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The British Columbia Federationist Sep 13, 1918

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Array THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTBUL UNITY: BTBENGTH
TENTH YEAR.   No. 37
EIGHT PAGES
OFFICIAL PAPER: VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUN .IL, AND B. C. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
• '  VANCOUVER, B. G, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 13,1918
POLITICAL UNITY:  TIOTOBY
(In Viiicoavw\
Olty, 12.00 )
$1.50 PER YEAB
Nanaimo Miifirs Meet
«««**««
******
*«**
******
Death on Tuesdfjy Morning
11 have been called by death while
^^ following their dangerous occupation. This province has had more
disasters in connection with the mining industry in comparison with the
number of men employed than in any
other part of the world. The scene of
the tragedy this time was Nanaimo,
Vancouvor Island.
At 7.30 on Tuesday morning tho
Cable by which the cage in Protection
Shaft of No. 17 Mine is operatod
broke, and as a result 10 miners lost
thoir livos. Tho entire labor movoment
of the provinco will sympathize with
tho Borrowing relatives of the do-
vensed mon.
The completo list of the victiniB ia
as follows:
Joseph Turner, leaves wife and ono
child two yoars old; native of Lancashire, England, aged 28; eame to Nanaimo in May last:
Joseph Bond, aged 36, loaves wifo
and two children; native of Bristol,
England; came to Nanaimo from Sydnoy Mines threo months ago.
William Blenkhorne, aged 28, native
of Lancashire, England; leaves wife
and three children, rosiding at Nanaimo,
W. Maisuradse, a nativo of Bussia,
aged 29; leaves wifo in Bussia; resided
in Nanaimo three yoars.
Bobert Kelly, aged 48, native of
Cumberland, England; leaves four sons,
one daughter, and wife; came here from
Arizona four yoars ago.
John Rollo, nged 50, native of Tyne-
mouth, England; leaves wifo and one
daughter, Mrs. Peter Maekay, in Vancouvor.
AuguBta Eussa, agod 33, nativo of
Italy 1 Binglo. .
M. Eussa, nged 45, leaves wife and
four children in Italy.
Robert MeArthur, aged 65, native of
Lanark, Scotlund; leaves wife and
sovon children.
David Eddy, aged 45, nativo of
Whitehaven, Cumberland, England;
single; resident of Nanaimo for eleven
yoars,
Joseph Bonak, aged 48, leaves wife
and four children; native of Italy.
Lionel Barlow, aged 20, native of
Cheshire, England; leaves wifo and
child; resident of Nanaimo one year.
Joseph Sturma, native of Italy, nged
48; loaves a wife and one child.
Caleb Price, nativo of England, aged
55; widowor; leaves threo sons, all
overseas; a resident for eight years.
Angelo Sedola, nativo of Italy, aged
36; loaves wife and two children, residing* nt Nanaimo.
John ..Kornokan, aged 30, native of
Bolfast, Ireland; leaves wife aud three
children residing at Nanaimo.
Tho cnblo parted without the slightest warning, and the minors wero hurled to their doom, while thoir mates at
the head of the shaft waited stricken
with horror, to hear the fate of thoir
fellow workers. It was late on Tuesday afternoon beforo tho lust of the
shapeless remains of the victims were
removed. Only by the clothing and.
tho identification discs wore the bodies
recognizable.
The inquest was opened on Thursday morning in the provincial courthouse beforo Coroner 11. Hickling, thc
following jury having been empanelled:
Messrs. M. C, Ironside (foreman), J.
F. Doyle, J. Fox, W. Quinn, J. Grey,
M. Mottishaw und G. Merrifield.
Tho governmont was represented by
Mr. A. M. Johnson, deputy attorney-
general, who assisted Chief Inspector
of Minos George Wilkinson in the task
of examining the witnesses, while tho
progress of events was watched on behalf of the Canadian Western Fuel
Company by Mr. E. M. Yarwood, solicitor for the company.
Mr. John Hunt, manager of the
company's mines, and Mr. H. B. Gil-
niour of thu Workmen's Compansation
•'.Hoard, were also present.
From the evidence of D. Brown Ovor-
man at the protection shaft, it would
appear that once again have men lost
their livos because of tho lock of enforcement of regulations relative to tho
safety in tho mines.
In reply to Mr. Johnson, this witness snid that his conception of his
duty under rule No. 36 of the regulations wus to see thnt other men performed the duties assigned to them, lie
admitted that Nicholson, the man do-
tailed to inspect tho rop-e, had only
been at this work for nine days, and
that he himself had nover watched
Nicholson making his examination, but
had boen eontont to roly upon his reports as ontorod in tho book.
In practice lie udmitted that he had
never curried out Rule 2(1, which provided that the overman should examine tho shaft ropes, cage, etc., personal-
Telephone Girls
The Tolophone Girls aro to hold a
dance on tho 20th inst. in tho Labor
Temple. Tickets for gents will be 50
cents, ladies froe. AH members of organized labor aru invited to attend und
to bring their friends.
Where Was He?
If J. C. Walters was in Vancouver
during his visit to thc coast ho took
great caro thut no one saw him. Possibly ho whs hiding his light under n
bushel.
LETTER CARRIERS AND
POSTAL CLERKS TOGETHER
Western Branches of the Service Have
Decided to Amalgamate
Their Forces
One good result from the recent strike
of the Letter Carriers is the amalgamation of tho Letter Carriers and tho Postal Clorks in tho weBt. The carriers
nnd tho clorks in ull cities in the west,
including Winnipeg, and excepting Edmonton, will form an organization of
Letter Carrier and Potal Clerks. It
was very evident at the timo of the
striko that something like this would
occur. For a spirit of get together was
evinced by tho members of tho two
branches of the postal service at that
time. That cveutminlly this movement
will spread all over tho country is certain, tho two branches uro engaged in
similar work under thc same department, and it is o natural sequence of
events for them to amalgamate.
V
NCE again miners of the province-fly eve ,H eek, though he had from time
madel1.'/J-ieful personal inspection of
the h('T- -jj* ;ear, he had travelled down
the sh T3^u the top of the cage on
one od;.**,# <a about 18 months ago and
hud thC'it' discovered a fault in one of
the girders, which had been immediately rectified. He believed that this was
tho laBt occasion on which any work
had been dono on the guides. No effort,
as far as he knew, had over been made
to test the working of the safety devices save whon tho cage wub at rest
ftt either the top or bottom of tho
shaft.
He admitted that such a test could
possibly bc mode, though he had never
soon any such lost made. Ho had
worked as a miner for nine years and
was for several years a miner in England, but had never previously to coming to Nanaimo, worked in a shaft with
wooden guides. In all his three years
of service as overman, the dogs of the
safety clutches had nover been taken
off, as far as he knew.
Menzius, the company's rope expert,
had always tested the rope once a
woek by allowing it to run through his
hands, but as far as witness knew no
other test of the rope was ever made
save that afforded by hauling 320 cars
to the service each week, or at the
rate of about 50 cars a day thiB would
be slightly in excess of the load in a
cage loaded with men, but would not
amount to a very great test.
PoBsibly now that men have lost
their lives something will be done to
protect tho men in the mineB. Vancouver Island has been the sceue of many
tragedies in the mining industry. In
overy case they have beon duo to neglect. Tho minors xat Fernie at this
timo are on striko for better protection, and possibly this case muy have
a bearing on theirs, but nothing that
can now be dono will restore to the
sorrowing relatives thoir lost ones.
Somebody should be made to pay the
penalty if neglect has caused the death
of these men.
Steam Engineers, Local 620
Af the business meeting of the above
local, on Monday last, Bro. Walter
Head wus elected to the position of
organizer and official representative of
Local 620. His dutieB will be chiefly to
look after the interest of members who
are working in places outside the city,
that Business Agent W. A. Alexander
has not time to attend to. Bro. Walter
Head is well-known in the organized
Labor movement, and is at present hoi-
ding tho position of vice-president of
tho B. C. Federation of Labor for Vancouver Island, and is well-known to
members of organized labor in that
district.
It is tho intontion of Bros. Head
and Alexander to get thoir two heads
together aud try to have this provinco
100 por cent, orgunized, thcrofore all
membera should co-oporate with them
in this effort. Sixteen nuw members
were accepted at tha. last meeting* ,A
donation of $100 wus made to thc
Laundry Workers Union, in order to assist them in thoir fight for recognition,
us the only way they can expect to get
decent working conditions under this
present system of competition, is by be-
coming pari of thc organized labor
movement. A resolution to tho effect
that members of Local 020 considor it
detrimental to the orgunized Labor
movement for any member of same to
remain working in any laundry where
thero is uny trouble, and condemning
thc action of any momber doing same.
Curried unanimously.
Long Hours and Poor Wages Compels
Employees to Organize
Provincial government employees
serving as nurses and attendants at
tho provincial mental hospital in this
city and at Essondale have orgunized
with a membership of sixty, twenty
women and forty men They havo sent
for a charter and will completo organization noxt Saturday night. They will
aak the government for shorter hours
of work und more pay.
From one of the members of the
newly formed union we learn that the
wages for married or single mun ranges
from $03 pur month at the sturt, with
a yoarly raise of onu dollar until $70
is reached. Amongst tho members there
is eight returned soldiers. The men
want one day off per weok, whoie they
now only gut one duy off in nine. The
female employees only get one day off
in to weeks. They work fifteen hours
per day for the magnificent sum of
$29 per month. Dr. Crease, ihu assistant superintendent, has requested the
workers lo drop thu idea of forming
an organization, but they huve decided
to go ou with it.
New Westminster
The Civic Employees Association will
apply for a conciliation bourd. Although no official announcement has
been made, it is understood thut this
decision wus finally and definitely arrived at last Monday night. Probably
the city council will bu notified to this
effect ut its next meeting. The decision
to apply for a board wus forecasted by
tho president of the association at a
council meeting last weok. lu the
middle of August the association submitted to the city council a new schedule, based on a minimum wage of $3,75.
This wus submitted to men's representatives last Friday, with tbe result
stated.
Thi
Office Workers
Office   Workers  are continuing
thoir efforts to organize tho workers in
this lino of business. On Tuesday evening they held another moeting, at which
A. S. Wells of the B. C. Federation of
Labor and A. Watchman, general organizer of the C. B. Carpenters, spoke
on the need for organization. Several
new members were mado and the
growth of the organization is steady.
At the Orpheum
The show at thc Orpheum this week
is exceptionally good. The first net, an
acrobatic feature, is very clever. Wilbur Muck is a very clever torn] Albert
Vertchump, a violinist, is exceptionally good, and lovers of music will have
a treat when they hear him. Julius
Tannen is onc of the most humorous
turns over seen in vaudeville. Tnken
ull round, the show is an exceptionally
good one.
A Suggestion: Meantime the Workers Fight
Dominion Express Co.
******
******
******
******
Employees Want Recognition
DOMINION ExpresB employees qaitferease as is the desiro of the govern-
work on  Tuesday,  and  may  be  *
followed1 by many railway em*
ployees throughout the Dominion unless the governmont grants the application of the employees for a board of
conciliation and settles the question at
issue.
Employees through their committee
and offlcors of tho Canadian Brotherhood of Railroad Employeea, to which
they belong, have dono everything in
their power to avoid a striko. The Canadian Brotherhood is one of the very
few railway organizations in Canada
that has not talked Btrike for the past
threo years.
Officers and memberB have gone
about their business in a quiet way;
did their utmost to smooth over diffi-
cnlties and pour oil on troublo waters
in order to avoid strikes. Tho strength
of the organization has Bteadily increased and is today the strongest (numerically) railway organization in Canada.
Officers of the Brotherhood express
their deopest regret that thoy were
forced to take drastic action at such a
critical time, but feel that the responsibility must rest with tho company and
the government, neithor of whom will
lend their assistance to bring about a
settlement of the dispute.
The following lotter addressed to tho
prime minister, Sir B. Borden, and
signed by the grand president of the
Brotherhood, A. R. Mosher, speaks for
itself:
September 2, 1918.
Bight Hon. Sir R. L. Borden,
Prime Minister,
Ottawa, Canada.
Dear Sir Robert:
My only excuBe for again troubling
you iB my earnest deBire to co-operate
with the peoplo and the government to
avoid strikos during th. war. I can not
bring myself to tho point of approving
of a strike among any of our members
without first having appealed to the
highest authority in Canada to use such
influence or exercise such power as may
be necessary to bring about a settlement of any disputo.
The members of our organization are
today faco to face with two very seri
ment.
If tho organization which has signed
a schedule with the company was an
organization of the employees by the
employees for tho employees, I could
readily understand, it would be a very
delicate matter for the minister of Labor to deal with the mattor in dispute
between two bona fide organizations,
but in view of the fact that it is an or:
ganization of officials of tho company,
by tho officials of the company for the
purpose it is now being used, that of
combating bona fide Labor organization
among their employees, I cannot see
Htfiy there should bc any hesitation in
establishing a board to investigate.
Our mombers employed by the Dominion Express Company to tbe number
of at least 1000 havo definitely and
unanimously decided to strike on September 10, if a settlement is not forthcoming or a board established.
Tho second caso, that of the Canadian
Pacific Railway Company and their dining car employoes. Immediately the
eompany learned that these employees
were organizing, they began dismissing
them, and replacing them with negroes
brought over from the United States.
The board was applied for and established. While this board was in session
the company ceased dismissing theee
employees for the time being, but shortly aftor tho board completed its labors,
the company again began dismissing
white men, replacing them with negroes.
The majority report of the board,
while not satisfied that these employees
were dismissed because of their membership in the Brotherhood, clearly
showed that the Canadian Pacific Oompany, and in fact, company officials admitted before the board that it was
tho policy of the company to discourage
organization among thoir employees.
Thc minority report is, that employees
were dismissed because of their connection with the Brotherhood and recommends that those dismissed should be
reinstated forthwith.
The Brotherhood contends that
whether it is because of their membership in tho organization or not, it is
Laundry Workers On Strike
******      ******      ******        ******      ******      ******
For Recognition apd Minimum Wage
Employers Still Refuse to Negotiate Wage Scale But Want to Leave It
to Minimum Wage Board—Laundries Are in the Meantime Closed Down
Tight^-J. D. McNiven and Attorney-General Farris Are Trying to Break
the   Deadlock,  But  So  Far  There Are No Signs of a Settlement
FOLLOWING a meeting held Suuday aftcrnu.ifi'tiifl Laundry Workers of the city did not Start work
on Monday morning, the reason being the refusal of tho laundry proprietors to meet a com
mittee to discuss the wage scale sent by the union to the various owners a woek previously. In i
very short time the Pioneer, Star, Canadian and L X. L. laundries were closed with a strong guard
of pickets around each.   The Cascade and Excelsior continued to operate, but under difficulties.
On Tuesday a lettergram was sent to the Minister of Labor at Ottawa, drawing bis attention to
the strike, and asking for an investigation.   So far no reply has been received.
Meantime picketing went on assiduously and a number of workers from the Cascade Laundry were
present at tbe next meeting and joined up.   Mr. J. D. McNiven, Deputy Minister of Labor, arrived ami
met with the laundry owners, trying to induce them to negotiate with tlie representatives of the union,
but was unsuccessful in his efforts to bring about u settlement.
On Wednesday morning the Cascadetto tell what hus been stated and tin
ous disputes. Unless the government j rank discrimination to dismiss em-
takes immediate action to .bring about | ployees, many of whom are returned
a settlement, there is no possibility of i soldiers on the plea of releasing them
avoiding a Btrike, which may have far-
roaching effects. I am quite certain
every member of our organization in
Canada (except where agreements are
in effect, that no strikes shall be permitted during the war), regardless of
by whom employed, will lay down their
tools, if necessary, to protect their fellow workerB,
Luuudry wus closed, being unable to
operate, owing to the good picketing,
ulso to the fact thut the engineers and
firemen being members of tho Engineers Union, preferred not to work
while the trouble wus on, and tho
difficulties of getting up steam bucanio
too much for Engineer Crowo from thu
Pioneer Laundry, and relative of the
Federal member for Burrard.
On Wednesday morning Mr. J. D.
McNiven interviewed the laundry proprietors, but again without being able
to induce thom to receive a committee
of the union to discuss thc wage scalo.
Tho employers, however, were willing
to submit the scale and agreement to
the Minimum Wage Board as a bourd
of arbitration.
This proposal was submitted to thu
union at thc regular meeting on Wednesday evening when a resolution was
passed us follows:
"Resolved we do not voto on thc
matter of a bourd or no board of arbitration, not considering that it is necessary, us wo are still willing to negotiate with the employers, who by tlieir
attitude in rofuBlng to meal- a committee of this union to discuss the provisions of tho wage scale presented to
them, uro prolonging the present condition."
Uu Thursday morning Mr. J. D. McNiven was able to arrange for a meeting between representatives of the
union uud representatives of the
Laundry proprietors, with the Hon, thc
Attorney*Goneral, Mr. J, W, do B. Farris, and Mr. J, D. McNiven being present. The committees met and nftor
two hours discussion were unable to
arrive at uny conclusion. The proprietors refused positively to discuss tho
clause of thu wagu scale and only consented to refer tho matter to the Minimum Wage Board. The union committee promised to take the matter
back to the   union.
Meantime the deudlock continues,
and approximately 300 union men and
girls are out on picket duty and endeavoring to arrive at a solution of the
present condition.
With a view to combatting tho false
statements made to the press by representatives of the vurious laundries, a
statement was prepared in thc form of
a letter for publication as follows:
"September 11, 1018.
"To the Editor of the Daily Province,
"Vancouver, B.  C.
"Dear Sir,—My attention hus boon
called to un article appearing in the
columns of your paper ou tin. 10th inst.
under thu heading of 'Laundry Owners
Issue Statoment,? and I wish to correct
some statements mado in same. An impression scorns to have arisen as a result of the article referred to that the
employees now out on strike had stat«d
that the general wage for laundry operators was $8.50 per weok. This is not
«n and it muy clear up any misapprehension that exists in the public mind
truo facts of the mattor,
"I am in a position to prove that the
wages paid to tho women and girls
working in laundries start from ns low
as $7.26 per week, and that includes
a ton per cent, raiso granted sinco tlie
formation of our union.
"The article roforrod tu beforo also
stated that although employees only
worked 4.2 or 45 hours per week, thoy
wero paid for 48 hours! This I would
liko to make clear is only on condition thut they work a full weok if hired
by the week on straight time, and is
balanced up by no overtime boing paid
if they work longer than the 48 hours.
"The timo uud a hnlf payment of
i overtime is only uf late installation,
so also is tho oight-hour day, all given
since the formation of our union with
CIRCULATION STILL GROWS
Thc circulation of The Foderationist
still continues to grow. The latost organizations to subscribe iu it body are
the Shipwright and Caulkers of Now
Westminster,    the    Motor     Mechanics
'thu intention of crushing same,
"Tho manager asked me personally
how wu wero going to got the work
out iu an.eight-hour dny, and I replied
'by gutting moro bclp.J
"With rogard to the deputation from
the Cascade Laundry to the Province
office with tho statement signed by 50
employoes, stating that they were satis-
fled with existing conditions, I muy
say that they have only the striking
employees to thank for those conditions, and they will bu as BpOcdily
taken away if tho unions were crushed,
just as speedily as they wero given
with tho intention of preventing the
formation of a union,
"With regnrd to the statement of
employees receiving $111 por week, there
is only one to my knowledge lias reach
ed thut amount, ami that only occasionally, but at what a pl'i
for more important war work, and replacing them with colored men or any
othor able-bodied men brought here
from tho United States—men more
capable to do the more important war
work than those dismissed.
Wc ask that the company be restrained from further dismissals, and that
thoso dismissed be put back to  V;tifi.
iking piece j to
work, working to tho exhaustion point to
So much that it could not be kept  up  ister of Lnbor, und huve pointed out to
without disastrous results. j him, thnt if the precedent Is established
The two disputes referred to are be-; Be it understood, that we have no ob-
t ween the Dominion Express Company [ jections to colored men being employ-
and certain of their employees, and be- *ed, but we do obpect to regular em-
tween the Canadian Pacific Railway ployees boing dismissed to make room
Company and their employees in the j for thoso colored men or any one elBe.
dining car service. I will deal with the' You will appreciate the fact that the
Dominion Express Compnny first. ' Canadian    Pacific   Railway   Company
The employees of the Canadian and and the Dominion Express Company
the Canadian Northern Express Com- nre very much the same poople. There
panics, orgnnized moro than a yenr ago,] is no doubt i" the minds of our mem-
and have signed schedules with the hers that these Companies will do their
company. Severnl months ago, em- utmost in opposition to our Brother-
ployees of the Dominion Express Com-  hood.
pany joined us. Immediately when ofli- I would respectfully urge thnt you
einls of the compnny learned Ihnf their obtain from the department of Lnbor,
omployces wore joining our organize- nnd carefully rend the report just hon-
tion, Ihey called to Toronto u fow of died down by the board established in
thoir employees from vnrious points for connection with tin1 disputo between
the [Hirpu.se of organizing n union of fhe Canadian Northorn Express Com-
ni. While there, these Pew em- pany and its employoes. members of our
ployees, without consulting any othors, Brotherhood. The sentiment ns expros-
uud without tho knowledge or consent i sed in that report is the sentiment of
of a vast majority of thc employees in-, the Canadian Brotherhood of Railroad
volved, drew up n schedule, and it was Employeos, and my own personal scnti-
sig.ed by litem und officials of the com-ment regarding strikes. If the Cnna-
jany. In the meantime, a lnrge major- dian Pacific Railway und Dominion
ty of the employees between Port Ar- Express Companies cannot be brought
thur.and Sydnoy, and in the city of to u realization of thc fact that their
Vancouver, joined our Brotherhood, employees have rights which even such
and drafted a proposed schedule. This llnaicially powerful corporations na they
schedule wns submitted to the company must not interfere with, nnd if the
ivith the requosl for an interview to government declines to exercise itB
llscuss nny portion theroof that might power to appoint independent tribunals
\>v changed with ii.uut.il satisfaction, to investigate and otherwise do all in
The eompany refused to meet u com- its power to bring about o satisfactory
mittee of the omployoes, A strike vote adjustment of disputes between the om*
taken, and un application mude to ployer and tho employees, it ennnot be
|i|)iirtment of Labor for it bonrd of j wondered at, if employees used the only
Illation, Tlio company opposed the ' weapon left them nnd lay down tlieir
granting of a bonrd on the grounds that tools,
thoy already have a schedule with an, I am sorry lo trouble you with such
rgiiiiizution governing lliese cm-1 a long letter, but wish to lay the facts
ployees. The minister of Labor accepts before you us clearly as possible, and
■ company's statement .und declines trust yuu will consider the reasons
establish the board. 1 hnve written given in the firs! paragraph sufficient to
and personally interviewed the miti-   warrant  mu  iu  taking of so  much  of
your lime
"In conclusion, to clour up nny contusion that may still exist, I may state
that we are striking for u minimum
wage of $12 for a  H-hour week.
'Up lo the present time the employ-
lodge of the Machinists, loeal 720, and   W has refused to negotiate
the Pattern Mnkers of Vancouver,
spno
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
MONDAY, Sept. 1G—Boilermakers, Steam Engineers, Eloctrical Workers, Machinists 777
(10.30 a.m.). Tnilors Executive) Machinists No, 720, Policemen.
