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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 24, 1919

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 THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH
"OFFICIAL PAPEE: VANCOUVEB TEADES AND LABOE COUNCIL, AND B.C. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
POLITICAL UNITY: VICTOKY
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 24,1919     \T
ELEVENTH YEAR.  No. 4       EIGHT PAGES
tta Vuco-T.r\
V (HU, 12.00 )
$1.50 PER YEAB
d p pr
i 1 ASIATIC
PERIL   _
OFFTOA
Present Attitude Is a Dirir^idustria! Organiaztion Is
Contrast to That Taken   parting Out With Mem-
a Year Ago | \.>rship of Over 500
Cheap  Labor   Was  Then
Their Only Desire, But
Shoe Is on Other Foot
[By Jas. H. McVoty}
Tho B, C. Fruitgrowers Association
is in favor of legislation to prevent
Jnpaneso   and   Chineso   from   owning
land.
One year ago, becauso the Chinese
refusod to work ten hours for $2.50 per
day, tho association passed a resolution
asking the govornment to arrango for
tho importation of 50,000 indentured
Chineso laborers at a wago rato of 50
cents per day. After Wiring tho resolution to Ottawa, it was pointed out to
tho executive committeo that orgnnized
labor would probably opposo the entry
of this class of labor, nnd it was decided to consult with tlio executive officers
of Labor in Vancouver, explaining thc
position of tlie fruit grower and asking
for assistance to secure cheap labor for
the Okanugan in particular. No assistance wns expected, it being anticipated
that tho Labor officers would admit
their inability to supply labor and in
doing so, tie their own hands insofar as
opposition to the resolution was concern od.
A Oood Samaritan
^Beforo thc delegates arrived in Vancouver, a friend of the writer, who had
attended the convention in Victoria,
"tipped off" tho programme of the
fruit-growers' executive, and whon the
members of their committee arrived sev-
oral mines hud boen laid. The delegation
was composed of "English Gentlemen"
who stated their anxiety, "don't you
know," to assist in winning tho war,
by securing orders for largo shipments
of evaporated vegetables to bo Bent to
England. Thc Labor situation, speaking particularly of the Okanagan, was
very bad. Almost all tho whito workers had enlisted, and tho Chineso had
refused to work for $2.50 per day of
ten hours. In fact these poor deluded
Chinose lind preferred to remuiu idlo or
to work on "rawnehes" owned or leased by thoir own countrymen.
Women Replaced the Chinese
In despernt'on, a scheme wns organised to securo women from tho coast cities to prevont the Allies suffering for
lack of foodstuffs, and ns ono of tho
delegates admitted, it was more quickly takon up by the women by tho introduction of the patriotic nolo so loudly
sounded by those to whom the enterprise was entrusted.
Women Were Cheaper
"Frankly," one delegate admitted,
"tho women woro cheaper," but not
quite so frankly, tho opinion wbb expressed that so many women would
probably not respond again. Tho delegation came, as they themselves said,
''looking for advice." "What wero
they to dot Could a supply of labor
bo secured!" But not a word wub aaid
about tho solution they had decided
upon, and a better acted piece of hypocrisy tho writer had never seen.
Here the labor delegates came into
action. They began by making inquiries with reference to the resolution, and
casually allowed it to be known that
they wore aware that it had boon wired
to Ottawa, und that thc request to Lnbor for assistance was only a mothod of
preventing opposition to the projoct of
importing tho indentured Chinese or
slave labor housed in compounds. From
this point thc discussion boenmo genoral, not to overlook a littlo warmth at.
times. Tho Lnbor officers offered help
4f conditions wero improved, nnd tho
executive telegraphed rescinding thc
former resolution. Thc experience of
California was gono into, but it was
evident that tho sole object of tho
fruit men wus cheap labor without consideration even for thoir own futuro
welfare. During the Inst season the Y.
W. C. A. und the provincial govornment
filled tho gap left through tho inability
of the growers to again work the patriotic argument on tho soldiers wives
and rolativca genorally.
From the Japanese Standpoint
During the month of July, 1918, Mr.
A. S. Wells, editor of Tho Foderationist, and thc writer, were called upon by
Professor R. Nagai, who fills the chair
of Economics and Sociology at Waseda
University, Tokio. A grailuato of Oxford University, he soon showed himself to bc an economist of no small calibre, being familiar with tho various
schools of political economy, as well as
the different forms of industrial organization. He was on a tour of the principal citios of America for tho purposo
of securing information and apparently
was fortified with Japanese government
credentials. Judging by the attention
paid him by thc consul and other prominent local Japanoso residents.
An Economist First
Whilo intensely national in his conversation ou Japanoso problems, ho
would, when shown where a proposition
was economically unsound, immediately
abandon tho position taken. For in*
stance, in discussing tho Japanese problem of providing for excess population,
and tho necessity of securing admission
to less densely populated countries, he
admitted that tho wnrkers of any country were perfectly justified in resisting
an influx of immigrants with a lower
standard of living and that tho Japanese peoplo when compared with the
Anglo-Saxon, camo within that class.
Asked whethor the Japanoso had lowered their standards to that of the Koreans, when they occupied that country, ho said, "decidedly notj the aver-
ago of the Koreuna hud been gradually
raised," He admitted that inevitably,
if tho cheaper labor went into fields of
labor now filled by whites, that their
standard must come down if they stayed   in   thc   industries   ,and   competed
(Continued on Page 8)
A   —
HaV Redded to Affiliate
"With Central
Bodies
What promises to be ono of the most
mportant labor organizations in tho
Dominion, camo into existence on Tuesday night at the mooting in thc Dominion Hall, when about SOO loggers and
workors in lumber camps got together
and took steps to orgunizo themselves
into a Loggers Union. Tho meeting
was the outcome of a preliminary gathering hold in the Labor Tomple, when
such a lurge number, expressed their
willingness to join uu organization that
tho largo Dominion Hall was booked
for a mass mceting,_with tho result that
over 500 paid their membership fee. A
temporary organization committeo was
formed, which has tho question of per
manent headquarters, and other detuils
of organization matters in hand. The
Loggers wore unanimous in their determination to make this a real live and
powerful union, truly industrial in its
scope, as all workers engaged in lumber
nnd construction camp work will bo eligible for membership. Tremendous
possibilities Ho in the organization of
workers who are engaged directly in
making the essential natural resources
more readily available for social use,
and the industrial organization of thc
loggers which has decided to affiliate
with the B. C. Federation of Labor, and
tho Vancouver Trades and Labor Coun
cil, besides becoming subscribers to Thc
B. C. Federationist, is a landmark in
the history of unionism in this Dominion.
Tbe Loggers received every assistance at their meetings from tho officials
of the local Labor movement. President Winch, Secretary Midgley and
Acting Business Agent Gutteridgo, of
the Trados and Labor Council; Secretary Wells, of the Federation of Lobor,
and Brothers Showier, Phclp, Cowling,
lronsidos and others working hard at
enrolling members and speaking upon
organization questions at the meetings.
Permanent headquarters havo boen
leased at the old K. of P. Hall, 61 Cordova stroot oast
The "False" and "True" Doctrines
I COLUMBIA
GAPiTAi rs as
tS.CHTtAL TO LABOR
A* At* IS TO A HUMUN
Ctntmi. souon'i lit
V* OFFCtiB CAPITAL,
iCSriVf $TAHV£,
WH£A/ f\MAH
GAMS TO THL   SySTtMo.
Ht J* tIAILtD AS
my SHOULD ns.
WOTWRRSDO AU THCW071K
AHD rtOT QIT nt run
■rtEWArtD 07 THEM lA'BOH,
Hurt, Mother'
QFTHQ5E.SQAP
Box ruths,
WH/DOrt'TTHty I
'PUT ALL 1H0 SL J
/KJlWOflS JAI
JAIL?
But irANy&aoy flrtRts
CHfiMVlOU THE CAUSE Of
Trff WORKER.THEN He's
A D/Tf/tMER AND WQXSL,
Federated Labor Party Issues Statement on Position of Party
Speaker at Last Sunday's
Meeting Was W. W.
Lefeaux
Comrado W. W. Lefeaux addrossod a
packed audience nt tho Columbia theatre on Sunday night. In his opening
romnrks lie informed tho audionco that
it waB not his intension to amuse thom.
Tho existing chaos and consequently the
miserable condition of the mosses of
tho peoplo demand that tho workers
should study earnestly tho fundamentals of tlieir position in society. Ho
pointod out that tho aim of the S. P.
of C. was to educate tho workers to a
realization of their true status in society.
In dealing with the mental attitude
of the great mass of tho people tho
speaker Baid that they did not reason,
As a genoral rulo thoy actod instinctively and on tho impulBo of tho moment. ThiB acting instinctively could
be Been when a fire starts in a building
full of people. Tho first impulse is to
run and it is only when the reasoning
faculty is used that mere animal scrambling can bo avoided. Tho reasoning
being stops to think and asks himself
thc questions: Whero is tho fire? How
did it originate! Can it be put outf
and how can tho building bo vacated
without unduo injury? Attention was
drawn to the fact that the low typo
of mind wns largely due to the dogmatic teachings of a master class.
In presont day socioty thoro are two
schools of thought, the idcalogicul and
the materialistic. The ideological, while
accopting tho evolutionary theory, defy |
the unknown force or principle life. The j
materialistic soo no need for this know-,
ing that tho things which aro known
today were unknown yesterday nnd
that with tho progress of science that
which appears as wonderful and mystical will doubtless ultimately be explained.
That changing economic conditions
would force tho workers to use their
roasoning faculty was made clear by
the speaker. The hirelings and politicians had boen exploiting tho animal
type of mind of the great mass of the
people feeding it on illusions and keeping this mass on the border lino of
starvation. However, such a courso
could rtot go ou indefinitely. It wae
pointed out that the slave typo of mind
was abnormal and nn unnatural product.
Thc workers wero not now so susceptible to thc illusions of the politicians.
They were asking awkwnrd questions
these days aud although thoy lined up
shoulder'to shoulder io fight tho Boers
iu Soutli Africa, they now realize thut
they never got any Kimberley diamonds nnd that in tho interests of British capital-ism Chinese were brought
into Africa. In closing his address tho
speaker Buid that Ihe principal factor
iu thc exploitation of society by a relatively few individuals was the ignorance of ils mombors. The proper course
to follow is to teach the workers from
the workers' viewpoint; break down
the illusions in tho minds of tho workers, It is necessary to show Ihe workers that thoy have no stake in nny
country, they are propertyleHR and it
is not their interests to defend property
or the trading interest of the capitalists.
Are Chinamen Being Imported Inty This Province?
Is There Room for More Workers at This Time?
ON WEDNESDAY tho S.S. Monteagle arrived from the Far East. Her cargo consisted of many kinds of commodities, amongst which were between eight and nine
hundred packages of Chinese coinmodity.la|!jjr power. It is said by the authorities that
some of these Chinamen are bound for tho plantations in Cuba, the balance of them
being returned Chinamen, who have resided in this province in other days. A general
alarm was sounded amongst tho workers when thc news of the arrival of tho Chinamen
became known. With thousands of workers without employment in tho city of Vancouver and other parts of the province, and, if reports arc true, seven hundred returned
soldiers idle, and more following that will noed employment, the situation is already
serious enough. P. C. Wade, Agent-Qeneral for British Columbia in London, England,
is reported to have said recently, that this province can do with thousands of workers,
and that there is work for all. What are the Dominion and provincial governments
doing? Arc the Chinese that are coming into this province really returning, and is
there oppprtunity for more labor? Aro there any vacant jobs to bc filled? If so the
idle men already in the province, and the returning men, can fill them. Thc workers
demand that there shall be no more people brought to this province until thoso that are
already here, and those that have a legitimate right to return here from the battlefields
of Europe, are provided for.
Executive Passes Resolution
on Hawthomthwaite's
Stand
At thc last mooting of tho Fodorotcd
Labor Party executive, tho statements
of J. H. Hawthornthwaite at tho Co-
lumhiu Theatre in Vietoria last Sunday were discussed. Ono of tho members of tho executivo askod tho following question: "If onc old woman aged
75 in half an hour can chango tho
viows of J. H. Hawthornthwaite, what
would two womon (lo in an hour if they
woro much younger?" After considerable discussion thc following resolution wns adoptod:
RESOLVED:.. That this meeting
of the Vancouver Executive Oommlttee ef the Federated Labor
Party deprecates and strongly
disapproves of the expressions reported to have been made by Mr.
J. H. Hawthornthwaite on Sunday
evening last Ji regard to the Russian situation, based as tbey admittedly were, on very questionable
evidence.
Inasmuch    as    tho    Federated
Labor   Party,   in   common   wltb
other labor aggregations throughout the Empiro, and for tbe same
reasons as tbe British Labor Party
requested the British and Canadian
authorit.es to take their hands off
Bussia and allow that self-determination of future  destiny  which
has been so much prescribed; and
believing that a nation which has
so recently overthrown the worst
form of autocracy has as yet had
neither timo nor the proper opportunity without outside interference
to secure its foundations according to the will of its people; this
executive   committee   wishes   to
mako lt clear that the reported attitude of Mr. Hawthornthwalte Is
not tho attitude which the Federated  Labor  Forty bos  hitherto
g.ven expression to  and against
which there bas boen no evidence
submitted except tbe highly-colored
and   manifest   misrepresentations
ef a capitalistic  press  and  the
agents of tbo old regime in Russia.
NEEDS
OF WORKERS ARE
B.
C. F. of L Executive
Again Takes Up the
A
Shipyard Situation Is Still
Far From Satisfactory
to Workers
The shipyard situation is far from
boing disposed of to tho satisfaction of
the shipyard workors. At last night's
mooting of tho Metal Trados Council, it
communication was read from J. J.
Ooughlan and Sons, asking the support
of the council in a request for a Royal
Commission, to bc appointed to go into
ttio wage demands of the council. The
following resolution was passed, which
is self-explanatory:
It was resolved, That J. J. Coughlan
& Sons bo notified thnt this council will
Boilermakers
A Special
Meeting
of the Boilermakers
will be held on Sunday,
Jan. 26, at 2.30, in the
Dominion HaU.
Business   of   urgent
importance.
All members are requested to attend.
By order,
BI. A. McEacheran,
President
United Warehousemen's Association
Tho association held a very successful meeting on Friday last, tho attendance being very encouraging, and after
tho business of thc mooting, tho members wcro entertained by Bro. Jack
Kavanagh to a very interesting address,
which was followed by a musical programmo consisting of piano nud violin
selections, recitations and solos by somo
of thc members. Thoso taking part
wcro Bros. Durston, Dixon, Lamb, 6.
Shaw, J. Shaw, Forrest, Dickinson, Don-
aven, Fraser, Stnnden nnd Sparling.
Tho members wore surprised at the
class of tulont that they have in their
membership. Tho association has also
afflliated with the New Westminster
Trades and Labor Council for thc benefit of their mombers in that city.
Al
accept their suggestion for a Royal
Commission, providing tho firm pay the
ratos of wages demnnded from Monday,
January 27, pending findings of suid
commission, providing this offer is accepted by Friday noon, January 24,
l!)Ii), failing which wc refuse to submit,
our case to any commission, or board of
investigation.
This dceis;on has been forwarded to
Coughlan & Sons. Tho following wire
was received by Secrotary Welsh from
the minister of Labor:
"Ottawa, Ont., Jan 22, 10:19.
"F. W. Welsh, Labor Tomple, Vancouver, B. C.
"Coughlan & Sons indicato inability
to agree to Robertson wago schedule,
except on open sliop basis. Am suggesting to them and hereby suggest to
employees through you, that under present conditions it would seem to be desirable that the ngreement in elect mid
accepted by other employers and workmen in Van*'never, should be mttdo applicable in lho Coughlnn yards, 'flint,
if an adjustment by agreement is nof
possible, this department is willing lo
rslabliHh a board of conciliation to deal
with the mttttors in dispute, strictly on
tho merits of the case. The views of
tho men as lo this suggestion would be
appreciated.
"0. I). ROBERTSON,
"Minister of Labor."
A meeting of the executive of the
Metal Trndes Council nnd J. J. Coii<:h-
Inn wns held Thursday afternoon, nnd;
a decision will be reached by tlio firm
by Friday night. Tho result will be referred to a special meoting on Mutur-
I day night, I
W. W. Lefeaux at the Royal
Theatre on Sunday
Night
Two of tho best known speakers of
the Socialist Party of Canada will deliver addresses at noxt Sunday night's
propaganda meeting.
World events arc moving rapidly and
it behoves every mnn and woman to
get busy and endeavor to understnnd
the nature of the chango which has
been made necessary by the industrial
development of the pust. The more
widespread tho knowledge of the impending chango, nnd tho necessity for
it, the less will be   tho   turmoil   and
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Jon. 20—Typographical Union.
MONDAY, Jan. 27— U. B. Carpenters No. cil7, Roilormaki'r:',
Stoam Qngluoora, Amal^am-i*
i.'tl ISnglnoor-j, Puttbrnmnkora,
ITpliulsfcr; rs, Iron WorkerH,
Eloctrical Workers,
TUESDAY, Jan. 28—Barbors,
Amalgamated CarpoQtors, Mn-
(hiniHlH No. 777.
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 211—Motal
Trados Council, I.nnnJry Work*
ors, Boilermakers' Examining
Board.
THURSDAY, Jun. .30—Painters.
FRIDAY.   Joii.   SI—Pllodrlvors
nnd Wornifji H.id^emen,
SATUBDAH Fell. 1—Maohiniata
No. 777, lIlitikMniths.
FOOR LABOR PARTY
North Vancouver and New
Westminster to Meet
Sunday Afternoon
From now Cil furthor notice, u meeting of thc Federated Labor Party will,
be conducted in tho K. of P. Hnll,!
North Vancouver, at 3 o 'chick on Sun-,
day afternoons. The speaker on Sun-!
day first is Dr. W. J. Curry, who' will
deal with the "Cause and Cure of Bolshevism." Chair will be taken by .Mr.
VV. B. Trottor.
Mr. Charles Lestor will speak at the
Bex Theatre, and Mr. R. P. Pottipiocfl
at tho Broadway. Mr, Pettipiece will
also speuk at thc Now Westminster
meeting in thc afternoon. The attendance at the Broadway meeting is growing each Sunday. After next Hunday,
the Rex meetings will bo opened a half-
hour earlier.
A Challenge
Local No. 1, 8. P. of C. hus, through
ts secretary, issued a challenge to a
debato on Bolshevism, to the best
known urili-Bolshovik element in British Columbia-— Air. L. W. Makovski,
the writer of "Bolshevism as n Destructive Force" presently running iu
the columns of the Vancouver Province, nud James 11. Hawthornth wai to,
tho one-time Socialist member in the
Provincial Legislative Assembly. These
two representative!! of capital ideology,
apparently the only apologists of any
standing, have been prominent of late
in thcir efforts to befog (he minds of
the plugs who nre unfortunate enough
to live in thin prosperous burg, nnd
ihis action on the part of tho Socialist
Party will give them au opportunity
to mako good their utterances.
Jewellery Workora
The Jewellery Workers report tht;
loss of one of thoir members, Brother
V. I). MeOillivruy, a victim nf the
1' flu,'' followed by pneumonia. Ho
was an old-timer in the city, having
been in business on Main Street for a
number of years. He leaves to mourn
his loss a sorrowing wife. Local No. 42
extends to her their deepest sympathy
and much regret is felt by hi* brother
workers,
The funernl took placo Tuesday, tho
21st, at 3.30 p.m., from tho Mount
Pleasant Undertaking Parlors. Tlie
floral triblitos were many, auumjr them
it wreath from tho Jewellers' Union,
No Definite Promises Are
Made as to How They
WUl Be Met
On Friday last a deputation representing tho British Columbia Federation of Labor, consisting of Preside*!
McCallum, Vice-presidents Head and
Taylor, and Secretary Wells waited
upon tho Provincial Oovernment, with
respect to the legislative programme
laid down at the last convention of the
Federation. A. 8. Wells, in opening
reminded the governmont of tho promise given laBt March, to tho effect that
in tho event of any labor legislation
being contemplated, that samo would
bo submitted to tho executive of the
Federation.
Tho promier, in reply, stated that no
definite programmo of labor legislation
had been determined upon.
Thc first matter dealt with was the
separation of the department of Labor
from that of tho attorney general.
Attorney General FnrriB resented the-
criticism offered to the udm.'nistration
of this department, and Btated that ho
was not recommending the proposal being adopted. From the attitude assumed by tho cabinet, thero is little hopo
for this request of Lubor being granted.
Electoral Reforms
Tho question of electoral reform*
was thon takon up, tho delegation pointing out tho need for proportional representation, and the abolition of property qualifications for tho holding ot
public oflico, and the need for the elimination of election deposits. The premier stated that a now election aet
would be placed on tho statute book*
before tho next election.
I Company Towns
Strong representations were made by
tho members of tho delegation in ask-
ling for the opening of company towns,
i Mr. Pattullo, however, was not present,
lho being ill, and as this matter is directly under his department, nothing
could be learned of hiB views, tho cabinet generally conceded that something
Bhould bo done, and suggested that th*
provisions that had beon made with respect to Ocean Falls and Powell River,
might bo applied to other places "of a
liko nature.   Tho mombors of tho delegation staled that in theso places somo
littlo   betterment   was   conceded,   but
that thoy did not go fur onough.
Eight hour Day
Once again the eight-hour day was
pressed for, the members of the dclega-
(ion arg'\ng its passage as a measure tt>
alleviate the prevailing unemployment,
and as a safeguard agninst the future
The promier stated that Ihe lumber interests were opposed to the enactment
of this legislation, aud that tiiey had
stated that if legislation of ill's kind
was enforced, thnt they would bo com-
polled to go out of business. It was
then suggested by thc members of the
executive, thnt if the lumber interests
and other sections of thc manufacturing interests could not operate under
un eight-hour law, that thc government
should take over the basic industries
us had been done in many parts of
Australin. It Wns pointed out to the
mombors of the cabinet presont, that
this would bu the lust occasion on
which Labor wotdd usk for an eight*-
hour day, and that the working class
of not only this province, but of France
mid tho Old Land, were demanding a
six-hour day, nud thut at the coming
convention of the Federation, this
would no doulit be adopt ed as the programme of Labor.
Socrotary Wells was asked if he had
any solution for tho unemployed protj*
lem, he replied that ho had, but that he
recognized that tlie government could
not bring it about, und thnt the only
solution was tho abolition of tho present syBtem of production for profit
Many other matters pertaining to
legislation in the Intorests of the working class were tuken up, amongst which
were the protection of Longshore workers, and thc imi.iovt-me.it of the Military conditions in camps.
Or, JifftcLenn, Ministor of Healthy
staled ihut if thc workers in the camps
would muku coinplodntfl to ihe depart*
ment, when conditions were not satisfactory, that the complaints would ro
eeive immediate attention. He particularly appealed for cooperation in this*
respect.
No definite promises were made by
the cabinet, as to tin; ctirtet inert* oft
legislation, with (he exception to ttftf
changes which are to be made in tho
electoral laws, but consideration waa
promised to the mutters brought for-
wdrd by the delegation.
The members of lho cabinet present
were: Premier Oliver, lion. Mr. Fnrris,
Hon. Pr. King, Hon. Dr. MacLean, Hon.
Mr. Hart and Hon, Mr. Sloan, Over
two hours were occupied by the discua-
sien.
