BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The British Columbia Federationist Apr 19, 1918

Item Metadata


JSON: bcfed-1.0345480.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345480-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345480-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345480-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345480-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345480-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345480-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

TENTH YEAR-**Noi-16;
(1m Vucotnrx
i Olty. M.oo )
$1.50 PER YEAR
Toilers  Are Benefited  by
Trade Union Movement
in Neighborhood
Vancouver  Union Getting
Desired Recognition
From Employers
The workora today arc nil struggling
under a troraendous burden nnd ob
viously tho load can only bo oast off
their shoulders by all heaving together,
Scattored offorts by individuals and
small groups can have no influenco
whatovor in extracting tho toiler from
benoath tho woight that holds him
down. No matter l which way one
views the conditions of the workers ono
cannot got away from the fact that
those who do the useful work, tho hard
work, the dirty work and the work
necessary to feed, clothe and shelter
the world, are thoso who get the small
est portion of thiB world's goods.Sup-
erintendents, managers and contractors
aro necessary under this competitive
syBtem, but that is no reason why those
who do tho most useful part of the work
should receive miserable wages and
work under intolerable and unhealthy
conditions. But tho fact is that the
workors do get the worst of tho deal
in almost overy instance. The trade
union movement helps to offset this
and evon though the progress is not
what it might be, yet by heaving together, many workors have securod
wnges and conditions that thoy otherwise would not havo received.
Results sponk louder than words and
by looking over the gains in this immediate neighborhood one cannot but
see tho advantages of trade unionism,
and it a lesson that should be borne in
mind by those who have not joined a
union nnd lined up with tlieir fellow
mon in an effort to better conditions.
Metal Trades Council
Just routine business occupied tho at'
tention of tho Motal Trades Council,
roports thc secretary. Organizer Smtih
of tho Papor Makers' union nnd Organizer Bums of the MolderH were visitors
and spoko before the council. Delegates Nightscalcs and Fox were elocted
to ropresent the council at tho Pacific
Coast Motal Trades council at Taeoma
on May 6th.
Eighteen new members were admitted and a great many applications received, reports Secretary Carmichael, of
tho Boilermakers. About sixty men
will bo in demand fur tho repairing of
the Tees, which is now at thc B. C. Marino company's dock for repairs. Tho
local intonds to hold a picnic at Mahon
park, May 2-i, and a committeo has
been appointed to make preparations.
The committee is coniposed of J- H.
Carmichael, V. J. Young. W. Harris, .T.
Alston and M. J. Barber.
Steam and Operating Engineers
Fifteon new members were initiated,
and several applications received, reports Business Agent Alexandor of the
Stenhi and Operating Engineers. The
delegation sont by the union to Seattle
to tako part in the formation of tho
Northwest Council of Engineers, has returned, and report a successful meoting
and the formation of the council, which
will cover the territory betweon Portland and Princo Rupert. The manner
of financing the council will be put to
a referendum vote of thc locals within
Ahe district.
1 Shipyard Laborers
Fifty now memborB were initiated, reports Socretary Phelps of the Shipynrd
Laborers. Considerable discussion took
place, after the report of Business
Agont Hardy, regarding the investigation into the wage domandB by tho Imperial Munitions board. The membership aro looking forward expectantly
and impatiently for the result of the
findings. Work slackened down at ono
of the yards last week, and about 40
of tho men, who were being paid at tho
rate of from $3.00 to $4,50 por duy,
were asked to work for nbout three
weeks at the minimum wage of $3.25
per day. The mon declined. The steel
ship plants aro having trouble obtaining
men at $3.25 a day.
W. F. F. H. U., No. 40, Social.
A very pleasant evening was spent
Tuesday ovening when the members
nnd friends of above union held their
second social in Belvedere Court. Tho
first part of tho evening was given over
to a concert, lots of good talent being
in evidetice. Tho artists were Misses
Crawford and Potter and Messrs. 0.
Ddfffill, H. 8. Duncan, H. H. Holden. W.