TUESDAY, Sept. 17—Bookbinders, Brewery Workers, Machinists Ladies Auxiliary,
Butchers und Moat Cutters,
Ruilway Firemen,
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 18—Dominion Express Employees,
Boilermakers E x a m i n i ii g
Bonrd, Laundry Workers, Hotel und Restaurant Employees,
Metal Trades Council.
THURSDAY, Sopt. ID—Trades
aud Lubor Council, Maintenance of Waymon, City Hall
Staff,
FRIDAY, Sopt, BO—Telephone
Operntors Dunce, Granite Cutters, Railway Carmen, Pile
Drivers und Wooden Bridge-
men,  Bel lor makers  Executive,
Civic      EmployoOB,       Molders,
Warehousemen,
SATURDAY, Sept, 31—Machinists Ladies Auxiliary Whist
Drive ami Dance, Blnck
smiths.
Thanking yuu for u little
your columns ut your earliest convenience, 1 am,
"Yours tr.tly,
"(MRS.) K. 0, CAMPBELL,
"Yin-President,
"Laundry Workers  Union."
On Wednesday afternoon a loiter
was sent to the Federnl member for
Burrard, who is nlso the owner of tho
greatest number of shares iu tin- luuudry trust, . together with Alderman
Kirk, whose opposition to the lubor
moement of the city is well known.
The  letter is us followst
"September  10, 1018.
"Mr. Snndfon! J. Crowe, M. P.,
•Ill  Seymour Street,
City.
"Dear Sir,—In your cupucity of
Federal member we. would drnw your
attention to thc recent order-hi-eouneil.
passed by tho Dominion government
and would draw your attention particularly to Section 2 nf such order in-
council. No doubt ns u member of the
government you arc in accord with
the sentiments expressed in the order-
in-eouueil, and would therefore enquire
why us the shareholder of the Cascade
Laundry holding Ihe largest number 'if
shares in same, you, through your
malinger refuse to receive a committee
for lho purposo of discussing the vnri
mis grievances wc wish redressed nnd
to take up the mntter of the wnge scnle
presented by this union.
"Should you nt nny time wish to
moot tt committee from this union, we
will arrango to have such committee
meet you ut time und place specified by
you.
"Trusting that you will endeuvor to
nssist us in arriving   ut   un   amicable
(Continued on Page 8)
that uu employer muy create an organ
Station   for   their   employees,  coerce   oj
intimidate certain numbers of their ent
ployees to subscribe to their orgniiiza
tion, und thereby ovado the fiidiislriu
Disputes Act, industrinl strife is going  and thut
to be on the Increase instoad of the de* [every day
Yours very truly,
Al R. MOSHEH.
Ottown,     Sherbrooke,    North     Bay,
Halifax, St. John, Toronto.  Montreal
and  Vancouver report ul] men ure out
und   a  general   tie-up   in   these   plnces,
Hubert- arc being made
Structural Ironworkers
At.   u   well attended   nieeting
if   the
Structural   Iron workers,   Local
Monday, the recommendations of the
Northwest em District Council were
voted oti. Amongst them wus the proposnl for the new wage scule which is
to become effective on November I. \
The scnle wus unanimously endorsed, i
One new member wus initiated.
Civic Employees
The t'ivie Employ COS are still making
new members. Eighteen joined at tho
laBt moeting. And include the cemetery employeos. A new wage scale is
being drawn up by this organizntion.
Hotel and Restaurant Employees
The Hotel and Restaurant Employees
held a good meeting on Wednesdny
evening. Ton new members were admitted, und ten applications were received. A dunce will be held in thc
Dominion hull on Oct. 2. The Pioneer,
McLeod'a und Mclntyro's cafes nre
still on tho unfnir list."
Laundry Workers to Start Laundry
A proposition to purchase the Star
Laundry is being seriously considered
by the Laundry Workers executive, und
wo understand that a proposal to open
negotiations with Mr. Morrow will
shortly be brought beforo the union
und the Trades and Labor Council with
the object of starting a union laundry,
It is understood that the Firemen
will tnke ,i[i with Commissioner Gilles-
pie on his return the question o establishing the two-platoon system. At present the firemen aro on duty 24 hours
per dny, with one day off in five, nnd
it is understood thnt should the c.omtnis
sioncr not see (il to grunt their request,
the firemen will nsk for one dny off
four.
Th.
Whist Drive and Dance
Ladies  Auxiliary  of the
Comrades of the Great Wur are holding a
whist drive and dance in the O'Brien
hnll thiB evening ut 8:;i0 p.m. Dancing
at 9:30.
EMPLOYERS REFUSE
TO ACCEPT FINDINGS
Metal   Trades   Council   Votes   $50.00
Towards the Naylor-Aitken
Defense Fund
The Metal Trndes Council ut the Regular meeting on Wednesdny evening,
voted $50 towards the Naylor and Aitken defense fund.
The Vancouver Engineering Works
was takou off thu unfair list.
Tho Moulders reported that they were
putting in for the snme wuge scule as
was iu effect In Seattle. It was reported that the employers bttd refused
to accopl the findings of Wage Adjuster Maedonald ns to rules of pay for
night work, and that business ngents
hnd been refused admission to the
yards, and that the ciecutivo was appealing to Ottawa.
Patronize B. C. Federationist advertisers and  toll them  why you  do so. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT...
..September 13, 1918
Some men swear
at their overalls
But those who have once worn
TWIN BUTE Overalls swear bjr them
THE reason? The reason why Twin Bute
Overalls and Work Shirts are preferred
by men who know, consists of their honest
workmanship, in the strength of the cloth and
the perfection that marks every detail of their
construction.
TAKE the Engineers Bib Overall for
instance. Here is a garment which is
remarkably good in many ways. It lives
up to the reputation which Twin Butes
have won.
SEAMS are double-stitched, buttons are
rivetted on. They can't come off. Suspenders are crossed, easy fitting, equipped
with simple, quick-fastening, easily-detachable
hooks. There is ample seat room, plenty of
pockets, and the cloth is blue denim, strong,
long-wearing, hard, to tear, impossible to rip.
YOU could pay more for overalls if you
have a mind to, but you could not get
better value than you get when you buy
TWIN BUTE Union Made Overalls and
Shirts.
Ask Your Dealer or Ask Us For Them
JAS. THOMSON & SON,
VANCOUVER
LTD.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
MEN'S PURE WOOL
UNDERWEAR
-/FIFTY DOZEN STANFIELD'S NATURAL WOOL
UNDERWEAR to SELL SATURDAY,
PER GARMENT	
COMBINATIONS,
AT  :..._ -	
$2.45
$4.95
ARNOLD & QUIGLEY
"The Store That'i Alwayi Buiy"
646 —ORANVILLE   STREET-646
:Y
A Word of Advice-
If there ia anything wrong with your teeth, now is the time to
attend to tho matter.
Tho colder weather and season of fog and rain, which aro
coming, will find out the least weakness and develop it to an acute
stage very rapidly.
Save yourself pain and trouble by having your teeth examined
now and attention givon any defects.
I will examine your teeth at your convenience and give you
export advice us to their conditiop.
X-Bay Uni Uken If neeei-
ssxfe   ten-year   idinntno
ftTM.
PHOME SBT. 8381
Bxunlnitloni  made  oa
phont appointment!.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Drown and Bridge Ipwlillit
602 Hutinfi Street Weet, Oor. Beymour
Offlce open Tuesday and Friday. Evenings until 8 o 'Clock
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
SLATER'S
QUALITY     SERVICE
FREE DELIVERY
GROCERIES
Maplo Leaf Poaches, tin.. 20c
Quality Pears, largo size.. 25c
Fresh   Herring,   extra   large
sizo   15c
Pork and Beans;  8
 ! 26c
Black 'a
lor ..
Clark's   Tomato  Soup,  three
for  380
White Spring Salmon 150
Red Spring Salmon 20c
Worcestershire   Sauce,   three
for  26c
B. 0. Catsup, per bottle.... 26c
B. C. Chow Chow, bottle.
Fancy   Waffle   Tablo
for .
Syrup,
.... 46c
EXTRA SPECIAL
Laundry Soap—Same quality as Royal Crown Soap.
Special, 6 bars for 26c
B. C. Naptha, 5 for 26c
P. Q. White Naptha, 2 for 15c
Fancy Creamery Butter —
Packed in sanitary tins.
Special, per tin 46c and 65c
THREE BIG STORES
123 Hastings Street East, Phone Seymour 3262
830 Granville Street, Phone Seymour 866
3260 Main Street, Phone Fairmont 1683
Government of Queensland
Frustrates Efforts of
Sugar Trusts
[By W. Francis Ahern]
The efforts -of the sugar trust in Australia to exploit the people of Australia
during the firBt year of the war was
responsible for the Queensland government carrying out ono of the most
statesmanlike acts in Australia. That
was the controlling of the sugar industry. At the time oversea prices were
rising, aud large shipments of sugar
were leaving Australia, and creating a
shortage in the home markets, promising a heavy rise in the price in tho
near future. Had the government not
stepped in, the sugar trust would have
made a colossal fortune and the people would have had to pay outrageous
prices for a product grown under their
very noses.
So it was that tho federal government of Australia, and tho state gov
ernment of Queensland entered upon a
bold policy of nationalization. Fortunately at the timo Labor was also in
power in thc federal parliament. Yet
so marked was tho skill with which tho
details wore workod out and the me
thods applied, that the wholo business
of treating and distributing sugar passed into the hands of tho people's representatives so smoothly that the
wheels of tho industry Buffered no
check, neither growers, millers, refiners,
merchants, shopkeepers nor household*
ers suffered evon an hour's inconveni
ence. Tho government took over and
began working the machinery of pri
vato enterprise, turning the owners into
agents for tho Commonwealth, at a fair
rato of remuneration, and acquiring all
the raw sugar in the country undor
special act of tho Queensland parliament.
For years past sugar growing ha*
been a highly protected industry in
Australia. The prices wero at least
$30 per ton abovo the world's parity
for refined sugar. This extra price was
paid by the consumers of Australia in
order to keep the industry alive. It
was cheerfully borne because it was
the prico paid to maintain tho white
Australia policy—the purity of tho race
standing as a consideration far outsido
thc limits of any financial consideration. But for tho white Australian
policy—tho stipulation that black labor
could not be employed on the cano*-
fields, and for which the bounty of $30
per ton was paid—the growers could
have sold black-produced sugar in Australia at a prico in keeping with the
world's parity, while Australia would
havo had to boar all the attendant evils
of black labor in the country.
Thc outbreaks war caused a dislocation of trado and increased the
world's price of sugar. With the 2,-
000,000 tons produced annually in Germany and Austria locked away from
the world, thoro was a chance for the
sugar trust of Australia to make huge
profits out of nn industry that had been
built up on bounties cheerfully paid by
the people of Australia as a set-off
against the employment of white labor.
Instead of tho world's price being lower than tho Australian prico, the Australian price sagged down bolow the
price in other parts of tho world. Natu-
' rally tho sugar trust in Australia waa
out for high prices, regardless of what
sufferings would have been brought
home to the people of Australia.
Tho two Australian Labor governments—Federal and State of Queensland—acted just in time to prevent gigantic shipments of sugar leaving the
country. Then they decided on the nationalization of the industry from the
point of the raw sugar leaving the
hands of the millers, with protection of
the growers as against the latter in the
form of prico fixing boards. The big
task of taking over so huge a concern
as the refining and distributing of'sugar was simplified by the methods adopted. Practically the sugar trust was
turn-ed into an agent for the government. First of all the Queensland government, acting for the federal govern-
ment, seized all the sugar in the country under what was known as the Sugar Acquisition Act; A price of $90
per ton was fixed as tho price for the
raw Bugar, and 7 cents per pound was
fixed as the retail price to be charged
to householders. This arrangement
IaBted for two years, covering the crops
of 1915 and 1916. Thc agreement ran
out in February, 1917, by which timo
the government had made a profit of
$2,500,000 on the deal, which went into
the treasury of tho governmont, instead
of into the pockets of the sugar trust.
In June, 1917, a new arrangement
was entered into. Thc Labor government had decided that the workerB engaged in the sugar trade should receive
highor wages than they were paid by
the trust, and so an award was gazetted in which tlieir wages were substantially increased. Consequently, the
price of raw sugar wns raised from $90
Id $05 per ten—the division of the latter priee between mill owners, growers
and growers ami workers being left to
tho boards of industrial awards to settle. The retail priee to consumers was
however, left at the original prico of 7
eents per tt). The government figured
. that as it had made a profit of $2,500,-
| (H)l) on the sugar industry formerly, it
eould afford to sell tlie sugar at the
same price retail although thc price of
tlie raw product had increased by $15
per ton. And it is now known that the
people of Australia in getting their
sugar at 7 cents per IT), aw getting it
at a price which allows for no proflt in
the industry at all ither than actual
working expenses and proper charges.
The arrangement busted till Juno, 1918,
when a further agreement was arranged—the price of raw sugar boing left
at the same figuref ub well as the retail
prico to consumers. So it is that four
years after the outbreak of war, tho
people of Australia are getting their
sugar at a price only one cent dearer
than it was prior to war. Had it not
been for thc nationalization scheme of
the government, there *is no telling
what the price of sugar would have
beon in Australia at the present time.
And what is more, a big monopoly is
hemmed in on all sides—its buying and
Belling prices decided by thc people's
representatives, and instend of robbing
the people, a. system has been evolved
by whieh the growers one the one hand
and tho consumers on the other, are
protected. Under the methods now
operating in Australia with sugar, thero
can bo no unfair dealing, either to the
consumers or to the workerB who grow
the sugar. And what is highly important, for the first time in the history of
Australian sugar-growing, the growers
A NEWSPAPER TRAGEDY
[By George P. Wost]
There have been three recent develop,
ments in the American newspaper field
that may well breed pessimism as to
the progress of democracy iu thiB country. Sir. Fremont Older has resigned
from tho editorship of the San Francisco Bulletin, which means that that
newspaper will no longer exist as a
great inspirer and hearteuer of all who
are committed to humane and,democratic causes. Mr. Oswald Garrison Vil-
lard has sold the Now York Evening
Post to Mr. Thomas W. Lumont of J,
P. Morgan & Co., just as all of us were
hoping that it might gradually come to
fill the place in this country occupied
by, the Manchester Guardian in England. And the Philadelphia Publie Ledger, after surprising and delighting its
liberal readers with tho Washington
correspondence of Lincoln Culcord and
the cartooiiB of Cldyo Weed, has dispensed with the services of both and
apparently repudiated the bias from
which thoy worked.
Tho trngody of these losseB is that
they wipe out liberal gains in a fleld
whero most of all they are needed, and
in which the outlook was bad enough
beforo. The conservative business mind
is left in almost absolute control of the
sources of public information and the
means of public discussion. It is even
worse than that. For tho average business man—tho banker or the great ad*
vertiser or thc Chamber of Commerce
executive;—is subject to aberrations in
which, iu off-guard moments, he is cap*
able of intelligent and disinterested
nnd liberal thinking. Bnt his sentimental attachment to the established
order is such that he reserves that sort
of thinking for confidential intercourse
with his equals. He would as soon gos
sip about womon friends with his but
ler as to permit his editors to question
[.the established order within sight or
hearing of tho multitudes who read his
newspapers. It is not safo. It is not
wise. Tho people are only too ready to
acquire wrong ideas and unfounded prejudices. And so he chooses as his editor
some discreet and rospoctablo journalist
who can be trusted to take the safe and
sane view of any and evory question.
Often it is possible to staff a newspaper
with meu who honestly believe that
wage earners arc profiteers and that
property rights as they now exist were
ordained of God. But some of the
worst newspapers nre written and edited by men with their tongues in their
cheeks. They huve surrendered to cynicism, and because they know in their
hearts whero the truth lies, they aro the
more skillful in finding and stating its
opposite.
The estate to which editors of metropolitan newspapers have fallen was exposed vividly by Sir. Lamont in announcing his purchase of The Evening
Post.   "It is obviously impossible," he
said, without   further   explanation of
why it was impossible, "for me to do
vote my personal attention to tho con*
duct of the Evening Post." If we lived
under any sensible regime, it would not
bo obviously impossible for tho owner
of a great metropolitan daily to devoto
any personal nttcution to it.    But we
acept Sir. Lamont's pomposity without
thinking twice about it.   A partner in
J. P. Morgan & Co. obviously can no
more give his attention to a mere nows-
paper than he can write the sermons of
his bishop.   "Let theso writer follows
attend to it, and give me a safe and
sane and eminently respectable board
of trustees to set over them.    And if
you see anything of tho wrong sort in
the paper, let mo know, and I'll telephone them about it."  It is enough to
call up visions of thc barricades thus
to sod a pompous Money-bags disposing
of the staff and resources of a great
journal.   Sir. Villard haB not disclosed
his reasons for selling the Post.    We
gueBs that the state of the advertising
market hardly encouraged him to take
the Post further along the road toward
justice and truth-tolling, and he prefers
to devote a fortune not without limit
to Tho Nation,   in   that weekly field
which Mr. Villard seeB as tho hope of
the   immediate   future—a   future   in
which the prospects   of   honest daily
journalism look black.
Mr, Older's resignation from The
Bulletin is tho greatest newspaper tragedy of the day. There was hardly a
liberal-minded person in tho country—
from tho Wilson Democrat and the Progressive Republican to the soap-box
and the I. W. W., who did not know
about Older aad The Bulletin—they
were synonymous—and took heart that
somewhere was a great .editor who understood, and who in season and out
dared risk the wrath of advertisers and
mors by exposing tho rotten underpinning of our soeial and economic
structure. Without owning a cent of
stock in thc paper, Older for nearly 25
years had - dominated its policy nnd
fashioned it along linos that mado other
newspaper men gasp. The end hnd boon
predicted times without number, and it
hus come, perhaps significantly, just ns
the Chamber of Commerce of thnt lawless and fascinating town by the Golden Gate found itself balked and discredited by tho campaign that followed
Older's exposure of the plot to send
Mooney to the gallows on perjured testimony. Always a man of tremendous
energy, courage, and magnetism, with
a genius for capturing and holding the
public interest, Mr. Older after the
graft prosecution underwent a metamorphosis that lifted him out of the
rnnks of great journalists nnd made
him a preacher and a prophet ns well.
Mis. long struggle with the plundering
public service corporations nnd their
uliies in politics nnd the tenderloin had
been probably the most bitter and spectacular battlo of its sort ever waged In
this country.—Tho Public.
Mooney Will Appeal
San Francisco—Attorneys for Thos.
J, Mooney have announced that an appeal for a new trial will be carried to
the United States Supremo Court. The
appeal will be based on that section of
the federal constitution which CBtub-
lishes the rights of citizens.
Thc California Stato Supremo Court
has twice refused to order a now trial
on thc ground that in criminal cases
that arc referred to it the luw does not
permit it to consider mattor not contained in the record of the case. As irregularities in thc conviction of Mooney
wore discovered aftor the trial was
ended, the court declines to order a
new trial because tho charges of irregularity are not in the record.
The Federationist is read by over
30,000 poople each week. This should
be an incentive for business men to use
the Federationist as an advertising medium.
ure getting a fixed price for their cane,
instead of being forced to take whatever prico thc monopolistic sugur trust
cared to pay them.
What Is Being Done by a
Labor Government in
Australia
[By W. Francis Ahern]
Oae of the first acta of the Byan Labor Government on its accession to
power in Queensland, Australia, was to
set ubout the controlling of the coal industry and tho supplying of its own requirements from state-owned mines. In
this matter tho government was guided
by two cardinal factors—efficiency and
economy. So it was in securing coal for
state needs, attention was paid to the
selection of position by which the cost
of transport und handling would be minimized. As u cnso in point, prior to
the government establishing its own
mines iu tho far north of the state, coal
was transported by sea from the mines
in the southern portion of Queensland,
and although the governmont chartered
vessels for this purposo and cut out the
middleman profits, tho cost was excessive.
But the activities of tho Ryan Govornment are not confined solely to coal
mines. The production of petroleum
has been made a state monopoly, and
boring operations are now in full
swing, while the manufacture of coke
and the production of pig iron (with an
eyo to the establishment of a state
steel works) are occupying much attention just now. Tho policy of the government, in this and other matters, can
bc set down roughly as follows:
(1) To supply ita own needs; (2) to
develop valuable natural resources
which private enterprise, because of
lack of capital, or other reasons, has
hitherto been neglected, and (3) to
push forward the output of metals urgently needed By the Imperial Government during war.
Let us go back to the matter of state*
owned coal mines for a moment. The
Ryan Government aims at producing
coabnt points most suitablo iu supplying the needs of tho variouB railway
systems. Another matter was tho establishing of the fuel industry in viow of
the many industries remotely situated,
which depend on considerable amounts
of fuel. In the southern portion of the
state, the government purchased a mine
at a place named Warra, over 100 miles
inland from Brisbane. When bought by
the state, this mine was but partially
developed, consequently it was secured
for lho low figure of $20,000. Tho government ascertained that by buying
this mine, and releasing a large number
of trains engaged in hauling coal, as
well as buying supplies, no less a sum
involving a capital outlay of nearly
$250,000 would bc saved. Tho Warra
mine is not yet at its beat, but it is
known that the output will bo largo,
while the fuel itself is of the best
quality.
In addition to this, tho Queensland
Governmont owns tho underground
rights of a large area of land within 25
miles of the city of Brisbane. ThiB is
fortunate .inasmuch as the great railway workshops of thc state arc situated
within a couple of miles of where this
coal is. With the mines at Warra and
at Ipswich (where the workshops are),
the requirements of tho southern part
of the state nre provided for.
In tho central part of the stato, the
government has extensive coalfields at
Duns tan, iu the valley of tho Dawson
River. This coal hus yet to be. tested—
which is now boing exhaustively carried out—nnd already a lurcg area of
land has been reserved for the purposes
of erecting coal mining plants. Whon
developed, this field will fill tho requirements of the Ccntrul railway system of
the state. In the northern portion of
thc stato, mines are being opened at a
place named Bowen, aud railways constructed to the mines. Ab thore are
huge smelters in the vicinity, tho state
will also manufacture coke hero for the
use of the smelters.
Iron Resources
Ia June, 1917, the government appointed a commission to inquire into location, quantities and suitability of
iron ore deposits, fuel supplies, most
suitable site for erection of iron and
steel workB aad matters incidental
thereto. At the time of writing a bill
is being pushed through parliament
having for its purpose tho erection of
iron and steel works and tho nationalization of this industry by the state. It
is known tbat Queensland possesses
many iron deposits of high qunlity. It
has been ascertained that pig iron can
bc produced iu the stnte ut about $20
por ton, whilo tho market price of samo
at tho time of writing is around about
$00. per ton. Tho prospects of the venture may be gauged by tho fact thnt
whereas In Scotland and Spain oro yielding only 15 per cent, of metal is successfully mined, tho Queensland deposits return from 00 to 90 per cent, of
iron. As the Queensland government itself is the largest user of Bteel and
iron, it is easy to sec that the venture
owned and controlled by the state will
return the people a hnuilsome revenue.
