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The British Columbia Federationist Sep 24, 1920

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7 .     .
B. C. and Alta. Miners Are
Getting Restless Over
District Secretary Issues
Call for Action By AU
Coal Miners
The Albert* ud Brltlih Colum-
' bin conl mlnen have been lulled
with the following letter from Ar-
'. thur Ev«n»,  dUtrlct McreUry ef
Mlnlni Department'No. 1, O. B. U.
' It cnlle for notion on the removal
. of thit check-off or * strike.   Tho
. minera In practically every dlatrlct
are determined on ono thing or the
other, according   to    Information
.. from various points.^
Calfary, September 16, 1910.
To the Offlcen and Members of
what wae formerly DUtrlct 11,
U. M. W. ot A.   Fellow Workere:
The following    resolution    wu
liven to me for circularising the
district with.   It was passed at a
meting of the West   Commercial
Miner's Unit; after having.been on
strike agalnat the U. M. W. of A.
Check-off and   Intolerable   conditions:
"We, th* members of the West
Commercial     Miner's     Unit,    of
Wayne, call on all the mine work-
:. erp to no*lfy their respective employers that unless the U. If. W.
of A. Check-off is removed and
"negotlonlions   opened   tor a new
j  agreement by October 1, 1920, they
win take whatever action, ls necessary to bring' about tha removal of
Ue Check-off and the opeiijng of
negotiations for a new agreement."
"Signed on behalf of the West
Commercial Unit."
iSigned 'A. P. PIGCO,
>  ■ •■;     ' R.   ROBERTS,
The convention held here ln Calgary was of the opinion that unless
the miners of this district take action'against the Check-off In the
Beat few- weeks, nothing practical
oould be done about lt until this
, time next year.
i * Af the nam* tltae, tha convention
was of the opinion that th* present
Hgielty of coal wan a factor In our
favor', and that all oilier thing* ot,
Ing considered, th* pmsl tlm* Is
th* most opportune tor forolng th*
Issue, not Only of itt* Cluck-off,
but also ot the wages and conditions around the mines of tho whole
district.  '.'
The firat action to be taken Is
the notification ot th* employers
that unless the XT. M. W. bf A.
Check-off Is removed ahd negotiations opened up for a new agreement by October I, you will act In
whatever wivv yuu consider necessary. (Should you do this and the
employers turn you down, your ac
tlon will depend on the sentiment
of the distriel. This office will Inform you of that).
This circular Is being sent to all
oamps In the district I, suocessor
to Secretary v.1 Browne, ahould
b* notified of your attitude and
notions promptly. Tou will be Informed a* to all happenings.
This Is a rank and. file propoil
tlon. We have submitted long
•nough to the Check-off and the
•nforced agreement. Let ua Act
Dlst. Sec. No. 1, Mining Dept. O.B.U.
Have this taken up at your first
meeting, or call a speolal meeting
and Immediately notify District
Secretary of results.
■ ■p—^                ■ |^   '
$2.50 PER YEAR
Demand   That   Govern
ment Maintain Absolute Neutrality
(By The Federated Press.)
Stockholm—"The war Into which
Poland haa been farced ls th* last
offensive of Internationalism
against the Revolution." With
theso wprda Frederic Strom, official representative bf the Soviet
Government, brought a mass meet,
ing of 6,000 Swedish left-wing Socialists to ita feet cheering.
Without a dissenting voice, resolutions were adopted demanding
of the Swedish government that It
maintain absolute neutrality in its
dealings with Russia and Poland.
Th* resolution further demanded
that, aa a token ot its neutrality,
the Swedish government resume
commercial and diplomatic relations with Russia, thefeby glaring
this country on a footing or equality with Poland.
Alaska Industrial Cnlon
J. L. Jor.ies, a former professor
In the Ketchikan High Sohool haa
been elected general secretary of
the Alaska Industrial Union. The
general headquarters has been
transferred to Petenburg, Alaska.
Vote to Carry On the
Fight for AU
lieavy gaa uteri In Vancouver
and Victoria are using ous* words
these daya In conneotlon with ihe
gas shortage. The strikers are still
standing pat and at a speolal meeting of the union held on Wednesday, the men voted 71 to II by
secret ballot tb catty on the fight.
Officers of the Street Railway
Employees Union endeavored to
talk the matter over with the com.
pany, on behalf of the striken, but
the company would not listen to
ihe proposal.
Mr. Murrin Informed some of the
strikers that some ot their places
were still open for them If they
cared to make application ,but he
assured them that he would not
take the "trouble makers" (meaning'the strike committee) back on
any consideration whatever.
There has not been a single desertion from the ranks of the 14
strikers from the Vlotoria plant
and the men have signified their
determination to get their demands
or quit the gas-making business for
There Is every Indication that
the company will soon be compelled to accept the terms of the men.
Much buainess Is being lost and
delayed by the shortage of gas and
theae Arms are bringing pressure
to bear o'n the company.
Where Is your union button?
WaU Street Disaster Was
Caused by Criminal
(By The Federated Preu)
New York—Failure by the pol
lice and federal authorities to follow up clues Indicating that the
Wall Btreet. disaster was caused by
criminal carelessness on the part
of the police themselves and the
explosive cpmpantee, marked the
first three dnys in the Investigation of the explosion whieh killed
16 pettons a'nd Injured 200.
* Stories Of eye-witnesses that they
had seen* red powder wagon bear
Ing the customary red flag up WaU
street Immediately before the detonation, have been brushed aside.
Instead, the detectives have taken
up the theory that the explosion
wu a crime by radicals. They
have refrained from Investigating
the books of the Du Pont de Nemours Company and other powder
concerns to learn whether or not
explosive* we»- being transported
Thursday ln the financial district.
These companies hav* denied having wagons In the district at the
time, bu^ this statement has not
been Investigated.
Likewise, the police permitted
spectators to pick up significant
pieces Of debris Immediately after
the explosion, thus allowing vital
elues to escape.
The theory that an enemy of J.
P. Morgan tried to blow up his
private bank Is weak In view of the
faet that all members of the Morgan firm were unhurt. Morgan
himself Ib in Europe, and the bank
building was widely known to be
Henry P. Davidson, one of Morgan's partners, was absent at the
time ef the explosion. The majority of victims were messengers and
Tenable theories are that the
disasters was perpetrated by a
homicidal maniac, or by criminal
disregard of the laws regirtating
transportation of explosive!*. The
first of these theories is strongly
borne out by the message of warning sent by Edward P. Fischer, who
was arrested Friday ln Hamilton,
Ont, and placed In an insane
asylum there.
New York's police are known'to
be lax In habitually permitting explosive wagons to go through the
flnanclal section without permits,
because of big construction jobs
being rushed there.
Chicago Unions Take
Drastic Step in "Open
Shop" Fight
Will Take Their Funds
Out of Capitalist
(By The Federated Press.)
Chicago—Una'nlmous decision hy
tha Chicago Federation of Labor1 to
transfer Its funds from local banks
to the Nonpartisan State Bank of
North Dakota Is viewed anxiously
by tha press here. The Chicago
Tribune sees disaster coming In the
wake of such action. Thlt Is the
new bank bf the Farmer-Labor
controlled atate.
When the rtsolution authorising
the transfer was being debated,
Secretary Edward Nockels of the
Labor Federation aald:
"Take your personal and union
funds out of local antagonistic
banks—even lf It meana a run on
those banks—and place them ln
the Bank of North Dakota. The
banks of the United States are
backing a nation-wide 'open shop'
flght against organised worker's,
"Tour' action In transferring
your money will do double duty—it
will help the farmers and workers of North Dakota In their flght
agalnat capitalism and the bank-
em syndicate that Is trying to
crush this flrst real attempt- to get
out from under- their stranglehold,, and at the'same time prevent
them from tieing yonr- own- money
to light you during.strikes."
President John Fltipatrlck of
the Chicago' Federation followed
Nockels, saying:
"If you don't want tp send your
money to North- Dakota you ought
In self-protection to take It out of
the local bank and place it In
safety deposit box. Tour money in
the banks, for which you get-8 or
4 per oent, is earning 10 and' 70 per
cent for your oppressors.
"Thla money Is used to Inflate
prices of necessities. This means!
starvation for children of workers
and meant that your own money la
turned Into blood money."
It It tald that there are 111,000,-
000 of union   money   in   Chicago
Bremerton,    Wtisb'.—The
theatre here, one of the ci
non-union houses operated
Jensen and Van Harberg Ini
has been compelled-  to   close
'doors for lack of union patrol
Musicians,  operators  and Jai
In the company's theatres thn
out the NottMrest are on strike? -
Slocan Striko Fund
.The following donations have
been received from the workers of
Sally mine, Beave-dell, B. C. for
the Slocan striko fund. Ben. Fred
berg, $5; A. L. Holmqulat, JS: Louis
Nordman, ft; Wm. Clarksou, |5; M.
W. Smith, (5; Paul Karpe, 15;
John Bralley, ti; it. Culsck, th;
John Larson, 16.
Women's Auxiliary, O. B. V.
The Women's Auxiliary (Vancouver) O.B.U. will meet ln the O.
B. V. Hall, Pender and Howe, Friday September 14, at i p.m,. Char,
les Lester' will address the meeting
All women invited.
A oo-op. social a'nd dance will
be held in the Cotillion Hall Friday,
October I. Auspices Women's Cooperative Guild.
Be sure to notify the post offlce
at toon aa you change your address,
Systematic persecution of Working
Class Officials Being Carried
on by Government.
(By The Federated Press^
Athens, Greece—A reign of terror hae been Instituted against
spokesmen of the working class.
Dlmltrabos, secretary of the Greek
Socialist party, has been arrested
for having published a manifesto
against Greece's Imperialistic designs upon Asia Minor.
Petsupolos, another veteran labor leader, was dragged before a
military tribunal for* having reproduced a French article which showed Greece up as the backbone of
near eutern reaction. Systematic
persecution Is being directed against
militant syndicalists, and their
libraries are being confiscated.
Hand the Fed. to your shop male
when you are through with It
The Chicago Tribune sees revolution coming close on the heels
of thla radical step by labor. It
la unable to visualise peaoeful
change of the nation's economic
'It capital falls," the Tribune
asserts, "factories will close, pay
rolls will be stopped, production
will cease, transportation will collapse, and hunger, sickness, and
mob rule will hold sway thus will
start the revolution of the proletariat"
Workers Are Getting Together in all Industrial Struggles    *
(By Max Worth, European Staff
Correspondent for The Federated Press).
London, England—"You see, it's
this way. The big fellows are out
to smash the unions and the unions are out to keep from getting
smashed. It's a big game!" With
his pipe In his teeth, and his forefinger punctuating his remarks/ a
British tar on one of the channel
steamers was lecturing a group of
passengers very much as- a tutor
talks to a small class of pupils. He
was 'neither embarrassed nor hurried. He talked quietly, but with
an immense conviction.
"Take this-row of the engineers,''
he went on. "There ls a non-union foreman In one of the shops.
It Is a ease of his getting out or
joining the union, and there Is no
other course. If we let down on
him, the shop will be full of blackleg! (strike-breakers) ln a month.
Over yonder at Southampton, there
has just been a strike among the
tram workers. One of the men waa
promised a six-day week.
"Well, when the seventh day
came. It was a bank holiday or
something. There was extra men
needed, on the cars and they told
him to stay on. He refused, and
took the day off. Then they sacked him, Of course all of the men
came out with him and stayed out
for ten days. He was reinstated
with half pay for all of the time
he had lost and the matter wan
settled all around.
"Then they have a strike on in
the Lyons restaurants. One girl
wore her union button to work and
got the sack, so all of the rest of
them came out In sympathy.
"We are getting together, a bit
at a time," ho added. "There are
five unions of the seamen now
that are all amalgamated."
He rose, k'nocked the ashes out
of his pipe, dismissed his class In
the elements of labor organisation.
and went below for orders.
derstood by tho adulence.
Like Comrade Harrington, 0'C<
nor declined to pose aa a pro]
The questions were numerous
Comrade Lestor speaks
Sunday, and aa. he ls shortly lea?-
tng for England, a large attendance
Is expected. Comrade Lestor1*
farewell sermon will be on "ftlf
Trump Card of the Slave."   •  :-
Will Deliver Farewell Ad-]
dress on Slave's Trump .
Card ; 4_
On Bunday last Tom O'Conn
dealt very ably with the "Evolution! grew at Portsmouth accepted by a
ot Bociety" The discoveries' by three million majority the principle
Lewis Morgan and ether anthrhpo- of a general staff tor labor. The
logistt were explained In a mannef Scheme, in itt present development,
that made the subject easily aak power In the hands of the general
British Trade Union Congress Representing
6,500,000 Workers
The British Trade'Union Con-
staff, but It Is hoped that when the
machinery ls set up additional authority will be given. It la being
attended by 960 delegatea represent
does not place strong eiecutive
Ing 6,500,000 workera. .
Meeting at a moment when the
coal miners' strike; notices have
been handed ln, when the employers ln the big Industries are threatening a general lockout, and when
Manchester, our second most Important newspaper olty, ls without
* Jt. It. TO HAVE DEBATES ^ „ ..._,„.
_     T.  .„ ¥.kj. ,_.——,'_M dally papers Owing to a strike, the
The Jtalor Labor J£w» Wg mtt.ntl€wT of the nation is naturally
hold a meeting on Friday octo* focaBed      Portlmouthi
I'-,?',«• n   *   ± i%, ZJrLl1    Indorsement of the miners' de-
hall, 148 Cordova street-west, ft, mand, „y th, e0IjgrMi MtMnly
1 disposes of the tales ln the capitalistic press of a split ln the labor
* movement on this issue. The temper) of the gathering was clearly
displayed. Settlement without a
strike Is desired, but labor Is determined to' keep Its powder dry.
On many minor questions, It was
noticeable that the delegates acted
independently of their officials.
: They were not always critical of
/these officials, but lt Was plain that
the latter could no longer count on
r, their blind support.
Lively passages occurred ln de
bate on the resolution that the con*
gress express Its   earliest   rcscnt-
8 p. m. j	
Six of the members will debtt|
the following.subject:   "ResoU
that, politics should be taught
the   schools.".   This Is the    ft.
oducational meeting of the wlnti
season, and the young people
expecting a good turn-out.
young    people    interested ln
league ace Invited to attend
of the meetings.
OM Country Delegate Is
Radical   Alongside
A. F. of L Man
Berlin—Porcelain money now
being used ln Germany as an enu
gency measure. To lift the moi
shortage, the government le col
Ing money in the porcelain **W!jL «- —*» —   *»..»==.,   ...mnt-
les. Modern designs for the colli ment and emphatic protest against
Were tho work of Paul Boerggthe refusal of the British Govern-
These designs Include the torn tnent to allow the Russian trade
commonly deed by .Socialist*mswig union delegates to proceed into
papers" a'nd the-scythe and hag Great Britain. Havelock Wilson
stack, the portent of which ls ef*
opposed the motion and denounced
a speech made in Us support by
Robert Williams.
Instantly the congress arose ln
an upr'oar. Smillie succeeded i'.i
.-quieting the storm with a strong
■(Speech In support of the resolution, and the motion was carried
-unanimously except for one opposing vote screamed by Wilson,
Patronize Fed. advertisers.-
Copenhagen^-Because °f the revolt tn Italy, no delegates from thr
metal trades' there oame here to
attend the congress of the International Federation of Metal workers, which convened for the first
time.since lt met In 1912 In Berlin.
Admission of delegates from Soviet
Russia wai authorised at the nnen-
Ing session..
Woodsworth to
Flnt Meeting of
Following the example of Winn
peg, there are a number of peo]
In Vancouver who desire to
some organization on the llnei
the  LaboiJ church  In  the  prat
J. S. Woodsworth, who has. had
wide experience in educational work
and who, through his connection
with the Winnipeg strike, has ber
come well-known to all the worker*
In Western Canada, has bec'n asked
to help organize this work in Vancouver. It Is entirely independent
from any other organisation. All
In sympathy with the alms, of
movement are Invited to associai
themselves with tt. *  -c -
The proposed movement has ai*
ready been officially attacked by
the Department of Labor in a recent pamphlet entitled "Information Respecting thc Russian Soviet
SyBtem and Its Propaganda lit
North America." Most labor people will consider this a high recommendation.
Next Sunday evening in Pender
Hall, Mr. Woodsworth will aiiswOr
the attack of Senator Robertson.
Where Is your Union button?
Government Funds Amounting tn
$87,500 to Be Used In America
on Film Production.
(By The Federated Press)
Washington—Work Is being rushed in a b!g eastern movie factory
on a film production of "Uncle Sam |
of Freedom Ridge," the fiction
story boosting the League of Nations which lately drew the flito
of Congressman Fred Britten hi
campaign expenditures Inquiry at
Britten revealed that thla story
was spread broadcast by the Western Newspaper Union "at the request of (to individual interested
In the League of Nations,". and
charged that 587,500 was being
spent in America by the Britlah
government to boost the Wilson
White Terror Has Lost Its
Courage to Railroad
Men to Jail
. (By the Federated Press.)
Superior, WW.—According to
special cable to the Finnish Daily
Tyomles, all the Imprisoned Finnish
left-Socialists, who formed the
new Socialist Labor party in Finland, have been acquitted. Whett
Finnish Left-Socialists decidod to
leave the old Social Democratic
party, their convention was brutally
dispersed by the police and the
delegates arrested. The official
cause for this act of the White
Terror, was that the new party decided to join the Third Internationale.
The arrested delegates were accused of # "trenson." Their cuse
created a sensation throughout
Europe. From all countries protests were sent. In the RursO'
Finnish peace conference thn Russian delegates protested against
thls.act, The caso was many tjmes
before the Supr'eme Court of Abo.
And as thc case had become of
International significance, "the Finnish White Terror did not have
courage lo Rive long prison terms
to tl'.<> accused aB first contemplated, and thereforo the Supremo
Court acquitted them all. .
Thousand* Joining New Movement
and    Speakers    Rscelvlrg
Trciiicudous Applause.
Seattle—A  trcme'ndous    ovation
was given thc speakers end candidates of the Farmer-Labor Party
at its initial    campaign    meeting
held In the    Seattle    Armory last
Friday evening.    The    place    waa
filled to capacity and some of the
old time radicals'  were    given
greater reception than at any time
tn the history of   tho    city.    The
movement throughout    the entire
state Is gaining thousands of mem
bers weekly, and there 1% no doubt
of the ascension  of  the  Farmer-
Labor party to power In the fall
Great Britain in Throes
of   Great   Changes
Says Davidson
(By Gordon Cascaden, Special Correspondent of The British Columbia Federatlonist.)
Windsor,   Ont.,   Sept.   19—That
tha American Federation of Labor
ls about the moit reactionary labor
organisation on the faoe of the
earth wai made evident to all who
listened to the fraternal addresses
at the convention of the Trades and
Labor Congress here.
Two speeches In particular may
be considered to show the truth of
this assertion. They are the fraternal addresses of D. J. Shea, representing the American Federation of Labor, and John E. Davidson, representing the British Trade
Union Congress.
Shea ls a nice fellow personally]
but tha personification of the junta
which numerically controls the
largest labor1 federation in North
America. He dresses immaculate
ly and might easily pass for i
banker or buainess man.
Davidson haa the determined
look of the.preacher* of discontent;
he looks'like an agitator—that ls
to the average resident of Canada
or the United States.
To a labor man in the British
Isles he would seem, well, some
what conservative.
Davidson Is a labor member of
the BrltlBh Parliament, and national
organized for the Iron Moulders'
of Great Britain. He opposes direct action and believes that labor
can obtain control through parliamentary action.
Yet his fraternal address and
also his reply following presentation to him of the customary gold
watch presented to each of thc
fraternal delegates from the British
Isles and the United States, were
the two most pronounced utterances of a convention conservative
tn the extreme.
Gather Full Fruits
"The Labor party of Great Bri'
tain says we'll gather the full
fruits of our Industry to ourselves
and not allow the capitalists to
have It," he said, In his fraternal
"I bring fraternal greetings of
the six million worker's who comprise the British Trado Union
movement with a hope that it will
Inspire the trade unionists of Canada," he declared In opening.
"I hope you'll meet not only with
(Continued on Page t)
New Union Headquarters
Is Redecorated With
Non-Union Labor
An explosion took place In the
ranks of organised labor laat week
when lt was discovered that the
new headquartera of the A. F. of
L. unions was being painted and
decorated by non-union labor. It
appears that the owners of the
Rlgg-Selman%Bulldlng, where the
halls are located, gave the oontract
for redecoratory to a firm that
makea a specialty of employing
non-union labor. Members of the
Palntera* Union are up In arms over
the affair and In **U probability
Will not uae the place for their
meetings. It Is expected that they
will uae the halts of the Federated
Labor Party who aro renting offices
and halls foi* union meetings.
Patronise Federatlonltt advertiser! and tell tham why you do eo.
When through wltn thlt paper,
pass it on.
SUNDAY, SEPT. 26th, 1920
AT 8 P.M.
Chairman, .1. OLAHKE
Do Not Want to Go to
France —Russia's.
(By the Federated Press)
Now York City—Fearing that
they would be sent to France, bitterest enemy of the soviet government, 100 refugee Russian boys
brought here from Siberia by the
American Red Cross, ran away
from the Fort Wadsworth military
reservation, and their escape was
not discovered for 20 minutes.
Armed guards and nurses gave
chase, and GO of the boys were
Those who got away are part
of the 780 boys and girls who were
taken' out of Petrograd during thc
throes of the revolution, and they
have been slowly enroute around
the world ever slvice.
Shortly before the escape, 400
of the refugees, between 14 and 19
years old, signed the following protest, addressed to the Red Cross:
"We declare to the American
Red Cross that we wtll not go to
France. We cannot go to a coun*
try which Is responsible for tht
fact that tens and hundreds of
thousands of Russia's population
have died and are dying by reason
of the blockade; war materials
sent by France to Poland have
caused the death and are st fli causing the death of hundreds and
thousands of Russia's youth.
"We cannot live In a country ln
which the Russian soldiers who
have shed their blood during several years on the western front In
the Interests of France, Interests
foreign to those of Russia, were
either shot by the Fr'ench or aent
by them to forced labor In Africa.
"If the American Red Cross has
not yet realized the fact that
among us (here ls a numerous
conscious element, then by- this
protest we call attention to this
fact and demand that we be sent to
Tetrogrod  Instead of France."
While the 50.. captured runaways were being taken back to
the fort in patrol wagons, they
spat In the faces of the policemen
and nurses, and declared they
never would go to France Thoy
do not know whether their pnrents
are alive or dead, and are straining to get home to Petrograd to
find out.
Winnipeg Central Labor
Council Gives Lie to
Wild Statements
Tht Winnipeg Central Labor
Oounoil, O. B. U. In answer to the
wild statements made by delegates
at the Trades Congress convention
at Windsor, sent the following letter to the Manitoba Free Press.
The letter Is self explanatory:
The Editor, Manitoba Free Press,
Winnipeg Sir,—In your Issue of
Thursday, September 1«, you feature a dispatch from Windsor, containing an alleged statement by K.
Robinson of Winnipeg, made on
the floor of the Dominion Trades
and Labor Congress, to the effect
thai the O. B. U. waa desirous of
keeping R B. Russell In Jail, In the
belief that It was In the best In-
terests of the organisation,' as It
would help to secure new mem
be*. He ls also credited with the
statement that "after overtures
were made to Russell by Interna
tional representatives, with a view
to securing his release, the O. B,
U. hastened to assure Russell that
after his release he would be' "used*1
by the O. B. V. to further Its campaign." Also according to Robinson, Mrs. Russell hat been approached by the O. B. U. relative
to ber husband's release, and she
had been Informed by them that
his captivity was the best thing for
the O B. U., etc., etc.
Now, although the actions anil
statements of the International ofll
clais have been of a particularly
malicious and lying character of
late, we were scarcely prepared for
such a barefaced, totally unsup-
portable statement as this.
The O. B. U. has used every
effort possible to effect the release
of Comrade Russell, and their
efforts havt been nullified by the
action of the Internationals In expressing agreement with the porl-
tlon of the crown prosecutor and
proclaiming him guilty of endeavoring to establish a soviet.
Wc wish to make an unqualified
denial of all Robinson's typically
malicious statements, and to state
that the O. B. If. does not seek or
expect to build up its movement by
the martyrdom of Its membership.
