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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 4, 1921

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$2.50 PER YEAR
Winnipeg Workers
Greet the Released
Political Prisoners
Thousands throng the Largest Hall in the .City-
Thousands Unable to Gain Admission—Pritchard
Is Given an Ovation—Remarkable Loyalty
Shown by Workers to Released Men
WINNIPEG, MAN., March 1.—(By Harry Willeocks.)—The
most capacious hall in Winnipeg waa unable to accommodate the people last Monday night, on the occasion of the reception given to the reputed leaders of thc great Winnipeg
strike. Aa early as 5 o'clock, people began to congregate, al*
though the meeting was not advertised to start until 8, and by
7 o'clock, all thc available seating accommodation had been
filled. Undeterred by this fact, hundreds of men, women and
children continued to swarm in. The primary idea in their
minds was to "get there." All the vacant space ih aisles, galleries and platforms was utilized, and it became necessary
shortly after 7:15 o'clock to lock the doors, and cease further
admittance. Fully. 7,000 were packed into the meeting,
and it is estimated that nearly that number were unable to
get in.
The vast crowd was in^a good humor. There was a comradely spirit prevailing, and all were imbued with a common desire
to show their appreciation of the work the released men had
done for the Labor movement. Not only that, but it was a
challenge, a pregnant defi, and there is no doubt but what the
persecutor's and implacable enemies of these spokesmen of
Labor, drank deeply of the cup of humiliation and bitterness
that evening.
In a few well-chosen words, the
chairman, another ex-fellow con-
vlst, Comrade Russell, said how
pleased he was to see the flne expression of solidarity shown. He
then introduced the first speaker,
Comrade R. J. Johns.
Prolonged cheers greeted the
speaker, who by his omnipresent
■mile, cheery manner and wholehearted Interest in the progressive
working claaa movement, has endeared himself to Winnipeg work-
Down on the Purm
He said: "Comrade, chairman,
friends and fellow workers. At no
time during my sojourn out on the
prison farm was I ever confronted
With such a difficult problem as I
have before me tonight. It may
bs difficult for me to express just.
what .this audience expects me to,
but I have been away 'down on the
farm.' (Laughter). I find tt much
easier going into the bush wtth an
axe and working for 25c per day,
than I do ln facing you now. The
Workers of Winnipeg have done
many things during our Incarceration. You have been In many interesting troubles, and what, grieves
me most is that I have lost one
year's experience in the Winnipeg
working chus movement at a time
when you have been accomplishing
'something. (Applause.) Much
has been said about 'disruption,'
etc., but what do we flnd? When
we come out we flnd this meeting,
and to me this audience is an indication of success.    (Applause.)
"I am going to be frank and ad.
mlt I did not like to be tn goal. If
you tell m6 now that you expect
me to sacrifice that much for the
working class, I want to tell you
that If I am to be of service to the
Labor movement, I want to be ok)
the outside of goal, where I can
be participating tn It," (Applause.)
Ever since hfs childhood, he said,
up to the age of 21, the horrors of
ft future hell had been drummed
Into his mind. If one picked flow
ers .on Sunday or bought a Sunday
newspaper, it was considered disgraceful in his old Cor;. Ish home.
"I know how you people feel about
this situation, but let us find out
how people on the outside are
thinking, people In other parts of
tho world."
He said he received a letter from
his sister while in goal, tn which
she told of the effect Dick's Imprisonment had on his mother. She
told how his mother was afraid to
speak of the occurrence, dreading
the disgrace which she thought
would fall upon the family. The
knowledge that her boy had been
branded as a felon, was garbed tn
the hideous uniform of a criminal,
and was treated as such, hurt her
badly. Yet ahe was inwardly confident of his innocence, because she
had said, "he was too good to go
to goal."
(Continued on page 6)
League of Nations Is a
Failure in Industrial
Back on the Firing Line
******     ******     ******   ******     ******     ******    ««««««     ******
Condemned By Government £nd Acclaimed By Workers
Russian  "News"  Conies
in from Parasites Who
Have to Eat
One reason why cables come
from Europe overy fow days announcing that Lenin has been as-
saslnated, died of disease, Isn't ex-
pected to live moro than a few
minutes, and of couter revolutions,
Is found ln the fact that the reactionary counter-revolutionists have
a secret printing plant somewhere
near the border, and periodically
Issue counterfeit copies of Pravada,
one of the official Soviet organs tn
Moscow, which also contain other
fantastic narratives. These papers
are sent to press associations, which
in turn spread the "news" broad-
east and helps the reactionary conspirators to gather further funds to
keep their "holy cauae" alive and
Spanish Government Disregards Protests of
Labor Section
Geneva —The futility of the
Leaguo of Nations when it comes to
dealing with Labor disputes was
brought out In a discussion of the
Labor situation in Spain ai the
sixth meeting of the government
council of the International Labor
offlce of the League held here early
In January. That the Spanish government is determined to use whatever methods seem appropriate to
It In the work of holding down the
Labor movement of that country,
regardless of protests from abroad
was evidenced when Count d'Altea,
representing the Spanish government, assorted tn reply to cross-
Questioning by Leon Jouhaux and
Jan Oudegeost, representing the
French and Dutch trade unions respectively, that the whole matter
was purely a national affair and
.that he did not consider the Labor
ofllce authorized to Intervene.
M. Jouhaux vainly pointed to
Section 13 of the Versailles peace
treaty wherein the unions right of
existence Is recognized. All the
governing council decided to do
waB to publish the discussion on
the subject.
The report of Director Thomas
showed that the governments of
Prance and Switzerland were especially strong in their opposition
to having the next general conference of the International Labor
offlce, to be held next October, try
to take action toward limiting the
hours of farm work. It was de>
elded to keep thts subject on the
agenda, nevertheless, and put It up
to the conference Itself.
Patronize FederationiBt advertisers and tell them why you do so.
Whilo May Dny has been set as
thc closing date for tlie raising of
$5,000 for Uie Federatlonist, it
should be understood that we need
lt NOW.
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
... For the Coming Week
SUNDAV—Irish Self Determination League.
WEDNESDAY—General Workers.
THURSDAY—Dance, 9 to 12.
FRIDAY—Women's Auxiliary.
SATURDAY—Dance, 9 to 12.
III. . ■'. I .«
Want Four Days Work
—Seek Aid of
How It Works in Connection With the Irish
If any proof were needed of the
assertion made that there was one
law for Str Edward Carson and
another for Irish farmers, here it
Dissatisfied With Enquiry
Into the Case of
Owtn^r to the wet weather last
Sunday, the unemployed parade
and meeting on the Cambie street
grounds waB called off, and a meeting was held in the Pender Hall.
Strong protests were made against
the turning of the returned men
out of the Returned Soldleis Club,
and the meeting went on record as
being In favor of any action taken
by the returned men to resist any
reduction In the standard of living.
The workers council presented a
resolution which reads ub follows:
"That this meeting of workers
Instruct the council of workers to
interview Mayor Gale, demanding
that the unemployed be given four
days'. work at the current wages,
and that they be paid tn cash. That
the distribution of relief bc taken
out of the control of the relief department, nnd placed ln the control
of the council of workerB."
"In the event of the authorities
refusing the above demands, that
the unemployed demand the $9.20
per week now being paid, and that
(Continued on page 8)
Patronize Fed Advertisers.
Conference   This   Week
Failed to Reach
The 8. C. Electric appears to be
fighting against time in Its relation
wtth the striking electrical workers.
The union has given the company
ts in cold print. Thts is the official I ev*ry opportunity during the past
tea months to do the right thing,
bi i the company officials are ob-
at nate tn spite of thc fact that the
ot tlylng municipalities are being
ve *y much Inconvenienced by shortage of light and power,
' A conference was held at Victoria last Tuesday, at the Instigation of Moyor Gale, who thought
he could get the company to accept the arbitration award. Mr.
Murrin and Mr. Phippa, representing the company, and representatives of the I. B. E. \V., together
with Mayor Gale, discussed the
subject pro and con, but after three
hours the meeting adjourned, having been unable to arrive at a basis
for settlement. The. company still
insists on a reduction of wages, and
Miy Murrin adopts the attitude that
heJwill sign only on his own terms,
and   is  prepared   to  continue  to
statement' issued from Victoria
Barracks, Cork, after the execution of Cornelius Murphy'on February 1:
"Cornelius Murphy, of Balldaly,
Rathmore, Co. Kerry, farmer, was
tried at Cork on January 17, 1921,
by a military court for offences
against martial law. He waa
charged with being at Ballydaly
aforesaid on January 4, 1921, ln
improper possession of arms and
ammunition—namely, a loaded
revolver. The court found Cornelius Murphy guilty and sentenced
him to suffer death by boing shot.
The finding and sentence of the
court was duly confirmed by the
general officer Commanding-in-
chief in Ireland. The sentence was
duly executed at 08.01 hours on
February 1, 1921."
And this Is from a speech made
by Sir Edward Carson at an Inspection of his rebol army on
June 6, 1914;
"And now, men, keep your arms,
no matter what happens. I rely
upon every man to fight for his
arms to the end. Let no man take
them from you. I do not care who
they be or under what authority
they come, I tell you, 'Stick to your
arms.' "—Birmingham Town Crier.
Withdraws Troops      !
From Germany Before
Collapse in Europe
Allies Are Steering the Old World to Revolution—
U. S. Authorities View Situation With Concern
and Prepare to Get from Under—See Chaos
Coming andrAttempt to Save Own Skins
THE SITUATION in Europe looks much worse iu a remit ol
the conference between the Germans and the Supreme
Council, which has been taking place in the Old Land during
the present week. The Allied statesmen are endeavoring to
extraet the last drop of blood from the Oerman patient, without actually killing it. But in the event of there being greater
pressure being brought on the German people, the danger of
forcing Europe into a revolution becomes all the greater.
Should Germany not meet the demands of the Allies, it is quite
possible that force will be used to endeavor to intimidate her,
and once the dogs of war are again loosed, the workers of
Italy, Prance and Great Britain, will have something to say on
the situation, and with unemployment increasing daily, and the
position of the workers becoming worse as the unemployment
aud the consequent misery spreads, the conditions become more
and more favorable to revolutionary tactics. Italy
has long been ripe for a revolution, but owing to the position
that country holds geographically, the workers have laid back
on their oars, but with any real opportunity of the workers rising in Germany, .France and Great Britain, the proletarian
movement may be of such a nature as to bc beyond the power
of the present ruling class to stop. How serious the United
States authorities judge the situation to bc in Europe, can be
gauged by the following article, sent out by the Federated
(By Laurence Todd, Federated
1 Preaa Staff Correspondent)
Washington — American troopB
now on the Rhine may be gotten
out of Oermany before the collapse
of bourgeois Europe, or they may
be left there long enough to embroil the United States ln a new
world war. A few days or weeks
of delay by the new congress in
passing the Knox resolution declaring a state of peace with Germany and requiring the withdrawal
of American aoldlera from German
soil may turn the acale from peace
to war. Hundreds of thousands of
American lives may be the price of
such a delay.
Sam Guthrie Makes the
Members Feel
and   is
Men Will "Carry On"
The men In Vancouver and'Vlc-
torfa are solid to a man, and are
Just as determined to carry on, the
most of them having had to "carry
on" under other conditions, when
there was less Incentive to do so,
They are not fighting to make the
world flafe for democracy now, but
are fighting for what they know at
least they must have in order to
(Continued on page ft)
Oliver Offers the Job of
Ditch Digging to the
Labor won Its point tn the B. C.
Legislature last week, when Sam
Guthrie's motion on unemployment
was accepted for discussion, after
Harry Neelands' attempt had failed. The question came up on
Thursday, and frank expressions
of disapproval of the government's
attitude toward the unemployment
question wore voiced in the Legla-
lature by Independent membors of
the House. The threo Lnbor members particularly asserted that the
government should and muBt tnke
Immediate action to promote some
measure of relief.
Speaking to his resolution asking that the Houso ln committee
discuss the question, Sam Guthrie,
member for Newcastle, wished that
the government "would take the
same Interest In the worklngman
now aa was evidenced on the hustings." He said there wns dire distress on Vancouver Island, where
tn Bome sections a weekly wage of
$3.50 was being paid, the men
working alternate werks. This sort
(Continued   on   Pago   8)
A Little Help Is Better
Than a Let of Sympathy
THAT the appeal made for funds to place the Federationist in an independent position haa not fallen on deaf
ears, is being shown every day. The many individual.responses that are being made indicate the position
the Federationist holds in the minds, of the workers of aU parts. Praise which comes from individuals is
much appreciated, but praise that emanates from another pfcper is possitly the greatest tribute that can be paid
to any paper, and thc following letter from the editor of Yapaus, the only Finnish Labor paper published in the-
Dominion, indicates where the Federationist stands in the estimation of a contemporary, and is not only full of
appreciation, but demonstrates the practical support that must bc given if the objective is to bc reached.
Sudbury, Ontario,
February 23, 1921.
Dear Comrade,—I notice from your last issue that the Federationist is financially embarrassed.
It is too bad because we cannot for a moment think that we can afford to lose   such   a   valuable  *
working-class organ as the Federationist has proved itself to be,   I am issuing an appeal on behalf
of the Federationist in our paper "Vapaus" to thc Finnish Socialists and 0. B. U. members to hurry
to your support in thc financial crisis by sending in subscriptions and donations.
Our business manager has also agreed to take subscriptions and transmit them to you without
Had we not just bought machinery and established our own printing plant we could have helped
you considerably. However, I am Writing to our executive board at Toronto to see if they can
contribute some amount.
I hope that you will meet with success in putting the Federationist on its feet again, and not .
only that but that it will soon be enlarged and become a daily paper.
Fraternally yours,
(Signed)   H. PURO,
" Editor "Vapaus."
Do not forget that a little work on the part of every supporter of'the Federationist will bring much greater
results than any amount of sympathy. We need the money and need it quick. Are you doing what you can? If
not, why not get in and dig) .
Ex-Service Men Decide to
Follow British
Soldiers  .
Organization Will Fight
Against   Militarism
and Capitalism
The loggers' hall,-61 Cordova St.,
waa crowded by ex-service men on
Wednesday night to hour a proposal to form a Canadian National
Union of ex-sorvlce mon on thc
samo lines as that now existing ln
Great Britain. This British organization is reputed to bo over 500,-
000 strong and is affiliated with
other organizations of a like char-
actar on the continent.
The chairman, In opening the
meeting, outlined the proposed
lines on which the organization is
intended to function. These aro In
1. To look after the interests
of the widows and orphans of deceased comrades and of those comrades who have been crippled and
disabled as a result of thoir service.
. To fight against the "Divide
and conquer" tactics of the muster class.
3. To assist In tho overthrow
of capitalism with Us concomitants of militarism and destitu-
Seven or eight of those present
spoke on the questions, the sentiment being praeticnlly unnnhnous
thnt no further military service be
undertaken on behalf of of capitalist interests. 13x-nervlee men of
many nationalities, Including several of the late enemy countries,
were present. The tone of the
meeting was strongly indicative of
thc growing consciousness and solidarity of the workers. A committee was elected lo draw up a tentative constitution.
The next meeting will take place
at tho O. B. U. hall, 804 Pender
St. W., on Wednesday, March 8th,
at 8 p.m. When enrollment of
members will tnko place.
That ts the grim fact which real*
lets ln the 1 Senate Foreign Relations committee now face. A majority of that committee is said to
be anxious to get the American
troops out before the trouble on
the continent begina this spfing.
They are convinced that trouble
there will be, and that the French
and British and Italian governments
must bear the brunt of that trouble,
They know that these allied governments are more than willing
that the American government,
thetr rich creditor,' shall be drawn
in to bear the burden of saving
them from the consequences of
their betrayal bf the "peace of con.
dilation" which was promised by
Woodrow Wilson to the Germans
In 1918. If America can be caught
between Germany and France, America, they believe, will have to save
France and subdue Germany. At
part of that task she will also have
to subdue Russia.
On their maps the senators see
a huge, inflated, economically hopeless Poland, wedged between Russia; with her big revolutionary
army, and Germany, with her sentence of half a century of serfdom
hanging over her. France Is driving Poland to attack Russia through
Lithuania. Russia will defend her.
self and will be represented to tha
Western peoples as having attacked
the Poles. France will give such
aid to Poland as the French working class will permit.
The senators believe the chancea
favor the quick defeat and overrunning of Poland by the Russians.
Polish Communists are far stronger today and Polish reaction la
weaker in Its military power than
last summer, Russia Is able to repulse any Polish attack and to
crush the Polish military state, and
within a few weeks to place a big
army along tho German frontier.
Then Germnny's practical leaders
—her reactionary business men, financinl magnates and Majority Socialist administration—will for tha
first time be in a position to repu-
(Contlnued on page S)
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Vancouver Local Has Become Tired of International
There was a split in the rnnks
of the Vancouver local, International Steam and Operating Engineers this week, when tho bulk of
the local membership decided to
turn ln the charter and form a
union, Incorporated under tho
laws of British Columbia.
This action was the outcome of
the strnlncd relations which haa
existed between the local and the
head olllce for Bome months, and
the "straw that broke tho camel's
buck" came when the International
assessed the membership $4 per
year as a reservo fund, which the
local claims will be ot no benefit
to thc Canadian membership.
An International organizer, who
has been on the Job during the
past week, has organized another
local, and has promised to put a
business agent on thc job, and pay
his wages for sixty days.
Hif»i ■#■+——»»
Corner of Fender and Howe Streets
TONIGHT (Friday) 8 p.m.
will speak on .
"The Master Class Tactics and the Use of the Press"
Colic, tion 111 Aid of Till' PmIrrnlloni. t
.....I. i. .,„. i . i i i
i i . in .in i' i'. i i
Good features
depend on teeth
The aim of nature is harmony of countenance—'
we say such a face has "regular features."
IIpllow cheeks, wrinkles and unnatural lines are
directly due to missing teeth. My method of
tooth-replacement is also a corrective—it so
closely matches the original teeth that "regular
features" are restored. I call it Expression
Work.   Come in and talk it over.
Althoufh yon «xpect to ply
mor* for the highest Man-
dard of work, tha operating
of ray owa laboratory and
offic* enables prices to bs
kept tt ft minimum. You oaa
tasily pay more, but you get'
no better work.
Corner Seymour
Offlco  Open  Tuesday  and  Friday
DR.   BRETT   ANDERSON,  formerly member of the Faculty of tht
College of Pentl»try, University of Southern California,  Lecturer
on Orown and Bridgework, Demonstrator in Flatework tnd Opert-
tive Dentistry, Local and Goneral Anaesthesia.
Two Million Workless and
the   Army  Still
Tliis is a reproduction of the official receipt
that is being issued by the B. C. Federationist,
Ltd., for the maintenance fund:
v>5   British Colombia Federationitt   #«*,
•jTCHIS is an acknowledgment thet the Fearer ha, con-
tributed the wm of Five Dollars ($5.00) to aid in
wiping out the indebtedness of the fi. C. Federationist;
■ increaie iu field of operation,; defend Labor in the every
day struggle and to become a bigger and more powerful
«.    Workers' News and Propaganda Paper     ^j-
Por Twrnty 1.u, v« bin inu.d thii Union stump for me under ou
Ptaceful Collective Bargaining
Forbids Both Strikes tnd Lockoati
Disputes Stttltd by Arbitration
Steady Employment tnd Skilled Woxkmtnihlp
Prompt Deliveries to Dealers tnd Public
Peace tnd Success to Workers tnd Employtn
Prosperity of Shot Making Communities
At loyal union men and womon. wt uk
you to demand shoes btarlng tbt ttooft
Union Stamp on Sole, Iniole or Lining.
Coffll L0..I7, Ouml Presidont    Obulii L. Boino, Qan.nl Soo.-Tresi.
Fro* Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Welding Bouquets, Fot Plants
Ornamental asd B bad 0 Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
it Hastings Street East 788 Oranvllle Street
Sermour 088-673 Seymour 9513
The One Big Union
Published ty tbe Winnipeg Central Labor Conndl
Bead tbe News from tlie Prairie Metropolis
Subscription price $2.00 per year; $1.00 for six montha
Address Ull communications with respect to eubs and advts., to
HA11RV WHiLCOCKS, Business Manager, Roblln Hotel, Adelaide Street, Winnipeg, Man. Communications to Editor should
be addressed -to J. HOUSTON, same address.
~—~————-—-—- ONION MADE
The I M.T. I Loggers' Boot
Cry for Coal Has
-Miners Are
Not Wanted
A very remarkable thing ia taking plaoe in the ranks of Labor ln
Great Britain. In spite of the fact
that there are at leaat two million
unemployed in Great Britain today, and attempts are continuously
being made to reduce wagea by
locking out and laying off employeea, the unemployed are not
accepting the joba at the reduced
wagea offered, and in dosenss of recent Instances the bosses have had
to take back the workers at the old
scale, in practically all the skilled
The unemployed situation is
very acute, and the unemployment
dole ceased to be handed out on
Feb. 8, but many municipalities
were forced to continue feeding the
unemployed until such time as the
government decides to continue
the dole.
Sheffield Is the centre of the steel
Industry, Is daily discharging its
workers. The unemployed there,
number something like 12,000, \
without Including those on short
time, this in spite ot the fact that
the head of one of the largest firms
there haa Just confessed ln a magazine article that the world-shortage of steel ln December was no
lesa than 40,000,000 tons, and even
the United States ls said to need
13,000,000 tons of steel rails.
And In spite of the fact that only
a few weeks have passed since the
government was scrapping with
the minera over the demand for an
increased output of coal, miners in
•very coal district today are looking for work. Recently the largest
Iron and stoel works ln Great Bri-
Jain, Ebbw Vale Works of South!
Wales, was closed down, putting
6000 men out of work. Then followed 14,000 coal miners in the
same district including the Ebbw
Vale Coal Mines and associated
companies at Blalna and Abertll-
lery, which will eventually affect
all the workers, ln the Western
Valley of Monmouthshire.
Unemployment, starvation and
poverty are fast following in the
wake of trade depression tn Rhondda Valley. Over 20,000 miners have
been working half time Bince January. Colliery development has
been completely stagnant and byproduct plants are closing down.
Thousands of workmen nnd themselves unable to provide their families with the bare necessities of
Fernhill Colliery, Blaenrhondda,
Is to be closed down, and its 1800
working men have received notice.
The Cambrian Combine at Tony-
pandy and Clydach Vale has presented over 2000 of its employees
with dismissal dockets.
Am] on top of all this the last
hope of the workers is shattered
by the announcement that every
regiment has more than its desired
number of men, and recruiting has
OF iii
Taking: Steps to See That
Nanaimo Has Federal
The Woman's Labor League of
NfinaimS takes the initial steps to
secure a suitable candidate for the
Federal riding of Nanalmo. - Believing a Dominion election probable this year, correspondence
from other parts of the riding ls
invited with view to selecting suitable candidates at an early date.
Address Mrs, J, Young, Sec, ICO
Nlcol street, Nanalmo.
The league has developed to
that stage where It hai become
potent factor in the social and
political life of Nanaimo and district. The league recently raised
over $800 to relieve distress
amongst the Morden miners who
cannot get their pay, due last November. In spito of the fact' that
there ls a two-weekly pay aet for
minera on the statute book of the
provinoe, there ta no apparent attempt by the Oliver government
to enforce this act.
This and ^ther thing! have
stimulated the women here to
make every effort to have -their
own representatives on the floors
of the legislatures of the country.
The "Trinity" of Labor In the
B. C. Legislature, vis., Tom Uphill, Harry Neelands and . Sam
Guthrie, are visiting this district
next week end, and are speaking
fn Ladysmith Saturday night,
March 6; South Wellington Sunday afternoon at I.o'clock and.at
Nanalmo Sunday night at, 7:30.
They will tell the workers, whar ta
going on in the gaa house at Vlotoria.
Paper Makers Official Is
Deported by Authorities
FRIDAY. March  4, lltf
Californians to Be Subject
to a Series of "Red"
Company Detectives and
"Mounties"   to  Awe
the Strikers
Found in Onr Mail Bag
****** ■■   . ******
Growls from Garr L Uss
Mill orden  pirsonally attended to
Guaranteed to Mold Caulks and Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS & SON
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Phone Seymour 550 Repairs Done While Von Walt
10 Sub. Cards
Oi>od for ono year's subscription to The
P. C. Federationist. will b« mallod to
any address in Canada for (22,61)
(Good anywhert outklde of Vancouver
city.) Order ten today. Remit when sold,
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap good, can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor,
is produced from tho highest grade materials procurable
•-Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
Criticized Poor Old Wilson for His Statesmanship
Eugene V. Debs is now being
held incommunicado In the Atlan
ta penitentiary because he* made
a public statement which was published in the daily press criticizing President Wilson.
