regular monthly meeting of
fcouver Burns' Fellowship will be
Wednesday evening, in Glencoe
corner Georgia and Burrard
fets. The poem selected for study
the Cotter's Saturday Night," and
lusical programme will be render-
► All interested in the poems of
hs nre welcome.
. S. Capital Invested in Canada
mericans now have $850,000,000
fated in industries in Canada, we're
t by Sir Frederick Willlams-Tay-
Igeneral manager of the Bank of
ft real. That's about $ 100 for
fy man, woman and child ln
■*da.
People Who Do Hardest Work
Must Fight for* Betterment
of Nation and World
[By Frances Wills]
'T'HERB are times when the labor
situation in Canada seems well
nigh hopeless, and never more so than
when one contemplates how the
working class is drugged Into un
thinking acquisccnce. Of course, the
parasites are also drugged, but their
Ignorance is bliss; ours means a continuation of present misery and in-
pusttce.
Let us consider what Influences are
at work to induce this terrible sleepiness of the workers. There are many.
Some can be discussed here; others,
no less potent, must be thought out
by the Individual.
Every time I hear,a crowd frantically cheering at a game of football
or baseball—every time the mob spirit
gets hold of an audience witnessing
some stirring military exploit on the
films, every time I want to laugh at
the muffled sobs In the third act
when little Willie dies—I think to
myself, "These cheers and shouts and
sobs are the snores of the workers;
they sleep." When I see some of our
people whose leisure is occupied with
vice, gambling, weak self-indulgence
and Idleness, I perceive other drugs
nt work. When I notice the absolute
unconsciousness of conditions in the
younger element and the entire absorption ln the things that don't much
matter, I feel little hope for the near
future. Sounds awfully narrow-
minded, eh? Not really, though.
Nono but a jackass would say a word
against football, theatres, pictures,
dances or our other pleasures. They're
not perfect, of coarse, but in themselves they're not wrong. Excess,
abuse of many things, has ns much as
any other factor, helped on the continuance of the present system, and
It is a true saying that the greatest
enemy of labor has been the working
clnss taken as a whole. So one must
plead for moderation.
Yet none but a fool would fix the
blame for Immoderation mis-use of
leisure, etc., on the people. Education
has largely been at fault. The average adolescent leaves school with few
or no interests developed; and without
interests and "hobbies" much energy
Is wasted; Therefore, at best the
worker can only realize his own narrow sphere; often, alas, even that ls
not realized aright; conditions are
taken as inevitable evils and' no
thought Is expended on them.
Of course, it does seem hard that
the people who do the country's hardest work and who receive least in return, should also have to think out,
struggle and flght for the betterment
of the nation and the world. For
that's what it amounts to. There Is
nothing selfish in socialism's alms—
the wealth and beauty of a country
for all the people; not working class
dictatorship, but class equality.
But this change can only come as a
result of united and strenuous effort.
What one country ho's done, another
can do, and we can only blame ourselves ln the near future if the pro-
sent evils which we all know so well,
continue. Let us as a body, m{»» no
political or industrial opportunity; let
us as Individuals learn alt we can and
remain firm and loyal comrades,
Some Want tho Earth
The earth was made for man, but it
seems that some men are of the opinion that lt was made for them alone,
judging by the efforts they are making to grab aU of lt.
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. 0.
Brazil
Railroad Employees Organize —
Having as their principal alms the
furnishing of legal aid to members
entitled to compensation under the
federal accident law, the promotion
and encouragement of civic education, and the organization of an Insurance department, 250 Brazilian
railroad employees met last month
and formed the Workers' union.
China   ■
Uniform Working Hours for Silk
Workers—Sixty-eight silk filatures in
Shanghai have agreed to have a uniform number of working hours, based
upon a twelve-hour day with a full
holiday every two weeks, and two
hours per day for meals and other
essentials. The employment of children twelve years of age has been prohibited in the filatures.
Germany
Unemployment in Breslau District
•During the week en/led January 5,
1924, the number of unemployed persons in the Brealau district increased
by 3,000 to 94,700, and the number of
persons seeking employment increased by 4000 to 120,944. Vacant places
decreased, during the same week,
from 4500 to 2000.
Switzerland
Unemployment—Unemployment in
Switzerland during the period from
February, 1922, to December, 1923,
showed the remarkable decrease from
100,000 to 20,000 entirely unemployed people-In round number approximations.
Questions for Labor Conference—
The agenda of the sixth International
Labor conference, which will be held
at Geneva on June 16, 1924, Includes
questions regarding the ultlllzatlon of
workmen's spare time; equality of
treatment of foreign and national
workmen, in case of accident during
work; weekly cessation of work for
24 houife in the glass industry, and
night work in the bakeries.
MUSICIANS' CONCERT
Benefit on Bunday Evening Will Offer
a Very Fine Musical
Programme
Mueh interest Is being manifested
in the concert to be given by members
of Vancouver Musicians' Protective
union ln the Orpheum theatre, on
Sunday evening. The jifogramme is
of a highly diversified nature, comprising vocal and Instrumental solos,
orchestral selections, and* other musical numbers. James laherwood, a
very popular local baritone, will give
a couple of numbers, Including "The
Bedouin Love Song," always a favorite with audiences. Miss Belle ,Mc-
Ewan will also sing, and Leslie Gross-
mith will give' a demonstration of his
skill In a couple of piano solos, written by the old masters. There will be
no less than four orchestras, under
the batons of B. W. Hunt,' Goo. E.
Metcalfe, Chas. H. Williams and Calvin Winter respectively., In addition
to this galaxy of musicians, a ladles'
quintette will add to the pleasure derived by those attending the concert.
As all proceeds are to be devoted to
the work of this benevolent organization, it is expected that the Orpheum
will be well filled when the curtain
rises -on Sunday evening. All artistes
are donating their services for the occasion.
One Million Homes Not Fit to Live
In—Scotland Needs 603,000
New Houses
A recent London despatch states
that more than one million homes in
England are not fit to live in. This
the conclusion of the National
Housing* council, which has inquired
into the matter. The council estimates that 3,300,000 houses ought to
be built In the next twenty years in
England, and that more than 600,000
new houses are required in Scotland.
In Cardiff, Wales, the number . of
families exceeds the number of dwelling houses by 10,669.
1IMMI
Authorities Now Fay Bonuses to
New   Arrivals—Admission
That Jobs Are Scarce
[By O. L. C._
On Sunday, March 9, the Canadian
Immigration authorities, according to
the dally press, began the payment of
cash bonuses to immigrants. An average family of Ave would receive between $50 and $60. This action
prompts a few questions. If Canada
Is a land flowing with milk and corned beef and cabbage, and jobs, why
should any Intending settler need assistance? Why not let him- grab off
one of the Jobs, open a savings account and ln a little while bring out
the rest of his people? The payment
of that "bonus" Is an admission that
perhaps, possibly, maybe, in fact, probably the newcomer will not get a job
at once. Now, another question: Are
jobs scarce? We all know the answer. Now, another question: Does
the government also know they are
scarce?
If they do not, they must be blind,
deaf, dead or callous. Perhaps not,
though. They may have eyes to see
and ears to hear their masters' Interests, andare alive to those interests,
and callous only ln Bpote where the
workers are concerned, so they Bent
more or less fascinating messengers to
the old land to tempt peoplo to come
hither. Of course, the new scheme
may be cheaper and more effective.
One more question: Why not use
the money to provide jobs for a few
of those already here? The answer is
easy. Capitalism in Canada, as elsewhere, has failed to function In respect to giving employment to the
people. For the government to* take
effective action to provide Jobs for all
the people (productive Jobs) would
be holding a pistol to its master's
head and pulling the trigger, too. Of
course, "it Isn't done."
Cheerfulness is a tonic that every
one can take and never owe a doctor's
bill; drink down the sunshine and
the poison of worry will not harm
you.
liHiif.li ill Hi > IhI-i*****—!
In tlie Lap of the Future
[Nemesis]
I HEAD with much interest
pleasure the article on teachers,
under the signature of Clement Man-
thano,.; and while the consummation
of his Ideals as regards teachers and
their work is much to be desired, I
am afraid that under our present lllo
gical and chaotic world system, they
are unattainable. This system ls the
poison root from which spring all our
errors, and our miseries, and it fashions and regulates the working of the
so-called higher professions in a man
ner which the average person does not
realize,
The parson and the teacher, In the
piping times of peace, will teach good
will to.all mankind, and even love to
our enemies, but at the sound of. the
war-drum, th6y mount their rostra
and preach murder and massacre as
absolute virtues, the reward for which
is nothing less than the highest earthly fame—and afterwards the joys of
heaven. "Thou shalt not kill" sinks
into abeyance when the war-wolves
are loosed, although as far as I understand, that latitude of Interpretation is not given on the stone tablet
of Moses.
Our Proflt-god Docs thc Interpretation
Our legal luminaries will defend a
confirmed criminal with the same
righteous enthusiasm ns they would
an innocent arch-angel who had fallen under suspicion. Our great chem-
istB, when they are not cudgelling
their brains to devise a new and more
devilish explosive, are feverishly employing them to invent some cheap
substitute In the interests of the sacred profits of their masters. They
also are the victims of the system.
The energies of our doctors are cm-
ployed ln the mere cure of disease, Instead of In Its prevention, the logical
order of things which will prevail
when thc present system has rotted
away. And when that desirable rotting process has worked to its end,
what will be the aim of the leaders of
the people in respect to the education
of the happy children of that future
age? This ls not difficult to foresee.
Our present system is a product of
materialism, and has utterly failed to
bestow happiness on mankind, the
only logical reason for its existence.
Man has not yet attained to any degree of happiness worthy of the name,
except perhaps, In a very few individual cases. The utmost that material-
Ism can bestow upon humanity Is the
flush of satisfaction in the fact of possession—a mere ephemeral sensation
that dies almost at the moment of its
birth.
A future ago will realize the plastic
nature of the tiftlnd of the child, and
taking advantage of lt for the child's
good will, mould it to one end—that
ln Its maturity it shall know the real
joys of life and so thc true meaning
of life.
As cold Is nothing, being but the absence of the active quality of heat, so
evil ls but the absence of good, and
does not really exist; and those future
teachers will so fill the minds of their
fthat evil will be shown to be non-'
existent. They will do this by living
in their own lives, and expounding,
the one great fundamental moral law
—the law of altruism.
They will clearly demonstrate that
through the reactions to the observance of that law, they will find'supreme happiness—that an utter for-
getfulness of self ln the units of a
community creates a thousand bene'
flcial reactions to each individual, in
eluding a perfect physical condition
and a keen mentality. There will be
no deplorable mental and physical
wreckage as there Is today; each In
dividual will bud and blossom and
develop physically, mentally and morally to a perfect fruitage.
They will realize that a perfect body
and a perfect mind are attainable by
all, and will not be as now regarded
merely an adealistlc dream and they
will work for the attainment of that
end.
Today the great aim of thc majority
is to scrape together enough sustenance for the preservation of their
poorly-nourished bodies, In tho future
age this gathering of sustenance will
be a mere subordinate matter, giving
place to the true aim of life, tho pursuit of real happiness, which will bo
found by living in perfect harmony
with the law of altruism.