The man Is a fool who, knowing
Russell, will state that we would
sooner have him In jail than work-
Ins for the O. B. U. Equnlly foolish Is the stntenumt that we hastened to assure Russell that on his
release ho would lie "used" to further the Interacts or the O. B. U.
The ability of Russell and his previous work in the movement, renders the statement ridiculously
superflous. With the rest of his
statement In reference to Mrs. Rus.
sell, It Is too absurd to wasle time
upon. We are content to leave the
further handling of Robinson to
Comrade Russell himself, when the
International officers and their
satellites give their concent to his
W. H. C. Logan.
F.  Woodward,
Winnipeg, Man., Sept. 18, 1920.
Chrlstlanla, Norway — Delayed
advices from Moscow say that
John Reed was elected by the convention of tho Third International
to represent the United States on
the executive committee of that
Reactionaries All Join in
Chorus Against the
Fear 0. B. U. More That
the Catholic
Windsor, Ont., Sept. 19.r~Follow.
Ins frantic appeals from the lnslg-
nlflcant number of western delegates and officials of International
Unloni beselged by the One Bit
Union, Trades and Labor Congresa
at lti convention here decided ,tp
hold best year'i meeting of the
government's pet labor movement
ln Winnipeg. French "Canadian
and other delegates, from Quebec
Province,*who are feeling opposl- 3
tlon of the National Catholic Unions implored the eonvention to
select Montreal, but the majority
of delegates considered the One Big
Union the most menacing.
Winnipeg got 266 votes as against
139 polled for' Montreal.
"We are hard set by the Catholio
Syndicates," said a French-Canadian delegate who made the motion that Montreal get the next
mee-lng. At least 60 French speaking delegates backed him up.
A Montreal- man alao, made a
motion that the congress go to Win*
nipeg. He is J. A. McClelland, organizer for the International Association of Machinists, and delegate from the Montreal Machinist*
Lodge, No. 111.
Should Go Weet
In placing this particular city In
nomination, he declared: "Let me
tell you that If ever there waa &
time In the history of the trades
and Labor Congress of Canada that
It should go west, this is the time."
The thin line of western delegates, twenty-four of them from
points west of the Qreat Lakes,
white 604 represented points east
of Port Arthur and Fort William,
started some applause at-this Juncture.
"We have In Canada at the present time, a small body of men
standing guard over the International labor movement," McClelland continued, "and they have
been beselged by one of the greatest movements to disrupt the International labor movement' ever experienced, but If you aid them you
will show you have the interest of
the labor movement outalde of .
Eastern Canada they want you to
come-and assist them hi building
up a movement againat which you
were so proud.
- "We hope Montreal will realise
the tremendous Importance ln
adding to the stability of our movement in Western Canada by favoring Winnipeg.
"fake it from me as an Irish
Roman Catholic, that we want
every man In the eaat to get back
of Montreal as next year'i convention city because we are certainly
beset with enemies," Implored
Delegate Lynch of Montreal. "Doctors differ', but patients alwaya die,
and we must meet ln Montreal If
we are to overcome that disease
which la prevalent fn our midst."
"I favor the city of Winnipeg as
the 1921 convention elty,". said
Elmer' E. Roper of Edmonton,
delegate from the Alberta Federation of Labor.
It would bc a good thing for the
organisation all over Canada. Men
who have upheld the International
cause In that part of the Dominion are subject to a campaign of
libel and villification ln the labor
movement as no body of men In
Canada were ever subjected to before.
(Continued on page I)
Put a one-cent stamp on
pancr and mall It to a friend,
New Labor Dally Put's Ban on Ads.
Bearing Above Quotation.
Oklahoma City, Okla.™The following paragraph precedes thc For
Rent column In the Oklahoma
Leader, the new labor dally:
"The Leader classified department has been receiving many calls
for tlie Insertion of advertisements
under the heading of Houses und
Rooms for Rent, in which the advertiser has Invariably Included In
his copy the words: 'No children
ill lowed.'
'Wc are building up our classl
tied page, nnd want all the business
we can get, hut under no conditio1.!
will wc accept any advertisement
which excludes children from the
right to live If you wish to rent
your house or rooms through the
Leader columns, do not ask us at
any time to print the words 'No
Children Allowed."*
Industrial Dispute Taking
Place in Coal Fields of
B. C. and Alberta
The following communication
has been forwarded to the Federatlonist for publication, Make It as
public as possible by putting It up
In places where it can be read by
September 17, 1920,
To Transient Wage workers In Cant
ada and U. S .A.    Fellow-workers:
There Is an Industrial dispute
taking place In the Coal Fields of
Alberta and Southeastern British
Columbia (formerly known aa District 18, U. M. W. of A.), and coal
miners and others are therefore
requested to keep away.
if you wish to help the minera
here, do your bit by keeping away
from this district, thereby permitting thu workers to wage thelr'fight
against the enforced check-off of
the U. M. W. of A., and Intolerable
conditions existing In this district,
Thc larger the surplus of labor
In Alberta, the greater will be the
mine owner's resistance to work-,
ers' demands. Do not be misted by
statements In the capitalistic press
to the effect that there Is no trouble
In this district. A strike may be
colled at any time.
Even you can co-operate in thla
struggle if yuu will keep away from
this district.
District  Secretary  District  No   1.
Coal Mining Section O. B. U.   ~
• ■ ■■■—---■ PAOB TWO
twelfth tear, no. ii    THB BRITISH COLUMBIA FBfiBBAflONI8T    tamoonvim, B. tt
fATdAi September 16,
Natural Wool
Watson's heavy natural wool spring needle ribbed Combinations, to sell Saturday at    $4.85
100 dozen Black English Cashmere Finish Socks, a regular
65c value; 3 pairs for _ ....$1.45
Finest Fot Roasti, from, lb . 1>«
Finest Ona Roasts, from, lb ....20«
Finest Boiling Beef, from, lb 17e
On Friday and Saturdar ve will'
sell oar Finest Boneless Rolled
Roasts; any slse of roasts cat;
rog. SSe lb. Friday and Saturday, lb  _. file
Slater'a Siloed Streaky Baooa, tt 60S
Slater's Siloed Streaky Baoon, lb 68e
Sister's Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb. 60s
Slater'a Sliced Ayrshire Bacon, lb 48e
Slater'a Sliced Ayrshire Bacon, lb BOS
Finest Canterbury Lamb Stew, Ib. 8Bs
Finest   Canterbury   Lamb   Shoulders,
per lb     2ty_a
Finest  Canterbury  Lamb  Loins,   par
lb  .SSfte
Finest Canterbury Lamb Legs, lb, 380
We will sell oa Saturday onr famons Ayrshire Bacon, very mild
eai excellent for frying. Ref.
0Oe lb. Special Saturday,
sliced,  Ib.   SOc
Freah   Perk   Shoulders   weighing
from 5 to 7 lbs.; reg. 38c lb.
Friday and Saturday, tt....32Vie
Middle cats of Pork; excellent for
routing, only, lb. _. 37Vi§
On Saturday wa will sell our famous
Sugar Cured Boneless Pionio Hams.
Reg. -B%s lb,   Saturday only, per
lb. at SBVie
Remember yom era not paying for
Seeded Raisins, pkt..
Finest. Currants, pkt.  2Se
Finest l'ear Barley, 3 lba. for. .28e
B. A K. Split Paas, 3 tta. for .B6e
Finest White Beans, I lbs, for. SSe
Finest White Sago, > lbi. for .Me
On Saturday we will sell ont fern*
ons Lard Compound in bulk, reg.
80a lb. Saturday only, from 8
a.m. to II a.m. Speolal, lb. SSo
8 lbs. for ™™.„ _ .7Se
Snowflaka Pastry Floor in 10 tt.
seeks, while they laat. ..7t0
Oer finest Creamery Batter on sale
Saturday morning from 8 a.ra. to 11
a.m.   Reg. OSelb.   Speeial, tt. SSe
Finest Canadian Cheese, tt. ..._~..SIf
Slater's Red Ubel Toe, tt 4Be
Slater's Owen Label Tea, tt 8te
Slater's Blue Label Tae, tt lie
Slater's fn* Ground Cofw. tt....Me
Kabob Rait Tne, ft... .We
Kabob But Ooffta, ft TM
Alberta Frnk Eggs, dosen ....ISo
Om Ml* on Saturday morning while
they laat. Reg. SSo. Spectel,
por ft siy.o
IN Hastlngi B.      Phone Sir. SMI
ISO OranrUU It      Phini Uy. IM
IMS Mela flt Pheni Mi. Ull
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
Diy Ooodi, Owls' Famishing*
factory oiianiMl under "United dement Woiktn of America"
DR. BRETT ANDERSON, formerly membor of th, faculty
of tta, College of Dmtlttrr. Unlv«r«lty of South,™ California; lecturer on orown and bridge work, deifionstra-
tor In plate-work nnd operative dentistry; looal and general
It will pay you well to
have your teeth examined
by an expert
No peraon can afford to neglect their teeth at thli
season of the year.
If there le the leaat defect lt la liable to develop thla
weather, and reeult ln a dlaeaeed nerve, an abscessed
root or other trouble which will make life miserable
for you,
X littlo work now and that defect can be remedied
—you'll ba safe fron pain, Inconvenience and expenae.
I am at your service. Phone Seymour 3331, and
rtake an appointment
Uy charges for overy
form of dental work are
very reasonable. Estimates of cost f Iven after examination.
Open Tnoaday ud Friday evenings.
Information Respiting Russian
Soviet System and Its Alleged
Propaganda in North America
(By L  Martens, Representative of
tha Russian Socialist Federal
Soviet Republic)
Upon tha request of the
Educational Press Association
of Montreal, Mr. L. MartenU,
representative of Soviet Russia,
has written a reply to the
charges contained tn the pamphlet recently Issued by the Department of Labor at Ottawa,
In regard to Bolshvlst propaganda alleged to have been
circulated ln North America by
Soviet agents. The following
la tha full text of Mr. Mat-
tens' answer:
called to a pamphlet entitled "Information I Respecting the Russian Soviet System
and Its Propaganda in North
America," published under date of
August, 1920, and bearing the imprint of the Canadian Department
of Labor.
In view of the interest manifested by the Canadian Government,
and by many Canadian citizens, In
the negotiations which I have Initiated for the re-establishment of
commercial relations between the
Dominion of Canada and Soviet
Russia, I cannot ignore the references to my government and myself contained ln this pamphlet.
The appreciation with which my
mission has been received ln Canada compels me to speak frankly
regarding a publication which Is
apparently authorized by a bra'.ich
of the Canadian Oovernment, and
which contains gr'oss mie-state-
ments of fact and the most unwarranted insinuations regarding my
government and myself.
Attack on Socialism
Although the pamphlet purports
te deal with the "Russian Soviet
Syatem," it is in fact a general attack upon the whole international
Socialist movement. Conditions ln
Soviet Russia and the actions and
alms of the Soviet Republic are
flagrantly misrepresented for the
obvious purpose of discrediting the
Socialist movement in general. This
purpose Is -apparent on every page,
Almost at the beginning the writer
departs from his pretense of Investigating Soviet Russia to warn his
readers that "the people of Canada
do not as a whole fully appreciate
the gravity of the socialist revolutionary movement" ln Canada.
(Page I.) Drawing a grotesquely
distorted picture of' conditions ln
Soviet Russia, tbe author pretends
to And in this "the utter failure of
socialistic ideals." (Page 10.) And
thus attributing all of Russia's preaent difficulties, real and imagined,
to socialism, the next step ts to attribute the growth of socialism
everywhere else to the Influence of
Soviet Russia. The antl-soclallst
propagandists who never tire of
employing these arguments, always
appear unconscious of the silly Illogicality of their own reasoning.
tto, in tha' familiar fashion, the
author of this -pamphlet, sees In
every phase of the socialist movement In Canada the operation of a
vast propaganda system directed
from Moscow. To be sure, he Is
unable to produee the slightest evidence of the existence of any such
propaganda, but contents himself
with an attempt te mislead and
frelghten the Innocent reader with
many mysterious hints and Insinuations. Solemnly inquiring "what
Is the cause and purpose of the
active socialist propaganda ln North
America?" he proceeds to a discussion of my bureau in New Tork,
hinting the while at aome sinister
chain of connection between myself
and the Canadian Socialist movement. It makes no difference that
ne sueh connection exists and that
the pamphleteer la unable to show
any; it is sufflclent apparently for
propagandists of this nature to
mention two utterly unrelated
things In the same pagagraph, In
I am different from all others, because I not only read yoar Ufe, bat
also help you oat of your troubles.
What good woald It do you simply to
be told you have a rival or an enemy
In yoar path unless you were told how
to overcome them! I am able to point
out the pith of success and happinfM.
Office hours, 10 a.m. to 8 p.m.
Stanley Steam
Taxi Go.
(Old tlm. Lumberjack)
Prompt Service Pin, Car
SM Abbott St.     Vancouver
Phone Sey. 8877-8878
Saturday SHOE Specials
Six Values That Will Actually Save Dollars
MEN'S $11.00 Dress Shoes, in Black and Brown, at	
LADIES' $11.00 Brown Kid, 9-in. Boot, Cuban Heel, at	
GIRLS' Black Calf, Sizes 2-/_ to 5, at
MISSES' Brown and Black Kor Ker, 11 to 2, at
Boys' Black Calf School Shoes, 1 to 6, at
CHILDS', Sizes up to 9ya Black .and Brown, at
Bring yonr repairs and
linvo thom put In good
shape for the wet
the hope that the gullible may. be
misled Into seeing some connection
whieh exists only in the fevered'
mind of the writer. In their unaffected dr'ead of socialist propaganda, these ardent plot-hunters
and witch burners never seem to
discover the one faot which should
really be more terrifying to them
than all the mysterious intrigues
which, they profess to discover;
namely, that the socialist movement grows everywhere upon the
fertile soil prepared for It by the
decay of capitalism and needs no
artificial preparation or stimulus
from the outside. Thus the anonymous writer sponsored by the Canadian Department of Labor attempts
to oredit me with the authorship
of every phase of ,the socialist
movement ln Canada. His purpose
is flattering, but scarcely credible.
Among the "various organisations
In Canada • * • • spreading
socialistic propaganda,"'he enumerates "The Socialist Party of Canada, the International Bible Students, the One Big Unton, the. Labor Church, the Finn Socialist group,
the Anarchist Communists," and
eleven other miscellaneous organizations. The pamphlet would have
you bolieve that all these organizations have been organized a'nd
promoted by myself acting under
instructions from the Soviet government.
- It Is not necessary for1 me to defend the SociaUst party of Canada,
or any branch of the socialist movement, from such misrepresentation
and attacks as are contained to
this pamphlet. I desire, however,
to point out a few of the more obvious mis-statements of fact regarding the Russian people, the
Russian Soviet Republic, and myself.
Amazing  Interpretation*.
The author1 of the pamphlet
plunges into his subject with an
amazing Interpretation of history.
"By reason of German duplicity
and intrigue" he writes, "the Russian people were betrayed, the last
vestige of confidence in their rulers
waa dissipated, and, in March, 1917,
the overthrow of the dynasty and
government of the Romanoff Czars;
was accomplished."    (Page S.)'1
The meaning qf this remarkal
passage Is quite dear when takfen
with the context In whloh the writer speaks of the Russian Revolu
tlon as the "most pathetic of
national tragedies," which befell1 a
people "Incompetent" for self-government. It is plain that he Regards the overthrow of the Roman*,
off dynasty as a regrettable infclr
dent, due to "German intrigue Ahfl
duplicity." What compi-'ehenslonioif
the Russian Revolution can We
expect frofi one who takes this
view of the first step in that gseajt
social movement? m j
The temperament and Intelligence of the author Is even more
exposed ln his description of
the Russian people as "generally Illiterate and Incompetent to govern_ themselves."
(Page I.) I am amazed to flnd
such a sentiment in an official publication of a government professing
belief ln the Institutions and ideals
of popular self-government. And
yet the remainder of the quoted
passage, clearly shows that the
writer believes the Russian people
to have been better off unQer the
ancient tyranny of the Czars.
The easy assumption that the
Russian people are "generally Illiterate" is characteristic of the
"Information" contained in this
pamphlet. As a matter of statistics, It Is a fact that in 1917 more
than two-thirds of the male population between the ages of 30 and
60 In the incorporated cities and
towns of European Russia could
I'ead; likewise more than one-half
of the female population between
the ages of 30 and 60 oould read.
The percentage of literacy In-the
rural districts was lower, and yet
even there two-fifths ot the active
male population could read. To be
sure, these figures show a degree of
Illiteracy, Inherited from the dark
oppression of Czarism, which the
Soviet Government is taking the
most energetic measures to overcome nevertheless they certainly
do not-warrnnt a charge of Incompetency against the Russian people because of "general Illiteracy."
Cruel Untruth. "
From what has gone before wc
nro suITlciently prepared for the
writer's characterization of the
Soviet regime as "a couple of years
of profligate living and wastefulness
by those who suddenly acquired
wealth by confiscation, and who
were without desire or ability to
use lt wlaely." (Page 4.) This lie
Is uttered without the slightest pretense of justification and is totally
unsupported by evidence. There
eould be no more cruel untruth
than to describe as "profligate and
wasteful" the existence of the Russian people and the leaders of the
Soviot governmont during the past
two years in vtfhich they have suffered every privation and hardship
that could be Imposed by a ruthief's
blockade and by Invasion and foreign attack from every quarter.
Desiring to paint his untruthful
pioture of conditions ln Soviet Russia with a semblance of authenticity, the writer refers to the "many
men and women" who have come
out of Russia and have given evidence "pertaining to conditions
there." (Page 5.) Characteristically, however, he refrains from
even the slightest reference to the
reports of many investigators, Engliah labor leaders, Journalists and
others, which completely refute
this picture. He refers to statements by Messrs. Ben Turner and
Tom Shaw; but he completely
Ignores the report of the labor delegation of whloh these men were
members, which demanded ln the
most energetic terms the lifting of
the blockade against Soviet Russia
and the cessation of foreign intervention, holding these responsible
for the sufferings of the Russian
people. He makes no reference to
the separate reports of other members of the British tabor delegation.
To cite Messrs. Turner and Shaw,
and to ignore the official findings
of their delegation and to pass
over the reports of the other In-
vestiaatlnfl: delegates, reveals a de
liberate purpoie on the part of the
author of the pamphlet to suppress
all facte regarding Soviet Russia
whloh are not useful te hts prejudiced argument
Passing over all witnesses unfavorable to hit case, the pamphlet
writer calls up "Miss Emma Goldman, the famous anarchist, who
• • ♦ • has definitely repudiated Bolshevism." (Page 6.) Such
a statement of cour'se, oan only
have been made out of deliberate
Intention to deceive, or else from
total Ignorance of even the simplest
facts of modern political and social
movements. Mill Goldman did not
repudiate Bolshevism and could
not have done so. Miss Goldman
never was a Bolshevist'and never
subscribed to the Communist
theory. Mis Goldman ls an anarchist, and as euch is naturally a
critic of much contained ln Communist theory and practice.
Another JAo Exposed.
From Emma Goldman the writer
passes on to the London .Times In
search of support. He reproduces
from the Times an anonymous document purporting to have come
frj>m a "member of the Council of
People's Economy." (Page 6.)
The Times is scarcely a tellable
source of Information on affairs
in Soviet Russia, and this wholly
unauthentloated dooument would
be open to grave suspicion even
did It not contain within itself evidence of being either a deliberate
forgery or a clumsily garbled mistranslation. One sentence ln this
alleged document Is sufflclent to expose its character: "Experts predict that by August, 1920, all rait-
way communication will have come
to a standstill." (Page 6.) It is
now September, 1920, and railway
communication, far ftom coming
to a standstill, Is still sufficient to
move and suply the great Russian
armies operating successfully or
the Polish and Crimean fronts, and,
i'a addition, to maintain regular
train service to eonvey the rapidly
Increasing volume of commercial
trafflc from the Baltic ports to the
Interior of Russia. Other descriptions of conditions within Soviet
Russia, equally pessimistic, may be
taken ts equally inaccurate.
Overlooking no opportunity to
excite false prejudice agalnit Soviet
Russia, the writer casually remark!
.that "lt may be recalled that the
Russian Soviet Republic In lti eon.
ztltufion adopted In 1917 repudiated
all forme of religion." (Page 1?.)
This ii untrue. The writer must
'have known it to be untrue, if he
had ever read the constitution of
the Soviet Republic. The constitution did not "repudiate" any form
of r'ellglon. On the contrary, it
merely separated Church from
State, and for the first time In the
'history of Russia made provision
ifor the free profession ef every
iform of religion.
I am introduced to the readen of
£he pamphlet as "the self-announced representative in the United
States of the Soviet regime." (Puge
3.) This Is a wholly gratuitous
misrepresentation of my official
status, which Is not "self-announced," but which rests, as the
pamphlet itself statei, upon "credentials issued by the Peoples' Com.
njiasar of Foreign Affairs of the
Russian Socialist Federal Soviet Republic, from Moscow, under* date
of January t, 1919, and sealed with
the official leal of the Commissariat."  (Page S.)
It appears that my credentials do
not please the pamphleteer: "The
credentials of Mr. Martens, the accredited representative of the Soviet
Republic to the United Statei did
not warr'ant his assumption of diplomatic privileges." (Page 10.)
Why not? 'My credentials are sealed arid endorsed by the commls-
carlat of Foreign Affairs of the
Soviet Republic. Thoy are quite as
valid and worthy of credence as
the credentials carried by my colleagues, Messrs. Krassln and Kam-
enoff, and honored by the government of Great Britain,
But there Is still a further complaint: "He never presented himself at the State Department or
sought the usual audience with the
Secretary of State." (Page 10.) I
do not know whaLpreolse etiquette
on propaganda work in America.'
(Page 11.) This Is a distortion of
fact. The evidenoe showed that I
established my bureau in New York
for the purpose of promoting commercial and polltloal relations between the United Statei and Soviet
Russia.* Communication with ray
Government wae essential and subsidiary to this purpose; my "propaganda" work, whloh X have
never concealed, hai been devoted
solely to efforta to inform the
American people concerning conditions la Soviet Russia nnd the real
nature of the Soviet government,
and had ai lti only purpose the
promotion of thoie friendly relations whieh were the objeeti of my
"Largo sums of money," states
the pamphlet* (page 11), were
brought over by my couriers. If
the author were actually deriving
his information from my testimony
before the Foreign Relations Committee of the United States Senate,
he might have been more explicit.
He might have stated that th* total
of the money I had received for
the support of my bureau was, as
I testified, about (150,000. Out ef
this amount, I maintained my ofllce
in New Tork, employing a staff of
about thirty persons (not "eight",
as the pamphlet■ states) and published a weekly magazine. So much
for the "large sums" whloh this
writer credits to my account A
simple reckoning will show that
the expenses of maintaining my'
bureau consumed all the funds at
my disposal. Moreover, In all the
several Investigations which have
been made into my activities by
various official bodies In tho United
States no evidence has ever been
introduced to show any expenditure of funds by me for any Improper purpose.
Never Sent Repot
There Is introduced into the
pamphlet an Incomplete excerpt
from the report of the United
States Senate Committee ln whloh
lt is stated that "a report alleged
to have been sent by Marteni   *
* * spoke of Martens' agents
being "busy In the Western States
and tn Canada * • • ." (Page
12.) In publlo hearing X emphatically denied ever having lent any
such report. Moreover, although
I repeatedly called for the produotlon of this alleged report, as the
record of the hearings will ihow,
no iuch dooument wu ever introduced Into evidence. No evidence
even of the existence of any suoh
document was ever Introduced. Nor
was any evidence submitted of the
existence of any such alleged agents
of mine In Canada.
In spite of theie facts, which are
all a matter1 of public record, the
pamphlet does not hesitate to say
that "It Is .apparent from the foregoing report see* that hli
propaganda Included Canada
well as the United Statei." The
only reference to Canada in the
quoted report Is that to whieh 1
have referred above; tn alleged
passage from a document, the authenticity of which I absolutely
deny, and which, despite repeated
requests, was never Introduced
into evidence ln order that I might
have an opportunity to examine
and expose Its spurious character.