Sandy Wutclumvu B:tck In Shipyard
Sandy Watchman, who litis .given
splendid service lo the Woodworkers
all down the coast, for the past two
years, ns goneral organfoor for the U. B.
Oirpentots, hus resigned and resumed work in Ihe shipyiiril as a Jobber. Bro. Watch man will be missed,
not only in British Columbia, but in all
the shipynrd centres of the Pacific
const in Ihe United States, where he
hus rendered yeoman service during
his term as orgnnizer,
stress incidental to 11. The platform
i;i open for a limited period to anyone
who cur's In take it, eilher for or
ngainst the speakers. Questions. Doors
open 7;!J0 p, m., rhair tuken 8 p. m.
sharp, un early attendance is necessary
to secure a seat.
Engineers Local ti20
Members of Local 020 deeply regret
ihe loss of Bro. Kvelyn llollilis, formerly chief engineer ut tho General Hospital, who died on the 14th inst, from
the effects of Spanish influenza. -Mso
Bro. Hoy Burton, who died on the .18th
insf. in Now Westminster Hospital
from the effects of typhi.id f.-vor. Tho
doepost sympathy of the members of
Local ')_.(! is extended tu tlwt widous
and children of both these brothers.
Quito a number .f members have imen
reported seriously 111 wilh the .Spuuish
tin during the week. Brothers Percy
Ohapmitn, und Robort WitMon havo
been taken to the General llmnilnl in
ii serioiiH eond'fiou, but uro both "X
peo tod to recover, Bro. N. Oteen nnd
wife, who huve been seriously id for
the post two weeks, are convnl'.'cing,,
and expect to bn eut snd' accund r\p
usual in a few days. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY..... January 24, 1BU
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Men's High Grade
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ARNOLD&GUIGLEYl
ffWe Store thats always busy'
546Granville St. 546.1
£MK%A«-UPSTAIR5  CLOTHES SHOP
What's in a Name?
To vaudovillfi the word "Orphoum"
raeftflB Uie brut in tho -world—to Van-
•■unVi.r thu
Orpheum Cafe
moanB the best eating placo in towu;
muBln   and   dniiclitg   in   the   ovening.
Drop   in    any   time.    Biggest   union
lioiiso in Vancouver.
762 OBANVILLE Opp.  Orphflum
LIc'Onse No.  10-1756
ORPHEUM
^THEATRE1 **
PLATING ORPHEUM CIRCUIT VA0DBVH.L1
Matinee.
 2:80
Iveningi _. 8:30
Lahor Wants U. S. to Retain Roads
Every indication points to lho labor
uuioiiH as the leaders in the movement
for having the government retain the
railroaihi. Mombors of the house interstate commeree committee at Washington ure receiving govornment ownership petitions daily, from unions
throughout the country. ^^^
COAL
WE   GIVE   "SEBVIOE"   AND
QUALITY
Evans, Coleman &
Evans, Limited
Phones:
Seymour 2988 and Seymour 226
Vancouver Drug Co.
SPECIALS FOR
FRIDAY AND SATURDAY
POPULAR MEDICINES
50c Gin Pills 30c
26c Nature's Itomody TaWfts  17c
SOo Thprniogiilio  - 33c
25c Mecca Ointment  18c
$1.00 Chase's Liver Cure  67c
25c m_ Lai  160
50o Mentholatum  34c
75c BiBurated  Mngne*.ia  67c
50c Pruitativcs  86c
Sl.00 Reld's Blood Purifier  74e
50o Zambuk  S6c
85o Jad  Salts   67c
25c Reid's Boracic Ointment  17c
50c Blaud's Pills 26c
$1.00 Keid's Syrup of Hypophos*
phltes    74c
lfl.00 Liyuiil Sulphur  ...68c
$1.00 Nujol    76c
BOBBER OOODS
$2.00 Hot Wnter Bottle —fl.lB
$1.60 Hot Water Bottlo        88c
$3.50 Feinalo Syringe  $1.08
$1.50 Household Syringo    88c
50c Rnliticr Gloves     28c
35c Infnnt   Syringe       23c
Vancouver Drug Co.
Limited
Original Out-Rate Druggists
MAIN STOBE
406 Bastings W. • Se;. 1866 aud 1966
BBAHOH STOBES
7 Hastings W. Sey. 8632
782 GranvUle St. Se;. 7013
Oor. Oranvllle and Broadway
Bay. 2314 and 17440-
412 Main Stroet Se;. 2032
1700 Commorcial Drive
High. 236 and 1733*0
SLATER'S
QUALITY, SERVICE, FREE DELIVERY
Canada Food Board Ucense No. 8-22774
FRESH MEAT DEPAETMEKT
Finest local Iamb, shoulder,
pur punnd ™..S6WC
Legs, local Iamb, Ib S7yac
Loins, local lamb, Ib 87VjC
Blew,  local lamb,   Ib ESC
Boiling Beef, per tt lflc
Pot Roast, per Ib up 80c
PORK SPECIAL
Finest Pork shoulders, ribBi
35o Ib; Saturday only 2B'/3c
Leg of Pork, per »...-. 38>/9o
...aufl
Crisco, per tin  _..
Tomatoel, largB tlni  SOo
Sunlight Holp, 4 for  .....86c
. Royal Crown Soap, 6 for 26-D
■ BardlnoB, 3 for - 2B=
Pork and Beam, 8 for...- ...86o
Fry's Cocoa, 2 for  *fic
PROVISION DEPARTMENT
Sliced Streaky Bacon, Tb..........50c
Siloed Boneless Ham,  Ib -60c
Sliced Ayrshire Roll,   lb 60c
Sliced Smoked Backs, tt .6Ge
EGOS—EGOS—EGGS
Alberta Cooking Eggs, dozon....S6c
Alberta Fresh  Eggs,  dosen 7Bc
BUTTEB—BUTTER—BUTTER
Finest No. 1 Alberta. 3 lbs 91.60
Fine Alberta Butter, 8 lba—91.60
Finest Ontario Cheese, per tt 36c
Finest   Puro liard,    Ib 36c
Fines.  Compound Lard,   tt 30c
finest Beef Fat,   tt 20c
Finest Beef Suet,  lb 26c
Finest Bt-of  Dripping,   tt 26c
Salt Pork, per  tt 40c
3--BIG STORES--3
123 Hastings Street Esst
830 Granville Street
3260 Main Street
Phone Sey. 3262
Phone Sey. 866
Phone Fair. 1683
WE DELIVER ALL OVEB THE OITT AND SUBURBS
BF
Where Do the Interests of
Capital anti Labor Come
Together
It
Is Useless to Deny the
Class Struggle These
Balmy Days
[hy W. Head.]
The worda '' reconstruction'' and
"Bolshevism" liavo become such .veil
known words since tlio world has been
mndo aufo from democracy that it is
quite (he thing, donteheknow to spread
theso magic wordy promiscuously over
tho pages .of the daily press. Consequently it is perfectly in order for the
workers press to fall in line with the
goneral policy. That tho powers that be
uro eminently desirous of reconstructing their broken down system of produetion -is plainly evident, when that
wonderful body, the Vancouver Board
of Trade is sending out peaco feelers, of
course, its action in asking for representatives of thc local trades council
to confer with members of that body
may or mny not have emanated from tho
innor councils of that body, but thero
is a lurking suspicion that such is tho
ease, uud if this is so, thoso gentlemen
are experiencing a wonderful change
of heart, for it is only a short timo
ago that they scorned the idea of over
again having dealings with such a body
of traitors, etc They even went so far
as to try to stage a miniature civil war
and were thc instigators in nn attompt
to wreck buildings occupied by unionists, so thc Trades Council may bo well
excused for thcir refusal to have any
truck with such individuals. It is very
doubtful whother much good could be
accomplished by a mooting botweon tho
two bodies representing as they do two
diametrically opposed factions between
whom there is nothing in common,
ono representing tho exploiters and the
other the exploited. Of course, tho degraded peoplo who assert that the interest of capital and lnbor aro diametrically opposed are very narrow minded in their views, at least, that is what
the Hon. John Oliver stated before the
Rotary Club n short time ago. Apparently Honost John is catering to the
interests who provide the campaign
funds, Honest John? says that "men
are being taught to look upon stored
up wealth which is called capital as a
danger" and men arc going to meetings holding tho views that the employer of labor is tho greatest enemy
of mankind instend of being his greatest friend." "Falso doctrine is being
taught throughout the land. What is
boing done to counteract it?" Honest
John proposes a campaign of education
to show thc true relation between capital and labor. He says, "Wo want a
campaign of education wliich will show
that capital which is, after all, the
stored up wealth of labor, is the bost
friend mankind has, and is tho only
wuy which human intelligence has discovered up to the present timo by
which you and I con make provision
for thoso dependent upon us." Given
as it was before nn aggregation of individuals whoso interests lie in exploiting labor, this address would no doubt
provide soothing balm to tho tortured
souls of the capitalistic inclined membors of the Eotary Club. Let tho Hon-
orablo John como ond peddle that line
of bunk beforc an audience of workors,
included among whom will be a fair
proportion of thoso who cannot And
work owing to what Honest John so
fittingly terms accumulated wealth, ho
will no doubt bo plied with some questions that will probably be n source of
education to him. If John's capitalist
friends aro such friends of mankind,
why do they oppose labor ot every turn,
it is only a short time ago that a delegation of working mon visited John
Oliver's government und askod for
about the tenth time for tho enactment
of legislation that would tend to relieve
the unemployed problem, namely the
universal eight-hour day. This measure,
by the wuy, was promised after the
war. A bunch of theso aforesaid
friends of labor had peddled a line of
bunk to the government that an eight-
hour day would put them but of busi-
ucss; those friends! of mankind wero
members of thc Lumbermen's Association. Can the Honorablo John
tell us where the identity of interests comes in there? Doesn't
this little incident show that thc interests of capital and lnbor aro diametrically opposed? These capitalist interests claim that they cannot make a
profit by inaugurating n decent working day. In other words the workers
hnve to work longer hours and others
Twin Bute Is a Name
used to designate superior work
manship and the highest attainable quality in a brand of work
garments	
IT IS sewn into every pair of Overalls, every Work Shirt, that is
produced by Union workers, in a clean, airy factory, operating on the very finest of cloths the market affords.   So don't
just ask for Overalls or Shirts, insist on TWIN BUTE work garments.
WORLD WIDE NEWS
FRANCE
Reconstruction Programme of Syndicalists
Thc Central Federation of Labor of
France has issued a reconstruction programmo which calls, among other
things, for the constitution for a league
of nations through the free co-operation
of all the people for the abolition of
economic war after this war, for disarmament, for tho establishment of an
international bureau of transportation,
and reparation of raw material, for the
internationalization of colonies, and for
programme of no annexations, no
punitive indemnities ,and self-determination for all peoples. Other features
of tho manifesto are the demand for a
seat on the part of labor tn tho peace
conference, greetings to tho Russian,
Austrian, Hungarian and German workers, demands for the restoration of freo
speech, and assemblage, amnesty for
civil and military war prisoners, thc
recognition of syndical rights for all
workers, and an oight-hour day.
* •    *
What to Do With Munitions Plants
The national conforonco of workers
in tlie chemical powder mills, recently
hold in Paris, wont on record against
tho proposal raised In many quarters to
closo the munition plants erected by
thc government at great cost, and to
sell them to private companies for industrial purposes. The conferonco
points out that experts have testified
that these plants can easily be turned
over into government-owned chemical
fertilizer plants, or into dye works, or
into establishments for tlio manufacture of other articles now imported
from foreign countries. It demands the
appointment of a mixed commission of
parliamentarians and representatives of
the labor unions for immediate investigation of and action on this problem.
* *   •
New Elections Postponed
For months the Socialists of France
have demended that new elections take
placo at tho earliest possible moment,
and that theso elections bo preceded by
a chango in thc electoral systom. Tho
French government has decided, however, to postpono the elections until
after the signing of the peaco treaty
and then to conduct them according
to the old electoral system.
GERMANY
Abolition of Night Work
It is on interesting fact that on tho
third day nftor the Socialists took hold
of thc government of Germany, nighf.
work ond Sunday work was abolished
in all bakeries and confectioneries
throughout Germany. The abolition of
night work has beea a Socialist demnnd
throughout the world, and the Socialists of Germany proceeded at onco to
put this part of their programme into
operation in various industries, notably
Me ones nbove mentioned.
RUSSIA
, Co-operation in Archangel
A recent report of tho Archangel Cooperative Union shows that practically
the whole population of the Archangel
province is united in various co-operative societies. There are over 500 consumers' societiej(())vitli a membership of
127,000 persons. : Besides these, other
than consumers, such as credit socio-
ties, societies for timber felling, for
producing tar, creameries, otc. The report estimates that the membors togothor with their families thus linked
up in various co-operative enterprises
aggregate 500,000 persons, which is almost equal to the whole population in
the province.
GREAT BRITAIN
Labor Strong in British Election
Abraham Cahan, editor of tho Jewish Dnily Forward, of Now'York, has
cabled the following interesting dnta
concerning the British elections:
"Thc report of the resultB of the
elections in England aro very interesting. The figures show that the Union
Party, which had a tremendous vie-'
tory in the elections, received 3,700,000
votes, and elected 350 members of parliament. The Labor Party received
2,700,000 votes and elected only 65
members of parliament. While Jhc
Union Party elected one member to
every 10,000 of its votes, tho Labor
(Continued on page 6)
TWIN BUTE Overalls v
an Rip-proof and
tor-proof.
Jas. Thomson & Sons, Ltd.
Makers of TWIN BUTE WORK Garments
VANCOUVER, B. C.
havo got to bc unemployed in order
to allow these capitalists to accumulate thc "stored up wealth of labor"
and as the Hon. John says, enablo "you
and I to make provision for those dependent upou us," Probably ho means
t he members o f the Rotary Club
and himself. An article in the
daily press ot a few days ago
gives o littlo indication of thc poverty
stricken conditions of thoso lumbering
interests. Tho manager of the Fraser
River Mills was said to receive $1,000
a month. This is a concern that published a very attractive balance sheet
a few months ago, which showed them
to be in a very flourishing condition.
Other managers were paid $10,000 a
year, while anofher wos paid the measly sum of $000.00 a month. While thi A
mill was operating in full aud $300.00
a month while the planing mill was
dosed down. Tin-He facts again demonstrate the benevolence of the employers
of labor when they will pay their slave
drivers such princely salaries and at
the same time strenuously oppose the
shortening of the work day in an endeavor to keep the industrinl reserve
army at sufficient numerical strength
lo act as regulator to keep wagos at
a level low enough to enable tho employing class to obtain a parasitic existence. Thc Hon. John would no doubt
inaugurate a campaign of education?
that would have for its object tho denial of the existence of a class struggle despito the fact that all tho pow
ers of the state aro being exercised in
tin attempt to cope with the industrial
unrest which is looming up on tho horizon. Even tho capitalist press is cog-
nizitiit of this fact wben they publish
cartoons showning hunger and injustice
as the parents of Bnlshevij<m. No, John,
old as you are, it class struggle wns in
existence long years before you were
born and the existence of such a struggle precludes the idoa-of the exploiter
and exploited ever living side by sidi
in terms of friendship, ond while the
presently constituted Trade Union
movement is merely a movement that
procures a series of truces with capi
tnl, Ihe time is rapidly approaching
when it will engage in a class War and
when it does good bye Rotary Clubs,
Hoards of Trade, John Olivers, etc., for
then and then only will that true
brotherhood appear in this world that
yon so glibly prate about when you say
that the wur should teach us there is
ii common brotherhood of mun.
IS
NEEDEO-NOf
The Conflict Is Between the
New and the Old
in Society
The War Has Brought This
Great Struggle to a
Climax
[By John L. Martin]
After four years of wanton destruction, of a socioty tearing itself to
pieces, the thoughts of mankind naturally turn to the problems of reconstruction. Generally speaking there nro two
kinds of reconstruction. Ono consists
in tho re-assembling of the old parts
disintegrated by tlio passage of worn-
ont customs, institutions and ideals, on
the basis as existed prior to tho war.
The other aims to remodel socioty on
an entirely new basis, using for its material, the newer elements, tho prosent
world situation open to view.
It is evident that to even attompt
to reconstruct on thc former basis is to
merely patch up tho old society, with
ita consequent possibilities of futuro
political and economic strife. Tho newer plan is to discard what has decayed
in the crucible of tho great war and
utilize tho now socinl forces for tho
basis of an entirely new social structure. Society, liko every other organism, is perpetuated by tho force of
tho new eliminating the incrturo of the
old. It has thus developed, that the
war just concluded has been but an
incident iu the great war transcondont
over all others, tho conflict botwoen
new and old. In other words, it is but
one of the historical skirmishes whero
the newer sociul ideas seek to vanquish
that which is already tottering to decay. Thc world in its presont state of
flux, presents phenomena calling, for
much thought. Society can never bo
thc samo, and all efforts on the part of
reactionaries to make it so, nro attempts to have repeated, tho horrors of
tho past. For the most^art such pooplo ignore tho world's evolutionary process. They ignore or endeavor to' frustrate the stops takon by socioty in itB
successive revolutions. To them every
revolutionary link in the evolutionary
chain is an object of grave concern,
and every social upheaval, "a reign of
terror." The fear manifested is naturally associated with resentment
against those who threaten their fancied security. The conservative minds
of today of course forget that theirs
is the same experience as those who
preceded them, and who opposed us
strenuously ns they, the onward march
of a progressive socioty.
Tho great war just ended, brings to
a climax a conflict whero tyranny and
democracy are at death-grips. The people who woro drivon to the shambles
by their tyrannical masters are now
demanding a reckoning. They aro now
asking the rensons for whicli they
fought. The various subterfuges advanced fail to answer the question
raised. The workers fail to see "notional honor" in tho persecution of
those who dare to think or speak the
truth. The people of Ireland fail to
see the freedom for which thoy fought,
in tho crushing of their aspirations for
self-government. The peoplo as a
whole fail to see the "freedom of the
seas" in the might of powerful navies,
or in the control by nny nation of
water-ways such as tho Straits of Gibraltar, or the Panama Canal. They look
askance at pious experssions of " self-
determination" when they see those
who preach it, sending troops to Russia to frustrate tho government, be it
right or wrong, that the peoplo of that
country desire. "What about Mooney
and Billings?" is asked when this
country boasts of its democratic iusti
tutiona. The soldiers who have been
fighting military domination, find on re*
turn .to tlieir native land, that they
have an eveu greater enemy to overcome—the industrial tyranny of corporations and trusts. When the soldiers
return to find that while thoy have been
piling thc tields of Europo with millions of dead, the profiteers have been
piling wealth by its millions nnd billions, nnd when they are uguin thrown
back oa the industrial market to struggle for jobs, with the threatening terror of poverty and destitution, while
the industrial magnate wallows in
weulth, they will ask themselves,
"What has it all been about?"
Tho recent strikes in PortugalL Spnin
nud iu Spanish America, the revolt of
the Sinn Feiners in Ireland, the growing strength of the labor party in Great.
Britain, the Mooney and Biilings outrage in America, the SparticaiiH in Germany, nnd the Bolsheviki in Russia, the
revolt of tho Canadian soldiers when
leaving for Siberia, all indicate that
the present social ordor to uso the
words of Mueanley "hangs loitering
above the boiling tide."
When all this confronts us our minds
naturally drift to thoughts on reconstruction. But here is whero wc must
take cure. Any plnn for reconstruction
to satisfy requirements must be based
on sound economic principles. Anything
based merely on sentiment or political
clap-trnp will miserably fail to give thc
world what it needs. The needs of tho
world are economic and no moro philosophy can satisfy it. Justice, not
mere academic or political justice, but
justice bom of the people themselves,
can heal society's wounds.
Speakers and writers mny expound
their respective plans for reconstruction, but to the organized workers bolong tho task of preparing the wny for
renl and sound reconstruction. To the
end that this will be made possible, the
forces of labor must also bo reconstructed. It must be a movement of
labor and for lubor. It must be shorn
of all coutrol by self-sooking politicians
and schemers, It must be tho working
eluss itself, animated by an uucoinpro
mining desiro to make the world safo
for democrncy. Prejudices regarding
color, creed or nationulity must be eliminated. In order to prepare for u world
peace mid democracy, the workers must
weld themselves into u world organization. This accomplished, world-wide
soeial democracy is assured.
Paper Rulers Ulnte
Bostou—Paper   rulerN   in   this   city
have organized and affiliated with the
You will not
be "soaked"
t_ So many pooplo neglect thoir
eyes even when they know
thoy should have them attended to—whon they know
they should bo wearing
glasses—beeauso they are
afraid thoy will be overcharged—aud because of the
uncertainty of tho cost.
_ I want any of you union men
who feel that you may require
glasses—you or your wives—
to como in and lot mo examine your eycB. Let mo tell
you what is wrong—if anything—what it will cost to
give you glassos that will
mako seeing and living more
comfortable.
*JQ My optical sorvico is the
most ofliciont and tho most
reasonable on tho coast.
Seymoar 1093
J. D. GAMBLE
Manager
OranviUe Optical Oo.
819 GRANVILLE STBEET
Bolow Drysdala's
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADEB AND LABOR COUNCIL—MEETS
fint ind third Thursdaya. Executive
board: Jtaeiident, E. Winch; vlcc-prmldeut,
J. Kavanagh; aeeretary and bnaineai agent,
V. R. Midgley; treaaurer, V. Knowlea;
■«rgeant-at-anna, J. P. fools; truteea, J.
U. McVety, J. Hubble, A. J. Crawford, W.
A. Pritchard.
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL—
Moeta aeoond Monday in the month. Preaident, Geo. Bartley; aeoretary,  R,   H.  Neelanda, P. O. Box 86.
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNA^
tional Union of America, Looal No. 120—
Meeta aecond and fourth Tuesdays In the
month, Room 206 Labor Temple. Preaident,
0. E. Hewitt; eecretary, S. H. Grant, 820
Gamble Street.
BROTHERHOOD OP CARPENTERS, LOCAL
No. 617—Meeta every second and fourth
Monday evening, S o'clock, Labor Temple.
President, M. McKensle; financial seeretary,
G. Thom, 0 Dufferln Street East; recording
secrotary, J. R. Campbell; business agent,
Walter Thomas, Room 208 Labor Temple.
Phono Sey. 749-5.
WIOTUKRHOOD OP BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpera of
Amorica, Vancouvor Lodge No. 194—Meets
overy Monday, 8 p.m. President, M, A. Mc-
Kacliem. 1245 Alborni St.; seoretary-treaa-
uror, Angus Prnaer, 1151 Howo St.; business
__]__[> J^A. Moor.', Kuuiii 212 ]_ubor Tomplo.
HOTEL AND RESTAURANT EMPLOYEES
Looal 28—Meets ovory first Wednesday in
the month at 2.80 p.m. nnd every third
Wi'dnoaday in the month at 9.80 p.m. President, Harry Wood; socretary and business
ngent, W. Mackenzie, Room 200 Labor Temple. Phone Sey. 1881. Office hours: 11 to
12 noon; 2 to 5 p.m.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
Operating Engineers, Local No. 620—
Meets every Mondny, 7.80 p.m., Labor Temple. President, J. R. Flynn, 810 Moodio St.,
Nen- Westminster; vice-president, D.Hodges;
secretary-treasurer and bualneaa agent, W, A.
Alexander, Room 216 Labor Temple. Phone
Sey.  7495.
