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The British Columbia Federationist Jul 1, 1921

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Array THE BRITISH
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:' STRENGTH.
THIRTEENTH YEAR.   No. 25.
FOUR PAGES
OFFICIAL PAPEB:   VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL.
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY ^HORNING, JULY 1,1921 "
POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTORY
$2.50 PER YEAR
IHE ILLS OF
Humanity Cannot Be Sustained by Hypnotic
Influences
The Penitent Torm No
Bar at Which Hungry
Can Feed     __
The professed followers of the
lowly Kaiarene are again ealled
■pon to render service ln an effort
to save soolety from the teachings
of Marx. Of course, the beneficiaries of the present order are not
dependent solely upon the followers
of the crucified one. At their service are also to be found, those so-
oalled. representatives of Labor,
who through being ln possession of
to living far above the average
Worker, or living In hopes of receiving one suoh, attempt to divert the
minds of the working olass from
Ihe real Issue. It Is the ones within reach, however, with whom we
are at present concerned. We have
an evangelist ln our city. Evangelists must bloom and flourish during times of unrest, whether that
Unrest be caused by unemployment
or wage disputes. This time lt is In
order to prove to the hungry and
j homeless and ill-clad that their
oondltlon ls due, not to a lack of
markot. Not to their slave eondl-
' tlon, not to the values produoed—
but solely to tire fact that a mythical ancestor of ours ate the core of
an apple one flne "morning. In June,
aince whan our souls have been
1>lack with sin. The evangelistic
person now performing ln the Tabernacle, Is not of the meek and lowly type, nor yet is he bound by the
ordinary anatomical discoveries as
Is a mere ordinary doctor of surgery. He knows He must be beoause he aays so, that Socialists are
people who have their brains taken
out, and Bolshevists people with
their hearts taken out.
HiB statements In all probability
•Imply express his desires and the
desires of those who employ him.
Fortunately for us, and the human
race generally, this Is not likely to
happen just yet. Conditions breed
revolutionaries, just as they breed
evangelists and other parasitic elements of modern society.
All the mouthings of our evangelical visitor cannot hinder the operation of those social forces which
are working slowly, but surely, toward the destruction of the preient social system. The talk of the
soul-savers may hypnotize many
who do not yet understand their
(Continued on page S)
Soviet Russia  Places a
Different Construction
to This Term
Novjl Put reports: Soviet Russia
la the only land In the world where
Social Welfare extends to all porsons who live by working, including those who carry on business,
and peasants.
At present there are over 600,000
pensioned soldiers of the old and
Bew armies, of whom 85 per cent.
are peasants, 200,000 invalids are
maintained by the state ln homes
and colonies. The state looks after
the family of the Red soldiers also,
by exemption from rent, grants of
food, and support of their farms.
In the village Soviots thore are nt
present special peasant committees
for public mutual help, who organise social welfare on the principle
of mutual assistance.
(By the term social welfare bb
bere used, something altogether different ls meant thnu the use of the
■ame word ln other countries. In
other countries' the recipient ot social welfare, sometimes called, nnd
nearly always meant, charity, Is in
the position of receiving a favor.
If an English or au Amorican municipality were to distribute house-
number plates of a certain fixed
pattern, which would serve the con-
'enlonce of all that would be sooial welfare In tho sense which it
ins in Soviet Russia.) * -'
Decline   the , Idea   But
Will Resist Reductions
in Living Standard
Patronage   of   Hastings
Park by Workers
Objected to
The Pender Hall waa filled on
Bunday afternoon, when the unemployed gathered together to discuss the situation aa it now confronts them.
A motion to the effect that steps
be taken to have a communal
"soup" kitchen opened up,
brought forth considerable discussion. It was pointed out that if,
after winning a war for democraoy,
and after demonstrating their ability to produce more than could be
consumed, even lh times of. destruction, the most the working class
of this city.wanted was soup, then
the condition of Ule-workers was
Indeed becoming precarious. The
need of organizing In order to resist
every possible reduction of the
standard of life was Impressed
upon the audience by almost all of
the speakers; as was also the fact
that the only real objective for the
workers to centre their attention
upon ls the abolition of the capitalist system.
Chairman J. G. Smith read an
extract from' the Bankers' Magazine, republished in the Federation-
let, In order to show to the workers
that the powers^ that be are fully
alive to the means and necessity of
preserving their control of the
wage slaves of this continent In
particular, and the world in general:
Attention was also drawn to the
short memory of some of the workers. It is only two months since
the Hastings Park Board refused
the use of the park for May Day.
On that occasion the workers said
they did not want it then or any
other day, yet mnny of them have
already so far forgotten that they
are patronizing the dances held at
the park.
Attention was drawn to the cutting of wages now In process in the
lumber industry; more reductions
being in view on July 1. This, It
was pointed out was the master's
way of solving economic problems.
The still further restriction of an
over-restricted market.        ,*
Chairman Smith stated that if
the Sun reporter, who made Buch a
hash of reporting the meeting on
the previous Sunday, wanted to get
a real report, all he had to do was
to ask,' and the required information would be given to him.
The C. N. U. X. announced thnt
Jack Harrington will give
address on the "Economic Factors
in the American Civil War," on
Friday evening, In the Loggers'
Hall, Cordova street. The next
meeting wtll be.held lo the same
hall on Sunday next, at 2:30 p.m,
•aiifS'tf—s^a-'S''«' i iiiiMftni ii«il|iitinM«.p*N».i>..«..»i.»+..»..t.l«i niiiiiiiniiii.il i| i |m> i"t"t"i'-i'«"t-»"»"*"»"*''l'«"i"* l"l"t"*-*)"»-«—..t-«..>..>..t..t..|N.|..|.».|.».>.>■■«.«..|_>..i
Soviet Georgia
Pravda reports: The German
electrical engineering firm, Stennes
& Schuckert, have made the pro
posal to the Soviet govornmont of
Georgia to build an electric tram
way syBtem ln Tiflls.
Moscow—The Commissariat for
Education has summoned an all-
^"lusslan conference of teachers for
rune 26, ln which the status for the
.dministratlon of the higher institution of learning shall be worked
but.
Novjl Put writes that the construction of a large electrio power
atlon has begun on the Neva.
Flour for Russia
Stockholm — Dagens Nyheter
learns from London that 6000 tons
of flour from London, and 8000
tons of flour from America are on
the way to Petrograd.
TCHARD AI
I COLUMBIA
First   Meeting   at   New
S. P. of C. Headquarters a Success
The flrst propaganda moeting of
the Socialist Party of Canada at
tlie Columbia theatre drew -Tl capacity audience. J. Kavanagh
wns the speaker of the evening.
His address was followed with
olose attention, and at the close a
number of questions came up for
discussion.
Next Sunday night W. A. Prltchard will be the speaker.
Doors open at 7.80. Meeting at
o'clock sharp. Questions and
discussion allowod after the address. A splendid assortment of
books and pamphlets on sale.
BRITISH MINERS RETURN TO
WORK AFTER HEROIC STRUGGLE
LESSON LEARNT WILL BE VALUABLE TO WORKING CLASS OF OLD LAND
THE BBITISH MINBBS have decided to return to '
work.  The conditions that they have aooeptod are not
, as they would have liked them.  They aj$ far below what
they sought to secure after they had been locked out by
the employers.   But the employers have been compelled
to make some concessions.  The exact terms of thc settlement cannot as yet be given as no authentic news has
arrived from the Old Land, and the news in the capi-   ;
talistic press cannot be relied on for accuracy.  It is, however, Bure, that while the immediate objective of the
miners has not been achieved, yet the workers of Great  .
Britain have by bitter experience learned much as a result of the struggle of the miners.
The capitalistic press of all lands has heaped abuse on   -
the men who refused to allow their standard of living ft> wj
be reduced without protest.   They have bcen oalled extremists, aud malcontents, and abuse-of every kind has    _
been heaped on them.  Likened as insensate and obdurate
beings, the British miners have suffered in their struggle •
against  capitalistic  oppression.  No  worker who  has
suffered unemployment or gone through a strike or lockout Van be insensible to the sufferings that they have endured.   The sight of hungry children, gaunt and careworn wives, must indeed have been a terrible strain, and
without thc suffeijings  that  they  themselves- endured
through the lack of necessities of life, of sufficient magiii-  .
tude to demonstrate the courage that these men had in
their fight against industrial oppression.   Workers of all.
countries who have, in the struggle for a living gone
through similar experiences will realize just what the .
British miners have gone through."
.' That the struggle will not be without value to the
workers of the Old Land is, however, the only hright
.pot in the picture. It appears to be necessary that the
.workers' go through suoh experiences so that they
ean realize that the capitalistic system has nothing to
offer them. Out of their sufferings will eome knowledge
and intelligent action. The betrayal of the miners by the
'officials of the Triple Alliance, which the capitalistic press
%loats over, will mean anew alignment in the workingclass movement in the old land. The reactionaries will
ie given thoir walking ticket. The. rank and file will aeek
to control their own destinies and thoir so-called leaders
will be relegated to the background of infamous ignomy
which their actions have proved conclusively they de-
, Verve. Thfe capitalistic world may gloat over^the so-
called defeat of the British miners, but the fact remains
that the result of the struggle will give an impetus to the
jvorking class movement that will, inevitably result in
inucli progress being made by the working class of Great
Britain aud consequently of the working-class as a wholo.
Let the gloaters have their hour of imagined security and
joy, for out of experience gained by heroic effort, the
miners of Great.Britain have forged a new link*in the
solidarity and purpose of the International Working
Class. Comrades over the seas, blood of our blood, members of the class to which all workers must of necessity be
a part, the revolutionary workers of Canada only trust
that the workers of this country will have the. same courtage and tenacity of purpose when the final struggle for'
the emancipation of the working class'shall take place.
Is
Sues Employer, Who
Fined in Police
Court
An interesting case with a direct beuring on the prosent in. us-
trial situation was tried In the
North Vancouver Police court last
Saturday. A Chinese worker employed at the Rex shingle mill on
piecework decided to jiuit. He
wont to the manager, H. Haddon,
and asked for his pay. Instead
of receiving the money due him he
received some little 111. treatment.
The Chinese worker'B story was
substantiated by the sworn evidence of a witness who testilied
that after the superintendent had
expressed his disgust at the shingle machine being stopped as a
result of the plaintiff's quitting
his work, he proceeded to eject
him from the building, grasping
him by the throat ln tils efforts.
The Chinese worker was much
smaller in Btnture than his antagonist, but he did his best to protect himself from the brutal onslaught, but emerged from the
conflict bloody and badly scratched
from the contact with uncut finger
nails.
Owing to thc plea of counsel for
the^defence for time to prepare his
case, the plea was changed from
one of Intent to commit grievous
bodily harm to one of common assault. The presiding magistrate
sentenced the accused to pay tho
sum of ten dollars fine and costs,
TM1I
WiU Take Case of S.S.
Canadian Carrier
to Courts
A case of special interest to seamen  will  shortly  ho  tried  In  the
high court ofsadmtralty, involving j and Mcfhnis.^ They spoke at length
on current events, dealing particularly with the unemployment prob-
F. L. P. Does Not Want
< Fads Foisted on Children in Schools
!The speakers for the P. L. P. last
Sunday were   Comrades" Pettipiece
question of obtaining discharge
and wagos at tho Port of Vancouver, in behalf of S. Crombie (able
seumair), and T. Miller (fireman)
members of the Niitlonnl and Firemen's Union of Great Britain. The
question In dispute which the maritime organlaztlons of Vancouver^!*.
C, are bearing the cost of the trial
ls a test case over a point of law,
as to tne Construction of ship urll-
cles of'agrcement between master
and crew. Tho abovo named mem-
hers who shipped In the Canadian
Government Merchant Marine, Led.,
steamer Canadian Currier at Halifax, N. S., on Peb, 2, 10 21, signed
the following articles: "Halifax, N.
S., to New York, U. S. A., thence to
any port or ports between the ..limits of 76 degrees north and for 65
degrees south latitude to and fro,
as required for a period not to exceed twelve months, final port of
discharge to be In the Dominion ol'
Canada."
On arrival at Vancouver, B. C„
on June 14, 1921, thoso two men
asked the master of the vessel, II.
W. Robson, to be paid off. which
was refused, the men maintaining
their rights according to the articles of agreemont claiming tlieir
discharge and wages In Vancouver
and admonished  the culprit, stat-jns a part of the Dominion of Can-
Ing that with the present labor un-jadu,   The men, after being refused
Isvestia writes: Up till March 10
the meat deliveries of the Republic
amounted to 21,819,924 pood which
was about 71 per cent, of the pro<
gramme.
„«^+..«»t"i-.tM|..«■■»_■■«"*_■■*_■■*_..*_.'Ii.I. mil i'i»"»">'
A MEETING OP ALfc
Workers of Greater Vancouver
Under tho Auspices of the Council ol Workers
—WILL BE HELD IN THE—
PENDER HALL
Comer of Pendor and Howe Streets
Sunday Afternoon, July 3rd
Commencing at 2:SO
WORKERS, WHETHER UNEMPLOYED OR NOT, ARE
REQUESTED TO ATTEND THIS MEETING
rest it was not ln the best Inter
ests of the community that such
things should occur. An Interest
ing fenlure'of the trial was the
administering of the chicken oath
to the Chinese witness, who, upon
being asked if he was a Christian,
bluntly replied "no." The court
official then proceeded to burn a
piece of paper while tho magistrate adjured thc witness that he
would burn as did the paper if he
did uot tell tho truth.
Another feature of the case was
the quitting of all the Chinese
workers at the mill,, none of thom
turning up to work after their
fellow-worker had been attacked.
FARMERS JOIN WITH
TRANSPORT WORKERS
Amalgamation of British Workers
Will Commence on
Jan. 1, 1922
Sheffield,   England.—The   furm,
transport   and    general   workers*
unions have amalgamated and the
now union will make Its debut Jan
uary 1 of next year.   The>ctlon on
their discharge, came ashore, tell'
ing the chief officer and chief engineer respectively that they were
flnlshe^with the vessel. On Saturday, .tunc 18, 1921, the master of
the vessel had the two men arretted for absence from the vessel
without leave, the caae was tried in
the local police court on Monday,
June 20, the Seamen's Union re»
tained thc services of Mr. Mlltoir
Price, barrister, to defend the men,
and after arguments In the case
bad been proceeded with, the master of the vessel withdrew the
chargo, thereby freeing the men,
who have left the vessel, and are
determined to seo the cnso through
to a finish, as pnpers havo boon
served on tho deOofidttlit company
un June 25, for claims ngainst thom
In behalf of thc two men mentioned.
the
United
amalgamation was taken
conference here of the
Vehicle Workers.