The author of the pamphlet, however, Intent upon crediting me with
activities to which I never' aspired,
seems to find some further mysterious significance ln the fact that
the New York Calt had a correspondent ln Winnipeg and that "United
Stntes currency In $80 denominations was quite extensively circulated In Winnipeg In May, 1919."
the author of the^mmphlet would
have prescribed for me, or what
he would have done himself under
similar circumstances. The facts,
however, which ho falls to state,
are that on Mar'ch lit, 1919, I forwarded my credentials to the Secretary of State of the Unltod States,
together with a memorandum in
which I set forth thc desire of my
government to enter Into friendly
political and economic relations
with the United States, and requested an Interview to discuss the
details of this proposal. My communication to the Secretary of
State was.never acknowledged, nor
were any of my several subsequent
communications. In spite of these
facts, which must have been well
known to the writer, If he paid any
attention to the testimony from
which ho pretends io be deriving
his information, he charges me with
further Irregularity on the
ground that I "never communicated
with the War Trade Board or any
other departments of the United
States Government respecting
tr'ode." (Page 110.) Thli li untrue. As the diplomatic representative of the Soviet Republic, tt woe
my duty to have my credentials
acknowledged by the Department
of State before entering into negotiations with any other branch of
the American Government. I did
communicate with the Department
of State respecting the desire of my
government to establish commercial relations wtth 'the United
States. I submitted a lengthy
memorandum to the State Department on that very subject.
Distortion of Facte
From this point * forward the
pamphlet launqjies into a series of
unrestrained misrepresentations
concerning my activities and the
work of my bureau In New York.
"Documentary evidence," alleges
the writer, without troubling to
produce any documents, "Indicate
that a bureau had been organised
In the oity of New York for the
purpose of establishing communications with Russia, and carrying;
A Complete Showing
of the New Fall Styles
the largest and best display
that wiU be shown in Vanconver this season
Whil. many merchant! laid In creatl? reduce* stook*, tha Fa-
mom b.11.vol lta duty to lta patron, demanded tk* offering et tb,
tulleat rang* of taa belt la th* market.
See our display—you'll understand
Aa uiual—everything at reasonable prloea
hasting; st. w
Near OiUTlUt
Phone.: Sey. 4t»2, F.lr. 1S0TT
KeLbllokod   191,
Rapid Method Muic Studio
342 Pindar at. W., Ou. Hom.rP.n4ir
Principal,   OSCAR MOBFEY
Expert Teacher,  and Trafnera
$2.00 Expert
Piano Tuning
Repairs and Adjusting Work
Sey. 4182 Fair. 180TY
X-RAYS Locate Ilk
al tk.
Teacher -of Drugloi, Healing
Por th. treatment Dl non-eentaglou.
chronic AilBiente by Natural Method..
The  allnl.  la   aupperled   by   Voluntary
oeo. hoan:   10-12, aad by appointment,
Pb.a. aer. iwt
(Page 15). Thii descend! t* th*
The Ndw Tork Call la not my
"chief publicity medium" (pp. II,
17), nor doei the writer of' th*
pamphlet endeavor to eltabllih nny
pro*f of this atatement beyond Its
mere assertion. Aa for th* |G0 bills
In Winnipeg, th* writer admit* that
these are "recalled" to hli mind
merely by hla own reference to the
"largo sums" brought over by my
couriers. Thia la too far-fetched
for discussion.
The wildest flight of the writer'*
fancy, however, occurs In the following passage:
"Scores of documents and incidents could be quoted in evidenoe
to prov* the close connection existing between Marten's Soviet
Bureau ln New York and O. B. U.
leaders In Canada. A few will
doubtlesa suffice;"    (Page 16).
Flagrant Untruth
Thla Is a most flagrant untruth.
In spite of his easy assurance, the
author of the pamphlet does Dot
substantiate his statement by the
Introduction of even a single
"document" or "incident" showing
any conneotlon between my Bureau
and th* ^. B. U. Ke refer* vaguely
ts "appeal! directed to all O. B, U.
ttnita ln Canada to contribute to a
fund for aandlng medical .sentence
to Soviet Russia" (page 11). The
Implication Is that sueh appeals
have been aent by my. Bureau, although the writer carefully refrains from stating this dlreotly If
true, lt would not be a very sinister
(Continued on pag* 4)
Make Your Old Suit
Look Like New--Cut
Your Tailor Bill is Two
We Clean, Press, Repair
i Prompt Work—Bight Prlcea
Second-hand doth** ■oight
and gold
RAY, Cleaner
Soymour 186T-
Less Than
riret-clasi Kip* Ontario Cheese, per lb II
Butter, Government
Creamery, extra quality, per lb _ II
Malkln'a Tea, 1,606 Ibl
to clear, per lb 66
Coffee, extra good, fresh
roasted, per Ib 61
St.  Charles  Milk, lai'gk
oan, per can ' ,11
per case  |T.I6
Shreaded Wheat „.   ,11
Corn   Flake.  u
Crisco, I lbs   | 1.66
Reindeer, condensed, per
can II
Eagle,   oondensed,   per
can tl
Pacific and Maple, large,
I for  II
Ramsay Cocoa, per can.    .16
Fresh Prunes, lb      ,1
Peaches, fineat  Alberta
freestone  11.65
Oood eating and cooking
■ Apples, 4 lbs 16
Potatoes, 10 lbs 1   .16
Onions, 8 lbs to
Soap, 8 bars II
Toilet Paper, large, 4 for   .11
The Home of Quality
Seymonr 1366
Phon. Seymour T1S9     _
Ttlri Tton, World BaiUlag, Tea>
eonver, B. 0.
Guaranteed Coal
If our ooal is not satii-
fectory to you, aftor you
havo thoroughly triod "it
out, we will remove what
eoal it left and charge you
nothing for what you hare
Tou to be tke sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
MOBM Seymou UUulIN
Greateat Stock of
In Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
bi maa tou aat
wat* tou aas. rem
aod Von-aleohoUe wlu* tf M
b Economical. Th* Coupons which
k carries..r*do.mabl* for niefef
•*iele...ar»afu»tk*r*conoi»y.   ,
Thli isason we ar* batter prepared than ever to take oar*
of football players.
High-grade English Jerseys In many eolora and designs.
A splendid stock to ohooie from.
Be sure to see the new Improved McOngor Boot.' This
boot is a winner. All sizes in stock,
From the best Bngllsh makers, Including th* genuine aU-
Oregor, the finest ball made.
After a d&y's labor
than a
OP THB 0. B. V.
$2.50 PER YEAR
Lumber and Camp Workers
—Industrial Unit News—
Camp Reports
Tia Sointula, Guyllnc lUvers lag
The eamp, lf auch lt can be called, li situated about 30 feet from
high tide, and when the tide 1b out,
which occurs twice In 24 houri, one
would wish that the human animal
was minus the sense of smell.
The bay In front of the camp Is
carpeted with about one foot of
mud, tin cans an'd broken bottles,
and If the men working In camp
feel like having a tittle exerolse on
Sundays, he can walk In the mud,
whloh would be ridiculous or take
to a lorged-off swamp, but In preference they go straight up.
The architecture of the building
ts of the dog box period; and of a
similar strength and warmth as an
orange box. The bunk houses are
furnished with double bunks, and
the mattresses are of the type that
should be in some museum of ancient methods of production that
show what the present day mattress has developed from. The kitchen Is a sad subject to mention,
but duty calls and I will proceed.
Knives and fortes that date from
the early days of the production of
•heap cutlery ln Sheffield, cups and
saucers and dish up utensils, which
were once enamel ware, but some of
It Is denuded of Its clothes, and appears without a blush In Its Iron
nakedness. Dish' up table of wood,
sink ls a baby's bath tub, drainer
leaks, stove on the bum, oilcloth on
the tables worn out and If you have
■mall feet you are liable to fall
through the space between the
flooring; dining room, kitchen and
sleeping quarters under one roof;
no walks between bunk houses and
kitchen, Just run, a chance of
breaking a limb. Speaking of accidents, there is no flrst aid man,
but there Is a receptacle that once
contained a flrst aid equipment, but
Is now practically empty, not even
Toilet is of the following description: Four posts ,a cross piece; it
has a roof, but the sides, back and
front are open to the world; no disinfectants, and the trail from the
bunk houses ls of the winding variety, and full of pitfalls ln the shape
of swamp holes, which have a few
poles thrown down in order to cross
The vicinity of the camp ls in
such a filthy condition that I think
that Is the reason they do not keep
pigs,, or else we answer the purpose.
Tkis camp has not developed to
the state of having a bath house,
dry room or blankets, and as far as
can be seen never will, as, they are
too cheap. Their rigging proves
this, as they are most of the time
down to one choker.
We have had for company, one
of the finest specimens of the petty
exploiters in this camp for a number of days, he ls one of the owners, his particular function in the
production of logs, is to sit ln the
bunk house and play solitaire, and
Incidentally wonder why the workers do not work harder, ln order to
produce more Ipgs so that he can
have more profits.
Jervis Inlet, B. O.
This camp was organized on Au
gust 4, 1920. Before that time, lt
was about 50-50, .but the boys were
willing to sign up when a start was
made to organize lt Jervis Inlet is
not famous for organization, Judging by the looks of the camps as
you pass them. At our second meeting, August 12, motions were carried to the effect that top bunks be
removed, and that a bath, wash
and dry house be installed within
10 days; also that the camp be supplied with a launch ln case of accident, and that the camp have a
monthly pay-day, payments made
by bank cheque, and men quitting,
or being dismissed, to be paid In
the same manner. But September
14 found us still In the top bu'.iks,
with no lumber In sight for bathhouse or bunk-house, and the
launch on the job sometimes, and
sometimes not, This launch was
hired from Pender Harbour, and
when a job of towing was ln sight,
the owner would take It on and
leave the camp without a launch
until he got back. Therefore,
strike vote was taken and carried.
Otherwise, the camp was not too
bad, except for the long climb to
the Job, and dinner out. There was
no signs of discriminating against
union members, and the food was
pretty fair.   This camp was 98 per
cent, union, including the foreman.
In reading the camp reports In
The Federationist, the Idea struck
me that a little might be said about
the Brook's, Bid lake & Whlttall
camp here.
The camp Is not organised, and
lt seems Impossible to organize It.
There may be at the present time
half a dozen O. B. U. men here.
There are four or five that won't
join up and h«lp out the good work,
but they seem to be good bunkhouse union men. They talk a lot
In the bunk houae, but don't carry
a card, They are pretty good home
We have a good cook at present,
but he doesn't get much to cook
with. There never Is any fresh
fruit, and we are promised vegetables when they get cheap enough.
If they never get cheap, we'll never
get any.. *
Thre is no flrst aid man In camp,
at least not that any of the boys
know' about Maybe Chinamen
never require first aid. Any job a
Chinaman can' do, a white man
never gets a chance at. The boss Is
a good company man, and sure
loves to have Chinamen working
for him.
We have a narrow guage railroad
here .that has been running for
about five months. There is no air
brakes aa yet, and the brake rigging ls improperly Installed, so that
the hawl brakes are not much good.
The engineer does his own. firing
when the brakeman is busy. Now
and then he may talk the brake-
man into putting ln a flre, but as a
fellow has to go down on his
knees to put ln a flre, the brakeman
generally manages to be busy. The
whole thing is run contrary to law,
but they seem to get by with It. I
don't think the Inspector haa ever
made a call here yet.
Then about the can pile. All the
empty fruit and vegetable cans ure
dumped ubout fifty feet from the
kitchen door, which causes a pleasant smell on a hot day, and lt there
waa a .22 calibre rifle ln camp, a
peraon might get a dosen or so nice
fat rats almost any old time.
The bunk house is almost new,
with eight single beds to a room.
The old bunk house was full of bed
bugs, and all the bedding was moved from it to the new one. We have
a flne crop of bugs now; tn fact
they are doing almost too good to
be comfortable. Everybody carries
his own blankets, as we haven't
reached the shirt stage yet.
There is no water ln camp that Is
flt to drink. There Is a welt here
that has needed cleaning out for
some time past. Smells as If something big like a horse had fallen
into lt and never got out. Booze is
pretty easy to get any time a fellow
has seven bucks to spend he doesn't
have to walk very far for a bottle.
This camp never will be organized as long as the present bunch
stick around. Would like to see a
few of them hit a camp that was
100 per cent. O. B. U. The only
good thing about this camp is that
nobody has much work to do. If
you do a day's work all right, and
If you don't do five minutes' work,
it Is all right anyway.
Ocntrsl HMdqnsrtiw:
Vwcoirir, B. 0.; B. Wlncb, 01 Oer
dove Strsst West
Cranbrook, B. C;  J. H. Tloopion,
Box 18.
Orsnbrook (- Dlitrlet—Legil    ad>
vb«r:   Oeorge Spreull.
Kunloops, B. 0.; J. I. PoUrion, Box
818, S Viotorla Stroot
Mtrrit, B. O.j W. S. Kilner, Box 8.
Notion, B. 0.;  B. Barrow, Oonoral
Meeting* are held In the O. B. U.
Halt, Baker Street, Nelion, on the
flnt and third  Sunday of eaoh
month at 8 p.m.
Penticton, B. 0.;  P. W. Wrightion,
P. O. Box 240.
Princo Georgo, B. O.; 0. F. MoniMB,
Braver 20.
Princo Bupert, B. 0.; J. H. Burrough,
Box 833.
Vancouver, B. 0.;  J. If, Clarke, 61
Oordova Street West
Victoria, B. 0.; J. C. Bunker, room 1,
576 Johnson street.
Bdmonton, Alta.;  0. Berg,  10833—
101st Streot Bait
Tbe   Pas,   Manitoba—J.   B.   Leith,
Oeneral DeliTory.
Winnipeg, Man.; Lumberworkeii' Union, 196 Henry Avenuo.
Lngril      advisers:        McMurray,
Wheeldon,    McMurray   A   Lamont.
Cochrane, Ont.; B. Orandell, Oeneral
Delivery. *
Port Prands  Oat; B. O. Moll, Box
390, Wehfter Ball.
Sudbury. Ont.; B. Guertln. Box 1631.
Lligar Stroot.
Montreal; V. Binette, SI St Laurent
, Stnet	
Tack's Oamp
In regard to the letter about
Tack's camp ln the Sept. 3 Issue of
The FederationiBt, I wish to state
that Information given by J187 Is a
parcel of lies.
At the meeting referred to, after
the motion was duly,made and seconded, that the committee Interview Mr. Tack for the reason that
the bucker was flred, the committee
immediately called on the boss and
got the following answer: "Kicking
about the cook and taking things
out of the store room, a place
where he had not the right to be."
So far aB conditions are concerned, I think they are as good as you
will flnd anywhere, Oood bunkhouses, with eight single beds in
each; bath house and drying room;
sidewalk all around and lit up at
night; bunk houses are scrubbed
out regularly every week. Good
cook now and lots of grub. All orders filled. Good dishes ln the dining room, and new dishes and cooking utensils ordered for the kitchen
and coming up. No blacklist or discrimination Is shown to any one.
Minimum union wages paid; 2 per
cent beer for those that want it,
but no one asked to drink It.
to have what they call a Uttle
time for themselves, they should
forget the organization white drinking, and not be talking unionism,
for boon and brains don't go together.
A report comes from Camp No.
3 Okanaga'n Saw Mills Co., Enderby, B.C., that that camp is organized to 100 per cent, and they are
holding a weekly meeting to carry
on such business as may come be-
for the meeting. Now, fellow
workers, let us all In the camps try
to hold a meeting once a week and
get the company to furnish blankets and also put their camps ln a
sanitary condition, for If we don't
ask them for these things they will
never give them so let us try and
Improve our standard of living.
A number of men are returning
from the prairies where they have
worked In the harvest fields and
they are all dissatisfied with the
long ten and twelve hour day that
Mr, Farmer applies to his workmen,
knowing that he will only have this
man a few days, so he tries to get
all the work out of him that he can.
What Is the matter1 at Merritt
that the men don't ask for the
blankets, for l'n camps that are organized to 100 per cent, the men
should be able to get the things
that are needed -In a camp of that
It' la reported that the Northern
Construction Company, when starting their camps ar'e going to furnish blankents, iron bed springs and
mattresses, sheets, pillow slips and
pillows, the same as Okanagan
Saw Mills Co., are doing now, undoubtedly having found out that
they cannot log without men and
tn order to get men must put sanitary conditions ln their camps.
Won't that be nice when the men
won't have to carry a b!g roll of
blankets endangering the health of
the public by spreading disease.
Report of Sick Benefit Fund to
September 1, 1920:
Amount collected $614 00
Disbursements  155 15
Total balance $458 86
Come on, let us support the sick
fund a little stronger than we have
been doing, for in case of an epidemic like the 'flu, It would break
the bank balance in two weeks and
then we would have to pay it out of
the organization fund which would
never do.
A report comes from Merritt that
that there are more men there now
than are needed at preeent, as the
former report stated that logging
operations had started full blast, but
today I am advised by the Acting
Secretary at Merritt that there are
no men wanted there at present.
It la reported that the Gerrard
Lardo Lumber Co., at Trout Lake,
B.C., haa paid off the men and wtll
resume work In about three weeks.
Also that all the men who had a
Hen on the North River Lumber
Co., at Thunder River, B.C. are
being paid through the lawyers,
Black S_ Dunbar, and that the mill
will start again in the near future.
Delegate 2872, Blue River, B.C.,
statea that at Douglas & Cowan's
camp that thb blankets have arrived at camp, thc flrst outfit In
this dlstrlpt to furnish blankets.
So comb on, fellow workers, If one
outfit can furnish blankets they can
all do It, and we will never get
them in other camps unleBB the
fellow worker's call a meeting and
demand'that they be furnished a
bed to sleep In after a day'a hard
work. This camp is also organized
to 100 per cent and I wish there
were a few more live wires in other
parts of this district where organization Is rather alack. Now, fellow
workers, If you can't go to. work
in an eight hour camp, then hit a
nine or ten hour camp and try to
make lt an eight hour camp.
Just a word to all delegates. If
you would all please remit between
the 26th and laat of each month, lt
would be a lot handler tn thla
offlce, and lt would give me a bet-
tei1 Bhow to get my reporte. Aa lt
ls now, the bank balance Is always
short what haa not been remitted
till after the report haa gone ln.
Anybody knowing the where-
aboute of one P. M. Clark, better
known as Tex, who was a delegate
Workmen's Compensation
Some Suggestions
In offering the follwoing suggested improvements to the Work-,
men'a Compensation Act It Is no%
to be understood as any compromise on the principle that the.
workman Is entitled to the full to
on the construction work between
Kamloops and Vernon and later on
the Shuswap Drive between Sugar
Lake and Mabel Lake, please advise
thia offlce. Some of the men from
whom he collected dues and some
that he signed up are now coming
to the office, but no money has
been remitted and' no delegate's
duplicate receipts have been sent
in by Clark. Please wire this offlce
lf located. He waa last seen in,
Vernon, and was thought to be go-,
Ing south.
But aa a whole, the organization
have been pretty lucky, as only
two men have gone south with the
money. Not enough to do ua any
harm, but at the same time, theae
men should be caught and dealt
with accordingly, as a man of that
principle ls no good to himself or
anybody else. I would class him
worse than a scab, vermin wtth
whom no man wants to come into
contact. This member's O. B, U.
No. is 17188, Ledger No. K. C. 41,
paid up till the 1st of March, 1920,
So keep an eye open for this
human pest of the scab family.
Dlatrlct Secretary Treasurer.
Re the counting of the recent
Referendum Ballot taken In this
district regarding the doing away
with carrying of blankets, also cutting out piece work and bonus
system, and the election of an executive board, also a district secretary for Kamloops District-
Well, I don't know where the
votes would have to be counted if
they were not counted at the district offlce, being instructed by the
delegates In convention to have
the ballot In-the district office by
July 15th, and as the delegates
who were here In convention did
not elect a ballot committee to
count the ballot and the delegates
for the general convention were in
town, so I got them to count the.
ballot, but as they thought lt
would be alright being there was
no ballottlng committee. Now, as
to how the ballot got to the district office to be counted, and myself a candidate, I did not help to
count the ballot, but surety they
would be counted here In the district offlce and pot In Vancouver
or Enderby as it was a district referendum ballot. And as for me
saying that whiskey was very much
In evidence at Vernon and Enderby,
I still maintain that It was, and as
is referred to in the (Fed.) Sept.
3, yes, there Is a lot of houseclean-
Ing to be done her'e tn Kamloops in
the way of bootlegging. But what
are you going to do when the rank
and flle fall for that poison. Now,
I don't claim that all the union
men were drunk at Enderby, but
do claim that when men go to town
Camp 7
The strike at camp 7, Ocean
Falls, took place after a vote had
been taken by the camp. The cause
of the Btrike was aa follows: Fellow
Worker Dunn, who was a locomotive foreman, took sick and had to
go to the hospital at Ocean Falls,
where they charged him $100, despite the fact that we pay compensation duea of one cent per day.
When he came back he waa put on
the whistle wire, and one day he
himself went on the rigging for a
change, another man relieving him
for a little while. The boss saw
him on the rigging and at night
told him to take the boat. The
camp committee asked that thb'
man be reinstated on his origins I
job, but the boss refused point >
blank to have anything to do wit i
him at all. The men voted on
question of discrimination against;.
Fellow Worker Dunn. The vot iJ
was'carried by the full meeting o
00 men. The boss or foreman of
fered to take the crew back, bu;
would not consider Fellow Worke '
Dunn. We Intend tb stand pat.
(Signed)     CAMP COMMITTEE.
Georgia Lake Log Company
This la a small camp, twenty me: i
In camp. Bunk houses 14x20; st:
men in a bunk house, single bunki;,
mattresses, springs, blankets, pil
Iowa; no sheets or pillow cases; no
bath house or dry house. Cook is
poor. Company is not hostile to
the union. It is a new company,
and promises -to have a first-class
DEL. 631.
Boom Camp
a special meeting held In
the following motion waa
carried, which was to be printed in
The Federationist: "That the L. C.
W. I. U. delegates to the O. B. U,
convention, ask other Industrial
unions, affiliated with the O. B. U.,
to vote on the geographical form of
orgainzation, aa against the federated form of Industrial organization,
S. Elllngsen's Camp
I beg to report that Fellow-
Worker W. Richardson waa instantly killed at this camp on Sept
18, by a bull block strap hitting
him across the head.
DEL. 800.
clal value of his labor power, and
when accident, sickness, unemployment or any circumstance out of his
control prevents him from perform"
ing his usual function, he ls then
■tilt entitled to receive from the Industry, or aoclety, (it matters not to
him what source), the full amount
sufficient to enable him, and hla dependents, to live at the same standard as previously.
That condition, however, Is for
the time (we hope in the near future) when the working class will
not be exploited for profit,' but producers for use, controlling all industries and not compelled to negotiate with employers or their legislative executives for improved living and working conditions, the
success of which negotiations now
depends upon the degree bf workers organization. We are of the
opinion that the following suggested Improvements to the act represent the present degree of the bargaining power of the workers organization:
Alt workers, mate and female, In
all occupations earning less than
$3000 a year, optional to thoae earning over that amount
No waiting period when the disability exoeeds three days.
Compensation payable twice a
month In accordance with the provisions of the semi-monthly pay
Compensation on basis of 75 per
cent, of wages, ln cases of temporary or permanent total disability,
with a maximum earning basts of
$3000 a year.
Seventy-five per cent, of wage
loss In cases of temporary or permanent partial disability.
Full compensation until complete
recovery or able to return to previous occupation or to secure light
Work ln accordance with the limita-
tolns of the partial disability, or
until the previous employer Is willing to reinstate In a suitable position. ■   •
Transportation back to work after recovery or, if necessary, to a
point an equal distance ,or fare)
from place where medical treatment waa given. Nocessary time
spent In going back to job to be
allowed for in compensation period.
In the event of the rate of pay
of occupation at..the time of the accident being Increased during the
flftridd of disability, the compensation to be based upon the increased
*ate from the time thereof.
Allowance, to dependents equal to
that paid to widow and children of
.soldiers who died in the war. No
Hmit to number of children, and
.compensation to be continued to
be paid until the age of 16 or
•thereafter as long as the children
.remain at school as pupils, or are
.unable by reaaoy of infirmity to
earn their own living. Same charge
•gainst Industry in case of single
man, or one without dependents,
or with less than four, as ln caae
■oi one with an everago family of
five. The,fund thus created to be
available for payment of extra
benefit to widows and dependents.
,. Widows, children and other dependents to be entitled to full
medical and other other treatment whenever needed so long as
they are entitled to benefit under
the act
Funeral benefit of $100.
Hernia, rupture and strained
back to. be compensable. Any and
all cases of occupational disease to
be entitled to compensation.
