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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 10, 1922

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I Second   Gathering
Have Much to
, Conference WH1 Deal with
Unemployed Women
The second conference on un-
, employment will open on Honday
f next at lt a.m. In the Flnt Prei-
' byterlan Church, and It lo tzpected
that   many   organlaatlons   which
were not represented at the laat
.one   will    have    representative!
I there:
Among ether matters which the
conference Will deal* with will be
the correspondence exchanged between the committee of twenty-
•ve and the government.
Following the   laat   conference
i IW. H. Cottrell, chairman  of  the
. committee,   lent    the    following
letter te Hon.   James   Murdock,
Minister ef Labor:
Vancouver, B. C,
14th February, Hit.
the Hon. James Murdock,
Minister of Labor,
Ottawa, Qnt.
Pear Sir,—
On account of the serious sltu-
illon with regard to unemployment
|" hi Vancouver and surrounding districts, which has existed for some
Ume. and the distress occasioned
thereby, a conference wat called
en Monday, Feb. I, of all tradee
Inions. Returned soldior organl-
latlons and other publie bodies In
| Uie district to review the queatlon
If relief neceasary through unemployment, and consider what meat-
ares should be taken te deal effectively with inch a serious situation.
The conference was held In the
First Presbyterian Church, and 110
delegates were present.
Reporte Aere received from
those In close touch with the unemployed situation in the varioui
district! and the measures taken to
relieve the distress in each district
were outlined to the conference.
It waa apparent trom the report!
that there wat no uniformity In the
manner In which the situation was
being dealt wtth by the different
municipalities; that there was
much for aa, to the manner tn which
I Federal'Government wai assisting In the relief measures; that
many were not getting adequate relief, and that there waa need In the
face of such a serious situation that
the Federal Oovernment should as-
eume control.
After considerable discussion the
enclosed resolution waa passed, the
aame to be forwarded to the Minister cf Labor.
A permanent committee of 25
was elected to carry out the wlshea
ef the conference and to eall a further conference ot the organisations to consider progress made.
It wai further deolded to call a
sass meeting' on Sunday, Feb; it,
to consider the unemployment slt-
(Continued on page 4)
AT in
Will Speak in Vancouver
in Afternoon and New
, Westminster at Night
The looal committee of the
Frienda of Soviet Russia have bcen
fortunate in tecurlng the services
af Hulet M. Wells to speak on Sun-
lay next. He Is widely experienced
tn the working class movement In
all its phases. He was for a con-
efderable time a delegate to the
Seattle Central Labor Council. For
his activities In the working class
movement, he was sent to goal by
the ruling class of the United
States. On his release, the workers of Seattle gave him a royal welcome.
When the call for delegates was
eent out by the Red Trade Union
International, Wells was chosen by
the Seattle Central body to act or
Its representative. He has been ln
the heart of Soviet Russia. He has
aeen the suffering In the famine
area, and will be able to give Vancouver workers a true Insight into
the conditions which now prevail,
and the cause of them.
Wells Is billed to speak at the
Boyal theatre on Sunday at 3 p.m.,
and at New Westminster In the Edlion theatre on Sunday evening, at
S.80. All workers should endeavor
te hear him.
Investigation  Committee
Censures Those Making Charges
Unity Policy of Communists Accepted by Bulgarian Communists
Moscow.—Bell *• *.un, former
•oviet premier '. ^ ungary, was
cleared of chart "} * cowardice,
treachery and t •%■ mpllclty in
murders ot Comi i ti In a report adopted by : executive
oommlttee of the! U- d International. At the earn % itlng Delegate Thomann repo M' on condition! in Austria **.,'■ Delegate
Kularev on Bulgaria.
Certain Hungarian Communists
had made the charges agalnat Bela
Kun and the executive committee
had appointed a subcommittee ln
January, 1922, to investigate. All
documents and witnesses available
were given consideration. The
committee, Lunacharskt, reporting, found "that the charge! of
political Irresponsibility and even
of political treachery were entirely false and untenable. This includes the suspicion thrown on the
negotiations with tho entente for
the surrender of the soviet rule, as
well as the myths concerning Bela
Run's alleged too hasty flight after
the soviet dictatorship had collapsed.
"Accusations relating to bad
Judgment on the military situation
at the close of the dictatorship and
the charges of complicity in the
murder of two alleged Communists sent by Rakovsky to Hungary
are likewise unfounded. Misappropriations of public property
tor peraonal uses are also baseless.
"The   subcommittee   ia   of   the
opinion that the Hungarian com-'
(Continued on page 2)
Alderman Pettipiece Only
Member of Council to
Vote for Change
. A committee from the Vancouver Workers' Protective Association, waited on the City Council
en Tuesday with the object of having the present relief measures for
the unemployed married men
The committee aaked that cash
or checks be issued instead of the
present doles from thc relief office, and that the secretary of the
organisation be put on the payroll
as li being done In South and
North Vanoouver,
The committee waa granted the
privilege of placing the views of
the organisation before the City
Council, and J. R. Hawthorne wae
the first to speak. He opened by
Mating that It was evident that the
City Council did not realise the
manner In which the relief office
waa being conducted or thc conditions that existed In tho homes of
the men on relief.
He quoted the prices of groceries as stated by the relief office,
and showed that these prices, instead of being as stated wholesale
prices, did not even compare favorably with the prices at the retail
stores. One alderman asked Mr.
Hawthorne, Is there anything you
get at the relief office that Is satisfactory, and the answer wbb yes.
sugar. Alderman Tracey askod
the price of sugar at thc relief office and when told he stated that
he got sugar cheaper than the
price quoted.
Alderman Pettlplece stated that
he had been to the relief office
and had seen a woman with a
child who had told him that she
had been there three hours waiting for relief. He asked If the
city was making anything out of
tho groceries handed out to the
unemployed, and was informed
that nothing waa being made. He
suggested that If It .would not cost
the city any more that checks
should be given to the unemployed.
Other representatives of the unemployed including Mr. Harrison,
and Mr. Flndlay addressed the
council, but by the vote of the
council It was decided to continue
the present system. Alderman Pettlplece alone voting against it.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 15, at 2:30 p.m.
»« I I I I I I il I I I I I I I I I I I l-l-0*O-0-»HHOMO-l
ONCE again spring is at hand—that season of the
year when the workera seek to renew their agreements with their employers or to make fresh ones. This
year; however, it is the employers who ore setting the
pace, and the workers are being faced on evry hand with
wage cuts.
. From every part of the province word is daily received
of the attitude of the employen towards the wage question. In every case they are seeking to ent wages. While
the employers are mostly engaged in industrial occupations covering many trades and crafts, the method of procedure is to take -one section of the industry and reduce
the wages of the workers in that branch, the rest soon
follow. v
When the workers are organized on an industrial basis,
as they are in the coal-mining industry, the employers
are forced to deal with their employees as an industrial
aggregation.   But all industries are eorelated, and the
workers should show a- united front on the question of
wages. The different building trades should act together. A cut in one craft means the weakening of the
-position of the other crafts. The cutting of wages in an
industry weakens the-other industrial organization's
efforts to resist a cut in wages.
j   The standard of living of the workers is being
! (lowly but surely reduced.   The workers are apathetic
/and are not offering that resistance which they should.
There ire too many divisions.  Close up the ranks.  Let
1 »11 sections of the workers deal with the cutting of wages
.'■■.at a united force.   The time for action is here.   The
-apathy in the labor movement must be destroyed or the
.porkers' standard of living will be reduced to the lowest
' j' j subsistence level. A united front is necessary on the part
-4 iff the workers, and craft and industrial divisions should.
tia ignored as far as possible, to resist the wage-cutting
' olicy of the employers.
I It 0 Oiti'l I I lllll 0 I IJ I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I o I I i I I I I II I Q I 0 1
Trades Congress Officials
Seek Legislation from
Ottawa.—Headed by Tom Moore,
president of the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada, a delegation of labor men presented a
memorandum to the Federal- Government -containing the viewe of
organised labor,    .
The principal feature of the
labor programme was that the
government was aaked to pass legislation giving effect to the conventions of the International Labor
conference. Canada, being a member of the League of Nations, lt
was contended that the Dominion
should show Its good faith by a
recognition of those conventions.
Other things asked for -were:
Election day to be made a legal
holiday; abolition of the deposit
for political candidates; partial or
total exclusion ef Aalattci; recognition ot the right ot peaceful
Picketing; abollton of the aenate;
repeal of the order forbidding
Canadian National Railway employee! to become candldatea for
public olllce; the placing of a
workers' representative on the
board of management of the nationally owned railways; and the
creation of an Independent tariff
In answer to a question from the
premier, Moore itated that, ln
normal times, his organisation represented a membership of about
220,000, but that at present the
paid-up membership waa about
Danoe Saturday.
Don't forget the dance on Saturday night In the Ponder Hall,
corner of Pender and Howe Streets.
Good music, a fine floor and every
accommodation.   Admission, gents
Englneera Meetings.
The International Steam and
Operating Engineers meet at 319
Pender St. Weat every Tuesday at
R p.m, All Steam Engineers are
urged to become members.
Every reader of The Federatlonist can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions aa soon as they are due, and
and by Inducing another worker to
subscribe. It does not take much
effort to do tills.   Try It.
Provincial Gov't Will Not
Accept Federal
(By The Federated Press)
Halifax. N. S.—The Halifax unemployed endeavored to hold a
parade with banners carrying mottoes such aa 'Olve us this day our
dally bread," and "Oovernment
says family of five needs twenty-
one dollars and sixty cents a week.
We get $0,00," The police forbade
the parade. The unemployed telegraphed Ottawa and got a reply
from James Murdock, Minister of
Labor, stating that it was unnecessary for he unemployed to parade
as the city and provincial authorities were no doubt aware of their
Tho Nova Scotia government ls
practically the only provincial government in Canada, apart from
Quebec, that has refused to join
the Federal unemployed relief
scheme, and has refused to allow
the municipalities to fall in line
with that scheme. The Dominion
Oovernment has agreed to pay
one-third of the unemployed relief
necessary providing the government of a province pays one-third
and the municipality in which the
unemployed live pay the olRer
the other third. The unemployed
of Nova Scotia therefore can gdt
no relief, unless, they declare they
are paupers and are put under the
overseers of the poor, thus becoming dij-frni-oM-wi.
American Continent Now (Sank
Has Valuable News
(By The Federated Praia)
Chicago.—-"jJo other country to
the world today haa ao good' a
labor newa aervice and labor press;
It ii the one Held of labor organisation In which we are not lagging," declare! The Labor Herald,
'a militant, constructive monthly
trade union magazine" of -whicb
tbe first numbeT is just out.
"The annual meeting of The
Federated Press," the new month!
writes ln an editorial, "bring!
forcefully to our attention the revolution that haa been achieved In-
labor journalism In the United
"Four years ago thia field wag
the most cheerless and disheartening prospect Imaginable. It was a
veritable chaos. There were hundreds ot Isolated little sheets, eafti.
with the underpaid and overworked
editor trying to spin the material
for his paper out of his own tired
brain. There was the dry-ai-diist
and absurd A. F, of L. NeWa Letter with Its stupid and trivial Items
from two weeks to six months
stale, not to mention the petrified
trade Journals, full of cheerless
and uninteresting technical matter
and 'women's pages' giving the
latest dress patterns. All in all, It
was a picture of isolation, stagnation, desolation and hopeleasness,
"Into this chaos came the organising spirit of an idea, the Idea ef
a real labor newa service, the Idea
of The Federated Press. There are
thousands of things going on In the
world, In which labor Is vitally Interested. The news Is all available,
given the organization to get It ahd
distribute lt.
"The Federated Press brought
the organization Into this negectod
field. Under the Influences of this
new lores our press has made
strides forward which are really
remarkable. Our journals have a
new life and vitality. Compare
the journals of today with those of
four years ago, and get a measure
of the progress made. This Is another example of what a few live
progressives can do, if'they set to
work ln a sane, energetic, constructive manner."
The Labor Herald ls the official
organ of the Trade Union Educational league. William Z. Foster
is the editor.
Quebec, Quebec.—J. T. Foster,
former president of the Montreal
Trados and Labor Congress of the
American Federation of Labor,
will represent the Montreal Policemen's union, and Joseph Quintal
the city of Montreal, on a board of
arbitration to adjust wages and
hours. If they cannot agree on a
chairman the provincial minister
of public works and labor will
appoint him.
iers Contracted  the
Amount bf Loans and
i Called in Notes
(By The Federated Press)
'Toronto, Ont, Canada.—W. A,
Matt, writing In the Toronto Sun,
organ of the United Farmera of
Ontario, is exposing the part
played by the Canadian banka In
reducing loans to bring about deflation of prices.   '
In Canada there are only 18
chartered banks with branch
banks all ever Canada. These IS
bfnki form a close corporation under the name of the Canadian
Bankers' Association, which moves
as one In any policy.
