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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 26, 1920

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Array $"1
12.00 PER YEAR
Paper Mill Workers Want
8-Hour pay and $5
Lumber Workers Achieve
Objective in Some
The Port Nevillo strike tt tta*
Mainland Cedar Company', eamp.
ifl settled, the eompany coming
through with all requirements, the
old crew ia going back to tho camp.
. At tke Thompson Sound camp of
the same eompany the men hav*
puMn *, requisition for the top
bunks to he removed; blankets,
sheets, pillows and slips to be furnished, the bed linen to be washed
weekly; all cnamelware to be eliminated; a raise, of SO cents a day
with wages paid semi-monthly ln
cash or certified cheques. Th* first
reply received was not entirely tat
ttfaotoiy. The raise was given
fnJnt March I. Blankets, etc, to
be furnished at a charge of fl a
week. Wages to be paid ln the
fame old way, but ln this respect
there Is the legal provision of tbe
"Semi-monthly pay Act of 1J17,"
which It may be necessary to draw
to the attention of the powers that
Job Action Keoesstry
• A little job 'action may bo necessary to ttslst' iii. advancing tbo en-,
llghtenment of thoso who refuse to
iee thlnga face to face. The lumber-
Workers are now solidly organized
aiid It is a wis* employer who
recognises It.
As previously reported- Chase'
■trlke against the Adams River out-
lit was called oft Thinking that
tafety oould be tecured against de-
f mauds for improved conditions by
employing mtn thought to b* nonunion, tb* employers 'sent a• man
1 aamed Copp fo Vancouver tti get a
crow of ex-service men; tie got 34
for Fussee's camp, claiming It was
nine hours cafttp to camp. Upon
arrival the men found It was ten
hours camp to camp, and ln addition that there was no dry room or
proper washing - accommodation.
Tho bathroom consisted of a
small cubby hole partitioned off
the end of bunk house; In this was
a small galvanised Iron tub. Warm
water, lt desired, had to be heated
' In a tin on the stove. The men
kicked, but put up with It for three
days, and then 25 of them returned
to town.   They reported conditions
■ and .a wire was tent the provincial
health department, who immediately sent nn inspector to examine and
report upon conditions.
Engineer Deported
As a result of action on the part
of the men on strike at the Shawnigan bake camp, Victoria district,
an engineer namod Hird, who was
Imported by the compnny from tlie
other side of the line, has been deported by the Immigration authorities. The question of taking legal
action against the company for
bringing the man in Is being taken
. up with tho lawyers.
Tho demands of the workers In
- the pulp and paper plants for an
eight-hour day with a 15 minimum
havo bcen submitted to all the
companies. Tho demand Is for tho
sWftge to be retroactive to the 1st
of March and the eight-hour day to
commenco the 1st of April. No reply has yet been received which
would Indicate that the men will
have to rosort to actlun whloh the
application of a Uttle common sense
by tbe employers would make
unnecessary. The blind action of the
employers may perhaps be account-
ed for by their belief, or hope, that
.the men.are not organized, for
(Continued on page 8)
Local Union Defeats Its
International Office in
. - Law Case
Judgment hat been given-by Mr.
Justice Macdonald-. in tayor-tt the
loeal unton, No. 211, 'of the International Brotherhood of.Electrical
Workers, In a consolidated action
between the local and tne International. The light followed the revocation pf the charter of the Vancouver body, numbering.more than
100 members, by Canadian Vice-
president Ernest Ingles,' and an
attempt on the .part of the international to take over tho books,
money and assets of the Ioca) union. The officers of the organisation In this city brought .action
against the International body
seeking to retain membership ln
tbe brotherhood and- In this they
were successful. The cate la reported to be the flrst of its kind
In Canada wherein a union fought
with Its governing body for tb*
retention of Its affiliation, and lt
bas boon closely followed In labor
circles 'throughout the Dominion.
Was Lone Trial
The trial lasted fifteen days, the
two actions boing consolidated. Tho
Judgment : and reasons handed'
down Friday by Mr. Justice Macdonald as contained In 32 typewritten pages. Mr. L, 1. Rubinowitz conducted the cat* tor the local union,, and Messrs. Harris and
Emerson acted at solicitors, and
Messrs. S. S. Taylor, K.C.,, R. L.
Stockton and Roy Stulfes at counsel for the brotherhood.
In summing up his judgment,
Mr. Justice Macdonald 'restores
the charter and membership privileges of the local union In the
brotherhood; denies tbe right of
the International body' to' attach
tho property of the 1 ocal, and
grants ah Injunction restraining
Vlce-Tn-osldent Ingles from interfering with the charter.
Saya Rights Destroyed
. "I bave found that the membera
of tb* local .'union had property
rights which wero destroyed, and
were entitled to redress: I feel no
doubt that I oan thus declare tho
rights of the party and should apply a remedy as far as possible,"
says Mr, Justice Macdonald.
"There will be judgment accord-
ingiy, In apt terms, stating that
the charter of the local union Is
restored and was improperly
ponded and revoked. Also that the
members of the local union were,
and are, entitled to all the rights
and privileges of membership in
the brotherhood as well as the local union and are not affected by
the suspension and revocation of
the charter.   -
"I should add that I would have
come to this conclusion aside from
my determination in tbo Morrison
action as I can not see upon what
principle the brotherhood can
claim thc funds ot the local union
after suspension and revocation bf
Its charter. Theso moneys were
not subscribed, as a fund to be appropriated, or used, in any way
by the' brotherhood. They . were
for tbe benefit of the' local union.
Property rights of the members
Ot the local union in the (13,373
subscribed to the International
treasury were held to be Interfered
with by the suspension as woll as
(Continued on page 8)
'rations by the
Ar|ithe Features
of the Trial of Labor Men
W. A. Pritchard of Vancouver,
Prove Capable of Defending
There Is No Legal Talent in
Made by Vancouver
Prospects of Reli
By Gordon Cascaden.
Winnipeg, March 25.—W. A. Pritchard, at Vancouver;,
with six ethers is on trial here for alleged seditious conspin
in connection with the big 1919 Winnipeg general strike, We
nesday night completed one of the most eloquent addresses evel
heard in this section of Canada.
Throughout his address the jury listened with closest attention. HiB peroration won plaudits from the most eminent publicists of this province.
ips, Queen and Ivens of Winnipeg
smselves—Lawyers Admit That
inipeg That Can Excel Labor's
iticism of Crown's Case Is
-Jury Is Pleased at
at an Early Date
"Joyful news, my lord," the foreman shouted when Mr. Bon
ir announced at the opening of Wednesday's session, that the
.efense would close Thursday night so that the jury could get
way home. Smiles radiated from every other juror. It has been
i long ordeal for them. Mr. Andrews had spoken for nearly
'our days in aU, following the introduction of weeks and weeks
sof testimony and documents. It is true, however, that the addresses made in this trial surpass those in any other Canadian
trial. Seldom can four men be found to make such speeches as
USUI VL blUO MlUVJllUO. ti  v.-w..    K....UVU*   vwu  *w»»   —..,—  .... ~~....*»   ...  _....v  ........  .e~..—..  —.
Pritchard began his speech at 10 o'clock Tuseday morning,aiiffl Pritchard, Heaps, John Queen and William Ivens.  The lawyers
_ a ' 1_ -1-   3 V _  -a '    Ia  Ul. "il. '1  _i.Ill-l-Ll . _M _._._.  Ct~.~ln11--'  tliAMiinlirnn   aJmii   ilinl   Wiiininnn   Vioo   nn-i   man   nf   4lmii»   (tollitiiy
for two whole days he dealt with the philosophy of the Socialist
movement and the aims and aspirations of ttese who toil.        f able to excell the four representatives of labor.
Aid. A. A. Heaps, another defendant, began Kis address Thun;,;
day morning., It probably will be completed at 6 o'clock Thursday. E. A. Bonnar, K.C, chief defense counsel, is expected to
follow in a two-hour address, thereby closing the case for the
defense. M
A. J. Andrews, K.C., chief crown counsel, may take all ofJFrfe
day and Saturday in his reply, or he may shorten his remarks.
If he does so the judge, who -will not make as lengthy a charge
as in the Bussell trial, will give the case to the jury sometime
Saturday, If Mr. Andrews talks all day Saturday, these twelve
men Will complete their task sometime WonfUy.       ''»*-.'; - '■_
The jurors are very tired and extremely aioious to get awi "
to theif farms.
"He dreamed and .dreamed about
conspiracy until he hatched conspiracy,-' Heaps said, Thursday
morning. "Then he got his army
corps together. That was "the citi*
sent! oommlttee of Ono -Thousand,"
Heaps ridiculed the activities of
Andrews and other crown counsel
and exposed the so-called citizens'
"-If I have erred grievously,'
.Pritchard said, in his peroration.
I have also erred- ln good company.
If I havo erred, lam glad I have
erred ln the company of Anatole
France, Bernard Shaw and others
of those bright men who are seeking to bring about the time when
the sword shall in reality be beaten
Into the* plowshare. If my wife
and children can only be spared
from the suffering I have passed
through, then I am satisfied. Look
Vut Profits Made Out of
Toil of Imperial Service Men
The Hon. C. C. Ballantyne, mln
Iste of marine, appears to bo delighted over the fact that the govornment mado four and a half
million dollars out of its merchant
marine last year. ThlB has naturally been made out of tho sweat
and blood of the workers, but one
of the things that "the minister
falls to point out is tho fact tbat
the men who were lauded as heroes
•f the submarine campaign wagod
against the Germans, are now being employed on those boats at a
wage that Is not only tn a month
lut thjn the union scale, but that
tbe wages are far less than those
received by Chinese on American
vessels. If this is part .of thc.r.e-
0atrlatl6n scheme of the Canadian
governmont thon It had better quit
boasting of ltt profits. The Marino Firemen's unit ot tbe O. B.
O. refuses to have anything to do
with.theso boats, and 60 per cent.
•f its membership have Seen service with the Imperial forces, Tho
Navy Leaguo, however, has taken
on the Job of placing "returned
men" on theso boats at tho reduced scale, In spile or the fact
Ibat the work la probably the
hardest that can be obtalnod.
Fottonize Federatlonist tdrcrtis-
General Workers Unit of
Vancouver Representative of Workers
The Genoral Workers' Unit of the
One Big Union ln tho city of Vancouver Js making remnrknbet progress and Is rtie banner union In the
point of numbers In the oity. This
unit has taken the new form of
unionism. It Is neither a craft
union nor an Industrial union, but
It Is composed of workers, men and
women, skilled and unskilled, -in
all branches of Industry. With this
unit in existence, there Is absolutely
no reason In the world why a working man or woman should not bo
carrying a unlob card, oither In the
General Workers' Unit or Industrial units of the O. B. U. All
trade grievances are taken up -In
the general meeting and, If deemed
advisable, are referred to a meeting of the members of the particular branch of Industry affected and
then referred back to the General
Workors Unit for endorsatlon. Tho
dues in this organization are one
dollar per month and tho Becrotary,
It. J. Campbell, is located In Room
210 Labor Tomple.
The following trades are represented   in   ths   General   Workers'
Unit of the O. B. U.:
Carpenters Painters
Electricians Blacksmiths
Machinists       Machinists' Helpers
Auto, Mechanics Switchmen
Engineers Steam Shovel Mon
Sign Painters
Truok Drivers
Freight Handlers
Tie Makers
Tile Layers
Janitors Barmaids
Waitresses .   Waiters
Stroet. Itailwaymen Butchers
Store Clerks        Brewery Workers
'Jourjiallfcts    * Bookkeepers-
Stenographers Scemon
Mattress Makers Trappers
Laborers.        ■...
Ask your grocor II his clerks ar«
In tbe unltfttT   *'
Prominent Socialist, Ex
Methodist Minister, to
Speak Here
'The Big Lessons of the
Russell Trial" Is to Be
His Subject
"The Big Lessons of thc Russell
Trial" will be the subject of the
address to be delivered by Comrade A. E. Smith at the Federated
Labor Party meeting in the Royal
Theatre next Sunday evening. As
a speaker and as a Socialist Comrade Smith needs no Introduction
to Vancouver workors, having been
here on previous occasions. He has
been speaking at various points on
his wny west and has held very
successful meetings. It is hoped
that arrangements can be made for
him to address a week-night meeting while he is here. There will be
a short time for questions and fivc-
inlnute speeches after the address.
Comrade J. W. Hogg will act as
chairman. Doors open at 7:30 p.m.
Mooting commences at 8.
Comrade Smith was a member
of the Methodist Conference in
Manitoba when that body "fired"
Rev. Wm. Ivens from the ministry,
but immediately protested and resigned along with Ivens and started
the, People's Church at Brandon,
Man. Previous to going to Brandon, Comrade Smith was the
Methodist minister at Nelson, B. C'
Some of his Nelson friends will remember that oh one occasion he
horrified the members of his
'flock" by going to the local theatro after cfiurch service ono Sunday to speak for the Socialist candidate In that riding.
The Labor School has made arrangements to have a picnic' to
Capilano Park in conjunction with
the Junior Labor League on Good
Friday. Those! intending to go
should meet* at the North Vancouver Ferry at 10 a.m.' The school
will meet at usual at 2:30 next Sunday afternoon in O'Brien Hall. Tho
subject will be, "Whose example to
follow to achieve our aims."
The Federated Labor party win
he holding another whist drive and
dance on Friday, A(>rll 16, this'ilnio
in Cotillion'Hall,.'corner Davie' and
OranviUe streets.- Tickets are 25c
for. ladies and 50c-^for gentlemen.
Members'a,nd friends who are interested in tlie work of the Ward G
committee are .invited to .attend a
meeting of that committee at, 520
Broadway East next Monday evening ox 8 ff.'m.
through this case,   Take It pie*
by piece.    Give your judgment.
am  satisfied, while standing be-; Son.
.themselves admit that Winnipeg has not men of their calling
Ivens also spoke for seventeen hours, while John Queen spoke
nearly as long. Each, though quite different from the others,
made telling points at times and rose to the heights of oratory.
i Following the speech of W. H. Trueman, K.C., eminent constitutional authority, whieh was eut short when Judge Metcalfe
refused to let him quote from the article on Socialism in the
encyclopedia Brittannica in order to compare it with the writings in various exhibits. John Queen spoke. Ward Hollands,
representing R. J. Johns, made a two-hour speech. The Rev.
iWm. Ivens then began his address. He started speaking Thursday afternoon but his voice gave out Friday night. E. J. McMurray, representing George Armstrong, spoke Saturday aud
| part of Monday, Ivens then finishing his speech.
son.     In every medicine there is
poison, in every food there la poi-
fore you now on the threshold
tho parting of the -ways, one path'
leading to tha concrete-bound, f0j
Iron-clt.d obscurity of the penitentiary, and the other leading to tha'
bright and happy Utile wife and:
children and home, to ad hero to
the ideals for which I have strenuously fought."
"In those exhibits the most important to use are confined in the.
narrow space betwoen two colored
pencil lines for fear that tf we
should refer you to the whole document justice might 'not he done/'
Hollands said in his concise
apeech. *_lt We right for capital
to Unite, why not Labor? If conditions remained as they were be-
foru the great war, then we have
no way of judging the future for
other Kaisers might rise In tha
places of those In the past, Any
society or persons who have for
their object the establishment of'
universal peace ■ ought to be con-,
sidered carefully, because there
must be something wrong with
our society."
Winnipeg's workers are intensely Interested ln the trial. Ever
since Queen started his speech
they have thronged the courtroom
and its corridors, bringing their
lunches with them so that when
one session adjourned they might-'
stand at the door, eat a bite, and
be the first to get bock in again
when the big doors opened. A
queue has formed every day for
a week at noon, and again at
hight, in the long court corridor.
These people wanted to hear those
arrested In Labor's cause tell why
they stand for Labor.
W. A. Pritchard began his speech
to the jury Tuesday morning,
"My mind goes back over thie
reaches of history to days of pros-'
scriptlons, to days of hunting out
political opponents," he said. "We
have heard something of poison in
this court. It is a very ap? analogy;
but the analogy used by my friend*,'
Mr. Andrews Is the poorest of the
poor. He told you with a voice
ringing with indignation of poison.
He told of certain literature aa pol-;
Search Every Ash Barrel
"They have collected here a mass
correspondence from the Atlan-
t seaboard to the Pacific slope.
ey sent their agents to search in
every ash barrel in the Dominion
of Canada; they have delved into a
battalion of documents,
| "Out of that mass of documents,
'out of that mass of correspondence, they have carved out the
terms; 'Bolshevism, Industrialism,
Proletariat, Bourgeoisie.' I can
jtiagine Mr. Pitblado saying to
■Mf. Andrews: 'Look what I have
found.' I can see Mr. Pitblado
£hout with glee, 'Eureka/ Eureka/
Suddenly my learned frlond moves
eround the corner and says, 'here
H Is—the concoction?' When they
liave got them altogether, tjiey
shake them well before the jury.
I can easily forgive Mr. Andrews,
but I'm not charitably Inclined toward Mr. Pitblado. He should
have been educated, and ought to
Kave known better.
| j 'They talk about a Philadelphia
lawyer. The legal profession exists for one sido to make up legal
'documents for the other to pull
| "Why the continuous remands?
That was tho history of this case.
Whether or no we can unmix that
Medicine to the satisfaction of you
aiid this court, wo will bo vindicated by history.
Sg"Whether or not wo be vindicated in thiB court, wc will be vindicated In history.
'■^■"History of scientific thought Is
h/story bf the burning of books,
ajid book lovers. Industry has become so intense, so complex, that
no longer can the Industry guaran-
tcje a living wage to all Ita workers
and bear interest on bonds,
. l&ptains .Socialist Movemont
■ 1 "I would lower myself by calling
Jt'a-defense—but I will try to explain the Socialist movement. In
#sip!atning that history, lt will take
ton Into a library unexcelled. It
IMS come to it that Plains Uepub-
was banned from Canada. Tet
Plato snld a house that has a lib-
'rarv In it has a soul.   We are not
charged or tried for not believing
in witchcraft; we do not atand before you for being religious or not
unrellgious. If in a case where a
man is charged with Btealing
horses, what would you think If
the prosecutor told vou the accused was a reader? I might paraphrase Gilbert and Sullivan's musical comedy, and say the flowers
that bloom In the spring, have nothing to do with the case, tra la.'
Education has moved on a pace,
science has developed and we no
longer accept stories of witchcraft.
Because soience has advanced, you
cannot put education ln the minds
of the young and hold witchcraft.
I wonder when Mr. Pitblado went
through these courses?
"He   quoted   Robert   Ingersoll,
who said:  'Education Is the most
(Continued en page I)
Vancouver Ubor Temple
Company, Limited
(Incorporated Under the Ijtors'ef British Columbia)
Phone Sey. 291.
■ Room 210, Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B. G,
March 26,  1920.
Notice Is hereby given that tho next ordinary general meeting
of the Labor Temple Company, Limited, will be held at the registered ofllce of the Company In the Labor Temple Building, corner Homor and Dunsmuir Streets, Vancouver, B. C, on Tuesday,
the 6th.day of April, 1920, at I (.'clock in the evening, for the
purposes following, namely:
To receive and consider the annual statement of accounts and
balance sheet, and the reports of tyo directors and auditors, to
elect directors and such other ollicers as may be necessary In the
jplace of those retiring and to transact the other ordinary business
of the company and also to transact the following special business, namely, to consider and If thought fit to adopt, together
with any such amendments as might be propose-1 and adopted
at thc said meeting, the sub-joined resolution, namely:
"Tbat the Vancouver Labor-Temple Company at a
general meeting held on the 6th day of April, 1920,
.hereby authorizes the Directory-sof the Com*.:»ny to sell
tho Labor Temple Building being the building and pre-
'■ mlscs described as Lots 21, 22«nd 23, in Bolck 35 in
the Subdivision of District Lot ral, Group 1, Vancouver
District for the aum of $20 000.Vr more providing that
the purchaser pays off the mortgages ami other claims
ngainst the building; and In older to effect such sule
the directors aro hereby authorised in thc name ond on
behalf of. the Company to excctUe ull necessary deeds
- and conveyances.and to do all'acts and things necessary In that behalf." 1
By order, J
Vi R. MIDGLEY,, (ft ere tary-treasurer.
»<"!**''I** ♦»l*"M*'»"l"t'«*''»-»-l''l"l"l-WI i».|..|..| i|n|i.| i|i im >.M-»M"N1t
Refused to Sign U. M. W.
of A. Check-off the
Funds .Urgently Needed
By the Miners in This
Fight fpr Liberty
Following the policy of "greater
production," the coal mine operators of Alberta have locked out over
1700 miners. The following arc
camps affected: Coleman, Belle-
vue, McGilllvray, Blairmore, and
Canmore. The reason for the
lockout is that thc men refuse to
sign the United Mine Workers'
check-off, and have joined the O.
B. U. It evidently is thc intention
of thc employers to take a sect'on
of tho miners, ond drive them Into
the United MIao Workers, and vm-k
west, and tackle the men ln British
Columbia at a later date.
Tho miners have issued a call
for financial assistance to aid them
in thcir fight. It Is very evident
that this Is to be thc starling point
of the employing class fight against
tho O. B. V., and It is in the interests of every member of that organization that the miners should
emerge victorious out of this flght.
lt has come to a sorry pass when
the most vital industry can be
closed down in order that tho employers shall have the say as to
whut organization their employees
shall belong to.
Greater production Is being called for on every hand, and men
who struck in Winnipeg for the
right of collective bargaining wore
arrested for seditious conspiracy,
and one of the overt acts in the
Indictment was they, by closing
down Industry, jeopardized the
welfare of thc community. No one,
however, expects thc coal operators
to be brought to book, as they are
backed by the government through
tho department of Lnbor, which
department is under the guidance
of Senator Robertson, one time
member of a trade union, now an
advocate of the A. F, of L„ although a member ef tho government. Funds are urgently needed
by the minors In their fight,'which
Is tho fight of all members of the
O. B. U. Donations, no matter
how small, will bc thankfully received by Rod McDonald, Blairmore, B, C.
The Hedley miners have forwarded y.!i towards the defense
fund, and have assessed themselves
LOo per month. This fs practical
Landbbury Describes Conditions Prevailing in
Soviet Russia
London—The flrst. privato wire-
lets message that haa come from
Soviet Russia has been received
here. It was a description of Moscow by George Lansbury, editor of
the London Dally Herald, now in
"The churches aro all open, and
people going in and out," he aald.
"The magnificent shrine ln the
Kremlin was being visited as of
old. All classes are In the streets.
All suffer hunger, cold and sickness, due entirely to civil wurraided by foreign gold and arms.
"As to peace with our neighbors,
there is no obstacle on this side.
All Russia demands from her
neighbors Ib friendship. Poles, Uk-
ranians—In fact, all peoples—can
have peace If they will treat Russia
as a free nation.
"I am struck with the calm confidence with which all officials face
the future. It is their faith which
keeps the masses with them. . . .
People are badly dressed, but are
looking ramarkably well considering their privations; but the outstanding fact Is that the blockade
and civil war have let loose disease
and want of every description. Tet
these millions of human beings desire only to be allowed to live.
"Atroclty-mongertng is played
out here and in Petrograd. I am aa
free and safe alone In the streets
aa ln London; indeed, more so.
True religion is untouched; true
marriage is as sacred as ever. Thc
churches are being restored at the
public expense. There is nothing
here worse than In other capitals;
there is much, very much that is
London—A strike threatening to
Involve 20,000 union members has
been called by the British and Allied Waiters, Chefs and Employees
Union, for the recognition of the
union and the granting of better
working conditions. The union had
formerly boen recognized by the
anti-tabor press as "loyal In contrast to the Hotel Workers branch
of the Workers Union of Great Britain, which is of the One Big Union
variety, and has a membership of
New Tork — Union Labor of
Greater New Tork has split on the
political question. At the last regular meeting the Central Labor
Union of Brooklyn adopted President Gompers' programme of nonpartisan action for the coming election. Meanwhile the Central Federated Union of New Tork, In defiance of Gompers' enunciation, votod to support the Labor Party with
its full strength.
Did Not Stall
J. H. Burrough, of Prince Rupert, has requested a denial to be
made of the story which has been
circulated to the effect that Spider
Galloway scabbed at the Premier
mine during the recent strike. The
report was evidently a frame-up on
Beverly McMillan of Jackson
Bay, B. C, took advantage of our
subscription ofTcr of ten yearly sub,
cards for $17.50. and got his friends
to read Thc Federationist. H<j suggests that more of our readers do
the same.
Canadian Mariners Are
Underpaid—C. P. R. and
Dollar Co, Hire Chinese
Last night's meeting of thc Vuneouver Trades and Labor Council
meeting was a short one, the coun
cil adjourning so that thc del''
gates could attend tho defense
dance in lho Dominion hall. At
tho oponing of tho meeting It was
stated that there was a little business to transact, and a motion wus
made to adjourn so that the dele
gates could attend the defense
dance. Before this motion was
carried, however, the repprcsenta-
tlvc of the Marine Firemen and
Oilers called the attention of the
council to the fact thnt the C. P.
R. and thc Dollar companies were
hiring Chinese crews, while it was
admitted that thc Canadian government which was hiring white
crews had mude a profit of 0 \_
per cent. It was also pointed out
thut fn spite of the profit made
by the government, that tlie erews
hired by the Canadian Mercantile
Marine were not receiving the
wage culled for by the Marine
Firemen and Oilers Union, the
ships being also undermanned, and
when they reached the Panama
canal, more help had to be hired.
The secretary was Instructed to
wire to tho minister of marine and
fisheries calling his attention to
these facts. A short discussion
was indulged in as to thc support
being given to the defense fund,
during which the seeretary of the
defense committee paid un eloquent tribute to the support given
by the Lumber Workers Unit of
tho O. B. U. to this fund. The
Genera] Workers Unit of the O. B.
U. announced that at the next
moeting an assessment for the defense of the men on trial tn Winnipeg would be considered. The
meeting then adjourned.
Chicago,—The net earnings of
thc Standard Oil Co. of lndfuna
for the yeur ending Dec. 31, 1919,
amounted to more titan llu per
cent, on V\_ 130,000,000 capital
ill EAST
O. B. U. Organizer to Explain Case of Locked-
Out Miners
General News of Interest
Regarding O.B.U.
At the Invitation of the United
Mine Workers District Board of
Nova Scotia, P. M.. Christophers,
executive board member of the O.
B. U., will attend their convention,
which Is to be held shortly, and
explain to them the reasons why
1700 coal miners in Alberta are at
the present time locked out. Tho
United Mine Workers International
officers tn Alberta havt also been
invited to send a representative
to tho convention to explain to
the coal miners of Nova Scotia tha
charge that the employers, officer*
of the government, and the officers
of the United Mine Workers of
America are in collusion to drive
out of the mining camps the families and the men who prefer the
Ono Big Union to the United Mine
workers of America organization.