Today we overcrowd our unhappy
children in 111-ventllated class-rooms,
barren df comfortB and refinements,
and criminally small in cubic airspace per child. To do otherwise
would swallow up too much of the
sacred revenue of our profit-god, and
God's handiwork, the fresh young
minds and bodies of our little children
are cribbed and cramped in consequence.
When the profit-god's reign Is over,
our children will come into their own,
and the race will develop as it should
and not till then.
In spacious comfortable rooms,
teachers—who have chosen their own
profession, and welt qualified themselves for it—will train small groups
of pupils and there will be no etlnt or
limit of the necessary appliances, The
law of altruism will form the basis of
Women of All Lands to Discuss
Peace in England
During: May
Late London advices state that tho
plans for a great International conference of Women, to be held at tho
British Empire exhibition at Wembley, Engt., ln May, to discuss the prevention of the causes of war, are now
developing rapidly. Although tho International Council of Women, the
oldest of women's International organizations, Is largely responsible for
the execution of this vast project, the
actual suggestion of such a conference
originally emanated from Mrs. Carrie
Chapman Catt, the well-known Am-
pupils with the active quality of good'erican suffragist.
rati branches of their work. Each
school building will be in the centre
of extensive grounds, divided Into
I playing fields, gardens and conserva-
tories, somewhat like the best of our
public parks of today, but superior in
every respect—for love will be the incentive ln their making and not mere
wages or personal pride.
When love guides the making, the
magic of Its presence is indelibly
stamped upon its work. Every kind of
instrument for demonstrating the
physical laws—such as microscopes,
telescopes, thermometers, barometers,
chemical balances, etc., etc.—will be
ln evidence, and much of the instruction will be given in the open air, and
in open chambers, protected by revolving wind-shields.
The pupils, after a certnin age, will
choose their own subjects of study, in
which thoy will specialize Ull their
schooldays aro over. Thus there will
be a prevention of the deplorable
waste of mental effort we get today,
and the maximum of that effort' secured for tho world's welfare.
All hardy outdoor sports will form
a large part of .the dally curriculum—
puro sports freed from tho taint of tbo
profit-god's commercialism, and its
attendant evils. In that future t\_*c,
neither body nor mind will bo sacrificed to the other. Each teacher, after
he has proved his ability and worth,
will be given carte blancfye ns regards
his methods of imparting his knowledge and no inspectors will be sent
to fuss and advise and peacock round
the Institution.
Examinations—an importation from
ancient China, as conducted ln the
present anti-logical and psuedo-elvi-
llzed times—wilt be banned; the individual quality and attainment will
be watched by the parents and accepted as guarantees of the work done.
Brutality will bo left ln the brutal
past. Discipline will be enforced by
reason atone, as a few of our best
teachers are able to enforce it, evon
under the present unhappy conditions,
when the proflt-god insists on putting
forty or fifty future citizens of varying tastes, tempers and capabilities
under the care of one frail teacher to
be bullied or beaten, as tho case may
be, lo tho samo Intellectual level of
attainment.
Futile dreaming, all this some may
think. But stop and think a moment.
The strange, mad proflt-god rules today, but tho usurper of human rights
will pass as all false things do, and
his throno will be token by the logical, altruistic Love-god. As far us
the east Is from the west, so for arc
these two gods apart, and when the
new era Is ushered In, ond the new
laws are enrolled we, with our limited
Imagination, can only fointly outline
tho changes which wit) happen In human society and in human relations—
whon even thc dethroned profit-mongers themselves, with eyes wldo-
open, will shout with tho rest of (he
freed and satisfied humanity.
[Nemesis—Will you kindly communicate with me soon as convenient?
—Editor.]
MB FOR WOMEN
President Coolidge Favors This
for Women and Children in
New Tork State
The goal of a forty-eight hour week,
long sought for by the women and
ohildren engaged ln Industry in New
York state, may be attained during
the present year. This became evident at a hearing before the assembly
and senate committee on labor and
Industries, at which the creation of a
minimum wage commission was also
considered. It is expected that the
48-hour bill will be passed by the present assembly; it will, lt is. also expected, provide for a maximum 48-
hour week for women and minors under 18, a maximum eight-hour day, a
provision that one day the maximum
may be stretched to nine hours, but
that the total for the week must in no
case exceed 48 hours. A final concession, that of the industrial committee
grants Its sanction, for riot more than
two months in the year the maximum
work week may be raised to 64 hours,
is designated to take care of seasonal
trades and the Christmas rush.
opposition to the proposed legislation is strong; nevertheless, it Is expected to carry during the present
session. President Coolidge favors the
48-hour week. A week of 54 hours is
the present standard.
Workers Must Acquire  Experience and Grow Wise Enough
to Establish Socialism
PHILOSOPHIC UTTERANCES
Of What Use Are Scientific Discoveries When Workers Fail
to Control Them
[By Socialist] *
I have remarked again and again
that a democr&cy cannot govern an
empire. Empire is a despotism.—
Thqcydides.
• *     *
True glory consists Jn so living as to
make the world happier and better
for our living'.—Pliny.
• *     •
Laws were made to protect the interests of those classes who had got
power by superiority of force, fraud
or luck.—Thrasymachus,
• *      *
Abraham Lincoln saw that when
you put capital upon an equal footing
with labor or above tabor in the structure of government, you are on the
road toward a government that rest
not on reason, but upon force.
• *     *
Some people can took t^eir poverty
In the race and smile at It; others dare
not look their fortune in the face, they
are so ashamed.—T. Bowdon Green.
• •      •
It fs a bad thing that man should
hate each other, but It is for worse
tbnt they should contract the habit Of
cutting one another's ihroois without
hatred.—Macaulay.
• •     •
Of what use are discoveries of
scientific men into new modes and
more ample ways of living ho lonj? os
the law-, of human nature turn all the
difficult-won wenlth Into 'Increased
power of the few over the, lives and
labors of the many? — Professor
Soddy.
• *     •
One cannot hold another down in
tho ditch without staying in tho ditch
with him; In helping the man who is
down to rise, the man who Ib up Is
freeing himself from o burden thot
would else drag him down.—Booker
Washington.
• •      •
Under socialism all the work of the
world would bc organized—thnt Is to
say, lt would be "ordered" or "nr-
rnnged" so that no one need be out
of work, so that no useless work need
be done, and so that no work need be
dono twice where onco would serve.
• •     #
Socialism is a scientific scheme of
nntional organization, entirely wise,
just, and practical. It is a kind of
national co-operation. Its programme
consists essentially of onc demand;
that the land and all other instruments of production and exchango
shall be the common property of the
nation, and shall be used and managed
by the nation for the nation.
• *      •
Competition between nations for
trnde and territory makes international war; competition between peoplo for monoy and property makes internal strife. A remedy for these evils
can only be found in a change from
thc existing system.
• •      «
When It comes to the distribution
of trouble, the capitalists nro very
liberal, and let tho workers have
most of It. It is only in thc distribution of tho good things that tho capitalists insist on having tho lion's share.
Thoy will continuo to get it until the
workers grow wise enough to establish socialism.
B
Rev. A. E. Cooke Aniwen This
Question in Frank and Interesting Manner
THE BRITISH LABOR PARTT
The British government Is Investigating the production of industrial
alcohol In view of lho lack of control
In prices and supply of petrol.
Fint Real Ohrirtian Oovernment
—Leaden in Politics Became
of Ohrirtian Principles
QN A. RECENT Sunday evening, ait
the First Congregational church,
the following, question waa aaked of
Rev. A. B. Cooks: "Since the Labor-
Socialist party is now In power, and
Premier Macdonald himself' Is a socialist, could you say that Britain haa
a Christian government?"
Mr. Cooke gave the following ans- *
wer, which we are printing ln (nil,
since we feel that it will be of Interest
to all adherents of labor: "Yesl And
I would be Inclined to go further, and
say it Is perhaps the Bret time that
Britain had a government that holds
to a real Christian ideal; has a genuine Christian platform, and the courage to put It Into effect, both at home
and abroad, at the earliest possible
moment. 'By their fruits ye shall
know them,' said Jesus, and any one
who will study the programme of the
British labor party as set forth In
their , draft polioy, entitled, 'Labor
and the new social order,' will see
that no other political party has ever
formulated and adopted a policy so
broad and clear in its vision, so essentially just in Its provisions, and so
fundamentally Christian in Its princi-
ples; It Is a great charter of Chris-
tian democracy. Already the labor
government has accomplished more
for the peace of the world and the
settlement of Its desperate International problems, than all the other
governments of the lost Ave years, by
Its Christian attitude towards Russia
and Prance.
"Kler Hardle, the founder of the
Independent Labor party of Britain,
was one of the noblest and elncerest
of Christian men, and Its present lead-
era are, most of them, followers In
his footsteps. Arthur Henderson,
Oeorge Barnes, J. A, Thomaa, Philip
Snowden, R. Smillie, and many others
are Christian men, some of whom
learned to Bpoalt In public in non-conformist churches and Sunday schools,
and who are today in politics, simply becauso of their determination to
weave Christian principles In the physical texture of man's earthly life.
They believe as Arthur Henderson,
hintself has said, that 'democracy will
be effective in proportion to the Intensity of Its spiritual and moral faith;
and the power of democracy as a
whole will be measured by the loyalty
of thc individual to principle and by
his belief In the moral power of right
ns agninst wrong.' In an interview,
less than two years ago, Premier Macdonald snld In answer to a question
about Christianity: 'I have stood all
my life agalnst'sccular view In politico, whether It eropH up in the materialistic conception of history or
elsewhere. I have worked almost as
hnrd In the organized brotherhoods,
in .'til phases ot" Christian activity. I
think, as I, have In the labor movement. . . . We stand for the spiritual view of life. We nre not out for
class wnr: Ihe filling of men's stomach's alone. In so fnr nH men are
hungry, wo will nil their stomachs,
but wo renlly'spek to fill the souls of
men, we aim at the perfection of the
soul nnd spirit.'
"Tho men who says that the socialism of Rnmsny Maedonald, or lhat
thc personnel and policy of his government nre not Christian, is evidently Ignorant of true socialism or true
Christianity   or   both   of   thom   to-
ther."
Leningrad
Only ten yenrs ago, very fow Indeod
would have ventured the forecast that
thc namo St. Petersburg, well-known
to everyone ns thc capital of the great
Hussion empire, might twice bc
changed within tho decade. Yet, with
the decision of the Petrograd soviet
to call thc city Leningrad, this metamorphosis appears likely to be
brought to pass. When Peter thc
Great founded this city, he built it as
llltlo more than a collection of woodon huts. Later It grew In majesty and
importance until tourists from nil over
thc world regarded it ns onc of the
greatest sights of the continent. As
such the name became so familiar
that thc idea of Its over being changed seemed almost unthinkable. Ten
years will often work wonders, howover. In mnny unexpected directions.
Ain't It tlio Truth?
There's many a man who can't understand why he should buy a washing machine so long nB his wife hns
got her health.*—Exchange,
Tho Perfect ..inwcr
Andrew  Cnrnogle on ono occasion
was asked  which  he considered  the
most   Important  factor in industry—
lnbor, capitnl or brains?
Carnogle quickly replied, with a
merry twinkle In his eyo: "Which is
thc most important log of a three-
legged stool?"—Judge.
Ignorance anil poverty nre the two
greatest evils; and one breeds the
ether. PAGE TWO
sixteenth year. No. ii BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver. b.c.