J. Henderson, R. L. Lowo, D. Thomson. A. Lillburn gave a novelty turn
and R. J, Hartley a recitation. Misses
Hart and Archibald and Mr. Duncnn
aro to be commended upon their abilities as accompanists. Refreshments
wore served during the interval and a
very enjoyable evening closed with
dancing until midnight. Messrs. T. P.
Harbottle and T. Dick were master of
Shipwrights and Caulkers.
Fifteen members were initiated by
the Shipwrights and Caulkers, reports
Business Agent Bromficld. A number
of men are being laid off from time
to timo and delegates to the Metal
Trades Council were instructed to request the council to take steps lo have
tho immigrntion department allow
Canadian shipbuilders to cross the line
and go to work in II. 8, shipyards. The
Metal Trades Council will take nelion.
The locals decided to place tho initiation fee at .{.5 for all returned soldiers,
having seen active service, instead of
the regular fee of $30 required for
membership. Thc Standard Rule compnny was placed on the unfair list.
Tho ollicers of tho union are: President, Joseph Hicks; vice-president, H,
A. McDonald; recording secretary,
Walter Johnstone; financial secretary,
Frank Vurtis; business agent, J. Bromiield.
am   ^mom&
IB* '
■a [ '%PpV
VI Hm.
He* x_«~
_W__e__\       W&
m\\M ***'*' *  earn
■|i|6   Iff
Organiz?r for Wonts
'tlonal Retail Clei
upend tho next f
coast, in thc inteif
nada of tho Interna'
.sRoc-iiitiim, who will
eeks on the Pacific
!>f the Retail Clerks.
Hawthornthwaite to Intercede for Printing Trade
VICTORIA, April .18.—Spenking on
his bill to prohibit printing and
stereotyping plants in basements, J. H.
Hawthornthwaite at today's session of
tho legislature advanced his arguments,
setting forth that present conditions in
some shops are dangerous to the health
of employees. He alluded to the Alberta Act in this rospect, wliich is
working out very satisfactorily and iB
safeguarding thc health of men cm-
ployed in the printing industry.
Attorney-General Farris, as minister
of labor, will speak next on the sub
ject, and is expected to state his position with regard to the Hawthornth
waite bill tomorrow.
VICTORIA, April 10.—An effort is
being hindc by J, H. Hawthornthwaito,
the Lnbor member of tho legislature,
to hnve a law passed which will mako
working conditions for printers not
quito so inimical to their good hoalth.
The bill was introduced by the member
for Newcastle as thc outcome of the
decision of tho convention of the B. C.
Federation of I^abor.,   The bill follows
1. This Act may be cited as the
'' Factories Act Amendment Act,
2. Section 23 of chapter SI of the
"Revised Statutes of British Colum
bia, Kill,'' being tho "Factories Ac!,'
is hereby amended by adding thereto
thc following as subsection (2):—
" (2.) In printing offices whore
there are three or more type-Bctting
machines (linotypes, intorty-pes, monotypes, moaolines, and thc like), the
molting pots of ull type-setting,
type-casting, and similnr machines
and apparatus, such us linotype
machines, monotype casters, stereotype
melting-pots, and the like, shall be
piped in u proper and efficient manner,
so as to effectually carry off the noxious fumes and gases arising during
their operation; and all melting-pots of
stereotyping and type-casting devices
shall he properly provided with hoods
oxtending over the melting-pots and
connected with the aforesaid piping in
Buch a manner aB to carry off tho fumes
from tho molten metal as well as the
burned gas fumes: Provided that exhaust fans, blowers, or other suitable
devices Bhall be installed for the purposo of further aiding in the discharge
of all deleterious matter from composing rooms where uny of the above machines mny be in operation. The composing and stereotype rooms of any
printing and publishing establishment
shall not be situated in the basement
of any building."
8. TMb act shall come into force and
operation oa the first day of January,
Ton new members were initialed by
tlie Butchers, reports Business Agent
Anderson. The meeting was an interesting one because the union took action on a new wnge scale which it intends to put into tho hands of the
Iwsses at. once. Tbo union is in first-
lass working shape nnd no trouble is
anticipated with tke bosses over the
wage scale.