Labor was warned by N. Brad'
well, national organizing secretary
of the vehicle workers, against the
power of the Federation of British
Industries. Ho said the only way
to counteract this employers' or
ganlzatlon was by scientific organ
izatlon of all the workers. Stan loy
Hirst, general secretary, said that
In future the union would have to
face the question of further amalgamations. He hoped tbat these
would take place becauso the way
ln which money and energy had
been spent by one union fighting
another was a standard disgrace to
the working communulty of the
country.
Hayward, Calif.—Farmers of
this vicinity aro giving ripe cherries away, rather than soil them
to tho canneries at a loss. The
canneries offer 4 oents a pound.
It costs 8 cents a pound to have
them picked and nearly 8 oents a
pound more to have them hauled
to the canneries.
GET A NEW SUBSCRIBER
Tlio greatest nssistanco that thc
readers of The Federatlonist can
render ur nt this time, Is hy securing a new subscriber. By doing *>o,
you spread the news of the working class movement and assist us
lem, and urged solidarity among
the workers as a possible solution.
A question period followed and a
discussion which brought out many
good points. Next .Sunday the
speaker will bo Aid. Sei'ibbens. The
general meeting .will be held Tuesday, July 6. A very successful
meeting watL. held Snturduy last
when, ul'tcr a supper.served by the
women's committee, n very valuable discussion wns had In which
many comrades took part, and an
active literature campaign was
planned.
. According to a resolution passed
by the general meeting a month
ago a delegation composed of Comrades Charlton and Mrs. Corse appeared before the school board
during the week to protest against
organiaztIons nf various kinds being able to offer prizes for competition in order to Impress their particular Ideas or fads upon the children. The committee objected to
the principle lnvotved, pointing out
that every oi-gunis-tition had- the
equal right to ask the some favors
as the Klwanls Club and the Elks.
For instance, there are the Freemasons, Oddfellows, Orangemen,
church societies, lubor organizations, and ..the Solf-Determlnntlon
League. Each of those may have
an idea they wish introduced! nnd
where will the children's education
come in? The delegation protested
against the use of the schools for
advertising cnmpalgns, Madc-ln-
B. C. or otherwise, also tbe taking
of collections of money for any
purpose whatever. Principals and
teachers In many instances deploro
tho constant Interruption of outside
sources and say it keeps tbe children In a state of constant exclto-
ment. The school board and tho
press Ignoro tho principlo at stake
and dwell upon the (lag essay only,
the board stating lt wns English
composition and so is Included in
thc curriculum. How many parents realize that their children
missed several periods of regular
work to write and prepare this
essay, and could not the time have
been used to advantage on -subjects
In whtch each pupil was weak. The
majority of high school pupils had
to write; very fow were exempt.
The principal of the Britannia High
Sohool stntes the course must bo
lengthened to four years In order
(Continued on page 2)
T
A Little More Speed Needed
" a     "
WHILE some effort has been made by our readers to
get more subscribers, no deluge has as yet swamped
the circulation department. Five hundred subscriptions
can be handled each week for the next six months. This
number of new subscribers will place the Federationist in
a position that is unassailable. Every week letters of congratulation on the policy of the paper are received. While
these letters aro appreciated, a new subscriber is even
greater testimony of the appreiation of our readers.
"Working-class education, on class lines, was never needed
as it is now, and ev^ry reader of the Federationist can
help this work along by inducing at least onc worker to
become a regular reader of thc Federationist. Get a
hustle on, the cause ia worthy of every effort you ean
""make.
No Big Surprises—Cottrell Re-elected Business Agent
The election of officers for Division 101 of the Street and Electric
Rallwaymen's Association, took
place Thursday, June 23. No great
surprises resulted, W. H. Cottrell
being re-elected business agent and
financial secretary by a large majority. The results were as follows;
Two ran for the office of president, F. H. Hoover and W. Murray.
Hoover being elected by a majority
of 26, the vote being, Hoover 397,
Murray 871. H. T. Ford and C. M,
Stewart ran for the office of second
vice-president, Stewart being elea
ted, the vote being Stewart 384,
Ford 326.
Business Agent Cottrell was
elected by a large majority,- the
vote being Cottrell 530, Hougahin,
246.
Eight ran for the three positions
as auditors, the vote being: Mclnnis 337, A. V. Loftily 284, A. F. An
drews 288, H. W. Sfieed 251, E. G.
Kermode 260, A. J. Harroway 244,
W. Ford 241, J. Auton 235. The
three first named wore elected.
Four ran for the executive board
representing the day men, onc
member being required. The vote
resulted ln electing A. E. Selby,
whose voto wus 1G5; A. Mclnnis
receiving 81, W. J. Chivas 45 and
W. Barker 41. The night men secured the election of J. Prico on
tho executive, four being nominated. Price received 84, W. H. Arnold 79, J. Johnstono 68, D. W. McLeod 36. The extra men had two
nominees for the executive, W.
Davidson being elected with 68
votes, white his opponent, G. E.
Clarke received but 15.
The following officers were elected by acclamation: 1st vice-president, Jos, E. Smith; recording secretary, F. E. Griffin; treasurer, E.
S. Cleveland; warden, J. A. Woods;
North Vancouver (executive), It.
M. Viney.
Tellers—Judgo of elections, W.
Leeden; Vancouver, G. Friend, R.
A. Terrace; North Vancouver, R.
M. Viney; Lulu Island, E. J.
Lourle.
UNEMPLOYED SEE ONE OF GREATEST
E
South Vancouver Workless Want Work
Opened
SOUTH VANCOUVER
UNEMPLOYED'TO PICNIC
i»»»> gi^i.|ll|i|..ali|i.tii»ni,|-i»^.r»^^_».n-»-<**-»>'.
Seeond Out ing or Season  Will  lie
Held July 10th at the
Second IJeiich
The unemployed of South Vancouver have arranged to hold a picnic at Second Beach on Sunday,
July 10, The success which attended tho laet effort along similar
lines was so great that young and
old are looking forward to this outing. The committee In chargo will
sparo no effort to make the day's
outing a success, and all workers
are invited lo attend.
Commissioner   Has   Ap
pealed tb Province
for Funds
Ai, a reeult of a decision arrived
at on Monday night by the unemployed of South Vancouver, a delegation waited on Commissioner
Gillespie on Wednesday morning to
urge.the opening up of more work
to relieve the unemployed situation,
Some 160 unemployed waited the
return of the delegation, and used
the time to discuss the question of
Why Are JYe Unemployed?
In answer to the request for more
work, Commissioner Gillespie poln<
ted out that it was Impossible to
start more work at the present
time. He also stated that he had
aaked the governmont for $220,000
for road work, but only $40,000 of
this sum, if granted, would, go In
wages, the rest In material.
The .delegation called the atten
tlon of Mr, Gillespie to the desire
of the unemployed for the two-gang
system, and that he'had promised
to give a decision. The Commissioner replied that he had aeen Mr.
Hopper, the superintendent, and ho
had stated that he would' sooner
quit than Institute that system. The
work that Mr. Hopper is In oharge
of, Is sewer work on Sixteenth Ave.
and Manitoba street. Mr. Gillespie,
however, pointed out that the men
who had been engaged steadily had
not turned out on Tuesday morning
to work, and that this would solve
the problem. Mr. Gillespie alsc
stated that where men could be replaced, they would have to take
their 5 _ days with the rest.
The question of relief was also
taken up with the Commissioner.
The men pointed out that in thc
pant lt had been the rule that a
man had to be without work for
eight days before he could receive
"relief. Today lt ls necessary for a
man to have been off for at least
three weeks before relief Is given.
The demand for relief work Ib so
great that the men have to often
wait eight weeks before they can
get relief work, yet they are compelled to wait at least three weeks
after they have received their pay
for the relief work before they can
get the relief pay.
The delegation pointed out that
Mr. Fleming was only paying some
married men $10 per week, relief
pay, and withholding the dollar for
each child. The Commissioner
stated that Mr. Riley, municipal
clerk, had control of the relief pay,
and all such cases should be referred to him for adjustment.    .
At the conclusion of the meeting
on Wednesday morning, resolutions
were passed calling on the Provincial government to open road and
other public works for the relief of
the unemployed and requesting the
attendance of Mr. Pearson, M. P.
P., for Richmond, R. H. Neelands,
M. P. P. for South Vnncouvor, and
Major Cooper, M. P. to attend the
next meeting of the unemployed,
which will be held in the Municipal
Hall next Monday.
Tho meeting on Monday night
was largely devoted to the question
of the two-gang system, and thc
resignation 0f the secretary. It
wns stated at the meeting that some
(Continued on page 8)
W. Z. Foster Says Russian
Revolution Vital to
World's Workers
Warns Workers Against
Capitalist Newspaper
•. Propaganda
(Bdltor*! Not*:—Through th*
must el Ilea which have been told
about Russia It hae.been difficult
for American workers to pei-celve
the truth ln the iltuatlon ln th*
new republic. It wu for thl*
reaaon that The Federated Presa
nearly, three montha ago commissioned William Z. Foster, best
known to tho American Trade
Union movement as a leader ln the
reoent steel strike, to goto Russia
and write of conditions as he found
them, The first of Mr. Foster'*
article* follows:)
By William Z. Foster
(Federated Press Stall Writer)
Moscow, May 11.—The Russian
revolution Is one of the greatest
events In human history. It Is full
of the most vital significance for
the workers of the entire world. At
all hazards they must become acquainted wtth what lt really means.
Unfortunately, up to the preeent
time, because of the machinations
of the employers and the exploiting
class generally, the great masses of
workers have not grasped Us 'true
Import. Particularly is this ths
case ln the United States. Hence,
ln order that American workers
may be put ln possession of the
facts and thus awakened to the importance of the tremendous move,
ment here, The Federated Press
haa commissioned me to write a
series of articles' on the Russian
situation, as seen by a trade unionist. Therefore, as I go along, I
shall describe as best I can, the existing Institutions of Soviet Russia:
how the workerB think, act, and
live; their struggles against their
oppressors, and Jhelr prospects for
the future.
To begin with, however, It will
be necessary to caution American
trade unionists to lay aside their
prejudices against Russia. Almost
everything they have heard or read
about, this revolutionary country la
malicious falsehood, poison-gas'
propaganda set afloat by reactionary Interests to discredit the Russinn revolution, whtch ls the most
profound and Important movement
(Continued on page .)
I CARED FOR
C. N. V. X. to Meet
A propaganda meeting will bo
held tonight (Friday, July 1), under tho auspices of tho Canadian
National Union of Ex-Sorvlcomen.
The speaker will bc J. Harrington,
and tho subject, "Economic Factors in the American Civil War."
The meeting will bo held in the
Loggers Hall, 61 Cordova street
wost, commencing at 8 p.m. It has
bcen decided to hold a propaganda
meeting every week, the speaker
and subjoct will be announced each
week in the Federatlonist,
EVERT RKAJIKR CAN HEtiP
Every reader of The Fwlera-
Ooillst can render villi.nblc nssistanco hy renewing their t-Ubficrij.-
tlons as soon as they aro due, and
and by Inducing unOUier worker to
subscribe, lt dot* not tnko much
effort to do this.   Try It.
Are Given Farms and AH
the Necessary
Equipment
'Isvestia." reports: In spile of
all difficulties the Central Committee for the Support of tho
Farms of the Rod .Soldiers carried
out the distribution of 286,65*1,228
rouhlcs during the past year. With
the help of tliis commission the
following work was done for the
farms of tlio Red Soldiers, 675,-
451 desslatln were sown, harvested
and threshed. Thc farms were Issued with 4,966,633 pood of seed
of various kinds, 4.-,895 horses,
2,073 cows, 25,375 sheep, 226,870
Bycles, 82,976 ploughs, 17,609 weels
and numerous other articles of use
for the farm, 8,167,226 bricks, 13,-
424 pood of Iron nnd other building material, as well as fuel. Tho
repair shops have also done much
work for the farms of the Red
Soldiers.
II
10
Wrangel's   Forces   Noi
Wanted in Turkish
Territory
(By the Federated Press)
New York — Washington advlcet
that the remnants of General
Wrangel's "crusaders." now scatter-
ed throughout Turkey, are to bs
sent to the Vladivostok area to join
forces with antl-Sovlet troops, are
taken to indicate that the Allied
contention finally has been upheld
that their presence on Turkish territory was "dangerous" to the peace
and security of Constantinople.
The speed with which the Allies,
and particularly France, hastened
to get "out from under" these
Wrangel forces after their defeat
by the Russian armies recalls a
despatch printed inconspicuously in
the New York Times last November from its Paris correspondent,
which sheds a rather lurid light on
the Ill-starred Wrangel adventure.
Tho despatch, after explaining
that no harm could follow the pub*
llration of the facts, since Wrangel
had already failed, said Wrangel
was "associated" with a powerful
business organ Izatlon, which bud
SUmptUOUfl headquarters In Paris,
and that this organization financed
the Wrangel outfit, expecting to reimburse themselves by selling grain
and other products of the Crimea,
later to exploit the Iron and coal
i-6sources of the regions they hoped
to "capture."
The company, called the Russo-
French Society of Exploitation of
South Russin and Crimea, was
formed enrly In 1920 with a capital
of 12 million francs, nnd its organizers wero said to bc a "group of
Franco-Russian flnunolers and Industrials," with M. Kamenk of the
Ban'QUe du Nord among the moro.
prominent ones.
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
804 FENDER STREET  WEST
SUNDAY—Special mooting of 0, B. U. Piledrivers, 1 p.m.
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Detcrminalion League.
THURSDAY—Workers' Council and Plasterers' Helpers.
FBIDAY—Women's Auxiliary.
SATURDAY-Dance, 9 to 12.