The Canadian, banks put out
hank notes againat tbeir paid-up
ipital reserve funds.   In addition
I thla, during the wlntec montha,
can put put IS per cent, addi-
notea to take care ef the
n harvest. - -
The bankers thought It wartime
to deflate, prlcea of agricultural
produce, wagea and other commodities. Consequently, in the fall
of li_l, they seriously contracted
the amount of the loans to the
public and called ln a portion of
tljelr notes. The Dominion government, which also Issues notes to
peaa as money, helped the bankers
by calling in part of their notes.
Farmers going to the banks to re-
niw their loans were told that Ihe
'banks did not have the funds .to
renew and the farmera must pay.
'The farmers were forced to throw
tbelr produce on the market In
order to realize cash to pay their
loans to the banks and to pay their
A table publlihed In the Sun
shows the amount of loans, bank
notes, and Dominion notes called
iii between October, 1920, and
March, 1121, to exceed 1307,000.-
000. So successful were the bankets in this deflation of pricei that
tl|e price of wheat fell from $1.62
eibushel to (6 cental Oats from (I
cfnta tb 37 centa per bushel; bar-
ldy from 83 cents to 47 cents per
Apt, while 200,000 wage workers
ii| Canada are unemployed.
Vienna . (by mall).—Although
Work was resumed ln virtually all
-he Czecho - Slovakian collerles
Fob. 13, the aftermath of the coal
strike ls keenly felt by the labor
movement. The extent of the miners' defeat Is now tragically apparent. Their united front has been
shattered, an.d the impending wage
reductions ore to be settled on a
sectional—not national—basis.
It Is certain that the agreement
concluded will bo rejected by the
miners In many collieries, but It Is
equally sure that this divided re-
Slstanco will provo futile, Tho defeat of tho coal strike pressages a
gigantic . offensive by capital all
along the line.
Who was a delegate from the Seattle Central
Labor Council to the R. T. U. I. at Moscow
Sunday, March 12th
At 3aim.
Chita   Government .Demands That There Be
No Interference
Washington.—Triumph of the
army of the Far Eastern Republic
over the Japanese-supported reactionary forces In the Maritime
Province Is announced tn a cablegram received by the delegation ol
the Republic here. The Chita government hai demanded that there
be no interference by foreign
powers with its succession to the
authority recently held by this dissolved Merkulov "government" ln
"After the occupation of Khabarovsk," says the message, "soldiers of the Far Eastern Republic,
pursuing; the defeated army, advanced 200 versts south In the direction of Vladivostok; and have
occupied Rosengartovk station on
theUssurt railroad. There Is great
panic among the Merkulovttea and
preparations are being made for
forwarding to Japan bf state property. „.■_■
- "There are widely spread and
persistent rumors in the Republic,
emanating from Vladivostok, that
some of the foreign consuls, deceived by the so-called Merkulov
government, requested the Japanese government to furnish the
Merkulov government with large
quantities of arms for the defense
of the city against the approaching
troops of the Republic, The government of the Republic will categorically protest against any such
atempt to interfere ln Its Internal
affairs, and against any attempt to
artificially prolong the civil war."
Arms Conference Work Is Fear  of  Russia   Deter-
Being Undone by       mines Inhuman Policy of
Chinese League of Nations
Appeal to Foreign Powers Will Unite AD
By Laurence Todd
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington.—"Cblna for the
Chinese" le the formula under
which the work of the Hughes-
Balfour-Kato arms conference In
Washington Is being undone by
the South China gevernment at
Canton, through ita preaent negotiations with the Manchu war-lord
Chang-Esao-LIn, at Mukden. The
aame -day's press cables which announced lhat the Peking Oovernment has ceased to /unction, mention the journey of Dr. C. C. Wu,
son and assistant to Foreign Minister Wu Ting Fang of the Canton
governmont, to consult with
Charig-Tsao-LIn at Mukden on the
elimination of General Wu Pel Fu
from tho Chinese situation.
Sonth Chinese spokesmen in
Washington Interpret this aa evidence that Chang opened the negotiations with President Bun Yat
Sen at the south, and that Chang
Ii now ready to recognise Sun as
the constitutional president of
China. Sun is leading his troops
northward to Hankow, white
Chang IB ready to move hli well-
trained army southward from
Mukden to attack tho armies of
Wu Pel Pu from the opposite direction. Wu Pel Fu holds the central region, but has few reliable
troops and fewer supplies. He.Is
expected to appeal to the United
States, Britain, Japan and France
for recognition of the regime
which he will Install ln Pekin. If
he makes this appeal, the patrlotlo
(Continued on page I)
London (by mall).—Thirty
thousand men who came out In the
recent German railway strike have
been victimized, according to a
Dally Herald dispatch from Berlin. The Federation of Labor, says
the dispatch, at a special meeting,
decided to Inform the chancellor
that new action—and a new strike
—may be expected If the cabinet
refuses to renounce this punishment.
"It may be more than a coincidence," comments the Dally Herald, "that before the atrlke the
Stlnnes party was insisting that lt
was necessary to dismiss 30,000
railway men in order to balance
the railway budget. The strike Is
apparently being used as a pretext
for carrying out the demands of
Stlnnes—behind which are the do*
mands of the Entente/*
Miners in District 18 Get
Notice of New Wage
Scale for April 1
Reports from the Crows Nest
Pass and Alberta mining districts
would Indicate that the miners fn
the East are not thc only ones who
are to haveAhetr wages cut.
Reports l!rom Fernie are to the
effect that the coal operators have
posted notices of wage cuts commencing April 1, from 35 to 50 per
cent.; in other words, to rates of
pay ut least as low as those paid
during tho year 1915.
Conferences held between the
men's scale committeo and the employers have failed to bring about
any chango In tho altitude of thu
employors and latest reports arc lo
the effect that the men throughout
District 18 will cease work at thc
end of the month, and not return
until thetr demands are met.
New Tork.—Louis P. Lochner,
European director of The Federated Press, accompanied by his
children, sailed for Bremen Saturday on board tho steamship Hudson of the United States lines, Mr,
Lochner expects to arrive in Berlin March 10th, whero ho will resume the European work of The
Federated Press, establishing news
connections on tho continent.
Mr. Lochnor will bo The Federated Press representative at the
Genoa Economic Congress nuw
scheduled to he held April 10th.
Australian Labor Party
Adopts New Fighting
By W. Francis Ahern
(Federated Press Stan! Correspondent)
Sydney, IS. S. W.—-Drastic amendments to the Australian Defence Act are contained in the program of the Australian Labor
Party which will be the fighting
platform of the party at all future
elections In that country.
The principal amendments demanded are as follows:
Deletion of all clauses relating
to compuliory training an.d service.
Abolition of trial by court-martial
when civil courts are available;
any sentence Imposed by court-
martial to be subject to review by
a civil court. No penalties to be
imposed except In pursuance of explicit enactments by the National
Limitation uf professional
soldiers to necessary Instruction
and administrutlvo and working
staff. Abolition of military oath,
Abolition of distinction between
commissioned and non-commissioned officers. Recognition of the
principle of election of qualified
candidates as officers. The salute
and other useless discipline to be
abolished, No employment of or
inerference by soldiers In industrial disputes. Punishment of parliamentary ministers and others
responsible for a brcuch of this provision. Citizens on completion of
training, to retain arms delivered
to them during training. Defense
acts to require annua] renewal. No
raising of forces for service outside tho Australian continent or
participation or promise of participation in any future war overseas,
except by a decision of the people
per medium of a referendum.
Danco Saturday.
Don't forget the dance on Saturday night in the Pender Hal),
corner of Ponder and Howe Streets,
Good music, a fine floor and every
accommodation. Admission, gents
SOc, ladies 25c.
You may wish to help The Fed-
eratlonhit. You can do so by renewing your subscription promptly and
rending in the subscription of your
friend or neighbor.
Explorer   and   Scholar
Pays Tribute to Soviet
By Felix Morley
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
London (by mail),—An indictment of the Inhumanity of tho
governments of western Europe*
and of the complete subordination
of the League of Natlona to that
inhumanity, was made hero by Dr.~
Fridtjof Nansen, tlie famous Norwegian explorer and scholar who
la now high commissioner of tho
International Red Cross Famine '
Relief Work tn Soviet Russia.
News agencies will already have
cabled to America some accounts ,
of Dr. Nansen's description of conditions In the famine - area, from
wfclch he has just returned. But
they will not have carried the
heart of his speech—the true reasons why the governments of western Europe have made no effort ta
check a disaster which threatens
to destroy yiore lives than did the
war Itself.
Five months ago the writer
travelled on the same train with '.
Dr.'Nansen from' Berlin to Brussels. The high commissioner,' who
waa returning from Moscow after
making his agreement with the
soviet authorities In regard to the
delivery of relief supplies, then estimated that the sum of $60,000,-
000, promptly given, would be adequato to stave off the disaster
threatened by the famine. Only
government action, he told me
then, could raise such a sum with
the speed necessary to make Its .
application efficacious. It was to
obtain these grants in time to aver*
the death by starvation of hundreds of thousands of helpless .
peasants, that Dr. Nansen in Sep- ,
tember visited the capitals of western Europe and finally placed the
situation before the council of the
League of Nations at Geneva, In
every case he was turned down.
The Reasons
The reasons of the various governments-for refusing to extend
assistance, as given by Dr. Nansen,
were as follows: 1. Fear that
such assistance would help to
maintain the soviet system. 2. '
Belief that If help was extended it
would be diverted by the soviet
authorities for their own ends and
would not reach the famine sufferers. ' 3. Contention that the economic state of the various countries was such that no government would be justified In imposing on Its subjects the burden of
extra taxation necessary for adequate relief.
The first of these arguments Dr.
Nansen characterized as "an argu-
(Contlnued on page I)
South Vancouver Auxiliary Holds Concert
and Dance
A little help Is worth a lot of
sympathy, and the members of the
Women's Auxiliary of the South
Vancouver Protective Association
demonstrated that they realize the
truth ln this statement hy holding
Hard Times Concert and Dance
last Saturday for tho beneAt of the
The concert started promptly at
eight o-ciock, and dancing was indulged In from 9 to 12.
The feature.of the evening wns
the parado of those in costume,
nnd lots of fun was occasioned by
this part of the programme.
In addition to muking arrangements for the concert and dance
(he women workers did not neglect the Inner man, and refreshments were on hand In abundance.
So well did those present enjoy
themselves thut it was suggested
by many that similar functions
should bc held every month, but as
the winter draws near to a close,
it Is expected that olher forms of
entertainment will be sought.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
To Aid in Equipping tlio Flrat   Group   ot   Workere   I_N_vliif
llrlil.li Columbia for Soviet 1tii__ia
CLINTON HALL, 2605 Pender Street East
Corner Clinton Street ,
SATURDAY, MARCH llth, 8 p.m.
IjhIU-ii with basketa free
.ii.!,, i. ****-****4***************+.***»**.**-,'.". lh. .I ii-. ii 11,, ^Hgetwo
 March le, 1921
■■   f •<- ■:.:;.--■■:*
Published every Friday morning hr The B. C.
Federationist, Limited
A. B, WBLLS - ._ Mannger
Boom 1, Victoria Block, 312 Fender St. W.
Telephone Seymour 5871
■ Subscrtptlon Bates: United States and Foreign, 13.00
per year: Canada, .2.50 per year, I1..0 for Biz
months; te Unions subscribing in a body, 16c per
member per month.
Cnltf ot lobor:  Tlie Hopo of the World
FRIDAY March   10,  1922
Organization the Need of
the Hour
PERIODS of depression always liavo their
reflex action on the numerical strength of
tho'industrial organizations. The payment of
dues becomes a burdeh, and instead of the
organizations being prepared to tight against
thc encroachments of the employers when the
conditions are most favorable to wage reducing tactics, the working class organizations
are the weakest and unable to put up that
resistance which is so vital to the interests of
thc workers.
« » *
Tom Moore, president of the Trades ind
Labor Congress of Canada, when asked by
thc premier recently as to the numerical
strength of the organization he represented,
stated "In normal times it represented a membership of 220,000, but that at the present, the
paid-up membership is about 176,000." To
sny the least, s considerable reduction.
* •        »
The employers are never lacking in initia--
tive whenever the opportunity of reducing
wages arises. But the workers' organizations
do not adapt themselves to tke conditions as
quickly as they should. High initiation, fees,
at a time when there are many workers unemployed, is not conducive to the building np
of the industrial organizations. High dues are
alsos a detriment. Tkey pave the way to the
depletion of the ranks of the organized workers in years of depression, and also retard the
building up of the numerical strength of the
* •    .    •
The present wage slashing campaign can
only be met by organized effort on the part
of the workers. The members of the unions
are vitally affected. Their position is weakened by the disorganization of the. workers,
and every measure should be taken to remove
any obstacle to the building up of the industrial organisations of the workera.