Petroleum Bores
In Queensland experts havo stnted
there aro large supplies of petroleum.
This was proved some years ago nt a
place named Roma, when u bore tupped
a large deep-seated deposit of gas. Un-
forunntely the gits which came gushing
up through the bore caught alight, and
blazed furiously for many weeks. So
powerful was the gush that every effort
to extinguish it failed, and an expert
had to be procured from America to
put the lire ont. Though lie succeeded,
the bore was destroyed ,and work will
have to proceed all over again.    But
Patronize B. C. Federationist advertisers and tell them why you do bo,
the incident proved that oil existed in
large quantities.
Now the govornment has put down a
second bore, and though 2500 feet have
been bored, it is estimated that a further 2000 feet will have to be bored
beforo supplies aro reached. It is
knowa that the soil is cither in a narrow
crevice, as in parts of the United States
and Mexico, or in a great subterranean
pool, as in Ohio. It is estimated that
when locatod the deposits will be worth
many millions to the state. ■
The lessons learned from tho history
of the Standard Oil Co. and the pernicious influence played by that combination in, the economic lifo of Amorica,
has not been lost sight of in Queensland—and tho Ryan Labor government
has passed a law making oil a state
monopoly ,and thus turning all profits
into the treasury of the state for the
benefit of tho people at large rather
than for the benefit of a single corporation.
You will not
be "soaked"
q So many people neglect
their eyes oven whon they
know they Bhould have
them attended to—when
they know they should be
wearing glasses — because
N they aro afraid they will
be overcharged—and because of the uncertainty of
the coat.
*q I want any of you union
men who feel that you
may requiro glasses—you
or your wives—to como in
and let me examine your
oyes. Let mo tell you what
is wrong—if anything—
what it will cost to give
you glasses that will make
seeing and living more
comfortable.
fl] My optical service is the
most efficient and tho most
reasonable ou tho coast.
Stymour 1093
J. D. GAMBLE
Manager
Granville Optical  Co.
649 OBANVILLE STBEET
Below Drysdale's
; Canada Food Board ;
'   Licence 8—1855   ;
ARGUE!
Sell
CONJONES
lb fresh Uobc
acco.
In Place of Wheat
Use More Corn Bread, Oatmeal Bread, Rye Bread,
Barley Bread
CORN FLOUR—Per lb. ....*    9c
BYE PLOUH— 7-T6. suck  66c
RICE FLOUR—2 lbs. for   25c
BARLEY FLOUR—Por lb    8c
BBAN—7-lb. 'sack   30c
BARTLETT PRESERVING PEARS—
Por box  $1.76
VEGETABLE  MARROWS—Lb... 2>/**C
GREEN CORN—Por dozon  36c
FINE LARGE LETTUCE—3 for.... 10c
POTATOES—12 ttu. for 26c
WHITNEY'S CRAB  APPLES—Eight
lbs. for  26c
WINDSOR SALT—101b. sack  26c
BUTTER—Governmont    special,     tho
bost money cnn buy.   Por lb 62C
Fresh and Cured Meats
All kinds at reasonable prices.
Tomato Suusages, our own make.
S. T. Wallace's
Marketaria
118Harttag.St.W.     %SkmH_
SET. 126S
Two Special Prices on
STOCKINGS
For Saturday
One is a silk lisle in black
and colors — an excellent
stocking. It is full fashioned
so it fits, and is double
strength in the heel and toe
to give extra life—garter
top.
Bronze, biege, Belgian blue,
green, pearl grey, brown,
black and white. A regular
65c value, for 50<>
Thc other is a $1.25 Radium
Silk Stocking that will be on
sale tomorrow at 95c. It is
a good looking hose and
very serviceable. Pink, grey,
champagne, navy, brown,
suede, black and white.
Special for 95<*
Saba Bros.
Limited
the Silk Specialists
652 GRANVULE STREET
Are You All Fixed?
THE GROUSE AND DEER
SEASON*
begins on September 14—DUCK
SEASON en tho 21st.
If it happens you'll bo needing
a fow things—keep us in mind!
As Vancouver's loading Sporting Goods storo, wo venture to
suggest a littlo timely Ust. They
may set you thinking, anyway.
ROYAL   SHELLS   (12  and   10-
gauge)—Por box     $1.25
CANUCK SHELLS (12-gauge)—
Per box  $1.35
U.M.O.    SHELLS    (in    Arrow,
Nitro-Club     and     Remington
brands.
NOTE—Ths supply of thoso last is
goncrnlly limited,
PULL LINE of METALLIC SHELLS
for  rifles.
'■DUXBAK" and "CAMP • IT"
CLOTHING; WADERS, SLICKERS, otc. Everything tho hunter
desires.
We Sell  Oame Licenses
J. A. Flett, Ltd.
SPORTING GOODS
339 HASTINOS STBEET WEST
Near Homer
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Blrtlfl IbHt Wut
SOU-VAN
MILK
Bhould be In the home of
every man—
IS IT IN YOCBS?
—Phone Fairmont S6M—
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
THE LONDON GRILL
7*V*->   ROBSON ST
This Space Reserved for
Vancouver Milling
and Grain Co., Ltd. OmOIAL   FAF1B   VAUOOUTBB
TH4DBI  AMD  LABOB   OOTJSOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
ornoui fafbb biiiub COLUMBIA  FBDBBATnW  OT  LABOB
TENTH YEAR.   No. 37
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 13,1918
(In V*-ncmv«T\
Oity. 12.00 I
$1.60 PER YEAR
Only the best will serve!
f Men who produce are entitled to the best. Intelligent men know that the best is the cheapest
and insist upon quality first, guaging the Value
offered by the price charged for quality. In
dentistry, only the best will serve, for cheap
dentistry, with inferior materials and unskilled
workmanship, is always the most expensive in
the end—costly in trouble, in pain and inconvenience, in money in thc long run. I offer only
the best of everything—the finest materials that
money can buy—the greatest care and skill.
Dental delays are costly, for the dividing lines
between a filling and a crown—between a crown
and a lost tooth—are dangerously thin. See me
at once.
i[ A careful dental examination will
Inform you as to tbe exact state of
your mouth. I shall lie pleased to
make this for you.
Opposite
Woodward's
DR. LOWE
Fine Dentistry
HASTINGS AND ABBOTT
SIX DRUG STORES
which give the public quality, service and protection from
profiteers.
Look over our Bargains for Friday and Saturday
STAHDASD  MEDICINES
75o BlBurnted Magnesia  52c
50o Gin Pills  - 33c
$1.00 Nmated   Iron    78c
85c Jad   Salt!    660
$1.00 Reid's Syrup of Hypophos*
phites   62c
60o Peps  - 330
$1.00 Raid's Iron & Nu*t Vomica
Tablets   62c.
25o Eclectrio Oil  18c
50c Rold's Kidney Pills  26c
26c  Fralt-a-tlvoB   ljc
50o Zambuk  32c
25o Rold's  Cascara Tablets   16c
86o Abbey's   Salts    18c
CANDY SPECIALS
75o 1-lb. Willard's Obocolates ....48o
60 Wrigloy's Gum  3 let 10c
POPULAR   TOILET   NECESSITIES
25c Mcnnen's  Talcum   14c
50c French Face Powdor  26c
25c Wltoh Hazel Slaving Stick....l6c
50c Emulsified Cocoanut Oil  26c
$1.00 Herplcldo  67c
400 Sanltol   Cream    25c
25c Rold's Witch Hazel Crcam....l7c
50c Orchard Whit©  36c
10c Styptic Pencil     5c
50c Mcnnen's Shaving Cream  28c
25c Dentone Tooth Paste  16c
50c Bay Rum  36c
WAB TAX EXTBA WHERE REQUIRED
VANCOUVER DRUG CO.
LIMITED
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
MAIN STORE:
405 Hastings Btreet West   Phones Bey. 1965 and 1906
BRANCH  STORES:
7 Hastings Street West Seymonr 3532
782 OranviUe Street Seymour 7013
Oor. OranviUe and Broadway        Bay. 2314 and 1744-0
412 Main Street Seymour 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 236 and 1733-0
FALL OPENING
NEW SUITS,  NEW OVERCOATS, the Latest'
Styles, $20.00, $25.00, $30.00 and up
Wc could buy suits to sell at a cheaper price, but would not
give them shop room.
Wc stand behind all our goods, but could not guarantee
much of thc cheap cotton goods that are being sold today. Let
us have an opportunity of showing you our stock.
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
309-315 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Seymour 8380
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
We Are Men's Shoe Specialists
Wo give special attention to providing
men with the sort of SHOES that suit
them, and our efforts are being appreciated.
Test our splendid Shoes this fall!
Test our experienced Men's Shoe Ser
vice.
Both features arc  well worth
your consideration.
The Ingledew Shoe Go.
606   OBANVILLE   STREET
'Vancouver's Union Shoe Store'
T. B. HILL'S
Specials for Saturday
Men's Sox, worth 50c.   Saturday, 3 pairs for $1.00
Men's Elastic Suspenders, worth 50c, for   35c
Men's Elastic Suspenders, worth 75c, for.    50c
Men's W. G & R. Shirts, worth $2.00, fbr.    $1.50
Men's Working Pants, worth $4.00, for $2.85
We have now in stock a special range of English Wool Taffeta
Shirts, winter weight, bought eighteen months ago, tfC CA
and just now delivered.   Price, each yWivU
Our fall stock of Stanfield's Underwear is now complete, and
wc arc selling it at thc same prices as wc would have to pay
for it if we were buying it today.
Wo arc now showing our Winter range of & 1 Q In ff OC
Men's Rubber-lined Raincoats <f 10 IU -}£*J
117 Hastings Street East
VICTORIA II
Deal With Retroactive Pay
and  Compensation of
Workmen
At thc Metnl TradeB Council meeting
in thc Capitnl City lapt Friday, thc
question of retroactive pay checks lying
at tho various yards was brought
np, and through the efforts of the executive a list lias been furnished by the
I. M. B. of those lying in the Cameron
Genoa yards, and a list is to be furnished of those laying in the Foundation Co.'s office. It was decided to sup.
ply each union with a list so that the
memberB can collect the back pay thnt
is coming to them.
President Dakers reported that he
had beon acting in conjunction with
tho officers of thc Trades and Labor
Council, taken the matter of street enr
transfers up with the B. C. Electric
Railway Company. He stnted thnt he
had suggested that men going to and
from work should be supplied with
transfers. Thc company had proposed a
six-cent fare with transfer privileges,
and he thought that this system would
bo shortly put into effect.
Tho question of the expected coming
provincial election wns discussed, and
the opinion was expressed that the
Federated Labor Party should get busy
and get in shape for any election that
might be sprung.
It was decided that the Metal Trades
Council go in a body to the launching
ceremony at the Foundation yard.
It was reported thnt a new shipbuilding company had secured contracts for
five ships, and that they were opening
a new yard at Esquimau.
The provisions made by the Dominion
government as to the Workmen's Compensation Act for government employees, was discussed, in view of the
fact that nil the employees nt the nnvy
ynrd are affected by theso provisions.
Mr. A. Watchman, of the U. B. Carpenters, addressed tho meeting on the
question of the new .scnle negotiated
nt Washington. He went fully into the
details of the working conditions ns
they affect the workers in the ship*
yards on the American side.
He stated in his remarks that overtime wns only allowed in the Statea at
the direction of the Emergency Fleet
Corporation, which waB the directing
body of the United States Government
shipbuilding programme, and that the
consent of the labor organizations had
nlso to be obtained before overtime
was allowed.
Bro. Watchman stated, that Mr. Chns.
Schwnb had Baid that bo long ns labor
allowed the present system, that he
would bo foolish not to take ndvantago
of it, nnd that bo long ns the workerB
nllowed him and his kind to direct tho
affairs of industry that it wns his intention to do so. But thut just as soon
as labor saw fit to run tho machinery of
stnte and take over the industries thnt
ho would be pleased to assist. And that
he only hoped that thoso who opposed
Lnbor would be more careful, for as
thoy mete it out to thc workers now,
just so sure as thc time camo for the
workers lo take control, they would
have lots of time to repent.
GREAT BRITAIN WILL
TRY NEW DEMOCRACY
Parliamentary Electorate Doubled at a
Stroke—Six Million to Vote at
Next Election
A measure which doubles ut a stroke
the parliamentary electorate, enfranchises six million women, provides
for absent (and even proxy) voting by
three million soldiers and sailors, redistributes seven hundred parliamentary
seats, introduces a scheme of proportional representation, paves the way
for a new balance of party forces, anu
in short, thrqws open the tloodgntc for
democracy in a grent conservative nation—such is thc British "HeprcBentn-
tion of the People" Act, whieh received the royal assent ou February 0.
Two years of wnr brought the advocates of woman's suffrngo an advantage which no amount of agitation had
ever won for them, namely, thc backing of thc government; nnd a few
months more carried their cause to u
victorious conclusion which could hardly have been reached in a full decade
of peace. Now thnt meu were to have
tho suffrago as persons, it was more
than ever difficult to withhold it from
women. Indeed, iu the present juncture—in the face of woman's incalculable service to the nation—to withhold
it is quite impossible.
Thc offeci of these stupendous
changes upon the relative strength of
parties, and upon tho course of British
legislation nud politics, remains to be
determined. No one doubts that Britain is headed toward a mighty politicnl and economic overturn in consequence of the w»r. To it consirlernble
extent, the revolution has already been
accomplished. It has been charged
that thc driving force behind the suff-
rnge clauses of the Into net wns the
Labor Pnrty, whicli expects to turn the
new stream of electoral power to ac-
coun in winning thc coveted control of
the nation's affairs. This is at best
but u half-truth. Yet it iB not to be
doubted that the mass of the newly
enfranchised men, nnd ut least half of
the enfranchised women, are of liberal,
and in many cases radical bent.—By
Frederick Austin Ogg-in Heview of He-
views.
VICTORIA  CARPENTERS
SECURE  AGREEMENT
David Spencer Sign Agreement for 96
Per Day—Labor Is 70 Per
Oent. Organized
* The carpentera of Victoria are showing signs of activity, and as a result of
their efforts, an agreement haB been
reached between David Spencers, Ltd.,
who are re-building in tho Capital City,
nnd the organization. The company
has carried on the negotiations in a
business-like manner, and have shown
tho officers every courtesy. An agreement has been reached on tho $0 per
day basis. Tho question of organizing
tho Building Laborers has also been
considered, and as a result, tho I. L. A.
Auxiliary of the Shipyard Laborers, is
expected to handle the situation.
A general activity iB noticonblo in
Labor ranks sinco tho new shipbuilding
programme hns been decided upon, and
in tho next two weeks it !b expected
thnt the vnrious orgnnizntions will
reach the 100 per cent. mark.
if
IN
New Shipbuilding Will Not
Be Properly Started for
Some Time Yet
The Metal Trades Council at Victoria hns sent- word that thoro will be
no need for men in connection with the
shipbuilding industry for some considerable time. Many men are at the present time idle in the Capitnl City. With
the closing down of the yardB some
time ago, many men w-ero thrown out
of work, and as the new shipbuilding
programme will not be properly started
for at leaBt six weeks, there is no demnnd for men in nny branch of the
shipbuilding industry, and men in any
braueh will bo woll advised in securing
definite information before going to the
Capital City in search of employment.
Wage Law Violated
Sacramento, Cnl.—The State Labor
Commissioner's office is receiving complaints that fruit and vegetable cnn
neries in this locality are making no
pretense of observing the state minimum wage law for women nnd minors.
This law provides for lti cents an hour
for girls. In one ense a girl worked
three days and was paid 5 cents. The
company hold out for caps, aprons,
brnHS nnme cheek and other accessories
thnt it deems iieceHsnry in the handling
of fruit nnd vegetables.
Smelter Workers Unite
Springfield, III.—Smelter employees
have organized and affiliated with the
Internntionnl Union of Mill, Mine nnd
Smelter Workers.
I
E
Eastern Wage Earners Submit Cost of Living to
Board
A cost of living schedule for a young
woman wns an interesting feature of
the documents presented by tho representatives of tho employees, before the
board of conciliation and investigation,
which wns in session in Peterborough,
Ont, last woek, dealing with tho dispute between thc Canadian Goneral
Electric Company and its employees. A
number of the employees aro young wo
men belonging to the Brotherhood of
Electrical Workers International
Onion, Two young women drew up the
separate Bchodalos nnd they arrived at
totals which varied less than $20. One
total arrived at was $70i).i)0, and the
other $725.00 for a year. Bonrds of
Conciliation have been used to stute-
ments on the cost of living bnsod upon
a man, his wife nnd three children's requirements. The following document
is perhaps the first of its kind offlcinlly
presented in a disputo in Canada. The
statement reads:
Wage Earner's Expenses
Board, $0 per weok $321.00
Laundry,   averaging   all,   $1.75
per   week	
Suit ut $35 to last two years and
$5 for alterations, cleaning, otc
Wintor coat to last 2 years, $35
Sweater coat to last 2 years, $10
One white skirt	
Summer dress at $30 to last two
See Attempt to Stifle Individuality  of  War
Veterans
When Comrades Giolma and Ault
called upon General Leckie on Thursday last, the matter of attestation was
takon up, and so far as could be gathered the G. O. C. had received no official intimation that the civilian members of the clerical staff would havo to
re-attest as a condition upon which
their jobs would bo secure. He did sny,
however, that an endeavor had been
mado to work in the "C" men, but
that it was found to bo more expensive
than the present plan, and in consequence discouraged it.
Tho special mooting of tho Victoria
branch of the Groat War Veterans last
Friday came to tho conclusion that
there was a "nigger in the woodpile"
somewhere, as more than ono member
declared that official notification had
reached the ■ pay department from thc
paymaster general that re-attestation
was the order and the alternative tantamount to a notice to quit.
WIU Find Out
In the absence of a general order to
the civilian members of tho staff the
impression left upon those affected is
that the thin eflge of the wedge is
about to be driven in, and that' unless
somo sort of protest were lodged at
once, the wholo wedge would bo in too
far. Coupled with the diBciiBflion was
tho question of wages and an allegation
that promises of an increase made somo
time ago hnd failed to materialize, suggested to the majority of members present that thc time had arrived when a
more definite understanding should be
reached. For thnt purpose, and to find
out exactly whnt the prospects of re-
attestation aro, a committee will wait
upon Major-General Leckio and Lieut.-
Colouel Tooley, District Paymaster.
Wny Re-attest
It was pointed out that once a man
re-attests ho immediately loses his pension allowance for tho timo being,
while it was not understood, if the government could afford to pay the rc-nt-
tested man more, why the increase in
wages could not be given to the veteran without requiring him to become a
soldier again.
One of the members suggested that
it was the flrst step to stifle the returned man's individuality and to muzzle his public utterances. Because if n
man ro-nttestcd—and he trusted thero
were none so weak willed oa to be
caught—and in any way "kicked
military discipline would immediately
enmesh him, and before he knew where
he wns he would be back to $1.10 per
duy, boarded, and sent to France as the
price of his well-earned freedom, his
battle scars notwithstanding.
^_mt>x__wt_i ■*
Sincerity
is as necessary in business as
it is in friendship and we
here—at the "B. C."—make a great
feature of sincerity. We are wholehearted in our aims to please and
satisfy and sincere in our genuine
attempt to give at least 100 cents of
value for every dollar spent with
us. We arc sincere in our statements, om* promises, our materials
and our workmanship.
We have built up a big business
upon sincerity, and wc arc tfoing to
uphold and increase it by sincerity.
Nov* is tlje time to test our sincerity.
We are making Fall Suits for
men and women into which sincerity is built.   Come" and sec!
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
91.00
20.00
15.00
5.00
3.00
15.00
yenrs 	
Three waists to last with suit
nt $3.50 ene.li 	
Four working waists at. $2 each
Threo working aprons at $1 each
Boots 	
Rubbers and  repairs  to  hoots,
rubber heels, etc	
Hats, summer nut) winter	
Underwear,   underskirts,   nightgown, etc	
Corsets     15.00
Hosiery nml gloves    10.00
Collars, etc     5.00
Handkerchiefs, 20c each       2.40
Thread and mending wool      1.00
Umbrelln  **      2*00
Toilet nccessorios, such ns huir-
liins, combs, tooth paste, etc...
Stationery, stnmpB and writing
pnper 	
Ch.ireh expenses, 25c a week	
Sick bcuelits, 40c a month	
Other insurance, 15c a week	
Car fare to work only	
Furs to lac* live yoars at $o*5....
Raincoat to Inst 3 yoars at .-(15
10.50
«.oo
3.00
27.50
8.00
38.00
211.00
4.00
14.00
13.00
4.80
7.80
20.00
15.00
5.00
Total   ♦TO*1**"'
On this estimute, which must be considered reasonable, it would appear
that tho wages of a Bingle girl mast be
at least $13.50 per week in order that
she mny live in nnything like decent
comfort', und emphusises the modcrntion
of the local l.nundry Workers in their
demnnds for a minimum of $12.00 per
week.
Cleveland Btrike Won
Clevelnnd, O.—By winning n strike
that Involved 4000 employees, the Internntionnl Ladies' Garment Workers
Union has broken the backbone to
trnde unionism opposition in this industry. Governmont stniistics show
that theso employers paid thc lowest
wage in tlie country, but a strike that
tied up their plants wns necessnry to
convince them that Iheir employers*
claim wits just.
Copper MinerB Oaln
Jerome, An/..*—Hywel Davles, representing the United States deparlment
of Labor, hns ruled that the wage of
copper miners in this district shnll be
Increased 75 conts a dny. He also orders a reduction in renls of company-
owned houses nnd light nnd water
rates.
Pntronizo B. C. Federationist advertisers and  tell them   why you do so.
BRITISH COLUMBIA'SJBEST
COAL
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try onr Pea Coal (or yonr underfeed fntntee)
_m___k__  11
MACDONALD-tlARPOLE CO.
Phone
Seumour
aio
PIlOM
iSwimavr
aio
1001 MAIN STREET
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
IB. C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
A. S. Wells Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
TeL Exchange Seymour 7405
After 6 p.m.; Sey   7497K
Subscription. $1.50 per year;    in Vancouver
Olty,  $2.00;  to  unions subscribing
in a body, $1.25
"Unity of Labor:   tbe Hope of tbe World'
FBIDAY September 13, 1918
THE "After the War Problems"
are the moat important propositions that at this time face the
world for a solution. The solving of
those problems demunds the earnest
and serious consid-
THE SOLUTION ration of the work-
OF AFTER WAR ing class, because it
PROBLEMS is   only   that   class
that can dud a solution for the difficulties that will arise
as a result of the cessation of war
activities, and which were really in
evidence before the wnr broke out, but
will as a rosult of the intcjisilication of
tho methods of the production'of the,
necessities of life, assume larger proportions and will be more noticeable in
thie future.
