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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 6, 1919

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THE BRITISH COLUMBIA
OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOUVER TRADES AND h-_tk"COUNCIL, AND B. C FEDERATION OF LABOR
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH.
ELEVENTH YEAR.   No. 28
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. G, FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 6,1919
Rtlf
t
Strikes Are Still oa in a
Number of Camps for
Better Conditions
BE
General Meeting in July
to Discuss Matters of ■
Interest to Members
Th* camps In Prince Oeorge dt.
tolct are shut down owing to *
walk-out by the workers, who are
demanding an eight-hour day and
better camp conditions. Tho roports of the Inspectors ot the Pro-
■finclal Health Department who visited tbe camp* in the 0. T. P, diatrict, prove indisputably that ln
very (ew Instances was any at
tempt made to conform to the regulations, and ln many cases tbey
were flagrantly violated. The wonder ia that the camp worker did
not revolt long ago,
One of the camps engaged In the
Bull River drive report a successful attempt to raise the rate from
|5 to |6 wltb board. At a joint
meeting held on Sunday of the
workera ln Umpire Camps, 9 and 10,
and Hemlnlngaens, at Cowichan
Lake, a atrlke waa declared at the
two former camps.
Princeton situation Is still solid-
: ly In the bands of the strikers, who
have had tbelr ranks Increased by
about 200 men, at Oreenwood and
Midway, who previously worked on
the West Kootenay power line.
These men are also demanding the
eigbt-hour day and aame working
conditions as the railway construction gangs.
Mulin's drydock Job at Prince
Rupert Is closed until the men on
strike get the 66 centa an hour and
an eight-hour day which they are
demanding.
The Union men from Camps 1,
t, 3, ot the Comox Logging Railway Co., at Headquarters, Courtenay, are atlll on strike, and any person wbo is willing to work for thla
outfit until a satisfactory aettlement
cf the dispute haa been made, Is a
■cab and a traitor to the working
class. The men who ware brought
In from the States by tbe scab hiring employment agency, have been
aent back by tbe Immigration authorities. Hlck'a Employment Agency Is alao trying to get scabs locally. We have in tbe olllce contracts
they Issued to men who they hired
to go to Comox for thla outfit
Tb* lav ot til* land aays It la Illegal to boycott, ao all that men
with Unton principles can be adviaed to do la to patronise thoae
who are fair to organised labor.
The uninitiated, reading the foregoing atatement ot "Peace, Perfect
Peace," might   form   the   opinion
that the B. C. L. U, was a discordant factor In an otherwise harmonious Industrial condition.   This Is
not so.   It waa the damnable conditions wblch existed In the camps
and the big drop In wages which
tbe employen put Into operation,
with tb* many attempts to Introduce the ten-hour day, which compelled the camp workers to organ-
he, thla being accomplished he is
j now In a position to bargain to better advantage to himself than when
m he attempted to do ao aa an Iso*
I lated Individual.  The Union Is not
responsible for tbe strikes.   The
conditions are responsible for the
' existence of  tbe Union, and the
1 atrlkes are the active expression of
the dissatisfaction of the worker
I with hla working conditions, and
( their successful outcome is made
I pouible through united aetion of
{trbtch the Unloa ts the medium.
Cranbrook dlatrlct organisation
J la going ahead splendidly; the or
■ ganders there declare they will
I' have a bigger membership than the
| coaat district. They wired this
week for a thousand membership
|| cards.
The B. C. L. TT. Is now well over
| Ihe (060 mark, and, like Charlie's
I Aunt, stir running aa strongly aa
llever.
By the date of the general meet-
King the*membenhlp will be far paat
fthe 6006 mark. The affairs of thli
[large number cannot be efficiently
dealt with unless proper arrange-
K meats are made. Tbe Executive
[[Committee bave approved of the
{'proposal In general that all camps
Din which there are 60 union men
[(with paid-up cards, shall be entitled
(to send a delegate to meetings to
lbe held on July 1, 2, 3.
Campa with less than 50 men to
omblne and Jointly send a dele-
ate. The transportation to be
.lid by tha organisation of those
delegatea who attend all the meet-
lings. The campa to inatruot their
delegates aa to proposals to be considered. The delegatea committee
> discuss the suggestions and from
hem embody concrete proposals to
i submitted to the general meet-
lings to be held on July 7, 8, 9, at
whieh It la hoped that aa many
■embers ae possible will be present. The lint day'a meeting to
Ideal with and decide the question
[of wages; the aecond to deal with
J camp conditions, and the third day
ligeneral organization matters. The
I proposals of the committee to be
I printed and supplied to each mem-
I ber so that he will be able to clear-
I ly undentand and form an opinion
I upon each proposal before voting
ppon lt.
Suggestions for making the most
[{effective arrangements will newel*
Scorned, and members are asked to
1 put forward their general proposals
I as early aa possible, so that fullest
opportunity for consideration can
be given to them.
Selling It Ih Home Market Would Tend to
Reduce Prices
Thousands of pounds of foodstuffs stored for army purposes in
England and no longer needed are
to be sold to European countries,
ncording to a decision arrived at
recently by tbe war. .fr:
With thouaanda u~ ov l,***1?
verge of starvaf —a action
would seem ridiculous war* It not
for the fact that the British government does not believe In giving
away aomethlng for nothing,
The same thing Is happening In
the United States. Two and a halt
million pounds of foodstuffs consisting chiefly of beet and bacon,
Is to be shipped to Europe, In the
case of the United States, the government actually consulted with the
packers who recommended that the
goods be sent abroad. The recommendation was agreed to and these
millions ot pounds of foodstuffs will
be shipped to Europe in order that
the prices in the home market may
be kept up at the old price. No
other action could be taken In
either case, considering that goods,
under the present system of wealth
production, are produced for -proflt
and not for use.
**)*
POLITICAL UNITY: VICTORY
('avuSSr) fUP pER YEAR
The Issue Is CJiar—Collective Bargaining Challenged
The State, Through the Minister of Labor and Mr. Meig*
hen, Has Stepped in and Made a Local Strike
pec» \ a National Question
IN ACCORDANCE with the decision of the local unions of the city of Vancouver, who voted in a majority in favor of calling a general strike, in support of the Wnnipeg workers who have been on
strike for three weeks for the right of collective bargaining, the Central Strike Committee issued a
call for a general strike to take place on Tuesday morning at 11 o'clock. How well this call was responded to is now well known to the citizens.generally, aad there is no necessity of dealing with that side of
the question. Needless to say, however, it is much too good for the employers.
In order that there may be bo misunderstanding aa to thief road trades.   It is for these reasons .that organized labor haB
60,000 Electricians May Strlk*.
Springfield, 111.—Sixty thousand
electrical workere and 60,000 operators, membera of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Worken. will be affected by the strike
call, which becomes effective June
16 at 8 p.m. unless Postmaster-
general Burleson complies with the
demands of the organization,
IH PRICES 1
HI TO MY
issue, and the reason for organized labor in this oity taking the*
steps that have been taken, it is necessary to give a short history of the trouble that started in Winnipeg and is now rapidly
spreading throughout the Dominion.
Winnipeg has for many years been the home of the anti-labor
forces of this country. It is known in labor oiroles as the injunction oity. It has been the only place in the Dominion in whioh
the employers have taken out injunctions-against the workers'
taken up the flght of the Winnipeg workers.
Stripped of an camouflage, the situation shows the activities
of the.big interests in their endeavor to strip the worker of
what little liberty has been left to them. It is an attempt to
gay to the workers that they Bhall not organize along industrial lines, and to compel them to bargain as local craft unions,
and not as workers engaged in a common industry. The very
development of industry has made it necessary, nay, has mado
it compulsory, for the workers to adopt this method of collective bargaining.   It has been customary in this and evory
- _   . — ,.wv,., g   uaiBvui*),*).      **•   ,*u_   -_<-,.._   *-.«v*wt.j    m-   *,•.■_   _..._   _.*..,,
organizations.  It also is the home of the Dominion Steel and other country where organized labor exists.   Shall Canada be
There are 67 people in the Unitod
States, each of whom has admitted
te thc United Statos Commissioner
of Internal Bcvcnue that he has an
Income of more than two raillon dol-
lars a year. The total gross income
reported by these 67 persons was
♦829,848,112.
Civilisation needs a mode ef
thought whieh is free from the military aad moaerchial motives.
Business Men See No
Hope for Reduction in
Food Prices
Thero is no immediate prospect
for lower living costs, according to
Julius Rosenwald, head ef Sears,
Boebuek t Co. In a letter to Secretary of Labor Wilson, the Chicago
merchant says:
"It Is tty belief that the range ef
prices for the necessities of life will
average little, If aay, lower than at
the present time. Of' course, thero
will be some exceptions, but I do not
look for a sudden or violent reduction in the near future aside from
thoso which have been artificially
stin misted.
Thero exists a tremendous demand in our own country for all
kinds of commodities. This demand
will not diminish materially until
war-wrceked Europe re-establishes
herself on a peace-time production
basis,"     **
On the same subject Otto B.
Kahn, New Tork banker, writes to
Secretary of Labor Wilson his belief
that prices will not bo materially
lowered for a number of years, if at
all, and that for all practical purposes at least tbm war has brought
a new level of pricos, tho existence
of which must bo reeogniaed,
The Now Tork banker quotes
Prof. Irving Fisher of Tale university:
"Business men should face the
facts. To talk reverently of 1913-
191<1 prices is to speak a dead language today."
In April, 1019, the cost of 22 articles of food was 18 por eent. higher than in April, 1918, and 85 per
cent, higher than in April, 1913,
STRIKELETS.
Japanese workers were the flrst
to quit at the Rat Portage Lumber
Company's mill. The Japanese and
Chinese at practically all other
mills also walked off the Job.
Electrical Workers at a meeting
Thursday voted unanimously In favor of the demands of the Central
Strike Committee.
locals Nos. 617, 1777,1803, 1958,
1606 and 2647 of the Vancouver
woodworking crafts, at a Ng mass
meeting, endorsed the general
strike.
The Teamsters' and Chauffeurs'
Union haa the strike situation, as
regards Its membership, well In
hand.
Chinese and Japanese at the
False Creek Mill are all out. Two
white men are still working.
North Vancouver Shipyards are
completely tied up.
Delegates representing .15,000
Shipyard Laborera, ln convention
at Victoria, endorsed the general
atrlke,
Retail Clerks were Instructed by
the Strike Committee to remain at
work. Look for their card when
you go to make a purchase,
The Victoria Chop House on
Main St. ts a Union House. It was
left off the fair list of the strike
bulletin by an oversight.
Britishers went to the mat with
the Huns to aid Belgium. Vancouver and other trade unionists are
going to the mat wilb a plutocratic
government to aid Winnipeg workers,  What's the dlf.T
Bridge company and the' Vulcan Iron Works. The immediate
cause of the present trouble was the refusal of these firms to
meet the workers through the Metal Trades Council. A strike
of the workers in these industries was called. No settlement
could be arrived at owing to the refusal of the employers to
meet the workers' representatives. A general strike was then
called. This was not, however, the concern of the Vancouver
workers. And it was not until the state, through the Son.
Mr. Meighcn, and Senator Robertson, minister of labor in the
federal cabinet, stepped in, ahd laid it down as the policy of the
government that collective bargaining could only be recognized
when it was confined to the local unions, that the matter became
a national one and the business of all organized labor throughout the country. Not only did it then become thc business of
the workers of all parts of the Dominion, but it became a political question.. It became a question of the rights of the workera
to organize as they see fit and to carry on collective bargaining
through such organizations as are customary. It must be
recognized that his form of collective bargaining is not any new
feature of the organized labor movement. It has been the custom of the workers to meet the builders' exchanges through
the workers' central bodies, known as the Building Trade*
councils, and which by the way are chartered by the American Federation of Labor building trades department. The
workers have also carried on collective bargaining through
their metal trades oounoils, with the* Metal Trades Employers'
Association. They have also carried on negotiations, with the
railroad companies through the medium of the federated rail-
behind other oountrieg in freedom for the workers in eollec
tive bargaining? The minister of labor last year himself engaged in negotiations with the Vancouver-Victoria Metal Trades
councils. The government, under stress of war conditions, urged
that the employers should deal collectively with the workers,
(the war is, however, over. And the cloven hoof of the big
ihterests is now seen, and the domocracy so much preached
about is to be denied the workers of tbis country.
Will the workers of this oountry be willing, to have thcir last
vestage of freedom stripped from them? Winnipeg flrst, tljNS
rest of the cities in their turn, if the Winnipeg workers are defeated. Where is your interests, fellow worker? Shall it bc
aaid that the postal workers in Winnipeg, who showed their
loyalty to-their fellow workers, and who are, by the way, mainly returned men, be the sacrifice on the industrial field? Shall
they be sacrificed in order that the employing class of this
ebuntry can better deal with the rest of the workers? Not if
the workers of this land have red blood in their veins. Minister
of Labor Robertson has sent out the challenge. The issue is
the right of the workers to -collective bargaining through what*
ever organization they deem best suited to their needs. The
•ght is yours. It is the fight of everybody, irrespective of
whether they are members of organized) labor or not. It is a
flght for a liberty that has never been challenged before. Who
» Jo be the victor? It rests with the common people of this
etouhtry, and it will depend on the outcome of this tight, as to
#h*t will be the future of organized labor in Canada. Nay, it
will decide as to what amount of trouble aud turmoil there will
ht,in the near future.  The fight is yours, and must be won.
':-''*      ■  ' ■       ':.-■■       _, • ..       	
LP.
Mr. Tom Richardson of
British Labor Party
Speaks Sunday
The interpretation Af events ln
Britain by one so recently arrived
Richardson should prove Interesting to the worker* la Vancouver.
Richardson has come to Vaneoaver
to make hla home and has established himself ln South, Vancouver.
Por a number of years he hu represented Whitehaven (Cumberland)
In the British House of Commons,
and at the last election waa one of
those who wa* marked for strenuous opposition on account of hia
close affiliation with the Macdonald-
Snowden section of the I.L.P., who
through all the trying and testing
time of the great war were not
moved from their hue and who
stayed with their principles.
He Is still a member of the Durham Miners' union and a peraonal
friend and associate of "Bob"
Smillie. Aa a member of tbe Durham County Council he witnessed
some stirring lights on behalf of
the miners In that county. The laat
issue of the "Labor Leader' carries
an appreciation of his service* written by Mr. Philip Snowden. A
week ago the "Dally World*' pub-
lished a peraonal attack upou Richardson which was alleged to have
been sent from London.
Between the, commendation of
the "Labor Leader" and the personal attack In the "World" the workers of this city will have an Inkling
of just where to place Richardson
before he Is heard. From some
quarters every knock Is a boost.
B CHEAP OUTFIT
AND THEM
Question To Be Referred
to B. C. Federation
of Labor
Committee Appointed ti
Meet With Committee of Veterans
Lut night's Trades ud Laber
Council meeting wu naturally •
strike meeting. The delegates taking a delight In reporting tbat tbelr
organisations were out, and that
they had endorsed the action of
the Central Btrike Commltte* and
th* Trade* and Labor Council In
taking tbe stand op tbe collective
bargaining queatlon. - Delegate
Smith, Secretary of the Strike Committee, reported that there were 37
organisations on strike, the full details are publisbd ln another column. Delegate Kavanagh reported
that worker* that, had to thla data
not been organized had quit work
at the call of the atrike, and tbat
the employees of the Ross 4 Howard Company bad quit and notified
the employers to thla effect, the
firm replying that they could not
aee how they could hav* don* otherwise under the conditions, and
that their positions would be open
to them when th* strike wu over.
The Jltn*y
The operation of Jitneys oh the
Btreet* after tbe strike wu called
was raised by Delegate Wells, wbo
stated that the City Council through
the Mayor had Informed the Strlk*
Committee that It would be neutral,
but while there wu no definite
breach ot neutrality, yet a notlc*
of motion to rescind the Jitney By-
Law, which made It illegal for th*
jitneys to operate on th* strut*.
Stating that he wu not so much
concerned about the B. C. B. R.
monopoly u he wu about the neutrality of the city or provincial government, he moved the following
resolution:
"Whereu, the Mayor of thl*.city
baa stated tbat th* city hu states
that the city would remain neutral
In the present atrlke; and
Whereu, a notice of motion was
Cheap,  Spineless Slaves
Are Given Nice
Hard Jobs
Several   Items    of   Importance
came up tor discussion at the but mad* In the city counoll to rescind
Vancouver Strike Shows the
Terminal Workers Are Solid
Workers Have Not Struck for Higher Wages but Against
Attempt to Break Their Organizations—Typos
Appoint Censor for Daily Press
TUESDAY MORNING saw the start of the general strike in Vancouver. While there was naturally
some little confusion and uncertainty amongst the different unions, this was soon cleared up on
Wednesday, after the holiday was over, and the members of organized labor, irrespective of their
personal views, responded to the wish of the majority. The strike was not sought by organized labor in
this city, it was forced upon the workers by the action of the government when it declared through the
minister of labor, that the customary methods of collective bargaining was no longer to be recognized.
The press has made much of the attitude of the organizations*   Moved by R. P. Pettipiece and seconded by J. Bankin, and
who voted as organizations against the strike.   The workers, passed unanimously:
however, ean pride themselves on the fact that, in this, as ill    "That, for thc duration of the present strike, the president,
The markots of the world are now
glutted and we And the workers
starving. The Master Clus can
not hire them, because they can*
not aell their commodities which
had been produced previously. The
workers produce dour In abundance
and go hungry many of them, They
produce  shoes   and go   barefoot.
all other working class action, the members of organized labor
fell in line with the wish of the majority. Today there is a
imaminity displayed that is a credit to the working class movement, and which augurs well for the future of the working
class. True to their class interests, members of organized labor
in this city have struck, not for higher wages, not for redress
of any of their local troubles, but in defence of the right that
has been acknowledged, the right of collective bargaining
through whatever form of organization the workers deem best
suited to their needs.
ln spite of all the silly preparations on the part of tho military authorities, and which is causing a deal of amusement
amongst the ranks of the workers, there has been no disturbances, and unless the opposition starts it there will be none.
With a well organized police force of their own, the workers
will not need sand bags on the armory, or machine gun cm*
placements, to keep them in order. They, however, will demand
that the ruling olass section of the community keep their own
laws and preserve the order which they so much talk about.
Exemptions in Certain Oases
Prior to the calling of the strike, the central committee decided that in order to prevent any undue suffering that it was
necessary that some organizations should stay at work. These
organizations were instructed to see that their members remained at work under the conditions that were laid down by
thc committee.   The organizations affected' were as follows:
Bakers and bakery salesmen, policemen, firemen, milk wagon
drivers, laundry workers, hotel and restaurant employees, ice
wagon drivers for delivery at hospitals only, ten memberB of
the cemetery staff for digging graves, six caretakers in thc
water department and all theatre employees.
On Tuesday afternoon the committee also decided that, in
view of thc instructions to operate theatres, restaurants and
hospitals, the electrical operators be instructed to remain at
work for the time being.
The gas workers were also instructed to remain at work, to
furnish gas for the use of hospitals and those places that are
using it it the production of foodstuffs. Any industrial concern
tuking advantage of this condition will cause the strike committee to reconsider this decision.
Typos Show Their Sympathy
On Tuesday evening the Typographical Union met to consider what action this organization would lake, thc vote in favor
of joining th* strike was 71 and 55 against. This was not
enough of a majority to give the necessary three-fourths voto
for a strike, so the following resolution was then passed;
regular   meeting   ot   Local
Brotherhood of Carpentera.
Notice of motion wu given that
the local donate 12000 towarda the
fund to establish a daily labor
paper, and thl* Will be dealt with
at a special meeting.
It wu recommended to the District Council that they take some ac
tlon In regard to organising the
•■■'•| the by-law which makes the operation ot the Jitneys on the strut*
Illegal; and
"Whereu, the Strut and Eleo-
trlc Railway employees (ra oa
strike with the rest ot the worktn
In tbe city; and
"Whereu, the atrike ot tke Street
ud Electrio Railway employeu
wu not called for the ptu-pon of
shinglers, several having Intimated /building up a Jitney service;
thoir Intention to join up. I     Therefore bo It rosolved, that in
Five new members wore Initiated  the event of tbe by-law relating to
Who shall give his entire time to the work, and a representative
in each of the three newspaper offices, be named by No. 226, to
unsure the publication of the strikers' views, and that deliberate misrepresentation be prevented, under penalty of cessation
of work. Aud that thc newspapers be compelled lo publish
reports submitted by unions."
' While the street and electric railway employees did not cease
work at midnight on Tuesday, they by an overwhelming vote
on Wednesday night decided to cessc work and to join in the
protest against tho autocracy of the employers who have said
that collective bargaining should not be carried on through
their central and industrial councils.
Metal Trades Council Calls Strike
Wednesday evening the Metal Trades Council held its regular nieeting, and the following resolution was presented, and
adopted without a dissenting voice:
"That, whereas a strike in the city of Winnipeg, Manitoba,
■was precipitated by thc refusal of certain firms to negotiate
%lth thc duly elected representatives of the metel trades workers; and
. ."Whereas, the hostility of these firms to any form of organization of the workers has covered a long period of years; and
"Whereas, thc workers of Winnipeg (including thc postal
workers) by an almost unanimous vote (knowing full well thc
conditions pertaining in these particular firms) came out in support of these metal trades workers; and
"Whereas, Senator Bobertson (representing the government)
has gone on record (by press reports) as opposed to collective
bargaining, as desired by the Winnipeg workers in thc metal
trades; and
"Whereas, it is evident that Senator Bobertson misunderstood
or did not sufficiently and clearly interpret thc meaning of collective bargaining (as he had personally engaged in Vancouver), and by so doing had caused the omployccs in thc. post-
office department, of Winnipeg to remain away from thcir employment, thereby aggravating the situation;
"Be is resolved, That this Metal Trades Council recommend
to its affiliated membership that (hey declare a cessation of
employment of their members until the government withdraw
their opposition to collective bargaining, as cited in the following definition:
(Definition of Collective Bargaining)
"That the, workors of any trade, craft, industry, profession or
calling, having proved that they have organized thc workers
in that particular trade, craft, industry, profession or calling
as thoy deem fit, to the extent of majority of those so cm-
(Continucu* on page t)
during the meeting.
The  following letter which
plains Itself, was read to the meeting, and It was moved that same be
put in the Fed:
Dear Sir and Brother:
I am taking the liberty to write a
few words in reference to tbe so
called Khaki Union. It seems to
me that they are a bunch of organised wage cutters. One of these
gentlemen told a friend of mine he
had got a contract to build a garage
20x20 for 110.00. Now I am no carpenter myself, but how In hell can
he make wages at that price. I
fall to undentand just what kind
of a mechanic he Is. I am not certain, but judging from his kit of
tools he would do better bucking
lumber for a humming bird's nest.
Now Mr, Secretary, I would suggest
that their name be changed from
Khaki Union to Scab Union.
It is not so very long ago tbat
thla same bunch tried their dam
dest to scab on the longshoremen.
They went down to a boat called
th* Amur but the seamen refused
to drive winches for them, and not
being satisfied at that they went up
town and got some scab or other to
run the wlnchu, but on returning
to start work the firemen cut the
steam off so they lost out.
I think if they were advertised a
little in the Federationist It would
do them a little good. Of course a
scab is a very funny animal and it
takes quite a bamerlng sometimes
to make any Impression. This
man's name in reference Is Burns.
It's a wonder Bobby doesn't put his
foot out of tbe clouds and kick his
brains out, but that may be impossible. It Is doubtful If he has any.
Trusting you will excuse this scribble.  I remain.
Yours truly,
A Union longshoreman.
P.S.—I was just going to mall this
when 1 heard this same man say
that he had been working throe
woeks and all he made was thirty
dollars. Now that Is some wages
Isn't It? Fancy working throe
weeks for the bnme man for thirty
dollars, and then taking a contract
to build a garage 0x20 for ton dollars. Oh that Khaki Union, some
outfit. Just Imagine four and a half
years of war for Democracy. It
sounds more like scabbing.
But we should worry.
Engineers' Local, 620.
The vote on the question of a
sympathetic strike carried by a
majority of over three to one by
tbe membership of the Steam nnd
Operating Kngineers' local 020.