KLECTHICAL WORKERS, LOCAL ~No. 218
—Meets iu Room 206, Labor Temple,
evory Monday, 6 p.m. President, H. Burnes,
1162 Powell Street; recording socretary, W.
Foulk-ea, Labor Temple; flnanclal necretary
and business agent, E. H. Morrison, Room
207 Labor Temple; assistant secretary, F.
R. Burrows.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 3862--Ofllce and hall, 804
I'endor Street Weat. Meeta first and third
Fridays 8 p.m. Secre tary-treasurer, G.
Thomas;  buslneas agent, A. Hill.
AMALOAMATED MEAT CUTTERS AND
Butcher Workmen's Union No, 643—Meeta
flrat and third Tuesdays of each month.
Labor Temple, 8 p, ni. President, H. E.
Wills; recording aeoretary, Fred. Lilly; financial secretary and business agent, T. W. Anderson, 587 Homer street.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
Amorica (Vancouver and vicinity)—
Branch meots second and fourth Mondays,
Room 204 Labor Temple. Presidont, J.
Banforth, Euclid Ave., Colllngwood Eaat;
financial secretary and business agent, H. 8.
NightscMiK, 276-— 56th Ave Eaat, South
Vancouver; rocordlng socrotary, E. West-
moroland,''i]247 Point Urey Road. Phono
Unyview 29791,.
SHIPYARD LABORERS, RIGGERS AND
Fasteners, I.L.A., Local Union 88A, Series
5—Meets tho 2nd and 4th Fridays of the
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, J.
N. Boult; financial secretary, M. A. Phelps;
business agent and corresponding secretary,
W.Lee. Office, Room 219-220 Labor Temple.
STREET AND ¥lECTRIC~^RAILWAY" EH-
ployeea, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, W. H, Cottrell;
treasurer, E. S. Cleveland; recording seoretary, A. V. Lofting, 2661 Trinity Street.
phono High. lfifiR; financial seoretary and
bnulness agent, Fred A. Hoover, 2400 Clark
Drive, olB-go corner Prior ^nd Main streets.
GENERAL TEAMSTERS ~ AND" "oHAUF"
fours' Union, Local "No. 656—Meets every
2nd and 4th Wednesdays 8 p.m. President,
W. M. Brown; businoss agent, F. Haslett,
125 Fifteenth avenue east; financinl sucn-
tnry, Birt Showier, 1120 Rohnon street:
pbone, Sey. 5679.    Offlee, 587 Homer street.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UN10N~No. 226—Moots
Inst Sundny of each month at 2 p.m.
President, R. Mnrshall; vUe-prcaident, W,
II. Jordan; see re tary-treasurer, R. H. Noe-
lands, Box 68,
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Meets in
annual convontion in January. Executivo
officers, 1618-10: President, Duncan McCallum, Labor Temple, Vancouver; vice-
presidents—Vancouver Island, Walter Head,
South Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; Prince
Rupert, W. E. Thompson; Vancouver, E.
Winch, W. R. Trotter; Now Westminster, P.
Peebles; West Kootenay, Marcus Martin,
Nelson; Crow's Nest Pass, W, A. Sherman,
Fernie. Secretary-treasurer, A, S. Wolls,
Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St., Vancouver,
B. C.
VIOTOBIA, B. O.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADEB AND
Labor Counoil—Meets first and third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias Hall, North
Park Street, at 6 p.m. President, B. Simmons; vico-presldent, T, Dooloy; seoretary-
treasurer, Christian Slverti, P. 0. Box 802,
Victoria,-B. C.
SOUTH WELLINGTON, V. Z.
LOCAL UNION, No. 872, U. M. W. of A.-
Meets first Sunday in every month t p.m.,
Richards Htll.    President,   Jai.   Bateman;
vice-president, Andrew Parker; recording
seoretary, Jaa. Fearon; flnanclal secretary,
William MacDonald; treasurer, J. H. Richardson.
International Brothorhood of BooVbin
fk'i'H.
Inditinapolts—During tho month o!
Dt'i-oinbor, 018 now momhorH joined th<
liitoriKitioiial Brothorhood of Bookbi:
dors. Tho brothorhood has insu«d
charter to tho mun und womon employed in tho KnnwiH City papor box industry, cutters, gluing machine oporntorn
nud tiHtuHtantfl.
January
Clearance Sale
SILKS
GEOUP Wo. 1
Consists of lovely Silks, and of
splendid qunlity. You will know
many of thom—Georgette Crope,
Silk Not, hoavy Habutai, Satins,
heavy lining Silks, Mossojinos,
colored Shantung, Crcpo do
Chine, figured kimona Silks and
figured Ninon. Thoso silks aro
worth to $1.75, Choice of QQ
Group No. 1, per yard.... t/OC
GBOUP No. 2
In Lot 2 nro tho Chiffon Taffetas,
bettor grades of Messaline, Silk
nnd Wool Poplin, Chiffon Crcpo,
tho woll known Silk Serge, Char*
mouso Satin, Cropo do Chino,
Novelty Plnid Silks, striped
Taffetas, striped Mossalinos and
Habutai Silks. You may rceog*
nizo theso as our really fine silks.
Values to *3.75 a yard. Choico
of Group No. 2, A.   aq
por yard  «P 1 ."o
Saba Bros.
Limited
VheSilkSpcdalhlt
862 GRANVILLE STBBBT
Excelsior Laundry
Limited
554-556 Richards Street
Vancourer
Drop Calls can be made
after hours
TROGADERO
CAFE
For Union Men
166 HASTINOS STBEET WBST
Phone Sey. 935
THE BEST PLACE TO EAT IN
VANCOUVEB — UNION OABD
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—iwiivb raw TABLBB—
(■nuwlek-Bslk. Oolfoad.r Oo.)
—BtXioutK, lor -galea llu—
Ualoa-nadi   Tobacco,,   Oinr,   y|
Oaljr Wait. Htll Ia»lojtl
42 Hastings St. East
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
<U HlitUfl ItTMt WMt
OLEIAND DIBBLE ENOBAV-
INO OOMPANT
United
PHOTO EMOBAVBBS — OOMMBBOIAL
ABTIBTS
Phon* Seymonr 7160
Third noor, World Baildlaf
VANOOtTVEB, B. O.
—Tho only Union Bhop ia Vancouver—
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 OEOBOIA STBBBT
Ono Block Wost of Court House
Use of Modern Chapol and
Funornl Parlors froe to all
Patrons
Telephone Seymour 2426
LooDaoa>.
W w
^Palr^
THE LONDON GRILL
7*V_' kohs6n sr
Patronize  Federationist   advertisers
and tell them why yon do so. OmOUL   PAPEB   VAHOOUVEB
TB4DBS  ASD  LABOB   OOU»OIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OJTIOIAI*  PAPBB  BBITUB  001-
tfMBIA  PIDBBATIOH  Or  LABOB
DL-   I
ELEVENTH YEAR.   No. 4       EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 24,1919
Reliable Dentistry
_ Inasmuch a dental bridge or plate—or indeed
dental work of any kind is not a matter of daily
purchase, it behooves you to look well into the
reputation of your dentist for reliability and the
thoroughness of his workmanship. I count
among my patients hundreds upon hundreds of
union men and their families who will be proud
to show you tho work I have done for them. The
thoroughness of my work speaks for itself, and
my patients will tell you that my charges are
most reasonable. I believe in fair profit for the
▼ery finest class of work. You arc invited lo come
to mc for examination and estimate.
IJ The bost of matorinls—thoroughness of workmanship—fair prices.
This is my proposition.
Opposite
Woodward's
DR. LOWE
Fine Dentistry
HASTINOS AND ABBOTT
SALE ENDS
FEBRUARY 1st
Reductions in Men's and Boys' Suits and Overcoats,
Felt Hats, odd lines of Shirts, Gloves and Men's
Trousers. Great bargains up to February 1st, after
which we show Spring goods.
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
309 to 315 Hastings St. W.     Union Store     Tel. Sey. 8380
Treea Out Flowen, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, Jr*
namental a_ Shade Treat, 8eeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FL0BIBT8 AMD NT/BBEBYMEH
e-STOBES-1
M Hastings itreet But, 1*7* 988*471 - 788 Oran-rtlle ItreM, Uy. Mil
10% OFF TO ALL SOLDIEBS AND THEIR FAMILIES
Individual Dentistry-What Is It?
Tt is thu giving of a personal touch to dental work—im pnrt ing to it that
individuality that is peculiarly your own.
The personality of an individual cxtonds even to tho teeth—in fact, to a
great degree it is because of the teeth—their formation, adjustment, etc.,
that your countemuiee is distinctive. Individual dentistry proservea
that distinctive appearance when work is done on thc teeth.
I preach and practice Individual Dentistry. Call and see examples of
my work and ita pleasing result.
Phone  Soymour 3331
X-Ray films taken; 10-year
ffiinrantefl    Ri von;    Victory
Bonds   taken   in   exchange
for Dental Work.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
602 Hastings St. W. Cor. Seymonr St.
Oflico Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings Until 8 o'clock
MEN LIKE OUR SHOES
THAT'S THE SEASON WE SELL SO MANY OF THEM!
We crowd moro quality and value into our Men's Union-made
Shoes than you'll see elsewhere for ^he money. This is a
Union Store, and we want every Union man to come here for
his Shoes.
The Ingledew Shoe Go.
666 GRANVILLE STREET
"VANCOUVER'S UNION SHOE STORE"
T. B. HILL
Just before stock-taking, we are offering our entire
stock at prices which will make them sell. It will
pay a working man who has only a few dollars to
spare to investigate. Following are a few of the
reductions for this week:
:-:::™s:!;i::r ;"~:.:::j::.:™: :n:*r,::.,"M™::;:.::.:-i,::r:::,:,:":.^::';';,:,",_::-:":;,:s:::: I"; ::.:"::r:::.:::,::::,;-;,!;,;™"i;s™i::is™:?;
Men's 50o Suspenders    25^
Men's Tweed Caps, worth to $1.75, at    75<£
Men's Work Gloves, worth to $1.00, at    50|.
Men's Work Gloves, worth to $1.25, at    85<£
Men's Work Gloves, horsehide, worth $2, at $1.35
One mixed line of Boys' Suits, worth to $11.50,
at $6.85
Mixed line of Boys' Suits, worth to $14.50, at $8.85
T. B. HILL
117 HASTINGS
STREET EAST
Workers Must Have Power
to Bring About the   .
Needed Change
Many well meaning persons who havo
not carefully studied revolutionary po*
riods and tho advent to power of tho
various classes in history, are being
bewildered by tho sickly mouthings of
ballroom revolutionists on what thoy
call tho undemocratic proletarian dictatorship. A littlo digging will soon
clear away any mists that may have
boon formed by theso "pale pink"
democratized.
Tho class strugglo is a war inherent in tho capitalist system duo to tho
fact that the capital clasa livo by robbing tho working cluss. This class
struggle is a process and passes through
evolutionary development- as everything oIbo within this universe. The
class strugglo reaches its final phnso of
development in what is called a revolution. The revolutionary period is determined by tho total impossibility of
further proporty relations existing
alongside of the productive forces of a
givon society. The revolution breaks.
The war of tho contending classes
comes clear to tho Burface.
Now it is up to tho rising class to
wrest political powor from tho ruling
cluss, in order to instituto ita own economic and political regime. This was
the case with tho bourgeois und tho
aristocracy and the methods pursued
by tho present ruling capitalist class
to gain supremacy ean bo easily ascertained by reading tho history of tho
English, French and German revolution
of tho sixteenth, seventeenth and early
eighteenth centuries. But lot us to our
own class and tho present period of
revolution. Russia, Gormany, Austria
1'oland, Bulgaria, etc., have reached tho
iinal stugo of tho class war. It is up
to the proletarian to seize political
power nnd hold it to resist counter revolution and institute the socialist commune. To call a constituent assembly
is but tho retaining of tho old political
structure of capitalism. Tho socialist
structure comes from the industrial bottom up, not tho political domination
down. Tho workers certainly must
havo political power first, or botter,
what wo have referred to proletarian
dictatorship, in order that the common
ownership and common administration
of production for uso may bo performed. But the proletariat cannot succeed
through tho old bourgeois machinery
of state. This has been demonstrated
in tho commune of '71, in Russia, ih
Germany. Tho constituent assembly
would givo tho voto to all parasites,
vampires, loafers who havo lived by
tho exploitation of labor all thoir lives.
It would give it to all tho hangers on
of tho system to all tho gambling,
cheating, frauding elements who desiro capitalism to remain so that thoy
could continuo their robbery, Somo
say: "But at that wo must bo demo*
eratic aud permit everyone the snmo
righti" Would you permit u burglar
the right of voting on whother he
should rob your hovel? Would you permit a leach to express a wish as to
whether ho would like lo suck your
blood? Would you givo a set of crooks
who havo lived by lying nnd fraud tho
right to say how industrious and honest people should conduct thcir affairs?
Would you givo military murderers,
such as Von Hiudenburg and Luden-
tlorff, the right to say whether thero
should bo wars or not? Would you ask
tho house of Rothchilds, tho plunderers of Europe, to say whether privato
property in the means of production
and distribution should bc maintained?
No. You would not. They why sit in
assembly and argue with such rogues,
thieves and legal murderers? Thc
master class have had all these years
at their mercy to dope tho working
class, to lie to them, to bewilder them.
Tho working class must havo dictatorship to destroy all this poison, and
that which will remain from such
filthy system. They must have power
to iustitute the structuro of tho New
Day, anil this they will havo to light
for.
Tho Sparlacan group of Germany are
right, and justified by every law und
ethic of tho revolution to strive for
this power, and wo believe that though
they will huve to snerifice some of their
noblest, they will eventually obtain this
power.
It is noteworthy that all thoso who
havo so insisted on bourgeois democratic action in Russia and Germany
ultimately came ont itt their true colors,
and stood with tho capitalist class. This
timlduoss, and what they call their
"intrinsic lovo of justice," whutever
that might be, is camouflage for their
support of the master class. Look at
Kerensky, the betrayer, look at the
viper Seliiodeniunn; listen to the wailing of thoso sociul patriots of this country who Blioored at Debs; see, they are
even now preparing the lust barricade
for the system.
The road to the common happiness
of ull humanity, tho road to the birth
of real industrial freedom, the path to
the glorious days of the coining world
■i'omiuonwealth is through tho dictatorship of the producers, through the
power of those who do the work of
the world.
All power to proletarian dictator-
hip.—Butto Bulletin.
Old Wages Don't Suit
Boston.—lt 'is reported in Home quarters thut returned soldiors scoking positions are demanding better conditions
than when they entered the army. This
annoying situution wtll need diplomatic handling, "experts" state.
it- Van woven
\ Oity, 98.00 )
$1.50 PER YEAR
Oppose Piece Work
Washington.-—Members of the A. F.
of L. railway employes' department
an* conducting a campaign against
pieco work iu the railroad shops of this
country. This system has already been
abolished on the Baltimore'& Ohio and
the D. L. & W. railroads and ult.mat-
i hnve been served on the Atlantic
Coast Line, the Burlington nnd the Klk-
hart, Ind., shops of the New York Central lines.
Officers of the railway employes' department advise that this question be
liuudled as a system fedoration nnd
not as a locul matter.
The Farmers and the Industrialists Must Join
Forces
The Farmer Is Still an Individualist in a Social
Atmosphere
[By J. S. Woodsworth]
ARTICLE  IV.
Comparatively fow industrial workors realizo tho importance of joining
forces with tho farmers. Yet look at
tho situation. Horo in Vancouvor is a
large well-organized and radical industrial group. Other industrial groups
in the provinco aro small; many of
thom not well organized; some of thom
lacking independence or initiative.
It's a long jump acrosB tho mountains to Calgary beforo wo reach tho
noxt well-organized radical group of
considerable size. Again another long
jump to Winnipeg. Then to Toronto.
Then Montreal. Then small groups on
the Atlantic seaboard. The provincial
boundaries uro real barriers to concerted action. Delegates to tho Trades
und Labor Congress toll us that East
is East and West is West. Furthor
English-speaking ^ Protestant Ontario
nover could pull with French-speaking
Romun Catholic Quobec. Were tho industrial centres alone to bo reckoned
with, the* task of informing public
opinion and organizing tho workers for
industrial or political action. Ib a
formidable one.
But whilo thc industrial centres dominate tho political and social life of the
nation, tho majority of the pooplo still
live in thc country aud in tho towns
and villcgea. For years to come, elections in Canada will bo determined by
the votes of tho rural population. Now
whilo tho townspeople may follow the
load of the city, tho farmers are increasingly becoming class-conscious
and recognize that their inteiuts often
do not coincido with tho interests of
thoso who control tho big ''interests"
which centre in the city.
Unfortunately it is difficult for tho
farmers und tho industrial workers to
get together. They have common foeB.
This they are coming to recognize. But
thoy have run up against '' tho system" from different anglcB. They
speak a different language. Tho farmer is nominally indopendont, yet more
under the thumb of tho railroads and
bunks than tho .self-styled "wage-
slave" under tho control of tho job-
boss. The farmer is of necessity a
"capitalist," yot a capitalist who generally docs not mako interest in Ihe
money invested but who works longer
hours at less pay than his city brothers.
The farmer is traditionally conservative in his thinking, yet iu Canada
within the past few years thc farmers
have succeeded in organizing co-operative associations that aro forcing even
big business to sit up nnd tnke notice.
Now, tho farmers arc beginning to discuss political action from a standpoint
that is anything but conservative.
Tho Canadian Council of Agriculturo
has recently issued a reconstruction
programmo that is well worth study.
The draft programme took strong
ground on tho labor problem. "Autocracy in industry as in govornment,must
disappear. .. . . The co-oporativo
idea of partnership must prevail. . .
Trade organizations must bo given full
and frank recognition. ... Wo
recommend for labor in Canada what
labor has recommended for itself in
Britain—the establishment of tho principlo of a national minimum. . . .
Ouly through such a new social order,
etc." Unfortunately this statement
has been very much watered down in
the final form of thc programmo, whieh I
contents itself with urging "tho ndop-
tion of the principlo of co-operation ns
tho guiding spirit in tho futuro relu-
tions between employer and employees
—botwoen oapital nnd labor." Thisi
postiou is disappointing to the radical
industrial worker but at least thc farm-
or is trying to see and to meet the j
needs of tho city worker which is per-
haps more than ean bo said of the city
worker with regard to tho farmer.
The main emphasis in the farmers'!
platform is on free trade.   Agriculture,!
whieh is regarded as the basic Indus-
try, must no longer be sacrificed to the
advantage of tho protected interests. |
Rovonuo is to be raised (1) By a iii-1
reel lux on unimproved land vulucs, including nil natural resources, (2) By
u' sharply graduated peraonal income
tax. (;.) By a heavy graduated inheritance tax on large estates, (4) By n
graduated income tax on the profits of
corporations.
The programme provides for "the
extension of co-operative agencies in
agriculture to cover the whole field of
marketing, including arrangements with
consumers' societies for tha supplying of foodstuffs at tho lowest and with
the minimum of middlemen handling."
Then the farmers pass beyond individualism und co-operation in their advocacy of public ownership of great
public utilities:
"Publie ownership uud control of
railway, water and aerial transportations, telephone, telegraph and express
systems, all projects in tho dovelopment of national power and of the roal
mining industry."
The returned soldiers are not for
gotten, the programme insisting "i>
gradual demobilization with suitable
provision for vocational (raining and
facilities for ennbling suitable meu to
settle ou the lund. In this connection
might be mentioned the suggestion of
a lund settlement scheme based on a
regulating influence in the Helling priee
of lauds, thnt price also to be regarded as nn accessible value for purposes
of taxation.
The pint form concludes with an omnibus paragraph into which nre bundled
most of the ''reforms" thut have been
before the public, including proportionate representation nnd direct legislation.
The programmo ou tho whole is ftro-
iE*
BOARDSWONTDOIT
Work Will Not Emancipate
the Working Class from
Bondage
Tho immortal Tom Hood says , in his
"Song of tho Shirt"; "Oh, God! That
bread should bo so dear, and human lifo
so cheap." Tho cheapest thing on
God's grocn earth is tho human working animal, bo it male or fomalo. Tho
wago slaves who livo by tho salo of
their labor powor must soil thoir owo
lamb or perish, for labor power is a
perishable commodity. Tho slavo of
today must hunt a master or ho dies.
The Idlers Act has now gono out of
business. Tho wago slavo stands at tho
stroot corner with his only wealth wasting in his bonos. Tho returned soldior
is trying to get a cornor on tho labor
markot. Ho says tho alion and tho
slacker has no right to soil himself on
tho markot in tho country that ho, tho
returned soldior, fought for, and ho demands tlio privilcgo of doing all tho
work himBolf. Everybody is grumbling
about work and wagos. Wo have minimum wago boards seriously discussing
how littlo a fomalo slavo can reproduce
her lubor power upon when sho gots
tho loan of a job, and a lot moro rot
that causes tho most optimistic revolutionist to despair of tho class to which
ho belongs. Lot it be understood ilrst
and foremost that tho bondman of Ancient Egypt had all the wago slavo gets
today without any agitation or worry
on his part. If work could havo emancipated tho working class, it would
havo reached tho Promised Land long
ago. Work is a curse nnd no creature
on earth loves it, but the slavo who is
proud of his chains. Tho working man
sells himself in order to live. If I buy
a thing it is mino. Tho uso of a thing
belongs to tho buyer. When a working
man gots a job he has sold his labor*
power and agreed to deliver tho goods.
Tho momont ho stops on tho job, tho
juice in his bones belongs to the onc
who bought him. Thc buyoi* uses his
property us ho thinks fit. It is his.
Work is the agony endured when delivering tho juice and tho slavo who
loves this and whoso highest ambition
in lifo is to continuo tho process, is tho
vilest thing tho earth nt present tolerates. Tomorrow morning tho working
men and wojucn of Canada will go to
work. Thp moment they stop on tho
job, thoy becomo thc property of somebody olso. Tho lifo forco in thom will
bo used by the master class as it thinks
tit.   Tho slaves will  produco  a  vast
EVEE
POINTING
^k
THE BOAD TO
PROGRESS AND PROSPERITY
tho B. C. Girl is tho landmark of Quality and
Excellence as typiled in Jno tailoring. She
stands as our symbol for all that is good. Wo
mako nothing but good garnionts—suits for
mon and women, custom-made to individual
measure from British woollens of undoubted
merit and genuine qualities, guaranteed by
mills, manufacturers and ourselves. Our ton
years' successful trading nnd our thousands
of steady, satisfied customers is your warranty that you will bc pleased and satisfied,
not only with our goods, but our prices, which
aro tho lowost possiblo consistent wilh tho
highest quality.
SUITS
For MEN,
$35 up
The Pioneer
UNION
STORK
For WOMEN,
$45 up
The B.C. TAILORING GO.
Custom Tailors to the Working Man
128 Hastings St. East **** ~-a-a *—__
grcsstvo rather than radical. Tho attempt has beon mado to embody as
many good ideas ns possiblo rathor
than to work out tho fundamental
principles on which a truo nntionnl
policy should bu based.
Abolition of special privilege, public
ownership of public utilities and cooperative effort aro tho watchwords of
tho Canadian Council of Agriculture.
Thc fnrmer is still an individualist.
amount of wealth during tho day, but
the wealth they produce is not theirs.