, ' * * •
A press dispatch from Victoria gives an indication of what csn be dono by real organization. The Civic Employees of Victoria have
had their wages reduced. The teachers of that
city have, however, been able to resist any ont
in- their salaries. Why. Let the press despatoh tell its own story. After dealing with
the reduction of the wages of the outside and
other employees, whose wages are cut ten per
cent., it says:
"So far no headway has been made in
the way of reducing teachers' salaries, because of the opposition from the Teaohers'
The Lumber Workers' Industrial Union of
Canada, at the annual convention recently
held, decided to reinstate all its delinquent
members on the payment of a nominal sum to
cover reinstatement, and the first month's
dues. This action has resulted in a great number of old members again becoming factors in
the organization. If the Lumber Workers can
make progress by this means, why not other
onions f It is not dues the organizations were
formed for, but the well-being of tho members. The rank and file of the unions in this
part of the-country might well at this time
take this, matter under consideration. High
dnes and low wages may appear good to the
officials, but low dues and resistance to
the wage cutting tactics of the employers will
materially benefit the rank and file.
Economic Conditions, Birth Rates
and Psychology
BRITISH and European statesmen and
other beneficiaries of the present system
of society are very much concerned about the
declining birth rate. Not, however, because of
its effect on the welfare of the general publie
weal, or even the future of the human raee,
but because with a low birth rate, there is a
decreasing amount of the most productive
slaves, as the following passage from a press
clipping will show:
"The British birth rate began to fall in
1877, and has been falling ever since. In
1881 thero were in Britain, per million of
population, 135,551 ohildren undor five
years, but by 1911 this figure had fallen
to 106,857. And accompanying this decrease in the number of children were increases in the proportion of persons of all
other ages. The first effect was advantageous, in that it increased the number of
persons living at the economically efficient
ages of 20 to 25 and 25 to 30, but this advantageous position was lost by 1911,
when the age number had advanced from
30 to 35."
• » •
While the birth rate has been declining, the
scientists have learned many things, For instance, in the United States, the psychological
experts have discovered that the present methods of indiscriminate employment of men is
wrong and wasteful. They claim, that by putting men to those jobs which they are most
suited for, iheir productivity would be increased. To the end that psychology may bo
applied to every day business life a society
has bcen formed in New York. The promoters
of this organization sayi
"Psychology has evolved methods for
soliciting and putting individuals where
they will bc most useful and most happy,
and on thc economic Bide, they say, it is
not unreasonable to assume that the production of'natioiial wealth would bc doubled-.tf everyone were allowed to do the
work he can do best and were trained to
do if in the beat way. That would be a
gain of $70,000,000,-000 • year to the United States."
■ * * *
Psychology is the science which deals with
mental phenomena. Mental phenomena, like
a declining birth rate can be influenced by
economic and material conditions. There is
no doubt that the economic conditions have
much to do with birth rates. They fall or
rise as the economic conditions dictate. At
the .same time the mental phenomena of the
workers is changed by changing economic conditions. Their misery and sufferings make
them think differently to what they did five
years ago, In fact, they have ideas of putting the capitalists to work and taking over
the means of wealth production themselves.
They even imagine that they could make a
botter job of controlling the wealth-producing
machinery, including their life forces, than
their" masters ever did. While the workers
may 'not be scientists, they may reach that
stage whero they imagine that no man should
cat unless he works and performs some useful'
servico to socioty. When they reach that
stage, they too may study psychology, and
place thcir one-time masters at what they are
most fitted for, bnt they will certainly have a
job on their hands to find what they can do the
best, for they never performed any useful aervice in their lives.
Cascaden Gives Capitalist Sheet
Some Comfort
DURING the week our attention was called
to an iasne of the Toronto Saturday
Night, a publication isssued in thc good city,
which caters tp ruling clasa prejudices and all
thst those prejudices imply. The front page
attracted our attention, beeause of a photo
which appeared thereon, and the photo was
one ofthe newly elected Pope. This photo appeared in the centre columns of the page, and
about two inches above .it we noticed the word
"Red." The new Pope' was, prior to his election, a Cardinal, and we thought that the
word "red" might have something to do with
his cardinal robes, but we read on and found
that tho Toronto Saturday Night had come to
a realization of the faet that there is a "Bed"
movement in Canada.
. ts   "     «
As we continued reading, we were agreeably surprised to find that The Federationist
came in for some criticism. Naturally this
was not unpleasant to our taste, for condemnation from any'capitalistic sheet is, from a
working class viewpoint, praise.. Later in the
front page article referred to, we found that
the Lumber Workers' Industrial Union nf
Canada came in for some criticism because
that organization had decided to affiliate with
the Red International'of Trade Unions. This
giving-further assurance that the Lnmber
Workers had taken the right step.
* *        *
The article, however, did not confine itself
to criticism. It had a measure of praise for
certain individuals. It commented on the appointment of Gordon Cascaden to attend the
Mos eo w gathering of the Red International,
and the fact that Carl Berg, of Edmonton,
was responsible for the appointment. The article in question dealing with Cascaden's representation of the Lumber Workers reads as
"It will be news to many readers that
Canada had a representative at Moscow,
but it is comforting to know that Cascaden, whoever he is, showed some gleams •
of intelligence. He is accused of having
voted against snch "fundamental" principles aa the "Dictatorship of the Proletariat," "recognition of the principles of
the class struggle," and "united action
with all revolutionary organisations of a
given country for the purpose of offensive
and defensive struggle with . the bourgeoise."
• *        »
Now, Cascaden's criticism of the Bed International and his views are appearing in print,
but the value of his views and observations
can be judged by our readers when it is recognized that the Toronto Saturday Night finds
comfort in them. We understand that to give
comfort and aid to tho enemy is treason—our
readers can judge for themselves just what
Berg and "his delegate" are to the working
class movement. The Federatlonist feels proud
to know that it is not classed in the same
category' as the individual judged by a capitalistic sheet to be intelligent. We are at least
patriotic to the worker, even though we at
times may blunder. At least our intentions
are good, and we refuse to give aid and comfort even to the least of the capitalistic apologetic sheets.
A new government is in power. A new Par-
liament has assembled. But there is little
chance of anything but ruling-class decrees
being enacted by the new legislators. They
may be new, but their methods will conform to
those who dictate the policies of ruling-class
Those who imagine that economic revolutions can be brought about quickly and almost
spontaneously may learn from the experiences
of Soviet Russia, that the organization of the
workers is not only essential while capitalism
lasts, bnt that the workers' industrial organizations will be necessary during the period of
transition from one economic form to another,
after the political revolntion has been accomplished, and that economic structures are not
built in a day.
Sam Gompers has found the key to the present major immediate troubles. He says that
they are economic, and then says that the root
of the trouble is in the fact that factory wheels
are idle, that human beings are in need. Being
a labor leader, Sam should know. - He should
understand economic conditions, and while we
hate to take issue with "tbe grand old fossil"
of tho American labor movement, we rise to
suggest that men are idle because of the present economic conditions, whieh are a direct
outcome of the present system .of production,
and that instead of the idle machinery and
human beings in want being the cause of the
immediate problems, the wheels of production
are at a standstill because they cannot bo
operated profitably and therefore human want
and misery result. Try again, Sam; you may
yet see the only issue before the workers.
The German Government
and the Trusts
  I.. 11.11.11
By Paul Froeltch (Berlin)
'••The Lord wllle   It   bo!     The.
German Oovernment cries it, th»
Social Democrats and the Centre,
Party repeat it, and the Independent Socialists echo It—the Lord
wills u so. And the Lord in thla
case is the Right Honourable
David Lloyd Qeorge. He wills it
and lo! it Is done. . Within the
limits of human strength and endurance, of course, yet with a
humble and hopeful njlnd withal.
Everything the Lord could possibly take exception to is being
carefully avoided, for great Is the
'ear of sinning. So great, In fact,
that Herr Wirth, Chancellor of the
Oerman "Bepublic," so-called, felt
himself moved to proteet that "wc
shall not go to Genoa with a dagger tucked away la ear sleeves."
This lamb assures the world at
large that he le no roaring and
bloodthirsty Uon, far from Itl And
nobody doubts It, for the poor soul
has not even draped about bim a
lion's ekln.
And yet there would have been
waya and meana If the power with
which to do so and which was at
Its disposal waa not its own,
There is strength even in Oer-
many'a desperate situation. Not
only because its clearance sale endangers the vital nerves of the
great Industrial powers, bnt also
because It can have a natural ally
for the mere asking.
How best to exploit two victims
ls the subject of the forthcoming
discussions of the capitalist hue-
caneere at Genoa. If GermAny
alone were the pivot of the ttellb-
crations, the great, powers would
agree among themselves ae they
did In London, in Cannes and le
Versailles when Germany was
merely admitted to sign its Own
sentence. But Russia 1a after all a
power with which It Is necessary
to negotiate -en the price It le to
pay for a few years' quiet and
sustenance.' With the confllcte
among the Allies being what they
nre, Germany could undoubtedly
cut a figure at Genoa lf—ft would
unite itself politically with Russia.
Instead of adopting this course,
however, Germany Is to continue
in the role of lackey and parWh.
which Ib, after all, hut what the
petty bourgeois In Power (Social
Democrats and Centre "Party}
deserve, -f-
The- impotence of the German
Government in foreign politics is
tho result of Its weakness *lthln
Its own frontiers, a v.eakneftrtha_
is reacting very dangerously upon,
domestic politics.   The great'bour-
ilsle to busily and stubbornly
exploiting this state of affaire for
its own'ends, attacking not'■Merely
the government, but the etatt
Itself. ■:■■'
The utter eolapse of Germany's
economic system has, apart _r_m
agriculture, which, though It is
earning usurers- profits]-baa not
strengthened lta position from the
viewpoint of political eeonom>,
only benefited the trust Industries
(ooal, Iron, chemicals and electricity) whose mushroom-like growth
overshadows the sorry ruins. Their
powerful position on the economic
field will make Itself felt in politics, at least as long as the other
social factor of power, the working-class,  remains crippled.
The overlords of the trusts, the
Stlnnes, Thyssen, Bathenau,
Deutsch, etc, ark more determinedly than ever professing that
"l'etat o'est moi!" This coulee to
contrary to the interests of the
state. Trust capital la autocratic
and a bitter antagonist of Democracy. But for historical reasons
and for fear of the revolution at
least a semblance of democracy
must be retained. Hence trust
capital alma at the destruction of
the state, limiting Ita. functions
and undermining its power.
Both its personal interests and
thoae- of its class are the driving
force behind trust capital whose
onwasd inarch towards power wae
facilitated considerably by tbe
nearly Interrupted traditions
handed /down from-the. timee of
the laat of the Hohenzollerne, and
the confusion and weakness ot a
republican government The campaign was launched by withhold
ing taxes from the government
which feat was achieved'by fraud
aqd sabotage. The National Emergency Levy, so widely heralded as
a means by which the trusts would
be deprived of tt per cent of their
accumulated capital, remained
phantom. Even the duties on income and capital for 1819, remain
unpaid today. The financial statue
of the federal government, the
various atates and the "communities Is nearing a catastrophe.
In lta embarrassment tbe government appealed for help to "Bis
Business." And this Shylock asked
as ita pound of flesh a part et the
state, the railroads. The Social
Democrats, as Is their habit, cried
"Never!" and-rdeclared their wlll-
ingnese for a coalition witk Shy-
lock's party, the German People's
Party. Tbe ministers, too, cried
"Never!" and—entered upoa negotiations with the captains of Industry.
The result? IM railroads are
still under state control It Is tr**,
bet It to equally true that trait
capital with Its battering rams has
torn a gap In the economle fortifications of the state. These- fortifications comprise anions ether
tilings the great number of municipal work* (electricity, Oaa.
water, etc, ete.), Even previous
to the war trust oapital paralleled
these municipal works with gtetn-
tie enterprises of Its own. Today
had finances and political weakness compel many communities te
surrender tflttr economic possessions to private ownership. Berlin, for Instance, Is, for want of
capital, selling ita coal mines for
song; The Social Democratic
President of the Prussian Diet and
Burgomaster of Hannover disposed of the jetties, piers, cranes,
etc., ot that city for a sum far below their real value. By getting
rid of their last belongings the
communities hope to avoid bankruptcy and become beggars, while
the trusts cheaply secure both
econoomlo and poUtlcal power.
It Is becoming apparent thtt the
endeavors to get possession of the
Jetties, etc, of Hannover wae but
the forerunner of an organlied attempt on the part of the coal and
iroa industry to gala control ot th*
^German waterways, which scheme
is secretly supported by the Prussian government. While thto government denied to tho members of
the Diet all knowledge on the matter, lt negotiated with tbe Industry on the sale ot the harbor facilities of Dubsburg-Ruhrort, the
greatest inland port in the world
and the centre of the German
waterways. He who controls this
port, controls the river and canal
system of .the Elbe, the Rhine and
the Danube, Its passing Into private, ownership has already atl
footed the state-owned railways.
In the course ot the negotiations,
now carried on quite openly, between the Prussian government
and trust capital, the captain of
Industry Kloeckncr chided the
government representatives and
mockingly advised them to get accustomed ts the thought "that before long government ownership
will have been abolished everywhere." That suffices to indicate
the- course they are steering.