The Central Strike Committee for
Vancouver has ruled that any member ot organizations working outside a five-mile radius of Vancouver could remain at work, If tbey
so desired, until notified otherwise.
Members of Local 620 are requested to note and act accordingly. The
postponed meeting of the Iocs) will
be htld In Room 306 of th* Labor
Temple at 7.90 p.m. Saturday. All
members are requested to attend.
The capitalists complain thst thc
workers -do not have tho propor respect for private property. Should
thcyt Thoy havo nover hsd any to
practice on.
Fresh speech is tho life breath of
democracy.
jitneys being rescinded, that thla
Council call on the executive of tb*
British Columbia Federation of Labor to take such action aa It may
deem necessary to prevent any interference by municipalities, or tbe
provincial government"
Delegate Smith Bald the Mayor
had met the Strike Committee and
hod stated that he wu neutral,
and that the action taken at lho
Council did not appear to show
that neutrality. He alao stated
that if those that wished to know
the strength of Ihe movement
which wu being directed by the
Strike Committoe, if they made oa
unlawful act a lawful one u waa
proposed, that tbey would soon
learn the strength of the itrik*
movement.
A number of wires were read
from different points, One from
Premier Borden In answer to on*
from the council, atatlng that th*
matter of regulation of the hour*
of labor was a provincial matter.
Othera dealing with the strlk* situation In different parts of the county*
Delogate Kavanagh stated that a
member of the Civic Employ***
union had phoned up to the later
hall and had stated to him, that b*
had been Informed by someone on
the phone, that the civic employee*
had to stay at work until told to
come out. He stated that ha wa*
not prepared to eay who was tk*
party that had given this bim"'
from the Temple, but the fact (
it.had been given, emphasised H
necessity of the council having!
own private Phone. Th* longshoremen reported that tbe Insido stuff
of the Postal wnrkers had unloaded
the mall from tlio Makura and
scabbed on tlio longshoremen who
were on strike. The hotel and re*.
taurant employoes asked for the
support of organized labor In th*
matter of the unfair White Lunches
and the Couver Lunch.
Tha Armoury Defences
Delegate Wells reported that
sand bags were placed on tlie parapets of the armoury, and suggested
that the council take a photo of th*
novelty as a memento of the stdlk*.
He suggested that the photo ralght
be Interesting to future generation*
as to the democracy that prevailed
undor capitalism. Another delegate
reported that 280 cases of machine
gun ammunition had been unloaded
here from Victoria. The council
took tlie whole matted as a joke,
Tbe loggers reported thot they
had now seven thousand members
and would have ten In the near future.
TO MEET VETERAN8.
To Meet Veterans.
A communication wm received
from the parliamentary committee
of tbo Veterans' organisations, uklng tho Council to appoint six delegates from tho Council to meet the
Veterans nest Tuesday. The re-
quoet was granted, and the following delegatea appointed: Delegates
Youngash, Wolls, Hogg, Showlor,
Kavanagh, and llo Moyer.
Tho wage sohedulos of the Mill-
men and the City Hall Employee*
wore presontod to the Council, and
referred to the committee on wag*
scales, which reported favorably.
The Council endorsed tho Millmen'*
wage scale, but left the City HaU
Bmployees' schedule over until a*
(Continued on page 8) PAGE tWO
ELEVENTH YEAB, No.;.M
A Striking  '
Success
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I'S
DEA OF BY
Words and Actions Do
Not Coincide—Justice
Has Many Sides
Now that the peace treaty ia ba*
fore Germany, and the nature of it
is generally known, the words of the
so-called statesmen of the world on
the war, -and what it was for are
extremely interesting. How President Wilson can square himself with
the peoplo of the United States being a party to tho peace treaty, and
having uttered the following in an
address to Congress on Dec. 27,1918,
it is hard to see. Tho president of
that great and. free, democracy to
the south of us, in his address said:
"I bolieve that it is necessary to
say plainly whut we here at the seat
of action consider the war to be for,
and what part wo mean to play in
the settlement of its searching issues. We ere the spokesmen of the
American people, and they have a
right to know whethor their purpose
is ours.   .   .   .
'' I believe I speak for them when
I say two things: First, thut thiB intolerable thing of whieh the mastera
of Germany have shown us the ugly
fact, this menace of- combined in*
trigue and force which we now see
so clearly as the German power, A
Thing without conscience or honor
or capacity for covenanted peace,
mnst be- crushed and, if it bo not
utterly brought to an end, at least
shut out -from, the friendly inter
course of .the nations; and, second,
that when this Thing and itB power
are indeed defeated and the time
comes that wo ean discuss peace—
when the German people have
spokesmen whose word we can believe and when thoae spokesmen are
ready in the name of their people to
accept the common, judgment of the
nations aa to what shall henceforth
be the basis of law and of covenant
for the life of the world—wa shall
be willing and glad to pay the full
price for peace, and pay it ungrudgingly. We know what that price
will be. It will be full, impartial
justice—justice done at every point
snd to every nation that the final
settlement must affect, our enemies
as well as our friends.
"Tou ijftteh, with me, the voices
of humanity that are in the air.
They grow daily moro audible, more
articulate, more persuasive, and they
eome from the hearts of men everywhere. Thej insist that the war
shall not end in vindictive aetion of
any kind; that no nation or people
shall he robbed or punished because
tho irwspojiaible nlon of a single
country havo themselves dono deep
aad abominable wrong. It is this
thought that haa been expressed in
the formula, 'No anneacattons, no
contributions, no punitive indemnities.'
"Let it be said again that autocracy must first be shown the utter
futility of its elaims to power or
leadership in the modern world. But
when that has been done—as, God
willing, it assuredly will bc—we
must at last be free to do an unprecedented thing, and this is the time
to avow our purpose to do it. We
shall he freo to base peace on gen*
oroelty and justice, to the exclusion
of all selfish claims to advantage
on the part of the victors.
"Tho poople of Gormany are being told by the men whom they now
permit to deceive them and to act
as their mastors that they are fighting for the vory lifo and existonce
of their Empire, a war of desperate
self-defence againBt deliberate aggression, Nothing could be moro
grossly or wantonly false, and we
must seek by tho utmost openness
and candor as to our real aims to
convince them of its falseness. We
arc in fact fighting for their emancipation from fear, along with out
own—from the fear as well as from
the faot of unjust attack by neighbors or rivals or schemers after
world empire. No ono li threatening tho existence or the independence ot the peaceful enterprise of
tho Gorman Empire.
Tho wrongs, the very deep
wrongs, committed in this war will
havo to be righted. That of course.
But thoy cun uot be righted by tho
commission .of similar wrongs
against Germany and her allies. The
world will not permit the commission of similnr wrongs as a means
of reparation and settlement.
Statesmen must by this time have
learned that tho opinion of the
world is everywhere wide awake and
fully comprohends tho issues involved. No representative of any self-
governed nation will dare disregard
it by attempting any such covenants
of selfishness and compromise as
were filtered into at tho Congress
of Vienna. Tho thought of the plain
people here and everywhere throughout the world, the people who enjoy
un privilege und havo very simple
iHiil unsophisticated stnndards of
right and wrong, is thcitir ull government** must henceforth breathe if
they would live.   .   .   ,
"A supremo moment of history
has come. The oyes of the people
havo been opened and thoy see. The
hand of God is laid upon the nations.
He will show them favor, I devoutly
believe, only if they rise to tho clear
heights of His own justice and
mercy.''
The president's idea of mercy, as
expressed in tho peace treaty, must
suroly be interesting to tho slaves
of the United Statea ruling class.
Seek Shorter Hours
London, Englnnd.—At the annual
dolegato meeting of tho National
Union ot Journalists thc executive
committee was instructed to tnko a
ballot on tho quostion of affiliation
with tho printing nnd kindred trades
federation, and to offect an agreement if the ballot should authorize
such action. It wns pointed out that
what benefits they hnd gained in the
past bad boen on the back of the
Typographical society.
On tho subject of houra of labor
the following resolution was passed:
That if it be an Instruction to the
national oxecutive committeo immediately to tako action for securing
shorter hours for journalists on thc
following basis: A seven-hour day
for night work, nnd u 5Vi-day woek
of not more than 38% hours for dny
work and of not more than 83 hours
for night workers."
i -   ~-    *~" *  *
Mention the Federatlonist when
you. make a purchase at a storo.
THE BRITISH CO.
MBIA FEDERATIONIST   vanoouver, b. a
FEIDAY...
...Jan* 6, 191
Exposed At Last-Secret Diplo
****** *****¥-        ****** ******
matists And iYheir Fatal Fruit
m
i at the
[By E.  D.  Minet, in The
Leader]
The action of the Italians
Peace Conforence Bhould, prove to be
illuminating enlightenment to
the dullest understanding as to why
every peace overture betwoen December, 1916, and January, 1918,
was rejected by the Allied governments; why those of us who urged,
in tho name of humanity and of
political sagacity alike, that those
overtures should at least be
amined, wore called enemies of our
eountry by the country's real
enemies; why the war went on for
eighteen months beyond the point
when it might have been brought to
a eloso without:dishonor to any belligerent,
The AlKed governments would not
negotiate, anu would not permit tho
people's representatives to moot, because the predatory aims they attributed to their foes—rightly or
wrongly—a conference, and, a conference alono, could have determined, by testing the respective
power of the peaco aad war phrties
in Germany and Austria ■—■*. they
themsolves not only entertained, but
were formally pledged to execute.
The Allied governments could not
meet their enemies in the gate bo-
cause a conference would have dis
closed to their own peoples, and.to
the world, the unbridgeable gulf be
tween their professions and.their intentions. .       .
The "Knockout Blow" for Imperial
Ends
The war was prolonged, despite
the German offer, of December* 101G,
despite the lead given by President
Wilson at tho same time, despite
the private efforts of the young
Austrian emperor and the public efforts of his government in April,
1017, despite the desperate endeavors of the first Russian revolutionary government throughout tho
spring, summer and autumn of that
year,- despite the Beichstag resolution of July, 1917, the Pope's ap.
peal of August, 1917, the second
Germon ovorture of August, 1917,
the Bolshovik government's offer of
November, 1917, and the American,
Austrian and German exchange of
views in January, 1918; not becauso
the Allied governments knew that
a reasonable peace was impossible
or unlikely, but because they '•w&o
pledged among themselves to i-HijWt:-
ialist ambitions which wore ftnfeA-
lizable unless their enemies cdtlld
be reduced to absolute impotence.1
To reduce them to that condition
—the "knockout" blow—not" ;ifti
order to ensure the "trium-ph'^f
right," but iu order to secuW-specific imperial ends, was the wWptt*
longed, millions of men hui"led,rt'o
violent death, accumulations of Unparalleled human misery for ufiftum-
bered hosts prepared, and, for Britain, seeds of national and iraiVeri.il
perils sown with prodigal and 'i&ik-
less hands,- ';■**''■•*
It is not those who foresaw li\itf_e
things and who would have savVd
the country and the world from
them, who have deserved ill - of
oither. President Wilson's initial
error, which he is making such magnificent attempts to redeem, lay in
his omission when, in the face of
groat provocation, he brought America into the war, to insist upon his
asBoeiates placing their cards upon
tho table, and shedding beforehand
policies and purposes incompatible
from their very nature with the nttitude he had persistently and repeatedly affirmed to be that' of
America towards the world conflagration.
Italy Only One of tho Sinners
Many hard things will bo said by
Englishmen of the Italian govern-
ment during the noxt few days.
Thoy would bo well advised in tho
national interest to look nearer
home. Giolitti and a few of his adherents apart, Italian statesmen
have, it Is true, added an occasional
stanza to the "holy war" chorus.
But substantially they have nover
concealed thcir aims. Hnd tbo objects they pursued boon confined to
completing the riBorgimonto, then
Austria offered thom all they Oould
reasonably demand in order to re*
Btrain them from joining tho Entonte, and, incidentally, from breaking faith with their treaty allies.
But united Italy, with a vista before it of fruitful—and how much
needed! — internal reconstruction,
turnod imperialistic almost from its
birth. Foiled by Abyssinia, by
Abyssinian passion for independence, scared away from co-operating with Britain in Egypt by French
throats, Italian imperialism found
vent but not satiety in the suddon
descent upon Tripoli, which, for
cynicism, is matchless in modern Imperialist annals.
Today they clniiu thoir pound of
flesh. Thoy even add to it. Fiume
was not in the bond. But Fiumo
is an item, Tho split is not over
Fiume per se. Flume la put in the
foreground of Presidont Wihj
pronouncement for obvious rent
It is the bond itself, tho wholo t)tin
which is at issue. That is wjjjftj*
must look nearer home rather .tl
wring our hands over Italian1'):
tumacy.   Tho evil wo havo to bi
ciie is here—not at Bome, nor yet
in Paris.
H tbey would not sink deeper into
the mire the people of this country
must clearly appreciate the injury
which haa been done to them, not
by the Italians, but by those whom
the people trusted and invested with
executive power. For it is these
same: men who either preside over
the national councils today, or who
aspire to be reinstated; and until
the. country gets rid of them for
ever, and the traditions they in:
heritor! nnd perpetuate in their persons, the country is helpless to protect itself from a repetition of the
treatment they have inflicted .upon
if
Let theSfl things, then, sink into
our hearts and minds: Moved by a
Worthy impulse, seeing beforo.(hem
only, the perpetration of a grave
wrong upon a small and unoffending
nation, the people of this country
flung thomsolves into a war of whose
complex origins thay had been permitted to know nothing,'the fact
that they had been secretly nnd for
many yeara involved in overtightening bonds to Franco and C/urist
Bussia, only revealed to thefti at the
moment whon the plains of. Europe
were already trembling 'neath the
march of embattled hosts.
Tho Secret Pledge of the Allies
(a) Within eight months of the
war breaking out thoy had been secretly pledged by the men who had
concealed the earlier transactions to
secure, for Czardom, as tho price of
its co-operation, the capital city and
the strategic approaches to it, of the
Turks, thuB reversing without national consultation the policy of half
a century, in the defence,of which
tens of thousands of British lives
and millions of tbe national treasure
had been expended.
■ (b) Thoy had ■ been Bocretly
pledged to the abandonment in favor
of the same Czardom of the last
shred of that remaining Persian independence which they had sworn
to safeguard.
(c) They had been secretly
pledged to assign to Italy, as the
priee of her co-oporation, vast territories of non-Italian speaking peoples within the confines of Austria-
Hungary, which entailed tho dismemberment of this state.
(d) They had been secretly
pledged to assign potentially to
Italy tho last remaining Independent stato in Africa, at the Court
of whose ruler they maintained a
diplomatic representative
(e) Within two yeara of the war
breaking out, additionally and with
equal secrecy, thoy had boen led to
acquiesce in the dismemberment of
the Turkish dominions in Asia.    .
(f) In secretly assigning to Roumania, as the price of her co-operation, great districts of Hungary,
peopled by races neither Roumanian
in speech nor in descent
Having secretly committed the life
and treasure of the nation to these
ends, conscripted its manhood and
distributed it on a dozen fields of
carnage for their realization, -those
Whom the nation trusted continued
to assure the people that they did
not seek to crush thoir enemies; to
disrupt or dismember Austria-Hungary; solemnly asseverated that the
political objects of the Allies were
neither imperialistic nor selfish, but
that the incessantly increasing demands for the youth of the country
wero ■ inspired only by the necessities of securing a just, reasonable
and honorablo peaco, undisfigured by
ignoble calculations, leaving behind
it no bittornesB and resentment,
breeding haunts for future conflicts;
ensuring respect for the rights of all
peoples small and great, and tho
final triumph of right over violence,
prido and misplaced ambition.
And, not content with this betrayal of a people *b trust, they loudly proclaimed their abhorence to the
Wilson policy, which was tho direct
antithesis of that to which they had
aecretly bound the nation.
Britain's Terrible Harvest
Today these same men, caught in
the meshes of their own falsehoods,
Prepare for the nation they have
fooled a moral Armageddon, Confronted with the contradictions between their professions and pledges
-and their acts—thoy writhe irapo-
tontly on while Europo starves and
totters into anarchy.
The fatal legacy of their deeds
alone it is that has kopt a longing
and famishing world from pence for
nearly half a year. That othors
share their responsibility it no concern of ours. Our reckoning is with
them. •
Ireland clamors in vain for justice; thoy keep her down with iron
hand. India and Egypt seetho with
unrest; they know no remedy but
forco.
They promote and prolong civil
war In Russia—serving what national purpose f To Persia they show
tho door. Presently the Near East
will bo ablaze from tho Lebanon to
tho Persian Gulf. Tho claims of
Japan upon China, whom thoy dragooned into the war, find thom unprepared.
Incapable of inspiring tho country they have misled to noble and
magnanimous   gesture,   which,   in-
ANOTHER AWED
If Yoa Are in favor of the O.B.U.
and you wish to render financial support to the committee in charge of the propaganda, and the taking of
the referendum vote, c#t out this coupon and mail it
with your donation to'thle Secretary of the Central
Committee, V. R. Midgley, Labor Temple, Vancouver,
B.C.
To the Seoretary of the Central Committee of the O. B. V,
Enclosed please find tne sum of $ as my
contribution towards the propaganda and expense in taking the referendum voto for thc 0. B. U. You need not.
send a receipt, and acknowledgment through The Federationist will be sufficient
(Signed) .'.	
Poland Shows Conception
of Liberty, etc., With
Aid of Ballots
Poland.—Our energetic young pro-.
tege among the new and frce(f) nations has apparently risen at such
a rate to, the conception of liberty,
democracy, self-determination, and
the rest, that it has already managed to make a notable record in
the matter of slaughtering quite a
large number of innocent and defenseless Jews. At Finale, on April
5, Polish soldiers surrounded the*
People's building, whbro a goneral
conferenco of co-operative societies
was discussing plans for the distribution of flour; ■ arrested all the
members, escorted them carefully
away, aftd shot-them—shot them all,
to tho .number of. ovor fifty,' and
picked up nn a^dilipnal bag of thirty
or forty on the way. These last
woro shot on sight, it scorns, without any particular1 formality." Later
in April, the Jewish quarter of a
town in tho government of Vilna
was destroyed und sevoral hundrod
Jews were killed; and on the 26th,
the Jewish quarter of Warsaw was
raided by the soldiery, nnd again
the casualties mounted into the hundreds. Tho Polish militnry authorities "explained" the Pinsk affair
as the result of an unfortunate mistake on the part of tho local commandant, who had thought that the
conference was a communist assembly. -The other massacres seem to
go as they lie, as our slang is,' except for the promise of the Polish
soldiors at Pinsk, reportod by tho
Manchester Guardian, that they
"would make things still hotter for
the Jews."
Tho Committee for Belief of Jewish War Sufferers, a most responsible
organization, was cabled by its
agents in Warsaw on May 25 that
"Pogroms took place recently in
Kalisch, Dombrowo, Ohmelnik, Pin-
chow, Sttfpnik, Wielun, Bust, aud
other parts of Poland ... on
March 12, Polish soldiers piorced
tho bodies of inoffensive children in
Dombrowo . . * . officers of the
Polish army shot nt a crowd. Shops
were invaded and robbed and many
persons . were injured. ... in
Kosnitx the Poles forced a Jew to
kneel down and kiss Polish ground
until exhausted .... On tho
plea that thoy are searching for
hidden weapons, Polish, gendarmes
invade respectable Jewish homes
and rob thom of all portable belongings. " The cablegram does not
scrapie to declare explicitly that
"The Polish authorities in small
towns are instigators of these pogroms." There seems no possible
doubt of the situation, and no doubt
about the propriety of holding the
Polish govornment responsible for it.
Meanwhile tho major representatives of liberty, domocracy, and self-
determination, assembled at Paris,
appear uninterested. Laying their
course strictly by the Hne of the
larger good, thoy .do not see their
way to offer their vigorous young
associate a word of caution lest its
mode of vindicating our great new
international principles might be
misunderstood or oven arouse somo
vague resentment,
A SONG OF SONGS
Democracy!   Democracy!
Thy flags are beating in the sky,
Thy drums are rattling through
the town,
And in my heart the utmost cry—
"Who bears tho cross shall wear
the crown!
"Who bears the cross shall fling
it  down!"
For he alone can set us free
Who bears a cross to liberty.
0 Banners wrestling in tho wind!
Yo glancing spears and tramping
feet!
Heroes and martyrs left behind,
But still the brave drums beat;
And still the wild red banners fly—
Challenge and curse and battle cry.
Comrades,  advance!   tho   dawn   is
nigh.
Fall it!   March ont
Democracy!   Democracy!
Thy lonely lovo!  Thy hope forlorn!
Thy   swords   are  naked  in   the
night,
Thy trumpets seek another morn.
And. in my heart n song of might
"Who bears the lantern brings
the light."
For he alone can Bet us free.
Who brings the lamp of liberty.
0 Phalanx, marching through tho
•mist!
To glancing spears that point the
track!
Ye flaming swords the stars havo
kisflTd!
Ye feet thnt ne'er turn bnckl
Onward!  I hear the bnttle cry;
Ho learns to live who dares to die.
Comrades, advance!   The   dawn   is
nigh.
Fall in!  Mnrch on!
Democracy I  Democracy!
Thy   patient   hand!     Thy   prosont
neod!
God of our sorrows, gaunt and
grey;
Flesh of our flesh and seed of seed!
With   lifted   swords   the   heroes
pray—
"Who dares the darkness  ilnds
thc day.
"God of our millions, set us free,
"For thou are soul of Liberty!"
0 Banners, passionate nnd bright!
Yo   wrestling   flags -that .nover
pause!
Yo drums that rattle through the
night!
Ye people of our Causo!
Onward! tho dawn is in the sky;
Life unto death—our bnttle cry;
Lovo makes it beautiful to die.
Fall int   March on!
—Chris MasBie in London Herald.
formed nnd conscious it would know-
how to mnke, their refusal to abate
a jot or tittle of their demands, in*
demnities, German colonies, in the
gulso of n mandate, Mesopotamia
and thoy rest, they are, to that extent, in pnrt responsible for the extremism of nationalist and capitalist
"France" and of Imperialist Italy.
Tho League of Nations is dying beneath our oyes, doomed, it would
seem, to death-in-birth. It is not
through these men that we con hope
to save it. Is it not time that the
country looked facts in the faoe and
realized whore it stands nnd whyf—
*5w Labor Loader. "•' "
"FROM MAKER TO WEARER"
The Greatest
Values in the City
—you'll find them at tho Fanou
And although wo "sell for less," every
garment  offered  in  our store  conforms
strictly to the Famous standard:
—unquestionable as to style,
—perfect satisfaction -as to fit.
—thoroughly reliable as to material and*'
workmanship.   .    * .,. <,
We offer tbe ssme lines of Suits.. Drams, Coats,'
etc., tot* less thsn others became our "Hakes .to
Wearer", methods— operating oar owa factory in
tho city—soiling on, a quick turnover—enable as
to carry* on our' imsirfess to our advantage .as.
well as your benefit. <
SEE OUftXiNES AM JUDGE, }-_
623 :
HASTINGS ST; W.
Nut OranviUe
Mr. Union Mnn, do you buy at a
union atore?
NODELAY
SHOE CO.
1047 Granville Street
Phone Say. 147a
Operators of the largeat Oood-
year SHOE BBPAIR plant la
•   the (Mty.
Union Shoe repairing. Bemember our guarantee, men'i
and women's Boles we guarantee for three months.        .
We don't cobble your shoes,
ire repair thcra,;
We'know how; we are shoemakers.
Let ui have yeur next repairs.
- No delay Shoe Co.
10*7 OBANTOLB
Union Shop, No. Ml
COWAN A BROOKHOUSE
FBDmiS,     FOIJJSHIKS.     f(|.
BEOTYTCBS   AMD   BOOKMMIM
Union OloLll. writ, lor prioM.  Wt
glva SATISFACTION
OLBLAHD- DIBBLE  ENOBAV**
nro COMPACT*
limited
PHOTO WOSAVIM
OOMUMIAl ABTISII
Ffceaa Oeyteeat 7109
Third noor, World Buildi-i, Vu-
oonror, I. 0.