No delay In payment of compensation because of non-receipt of
employer's or doctor's report (two
reports, the workman's and one
other, to be sufflclent to entitle
No restriction on choice of medical attendant and qualified practi
tioneers of mechanical therapeutics to be at disposal of injured
workman. Same choice in case of
approved medical scheme as In
other cases.
Approved medical schemes to be
under the control of. the workmen
and the compensation boartl, and
must conform to schedule as ap-
After having withdrawn from the
convention as a protest against the
report of credentials committee fixing the status of the loggers' delegates, and after prolonged negotiation, which ran into the Wednesday
morning session, the following communication was handed to the convention by Delegate Higgins, to the
chairman and delegates assembled
In convention at Port Arthur, Ont,
Stptember 20.'
"We, the undersigned duly elected delegates for the Lumber Workers Industrial Unit, hereby protest
againBt the unconstitutionality of
the present proceedings, and we,
therefore, decline to participate in
the convention for the following
"We do not agree to your interpretation of the constitution, that
we are not eligible to seat .our full
delegation on the grounds that we
are In arrears wltfi per capita. We
claim the right to sit on the basis
of Clauae 18; that our protest is
justified la admitted by your own
action in seating delegates from
Thunder Bay Council and other
units, who are themselves In arrears. You have seated delegates
from units on the basis of thetr
membership, as recorded by the
laat month for which they paid per
capita, and- we claim the aame
"You have discriminated againat
ua, and in favor of Thunder Bay
Council and other units, by seating
them on a basis other than that ln
Clauses 17 and 18. You are allowing them to divide their votes
equally amongst their delegates,
and we claim the same right. We
have made repeated offers to fulfil
our per capita obligation In accord
with our ability to do ao."
In view of the foregoing, we have
no alternative but to recommend to
our membership that they refuse to
recognise or be bound by any decisions of your convention, in withdrawing from the One Big Union.
Signed: J. M. Clarke, W. Cowan, J.
Grieder, R. Higgins, M. J. Keane,
C. F. Morrison, S. G, Neil, J. Simpson, W. H. Watson, B. Winch, also
C. E. Berg, signed as a member of
Lumber Workers Unit elected as
delegate by Edmonton Central Labor Council), and withdraw as protest against the unjust treatment
accorded to his fellow workers.
On many occasions there are fellow workers ln a camp that may
be what we calt "stake bound," and
a grievance comes up that could be
settled with tittle or no trouble
Some of these fellows will vote to
strike, or walk out or any other
form of an "out," and then when
they get to town, they leave their
fellow workers to do their battling
for them, while they step out, flnd
a blind pig, and get drunk.
A man or men that will do such
a thing ia'«C no use to themselves,
and only a detriment to the organization they belong to. This kind of
a man acta on a union like a boom
of logs hitched on to a tug—cuts
down the speed. Therefore, let's
cut the line, and help speed up the
boat of freedom, and help hurry
her on for the end ts near.
Here's hoping success to the O.
B. U. as speedily aa possible.
What about renewing your eub.t
The regular propaganda meeting
held at headquarters, Sept 12, at 2
p.m. ,
Fellow Worker Simpson In the
Minutes of the previous meeting
read and approved.
Organizer Alexander reported
that a circular letter had been aent
to all jnlll workera asking them to
attend ' the meetings, when the
question on the referendum ballot
would be discussed. Since the last
meeting, he had visited the camp at
Clayburn, where he found the conditions fair, and all the men In the
union. He had also visited the
Sperling Lumber Co. at Warwhoop,
and had found the camp ln a filthy
condition, and the food of a poor
Delegate Chlsholm reported on
the National Timber Co., stating
that there were forty men In camp,
all In the union, and that the conditions were fair.
Delegate Simpson reported on P.
R. camp, Sullivan-Day, stating that
there were about forty men in
camp; bunk houses atlll bad double
bunka, blankets were supplied If
the men demanded them. General
conditions fair.
A member from Robert Dollar
camp, Port Moody, reported that
that camp had operated for nine
weeks after the atrlke before a delegate was elected. The signal man,
who was only 18 yeara of age, had
posted up the notices calling a
meeting.for the election of a delegate. A delegate waa elected, but
trouble had developed over the food
and the cook reported he coud not
cook on the stove he had. The management had been Interviewed, but
refused to put In a new range in
the kitchen, and had closed down
the camp. After a few daya the
camp had opened again, but the
oompany had refused to take back
a number of the men.
Financial report, given In detail,
Bal. on hand, Aug. 19 ...$2142.45
Receipts  4346.11
Less expenditures   3798.26
Leaving a balance on hand,
Sept. 9 $2690.30
Moved: "That this meeting recommend to the Coaat district executive that a leaflet be gotten out
each month that will be suitable to
the needa of the mill workera"
Moved: "That the secretary write
to the Workmen's Compensation
Board, drawing their attention to
the abnormal number of fatal accidents which occur ln the lumbering
industry on the coast, and pointing
out that a direct inference could be
drawn from this and the fact that
loggers' agency, H. Hicka manager,
had been hiring Inexperienced men,
from all over the country, rather
than employ experienced men, who
had taken ah active part In the affairs of the union. Alao that their
attention be drawn to the fact that
this organization la of* the opinion
that the flrat aid man in a camp
ahould, under no circumstances, be
employed on any other job than
flrst aid work."   Carried.
Moved: "That we start a campaign and publish leaflets against
Hick's blacklist, recommending
that periodic strikes against the
agency be called at stated Intervals,
and that the employment offlce be
picketed." Carriod.
Meeting adjourned at 5:16 p.m.
The following introduction to W.
W. Cralk's book "A Short History
of the Modern Working Clan Move,
ment" la by Albert Bellamy, ex-
president of the N. U. R.:
One of the greateat disabilities
from which the working class movement suffers today is a lack of
knowledge. "Knowledge Is power."
It la essential for a physician to
know the history and the symptoms
of his "case" before he can treat
It. So Is lt alao with the social
To the man genuinely desirous 61
assisting himself and Ills fellows,
this hook is Invaluable, It helps
him to get a grip of the history of
the Industrial period, and it portrays for him the struggles of ths
pioneers of the movement of today.
It pictures the alms and Ideals of
the earlier stages of the movement,
and clearly shows the weakness of
some, of the methods adopted.
To rallwaymen especially thli
little work la 'not only Interesting
but Instructive, for are we not attempting to meet the changed
methods of control and administration of Industry, by a newer and
more efficient method of organisation for the producers of railway
In order to effectually prepare
ourselves for offence and defence,
we are endeavoring to organize all
the workera on the railways of the
United Kingdom, ln one union—
the man who manipulates the various mechanical appliances to aid
railway transport, and' the man
who makes these. In other words,
to build an organisation through
which the whole of the railway
workers may, through their chosen
representatives, bargain with their
employers. It la the safest most
effective and most economical
method, and oirf experience of a
partial operation of tho principle
these laat three confirms, Irrefutably, this opinion.
If this success Is to continue, we
must have not only an extension of
membership of the Union, and an
arrangement with thoae craft
unions whose members come Into
the railway industry fVom other industries and return to these as advantage offers, but an amalgama*
tion of the existing wllway unions
Nor Is that alone all that Is needed. We must have well-Informed,
earnest and active membera—no
passengers. ' The purely paying
member Is uaeful, but we muat
have his Interest and support
proved by board, the employer to
render monthly flnanclal statement of deductions for wages and
payments to doctor. No deductions to be made by the employor
for the sum collected from the
Premium to be not less than
charged by insurance companies
and no reduction to employer because of economy in administration, or freedom from accident, but
power to enforce a direct assessment against the Individual employer in case of accident due to
violation of accident prevention or
flrst aid clauses or presumable laxity in proper care.
SOth JUNE, 1920
Orel. Ami. —DEDUCT— Net "Ami.
Remttt.nce. Com. Exponeel. Remitted.
■ 1.68
t. M. J.   —
884 —	
O.B.V.  22..
89 . -
0. It.	
404  --
W. M. H. _
Groie Amt.   —DEDUCT—   Net Amt
Beniittenoe.   Com.   Exponeel. Remitted.
1 ..
82 ..
48 ..
267 ..
204 ..
B. Mc.
400 ..
448 ..
407 ..
887 ..
407 ■ _
443 -
88 -
825 _
288 _
428 ..
107 •
■ 5.00
10.00 I
167.00 i
11.00 ,
67.00  '
46.00 ;
9.00 >
41.85  I
190.18 ,
357.10 '
9.00 ■
45.00 i
1.33 ,
33.00 '
70.00 '
" .60
• 8.00
Grose Amt.   —DEDUCT—   Net Amt.
Remltt.nc.   Com.   Expemel. Remitted.
6 00
33 00
8 00
1 60
' 60.50
120 60
112 22
86 05
Total  •16,582.21    1565.00    (196.30    (14,980.91
Certified correct.
Chartered Accountant!,
Vuoowrer, B. C, 19tb Jul,, 1920.
Fellow-Worker Brick Brlckaon,
better known aa "Seattle Bill," died
at Camp C, Crawford'. Anchorage,
on Sept. IS. He hu a brother liv
Ing ln the United Statei, ao any one
knowing hia address, please communicate with Vancouver headquarters, 61 Cordova street west.
Any one knowing the present ad
dress of Rose! E. Dlmmock, who
formerly worked at Yarco's shingle
bolt camp, please communicate
with Vancouver headquarters.
The great city of bossos Is for
output. It's output, output and
more output—until you're put out."
Buy at a union store.
Will the following memben
please communicate with Ciast
District Headquarters, or any ona
knowing their present address,
please send the Information:
H. Chalender,Wm. Brennan, Jno.
D. Marr, P. A. Vlgner.
R. Sangstrom, who has claim
claim against International Post tt
Pole Co.,
H. Cameron, previously workaa
for bolt camp of Grant. A McDonald.
Will O. McCaffree write to —
Henderson at 61 Cordova street
west, Vanoouver, as soon aa possible?
Fritz William Sehupple, last
heard of ln Prince Rupert district
last November.
Frank Asslln, last heard of at
Fare's camp, Vaveny; Karl F. McKlnen, N. Dudakoskl, B. Dew, A.
Vcsenikir,   G.   Whitelaw,   Donald
Forsyth, O. B. U. No. 1719; i
Tomkln, N. Koski, F. R. Solloway,
Jim Kinney.
Nels Sutterland, aged 68, haa a
compensation claim, No. 52,216.
Eastern membera are warned
not to pay duea or fees to H. C.
William Romlk communlcata
with ofllce—document has been
Wm. Gllroy, claim No. 54906,
previously worked for Ross Sis'
katoon Co.
Wanted to trace brother of M. S.
Haron, name Pete Baron, who was
last heard of working In camps of
Washington, four years ago. Fellow workers south of line please
give this information, If available.
Will J. Augustes write to L. Martin, Manitoba Hotel, Vancouver, B.
Johnston Brossmcn's Camp Jervis Inlet
Whalen Pulp & Paper Company..... Swanson Bay
Firs, Limited, or Rees & Black Whonnock
Metalliferous Mines -  Silverton and Sandon
(Slocan District)
Camp 7.....   - Ocean Falls
Prince Rupert Spruce Mills fired boom men for demanding union wages.
UNFAIR LIST        *  *      K
Dempsey-Ewart's, Camp 2.  Drury Inlet
Rat Portage Lbr. Camp .....Menzies Bay
Do Your Bit Now!
THEBE are 46 workers, most of whom have families,
locked out at Taylorton, Sask., by the mining company because they belong *.o the 0. B. U. and attended the
meeting which Organizer Christopher was to have addressed at Bienfait, whan he was run out of the country
by the illegal act of a liunch of stools.
The Central Defense (Jcmniittec has taken over the looking after of legal assistance for these men and Organizer
Funds Are Needed Immediately
These men must be protected and their families must
not be allowed to starve.
Send funds direot to District Seoretary, 196 Henry
Avenue, Winnipeg, or to James Law, Central Defense
Committee. State if for maintenance or legal action. Iagepour
FRIDAT September 24, 1910
Published every Friday morning by The B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
able to make the discoveries that he did,
and which have never yet been proven to
be incorrect.  If thought on the part of
position. The government, now in powe£
in this country, is the most reactionary
that the country has ever been cursed
one man could produce so much evil, as  with.   The members of the cabinet are
'A. a WELLS..
Office:   Labor  Temple.  MS , Dunsmuir  Street
Telephone Soymour 6871
Subscribtion Bates: United Statea and Foreign,
13.00 per year; Canada, 52.50 per year, J1.60
for six months; to Unions subscribing in a
body, 16c per Member per month.
Unity of Labor: The Hope of the World
FRIDAT September 24, 1920
THEBE IS STILL some doubt as to
the cause of the explosion in Wall St.,
New York. The theory that it was the
work of radicals is, however, not being
generally accepted, and the la'test news
available would indi-
HO ANABOHY cate that it was the re-
XS • suit of explosives be-
SOCIALISM , ing carted in sueh a
manner at to make
such an accident possible. Naturally, At-
tofney-General Palmer, who has raised
several bomb scares during the past year
or two, is taking all the possible political
advantage that he can out of the situation., While it would not be the fair
tiling to suggest that the whole thing
was a political frame-up, yet the disaster
las been seized upon to give eome little
color to the activities of the department
of justice in the United States, in the
rounding up of reds that has taken place
in that country, and is being used to
cover up the damnable conspiracies and
railroading to jail of men that have been
active in the working class movement in
that country.
* * *
Should the explosion, by any chance,
have been the work of Anarchists, or
any other type of radicals, it would only
once more show the futility and imbecility of Anarchistic methods. In the first
place, Pierpont Morgan was not in the
building, and if he had been, and been
killed by the explosion, capitalism would
have continued to operate. When the
father of the present head of the house
of Morgan died, many were the suggestions made as to the upset that
would be caused by his death. But
nothing happened. The capitalist system operated in the same old way,
wd the slaves of modern capitalism were
still exploited, and even the houee of
Morgan missed him not. Strange as it
may appear, there are members of so-
triety at both ends of the social scale thpt
believe the removal of individual* will
enhance their class interests. The American government, and the Canadian govornment have both shbwed that thie idea
dominates, by the faet that many work-,
ors who have espoused the cause of the
working class, have ben imprisoned in
both countries. Anarchists have used
bombs, and have tried to remove individuals, and the results have been nil in all
cases. Socialism continues to grow in
strength on the one hand, and the ruling
olass still continues to rule on the other.
While lt is true that the conditions that
prevail in society act on the individual,
and the individual reacts on society, yet
the same causes that created the one person removed, -wiU put another in his
plaoe. This operates on both sides, and
the removal of individuals will never
bring the working class emancipation.
JAnarchy and aU that it means, can havo
no place in the working class philosophy,
and while the ruling elass may adopt Anarchistic methods, they will not aid its
cause, and only aid the enlightenment of
the working elass to the anarchy that
prevails in society under capitalism.^ Anarchy and Socialism aro as opposite as
the poles; in fact are as antagonistic as
Socialism and capitalism.       . •
HEAVENS KNOWS just what the
after-dinner speakers, and those
who speak out of their turn, would do
these days if Bolshevism was not available to hammer at. Never a day passes
without some report in
THOUGHTS the press of the utter-
AND ances of men promi-
SOCIALISM nent, or seeking notoriety, who have something to say on this question. It is needless to say that it is not necossary to
know anything of Soviet Russia, or the
Socialist movement to attack what is
termed as Bolshevism. During the week,
two men have given their views on th©
new "menace." One in the Old Land,
and the other in Vancouver. Mr. Castell
HopltinB, speaking in this city, advocated
counter propaganda. Beferring to Marx,
thc speaker described him as being a
olever, rough, educated Oerman, and said
"he developed the vicious line of thought
which had bcen the greatest evil influ-
„ once of modern times." Mr. Appleton,
speaking in the Old Land on the manifesto pf the Third International, is reported to have said: "We have accepted
Soviet Russia's declaration of war
against Samuel Oompers, myself a'nd
other leaders of anti-Bolsheviki sympathies, and we art prepared to go to a
» » *
Mr. Appleton, however, does riot repre-
• sent the British workers, as is evidenced
by the action of the British trades unionists in the formation of the Council of
Action to prevent war against Soviet
Bussia. He m§y be a leader, but he is
evidently only leading himself and others
. that cannot see the sun for the smoke
barrage of tho capitalist press. Mr. Hopkins, however, knows all about it. He
places great weight on the influences of
the thoughts of a man that has been dead
for a number of years, and imagines that
such thought has been the cause of the
spread of Socialism, evidently not realizing that thought can only oome from environment, and that if the environment
had not have bcen such as it was in
Marx's time that he would not have beon
Mr. Hopkins conceives the sperad of Socialism to be, how is it that with all the
brains the ruling class of the world is
supposed to be blessed with, that not a
single member, or a group of members of
that class have been able to produce a
thought that would be greater than the
thoughts expressed by Marx in years
gone by. This is something that the gentleman has .possibly overlooked, and it
may be that if it is called to his attention, he will be able to develop the
thought that will offset the teachings .of
Marx, and the influence of the environment of the working class, which has fostered, and made the Socialistic philosophy so strong in the world.
* *      '   *
On many occasions we have pointed
out that the Bussian revolution could not
have happened in any other country in
the world. In other words, conditions in
that country were responsible for the
manner in which the revolution was carried out, and that failing similar circumstances, no other country will overthrow
the capitalistic regime !n exactly the
same manner in wliich it was overthrown
in Russia. It would be folly for any individual to attempt to prophecy just
what action on the part of the working
class will be necessary to institute the cooperative commonwealth, but it is possible for men to demonstrate that the present order cannot last, and that beforc
freedom can be secured, the present system must give way to a system of society
that is based on production for use. All
the imaginings of strong or feeble minds
cannot stop progress. AU the ravings of
after dinner speakers on the straw man
that has taken the1 place of capitalistic-
minded individuals Socialistic bogey, in
the Bolsheviki scarecrow, will not stop
the development of capitalism, and instead of Socialism being the menace that
such individuals would have the workers
believe it to be, the workers arc slowly
but surely realizing that their only hope
is the new order; that must eventually
take the place of the present system.
Thought can only flourish on the environment that surrounds men, and if the con-"
ditions were not such as to substantiate
the discoveries of Marx, it would not even
take the thoughts of the Applctons and
the Hopkins to upset them. Wc do not
think that there is enough "thoughts"
amongst the business men of this country
to overcome the conditions that arc making Socialists in every country in the
tvorld, and we are afraid that Mr. Hopkins will have to seek for more effective
methods of stopping the progress of Socialism, than counter propaganda. The
greatest source of Socialist propaganda is
capitalism, and thoughts will not destroy
that. .'
without understanding of the trend of
modern events. Without exception, they
have only ont outlook, and that is to
conserve the interests df the class they
represent, and they do not even know
enough to do that. Possibly being ignorant of what is in store, the government
will now elevate one of the Vancouver
members to the cabinet. This will cause
a by-election, and naturally, we can assume, that the Liberals will adopt the
same tactics here, under such circumstances, as they did in the East. This
will leave the field clear for a political
fight on class lines, for the workers of
thia eity will not let a by-election go by
default, and we can promise the government as pretty a fight as was ever staged
in this country in the event of any political contest, either in a by or a general
election. It will be a class fight, and
there will be no trimming. Winnipeg
will be the issue, and it will take more
than intimidation to elect any representative of the government in this city: AH
we hope is that it will be soon. The rest
will be told after the battle is over.
Thc following news item appeared during the week in a local paper:
"Genoa, Sept. 21.—The striking
street car men here have hit- upon a
great scheme to raise enough money
to buy out the lines and thereafter
divide the profits among themselves.
"The plan proposed is this: All
conductors to ring up 'no fare' and
turn the money over to thc union
treasurer until enough has been raised to buy thc street railway system.
Officials of the company are against
tlie plan."
We are naturally surprised to hear
that a street railway company would resent any such proposal. , Usually street
railways are run for the benefit of the
employees, and in a public-spirited manner for the benefit of the public. At
least that is the way a certain street railway not above a thousand miles from
Vancouver is supposed to operate.
I Fl
Destroying Property of
Irish Farmers to Wreck
The British governmental forces
ara burning and wrecking Irish
agricultural enterprises. Word has
just been received here of these
outrages perpetrated by parties of
soldiers and constabulary ln which
many thousands of pounds damage
has been dona. The Co-operative
News of Manchester prints the fol
lowing from an article by George
Russell, one of the best known
Journalists In tho country, taken
from the Irish Homestead. The
Co-operative Newa says:
The allegation is that the authorities have decided that for every
"barrack or public building destroyed—or thought to hnve been destroyed—by Sinn Fein, a co-operative creamery or other building
would be wrecked or burned down
by parties of the soldiery and constabulary. Mr. Russell carefully ex-
amines the evidence behind this al-
legation and comes to the conclusion that the evidence points to
such a policy being pursued or permitted. "The facts," ho says,
"arc not denied and. indeed, have
been admitted by the representatives of thc Crown in cases where
the wrecking of creameries has
come before tho County Court
Mr. Russell says: "From whatever point of view we look at it,
national or imperial, lt is a dreadful thing to contemplate the deliberate wrecking ot an Irish Industry, one of the most important
of any, because it ia concerned with
the vitally, important supply of
foodstuffs. The supression of the
woollen Industry In Ireland by Act
of Parliament, long ago, hns left
bitter enough memories without
adding to that the deliberate destruction by official policy of the
dairy industry In Ireland. We hope
those in authority will make haste
to make lt clear to Ireland and tho
world that they disapprove of these
acts, and this they can do at once
by frankly assuming responsibility
for any damage caused directly by
aoldiers or constabulary who have
got out of hanfl. Nobody will accuse the British Oovernment In
Ireland of Instigating the wrecking
|of creameries If that Government
(Continued from page t)
If the Tariff Commissioners had any
fear of personal injury, or the authorities feared for their safety while in Vancouver, beoause the workers of this city
are somewhat radical, and it was due to
that fear that secret service agents were jhae to pay for the wrecking.   .
engaged in seeing that no harm befell LrMpo,,ls!*""y _ ""• at onM 'r«nk'
them, we can only say that it is another fag?H™'Z *__°Z* C°Urt
evidence of lack of understanding on thc
part of the ruling class of the Socialist
philosophy which has been freely assimilated by the workers of this vicinity.   No
Socialist  would  bother  with  them,   or
harm them.    It is not men, but that 	
which creates the misery of the workers of 'roland "» instances of the same
IT WOULD ALMOST seem impossible
for any section of the people in the
country to elect a supporter of the present Dominion government to parliament.
Much more impossible would it appear
for a member of the
THE ELECTION cabinet to receive the
RESULTS AND endorsation of the
WHAT MAT BE electors in a by-elec-
■ , tion. Yet that is exactly what has happened; in faet, two
cabinet ministers recently appointed have
been endorsed by the electors in the East.
That section of the press which supports
the government, takes much pleasure out
of the results of the elections in St. John
and Colchester. It is presumed that they
indicate that the people are behind the
present administration, and while this
may b« claimed by the supporters of the
government, the fact remains that all is
not gold that glitters, and a little examination of the situation may uncover some
things that do not bear, out the contentions of government members and the
• * •
Possibly the greatest factor in the government winning the elections is the fact
thai the workers in that part of fhe country are still of the opinion that something can be done for them by the new
political alignment, which after all is
only tlie same old outfit under another
name. Then local circumstances must
also be taken into consideration. Prom
sources of information that are unquestionable, we learn that thc same old eloction dodges wero used, and that intimidation of a most insidious character was
employed. This was particularly so in
Colchester. Money was spent like water,
and threats of closing down industry if
the government candidato was not elected were indulged in, and as a piece of
electioneering the government has displayed that it has not lost any of its
duplicity whieh was employed during the
general election in 1917, under the War-
Times Election Act.
* * *
Another factor that entered into the
election of the minister of public works
in Colchester, was the attitude assumed
by the Liberals; Many prominent supporters of this politieal party, openly
supported ths government candidate.
They used their influence in every possible manner against the farmer candidate,
taking the position that it would be better to have the newly-appointed minister
elected, than it would be to have the farmers' candidate returned. This once
again proves without question of.doubt
that the old political parties are coming
together, and will on all possible occasions see their class interests, and when
the workers commence to demonstrate
thcir solidarity, that there will be neither
Conservative or Liberal party, but a fusion of class interests in one big political
uuion of thc ruling class.
