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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Mar 30, 1923

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Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)        -^pomtical unity, yictobt
$2.50 PER YEAR
|Civic Employees Ask for
Conciliation But the
Council Refuses
(Mayor Takes Action and Is
Backed by Minister
of Labor
Arbitration and conciliation, which
I are supposed to be the means of
[avoiding industrial conflicts, have received a rude shock In Prince Rupert,
when tho City Council refused to agree
to a board of conciliation, after reducing the wages of the civic employees
from 65 cents to 50 cents per hour,
The mayor took the responsibility
Ion his own shoulders, and acceded to
| tho men's request and appointed a
representative to act for the city, and
the board was formed. The city council, however, by a majority vote, overruled tho mayor, and wired to the
minister of Labor at Ottawa, protesting, against the appointment of a conciliation board, and stated that the
Civic Employees Union is a menace to
law and order. This In spite of the
fact that the law calls for arbitration
and conciliation, undor the Lemieux
Act for the settlement of wage or
other labor disputes, wben public utilities are involved.
Minister of Labor Murdock, however, rejected the suggestion of the
eity council, and latest advices from
Prince Rupert aro to the effect that
board is at work, and has held a preliminary moeting, and that Mr. Stork,
M. P. for the riding, has supported
the minister of Labor in his stand for
Educational League to Meet
Tho Trade Union Edunotional
1 League of Vancouver will meet ln
iroom 302—319 Pender Street West,
|on Sunday, April l, at 2 p.m. This
[meeting has boen called for the pur-
Lpose of framing a constitution and by-
Jlawa, and to discuss the amalgamation
[question Trom all its angles. All work-
'ers. Irrespective of their craft, and
J being union men, are requested to at-
ptend this meeting us thc Trade Educa-
I tlonal Leaguo hus no per capita tax,
and no affiliation fees.
W. P. Propaganda Meeting
On Sundny ovening, commencing at
8 p.m., the Workers Party will hold a
| propaganda meeting in the hall, at 303
Ponder Street West. Tho meeting
will commence at 8 p.m., thc speakers being H. Harris and A. S. Wells.
Questions and discussion will follow
i the collection.
Protest Against Flooding of
the Local Labor
Local conditions, in the carpenter
(trade, waa the main subject under dis-
jcusston at the regular meeting of Lo-
[cal 452 of the United Brotherhood of
!Carpenters and Joiners on Monday
evening. The discussion arose on the
report of the business agent, who stated thut within the last week, four car-
jienters had seen him, who had come
\o the coast from Montreal, and were
nembers of the organization who had
been Induced to leave thoir homes ln
Ithe east because of the glowing accounts of conditions in Vancouver.
Orgalnzer Wilkinson, who was present, suggested that the Trades and
itbor Council should notify all central
nodies as to the conditions here, so
that the Labor market would not be
flooded and men deluded Into spending
jioeny ou transportation when there
pore idle men here who could not ob-
i'-iin employment, and no shortage of
hbor existed on the coast. This course
I/as decided on after a motion to that
X'ffect had been made.
The   union   label   also   received   a
(boost when Brother Page pointed out
lhat there was a store in town whieh
parried union-made overalls. He
pointed out taht Twin Bute overalls
could be still bought with the union
|abel on them, while the firm was on
Lhe unfair list, but that William Dick
carried the goods of a firm operating
lit present under union conditions, the
G. W. O. brand. W. B. Brummitt was
ulso mentioned as being able to supply
union made goods.
Tho next meeting of the local will
(be the rogular uarterly meeting, and
all members are urged to attend this
All   unemployed   members  are   rt-
Iquested to register their names, addresses and phone numbers with the
business agent at ance, so thut at any
time there are Jobs available, t fit mil
nen cun secure them.   This Is neces-
Isary at this time, as members wit)
have been unemployed for a long time
have come to the con.luslon that tin;
ohance of securing work is very re-
note, but In view of .be slight Improvement In trade. th*»ir < hancos are
l little better for work than they hnvo
(been during the pust six months.
Hard TiV$\ Dance at Clinton \A^\ Saturday
spring, the time of
•te new life gener-
JBjch   tends' to  stir
■ x'ther   endeavors;
something real
The prospeeti,
the year when i I
ating  all  round \
new   energy   forv
for greater attempt
and lasting. » %
Let us remind tht workers of Vancouvor that a chance is offered to
them on Saturday night, March 31,
at the Clinton hall, to support the orphans in Russia hy attending the
hard-times dance In aid of this worthy cause.
The noed is great, according to Anna
Louise Strong, who in her report after
investigating the orphan situation in
Russia, points out that four to five
million of these orphans are wandering about Russia, riding on trains free,
trying to live by begging and stealing, ultimately drifting into Mosocw,
at the rate of 40,000 a day. Try and
imagine this condition in Canada, then
dig down and come along to help
these children.
Dancing, 9 p.m. to 12 p.m. Prizes
for the best characters. Tickets, gents
BOc, ladles 25c.
British Soldier Arrested Because of His Love
of Girl
"Presumes" to Seek a Bride
from Capitalist Class,
Is Arrested
[By Harry Godfrey]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Newark, N. J.—-John F. Klllp, onetime operative of the William J. Burns
detective agency, has been freed here
in common pleas court of an Indictment which charged him with kidnaping Alex. E. Robertson, a former
gunner in the British artillery. The
court was told that Robertson had decided not to testify against Ellis, declaring he wished to avoid the publicity which would attond a trial.
That sounds simple—unless It be recalled that Robertson had many columns of publicity Immediately following the alleged kidnapping; much
more publicity than a trial at this
time would have been likely to give
him.   But read the story:
Robertson, who was one of Britain's
flrst 100,000 men on the western front,
committed the offense of falling In
love with Miss Mary Culberson, daughter of United States Senator Culberson
of Texas. Papa Culberson, he said,
didn't approve. So, last May, according to Robertson's story, he waB enticed to a hotel in Bloomfleld, N. J.,
by two men with gold' badges, who told
him he could face prosecution on a
charge of grand larceny, or accompany
them to Boston and ship for a foreign
port. Ignorant of American law, he
consented to the deportation.
But he had an aunt in Bloomfleld
who became alarmed at his absence.
He was found and returned to Bloomfleld, where he Immediately had one
of his captors arrested. The detective
gave the name qf John F. Ellis, and
his employer as none other than the
redoubtable W. J. Burns. Robertson
said that Bills and the other detective
had represented themselves as federal
agents. W. J. Burns hastened to say
that both Ellis and the other "dick"
had been discharged from his agency.
(Crude work by detectives Is all right
If It works; if it doesn't, the agency
heads know how to get out from under.)
Well, Robertson appealod to tho
British embassy in Washington. Also
he consulted an attorney. Then he
announced that he not only would
press the kidnapping charge ngainst
Ellis, but would sue the Burns outfit
for damages if Ellis were convicted.
Meantime Miss Culberson wus sent
abroad by her parents.
The months 'ragged along, and finally thc charge against Ellis came up
for trial here, Robertson was not ln
court. Judge Stlckel wus told thut he
had refused to testify because of the
publicity whicli would ensue.
That was all.   Simple—yes?
Taeoma, Wash.—F, C. Diamond has
I been Installed as president of the Central Labor Council here with W. T.
"Paddy" Morris is secretary.
Patronize Feaerationlst advertisers.
J. L. L. Dance
The J. L. L. Is holding a dance at
Willow Hall, corner of 17th and Willow*, on Saturday, the 31st, ut 9 p.m.
An enjoyable evening has beeu arraiv
ped, cards being provided for those
who do not dance. A good orchestra
has been obtained, and refreshments
will be served. Tickets are iiOc, and
may be obtained at tho F, L. P. Hall,
or at the door.
Minneapolis —> Declaring that the
University of Minnesota Is teaching
evolution, which is "destructive to tho
Christian faith," the Presbyterian
Ministers Association of this city calls
upon tho university to remove all text,
books of "irreligious quality." In this
class, the resolution lists the histories
by H. Q. Wells and Hendrlck Van
Loon, and asks the university to dense
Itself of this "foul blot upon the honor
of our State."   „
Oct your workmate to subscribe for
The Federatlonist,
««*«*«        ******        ******        ******     ******    «««*«*        ««*«**
Low Wages and Blacklisting Have Been Cause of Thousands
Leaving the Country While Unemployment Prevalled-*-Govern-
ment Now Aiding Big Interests by Seeking a Large Surplus
of  Labor While Thousands Are Still Without Employment
THE DOMINION GOVERNMENT has decided on an aggressive immigration policy. In faet, so aggressive is it to bc, that $600,000 has been voted for this purpose.  Not only is the policy to be an aggressive one, but it is to be "progressive," if the press reports of the government's actions are true.
During the discussion in the House, it was asked, how it was that Australia had stolen a march on
Canada. In other words, why Australia was flrst in tho field for new workers, and it was intimated by
government supporters, that in future the other British dominions would have to step some, if they are
to "beat Canada to it."
Naturally, thc government, as in the late war, has to cloak its real purpose behind a smoke screen
of subterfuge, and an imperial objective, and thc workers, not yet realizing just what imperialism means,
will fall for the sophistries of their masters. They will bo content to see the country flooded with
workers,.in spite of the faet that for two to three years they have been without work; have been compelled to work whenever the opportunity offered for low wages, and accept such conditions as the
employers wished to impose on them .
But what are the facts, as to conditions in Western Canada, and we think we can safely say as to
Canada as a whole? They are, that thousands of the highest skilled mechanics have left the country because they could better their position in the United States. The Carpenters Union of Vancouver has
lost several of its most efficient members and also several officers, becatise the wages paid in cities south
of the line, are higher than in Canada.
The lumbering industry has also been hard hit. Thc best loggers and woodsmen have been driven
out of the country by the medium of a vicious blacklisting system. Organization tb the employers was
obnoxious, and all those men, the best workmen at that, who engaged in union activities, were placed
on the blacklist, and left the country, not because of their desire to do so, but because they were'
forced to, by the employing class.
Thc metal trades have also been hit. Hundreds of the highest skilled mechanics have left—not beoause they wcro inefficient, and could not hold down jobs, but because there was no work, and such jobs
as were going were low paid, and better wages were offered in other parts of the continent.