Tho oaly Union  Shop In Vancouver
—TAKE—
KIRK'S
ad-rice and stock your OOAL
AT ONCE
Till Jane 1st
Lump (sacked) $10.15
Nut Coal $9.«5
KIRK'S   Celebrated   Double
Screened
NANAIMOWELLINOTOH
COAL
Is Alwaya Dependable .
Ask the woman who burns it.
Kirk&Co.
LIMITED
929 Main Street
Pheses Seymour 1441 and 486
Tou can depend on the
Hillcrest
Dairy
A. FISH, Prop.
to .umiak yoa Pure Milk,
Houaewivei ihould insist on
all delivery men showing
their union cards.
Ptoses: ley. mie-o. Sty. S14M>
0. A. LIU, _t.prt.tor
-TAXI-
SOFT DRINK PARLO]
oioAis. ore.
AMB tort
40* DUNBmmt BTOBR
Greateat Stock ef
Furniture
in Greater Vaneouvar
Replete In every detail
H*utingsFni_itBreCo.Iii
m
Stomach Troubles
Acute indigestion, chronic constipation are only fororunners of Oall
Stones, etc. Got Hepatol*, lt will
correct these and mnke life worth
living ($5.5(1 treatment).
Solo Manufacturer
MRS. OEO. 8. ALMAS
B24 4th Av., North, Saskatoon
ORPHEUM
^THEATRE1™
PLATING ORPHEUM 00-
OUIT VAUDEVILLE
Matinee
2.30
Evenings   1.30
—THE—
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CAFE
Tor Onion HU
IBS HABTINOS STBBBT WEST
Phene Seymour MS
THB BBS! PLACE TO BAT III
VAHOOUVEB - UNION OABD
CENTER4 HANNA, Iii
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 OEOBOIA STBEET
One Blook Weat of Courtketue
Uae of Modem Chapel aad
Funeral Parlors free to all
Patrons
Telephone Seymour 2428
Our advertisers support the Fe
erationlst. It is up to you to su;
port them.
Bicycles of Real Value-Tisdall's STANDARD
IN ASSEMBLING this Bicycle, quality has been our
first consideration. We therefore offer you an excep-
tionnlly strong wheel at a very moderate priee,
TISDALL'S UMITED
THE OOMPLETE SPORTING OOODS STORE
618 HASTINOS STBEET WEST omouL taim vaioouvsi
nasas Am -ubob oooiton,
Eleventh year, no. 23       eight pages
Bf gist ered la aeeordsnes witb the Copyright Aot.
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
VANCOUVER,,]?. C., FRIDAY'W)RNING, JUNE 6,1919
I   OB
\_z
orneiAL mini
YOUTH!
,fl* It may seem far-fetched at flrst to jay that Youth
is largely a matter of Teeth. But Science as well
as Experience supports the statement. Look at
the old gentlemen with the flne equipment of
teeth and you will flnd that he Is muoh older in
years than he looks, muoh healthier than much
younger people, much happier than most people
and has a much better chance of living longer
than much younger people. A famous doctor
says that "a man is as old as his arteries" and
it is well known that the hardening of arteries is
hastened by bad teeth and an ill-kept mouth. Ask
your doctor about this, To retain youth—not only
youthful appearance and youthful spirits, but
youthful arteries—keep the teeth whole and the
mouth wholesome.
Bee me regularly fer dental (leaning
and have decay rooted out aa soon as
lt appears, I will keep yeu young.
This is the best and the cheapest way.
ERICAN'S
OF I RUSSIAN
Phene Sey. UU
OBPOSITB
WOODWABD'S
PR. LOWE
Fine Dentistry
HASTINOS A ABBOTT
"Not Guilty"
'■ The policy of ear office is a flat contradiction ef the popular
ballot that none but the rich can afford to have their teeth kept
in condition.
Our prlcM aro ee law a, I, ponlblo for export work aad tbo nae of proper
nateritlo. Wo strictly adhere to this nle In order tbat ao penon mar say
tbat thoy cannot afford to keep tbeir teeth in propor shape.
ran nn to oohsdit os about a»t toon tbovble
Drs. Brett Anderson & Douglas
ft | o£s Open
Casselman       __&-jsL_,
HASTINOS ST. W., Oer. Seymou
thuta Somaoar 9111
EXAMINATIONS MADE ON PHONE APPOINTMENTS
Petrograd a City Without
Crime and Has No
Police
Safer Than Paris and Has
No Women on the
Streets
La Toilette's Magaiine for Hay
has the following letter, whieh waa
a personal communication, in its is*
sne. The letter throws considerable
light on the situation in Petrograd
today. The foreword by the editor
is sufficient to provo at least that
the writer is well known and to be
trusted.
The writer of this letter is a train
ed investigator, able, impartial and
trustworthy. I commend his statements to the confidence of our read-
ers.—Editor,
"Hagar" Shoes for Men
TO the man who has never worn "Hagar" Shoes we
* Mt sit }*q_a aas pint ||«> o% uoimuui na pu.}_.o
showing in this good Union-made Sho*.
We have all the wanted styles, from the most extreme narrow toe
to the mere conservative medium or wide toe lasts. The prices
nre moderate and we have an expert fitting aervice to aee that
yon are properly fitted
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Mt OBANVILLE STBEET
THE  PIONEER  OF  UNION  LABELS
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PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST APVERT18ERS
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
FOR ALL TRADES
Martin, Rnlajrson & Mather Ltd.
46 Hastings St W.      ::      Vancouver, B. C.
Only Once Does the Human Hand Ever
Touch a Loaf of SHELLY'S 4-X BREAD
AND that hand is thc hand that lifts the shaped dough
from the moulding machine to the pan in which it is
baked.  From the time the Hour is placed in the dough-
mixer machinery doea all the work, producing thousands of
loaves in the same timo it takes tke housewife to bake four.
Phone
rslnaeat M
Petrograd, March 27, 1919.
Dear Senator:
I have been several weeks in Petrograd. I have met Tchitcherin, Lit*
vinov and most of the important personages in the communist govern
ment of Petrograd.
Briefly, my opinion of tho Russinn situation is as follows: In Petrograd I presume the present communist government hafi a majority
of the working men obeying it but
probably less than half of tho total
population are members of tho communist party. However, my conclusions are based on conversation with
not only communists but also many
opponents of the communist government, members of the aristocracy,
business men and foreigners, and I
am persuaded tkat a largo majority
of the population of Petrograd if
given a choice between the present
government and the two alternatives, a counter revolution or foreign
intervention, would without hesitation take the present government.
Foreign intervention would unite
the population in opposition and
would tend to greatly omphasiae the
present nationalist spirit. Revolution would rosult in chaos.
There is nowhere a group of Bus*
sians in whom the people I have
talked with have confidence. Kol-
check, Denikin, Yudenvitch, Trepov,
the despicable hordes of Bussia eml-
gress who haunt the Orand hotel,
Stockholm, the Bocithans house, Hel-
singfors, the offices of the peace
commission ln Paris, and squabble
among themselves aa to how the Russian aituatios shall be solved; all
equally fail to find mnny supporters
in Petrograd. Those with whom I
have talked recognise that another
revolution, did it succeed in developing a strong government, would result in a white terror comparable
with that of Finland. In Finland
our consul hns a record of 12,500 executions in some fifty districts out
of something like 500 districts by
the whito guard. In Petrograd I
have been repeatedly assured that
the total red executions in Petrograd and Moscow and ether cities
was at a maximum 3,200.
It may seem somewhat inconsistent for the Russian bourgcoisio to
oppose Allied intervention and at
the aame time to give whole-hearted
support to tho present government.
They justify this attitude on tho
grounds that when the two great
problems of food and poace are solved the whole population can turn it*
self to assisting the present regime
in developing a stable efficient government. They point to tho numerous changes which have already
been introduced by the presont communist government, to the acknowledgment that mistakes have been
made, to the ease of securing intro.
duetion of constructive ideas under
the present regime. All these facts
have persuaded many of the thinking people with whom I have talked
to look to the present government
in possibly a somewhat modified
form as the salvation of Russia,
Situation la Bad
At present the situation is bad.
Russia is straining every nerve to
raise an army to oppose the enicrcl-
ing White Ouards. That the army
is efficient is demonstrated by the
present location of Soviet forces
who have contended with the Bussian Whit* Ouard supported by enormous sums of money, munitions
and even soldiers from the Allies.
Naturally transportation la ineflci
ent; it was horrible in the last year
of the Gear's regimo. Absolute separation from the rest of the world
combined with the chaotic condi
tions which Russia has passed
through since the 1917 rovolution,
plus the sabotage, which until reeently waa quite general among the
intelligent classes, including engineers, kas rssulted in a doorcase in
rolling stock. The transportation of
the enormous army which has been
raised limits the number of cars
which can be used for food. The
cutting off of Siberia, Finland, the
Baltic provinces, nnd until recently
the Ukraine, mado it necessary te
establish new lines of food transportation. Consequently there has
been groat suffering in Petrograd.
Of the population of a million 200,-
000 are reported by thc board of
health to be ill; 100,000 seriously
Ul in hospitals or at home, and another 100,000 with swollen limbs
still able to go to thc food kitchens.
Howover, the reports of people
dying in the streets are not true.
Whatever food exists is fairly well
distributed and there are food kitchens whore anyone can get a fairly
good dinner for 3.50 roubles.  For
AT I EMPRESS
Will Deal With the Question of the Day f rom
Socialists' Viewpoint
The Socialist Party platform will
bc occupied this week by Jaek Harrington, who requires no introduction to the working class of Vancouver. The vital questions* that eon-
front the working class today cannot be understood without at least
some knowledge of Socialism, and
it behooves everybody who works
for wages to* attend these lectures
aa often aa possible. Jack will very
likely deal with the events of the
day, and a very interesting evening
is assured. Tou must come early
te obtain admittance, for thebouee
will be filled early. Doors open at
7:30; choir at 8 p.m.
Questions; discussion.
BIG MASS METING
duo to the suspension of passenger
traffic and the retaking of Ukraine
where food ia plentiful. From 80 to
100 carloads of food havo arrived
in Petrograd each day since February 18.
money one ean still obtain many of
the luxuries of life. The children,
some 60,000 of whom have been provided with homes, are splendidly
taken eare of and except, for thc
absence of milk have little to complain of. In the public schools free
lunches ue given the children and
one sees ln Ae faces of the young*
r generation little of the suffering
rhieh some of the elder people bave
undergone aad are undergoing. Food1
-   -lUr    '
Some Sort of Recognition
Perhaps it is futilo to add thai
my solution of the Russian problem
is some sort of recognition of the
present govornment with the establishment of economic relations and
the sending of overy possible assist-
ance to the people, I havo ' been
treated in a wonderful manner by
the communist representatives,
though thoy know that I am no Socialist. They have the warmest affection for America, believe in Pres*
ident Wilson, and are certain that
we are coming to thcir assistance,
and tegethor with our engineers, our
food, our school teachers, and our
supplies they are going to -develop
in Russia a govornment whieh will
emphasizo thc rights of the common
people as no other government has.
I am convinced of tho necessity for
ub taking a step immediately to end
the suffering of this wonderful people that I would be willing to stake
all I have in converting every ninety out of every hundred American
business men whom I could take to
Petrograd for two weeks,
It is needless for me to tell you
that most of thc stories that have
come from Russian regarding atrocities, horrors, immorality, are manufactured in Viborg, Helsingfors or
Stockholm. Tho horrible massacres
planned for last November were first,
learned of in Petrograd from the
Helsingfors papers. That anybody
could oven for a moment believe in
the nationalisation of women seems
impossible to anyone in Petrograd.
Today Petrograd is an orderly city;
probably the only eity of the world
of its size without police. I was at
the opera the other night. While
there I was told there had been a
robbery the previous night in whioh
a man had lost 5,000 roublos, that
this was the first robbery in several weeks. I feci personally that
Petrograd is safor than Pans. At
night there are automobiles, sleighs
and people on tho streots at twelve
o'clock to a much greater extont
than was true in Paris when I was
there in January.
Most wonderful of all tho great
crowd of prostitutes has disappeared. I havo seen not a disreputable
woman since I. went to Petrograd
and foreigners who have been there
for the last three months report the
same. Tho policy of tho present government has resulted in eliminating
throughout Russia, I am told, this
horrible outgrowth of modern civil*
ieation.
Begging has decreased. I have
asked to be taken to the poorest
parts of the city to aee how the
people in the slums live and both
tbe communist and bourgeoisie have
held up their hands and said "but
you fall to understand thero aro no
such places." There is poverty but
it is scattered and exists among
those of the former poor or the form-
er rich who have been unablo to
adapt themselves to the conditions
which require everyone to -do something.
No More Executions
Terrorism has ended. For montha
there have been no executions I am
told and certainly peoplo go to the
theatre and church and out on the
streets much as they would in any
city of the world.
I am dragging this out much longer than I expected to and I want to
--     -     lln
IN CITY
Vigorous Speeches Made
to Vancouver Workers in Arena
Thunderous Applause Is
Given When Strike
Call Is Issued
add a few lfnea about the lituation
in HcUingfon, which soens to me to
be worie by far than that in Rue-
■ia. In Heliingfors we have an
American coniuT who has taken a
firm atand that the present govern*
ment is not representative and that
recognition should be postponed until a new government can be formed.
On the other hand representatives
of the food control, army officers,
etc., are persuading Mannorheim
that the United States government
is back of him and that we aa a
people are absolutely opposed to the
Socialists, of whom Mannerhcim has
eiccuted so many, and to the communist government across the boundary to the east. The English situation is the same. Port of the Englishmen are bringing pressure to
bear on General Yudenvitch with
the help of Bussians to invade Bussia or the Finns to do likewise. Another group of Englishmen oppose
this attitude and look favorably upon the Soviet government. All this
is happening at tho same time that
the new parliament is meeting, with
80 Socialists out of 200 members.
There is a power in Finland more
important than that of the foreign
office and the civil power, and that
is the military government of which
Mannerhcim is tho head.
The great mass meeting called by
the Vancouver Trados and Labor
Council, and held in the Arena on
Monday evening, was marked by
such a striking unanimity and whole-
heartednesi on the part of the thousands present as to dispel completely
any suspicion of lukewarmness on
the part of the Vancouver workers
in face of the national crisis into
which it was plainly seen that the
Winnipeg situation had resolved itself. The keenest interest was
shown in every detail of the proceedings, and there was not a single
word or othor sign of dissent from
any one present during the two hours
the meeting lasted. The speeches
were all of the most vigorous character, and were punctuated with
equally vigorous applause; and when,
at the close, the formal announcement was made by Socretary J. Q.
Smith that "the strike will be called
tomorrow morning at 11 o'clock,"
the thunder of handclapping and
joyous "hurrahs!" shook the building again and again. With such a
sentiment prevailing through the
fight, the speaker remarked that no
ono would havo any doubt as to
what the final outcome would bc.
A few minutes   after  8  o'clock
Comrade Smith stepped on the platform and at once divested himself
of his coat and sat down at the small
tublc in his shirt sleeves; ready for
action; this drew the first ripple of
applause.   Chairman Chas. Edwards.
(Machinists, Vancouver Local No. 1) J
ihcu briefly stated the object of the,
meeting, viz.: "To place before you
tbe-.exact truth, regardless of what
jou have read in the daily papers—
the jfacts as they really are."
o-Jfe Knight, of Edmonton, then
fcoolj. the boards and submitted tbat
£be{-Winnipeg matter waB a matter
between the wage-earners and the-
jutyepiment of Canada.   (Applause.)
Th%workers had stood together and
jfecQcj the situation as one man.   (Be-
fuiwpd applause.)   Every means had
beep - taken by the master-class to.
uftupitato trouble; as to the de-
fil**oil     intention     to     preserve
order," the speakor remarked: "We
realize the nature of such statements
a*5.,.that"   The workers were still
lacing the situation solidly and wore
ready to fight it  out to a finish.
"Tho Winnipeg workers are fighting
the strugglo for the wholo of the
workers Of Canada."    (Applause.)
Comrade Knight proceeded to refer to the "Horrible Oidgcon Bobertson,"  and  his  sending over  to
Sammy Oompers for assistance.   He
had lined up sido by side with the
master-class, and said to the postmen:   "Go to work, or you're out
of a job."   If others did not stand
shoulder to shoulder with tho postmen of Winnipeg, they were, traitors
to their class.   (Hear, hear!),    As
to the stand taken by the returned
soldior on the side "where ho belonged," the speaker said: "We've
been afraid of a bogey in the past,
but it has no terrors for us in the
future—the khaki man."  He called
on   his   hearers,   in   like   manner,
•imply to respond to their working
elass interests,   (Applause.)
J. Kavanagh was the next speaker,
and he mentioned that, at first, "We
in Vancouver did not consider it wns
our business.'' But then the government stepped in, in the person of
Gideon Bobertson, who had never
been elected for his position by the
workers of the country, but had been
picked out by the government He
went to Winnipeg "to speak his
master's voice" (Laughter) to the
only employees the government had
In this country. "Tne moment that
happened we knew it waB our business," the speaker continued; they
therefore sent a telegram of protest,
In reply to which the question was
raised as to whether the men's obli
gation   to  their  organisation
("MSD »J»W YEAR
unless they reported to their "superior officers" brought a merry
ripple of laughter; this waa repeated
when Comrade Smith added that it
did not say "if possible!" Still
another laugh when the message continued te the effect that the trainmen of the C. P. B. had refused to
work under the* conditions, as being
"contrary to their agreement."
These facts, the speaker reminded
the meeting, were not from any
newspaper, but from the Central
Strike Committee at Calgary. Be*
turned men were included. (Applause.) Another telegram, from
Prince Bupert, shewed mere than
three-fourths of the total vote solid
for a strike. There was also a resolution from the B. C. ei-Boldiers'
and Sailers' Labor Couneil, Vancouver Local No. 1, in definite accord
with the objeeta of the proposed
sympathetic strike.   (Applauae.)
"When the strike waa irst
called," said tke sneaker, "I was
opposed to it." At that time the
issue waa purely industrial; now It
was political. From the moment the'
government atepped in, it had become the light of the entire working* I
class throughout the whole of the
Dominion. (Hearty applause.) To
individuals and organizations alike'
he urged: "Put your individual vote
aside and stay with your fellow-
workers. '' By failure now, their or.
ganization might be set baek for a
much longer period than In normal
circumstances. The steel girders of
tho building derived their strongth
from millions of molecules that held
togothor; with a granite rock it was
the same. So, strong aa ateel and
hard as granite, they must stick together.   (Loud applauae.)
Albort Hill, of the Longshoremen,
next took a hand. He aaw the reason of the government's stand in the
fact of the closed' organization of
the working-class, among* whom thoy
saw class distinctions being eliminated.
Brother Pritchard" was next
briefly introduced by thc chairman;
but he had to wait quite a while fer
the storm of npplauso which greeted
him to subside, before addressing
himself to his "fellow Bavagcs." He
said he would like to spend bis days
in writing comic operas, with tne
material which the world today copiously provided.
What waB going on behind all the
noise abont "repatriation," etc., it
was for theu to Hnd out for themselves. ("You bet you!" and applause) That B. L. Borden was incompetent was no reason for ridiculing him; nevertheless it might bc
noted what company he kept, such
as that of "a notorious character
named Sifton," with his "poppycock about free representation of
the people."
A little trouble bad started in
Winnipeg through the, action of
metal-trade employers who belonged
to the Manufacturers' Association,
which waa their One Big Union.
Back over the water—hia 79th trip,
or so—-comes B. — Borden, turns to
his slave Gideon Bobertson, and says,
"Old, giddupl Oot a move on!
What are we paying you tor, if not
to minister to labor on our account!" And so an "intellectual
mosquito" comes with his coil-oil
Boys!    Working Men!
HM  IS  YOVa
OPPORTUNITY
THIS WEEK yeu have the chance to spend a little tta*
in onr store. Tou new get a few daylight hours yen
eaa call your own, in which yon enn inspect our great
stock, study onr styles and renew oar acquaintance. The steady
and persistent shortening of business hours in stare* hu mado it
difficult for the workingman to keep ia touch witk us, bnt nsw
he will be able to put in a little tin* learning where and how
tke best clothes in the city are made and sold, and he ia Khely
to be agreebly surprised to Ini he ean procure gamlas ens*.—
Bal* suits is high grade woollens of guaranteed quality at
prices faP below those being charged for inferior factory mad*
ready-to-wear.   Bring your wifel
MBTS
sons
»M   OF
STBIOTLT
WDrVHWAL
MBASOMS
WOMBf'i
sons
MS   PF
HASTINGS EAST
to Winnipeg to put the Arc out.
"Not a member of the Henufac-
turers' Association or the Employers' Association could have stated
their position better than Gideon
Bobertson did on'tho Irst day."
(Applause.) They approved of collective bargaining of a certain size,
etc., as a thoory or principle*-****" but
never you attempt to put it into
practice." But the workers knew
that their forms of organization
must be re-formed, to meet the new
conditions thoy were confronted
with. (Applause.) On the one hand
they had individual crafts, which
could be played off against one another; on the other hand was the
common management of the Board
of Trade and the Manufacturers'
Association. The workers had too
long been satisfied with the husks—
the outside form with the meat.eut
out.
Tho speaker referred to the programme of vilification given out
under the caption ef "The Frown
Breath of Bolshevism," ignoring
"The Frozen Feet of Capitalism."
Every indictmont in tho programme
waa true in Canada today; if any
country answered to the description,
"wo have our feet oa it." (Applause.) As to the alleged "nation,
alizatlon of women," the speaker
id, "not only is it possible for
those who have the price to buy
women; but it ia necessary for women to offer themselves on th*
streets."
Continuing, the speaker aaid: "It
we are boys of the bull-dog breed,
and if we have not lost all our
teeth trying to hold on to * job
(Applause), this is the time." Th*
returned men of Winnipeg today
were telling Norris "We ar* th*
Citizens' Committee." (Hear, hear.)
On the other hand the Manufacturers' Association in Vancouver were
organizing a campaign to gather ia
those who eould us* a machine gun.
The apeaker suggested, amid laughter, that it might be for a new war-
on tho Solomon Islands in the South
Seas, or maybe to keep any mora
Chinamen from landing on thea*
shores.
The situation in Winnipeg waa now
more serious than when Gideon Bobertson placed his foot in that city.
Would the returned men, who hai
been fed on overseas editions of th*
World," telling of the ranting
labor loaders in Western Canada,
turn round and tak* th* position
they were now taking without good
and sufficient cause!'" Tk* return**)
soldier la realising that, if lt il
(Continued on page 6)
-PATRONIZE   OUR   ADVERTISERS-
What is the use of inventing more
and more atrocities of the Bolshu-
vikif It is a well-known fact they
have decreed everyone should work
and that there should be no classes.
Isn't that the worst "atrocity"
thsy eould possibly commit!
The politician who seeks te flatter the intelligence of his audience
is really planning how he can profit
by its ignorance.
Mndidona havo improved recently     Where iB your union button!
greater than their -duty to the state.
The men themselves had decided that
their duty to their fellow-worker preceded everything else; they were
therefore told that thoy could only
come back to thcir jobs on new
terms.
Tho municipal authority similarly
said to tno policemen of Winnipeg
that they must break away from
thcir orgnnization or ceaso to be
members of the polioe force; they
voted not to break away. (Applause.) Their affiliation with tbeir
fellow-workers removed a weapon
from the hands of their employers;
they were no longer available to
break a strike or to break up meet-
(ings. "Thoy said they would stay
with their organisation rather than
stay with thoir job." {Renewed np-
plaiiHC.) The speaker submitted:
"Wc must support those men till
they are reinstated in their position.".'' He also expressed the belief that "If Gideon Robertson had
I kept his mouth shut the situation in
pWnnipeg would have boen over be-
f-arc now."
'T3yes were now turned on Van-
couver, "the Worst city in Canada,"
although the ouo with less labor
trouble than any other in Northwest
America. "I have no doubt what
thc city of Vancouver will do," said
Brother Kavanagh. "Whethor we
strike or not is not the issue; but
arc we going to allow Winnipeg to
be defeated, knowing what will happen then to ust The state has
stepped in; the municipalities have
followed suit: The workers of Vancouvor arc going to decide tomorrow
whether they are going to allow Winnipeg to be defeated—and suffer tho
same things ourselves."