*        *        •
It will bc said that we will be able
to solve the difficulties as thoy arise,
and thero is no ubo in trying to cross a
bridge before we reach it, but those
that prepare for the crossing of the
bridge usually have less difficulty in
doing so than thoso who tako no precautions to find out the nature of the
difficulties tkat have to be encounterod
before the bridge can be crossed. It
thereforo behooves us to find oat what
is the nature of the difficulties wo will
have to oncounter bofore wo cross the
"after tho war bridge." To do so wo
must consider what were the conditions
prior to the war, and see how much
thoy will be in evidence after the wnr
is over. Tho conditions before the war,
the world over, wero such as to give
food for serious thought, for we find
if we look back that the world
wns full of misery caused by unemploy
ment. That while fhe workers had
solved the problem of providing the
necessities of life, that they as a class
were denied the very thingB that are
necessary to sustain life, because of
the fact that at over more frequent
periods, the warehouses of the world
were overstocked by the produce of
their labor, and that they wore not in
a position to benefit by that productivity because of tho clasB ownership
of the means of wealth production, and
consequently the ownership of tho
wenlth produced. •
* *        *
FRIDAY September 13, 1918
pendents of the slainf   Who is to take the state, whieh is the control of tho ■     The following clipped from the help
care  of  the   orphans  and  the  widows courls, the police, the military and the ! wanted columns of the Province is in-
who are precluded by their very help- navy,  and  all   the  forces of coercion,' foresting in  view of the fact that thc
lessnoss from taking part in .the strug- and which it has   in    every   country  cost of living is still soaring:
gle  for an  existence under conditions whoro revoltuions    have taken    place
snch as these?   For "business" will be never failed to use.    It    used    it    in I
husiiu-ss nfter the war is over just ns France, it used it in Rjssia, and it will;
it was before the war.   It has no sen- uso it in this country if the workers do ;
timent, except in its object which   is not tako the way out.   That way is by
proflt, and  which it hns in  the  past the  intelligent  use   of  their political
shown no scruples in securing in spite power through political organization,     i
of  the  suffering  entailed,  and  which 	
AST   WEEK
Ihe clus* who own and control the
means of wealth production has not
even lost sight of iu the efforts of the
warring nations to secure victory on
their respective sides. This class has
not given up its profits.   It hns sacri-
Tlie Federationist
called attention to the fact that
the representative mon of the
Labor movement of the warring countries on tho Allies side, were desirous
of  reviving  the  In-
Wanted—For treasurer's department, Municipality of Point Grey,
experienced bookkeeper, able to
take charge of sot of books and
take off trial balance; salary $85;
married man and returned soldier
preferred. Applicants to stato experience and give phono number
for interview.
ficed none of tin- plunder    which   has GOMPERS, HIS ternntional       This
been wrung from the very agony of REACTIONARY week wo havo to ne
the people of the respective countries, TENDENCIES,    cord   the  fact   that I
and  we cannot- expect that Ihis class I the Bumptuous Egot-
will of its own volition give up the j jst of the American Labor move-!
system which provides it with the j mtmt, to wit Sum Gompers, has evi-;
means wherewith to enslave the work- dently decided that if he can pre-1
ing class and which gives it the leis-jvent it, tho international shnll not bo!
un-d existence that it now lends at revived. Before going to England, Gom-
the expense of the toil of thc produc- pers cabled to tho parliamentary com-
tive class in human society. And thoro : mjUee of the Trades Union Congress
is only one solution, nnd only one clnss a„j the General Federation of Labor'
thut has the powor or the desire to that he would attend tho conference if
■liter tin's.- -■nmiitioiis. nnd that solution | one wone held.   "The press has stated
Is there any wonder that the clerical
employees in the city are starting an
organizntion?
AN OUTLOOK
FOR DEMOCRACY
is the abolition of the profit systom,
uud tho only clnss that enn bring this
about is thc working clnss.
* * *
During the war, by   the   systemiza
tion of the methods of production, the
individual and collective productivity
of the workers has    been   intensified,
and the output greatly accelerated. The
number of tho workors engaged iu the
production of the necessities of life has
been lessened, by the very fact that
millions of workers havo been withdrawn from productive effort, and have
been   engaged   in   military   pursuits,
which at the least can be Baid to be
unproductive, and aro in the main destructive, not only of human life but
of the wealth produced. Another factor
is tho fact that it is ncknowledged that
it has taken at least a third more of
the things necessary to sustain life, to
sustain  tho men (engaged  in warfare
than it did to maintain them in life
during the days when they were engaged in industrial pursuits.   Despite
this fact there has boon no difficulty
experienced in the production of the
things necessary to the welfare of thc
people.    True   there   has   been  some
shortage of certain things, but when it
is remembered   that  millions  of  tons
of foodstuffs that have been produced
during this time now lie at tho bottom
of the Bea, or have  by  some otber
method been  destroyed, and   that a
considerable portion of   tho   working
class have been engaged in the production of munitions of war, and which
are not really essential to the welfare
of the people, such as shells, explosives,
guns and the many and various things
necessary to carry on warfare   with,
and which havo been destroyed as fast
aB   they   have   been   produced,   and
the     production     of     which     will
cease   nfter   the   conclusion   of   the
war.   This has all been done by the
people that have not been taken away
from industry.    They havo fed them-
selvos and the troops   at    the   front.
They   have   produced   the   munitions
of wnr, and given to society practically nil that it requires, and much more
than  is  essential, and this with millions of tho workers withdrawn from
industry, and who havo been engaged
in the destroying of much of that that
has been produced.   If all of this can
be done with tho workers now engaged
iu industry what is to be the lot of the
workors when the millions thnt are now
engaged on the  battlefields of Europe
return to industrial occupations for a
Jiving?
*        * *
The war ovor, we will find millions
Mi nun returning to their industrial
occupations. Millions will bo thrown
out of the employment that now provides them with a living by the fiOMa-
tion of the production of tho munitions
of war. That by the intensification of
productive methods, it takes fewer
peoplo than ever to supply the world
with the necessities of life, and as a
result there will lie numbers greatly
in excess of that at any other period
who will not bn able to secure employment, and as a rosult of the amount
of suffering in the world before the war
from .inemploynient will lte not nearly
so groat as it will bo after thc war is
over. The struggle for existence undor
the present competitive system will bo
more bitter and fierce than evor in the
world's history, and heaven know
t
has beon a bitor struggle in the past
for members of the working class.
*        * *
What is thc use of training numbers
of the returned men in industrial occupations  if tho situation  which pro
of course we know that the old stock
arguments  will be again   trotted   out,
; that the old fallacies about it being
impossible to change    human    nature
will be again enlisted in the service of
the ruling class in their efforts to hang
on (o the system whioh gives it all the
comforts of life to the detriment of the
class who produce all the wealth, and
all the means by which to produce it.
But human nature has changed in the
past, according to the needs of society,
and that it will change again becnuse
of thc same necessity is certain,
the   change   in   the   methods   of   the
production of woalth takes   place
will   human   nature   change.    As   it
chnngod when it was no longer iicces*
sary for tho progress of humanity for
the continuation of barbarisai, and aB
it changed when it was no longer necessary for men to be chattel slaves, so
will it change when it is no longer the
custom  to have wage slnves.    Human
nature is determined by the method by
which thc human animal lives or gains
its  livelihood,  and   after  the present
systom has passed away, with its incentive for crimo in every shape and
form, then human nature will change
to the extent that the poople will never
tolerate child lnbor, nover hnvo need
to in fact.   It will not undor the collective method  of wealth   production
and distribution bo necessary to have
women sell their virtue for bread, or
for members of the human family to
prey     on     one     another     for      a
livelihood in any shape or form.   And
so as in the past, liuman nature will
change.   And with that   change    will
come the chango in morals and 'ethics,
and in nil the institutions of society.
*        *        *
Being faced  with  the  necessity of
taking some steps to  prevent  further
suffering and degradation it is necessary for the working class    to    take
stock of the methods to bo adopted to
bring about in society bucIi changes as
will provide it with the necessities of
life in a fuller sense to that which it
has had in the past.   Industrinl organization has not changed  thc situation.
It has acted as a buffer, but it has
never provided the working class with
the necessities of lifo.   It  has  never
provided it with the means whereby a
livelihood could bo obtained, nor will
it ever bo posible by that form of organizntion to do so.   It ennnot change
the ownership of the wealth   production, nor does it claim that it can do
so. That change must bo brought about
by othor action, and tbot action is political action.    But bofore any political action can be taken by tho working class which will bring about that
change, it must understand thc nature
of society as at present constituted. It
must understand that the slavery of
the working class is brought about by
the ownership of the means of wealth
production by a class in Bocioty that
neither toils or spins, that serves no
useful function in society, and that by
this ownership it is able to eontrol the
wealth produced by the working class,
and that it has this ownership by virtue of the fact tbat it is in control of
he power of   the   state   by   politieal
aetion.   That this class writes the laws
which give it the power to tuke unto
itsolf the produce of labor, and that not
only does it control the lives of the
members of tho working class, but it
has power of life and death within its
hands over the workers.   It   haB   the
power to enter into wars.  It haB powor
to enforce its quarrels with other sections of the ruling claas in othor countries on to the workers in the respective countries, and that until tho workers themselves gnin control tho power
of the state by political action that unemployment,  and all    its    subsequent
suffering, its trail of disease and death,
will  be the lot of tho working class
iu ull countries.    Tho workers of the
Central  Empires  must   thenisolvoB   by
political action overthrow the autocracies which rule them, and    we    must
overthrow the  class  iu    this    country
which can control tho product of labor
before the after-tho-war problems can
be solved.    Tho human  family is engaged in the search for life and happiness.   That can novor be achieved until the last slavo is freed by the abolition of the system which compels the
workers to  bo the industrial slaves of
au industrial autocracy.
* * *
The solution of the returned soldier
problom, the solution of the unemployment question which must, be solved
bofore the relumed mon can he. assured that they will be able to earn n
living in the country for wliich thoy
have fought, and which after ull is
the returned soldier problem, oan only
[By Scott Nearing]
Many look upon the war as the cra-
dlo of democracy.   Out of it they seo
arising a chastenod, revitalized, liberated world—safe for the human race.
Will tho war free us?
.,   , ,, . ..   • -- , Does democracy stand to gain from
l?i?„??r, T'fJbe L"b0r P'irty': «"> continuance of tlio rtruggloJ
SSL^ <Mowi.ee, in Eng. t    0n6 of the loaders of English thought
riX!,,f?n ? vil""'»<".ho »**en the  th0M quc8tion  in    _B *,*„„.     His
„ S    w 1„V1if*\ "b°r T'e; * b0< "Democraey Aftor the War," is
ment, both of whioh are composed, of B brilliant analysis of tho results of
Socialists and trade unionists."    Mr.
! throe yoars of war upon domocracy in
Gompors was undor no such impression. | England
i°„M 'l*!?.! Srt h» rea,,f0"»ry id™8 : 1'">'™<" Hobson sees tho forces of
of (Ll BflL „ S" Tl ,^b*°r 7'" ]- nomocracy brought face to face with a
irel^e'tr*fC7gwha? \_& «"»4 **"   b—
m., W-^Mi^ * Tfti0ry •0l°; i '' The forcos of reaction will be more
mont, and at thu point to show just | oloMj    consolidated than before, moro
conscious of thoir community of inter-
be brought nbout by the abolition of
the systom of production for profil and
tho substitution therefore of tho system of production for use. This oan
only- bo brought about by thc intelligent use of the workers of their political powor, and by tho use of that power in the taking over of the powers of
the state, and all that this entails. For
it is by this power that the ruling class
in any counry has domination over tlie
sea and air, the land and thc menus
. . of wealth production, and by thai dom-
vailed before the war is to be intonsi- j j,,;,,,, has the powor of life and death
lied? If an overstocked labor market ovor u,,, (H1|V UHOful class in society,
is to be more than ever overstocked} "the working class." and the working
if because ot tho very productivity of|eiflHg   jH   u,,, oniv  cift88  (jmt   jltia  t]l0
where Mr. Gompers stands ns to Socialism ,the following letter, which appoar-
ed in the Sydney Worker, is ropro
duced:
American Federation of Labor
Washington, D. C, March 9, 1915.
Editor, Labor and Progress,
Melbourne, Australia.
Dear Sir: My attention was called to your paper through tho files
of the library of the Federal Department of Labor in this country.
The trade union  movoment of
America is very much interested in
tho problom of defeating the methods and purposes of the Socialist
Party—just tlie same fight that you
uro loading in Australin.   For this
reason I am particularly anxious to
receive copies of your paper, and I
wish that you would pat me upon
your exchange list.
You probably would be interested
in tho attitude of tho American
Foderation of Labor towards Socialism and our various publications dealing with its proposals and
methods. If theso publications
would be of interest to you, I
should be glad to put you upon our
mailing list and send you the official monthly magazine, the American Federationist and the Weekly
News Lotter.
Tbo struggle to maintain personal
liberty is one of bo vital an importance to all lovers of liberty the
world ovor, that I fool that thoBe
who aro especially interested in this
fight ought to be mutually helpful
to each other. I shall be glad to
hear from you at any timo as to
any details of the problems with
which you are dealing. Vory truly
(Signed) SAMUEL GOMPERS.
President American F. of L.
Tho supreme egotism of the man is
shown when he would attempt to stop
the activities of the British Labor
movement in its offorts to rovivo tho
International, and whioh has been the
desiro of tho leading spirits of tho
movement in France as well as England
and othor countries, as was pointed oat
in these columns last week.
However, he will meet his Waterloo,
if wo do not mistake the Labor movemont of these countries, when he appears before the conference. Mr. Gompers, iu this case, as in many others,
does not represent the Labor movement
of this continent, and his name will in
the future bo hated by the working
class of this part of the world, worse
than any other self-appointed spokesman for Labor on momentuous questions. He ib playing the game of the
Junker dement of this continent, to a
greater extent than ever Schiedemann
did in Gormany. He represents all that
iB reactionary on this continent when
he opposes the war aims of the British
Labor Party, and no one can say, that
that party is disloyal. His sleek utterances will be weighed by men at that
conference that huve dealt with men in
their own movement of the same type
as himself, but he will be meeting a
much better type of men than he is usually accustomed to in the associations
he keeps in thc Uintcd States. Wo
watch and wait with interest the trimming that is iu storo for him.
ost and of the part which they respec
tivoly ean play in the maintenance of
'social order.' They will have had recent shocking testimony to the submis
sivo and uncritical character of the
people, and of their own ability to im*
pose their arbitrary will upon the con-
I duct of affairs in which the popular
I temper was supposed to be moro sonsi-
j tive. They will havo at their disposal
a large number of new legal instruments of coercion ond the habits of
obeying them derived from several
years of use. The popular mind will
have boen saturated with sentiments
nnd idens favorable to a constructive
policy of national defense, imperialism,
protectionism and bureaucratic socialism making for a closer atate under
class control with the empty forms of
representative government. AH the educative and suggestive institutions,
church, schools andvuniversities, press,
places of amusement, will be poisoned
with false, patriotism and class domination masquerading as national unity."
This outlook Ib dark. It holds out
little hope for the optimist who is waiting for the forces of evolution to lay a
ready-made salvation at his feet. Its
grimness is relieved by one possibility.
Professor Hobson insists that "the
survival of democracy muBt depend in
the long run upon a new, determined
and intelligent rally of tho forces of
Labor in tho causo of internationalism. ''
That sentence states the case and
summarizes the issue—reaction versus
an awakened, aggressive, international
Labor movement. Tho fate of the mod--
em world hangs on the iflsue.—Tho Bulletin of tho Peoples Council of America.
ORGANIZED FARMERS
WANT UNION GOODS
Farmers Realizing That Their Position
Is the Same as Industrial
Workers
Another evidenoe of tho fact that or-
ganized farmers and organized laborers
are rapidly coming to realize that their
interests arc the same, and can best bo
advanced through co-operation was
given by Neuwaukum Home Grange
No. 622 of Enumclaw, when it recently
adopted a resolution pledging its members to buy goods bearing the union
label.   Tho resolution follows:
Be it resolved, wo being farmers
nnd producers of staple necessities for
which we must have a ready market;
and,
Whereas, a large percentage of the
consumers of our produce are memberB
of Labor organizations; and,
"Whereas, tho Labor organizations
have reached out to us as grangers the
right hand of good fellowship to affiliate and co-operate with ub in every way
uble; therefore, be it
Resolved, that we os a body pledge
ourselves to buy manufactured articles
made by organized labor when it is possible to get goods bearing the union
label,"
Glove Workers Union
Snohomish, Wn.—The H. W. Wells
Glove Company has signed tho Seattle
wnge scale of its organized glove work
labor it Is to be denied the right of ac-
..fssto the means of lifo, who is to take
caro of the men who will be mcnpiei-
tatod from earning a living because of
their physical disabilities, winch will
mako them unable to hold up their end
in the intensified struggle for an existence?   Who is to tako care of tho de-
power to chango it. Will it do so by
the moans at hand, or will it blunder
along until from but of the depths of
its suffering jt will be compelled by eir-
cumstiine.es lo bring about a bloody and
costly revolution, which would givo the
ruling cluss the excuse to use the [lower
which  it now possesses, the powers of
I
City of Vancouver
TAXPAYERS
The Ten per cent. Rebate
Period Expires on Monday, the Sixteenth Day
of September, 1918,
at 5:00 p.m.
Pay Your Taxes Now and
Secure Your Rebate
JOHN JOHNSTONE,
City Treasurer.
Vancouver, B. C, September 7,1918.
Affiliation With Trades and
Labor Council Rouses
Fear in City Hall
Appeal Made to Ottawa for
Protection Against
Calamity
Tho city council evidently does not
think that tho policemen and tho flre-
mon nro enpablo of taking care of
themselves, and in its solicitude for
tho wolfare of theso men, tho council
has made mnde a plea to Ottawa, asking for legislation which will protect
the mon against thoir own wilfulness.
It appears that the policemon and
tho firemen will not withdraw from
their affiliation with the Trades and
Labor Council, nnd the oity council is
vory much afraid as to what tho con-
seqjences will bo if tho men retain
their affiliation with this body, aud so
in solemn conelnve on Monday last the
city council decided to appeal to Ottawa for intervention on behalf of the
policemon and firemen.
It wns Alderman Kirk that made the
initial move to ask tho government to
stop in by moving tho following resolution:
"In viow of the fact that the City
Firemen's Union and the City Police
Union havo given a doflnite statoment
that thoy do not intend to sever their
affiliation with tho Trados and Labor
Council, and whereas thiB counoil views
with great alarm the contingent consequences that might arise in connection
with labor strikes, sympathetic or
otherwise, due to such affiliation; resolved that the city solicitor is hereby
instructed to memorialize the the Dominion government to enact such legislation as the government may deem
necessary to make it illegal for any
body of firemen or any body of policemen to affiliate thoir organization with
any trndes and labor body or othor
union organization."
Now be it understood the policemon
and tho firemen had not tnken any
steps to call a sympathetic striko in
aid of tho laundry workers, or we could
have understood Aid, Kirk's attitudo,
but knowing tho worthy gentleman's
objection to unions in his own concerns, we enn readily seo that he has
the samo antipathy against any other
organization. It may have been that
the alderman for Ward One saw the
possibilities of tho polico refusing to
afford any scab that he might have to
employ in any futuro troublo with his
employees' protection, and as tho Cascade and the Pioneer laundries, which
Aid. Kirk is interested in, have refused
to have dealings with the organization,
that ho may have boon looking ahead.
But ho need not have beon afraid, as
labor will always as in the past obey
tho "law."
Howover, Alderman Marshall took
tho stand that while thoy had the word
of the policemen that they would not
engage in any sympnthoic strike, that
it was only n mutual understanding
and was not binding. Alderman Hamilton, while supporting the resolution,
stated that tho policemen had voluntarily by thoir obligation und constitution placed themsolves in a position
whero they could not participate in a
sympathetic strike. It is very ovidont
that if this is the case, it is not a sympathetic striko that these genlemen
fear. The fact of the matter is thoy
fear the strength that is givon to theso
men by their affiliation with tho Trades
Council.
Howover, the matter is not to rest
there. The governmont is being informed by the B. C. Fedoration of
Labor that organized labor in the province Btands for the right of all men to
organize, and to affiliate with whom
they will, and when they will, in tho
time that is their own. The right of
association cannot bo denied these men
because a few aldermen fear thoy know
uot what, and it ennnot be said that so
far any great change has taken place
in thc administration of the polico
force, or in the firo dopartment, sinco
tho meu affiliated with the legislative
body of labor in thc city of Vancouver.
ryMMQ.
A Gift for Someone?
If you havo in mind a gift for someone in tho near future
why not select it early from th* splendid assortment of
BIRKS' FINE JEWELLERY
By noting our windows often yon will appreciate more
and more the UNUSUAL VALUE, as well Ett! beZly
of these p.eees-produots of Canada.   They are eiquisite*
in cEter ' "^ m°St USe,Ul "nd P6™*"""-**
BIRKS      "The wtt H0B» «r Canada"
oeo. e. ieobbt. Man. Dir.   OranylUe and Georgia sta.
—SAVE TOUB MOFBT—
STABT A BAIK AO0OOTTT Ol
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Doa't stow tint? your ■it»r« suk Is
any old corner where It is In i*
from burgUri or lire.
The Merchant* Bank of Canada often   you   perfect   aafetr   for   roar
money, and will giro yoa fall banking
aerrlce, whether year account la lam
or small.
Intereat allowed on aarlnga  dapo*
0. *T. STAOBT, Manager
OruvUla and Panto
W. 0. JOT. Manager
Haitlnga aad Oarrall
nrOOBPOBlTBD 18S6
Bank of Toronto
Assets  184,000,000
Deposits  63,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Savings Account may Im
opened at The Bank of Toronto
In the names of two or moro
persona. In these accounts either
party may sign cheques or deposit
monoy. For tho different members of
a family or a firm a joint aeeonnt Is
often a great aonvenlenee. Intereat ia
paid on balances.
Vancouver   Branoh:
Conor Haatinga and Camilla Streets
Branchos at:
Victoria,  Merritt.  New  Weatminster
LEGAL NOTICES
NEW WESTMINSTEB LANS DISTBIOT
TAKE NOTIOE that I. Albert Edward
Garvoy, intond to apply for a licence to
prospect for Coal, Petroleum and Natural
Gas, on tho following described landa:
Commencing at a post planted near the cornor of Sixteenth Avonuo and Blanca Street,
in the Municipality of Point Grey, thence
East eighty chains, thence South eighty
chains, thence Wost eighty chains, thence
North eighty chains to point of commencement, containing 640 acres, more or less.
ALBERT EDWARD GARVEY.
.     ... Locatar.
Located July 19, 1918.
Dentistry!
Drown!,    Bridjn   ud   TOllifi
made thi nme ibida as job owa
natural tutb.
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Opon evening*! 7:UO to 8:80.
Denial nurse ln attendance.
008.   OBAHVILLE   ADD   BOBaOI
STEEEIS
Onr Owl Drug Store
Phone Sey. 0888
NEW WESTMDJSTEK LAND DISTBIOT
TAKE NOTIOE thst I, AlbBrt Edward
Oervey, intond to apply (or a licence to
prospect for Coal, Petroleam and Natural
U«a, on the following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted near the cor-
ner of 29th Avenue and Camosun Street, ln
the Municipality of Point Orey, thench South
eighty chains, thence West oighty chains,
thonco North eighty chains, thence East
eighty chains, to point of commencement,
containing 640 acres, more or less.
ALBERT EDWABD OABVEY,
.     .... Locator.
Located July 19,  1918.