But thc government, it is announced, has a scheme that will keep tho immigrants here. The intention is to bring children and domestic servants and farm laborers out to this country. But it should be
remembered that when the workers in the cities were unemployed, and that people were starving, the
farming regions were the only places where work could be secured in the seasons when farm labor is
needed, which are not extensive and only cover a few months in the year, and were not only a source of
revenue to the workers, but the unemployed of the cities were used to supply tho farmers with workers
in the rush seasons, which only last about six weeks in this country of highly-developed agricultural
There arc many aspects of the Labor situation in Canada that must bc considered. The farmer is not
by any means wealthy. He cannot sell his crops, and cannot afford to employ labor to harvest his
wheat or other crops, when he realizes that there is no market for his produce: But the government
intends to bring young boys from the Old Lands and place them on the farms. The intention is also to
bring out domestic servants to compete with Asiatic labor in the homes of our patriotic citizens, while
farm laborers will be induced to come to this land of liberty and unemployment, to compete with the
child labor which the same bdhign government will place in homes on farms to work and produce crops
which will bo a drug on the market.
Canada is to "step on the gas." She will spend over half a million dollara on bringing into the
country more'people, who will eventually leave it as they arc doing today by the thousands or starve to
death, but the Canadian National Railway and the C. P. R. and the banks must be served at all costs.
The need for more people in Canada oan only be found in the books of the transportation companies,
loan sharks and banks. There is no labor shortage in Canada. There is, however, a surplus of labor
whieh cannot be employed, hence the exodus. Thc Canadian government might well spend the $600,-
000 in keeping the people who are already in tho country here, instead of spending that sum on inducing more to come, who will follow thc beaten track wliich has been trod by thousands of the most efficient and skilled workers the oountry ever had. Our efficiency experts in thc large industries, even including what capitalistic farming there is, might well make a note of tliis fact. But then what is the
use; the cheaper it is, the better the employing elass likes the labor power which it buys as it docs its
raw material, in the lowest market and thc greater thc supply, the cheaper the commodity, and that is
all there is to it. In the meantime, Thc Fedcratiouist takes this opportunity to tell thc world that Canada is not a land of promise, but a land of blasted hopes for the immigrants who came to this country
in the days of prosperity, which at least do not exist here at this time.
Co-operative Workers Help
the Striking Textile
Workers ;
New 'York — Invaluable assistance
was given the textile strikers In New
England by co-operative bakeries, the
final report of the bakeries.shows. The
co-operatives, about half a dozen ln
number, which were In operation in
tho district when the strike began,
baked bread and furnished lt to the
strikers at a oost of $8000, which
would have cost them $13,600 if it
had been bought from commercial
When the walkout began last year
against a proposed wage cut ln the
cotton mills, relief work Immediately
was planned by theBe co-operative
bakeries. Led by the bakery in New
Bedford, Mass., thousands of dollars
were collected from labor unions, fraternal organizations and other co-operatives. This money wae used to purchase flour, which was baked into
bread without any expense to the strikers' organizations/ A large co-operative bakery in Paterson, N. J„ contributed tons of flour to the strikers.
Frank P. Walsh Says Law
Abridgement of Citizens Righto
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Workers Party Representative to Moscow to Give
Full Report
TPHE CLASS character of our govern-'
ment becomes more and more apparent everyl day. Prom the bitter
attacks which the leader of the opposition sometimes makes upon the ministers, one might Imagine that there
was little In common between the two
parties. However, when anything.vital
arises, Mr. Meighen will express confidence in the judgment of Mr. Fielding, or congratulate the minister of
militia or the minister of justice on
the firm stand which he has taken.
The other day I askod a question as
to thc reason why James Larkin had
not been permitted to come to Canada.
The minister of immigration stated
that he was regarded as undesirable,
and said that his action had been confirmed by the minister bf Justice. When
one looks across tho floor at Sir Lomer
Gouln and recognizes his connection
with the railroads, the Bank of Montreal and the big Industrial enterprises
of Eastern Canada, one would he blind
Indeed did ho not see who are the real
rulers of Canada.
In connection with the immigration
estimates, thc acting minister of Immigration read a telegram which he
had received from Sir John Willison,
re thel endorsation of the scheme of
the Western Colonization Association
by the C. P. R. and other leading interests. This telegram was conBldored
ample warrant for the government to
launch upon a scheme and to make
grants to the company. Just why
such deference should he paid to the
words of Sir John Willison and the
president of the C, P. R. Ib not apparent to large numbers of the workers
across Canada.
When there was a discussion ns the
coal situation In Cape Breton, Mr.
Kytc, In defending the action of the
government In sending in the military,
said that the mayors of the Eastern
towns were themselves members of
the union, and ho could not ho expected to protect the Interests of the cUl-
zena. We have wondered whether
bankers and employers who happen to
he In public offlee are so diBlntereHted
In thoir views that their action Is nover
The House must be without a sense J
of humor, or It would note the inconsistencies that are daily manifest.   Mr. I
Zuler, in criticizing Mr. Tom Moore's
adverse stand on the immigration policy, said: "I think It is an attitude that
is entirely Improper—possibly that
word Is too strong—but it is an attitude that should not be taken by a
gentleman who is also a director of
the National Railways." Not only Is a
Labor member not supposed to speak
ln a disinterested way, but If he accepts a government position, he is not
to be allowed to have opinions that
differ from thoso held by a majority
on the government side.
But of those In superior positions,
whose views correspond with thoso of
the government, there is no condemnation. Thoy may not only advocate
certain political policies, but their
words may be quoted as authoritative.
Fot example, Mr. Jacobs said: "The
last timo I heard Sir Henry Thornton
speak, ho was In favor of a strong and
vigorous immigration policy," Then
Mr. Jacobs goes on to condemn Mr.
Tom.Moore for expressing a divergent
opinion. "I must express regret that
a director of the National Railways
should declare himself on matters of
this kind. It is not fair to thc coun
try." We wonder how far the acceptance of u government position ties, or
ls intended to tie, a man's hands.
Tho debate on the immigration policy has developed into a general discussion as to the entire economic situation In Canada. If the government
should print half the criticisms of the
Farmers and Labor people as Immigration literature, the volume of pco-
ltl-XltSTb.lt YOUIl VOTE
W/OIIKI-.ltS in Vancouver und stir"
" I'oniidhm nninlrlpnMiles wlio
woro not on (Ik. lust Provincial vol-
ers list, or who fulled to poll their i
VOtOS at the last cle-t'tlnii, should
have their untile* placed mi the voters list which Is nnw being compiled.
The last day fnr registration Is
April fl, nnd the ].lncc to do It is the
Court House. Georgia Street, on the
ground floor. Do It now, tomorrow
mny ho loo late. Something may
Ill-event you getting on tlie lists if
you delay. Tlie west wing of tlio
Court House Is the location of tlio
registration ofllce.
'pie coming into this country would
not be very large,
Recognizes Russia
A Montreal correspondent recently
sent me an interesting volume Issued
by tho Canadian Pacific Steamships.
In this we are told thut prepaid passengers to Canada from Russia are
coming forward on each sailing. The
C. P. R. boasts that the Canadian Pn-
ciflc Steamships was the flrst trans-
Atlantic Steamship Co. to open Ub own
office in Russia; that It was the first to
be authorized by the Soviet govornment to book passengers from Russia
to Canada. It seems rather odd that
tho C. P. R, should recognize Soviet
RuKsla, whilst the govornment refuses
to do so. Wo presume that now the
government recognition will not he
very long In coming. Incidentally,
this is a very interesting commentary
on the wholesale condemnation of
those who two or threo years ago,
urged trading with Russia. Fancy
thc reception which would be given a
Labor representative If he advocated
tho Importation of immigrants from
Soviet Russia?
As a Labor representative, I am often called upon to stato our ipusition,
not merely on the floor o fthe House,
but also In reply to correspondents. A
few days ago, I had a communication
from lhe Winnipeg Board of Trade,
urging the establishment of a binder
twine Industry In Western Canada.
The memorandum pointed out that
such Industry would provide work for
approximately 1000 men In Its Initial
stages; that British Investors were
prepared to Invest tho necessary
money; that such an Industry would
reduce lhe cost of hinder twine to lhe
farmers; and thnt, In addition, it
would be a source of revenue to the
Federal government by adding an additional Industry which would be the
subject of taxation. For these reasons It was urged that the Dominion
government should grant a reasonable
bounty for a reasonable period to bona
lido Investors. The following was my
"Dent- Sir: Let mc thank you for
sending me B copy of the resolution of
the council nf the Winnipeg Bonrd of
Trade re the establishing of a binder
twine Industry In Westom Canada
"I cannot approve the proposal to
grant a bounty   to Investors lo estnb-
To Speak at Many Points
Including Coast
In response to the insistent demand
of tho Workers Party branches, and
the decision of the convention, the C,
E. C. of the Workers Party has
completed the necessnry arrange
ments for Comrade Spector to
tour to tho Pacific Coast spreading
the message of Communism on the
way. All Interested ln the doings of
the Third International should make
it a point to make this trip a success.
This is the first time that the Canadian
working class will have had the opportunity of getting tho impressions of
the delegute ot a Canadian political
party to the breeding ground of the
world revolution, and to experience the
magls touch with the Commlntern.
Comrade Spector's report to the recent convention of the purty stirred
all the delegates present. Hla description of the opening of the congress,
the magnificent parades of the Petrograd and Moscow workers, the
speeches of Trotsky, Bucharin, Rudek
and other leaders of the Communist
International, was delivered with the
enthusiasm which cannot be imparted
to a pen sketch of the days spent in
ThiB will provido all workers with
an opportunity of hearing the decisions of the fourth congress. Spector
will tell of the attitude adopted towards ull countries represented, with
special mention of the Canadian situation. This will be dealt with fully,
both In respect to the trade union
movement and tho genoral political
conditions. All branches and mem
bers must get behind this tour. It
must be made a success. All should
advertise the meetings of .Comrade
Spector to as wide a circle us possible.
The expense will be heavy, but ft will
be cheerfully borne by tho C. E.
If thc comrades will do their best to
spread lhe inspiring messago of tho
''om mu nisi International. Comrado
Spector will do his part well. If our
members will do as much for the
party, the tour can ba written down
right now as a success. He will leavo
Toronto on April 4, his schedule being
as follows:
April fi—Sudbury.
April 7—Port Arthur.
April 8—Winnipeg.
April 11—Moose Jaw.
April 12—Reglna.
April 18—Saskatoon,
Aprif IB—Ed montb n.
April  IH and 20—Drumheller.
Thenee   to   the  Paelfle   Coast,   stoj
ping at Intermediary points.
F. L. P. Meeting
On Sundny evening at headquarters,
148 Cordova Street West, Dr. Lyle
Telford will be the speaker for thi
Federated Labor Purty. Dr. Telford
Ir a forceful and Interesting speaker,
and   should   draw   n   crowded   house.
Tho meeting will commence at 8 p.m.
Star Witness for Prosecution Has Very Rough
[By Joe Carroll]
(Federated Frees Correspondent)
St. Joseph, Mich.—Judge Charles ■.