P. M. Christophers is a veteran of
tho organised labor movement in
Western Canada and ahould be able
to give a good account of himself
among the coat minera of the Marat line Provinces. Organizer Christophers recently paid a visit tj
Swift Current and Moose Jaw and
succeeded in organising a unit of
the O. B. U. at Moose Jaw. There
is a branch In process of formation at Swift Current. C. Lavls of
Vancouver writing from Swift Current says that the workers in thet
vicinity are a live bunch, and that
the farmers are becoming greatly
Interested ln working-class propaganda. The labor party there ifl
distributing a lot of literature
amongst the farmers. ^ Comrade
Lavls adds that the workers in
Swift Current are in fact moro
alive than they aro Vancouver.
Street Car Men Rebel
J. Dixon, chairman of the Thun*
der Bay District Central Labor
Council writes that the Fort William local of street rallwaymen
have decided to send their charter back to the International headquarters.
The mines In Fernte are only
working three days a week and
further east ln Alberta most of
the coal mines are locked out duo
to the refusal of the men to sign
the United Mine Workers of Amer.
ica check-off.
The One Big Union still continues to grow In Prince Rupert.
A wire for additional membership
folders was received from Secretary Cameron during the last
The movement In Los Angeles
also continues to grow In spite of
the fact that the city has been called the scabbiest spot on the Pacific coast, A wire received from
the general headquarters a few
days ago from the secretary In Los
Angeles Btated that a railroad organization had voted to join thr
O. B. U. and that the Fishermen'*
local was expected to take similar
action in a few days.
A printing shop in Calgary has
been signed up by the One pig
Union and henceforth will use tho
O. B. U. label on their printed
Organizer Knight has been in
New York for some time assisting
In lining up u number of Independent organizations In that city With
the O. B. U. Ho will probably visit
Chicago and address our 1,'towing
membership In that city before returning lo Toronto.
J. Stevenson who recently left
Victoria to take charge of tho
(Continued on page 8)
Australian Workers Find
Arbitration Does Not
Give Results
(By W. Francis Ahern)
During December last the marine
engineers employed on the steamships engaged in th Interstate Australian trade went on strike for Increased wuges, demanding wagea
ranging from $125.50 to $30!i per
month, according to the class of
vessel on wliich they were employed. Being unable to get scabs to
perform the work, the shipowners
were forced, at the end of January,
to reluctantly give way to tho engineers und grant their demands.
That the men were not making
any unreusouable demand was apparent to anybody having an unbiased view of the situation. While
other branches of the mercantile
marine secured Increased wages
during and after the war, the marine engineers went on working under the old conditions, relying on
the loyalty of of the shipowners to
recognize their claims for better
conditions at the close of the war.
When they wont to the arbitration
court for an increase, Instead of
getting the substantial Increase
they expected, all they got waa a
paltry alteration to tho overtime
rates. Thus Instead of their loyalty '
in sticking to tho shipowners during thc war being recognized, thty
were actually penalized. . Eventually the men were forced to strike
in order to got thoir claims recoc-
nlzed. PAGE TWO
twelfth year. no. ii   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. o.
$60.00 Guaranteed Indigo
Dyed Navy Blue Serge
Suits, $49.75
Arnold & Quigley
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Bonds Signed by Men on
Trial are Raffled
Non-Manual Workers Unlona An
to Federate Into Powerful
London—An epochal organization ot all the non-manual workera
In Great Britain haa been accomplished here in the establishment
of the National Federation of Professional, Technical, Administrative and Supervisory workers. Its
purpose Ib to federate all tho societies represented of salaried workers not engaged in manual toll.
More than 40 of these societies
aent delegatea to tha inaugural
meetinga over whloh O. D. H. Cole*
well-known Guild Socialist, presided.
Civil servants, local government
board officers, journalists, law
clerks, actors as well aa scientific,
technical, engineering and chemical workers, were all represented
at the conference.
Ideal   By  Which   ScientUle  Gifts
Can Be Safe); Entrusted
to the World
London—"Science le an aotual
working Socialism, communistic ln
Its inheritance, and communlstlo lo
the spirit of Its application," as
serted Professor Soddy, F. R. 8.,
Oxford Unverstty, ln aa Interview
"The ideals for whloh Labor
stand* are the only onu under
which the further great gifts of science can safely be entrusted to the
world. Under our present order,
life, ia the next war, could be wiped off the globe by science. Common ownership of the acquisitions
of science is the only path of progress and the the only way. In which
the sum total of human happiness
can be augmented."
Our advertisers support the Federatlonist. It is up to you to support them.
The Woodstock, Ontario, police
force from the chief down, have
secured an advance In wages. Constables are increased (101 *er
Fineat Canterbury Limb Stew. lb. 280
Finest Canterbury Lamb Loins,
per lb 0»V,e
Fineit Ctntcrbnry Limb Legs,
por lb.   35c and 3Sa
FinesfCinterbury Lamb Shoulders,
por lb* ...  O0Y.I
Slater'. Sliced Streaky Bieon, lb. (He
Slater's Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb. 66c
Slater'a Sliced Ayrshire Boll, lb. 56c
On Friday snd Saturday we will
aell oor Fineit Fork shoulders,
weiihin, bom t te C lba.  Bee.
38o lb. Friday sad Sitnr-
day, per lb.  3oy.c
On Saturday morning from 8 a.m.
to 11 a.m. we will sell our Famous Sugar Cured Bacon (sliced)
at. per lb  46c
Fineat Slav Beef Ovea Boasts from,
per rb. 280
Finest Steer B.ef Pot Roasta from,
per lb.  180
Finest Steer Boiling Beef from, ■
par lb. We
Finest Fork Sausage, lb, H 350
Finest Dairy Bntter, Ib.
Finest Peanut Butter, lb —-25c
Finest Troco Oleomargarine, lb. -45c
Finest B. 0. Cream Cheese, pkge. ..20c
No. I Steer Boiled Boneless Pot
Routs, any siie, Special lb. 26c
On Saturday morning from 8 a.m.
to 11 a.m. we will sell our Fin*
eat Alberts Butter, reg. 3 lba.
for 82.35.  Special, 8 lbs. 82.18
Finest Beef Fat, lb  ..20c
Finest Beef Suet, lb.  - 26c
Fineat Beef Dripping, 8 lbs 80s
Clark's Tomato Ketchup	
Helm Tomato Ketchup 	
B. 0. Tomato Ketchup . ..-.
On Friday and Saturday we will
sell Cinterbury Lamb Shoulders
for. per lb - Otf,e
Friday and Saturday we will sell
our Flnoit Sugar Cured Picnic
Earns lor, per lb. 28'Ac
Cowan's Cocoa, halMb. tin 250
Finest Pineapple,  tin   - 260
Quaker Corn, tin  - 20c
Finest String Beans,  tin  20c
Fineat Vised Pickles, jar  .200
Libby's Olives, bottle  -10c
Libby'a Olives, bottle  25c
Finest Pumpkin, 2 for  250
Quaker Pork and Beans, 8 lor ..260
Spuds  are  expensive,  why not  bay
Beans. Pearl White Beans only,
par lb. _-  M«
Finest Large Prunes, per lb. ..26c
Finest Large Peaches, per lb. ..350
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326)1 Kala Stmt	
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 .Phone Say. 868
...Phone Fair. 1683
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Office open Tuesday ud Friday evenings,
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings SL W.       ::      Vancouver, B. C
Labor Conditions at
Prince  Rupert  Are
None of the Best
The regular meeting of Princo
Rupert Central Labor Council convened on Mar. 16 with 35 present
Cards inspected, and credentials for
W. Wicks, "W. Shaw and Otto Miller accepted from tho Building
Trades Unit and delegates seated.
Correspondence from Stewart, Alice
Arm and the City Council was
filed; from the G. K. B„ re the re'
guested assessment for the defense
fund, laid over to good and welfare.
The building committee asked to
be released from the instructions
limiting them to a joint stock
proposition, in view of tho fact that
they had a proposal in view which
would be of better advantage io the
council. The request was acceded
to, and the committee given permission to proceed along the lines
they considered most beneficial to
the council. Del. Cann, temporary
organizer, reported 30 new members signed up by himself. Prospects in restaurants and laundries
were good for organization. Six
O. B. 17. shop cards would be needed at once*
B. 0. P. of Ii. Report Adopted
The secretary-treasurer read *
report of the B. C. F, of I*, conven
tion In Victoria which waa similar
to that appearing in the last issue
of the Federationist. A bill of expense for the two delegates, showing a deficit of $37.20, was ordered
paid. Some discussion took place
on tho position of the paper and
general satisfaction was expressed
that it now was tinder the control
of the O. B. U. movement. The
report of the membership of tlie
L. VV. I. U. was submitted as
cjusstod, but did not meet the
quirements of those who asked for
it, but the assistant secretary stated
that no more definite information
could be got out of his flies than
was shown in the report submitted.
-The report was finally filed. Del.
Mrs. Booth, for the auxiliary, asked
for a sports committee from the
council to assist the boys of the
Young People's Club during the
summer months, also a committee
to work with the auxiliary to make
the May Day celebration i\success,
A social and dance would be held
the night of the 17th In memory of
the Paris Commune and In aid of
the defense fund. The bonds signed by the men on trial would be
raffled for that object. The report
was adopted, and the chair appointed Delegates Cox, Burroughs
and Adams as the sports committee to act for the auxiliary. The
May Day business was referred to
the executive.
W. Wicks for the Building Trades
Unit reported that the new unit
had held two well attended meet'
ings. It was reported that the
foreman on construction work at
the sawmill at Seal Cove was discriminating against union men.
One of their mombers had been
asked to take charge of a paint shop
temporarily. The two employees
were members oi internationals,
but the unit decided tto raise no
objection to him taking charge.
Commenting on the part of the report dealing with the'sawmill, Del.
Cann said that the health board
should have its attention drawn to
the Japanese bunkhouse at the
mill. It was overcrowded and badly ventilated. More attention was
given to the attitude of the foreman. It was stated that since he
had been, on the job he, had flred
about 26 union men. He now had
eight scabs ond four union men
working, and was in the habit of
asking new men if they belonged
to a union or not On one occasion
he had flred two'O. B. U. men but
had been presented with two more
of the same kind, A motion,
Burroughs-Wicks, that the Building Trades Unit be asked to appoint a committee to co-operate
with the international men to Interview the management with a
view to having the discrimination
against union .men stopped, passed;
alBo a motion instructing the assistant secretary to report the condition of the Japanese bunkhouse to
the ctty health authorities.
Del. Booth for the Fishpackers
reported that the preparatory negotiations for the establishment of a
board of arbitration for the wage
dispute at a standstill pending Ue
nomination of a chairman.
Discussion took place on the need
of a better system of accounting,
as far as the classification of the
membership of the various units
was concerned, the need of definite
Information at any time of the
strength of any unit not being
possible with the forms provided by
headquarters. Some of the criticism being apparently understood
to reflect upon himself, the secretary-treasurer handed In his resignation, but a motion that it be accepted could not flnd a seconder,
and a motion that it be not accepted passed unanimously. The opinion was generally endorsed that
the lack of detailed statistics was
the result of not having the proper
facilities for compiling them and
not due to any lack of attention on
the part of the secretary-treas. The
executive committee having already
taken up the" matter of getting
moro detailed Information available
to the membership the discussion
was dropped. Del. Cann suggested
that the Federatlonist report should
contain information as to the
statement of employment in Prince
Ruport for the benefit of any workers who might be thinking of coming up, and the suggestion was approved.
The letter from Bro. Mldgley re
the proposed assessment was then
taken up. Tho unanimous opinion
of the G. B. B. was stated to be that
it would not be advisable to Impose
an assessment on the membership
at the present time, and that the
problem of raising money, Tor the
defense must be left to ea& branch
ot the organization to decide tot
itself. Del. F. Shaw said that t
Metal Trades Unit had reported its
willingness to assess' the membership GO cents per month, and lt was
probable that" the Fishpackejts
would do likewise. Del. Allan suggested that the matter be discussed
at the genoral meeting to be held '
the following Sunday. The secretary treasurer said that any hope
of help from the International
unions was vain. They had turned
down many communications io
that effect, and experience in the
south was similar. International
officials had charged the defence
fund with maladministration, and
in spite of the fact that allegations
had been proved false, they still
continued the same tactics. The
matter was finally deferred for
conslderatlan at the next meoting.
The secretary-treasurer reported
that the rent was raised to $40 per
month. The whole building could
be had for $65 per month, the
council to make any alterations
desired at Its own expense; leasing
privileges for one year. The report
was referred to the building committee,
A letter of condolence was ordered sent to the widow of Bro.
Green, accidentally killed during
the week.
Adjournment was taken at 10:40
Labor Conditions at Prinoe Rupert
It is inadvisable for any man to
come up here on the chances of
getting satisfactory employment, as
work In the town, as far as the
building trades Is concerned, Is
slowing down. Full advantage has
been taken of the flne weather for
the best part of the winter to push
building operations, and the finish
is now in sight The dry dock is
operating under conditions that
are satisfactory to none of the employees. There is too much muscle
work needed, no carriers being installed, and there is no shelter for
the ship workers-In bad weather.
Contrasted with the yards to the
south, the arrangements are primitive. The unskilled labor .Is getting a starvation wage but no prospect of relief is available Until the
legal tangle over the control of the
dock Is settled. The sawmill at
Seal Cove is again operating, but as
seen from the proceedings bf the
C. L. C, it Is not a comfortable
place for a union man to unpack.
The Cold Storage employees have
their arbitration pending, and the
present wage the Fishpackers aro,
getting is barely sufficient'to meet
primal ne«jds. Taken altogether,
the conditions are not good, and
any Influx of wage workers at thia
time will make bettermen more
difficult to attain,
Queen Proves That Cards
Were Agreed Upon by
Council and Strikers
Socialist Party Severs; Its
Relations With Second
International ...
(By the Federated Press).
Stransbourg—Dealing the final
blow to the now deserted Second
International, but declining to join
the Third or Moscow International
the French Socialist Party at the
convention just closed here, has
followed the example of the Independent Socialist Party of Germany
tn their convention of Dec. 16,
For tactical and political reasons
somewhat similar to those behind
the step taken by the Independents
the party has evaded the direct
pronouncement of a communist
programme, while leaving the way
open for its development by a regime of political action and education of the masses. '
Very little opposition to the repudiation of the Second International was voiced by the delegates. The question of joining the Moscow Internationa;
proved not so simple, however. For
months the question of the open
affiliation with the Soviet form 'of
government has been the storm
centre of the Socialist pross, from
'left to right." A group for the
reconstruction of the Second International, led by Jean Longuet,
grandson of Karl Marx, gained
Home adherents.. The left wing
group led by Loriot, succeeded in
gaining the balance of power in
the Seine district, however, and a
few days before the convention the
Paris Socialist Federation voted
the Loriot programme, which called for the establishment of Soviets.
The Paria left wing group, Including Loriot, Pierre Renaudel,
Raymond Lefebre and others,
made a strong flght during tho
convention for unequivocal adherence to a communist platform. The
unified Socialists, led by such men
as Paul Faure, editor of the party
organ, L'Humanlte and L. O. Fros-
sard, secretary of the party, declared for repudiation, but were not
willing to advocate the immediate
adoption of communism. They
made a strong defense of political
action. (Most of the Socialist deputies in the chamber ur$ njbm
bers of the unified group.)     ,*\
Paul Faure warned against pre<
mature revolution, point litis ''> out
that in Italy, where the Socialist
Party was not only numerically
much stronger, but infinitely,,better unified and disclieilpiifl.tfbET
ter unified and disciplined,;, politi
cal action had been retained aa the
most effective means of education
and propaganda, and a revolution
had been postponed, &'***
Workers Can Do Ity p
The Bricklayers Union of Manchester, England, has secured the
co-operation of all the other unions
engaged in house building, and has
proposed to the Manchester council that the workers be given the
contract to build 2000 houses as
an experiment. They believe that,
working under their own leader*.,
responsible legally and financially
for the output, and with the "team
work" engendered by the knowledge that the whole return on the
project will go to the workers and
not to any contractor, they cnn do
more and better- work than any
private contractor. The Manchester council has accepted the offer
and awaits formal approval from
the British government
Patronize Federationist advertisers and tell them whv 1'ou do so.
Trueman Scores Crown
Counsel for Ignorance of
World Movements
The following telegraphic dispatch on the Winnipeg trials, which
should havt appeared in last week's
Issue, but which, owing to the
trouble In tha middle west with tha
wires, did not reach us until Friday
morning, after we had gone to
press, while a little late, will no
doubt bt very interesting reading,
to thost who have followed . the
trials as reportod ln tht Federatlonist.
Alderman John Queen, In continuing his address to tht jury, and
referring to tht General strike, said
There wasn't any camouflage
about what the men were striking
for, it was to establish tht principle
of collective bargaining."
Those Permits
Queen discussed how tht strike
permit cards were discussed ln tht
city council. "I am going to show
you that Mr. Andrews waa at that
meeting, representing tht citizens
committee," he said,
Mr. Andrews: "The evidence Is to
the contrary, my lord."
Queen: "I am surprised that Mr,
Andrews, being present when, these
cards were agreed on, would come
into this court and try to show that
the strikers were in control of the
'As the evidence shows, managers of bakeries and creameries were
there, and so was Mr. Andrews. It
was by that committee (a sub committee of the City Council, as well
as a sub committee of the strike
committee, but not of the strike
committee itself) that tht cards
were agreed upon.
"Mr. PurneU's evidence as the
preliminary hearing was read to
you in this trial. He was asked, ln
cross-examination, by Mr. McMurray: 'Were there citizens there
representing the Citizens Committee?'
"Answer: 'Mr. Boardwell and Mr.
Andrews.' Question: 'In what capacity were they there?* Answer
'I would say they were there representing the Citizens' Committee
on bread and milk deliveries.'"
"W. R. Milton, another large em
ployer, said he went down to the
lahor temple the next morning after
this city hall discussion, and got
these cards. He stated that it was
quite possible, the suggestion for
these cardB did come from himself.
"These are the cards Mr. Andrews plays up to you that the bakers and milk men, could only operate by permit of strike committee,
"Tou may think I feel a little
hot over this question. If you understood these cards the same as
Mr. Andrews understands them
you'd feel pretty hot, too."
Queen quoted from Vie remarks
made In City Council by Mayor
Gray regarding the issuance of the
strike cards and the fact that the
outside publlo misunderstood the
purpose for which the City Counoll
and the strike sub-committee had
had them Issued.
Andrews* Ambition
"Tht mayor would say ht felt
council's plans might be misunderstood by the outside public and yet
we have a crown counsel who would
sit in that City Council and see the
arrangements made for these cards.
Yot he will come into this court
and try to socure a conviction on
seditious conspiracy. If a man will
do that, is there anything he will
stop at to accomplish his ends."
The speaker then quoted a strike
committeo declaration, pointing out
that he was willing to havt the
cards withdrawn.
"It is now evident to you that
there were men coming around to
the City" Council who seemed very
much interested in these publlo
questions, but that they were there
for a sinister purpose. Mr. Andrews didn't tell you he was at that
time trying to have himself appointed a deputy minister of justice."
Objection was then made by defendants to the lengthy court session. Mr. Bonnar made spirited objection,
Bonnar's Retort
"This dofense, Instead of calling
200 witnossos and keeping on here
until May, has been ten times more
considerate than crown counsel,"
he said.
"It Is not your place to slink out
of court and leavo your clients,"
Judge Metcalfe shouted.
"My lord, I'm neither a slink nor
a coward," was Mr. Bonnar's retort.
Queen explained that he spent
an hour getting home after the
court adjourned, and another hour
returning In. the morning. The
Rev. Wm. Ivens, another of the defendants, pointed out that his wife
was sick In bed for a week, and
two of his children HI, and that he
had not slept for three nights.
"It Is hard to stand It from nine
o'clock In the morning until 10:30
o'clock at night." he said. Wm. A.
Prltchard explained that tired men
are apt to repeat themselves. Mr.
Andrews said he realized the strain
on any speaker of such long sessions. To which Mr. Bonnar replied, "Especially whon my learned
friend got an adjournment at Ave
o'clock when he was speaking/"
Ti'ueman's Address
Crown counsel told you that the
Walker theatre and Majestic the
atro meetings were seditious, and
that steps leading up to tho formation of the One Big Union wore also
seditious, that literature found in
the One Big Union bulletin and
ln the Socialist bulletin, and also
that the general strike Itself was
unlawful and seditious,"
Mr. Trueman said In opening his
address, Tuesday:
"He wants to tell you that all
Um a-,**-**-* mom connected with.
and responsible for all tht acts ln
the strike.
"Tbis case Is engaging t\e attention of all Canada, lt Is engaging
tha minds of great sections of people, not only in the motherland,
but of tht United States. Mr. Andrews was not anxious over feeling
a desire to allow the facts to tell
the story, but to marshal and array the facts so, that they might
support the crown's own theory.
But If you separate thom one from
the other you wlU flnd them appear
"We flnd tht case of tht crown
bogus in its effort and very elaborate staged effort to frighten us in
this case.
The Inward Mind
"Now we come to a remark made
by Mr. Prltchard, one of the accused, in early days of this case,"
Mr. Trueman continued. "He made
the remark that he hadn't much
use for lawyers because they had
'Inward minds.' He Is right, lf he
means their ignorance of great
world movements.
Lawyers Uke to keep things as
they are—they art familiar with
them. In the schemo bf things as
they are — some lawyers have
amassed as much of the good things
of life as tho capitalists."
Htrt Judge Metcalfe made his
first inttrruptlon: "I don't mind
telling you that lawyers art not
In the indictment here," he said.
Mr. Trueman: "I wanted to show
about tht views of different people."
Judge Metcalfe: "I will not allow you to speak further about
Mr. Trueman: "I was going to
take my own case—"
Judge Metcalfe (shaking hit
head): "No, you stop right here."
Mr. Trueman then endeavored
to explain the Russian situation.
Judge Metcalfe; "We're not concerned with the Russian peasant"
"Mr, Trueman: "How can you understand what my argument is unless you let me proceed?"
Judge Metcalfe: "You're not going to deal with tht Russian peasant"
Mr. Trueman: "I was endeavoring to show that tht Bolsheviki—"
Judge Metcalfe: "When X tell
you, proceed, proceed."
Judge Metcalfe, a moment later:
"Don't talk back, unless you proceed you may be sorry."
Mr. Trueman: "I desire to refer
to the Russian peasant because tht
Russian situation bas been put so
much into this case, and an effort
made to prejudice you because of
tht sympathy of the accused for
the Russian peasant Revolution in
Russia could not be carried on by
the ballot and constitutional means.
Their revolution came to a head in
a great, paroxism—I forebear to
pronounce any judgment of what
has taken' place in Russia^ It may
be we have' the truth and it may
be the truth has not boen told to
us. It may be that some day lt
will'be found that it waa a great
deliverance for the people of Russia just as the revolution of 1789
was for the French.
Want of Sympathy
"My learned friend (Andrews)
condemns the ust of the words
'wage slaves' by Russell or someone
else, Workingmen are bound to a
system which gives them nothing
but thetr wages. It is not enough
In society as it constituted today
men must have hope. I tell you
that you are standing at the thresh-
hold of a question of great Interest Mr. Andrews says the workers get good clothing and wages.
And asked 'Are they not treated
better than any other workers in
the world?' I say that does not moet
the arguments of thoughtful men
alive to the ■questions of today.
"He shows an utter want of sym
pa thy with labor and the labor
problem which comes before you
in this case."
Dense Ignorance
'I can see the point of view of
tho laboring man today aa I could
not a couple of months ago, I ask
you to hold yourself in a position
of open minds until all Is heard.
A large part of the difficulty the
accused are experiencing In this
case—I do.not hesitate to say lt—
the dense Ignorance shown by
the crown in this discussion. It is
not for us to be seized with alarm
because an attack Is being made
on the capitalistic system."
Trueman said a great world
movement and not certain individuals art on trial.
I don't thing I can treat him
any rougher than I am doing now
unless I throw him out of this
court," Judge Metcalfe shouted at
one stage df the proceedings. Mr.
Andrews protested that Mr. True-
man was entering on certain matters not already put before the jury
In evidence.
At another stage Judge Metcalfe
asked Mr. Trueman lf he had gone
crazy. Defense lawyer merely continued on his way, endeavoring to
put before the jury Information he
thought they should have.
Mr. Trueman made an Impassioned plea for freedom of speech
and press in Canada.
Now's the time to comt to a
showdown and I believe lt wtll to
take lt before a Canadian jury
right now," he declared In replying
to crown lawyer's declaration that
resolutions demanding the lifting
of tht censorship, passed at the
Walker theatre meeting, were seditious. '
"If that censorship was a good
thing while tht war was on, lt
came to an end for all practical
purposes on November 11 and these
men were asking, on the following
March IB, that this censorsliip be
brought to an end.
"Something never permitted, in
times of peace, Is for a government
to say what may or may not be,
That was the grievance these men
had. That was a right that was bs-
interfered with by the censorship
established by the Dominion Government, and continued after, tho
war came to an end. Sometimes
the people don't know their rights
under the constitution, but if they
had a better knowledge of their
rights they would resent interference. These men were bestow-
In'g a benefit on Canada by protecting it against a continuance of the
Impassioned Plea for Freedom
"I glvt my entire approval to
the editor of the Western Labor
News (Rev. Wm. Ivens), one of the
accused, when tie said he would not
allow himself to be gagged by the
government ln the discussion of the
terms of the peace treaty," Mr.
Trueman   declared,   after   quoting
..March St, 19zf
Rare Economy
—for ladle, who associate Easter wltb beautiful cloOuti
in these exceptional Famous offerings.
$25 to $32.50
Silk dreBBei,  in Fashion1. BmartMt .had.., which accontuat. th. eaarm
et young womanhood.  Created with .killid caro lor d.tall—anperlor quutr
ol material—Sisea 14 to 20. ,    '
Exceptional value, at
$25 to $27.50
In tan shades—beautifully tailored—tho choico bargain thla season.
A .mart combination of tho practical and distinctive—th. perfect costnnu
whioh alone completes th. Easter wardrobe ot discriminating women,
Near OranvUlt
from an article prlntod ln tb. labor
paper defying the censor.
Mr. Andrews objected to Mr.
Trueman's criticism of th. censorship, to which Mr. Trueman replied:
'I do not take these orders-in-
council as serious as my learned
friend. I think the censorship was
absolutely vicious after th. war.
If I had been editor of that paper
I would hav. taken tk* same
Judge Metcalfe: "I can't sit aad
hear defiance of the law."