Secretary Smith now read a messago from tho Trades and Labor
Council of Calgary to the effect that
they were aU "standing solid."
(Applause.) A threat to the workers that their jobs would bo Ailed
Union Store
Our Big Clothing Clearance Sale
is Going Strong-Every Suit Must Go
The Only Store for Real Strike Prices
Regular $21 to $25 Suits for $15-
just think, real good suits for $15!
A large range of suits for $20. In
this range we have suits that were
worth $40 eighteen months ago; only $20 now.
You can't afford to miss them.
For $55 we can give you the most beautiful
suit in the city. Sold at other stores for $70.
Only $55 here.
Furnishing Department
Odd Line Arrow Collars; a few loft.. 5c
Odd Line Arrow Shirt* — 30 per cent,
discount.
Odd Line Underdrawers, worth $1.00.
Now 80c
i
6 Pairs Cotton Sox $1.00
Work Shirts, regular $2.00 and $2.25,
for  $1.60
5 Handkerchiefs,
for	
regular 2 for
25c,
Mc
Good Summer Work Shirts, regular
*1.25, for 80c
Suspenders..
40c
Union Made Overalls, $1.75, $1.95, $2.15
and $2.46
Twin Bute, Carhartt, Mogul, O. W. G.
Regular $6.00 and $6.50 Pants $4.95
The Jonah-Prat Co.
Onr Brandi-"Fit-RiU" ud "Better Olothea"
401 HASTINGS ST. WEST
Corner Homer
j
-PATRONIZE   OUR  ADVERTISERS- PAGE FOUR
eleventh teas; no. 83      THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     vahcoijvbb, a o.
FBIDAT...
...Tone t, lt%
THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by The B. C.
Federationlit, Limited   *
A. S. WELLS...
...Manager
Office:   Labor Temple,  405  Dunemuir  Street.
Telephone Enhonge, Seymour 7465
After 6 p.m., Sey. 7407K
Subicription Bates: United States and Foreign,
J2.00 per year; Canada, (1.50 par year; in
Vancouver City, (2.00 per year; to Unions subscribing in t body, ♦1.26 per member per year.
Unity of Labor: The Hopo of the World
FRIDAY June 6, 1919
ALL QUESTIONS SINK into insignia*
oanoe in the minds of the trades
unionists of  Canada alongside  of the
strike issue.   To even thoroughly understand this strike, and the
THE causes that lie behind
UAL the action of the gov-
CAUSE. ernment,  and  the cm-
ploying class whose ex*
ecutive the government is, it becomes
necessary to examine into world conditions and thc system under which we live.
During the war it was essential that the
workers should be kept working produc-
ing the munitions of war, and all that the
term munitions implies. To prevent cessation of the work, some concessions along
the line of bargaining were granted to the
workers, and the government compelled
the employers to recognize the workers'
organizations. The necessity of keeping
the workers at work is not now so great,
and the employing class is showing its
hand. But other causes, than those that
lie immediately on the surface, enter into
the question, and it is these things from
which the employers' ideas and attitude
towarda organized labor are gathered.
*■•■"•
The financial centre of the world prior
to the war was Great Britain. The British was the loaning nation of the world,
in other words Oreat Britain was In a
position of a creditor to most of the world.
As a result of this she could bring in raw
materials in payment of the loans that she
made. But the financial centre of the
world has through the war become removed from Oreat Britain to America, and
in spite of the imaginary boundary line,
this means Canada. For Canada is linked
up with the United' Statea by capital.
Practically all of the great industries in
this land are operated by American capital, and that being so what affects America must affect us, and what affects Canada must be thc concern of the American
capitalists.
•      »      •
The older European countries hare not
those great aupplies of raw materials that
the American continent it blessed, or
cursed, with. They cannot ship raw material for the payment of the loans that
have been made to them by the United
States, these loam muit be paid by the
manufactured products of the European
countries. This will make the situation
somewhat different to what it has been in
the past; instead of the United States
being the exporters of manufactured products thay must become the importers, or
go without the payment of the loans.
Hence the desire of the employing olass
on this continent to keep the cost of
production at the lowest possible level.
They realise that in spite of their great
financial transactions that they must keep
a place in the sun, in other words the
markets of the world, or theh- profits must
cease or become materially reduced. While
the Btrike is for the right of collective
bargaining, or would appear io on the
face of it, it is a atrike against the attempt of the employing class to break
down the workera' organizations, in order
that the cost of produetion may be kept
as low as possible, so that the employers
of this continent ean successfully compete
in the world's marketB. They instinctively realize that the competitive syitem
compeli them to buy aa cheap aa possible the labor power' that they must
have in order to produce commodities for
tbe world's markets. To do this thoy wiU
wage warfare on the workers, on their
organisations, or by bringing in as they
have done in the past, cheap labor from
Asiatic countries, or any other country, in
their efforts, to keep down the cost of
labor power. Driven as they sre to desperation, knowing not the system whieh
gives them the profits that they now enjoy, the members of the ruling class in
their mad scramble would not stop at
maohine gun or any other taotics to prevent the workeri solidifying their position. In this work they are backed up by
the govornment, of which Gideon Robert*
son, minister of labor, one time a member
of a labor organization, is the spokesman.
That the ruling clan will never learn
sense, is demonstrated by this latest piece
of folly, and instead of breaking the or*
ganizations of labor, they arc more likely
to bring to the workers' attention the
necessity of changes iu their organization.
There is one thing sure, thc recent trouble
has demonstrated thc inefficiency of thc
organizations now in existence, and has
demonstrated without a doubt thc necessity of a real and progressive labor movement, organized on an industrial basis, instead of a craft onc.
THOSE WHOM THE OODS would destroy they first make mad.    It is
very evident that the gods have determined to destroy the
MORE RULING     present  incompetent
OLASS bunch which are at
STUPIDITY. present in power at
Ottawa, i'or, if they
are not mad, they are at least mentally
afflicted, and if there should bo any
further display of solidarity on the part
of the workere, they will threw seven
kinds of fits and lose their senses completely. The Western Conference seems
to have been the cause of the present
brain storm that has afflicted 'the governmental heads of this fair dominion of ours,
that thousands of the best manhood in the
land laid down their lives i'or, and for
which thousands were wounded and
maimed on the battle fields of France and
Flanders.. Despite the fact that the war
was fought ifcr democracy; the very fact
that thc workers take a vote on a new
form of organization, which is a democratic way of finding out the wishes of
the rank and file, has put the fear «of
death into the ruling class of this land.
Democracy is all right for Germany, or
any other place but at home. But let
democracy be even so much as mentioned
in Canada, and we arc told that revolution is stalking through our midst, and
constitutional government is threatened.
Not that we are very much concerned as
to whether government iB maintained or
not, as government means that there is a
governing class, whioh must have a subject class to govern. And the people arc
sick of government and desire a little freodom,
* *       »
Senator Robertson, the mouthpiece of
the government, in so far as labor matters
is concerned, has stated that thc general
strike iu Winnipeg was engineered by the
leaders of th(j One Big Union movement,
and that it is an attempt to override the
powers of thc provincial and dominion
governments. Does anybody with a grain
of common sense think that it is possible
for a few men to engineer a general strike,
in which thirty-five thousand or more
workers take part? Is it possible for the
working class to be bo imbecile as to be
fooled to the extent that the minister
would lead the people to believe? The
minister of labor must have been seeing
things, or his masters must have so impressed him that he could not see clearly.
The statements are an insult to the members of the working class. It has been
said that a man cannot serve two masters.
This hss been proven time and time again
in the labor movement. In all cases when
the ruling class take a member of the
working class and places him in the position of acting on behalf of the master
class, he either falls for the ruling class
philosophy, or breaks away from the evil
surroundings, which sooner or later, if he
Btays with it, will get him. There is no
middle ground in these days. To those
that expected a square deal from an ex-
member of organized labor as minister of
labor, or, for that matter sny other official
of the present day governing class, we
would lay that it is impossible, and the
proof of it is to be found in the actions
and words of a man, who, if he ever had
the working class view point, lost it since
his association with the ruling class.
* *      *
The senator has said, that'is if press reports are true, that the struggle is between
the One Big Union forces and the old
form of organization. This is incorrect so
fsr as the workers are concerned. The
government may have that idea, and may
think that by the tactics adopted, that the
powers that be, will defeat the One Big
Union. Instead of this, the workers have
been taught a lesson that will never be
forgotten. They have been taught that
the present form of organization is useless
in a struggle like the present one. It has
taught them where the weaknesses are in
their present organization. It has showed
plainly that with craft divisions they are
prevented from taking collective action at
a moment's notice. It haa taught them
that cohesion is essential when an on;
slaught is made on the little liberty they
have left. Instead of the government having done anything to tend to destroy the
One Big Union movement, it has demonstrated without a shadow of a doubt thst
the workers must be able at a moment's
notice to act, and to act not only throughout one particular industry, but throughout the country if necessary, and that to
do this a new and better form of organization must be created. The one big
Union government has assisted the One
Big Union movement of thc workers, and
the workers Bhould thank the government
for the object lesson which was at this
time bo necessary.
The daily press in Vancouver is afraid
of having to print the truth. At least
thst is the only conclusion we can come
to alter seeing the statements as to the
censorship which the typographical union
considered necessary during the strike, it
was not the intention of the printers to
censor matter that affected world news,
but to sec that only the truth as given out
by the strike committee was printed by
the press. This was too big a pill for
them to swallow. How eau newspapers
which are not in the habit of spreading
the truth make such a sudden change? It
would be too much of s shock to them,
and would mean that they would become
useless to the interests that own and control them and theif policies. Perhaps the
botter way would be for them to cease
publication, sa they suggest, until they
gain sufficient strength to stand a goodly
dose of the truth. It would be a pity to
have them die on our hands through
shock.
tion of publishing strike news, snd it will
be seen that the idea was to prevent ^p-
liberate misrepresentation." Having aon-
8idercd the resolution, take and consm$*
the press statements refusal to puBIish
with the censorship of the Typographical
Union, and it will at once become apparent thst the press wishes to deliberately
misrepresent the situation. If this is not
so, then why the opposition to the censorship ?
The latest news is that the canneries of
Alaska are importing coal from China. If
they can get Chinamen to work for them
here on this continent they will go to
China for thcir supplies. This reminds us
of a prominent contractor of Victoria who,
in the times of depression before the war,
went over to Hong Kong to build a yacht
for himself. This vessel when finished was
brought to Victoria on thc Asia, or on one
of the C. P. R. boats, and was seen in
Victoria waters ou many occasions. By no
means are we raising a national question,
or attempting to breed racial differences,
but after the copious doses of patriotism
that thc peoplo on Ihis continent have
been subjected to during the past few
.years, the action of the employing class
in purchasing coal or building yachts is
proof of their hypocracy.
The United Brotherhood of Carpenters'
and Joiners' International has sent $4,000
to the striking carpenters in Winnipeg.
Possibly Senator Robertson will now realize that even reactionary Sammy Gompers
would not for one moment stand for the
position of the government.
Those foreign agitators from the international unions, that were so much'decried prior to the war, don'tKseem near so
bad as the local brand in these days.
Fancy a representative of the government
appealing to onc of the foreigners for assistance prior to the war. The Canadian
brand of unionism, when it was of the
"safe and sane type," used to be the clear
thing, but now s real up to date brand
manufactured in Canada iB brought forward, and, lo and bcholf, the government
prefers the foreign type. Name of heaven,
is there no consistency in the minds of the
ruling class?
Exception has been taken by different
people at the Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council's action in drafting the seven
points, which included soldiers' questions.
It has been said by the press and by the
B. C. Veterans Weekly that this was a bid
for the support of the soldiers' support.
It was no bid for the soldiers' support, as
that was already assured. It might be of
interest to the press and to the B. C. Veterans Weekly to know that the soldiers'
questions are not the property of any one
organization and that neither the press or
the Veterans Weekly represent the bulk
of thc returned men. It may also be of
interest to many people to know that the
labor organizations in this city contain
big a percentage of returned men as any
other kind of organization; in fact, there
is a large proportion of the returned men
in the labor organizations, and the large
majority of them' are members of the
working class. This being so, the Vancouver Trades Council was not butting in
but was dealing with questions that affect
a large number of members that it rep*
resents, who sre returned soldiers, members of organized labor and members
of the working class. The returned soldiers' problems are essentially working
class problems and cannot be solved by
any other class,
SEATTLE UNIONS
ARE IN BUSINESS
Union Men Open up Many
Businesses for
Themselves
Seattle, Wash.—Members of Carpenters' union No, 1338 hare formed
a contracting company and hopo to
be able to avoid strikes and lockouts in the /uture. The new oompany starts with a capitalization of
$10,000. The shares will be owned
by union carpenters. The company
aims to build homes and do a gen*
eral contracting business. Stockholders will be given preference in
the matter of employment.
The company will also buy timber
and oporate sawmills in order to eliminate all profits which now go to
the middleman. In other words, the
company intends to take the timber
in the woods, manufacture it into
lumbor with which to construct
houses and sell them to their fellow
laborers or anyone who wishes to
buy on easy terms and at prices consistent with good work aad the best
of material.
Stevedores in Busin«s
Articles of incorporation for the
Longshoremon 'a Co-operative association have beon issued for the purpose of carrying on a co-operative
stevedore business at Seattle and
other ports on tho west coast.
Trad* Union Bank
tn Maroh the tradee unions organized a Trades Union Savings and
Loan association and it is now -doing a thriving business far above
the expectations of those who organized it.
Butchers Union in Business
The $100,000 Food Products association organized by the Butchers
union during a strike, has met with
splendid success. Its meat markets
are the envy of tho^rivate butchers
who are unable to soil at tho prices
asked by the association.
12,000 Fed Daily
During the shipbuilding boom thc
shipbuilding tradea launched out in
to the restaurant business and they
are now supplying 12,000 meals daily
to the toilers in the shipyards at a
great saving to all the unionists.
Will Have Department Store
Plans have already been completed for the opening of a big labor-
owned department store. Many cooperative stores are in existence in
the city 'and all doing a thriving
Over the
top With
Underwear
Values
We don't want to hurry
you into buying that Summer Underwesr you have
been "standing off," but
just remind you that this
is the place to get it.
We have all styles in two-
piece suits and'combinations at
$1.50 to $5.00 a Suit
RICKSON'S
Apparel for Men
820 Granville Street
PANTAGES
S KBIT WEEK
Kraiy Kati Btvue
Tuneo Kajly-un.
Othtr Bis r-wtum
EMPRESS THEATRE
WEEK OF JUNE 9TB
"THE WOMAN
ON THE INDEX"
A, Baal Sensation
Prices:   18c, SBc and Mc
The following clipping from the Winnipeg Labor News indicates that the present
industrial upheaval was purposely instigated by the financial barons of thst'eity
in an attempt to crush the growing labor
movement. During the entire period of
the negotiations of the Metal Tradea
Counoil snd since then of the strike, a
settlement oould have been made by the
ironmasters by acceptance of the principle
of collective bargaining, a principle thst
has not only been endorsed by the Canadian and British governments, but also by
the Peace Conference.
The Winnipeg Labor News states:
"Tho strike committee has aent its terms
of settleemnt to the mayor. They call for
the recognition of right of collective bargaining, the recognition of the metal
trades councU and the building trades
council, and there is the atatement of all
the strikers that, without prejudice, they
have made the above offer in writing to
the provincial government. The committee has interviewed Senator Robertson,
Dominion minister of labor. With these
things clearly in mind, it cannot be said
in the future that labor hag not tried to
reach a settlement before calling upon the
whole Dominion to assist.
"There is no misunderstanding among
the workers as to where the opposition
comes from, or what the real issues are.
The metal trades employers are backed by
the committee of one thousand, which is
but another name for the greater Winni*
peg Board of Trade and the Manufacturers' Association. They are composed of
the financial barons of the oity. They
refuse to recognize the right of collective
bargaining and to pay a living wage. The
moment they are willing to conoede these
two points that moment the solution is
here.
"Labor is steadily increasing in power.
The future is full of dread uncertainty for
capitalism, so labor hore must be broken
if it csn be done by hook or by crook.
That is why the matter has been taken out
of the hands of the meu primarily <jon*
eerned, snd handed over to tho committee
of one thousand.
"The committee of one thousand has w;*
rogatcd to itself the leadership of the population. It divides the oity into two
groups of strikers and citiseni. It lauds
the one and maligns the other. The one
group is entered into battalions to learn
how to shoot the other group. Those who
propose to do thc shooting sre those whb
uphold law and order, while those ■$'_
have caused not a single case of unrest/are
, -anarchists and Bolsheviki."
The Boot and Shoe Worken' union
are planning to open shoe factories.
The Jewelry Workers' union also
plan a manufacturing businoss, and
many other tradea are planning similar moves.
Laat, but by far not tho leaat,
ia the big union daily with a circulation of 60,000.
k well-known capitalist'» advice
to others—was to die poor; and hit
lite waa long effort to make it cer* ,.,   ._. __
tain that as many folks aa possible | the blessings of poverty,
should die that way.
Take particular notice of the Typo-
graphical Union's resolution on the ques-
Wc have been wondering what brSrht
mind conceived the idea of steming the
tide of democracy, by the aid of full pago
newspaper advertisements, which arc so
contradictory in themselves as to mske
them ridiculous,
For Rent st 638 Frier St.—First*
clasa cabin apartments, furnished
for housekeeping, except bedding
and utensils; inside sinks, and electric light. This is a clean and quiet
place, suitable for men who can afford to pay a littlo higher rate than
is charged for some cabin apart*
ments. *
Caution your wife to beware of
co-operation—it might make it pots*
ible for hor have all the latest aad
modem labor-saving dovicea in her
kitchen, and thus oause her to bt*
eome laay; it might give her a
chance to read and get a little an
joyment out of life and thus rain
the blessings of poverty. Terrible
to think ot what might happen.
THE balance of our Boys'
Suits are still going at the
old cost.
Men's Suits from $15.00 up to $35.00 in all wool
tweeds and worsteds.
Men's balbriggan underwear $1.00 and $1.50 per
suit.
Men's merino underwear $2.50 per suit.
Penman's 95.  All sizes on hand.
Men's working gloves, muleskin, 50c a pair.
We want you to see our stocks and get better
values.
W. B. BRUMMITT
18 and 20Gordova Street West, and 444 Main St.
A. BURCH
Watchmaker
SU OAXBJO— BTBElt
Ia Bainier Hotel Blaek
SPBCIAIJZINO   IK   WATOH
BEPAIBS
Hlgh-gsade work promptly executed. Member of Watehttak-
ere' Union fsom its inception.
TtUphOM S.J. (Ml
H.H.Nngent&Co.
Sails, Tents and Awnings
Tata-sun' tad Ouptnttn*
AFIOM,  BU1BBB BOOTS  aal
on, oLoisnta
_.*__.m givon ta otiiYSi work
U WATBB STBBBT,
TABOOVTBB, B. O.
Remember 1913 and 1914 and see that
thc boss does not get a strangle bold on
labor.
Every worker should have an ambition to live to hear the whistle blow for
thc bosses to go to work.
Education is ammunition. Organization the weapon. Aim true and keep
your powder dry.
J, N. Harvey's Union Storei.
More New Suits
Each week we brighten our clothing stock
with men's suits fresh from the manufacturers. Your suit is here.
J. N. Harvey
LIMITED
125-127 Hastings St. West
AIM 614*816 Yates Street
Vietoria, B. O.
TWO UNION STORES FOB MEN
-look for ths Big Bed Arrow Sign- :
LET'S GO TO BIRKS'!
Wciddiug gift problems end when you visit BirkB'.
Here it's a pleasure to select gifts because you have
so wide a choice, snd osn pay just
aJ>out what you intended.
If you reside out of town send for oW
Catalogue. If you desire information
sbout some speeial srtiele, write u_.
Our Mail Department serves
yon just as well at though yeu
shopped in person.
Granville and Georgia Sta,
"The House Behind the Goods"
BAKING POWDER
(CONTAINS NO ALUM)
Deeds reveal the station of the man, no matter
what the tongue speaks.
"Strike Notice"
UNION MEN, do you know
that the next strike in Vaneouvar is going to be an
OIL STBIKE.
It will be the greatest strike
for you, provided you hold a
paid-up membership in the SUB-
BEY OIL CO., LTD.
Don't wait nntll "EVEBY-
BODY" knows there is oil in the
Fraser Valley.
All tht Directors of this Compsny
art, or torr_.rlr war., UNION mon,
ropresoatlnf FIVE dilT.rent Unions.
Th.y know yonr position, thorofort
you sr. BHumd ot a itr.ight teal.
Tk. SURREY OIL CO. sham sn
th. b«t buy la tbo city. CU tnd
I will pro™ it. LIMITED ISSUE, 5
cent, nor thsr..
Small capitalisation, lsris hnll.
lags.
Sot your orders in QUICK, Osa
only be obtained front
G. Gatheral Fleming
146 HOMES STBBBT
Fhone Sey. 4347
Open till 9 Saturday evening
DENTAL
PLATES
My method of construction is perfeoted-sccording
to the fundamental principles of dental science.
All plates are theoretically
correct and perfectly
adapted for comfort and
ease of articulation.
DR. GORDON
CAMPBELL
Optn lnnlngi 7 to I o'Olook
Dental Nuiso In Attendanco
GRANVILLE ST.
Oorner of Hobson Strati
Over Owl Drug Btor-t
Phon* 8*7. S23I
INOOBPOIATBD 1885
Bank of Toronto
Assets ore 1100,000,000
D-tfwtta     70,000,000
Joint Savingi Account
A JOINT 8.wlngi Account mar ba
opened at Tha Bank of Toronto
in tht namt of two or moro
persons. In theso account* t.Lhar
party mar alga cheques or deposit
"Mar. For tht different membera
pf a family or • firm a joint acceual
U ofton a great convenience. Intereat
ll paid oa balances.
Vancouver Branch:
Omar Baittaga and OMbit Itmta
Branchea at:   .
Ylrtorln,   Merritt, New WartUutor
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
lieo otorgla stntt
Sunday atrviuea, 11 a.m. and 7.80 p.m.
Bundajr achool immediately following
morninf atrviee. Wedneaday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Fret reading room,
901-908   Blrka   DIdg,
MOTORCYCLES     AMD     BXOTOLM
If  you  want  your  motorcycle  or
bicycle    overhanlod   or   repaired   at
reosonable prlcee, pay ue a vieit.
We buy and aell uied machines of
all kinda. We repair aewlng machine*. Lawn mowera aharpened. Get
our pricea beforo buying.
KRULEY & CO.
342 MAIN ST.  (near Haitian)
Stymour 2751
odbffSaQoRttB
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value.
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coata
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
Can YOU toll oar BiokneM aad
dent   Policies I    Tho  coit   If
($1.00 per month aad up), tho
ia largo.
(All aiicidenta lad every known -Ut-
east covered.)
We give good service, and need gi
men  to represent  us in aU parte
British Columbia.
Merchants Casualty Cm
Bofsis BulMlof      VsaflSttfSf, a. a.
■tog np Phona Bsjoour HM tet
appointmwt
Dr. W.J. Curry
DENTIST
Mt. Ml Donlnloi BalUlK
VANOOUVEB, B. a .June 6, IMS
eleventh YiAi, H* it     THB BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATI0NI8T    vanoobvm, a. o.
HELP ALONG!
'atronize Federationist Advertisers
Hew _ty An, Indexed tot Yon
Mr. Union Msn, Oat thit Ont andOiT. B to Toot WU.
Sunk of Toronto, Hsstings t Cambie- VietorU, Merritt and New Westminster.
loyal Buk of Cansds, 12 Branches in Vancouver, 89 in B. C.
pniw Bank of Cnada, Hastings and   Bichards) (Cordov» and Abbott,
Mount Pleasant.
BLelly'i
Bakeries
..Phone Fairmont U
fisdalls Limited...
-ruley a Oo.	
A. Flett..........
Bicycles
'ockct Billiard Parlor...