Six members were initiated and fifteen applications received by the Painters, reports Business Agent Grand.
Thc sVnokcr wns n big success and the
members nre looking forward to another in the near future. The locnl is
going to tnke up the mailer of providing its members with sick bonefits; .+15
was donated to the Motal Trades Council. All members working. Thc officers nre: President] D. Hughes; vice-
president, L, Amos; recording secretnry, 8. Gould; warden, P. G. Smith;
conductor, W, Hose; treasurer, 11. Col-
lard; financinl secretory and business
agent. H. Grand,
Proposals to confiscate capital in order lo pny the war dobt of tlie belligerent nations is not confined to England. Soon nfter Bonar l.nw, chancellor of the exchequer, had told Ihe house
of eommons tlmt u plnn to nppropriatoj
for the stnte, a certnin perccntnge of
Ihe principal of big fortunes was under
consideration, it became known, according tn the Tribune, that Germany is
discussing a levy of 2(1 per cent, on
impital to meet wur obligations. In
America suggestions for pnying off the
war debt have boen confined up to thc
present, to proposals to conscript income. Thc confiscation of Ihe principal is yet to bc discussed.
Secretary   Wells   Outlines
Some of the Work
Coast Executive Members
to Meet and Discuss
[By A. 8. Wells]
(Secrotary B. C. Federation of Labor)
VICTORIA, April 15.—During the
month tho executivo of the B. C. Federation of Labor has not been idle, many
matters hnving been dealt with, but on
which no definite report cnn be made.
The legislative committee has beon constantly at work, dealing witk the legislative proposals which were presented
to the government. The Workmen's
Compensation Act committee have, following out the past procedure, boon
working with the railroad brotherhoods
in the matter of proposed amendments
to tho Act, and which have already
been reported in The Federationist..
Thc activities of the executive regarding, too, the organization of the unorganized workers in tho province have
been continued and, whether duo to
their activities or not, organizers from
the Retail Clerks and the United Mine
Workers are at this time on the coast,
Other organizations that need to send
representatives to this province are as
follows: Timber Workers, Teamsters &
Chauffeurs, Laundry Workors and Hotel
The executivo is at present in com-
municution with the A. F. of L. and the
various organizations interested and if
there are any other organizations that
need assistance the execuptivo will be
pleased to havo the information.
A good deal of interest has been
nroused in the ranks of the railroad organizations through the circular sent to
thehi by the executive, explaining the
legislative programme of the Federation
and, with tho co-operation now existing
between tho legislative committees of
these organizations and the executives
of the Federation, much good will result and the possibility of a better understanding und greater co-operative effort seeraB to bc certain.
The Per Capita Proposals
The rcferenduinB us to changes in the
constitution have been adopted by lnrge
majorities, and it is expected that the
members of tho executive, who are resident on the coast, will meet in the near
futuro in order to discuss ways and
means of watting into effect the proposal
to raiso the per capita tax and to supply the members of the affiliated locals
with The Federationist each week, if
The adoption of this measure will en
tail much work in the office of the sec
retary, a new system" of bookkeeping
and a monthly system will have to bo
inaugurated, and a good deal of routine
work undertaken beforo the mensure
can be made effective.
Many othor difficulties thnt have
arisen since the convention in connection with this mntter will have to be
considered, one of which is the establishment of the District (Fernio)
Ledger, nnd which may interfere with
tho carrying out of the proposal as
The appeal issued by the executive
for funds to wipe out the indebtedneBB
incurred by the locnl committees in the
Dominion election, has not met with the
success that was expected, and a fresh
appeal has been issued.
Those locals thnt have not yet subscribed are urged to do so, as only
about $120 has, us yet, been received.
This Burcly, in times like theBe, where
ull members of tke affiliated unions are
working steady, is not thc best they
can do. Possibly everybody is willing
to "let George do it," but nil havo a
responsibility and each organization
Bhould givo to the full extent of its resources.