White denied the motion of Frank P.
Walsh to quash the indictment against
Wm. z. Foster, charged with having
violated the anti-syndicalism law of
this .State. Walsh argued that the
criminal syndicalism act, and particularly the provisions involved in this
case, is an act of the legislature which
constitutes an abridgment of the right
of free speech and of the right of free
assemblage, and le contrary to sections
2 and 4 of the statute laws of the State
of Michigan; and also of article 14 of
the Constitution of the United Statea.
Walsh claims that a search of the
legal authorities throughout the countries of Burope will not show any
statute In relation to similar cases that
carries with It any penalty beyond
that for a misdemeanor. He stated
that the evidence shows the assembly
in question was an assembly of the
Communist Party of. America, but that
there Is not shown any aet in violation
of the criminal syndicalism law of Michigan. Further, that no person In
attendance at this meeting Ib shown
to haye advocated by word or in writing any act of sabotage or violence, or
other unlawful methods as a means
of accomplishing Industrial or political
reform.       \
Walsh contended that it is not
claimed that any such acts have been
done within this state, nor that it was
shown there is in existence an organisation that -teaches or advocates criminal syndicalism as Bet forth in the
statute. He held that the sole charge
against the defendant, Wm. Z. Foster,
is therefore solely one of association—
the charge that he was a member of
this group of Communists.
Judge. White disposed of all this In
a few minutes, not even* requiring the
State to answer, and ruled that there
was sufficient grounds for the case to
go to the jury.
The State's star witness, FranciB A.
Morrow, had rough sledding during
his passage through the morning Bes-
i. "I must take that back," and "I
must have been a little confused yesterday," were two of the startling announcements to wblch thfs witness
treated the jury and audience in the
Maoriland Worker Hits Out
at "American"
Wellington, N. 55.—The Maoriland
Worker, the official organ of the New
Zealand unionists, commenting on the
release of Jim Larkin from jail, says:
"Jim Larkin wub cast Into a dungeon for sevoral yours on a verdict
finding him guilty of something called
'criminal anarchy.' He lies In prison
for a year or two, is then released under hall pending tho hearing of an appeal, ln which the judgment goes
against him, when ho Is Immediately
Jafled again to work out a sentence of
from ftvo to ten yoars.
"Somo months pass, and now the
State governor of New York asserts
that he was not guilty of 'criminal anarchy' tit all, and had merely affirmed
the desirability of a drastic reconstruction uf society .and lets him go.
"And that's the end ot It. There Is
no apology for wrongful Imprisonment, no compensation for wastage of
life and opportunity, uot a hope of
restitution. Buch is the criminal jus-
tied of capitalism."
W.   Bennett al  l^iidysmllh
W. Bennott will ho the speaker at a
mooting of workers to ho held In Ladysmith on Sunday ovening. It Is expected that Sam Guthrie,* M, L. A., wtll
act os chairman, while Comrade Ben-
needs no Introduction to an Island
audience. Ladysmith workers are requested to see loeal ads and to attend
tho mooting, for Comrade Bennett will
have something of interest to say.
llsh such Industry. If, as stated, this
would he u great advantage to the farmers or to the working men, why
should not grants ho mado to thoir
organizations to enable them themselves to establish sueh Industry; or If
It is necessary that the government
should put money into such a proposition, why should not the government
itself maintain the control and oither
reap the benefits or distribute them
through producing a cheaper article
for the farms?
"IT you will read the speech of Mr.
William Irvine and some of the Farmer mombors on the resolution to Investigate the whole question of financial erodlt, you will. I think, see what
is our position on such matters.
Fours sincerely,
"Ottawn. March 21,  1928."
Open Forum
The open forum meetings In the W.
P, hall, 303 Pendor Street West, are
becoming more popular than ever,
and last Sunday there was a good attendance. On Sundny next, Mr, Hobt.
Hunter will be the speaker, und his
subject "Political aud Direct Action."
li is expected that this topic will draw
a large crowd.
Bombay, India — The Communist
Party of India has Issued an ajipenl
for a general strike in protest against
the death sentences Imposed upon 172
men, most of them poor formers, for
their alleged participation In the riot
nt Chaurl Chnrua over a year ago, In
which 22 policemen lost their livos.
The appeal Buys: "The crime of these
men was that they dared to assert
their right tn live, and challenged the
authority which orders them to toll
and starve perpetually." PAGE TWO
fifteenth year,   no. is BRITISH  COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST  Vancouver, b. o.
FRIDAY March 30,  1923
Publisli-d every Friday morning liy 'Clio B. C. Fedenuloniat
Business Office:   1129 Howe Street
Editorial   Offloe:     Room   306—311)   Pendor   Street   West
Editorial Board:   1'. 1!. Bongough, R.  H. Neelands, J. M,
Clark. Georgo Barlloy.       	
Subscription Ituto: United States and Foroign, $3.00 por
year: Canada, $2.r.O per year, 81.50 I'or six months; to
Unions subscribing in a body, 10c per member per
1'nlty or Labor:   The Hope ol the World	
in ahead of Canada. A recent issue of a British
newspaper, the Sunday Post, of March 4, carried
tlie following headline: "Hundreds of British ex-
Service Men Stranded and Starving in Australian
Towns." This may not be good reading, but to say
the least, it is illuminating, and if our friends in
the Old Land will take a word of advice, they will
Irel'use to bc shipped out like cattle so that the
transportation companies may be enriched, and the
wages of Canadian workers reduced. The schemes
of politicians are always dominated by the ruling
class, and the immigration policy of the Dominion
government has both of these objects in view.
FRIDAY March  30,   192:
Big Business—Immigration and
BUSINESS is business, and big business controls
all governments. This fact is not generally
accepted in countries such as Canada, where "Democracy" is supposed to reign. In those countries,
the dear people are supposed to be in supreme
power, and in the minds of those who can only see
as far as thc nationalization of public utilities, the
capturing of the power of government is the be all
and end all of democracy. And to this extent, for
governments are a product of "democracy" and
today support such "democracies" as the United
Stattes and Canada, they arc consistent.
* *       *
Being democratic, the government of Canada
would no doubt deny that it was animated by any
other sourco than a wish to serve the people. But
those people who read between thc lines and dig
beneath the surface, discover the real faets as to
the reason for the great campaign for an aggressive immigration policy.
* *       #
The facts whieh tbey discover arc, that the large
transportation companies arc behind the moves be-
4ng made to bring a large number of people to
Canada, at a time when industry is stagnant, and
there are thousands out of cmploymepnl, as the
following cliping from a paper in thc Old Land
will show. This paper is the Mid-Cumberland and
North Westmorland Horald, and the clipping reads
as follows:
The Attractions of Canada.— The Penrith Al-
hambra was crowded on Wednesday night to
hear a lecture on "New Homes Within the Empire," by Major Alfred Eastham, a representative of the Canadian Pacific Railway Oompany. The lecture was illustrated by cinematograph and lantern pictures, and the lecturer
spoke of the opportunities for settlers in Western Canada. The films dealt with general
farming, fruit and dairy farming, and the social
life of tile settlers, showing how improved machinery had been, introduced and how much
work done by hand in England is now dealt
with by machinery. Mr. T. Sarjeant, King
Street, Penrith, is the local immigration agent.
As the Bank of Montreal, thc Bank of Commerce
and the Canadian Pacific Railway, have interlocking directorates, it can be safely assumed that the
G. P. B. and the banks are behind thc immigration
moves of the government as the financial powers of
tho country at all times, whether the government
be Liberal or Tory, control the government, and
ean at any timo cripple it by withholding the
necessary finances with which to do business, and
to conduct further political campaigns. This being so, there is little doubt as to the actions of the
C. P. E. in boosting its business, when it secures
from the government a subsidy for advancing its
interests, for the grant for immigration can only
be considered as such.
* *        *
But the Canadian government is in the transportation business also. It has secured the services of
a highly-paid railroad man, in the person of Sir
William Thornton, to make its transportation system pay. Sir William knows bow to make railroads pay. He adpols the methods of reducing
labor costs ,nnd by flooding thc country with labor,
he does two thing., .at one and the same time—he
increases tlie income of' thc 'Canadian National Bail-
way aud Steamship' lines, and creates an overstocked labor market.
Sf. v. *
No doubt the C. P. It. and other financial concerns have this in mind also, whon they back the
government's "aggressive" immigration policy, but
a little research into thc methods of the Canadian
government when doing business, will show that
the nation's business conies second on the. list.
The Canadian government lias, a merchant marine. It also .has a "National" railroad, "owned by
thc people."' But this is■■ what happens. This same
"democratic" government,' which is serving the
people, subsidizes ii steamship company known as
the Boyal Mail l'aekel Company to the extent of
$3.0,000, whose ship-; are in competition with the
Canadian (iovei'iimenl Merchant Marine vessels. It
might also b.e pointed out that the snme government which is supposed to bo a business one, pajs
less tn its sailors than any oilier Hue sailing out
of this port, and the conditions on the ships arc of
the poorest—so poor have tlicy been, that on several occasions, strikes have taken place on them.
. .        it,
But some of our friends, who believe in nationalization, will still persist in advocating their peculiar and nonsensical nostrums as a cure for the
evils of capitalism, In the meantime, the Canadian
government, is going on thc even tenor of its way,
"doing" the business' for which it was elected,
namely, to serve the real'powers behind thc scenes,
thc large financinl interests who now control all
the industrial enterprises.
But the immigration problem is still before us.
The glories of this country to the prospective immigrant, be it boy or girl, of the tender years of
twelve, or the mature worker who has.reached the
years of discretion, but not thc understanding of
capitalism ,arc being; spread broadcast in the older
H- * *
The transportation companies ,aided by the government, arc busy inducing unsuspecting workers,
and prospective stump ranchers, to leave the lands
of their birth ,to secure a share of Canadian prosperity, which in the past two or more years, has
consisted of unemployment for the industrial workers and poverty and misery for the farmers,
* *        *
But other dominions are carrying on a campaign
for immigrants, and as stated in the press, the government has been criticized becauso Australia got
The U. B. C. and Patriotism
C1E HENRY NEWBOLT, a "real patriot," ac-
*J cording to capitalistic standards, has been in
Vancouver. But little notice was taken of his
utterances, until after the students at the University, in their magazine, Ubyssey, criticized the utterances of this exponent of capitalist morality and
ethics, whicli according to the students magazine,
contained the following gem:
"British patriotism," said Sir Henry, "was
based upon three elements: The love of games
which extended even to that rough game ealled
war; love of native soil and admiration for the ■
men who were responsible for the great achievements of the nation.''
This kind of stuff raised the student writer's ire,
and he suggested that the students wondered when
"will the blighter go."