■H «t ■•• -I - 0 "«..«,. |., | ■jjjfjt
\ \GETWO
THIRTEENTH YEAR.    NO,
, 25 "THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouveb.
b.c
FRIDAr July 1,  191
I B.C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by Ihe B. Ol
Federationist, Litnited
t. a WELLE
...Manager
Office:   Room 1, Victoria Block, 342 Pender
Btreet Weit
Telephone Beymour 6871
-ubscribtion Bates: United Statea and Foreign,
13.00 per year; Canada, 12.50 per year, 31.60
for six months; to UnionB subscribing In a
body, 16c per member per month.
Unity et Labor: Ihe Hope of the World
FRIDAY...
..July 1,  1921
IF ONE were to take the peans of joy
that have been published in the capitalist press since the British miners decided to return to work as conclusive,
the outcome of the struggle between the
mine owners and the min-
THE END ers would be considered a
OF IT victory for the employers.
ALL. It may be true that the
men lost their immediate
fight against a reduction in wages, but
the employers have also lost, and the
miners have won much that is of incalculable value to them. Incidentally, the
workers of Great Britain have had an
experience that will of necessity result
in a better understanding of what they
must endure under the present system.
* * »
The immediate cause of the trouble in
tho coal mining industry in the Old
Land was the peace treaty. Under the
peace treaty, Qermany was compelled to
conform to certain requirements' of the
Allies, amongst which was the delivery
of millions of tons of coal per month to
Prance. Prior to this, Italy, France and
other countries had been purchasing coal
from Groat Britain. As France became
overstocked with German coal, this market was attacked and finally as the
Fronch railways became blocked with
coal, the price fell. Italy could
buy coal from France cheaper than she
could from Great Britain. The Frenoh
market was closed, and even British industries could buy coal cheaper from
France than they could in the home mar-
ket. The economic consequence wag the
necessity of cheaper production in the
Old Land. Such Labor papers as the
Daily Herald sent out wails of woe at
the "conspiracy" of the British employers to reduce wages, and further confusion as to the real situation was spread,
but even members of the ruling class
began to see the "economic consequence
of the peace." They realized that indemnities were not an unmixed blessing,
and that economic forces were compelling
them to take actions, which they did not
like, but which they could not avoid. No
conspiracy existed, but sheer necessity in
the struggle for markets compelled the
employers to reduce wagos in order to
compete with the coal produced in Germany, and which the government of
Lloyd George had been a party to com*
polling Germany to send to France. Thus
do the chickens come home to roost, and
the winners of the war get their reward.
* * *
• Back of the immediate cause, there lies,
however, a flrst oause, and that is the
system on which modern society is based.
In spite of all the protests of all those
that claim the war was fought for democracy and humanity, and disregarding
who started it, the fact remains that it
was a struggle for commercial supremacy
and the actions of the Allies since the
conclusion of the struggle have proven
beyond doubt that they at least intend
that the military defeat of Germany shall
also mean thc commercial subjugation of
the enemy.
a        a        9
The cutting of wages is not confined to
any given country. It is taking place in
every capitalist nation. America, Canada, France and Great Britain are all
witnessing the inevitable outcome of com-,
mercial rivalry and competition. Eaoh
is being compelled to produce at thc lowest possible cost in order to undersell
their competitors. This of necessity entails some reduction in wages, and as the
struggle becomes keener, as it must, due
to thc increased efficiency in production,
which is a direct outcome of the war
efforts, further encroachments on the
standard of living of the workers will be
made. Not because of any plotting in
dark corners on tho part of the employers, but because of economic necessity.
The cutting of wages will not, however,
relieve the situation. It will still further
restrict the market by the decrease in the
purchasing power of the workers, and no
matter where onc may look, and in spite
of all the optimism that may bc spread
by our rulers, the fact remains that the
Dosition of the working class must become worse. Mon are not to blame for
the situation that faces the workers,
whether they reside in Great Britain or
Germany. The system, with its economic
laws, iB stronger than any man or group
of men. It is stronger than the ruling
class itself, and is compelling that class
to take the actions that it does, and will
eventually compel the working class of
the world to take thc steps necessary to
bring it to an end. The British miners
have had an experience that will make
them realize their position, and that their
only salvation lies, not in fighting the
employers over wages, but in a final contest for the possession of political power
so that the workers can by that power,
abolish the system that enslaves them.
If by thcir struggle a realization of their
position has been brought homo to the
workers of Great Britain, they have won
more than an increase of wages could
ever bring them.
Thc premier of British Columbia has
slapped the owner of the Vancouver Sun
over the wrist. We now await the slapped individual's wollop to the Bolar plexus. What a pity both of these individuals do not tell the publio all ihey know
of one another. It would certainly make
interesting reading for our friends, the
taxpayer*.'
FOLLOWING OUB comments of last
week on the formation of the Economic Counoil in-Vancouver—and getting
in ahead of the criticism that we know
will result, in which we will be charged
with being destructive'
A HINT and never ready with
FOR any constructive pro-
SYMFATHIZERS posal — we desire to
call the attention of
the solvers of the unemployment problem to a few facts that might assist them
in their endeavors to solve a problem
that to date has baffled all social reformers and uplifters of humanity.
» * *
One of the first things necessary for
our friends who pity the workers so
much now that business is feeling the
pinch should notice, is the fact that unemployment seems to be almost universal.
Almost, but not quite. There is one spot
on this earth where there docs not seem to
be any uproar because the people cannot
get work. In fact, every writer who
has dealt with the affairs of this particular part of the world from the usual
capitalist viewpoint, has pointed out, how
men who in days gone by, who never
did a useful day's work in their lives,
are today doing many things that are
not only useful, but most necessary to
the welfare of the people. They have
been seen engaged in sweeping streets
and many other menial tasks, that only
the great unwashed in other days could
be induced to do. Men who once held
great estates, and never even blacked
their own boots, have been known to
collect garbage, their titles have been
dropped, and today they are looked upon
as useful citizens, whereas in tho days
they considered palmy, they found it almost too much trouble to eat, Thcir
every wish was anticipated by a slave
class, and thoy never had to soil their,
dainty fingers with work. In fact, thc
cry has been, that those that never worked before, are now compelled to work.
That land is Soviet Russia.
»■>'■'-'»
While it may be perfectly true that
the Socialist Commonwealth has as yet
not been perfected in that country, due
to the faot that the greater part of the
world is still capitalistic, and that Communism can only be established by the
international working class, yet the fact
remains that no one is unemployed in
Soviet Russia, that is except the children,
and they don't have to work, as they do,
in Great Britain or the United States.
Their health and general well-being is
of more value than profits, and even the
mothers of tho nation are protected
against work during the times when thcir
young need their immediate attention.
# » »
Far be it from'us to suggest that our
philanthropic friends should emulate the
example of the Russian people by bringing "chaos" to "our" land. We in
Canada, are "free." In Russia they are
not. That is we are free from work at
both jinds of the social scale. The slave
cannot get a job, and the members of
the ruling class don't want them, they
have no need for them. But as.Soviet
Russia seems to have solved the unemployed problem, we would suggest that
the Economic Council, when it gets down
to work, should consider the fact that
Soviet Russia has no unemployed even
though the peoplo of that country are
not free, and that many in this oountry
who are free, have no jobs and want
.•them; and many that never worked and
"yet enjoyed to the full fear that someday
they will be given one. It might be possible that in an investigation of the cause
of this difference between a "free 'people and those living under "despotism
might be found the cause and cure Of
unemployment. It is at least worth investigation.
THE FINANCIAL POST has some very
interesting things to say on the man,
who while still a Labor representative,
becomes a capitalist. The occasion for
this outburst being the recent reports in
connection with the in-
WARAND crease of Mr. Warren
OTHER Stone's salary,   lt will
MIKACLES. be remembered that this
individual is the bead of
onc of the railroad brothorhoods, and his
salary was increased to $215,000 per year.
The Financial Post, commenting on this
fact, has the following to say:
The average professional Labor
leader would resent the charge that
he is a capitalist. And yet he gots a
salary which puts him out of the
category of laborer, apart altogether
from the fact that he does not do
anything in that class.
Recently an increase in salary voted Warren Stone at the triennial
convention of the Brotherhood of
Locomotive Engineers, in Cleveland,
makes him the highest paid Labor
official in the world. He is to receive
$25,000 a year and the grand chief
engineer of tho brotherhood. Mr.
Stone began life as a fireman on the
Burilngton line, but like so many
other successful Labor leaders, he
has ceased to labor, to better lead.
In fact, he has become president of
a bank—a Labor bank. He iB head
of the Locomotive Engineers' Cooperative National Bank, and his
princely salary is paid him partly
for his work as a banker.
ti,        a        *
After some further remarks about the
propriety of a union organizing a bank
or similar institution, the Post concludes
with the following:
As the Ameriean Banker points
out, the late war performed many
sooial miracles. It made paupers of
princes and counts, exiles of kaisers
and kings. But not loast of its
achievements is its conversion of capitalists into laborers and laborers
into capitalists.
While wc had noted that many kings
lost their jobs in the period before the
conclusion of the war, and others had
lost thcir thrones since, and a good many
others now fear for the safety of the
foundations of thoir kingdoms, we had
not noted very many workers becoming
capitalists.    It is true that many Labor
leaders have made a bit, but then they
were not workers. They, in most oases,
not even being servants of the workers
they were supposed to represent, and 'received their emoulments from the master
class in the shape of hand-outs and backsheesh. But most workers have become
poorer since the war. Heroes that did
the fighting, are now on the bread'line.
Some have committed suicide, preferring
death to the lingering horror forced on
them by unemployment. Others are. being forced into the ranks of the revolutionary proletariat. When sufficient of
them get there, the Warren Stones had
better take to cover along with the holders pf thrones and similar insecure positions, or they may be like their prototype
in Russia, made to go to work, and that
would be an awful retribution for thcir
sins. Sooial miracles were performed,
says the Post, but they are nothing to
those that will come when the working
class really geta busy. Miracles. Well,
we should say so. Even presidents of
International Unions may then have to
work.
Worker Gets Six Months
for Circulating "Red
Europe"
R<
Handsome Harry Gale has met the
Prince. He will meet more than that at
the next civio election.
Prices are coming down. This is a
statement that one hears on every hand
these days. Workers without work however, are not worrying about prices. Their
objective is a job so that they can eat.
It seems about time for Lenin to be
killed and Trotsky to take his place
again. It has not happened for at. least
a month. What is the matter with the
press these days. Surely a prize flght
is not interfering with the news that
counts.
Te gods, still another. Vancouver is
now to have an industrial council, so
that master and men can settle thcir differences more amicably than in the past,
and eo that industry will become .'more
stabilized. The counoil will deal with
affairs in the building trades. Judging
by the present outlook, the council has
been formed about eight or nine years
too late, as there does not appear to be
any building industry these days; it went
with the real estate boom.-.
The Medicine Hat election is over. The
government lost it. Incidentally Senator
Robertson, erstwhile Labor man, now the
supporter of the most reactionary government this country ever saw, was called into the fight to save the day, and
deliver the workers into the hands of the
enemy. He failed, and we wonder how
the government likes tho result of "'
electioneering. In passing, we wish to
point out that the election of Gardiner
will not solve any Labor troubles, and the
result of the election only shows the general disgust of all shades of opinion with
the present aggregation of political shy-
sters, including Robertson, which has. the
governing of this country in hand,
The American Federation of Labor convention is over. Rabid attacks have been
made by the executive officers of that organization on Soviet Russia. These officers have been re-elected. This is an endorsation of their ideas. That is by those
who wero delegates to the convention,
This does not mean that the workers of
the United States endorse the polioy of
the American Federation of Labor. Those
who know that organization realize the
machine tactics of the manipulators of the
convention of that body and the rank
and file bf labor of that country will in
due time give expression to their views
and when they do it will be found that
they do. not coincide with those of Gom
pers and his machine oilers.
Sir Oswald Stoll, Musical Hall magnate
recently gave an address, during which
he demonstrated that he realizes a deal
more about the economio consequences
of the peace treaty, as it affects the Old
Land, than many of the so-called Labor
representatives of that country do. Incidentally, he once again raises the question of who won the war for commercial
supremacy! The following extracts from
his address will be interesting reading
after thc failure of tho miners to resist
the wage cuts brought about by industrial depression and competition for
markets:
"Employment, however, the essential
thing for wage-earners, is decreasing.
Unemployment, its opposite, is increasing
—in somo places by leaps and bounds—in
others by slow degree under the creeping
paralysis in trade that is gradually destroying the means to give employment.
The wholesale offer of German ships
for sale by -the government iB closing
down tho shipbuilding industry find injuring all the industries that contribute
to shipbuilding, thus throwing hundreds
of thousands of wage-earners out ■ of
work or putting them on short time.
Meanwhile, the German shipyards are
full of orders for the next three years,
in order to repair the German shortage
of ships.
The gain of those German ships tb this
country will be paid for by our wage-
earners in loss of wages, and by businesses such as ours in loss of business.
The ships should not have been taken
from Gormany unless the industrial system of this country had been sufficiently
changed to insure to those wage-earners
full time employment of some other kind,1
which would give them equal wages
and tend to make the German ships good
freight-earners, instead of a drug in the
market.
So much for ships. Now take coal.
The insistence upon German deliveries
of coal to Franoe, coal for which every
German coal owner and coal getter is
duly paid in full, has thrown a hundred
thousand colliers in this country out of
employment. Whatever coal France gets
under the arrangement will thus be paid
for by wage-earners in this country in
loss of wagos and again by businesses
ksu«h as nurs in loss of business."
Of
ZEALAND 1
Unemployed See
Commissioner Gillespie
(Continued from Page 1)
Resents Outside        *%
Interference
epressive Measures Are
Forcing Workers to
Take Action
(Special to the B, C. Federationist,
from W. Francis Ahern, Australian Correspondent)
It does not need a very clear
vision to see that since the Allied
nations went forth to kill Prussianism and destroy tha beast of
tyranny ln Oermany, many strange
things have taken place ln regard
to the attitude adopted by the so-
called liberators as far as freedom
of speech, press, and assemblage is
concerned. Having succeeded in
killing Prussianism ln Qermany,
the same ugly monster haft reared
its head In almost every Allied
country, with the result that gross
acts of tyranny undreamed of prior
to the Oreat War have been and
are today being inflicted upon the
people by the statesmen and gov<
ernments who were loudest in their
denunciation of Prussianism. What
is taking place In Canada today ls
taking place ln all other dominions
enjoying the so-called liberty sup
posed to be guaranteed under the
Union Jack, In a thousand varied
ways the great principles of o\a-
mocracy for which tho soldiers
were' supposed to fight and die are
being denied the people of the
various countries.