Mr, Trueman: "I said It I were
Judge Metcalfe: "You're sitting
her. as counsel."
Held Social Last Week—WUl Go
to Capilano Park for Plt-nlo
on Good Friday
Members and friends of the Junior Labor League, had a pleasant
soeial evening at the regular
monthly social meeting of the
League last Friday, when a programme consisting of recitations,
vocal and instrumental selections,
was run off, after which a number
of games were played until time
for leaving was announced. It was
decided to ask the members of the
Labor sohool to join with the
League on its picnic to Capilano
Park on Good Friday. Those intending to "go with the bunch" to
Capilano Park will meet at the
North Vancouver ferry at 10 a.m.
Any further information can be obtained by phoning Fairmont 1610,
or 1423.
The Ontario annual provincial
convention of the Independent labor
party will ba held in London on
Good Friday, April 2nd and the following Saturday, The London
branch of tho I. L. P. has appointed
a committee to make the necessary
arrangements for the building of
the convention. ,N
London—A revolt htte broken out
among several units of the Japanese
troops In Siberia, nrrording to a
wireless desputch Bent out by the
soviet government at Moscow. The
soldiers ripped off their shoulder
straps and substituted red straps,
the despatch says.
Put a one-cent stamp  on this
paper and mall It to a friend.
Eyes and
ETE disturbances, particularly those affecting tha
nerve centres, have been traced by physicians directly to
defective teeth. Pus, exuding
from decaying teeth, either
into the mouth, to be carried
to the digestice tract, or Into
the lymph channels and blood
vessels, Is a deadly poison
and goes directly to the brain.
It lifts Ions beon noticed thst tht
eyes begin to fail, almost slmul*
taucously with falling teoth. II
did not require mueh research to
flnd that the cnuse waa pua travel*
ling to nerve centres. Many eye
afflictions aro now knows to be to
decaying teeth.
The wholesome mouth Is tht belt
protection against invading b»f
Dr. Lowe
Pin. Dentistry
Oppoilt* WoDdwird's
net. ley. MM
Guaranteed Coal
If onr coal ia not satis-
factory to you, after you
have thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
ooal is left and charge yoa
nothing for what you havs
You to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 1441 and tat
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furniture CaLtd.
What about renewing your iubt
US Nonalcokollc wlu* •* SB
Labor Power Regenerated
—at the—;
Meals of the Best—Priees
P. Gibb
67 Cordova St. W.
Near the Loggers' Hall
FboB. S.ymour 7168
TMld  Hoof,   World  Buildi»fc   Vu-
cou.ar, B. O.
. a .Ji «h»» r*****&___E!_t * "^
••«»  MISTIH UW11
•tuiuimo teatSStSot to. rmnr
etiB hjiusmkc co, utnirtt-* *«*. um es
ten vet ■> wt. ***** w*
THESE flne Spring days mak. you want to set out doors and
enjoy yourselves.
Whether you or. a disciple of Isaao Walton or a baseball enthusiast, we are here to take care of your every need. We havs
the largest stock of high-grade fishing tackle and sporting goods
ln Brltisk Columbia, all moderately priced.
j        TBE 0. B.
van or ihb o. b, v.
$2.00 PER YEAR
News of the Lumber Workers Industrial Unit of the O.B.U.
,50,000 in 1920;
The men engaged ln th. lumber
industry at Hanson's Camp at Car.
dero Channel hav. forwarded
If4.50 towards the defense fund.
Mainland Cedar, Camp 1
The following demands have been
presented to the  company  which
were turned down at tbe time.
1. Eight-hour day for engineers
at present rate of wages, otherwise
put on an extra man to Sre up,
or supply some method ot riding to
and from work.
2. The top bunks removed;
blankets, sheets and pillows to be
furnished, same to be washed weekly; also men's clothes.
3. Adequate wash and dry house,
also sanitary bath house, to be in
relation to number of mon em
i. All enamelware utensils to be
withdrawn, and replaced with
6. Minimum wage to be $5.60
per day, or association scale it
«. Semi-monthly pay ln cash or
when a man quits sufflclent cash
to get t* town, not less than 110.
7. No discrimination.
The men then went   on   strike.
After 16 days the company con
ceded all demands, to be enforced
at, once with the exception of the
bunk houses. Three new bunk
kouses to be built within to days.
If that is not complied with the
camp will be out on strike again,
In the meanwhile these demands
•nd promises by the company are
to be Inserted ln the Federatlonist
for the next eight weeks, where all
members can see it. If promises
have been fulfilled lt ahall b. inserted for an additional two weeks.
This has been approved by the
strikers of Port Neville.
Beach Oamp
Camp conditions very good; new
eamp, first-class dining room and
good cook; company supplies good
food. Company came through'
with the demands of the men for
blankets and sheets. Some sleeping
quartors have been ln operation for
some time. All the men are satis.
Sed. DEL. 27.
Request from Ram Island asking
for the provincial authorities to be
soiled to Inspect the camp, No signature to this letter and the owner
or Its number was not mentioned,
consequently are unable to carry
eut the request.
Cathcls * Sorenson'. Oamp
This camp, tn so far as the grub
Is concerned, O. K, but otherwise It
runs pretty much to haywire. Approximately one mile and a quarter
to walk to work, four times a day,
en the men's own time. Three
tuckers behind a set of fallers.
Practically worse than the contract
system for the fallers. No timber
down at present. The main line
and haul back tangled up with the
fallers and buckers. No dry hpuse;
bath house Is nothing but a Joke,
an Imatation one. In regards to
the men working ln this camp tke
majority of them have got that
slogan, "let George do It."
The men in Camp 6, Port Alice,
contributed $202 to the defense
fund. AH of them came through
with a day'a pay.
Lapen Logging Company
This letter Is written at the request of the boys ln general of this
I have only been In the woods a
few years and do not intend to try
and show older hands their place,
but I Just want to mention the fact
tbat there Is a great percentage of
members who are really doing more
harm to themselves and to the organisation than they think they
are; In fact they are playing right
into the employers' hands by going
to town and blowing their Mak. In
a few days. In ordinary times such
conduct ts Just forcing them to take
the first Job offered th.m, once
they are broke. If th. said stake
was spent moderately on good manly amusements the individual could
enjoy a few weeks or months in
town and get tho rest needed.
By us all doing the ume we
would not only be making better
men of ourselves but would be
more Independent of the boss logger. When you quit a Job a great
many employers will Just say to
themselves. "He'll be broke and ln
the woods again In a few days."
What la the matter with us? Surely any man who ever stops and
thinks at all must realise that lf
we don't keep a dollar in our pock-
'cts that we are In no shapo to stand
out and dictate terms to our employer.
I would strongly recommend
that the boys in all the camps
take up and get Into action some
forms of amusement in town so
that the lumbermen who are on
vacation can enjoy themselves at
something that will get them acquainted with others than hotel-
keepers and bootleggers. I think
that lumbermen's dances, whist
drives, picnics/ excursions, etc.,
would appeal to the public and
could be handled in such a way
that we could all get nicely acquainted and nave a good time. I
am sure such functions would also
add to our treasury, and would be
killing two birds with one stone.
S. E. O.
Larson's Camp
Cook house good, water good.
Large bunk houses with throe half-
windows, which are never cleaned.
Ten men to a bunkhouse, single
beds and mattresses. Bunkhouse
In filthy condition, never cleaned.
Shake bath house with rusty tub,
very unsatisfactory. Pigs running
loose around. Toilet less than 50
feet from bunkhouse. Rigging old
and rotten. Men valuing their
health and limbs are advised to
keep away from this outfit
Barber A Crawford Camp
Seventeen miles from Squamlsh,
stage 12, walk 5; logs and shingle
bolts. Camp Just starting up; nine
men ln camp, ten more expected.
Now camp, double decker bunks,
no bath house; ,no toilet; cook
sleeps In the cook house, wash in
the river (no wash basin.) Oood
food, but poor cook; (1.60 for
board, 8 hours on tho Job. Boss
opposed to union; four million feet
to be got out.
CHASE, B. C.    .
I have been working f.ir the
Adams River Lumber Co. at Chase
for four, days; the camp and the
grub are on the bum. Any man
that calls himself a union man gets
short shift. The men get up at 6
o'clock and go to work at 6:40 a.m.
Walk about two miles and work
until 11:30, walk all the way back
and go out again at 12:90, work
until 5:30, and they call that nine
hours. For or fivo men are lying
around the camp sick; two men
stayed ln sick and were told by the
boss to go to work or get out of
camp. Both are union men, so
they quit, and the boss told them
to go to the hospital, but when they
got to the mill they were told they
could not go ln the hospital becauso they were not ln the employ
of the company. Both men are
broke, and will have to walk out of
this place. The camp is on the
Adams River, and to get here a
man has to walk about 10 miles.
It is a horse camp, and the barn is
close to the bunk house; horses and
pigs run all over, and it looks more
like a dung heap than a camp.
Scab Is the order of the day in
this place, and they do not want
union men; they are trying to get
men in Vancouver. A man by the
name of Coif does the hiring for
this place.   Union men, be wise,
February Statement
Dues  t 470.00
Pees •..$   27.00
Delegate's remittance  $760.85
Less commission  $59.60
Less expenses  80.40  .
O. B. U. Card         1.25
O. B, TJ. Buttons       37.20
District fund         26.60
Refund strike expenses     101.00
Defense fund         1.00 •*"
Allowance on torn bill  90
Balance on hand January 81   1416.94
Wages     227.00
Telephone account	
Postage    ,..,,	
Cranbrook Courier 	
Olllce supplies	
Telegrams, cartage, etc	
A. MacNell, retaining fee	
Hospital patients 	
Strike expense	
Remitted to headquarters	
Balance on hand February 29
- 63.75
February Statement .
Dues $ 364.00
Fees       56.00
Delegate's remittance $1329.09
Less commission  '....$123.50
Less expenses     34.11
District members ■.        8.00
Winnipeg defense fund '      48.00
O. B. U. Buttons       66.30
O. B. U. Folders 76
Advance from headquarters -     525.00
Balance on hand January 31   1414.39
Wages  ,	
Office supplies 	
Organisation expenses	
Advance to Cobalt district	
Advance to Port Arthur district i..
Remitted to headquarters	
Balance on hand February 20 	
The following cards are in 'the
ofllce awaiting the address ot the
A235, Jacob Anderson, FGB55,
J. Bourgon, RB17, Wm. Ballan-
tyne, C161, A. Christie, E62, J. H.
Erickson, F155, P. Flannigan,
Hough, 34494, W. C. Kennyy,
RF10, Jas. Fergusson, RG7, H.
Gilbert, H81$, Arthur Hendrickson, RH3, W. J. Hope, RH29, Chas.
K287, D. Krlstopher, RMC13, W.
McKenzle, RMcl4, Aley. McPherson, RM1, Roman Manchul, N193,
RN11, Irving F. Neil, 19336, Chas.
Nordlund, P263, Nick Pyreok,
RR14, W. O. Routledgc, 2974, And.
Snellman, T155, John Tracks,
34401, Dave Wowk, W128, Axel
Wretllng, Rz2, Wm. Zachary.
Camp S
Contributed $202 for the defense
Sutlcy Timber Oompany, Williams'
Camp No. 1
There was an Item appearing In
The Federatlonist, March 12th, In
regard to camp conditions at Deep
Harbor. The members would like
to contradict this statement. There
was a meeting called, delegate and
all members present, and It was
earriod unanimously to have tbls
letter published, contradicting thc
previous report in The Federationist.
There are two carpenters fixing
Cranbrook, B. 0 ..J. H. Thompion....Box 18
Kamloops, B. 0 J. L. Peterson Bos 812
3 Victoria St.
Merritt, B. 0 Andrew Dickie...... Box 8
Nelson, B. 0 JB. Mutch „Box 197
Meetings are held In the O. B. U. Hall, Baker Street,
Nelson, on the flrst and 3rd Sunday of each month at
3 p.m.
Princeton, B. C	
Fringe Oeorge, B.O.
Prince Rupert, B.O,
Victoria, B. 0	
Edmonton, Alta	
Prince Albert, Sask,
Sudbury, Ont	
Port Arthur,, Ont...
Fort Francis, Ont...
Cobalt, Ont.
..R. S. Baxter Box B
J. Stevenson Drawer 20
..J. H. Burrough ....Box 833
JS. Waterson 1424 Gov't Street
...0. Berg 10333-lOlst St. E.
..Oeo. Tether 108-8th St. E.
..T. Mellows Box 600
Sudbury Hotel
-O. Anderson 281 Bay Street
..T. Mace .....Box 390
Webster HaU
..W. Cowan ..95 tug Si
February Statement
Dues   $117.00
Fees      ;,00
Delegate's remittance  $379.60
Less commission  $25.50
Less expenses -..,.    1.15
 —   21.65
District members -.    41.00
O. B. U. Folders       2.00
O. B. U. Buttons      13.20
Refund on advance to J. Stevenson      17.85
Balance on hand January 31  424.76
, w  $975.66
Wages $171.60
Organization -.    45.50
Light      4.80
Postage     10.00
Sick relief        1.15
Literature     10.32
Office supplies        2.30
Equipment, office scales  '      3.00
Balance on hand February 29  726.59
Statement for December to February, lilt
Dues .- -. $862.
Fees     20.
Delegate's remittance .$190.00
Less commission t..   25.00
Chase strike collections ..-. '. .i 262,
Balance December 20     47.
Wages  <	
Rent or offices and chairs	
Telephone and telegrams	
Ofllce supplies "	
Remitted to Chase for strike ...
Balance on hand February 29
. 800.00
. 54.00
. 20.80
. 10.60
. 9.00
. 5.80
. 146.30
. 30.50
. 252.00
. 18.20
Statement for February
Dues $ 41.00
Fees   *     6.00
Delegates' remittance  .■ $150.50
Less commission  -..." $14.00
Less expenses •     1.18
Balance on hand January 31  476.00
District members .
O. B. U. Buttons .
Wages $160.00
Rent    16.00
, Heating         9.50
I Light account • •. •       .60
Stamps        9.90
Literature .'...•     22.00
Organization        2.50
Remitted to headquarters    260.00
Balance on hand February 29   196.27
Statement for November to February, 1S20
Dues  $1034.00
Fees         83.00
District members       29.00
Delegate's remittance $4066.75
.'ommisslon $318.60
ss expenses       3.74
Literature sold 	
. O. B. U. Folders sold
- O. B. U. Buttons sold
Wages $1136.00
Light account  4.00
Kent   80.00
Telephone  16.00
Equipment, filing cases, scales, etc  18.35
Office furniture  66.30
Heating  44.70
Printing circulars, etc.  84.50
Literature  76.24
Organization expenses  ;  1056.50
Cash remitted to Fort Frances  109.60
Central Labor Council i  28.00
Auditor's fee   45.00
H. Bryan, expenses to Vancouver convention ....... 144.40
Ofllce supplies   i  85.25
Postage    65.66
Telegrams  24.91
Express on supplies  9.60
Janitor supplies  6.66
Henrlson funeral i >   4.00
O. B. U. Buttons  ...:  31.50
Convention expenses  147.50
Remitted to headquartera  1329.50
Balance on hand February 29 ..->-...:.    416.90
up the camp, putting up wash and
bath houses, and fixing up the bunk
houses. They had considerable
trouble getting lumber here. In
regard to water. It Is about as good
as can be got in this cedar country, and wages are considerably
higher than mentioned In the
paper. The cook houso Is No. 1,
the cook is a good one. There is
lots of good grub ln the camp, and
the men are perfectly satisfied.
The men working at McCarter,
Laufman & Housley camp at Car-
rlden Bay, have contributed teh
following sums to the deefnee
W. T. Moore, $5; L. Hartlln, $5;
Lloyd Shlrkcy, $5; R. Reece, $6;
G. Anderson, $6; W. Anderson, $5;
W. Mavo, $6; Joe Glngras, $5; Ernest Gigllo, $6; M. Freeman, $5;
Wm. Matson, $6; J. H. Wilson, $6;
M. Woodman, $5; A. Methven, $2;
John Cook, $6; H. Kepp, $2; E.
Cowman, $2; M. Couhln, $6; J.
Wllktoun, $5; W. D. Rattlgan, $2;
H. K. Alnved, $5; L. Bart, $5; C.
Travers. $5; W. J. Welsh, $5; D.
Jlmster, $6; N. Toizign, $6; A. Lab-
erogkl $6; H. Murdock, $5; Wm.
Moore, $6; Fred Cardlval, $2; A.
Peeling, $2; Joe Morln, $2; Frank
Graven, $5.   Total, $144.
The Shevlln Clarke Co., ot Fort
Frances, have raised wagos 50c all
round for common labor. Tho A.
F. of L. le dickering for 8 hours.
Bosses don't fear them, but don't
like O. B, U. Offer to pay men for
10-hour day minimum $6. to be
paid In United States currency. Exchange in employeos' favor of 10 to
12 per cent. (We are Unltod States
line here.) Say they will close all
or part of mills rather than give 8
hours. This, of courso, Is bunk.
They offered to pay men In camps
with United States cheques If they
ift'.ayed to end of Beason (1. e.,
spring.) But they are paying off
In Canadian money, This 10 or 12
per cont, looks like a raise In pay.
For a time It Is, but It must be remembered that th. exchange '.ate
Is abnormal at present, and will
probably drop, If not to nothing,
at least considerably, In whloh case
the apparent 10 or It per cent,
raise in wages haa disappeared.
That U to say, the wages of tho
workers will automatically be lowered. Batter by tar get a 50c raise
In Canadian money than this uncertain arrangement,   .
Result of Convention Proceedings Referendum
No Question
No Question
E. Winch
G. A. Clarke
W. Cowan
E. R. Fay
R. Higgins
M. J. Keane
W. J. Labell
G. Lamont
6. Manley
R. McKay
H. W. McKnlght
J. McLaughlan
The Following Appeal Has Been Sent In
From District No. 1, Mining Unit,
O.B.U., Taber, Alta.
COMRADES: District No. 1 Mining Department of the
One Big Union are appealing tor funds to help the miners
of Bellevue, Alta., who have been locked ont by the West
Canadian Collieries Co. who are insisting with the assistance of the Minister of Labor, that our men sign the International United Mine Workers check-off form, which
gives the coal eompany power to deduct a certain amount
of money from the wages of our men, this money to be
eent by the coal company to the office of the United Mine
Workers, in Calgary, and from there to Indianapolis,
Indiana, U. S. A. wo will flght thc signing of this checkoff to a finish in this district, no Minister of Labor will
be allowed to force our men into any organization against
 ^We demand the right of self-determination, the
**--^ to any organization, so long as that organ-
t the jurisdiction of thc laws of this coun-
I you for funds to help us win this flght
' 1 in this camp, wc have the Inter-
i district, they have spent $230,000,
jig to hold this district, with the as-
find government stool pigeons.
to Kqd. McDonald, Blairmore,
of the One Big Union,
One Short Whistle
When line is at rest In woods,
means full speed ahead.
When line I. at .par tree, means
aend out one choker.
When line is at full speed ahead,
•r coming back, er back slow, lt
means to stop.
When line Is at ahead .low, lt
means to stop and hold.
When straw line Is out, it means
ahead on straw line.
When blown by engineor after
getting a signal, It means trouble
at donkey.
Tivo Short Whistles
Whon  line  Is  at  rest,  at  full
apeed ahead, or coming back
slowly, means full speed back.
When line Is going ahead .low,
means full speed ahead.
Two Short Repeated
When line Is ln woods, means
back slowly.
When line Is at spar tree, means
send two chokers.
Three Short Whistle.
When line is ln woods, means
ahead slowly.
When line Is at spar tree, means
■end out tones or straw line,
Four Short Whistles
Means slack the main line; followed Immediately 2 moons back
and alack main.
Five Short Whistles
Meana slock the haulback; followed Immediately by 1, means ahead
and alack haulback.
Indefinite   Short   Whistle.
Means slack both tines.
Three Short and Tno Short
Means to tight line.
Note—This last should really bc
reversed as, If given a little slowly, engineer Is liable to go ahead
slowly on the 1st three, and on
gottlng the last two, to full speed
causing confusion and maybe In-
Port Arthur District, Ontario
Warning Is hereby given that
men are shipped from Port Arthur
to Nlplgon for Kerrigan & Cough-
Itn, for monthly work and monthly
wages. When arriving on thc Job
thoy are forced to do contract
work—no other work there.
By ordor of Del. J. 8. K.
Re Gemini Lumber Company
The lawyers ask for the present
addresses of Anton Andorson, N,
Colby, A. Duncan, J. Hendrickson,
Inao Henderson, J. Hagberg, L. C.
Loper, C, Olson, J. Strong, J. Sene-
From Snudbnry District, Ont.
Contributions of $6 each: Anton
Salo.    ~
Contributions for $2.50 each:
Victor Kansas, Hllma Kangas.
Contributions for $2 each: A.
Burta, Jussi Toumla, Victoria Bep-
panen, Jacob Maepoa, Raymond
DeBrynesher, John Kytola, Sam
Scott.  N. Carfield.
Contributions for $1 each: William Ellasson, E, Kalllo, Otto
Mackle, Jack Pelto, Vie Haopa-
maa, Axel Hedln, Otto Rlmml.
From Sault Ste. Marie, Ont.,
through Del. John Btahlberg. Contributions of $5 each: Jalmar
Contributions of $2 each: Elnar
Hantala, John Hill, Mr. Lampl-
ene, Kassu Tervo.
A successful dance was held by
the members at Sault Ste. Marie,
Ont. The total amount realized
woe $102.37, which amount has
been remitted by Fellow Worker
Carl K. Hakola.
Fred Vllta's camp, A. C. R. Mile
232, amount remitted by Del.
Vaino Green, $27.60. Amount previously sent In, $69.
Total amount of contrlbuptlons,
Contributions   for  Winnipeg  Defense Fund ftom Ontario
A. C. R. Mile 252 U Norrls, Ont.,
by Evert Makl. Contributions of
$2 each as follows:
Evert Makl, Kusti Linden, John
Burke, Victor Seppanen.
Contributions of $1 each: Fridjof
Seppanen, Sluo Johnson, John
Hakkanen, Heikkl Haanpaa, Mattl
Rlepas, Kalle Kesklnen, Murdock
McLeod, Martha Lalne, A.
Shwauk, S. Dyneseuk.
Sudbury, Ont.—By A. Spina
A. Spina contributed 50 cents,
and Jack Tosson $1.   Contribution
of $3, W. Jones.
Contributions of $1 each as follows: Pet Plytka, Carlo Rosa, H.
Contribution of 76 cents, Peter
Contributions of 50 cents each as
follows:   Andrew   Semnlck,   John
Donate, Efrcw Temlchuk.
A. C. R. Mile 154, via Soo, Ont
By Emil Varmane
Contributions ot $5 each: Emil
Varmane, Alex. Varmane, Jalmar
Ahlsten, Frank Jarvenpaa, Arthur
Suominen, Arvld, Anttlla, Evert
Ketola, Emil Makl, Kusti Lahtl,
Anton Makk, Laurl Lahtl, John
Ulback, Ivar Halme, Erik Antlo,
Jalmar Lake.
Contribution et $4, Kalle Kar-
Contributions of $3 each: Oscar
Henno, Antton Rajala, Matt Etela.
Contributions of $8 each: Henry
Selln, Axel Eden, Chas. Olson, Otto
Elvagen, John Runta, Herman
Maki, Axel Selin, Isak Loytava,
Erik Korpi, Emil Minkkinen, Rlsto
Hyvonen, Nestor Kauppl, Eino
Pelkola, G. Gronlund, Emil Val-
kama, Robert Helmlssaarl.
Contributions of $1 each: Alex.
Llmsten, Iska Klvcla, Tom Salmi,
Herman Lehto, Frank Lund, O.
Lamml, Victor Maklnen, Jalmar
Tuoml, Albln Lahtl, Evert Jalllno-
Ja, Kusti Lahto, Valno Karhu, Is-
ack Panttila, Alex. Hill, K. Husu,
F. Ranta, Jack Wenna, W, Gronlund, M. Nevala, Kust Aarnlo,
Kllda Woutlla, Tilda Aarnlo, N.
Pulsto, K. Slllanpaa, Emil Alonen,
Kla Koski, Henry Hletancn, Juho
Ramo, Oscar Koski.
A few weeks ago a packet was
sent from Edmonton to F. C. Noel,
Sawrldge, Alta. The packet contained privato matter and was registered. In the package was a number of membership cards In the
O. B, U. It was opened In transit
by a provincial policeman, for many
ot the small poslmastors lend themselves to tho abuse of the mails.
The policeman sent the package
back to Its sender; had It not been
registered probably nothing more
would ever have been heard of It.
To Bhow the furthor prostitution of
the provincial police department
the same omcer then went Into tho
camp at Sawrldge and flred Noel
without even calling on tho boBS.
Mayor Joe Clarke of Edmonton
Is one of the fow mayors In Canada who Ib not completely cowed by
the big Interests. He heard of the
matter and took It up with Ottawa.
We are allowed to publish the
statement sent by tho Deputy Postmaster General to Mayor Clarke,
dated Fobrunry 25th, 1020:
"On the reception or your
letter the post offlco Inspector
at Edmonton was immediately
Instructed by wire to furnish a
r . ort in the case and for this
purpose a visit was made to
Sawrldge by a member of tho
Inspector's staff. It happens
that the packet was opened by
a member of tho Alberta prov
incial police without the knowledge or consent of the post
offlce department The attention of the superintendent ef
provincial police, Edmonton,
has been directed to the flagrant abuse of authority on th.
port of the police offlcer at
Sawrldge and he has been asked to give the department his
assurance that thla practice will
cease at once." ■
The request that "thla practice
will cease at once" is mild, very
mild. What would happen to any
one connected with a labor organization if they tampered with
the malls? Will Premier Stewart
ot Alberta, and the Attorney-General of the province allow thl.
"flagrant abuse of authority" to
pass unnoticed? The matter haa
been drawn to the attention of Hon.
John R. Boyle, Attorney-General,
but whether or not It will receiv.
any more than a promise of hla
"attention" w. can only conjecture.
All over the provincial police are
being used In an attempt to
frighten the foreigners" by telling
them that the O. B. U. Is an Illegal
organization and that all literature
pertaining thereof is banned. Outrageous falsehoods are being uttered by these "preservers of law and
order." If the provincial po!lc*o
were one hundredth part aB assiduous In their endeavors to carry
out the laws ot the government of
the province as they are to obey the
instructions of the "Invisible government" much good might be accomplished and a part of the torrent of rotten booze that Is now allowed to flood the mining campa
and other parts of the province
might be checked.
Fellow Workers—Is it not about
time we got some benefits from
our association with the L. W. I.