Thoy would bo arrested if thoy tried
to appropriate it.   It will* over belong
to those  who own them while they
work.    A man never works, a slave
docs.   A man who feeds himself, who
produces the things necessary to hiB
own sustenance,  does not work.    A
horse does not work when wild and
free on tho prairie.   He foods himself
but when a master catches bim, and
puts him in harness and yokes him to
a plow, ho works.    Tho mule nover
looked for a job in tho whole course of
its hitttory.   It is left to twentieth century working men to fight with each
other for jobs, to grumble becauso tho
govornment does not provido work, and
to act like idiots genorally.   What we
want is freedom from work.   Liberty
to live without it becauso tho harder wo
work, the poorer wo become. Show me
a country whore tho slaves are working i
hard, and I cun show you a poverty-
stricken    working    class    community.
Whon you work, you produce goods.
Thoso goods hnvo to bo sold.   If you
work  very,   vory  hard,   and  produce
many commodities, thc market is full,
and the boss says, "Lay off, boys, wo
ean't sell any more," and you find you
havo worked yourself into starvation.
An intelligent working class should demand leisure, freedom from work, Iih-
erty to enjoy lifo to the full. Tho world
is fair and beautiful ,and the useful is*
habitants of the planet will appreciate
its beauty and understand more of iti
wonderful treasures, whon they think
less about work and move in the dire*
tion of taking possession of what thoj
produce and hurling from power the
gang of parasites whose whole object
in lifo is to exploit, to work—somebody
else.
Trade Unlona .protest
London, England—Sinco tho English
government has announced that it will
tako over the railroads there has bees
somo talk about tho probability of th*
workers' political rights being interfered with.   This significant statement it
printed in Reynold's Newspaper:  nB6
far ns railway workers are concerned
they intond to prevent any interferes*
with thoir political and citizen righto,
but there is not much fear of any encroachment in this direction, in view of
their strong trado union organization."
Electricians Gain
Taeoma, Wash. — Municipal electricians and the city couhcll havo adjusted wage differences. The new rato*
are; Lino men, journeymen, $0.40 a
day; foremen, $7.-10 a day; superintendent, ,t200 a month.
5HELLY54XBREAD PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY...
..January 24, UU
I a C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by the B. C.
Federationist, Limited
A. 8. Wells Manager
: Labor Tomple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel Exchango Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m., Soymonr 7407K
■fcbacrlpUon Rites: United State* and
Foreign, $2.00 per year; Canada, $1.60
per  year;   in  Vancouver City,   $2.00 pur
{ear;   to Unions  subscribing  in   a body,
1.25 per member per year.
"Unity of Labor:   tbe Hope of the World"
FBIDAY.. January 24, 1919
SINCE our last issuo Earl Liebknecht
hus paid thc price of his lift-long
devotion    to    tho    working-class
movemont.   Liko his father, he Know
not foar.   His lifo was ono of heroic
effort for the struggling
HAVE musses     of    humanity.
PAID Lauded by tho press of
IN FULL all lands, except hi
own, when he was in
•apposition to tho war-mad junkers of
■Germany, ho later became tho target
of ruling-class hutrcd, when ho bevnine
more than an opponent of thu German
ruling cluss, and it was possible for
him to take part in a revolution that
wus likely to spread throughout the
world.
* # *
Rosa Luxemburg, his co-worker, also
paid the supremo sacriiico, nnd will
never again in porson play a part in
tho movement that will eventually
bring about the downfall of tho present Bystem. Liebknecht und Bosa Luxemburg may bc destroyed, but tho
faith that was in them still lives in
tho minds of many moro of tho working class than it did prior to their day.
Their work still lives, and Liebknecht
and his co-worker will still play a part
In tho greatest movement of all time.
Their works are still procurable, and
will be for many a day. Their oxam-
ple will still bo an inspiration to the
members of tho working class in the
struggle that is before them. Taker
ut a time when they could ill bo spared,
tho international working class will
pay homage to tho greatest ilguro in
tho working class movement of this
age. Thu tribute puid at the meeting
in Victoria last Sunday, when tho ontire audience stood in silence as a token
of esteem, was no mero formal tribute,
but reprosonts thc deep appreciation
of tho work and exainplo of "Liebknecht, the man," and revolutionary
hero.
LAST SUNDAY at tho Columbia
Thoatre in Victoria, under the
auspices of tho Federated Labor
Party, n propaganda meeting was hold.
X II. Hawthornth wai to, M.L.A., was
tho speaker, his sub-
JTO PLACE jc-ct being "Spartacus
FOR and   Christ,   and   an
BFiUEF Interview with Mme.
B r o s h s k o vskaya.
Nothing untoward happened until the
fpeaker reached that part of his speech
dealing with tho interview mentioned,
tnd then things happened thick and
Cast From an advoeato of the Bolsheviki, Hawthornthwaite turned into a
rabid denouncer of- tho regimo of the
Soviot govornment. Taking tho stand
all through his speech that scientific
Socialism was opposed to anarchy, ho
denounced tho newly established democracy in Bussia as communistic anarchy. He also statod that in his belief Lenin was an insane mnn. It
would apcar that Mino. Breshskovskaya
refused to bo interviewed by tho press
af tho capital city, but granted Hawthornthwaite an audience, and it was
tm hor statements that Hawthornthwaite based his bolief and his chango
of mind. Askod If ho had any proofs
of his statements and conclusions, ho
replied that ho had nono oxcept lho
statement of tho lady whom ho had
ititcrviowod, nnd he also stated that ho
was witling to placo rolinnco in thc
words of a woman that had spent a
groat part of her life in Siberia for her
activities as a revolutionist.
* * *>
In tmnos liko theso men should givo
t gToat deal of thought beforo denouncing tho activities of tho working class
of any country in its efforts to establish democracy, and a now order of society. This, however, was not dono
by tho momber for Newcastle, as his
own statement, "that ho had nn other
proof thun the words of the lady from
Eussia" proves.
E * *        *
Tlie Fudorationist for a considerable
time refrained from giving any definite opinions on the situation in Bussia. and it wus not until some definite
information Ind become available that
my stand wus tuken. Not until the
:ttn t f'inrnt h of A rl hu r Bunsomo, Col.
Wr,. Thompson, and olher men that
hnd boen in oloso touch with tho situation in Biifl'fliu were known, and wore
■an refuted, did the FederationiBt lake
*.ny eland us to thc situation in the
land which, until the revolution, had
been ruled by tho greatest autocracy
on oarth; but* when there was sufficient
evidence to hand, for the formation of
Any opinion that was likoly to be
Bound, tho Federationist took tho
*t.*ind that tho workers in Russia should
be allowed to work out their own salvation according to tho methods thoy
thought most advantageous. We nlso
took the stand tiint the Soviot go
in ont or administration was, so fn
could bo Iparnod, the inception of tho
new order In Russia based on industrial
. democracy. Hftwthornthwnito'fl state
ment that "cohimunislic anarchy had
been established" wns evidently based
on the fact that the peasants were carrying on agricultural production on th
-seminunistiii plnn. This does not, howover, mean that the Soviet government
is inarcliistic. Tito agricultural districts In Russia have been based on
the communal plan for inany yoars
prior to thc revolution, and it was only
natural that when the workers or peasants took control that thoy would slick
to tho means of production at hand
until something botter could bo brought
about. Ono thing, howover, is sure,
that while the agricultural population
is living on the communal plan, that
it is uot the communal plan of pre-
revolution days, when the product of
the agricultural population was taken
from them by the overlords, or thc landlords, for tho first thing that was dono
after Lenin took control wus to give
tho land to the peasants. Anarchy
could uot prevail in any communal life,
the two terms are directly opposed, and
whoro communal life is carried on
thero anarchy cannot reign. It may be
truo that the agricultural industry is
not carried on for a world market in
Russia today, but that would bo truo
of any production which would bo carried on in any co-opcrativo commonwealth. Anothor foolish statement
mndo by the speaker was to the effect
that 95 per cent, of tho population was
opposed to the Soviet government.
This on the face of it is sheer nonsenso.
If a much less percentage of the population of Russia was opposed to tho Soviot administration than 95 per cent.,
thc administration could not last overnight.
* * *
Hawthornthwaite has not even lived
up to thut whioh ho mude so much
noise about lust Sunday. Ho was very
omphalic as to his adherence to scientific Socialism. Scientific Socialists, or
nny other scientific groups, uro not
the habit of taking tho statements of
any individual us being proof of tho
facts of the cnso. A Russian workmnn at this meeting took the platform
and stated that Mine. Breshskovskaya
was never a member of the revolutionary working class, but had boen engnged in thc revolutionary activities
of the bourgeoisie of Russia, and the
terms of imprisonment in Siberia mean
nothing as far us her allegiunco to thc
working class movement is concerned.
Many of the Bourgeoisie havo been imprisoned in Siberia for their activities
in securing reforms which would favor
tho activities of tho rising manufacturing class.
* * *
Thero is not tho slightest doubt that
men have lost their lives in the struggle that has taken place in Russia. But
many lost their lives in tho Paris Commune, and many moro will loso their
lives before ordor is brought about in
Germany. This, howover, is not neccB-
sarily the work of tho proletariat, but
if history is anything to go by, blood-
shod will bo the order so long os tho
ruling class carry on a policy of repression and opposition to tbo rising
tido of democracy. Never was there
any greater autocracy than that which
reigned in Russia prior to tho revolution. Tho workers without tho franchise or other methods to bring about
reforms and a change in tho system
had, naturally, to take direct action.
In tbis tho ruling class of this and
other lauds may find a warning. Tho
workers with constitutional means will
bring about the necessary changes
without bloodshed; they have no dosirc
to have any more of thcir class destroyed than has been done in tho four
years of war that are past. Thoir object is change by tho line of least resistance, and that will bo thoir
method. Lot those that intend to bo
tho obstructing forco beware, for on
their heads will lay tho blame if
trouble and violence is tho rosult.
* * ♦
Hawthornthwaite, with hiB knowledge of scientific Socialism, should
know thoso things. At least he should
have moro than the statements of a
woman who is not any longor in tho
primo of lifo, but is ut that age when
senilo decay has sot in, und of whom
there is doubt us to her boing of tho
working class. Not many workers can
got out of Bussia without tho aid of
the Allies. This in itself raises suspicions as to her genuineness. In uny
caso, until tho censorship is lifted, and
full knowledge can bo gained by tho
workers as to tho real situation in
Russia, thore is good reason to believe
that the Soviet administration is botter than a capitalistic onc. Nay, thero
is evidence that tho workera aro satisfied with conditions in that land. If
an army of the magnitude of that raised by the Soviet government can bo
held, and production curried un, as the
information that has filtered through
would provo that it has been carried
on, then thero is moro than bolief in
the reason of tho workors when thoy
tako tho stand that the Russiun people
aro following tho right track. Until
such time as furthor proof is offerod
than that advanced by Mine. Breshov-
si; ay a and Mr. Hawthornthwaite, the
workers aro safo in taking the sido of
tho Soviets, for if thore is nothing to
hido, thon why tho censorship. If all
tho statements ns to tho atrocities of
tho Red Ouard aro true, why uot let
working class representatives go to
Bussia and lind out for certain what
thoso conditions are? Mr. Hawthornth*
wuite will huvo to bo a littlo more scientific beforo tho educated workers of
this province will accept his statements us to conditions in Russia. Belief is not one of tho attributes of tho
scientific mind.
THE  Premier of this  provinco is
very much concerned theso days.
He has had much to sny on many
questions this pust week.   Ho has also
said somo things that provo that ho
knows not of what
SOME ho speaks.    At tho
FALSE Rotary  Club  lunch*
DOCTRINES eon on  Tuesday he
gavo  a  solum n
warning against the. preaching of false
doctrines; he also at another timo and
place pointed out the need    for    thc
forming of public opinion  on certain
Hues.   Thc following is a roport of his
warning, ns laken from the local press:
"Men are being (aught to look
upon tho accumulation of stovod-up
woalth, which is called capital, us
a dangor, somothing to be destroyed, something which is a mnnnoo.
It has forced itself upon  my attention lately that thoro aro mootings cnlled by men who only look
upon lifo from one viewpoint, and
you have men going to those meetings holding that the employor of
labor is the greatest    oncmy    of
mankind, instend of his  grent est
friend.   Pulse 'loclrine    is    being
taught throughout our land.    What
is being done to counteract itf
"What is needed is a campaign
of education which will show the
relation between capital uud lubor
in its true proportions. Wo want
a campaign of education which will
show that capital, which is, after
all, tho stored up wealth of labor,
is tho bost friend mankind has, and
■is the only way whicli human intol-
ligenco has discovered up to tho
present time by which you and I
can make provision for thoBo dependent upon us."
* * *
Wo aro quito in accord with tho Promier when he states that falso doctrines aro being preached in this fair
land of ours. Onc of tho sources of
false doctrines is the pross of this land
of thc froe, where the censor still says
thou shalt not say that which thou
thinkest to be truo. Other falso doctrines us to tho Bocrcdncss of proporty,
and the limited rights or lack of them
for humanity are also being preached.
Thero are other doctrines which, however, are preached, which go a long
way to showing tho true relation of
capital to labor, und which dooB not
put capital in a very good light. For
at many mootings which are boing held
in this province, thc naturo of "capital" and capitalistic exploitation is being demonstrated. Evidently, however, from the above, wo can concludo
that Honost John doea not like to huvo
tho truo definition of capital, and the
function tlmt it fills in prcBent-day society, explained to tho peoplo. If*
however, he is advocating ony repressive measures, in so far as the
spreading of working-class propaganda
is concerned, he had better take care,
for the peoplo of this land have stood
nbout all thc repressive measures that
they can, or intend to. Ho should
know, having como from tho old land,
that freo speech and a froe press aro
not things that aro lightly prized by
tho British peoplo, whether they bo,in
this or any other part of tho empire.
The working clnss knows that any proposal which either ho or his govern*
ment may make- will not solvo tho
working class problem, and thoy also
realize that tho solving of that problem must bo thcir job, and tho only
way that this can bo accomplished is
by the spreading of the truth as to
capital and labor. Let tho good work
continuo.
Samuel Gompors has again been
showing his reactionary tendencies. Hi
efforts Bccm to bo always towards tho
breaking up of any international gathering that will mean something to the
workers. This timo ho has boen on-
doavoilng to securo tho holding of a
strictly trades union conference, os
ngninst a trades union and socialist
gathering. What ho thinks he as an
individual can do to stem tho tido of
Socialism that is sweeping through tho
world Heavon only knows. He has been
at all times an avowed opponent of
Socialist propaganda, or any real attompt on tho part of tho workers to
gain completo freedom from their proB-
ent conditions. Reactionary ho has
been and always will bo. It is time
that tho workors of this North American continent took a hand in the game
and removed this humbug from the
sphere of activity.
How to Propagate Bolshevism
It appears certain that the gods mean
to destroy the reactionaries. They havo
nlready been struck mad, Thoy are
awaro that u great menace to their intorests has boen unloosed upon thc
world: Bolshevism. What means aro
they proposing for keeping it under
control? Force; but whoro in history
do thoy discover a doctrine suppressed
by forco? Kill tho Bolsheviki, urges
cx-Prosident Taft. Wo aro doing it,
and the moro we kill, the moro of them
there aro. Keep supplies away from
Russia and starve Bolshevism out; so
less vigorous spoken reactionaries advise. But you starve fifty other Russians
to every Bolsheviki; and any starving
man is a potential Bolsheviki
Well, Russia is a bad job, anyway,
ligh the reactionaries. Down to the
prosent we havo only mode matters
worse, but perhaps if wo had used moro
force, killed more Bolsheviki, applied
starvation moro vigorously, wo might
have succeeded. Wo'll see what can bo
done along that lino in the futuro. And
■if we fail, Russia is remote; porhaps
wo can loculizo tho plague. Will not
un embargo on Russian propagandists,
Russian revolutionary litoraturo, quarantine us satisfactorily? It might, if
Bolshevism wcro nn infection. But
overybody ought to know by this timo
that it is not. Liko scurvy and polla-
gra, it has chiefly to do with defectivo
nutrition. Thereforo it can't be kopt
away by quarantine.
Thore is not tho remotest chance tbat
Bolshevism can win over moro than a
minute fraction of thoso classes that
have reason to consider their present
economic and political status tolerable
and thoir prospects good. Trotzky's
logic can command tho ullcgiuncc only
of the disinherited. Now, this is onc
of thc most, curious facts in tho history of social politics: At tho very
moment when the reactionary is racking his brains for devices to cheek the
spread of Trotzlcy's logic, he is revolving plans for turning over to Trotzky's
influonco a whole great nation of thc
(li.s nherited. That is not the wuy ho
puts it to himself. In his mind of
tt'ator-tlght compartments he conceives
that those plans huve nothing to do
with Trotzky und Bolshevism. They
ure plans for levying stupendous indemnities upon Germany, und the reactionaries renson about them in terms
of punitive justice, of tho expediency
of keeping Germany permanently weak,
in war and industry, of Ihe relief to the
Allied taxpayer that would follow the
transfer of the major part of tho war
charges to Germany. Theso aro all
!^ood re uction ary reasons; but the policy they nre mount to support can bo
judged only by its effects, Taking the
economic condition of Gormany as it is,
how will an indemnity policy affoot it,
and what will be the renction upon
German politicul life? Thoso arc the
tests that a conservative common sense
would apply to all indemnity proposals,
What tho economic condition of Gormany wus beforo tho war is fairly well
ugrced upon umong statisticians; Tho
ftggrcgato wenlth, private und public,
cun not have been less thun seventy-
live billions of dollars; it muy huve approached ono hundred billions. The ng-
gregato private income foil between
(en billions and twelve. The wnr hits
increased' the private wealth of the
German pooplo by indefinite billions
of wnr bonds—mortgages upon tho pro*
existing tangible woalth. It has reduced the tangible wealth enormously
through five years of excessive wear
d tear.  In terms of real purchasing
powor the aggregate incomo of Germany must havo been reduced by ono-
fifth or more, and the aggregate capital
in as largo proportion.
From the pre-war income of ton or
twelve billions wo must deduct tho
minimum of subsistence of (15,000,000
peoplo if we dosirc to arrivo nt tho
surplus which ailments conservatism,
which offers hopo to tho ambitious and
keops thom aloof from thc revolutionary spirit. Porhaps that surplus
amounted to fivo Milions beforo tho
war. It can hardly exceed four billions
now. That is interest on an indemnity
of eighty billions, or two-thirds of tho
cost that tho Allies havo incurred in
fighting tho war.
Thus if wo levied upon Germany only
two-thirds of tho indemnity that even
responsible statesmen aro claiming, we
should huve stripped tho lund of all
surplus incomo for on indefinite period,
since German industry could not fail
to decay still further under tho exaction of tribute. For an indoflnito period there would be no recipients of
rents, interest, profits, no favored class
of high-salaried men among thc Germans. All would be proletarians, laboring incessantly for their daily bread.
Gormany would represent a vast lecture
hall for Trotzky, whero no ono would
hiss. With all the surplus income that
corresponds with proporty incomo
syphoned out for alien benefit, would
a single German bo disposed to dispute
tho maxim: Property is robbery? Of
courso, we should have our army of occupation in Germany. Wo might instruct them to shoot Trotzky and his
kind whorevor they appeared. Much
would it profit us. Their blood would
cry out that property is also murder.
Perhaps, then, we had better bo
somewhat moro modest in our indemnity demunds. How about forty billions, which would leave, say, two billions of surplus income, to stiffen the
structuro of Gorman society againat
Bolshevist attacks? Or twenty billions,
which would leavo throo-fourths of tho
surplus? Lot those who have weighed
well tho risks decide how many of the
supports of German law and order can
safely bo cut away.
Those risks are grout. In the wholo
of Europe, eaBt of the Rhino, where,
outside of Germany, do wo find middle-
class fortunes numerous enough to offer
a bulwark against Bolshevism? Not in
Russia, nor in tho Ukraine, nor in Poland. Not in Rumania, nor in Hungary,
Bulgaria nor Jugo-Slavia. Not among
tho German-Austrians, nor tho Czechoslovaks. Let Germany tako flre with
Bolshevism; we shall find no barriers
to stop the flames anywhere eaBt of the
Rhine. But will not tho Rhino and tho
Isonzo offer adequate protection against
the westward spread of tho conflagration? That is whnt tho reactionaries
must assume. Manifestly, the gods have
decided upon their destruction.—The
Now Ropublic,
Scraps from the Debate
"I have for some timo boon of tho
opinion that tho world powers should
sink thoir pride for the moment, and
get into communication with tho Bolshevists, with tho purposo of Bending
an Allied commission into Russia to
find out what is really going on thero.
Such a commission should bo accompanied by porsons whom the Russians do
not regard as hostile. One is, I believe,
tho former head of thc American Red
Cross in Russia, Raymond Robins. Another is an English writer named Arthur Ransomo. I have no right to uso
their names, but the emergency is
great, and quick action is necessary."
This paragraph is from an artielo by
Lord Northcliffe os given in the Province of tho 13th.
Colonel Raymond Robins seems to bo
a lone hero umong colonels. On his return from Russia, it is reported ho
mado frantic efforts in Washington to
got uu interview with President Wilson
to tell him tho truth about tho great
regeneration iu Russia under Bolshevism. He tried for many days to got
ii hearing, to get the truth told, but tho
bureuuerats baulked him. Ho was later
n witness at a trial of Bolshevists
in New York, ond tho authorities prevented him speaking there. Ho is referred to as a friend by the Russian
foreign ministor iu hiB recont note to
President Wilson.
'Tho workors insistence is laid upon
their participation in and direction of
affairs in which thcir interest is paramount. Thoy decline to bo tho base
of tho pyramid, and seek to bring about
a now structuro in which class stratification shnll bo absent, all being called
on for tho equal effort, sharing equally
the gains. Apostles of the movemont
see in it a play for political evolution.
According to thoir precepts, civilized
man hns passed through threo stages,
and is now ready for tho fourth. The
first was Feudalism, when a small numbor of powerful, self-created nobles
held tho rest in serfdom; the second
wns monorchism, with autocracy holding swuy; tho third was democracy. ,
. . with wage slavery; and now
comes whut the Bolshevists proclaim
as tho truo Socialized state, based on
collectivism, with all weulth communistic, and tho abolition of . . thc
tripod upon which rests tho modern
structure of society, namely, rent, interest and profit."
This paragraph is from u cable dispatch In tho Sun of the 141 h inst., by
Herbert Bayard Swopo. Thc dispatch
ns u wholo is a plea for the examination of whut; ho calls the "'insidiuus"
doctrine of Bolshevism. It is actually
difficult, he states, to get any political
leader to even discuss the mutter.
Not entirely so, Mr, Swopc, und it is
becoming less so every duy. We see
them being brought to tho trough and
made to drink. Political lenders nre
being mude to discuss it, und Bolshevist smiles greet their awakening intelligence. The time is ut hand, let us
hope, when u superior shrug of tho
shoulders as an argument won't go. It
hns covered the retreat from discussion
of ninny a pompous fool who must now
ome back und fuce the music with the
best grace possible. It is uot impossible that clear, far-eyed Bolshevism will
make the Versailles Congress as medieval us its prototype of Vienna, and ils
discussions to the future historian a
mere chatter by tho roadside.