Readers know just what measure
of liberty Is being allowed them in
Canada, And lest they might think
that Canada Is an exception let me
assure them that the tyrannies and
Injustices being inflicted on the
workers by the Canadian government are an exact replica of what
is taking place down under in the
Antipodes. Examples have already
been given In these columns of the
kind of democracy the people on
the Australian mainland are
joying—let us see how lt goes with
the people in New Zealand.
In that country today it ls
criminal offence, punishable by
flne and Imprisonment, to be found
In possession of literature which Is
publicly exhibited and sold ln
every other country ln the world,
including Australia. Many wMe'v-
read and well-known books and
newspapers are banned by the Tory
Oovernment ln New Zealand. Quite
recently a waterside worker was
arrested In that country on i
charge of circulating "seditious lit
erature"—the "literature" being
Frank Anstey's "Red Europe," and
a Russian newspaper known ai
"Knowledge and Unity." -This un'
fortunate person wai tried, and
sent to gaol for six months.
The junkers of New Zealand
reached out In other directions and
grabbed a few more persons.
Messrs. Olover and Hlckey, mana-
ger and editor, respectively of the
'Maoriland Worker"—the official
journal of the workers of New
Zealand—wero served with sunr
monses to appear before the courts
to answer charges of printing and
selling a certain undesirable publl<
cation—"The Irish Tragedy:' Scot
land's Disgrace." It was alleged
that this pamphlet on the Irish
situation incited to lawlessness and
was seditious in its tendency. A
furthor charge levelled against
them waa for printing a pamphlet.
written by John McLean, M. A. of
Glasgow, a brilliant working-class
advocate. The pamphlet was flrst
published ln Scotland, a couple of
years ago, and freely circulated
throughout Britain ever since.
Jt can be said, at least, that this
latest action of the New Zealand
Oovernment has had the effect of
rousing the workers of that country to action. The workers, at last
advice, have decided to hold stop-
work meetings as a protest against
the outrageous campaign of political persecution now being launched
by the New Zealand Oovernment
against th* workers and their representatives. It is expected that
these stop-work-meetings are the
beginning of concerted action on
the part of the workers, and that
the beginning of concerted action
on the part of the workers, and
that the latest act of tyranny by
the Tory Oovernment of New Zealand will bring about serious con
Sequences ln that country.
The action of the New Zealand
government has been responsible
for a vigorous protest from the
leader of the New Zealand Labor
Party, Mr. Harry E. Holland, who
has demanded a definite statement
from the New Zealand Oovernment
whether lt would have the courage
and consistency to arrest and imprison the hundreds of returned
soldiers who are in possession of
and have no hesitation In circa
lating the same literature that has
already sent one man to gaol for
six months. Mr. Holland points out
that the returned soldiers went to
Europe to flght for mental freedom, and scores of these men
strongly resent the repressive legislation and administration of the
New Zealand Oovernment in
gard to the primary principles of
liberty for which the government
has told them they had fought In
Europe. So far, the New Zealand
government has not had the courage to give answer to Mr. Holland's
pertinent queries.
The New Zealand Incidents are
Illuminative examples of the close
alliance existing ln all, countries between militarism and liberty-
destroying Imperialism. In this respect New Zealand ls no better
or no worse than othtr oversea
British dominions—the statesmen
of which still profess that the war
was fought in the sacred name of
liberty and freedom!
of the men who were working steadily had intimated that when the
secretary, who was employed by the
municipality to register the unemployed, quit they would. The secretary stated that he would not allow any one to hide behind him,
and handed In his resignation,
whtch was eventually accepted,
after many had expressed their opposition to his leaving the job. The
question of relief was also brought
up, and It was reported that one
case had been found where a child
14 months old was so badly nourished that lt looked like a bIx-
months old infant.
This case was pointed out as evidence of the fact that the workers
were not getting sufficient work to
enable them to feed their children.
It was pointed out that tn the
month of May, 18 families had been
ln receipt of relief, and only received the sum of $181 between
thom.
J. Ingles was elected secretary,
and instructed to report to fill the
place as left by the late secretary,
at the Municipal Hall. This matter was brought to the attention of
the Commissioner on Wednesday
morning, and he stated that the
new secretary should carry on, and
he would see that he was recognized and paid. The unemployed
thus establishing the precedent of
having their elected representative
as the registrar of the unemployed.
to do the work attempted now ln
three, and yet the children's time
is being broken into by self-seeking
interests, in most cases by those
who flght the workers at every
turn, and yet the workers' children
are in the majority. The present
school board is for the most part
composed of insolent overbearing
people who do not represent the
workers of the city. Two of them
did not receive the quota necessary
for elections Messrs. Nicholson and
Mathieson were not elected and yet
they sit fn judgment, establishing
star chamber methods and talking
blatantly of British principles. A.
Mclnnis and R. P. Pettipiece, members of the Federated Labor Party,
are candidates for the school
board. The election will be held on
August 27. A delegate representing the workers on the Inside will
be much more value on the school
board than one pleading from the
outside. Workers should note this
fact and act accordingly when the
opportunity Is presented.
_ LETTERS TO
} TWED
Editor B. C. Federationist: I desire to protest against the ridicule
of Christianity Indulged In by the
speakers of the Socialist Party, ln
their Sunday evening leotures.
Like many others, no doubt,
hold to a large extent the views
they set forth, as necessary to bring
about a state of affairs, whereby
the working class shall be the only
class, and that the worker shall receive the full reward of his labor.
At the same time, whilst sympathizing with these desirable alms,
I am convinced after many years
of thought upon,the subject, that
presuming such a state of affairs is
ultimately attained, It can never
prove entirely satisfactory or permanent, unless it Is brought about
through and by menns of Christianity; and that the rejection of
Christ, by denial of His claim to be
the Saviour ,wlll simply result in
such a state of materialism, toge
ther with self-gratification, that
the state of those then living, will
be Infinitely worse than under present conditions.
I am aware that the leaders of
the Socialist Party generally, regard Chrltslanlty as a barrier that
hinders, to a large extent, the fur
therance of their aims; but ln thia
I think they err, because their ideas
of Christianity are chiefly based
upon the varloua eccelsiastlcal doctrines, held by theological students,
who study Christianity as a profession, just as a doctor studies medicine or a lawyer the law; and for
the same purpose, with the desire
to benefit humanity,
If Socialist thinkers and speakers
would regard Christianity as possibly a means to further their laud.
able ambitions, and would devote
a little time to studying it from that
angle, they would, I believe, speed
lly discover that it is abaolutely
necessary to accept it, if their hopes
are to be brought to a successful
and permanent issue,
In any case, their present attitude towards it, certainly loses
them many friends, because however desirable material advantages
may be, they are Incomparable with
the hope of eternal life undor perfect conditions, re-united with those
we have loved ln this short life.
Tours faithfully,
R. A. L.
fi
(Continued from page 1)
METER LONDON WANT8
TRADE WITH RUSSIA
Socialist   Congressman   Introduce*
Resolution in U. S. Legislature
Calling for Recognition
Washington.—Recognition of the
Soviet government of Russia by the
United States, and the establishment of friendly relations with the
government and people of Russia,
Is requested of the President in a
resolution introduced lh Congress
by Meyer London,'Socialist member
of the House from New York. It
is the flrst resolution thus far Introduced in which out-and-out
recognition is demanded. The only
other resolution favorable to
Rusaia now pending ls one by Senator Joseph I. France of Maryland,
by which resumption of trade relations with Russia is specifically authorized.
In commenting upon his resolution, London said: "In recognizing
a government the American people
have never inquired as to whether
the form of government was ln
conformity with American Ideas aa
to government. We have done
business with the czar, the kaiser
and the sultan ot Turkey. We are
doing business today with the mikado of Japan, who could hardly
qualify as a democrat"	
r*-m HOME-
GKT A NEW SUBSCRIBER
The greatest assistance that the
readers of Tlie Federatlonist can
render us at this time, Is by gecur-
Ing a new subscriber. By doing no
you (spread thc news of the working das* movemont and assist us
The Workers Council and the Flag
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: As a
member ot the deputation to the
school trustees on the question of
organizations going Into the schools
and interfering with the school curriculum, the reports ln the Province and the Sun are nothing but
perverted statements of what actu
ally took place, First, the school
trustees should remember that they
are a publlo body, and as such
should receive deputations In a civil
manner, allowing the members'of
same to lay their case In an audible
and lucid manner.
I was never allowed to state the
case for the organization I was sent
to represent; but was Interrupted
and cross-examined at every point.
In fact lt was more In the nature
of a debate or conversation that
took place. Now, as to the statement that I object to British principles, this'Is a He. The question
put to me was did X object to the
principles of British citizenship, etc,
I replied this was a debatable point,
meaning, of course, what constitutes British principles and I am
sure everybody agrees this ls a debatable point Nor did I specifically object to the flag essay. I
laid stress on the fact that our protest wob against any organization
going Into the schools at any time;
furthermore, I said if this waa allowed, Labor organizations should
have the same rights, but plainly
stated we did not desire them, and
objected to the procedure at all
times.
The press saw an opportunity to
give the varloua Labor bodies a
knock, and twisted our case to ault
their purpose, m
W. BATT. -
CASH OR
CREDIT
Furniture Store
We want you to come to
this store with confidence
that you can buy Furniture, Carpets and Linoleum at lower prices and
better terms.
No   Greater   Opportunity
for   tlie   Working   Men
BUY IN THIS STORB
REMEMBER THE
HOME
FURNITURE
STORE
416 Main Street
Phone Sey. 1297
MENTION  THB  FBDEEA-
TIOMIST tad git year 10
pw cent, dlicount.
Position of Drugless Healers
Contrary to the statements appearing; In the daily press, the drugless healers are not refusing to take
the examination provided for by.
legislation passed at the last soa-'
sion of the Legislature, because of
the fee, but as a matter of principle. They claim that they should
not be compelled to pass an examination on subjects whichr do not
enter lino their practice, and that
they should be allowed to be examined by properly qualified examiners selected from their own ranks.
Men who are duly qualified to enquire into tlio qualifications of men
following the various branches of
the art of healing without drugs,
The durglesa healers also claim
that the legislation provides for the
appointment of a chiropractor and
a drugless healei on the examining
board, and that this provision of
tho act has not beon comnlled with.
Mit weu
"A OAT LITTLE HOME"
The Nsw Musical Comedy Success
OTHBE BIO PBATBEES
Ths art of dentistry   Is
In ths blfhsst degree of or-ctonoy at
this  .itaMiatmsnt.    CU.aU will Int
tho chsrgss as pleasing aa tha ssrrlea
rendered.
Crowns, Bridf is aad FUllafl nada
tha aama shads as you nival
ttsth.
Dr. Gordon Campkl
Dental Art Establishment
Qf\C   OBANVILLB   AKEEX!
OUO Corner RotWB
Over Owl Drue: store.   Bay. HM
Expiration of Lease
Sweeping Reduction In Mot
—of—
BAGGAGE and FANCY
TRAVELLING REQUISITE*
Imperial Trunk and
Leather Ooods
838 HASTINGS ST. VEST
Between Hamilton ft Homer
Model Cafe
67 CORDOVA ST. W.
ALL WHITO HELP .
Beat of Food and Servico al
Reasonable Pricei
Union Houae
Greateit Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
u Hattlagt ittMt Wait
NOTICE
The Stettler Cigar Faotory, 140 Water Street, ia
advertising for female
help. This is now an unfair shop. Don't scab.
Stomach Trouble
Guaranteed Cure for Fits—Eiocpi
Inherited—Heart, Nona and
Stomaoh Troublea
•SI PENDER STREET BAST
Ring up Phone Seymoar MM
(or appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suite SOI Dominion
VANOOUVER, B. a
Get the
Love Habit!
Buy FOBS-TORE, STOVES,
BEDS, lta, at cost Our stock
Is Big ,and so ara our Bar-
tains. Watoh our Auction
Snaps. Furniture Bought and
Sold.
Love & Co.
AUCTIONEERS— DEALERS
Phona Seymour ITS*
S70 SEnrocR sirkbt
UNION MAN!
In that dark hour whan sympathy and best service count so
much—call up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
233 KINGS WAY, VANOOUVEK
Phon. Fairmont SS
Prompt Ambulance Barrle.
Phone Soy. SSI      Day or Night
NUNN AND THOMSON
FDNERAL DIRECTORS
531 Homer St. Vnncouver, B. C.
HARR0N BROS.
Funeral Dlrecton
and Embalmers
Funerals of Dignity at Fair
Prices
Falrrtew: Offlce and Chapal,
Hit Oranvllle Street.
Phon* Bay 1100.
North Vanoouver: Office and
Chapal, 1-2 Sixth fn. W.
Phone N. V. lit.
Mount Pleasant:   Office ud
Chapel, Slit Main St
Phont Fairmont tl.
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1110 t-sotfa Stmt
Sanday ssitIsm. 11 s.m. aat M0 p
Bandar    sohool    lmm.dlat.ly    tallow
morning serrloo.   Wednesday tsstlmoi
meeting,    I   p,m.   Tree     ^
toltoi  Btrhs  Bids.
TBLEFHOm SERVIOB ALWATS
BBUEDOa
Ths tslsphons Is ons of ths spssll
factors of everyday lite. It hssds I
barrlsr of mountain or waterway;
la unmindful ol distant.; lt epreai
Its network of communlcatlo
throughout tha provinco.
Tou like for (ranted th. aortic
ths telephone tires yoa; what solans
In construction haa created, au
whst efficiency of workers haa mala
talned; By so doing yoa of«r a Sa
tribute to th. organisation whloh ht
created thla aervice,
BBITISH  COLUMBIA  TH-MOBI
OOMPANT
BI IUBB TOT/ OBT
VAN BROS.
WH-jr tou ask roi
-CIDER-
snt Noa-aleoholle wisaa of ao
kinds
UNION   UIN'B   ATTENTION
mmmJm FRIDAY...
.'.July 1, ill!