If Debs will apologize, he may
finally be permitted once more to
meet hla friends and share the ordinary privilege of fellowship ac
corded to common murderers In
the prison. '
That Is the essence of the de
payment's position aa set forth by
D. S. Dlckorson, chief of the
bureau of prisons and paroles, under instructions from Attorney
General   Palmer.
Tho next attorenjJ'-genoral of the
United Slates, bnrrliig a miracle,
will ho Harry Daugherty, who Is
reported to have been paid $160,
000 for Inducing President Taft to
freo from Atlanta prison the New
York lee king, Chnrlos W, Morse,
a millionaire, Unless 'Gene Debs
cultivates respect for Mr. Daugherty, he may bo kopt Incommunicado for tho rest of his ton-year
term, for any comment by Debs
upon tho character and record of
Daugherty will bo an infraction
of tho loso majeste rulo under
which the prisoner is now being
punished, .
Dear Mr. Editor: An American
reader, writing in the Ne# 'York
Freeman, discloses an amusing an
gle on the United States anti-Soviet
propaganda in Russia. . You may
remember the note for. Secretary
of State Colby of last August, addressed to the Russian people as
apart from the Bolshevik; government, something after tHe style of
President Wilson's later...notes to
the Germans; something, tor tjie
consumption of the common people themselves, and not.for their
government. *"_ I
In order to get the note jjaa^tfie
Bolshevik authorities, Mjy O.qi'by
made elaborate arrangements .to
smuggle it Into Russia .ftom-*11
quarters, so that it might t:each, the
Russian poople, for whom, tt; was
Intended. The note was .-lit ..the-.nature of an appeal to thd People, to
throw off their undemocratic r:rul?
ers, when America would jive them
all assistance ln tho work of reconstruction.   * ,   ,Ul(
When everything as arranged
was under way, and the "great
smuggle" was on, the Soviet rulers
evidently decided to take a hand In
assisting at their, own,, overthrow,
for the Pravda, the <Sfflcial. organ
of the Petrograd Communist Party,
"devoted almost a column of it's
second page to a reprinting of Mr.
Colby's note."
I was glad to see Sam Outhrle
. latned his point on Tuesday,. and
forced consideration of the unemployment question in the Provincial Legislature, I dont' remember
ony offer having been made to the
unemployed to supply work on the
digging of ditches, though.. Do
Vancouver, B. C, March 2, 1921.
Before making n purchase, look
up our list of advertisers on page 7,
and then patronize one of them,
and by so doing give Tlie Federationist a boost. .,„,..
Stockholm.—At ;a meeting field
In Moscow last month, and mentioned ln a delayed Moscow dispatch, delegates from the Communist organizations , in Azerbatdjan,
Turkeystan and the Terek district
elected a central committee, headed by Said dercef, for the purpose
of carrying on Communist.propaganda among the Turks.       ,    .
Yes, we can supply you with sub-
cards for that Job of hustling subs.
(By Gordon Cascaden)
Thorold, Ont.—Deportation to
the United States of an organiser of
the International Paper Maken
Union, who. declares he Is a British
subject, use of the Royal Canadian
Mounted Police for strike duty and
arming of company detectives aro
outstanding features of a strike of
employees of the Beaverboard plant
who went out in sympathy with
fellow unionists demanding recognition ln Tonawanda, N. Y.
Protest meetings are taking
place ln every section of Eastern
Canada to denounce the Dominion
government's alleged interference in
behalf of a large corporation as
well as the Introduction of so-called
"United States gun-play methods"
of settling strikes, according to reports received here,
"The Canadian government Is
lined up squarely on the side of the
eompany and against organized
Labor," James Marsh, general organizer of the International Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners,
who, with John A. Flett, Canadian
'general organizer for the American
Federation of Labor, headed a deputation which protested to Ontario's attorney general at Toronto,
-•"There never was need for police protection," he says. "The Canadian government for one reason
or another, accepted the version of
conditions advanced by the company, and sent a detaehment of police. Its immigration officials also
deported a British subject, an official of the organisation conducting
the strike."
Archibald Hickman, the man ln
question, was born, ln Scotland, but
has lived ln Canada for many yearB.
He is an organizer for the International Paper Makers Union, and
was given two hours only ln which
to leave Canada for the United
States. F. P. Barry, international
vice-president of that organisation,
waB stopped at Niagara Falls by
Dominion immigration officials and
forbidden entry into Canada until
he h»d |350 ln cash to technically
enter the' country.
-\\o plant itself has the appearance of an armed camp, with armed
company detectives and the red-
coated "Mounties." It Is the flrst
time In the history of Eastern
Canada that the mounted police
have participated in Labor troublea A year ago, when the Ottawa government decided to extend
the operations of this military force
to sections east of Winnipeg, Labor
men charged the underlying purpose was to use them to awe strikers. This was denied. I
It came as a shock, nevertheless,
when 70 "Mounties," fully armed,
were rushed here from Ottawa, under command of Inspectors Cundlo
and Frasor, and on orders Issued
by Commissioner A, B. Perry, commander of this force.
. Not only are the mounted police,
Provincial police and company detectives on the scene, but the local
police of Thorold, Welland, Port
Colburne, Niagara Fulls, Bridge-
burg and other cities and towns uf
the Niagara Peninsula are busy
rounding up so-called "undesirable
Despite the prevalent unemployment, non-union as well as union
men, refuse to take the places of
the strikers.
TBy George W, Graydon)
Los Angeles, Cal.—The master class ln Southern California Is
moving to crush the working class.
The drive will start as soon aa the
92000 appropriated by the city
council at the behest of the Better
American Federation, and the American Legion is available to hire
stool pigeons to ferret out the
"Reds" la the Labor movement, as
was stated on the"floor of the council by speakers representing the
above organizations. '
Two councllmen but bf nine, opposed the appropriation. They
were outspoken ln their condemnation of the measure, saying that
they believed that the people would
be better pleased lf this money were
used to feed the unemployed. The
opposition consisted of Councllmen
Crlswell and Wheeler. Both were
originally elected on the Socialist
ticket, but for some years have
stood against the worker*, and In
favor of the master class. This!
time, however, their voices were
raised tn behalf of the workeri.
Speakers for the Better American Federation, the propaganda organization of the Merohants and
Manufacturers Association, have
been holding nightly meetings on
the streets. Lately they have been
very bold in their statements. One
speaker, In a loud and threatening
voice, and muoh hand waving, an-.
nounced that Southern California
would be cleared of agitators, reds
and other undesirable citizens, if
they had to- use machine guns and
the firing squad. Some one In the
crowt suggested that ths speaker
was violating the Criminal Syndicalism Law of this state ln advo'-
eating force and violence, but it
did no good, He continued with
his tirade. All this occurred In the
heart of the business district, on a
side street owned by the Board of
Education. In this way they escape the effect of the street speaking ordinance, which restricts
street speaking to one blook on
Los Angeles street, between First
and Second streets.   "   '
The same speakers appear on
Los'Angeles street every Sunday,
with a bodyguard of police and
thoy complain that the workers
won't listen to them when they say
that untmployment Is caused by
the Immutable law of supply and
demand. One Big Union head-
quarters ls dally visited by plainclothes men from the police department, and also stool pigeons
from the Better America Federation.
The mnsters are now checking
sentiment on tho job, to see how
many bolong to the O. B. U. To
them, evory mnn that believes In
the principle of the Ono Big Union
is one of our members. They are
sure getting an earful of talk for
the O. B. U. The workors are beginning to realizo that this organization Is their only hopo. During
the past week, ovor a hundred
workers havo beon In the headquarters asking for information
about   tho   organization,   most   of
Smartly Styled
Botany Serge
,     At Extraordinary Price Reductions
for Immediate Clearance
Theae dresses are especially designed for spring wear. TM
latest effects of trimming, orersklrt, embroidery and floral
touches, emphasise the attractiveness of tho new Myles. Many
of the better models are reduced as low as—
Urgent Appeal Is Made
for Preventive
A cablegram from Soviet Russia
has just been received by the So-
ylet Russia Medical Relief com-
" ittee.   it reads as follows:
"Send literature regarding tuber-
culosls; also vaccines.'*
This is an appeal from a people,
struggling against disease and
death, for Information and preventive medicines.
The Soviet Russia Medical Relief committee invites all its medical councils, as well as individual
physicians, to co-operate and assist
it In the collection of medical literature and publications dealing with
the subject of tuberculosis, In all
Its phases.
Anti-tuberculosis vaclnces to the
amount of $5000 are available for
purchase at this time. This amount
will furnish approximately five
million doses with which to flght
tuberculosis in Soviet Russia. This
shipment can be prepared and
made ready within the next two
weeks, provided we can collect the
necessary $5000.
We appoal to the gonerous spirit
of the people. Speed ls the essence
of success in this fight of the Russian people against the dread disease, whisk threatens to spread
with increasing virulence with the
approach of spring.
All who are in sympathy with
them have taken applications to be
returned when they get work.
The drive against the workers
will soon be on. Then watch the
One Big Union in Southern California grow.
the work of helping Soviet Russia,
to combat disease with ths moat'
solentiflOjWeapons available, by pro*,
vidlng tbe Russian people with tha
necessary medical literature and
vaccines, are Invited to forward
thetr contributions to the Soviet
Russia Medical Relief Committee,
.room 606, 110 W. 40th St., New
York City.
OUR Low-Rent Location,
oomblnod with onr economical methods, enablo
us to soil yba
of lines, class and cliaraoter
at prloea far lower than
others. Our extensive premises permit of our holding
lnrge and well assorted
stocks, We havo everything
for tbe home—carpets, bedi,
dining and parlor suites,
ranges, heaters, etc. NOW Is
the time to furnish—and
HERB Is the place.
Cash or Credit
Furniture Co.
416 Main Street
■ Opposite Olty HaU |
Big Antiunion  nnd  Wage-cutting
Campaign By the Railroad
Interests Expected
(By the Federated Press)
Washington — Executives of the
railroad Labor organizations, meeting horo with thc executives of the
other elements ln the American
Federation of Lalior to plan a campaign of defense against tho antiunion and wage-reduction drlvo
throughout the country, echo the
defiance voiced by them In Chicago
to the railroad managers announcement that there wilt be no settlement through, collective bargaining.
If there is to be jvar between
railroad Investors and railroad
workers over the right of the workers to aot collectlvoly In bargaining for rates of pay, then the workers aro ready fo*? war,
Books by Upton Sinclair a*
Paper bound, 85o eUe/bJ'
Postage 15c, by mail.,.. .....
Brass Chock—100 Per Cent.
Story of a Potriot^TOe
Jungle—Profits  of  ReU'giort.'
Mr.i.T* '.
Cloth Bound   ,,.,;.,„,
King Coal ..'.92.00
Postage 26c   . ,q r; .
Jimmie nigglns .91.75
Postage 25c   ■ -i. ttt
Cry for Justico  $2.60
Postage 36o
All of Jack London's books,
cloth      bound,     Including'
postage  }*}%&*
Communism   and   Christian?"
ism   (just  received),  with
postage   46c
We have many more, but
space does not permit mentioning tho names,^ If there
is any book you want write
to us, and if we haven't got
lt In stock wo can get lt for
All mall orders attended to
tho same day as received.
International Book
Oor. Columbin und Hastings
Vancouver; B. o.
National Unions Take Up
Grievances With the
A. F. of L.
Toronto, Ont.—Champions of
national unionism In two different
cities are taking their differences
with the American Federation of
Labor into .the courts.
The Canadian Hoisting and Portable Engineers, a national trades
"nion, issued an injunction, the
flrst of Its kind in Canada, to retrain the International Union of
Hoisting and Portable Engineers
and the Toronto Building Trades
Council and Its officials from "attempting to procure or from procuring the dismissal from employment of, or the refusal of employment to, members of the plaintiff
union by threats, Intimidation,
picketing, strikes and other unlawful means."
The writ asks damages, A de
clsion favorable to the national
union would mean a serious blow
to the American Federation of
Labor In Canada.
The second case ls of nationwide importance. The Canadian
Brotherhood of Railway Employ
es ls seeking judgment in an Ot
tawa couit to stop the Dominion
Irades and Labor Congress from
putting into effect a revocation of
a charter granted lt by the Congress. m
The Congress officials charge
Lhe Brothetftood With taking into
Its membership those .classifications of rallawy employes eligible
Tor various craft unions. Thc
brotherhood is also aooused. ol
having In Its membership ''those
'.tinted with Bolshevism," as well
is openly fovoring "strong-arm
methods" and the general strike
|n Wlnnipog,
Tf you want some sample copier
if this paper for your neighbors,
till around (o tho office and get
When You Need--
can tupply all your Printing
needi. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and. high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation (or
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
Mail Orders Promptly Executed
Oor. Homer and Pender Streets, Vanooiver, B. 0.
.■a- • : _
:1DAT...;V...... March  4, 1921
thirtmnth year.  No. s  THE BRITISH COLUMBIA ifEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, bc,
Lumber Camp and Agricultural Workers Department of the One Big Union
page "Terse
By Orgunlzcr No. 30
For the purpose of explaining
to the membership the various de.
tails in connection with the results
accruing from the action of the
general convention of the Lumber-
workers Industrial Union recently
beid In Vancouver. And at the
same time institute a move In the
camps that would result in^the
greatest effort and activity possible being put forth ln connection with the Bale of the literature
stamp fund, which the central exeoutlve board was authorized to
Issue for the purpose of getting
out the official organ of the Lumberworkers Industrial Union, a
series of meetings was held
throughout the district as follows:
At Jennings Camp No. 1, Engen,
A Joint meeting was held on Sunday, February 6. At this meeting the memberi of 4 camps assembled to get a verbal expres-
sslon ot the procedure of the general eonvention; the 4 camps participating ln thie meeting were:
Jennings' camp No. 1, Sweney's
eamp, Kennedy's camp and Wieses1
oamp. The next meeting was
held at Jennings' camp No. 2,
Engen, on Monday, February 7.
This camp did not participate ln
the joint meeting held at Jennings' oamp No. 1, owing to gome
misinformation being spread ln regards to the trouble at thla oamp;
the result of thts misinformation
helng that camp No. 2 believed
that camp No, i was deserted.
At Perow, a joint meeting was
held in. McNeil's oamp; the members of 8 camps were represented
at this meting, namely: McNeil's,
McLeod's and McCreas', the last
mentioned camp being located at
Topley. Preceding "West, a meeting was held in Hanson's camp at
Quick, this camp being the only
one located at the western limit
of the district, where a sufficient
number of members - would warrant the holding of a meeting.
From there, returning East, 2
meetings were held at Sheraton,
one ln Hanson's camp No. I and
one in Hanson's camp No. t..
So far as can be learned from
the results of those meetings, It
Is safe to say that the membership
ot this district Is ln accord with
the future policy laid down at the
last general eonvention; there
may be a few Individuals who
would think that the organisation
Is not all that lt could be expected
to be as yet; but still they will
admit that lf the referendum
, which ts now being distributed
to the membership Is carried, we
at least will have a sound, democratic basts to build a militant,
class-conscious organlaztlon.
At the camps where meetings
were held, collections were taken
to oover the expenses of the trip,
and in support of the new official
organ, which the central organization will supply to the member-
For the Information of the dele-I
gates who hold receipts for these
collections In the different camps,
and for the general satisfaction of
the members who contributed to
this fund, a flnanclal statement of
the whole trip is herewith submitted for their perusal.
The district secretary has already
notified some of the delegates as to
how this fund will be applied, but
ln order that all Interested can feel
satisfied on this point, it will be
| well to state here that all money on
hand, collected on this trip, over
and above the actual expenses of
the trip will be applied to the official organ fund.
This statement I deem essential
and necessary, to make In view of
the fact that since my arrival at the
district office, I have been made
aware of the existence of other
•tamps (organization fund stamps)
ot whloh I did not know while I
was on the road.
In conneotlon with this matter,
I understand from the district secretary that steps have already been
taken ( whereby the Interest of the
, membership of this district will be
taken care of in conformity with
the policy of the last general convention.
Even lf we take it for granted
that the Issuance of the organization fund stamps by the present
central eecutlve board Is justifiable
at this time; we can still conceive
ot a way whereby these stamps
oould have been gotten out without
starting the confusion which Is at
the present time prevailing in regard to thts matter.
Personally, I am of the opinion
that if in the attempt of reorganising our organization, I am one of
an assembly of delegates that
j agrees to lay down a certain policy,
as a future policy for the organization, and this policy to my best
knowledge ls in conformity with
..the wishes of the members I represent, tt will then be up to me as
one of these delegates that laid
down this future policy, to be consistent to the point where I am
willing to oarry out that policy myself.
As a member of a Labor organisation, I will not allow and toler-
■ ste dictatorship from the officials
of that organization; and as an of.
flelal of a Labor organization,   I
consider that I or any other, aot-
; Ing in the capaoity of an official,
should feel In duty bound to accept the dictation ot the membership as regards the carrying out of
t any polloy,
And In connection with the policy of the last general eonvention, I
consider that the delegates who
agreed and consented to a certain
policy on behalf of the membership
they represented, Is the membership until such time that the actual membership oither approve or
disapprove of the policy laid down.
Organizer No. 86.
Financial statement of trip covering 10 days, from Feb. 6 to 15 inclusive, 1921:
Jennings' camp, No 1 $35.50
Jennings' camp No 2, Engen 20.00
McNeil's camp, Perow  88.00
Hanson's camp, Quick  10.00
HanBon's camp, Sheraton  13.50
Total ratlway fare. $22.05
Meals during 10 days  16,10
Wages for 8 days       $6 (not
Including Sunday)   40.00
Bal on hand  $88.85
Ten camps participated in the
taking of collections, the expenses
of the trip ($77.15) distributed
equally between the ten camps participating, will mean $7.70 as the
share of each of the ten camps;
which will leave a credit of stamps
on hand ln the district office as
Jennlng's camp, No 1, Sweney's camp, Kennedy's
camp and Wiese's camp,
Jointly $ 4.70
Jennlng's eamp No 2  12.80
McNeil's camp, McLeod's o'p
and McCrae's camp, Jntly 14.90
Hanson's camp, Quick „    2.30
■Hanson's camp 1, Sheraton..   6.80
Total $40.00
The total of $40 was collected In
new fees and dues on this trip,
which has been turned into the district ofllce.
Receipts for this amount will be
Issued by the district office to dele'
gates and individuals concerned.
Organiser No. M
Lumber Workers Industrial Union
Prince George Dlst., Feb. 18
The regular monthly meeting
was held at the district offloe, or
Sunday, 18th inst, and was attended by a quite a few fellow workers
who were in town. Fellow Worker
Finberg ln the chair. The minutes
of the previous meeting were read
and approved. A communication
from the secretary of the O. B, U.
stating that the organisation had
been suspended for nonpayment of
per capita tax was read; also the
dlstriot .secretary's reply. The
meeting endorsed the district secretary's reply.
A letter trom general sec-treas.
Winch was read, in which he stated that a portion of the stamps issued by the executive were for the
purpose of creating an organisation
fund, to be used to pay the debts
of the organization. This comma
nlcatlon was not received by the
district office until two days after
the stamps had been Isssued to the
camp delegates, consequently I
complicated situation arose, lt -being found that many of the stamps
had been sold by delegates In the
belief that they were contributing
towards the establishment of an
official organ for the organisation,
while they had ln reality sold
stamps for another purpose. The
meeting unanlomusly expressed the
opinion that all funds collected
wtth the intention that they would
apply to a specific purpose, must
be used for that purpose, regard-
less of what the insignia appearing
oh them was. It was moved, and
carried unanimously, that we retain the proceeds of the sals of
stamps which the executive will
not guarantee to apply to the financing of our official organ.
Reports from several camps
were read, and are given ln detail
under camp reports. Delegate Finberg gave a report of the trouble
arising out of the action of the boss
at Jennlng's camp No. 1, Engen, ln
refusing to recognize the 8-hour
day, and in discriminating against
union men, also ln refusing to furnish better board. The workers In
this camp by their solidarity, ln
the short space of two days, com
pelled the boss to accede to all
of their demands.
The secretary's report covering
period Jan. 1 to date, was read,
and accepted as read. Financial
statement for this period submitted as belovf:
Dues ,..$106.00
Fees        9.00
Sundries       82.86
Dlstriot members    77,00
Del. remit $891.00
Less com. & exp..    23.70— 867.80
Bal. on hand Deo. 81  241.87
Less Item outstanding     77.00
Total receipts  $767.02
Receipts Feb. 1 to 12 $164.25
Bal, on hand, Jan 81 $ 94.68
Wages $217.15
Rent, light and heat     74.23
Office supplies      22.00
Organization (con. exp.) .... 281.00
Sundries      86.11
Remitted  to  headquarters..    38.00
Total expenditures $662.49
Bal. on. hand, Jan. 81    94.68
Expenses       8.00
Bal. on hand, Feb. 12..;. $240.78
Fellow Workers Galbraith,
O'Rourke and Falstrom were appointed to audit the books, accounts
of the district, and brought ln the
following report: We have examined the receipts and expenditures
for January, and flnd the same correct; each receipt being accounted
for, and ail expenditure authorized.
We flnd the sum of $220.12 due tho
district from various sources.
Under the heading of unfinished
business, the secretary called the
attention of the meeting to the fact
that owing to the only member who
waB nominated by the convention
having declined office, the meeting
should move to ask for further nominations. The present Incumbent was asked lf he would consent
to retain'ofllce for the balanco of
term, which he agreed to do. It
was further moved and carried,
that the pressent secretary remain
In office until next convention.
There being a vacancy on the dls-,
trie*- board, tho secretary was instructed to call for nominations
from the camps. (Note to camp
delegatee: Call meetings In camp,
ask for nominations for a member
on the executive hoard.   To facili
tate matters, lt Is best to ascertain
whether member will accept ofllce,
before submitting the name to this
ofllce, to be put on referendum
vote. Nominations should be In the
district offlce not later than March
5,  1921.)
Under new business, the question of getting some action on-the
recommendations of the short-log
delegates.to convention, was discussed at some length, i. e., for setting the date for the complete overthrow of the only property to which
the industrial wage-slave can claim
ownership, viz., his blankets. It
wae pointed out that there was
something more necessary than
merely passing resolutions, and that
the time between now and when
the. referendum will be asked for
should be taken up, In educating
the members to what lt really
meant to resolve that they were to
take Issue with the boss on any
question. This question should bs
kept to the fore tn all camp meetings, and the membership entreated at all times to bear ln mind
that thsy are to be given an opportunity to say what they are prepared to do ln this matter, and If they
are not prepared to go Into the
flght and stay with it, to a successful conclusion, to at least have the
consistency to voto no on the ballot. The question of having the
boss turnlsh blankets, eon only bo
successfully overcome In ono way,
and that ls, by asking htm to either
furnish blankets, or do hts own
work. Or, ln othor words, drop
your blankets, wherever you find
yourself at the given data, never
to take them up again. Never
mind whether tho other fellow
worker carries them or not Re
member that In nine cases out of
ten, you are the other fellow that
we hear ao much about those days,
and that when you all do that, the
other fellow will have vanished. It
would be well for camp delegates
and committees to put those matters squarely and fairly before the
members In the camps, and report to this office, what degree of
solidarity they flnd manifested by
the membership, and when they
say, "let's go," we will go, and wo
will get what we go after. The
meeting unanimously endorsed the
resolutions passed by the Fort
Frances district convention, re the
elimination of piece and bonus
system, and tho adoption of the 8-
hour day, with a mlnlmum_wage
bf $i, and the part restricting the,]
piece worker to the minimum wago
as his maximum wage was particularly approved of. Under the
heading of good and welfare,' lt
was suggested that all fellow workers who have or can got cameras,
should get snap-shots of their
camps and send them to the official paper.
Camp Reports
'•He Camps'*
Jennlng's Camp, No 1, Engen—
This oamp Is 100 per cent organised. A demand for recognition of
the 8-hour day, better board and
against laylng-off union men and
replacing them'with men who refused to line up, was met with a
flat refusal by the foreman, with
the result that the men came out
They were out for two days, when
the contractor arrived on the scene
and hastened to explain that the
foreman was "crazy." The following conditions were presented to
him as the only basis of settlement
to which he agreed:
1. That the 8-hour day be strictly enforced, and that all day and
monthly men be paid time and a-
half for overtime.