While it is true that the Liberal tactios
and intimidation methods montiontd have
had a lot to do with the election of the
governmental candidates, there can be no
doubt that they could never havo been
elected if the workers in tho constituencies had any knowledge of their tlass
that the Socialists are intent on moving,
and that is capitalism.
The honorable, the artless Arthur has
got off another red scare. This time it
is the farmers that have caused him displeasure. He is afraid that the farmers
will ally themselves with the "scdition-
ists"' of Vancouver and Winnipeg. Of
all the men who have ever assumed the
premiership of any country, the premier
of this country is the most stupid. Does
he not knrfw that the majority of the
farmers are members of th6 working
class, and that they must line up with
members of their class, and that the so-
called seditionists of Vancouver and
Winnipeg are only Socialists, and that
Socialism is not sedition except in the
minds of troglodytes.
If as the Hon. Senator Robertson says:
"Nowhere in Canada today need we have
any apprehension or fear of anything but
sane thinking and sane acting on thc
part of Labor," why was the Bulletin on
.the Russian Soviet system and its propaganda in North America printed and circulated! If the statement of the Minister of Labor is true, then it would appear
that there was little sane thinking in the
department of Labor. Wc arc inclined
to think that the workers that are doing
any thinking in these times are the only
ones that are sane. Thc others don't
count.  And the thinkers arc Socialists.
We are not aware as to where the department of labor got its information
about Bolsheviki propaganda in Canada,
but judging from the company the minister of labor keeps we would not think
that the information he receives is of the
best. The following item clipped from
tho. society page of the Province may,
however, be some guide to the accuracy
of tho information:
Mr. Jas. H. McVety was the
luncheon guest of Hon. Gideon Robertson, minister of labor, on Tuesday
at tht Hotel Vancouver.
Government, 'not tho ratepayers, should
pay Is accepted, we know what
oncluslons Will be drawn, not only
jhere but elsewhere. The wrecking
jof the dairy Industry will be quoted
along with the destruction of tho
woollen industry by thc historians
policy surviving  from   century  to
connection, nor ona whloh I would
oare to deny. Appeals for medical
assistance for blockaded Rusaia
could scarcely ba represented as
offorts to overthrow Canadian institutions. However, lt is 'not true.
My Bureau haa sent no such appeals.
What he cannot show by evidence, the writer evidently hopes
to establish by unsupported reiteration. "There ls evidence," he repeats, "of tho fact that Martens
had agents at wdMc in the Western
States and Cnnada." (Page 17).
There Is no euch evidence, and the
pamphlet doea not contain any—
except again tho ridiculous reference to "Rev. Wm. Ivens. ...
an active O. B. U. promoter and
correspondent for the New Tork
Call, Martens' chief publicity medium." This ls not evidence. It ls
I think I have sufficiently exposed tho renl nature and worth of
the "information" contained in this
publication. In conclusion, however, I desire to quote one sentence to which I can completely
"Nolther a nation nor an Individual can live wholly independent
of all others."    (Page 13).
This is a social and political
axiom of profound significance. It
Is all the more remarkable, then
that a writer who recognizes this
fundamental truth should have
composed an article which purports
to describe and-explain the internal conditions of Soviet Russia,
and which omits entirely, as though
these were irrelevant and' of no ofr
feet, all reference to the blocakde
which hns been imposed upon that
country for inor'e than two years as
well as to the constant succession
of Invasion nnd foreign attacks.
I do not deny tbat conditions
within Soviet Russia are unhappy;
that there is privation and disease,
disruption of industry and trans-
portatiffn, and in somo regions,
starvation. But I must Indignantly pr'otost ngninst this malicious attempt to attribute all these ills to
the existing government and to the
social order Instituted by the Russian people. Russia has been block,
nded ond cut. off from all the
sources of supplies upon which its
industry, as organized under tho
backward policy of the old regime,
had depended. Russia has had to
devote all Its available men and
means to setf-defense against foreign assault. No fairmlnded man,
evon the most critical, can Ignore
these facts, as the author of this
pamphlet has done, and still pretend to give honest Information respecting the Soviet system.
Tinned Out by Reactionaries,
Aro    Rc-oloolcd    with
Bigger Majorities.
New York—Now York has made
Its roply t» the reactionaries who
unseated the five Socialist assemblymen last fall. All five wore returned to the legislature at the
special election hore Thursday,
September 16, with majorities far.
larger than they ha'd when thoy
wero elected heretofore.
Fusion candidates were put up
against all of the Socialists in thia
In spite of this, however, the
Socialist vote IncronSed tn every
district over that bf last falh The
Increase ranges from 720 to as high
as 3200 for the various candidates.
Three of tho elected Socialists
were refused their seats on Wednesday, and the other two resigned
as n protest, with the result that
another election wll lhave to ba
Tlio price of copies of Pritchard's iiddnus to tho Jury, JMion's
address and tho history of the
Winnipeg blriltc has been reduced
to 10 cts.'per copy. Tile Winnipeg
defenso caiumlttrb is also Issuing
Defense Fund Stomps, the price of
which ts 25 cents each.
Montreal, Quebec—Total proBts
of the Spanish river pulp a'nd paper
mills equaled 22 tt per cent on its
common stock, last year, lt is announced. This profit wfts made
after liberal allowance for depreciation and all other charges, moulding royal salaries to managers, ware
Hank's hired man says: "When
the pepul do git a little hat up
abdut the deviltry goln' on, tho pol-
Itfshuns gab about tho world twin*
on fire, just as lf they hadn't bin
fryln' our fat for a long time." •
Next Week
Tho Rising Generation
Phone Seymour SMI
The Fascinating
Madame X.
Featuring Miss Elliott
Perry & Dolk
Of 419 Dunsmuir Street (Labor Templo)
Announce that after September 30th thoy will carry oa
business at ROOM 33, BURNS BLOOK (Next Pantages
The Hon. Gideon Robertson says there
is work for all, if men will work for rea»
sonable wages. We don't know just how
much the honorable gentleman receives,;
but no doubt if he will see that the men
are offered the same wages as he gets.;
there will be no jobs vacant. But then
we suppose that the minister of Labol
thinks he is different to common worki
ing men, and what he would consider sjjj
reasonable for that, type of individual, w
do not know. He may, however, cnlighi
en us before he loaves for the East,
The Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada convention decided to go to Winnipeg next year in order to "reclaim"
that city from the O. B. U. It certainly
would be a joko if tho Congress was regenerated by close contact with tho.Labor Movement in that oity. Judging jf om
the actions taken by the delegates at the
Windsor gathering, Congross certainly
needs some reclaiming,
After the remarks of Mr. Justioo Cave
on what hs termed tho conspiracy of the
general striko, wo do not wonder that the
Privy Couneil turntd down tho appeal in
tho Russell
We Have
Goods for
the Wet
Our Price* Aro Always Right—Ask lor Headlight.Overalls
Machinaw Coats
Maokinaw Shirts
Mackinaw Pants
Cans' heavy all-wool Pants
Heavy Sox -
Stanfield's Green Label
Red Label
Blue Labol
Blaok Label
Rubber Ooods
Coats and
Boots of all, makes.
Olive Long Ooat
Olive Medium Coat
Olive Extra Long Coat
Olive Short Coat
Also in Blaok Raintest
If It's an "Allan"
Engagement Ring
—for years to come the owner will
feel a source of pride and satisfaction
evory time she looks at lt
Because she knows It is  absolutely
"one of the very best" or "The Bona*
of Diamonds" wouldn't sell it.
You remember tbe Allan motto—"A.
Diamond IS what we ssy lt IS."
Well, that holds goad day in ood day
out. We haven't an inferior Diamond
ln stock.
"Ths House sf Dlsmoads"
MO-MI Granule Stntt
At Corner renin
Excellent quality, perfect
fitting, correct articulation, pleasing appearance,
skilled attention, featuraa
of dentistry at
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Dental Art Parlors *
805 Granville Street.
Cor. Robson    Over Owl Drug fleit
Pkona   Seymour   6338
Our Selling System
Quality fit Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
' value.
Two Stores
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both  stores
J. W. Foster
Suitable for Union Mooting?
Reasonable Terms; Central Location.
Apply to S01  Dominion Bldg.
Phono Seymonr SSS4
Mat'neo ...
Evenings .
Ring up Phone Seymonr JWM
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suite 101 Dominion Bulldlnf
444 Main St
18 and 20 Cordoya St W.
OHIo. Bonn:   10 t. 11 em., I to S
• p.m.   Kvenlnga: 11. ■ is. In'
Ssy, Wednesday ud Friday
Pkou ssy. one.
Dr. Willard Coates
OUreprtetM sad DrnglMS PhyeMM
(Successor to Dr. John Ony)
30-31-S2 P. Burns Bldf., lt Hastings
St., W., Veucouvor, B. O.
(Betweia Pantages Thc.tr. ud B, 0.
E. B. Station)
Phone Sey. SU      Day or Night
Nunn, Thomson A 0|egf
591 Homer St. Vancouver, & a
11(0 Oeergla Itnet
Sunday arnicas, 11 am. ut 1.10 Ht
Sunday achool Imm.diat.l7 Miens
morning sonic Wedneaday teallmoaW
mutiny, I pjn. Free nedlag turn,
MMM  Birks Bids.
Cnlon naolale, nit. tor prieM.  We
Hours:   10-11 a.m., 1-1 p.m.
Evenings l-l, Hon., Wed., Fri.
Dr. Edgar W. Moore
403-401-105 Garter-Cotton BMt.
Hastings and Cambie fits.
Phone Sey. 3SBS .
H. N. Nugent & Co.
Tents nnd Awnlnft, Carpenters' Aprons and Overalls, Pants
and extra clothing, Longshoremen's Hooks, eto. Estimates
given on all canvas work.
Vancouvor, B. 0.
Phono Boy. 4541
Funeral Directors
and Embalraers
Funerals of Dignity al Bate
Fairvlew: Office and Chapel,
23)1 OranviUe Street
Phone Bay 1200.
North Vancouver: Office aad
Chapel, 111 Sixth St, W.
Phone N. V. ltt.
Hount Pleasant:   Offloe and
Chapel, illt Main St
Phone Fairmont tl.
IS Hastings St. >.
0. B. V. OAM
FatroBlxs These Who Patronise Teal
SUPPOS1NO yoa waat ap le apeak
te a mu yea did sot knew,
and yoa blurted out "Helloi" Me
would doubtloea look ia woudetmoalet
you, and thon ho wonld aak: "whs
aro yout" Thon yon would apologise
for not Introduolng youraeli,
!»'• about tha aame thing who. yoa
aay "Hallo" whon anaworiag a Me-
phon. call. The peraon you ere opsafc-
let te does sot know who la al Se
other end of th. phona, ud natuia&y
k. question, who U apeaking.
Don't   say   "Hallo."
younelf firat thing.
Britiih Columbik Telephone Co.
M.F. EBY.B.A..M.E.
Swedish Massage, Radiant Heat aai
Electrical Treatments ol all klnda.
Pkone Bay 97T0L.  Heart I ts I and
Take Belt line Oat
Phone Sey. UTS. I. Peeress
Hot ul Cell Water—Steam Itmt
Booma Under New Uan.fom.aL
Baffat ud Mhek Counter la am-
Hake yoar hoaae tkare while la turn. FRIDAY September 24, 191*
twelfth year. no. ii   THE BRITISH^ COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   vancopvh. a. a
Wo manufacture and sell In the same building. This sans yon
• from 25 to 40 oents on yonr dollar.
For interior or exterior uae,
guaranteed to wear from I to
5 years: all oolors,
Per gallon ,41.80
Per nuart _ SSo
White, per gallon  ..$!.»»
Per quart .....S1.0O
Guaranteed to wear from I te
I years on exterior work; ordinary colorings. Per gal. fd.9B
Star colors, per gallon ....14.75
Outside White, gallon $5.00
Dries quiok, elastic like rubber, will stand heavy trafflc.
Per quart   |1.90
Per half gallon  I2.S6
Dries   hard   overnight,   good
gloss. Per quart  11.05
Per quart .  |1.«0
A Mil line of Brushes, Interior
VARNISH   STAINS — Woodwork, floors, furniture.
Per pint BOo
Per quart 1.... ..._..„ (Oo
Interior wall work and enamel
underooatlng, Fer pint ......SSo
Per quart ; .$1.18
Per gallon 14.25
Per pint
...<:.... 40o
Ber quart  70o
all shades ot brown and red,
in 4-gallon tins, af, gal. ..fl.SO
1-gallon tlna .$1.40
Oreen, ln 4-gal. tins, gal. ..$1.50
1-gal. Una ...... $1.00
rough exterior surfaces, In rsd
and brown, at per gal, .12.10
Orey and grain, gallon ....$2:45
Stain* eta,, at similar prloea,
One Block from Hastings Street Tram Olllce.  Phone Sey. $40
New Fall
Suits and
Our first big shipment of Fall Suits
and Overcoats is now
20th Century Brand Clothing Made in Canada
See our windows for all the new models
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
Men's and Boys' Clothiers
2 Stores
309 HASTINGS W.        623 GRANVILLE ST.
Established *0 Tears
Halls forMeetings
For terms apply J. O. SMITH, 804 Pender.Btreet Wost
O. B. V. Headquarters Phone Seymour 301
a  '■ ■
Vast Sums Received By
French Papers Befor*
Great War
By Max Worth,
(European stall Writer fer The
Federated Press.)
Parlf—Newspaper power, bought
by an unfriendly (nation for the
purpose of raising a loan that was
intended to spent at gun factories,
furnishes the latest French scandal
Ths Socialist and labor papers aro
full ot lt. The representative! °t
big-business ars saying ' nothing
about lt. "L'Humanlte" makos the
exposure, f
The factt were brought oilt In
connection with the recent trial of
Caillaux. His accusers, thinking to
incriminate htm*, made an investigation of the affaire of the Ottoman Bank; discovered that three
million francs had 'gone, during
1913, into a "publicity" fund; pro
ceeded to inquire into the whys
and wherefores of the expenditure,
and ln the course of the inquiry,
revealed tho widespread corruption
of the capitalist press ot Paris.
Leon Renter, the man charged
with the direction of the campaign,
described Its beginnings ae follows:
"At the end of the Turko-Balkan
war, that is, lf my memory ls correct, In the oarly days ot 1918, I
was asked by the Turkish Ambassador In Paris to take charge of a
publicity campaign in the French
papers which would present ln a
clear light, the economlo position
of Turkey. ... I accepted this
mission, not without having spoken
about lt with the Minister of Foreign Affairs, who was at that time
M. Stephen piohon Ho approved
of, and even encouraged the project."
At the same time, two Paris
banks undertook ths task of floating Turttlsh bonds. On this point
M. Charles Dumont, Minister of
Finance wrote in a letter of December 1,1911, that the funds so raised
were to be used to meet certain
maturing Turkish obligations, and
to pay for the cruisers that Turkey
had recently purchased ln England
and France.
Bankers, ministers, and publicity
agents were thus united to persuade the French publlo that Turkey should-be provided with funds
destined ts be ussd for the purchase of munitions of war—munitions that were used with deadly
effeot against the Allies two yoars
later1 in the Oallipoli campaign.
At this point tha newspapers come
in They were the medium through
which It was necessary to reaoh
tho public, "he Matin" received
170,000 frsines; "La Libre Parole,"
50,000 francs; "Le Temps," 120,-
000 francs; "Le Petit Parisien,"
120,000 francs; Agence Haves
(news agenoy), 21,000 f&ncs; "Le
Oaulols," 90,000 francs; "Le Journal," 282,500 francs, etc. In ail,
the leading capitalist papers ot
France'received, during the latter
part of 1918 and the early months
of 1914 (many of the sums were
paid as late as Juns, 1114) a sum
of 2,000,000 franos.
Of course the funds were not paid
directly to the papers. They went
to Individuals, but the official report
makes clear their destination.
The Turkish loans were as sue-
oess.   Funds wore raised through
Union Men-Be Shoe Wise
Here's Your Best Chance of the Season
The prioe of shoes will not drop for months—if then; bnt HEBE is where the prices are
out and slashed to the bono in
A Sweeping Sale of Shoes
A chance to SAVE many dollars. I am
The entire atock of the TALE SHOE STOBE at 306 Hastings West, and I'm selling it
at prices that, in most instances, are far below those asked today by the manufacturer.
You can buy here such makes as BELL'S, SLATER'S, BLAOHFOBDS, LECKIE, CLAS.
SIC, HURLBITT, AMES-HOLDEN, MePHERSON, eto.—shoes you,know. Careful, at.
perienced fitters will serve you. Exchanges may be made any day before 11 a.m. Will
you SAVE, or pay the highest'prices t It's up to you I
$8 to $10 Shoes
Sale Price	
$9 to $10 Shoes,
Sale Price ... ~
$10 to $12 Shoes,
Sale Price ,	
$12 to $14 Shoes,
Salo Prioe	
$12.60 to $15 Shoes,
Sale Price .-.	
$13.50 to $16 Shoes,
Sale Prioe	
Boys' $5.50 to $6.50
Shoes, Sale Prjce	
.Youths' $5 to $5.50      An qsi
Shoes, Sale Price «P<l>.OU
$7 to $9 Shoes,
Salo Price	
$6 to $10 Shoes,
Sale Price.	
$8.50 to $12 Shoes,
Sale Prioe _
$9 to $12.50 Shoes,
Sale Price.. ..__
$10 to $15 Shoos
Sale Prioe	
$14 to $18 Shoes,
Sale Prioe	
Hisses' $6 Shoes,
Sale Price.	
Children's $5 to $6 Shoes, Sale Priee
J3.80 *"> $4.80
Closing Out
The Yale Shoe Store Stock
2 Doors West of Dominion Bank Bid;.
Capitalist Society Being
Swept Aside By
Br « flpioUl Correspondent tot the
.Federated Preu.
Hdltor'i Note.—Thli story, written ln the middle of August, Is In
a straight line with what is happening in Italy this month—the
seizure ot 400 factorial by the
workers, tha establishment of committees to see that hungry people
are fed, and the threat of general
nationalisation of industries if the
employers do not grant the tollers
a decent wage.
Rome, Italy, August IB—The
waters of social discontent hi Italy
gain in swiftness. They flow along
with a growing roar. Dltoes set up
by the established political order
ara insecure. They bend outwardly and there are many leaks.
Those who rule the land are not
blind to this; they know that the
coming of the social revolution te
only a question of time ahd they
have adopted the sanest method
possible to prevent bloodshed and
terror. In no country in the world
ls there a better probability that
the great ohange will bome peacefully or at least comparatively so.
This is due to the fact that the
authorities permit the utmost freedom of discussion on all political
and industrial subjects. Workers
and intellectuals who have seen
the light are banding together ln a
oommon purpose of freeing their
country from the capitalist system.
Of course, lt may not all be so
simple as that. The capitalists
themselves are no less sensitive
about having their profits taken
away from them than are the capitalists of America, England or
France. They have a habit of provoking fights and internal clashes
among their employees when signs
of discontent appear.
We may expect enormous strikes
ln the next two months with the
power of the workers Increasing.
There Is a sentiment also toward
the establishment of Soviets to gov.
ern both basic industries and industrial cities, and It Is not improbable that before many months
the Italian government may be displaced by the soviet. This may
not come tomorrow nor next week,
but it may come very suddenly,
quite as lf it had been decided upon
Tet the change will hs different
from the Russian change. There
ls a wide gulf between the Italian
nature and the Russian nature, although almost everyone In Italy,
ln whatever walk of life, condemns
the attitude of the Entente towarda
Russia and wants to see the Russian people gain fredom and build
a genuine democracy.
The new social structure in Italy
will be founded differently from
the Russian structure. There will
be less thought of the material
conception of history in the planning and building. There seema to
be something mbre spiritual, more
ethereal about the Italian revolutionary plan. One might say that
the splrit-flres lighting the revolutionary road are whiter than anywhere else—memories ot Mazzini
feeding the flame.
Perhaps this comparison Is illusion; lt may be that I am too close
to all these things here. But there
can be no question about what ls
going to be done in Italy. Capitalist
society must go, that Is Inevitable.
Blacklist Used By Mine
Owners Causing
While agitation and action ls
taking plaoe in Europe for the
ownership and control of the mining industry by the workers, the
following etory Illustrates a good
reason why the workers of this
continent ahould seriously consider
the sama subject.
Butte—Methods of the mining
companies tn Tonopah, Nov., ln
getting rid of "undesirable" workers, are described ln a letter received by a local unionist from a
miner in that city. In his communication, the writer states that
he had gone to work tn the Tonopah mines about the middle of
July, and a few days ago was unceremoniously "canned" without
being given any reason for his discharge.
The miner askea the timekeeper
at the mine for his tyupltal card,
the letter states, and was told "it
would not do him any good; he
couldn't work ln Tonopah any
more anyway." He Irislsted
having the'card, however, stating
that he had paid for it, and lt was
finally given to htm.
When he went to the local bank
to cash his pay check, he states,
he was told by the cashier that he
would have to leave the olty. No
battel' demonstration, he writes,
could be given of the iron-clad cooperation of masters in getting rid
of unruly slaves.
Montreal—Workers on the Cana,
dlan National Railways will refus<
to accept the 20 per cent, wage in
crease offered recently by the government, according to H. F. Lawrence, chairman of the Canadian
Brotherhood of Railroad employes,
French banker's trom the French
people. The Turks were equipped
with the necessary munitions, and
within a few months, these muni
tions were letting the best blood of
France. In this whole transaction
the press was the essential link.
Without lt, no bonds; without the
bonds, no monoy; without tho
money, no munitions.
"Therefore," writes the "Drait du
Pouple," "worker's, buy overy morning "Le Petit Parisien," "Le Matin,"
"Le Journal." You will bave much
paper with which Jo light your fires
and the Turks, or somebody olse,
will havo much gold with whloh
to light wars."
Government Control or the Prohibition Act
In view of the plebiscite to be taken on the
20th October, a short history of Prohibition in
Canada is here printed.
The Prohibitionists, it will be seen, ara
preaching no new gospel, but that the campaign
for Prohibition is merely a revival of {Jl the
useless turmoil created by the movement of a
generation ago—useless because no reform can
be born of intolerance.
British Columbia alone of all the Provinces,
kept clear of local option.
It adopted the present Prohibition Act in
1916, largely as'a war measure. This Act has
been amended from time to time at the request
of the Prohibitionists. ,
British Columbia will vote it out on October
20th, because it does not work.
The Prohibitionists who engage (declaimera
from distant parts outside the Province to tell
us what to do, and how to do it, and who tell ua
in their published advertisements that we
should be guided by what the State of South
Carolina, U. S. A. does, and what the town of
Carlisle in England does* have failed to appreciate the fact that British Columbians, who in
the course of years, have by high-spirit, boundless optimism and strenuous labor brought the
Province to its present state—who have within
a generation built a railroad over the roughest
mountains oh the continent, and.at the end of it
have built a city twice as large as the largest
city in South Carolina, U.S.A., and the town of
Carlisle in England put together, do not care
much about what is done ornot done in a State
where they burn negroes at the stake, or what
is done, or not done in a town less than the size
t of Hamilton, Ontario.
1   British Columbians, in other words, feel mort
1 or less self reliant. They feel able to decide the
question of' Moderation or Prohibition for
1 themselves, without the aid of paid professional
purists and demagogues from outside the Province.
The man who breaks the trail, who hangs a
railway along the side of a precipice, who rivetl
the plates on greftt ships, or who earns hia living by the sweat of his brow in the logging
camp—is it reasonable to think that he will
meekly accept dictation aa to what he shall eatj
and what he shall drink from soft handed theo-..
rists, who are able to get up from tbeir leather-
seated offlce chairs at any time they feel thirsty
and dissipate on an ice cream soda or nut
sundae? .
The workmgs"of the Act have been seen oyer
a course of years.
The Moderation League asks every Elector
to compare his and her 'own knowledge of tto
workings of oar Prohibition Act and the
Article from the Pall Mall Gazette of 80 yeara
Has history repeated itself or has it not?
Does it not show plainly that the real and only
stumbling block in the way of Temperance reform is the ill-considered; intolerant legislation
of the Prohibitionists themselves?
In 1906 without any pressure from any Prohibitionists, the City Council of Vancouver, of
whom none at that time was a Prohibitionist,
decreed ihe closing of drinking saloons.
The Civic legislation bringing this decree into
effect was copied in practically every city and
town of Canada. THAT .was a step towards
true reform. '   .