TWENTY-FIVE   TEABS   AGO
Trades and Labor Oouncll
September 16,1893
Thos. Nyo, of Mainland StcamBltip*
mens Association, sontcd as delegate,
vice J. Tiernoy, resigned.
Commiloo appointed to mnko arrango-
monis for tug-of-war pull for Oppenheimer trophy: Messrs. Towler, Monck,
Marshnlsny, McKoo, Beat, Lundy, Nye,
Irelnnd, Walker and Amos.
Attorney-General Davie communicated with ns to why n board of arbitration nud concillation, as called for by
bureau of labor .statistics, hns not boon
created.
Statistician Burtloy roported at
length, showing whut had been done at
Victoria in the wny of legislation for
workmen.   Trado dull.
Can Prevent Accidents
Seattle—In urging employers to become imbued with the "safety lirstl:
idea, C. W. Prico of Chicago, told busi*
nose men of this city that accidents
have been reduced 75 per cont. whero
education and preventive methods aro
applied.
NEW WESTMINSTEB IiAND DISTBIOT
TAKE NOTIOE thnt I, Albert jjdward
Oarvoy, Intond to apply for a licence to
prospect for Coal, Petroleam aad Natural
Gas, oa tho following described laads:
Commencing at a post planted near the cor*
""■»' Blanca Stroet and Slxteoath Avenne
(Point Grey Boalevard) la the Municipality
°J Polat Grey, thence Sonth 80 chalas,
thenoe West 80 chains, thonch North 80
chains, thenco East 80 chains to point of
commencement, containing 640 acres
Locatod July  25,   1918.
ALBERT EDWARD GARVEY,
Locator.
EDITOR WANTED
Applications are invited for the position of Editor of The Maoriland Workor, to close October 31. Applicants are
required to forward credentials, and
state date on which they can undertake
the duties. All informntion with regard
to salary and duties cnn bo had by
writing the secrotary.
P. 0. BOX 1500,
Wellington, N. Z.
Steel Workers Seek Increase
Sydney—Nova Scotia Stool Workers
aro asking for a general wago increase
of 10 per cont. for all workors now receiving moro than $3.50 a day, and of
20 por cent, for mon getting $3.50 or
less. The prospect of success is said to
bo good.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
BONDS
I* too are considering the paroaaii
or sale of Govornment or ManlotDal
bends commanleato with
... .   MMUOK DONNELLY
731 Oran-mit Bt.        Vancoaw. B. 0.
Notary Public
A.  W.  WHITAKER
439 Richards Street
Pieco Work Protested
Washington—Tho A. F. of L, ruilway omployoos' dopartment 1ms   compiled » lint of 5,075 names of shop em-
£ tlu>  Pennsylvania  railroad
ployc
who havo Blgnod petitions to Director
General of Railroads McAdoo to abolish piece work. The list is not completo as tho principal shops at Altoona,
Pa., nro yot to be heard from,
Can't Quit Business
Baltimore—Food Administrator Malt-
bio has refused permission to a whole-
snlo and retail ice denier to give np his
rotnil business becauso it Is no longer
profitable. The food administrator ordered him to servo tho public, and as-
sjred him a reasonable profit.
At the J. N. Harvey Union Olothing Stores
OVERCOATS
and RAINCOATS
are now ready for you to select from.
Wc are advising om* friends to buy early this
season as the stock we ,are now offering was
contracted for before the present-day high
prices and cannot be repeated for anything
lilce the prices we are selling at today.
Overcoats in most cases are a little shorter this
season.  Some are worn with belts.
Prices, $20, $25, $30, $35, $40 to $50
"TOGA" Entlish Pure Wool Weatherproof Coats
Prices, $45, $50, $55 and $65
Raincoats in fancy mixed tweeds, in plaids and
checks, are very popular again
this season. They are made in
a variety of styles—regular,
belted and raglan.
Prices, $15, $18, $20 and $25
tuais  in i
S223©
^Bs&
At either of our Union Stores
125-127 Hastings St. W.
Also 614-616 Yates St., Vlotoria, B.O.
Look for the Big Red Arrow Sign	 FBIDAY. September 13, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE FIVE
The First Union Cigar Store
in Vancouver
The Mainland
Cigar Store
The Place for Pipes
310 CARRALL STREET
Just Received—A shipment of French Briar'
Pipes to sell at 75c. They are entirely free
from blemishes; good size bowls and fine shapes.
They also have an aluminum tube inside the
stem, keeping the pipe very clean. Any way, if
you take a look at them in our window, or step
inside and examine them, you will know just
how good they are. Every pipe branded J. R.
C. Panama—none other genuine.
Waat Unions Have Done
The next timo some one asks you
"what have you unions for," don't
pity his ignorance, but tako the uninformed gentloman in hand and enlight-
on his mind to the greatet forco for
good that the world's workers have
over known.
Compare the long workday of thirty
years ago to that o today. Explain to
him how, that at the beginning of the
Labor Union movement ,all of the different machines of labor were working
from twelve to sixteen hourB per day,
and that now the eight-hour day ia a
fact in many callings, and that somo
of them are discussing tho seven-hour
day, that they may enjoy to a greater
degree the good things of life.
If the union's successful effort in reducing the workday is not sufficient
excuse for our existence, show your
friend how the workers' agitation so-
cured our free school Bystem and its
free school books. How we have raised
wagea and established a vast chain of
benefits. How we have forced employers to saeguard life and limb.
Tell him that all these gains have
been made in the last fifty years. Before that time men wore even denied
tho right to organize. Existing laws at
that time declared that threo workers
gathered together in one group constituted a conspiracy. But despite these
obstacles men united. They formed debating i societies and established labor
papers.   Slowly, but surely, they ono -at
SCOTTISH SOCIALISTS
WIN IN MINING TOWN
Miners Oust Enemies of Labor in
Cumnock, Keir Hardie's
Home Town.
A new distinction has come to
Cumnock, Scotland, already famous
as being tbe home town of the late
Keir Hardie, It has just elected a
majority of Socialists to its town
council. The previous council disgraced itself by turning down (by
one vote) the requets of the miners'
union for a public site on which to
erect a monument to Hardie. This
decision will now be certain to be
reversed. A Socialist town council
however will be a better tribute to
Hardie's great influence and to the
respect held for him by bis fellow
townspeople than any other kind of
symbol. It is certainly, too, the kind
of monument that would have met
with the appreciation of the man who
gave his whole life to Socialism..
Meat Cutters and Butchers Union
A special call meeting of the Butchers
will be hold on Sept. 17.   Business of
importance will be taken np, and a
good attendance iB requested.
a time topple over old ideas, maintained by lawmakers, professors, economists
und students.
Good Old VAN LOO-
I find it tho sort of cigar thut cheors—comforts—-stimulates—inspires—in
fact it's the kind of a cigar that noxt to the wifo and kiddies is pretty
nigh a follow's best friend.
Its pleasing bouquet of sweet Havana never beguiles your wits, betrays
your nerves, or attacks tho hoart. Gently kissed by Cuban suns it has
all the goodness of a real good smoke—a man's bost companion. Trust
my "suy-so" to the extent of "two-bits." Try three of the now
1' thrce-for-a-quarter" size in the tin container. They Bure do get next
to a follow.
ADMAN EASTMAN.
Made in the Big UNION FACTORY
MArc m Vahcouver, BC
Ci£ofs
0        SOLD EVERYWHERE
15c, 10c and 3 for 25c
IU UNITY OP
IS
President Rees of Vancouver Branch of Labor
Party Gives Reasons
"Patriots" Seeking Chinese
for Mines—Remember    j
South Africa
The president of the Vancouver
branch, Mr. David Bees, occupied the
platform at the Federated Labor Party
meeting on Sunday last at the Bex
Theatre, and dealt with the direct objects of tho party. Chairman Petti*
piece on opening the meeting urged the
membership to read carefully and plentifully and fit themselves for whatever
the futuro might hold.
President Bees said the question,
"Why tho Federated Labor Party"
was a reasonable and proper question,
and it would be equally pertinent to
ask "Why John Oliver's Partyf" or
"Why Bill Bowser's Party?" and he
personally would like to have those
latter questions answered. The speaker then explained the action taken at
the last British Columbia Federation
of Labor when the delegates from all
over the province had decided to form
a politieal party in the name of Labor,
but apart from the industrial movemont. He was glad, although he himsolf waa not present on that occasion,
that the delegates who were responsible for the initial declaration had
adopted so satisfactory and concise a
platform as was to be found in the
twenty-six words which set forth the
aims of the party: "The Federated
Labor Party is organized for the purpose of securing industrial legislation
and the collective ownership and democratic control of the means of wealth
production.''
Old-time Divisions
Tho great obstacle in the past had
boen the divisions within their own
ranks, both industrially and politically. There had been in British Columbia considerable "back-firing." There
had boeji among tho wage workers four
divisions, always more or less distinguishable. There was the so-called
'ultra-scientific socialist, who mapped
out a narrow line for himsolf and stayed with it; thoro was the more moderate Socialist who did not despise an
attempt to secure several other things
along his way towards the ultimate;
there was the progressive and active
trades unionist, and lastly the pure and
simple trades unionist who cared for
none of tho things whioh to Mb limited
vision eould not be directly associated
with his meal ticket. There had been
strenuous fights in which most of those
still in the B. C. movement had taken
a part and much bitterness had from
time to time been created. The Federated Labor Party, he believed, was
the party in which prviously warring
elements could be combined for united
political action and tho membership ns
already enrolled was the most hopeful
sign that this fact was recognized.
Referring to the men who had been
elocted to parliament on the Socialist
Party ticket, tho speaker paid a compliment to Chas. O'Brien, who represented Rocky Mountain in tho Alberta
House. These men, he stated, in spite
of certain theories to the contrary,
when thoy wore elected to parliament
did just what it was possible for a
representative of labor to do in the
circumstances.
Politics in the Home
A. great change in the possibilities
of the ballot was now forecast as a
result of woman suffrage. What had
the workers done to educate their wives
and children in the pastt Very little.
Now that the ballot waa in their hands
the worker was slowly beginning to
realize that much time had been lost
and that with half of the voting
strength of the country. Seated at his
own fireside, he had neglected certain
responsibilities for taking care that
this vote might be correctly recorded,
by having afforded the members of his
own household no chance to become ac*
quainted with tho very arguments
which had decided his own politieal attitude to questions of the day. This
would havo to bo remedied and there
was every sign that the women themselves would take care that it was
remedied. The way that tho women
wore attending thoso meetings was the
best ovidenco of the fact that the membership roll of women wbb Bteadily in-
croasing in tho party.
Certain restrictions had now beon
placed upon free Bpeeeh and no doubt
moro wero to follow and one of the
safeguards for free speech was tho
regular attondanco of large audiences
at just such meetings as woro being
held. Ho romembered being in Hyde
Park, London, only a year ago that day
and hearing from some sixteen platforms practically evory variety of fad
being expounded, and with thc most
perfect freedom so far as the authorities wero concerned. Hyde Park was a
sort of safety valve to thc heart of tho
empiro and it was passing strango that
there was less of freedom in the Dominion of Canada in this respect than
London itself.
Let Crowe Do the Washing
In referring to a number of recont
strikes the speaker wished to note the
attitudo of tho political representatives
on thc several issues raised. He quoted
from a certain speech of Mr. Sanford
Crowe at the Empress meoting, where
lie had promised that the next sossion
of the Dominion legislature would havo
a work or fight bill boforo it which
ho would favor. Tho speaker Baid ho
was not acquainted with Mr. Crowo
but ho understood that he was in somo
way interested in Vancouver's dirty
washing and as the laundry workera
had just decided to strike for certain
things themselves ho would bo interested in discovering what his attitude
would be towards the girls nnd women
who wero now asking him and certain
other lending aldermanic lights for a
living wago. Referring to the part
taken in iho Vancouvor Island strike
by Major, now Lieut.-Col. Cooper, he
noted that ho too lined up with Mr.
Crowe's attitude. ThoBe were a few
of tho things that the workors had to
romembor al the next election and it
would bo ho duty of the Fedoruted
Labor Party to refresh their memories.
CONSCRIPTION OF LABOR
IS DEFEATED BY CONGRESS
House of Representatives Throws Oat
Pernicious Measure Proposed 07
Senator Thomas
Washington — The conseription-of-
labor amendment to the new draft law,
proposed by Senator Thomas of Col-
orada, has been rejected by Congress,
following a fight against the measure
by organized Tabor.
The amendment would place in the
army any striker who was unemployed
five days. This would leave the workers powerless against every conscienceless employer.
The house rejected tbe amendment
by a two-to-one vote. In the senate
Mr. Cummins of Iowa succeeded in
modifying the scheme by securing the
adoption of an amendment which would
permit strikers to retain their draft
classification where they returned to
work and agreed to abide by the decision of the national war labor board.
Because of these differences between
the two branches of Congress the matter was referred to conferees. The
house conferees refused to consider
conacription of labor in any form and
the senate conferees accepted this position rather than delay the passage of
the bill.
Labor's victory is more emphatic
when it iB recalled that one well-known
congressman assured a trade union
official that large employing interests
"have been mousing around here for
a month to secure a law 0 fthis kind."
Ladles' Auxiliary
The Machinists Ladies Auxiliary has
arranged for a whist drive on Saturday,
the 21st. Members are requested to attond the next meeting of the local on
Tuesday next, and to note that the
meeting will be held in Room 205, at
the Labor Temple.
Pension Befonus Coming
Halifax—Reforms in the scope for
pensions for returned soldiers and their
dependents are to be incorporated in
order-in-councils at an early date, according to Major E, L. Buchanan, travelling representative of the board of
pensions commissioners.
STRIKE OF POLICE IN
The Working People to Play
Feature Role in New
Drama
The workers in the past had been
mostly content with changing the political complexion from Liberal to Tory
and vice versa, but he remembered as
a miner of Diatrict 18 that with their
district lying partly in B. 0. and partly
in Alberta—one province with a Liberal government and the other with a
Tory one—that the treatment accorded their deptuntions was- exactly the
same. A better way would be for the
workers to legislate for themselves by
direot representation. We could1 not
hope for much by simply turning out
"Honest" John at the next election
if we were only going to put in the Dominion Trust. (Laughter.) We must
do our own thinking and not let shades
of differences militato against combined action. The party had been termed an unclassified bunch of hybrids,
but if this indicated that there was
room in it for all who were determined
to produce the necessary change then it
might be a compliment.
Why the Coalitionists
They were now having "coalition
governments. Why tho coalition? ThiB
aituation was the result of the waning
of tho power of the old political par*
ties and tho fact that they were conscious that they were losing thoir grip
drove them into one camp where thoy
had always really belonged, in tho endeavor to stave off for a while longor
the day of democracy. Tho next fight
must be one between the old combined
political interests and the forces of Social Democracy. In Britain this movement was taking fine shape, as 310 candidates were already named by tho Labor Party and others would be ready
when the time came.
Just what might be expected from
the ultra-patriots when it camo to facing their responsibilities, was instanced
in the British House of Commons on
the introduction of a bill to increase
the allowances to dependents and
widows of soldiers. When Ramsay
Macdonald (who had been hounded by
these very people) and Hodge, and
others of the Labor Party were speaking in favor of this bill, it remained
for Sir Frederick Barbury to draw the
attention of thc speaker of the Houso
to the fact that there was not a quorum of members present.
Soldiers Not to Be Fooled
Our opponents had attempted to use
the returned soldiers organizations, and
in fact had assisted in thoir organization in some instances, in order to try
and tie thom up politically. For a timo
it had appeared possible, but there wero
now enough returned men around to
soe through the whole game, and as
time passed, und thoir members increased, they would still more realize thnt
their intorests would not bo conserved
by playing to the music of tho Bush-
bys and tho Sliallcrosses, but that their
interests and those of their dependents
wero already being best provided for
by a strong force of peoplo of their
own class in society. The only politicul
hope of tho old-time interests wns to
drive a -wedge between the soldier and
the workers. Tho workors had provided the soldiors and the soldiers were
the workers and thia game was destined
to a eortain failure in spite of a few
minor successes, which had only served
to better illustrate tho species of camouflage that was being resorted to.
Sonio of us had experienced what had
followed on tlie termination of previous
wars. We did not wiBh to see the
South African "compound" reproduced, but thoro wus at least onc of the
Union governmont who did. Carvell
hnd declared that this "was no time
for pussy-footing," and that they most
havo Chinese in their mines. Who wns
going to tako can' tlmt tho blight that
had settled on Vnncouver Islnnd mini's
did not spread throughout the Dominion in response to the "patriots" of
tho Carvell typo. Might not tho soldier
come bnt-k to find that tho Chinaman
was everywhere in possession. Tho
Asiatics formed 52 per cent, of the island population, mid 28 per cent, of
the entire province. Did the workors
want more of it? There was much talk
of "after the wur"; but would it not
be better to organize now und strengthen the hnnds of the people who wen'
trying to conserve what littlo remain*
od* of industrial nnd political freedom.
At the close of his address, the
speaker was deluged with questions.
One man wanted to know what tho
churches would do to thc Na/nrene if
Ho were lo appear today, and was informed by 1'resident Roes that the
churches would probably nevor get n
chnnce ns the Nazarene wo.ild be prevented from spenking by order-in-
council.
Turn the Parasite Into a
Useful Citizen is the
Play
The recent strike of the London police is a sign of the times. Those In authority described the action of the Metropolitan bobby as mutiny, because his
sacred duty was to protect oapital and
property, and to leave these two bulwarks of civilization without defense,
was to invite a calamity the like of
which the world had never known. The
only thing on God's green earth that
is capitalized is the working class. The
only property that brings in a revenue
to its owner is the same thing. The
London policemon were not accused of
mutiny because he had withdrawn his
protection from the working men of
that eity. No one could rob them. They
haven't anything worth stealing. They
own about as much as the working men
of Vancouver. They are broke. So are
we. Take the working men in Vancouver, figure up how much they have and
how much they owe, do the same with
the working men of London and we
shall come out in pawn. The working
class the world over is broke, and although it has produced everything, it is
in debt to the master class to such an
oxtent that it will shortly have to live
nnd work almost on nothing in order
to raise a fraction, of the interest on
what it owes. We owe the master class
billions, because they have allowed us
the privilege of fighting this war. The
working mon have produced all the war
material ,and done 95 per cent, of the
fighting. Do they still owe for the
war material they have produced I Are
they in debt for the grub they havo
consumed during the wart Where do
these billions of dollars come from that
the maBter class has on ita books, billions that were not in existence prior
to the war? The figures are there, and
we aro in pawn to the master class to
the amount those figures represent. The
world is safe from democracy for a
long time to come if the master class
can keep us in that position "to which
it hath pleased God to call us."
The real wages of the London policeman fell and he could not live on what
he got to live on. He had to have more
or he could not produce in hiB body the
energy necessary to enable him to maintain law and order. We hear a lot of
talk nowadays about the high coBt of
living. The coBt of production, the
scientists tell us, is determined by social necessary labor time. Labor is the
standard of value. The working man
should try and figure out how much
more time he has to labor now in order
to obtain food, clothing and shelter,
thnn he had previously. He will flnd
that tho time necessary has considerably increased. It would havo to be a
big grub stake now, measured in dollars that would keep him through the
winter. Tho only benefit tho working
man gets out of the war is regular employment, a stendy job, work. He hns
moro work now than ever ho hnd, nnd
yet wo find him going on strike frequently in order to enable him to get
onough to work on. He is compelled to
do this and so are al! who work for
wages, even policemen.
The pleasing feature about the policeman's union is that it links tho policeman to thc working class.
This is the day of social production
and the development of capitalism has
caused the function of the policeman to
change considerably. Take the man regulating the traffic for instance. Is he
not engaged in producing wealth f As
the system becomes more complicated
and produetion more intensified, the
policeman will bc utilized more and
more as ar part of the wealth-producing mechanism. It cun plainly be perceived that thc man regulating tho
traffic is exploited just us if ho were
engaged in shipbuilding or similar occupation. The London police has been
utilized far more in this direction than
the police of other countrieB. ThiB mny
account for their boing about thc first
to organize. Thc police have a better
knowledge of thc present system than
they are given credit for. They como in
daily contact with its most evil effects.
Then think of the thousands of
speeches they have been compelled to
listen to at tho screct corners in days
gone by. It is expected by many that
crime will incrense ns a result of the
moral chaos due to tho war. We do not
anticipate any great increase unless it
bo in the direction of crimes of violence.
The scene is nbout to open on tho
■jflcond act of tho grout world drama,
diid the second net is the net in which
the working man plays the leading
part.
The greatest body of organized working men Ihe world has evor known met
at Derby, England, lust week. On this
meeting rested thu fate of the present
system, because we are givon to understand thnt onr Hritish comrades nre going to demnnd the restoration of the International. The working men in the
old land are slow lo think. It takes a
hammer and chisel lo get nnything new
into their heads, but il takes a crowbar
to get it out once they hnve it. Evor
since the master class refused passports
to I lie delegntcs who were chosen to ut-
tend the Stockholm conference the dp*
termination Lo moot nnd confor with
the representatives of the workers of
Gormany nnd Austria has boon growing, and this fact will be plainly realized when wo got the report of thc
Derby meeting,
The censorship is now so strict that
wc know little of what is really happening. The mnster class is determined
to prevent us getting nny Information
regarding tho wolfftro of the workors
in other lands. The student of social
problems, however, !b in tho happy position of knowing what the workers of
other countries nre thinking. We hnve
now in Ihe world hundreds of thousands of well-informed working men
who ennnot bo tricked or deceived. A
flame if now blazing in tho honrts of
tho toiling nnd suffering millions thnt
nothing can quench. The policeman's
strike is London or tho Btriko of the
Laundry Workers in Vancouvor both
result in increased solidarity. Everything that happens from now ou until
Never Were Times
more so than now, by whieh we
mean it never waa more necessary to deal with a house that
really has the goods—the stock
you can rely on. Samples, now*
a-days, are no good.   They're all
Siht to take an order from but
r. Wholesaler is perhaps sold
oat and Mr. Tailor-man can't afford to lose yonr order, so fixes
you up "so'b you'll never know
the difference.1'
Ford Suits
are cut direct from the gieat
bolts of cloth, taken off the Ford
shelves, right before the customer's eyes. The customer
gets what he selects and nothing
else. The ford stock is a fine
stock. The Ford people think it
the finest in the city and, if
you'll call, they'll show you how
fine it is and the enormous variety in patterns and shades.
It 70a ate pricing the oity for a
new* custom-mads Fill Salt for yoar*
■elf or (snd) wife, yon will be doing
both of yoa sn injustice if yoa foil to
•tady tho Ford styles, qualities snd
prices.
Prlcee--
Women'a...M6, WO, IBS, MO
Men's 131, MO, MB, 180
Hastings
St. West
UNION
SHOP
Labor enters into possession of the
earth will increase the knowledge and
the power of the class to which we belong. All that the working, class ever
lacked since capitalism developed was
the will to be free. This will is the
only thing the educator should try to
produce, because the means of freedom
aro already in the workers' hands. He
can obtain possession of the reins of
power any time he desires. Tho working class is the essential class. The
other class ia about as useful as the
floag in a hobo's blanket The transformation that is about to take place is
simply the transforming of the parasite into a useful member of society.