U.7 In regards to the 8-hour day
and a minimum wage for cook,
and their helpers, or are we satis-
fled to keep on grinding away anywhere from 12 to 14 houra a day,
7 days a week and as many days
as there are on the calendar for-a
month. When do we awake? We
know that we are one of the.
most vital units ln any camp, yet
here we are still working for the
same wages, practically, that we
got five years ago. What Is the
reason that kitchen mechanics
can not get together and demand
human working conditions? We
might as well be dead as keep on
In the same old rut What Is our
present dally schedule? Arise at
5:30 a.m., and kick the boll until
7 p.m., with probably one hour
rest ln the afternoon, lf you are
lucky. With nothing to look forward to until such time as you get
worn out, and then you have to
quit your Job in order to recuperate your mind and body, in order
to continuo the struggle for existence. Our fellow worker.-), tho
cooks and waiters, have conditions
ln the city to their advantage, why
not us ln the camps? Is it that
we'aro not human beings or some
sort of a domestic machine. (We
never miss tho water until the well
runs dry.) They say a man works
on his stomach. Well what Is the
matter with getting living condl-
tlons for the men who try to
koer this organ In a full and itood
working condition. Can it bc that
our fellow workers in camp are
only Interested with their three
squares a day, or have they got a
"real" Interest in tho welfare of
the kitchen staff. I would like to
hear from a few more kitchen
slaves with a view to somo rapid
futuro action on this matter. We
havo nothing to lose, as cooks
don't grow on trees that are capable of filling the bill In a logging
camp, so let us get together and
aot an early date for the change
to tako place. Now, what about
I am with you for a better future, sixteen years a tramp cook.
P. 8.—Since writing this, I have
the endorsatlon of tho 100 per
cent, camp that I am employed In.
More Defense Contributions
Members at Cnmp 6, Port Alice,
$202; Camp 2, Thompson Sound,
$67.60; Camp 4, Myrtle Point, tl28>
Hommlngsen's Camp, Cowichan
Lake, $87.90; miscellaneous contributions, $38.    Tolul $523.40.
Will J. J. Golden fiend his own
or Stringer's address lo headquarters.
Fellow-worker J. A. Henrlkson of
Port Arthur district died reeently
from Influenza.
Del. Melvln Johnson and nn.ither
man were killed at Ducks, B. C,
on Mnrch lath.
Wanted—Address of John Klopp,
K38C. Anyone knowing same please
forwnrd Information to Vancouver
$6 Camps ■%■ Mills $5
Enforce the Laws! ?AGE FOUR
twelfth year. no. u    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST      vancouveb, b. o.
FRIDAY March 39, 1929
THE at F
Published every Friday morning by The B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
'_. ft  WELLB-.
Offlce:   Labor Temple. 405 Dunsmuir Street
Telephone Seymour 6871
Bubscribtion Bates: United States and Foreign,
S2.50 per year; Canada, S2.00 per year; to
Unions subscribing in a body, tl.50 pel
member per year.
Unity of Labor: The Rope of the World
 March  26,  1920
fts plentiful as blackberries in the
summer time—in these days when empires
pass away over night, and the capitalistic
system is slowly but surely crumbling,
and the new order tak-
WIZARDS ing shape.   The latent
AND of  these  is the one
SOCIALISM which has been pro-
- posed by the wily
wizard of Wales, David Lloyd George.
For many yenrs he has flirted with the
radical elements in the old land, and
many workers have been of the opinion
that at some date, for some reason, he
would line up with Labor. These visions
of Lloyd George as a champion of Labor
have now, however, been dissipated by the
light of his recent utterances, which forever align him with the forces of reaction, and as a credited champion of the
present order, and the ruling elass which
now dominates the old land. He has
stated that he docs not want a new party,
but he has laid down the platform on
which he contemplates all those that are
in line with the present system, and the
reactionary forces, can line up on. That
they will do so there is little doubt) for
the greatest political humbug that has
ever dominated British politics is catering
to his masters, and he realizes that only
by that method can he be the leader of
the government. Even Winston Spencer
Churchill has signified his acceptance of
the n,ew programme.
* » »
Before accepting the egotistical assumptions of the Welsh wizard, it will be well
to examine into his statements, and to
see just what they amount to. In the
first place he states that he is out to fight
Socialism. That Socialism may be tried
in some countries, but that the old land is
no plaoe for it. Declaring war on Socialism is nothing new. It has been done by
every capitalistic government on the face
of tho earth, but it has availed nothing,
the number of Socialists increasing year
by year, and lately, daily. Individuals
may rant and rare against the new force
that is working in society, but that does
not exterminate it. Like all individuals,
Lloyd George is of the opinion that "he"
can do something to combat the evergrowing power that threatens the present
system. Egotistical to the extreme, the
present beneficiaries of the capitalistic
system are of the opinion that it exists because of their wisdom and sagacity. In
fact, they have less to do with it than have
the workers who produce the wealth
which they enjoy. In their egotism, the
members of the ruling class, thinking that
they are the pillars on which rests, modern
society, and that other individuals are responsible for the growing attacks on the
stability of.the present order, have carried out a policy of arresting and imprisoning those individuals who have been
active in the spreading of socialistic propaganda. To offset Socialistic propaganda,
Lloyd George tfould have his own propaganda spread throughout the land, ahd
he wishes to have a "well-informed" electorate; in fact, he stated that he did not
wish for a new party unless that party
shall accept tho new task of building a
new electorate, and of keeping it fully informed on political questions. After the
years the ruling class have had the job of
educating the electorate, it would appear
a little late in the day to start any new
attempt to convince the people that capitalism is of any further use to the human
family. The present ruling class has had
thc aid of a prostitute press, the Church,
and all avenues of education in its hands
for generations, but even with the disadvantages that this has placed on the
working class, the workers are becoming
more and come enlightened as to their
position in society, and this is not because
of the propaganda of the Socialists, but
due to the conditions that have prevailed
in the different capitalistic countries and
which have been the great educational
factors. Lloyd George, like all other
ruling class statesmen, still suffers from
the misconception that men have the directing of the forces in society, while it is
the reverse, and the conditions that prevail in society are responsible for the
actions of individuals, classes, and of nations. The Socialist, understanding that
material conditions determines the activities of the human family, are on a bed
rock that cannot be destroyed. Their
knowledge is based on the experience of
humanity all down through the ages, and
consequently can smile at the egotistical,
empty threats of those who are endeavoring to stem the tide of progress.
» .y. *
The statement of Great Britain's Premier, to the effect that Socialism might be
tried in some countries, but the old land
was no place for it, demonstrates that he
has not yet grasped thc significance of the
socialistic movement, and that he has not
yet understood the forces that are working in society. As a mattor of fact, the
old land should be the most likely place
for Socialism to develop. It is true that
Russia took the leap from feudalism into
the new order without going through the
same stage of capitalistic development
that Great Britain did, but the faet remains that it was a capitalistic war that
brought about those conditions in that
land that made it possible for tliis to
happen. Great Britain was the mother of
the capitalistic system. No workers in
the world have been subjected to greater
industrial oppression than havo those in
the old laud. No workers have produced
greater wealth per capita than have the
exploited slaves of the greatest empire
that the world ever saw, and no other nation has suffered greater in the interests
of the ruling class than has the British.
The same war which made it possible for
Bussia to take the step that she did, has
made it possible for the British workers
to see the way out of their miseries. The
old land is in desperate straits at this
time. The unfavorable exchange rates
and the necessity of the importation of
raw materials in order to cany on is making it well nigh impossible for capitalistic
production to "be continued, and before
long we may see that tho move made by
the old land to trade with Bussia, is only
the forerunner of a working-class combination between Great Britain and
Eussia, in order that the old land may feed
her people during the transition period
which must be gone through before the cooperative commonwealth is established in
the land which first brought forth the
capitalistic methods of production. The
Lloyd Georges may rave, they may form
new organizations so that the present ruling class can attempt to retain its control, but the forces which aro working in
society arc all with the Socialists, in fact
the Socialist philosophy is based on an understanding of the present and previous
systems of society, and those forces which
are bringing capitalism to a final collapse,
will also bring from their egotistical pedestals those who think that they can control those forces. The only unchanging
law is the law of change. Tho law of
change is working, and nothing can stop
•it, not even a political wizard from Wales.
UNDER the Workmen's Compensation
Act, any employee coming within
the provisions of that act, and who is in-'
jured in the course-of his employment, is
entitled to the benefits provided by this
legislation, amongst
SOME which is free medical
PBOTEOTIOM and hospital atten-
IS NEEDED dance.   The worker
is also entitled to
choose his, own medical attendant. Some
little difficulty arose over this latter question during the days when the act fir,st
became operative, especially in the cases
where the men were able to decide for
themselves just what doctor they would
have to attend to them. This is, however,
not always possible, as in thc case of a
man being unconscious, or so badly injured as not to be capable of making a
choice, and as a result there have been
many cases where ■ incompetent doctors
have been called upon to attend the injured men. There are a few doctors who
make a practice of waiting for compensation cases. Some of them would have
little to do unlcs* they obtained this
work. These men aro at all times ready
to answer an emergency call, and^are
practically at the factory or shipyard
gate. Several instances of incompetency
on the1 part of this type of doctor have
been called to our attention recently in
Vancouver, and other eases in Vietoria.
It would appear to us that the Compensation Board, with its experience in the administration of thc act, should bc able to
compile a list of the medical men who are
not giving the service that should be rendered to the injured men. Several cases
have ben brought to the attention of the
board, and it would appear that it was
about time that the workers who are injured in industry, and who are not able
to protect themselves under the conditions
outlined, should be protected by exclusion
of these doctors from attending casos
coming within the provisions of the Compensation act, and who are not considered
competent to aet in cases of accident.
This would not be interfering with the
right of the worker to choose his own
medical attendant, but would be giving
the worker protection against incompetency, which may mean a great deal
in many cases.
thcir hopes upon, for in highly developed
capitalistic countries, their repression is
highly and systematically organized.
Another thing that must be considered
is the geographical position of Germany,
and the close proximity of both highly
developed capitalistic nations, and allied
troops, which are already within the borders of Germany. This again will have
had considerable effect on the activities
of the Spartacans, and the enlightened
workers in that eountry. While the left
wing has evidently compromised with the
less radical elements, the fact remains
that the monarchist aetivities have driven
the different Socialist factions into a
closer alliance, and the Socialist movement is stronger than it was before the
counter revolution.
* ¥ *
The latest advices as to the new cabinet,
and the Spartacan demand for its resignation before it has even taken hold, would
indicato that the trouble is not ended, and
that the situation may develop to such an
extent that a repetition of the Paris Commune may be seen, with Allied troops
performing the rolo of suppressors of
the people of Germany in their struggle
agaiust the prosont system. Prom private
sources of information, we learn that conditions are so bad in Germany, that the
people in what would under ordinary circumstances be in good positions, are in
such a plight that they cannot get clothing and other necessaries. Naturally, the
latest disturbances have only intensified
these conditions, and there is everything
to point to repeated trouble until the
working class will be compelled by sheer
necessity to take control, and when that
happens we shall then see to what position
the workers of tho other countries have
arrived at, and if they arc prepared to
take up the battle on behalf of the international working classes against a world
ruling class. In the meantime there is
no cause for despondency, and a full study
of the situation will.bring an understanding as to why the workers in Germany
have acted as they have done to date.
It is interesting to learn that the Royal
Mounted Canadian Police are to be located on Shaughnessy Heights. No doubt
from this point of vantage they will bc
able to look "down" on the working-class
districts of thc city, and at the same time
be in close proximity to ruling class property.
Now wc shall be able to listen to the
howls of protest against the new head
tax, for municipal purposes, that the government is proposing as absolution to $ys
taxation problem. No doubt there will
be many wails from thoso that toil about
this new "robbery," but they will not sity
a word about the exploitation of $ii
worker at the point of production.    ,.
The great and burning question which
has been agitating the minds of people!
in Great Britain, namely shall Scottish
soldiers still wear kilts? has been definitely settled, and the kilt will still be
seen on those soldiers that are attached
to Scottish battalions. No doubt this will
do much to settle the industrial unrest
in the Old Country. It may also be the
cause of the workers in tho old land reverting to the old ideas once enunciated
by Jessie Collins, which was that three
acres and a cow would solve the poverty
question. In any case wc can rest assured
that in future capitalistic wars, thc kilt
will play its part in defending "our"
THERE are many workers, who, on
hearing the news as to the counterrevolution of the Monarchists of Germany,
expected to see the Spartacans follow in
the footsteps o'Jthe Russian workers, and
at once sot us a soviet
THE SITUATION regime. A little study
IN of conditions as thoy
QERMANY *)_§_$■ prevail  in   Germany
today, and the conditions that prevailed in Russia at tho tune
that the Soviets were formed, however,
would show that this was impossiblo. Germany is a great capitalistic nation, with
all the intricate capitalistic machinery,
both of industry and government. Russia
was not hampered by either of these
complexities. It was in a state of feudal
ism, and only in a few places, and to no
considerable extent, was capitalistic production, as carried on in the more highly
developed countries, the method of production in Russia. This enabled the
workers of that country to bring about
production for use much more quickly
than it would be possible in Germany, or
any other highly-capitalistic developed
country. Strange as it may seem, capitalism, While developing the Socialist philosophy, at the same time has developed
certain forms of government, and a
great deal of psychology, which of necessity must be broken down before tlie
workers are ready to take control of industry. Capitalism is a mass of contradictions, and this is only one of them.
The system is dualistic, and consequently
idoas are of a dual nature, and while capitalism develops a class-conscious philosophy amongst thc workers, it also develops
a capitalistic state of mind in others.
Many workers in this country are eVcn
moro capitalistic minded than are the
members of the ruling class, and the present system has many ardent defenders in
the ranks of tho workers. In Russia it
was different. There the land, and not
industry, was thc great question. Lenin
saw this, and gave tho land to the peasants, and so brought success to the revolution. Consequently those that expected
a much moro rapid advancement of the
workers in Germany, had little to* base
The Rev. Principal Vance, who is acting
as a commissioner appointed by the Department of Labor to investigate into 8
dispute between the members of the International Teamsters Union and tho employers, has refused to allow the latter
to be represented by legal representatives.
The Department of Labor has upheld the
commissioner in his decisio.i. The Vancouver Daily World is much concerned
in case the employer should be placed in
a disadvantageous position as a result of
this ruling, contending th^t the business
agent of an organization, in such a dispute, and representing the men before the
commission, is able to bring all the ability
that legal representatives i'or the employers would be able to employ. Naturally
the employers will be flattered by this
poor estimate on the part of the World
as to their intelligence and ability to conduct their business, especially when it has
always been claimed that the employers,
are employers, because of their superior
intelligence. In the case in question, however, we feel sure that the employers will
notfBe smothered by the brilliance or tho
superior intelligence of the men's representative.
Gives a Vivid Picture of
Ruling Class Atrocities
in France
On 'Sunday evening at the Royal,
Comrade £1. T. Kingsley told onc.
more the story of the Paris Commune of 49 years ago, than which,
he said, probably no event In human history had been more misrepresented. Not even the present-
day vilillers of the Bolsheviki had
reached the height in the art of
vlliilcution attained by tk* French
ruling class of that day.
The speaker began with th. collapse of the empire of Napoleon
the Little in 1879 under the onslaught of the Prussian arms—"a
tinsel empire, as all empiros are."
The dispute, incidentally, was aa to
"which royal spawn should sit on
the throne of Spain," this being,
of course, "a vory serious matter
to the common peoplo" of Germany
and France.
With the German armies rapidly
approaching the gates of Paris, and
the Napoleonic government absolutely impotent to repel them, a republic was proclaimed aud a committee formed to prosecute the war
or negotiate a*peace. But treachery
was at work; and, though there was
ample force available to drive off
tlie Invader, the capitalist gang in
control agreed that France should
pay a heavy .indemnity, and that
the Germans should occupy Paris
temporarily as a matter of form,
and then retire to the suburbs, and
later to the frontier ,to await pay-
mont. 'In the face of an enraged
populaco, this programme was duly
carried out.
The proletariat In France at that
time, said Comrade Kingsley, was
the most advanced In the world in
Its knowlodgo of the Socialist phil
osophy. It was therefore very dangerous to the ruling class of the
world, which accordingly looked
complacently on its extinction by
tho capitalist class of France.
First the National Guard was
disarmed, and its 2,500 cannon
were surreptitiously seized ln the
night—March 18, 1871. Noxt day,
the whole working class, men and
'women, surged around and re-cap-
itured them; two generals, who had
been prominently brutal to the
workers In 1848, were now put
[against tho wail and shot. This act
was duly recorded against the commune, which had not yet been pro
claimed. The government fled to
Versailles; and, on the morning of
the 19th, the red flag was displayed
on the Hotel de vine und other
public buildings of Paris.
For 80 years, the speaker explained, Parts had had no municipal
solf-govornment Uke other cities; it
waB now decided that the city
should be ruled by a civil administration duly elected, by the popular
exercise of the franchise, and an
executive committeo was appointed
to give effect to this decision in the
name of the Commune. The ensuing elections were carried out
without interference or juggling,
more than a quarter of a million
votes being polled; and about 35
candidates were elected and took
control of the municipal affairs.
But the monarchist-clcrlcat-bour-
geols gang at Versailles now obtained the release of about 250,000
prisoners held by the Germans;
from among these and the Catholic
peasantry they recruited a great
force to crush the Parisian proletariat, closing ln on the south. and
west while the Germans completed
the cordon on the north and east.
Bismarck, in particular, thought
this a good time to clean up the
dangerous revolutionaries collected
in Paris. Paris waa shelled by the
government forcos, and entry was
made on the south side on Sunday,
May 20. During the following
Bloody Week," 20,000 men, women' and children of the working
class were- slaughtered; and no civilized government in the world
raised a hand ln protest.
During the absence of the reactionaries at Versailles, Paris had
been for the first time clean of
pimps and prostitutes, police and
criminals In general; life and property had never beon so safe before.
Now, the people died with "vlve la
Commune!" on their lips; and the
line ladies camo back from Ver-
salles with thoir parasols, poking
and peeking at the dead "vermin,
At last exasperated, some communards, without authority, then for
the first time retaliated by killing
66 hostages; this was, of course,
bruited all over the world against
them. But the total number of Ver-
salllese killed during the wholo
struggle was set at 8.00 or 900; the
number ot workers butchered exceeded 35,000, the hunt after men,
women and children being kept up
for six years, while countless theu-
sands were transported for life.
Comrade Kingsley admitted the
Communards made mistakes, aa
when they allowed the reactionaries to sneak out of Paris alive
and also left the plunder in the
banks untouched, though there was
gold enough ther. to buy the Germans 08. Tkey should have Imprisoned every one of the old gang
Md appealed to the country for
their one chance of success; however, perhaps their experiment was
half-a-century too soon and would
have failed in any case.
The speaker characterized this
as the most stupendous slaughter
of slaves since Spartacus, and
added that "hundreds of thoo>-
sands more will be slaughtered before this job is finished and the ruling class dismissed for ever. Don't
think you aro going to get them off
your back by talking nice to thom;
they will stick to you like a long-
lost brother—and will drive a dagger to your heart." As an indication, he pointed to recent measures
against the workers In this country,
where, ho observed," the revolt is
pitifully weak as yet."
This slave civilization, however,
would die by its own hand. Its
machines must go down and out;
and with them would go the society that was based upon them.
The cities themselves must perish;
the whole city life was practically
an economlo waste. The poriod of
human freedom was marked, not by
great organized industries, but by
tho utilization of very primitive and
simple moans of production. With
a complicated system, all liberty
was lost; conditions became ever
more Intolerable, and nothing was
left but inevitable collapse.
People Must Be Fed Before Goods
Can Be Produced and
Exported (
Moscow—M. KresH.n, who,
head of the Bolshoviki department
of trade aud commerce and transportation, will bo a leading member of the commission to visit "England to discuss the reopening of
trade with Soviet Russia, declares
that the burning question In Russia is the solution of the transpor
tation problem.
The immediate needs are in locomotives and equipments, repair
shops, six years of war having re-
Milted in general breakdown. There
is no use talking export, he says,
unless food, has been distributed to
the hungry poor of Russia,
Don't forget OUR advertisers.
By Buying Tour
,85 Minnrii'fl Liniment ....— .00
.60 Williams  Pint  Fills  M
1.00 Bit™ Phosphate 79
.50 Gin Pills  - SS
.25 Reid'a Witch Haiel Cream .. .10
.10 SanlHush 04
1.00 Dorlna Face Powder  67
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.60 Chaae'a Ointment  13
.25 Beecham'e Pllla  17
.60 Reid'a EeKema Ointment  SO
.25 Baby's Own Tablets _ .18
.25 Holbrook'a Fallen Earth  11
.50 Reid'a Fruit Saline — - .9!
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.25 Chaae'a K. * I.. Pllla  10
.50 Reid's   Brilliantlmi    - .20
.25 Dentone Tooth Paste  18
.50 Chaae'a Nerve  Food  31
.25 Reid'a Carbollo Ointment  17
.50 Bay  Rum   SS
1.00 Sanagen  73
.35 Abbey's Salts  88
8.W llorlick'a Malted Milk (hospital  alia)    ......2.08
Vancouver Drag Co.
—Seven Storat-—
105 Heatings W ...~.-.8ey. 1001
7 Haatinga W  Ser. 8683
163 Hastinga E.  Ser. 2033
782 Granville St Ser. 7018
1700 Commercial Drive ....High. 263
Granville snd Broadway ....Bay. 2811
Broadway and Main Fair. 1083
Matinee , 2.30
Evenings 8.20
Mirth and Melody
Tho Industrial Banner, the so-called offl.
cial organ of organized labor in Ontario,
which is cared £or by the great Jimmie
Simpson, in its columns of March 12 contained an article which was supposed to
show that internationalism in trades
unionism was necessary because capital is
international. We have no dispute', with
the statement as to the international ^iar-
aftcr of capitalism, but have yet to»;be
shown that the internationalism in trades
unionism as exemplified by the —,-"1?. of
L. is in any way fitted to deal wi$f jthe
employing class on this continent, „with-
out in any way entering 'the wider' sebpe
of entering the lists against international
capitalism, If there is any organization
on earth ttiat has frustrated the workers
being in any way joined together on an
international basis, it is that reactionary
labor movement of the U. S. A. which,1
guided by tho most reactionary labor officials that exist today, has by any, and
evory means, during the past few years,
disrupted any attempt to hold a real international gathering. Jimmie knows this
if he knows anything at all, and the so-
called internationalism of the American
Federation is nothing more thanJgljfeucli
bunk. For uny lalior paper ^jiiwiay
and dato to attempt to pictnr* tkt A. I''
of L. as an international.)
accepted    sense    of
amongst workers, is,  to1
sheer impudence.
More New Spring
Suits for Men
Many neat and pleasing patterns and pin stripes
are here—in semi-fitting and conservative models
—every one representing
$35, $45, $50 to $75
J. N. Harvey
123-125-127 Hastings St
i*» 61M1I Tata Stroot, Victoria
Canadian Clothes
for Canadian Lads
Spring is here, and with it the desire to spruce
Our display of 20th Century Brand Clothing
for young men is the talk of the city.-
Clubb & Stewart, Limited
309 Hastings St. West
Our Selling System ]
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both  stores
J. W. Foster
.    limited
The Art of Dentistry
it exemplified In the highest
degree at thit etiabUsktntnt.
art at pleating at the tervite
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Onea Ktili.lt Til* to 81JO .'clock
T*»««l NMM to Attentate*
Granville Street
Comer Robaon Street «
Orer Owl D»M S'2K
raooo Icrani *m»
Opposite the Orpheum
Phono Seymour 2193
"The Tiger Lady"
First time ln Canada
Different From All Othen
Don't Mln This Show
Bank of Toronto
Assets over .
_   79,000,000
Joint Saving* Account
A JOINT Barings Account mar ba
opened ftt Th* Bank of Toronto
In tat nam* of two or moro
person.. In theie account, either
party mar sign cheque, or depoelt
money. Wet the different memben
of a family or ft firm a Joint account
f. often a great conrenicnoe.' Interest
la paid on balances.
Vancouver Branch:
Oorner Hasting, and Gambia Stmts
Branches at:
Victoria,   Merritt, ».w Wettmliittr
233 Abbott Street
Central Men'a Brotherhood
Prof. O. G. Sedgwick, B.A., Ph.D.
Soloist:   Mr. Laurence Brown
Musical Recital 8:30 p.m.
Pianist: Mr. Leo. Malirar
Everybody Welcome
11S0 Oeorgia Strait
Sunday services, 11 a.m. and 7.80 pM.
Bunday sohool immediately following
morning service. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Fraa r.adlnf roo^
•01-003  Birk.  Bldg.
raniTEBs,   fukjshibs,   m>
Union Official., writo for prii
irltsa. We
t—g op Phene Seymonr ISM foj
Dr. W. J. Curry
lilt* SOI Dominion Building
Follow th. Crowd to tto
Patricia Cabaret
Oh block eait of Empreii Theitn
BMITH, B. LOVO and tbt BB&
Interpret tbt lattat long Ito, to*
tlatad by Tbe Brant Jan Baal
Muilc, t p.m. t* 1
Supposing 70a wtrt telephoning a
■ton and you got lor tha anawtr,
"Hollo 1" wonld yon proceed to ght
your order or would you inquire, 'Ii
that Su-and-ao'el" At tb* itmt tlmt
you would think how muck bttttv ft
would hnvo beea had tht penon if
piled wltb the name of tbe store.
Had he dont ao, yon would donbtleaa
havt said to younelf, "Now, tbat man
la np to date: bt knowa how tt aa*
■wer tht tclephont properly."
Ttt how many peoplt blurt Ml
' 'Hello I" uover realizing that It
aounda brusque and that it alao Interferes with efficient telephono sorvice.
jM FBIDAT...•.-.•....March 2«, 1920
For Week Commencing Friday, March 26
Maybloom Tea,
perlb, .....
Del Mont* Peaches, tin . .SOo
Del Monte Pear* tin ...SSo
Del Monte Apricots, tin .30«r
■Del Monte Asparagus, tin SSo
Del Monte Pork and Beans,
per tin  ISO
Del Monte Ketchup, bot.. SSo
Pacific Milk, larg*
size, per tin ....
(Limit i tint)
Carnation Milk, tall, tin .150
Carnation Milk, small,
per tin V/,e
Cottage Peanut Butter,
per bottle ato
Quaker Tomatoes, 2VS-lb.
size, per tin  20o
Nabob CoKee. per tin .. .03o
Braid's Best Coffee, tin . .89c
'  1-lb. tini
S-lb. tins
Woodward's Better Coffee,
por lb 570
Campbell's Vegetable Soup,
per tin  ls.Sc
Van Camp's Clam Chowder,
per tin  14c
Van Camp's Tomato Soup,
per tin 1-lc
Helntz Pork and Beans,
per tin   ISo
Helnta Ketchup, bottle ..350
Cream ot* Wheat, pkt. .. .200
Quaker Corn,
per tin ...