The Vancouver Division of the Street
nnd Electric Rnilwny Employees was
the only orgnnization to affilinte during
the past month. There are still othors
that should become a pnrt of thc Foder-
ntion, and with reports of growing
strength in orgnnized labor circles, it is
not too much to nsk thnt they take their
share of the work nf the provincial
While the Federation todny cnn claim
lo represent 10,000 organized workers,
the end of the present hnlf-venr should
see it at least 20,000.
To date the legislation introduced by
the government in the interests of the
workers does not cover very much of
the programme of the Federation, nnd
the government hns slated thnt it will
keop the executive informed ns to the
progress, if any, which is made in respect to our expressed wishes. We nre
still looking, howover, to the introduction of more legislation nt this session.
Secretaries of affiliated organizations
nre requested to notify tbe secretnry
of the Federation of nny change of officers, nnd lo see thnt the correct names
nnd addresses of the corresponding secretaries nre in the hands af the Federation secretnry, otherwise comnv.micn-
lions ennnot be sure of reaching the
proper officinls.
With the Co-operation of Remaining Unions Money Is
Fairly good progress is being
made by the Vancouver Labor Temple Co. dlrecton In tbe campaign
for tlie sale of shares, for the purpose of paying off the deficit
incurred afthr the outbreak of mr
and lasting until lees than a year
ago, The plan, aa outlined by a
mass-meeting of trades unionists
and later adopted by the new directorate, was that as many unions
as possible should subscribe for
three shares apiece for each of their
respective members.
Quite a number of unions have
already responded tto the call and
last week the Brotherhood of Carpenters added their membership to
the quota
During the coming week other
unions will be visited, and Organizer Hoop of the Betail Clerks has
promised to give the directorate a
a lift.
With anything like a little cooperation in this movement for the
next three months a sufficient
amount of money will be pledged
to redeem the Labor Temple.
Passes a Resolution Asking
Dominion to Eliminate
Present System
Sailors' Union
Business Agent Hardy of the Soils' union reports a good meeting nnd
growing membership. The stenmship
ompnnies hftVfl signed up the new wnge
scale, whieh culls for the following:
Car barges and tug deckhands, double
winchmrn, qiinrtormnstors, nighlwnteh-
men und dnnkeymon on barges, #75 n
month and bonrd. Lookouts, quarter
deckhands, stevedores and barge crews
at $70 a month nnd bonrd: deckhands,
+05; deckboys, #45, This includes a
nine hour dny nnd 00c. nn hour for
overtime nnd Sundays nnd holidays,
and also a regulnr supply of clean linen
and bedding nnd n hot meal when working after midnight.
Labor Member Makes Hard
But Ineffectual Fight
Against Farris
VICTORIA, April 18.—Thero's nothing small about thc government at Victoria. It .-'jres little for rulo, regulation or precedent. Even it cares nothing for the British constitution which,
though unwritten, is the freest in the
world. During the week, Attorney
General Farris bought in a resolution
asking the Dominion government to alter the Criminal Codo and do uwny with
tho grand jury system, something which
is a pnrt of the British constitution,
nnd hus como down through tho nges!
The reason the attorney-general gave
was thut. if would save some money,
and, anyway, they had none in Albcrtu
nor Saskatchewan. They have grand
■jurios in all thc rest of the British Empire and in the United States. They
are a matter of protection ,nnd though
they have got into the practice of backing up tho prosecutions in the greater
number of instances, they have been of
somo good, oven in British Columbia.
In this province, thoy have pretty well
fallen into tho habit of being excess
baggage. But that is no reason for the
abolition of the system. Efforts ought
to be directed to changing the operation
of it, rather than eliminating it altogether for, when it comos down to it,
tho grand jury is the safety valve for
justice. J, H. Hawthornthwaite, Labor's
boIo representative in the legislature,
protested ineffectually against abolishing tho grand jury system, and ke was
aided in his opposition to the resolution
by W. J. Bowser, conservative leader.
The resolution was adopted by. practically u straight party division, the govornment side following aftor the nttor-
ney-genoral, like so many sheep, with
the exception of J. W. Weart (South
Vnncouver), who refused to vote either
for or ngninst.