Tho transforming of the working claas
into the ruling class and, consequently,
thc elimination of all classes and there-
EMPRESS THEATRE
WEEK OF SEPT. 18
"Song of Songs'
Featuring EDYTHB BLLIOTT
Prices life, SBc and BOc
fore all exploitation. This is coming
and quickly. Whether the change takes
place quietly or violently depends upon
the intelligence of the forces engaged.
The workers are responding nobly to
the task to which history has called
them, and in this generation the earth
will be thoirs and the fullness thereof.
The economic forces have decreed it,
and therefore we know that all opposition to the advance of the working
class will be ruthlessly wiped out.
PANTAGES
am m-HTV ■«■
"OLIVES •• a Bit Ifasical 0*
OOTAVIA HAXDWORTH
Other Bit Features
ORPHEUM
"THEATRE11
PLAYING ORPHEUM OIR.
OUIT VAUDEVILLE
Matinee...
Evening!.
2:30
.840
New City Market-Fish Department
Special in Salmon
Royal White Chinook
As Delicious as any of the Larger Fish Caught on the Ooaat
A whole "Chinook" either boiled or stuffed and baked  in   tho  oven
makes ns satisfactory a foundation for a dinner as you over placed beforc your family.
Sliced und fried for quick service it will tempt tbe appetite of any
man.
Whole Fish 8c per lb.   Cut 10'/zc per lb.
Did you know you could can salmon at home! Tou can, just the some
as you do vegetables, etc. Look it up. A "Chinook" canned will come
in bandy this winter.
Cured Fish
These ilsb have been cured) thoroughly under the eye of Old Country experts who know their business.
Smoked Biack Cod, por lb 17VaC
Smoked Salmon, per lb IV/_C
B. C. Haddie, per lb    16c
Food Control License No. 8-33077
FAEMBBS-1IAEKET OABDENBBS
Bring your produce to the City Market. Over 5000 peoplo a day
como here seeking to get garden products, otc., direct from the producer.
Bring your produce or writo today as to arrangements. AddTcss A. H.
Sherman, City Market, Vaucouver.
Registered
Smax Bread
EVERY TASTE A SMACK
"SMAX"»an ideal bread
for the household
Phone Fairmont 3000
UNION MADE
THE WOMEN'S
Cakes and Pastry
ARE WHOLESOME, NUTRITIOUS AND
UNION MADE
0
PHONE FAIRMONT 3000 PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY September 13, 1918
8S0 Different Fits Await
You Here in the REGAL Shoe
REALIZING that tens of thousands of men were wearing
shoes that did not really fit them, the Regal Shoe Company concentrated their efforts on a "less diversity of style
and more FITS—widths, lasts and sizes, in your kind of a
shoe."
The result has been the elimination of uncomfortable,
harmful, ungainly, and short lived shoes, gained byextensive
study of thc requirements of feet of all proportions instead of
the common proportions upon which shoes arc usually built.
You'll like this store that
buuehes its hits, and gives you
concentrated nction on a shoe
with a world-wide reputation
for putting regular, human intelligence bnck of every mode].
Give the REGAL a chauce to
mako good with you. Prices, 58
to *12.
The TARSIC Last
A last Hint allows your fivo toes to
"tnke li fo easy.'' Comfortable—
specially designed for the man who
enjoys walking or whoso feot go
■ • baok on him" in tho narrower
models. In black and brown kangaroo
or cherry cnlf.
Priced $11
WILSONS'
Exclusive Men's Store
157-159 Hastings St. W.
Near Cambie Btreet
REGAL SHOES
REGAL SHOES
Expose High Wage Tarn
Seattle—Boiler Makors Union No.
104, has run down one of tbo wild yarns
regarding high wages received by shipbuilders in this locality. One story
claimed that an employee in the Skinner & Eddy plant earned $115 in a single day. Investigation showed that the
wage was earned by four riveters.   It
was also found that the noxt day these
workors wore decidedly shy of "pep,"
Brewery Workers Gain
Wilkes-Barre, Pa.—Employees of
breweries in this locality have received wage increases of $1.50 a week. Insido employees will now bo paid $27;
drivers, $25.16, and firemen, $24.04.
'fEDEMTIONIST
Jericho Tea Gardens
Finest Bathing Beach around Vancouver—four
minutes' walk from end of 4th Ave. West car lines.
Good road right to beach." •
Bath Houses and Boating
Special Accommodation for Picnic Parties
BILL AMOS, Proprietor
Member of Loul 2647
A. 8. TJ. B. Carpenters
Editor B. 0. Fedorationist: Accord-*
ing to the preBs, the Bolsheviki, a small
political party in Russia, has secured
control of two million people. This fact
is causing a great deal of concern in
the press of this country, though why it
should do so is something of a mystery.
Have (we) not small political parties
ruling the destinies of overy country in
thc world. Some of them who have
climbed into power by rather shady
means; as witness tho charges made recently in parliament of irregularities
during the last olection. This political
trickery is regarded by most papers as
the acme of statesmanship, yet the Bolsheviki are looked upon as criminals,
because they are supposed to havo employed the same methods.
But this is not the worst crime of the
Bolsheviki. Thoy aro guilty of one
many times moro terrible; thoy are actually muking the bourgeoise work. The
Bolshoviki nre evidently mon who have
enjoyed to thc fullest "tho dignity of
Labor," and not wishing to hog that
dignity, they havo passed it on to the
bourgeoise.
Onc paper says: "The Bolsheviki hns
substituted for tho idleness of thc capitalist and tho aristocrat tho far more
terrifying idleness of tho red flag."
Idleness hns always beon the privilege of the exploiting classes, and it
must bc truly terrifying to them that
thc workers aro determined to assumo
that privilege. It means that whether
he likes it or not, overy man in Russin
will have to become dignified and labor
for himsolf. Tho bourgeoise of every
country impress the workers with their
talk of the "nobility of work," yet
thc Russian bourgeoise onjoy work so
much that their squeal has reached
even unto Canada.
Another press statement is that the
bourgeoise are being exploited by the
Bolshoviki. Could anything be more
foolish? Tho Bolsheviki, numbering
nearly one hundred and ninety millions
are living off the produco of the bourgeoise, who, at the outside will scarce*
ly number ten millions. There are many
rumors, coming from Russia, of starvation in that country; and it is little
wonder there is a famine there, if tbe
poople have to depend on the efforts of
the idle, scheming bourgeoise.
The Bolsheviki may or may not buc-
cccd in their aims, but they have nt
least accomplished one wonderful
thing;; they have made the bourgeoise
work.
OBSERVER.
Coal Creek, B. C.
was doing. Well, there was a nice
Bized crowd of people enjoying themselves, and especially the youngsters.
I don't know what tbe noble order of
Elks wants to butt into Labor Day for,
without it is to help the corporation to
burst it up. Both of them certainly
tried their best, but they didn't quite
make it. The corporations had a day
at Cumberland, under the name of First
Aid. A number of good Socialists helped them out in it.
Then the scab committee ran an excursion to Vancouver to help get tho
people out of town on Labor Day, and
since Labor Dny I have kept my eyes
and ears open among the men down the
mine to see if those faithful workers
thut went to Vancouver hnd beon contaminated with that disease you have
over there, known us organization. But
I cannot flnd one of them ns yot that
got thc infection. I think the company 's doctor must hnve inoculated
them before thoy left hore with antiunion serum. Thc only change I can
see, one of tho scab committee, a good
Revolutionary Socialist, landed n good
bosses' job herding Chinamen on tho
shakers. He is one of those Socialists
that believe in getting the good things
right now, and not waiting for the cooperative commonwealth, oven if you
havo to forego a fow principles. We
have quite a few of them kind of Socialists around hero, and a good job is
their price, and when thoy get it they
arc the tamest things you ever say.
Well, I was glad I went down to the
park. I found a different spirit there
than thero was at the company's ice
cream picnic a few weeks ago. Everybody tried to make his neighbor happy.
Tho speaking was good. Mr. Giolma
spoke a short time. He is not the fighting typo Hawthornthwaite and Rees
are, but perhaps he will get better
after he has been in politics for a
while, and finds out what a corrupt
mess he has got into. So I think the
Labor Party did woll seeing the combinations they were up against. And I
think the Labor Party is destined to be
a very important party in the near future, aB the people seem to be pretty
well fed up with the old parties and
the Union government.
J. HIXSON.
Nanaimo.
MEN!
Editor B. C. Federationist: As I have
been reading your paper for some timo,
and seeing the announcement of sports,
etc.,   at   Comox   Park,   I   thought   I
I would     go    down     to   Comox   Road
Park   ou   Labor   Day   to   seo   what
tt
i£M**--X>\s
NOTICE!
To United States Citizens in Canada
By the United States Military Service Convention Regulations,
approved by the Governor-in-Couneil on 20th August, 1918, Male
(VtiMBi of the United States in Canada, within the ages for the
time being specified by the Laws of the United States prescribing
compulsory military service, except those who have diplomatic exemption, are made subject and liable to Military Service in Canada,
and become, entitled to exemption or discharge therefrom, under the
Canadian Laws and Regulations. The regulations governing this
liability are published in the Canada Gazette (Extra) of 21st Aug.,
1918; oopy whereof may be obtained upon application through the
post to Ae Director of the Military Service Branch of the Department of Justice at Ottawa.
United States Citlsens of the description aforesaid who were in
Canada on 30th July, 1018, have sixty days from that date within
whloh to exercise an option to enlist or enroll in the forces of the
United States, or to return to the United States; and those who for
any reason subsequently become liable to Military Service in Canada
have thirty days from the date of the accruing of suoh liability
within which to exercise the like option. It is stipulated by the
Convention also that certificates of diplomatic exemption may be
granted within the optional periods aforesaid. Every citizen of the
United Stales to whom the regulations apply is required to report
to tbe Registrar under the Military Service Act, 1917, for the prov- '
inoe or district within which he is, in the manner by the regulations
prescribed, within ten days after the expiry of his optional period,
and will be subject to penalties if without reasonable excuse he fail
so to report. For the information of those whom it may concern,
Seotions 3 and 4 defining the requirements of registration, with
whioh it will be necessary strictly to comply, are set out substantially as follows:
REQUIREMENTS
S. Every male citlsen of the United -States within the ages for the Umt
being specified In the lawa of the United States prescribing compulsory
military service, not including those who have diplomatic exemption, within
ton dayi after the expiry of the time limited by the Convontion within which
tbe Governmont ot tho United States may issue him a certificate of diplomatic exemption, shall truly report, to, tho Registrar by registered post, and
lo writing which Is plainly legible, his name in full, hiB occupation and the
date of his birth; stating also whether he is single, married or a widower;
•Ad If tho latter, whether he has a child living, also If married, the date of
hli marriage; and stating, moreover his place of residenco and usual'post-
office address in Canada; and, if he reside within a city or place where the
streets and dwellings are named and numbered, the name and number of his
•treat and dwelling; or If he reside in another place, the lot and concession
number, section, township, orange, and meridian, or other definite description
whereby his plaoe of resldenoe may be located, having regard to the custom
of the locality ln which he lives; and If without reasonable excuse he
neglect or fall to report In the manner and with the particulars aforesaid,
within tho time limited as aforesaid, he shall be guilty of an offence, and
•hall be liable upon summary conviction to a penalty not exceeding Five
Hundred Dollars, and to imprisonment for any term not exceeding six
months, and moreover, he shall Incur a penalty of 110.00 for each day after
the time when or within whloh he should havo registered during which he
•hall continuo to be unregistered.
Editor B. C. Federationist: The first
Labor Day held by the Federated Labor
Party wob held in Nanaimo last Monday, and was a success. The crowd was
not as large bb it should have been, owing to other attractions; also difficult
to arrango transportation from the
Mainland. Tbo sports were good, the
kiddies had the time of their lives;
all round tho speakers made good;
our old friend J. H. Hawthornthwaite,
certainly rubbed it into the mon for
not organizing. Also paid his respects
to the stool pigeons, and gum shoe brigade. He told them the time waB not
far distant when there would be no
place for them on the earth.
Dnvc Reos spoke good on orgnnization. We had Mr. Giolma from Victorin. He spoke a short time fairly
well, but lacks a little of that revolutionary spirit. Thc day closed with a
good dance in Dominion hall, with .Ten-
son 'a orchestra nt 2 a. m. next morning.
J, HODGKINSON.
Nanaimo, Sept. 7, 1918.
m
4, Bveary U^tod States citlsen who has diplomatic exemption, although
not otherwise subject to theso regulations, shall within ten days after the
granting of the same truly report to Uu registrar, in like manner and with
ths NOM particulars as required by the lut preceding section; and ln addition he shall embody in his report a true and complete statement of the
particulars of his certificate of diplomatic exemption. Neglect or failure
without reasonable excuse to oomply with the requirements of this section
•hall constitute an offence punishable In the manner and by tbo penalties
provided ln the last preceding section.
Issued by the Department of Justice, Military Servioe Branch,
Editar B. C. Federntionist: I would
like to mako n fow remarks regarding
an article that appeared in tho Vancouver World of Sopt. 7. It was given by
the Kev. E. Thomas, who is on tho committee of the food board. Ho says that
thc churches can help in the conservation of food, by seeking to inculcate in
the peoplo a spirit of cheerful acquiescence. Submission is the right word.
That is all we are ever taught in thc
churches, nnd to allay the suspicion
that is supreme at prosent. I wonder
if Mr. Thomas thinks it is only suspicion, or if ho sees the spirit of rebellion
nrising in tho hearts of the people.
Howover, lie is going to curb it, whatever it is, and he is to start with thc
littlo children. Mr. Thomas says it has
to bo driven into tho minds of the soldiers' children that their daddy hns to
be fed also, and thc means to bo used
for the driving process is a fixedi bayonet. Ho goes on to tell us that children are full of romnnco, and soon there
is to be placed in the day schools a
striking picture of a child eating its
simple meal at its mother's knee, nnd in
tho background is a soldier going forwnrd with fixed bayonet. But why
make half u picture. I would .suggest
thoy put in the picture another woman
nnd child also another soldier going forwnrd with fixed bayonet, but facing the
opposite way, these children would get
the full romance of tho picture and understand that thc bayonet was meant
for the heart of the other child's
daddy. I would liko to stato here that
food conservation has been driven into
tho minds of the workers and their childron through their empty stomachs,
long beforo tlieybecume soldiers, nnd if
the food hogs and mon of Mr. Thomas'
type get to go on as they are doing,
the soldiers' kiddies will again lenrn
their lesson the samo way. Thoy aro
hard pressed now, without uny exaggeration. The soldiers do not get tho food
and sugar wo may deny ourselves, unless whon wo send a parcel direct; cut
down tho officers' rations and then
there will be moro to go round. Children have to forego their candy and jam
says tho food board.
Mr. Thomas says there hua been aome
complaint about the candy-makers getting their sugar, but he says for all
they need it is not worth while stopping
their supply, and besides it would
throw some hundreds of peoplo idle;
also the food bourd did not want to
make the manufacturers bankrupt. Oh
no. Thc children have to refrain from
eating sweetmeats, and the manufaotur*
ers have to be protected. Then who
gets thc candy 1 The women of the
wealthy clnssf I see chocolates at 76c
per pound, which does not come within
roach of the workers, and whnt about
ice cream? Mr. Thomas says essential
industries have to be kept going. Is
candy-making one of them? I say no,
and would suggest that tho peoplo that
would be thrown idle if it were stopped, could be used instead of tho
thousands of Chinese that Mr. Carvoll
wants brought into the country. The
fond bourd objects to the housewife
muking jam, and that also is to be left
to the iiitiimfiicttirers.
I see no romance in short rations and
fixed bayonets. Our men went from
their homes to protect tho children
from such things; are we to sit quiet
whilo a few cranks or tools try and use
those weapons to educate our children?
If the food beard must huve pictures, I
Some   Reasons   Why  We
Should  Get to
Business
[E. Kirk]
Many working people think this iB
not an opportune time to discuss such
questions as will affect us most when
peace has been declared. The general
opinion among them seems to be that
these questions will be seen in a stronger light after our armies are discharged. They do not sec that neglect on our
part to provide ourselves with useful
productive work for the days that aro
coming, when the shipyards, the mines,
und the munition plants close down for
the lack of orders, when to this army of
jobloss mon and women is added tho
armies from the front. A state that
must inevitably result in a wave of
crime, anarchy and civil war. If this
war ends some timo in 1910, and this
country is turned into a seething mass
of revolution, tho workera must blame
no other class but themselves if, at the
cioso of such a revolution they find
themselves worse off than ever. For it
has nover yet been proved that revolution benefits tho workers moro than
peacoful propaganda. And, again, there
are somo workers who think it is a
hopeless task to bring all the workers
together to discusB questions that may l_
help to lift them to a higher moral
plane with a larger share of the national
wealth. These people arguo that the
workers if not hopelessly ignorant are
divided by religiouB and political ideas
that will never bind them together. But
when I think of the people in Ireland
separated by religious, political and
historical beliefs and ideas which kept
them waging bitter and unrelenting
feuds against each other for generations—when I read that those people
could sit down peaceably on the most
momentous question which had kopt
them apart—Home Rulo—I have hopes
that the workers here, Iobs bitterly affected as they are by such beliefs, can
discuss and find solutions for the problems that must be solved some day.
Tho most satisfactory results can
only bo obtained by a convention of
the workerB, including returned soldiers
no mattor what their religious or political faiths may bo, to evolve some plan
that will give us the right to work,
whieh is more sensible than to puss resolutions about the hours of a working
day or the number of days in a working week.
There is no reason why thc workers
can not in thiB way find a solution to
this most important question and which
will satisfy a majority so that we can
pledge ourselves to that lino of action
which, with tho least troublo, will Btart
ub on a new era of civilization. Some
soldier friend may say that the government will look after thiB without any
trouble or our part. If anyone can
show me that the government has over
hinted at such a proposal I shall be
very grateful. And if uny soldier thinks
that a change of government is likely
to make provision for those who fought
for liberty and democracy, I might give
him a shock when I say tho present
government may reign until their heirs
are old enough to take thoir place. As
tho ruling class of society hiiB never invented a more perfect politicul machine
than tho coalition government is today.
Hitherto the ruling' clnss, through
wrong viewpoints, were divided in two
or more groups who were often opposed
to each other. But the necessities of
war corrected these lines of thought,
nud they are now united. As before,
they had to have two different political
parties to look after their interests,
with all tho expenses of keeping the
swarms of parasites who feed beat ot
election times, they can now dispense
with thoso who played the dirty trickB
necessary to pull one party out and
place anothor in. The only chango the
public may ever soe is whon tho press
may howl for tho recall of some member
whoso grcod was more apparent than
his generosity. The government may
fire such an offending member, but it
will never fire itself.
But, you will return, the constitution
of this country calls for a chango of
government every few years. Yes, that
is true. But the only one who ever
called for a chango of government was
the party sitting in opposition. But today there is no opposition, hence
thero'11 be no call. Tho people will
make tho call?   Possibly!   But how?
Now, ns overy now idea meetB with
abase and opposition until its strength
has been thoroughly tested (and even
then it may nover be adopted, so this
idea of a people's convention will bo
abused. My timid friends may point
out that any convention the workers
may have could easily be broken up by
tho hired tools of those who hate the
workers most. There is overy likelihood of such a contingency. And to
meet it I would say: Thoso of us who
know the workings of cause and effect
might make reasonable forecasts of just
such moves and by advertising them
among tho workers, we could very
largely dissipate tho force of them.
Mather than see this country bathed in
blood, or live through a reign of terror
us Russia must be going through, tho
workers should exhaust every ounce of
their surplus energy, every hour of
their leisure time in deliberating peacefully on some plan which will satisfy
the largest number. Man must work
out hiB own salvation. No one can save
him but himself. He decides his own
fate, makes his own dostiny, and as it is
bo with the individual, so it is with a
class. You have called yourselves
slaves; have you got it in you to bo
freo? Thero is only ono thing that can
help you to be freo and that is knowledge. And the best way to get knowledge is by conference. Will thc organized workors consider this in their
locals) Will tho returned soldier organizations give it their attention in
their meetings? It is only by their efforts that such a convention would be
possible.
Carpenters' White Overalls at $2.75
This is the best made and the best designed Overall for carpenters on the market today. Made with two hip and two front
pockets, swing apron with six pockets and special safety rule
pocket at side. Made of full weight ten ounce duck and with
double knees.
Khaki Oust or Warehouse Coats
A coat for warehousemen and drivers and the man that works
around his own car. Easy to pull on and off, an4 protects
your clothes. Made of strong twill khaki cloth with pockets
and side sashes.   Sizes 34 to 44.   Price $3.00
One-Piece Overall Suits to Sell at $4.00
This suit is made specially for boilermakers and machinists.
Two good makes, "Carhartts" and "Great West," in blue and
khaki.   Price  $4.00
Men's English Worsted Trousers, $7.50
These come in one shade and pattern only, a medium grey in a
fine stripe. No other store can match the make and quality
under ten dollars a pair, and in most stores more. Sizes from
32 to 44.   Price $7.50
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
Molders Locked Out
Knoxville, Tenn.—With ono exception every local stove manufacturer has
locked out employees who are members
of Molders Union No. 202.
Bartenders Gain
New
Haven, Conn.—The
Bartenders
Union
has secured  a now
agreement
with a
minimum rute of $2£
a week.
would suggest to bang them in thc halls
of tho legislature, boards of trade, man-
fneturers associations and such
places, the picture to bc fields red with
blood, and for a background tho politician and profiteers counting their gold
and beside them a parson with hands
rained in blessing. Just to drive into
thoir minds where their money is being
mndo today.  I remain, yours,
A SOLDIER'S WIFE.
THE PACIFIC GREAT
EASTERN RAILWAY
ANNOUNCEMENT
Effective Sept. 7th, Extra train
leaving North Vancouver for
Whyteeliff, Wednesdays and Saturdays at 2:22 p.m., will be discontinued,
THE TELEPHONE GIVES TOU MORE
ENERGY, MORE TIME
Conservation is the consideration abovo
all others thoso days. Wo aro getting bo
tbat bofore wo do anything wo think a
momont to find out If thore is any way
to savo something.
So when wo have need to tnlk to somo
one, wo think a momont, then ubo tho
telephone. Not only doos It give us direct, face-to-face communication, but wo
savo energy, wo savo time—two of tho
principal essentials. In fact, they are
tho greatest, for witb energy and time
wo cnn accomplish almost anything.
Consider what the telephone means to
you—as a convenience, os a utility, as
n necessity.
B. 0. Telephone Oompany, Ltd.
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—TWELVB NEW TABLES—
(Bruiwlek-Balkfl Collender Oo.)
-—Headaaarttra for Union Men—
Union-made   Tobaccos,   Cigars   ud
ClgiMttM
Only White Help Employed
42 Hastings St. East
OLELAND-DIBBLE ENGRAVING COMPANY
PHOTO ENGRAVERS — COMMERCIAL
ARTISTS
Pbone Sermonr 7169
Third Floor, World BaUdlns
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
—Tbe only Unton Shop in Vancouver—
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Opposite Leber Temple
VAHOOUVBR, 8. 0.