Now by universal consent the open bar has
been abolished. THAT is another atop towards
true temperance.
Government Control of the sale of intoxicating liquors of pure quality in quantities consistent with temperance and moderation, with
penalties-for its abuse is the next logical stop.
(Reprinted from the Pall Mall Gazette, Extra No. 68, of
1898, being one of a series of articles on tht liquor lawi
of the world.)
For over a quarter of a century the drink question hai
been one of the most pressing problems ill Canadian
■ politics, and the results of the efforts made to solve it
there should pro^e of real value to temporanee reformers
on both sides of the Atlantic. Compared with England,
Canada is decidedly a sober country. In some parts total
abstinenoe is the rule rather than the exoeption, the
average consumption of drink is considerably less, aad
the liquor traffic has been for many years under strict
regulation. Though the licensing laws differ in the
various provinces,^ they are everywhere mueh in advance
of those at home. Sunday closing is universal, no drink
can be sold on election days, and on Saturdays the taverns have to be shut up at 6 or 7 o'clock in the evening.
High license prevails in many of the oities, the penalties
for serving minors or drunken persons are very heavy,
and a limited form of looal option gives communities
power to sweep away almost the whole of the drink
shops in their borders. . The result of theso measures
may be seen by the faot that while in England the an-
nual consumption of drink is thirty-four gallons per
head, in Canada it is only four.
In spite, of the faet that these laws had been working
very well, the temperance party early in the seventies'
started an agitation to obtain out-and-out prohibition.
Petitions poured in on Parliament, and such pressure
was brought to bear on individual members that the
Government finally decided to introduce an Act whioh
would give the people in every city or county the right
to interdict the traffic there. The framing of the
measure was left in the hands of the Hon. Robert Soott,
a well-known lawyer and a member of the Government,
and he drew up a Bill which at the time seemed ai
stringent and as workable as possible. The "Scott Act,"
as it was at once universally called, provided that on
one-quarter of the electors of auy city or county petitioning —0 Governor-General, he should cause a direct
vote to be taken as to whether the place was to come
under the Act or not. A bare majority would decide
either way, and once the election was held the question
could not be reopened for thrft years. At the end of
that time the defeated party might demand another
election. If the people decided to come under the Aet,
all licenses in their district would lapse at the end of
the year, without any compensation being paid to the
license-holder, and then the ordinary manufacture or
sale of intoxicating liquor* would be absolutely prohibited, except for sacramental, medical, or mechanioal
purposes. The penalties provided for attempting te
evade the law were—$50 for the first offense, $100 for
the second, and not more than two months' imprisonment for eaoh subsequent conviction. .Everything waa
done to make the recovery of the penalties as simple
as possible; there was no power of appeal, and, while
it was the special duty of the collectors of Inland
Revenue to see that the law was enforced, any private
individual had the power to institute a prosecution.
This Aot was reoeived with almost universal approbation. Macdonald snd Mackenzie, the two leading
Canadian statesmen, supported it, and in May, 1878, it
was read for the second time in the House of Commons without a division. It received the Royal assent
the same month and beoame law. Within the next
seven years it was submitted to seventy-seven electoral
districts, and was accepted by sixty-one. The majorities for it were usually overwhelmingly large. In
York 1,215 electors voted for the Act, and only 69
against; in Prinoe th* figures stood, 2,062 for, 271
against, ond in many other places the proportion wa*
much the same. But the hot enthusiasm for prohibition did not last very long. Communities that had
voted to go under the Aet became first lukewarm on
the matter and then hostile; and iWwa* won apparent
to all tbat in the majority of place* the —at eould not
be enforced. The revenn* returns showed, it to true,
a most decided diminution in the consumption ot liquor.
Comparing the statistic* for th* ten year* ending 1888
with those for the ten ending in 1878, th* per capita
reduction was 39 per eent. in spirit*, 8 per eent. in
beer, and 49 per cent, in win*. But this apparent reduction was almost altogether neutralized by the, great
increase in smuggling. The coast line of the seaboard province* ia so extensive that even the utmost
yigUano* of th* Government cannot altogether put^
this down, and the extent to whioh it prevails may
be shown by the estimate of Lieutenant-Colonel Forty—e, chief of the police in Quebec, that in a single
year 5,000 barrel* of liquor were landed by smugglers at one place, St. Pierre Miquelon. Before long
the law became in a large proportion of plaoe* nothing
but a dead letter.
In Ontario the temperance party is very strong, and
the Aot was adopted in th* year* 1884 and 1885 by
about two-third* of the province. A vigorous attempt
was made to carry it out, but in vain. In aome place*
the number of illicit liquor saloons exceeded the former
number of licensed ■houses; all manner of devices
were used to evade the law, and medjeal forms, authorizing a supply of drink under medical orders,
could be obtained from the publicans, ready signed, in
any required quantity. The drink party organized a,
system of terrorism in order to prevent legal proceedings from being taken. Ontario had enough of the
Act, and as soon as possibl* it was repealed in every
county of the province.
Many other part* followed suit, and repeal haa since
been general. Prinoe Edward's Island, whioh wu one
of the firat places to adopt the Aot, still remains under
it in all but one county. But in spite of ita having
nominal prohibition, some 30,000 to 40,000 gallons of
liquor are brought into it annually, under the supervision of the Customs, besides what is smuggled. Charlottetown, the one district in the province which has
.repealed the Act, only required 359 more gallons of
drink the year after the repeal and the establishment
of free trade in drink than it had done before. In
New Brunswick, which ha* over half of its counties
under the Act, the Oovernment reported in 1890 that
"In communities there is a strong publie sentiment in
favor of the Act; it has worked well, and lessened in
a marked degree the evils resulting from drinking in
taverns. This is true more particularly of country districts. In the larger towns and cities the Act has not
been so well enforced, and the committee think it can
Hot bo truthfully said that very beneficial results have
as a general rule followed it* adoption in such cities
and town*." The Government of NoVa Scotia reported
at thc same time that the Aot had not realized in Halifax
the expectations of the advocates of prohibition. Though
no bars are allowed by the law, it is alleged that there
are as many as there were before, that holders of shop
licenses sell to persons who drink on the premises, and
that there is, as before, much selling by unlicensed
Thc Canadian Alliance, the extreme temperance party
thiffe, is now trying to secure, not'merely^ an optionary
prohibition Bill, but a stringent measure that will apply
to the whole of the Dominion. There is practically no
likelihood of their succeeding in this, but to satisfy
thc temperance sentiment the Government has recently
appointed a Boyal Commission to inquire into the
whole matter. Judging from what the Commission
has already done, there is little prospect of its effeoting
much; but in the evidence ao far tendered before it
there has been a remarkable unanimity on one point-
namely, that desirable as prohibition may theoretically
be, it is impossible to enforce it in the seaboard prov*
inces while publie opinion remains a* it is there.
603 Hastings St. W. Vancouver, B.C.
Henry O. Bell-Irving, Chairman R. A. Corbet, Secretary PAGE SIX
Tbls bird ts a Phoenix, emblem of immortality, who never
died but rose rejuvenated—a new phoenix—from Hi own
funeral pyre. We have done the same and are now ready
to take your order for MEN'S FALL
SUITS at $46
»S0       *SS      *S0      Uld       »7S
Come and see our splendid workshops. See how we genuinely build your clothes to flt you ln fliiest custom style.
See our Immense etock of woolens. An investigation of
our store, stock and shop will show yoy how and why we
do ten times the trade of any other custom tailor and oan
sell at prices 20, 30 and even 50 per cent. lest. Itt the big
buslneas we do.
Between Colombia mid Main        (Near Carnegie 1
•mtMsmmmim union SHOP ■
The One Big Union
Published hy the Winnipeg Central Ubor Oonneil
Bead the News ftom tht Pnlrle Httnpolli
Subscription prioe fa.OO per year; fl.00 for six monthi
Address all communications with respect to subs aal advts., te
HARRY WIUJCOCK6, Business Manager, Roblln Hotel, Adelaide Street, Winnipeg, Man. Communtoatlona to Miter should
be addressed to 3. HOUSTON, same address.
_,    . _. _ 2°"d hr *** leaf. nbufiptln to ns
4 /\   C    L      f        J        *■ °- *M*te*——*, will iii m»IM ts
III ?—m     I   AITIC      *9   alien,    la    Cassis   Ior    111.10
IV WUUi   VOI US     (Oood emhue eatslds  of Tutono
oily.) Prior Isa toisf. BoaJI wboaooM.
Vancouver Unions
vijrtouvut Tunis hid uboi
0OUM01L—ProsUoat, J. M, Olsrko;
jleo-tnslloat, A. W. Hstlor; aoorotarx
It. SssHk; maaanr, A. I. Wolls:
eueua.u.nu. K Homo; tnut.M.
thn, TaaiaMoa, jlemwriikt aad Midi-
hr.  Hoots trt Wodaosday eaok auntk
Hsll, soraor et renin aad
■MU. Wattt lor. SSI.
oB—Hoots   soooad   Hsado   U   Iks
•Mia.    rnoMut, ). I. UeCetta.ll:.u.
Wmn. B. HTKoolSBdl. r. O. Be. jj.	
IIS3I BRBWB5S; oouwintal
aad Bolaforood Iroaworkors, Loool »T
E-Hoels seasad aad foartk Mondays.
fMldoal Jas. Hutlago; laaaelal soe-
•stan sat Inseeror, Hey Hanoear, loom
til Ubor Tosiplo.
■wann .ar-tt*, nr rat
Lusksi ladulry (samp aad Bill)
■set witk follow workors In tkat ladas-
lay. Ortaalso late tho Luabor Workon
laduMal Oalon of tko O. B. V. Hoad-
, 11 Cordon St. W., Vaatoaror.
. Tile.
Employooo,  Ploaoor DltUlon, No. 101
—Hooto A. O. F. BsIL Mount Pliuut.
lit aad Ird Mondays al 10.15 >.■. aad /
loot; troanror, I. Hdaway; Sasaelsl
ooorotsry aad baslaus agont, W. — Oot-
troll, 1101 Samfrtos Slroot; ofleo
—read Mala Sis. nm Mr. I
Prior l
gnoldoat, O. B. OoUlor; soon
aror, «. H. lljelnJi. In SS.
so oorner
Aaorlea, Looal fioTlTS—Mootings bold
Snt Hoaday In osok nontb, 8 p.m7 Pn»
A. Osloaly; rieepruldsat, B.
Moat, A.
Lawsoa; neortlag soontsry, C. Mo-
Donald, P. 0. Boa 101, Pkoao Oefmeu
llllLilbaaolal soerotery, *. Toaylotoa,
MB—Ot 4roRkESS' BFff or fH
0. B. V.—Pnildont, ». W. HaUoy;
eeentary, I. 0. Bmltk. Moots lot Wod-
aoossr la oook moath ia Poador Hall,
set. of Poador aad Howe struts.   Pkoao
BATIL 135 BisTAURAin! Iff
ployoM, Local Str-MooU erery soeoad
Wolaoaday Is tko montk al S:«0 pm.
aad oray fourtk Wodaoodsy ia tko montk
at 1:10 p.m. Pnildont, John Caamlngl,
eeontiry sad beilaooo stent, A. Orshom.
Moo sad mooUag Ull, eii Poador St.
W. Pkoao Soy. 1SS1. OBoo koen, S
aja. le 0 p.
Anoolalloa, Looal «»-52—Offloo and
Ian, ISS Cordora St. W. MooU Int
aad tklrd trlden, S p.m. Boentsry-
Insonnr, Tkomss Mlxon; bualnon sgont,
Petor Blaelslr.
on' Ualon—MooU Snd and 4th Fri-
dayo, SOS Labor Tomplo. ProiWont, W.
WUion. 3289 Oranrilli Stroot: sserstary,
I. T. Kolly, 1880 Hsstings St. «.: ro-
eordlng-iocrotary, L. Holdsworth, 680—
14th 81. W.. North VenoooTor,
duitrlsl Unit of tho One Big Union—
An lnduitrlil anion of sll worken ln log'
glag snd construction coupi. Cosit Dlitrlet and Oenersl Heidquirten, 81 Cordora St. W., Vsneourer, B. 0. Phono Sty.
TB68. E, Winch, genernl seeretsry.
treasurer; legs! sdvlien, Meun. Bird,
Mscdonsld k Co., Vsneourer, B. 0.; audi-
Ion. Henri. Buttsr t Ohleni, Vsneourer B. 0
tho 0. B. U. meet In their nnion hsll
at Roomi 8 snd 4 Empire Hotol, 76 Hutlngi Kilt, flnt snd third Wedneidsr In
tke month.    Frraldont  V.   Owtm:  rice-
fnildont, D. Csrlln-. oeoretiry. Esrl King.
hone fipy. 0898
Lnmber lnduitry, orgsnlio into tho L.
W. I. U. of tho 0. B. U. Mllhrork-
on, bnnoheo moot ss follows:
Vancouver—Lumber Worken' boidquir-
ten, 81 Cordora SI. W. Erery Monday
lsw Wntmlmtw—Lsbor HsU, ser. Boysl
Aro. snd 7th Bt. Snd snd 4tk Wednn
dsys st 8 p.m.
frsier Hills—Old Moring Picturo Then,
tre, MslllsrdrlUs. Snd and dth Thunder, 8 pjn.
Port Moody—Orango Hsll, Snd Friday,
erery month, st 6 p.m,
on' Unit ot the Ono Big Cnlon, Metal-
llferom Miners—Vsncouver, B. 0., besd-
eusrturl, 81 Cordora Street Weit. All
workers engaged In this industry sn
srged to loin lho Union beforo going on
Ihe lob. Don't wait to be organized, but
ergsniio yonriclf.
North America (Vincouver snd vicinity)—Branch meet! leeond snd fonrth
Mondays, Room 204 Labor TeiuiilB, President, Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave, North
Vancouver; flnanclal secretary, E. Qod*
Sard, 866 Richard! Btreet; recording lee.
rotary, J. D. Russell, S28 Commercial
Drive.    Phon.   High. 'J204R.
en Bridgemen, Dcrrickmon ond Riggers
of Vancourer snd vicinity. Merto every
Monday, 6 p.m., in 0. B. U. Hull, 804
Pender St. W. Frosidenl, T. L. Hewitt:
flnanclal iecretary and buainess agent, E.
Home.  Phone, Heymuur 2,91.
on—You need tho Cimp Workers uf
your industry. Thoy noed yon. OrgBiiirt
together ln the 0. B. U. Indutirlal Unit
of your occupation.   Delegate!  on  erery
Sob, or writo the District Headquarters.
11 Cordovs St. W., Vsncouver. Entrance
"is, 81-00; monthly dues, 81.00.
Fasteners, I.L.A.. Local Union 88A,
Borlti 6—Moot! tho 2nd and 4th Fridays
ef ths month, Lsbor Temple, 8 p.m
President, William Maylor: flnsnclsl soontary snd business agent, M. Phllpl:
corresponding secretory, W, Loo. Offloo,
Koom S07 Lsbor Tomple.
TyPoOBAPHIOAL    UHIOtl    Xo.   >9C
MeeU lut  Bunday of  oseh  montb  it
I pm.   Pnildont,   A.   I   Bobb:   vlco-
Provincial Unions
Tiotom, 1, 0,
aad Laker Ooaaoll—MooU int aad
third Wedneedaye, Kalghu   ef   Pytklu
Hall, Hortk Park Strset, at g p.m. Pml-
deat, 1. S. Woodward; rleo-preeldont,
AC. Pike; eeenlaiy-trsseanr, Ohiistiaa
Slrirta, P. 0. Boa 801, Vlolorts, », tt
HmU Int aad tklrd Frtdsy osok month
at 1414 Government Stnet.  Tklrd Friday
epoa fonua.   Soontary, I, WsUnoa.
JWdtil  -VtB-i VhADIS ANfi Li-
" bor Oonaoll—MooU soeoad aad fourtk
Tuesdays of eaek month. In CsrpenUn'
Hill.   Prosidont, S. D. McDonald; rice-
Snildsat, A. lllli: seeretsry, Geo. Wed-
ell. Boa STS. Prince Rnpert, 1). 0.
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Moot! erery Teee-
dsy In ths Helatyre Hell et S p.m. Hosting! open to ell 0. B. U. memben. lee-
rotiry-trosiurir, X. Booth. Boa SIT
Prinoe Report, B. 0.
ef tke One Big Union, meets erery
Wodnesdey night la tho 0. B. U. Bell,
10888—101st SI. A. Mogridgo, Insnelst
secretory; E.sPalmsr, reeordlng soontary.
Tolophoao Sey. S401
Home Fhoas B-r 1887L
S1S   Standard Bank Building
S10 Hsstings St. W., Vancouver, B. 0.
twelfth year,  no. 39     TflE BRITISH  CCMlMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver.
Dr. De Van's French Pills
A roliablo Rogulatlng Pill for Women, |S
a boa. Bold at all Drag Storei, or mslled
to sny sddreii ea receipt of prloo. The
Scobell Drag Oo., Si Osthsrtaos, Ontario.
Editor" B. C. Federationist: Sir,
—In your laet Issue Is an amount
of what you call a "vicious attack"
on me made at the Dominion
Tradee Convention In Windsor. Possibly the defense made by "Jimmy"
Simpson of Toronto le sufflclent,
but I should like the opportunity ot
commenting o'n several ot the state,
ments concerning my actions.
Varley le credited with saying, "I
condemn the entrance Into it (the
Labor Party) ot men of the bour-
geolee middle clasa In the West
it haa In it men who have either
reached their limit In the pulpit or
have been blown out of the pulpit'
So far as my own case Is concerned I left "the pulpit" many years
ago to engage In practical social
work among our Immigrants.
I found how largely the ohurch
was dominated by reactionary
thinking and capitalistic Interests,
I resigned—entirely ot my own
free will. I entered the labor
movement when I had to look for
a Job. When the bourgeois and
labor forces lined up In Winnipeg,
lt ls well known where I stood,
We were not quite so snre of some
of those who claim to be the (rov-
ernment recognized representatives
of labor I
Farmilo la credited with say-
Ing, "It was my experience to have
to go into various local unions and
work against the Insidious propaganda of some of these gentlemen for another organization particularly the "One Big Union." We
mutt expose these things. Immediately atter the trials In Winnipeg,
the city of Edmonton was visited
by Rev. J. S. Wandsworth, who
holds a card ln the Longshoreman's
Union. He did advocate things In
the local movement whieh haa cost
the trades union movement thousands of dollars to bring us back
to a stable condition."
Mr. Farmilo has apparently borrowed the term "hisldtous propaganda" from the government officials and like them does not consider It at all necessary to advance
any proof, Vague charges and
abuse are not worth answering.-
But Mr. Farmilo does refer to a
visit whloh I paid to Bdmonton.
What are the faots. I went under
the auspices of tht Winnipeg Defence Committee on which at that
tlmt sat representatives of the International Trades and Labor Com
oil. At tha Invitation of the president, I addressed the Edmonton
Trades and Labor Counoll. At that
meeting Alf. Farmilo was In the
vice-president's ohalr. I explained
the work of the Defense Committee.
I dealt with the rumors even then
In circulation that the defense funds
were being used for O. B. U. propaganda. I made a plea for flnanolal and moral support of the men
en trial, questions were aiked. . I
think, though I am not positive',
that a resolution In favor of the
Defense Commlttet was pasted. A
number expressed themselves as
entirely satisfied. Farmilo did not
say a word.
Whert was tht "Insidious propaganda"? While working for a
oommlttee on which wert members
both af tht American Federation
of Lahor and tht 0. B. V. I tried
aa far ag possible te avoid dlscue-
sleta of the relative merits ot the
two organizations. I havt my oWn
opinions and I havt not hesitated
to express them, but I have tried-
to play fair. Let Varley and Farmilo and Gideon Robertson make
thtlr eharget definite and bring
forward their proofs. Surely
nothing less ls, on their part, fair
play. Itt tasy to hark from a sate
Bring Greetings Fr|p|
British W<f|
(Continued from pagt*
London—Oeorge Bernard Shaw,
the famout dramatist, has undertaken supervision of the public propaganda dapartmant ot tht Miners'
Ftdtratlon, with a view to securing
adequate presentation ot their oast
In tht tvtnt a ttrlkt Is called.
Veterans of tke Great W«r
Wt will dyt your great eoat bottle green, brown or black, take
ott shoulder straps, put on new
buttons and makt It look llkt a
olvy eoat, all for tB.B0.
Mall Orden Promptly Attended
7 Little Tailors
lit Oarrall Stnet
Reitom Vim swd Vitality; for Kerr* u4
Brain; increase! "fnr matter;" a Tonic
—will boild 70a ap. |S a box, or two for
#5, ftt dru atom, or bj mall on reoilpt
of price. Tht Scobtll Drag Co., Ik, Ofttk*
arlufli, Ontario.
Houra:   10-12;  2-5.   ETcningi hy ap.
lio inline nt.
Oor.  Oranvillo and Fendar SU.
Phona Say, 8633
Ballard's Furniture Store
Phona Say. 9137
Wo always carry ia etock a good
selection of dlntaf-room, parlor, kitchen and bedroom furniture, alio
linoleum and medium priced carpet
■quarea, rugi, etc. We can aave yon
money aa wa ara out of tba high rent
on real Easy Terms
We hare the best ttock In
town, and treat yon right.
Linos, carpets, beds, bedding, chairs, tables, suites,
ete., etc, etc
Furniture Co.
Opposite Olty Ball
the success attained by the British
workers but far exceed lt."   ...
Then he made reply to the clerical adviser of the Catholio unions,
who said, ln Montreal the. other
day, that the clergy and others running the clerical unions were not
agalni" the American Fedoration of
Labor unions, although they certainly did counsel them against
"We all receive gratuitous advice and gratuitous Insults from
those who do not work with us"
the BrltlBh delegate said. "I see
by the papers where one cleric ls
presuming not to dictate your policy
but to suggest to you the UneB on
which you should proceed."
He then answered' Winston
Churchill, the British Minister of
War, who declared labor could not
administer Britain's affaire.
"In the early stages of the war
who made an appeal to the British
workers," he said. "No section responded more loyally. Ninety per
cent of the men who went into the
trenches were- fr'om our ranks,
white we comprised 90 per cent of
the men and women who produced
the munitions. Now there ls
outside enemy no longer. Yet they
tell you that we have not the'ehar.
aoter, capacity or training to govern.
Attacks Churchill
"One of the most pronounced
and bitter opponents of labor ts
the Right Honorable -Winston
Churchill Minister ot War, and
grandson of the seventh Duke of
Marlborough, who came Into possession of their estates by subterfuge.
"The Right Honorable Winston
Churchill, the gambler ot Qalll-
poli; raider' of Rusaia; formenter
of Industrial strife, who was flrst a
Tory, then a Liberal then a coalitionist, who never had a prlnolple;
who ls as unstable as water ahd the
Jack Cade ot politics. This Is the
record of England's statesmen who
telle the Labor party that It Is unlit to govern. He says this to a
party that has openly opened its
ranks to every man, woman and
child In the United Kingdom.
'Many-people imagine the Industrial unrest In the old eountry is
due to and arises out of the war.
It ls not the whole truth. We had
In Oreat Britain what you wtll not
have to contend with here—we had
the old feudal landed aristocracy
which owned the earth of Gt-eat
Britain. It not only owned, the
earth, but every Individual Wheoex-
lsted on lt. They failed to their
duty. Beoauee they failed In their
duty there came Into existehcarthe
Industrial economle syBterao.'Shle
group Is typfled by 'gettingorich
Quick,' 'climbing over theie neighbors' and a belief hi 'buyingilrt-lhe
cheapest market and sellingrin ithe
deadest.' It believes In taklng.llttle
children at.Ave or six yeattuand
placing them ln tho mines.. aluoi
"The Trade Union party! isnithe
Labor party of Oreat Brltabsir It
has decided it will attempt tei.gov-
trn ln a much more equitably .winner than the old feudal landedifys-
tem or the Industrial lords -of the
present century.
In Throes of Oreat Changes
"Oreat Britain is fn the throes of
great changes. The miners are on
the eve of striking. Why? The
miners were the most poorly paid
before the war. They forced a
wagt advance during the war, not
because they were less loyal than
any other group, but beoause the
wealth was In the hands of. the
rich. Coal It one ot our great
natural resources. No man put the
minerals In the bowels of the earth
and no man has a right to make
pr'oflts out ot them.