Published every Friday by
British  Columbia   Federatlonist
Business Md Kdltorltl Office, 1189 Howe St.
 Editor:  Qeorge Bartley	
Subscription Bate: United Statea and For
eign, $8.00 per yeu; Canada, #2.60 per
year, 11.60 for aix montha; to Unioni subscribing U a body,  16c por member per
month.	
FRIDAY ..March   14, 1924
W1
FEDERATED LABOR l'AUTY
OF  B. C.
'/ITH this issue, the B. C. Federatlonist becomes the official organ
of the Federated Labor party of
British Columbia. Through this medium there will be set forth week by
week, the policy and actlvties of the
party.
Platform of tlio Party—Tlio Federated Labor party or II. C. ls orgnnized for the purposo of scouring
Industrial legislation and the collective ownership and democratic control
of the means of wealth production.
Tho above paragraph makes lt unmistakably clear that as a political
party wo oxist for tho purpose oi
making our contribution towards the
overthrow of the capitalist system,
and substituting for it a system of
common ownership which means to
control production and distribution.
Our great task—it is the very meaning
of socialism—is to organize production and work for the servico of
human life. Our present system, not
only produces gross Injustices and inequalities umong the mass of our
people, but Its principles are.wrong.
It puts proporty before persons, profits
before life, riches before human
worth and gain before service. It
must bo radically altered; it must be
inverted. In a word, socioty must be
reconstructed from the hose up. We
are under no illusions as to the magnitude of the task, but we are certain
that unless and until the workers—
meaning thereby all men and women
who are doing the world's useful and
necessary work, whether by hand or
brain—applying themselves with vigor
and prove themsolves equal to the
task, life to them and their dependents will continue to be a drab and
dreary existence. The hour has come,
find the call to action Is here; we
make our appeal to all men and
women of good will and high resolve,
willing to join in this great work of
redeeming men, women and children
from the economic and social bondage
of our time. In every,walk of life,
in every country, there are signs of
awakening on the part of the masses.
here in   British Columbia must
We
wake up nno\ take bur place in the
coming fight for freedom and justice.
The F. L. p. is one of the political
groups who believe in fearless political
advocacy in municipal, provincial
and federal affairs. By oducation and
propaganda and organization .we shall
endeavor to build up stop by step a
socialist political movement In this
province. ' To that end wc will gladly
enter into consultation and co-operation with other labor organization*,
whose objective Is the co-operative
commonwealth.
Whilst of necessity we are primarily
a political organization, as a party, ln
season and out of season, whatever
assistance wc can give to the trades
union movement will be given without
reservation. And in any nnd every
effort of the workers to organize their
fellows—men and women—industrially, we will give of our best, having
as our objective the idea of the Industrial and political unity of every wing
of the labor and socialist movement.
There will be differences of opinion
and viewpoint among us. It is to be
expected, but that Is not incompatible
with unity of purpose. Therefore, we
• can appreciate, and will welcome,
helpful and constructive criticism at
all times.
have to view our questions from many
standpoints; we have to contemplate
our problems from different angles.
The fact that the labor movement is
composed of such different parts, and
that in Its ranks and amongst Its
leaders are all sorts and conditions of
men (and women) gives it the broad
outlook necessary; makes it richly
colorful and comprehensive.
After all, the fruition of our own
personal convictions ls less important
than the success of the labor movement. Nor does this mean that individuality must be swamped. No
one has a greater belief in Individuality than the socialist. But the minor
details can well be overlooked In
broad principles and many of us are
much cumbered with details.
Difference of opinion is largely a
matter of degree. Those of us who
are extreme In our Ideas will one day
see them materialize after a gradual
and persistent effort, continuous with
what has gone before. But the time
fs not yet. Meanwhile, every step
we take, every Institution wo found,
can be ipade to serve their purpose.
Unity is needed, however, if we are
to remain, as a movemont, free from
the bigotry and narrowness which
have characterized other great movements and eventually brought about
their downfall. Labor, however, cannot fall, because it is the natural and
logical development of the present
system, but much depends on each
one of us, as to how and when we
achieve our alms.
Legislation Concerning
Health and Education
THE LABOH GOVERNMENT
THE British Labor party is not undertaking, anything revolutionary
at present. It is pledged to constitutional action through parliament. It
cannot pass any measure through par
liament by Itself because it has only
one-third of the membership in the
house of commons. To propose any
important "revolutionary" measure
would mean'defeat and compel the
labor cabinet to resign and give way
to the reactionary tory party.
So much good can be accomplished
by' staying In offlce that it would be
folly to sacrifice it for a mere gesture
toward revolutionary legislation that
would get them nothing but a change
of cabinet. Promotion of international peace and the restoration of
industry through international trade;
protection of labor unions in their
struggles for better conditions; liber
ation of oppressed people within the
^itlsh empire; assistance to the impoverished workers in .Great Britain—
the possibility of doing these things,
the opportunity of giving the people
of the empire real and immediate
benefits not merely justifies the Macdonald cabinet in presenting a moderate programme which will enable Jt
to stay In office; it makes such a pro
gramme Imperative.
STUDYING THE LAKOIt
MOVEMENT
SHALL wo allow difference of opln
ion to hold us back from our
rights? Anyone interested in studying tho labor movemont, cannot full
to be fascinated by thc variety of
opinion within the movoment, To
tho somowhal superficial observer,
this is a cause for alarm and dissatisfaction, but lo the keener student, It
ls rather a pleasing fact. It ls an
inevitable fact, too; a perfectly natural stato of affairs ln which there is
nothing deplorable. The only sad
feature Is that many laborltes make
too much of these differences and
consequently there Is far too much
mud splashing from platform and
press.
lu ovory other sphere whero a great
truth is tho subjoct of dispute, thore
is bound to he difference Df opinion.
That ls entirely the rosult of circumstances, Much Individual gathers
various prejudices from his environ'
ment and environment includes st
much: education, upbringing and pad
pic. All those things decide our view
of life, making some Idoas more acceptable than others. Therefore, our
opinions ure the results of influoncos
othor than our awn consideration of
quostions, very often. Thut being the
caso, we should, at least, be tnlciunl
of tho Ideas of others within our
movement. Wo can evon bo appreciative If we bear in mind thc fact
that tho social question is a very complex affair; thero Is nono of the beautiful simplicity which somo workofH
imagine. Life itsolf ls exceedingly
complex.    Truth is complex,    8o, we
[The   following  is   the   last  of  a+all, and the most expert fisherman,
series of four articles by a well-known
local medical authority on proposed
legislation regarding health and edu
cation, which appeared ln these col
umns from time to time.—Ed.]
CAPITALISM HAS FAILED
MANY and varied example^ of the
failure of capitalism might be
given, if time and space were available, not only In this country, but in
every land under the sun. Scandals
and unemployment is everywhere
rife. Not long ago France waa stirred
up by the notorious reparations scandal, just at a time when that country
required all the best and slncerest
efforts on the part of all Its people.
In the United States at the present
time they are enjoying the not too
pleasant experience of an oil scandal
among those In authority in that fair
land. Even we here ln this glorious
province of British Columbia are nbt
freo from a blot on our name, Graft
hus been alleged against our government In power and against our loyal
opposition. It would seem that where
ever capitalism is to be found, under
whatever * flag or in whatever clime,
there abounds, ever in its footBtops,
graft of every kind. Unemployment
alone, as it exists today the world over,
Is the greatest Indictment that can be
leveled against any system and yet,
unemployment to some degree at
least, is essential if capitalism is to
remain.
Today the tables havo turnde. Capitalism, not labor, is on the defensive.
Lubor offers the only uvoilable avenue
through whicb the great mass of the
peoplo huve now or are likely to have
In the futuro, of giving expression to
the dominant feeling of unrest that is
within them. Mere dofense of things
as they are ls an attitude no longer
opon to tory or llboral. On matters
of Torelgn ■policy, us on matters of
unemployment, tymlth, education, etc.,
there will be fow men preparod to go
to their constituents und defend a vote
against peace or against alleviation in
Ihe lot of tho majority. Fow aro prepared, on specific points, whatever
may bo their line in genoral theory,
tu stand for moral or economic disorder against scientific planning and
rational co-operation. Capitalism has
stood constantly for the privileges of
the few as against the rights of the
many. Its influence on the whole of
socioty has boen moro or loss degrading und debauching. It has little
more than an optimism, which can
novor be fulfilled, to offer to tho groat
mass of humanity. It appoals to all
thnt Is selfish within us and leaves
our highest nnd bottl to withor and do-
cay. Capitalism has failed. Will
labor rise to tho occasion that now
presents itself?
Let us havo faith lhat right makes
right, and In thut faith lot us to tho
ond. daro to do our duty as we understand it.—Lincoln.
TTHE average municipality of British
Columbia finds an ever-increasing
demand for more money from the
school boards and the councils ln turn
have to raise the tax rate to flnd It.
The Labor party in the old country,
and in this, demands an ever-increasing minimum standard of educatioh,
for all children of the state. In order
to reconcile the latter demand, with
the former fact, some readjustment
would seem to be required.
"What can be done?"
From many quarters comes the call
for a survey of the present educational system of the province, by experts, and common sense, capable
business men and womon from varj.
ous walks of life, to tho end that we
may know, first—whethor we are get
ting our money's worth from the present system, and second—whether the
present system Is capable of pronounced Improvement or no.
What is a school survey?
During the last fifteen years, those
placed ln charge of the school system,
In many countries, states, provinces
and cities, have caused a searching
scrutiny to be made into every phase
of their educational machinery, mak
Ing comparison as to the cost, methods
used, and results secured, with those
of other places, in order that it may
perchance reveal where, and in what
manner, their systom 'falls short of
the best. The results have presented
to the people, and their selected representatives, a summary of unquestionable, concrete facts, from which
may be worked out the best solution
of all local educational probloms. In
the words of N. F. Black, "a disinterested and expert enquiry of this kind,
together with the reports based thereon, is called a school survey."
An outstanding successful educational survey was 4hat held in 1918,
under the Fisher regime in Great
Britain, which was the foundation for
a series of great educational reforms,
subsequently introduced in the old
country.
Some of the school surveys most
prolific of successful reforms in the
United States, were held in Maryland
in 1915, Delaware in 1918, North Carolina in 1920, and in Ohio. To act on
the report of the Ohio commission, a
special session of the legislature was
convened, with the result that in the
two subsequent years, the state schools
made more progress than in the pre
ceding ten years. The relation of
school boards, to municipal councils,
for Instance, and to the central state
authorities, have been clarified und
made more terse and efficient.
Dr. J. c. Miller, in 1913, published
an account of a survey of rural schools
In Canada. During the past fow years,
persistent "demands for a provincial
survey of British Columbia educational
facilities has come from an ever-increasing number of organizations
The recent convention of the provincial party went on record In the following resolution No. 43.—Education.
Whereas—The ever-increasing costs
for educatlonnl purposes nre creating
a serious condition ln this province;
and
Whereas—The burden of taxation
for education, particularly ln regard
to rural land, has passed all limits of
equity nnd reason; nnd
Whereas—Municipalities are unable
to bear any greator taxation for educational purposes; and
Whereas—The educational systom
of the province Is unsatisfactory and
defective, particularly In respect ti
public health and child welfare; there
fore be It
Resolved—That the provincial party
do pledge itself to cause a genoral
business and scientific survey of the
educational system of tho province to
be made to romedy these conditions.