•_HIUTl_ENTH YEAR.    NO. 25
J'riE tiKffiSH CUiiUMWA FJ-JJ-tlKATiO-NlST   Vancouver, b. c.
rAUJs -mmk
Good Looks-Good
Health-Good Teeth
—three things everybody wants—but you can't
have the first two unless you have the last.
Good teeth are a mighty important part of your
life. They meana lot to you—in your own comfort and well being—in your self-assurance and
confidence as you mingle with others.
If you haven't good teeth, let me advise you.
Feel free to consult me.
I Operate Hy Own
Laboratory
That Is tha way I am able
to give that perfect adjustment — that harmon-
. lous appearance for. whloh
my offlce ls wall known.
Dr. BRETT
ANDERSON
602 HASTINOS ST. W.
.Corner Seymonr
PHONE SEYMOOR S3S1
Offlce Open Tuesday and Friday
Evenings
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
Letter from the Orient
B.  BRETT  ANDERSON,   formerly member of tht TttMlty •< thl
Colkg* ef Deiitiitrr, UnWeialtj at Bwth*m Callfml* Ltetint
oh Grown and BrId|«wDtk, Dtmonitrator in Plattwork and Op«r*
tir* Dentistry, Looal and General AnaeathceU.
D
EVERY READER OAN HELP
Every reader of Tho Federatlonist can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions aa toon at they ara due, and
and by Inducing another worker to
subscribe.   It doea not take much
effort to do this.   Try It.
Ona dollar and fifty centa Is tha
cost (sr a alx months subscription
to tha Federatlonist
"Left Wing"
Communism
An Infantile Disorder
(By Nikolai Lenin)
NOW ON SALE BT THE B. 0. FEDERATIONIST
Price: Single Copies 25c
Ten or more copies at the rate of 20o per oopy. postage
paid.  Oet your orders in quick, as there will not
be a second edition.
Iti Sweety Tears wa San Issued thla uataa stsmp far sat aater ear
VOLUNTARY  ARBITRATION CONTRACT
on stamp omnia:
Peaceful Oellectt.a Bartalwlsg
rer-iie Batk Strlkas aat Let-testa
Diapatee SatUet hy Arbttrettaa
steady BupktfBeat aat Skffltt Wetkmanskl,
Prompt Dattvarlts to Dealers asd PnhUe
Peace aat Sasaaaa ta Worsen aat nanisms
Piosparttj af Skat MaMag Oisssssllln
Aa loyal aaloa ana aat weans, wa aat
lta ta taavaat sheas Marias tkt asm
Ualea stamp aa Sale, lassie as Using.
ROOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
StS SUMMER STREET, BOSTON, MASS.
Collie Lovely, Oaaaial Prssl-sel.    Charlea L. Balaa, Oaaersl Sae.-1'rau,
Freih Ont nowtrs, Puneral Design-, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plaott
Ornamental and Shade Tn^s, Seeds, Bolbi, riorlstt' Bundiltt
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
■ FLORISTB AHD KUiaBBTUEN
i   BTOHEB   S
tt Battings Street East 728 OranviUe Stntt
Seymour SSaXm leymoB NM
naion kasi
The M.T.I Loggers' Boot
Hall altera personally attealat te
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and An Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successor- to H. TOS A SON
SS CORDOVA STREET WEST, VANCOUVER, B. O.
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Phon. Seymonr SSS Repairs Don. While Ton Watt
Easy Shaving
Gillette or Auto Strop Safety Razors make the daily
Shave easier.
Wc have a splendid line of both makes in many designs,
priced from $5.00 to $7.50 each,
TISDALLS LIMITED
Tbo Complete Sporting Goods Store
S1S HASTINGS ST. W. PHONE SEYMOUR 81SI
NOW ON SALE AT ALL QOVEENMENT VENDOR*
STORES IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
"The Itaer Without a Peer"
This is the same quality Beer as we brewed in pre-war
days, and is the finest Beer on thc market todny.
INSIST ON HAVING
CASCADE BEER
Vancouver Breweries .Limited
fuslat in instilling a little "pep" Ift
the weak-kneed ones, so it is up icr
some live ones to try to horn in. ?fl
DEL. 18.( a
. In addition to the above report^
several campa have been heard,
from during the past week, among
them being Camps A and B, Kwat-
na and Otlroy * McKay's at Port
Alberni. Regular meetinga are b*>
lng held in many of the camps, buy
the most noteworthy feature of the
past week hM been the shutting
down of all camps at Quatalno.
There are rumors prevalent that
other camps are shutting down,
with the object of reducing wagea
ORGANIZER'S REPORTS
Held a meeting at Stag Bay, Pox
tk Hunter's camp. The boys were
all in favor of the union, but I failed to get any one to act ae delegate,' and nobody could pay dues,
a* they were broke. I succeeded,
however, ln selling about $6 worth
of literature.
On June 18, started for the camps
on Cortex Island, but found that
they were all closed down. I then
went to Campbell's camp, and met
one of the central executivo members, collected 96 dues and Bold
$10 worth of Utertaure.
On June 19, visited Camp C.
Crawford Anchorage, collected $165
dues, sold some literature, and ap-1 again  and  inaugurating a  longer
pointed a delegate. Arrived at
Rock Bay on June 20, slipped by
the superintendent, and made
Camp H; held a meeting, collected
$66 dues, and sold some literature,
and elected a delegate. After the
meeting waa over, the foreman called the delegate Into tho ofllce and
told him to either give up any idea
of acting aa delegate or givo up hia
(?) job. So he had to give up the
job aa delegato; and I got orders to
get oft the earth, but yours truly,
being Irish, refused to go, as I informed them that I waa on government property.
On June 21 I went to Camp D,
but tho old auper. camo on the
scene with sparks flying from hfs
bald head, and ordered mo to move
my boat from their wharf, and of
course I had to do so, and M there*
la no safo anchorage thoro, I will
have to pull out without taking ln
the other two oamps. X am going*
north tomorrow to Hardwick Island.
M. J. K.
Address: High Seas.
Left Vancouver Juno 16, and
tried to hold a meeting at Dollar
Camp at Union Bay on tho 17th,
but tho bunch were apathetic; some
pleaded poverty, othera said,
"what's tho use?" On Sunday took
in Camps 1, 2 and 8, Comox Logging Company, and held a meeting
in Camp 8, but was unablo to get
a delegate elected. Arrived at the
I. T. camp on Tuesday, and held a
meeting, but as the camp was reported to be closing down shortly,
no one would consent to act r3 delegate.
Took in the boom camp at Courtenay and held a meeting. There
la a livo delegate in thia camp.
Went to tho B. S. & W. oamp at
Union Bay, but the bunch were ao
apathetic that lt waa impossible to
hold a meeting. The condltlona in
the campa are deplorable. The majority of the men are receiving such
low wages that they aro virtually
alaves. There la a combination of
fear and apathy that ia hard to
beat, but there ls very Uttle opposition to tho organization abown by
the men, and a few good livo union
men in these camps would greatly
Slater9-
QUALITY
SERVICE
FREE
DELIVERY
Fresh Meat Dept.
Quality   Pot   Routs,    aotfalnff    finer,
lb.,   from   __________ 8c
Quality    Ona    Roasts,     nothing
finer, per lb., from .......18 1-2C
Quality Boiling Beef, per lb 8o
Rolled Roasts—Slater's famous prime
steer boneleii Rolled Routs, extra
prime quality, per lb. ._. _.  -20c
FRESH K__ELED LOOAL LAMB
Local Limb 8tew, per lb......—IRo
Local Lamb Shoulders, lb. 18 l-2o
Local Lamb Loini; per lb  26c
Local Limb Legs, per lb 82 1-Sc
All Oovernment Inspected.
Provision Dept.
Slater's Famous Streaky Baoon,
half or whole slabs, ezoellcnt
quality, per lb -_-.__._8S l-2o
Slater's Sliced Streaky Baeon, lb. 36c
Slater's Siloed Streaky Bacon, lb...40c
Slater's Sliced Streaky Baooa, lb...46c
BUTTEB—BUTTEB—BUTTER
From 7 a.m. to 10 a.m. oa Saturday morning we will aell onr
FAMOUS ALBERTA CREAMERY BUTTER at 8 lbs. for..9l0
Slater's Famous Picnic Hams, ex*
cellent quality, lb. ._-_.__.23  l-2o
TEA SPECIAL
1 lb. of Nabob Tea at   60s
1 Jelly Powder Free
B. 0. Sugar, per lb.  10c
Empress New Strawberry Jam,  4-lb.
Una for  „._ $1.00
Strawberry   and   Apple   Jam,   large
tins for  -   86c
Snowflaks Pastry  Flour M„._. 56c
Fine Salmon, 4 for .
..   25c
Finest Marmalade, No, 2 tins 4fio
Nabob Sockeye Salmon, Mb. tins..46c
Nabob Sookeye Salmon, half-lb 28c
Slater's
Four Big Stores
133 Hastings (Hsat OOca) Sa,. 3262
830 Orenvllle Street ae,. IM
3200 Mala Street ralr. 1613
West Bnt Market  (Oer. Davie aad
Oranrille) Be,. IM
day. As proof of thare being contemplated redactions of wages, men
havt been hired to work for $2.80
per day.
Tht attempt to bring about a
working agreement with tht I. W.
W. has so far failed to meet with
the approval of Local 120, I. W.
W„ Seattle, but Inasmuch aa tht
general offlce of the L. v.. I.V. el
O. art ln constant communication
with the general offlce of the I. W.
W. with reference to the holding et
a unity oonferenot of all progressive working class organization,
hopes are entertained for the establishment of harmonious relations in the very near future,
EDISON, CALIFORNIA
The wages in California la tha
woods are as follows:
Hook tenders  ||.10
Donkey puncher*  „ 4.05
to __..... __
Chokermen	
Rigging slinger head...
Fallers 	
to 	
Ml
6.40
6.60
6.-0
6.00
Whistle punks  „  S.20
High riggers ..._.__  6.10
Tht board is good at BI Portal,
but mighty poor at Tuolumme, Cal.
Conditions are not anywhere near
as good as they art In British Columbia.   x
At BI Portal tt it mostly all contraot work, and the pay for contract-work lt as follows:
Wood* outters, $1.50 per cord;
fallers, 27c per thousand; buckers,
84e per thousand; limbers, 13c per
thousand.
And lt ls all rocky ground,
straight up and down, and hanging
over; but this country ia not organised. All the camps I visited
wtre well organised with bed bugs
and badly ventilated houses. In
fact, I did not see any of the cabins
with ventilators. None seem to be
needed, for the scum that inhabits
them. California it filled with
men. ltt
 -_-«        ,«I
Camp 17, Ocean Falls.    I
Camp meeting called to order at
7 p.m. June 21st N. Hayes elected to the chair. A. Bryant was
elected secretary. The minutes of
the previous meeting were adopted
as read. It was moved that a delogate be elected, R. Pollard being the only nominee, he' was .declared elected by acclamation,' It
was moved that duea he paid direct to the O. B. U. The motion
was adopted.
It waa moved that a collection
be taken up for the Federatlonist;
this was adopted, as was a further
motion to leave the list open for
further donations.
It was moved that another
meeting be held on Sunday, July
3rd. Thla waa adopted, as was a
motion that the minutes bt pub
lished in the Federatlonist,
A. Bryant, Recording Secretary
N. Hayes, Chairman,
Evangelism and the
His  of  Society
(Continued from page 1)
place ln nature, and ln the preaent
social order.
That hypnotism cannot, however,
soothe the pain ln a hungry stomaoh. It does not feed the hypnotized. Tho saving of souls ln order
to secure a reserved seat upstairs,
provides a meal ticket here below
for no one except the professional
saviours. After it Is all over, after
the laat penitent has traversed the
sawdust trail, humanity la still
faced wtth the problem of preserving itself.
To do this it must eat and produce the wherewithal to eat. This
ls a Question of economics. A
question that confronted humankind long before lt created for itself a dlety.
The great mass of humanity,
those for whom religion is kept
alive, oan only eat when they have
a Job—in other words, are able to
sell their labor-power—their mental and physical energy. In the
use of that labor-power value, are
produced, values greater than that
of the energy expended, greater
than the purchasing power of the
wages received. A surplus is produced, a surplus which accrues to
the owner of the Job. Theae surpluses are produced wherever
workers are employed. They accumulate, despite the efforts of the
employing class to dispose of them.
They cannot afford to put money
Into the production of thli-gs
which cannot be sold, so industry
becomes depressed—the worker Ik
out of a Job, ia hungry, cannot pay
the rent, tht kids need clothes, the
mother needs the doctor, you need
a Job—and the evangelist comes ty
town :ind gives you dope.
It itt not by stargazing or OuiJ.
boards, or soul-saving meetings,
that security of living will be obtained for the great mass of human
society. It Is by realizing that we
starve ln the midst of plenty, not
because of any original sin, but because wo aro slaves to those who
session of tha means of wealth production. The salvation of mankind will not take placo because of
a visitation from above, but bo-
cause the need of preserving its
existence will compel the working-
class to move onward—take possession of th omoans of wealth production, and make itself master of
Its livelihood. How? By the organized power of the working class-
conscious of Its objective, political
power, conquering the powers of
State, raising Itself to the position
of the ruling class and using its
powers for the abolition of those
conditions whloh mako slavery possible. That taak has to ba done.
Tt will bo done. Evangolists, Christian Socialists and British Empire
Leaguera notwithstanding.
-VE.
(By Ellis Torke)
(Federated Press Staff Writer)
PEKIN, May 4.—The recont formation of the Chinese Charter-
,ed Corporation—* British enterprise with vast ramifications—
has aroused discussion on a subject
that haa always been latent in thc
councils of European Labor. Tht
industrious, low-priced, -over-work-
ed; docile, rlce-eatlng Chinese
workmen now constitutes the latest phase of the "Yellow Peril,"
with which cry wt have long been
accustomed, though In a different
conneotlon. Capital Is diverting Its
energies to the Far Bast, where
natural resource, art illimitable
and Labor has no voice. Rlchta
can ba accumulated by the sweat of
that human beast ot burden, John
Chinaman, one of whose tasks in
the interior of hit country ls to
transport on hit baok burdens ot
product that would appal tht laborer ot any other country. Hit
docility it proverbial.