If the quotation of Sir Henry's speech given
above, is a correct one, we wonder not that any
audience got uneasy and ean only feel that a great
deal of patience was shown by the students when
they listened to it and showed their deference to a
guest and remained seated while such nonsense was
peddled to them.
But irrespective of the students' attitude, the
Vancouver World has ideas on patriotism also, and
expressed them in a castigation of the writer of the
article referred to in the Ubyssey, and in this connection the World says:
It has long been recognized that the Provincial University has been a hotbed of radical
teaching, but it will come as a surprise to many
citizens to learn that the University they, are
taxing themselves to support, and the young
gentlemen who are being provided with advanced education out of the toil and efforts of the
general public, have so far educated themselves
away from British sentiment that they have no
sympathy with an eminent British poet ond
educator when he addresses them on the subject of "Poetry ari(_ Patriotism" and feel
"positive rebellion" at his treatment of the
While we may not know all there is to know, we
never yet realized taht there was poetry in patriotism. We oan hardly imagine that there is any
poetical inspiration in the butchery of millions of
workers, as.in the late war, in the name of patriotism or the world. We csn only congratulate the
students on taking a stand against the nauseating
piffle of a man who never gave them any food for
thought, but only a feeling of disgust. Radicalism
may prevail in university circles, and it may grow
in spite of the musty teachings of the old philosophies and misconceptions which capitalistic education impresses on the minds of the young. The
Federationist has no fears if the students arc unpatriotic, but has hopes if they are inclined to use
tlieir brains and not let others do their thinking
for them.
The Need for Industrial and
Agricultural Workers' Cohesion
T AST WEEK we referred to the activities of the
a* International ruling class, and thc programme
whieh was laid down in Bome for the restriction of
the activities of Labor unions. The resolution, as
dopted, was reproduced along with a statement to
the effect that it was proposed by the American
section of International Chamber of Commerce.
The North American continent may appear to be
a long way from Italy, but the ruling class knows
no boundary lines; it bas no sectionalism when its
interests as a class are threatened, and we are inclined to believe that iu thc very near future thc
methods of the Italian anti-working class elements
11 be used on this continent.
The Italian. Fascisti has taken care of thc situation so far as ruling elass interests are concerned.
This organization has persecuted and prosecuted the
members of thc working elass who have dared to
challenge, either by word or deed, the rule of capital. Every advantage has been taken, and being
formed of the supporters of capitalism, this organization has not been slow to learn the weak
.pots in the Italian Labor movement.
So capable and intelligent have the leaders of
this movement in Italy been, that they have taken
every advantage of the workers' weaknesses.   As
A. Bordiga says, in the British Labor Monthly:
"The Fascisti have taken every advantage
of the filet that the Socialists never had an
agrarian policy, and that the interests of certain elements of thc countryside, which were
not purely proletarian,  are in  opposition to
those of the Socialists."
* ■'.'•"».      k
With the memory of the crushing of the Hungarian proletarian revolution, with the aid of thc agrarian population still fresh, the working class movement of this.country might well, at this time, take
time to see what can be done to organize the farmers on working elass lines. It is true that they may
not be able to join industrial organizations, but
they ean be organized politically to act with the
eity proletariat;
* * *
_ The farmers liavo also an interest in the question of the fusing of tlieir power politically with
the city .workers. The past few years have not
been ones of great prosperity to the land workers
of this Province, where beef has sold at three cents
|>cr pound on the boof, and fruit has had to rot on
the ground, beeause it did not pay to send it to the
market, which is controlled by the wholesalers and
jobbers. In faet, thc eity workers and the agrarian
or agricultural population have everything in common from a class viewpoint, and nothing to. lose by
nn amalgamation of forces.
"THIS SUBJECT gave a suitable ond-i
Ing to Dr. Curry's course of weekly
lectures, on "Science and Communism," which began tbo Ilrst Thursday
ol' Ootober.
In his opinion, tbere is not enough
said about this most inspiring objective of the great international working
class movement, He believed that now,
with Russia "over the top," wo can
with a scientific faith soe some of tbe
outlines of the new social order, and
also know considerable of the fight
which wo must stage to get there. We
feel assured, however, that the transition from poverty nnd war to peaco
and plenty, will follow tbe establishment of Communism ns day follows
tho rising of tbe sun.
It Is all a mntlor of tbe production
and distribution of commodities. Since
there ls ample labor and machinery
of production, and natural resources
to provide many times the present
population of this globe with all the
comforts of lifo. Poverty and war
can be traced to economic causes,
which could not exist under a world-
Slavory, the Mother of Crime and
For ages primitive man suffered famine through lack of productive powers, through his ignorance of his environment,   poverty as  wo  know  It,
Bread Lines Made Up
Sickly Women and
Horrible State Is Described
By Federated Press
Staff Writers
[By Louis P, Lochner]
(European Dir. Federated Press)
Berlin—A group of us, including
Laurence Todd, on a year's leave of
absence from the Federated Press,
went the other day to a typical "Youth
Welfare Station," of which there are
numerous ones throughout industrial
Germany. Our coming had not been
previously announced; there waa no
attempt at staging anything for our
special benefit.
Up the rickety steps we went in an
old building in the heart of one of the
poorest sections of Berlin. In the long
corridor was a regular bread-line of
men, women and children waiting for
their turn to come—all of them puny
and sickly looking, all of them destitute, all of them undernourished.
We entered the series of offices, in
which there sat, two in each room, officiala of the welfare station. Each of
them was occupied with a consultation. We sat down in a corner and
listened, pretending meanwhile to be
reading newspapers.
Here was a war widow with a wan
little boy and an emaciated girl. The
boy seemed to us to be about 8 years
old—imagine our surprise when the
official, in noting down the facts in the
case, was told that the youngster was
13 years old. The widow had come to
inquire about possibilities lor work for
the boy after he leaves school next
Easter, It wus apparent that the boy
needed first of all to be sent out into
the country to gain a little strength.
"But,".sighed the sympathetic official,
"it will be hard to flnd a place for him
on a farm, since the boy is not in a
position to do even light chores. Many
farmers will take boys for the summer, but they expect them to do some
work." Then with a warm-hearted
smile, she promised she would do her
level best for the tot.
Next came the question of clothing.
The widow explained that her boy absolutely needed underwear and a suit,
that his ragged outflt could be patched
no longer. Again distress was writ
upon the brow of the sympathetic official, and again he held out hopes to
the widow that possimy _y tomorrow
some solution of tho clothing problem
might be found. In this cawe hei- hopes
were rewarded, for after the widow
had left, one of our party, touched nt
this misery, offered to outfit the
The official inquired whether the
boy was not getting any milk. "Oh,
no," tho widow replied, "-It's too high
now. Since it's gono up to 10 marks
(less than ono-twontleth cent), I've
had to drop even that." To understand the tragedy of thla situation fully, lot It be mild that this feo of ten
marks is a mere nominal one, charged
by way of not making the transaction
one of completo charity.
When the widow had left, to make
room for others in distress, the official
explained: "We have hundreds of
cases like this, of sadly undernourished boys and girls whom we should like
to put into the country, but who have
not even thc clothes with which to go.
There are enough kind-hearted farmers who declare their willingness to
take in a lad or a lassie, on condition
that these bring their own clothing
and such necessities as a towel. In
many cases we are unable to send the
child for lack or theso essentials."
With«great pride tho hoad of the
staff took us to a cnrefully-locked cupboard, which she fondly callod her
treasure chest. Here she hoards
whatever shoos, clothes and foodstuffs
she can buy cheaply at some rummage
salo from the funds, altogether too
meagro( which visiting foreigners
leave with her from time to time. No-
Nvhere, I dare say, doos a dollar go
farther than with this devoted group,
who watch every opportunity for buying at rock bottom prices,
"The most distressing part about it,"
said our hostess, "Is the fact that all
this Is merely a stopgap, Wo nro
merely relieving distress hore and
thore In individual casos. But until
an entirely new order of society Js
created, theso casos will keep on multiplying."
•could not have existed under civilized
modes of production, but the serpent
oi' private property and power, tempted Kome of our forebears to enslave
thoir fellow man, and thus began the
wars and faminos, the decline and
death of empires and civilizations,
which aro the inevitable fruits of
class rulo and human slavery.
When Karl Marx declared that
"capitalism bore within Itself the
soeds of its own destruction," he stated a truth which we can see being
verified today. That differenco between what modern machinery enables the worker to produce, and tho
valuo represented by his wages, is
that thing representing the sweat and
life forces of the wago slavo, which is
today slowing down tho wheels of
production, and bringing famine and
degradation to millions.
While the wages of tho workers
fluctuate around the cost of his subsistence, improvements in machinery
havo given an ever-increasing portion
of valuo croated to the owner of the
machine—the capitalist.
Under primitive methods, or even a
century ago, production and consumption in any community, or nation,
could balance. But today no nation
operating machinery in place of hand
labor, can begin to consume its products, and this struggle for markets
has been a prime cause of war, including that late contest for "democracy."
And In this war capitalistic production
reached its summit. With the ending
of this campaign, countries such as
Japan and China, formerly the dumping grounds for the surplus of the
western world, Installed up-to-date
machinery, to supply the demands of
war, but in these countries especially,
wages based on the cost of subsistence
is less than with the advanced nations. Today mnchinery of production is slowing down, and capitalism
is dying, because its circulatory system is clogged by this surplus value.
Today the world is in that position
where millions are hungry, ragged
and homeless, due to the fact that our
powers of ■ producing food, clothing
and homes is so great. The speaker
exhibited some charts illustrating his
points. Some of these showed how,
through Improvements ln methods of
manufacture, the surplus value had
increased in America, while the wages
of the workers engaged had remained
at the point of subsistence. Ho also
showed that tho increase of unemployment had kept pace with improvements in labor saving machinery.
The relative amount of labor-power
necessary for the production of various commodities under hand labor,
and machinery was shown. For instance, 100 bushels of barley, 50 years
ago, required 211 hours, with machinery but 9 hours; 50 bushels of
wheat used to require 160 hours, now
less than 7, and In the manufacture
of textile goods, lumber, books, etc.,
the labor time has been reduced much
more than this. Now, said the speaker, a Communist state when established by the workers, will mean the
abolition of this surplus valu"; it will
mean tlmt consumption and production In an- cummunily or country will
balance; It will mean the and o" claas
divisions and economic slavery, tho
end of the social parasite, the exploiter of labor, who for ages has been a
curse to himself, ns to his victim.