—Head-aaart-ars  for Ltbor Men--
Batee—76e and $1,00 per day.
$4.00 per weok and ap,
Oafe at Beaaonabu Batea
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 OEOBOIA STBBBI
One Block west of Court Homo.
Oie of Modern Chapel end
Funeral Farlon free to all
Fatroni.
Telephone lejmodr MU
THE BEST
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces t Ttat Dreamy Lather
ud Doea Not Dry oa the Face
DEMAND
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured In British Oolunbl*
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—MEETS
flrat and third Thursdaya. Executive
board: Preildent, E. Winch; vice-preei-
dent, J. Kavanagh; aeeretary and business
agent, V. R. Midgloy; treasurer, F. Enswlea;
sergeant-at-arms, J. F. Poole; truiteei, J.
H. MeVety, J. Hubble, A. J, Crawford, W.
A. Prltchard.
VANCOUVER UNIONS
ALLIED PRINTING TRADEB  COUNCIL—
MeeU leeond Monday ln the month. Preal*
dent, Geo. Bartley; aeoretary, R.  H, Neelanda, P.O. Box Ofl,
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS INTERNA-
tional Union of America, Loeal No. 120—
Meeta aecond and fourth Tuesdays ln the
month, Room 205, Labor Temple. President,
C. E. Herrltt; secretary. 8. H. Grant, 820
Cambie Street.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS, LOOAL
No. 617—MeetB every second and fourth
Monday evening, 8 o'clock, Labor Tomple.
President, M. McKenzie; financial seoretary,
G. Thom, 6 Dufferln Street East; recording
secretary, J. K. Campbell; business agent,
Walter Thomas, Room 206 Labor Temple.
Pbone Sey. 7405.
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpera of
America, Vanconver Lodge No. 104—Meeta
evory Monday, 8 p.m. President, M. A. Mo-
Enchern, 124S Alberni St.; secretary-tress-
uror, Angus Fraser, 1151 Howe St.; buBlneaa
agent, L. Cummins, Room 212 Ubor Temple,
HOTEL AND RE STAUKA N T~EMPLO YEES
Loal 28—Meets every first Wednesday ln
tho month at 2.80 p.m. and every third
Wednesday in the montb at 0.80 p.m. President, Harry Wood; secretary and business
agent, W. Mackensle, Room 200 Labor Temple. Phone Sey. 1681. Offlee hoan: 11 to
12 noon;  2  to 6 p.m.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
Operating Englneera,. Loeal No. 620—
Meets every Monday, 7.80 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, J. R. Flynn, 810 Moodle
street, Neiv Westminster; vice-president, D.
Hodges; secretary-treasurer and business
agent. W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor
Temple.    Phone Sey. 7485.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL NO. 218
■—Meets in Room 205, Labor Temple,
evory Monday, 8 p.m. Preaident, D. W.
MeDougall, 1102 Powell Street; recording
secretary, W. Foulkes, Labor Temple; financial secretary and business agent, E. H.
Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple; assist-
But socretary, F. R. Burrows.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMENTa^
soeiatlon, Loeal 8852—Offlce and ball, 804
Pender Street Weet. Meets evory Friday,
8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, F. Chapman;
business agent, A. Reed.
L.   A.,   LOOAL   3852,   AUXILIARY—
(Marine    Warehousemen      and      Freight
Handlers).   Headquarters, 152 Cordova East.
Meets flrst  and   third  Wednesday,    8   p.m.
Secretary and business agent, E. Winch,
AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTERS AND
Butcher Workmen's Union, No. 648—MeeU
flrat and third Tuesdays of each month,
Labor Temple, 8 p. m. President, Chas. P.
Hnggins; recording secreUry, J. Summers;
financial secretary and business agont, T. W.
Anderson, 587 Homer street.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
America (Vancouver and vicinity).—
Branch meots second and foarth Mondaya,
Room 201, Labor Temple. Preaident, J.
Banforth, Euclid Ave., Colllngwood East;
financial scciotary and business agent, H. 8.
Nlgbtscales, 276—56th Ave East, South Vancouver; recording seoretary, E. Westmoreland, 3247 Point Groy road. Phone Bay-
view 2979L.
SHIPYARD LABORERS,
Riggers, I. L. A.
. FASTENERS AND
_ _.. Local Union 86A, Series
Meets tbe 2nd and 4th Fridays of the
montb, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, J,
N. Boult; financial secrotary, M, A. Phelps;
business agent and corresponding secretary,
W. Loe. Offlce, Room 219-220, Labor
Temple.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM-
ployees, Pioneer Division, No, 101—Meets
Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. Preaident, W, H. Cottrell;
treaiurer, E. 8, Cleveland; reeordlng iecretary ,A. V. Lofting, 2561 Trinity itreet,
Pbone High. 168R; financial secretary and
business agent, Fred. A. Hoover, 2409 Clark
drive, offlce oorner Prior and Main etreeU.
GENERAL TEAMSTERS^ ^^~CHAUF:
fours Union, Local No. 655—MeetB every
2nd and 4th Wednesdays 8 p.m. President,
W. M. Brown; business agent, J. F. Poole,
245—19th Ave. East. Phone Fair. 2109X.
Financial secretary, Bert Showier, 1120
Robson St. Phone Sey, 5679. Offlce, 587
Homer St.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 226—Meets
_ last Sanday of each month at 2 p.m. President, R. Marshall; vice-president. W. H.
Jordan; secretary-treasurer, R, H. Neelanda,
Box 65.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOB—Meett In
annual convention ln January. Exeeatlve
officers, 1916-19: Preildent, Duncan McCallum, Labor Temple, Vaneonver; vice-presidents—Vancouver Island, Walter Head,
South Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; Prince
Rupert, W. E. Thompson; Vanconver, K.
Winch, W. R. Trotter; New Westminster, P.
Peebles; West Kootenay, Maroui Martin,
NeUon; Crows Nest Pass, W. A. Sherman,
Fernie. Secretary-treasurer, A. B. Weill,
Labor Temple, 406 Dunsmuir itreet, Vancouver, B, 0.
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES AND
Labor Council—Meets first and third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias Hall, North
Park streot, at 8 p.m. President, B. Simmons; vice-president, T. Dooley: lecrettry-
treasurer, Christian Siverts, P. 0. Box 802,
Victoria, B. C.
SOUTH WELLINGTON, V. I.
LOOAL UNION, No. 872, U. M. W. of A.-
Meets flrst Sunday ln every month 8 p.m.,
Richards Hall, President, Jaa. Bateman;
vice-president, Andrew Parker; recording
secretary, Jas, Fearon; flnanclal secietary,
William MacDonald; treaaurer, J. H. Richardson.-
______ _______ »■ o.
PRINOE R0PERT TRADES AND LABOB
Counoil—Meets seeond and foarth Tuesdays of each month, ln Carpenters' hall.
Preildent, 8. D. Macdonald; aeeretary, W. E.
Thompson, Box 278, Prince Rnpert, B. 0.
—FEDERATIONIST PHONE-
SET. 7495
AFTER 6 p.m.—SEY. 7497K FBIDAY..— September 13, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
High School Suits
With First Long Trousers
At $15.00, $18.00, $20.00 and $22.50
SPECIAL ATTENTION iB
given in our Men's Clothing Department to the
goung man getting into long
trousers for the first time,
and you will find here a
* beautiful range of High
School Suits in every new
model particularly designed for them, and with special fitting qualities. These
suits are decidedly smart
and tnilory in appearance)
at the same time they are
built with an eyo to long
service. The patterns in
this range are very attractive, and you will proclaim
them the smartest "first
longs" to bo seen in the
city. The values are unbeatable. In the Men's
Olothing Section at $15,00,
•18.00, S20.00 and
$22.50
You Save $5 on These Boys' Bloomer Suits—$15.00
Value for $9.95
AN EXCEEDINGLY smart range of Boys' School Suits,
nobby tweeds in medium, light and dark shades, in both stripe
and Donegal effects, with heaps of style and service in them.
Fashioned in the very newest models. Some with patch pockets, and loose belts; others have the new spread pleat back
with three-piece belt. The values are truly wonderful, and
you'll not find as good suits within many dollars more than
our special priee for tomorrow's selling. 4JO QC
$15.00 values for «P«7.<t/D
Boys' Bloomers of Extraordinary Quality, $4.50
Value for $2.95
THIS LOT of bloomers is made from ends of men's suitings,
hence they are of a quality not usually found in Boys' Bloomers. A wide range of most attractive tweeds from which to
choose. This is a rare opportunity that many parents will
take advantage of to secure bloomers of super
qunlity at a great saving.   Worth $4.50 for	
Canada Food Board Licenses—B-1482, 8-14590, 10*4436, 11-163
IMlir^soniBauCompai^^
V^.    J    ,^_ mtMWWi  ura     rmsurr I suasitSt. imn mhhiiiihux   |  |   , \ ^*~w I
Granville and Georgia Streets
$2.95
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCORPORATED 1866
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up
 $25,000,000
 $14,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 15,000,000
Total Assets ...$360,000^)00
518 branches in Canada, Newfoundland and British Weit
Indies.
Also branches in London, England, New Tork Oity and Barcelona, Spain.
Twelve branches in Vancouver:
Main Offlce—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Robson Streets.
t Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Corner Granville and Seventh Avenue West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Also—North Vanoouver, New Westminster and 27 other points
in British Columbia.
SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO SA VINOS ACCOUNTS
One dollar opens an account, on which interest is paid half-yearly at
current rates.
THOS. PEACOCK,
Manager Vaneonver Branch
O. W. FRAZEE, Vaneoaver,
Supervisor for B.O.
Fresh Out Flowen, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, Ornamental anl Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS ADD NURSERYMEN
2—STORES—2
48 Hastings Street Eut, Sey. 988*478 — 728 Granville Street, Sey. 9613
Taste is the Test
Of the Drinks that are Best
—BUT THB PRODUCTS OF THE—
-VANCOUVER BREWERIES, LTD.-
Because they sre equal er hotter than any other similar products, let
them come from where they msy
-ASK FOR-
Cascade Beer
THE BEER WITHOUT A PEER
Alexandra Stout
Silver
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THE DUNK THAT SATISFIES
S«ver SoDA WATER
PULL LIN^ PUBE FEUIT FLAVOB8
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
PAGE SEVEN
WASHINGTON EMPLOYERS
TAK* UNFAIR ACTION
Employers Attempt to Amend Compensation Act Is Frustrated by
'   O. B. Case of Seattle
For the purpose of suggesting changes
in the Workmen's Compensation Act
of Washington, a nieeting of employers, called by the Stato Industrial Insurance Commission, was held in the
Chamber of Commerce lust Wednesday,
The employers of tho city were well
represented at the meeting.
Charles B. Case, city superintendent
of streets, who was sent to the meeting
as a representative of the eity board of
public workB, which waB invited as an
employer of labor, vigorously protested
against amendments to the law in
which the workers were so vitally interested, being selected at a meeting at
which only employers of labor were
present. As & result of this protest, it
was decided to submit the matters involved to a committee of 14, seven employers and seven employees, to be hereafter seleoted.
TRIAL NOT A FAIR
Member of I.W.W. Now at
Leavensworth Writes
Federationist
The Federationist is in recepit of a
letter from onc of the members of the
I. W. W. now in Leavensworth penitentiary, who waa sentenced recently
in Chicago.
Commenting ou tho trial, he says out-
sido of the charge to tho jury by Judge
Landis, despite the statement of the
daily_ press, the trial was anything but
a fair one. He says: "Every letter
from 1905 that anyono may havo
wroto, no matter how personal their
views were embodied iuMt, they were
allowed in, and were supposed to show
the state of mind of men on trial, men
who joined as lato as 1917. (The unfairness of this needs no emphasis.)
"Tho judge's instructions to the
jury were about fifty-fifty. He
structed the jury to pay no attontion to
all tho ovidenco admitted that did not
come within the period of the indictment. We are asking if it was not evidence, then why was it allowed in at
all? Then ho weut on to soy we had
a right to striko as in times of peace
for better conditions, but, if our act,
although lawful, resulted in an unlawful act, wo were guilty. Now on this
ruling the right to strike is a thing Of
tho past in the United States, as all the
appropriation acts that givo the government its war material can be used
against any person or union that goes
on striko, which was done in our
case."
Continuing, he says: '' Conspiracy
against the government, no! A conspiracy against the Industrial Workers
of the World! By whom? The lumber trust and the copper and oil trusts.
For what? Interfering with their pro-
iits by making the camps clean and
shortening hours and raising pay, and
protesting against working in unsafe
mines. We all pleaded not guilty, and
the evidonce showed where officials
advised calling off of strikes in some
places. Others wrote there was no war
talk in the hall; it wns disallowed. So
no other conclusion can bo drown. Wo
are sent to the penitentiary because wo
belonged to a revolutionary union that
the bosses having the might desired to
crush. But not yet! This verdict and
the unjust sentences have^ given every
liberty loving worker a new spirit of
determination.''
W. D. Haywood has given out the
following statoment:
"I have no fault to find with Judge
Landis, and none of tho rest of ub
have," said Haywood, at tho County
jail. "He was fair to us, absolutely
square throughout tho whole trial. His
instructions were fair, I thought, and
certainly he treated us excellently while
the trial was in progress.
"Everything possible that could be
dono for us during tho trial was done.
This is shown by Judge Landis letting
about seventy of us out of jail on our
own recognizances. I am glad that
none of ub violated the confidence reposed in us, but that all wore on hand
for the final day,
"I think if the jury had followed instructions there would have been a different story. I hopo the next steps
will be taken quickly. If .our motion
for a new trial is denied, we shall, of
course, appeal.
"Wo are still good I. W. W., all of
us. Everyone is still loyal to our organizations. Wo look upon our conviction as merely an incident in tho history of the I. W. W. Iu reality we
regard the organization as only born
yesterday, and aro sure it will flourish,
We'ro not for Germany, as they snid
wo were. For ine, I'd liko to seo tho
Kaiser licked off the faco of tho
globo."
Miners Olve Their Lives
Washington — Miners aro risking
their lives to win the war, us well as
the suldior boys at thc front, says thc
federal bureau of mines, in a report on
the loyulty of America's coal diggers.
"In the year 1917, tho last for which
statistics are available, 209(i miners
gnvo up their lives whilo digging coal
to win the war. Unfortunately the
government docs not tabulate tho casualties of tho minors as it does of the
soldiers. If tho number of injuries
could bo shown, they would indicate
thnt raining, perhaps, is as hazardous
us war. Yet the miner goes about his
work with the samo enthusiaam und the
samo fearlessness as the boys 'over
thero,' and is surely doing his part toward winning the war," says the bureau.
Tho lone miner in his working
place, tearing the coal from itB resting
place, knows more cool means moro
guns, moro ships, more munitions, and
that these mean victory and the saving
of tho lives of their brothers who are
fighting across tho seas."
Coopers Organizing
Chicago—Low wages and long hours
have awakened unorganized coopers in
this city who are now heeding the advice of tke Coopers International Union.
Bent Profiteers
Boston—Rent profiteers may have
their property seized by a eommission
just appointed, Under war legislation
the governor haB power to seize a wide
variety of property, and it is intended
to investigate charges of rent profiteering.
SOCIALIST PARTY OF
Opposes Kaiserism in Germany or Other
Lands
Reply to Statements Made
by National Security
Leaguers
Chicago—"Our record of opposition
to the German kaiser was consistent,
continuous and uniform beforo the war.
It will continue until the kaiser is dethroned. We shall attack the institutions of kaiserism, no matter where
they appear, until they are baniBhed
from the face of the earth."
With this declaration the Socialist
Party, through its national executive
committee here, has thrown down the
gauntlet to the imperialists and exploiters of America and their press,
who have carried on a continuous campaign against the Socialist Party in en
effort to create prejudice against it,
charging it with pro-Germanism and
with being a willing tool of kaiserism,
un-American and disloyal.
Tho declaration has been issued in
the form of a letter to tho National
Security Loague, which addressed a
hypocritical declaration to tho national
conforonco of Socialist officials and the
notional executivo committee here,
stating that the leaguo is not opposed
to the Socialist party any more than
it is opposed to the Domocrats and Republicans. The letter, giving the reply of the Socialist Party, is in part
as follows:
Speaks for Propertyiess
The Socialist party assumes to
speak for that class whose contribution
to this war must of necessity consist
of all they have. The propertyiess
make the supremo sacrifice, whereas
thc service rendered by your members
to the governmont in winning tho war
consists of construing honest criticism
of tho war managers as treason, and
reasonable suggestions regarding it as
sedition. The real lawbreakers and the
real traitors are thoso who are reaping millions of profit as a rosult of the
war; who, not by harmless words, but
by predatory acts and conscienceless
doeds, have embarrassed tho governmont to the extent that the direction
of industry is being taken from them.
They havo resisted evory proposition to
disgorge oven a portion of the' vaat
profits they have wrung from the nation's diBtress, and are even now, by
powerful lobbiea in the national Capitol, seeking to evade their just share
of tho public burden.
"The opposition of the Socialists of
America to German imperialism and
the kaiser is historic; it dates from
the flrst opportunity we over had of expressing our abhorrence to a government whose power wus derived from
hereditary succession. The members of
your league, and many of those who
support it, have entertained most extravagantly and lavishly, and with overy
indication of approval and commendation, the personal roprosontativo of the
Hohenzollerns, Prince Henry.
Entertained by Kaiser
"Another member of your league,
Theodore Roosevelt, waa entertained
by Emperor Wilhelm in Berlin, and accepted as a present from him a life-
sized autographed painting of tho
kaiser, which was later burned by indignant citizens of Oyster Bay, During and before this time Germany, under the old emperor and Bismarck, was
persecuting Bebel and the elder Liebknecht and many other Socialists because they stood for human liberty and
democracy. These persecutions were
always approved and lauded as perfectly proper by certain members of your
league, and tho great papers which
wero owned and supported by thom.
All this timo the Socialists of this country and of other countries have consistently, persistently and unremitting-
ly^ fought the kaiser and the kings,
princes and dukes upon whose petty
political hereditary power his usurped
right of rulership is based.
"Another member of your league,
Mr. Nicholas Murray Butler, received
Prussian decoration from tho kaiser
a token of his personal affection.
Vet, in spite of this; your organization
nttorapts a censorship over the views
of the only genuine anti-autocratic
party in tho United States—the Socialist Party.
"We assert that your league is destitute of any genuino democracy or it
would not admit 1<> membership any
man who had received favors from tho
kaiser or other autocrats. They may
burn the Prussian decorations and
gifts they gladly accepted, but thoy
cannot burn tho record which reveals
their views.
Socialists Voiced Opposition
When PHnco Jlcnry of Prussia in
1902 visited this country and was ac-
claimed a prince »t* peace and amity,
dined and feted by those who nro of
your league, the vuico of the .Socialists nlono was raised in protest. The
protest of the Socialist membors of the
Massachusetts Legislature are on record
and may be read by any of your membors who care to consult the journal of
that body.
The burden rests with the National
Security League tu explain tho connections of some leaguo members wilh the
ruling class of Germany. A constant
profession of loyalty docs not wipe
out these connections.
The Socialist Party was tho first
political organization in the United
States that adopted a programme in
conflict with German imperialism. By
Mny, 1915, German armies had crushod
Serbia and Belgium and conquered a
large portion of France. In that
month the Socialist party of tho United
States issued a proclamation thut hus
challenged the attention of tho world.
While Gorman imperialism was boasting of its conquests, wo declared for
'no forcible annexations, no punitive
indemnities and free determination for
ull peoples."
"Tho principles were later proclaimed by free Russia, thon by the interallied Socialists and favorably received
by President Wilsou. Thus our party
wus tho first since the beginning of the
war to declare tho death knell of Ger-
mun imporial ambitions.
The Nntionnl Security   League   aad
DISCRIMINATE AGAINST
WORKERS JOINING UNION
Seattle Offlce Workers Are Now Or-
*•" ganiring in Shipyards
Between 60 and 70 office workers
from various shipyards in Seattle en-
Tolled as members of a union formed
last Friday night at a meeting called
for that purpose by Charles W. Doyle,
organizer for the American Federation
of Labor. Application for charter will
bo made at once.
We sure need a union if we are to
keep our wages and working conditions
in the offico on a par with those of the
men out in the yards," said one of the
members.
It was reported that several men
have been discharged from one of the
shipyard offices since signifying their
intentions of joining the union. J. F.
i*-uthie's was named as the offlce in
question. Mr. Duthie is in the east, bnt
wires have been sent him requesting
him to instruct his offlce superintendent
to reinstate the men at once.
WOMENININDUSTRY
AND EQUAL PAY
Women Are Not Being: Paid
, Equal Pay for Equal
Work
At a recent meeting of the stato
chairmen of tho women's committee of
thc Couneil of National Defense, which
waa held in Washington, Miss Nellie
Swartz, of the Now York women in Industry Committee of the Council, made
a report ou equal pay for the women
war workers of her state. The report
follows an investigation recently completed. She said that the women of
New Tork receive from three cents to
ten cents an hour loss than the men.
She spoko of an investigator who saw
a man and a girl doing the same work
on timo ranges for guns. The investigator was told taht the rate of pay
was $35 per week for tho man, and $30
per week for the girl. She was told
that tho output of the girl wob twice
as great as that of the man although
she was receiving $5 per week less pay.
This injustice is ,according to the investigators creating much discontent
and unrest among the womon working
in thc factories that are handling government contracts. This unrest is augmented by a lack of propor adjustment
betwoen wagos in the various departments of these factories. For instance,
in ono department tho investigators
found beginners earning $20 a week, a
wago considerably higher than that of
experienced workers in another department.
Miss Swartz emphasized the necessity of raising tho standards of the
girls who are now paid only $8 and $10
a Wieok, as the wage is insufficient for
healthful living.
From other sources come similar reports. In machine shops all over tho
country young boys with no training at
all aro being takon on at a beginner's
rato of 31 cents an hour, while women
with machine experience and good habits of work aro taken on for 20 cents
an hour. This makes for discontent
and ill-feeling among tho wonicu which
in turn results in curoless work. Elevator men are paid from $15 to $25 n
weok, and now womon nnd girls aro
being used to replace thom at wages
which run from $9 to $12 a week. The
manager of one of tho largest rotail
stores in the country was asked not
long ago to explain this discrepancy as
it appears on his own pny roll.
He answered promptly, "tho women
do not do the same work as the mon,
while tho men clean thoir cars thc girls
only operate the cars." Tbis sounded
well, but when further inquiry was
made it turned out that the elevator
operators are not supposed to clean or
repair their cars and do not in fact
do so.
The Partnership
One troublo of thoso who talk about
the partnership between capital and
Labor is their lock of knowledge how
tho partnership is conducted by those
who control cupital. It may be a partnership of a certain kind, but where
capital makes all of tho rules and insists that this is ita right inasmuch as
it owns the capital, and Labor is forced
to accept thOBo rulea without quostion,
the quality of the partnership established is not calculated to givo satisfactory dividends to those who toil for
wages and who constitute by far the
majority of this so-called partnership.—
Molders' Journal.
Patronize B. C. Foderationist advertisers, and tell them why you do so.
similar organizations have not accepted, and will nut accept this programme
Your attitude would lead to the con-
elusion that you would do to the
American poople whin the German imperialists have (looc to tin- Gorman
people.