The compromise regarding taxes
arrived at between the parties ln
Power and the German People's
Party, representing trust capital,
appears to be a contradiction of
that party's policy. Under this
agreement the capitalists are to
subscribe towards a compulsory
loan on which no Interest to to be
paid for tbe next three years. A
searching inquiry reveals, how
ever, that this compromise constitutes but added proof of the
correctness of our argument. For
tbat compulsory loan relieves the
capitalists ot the obligation to pay
up the taxes on the National
Emergency Levy not called-in; lt
also exempts them from the duty
to pay the large arrears of taxes
on accumulated capital. It cannot
be stated definitely whloh of the
two. alternatives to mor* favorable
to- the capitalists from a purely
financial point of view. Nor Is It
to be expected that the compulsory
loan will be realised before the
end of thie year, when the political
situation In Germany might not be
what it ls now. Whether the compulsory loan wilt be still on the
books at that time, Is a very great
question indeed. The third and
decisive point ln favor of our argument Is the fact that In reaching the compromise on taxes the
government and with It the Social
Democrats have unconditionally
surrendered to the representatives
of Industry, who, content with
what tbey have, demand both personal and financial guarantees,
They claim the more important
minlsterles and already today present the future minister of finance
they futhermore demand that the
railroads be surrendered tb the
control of the Stlnnes group, that
it.: eight-hour day be abolished,
and anti-strike laws be passed,
etc, etc.
And the meaning"of all this?
Limitation of the authority of the
etate, return to the theories ot
Manchester Liberalism, the principle that the etate ahould not concern itself with things economic
and should have no voice ln commerce and Industry. It Is even
worse thaa what Lassalle termed
the "Idea ef a state ot night
watchmen." The trust magnates
are little by littl* relieving the
state of the duty of protecting
their property, having already Instituted ln their factories an elaborate police and spy system et
their own.
And why not? They have power
toe apply what they term "Justice"
notwithstanding all the beautifully
Phrased clauses In th* Factory
Councils Act
The capitalists are In every .respect emancipating themselves
from the guardianship of the
state; they take over most of Its
functions and are the moat powerful factor ln tho camouflaged ruin
that remains.
The ultimate aim of all these
activities to tbe Intensification ot
exploitation. The other half Of
the compromise on taxes waa the
capitalists' permission to legislate
a fresh series ef gigantic taxes under which half of the proletariat's
meagre earnings will admittedly
go to make up the budget Meanwhile the financial status ef ths
government haa not Improved,
there atlll being a. gigantic deficit
In the state budget, not to speak
of the reparations burden, The
floating debt ot the state continues to lncreaae, a process accelerated by the activities ot the paper
money-printing press, and the
prices for foodstuffs ore still searing, while any resistance offered
by the worken to this hunger policy Is to be brutally suppressed.
Thus Gorman trust capital hopes
to gain a new position of power In
the world. •       ,   -»
The responsibility for tbls state
of affairs must be attributed to the
petty-bourgeois     cowardice     and
weakneas of both Socialist parties
who, having cleared the path for
Stlnnes and Co., are still working
on their behalf by sabotaging
every great wage dispute of tbe
workers. It is the fate of the German . proletariat that German
labor has a petty-bourgeois, leadership.
But in spite of this, however,
the capitalists, Social Democrats
and Independent Socialists alike
ara reckoning without their host-
German labor, which though it appears today as a weak victim, Is,
nevertheless, the most powerful
factor.ln Germany's social life.
The policy aimed at by the Stlnnes
group will compel the German
workers-to assert themselves and
to fight desperately for Germany's
bare existence. And in this struggle German labor will become conscious of its power, a knowledge
that will lead to victory.
Nansen Indicts the   _
Governments of Europe
(Continued from page. 1)
ment savage tn lte Inhumanity." A*
for the aecond, he had obtained
adequate guarantees from Moscow
before he asked fer ft cent of.
money for relief purposes, and
"from the very flrst moment the
soviet authorities have done everything In their power to assist my
work. Not a seal on a single package ot food has been broken In
transit." In the one case of
small consignment ot food which
waa lost full payment wa - -voluntarily made by the Ruaslan government ln English money. The
answer* to the argument that
domestic need made it impossible
to help Russia, is, Dr. Nansen said.
that that very need "makea It Impossible not to help: Russia." He
pionted out that the total sum
needed to savo millions of
Russians from starvation to approximately equal to the cost of ft
single modern battelship.
Fays Tribute
High tribute waa paid by Dr.
Nansen to the varloua reliof agencies, particularly to the soviet government which, he said, "has done
all that any one-government could
do to meet the disaster." Pointing
out that the famine will continue
for months to come because the
peasants have been forced to eat
their seedwheat, he said that the
Soviets have succeeded "miraculously, in my opinion," in getting
the winter sowing en the Volga
carried through.
The area affected by the famine
le somewhat greater than that of
all France. It had. a population of
about 33,000,000 of whom lt la estimated that about one million have
already died from starvation and
induced diseases, while .19,000,000
more are threatened with death
.during the next few montha. In
more than four years of scientifically organised destruction less
than ten million lives were lost altogether as a result of th* world
"By herole efforts now," aald
Dr. Nansen, some ten million of
those threatened Uvea might be
saved. For the rest It Is already
too late. All the horses are dying
and there Is no means of reaching
the desolate districts. The Volga
provinces, once the granary of
Europe, are being turned to raet
stretohes ot lifeless desert."
'After a profound Investigation,", said the high commissioner,
"I know that lt la absolutely wrong
io attribute the disaster to Bolshevism. The calamity is due to the
civil wars which have prevented
Russia recovering from the world
war; to the seven, years' blockade;
to a small extent to the requisition
system of the soviet authorities
which, however, wa* abandoned
before the present famine came in
sight; and—eo much the most important that ail the rest might be
eliminated—to the drought of 1M1,
the worst in history, one whloh
would have shaken the strongest
state to lta foundations,"
Bela Kun Cleared
of Cowardice Charges
(Continued from Page I)
rades preferring the charges
should be decisively disciplined
and informed that suoh accusations merely oause rejoicing among
our enemies and severely damage
the International working class."
A resolution accepting the committee's report and expressing
sympathy with Bela Kun waa
adopted with one vote Ul opposition.
Kularev, for the Bulgarian Communist party, Indorsed the unity
policy of the Communist international, but declared the collapse ef
the Bulgarian Reformist Sooialist
Democratic party, after the general strike of inly, had made the
Communists- the supreme worker
party of Bulgaria, and unity was
hardly an Issue any. more. Nevertheless the Bulgarian Communists,
I Want You to See Our line
of Men's Pants
Prices Are Marked Down as Much as $3.00
PerPalr '
Pants  thftt  were  H.O., Work Shoes ar* reduced  la
■    now „  M.0O       the earn* proportion.
Pant* that   were   IT.S0,           Men-rLogglng Shoei, caulked,
now   —.Ai.ta       nt, pair  ,„..»l>jt
M.00,           Men's Working Shirts, In
 ti.aa       military Grey, at »1.M
Men'e Navy Brill Shlrta..«l.M
Men's Heavy "Blook Shirts)
coat shape -..-..,.  fa.ee
Men'* Overalls, kt blaek,
that were blu* and khaki, with
 —UM       and without bibb, from *i.M
Pants that- war*
now „	
Underwear tha* we sold
for 15.00 per suit, now..W.e»
fine Shoe* Hint were ff0
per pair, now _....<?.(•
Fine "'Shoe*
00.10, now
W. B. Brummitt
18 aad 20 Cordova Stroet West
and 444 Main Street
Furniture Store
We want you to come to
"this store with confidence
that you can buy Furniture, Carpots and Linoleum" at lower- prlcea and
better terms.
Mo   Greater  Opportunity
for   the   Working   Men
416 Main Street
Phone Sey.' 12-7
lomnoir nm fedeba-
nono sad get yoar ie
■et cs
We make Ladiei' (fermenti
Rifkt Here la Vanconver
—tlie equal in style ud smartness of nny offered In Canada.
Suits, Drtsitt, fleets, ete.—tbt
■attn styles—(lit tmtrttit atMs-Ja
tO tkt aew stadu—complete hate
for year elttttaf.
Wt.tfftr theso gKsuats lower tkas
tlsewhort btcBBft wt dtBl dlrtet—
tll<t_uta til tbt middlemen'! ptoBtt.
Oloak * Suit Oo.
taa magmas at., meu atmnat
Kularev said, were willing to pursue the unity policy for the soke
of world revolution.
Thomann for tbe Austrians
warned agalnat. any limitation of
the field of action of the Communist parties. He deolared thftt the
Austrian Social Democrats were
again resorting to revolutionary
phrases and increasing their Influence among the workers In thia
way. This handicapped the Communists in Austria and tha neighboring countriea, he said.
What-  about    your    neighbor's
Patronise Federatlonltt advertisers and tell them why you do to.
International Looal SM i_
holding iti meeting, on
Tuesday every week at 8
pjn., 319 Pender St. W.
Bln( up rhoae Seymour *M4
fot appointment
Suite 301 Dominion BnUdlng
VAN0GDV8R, ft   ...
Cigar Store
Kindling Free
O. J. Mengel
Writes all classes ot Insurance. Representing only first-
class Board, companies. "Inaurance ia wanted, write-or
Phond Bey. HII.
Office address, tit Heeta of,
Trade Bldg, Vanconver, B.O.
The Psychology
of Marxian
(By R. Rahim)
A work that all students
ahould read. Can be obtained
from the
B, O. Federationlit, Ltd.
Price see Per Copy, Poet Paid
Mil Mi-fa Uriel
, ll S.B-. St* 1_. _.__
toBMUMiy   ftUoftaa
""—  ett, te.ilii.nl_l
-nils* nta*
lea-ay nrtlM, ll s.m. at* Ho ,,t_
 Mbareiauly    hlto-lo*
PJB.   FrtB
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| We have grown by 1
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V. 3. wntm     j
Oor. Butl-u >__ Ricki-de       .
thtt,:   ley. to.; But. suit
We have the best equipped
sanitarium and the Miy en*
ot ft* Kind west Of New Tdrk
City, tt you want the —it
sclenting' service see us.
In that dark kour when irmpa-
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mueh—call up
Phone tttirmont it
Prompt Ambulance Bert—a
ll   'I    l______b__._l.il       n ____M^y|
I   " i	
"A Oood Placo to Bat" '
Til IIH'     III
h#_k>v**j____m* Altt tMik**i
Bol-llolu M Mtpitiw rrtiMas tte
neatly il-iyl ssaii la iiftWo of
necessity,    imnrovements ate espetl-
B.-I-4 wiili wssHWir te ttti m.
iii tl tnvio* ibm kt at su
ill vory bill,    ft li sol (tit
'   ' _t n.lstthu* MM
a stl-dori Ssy .._.-    _.
that tbe sttndtrd may coutiant te bt
ii elUe ie pmtoilim ii It li It—my
p-oslblt te MNV Hi rteOmt ef
■PCed, BBcdftty ind trstiimlsstoR aft
aIMH>_ __tWt i«l-p_-_i ettetUtte,
•Ml lbt great tstt tretlee mntmlem
ts—tua ooMDiiiA ——mwaa
M oostr__p i   .       .    r
WittW *oo ask _-o_t
and Non-alcohol-} wlaes ef *»
Yoa may wish to heir The Fedorationist. Yoa can do so by renew
tiitt ywo suHttertpHOss ptoMpQy At—
sending in tho subscription of yet*
friend or neighbor.
"A rratr-Bblt book _y * mfltrkiblt -_tB.*'-*i_ frulilnha.
Analysed tnd Contracted from tbe Minim
J*W_-_*> Ptl_«__f Vie*- By Bitkoi
Wllltam Montgomery Brown, D.D. Its Boll
Beeotnmendttiona: Btaiib tbe Gods from tbt
MWe Md C_plt«IIrtt from tbt Berth
Bike tbt World sift for Indastriil Cesf
nanism.,, • Published, Oetober, 193*,
■iveBtr-Mftb Tkonsin* ■__* reidy. Pp. 914.
Cloth Edition, »* Lente, $,,__. &_, whoto ,^0^ ■__ aoM
coplee la a Christmaa gift to the sufferers by famine In Russia.
Every copy sold means a whole do_l_-- to thnn and much education to (he buyer.
It ^.-i^t^^nl t .Sf ^.n""*' * *'" ** «l
tow.-'-5!_,t_. * i""lithi *>* » ~_ IW irttW HOI, in til. tu- lAt March 1». UU
iw the
tf yon aren't am abont dentil Kim
—phone ma--then yon will be aimed
of highest grade dentistry at tbe lowest possible cost.
What about the two Ul questions whloh all
you who need dental wo* mnst answer?
WHAT will it cost,—and—will the work
Aa to either,. I can offer yeu an absolute certainty ot satisfaction, ~-
I can otter you prlcee that are honestly and
fairly based on the lowest possible cost of
doing; a work—of which you, as well aa myself—will be proud. Every dental dollar you
spend with me ls an Investment ln dentistry
at the greatest possible advantage to . our
health and appearance.   It Is an investment
in a skill of workmanship—In a quality it
materia used—of a durability and satisfaction far beyond the commonplace.