Especial attention is called to the
problem of the great increase of cost
of education to the municipalities and
upon the rural land, The charge
made that ln some respects the system is unsatisfactory and defective,
and that the aspect of public health
and child welfare requires scientific
review.
The question In some municipalities Is becalming prououneed, of the
constantly and rapidly increasing
number of oriental children who nre
being educated from the taxes paid
by the white land-owning population,
It Is generally recognized that tho
steady increase in the amount spent
on schools is Justifiable, if in roturn
therefrom, the best In results ls secured. Aro we? Let us find out by a
survey!
Every how and again, and every
here and there, may be heard a voice
crying in the wilderness for more attention to be paid to tho development
of character in the school child: For
the placing foremost In the child's
mind tho query of why am I In the
world? and what niche can I best fill
for the good of mankind, of my own
country, and neighborhood, and as a
consoquence, of myself:
For the training of tho capacity to
right thinking, and reasoning, over
and abovo the storing of memory In
order to pass examinations on a score
or more af topics, straightway afterwards to fade away;
For the study of individuality, thus
to lossen the tondoncy to develop, the
one-block type;
For tho nursing of natural curiosity, and the making of learning onjoyablo;
For more personal work towards
research, through expert guidance;
For tho all-round development of
body, mind and spirit; and for the
furthor development of tho technical
idea to all walks of life, so as to produce the bost type of citizenship for
farmer, miner, manufacturer, artisan,
teacher or professional man individually.
By all means let us have a business
and scientific survey of education in
British Columbia.
FRIDAY March   14, 1
BLETTERS TO
LMsaL
[The opinions and Ideu expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed Is accepted by the management.]
■Tiiyrut-n fulness
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: There
are plenty of membors who show littlo or no appreciation of their union
—to say nothing about your excellent
paper, which I consider to be the best-
edited and squarest lnbor paper thut
one can flnd anywhere on this continent—clean nnd impartial. The union
and labor paper go hand in hand together, but then there are some mem
bers and somo subscribers who are
ever reluctant to"givo them credit for
any good they do. Theso persons seem
always ready to deliver a knock—
nevor boost. They minimize accomplishments, uud, in narrow reasoning,
uttribute to outside influences the
progress that has been made through
the activities of the union. Nevertheless, said critics pocket any increased
wages and enjoy Improved conditions
that the union has made possible, with
often the very necessary aid of its
friend and ally—tho labor paper. We
have always had thom. And I regret
to say, we still have some members,
liko those who bud to deal with years
ago. whom wo had to pamper and
coax to join the union, and who afterwards ducked their dues, and then
placed the blame for being suspended
for non-payment of same on the officers as an excuse for not being In
good standing In the union. This
group still finds fault .with practically
everything the union does, and stand
ready to curse the labor paper. Nothing pleases them, and nothing ever
will please them. Such people are a
positive 'nuisance, and a heavy hindrance to the advancement of tho labor cause. With this class of wage-
earners, on tbe onc hand, and the
"ultra-reds," on the other, to contend
with, it is little loss thun a miracle
that labor has made the advancement
It has against the powerful encroachments of capital. Wishing every success to organized labor and The Federatlonist, yours truly, S, M. S.
Prince  Rupert,   B.   C,   March   11,
1924.
Street Ends
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Vancouver city has been unfortunate In the
past in having alienated street onds,
to the present detriment of the public interests, and one would imagine
that each and every city official would
realize this. Point Grey has some
street ends, nt present not very much
used, and one of Vancouver's department heads fs busy, among others of
our business men, In endeavoring to
secure the closing of some ten acros
of street ends, thus shutting off access to the sea in that locality, all ln
the name of sport—golf no loss. Evidently the game of grab is not yet out
of fashion. It ls to be hoped Point
Grey will profit by the lesson of Vancouver's experience arid not wait to
be taught by a painful experience of
her own. O. L. C.
Vancouver, B. C, March 13, 1924.
What a B. C. Labor Party Can Do
Editor B. C. Federationist: What
Britain does today, Canada will do tomorrow, A provincial election is near
and lf we workers rouse ourselves,
we can return sufflclent labor members to Vlctroria, even at tho forthcoming election, to form a government, or at any rate to be the party
In opposition. When we return a
labor party to Victoria, we should
have the satisfaction of having representation sufflclent, I trust, to prevent
the politicians disposing of our natural resources, squandering our money
on securing Immigrants, royal commissions (a better nnme would be
"political farces"), und the wild cut
schemes thoy have introduced ln the
past.   This protection alono would be
worth our efforts, and if only we got
real busy and returned a labor government, then we should be repaid a
hundred fold. We could then tackle
our many problems, and put some
real acts of parliament on the statute
books, and I often wonder if it would
not be a good idea to make a bonfire
of some of the present acts which are
a blot on our intelligence and a hindrance to even the.practical operations
they were Intended to beneflt. Howevor, we could start out with sensible
work, and have our bills presented to
people in such language and clear,
that It would not require a Philadelphia lawyer to Interpret them.
One of thc flrst duties of a labor
government, in my estimation, would
be to tackle the financial questions
which at present are the puzzle and
torment of our present administrators,
who don't know which way to turn to
raise their next dollar. Firstly, the
brakes should be applied on borrowing and floating bonds, and an attempt made to raise the revenue to
meet the expenses. For Instance, applied locally, say by a municipality, if
we require a few miles of sidewalks,
costing {50,000, and there are 60,000
ratepayers in the municipality, then
tax them approximately one dollar
each, and the sidewalk is paid for, and
we have got value for our monoy, and
work for the workless, Instead of, as
at present, going to the expense of
putting a bylaw bofore the people,
then issuing bonds and finding easy
pickings for financial parasites across
the border. This method could be
applied by parliaments, and revenues
raised to meet expenses. Look what
we should huve saved in one instance
alone, that is the financing of the
great war, If we had levied on capital
and goodR (same thing), as we needed them, as we levied on human beings. Instead of which we borrowed
money from the capitalists, to buy
tlieir goods, saying to them, give us a
million dollars' worth of boots, and
wo will give you two, three or four
million dollars' worth of stock (kind
of help yourselves—we're all pals)
and now we are left to provide interest
to meet this brainy financing. How
ever, an attempt will havo to be made
to meet our responsibilities, because
it would be foolish to try und repudiate them as we are to blame, to a
certain extent, for allowing the politicians to get away with such work,
and for sending such men to represent
us.
One method to overcome the financial difficulty to some extent, would
be to adopt the capital levy, but until
this has boen thoroughly explained,
digested and voted upon, wo cannot
expect much help at onco from this
source., We have, however, the income tax in operation, and this could
be. revised and a bettor scheme of a
graduated tax, and I would here sug
gest that our education revenue be
raised solely through the Income tax,
instead of the present method.
Another source of revenue which
at this date should be beyond criticism, is death duties, and here again
could bo brought out a graduated
scale, which would bring back to the
people the money that has been hoard
od, and I believe that with tackling
this question now, we could be free of
debt ln a generation, und by these
constitutional methods avoid the calamities that aro hovering ever us, and
nlso protect ourselves against the
chaos and evils which have overtaken
some of the1 European countries.
Thore are other sources of revenuo
open to a labor government. Why
not operate ourjjwn natural resourcos
Instend of allowing speculators
make fortunes out of them? When
this work Is started, why not com
mehco work on the industrial field?
There Is a constant cry from tho people for industries to be stalled right
here at tho coast, and a great demand
for goods that could be manufactured
at our doors. Why wait until some
of our enterprising capitalists from
across the border seize these opportunities to mnke further slaves and
tools of us workers, when we have it
in our own power to start these Industries ourselves? How long nro we
going to allow ourselves to go about
shabbily dressed, our children poorly
clothed, and not fifty per cent, of our
children going to school with good
boots on their feet. Is there any
wondor that we have the epidemics
that are going through at thejiresent
time? What is tho good ot our edu
cation, and continuing the education
of our children unless we put lt to
practical use for the benefit of all?
It would be far better to forsake this
present civilization and take ourselves
off Into the forests and the mountains
"Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
iW. Fancy
Luncheon Sets
IN  fine white linen with blue embroidery, round
style; a 13-piecc set comprising 24-inch cloth And
doylies, 97.50 set.
Irish Damask Hemstitch Cloth, 45 by 45 inches*
with 6 Napkins to match, $7.50 and $11.50 set.
64 by 64 Hemstitched Damask Cloth with Napkins
to match, $10.50 set.
Pine White Irish Linen Hemstitched Cloth with blue,
rose or gold border, with 6 Napkins to match,
$0.50 set.
Heavy Irish Oyster Linen Hemstitched Cloth, daintily embroidered in colors, with 6 Napkins, $10.50
set
Drysdale's Linen Shop—First Floor.
575 Granville Street
Phone Seymour 8540
and where we could at least provide
ourselves with Ibo necessities of life
and give oui children a chance of at
least being physically flt, instead of
allowing things to slldo and allow our
children to become worse slavos than
we havo been. 'Ihere Is hope, howevor, In the fulu'e, and the politicians
in thoir scramble to retain office, the
plums of office, and everything else
they can legally grab, hnvo shown up
tho truth, nnd left it opon for honest
men who have un Intelligent grasp of
the world's moral and ecohomlc needs,
to step in, and we, as workers, will
rally .round them, return them to
power, stand by them, and they will
stand by us to tho end. W. W.
B. C. Motorman B«rcnvcd
Ono of Vancouver's pioneer residents has passed away in the person
of Elizabeth Mackenzie McLean, in
her seventieth yegr. She was the wife
of Donald McLean, a pioneer motor-
man with the B. C Electric Railway
company. A native of Sutherland-
shire, Scotland, deceased had lived for
thirty-five years in Vancouver city;
thirty years were spent at the the
home on Prior street. She is survived
by her husband and three sons, to
whom the sympathy cf a wide circle
of friends Is" extended in their bereavement. The funeral to Mountain
View cemetery was largely attended,
and a wealth of floral tributes testified to the esteem in which Mr. and
Mrs. McLean were held In tho community.
Ring ap Pbone Seymour 2SM
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
SnltA   sol   Dominion   Bulldlnf
VANCOUVER, B. C.
EXPANSION SALE
1   AT 'FAMOUS1
CONGESTION ol spring itodn, iee te
alteration cf storo premises, makes it
Imperative to dispose of new arrivals *n-
lu'diately. We'vo cut prices unmercifully.
Come and see—you'll be atnased I
Famous SSVii.
(St HASTINGS STOUT WBST
INDIGESTION
Believed ll two mlnotu with
JO-TO
Gas, acid, Boar, burning stomach fell quickly
relieved with JO-TO.   Drug Stoni.
A mure tonic
"Purity trom first to last" is the
slogan of Cascade brewing — even
the bottles are sterilized. Everything possible is done at B. Ca
model brewery to give you the best
beer that Canada's choicest barley
and hops can produce.
INSIST on "Cascade"-
the better beer — at the
Government Vendors.
Thli advertisement is not published or displayed hy the Liquor Control
Board or by the Government of British Columbia.
TJAVE yon ever bnd a renl drink
-H-of Pure Apple Older during tbe
lost few yeara?