Old Dutch Cleanser,
per tia	
Grape Nuts, per pkt .... loo
Dromedary Dates (new)
per pkt 28o
Excelsior Dates (new)
per pkt SSo
Aunt Jemima Pancake
Flour, per pkt \ty_o
Cooper's Marmalade, pure
r?."- 80c
Eagle Brand Milk, tin ..24c
Reindeer Brand Milk, tln.220
Blue Ribbon Peaches ...22c
Ramsay's Soda Biscuits,
per pkt 260
Large Bottlos Finest Olives,
per bottle 45o
Clark's Spaghetti and Cheese,
per tin ISo
Sunlight Soap, i        eyej
bars in carton ... mi a*
Shelled Almonds, ft-lb.
pkt .s«o
Shelled Walnuts, ',4-lb.
pkt SOo
C. te & Seal Coffee, 1-lb.
tin  «lo
Woodward's Better Tea,
per lb 54o
Woodward's Extra Choice
Tea, per lb 4»o
Woodward's Choice Tea,
per lb 42c
Cadbury's Pure Cocoa, %-lb.
tin   2«o
Jars Chinese Ginger ....55o
Lifebuoy Soap,
per bar	
Alberta Government Special
BiitAr, the very best, t
lbs. for  S2.ll
BrookMeld Creamery Butter,
per Ib ISo
Troko Oleomargarine, for
cooking, per lb. SSo
Ontario Primrose Cheese,
per lb STe
'Streaky Side Bacon, lb. . .540
Boneless Cottage.Rolla, lb 400
Swift's Pure Silver Leaf
Lard, per lb. ........340
Grow Tour Own Vegetables.
Get Busy—Spring Is Bere
Flower and Vegetable Seeds,
Grass   Seed,   Onion   Sets,
Seed   Potatoes,    Rhubarb
Roots, etc., ete.
Seed Department in Basement
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
Dry Ooodi, Oenti' Furnishings
Factory organised under "United Garment Workers ot Amerlcs"
"The Searchlight"
A Lsbor Paper published in Calgary, Alberta,    .
supporting the 0. B, U. and all progressive
Labor policies.
Send along yonr subscription to "The Searchlight,"
P. 0. Bos 1608, Oalgary, Alberta
The Royal] Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up
_* 25,000,000
.$ 16,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 17,000,000
Total Assets +-$460,000,000
590 branches in Canada, Newfoundland and Britiih
West Indies.
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Corner OranviUe and Seventh Avenue West,
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Also—-North Vancouver, New 'Westminster and 29 ether
points in British Columbia.
One dollar opens aa account on whieh interest is paid hall yearly <
at current rates. /
THOS. PEAOOO* O. W. flUBB, Vancouver;
Manager Vancouver Branch Supervise! tot B. 9.
The Origin and Gro
of the Russian Soviets
During the past year there has
been printed a mass of literature on
the new order ot government in
Russia. Prolific have been the
writings; few have been the readers. For this reason, and because
of the arrangements pending for
recognizing Russia economically,
one feels that there exists a need
for a clear and concise account of
the development of the Russian
Soviet system, from local economic
councils, functioning independently, to a highly centralized political
unit of international importance.
Mr. M. Philips Price, in a pamphlet, recently published in London,
entitled "The Origin and Growth
of the Russian Soviet," supplies
this want ln a very able manner.
Mr. Price has long been a student
of conditions in Russia, and has devoted several years to travel and
Intensive observation in that country.
He begins by showing how (during the flrst days of the Russian
Revolution) the news that the
Tsar had been done away with, and
tho police of Petrograd jailed by
tho workmen, affected the people.
The iron discipline of Imperialism
vanished. The free spirit of man,
bursting the heavy chains of a now
useless form of society, found expression, from the Baltic to the
Pacific, in thousands of Informal,
unsummoned meetings. Soldiers ln
their barracks, peasants in their
village meeting houses, workmen ln
thcir shops and factories, gathered
to talk things over. These meetings were "the flrst rude Instruments, now blunt, soon to be
sharpened, which were to build the
new order of society." For gradually out of these gatherings, councils (Soviets in Russian) were
formed, which began to see to it
that the products of the rich, block
earth would go into the barns of
the peasants who had tilled it—
not into the barns of the landowners. The soldiers' Soviets took
part in the reorganization of the
army on a basis which would protect the Revolutionists, while the
Soviets of the workmen attempted
to keep wages proportional to the
cost of living, and to supervise conditions under which they worked.
Originally Informal - Economlo
These original Soviets were economic bodies, for lt was natural
that people having common material Interests should band together at a time when the old order
was dissolving. However, it must
be remembered that, these.Soylets
were, in the beginning, functioning
locally and independently; and it
was not until months later that it
was possible to talk of co-ordinating the actions of these numerous, widely scattered groups. The
re-gatherlng of strength of the reactionaries Impressed upon the
people, probably more than anything else, the Importance of unity
of action and a nation-wide
ganization. "Only lf they expanded
their activities "to broad political
action could they possibly safeguard thoso local economlo Interests, to protect which they were
originally created. Only by becoming political bodies could they
guarantee the new social order." »
Thus these local, informal economic unions became the basis of
the present Soviet system. After
October, 1917, in every town in
Russia, the central committee of
all the Soviets of that district became responsible for public order,
for the militia, for the local finances, and for public works. In
the smaller villages the peasant
committees assumed the same po
litical powers. "Finally, these
central urban Soviets and the
unions of provincial Soviets sent
their representatives to a great
State Congress of the whole country. This Congress now meets
every six months and elects a Central Soviet Executive, which Is empowered to act with authority in
the period between the Congress.
This body has now become the supreme political authority in the So
viet Republic. It controls the Red
Army and Navy, the foreign policy,
the economic intercourse with
other stfttes. Thns, beginning with
Informal gatherings of workers
bound by economic Interests, the
Russian Soviet has developed into
a great political power, whloh is to
be reckoned. with in international
Organizing tbe Proletariat
The process of organizing the
proletarla industrially has taken
place along the following linen The
old trade-union system, which, under Czarism, sought to divide the
workers into a number of craft
unions within the Industrie* has
been completely brokon down. The
workers' factory committees send
their delegates to conferences representing all the workers, divided
according to professions. This now
economic Soviet Is organised on
the basis of industry, not en the
basis of guild. In the metal industry, for example, the bookkeepers
and the woodworkers, must choose
their representatives along with the
metal-workers themselves, and all
three grades of labor must be represented in the economlo Soviet
Thus a united front la created
within the industry.
Among the rural peasantry economic unions have been formed hi
much the same manner. These
have been amalgamated into "The
Professional Alliances of Agricultural Workers," which syndicate
has established the principle of collective farming, and is creating c
food reservoir; In the Northern and
Central Provinces. Tho urban
membera of this syndicate take
core of the collective distribution
of agricultural products, thus pre
serving the contact between the
proletariat la town and village. The
Central Soviet Executive has developed to * high degree the rural
consumer's co-operative societies as
an integral part of the State distribution apparatus. The managers of these co-operatives are
elected at frequent intervals, under,
of course, the Soviet Constitution,
which provides that no peasant can
vote or be elected to offlce if he
owns more land than he can work
himself. In other words, a peasant who hires another man's labor
is disenfranchised.
"Thus the Soviet, as the organ
of the laboring classes, has assumed
both In town and rural districts an
industrial as well as political aspect. These economlo Soviets, arising spontaneously throughout the
land, as the result of the revolutionary regrouping of the social
units, are now gravitating toward a
common point. For just as the political Soviets centre in State Congresses for the control of foreign
policy, so the economio Soviets or
syndicates of metal workers, cotton
operatives, and laboring peasants,
centre in a State Congress for managing the internal affairs of the
different branches of Industry. At
the present moment there is the
AU-Russla Union of Professional
Alliances, which Is the top of the
pyramid toward which nil the
workers' economic syndicates converge. This is the real Labor Parliament, where the internal affairs
of the different industries are attended to and reconciled to the
public Interest. Here, in numerous
committees, are worked out the
wage tariffs, the hours of labor, and
the capacity of output of each
amalgamated syndicate;
Laborers by Muscle or Brain
"Thus two great social institutions have sprung up ln revolutionary Russia—the political Soviet
The Great Vision
Ballard's Furniture Store
1024    HASH' STREET
Fkost Siynour 8137
We irlll axefaftngt y*w neon* head
faraltura for ntw,  A tfttere 4m1 n
yoor money back.
The following Is a paper which
was read by one of the members
of the Regina General Workers'
Unit of the O. B. U., which that
organization has requested should
be published In the Federationist:
The world in which we live has
been for many ages at the mercy of
its tyrants und at tho dictates of a
few. Mankind, all but these few
have struggled to carry on, and ever
the many people have been kept
from the means of life except as
the few allowed them only enough
to live, and ever they must work
for the masters, to make theirs the
perfect life while the many struggled and toiled, hardly knowing
what Ufe meant till they passed
into the great beyond and their
children took up the burden, ever
hoping for a heaven, ever dreaming of a day when the earth should
be free from tyranny and all the
children of men might live their
lives free from the fears of famine
and a destitute old age because the
wealthy were owners of the earth
and kept tho poor shut out. The
poor have ever struggled among
themselves for the crumbs which
fell from the rich man's table and
so long as they continue to struggle among themselves the masters
will feed on corn while the servants
get the husks.
The struggle among themselves
has ever kept them down, so now
in their unions they have agreed to
struggle among themselves no
more, but to unite in the struggle
against tyrants who keep them out
of the fullness of life. At flrst tho
unions thought only of their daily
bread, just a little losr of slavery,
just a Uttle more of life, content to
be ruled by masters but to slightly
ease thetr lot, but now one has
risen up with a vision, a purpose
beyond its daily bread, a vision of
mankind free from the yoke of
oppression, an ideal above the petty
squables with a boss, a purpose
wide as the earth and deep as the
human soul. This le the mission,
the destiny of our union, the universal union of the useful of mankind, to save ^he world from the
profiteer, to save it for our children end the people of the world,
to end tyranny and oppression and
cause freedom and justice to dwell
eternal with the sons of humanity.
There ts nothing on earth more
worthy of devotion than the human
race. Let us cast out Its devils
and develop its divinity. What purpose oould be higher, what motive
worthier than to raise up the lowly of mankind and help them to live
the life subUme. This is the purpose of our union, to unite the use'
ful people of the world into One
Big Union and keep the great purpose in view; to sweep the profiteer,
the Junker, the tyrant out of the
places of power (let them fall itno
the ranks at the rear or vanish, it
matters not) to make every human
being free to livo the Ufe he loves
and to make every man th equal of
king. The profiteer with his
search for commercial conquests
which end in commercial war,
where the junker Imposes his wlU
and the people pay ln blood, these
must pass from the earth and the
world be made a flt habitation for
the most perfect beings of creation.
This la the purpose ef our unton.
This le the end for which lt came
into the world. Ours is the full
vision, all others are incomplete.
Let ue then make of ourselves apostles every one. Let us be filled with
the gospel of a world ln which tyrants are banished, and where
every man Is free. Olve the great
message to your neighbor, tell lt
to the man at your side. Urge
them te help in the mission to show
the great vision to the world.
Shout tt from the top of the steeple,
whisper H In caverns of the mine;
carry It upon wind and wave over
land and sea until every useful being hae heard the great message
that the sons of men are to be free,
till every man of mettle has joined
In the great crusnde, till the great
end Is accomplished and destiny is
The growth of Labor's strength
ia Seattle ts indicated by figures for
tho Past three elections. On Dee.
2, te tho achool elections, lt,0«t
votes were polled ln the municipal
elections, 28,000 votes were polled,
and Duncan reached 34,000 in the
mayoralty election.
and the economic Soviet. The duti*
of the former is to protect the Republic from Internal and external
counter-revolution. The duty, of
Che latter is to build up, under the
protection of the former, the new
social order. Once the danger of
foreign Intervention is removed lt
Is possible that in Russia the political Soviet will reduce its functions,
and that power In the land will
pass to huge economic syndicates,
working under some new form of
cetnral control. When the new social order is really guaranteed from
foreign counter-revolution the political conflicts which have been
raging in Russia since the Revolution will gradually die down. The
struggle between the Bolshevik
theory of 'Immediate World Revolution' and the Menshevlk theory of
'Labor Coalition with the Bourgeoisie' will give way to others.
Thun will arise the delicate problem
of how to adjust the Interests of
the whole community to the claims
of tbe different industrial syndicates, so that private capitalism,
conquered In tho October Revolution and In the war of 1918 against
the Allied Imperialists, shall not
reappear again in a more insidious
form. All this, howevor, belongs
to the future."
"Everywhere In Russia now the
organs of the new form of society
are found In tho two types of Soviets. For these political and.Industrie unions can elect and be
elected only those who labor by
muscle und brain. In order to obtain a vote, therefore, a man or
Woman must be organized in some
sort of industrial syndicate, and In
order to be organized he must do
some form of productive work."This
Is the flrst essential of the Soviet
system. The second essential is
that the Soviet should be elected
not territorially but Industrially.
This is the real difference between
the Soviet State and a Democratic
State. A Democratic State recognizes no economic division In the
electorate. Everyone is regarded
as a part of what is vaguely called
■the people.' How impracticable a
'democratic' parliament is for the
modern Industrially specialized
form of society the following example may show:
"A metal-worker, let us" say, lives
»ext to a railway man on one side
and an accountant on the other.
AU three have special economic Interests which require exact professional knowledge to understand.
Each of them, If they were to draw
up a programme of their demands
at a given moment, would have
different claims to make for the
protection of their particular economic interests. In a Soviet State
each of these types of workers put
forward their demands through the
economic syndicate, of which they
must be a member, and the central
union of the syndicate considers
them In relation to the whole economic production of tho country.
In; times like the present, when the
fight with the counter-revolution
is kill going on, the syndicates have
to consult with the political Soviet
and obtain Its sanction. But the
point is that a Soviet State provides the economic apparatus for
representing the special interests cf
all its workers and for reconciling
them with the Interests of the
whole community.
Reflect Opinion at the Moment
"A Democratic State, on the
other hand, cannot provide this, for
here the workers' industrial organizations have no political power,
and can only advise a parliament,
which is brought Into existence by
the votes of an unorganized working class. Thus the three types of
workers that I take above are, in a
Democratic State, only able to elect
representatives from one district, fn
which their economic interests are
swamped in thousands of other interests. Candidates are put up by
party caucuses who work on a territorial basis, and these candidates
cannot possibly represent all the
interests on that territory at the
same time. Supporters ef tke Soviet system* regard the democratic
election to a parliament bb nothing
more than a device to deceive tho
workers, by dividing them Into artificial constituencies, on the basis of
which they cannot unite to draw up
common social and economic
policy. This can only be done
through the development of the industrial unions, as described above.
Tho superiority of the Soviet as a
political aud economlo organ is
well seen In the fact that lt Is capable of being continually elected.
For the workers can withdraw their
delegates and elect again at wllL
Thus the Soviets are always a reflection of the opinion of the work'
ers at the given moment."
Mr. Price closes with an appeal
to the working classes of England,
France and America, ln whloh he
exhorts them not to listen te the
tales of horror which the Inspired
press of Western Europe tells
about the Russian Revolution,
"I say this because I know that
the starvation and misery from
which the Russian people are
suffering ere not due to those who
are building up the new Socialist
form of society, but to those who,
for thres years, drove Rustla into
an exhausting and Imperialist war,
and then sent armed forces to Invade her territory and cut off her
food supplies and the raw materials
of her industries. The Russian
people would appeal te aU the
world for peace. They long to
establish the normal economic exchange between Eastern and Western Europe aad America, which
alone can make good ths destruction of the four years' war.
The Russians, wtth the courage
of lions, have dared to face a world
ln arms against thom, and to cry
aloud to all mankind across the
frontiers of the censors: 'Oh! Ye
conventionalities and lnslncorltles,
ye crowns of Emperors and Kings,
democratic parliaments, hypocrisies
of the churches, respectable medio-
ettttes, Intriguing profiteers! Ye,
who have brought all this misery
upon mankind! Behold! la are
one and all a Gigantic Lie! But
our life, our hunger and wretchedness ts not a Ue. Therefore we
call sll nations of the earth to witness that in Russia at any rnte ye
shaU be abolished, and, naked and
starving, isolated and spurned, pariahs though we are, we shall begin
tho search for those reelttlee—
those new forms of human society
which alone can make life worth
living.' "—The "Statesman.
Government Is Annoyed
at U.S. Senate's Defeat
of Ratification
(By W. Francis Ahern)
Members of the capitalistic government of the Australian Commonwealth are openly annoyed at
the action of the United States Senate in preventing the ratification of
the Peace Treaty, and in speeches
made in that country it is asserted
that but for the action of the U.S.
Senate, the peace of the world
would be very much nearer than tt
Is today.
Labor In Australia, on the other
hand, Is pleased that the United
States Senate has stuck fast on Article 10 of the League of Nations
plan, because It forsees that If this
infamous clause is ratified by the'
United States nations may be drawn
Into future wars without the people
being consulted, no matter whether
the cause of such future conflict is
just or not.
The Australian Minister for the
Navy (Mr. Cook) claims that the
objection of the United States Senate that the British Empire, because of the fact that Its overseas
Dominions have separate votes,
would be able to exercise a block
vote against other members of the
League of Nations ts childish, and
then goes on with the following
strange statement:
"The fact is that although the
United States haa only one vote,
there are many other parts of
America which have an Independent vote—Brazil, Ecuador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Peru, Uruguay,
and others, making 12 votes in all.
Australia, Canada, New Zealand,
South Africa, and India have one
vote each! no more., . . ■ There
is no ground for Senator Lodge and
his followers to take but which will
stand analysis in our favor and
against their argument."
Apparently, the Australian Minister for the Navy forgets to recognize that all the South and Central
American countries are under governments positively independent
and distinct from one another and
of that of the United States. Each
Is a republic wtth the fullest rights
and powers of self-government.
None Is in any way obliged to vote
with the United States in any matter that may come before the
Council of tho Lengue of Nations.
Contrasted with the complete freedom from any Imperial or suzerain
dictation or coercion enjoyed by
Brazil and the rest, the nominal
freedom of Australia, Canada, etc.,
is mere seeming and even less. For
not ono of the dependencies of
Great Britain has full power to
make all Its own laws; not one of
them can conclude a treaty with a
foreign power and not one of them
can even so much as-pass and enforco the most trifling domestic
act of Parliament without the consent of a representatltve of the
British Crown. Each ot the British dominions Is, ln hard fact,
closely subject to Britlah Imperial
control, and not one of them has
oven half-rights of national action.
The United' States, on its part, Is
a federation of many states, each
limited as the British dominions are
in respect to relations with outside
countries, and each subject, like the
British dominions, to a central government. Ratification of the covenant of the League of Nations
giving this congeries of states
but one representative, means for
the 100 odd millions of the United
States the deliberate curtailment of
their nation's right to decide its
own future actions and affairs.
However the matter may appear
to the statesmen of the Australian
Commonwealth there ts one certain
means by which the action of the
United States senators, led* by
Senator Lodge, even ln the ultra-
British view, be given quite a different color. Suppose that the Covenant proposed to give to each of
tho States of the American Federation a separate vote on the business of the League of Nations, or
even that votes should be given to
all signatory governments on the
basis of white population. Would
the Australian statesmen then see
objection? Would a United
States voting majority appear to
them a fair thing? And if It
wouldn't, why not?
It seems to be a well established
fact that the only reason why the
British dominions were given separate votes at the Peace Conference
and In the League of Nations plan
was becauso the shrewd Imperial'
ists of Great Britain saw that their
votes would be, for reasons that
must appear plain to all, a block
vote tn favor of Great Britain. Had
lt been otherwise, there is nothing
more certain than that tho Australian dominions would never have
been admitted Into the League of
Nations plan as separate nations.
Australian Laber, as stated
above, Is highly elated that the
United States turned down the
whole Infamous business. For the
last 13 months, the Australian representative of this Journal (Mr. W.
Francis Ahearn) has been presenting the case for Australian Labor
before certain influential persons
in tho United States, and ln a letter
received by him from the United
States during December Is the notification that his views received
official notice by Senator La Follette and other senators, and assisted very materially ln helping to
defeat the Peace Treaty.
Sydney, N.S.W.—W. A. Hollman,
premier' of New South Wales, Is
conducting a publlo campaign by
going from town to tow ln an alr-
platio. The Australian Labor
party, which vigorously opposes
him, is sending an aeroplane in his
wake to distribute Labor literature.
When through with this paper,
pass It on.
Chicago.—The first round In the
battle of the building trades for a
general wags of |1.ZS an hour was
won, when 4,500 bricklayers were
given a contract by the'Chicago
Masons' and Builders' Assn., calling fcr tho required scale. The
old scale wee $1 an hour wtth bo-
nuoso ranging from 10 to 25 cents.
Hare you worn a pair of my Loggers I H so, enough
said. If not, let me make yonr next pair. Weinke tta
boot shown in the eat is 8-inch,
10-inch, 12-inch, 14-inch and
16-inch, with regular tr spring
heel This is an improved shoe
pao with a light flexible sole
that we guarantee te hold
calks. We consider this the
very best logger's boot made.
It is made ot the highest grade
upper and sole stock. Ask your
store for this lbe or send outline ef your foot and we will
make up and mail a pair to you.
Any   Style   Fine   or
Heavy Shoe Made
to Measure
PARIS .WORK 110013
We mak. a number of styles ol guaranteed
work boots In ordinary height tops.
Boot and Shoe Manufacturers
51 Hastings! Street West
*eae ibe Federatlonist along wd
help net new subscribers.
(By Scott Nearing)
This winter there waa a great
struggle between the United Steel
corporation and Its employees who
were demanding,, not the right to
elect their superintendents not the
right to manage and direct the
policies of the industry in which
they wero employed that would
hav. been Industrial domocracy—
they were merely asking for the
right to get together and deal as a
group with their economlo overlord.
That was the Issue fought through
the Utter weeks of th. strike,
Tha hardships and privations
suffered by hundreds of thousand,
of th. steel workers and their families wer. offered as a prloo for th.
right to bargain collectively. The
price waa not accepted, and the
men hav. gone baek to work tor
the steel corporation, laboring iu
shops that they do not own; working upon materials that are the
property of their masters; turning
out product belonging to stockholders: subject to the order, of men
that they have had no part ln selecting, and working under an economio policy tn th. determination
of which they hav* had no share.
The employees of the United
States Steel Corporation have gon.
back to a life of slavery ln th.
mills of Indiana Harbor, Gary,
Toungstown, South Chicago and
Johnston. In the centres where
this form of economic Iff. persists
what must be the standard of political liberty?
Political liberty la th. United
State, became aa academic term
when the power over th. job and
the product ot tho Job was concentrated in the fiands ot th. plutocracy. Political liberty ln th.
United states will contlnu. a dream
so long as th. plutocracy held, it*
present power.
Th. people ot th* Unit.*
States have set up an economio systom—or, speaking more correctly,
they have been watching Charlie
Chaplin; reading the Saturday
Evening Post, and playing "Seven
Up" while the flnanclal and Industrial enterprises have been busy
creating tho structure of American
The founders of th. Amrclcan
Republlo were convinced by ex.
perience that eternal vigillanc. was
th. prlc. of liberty. Th. American
people ceased their vlgilano. and
today they ar. paying th* prlc* of
their faiulre.
The special privileged few and
their attorneys and representatives
have labored night and day to con
centrate the power over Americas
life ln tha hand, of banker, and
financier*. Th* process completed
they hav. taken ott additional step
and assumed supervision over th*
political machinery as well. They
con unseat Victor Berger or sus-
pend th* Socialist assemblymen ta
Albany at wllL If they pitas* to
do so, they con, through the tu* of
injunctions, tak* th* nam. "Socialist Party" or th* nam. "libor
Party" off from th* ballot In th*
election, during th* campaign «C
Let the American people not deceive themselves with th* Miy Idea
that a guarantee et political righto
written upon a piece of paper wUl
proteot them against th. design,
of American plutocracy. Civil liberties ln the United States ar* ok
th. beck and call of the aom* Interests that control men's Jobs. If
any one doubt, the troth ef thl*
statement let him examine the records of civil liberties In th. stMl
strike areas ^during October and
November, 1919.
During the recent attack* upon
"Reds" uid "Bolsheviks" many
persons have consoled themselves
with the assurano. that "anyway lt
Is only the Communist Party." Remember Debs' famous phrase,
"While there ts a lower class I am
In lt; while there 1* a criminal element I am ot it; while ther* I* a
man ln Jail, I am not free."
The American people hav* been
content wtth th* belief that thar
could enjoy liberty while other
peopl. In th. sam* community
were being ground under th. htoL
Th«y hav* permitted babies to dl*
of poverty; thay hav* stood Ml*
while women wen driven onto
th* straet; thay hav* remained
passive while th* Industrial Interests hav* exploited and robbed.
Content with their "higher standard ot living," satlsfled with th*
childish cartoons in th* Sunday
supplement, they hav* spent their
lives, and If they hav* thought at
all they hav* snld. "After us th*
The deluge has come. Liberties
hav. been snatched away. Tyranny and suppression grip Amorica
like a vise and the people turn
helplessly ts one another and ask,
"When will this thing end?"
Thero is but one answer: When
the American workers ar* wis*
enough and united enough to possess themselves of the Jobs on
whioh they work and thus eliminate economio slavery. Then and
not until then will liberty be restored In the United State..
What Every
Logger Wants
Stanfield's Blaek  Label Underwear,  in brown, per
suit    $10.00
Men's Heavy Pants, extra strong  $6.00 to $10.00
Stetson Hats, in endless variety of shapes and shades.    .
Men'a Mackinaw Shirts and FanU.
Working Boots, up from  _ $4.00
Fino Boots, up from _   $4.50
444 Main Street
18-20 Cordova Street W. PAGE SIX
twelfth tear. no. ii    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    ?ancouv», b. o.
PniDAV March  2C.   1920
Canadian  National  Railways
and intermediate points ■
Hew Equipment—Choice of Bootes
tee fartUr psrticulin apply to TODBIST  k   TRAVEL  BUBEATT  IOS
Vancouver, B. 0.