Ont of tht stor let of the Revolu-
tion of 1111 (whloh- gave China bar
republic), relatet to tht unruffled
demeanor of tht farm workers, who
calmly pursued thtlr labors ln tht
fli-lds between two armies who
were bluing away at tach othtr
with all the artillery at their disposal! When a foreigner asked one
of tht peasants (whan the battle
waa over, cf oourat) why he disregarded tht fighting, he serenely replied: "No blongee my pidgin." (It
had nothing to do with me.)
When an Idea beoomes embeddad
In tha consciousness of people who
are thousands of miles away from
the opportunity of peraonal investigation, lt la difficult to remove lt,
The Chinese workman, like his western confrere, it not averse to a
display of Independence; ln othtr
words, ht ia beginning to move with
the times and to prepare to throw
off tht shackles of an aga-long subjection.
The tvt of May Day produced a
profusion ot pamphlets atlrrlng up
the workera to demonstrate on I__-
bor Day, and the government issued proclamations announcing that
rewards would be given for information leading to the arrest of any
person found circulating them.
The right of organisation It also
denied—"tha meq art not yet ripe
for trade unions"—and every effort
is being madt to stamp out incipient unionism. Although no demon-
stratlons llks thon ln Japan greeted May Day, albeit many seoret
meetings were held, the spirit Is not
lacking, and Buropean Labor
should rejoice that tho seed Is being sown to such good purpose ln
the Orient. The Labor agitation It
concentrated ln Shanghai and on
the railways.
The exploitation of China't
woalth brings ln itt train the industrialism, as lt wert, of the Chinese workman, and tha greatest
force to make him conscious, Ironically enough, ls the development of
his country along modern lines.
The meohanlcal era was the breeding ground for modem trade unionism, and the Chines* will not bt
left stagnant when hla peaceful
countryside Is whipped Into new
life, and himself harnessed to the
task of making the wheels go
round.
There are other factors also that
aro contributing "to the revolution
in the outlook of th* Chineso workman. In addition to the tnftuono*
of th* coolies who havt returned to
their homesteads after serving with
tho armies In Franb*. there ls no
lack of intelligent leadership,
mainly drawn from the student
ranks. Here ls a translation of a
typical "call to arms" which recontly "appeared In a Shanghai
newspaper: "Students, merchants,
newspapermen, awakening broth-
ers! The first of May ls at handl
Domand the establishment of an
olsht-honr day. Laborers are in an
awfully bad condition. The condition of Labor in som* places ia unbearable. We know that the workmon of civilized nations who have
achieved success also formerly underwent hardships. W* are now
awakening. We must awaken to
holp ourselves. We must have eight
hours' work, eight hours rest, and
eight hours of recreation. We must
struggle to obtain this. All students, merchants, newspapermen,
and awakening brothera and sister,
support us in our struggle for this
groat purpose! Hasten to awaken!1'
This notice wns signed by an "Initial group of workmen," and la evidently the result of the collaboration of American-educated students.
What of the evidences of the
changed relationship botweon employer and Chines* workman?
Years and yeara ago when our
civilization was vary dim, the Chinese realized the futility of Individual action In Industry, and small
groupa of workers banded together
under a headman, with whom the
employer made all arrangements
for labor. Thus to China belongs
the honor of being th* first country
to hav* labor guilds. Modern trade
unions were in being bofore the
rovolution, and have since been
merged Into organizations known
as Progressive National Labor
Union and Chines* Returned Labor
Union. Th* objects ot these associations are educational and economic.
Of late years Chineso students
-have used the strike weapon for
political purposes, and their example has been emulated throughout
the country by th* workmen In
connection with wage demands.
The Hongkong strike In 1920 withdrew the Labor of 6000 employees
in the rice and sugar refining factories, whilo men engaged on public works walked out after being
refused a uniform wage increase of
40 per cent. Industries woro paralyzed till substantial advances were
conceded. Latterly the price of
rlco, which has increased 90 por
cent, ln the last two years, hns added fuel to this "divine discontent,"
and strikes have boen the vogue.
Even tho "boys" (servants)—who
are generally so slavish in ministering to thc slightost whim ot their
"Chu Jon" } masters)—are cntcblng
the spirit.
A movemont ta on foot, and is
described as "A Sinister Move" by
a foreign newspaper in China, to
amalgamate all domestic Borvunta
Into a trado union, In tho capital
tho teachers at the unlvorslly, at
which Uertrand Russell ls now a
professor, are on striko. not for an
increase in pay, but for the pay Itself. The finanoial atrlngehey of the
government 1, tuch that Itt public
servant, art expected to liv* on
air. The professors hav* been
without money for about four
.months, and they have now kicked.
Professorial dignity haa not survived the dispute, either, and some
hot encounters have been witnessed at th* ministry of education,
In the metropolitan area, too, the
carpenters and masons have Just
been conceded a demand of four
coppers a day (about on* cant),
which makaa the daily .rat* nearly
a quarter, whil* Shanghai haa recently weathered a street car strike,
It is a strange argument to hear
It aald that the Chines* workman
will always undtrbld the westerner
by reason o{ hit cheap living. Tou
might as well go back to th* forties
and reckon th* dlst that prevailed
among tho working clan** than as
th* atandard dltt. What relation
did it bear to th* diet of tko employing clau? And what relation
doaa tb* coolie diet bear to th*
mandarin ditt? That la th* quution. A proper Chinea* mail In-
oludaa fish, chicken, atew*d meat,
rlc*, omalatt* and othor ingredients
in on* court*, and It It u tipen-
alv* for tht tick Chinese to feed
himself u It la tor an European ln
a Uk* position. Thla appliu alao
to clothing. Therefore, th* chines* cooll* wtll Improve th*
condltlona undtr which h* livu ln
proportion to his economlo better-
mtnt.
I think tht Chines* themselves
will eventually solve th* "Yellow
Peril." But thty want th* benevolence ot western Labor towarda
aspirations which are now becoming articulate, though it la quite
evident that th* conscious must
proteot themselves during th* transition process. There Is a growing
realization of tho relative position
ot Labor which ls bringing with It
a demand for better working conditions and a higher atandard of life
May not tho new movement allay
th* suspicions cf thost who fear
economic competition? Labor
must be International.
Will Gire All Desiring to
Enter the Fullest
Information
(Br tht Federated Praaa)
New Tork—Tha manner la whloh
tho Ruaalan government la reg«■
latins re-em Igratlon to Ruaela from
the United Statea, and lta polloy aa
to persona who are to be admitted,
la aet forth In a detailed communication to the Society of Teohnlcal
Aid to Soviet Ruaala, 240 Beat 13rd
atreet. New Tork city, front tho
Feople'a Commlaaarlat of Labor ln
Moacow. Thla communication,
liven to the Federated Preaa by
the aoclety, makea it plain that the
Ruaalan Republic haa worked out a
plan—the flrat ever put Into operation by any nation—to regulate
emigration on a baala of practical
efficiency, bated on tht needa of
the country, aa oppoaed tb tho haphazard methoda of nil tht othtr natlona in admitting newcomtrt from
other landa.
Rusaia Invites all Ruaalaaa In
othor countrlta who art workera
to return and assist ln tht great
production movoment now being
organized there. But tt desires
and rcqulrea that such persona
ahall actually be productive work-
era, skilled If possiblo.
Instead of the long-established
practice by whloh Immigrants
have been brought to Amelcra—by
roseate promises of steamship and
Industrial agents—Russia ept-'le-
ally directa that ro-emlgrating
workers bt fully Informed of the
conditions, tht difficulties and
hardships they may encounter, and
tho exact status of Russian workers.
A special bureau la to bt organized, tht communication tays,
with tht following functions:
"1. To regulate tht rt-tmigra-
tton movement
"2. To organist ln America, tht
workers who wish to return to
Russia ln induatrlal groupa for com.
plete enterprises or special crafts
In Russia.
"i. To seleot Individual workera
and technical paraonntl moat needed or specially qualified for tram
portation to Russia.
"4. To inform tht rt-emlgrat
Ing workera of tht prevailing economic condltlona and tht atatua of
tht workera In Rusaia,
"6. To organize - examination
boards of experts to ascertain the
professional aklll of tht rt-tmt-
grating workers, and supervise tho
work of auch boarda.
"6, To organise courses, etc., and
to prepart tht workera who Intend
to return to Russia,
"7. To help tho re-emlgratfng
groups acquire the neoeaaary tools
and equipment for shops.
"8. The organization of thtlr departure."
"In view of the above stated all
applications from organized pro
duefng units for admission into
Russia must hava a preliminary
understanding with ua," says the
communication.
"If you have at your disposal
at presont, applications in tht following occupations, such groups
may be utilized for our automobile
factory In Moscow, which ls almost entirely operated by re-eml-
grants:
"Mechanical engineers, 5; engineering chemists, 2; engineer draftsmen, 5; tool makers, 60; pattern
makers, 10; moulders, 20; blacksmiths, 30; bench hands, 60; lathe
hands, 200; milling machine men,
16; draftsmen, 30; planer hands,
20; rough bench hands, 6; grinders, 20; lathe hands, 76; dye makers, 50; hardeners, 10; acetylene
men, 10; mounters on oil and gas
engines, 10; radiator men, 10; carburetor men, 10; electricians, 60;
spring mon, ' 16; carponters and
cabinet makers, 50; wheelwrights,
60; automobile painters, 20; chauffeurs, 10; machino shop foremen,
6; oilers, 10; flremun, 12; bookkeepers, 5,"
t
Paris Special
LOGGERS .,y'
CRUISERS
PROSPECTORS
i THINK THIS OVXB t1
Which boot it the cheapest—one thtt does not keep ont
water, will not hold caulks, does not keep its shape, or t
pair of Paris Brand, that tre made from the tary baft
material-, ent to flt every foot, guaranteed to hold oanlks,
with specially reinforced shank and hart to prerent turning over?  There is no question about tt
SEED FOE ILLTOTEATED CATALOGUE    .
SHOES MADE TO MEA-TOBE.
No matter what your foot troublt I ean eorreet i\ with
boots that fit, any style, whether fint or heavy. Come in
or write.  PIEST-CLAS8 REPAIRING.
Pierre Paris
51 HASTINGS WEST
Sydney, N. B. W.—Tha Haw
South Wale! Labor part, ba* «*-
mandsd that tarn at th* unlv*r-
altiii*" be abollehed. Th* part,
claim, that education la th* rig ht
of all, and no station of th* community haa priority over anoth*r
becauaa of th* ability to pay tor
hither education. With fees at th*
unlTaraltlea, It It claimed that th*
highest education la th* land Is be-
yond the reaoh of membera of th*
working-class and that aa' an enlightened demooraoy Is th* paramount need, *T*ry child should
hav* equal opportunltlea.
views with tht Viceroy, stated at
a publie matting here that tht Vic*.
roy, gan him a long, patient and kind hearing. R«
Would tay nothing of lta affect accept that BO power could check tht
attainment of Swaraj (self-government) thl, year to loaf as tkt
country exhibited a ipirlt of Justin,
non-vloltno* and aacrlflo*. Latitat
Bal declared that no Oaadhl-R*ad>
ing comprsmltt wonld bs acceptable unless twaraj -war* eoaeeded.
Tha country would not follow evaa
Gandhi If a* abandoned ltd* prls-
elple.
MUSSOREH, India. — Oandhl,
leader of th* Indian Britlah boycott
movement, who kas had two inter-
Vanconrer Unloni
VAKOODVIB TRADIB AMD LABOI
OOU-tOIL—PreeMeat, B. W. Halieyi
aeerotarr, i. O. SaUtk. Hsata trt Wed-
-seder sash asoatk la tke Pender Kali,
eotaar el Peadsr eat Howe atresia.
Phoae ley. ttl.
ai__«D   MUKT1
IMTlka
ttteai
sll—Heeta   oeessl    Hondo,    la
oeoalk.   Praslasat, 1. t. HeCaaeUn
a, H. Meeloade, P. O. Baa tt.
 OOBT
Hondo,   la   Ike
nti
BRI'
lery, t,
sour
TIRS AMD MASONS—If yea
iller
aeed brleklarsra ar ausons far bal	
worka,   ste*   as  aaarkle  setters,   pkeae
Brloklarere' TJnioa, Leber Temple.	
OEtrauL wo-.KMur Hftf or Wl
O. B. U.—Prealtest, I. Aatra; stents-,. W. S.r.lee. Maata tat aad atk
Woeassdar la eaeh asoatk la Peader Hall,
car. ef Peader and Howe atreeta. Pkoae
Bey,  ttl.
fcWTIL   iKD   UlTAbaAir.    _«•
ployees, Loeal Ss—HeeU aver, eeaeal
Ws-aeesay la tke ataalk at 9:10 pja.
aad every fourtk Wadaeatey la tke asoatk
at 1:10 p-si. Prealdeat, Jeka Canua-ais.
eeerot.», and buslaasa atsnt, A. Oraham.
OHoe aad meeting aal], ttl Sermonr Bt.
H. Phone Be,. Ull. Ola* hoare, t
- -   le t    -
IKTIHHATIO-IA-, LOMOBEOBEl-IN'-
Aeeoelallon, Loesl lata—Olea aal
haa IM Oordova 84. W. HeeU Irat
and third rridava, I p.m. Seeretary-
trsaaarer, T. Klaoa; bnsiness ageat, P.
Slnelalr.
INTZRNATIOXAL JIWELRT WORK-
are' Cnlon—Hoeta tad and atk Haa-
days. President, J. I. Dewaon, ltd! Tew
BI, Kitsllano: aeeretary, I. T. Kolly,
UBO Haatings St. B.; reeordlng Morolary,
L. Holdsworth, ttt—lttk SI. W., North
Vaneonver.
LUMBER WO-KBB1 iNDUSTRIAl,
UNION OP CANADA—An lades-
trial aaloa of all workere la lar
(lag aad -.nstrnetlaa eompa. Coast District aad Qsasral Haedaaarters, tl Cordova Bt. WT, Vaneoaver. B. 0. Phoae Sky.
7181. J. H. Clarke, general feerelary-
troeenror: legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Maedonald A Co., Vaneonver, B. Cj aedl-
ton, Hessrt. Batter A Chiene, Vaaeoa-
vor, B. 0.
MOVING PICTCBB MACHINE OPERATORS UNION, LOCAL 819. I.A.T.S.B
—Aflllattd with Tradaa and Lsbor Condi and Theatrical Federation, Vaneonver.