The class ownership of the moans
of life enables the capitalist today to
poison the well springs of knowledge,
and to enslave the brain, as well as
tha bodies of the masses. Under Communism, the workers would own and
operate the machinery of production,
and wealth would be used only to provido the workers with comforts and
necessities of life. True education and
art would be for all. Russia today is
basing her economic and industrial
structure on the text: "If men work
not, neither shall they eat, and neither
shall they vote." As Frederick Engles
told us our social anarchy today results from "the incompatability between social production and capital
appropriation." Social harmony can
only come through social production,
and social appropriation.' In other
words, through "production for use,
instead of for profit." But this will
mean the end of the master, and of
the slave, and will be the true beginning of freedom and progress.
Today all the accumulated knowledge of tho ages is used by the mas-
tor class to wage bloody warfare, and
rob the producers. Communism will
end this. As Eugene V. Debs said:
"Could but the workers understand,
nnd heed the message of the machine,
bo would know it is the child of IiIh
brain, and has come, not to enslave
him, but to free mankind." Capitalism, said Lafargue, is bankrupt; the
workers of the 20th century will execute the decree of history, and drive
it from its position of social control.
Only then will the stupendous work
of science and industry accomplished
by humanity, at the price of such toil
nnd suffering, will engender poace
and happiness. Then will this vale of
tears be transformed into an earthly
The Communistic prophets of Israel
told of a time when nations would
beat their spears into plowshares, and
their swords into pruning hooks—of
the day when tho workers shall build
houses and inhabit them, and plant
vineyards and eat the fruit of them;
when they shall not build houses for
others to Inhabit, or plant vineyards
for exploiters;" while a modern prophet tells us of the coming time wlien
all shall be joy-smiths, and their
tasks shall be to beat out laughter
from the ringing anvil of life.
Seattle—Martin Flyzlk, president of
District 10 of the United Mine Workers, has boon nominated to run ngainst
William Short for the presidency of
the State Foderation of Labor. Short,
incumbent, was himself formerly a
president of District 10. Interest in
the election is keen. Flyzlk claims the
support of tho miners, an influential
group in the Stato Labor movement.
Short claims support of the more constructive building tradesmen, culinary
workers and miscellaneous trades.
New York—The flrst blow in this
country at the Fascisti movoment in
Italy was struck by 2000 Italians, most
of them mombers of American trade
unions, who mot in tho Amalgamated
tomple, Brooklyn. They pledged themselves to combat Facism as a regime
of "terrorism and assassination," and
are undertaking to raise money for the
victims of the Fascisti ln Italy.
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Smart New Silly
For Spring
THE new Terry Art Silk for sports wear,
blouses or dresses is a pleasing fabric in
a self-colored stripe effect in shades of
putty, silver, pistache, henna, majolica,
brown, ivory, jade or black; 36-inch—
$3.95 a yard.
Novelty Flat Crepes, ta smart conventional designs
on white or rose foundations, 40 inches .vide—
$4.95 a yard.
Plat Crepe in small novelty checks effects of pleasing contrasting colors, adaptable for blouses or
dresses; 40 inches wide—$4.50 a yard.
Minneapolis—A legislative investigation into dormitory fees at the
school of agriculture, University of
Minnesota, ls to be made, H, M. Johns-
boy, a Farmer-Labor member from
Polk county, charges that fees have
advanced from $85 o term in 1910 to
(250 ln 1322, as a result of which it ls
practically impossible for a farmer of
small means to send his son to the agricultural college.
New   and   Striking  Models—In
the   New   Materials—the   New
Oflcrcd at a Popular Price
From Maker
To Wearer
623 HASTINOS ST.. Hair QruTffll
Ring np Phone Seymonr 13M
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Sulu>   301   Dominion   BnlMlng
Arthur Frith & Co.
2313 Main Street
Botwccu   Seventh   und   Eighth
Men's Leather Boots, with or
without Neolin sole, An (?/\
to size 11. To clear vOeOU
Hoavy weight Muleskln Gloves.
Saturday ^C*»
Blue  Chambray  Shirts,   to  size
__ _^_ 90c
See our prices on Running Shoo*
md Children's Sandals. We eau save
pou money-
Men's Dark Brown Suits. Regular $22.50. A | r* /W\
To clour  »lPlU«Uv
We have secured the agency for tbe
Royal Tailors, made-to-measure Clothing.   Prices are from—
$26 to $50
Phono Fairmont 485-
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-408 Metropolitan Building
837 Hutlngi St. W. VANCOUVER. B. 0.
Telephones: Seymonr 6066 and 6667
Kirk's Coal
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones:  Sey. 1441 and 465
Offlee No. 2
1025 Main Street
Phone Sey. 9075
Kindling Free
1440 GRANVILLE  Sejr. 5200
E. T. Harriion 8. A. Perrj
Phoae rain-one 68
Order Gallon Jar for your parties and  dances.
Phone, Highland 90.
Cigar Store
Long Distance Telephone Service a Bevl
Asset to the Exacting Bunlitess Man.
THERE are few advantages In modern
business to be compared In actual valne
with tho servico ymir own oflico telephone
Is prepared at nny moment of the day or
night to supply you with.
At a minimum outlay in minutes, you
can got In direct touch with your desirod
party, possibly hundreds of miles away,
where postal or othor delay would be a
decided drawback. Correspondence cannot compote with tho speod of telephono
Bervice, besldec which consider carofully
tho undoubted advantages of a personal
1160 Oeorgia Street
Sunday services, 11 a.m. and 7:80 p.m.
Sanday achool immediately following
morning aervlee. Wednetday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading room.
901-003 Birks Bldg.
—"LAID  OFF"—=
Tno Short Words, Bridging the Golf Between
Htve ron protected jomelt and jour tesnll, »i_t__t eaeh ta emerjeaor,
wltb * SA VINOS ACCOUNT—the moat Ttlotblo A«et • num eta here for
the "RAINY DAY."
We STBONOLY RECOHIIEND roa to Blurt met et uoeant AT ONCE,
st one of oar Olty Brtneliee-
HASTINOS tnd SETMOUB Ow. 8. Htnuon. Mtntfor
Oordon ud Abbott Kiln ud IBtk An. _____ ud Brotdmr
Union Bank of Canada
P.B.—If yoa an living Id a community not provided with Basking facilities addreaa na by mall, and we will he glad to guide you In reapeet to "Banking by Mail." klDAY Maroh 31    1923
Expression Plates
Extraction of Teeth,
Gall and let me examine your
teeth and advise you. I will
give you an estimate on the
cost of putting them in proper
Bridgework and Crowns
Gold, Porcelain and Alloy Fillings, Half Price.
Hy work is thorough—I give 15-year written guarantee
Dr. Brett Anderson
Comer Seymour
Phone, Seymour 3331
Office Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
The Balance of the Ruhr Occupation
Vancouver Unions
1 Council—*Preaident,' R. H. Neelanda, 11.
, A.; general aeoretary, Percy B. Bengongh,
Ace: 308, 319 Pender St, Weat. Pbone Sey.
.6. Meeta In Labor Hall at B p.m. on
- flrat and third Tueadaya ln month.
J Meeta second Monday In tbe montb. President, J. B. White; aeoretary, B. H. Neel-
P. 0. Bot 66.	
second Thursday every month, 819 Pender
treet   West.      President,   J.   Brightweoll;
nanoial   aeoretary,   H.   A.   Bowron,   2819
nrna Street.     
AL Union of  America—Local   130,   Van-
raver, B. 0., meets aeoond and foarth Tuea-
i in oaoh month in Room 818—819 Pen-
Street Weat.    President, 0. E. Herrott,
Haatinga  Street East;  aeeretary,  A. B.
820 Gamble Street.    Shop phone, Sey.
 Residence phone, Dong. 2171R.
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
of America, Looal 194—Meetings flrat
._. third Mondaya In each month. Preal-
unt, P. Willis; seoretary, A. Fraaer. Offlee:
bom 808—319 Pender Street Weat.    Offlce
i.nr*   a to ii a.m. and 8 to 5 pjn. ._
bricklayers or maaona for bollor worka,
....  or marble setters,  phone  Brieklayera'
[nlon, Laber Temple.	
TERS and Jolnera, Local 452—Preaident.
m. Dunn; recording secretary, Oeo. Snell;
slneaa agent, Geo. H. Hardy. Offloe:
oom 304—319 Fender Street West Meeta
>eond and fourth Mondays, 8 p.m., Boom 6,
Pender Street Weat.	
_d third Fridays in eaoh month, at 148 Oor-
Eva Street West. President, David Outhill,
Jl52 Albert Street; seeretary treasurer, Oeo,
Ikrriaon^ 138S Woodland Drive.
Steam and Operating, Local 844—Moota
jery Thuraday at 8 p.m., Room 307 Labor
l>mplo, Soeretarytreasurer, N. Green, 913
tL"tby Stroet. Phone Soy. 7048B. Reoord-
„   eecretary,   J,   R,   Campbell,   303   First
reet, North Vanconver.	
dova   Stroot   West Educational   moot-
ovory Sunday ovoning, B o'clock. Busi-
- mootings every Wodnesday evening. A.
.aelnnia, chairman; E. H, Morrison, sec-
oas.; George D. Harrison, 1335 Woodland
rive, Vancouver. B. O, corresponding eec-
liresidont. Noll MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
l-.r-.--f, n   A. Watson. No. 3 Firehall.
"Li the Flavor Sealing Tin"
One dollar and fifty cents Is the cost
for a six months' subscription to The
lOTEL    AND    RESTAURANT    Employeea
1 Union,    Local   28—141   Soymour   Street.
loots   Ilrst and third  Wednesdays  at 2:30
Socond   and    fourth   Wednesdays   nt
.   p.m.     Exocutive   board   moots   ovory
■Kilay at 3 p.m.   Prosldent, W. A. Colmar-
sinoHi. agent, A. Graham.    Pbone Soymour
OF CANADA—Au industrinl union of all
orkers In logging and construction cumps.
mitt District and General Headquarters, 61
irdova Stroet Wost, Vancouvor, B. 0.
anno Seymour 78515. J. M. Cinrko. goneral
crot nry-treasurer; legal nd visors, Messrs.
Macdonald & Co., Vancouver, B, 0.;
(ilit'irs.   Messrs. lluttar & Chlouo, Vancou-
, n. c.
(VCHINISTS LOCAL 182—President, Lee
George; secretnry, J. G. Koufo; business
Jflit, P. lt. Bengongh. Offico: 009, 319
ludi-r Street West, Meots in Hoom 313—
Itt Ponder Street West, on first and third
Bursdnya lu month.	
^HrNISTS LOOAL 002—President, Ed.