"We are cognizant of the fiu'lnfiill
outrages upon Belgium ami the ralhloas
and  merciless  war upon the tree gov-j
eminent   of   Russia,   wliich,   starved. [
beaten,    overwhelmed    and    prostrate, j
was forcod to conclude a shameful and
humiliating   peace;   thn  overthrow  of
tlie Finnish labor republic; thc execution in that country of over 7,000 workingmen in cold blood, the imprisonment
of 75,000 others, and the announced intention of imposing u Gorman princo
on Finland.
"Our record of opposition to the
Gorman kaiser wus consistent, continuous and uniform bofore thc war. It
has been more pronounced and insistent
daring tho war. It will continuo until
tho Kaiser is dethroned. We shall attack the institutions of kaiserism no
matter whero they appear until thoy
nre banished from the fnee of thc
earth.
"The Socialist Party is interested in
a general democratic peace, and in so-
curing the return of our boys and the
boys of other politicnl faiths to peuco-
ful pursuits. Whilo thoy go into service abroad, we owe it to thom to oppose the plans of any group of persons
who would transform theso sacrifices
into an intolerable autocracy at home."
The national executivo committee
was united upon this declaration. It
is the only statement supplemental to
the St, Louis proclamation that will
lie issued at this time. The 1918 congressional progrnmmo, whieh will be
ready soon, is exclusively a programme
relating to peace and reconstruction.—
The World, Oakland, Cal.
ftiP^effiRSlSM
- rf**^^5 ~--*-^^^*^^-***-^^---^
CANADA'S REPRESENTATIVE PIANO
The BELL
THE LOGICAL AND STEADY GROWTH OF
THE
Bell Piano
IN POPULAR FAVOR
is an instance of what an unswerving adherence
to the highest ideals and thorough knowledge of
accoustics can accomplish.
Every college, school and conservatory throughout Canada, where the BELL PIANO is used extensively, declare that for absolute durability,
staying power, and beauty of tone, thc Bell piano
excels all others.
BUILT ON HONOR by skilled craftsmen, the
BELL PIANO satisfies the most critical musical
taste and endures a lifetime.
TERMS IF DESIRED.
MOINTELIUS 324 328
piano House ii? <-w*viuj. St.
ifcg-^gJPSSBSSBBWSgSSB
Canadian Northern Railway
TBAN800KHKBNTAL
Lowest Possible Passenger Fares
—to—
EASTERN DESTINATIONS
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendants
Travel Comfort
Consult Our Nearest Agent or Write
DISTBIOT PASSENOEE AOENT, 605 HASTINOS W„ VANCOUVEB
Telephone Seymour 8482
Two oif the best all-union eating-houses in
Vancouver—the
Good Eats Cafe
AU That the Law WiU Allow
We Dewrre Trade Union PMronif *
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St West, or 622 Pender West
OOWAN   &   BROOKHOUSE
PEIHTESS ADD'FUELISHEBS
Fiintui to Tie reduattonut
Tha  Federatlonist   la   produced   from
—   —.—   aewspaper   printing   plant.
T.B. CUTHBERTSON 4 00.
lien's Hatters and Outfitters
•SO Oranrille Street
dlt HaMnp Straet Wast
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
B"The Home of Good Shoes*
OARDSMS
649 Hastings.w.  near gmnvhxe.
Boys' SCHOOL BOOTS—Truly a wonderful value. The upper
is a good weight box calf, sown with the nun-ripping lockstitch; Blucher cut, lncod. Tho solo is genuine oak tanned
leather, hand sewn nnd pegged. Sizes 11 to 5 1-2. An ng
Hegulnr $4.50.   Special   «P«Jee50
MEN'S BOOTS—A neat dress shoe, with closely trimmed
Goodyear welt sole and upper of line velour calf. Regularly
priced at $7.50.   Special for Saturday, A .i  B?/*
per pnir  ap-TewV
MEN'B OXFORDS—A lino of men's Oxfords tu clear nt less
than factory cust. Built on the popular English last, wilh recede toe, leather nr Neolin soIch. &A _\f\
lingular price $7.00, for ap-TeDl/
MEN'S WORK BOOT—Solid loathor counter, lied, lip nnd
doublo sole. Double locked stitched, Built I" A[J (\f\
wear, but not too houvy.   Prico  "ipD.VvJ
A Sale of All Women's
White Footwear
All Womon's White Canvas Pumps.   Regular A*|   _\t_\
vnlues $3.00, to clenr at  Jple'JfO
All Womon's White Canvas l.iice Bunts; in spurt ur dressed
styles.   Regular vnlues tu $5.00, An ap
to clear nt    apAieSID
All Womon's White Canvas Oxfords; Goodyear welt soles.
Regular values $.H,50.   Tu clear at, An ng
per pair yuiJU
All Womon's Whito Rolgnskin Boots; 0-lnch lace tops, with
spurt, walking ur Louis heel. Mt  £_r*
lteg. values $7.75, to clear at, per pair tP^feOD
WOMEN'S PUMPS—We are showing u new range of beautiful pumps. They aro shown in tho perfectly plain stylo;
alsu with smnll ornament.   Pino Fronch     A/J 1  An
kid ur patent colt.   Por pair «P" HIKI JpO
WOMEN'S OXFORDS—These smart Oxfords for Fall woar
hnve tho Goodyear welt solo ond stylish Louis heel. Mndo by
.T. & T. nol! or Vnssar.   Tho quality is       A/J 1   AQ
indisputable.    Tho price, por pair *fv £1110  «J>0 PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
...September 13, 1918
The Pioneer Union Store
"Home of Hart Schaffner A Marx Clothes" T
Claman's
Limited
163 HASTINOS STBEET WEST
Under "Our Right
Selling Plan"
which means greater value always
Men'sUnionMadeOveralls
ALL SIZES-ALL COLORS
$1.85 pair
Combination Overalls
ALL SIZES-KHAKI ONLY
$3.70 suit
Overalls- with or without bib, and all garments
bear the UNION LABEL and our guarantee.
1
Should Aldermanic Vacancy
Occur a Candidate Will
Be Placed in Field
The last meeting of the Fodernted Labor Party discussed and1 adopted following resolution: "In the event of any
resignations from the eity counoil, the
party shnll proceed to nominate a candidate for tho vacancy." Should this
occur, the membership of the "ward in
question will be called together for the
purpose of selecting a candidate.
Two vacancies on the Vancouver exocutive committeo were filled at last
meeting, the new committee men being
The Pleasure--
of feeling dressed
correctly   -   -
Will be your experience
if you wear one of our
New Fall Suits.
No matter how es&cting
you may be, you'll find a
Suit here to meet your every
requirement.
Shop of—
"tetjton-C&raft"
0
Thos. Foster
& Co., Ltd.
514 Granvillo Street
Mr. Walter Head, of the Steam Engi
neers, and Mr. Angus Mclnnes of the
Street Railwaymen's Union. Intereat
in the organization of the party is
steadily increasing, and' this is particularly evidenced in the Sunday evening
meetings. Next Sunday the speaker
will be Dr. W. J. Curry on '' The Forces
Making for Social Democracy." The
weekly organ recitah have led to a demand for vocal at well as instrumental
music, and there is a prospect of what
is termed "congregational singing" in
the near future.
The Edmonds branch will hold a
meeting on Thursday, 12th inst., when
J. S. Woodsworth and B. P. Pettipiece
are billed aa. speakers, and the New
Westminster branch have their public
meeting on Friday evening, when Dr.
W. J, Curry and Chas. Lestor will occupy the platform together with the
local men.
Laundry Workers On Strike for
Recognition and Minimum Wage
(Continued From Page 1.)
aettlement in thc near future,
"Yours truly,
\       "HELENA GUTTEEIDGE.
Section 2, Order-in-Council, Referred to
in Letter
2. That all employees have the right
to organize in trades unions, and this
right ahall not be denied or interfered
with in any manner whataoever, and
through Iheir chosen representatives
should he permitted and encouraged to
negotiate with employers concerning
working conditions, rates of pay, or
other grievances.
No reply wns received to the letter.
Evidently practising what he preaches
is not one of the strong points of our
Federal member, Mr. Sandford J.
Crowe.
With the dirty linen of Vancouver
accumulating to an alarming extent,
and all thu laundries closed down, the
laundry proprietors havo the pleasure
of seeing their Oriental competitor, the
Chinaman, reaping a somewhat better
harvest than usual, while the women
and man who usually spend thoir dayB
in n hot steam laundry, are demonstrating their belief in collective bargaining nnd united action.
Thnnks aro due the members of organized lnbor for the sdpport they are
giving the luuiidry workers, and the
i\ind started by the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council is growing steadily.
Fred Knowles  Back
Freddie  Knowles is back from the
Associated Lotter barriers convention
and  will resume  his walk   with   the
mail.
REGULATIONS AS TO
TRAVEL TO U. S. A.
Things That Must Be Done Before Going to the United States
At the request of many enquiries
amongst our readers aB to the regulations required to be fulfilled before
they can visit friendB in the United
Statea, we publish the following for
their information:
Any person between the ages of 18
and 45 may visit the United Statea providing he or she fills up the form supplied by the immigration authorities.
No British subject is, however, allowed to work in the United States unless he obtains special permission from
Ottawa'
i*9
Aft
55
II
Nothing Very Striking Expected from the Gathering This Year
Local Delegates Leave to
Represent Local
Unions
On Monday next the 34th annual convention of the TradeB and Labor Congress of Canada will convene in the
historic city of Quebec. The eyes of
the workers of Canada have in past
years been turned towards these annual
conventions for a guidance aB to their
activities, as to whether they will get
any inspiration from thia one, remains
to bo seen. It may be that the next
convontion will go to Winnipeg. President Watters, while in that city last
week, stated that he could see no objection to thia point being chosen as thc
next convention city.
The Fedorationist would welcome a
change in the constitution to make Con
gresB more wieldy and less cumbersome,
and a few weeks ago made a suggestion
along those lines. Whether any attempt
to re-construct Congress will be made
this year, remains to be seen, but wo
havo little hope of anything savoring
of a constructive policy will bo attempted thia year.
The following local men have left to
attond the convention: Victor R. Midgloy and J. Kavanagh, representing the
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council;
Geo. Hardy, representing the U. B. Carpenters; Dave Rees, representing thc
United Mine Workers; J. Taylor, representing the International Longshoremen from Victoria. Christian Sivertz
is representing the Victoria Trades and
Labor Council.
A. S. TJ. B. Carpenters
The Amalgamated section of the U.
B. Carpenters held thoir regular meeting on Tuesday evening. The semi-annual election of officers wes hold at this
meeting. J. G. Smith was elected pre
sident. Tho question of assistance to
the Laundry Workera was dealt with
by tho taking of a collection, $21 being
realized, and at the next meeting, the
matter will be' attended to after the
local has settled the question of making
new financial arrangements. Executive
Board Member W. A. Cole uddressed
the meeting, nnd gave considerable information as to the movement over tho
line.
TRADES UNIONISTS!
See that the bread served on your table is
UNION BAKERY
BREAD
You'll flnd it the best bread sold in Vancouver.
The ingredients used are thc best on the market—
they're mixed in the proper proportions—expert
bread makers superintend every part of the operations.
Your patronage means support of a co-operative
trades unionist movement.
Thc Union Bakery is owned and controlled by trade
unionists, who are working on a co-operative basis.
Try onr Hand-made Bread—it'« delicious—keeps far
better than ordinary bread.
Union Bakery bread can be bought from your grocer.   Ask for it.   Tf he don't have it, call up
Union Bakery Ltd.
Commercial Drive and 4th Avenue
Phone Highland 2146
TeamBters and Chauffeurs
Twenty-three members wero initiated
at the lust regular meeting. Negotiations are now in progress with several
firms regarding the new wago pcale and
members are asked to look for notico regarding a special meeting, which will
be published in the daily press.
Gas Workers
The Gas Workers met in the Labor
Temple Wednesday night. Soven now
members were initiated and the secretary reports a very good turnout of all
members. A new set of bylawB was
brought up. The treasurer was notifiod
to send tho Laundry Workers $25 to
holp them out in thc present strike.
Masters and Mates
The Royal Commission which is investigating the conditions under which
the mastors and mates arc employed is
about to bring in its first report on
some of the questions brought bofore
it. Full details will most likely be
published in our next issue.
Street Railway Employees
The advisory board of the Street and
Blectric Railwaymen, representing the
three divisions, held a meeting on
Thursday lo discuss some adjustments
that are needed in the wago scale in
connection with tho mechanical department.
Lingerie
Blouses
at $4.50
This new collection is
replete with a wide
range of favored
styles in materials of
dainty texture, The
following are among
others represented:
Blouse in pull-over style,
made witli V neck and
square collar; front is pin
tucked and lias two deep
cross tucks which arc
hemstitched. The neck is
finished with a black tie—
$4.50.
Blouse in pull-over style,
with round neck, buttoned shoulders and with
front trimmed with motifs
of imitation filet and
small floral embroidery;
sleeves are long—84.50.
UWT»
575 Granville 9hone Sey. 3540
PRESSFEEDERS OF OITT
JOIN WITH PRESSMEN
Two-thirds of tlie Membership Ib Now
in France, Serving with
the 0. E. F.
Tho Press Feeders of the city have
decided to amalgamate with the Printing Pressmen.
This decision has been arrived at, due
to the fact that the Press Feeders ind
that they could hold a much better
meeting of their organization in France
than thoy could in Vancouver, due to
20 of thoir 30 members being now in
, France, with the C. E. F.
j This is one organization at least that
can bo said not to be pro-German in its
sentiments, and it may possibly receive
favorablo mention in the local pross.
OUT ON STRIKE
Miners Lay Down Tools for
Conditions   of
Safety
The mines of thc Crow's Nest Pass
Coal Company at Coal Creek and Michel are idle. The miners realizing the
dangors of operating the mines under a
double shift havo decided not to return to work until their demand for a
single shift is granted.
Negotiations have been going on for
some months, thc company showing a
decided antipathy toward granting the
request of tho men, a request which was
backed by the authority of tho moBt
scientiiic mine inspectors and investigators who have plainly stated that
there would be far less danger to human life under the singlo shift.
Tho decision of the men was hasten
ed by the occurrence of a tremendous
"bump" last Wednesday afternoon.
The cifects of this "bump" were felt
not only in thc othor workings of tho
mines but miles distant. A number of
people in Fornie distinctly felt the
tremor, which lasted for fully thirty
seconds. Fortunately no one was killed
or injured but the minors, not knowing the exact location of the disturbance, hurriedly left their places.
Had it not been for thc recent
change from the old Wolfe Lamp to
the Electric Lamp many of these men
woud never have reached the surface.
It was decided to call a mass meeting which was held Thursday at the
Miners' Hall, and without a dissenting vote the following resolution was
Retail Clerks
After the regular meeting of the Retail Clorks next Tuosday* evening, the
clerks nre holding a danco in their
mooting hall at tho EagleB hall. Twenty-seven new members were admitted
at thc last meeting.,,
Musicians' Picnic
The Musicians are holding a basket
picnic and clam bake at lower Lynn
Creek, Sunday, Sept. 15, 1918, leaving
on the 0 a. m. ferry to North Vancouver. All musicians como along and get
ucquaitued. There is a good time in
store for you.
Boiler Makers
The Boiler Makers are still carrying
on negotiations with respect to the now
wage scale. It is expected, howover,
that little progress will be made in the
negotiations until such time ns thc
award of the Wago Adjustment Bonrd
of the United States is rendered.
"That we do not work any more until we get the singlo shift. If we do
not get it before Sunday we ask tho
whole district to come out."
Carried without a dissenting vote.
The following resolution was passed at a mass meeting in Michel:
"That we remain idle until the
single shift is granted and tho secretary bo instructed to inform the coal
company. If we do not get the single
shift' by Sunday next we call a mass
meeting Monday with the obpect of
gotting the whole district out."
Meantime the situation remains tho
same. The men are standing pat, according to telegraphic advice received
from Secretary Martin of Fornie. He
states that tho men are out for "Safety First" and the singlo shift in order
to ensure the safety of he mines. We
alBO learn by wire at a late hour that
a conference between tho Minister of
Mines, Hon. W. Slonn; Commissioner
Armstrong, and W. R. Wilson, manager
of the mines at Michel ond Fernio, will
bc held in Vancouver on Wednesday
next. Pending the results of this conference the executive of District 18
of the United Mine Workers hus ad
vised all minors in the district, except
thoso at Fernie ond Michel, to continue at work. In view of the danger*
ous nature of the mining industry at
the best, and with the -expert advice
that has been given which states that
it is the only way to mnko the mines
safe, the management should be compelled by the government to concede
the concessions nsked for ere another
batch of miners is sacrificed.
Notice
Will subscribers notify us at once of
any change pf address, and nt the same
time give us both old and new address,
us this saves us a lot of trouble, nnd
with the added subscribers, tho mailing
list of The Federationist is a lengthy
thing to search through for any one
name.
Pntronize B. C. FederntioniBt advertisers, and tell them wny you do so.
U. B. IN CITY
W. A. Cole and A. Watchman Give Items of Interest to Members
Different Attitude Adopted'
in States by Government
to Labor
General Executive Board Member W.
A. Cole, of the United Brothorhood of
Carpenters has been in town with Organizer Watchman during the week.
The two officers have had considerable information to givo to the membership during the week. They have attended to meetings of the various locals
and given information aa to the affairs
of the organization throughout the-continent.
The striking feature of the information conveyed by Bro. Cole is the different attitudo adopted by the United
Statea govornment in its dealings with
Labor. He instances case nfter case
whero the government has compelled
rthe employers to concodo tho right of
organization to the employees, and to
teh right of recognition. He also instanced many cases where the government had sought thc advice and assistance of organized labor, with a result
of a very different feeling existing in
the States to what exists hero between
the members of organized lnbor and the
government.
The actions of the general president
of the United Brotherhood, W. L. Hutchinson, in securing a flnt rate of pay
for all carpenters in the shipyards woro
explained ,nnd his actions nlong this
line have met with the unanimous approval of all the members of the organization.
In view of the fact of Presidont Hutchinson having mot with the opposition
of the capitalistic press in tho States,
thc readers of The Fedorationist can
take it for granted that he must havo
been right, and evidently President
Wilson thought so when he mnde hiai a
momber of thc highest tribunal for
dealing with Lnbor problems in tho
Hinted Statos.
Insist Upon Pure Wool
YOU will be told by the clothiers who are
unable to get garments made of all-wool
fabrics that the new good) of which their
readymades are manufactured are "just as
good" as pure wool and that you will be unable to secure pure wool anywhere. Of course
no intelligent man believes that a substitute
is as good as an original. And as for your being unable to get pure wool fabrics I take this
ocoasion to deny that statement. My big
stook of genuine imported all-wool fabrics is
the piek of the British looms, and considering
the scarcity of wool my prices are most reasonable. I bought for cash before the meteoric
rise in wool—the fabrics were not yet woven
when I made by contracts—and so I can make
up a Tom-the-Tailor suit at a price which will
not now buy the material at wholesale. See
my fabrics and note the prices.
Mtn'i Bolts to
Meunn   ftom
$35
Speolal oiler (or ladlei SatoriUy oily,
velours and Broadclotlu—regularly mn_
pried at |86—for      JfOO
Women's
Mm-tat'ored
Bolts ftom
$45
op
mm
632GRASV/LLE
314HASMGSW
UNION SHOP
T
President  Winch  Calls  a
Meeting of  Organized
Labor for Tuesday
President Winch of the Trades and
Labor Council has arranged for a meeting of all offlcors and members of organized Labor in the city of Vancouver
and diBtrict, on Thursday ovoning next,
in tho Labor Tomple, for the purpose
of hearing Mr. E. 8. H. Winn, chairman
of the Workmen's Compensation Act
Commission, explain tho act in all its
details. Mr. Winn has stated that he
will be ploased to answer all criticisms,
and at the same time will be pleased to
hear of any suggestions that may be advanced for the better working of the
net, or for the protection of the workmen.
Tho meeting is called as a result of
the discussion at tho last regular meeting of the council, as to thu number of
accidents in tho shipyards on the coast.
New Westminster Clerks
The Hotail Clerks of New Westminster arte holding a mass meeting tonight at New Westminster in the Labor
Temple. The ollicers of the Trades and
Labor Couucil will address tho meeting. Mr. A. Glen, secretary of tho Vancouver branch, will also bo on hand to
address tho meeting.
TJ. B. Carpenters
Local 617 hold their regular meeting
on Monday ovening. There waa a good
attendance, and W. A. Cole ,executive
board member, and Organizer Watch- i
man, addressed the meoting. Several
new momberB wore admitted. The sum
of $50 was voted to the striking Laundry Workers.
Warehousemen
All members of tho Warehousemen's
Union are requested to be on hand at
the meeting tonight, when the election
of oflicors will take place. Thirteon
now membors were admitted at tho last
meeting of this organization.
The provincial secretary of the Independent Labor Party of Ontario is conducting an organization campaign that
will practically include the entire province, and expecta to have things going
full swing beforo the middle of October.
Patronize B. C. FederationiBt advertisers, and tell them why you do so.
$10,000
assures success of industrial enterprise—15-year monopoly on
world market—staplo tine—market available in Canada and
U. S. A. alone 50,000 per day,
our profit 80 cents each—esBcn-
tinl industry—amounts $200 up
accepted. Confidential information at 310  Dominion Building.
Mass Meeting Saturday
Subject to the approval of tho Parks
Board, the city council on Tuesday
afternoon granted permission for the
holding of a mass meeting on Cambie
street grounds next Saturday. A letter
requesting this was received from Mes-
damcB Lowery and J. A Taylor, who explained that, the gathering was on tho
question of increased separation allowances for mothers, wives and widows of
soldiers. As this was a matter in which
the council was interested by former
action, the request was grantod by resolution, nnd passed on to the Parks
Board*.
Aid. Hoskhij who had talked with the
conveners of the mass meoting, said
that although previous muss meetings
had been held in various theatres, this
procedure was found too expensive, nnd
an outdoor mass meeting wub decided
upon.
SOCIALIST PARTY MEETING
Larger crowds than ever are attending the SociaUst Party of Canada propaganda meetings that are being held
at the Theatre Royal every Sunday
evening. "There's a reason." W. A.
Pritchard will take the platform next
Sunday. ***
Important Forces
in Our World Today
The Soldier and The Working Man
Both are certain of a square deal
at Dick's where Values tell—
The True Meaning of Value:
VALUE—not what you put into the clothes, but what you get out
of them—not what you pay, but you are repaid—that kind of
VALUE means a square deal and satisfaction.
We are showing a big range of models that express VALUE.
Some are the popular and stylish three-button coat with soft rolling lapels to second button. Slightly form-fitting with smartly-
tailored narrow shoulders and sleeves.   Also the regular styles.
The material is fine West of England worst ads and Irish serges.
Shown in grey, brown, blue and subdued green, or the rich new
patterns.   DICK'S price, as usual, is very low, values considered.
DICK'S PRICE $25
"*     "Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back"
33-45-47-49, Hastings St.East.
THE BIG UNION STORE POR MEN

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