2. That no discrimination be
shown  to  the  present crew,  and
Swcnney'e Camp, Engen
The fellow workers In this camp
have been locked-out for refusing
to work, unless supplied with better grub. They were paid off with
cheques .which were turned down
by the bank with N. S. F., but
when they discovered that a move
had been made to attach Hens to
thoir stuff, they "dug up" some
cash. This method of "pork" payments is getting too common, in,
I this district, and can only be coped
''with by the workers refusing to
accept cheques, and demanding
payment bi-weekly, which the
masters own law provides for. A
few "scabs" have gone in to this
camp, but all union men are warned to keep away.
Hanson's Tie Gamps, Sheraton
Camp 2 Is about to close down,
and Camp 1 will.only, be good for
a short time. Camp conditions are
fair, but timber "bum." *
Hanson's Tie Camp, Quick
A report from this camp approves of the policy laid down by
the oonvention, as the practical solution of tho situation, the delegates wero confronted with, but
regrets the necessity of the split
with tho original O. B. U.
Camp Conditions—Long walk to
work, and scattered timber, are
among tho worst features of the
conditions at this camp. Board
fairly good. Camp will operate for
quite a while yet
McNeill's Camp, Perow
A meeting was held at this camp
representative of McLeod's camp,
Perow, McCrae's camp, Topley,
and the members of the camp, for
the purpose of hearing report of
Delegate Hansen. The action of
ths convention was endorsed, and
the principles of Industrial union-
Ism approved, ti McNeil's camp is
about 60 per cent, organised, the
rest being stump-ranchers, who can
not conceive that they have common cause with the slave, who is
fortunate enough not to have a
farm to support McLeod's camp
Js reported as closed for the season.
MoCrea's Camp, Topley
The latest reports from this
eamp are that tt ls about finished
for thc season, for which * there
should be no regrets, for lt was unfair to organised labor In many
There are several other smaller
camps, along the line from which
this ofllce receives no reports,
which ls prima facia evidence that
they are a damn good place to keep
away from, unless you are prepared to go In and sacrifice a degree
of comfort both of mind and .body,
ln order to bring them up to standard.
Some Pertinent Comments on
the Proposed Hospital Tax
Fort Garry Lumber Co.'s camps,
Mlworth, have been reported to the
Provincial Board of Health at Victoria, by this offlce, after repeated
efforts had been made to have the
provincial police enforce the health
regulations. Let all who do not
wish to have their status lowered
beneath that of the cross-cut saw
or hook, keep away from this camp
until we can either organise them,
or put them out of business. It is
a well known fact that any efficient
slave driver will see that his tools
are not left out in the wet to rust,
but the human tool at Mlworth
seems contented to sleep ln a bunk
houee where the rain pours down
on his bed, and puddles on the
floor, which ls hewed ties.
ReportB from the Northern Construction Co. camps (P. G. E.), say
that the more wages are lowered,
the more contented the slaves seem
to get, seemingly being afraid they
may lose their kind "master."
Come on, fellow workers, unite
with your fellow worker on the
job.    Remember jUiat an Injury to
further, that in the event of any)on« l8 *n In*u|,y t° a»-   You have
man   being   flred,   the   employer  n°t one solitary thing In common
Uian_i raa-t, *« »ni.i» th. -_,„..„.. I with  the  master  class,   nor with
their agent the slave driver on the
Job.    Cut   out   all   that   nonsense
j -For..many reasons strenuous opposition will be given by the workers to the proposed 5c per day tax
for the purpose of raising large
sums of money to be squandered
by the hospital authorities. The
professed reason and purpose for
the tax is to put the hospitals on
a flnanclal basis that will prevent
operating at a loss with the consequent necessity for Increasing appeals to various sources for financial assistance as at present; and
further, to provide free hospital
accomodation when needed to
those who, through their inability
to . meet the necessary expense,
would either have to go without
the. hospital treatment, or else
would obtain it as a charity patient who would be a direct cause
of financial loss to the hospital.
But things jure not always what
they seem.
That there are at present heavy
losses in operating some of the
'public hospitals of the provinoe Is
admitted, but why this loss? It Is
safe to say that tf the same Inefficiency ln administration was practised ln any other Institution or
business activity as exists In some
of the biggest hospitals, bankruptcy, or Its equivalent would be
Inevitable. Because a person may
be a good doctor (Judged by the
acbepted standard within the profession of what constitutes "good")
It does not follow that he ls quail-
fled to supervise the business administration of a large institution.
Inefficiency, extravagance and
general mismanagement exists
within the walls of the hospitals
and this Is not all confined to the
business end alone.
To cover up the flnanclal losses
It IS proposed to tax the man and
woman on the job 6c a day, and
this will provide the wherewithal
to enable incompetent management
to ride their hobbies to. higher
heights of expenditure; the worker to receive in return ward accommodation only on those occasions when unkind fate places his
tor her) life and comfort at the
irifercy of such treatment and accommodation as exists, ln a public
Except public ward accommodation no provision is contemplated
In the expenditure of the proposed
tax to'meet the Innumerable other
expenses which Inevitably accompany sickness. The patient, or his
ttfatlvfes, being left to his own resource* in these respects—all that
Theconditions obtaining at the|*5*ried at Is abigBlush fund
stand ready to explain the reason
to the camp committee.
8. Free board to be furnished
to any man who ls Injured on the
Job, and lf a team owner, free feed
for the team until he ls able to return to work.
4, Good board shall be furnished, and eggs three times a week.
A Joint meeting of the members
of Jennlng's camp No 1, Wieses'
camp, Kennedy's camp and Swen-
ney's eamp was held at Engen on
Sunday, Feb. 6, to hear report of
Fellow Worker Hansen, who represented this district at the general
convention. The meeting expressed
complete approval of the democratic control, and enlarged industrial
features, which were embodied ln
the tentative constitution proposed
by the convention. The move to
start an official organ of the lum
ber workers was highly commend
ed, and a willingness expressed to
voluntary contribute to that fund.
Particular attention was drawn to
the advisability of endorsing clause
P of the tentative constitution,
which gave a comparatively small
percentage of the membership the
Initiative in recall of officials who
were not conforming to the policy
as laid down by the rank and flle.
The meeting was unanimous on the
necessity of maintaining and developing the purely Industrial form
of organization, that beln the only
effective weapon left ln the hands
of the working olass, Upon a vote
of thanks being tendered, Delegates Hansen and Morrison for
their stand at the convention, Fellow Worker Campbell opposed it,
and took advantage of the opportunity to point out to the meeting,
that while he admitted that credit
was due to the fellow workers,
along with all other delegates who
strove to bring harmony about in
the ranks of the workers, still he
held that a vote of thanks has no
place in the industrial movement,
as it creates a tendency on the part
of the membership to rely on their
officials, which ls a fundamental
error ln the Labor movement.
A later report from Jennlng's
camp 1 endorses the recommendations made by the interior delegates, re setting a date for the elimination of top bunks In camps,
and the dropping of blankets, and
urges all camps to promote discussion on the better methods to pursue ln carrying out those proposals
preparatory to tho taking of referendum. This camp urges the workers to move towards demanding
that the employers furnish all tools
required In the Industry. They
alsso endorse the proposals of the
Fnrt Frances dlstriot convention.
about the boss being a good fellow.
Ho may be at that, and why the
hell should he not? He owes you
a world of gratitude. Have you not
without a murmur of protest, lent
him your energy, so that he might
extract proflt out of it, ever since
you "hit the road?"
As Intimated ln a former circular, Issued by this ofllce, camp del
egates should Inquire Into the claas
of literature, and the amount their
camp requires. If the clause In
thc tentative constitution, which
reduces per capita to the central
office from 60c to 26c is carried on
the referendum, the only literature
that will be supplied from that
source will be the official organ,
consequently all other literature,
that the membership needs, will
be gotten direct from the district
offlce. In this connection the membership should bear in mind, that
their Oder should be compatible
wtth their needs, as paper and all
literature Is very costly. The principal feature to be -catered to is that
all fellow workers get the paper
of their own language, which they
most desire. A varied assortment,
even with a lesesr amount of each,
will Insure greater satisfaction, as
when each Is read they can be passed from one to another. In sending ln your order, it would be well
to mention the number of fellow
workers that are Interested In a
given paper, so that this offlce can
determine the amount of each order to get.
The referendum ballots on the
policies laid down at the general
convention are ln the offlce, and
will be sent to the camps by the
next mail. Copies of the old constitutions will be included In case
some of the camps have not got
them. In marking your ballot, remember that you art sealing your
own fate, whloh ls wrapped up In
that of the organization, and that
unless the membership take the in.
dividual Interest in the creating of
the policy of thetr organization,
that they do in all other matters,
which pertain to their welfare, the
referendum vote can only be a
meaningless word, If you desire an
organization that will respond to
your dictation, then support the
provisions that make for giving you
that control, and after you do support them, see that they are adhered to, once they become a part
of your constitution.
The only bulletins to hand from
other districts are those from Rupert and Kamloops. Rupert reports
that the only camps of any size
■for wild-cat expenditures.
The promoters of the scheme
Sre wilfully or blindly overlooking
several aspects of the case. But
possibly this is due to the fact that
they only see the worker as the
goat to be milked and not as the
major section of the community
whrt'is to give most and receive
least without his needs, wishes or
views being consulted.
The scheme has been fostered
and fathered by certain Interested
persons and bodies who take to
themselves the authority to speak1
for the proposal without justification and most certainly without
giving the necessary consideration
to the proposal that its importance
calls for. The workers' side of
the question was never considered;
most certainly he was never consulted, and yet such bodies as the
Vancouver Board of Trade by the
casting vote of the chairman who
has never been noted for his disinterested interest, the welfare of
the general public, the workers as
a whole, or the employees ot his
firm in particular, decided to support the scheme.
, Many workers have already made
adequate provision for possible
sickness by becoming members of
one or more of the many fraternal
organizations which give much
greater benefits than that contemplated by the sponsors of the hospital tax, and frequently at a much
lower cost than that proposed,
As has been already mentioned,
the hospital accommodation, when
needed, is only one part of the necessaries during sickness. Therefore, why pick out just one feature
and put the whole cost on the
worker. Better by far handle the
question as a whole under a proper Health Act, giving the same
provisions as ln the working accident Compensation Act, spreading
the coat for the whole among the
three bodies concerned. The worker, the employor and the government, giving each representation
in the administration.
Some things the public- would
like to know concerning the Vancouver General Hospital.
What percentage of patients attending the hospital use the public
ward    i
What percentage of patients In
the public wards do not pay their
What percentage of total floor
space (or cubic air space) Is taken
up by public, semi-private and
private wards, respectively?
What percentage of the nursing
staff and their time Is engaged In
the public and private wards, respectively?
What is the actual per capita
cost of accommodation of patients
in the public and private wards
(Full account to be taken of difference in quality and quantity of
food, attendance, general accommodation, and all other factors entering Into same) ?
What ts charged for accommodation in public, semi-private and
private ward?
Is It possible to get comparative
figures of the bed cost of maintenance ln the General Hospital and
St Pauls; both in public and private wards, and the percentage of
accounts of eaeh class collected In
each Institution?
operating in that district are Jam-
leson's and Israel's camps at Port
Clements, with no signs of others
opening in the near future.
Kamloops reports a general
slump, and the most wretched conditions existing ln the Northern
Construction Co.'s camps on the
North: Thompson. The bulletin
calls attention to the fact that
"scabs" have come from the
prairies to man those camps, and
suggests that they have been too
leniently dealt with In the past,
with the suggestion this office entirely agrees. Keep "tabs" on the
"scab," and give him to understand
that lt docs not pay to turn traitor
to hiB olass.
Camp delegates should send in
weekly reports to this office, giving
conditions as they exist, otherwise
we will have no bulletin.
Sec. Prince George District
The referendum ballots were
counted on Feb. 19, as arranged by
the January convention, held In
Sudbury, Every question carried
by a big majority.
The following members were
elected to the district executive
Ivar Maglnen, Victor Konni,
Kusti Hakala, E. Onlschook «nd
Jos. Fortln, Secretary, Jukko Tol-
var. I
Kamloop* District of the Lumber
Workers Industrial Union
February 26, 1921.
The organiser was up the North
Thompson last week, and gives the
following report, dated Feb. 21:
sick beneflt dues, $2; stamps, $80;
sick benet dues, $2; stamps, $30;
literature sold, $1.    Total, $165.
Expenses: Transportation, expenses, $21.40; wages, $86. Total,
$57.40. Remitted with report,
This report covers only part of
the camps, and we wtll hear about
the rest of them next week. The
flrst camp visited was at Swift
Creek. The organizer landed there
about 4 p.m., after walking about
12 miles. A man, whose flrst name
Is Martin, a Swede, and who scabbed lsst fall, ls the straw push
there. He Immediately ran to tell
Kelly, the foreman, and the or'»
ganlzer was ordered out of camp,
16 minutes after he landed there.
Even the cook had orders not to
feed him, and refused to give him
a lunch before he started hiking
again.. The organizer describes the
straw push as "a big roundhead,
playing the role of stool-pigeon" If
any of you know him or the oook,
keep them ln mind.
The camp at Swift Creek Is described as follows: Two bunkhouses
24x40, with 66 men ln each house;
double decked, muzzle loading
bunks; seven foot walls with 6-foot
pitch to the roof; no bathhouse, or
no dry house, and an imitation
wash-house. The kitchen Is in bad
shape; the dtnnlg room tables lean
so bad that you cannot All your cup
over half full without it running
over. A real good place for a health
Inspector, if there is such a man In
British Columbia.
The organizer had better luck In
other camps as his report shows,
but did not flnd conditions much
better in the Bocz Lmuber Co.'s
camps at Swift Creek. His report
Is: Bocz Lumber Co.'s camp No. 2.
The conditions in this camp are
bad. Bunkhouse 16x22 for 18 men;
all wet clothes hanging around the
stove; no bath, wash or dry house,
and some of the men are so lousy
that they have to scratch between
each mouthful at their meals. This
also applies to Camp No, 1, which
Ib even worse.
McMurphy, B. C, Northern Construction Co. Camp No. 10.
The camp at this place Is the
best on the C. N. R., and it Is nothing to cry about at that, but lt Is
about 76 per cent, better than anything on the line, and Is organized
100 per cent. So come on, fellow
workers, let's make them all that,
and show what organization can
Organizer 3571,
The boys are kind of waking up
and doing a little to help the Bulletin along. Here Is one from Mc-
IntyreSs camp, filcamous, B. C,
Fellow workers: Am writing to let
you know how things are ln this
neck of the woods. Ten men working, and nine men paid up. Some
have bought literature and organ!
zatlon stamps and tho rest will
One man without a card, but have
not approached him yet, as he has
nine mouths to feed, so It keeps
him hustling. Conditions here are
the best In the district; eight hours
and no cut ln the wages; one bunk
house, 16x24, with 8 single bunks,
mattresses, etc., supplied. The
other bunk house ts 16x20, with 6
single bunks, and only one occupant at present. Board ls of the
best, and the boys aro all satisfied
and boosting for the L. W. I. U.
Kitchen and dining room help are
of the feminine gender, and give
the best of service.
Chase, B. C.
Murray Is In Fussee's old camp
on the Adams River, and has 30
or 36 men skidding and hauling to
the river. Gil Curry has a few
men at old camp No 4, running
some old logs down the chute.
There Is a amall tie mill working
ln back of Chase.
Merritt, B. C.
Things are still pretty quiet here.
Logan and Patchett each have a
few men working, but there are
men laying In town, so I would not
advise men to go out there, who are
anxious to go to work at once.
Union men working in Merritt
should patronize the Colwater hotel, run by Wm. Mclntyre, and also
thc MUlbrook clothing store. Both
of these parties are friendly to organized labor, and I know from
living in Merritt that some of the
other business mon are not. Somo
of them don't seem to realize that
they are making their living principally from the lumberjacks and
other workers. If we keep away
from them, they will soon flnd out
that they cannot afford to knock
and refer to us as "the hobos of
the town,' 'as one big business man
In Merritt did. The only way you
can hurt a man of that calibre is
through his pocketbook. That Is
where his brains are. anyway, or
Parodoxes of Capitalism
******     ******     ******     ******
Some Startling Revelations
A Definition
A PARADOX, as the writer understands it, ls the relation of
two or more dissimilar phenomena, which, .taken by themselves and without a knowledge of
the connecting links necessary for
the elucidation of their relativity,
apparently contradict ench other
in the absurdest fashion. When,
however, the chain of reasoning
between such phenomena is complete, lt will be seen that the absurdity, although still existing, Ib
what may be called a "logical absurdity," that the contradiction ls
the inevitable outcome logically
deduced from the original premise
from which the phenomena in
question spring.
Capitalist soolety abounds in
paradoxes, which, to a mind unacquainted with the basis and
workings of our modern industrial system, muBt appear monstrous ln their insane and perverse effect both on the individual
and on society as a whole.
Riches and Poverty
Under capitalism wealth ls produced tn practically unlimited
quantities, and yet the great majority of people live and die on
the verge of starvation, sometimes
slightly above the poverty line,
more often below lt, but always
approximating, In any case, to the
bare subsistence- levels Direst
poverty prevails ln the midst' of
vast plenitude; food and olothing
are produced to excess, yet thousands of hungry and underfed men,
women and children ane never
able to obtain a satisfactory meal
or a sufficiency of covering. There
ls more than enough housing accommodation to shelter everyone
quite adequately, yet in numerous
cases families of four, six, and
even more, persons are compelled
to Uve tn one small, badly-ventilated and cheerless room.   .
Let us take another paradox of
A Concrete Illustration
A few years ago ln Northampton—whtch, of course, Is the centre of the boot industry—many
children were walking about unshod because their fathers had
produced more boots than the
market required and were therefore obliged to "stand off" until
some channel could be found
through which the surplus stocks
could pass and be absorbed. Being
unemployed, the bootmakers of
Northampton received no wages
and were therefore without the
necessary means of purchasing the
boots urgently required by their
children, although all the time
the warehouses tn their town
were full to repletion of the articles wanted.
The above Is a glaring instance
of the way in which "over-production" means unemployment
and privation, but the same thing
is constantly occurlng, either directly or indirectly, In every part
of the world. The harder a man
works the sooner Is he out of a
Job. He Ib debarred from obtaining the commodities necessary for
the well-being of himself and his
dependents because he has produced more such commodities
than his employer can sell.
Idleness and Industry
Yet another paradox of capitalism Is the spectacle* nf the Idle
rich and the Industrious poor—
what a picture of Incongruity the
words "Idle rich" and "industrious
poor" conjure up!
The men and women who do
the work of the world, without
whose efforts human life on this
planet would cease to function,
are tho poorest, economically, phy-
Blcally and mentally, while 0n the
other hand the people who do
nothing useful or necessary, who
indeed are the drones living on
the honey produced by the work
ers, are the people to whom all
the good things of life accrue.
The wonders of nature, of art,
and science and literature, are
open to the latter people—the
members of the capitalist class—
whereas all the workers can look
forward to Is a life of hard and
generally sordid work, their
ward for which Is just a sufficiency of food, clothing, and shelter  necessary  to  enable  them
he wouldn't make a remark like
In the meantime, let us put all
our efforts on making the L. W. I.
U. something real, something that
will make the boss afraid to keep
such rotten camps as somo which
are described here, and then black
list the man who Is man enough to
fight for better conditions. You
have got to work to do It, fellow
workers. There has got to be more
active Interest taken by the rank
and flle, If we are going to do anything. Forget the personalities,
and think of the organization; talk
about what action we should take
this summer, not of what we have
done In the past. It's your organization, and if we are going to get
improvements, we have got to fight
the boss, and not among ourselves.
If you think enough of a man to
put him ln office, then stay with
him, and help in tho work. Thc
most Important work is In the
camps, and that Is where you can
do your ahare. Hold moro meetings, and get more literature. Keop
In touch with what Is going on, and
then you will be ablo to down thc
scoffers who try to tell you that we
can do nothing, that the union is
going on the bum, etc. Dig In and
get the fighting spirit. If you listen to enough of these knockers
without making nny comeback, you
will finally get ao you believo it
yoursolf, and that ls what he and
the boss who pays him, wants.
There is more than ono kind of
scab, and the scab who buckB you
from Inside your union Is more to
be feared than the one who openly
takes the Job you have quit.
W. S. KILNEU, Secretary.
exist and to breed and rear a progeny, who in their turn will supply the place of their parents
when the latter are considered by
their masters unfit for anything
but the  Industrial scrap-heap.
Tlie Socialist, for his part—
To any man or woman who can
escape from the orthodox, point
of view and survey the composition of present-day society with
impartial eyes, the workings of
capitalism must appear bewildering in their contradictions and absurdities. The Socialist, for his
part, possessing, an understanding of the fundamental factors underlying such phenomena, will seo
tlie lnevitableness contained therein ' and will pour acorn and contumely on a system which begets
results best compared to the fantastic visions of a diseased brain.
He will analyse and adversely criticize every manifestation of such a
system. He will point "out that
while you have the means of
wealth production held by a com- '
paratively small number of people;
while the Industrious majority are
kept In. a condition of slavery by
an Idle minority; while the whqle
of the wealth that Is produced becomes the immediate property, not
of those who produce It but of
those who have nothing at all to
do with-Its actual production: .In
a word, while capitalism lasts,
poverty ln the midst of plenty, and
all the other tragic absurdities
that are now commonplace, irnlst
by the logical sequence' of events,
continue and multiply.
There are two factors in capitalism, one useful, one Injurious,
to the welfare of the people as a
whole. The useful factor Ib social
production; the injurious factor ls
the private (the unsocial) ownership of the means of production
and distribution.
Tlie Task
It is the Socialist's taak, that In,
the task of those who desire sod*
ety to be placed on a physically
and mentally healthy plane, to advocate a system wherein the meana
of production and' distribution
shalt be socially owned and controlled. Wealth at the present
time is only produced by the will
of, and for the beneflt of, the few
who own the Instruments whereby lt is produced, and Is naturally
therefore, the sole property of
those few. When the whole of tha
people have obtained control of
thc Instruments of wealth production, of course, the wealth then
produced will be the property of
the whole of the people.
Nothing could be simpler of
more logical. Yet such Is tho
mental outlook of the majority of
the members of the working class,
so greatly are they saturated with
capitalist teaching and ethics, that
the fallacious arguments in favor
of the present system still flnd
ready adherents, while the nobler
and healthier advocacy of the Socialist position obtains little hearing and small support.
As, however, capitalism develops
and the paradoxes such as have
been mentioned become more glaring and more ridiculous, as, moreover, the Socialist view-point continues to reach the understanding
of the people, our assurance is that
the members of our class—the
working claHS—will organise with
us for the purpose of hastening
the downfall of capitalism and of
establishing In Its stead the system of Socialism, the ramifications
and workings of which, admittedly,
are aa yet but dimly perceived, even
by those who have devoted almost
a lifelong study to the subject
but whtch the youngest Socialist
amongst us knows bears within
lt potentialities of life undreamt
of In the insane and sordid system
under the ausplcea of which we
now live—or rather vegetate.—F.
J. Webb, in the Socialist Stan*
Supremo Court of New York Stato
Hands Down n  Dccktoii
Against Union
New York—One of the most
iweeping Judicial decisions against'
organized Labor has been handed
down here by Justice Strong in the
supremo court against the Queens
local of the Amalgamated Textile
Workers Union, Its officers and
members, and ln favor of the Wm.
Wlcke Ribbon Company of Glen-
The decision mnkes permanent
an injunction obtained some time
ago hy the ribbon company restraining membera of the union
from picketing the works of the
company. "*—
Justice Strong's decision wns received with satisfaction by the executive members of many of the
big industrial establishments In
Queens. They said It would be a
valuable  precedent.