Billiards
...618 Hastings Btreet West
..3.8 Main Street, Beymour.8781
...Hastings Btreet Welt
TWO
...42 Hastings Btreet East
!<m Jones (Brunewiek Pwl Booms)....  -....Hastings Street East
Boots and Shoes
ohnitras Big Shoe Store...  ,.™...40. Hastings We*
«Mn Shoe Co., ,
iHodelajr Shoe Co...
Piorre Paris .".	
rV'm. Dick Ltd..
Ingledew Bhoe Store...
...118 Hastings Stnet But
 1047 Oranrille Btreet
...64 Hastings Street West
.....—Hastings Stnet East
 .666 Oranvillo Street
■lank Buffet	
||)ood Gate Cafe...
Ifrocadero Cafo...
Cafes
 Corner Hasting) and Homer Streeta
..... 110 Cordova and 622 Pender West
.166 Hastings Btreet West
Chinaware and Toys
iillar It Coo. Ltd   418 Hastings Street Welt
Cigars
II Doro and all Union Label Cigars >
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
.mold * Quigley. ; 546 Oranrille Street
■•laman'e Ltd. _ .„..„.., 183 Hastings Street West
lubb * Stewart ; 308-316 Hastings Stroet West
I, C. Outfitting Co ;.._ 348 Hastings Straet West
>. 0. Tailoring Co. .„ 128 Hastings Street East
Vm. Diek Ltd. ; 33-48 Hastings Street East
hos. Foster te Co., Ltd... -    -       ■"   ~
. W. Foster te Co., Ltd...
...614 Oranvillo Street
.346 Hastings Btreet West
. N. Harvey Ltd 126 Hastings West and Victoria, B. C.
udson's Bay Co Corner Oranvillo and Georgia
he Jonah-Prat Co. ; 401 Haetings Btreet West
ew Tork Outfitting Co 143 Hastings Street West
ickson'e 820 Granville Street
avid Spencer Ltd Hastings Streot
. B. Bromitt...
homss t McBain...
'oodwards Ltd...
...Cordova Btreet
...Granville Street
...Hastings and Abbott Streets
B. Cuthbertsons & Co   Granville Street and Hastings Street
Coal
-irk 8 Co., Ltd 92* Main St., Seymour 1441 and 466
taedonsld Marpole Co _*•*•*_ 1001 Main Street
(Merest Dairy
Dairies
Dentists
"rs. Bntt Anderson and Douglas Cassolman..... 602 Hastings Wost
ir. W. J. Curry „ 301 Dominion Building
ir. Gordon Campbell .Corner Granvillo and Bobson Streets
Ir. H. B. Hall 18 Hastings Street East,. Seymour 4042
W'. I-owo Corner Hastings ud Abbott Streets
'tank Buffett......
Britannia Beer...
llWsde Beer...
Drinks
■Taxi—Soft Drinki...
Ivan Bros ;._..
I Gordon Drysdaje Ltd...
Dry Goods
..Cor Hastings and Homer Streets
.Westminster Brewery Co.
.Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
 .409 Dunsmuir Stnet
 ...Ciders and wiass
 Granville Btreet
Florists
Brown Bros. * Co. Ltd. .46 Hastlngi East and 788 Oranvllle Stnet
Funeral Undertakers
.1049 Georgia, Seymour 2426
 .631 Homer Street
Center 8 Hanna Ltd	
Nunn, Thomson 8 Glegg...
Hastings Furnitun Co	
Canadian Furniture Co....
Furniture
...41 Hastings Street Weet
 Hastings Street West
Groceries
IVan Market Hastings Street Opposite Pantages
Slaters" (threo stores) Hastings, Granville and Main Streets
. T. Wallace Marketaria 118 Hastings Street West, Seymour 1268
Woodwards. Hastings and Abbott Streets
ipencers Ltd. Hastings Street
udson 'o Bay Co *. Granvillo Street
Insurance
lerchanti' Casualty Co.— Bogori Building
CAN ANYBODY KICK YOUR DOfl'AROW:
WHAT WE  HAVE  WEtl HOIO.
Save Cost of Deli
 your groceries on our cash ind carry plan.
Here are some et tht specials for week com*
mencing Friday, June lth.
Quaker Corn, per tin....*
Kellog's Dominion Corn
«   Flakes, per pkg..—
Old Dutch Cleanser, per
P**g ~
Vantoria Jam, 2s, per
tin  —
Campbell's Soup, per
tin
Dominion Matches, 900s,
.. nor box —
Utility Boap, per oake.
Woodward's Better Tea
f»g. 60c ...... .
Black Knight Steve
Polirft  ;..	
Bkookum Shoe Polish..
Shaker Salt, per
carton	
Toilet Paper, per rolL.
Ramsay's Family-
Sodas  ™
Lion Macaroni, 16 ol.....
-fauisny's Biscuits, per
pkg.	
Sunmaid Seeded
Baisins, per pkg; ...
Excelsior Dates, per
P«g  .
Cleaned Currants, per
pkg. —., ■-*_
Hnox Gelatine, pet
pkg. 	
Holbrook's Egg
Powder 	
Holbrook 'a Potato
flour 	
Cox's Gelatine, pkg.....
Bchepp'a Cocoanut .....
Cow Brand Soda,
Mb. pkg	
Canada Corn Starch	
Pri<de of Vancouver
Baking Powder, por
tin 	
Nabob Baking Powder,
per tin 	
Malkin's Lemonade
Powder, por tin 	
Wild Bose Pastry
Flour, 10-lbs _
P. of V. Boiled Oats,
7-lbH	
Boyal Standard
Flour, 24s  1
.20
M>_
.08
.31
J»H
-07 ft
M_
.63"
.10
.09
.10
.05
.88
.UK
■m
•1»«
.24
.15
.18
.21
Caitlle Soap, p»f
cake  	
-tS
,83
.15
.12
07-V4
.11
Goblin Soap, pw cake-
P. 8 O. White Naphtha Sosp — _ M%
Feb Naphtha Soap,
per cake -   M_
Fairy Soap, large «k«   .0*
Lu, per pkg. _.  M%
Snap, per tin .17
Clark's Pork 8
Beam, ll .01
Boyal Olty Tomatoei,
2s, per tin .*'. ...—   4*
Quaker Tomatoei, t_e M
El Bio Asparagus, per
Hii  .    .88
Kippered Salmon, per
tin   .fl
Soekeye Salmon, tails..   .87
Nootka Pilchards, tails   .17 *
Clark's Potted Meats,
per tih  . .   ,07ft
Waffle Byrup, per tin.. .48
Chef Molasses, per tin.. .19
Mentserrat Lime Juice
per bottlo  _.   .41
Shield's Vinegar, per
Tiottle.
White Lily Pineapple,
per tin
Fraser Valley Hasp*
berries, pe* tin _.
Kootenay White Cherries, per tin .
.18
.28
Jl
Gold Medal Poaches,
2fts  _ ".St
Lowney's Cocoa,  _a....   M
Eagle's Sweet Chocolate, H-lb. tins     ,19ft
P. of V. Stirilitcd
Milk, per tin  _   .11
Eagle Brand Milk,
per tin  — -._   .81
Nabob Extracts, 8-os.
bottle  - _   Jl
Malkin 'a Bost Marmalade, bottle _   .81
Pare Orange Marmalade, 16-oj*. tin    .81
Libby's Plain Ollvel,
8oi.     .20
Olive Oil, pinto  1.10
Olive Oil, quarta 2.16
Jewelers
irks Ltd...
..Granville ud Georgia Streets
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
*. H. Malkin -..- ..(Malkin'i But)
Overalls and Shirts
Twin Bute  (Jas. Thomson 8 Sons, Vancouver, B, 0.)
Big Horn" Brand (Turnor Beeton 8 Co., Vicjoria, B, 0.)
Paints
utcrHendcraon Paint Co 642 Granville Stroet
Printers and Engravers
wan te Brookhouse - Labor Temple
■Hand-Dibble  .  Tower Building
U. E...
Railways
.......and the......
Tools
.0. N. B.
A. Flett.
...Hostings Streot West
...Hastings Stnet West
.rtii, Finlayson te Mather	
Theatres and Movies
ipress ...... Orphoum   Pantages   Columbia  Maple Leaf
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 1869
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up
Reserve and Undivided Profits
Total Assets _ —	
..$ 25,000,000
_$ 14,000,000
.$ 15,000,000
$360,000,000
818 branohof in Canada, Newfoundland and British
: West Indiw.
Alao branches in London, England; New Tork Oity and
Barcelona, Spain.
Twelve branches in Vancouver:
Main Office—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets.
Comer Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner Granville and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway/West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Davie Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Seventh Ave. West.
10S0 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Ave and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 27 other
points in British Columbia.
SPECIAL ATTENTION IS GIVEN TO SAVINGS ACCOUNTS
On* dollar openi an account on whioh interest ii paid half-yearly
at current rates.
THOS. FBAOOOK,
Manager Vanoouver Branch
O. W. rBABIB, Vancouver,
Supervisor _or B. O.
OUR FIGHT
OUB riGHT
[By A. McKay Jordan]
Now that the striko is on, the
issue is squarely up to the citizens.
It is no longor local, but a national
political problem in which evory
man, woman and child shares. Our
politicians continue to think and act
as they did in pre-war days, failing to realise that every hour, indeed every minute conditions aro
changing. Wo aro being swept into
tho broad stream of common humanity, and coming to an understanding of the rights of the weakest; for they have rights—the right
to be protected, not hounded and
driven or robbed.
Organized labor is fighting as
much for you, Mr. Unorganized Citizen, aa thoy are for themselves.
They are trying to help those who
have dearly shown their inability
to combat tho octopus of grood and
oppression.
Wc howl and we growl about our
governmont, yot what have wo dono
to foroe thom to play thoir part or
got out and let someone elso in who
wllll Whon election day comes
around what porcentago of our voters' lists are represented at th.
polls, and who do they vote for—
a business man or a professional politician! You know the answer. Then
wo blame tho government, blame the
Bolshovik, blame the Socialist,
blame nnyono but ourselvos. Thia
community is mode up of tho 'Can't
Do It Club," and tho "Let Oeorge
Uo It Club." Until recently th.
Oeorgos were very much in the minority, but with tho return of oui
men from overseas, their number ii
increasing daily, and with organized
labor the issue il rapidly being
forced.
What is the solution! It is to compel this or some other governmont
to immediately make a survey of
tho natural rosources which can be
developed, ascertain tho cost of production, the cost of distribution and
Ux thc consumer's cORt. This will
automatically fix tho cost which that
partioulur production will stand for
the various forms of labor entering
into it up to the time of consuinp-
On. Firm's Meat Profits
Chicago—Some idea of the tremendous supplies of moat furnished
by the packers to the government
during the war is given by the Cudahy Packing Company, sma^lost of
the "big five" packers, in a memorandum submitted to tbe war department. The oompany roports that
it made in 1918, after paying intorest and taxes, "practically the same
rate of net proflt ai in the pro-war
yoar 1914."
The old adage: Be good and yeu
will be happy. Tho new adage aa
paraphrased by capitalism: Get the
good, and you will bo happy.
Buy nt a union store
An
•iMIillllllllllllllHI
"Tour King and country noed
you," said the poster.
It ihouted it at me morning, noon
and night, as did everything and
everybody else. The super-patriotie
young ladies with the white feathers
whispered it in my ear as they
passed, or sat noxt to me on the ear.
The comedienne with the rancous
voice bawled it at me in the music
halls; and even the little girl dressed
in Ae Allies' flags lisped it te me
at the Sunday school ooneort.
"Tour King and your country."
That was where I laid the emphasis
and applied it to myself. "My King
and my country needed me." It
wasn't so mueh the first hslf of the
phrase that appealod to me, but I
won't say any more about that until
Dora's safely buried. But they stuck
up a picture of a lovely little cottage in a lovely rural setting, and
asked me if that wasn't worth fighting for,   My country needed Ue.
So I went. Tes, I went—nnd I'd
four yoars of itt
And then we won the war. At
least Mr. Lloyd Qeorge did, and fortunately for us ho was oa our side,
I've often wondered what would
have happened if ho'd boen bom in
Ocrinany Instead of England. Anyhow, he won tbe war, and I eame
home. Not quite so easily as that,
of course, but'still I got home at
last.
I should have mentioned that dur*
ing those four yoars I'd boen mar*
ried. I bad six days to do it in.
Our officer, who was married about
the samo time, was given twelve
days. I don't know why, unless
they have a different ceremony for
offlcen. However, I managed it in
tho six days, and in our letters
afterwards we, she and I, discussed
the house, and furniture, and decorations, and color schemes, and pictures, and I don't know what else.
I could see it all as plain as day,
and had figured out tie cost to a
"fiver," ignorant, of course, of
"war prices." And I saved! Saved,
mind you, on a shilling a day.
Well, I oame home, and for a fortnight I dreamed and revelled ia a
restored individuality and regained
freedom. After that I came down
to enrth and became practical once
more.
I 'wanted that houso; the house
that I'd furnished und docornted so
often In my mind ln France. I looked
and looked, but nowhere was it to
be found. Well, I thought, I'd better soe the government.
So I went and called on him. Hs's
a largo, well fod, pompous gentleman is tho government, with a self-
assured air, as though conscious of
a large and loyal majority. And yet
when he saw the mud-stained and
blood-bespattered khaki he seemed
to become timid, aa though here he
had mot something that ho was not
quito sure about.
He motioned me to a chair and
asked me what he could do for me.
"Well," I said, "for th. laat four
years I've been fighting for my
country, and as I understand that
we've won I thought I'd just call
round for it."
He gazed vacantly at me for several seconds. "Call round for
what I" he said at last.
"Why, my eountry, of course," I
aald. "I've been and fought for It
and won, and now I want it, I want
to livo in it."
Enlightenment beamed from his
face. "Oh, of course," he said,
"you want a house."
"Exactly," I nodded. "A semidetached villa with a kitchen, two
sitting rooms and three bedrooms,
eto., is what I was used to before
the war, and I nlso want a situation
that will enablo me to decently furnish and koep up such a house."
Before I had flnishod he had
touched a boll and asked to soe Lord
Land. "We have a housing scheme
in hand," ho said, "and Lord Land
is in charge of it."
Lord Land proved to be n gentleman vory similar in proportions to
tho governmont; perhaps stouter and
not such a worried look with htm.
"This," said the government, bf
way of introduction, "is the brave
aad galluut fellow who has helped
ua to win the war." Lord Land
nodded, und I acknowledged the
compliment.
"Now," continued the government, "ho wants a houso to live in.
Whit eon we do for him!"
"Ah I that's a question," said his
lordship. "Houbos and land are
very scarce juat now, you know, but
we shall have our scheme ready in
.flew months, and then I dare say
in about two years we shall be nblo
to* accommodate you."
'"Whew!—and what do I do in
the, meantime!" I asked. Lord Land
begun to rub his hands, and ro-
mjnu^.1 me of Mrs. Fozziwig, in so
far as he was "one vast, substantial
smile."
•!-**Wo have just a few houses," he
said confidentially, "whioh you
could either buy or rent and live in
along with your friends."
"<8uyl Rent! Livo in with my
friends!" I exclaimed. "That was
it then. I've fought for my country
and won, and now I 've to pay somebody else for tho right to live in it."
I must have givon utterance to my
thoughts, for his lordship left off
rubbing his hands nud his smilo grow
loss expansive,
" Woll—ah—woll, it is your country in a souse," he said, "but, of
oourse, those wbo—er—own the land
expect you to pay them if you want
to live in it."
"Do they!" I snapped. "Woll,
seeing that I've fought th. Germans for it, who nevor had it, will
yon tell me why I shouldn't light
yon for it now.''/
But hia lordship only gasped for
answer.  So I left him.
—W. B. S. in Th. Labor Loader.
CANADIAN NOTES
Oaln 44-hour Week
Montreal—The   Pattern   Makers
Union hu established the 44-hour
week.
Painters Win Increase
Toronto—Tho strike of the painters, decorators and paper hangers
terminated successfully and a rato
of 65 cents an hour is established,
nil contracting painters falling in
Hne,
Want An Eight-Hour Day
Toronto—The Street Bailway Em-
ployees Union has notified the Toronto Bailway Company that after
June 18 it will insist on putting in
force the straight eight-hour day, a
55-cent an hour soale and time and
a half for overtime.
Action Beconsidered
Quebec — The Brotherhood of
Bookbinders Union mado a request
for a wage increase and was turned
down by their employers. A strike
resulted. Now the increase is put in
thoir envelopes each week.
Reporter! Organise Union
Montreal — Reporters on the
French and English newspapers
have organizod . union with a char*
tor from the International Typographical Union. This is the flrst
newspaper writers union formed in
Canada. The purposes are: "To promote the professional and genoral
interests ef the members by encouraging a higher professional standard, by raising the rate of remuneration, by regulating th. hours oT
work, and by providing ovortime
and special work."
Big Co-op. Business
Prince Albert—In tho fiscal year
ended August, 1018, the United
Grain Growors and the Saskateho*
wan Co-operative Elevator Company
did a gross business of 1102,000,000.
Tho major part of this business was
the handling of 20,870,872 bushels of
grain from tho timo it left thc spout
of the thresher to the time it got to
the mill or on board ship for export, The company also handles
live stock, sells farm supplies and
operates a real estate agency. It
leases a terminal olovator of 2,500,-
000 bushels capacity at Port William and has 343 elevator* in three
provinces,
Japan, Italy, Frnnee* "Great Brit*
ain and the Unitod States ure busy
preparing to "conquer" foreign
markots; to "control" undeveloped
countries, and to "exploit" virgin
resources, Thore ie no "by your
leave." The peoples of the countrios ar. not eonsulted.
tlon. Importations, and the middleman's profits will be eliminated, and
the people will be satisfied. Metaphorically speaking, tke cud. will
then have been thrown upon the na*
tlonal table, and honest men will b.
elected to servo an honeit purpose,
which we as contributing citizens to
a oommon cause, national economy
and efficiency have a right to expect and demand.
Why should  this  community not
bo the one to set tho pace for ideal
govornment and tho solution of na-
f tional problems! Why not be "lift-
ors" instead of "Ieanerst"
Don't lose your heads. Let your
machine guns speak words of wisdom and truth instead of volleys of
lead, nnd we will hav. nothing *
few.
DRUGS AT SFIOIAL
OUT RATE PRIOES
flllDAT   AMD   8AT0BDAT
.SB Freeione  . .SS
1.00 Suiatsd Iron  ««
.85 Fletcher's Clitoris   .84
.35 Reid'B Amies Ointment. .IB
.50 Emnltitled Coeosnut 01].. .94
.80 Reld's f.eztm. Ointment. .16
.50 Zam   Buck  .3.
.35 Peroxide Tooth Pule 1.
.50 Bb*/ Rum  SS
1.00 Syrup of HrpophoauhitOB .62
.60 Brilllsnllne  !6
.75 Liquid Petrolatum, 1 lb... .46
.50 t'errish's Chemleel Food .66
.50 Keetoa's  Kjrup  SB
.30 Star Hand Cleaner IS
**5 *?_-•_ SiTt.  „ SI
1.00 Bitro Pliosphates  66
.50 Oln rills  36
.50 Orehard While  86
.50 Pel,,™  Tooth   Paste    ... .91
.36 Tls Coot Tablets  .IS
.30 Aspirin Tablets, 1 dot 16
.36 Meniien'n Talcnin  14
.50 Mennen's Shaving Cream .16
(War Tm Extra where required)
Ens Preservative, 3 Ib. tins make
3 gallons; special, -6c.
Vancouver Drug Co.
LIMITED
The Original   Out-BiU   Drofflsts
ol ths Olty
MAIN STOBB
7 Hutlnft St. W. Ser. 3683
782  .ranrlile Ser.  7.16
BBAVCH -STORES
7 Hastings St. W. Sir. 3583
782 OranviUe Say. 7618
413 Main St. tty. MSI
1700 Commercial Drive
High.   235 and  1733-0
Oor. Granville snd Broadway
Bay. 2311 and 17M-0
UNION MEN ARE
MADE WELCOME
—AT THE—
Bank
Buffet
Soft Drinks and
Fresh  Cool Beer.
The right treatment
and best service.
If you want the best
quick lunch in the
city give us a trial.
Ex-Sergt. Forestell
Corner Hastings and
Homer
Your Money'.  Worth—
What?
"Oold M • bull of txchtbM
lui utterlr failed. . . TBI
KQUITlffT we that tho anil
must bo ono hour of adult humta
labor. ... Ad honr for hoar
purohasiiig unit. Wo rti.onirai-.n4
our raadera to itudy THE EQUI*
T18T plan."—Winnipeg Wfitera
Labor Ncwi,
THE EQUITIST
61.00 a year; 61*66 outside Ua
U.S. Boa 96, Loafbra-cb, Wash.
D...A.
10 Sub. Cards
8ood for one year's labBcHptlon to Th#
. 0. IVdenilioiiiit. will ba mailed to
any address In 'Canadft for 9It.50.
(Qooi anywhere outside of Vancoavti
elty.)   Order ten today.  Remit whon sold.
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Vancouver—the
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law Will Allow
We deserve Trade Unleu P_tronage
JJo. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St. West, or        622 Pender West
' Pitronizo Federationist   ml ver tin-
orit
CANADIAN NATIONAL RAILWAYS
THE NEW CANADIAN ROUTE
THROTOH Mount Robson end Jssper Psrks across thn prniries
throngli tlie most fertile grain belt in the world to Winnipeg,
Toronto, Ottnwa, Montreal and Qtfobco.
CONNECTIONS at Winnipeg aud Duluth for Centrnl States, at
Toronto and Montreal for Eastern States nnd Atlantic ports.
FINEST TRAINS, Electric lighted, Btandurd and Tourist Sleeping Care, also Dining Cars.
For Rates, Tickets, Literature and Information, appljr t.
ASSISTANT OENBRAL FAMHVCWB AOENT
605 Hastings St. W„ Vancouver, B. O. Phase Sejjnour 8432 PAGE SIX
blbventh TCAB, N.. ts     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vaxcotveb, b. a
FRIDAY...
...Jul. 6, 1619
r
We Eliminate
the Middleman
Prices are becoming such an important factor
that it behooves every man and woman to pay
more attention to what they get for their money
when buying foodstuffs.
THE CAL-VAN MARKET ELIMINATES the profits of
the middlemen. It delivers to you the Foodstuffs—Fish
from the sea, Produce from the gardens of British Columbia, Fruits from the sunny Okanagan and southern
California, and the Meats from the cattle-raisers, of the
Prairies. It saves you pennies, nickels, dimes, quarters
and dollars. To buy your week's supply at the CAL-VAN
MARKET will absolutely mean a saving of at least one-»
quarter of yonr usual expenditure.
All Oan Stop at the Door
CAL-VAN MARKET
Hutlngi St.
Opposite Pantages
Dictatorship of the Proletariat
has a terrible sound but did you
ever stop te think that beneath the
workera there is ne elass that can
ke exploited. Any dictatorship established by the workers will be
enly during the transition stage be
tween two contending forms of social production. When industrial
democracy has once been firmly established there will bo a condition
where no ono ean live by means of
interest, rent or profit and that will
moan the end of class rule and the
abolition of elasscs,
For Reliable Footwear
Union Made Goods
-AT-
Woods, Ltd.
The Shoe People
160 Cordova Street West
Men's Dress Boots
F. W. Slater, Stricter, Astoria, Leckie, Murray, Oresh-
sm, in Tan and Black Calf Leathers, $8.00 to $10.00.
i Men'* Work Boots, $5.00 to $8.00 '
"StseUts" solid leather boots for boys and girls, "There's double
tke wear in every pair,"
Special prices on outing Shoes for tbt whole family
Mainland
Cigar Store
THE FIRST UNION CIGAR STORE IN
VANCOUVER
310 Carral Street
THE PLACE FOR PIPES
When you need a pipe look at our
selection, and we feel sure you will
be satisfied as to both quality and
value. We guarantee every pipe
over 50 cents to give entire satisfaction to you.
Oh, yes, we still give matches away
Semi-ready
Tailoring
"The survival of the fittest is to be
■oen in business evory day — for the
business which is not founded on the
right comer stone soon disappears.