Phone Me—Sey. 3S_l—for Appointments
and Quotations.
Dr. Brett Anderson
The Expression Dentist
602 Hastings Street W., Oor. Seymonr
Offlce Open Tueaday and Friday Kvenlags
(r\l BRETT AHD-R90N, ftnaerly number tt tkt Fieelty tf tkt
I) College el De.tl.try. University ef leathers CiHtornii, Leetarer
*~^ an Crown Bid Bridfeererk, Desienetrater in Pltttwerk aad Open-
tin Deattsuy, teoal ead Ossein laaestheei-.
lYanconTcr Uniona
• n*__DM
d   Maata,
...    PreeldeBt, J. ».
IR H_K.eU.d_. P 0
Si—-—- tSS-S
la   Ike
_ le; uo*
_U»UiW-tl tea
krltkliytn tr Burnt -lor
ete, tt aaeMe r*—
—-' Paha, UWr
i    e.
ma aa-aoai- Ul-Tor ss
ItVHW   me*   BieMa   Ittte*   ta*
JT Wednesdays tl tttk meeta. It 11
81 W, st I pas.  lu. rerakase,
''hAiiwo***-* vb- t- Vmt
Ib. v.—Free-teat, H. Oread i mm-
10. 0. HUH.   Meets tal aaijeth
la-utb aioBtk la Fender Bill,
~   "      aad  Hove    8tree«.
Beyew HI
rmtiumal LUNoeaoiiimri
lelBllea, Loeol 00-U—OBee as*
in Carina Wt. W. hu.u tat
ilrd riMey* I ml _»«-U_t-
iw, T. Msee; etilsess wtl, r.
■~m_m .SDPaTttlAL
Of    OIHJJM—An    Indaf
ed all wetkert ia .__
, ___ etBetnetiea etmat. Cesil _H»-
1 aad Oestral tbteturtirt, 11 Dee*
III. W, VtatMter.il. 0. Pho_e ley.
II. — dime, itttnl s-omary-
|.re>g legal edvUon, Xeeela. BIM,
le-tld tsXi, Vtattanr. B. qj iaaf
"lln.-.. (attar A OUtat, Vaaeee-
. 0.
Bt-1— OBAtABZ-'' m$H "df
C—fenaerlr riremen etid_Olleit'
Bt IM Meta   Street.    tr.ild.nl,
I Wetneeter of eaek
railiiae; viee-preeM-nt, B. Morten ;
Itry-Ueee-rer, W. DeBtldee*. Ad-
, 101 ttila Street, Ttneoarer, B. 0.
lorli Breach Acent'e eddress, W.
10*1 _____ BI., Vleterii, B. 0.
msm or PAiir-eae, Woo
it tad Paper-a-pro el Amerlea,
IN, Vaattteer -Heels lad aa*
liere tl Ml Cordon It, W,
.MM.  BsB-ueo-tfeat, B. A.
.._n» tad 	
'ktat leymoer ill.	
.  ima looal. hi. %
Inter. meeU every list iti
 J tt tit Leber Toakle, Royal
mt aa* Ttk Street. Infineon eon-
I. Addreee Beerelery. fO-J |_esfi.
F Street.   Mew   Weetml-tier,   5.   0.
-.-.eee. Pioneer million, Kt. 101
     ^utu^otoo sh_u
-•tk ATeau.ltsti Iretsuer.
fiend: Ininelil-ieeretiry end 
tftnl, W. H. CettreU. 4101 Bam.
Street; oSce terser frier ltd Kala
Pkone Filr IMtt,
BNlfMIB  (UlLOBl1   tfHoN   0*
lerlca, Loeal Mo. ne—Ueotlnfo held
'■ Temphtta. P. 0. Bo. 101.
lAb   UBIOll   No.
_.    H. yteaf
B. H. Beelta-t.
_     "
lut Bui
-oth 41
B.    H.    Oonght    teeret-ry-
 -ia-t. Btill.
Dane* Saturday.
bon't forget the dance on Sat-
i night in   thl   Pender  Hall,
ner of Fender and Howe Streets.
'. music, a. line floor and every
Ifmmodatlon. Admission, gent*
ladle! tie.
i, rvauaans. raaai
me how_b nmn
l OBclele, write ter prleet.
Provincial Unloni
yaatm- a.a._
eat  Uktt.CetaeU— Meett  leu  tad
Sou. BtraSsVreet, tl • tm. rem*
lent, 0. Krnu: «e*p_e_M_aL B. »
Holt!   teentary-Ceienler,  B.  B.  Woe*.
*uj t. o. b«i m~iri.u_i_. jj. c.
Oeseell, 0. B. D. Breneke*: Meet
Bupert MiWiM rteherltt Boer*, O.B.U.;
HetelliferoBi MI_M»' Dlettiet Botrd,
OA.TJ, 8ee-ee_y-tRte-_er, P. 0. Bel
41?. Prltet Bnp-rl.	
Civil  Uberties  Union
Would Fre« Alien Political Prisoners
Washlngten.—An appeal te the
Department et Labor t* allow
alien political prisoners, released
from Federal prisons, to be at liberty on ball pending their deportation was made by Roger N. Baldwin, director of the American Civil
Llbertle* union, in a letter to B. J.
Henning, assistant secretary of
IMil ha* generally beea allowed
Where political-- sentences have
expired, but It haa beea refused
recently In ease* where eentence
Wa* commuted. Th* eaa* over
which the issue has been drawn la
that of James Mulrooney, an Australian convicted in the I. W.. W.
cases at Sacramento, In till.. Mul-
roonoy'a tern In Leavenworth expired Feb, It, tut the department
ha* lodged him in lait ln Kansas
City, refusing to accept ball, although It admits that a leng time
muat elapee before he ola be deported.
The Civil Liberties union asks
that 111 prlsonets who ar* to be
deported be given a chance to close
up their' private affairs before sailing, and that it the department
fears that they will abuse thla privilege before sailing It should put
conditions In the ball bond, but
should not deny them thlt liberty
en mere presumption of bad faith.
Madison, Wis.—Governor Blaine
of Wisconsin issued a proclamation
setting aalde the week ot March 6
to it a* 'a' period of collection 'Of
food, medicine and clothing for relief ot dlatresa In Russia. The proclamation waa issued through the
American Committee for Kusslati
Patronize Fed Aflvertlset*. -
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modem
r (maty ftan wt Ian Itettd Mia Valta Itaap fn uts taltr tm
tm -IM* -MVMIi
rtwtM •WMHte B_r|i(n_e|
tabids Btth Mflktt tad ttektets
Dtspilee Settled by ArkltnUoa
Itttdr BmpUymeal end IktllH Woikaaaiall
PMBM IMt-rmee le Deelert ltd PtkUt
neet tad leeeest It Werltrt ta* Bmployen
Bittpntty if Ikte MaUai OosuaBaniet
Aa leytl aalta mea aad wemea. wt i—
ni *t. tttuat tarn, tttrlag lit altn
Valta Itamp aa tele, Inielo er IJbJbi.
C-lUs Levely, tJehtnt r_esl*ttl    tnnrUe - Mtat,, Otatril lee Tress.
■' fc3-_-_--M____--_r_--. ■__-_p-_-^-_----__-„_-__,,
Freih OM flowers, Metal Deetfas, Weddiaf Boaqnet_, Pot Plaat*
O-nuaenW UK nada t_**_, Seels, 8_I__, fterlrtl' tundrtei
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
« Baitlnsi Street EiM 72IOr__tTi_leSti.il
Sei_-M«*IM7» teytSMItwU
The 1 M.T. 1 Loggers' Boot
■fli orders ptmaany BNM4M te
Guaranteed to Hold Oaulke aad Ar* Tboroaghly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS * BON
Neit Boor te Lot**** MIR
Phone Seymonr Ml Repairs Done While Toa Wall
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
'     •** ^..
Some time age a e»w of a_en
were aent up to this camp, hut upon arrival there lt was found Impossible to log, ' owing to the
amount of snow oa the ground,
About a week ago the men in
camp held a mtetlns and discussed
the question ua to whether they
would pay the company for their
board while waiting for the camp
to start operations. It waa decided at the meetin,. thnt the company either make no charge for
board, or else five the men a free
pass back to town. A letter was
drawn up to this effect, signed bjr
49 men anj hanjea to ths company's representative. No definite
answer waa given to the men until
the arrival ot the company manager; Barnard, "from town. It waa
a pass baek te town, . Including
meals and berth oft tke boat
A small ateam ttitf waa uaed le
transport the men from eamp to
Churchhouae, but as the tug eanld
net oarry them all at once two
trip*- were made, II mea g*ing
down on the first trip. On th*
second trip only four men showed
up, the other twenty men who bad
signed th* letter te the company
had evidently decided to take
whatever the company wanted to
kaad them and therefor* stayed
Oa the job.
When the Cheakauws cam* Into
Churohhouse J. Lynch, the taper.,
eame in on a gaa boat and In-
formtd eome ot the officiala onboard the Cheakamua that they
were to cancel the order for meals
on the men'a passes. In other
words the men could starve until
they reached town It they did not
hav* the price to pay for their
meals; and the most ot them did
starve, as belnt broke they could
not pay for their meals on the,
Oamp *,'C. P. a Camps, Yalik
Conditions in this camp are rotten to say the leut. It Is all "Jlppo" In this camp, even the cook
Uppolng." The camps are filthy
and look as if they had not been
scrubbed all winter.
Camp II, Yahk
This camp is all "jlppo." Twenty-eight men to each bunk house,
double-deck bunkaast the Iron variety, pack your own blankets. Tlie
bunk houses are overcrowded and
have not been scrubbed all winter
and a lot of men ln camp are sick.
No pay day for three months and
no sign of any. Why dont you
fellows who are working there
come to life and try to bo men, tor
there are a good many Workers
who Would like to get work but
cannot on account et the fact that
Tbe Ham, Butter
and Egg Kings
Wt hive the laeet shipment ot
Perk Ihould.ri wt hive hid. thii.
yetr (ill Albert, (rein-led Pork),
Ud nice tnd smell; thty enly welsh
from 6 to 8 lbs.; res. -Oe lb., Frl'
day tnd Setnrdiy, lb  VtV.e
Qutlity Pork Bottle
Qnelity Ore* Boeete from, per
Ib. :  KVie
Qnelity Boneless Stew Beet, per
lb.    —Be
Qnelity Boilini
Beet   from.
Slater's   Famous
Roast Beef,
t__Mitnt Lest ef Lsetl Lsmb. per
lb.  _.-_*— ^MV,e
Senaine   Shoulders   I.oc.l   Lemb,
. Ib    &3Y,e
denulBo Loin* Leetl   Lsmb? per
lb. ._ „  Ue
B. C. Fresh Bite, 3  Q("
dosen for     a/DC
With Heat orders only.
No. 1 Alberta
Creamery, 8 lbK.1	
Sliter'i Femoni Slreeky Becon, hill
or whole eli_, Ib ...SSV.e
Slater'a Famoua Roll Bacon,
trom S up to IS
lbs., lb	
herd I    till I    Lard —S lbt. _tl
Flneet Lett Lud, t lbs. for dl
Finest Canadian
Cheese, lb.	
Bitter's Femens SoUed Becon, I lbs.
tor  _ IN
Slater'a Sugar Cured   Picnic
£*_- 23k
Sltter'e Sliced Sdur  Cured  Bitot,
. Ib. ..—..... 10c tnd dl.
Sliter'i Sliced Ayrshire Btck Bicon,
_ Ib.   —2* IM
Sliter'e Silted Beseleee BoU Burn,
lb. ....   .SM
4 Stores
ISS Hsstlais It. I..
IM O-enviUe li	
UU OnaTlllo li...,
sMi _____ a	
..ley. SIM
..Ity.   Ill
..ley. IMS
.Mr. Mil
tatt otimm
so mnny ot }(»u are "Uppolng,'
I*t us unite eur fore*, and Mtab-|
liah tht eight hour day In, the
camp* ef th|a district Wh*n yo|
come tf Cranbrook, come to th*
Lumber Workers' Halt ana get
your card fixed up ind then n
hack on the job and get your fellow-worker to get hi* card fixed.
We mutt do something or else our
standard of- living will hi lowered
be low that of the Oriental. A call
has been sent in from several
camps tor new c»r.ds and there
seeins to be a general revival of
organization among tbe members
of this district. Let ua get «rganlsed by Kay Day. ana
ReportB from Prince Qeorge.indicate* that thore Is a strike on at
SIcArthur's camps. Full details
cannot, however, be given, in while
they have boon mailed and notice,
to that effect has been received by
wire, they have not yet arrived.
Card scapling on the part of the
Local Lumber Worken' District
Seoretary has always taken place.
But a few cases of recent date
have taken place, which are eo.
barefaced, and are creating suspicion in the minda of the victims
that publicity become* a duty.
Som* weeks ago the Industrial
Lumber* Workers ofc Canada tn
Convention at Vancouver decided
to suspend the Edmonton branch.