Mechanics' Tools
J. A. Flett, Limited
We buy and sell second-hand GUNS
The One Big Union
Published by tbe Winnipeg Central Labor Council
Bead the News from the Prairie Metropolis
Subicription price $2.00 per year; fl.00 for liz monthi
Address all communications to
J. Houston, Room 1,530 Main St., Winnipeg:, Han.
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—Pmident, Y.  R.  Midgley;
vltt-pmjdent, 3. Marshall; iecretary, J.
.B.  Campbell;   treuurer,   J.   Shaw;   ler-
Knt-at-arnn,  E.  Kins;  tnntwi. W. A.
tehard, J. fi. Mewon, J. 11. Clark, A.
3. Wilson.	
dl—Meeta    aecond   Monday   in   tha
■onth.    President, j. F. McConnell; •«•
retary. R. H. Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
Md Reinforced Ironwarkera, Loeal 97
—Mem leetnd and fonrth Mondaya.
Pmldent Ju. Haitingi; tnaneill see-
tetary and treasurer, Roy Mamcar, Room
>18 Labor Templt.
Lumber Industry (eamp and mill)
■ett witb fellow worktn in tbat induitry. Organise into tho Lumbor Workera
ladastrtal Union of tko 0. B. V.   Head-
Barters, 81 Cordova St. W., Vancouver.
tone Bey. 7856.
Meeta OTery int aad third Thundaya
h tha month. Pres. A, J. Wilson. See.-
•rata., J. R. Campbell, Room 910 Labor
Ttmplt. OBeo hears, 0 tm, to I pJi.
PhQBO Bay, aai,
ployeea, Loeal BB—Moots every tret
Wedneaday In tho month at 3:80 p.m.
■■d ovory third Wednesday In tke month
Kt • p.m. President, John Cummlngs,
•oootary aad business agent. A. Oraham.
Oflce and moeting haU. 614 Pender St.
W. Phone Sey. Mil. Oftee hours, 8
aja. to 0 pj».
Lntbrmational  jewelry  work-
on' Union—Moots find Md 4th Writes*, 90S Labor Temple. President, W.
Wilson, 2239 Granville Street; secreUry,
B. T. Kolly, I860 Hastings St. E.; re-
•ordlnt-aeeretary, L. Holdsworth, 630—
%Ub St. W., Korth Tanconver.
Union «f tto Ono Big Union—Afflliated
Witt B. 0. Federation of Labor and
TMOMTer Tradea Md Labor Council—
An ladostrial anion of all workers In
■oggiag ud oonstmctlon campa. Head-
ajaarters, 61 Cordova Street West, Van-
mm, B. C. Phone Boy. 7866. E,
Wlaeh. aoereUry-treaenrer; legal advls-
is, Messrs. Bird, Maedonald A Co., Van-
jaw, B. 0.;  auditors,  Messrs. Buttar
i CMoaa, Vanobnver, B. C.
Association, Loeal 88-52—Oftee and
hall, 804 Pender Street West. MeeU Int
Ud third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary.
treanrer, Thomas Nixon; business agent,
Fetor Sinclair.
Butcher Workmen's Union No. 648—
Meats Int ud third Tuesdays of eaeh
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
John SUrk; flnanolal iecretary and busi-
■tta agtnt, T, W. Anderson, 587 Homer
Lnmber Intlustry, organize into the L.
W. I. U. of tbe 0. B. U. MiUwork-
an' sections meet u follows:
Ttteouver—Lnmber Workers' headquar-
ten, 61 Cordova St. W, Every Monday
8 njn.
Mow Westminster—Labor Hall, cor. Royal
Ave. and 7th St. 2nd and 4th Wednesday! at 8 p.m.
Fraser Mills—Old Moving Picture Theatre, Maillardville. 2nd and 4th Thursday, I p.m.
Fort Moody—Orango Hall, tad ud 4th
en' Unit of tho One Big Union, Metalliferous Miners—Vaneoaver, B. C, lead-
quarters, 61 Cordova Street West, All
workers engaged In tliis Industry are
nrgtd to join tke Union before going on
tke job. Don't wait to be organised, but
organiie yourself.
North America (Vancouver and vicinity)—Branch meeta aecond and fourth
Mondays, Room 204 Labor Temple. President, Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Are. Nortk
Vucouver; financial secrotary, E. God-
dard, 866 Richards Street; recording eeentary, J. D. Russell, 928 Commercial
Drive.    Phono High. 2204R.	
Shipyard laborers, riggers and
Fasteners,   I.L.A..   Local   Union   8BA,
Series 6—Mstta tke 2nd ud 4tk Fridays
of the month, Labor Temple, I p.m.
President, William Maylor; financial aeeretary and business agent, M. Phelpa;
corresponding secretary, W. Leo. Oftee,
Room 207 Labor Tttnple.
America, Local No.-178—Meetinga held
flrst Monday in each moath, 8 p.m. Preildent, J. T. Elswortb; vice-president, A.
R. Gatenby; recording secretary, C. He-
Donald, P. 0. Box 508, Phone Seymonr
8281L; financial aeereary, Robt. MoKolah,
P. 0. Box 508.
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meeta A. 0. F. Hall, Mount Pleasant,
1st and Ord Mondaya at 10.15 a.m. and 7
p.m. Pnaldent, R. Bigby; recording
eecretary, F. E. Griftn, A47—6th Avenuo
Eut; treuurer, F. ttMawey; Inanelal
secretary and buslnesi agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4808 Dumfries Street; oftee corner
Prior and Main Sta. Phoae Fair. 8604 R.
Meete last Sunday of eaeh montk at
t p.m. President, W. S. Thomson; vlee-
preaident, C. H. Collier: secretary-tress-
nrer, R. H. Neelands, Bog 66.
Provincial Unions
In annual convention ln January. Excutlve oftcere, 1918-19: President, J.
Kavanagh, Labor Temple, Vancouver;
vice-presidents—Vancouver Island: Cumberland, J. Naylor; Victoria, J. Taylor;
Princo Rupert, Oeo. Casey; Vancouver,
W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonneil; New Wut*
minster, Oeo. McMurphy; West Kootenay, Silverton, T. B. Roberts; Crow'e
Nest Pass, W. B. Phillips, Fernle, W. A.
Sherman. Secretary-treasurer, A. 8.
Wells, Labor Temple, 401 Dunsmuir Bt,
Vanconver, B. 0.	
and Labor Council—Meets tret and
third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. President, E. S. Woodward; vice-president,
A. C. Pike; eecretary-treasurer, Okristiu
Sivertz, P. 0. Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
bor Conncil—MeetB second and fonrth
Tuesdays of each month, in Carpenten*
Hall. Preaident, B. D. McDonald; flee*
pnsldent, A. Ellis; aeeretary, Geo. Wad*
dell, Box 279, Prince Rupert, B. 0.
COUNCIL, 0, B. U.—Meets every seeond ud fonrth Tuesday In the 0. B. U.
Hall, comer Sixth avenuo and Fulton
street, at 8 p.m. Meetings open to all 0.
B. U. members. Secretary-treasurer, D.
S. Cameron. Box 217, Prince Rupert, B.C.
Phone Sey. 221      Say oi Nigfat
Nunn, Thomson ft Olegg
631 Homer Bt.  Vancouver, B. 0.
Dr. De Van's French Pills
A reliable Regulating Pill for Women, |5
a box. 8old at all Drug Stores, or mailed
to any address on receipt of price. The
Scobell Drug Co., fit. Catherines. Ontario.
Restores Vim and Vitality; for Nerve and
Brain; increases "gray matter;" a Tonic
—will build yon up. $3 a box, or two for
65, at drug stores, or by mail on receipt
of price. The Scobell Drag Co., St. Cath-
arinia, Ontario. 	
Lisbon, Portugal.—A syndicalist
organizntion of the railroad work
•rs has been formed in Portugal.
Oet   behind   The   Federationist
with your purchasing power.
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials aud employing cheap labor.
fs produced from the highest grade materials procurable
•-Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
Young Officer Gives His
Impressions of War on
London.—A young officer In the
northwest army who took part in
the Yudenitch advance on Petrograd made the following statement
to The Manchester Guardian's correspondent at Helsingfors:
"I am convinced of one thing,
that this whole businoss of war
against the Bolsheviks leads to
nothing but the destruction of
Russia itself and of honest men on
both sides. We started out with a
belief In words like democracy, but
the moment our advance looked
like being successful the northwest
government was pushed on one side
like a baby, and tho real Intentions
of the leaders becamo clear. 1
have heard of tho 'red' terror. It
could not have been worse than
the 'white' terror, In which I havo
actually taken part. If these things
came under my personal observa-
ttion you muy imagine what was
the total of terror on tlio whole
front. The worst of it was that
ne did nothing but destroy.
"I am convinced from what I
saw bofore our coming that there
was a more or less efficient working organizattlon of local government in the village Soviets. We destroyed It and put back a local autocracy In the persons of officials
and military commanders whose
object was tto get out of the villages what they could. A man with
some feelings of humanity, I suffered from what I saw. We captured
big estates run by agricultural communes—a sort of state farms, Considering all the difficulties they
were In good condition, well stocked with beasts, geese, etc., all well
cared for. We literally sacked
them, handing them over to soldiers who killed even the cows,
after which we restored the estate
to its pre-revo lution owner.
"Our people had sacked the
estates which the 'reds' had organized and the old owners have no
capital with which to run these
things themselves. It was the same
everywhere. The 'reds' had preserved palaces, etc., absolutely untouched. There was a different
story to tell after we had left
Trades Unions in Russia
Have Transferred Their
Centre of Gravity
(By the Federated Press)
London.—The Soviet regime in
Russia has not destroyed the trade
unions. It has only destroyed their
primary aim—which was for establishment of a Soviet regime. This
Is the point brought out at an All-
Russian congress of Industrial
Unions, and embodied In a set of
resolutions received here.
"The unions must now transfer
their centre of gravity to economic
reconstruction," says tbe resolution.
An Industrial union In Russia
today Is a permanent union of all
the workers In a given industry; it
represents one of the principle
bases of the organization of the dictatorship of the proletariat.
The industrial union today (under the guidance of the Communist
party) transfers its centre of gravity' to the domain of economic organization for a Communist reconstruction of society. This participation takes the following forms:
"1. General co-operation in the
organization of production on a
Communist basis.
"2. Re-establfshment of the productive power of the country,
3. Calculation and re-distrlbu-
tlon of work for the entire country,
4. Organization of the exchange
between town and country.
"6. Introduction ot labor by'
'6. Helping the state organization to provide food.
"7.    Helping to solve   the   fuel
crisis and other difficulties.
*   "7.    Giving general aid to the
formation of the red army.
"9. Fighting against the shortsighted viows of that section of the
workers which, because of its ignorance, still has the habit of regarding the proletarian state of
today as though it were the old employer,
"Because the industrial unions of
today are the Communist schools
of the proletarian and semi-proletarian masses, they have becomo
little by little an integral part of
the general mechanism of the state.
They are one of the organs of the
state of working people who accept
the rule of the soviet, because the
Soviets are the vehicle indicated by
history for the dictatorship of the
"The Communist party, on the
other hand, Is an .organization
which takes ln only the advance
guard of tho workers and poor
peasants, only that part which
fights consciously for the practical
application of the communist programme. Tho aim of the communist party is to obtain a preponderating Influence and complete control of all the workers' organizations; tho Industrial unions, the cooperatives, the rural communes and
so on. The communist party strives
specialty to introduce Its programme Into the actual organs of
state—the Soviets—and to obtain
complete control there. No doubt
can exist that In tho future the various existing organizations of the
workors will finally be united In
one form."
Philadelphia, Fa.—Tho 44-hour
week has been won by shirt work
ers here, together with a 12 per
cent, raiso for piece workers. The
negotiations were conducted by representatives of the Amalgamated
Clothing Workors of America directly with the employers. A strike
was averted by the decision.
Brilliant Orations Marie
By Accused at Teg
(Continued from page 1)
Repudiate the Second International—But Decline
to Join the Third
[By the Federated Press]
Stranbourg—Dealing the filial
blow to the now deserted Second
International, but declining to join
the Third or Moscow International,
the French Socialist Party at tho
convention Just closed here has followed the example of the Independent Socialist Party of Germany, In
their convention of Dec. 16.
For tactical and political reasons
somewhat similar to those behind
the step taken by the Indepen- j
dents, the party has evaded the
direct pronouncement of a Communist programme, while leaving
the way open lor its developn.mil
by a regime of political action and
education of the masses.
Very little opposition to the repudiation of the Socond International was voiced by the delegates. The question of joining the
Moscow International proved not
so simple, however. For months
the question of the opon affiliation
with the Soviet form of government has been tho storm centre of
the Socialist press, from "left to
right," A group for the reconstruction of the Second International,
led by Jean Louquet, grandson of
Karl Marx, gained some adherents.
The left wing group, led by Loriot,
succeeded in gaining the balance
of power in the Seine district, however, and a few days before the
convention the Paris Socialist Federation voted the Loriot programme, which called for the establishment of Soviets.
The Paris left wing group, including Loriot, Pierre Renaudel,
Raymond Lefebre and others,
made a strong flght during the
convention for unequivocal adherence, to a Communist platform. The
unified Socialists, led by such men
as Paul Faure, editor of the party
organ, L'Humanite, and L, O.
Frossard, stcretary of the party,
declared for repudiation of thc
Second International, but were not
willing to advocate the immediate
adoption of communism. They
made a strong defense of political
action. (Most of the Socialist deputies in thc chamber are members of the unified group.) . <
Paul Faure warned against premature revolution, pointing,! out
that in Italy, where the Sopjalist
Party was not only numerically
much stronger, but infinitely .better unified and disciplined, political
action had been retained as the
most effective means of eduction
and propaganda, and a revolution
had been postponed, , ,n
Patronize Fed. advertisers. t
Re "What Is a White Man"
Editor B. C. Federationist:
Our friend O. Carlson, who hails
from Egmont, B. C, desires to
havo a little "white" light on the
question of the writer's doflnltion
of white men, in an article that appeared in your papor of February
27 under the heading "Millworkers
Get Increase." In the article referred to the writer made the following statement, "Not only white
men, but Hindus, Japs, Chinese,
Swedes, Greeks, and Scotchmen,
are getting into the organization."
I am afraid more than O. Carlson
is at a loss to define white men, as
some Englishmen seem to think
that they are the only people entitled to be called white. The same
applies to some Americans, Scotchmen and many other nationalities,
but the writer can only take the
scientific explanation of what comprises white men, and that is all
those who belong to the Ayran race,
which, as O. Carlson states, includes
Hindus, Greeks, Swedes, Scotch and
many other nationalities. However,
lt ts not with the intention of being
scientific that the writer made thc
statement that seems to be causing
our friend some worry, but in a
sense of humor. The writer, who
may be classified as a Canadian,
was born ln the bush of Australia,
and could be called an Australian
bushman. He has an Irish father
and a Scotch wife with red hair,
who, like O. Carlson, does not object to be classified with the Rods,
the writer not being particular
about the boundary lines of any
particular nation, and, realizing
that there are many more like him,
therefore classified the white men
accordingly. The question, however, reminds me of a story about
a Scotchman and a Chinaman that
ia worth while telling:
The Scotchman waa in a Chinese
laundry, and asked the Chinaman
what he thought of the Americans.
The Chinaman replied, "Oh, American, him too much bluff; him talk
all tho time about flght, but him
no flght. "Well," said Scotty, "what
do you think of the Englishman?."
"Oh, Englishman, him swear alj^he
time, tell too much lies," said.-ttic
Chinaman, "Well, what do ^bu
think of the Scotchman?" ,said
Scotty (Chinaman). "Oh, Scotchman, him all right, all the s$me
Just like Chinaman." 0. ,.
That Is about the way the writer
sums up white-men; nil the sjime,'
pretty good slaves, just like Chinamen. ,-, : ■ ■
Tfustling this explanation is satisfactory, and that our frlendi In
future wiU be able to soe the .humorous side of life as well as the
serious, I am,
Tours very truly,
Twenty-three thousand new millionaires were produced in America
by the 19 months of war with
Germany, according to Senator A.
J. Gronna, North Dakota.
Prague—Tho grip of the whito
terror tn Hungary was so complete
that during the recent elections not
evon tho extreme right wing of tho
Social Democratic Party was able
to vote. Officers of the White
Guards, under the name of Catholio Nationalists, were returned in
the towns, and supporters of the
oligarchy, disguised as small landowners in the country.
radical thing ln the world. To
teach the alphabet Is to build revolution.
Went Back 100 Yesrs
"Crown counsel went back one
hundred years for his laws; you
don't blame him, but my soul re-
helled when he went back one hundred years for his economics," the
speaker continued. "A hundred
years? What has transpired in one
hundred years? You'll flnd the
fight carried on Is the fight of
He quoted Thomas Payne as saying: "To argue with a man who
renounced reason is like giving
medicine to the dead."
"Inconsistencies throb right
through that speech (Andrews'
speech to the jury), Pritchard said.
Later, "words are misconstrued,
sentences arc tacked on to disembowelled paragraphs. Mr. Andrews drew a picturo of work, sweet
enjoyayble work, He drew a picture of the village green in Merry
England, and dancing around the
Maypole. Those words come trippingly from thc mind of a corporation lawyer." Pritchard then
dealt with certain words defined by
the crown. He then described the
work of a longshoreman ln Vancouver.
His Learned Friend
"I want to tell you that if Mr.
Andrews goes through that work
for twelve months, he will uso the
word '-»lug' just as I am beginning to uso the words 'my learned
"It is not the kind nor amount
of stuff I read, but what I read, and
how I read it," he said.
"Why were-men rushed to Stony
Mountain penitentiary? My learned friend .talks as lf it was a measure of safety for the men themselves. I suppose they dragged me
back from Calgary and put mo in
Stony Mountain for the same purpose. Now, the British Labor Congress last year demanded that the
British government bring pressure
on the Canadian government not
to deport British citizens without
a trial. Wry did these British workers take the position they did?
Crown Counsel referred to burglars who work In the night. We
have found burglars are not thc
only ones who work ln the night.
There was not one word about burglars who walk around in broad
daylight, clothed In garments of
respectability. I believe you aro
Intelligent enough to drive your
own minds."
Quoting from certain articles fn
the Western Labor News, used as
exhibits by the crown, he said: "It
is the privilege therefore, as a British subject, to use them in my defense, even if I had nc fer seen
them before.
"Under a constitution that is free
and a constitution that moves, lt
will be by ballot, because the ballot is the most up-to-date method. To use other methods would
be the height of stupidity. Ho
traced the development of the parliamentary institutions.
Quotes Encyclopaedia
"I would like to quote the articles on Socialism from the Encyclopaedia, he said:
Judge Metcalfe: "Oh, I hardly
think It Is necessary.
A. J. Andrews, crown prosecutor: "These articles in the Enclo-
paodla are frequently written by
those sympathetic." Pritchard,
however, was permitted to adopt
the Encyclopaedia as part of his
own argument.
Mr. Andrews: "Karl Marx may
have written many books, but we
are concerned only with these
books which aro in here as exhibits."
Would Not Trouble
Discussing the Communist manifesto, Pritchard said: "For the first
time in the British Empire, as far
as wc know, it has been dragged
into a court in Manitoba, where ft
will be said, 'this is poison.'
"Do you want crown counsel Indicted?" Judge Metcalfe asked.
"I would not trouble to write out
an indictment against them, for as
Goethe said, 'I always know that
I am travelling when I hear the
dogs bark," Prltchard replied, as
he pointed to crown counsel.
"If I were to take the Bible and
deal with it as Mr. Andrews dealt
with the Communist manifesto, I
could make It look worse."
He scored the mounted police for
taking only a little here and there
out of libraries. Into your house
they go, and take what they like,
and they use what they like. They
say you can put in evidence though
they got four times as much as
they brought here, lt is still In the
mounted police barracks lo Vancouver.
Condemns Tactics
"They talk about the Immorality
of the Communist manifesto,
though Dr. Buger, the great criminologist, shows the same thing,
"The mounted police were acting
on Instructions only to seize what
they considered to be useful to
Condemning certain orown tactics, he exclaimed: "Their ease Is
so vile In its charaoter and shady
In its construction as to try and
prejudice your minds again me.
"Because of the paucity of the
English language, the term revo-
ultion Is used for all kinds of
things,"   Prltchard   said,   Tuesday
Reviewing the labor position In
New Zealand, Harry E, Holland,
leader of the New Zealand Labor
party, states that labor has made a
considerable advance In that country during the war. In 1914, labor
polled 45,987, and In 1919 the vote
was 125,970—an Increase of 79,
D83. .Labor's standing in the New
Zealand parliament wns four
members in 1914, and today it
eight straight-out Labor, and
three Independent Labor membors,
Had the elections been conducted
on proportional lines, they would
have had 19 members.
Buy at a union store.
Davenport, Ia.—The Socialist
party scored big In the school
elections here. The party polled
1200 votes, to 1400 for the non
partisans, a union of all other
party organizations. Out of six
Wards, the Socialists carried three.
The two non-partisan candidates
were bankers.
Wc patronize those who patronize us.
afternoon. "The movement of the j
earth around the sun is a revolution. The scientist does not distinguish growth (evolution) from
change (revolution.) He referred
to various revolutions which came
peacefully. A hen sits on an egg
and destroys it as an egg. There
comes the growth of the chick within the shell. The sensible chicken
picks the cell and all that Is left Is
the shell. It Is oragnic revolution.
A change is inevitable so society
must change by breaking the shell
or die. It is not matter of hate,
Its a matter of growth. I'm going
to take you back to your old farm
again—you are called up in the
night. That old cow is about to
calve. After a certain period of
growth there's a birth. A revolution
has taken place. There is birth,
growth, decay. So it is -nith social epochs. There is birth, growth,
decay. When they see the calf
alongside of the cow, they can
write whatever they like on their
books as law. They can do What
they like, gentlemen, but they can
not put that calf back, gentlemen.
You can't, put conditions grown out
of previous conditions back again.
You cannot put the clock of time
back again.
Change Coming
"We see the next great change,
It may take 20, 30 or 50 years,
but it's coming, just as wo can follow tho growth of chicken or the
calf. We can see tho change in
society. Just'"as Mr, Queen said:
If we can seo a shower coming,
we are doing our best by telling
them to get out their umbrellas.'
"Now I come to another point.
Surely in the last three weeks you
have heard almost everything that
was bad about mn, You have heard
a most telling picture told you
about myself. Queen, Heaps and
the others on trial. You heard his
lordship tell you, possibly from
professional motives, that we
should have counsel. Do you think
any one could tell you like Mr,
Queen, about his own expetfences?
I do not know how you may decide, but I want you to seo what
kind of men these men nre. When
Paul went.into the city of Ephesus,
silversmiths, lawyers and the citizens committee of Enhesuu called
out: 'Our calling is in dnnger, grent
is the Diana of the Ephfcsiaris.'"
For two hours at Tuesday night's
session, Mr. .Prltchard discussed
the development of industry, the.|
efforts made to hold back Labor
organization, the divisions of craft
unions, lho lack of enforcement of
Labor laws and tlie need for Ono
Big Union.
Must Have One Union
"If we workingmen are to hold
any chance at all, we must mako
a combination since the mauufac
turers themselves are in ono big
union—one big uuion of manufacturers, one big union of thu Canadian Manufacturers Association,
making it again a combination of
the weak against tho strong," he
He then gave a resume of the
laws against workers organizing.
"My learned friend goes back
100 years," he continued, "He does
well. It was a time when the workingmen of Great Britain kept
tlieir union books on the moors in
the north country. The history of
the fight for the 10-hour day Ib the
result of ceaseless effort on the
part of the individuals comprising
these unions. Every gain wrenched from the opposition Is thc cease
less effort on the part of those who
have gone before for the right of
work Ingmon's combination. A11
along the line, they had to keep
their eyes open, and watch that
those dearly bought liberties were
not taken from them. It Is by the
ceaseless vigilance of the workers
of Great Britain and by that alone
that free press and free speech
huve been maintained for us."
Some mention has been made in
thiB courtof Peterloo. Here ho
quoted (Shelley).
"One thing that hurt me more
than anything is the vast bulk of
learned Ignorance that I flnd
among learned men. -Peterloo will
be remembered In all times," he
"There are things marked up In
theso exhibits as seditious which,
If I were to take them back to the
author of 'Tarn O'Shanter,' he
would turn In his grave." Here he
quoted Bobble Burns,
"There comes a time over which
a man has no control," he said, in
an explanation of the deveiopp
ment of modern Industry.
"I wish I could take you through
a bakery where the mixing, cutting
up, kneading, are all done by machinery.
Worker At Appendage
"What Is true of the bakery, Is
true of every Industry under the
sun, where the worker becomes
merely an appendage of the machine. The worker is forced from
his skill, taken from various gradations tn our ranks. The journey
man carpenter said he was better
than the hod carrier. Now ho haB
a bag and claw hammer and muscle. These are the facts which force
the workers into one big union.
These things force them into one
big union more than the rhetoric
bombast of industrial unionists,
more deadly to the capitalist than
the one big union or the Socialist
Party, is that machine which crossed the Atlantic last year without
touching water. The cutting of the
Panama Canal Is more deadly than
any one big union, because lt
cheapened commodities on the
market. This throws many workers Into the ranks of the unemployed. Unemployment brings a
social crisis. Sabotage is the keystone of the modern commercial
world. Modern business is sabotage. The destroying of one's fellow's property Is sabotage. All
these vices arise because modern
business is only sabotage.
"The development of the truat
Itself, the development of business
made it necessary almost for workers to organize on that same method."
He pointed out how the casual
worker must be In an organization
which ignores craft divisions.
Tbe Machine Did It
"The machine having broken
down, the craft divisions, the worker must do away with craft division," he declared. "There came
rovolution ln the construction of
buildings. The lather came along
and put on laths. His was a skilled
trade. Then on oame the plasterer,
he put on the flrst and second coat.
He had his craft organization,
There was no disagreement between them. Then an Inventive
machine came along and made
plaster board. In an International
organization,   like   tha   American
Carters Old Country Seeds for
Your Garden
All kinds—flower and vegetable—in generous pkgs., 10c.
peas arfft Beans 19o
Carter's Lawn Seeds—Sow now
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Spencer Variety Sweet Peas, in
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Apple    Trees—Choice,    well
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Raspberry Canes, extra strong,
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Bay Laurels, each  .$1.50
Holly Trees, from $1.50
Strawberry Plants, dozen..75c
Roses—Ulrich Brunner ...50c
Frau Karl Drusohk.   $1.00
Caroline Testout  750
Daily Mail   ....< $1.00
—Seed Dept., Cordova St.