To meet the desires of mtny clients,
we hive introduced recently a pare clear
sparkling apple elder In pint bottlea,
either pure sweet or government regulation 2% hard apple cider. Theie drinlta
•re absolutely pure and free from iU
carbonic acid gat or preservative! of
any nature. Writo or phone your order
today, Highland 90.
VAN BROS. LTD.
Older Hunfutanri
1065 Commercial Drln, Vancouver, B. 0.
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1160 Georgia Stmt
Sundny services, li ».w. nnd 7:80 p.n
Sunday school Immediately follow!.
morning service. Wednesday testlmonl
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading moi
901-908 Birks Bldg. ^
B. F. Harriion
MOUNT PLEASANT
CNDERTAKINO 00., LTD.
AMBULANCE SERVICE)
93! XHIOSWAT      VAHOOUVEB, B.l
 *F_0M r_irm-_. (s
Mainland
Cigar Store
S10 OARRALIi STREET
THE PLACE FOB PIPES
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Room
48 H   CORDOVA STREET E_J_
Everythlng Modern
Rates Reasonable
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Oood Place to Eat"
HASTINOS   AND   COLUMBIA   _
BANKING SERVICE
■THE UNION BANK OF CANADA,' with its chain
■ of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities f6r taking care
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
at homo and abroad.
Union Bank of Canada
Established 59 Years
NEW BOOK
By BERNARD MoEVOY
"Diogenei" of the Vancouver Daily Provinoe
VERSES FOR MYl
FRIENDS
A SPLENDID PRESENT. AT ALL BOOKSTORES
Prioe, Cloth $1.50 j Paper, $1.00 FRIDAY March   14, 1924
SIXTEENTH TEAR.
no. 11 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver. b.c.
PAGE THREE
/ Specialize in
Expression
Plates
These platea aro the ultimate perfection, reached after-many
yean of experiment and Improvement. They are fullly as useful aa your original teeth were—they're beautiful to seo, thoroughly comfortable to use, * being individually adjusted—they
overcome any objection you may have had to wearing a plate.
And
The Cost Is Small
When you know, you will be surprised, the small charge I
make for this splendid plate. Why not call today for estimate
—no obligation whatever.
15-Year Written Guarantee Given on AU Work
Dr. Brett Anderson
17 Yoars' Practico In Vancouvor
Formerly member ol tbe Faculty ot the College of Dentistry,
University of Southern  California;  lecturer on Orown and
Bridgework, demonstrator on Platework and Operative Den*
tlstry, Local and General Ansasthesla.
602 Eastings Street West Phone, Seymonr 8331
Corner Seymour—Bank of Nova Scotia Building
Open Wednesday Afternoons, Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Vancouver Unions
VANCOUVER TBADES AND LABOB
. Oouncll — President, B. H. Neelands, M.
L. A.; goneral aeoretary, Percy B. Bengough.
Office: 803 Holdon Building. Phone Bey.
7495. Meets in Labor Hall at 8 p.m. on
the first and third Tuesdays in month.
ALLIED PRINTING  TBADES COUNCIL—
Meete second Monday In tho month. President, J. B. White; secreUry, B. H. Heel-
ands. P. 0. Boi 66.	
FEDERATED LABOB PARTY, Boom 111—
819 Pendor St. West—Business meetings
every Wednesday evening. A. Heolnnle,
chairman; E. H. MorrUon, aoc-treas.; Oeo.
D. Harriion, 1189 Parker Slroot, Vancouver,
B. C, corresponding seoretary.
Aai dlatrlct in Brltlih Columbia deilring
Information ro securing epeakera or the lor-
■nation ol local branchei, kindly oommunlorta
with provincial Beoretary J. Lylo Toll"**
634 Birks Bldg., Vanoouver, B. 0. Tele
phone Seymour 1839, or Fairmont 4938.
BAKEBT  SALESMEN, LOCAL 871-Me.tl
second Thunday every month in Holdon
Building. Preildent, J. Brlghtwell; Snanclal
iecretary, H. A. Bowron, 999—llth Avonuo
last. ' -=
INTEBNATIONAL     BBOTHEBHOOD     OF
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilder! and Help*
ers of America, Looal 194—"«•'■»«■ *™
and third Mondays In oaoh month in Holden
Building. President, P. Willis; *T**_s*r__
Prase*.   Office houn, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 6
BWOKLATEBS AND MASOHS-HJen w3
brlcklayen or masons for boUjrmm
etc.  or marble lotten, phono BrlokUyen
Onion, ml Holden Building.    	
CIVIC EMPLOYES UNION-Meotl Srat
and third Pridayi In each month, at Mf
Bichards Street. President, David CutMB,
9869 Albert Street; secretary-treasurer, Ooo.
Harrison, 1189 ___, "*■"■«■	
E5S5flf^i5o^S^g
. _srJSL^J^____--!l
I   CITY   t_BEH8HTERS   UM1U«   »>>•JJr
■      President, NeU MacDonald, *_-J^__***'
■__ »,i.rv. d. A. Wawon, No. 8 ""■'■»"■_
GENERAL    l^BOBERS    UN10N-MM1U
ovory flrst and third Monday in Holdon
Building.   Prosidont, J. B- H*""h™°«j Jn0"
clal soc-etary. A. Padgham, Joyce Road P. 0,
Vancouvor,  B.  C;  recording  secretory,   O*
.Teller,  2249—15tb Ave. East,  Vancouvor,
MACHINISTS LOCAL O*"-*™'1?^;!^;
Sills;  secretary, W.  Wwebamj   buslueii
ti-t M.r srss-Ks c.hB&do'.°
^e^r^'oietC^ni^i
_t sn a-m Preildent, Erneit 0. Miller, ms
Nellfn'Seeflieonttry, Edward Jamfcson,
991 Nelaon Street; flnanelal aeoretary, W. |.
WUllama, 991 Nelson Stroeti  orglnlier. F.
Fletcher. 991 Nelson Street.  	
FBDEBATED SEAFABEB8' UNWN OF B.
-a-Meetlng nlghU,dnt Tueaday and Srd
i Friday of each month at e_*$**_*iT___:
Cordo'. Stroet West. P"«l£»t*. *'£__.
nle* vice-president. John Johnson; ■•"•'KT
I treasurer, Wm. Donaldson, addroll M* ««•
d™. Strict Weit.   Brinck agont'l *Jdr«l.
I George Faulkner, 676 Johnioa Stroet, Vio
j STBEET AllD ELECTRIO *_ll____J___
clal eeorettry and bullnoil agent, W.H.Wt-
I SSl, 166—"th Ave. W. Office, ««»««
\ " "'M.f a-roof. Phono Fairmont 4604Y
I THE VANCOUVEB THEATRIOAJ. FEDER;
I ATION-Moct. at 091 N.l.on «"£•»"
f a.m. ou the Tueiday preceding tbelet I»>
I day of the month. '_*__,EnA'„"§_.
lion, 991 Neleoa St.; Socretary. 0. H. Wll
[Hams'991 Nelson St; Busineu Agont,   F.
I Fletcher. 991 Nelson St. —_
ITTPOGBAPHICAL UNION, No. H-l^"'!-
I    dent, B* P* PBttlploo.;   **»****_** _^i
[Wt'»»««%". ********* a*mr*'"
T Hastings Street Eait. —=jtt
I PRINCE RUPERTTYPBGBAPHlOAL
I    UNION, No. 418-Preildent.  S.rD. Mae*
lavenr 1st and 3rd Wednesday ovory monft.
|5l""Zai.nda_e, corresponding secretary 0*
l-Tether, fluanoW aocrotary; J* Halliday,
fbrpnoh organlior.
At tho Orphoiro'
An array ot really big artistes, oach
Iwlth a really entertaining gem of ar-
I tlstry, blends this week's Orpheum
(vaudeville into a wonderfully attrac-
Itivo bill. Horry Qreen, celebrated
I Hebrew comedian, is back, with Aaron
fHoftman's "Cherry Tree" act, which
I classic he has immortalized by his
I characterization of George Washing-
Iton Cohen's character. The clever
I sketch Is invested with comedy of
fthe highest order, and Harry Oreen
[grows better with years. Then thore
tls charming Mary Haynes, with her
•exclusive Bongs and burlesque imper-
f solutions. Miss Haynes knows no
I peer in her chosen line; she Is a great
I favorite.
A groat vaudeville prize package ls
raiso offered by Gattlson Jones and El-
Isle Elliott, who, with the aid of Hal.
I Fisher's orohestra, tender a decidedly
Idlfferent brand of singing and danc-
llng. A pleasing feature to muslo-
1lovers also ts Do Jari, European grand
I opera tonor, whoso performance is
•thoroughly enjoyable* "Reveries,"
■produced by Ray C. Wynne and a
■bevy of charming ladles, ls a revela-
Ition In color and form; as a novelty,
Jit ls the best this season. Ernest
|Hlatt convulses with his comedy turn,
, "Nothing Serious," and Mack and La-
iRue, ln their sensational roller skat-
ling performance, give the audience a
COFFEE
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
OHEAP NIGHT BATES
WE juat know you adore a "bargain,;"
'most everybody does, and even publlo utility companion offer tbem I
Hold your Long Distance social conversations between the hours of 7 p.m.
und 8 a>m., when wo give you a conversation lasting three timcB that of the day
SBriod allowed at the regular day rate to
. C. Telephone Company stations. Mow
what could be moro alluring I
Call the "Rate Clerk'*
other particulars.
for charges or
B. 0. TELEPHONE OOMPANT
decided kick in the way of thrills.
The usual attractive pictures and concert orchestra selections complete this
splendid bill. Next week the Orpheum
celebrates Its eleventh birthday in the
OranvUle street playhouse, and something extra special ls promised ln the
way oft entertainment.
"Bnt" Is Still » Great Flay
"The Bat," by Mary Romerts Rine-
hart and Avery Hop wood, which Wa-
genhals and Kemper will present at
the Orpheum theatre on Monday and
Tuesday next, ls the greatest play of
its kind and, there are plenty of theatrical men who will tell you that it is
quite likely to prove the greatest play
of any kind ever to be produced.
The best proof to offer of the truth
of these statements are the facts. The
reader may draw his own conclusions.
"The Bat" ran for more than two
years in New Tork. It ran for ftiore
than a year in Chicago. The play
holds the long-run record ln Boston
and Philadelphia. It was the flrst
and only play ever to run for four
consecutive weeks in Baltimore, and
has since returned on two different
occasions for additional engagements.
More than 6,000,000 persons have
seen "The Bat", In the United States,
and with a run of one year in London
to Its credit, and long engagements in
at least seven other European cities,
has a total attendance record thus far
of close to 9,000,000 persons.
"The Bat" today holds the box office
record for gross businesB in every city
in the United States In which it has
been presented.
UNEMPLOYMENT
****** ««««««        ****** ******
The Effects of Prices and Profits
[The following article, written bytvlded to create the sales of the na-
;  -GRPHIUH VCIRCUIT VAUDEVlut
LABI SHOW SAT. NIOHT
HARRY GREEN
. In "Tbe Cherry Tree"
And a Tiptop Vaudeville Bin
Starting Wednesday Night
Matinees Thursday, Friday, Saturday
A Special Anniversary Bill
SARAH
PADDEN
JOE E.