'If It Is necessary In the national
interests to Intensify production
British labor is willing, to do bo,
but It does not Intend to build up
great bank accounts.
'I law In Canada the other day
a statement Imploring the workers
to believe that It was essentially In
the national Interests to dispose of
the excess profits tax ln order' to
aid development. That Is not true
to the extent that some of your
leaders writers would make out.
"The wealth of Britain has been
created by the most Inhuman sacrifices ever perpetrated. Men went
to war and gave their all while
their men and women went into
the workshops and expended all
their energy.
"During tht period these people
made an Increase of 4,100,000,000
pounds sterling. Seventy per cent
of tha wealth Is controlled by one
per eent of the population and 845
people made 829 million Increased
war wealth during the war.
'While we do not desire class
legislation we are determined now
te form a new system of society.
Vaat classes of the population are
steeped In poverty and degradation. No longer are we going to
tolerate that.
"Let me give a word of warning to the men and women of
Canada. The British laboi' movement has made many mistakes.
Time after time lt hat defeetd
constituted authority by .iftlF"'
action. How do you think you are
going to tuccctdt One thlnr that
defeats you In tht tnd Is 4tr*rt
London—Considerable stlf , has
bttn caused by a newt ttory ,ta. the
Dally Herald revealing the,t Boy
Scouts wore being uted as ijtrlke-
breakers In a atrlke of gas wprkers
at Sandown, Isle of Wight ,1jffien
the men walked out, the ga^.company officials called for voluntwrs,
and the scouts responded,,,,,™
strike was caused by the employers'
refusal to pay the recent national
award to the gas workers.    H.f,.
The announcement that British
East Africa—not German East Af-
rlca—has been annexed by the British orown will come as a surprise
to those who supposed that the
country was British ln fact os well
aa In name. However, the country
wat not British territory—It was
simply under British protection.
action and your policy ought tho be
be policy 0f the British Labor party
io attempt by the ballot box'to get
.vhat you can't get through the
"The visit of the press representatives of the British Empire to
this country and the visit of tht
commercial magnates to this country ls not designed from a purely
philanthropic standpoint. It is designed for the express purpose of
utilising some of that great wealth
of natural resources which art to
be found In Canada.
"It Is time for the labor movement of Canada to realise these
factt. If you demand that you
reap the full product of your toll,
If the labor party It guldtd by your
leaden ln that way, then you are
turt of success."
The British fraternal delegate,
who made thit apeech on Thurs-
FRIDAY September 24, 1920
per head. You will not have to
contend with that to the same degree as that but you certainly will
have to contend with it.
"It means that a man works and
finds himself dispossessed because
of the Inhuman and Intolerable
housing conditions, it means that
from 180 to 250 out of every thousand children die every year. Contrast those conditions with the
other one-third of the population
ln houses of from six to ten r'ooms.
The Infant mortality among them
ls only from 10 to 77 % per 1,000
If it ls good for those who live In
the six to ten roomed houses, then
lt Is right for us to dream of a
civilisation that surely does not go
beyond the dreams of humanity.
"You can understand again why
the Xabor party of Gr'eat Britain
day morning, followed It up the K demanding not only better hous-
next day by another exposure of
British capitalism.
"There ls no harm In telling you
that my father and hie father were
trade unionists," the British fraternal delegate said, In thanking
the Congress for itt gift of a gold
watch. "The employers kept me
three yeara walking the streets becauae of my labor activities. There,
fore you know that I do not feel
very kindly towards employer's.
During that period I studied and
pasted the examination for a sanitary engineer. Por that reason I
pretend to know something about
housing conditions.
"Oreat Britain, before the war,
was probably the richest nation In
the world. Yet two-thirds of Itl Inhabitants were living under conditions which outraged all decency.
They lived with less than one room
tng conditions, but that the fruits
of industry shall go to those who
produce those fruits.
Prices Leapt (8 Fer Cent.
"The coit of living here it the
aame aa in Great Britain, but the
worker's of the old country have not
received those enormous wages
which It is represented they receive. Food prices bounded up 48
per cent before we asked for another Increase, and the kind benevolent British employers aotlng ln
harmony with the British government gave ui a TH per cent Increase ln wages. The purchasing
power of the sovereign has depredated and we find ourselves not
saving for a rainy day, though It Is
so Impressed on us ln literature and
"There ls a rovolt in Great Bri-
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows tbat oheap goods can only be procured
by using oheap materials and employing oheap labor
is produced from tbe highest grade materials procurable
•-Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
tain; a revolt agalnit Ineqallty, an
Inequality which brutalliee. I'm
not laying thingi fn Canada that I
would not gay In my own country,
or the Brltlih Houie of Commons."
Th« ipeakor regretted that he
could not atay a little' longer', but
wu compelled to haiten baok to
the'British Isles because of the expectation of a general election
"withiti the next month or so."
Mr. Davidson only reached
oonvention Tuesday and left I
day afternoon for Montreal, to
sail Saturday.
Mr. Shea predicted the elect
as United States' president of "Jf
mie Cox who made good U lab<
friend as governor of Ohio,"
also felt that the United Bt
wouid then join the League
Nations, whioh he thought a mlgl
good thing.
Lack of patronage has olosed tlie
doors of two moving picture theatres owned by a company ln the
United States whose employees are
on atrlke. One is ln Butte, Mont.
and the other at Bremerton, Wash.
"A youpg man once told Robert
Ingersoll that he was going to Birmingham to earn an honest living.
'Oood,' said Ingersoll; 'go ahead—
you'll have no competition',"—
Don't Be Fooled!
When Voting on the Prohibition
"The Present
Prohibition Act"
Does NOT Mean More Liquor and Worse Conditions Than Under the Old Licence
UNDER PROHIBITION (as shown by Dominion statistics) drunkenness has bcin cut down in
Britiah Columbia by 92 per cent.
•—Four or five Provincial Jails have been closed, and crime has been greatly decreased.
-    -r-This was accomplished in spite of "bootleggers" and some unscrupulous doctors and liquor companies doing their best to discredit the law and defeat its purpose,
"'/ *'■''"
It DOES Mean the Act Is Amended So That
—No doctor can prescribe more than 8 ounces, and this must be to a bona fide patient. The sale of
liquor on prescriptions for all of B. C. last May was $150,000. For tho month of June, after this
amendment came into force, it was down to $18,000, and in July only $10,700.
—No liquor can be moved from any warehouse or private home for distribution or sale in B. C, and
private stock can only be moved when the owner moves to another residence. This prevents evasion,
of the law by mail order liquor stores.
—The sale of flavoring essences containing alcohol is severely restricted, preventing their use as intoxicants.
—Municipalities are given power to regulate, govern or prohibit the sale of soft drinks, "near beer,"
etc., or to close any place where they are sold, when considered expedient.
Control and Sale"
Does NOT Mean "Government Ownership"
—The Oovernment will simply act as distributors and salesmen for the Brewers and Distillers, who
will atill /be owners of their product.
—Nor doea it mean real "control," since the Government will not control either manufacture, ex.
portation or importation,
It DOES Mean I
—That the Oovernment goes into the whiskey business, and opens stores all over the Province for
the sale of liquor aa a beverage.
—That Government employees will be compelled to act as whiskey salesmen or new style "bartenders.
—That tip Oovernment will ahare with the Brewers and Distillers in the profits made by the degradation of our people and the misery of their children.
—That the liquor will be drunk in the homes of the people, instead of the barroom, demoralizing
the family Bfe.
—That the Oovernment will make men drunk and then imprison them for drunkenness.
—That the Oovernment will be constantly exposed to the most corrupting influences known to polities.
•—Government sale was tried out in Saskatchewan, South Carolina and Carlisle, in England, and
proved such a dismal failure that it was condemned by the people and repealed in disgust,
A Majority for Prohibition Means
A positive command to the Government to see that the law is enforced—* command it has pledged itself to obey.
A Referendum to STOP THE IMPORTATION of liquor into British Columbia
from any other province or country. The Government is pledged to give this if the
vote is in favor of Prohibition.
that we are the .leading credit houn la tha
city—offerlnc Ton tha latett oreatloaa la
/   Han's, Womea'a and  Boy*  ready-to-wear
Oor now eteek ef fell Ooete fer milady le reeUr
exceptional—new etflee freek Irons the leet—ell
desired meterleli—plaok, for trimmed er leanlae
furl  A emeU deposit—tho beleaoe etoyl
Open a oharga account today. Tour name
I, toot far all tha credit you daalra.
B. C. Outfitting Co.
(Oorner Homer Btreet) Phona Say. BS5S
Hew Method Shoe
* Repairing
0. B. U. Help
i Opposite B. C. Electric
Don't Be a Drudge!
• Salle Exteqskm Unlventtr
Homa Study) often you tha
'hanoe 70a nee* for complete
training In Traffic Management,
Higher Aooouutaney, Salesman-
ihip and other Special ooureaa
hat mean Higher Salaries,
Either en. Any age. OoaYeed-
nt terms. Writa or call for ltt-
HMuro. District offlce:
Phona Say. »B9
la that dark hour whan sympa-
thjr aad beat aenrlaa count aa
Auoh—oaU up
Phona Fairmont H
rroptil Ambtdanea Serrice
Caloutta. India—Tan reglmaata
troopa, aerea native and three
Suropeaa, now atatloned at Simla,
lave bean ordered ta Mesopotamia
a aid Britlah foraaa there to quail
k new rlelng of the people, who relent thalr preeenoe.
London — Increasing casualties
among British troopa In tha ea-
leavor ta grab oS territorr la tha
near Bait, haa oauead tha London
Hmea to resume publication ol Ita
"killed la action" oolumn. whieh
ttat dlaooutlnued attar tha armlt-
London—Ualea labor haa ranched unto tha eaatla of tthe Royal
Britlah family. Sarvaat glrla af Balmoral Caatla hare won their strike
for aa eight-hour aar. King
George- la borrowing Ua aalghbora'
servant malda, lt la deolared, until
his ataff oaa ha aula aemplate
with tha new ahertar hears.
Lahore, India—While the main
transportation aratem af tha Pun-
Jab le crippled ty the railway etrlke
the postman of thla Province have
gone oa strike far higher wagee
and shorter houra.
Workers Getting Behind
the Institutions They
Can Control
The talons of the banking lnterelta are being dipped by the work'
ers of this continent Tha bankers have too much to say ln connection with the economic Ufa of
the worker .and organized workers
in various parts of the country are
now making a fight on the bankeri
by the operation of co-operative
banks, owned and controlled by
the workers, or by sending their
savings to the farmer aad labor
controlled state bank ot North
In Oreat Britain the bank owned
by tha workere Is second largest
to the Bank of England. The
sets are over 140,000,000 with annual clearings of a billion and a
half dollars. Over 1800 trada
unioni and friendly societies hare
current aocoirnta ln tha Co-operative Wholesale Bank. Another Ml
have deposit accounts and than
there Is all tha co-operative stores
and Institutions throughout tha
land, and thouiandi af individual
The most successful banks en the
European continent and la Canada
have been started In a most humble way. Ths Co-operative Peoples Bank of Levis, Canada, orga'a-
lied in H00, receives sa lta first
capital J28.40. Tha flrst years's
progress waa very slow. At tha
end of the year the total assets
wero 14,086.64. To-day tha total
assets are over one-half million
Alphonse Desjardins, tta founder,
and president, bad thie to say, In a
pamphlet written a couple of years
ago, about the oo-operatlve bank
in Levis:
"The Levis bank completed Ita
twelfth full year November 10,
ltll. On that date the general
assets amountsd to llll.S0f.lt
The amount of current loans waa
J170.1O8.O0 and gross profits had
reaohed I8.69I.U. It has already
paid Ita membera ln dlvldende the
sum of 117,761.60, the rate being I
per cent on five dollar shares.
"Saving deposits have reoelved
interest to the amount of f 4,114.41.
The total amount loaned out to
membera was, on the same date
1071,711.14. Not one oent haa yat
bsen lost, although the total numbor of loans on November II, lilt
was 6,«7», three-fourths of theae
having been amall loans aat acceding 1100."
A year and a half later ta' be
correct, tha total assets amounted
to 1104,115. It haa made 7,101
loans, amounting to 11,111,111. A
good portion of Ita loans wer* as
low aa 110. What Is true af this
baak la true ef many other tt-
operative banka ln Canada.
Amsterdam—Tha International
conference of rival workera here
unanimously deolared Itself against
all wars, England, Scotland, Oar-
many, Sweden, Denmark, Oerman
Austria, Belgium, Italy aad Hal-
land were repreaehted.
T0M0—Looal newspapen tail-
aate that Japan will contend energetically against proposed anM-
Japaness leglilatlon In California.
Hon. W. L Mackenzie King
WiU address tho people of tht lowtr mainland ol British Columbia, at
_ *■
A Mass Meeting
Arena Rink, Vancouver
1920, at 8 p.m.   Doors open at 7 p.m.
Hon. Mr. King will be supported by HON. DR. BELAND, M.P., ERNEST LAPOINTB,
JI.P., W. tt KENNEDY, M.P. and WM. DUFF, M. P.
Extract from Resolution on "Labour and Industry" adopted at the National Liberal Convention held at Ottawa, August, 1919:
"Labor should not be considered as a commodity or
article of commerce, should have the right of association
for all lawful purposes, should receive adequate wage to
maintain a reasonable standard of living. Adoption of
an eight-hour day with weekly rest period, the abolition
of child labor, men and women to receive equal pay for
equal work. Representation for labor,in industrial control. System of insuranoe against unemployment, sickness, dependence in old age and other disability to include old age pensions, widow's pensions, and maternity
insurance. System of re-training for disabled workers
in industry. Immediate and drastic action by the government with respect of the high cost of living and
No Tickets Will Be Issued
Everybody Welcome
"Sane" Trades Unionists
Have Radicals Arrested in Windsor
Windsor, Ont, Sept II.—Hoodlums representing certain Toronto
organizations at the Tradea and
Labor Congress of Canada convention here, made unprovoked physical attacks on defenceless men
during the session of Friday night
This was the only night meeting
of the convention, and President
Tom Moore gave theae men considerable leeway to blackguard
Toronto progressives, who favored
the eupport of Soviet Bussia In resisting Imperialistic aggressors.
. These characters, who receive
support fn all their reactionary tao-:
tics from manufacturers and others
opposed to labor solidarity, hurled
opproblous epithets at names of
various Toronto members of the
American Federation of Labor.
Russian Question
, When discussion on the Russian
resolution, whioh was the first
business of the night session commenced, a mysterious woman, about
46 or GO years of age, who frequently sat at the preu table during the sessions, rushed to a seat
near the newspaper men when the
speeches started.
Thla woman led the applause
when the Hon. -Artless" Meighen
mentioned the name ef Hon.
"Olddy" , Robertson during his
speech on the opening day. A
few othen Joined her. All through
the convention she applauded every
favorable remark of" Secretary
"Paddy" Draper and also Mooro.
She aald her name la Mra. Strong,
and that lhe Is active in the National Council of Women.
We want morning newspaper
men to get thla discussion on Russia," ahe said, on hurrying up to
the preis table, "for Sir John Baton
and ether business men want to
read 4hat Is said against lt."
Sergeant McNamara, Toronto
soldieVs member of the Ontario legislature, who participated ln the
debate on Russia, marched up the
platform, although most of the
delegatea spoke from beside their
seats, and without coat exposed
hts stump of an arm. He pointed
to the Union Jack and said labor
did not Want anything to do with
Soviets. He made no reference te
British labor's attitude.
Varloua other delegatea who condemned Russian labor, made no
mention ef the progressive address
of J. H. Davidson, British fraternal delegate, who left the convention te return te England that
While oertaln rufllia'n remarks
were being made by certain hoodlums Inside the convention hall,
other hoodlums outalde burnsd
a bundle of coplea of "Industrial
Union News," tha Workera International , Industrial Union paper
printed In Detroit The editor ef
that paper had visited the convention. Thla particular issue oon-
talaed an editorial attacking ths
One Big Ualea of Canada, and also
the .Induitrlal Workera of the
Hoodlam Tactics
Beoause of thla attack, Ron
Weber, seoretary ot the Detroit
local et Metal aad Machinery
Workers Industrial Union .lumber
three hundred of the Industrial
Workera ef the World, and John
Carrie, a Scotchman who ls active
In selling literature, and talaamaa-
for the I. W. W. In Detroit, oame
across te Windsor to distribute
Weber carried a copy of "The
Bomb," a novel by Frank Harris,
which hs planned te take home
and read after hla visit to Wldsor.
A numbsr of his leaflets were ripped from his hand by several hoodlums who were delegates to the
convention, and lust aa the two
were about to take a ferry to return to Detroit they were, arrested
on request of certain of these hoodlums. Thsy were taken to the
police station, and tha newspapers
came out with news stories that
the Industrial Worker of the
World with a oopy of the book
called "The Bomb" waa held. Both
men were charged In the police
court on Saturday morning with
distributing seditious literature and
remanded eight daya for trial.
After some friends Jot on the Job
the authorities quickly changed
their minds. It was discovered by
Dominion government officials that
all the Industrial Workers of the
World newspaper's and other publications, with the exception of
Haywood's "Drops of Blood," leaflet "Two Tears in Jail for What?"
and another minor leaflet, "Can
come into Canada."
As a result both Weber and Carrie were released from Essex Jail
on Sunday afternoon on their' own
recognition, and permitted to leave
Canada, They will return to the
police court here next Monday
One Interesting feature of the
vote on the Russian resolution whs
that all the French Canadian delegates voted against lt although they
favored Irish self-determinntion.
Toi-n.M   flp!o"-*o,.     v .<-     nw-rinfl
the Russian Irish and Winnipeg
trial Investigation resolutions, paused in the Toronto Trades Council
did not turn up at the oonvention,
deciding that the Nova Sootla
miners who saw no hope ln accomplishing anything for labor
thr'ough the Tradei and Labor
Congreu were working along right
'Moore was re-elected president
by acclamation and his salary increased from $3,500 to $5,000 a
year. ■
"Paddy" Draper was also selected again without opposition with a
wage increase. Congr'ess voting
down a resolution to appoint a
secretary who will devote all his
time to its work.
Arthur Martcl, Montreal, executive board member International
Brotherhood of Carpenters; Alex.
McAndrew. Moose Jaw, Ma'nten-
anco of Way Employees, and H. J.
Halford, Vice-president, a bnrber,
were eleoted to tho oxecutive board.
The Civic Employees Union of
Vancouver will hold their union
meetings and havo their ofllees In
the 'new headquarters of the Federated Labor Party at 152 Cordova
et, We«'
'r- On Jim Hawtliorntwaltc.
Bdltor B. C. Federatlonist: Sll
"Our friend Jim" Hawthornthwalte
(I" use the quotations because aa
al worker he la no longer a friend
of mine) waa here tonight telling
us why we should Vote for government sale of liquor—among other
reasons "prohibition does not and
caStnot prohibit" Then too, "the
human being muat have stimulants
and refuse them liquor they take
to drugi and that habit la on the
Increase wherever prohibition has
been tried." '
He did not know, however, that
the drug habit waa on the Increase
In all countries, whether prohibition has been tried or not
■He waa fair enough te tell us
that alcoholic liquor la a poison aa
scientific men have proven, but
"the human being could become Inured to the uie of poisons" and "lt
caused greater convolution of the
brain, this might be ot benefit to
To prove humanity's capacity ef
adaptation he referred to "a oertaln city In China that had ae
drainage but was a huge oeaspool
and one can smell It $0 milea away
but Its Inhabitants had become so
used to Its poisonous odor that they
were immune from IU Infectious
diseases—a European oould not Uve
there," etc, adnauiea.
The moral gathered by thla "If-
norant" harkner Is to vote ter gov-
ernment aale ef bene ae we can get
enough te toughen our constitutions and "convolute" our bralm
sufficiently to become equal to the
Ladyimlth, B. C„
September, 14,1810.
Prince Rupert and Longshoremen.
To the Editor of the B. C. Feder.
ationlst: Dear Sir,—For aome considerable time past the Longshoremen'! organization haa bean the
object of a lot of antagonistic arltl.
clam, on the part of varloua writer!, in the Federationlit We do net
expect oor do we want to be Immune from criticism, but we do expect that our crltlca will make an
attompt to acquaint themselves
with a knowledge of our position,
before rushing into print, and holding, up to condemnation, a' body
of workers, who in all probability,
are no better er no worse than
Aa a result ef an editorial appearing itf the Federationlit of
August IT; wa ar'e ln receipt of a
pretty strongly worded resolution
fronr th% Prince Rupert Central
Ubo* Council of the O. B. U. (The
Federatlonltt and the O. B. U. Bulletin are in receipt of the aame resolution) condemning our aetion
in /loading the "Eastern Victor"
With rails presumably destined fer
South Russia, As there Is no particular reference to the longshoremen In the editorial In question, we
fall to see why the Prinoe Rupert
Council single them out In preference- to other bodies of workmen,
who, if there waa a crime committed agatnit the workera of Russia,
must have been equally guilty. The
rails could not have been loaded an
the boat unless they had been flrst
loaded on cars and hauled down to
the docks, and this must have boen
done by the members of the varioui
railroad organisations We are not
seeking to excuse ourselves, hut
merely pointing out that had the
Prince Rupert Council been aotu-
ateej solely with a concern for the
Russian workera lt would have Included In Its condemnation all thoss
workers that la any way had a
hand tn the handling of tha cargo.
We will let the workers draw their
own conclusions why the longshoremen were singled out by an O. B. U.
Counoll. However, resolutions do
not amount te a great deal, -They
remind one of Pat shearing the pig.
"A lot of squeal and very little
But to return to the "Eastern
Victor" and our attitudo towards
the Russian workers. Tho vast
majority ot tha longshoremen recognize that the Russian workers
are attempting to establish a more
equitable social system tban at present exists, one more compatible
with the present method of produotlon, and recognizing thla fact
will, as far as conditions allow, help
them la every possible way. It ls
true that they loaded the Eastern
VIotor, but she waa more than half
The exeouttve council of the
Federated fleamen'i Union of Australia haa launched a movement
for an International conference of
representatives of all maritime
unions throughout the world, with
a view to preventing future conflict. A circular letter' signed by
the general president, H. J. Murray haa been dispatched to marl-
time bodies in Great Britain, Germany, France, Denmark, Holland,
Norway, Sweden, Canada, United
Status, Argentina, Japan, India,
Africa, and other oountrles calling
for* referendum on a meetlng-
pltfcs and tha dato of the world
''Tm no Bolshevik. Th* Bolshevik's own their own land; X haven't
a.wuare foot."—Casey.
Cleveland—A ringing resolution
favoring amnesty for all political,
Industrial and Vellgious war objec-
toii quickly followed the calling to
ojrd^r of the convention of the
Uflited Automobile, Aircraft and
Vehicle workers here. Copies of
Hie' resolution demanding In the
name of justice and the spirit of
tlfti" constitution, "the release of
the'politicals, were wired to thc
President, the Attorney-General
and the Secretary of War.
"You can stop anything in England If you're in uniform—except
the revolution."—Casey.
Denver—Colorado is going to
have an independent metropolitan
dally newspaper owned by the farmers and members of organized
labor, according to an announcement made by tho Colorado Loader.
"Wo aro living a life tbat ls artificial, inartistic — and unspeakably
shoddy. ***Vo talk of art to tho average woi'lttnj? mon of today is almost
Give  a  little  encouragement  to
our advertisers.
loaded beforo the faintest Inkling
reaohed w that she was bound for
Odessa, and then only in the form
of vague rumors, At the next
meeting of tha organisation -the
question waa taken up, and I waa
instructed to notify the employers
that In futuro tho organization
would refuse to load any vessel destined for tho enemies of Soviet Buasia. It waa no aot of treachery to
the workers of Russia, but simbly
that wo wore caught unawares.
A man must servo his time at every
Save censure, crttlos aro all ready
Beforo passing judgment on the
actions of anybody else, wo would
suggest to our Prince Rupert
friends that thoy wait until they
are oonfronted with a similar situ
atlon, then let tu seo how thoy aot*
and thoir future criticism of a coun,
ter notion will be both Justifiable
and educational, _a, tho meantime
tho longshoremen wtll pursue tho
even tenor of their way, striving
through their organisation to get
as muoh as possible for their labor
power, hoping that they can assist
any body of workers In their struggles with the employing olass, and
regretting and striving to remedy
any action that may Injure any
worken be ho Russian or any other
Fraternally yours,
Vanoouver, B.C., Sept. 22, 1920.'