But thp carrying out of fhe terms of
the secret trontios is apparently not
the only matter to bo discussed at Versailles. The New Republic roports from
Paris a general ngreement with respect
fo an Allied policy in Russia is being
reached. French und British stutonmon
huvo abandoned the plan of sending
into Bussia an army of American, Brit-
"sh nnd Fronch troops large enough to
overthrow the Soviot Republic. The
opposition which additional military intervention incurred both from the
American ■government and from Fronch
und .British Labor, mulcted it undesirable lo press this drastic method of re
storing order in Russia. An alternative
plan is apparently being worked out,
which seeks tho snmo purpose by slower
but not less efficacious means. The Soviet Republic is to bo isolated, surrounded by a cordon of hostile statoa,
and starved into submission. The execution of this plan is already woll under
way. Allied armies havo occupied all
tho ports through which Russians can
communicato with Other nations. Archangel, Kola and Vladivostok are already held in force. French marines
have recently boen landed in Odessa,
and preparations aro being mado to
support them with a larger French
force. Finland is to bo organized into
an anti-Soviet republic. Poland and
Lithuania will bar any direct communication between Germnny nnd central
Russia. All theso enclosing territories
in Finland, Poland and Ukraine and
Siboria will bo used as bases for anti-
Soviet military and other operations,
Soviot Russia deprived of contact with
tho outsido world and of food supplies
from Siberia und tho Ukraine, helpless
itself to rostoro tho material equipment
ncodod for industry and agriculture and
beset by Finns, Cossacks, Siberians,
emigre Russians, Czochs nnd the various allied forces will be unable to sustain a prolonged resistenco.
Thero is moro than ono way of hunting thc bear. The American government announced that thoir army was
not going "bill-collecting" into Germany and Russia, and French and British lubor mude the samo announcement
with respect to thcir armies. Will thoy
quietly watch tho trick being pulled off
in another way. Wo doubt it.
The Jekyll and
Hyde Fraternity
"The House Behind the Goods"
Pancake
Flour
Don't lw afraid of criticism--criticize yourself often.
THE W.H. MALKIN CO.
Limited
VANCOUVER, B. O.
CANADA FOOD BOARD
License No, 6-642 License No. 3-453
Experience has proved to us that
when persons become interested in concerns or corporations they lose their
identity as individuals and undor the,
shelter of a big combine they porpet-
rato injustico without fear of individual exposure, thus we find a Jekyll und
Hyde in nearly all financiers and capitalists. Whilo we know Mr. Brown as
congenial and humanitarian in private
life wc are apt to lose sight of the
fact that tho same Hr. Brown as the
controlling genius of a big concern
tukos on a different* aspoct and becomes
a demon whoso schemes aro tho exploitation of tho worker, forcing down
wages and inflicting the tortures of
hunger and poverty on thousands of tho
masses. It is a matter for comment
that tho money ghouls sought fit to
rniso abnormally the price of osBcn-
tinl drugs used in combatting the recent "flue" epidemic, tho egg jugglers
could not resist the impulse to add to
tho trials of tho sick poor and up went
tho price to $1.20 per dozen; milk spoilers could not subdue thoir Shylock tendencies in consequence inferior milk
sold six quarts for a dollar. How aro
wo to accept these facts in conjunction
with the teachings which tell us that
tho sick and helpless arc to bc tenderly
nursed back to health and as againsi
lifo money has no value, why it is that
whon somo poor unfortunate worker has
to enter tho hospital for treatment that
the individuals whole pedigree has to
be recited and his ability to pay taken
into consideration before ho is assigned a bed; One has but to review the
events of tho post fow years to understand the reason for the rapid growth
of protective labor organizations. It is
now a matter of history that certain
firms made millions of dollars out of
supplies sold to governments for the
sustenance of the brave lads at tho
front, and oxecssive prices wcro without reason charged for the bare necessities of existence at homo thus while
thoso heroes woro defending big interests from destruction or confiscation
by tho enomy the same big interests
proved their gratitudo to tho soldier
by filling up cold storage plants with
foodstuffs in ordor to keep up the price
and in turn ta rob tho soldier's mother,
wife, widow or orphan of thc dolo
handed out to them by charity, and
somo of thc directors of theso big concerns were nlso members of tho government. Tho monthly official statistics show us that thore was ample food
In storage to aupply all our needs at a
reasonable price yot wo know that government control enabled tho markets
to be cornered for the selfish interests
of big interests, thero is not tho leust
doubt that the food would havo been
put on tho markot had the high prico
asked been forthcoming but as people
could not afford to pay for sufficient
food to onnble them to live in compnra-
tire comfort they wero forced to stint
themselves and tho food was hold up
undor the "conservation bogey." Was
it becauso certain high personages wero
heavily interested in bacon firms that
scandal in this connection was quickly
hushed, was it due to similar causes
that tho rotting of chickens in Winnipeg, potatoes in Quebec, and numerous
other incidents of a liko nature passed
by without anybody being jailed, is it
becauso government members arc interested that the B. C. Electric is allowed
to 11 iin flam tho public into paying a
six cent faro, will influenco with the
government block thc enquiry into the
case of sinking of u passenger ship up
north, why did a certnin company rniso
its trans-Pacific freight rates 000 per
cent, was it because certain members
of the government were awaro that
large numbers of soldiers nnd coolies
wero l.o be directed through thc Pacific
und in consequence largo quantities of
munitions would have to bo transported, is il becnuse of tho one-man control
of most of the coul output of this country that the worker hns to pay more
for inferior soft coul than he used to
pay for tho best hard coal, must all our
cities become smoky, dirty nnd unhealthy because this mogul will not re-
lease hard coal at u reasonable price,
why is it in a city of one of tho greatest wheat growing countries of the
world ihut we hnve to pay 10 cents per
loaf of inferior brend? It would prove
interesting to know why tho government did not nationalize all our railways, and if we were told how much
money that hus ulreudy boon pnid to a
certain company for the transportation,
footling nnd sleeping cur accommodation of troops and the transport of munitions, wo should readily understand
that government members who nre
shareholders would be averse to nationalization of u dividend pnying proposition, although ihey readily assumed responsibility of white elephant voadn,
knowing that the worker would eventually huve to make good on them, why
is it that all soldici'3 tuking their discharge in Vancouvor must travel to Victoria to got their certificates? Hub tho
transportation fee uny bearing on the
mutter?
It would seem that the tyranny of the
monied interests is the cause of most
of our sufferings. Shall this country of
ours bo a pleasant place to livo in or
Bhnll we let tho Jekyll nnd Hyde cup-
Dentistry!
Crowns, Bridges and Fillings
made tha same shade aa your own
.natural tooth.
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Open Evenings 7.30 to 0.30
Dental Nurse in attendance,
OOE.  QBANVXUiE ANO ROBSON
STREETS
Over Owl Drug Store
Phone Sey. 6238
TELEPHONE PARTNERSHIP
The uiAklog of even the moat ordinary
tolephono call Involves a partnership of
at leant three parsona.
The effectiveness of tho service depends
on the degree of team-play existing between these three partners—tho person
calling, who co-operates by consulting the
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"The Hawk"
In announcing "Tlio Hawk" as next
week's offering at tho EinpreBs, the management aro proud to bu able to state that It is
clBRsod an ono of tho very greatest plays that
hns over boon staged In Vancouver. This
great play is brim full of unexpected hap-
lieiiiiixs from biginninK to end. und like
"Within the Law," contnins an element of
suspense that keeps your nerves en the i|iil
vive every moment the curtain itt np. "Tho
Hawk" lms broken more box offlee records
than any piny since "Peg o' My Heart,"
nnd It will probably bo a prime attraction In
nil the drat-Claud theatres for many years to
como. Tho entire strength of tho Empress
Slook Company will bo brought out in tlie
aast of tbis great (Irmiiii nnd a real treat is
In store for all who attend tho Empress noxt
■ook.
Electricians
Last Saturday the mombors of Local
213 turned out In force at thc funeral
of Bros. IT. McKay and O. T. Parsons.
The mortal remains of tho two brothers
woro luid to rest in Mountain Vicy
ecnietcry, over .100 members following
the remains to the grave.
Teddy Jamioson 111
Teddy Jamieson of tho Musician?
Union, is laid up with the flu. Latest
reports nro that lie Is progressing favorably, and it is the wish of his mnny
friends that ho will soon regain his
usual good health.
laundry Workers Strike Fund.
Previously  acknowledged $10,277.00
Telegraphers   (commercial)....        20.00
Mr.   Irwin  2.00
Mill and Factory Workers       101.00
$16,400,00.
FRED KNOWLE&
ilnlistic fraternity make our domicile
a place of misery through their groed
und rapacious exploitation of tho worker. Wo must think deeply and act wiso-
ly but until conditions uro altered to en-
uble us nil to get a fair chance to livo
in reasonable comfort, tho authorities
must look for the rapid expansion of
thc principles of tho Bolsheviki.
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EMPRESS THEATRE
WEEK Or JANUABY 27th
Ono of the greatest plays ol all
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Better than "Within tho Law"
Prices:   16c, 35c and 60c
PANTAGES
* Neit Week ,
1EBOT, TAIMA AMD BOSOO
WILL STANTON AND OOMPANT
Other Big Features FBIDAY.....
 January 24, 1910
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE FIVE
Karl Liebknecht-Traitor and Patriot
[By W. J. Curry.]
Ever since slavery began the unpardonable crime has been for slaves to attempt to throw off thoir yoke.
The beginning of wisdom is to know
our enomieB. In tho year 1907 Dr. Karl
Liebknecht published a ringing indictment of militarism and Gorman imperialism and for this act of "treason"
he was found guilty and sentenced to
a yoar and a half in prison. In his address to the court in hie dofenso ho
saidt "Tho aim of my lifo is tho overthrow of monarchy and tho emancipation of tho exploited working class from
political and economic bondage. As my
father who appeared bofore this court
exactly thirty-five years ago to defond
himself against tho charge of treason,
was ultimately pronounced victor, so I
bolieve the day iB not far distant when
the principles I represent may bo recognized aft honorable and patriotic."
Treason and patriotism aro but relative terms and to bo a champion of
human liberty is to be an enemy of human slavery.
History Repeats Itself
Tho majority of tho world'B most
beloved immortals wcro in thoir day,
hounded and hated and crucified for
sedition by tho powers that ruled and
those who today aro building monuments to Jesus and Socrates for our
Brunoa and Joan de Arc's and John
Brown's ore of tho samo class and
moral calibre as thoso who villify and
would crucify thc advanco guard of
human progrcsa today.
One of Professor Georgo D. Heron's
most dramatic and powerful liietures is
entitled "Tlio Day of Judgment" and
in this he portrays that day whon tho
present scribes and rulers and chief of
polico will call upon tho mountains to
fall upon them and hido them from
tho wrath of tho victorious revolutionary workers.
Day by day during last week wo
have road tho news rcporta and editorial comments in our local dailies,
which seems to gloat over the brutal
assassination of Karl Liebknecht and
Bosa Luxcnburg, tho two individuals
who of all tho loved in Gormany, does in
tho minds and hearts of millions of
tho common peoplo of all lands best
represent freedom for tho workers and
peace and good will to mankind.
I wonder if thoso poor puppots of
plutocracy over feel tho foreshadowing
of that day of judgmont whon it will
bo accounted that teaching falsehood
and hiding tho truth is tho grentost and
most menacing crimo that it is possible to pcrpetrato on tho humane race!
Is there a daily paper in this city
that would open its columns to tho
working claas sido of the world's problems or devoto a pogo to an open forum
for tho discussion of tho vital quostions
of tho dayf Wo know thero is not ono,
yot what a farce it   is   to  prato  of
■^'domocracy" whon intellectual liborty
is forbidden and whon understanding
alone can bring peace and progress.
What will the futuro think of a class
which ruled by ignorance and brute
force9
Why is it that a man liko Earl Liobknecht and his party who wore a short
timo ago lauded to the skies becauso
the onomy of Prussianism today cannot
be mentioned in our press except in
terms of contempt? It is bocause the
European war Ib over and that the
great crisis of the class struglo betwoen
exploiters and workers, master and
slave, is on and in comparison with
this clasB war the prizes of torritory
and trado and tho national animosities
botwoen tho Allies and tho Central
Powers sink into insignificance. Wo
know that the press is in tho pay of
tho businoss interests and "thoy who
pay the piper set the tune" and we
aro thereforo assured that the antagonism of our newspapers toward men
liko Lenine, Liebknecht, Arthur Henderson nnd Debs is to us proof that
thoso men and their principles must
represent freedom for tho workers and
penco and plonty for mankind.
Fivo years ago Liobknocht was admitted to bo ono of the greatest and
bravest men in Europo. Ho opposed
tlio war fearlessly condemned the
kaiser and his class and exposed tbo
international nrmiment combined of
Britain, Franco and Germany. While
tho majority of Socialists who cringed
to tho wnr lords wero the object of condemnation by tho duily press. But tho
coming of tho new international pro-
cipated by tho great war hns reversed
this order of praise and censure.
Todny wo learn that Bolshevism is
tho spoctro haunting Europo, tho tragic
joke of it is that the cluss which tells
ua that this proletarian movement endangers tbo penco of tho world nro of
the samo class that havo driven millions to slaughter nnd brought famine
and pcstilenco nnd degredation and
pain on mankind all down tho ages
whilo the workers havo always stood
for peace and stand for peaco todny.
A few days ago onc our local editorials informed us that Jean Jaurics,
tho great Socialist loader, jurist and
greatest orator of Franco, who was
murdered by a military maniac at tho
time the war broko out got what wns
coming to him becauso ho opposed the
threo years military servico imposed
by tho French government, and our
local press hus told us of lato that when
tho butchers trained in their art by
tho junker clnBs of Germany shot Karl
Liobknecht, ho too was getting his deserts, and Rosa Luxemburg who had
stood up with Karl in opposing tho war
budgot deserved to be rended by thc
wolves of Germnn militarism and have
her mutilated body thrown into tho
canal.
Theso things aro revealing to us,
something of tho moral constitution of
thoso who mould public opinion. Is
there any wondor we have a troubled
world f
The Beign of Tenor.
Truly in the opinion of our wise ones
thero Ib no crime like that which threatens privilege and no reign of torror as
terrible as that which would compel the
privileged classes to get off the backs
of tho common people and to servo for
what thoy consume. Tho kaiser Socialists backed by Hindcnburg and the military class are now in power in Gormany and are the favorites of tho daily
presB and Allied governments, for they
stand for "law and order" and profits
just as Kerensky stood for the law and
ordor of capitalism in Bussia. Schcide-
mann, tho kaiser Socialist, who a few
months ago was condemned as a traitor
to the world's peaco is now almost a
hero because class affinities are stronger than national rivalry.
Any form of exploitation is preferable to none. Past revolutions simply
represented tho change of exploiters
and more plunder and there wore no
suggost/ions of "intervention" to restore '' law and ordor' * in any past revolutions. The other nations looked on
and smiled and traded with either side.
We are now led to believe that it
would bo bettor by far to even have
tho czar and tho kaiser back on their
thrones than that tho Bolsheviki's or
Spartacans should establish industrial
democracies, repudiato the national
debts and abolish secret diplomacy and
profits.
Thoy havo murdered Karl Liebknecht
but his soul goes marching on, for ho
lives in the cause for which ho lived
and for which he died. That assemblage of statesmen in Paris who repre
sent trnde and commerce of tho existing socinl order will doubtlesa form a
league of nations to suppress any rising or political activity on tho part of
the masses to throw off its yoko.
They may retard thcir day of judgment, thoir resistance to the evolutionary flow of human progress mny bring
on violent upheavals but history proves
that no powers on earth can prevent
the death of a Bystem of socioty and
tho birth of a new social order when
its timo comes, and thero is every ovidenco that that time is near at hand.
We soe tho handwriting on the wall
everywhere.
In Canada wo havo the ballot unless
that ballot is interfered with and political democracy Bhould bo destroyed,
thero is no reason why our transition
into industrial democracy should not
tnko place poncenbly and tho best guarantee of penco is understanding.
Karl Liebknecht came na a meteor,
ou(i of darkness, brilliant but transient
like somo others of his kind. Ho mado
mistakes which cut short his career, ho
overestimated tho intelligence of his
countrymen to underestimate the
blighting influenco of generations of
training in Prussian patriotism. He
triod to leap too far and ho fell short,
but his life is an inspiration and also
a lesson to hiB (jomrades throughout
the world.
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All Regular $32.50 Values at $22.50
CERTAINLY not since the pre-war days—perhaps never—have you been
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WE ACCEPT VICTORY BONDS AT A PREMIUM
To anyone wishing to purchase clothing with Victory Bonds that are fully
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A Special Offering of Blue
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This special value is the result of careful, far-seeing buying by our predecessor. Two years ago he foresaw that good quality, all-wool, blue serge was
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Carefully tailored, in all the wanted styles.  Special showing Saturday at $25.
The All-Union Store for Men
Andrews
53 Hastings West
1 BOLSHEVIKI
ATI
Mr. Makovski Left the Key
to the Situation
at Home
Tho koen intorest of the workora in
Bolshevism wob strikingly demonstrated at a meeting in tho O'Brion Hall on
Sunday afternoon, at which tho subject
was introduced by L. Makovski, who
hap written on it at some length in tho
local press. The large hall had every
Beat occupied; and scores woro linod up
along tho walls, unable to find other
accommodation. Goo. Hardy was chairman, and tho meeting was held by thc
local Open Forum.
Whilo Mr. Makovski apparently did
not measure up to tho standard expected by some of his hearers, ho was given
a fair show on thc whole; and it must.
be admitted that he faced tho situation
courageously and frankly from thc
Bourgeois point of viow. His ilrst endeavor was apparently to discredit
Lonino on tho ground thnt ho "didn't
bolieve in Bolshevism or in'tho working man," and Trotzky on the ground
that ho was a Ukrainian Jew and not
a Russian at all. Both woro opposed to
tho Duma; their idea was "tho domination of tho peoplo by the proletariat," by moans of secrot committees.
Tho  Bpcaker further declared that
in two months after Trotzky's roturn
to Russia, tho Bolshevists were' dominated by Jews." These wore mostly
from America, as wns evidenced by
going ovor a list of tlio lending names.
He admitted that tho Russian government had always treated tho Jews abo-
minally; also that "we owe to the
Jews most of our art, religion, muBie
and what wo call culture." Nevertheless, tho Jew was "an internationalist
a man without a country," and there
was the secret of Bolshevism! '
If Mr. Makovski sought to wean his
hearers from Bolshevik tendencies by
this presentation of tho mattor, he was
probably nonplussod by tho sudden
storm of applauso which greeted this
Inst remark. "I'm not sure," he said,
"whother you interpret it just the
same ns I do," und a merry poal of
laughter gavo him his answer. The audience was similarly tickled by his mention of "burning the credit books" in
the Russian banks. A furthor reference to the treaty of Brest-Litovsk also
failed to win him any great sympathy,
although ho added, "How many lives
tho Allies lost through that poaco, thero
is no need to go into." Another great
burst of applause occurred when he
mentioned the formation of tho Red
Guard, "to spread internationalism
through Europo."
Tho Bolshevik loadors wcro, of
course, very clover men, and tho peasants, simple and illiterate. Russia was
92 per cent, agricultural, and had been
in tho habit of exporting enormous
quantities of foodstuffs; but now, "all
through tho torritory under Bolshevism,
thero Is starvation," tho speaker assorted. There was another laugh when
ho remarked, "I'm not asking you to
take my word for it;" and then he suggested they would 'J'^rcfer to believe
Maxim Gorky or Tho Federationist."
Quoting an alleged caso of "13,000
peoplo boing fed" in ono instance, ho
asked whether that indicated famine or
not. "Must have been a Vancouver
bread-line," remarked somobody in tho
audience, and another merry ripple ran
around. The speaker then said that
Gorky was "a man of tho peoplo," and
"truly representative of Russia." nnd
proceeded to quote him to tho offect
that "Lenino is a man of genius and
doos not know tho meaning of morality." According to tho somo authority ,the Russinn children "laughed
with glee" at seeing a man dragged
blood-stained through the streets and
drowned; nevertheless tho childron
wero "starving."
Tragically, Mr. Makovski exclaimed,
The Bolshevists havo violated tho
soul of Russia." Proceeding, ho suggested, "You may nof all of you have
much reveronco for tho church. (Laugh-
tor.) Tho church in Russia has been
crucified, but remains one of tho strongest forces there is." Tho domination
of tho proletariat was to exclude anyone who wears n clean collar, but tho
speaker smilingly conceded amid laughter, "I see a remarkable number of
vou who arc wearing clean collars."
Coming back to internationalism is
the unity of nil tho nations on the
earth," tho speaker oxplairied that it
differed from tho Leaguo of Nations,
"which President Wilson represents at
tho penco conferonco." Tho audienco
showed its enjoyment of this naivo romark by another loud burst of hilarity.
Tlio spoakor thon triod to "rub it in"
by asking how mnny of them would
unito with the Chinese nnd Japanese
for purposes of production! Ho supposed they would "unite with all thc
vago races of Africa for tho same
thing?" Amid much applause, somebody said, "Certainly."
After dwelling on thc incongruities
of ihe various nations by renson of climatic conditions, modes of production,
thn spoakor allowed that "internationalism in some form mny hnvo its
excellences," but ns preached by the
Bolshovild it meant nothing but anarchy,
Tlmn touching on "reconsimotion,"
Ihe spenker suid (hut the right wny to
#0 nbout il was by evolution. "You
Forgol Ihe human eost of revolution,"
ho snid; nnd somebody ut once countered wilh "What about tho war?"
But ho wasn't Haying anything on that
question. "I've talked about tho war
tor five years," lie replied, "and I
may leavo it alone." At
audienco had another hearty
CHEWING THE CUD
Consistency demands that Groat
Britain pluck tho Irish bean from hor
eyo.
• *   *
Thoro has boen no suggestion so far
from tho clergy that the scriptural punishment of heaping coals of firo on
thoir heads should be substituted for
tho imprisonment which the conscientious objectors are still undergoing.
Tho London Times remarked that the
groat wolcomo given President Wilson
was because of tho draught of liberty
from the New World which he brought
with him. Nobody noticed any
draught whon our Sir Bobert and Sir
George arrived.
• *   «
Tho present seldom gives the past a
long memory. A crippled soldier who
won tho Victoria Cross in the groat
war depends for his living mainiy upon
his »istor, who is u waitress in a Montreal restaurant. I wonder if bo was
tho soldier, minus arm and log, whom
Howard Falk, the head of tho Social
Servico Department of McGill University, pictured peeping into tho Kltz on
Peace Night and uguin on New Year's
evo, "fuscinated by tho spectacle of
excess ond flaunted woalth."
• •'*•*
I sympathize with Mr. Prltchard;
but if hu knew Col. Chambers as I do
■if ho had dreamed of medioval chivalry as he gazed upon him, full panoplied, guarding thn scarlet sacredness
of our seniite, he would not bo so upset
by tho anomalies of the censorship. The
Colonel is a rare specimen, of tho non-
bulky variety, of the early mid-Victorian period. Had he seen Sir Roland
Wilson's opening article in a recent
Hibbcrt journal he'd havo blackened
Ihink v,
which h
Inugh.
Jn closing, Mr. Mnkoyski thankod his
hearers sincerely—"for listening to me
so patiently, apparenfly against your
frill," nnd it must be acknowledged
they gave him n hearty round of applause as lie sat down,
The chairman remarked thnt tho
spenker hnd "certainly amused the audienoe, (upplttUHO), and thnt thoro hnd
been nlso, for every open mind, .some
smnll or great instruction. Then ho
threw tho meeting open for questions
nnd discussion, wilh tho remark, "I
don't think we have any moro time In
wnste; wo have wasted some already."