The Edmonton branch alwaya ha*
been a ono mail organization.
Where the one man carried on. A
mail order organization and the
membership seldom or ever meet
all at one time. Thc fact that there
are very few if any members ih
town at any time ether than those
whose, duty lt ls to catch the unwary for dues ln ordor that alt
tnay eat without too much physical
energy expended, has mode very
little difficulty for Oils one man
Workers come ln town from
camps and soon (Ind themselves in
the hall with a sign dVer tho d<ior,
"Lumber Workers' industrial
tliiion of Canada." Those workors
always part easily with their cash
In exchange for smooth talk. But
they toe, read and while In .own
they meet with other workers *nd
discuss the latest matters In the
movement. I
In the last few weeks men have
come ahd gone, they found out
that the most efficient man the
lumber workers could _end tto
Mo-t-ow was a journalist, who had*
no knowledge of organisation, nnd
knew nothing of the Lumber
Workers' Union, save what he had
read ahd heard about It. They tod-
found that although Cascaden wai
supposed to have been sent with
credentials from the Edmonton
branch that 0I! aiT'Ye*5 In Moscow
thoBe __e__htials seem to have
changed somewhat. Whether the
change took place through carrying them about so long or just how
It happened tltey do not know, but
snme of those men bcliove that
those things need to be explained.
Other, things they "Want to know
are: 'why Bhould Oaseaden'e ire-
port (I would sooner call tt Cas-
caden's opinion, aboiit the other
delegates) bb of Interr-st to the A.
F. of L. officials here? Why
should Cascaden's report bc tolerated at the A. F. of L. Trades
Council hero?
And they wahl above all to
know why aro Ihey not Informed
by the district secretary or the
action taken at Vancouver, before
they Pay their dues, nnd Why mod
who boast of the rank and file
should take dues from this rank
■nnd flle Under pretence that they
pay those dues to the Lumber
Workers' Industrial Union of Canada. Fellow Lumber Workers be
aware of the Card Scalpers.
Yours, J. LAKEMAN.
_ In pe. ember, 1120, Soviet Russia
yolunturily gave full economic and
national autonomy to Karelia. Tills
•how ourj»ct is lu accord with Section 1! of
the Constitution of the ftusstan Socialist .Federated Soviet Republic
Which guarantees self-determination to the various eiatienalitles included lit its vast domains. The
autonomy granted to. Karelia is
■quell broader In scope than thdt
given to other communes belonging
to the Soviet Russian Federated Republic. The population enjoys complete national self-determination
and the right ef carrying oh Its
own foreign trade.
Karelia proper comprises a territory about one-third as large aa
that of Finland and le situated between that country and Soviet .Rus-
sia. -As an autonomous territory,
Karelia thus forme a so-called buffer state between the two. Despite
tta alze,. Karelia ts very sparsely
nettled: According to census estimates .taken in August, llBO, the
populntion le only about 1-5,000,
making,the ratio of population to
area a-lrout 1.4 persons to every
square kilometer, of the entire
population, about' 110,000 are Ka-
China for the
Chinese, New Formula
(Continued from page 1)
Chinese elements are expected to
turn against him In his own territory, and to drive him to withdraw from public affairs.
"Dr. Sun will be Installed ae
president of China at Pekin within
90 ri»ys," was predicted by the
Soutn Chinese hore. "fhe spirit of
what Is now being reported from
the north and south of our country
Is expressed In the phrase 'China
for the Chinese.' tt Is an expression bf realization that the powers
will do nothing for China, that the
Washington conference waa A
farce, and that the American and
other governments knew, even before the conference, that the Pekin
government had collapsed and was
virtually a corpse during all tht
parleys here."
That the sensational change in
Chinese political conditions thui
disclosed wtll Influence the senate'*
vote oh the four-power pact is In.
evltable. The state deportment
Insisted that the Pekin governmont was the only stable element
In China with which the powers
could deal. Now the Canton government appear* on the eve of
sweeping Into power ever the
whole Of China. China I* In pro
cess of turning out her pro-Japanese regime and installing a pro-
Chinese government which ha* at
all tlmea repudiated the work ot
the Washington conference. The
four-power Pact and the Chinese
treaties become an offense to thl
Chinese government.
. The new alignment In China
meana the British will be challenged In their seizure of Tibet.
They have marched Into end garrisoned that vast territory! upon
which they have not the slightest
claim, without asking permission
even of the weak politicians In Pekin. sun Tat Sen II anti-British
and anti-imperialist. He will take
the flrat favorable moment to Invite the British to get out of
Tibet. «
Aftej th; British will come the
turn of the French on the Ahnant
Wder, at the south,
Succeed (( this revival of Chinese
national lelT-aSirffon, .-rftX
Sun, Is dependent upon the good
faith et Spheral Chiuig-Tsao-Lifl
lh the alliance how forming for the
removal of General Wu Pel Wa.'
■■■'■'    '-*-"■    -■■-.'■'■■■ -   '■ +r    -\'       ■''■'-■     —
Tk Karelian Wofktra'
-   f-   -.. W- ■ —wnj, .X.l.
.  (By George 1I«1omo)
fr »e Pederated P«_t>
beta. Not|: A| that auto*
aomoue terriiwry of Soviet Hue,-
ela,"  thd   Karelian   Worker-/
•fl*n»iwjji.|i y*Ma itBtm' tt
(.he American workere, mt IhaU
eatfaypr to giv* * general pr ee
sehtatlon of thi* n*w-b«ra
workers' republic in the tou
lowing articles, At the tame
time, tbls W|U afford a concrete
example of the Soviet Govfrn-
menfs policy with reference ty
nationalities and the manner in
which the Bussian worker*
have solved thia problem.
fAU this completely paralyze* the
quftihery of production.
Then Karelians. Ffnni' and a_isjs-
tend 'ia at**.
* en^y-a*"*
! ayetem of ex-
>ery ha* *m
trim »•■_&•.
According to th* languages spoken tn, the country, the Inhabitants
are divided aa follows: Russian, 51
per con,t.:--Karelin, 35 per cent,;
Finnish, 13 J>er cent.! others, 1 per
cent. The Karelin language is
closely .related, to/ the Finnish and
composed .of numerous dialects,
none 'of, which, have "heen developed
into- Htor.iry ot .grammatical form.
As t'.ieae dialects arc so closely related to the Finnish, that language
is used in schools, literature, and
in- the various offices. Tbat. the
Russian language is proportionately to[ .dominant, despite the reverse
ratio as to, population of the nationalities themselves, is due to the
''Russlnnization" efforts of the old
Csafrist regime. According to the
constitution et the Karelian Commune, the Finnish and Russian
langhages must be used simultaneously, by all government deportments. In bulletins, decrees, official
reports, etc., to thc public.
About S$ per cent, of the populate; are peasants and agricultural
wqrk$rs; *1E per cent, industrial
workers and professionals.
Petrozavodsk, with a population
of aboyt 45,000. is the capital city
of th^.commune. Here aro located
all the. govexatqentai offlco.. end
bureaus, ass* In the city Is centered
must ot the cultural and Industrial
lite of the oountry.
The highest governing authority
in the Karelian Workers' Commune is the General Congress of
Soviets, which meets twice a year—
in January and September. Speolal sessions .of congress may be
held when necessary. Between the
sessions of the. congresses the executive committee of the Karelian
Commune, which Is elected In each
congress, controls the entire, governmental, social and economio. Ufe
of the commune.
The. governmental machinery Is
divided into the following departments: Executive, judicial, educational, sooial welfare, labor and
peasant examination, Intelligence
(Cheka), health, financial. Industrial and economic. This Soviet
form of government waa formed by
the people themselves, and now,
for the first time, they have an opportunity of governing thomselves.
Tho' chairman of the Karelian
executive committee Ib the well-
known Finnish revolutionist, Ed-
vard tlylllng. The olllce of the
ohalrman Is somewhat similar to
that of president or prime minister
in some other countries. Other
members of the executive committee act as heads ot the various governmental departments.
Kairella ls known for Its great
natural resources, Thore are thousands of hectares of excellent swamp
lands capable of producing rich
crops under proper cultivation, and
splendid forests that furnish Innumerable varieties of game and
wheroby a valuable tur Industry
Can be developed with comparatively amall effort. Numerous varieties of (ish may be had from thd
Karelian seashore and the thousands of lakes and rivers. The gov
ernment ls now centering special
Interest on the fishing industry In
order to help thc famine situation.
There ar* excellent waterfalls
that can be harnessed end set to
serve the needs of the people. It
haa-been estimated that more than
1.000,000 horsepower can be generate- and converted to use from
thete sources. Besides 10,000,001
hectares of timber landa there nre
millions of tons of Iron ore, quarts,
marble,. copper, asbestos, anthracite, color earth, eto,
But every one ot these resources
require development. That la the
Immediate task of the Karelian
Canfmune. IM altn Is to convert
these great resources of raw materials and power, and supply Karelia, Russia and other countries with
their product*
For the present, Karelia tt poverty stricken. Team of war haVe
completely devastated the country.
For three years the Finnish armies
occupied the territory. English,
and even American expeditions held
control with a rulo of blood and
iron.- Hussion counter-revolutionary bands made destructive raids.
aiui rose hand in
this*   the-tomma
wop.   Now, that thi
lloltation and raja
abolished, they ar* i
tjflions of a bett^ ^^^^^^^
believe that in a few years their out
show the w#rid th* f reatness of th*
creative po,wer of the revolutiaj.
(The second article will ^eacrJUie
the yecond general congreea et th*
Ka'-tlian Commune).
U. S. Steel Corporator.
Uses Its Power in
West Virginia.
Morgan Controlled Interests Oppose Miners'
(By the Federated Press)
Thirty-live thousand miner**
families In Weet Virginia are
On the verge .of starvation bo-
cause of the widespread unem- ;
plbymnt in the' coal fields—unemployment due, the minera'
and union officiala charge, to
the pressure exerted on the operators by the United State*
Steel Corporation. These thousands ot miner* and tlieir hungry wives and children ore aat
tin etrlke.
In Wngo county 1100 miner*
are still looked out because
they demand the right to organize.
The following article, the dth
Df a series prepared by the
American Civil Liberties Union,
118 West 18th St:, New fork
City, depicts the manner ln
which the power of the Steel
Trust is used—together with
that of other entrenched inter-
ests—against tho Wost Virginia miners,
Halifax, K. 8„ Canada.—The
Nova Scotia legislature meeta on
March 2. The three labor men
from Cape Breton wtll lntroduoe
SU eight-hour day bill and other
labor legislation. I, S. Henri of
Montreal has been engaged to act
a* the secretary of thl | labor
"tt the United States Steel Corporation toomorrow aald: 'Let the
unions in West Virginia be reeog-J
nlzed,' they would be recognised,
Samuel Untermyer, noted lawyer,
and himself, perhaps, the largest
individual stockholder tn the Steel
Corporation, told the United States
Senate committee on education and
Labor during its recent investigation into industrial eonditlons In the
unorganized eoal fields of tlu_tj
atate. ■>
Behind the so-called "open shop'
drive Ih West Virginia, Untermyer
declared, are the United Statea
Steel Corporation, and the Pennsylvania Railroad, both "sponsored" by J. P. Morgaq A Co. Theae
corporations, he eai-, are attempting to put the coal industry of West
Virginia on a "solid" non-union
basis.one. use lt al an entering
wedge to smash unionism in the
entire coal Industry of America,
Tracing the ramifications of the
J. P. Morgan concern through the
Innumerable corporations in whloh
It holds stock or ie represented ln
interlocking directorates, Untermyer showed the senators the mighty
influence wielded by the Steel Corporation in the battle, of the coal
operators dghlnst the United Mine
Workers'- organizations in West
"Tho Steel Corporation," he said,
"doea not need to.oivh a very large
part of the Pocahontas field (McDowell couhty) In order to control
the labor situation there. That II
not necessary at all. If they have
got an Interest In lt their power Is
great enough for them to control
their other ramifications.
The Untted'States Steel Corporation, the committee wob shown by
the miners' officials, leases more
than 62,000 acres ot land In the Pocahontas coal Held, just southwest
of Mingo county. It owns 53,736
acres of vein area, and 92,662 acres
of surface area In Logan and Mingo
bounties, where Don Chafin and his
subsidized army ot deputies, and
ths Baldwin-Felte .detective organization administer the "law and order" In the smalt mining communities, tt Ib theae organisations which
have ottered violent resistance to
the United Mine Workers' efforts to
organize this territory.
In addition to these holdings of
the Steel Trust in southern West
Virginia, It owns, just southwest of
Mingo in Kentucky, more than
106,000 acres of coal lands. On
Its Kentucky holding* the corporation has built what la probably tht
largest coal mining plant In the
world. On thia plant It expended
In 1917 and lilt more than IJ,
Thl illy of th* U. 8. Steel Cor-
juration Ih Weat Virginia, Untermyer pointed out, Is the Pennsylvania Railroad. The Pennsylvania
control-, thrbugth Interlocking dl
rectorates and other "high finance'
methods, including mortgages,
bondi, etocks and holding and operating companies, the Norfolk A
Western Is tho largest and most Im
portent coal-carrying road in the
southern part of the state.