Dnwson; aocrotary, R. Hirst; businoss
fnt, P. R. Bengough. Office: 309—319
mder Stroet West. Moots in Room 8—
J9 Pender Street West, on second and 4th
tggdayg in month,
IUNION, Local 14S, A. F. of M.—Moots at
lose Hall, Homor Stroet, second Sunday,
10 a.m. Prosidont, Ernest C. Millor, 991
Ison Street; socrotary, Edward Jamieson,
I Nelson Stroet; financial secrotary, W. E.
Illains, 991 Nolson Stroet; ovganlner, F.
,tcber, 991 Nolson Stroet.	
^HV-OJ*.*-- and Paperhangers of America, Local
, Vancouver—Meots 2nd and 4th Thurs-
- at 148 Cordova Stroot West.    Phone,
. 8510,    HusinetiN agont, R. A. Baker.
bock Bulldors, Local No. 2404—Meets In
fior Hall,  319 Pender Stroet Wost evory
I and 4th Fridny, nt 8 p.m.    *"   m	
, ftnancial aacrelary.
Jns. Thomp*
At tlio Orpheum
Henry B. Walthall, who has retained to the speaking stage, and ls to
appear at the Orpheum theatre next
week In "The Unknown," has a novel
way of desriblng his sensations before
an animated audience, after having
played In motion pictures bo many
"The first afternoon I opened in
this playlet," he Bays, "I felt as lf
some one had rammed a big ball of
knitting wool into the middle of my
vocal cords, and that a couple of lively kittens had played with it until it
waa all tangled up, and I had to force
the words to come through the yarn.
Now I am used to the sound of my
voice over tho footlights, nnd the
strange sensation has loft. But nt first
it was like someone trying to talk who
could not. It didn't effect mo that way
in rehearsal; It was after I got out
before a big audience and they received me well."
It seems no matter what Henry B,
Walthall ever does ho will always be
Identified with his Ilrst great motion
picture success, the role of the Little
Colonel fn "The Birth of a Nntion."
He gained world-wide renown by hla
characterization, as the leader of the
Ku Klux Klan, and what a flne, dashing figure he was? He wns chosen by
D, W, Griffith, not only becnuse he
looked the pnrt to perfection, but because be is a Southerner nnd understands the traditions of the people of
the south thoroughly.
Mr. Walthall's lovable chnractr In
"The Birth of a Nation," however, was
only one of a series of notable creations. He wns one of the flrst to leave
the legitimate stage to take up work
before tho camera, He spent several
omnths as one o fthe leading players
of the Blograph Company, which was
the flrst to use the films to tell a story
all efforts previous to this innovation
being confined to simply taking pictures of moving objects, such as trains
at full speed, waves rolling In on the
shore nnd babies making faces in high
In hia roturn to the speaking stage,
whieh marks his debut In vaudeville,
Mr. Walthall Is "coming back" forti
fled by years of hard work and Invalu
able exporienee. He has a tense drn
matlc playlet, which was written for
him by Miss Ethel Clifton. He enacts
a dual role.
Jordova Stroot West, P. 0, Box 571. Phone
, 8703.    Meetings every Monday nt 7:80
P. Kouknday, business agent.	
D,—Meeting nights, first Tueaday nnd Srd
mnv of each montb at hendqunrters, 318
kdova Streot West.    Presidont, D. Gllles-
l; vice-president, John Johnson; secrotary*
asuror, Win. Donaldson, address 318 Oor
ta Street Woat.    Branch agent's address:
n. Francis, 1424 Governmont Street, Vie-
ta, B. 0. 
ilnyoea, Plonoer Division, No. 101—Moets
P. Hall, Eighth and Klngawny,   1st nnd
Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m.    Pro*
lent,   P.  A.   Hoover,   2409  Clarko  Drivo;
lording secretary, A. V. Lofting; treasurer,
F. Andrew; financinl Becrotary and busi-
ngent, W. H. Cottrell, 186—17th Avo.
Ist.   Offico, corner Prior and Main Streets.
ione, Fairmont 4504Y.	
^America, Local No. 178—Meetings hold
it Monday in each month, 8 p.m. Presl-
A. R. Gntonby; vlco-prosldont, Mrs.
■Ik: recording secretary, 0. MoDonald, P.
Box 503; flnanclal secrotary, P. McNeish,
0. Box 503.
[By Kero, Paris] ■"
tho Ruhr. Mobilization, state of
siege, retention.of hostages and military occupation—ls this not war, economic war pending the attack of our
artillery and the massacres of work-
era predicted by Jacques Bainville?
Hold Ont
"We Bhall not mobilize a single soldier nor a single railwayman," M.
Poincare assured us magnificently. But
by January 24, 3750 railwaymen had
already been called up by the military
authorities, put Into sky blue uniforms,
and sent off to the Ruhr area—although lt may well be asked what
they are going to do there, considering that they neither understand the
language of the country, nor are familiar with the signalling arrangements
or working regulations of the German
Is tt really still a question of finding
a solution for the reparations question ? It Is scarcely possible to believe
it, for at the present time (precisely
as during the whole of the war for
"right") nothing else is spoken of except holding out to the last moment.
"It is a question of life and death!"
declares the royalist Action Francalse,
under the thick type headline: "Berlin threatens the Ruhr magnates who
want to deliver coal to us with a
year's Imprisonment. Very well, let
us threaten them with the gallows, and
they will bend to our will!"
Our valiant generals are not letting
the heroic deeds of their German colleagues sink into oblivion, but are energetically confiscating private property, expelling inconvenient citizens
from the country and taking German
prisoners, or rather making German
martyrs, the future heroes of a new
But all theae acts of violence will
not collect a single sou for us, will not
even place us in a position to pay tho
miners and workers and to provide
them with food. But what does that
matter?   This ls characteristic of war.
And now fresh sanctions are announced. For If any successful pressure Is to be put upon Germany, either
the Ruhr area must be completely
separated from her, or the French
must march to Berlin. "And then,"
ao says Lucien Homier in the Journee
Industrielle, "an intelligent military
leader, provided with full powers of
authority, would be placed at the head
of the occupied territory, until a civil
administration has been organized, in
about a fortnight everything would be
in perfect order."
According to this we should have to
dismiss all Prussian officials, confiscate
the sources of supply of German finance, and create an independent administration ln the Ruhr valley, as in
the Saar area.
We ahall thus—ln a fortnight—
learn the valuo of this magnificent
political plan. But meanwhile we
must establish the plain fact, viewed
from an econpmlc and technical
standpoint, that the Ruhr occupation
has proved a miserable failure.
Whnt Docs a Military Adventure Cost
"The whole reparations question,
writes the Usine (the workshop) of
Janunry 20, "is here at stake. For If
we were to abandon our confiscation
of the coal pledges today, thc Germans
would simply refuse to pay anything
moro fn cash or kind, once the pressure of possible new sanctions ia removed."
Our heavy industry #equires 12,000
tons of Germnn coke per day. Supplies of Westphalia coal nnd coke have
meanwhile come to an almost completo standstill, so thnt tho Information Finahciere of January 20, already
raiaea thc cry of alarm: "We muat really ask what is to happen if the supplies continue to be, interrupted or insufficient for a few days longer. There
will be nothing left but to extinguish
the blast furnaces and to slow down
the rate of production."
Is this not a brilliant military victory, to be booked to the credit of the
national bloc? Up to now the Germans have been delivering coal and
coke absolutely gratis. Tho 13,864,000
tons demanded for 1922 were delivered to the extent of 11,710,365 tons.
And the French government was able
to sell this coal for the rund sum of
a milliard francs. But since our invasion of the Ruhr, the German government has ceased to pay, the collieries to deliver reparation coal.
In consequence of this, the French
iron works have to content themselves
with the supplies of expensive English
coke, and have to limit their operations considerably. Within three days
—from January 22 to 26—thirteen
blast furnaces in Lorraine atone had
to be extinguished, and tomorrow,
other blast furnaces will share the
same fate.
To this must be added another un
expected occurrence, which fills the
nationalist shouters with holy Indignation. The English collieries are being flooded with orders from the
French railways and the German cities, gas works and railways. It is further reported that the occupation of
the Ruhr has led to large orders for
cast Iron being given to England.
And finally, the American dollar and
the English pound are rising so rapidly in value that the supplying of
France with wheat, cotton and wool,
must soon, inevitably lead to an enormous increase of prices.
What will be the end of M. Foin-
care's glorious expedition? What will
be the consequences, in an industrial
area densely populated by four million
inhabitants, after a few days of unemployment and starvation?
Our narrow-minded and imbecile
chauvinists are delighted at the Idea
of casting Germany Into the abyss, aa
if "their" own country would not be
the first victim of such a catastrophe.
One of these days we shall have to
pay dearly, very dearly, for M. Poln-
care's attempt at violence and robbery
and it will not be long before we cease
to trouble ourselves as to what we are
going to do with the Ruhr district,
but will confine ourselves to the question of how we are going to get out
of the Ruhr with as Uttle damage to
ourselves as possible.
The Plans of Polish Imperialism
[By Antonov Ovseyenko, Moscow]   *
»T*HE FAILURE of the disarmament
*• conference In Moscow and the attitude adopted by our neighbors at
this conference, shows that they have
not the best Intentions towards us.
Among these countries Poland plays
flrst fiddle. Therefore the aims and
strivings of Poland"s ruling circles are
of special Importance for us.
Thanks to a happy accident, we are
In possession of a highly interesting
document, Informing us of the aims
of Polish Imperialism. This document ls a report by Dr. Dombrowski
"Poland in the Future War;" the
report was intended for a Cracow
newspaper, but was confiscated by the
Dombrowski is well known as a person closely associated with Pilsudakl.
There is no doubt that his report reflects the view of the Polish president,
and Is based on data supplied by the
Polish army staff. - He desired to publish the report in order to prepare
public opinion for the—In his opinion
Inevitable wars with Oermany and
Russia. But it seems that Dombrowski blabbed out the plans of the Belvedere aU to candidly, and the publication of his report waB prohibited at
the last nimnunl.
As a skilful spokesman of the Belvedere. Dombrowski naturally seeks to
obscure the Imperialist intentions of
the ruling clique of White Poland behind purely strategic considerations,
Russia and Qermany, he considers,
are of the opinion that "the creation
of the Polish state itself * * only
came about during the temporary
weakness of tho former two states.
Rusaia and Germany are impatiently
waiting for an opportunity to revise
the Polish question, and if they do not
intend annihilating Poland altogether,
at least they intend cutting it up into
very small sections.
Many hope, observes Dombrowski,
that "Russia, after the overthrow of
Bolshevism, will return to an anti-
German alliance with France, which
wouli much alter Poland's orientation.