Almost all who like gardening and the pleasures It brings,
and who wish to be successful
gardeners, will find a great
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Vegetable Growing Made Easy
for 4«o
Sweet Peas and How to Grow
Them  ' *be
Practical Potato Growing. .45o
First Steps In Gardening.. .45c
Bulb   Growing  for  Amateurs
for 45c
Book of Gardening $0c
The    Vegetable    Garden,    by
Bennett OOo
The Garden Primer ... .$1.00
Beeton's All About Gardening,
600 Illustrations    $1.50
All About Gardening, by Roberts  *1.50
, The Spraying of Plants . .$1,60
The Pruning Manual ... .$S.00
Manual    of    Gardening,     by
Bailey    M-00
The Gaardenlng at Home,  by
Thomas W.50
Productive Orcharding ..$2.50
Garden Flowers aa They Grow
for  »2.50
Tho   Rose  Book,   by   H.   H.
Thomas  $2.50
Tho Ideal Garden,   by   H.   H.
Thomaa- 12.50
—Book Dopt, Main Floor.
Named Shoes are frequently mad*
in Non-union factoriei
No matter what its name, unleu
it bears a plain and readable impression of this UNION STAMP.
All Shoes without tne UNION STAMP ue alwaya Non-union
So sot accept any excuse fer absence of tbe Union Stamp
C0LL1S LOVELY, General President— CHA8. L. BA1NE, Oenenl Stc.-TrcM.
Federation of Labor, the international ollicers will Bay you have to
flght for it, Plasterers' organizers
came along and say the eame
thing; They fight bitterly. Their
method of organization has not
kept pace with the machine. The
carpenter comes along and says:
"'What oro you lighting about?'
He puts it on with a claw hammer, that suits the boss. The boss
says, 'You go to it.' Ho gets 60c
an hour Instead of 65c an hour.
"So you see we are forcod to organize differently. We would not
care who does the work."
Mr. Pritchard asked lf he could
go into the formation of other craft
Judge Metcalfe: "I presume they
have been told they join the American institution, and that American
institutions do not govern here, as
a mutter of law."
"If the machine has broken down
the craft form, then let us do away
with the craft," he continued.
"The workors have decided that
Instead of having separate organizations with separate sets of
books, separato business agents,
let us get together. Instead of
having all these various craft divisions, and ail those vnrious fights
over craft autonomy again, we have
combination, combination—organization of the weak against the
"If his lordship showed prejudice against me, I would not blame
him. Tou could only take my experience and training to understand my point of view."
Law j its Don't Understand
He pointed-out that most lawyers, because of their training, do
not understand Labor. He did not
say this in condemnation, because
he sometimes seriously considered
taking up the study of law himself. Tho crown endeavored to
show that resolutions coining from
machinists at the Quebec conference favored Industrial unionism.
"Whether they came from Russell and Johns or not, they would
have come from the machinists,
because they see these changes in
their shops," he said. "There waa
great dissatisfaction among the
Western representatives with the
machino politics of congress. One
of them has held a job for the government for fifteen years, which
made him actually, lf not in reality, the King's printer."
A. J. Andrews: "I don't know
why we should permit an attack
on Mr. Draper."
Judge Metcalfe: "He may not be.
a fool because he is a government
Mr. Prltchard: "He may be anything ln the world but thut."
Judge Metcalfe: "What is it you
want to say about Draper?"
Ur. Prltchard: "I couldn't tell
you, my lord, all that I want to say
about Draper."
Judge Metcalfe: "Well, Prltchard, we haven't much to do with
Draper, X think."
During the laughter which followed, Judge Metcalfe said: "Mr.
Prltchard, would you like to sit
down?" He called a court attendant to take one of his (the
judge's chairs) for Pritchard.
Mr. Andrews: "Prltchard has
been very good, my lord."
Mr. Prltchard: "I think so, too;
yes, I only scold Mr. Andrews when
I think lt is necessary.
The One Big Union states Its
position as simple as It cun. I have
Hot got the constitutions of the International Association of Machinists, and the American Foderation
of Labor here, so you cannot luko
their preambles and set them
against that of the One Big Union,
but their preambles are almost
"I know well enough that this
country cannot be bound by a for
eign organization, and yet we have
a man taken Into the government
of this country who is bound by
the constitution of the American
Federation of Labor."
Judge Metcalfe: "The court or
Jury is not bound by any member
of the cabinet."
Mr. Andrews: "Apparently accused thinks now he can tell the Jury
anything ho likes."
Judge Metcalfe: "Must I tell tbo
Jury that there Is no evidence
showing that Gideon Robertson ll
a member of the American Federation of Labor."
Mr. Andrews: "He can not tetot
to any one but Gideon Robertson,
minister of Labor."
Judge Metcalfe: "I know one Labor mun who became a member o*
the legal profession; I'll say nothing about myself. I worked pretty
Political Actios
Mr. Prltchard: "They say we repudiated political action In that
Calgary convention, yet when that
question came up the chairman
(Kavanagh) said it was not within
the scope of the congress, and we
would have to lay it on the table."
Ho explained how the newspaper
men got their instructions about
how to deal with political meetings
and other events, and how the
length of a roport Is guided by the
amount of space available In that
particular Issue,
"We find counsel trying to find a
number of us guilty on a reporter'^
notes, not thut he made at tho
time, but what he slept on."
Mr. Prltchard said: "If he had
the nightmare that night, how
much of the meeting and how
much of the nightmare would get
Into his notes??" Mr. Prltchard
asked. He criticised the mounted
police constables for biased reports
of utterances made by himself In
meetinga at Calgary and Winnipeg.
"There Is not any evidence about
the speeches I nlade In any other
place," he said, "and they have
just a Uttle dripping from the entire trough of what I said In Calgary, and just a little carding from
what I said at a meeting ln Winnipeg, where Woodsworth and Ivens
Ko Evidence
"There Is not one scrap of evidence from any speeches which I
made in Vancouver in which I lived
for five years, and where I was a
member of a trade union fighting
alongside my fellows, addressing
them and being addressed, but no
evidenco from thore, merely from
speeches in Calgary and Winnipeg.
"The wholo thing appears to me
to be the most delightful concoction ever conjured forth ln tho
legal mind of any mun."
He told about the lumber Jacka
opposing Insanitary condition!, in
lumber enmps. If those workers'
banded together, do you think that
would be seditious? lf they knew
the laws regarding them would
never be observed until they ha-1
organization to make them be observed. Would you blame workers
for organizing?"
Ho told how tho bosses get
around the laws. How can you
make htm obey the law without
economic organization?
"There is no moro peaceful or
law-abiding member of the community under the sun than the industrial workers, although no
member Is more goaded by that
condition than the industrial worker," He described coal mining
conditions in British Columbia.
"He told how the inspector who
^reported gas, according to law,
was told to get out by the boss.
Also how the industrial organization brought the bosses to time,
und told how tho employers are
supposed to pay wages twico m
(Continued on page 7)
Phono Seymour 2350
' r APPAREL FOR MEN    ' r
820 Granville St. Vancouver, B. C. FBmAY.v-.VTv.-..Man* M,  Mlt
v AMommm, a. a
Quality .'. Service
642-GranviIle Street-642
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Here Tl»7 Am, Indexed rot Too
lte Ualon lba, Ont This Ott ua Olve It to Ton Wife
Buk of Toronto. Hutingi * Cambie; Victoria, Merritt ud Vow Westminster.
Boyal Bank of Canada, lt Bracket In Vancouver, tt In & Ok
Bkeiiy'i- ■    .-  ..Phona Fairmont 44
Tisdalls Limit "
J. A. Flett.
Brilliant Orations Made
By Accused at Teg
(Continued from paf* t)
_«18 Hastinga -Street Waat
 Hastings Street Woat
Pocket Billiard Parlor-
Con Jones (Brunswick Fool Booms) .....___.
Boots and Shoes
.41 Hastings Btreet Eaat
 .Hastinsa Streot East
Goodwin Shoo Co, _.
Ingledew Shoo Store...
"K" Boot Slop-  	
Pierre Vatia.—...'..——.——....—.-.r.—
Wm. Dick Ltd...
...lit Hastings Streot East
 060 OranvUle Street
 319 Hastings Street West
..64 Hastings Street West
..Hastings Street East
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street Wost
MacLachlan-Taylor Company S3 Cordova Street West
Cornett Bros. 56 Hastings W.
Golden Onto Cafo  Hastings Street East
0. B. U. Model Cafo ST Cordova .Street West
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
Arnold k Quigley    540 OranviUe Streot
Ctamana, Ltd 153 Hastings Street West
Clubb k Stewart 309-315 Hastings Streot West
B. 0. Outfitting Co- 342 Hastings Street West
Wm. Dick Ltd : 33-49 Hastings Street East
Thos. Foster k Co., Ltd .. . 614 OranvUle Street
J. W. Foster k Co., Ltd...
..345 Hustings Street West
J. N. Harvey Ltd  115 Hastings Wost and Viotorla, B. 0.
The Jonah-Prat Co 401 Hastings Streot West
Hew York Outfitting Co.   143 Hastings Streot West
David Spencer Ltd  -  — Hastings Street
W. B. Brumitt  . —_— Cordova Streot
  OranvUle Street
...Hastings and Abbott Streets
..112 Hastings Wost
Thomaa k McBain	
Woodwards Ltd — 	
Viotor Clothes Shop	
D. K. Book  ..  117 HaBtings Street Wost
Vancouver Co-operative ..'. T...H Pendor Street WeBt
Blckson's 820 Qranvllle St.
 929 Main St., Seymonr 1441 and 465
   1001 Main Street
Kirk k Co., Ltd	
Maedonald Marpole Co...
Fraaer Valley Dairies—
..6th Avenne and Yukon Street
Drs. Brett Anderson ud Douglaa Cassclmi
Dr. W. J. Curry..-.—
Dr. Gordon Campbell.
Dr. Lowe.
! Hastings West
..301 Dominion Building
Dr. Orady...
Britannia Boor-..—
Cascado Beer............
Hotol WeBt ...
Patricia Cabarot—
Tail—Soft Drinks...
Vu Bros '—
 Cornor OranvUle and Bobson Streets
 Cornor Hastings and Abbott Streets
 Corner Hastings and Seymour Streets
.—  Westminster Brewery Co.
   Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
.444 Carroll Streot
.411 Hastings Street East
.. .409 Dunsmuir Street
—. Ciders and wines
.Vancouver Drug Co.._._	
..Any of their six storoa
Famous Cloak k Suit Co-
Dry Goods
..623 Hastings Street West
Vance aver Co-operative 41 Ponder Street West
Brown Bros. & Co, Ltd.— 48 Hastings East and 72S Granvillo Street
Funeral Undertakers
Nunn, Thomson k Olegg   531 Homer Street
Hastings Furniture Co.-  .41 Hastings Street West
Ballard Furniture Storo 1024 Main Street
Homo Furniture Company 41S Main Streot
Cal-Van Market  Hastings Btreet Opposite Pantages
"Slaters" (threo stores).— .Hastings, OranviUe and Main Streots
Woodwards.    .Hastings and Abbott Streots
Spencer' Ltd.    .-__._.. Hastings Street
Vancouvor Co-operative 41 Pendor Street West
Black and Whito Hat Storo Cor. Haatinga and Abbott Streets
Birks Ltd...   GranvUle and Georgia Stroeti
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H. MalHn.   (Malkia's Bast)
Overalls and Shirts
•■Big Horn" Brand (Turner Boston k Co., Viotorla, B. a)
—  a. 64! OranviUe
Printers and Engravers
Cowan * Brookhouse.  	
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co...
...Labor Templo
Tower Building
t, O. I Ui and the 0, N. B.
(Tom tho Tailor. —  524 GruvUlo St.; 318 Hutings W.
Abrams tho Tailor ..814 Hastings West
J. A. Flott   Hastings Streot Weat
- Martin, Finlayson * Mather.      -  Hastings Stmt West
Theatres and Movies
Empress    Orpheum „...__._ Pantages
10 Sub. Cards
Quod for one jtsr's iiibicription to Tkt
B. C. FWeratloniat, will be mallod to
ur addrena tn Canada (or 117.50.
(Good anywhere outside •! Vancouver
city.) Ordor tan today. EgUt whaaaald.
month, but do not livo w to thli
Mr. Andrew* objected, declaring
he drew pictures for the lost fifteen
minutes about conditions about
which no evidence In trial shows.
Judge Metcalfe: "It's time wasted. I told you, gentlemen of the
jury, not to consider such mat-
Mr. Prltchard: "Gentlemen of
jury, I can't tell you of these conditions' that we are up againat
Its marvellous what could be gathered between Halifax and Vlotoria
to suit the purposes of the crown
in this prosecution."
He was going to tell a story about
an Irishman at a public mealing,
just at 10 o'clock, when Mr. Andrews made anothor objection.
Tho Judge said Mr. Pritchard
might give hla story. Mr. Pritchard
applied it to crown counsel. Tho
Irishman attended a meeting. Ho
got up ln Its midst and said: "Shuer
be jabbers, we understand every
word yo don't say."
"We'll sleep on that, 'Mr. Pritchard)" the jury foreman said, and
tho court adjourned.
All Right in Old Land
"It la all right to pass resolutions
on Russia* ln Nottingham, South-
port, London, Glasgow, Manchester, but not In Calgary, ln Winnipeg," Mr. Pritchard said, In resuming his apeech Wednesday morn-
"What aro gentlemen of the
crown doing? Truly they learn nothing, they forget nothing."
Ia It that they ara trying t* havo
remembered the name of, Prltchard
or some othor humble working
man, while they forget in Ignominy
and contempt tho nam* of A, J.
Andrews, King's counsel?
"How about the suppression of
the dictatorship of tho financiers of
foreign lands ln Canada? How
about about tho suppression of the
dictatorship of Wall street financiers in copper mines in British Columbia? The Rockefellers, tho
Standard Oil Company?
"They let Canada go without
newspapers so that pulp could flow
to the United States, Into the coffers of WaU street? Wo cannot
touch industry ln Canada of any
account without touching United
States capital."
He condemned the United States
Labor organizations and praised
the British.
Mr. Pritchard pointed out why
the Western Labor conference did
not deal with political organization
questions, just as farmers do not
deal with such questions at conventions of their economic organizations. '■
"The charge that th©- Western
Labor conference repudiated parliamentary action is entirely false."
He said: "It Is the rfght of the
Brtiish subject to promulgate any
theories they desire, so long as they
do not resort to violence."
In the Wednesday afternoon session, he discussed various subjects.
When the farmers of North Dakota got control of the government, the farmers of Alberta sent
greetings. There was no difference
tn the greetings sent by workers.
He said it was very easy to refer
to the mass of evidence when
mounted police spies raid hundreds of homes and pick out a Uttle
here and there.
Mr. Prltchard scored Gideon
Robertson, a responsible minister
cf the crown, for sending out garbled report of a letter referring to
funds forwarded by Lnbor unions,
in a jocular manner as "Bolsheviki
funds." These reports were sent
broadcast to alK over Canada in
newspapers. Mr. Pritchard read
from a letter said to havo been
written by R. J. Johns to R. B.
Russell, tii which he said he saw
by the papers that he was called
chairman of the Soviet in Winnipeg. The crown had inferred that
Johns made these statements himself, whereas he merely wrote that
newspapers made these references.
He also quoted from numerous
articles on Russia, which had appeared In the Manchester Guardian, including several by Arthur
Ransome and stated they were reprinted ln certain exhibits put In
by the crown. -
E. J. McMurray, who spoke on
Saturday dealt with the class of
.witnesses called by the crown, including detectives and employers.
He wanted to know if their evidence could have been Impartial.
Declaring that neither tho attorney general of Manitoba nor the
attorney general of Alberta, Is back
of the prosecutions, McMurray
dealt with tho activities of the Dominion government.
Tho strike occurred in Manitoba,
while the Western Labor conference, or the conventions criticized
by the crown, were held in Calgary, Alberta.
Immigration Act Passed
"There is no trial except here
where tho strike took place," he
said. "Following tho visit of Gideon Robertson, minister of Labor,
to this city, an amendment was
passed to the Immigration Act by
the Dominion parliament, through
which any of you men in the jury
box, who were born in that home
of liberty—tho British IbIos—and
who has not been naturalized ln
Canada, can be deported without
trial by jury.
"If you -were not born in Canada
or naturalized in Canada, you can
be deported from Canada without
trial by Jury. That act was passed
on June 6, 1919, and through It,
trial by jury was abolished in Canada for hundreds of thousands of
men of British birth who crossed
the sea to fight for Canada.
"The government of Canada enacted that piece of legislation. The
homes of these aldormen in Winnipeg, were broken Into in tho dead
of night, and they were led Uke
felons to exocutlon with Irons upon
them; not to the Provincial Jail,
but to   tho   Dominion Institution.
Wo find, mr learnod friond, tho .owd, followed John Quota,
crown   prosecutor,    going    down W*o mado an   eloquont   -tUrem,
thero to bold a trial   Wo find html i^glnning hla spooch lato Thurs-
glorying In what ho did.   Tou to-- Why afternoon and speaking at all
member bow bo gloated, bow, when,
the ruffians invaded tbo city hall,
ho said that In TS hours these men1
would bo on the water. Why,
would be acqulsce ln a trial of
these men by jury? Did he want
to give them a fair trial? He did
not waat to give them any trial. Is
It any wonder that the accused
protested strenuously against him
representing the King? They said
he could not give them a fair trial.
Did they realize they had gone
step too far, and that the people of
Canada would not favor it? Gentlemen, they did not send them out
of the country, despite my learned
friend's statement that they would
be on the water ln 72 hours. He
has not told you why they were not
deported under that Immigration
Act? TtTey proceeded to trial by
Not Fair
"A government that prosecutes a
man for his- opinion, commits an
act of the deepest dye; a government prosecution of a numbor of
men for thetr opinion, Is as damnable as it is foolish.
"The crown has not conducted
this case with that degree of fairness whfch we would expect it to
adopt. Spies and detectives, have
gathered together these documents
and found the samo In tho homes
of English-speaking citizens and
not of any foreigners.
"They gathered It here and there
and all over, picking a b'it here and
a bit there. Is It right, and would
you want to meet a charge of that
kind, they go through this newt-
paper which If read fully and fairly
might Indicate tho views of the oditor, but do they read it all fully
and carefully? Why the whole
thing In the hands of tho crown
proved to be a most seditious publication. Tou have got to take bit
by bit, and by all what a man
stands for, and what institutions
he upholds.
sessions Friday. Owing to
lo strain ho was unablo to con-
hue Saturday morning, but re-
imed Monday afternoon. v*
"I ask you to consider the
times In wbleh we live/' Iven said.
.'There are abnormal hours, today.   I am charged with sedition.
Perjury Witness
"They deal with the Irrelevant In.
discussing the thing, but not with
the essential thing, that Is, whether
It was a strike or a rebellion.
He referred to Zaneth of the
Mounted Police, as a "perjury witness. Is It this line carried out by
the crown counsel that will be upheld by the people of Canada?" he
said. "It is a mare's nest. It is a
deliberate attempt having failed to
railroad these citizens out of this
country, to railroad them to Jail to
substantiate the charges they have
made that these men are not honest, they are hypocritical. Whon
they say they are standing out for
liberty and principle, they are
standing out for dollars and centB.
Thero are MlduseB In this city who
have asses' cars, and are not in
touch with the times. They know
not what they do; they havo fallen
and worshipped the golden calf."
During one of Mr. McMurray's
criticisms of crown couhSel, Mr.
Andrews interrupted, saying: "I
think, my lord, I will got a dictionary so that my learned friend can
flnd a few words more that hu
can apply to me."
'I could not flnd In the dictionary what I would like to say, or
what I would like to think,'' Mr.
McMurray rcpplled.
Mr. McMurray referred to tho
crown counsel representing the citizens committee at the city councU
Got His Orders
"By the 10th of June the whole
thing was completed. Meighen
aud Robertson had amended the
Immigration Act, and the mayor
had taken his orders from tlie Citizens Committee, and the police
were fired," Mr. McMurray snid.
"They picked their witnesses
with great care to secure conviction, us they picked the lines and
extracts from documents put in as
exhibits. It is a chain wtth tbe
weakest links that crown counsel
has ever fashioned.
Would Condemn Christ
"If the crown counsel had been
present In the courtroom, the day
of the trial of Christ, the charge
that he would laid against him
would have been one of seditious
conspiracy. They would have
charged against his as an 'overt'
uct the sermon on the mount."
Mr. McMurray continued his address Mondny. Twenty-two interruptions were mado in loss thnn
threo hours, many of them by
Judge Metcalfe himself.
When Mr.. Andrews made ono objection, the judge remarked:" "I
don't want to havo all counsel for
the accused abandon their cases,
and will have to deal with them
softly. Understand, gentlemen of
tho Jury, that in this case, the court
Is undercut, and we will let the
counsel pretty woll run It."
During one discussion between
the judge and Mr. McMurray, w.
H. Trueman, K. 0., well known
constitutional lawyer, who had defended Alderman Heaps, until tho
judge refused to let him read an
article from the Encyclopapcdla
Brltannica on Socialism, spoke to
Mr. McMurray.
"I understand my learned
friend, Mr. Trueman, had withdrawn from the case," Mr. Andrews said.
'Oh, yes, I told him he could
take hts quittance, and be quitted,"
the judge replied.
"You wish to make a statement
with me, do you?" Judge Metcalfe
said, at another point.
'Not unless I could refer to the
utterances of well known men as
to Socialism, to show what people
think," Mr. Trueman replied.
"We're not making much headway, my lord," he said, following
more discussion.
"Not very much," the judge declared, the Incident thereby ending.
Cannot Crush Aspirations
If my learned friend thinks that
he can crush the aspirations of
these men, he is mistaken, for other
men will carry on the battle," Mr.
McMurray continued. "If you Jurymen want to win the praises of
some ln the banking oltlces In the
East, of the great manufacturers of
Eastern Canada, I think you twelve
farmer men of Manitoba will receive thanks for sending down
your eight fellow men. The spiders of Wall street, Montreal and
Toronto, will greet you with great
pleasure if you send them down.
"I repudiate the suggestion that
we counsel for th0 accused have
bcen  deliberately  drawing  a  red
Saves Ubor*   The CoupOU he,Tln* across the trail, with great
witb each packagi
taWc in theauslves.
witb oach package tie a re8?ect t0 thejudse' wo repudlat8
■such a suggestion."
il    Rev Win. Ivans. ,
A* year ago I was. editor of the
Labor paper, a year beforo I was
pastor of a Methodist church; I
am atill pastor of the Labor
church. If I had never been born
the strike would have been here.
"Is thero a profiteer on trial
today? Not one. Gentlemen,
whether I am to stay out of penitentiary or go to Calvary, I will
tell the truth, Since coming into
this court I have found that things
In this court are of two colors-
one of thom what they seem to
be and the other what they do not
seem to be. Mr. Andrews says,
'Yes, they talked,' 'do nothing,'
during the strike, but they meant
something else. I suppose If wo
said to the workers, 'use violenco,'
we would have meant peace.
Gentlemen, lt Is a smoked screen.
No such charges wore made when
was pastor of the Methodist
church, but I was then active In
a labor church to which people
came by thousands, and according
to one witness eight or nine thousand were present at one of theso
'I became editor of the Labor
paper because I wanted to*preach
without a salary, and because I
had to earn my living. I wanted
to preach to these peoplo whom
I knew had not large means without a salary. I had no hesitancy,
that becauso being pastor of tho
Labor church and editor of tho
Labor paper, I think I know conditions of life of tho workera ln
this city, as these workers are not
the men of which cowards aro
"The things you think right today you may consider wrong tomorrow. 'Consistency, thou art a
jewel.' I do not want to be consistent. If I think a thing right
today and tomorrow I think it
wrong, I will risk the inconsistency.
"Pictures are made valuable not
by the weight of paint.
'The crown wants to Impress
upon you that the mass of Labor's
Ideas are crooked. I want to show
you that this mass, in reality, Is
the throwing of .the soul of labor
oh the canvas to get Justice, a
living wage. It is not to become
'dictators, but to free themselves
from dictators. I am not a con-
■imimtor, but am with others 'con-
ispired against."
'''Tii'. speaker discussed the oco-
■Wbirilo, system where ten men are
VVrsliing for one Job, and the em-
fpK/yer insists upon paying them
iS.RO per day instead of $8. He
ftbliited out that where the
'M/tttkers are organized they would
not underbid each other and bring
down the atandurd of living tn
order to obtain work from a master. He described'how impersonal
t&iftloyers asked about the dtvl-
Mends at the end of the year, and
Explained how wthe manager has
[to produce profits. He must keep
.sown wages. Then he explained
farm conditions, with which he
was familiar as a young man. He
told how tho farmer on the haystack and his farm-hand worked
together, "You doing your bit and
I doing mine." At this period
Judge Metcalfe said he objected to
Mr. Andrews shaking his head,
and if counsel had anything to
say he should say lt.
" 'Strike, strike, strike,' Mr. Andrews says Labor declared; I
might say 'Arrest, arrest, arrest'
until they arrest somebody In the
night," defendant continued.
"When counsel for the crown
says trndes unionism Is legal, and
Industrial unionism Illegal, I say
lt Is legal, and the workers have
a right to advocate it so long as
thoy keep within the laww. The
crown tries to build a rope out of
theso particles of sand hoping to
build up a seditious conspiracy. It
ts true Mr. Andrews wants a conviction; I knew that for a long
time, hut it is not tho view of the
citizens' committee with which we
should be concerned. I am glad I
am nolo to plead my case boforo
you men. I am glad I do not have
to leavo it to the citizens' committee. Right named lawyers are
leaders ln the trial, and four of
you here," he said, pointing at the
crown counsel's table, "were
membors of that committee. I
look you In tho eyes and say that
I would rather be defending myself than be any of you men."
Ho referred to tho Walker theatre meeting, and the resolutions
passod there. "Certain resolutions were passed and sent down
to the minister of justice, and the
acting premier. Does that took
as if they were seditious? Government .--pica reported that meeting. Sergeant Langdale reported
on It to his superior, next morning. It was reported in the daily
papers, and then in a weekly
paper, yet, the crown did not arrest us until tho citizens' committer decided that tbo strike had to
bb'smashed, although the meeting
took place In December. We were
ttrfej.tc.il the following June.
.^■"Gentlemen, I am a'pacifist. I
will say it to you and I will not
bltiijh either. Yet it cannot be
said that I ever said that a soldier
who went over tb the front and
came back Is disloyal; I suppose
flflg conscripts who lined up with
the citizens' committee were loyal,
and the conscripts with the
strikors were disloyal. It Is not
1 *Mr. Androws referred to
'Mooney, the bomb thrower,' and
that you would expect a pacifist
Who does not believe In force
would not uphold bomb-throwers,
He did not go on and say that
President Wilson asked for amnesty and a fair trial."