Through the Pocahontas Coal a.
Coke Compnny, the Pennsylvania
and the Norfolk & Southern sublease to th* United Statos Steel
Corporation It* holdings in McDowell county.
The Pocahontas Coal ft Coke Co.
owns In Its own name 300,000 acres
hi coal land in the Pocahontas coal
field, the richest coal producing
section In the State.
Untermyer charged—and the
charge remained undisputed—that
J. P. Morgan e_ Company controlled both of these powerful agencies
ot Industrial oppression; the United
States Steel Corporation and the
Pennsylvania Railroad
Sacramento, Catt—*_i Boaro
of education of this city denied the
request of H. J. Leyitan to .speak
lti _*_ togni iihejl audftorlSin.pn
behfijf of .relief, for Ih*>' starving
children of Soviet ttiisala.
Where II the Union Button?
Two Valufcs That
Stand Out Above
Men's Black Grain Work Boots, solid leather throufh
'put, two {till soles; a good hnrtj-wearing ' d_A *§l
work boot at a low price.  Pep p»ir....._..„.._.3K|,,45|*1
Mcr's Pins Siioes
46.95 fcuys you a pair of drew shoes that an the
of «w $10 shoe shown you in tht eity. Atarr boot ja «11
1   solid leather from heel to toe, and teal Mitotan upptn.
J Brown »nd blaek, in six different shapes, mi til a\m.
Widths 6 '6 EE, You will take ao ehanee* when buj^f
these as they are good -Shoe*.   -Any #____ QX%
style, st   __.. „.™_*^elw
- ,n    -____sa_______-_____s__B_______-B-_:
•flood Shoe Repairing Should Appeal to Yau.
Try Ub on Tow Next Pair.
Of tie Unemployed aai Employed Worken
SUNDAY, MARCH 124 1922
At 2:80 pA
in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
TUESDAT-Friends Of Soviet 1
WEDNESDAY-Worken' Party.
THUKSDAT-C. N. ti. X. Open ftl-am and
Plasterers' Helpers.
SATUBDAT-Dance, 9 to 1%
(By Evelyn Sharp, Federated Pressf
-  Staff Writer)
LONDON (by mail),—Tbl Mln-
later et Labor announeee that
the situation of the workere
ts Improving because there are
fewer names on the "live" registers of the Labor Exchanges. But
these are hot a trustworthy Indication of the atate ef unemployment,
since a man will cease to make the
woarysome, futile Journey to the
exchange when he runs out .of
bonefits and can 'no longer elalm
unemployment pay.
Of greater significance is the
temper of the unemployed aa
shown In orgnnized visits to
Boards of Guardians, up and down
the country; in the demonstration
that took placo recently and the
deputation which waa refused audience with Sir Alfred Mond (Minister of Health) and ih the conflict between the unemployed and
the police which haw ceaaed te he
object! of pity and to have become a public nnl-snce, end Guardians end police authorities treat
them accordingly. It will be Interesting to see the effects ot the
addition te their ranks ot the relatively  well-fed   (and   therefore
(I)    Reparation payments must
be modified so ae to make the leaat
possiblo disturbance th the world'!
| trade.
(4) Expeadlturl an armaminte
must be reduce*.
"To secure a substantial reduction in prlcee De must effect a substantial reduction ltt wale coata,
Thla can ohlj- be done either by reducing wage* er by the working
people giving greater output for
the wagea thty receive" (but it
will be hotel that both ways are
The report then comments 09
"tho unfortunate effect of the preaent systom ot unemployment ben*
eSt," and declares that these payments have a "demoralising"
effect on many et the workers.
"JU price reductions are to ba
■Hale frlthout Impairing the standard et living the workere must ba
prepared te give a higher output
V«r head, and to extond the working houra. It taar be necessary te
go further aad ter the- workers ta
be prepare* ta accept a money
wage which may, until b_s_a.se revives, Involve a lower standard et
living than that which prevail**
mora aggressive) men and women before th* trade depression tet In,
thrown eut of work when—if ever
—the "cute" propoaed ky the
fleddea committee come Into operation. '
War haa begun In the building
trade. Two strikes againBt reductions If I pence an hour—announce* la violation ot the national agreement by the employers-
were declared Feb. 11. A separate
campaign Is being waged againat
the masons, but the Federation of
Building Trade Operatives will
contend against any attempt to segregate any section of the workersr'
The position In the shipbuilding
industry Is Btill serious. The employors have now modified thetr
demands and instead et asking for
a direct cut of Si shillings suggest
16 shillings now and ll shillings
after three montha But the mea
are not disposed to accept any cut
at all. Last year they lost lf shillings a week ln wage reduction*.
The average wage on the Clyde la
now down to 75 shillings. A eut of
26 shillings would further reduce
them to ll shillings—the equivalent ot not more than II shillings
pre-war. Such a out would make
the Industry frankly a sweated
But the employera are quite
frank In their attitude. The Federation ot British Industries, prob.
Inject Corps, iltoa, he added",! *"* *e ,™*st ho^ertu^ergtnlta-
is the largest operator in the State Hon If •S|..-M,8S 1 T
of., WmL yirsiijla,   Its subsidiary, [country, iasujd .gat *lek a mani-
the United States Coal & Coke Co.
produced tn 1920 more than 5,000,-
000. tons of coal. In McDowell
county it operates eleven plants and
employs 3888 man—or nearly twice
as many as tho next largest company In that field.
fento on the subjoct of Labor and
Colfcf of Production. Ita main conclusions were:
(1) tlilOB must cotne down,
(2) Workers must give a
higher output »■■« work lentil
houra * —•
er even thaa tbelr pre-war standard. Further, It theee reductloae
ot wages ar* to b* carried eut It
le desirable tkat the movement
should be aa widespread and aa
uniform al poeaible."
Eureka Tea Co.
mt Dtnmroia nam
Freeh lesetil Oelee Dally
Ties aal Sales I m. fer 11 sal t*.
Human Bake Ovens and
Medicated Vapor Bath*
met Belie aal Msisago 1st
Oer Ovens aad Sleetrleel Treet*
meate ere highly recommended fer
Rh-umeUin. SehUlee, Stir Joists,
Meurltle, Hernia Troiblee ..I
Bay  geaere! ma-down  condltloa.
Stan* Treat-Hat Irea M.M.
HMt-ly 0*b_on tress IM.ee.
New Method Baths
Ms turn* BM*, lt jhfltm b.
Opon froa 10 •-■. lo 9 p.n. PAGE POUR
fourteenth YBAR. no. it   THE BR|TISg COLUMBIA FEDEKATIOMIST vakcohviiib, a a
FR1DAY -.. ..March 10fcl»l
It is a long time ir. coming
-SPRING-but Nature
itself is the best herald.
Take a walk any day while
the sun is shining and see
the new hats on the trees
—the pussywillows. They
are Nature's own hate,
the first indication of
Spring, and finally each
shrub and bush will be
fully dressed.
Get a new
Spring Hat
We offer sn excellent, substantial
hat, bearing the Diek label and
warrant, in the latest colon-
green, brown, fawn and blade. All
rises.  Specially priced at—
Hail Orders
Send also and shade
and simple description of your wants.
All orders sent, express prepaid, on receipt of price.
Always seasonable and useful—ean be
worn on days which are cloudy or
bright—but the smart effect of a well-
shaped cap is always apparent.' We
offer these smart caps in all the newest
shapes and colors, with pleated or
stitched backs. The widest
choice of fabrics at—
"Ymrmomyi north or your
Unemployment the
Subject Monday
__    (Conttntud from pw 1)
I m*y aay that the next confer*
••nee has been arranged for March
18. On behalf of the conference, I
would request an early reply to this
Setter, and would appreciate the
very fullest information as to the
measures at present being taken,
and also with regard to any proposed measures, to relieve the pre*
vailing distress through unemploy*
Yours sincerely,
I       Chairman, Joint Conference.
\ (HRS.) B. BOOTH,
The following wire was received
In reply:
Ottawa, Ont., Feb. SO, 1922.
7308 Main St, Vancouver, B. C.
Tour letter of Feb. Fourteenth
With attached resolution referring
to unemployment situation Vancouver and surrounding districts
received. This department must
expect and insist on municipal an.d
provincial authorities taking the
first steps incident to Inaugurating
and maintaining action necessary
ln relieving unemployment conditions or In extending relief assistance where employment cannot be
•ecured. It ia reasonable to assume
that you and your associates with
municipal and provincial authorities would resent the assumption
»f home rule assistance or control
In matters effecting the welfare or
rights of your citizens generally
and we must therefore hold that
It is consistent to expect that
assistance begins at home and the
timely supervision over assistance
to secure employment or assistance ln extending relief should
commence and be maintained at
bome. I shall be glad to learn
from municipal and provincial
authorities if in any consistent way
We can strengthen their position
cr uphold their hands In dealing
With the present very serious condition of unemployment and I send
thts by wire in order that you may
be promptly advised of our position.
Minister of Labor.
After the unemployed demonstration held on Sunday, February
the 26th, Mrs. E. Booth, secretary
of the committee, forwarded the
following letter to the Premier:
March 4th.
Hon. W. L. McKenzie King,
Premier of Canada,
House of Commons,
Sir:— Ottawa, Ont.
At a mass meeting held ln Vancouver last Sunday, at which between    6,000   and   6,000   citizens
were present, for the purpose of
discussing the  unemployed  situation in Vancouver and vicinity, the
following1 resolution was passed:
"Whereas   the   unemployed
situation is of a national character, an.d la one that cannot
be   handled   satisfactorily   by
municipal bodies, and. whereas, the extremely low scale of
relief now being given Is tending to loWer the standard of
living   of   the   entire   wage
working population; be It resolved, that we call upon the
Federal       Government       to
assume ahe   management   of
the    unemployment   situation
on a national scale, and that
the basis of relief be work at
trade union rates or full main-
■  tenance on the acale laid down
In the Labor Gazette."
I have been  Instructed   by  the
committee, which   was   appointed
by    the    unemployed    conference
held here ob February 6th, to forward thts resolution, to you and to
urge you, as the Premier of Canada, to take this matter into consideration and to give that attention
to this question which the needs of
the people at thts time demand.
I remain,
To date no reply has been received from the Premier.
As the unemployed women have
suffered ao far in alienee and no
effort has been made to organise
the unemployed females, it Is expected that the conference will
deal with this aspect of the unemployed problem and seek to secure
adequate relief for the unemployed
women and girls.
Since the last conference, the
committee of twenty-flve has collected much data with respect to
the number of unemployed in the
district, and also as to the measures of relief adopted by the various municipalities . and it is expected that some general plan will
be outlined for the care of the unemployed with a recognition of the
permanency of the unemployed
Annual Irish Concert
and Dance
PENDER HALL, Pender Street West
(By the Best Irish Talent in the Oity)
CONCERT 8 p.m. DANCING from 10.30 p.m.
Admission:  Oents, $1.00; Ladies, 75c; Children, 26o
The Best Irish Concert and
Dance in Vancouver
Indian Non-Co-operators
Held in Solitary
.Labor Troubles Accompany Political Crisis
in India
<By the Fed. Press)
Bombay (via London).—The All
brothers and their comrades, the
Imprisoned Non-Co-operation leaders, are being brutally treated In
Karachi jail. Since Jan. 30 they
have been confined in solitary cells
as punishment for refusing to take
bad food supplied. Both Mohammed All and Shanket All are in
failing health. Cell life means ub-
soute seclusion and no Interviews
are allowed to friends or legal advisers.
Recently ordered to strip when
being searched the brothers refused and were ordered solitary
confinement for one month. Hearing of this 20,000 Karachi citizens
marched to the prison and demanded to see the prisoners. The
All brothers were brought on the
balcony, from which they addressed the crowd, which then quietly
These revelations are causing
great excitement In India. A mass
meeting of Bombay Moslems has
declared that unless the treatment
of the prisoners changes for the
bettor the Moslem community will
call upon the Central Khullfat committee to devise means of immediate non-violent reprisals.
Labor troubles accompany the
political crisis In India. A central
fact in the situation is the bitter
poverty of the workers, and numerous strikes are expected in the
near future. On the East Indian
railway the strike is spreading,
and troops are being sent to protect strikebreakers. In the Punjab the railway men have sent ln
a higher-wage ultimatum.      "*"*''
A crop of strikes In Bombay has
led to the Economic Labor Federation's taking matters In hand. In
one cotton mill the federation
formed the first women'a trade
unton in India, and fought the
strike to a successful finish. Intervening In a strike of scavengers,
who asked an Increase to 40 shillings a month from their present
wage of 85 shillings, the federation
obtained the appointment of a
municipal corporation committee
to investigate the condltons of
these men, the poorest of the
Sydney, N. S. W.—The New
South Wales labor government intends to amend the taxation laws
of tlie country by lightening the
taxation Imposed on persons with
an Income of $7fi per week and under, and Increasing the amount of
tax on those with incomes above
that amount. Workers will beneflt largely as a result of the new
proposals which will become law
next May.