Poland's policy docs not calculate
upon this. Dombrowski in a melancholy strain: "Even if we do not admit
that experience augurs a long period
of evolution for Bolshevism, still we
see no prospect among its successora
viet Russia—Vanconver branch moots first
Jl third Sundays each month, 2 p.m., at 61
Irdova Street West. For informntion writo
1 branch secretary. 8. T. A, S. R.. 61 Cor*
, Street West, Vancouvor, B. C.	
ident, Wm. Skinner; vice-president, A.
iker; secrotary-trunsuror, R. H, Neelands,
O. Hnx 66. Moots last Sunday ot each
ith at 2 p.m,
§87—Preaident, J. J. Rori.; vlce-prosldont.
Stewart:     Hfcrotnry* treasurer.   L.   C.
I[bert._P. O. Box 476. Nanalmo. B. O.
JJNION.   No.  413—President,   8. D. Mac-
laid,   secrntary-trensurcr.  .T.  M.  Campbell,
O. Bex 689.    Meets last Thursday of each
f Hand your neighbor this copy of
Vie Federatlonist, and then call
pjund next day for a subscription.
Foil- NlRhtg aad Threo Matlquoa
peraon) In "Tho Unknown"
AL-HEA LU0A3 and 00.
Percy Bronaon  and Winnie Baldwin
Man: ISo to SSo; Nights: 26c to 11
Twice Dally. 2:30 ud 1:90
Every Mon., Wed. and Sat. Evening,
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"A Good Plncc to Ent"
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
A MEETING of the members of the
■''■Lumber Workora Industrial Union
of Canada, who were working at the
camp of the Rivers Log Co. at Sointula, was held on March 21, and at
this meeting, the following demands
were pnssed and tnken to the management:
(1) That in walking to and from
work, one-half be done on the company's lime, und the other half on the
men's time.
(2) All wages to bo paid in cash al
least once each month, instead of by
cheque as at present, un snme members have had difficulty In getting
their cheques cashed ns soon as they
There were two olher demands of
a small und local nature.
The management informed the men
next morning Ihut thoy wore unable
tit give nny decision, because the president of tho compnny was in town.
The men refused to go to work unless allowed to walk to work on the
company's time. As thin request was
tiot complied with, a strike wuh called
until all demands woro grunted.
The management seeing that the
logs had (-topped going Into the wnter,
wirod to Vancouver to tho president
of the company, informing him of the
trouble, and asking Instructions. Tho
result was thnt lhe company decided
to grant the demands of Ihe men, and
the strike was Bottled that, sume night,
the men baving won u complete victory.
The above account of the trouble at
the camp of tbo Rivers Log Co., und
its quisle und favorable settlement is
ample proof, If Indeed nny proof Is required, of what can he done hy the
men working in the logging camp lf
tbey will combine iheir forces und go
nfter It.
This camp Is one of the best orgunized camps on the Coast, tbere being
two or three men working thero wbo
are not In tbe union, nnd efforts aro
now being mnde to see that lho camp
Is 100 per cent, union In tho noar
future. There Is no doubt but that lt
Is because of the fact thnt It was organized that these demands were
made, neither Is there any doubt but
that It Is because tlie company knew
.tbey had an organized body to deal
with thnt thoy compiled with tho demands so quickly.
To some the demands mny soem to
bo unimportant, but thut Is because of
the fact that tbey nre not there, and
cun not understand theso things are of
prime importance to tbe men who
work In tho camps. This successful
effort on the part of a group of men
to do something to improve their conditions of life Is of far greater value
than ions of empty talk. ' The class
struggle Is an ever present reality to
tho members of the working class, aud
this struggle can not he carried on—
ihe economic interests of lhe workers
cnn not be safeguarded by a mere
voicing of time-worn platitudes. No,
il requires definite concrote activity.
Au active struggle can not be waged, excopt the muss of the workers
be welded together tn an organizntion
huving an aggressive fighting policy
of uncompromising struggle agalnBt
that labor
-either from the left or the extreme
right—for an alliance with France.
As in Russia today, so also among tbe
emigrants the Germanophlle outlook
predominates. . . . France is blamed for all the misery which has fallen
upon Russia. Common hate and common hope of vengeance on the mutual
enemy—France—bring Germany and
Russia together. This renders a Franco-Polish alliance necessary.
This threatening danger, declares
Dombrowski, can only be removed by
the dissolution of one of the enemy
states. As regards Germany, this is
not very feasible, but the policy, tending to dissolve Russia into Its constituent parts ts In line "with the Inclinations both of the Entente governments and the United States. The dissolution of Russia into its component
ports is of vital interest to Poland,
and represents the main object of all
rational Polish politics."
With respect to the "defence" of
Poland, in the first place the corridor
is entirely unsulted to ward off attacks
from Germany and to secure the passage to the sea. For this reason, Poland must occupy East Prussia. Neither can she be contented with the German-Polish frontier. Poland Is entitled to claim the whole of the remainder of Polish Silesia (Polish). The
eastern frontier is equally disadvantageous. The Vilna area can only be
rendered secure by the occupation of
Kovno-Lithuania and White Russia. In
the East, only the Dnyepr or the Bug
can offer a fixed boundary. Dombrowski also complains that Poland's present standing army is inadequate; he
complains of the lack of a serious war
industry, and the lack of a sufficiently
developed railway system, especially
on the eastern frontier, etc.
Dombrowski, after considering several variants of a future war with
Russia and Germany, concludes with
the words that Russia "must be attacked, not only with military means,
but also with political." Under the
latter he indicates the separation of
the Ukraine and MWto Russia from
Russia. He regards a joint war of
Russia and Germany against Poland as
most probable. In this ense Poland
would bo supported by Franco. The
Polish army would then have to decide
to neglect the Russian front nt flrst, in
order to be able to first strike an energetic blow at the German front. The
first task Is tho occupation of East
Prussia and a powerful defonse of SI- j
lesia. !
Dombrowski draws attention to tho |
Polish-Roumanian alliance, but doos'
not expect much from it. From lhe
Baltic states, Poland only demands
that thoy defend themselves agninst I
Russia with their own forces. Thero {
no  immediate  danger  threatening 1
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Poland on the southern frontier. But
Germany might attempt to striko a
blow at Poland from behind, through
Czecho-Sloyakia. Thereforo Poland
must win over Hungary, the more so,
as Poland, in case of the Danzig corridor being cut off, could be supplied
with the necessary war material
through Hungary. Thc winning over
of Hungary must run parallel with a
Hungarian- Roumanian ngreement.
The quotations bere given furnish
the plainest evidence of tho irreconcilable enemlty of Poland's ruling clnss
towards US'. They enable us to understand tho Import of tho intrigues wo
encounter with regard to Roumania,
Hungary, Caecho-Slovakia nnd lhe
Bal Ub statos. Tbey enlighten us regarding tbe brave deeds of Lithuania
ngninst Germany.    Belvedere has al-
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Science of Life"
Tho rosult of long research and much labor
delving Into ancient
Sanskrit writings, the
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With this book Disappointment,. In Love become things or the pnst.
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ready commeiuvd to execute tbo
and It Is for this purpose 1 plans drawn up, nnd has begun—If not
unions exist,    That some]With the possession of Kovno-*Llthua-
unlona do not flght, only proves that j ntu—at leust with a friendly alliance
the vast bulk of thoir membership do with Kovno-Lithuania nn alliance
not tieslre to strugglo, that they nro I bought by Polund at Germany's cx~
content lo accept what is handed to penso, and Involving Lithuania's grub
thom, or probably It mny he talk about
tha bounties or the coming workers
republic which thoy nro not helping
to bring into existence.
Our members nt .Sointula hav
an example for othor campa to foil
Who will bo next to tnko up the cudgels und flght for un improvement in
thoir conditions of life? Thero never
was a bettor opportunity thnn lho
present to carry on u Btruggle against
the lumber barons of Hritish Columbia, to forco them lo Improve our
everyday living conditions, nnd to
onrry on a concerted nnd merciless
flght ngainst the blacklisting Institution operated by the Loggers Association.
of the
Memol district.
Accidentally  Killed
Follow Worker Alexander Port kin
was accidentally killed on March 21.
by a falling tree at the .Inntes Logging Company, Camp 8, Cowichan
Lake, B. C.
Will any of tho men who wore
working at Headquarters, Vancouver
Island, last summer, please communl-
cute with tho socretary L.W.I.U., 61 | OT*J**
Cordova Streot west, as soon as ovor
New Zealand Workers Will
Hear Truth About
Brisbane. Australin — Because of
tho glaring misrepresentations of the
activities of the Lnbor govornmont of
Queensland being broadcasted in New
Sdealand by tho anti-Labor govornment there, tho Queensland government bus dispatched an official Labor
Speaker tr. New Zealand to tour that
country and. In a serlos of loclures to
tho people, to expose i lie misrepresentations of tbo Now Zealand govorn-
Vlncent McDonnoIl Is asked to
writo to Pat feomors, Anyox B. C,
Thero Is Important news for him from
This notion wsiii taken at the In
stance of tho New Zealand Labor
Party, which resents tho fnlse stories
spread by the Now Zealand anti-Labor government.
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45-49 Hastings St,, East
Seattle—While an ofllcer of the
army's spruce division, he was also an
official of lumbermen's organizations
helping to fix prices which the government should pay, Major E. G.
Griggs, president of the powerful St.
Paul & Taeoma Lumber Co., admitted
on the, stand here before the federal
trade commission. Griggs unwittingly
testified that he had acted In the dual
capacity of setting prices as a government agent, for products which he
aold to the government as a capitalist.
The special counsel for the commission Investigating the so-called Douglas Fir & Exploitation Co. hastily asked that the evidence be suppressed.
Ttae exploitation company is a timber
trust formed to control production and
prices of lumber on the Pacific Coast,
evidence submitted to the federal
trade commission in the last t»ix
months, shows.
Essen, Germany—The Essenor Ar-
belterzeltung has published a list of
street robberies by French troops In
Essen. During one Saturday night
alone 26 cases were noted, and the
names of the citizens who had been
robbed by armed soldiers were given.
These actions are increasing the people's anger and contempt for the
French, but nevertheless the workers
are maintaining discipline and are
carrying on a purely economic strug-
struggle Is the working class of the
gle. The central organization of the
Ruhr—the miners, tho railway men
and the metal workers.
Fresh Cot Flowers. Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquet**, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florets' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street Eut        2—STORES—2        SSS Granville Street
Sey. »8*--7_ "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 8513-I3K1
Demand this Label
I88UC0   BY
On your Overalls, Work Shirts, Mackinaws and
Pants, and help Local 160 to get a closed shop.