A Valuable Area Is at Present Tied Up and
Minister of Mines Proposed
to Make Agreement
with Railway
VICTORIA, April 18.—In the house
on Wednesday, Hon. Bill Sloan, minister of mines, brought up the old subject
of the early-day doal, whereby the E.
& N. railway on.Vancouver Island was
given a slice of the most valuable land
valuable in minerals, coal, timber and
agricultural possibilities—and desired
authority to proceed with negotiations
looking* toward an arrangement for de-
levlopmont of tho area.
J. H. Hawthornthwaite, Newcastle,
believed that however good were the
intentions of the legislature in granting
the lands to tho E. & N. company, the
arrangement then made had proved
most unsatisfactory. The titles given
by the company were extraordinary, reserving as they did timber, clay, all the
base metals, the right of access, practically reserving everything to the company but the atmosphere. It was hard
to expect the settlers in the railway
belt to suffer under such restrictions,
and the fact was that in tho whole section a prospector was not to be found
despite the undoubted wealth of the
area. The settler in the mainland railway belt was entitled'to the coal, but
ou thc island he was denied it.
At the present time, ho said, the Wellington CoHcries iB trying to havo the
legislation disallowed, though tho Privy
Council held ten years ago that the provinco had sold the rights.   Ho claimed
thc house has absolute control in the
matter.   He claimed the railway company hud not followed out tho terms
of. the grunt, one of wliich was that
it should sell coal to tho federal and
provincial governments and to tho railways of Canada at no higher price than
that at which coal is sold to foreign
concerns.   It was well known that nlmost for generations that requirement
had not beon lived up to.  Tho act making the grant also made it clear that
when the company alienated any of thc
lands they became subject to taxation,
but by a species of option or indirect
sale to the Mackenzie & Mann interests
lnrge coal areas were sold which, legally, are now subject to taxation but on
which no taxation is levied.
Mr. Huwtuoriithwaitc believed thnt
Mr. Dunsmuir hud made a fnir offer to
thc provinco when he offered to sell the
whole urea, the railway line, otc, except the cool areas, to the province for
*2,250.000, but thnt opportunity wns
not take nad vantage of. The time had
now come when the province! should delineate the area owned by thc Canadian
CoHcries and take control of the balance
of the aron.
Secretary of Vancouver local of the recently-
organlied International Asxocfation of Flre
Fighters, of which Mr. Richardson Ib vice-
president for Western Canada.
Certain   Ottawa   Developments Make Organization Imperative
Because of circumstances which cannot bo diBcussed by The Federationist,
arising out of war conditions, it is imperative that the workers of British
Columbia outside tbe organized labor
movement, should lose no time in
getting into it at the earliest possible moment. The necessity will become
moro obvious beforo many weeks have
There are certain moasures contemplated at Ottawa which make thiB action on the part of the workers of the
utmost importance.
If there Ib not a union existent where
you cun join immediately, got in touch
with Secretary WellB of the B. C. Federation of Lubor, without delay, and
arrauge for tho formation of a federal
'anion embracing aU workers.
The Fedorationist has no desire   to
Debate on Estimates Brings
Out a Few Interesting
Government Is Not as Economical as It Would Have
People Believe
VICTORIA, April. 18.—The federal
government order-in-council directed
against unemployed persons, causes persons who now and then visit the legislative galleries here to wonder if it
would not bc more advisable for the
federal governmont to take some sort of
proceedings againBt those employed
wasting public time and money. An
example of time-wasting has been the
present wcok's deliberations of the legislature ou the estimates. Both Bides of
the house are offenders equally in this
W. J. Bowser, leader of the opposition, thc other day spoko for more than
an hour on a mixup over a voucher for
$30 for gasoline apparently collected by
a road foreman for his Ford when the
latter was incapacitated in the shops.
Tho leader of the opposition threw several fits about thiB, and there were corresponding fitB on the government side
of the fence.
ThtB was but an instance. There were
others, many of them. It was noticed
that more time was spent over the $30
item than over millions being voted for
onc thing and another.