BROWN
THE FIVE FETLEYS
MILE, ANN OODEE
8AM OEEEN and MILDEED MYBA
A BIO SUBPBI8E ACT
ALYN MANN
Attractive Pictures  Concert Orchestra
Nights _3o, OOo, 730, 111  Plus
Mat. Weekday. llo, _ec, see J*   7%
Hat. Saturday 14c, 28c, fiOcl   Tax
STOMACH SUFFERING
Disappears aa If fay magic whan
JO-TO
In used. Gas pains, acid stomach, sour
stomach, burning and all after-eating distress  relieved in two minutes.     AU Drag
StOMl.
D. Dixon, in the Socialist Review, Is
one that we feel, merits earnest
thought land consideration on the part
of every tabor supporter. It is the
most logical expose of thts very vital
subject, that lt has been our privilege to read for some time.—Editor.]
rpHEl problem of unemployment ls as
pressing as ever ln spite of reeent
Improvement. It must be remembered, moreover, that the official figures
dq not cover all. There are many
thousands of men and women, dependent or semi-dependent upon
others, who would be glad to do suitable UBeful work If it could be found
for them, and it ls safe to say that
ten per oent. of our labor power, that
fs, labor power available for the production and distribution of wealth, is
idle. It is the effort of these notes to
reason from a new angle in the hope
that some assistance will thereby be
given, for the situation calls for hard
thinking by every citizen.
One often hears the words "purchasing power" used in discussions oh
the subject, and most people realize
today that bad trade and unemployment are due to the lack of purchasing power, otherwise effective demand,
at home and from abroad. Purchasing power, however, is only one factor; it needs to be correlated with another, and that Ib price. In other
words, total purchasing power must
be adjusted to the to,tat price of the
aggregate goods produced. This ls
obvious. Price In its turn is a representation of overall production costs.
Therefore the total of production costs
must be distributed as effective purchasing power if the price of the goods
is to be available in the form of an
effective demand and trade is to continue evenly.
We are accustomed to consider production conts and price side by side in
the case of a single business concern,
and perhaps at times to relate it to
the purchasing power available, that
Is, the demand, for the goods produced by the particular concern. We
may estimate the requirements of the
people of this country for a particular commodity and know that if more
than the amount is produced there
wilt be a surplus which cannot be
marketed successfully. We need
therefore to carry this line of thought
further and consider the many business concerns of the country as a
whble, as one huge business, as indeed
they arc. This leads us to the position that the total national production of goods, represented by the price
o'f the total, must be equalled ap
proximately by the purchasing power
llberted in the course of production
as wages, payments for materials,
proflt, etc. If the total price exceeds
total purchasing power liberated
there will be an unsaleable surplus of
gtoods. If, on the other hand, the total
purchasing' power liberated exceeds
the total price of the goods, the demand for the goods will be greater
than the supply, and the price of the
goods will rise to equal the purchasing power. At the moment we need
not follow the course Indicated by
the second set of circumstances,
though we saw the process during the
war. The flrst normally applies, and
it is eur business to examine cause
and effect and what the liberation of
purchasing power, to which reference
has been made, really is.
We wtll take a single average busi'
ness and see what happens for example, a small limited company. The
great bulk of the trade of the country
today is carried on by limited companies operating as distinct legal personalities with capital provided by
their share or stockholders or debenture holders. Our purpose is to analyze
tho accounts. The nation's trade can
be dealt with on the same principles,
Our limited company will maintain
a costing system which indicates not
only the cost of the individual article,
but also the total cost of the product,
and it co-ordinates this total cost with
the annual proflt and loss account and
balance sheet prepared by the book
keoping systom proper. It gives tho
management of the concern the fot
lowing Information:
Thc cost In materials and wages of
each article manufactured.
The totat of factory on-charges.
The total of selling nnd distribution
expenses, depreciation charges, reserves, etc.
The margin of profit and tlie re<
muneratlve prico.
The final total cost, which includes
all the foregoing cost items, must be
equalled by the price realtzod lf trading Is to be a success. This total
price realized is shown in the proflt
and loss account against the total ox
penses or costs, the batance sheet em
bracing the result and showing the
financial position of tho concern at
tho close of the trading year.
We will imagine that our limited
company manufactures certain commodities and Hs total output during
the year amounts to £5000 In price.
An effective purchasing powor on the
part of consumers to the total of
£5000 Is needed to create sales, Therefore, the company should provido
purchasing power to the extent of
£5000 In order to do Its share ln providing the demand upon which trade
depends. Foreign trade does not affect tho principle, for imports are
paid for by exports In somo form,
and a demand here for goods produced abroad Is balanced by a demand from abroad for goods or services in payment, Wo need only remark In passing that tn past years
the severity of trade slumps hns been
oased by the export of onpltnl for Investment abroad, other countries taking our surplus.
Our limited company, in making up
Ils accounts for the year, will Indicato
what purchasing power has been pro-
tion's' products. Expenses will be debited and sales will be credited. We
will summarise, the final result. Expenses debited should represent purchasing power released to secure the
sales shown on the credit aide. To ascertain whether they do so. we will
consider them in detail.
Wages an* Salaries—These are
purchasing power released to employees.
Materials Purchased—These represent purchasing power released to
other businesses, the accounts of
which can be subjected to a similar
analysis.
Stocks and hand at commencement'
of trading year have appeared in a
similar account as prospective sales,
or stock, and this account can be analyzed in a similar manner. Stocks at
close, prospective sales, are credited
and carry into next account.
Depreciation and Renewals—These
charges are released sooner or later
as expenditure on plant, providing
purchasing power in different directions. Depreciation charges may be
excessive and stocks sometimes may
be under-valued, this in effect creating a secret reserve, for which pee
later. It comes into profits eventually.
Taxes—These are released to the
government "(local or national), as
purchasing power and expended.
Profits—These represent purchasing power released to shareholders in
the form of dividends, but only partly spent immediately, part being retained in the banks for re-investment,
the process known as "saving" in economics.
Reserves—TheBe appear In the total
costs and therefore in the price of the
article, and are also "saved."
In the same way as part of the profits they become marketable credit.
They swell banking deposits and Increase the credit available in the
money market.
Immediate purchasing power then
released by our limited company falls
short of the price of the product, and
the immediate effective demand is insufficient to create adequate sales and
keep trade moving on an even keel.
It is commonly believed that expenditure by the wealthy is good fo*
trade, a popular fallacy which, like
many others, hns an element of truth
under present conditions. Sir Robert
Home claimed, ln the house of commons, that the interest on the national debt was not a loss to Industry,
as It was spent or re-invested. The
function of saving for re-investment
ls necessary for the development of
Industry, and this saving is mainly
effected by the wenlthler classes, often
Involuntarily, one may hazard,
without much self-denial. The
amounts so "saved" are Invested fn
new loans and Issues. In a boom
period, when profits are high, saving
will be particularly excessive.
We will consider, further, the final
items in our summary, namely, profits and reserves, whtch are not released as immediate purchasing
power, and see whnt is the effect of
excessive "saving."
Reserves may be set aside in the
form of reserve accounts and reserve
funds for various purposes, perfectly
legitimate purposes. In some cases by
writing up values they may be .ap
plied to the Issue of bonus shares and
represent fixed capital. They may,
on the other hand, become a form of
floating capital or credit, under the
control of the banks in the same way
as the saved proportion of profits. As
has been said previously, the effect is
to swell banking deposits and the
amount of credit, or bank money,
which the great banks are able to
offer to the money market. This
brings us to a consideration of the
effect on trade of the policy of thc
banks. It Is well known that the
amount which n bnnk Is willing to
advance on loan, either at cnll, short
notice or long notice, is determined
by tho amount of its deposits, thore
being a safety percentage boyond
which thoy do not go. They have to
maintain a cnsii or easily realized l*e-
Borve to meet all normal cnlls by their
depositors. Tho balnnce of their
funds they employ as profitably as
possiblo, and nn increaso in deposits
moans un Incrense in credit issue by
the bunk-1, this credit Issue In Its turn
incrensing deposits. Following thin
line of reasoning, therefore, wc rench
the position thnt tho placing of re
serves and surplus profits ln the con
trol of tho banks results in a supply
of cpedit which is disproportionately
plentiful. This cheapens credit, which
is UBod froely to Increase production
in old and new enterprises, production outstripping purchasing power
distribution, a cumulative effect, until the lack of purchasing power gradually making itself folt, the gap between purchasing power and goods
producod becomes wider, the slump
sots In, money Is locked up In unsaid
able stocks, bank deposits aro drawn
upon, bank credltB are callod
money becomes tight, and wo have
the trado depression, with ItB conse
quent unemployment, continuing un
til the surplus of goods is worked off.
The processes In our Individual
limited compnny nro being carried on
fn all, that is, In tbo whole business
machine, and the cumulative effect Ib
soon on tho money market. A poriod
of good trnde monns high profits nnd
the accumulation of reserves which
unduly increnso oredit capital and
production without providing adequate purchasing powor.
Tho intensity of the slump through
which we hnve been passing is duo
nlso to another auxiliary cnuso. That
causo Is the fall hi lho market values
of ronl goods and capital, whilo paper
capital has rotnlned Ub face value. It
will bo remembered thut the war nnd
the post-war periods saw a great Increase In prices and the face value of
goods. The assets of* all business concerns Increased greatly in face value
or were acquired at high priees. The
nominal capitals of business concerns
were fixed to bear the correct relation'to existing values expressed In
terms of money, the adjustment being
secured by the Issue of bonus shares
ln many cases. Recently, however,
the face values of assets of businesses
have fallen heavily. Although reductions ln paper capital have been car-.
rled out in some cases, generally
speaking they have not The depredation in values has been provided
for out of profits, being charged In
the same way as an expense, and It
appears In total costs which are covered by price of goods sold.' So that
large sums have been taken from tn:
dustry to make up for the fall In
values and maintain the face value
of paper securities, the corresponding
purchasing power, however, not being
released. Our previous reasoning on
reserves explains this. Purchasing
power again falls short of price. Owners continue to draw dividends, etc.,
on the boom level of capital, though
wageB and salaries have decreased,
The rate of dividend may be lower,
but the basis stands.
Orime  of   Casual   Labor   Real
Danger to Tranquility of
Social Structure
A LESSON   OF   PATRIOTISM
Wives and Children of Workers
Driven Out to Supplement
Family Income
TT HAS BEEN the lot of the world
for some time past to experience strikes and lockouts, in Its many
and varied industries and other lines
of necessary occupations. In many
cases they have very far-reaching and
disturbing effects upon society as a
whole, and, for that very reason, one
would have thought that the causes
would have received much more consideration than they have in the past.
There might be a very good reason for
society not taking an active interest in
those things; perhaps they never get
an honest opportunity afforded them
perhaps the Information they do receive has little in common wtth the
truth regarding the matters in question. Be that as tt may, there remains something that should receive
our attention right at this moment, if
we would face, honestly and fearlessly, conditions as they actually ej^st,
and which ever remain a source of
real danger so far as the tranquility
of the social structure is concerned
Is there not something else wo can
do, than to turn to those men who
may have had to take a stand that
they have, whether rightly or wrongly, and reproach them with their lack
of responsibility and their disregard
of the common good? A bitter laugh
would answer us from those who know
anything of their conditions. Try to
see some of the anxious groups that
are about this city of Vancouver, at
their habitual "stands" in the hopes
that something might turn up by
which they might be able to earn the
means to provide themselves and
their families with the necessities of
life. For a few minutes, each man
lives intensely, liko a gambler watching the wheel. The chance goes by,
the day Is over. And so the week
runs on. Once ,or twice ln a week—■
ofttimes not at all—our longshoremen
and those in other lines of endeavor,
where the work is of a transitory nature, get their "calt" and enjoy the
felicity of earning a few dollars a
day. The other days are blank
stretches of idleness and fretting.