T>-j.7-m-i1i-o     P«i1     * iHtmr .(»-.»■
Cut off. the above, 811 in the amount you are willing to
gita to the defenie of The Federationist, and forward it
along with your contribution to the B. 0. Federationist,
Ltd., 342 Pender Btreet West, Vanoouver, B. 0. The money
will be needed if adequate defenie of the paper is to bo
' aokhowledohents:
Olal OlEon      1.50
Previously acknowledged .... 1875.31
A. Friend      1.00,
E. Ahola  .-      1.00
H. Mynth      1.00
The Evolution of Man
LAST Wednesday Dr. Curry'
stated that as the spring had
arrived, and as they had travelled from the Solar nebulae to the |
Bourgeois Revolutions, he needed a
rest, and this would be the last
study for the season.
Being a member of the Workers
Party, other meetings were oalled.
and he expected to continue using
his efforts as he had foi* the lait 20
years. In the cause of I*bor.
The speaker flrst showed th* difference between philosophical and
historical materialism.
The flrst being the idea that matter is the basis of all physical and
mental phenomena; the seoond,
called also economic determinism,
means that history fs a record of
struggles for material things, the
basis of our individual or social: life,
and that political, Intellectual,; moral or religious Institutions and
ideas, grow out of man's material
needs and especially out of the
mode of production prevailing In
any given period. From there it is
easily seen that the dominant class
today, the capitalist, furnish the
ideas of the community. Yet, because of the antagonism of interests
between worker and capitalist,
slave and master, and because of
this law of "economic determinism"
we see today two corresponding sets
of Ideas in conflict. One representing the conservative master class,
the other representing the revolutionary slave class struggling to
throw off their chains.
This economic and mental conflict was intense In Europe for several generations. Oliver Cromwell
had, In the 17th century* represented the bourgeois revolt against
Feudalism. He kicked over the
House,of Lords, cut the head off
the King, and upset "law and order" In general, yet no doubt did-it
all In accordance witk-the "British
Later, the rising capitalists felt
their inferiority, aiid m 1001-: the
Feudal lords ln with them to help
rule and keep the workers In their
place. Today all the great1 British
corporations have these noble relics
of Feudalism attached to them as
presidents or directors.'
Something the same programme
only with considerable more bloodshed took place in France, where
the Ideals were liberty; equality,
fraternity of the eternal kind, only
In France a more thorough cleaning up took place, and there were
no "noble lords" or Feudal property left when the Reign of Terror
was completed.
In America, the speaker showed,
the conflict for "life, liberty and the
pursuit of happiness" was In reality a clash over whether the coming capitalist rulors should be of
the British or Colonial breed.
While the Civil War was, in spite
of the school history and fourth of
July declarations, not a war "to
free the poor slave," but a flght
over whother the Southern slave-
holding Slates or the manufacturing and commercial Interests ofthe
north should control the national
The speaker showed that today
another revolutionary era Is here.
In Russia, the relics of Feudalism,
and what there was of capitalism,
was thrown over, and the workers
are In control.
The famine Is today the ally of
Its Cause
Its Effect
Its Cure
Dr. W.Lee Holder
ley. SfiM      Vanoouver, _UC\
Teaching Diet by Mall If a
.Proven Success.
'the capitalist governments. That
Is why millions in Russia are starving, and the world governments
doing nothing. The capitalist states
have already spent billions tn assisting the many counter revolutionists to overthrow the Soviet
state. ,
These millions starve In Russia,
because there is not food, millions
are hungry and homeless in America, while warehouses are bursting
with food and clothing. The workers are today learning their lesson
of master class "morals" by bitter
experience. . Tomorrow we hope
they will do what their masters did
to the Feudal rulers, and do lt thor.
This Is not only necessary for the
workers—the life of the race demands that what ls socially produced must be socially owned, and
that production be carried on for
the use of the workers, not Tor the
proflt of the masters; and that the
class struggle and human partslt-
lsm and slavery be once and forever abolibhed. Only then can true
civilization and true progress be
Agricultural group formed by
the Vancouver branch of the Society for Technical Aid to -Soviet
This group has Informed you
In several previous Issues that they
are receiving applications from
persons wishing to join this group
which Is leaving for Soviet Russia
In May, full particulars can be
obtained as to admission as members from either of the underspend secretaries.
Fellow workers, you are, or
should be fully aware of the vital
necessity of aiding Soviet Russia
to reconstruct her broken .down In-'
dustries and agriculture. This ruin
having been wrought by the inhuman blockade of the capitalist
powers, therefore "The First
Workers Republic" has.appealed
tb the workers of this continent to
fjrm and equip groups of'workers
who are willing to go to aid In the
reconstruction of Soviet Russia.
and In answer to this appeal the
Vancouver branch of the society
for Technical Aid to Soviet Russia
has organized an agricultural
group who are willing to undergo
any hardships which might ensue
in the carrying out of their task.
This group must be equipped
with tractor, ploughs, drills, harrows, mowers, binders, wagons,
etc., which cost a large sum «gf
money, therefore this group appeals to all readers of this paper
and sympathizers of Soviet Russia
to enclose fl or more in an envelope with their name and address,
demonstrate your solidarity by
forwarding your contributions aB
soon as possible. To all persons
subscribing not less thnn 12 a very
appropriate "Roll of Honor" Card
will be forwarded, duly siprned and
sealed with the Heal of the society.
Forward all contributions or If
you wish for particulars re joining group write to M. Phoshko or
F. Allen, 771 Prior Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Washington.—Despite the refusal of the American State Department to recognize the new Baltic
states, Lithuania has secured an
invitation from the Italian government to take part In the Genoa
conference. This adds to the list
of governments - approved by
Britain and the continental powers
but Ignored by Washington, that
will sit down at the conference
table In Genoa next month regardless of the attitude of the American administration,
Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada.
—It Is the general opinion that the
lawyers of this county will not
prosecute the Maritime Labor Herald editor and publishers for seditious libel. Several thousands of
miners, In their locals, passed resolutions upholding the Herald and
deolared that It was doing the public a service In publishing the article commenting on the courts.
Every vender of The Federatlonist can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions m soda as they ere dne, and
and by inducing another worker to
subscribe.   It doe* not take nwcfe
rtlTrvt-.   tn  oln  ahto       T_>*   Hi.
Representative of English
Relief Commission
Shocked .-
Famine   Sufferers   Face
Untold Misery and
"The famine conditions on the
Volga," said Tir. Nan-en, 'In a recent Interview, " "surpass all our
pessimistic anticipations. It Is sufficient to my that Dr. Farrar (the
representative of the Bngllsh Relief Commission) -who accompanied me thither, and who has had
experience of famine In India,
Africa and Asia, had never before
witnessed such a terrible .-nightmare or such tragic sights as those
he saw ln the Volga area."
Together they had visited a
number of feeding centres, children's homes, hospitals, and a
Urge number of villages. Dr. Nas-
sen discovered that the majority
of peasants leave their huts only
to go for water, and they live on
what Is left ot the straw collected
In the autumn. This they grind
ln stone mortars together with
sunflower seeds, bark and clay,
and then mix with flour made of
the bones of dead animals. There
are practically no domestic animals left In the villages. A few
households have one horse left,
but these are so weak that they
cannot keep on their legs. In the
Saratov Provinces, which* has no
forests, .there are not even--roots,
which serve ln parts of the 8am-
ara province as an Important substitute for food. .
In the German Volga Commune
conditions are very bad. In many
cottages corpses olf people who
had died of hunger are to be
found. They lte unburled for
days, because the other members
of the family are too weak to go
out to report or bury them. In a
number of huts whole families are
on the point of death, among them
strewn the corpses of those who
had already died bf hunger.
In the Bujsuluk District, the
famine conditions are more terrible than in other parts of the
famine area. In spite of the considerable relief work that is being
done, the number of people suffering Is so great that lt will be
impossible to save even half of the
children of the district (rom death
by starvation.
Not less than SOO truekloads are
required In the Volga area to provide a bare pound of food per day
per peraon. In addition, medical
stores, drugs and fodder are
needed. The Volga district requires 170,000,000 poods (8,600,-
000 tons) of food for human consumption. The district/although
formerly the granary of Russia,
haa produced only 40,000,000
poods this year, leaving a deficit
of 124,000,000 poods (.,132,000
tons) which must be provided,
What country can better provide
Men's Spring Suits $27
They are all new 1922 models, well tailored in;
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137 Hastings Street Wl
Vancouver Workers' Protective]
Meetings Held Thursdays, at 8 p.m.
61 Cordova Street West
it than America, with her huge
surplus ot grain-
Soviet Russia needa three things
besides the food above enumerated. She needs: (1) more than
55,000,000 pooda (about 000,000
tons) of seed. This seed must be
procured for the spring sowing, so
that no delay Is possible: (?)
equipment (cattle, horses, machinery); (8) a large number of tractors and ploughs. The famine has
decimated the cattle and horses in
the famine district. If subatl-.Ua
are not provided at once, spring
ploughing cannot be done and the
population will face .another year
of famine.
What country can better provide
these things than America, with
her large supply of seed, machinery and particularly tractors and
Soma further details at the horrors of the famine are coming to
light. Typhus Is raging the district, owing to the vile food that
the people are consuming. Cats,
dogs, mice, even corpses stolen at
night from the houses, represent a
good part of their food. - The hospitals havo not sufficient supplies
of medicines. More than 00 per
cent of. the people ace suffering
from an eye disease; at Tschebos-
carl, 90 per cent of the Infants
have died. In the same district
there are more than 108,000 children suffering the worst privations. Mothers are strangling
their children, in order not to have
to see them slowly die" ot hunger.
What must the suffering ot these
people be when Impelled to such
The Odessa ReUef Committee on
the way to Ufa wtth a train of 23
cars of food, had to remove so
many corpses from the rolls that
the train was much delayed. The
mortality from starvation is reaching fearful proportions. The cemeteries are crowded with unburled
bodies. In the Kirglsh Soviet Republic the mortality has Increased
34 per cent. In Zarlssyn, more
than-half the population Is starving. People are dying by the hundreds In this district alone. In
SaporoBthi    the   inhabitants have
become absolutely apathetic to 1
question of life or death. In
villages and towns people wanJ
about,'skelt'ons eating the soil _
drinking polluted water, cladl
rags. Need more be said?- Nf
greater horror be pictured?
[The opinions and Ideas expreai
by correspondents are not nen
ssrily endorsed by The Federatlf
ist, and no responsibility for
views expressed Is accepted by j
A Sun's Editorial
Editor B. C. Federatlonist—D|
Sir: I have recently arrived In I
city from Regina on a business tl
and waB much surprised on reac|
on article In the Sun's Sunday i
tlon  of this city,  claiming t|
worke.8 were wanted for the 1
vince of Saskatchewan this sprf
I would like to state right !
that not only. Is this misleading,'
same ls absolutely untrue.
As a 20 years resident, I clainf
know something of the conduit
prevailing ln this province, whf
were never worse.
Regina, Moosejaw, Medicine l|
in fact all cities and towns are _
of idle men, many thousands!
whom are eagerly waiting j
spring to open up, with the ant]
pation ot getting work.
We have our own  un.mploj
problem, same as you have hen
British   Columbia,   and   whtch|
dally becoming more acute,
there will be many on the al
who will fail tb get work In J
Province   of   Saskatchewan
spring.   Trusting, sir, you will i
thli early publication, as a warn]
to any one who thinks of comln J
this province looking for work, f
Yours vory truly,
Quill Lake, Baal
Patronise Fed. advertisers.
MILLIONS now Irving
1,000,000 have roccumbed in three weeki, the death rate being 50,000 per week.
Dr. Nansen, the famous Arctic explorer who has experienced the rigors of the frozen]
north, which entails hunger and cold, said before a conference of the League J
of Nations:
"Every month lost in discussion makes that fight more
terrible. Was a man ever faced by a task more urgent, more
terrible than mine? I ask for the help of every member of this
great conference. I ask every man and woman, I care not whether they represent governments, employers, or workers, to
free their minds of every political consideration; I ask them in
the name of human charity to think of the women and children
on the frozen Volga; I ask them, when they go from here to
their homes, to appeal to the trade unions, to appeal to their
co-operative societies, to appeal to their parliaments, to appeal
to the great masses of the people, to take a part in the'work
of helping Russia."
The Friends of Soviet Russia, headquarters New York, are conducting a campaign lot
the relief of the famine sufferers in Russia, and call upon all organisations in British ■
Columbia, to assist in this work, by organising committees to collect food, medicine,
clothes, soap and money.
This does not mean that you hare to wait until someone calls upon you.
Send what you can to the secretary of the local branch, Mrs. C. Sutherland, 804 Pender St. West, Vancouver, B. C.,
Don't throw away any old clothes, u yea cannot nae them; the sufferers ln Soviet Russia wUl
welcome them. Fall Information on tlie activities ot tho Fr_K__scf Soviet Russia can be hail from
ttuf local secretary, HH


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