"Semi-ready tailoring approaches its
Silver anniversary. For a quarter century it hftB been tho one progressive and
aggressivo wholesale tailoring organisation which pleads for conservation nnd
stands for good old British stability and
.dependability. Ono can travel from
Hong Kong to London nnd bc drossed
in good form with t. Semi-ready tailored
design—for it's cosmopolitan,
"Semi-ready was launched in 3805.
Good things survive.
"The price label is in thc pocket—
the aame price weBt as oust — whicb
means a lot today when clothes cost ao
much more than they ought to.'I
Thomas & McBain
Solo Local, Agents,
660   GRANVILLE
Epidemic Causes Trouble
—Seamen Demand
Protection
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Speeial Australian Representative)
For the last ten weeks—that is,
aince the end of January last, the
seamen in Australia have been engaged in a fight against the shipping
companies for the purpose of securing compensation for the seamen
who may contract pneumonic influenza through trading to an infected
port, and resulting in death. Every
effort has been made by tho Seamen's Union to bring the dispute to
a satisfactory settlement, but so far
without success. The knen are demanding increased wages, better
conditions, pay while sick with, epidemic, and compensation up to
$2500 in the event of death.
So far the only concession offered
by tho shipowners is that of providing medical attendance, and main-
taining any seamen who may contract the disease whilst on service,
but this concession on the - part of
the shipping bosses turns out to be
no concession at all, as it is already
provided for in the Merchant Shipping Act, which lays down that any
seaman incurring illness while carrying out his duties, must 'be cared
for until he is well, dies, or returned
to a proper return port/
In Queensland, the seamen aro
out on strike over the matter, and
have passed a resolution to the effect
that they will not man any ships
sailing to infected ports until the
demands relating to insurance are
granted. The injustice of this refusal on the part of the shipowners
to insure the seamen against the
ravages of the disease is apparent to
everybody who is not blinded by
prejudice or interested in profit-
making business of shipping trade.
There nave been far too many cases
recorded of members of the Seamen's Union who in the execution
of their work on board ship, have
boen seized by tho plague, died and
thus left their dependents to the tender mercies of a world rendered callous—penniless and unprovided for.
The necessary and humane provi-
<t.an* ilimtniwli'il hy *hi» senmen have
been recognized and conceded by the
Union Steamship Company of New
Zealand, and the Canadian-Australian Steamship line ,and several
other shipping firms, but is denied
by the powerful companies of the
shipping combine, which in war,
peace, plague or no plague, continued to reap a rich harvest of profits,
indifferent as to who suffers or what
principle of humanity is outraged in
the procoss.
The conditions under which the
seamen live aboard ship in Australian waters have been revealed during the course of the influenza epidemic to be nothing short of scandalous. Thoir living quarters are not
fit for pigs to house in, unhealthy,
and an offenco against common decency—not forgetting a hot-bed of
infection for diseases of all descriptions. Because tho shipping companies have not attempted to rectify
this state of things, the epidemic
now sweeping tho world hns tnken
a heavy toll of the seamen 'employed on ships trading to and from
Australia., Where the epidemic has
broken out aboard the vessels, it has
simply swept through the entire
before it has let-tip, often taking a
fearful toll of life.
During the war, the capitalistic
pross used to citol the courage, endurance and self-sacrifice of the seamen—which, of, course; was true
enough. Today, now that the war is
over, tho shipping combine, which
has fattened on profits as never before, refusos to. even.insure the men
against a deadly disease.
Bed Tlag Still Being Persecuted In
Australia
Although the war is at an end,
and according to schedule wc should
have a large measure of democracy
in Australia, thero docs not seem to
be any intention on the part of the
capitalistic' commonwealth government of that country to release any
of its autocratic hold on the poople.
If anything, military autocracy is
worse today than in the days when
the war was on. The excuso is that
we are now passing through a dangerous poriod and that if license
woro allowed tho rebel and Bolsheviki element may cause serious
troublo. Which indicates, if it indicates anything at all, that the anti-
labor governments and those they
support aro extremely afraid of the
revolutionary movemont steadily permeating even Australia.
War precaution regulations are
grudgingly remitted, but no attempt is made to remit those which
vitally affect tho liberties of the
people. About the only regulations
that have been remitted aro those
allowing for greater eiploitation of
the people by tho food profiteers.
Laborites* and Socialists are still
being prosecuted for flying the red
flag in Australia, though in every
instance where a prosecution has
been lodged those accused of offend
ing the law have refused to pay any
fines or sign an undertaking to refrain from flying the red emblem.
They havo been content to go to
jnil rather than sacrifice their principles. During the months of March
and April the .prosecutions against
Laborites and Socialists in Australia
were fairly numerous.
On the othor hand, tho government
has laid it down that boforo nny
labor processions will be sanctioned
the British flag must be carried at
tho head of tho procession. This has
resulted in most of tho labor processions in Australia being abandoned.
It is interesting to note lhat at
the last conforcuco of Australian
labor the red flag was decided upon
as labor's emblem for tho future,
displacing tho blue flag which
hitherto was the emblem of labor in
Australia. It was aftor this decision that the pro-war Australian government banned tho red flag in Australia,
OmCIAL SOVIET FIGURES
6? PRODUCTION IN RUSSIA
Worken in BflNfe Produce ae Muck
in 8 Hours aa tkey Did In
10 Before the War
A.Lomov, reporting on "The Productivity of Bussian Labor" in Tho
Nation of May 17, gives official
soviet figures. He admits that productivity since the Bolshovik revolution has been less than before the
war, in most factories, but he
charges this to lack of fuel, materials, lack of machinery, weakness
of the workers from lack of proper
food and counter revolution.
Figures showing produetion Bince
the soviets took power and the factories were taken over by the workers and managed by committees of
workers, are given in the article. In
some cases the production has increased 160 per cent, and in a few,
where materials an dequipment were
adequate, production undor the 8-
hour day has equalled that of the
10-hour day in 1910, when there was
no war and Bussia had the whole
world to draw upon for equipment
and information.
,Mr. Lomov attributes tho success
of working class management of
factories to the fact that under that
system all workers are interested
and act as owners and put spirit
and loyalty into the job, with the
knowledge tbat the increased product cannot be used to eprich a few
men.
Whole People Benefit
On this question Mr. Lomov gays:
"It is necessnry to note thc psychological as well as the economic significance for tho workers of the nationalization of industry.
"From the moment of the.transfer of industries into the hands of
the soviet government -tho workor no
longer labors for tho benefit of a
capitalist but for that of the whole
republic of proletarians and poor
peasants. If, until nationalization,
the worker could not havo sufficient
incentive to increase the intensity
of labor, to manifest particular efficiency, from the moment of workers'
control everything' changes radically.
"Upon tho worker now depends
the .finding of raw materials and
fuel, the obtaining of orders, the
delivery of the products, the financing of production and the payment
of tho workers.
"The deep significance of the October revolution, as prompted by the
class feeling of the workers, lies in
nationalization, which is passing
into socialization, of the whole industry."
ABOlIIr
UPPER HOUSE
—  -f-iii,
Australia Is Cursed With
a Non Elective Legislative Body   -"',
[By W. Francis Ahern]-t «<
The Australian States, likelier
parts of tto British Empire, h»vc
two parliamentary chambers—a
lower elective chamber, and an upper nominees chambor. For a considerable timo thero has been wholesale opposition to the nominee chambers in tho various states, and there
havo beon various suggestions put
forward to abolish them.
For somo time past a committee,
appointed by the Now South "Wales
branch of tho Australian Lubor
Party has been at work formulating
a schemo for abolishing tho upper or
nominee chambor in the parliament
of Now South Walos. The scheme
that has been arrived at, and which
will probably be put into oporation
when tho Labor Party gains control
of tho government of the state, is as
follows:
1, Prior to the next elections, the
governor to be informed by representatives of tho Labor Party that
tho party intends to make the abolition of the upper house the main
item of. its campaign programmo,
nnd if returnod to powor with a majority of parliamentary members,
will at onco proceed to givo effect
to that policy.
2. Immediately upon tho formation of a Labor governmont ,a bill
for tho foregoing purposo will bo
passed through tho assembly (or
elective chamber), and if rejected
by tho legislative council ,or nomi-
nco chamber), the governmont will
demand tho appointment of a sufficient numbor of Labor nominees
pledged to support -the abolition of
the conncil to secure a majority vote
for that purposo at every stage of
the measure until it is anally pas
sod.
8, In the event of the governor
refusing to mako the required number of appointments, a cable be sent
to tho Imporial (British) government, requesting that the governor
bo at once instructed to comply with
the advice of his ministers. Such a
cable to intimate to the Imperial
government that, failing such instructions to the governor, the par.
Ilament Intends to govern th#'stato
without furthor reference to tho'no*
mince chamber. t11*?-1
4. If the required appointiaonts
are made by tho Governor and'the
bill for abolition carried through
both Houses, and the Governor's assent be then refused, the imperial
government bo informed thati thc
governmont intends to carry on all
tho functions of Parliament (without further reforence to th»»n0m-
inee Chamber. '*' ■
PARTY MEETS
Many Important Matters
Are Dealt With by
Australian Labor
[By Francis Ahern]
The annual conferonco of the Victorian state branch of the Australian Labor Party was hold at Melbourne, April 18 to 22 laat. Nearly
200 delegates presented credentials,
while there wob also a goodly attendance of labor parliamentary
members.
Thc flrst day was devoted to a
speech by the president (Mr. J. H.
Scullin), in which the work of tho
past year was reviewed, and projects for tho future outlined. Fully
day was taken up in discussing
matters connected with militarism.
The conference showed itself to be
opposed to militarism in every
shape and form, and the methods of
waging war wore genorally and
roundly condemned by delegates. It
was decided by a majority vote that
when labor got to power again in
Australia a movo would be made
to delete the compulsory clauses of
the Australian defence act.
Motions were also carried approving of tho extension of tho franchise to all persons over the ago of
18; that a scheme for unification
of the various Btate governments bo
drafted and submitted to the peoplo of Australia for ratification at
an early date; that thc unicameral
system of parliamentary government, with the initiative and referendum be adopted in Australia;
that nationalization of aU assur-
?, financial and banking institutions be made a foremost plank
of tho fighting platform of the Australian Labor Party; that shipping
nationalized, and that a vote be
taken to elect two representatives
to represent Australian labor at international conferences.
On the third day it was decided
that every endeavor be made without delay to have the present starvation allowance granted to old-age
and invalid pensioners increased;
that an adequate standard of subsistence bo provided, with invalidity, maternity, sickness, unemployment aud old-age pensions, as
well as a system of widows' and
children's pensions, and thnt Labor
members be pledged to support such
shorter hours of labor aB may from
time to time be decided upon by
representative industrial conferences.
For two days the conference debated the work to be performed
when Lubor was roturned to power
in Australia. It was agreed that
no measure which abrogated the
rights or duties of Parliament bo
passed by Parliament; that a board
of inquiry be appointed by .the first
federal labor government to investigate thc caso of all porsons who
have suffered under tho War Precautions act, tho Unlawful Associations act, or similar legislation
aimed against tho workers with a
view to having justico done and
compensation paid to the sufferers,
and that the conference protost
against the deportation of any person from Australia for politicnl or
industrial offences.
Other resolutions of thre conferenco urged that the Arbitration act
bo amended for unqualified preference to unionists; that nn emphatic
protest be lodged against tho jailing
of persons for flying the red flag,
ond a demand mado for thc releaso
of all men jailed for so doing; that
capital punishment bo abolished as
barbarous and un-Christian, and
that ways and means be devised
whereby labor papers could get a
cable servico of their own which
would not display anti-labor bias,
BIO MASS MBETINO PRECEDES STRIKE IN OITT.
(Continued from pago 3)
HATS FOR
Jap Panamas, $3.00
This hat has all the.style that a young man wants in his Panama. Carefully
bleached and trimmed. Brims with Sat' edges or pencil curl; all # O t\(\
sizes.    Price — *-—.  W«W
Formosan Panama Hats, $2.25
This hat is made of Formosan fibre and plaited in the regular Panama way. It
is a natural white and will not soil bb easily as the breached hats. A A OH
Comes in two of the most popular shapes; sizes 6% to 7%, at  fMMV
South American Panamas
Those are the genuine Panama hats made from South American pain fibre.
Two grades in the regulation Panama shape and several new #flf AA
blocks* sizes 6% to 7%   Prices $5.00 and     <*P'# »VW
Every Good Kind of Outing Shirt for Men
NO BETTER VALUE ANYWHERE
White pique shirts, also white hair-cord stripes,
with collar attached, for 11.00
Plain white ropp 11.46
Fancy striped vestings and madras, at $1.60
Heavy whito ducks ond drills J2.00
Men's Socks for Summer Wear
Silk Lustre in black and white only; 3 pairs
for 11.00
Silk Lisle in groy, tan and fawn; pair... 60c
Fibre  Silk,  splondid for  summer wear;  pair
for 60c
Fine Cashmere Socks in white; pair 60c and 86c
White and Tan Books with fancy stripes, silk
lisle; per pair .76c
Auto Gauntlets
A very good glove in black sheepskin; very serviceable; pair $1.76
Fine quality blaek cape gauntlet with strap fastener; pair - $4.80
Tan gauntlets with nnd without fringes, $2.36,
$3.00, $3.60, $160 and $4.86.
Shirts in cream, blue and grey; also fancy stripe
patterns .........$1.60
Fino cambrics in fancy stripes  .$8.00
Fancy stripe silk shirts .....$8.80, $8.60
White and pongee silk with loose coUir or re-
versiblo collar,-, $3,78 to $5.00
Wash Ties
Newest stripe and brocade effects from New
York; tubular and reversible; eaoh 86c, 88c
and ............80c
Soft Collars
Plain white and a varioty of fancy stripe., newest shapes, in cotton and silk; eaeh. Mc, SBC,
40c and   80c
Men's Leather Belts
Are here in a most exhaustive selection; black,
tan, grey and fancy stripe; each 60c, 76c,
$1.00 and  ._ .._.$__»
Blaek leather bolts with oiidized silver initial
buckle; each   ...$1,50
David Spencer, Limited
I
SAVE BANKRUPT EUROPE
Must Finance Governments to Check Bolshevism
Vanderlip Says All World
Is a "Paralyzed
Industry"
The differenco betwoen the polit-
i-Wlly and the economically minded
man has rarely been more instructively illustrated than in the contrast between President Wilson and
his Paris conferers on tho ono hand
and Mr. Frank A. Vanderlip, prosidont of the National City bank, on
the other. Tho peace conferonco hus
sat in Paris for five months quarreling over boundaries and reparations and mandates nnd a league of
armed nations, twisting and turning,
seeking by compromises and evasions to avoid confession of financinl and moral bankruptcy. Mr. Vanderlip has spont three months travelling all over Europe and ho returns
to speak thua to Now York's busi-
Contentment is a wonderful thing!
The Haves support tho presont system, because they are contented
with what they havo. The ignorant
Havenots support the prosent system, because they aro contented
with wbat they have not.
Ask your grocer if his clerks are
in the unioni
Bohold, we have toiled anff Worried and wrought, and now we'have
a rich country full of poor peoJM.
Trom Old London town comes the
nows that cable operators are demanding a six hour day. To the
banker who works about four nnd
to many other capitalistic heads
who work less, the six hour day
seems very ridiculous. Tes . But
it will not bo ridiculous for it is
coining.
Just now there are several people
essaying to decide, amongst other
things, the economic destiny of the
world. But these wiseacres are forgetting one thing: The Labor
Movement. And when they forget
tbat, they forget the mont vital and
potential thing on earth. Le them
issue their edicts. We of the working class will decide our own future.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
going to bo as hard for him to get
a job as it is to get a pension, he
is going to starve to death on the
skid-road." The problom could not
be settled by finding $7,000 a year
jobs for Sam-Browne-belted officers.
(Hoar, hear.) As to the other pub-
He servants, thoy had already boon
twice "fired" and takon back—
"and paid for the time thoy woro
supposed to be fired." (Laughter
and applause.)
As for the "sackcloth and ashes"
that Gideon Robertson spoke of, tho
speaker suggested that tho ashes
might bo found in the same hole that
the aforesaid Oid himself was dug
out of. To his "Come over and
help us," the "Almighty Priest of
Labor," Sam Gompers, had in effoct
replied: "Mind your own business;
I've got onough to do on this side
of tho line." However, if Bobertson could appeal to $ammy (Laughter) nnd wipe out that imaginary
line, "we can appeal to those slaves
who are already in revolt against
Sammy." (Applause.) Likewise, if
the government of Canada could appeal to the government of England,
the workers could appeal to the peoplo of England. Bobertson did not
like tho look of things in Western
Canada, and would not allow this
kind of collective bargaining; yet he
never said a word about it when
dealing with the Metal Trades Coun
cil in collective bargaining in Vancouver,
The speaker reminded his hearers
that it would devolve upon them to
"maintain order"; the ruling class
were nlways willing to rely on somo-
body olse. Had the government
stayed out of it altogether ,there
would have been no conflagration
such as they saw in Western Cnnada. Their comrades were in the
fight, and it was now a question of
standing by them and, if necessary,
going down with them—or, later,
going down by themselves. His advice was: "If you aro going to
drown—drown splashing!" (Great
applause.)
The chairman now announced that
the privilege of the platform had
been asked by a returnod man (Ap.
plause), which privilege tho chair
took great pleasure in granting. Ed.
Johnson waa tho returned man, nnd
he did not mince his words ubout
those who "are living on your hides
and upon your energy and your
sweat." It was a world-wide problem of wbo was going to be tho
master—the majority or tho minority; "whether these men are going
to dictoto to you and make your
lives a living hell, as it has been."
The returned soldior was no different
to any ono of thom. "Wo havo all
the same problem: Aro we going to
live or starve f" As ono who had
been overseas and know what ho was
talking about, he declared: "The
man who is against the Bolsheviki
of Bussia—he is no good. (Applause.) He also stated that "85
per eont of tho returned soldiers of
Vancouver and tho outlying districts
is with the laboring pooplo of this
citv." (Furthor applause.) Ho counselled: "Got together with the returned men; mako this your final
fight. Whether you go down or unstick to it; stick to it!" (Loud applause.)
A collection of $279 was taken up
merely for tho expenses of the meeting. Tho striko waB declared by a
majority both of votes and of organizations, certain trades being excepted. Striko news was to be given
to the press, signed by the Striko
Committee. As to anything not so
signed, the secretary advised. "Do
not beliove it.'' (Emphatic applause.)
ness mon, assembled at a meeting
of tho Economic club:
I believe it is possible that there
may be lot loose in Europe forces
that will be more terribly destructive than have been thc forces of
the great war. I believe we cnn
probably save the situation from
anything as fearful as that. If I
did not believe it, I would hesitate
to say what I shall about conditions.
If I were to try to put into words
what I sum up as thc most essential
thing to grasp ubout tho situation
in Europe, the two words would be
"Paralyzed industry." There is an
idleness, thero is a lack of production throughout Europe, and indeed
in Knglund, that you cnn hardly
comprehend. Thero is a difficulty
nbout a resumption of work on or-
dinnry peaco affairs that I think nobody could bo mnde to comprehend
that did not see it on tho ground.
Is it hopeless, or cnn wo do something about itf We have got to do
something about it. If wo do not,
it will do something about us. Well,
what can we dol I do not believo
that wo can furnish the credit to
rehnbiliato the governmental credits
of Europo. Many of them nro too
badly involved already. I do believe
thut wo must furnish thoso things
that are essential to tho restarting
of industry in Europe. It will not
do to uso thc usunl methods of money-lenders, pick out the best security and say we will take a chanco
on this nnd lot the vest go. Wo have
got to loan in the measure of the
necessity rather thnn in tbo measure of security, becnuso thero is no
socurity anywhere as long as you
will have pnrt of Europo idlo, in
want and hunger, rendy for Bolshevism, ready for Borno uprising, something that will better their condition, and I want to tell you that
there is a minority in overy count!
in Europe, an activo minority, th
bcliovo in rf programme for the n
setting of sooial order.
Tho Women on the Index
The Empress Stock Co. is preset:
ing one of the biggest plays of tl
year, for its next week's offerin
and ono which will be extremely o
of tho ordinary, for "The Womi
on the Index" is just as mysterio
as tho title suggests. "The Womi
on thc Index" is the very latest i
lease of the season of 1918-19 fre
tho crop of Broadway shows. It w
writton by one of tho very best
our American playwrights, Mr. G<
Broadhurst, and produced by a pre
tically all-star cast' at tho 48
Stroet theatre, *
Favor Six-hour Day
Louisville, Ky.—Delegates to t
annual meoting of the Amalgamate
Association of Iron, Steel and T
Workers have votod unanimously
favor of a resolution to reduce t
working hours a day with, a view
providing sufficient work to ta
care of tho men in the army a:
navy service who are being return
to civilian life.
Fined for Striking
Sydney,  N.  S.  W.—Justice   K
munds, iu a reserved judgment und
tho Industrial  Arbitration  Act,
connection with what he designnt
as an illegal strike of certain mc:
bers of tho Union of Piano Frai
Molders and Stove Makers, impos
a pennlty of $50 with costs.    T
union was ordered to pay $50 fine
each member involved in the stril
Tho justice said that union officio
when thoy had failed to prevent
illegal striko, had taken no steps
condemn it.
We carry a full line of
Mechanics Tools
AH grades.  Agents for SIMONDS' SAWS.
J. A. Flett, Limited
339 HASTINGS WEST
<0£e Qualify Ci^ar
EL DORO
Ideal Size
cL For ^10
Majestic Size
15* .
I
In co me
tAebestUnionMade Cigar 4 For2 5
4 (DAT..
...Juno 8, 1919
eleventh YEAB, No. 'a      THE BRTTISH COLUMBIA^FEDERAITONIST      vancocvbb, a ci
PAGE SEVEN-
dffering $1.25, $1.50,
$2.00 and $2.50 at
Small Price of   -   -
9&
, Hundreds of them to start the sale with but with
the demand for new Summer Shirts now at its
height, early shopping will be necessary if you
would get your correct size and the best choice
of patterns.
The collection is made up of Travellers' samples,
Manufacturers' odd lines and oddments from
regular stock, all grouped together to make the
greatest shirt t?vent in this store's history.
Every shirt is coat-cut, negligee style, made
from dependable cambrics, percales and woven
stripe Madras—and with these are a few outing and work shirts. Every shirt regulation
size and in good condition. Sizes 14 to If
Positively the greatest shirt sale this store Has
held in many months. Actual values to QQ
$2.60.   Sale price :.... -.„.■■ "oC
pjcjii? Tjudsuns fimj (fomjmmj pj
OranviUe and Georgia Streets
X. B. OTJTHBSBTSON * Oo.
Mea'e Hnttere ud Outfittm
611 _-—At RmtlM
Phon* aay. a$l     Bay or Sight
Ifoaa, Thonuon & Clefj
nmuL sxukjtobi
sn Hoan St Vanconver, B. 0.
•ATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
—**
facroy    _
Named thoee are frequently made
ia Non-union faotoriea
DO NOT BUT ANY SHOE
No matter what its name, unless
it bears a plain and readable impression of this UNION STAMP.
All Shots without the UMIOS STAMP are always Non-union
De aet accept 119 ezcuie tet Abwaoe of the Union Stamp
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
SM SUMMER STEEET, BOSTON, MASS.
OOLW LOVBLT, General Praaident—CHA8. L. BAINB, Oeaeril Sec.-Treas.
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
For your kitchen—Wellington Nat
Kitchen, furnace and grate—WelBnfton Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump—Comox Nut—Comox Pea
(fry onr Pet Ooal for your underfeed furnace)
COAL
MACDONALD-MARPOLE CO.
LIMITED
1001 MAIN STBBBT Phone Bey. 310
tTRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
ONE OF THE FINEST TONICS
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
Everyone knows that oheap goods can only be proourod
by using oheap materials and employing cheap labor.
CASCADE BEER
is. produced from the highest grade materials procurable
■—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED
bot Remit-*-.ee« that we
»*Ave   Ttf.S.    So HOP TO    IT
Turner* Beeton
& Company, Limited
WHOLBSALB MERCHANTS AND HBPOBTBBS   '
Dry Ooods, Oent*' Furnishings
VIOTOBIA, B. 0
.MANUFACTURERS OP "BIG HORN" BRAND
SHIRTS, OVERALLS, Eto.