Thus do we teach our lesson of patriotism nnd responsibility. How powerfully must each man feel, as tho
call for work gees past htm, thnt n
watchful society cradles and guards
htm! How intimate must be his nense
that he fits Into the cogwheels of
the intricate social mochaniBm! Whnt
pride must sustain him, that ho hns
his place In an ordored world
rights and duties! What a pattern of
tho social orgnnism, what a model of
the care of all for each, is tliis shivering crowd of casuals jostling for tho
chance to work! Tbe mai'vel Ib, to
write plainly, thnt theso mon do not
turn and rend us, with bombs and
daggers in their hands.
For Instance, in the case of workors at our wator fronts, whore tlio
"casual worker" occupies himself, ns
a rule, or In tho world of shipping
and tho docks, is It all chance nnd
disorder? Disregard for n moment
tho laborers whom It employs, nnd
Hint Is not the Impression which you
will receive. There are wonders of
mechanism horo, from tho gronl ships
to the giant cranes, that toll of science, system and forethought. A
marvel of organization, with its punctilio service of cablegrams, regulates
tho movements of the humblest
"tramp" steamer around tho map.
Bohind It all, burled In their statistics, are the underwriters and tho insurance firms, who eliminate from
tho Immense and complicated advon
ture overy oloment of unnecessary
risk. Thoy have made n science of
chance. They have averaged overy
hazard. Not nn uncharted rock no''
a lawless tornado can threaten proporty in those laden hulls but organization hns found out lho wny to covor
the risk and anticipate the loss. Only
whon it handles human lives is this
Industry absent-minded. Nothing clue
is casual.   It has organized everything
nn  ''nllv lives of those who nerve
It, And it hns suited tlio employors
to maintain this system. It has kept
tho workors helpless and until vory
i recent times, stood In tho way of their
I organization.    With two men waiting
New Shipments of
English Footwear
for Men
Jnst arrived, via Panama
Canal, some of the finest
Shoes ever shown in Canada. The famous
"Grenson" shoe-
dressy, perfect-
fitting: and serviceable. Including:
PINE BROWN WILLOW CALF AND
BLACK BOX CALF SHOES
Derby pattern, calfskin lined with English oak
tanned soles; also brown willow calf and black
box calf brogue oxfords and Lome models; also
the famous "Escalibur" brand in brown calf
Derby models; all made exclusively for the H.
B. C. and marked at the new season's prices,
$7.50 to $13.50. -
LET US SHOW YOU.
VANOOUVER, B. O.
for one man's job, wages remain low,
and the unions weak.
Nor is lt the men only who feel the
effects of the "system." The wives
and children of these chronically employed casual workers are, only too
often, driven out to supplement the
family Income. On the wages of two
or three days work a week families
cannot live. What the public, and the
so-called taxpayers, fall to see Is that
they are wrestling with a problem
which Ib the outcome of the recklesB
pursuit of profits on the part ot many
industries employing casual labor.
The relief that Is given to these unemployed and underemployed families is really a subsidy to those industries, which help to keep alive, for
their exploitation, theso reserves of
laborers always clamoring for a job.
The casual workers have, as a rule,
to faco a well-organized body of employers, whose only desire Is to obtain labor at the lowest cost without
any consideration of the standard of
life. Against such a fortress, a bold
but unorganized attack is not only
useless, but is suicidal, Organization
among Buch workers ls an absolute
essential. One of the greatest factors
standing In the way of the proper solution of the difficulties of such men
is the apathy of the general public.
To think that men are permitted to
work under such conditions as they
are ofttimes, is appalling. It is Idle
for the man-in-the-street to complain
when he is temporarily inconvenienced, until he accepts the responsibility of citizenship nnd insists that the
men employed In an absolutely necessary Industry shall be guaranteed a
decent standard of life. No man liv-
eth to himself alone- No man can bo
true to himself or to the country fn
which he "mny have accepted citizenship, If ho fails to consider the welfare of his fellows. The labor socialist movement is calling out for you 10
come and Join its ranks, and thore
march shoulder to shoulder with tho
others of your fellowmen, In an honest, sincere and Intelligent effort to
make this world of ours—what lt can
be made, with your help and mine—a
place flt for heroes to live In,
Good nature Ib the cheapest commodity in the world.
MUSICIANS'
Benefit
Concert
—AT THE—
--Orpheum Theatre-
Sunday, March 16th, 1924
At 9 o'clock p.m.
ADMISSION, $1.00
Tickets for sal, tt .11 Music stoics and
Orpheum Box Offlce, ud tbey uiuat be
secured before Sunday, aa noae can be
aold on tbat Aay.
Best $2.50
GLASSES   ON   EAHTH.
OlHiei not proscribed anion tb*
■olntelr oeceHtry. Examination!
made by graduate Eycalgbt Special*
iitfl. Satiafacilon guaranteed.
We grind onr own lenaei. Lcumi
duplicated by mail.
PITMAN
Optical House
(Formerly Brown Optical  House)
Be   eure   of   tbe   address—AboTe
Woolworth'* Store, near
Granville.
Suite 36. Darii Chambers,
61S  HASTINOS  STBEBT  WEST
__t__*oA09_wti
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
° McClary's, Pawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
A COMPOSITION
THAT "CAN'T BE BEAT"
SUBJECT -
Beer
BODY—Made from hops, the choicest _923's, and
Malt of "Extra Quality."
CONCLUSION—Order Britannia Beer—We deliver it. PAGE FOUR
sixteenth year, nq.ii BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vANcouvBR. a a
FRIDAY March   14, 1924
Minister of Labor Shaw Presents
to British Parliament Amend
ment to Bill
[By O. L. C]
"MINISTER OF LABOR SHAW recently presented an amendment to
the Unemployed Insurance bill. It
was not Intended to be the last word In
legislation on that important subject.
It was Intended to deal with one Injustice—the three weeks gap in payments—by the abolition of the gap.
it did so In one clause. The three
weeks gap in payments was devised in
pre-war times us a hint to unemployed to get out and look for a job. The
speakers were almost unanimous In
the' view of that unemployment is
now a much different affair from a
few years ago and the bill passed its
second reading with very little criticism.
The discussion brought out the by
no means new Idea that many men
will not apply to the guardians for
relief even when the "dole" was stopped for the three weeks "gap," and
great hardship resulted. The word
"dole" was attacked as incorrect.
What Is one's due Is not a dole, and
workers and employers had themselves contributed about three-fourths
of the money, the state only one-
fourth.
In the opinion of the government,
the unemployment is directly caused
by tho war and the nation, therefore,
responsible so the nation should pay.
Mr. Neil Maclean (Qovan). in the
discussion Instanced, in an attack on
the system used in the employment
exchanges, a case of a man who had
worked 40 yoars wtth onc shipbuilding firm on the Clyde, yet he received
a pink card stating that he is not entitled to benefit, because he Is "not
seeking whole time employment."
Another man, a bollermaker, with 35
years in one employment, received the
same treatment.
TUBBY-
HERE'S A HISTORICAL FACT
By WINNER
Is Russia Going Back to Capitalism?
'PHE speaker at Dr. Curry's meeting' 'days later he delivered a speech to
•*•   -_._..    *«_._.- -nr     _>-,---,.,-»     ...i--.    thfl    mem horn    nf    tlna    imi'iir    _-..    "rn--.
last Friday waB W. Bennett, who
made the final talk on the "Russian
Revolution." He dealt with the much
discussed question, "Is Soviet Russia
Going Back to Capitalism?" Before
dealing with the subject proper, he
disabused the minds of the audience
of a false impression that had been
left with them by a former speaker,
that the bolsheviks had been forced
Into power by conditions, contrary to
their desires, and also that the Third
International was launched solely to
meet the material requirements of the
Russian revolution. Far from such
being the case, the bolsheviki fought
overy Inch of their way consciously to
their objective—the conquest of political power. Lenin arrived in Petro
grad on April 14th, six weeks after
the overthrow of Nicholas, and two
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
18 Hutings Street East 2—STORES—2 655 Oranvllle Street
Ser. H88-6J2 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. S513-1SS1
f
FREE SERVICE NOW OFFERED
—BY—
CANADIAN NATIONAL RAILWAYS
Colonization and Development Department
rpHE work of this department is being rapidly extended throughout
■* Western Canada to be of the best possible service to the public, and
through its special representatives in the East, in Oreat Britain, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and other European countries, lt will be able
to bring to Canada large numbers of immigrants, male and female,
who ln a short time should become permanent and desirable settlers.
The great obstacle in the past has been the uncertainty of Immediate
employment for the new arrival and farmers can assist colonization
work by employing their help through this channel, and If possible
BY THE YEAR. The work Is done without charge and no advances
are required for transportation or for any similar purpose. All information given ls used for the purpose of Informing the settler requiring work only,
EVERY NEW SETTLER HELPS YOU PROSPER
LALL C. N. R.
— AND WILI
, STATION AGENTS HAVE NECESSARY FORMS
* WILL TAKE YOUR APPLICATION, OR WRITE
D. M. JOHNSON, R. C. W. LETT,
General Agent,
EH
General Agricultural Agent,
WINNIPEG
EDMONTON
Colonization and Development Department
Canadian National Railways
:
**#******t-am#a^^
Ask for
"OLD ENGLISH**
Pale Ale
A fall-bodied, fine flavored Ale
that will compare in quality with
ny of the ftunoua imported
■tea, and at much lees cost to the
consumer.
At aO Government Vendors
:
i *
;
;
:
1—a —hat*—ttt—at ii net published or displayed ay ■
the Liquor Control Board or by the Government ol .
Britiih Colombia.
the members of the party on "Our
Task in the Revolution." The burden
of this speech, which was the guide
to their activities during the following months, was that power should
be diverted from the constituent assembly, the political instrument of
bourgeois constitutional democracy,
to the Soviets of workers and soldiers
deputies, for their struggle for emancipation from economic servitude.
For this purpose, the July rising whs
organized, as wore all their other activities. Power did not come'to them
by blind chance, but was achieved by
consciously directed effort, by using
social forces and not by being the
plaything of them did the bolsheviks
como to the helm of stnte in what is
now the first workers republic.
That it Is a fallacy to assume that
the Third International Is merely a
product of the material needs of the
Russian revolution, it is only necessary to read the proceedings of the
Communist International congress,
and the official publications of the
last two years, to flnd that nine-tenths
of the Internationals' theses and discussions relate to the situation In Germany. In the first years of the Third
International, Russia loomed largest
of all countries, because there the
revolution was in course of development. Tomorrow It may be England
or France. To state that the Third
International was inaugurated merely to serve the -material ends of the
communist party of Russia, Bhows r
supreme degree of Ignorance of the
history of the Ltmmerwald commission, or indicates that some individuals have axes to grind.
ia Russia going back to capitalism?