Over one thousand unemployed
In Lincoln, England, marched to
the office of tho "Lincoln Echo"
and demanded nn apology fi'om tho
editor for publishing a statement
to thc effect that the workers had
been "utterly reckless" when they
were drawing huge wages and
that only starvation would bring
them to their senses. The editor
mnde a full, free and frank apology in tho next day's Issue of tht
Beforo making a purchase, look
up our list of advertisers on page 7,
and then patronize ono of them,
and by so doing give Thc Federatlonist a boost
Since the Northwest Mounted
Police jumped Into the detective
business, It Is alleged that tho operatives of the Burns Agency can
find nothing bolter to do 'nan
frame-up on whiskey peddling lintel clerka faSG E FOUR
thirteenth tbar. No. 8   THE BRITISH (COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST ~ Vancouver, a
I Published every Friday morning by The B, 0.
Federationist, Limited
'A. a WELLS...
Room 1, Victoria Block, 342 Pender
Streot Weat
Tolephono Seymour 5871
' Olllce:
Bubscribtion Bate,: United Statei and Foreign,
. 13.00 per year; Canada, 12.50 per yoar, J1.60
j for six month.: to Unions subscribing in a
'   body, 16c per member per month.
Unity ef Labor: Tbo Hope of tbe World
..March   4, 1921
THE news of the release of the five
members of the working class—who
were imprisoned because of their activities in the Winnipeg strike—from the
Manitoba gaol on Monday last, will
give some satisfaction
THE WORKERS to every worker ifl"
WERE Canada who has any
THE WINNERS concept of the position the working class
holds in society. Whether the government got any satisfaction from placing
them in durance vile, or on liberating
them, is, however, very problematical. The
reception that greeted the released men
in Winnipeg last Monday evening, however, must have disturbed the serenity of
the members of the Cabinet if they have
any idea as to its import.. Ruling classes
have at all times done the right thing
at the wrong time, and the Dominion Government in arresting the men who were
alleged to be the strike leaders in Winnipeg in 1919, certainly did not hurt th«!
working-class movement in this country.
* # *        j
Today Winnipeg has a working-clasd
movement that is better and stronger,
because1 of the struggle that the workers
made in the days of the strike. Bfr the
arrest of the men chosen by the rank and
file to voice their views and intentions, the
government of this country made plain
the class nature of the capitalistic state.
It also was instrumental in uncovering
the treacherous nature of many
prominent in the labor movement, who
until that time had not shown their true
colors. As a result the working-class
movement, not only of Winnipeg, but
of all partB of the country, has been
clarified and made better because of the
house cleaning that has already started,
and will not stop until the renegades are
removed from offlce, and the movement is
based solidly on an understanding of the
class position that the workers hold in
society. While the Winnipeg workers
have given a great reception to their comrades, Vancouver will give W. A. Pritchard a welcome on his return that will
not be one wit less hearty, and just as
fitting, not because of any hero worship,
but because he has stood for those things
that the workers in this part of the
country realize are in keeping with their
interests, and did not flinch when called
upon to stand the venom and vindictive-
ness of the ruling class as represented by
the government. We take this oppor-
tunitp of wishing our comrades success
in the work that they will be called upon
to do in the future, for the class to which
they belong, and in whose interests their
own are bound up.
JUDGING from the activities of the employers of this continent, the "reconstruction period" is now at its height.
While the effects of the reconstruction
efforts may not be to the liking of the
workers, there can
HOW be no doubt that
RECONSTRUCTION their standard of
WORKS living is being re
modelled. Taking
the figures of the Labor Gazette, we find
that the cost of living in 1920 had risen
more than one hundred per cent, from
1914 While it is true that there has been
a slight decrease since last year in the
cost of the staple necessities of life, yet
the fact remains that during the years
1915 to 1920, the workers were slowly
having their standard of living reduced,
as their wages never caught up with the
cost of living. Today, however, we find
that the decreases in wages have got well
in front of the decrease in the cost of
living. When the cost of living rose to
the position that it took twice as much
money to buy the same amount of commodities, the money wages of the workers
were never doubled, consequently the
workers received less wages in 1920 than
they did in 1914. They received more
money, but as the money would not buy
the same "amount of commodities, even
with the increase, as it did in the year
-. before the war, their wages were reduced.
But judging from the cuts that aro now
being made in wages, a still lower standard of living will be ln effect in the
very near future. Yes, the reconstruction
period is now here. Returned men are
being rehabilitated. They are once again
in the bread line with their unfortunate
fellow workers who, either from physical
infirmity, or other causes, did not take
part in making the world safe for democracy and lower wages. If they are
able to secure work, they must now reconstruct their standard of living to the
amount of wages that they receive. Such
is the world they fought for.
THE AMOUNT of importance which
tho Provincial Legislature attaches to
the unemployed situation can bo judged
by the amount of time that assembly
gives to the discussion of this subject,
compared with the
POLITICIANS time taken up by
AND the   discussion   of
UNEMPLOYMENT the liquor bill. That
the press also gives
Uttle consideration to thc position of the
Workers can also be realized by a comparison of the space given to thc present
prevailing unemployment, and the amount
given to the debate on tho question of
.whether booze shall or shall not be con
sumed in hotels, etc Naturally, the
workers, who are without the means to
secure proper meals, and who.are in receipt of meal tickets and other forms of
relief, and often do not have the price of
a bed, and never will have the price of
booze as long as thoy are unemployed,
will appreciate the consideration that the
government is giving to the liquor question. It is, of course, a "vital" question
whether the workers or the public generally shall have booze, and it is, of course,
more important where and how they shall
drink it. The unemployed we always
have with us, even if they have not the
price to buy a drink of intoxicating
liquor. Jobless workers are a necessity,
even though they are not an unmixed
blessing. So why worry. Let us discuss
9 » *
The attitude assumed by some members
of the house to the unemployed question
is also interesting. Premier Oliver thinks
the jobless slaves in the cities should go
and dig on the land, as he had done. But,
judging from the remarks of Mr. Patterson, even the farmer has not a bed of
roses, as he is reported as saying that the
man in the city does not know the hardships of the farmers, and that a large
number of the farmers in his district had
lost their crops. He also stated that the
man physically fit should be asked to produce enough to keep himself, and that
the farmers who had lost their crops
were gritting their teeth and preparing
for another one. Canon Hinchcliffe, who
is a politician of another stripe, condemns the government for its attitude to
the unemployed question, and suggests
that the matter cannot be settled by
doles, and urged the government to
"solve" the question. As there have
been periods of unemployment in the
past, and the party to whieh he belongs
did no more than the present government has done to solve the question, we
can only assume that his chatter was for
political effect, and if the Conservatives
were in power, they would be just as
concerned with the unemployed problem
as the Liberals are. .Which is not saying
»        •        *
Everyone "admires" a "self-made
man," but it becomes very monotonous,
when the premier, who is very fond of
informing the people that he once worked, sets himself up as an example to the
general public. But we would ask if the
farmers' who are now on the land, Bro
having to grit their teeth and struggle to
make a living, and when, after having
raised a crop, they are unable to sell it
and if they do, must accept the price
that the buyers determine they will pay
for it, what is there to offer to the city
slave that will induce him to go back to
the landf Another aspect of the situation is that the farmer is also subject to
competition, and the more there are on
the land, the keener the competition and
struggle to dispose of the products become. It is quite evident when these
things are considered, that the back to
the land to dig ditches way is no solution to the unemployed question. Only
under the co-operative commonwealth
will the baek to the land policy be of
value to the workers. This has been demonstrated in Soviet Russia, where-the
city population has gone back to the land
to produce for their own use, and the festering cities, which are essential under a
system of production for profit, are being deserted to a large extent.
* *        *
Mr. Patterson would have every physically fit person produce enough to keep
himself. Bnt that is impossible under the
present system. Those that do not produce anything today live on the fat of
thc land, while those that have produced
more than is necessary to keep them,
starve because they cannot secure access
to tho wealth that they have produced.
One would judge from the remarks of
Mr. Patterson that he does not realize the
position of the city worker, and has no
more concept of the position of the industrial slave, than he suggests the city
dweller has of the position of. the farmer.
He evidently does not realize that the
farmer does not produce anything by his
own efforts, and that all wealth is produced socially, and that the working
elass as a whole produce all wealth by
collective effort. The farmers' troubles,
like the difficulties of the city workers,
are created by the present competitive
system. They cannot be solved under
capitalism, not even by self-made men,
who have dug ditches and may yet have
to do so again under a different system.
more potent in their possibilities thanithe
most optimistic Socialist coulU have
hoped for. Those possibilities are bound
up in the attempt to bring the allied nations again into the position where the
men of the different allied countries will
be called upon to bear the brunt of
fighting an already defeated "enemy."
But the men who have had some experience of war during the past decade are
now disillusioned, jit will bo impossible
for them to be again deluded into thinking that they will be fighting the battles
of democracy, and while the Allies may
have schemes on foot that would indicate
that they are contemplating making fresh
onslaughts on Russia, and using Germany
as a military centre from which to commence operations, the men who will be
called upon to do the fighting, may have
other ideas.
How That Junker Country
Treats Its New
Anti • Labor Government
Passes Infamous
BLIND to the forces that they are
letting loose, the members of the
Supreme Council, by their action
toward Germany, and the indemnity,
that if collected, would spell their ruin,
not knowing where
In Germany there is a strong Communistic group. In fact, whilo it is not very
much in evidence, owing to the allied occupation of parts of that country, it has
grown at an amazing rato. Austria is
ripe for revolution. Italy's workers are
only waiting aetion on the part of the
proletariat of the rest of the nations, to
make a direct mova for power. Great
Britain is in such a condition that the
workers are daily becoming more and
more discontented, and ripe for some
action to remedy the conditions that they
are oalled upon to face. The added military obligations that the workers of the
old land would be oalled upon to bear, if
war is carried into Germany, will be more
than enough to .start a revolutionary
movement in that country. Earl Lore-
burn, writing in Common Sense, states,
in effect, that the situation is not unlike
the condition n France before thii revolution in 1789, and he also draws a
parallel between the situation in Russia
under the Czar—becauso of the fact that
the British ruling class will not see the
trend of events that is transpiring around
them—when the rulers of that country
attempted to satisfy the people with
empty phrases.
* * »
There can be no doubt that the press
stories' as to the counter-revolutionary
activities in Russia, which have appeared
in the press during tho past week, have
been inspired by the political heads of
Europe, for the purpose of staving off
working class activities on revolutionary
lines in the countries which they_ rule.
They have, by their recent activities,
made it impossible for a semblance.j)f
order to be restored in the capitalistic
world. But they may at the same time
not realize that in the event of a revolutionary uprising in Europe, that the
Russian people may play a greater part
than could even the revolutionary people
of cither France or Great Britain.- If the
screws are put on Germany tight.,onough
there is little doubt that the Communists
will rise and strike a blow for the proletariat. The instant they do, that will be
the signal for the uprising of tho proletariat in France, Italy and Great Britain,
and let it be remembered that Russia
will then be in a position to aid materially
by both her knowledge of the tactics of
revolution, and because, to a great extent, her own difficulties will be removed.
The great question that all countries
will have to face in the near future,
whether in the turmoils of a proletarian
revolution or not, will be that of feeding
the people, and that is where the international question comes in. Russia has
suffered because of the faet that the proletariat of the other nations has not been
able to aid her. The suffering of humanity in the coming struggle for industrial
democracy will be measured by the international solidarity that, is displayed by
the world's workers. It will largely depend on the actions of the agrairian
populations of the countries whieh will be
faced with revolution. So long as the sea
routes are infested by capitalistic navies,
and the agrarian populations lag behind
the eity proletariat, just so long will the
revolutionary period bo prolonged, and
the suffering of the people of the earth
be intensified. The world's ruling class
is now facing its Waterloo, and only an
understanding by the majority of the
workers will bring the new order into
being with ease, and a minimum of suffering. For it must be remembered that
without the aid of workers in the military and naval forces the now dominant
class could not retain its military power.
Surely the workers have a great responsibility, for these rulers have neither the
senso nor the will to ease the birth pangs
of the new order.
(W. Franols Ahern, Special Correspondent ln Australia)
One of the most Infamous measures ever, placed on the statute
book of any British oversea Dominion has lately been written on
to the Statute book ot New Zealand, by tho anti-Labor governmont of tl>at oountry. This meaaure la known as tbe Master and
Apprentice Amendment Aot, and
has for itf express purpose I the
supplying of oheap boy laber to
the wealthy farmers of tbat country. Having depleted tbe oountry
of its man power during the war,
the New Zealand Oovernment has
had to get busy to find other, and
oheap, labor for working the farms
ln that oountry. So lt has hit
upon this specious scheme of get-
alng boy immigrants at little or
no cost to the squatters—the professed patriots of the land.
For some' time past the over-
Is Immoral
LOOSING THE to turn to" satisfy
REVOLUTIONARY their own peoples,
FORCES are slowly but sure
ly   creating    that
condition   that  is   most   necessary   to
revolutionary    activity.     Force,    says
Lloyd George.  Force, says Briand. And
force they may attempt to use to make
Oermany attempt to pay a debt that it
is impossible for that country to pay, and
which, if paid, would ruin the nations receiving it.   Discussing the  question  of
making Germany pay, the Manchester
Guardian has the following to say:
"If Germany pays the enormous
sums demanded of her by the politicians she will have to make violent
and sudden inroads upon the markets of the world, and particularly,
since she is a highly developed industrial state like ourselves, upon the
markets, including  our  own  home
market, which we have been accustomed to supply."
# * #
That is exactly the position the Federationist took more than a year ago, and
it is a position that time has vindicated.
There are, however, othor considerations
that arc involved in the latest actions of
thc Supreme Council.   They  are   even
The returned men have been'* minted
the use of the Returned Soldierr ChiJj.for
another month. Possibly the authorities
think that by April Fools Day the weather will be fine onough for returnedllMstoes
to bivouac in Stanley Park. Th^nmw,
■however, be more than one fooliwcoy
ered by April the 1st.
There would appear to be a striking
similarity in the amount of time given by
the Provincial House to the subject of
unemployment, and the time the Dominion House took to pass legislation which
enables the authorities to deport British-
born subjects from Canada. No time was
wasted in either case. r      i
(By Arthur Thomson)
The economic order known
capitalism,  on -which civilization's
institutions, atates and wealth are
built, la immoral.   It ls fundamentally Immoral.
Capitalism Is tbe rule of the
jungles—every one for himself. Ita
business world la ruled by the
ethlcB of the wolf pack—eat or be
eaten. Its riches are gotten by using men to serve one's own interests or ends—a fundamental Immorality. And the social structure
raised upon it la full of rottenness
and corruption.
It Is customary for capitalism's
preachers and moralists to expose
and denounce the sexual immoralities of today, and the term "Immoral" has almost come to be narrowed down to sex matters. Of
course, under a social order, founded on a fundamental immorality,
it wOuld be dangerous to allow
morals* to become associated with
economics. But the new order ls
going to apply morals to economics
and, as the Carpenter of Nazareth
preached, is* going to proach that
it is Immoral to use a fellowman
for selfish aggrandizement, «
Civilization is branded with the
foliar mark. People are engaged
in a'mad struggle for money. Tho
strugglo for bread is similar to the
struggle for existence in the jungle.
Business man struggles against
business man, and worker against
worker. Every one ls trying to
"get his." "Love your neighbor as
yourself has rough going in such
a mammon-cursed society.
Success is a god of society today. The child in the sohool is
taught that success is to be his
goal. Be successful! The press
worships the successful man, the
pulpit eulogizes him and unsuccessful men envy him.
But what is this thing "success?"
Is the successful man a great benefactor of the human race? Does
he devote his life to the economics
and social emancipation of hla
fellow-men? Is success a thing of
beauty, love and truth?
No, to be successful in the capitalist sense fs to have money, to
make money. As a rule, no questions are asked how you got it—
"get money, honestly if you can—
but get money!" Success and
wealth are synonymous terms ln
present-day society.    .,
Th* pulpiteer may preach that
"you cannot serve God and mammon," bul the world paya little attention. Mammon is king for at
least six days o'f the wek, and on
the, seventh hypooricy rulo*.
An Immoral order cannot last.
It carries within Itself material for
Its downfall, And its downfall ls
being brought about now.
The new order that is arising to
take the place of the present immoral ona will do away with these
fundamental immoralities. "Love
your neighbor as yourself," and
service for the common good, are
to be precepts of this new order.
sea Dominions (Canadft probably
Is up to its neck in the scheme
also) have ben hand tn glove wUh
the British Imperialists in the
scheme of unloading the not-
wanteds of Great Britain on to
the Dominions. In Australia,
largely owing to the vigilance of
the Labor parties and the trade
unionists, the immigration scheme
from Britain has received a somewhat severe check. In New Zealand the workers have not been so
fortunate. Having no solid opposition ln Parliament, they have
been powerless to prevent the Infamous immigration scheme being
carried out to its full, and in the
way best suited to the bosses of
that country.
To the eternal disgrace of the
New Zealand Government lt has
recently passed an enactment of
the most immoral character tn regard to what amounts to actual
boy slavery in that country. Under
ihe title of the Master find Ap
prentice Amendment Act No. 2
introduced by a conscriptionist
landowner and one of the bitterest opponents of Labor ln Now
Zealand, this Act perpetuated upon
unfortunate boy Immigrants re
calls memories of the child slavery
existing in Britain and the Col
onies during the early days of the
factory system.
Under thli infamous Act boys
between the ages of 16 and 19 years
may ba Indentured to the occupation of farming In New Zealand
and auoh indentures may be made
in England. It is not even necessary that th* indenture shall con
tain the name of tho future employer of the lad. It Is assigned
to the Minister Of Immigration in
New Zealand to appoint an employer for the immlgr&nt-appren
tice as soon as he arrives in that
country. The way la thus left
open by which unsuspecting boys
can be Inveigled into signing contracts In Britain to 'learn farming' to some unknown individual
in some unknown part of New
Here ls one brutal clause In
this Infamous measure: "It shall
not be necessary that the parents
or guardians of any apprentice
under this part of the Act should
henparties to or sign, or assent to
any indentures." This clause Is
actually Inserted at the same time
as there ls a law in the land which
makes a lad a minor till he Is 21.
It is," if anything, a direct incentive for boys to run away from
their homes in England In search
of adventure that will end in the
material advantage of thd New
Zealand landlords and farmers.
Under the Act, for the first year
of the apprenticeship the boy receives no wages whatever. After
12 months' service—slavery would
bo tho correct word—the wages
shall be 'such as are usually paid
on farms to boys of the age and
capacity of the apprentice.' As
there ls no award in New Zealand
determining such wages, it can
easily be seen what sort of a fair
deal in the shape of wages, the
'apprentice" will get from his
'generous' farmer bosa.
The indenture provides that
when the boy does begin to receive
wages he has to pay back his passage money and other expenses
incurred on his bohalf. The deluded and helpless lad la at the
absolute mercy of the farmer. If
he funs away or ^commits any misdemeanor he Is liable under the
Act to serious punishments, Including stoppage of wages, imprisonment and solitary confinement
at that. Tho capitalists of Canada
could hardly have conceived a more
brutal piece of legislation as that.
As will he seen, this Infamous
piece of- legislation is designed to
supply the patriotic farmer capitalists of New Zealand with a
steady supply of choap labor recruited from the sons of those
British workers who In many
cases bled and died in order to
make their country "safe for democracy." The Labor members
in the New Zealand Parliament
fought a magnificent though hopeless tight to prevent this legislation being placed on the statute
book of that country, but in vain.
One of the New Zealand Labor
members during the course of a
scorching speech exclaimed: "Indentured labor for the colonies;
is this what 17,000 New Zealand-
ers died for?"
This Infamous Act, empowering
boy indenture slavery in New Zealand is only another example that
there ls no crime in the calendar
that capitalism and Its politicians
will not commit In the pursuit of
March 4, 1911
It Takes Long Experience to
Become an Expert in Diamond
Tlie Intrinsic worth of a Diamond Is not known by ninety
people out of a hundrod.
It is not reasonable to expect tlmt they should know—it's
not their business nor their life study.
So you see the   confidence   and  dependence   that   mnst
naturally be placed in tlio doaler,
His integrity—his sklU—plus fair prices aro the things
thnt count.
We pride ourselves on a reputation for all of these.
Synonymous terms—diamond and Wedding Gifts.
Tho Houso of Diamonds
480-480   Qranvllle  Street
At Oorner Pender
Tha  following four verses and
chorus of The Red Flag aro published by request;
The people's flag Is deepest red;
It shrouded oft oui* martyred dead,
And ere their limbs grew stiff and
Their heart's blood dyed its every
Then   raise   the  scarlet   standard
Within its shade we'll live and die.
Though cowards flinch and traitors
Wo'll  keep the  Red  Flag flying
Look round, the Frenchman loves
its blaze;
The   sturdy   German   chants   Its
In Moscow's vaults its hymns are
Vancouver    swells    the    surging
It well recalls the triumphs past;
It gives the hope of peace at last.
The   banner   bright,   tho   symbol
Of human right and human gain,
1   .r-Chorue.
To bear lt onward till we fall.
With heads uncovered swear we all
Come  dungeon dark,  or gallows
This  song shall  be  our parting
—J, Connell
The Federationist wants to have
the largest circulation of any paper
in British Columbia by the end of
this year. Help us get It, Tackle
your neighbor for a subscription,
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription,
Ntxt Week
An Operatic Revelation
Other Big Features
Mont Siymoor S49S
A Comedy
'Cappy Ricks'
Featuring GEO. B. HOWARD
Labor and Socialist
can be obtained at
The International
Book Shop
Cor. Haatings and Columbia
Mall Order, Promptly
Attended to
Seattle Union Record carried
Stanley Steam
Taxi Co.
(Old time Lumberjack)
Prompt Service Fine Car,
SSI Abbott St.     Vancouver
Phone Sef. 8877-8878
The self-made man usually looks like
an amateur's effort, and in most cases,
displays that the intellectual part was
overlooked when he open, his mouth.
Judging from the lack of interest displayed in thc coal inquiry, tho people of
Vancouver havo no uso for that commodity, or if they have, do not have the
pi-ice to buy it with.
"Beer! Beer! Glorious beer!" Ls thc
song of the Provincial Legislature while
workers are starving.
Several Lines of
Fine Boots
Our Price $7.50
The German "menace" appears to
obscure the Bolsheviki "danger" in the
eyes of the ruling class these days.
Men'a Tweed Caps $1.80
Men's Work Shirts  .1.7S
(Good  ones)
Men's Glovos for, up from..85c
Men's Raincoats from $4.00
Men's   Fine   Shirts,   separate
collar to match  91.75
Men's Sox from, pair  960
Men's  Heavy  Ribbed  Underwear, suit  $2,60
Blankets, pair $4.00
Night Shirts (good flannelette)
for $2.00
Overalls of all kinds.
Matinee 2:30
Evenings 8:20
18 and 20 Cordova St
444 Main St
Ring up Phone Soymonr 1S64
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suite 301 Dominion Building
Get the
Love Habit!
BEDS, Etc., at cost Our stock
is Big ,and so are 'our Bargains, Watch our Auction
Snaps. Furniture Bought and
Love & Co.
Phone Seymour $745
In that dark hour when sympathy and beat service count ao
much—call up
I'lione Falnnont 58
Prompt Ambulance Service
Phone Sey. 221      Day or Night
531 Homer St. Vancouver, B. C
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Funerals of Dignity at Fair
Falrvlew: Office and Chapel.
.391 Oranvllle Street
Phone Bay 3200.
North Vancouver: Office and
Chapel, 132 Sixth St, W.
Phone N. V. 134.
Mount Pleasant:   Offlc* aal
Chapel, 2128 Main St
Phone Fairmont HI.
1160 OeorgU Uriel
Sudsy urtlns, U s.m. sad 7.10 M
Bond.,    ubo-l    Immediately    toUowiiL—
•..mini unlee.    W.I...0., l.elta Mil
meeting,   s   p.m.   ft..   Medina   t'~
.Ol-.OI   Blrke  Bids.
M Hastings St. E.
0. B, V. OABD
FitroiUe lb dm n» Patronise Test
Douglai hli been lubetltuted
fcr fl. F In the new telephone directory whloh will go into nil oa
February 27. Several hundred
numben have alio been changed
from R-F to Seymonr and from
Sermonr to Donglil.
It Ii Imperative lhat yon coa>
luit the new directory io that yea
get the right number when rule
ing a telephone call.
Britlah Columbia Telephone
ONLY    uuiuiT HADE |
Best Quality—Right Prioes
$26 Carrall Street
 Sey. 1260	
sa ima Ton oat
sat Non-alcoholio wines of tl
UNION   HEN'S   ATTENTION nTRIDAT..-...„w Maroh   4, 1111
-   ., .—. ,.j. —--« ' ....— .—■■ ■ ...I
MARCH 17th
Grand Irish
Concert & Dance
Pender St. W.