Factory organlied under "United Garment Worken ef America"
IF THEY DAR6 *$ USE   IT ?
A False Flea <
Editor B. C. Federationist: It waa
amusing to read in last week's correspondence a plea, against unionism
by a locul merchant. He wanted, to
sell his labor for handling hoots at a
less price than the majority thought
was reasonable. But has it ever occurred to him the rottenness, of the
system which places three boot
stores within a bloek of oach other
for which the producer must pay.
rent, labor, interest, taxes, advortis.-
ing, etc., etc. Most small merchandise eould be sold by machinery, and
for all the good the majority of merchants, clerks, brokers, etc., etc., are
to tho community, thoy might aa
well bs sitting on tho seashore.
J. P. LAWSON.
119 Fifth Avenue.
Tit-Bits from Maoriland.
Editor B. C. Federationist: Well,
hero we are in tho most patriotic of British dominions. We
thought the Canadian government
was autocratic, didn't wot So it is,
but here in Now Zealand it haa beon
even worse. Isolated as it is from
the rest ef the world, its only moans
of communication being by cable
and* vessel, keeping tho people in ignorance of old world happenings has
been comparatively easy, and ably
assisted by the lying press, ths common people have only got what news
and information their masters desired thoy should have.
Howover, things are Improving in
this direction, and nearly every
steamer touching theae shores lands
somo passenger with news and literature which escapes the vlgilanco of
the customs.
The organized' Labor movement is
vory'backward. Thoy still stiok to
the arbitration ovil. As a consequence, the workere have been unable to hold even a little bit of their
own with tho H. C. L.
At the same time, there is a growing discontent with the arbitration
court, and its decisions and the time
is undoubtedly ripo for a change,
That the Intelligent workers realise
this Is evident by the fact that
movement Is underway to form one
union in the building trades, I hone
later to record the success of this
movement. '
Politically, the workers are weak,
but are waking up, if one is to judge
by the election with in the past eighteen months of three of New Zealand's best Laborites—Harry Holland, Bob Semple and P. Fraser, all
of whom sorvedi time in the National
Hotel for sedition, previous to their,
eleetion. With the prohibition issue
otn of the way, Labor is in a good
position to conduot a strong campaign and this they are doing. A
genoral election is expected as soon
as the big squeezes roturn from the
peace conference, where they are doing nothing expect show the people,
how small thoy roally are.
Prohibition loses by several thousand votes. The soldiers being the
deciding factor, and thoy voted 4 to
1 for continuance. Tho Issue was,
prohibition with compensation to
the tune of four and a half million
pounds, and continuance. 'Tis said
the brewers hoped it would carry.
And why shouldn't they, with four
and a held million pounds to divvy
upf
The church crowd are quite upsst
at the soldiers loss of morals in voting to keep New Zealand wet. Incidentally, these same church people
wero the most patriotic and prowor
crowd in the dominion, and as usual
ardent advocates of conscription.
Wonder how many of those soldiers
voted wet to get oven with the wow-
scrat (Prohibitionists, church goers
and conscriptionists.)
Last February the Auckland
Btreet Railwaymen made a direct
demand (not through the arbitration
court) upon their employors for an
increase of wages, whioh wah refused,', whereupon they struck on the
job. Adopted the go-slow polioy,
and for two days the Auckland and
suburban publio had a taste of what
the go-slow polioy meant to them.
'Twas-vesy interesting and instructive. The men were most polite; ln
fact over polite should* be tho word,
and observed the rules to thc lotter.
Once in a while a motorman would
forget himself and let *'er. go as
usual, only to bo held* up b-f. the car
ahoad travelling at a snail's pace.
Tha result was nevor in doubt, and
nfter two days the company gave in.
The moral, ia, of course, why quit
tho job to strike. Theso Btreet Rail'
.raymen struck on the job, gained
their demands, and lost nothing do*
ng so.
Naturally there were those who
feared its offsets upon the workere'
morale, but once the demands woro
-•rui*..!*!, lbe -.ftln.mHV howlers <*.-*asad
heir waitings, their arguments of-
feettvely aaatittatt.
tko Labor Party's Sunday night
'mootings nr* always a big success.
Bob Semple always a good drawing
card, drew a big crowd thst'SUnday
(April 20)) evening at the opera
house, and delighted tho audience
by calling himself a double' Bolshevist. ■*'•■■
Pat Hickey .one-time organizer of
the Now Zealand Federation of Labor; "Tho Bod Fod.," and now general organizer for the Victoria State
Railway Workers* organization, divided ' the honors with Bob Semple.
Hickey was handed his passpotrs
during the 1916 strike, and was deported to' Australia, where the Railway Workors apparently found htm
very useful. Ho spoke one hour,
principally upon the political movement'in Australia, Among other
things ho stated that the Australian
Labor movement had benefited
greatly by the expulsion of those renegades who had ratted on conscription, and was now in a better and
stronger position" than ever in its
history. The one big onion movement waa making splendid progress'
and would succeed.
'Tis said the draft evaders in
Now Zealand number 3000. Of
courso, thoy ate horribly punished
by being disfranchised for a term of
years, If caught they got in addition two years imprisonment. Oh,
no, conscription isn't nearly as popular in Now Zoaland as lt used to be.
The arbitration court is deluged
with applications for increase in
wages. The profiteers are still going
strong ,and like Shylock of old, demand their pound of flesh and then
some.
In conclusion I want te congratulate the western conference opon its
decision. Wo shall watoh for its
success, and hope it is the birth of
the proletarian movement in
America.
E. STAPLES.
j of Vancouvor, as'they have
been notified by the company not
to send any more men, as there is
absolutely nothing-for us to'do; till
the'Wrenty-fifth'of June.    "'*■
Now, with* regard to work operating around' the cannery, fixing lip
— general is all done by the Japs;
While wo returned men, laying-idle,
running up a big store bill, which
will have to bo deducted from onr
catch', and'as wo aro all more or less
inexperienced in this fishing we
stand. _ good ohance of arriving
back at the end of the season in
Vancouver badly bent, but the experience will teach us a good lesion,
it is to be hoped.
And after reading your good literature in your weekly papers, we
roturned soldiers are beginning to
Realize that 'our patriotism must be
heart and soul with the laboring
movement, and not tha brass bands
and flag-waving profit patriots.
Ws remain your for the cause,
two returned soldiers on the job.
TWa RETURNED SOLDIERS.
i*iu.t)Es asd i*a'b6b Conircjir-Es-
ecutlrs committee: Prealdeat, B,
Winch; vice-preiident, J. KavMSfk'
treeeurar, J*. Knnwlei; lerge-nt-.t-.n-jl.
W. A. Afe.Bn.or* trustees. W. A. Prlt*
ohsrd, W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonnell, B.
OntterHH; Mcretsrjr, V. B. Mldiley,
Room JtlO Lsbor Temple* **
ALLIED .PBljmN-*" TBADKB   COOlP
oil—Meets   eecond   Mender * in    tbe
montb.   Preildent, J. P. McConnell; eec*
retsrr, R. H. Seelendi. P. 0. Boi 66.
JUUKNEJMKN   BARBERS*    INTERNA*
tlonel * Union of . America, Loul Mo.*
1.0—-Meete second and foarth Tuesdsys
ln tbe montb. Room 205 Lsbor Temple*
Preildent, O. E. Herrltt; secrete-*)-, S. H.
Oram, OOO Cemble Street.
The Sympathetic Strike.
tstttor   B. O.   Federationist:
In
Vsncouver Unions
BROTHERHOOD OP BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Sbip Builders and Helpen of
America. Vancouvor Lodge No. 19*—
Meets every Monday. 8 p.m. Preildent,
M. A. MoEeebem, 1215 liberal St.; sec*
reUrv'treaiaror, Angus Prsier, 1151
Howe Street; bnelneee sgent, J. A.
Moore, Boom 312 Lsbor Temple.
BRIDGE STRUCTURAL ORNAMENTAL
sad Reinforced Ironworkers, Looal 07
■Meeta  second   and. fonrtb   Mondays.
Pruldent Jss.  Hutlngi;  flnsnclsl  eec*
retary and treuorer, Roy H-sseeer, 1546
Htb Ave. Eut.
The Shanty-men's Ohrietinn
Aaaociation
Rock Bay, May M, Mill.
Editor B. C. Federatloniat.
Dear Sir: Ood is getting very
good to us, indeed. For two ef hla
supposed disciples are now spreading the good news amongst ua free
of charge. Just think, God is no
longer broke!
But I wonder if He ia not broke,
aa far as another nock of tho world
is concerned. Perhaps our employers want to crowd our Intellect with
that old dope now, freo of oharge,
a little faster. (Slaves, we'll give
you your pie in the sky.)
Hore wo ignored them altogether,
for we are class conscious enough
to know that thoy aro working for
the bonefit of our employer, not
ours. We wish to hear about ma*
terial things (realities); that comes
first. Let the spiritual bs a secondary matter.
Ood helps them that helps them
selves. For Instance, our employ*
ora have been helping themselves to
tho greater portion of the product
of our toil. How good He soems to
them, And I think its near time wo
have helped ourselves to tho full
product of our toil. And then Ood
will bo good, indood, to ui.
And, to our employor, Ho will
drive him out of the Oardon of
Eden, along with his disciples.
DELEGATE 133.
Editor B.O. Fedorationist: Would
esteem it a great favor it you
would publish the following concerning treatment afforded returned soldiers in your weekly Fedorationist.
There are at presont at this cannery
twenty-one returned soldiers, who
have boon lured up here by the glittering promises of making large
money in thia fishing proposition.
In the first placo wo havo arrived
on the job. fivo weeks too soon, as
the fishing season doesn't commence until June 20th, whioh means
that during five weeks of waiting
we aro running into debt to the
company for provisions and equip*
ment. To givo you somo idea of the
parasites that throw out suoh luring
promises, nil for tho returned men,
we havo come to the conclusion it's
juat a schemo of tho government to
get us out of the towns into thoso
isolated sections where we can voiee
our opinions unheard. Hy friend
and I bave just been here a week
tomorrow, and wo find ourselves in
dobt twenty dollars apiece. That
is for cooking utensils and food sup*
plies form tho cannery stores, nnd
we loarn that before starting on tho
soason'a run our oquipment for the
boat, including oil skinus, top boots
and soveral other articles too numerous .to mention, will run into
forty dollars apiece or more. And
we figure before we commence fish*
Ing wo shall be in tho dobt to the
oompany ono hundred dollars. Of
courso, wo lax all blame to the government officials representing the
Returnod Soldiers' Employment of-
thoa/ Uys of stress ono of the ont-
■'WW objecto of the times in the
one thought of how the returned
soldier will lino up. It is quite entertaining to watch both sidees ma-
kinjj Wds tor the moral support end
he is.being courted as no maiden over
was'Hy* tto moat ardent of suUort,
The returnod soldier looks upon the
whole thing from quite a different
view point in many eases, and hav-
legalist eome baek from the fields
ofTnan-dera and France hoping that
ho kid left strife far behind in that
most distressful country of Franco,
and trying to forgot the bitter
memories of the past, he suddenly
finds himself involved into
quite another kind of warfare.
namely, industrial warfare. WeU, I
think that my comrades realize that
they bolonged to tho groat army
of workers beforo they wont away
and are aware of the fact that thoy
form part of it now. Canada'B
army waa purely a citizen army and
the members thereof were drawn
from every walk in lifo, and thoir
influence will be felt for quite a
long time in tho affairs of the oountry. * In fact he holds the key te
tho whole political life of Canada,
and I think when the time comes,
as lt is coming now, they will throw
their weight on to the side of which
thoy belong .namely: Labor. He has
not forgotten the fact that in prewar daya that the oountry wes
pumped full of labor from Europe
that wero brought for tha special
purpose of cheap labor. lien thnt
would be unorganized and hnve no
voice in the affairs of tho oountry
and could be exploited at will by
tho modern shylocka, and when tkey
lifted their voices in protest the
press took special pains to point out
that they were only foreigners, Now
just previous to the war is it net a
unrefutable faot that tho C.P.R.
agent in Austria was arretted for
decoying men out of the country
of military age, and owing to the
good grace of the then Britiah ambassador ho was released. Did thea!
big organizations bother about patriotism then! I answer thorn, No,
and their chief concern waa aa It ia
now, to gat tko biggest dividends
fer their stockhodnrs, whoevor they
are, Comrados, do not bo fooled by
tha capitalist cry ot patriotism, for
wo no moro caro what color or nationality we may be, that does not
bother him. His one and ehief interost is profit. Tho bigger they
aro the better ha likes it. HU new
slogan now is that he can no longer
use -the words enemy alien, as that
wasj.a great asset to him in war
times, whon he used to protest
against conditions. His now slogan
now i is English and Scotch anarchists! so, yon see, ho knowe that
it paya to keep in style in tho mattes j*jof phrases to fool ths peoplo
with, Tho issue of the strike has
been conceded to tho workerB of
Great Britain—that Is the right ot
collective bargaining—and for the
employers to deny thia to the workers of Canada, what can be termed
au(o<^ocy of the highest order! One
of,Ihe most striking instances of the
whpm strike is the attitude of the
minister of labor, who has sounded
the voico of his mastors. He could
do n'3 other, for if he had taken the
side of the workers ho would have
very soon lost prestige with the
powers that be, nnmely, the capitalists. We have the picture portrayed before our eyes, so workers
bestir yourselvos, and have dono
with such impostors and elect men
to power that understand thoir position in socioty, that is men of your
own class, tho working class, as tho
army that fought to make the world
safe for domocracy was 95 per cont,
belonging to this olass. So, therefore, elect men to Ottawa nnd Vietoria that will understand thc aspirations of the working people, nnd
by so doing we may yot see the substance of real victory and democracy triumphant.
ROBERT LEACH.
BBOTHEBHOOD Of CARPENTERS,
Loesl Bo. 617—Mute every ueond
and foarth Monday evening, a o'clock,
Lsbor Temple; President, M. McKen*
its; Bee-alary,. J. B. Campbell; bueineee
agent and losaclal Seoretary. T. Thon,
Boon 20t Labor Temple.    Phoae Bey.
BLfcCTRICAL
LOCAL  Bo.
_ jader    Street
    e   p.m.   Presl*
deal. H. H. Wooeetde. 440 Pender W.l
IT. featksa, 440 Pea;
_21»—Meeta   at   440
West,   every   Monday,
'      T.S.1 ■
reoordlng secretary, W. featkoa,
der, Stnet West; laaadal seen
fae-blaose agent.   B.   H.   Morriion.    .
Pender Btreet West; aulitsat secretary,
r. B. Barrows. __
ftJML    Uttt   UilfAOUlM   Hi
   TffiHJBiSSr
ployees;  Loesl 2t—Mute  every
first
Wedneidey la tko montb al 2:10 p.m,
aad every third Wednesday In tbe meata
at 0:80 p.m. Preeldent, Horry Wood;
■ecretery and bulnese Bleat, w. Mee-
keaalo, oSee and meeting kail, Old Pender  SI.  W.    Phone  Sey.   10gl.     OBce
honre:   11 to lg aeoa; 2 to g. ,
IkrrtltSATiONAL JeweLbt* wobE*
ers' Onion—Meete lad and 41b fit*
dayi, 206 Labor Temple. President, w.
Holmes, Colonial Apte., Borrerd Street;
eeoretorr-treuarer, D. J. Soell, SIS
Oummulr Street.
FELLOW UNIONISTS
Be consistent end demand tbe Union Stamp on yen boots ud
■hoes.   The following local firms an fail te Organized Leber and .
are worthy of yonr patronage and support:
J. Leckie Co., Ltd., 220 Cambie Street.
Harvey Boot Shop, SI Cordova St. W.—Custom Making and Repairs.
W. J. Heads, 30 Water Stroet—Custom Making and Repairs.
H. Vos * Son, 03 Cordova Streot Weat—Custom Making and Bepairs.
Dunsmuir Boot Shop, 531 Dunsmuir Btreet—Custom Making and.
Bepairs.
UNION REPAXK SHOPS
"Nodelny" Shoe Repair Company, 1047 Oranvllle Street
Standard Shoe Repair Shop, dig Robson Street.
M. R. Thorns, 256 Kingsway.
Woods Ltd'. "K" Boot Shop, Cordova ud Haatinga St. W.
H. C. Spaulding, 5071 Fraaer Street, South Vancouvor.
Bo progressive, Mr. Shoe Repairer, ud get in tench, wttk Secretary Tom Cory, 445 Tenon Drive.
DENTIST
Dr-H>E. Halt
OlOWS AND BRDK-l
■FBOAXi-R
It. HASTTNOS IABT
fat lsst af a. a. aiaetale Depot
DOM'! OUBSB—BI HOT
nana lav. sou
Woolworth Store Strike
South Chicago, 111.—The girls employed in the Woolworth store were
recently organized nnd made a demand for increased wages and shorter hours. Whon it was rejected the
girls walked out of the store. Wages
paid was from $4.50 to $7.50 per
week. It is understood that ie thereto paid in nearly all the stores of
this oompany in the various cities.
It wiU be recalled that tha heed ef
this company, F. W. Woolworth,
diod recently and left a fortune of
♦60,000,000. ItB accumulation \
duo to tha extremely low wage* paid
employeea and the slavish condition
exacted.
BE SURE TOU OET
VAN BROS.
~B_t TOO AIX FOg
-CIDER-
«ad Kw-eloahoUc wtaea tf eo
UNION   MEN'S   ATTENTION
constructive policy which haa made
tha Boat: and Shae Workora' .Union
so influential and progressive.—Tha
Shoe Retailer.
Patronise Federationist   advortis- j
ers ud tell them why you, da so.     .
-Ouedn Food ■out:
S   Xdcenee I  im   :
MIH—TheNUneneMtiejuUtp
■lllnet hoMec eemee thu yen
B. 0. LOOOBR8' UMION—ABIUteJ
with B. 0. F«deratfon of Ltbor Md
TftucnuTtr Trade, and Labor Conooilr—
An induitrlol anion of ill worker* iB
lofgittff Md construction mbmi. Hand-
qunttn, 61 Cordon Stroet Wott, Yin-
eonver, B. 0. Phono Ssf. TIM. K.
Winch, aeeretarr-trefttorer; logal ad*U-
en, Mum. Bird, Macdonald * Co., Van-
eouvor, B. 0.; and i ton, Meun. Bat tar
It Chicot. Vancouver, B, 0.
AilocUtion, Local 3162—Ofllce Md
UU, 104 Ptndar Stntt Weat. Utttt
flnt and third Friday*, 8 p.m. Been-
tarf-treawrtr, F. Chapman; bnttetft
agent, P. Sinclair. '
Buy only from a union »toro.
AMALGAMATED MBAT CDTTBKfl AND
Blither Workmen'• Union Xo. 64S-—
Htttt flnt aad third tattdajv of aaoh
month, Labor Templt, 8 p.m. Preaident,
H. E. WIMi;  neordlng attrttair. Frtd
Llllr:  flntneltl acorettrj   and   bualnttt
H-tnt, T. W. Aadenoa, 58,7 Homer St.
ETCHBi   WJXtm    JC8ZOT1    df
North America (Tmcc«¥K Md rioto
Hr)—Braaeb  meete  tetrad  Md  fourth
Honiara, Room 804 Labor Ttmplt.  Preaident, J. BMforthi Euolid Art., Colling-
wood laat; flnMolal aoerttarr and bui>
agtnt, H. 8. NighUcalei, 818—56th
Ato.   Eaet,   South   vancourer;   recording
Mar-jr,  B.  WertmoreUnd,  8147  Point
Onr Botd.   Phono ggjg-Uw With.
SHIPYARD LAJTOREBS, RUfOIRfl AND
Fattenen, I.L.A., Looal Union
Btriet 6—Veott tha Snd tnd 4th Fl
tf tht month, Labor Ttmplt, 8 p.m-
Pretident, John S1II7; financial teen*
tary, M. A. Phtlpa; baainttt agtnt Md
oomapM-dibf aeeretary, W. Ltt. Oflet.
Boom 810-4.ro Labor Ttmple.
IWiiWAfldkAL urfiok or SrHS
Md Operating Englnean, Local No.
6BO-—Maata every Monday, 7:80 p.m.,
Labor Ttmpb, Pmidtnl, Dart Hodge.
677 Blcharda Street, City; Tiet-pnaldeat,
Frank Hunt, 1622 Seoond Avannt Wait
aeontary-traaaarer Md buiineit agoat,
W, A. Alexander, Room 816 Labor Tern-
pit.   Phone Seymour 7466.
Haw PrtfUbut ot tihoe Worktn
Tho shoe trado ii to bo eongrntn-
Uted upon tho succession of Collis
Lovely to the pTem\_eney o-f- lte Boot
and Shoe Workers' Union following the death of John V. Tobin. Mr.
Lore-.r is a firm believer and ad-i
herent of '' the Tobln policy,''
which hu made the Boot and Shoe Pare St ville Orange Mar- aa
FanajCceamtry Batter, 4t   a a
tht very best; S lbe.... 91 e«?U
Orffoo, extra speeial, ser Ot-__
tin OOO
Finest   Matured   Ontario   Q*7-
Cheese, per lb. O 4 C
Worker*' Union sueh a substantial
organization. Mr. Lovely, as vice-
president of the union for 80 years,
has been in close contact with the
work of the organisation, and
brings to hie position a valuable experience which will tend to the
preservation of the conservative and
SiTerti,
P. O.
, Vittttip, ]
•OTOH WBtUBOTOir, V.  X.
BftAl VSfbX Ha. 872. ti. si. et A.~
Mtett flnt Sanday in every month 8
p.m., Richard Hall. Pmldent, Jai. Bateman; viee-preatdeat, Andrew Parker; recording eecretary, Jaa. Fearon; flaanelal
tetntarr, William MacDonald; treaaurer,
J. H. Richardeon.
NOBTH __________
V. 8. OP CARPENTERS AND JOIN-
en, Loeal 1777—Meett flnt aad third
Mondaya la I. 0. O. P. Hall, Lower Kieth
Road Eut, at 8 p.m. Prttlitat, H. H.
Foattr; flaanelal aeoretary, W. C. Smith,
oor. Satherla-nd and Kieth Road Eaat,
North VanoouTer.
PIUTCR RCTRRT, B. C.
PRINCE RUPERT  TRADU  AND  LA-
bor Couneil—Meett aeoond Md fourth
Tutadara of eaeh month, in Carptnttn'
Hall. Pnaldent, W. E. Thompaon; iecretary, Geo. Rudderham, Box 278, Prince
Rupert, B, C.
50c
nwlado, lib. tin for..
Tea,  Oren|e  Pekoe  blend,   worth
lie.   Uy prie* only, por |
Loeal New Laid Eggs, guar- gg    <
anteed; per dozes DOC
l-aney Broken Bisenits, fmhn m
trom the ovenj t lbs. eJOC
Dinger Snaps, fresh baked: •»_■
8 lbs. for e>OC
Bobin Hood Roiled Oats, Alt —
rogular SOo sacks for . -TvC
Wheat    Pearls,    speolal;
seek _ 	
45c
Fresh end Cured Meat* teasona.ly
Priced
S. T. Wallace's
MARKETARIA
111 HAftTZtfCM IT. W.-
streW TM  tLtcfAM  hailWat
Employee!, Pioneer Blvlrion, No. 101
—Meeta A. 0. P. Hall, Mount Pleaiaaf
lit and 3rd Mondaya at 8 p.m. Preaident, W. H. Cottrell; reeordlng leert-
tary, A. V. Lofting, 2561 Trinity Stnet,
phont High. 166R; treaeurer, I. tt. Cltvt*
land; flnanclal iientary Md bnelnttt
agent, Frad A. Hoover, 8406 Clark Drlvt,
oraoe corner Prior and Main Streete.
JGURHiraH fAiidlis-   uSISS  ot
America, Loeal No. 171—Meeting! btld
lint Monday In «ach month, 6 p.m. Pnaldent, Jeaopb O'Connor; vlce-preiideat
A. Btamtah; recording tttretary, Mn.
F. A. Dolt, 7. 0. Boa 5W. Phont
Sty, 838LL; flnanolal aeeretary, Hobt.