(Laughter.)
Several questions woro then put ns to
the spenker's standing in Russin, nnd
his sources of informntion. He explained that he had some; Polish blood
in his veins, but had lived a consider-
rtbel time in Kngluiid; it wns quite
patent to his nudienco that he hnd tho
English middle-chiBs accent ond psychology. As to his informntion, he hnd
read Maxim Gorky and The Federation-
ist, and had "seen sevoral Russians"
who enmo this way. That ho was not
unused to debate appeared from his
ready answers—or, rather replies to
the various questions. Thus when Comrado Pettipiece inquired what ho would
think of any body of Russiuna who
enmo to Canada to interfere with social
and economic problems, he readily retorted that thc Bolsheviki "havo interfered in every country in tho
world." Another questioner asked if
he had any apceiul antipathy to Jews-
Moses, Marx and Jesus Christ being of
that ilk; with equal readincsB he "presumed" that the Bolshoviki would crucify Jesus Christ today. Whilo such
rcplicB may bo dismissed as mere tricks
of repartee, thoy perhaps placed tho
speaker at a slight advantago ovor
some of tho comrades, who showed a
littlo "emotionalism" at times.
Comrado Bennett openod the genoral
discussion by flatly asserting thot tho
speaker knew nothing whatcvor about
Bolshevism—nothing outside tho Bourgeois associations of his own lifo. To
him, tho "people" ,meant tho Bourgeois, whilo the "proletariat" were
only the slaves. Whon tho proletariat
had all the powor and all tho say-so,
they would bo tho only people. Tho
Bolsheviki wore victorious everywhero,
becauso the peoplo joined them everywhere thoy went. The "starvation"
spoken of was "not in BuBBia, but in
Siberia, where tho Allied troops are in
control." Ho thought the speaker had
somo '' gall'' to complain of the Bolsheviki muzzling the press, when "right
in this country today you cannot publish anything tho Canadian governmont
don't want''
Another comrado said tho speaker
had not shown them the cause of Bolshevism, whHt it was, or whnt it was
going to do. It camo into existence owing to capitalism. Worso than the
"flu," it would spread because tho
working clnss would go in with it nil
over the world to got rid of the parasite class.   (Tremendous applause.)
Comrade Knvanngh referred incisive
ly to a certain kind of "evolutionists,"
nnd pointed out that "each system
must kill tho idculbgy of the preceding." Tho proletariat of tho world
must of necessity destroy the ideology
of capitalism with its notions of truth,
justice, morality, etc., and build up nn
idcalogy based on common ownership
in nil things necessary. The socinl evo*
lution wns not yot achieved in Russin;
for n starting-place, on industrinl die*
tutorship was necessary. Ho promised
Mr. Mnkovski thnt, when they got control, thoy would establish n dictator*
ship that would prevent him and his
like from printing their lien.
Comrado Thomas also testified to the
speaker's absoluto ignorance of thc
new regime, which was "starting a
now era for the civilized world."
J, Fleming, too, thought thnt Mr.
Makovski hasn't enlightened us very
much nt all. They hnd got Bolshevism
here in Vnncouver—peoplo openly confessing and proud of It. (Hear, hear.)
He did not know that he was nltogelhor
in favor of Bolshevism, though its aims
and ideals were recognized by tho Methodist church ns "absolutely admirable." In nny cnso, ho was not keen
on the iden of "taking care of tho
other fellow's morality," which savored of tnking the mote out of thn olher
fellow's eye and forgetting the beam in
one's own.
In cast- Mr. Makovski had not already enough points to reply lo, a few
more questions were now nimed at him.
One wns, "Does Mr. Makovski Ihink
we're nil Jev.s? We're without a country!"    Another wns  double-barrelled:
(1) "Is net Kerensky at thiB time nn
admirer of the Soviet, government?"
(2) "Why is nol Kerensky allowed to
leave England?" Another was, "Why
should wo hnve nny reverence for tho
church? What has it dono for us? We
know very well  what it hus done lo
IF IT'S BEALLY
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UNION STOBB
LADIES' SUITS
FBOM 840 UP
and Hamilton
out somo paragraphs. Fancy snch
heresy as tho suggestion that tho independence of Ireland is to bo preferred to "tho still more hateful altor-
nativo of having permanently to hold
down tho Bister island by forco."
...
There ia another medieval scrlbo in
Ottawa who'll erupt at that. He wos
won't to ingratiato himself with tho
entourages of vlco*royalty by remarking that when he saw a Yankoo in Canada he eould not resist tho feeling that
he should bo hanged for high treason.
Verily, thero arc somo rare specimens
iu Ottawa outsido the museum.
...
It is twenty years gono sinco tho
late Sir William Van Homo closed a
discussion with mo on tho Chineso in
British Columbia by changing tho sub*
jeet after marking this statement:
"All British Columbia needs Is capital
and cheap labor." What I gathor from
Trado Commissioner Thompson's utterances sinco ho returnod on a visit to
his old stamping ground his preserlp*
tion is: Moro sweat and less talk.
What men of great affairs say should
be listened to with great attention; yet
much attention oft begets what thoy
might regard as the irroverent thought
that thoy do not know what they are
talking about, Thoy moke idols of
trado aud commerce as tho Israelite!
mado an idol of gold whon Moses waa
upon the mountain. Tbo welfare of
tho people is the supremo purposo of
the stato. Tho spread of comfort and
happiness, not the trado returns, nre the
measure of the progress of a eountry.
That waB always the truo, and ia now
to bo tho accepted measure. The old
system wos engulfed by tho war. Our
trado commissioner ia anachronistic.
BBBHON MeCABTT.
Harry Neelands, of the Typographical Union, is back from Taeoma, where
ho has beon in attendance at tho Northwest Typographical Union conference,
held on Monday and Tuesday of thia
week.
The Jonah-Prat Co. Square Deal Union Store
for Men
UNTIL FEBRUARY 7TH WE WILL BE
RUNNING A BIG STOCKTAKING SALE.
EXTRA SNAPS IN FURNISHINGS.   "**
200 FANCY TWEED SUITS TO CLEAR
AT $16.00-DON'T MISS THEM.
The Jonah-Pratt Co.
Square Deal Union Store
401 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Mr. Makovski'a brief reply was of «■
somewhat delimit and taunting charactor, and did not throw much furthor
light, on tho situation. He was "proud f
lo speak /or Ihe Bourgeoisie," who un-'
iter present conditions were Ihe majority,   No doubt Jack Kavanagh would
bo the lender of the   proletariat   uhen j
Ihey became "thc only pooplo."   Thoy
stood for the class war.   (Hoar, hear,') {
llo thought thoro were onough Intelligent people, in Cnnnda to take up Ihut
gago and stand for the class wur too.
His hearers were rendy to shed blood—]
excopt thotr own blood.   ("What about j
tho men in jail?")  Cnnnda wns a Democracy.    (Dfirisivo  Inugh ter.)    They
ignored the soid of a people.   (Laugh-
ler nnd henr, hear.)   If Ihe prolotarlal
wished to forco tho issuo by forte, it
would only end again in reaction.
The chairman pnid tribute,to "the
courage of our friend to eome and faco
fhe mimic," nnd said thnt (hone lust
words of his would be answered nt very
considerable longth. For next Sunday,
somebody waggishly proposed "that
Mr. Makbvski bo nsked to Bpoftk on
Bolshevism," Mr. Mukovslci good-nnl-
uredly joined in the Inugh, and the
meeting decided to hear Kavanagh or
Pritchnrd hnndel the subject at the
next meeting.
FIRE SALE
Offers Big Showing in
CHILDREN'S BOOTS
•12 pain* of child's all kid und kid with fabric (onu, button with laco
tassel.  Sizes to 7 1*2.   Eogular $1.00. g *|   nm
Firo Salo  Price    «pl«_)<D
32 pairs of Child's vcluur calf and patent leather boots ia luce or button
styles. Sizos to 10 1-2. licgulur $1 Ut). An nr.
Fire Sale Price  <$)_\.00
17 pairs of child'a el oleic kid boots, laced; sizes to fl.        tf> 1   O E_
Rogular (2.00.   Fire Kale Prloo   ipI.-J-J
■II pairs child's patent ankto strap slippers. Sizes to ID 1 2. (_ _ Q __
Ilogulor $8.00.   Fire Sale Prico   <4)l.o0
10 pairs of misses' line veb.nr coif boots; also a good quality patent wilh
mat kid toper villi fabric lopj billion or lace; sizes II to 2. (to OC
Begular price J4.7C.   Pirn Salo Price   «J>_.00
33 pairs mlsBM' One kid boots with patonl tip, In loco or button': bUoc
11 to 2. Regular price $8.60, *. - n-
Fire Sale  Price      Jj> 1 .OO
(H pairs mlssoB' linsl quality patont colt boots, with high fabric lops, in
loco or button,   61m*b .11 to 2.   Roplor $4.76. *>o  re
Fin* Sale  Pr    JpOoOO
A Durable lioot for Youths ami Boys
US pairs, for youths ami boys; boots in the durable elir d Irniathor, Ian
or blnck; triple icd Btltch, hand scwa side, doublo loo-oanj solid loathor
counter aad iieel.
Kij-.H II to i:i 1*2.   Hegiilur $4,50.
Fire Salo   Price  	
Slues 1 lo 6 I 2.   Eogular $6.60.
Fire Sale  Trie,*   	
$3.35
$4.35
"TheHome af Goad Shoes'
ICHARDSDNS
649 Hastings, w.  near gbanvi u._ .
m PAGE SIX
THB BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Are You Hard To Fit?
Do you have trouble getting Shoes to "feel good"
on your feet. Do your Shoes feel too wide in some
places and not wide enough in others? And worst
feeling of all, do your Shoes fail to fit you in the
arch of the footf
If you have any of these troubles you need a COMBINATION LAST—a Shoe that, for example, would
' be "C" wide in the ball, "B" wide through the
waist of the Shoe, and only "A" wide in the heel,
making a snug, easy-fitting Shoe with plenty of
room in the' foro part, and yet fits closely at heel
and waists-just firmly enough to hold up the areh
and keep the foot in place in the Shoe. For ladies
in black kid and brown calf. For men, two linos in
black kid.
WILSON'S
■    Twin Shoe Stores
157-159 Hastings St. W.
Near Cambie
LETTERS TO
p*=
OH, DEAR BESPEOTABILITYI
I hug my hearth Sre, oozy, warm,
Approved by wise and loving friends;
But dearie mel
She passes in the marching storm,
Down tho long road that never ends,
Bebel an doutcnat, beggared, free,
The woman that I daro to be,
I daro not be.
I have a task that Ills my days,
I do it with a right good will,
And earn thoreby both bread and praise
But dearie met
Why doos her mocking laughter still
Burn to the very soul of mo,
The woman that I dare not be,
I daro not be.
A sanctuary I would seek,
On Sundays in tho house of prayorj
But whon I kneel among tho meek,
Oh, dearie mel
Between mo and the altar thero,
God's scorn in hor clear eyes, I see,
Tho woman that 1 daro not be,
I dare not be. *
—Allono   Grogory  in   the  January
Liborator, with apologies for slight interpolations.
Printers Baiso Wages
Dubuquo, Iowa.—The Typographical
Union has secured a five-year agroo:
ment with employors which raises rates
to $26 and $28 a woek. Tho contract
may be rooponod the first of ovory yoar
by "cithor party on 60 days' notice.
Patronize FederationiBt   advertisers
and tell them why you do so.
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Vancouver—the
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law WiU Allow
Wa Deserve Trada Union Patronage
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St. West, or 622 Pender West
-APPLICATIONS FOR-
Winter Term
day and night school
Received up to—
Monday, January 6th
Success—trained students are always in demand.
Phone Fairmont 2075
Phone us now, for full information.
Success Business College, Ltd.
E. SCOTT EATON, B. A., Principal
Corner Main and Tenth Vancouver, B. C.
The Last Week of Our
Semi-Annual Sale
Next week will be the last week for such SHOE
VALUES as we are offering at this sale.
-SAVE MONEY ON YOUR SHOE BILL NOW-
$7.85
$5.95
George A. Slater's Invietus Boots; $10.00 and
$11.00 values for 	
Men's tan calf Boots; white
fibre soles, at	
Other lines of Men's Union-made Footwear at big reductions.
Boys' and Girls' "Steclite" School Boots; thp best wearing
School Boots at anything near the price.
ON SALE IN OUR ECONOMY BASEMENT
BOYS'AND GIRLS1 CORNER
What Does "Bolsheviki" Mean?
Editor B. C. Foderationist: As I had
tho opportunity at tho O'Brion Hall
last Sunday, to hear one of the most
unroasoning explanations of "Bolshevism" by an "intellectual genius,"
wbo calls himself Mr. Makovski. I
would bo very thankful if I am allowed to express some thoughts on the
subject, through Tho Federationist.
The speaker, Mr. Makovski, seemed
quito willing to unlock the '' great safe
of knowledge" and let somo of us poor
ignorant workers tako a "poop" in
it, but the speaker evidently left the
koy at home, and was standing thore
unable to open it.
Tho speaker's explanation of "Bolshevism" was, tbat a fow "agitators"
of Jewish birth, some of thom on tho
pay-roll of tho imperial govornment of
Germany, had mixed themselves among
the wago workers of Eussia and were
preaching certain doctrines that woro
" anarchistic" nnd dangerous to tho
old noble soul of Russia," in brief,
that was tho speuker'a explanation of
"Bolshevism." Now, tho question
arises, It that explanation truo? Is
tho speaker's explanation in accordance with thc underlying economic
forces thnt governs us nil.
In ordor to understand the groat
changes that arc taking placo within
tho superstructure of "capitalism" we
must get the key that has been formed
by different brilliant students of tho
capitalist system of production,
must study economics from the point
of view of tho wago worker.
Evidently Mr. Makovski is not
student of Karl Marx, Englcs, Adam
Smith, und others, becauso if ho was,
ho would not make himself foolish and
tell a public assembly that the attompt
of the Bussian wago workers, to establish a dictatorship of tho "prolotariat"
was produced by a few agitators of
Jewish origin.
Had Mr. Makovski been a student
of sociology as understood, by tho majority of tho wage workers' of today, ho
would of necessity bo convinced that
dictatorship, not only of tho Russian proletariat, but of tho proletariat
of the-world must tako place, in spito
of all tho different interests that desires to enslavo tho workors. In spito
of all "agitators."
Tho koy that Mr, Mnkowski so intelligently loft at homo is the "wage
Bystem" that is the corner stono that
wo must build our "explanations" of
"Socialism," "anarchism" and "Bolshevism,"   capitalism   or   any   othor
isms'' on.   The student of any of tho
isms" mentioned, will not bo able to
explain any of thom unless tho present
robbery of tho wago workers at the
source of production is understood.
However, Mr. Makovski, if ho has
any spark of Intelligence at all in his
cranium, must know that all tho different articles that aro commonly called
commodities nro produced for salo, ho
must know that all commodities are
bought and sold for money.
Now wc will follow tho argument
•to its conclusion. First it will bo necessary to put forth a question. Does
tho wage workers receive in terms of
money, the full valuo of thcir labor
powor? To any reasonable student of
Socialism thoro can only bo ono answer,
and that is; Nol Well then, when aU
commodities aro bought and sold for
money thero must, to the extent that
wo. wngo workors nre paid short, be nn
accumulation of commodities on our different national and imperial markets,
thoso surplus values can not, in accordance with capitalism be disposed of
within the domain of the eountry where
they were produced, because we, the
intelligent wago earners, are standing
thero with our pockets empty, not*being able to buy any of it.
Now the sumo situation is prevailing
in all of our countries thc medium of
exchango is concentrated in our different national treasuries measured by
billions of dollars or pounds, the name
docs not mntter.
On tho other hand we have tho wago
earners by tho millions looking for
"jobs" and cannot get (hem, because
there is no ono to use the uurensouuble
amount of commodities thut wo have
produced, und by so doing, create moro
jobs for us, and the reason for not
"using" or consuming those commodities is this: That we have boon so long
accustomed to buy everything with our
"wages" that we can hardly conceive
of rising or consuming anything without "paying" for it. If this "intellectual genius," Mr. Makovski, is going to spenk to any more assemblies
of the public, aud give any moro "explanations" of Bolshevism, or any olher
"isms," I wonld advise him not to
forget the key to all "isms," wuges,
tint next Ume. The dictatorship, or an
industrial administrative of tho machines of production, by the working
class of the World, must tuke place, it
is as natural as day following night.
Tho onward march of the workers
of the world toward "tho great international cluss struggle" betwoen international capitalism and internntionnl
•Socialism, cannot be stopped whether
certnin "agitators" be they of Jewish
ur British origin, are opposed to it, or
in fnvor of it. The economic laws, that
has moulded the destinies of the empires of old, are still moulding the destiny not only of Russia, and all the
rest of the empires today but of the
whole human nice.
ERNEST LINDBERO,
205 Carroll Rt.
1 ]-*>*--
izzzc
do greater things
tion.'''
is   termed  'evolu-
Editor B. C. Foderationist: Will you
grant ma space to make a suggestion,
which is that as tho labor market is
now over-stocked und will be more so
in the near future, what with tho shipyards laying off large numbers of
men, I think it the height of madness
on the part of the workers to talk
strike to raise wages on a falling murket.
. Nuw, Mr. Editor, what 1 would suggest is that a protest be sont by all organized bodies arid unorganized bodies
making a demand that not one pound of
foodstuffs be shipped out of this country until th nprice of all foodstuffs
grown and manufactured in this country nre reduced. This enn be done, it
wus dono in Australia the second ycur
of the war by the Longshoremen's
Union,' and it can be done here. This
is no flght for a few crumbs for craft
or any bunch of men, but for thc interest of tho whole people.
I think, if it is tnken up by
the different unlont* and discussed, a
manifesto muy be drawa up and sent
from const to coust. The people who
hnvo produced these thiugs should certainly be nblo to get them a great deal
cheaper than they aro, for thero is
plenty of food fur all nnd still u lot
over .
The food controller said that  they
Discovering Nature's Secrets.
E. A. F.
Did you ever read fairy stories?
"Oh-h-h, yes," says ono littlo girl.
NO," stoutly declares Jim, "fairy
stories aro only for girls." I '1 tell you
a secret. Thero aro boys who do like
fairy stories and thoro are girls who
don't. But very few boys and girls
know that fairy stories can be read
in two ways. The first is to just read
thc story and then put tho book down
and say they cither liko it or don't
liko it. Tho other way is to say, "Every
Btory written was first thought out by
someone, becauso a book is just like
preserved talk. It came into somebody 'a head and this somebody thought
it was worth putting down. What made
this story worth putting down?" If
you nsk yourself this question you got
very Btrange answers sometimes. Somo
stories aro written simply because thoy
aro "tho kind people liko" and will
buy "to puss tho time;" somo to make
people want to do different work, or
think in a differont wuy; somo to toll
of the wonders of the world in an interesting way; some to mako peoplo
think bitterly of others; some to make
them think kindly, some—but I haven't
room for nny moro "somes." Tho next
timo you road a story try to think why
it wns over written. Here's onc, right
away.
"Are thero fairies, mother?" asked
a littlo girl whoso mother always culled
her Fairy becauso sho was so happy
and bright.
"Have you not read many stories of
fairies in your school books?" asked
hor mother in roturn.
"Yes, mother," replied Fairy, "but
I don't believe thero aro renlly truly
nny fairies. Why do wo nover soe
themf Haa anybody ovor really scon
one?"
Somo people think thoy have," said
hor mother, "and only a low years ago
an old Irishman (for somo Irish pooplo
aro absolutely sure thero arc fairies)
refused to allow some people to build
him a houso on condition that he pulled
down his rickotty tumble-down hovel,
whieh wns such a disgrace. They asked
him why, nnd ho replied, 'Well, you
know, the fairies shelter here widen
thoro are no flowers and lenves and
thoy help me in my work. Thoy don't
liko now plnces and if I pulled down
my hut I might offend them and make
them my enemies.' "
"But, do you know anybody who has
Been a fairy?" persisted Fairy.
'"No," said her mother. "But years
and years ago peoplo knew vory littlo
nbout tho wonderful things of the earth
and sky, and thought and thought.
Some decided tho sun cnused all the
wonderful changes in the earth,
weather und peoplo and taught all
their boys and girls to think so too.
They wero cnlled sun-worshipers. Othors
felt theso changes wero taking plnco
but did not believo that tho sun was
the cauao of them, Tho Irish, or Celts
us they were then callod, saw their
loved ones dio, und bolieved that whnt-
over it was that had mado thom able
to movo and talk and help others was
still moving nnd tnlking and helping
without a body but had a homo in
Fuiryland, and wero called fairios.
They would leavo Fuiryland, though,
aud do far more wonderful things than
when thoy had bodies. All this the
boys and girls of thoso days wero carefully taught and believed and that iB
why somo peoplo of today believo in
fairies, and that thc wonderful things
in tho world are brought nbout by them.
Such peoplo never, troubled to ask
'Why?' because they wero so suro thi
fairies woro doing it all and that they
would never tell how. Some other people, however, who did not believe in
Fairyland thought they might find out
somothing nbout theso wonders of thoir
world, and sometimes by uccident, sometimes becauso they thought long and
carefully, more and moro men were
continually finding thnt theso things,
which nono had understood before,
could be explnincd, if only sufficient
thought and caro was used. But some
of tho earliest thinking men wero treated more cruelly by both tho priests and
those who had power in tbe country."
"Why did they treat them cruolly
for thinking?" exclaimed Fairy.
"They knew that if theso men set
others thinking about tho things around
them, that they themselves would not
bo ablo to mnko the people do ns thoy
wished them to do,'' replied her
mother.
"But they couldn't make big men
do what thoy told them to do, could
they?"
"Well, you see, for hundreds of
years tho very rich peoplo and the
priests wero the only people who could
read und write, and they frightened
those who could not read for themselves by telling them of tho terrible
evils which would come if they did
not do us they were told. Thru the
priests became afraid when peoplo began to think nnd sny that what they
told the people wus not true, so to
stop others doing so they wero cruel
to the first men brave enough to speak
out against them."
"What did these men think about?"
"Oh, plants, and why they grow iu
some places nnd not iu others, why
wood llonts and iron sinks, why it
rains."
"What good did that do?"
"Wonderful good. It made other
people nsk why nbout other things and
gradually people found out there wore
real reasons tbey could understand for
all the things that happened on tho
earth."
"And whnt good did that do?"
"They used somo of the knowledge
they had gained to improve whut was
already in the world. Our apples would
bo very poor if someone had nut
thought about them when they were no
bigger than crab apples. We should
huve no telephone if none had thought
about sounds nnd echoes. When people
found what cnused certnin things to
occur, they made things happen to
order. One mnn, Dngucrre, learned
something nbout shadows uud began tu
make shadows inside a box. From what
ho did people huve learned moro nbout
shadows and how to keop thom until
nuw we have photographs of almost
everything and tho word photograph
means shadow writing. Getting to know
about these things is called 'scientific
rcscun.li' nnd using the knowledge to
"That's something like 'revolution,'
sn't it?"