Lumbers Workers' Delegates Are Not Satisfied
Wit& Ruling
• The O. B. V. convention waa called to order on Monday morning in
Port Arthur, Qnt. Delegates were
present from all over the oountry,
from Vancouver In the west to
Montreal In the eaat The credential oommlttee appointed by the
executive board, and endorsed by
the delegatea, consisted of F. Woodward, Winnipeg: A. O. Broateh,
Calgary; W. A. Alexander, Vancouver; H. Hammer, Oowganda, aad
N. Booth, Prince Bupert
This committee recommended
that delegatea* representing membership on whom per capita tax
had been paid for July and August, be seated ,and voting strength
determined hy the highest amount
of per capita paid for either of the
respective montha. The committee further recommended that
representation for the membenhlp
that had not paid per capita tax
for July, but had paid aince January, be fixed oa the following
basis. That tha total amount of
per capita tax paid aince January
be divided by eight to obtain the
average of per capita tax paid, thla
to constitute the delegates voting
In some Instances It was found
that central labor councils, district
boards, etc., had aent more delegates than they were entitled to.
It -was the opinion of the Committee that these delegatea be seated
and representation in these cases
be divided amongst them.
In order to apportion the voting
strength of delegates, Winch, Cowan and Neill, the oommlttee, requested advice from them aa to
what districts they represented,
thla Information waa refused.
All delegatee with the exception
of the delegatea of the lumber
workera were satisfied with the
committee's report. The lumber
workers' delegates, however, demanded special treatment trader
threat of withdrawal from the con.
ventlon. Thla the convention refused to grant and all lumber
workers' delegates except Alexander, refused to take their seats.
As the O. B. V. la governed by
the ra'nk and file, the trouble will
not be of any great magnitude, as
no doubt' the action of the different
delegates representing the majority
and the minority, will be submitted to the membership for ratification er rejection.
"Never mind Mesopotamia—let
us clear the mess-up at home."—
Hank's hired man says: "Claas
feelln' is what they say a feller hae
when he's been skinned and knows
he's been skinned, or what ho has
when he's boen aklnnln' a lot cf
folks and hates to think of havln'
to quit. Looks to me like a newfangled name for common sense."
Take no thought of the housing
shortage or worry about your place
te sleep, fellow citizens. Our generous politicians have the bunk.
Where ls your Unloa button f
Buy at • unloa atore.
King's World's Greatest Rheumatic Cure,
No Cure, No Pay
Frank Hudson, 759 Cain bio
Street, has been laid np for the last
Ave years. Ho lias not been able to
walk or dress himself for the but
year and a half. He had Arthritis
Hlieumutlsm In bpth feet and
ankles, ln>th knees, both hands and
elbows, and wan In a nni-down condition. Ho has lived lure for years.
Go and see this man and ask his
neighbors about his condition bofore he wos treated with King's
Uhounif tlo Cure, ne Is walking
now. Ills joints are loosening up
and ln a abort Mme he will bo entirely cured, ns it takes some time
for this romedy to .work Into the
joints, loosening them up and driving the acid out of the system, purifying tho IiIimhL I cliallciiKO anyone
to produce a rheumatic case my
remedy will not cure. Have cured
several pooplo here. Call at Hoom
fl, l<lack Blook, or phono R-F 802.
Unlit* by appointment. H. Simpson, manager, (Advt}
'■--.". .. ;
For Loggers, Miner*, Prospectors, Etc
Made in the wart for tho
west Onr Loggers' avi
Minor's light Top Boot*
mado by experianood
union mtn. In eur own
faotory, at prlcea almost
equal to inferior Eastern
Writo for on New Pell
Catalogue. It will save
yoa dollars on ypur shoo
We mail Shoes poatpsld to any address ia Britiih
Columbia '
T—tyu _ma_—_ tnmm
Patents       Trade Marka       Deelgae       Copyrights   ji
Otk.r eSoet-OtttM, Ttrtttt, NtttmlHiulItta. Wtaalaw, Htliim. St
John, la _t___ Hew Tork itiWoiklattoa. P. OTP. S, A.
Nothing s Too Goo d
for Your Eyes
Tour lob doptado spec yoar vision.
Toa etsaol slot* lo tool witk oytoliM. II dsatalt Ike tug tlgka* oe*M
If Hsr. Is tbo sHgktoot dofoot ei— tta nee, eee aa wttktat lolty.
Wo ofor tko beat senlses.
Dr. Prlc, la ebtrte of ear estomoMeel topututat, It aat if tkt Moot fennel MwielUto la Us otaoo. Lot kla aak. aa srisslaeWia (tree ef eoel).
We oea tt yea whk tke tool ahem boa »».«0 te W.00 aai a,*ui. Wa
alls uke a spools!!? ia osses sf tefootlre Titles la ekllttm.
Established SO Teem I
Assayers, Prospectors and Surveyors
The B.C. School of Pharmacy k Sdaace
tomBvUiaf.ei5PEhDERST.W. PWeSey.17*
A separata Department te sire MticnOAL training at Free-
pactors, Assayers and Barreyere haa aeea eetahllahed la tha
•hove Institution.
Any man who haa ambltloa ta latprere Mi aeeltlea wtll aad the
opportunity here.
These are PRACTICAL eeunee fer PRACTICAL awn by PRACTICAL Leoturera. It la aot merely thedretleal wuk whloh oould
be obtained from booka.
The department la la oharge ot Mr. Stanley Foulds aad Mr. —
P. Wilaon, D.L.S., who hare spent many yeara at tke work.
Fer particulars write or call on the Prlnolpal, P. J. BAIN.
KOTE—is a proof of tar n.lh.lo, ttt foBowbg malls wen obtained by ts
dtrlss Ik. put yoar: ltt plaoo la tko B. O. Lead hnsrsis' nasi; Itl
Sltoo la B. 0. Utl.aunyon' Frelialairr; Ut pUot la 1. 0. Ualt. Applied
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rat I wttty Tien wt hen tone* (kit Delta Mm, ftt set talor tn
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DUptiH ItltM by AiMlraHm
Mtttylapltynint aat tklUtd WtrtaoatUf
Pnaqt Dtllrorlti it DttUn tad FsblU
Pooco ul Iocoom lo Worsen tat laptntn
: O.Mitl&ee
rmpoitty tf Ikn HtUag I
At Itytl ulta ana tat www, wt ttk
natetuaat _skooo_ toarlai  tkt  atete
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Union-lit PAGE EIGHT
FRIDAY.. September
Boys'  Dept, Second Floor
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At $35
More than favorably comparable with
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Dressy Men will appreciate the rich, subdued patterns srd the distinctive lines.
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$37.50, $40, $45, $50 TO $75
Hart Schaffner and Marx Clothes
H. Walton
Specialist  In    Electrical    Treatment!,
Violet Ray and High  Frequency  for
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Chronic Ailments.
Phont  Seymonr  2048
198 Hastings Street West.
At a meeting of the Ocean Falls
camp 7 atrlke committee lt was
moved and seconded that a vote of
censure be passed on the officials
responsible for the publication In
the lumberworkers' page of the B.
C. Federationist of a letter from W.
Inward, owing to its unnecessary
length.   Motion carried.
London—The membership of
the Birmingham Gas and Municipal Workert' Union have voted to
amalgamate with the National
Union of Oas Workers.
Congress Will Try to
"Save" the West
Wool Gaberdine
$35.00      .
Thos. Foster & Co., Ltd.
Burberry O'Coats Durward O'Coats
Navy Blue
Serge Suits
WE BOUGHT HEAVILY tnd hive tbo largest itock
in th* city—that's  the   reason   wo   are   sellins:
Men'a New FaU Navy Bine Serge  Suite st least
35 per cent, below many of the caah alorea.
They sts smartly tailored In stylet to suit men of til
Mates, ttd every on* is made of quality guaranteed
Grasp your opportunity now and save 35 per cent.
Pay ui a little etch week tnd ttke advantage of our
THIS WEEK we tr* also featuring th* lttest tnd
heat erettlons in Ladles' Fall Dresses.   You'll flnd
a dress for every ooctslon.   Special prices prevail
til this week—payable on oar plnn of
We should show that the east
respects these labor men and honor
Alberta Joins in Chorus
"Thc city of Edmonton,,the capital wof Alberta, decided before coming here, to invite the delegates to
that city, but after coming here
we considered the matter' with
others from the west.
"We decided that Winnipeg Is
the storm centre, It has borne the
brunt of the onslaught, Winnipeg
Is the gateway to the west and thc
west's largest city.
"It is the seed bed of the dastardly campaign in the west, Winnipeg men will'take it as inspiration and encourage them. It wilt
make them realize that although
their lot has been hard, they have
the support of the east,
"I have a telegram and the secretary al?o has a letter from the
mayor of the city of Edmonton,
repeating the Invitation that you
hold the 'next congress in Edmonton," said A. Farmillo, Edmlnton.
"As has been explained by Delegate Roper, however, we now wish
the congress to go to Winnipeg."
"Moose Jaw last year put up a
fight for the 1921 congress, but
this year are willing to give way to
Winnipeg," said Delegate McGrath
of Moose Jaw.
It was announced that telegrams were received from all the
cities in the west with the exception;
of one from Mayor Martin of Montreal.
The telegrams received included
those from locnl 71, Flour Mill and
Cereal Worticrs of Moose Jaw, and
Moose  Jaw  Typographical  Union/
"Glad to welcome your congress
to Moose Jaw or any other point ln
the west," said a telegram from
Moose Jaw Tradea and Labor
Premier Norrls of Manitoba, and
Mayor Oray of Winnipeg, who did
so much to defeat members of International Unions who went on
strike in 1919, telegraphed asking
that next year's congress come
Here Is the telegram from Winnipeg's mayor: "Please extend to
congress assembled hearty invita
tion to hold their next congress
meeting In the city of Winnipeg.
We have every facility for b'.g conventions, and feel that Winnipeg
should not be overlooked."
(Signed)        Charles P. Gray,
Here Is the telegram from Manitoba's Premier:
"I have much pleasure In extending to the Tradei and Labor
Congress of Canada s cordial Invitation to hold their next convention In the city of Winnipeg,"
(Signed!    T. C. Norrls, Premier,
Both Winnipeg and Montrenl
boosters made strenuous efforts to
swing the convention; each had
placed ln conspicuous position banners placing that particular city
before the delegates; each also had
cheer leaders and rally cries.
Many  Views  Expressed
on Question of Liquor
There were sharp clashes of ©pin
ion at the Open Forum in Pender
j treet Hall on Wednesday evening,
when the topic of "Prohibition"
was under spirited dlscusBton for
upwards of two hours. R. T. Pettipiece Introduced the subject at
chairman for the nonce, observing
that tt was chosen in view of the
coming provincial referendum—on
the present system versus govern
ment control—with the further
prospect of-a Dominion "bone-dry"
referendum later on.
Personally, he didn't 'Uke the
term prohibition. "I objeot to any.
body prohibiting me from' doing
anything I want, providing I oan
ret away with it," he explained.
At the same time he was "perfectly
satisfied that boose never did the
working claas any good." They
were doing clearer thinking with
out it. Revolution had taken place
in Russia ;lt was on Its way In the
old land; and ltt Mumblings were
heard even here. The workers
must meet tt with sober head,
They would need all the brains they
had, and the oleared thinking.
They should keep thetr eye on the
main goal—the overturning of the
capitalist system and the Institution
of a sane system In Its place.
For a few minutes there did nol
seem much prospect of a debate,
nobody seeming Inclined to take
the platform for 10 minutes, as the
chairman suggested. Then J.
Kavanagh stepped into the breach
and, tn vigorous and clear-cut sentences, defined the Socialist attitude
to the question as he saw lt. He
submitted that, like many other
'reforms," prohibition was brought
in without consulting the wishes or
the well-being of the workers, professions to the conrttry notwithstanding. It was put into force by
the powers that be, simply because
it was essential to their own well-
being, as masters of the means of
wealth-production. "That was the
only reason lt was put In force, in
this or any other country."
All these reforms, however, ultimately serVed a different purpose from that for which they were
intended. Thus prohibition,'aiming at increased efficiency: fn industry, had resulted in ■ increased Intelligence on the part of
the workers; hence effotts'Were
again ' being made to fretfttro-
duce the drink traffic. 'Though
the workers had no use ftr those
who brought in prohibition^ yrt, In
view of its results, he sald.Vwe nre
prepared to submit to a -certain
form of being compelled toeobstain,
because of the greater good we see
in the future."
J, G, Smith, observing the reluctance of the "strangers within our
gates" to come forward, :hi«nself
stepped on the platform next, to
keep the ball rolling. This etfy of
'Prohibition,"   he   said,   reminded
him of tha or> of "Peace! Peace!"
when there waa no peace. "There
ls no Intention of prohibition," he
observed, "only a. change of the
syatem of selling liquor." They
wer* going to attempt to move it
from private to government control, but the aame people would
still make the liquor and have the
profits. The working ptople were
not taken Into consideration at all.
"I would vote for prohibition, but
who Is to sell tt and get the profits,
doesn't worry me a bit." It was
Uke the question as to by whom
he was exploited.
"Prohibition would benefit the
workers; I believe that," he said,
but there was no qutstlon of benefiting humanity ln the minds of
those who brought lt forward. As,
in the case of education, the work'
,ers had to be taught ln the schools
tn order to be better slaveB; so in
the present matter. "If you have
a slave free from liquor, you have
a better slave—at the time."
If lt were a question of Improving their position on the Induatrlal
field, the powers that be would not
be there to help, but to hinder. After the general strike, when, in the
absence of boose, the workers had
been able to maintain law and order, those opposing them had look.
ed to liquet1 to aid hi getting the
returned men to make trouble.
The general unanimity of the
preceding speakers was how broken
by W. Batt, who took "a line of
argument different from aome of
the speakers, of course," as he remarked ln preface. He disputed
the connection between prohibition
and "clearer thinking," maintain-,
ing that ln England, With Its open
traffic, the workera were "becoming more claaa conscious every
day"—in contrast with the workers
In prohibitionist America. He
could not set how prohibition was
to he of any use to .the workers, or
why they should be side-tracked by
It It was not the cause of the
progress in Russia or tn England,
owing to conditions there, the
workers "simply became class-
J. Boult was still more emphatic.
He could smell a "red herring"
very strongly; and by that token,
he knew there were politicians In
the background. "This palliative
stuff Is handed out to keep the
workers' mind off the miin question—to   keep   you   from   finding
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223  Carrall  Street.
 Seyl  1250	
Tho price of copies of Pritchard's address to the Jury, Dixon's
address and the history of the
Winnipeg mrlko has been reduced
to 10 eta. per copy. Tlie Winnipeg
defense committee Is also Issuing
Defense Fund Stamps, the price of
which is 35 cents each.
Paris, France—Marshall Foch's
proposed visit to the United States
may bc delayed Indefinitely, because of the various delicate diplomatic situations tha are confronting the European powers, It is reported here.
He Wasn't Drafted This Time
Jack Dempsey knocked out
Mlskc In two rounds Lnbor Day.
This ought to convince the American T-cglnn that Demnsey can flght
when he wants to.—-The New Majority.
The genernl strike of taxicab
drivers of Havana, Cuba, was ended
recently when the government
agreed to release officers ■ of the
union from prison,
Winnipeg—Feeding a live chick
en lo a snake In a soo or menagerie
ls not cVuelty to animals, according
to Sir Hugh John   McDonald, In
police court here*
Downie Saiiitarhim Ltd.
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Pbone: Sey.   60S, High. 2134L
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January 17, 1920.
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Dear Sirs:
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I am sixty years of age, suffered from rheumatism, sciatica
■ and other complications, I was under treatment by two of the
best known physicians of Vancouver, but grew steadily worse,
and had to give up business. After two months' treatment by
Dr. Downle, I am back la the harness again, vigorous as ever.
He told me that he would add ten years to my life. I believe he
i hae.
If you care to refer any on* to me for further particulars, I
will consider lt a favor.
Youra sincerely,
(One of the oldest pioneers and business men ot Vancouver)
What Kind of Service
Do You Vtent with
—a range son oomplete that selection ia
made with txccptional ease.
—an honest "taiue—not so much because -
it can't be duplicated in itself—but because it is onc on which you can abso-
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"Your Money's Worth or Your Monty Baok"
WM. DICK, Limited
45-47-49 Hastings Street East
out what's the real trouble,** he
insisted. "The workers ln Russia
have found out what the real
trouble is, and are attempting to
overthrow it." He hoped ln Can ■
ada they would soon do the same;
he was dubious, however, when
there were so many Interested in
the "various red herrings." The
"politicians" wanted to get themselves elected to office; and It was
time the little game was exposed,
Tom Richardson was unusually
vigorous in "calling down" the last
two speakers. As to the .awakening class-consciousness ln England,
he submitted, "if we had had a
larger number of leaders total abstainers, that would have come
before the war." The greatest
hindrance had been boose. As to
the "red herring" idea and the
moves of the "politicians," he was
simply concerned with his own
class and wanted to see the workers
wipe out the system of capitalism
(hear, hear). Drink had been their
enemy; ,, the liquor interests had
always been arrayed against the
working class. "We wtll hasten
the overthrow of capitalism when
we work on to secure the overthrow
of the drink traffic."
A collection was Suggested at this
point, and the boxes were passed
round. Then Rev. Ernest Thomas
stepped forward "as an old friend
of the forum" and also as "one who
started the movement for government control tn Saskatchewan."
After viewing the results of the experiment referred to, the verdict
was "Never again!" It was a step
backward; lt opened the, way for
grievous scandals; it meant "boundless facilities for limitless quantities—only not less than the bottle."
the Introduction of the bottle Into
the work shop and the office, and
most of all on account of the girl
stenographers there employed.
"Bob" Sinclair demanded: "Why
the —— don't they get down
to the ranks of the workers
ers and go for the overthrow of
the whole syitem?" It was a "red
herring" every time. "I like booze;
lt does me good," he claimed. However, he hadn't had the price for
the last five or six years; the bunch
here not for nine or ten years—and
they looked rather sick (laughter).
"Oet down to where we are ■ exploited. Nevei1 bother your heads
about prohibition or anything else,"
he concluded, amid much laughter
and applause.
Charles Lestor followed In like
vein. The "red herring" remark j
was perfectly true. If the labor
leaders In the old country were
prohibitionists, then the sooner
they had boozo the better; they
were nothing to brag about, with
the possible exception of Bob
Smillie. Crime in prohibitionist
America was worse than anywhere
else In the world. People had to
have booze, because the cells of
their bodies were not built up by
nourishing food, and they were under a nervous strain the whole
time. The working class were not
the drunken class. "They don't
get the price—and they look half
doad." The other ctass looked
very well; they could drink when
they pleased. As to the liquor interests never being on the side of
the working class—neither were
the prohibitionists. "Like Jesus
Christ, we're crucified between the
two of them.
"This ls the first red herring
across the trail; there'll be many
of them. If we do not watch out,
we'll be led astray, as in the old
country. If the labor party takes
control cf tho go\ ernment of Britain, what alvATitcgt wtll tt be to
tho working class?" (A voico,
"None!") "Do you think the Labor
Purty ln Britain have any interest
In overthrowing capitalism? Not
on your life! They'll do everything
they can to uplift tl."
"We're out for all the wealth we
produce—the best of everything,"
the speaker concluded. "No prohibition in any shape oi form!
We'll have absolute liberty.
Rev. Hooper, superintendent of
the Seamen's Institute, followed ln
the interests of "temperance," as
a member of the Moderation
League, though not altogether in
favor of government control as at
present ln view. He explained
"I've been seaman, soldier', Northwest Mounted Policeman and now
I'm a parson." (A voice; "Gee'
whiz!" and laughter). "We Anglo-
Saxon people are a liberty-loving
people," he further explained; not
that liberty, however, that "makes
us a cursed nuisance,"' but tho
freedom to choose what they should
eat and what they should drink.
Prohibition ln B. C. had been a
farce In the past, and was now. In
the N. W. M. P., he said, "We
drq'nk all kinds o fthlngs that would
make a Uttle glad time." He was
going to vote for the government
measure, though he hoped tt would
be Improved upon later.
W. R. Trotter was amused to see
the last two speakers—a Sociulist
and a parson-—on the same tack.
The ex-mounted policeman, he said,
"ought to be an authority on British freedom,, and especially freedom In Canada." (Hear, hear),
Ab to prohibitionists not being on
the side of the working class, he
made no apologies for being on the
executive of the People's Prohibition Party—"like our friend has for
being In the Moderation League."
Though some of the prohibitionists
were from the other side of the
fence, they were there for opposite
reasons and changed over as thu
situation changed. The "red herring" today was "government sale."
He did not support prohibition as
a palliative, but as a means to an
end. "You've got a straight proposition before you. Which side are
you on?" (A voice, "Booze," and
some laughter).    ■ -
Mack Eastman of the U. B. C,
urged the abolition of liquor—not
from a Sunday school standpoint,
but on the finding of the leaders
of the Federation Generate du
Travail in Prance, after intense
discussion. He thought this was
worth while, "as coming from the
purest of the pure Reds."
S. S. Jenkins said he was 64
years old, was never, restricted in
the matter of liquor', had drunk
all his life, and had never ■ been
drunk. "What the people want is
education," he said, "They don't
want prohibition."
High cuts in 10 and 12-in. tops,
in tan army grain and black
urus calf, the hardest wearing
leather known, reinforced outside counters and solid leather
soles and heels, specially tanned and made as near waterproof as it is possible to]
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10-in. $9.00
12-in. $10.00
Shoe Satisfaction at a fair prioe
Cornett Bros. & Clarke Ltd,
Several Speakers Are Heard at the
Gathering In tlie New
The "house-warming" held nt
the new headquarters of the Federated Labor Party, at 148 Cordova
street west,, last Saturday evening
was a great success.  Although very
Publie Sale ol 2,000 Men's
Guaranteed Waterproofs
Opens tomorrow at the Goodyear Raincoat 1
Company at. 40 Hastings Street West.
The greatest Sale of Raincoats in Vancouver's history—Largest stock in Canada
to choose from.
Fine Paramatta
Raincoats. Reg.
$15.00.   Now
600 Fine Heavy
weight Rubberized Tweed Ooats.
Reg. $35. Now—
300 Fine Tweed
Raincoats. Reg.
$25.00.   Now
Factory to Wearer
Next to Pantages Theatre
little notice was given a large number of the active uembers of the
party were on hand.
The hall in which the meeting
waa held was atlll In the hands of
the palntera and paperhangeia and
owing to the failure of the electricians to install the lights in time
the rooms had to be lighted with
lamps. However, the ' committee
had secured an ample supply of
lamps, bo that the lack of electric
lights was hardly noticeable. In
any case the supply of light was
well supplemented by the speakers
who addressed the gathering.
The chair was taken by Comrade
O. L. Charlton, who made a few
remarks as to the financing of the
new rooms and the support that
had been obtained. He then went
on to outline the activities that the
larger headquarters made possible.
A large reading room, a hall capable of seating 200 peoplo and
plenty of offlce space were assets
that the party had hitherto lacked,
and of which the executive intended to make full use.
The flrst speaker called on was
Comrade Dft W. J. Curry. In all
there were eight who addressed
the meeting. Comrades J. MacMU-
lan. R. P. Pettlplece, Mrs. J. Clark,
Mrs. H. G. Taylor, Mrs. C. Lorimer, J. S. Woodsworth and D. Rees
following Comrade Curry In the order mentioned. Bach dwelt on the
necessity of getting busy Immediately with more educational meetings. Several made particular refer-
ence to the value of smaller groups I
as a better method of educating I
workers then the big meetinga.
After the speak'ing the lai!
serVed refreshments. A general i
cussion, a tour of Inspection,.!
some dancing closed the even!
It is anticipated that the new qu
ters of the F. L. P. will be sj
suportlng as there are three roc
that will be available for ofli
and already inquiries have been'
ceived regarding them. j
Pass the Federationist along \\
help get new subscribers.
Get the
Love Habit)
BEDS, Etc, at coit. Our stoel
Is Big ,and to ara our Bai
gains. Watch our Audio
Snaiis. Furniture Bought ai\
Love & Co
Phone Seymour 1741
Men's Suits
The styles are good, the
cloths are durable aM—the
prices are reasonable.
$30 to $55
—*—^  i'iiiimi  —.——


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