Mr. Ivens. "There Is ne evidence that he Is a bomb-thrower,
oither. Crown counsel had no
evidence when he said Mooney
was a bomb-thrower."
Judge Metcalfe: "There is no
evidence regarding Presidont Wilson's action."
Mr. Ivens: "They say that
I asked for mercy for Debs.
Is It a sin to plead for a man liko
that? Yet the crown says that a
thing which was not seditious at
one time Is seditious at another.
Have we fallen so low that a plea
for mercy has become seditious?
He read from an article published In the Western Labo* News
favoring a combination of tbo
farmer*, returned soldi en
labor men. "Then Mr. Androws
turns around and any* that these
strikers would be your masters.1
tho speakor said. Ha showed from
a quotation ln tha Western .Labor
Newa that ha at all times advocated constitutional means. Bo
referred to Meyers' History of
Canadian Wealth, which waa advertised la the Grain Growers'
Guide, whtcb might be ln the
homes of the Jurors. He pointed
out that if they bad It In thoir
possession a few months ago they
might havo been arrested for having banned literature.
How would you like to bave
your sick babies taken out of
their warm beds and put on the
floor while spies searched under
the mattresses? Would you expect to have your very prayer
brought into court as evidence.
"My claim is that tba crown has
not proof that It Is a oharge of
seditious conspiracy—it cannot
prove it, because there was no
seditious conspiracy. The crown
haa thrown its lassoo Into evory
part of the Dominion and taken
literature from varloua houses.
When lt comes to news, I would
print the news of the world without comment, tf I could. There
are seventy-four separate issues of
the Western Labor News in theae
volumes, and yet the crown brings
to your attention nine articles, so
you see that in Issue after issue
the crown finds nothing that tt
thinks It can use.
"Has it become a crimo to pub-
Fish the news ao that the publlo
may eee and form their own
opinion?" Mr. Ivens made an
eloquent plea for freedom of
Ivona and Censorship
"Censorship la not part of government," the Rev. Wm. Ivens,- ono
of the defendants said, In continuing hla address Monday afternoon.
"We thought that the censorship
waa settled In the Old Land more
than a hundred ye,ars ago. Whether you will or no, you twelve men
are put into the position of deciding whether or not thoro shall be
freedom of speech and press. The
Issue we thought was settled in tho
Old Land 150 years ago, must be
fought over again.
How would you like to have the
censor come into your offlce and
aay the peoplo are cattle and we'll
drive them where we will, and
whether they like it or not. If you
heard the people called cattle by
the censor, I question whether
you'd stand for the censor. If the
government of this country flies in
the face of the people, I Bay there
comes one's duty as British citizens
or Canadian citizens, to stand for
principles. I am prepared to take
tho consequences. Although I
know there ts a government, and
I am prepared to submit, you
twelve men either have to stand up
with me and say my actions were
right or condemn wour forefathers
and mine.
"I say we were right in opposing
the censorship, because the government has been forced to come to
the position we held. Freedom of
speech does not mean to take the
right of another. Freedom of
speech and of press go hand ln
"There Is not one tittle of evidence to unite the Western Labor
conference at Calgary with the
Winnipeg strike," he continued.
Does Not Believe In Force
"I am a Pacifist; I do not deny
It," Ivens said at Monday night's
session. "If to be a Pacifist is to
be a traitor to his country, then
I say to you again I am a Paciflst.
I db not believe in force. Is ho or
she a coward? Can not a man
servo his country, humanity, if he
cannot serve in war? Isn't it easier to swim with the tide, to go
down stream? Is a man a coward
when In a great crisis he will be
true to his convictions?
"All I want to toll you Is that a
Pacifist docs not throw himself in
the face of the state, I'll say lt
openly. I'll not enter into seditious
conspiracy. If my stand Is wrong,
I'll take whatover tho state metes
out to me. I feel somehow that
it's not Ivens who is on trial here
tonight, but that lt Is the Labor
movement, its groat ideals and aspirations that are on trial. If you
fay I'm guilty, I'm willing to go to
the penitentiary, but I say to the
men outside, 'Look after my wife,
my bairns.' I believe I'm standing
for tlie greatest ideal men have
stood for, and I'll stand for it*to
the end."
Delving into Biblical history, the
speaker declared: "When the
Wprkosr crossed tho Red Sea, It
closed up after them, and the waters swallowed the Citizens Committee."
Wants Doorkeeper DlsmlsHcd
Judge Metcalfe refused to grant
an application made by the defence
for thu dismissal of G. G. P. Wheeler, doorkeeper, at the trial of tho
seven workers charged with seditious conspiracy, In conm;clIon with
lost year's general striko. R. A.
Bonnar, K. C„ of defence counsel,
made such a motion at tho opening of the court Monday morning,
after calling attention to the fact
that a photograph of the jury and
Wheeler appeured In tlio morning
papers. Ward Hollands, another
defence lawyer, later made a similar application, but It wus refused.
Wheeler was leader of the so-
called "Loyalist" parudes of returned soldiers during the strike,
and bitter against Labor. During
the trial of R. B. Russell, now serving a two yq^rs' term In Stony
Mountain penitentiary, for alleRed
seditious conspiracy, he gave bitter
evidence against tho accused.
Wheeler's nmnn was on tho back
of the indictment against the defendants ln the present caso. He
was not called as a witness, but put
on as doorkeeper at the beginning
of this trial. He has frequently
stopped porsons sympathetic to the
accusod from entering the courtroom, and defence counsel, as well
defendants, have frequently
complained about his alleged unfairness.
'No one should bs allowed to
speak to that Jury," Mr, Bonnar
said. "I found, however, that I
was wrong, but I did not think
there was anything wrong at that
'The next thing that was
brought to my mind was whon I
left that courtroom and the doors
were locked. A policeman three
different tlmea was seen coming
out of tho courtroom where the
jury was. Afterward It was called
to my attention taht the same
Mounted Policeman came into the
courtroom-    ***** eewtalned. I then
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"Then gentlemen assured ul
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"In addition to th* farmor, Mlr.
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Surprised and Shocked
"I thought it an outrage on Britlah" justice that auch a thing could
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"The jury suggested ta mo that
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jury (Wheeler) had no business
there," Bonnar explained.
"I understand that ha thought
that lie waa auch an attendant, aad
weat In with th* Jury far a laat
time. It la to my mind an t*-—t*>
dlnary thing.
"Thl* man'* nam* ia on. th* Mak
ot tho indiotmo**; ha la a maa th*
crown didn't know whether te aoM
or'aot Thla awning this aaa*
Wheeler waa sees standing at tm*
back at th* taM* at whioh Hm
Juryman Wick waa sitting."
The judgo refuaed t* dlsala
"Keep Wheeler outside ef Ik*
courtroom, aad dismiss th* t#*
ooaataMe* la charge ef th* *■*"
Judge Metcalfe aaM. .
Mr. Hollande: 1 would mma
tar the dismissal ot Wheeler."
Jndg* Metcalfe: «**."
John Queen, on* ot lh* tttatat-
tatt, repeated aa eatk whieh ha
said Mr. Wheoler had aaad «M*
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Mr. Bonnar thaa sail that h*
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Boiled Oats, per sacl;....47o
Toilet Soap, 6 cakes 25c
Toilet Paper, 4 rolls SSo
Sultana   Baisins,    choice
stock, lb 26c
Finest Dry Green Peas,
3 lbs. for 25o
S. T. Wallace
118 Hastings St. West
Ask Better Wages
In All Pulp Mills
(Continued from pace 1)
whenever, a worker was found to be
active or acting as delegate, he was
immediately fired; but in every
case other men took on the duties
and carried on the work to a successful conclusion, which mado
possible tho submission of the
union schedule of working conditions.
Poor Doctors
Whilst in no way belittling the
many capable and honorable men
who frequently render much unpaid servico, yet anyone having,
even as a layman, an extended experience of Uie medical profession,
cannot help being appalled at the
degree of quackery and doubtful
practice which Is to be constantly
met with amongst those who are
usually credited with being the embodiment of knowledge, experience,
enlightenment and personal integrity. Not that the doctors, set
themselves up as supermen—and
although perhaps ' amongst them
can be found a greater proportion
of instances of unpaid service than
in any other social activity—nevertheless the fact remains that within those closed corporations "thc
colleges of physicians and surgeons," wliich have been able to
build up what is, with the possible
exception of the lawyers, the
strongest craft union in existence,
ttiere nre as many charlatans as
there are in those numerous schools
of therapeutics which the "orthodox" or, preferentially legalized
practitioners and their union fight
tooth and nail. Drugs and surgery
are their cure alls, and, Incidentally, sources of revenue. Opposition, more often active than
passive, to any form of treatment
which may be advocated and proven
effective by those outsido their own
particular school, Is thetr usual
stand. It is time when the worker
must eome to a realization that his
health is his most precious possession, and the maintenance of it
must be his constant care. He
must insist that lie shall have as
much right to receive that form of
treatment which there may be
reason to consider likely to be of
more benefit to him in sickness or
accident than would drugs or surgery, and in addition he must for
his protection sec that those Individuals whose practices are, to say
the least, open to question, shall bc
debarred from being privileged exploiters of, and experimenters upon,
helpless patients. Members having, had experiences of treatment in
i cose of sickness or accident ln
which they consider they have been
maltreated, are requested to send
the information to headquarters:
also those members who feel lhat
It would bo of benefit to their fellow workers to Know of those who
treat their patients with evory consideration and skill should also fur-
nisli this information. In every
case facts, not misrepresentations
or exaggerations, should be given.
Sudbury district holds its district
convention at Sudbury on April 5,
to which all camps within that district should send delegates.
Latest developments at the Mainland Cedar, Camp 2, Thompson
Sound, is the firing of the 26 men
of the rigging crew, the excuse being that they had caught up with
tho fallers and buckers, and whilst
this is fairly correct, there was ample work to have kept tho rigging
crew employed. The opinion is that
the real cause was an attempt of
the boss to offset what he considered to be job-action tactics of the
men, which he thought was being
resorted to owing to tho company's
non-compliance with the schedule
of conditions called for.
Cobalt district, Ontario, reports
ISO men on strike at McKinney
mine on account of discrimination.
Union mon take note and act accordingly.
Rock Bay camps aro demanding
$1 a day raise, top bunks to be
taken out, and blankets, sheets, and
pillows to be supplied, the men
agreeing to pay for same. They
also take the stand that whilst the
boss hns tho option of employing
whom he will, tho men havo the
option of saying whom they will
work with, consequently, nftor April
1 tho camps are to bo 100 per cent,
one way or tho other.
It is pleasing to find that some
camps appreciate the whole-:hearted
work which is often put in by their
delegate on behalf of the organisation. A short time ago an account
was given of a presentation made
to their delegate by the men of his
cnmp at Rock Bay. (He has since
been discriminated against by the
company.) Now Camp 1, Stillwater, reports that at Us last meeting a hearty vote of thanks wns
passed to the retiring delegate for
the efficient manner In which he
had performed his duties; and in*
structions' woro given that note of
its action should bc mado in the
A wire received late Thursday
night states that the jShawnigan
Lake camp striko hus been called
Christophers Is Invited East by U.M.W.A.
. (Continued on page 8)
On Easy Terms
Personal ajii.pBrnn.' hai a Jot to .lo with
fee', buhiii.ian or aui'Ll ui.:i:oi.k Tbere la
no fxcuae tor bflnir poorlr ilrot-irrt—wo
miik.. it SO EAST tor Jim. A COMI-LETE
stock or
BaaOy-to-wcar apparel in fashion's new*
nt inwlflK—ond nclmtre styles not to
bi* duplicated aleetohtr* (n tlie city. Credit
FAT A8 TOU WEAR. Como in und tnlk
it over.
(Opposite Province Offlce)
Phoue Ser. *3"
Lumber workers ofllce at Prince
George has organized a General
Workers' unit in that district, llo
has been so successful in lining up
tho workors in miscellaneous occupations in that town that he has
had to wire for six union shop
cards during thc lout few days.
The enerj,'otic secretary of the
General Workers' organization ln
Windsor, Out., T. S. Cassidy, has
solved thc problem of International exchange by getting a Job across
the river in the city of Detroit,
Mich., while in Windsor, Ont. Thc
boys In Windsor have now obtained a permanent meeting place in
the Builders' Exchunge hall, 1 ii
Ferry street, Windsor, Ont.
-   Oakland Displays Shop Cards
Oakland, Cal., will Boon be well
decorated with the O. B. U. union
shop cords, Secretary Baker of
that city having wired for an
additional eight shop cards a few
dnys ogo.
There are probably not many
readers of the FederationiBt who
know where Bufonders creek in
Alborta is. However, tho One Big
Union has found it and a brunch
hns heen established there.
Thc Mill and Factory Workers,
lho Railway Workers, and the
General Workers' units of the city
of New Westminster have a Joint
committee working with a view to
opening an office and permanent
head ti uar tors in the city on the
banks of tho Fraser.
Socialists, Labor, and Mild
Radicals Are Massacred
by Military
Military Powers are Terrorizing the Reactionary Government
While the press has from time
to time been filled with "stories"
of Bolsheviki atrocities, littlo has
been heard of the reign of terror
ln Hungary since tlie defeat of Bela
Kun. The following comment in
the Manchester Guardian, however, gives some little idea as to
tho terrorist reign now holding
sway in that country:
The observations of the Hungarian delegation to the draft of
the Treaty of Peace hnve been presented in a series of Notes so numerous and bulky as to cause a diplomat to refer to them as the "Budapest Library." Their tone and matter aro said to be, in general, very
objectionable; but even their more
reasonable suggestions, like that
for a plebiscite ln the territories to
be detached from Hungary, are not
likely to receive much sympathy
from a world shocked by,the un-
speakakble methods of the present
Hungarian administration. Some of
the ablest and finest men of Hungary, like that most distinguished
writer Andreas Latzko, are even
now standing on trial for.their life
for having rendered some kind of
public service during Bela Kun's
regime. The University of Budapest is being "purified" by inquisitorial methods of aU those who received appointment or promotion,
often without their definite consent,
from the Commissariat for'Eftuca-
titon. Socialists, Labor leaders, and
even mild Radicals are being hunted down and massacred by a terrorist organization composed mainly of officers of the old army (ubout
36,000 of them, It is said), known
by the suggestive name of "the
strong arm." Jews, of course, are
doomed, whatever their politics.
Even the murders committed ^'ith
a show of legality have become so
numerous that two assistants have
Just hsd to he appointed to assist
the official hangman. And now,
as a challenge to opinion at: large,
the man who shaped und wiolded
the Instrument of thnt heinous reaction, Admiral Horthy, has he on
proclaimed Regent of Hungary.
All this, let it he remembered, is
done by an administration actually
set up by Sir Georgo Clerk on behalf of the Supreme Council, nnd
in the presence of a bevy of Ailed
missions. But when a question was
asked in the House the government
spokesman was "not clear what excesses wcro -referred to," aiid had
nothing to add  to that.
In the same issue of the Guardian
the following Vienna dispatch appears:
Hungary seems not to be ruled by
its government or by tlie new Regent, but only by gangs of officers
of the old and new armies. Two
officers belonging to the so-called
Ostenburg detachment wore arrested tho other day on suspicion of
being concerned in the recent kidnapping and murder of the Socinlist editors Soinogyi and Basco, but
had to be set free the following
day, as three bands of officers
threatened an open rebellion and a
general pogrom.
The Budapest report.from which
I quote also asserts that the Hungarian military authorities entrusted Lieutenant Schefzlk, whoso
complllcty in the murder is certain,
with the investigation of the case,
and that two men, Muller and Reu-
mann, who gave tho police Information in connection with the murder, were themsolves shockingly
To intimidate the government
still moro the same Ostenburg detachment surrounded the Parliament buildings, while 1B0 officers
entered the buildings, and some
evon thc assembly room, although
only 15 had received permits ' to
visit the House. The cordon outside prevented the Minister of Finance, Koranyi, although he established his idontity, and another
deputy from entering. At the sitting of the National Assembly the
Presidont and the Premier emnha-
General Workers Union of
Great Britain Is the
Coming Power
Vienna—Tlie first Joint meoting
of Austrian hand and brain workers has heen held here. The brain
workers being thc unorganized clement in the meeting, it was resolved that they should follow the
path marked out by the unions of
manual workers, and should unite
with them in a gigantic effort to
reconstruct the country industrially.
Million and Quarter Mem*
bers-^-Craft Unionism
Losing to New One
(By the Federated Press)
London—Competing elements in
the Labor life of England today,
arising from distinct principles, ore
nattling for the field. According
to Margaret I. Cole, well known
student of Labor problems, there
are three main principles co-exist-.
ent in the trade union movement
at present:
"The first Is the craft principle,
upon which all the older unionB
were built, which organizes the
worker with a definite craft, such
as a mechanic or a carpenter, In
one union, irrespective of the industry, ln which he may happen at
he momont to be working.
"This form of organization cuts
right across the second form, that
of union by industry, whoso advocates would like to see all workers
ln one industry ln the same union,
Irrespective of craft. No perfect
example of such a union exists at
present, but the miners and the
railwaymen'aro both organized in
unions based upon the industrial
principle, although in both cases
there are a number of workers in
the Industry who aro not included
In the union.
"During.the year prior to the
war, however, there was growing
up, principally in opposition to thc
exclusive attitude of the old craft
unionist, yet a third type of organization, tho General Labor Union.
Beginning with the real "general
laborer" — the mun whose thews
and sinews were his only asset and
who shifted from master to mauler
nnd Industry to Industry, wherever
muscular effort was in demand—
the organizers of the general labor
unions proceeded rapidly trim
strength to strength, taking in first
numbers of partly skilled but
weakly orgunized workers, in industries which had hardly been
touched by trade unionism, and secondly, the less skilled members In
industries where skilled unions already existed, such as engineering.
"The tide of recruits to trado
unionism during and since thl war
has flowed into these unions more
than nny others, and uow the National Federation of General Workers, with a membership of at least
a million and a quarter, is a power
to bc considered in auy industry,
and is challenging both craft and
industrial unions in thoir own citadels.
"It Is easy to understand why
this should be so. Gutting admitted into a craft union Is often no
easy matter. But lhe general labor
union asks no awkward questions
about apprenticeship or the like; it
will take anybody from the manager to the charwoman; it does
not discriminate against women',
its rules are generally simple and
fiu>t the bewildering agglomeration
pi't'Henlfsd by the ru!o-b:ok of on
old-established union, after generations of delegate meetings hnve
tried  their hands ut amending it.
"Filially, their organizers ore
vigorous and sometimes unscrupulous in getting new members, and
the very strength of the organiza-,
tlon enables tho new member
quickly to test the benefit he derives from Joining It. But it Is not
altogether unnatural that upriS'
ings of large new societies claim-
Suits at less than
today's wholesale cost
100 Mfen's Navy Blue English Worsted Suits, sizes 34 to 44—values to
$50.00. Special at-
THE REASON? These suits are the last of an old contract—they must
be sold. You are offered a high-grade suit at actually less than our buying cost today.
20 dnly—Irish Serge Suits—Guaranteed fast color—values to $45, Special
15 only—Navy Blue Serge Suits—Special to clear st—
tically condemned the action of the
officers, wliich they regarded as a
violation of the privileges of Parliament and of the immunity of
deputies. The president finally demanded, and the Premier promised,
satisfaction in the form of punishment of the guilty officers.
These occurrences, which eclipse
everything so far heard about the
doings of tho White Terrorists,
show thnt the power of the latter
is far greater than that of the government. Whether last night's futile attempt on the life of the Wat-
Minister Friedrich, who was shot at
while driving homo in a motor-car,
was also the work uf the-dissatisfied
Whito Terrorists Is still doubtful.
A commercial triumph! Once again Dick's leads in offering Vancouver
men a magnificent suit line—a quality and value without equal on the
Pacific Coast. We not only offer you suits at less than wholesale cost-
but less than wholesale price, unaffected by American duty or exchange.
Dick's honest cut-and-dried values have never been challenged. Today this special suit
offering'is unsurpassed—eyen by any previous achievements oi Dick's Store. You will
find here tho suit-you envy—tailore'd by master skill—of enduring quality—at a priee
you can afford to.pay. It will-be made to fit you perfectly—to emphasize your individuality.
Every suit guaranteed as usual:
"Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back/
ing all i labor for their province
should he a somewhat unwelcome
surprise to tlie. older unions, particularly the craft unions, who ure
now suffering from their past refusal, to move with the timet, und
realize thftt tho unskilled and partly skilled worker ihun un Important place to play In the trude unionism of the future."
Richmond, Va.—A bill before
the Virginia house of delegates
would legalize the labor of children 10 years old, and would permit their employment in canning
factories for 10 houn a day.
Tliis business, owned'and controlled )>y tlio consumer,
is making steady progress. The branch stores in New
■Westminster and North Vancouver are doing splendid.
An soon as another 20 members have been obtained in
South 10,11, a store wiH.be opened there. Our membership nuw stands at 1465.
Ladies' House Dresses—Begular $2.50 $2.00
Ladies' Sweater Goats—Regular $J0  :..$7.50
Also some good Orockcry at reduced prices.
Sweet Pickles, 20<o?,    .30
Figs, regular lOe^kgs., 3 for 26
Buttercup Milk, 2 for 25
Vancouver Co-operative Society
Central Store
41 Fender Street Wert Phone Seymour 493
North Vanoouver Branch
Mount Orown Block, First Street East Phone 891
New Westminster Branoh
88—8th Street Phone 1592
Position as Leader of the
Labor  Party
Sees It
Though three of Labor's old
members were defeated in the recent general elections in New Zealand in mid-December last—those
being Messrs. Semple, Walker, and
Paul—Labor in thnt country has increased its number of parliamentary, representatives to 11, while
the purty vote is infinitely stronger
than it has ever been before.
Reviewing the situation, after tho
olection, Mr. Harry B. Holland, the
leader of the New Zealand party,
stated thut Labor in that country
had every reason to congratulate
itself on-tlie advance made. The
true test of the movement was not
the number nf seats won, but in
the number of people who had
voted the Labor ticket As it was,
the parliamentary representation
wns increased by i>0 per cent. Prior
to 1914, the Labor movement in
New Zealand could not be said to
have assumed a nationally organized shape. Tlie Industrial disaster of 1912, arising out of tho political maladministration, had made
for the consolidation nf the movement Industrially and politically,
and the great Unity Congress of
1M13 made the Social Democratic
party the official national political
organization of Labor. The 1913
experience of Lubor on the industrial field and the Now Zealand
government's Prussian-like methods
had still further emphasized tlio
need for a greater Labor solidarity,
and when the 1014 elections came
to he fought It was with the Social
Democratic purty as the national
political party. Tho S. D. P. since
merged Into tho New Zealand
Labor Party, put out nine official
candidates In the 1914 election, and
eight other representatives were
put out by the Labor representa-1
tlon committee, ond parties not
affiliated with the national party,
but whose candidature was supported by the S. D. P. Tlie nine
ofllclal candidates bf the S. T). P.
party polled 22,129 votes and se-.
cured election for two candidates.
The eight other Labor candidates
pulled 23,858 votes and two of their
number also were elected.   In somo
.es tho Liberal party gave support to tho Labor candidates. Thc
total Lnbor vote was 45,987.
. ln.tho 1914 election the Conservatives polled 242,055 votes; in
1919, the vote was 194,833—a decrease of 47,222. In 1914 the Liberal party polled 219,011; in 1919
their vote was lt>4,09ti—a decrease
of 54,915. In 191*4, the combined
Labor vote was 45,987; in 1919 It
was 125,970—an increase of 79,983.
This did not include the votes of
so-called Independents. Had the
ballot been conducted on proportional lines the Reform party would
have hafl 28 members Instead of 44;
the Liberals 24 instead of 19; and
the Labor party 19 Instead of 8,
and three Independent Laborltes. It
was significant that out of the 48
Labor candidates put into the field,
only one had not polled enough
votes-tb compel him to lose his deposit.
During the campaign Labor had
to face the usual misrepresentation
put forward by ...the anti-Labor
forces. The newspapers from one
end of New Zealand to the other
were practically subsidized by the
Tory party, and published ln full
every misrepresentation made
against Lahor by the Tory leaders.
This accounted more than anything
else for the defeat of the Labor
candidates in the election.
However, the election result has
left the lines more clearly drawn
than ever before. The position Is
eminently more satisfactory from a
Lubor point of view thnn it could
possibly have been had the Labor
party held the balanco of power In
n Houso in which the Tories and
tho Liberals were evenly divided.
The Labor party In the new New
Zealand Parliament will be n lighting party, and predictions are that
It will make its presence felt on
every possible occasion. The victories won lor Labor are undoubtedly victories for Labor, for Socialism und for anti-mUitarlsm, and
the party now enters upon its
great work of education and organization, relying on the soundness of its principles for thcir ultimate victory.
United Statea Anti-British
Washington—The federal deportation proceedings against Dhiren-
dra Sarkar, a Hindu political refugee in America, have bebon cancelled by the department of Labor,
Before the war Sarkar was a student at Tale and Michigan Universities, He was indicted and Imprisoned ln San Francisco on a charge
of having violatod Amelrcan neutrality to free India from British
Cut out the list of advertisers,
patronize them, and tell-them why.
A Real Novelty Neit Week
That brand now .ahow, direij
from its Eastern triumph, entitle 1
"The Tiger Lady,1' will be the ma*j
net which will draw capacity
houses next woek.to the Emprefc)
and our patrons wit) have a chanc
of seoing Edythe Elliott aa a red
vampire. "The Tiger Lady"
different from the usual run
shows as waa "Yes. or No," and 1
is bound to creato that same pro,
found Impression that 'Thirtcenti
Chair," "Yes or No," and "Oa
Trial" created. If after witnessing
this weird story you jump out e\
bod in the middle of the night an<
Imagine you arc seeing things
don't blame us, blame "The Tig*l
Lady." In tho flrst act jun as tht
creepy shadows cast a dismal
gloom over un uncanny apartment)
and the feu* flickering rays of light
scamper as though trying to gef
away from a haunted chamber un*
til nothing but blackness of night
remains, a mysterious murder fl
committed, und just as—but tha!
would bu letting you Into theater*]
you'll have to soe "The Tig*!
Lady" and have her unravel thi'
fascinating plot which keeps yov
guessing every moment of th'
play. Remember "The Tige J
Lady" will be presented for thl
first time in Canada next week ai
the Kmpress. Order your ooo* il
now or tho theatre may be o**\
crowded you'll miss ont ot tho 1
plays of the year.
Be sure to notify tho post effl£l
ts soon as you change your addrtrJ
si tret
If you have Hot already purchased
your Spring Suit and Overcoat, you
will want them before Easter.
Models are particularly pleasing this
season. See them before purchasing.
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd. j
514 Granville Street


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