MoNalefa, P. 0. Box 608.
feur'a Union, Local No. 666—Meeta
every Snd aad 4th Wedneadaya 8 p.m.
Preaident, W. M, Brown; baeintta tgent,
P. Hailutt, 126 Fifteenth Avenne Eait;
flnanolal eeentary, Birt Showier, 1120
RobioR Btreet; phone Sty. 6679. Offlce
687 Homer Btreet.
'TTOQRAPH10AL ONION No. 388—
Meett lait  Sunday  of eaeh  montb  at
■■ p.m. Preaident, w. H. Jordan; vict-
pmldent. W. H. TouWll; aeeretary-
tnaaurtr, R. H. Nealandi, Box 66.
Provincial Unions
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Moeta
In annual oonvtmtlon in January. Ea-
cullvt officeu, 1918-19: Pronldent, J.
Kaviinaf-h, Labor Tumple, Vancouver;
icR-pneidenti—Vancouver Iiland 1 Own-
berland, J. Naylor; Victoria, J. Taylor;
Prime Rupert, Geo. Caaey; Vanoouver,
W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonnell; New Wwt-
miniter, Ooo. MoMnrphv; Weat Kootenay. Silverton, T. B. Roberta; Cnw't
Neit Pais, W. B. Philllpi, Femlt, W. A.
Sherman. Secretary- treasurer, A. 9!
Wells, Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St,,
Vancofvar, B. C.	
VIOTOBIA, ^ 0.
AND
B. C. Federationist Daily Paper Fund
HOW MUCH DO YOU WANT A FREE PRESS?!
Do You Want It Enough to Assist in Paying for It?
VICTUKIA   AND" DIBTKIOT   TBADES
end   Labor   Counoil—Meete   flnt  .at
tbiril   Wedn«'.l1iy..   Knlftite   of   Frtblae
Hell, KoMli Perk Strei*!. al 6 *>.*>>.  Pieel*
Doolej;8' .'^"neMm'"''^!!!!* <*o*P*» *T— ~ aoknowledged from timo to time in The Federation!!*!.
Cut out tho abovo coupon and mail the amount you wish to contribute
to tho fund for tho purpoao of cetnbliehlng a dolly papor for B. 0.    B* PAGE EIGHT
eleventh teas, No. is    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    v-iorcouvin, b. o.
FRIDAY.
..WW V, »18
vx/
Here's the answer'
Can you tell all-wool
from part cotton?
Good tailoring from
YOU CAN'T, YOU DON'T NEED TO t  '
Ask for this label; it stands
for all the things you want
in clothes; when you see it
buy
Hart, Schaffner & Marx
Clothes that save
$25 $30 $35 $40 $45 $50
Claman's
Limited
One-Fifty-Three Hastings Street West
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Ages of ehattle slavery were necessary to break the ground for Feudalism. Centuries of Feudalism to
prepare the way for capitalism and
in a doaen decades Capitalism has
-brought us to the throes hold ot
socialism.
REMEMBER. THS OTHIBII
There's aa obligation that' goes
wilh psrty*Hne telephone eer.ice—en
obligation shared by all persons on
the line, sn obilgstioa which each
owes to the ethers.
Inordinerlly long conversations frequently cense annoyance and even
grave distress. Some other person
on the line may be trying to call a
doctor or make aome similarly urgent
call. Perhaps, too, there's a most
Important messsge, ineoming, for
someone en the line—perhaps even
for the penon who la 'holding thlnga
np."
Think it overt The obligation la
one tttet win appeal to all who give
consideration to it.
B. 0.  TSLBPHOHa.  OO., LTD.
POWELL RIVER BTRIKE
OF PAPERMAKERS ENDS
PAPER COMPANY ORANT8 DEMANDS OF  STRIKERS AND
MEN RETURN TO.WORK.
Striking papermakers of the Powell River Paper Company returned
to work laat Monday after having
successfully negotiated a new
agreement with the company. The
papermakers will receive the scale
ot pay and conditions that the International Cnlon presented.for the
1919 schedule. This Includes a union shop and no Sunday work, with
time and a half for all overtime.
The company has also agreed to
pay the Vancouver rates to all mechanical trades and an extra 6c
per hour to sulphite workers.
Patronize Federationist  advertisers and tell them why you do so.
This is the time to
buy a Wheel. We have
a full stock of Bicycles and supplies. Repair work done by experts.
W. H. Morrison
INDIAN MOTORCYCLE
108 Hastings Street East    Vancouver, B. C.
Agent for Massey Harris and Indian Bicycles.
Men's Medium Weight
Shoe Selling at $5.85
Box Calf uppers, cloth or leather lined, medium weight
solid leather soles. Built on a good last. Easy fitting and
comfortable. These are exceptional values. They arc all
solid leather'and.theiregular price _tt QC
is $6.75. Extra Speeial. epOaOO
•   *- ' HEft'S WORK BOOTS
in black or tan, plain .toe or toecap. Solid leather soles,
heels and counters. Made on an easy-fitting last and
guaranteed. All sizes. _A QC
Beg. *6.50. Special.........:...........         ■Jp'Tre'tlp
Bring your repairs here—the material and workmansbw
it superior.
Pierre Paris
Boot and Shoe Manufacturers
64 HASTINOS STREET WEST
One Door West of Columbia Theatre
Phone Seymour 4716
Clothing
on Credit
—without any "red tape"
or inquisitorial methods
We have learned by years of mperlence thtt the average workingman
li honeit-—that he pays hin bills. We have also learned that by ordinary
business melhoda he It often compelled to go without thlnga he needs be*
came of the demand that he pay "spot caah" for everything he gets.
We Tnut tht Worker
When he needs a new suit we don't ai>k for caah milms he wants to pay
—we give him his mlt and aik for only a amall eash depo.it—lho balance
hi pays In imall weekly installments ih lie li able.
We Make Ve Ohargi fer 1__ Accommodation
Tou can buy at our store juit as fine suits as arc offered In the city-
good reliable material—woll made—right up to date in stylo— at even bettef
prices this elsewhere—with credit extended on very suit.
Call and See Us and Liara All About Our Methodi
B.C. OUTFITTING CO.
342 HASTINGS STREET WEST
(Near Granville)
"The Old Man" Did Not
Mince Matters Last
Sunday
A bigger audience and lustier
singing featured the Columbia meeting on Sunday evening, when E. T.
Kinkaley once more took the situation in hand, being welcomed with
warm applause on his appearance.
Chits. Lestor made a live-wire chair-
n, being ulso greeted with applause; he explained that the Grand
Old Man was going east to awaken
the comrades there to a realization
of the catastrophe impending-—'' what
is likely to happen and the stops
they are to take."
Comrado Kingsley remarked that
no great credit was to be given to
any individual for having interpreted the revolution to his fellows; that
was done, not by individuals, but
by the development of tho institutions pertaining to how man gets
his living. Tor 10,000 years, these
had boon baaed on human slavery;
that was no less truo today than in
tho times of chattel-slavery or serfdom. The workerB wero as much enslaved now as thon, and moro ruthlessly and completely exploited,
Tho levor by which thia had been
brought about wns the steam-engine,
that "monster" which was invented about 150 years ago, with the
wholo series of tools and machinery
accompanying. Hand-production had
beon nocessarily laborious and slow,
especially with regard to non-essential products; but as to the necessities of life, it had nover been a
very serious matter when the workors wore not enslaved and their product seized by others. It waB when
the rulers discovered how to ItarnesB
thc powers of nature, that there
came the possibilities of luxury beyond tho wildest dreams of olden
times.
Tho supreme culmination of all
ruling-class effort had come in the
last four years. Collapse was now
at hand; and the ruling class was
just as powerless to stem the tide
as were tho workers—juBt bb much
at sea as the most unlettered working man. Thero had been intense
industrial activity, resulting in immense prollts and accumulation of
capital; thon came the armistice, involving tho break-down of the whole
business. It was found impossible
to put back into productive industry
the men who had been put to slaughter; it seemed beyond their power
to make the transition back from
war to pcuce.
Thc bur-den of producing essential
things had boen continually (dough-
ed on to r decreasing proportion of
the population; henco tho increase
of town population. Thus civilization became top-heavy with a vaat
army of non-essential producors; and
thc whole establishment broke down.
Machinery was used to produce more
machinery. Lack of markets for the
product resulted in unemployment
and turmoil, and ao there wero all
kindu of begging schemes to keep
the thing going; sinco tho war was
ovor, these things wero moro and
moro in evidence. (Hear, hear.)
Moro men were unemployed now
than when tho war broke out, and
never were wages bo low as at the
presont time.
It was, however, only by consent
of the working-class that such un
abominable syatem was allowed to
exist for onc moment.' There was
no reason on earth why a master
should treat a slavo otherwise than
t slave—"with tho lash on his
back if ho doesn't do what ho in
told, und do it well. (Applauae.^ As
long as slaves were bargaining with
thoir maBtcrs, they, were still slaves;
and the masters were still master*.
I don't care whother ho bargains
alone or bargains by tho million;
the circumstances and conditions of
the market determined the price of
every commodity." Labor history
for centuries past showed that no
power on earth could upset the unwritten lawB of tho market with regard to exchange.
With "collective bargaining?' it
was just the same; there was no difference in thc average wage. "So
long as ono man has to work for
another, he can't get more than a
living—and no extraordinarily fat
living at that." No living thing
worked unless it was enslaved. It
waa not work to get a living; it wes
a-life of joy, of pleasure, of everything that was desirable. But just as
soon as men were enslaved, "it became necessnry lo invent some word
to express their misery and their
agony—and that damned word was
W-O-R-K." (Laughter and applause.)
The speaker proceeded to repudiate the belief that machinery lessens
the toil of producing the necessities
of life, and argued that it could only
be utilized in exploitation and in
production for a market; and he declared that "a nmiket can't exist
till slavery Ilrst exists." Transportation never aidod in-producing n
morsel of food; its function was lo
take thc product away from tbe producer and secrete it in the market.
It wbb all of a piece with thc mechanism of war and of cities. "It is
the presence of slaves tlmt makes
this combination of great cities lhat
aro sapping thc health of the country districtB." Tho city producer
was as much u pavusite as his mas*
ter—producing stuff to keep tho
mechanism going, and not thc necessities ol' life for himself or anybody else. Tho majority of thc much*
iucry would bc of "absolutely no
use whatever to the slave clnss, tho
moment that slave class becomes
free.''
Comrade Kingsley confessed lo
losing ull pnitcuco with working
men asking thcir musters for privileges. "When 1 find a great mass
of workers asking a handful of masters for I'nvois, 1 get right .down
on my marrow-bones and pray they
won't get 'em." (Loud laughter.).
What was worth hnving was worth
taking. Just as long as they al
lowed.tlio ruling-class to muke the
Iowb to govern thom, thoy'dc get it
where the chicken got the nxo. Iu
apite of the O. B. U., collective bar-
pfiining, etc:, "the other fellow still
owns the shop, thc factory, thc mill,
nnd the mine—and. beyond all thut,
he owiin you." With a surplus of
lubor, the price of tho worker was
broken, in spite of hia rules, "even
if he swears on a stack of bibles
nine miles high."
Thc   speaker   concluded   with   a I
warning as to the wide-spread de-*
Bathing Suits
for Women
and Children
We have exercised
particular care in the
selection of these garments, paying special
regard to qualities,
styles and values. The
following lines merit
your interest. They
are the best we know
of at the prices
quoted.
Pure wool Bathing Suits
in Green, Canary, Navy,
Scarlet, Peacock, Black,
Hose, and Sky, trimmed
■with contrasting colors.
Shown for ages 6 to 16
years, at $6.75, $7.36 and
$7.60, according to size.
Knitted Cotton Bathing
Suits, in Scarlet, Peacock,
Navy, Myrtle or Maroon,
trimmed with contrasting
colors.
Shown for ages 6 to 14
years, at $4.26 and $4.60,
according to size.
Children's   and
Bathing   Caps,
26c to $1.25.
Misses'
at   from
-^Mfe^
675    GRANVILLE    IT.
struct ion that threatened the workers in the citicB iu cano of anything
liko a sudden collapse of the -system: Cut off from the country .districts with their food supply,* they
would -die by countless thousands.
The workers of tho city nnd-flomi-
try-had got to act togethor;-then
they could conquer thia whole western continent and undo that which
the ruling-class had been fastening
on them for 10,000 years. To wipe
out tho wage system, and all that
it implied, must be the ultimate object of the revolutionary working*
class; and so to become a class of
free men and froe women.
Patronize .FederationiBt advortis-
Minimum Wage Board
Province of British Columbia
OTICE  is hereby given that
N
pursuant to Chapter 56, ot tbe
Statutes ot 1018, being the
"Minimum, Wage Act," a public
meeting will be held at tbe Court
House, Bastion Square, in the City
of Victoria, B. C, on Wednesday
the llth day of June, 191!), at 1(1
a.m., for the purpose of hearing any
person Interested in the establishment of a minimum wage and hours
and conditions of labour for women
engaged In the Telephone and Telegraph Occupation whieh Includes
the work of women operators ln
telephone and telegraph establishments and eichanges, Including
those engaged In such occupation
in public and private offlcen and at
public and private switchboards."
A cordial Invitation to be present
Is extended to all those who desire
to be heard on the above question
before a minimum wage and hourB
and conditions of labour are deter*
mined.
Minimum Wage Board For Tht
Province of Britlah Columbia.
.1. C. McNIVEN, Chairman
HELEN GREGORY MacGILJ.
THOMAS MATHEWS
Blue
Serge
Suits
Made of Irish Serge,
Fashion Craft make,'
selling at $45
These
are excellent
value.
Thos. Foster & Co.
Limited
514 Granville St.
Vancouver Strike Shows
(Continued from page 1)
ployed, ihall be considered u an organized body of workers,
and shall then be in a position to negotiate with the employers
of that particular trade, craft, industry, profession or calling
as to wages, hours of employment and general conditions of
employment.
"And, be it further resolved, That this council recommend
thc continuance of the strike until the government give reasonable assurance that this principle of collective bargaining will
be protected by legal enactment, and upon giving that assurance that the government immediately reinstate the postal workers who are now on strike through an error on the part of
Senator Robertson as their representative."
THE FOLLOWING  18 THE LIST
OF ORGANIZATIONS THAT
ARE ON STRIKE
Organizations Out
Butchers
Electrical Workers
Foundry Employees
Plumbers
Sheet Metal Workers
Teamsters and Chauffeurs
Molders
Boilermakers, Locals 1 and 194
Brewery Workers
Blacksmiths
Locals of Carpenters and Shipwrights: M7, 1777, 1803, 1888,
2605, 2647.
Longshoremen
Machinists
Pile Drivers
Pattern Makors
Steam Engineers
Shipyard Laborers
Seamen
Caulkers
Painters
Auto Machinists
Tile Layera
Marine Firemen
Marine CookB and stewards
Bricklayers
Lathers
Sugar Reflnery Employees
Cigarmakers
Plasterers
Street Rallwaymen
Warehousemen
37 Locals on strike.
11 Locals exempted.
Other Locals taking another vote.
10 Locals not voted.
Odganlzatlone Exempted
Bakers and Bakery Salesmen
Police and Flre Departments
Milk Wagon Drivers
Laundry Workers
Hotel and Restaurant Employees
Hospital Employees  *
Ice Wagon Drivers for delivery to
Hospitals and Restaurants only.
10 Members of Civic Employees engaged in the Cemetry.
6 Caretakers on Water Works
All Theatre Employees
Soft Drink Dispensers
Retail Clerks
Gae Workers
TRADES COUNCIL AND
THE JITNEY QUESTION
(Continued from page 1)
ter the strike, in view of the fact
that this local had not responded
to tbe call of the strike.
Delegate Smith pointed out to the
Council that there were some of
the organizations In the city that
had depended on the Council for
support ln the past, the organizations being those that uaed the label. He said that the action of
these locals at this time would be
watched with Interest, and stated
that he could not see any reason
why the Council should support organizations that did not support the
workers when any general movement was made.
Delegate Kavanagh reported that
men had been paraded at the
Shaughnessy Heights Military Hospital, and nsked their views on the
strike situation. He stated that
thore was no response, and ln response to a question as to the number of men who understood machine
guns, one of the men had replied
that he could not aee the use of the
question, as they were back hoping
to celebrate peace, and were sick
of war. He urged the necessity of
keeping the peace, eo that there
would be no opportunity of the employing class using,the machine
guns on tho workers!
Many questions wore asked aa to
minor matters in connection with
the strike, and the censorship on
the strike news by the Typographical Union was explained by the
Strike Committee. The text ot the
resolution passed by the Typos on
this matter appears in another column lu this issue.
The Council adjourned at 10.15
p.m.
RETURNED MEN HOLD BIG
MEETING
The,Avenue Theatre was on Wednesday eveping the scene ot,a
crowded meeting called by the ex-
Soldlers' and Sailors' Council to
consider the strike situation, with
Sergt. Major Mercer In the chair.
Though new to the job of public
speaker, he was a veteran of the
battlefield, having very distinct
memories of the South* African campaign und the distress and disturbance which followed it owing to the
failure of the government to pro*
vide employment for thoBe who
had. fought the war. He Bald It
would be the same hero, notwithstanding the noise or the Repatriation League, etc. As to their
recommendation "to carry on the
spirit of 1914," he replied, "not for
cine." He asked those present to
hear the men In touch with the
situation, and then honestly think
it out for themselveB.
Chas. Lestor said that the boys
who fought in the Great War fell
that aomethlng waa happening that
would change the world. Their Instinct was absolutely correct; a
great transformation was soming.
Winnipeg was I nol alone In the
light; as au Instance he mentioned
the report to hnnd of 500,000 workers en atrlke In Paris. (Loud applause.)' The root-cause o< the
trouble wai) "this hideous system
undel* which we are compelled to
livo." He thought the working
men and women would line up and
say, "Wc are going lo make a tln-
lsh of the whole thing." (Ap-
plause.)
.)aa. Smith, Seeretary of the
Strike Committee, followed briefly,
remarking that what was taking
place here was "a replica of what
Is happening lu pretty nearly every city In the civilized world."
Mayor Gale had asked what could
be done to settle the trouble ln
Vnncouver, and had been told; "Re-
Instate all government employees
and can Gideon Robertson," to
which he had replied, "Some job!"
(Laughter.) Comrade Smith added
that they were going after that
"aome Job," and were going to
get It.
A. S. Wells, of thc Federatlonist,
said Ihe employers had called this
strike, for fear the workers' organizations should get the power to
do so, The "mad" ruling class had
done somothing to solidify the
workers, which they themselves
could not havo done. This was not
a revolutionary strike, however, as
had heen stated. He asserted that
"when the workors in thla country establish a Soviet government
they won't lay down their tools,
hut will operate them." The idea
of collective bargaining had sprung
from the industrial development;
and ho declared, "They shall not
take the right from us to organize
as we think fit."
Tom O'Connar spoke briefly on
the necessity of the workers understanding the forces that wore operating in human history, Instead of
being fooled with the idea that it
was a matter of reroea or leaders
or "great men," ob they had hither
to beeh taught. They had a problem to solve tor themselves. The
revolutions that counted were the
economic revolutions, which were
bloodless and not blazoned abroad:
He advised, "Get next to the literature, and educate yourselves."
J. Kavanagh was the closing
speaker. He touched briefly on the
beginnings of the trouble In Winnipeg and then In other cities of the
Interior, up to the point at *tvhlch
the government brought pressure to
bear on the postmen. "The moment the government stepped ln to
break the strike, it became the
affair of every worker ln the Dominion of Canada." (loud applause).
The speaker went on to show the
economic causes of the present
situation of unemployment and unrest, and the Imposibility of anything different under the system of
production In vogue. One point he
made very clearly was that America had become a creditor of Great
Britain Instead of a debtor, during
the war, and must, therefore, receive "interest," i.e. "commodities,"
instead of exporting them. Hence
the productive power of the American workers must be cut down. He
also showed how the exaction of an
Indemnity from Germany put the
workers of the victorious nations
In a worse plight than those ot the
conquered country. These points
were made.so clearly aB to draw a
spontaneous burst of applause from
the crowded house
A notable feature of the meeting
was the entire absence of any opposition or dissent.
The form of slavery to-day is
somewhat different from that of
other times the essence of enslavement Is that one man should be
compelled   to   work for   another.
ANNOUNCEMENT
EXTRAORDINARY!
»
JUBAD THIS "AD" AND 1EAUK BOW IO
Save 20% On Your Clothing Accoui
COMMENOISO tomorrow and continual mry itt durhn this »••«■■ tn will i
a special dlicount of 20 por com. to ovory pumluMr of tot. LADIES' ft
GENTS' APPABEL. Tbls Ii a itrictty bona fldo offer, and ta provo oor
cority you cu onunlne overy prico ttf anl take 20 ptr cut. ol mry israoat
bay. *
Por initmce: Supposing a lament Is marked 195, you will pay u $28 aal
17 lato your own pocket. In addition to thli offer you alio bave tba added i
vealence of paying while mirlw tho lament. Why wait for "Kiel" when
oaa |tt OOOD CLOTHES—OOOD STYLES—OOOD VALUES—OOOD TUBS
a dlicount bf 20 ptr cent. off.
Tbii offer will poiltlvoly clou Monday. June 30. Better act new whllt thl cb
ll lool— you can't but auch a wonderful offer ai thli, anywhere.
DBBSS WELL ON EAST TBBMS AT THI
NEW YORK OUTFITTING CO., LTI
Oppoiltt Provinct Oflct
141 HASTINOS ST. WESt
Sty. 1
Surprise Your Wife
With A Dainty
Dinner Service
Every woman taken prido in the appearance of her table.
She realizes thai a dainty Dinner Service has much to do*
with that appearance. Certainly, thero is no other gift
which could be more acceptable and at the same time
more useful than one of those Dinner Services.
Mado ol highly glazed English Semi-porcelain and decorated with
pretty floral designs, or in tho attractive white and gold pattern.
There are a number of handaome Sets to select from, any on* of
which wonld give ft most gleaning table effect and suggest rich-
im-ss and good taste. Thore are 42 pieces to the Set, including
everything necessary to place covers for six people. At this remarkably attractive price, they are certain to attract considerable
favorable attention, and we would advise an early selection.
Price $12.75
Millar&Coe,Ltd.
419 HASTINOS STREET WEST
Headquartera for China uid Toys
Deadlng the new kill at The Pantages next week, opening with the
matinee MoMnday, will be Charles
Anderson's big production of the
merry musical comedy, "Krazy
Kata Revue." Tlie aet is aald to
be Ailed with lively humor and
pretty glrla.
For the special aded feature of
the allow Manager' Pantagea haa
arranged for the flrat appearance
here ot Tameo Kajiyama, the nated
Japaneae callgraphist, who will .appear ln what is described aa an
amazing exhibition ot mind concentration.
Hager and Goodwin, commit
ahd composers, wll offer aome
their own song hits In an act tha
declared to be all class.
The bill also promises to be 1
able for the appearance of Ceci
Rhode and George Crampton, c
ratio stars, In their novel song I
tasy, "Aspiration."
Helen Jackley Is known to *v
revllle aa "The Sensational Ol
and ts said to have something i
and lively in the entertainment 11
Faye and Jack Smltn axe a vei
tile pair who will be heard in i
cial songs,'stoppings and saylngi
'Everything a Man Needs for His Outfit
All in tho One Store
If you have
to walk
—there's nothing like a Cushion-Sole Shoe for
comfort
—the shoe that makes "walking the city streets as easy as
the forest trails"—enables you to walk miles without getting tired—the shoe that gives comfort if you have to stand
for long periods.
—It's all in the sole—a cushion—the same comfort for your
feet during the day as a pillow gives your head at night.
Special in Cushion-Sole Shoes
Extra quality—finest workmanship—Cushion Sole scientifically built up—the type approved by foot specialists.
DICK'S
PRICE	
$8.50410.00
White Canvas Boots
The kind you'll want this Summer—fine quality White Canvas, leather soles, strong stitching, smart looking.
SI  $3.50-$4.00
Every Pair Guaranteed—"Tour Money's Worth or Tour Money Baok"
10% Off Our Regular Prioe* to all Soldiert on Everything in our Storei
■33 -43 -47- 49, Hastings St. East.

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