Friends  of  Soviet Russia
Urge Aid for Russian
Efforts Must Still Be Made
to Save the Victims
of Famine
[By F. S. R, Press Service]
New York—A new appeal has been
addressed to American labor by the
national ofllce of the Friends of Soviet
Russia. 201 West 13th Street, New
York, in bohalf of the homeless little
children of Russia. It Is in. the form
of an almost bare recital of the facts,
but one that is profoundly moving
because of the very absence of rhetoric.
'Open the Gate!" is the inscription
on the printed plea being sent out to
workers all over the country, A drawing shows the gate of a "Children's
Village," with several children asking
to be admitted.
"Seven hundred thousand children
like theso have no guardianship whatever.   They sleep where they can, and
Thousands Are Unemployed
While Thousands Work
Part Time
Textile and Metal Workers
Are Hardest Hit; by
[By Paul Hoyer]
('European Staff Correspondent)
Vienna, Austria—Austrian industry
ls almoBt at a standstill. The temporary boom which started Immediately
after the war, when foreign firms
placed orders because Austrian exchange was su ridiculously low, has
come to an end. Austrian prices havo,
generally speaking, reached world
market prices.
Result: In the textile industry, in
which tbere are 58,000 organized workers, unemployment has reached the
figure of 7500, while almost 20,000 are
working part time, from 24 to 40
hours per week.
A further result: The metal workers,
who last November, despite the num-
flght like wolves ln the forest for**^
scraps of refuse to keep themselves
alive. A million are in homes which
lack every necessity for the health
and happiness of the children. These
waifs are waiting for room in the
homes already overcrowded. Your
help will open the gates."
The Friends of Soviet Russia has
been asked to take care of 20,000 of
these children. That ts the share of
the work assigned to 'the American
workers In an international drive to
save Russia's new generation from
disease and death. As a beginning, the
organization has already opened the
John Reed Homos—Four buildings
in Samara, housing 480 children.
Eugene V. Debs Homes—A "Children's Village" of twelvo homes at Ka-
zen, housing 430 children.
Helen Keller Homes—For blind
children, In Samara, needing special
euipment for training the unfortunate
In addition, lt has contributed toward the care of thousands of others
In homes already established.
The appeal outlines the tragic story
of the famine and the Immensity of
the problem left in Its wake. It says
tn part:
'Thousands starved to death. Some
were driven even to cannibalsl^i and
corpse-eating. Disease followed hunger. The children were the heaviest
sufferers. They became separated
from their parents and guardians,
either by death or the confusion that
attended the trek of tho starving population ln search
Counts and
Likewise PRICE
German People Are Skeptical of Government
Berlin, Qermany—The papers are
filled these days with stories of how
prices are coming down as a result of
the government's having temporarily
"stabilized" the mark. Oddly enough,
however, tho government itself does
not seem to think that the artificial
support given to the mark will last
long. For, while lt is true that a number of commodities show a slight decrease after the appalling rise following the catastrophe of the mark In tho
latter part of January, it is equally
true that prices have gone up ln Institutions and undertakings controlled
by the government.
Thus, postage was doubled on
March 1. Freight rates on the state-
owned railways were Increased 100%
Feb, 15; passenger rotes 100% on
March 1. Fares on the municipally-
owned street railways of Berlin were
raised from 200 marks to 250 March
of better favored 11. The cost of electricity was raised
Hundreds were picked up from 276 marks to 300 per kilowatt
homeless every day, all available hour effective March 1.
buildings. Including even the oflices of The fact that governmental au-
the local governments and of the trade thorlties, both state and municipal, are
unions, were given up to shelter these raising prices while preaching a revl-
pltlful waifs. In the lists of these sion downward to private business,
children appears very often the family makes people somewhat skeptic as to
name, Neixviesth, (unknown.) the lasting efficacy  of the  move to
"Immediately  upon  taking  power,   stabilize the mark.
the   Soviet   government   made   child i 	
welfare Its primary concern. To that
end the palaces of the nobility and the
fine suburban summer homes of the
rich had been turned Into children's
villages for the benefit of tho poor city
slum children. These villages were
made thc scenes of Important educt*,-.
tlonal experiments, the beginning or _.
most ambitious programme of artistic
and Intellectual development.
"But this mere beginning could not
possibly accommodate the floodtide of
misery that swept over the land. Every
building with a roof on Its rafters was
pressed into service. No sooner would
a commune consider ltn child housing problem solved than n now horde
of helpless little ones would sweep ln,
crowding evory available shelter three
and four times boyond capacity.
Government food rations for loss
than four hundred thousand childron
had to be stretched to save two million
from starvation. Thero was no clothing to give them; they Blept on tho
bure flonr without bedding of any sort.
"So the appeal has gono forth to
the workers of the world, to all sympathizers of Soviet Russia, to all lovers of childhood everywhere: Save
Russia's childron."
Children's Brown Elk Sandals and Oxfords, with
heavy flexible sole. These shoes can be &•_% QC
repaired.   Sizes 5 to 7-&  $-_eOD
Sizes 8 to 10%, $2.ti5 Sizes 11 to 2, $2.05
Children's and Misses' Patent Slippers, with one
strap. *|   7(?
5 to 7% _ <P1 • I U
Sizes 8 to 10 H. 93.00 Sizes 11 to 2, $2.35
Boys' substantial all-solid Leather Boots. d»o AA
Sizes 1 to 5%, per pair  tJ>U«UU
Boys' Box Calf Dress Shoes. Good substantial wearers. Sizes ^O O C
1 to 5%  tpOeOD
LADIES* SHOES—A splendid showing of new spring
models in strap and Oxford effects.   We   ^C (__t\ \
have a large range at, pair  Vv*vv
A   MAN'S   SPECIAL—Good   looking   solid   leather,
Dress Shoes in brown nnd black.   Two    (fcC   Cft
lasts to choose from nt, per pair -tj)t_l«0\j ,
Pierre Paris
51 Hastings West
erlcal strength of their organization,
had to take a 12%% wage cut, have
had to take a furthor cut of 10% recently. The bosseB evon tried to enforce a 15 per cent, cut, hut the metal
workers threatened to go on a strike
of the entire metal industry, so that
tho government had to intervene and
bring about a compromise agreement.
Despite the wage cut, only about
one-fourth of the metal workers ls
permitted to work full time (48
hours); by far the largest number
works 24 to 45 hours. Over 40,000
metal workers have no work at all, of
these, 23,000 In Vienna alone.
So serious has the situation become
that a demonstration of the unemployed was Btaged recently, in which,
according to varying estimates by Vle-
nese newspapers, 1,300,000 workers
took part.
One bad effect of the precarious economic condition of Austria is the Increase of home work, especially by
women. These female home workers
are for the most part women of the
ruined and destitute middle classes,
who are not class conscious and who
have no conception of trade union organization. These home workers constitute a grave danger not only because they accept sweatshop wages,
but also because legislation for the
protection of the workers is undermined by them.
Employees of Government
Work Only 40 and 42
Houre Per Week
Sydney, N. S. W.—In New South
WiUes, Queensland and Western Australia! employees in the printing
trades work under a 44-hour week. In
Tasmania the hours are 44 for day
work and 42 for night work, ln Victoria, all operators work 42 hours,
while compositors and process engravers work 44 hours, but employees of
the state government printing works
are employed «40 and 42 hours per
week. In South Australia the hours
are 48 per week. A move is under
way to introduce uniformity in tho
hours worked in the different states.
The greatest assistance that the
readers of The FederatlonJst can render us at this time, Is by securing a
new subscriber. By doing so you
spread the news of the working clans
movement and assist us.
Australian Workers  Issue
Protest   Against
Sydney, N. S. W.—Thc second annual One Big Union convention, slttlnc
In Sydney, issued a protest against tho
Inculcation of jingo patriotism, the
worship of militarism, and tho teaching of religion in the stnte schools of
Australia (where lhe education Is supposed to be of ii secular nature). Thn
following motion bas been carried:
"That this convetnlon demands that
it Is incumbent upon the governments,
British "Gift" Is Not What
Australia Was Told It
Would Be
Sydney, N". S. W.—Three years ago,
lbe British government presented Australia with half a dozen submarines.
At the time the big business press filled Its columns with sickening admiration of the "motherland," presuming
to seo in the "gift" a further proof of
the existence of the "sacred ties of
The Lubor press, on the other hand,
wus under no misapprehension re
gardlng the reasons prompting tho so
called gift. It pointod out that, far
from being generous, Britain was simply getting rid of a lot of old rubbish
—a collection of junk that was neither
useful nor ornamental.
This opinion has now turned out to
be correct. The submarines, which
have cost the Australian taxpayers a
big sum for upkeep, are now officially
admitted to be worthless . The Australian fedoral government says that
they are obsolete and will have to be
scrapped, and sold for old Iron.
Carlisle, Ind.—Bert Frcdricks nnd
Dick Eddloman, shot fleers, employed
in tho Carlisle coal mine, were killed
in a dust explosion at the mine here
on March 19. This is the fourth explosion In which the men who shoot
the shots have lost their lives that has
occurred In the Indiana, central Held
this winter.
stale and federal, to abolish (ho poisonous patrlotlo and roligious dope of
the robber class, which Is at present
being InsUlled Into the minds of the
forking class children attending slate
government, .-ichools."
Are quite exceptional value
as you will readily admit
upon inspection.
Carefully selected fabrics
from Oreat B_itain,in a wide
assortment of choice color
ings and designs, are well-
tailored in all the newest
and smartest styles.
The Fabrics are good.
The Styles are good.
The Values are the best.
$21^ $25
Oor.  Homer and Hastings
§TOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
McClary's, Pawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.  Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
Upstairs at 653 ORANVILLE STREET
DICKETS, Infantile Paralysis, Weal-
Eyes, Ciubb-foet, are cured by
Osteopathy, Spinal Adjustments, Diet,
Hydro-Therapy, Massage, whieh ave
Sanipraetic methods.
Dr. W. Lee Holder
Seymour 8533
Pender West and Granville Sims
1800 farmers, of the South Fraser Valley working in co-operation offer you
as complete and perfect a dairy service
as can be found on the continent. We
produce your milk—we handle your
milk for distribution—we deliver it to
your door. If you want Milk (as sold
by all dairies in common), we offer it
—by the Quart or Pint. If you want
a richer milk—of higher Butter Fat
content we offer it in our Creamo—in
our Superior Milk. If you want milk
especially for Baby's use we offer it—
bottled at the farm. If you want
Cream—we offer it—for the Table—
for Whipping.
We offer our Milk on a One-
Profit Basis—the. Basic Price
for Milk as sold in common by
all Dairies being
Phone Fair. 1000 and arrange for the advantage—the Saving—of this Servioe tomorrow.
Fraser   Valley  Milk
Producers' Association


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