Further announcements
will appear in the next
issue.   Watch for thom.
SAVE MONET by using
Smaller Grades of
Store $12.50 Ton
The demand for thla coal bt
proof ot the quality.
This la the best HOUSEHOLD
COAL In Vancouver, bar
McNeill, Welch &
Phone Sey. 404-6-6
W. E. Fenn'g School
Phones: Sey. 101—Sey. 305B-O
Social Dances Monday, Wednesday and Saturday, ■
Union OOolaU, write for pricei.   We
Oa ud after Jan. I, 19.0, ws will bt
located at 1121 BOW1 SI.
Dr. W. J. Dbwnie
Master of Practical
Drugless Healing
Fifteenth    Floor    Standard
Bank—Corner of Bastings
and Richards
Phones:    Seymour SOS;
Highland 21S4L
If you are suffering in any way,
We have the equipment
and 40 yean' experience.
There is no knife or
poison used in our treatment.
Write or phone for appointment.
U.   S.   Workers   Want
Action Taken in Open
O. B. U. in Altoona Has
Started the Ball
Realizing the extont of the vox
that le being carried on ln the
United States against organized
Labor, the Altoona Pa., units of the
O. B. U. deolded to take some aetion that would arouse the workers
and If possible result ln a flght
being made against the encroachments of the employing olass. On
Feb. 1, a call was Issued to all organized Labor ln that vicinity to
attend a convention for the purpose of establishing a eounott of
action. Thts convention convened
on Washington's birthday, Feb. 22,
and was attended by a large number of delegates representing mine,
railroad and steei workers, B. F.
Boal of Altoona presided, and Ben
Legere of the O, B. U., who has
shown much activity ln the attempt to force the A. F. of L. to
take some action against the employers, took a leading part in the
The following resolution was
presented to the convention and
adopted, and forwaredd to Frank
Morrison, secretary of the American Federation of Labor:
A Challenge to Action
To the Washington conference of
executives of the American Foderation of Labor, "representing all
national and International Labor
unions affiliated fith the A. F. of
"Tou are gathered to formulate
a 'national policy' for organized
Labor to meet the present industrial situation.
"We delegates in convention assembled at Altoona, Pa., representing various local unions ln Central
Pennsylvania affiliated with the
American Federation of Labor and
Independent organizations, demand
that you, the official heads of Labor
recognize the organized campaign
of the employors ln the United
States for the 'open shop' and wage
reductions aa a declaration of war
upon the working class of this
country by the employing class.
"We point out that effective resistance to such an attack can only
be made by united, general action
of all organized Labor In this country.
"We declare that such general
action cannot be taken under existing laws and' constitutions of
Labor unions unless the executives
In power ln the various unions Initiate a nation-wide movement for
a general strike of all Labor.
"Therefore, we call upon you,
now that you are assembled togethor to Initiate such action or stand
condemned by the rank and flle of
Labor as the allies of the employ'
ers ln their drive agalnat the working class.
"We declare that you, the heads
of Labor can only escape this indictment by taking the following
"Issue an ultimatum to all em
ployers of Labor, all press agencies
of the employers, all legislative bodies, chambers of commerce and
organizations of employers, asserting the right of Labor to organize,
to bargain collectively and to strike
"Demand of all such bodies,
compirance with the following demands within ten days."
1, That nil publicity and advocacy of the "open shop" cease.
2, That all wage reductions halt
and all wage decreases put into
effect since July 1, 1920, be restored to the rates then existing.
3. That all anti-Labor and anti
strike legislation now existing be
4. That all pending and proposed anti-labor and anti-strike legislation be withdrawn.
We further demand that you call
upon all executives of Independent
Labor organizations to Join with
you In enforcing these demands by
preparation for a nation-wide general strike of all Labor.
Also that you call upon alt Central Labor bodies to unite wtth all
Independent Labor in-their reaper
tivo localities for a general strike
like that put into effect In Wlnnipog In May, 1919.
And Anally we call upon you to
provide for a national convention
of all organizod labor which will
bc empowered to fix date for such
general strikes to take place slmul
taneously in ail localities lf there
he any failure on the part of the
organizations of employers to com
ply wtth these just demands of
Chalramn of Convention.
Seoretary of Convention.
Another resolution was then presented that calls for wide publicity
and further action, the resolution
was as follows:
Resolved: "That the challenge to
action Issued by this convention to
he officials of the American Federation of Labor bo referred to the
couneil of action for Central Pennsylvania with Instructions to embody same ln a leaflet to be given
Lhe widest possible distribution
among the rank and flle of the
workers of America to the end that
they may throw off the shackles of
tfflclal control and organize ln a
powerful union of the working
Resolutions committee votes concurrence.
There WiU Be (?) Dark
Times for Labor
(By the Federated Preaa)
Chicago —At leaat one man in
Chicago professes deep oonoern for
the future of American Labor—
organized Labor especially—when
the time shall come for Samuel
Sompers to "shuffle off," as he oalled lt. He is Thomas J. Sullivan,
manager of the American Press
League, a bureau whioh supplies
articles on "economics" to ncwiV
papers and other publications.
Mr. Sullivan, in an interview in
whloh the Federated Press tried to
get a "slant" on the league, deolared that dark times are ahead of th*
American Labor movement if, in
the event of the death of the president of the American Federation of
Labor, the "radicals" get control of
the organisation. Incidentally he
favors the "open shop" wherever he
thinks that polloy "beneficial .'or
the great American people."
Speaklnng of organized labor, he
aaid It would be a bad time for tha
"great American people" when 4,-
000,000 men should tell them what
to do. Reverting to Mr. Oompers,
the head of the American Press
League asserted that he had great
respeet tor him and, he said, so did
the employers of the United States.
"There is not an employer," he declared, "who will not tell you Mr.
Gompers is a great man. He has
built up a wonderful maohlne and
they know he Is fair,"
A statement which the league
sends to employers, from whom it
seeks flnanclal support all the way
from ?10 to 110,000, claims that
"it Is the right of any man to
choose his occupation and to peacefully pursue It without regard to
organized boss rule." After declaring that the most effective means
of carrying "constructive" educational matter to the greatest possible number of people Is through
the press of the country, the statement goes on to. say that "the American Press League has made an
arrangement to supply ln the form
of newspaper plates an editorial
service to thousands of dally and
weekly newspapers throughtout the
United States."
The service Is said to include
specially written articles attacking
the A. F. of L. and Gompers. For
such anti-trade union articles no
extra charge is made.
There Is no truth, writes the
Dally Herald Moscow correspondent
In the reported risings Inside Soviet
Big Transport and General Workers Federation
Six Shipbuilding Unions
Vote to Amalgamate
In Qreat Britain the flowing together of separate unions into giant
Labor organizations ts the* order of
the day. On Deo. 1, 1980, a National Delegate conference composed of ' representatives of many
transport and general workers
unions was held at Anderton's hotel, London, to take steps to bring
all the unions Into one big amalgamation,
Balloting ls now taking place,
and flnal results will be known
some time ln Maroh. Results so far
recorded are all favorable. Following are the unions taking the
National Union of Dock, Riverside and Oeneral Workers ln Great
Britain and Ireland; Wharf, Riverside and General Workers Union
of Great Britain and Ireland;
Seotttsh Union of Dock Laborers;
Amalgamated Society of Watermen,
Lightermen and Bargemen; Amalgamate^ Stevedores Labor Protection League; the Labor Protection
League; National Amalgamated
Laborers Unton of Great Britain
and Ireland; the Cardiff, Penarth
and Barry Coal Trimmers Union,;-
North of England Trimmers and
Teemers Association; National
Union of Docks, Wharves' and
Shipping Staffs; National Union of
Ships Clerks, Grain Weighers and
Coal Meters; United Vehicle Workers Union; National Union of Vehicle Workers; North of Scotland
Horse and Motormen's Association;
Associated Horsemen's Union, and
the National Amalgamated Coal
Workers Union.
Just a month previous, the National Union of Millers had voted
overwhelmingly to throw In their
lot with the second of the unions
above enumerated, making a total
of 17 untons which will become
amalgamated, many of the unions,
as their names show, already ■ being amalgamations of previously
distinct Labor organizations. .
Shipbuilding Trades Unite .
On.Feb. 8 a tally of the ballots
Medical Relief Committee
Issues a Further
A further appeal for aid for Soviet Russia hu been made by the
Soviet Russia Medical Relief committee of New Tork. It ls as follows:
To the Frienda and Supporters of
of half a dozen unloni representing
all the skilled constructional workers in the shipbuilding Industry
showed the result as ln favor of
Each unton showed a majority
vote for amalgamation, to which
effect will be given within the next
tew monthi.
The new body will be known as
the "General Combination of Ship
Construotural and Engineering
Workeri." It will embraoe the
Boilermaker!, thi Iron and Steel
Shipbuilder! Society, the Ship Constructor! and Shipwrights Association, thl Associated Blacksmiths &
Ironworkers Soolety, the General
Bheet Metal Workors Society and
the Amalgamated Society of Woodworkers.
Roughly, 800,000 men will thui
join forces .completely for all Industrial purposes, and will become
one of the most Important and
powerful of Industrial combinations. Every man among them ls
a highly skilled craftsman, and acting together they could, if necessary, completely control the business of shipbuilding.
Labor Power Rule
When Jurisdictional disputes
between rival unions arise, employers an glad. Divided labor makes
happy employers. Over and over
again employers have said that labor did not have sense enough to
be united.
Labor is uniting. The streams
of Labor organization go back historically to various little hidden
springs of secret Labor societies because Labor was forbidden by law
to organize. These little springs
sent their little rivulets fo unite ln
larger brooks these brooks flowed
tp larger streams, till now mighty
rivers are uniting, all tending to
the big ocean of Labor organization
t/hat will be the supreme law of the
world. Sea power as against land
nower has ruled the world ln all
historical conflicts so also will Labor power rule when the streams
of Labor organization have found
their terminus to which they are
the Soviet Russia Medical Relief Committee:
A ihort time ago a cable from
Soviet Rusaia wai received by the
representative In the United State!
of thl All-Russian Jewish Public
Committee, Dr. D. Dubrowsky. In
that cable emphasis Is laid upon
the faot that ln certain sections
and localities ln White Russia
which were vacated by the Poles
about thi latter part of Ootober,
1920 a fresh outbreak of epidemics
ti threatened. The people in thou
provinces are still living In din
misery, having been stripped of almost everything during the perpetual warfare of the past ilx
years. Notwithstanding thi energetic work of the Russian public
health authorities ln the district of
Borlsov alone 11,000 adults and
88,000 children wen registered as
starving. In the southwestern part
of Russia there ate over 600,000
war orphans, about 25 per cent, of
whom are consumptive, and need
Immediate help,
Tho following cable appears la
The Nation, in its Usui of February 16, ai. having been received by
thi American Friends Service
Committee (Quakers):
"Thirty-eight thousand Moscow babies med milk dally;
present supplies can only tooA
7,000; Infantile mortality 40 per
cint; 660,000 gross tint condensed milk urgently needed for
feeding Moioow Infants during
March, April and May. Wa
urgently require milk, cod liver
otl and loap for 6,000 cbildrin
between 8 and I yoars old, al*
ready known to Moscow health
authoritiei as requiring sanatorium care, 81.000 children between 8 and 16 known to Moscow health authorities ag requiring sanatoria, med soap and fat
Clothing needs an for soft materials for Infants; sweaters, underwear, stockings, and boots for
older children."
Among the thingi most urgently
needed ln addition to food, clothing, canned milk and baby food
are, of course, medical supplies,
particularly disinfectants ahd vao-
vlnes against tuberculosis and
It ls the task of the Soviet Russia Medical Relief committeo to
provide the needed medical sup-
piles as speedily and aa adequately as possible, for with the setting
In of mild weather, epidemics and
contagious disease! an beginning
to spread. They an threatening
not only Western Burope, but an
already beginning to reach thli
Wo appeal to all who an ablo
to help ln this campaign agalmt
disease and starvation to send ln
their contributions to the Soviot
Russia Medical Relief committee,
Room 606, 110 West 40th Street,
Niw Tork City.
Soviet Russia Medical
Relief Committee,
Now Tork City, Feb. 14, 1921,
Where is your Union button?
Shirt Special
Sizes 14 to 18'/a
Priees np to *4.00 for  tf.W
Prices up to *5.00 for ~*T^-}
Priees up to $6.50 for . _~-
$1.00 values at
$1.25 values at.
$1.75 values at
$2.00 values at
$2.50 values at
$2.75 values at
$3.00 values at
$3.50 values at
Clubb & Stewart Lti
Men's and" Boys'Clothiers
2Stores !
Qnebeo Loggeras Woek and
Under Very B—rttt—a
♦       Condition.
Quebec, Qua.—Men eai hone,
ar, homed tore ther in a lumber
camp JO mile, north ot her,, Dr.
C. R. Paquln, chief city medical
officer, reported on hl» return trom
an inspection of campa north of
Lake Beauport, on behalf of tha
Provincial Superior Board of
"Many of thaaa camps ara not
flt for human beings," ha aald, "for
they ara too amall, badly ventilated and badly lighted. Tha men
have neither bade nor bunka, balne
compelled to Bleep od tha floor on
bougha. .
"In tha camp where horaea and
man ara housed together there la
no partition, tha animals Bleeping
and feeding In the aame apartment
aa the wage-workers."
Soma merchants In town do not
think yonr custom Is muoh use to
them, or they wonld advertise their
wares la The FederationiBt to secure yonr trade. Remember thla
when yon are about to make a purchase.
Patronise Fed Advertisers.
tr«r York gootalMe Bent*notd tt
15 to ao Yean to Bo
Haw Tork —Commutation af
eentenoe haa bean granted by Praaldant Wilaon to tha four Bustlaii*
—Jacob Abrams, Samuel Llppmaa,
HymanLachowaky and Mollis Stat-
ner—now serving aentencea In Federal prisons for objecting to th*
Invasion of Russia by United Stats*
troops, according te tha announcement of that- oounsel, Barry Weinberger. Tha It-year term of Motile Stelmer aal th* 10-year tans*
of the men hava bean reduced ta
two yeara and alx montha, wtth deportation to Ruaala at th* expiration of tha new term.
While Abrams, Llppman and
Lachowaky have signified thalr
willingness to (Muni te Russia,
Mollie Stelmer, Insisting on peraonal liberties, ha* refused ta sign any
atatement and haa deolared h*r
right to liv* la any part of th*
world she chooses.
While May Day ha* been eat a*
the dosing das* (ar th* raising ot
$5,000 tor th* Federatlonist, II
should be understood that w* need
Buy at • salon ston.
The international Association of
Machinists announced from Wash-
naton, D.C. that It had formally
milled to the Soviet government
if Russia for a contraot to act as
xcluslve agent of the Russian government ln America for the placing
if all contracts for machinery and
iLhcr metal material ln America.
And Financial Security
We need it in our fight for the working class
How much are yon interested in that fight?
DURING the last two years the cost of production has
gone up 75 per cent. In addition to that all the active
reactionary forces have waged a fight against the
Federationist because of its clear-cut and uncompromising
Advertisers Withdraw
■■ ■ i '       . ■■"—       "■-
Advertisers have withdrawn their support, while admitting the efficiency of the paper as an advertising medium.
Some of them have stated openly that unless the policy of the
paper was changed they would be compelled to withdraw
their patronage. A glance at our advertising columns will
disclose just how far this opposition has gone.
No Change in Policy
The directors have faced the difficulties that have had to
be surmounted with a determination not to be dictated to by
advertisers. Feeling that unaided,' tlrey could not wage the
fight that must be faced if the papier is to give the same
service as in the past, a number of. workers who have shown
interest in the working-class movement, representing all
kinds of organized labor, were invited to a meeting to discuss the situation. It was decided unanimously that the
workers of the province and country should be appealed to
and their aid solicit''
Need for Ready Cash
With restricted finances the highest prices have to be paid
for supplies owing to the fact that they must be bought in
small quantities. With ready cash this difficulty can be overcome and some saving effected. With the aid of tbe workers
the directors will be able to carry on and overcome the difficulties that face them. But if the fight is to be won it can
only be won by the working class and not by a few individuals.
And an Increased Circulation for the
Federationist by May Day
Will Continue Fight
The Federationist will continue to fight as it has in the
past for the workers, irrespective of tbeir affiliations. When
• the workers are struggling against their employers it is with
them on all occasions and without respect to craft, race or
creed. But it can only continue as long as the finances are
Labor versus Capital
When the line up is labor vs. capital, it can hardly be expected that the enemy will contribute the sinews of war.
The fight is therefore one that the workers must assume.
This responsibility has been recognized by a large committee
which will work in the city of Vancouver with the object of
securing the amount mentioned above. Other parts will also
be asked to add their quota in the fight and labor in all parts
will be asked to join in. We need the money. We need more
Close May Day
May Day is International Labor Day.
That day has been set aside for the conclusion of the campaign. Five thousand dollars and five thousand new subscribers by May Day. Official receipts will be sent to any
officer or responsible member of the working class for distribution. Let us know what you can do and intend doing
and the necessary supplies will be forwarded.
More Subscribers Needed
The Federationist has the largest circulation of any Labor
paper in Canada. Only two dailies in British Columbia exceed its circulation. As an advertising medium it has no
equal when the workers are to be reached. But there are
many workers who do not subscribe. This can be remedied.
Why not help in placing the Federationist in the premier
position regarding circulation?
WM You Help ?
Will you assist in aiding the Federationist to be in an in*
dependent position by May Day? Our flght is your concern.
You can aid us and we will assist you, but you must do your
bit and do it now.
Send As Much As You Can and As Often As You Can BEFORE MAY DAY
Let the Slogan be: "Put the Federationist on Easy Street9* PAGE SI*
thirteenth ybar. No, »     THE BRITISH COLUjflBIA FEDERATIONIST
Fresh Meat Department
On sale un Friday and Saturday,
Slater's famous pork shoulders,
weighing from i to 9 lbs,; reg. SSe
Ib.    Special, per lb _..__26 1-2(1
Come  along  on   Friday  and  select
four shoulder for  Sunday's  roast.
Fret De.Hnry
Choice Rump Roasts  from,  per lb 28c
Choice T-Bunc Roasts   from,   per  Hi...31c
Choice    Sirloin    Hon. ts    from,    lb 31c
•Choice  Oven   Roasts   from,   per  lb 18c
Choice  Pot  IioAsts   from,  per  lb 17c
Choice Boiling  Beef  from,  per lb 16c
Choice  Stew  Beef  from,  per  lb 20c
Choice  Rolled   Roasta   of   Beef,  on
sale   on   Friday   and   Saturday.     Keg.
85c per lb.,  special,  per lb 26 l-2c
In cuts of from 2 lbs. up to 10 lbs.
Choice Slew Lamb, per lb 20c
Choice Loins of Mutton, per lb 29 l-2c
Choice Shoulders  of  Mutton,   lb...23 l-2c
Choice Legs  of  Mutton,  per  lb 38c
"Left Wing" Communism
******    ****** .^ ******     ******
Infantile   Disorder
Oar  famous  Middle  Cut  of   Pork,
practically no bone,  In cuts of two
pounds and up to  10 lbs.    Reg. 40c
per lb., spocial, per lb 34  1-2C
Free Delivery.
Ashcroft White Beans, 1 lbs.  for ....26c
Small Green Peas,  4  lbi.  for   25c
Pork  and  Beans,   8   for  —«.«». 25c
Sardines,  1  for  „_......26c
Rolled Oats,  5 lbs.  for  26c
Vine Large Prunes,  2 lbs. for ..........26c
Slater's Tea, Orange Pekoe, per lb...46c
Slater's Coffee, per lb. —   46c
Nabob  Tea,   per  lb.     - 66c
lolled Oats,   Mb.  sask   _. 36c
Tomato  Soup, 2 for   26c
Fine Kitchen Salt, 8  sacks for  26o
legal Shaker Salt 15c
Provision Department
Slater's  Sliced Streaky Bacon.    Rogular
46c,   now   40c
Slater's Sliced  Streaky Bacon.    Regular
60c, now  _ 46c
Slater's  Sliced Streaky  Bacon.    Regular
-  66c,  now   60c
Slater's  Sliced Streaky Bacon.    Regular
60c,  now  „.—  —66c
Here's a tremendous cut In price,
on Friday and Saturday, until sold
ont, we will'sell Sugar Cured Sliced
Streaky Bacon. Priced elsewhere at
60c and 65c por lb.    Oar price on
Friday and Saturday, per lb 86c
Praa DallTuy
We hava secured   a   consignment   of
•ur famous Sugar Cured Boneless Cottage
Rolls, weighing from 4 to 8 pounds.  Reg.
{.er lb. 49c, Friday and   Saturday,   per
b.   -  44 1-2C
Free Delivery
We lead, others follow. Our
famous Alberta Creamery Butter on
Friday and np to 11 a.m. on Saturday.    Speeial, por lb, ~. _ 60C
Froo delivery. Limit 6 lbs.
Our Special Sugar Cured Bacon, In
half or whoie slabs, sold regular at 60c
per lb., Friday and Saturday, lb...S8 l-2c
On sale on Friday and  Saturday
until   aold   out,   oar   famous   Picnic
Hams.   Bag. 86e per lb., Friday and
I Saturday, per lb. - 251-2c
LABD!         LABD!         LABD!
Finest Pure Lard on sale on Friday
and  Saturday  up  to   12   a.m.    Regular
80c per lb., special, 2 lbs. for. 39c
SPUDS I       SPUDS I       SPUDS!
Choico Quality Spuds, per sack.Jl.3S
Finest Quality Spuds, per aack....$1.60
Free Delivery
Fineat Compound Lard, 2 lbs. for 36c
Finest Dairy Batter,  per lb .....45c
Finest  Canadian  Cheese,  per  Ib 36c
Tumblers of Mixed Pickles, 2 for ....36c
Slater's famous  Streaky Bacon,  in
2 and 3-lb. pieces, sugar cured.   Reg.
40c per lb.   Special, per lb 39 l-2c
 Free Delivery
128 Hastings St. E. Phone Sey. 8262
1101 Granville St. (cor. Davie) Spy. 6149
•SO GranvUle Street. Phone Sey. 866
•260 Main Street,   Phone Fairmont 1683
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—President, J. M. Clarke;
vice-president, R. W. Hatley; secretary
J O. Smith; treasurer, A. S. Wells;
Mrgeant-at-arms, E. Home; trustees,
Can, Vanrubien, Sleverwrlght and Midgloy. MeeU Srd Wednesday each month
Ib tha Pender Hall, corner of Pender and
Howa streets.   Phone Sey. 291,
ell—Meeta    aecond    Monday    In    lbs
■sooth.    Prosldent, J. F. McConnell: ass*
tetary, R. H. Neelands, P. O. Box 69,
need bricklayers or masons for boiler
works, etc., or marble setters, phone
Bricklayers' Union, Labor Temple.
O. B. U.—President, E. Andro; secreUry, W. Service. Meets 2nd and 4th
Wednesday la eaeh month in Pender Hall,
cor. of Pender and Howe streets. Phone
Bey.  2S1. 	
ployees, Loeal 28—Meets every seeond
Wednesday ln the month at 2:80 p.m.
and every fourth Wednesday In the month
at 6:90 p.m. President, John Cummlngs,
secret'-y and business agent, A. Graham.
Offlce and meeting hnll, 441 Beymour St.
%. Phone Sey. 1681. Offlco boars, 8
sjn, to 6 p.m,
Association, Local 88-52—Offlce and
hall, 162 Cordova Bt. W. Meeta first
and third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-
treasurer, F. Chapman; business agont,
B. Richards.
era' Union—Meets 2nd and 4th Mondays. President, J. E. Dawson, 1645 Yew
St., Kitsilano; secretary, E. T. Kelly,
1860 Hutings St. E.; recording secretary,
L. Holdsworth, 689— 14th St. W., North
WORKERS Dept. of the 0. B. U.—
An Industrial onion of all workers in logging and construction camps. Coast District and General Headquarters, 61 Cordova St. W., Vancouver, B. C. Phone Bey.
T866. E. Wlncb, general secretary-
treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Macdonald b Co., Vancouver, B. C.; auditors, Messrs. Buttar At Chiene, Vancou-
~ -, B. 0,
—Affiliated with Tradea and Labor Council and Theatrical Federation, Vancouver.