"It sounds like it, but it is better
"It sounds like it, and I daresay
you've heard people lately saying,
"Aro wo going to have evolution or
revolution?' This means, 'Are the powerful pfioplo of the world (because they
have money) going to study whaWhas
boen the result in tho past, of not allowing pooplo to speak thoir ideas, and
learn that it results in these poople
planning to overthrow those who oppress them j or aro they going to still
forbid them doing what everybody really knows they havo a right to do? If
they study tho past and decide that rev-
olution is always the result of oppression thoy may decido it is botter to put
a stop to this oppression. Then there
will bo evolution. If the people who
hold tho power atill oppress the peoplo
whoso labors havo given them tho
profits whieh in turn gave thom tho
powor thoy havo, thon there will most
likely be revolution, which so ofton
means suffering for Borne who have
done nothing to doservo it. Whieh
would bo tho bettor, Fairy, evolution
or revolution?"
"I think evolution would be bettor
than revolution," Baid Fairy.
What do you boys and girls think
about it?
And why was this story writtou.
WORLD WIDE NOTES
(Continue*, from page S)
FBIDAY January 84, MU
shipped 11,000 of torn* last yoar, but
thorn i» in be 25,000 of ions thla yeur,
ns wo have (jot to feed tho Clornmnn so
that thoy ran pay tho wur claims that
the Allies may make oa them, I hope
to see something done along thc lines
mentioned by thn different unions na it
Is our only dlllllCe for tlie poople to
exlit,
T. BOOKER,
4078 Harris St.,
Vancouver Heights, B. C.
One of Our Navy Blue
Yorkshire Serge Suits
Is the Best Clothing Investment We Know Of Today
Fabrics have suffered sueh dilution and prices such inflation
that a man has to be a fair judge of Clothing to know when he
is faced with good Clothing value. Through the war years wa
have done our best to give those who look to us to supply their
clothing requirements the best that is going with more or less
success. There is one bright spot in our buying—a navy serge
suit at $32.50 which, becauso it never fails to be fashionable
and widely worn season after season, we were able to requisition sufficient high-grade material to meet requirements. Com-
pare this suit with any navy serge suit you can find. Examine
its texture. Note its weight and wearing qualities. There
are few stores that have its equal at $40.00. You men who
have a suit to buy in the near future should drop into the storo
and let your own eyes and fingers bc the judge of the fairness
of our statement. You will not be intimidated in any way.
The suit itself must convince you.
Party cloeted one monibor to overy 41,-
000 of Us votes.
"This fact has mado a tremendous
impression in England. Even in tho
districts whero tho lnbor candidates
wore not elected the party polled a
tremendous vote."
*    •    •
Parades of Unemployed Workers
•Evorymnn" of London calls attention to tho fact that processions* of
unemployed workors through Trafalgar
Square and down Whitehall havo been
on tho increase in recent weeks, i'lt
is from such spontaneous demonstrations," says "Everyman," "that
every revolution in history has sprung.
. . . Representing tho discharged, war
workers of tho nation, thoy presont an
extraordinary varied rango of classes;
and old and young march together in a
startling contrast. Yot theso demonstrations aro highly significant, and
their frequency must be an unhealthy
sight."
SCANDINAVIA
Visit of Scandinavian Journal-its')
In connection with tho visit of Scandinavian .-journalists, who camo to
America at tho invitation of the Committeo on Public Information, three Socialist editors reeently visited the
Hand School. Thoy wcro Otto Johnn*
son of the Social Demokraten, Stockholm, Sweden; Emil Marrot, editor of
Fyons I Social Demokrat, Odcnse, Don-
mark, and Jacob Vidnes, formor oditor
of tho Socinl Demokraten of Chris*
tian-in, Norway. They stated that very
littlo labor and radical news regarding
America was pormitted to reach Scandinavia. Thus the only nows regarding
Eugene V. Dobs thnt' filtered through
was tho falno roport that ho had denounced the St. Louis resolution of tho
Socialist Party. About tho I. W. W.
trinl, practically nothing was known.
SWEDEN
Goteborg Workers Want rood
Tho Communal Fedoration of the
Workors of Gotoborg has addressed a
demand to tho Swedish government
tlmt a just distribution be mado of tho
food supplies that arc boing imported
into Sweden. Tho manifesto points out
that the middlemen are making enormous profits, and that food is only within the reach of tho wealthier classes.
The limit of endurance has been reached by tho workers, it states. Tho manifesto demands that all middlemen bc
eliminated. Tho workors of othor communities are called upon to mako similar doraands.
SWITZERLAND
Bank Clerks Strike and Win Demands
That oven "white eollar alaves" in
beginning to soo tho vnluo of united
action, is seen from tho fact thnt tho
bank clorks of Zurich recently conducted a successful strike for higher pay
and other conceBions. Their wages aro
now from $50 to ttiO a month instoad
of $10 to $20 a month, tho pitiful wagos
given thom boforo tho striko. The general public was in hearty sympathy
with thc striko, nnd porsuoded the
women who wcro offered tho bank
clerks' plnces, not to accept the offers.
Furthermore, cubs, taxis, stores, restaurants, cafes and public offices went
on strike in order thut tho bank clorks
might win their demands.
Bailway Clerks Uniting
Stockton, Cal. — Railway clerks in
this eity are awakening to tho advantages  of organization  and are  acting
accordingly. #
Pntronizo Federationist   advortiscra
and tell them why you do so.
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCOBPi-BATBD 18«»
Capital Authorized $ 25,000,000
Capital Paid-up _____  .. $ 14,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits. $ 15,000,000
Total Assets $360,000,000
618 branohei In Canada, Newfoundland and British Wut
Indies.
Alio branohei ln London, England, New Tork (Sty and Barcelona, Spain.
Tw-Jlve branchei in Vancouver:
Main Office—Oorner Hastings and Homer Streets
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner Granville and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Corner Granville and Seventh Avenuo West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 27 otker points
in British Columbia.
SPBCIAI* ATTENTION GIVEN TO BA VINOS ACCOUNT*
One dollar opens an aeeonnt, on whieh interes   is paid half-yearl-r tt
earrent rates. '
THOI. PEACOCK,
Manager Vucoav*r Branch
O. W.
FBAZEB, Vancouver,
InpenrlMr for B.O.
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THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
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In spite of the fact that prices will be higher later, we are
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160 YABDS only of full bleaohed Table Damask, from Irish lines, but
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THE INTERNATIONAL REVOLUTION
PAGE SEVENT
Speech Delivered Before the All-Bus-' "there, too, the attitudo of the proIeta>up to now has not taken the Bolaheviki
Bian Soviet Executive Committee,
October 22, 1918
[By N. LENIN]
I believe our present situation, despite all tho contradictions it contains;
can be - characterized by two theses':
First, that wo never beforo stood ao
near to the international proletarian
revolution as at presont; second, that
we on the other hand nevor found ourselves in a more dangerous position
than now.
And tho most serious part of our
situation consists in tho fact that the
broad masses of the people are hardly
awaro of the danger that menaces us.
Thereforo, it must be one of the principal tasks of tho Soviot representatives to mako the present situation entirely cloar to the broad maBsos—no
matter how difficult this task may
sometimes bo. Tho weightiest objection
that was raised against tho Soviot government, not only by tho bourgeoisie
but also from tho ranks of tho lower
middlo class that had lost faith in Socialism, was that wo allegedly had begun tho Socialist revolution in Bussia
in a reckless manner, as tho revolution
m WoBtorn Europo was not yet duo.
Comrades, now in tho fifth year of
tho world war tho general collapse of
imperialism iB an evident fact; now
it is clear that tho revolution in all tho
belligerent countries is unavoidable.
We, however, whose existonce at the
beginning was counted by days or
weeks, at the most, havo dono more
in this year of tho revolution than ovor
has boon done by any other proletarian
party in tho world. Tho bourgcoisio no
longer denies that Bolshevism is now
an international phenomenon. Of courso
you know that tho revolution has
broken out in Bulgaria and that tho
Bulgarian soldiers are organizing councils, or Soviots, after tho Bussian modol.
Now comes the news that similar Soviets are in tho process of being organized also in Serbia. The national bourgeoisie of tho various small states of
Austria will not be able to hold out.
In Austria, too, tho revolution of the
workers and peasants is knocking at
the door everywhere.
In Germany the press already talks
openly of tho abdication of the kaiser
and tho Independent Social Democratic
party now dares to speak of tho Gorman republic. This certainly means
something! Thc Gorman revolution is
already a fact. Tho military party
talks about it openly. In East Prussia
revolutionary committeos have boon
formed; revolutionary slogans aro being uttered. Thc Schoidcmann gang
will not romain at tho helm very long;
it docs not represont the broad masses
of the people, and tho proletarian revolution in Germany is inevitable.
So far as Italy is concerned, tho revolutionary sentiment of tho proletariat
of that country is ovidont to ub. Whon
Gompers, tho social patriot who has
turned himsolf ovor to tho bourgcoisio,
visited tho citios of Italy and preached
patriotism to tho workers ho was hissod
out everywhere During tho war the
Italian Socialist party has taken a big
step toward the Loft. In France at the
beginning of tho war tho numbor of patriots among the workers was only too
great, for it was declared that tho soil
of France nnd Paris was roonaccd. But
rait is changing. When a lotter was
read to the last convontion telling what
mischief the Entente was up to in Bussia there wero shouts of "Long live
tho Bussian SociaUst republic" and
"Long live the Soviets!" Yesterday
wc got word that at a meeting in Paris
2,000 motal workers greeted the Soviet
republic.
And in England it is true that tho
so-called Independent Labor party has
not openly entered into an alliance with
tho Bolsheviki, but its sympathies for
us are constantly on tho increaso. The
Socialist Labor parties of Scotland
have ovon como out oponly for tho
Bolshoviki.
This fact looms up bofore ub entirely
on its own initiative: Bolshevism has
becomo a world theory and tactics of
tho international proletariat. And tho
workingmen of all countries, who formerly read only tho lying and calumin-
oua'articles and news roports of the
bourgeois press, are now beginning to
tako stock of what is happening in
Russia. And when last Wednesday a
demonstration took place in Berlin, and
tho workers—in order to show thoir ill-
will toward tho kaiser—-wanted to
inarch in front of his palace, they then
went to the Bussian embassy in order
thus to announce thoir solidarity with
tho acts of tho Bussian Proletarian governmont.
So, Europe has got this far in tho
fifth year of tho war. Therefore, wo
also declare that wc nover wore
noar to tho world-wide revolutions as
wo are today.- Our allies are millions
and millions of proletarians in all tho
countrios of thc world. But for all that,
I repeat thal^ our situation nover boforo was so percarious as it is at prosent, because in Europe, ns well as in
America, Bolshevism is being reckoned
with as a world power and a world
Immediately following tho conclusion
of tho peace of violence (Brest-Litovsk) wo began tho positive work of
building up the Socialist republic, As
soon as wo gave an opportunity to tho
peasants actually to got along without
tho land owners, and a chance to the
industrial workers to arrange thoir own
life without the capitalist, aa soon aa
tho pooplo understood that* it could manage the state itsolf, without slavery
and exploitation, then it became dear
to everyone, and also manifested itself
in practice, that no counter revolution
in thc world would be able to overthrow tho Soviet power, i. o., tho governmont of tho workers and peasants.
It required many months for us to como
to this conviction in Bussia,
In tho cities tho revolution began to
consolidate itself already in November,
1917, but in tho country it did not do
so until the summer of 1918. In tho
Ukraine, on tho Don, and in various
othor places, tho peasants have had
occasion to foci the powor of tho constituents and tho Czecho-Slovaks in
thoir own affairs. ThiB required many,
many months, but our agricultural population comes out of tho strugglo hardened. Tho danger menacing thom from
tho sido of tho capitalists and tho land
owners, but were not frightened, and
maToly said to themselves: "Wo have
learned much in a,singlo year, but we
shall learn still more."
Thc West European bourgcoisio, that
ANY SOLDIER TO HIS SON
What did you do, Daddy, in tho great world war?
Well, I learned to peel potatoes and tb scrub tho barrack floor,
I learned to use a shovel ,aud a barrow, and a pick,
I learned "to get a jerk on," and I learned "to make 'om click."
I learned tho road to Folkestone, und I looked my last on home,
As I heaved my beans und bacon to thc lishes and the foam;
And thc Blighty boats went by us, and tho harbor hovo in sight,
And they landed us und sorted us, and marched us "By thc right,
Quick marchl" along tho cobbles, by the kids who ran along
Singing "Appo-Spcarmunte-Shokolah" through dingy old Boulong.
And tho windows, and thc nurses ,and tho niggers and Chinese,
And the gangs of smiling Fritzcs, as saucy as you please.
I learned to ride, as soldiers ride, from Etaps to tho Linn,
For days and nights in cuttle trucks, pucked in like droves of swine;
I learned to curl und kip it on a foot of muddy floor,
And to envy cows and horses that have beds of "bcaucoup" straw.
I learned to wash in shell-holes ,nnd to shave myself in tea,
Whilo tho fragments of a mirror did a balance on my knee.
I learned to dodgo thc whizz-hangs, and the flying lumps of lend,
And to keep a foot of earth between tho Bniper and my head.
I learned to keep my haversack well filled with buckshco food;
To take tho army issuo and to pinch what else I could.
I learned to cook Mnconockie with candle cads and string,
With "four-by-two" and sardine oil and any god-dum thing.
I learned to use my bayonet according as you please
For a bread-knife or a chopper, or a prong for toasting cheese.
I learned to gather souvenirs, that home I hoped to send,
And hump them round for months and months and dump them in the end.
I learned to hunt for vermin in the lining of my shirt,
To crack thom with my finger nail and fool tho beggars spurt,
I learned to sloop by snatches ou tho flreslcp of a trench,
And to eat my brcakfust mixed with mud and Fritz's heavy slonch.
I learned to pray for Blighty ones, and lie and squirm with fear
When Gerry started strafing and thc Blighty ones were near.
I learned to write homo cheerful, with my heart a lump of lead,
With the thought of you und mother, when shu heard that I was (lend.
And tho only thing like pleasure over there 1 ever knew
Wus to hear my pul conic shouting, "There's u parcel, mute, for you."
Bo much for whut I did do;  now for what I have not done,
Woll, I nover kissed a French girl, and I never killed a Hun;
I never missed an issue of tobacco, pay, or rum,
I never mado a friend, nud yot 1  never lacked a chum.
I nover used to grumble aftor broakfost in the line
That the eggs were cooked loo lightly or (lie bucon cut too fine.
1 never told a sergeant just exactly what 1 thought;
I never did a pack drill, for 1 never quite got caught.
I never stopped u whizz-bang, though I've stopped n lot of mud,
But the ono which Fritz sent over with my namo on was a dud.
1 nover played tho hero or walked about on lop,
I kopt insido my ^uhkholo when the shells begun to drop—
Well, Tommy Jones' father must be mndo of different stuff;
I never asked for trouble;  the issuo was enough.
So 1 learned to live and lump it in the lovely lund of wur,
Where nil tho faceB of nature seems u monstrous septic sore;
Where thc bowels of earth hang open, like tlie gnta of something slain.
And thc rot and wreck of everything ure churned nnd churned again;
Where nil is dono in darkness, and whero all is still in day;
Whore living men are buried and (he dead unburied lay;
Where men inhabit holes like rats, and tho only rats live there,
Where cottage stood and castle once in days before La Guerre;
Where endless files of soldiers thread thc everlasting way,
By endless miles of duckbonrds, through endless walls of clay.
Whero lifo is one hard lubor, and a soldior gets his rest
When thoy leavo him in the daisies with a puncture in his chest.
And I read tho Blighty papers, where tho murrain of the pen
Tell of "Christmas in thc trenches," und "The Spirit of Our Men."
And I saved tho choicest morsels, and I read them to my chum,
And he muttered, as he cracked n louse, and wiped it off his thumb;
"May a thousand chats from Belgium crawl their lingers ns they write;
May they drcum thcy'ro not exempted till they faint with mortal fright;
May the fattest rats in Dickebusch rave over them in bod;
May the lies they've written choke them like u gus cloud till they're dead:
May the horror and the torture, and the things they never toll,
(For they only write to order) be reserved for them hi Hell!
You'd like to bc a soldier, and go to France some dayt
By all tho dead in Dolvillo Wood, by all the nights I lay
Betwecji our lino and Fritz's, before thoy brought mo in;
By this old wood and loathor stump, that wus once flesh and skin;
By all the lads who crossed with me, but never crossed again;
By ull tho prayers their mothers and their sweethearts prayed in vuin;
Beforo the things that were thut duy should ever more befall,
Muy God, in common pity, destroy as one and nil,
-—The Nation,
serioualy, is now becoming aware that
in Russia a power to arouse truo horo-
ism and a genuine spirit of sclf-sacri-
fico in the masses. When thia proletari-
and powor bogan to infect Europo the
bourgeoisie of tho world noted that it,
too, must reckon with thia enemy. And
so the bourgeoisio began to unite mor»
closely in proportion as we drew nearer
to the proletarian world revolution
which flared up, now hore, now there.
Now the situation for us, for the
Bussia of the Soviets, haa changed and
events are following thoir course at a
quickened pace. Boforo, we had to doal
with two groups of imperialistic robber atates, that wero striving to destroy each other. But now they havo
noticed, especially by tho oxample of
Gorman imperialism, that thoir principal enemy is tho revolutionary proletariat. By reason of this, fact a now
danger for us has now arisen, a dangor
that haa yot not quite unfolded itsolf,
and is not yot fully visible—the danger
that thc Anglo-French imperialists are
quietly preparing for ua. Wo must'keep
this dangor clearly boforo our eyes bo
thot wo, with tho aid of tho loaders of
the masses, with the help of tho representatives of the workers and peasants, may mako tho broad massea of
thc peoplo aware, of this dangor.
In German government circles we
may now observe two linos of thought,
two plans for salvation, as it woro, if
thero can bo any talk- at all of salvation. One group says: "We want to
gain time and hold out until spring;
porhaps wo may succeed in winning by
nrms!" Tho othor says that it is of
the greatest importance to arrivo at an
agreement with England and Franco
at tho expense of the BolBhoviki. In
this connection ono might bolievo that
betweofl* tho English and Fronch on
the ono sido, and Gormany on the other,
a tacit agreement something like this
exists: "Don't you Germans leave tho
Ukraine so long as wo havo not arrived
there.   Seo to it that the Bolsheviki
don't get in, thon. every thing elso will
bo adjudged." And the Germans tako
great caro to do so, for thoy know that
for proved servico they, too, will got
some of the loot
That is the judgment of the Anglo-
French imperialists, for they very well
understand that the bourgeoisie of tho
occupied districts—Finland, the Ukraine or Poland—will not be able to
hold its ground a singlo day after tho
withdrawal of tho Gorman garrisons
and the bourgeoisie of theso countrios,
who only yestorduy sold their torritory
to the Gormans, are today offering their
fatherland to the English and tho
French. This conspiracy of tho bourgeoisie of all countries against tho revolutionary workors and thc Bolsheviki
is constantly becoming moro clearly
outlined and becomes cynically apparent. So it is our diroct duty to point
out this danger to tho workers and
peasants of all the belligerent countries.
But for us, comrades, the German
revolution is favorable. Considering
tho powor and thd degree of organization of tho German proletariat, wo may
believo that tho Gorman revolution will
develop such power and will bo well organized that it will solvo a hundrod
international problems. Only wo must
know how to march in lino with tho
German rovoltuion, not to run ahead of
it and injuro it, but to help it. And our
comrades, tho communists of tho Uk-
ruino, must bear this in mind. Our principal work must bo carrying on propaganda, but a daring, persistent propaganda.
We must not forgot thut Germany
forms thc most important link iu the
revolutionary chain. Tho success of the
world revolution depends to the greatest degrco upon Germany. Wo must not
fail to consider tho chnnges and excrescences accompanying every revolution.
In overy country tho revolution follows
its particular ways and those ways are
so different and tortuous that in many
countries thc revolution cnn bo delayed
ono or two yoarfl. Every country must
pass through definite political stages in
order to arrive at tho samo point—tho
inevitable proletarian revolution. And
ulthough thc international proletariat
is now awakening and making important progress, we must confess that our
position is particularly difficult becauso
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our enemies direct their attacks against
us aa thcir principal enemy. Now thoy
aro preparing to flght, not againat hostile armies, but against international
Bolshevism.
We must direct out entire attention
at presont to our southern front, whore
tho fate, not only of Bussia, but alao
of the international revolution, ia to be
decided. Wo have many prospects of
victory. But what favors ua most of
all ia the fact that a change haa taken
place in the popular feeling. The peo-
>le have grasped the fact that in do-
ending Soviot Bussia it it not defending tho interests of the capitalists, but
its own intorests, ita own country and
desires, its factories and shops, itB lifo
and liberty. The discipline of the Bed
Army is gaining, but it la not a discipline of the club, but the discipline of
Socialism, tho discipline of a society of
equals.
Tho army iB turning out thousands
of offlcors who havo gono through the
courso of study in tho now proletarian
military schools, and othor thousands
who have only gono through tbo hard
school of war itsolf. Our southern front
is the front against tho wholo Anglo-
French imperialism, against tho moat
important opponent we have ln the
world. But wo do not fear this opponent, for wo know tbat it will soon faco
tho strugglo with ita "internal enemy." Throo months ago it was Baid
that only tho half-crazy Bolshoviki
could believo in tho German revolution;
but today wo sec how in tho course of
n fow months Germany has changed
from u mighty empire to a rotten tree
trunk. Thc forco thnt has overthrown
Gormany itt also working in Englnnd.
It is only weak todny, but with ovoiy
step that the English nnd French ad-
i vancc in Bussia this forco will steadily
I rise to power and will oven becomo i
moro torriblo thnn tho Spanish influenza. /
The seriousness of tho situation must
bo apparent to every workor who knows
what he iB aiming nt nnd ho must mako
the masses see it, too. The mass of
workers and peasants is maturo enough
to bo allowed to know tho wholo truth.
Thc danger is great, but wo must, and
shall overcome it, and for this purpoie
wo muBt develop and solidify tho Bed
Army without halting. Wo muBt make
it ten times as strong and large as it ia.
Our forcos must grow with overy day,
and this constant growth will give tu
the guarantee, as beforo, that international Socialism will bo the viotor.
(Lenin 's speech waa greeted with tremendous enthusiasm, and a resolution
was passed embodying hia recommendations.)
; Osaste rood Board ■
I   Llwnce 8—18S8   •
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union factory.
Any honest connoisseur
of tobacco will tell you
that they are the Cigar
of Cigars.
For Sale Everywhere
If your dfilcr hun'i not tkma,
writs D. 3. ELMER, HIS Albert* 81,
Vancouver, B. o. PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT. January U, Ult
\
THE PIONEER UNION STORE
Claman's
appro
153 HASTINGS ST. W.
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Union Made
Overalls
Our Overalls are made by union labor out
of extra heavy quality denim, and will give
the best of service. Made with or without
bib in black, blue, and blue and white stripe.
Under "Our Eight Selling Plan" which does
away with all waste through bad debts,
charge accounts, etc., the prices are
Overalls
$2.25
Combination
Overalls
Plain Blue and Khaki Only
$4.50
REX THEATRE WAS
E
Pettipiece Deals With the
Great Questions of
the Day
B. C. Fruitgrowers and
the Asiatic Peril
(Continued from page 1)
against the labor with a lower and leas
costly standard of living.
"But wo are not interested in your
industries/' maintained tho professor;
"wo can take care of that ond of the
business botter in Japan. What wo
need is an opportunity to plaeo our laborera on your vacant lands—to clear
them up and got cultivation started.
Then you city dwellers and workers in
industry- will get cheaper foodstuffs."