Many workers, inspired by the capitalist press, ask this question of themselves. The question dates from the
inception of the new economic policy,
the "nep" as it is called in Russia.
In the flrst place, what is capitalism?
Social development has proceeded
through a variety of forms since the
passing of primitive communism.
Chattel-slavery, feudalism, to what is
termed capitalism, each has appeared
upon the stage of history, each continuing the other in nn embryonic
form. The dominating system, however, giving its name to the period.
Wage labor was not uncommon in the
chattel-slave empires, and feudal tenure In land still exists lu England in
the midst of a hlghly-devoloped capitalism. This, however, does not prevent the economic system ln England
being considered an institution, where
one class owns the machinery of production, and uses it for the exploitation of the other class. This Is capitalism. Is this the end of thc road
nlong which soviet Russia is travelling?
In 1918, Lenin is one of his speeches
asked, "What are thc immediate economic tasks after the conquest of
stato power?" And he answored:
They are the socialization of the
great industries, the means of transportation, the banks, the state monopoly of foreign trade and the control
of production by the workers." Note
that this ls the immediate task after
the capture of state power. This
Bpeech was made before the outbreak
of the civil war, and the consummation of this work means that the class
struggle could be carried on in the
manner In which such struggles nl-
ways have been carried on," In the
military arena, whero brute force and
the cunning known as genius take
precedence of all else. The ferocity
of the strugglo compelled the soviet
government to nationalize atl productive activity, and Just as we in Canada
were allowed a bread ration and a
sugar ration, and prohibited from eating Mr. Flavelle's ham in two days
of the week, so the' Russian workers
were compelled to live according to
rules and regulations. We did it that
the war might be won, the Russians
did lt that the revolution might be
Baved.
With the liquidation of the counterrevolution, the bolsheviks returned to
the economic tasks of the original
programme. Soviet pftwer does not
rest on bullets alone, but also on the
ability of tho soviet system to feed
120 millions of people. The period of
military communism came to an end,
and In a new economic pol foy was introduced.
Thore are times which may bo of
long duration when only those can
work efficiently who abandon all
praotlcat work and devote themselves
to revolutionary propaganda and
organization; there are also periods In
history when the most prosaic, matter-of-fact activity becomes Intensely
revolutionary, when the Ideal's! of the
first period rolls up the sleeves and
puts Ir.to practice work that haB taken
long to plan. In Russia, the soapbox Mid the pamphlets weie discarded for the rifle and tlie sword,  ind
now these have given way to the hammer and the plow.
The working class, industrial or peasant, understands concrete facts better thnn abstract ideas. During the
period of military communism the soviet state was obliged itself to take
over and administer en masse of most
heterogeneous types of undertakings,
quite beyond the reach of the scanty
resources of food and raw material at
Its disposal, stated the nakaz of the
soviet government, and to prevent
their dissipation, the new economic
policy was introduced. To facilitate
the development of agriculture, free
trade in surplus grain was inaugurated. This encourages the peasant to
develop the industry, though he does
not own the land, and his wheat and
rye are disposed of abroad through
the government monopoly of foreign
trade. Basic Industries remain in the
hands of the proletarian state; light
Industries are entrusted to the initiative nnd resourcefulness of co-operators and Individuals under the strict
control of the state; undeveloped or
natural resources.are thrown open to
tho foreign capitalists on mutually
beneficial terms.
This state ownership, which the
Russian communists call "state capitalism," is not to be confused with the
government ownership of the reformers known as "state socialism,"
which develops under the protecting
wing of a capitalist state-power, and
is but a collection weapon of the bourgeoisie for exploiting the worker*
Tho state capitalism of the Russian
workers operates with the political
power in the hands of the workers;
it ls carrying on Industry by the methods of capitalism in the limits of
the capitalist market. It ls their new
road to communism. The workers
have behind them the red army, police, courts, all the forces of the state,
all the trustified Industry, land and
transportation, to make their state
capitalism successful.
The workers of soviet Russia
learned the science of war, and defeated all the hired leglonalres of
capitalism; they learned the art of diplomacy, and foiled the polished and
accomplished spokesmen of the old
order; they are now learning: the
modes of modern production, and the
critical tricks of business. Lenln said:
"We Russinns, know how to learn,
and since the communist party has determined to turn aH its energies into
the development of economic life, they
will learn this, just as they learned
the science of war and the art of
diplomacy." Trotsky was asked once
if there was any danger of the red
army being defeated. He replied, "Of
course thero Is a possibility that our
troops will be defeated, But our aim
is victory, not defeat." * The danger
that capitalism will win out In soviet
Russlu is less real than that other
CITY OP VANOOUVEB
TENDERS FOB PIPE
THE) UNDERSIGNED will receive alternate
liiil.s up to ono o'clock, Tuesday, April 1,
11)24, for tlio siiiiply of 5000 feot of 6-inch
Inp-woldi'd step] or cast Iron pipe or 10,000
foot ot 6-inch InpMvelded steel or cast iron
pipe.
A marked cheque for tho sum of $300 to
nccompany tender.
Specification con be obtained at the office
of the City Engineer.
JAMBS STUART,
Purchasing Agent.
OITT OF VANOOUVEB
TENDEBS FOB TRUCKING AND TEAMING
TENDEBS FOB STBBBT SIGNS '
TENDERS wilt ho received by the under-
aliened up to Tuesday, March 18,   1024,
at 2 p.m., for the following:
1. For Trucking and Teaming at a price
por cubic yard nnd also by the day, for the
year 1924.
2, Far the supply and erection of the ne-
coasary metal street signs, and also the erection of wooden signs already In stock. *
Ful] particular* may be obtained at tho
offlco of the City Engineer, City Hall.
A deposit of $50.00 by marked cheque, payable to tho City Treasurer, will be required
to accompany each tender for Trucking nnd
Teaming.
WILLIAM McQUEEN,
City Clerk.
City Hall, Vancouver, B. C, March 12,
1924.
OOBPOBATION OF POINT OBEY
' Tenders for Uniforms
POLICE
THE BOARD OF POLICE COMMISSION-
ERS will receivo sealed tenders up to
fl.ito o'clock a.m. on Monday. April 7th next,
for tho supply of seventeen uniforms, each
consisting of ono overcoat, ono tunic und two
pairs of pants.
FIREMEN
Tin- council wlil receive rtealod tenders up
lo 8 o'clonk ji in. on Monday, April 7th next,
for tbo Miipply of nlnetoon uniforms, each
consisting of ono coat nnd two pairs of pants.
SnmpIcA of cloth are required with tender*
for each department.
Tenderers are required to state the time
at whi;-i, they will deliver the suits after
acceptance of tender and to 1>e prepared to
give security (If required) for such delivery
on time.
Tenders should bo marked on the outside
"Tenders for Uniforms."
Tho lowest or sny tender not nocossarlly
accepted.
HENRV FLOYD,
.,    , 0. M. 0.
Municipal Hal], 5851 West 'Jnulevnrd,
Vancouver, B.C., March II, 1984.
danger that communism will soon be
in the saddle ln Western Europe.
This Friday, Tom Richardson, ex-
M, P. of the British house of commons,
will be the speaker. His subject will
be "The Personality and Issues of the
British Labor Government."
Boxed Boose
Much of this present-day whiskey
is aged in wood, but the wood is provided by the undertaker.—Nelson
News.
If you do not attend your union
meetings and the other fellow does,
why kick. He is doing the best he
can. Why complain because George
does it.    Why not do It yourself?
W. WILSON
Loggers and Surveyor!
BOOTS
Made to Order
Oiir Specialty
Repairing Neatly  Done
28 WATER STREET
VANOOUVEB, B. 0.
Phone, Seymonr 936
WE CATER TO THE LABOR
HAN
CMtMDM!
NM10NM-
STEAMSHIP
TICKET ACffiNOY
TICKETS TO ALL PARTS Ot*'
THE WORLD
Agent for all Steamship
Companies
Drop In and Let Us Talk lt Over.
BOBT. HAT, Agent
Vanconver, B, O.
WE HAVE JUST RECEIVED A NEW STOOK OF
Borsalino Hats
In the new sand, grey, brown and blaok
NEWEST SHAPES
Stetson Hats $8.50
Borsalino $7.50
Other makes from ....: $2.50
Pine Shifts, hundreds of patterns to select from....$1.26
Men's Suits from $17.50
New styles and conservative models
Clay Worsted Bine $29.60
Work Shirts from  $1.00
Men's Oxfords  $5.60
Men's Pine Boots fron. ..$4.00
Stridor Boots $8.00
Bell's Boots, Dr. Reed's Cushion Soles $tl,60
Agent for HEADLIGHT OVERALLS
and COMBINATIONS
W.B. Brummitt
18 and 20 OORDOVA STREET WEST and
412 HASTINOS STREET WEST, VANOOUVER, B. 0.
A Useful Animal
"Chlckers, sah," said tho old negro
sage, "ls de usefullest animals dere ls.
You can eat 'em befo' dey ls born and
after dey is dald."—Exchange.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
W_1»IBT1»», lOtUROM, IM.
MUM Metropolitan Bulldlnf
M7 BasUnia It. W. VAVOODVBl. I. O.
Xebjkoios: Btymm MM ud «M7
One reason why so many people are
extravagant these dnys Is that there
are a thousand ways to spend money,
and only one way to save It.
BURNING STOMACH
Bollered la two minutes with
JO-TO
Jo-To relievei |M Mini, acid stomach, heartburn, after-eating distress, and all forma of
Indigestion quickly, without harm.
*      All Drag Stores
THE CHOICE OF THE iUNIONS
GATTO'S
VERY OLD HIGHLAND WHISKY
THOROUGHLY    MATURED—ONE    OP   THE    MOST   POPULAR
BRANDS  AT  THE   GOVERNMENT  STORES
OOLD LABEL
16-YEAR-OLD
Ask tor OATTO'S.    For sale at all Government Liquor Stores
Thli advertisement li not published or displayed by tbe Liquor Control Board'or
by tbe Oovernment of British Columbia
SPLENDID VALUES FOR
SATURDAY SELLING
TN every shipment of Shoes we find some lines that
stand out as being unusually good values.    We
have selected a few from our new spring stock that
are particularly appealing.
Ladies' dark brown calf Oxfords; made on a neat, moderately
blunt toe last, in low, flat heel or cuban; widths D and E,
price, per pair   $5.95
Ladies' black kid short vamp Oxfords; welted soles,
cuban heels, plain toe; made on wide fitting E last.
Price, per pair   $5.95
Ladies' combination last black kid Boots; plain toe,
low heel. Wide through the ball of foot and small
in heel and ankle; cushion insole; sizes 2*/2 to 8.
Price, per pair  $7.50
Men's Brogue Oxfords.—A shoe made especially for long wear; two full
soles, broad flat heel; solid leather from heel to toe; good looking broad
toe last; widths D and E.  Sizes 5-11, at per pair $5.00
Men's new model square toe Boots; brown veal upper, heavy single sole,
rubber heel; all sizes.   A wonderful value at, per pair $5.00
Men'B hand-made work Boots; stout black chrome uppers, plain toe,
No. 1 slugged sole; all solid leather.   All sizes, at per pair $6.00
PIERRE PARIS
51 HASTINGS ST. WEST

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