President, J. R. Foster; secretary and
treasurer, T. W. Sapstcd. Office and meeting room, 810 London Building, Pender
Bt. W. Regular meeting night, flrat
Bunday in each month at 7:80 p.m. Business Agent, W, Woolridge. Phone Fraser
North America (Vancouver and vleln-
K) — Braneh meets second and fourth
ttdaya, 819 Pender St. W. President,
Wm. Hunter, 918 Tenth Ave., North Vanoouver; flnanclal secretary, E. Goddard
150 Bleharda Street; recording secretary,
J. D. Ruiiell, Booth Rd., McKay P. 0.,
Burnaby, B. C.
•n Bridgemen, Dcrrlckmen and Riggers
at Vanconver and vicinity. Meits every
Monday, 8 p.m., In 0. B. U. Hall, 804
Pender Bt. W, President, A. Brooka;
flnanclal aeoretary and business agent, W.
Tucker.   Phone,   Seymour  291,
Typographical union  no.  226—
Meeta last Sunday of each month at
I p.m. President, A. E, Robb; vice-
president,  0. H.  Collier:  lecrfitary-treas-
aw, 1. H. Neelands. Box 66.	
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meeta A. 0. F. Hall, Mount Pleasar*
1st and 8rd Mondays at 10.16 a.m. and
6m. President, F, A. Hoover, 2409 Clarke
rive; recording-secretary, F. E. Griffin,
447—6th Avenue Esst; treasurer, E. 8.
Cleveland;   financial-secretary   and   busi-
(Note by Editor—The question of affiliation with the Third or Moscow
International, Is being discussed In Socialist circles throughout the
world. Tlie terms of affiliation have caused more than one split In Socialist parties. In view of these foots, and that Lenin is no doubt aware
of all that these terms imply, and that he is a master of working-class
tactics, we feel thnt a perusal of the latest work of the head of the Soviet regime in Russia, "Left Communism, An Infantile Disorder," wiil be
of great assistance to our readers in arriving at definite conclusions as
to the programme of the Third International. We therefore publish
In serial form the work referred to, and publish the third Instalment this
week. This work waa published in the Old Land by the British Communist Party.)
[By Nikolai Lenin]
(Continued from last week)
Shou.d We Participate in Bourgeois Parliaments?
THE German Left Communists, with the greatest contempt—and
the greatest lightmindedness—reply to this question In the negative. Their arguments? In the quotation cited above we saw:—
"to refuse most decisively any return to the historically and politically
worn-out forms of struggle of parliamentarism."
This Is sp.id with absurd pretentiousness, and la obviously Incorrect.
"Return" to parliamentarism! Does that mean that the Soviet Republic already exists in Germany? It doea not look as though such were
the case. How is it possible, then, to speak of "returning"? Js not
this an empty phrase?
Historically, "Parliament has become worn-out"; this la correct as
regards propaganda. But everyone knows that it la atill very far from
being threadbare when the practical queation of eliminating Parliament Is under consideration. Capitalism could, and very rightly, have
been described as "historically worn-out" many decades ago, but thts
In no way removes the necessity of a very long and very hard struggle
against capitaliam at the present day. Parliamentarian! ls "historically worn-out" In a world-historical sense; that Is to say, the epoch
ol bourgeois parliaments has come to an end, the epoch of the proletarian dictatorship has begun. This is incontestably true. But the
acale of the world's hiatory is reckoned by decades. Ten or twenty
years sooner or later—this from the point of view of the world-
historical scale makes no difference, from the point of view of world-
history it ls a trifle, which cannot be even approxmately reckoned.
But this Is just why It ls a crying theoretcal mistake to refer, In
questions of practical politics, to the world-historical scale.
Parliament is "polltcally worn-out?" This Ib quite another matter.
If this were true, the position of the "Left" would be strong. Whether
It is actually true must be proved by the most searching analysis; the
"Left" do not even know how to tackle the problem. In the "theses
on Parliamentarism," published in No. 1 of the Bulletin of the Provisional Amsterdam Bureau of tlie Communist International, February,
1920, which obviously expresses Dutch-Left, (or Left-Dutch) views, we
shall see that the analysis,; too, is very poor.
In the flrat place, the German "Left," as is known, considered parliamentarism "politically worn-out" as far back as January, 1919,
contrary to the opinion of such eminent political • leaders as Rosa
Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht. It has now been seen that the
Left" made a miBtake. Thla alone radically destroys the proposition
that "parliamentarism is politically worn-out." It is incumbent upon
the "Left" to prove that their mistake at that time has now ceased
to be a mistake. They do not, and cannot, give even the shadow of
a proof of thetr proposition. The attitude of a political party towards
its own mistakes is one of the most important and surest criteria of
the seriousness of the party and of how It fulfils In practice its obligations towards lta claas and towards the labouring masses. To admit
a mistake openly, to disclose Its reasons, to analyse the surroundings
which created it, to study attentively the means of correcting It—
these are the signs of a serious party; this meana the performance
of Its duties; thla means educating and training the class, and, subsequently, the musses. By neglecting this, by falling to proceed with
the utmost care, attention and prudence to investigate their self-
evident mistake, the "Left" ln Germany (and some in Holland) proved
themselves thereby to be not a class party, but a circle, not a party
of the masses, but a group of Intellectuals, and a handful of workers
who imitate the worst characteristlce of the Intellectuals.
Secondly, in the same pamphlet of the Frankfurt group of "Left-
Wingers," from which we have already cited in detail, we read: "Millions
of workmen, still following the policy of the centre" (the Catholic "Centre" Party) "are counter-revolutionary. The village proletarians produce legions of counter-revolutionary troops."   (p. 3).
Everything shows that this is said In much too off-hand and exaggerated a manner. But thc fact here stated is fundamentally correct, and
its acknowledgment by the "Left" gcos to prove their mistake with particular clearness. How is it possible to say that "parliamentarism la
politically worn out" when "millions" and "legions" of proletarians rft
only stand up for parliamentarism generally, but are directly counterrevolutionary? It Is clear, then, that parliamentarism In Germany ia not
worn-out politically aa yet. It Is evident that the "Left" In Germany
have mistaken their desire, their ideo-political attitude, for objective
reality. This is the most dangerous error which can be made by revolutionaries. In Russia, where the fierce and savage yoke of Czarism, extending over a long period, had created an extraordinarily great variety
of revolutionaries of every creed, remarkable for their wonderful devotion, enthusiasm, strength of mind, and heroism, we watched this mistake particularly closely; and lt ls because we studied it with particular
attention that this mistake is especially familiar to us, and especially
apparent to our eyes when revolutionaries ln other countries fall into it.
For the Communists In Germany parliamentarism Is, of course, "politically outworn;" but—and this Is the whole point—we must not deem
that that which ts outworn for us Is necessarily outworn for the class,
the masses. Here, again, we see that the "Left" do not know how to
argue, do not know how to behave as a class, aB a party of the masses.
True, lt is our duty not to sink to thc level of the masses, to the level of
the backward strata of the class. This is Incontestable. It is our duty
to tell them the bitter truth. It la our duty to call their bourgeois-democratic and parliamentary prejudices by their right name. But, at tho
snme Ume, lt is our duty to watch soberly the actual state of consciousness and preparedness of the whole class, and not of the Communist
vanguard alone; of the wholo laboring masB, and not merely of its foremost men.
If, not "millions" and "legions," but merely a considerable minority
of Industrial workers follow the Catholic priests, and lf a considerable
minority of villago workera follow the landowners and rich peasants
(grossbauren), It inevitably means that parliamentarism is not politically outworn as yet; hence participation in parliamentary elections and
the struggle on the parliamentary platform is obligatory for the party
of the revolutionary proletariat, just for the purpose of educating the
backward masses of its own class, just in orderto awaken and enlighten
tho undeveloped, down-trodden, ignorant massos. Just so long as you
are unable to disperse the bourgeois parliament and other reactionary
institutions, you are bound to work inside them, and for tho very reason
that there are atill workmen within them made fools of by priests or by
the remoteness of village life. Otherwise you run the risk of becoming
more babblers.
Thirdly, the "Left" Communists have a great deal to say In proise of
us Bolsheviks. One Bometimes feels like telling them that tt were better
to prulsa us less, and go more thoroughly into the tactics of the Bolsheviks, to get better acquainted wtth them. We participated in the elections to the Russian bourgeois parliament, the Constituent Assembly, In
September-November, 1917, Were our tactics right or not? If not,
thts should bo clearly stated and proved; this is essential for the working'out of the right tactics for International Communism. If, on tho
other hand, wo were right, certain Inrercni-'es should be drawn. Of
course, there can bo no question of approximating Russian conditions to
the conditions of Western Europe. But where thc special quostion of
the phrase "parliamentarism has become politically outworn" is concerned, it is necessary by all means to gauge our experience; since, without a proper estimate of concrete experiences, such conceptions too easily reBolve themselveB Into empty phrases. Had not we Russian Bolsheviks, tn September-November, 1917, more right than any Western
Communist to consider that parliamentarism in Russia had become politically outworn? Undoubtedly we had, for the point is not whether
bourgeois parliamentarism has existed for a long or a short period, but
nets agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4808 Dumfries Street; office corner Prior and Main
Sti.   Phone Fair 8604R.
of the 0. B. U. meets on tho flrst and
third Wednesday ol every month. All
membera la this district are Invited to
Provincial Unions
and   Lahor   Council—Moeta   flrat   and
third  Wedneadaya.  Knight*   of   Pvthlas
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dent, A. 0. Pike; vice-president, C. E.
Copeland; soe retary-treasurer, E. S.
Woodward, P. 0. Box 802, Victoria, B.C.
Secretary- treasurer,  N.  Booth,   Box  217,
Princo Rupert.	
PRINCE   RUPERT   0.   B.   U.~8ecre-
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Hi i port.	
COUNOIL, 0. B. U.—Meets every Tuesday In the Mclntyre Hall at 8 p.m. Meetings open to all 0. B. U. members. Sec-
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Prince Ruperl, B. 0,
Guaranteed Coal
If our coal is not satisfactory to you, after you
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Pbonti Boymoui 1M1 ud 461
to what ntent the laboring matte, fire prepared, _pirltaally, politically
and practically to accept the Sevlet retime and to dieperu (or allow to
be disponed) the bouneois-democrajlc parliament That In Ruuia in
September-November, mt, the working clu.ee ot the town., the Millers and the peasant., were, owing to a .erlee •( special circumstance.,
axoeptionally well prepared (or the acceptance of tho Soviet regime and
the dispersal ot the democratic bourgeois parliament, ls a quite incontestable and fully-established historical fact. However, the Bolsheviks
did not boycott the Constituent Assembly, but took part ln the elections
before, aB well as after, the conquest of political power by the proletariat. That these elections gave very valuable (and for the proletariat
highly beneficial) political results-rthis I hope to have proved ih the
above-mentioned article, which deals in detail with the data concerning
tho elections to the Constituent Assembly in Russia.
The inference which follows" from this Is quite clear; it has been
proved that participation In bourgeois-democratic parliaments a few
weeks before the victory of the Soviet Republic, and even after that victory, not only has not harmed the revolutionary proletariat, but has actually made It easier to prove to the backward masses why such parliaments should be dispersed, has made It easier to disperse them, and hoe
facilitated the process whereby bourgeois parliaments are actually made
"politically outworn." To pretend to belong to the Communist International, which must work out Its taotlcs Internationally (not on narrow
national lines), and not to reckon with this experience, is to commit a
great blunder, and, while acknowledging internationalism ln words, to
draw back from it in deeds.
Let us have a look at the arguments of the "Dutch Left" ln favor of
non-participation in parliaments. Here Is the most important of their
theses, No. i:
When the capitalist system of production Is broken down and so.
ciety Is in a state of rovolution, parliamentary activity gradually loses
its significance as compared with the action of the masses themselves.
Whon then under such conditions Parliament becomes the centre and
organ of counter-revolution, while on the other hand the working-
class creates the tools of Its power ln the shape of Soviets, lt may even
become necessary to decline all and any participation In parliamentary
The first sentence is obviously wrong, since the aotion of the masse.—
a big strike for Instance—is more important always than parliamentary
activity, and not merely during a revolution or In a revolutionary situation. This obviously meaningless argument, historically and politically
noorrect, only shows, with particular clearness, that the authors absolutely Ignore both the general European experience (the French experience before the revolutions of 1848 to 1890, etc.), and the Russian, cited
above, with regard to tho importance of unifying legal anl Illegal forms
of the struggle. This question has immense significance generally as
well as specially. In all civilized and advanced countries, the time is
coming speedily—lt may, in fact, be said already to have come—when
such unification becomes more and more—and, to an extent, has already
become—obligatory for the party of the revolutionary proletariat. It ls
necessitated by the development and approach of the civil war between
the proletariat ahd the bourgeoisie, by the furious persecution of Communists by republican and nil bourgeois governments generally breaking
the law in innumerable ways (the American example alone 'Is invaluable.) The most Important question has not been at all understood by
these Dutch "Left Communists" or by the "Left" generally.
The second phrase of the theses is, in the flrst place, historically untrue. We Bolsheviks took part ln the most counter-revolutionary parliaments. Experience showed that such participation was not only useful, but necessary to tho party of. the revolutionary proletariat, directly
after thc first bourgeois revolution In Russia (ln 1806), to prepare the
way for the second bourgeois revolution (February, 1917), and then for
the Socialist revolution (November, 1917). In the second place, this
phrase is strikingly Illogical. If parliament becomes an organ and a
"centre" (by the way it never has been In reality, and never can be, a
"centre") of counter-revolution, and the workmen create the tools of
their power in tho form of Soviets, It follows that the workers must prepare themselves—Ideologically, politically, technically—for the struggle
of the Soviets against parliament, for the dispersion of parliament by tlie
Soviets. But it does not at all follow that such a dispersion is made
more difficult, or is not facilitated, by the presence, of a Soviet opposition
within the counter-revolutionary parliament. In the course of our victorious flght against Denikin and Kolchak, it never occurred to us that
thc existence in their rear of a Soviet, proletarian opposition, was immaterial to our victories. We know perfectly well that the dispersion of
the Constituent Assembly on January .6, 1918, was not made more difil-
cult, but was facilitated by the fact that, within the dispersed counterrevolutionary Constituent Assembly, thore was a consistent Bolshevik,
as woll as an inconsistent Left-Social Revolutionary, Soviet opposition.
The authors of the theses got Into a muddle; they forgot the experience
of many, if not all, revolutions,, which proved how particularly useful
during a revolution Is the co-ordination of mass action outside a reactionary parliament with an opposition,Inside the parliament wheh sympathizes wtth—or better still directly supports—revolution.
These Dutchmen (nnd the "Left" In-general) altogether argue here as
doctrainaires of revolution, who' never took part in a real one, or never
deeply reflected on the history of the revolution, or naively mistake the
subjective "denial" of a certain reactionary Institution for its destruction
In reality by the unltod forces of a wholo series of objective factors. The
surest way of discrediting a new political (and not only political) Idea,
and to cause it harm, is, under pretext of defending it, to reduce lt to an
absurdity. For every truth, as Dietzgen senior said, if it be "carried to
excess," if it be exaggerated, if it be curried beyond the limits of actual
application, can be reduced to an,absurdity; and, under the conditions
mentioned, Is even bound to fall into an absurdity. In their very seal to
help, the Dutch and German "Left" did unwitting harm to-the new idea
of the superiority of Soviet power over bourgeois-democratic parliaments. Of course, anyone who should say, ln the old sweeping way,
that refusal to participate in bourgeois parliaments can under no circumstances be permissible, would be wrong. I cannot attempt here.to
formulate the conditions under which a boycott Is useful, for the scope
of my article is more limited; here I only want to estimate all the possibilities of Russian experience ln connection with certain burning questions of the day, questions of international Communist tactics. Russian
experience has given us one successful and correct application of the
boycott (1905), and one Incorrect application of it, by the Bolsheviks. In
the flrst case we see that we succeeded in preventing the convocation of
a reactionary parliament by a reactionary government, under conditions
in which revolutionary mass action (strikes in particular) outside parliament was growing with exceptional rapidity. At that time hot a single element of the proletariat or the peasantry gave any support to the
reactionary government; tho proletariat secured for Itself Influence over
the backward musses by means of strike and agrarian movements. It is
quite evident that this experience is not applicable to present-day European conditions. It Is also quite evident, on the strength of the foregoing arguments that even a conditional defence of the refusal to- participate in parliament, on tho part of the Dutch and the "Left," is thoroughly wrong and harmful to the cause of revolutionary proletariat.
 March  4, 1111
Just a few copies of that remark,
able book "Red Europo" left. Rush
ln your order. Fifty cents, postpaid from thi. offlce.
In Western Europe and America, parliament has become an object of
special aversion to the advanced revolutionaries ot the working class.
This is self-evident, and is quite comprehensible, for lt ls difficult to Imagine anything more abominable, buse, and treacherous than the behavior of the overwhelming majority of Socialist and Social-Democratic
deputies in parliament, during and after the period of the war. But it
would be, not only unreasonable, but obviously criminal to yield to such
a frame of mind when solving the question of how to struggle against
this generally admitted evil. In many countries of Western Kurope the
"revolutionary mood is, we might say, a "novelty," a "rarity," which has
been too long expected, vainly and impatiently It may be; and it may be
because of this that people more easily yield to their frame of mind. Of
course, without a revolutionary disp&sition on the part of the masses,
und without conditions tending to enhance this disposition, revolutionary
tactics will never materialize in action. But we in Russa have convinced
ourselves, by long, painful and bloody experience, of the truth that it is
impossible tn build up revolutionary tactics solely on revolutionary dispositions und moods.
TacticS should bc constructed on a sober and strictly objective consideration of the forces of a givon country (and of the countries surrounding it, nnd of all countries, on a world scule), as well as on an evaluation
of the experience of other revolutionary movements. To manifest one's
revolutionism solely by dint of swearing at parliamentary opportunism,
by rejecting participation In parliaments, is very easy; but, just because
it is too easy, it is not the solution of a difllcult.n most difficult, problem.
In mont European states, tho erentbm of a really revolutionary parlla*
me.ittii'y group U much more difficult than it was In RuBsia. Or cour..e.
But this ls only one aspect of the general triuh that It was easy for litis-
sfa, ln the concrete, historically Quilp'unique, situation of 1917, to begin
a social revolution; whereas to continue it and complete lt will be more
difficult for Russia than for other European countries.
Already at the beginning of 1918 I had ocsasion to point out this circumstance, and sinco then an experience of two years entirely corroborates this point of view. Certain specific conditions existed ln Russia
which do not at present exist in Western Europe, and a repetition of such
conditions in another country is not very probable. These specific conditions were (1) the possibility of connecting the Soviet Reyolutlon with
the conclusion, thanks to lt, of the Imperialist war which had exhausted
the workers and peasants to an .incredible extent; <2) the possibility of
making use, for a eortain time;: of the deadly struggle of two world-
powerful groups of Imperialist plunderers, who were unable to unite
against their Soviet enemy; (8) the possibility of withstanding a comparatively lengthy civil war, partly because of the gigantic dimensions
of tho country and the bad meanB ofcommunicatlon; (4) the existence
of such a profound bourgeois-revolutionary movement amongst the peasantry that the proletarian party included In Its programme the revolutionary demands of the peasant party (the Socialist Revolutionaries, a
party sharply hostile to Bolshevism), and at once realized these demands
through the proletarian conquest of political power.
The absence of these spociflc conditions—not to mention various minor
ones—accounts for the greater difficulty which Western Europe must
experience ln beginning the social revolution. To attempt to "circumvent" this difficulty, by "Jumping over" tho hard talk of utilizing reactionary parliaments for revolutionary purposes, ls absolute childishness,
You wish to create a new society? And yet you fear the difficulties entailed in forming, ln a reactionary parliament, a sound group composed
of convinced, devoted, heroic Communists! Is not this childishness?
Karl Uebknieoht In Germany and Z. Hoglund in Sweden succeeded, even
without the support of the masses from below, ln giving examples of a
truly revolutionary utilisation of reactionary parliaments. Why, then,
should a rapidly-growing revolutionary mass party, under condltiont of
post-war disappointment and exasperation of the masses, ba unable to
hammer-out for ttsealf a Communist faction ln the worst of parliaments? It ls Just because, ln Western Europe, the baokward masses of
the workers nnd the smaller peasantry are much more strongly Imbued
with bourgeois-democratic and parliamentary prejudices than they are
(Continued on pegs 7)
New  York  Call  Makes
Charges Against
New Tork—Paid organizers of
the national organizations of the
United Mine Workere of America
manipulated the vote In the recent
executive board elections to roll up
a majority for keeping the present
administration ln offlce, the Insurgent wing of the mine workers
charge tn a statement published by
the New Tork Call. At a recent
conference of the coal miners of
District 5, U. M. W., held in Pittsburg, affidavits were presented ln
support of this allegation.
This group charges that much of
the .7,000 vote for John L. Lewis,
national president, came from the
outlying districts, where newly organized miners were voted ln
groups by general organizers. Alex,
ander Howat of Kansas, who opposed Philip Murray, elected with
a majority of 11,000, for the vice-
presidency, carried every well-organized miners district, the record
of votes, tabulated ln a recent issue
of the Miners Journal, shows. His
lead was overcome by the "outside" districts.
One of the affidavits presented at
the conference was that of Peter
Haywood, president of Miners
Union Local 4781, to the effect that
Robert Gaitcns, an organizer o'f the
United Mine Workers, bn Dec, 8,
"marked the district and national
ballot to the number of 820, when
in fact only 18 votes were legally
James Burgess, president, and
James Hlavacek and Thomas Caput, tellers, for Miners Union 911
made an affidavit stating that the
published returns of the vote for
thetr Unton at the national headquarters are Incorrect and that
Lewis was gtven 71 more votes than
he received and Murray 75 more.
Tellers of Miners Union 1829, of
Meadowlands, Pa., made affidavit
that Lewis gained 80 votes and
Murray 80 between the time the
vote was cast and the time that lt
was counted.
A member of Miners Local 1812
of Wtllock, Pa., said that the local
organizer supplied whiskey to the
tellers and that unton members
were coerced into voting for administration candidates.
Numerous grievances were also
presented against national organ!
zers for paying out strike benefits to
persons who were engaged ln business.
Tho insurgent miners in the
Pittsburg, Pa., district will mi\t
again on February 27 to draw up a
statement which will be presented
to the rank and file of the conduct
of certain miners' representatives
In polling the vote.
Some merchants In town do not
think your eubtom Is much use to
them, or they wonld advertise their
wart's In The Federation 1st to secure your trade. Remember tills
when you are about to make a purchase.
Work Boots
By actual comparison Paris' Logger boots are in a class
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rivets go-through thc insole. Check over the shape and
see whether it looks like your foot.
Come in and see my logger. Feel the soft, pliable oil tan
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putting on.the sole and heel, giving you a snug fitting instep with an arch that will never break down. Then
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and I can assure you that when you spend your money
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51 Hastings Street West
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The Directors Have Decided
To Offer Prizes
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With a View to Increasing the Circulation
The circulation today is larger than many daily
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The following works have been chosen as suitable prizes to offer sub.
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Critique of Political Economy .....(Marx)
Essays on the Materialistic Conception of
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Landmarks of Scientific Socialism..
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_ (Dietzgen)
Positive Outcome of Philosophy (Dietzgen)
Socialism and Philosophy (Labriola)
History of Canadian Wealth (Myers)
Physical Basis of Mind and Morals (Fitch)
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1440 GRANVILLE  Sey. 52*0
While May Day hae been set u
tho closing date for the raising of
$5,000 for the Federatlonist, lt
should be understood that we need
it NOW.
Seattle, Wash.—Progress In the
organization of colored workers
has been made recently ln the Faclll. Northwest. A late local union
organized ln Seattle Is the Hotel
and Restaurant Employoes No, 68 8
which Includes cooks, waiters and
porters employed on railroads entering this city.
Winnipeg Workers
Greet the Released
Political Prisoners
(Continued from page 1)
"I oan ezcuie them," uld the
ipeaker. "They were ignorant of
the circumstances; they did not understand and the only reuon why
I am telling you this is because of
its educational value. But when I
find men in Winnipeg who did understand, I oan't excuse. I say,
'damn men like Robinson and
Hoop.' When we went to goal,
what did we flnd these men doing?