Preeldent, J. R. Footer; eecretarr and
treunrer, T. W. Sepatod. Office and meeting room, 110 Londea Building, Peader
St. W. Regular auetiag niiht, Irat
Snnday la each month at 7:80 p.ra. Bui*
noee Agoat, W. Woolrldge. Phoae Fraaor
8S7L.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF
NORTH AMERICA (Vsncouvsr and
Vleinlty)— Brenoh moota let and Ird
Mondaya, 111 Poador St. W. Preeldent,
O. Hera, Central Park P. O., South Vancouver; Inanelal aeereter,, E. A. Ood-
derd, lit Rf chorda St.; Recording Been-
tary, J. L. lrvlae, OiO— lath SI. W,
North  Vancouver.
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTKRS, DEOO-
rators and Peperhaagsrs of Amorica,
Looal 181, Vaneonver—Meele Snd and
dth Theredeyo al 111 Cardora St. W.
Phoae Sey Sttl. Buslaeee stent, R. A.
Barker.	
O. B. O. UNIT PILE DRIVERS. WOOD,
en Bridgemen, Deniekmen and Rlggere
ot Vsneourer snd vMnltr, Meets svsr,
Monday, I p.m., la O. S. C. Hall. IM
Pender SI. W. Preeldent, A. Brooke;
Snenela) ecerntar, and baelnrss sgsnt, W.
Tueher.   Phone,  Boymonr 291,
STREET AND ELECTRIO RAILWAY
Emploreee, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meete A. O. P. Hall, Mount Plsasani
1st and Srd Mondaya at 10.18 s.m. and /
p.m. Prssldsnt, F. A. Hoover, 2401 Clarke
Drive; rocording-Bocrota-y, F. E. OrlBn.
447—lth Avenue Eaat; treaeurer, B. B.
Cleveland; flnanelal-aeerotar, and bueineee apnt, W. H. Cottrell, 4801 Due.
frlee Street; office eorner Prior and Mala
StB.   Phons Fair 8t04R.       	
Hand your neighbor thla copy of
The Foderatlonlat, ind then nail
around next dav for a' subacrlntlon.
TTPOORAPIIICAL UNION No. 280—
Meets lsst Sundny ot each montk at
3 p.m. Presldsnt, C. H. Collier; vice-
preeldent, E. H. Ooagh; eecretary
treaeurer, R. H. Neeleude, Box 66.
THE NEW WESTMINSTER BRANOH
of the O. B. U. meata aa the flrat aat
third Wsdnesday et every month. AU
memberB ia tbis district are Invited to
ettend.
WORKERS' COUNCIL, VANCOUVER
B. C, meete every Thurmlsy evening
at I p.m. In tbe O. B. U. Hall. 804 Pender Bt. W. Becrotary, B. Horsburgh, Pen<
der Hall.
J6l)hNK_-IEN I'AILOK-- U.-llON Ol
America, Local No. 178—Hastings bsld
first Monday in escb montb, 8 p.m. Preeldent, A. R. Ostsnby; vlco-prcsident, D.
Lawson: according sserstary, O. Mo-
Donald, P. O. Boa 101; financial sserstary, T, Tsmplstea, P. O. Una 801.
Provincial Unions
VIOTOBIA. B. 0.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES
and Labor Conncil—MeeU Irst aal
third Wedneedaya, Snlghta at Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at I p.m. Presl-
dent, 0. Siverts; vice-president, R. Elliott: eecrotary-treaeurer, E. B. Woodward, 1". O. Boi 801, Victoria, B, O.
PRINOE 1DPEET. B, O.       	
PRINCE   RUPERT   CENTRAL LABOB
Oouncll, 0. B. U.    Branohet: Prlnee
Rupert Dlstriot FUherlee Botrd, O.B.C.;
Mstalllferoue    Min.ro'    District Board,
O.B.U. ' Secroary-troaaurer,   P. O.   Baa
217. Prince Hupert.
_2_
We make Ladles' Oarmentt
Eight Here In Vanoouver
—th* equal In styls aad asnart-
nesa of aay offered ta Oaaada.
Salts,   Urease!,   Oatla
later! striae—tbt        "   '
ta tkt saw aha
ftr yea, ekeoaiag.
We tier tkete ,armaata lawar thea
sum-ease aU the mlddlesMS'a ecetee.
Famous
Olotk * Salt Oo.
ui mtinww si.. Msss Baasvae
WHEN Uf TOWN HOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
tan OORDOVA
Uvearytliloi Hnd—
"IXU-OW-WORKW
O. J. Mengel
Writes all rlasssa ef Instr-
aoos. Representing oaly first-
class Board companies. If la-
sursnos ls wanted, writs or
phone Boy. IIH.
Offlos address, TM Board of
Trad* Bldg., Vanooavsr, B.O.
COAL
YALE SOOTLE8S
AND
NANAIMO
Kindling Tm
OaUtADUN WOOD AND
ooal ooHP-unr
11-0 ORANVIUJE Ity. UM
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Good Plaoe to Eat"
HASTINGS AND COUJMBIA ITI
Mainland
Cigar Store
Ut OAHItA-.Ii «IREBI
THI PLAOE FOE PIHS
KIRK'S
Guaranteed Coal
Means—
Ii onr coal is not satisfactory to you, after yoa
have thoroughly tried It
out, we will remote what
coal is left and charge yon
nothing for what yon hare
used.
Ton to be the tele Judge.
Kirk & Co.
LIMITED
929 Main Stnet
Phont, Beymour IMS aad IN PAGE FOUR
_--.nrfEi_-._H _n___ no. 25   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. e.
FBIDAT „■■■■; July 1, _-Mr
P
CLAMAN'S STORE NEWS
Boys' Department—Seconal Floor
SUITS-Tailored With
a Gentlemanly Air
CIjOSBIiV PRICED AT
$39.50
tVgS-tftie Suits, with the fine, pure »™oI ftioncs yon
expect in fine olothes. Perfection of ftt, gentlemanly
atyle, with shape-retaining quality built-in by faultless
tailoring. These are the things you look for and find here.
Single and double-breasted models are shown—for men
and young men. Smart tweeds, soft worsteds, fine serges
•—the new weaves and favored Summer shades. Claman's
guarantee of "Satisfaction or Honey Back'' stands baok
of them, and there are all sizes.
THB HOME OF
Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Claman's
LIMITED
153 Hastings Street West
CowritM 1M1 Hart Schauta ft Mais
Canada's Largest Exclusive
Store for Men and Boys
SOCIALIST MI
Polish  Paper   Publishes
False Reports About
Soviet Russia
Warsaw, June 6th. "Routa
!Wien."—It Is notorious that some
cf the so-called Socialist parties
tnd their press have become more
violent opponents of Soviet Russia than the really interested re
act ton ar lea. They often commit
Just as grave mistakes (rom a
Journalistic point of view as the
Helsingfors Liars. Suoh a case
bas Just happened ln Poland. "Rob-
. ©tnlk," the central organ of the
Socialist Party., recently published
ft long report over the situation in
Soviet White Russia. .In this report lt said that agriculture was
dead and that education especially
that of the Poles was absolutely
neglected. Quite Independently of
this article and probably ln ignorance of the fact that lt had been
written, Wasilevskl, a former mln
liter In the cabinet of Moraczevski
and a reactionary who is at present chairman of the Boundary
Commission gave "Robotnlk" i
knock-out ln the course of an article of his which appeared in the
"Narod" otl the following day. He
Writes: ^Fhe population want
peace. They are working Intensively. From the frontier right up
to Minsk I saw fields sown with
treat care. One can also see lurge
herds of cattle. The peasants who
•re supported by the Bolshevists
In every way are working feverish
ly. Also, ln the name of fair play
I must confess that the' Polish elementary schools are functioning ln
the most Irreproachable manner."
It ls seldon that the lie is so
Suddenly and automatically denied
as has been the case hero, if the
"Robotnlk" had known thnt the
article of Wasilevskl was being
written they would have ln all
probability manufactured some
ether He. Helsingfors Is the slander central of those who wish to
•rush the revolution In Russia;
"Robotnlk" Is one of those groups
Who wish to use the revolutionary
spirit of the world for the placing
•f themselves upon the throne of
the displaced bureaucrats. Their
attitude of mind is that of the patronage politician of the North
American continent.
GREEN BAT, Wis.—Striking
paper mill wn kers here refuse to
yscede from their position by
accepting the nine-hour day and
the H 2-3 cents wage reduction
altered by the employers.
If you want some sample copies
•f thisfpaper for your neighbors,
eall around to the ofllce and get
them.
New National Hotel
SOO Outside Rooms
Special Rates by the Week
Ph.  Sey.  7030—1221   OranviUe
One of Greatest Events
in Human History
(Continued from page 1)
ever undertaken by  any  working
class on the face of the globe.
For American trade unionists it Js
no new thing to see worklng-claBS
movements misrepresented and
vilified by the kept press and other
hangers-on of the exploiters. In
fact, practically our entire machinery for giving expression to- so-
called public opinion and for bringing the news to the people has degenerated Into a propaganda
agency of organized Big Business,
with the chief goal ln view to discredit and destroy labor organization of every kind. But all our experience with the hired liars of
America is as nothing compared
with the experience of the Russian
workers. Their vast movement Is
of Incomparably greater volume
and moment than ours; lt threat-
j*ens the very existence of the capitalists of the whole world. Consequently it has aroused a tremendous opposition. Universally the
social parasites, desperately alarm
ed, have called to their service the
entire body of united liars and de-
farmers and vlliflers of every country. Every device known to man
has been exhausted to convince tho
world, and before al] the working
class, that the tolling Ruj-Sluiia and
their leaders are monsters ln human form and that their revolution
Is subversive of all that Is good in
social life.
The worst of lt ls that groat
armies of- workers ln outside countries have been duped by these do-
liberate fabrications. Again I iny
that this is particularly true of the
United States. In every other coun
try at least the organized sections
of the workers have been able to
rise above the-' employers' propaganda and to understand the situation so that they have been led to
pledge their moral support to the
Russian workers In their gigantic
fight for liberty. But not so with
us; our trade union movement
alone Is openly hostile to the Russian revolution, and to its sad discredit has Joined hands with the
dark forces of Imperialistic Capitalism that are seeking to destroy
it. We haveswallowed the employers' propaganda, hook, line and
sinker. Our conceptions ' of the
Russian situation are on a par with
those of the New York "Times" and
have been drawn from the same
sources.
We have not taken the trouble
to examine the situation for ourselves. Ours ls the only Important
labor movement in the world that
has not sent a commission to
Russia to flnd out for ourselves
what is really going on in the revolution. This Is a pitiable condition. It Is a disgrace, and It ls high
time that we wiped U out and got
into tune with the organized workers throughout tho world by extending to the Russians our heart!-
sympathy and support In their
hard atruggle.
GET A NEW SUBSCRIBER
The greatest assistance that tbo
readers of The Federatlonist can
render us nt tills time, is by securing a new subscriber. By doing bo,
you spread the news of the working class movement and assist us
v
V
Men's Suits
Keenly Reduced
$17.50      $22:so
$24.50       $29.50
C. D. Bruce
'*if* ,.<_:,.$,■, Limited.
CORNER HOMER AND HASTINGS STS.
PLAY pjutr
Conditions Force Them to
Take Up Active
Work
"Pravda" reports: Up till a very
short time ago the.Tartar women
lived quite secluded In their-har-
ems and appeared on the streets
with veiled faces, They had no
share in public life and in their
intellectual development they
were quite backward. The conditions created by the imperialistic
war forced them to leave their
homes and to go into the work
shops.
The Tartar women working in
Kasan are being Instructed as
teachers for work among women
and will have the task of bringing
the whole of the Tartar population Into revolutionary work. Conferences of Independent women
were organized in nearly every district. In the district of Hasan 12
such conferences took place. In
Kasan during the year 1920 there
were 862 women delegates . n the
Soviet institutions, chiefly In kindergartens and schools.
NO! 10 STOP
JUST YEf .
Eight-hour Day Law Does
Not  Suit  Ue  S.
Interests
TECHNICAL   AID   FOR   SOVIET
RUSSIA
Plans to control emigration to
Soviet Russia are now beginning to
take definite shape in thc hands of
the ■ Society for Technical Aid for
Soviet Russia, with offices at 240
East Twenty-third Street, New
York, N. T.
Through the agency of this "organization, emigration to Russia
will be regulated according to the
needs of the country, and not on
the haphazard methods so common
to those of us who have been compelled to move our habitation in
the quest .of food, clothing and
shelter.
Branch organizations have been
set to work all over the United
States, and In some parts of Canada, whose objoct will be'to acquaint the prospective emigrants
with the conditions that they will
have to face in Soviet-Russia to
organize the mechanical and technical skill of such as are willing to
help to build up the.economic life
of the Soviet Republic.
During July 2, 3 and 4, a convention of these bodies will be held
in New Tork to discuss methods
and plans best calculated to procure efficiency in their work.
A branch has been organized In
Victoria, and already a class for
the study of Russian has been
started for the benefit of mechanics
who intend going to Russia, and do
not speak, the language, A Vancouver branch will be launched
within the course of the next few
days. I
JUNIOR LABOR
LEAGUE NOTES
The next meeting of the Junior
Labor League will be hold next
Friday, July 8, at the club rooms,
Dufferln Street West, for the
regular monthly educational meeting. A hat night has been suggested, and a good programme has
been arranged.
There will be no more educational meetings until the first of
September.
The only other meetings In July
will be, business meetings to be held
on July 22 and August 26. The
place of meeting will be announced
later.
For further Information regarding meeting, phone secretary, Fairmont 3023L, and for further information respecting the camp at
White Rock, phone Fairmont 1G10.
Odessa.—The election of the
OdeSsa Soviet resulted In the seating of 600 Communists, '260 Nonpartisans and IB Menshevlkl, as
compared with 80 Menshcvik elected tu the previous Soviet.