"And lower wages!" suggestod the
writer ,and he admitted tbat would
probably bo the ultimate result.
California Allowed to Cool
From what the professor stated, tho
writer gathered that the strain caused
in California by tho influx of Japanese
would prevent any further expansion in
that direction in tbe immediate future,
and that the unsettled conditions in
Mexico, coupled with the similar standards of living of tho two peoples did
not make for progress in that country.
On the strength of tho aid given the
Allies by tho Japanese, it was expected,
however, that somo arrangement could
be made by representatives of Japan
for an extension of their emigration
programme, British Columbia being favored on account of climatic conditions
and ready access to tho homo land.
With the Japanese already recognized
as one of tho groat powers, thc writer
believes tbat thu peaco terms will contain something of importance on immigration questions bs far as that nation
is concerned.
On tho Industrial Field
The professor was glad to know that
many Lubor organizations were accepting Japanese us numbers, but his pleasure was not so great on learning that
a lower wage was not permitted, rocog-
inzing thut thiB rulo nullified any advantage his countrymen might gnin by
securing membership as except in isolated cases, tho employers, wages being
equul, would employ tho Anglo-Saxon
in preference to the Japanese Considered from any standpoint, except that
of tho Japanese, tho professor admitted
that with tho difficulties of assimilation, language and political handicaps,
it would bo better for his countrymen
to "settle thoir own probloms in their
own country and in their own way."
Grower Coming Into Hla Own
Prom what thc writer has scon of tho
fruit-growers, thoy aro not a class deserving of any sympathy. As long as
they wero able to secure a supply of
cheap labor to eompeto against the
workers of their own nationality, they
utilized thut labor and exploited it to
the fullest extent, but now that thero
is a likelihood of tho surplus value going to u Chinese or Jnpaneso employer,
quite naturally their British blood
boils. But cheer up. After the Japanese have Becurod your ranch you may
be able to beg employment at the wage
you yourself paid tho English or Canadian worker before ho enlisted for overseas, fixed by tho competition of the
Asiatic you wero so fond of in years
gone by.
Offlce Workers
The Offlce Workers held a meeting on
Tuesday evening, and it was decided
to take steps to increnso the membership. Tho oxecutivo is meeting tonight
to complote tho details. The Victoria
Office WorkerH uro ulso organizing, and
they have been in touch with the secretary of tho Vancouver local this week,
seeking information.
SUITS
-AT-
$25.00
We have a limited
number of suits at the
price which are extraordinary value.
—snop of—
"Fashion
Craft"
Thos. Foster & Co.
LIMITED
CU OBAWIZJiE STEEET
Carpentera Special Meeting
The A. S. U. B. Carponters are holding a special mooting tonight to discuss
the working clnss problems, so that tho
delegates to thn B. C. Federation of
Labor convention, and tho western conference cun be prepared with the views
of tho membership.
Tho Jewelery Workors of Seattle
havo established a minimum wago of
$6.00 per duy of oight hours.
Local No. 42 held a smoker and concert Friday, the 10th, and the nomination of officers for the insuing yoar
took place.
The instnllution takes place Friday,
thc 24th, at S p. m.
Kingsley in Victoria
E. T. Kingsley will bo thc speaker
at tho Federated Labor Pnrty meeting
in Victoria next Sundny. Lust Sunday
the Columbia was packed, and it is expected thnt tho house will bo full to
rapacity to hear tho "old man" give
his ideas on the Bolshoviki.
Shipwrights Affiliate
Tho Shipwrights of Victoria is tho
latest organization to affiliate with tho
fl. C. Foderation of Lnbor. Victoria
lias it larger per cdntage of affiliated
locnls with tlio provincial Fedoration,
(hiin any other point In the province.
What about it, Vancouverf
Vancouver Shipwrights
At tho special meeting of tho Ship-
Tights on Tuesday Inst, the action of
I (lte Metal Trades Council oxecutivo in
| laying the wnge schedule before J. J.
Coughlan & Sons was endorsed. Quite
I n number of the membors of this or*
I ganlzatlon are without employment.
V.  It.
Midgley Bottor
Midgloy, bUfllttOMt ugent and
secretary of tho locnl centrnl body, is
back on tho -Job, ho having roeovorod
from hin sicknoafl.
Workers Are the Victims of
World Wide System
of Exploitation
The spenker ot the Federntod Labor
Party meoting iu tho Rex Theatre on
Sunday evening was E. P. Pettipiece,
who took the question of "Getting together" as his topic. Tho theutrc wus
packed from end to end beforo the
meeting began, and it was noted that
not u single person left tho building
during Ihu address, whieh was of something Hke un hour's duration und wus
heartily applauded.
Birt Showier acted ua chairmnn, and
pointed to tho crowded meetings now
being held in the city as an indication
of how tho workers wero waking up.
At the Labor Templo thnt afternoon
there had been a gathering of "timber
wolves" or lumber workors; nnd,
though it was an organization meeting,
somo hundreds were present, the largest hall in tho building boing packed.
A couplo of hours had, in fact, been
spent in signing up members. Meanwhile, another big crowd hud attended
u discussion of Bolshevism in tho
O'Brien Hull.
Comrado Pettipicco begnn his talk
with a reference to the recent municipal elections, cspccinlly in Ward 3,
where tho opposing forces had gone to
remarkable pains to defeat Comrade
Trotter. "Tho way they worked on
election day," ho said, "should emphasize tho necessity of tho workors taking a leaf from thcir book." Too many
were ready to "hear tho message" nnd
let it go at that; thoro was no definito
orgnnization as tho outcome.
After attending tho afternoon talks
on Bolshevism he thought the Socialist
movement was becoming altogether too
respectable by comparison. "Tho Bolsheviki," ho snid, "has got tho living
daylight scared out of thom; thoy don't
know whoro to look or what to do."
(Laughter and loud applause.) It might
bo. however, that tho press wus directing its Attack on Russia "to keep us
from looking too closely what is going
on right hero in Canada."
Tho spoakor's allusion to tho movement for "bringing labor and capitul
together" gave further nmusementj ho
then went on to make some trenchant
remarks on "reconstruction," and declared that "tho reconstruction of cap-
itnlism is a physical impossibility."
They must be ready to meet tho new
situation that was going to be forced
upon them; it would be impossible to
continuo along the old lines. "Somo of
thoso mornings we arc going to wake
up and lind ourselves confronting by
something serious," he warned.
Tho press, ho pointed out, was urging interference in Russia "becauso
they are conducting an international
campaign;" as, power, capital was international—"knows no flag and no
country"—the Bolsheviki had a splendid example to follow. Ho did not see
why thoy should find fault with tho
Russian workman, "oven if ho has
chosen a bunch of Jews to lead him out
of the wildomess." Thero would bo a
roar go up to high heaven if they had
sent soldiers here to intorfero. Tho
speaker expressed the belief that "if
only thoy can hold on till there's anothor crop, it will take all tho powers
on top of this earth to upset them."
(Laud applause.)
As to tho preparations—including
the mounted police force—to deal with
tho rifling tide of Bolshevism in Western Canada, tho speaker remarked that,
even before getting pcuco signed, they
were proposing to impose conditions
hero "thut wo huve been fighting four
yours to break down in Europe." As to
consulting lubor und taking our industries, Canudn wns tho worst offender
of tho whole bunch. Nothing was dono
that hadn't profit in it for the ruling
class. Four or five big corporations
owned practically all tho principal resources of the province.
The speaker pointed out thut in Russia, which was 92 per cent agricultural,
capitalism had not been highly developed; henco the temptation of big
markets for our local "pirates." But
the workers hero were victims of the
world-wide system of exportation; lumber, for instanco, was producod to be
shipped away instead of being used
here. As to coal-mining, if the mines
wcro restored 'by legal enactment to
thc people, thoy could bo mado as safe
to work in as a printing office, doublo
the present wages oould be paid for a
four-hour day, und the coal would still
be sold at half its present price.
Tho worker's plight was such that- he
could nover get anywhere and didn't
oven own his job. Competition with his
fellows decided what ho should work
for; that wss now to be intensified by
the influx of returned soldiors, with
somo thousands of widows to boot —
"tho widows of tbe poor dovils they
havo butcherod over thoro."
It hnd been said that the bourgcoisio
would accept the challongo or threut of
tho workers. But if the workers simply
folded their arms tho bourgcoisio was
helpless. "They couldn't bake a loaf
of bread—thoy couldn't operate f.n engine—thoy couldn't blow a whistle tomorrow morning.''  (Laughter,)
Concluding, tho spenker commented
on the smnll number of votes cast in
recont elections the world over, ns if
tho people were absolutely disgusted
with the whole business. He waa not
quito sure if the change would come
that way after all; it might be that
a big industrial organization would ultimately deliver tho goods. They
-should, however, organize to get enough
memberH in the house to indicate what
kind of legislation they wanted, and
bnck them up with 4ndttstrlal*organization, Further, they should curry the
glorious gospel of discontent nmong the
workors, nnd "mako it that there'll be
too many of us this time, and they
won't bo ablo to siring ns up."
Numerous qestions from tho audience
wort replied to by the speaker. Asked
as to the difference between tho revolutionary socialist party and* Bolshevism, (he spoakor said it was that
-"they've got theirs in oporatlon and
we haven't." (Laughter.) "They are
Soviets a( work, nnd we're still beat-
Purchase
Millinery
At a Splendid
Saving
Noteworthy assortments are offered at
prices that will appeal strongly to those
who seek the utmost
in value, combined
with style and deserving quality.
Models for all occasions at $2.75, $4.75
and $6.75.
—First Floor
575 Granville 'Phone Sey. 3540
ing the nir." With regard to tho Sinn
Feiners, ho "liked thom becnuso of
thcir enemies,'* nnd was "always in
sympathy with n bunch of rebels." As
to tho dissension botweon workers, including soldiers, tho speaker said, "Industrially, our interests are not identical. Politically, it's possiblo for us to
got together." Onco thoy hnd the
bread-and-butter question sottled, they
could begin, to livo as human beings.
"That's as noar to the kingdom as
I'd evor come," ho udded; "us near
to Hoaven us I over want to got." Ho
believed, howover, that if tho present
spirit kept up, thero would bo a Soldiers' und Workmen's Council in this
city in three months. (Great applause.)
"When they bring in thoir mountod
police and begin thcir re-construction
we'll all got into ono camp, because
we'll havo to." (Renewed applause.)
Asked as to the Chinamen, tho speaker
said, "I wouldn't wonder if ho'11 bo
with us too."  (Laughtor.)
Dealing further with tho quostion
of "one big union," ho pointed out
that if there were 100 men for 20 jobs,
it mnde no differenco whother thoy
were all in ono union or all outside.
Tho solution wus not in an industrial
union at all, but by political action.
He had wasted more time in tho trade
union movemont, for many years past,
than any man of his acquaintance. Unions belonged to capitalism. It was always a matter of u littlo more wnges
or a little shorter hours—"all they
want is a job." Thoy should pay moro
attention to the political side.
Tho "JMnrsoillaisc" and othor revolutionary songs wero sung during the
meeting. The now "Labor Star" waa
on sale, and thero was a collection of
$77.39.
Presentation  Is  Made to
Active Member of Branch
for Services Rendered
Last Friday evening tho Amalgamated Carpenters of Victoria hold a
most successful social evening. The
largo auditorium was well filled by
tho membors and their women folk, ond
a splendid programmo was provided by
the committeo in charge. Later in tho
evening a supper wus served in the
lurgc dining hall, ond tho display of
dainties provided T>y the ladies would
indicate that tho curpenters aro blessed
with women folk who oro cupablo of
preparing comforts for the inner mnn.
During thu ovening a presentation wns
mado to A. S. Wells, who until recently
hod been a member of tbis branch, and
to Mrs. Wells, a benuiiful caso of cutlery being presented to A. 8. Wells and
a silver teapot to Mrs. Wells. By request of tho branch tho following
speech delivered by tho president in
making tho presentation is published:
President's Address
Ladies and Fellow Workors, or, hotter still, on such an occasion as this, I
am going to take the liberty of addressing you ns Brothors and Sisters.
As president of tho Victoria branch
of thu Amalgamated Society of Carponters and Joiners, I nm glad to welcome all assembled in tbis hall tonight.
Especially glad I am sure wo must all
feel to nave with us as "guests of
honor" our esteemed brother Albert
Wells and Mrs. Wolls, who came over
from Vancouver to spend the evening
with us. We havo mot together tonight
for a two-fold purpose. First to have a
social evening and a good timo together, and secondly to mako a presentation to Brother Wells for his invaluable services during the years it was
our pleasure to have him with us in
our brunch of.the society.    (Applause.)
During tho ten yenrs I have boon in
this branch—and I am glad to say
there aro quite u few of "tho old
guard" in tho room tonight who will
bear mo out in what I pay—wo have
witnessed many ups and downs during
that time; in fact moro do\vns thnn ups.
Many well-known faces havo been removed by tho hand of tho "Grim Reaper." Others have gone to now pastures to work, and so, brothers, it is up
to us to carry on tho work that they
who camo beforc us startod.
It's needless for mo to aay how much
wo miss the presence in our branch of
such an active trade unionist as
Brother Wells. His example is one wo
could all do well to copy. He is one
who times without number, has put his
job at stake in staying by hia union
principles, nnd studying his fellows
moro than himself, and I only wish
that all our members wero imbued with
such enthusiasm in tho Labor movement, and then wo would certainly bo
living under much different conditions
thnn wo were under our present system
of government.
Brother Wells is anything but tho
pro-German ho bas been branded from
time to time in tho press, and I speak
as one who knows him, and believe I
am voicing tho feelings of all his fellow-workers, whon I say ho is a man
whom wo all respect and placo our confidence in, and is ' absolutely abovo
suspicion, and that wo aro much bottor
The Humors of Victory
The roturn of Alsaco-Lorraino to
Franco is not without Ub lighter sido.
For ono thing, it would seem that tho
lot of tho working class of theso provinces is linblo to be worse under the
flag of the French Republic than under
tho rulo of tho Hun, Humanlte, the
Paris official Socialist paper, reflects:
"It must bo allowed that since 1871,
those who dominated over tho annexed
countries made conditions relating to
wages and labor, education and public
health, in many respects better than
those of the French proletariat. The
comparison is not flattering to ub, but
it is a statoment of fact."
Tho article is full of French grimaces
over tho problem raisod. "And tho
schoolmasters of Alsace-Lorraine," it
exclaims, "when they compare their
salaries with thoao of thoir French col-
lenguea.''
The iron ore of Lorraine presents nnother problem. According to tho
French-Swiss paper, Gazette do Lausanne, Gorman industrial ruin will be tho
result of their acquisition by Franco.
On no account must France export oro
to Germany, but on tho other hand,
France's allies do not require it, and
France cannot utilize it herself, but
still the article concludes: "Tho utilization of French mineral muat bo
sought in othor directions than thut of
exportation to Germany."
Tho Norddeutsche Allgemaino Zeit-
ung comments: "Tho Anglo-Saxon powers aim more or less openly nt depriving Germany of her colonies, world
trude and economic moans of life, . .
. tho best means to this end appears
to be tho loss of Alsace-Lorraine. Thoy
will control tho raw material of tho
German industry, and America will be
freed from tho dreaded German monopoly of potassium. In itself, of courso,
Alsaco-Lorraino ia a matter of Bupremo
indifference to any Englishman or
American, and it is disgusting humbug
when thoy tnlk of fighting for tho
rights of thc peoplo of Alsace-Lorraine. ''
Germanin, tho German Catholic paper,
thinks tho Alsace-Lorrainers, who nre
mostly devout Catholics, will flnd thoir
position unpleasant undor a republic,
whieh is constitutionally atheistic."
Other German' pnpors regale thcir readers with quotations from tho London
Times, Daily News nnd Daily'Chronicle, of 1871, nnd from a book of President Wilson's published in 1S94, in
which Germnn unity and patriotism is
favorably contrasted with French insolence.
The futuro historian, tho cold-blood
od aorutlniaor of our tricksters, balancing tho accouut of our words against
tho talc of our deeds, will have some
moralizing of his own to do. What
will he think of tho "no annexations,
no indemnities, self-determination for
popples-" of the Bolshovlks and the
workers of all 'countries? It is now
doomed impracticable. It would cut up
imperialisms into smaller so!f-govern-
Sug communities* But this mny bo n
condition for the attainment of their
ideals by tho workors.
off as a branch for his having spent a
few yeara amongst ub.
We are not going to forget the part
our wives have to perform in connection with our trado unions. It is
chiefly owing to thcir unselfishness that
our trade unions have reached the high
stute of efficiency they huvo today. We
alt realize that tho struggle for an existence gots moro complex evory day,
and if wo only stand fast, shoulder to
shoulder, wo (the working class) will
soon be the controlling force in the
country instead of taking a back scat.
So I will take this opportunity of
asking every lady present to see that
her bettor half attends tho union meetings regularly. It is certninly not asking very much of you ladies to part
with your botter half just for two or
threo hours ou onu night in two
weoks, to attend to that which vitally
concerns our daily bread. Wo have
with ua tonight ono who has proved
herself to bc u real co-worker with her
husband in tho causo of trade unionism
—I refer now to Mrs. Wells. (Applause.)
Sho has known what it is to be without her husband for three months and
moro ut n time, when he hns been on
tho society's business, nnd when he
waa in Victoria he was so keenly interested in organized labor thit ho was
out ut vnrious meetings almost every
night in tho week. And it is to women like Mrs. Wells that wo all owe a
deep debt of gratitude. (Hear, heart)
I will not trespass upon nny more of
your timo now, as wo have quito an
interesting programme to go through,
and I sincerely hopo you will ull enjoy yourselves nnd moke this a happy
family gathering.
In making tho presentation to
Brother Wells, tho president said as
follows: "Brother Wells, in the nnme
of the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters nnd Joiners of Victoria I present
to you this caso of cutlery us a token
of the esteem and regard in which you
are held by all of us, und to show our
sincere appreciation of your invuluablc
services to your fellow-workers und the
society of which wo uro members.
(Loud applause.)
In making tho presentation to Mrs.
Wells, he snid: " Mrs. Wella, I ask
you to nccept this prosent from thc
boys os au appreciation of your unselfish example, which lias been thc
renl key to your husband's success, nnd
the achievements ho haa accomplished
in tho- ranks of organized labor. Wo
wish you both every success in your
new field of work."
In replying to tho president, und tho
demnnd for a speech, Bro. Wells said
that ho did not know if ho could apeak,
for nny man would bo a stoic if ho was
not moved by the unexpected expression
of regard which had boen made.. He nlso
stated that anything ho hnd dono wns
not for reward, neither had it been
for altruistic reasons, but because tho
working-class movement demanded tho
services of every member of that clnss
who recognized tho position of the
workerB, He referred to the Bucriflce
paid by Karl Liebknecht for tho movement, and said that what littlo he hnd
done was as nothing as compared to
tbo sorvico which Buch mon had rendered. For himself und wifo ho thanked thc members, and stated that it wns
the duty of all workers at this time
to endeavor to understand thcir cluss
position.
The following contributed to lho programme:
Pianoforte duet, Mr. Fmdlcr nnd
Mrs. Hunt; duet (cornet nnd oupho-
niuni), Mr. Green nnd Mr. II. Green;
ventriloquist, Snilor H.M.8. Lancaster;
duct and danco, Misses R. nnd B. Hunt;
song, Mr, Witley; violin solo, Mr. A. D.
Woods; comic song, Sailor H.M.8. Lancaster; duot, Mossrs. Hill and Findlcr;
LAUNDRY WORKERS ARC
MAKING AN APPEAL
Russian Society Makes Donation to
Goofroy Defense Fund
Having about 80 members out of employment as a result of tho strike, and
having no moans wbatevor to make pro*
vision in ony way for thoae members
on account of the withdrawal of Btrike
pay at tho closo of the strike, tho Laundry Workers Union has sent a letter of
appeal to all locals, affiliating with the
central body.
As a result of this appeal, the following donations have been received:
B, C. Coast Stewards Union $ 25.00
United Bro. of Carpenters     25.00
Firemen & Oilers Union of B. C. 100.00
Machinists' Union, 777.  100,00
$250.00
Tho Russian* Society of Vancouver,
at a recent social took up a collection
in nid of tho Goofroy uppeal fund, and
realized $24, which amount has been
placed to tho credit of tho fund.
Tho money so fnr rocoivod ($250)),
hns enabled tho organization to pay 60
members $5 each. Tho most needy
casos were taken first, and tho remaining members will be tnken cure of just
as soon as tho funds will permit it.
Tho Laundry Workers dosire to
thank thoso who havo donutod.
Blacksmiths and Helpers
Tho conditions of this trado today
uro not all that could be wished for,
but if the membership would take the
necessary interest in the meetings, progress would bo moro rapid.
A very interesting and lively meoting wns held lust Saturday at 2:30 in
order to discuss tho Coughlan situation
also the failure of the employers to
pay the last award under the Robert*
son agreement.
A striko voto will also bo taken at
this meeting.
The membership is now in tho neighborhood of 225, two membors being in-
itiuted at the Inst meeting.
Seattle Teamsters Busy
At tho last regular meeting of tho
Tenmsters in Seattle, it was decided to
purchaso three automobiles for the uso
of Iheir (ifiicers. Thia iB one of tho
reasons the Teamsters nro so strong today, through running thoir union on
business-like lines nnd giving their officers tho samo treatment thut they aro
working for.
Teamsters and Truck Drivers Sick
Benefit Association
Tho first annual meeting of tho above
association will be held in tho Labor
Tomplo on Wcdnosday, January 20,' at
S p. in. All members should uttoml, as
tho election of offlcors will bo held, nnd
othor important business will como up.
Teamsters to Meet
Tho joint Teamsters council, representing tho Teamsters from Portland
and other points in tho south, to Vnncouvor in tho north, is fo moot this
week-end in Vancouver.
Returned Men Idle
It ia reported taht thoro aro closo to
700 returned soldiers in tho city out of
employment. With the many men that
will como bnck in tho next fow days,
this total will bc greatly enlarged.
presentation; refreshments; cornet solo,
Mr. 11. Green; song and dance, Miss
Dooley; elocutionist, Mrs. Grcenslode;
song, Mr. Menclnws; duet, Messrs,
Starkcv and Helton; song, Kiss B.
Hunt.
The Largest Men's Store in the West—A Union Store
Workingmen
Don't Pass Up These Specials
In Boots for Workers
—You'll pay more money elsewhere for boots not nearly as good
as these.
—These boots are honest leather—selected quality—special
tanning—built to stand out-of-door conditions and hard usage.
They are backed up by our guarantee—"Your Money's Worth or
Your Money Back."
HIGH BOOTS
—in* Blaek Ui-us Calf or Brown Army Grain
Leather.
--Uppers arc extra stout yet very pliable-
soles are extra heavy.
Top «p8.00 Top $7.00
WORK BOOTS
—Ordinary height—in Black Urus Calf or
Brown Oil Grain.
—Stitchings of uppers is reinforced.
—Soles arc double—a boot that will give
satisfaction under any conditions.
MAIL ORDERS
The Specials noted in this advertisement will be sent postpaid
to any address in B. C. on receipt
of price. Give size and width.
We solicit out-of-town trade on all
lines of Men's Shoes. Tell us what
you want—what you want to pay—
we'll do the rest to your satisfaction.
Our "Money Baok" guarantee applies
to Mail Orders
$6.00
33 - 45 - 47-49, Hastings St. East.

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