They turned and twisted and we
find them betraying the workeri."
He laid discipline must prevail in
the working class movement, the
bow li more active today than erer
before, and he hu good oauie to
be, for the workeri are being en-.
lightened-  .....   r-
"I want to aay, however, that I
do not regret being In goal, I did
notsllke being in there, but when I
see such an audienoe u this, I
don't believe you are her* because
you are hero-worshipping. I think
yon are an wpreiilon of a movement and that being io, I hare no
regreta. I made the beat of It, and
I got through line, but I don't think
I am boasting about lt."
The ipeaker then paid a tribute
to the work of the defenoe oommlttee, thanking it tor the support
It for tho support lt had glren to
hi* wife and child while he wu
away. It mi an Immense relief
to know that thsy were being looked after..
"I want to oon.lud« with thia," he
deolared. "In my opinion, the belt
way to prerent a repetition of thli
oocurrenoe, 1! for the working olaai
to carry on an' extensive propaganda, and then for the members
of the working olass to organise
themselru so that they will hare
power ln order to prerent'the ruling claw, putting membera of the
working' oliai ln goal." (Applause.)
Pritohard Get! Oration
Loud and long were the cheers
that greeted the next ipeaker,
Comrade Pritohard of Vancourer.
It la quite evident that during hla
short stay ln Winnipeg he has firmly entrenched himself In the heart!
of the worker'! here. Unknown
to Winnipeg Labor before the 1019
atrlke, he hu since then become
part of the local movement. His
appearance on the front of the
platform wu greeted by the strains
of the "Red Flag," sung by a seal-
oua portion of the crowd,'the balance ot the vut congregation rose
en masse, and although unprepared'for this unique movement,-Joined In this thrilling refrain of the
proletariat, :-•'..
The. Bpeaker plainly showed the
effects of hie Imprisonment, and
was thereby forced to shorten hts
speech, a resume of which is given
"Comrade chairman, oomrades
and friends, and any ot the other
67 varieties that may be kicking
around, pickled or otherwise, I am
like Comrade Johns ln many ways.
I am pleued to be here tonight;
that is, I am pleued to be able, to
be here. In other words, I am very
pleased that thli Monday night is
not lut Monday night.
"There ls one thing that Is strikingly noticeable to a fellow coming from the inside out. We flnd
that the etreet cars are running
much the same, and everything else
seems to be going on all right.
You know, now and again, when
we were down on the prison farm,
or ln the Provincial goal, we were
■ .able to get an occasional news-
f paper and gathering u much as
we could from the newspapers, we
noticed many Interesting things.
"Quite a lot of water has gone
under the bridge since the benign
(not 'old,' u reported ln the Free
Press) gentleman said 'one year on
the first count;' while that water
hu gone under the bridge, quite a
lot of other things have- taken
place, too. Some little time ago
the bourgeoisie trembled because
the man ln overalls wu beginning
to think. Now they have good
cause   to  tremble  because  to  his
Under the Auspices of the Women's Auxiliary of the One Big Union
In Aid of the Federationist
Maintenance Fund
FRIDAY, March 25th, 1921
Whist 8 to 10 Dancing 9 to 1
Gents. 50c.
Ladies 25c.
Tickets can be obtained from any member of the Women's Auxiliary,
or at the Federationist Office.
thoughts he ll adding actions, ajr
tloni that spring from a realisation!
of ths ilave status whloh the modern wage slave holds ln moderti
soolety. •  ' '  s1
"Although the doetrlnes of K*H
Marx war* laughed at a few yea#»
ago, and although Marx hlmielf
had been ridiculed, today the pant*
strloken bourgeoisie, as represented by H. O. Wells, find room tot-
alarm In Marx's whiskers. Thefts
must have been something about
the teachings of a man, so long-
dead, whose whiskers cause such**
flutter even now. a
"Some short time ago" the
speaker said, "it would never hay.
been possible to have gqt sueh an
audience ae gathered there that
evening, and have told It that »v
king men and women wer. juat
mere package! of merchandise,
trying to get some boss to aell
their labor-power to. 'Why,' he
said, 'the very suggestion that, a free
born British subject had to ull
himself, wu to rlek one'i life.'
"Tou fellowi who work im the
railway shops; you fellow! Is th*
varioui industries here. Tou who
know the bitter experlenoe la the
workshops here, do we hava to tell
you of your statust Da we?' Yoa
know lt br practical contaof."    '
Mounties Delivered the Goods
Th. ipeaker than briefly dealt
with the Royal Northwut Police,
pointing out that theie mln sold
their labor-power Juit like any
other worker. They were paid 11.(0
per day and given a free red suit,
and they "In turn promlied to ''deliver the goods." In the Winnipeg
trial!, the ipeaker said, theu men
"delivered the goodi." When they
did not hare any evidenoe, they
went and found some. 'I don't
blame the erown counsel. I don't
blame the bosa for putting his heel
on the necks of the worken, but I
do blame the worken tor laying
down and letting him do lt
"I have no hard feeling* for any
one of thue friendi of mine, but
for thou men, who professedly
lined up with me, 'and particularly
one individual (Hoop) who told m.
he would be glad to have a half-
hour's talk with the Jury, and then
sold themselves for 1ms than Beau
aold himself to Jacob, for thus,
men, I have some hard feelinga,
and standing on the threshold after
coming out of goal, we very dearly
say to all thoso men: 'It ls war, war
to the knife, and the knife, to the
hilt,' for when we have killed them,
we shall have killed the finest weapons the master class ever had."
Pa Hu Hts Turn
The next speaker, Oeorge. Arm-
Building Trades Will Put
p.   Up Fight Against
__ It
. , At a rtgular meeting of the Van-
cover (International) Trades and
Labor Counoll held Thuraday evening, Dal, Thom roported that
every oraft of the building tradea
were going to realat the wage out
whloh the Matter Bulldera were
proposing to mak*. A mast moating of the three different carpenter organisation in the olty will be
held shortly to formulate plana to
realat th* wage out He alao report-
ad that the Northern Construction
Co. wat trying to hire men for a
wage that waa far btlow the preaent toale. Thla matter will be taken
up with tha mlnlatar of labor aad
If no satisfaction la given tho Bal-
lantyne Pier will be placed on the
unfair list. The Building Tradaa
Dept baa adopted the job steward
oard ayetem.
Credentials ware reoelved and the
delegatea seated trom the Palntera
and Deooratora Union, Cigar mak -
are, Barbara and Bridge and Structural Iron Workera.
A communication from tha Oalgary Tradea and Labor Coundl
waa read to tha afloat that the
Hamilton Bridge and Iron Co. waa
operating at Canmore, Alta., and
trying to get men at IBo an hour
below tht scale.
A communication from A, B.
Wella, Inviting the counoll to aend
delegates to a gathering of labor
representatives to formulate plant
for holding a working-class demonstration in the city of' Vanoouver, when W. A. Pritohard arrival
in Vanoouver, was read and the
recommendation of the executivo
oommlttee to flle waa adopted.
Del. Showier of the Teamsters
reported that tha Oeneral .Cartage Go. had deolded that commencing with Maroh 37 th they were
riot going to oontinut or renew
any wage agreements. Del. Showier stated that lt looked as though
the Employers' Association waa
behind the move.
Del. Bartlett'of tha parliamentary committee reported having forwarded suggestions for labor legislation to the Victoria legislature.
„.-H^ was elected to proceed to Ylc-
strong, did not need any words jptA,ttfrt&. wim members of the B. C.
introduction. As far as Winnipeg
Is concerned, he Is a recognized
landmark. The cares of his "legfa-1
latlve" duties seem to weigh very
lightly upon the brow of this untiring propagandist, and whether his
doctrlnet have in the paat been acceptable to the majority of the'1
workert of Winnipeg or not, 'It
made no difference _a his enthusiastic welcome. "Pa," aa he has'
been affectionately called by hfs1
intimate friends, asknowledged the
plaudits of the audience by a bow,
which to say the least, would have.!
done justice to any gentleman of.}
the old "Southern school."        . .;.<.
He then commenced by saying:
"This ts somewhat different than
In the days preceding the war*
(their, war), when we used to
preach revolutionary Socialism in
the Market Square, It waa not
very popular then, and as far as I
am concerned, I don't know that I
am too popular even yet. At the
aame time, I still hold those views,
largely today, ln spite of the fact
that they have become somewhat
more or less. But what strikes me
most forcibly ls the capabilities of
popularized and somewhat mixed,
the working class to give expression to itself ln organizations, It
matters little to me which of the
various organization ledgers their
namos are ln, that does not mean
organization at aU. It Is that they
are coming together and are beginning to understand that they
have a common object and a common enemy. It is true that thore
are many divisions politically
among the workers, and I have
done my best in the past to remove them, but if the. 1919 strike,
of which we were the victims, did
nothing else but divide the community, showing where every one
stood at that time, placing one part
of the community one side or'the
other, then it has done a great service. This strike was able to expose the supposed friends of the
working class,
Praises Defence Committee
"I must say something for the
defence 'committee. The defence
committee has mode the conditions
easier for us, and when I speak of
the defence committee, I speak of
those workerB in the city of Winnipeg and olsewhere who stood true
to us. Wo who were blamed for
bringing all this trouble on the community. Oh, don't I wish I had as
much power as that, because I know
If we had that power, we1 could
bring much more trouble, and believe me, there Is plenty of room for
trouble of such kind.
"What I want to imprest opoh
you ls that we got it pure and simple, Our enemies interpreted the
law, and their Interpretation waif
ln their own interests, and if you
followed those trials as we did, yoii
, as the rosult of our interpre-1 -.were ruporwu aim M|>.'<».u.» ui
ons, somebody else may be or?* gfl™?0B ?,M h?ard aU ro"nd*
about .the 'injustices.'   In clos^   This brings to a close one phase
was done.   Maybe, ln the near future, we' may interpret those laws!,
tng about the 'Injustices,
Ing, I ask you to complete the good
work, and fight hard, for unless
you flght hard, other fellow work*
era may flnd their way Into such
institutions aa we have boen in. It
peems to' me the time has come
when unless we deal harshly, more"
or less, with thc other fellow, he
will deal harshly with us,"
John Queen
"Honest" John Queen was the
next on the Ust He was greeted
with three cheers and loud applause. No man is more popular
than Queen, and his steady championship of the cause of Labor has
been acknowledged by his recent
election to the Legislature,
"Comrade chalramn, and fellow
workers—"in the flrst plaoe let me
say that I am very glad to see you
all out of goal. When we were
down oa the prison farm, ws made
the best of It, and lt was not too
bad. But there were times when
our thoughts turned towards home,
and we thought of our children and
exfceutlve of the Dominion Trades
Congress to push thts proposed
legislation. -
Delegates from the Hotel and
Restaurant Employeea Union pointed out that cattle condemned aa
being tubercular were being slaughtered and sold for human consumption and that the parliamentary committee should attempt to
gat legislation to prevent this. Del.
Hardy of the Carpenters stated
that the health authorities had
apparently agreed that mUk from
.tubercular cattle was unfit ror food
but that frozen beef from the same
cattle was flt for human consumption.
-every one of ua happened to be
married and had one or more children, it made lt pretty hard for us.
We were fortunate enough,. however, tn having wives that understood."
Tho speaker then paid a tribute
to the activities of the defence
committee, stating that the knowledge of their wives and children's
security relieved the hardship of
prison life enormously. He pointed out that the state had broken
the strike. The state had sent the
men to goal, and the state, what
was lt? It waa the organized force
of the ruling class, which was used
to maintain them ln power. It
was the Instrument with which
the muster class suppressed and
kept In slavery the working class.
Ho said the meeting demonstrated,
that,    despite    contrary    reports,
. there was a good movement In
Winnipeg just now; he was- glad
tb be out and thereby add one
more to the number. (Applause).
A meat, welcome was accorded
to the next speaker, William Ivens.
He > told of his personal experiences In gaol and of his desire to
be vindicated by the jury of the
people. The lost jury he spoke
to announced him guilty; he wanted to have the judgment of thts
congregation. He then got all
those who believed him Innocent
to hold up their hand. A sea of
hands Immediately went up, not
one voting against. He paid a
tribute to tht wives of the men
who had been Imprisoned and declared that he believed all of the
men would go through the same
experience was lt necessary to do
Bo again.
A splendid programme was furnished by the Winnipeg Labor
Churoh Choir, and by assisting artistes. An excellent orchestra
played delightful music, whicli was
greatly enjoyed by the assemblage.
MThe Internationale," sung by Mrs.
Popovltoh,  was  quickly  taken  up
i by   the   crowd,  as   was also  the
Joartchy chorus of many othor of
the songs.   The collection amount-
luiiu wt:u  iiiuae  11 it no ud nn uiu,  juta l— »■»__« j t_ _   . ...   < i
would have noticed how easily t_¥***«° »"9-°<; wh'=h ,wl",b° flv8n
1 tQ the Canadian Workers   Defense
Le/igue.    Large sales of literature
were^ reported and  expressions of
of- the class struggle but '
Is not yet"
Local Membership in Encli Community to  Operate Its
Own Storo
■ The Co-operative Stores at South
Vancouver, Mount Pleasant, New
Westmlnater and Port Moody will
now be run by the membership of
each community. This action was
decided upon lost Tueaday, when
the offer of truatees from tho various districts were accepted. The
debt has been wiped out, and each
locality will now be free to "paddle
Its own canoe, and build and expand. North Vancouver members
have decided to drop out of the
game for the ttrne being, but all
nre looking forwnrd to tho timo
when their success will enable them
to again federate for greater
Compensation Board's Report Gives Enlightening Statistics
During the week the fourth annual report of the Workmen'!
Compensation Board waa Uld before the Legislature. Amongst
other statistical Information contained in the report, considerable
Information ean be found aa to the
number of aoeldenta whieh occur
ln Industry In Britlah Columbia,
During the year, » MO. accidents
were reported, ot which 10,611
were non-fatal. Thla number doee
not include eeveral thousand trivial aoeldenta, in which flnt aid
service only waa rendered, and in
which thero waa no dootor required
or time loot aad no clatan made,
Ona of th* enoouragint features
ef the year waa that the .number
of fatal aeddenta waa smaller than
during any year aince the Aot oame
Into effect, Even with tha Increase in the number of men covered by the Act ,thla number waa
smaller; there were ITT fatalities
reported during 1111, 140 during
Ull, and ilT during HIT, or an
average of HI for the four yeara.
ainoe the Aot came Into effect on
January 1, HIT, a total of T4.IM
non-fatal claims hare been filed,
and 1.0 fatal aoeldenta reported.
Arising out of the fatal aoeldenta,
pensions hare been awarded In 441
cases to dependents, and at preeent
a total of 111! persons are receiving monthly penelons, resulting
from the fatalltlea ot the four
years, Bnlrty-four widows of deceased workmen have remarried,
and have heen paid tha statutory
allowanoe of 1410, and further
payments to them have eeased.
Pensions to the children of the Unt
marriage, howevor, continue until
each child reaohea the age of 11
Under the H20 amendments to
the Act, widows of workmen fatally Injured ln 1010 are eaoh paid
$85 per month and $7.60 per
month for eaoh ohild under sixteen yean,
Elections Held After the
Wholesale Arrests of
Paris—The police have arrested
Otto Ker, a member of the executive oommlttee of the Communist
Party, The wholesale arrestas and
raids carried out by the police ln
Paris and the provinces are a culmination of a quiet but extensive
campaign of espionage begun with
the formation of the Communist
Party at Tours on Dee. 80.
80 far, with the exception of
Ker, who Is a well-known official,
the persons arrested are small
tradesmen, with one or two doctors,
chemists or university professors,
and either of Serbian, Czechoslovak or Russian nationality.
Since the arrests, elections have
been held In certain Paris districts
to All vacancies in the Chamber of
Deputies, created by the elevation
of M. Millerand to the presidency,
and the death of another deputy,
and the government candidates did
not get enough to elect and owing
to the peculiar emthod of electing,
the voting must be done over
The figures show a greator swing
towards the Left than ln any district during the recent senate elections, and cause great rejoicing ln
the Socialist press. The total vote
against the Bloc Nationals is 66,-
000 and for the Bloc 47,000. The
Socialist and Communist candidates alone polled 23,000.
League of Nations Army
Is Not Wanted in
Paris.—The league of nations'
army haa ben halted by Foreign
Minister Tchltcherln's Bolshevik
wire leu.
The army was assigned to go to
Vilna to supervise the plebiscite
there to detormlne whether that
city shall be Polish or Lithuanian.
The Polish army holds the city—the
capital of Lithuania. The Bolsheviki want to keep the league
of nations from sending ln Its
army to supervise the plebiscite
on the ground that auch action
would be a virtual intervention in
favor of Poland.
Spanish, British, Belgian and
French troops first tried to get to
Vilna through Switzerland. Tch-
ltcherin wirelessed orders to Swiss
radicals, who brought pressure on
the government and forced it to
refuse the army passage through
the country. The same thing
happened when an attempt was
iiintlo to pass through Italy.
It developed that Tchltcherln
had proceeded in other countries
In the same fashion. Rumania,
A lists!*, Csecho-Slovakia In turn
were l^mpelled through threats
of their radicals to turn the leagne
army back.
Toronto, Ont—"Children of four
years of age are taught 'Bolshe-
lsm' ln Glasgow's proletarian
schools," Lady Harvey, wife of Sir
Martin Harvey, distinguished British actor, now touring Canada, told
the Women's Canadian Club.
When there ts a flght on the man
who gets In and digs is tho one that
we like. Get ln now and dig, hy
patronizing The Federal looirt *&_
'  We lain pieced en tke rat* enetUng aew la a Leap* ieek f*
Wll u« ermine, mi iee ma leilre la e tee, et ttliHa_   Thereto
aale ea en enHMy inkmilH aaaglr te Ike feet tl ewt. a* la
plaoee, it la km aukee.  Tkey lit ail ekauy la i
.eery In wMgkt, tat ate eliiUM. ten* tad iitKiill i
ne* Loner Beet atie *y 0. *. V. kelp el a ae* idea,
115.00 Kid* to Tour Uewnr*
I otnaey ia munaa, aer m ket
aM aad iiaXnU guaatoi.   A
The New Method Shoe Making
and Repairing Co.
Pbone BJP.-tM
All O—V. Betp
"Left Wing" Communism
—An Infantile Disorder
(Continued I
fat Rueela, that It la only In the mldat of auoh Inatltutioaa aa bawgeofc
partlameate that Commuolata oan and ahoald carry aa thetr loa* and
etubbom itruggle ta enwte, dleperao and overcome theae prejudice*
■topping at nothing,
The aerman~"Lelt" complain ot bad "leaden.' la thalr party aad itve
way to deepelr, going to the length ot a laughable "repudiation* ot tht
aald "leadere." But whea oondlttona are auoh that It la often aeeeaaary
te hide the "leaden" underground, the preparation of good, reliable, ea-
perleneed aad authoritatlTo "leaden" la aa eapeetally hard taak, and
theee diffleultlea eanaot be auoceeefully overcome without el-ordlnatlng
legal with Illegal work, without teeUng tha "leaden" in the parliament-
err arena, among other* The mott merelleae, eutttng, unoompromlataf
crltleltm muat be dlreeted, not againat parliamentarian or parliamentary
action, but agalnat thoee leaden who are unable—and atlll mere agalnat
thoae who do not with—to Millie parliamentary aleetlona aad the par*
llamentary platform aa rerolutonariee aad Oommunlate ihould. Only
auch crltlolem—added, of eouree, to the expuleioa ef worthleaa leaden
and their replacement by capable onee-~wlll conatltute uteful and fruitful revolutionary work. Thua will both the leaden themielvu he
trained to became worthy of the working-claee aad the tolling meeeea,
aad the maaaea learn oorreetlyto undentand the political attuatlon, aad
to undentand the often very complicated aal laMeate problema that
originate from euch altuatlona,*
•I _... . _t .nr 1Mb opperteeily le aegoaiat mn.lt wttk "Up" OjMielM la
Heir. UatBMtlenebly, Cemnde Berlite tal Ue |raep ef "OeaauUI-BirMHiito"
(CoauuuUite tbiMnttmUte) en wnnt le Mullet aea-peftlibetin la FetUeaial,
Bet 11 »__u te ae—Irae *kM I taa tetter trom two leeael ef til pepee, II ge>M
(Km. lull Jeraerr II eel Pebrenr I, 1M0), treat tear lame ei Om
B.mtt'e       *  .—'.---  ...  n-^—*^__,a,a
from im
oppertuoltr t
end . U fron^ _._ _,.■,* __ .—... —....      — -—-—— —— — —	
le a pertr *Uek ku MB»taliil tovM power eel prekterlea  Uetetentlp,   aa
wko et tk. oemo time Matleee tkdr . em« litrimoaUl eat oypoituUtlo poller ■
wko et tko oome tlm. ooatliee
memban ot p "" '"'
Soeielltt Pert)
as (r»t ie tbot le HeeteiT, —w.. ». ...— .	
botb tbo Portr ead tbo Sonet Oorommoet.   Suoh e mlotekoe, iaooniliuot, or oho*
ooUrlHs ettltele towerle tto opporteelot perllaaoalerleae, oa tko oeo keel, eroetee
of parliament. Ol sears* la mff«iiaf this, S*ir»U aai thi whole ItalEsa
Partr mike a mistake whloh UimUbi te esasi gteat lam sal peril, a peril
m thit la Hufirr, where the Hungirlia TaratU iibotarad from witBa
u*.» WW..OTW, sad, ea thi othar, juitlflii lu ixliteMi op (• i oertela pole
Comradi tkrritl ii obrionilr In thi wront whin ha aecuaaa Dapnty Ttmtt ol "indoa*
•litanar" (Communlmo, No. 8); ia pile! of liot, lt ia tha lUlUa Soeiiliit Fertf
whioh la JnwnilaUQt, la putting np wth inch opportoait pirllimmUrUai SS
Tuiitl and Oo.
(To be continued)
Baltimore Sun Takes Up
Mooney Case in an
(By the Federated Press)
Washington. — Likening    tbt
Mooney esse to the Dreyfus case
tn Franoe, the Baltimore Sun asks,
ln an editorial, "Can nothing be
done to end this travesty and wipe
out this blot?"
The oldest, most Influential newspaper in Maryland and thefore-
moat liberal-conservative Journal
of the Atlantic seaboard gives
this editorial evidence of Its own
"Tom Mooney was convicted on
the testimony of four witnesses.
They were Frank C. Oxman, Mrs.
Nellie Edeau and her daughter
Sadie, and John MacDonald. It
has long been known that Oxman,
the most Important of these witnesses, was a suborner of perjury
and doubtless a perjuror himself.
The testimony of the Edeaus has
been thoroughly discredited. And
now MacDonald confesses that he
perjured himself at the trial,
"Judge Franklin K. Griffin, who
presided at the trial, long ago
Btatetd that the revelatloni concerning Oxman alone demanded
that Mooney should receive a new
trial. The attorney general of California concurred In this recommendation. A Federal commission
appointed by President Wilson,
after an exhaustive Investigation,
reaohed the same conclusion. So
did J. B. Densmore, director-gen-
oral of the United States Employment Service, who was appointed
ae a special Investigator by the
Secretary of Labor. A few weeks
ago Patrolman Hand, who was n
member of the Bomb Bureau that
arranged the evidence ln the cases
ii Kit Inst Mooney and the other persons charged with complicity ln
the crime, made further revelations regarding the 'frame-up.'
There can exist at this time in the
mind of no reasonable man the
slightest doubt that Money was unjustly convicted.
"Yet he lies In a California
prison under a sentence of life
imprisonment. The Snpretne
Court of California has said that
it is without power to grant a new
trial. The attorney-general confesses himself helpless. The Governor of the State refuses to pardon him and order a trial on other
indictments. Only by a mere
chance did he escape exeoution.
He was sentenced to death, the
date of execution waa flrst postponed and then the sentence was
commuted to life Imprisonment.
Judge Griffin said that lf the death
sentence were carried Into exeoution it would be a travesty upon
justice and a blot upon the administration of justice.' Those words
apply   with   equal   pertinence   to
the sentence of life imprisonment
"Can nothing bt done to end
this travesty and wipe out thli
blot? The Mooney case hag heel
likened, not Inaptly, to the Dreyfus case ln France. Dreyfus wu
miserably persecuted there, but,
to the glory of the French nation,
the outrage brought to the ■ front
such figures as Zola and Plcquart,
who espoused persecution them*
■elves that justice might bt dona.