EVERY READER CAN HELP
Every reader of The Federatlonist can render valuable assistance by renewing their glibscrfp-
Uoiih as soon ns they arc due, and
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Big Business Does Not
Want Pro Labor
j     Policy
'(By Louis P. Lochner)
(Federated Press- Btaff Correspondent)
(Washington Bureau)
Washington—Mexico-batting will
not stop even If the oil question
■hould be settled to .the satisfaction
of United States Interests. Almost
as obnoxious to big business as Article 27, In which the nation reserves for herself the ownership of
natural resources, Is Artlole 123,
oontaining one of the most progressive Labor charters written Into any
constitutiop.
That charter provides, among
other things, for the eight-hour
day, one day's rest In seven/ prohibition of night work to.women and
children, a minimum wage sufficient "to satisfy the normal heeds of
the workman, his education and his
lawful pleasures," double pay for
overtime, the establishment of Labor centres, sanitary dwelling
places to be furnished by the employer at low rentals, employers'
liability for accidents, specific); recognition of the right to strike,
and many other measures that
mark a great advance over conditions obtaining in a country ln
which peonage was the order of
the day.
As a further step In its pro-Labor
policy, Mexico now proposes to buy
Only goods made In shops fair to
organized labor. The International Machinists is virtually made Its
agent for purchasing quantities of
farm machinery and Implements,
automobiles aiyjl tractors.
There is a magazine published in
Washington by one Henry Harrison
Lewis, entitled "Industry," a semimonthly interpretation Qf Industrial progress. The magazine has
not been entered as second class
mall matter, so that its ownership
and the sources of Its support are
not a matter of public record. It
Is interesting to note, however, thut
Lewis was formerly editor of the
organ of lhe National Association
of Manufacturers, and that thousands of copies of particular issues
of Industry are known to have been
purchased- by Schwab, the Dupont?
and the Metal Trades Association.
Its policy Is frankly anti-organized
Labor.
Industry has become so excited
over Mexico's international Labor
policy that its June title page billions forth this message:
Respectfully Referred to the Department of State
This Issue of Industry contains
the details of an amazing agreement between the government of
Mexico snd an American international I_abor Union.   .   ,   The
details of this astounding act of
friendly nation call for prompt
notice by all concerned.
The next three p"ages then contain Mr. Lewis'  views as to thc
agreement—views   which   it   may
safely be assumed are those of the
interests who form his clientele of
subscribers.
Here Is the crux of Mr. Lewis'
objection to Mexico's policy: "The
serious side of the whole proposition is interference by a friendly
government in an industrial problem of the United States. The
Mexican government should realise
that this is an open shop country,
that unionism menns practically
nothing, and that whatever power
and force unionism had ln the past
eight years was merely the power
and force which came from weak-
kneed politicians and vacillating
officials playing the world-old
game of politics."
Other significant passages from
Mr. Lewis' editorial follqw:
It may be remarked in passing
that Mexico, according to newspaper accounts, is seeking a loan of
1100,000,000 in the United States.
Does Mexico expect that the people of the United States will approve of this loan when lt becomes
known that part of the Mexican
government, at least, is committed
to propagating and promoting the
closed union 'shop in the United
States and Is discriminating againBt
the open shop?
'Do tho Mexican authorities wbo
are involved In this deal realize
that less than eight per cent, of the
people of the United States are
members of Labor Unions, and
that in 35 years, or nearly 40 years
as a matter of fact, thts is the sole
progress which the unions have
been able to make?
"Will this eight per cent, undertake to raise $100,000,000' "for
Mexico, and will the other 92 per
ee'it. willing approve of a loan to
Mexico whon at least part of tho
government of Mexico Is committej
unreservedly to putting eifeht per
cent, of the people of the United
States ln a position of autocratic
power, a position which they nave
abused and which it must be iscog-
nlzed has been thoroughly resint-
ed by the peoplo of the UrlitVl
States?
"The question which should be
propounded is whether the government of Mexico, through one of its
departments, is to Interfere.ln the
internal affairs of the United Spates
and to have as its agent a union
through wliich it will purchase
goode."
Toledo.O.—The principles of the
Third International woro subscribed to at the conference of the
Workers' party, held here last
month. In line with this, socialization of land, of the means of
transportation and com'munlca-
tions, of the Industries, the mines
and the banking and Insurance,
systems was advocated. It was
decided to hold a ijeprreBentativo
national convention of delegates
ln the near future for the purpose
eff forming a nation-wide organization "for the spreading of revolutionary propaganda in this country."
Empire   Leaguer   Gives
Vancouver Audience
Some Secrets
The British Empire League of
Canada is going to add the word
"Patriotic" to its already somewhat high-sounding name. When
it has developed the courage to be
unreservedly honest, it will substitute the word "Protestant," as Indicating much more clearly to the
man ln the street what It really
stands for.
It Is as "the bulwark of Protestantism" that the Empire commends itself to this new patriotic
organization, according to Kennedy H. Palmer, of Ottawa, Its
special spokesman In Vancouver
at the present time. In his vocabulary "Patriotism" and "Protestantism" are the same thing.
This exceedingly smart young
man has been hanging around the
Dominion "gas-house" at Ottawa
for the last five years (at whose
expense was not made clear) trying
to flnd out what Influences are at
work "that might be against the
great principles upon whtch the
Empire Is founded." He has
ma.de the portentous, if not quite
original, discovery that the mighty
Church of Rome is' "the greatest
politicaf machine In Canada," and
he Is -now on the stump to tell the
people all about it
To a carefully selected audience
in the Hotel Vancouver on Wednesday evening he Introduced himself
appropriately as "a small imitation
of the real thing;" but what he
lacked In greatness of stature,
either bodily or mental, hd 'fully
made up for ln lung power and gas
capacity. He was so full of the
"hot air" commodity that it took
him a strenuous two hours of per-
fervid oratory to get it off his
chest. "Behind the Scenes at Ottawa," and even then he had
enough left to tell "The Truth
About Ireland" at a similar gathering on the following evening.
From the special care taken to
exclude non-sympathizers and to
muzzle the press, It was naturally
expected that this young man was
going to say something rather exciting; but it was really not worth
while risking one's life and limb
for, as a conscientious reporter had
to do to take any notes at all.
Just a few Instances of political
wire-pulling, as practised by "Jesuit" hands, and a few small samples of political graft, the beneficiaries being Catholics; and net
ther the one nor the other was
materially different from Its counter-part right here in K C.
anywhere else in Canada. Apparently the ".results" were a bit
smarter at the gamo, and that naturally made Mr. Kennedy H. Palmer and his friends very sore.
"I don't care what religion
people haVe so long as they are
playing the game, and so long as
they are'loyal, staunch «and true,"
he remarked; just the "same he
trounced them unmercifully for
"playing the game" and manifesting a loyal-staunch-and-truene^s
which he held up In the very same
speech, for tho earnest emulation
of his own party. He was similarly scathing of those guardians
of the public welfare who allowed
themselves to succumb to consld
©rations of self-ad van cement, for
himself, he would rather die In
rags than sell his soul for money
(Loud applause). Of course he
hand't yet actually done the dyin-
in-rags stunt, bnt it was nice to
know that he would if required.
Some of the "representatives"
who went to Ottawa represented
nobody but- themselves, he said,
Charlie Dougherty, the ,(Mlnister of
Injustice" (the speaker received his
bouquet as if the phrase were his
very own original) represented nobody but the Roman Catholic
church, J. A. Calder was deaf to
the cries of patriotic citizens who
demanded prison accommodation
for Esmonde (ln fact he told them
plainly to go to H , a warmer
place than Ottawa); but he always listened to one voice — the
voice from Rome. The speaker
himself had evidently played a
noble part In "the flght at Guelph"
and otherwise fighting their machinations. He declared he was not
ashamed of it, and some day he
was going to publish the whole
story.
As to the ecclesiastical view that
"governments do not derive their
power from the consent of the
governed," he added: "I know
that; I have found that out at Ottawa." (Laughter). Evidently Mr.
Kennedy H. Palmer is a particularly bright young man,
The graft cases Included an'appointment given to one of the elect
as "100 per cent, healthy" while
he, at the same time, drew a pension as' "100 per cent, disabled,"
As if there were anything singular
In that! In another case, the
man's chief offence seemed to be
that he had a German-sounding
name, aggravated by the fact that
when ousted from one job he immediately hooked on to another.
However, "a higher power than
a cabinet minister" took a hand in
the game at this point and helped
Mr. Palmer out. The fellow was
to take up his new Job at 9 a.m.,
and at 8.30 he dropped dead (Applause). Another rascal got a salary of $3,060 for a job that had
before been worth $1,000. ■-
Clearly this Jesuit business at
Ottawa is a fearsome thing, and lt
ls well that Mr. Kennedy Palmer
exists to deal wtth lt. On the other
hand, he wants one flag, one school,
one language—one everything, apparently, made In a cast-iron
mould and applied to everybody,
with a touch of the mailed fist
when necessary, to make it flt. So
perhaps lt Is, after all, Just as
well that there is a Catholic conspiracy to keep him ln check too.
He and his Empire leaguers are
evidently as fanatical as the bigots
they denounce.
A
Soviet Russia Safeguards
Health of Rising
Generation
EVERY READER CAN HELP
Every reader of The Federationist can render valuable assistance by renewing tlieir subscriptions as soon as thoy arc due, and
and by inducing another worker to
subscribe.- It doefe not take much
effort to do this.   Try it.
Patronise Federatlonist advertisers and tell them whv vou do so.
Special   Privileges   Are
Granted to the
Mothers
(By the Federated Press)
New York—Child welfare in
Russia and the strides being made
by the Soviet government to overtake the evil effects of the neglect
ot the child under the Czirlst regime, are discussed In an article published ln Moscow by Dr. N. Sema-
•hko and entitled: "The Soviet Government and the Children." The
article forms the basis of an appeal
■ent out by the Soviet Russia Medical Relief Committee of this city
for money and clothing for the sick
and suffering children in the workers' republic      '
Ae traneslated and reprinted by
the relief oommlttee, the pamphlet declares that the Soviet government, In spite of many obstacles,
has already accomplished a great
deal In the oare of children. Mothers are relieved from Industrial
work six weeks before and six
weeki after the birth of a ohild.
Special attention and privileges are
accorded them in regard to food,
("housing and general living conditions. Mothers who nurse their
children at the breast are relieved
from industrial work until the child
has reached tho age of one year.
All over Russia institutions for the
oare of mothers and children have
been established.
"Already," the article goes on to
say, "the central offloe of the Commissariat of Public Health has on
record information about he existence of 123 homes for ohlldren, 151
nurseries, 100 consultation stations,
and 30 mothers' homes. This is
exclusive of Institutions established
and taken in charge by local Soviets.
"Up to the age of 14 children
are excluded from Industrial work.
Between the years of 14 and 16
they are required to work four
hours, between 16 and 18 years, 6
hours. Compulsory education has
been established and during that
period attention is given to their
physical training."
The situation In the former empire Is described by Dr. Semashko
as follows:
"Under the old system, the-child
did not occupy the natural position
of the child, but rather that of an
unwanted Btepchild; while'yet In
Its mother's womb, the child suffered through the exploitation of
Its mother by capitalism; from the
moment of Its birth lt was touched
by the hard, bony hand of death.
Over one-fourth of the children
deld before they had reached their
first year.
"They died because their mothers
could not leave their work. They
suffered from haphazard, ignornant
feeding; from the celebrated
'ihatchky' (coarse food chewed by
the mother and fed to the child in
pulpy form) and from the 'sosky,'
or rag nipples, filled with bread or
or other food, and given to the
child to pacify it. They were the
victims of innumerable diseases.
"Those fortunates who reached
their tenth or fifteenth year were
met by new trials, and were forced
to overwork their tender bodies in
t>he factories. At 18 years the
youth was an aged young man, a
city worker, weak and worn, with
deep linos In his face, stamped
there by suffering, sickness and
care."
BOI CASE
Member of I.W.W. in Gaol
to Be Fall Guy in Frisco
Bomb Mystery
(By the Federated Press) *
San,Francisco—The latest move
of the police ln the preparedness
day bomb mystery, In consequence
of which Mooney and Billings are
serving life sentences, sounds like
sheer lunacy. F. C. Esmond, one of
the I. W. W. mombers convicted at
Sacramento after the "silent defense," and sentenced to 20 years'
Imprisonment, has been elected the
'fall guy" and Is to.J_e accused of
having been the "master mind" behind the bombing. As a flrst step,
his wife, Leone Esmond, formerly
connected with the International
Workers' Defense League, has been
arrested and charged with "criminal syndicalism."
Mrs. Esmond claims that police
put her through an eight-hour
third degree" ordeal, accusing her
also of writing threatening letters
to officials. John G. Weller, of Oakland, has already been convicted of
writing theBe very same letters.
There was no actual evidence to
connect oither Weller or Mrs. Esmond wtth the alleged threats.
Juat what ls to happen next is a
mystery to >all but the police department. A curious feature is
that one of Mrs. Esmond's grlllers
was Maxwell McNutt, formerly one
of Mooney's attorneys.
"LEFT WING" COMMUNISM
FOR SALE
This work by Lenln is now on
sale at Tho Fcderntlonlst office,
and should be read by every workers Its treatment of working clubs
tactics alone ts worth the price,
which* ls 2Bc per £opy.
GET A NEW SUBSCRIBER
The greatest assistance that the
readers of Thc Federatlonist can
render as at this thne, Is by scouring a new subscriber. By doing too,
you ttprfud tho news of Ute working eluss movement and assist us
THE LARGEST EXCLUSIVE MEN'S AND ROYS' SHOE STORE
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Sydney, N. S. W.—The ComMun-
ist party of Australia was consolidated and a new executive, eleoted
at the flrst annual congress held
here several weeks ago. The new
executive, whloh has taken the
place of the provisional one, will
consider the manifesto, program
and constitution and make all necessary alterations and additions.
W. Earamann was re-elected general secretary,
The Communist party has now
three small Journals—a .monthly
(The Proletarian) at Melbourne, a
fortnightly (Knowledge and Unity)
at Brisbane, and a weekly (The
Communist) at Sydney. The party
claims to be gaining many new
members.
SEND IN TOUR ORDER
The Federatlonist has published
"Left Wing" Communism, an Infantile disorder, by Nikolai Lenln.
This work should be read by every
worker, no lt deals extensively with
working class tacthfc.'■price: Single
copies, 26c; orders of ten or moro
coples, 20c each, postage paid.
Help the Fed. by helping our
advertisers.
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Beattle Union Record parried
It's Worry that
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