No man of Zola's eminence her*
has emerged as a chanvpion. ot
Mooney, though Frank P.'Walsh,
Bourke Cochran and Fremont
Older have acted ln th* case with
equal disinterestedness aad nobleness.
"But th* disquieting thing It
that th* people of the United
States as a whole hair* not arisen
ln wrath to demand justice for this
man. The Governor of California
Ib the only official, apparently, wbo
oan now aot in the matter, and
there ought to be such a storm of
protest throughout th* country,
and particularly in his own Stat*,
as will mak* him realize his responsibility and his duty."
Bom* merchants ln town do not
think yonr cuttom Is much use to
thorn, or they would advertise their
ware* ln The Federatlonist to secure your trade. Remember tbl*
when you are about to make a purchase.
Frederloton, N. B.—Powerful associations of manufacturers and
other business men ar* boycotting
the advertising columns of-the of-
flola^brgan of th* United Farmer*
of New Brunswick afld also Inspiring the unsympathetic attitude adopted by various dally newspapers^
Thomas W. Caldwell, recent!*;
eleoted as a Farmers' member of
the Dominion Houso of Commons,
and other speakers told the organisation's' annus! convention her*
Tea, we hav* lots of readers In
the United Statea and newsdealers ln Seattle, Everett, Taeoma, Los
Angeles, San Francisco and Chicago
flnd a ready sale for The Fed.
Greateat Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
_. Haetlaii Itreet WM
Dr. De Van's French Pills
A nllebl. Rc.ul.lin, P1U lor Wom.ii, It
e box. Bold at ell Dru, Store,, or metm
to aay eddrm on receipt of prie.. The
Seob.ll Dru, O.., It. Catherine,, Onterle.
Beatorea Vim jnd VltiUtyj for M«m oal
Bnln; Incroiaaa "fray nutter;" i Teals
—will balld yarn ap. #8 i box, or two fer
96, it drug aioraa, or by mill on raoalpt
of prica. Tbe SoomU fing Co.. St. Cam-
arises. Osteite.
Easy Shaving
Gillette or Auto Strop Safety Razor* male, the daily
Shave easier.
We have a splendid line of both makea in many design*,
priced from $5.00 to $7.50 eaoh.
Tbe Complete Sporting Goodi More
thirteenth tear. No. 8    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b, c.
..Merctt A. mi
- . .       .. Boys'Dept.—Second Floor
Men's English
Gabardine Coats
These gabardines make a splendid and inexpensive coat, Men, for Spring wear.
Light, weatherproof; and warm in chilly
weather. Loose-fitting, comfortable. With
convertible collar, flared skirt and storm-
strap sleeves. Lined or unlined. You can
carry one of these coats over your arm
without any inconvenience. Splendidly
tailored in genuine English gabardine of
finely woven fabric. Six months ago coats
like these were selling at $20. All sizes
to 44.
Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
153 Hastings Street West
Labor Members Win
Point in Motion
(Continued from pare 1)
A Hut &_■_-«.».. Ua_~
« Largest Exclusive Ston
for Men and Boya
Unemployed  Are
Dissatisfied With Dole
(Continued from page 1)
they refuse to work the two days."
An amendment was Introduced,
which called for the laying over of
the resolution until such time as
the organized workers of the city
had been asked for their assistance
on every deamnd made by the unemployed on the Dominion, Provincial and municipal authorities,
and to provide for the election of
a committee to place the sistuatlon
before the various Labor organizations ln the city, any organization
refusing to admit the  committee
Dunsmuir Tool Store
Second-hand Dynamos, Electrio
Motors, Tools and Machinery
Bought and Sold.
529 Dunsmuir St.      Seymour 6C98
The  cause of sickness ls
attacked by natural methodi.
Dr.W.Lee Holder
D.O., P.S.D., D.T.H.
Twelve Tears'  Exporienco
Hours: Daily, 1-6
Mon., Wed., Fri., 1-8
Ber. WW Bay. 4023R.
74 Fairfield Building
Corner Granville and Pender
chosen to ho placed on the blacklist
During the discussion, it was
pointed out that it would not be
the rank and flle that would refuse thc committee the privilege of
addressing the members of the
unions, but tho officials, and It was
time that these individuals were
placed where all the workers could
know their position.
R. A. Webb, of the Grand Army of
United Veterans, reporting on the
investigation of tho Hollis case by
the United SoldierB Council, stated
that the investigation was a farce,
and that everything was cut and
dried. He stated that .the Grand
Army of United Veterans were still
Cf the same opinion as to the treatment of Hollis, and that the demand for an official Investigation
would be pushed until it was
He also stated that he did not
blame the police for having taken
Hollis to the police station, but
that it was evident that Hollis was
unbalanced, and the fact that he
had refused to sign for and accept
his pension cheque proved the state
of mind he was ln. The meeting
went on record as being In favor
of the Investigation being held and
those responsible for Hollis' death
The Council of Workers reported
that the relief department had been
appealed to for clothes for the
children of a woman who could not'
provide clothing for children who
were all too yonug to provide
for themselves, the clothing that
was sent to thiB woman were displayed to the meeting. Not a singlo thing was suitable so far as
size was concerned, and tf they had
been, they were too ragged and
dirty for use. In fact, the member of the committee who held
them up for the audience to sec,
seemed a little loath to touch them.
As a contrast, the articles that
were sent to the committee for dls-
tributlon by a lady in the city were
displayed.   These articles were well
laundered and aU ln good condition.
A motion to send tlie dirty articles of clothing to Premier Oliver,
and to ask him if they were "intimidation," was Introduced, and
finally adopted.
The Rev. Richmond Craig addressed the meeting, and stated that
the problem of unemployment could
not be settled under the present
system. He also stated that it
must bc settled in an International
way, and urged the workers to attend to their business in a business
like way.
A. S. Wells also gave a shdrt address, urging the workers to study
the cause of unemployment, and
by so doing aid ln the work of the
working class which was to abolish that cause.
Before the meeting adjourned,
It was decided to hold another parade and meeting on Cambie street
grounds next Sunday, lf the weather permitted, and If the weather
was too bad, to hold a meeting in
the Pender Hall. The usual route
will be followed by the parade, the
South Vancouver unemployed meet-;
ing the city workerg at the City
Hall, and then marching to the
U. S. Withdraws Troops
Before Collapse Takes
Place in Europe
(Continued from page 1)
.; Speaker:
Sunday, March 6th, 1921
8:30 P. M.
PENDER HALL, Cor. Howe and Pender
Of Better Quality,
Workmanship and Durability
—ers within retch of all who ears to takt advantage of our easy-
payment plan. We sell only tbe beat apparel for men, womon and
children, sad guarantee It to give absolute satisfaction in wear and
Pay a
A Little
The fact that we allow our clients to pay aa they wear Is sufflclent to
prove that our clothing la extra good in quality. Our loyalty to
those we lerre, and our unswerving fidelity In every transaction has
made the MEW TOBK tbe largest aud most up-to-date Credit __**-*<
In tbe West.   Olve ua a trial.
143 HASTINOS ST. W.        Bey. 1361
dlate the Allied Indemnity, make a
political and military alliance with
Russia, and undertake a war of
emancipation. Italy, which has
waited only for this event, will rise
ln instant revolution. British,
French and possibly American
troops in Germany will be In an
awkward situation until the French
army is rushed to the Rhine to begin the attempted repression of the
This forecast of imminently possible developments sounds fantastic. Yet men high in public position who have bcen in Italy, Germany and France within the past
few months are telling their associates In Washington that it is the
inevitable answer to French policy
in Poland and in the matter of the
German Indemnity. They say that
by midsummer the Continent may
be "red"—in Its political affiliations lf not in domestic economic
programme—as far west as the
borders of Holland. What will
happen in France lf once the people of Germany and Italy and the
new countries between Russia and
Italy throw off their public debt
and their military allegiance to
Parts and London is a topic of serious debate. For France, too, has
her millions of underfed and restless people who look with sympathy to Moscow, and who see nothing but general ruin in another
German war.
For these reasons the peace re
solution will come up early in the
special session, which now seems
likely to begin cither on March 21
or April 4. As soon as that resolution Is adopted thc American soldiers will bo withdrawn from Germany. Indeed, many of them will
be recalled as soon as the new administration takes offlce. What
tho senators want, and Harding
presumably will agree to, Is such
prompt action as will enable the
United States to stand clear of any
of the military consequences of the
Polish attack on Russia, scheduled
for April or May by strategists who
profess to know.
fiatest news via the capitalist
press is to tho effect that all American troops are being withdrawn.
Before making a purchase, look
up our list of advertisers on page 7,
nud then patronize ono of thein,
nnd hy so doing givo The Federationist a boost.
Windsor, Ont.—Five labor men
now sit In Windsor's city council,
T. H. Warren, who ran highest of
the defeated candidates in the
municipal elections five weks ago,
taking the place vacated by George
Urquhart, a lawyer who resigned
to accept tho county crown attorneyship, . .
When there Is a figlit on the man
who gets In and digs ls the one that
we like. Get ln now and dig, by
patronizing The Federatlonist advertisers.
of relief, he declared, was hope»
Can Ube Machine Cons
"Why, the mules don't go with*
out their oats," said the member,
"so why should the men not be fed
when they are out of work? Thi
reaaon ls that the mules cost their
owners something, while the men
do not, and when they don't -want-
the men they throw them on tha
scrap heap."
Guthrie said when the govern
ment raised an army It was necessary to feed the men. So should
tho army of unemployed be fed, he
"You have taught the soldiers,
many of them now unemployed, to
use machine guns," continued the
Newcastle member. Be careful
that they don't turn them to other
Premier Oliver rose to a point
of order, contending that no member of the House could use intimidating remarks. Such* statements
would do the Province a great deal
of harm, he said.
Speaker Manson ruled that no
member could uso Intimidating
language, but he said he felt sure
the member for Newcastle did not
not. wish to intimidate; he was perhaps only referring to a condition
of mind which might result from
the distress of the unemployed.
Guthrie assured the House he
had not meant his words^ to carry
Intimidation, but he repeated that
when these men were hungry and
needed food for their families,
what might they not be expected to
Gallery Warned
Upon applause coming from the
public galleries, Mr, Speaker reminded those occupying seats there
of the courtesy owed the House,
and warned that any demonstration
of any kind might lead to the privileges of the galleries being denied
the public.
Tom Uphill of Fernle endorsed
Guthrie's remarks and aald: "We
who relish our three good squares
a day might feel better if we knew
that we were doing something for
those in need. I do not believe in
giving cake to any one until all
have bread. . The unemployment
question ts as important or more
important than the other questions
before this House."
Uphill said it was a shame to
pay wages so small that a man and
his family could not exist. He felt
that with due consideration for
climatic conditions it could be- arranged by the government that all
or nearly all those .out of wbrk-
mfght find something to do. He
sometimes wondered, he said, how
those in need stood by and saw
others helping themselves freely
from the plenty of the land.
Government's Duty
R. H, Neelands, member for
South Vancouver, said it was a reflection upon the Legislature to permit the present unemployment
conditions to continue. The majority of the workless were not to
blame; thoy really wanted helpful
employment, and it was the duty
of the government to provide this
work, said Mr. Neelands. He referred to conditions in South Vancouver, and told of how returned
soldier organizations, the board of
trade, teachers' associations and
the. Women's Forum were all behind the move to relieve unemployment.
George S. Hanes, Independent
member for North Vancouver, said
it was time the government paid
attention to the unemployment
question. The government was
making it hard for some people to
assist themselves, he continued, referring to the municipality of
South Vancouver. "They have no
municipal council to go to for assistance," he contlneud, "and still
the law says that the municipalities must care for the poor and indigent. Give back the franchise to
South Vancouver and they will be
better off."
Burde of Alberni felt Impelled
to give the premier some good advice, "tf such a reactionary ls capable of taking advice."
Mr. Spoaker ruled that' the word
"reactionary" was not proper.
Mr. Burde said he wouH apologize. He noticed It seemed possible to say almost anything ln the
House and then to apologize and
get away with tt.
Mr. Speaker Manson—It depends
on the speaker.
.  .        Oliver tlie Digger
When the debate was resumed on
Tuesday 0f this week, Premier
Oliver Jumped into the fray with
the old, old story of unemployed
not being willing to work, or to
undertake ditch digging. Appar-
netly Mr. Oliver had heard that
some rancher who was probably
trying to make a home on some
swamp lands had offered a few
days' work to men at ditch digging, and had not been uble to secure the desired help. Mr. Oliver
told the House that he had dug
WILL 11.
Junior Labor League to
Hold Dance for the
The Junior Labor League meets
tonight (Friday) at the house of
Comrade J. S. Woodsworth, 2147
Third avenue west, at 7:30, when
Comrade Woodsworth will lead the
discussion on Industrial history. At
8:30 o'clock, Mrs. Rose Henderson
will give a lecture on "Peace," and
it Is understood that she will give
a review of a book on "War and
Last Friday night showed a big
turnout to the business meeting,
and any outsiders, had they been
present* would have readily seen
that the League ls progressing very
quickly. The change of the name
of the League was discussed at
very great length, and after listening to well reasoned arguments for
and against the motion, that "the
name of the League be changed to
Young Labor League," the motion
was defeated by an overwhelming
majority. It was quite evident,
from the commencement of the discussion, that the members were de.
strous of sticking to the name,
"Junior Labor League," which
name is becoming well known in
the Labor movement.
The suggestion that the League
should run a dance ln aid of The
Federatlonist, was well received,
and a committee was appointed to
arrange matters. The committee
in charge, reports that they have
been able to secure the Cotillion
Hall for Friday, April 1, and the
League hopes to be able to contribute a fairly substantial sum to the
Federatlonist, in order that lt may
carry on. Fuller particulars of the
dance will be given later.
The J. L. L. is waiting for the
King Edward High School Debating Society to fix a date for the
holding of the mock parliament. It
has been arranged that each side
shall bring down one bill, and the
leader for the League (the opposition) is perusing several bills already drawn up.
Where ls the Union Button?
ditches, and what was good enough
for him, was good enough for the
unemployed. Of course, he was
referring to the ditch digging, not
to his high standard of living.
"If this government has a duty to
give employment, then that carries
with it the corresponding power to
say to those unemployed that they
shall work where put either In the
ditch or elsewhere. Are you prepared to accept that proposition?"
asked the premier, looking at the
Labor members.
"Yes," replied Tom Uphill, Labor member for Fernle.
While every man has a particular
calling, said Uphill, he ventured to
think the premier would be much
at sea If he had to dig In a coal
Some Bunch
Sam Guthrie referred to men In
hts district who were good enough
to go to France and flght, but who
now cannot get work though they
want lt. They had sent petition
after petition to the government,;
but the trouble with the government was Its Indifference. When I
men were getting two days work a
week at $4 a day, it was ridiculous
to suggest they should put osicte
something for a rainy day. They
had been threatened with eviction
from.thelr homes because they did
not pay rent when they did not
have anything to buy food and
clothing, having been paid in meal
tickets. Carpenters were Idle now,
and yot there was a spareity of
houses, the lumber yards were full
of lumber and the country teemed
with forests. There should be
connection made between these
factors, Guthrie claimed, and he
asserted the working classes created all the wealth. In the last analysis the working classes were to
blame for sending such a "bunch as
this to represent them ln the
House," he stated amid laughter.
The question was put and carried without a dissenting voice.
The House went Into committee of
the whole, and Guthrie presented
a resolution "that the government
give Its earnest and Immediate
consideration to the acute problem
of unemployment existing ln the
Province' wtth a view to relieving
the same."
' This resolution was approved and
reported  and  the  House adopted
the report of the committee.
Would Change Coul Regulations
Notice was given by the member
for Fernle, Tom Uphill, that on
Thursday he will ask for loave to
Introduce a bill entitled, "An Act
to amend the Coal Mines Regulation Act."
J. Harrington Dealt With
World  Situation
Last Week
Great interest ls still maintained
In the propaganda meetings held
by the Socialist Party of Canada.
Last Sunday night an audience of
1200 people assembled in the Empress theatre to hear J..D. Harrington. After a few preliminary remarks by the chairman, regarding
the work of the S. P. of 0„ and a
reference to the official organ of
the party, The Western Clarion,
the speaker of the evening was
called upon.
In opening his address, he referred to the persistency with which
humanity clings to old ideas, and
time-worn customs, Insisting that
all ls well In spite of abundant evidence to the contrary. Dealing with
the remarkable Industrial depression In the United States, following the election of Harding to the
presidential chair, the speaker
made some telling points, which
were well received by the audience.
He also referred to the Wilson administration, now frantically trying
to wind up Its business, and which
would be replaced ln a few days
by a new congress.
Briefly sketching the events leading up to the recent deportation of
Ludwig K. Martens, the representative of Soviet Russia ln New
York, the speaker then explained
the results caused by this action,
which was recommended by Secretary of Labor Wilson, the one-time
coal miner. He also dealt with the
reports of the disturbance In the
neighborhood of the Isthmus of
Panama, and the policy of tho
United States government towards
the Panamalans. He showed by
Illustration how the press can
create a sentiment at any time, tn
the weak, vacillating publlo mind.
The task of the Socialist was to give
facts in regard to human development, and the laws, so little understood, which were operating within
modern society, causing thoHe class
cleavages and conflicts everywhere
apparent. He pointed out and explained the attitude of President
Wilson during hts term of office,
also referring to the policy dictated from Wall street, upon which
Harding was elected. The speaker's reference to tho world situation. Illustrated ln a humorous
manner, were given close attention
by the audience.
And ln closing hts address, he
pointed out that sooner or later the
workers would be forced to tnke
charge of the world's affairs for
their own welfare. Their duty
right now was to acquire a profound concept, a clear understanding of the task awaiting them. Numerous questions were dealt with
In an able  manner.
The speakers next Sunday will
be J. F. Smith and S. Earp.
The largest Exclusive Hen's and Boys' Shoe Store ini did Weal.
We are now showing the new Spring Shoes.  A fine dark
brown calf bal. or Blucher, low wide heels,
on a number of the bestJasts  	
The lien's Shoe Specialist
More wear****
less tear
SUPPLYING the needs of the man who
needs working clothes is a big part of our
business. We know what ho wants and
stock accordingly. These slilrte are cut on
comfort lines—-In grey and brown flannel—
with military effect of flat oollar and tivo vest
pockets... Splendid values—
$3 to $6
Our prices on Spring Furnishings
reduce the cost.
"Your Money's Worth or roar Money Back."
Wm. Dick
J.  S. Woodsworth Was
the Speaker Last
Where are weat? Where did we
come from? Where do we go from
here? Such were the questions
discussed last Sunday by J. S.
Woodsworth at the Clumbia.
Wo live In a new world. Even
the comparatively peaceful, simple
pre-war days seem very, very far
away. In the storm and night, the
anchors have not held. We have
been driven hither and thither, tossed about. Now ln the grey dawn
of another day, we eagerly scan
the horizon for signs of any familiar landmarks—for any landmarks
at all. Where do we stand In relation to the old Institution of society, the old ideals? The great
task of today is to Interpres the
ideals of a new social order.
Where did we come from? According to the teaching most of us
received ln the Sunday school, tho
history of the race wus a comparatively simple thing. Six thousand
years ago, man was created, a perfect being. He sinned, and since
has been paying the punishment
for his sin. For 4000 years he lived
under the "old dispensation." Then
for 2000 years he has been living
under the "Christian dispensation."
(Heaven help usl) Let each man
bc good and he will go to a better
world.   How simple It all was?
But In this scientific age, thc problem of the race Is not so easy. As
we read such a book as Engels'
"Origin of the Family," we glimpse
the long road up which the race
has slowly travelled. The road is
strewn with the works of old Institutions and Ideals as Indeed with
extinct species. Read history, read
the records of the ancient monuments, read the stone books—civilizations, races, religion, have come
and gone. Again and again nature
has gone up a blind alley and either
perished or been forced to try
Once more we have come to a
fork In the road. It would seem
as lf we might take a great forward step Into a co-operative commonwealth, or on the other hand,
might sink back into a servile state.
There Is nothing inevitable about
the next stage. An advance requires Intelligence and courage.
The end to be attained for Individuals as for nations ls self-determination within the bonds of a
world brotherhood. The dictatorship of the proletariat and thc use
of physical force were the means
by which the Czarist regime was
ended in Russia. They mny be the
means by which other autocracies
shall be destroyed. But they are
means which the speaker would not
advocate, and should lf possible be
avoided. A benevolent working-
class dictatorship ts the superior
to a callous beaurocratlo dictatorship, but it Is by no means a cooperative commonwealth.
It ls doubtful tf any man, or any
group, Ib e big enough to be entrenched with absoluto power, Tha
speaker confessed that he was
somewhat of an anarchist—that
ls, that though state control might
be an Intermediate stage, the end
was self-determination—that each
man was able to express his own
life In his own way. So with physical force—what was won by physical force must be held by physical forco. We had driven the de.
vll of militarism out of the Germans but he had found refuge In
British imperialism. Militarism
could not be destroyed by militarism.
The speaker, while repudiating
the old ideas of morality and religion held that their terms might
well be used to express the emergency standards of conduct and
the half-Inarticulate aspirations of
the   world-wide   labor  movement.
The old world Is dead. Let us
boldly face the future;
The audience appreciated the
rendering of a solo by W. Dyson.
Next Sunday, Tom Richardson
will occupy the platform and Comrade A. Mclnnes will occupy the
Mrs. Gibson will be the soloist.
Sunday, March 13th. Special
efforts on behalf of the Federatlonist; Comrado Pettipiece and
others to speak.
Electricians Are
Still Offi Job
(Continued from Page 1)
Saturday—Social at headquarters, 148 Cordova St. W., free. Roll
up In crowds and enjoy yourselves.
We shall be glad to see all men
and women Interested ln the labor
Sunday—Sundny School, 1:46,
for boys and girls. Send them
along and have them Instructed In
the truth.
Sunday—Columbia Theatre, 8
p.m. Come and hear Tom Richardson.
Monday—8 p.m., at headquarters, Dr. Curry's class.
Tuesday—Executive meeting at
headquarters, 8 p.m,
Thursday—Speakers' class at
headquarters, 8 p.m.
Sunday, March 13—Don't forget
Columbia Theatre, 8 p.m. Comrade
Pettlplece and others to speak on
behalf of Fund to Aid the .Foderationist.
Join the party. Headquarters,
148 Cordova Street West.
Help the  Fed,  by  helping our
New National Hotel
200 Outside Rooms
Special Rates by the Week
Ph.  Sey.  7030—1221   GranvUle
live and support their kith and kin
in a manner becoming human beings.
Street Rallwaymen Still Walt
The advisory board of the three
divisions of the Strtet Railway-
men's Union met last Tuesday to
consider the situation, insofar as
It involved their union,. .In view
of the fact that negotiations were
being held at that time between
the Electrical Workers and the B.
C. Electric, with the aid bf Mayor
Gale, the', board decided to lay the
matter over till the outcome of the
negotiations were known. Now
that the negotiations have ended
without any settlement, the board,
under Instructions, will hold another meeting to consider what action they will take, In backing up
the strikers. The Electrical Workers have not yet asked for the support of the Street Railwaymen, although that union has approached
them several times on the subject.
Central Hotel
Phone Sey. 051.3
Night—Phono High. 405X
H. Walton
Specialist  In    Electrical   Treatment!,
Violet Ray snd High Frequency for
R hen in ni is in,  Sciatica, Luralogo, Paralysis, Hair   and   Scalp   Treatment*,
Chronic Ailments.
Phoae  Seymour 2048
198 Hastings Street West.
THE economio conditions now prevailing in Vanconver
and the widespread unemployment consequent thereon, has forced the unemployed workers, together with
the soldiers' organization, to form a Council of Workers.
This oounoil has for its object the binding together of the
workers, in order to prevent, so far as possible, the
growing tendency to depress the workers' standard of
living. It ii to the interest of all workers, irrespective
of their trade or craft affiliations, to be represented on
this ooundl. Send delegates from your local and from
your councils. Whatever the differences whioh may exist
with regard to forms of organization, let us reoog-
nixe the oommon danger whioh faces all of us, and get
together in the Oounoil of Workers for common action
against the Common Enemy.
Extraordinary Value
British Made
C. D. Bruce
Corner Homer and Hasting Streets


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