Whilo the leader of the opposition
might better havo reported his discovery to the public works department,
and had a can tied to the road foreman
in question, at the same timo it is good
for the public to -know of such things
just the same, and, furthermore, there
may be political advantage for the opposition gained.
Another picco of information gleaned
from thc debate on the estimates was
that T. Duff Patullo, minister of
landB, apparently flndB time for an afternoon sieBta. According to W. J.
Bowser, ho reclines every afternoon at
full length upon a *90*sofa, and not
content with that, he draws up over his
spread alarmist reports, but   it is in ^8uoff*10 b,nukot to keot> tbe flhUI
And the minister of the gas-government travels and travels, and so do the*
inspectors, of which a herd are employed.
Although there has been much time
wasted, fhe"public at least may be no-
surcd thut the protestations of tho government thnt il desires to retrench
where possible, are all buncombe, for,
as a mutter of fact, there huve been
salary increases in great number nnd
generally speaking, the cost of administration this yenr will be much heavier
than last,
of sufficient information
from authoritative sources to warrant
this warning. If the unorganized workers of B. C, are wise to their best
interests they will lose no time in protecting themsljlvos by- joining hands
with those already organized, so that
any emergency which may arise can be
safely nnd effectively dealt with.
Meantime keep your eyes on the
Ottawa gnng of pirates operating as
the bell-boys of the food hogs and profiteers who are us busy ns groundhogs
just now in the Capital City.
Do it immediately!
Secretnry Birt Showier reports thut
the Warehousemen hnve appointed a
committee to drnw up a new wage
schedule, which they hope to put in'
effect at tin early date. The new business agent, A. R. Robertson, started in
on his ditties Monday und by Wednesday had seven new membors. The local
has had n union button hiade and it will
now bo easy to spot u union warehouseman on sight.
Tf yon hnven't joined the Fodorated Ijithor
Party, *ct In touch with Secretary Taotter,
Room 206, Labor Templo. or any of tho vfi.fi-
preitldentit thronghont the province. M*
SUNDAY, April 2.1—Saw Filers
MONDAY, April 22—Boilermakers, Stoam Engineers, Electrical Workers, Patternmakers,
Amalgamated Enginoers, Iron
Workers, U. 11. Carpenters No.
017, Street Rnilwaymons executive.
TUESDAY, April 23—Barbers,
Upholsterers, Amal. Carpentors,
Machinists No.
WEDNESDAY, April 24—Ons
Workers, Mela I Trades Council, Cooks, Waiters and Waitresses, street Railway mon j
Teamsten and Chauffeurs.
THURSDAY, April 25—Sheet
Metal Workers, hunters, Shipwrights nnd Caulkers, Machinists No. 182, District Council Carpenters,
FRIDAY, April 25—Pile Drivers
nnd Wooden Bridgobuildors,
VIumbers, Shipyard Laborers,
Mill nnd Factory Workers,
SATURDAY, April 27—Machinists Ladies Auxiliary ' whist
drive and dance.
Hotel and Restaurant Employees.
Busines Agent Mackenzie reports
progress nnd well attended nieetings
of the Hotel and Restanrant Employees. Expect to hold another dance
about first of May. The'business agent
wishes all union men to draw tlio union
to the attention of girls who have not
already joined. It will be to the advantage of those girls to join before the
summer season commences. Office is at
room 209, Labor Temple.
The secretary of Ihe Patternmakers
reports thnt the union is in a flourishing condition. All members nre work-
ing nnd thero !b u bright outlook for
the future welfare of the membors. The
union had nn election of officers and the
following were the lucy, or unlucky
ones, whichever way one wants to
look at it: President, Joseph Bam-
forth; vice-president, R. McDougnl;
recording secretary, E. Westmoreland;
flnnncial secretnry nnd business manager, II. S. Nightscalcs; executive committee, J, Bamforfh. O. Hoys, E. Westmoreland, J. Russell, R. McDougal, A.
Cunningham and W. Hunter.
Soft Drink Dispensers
Secretary Mntlishuw of tin1 late Bartenders .inion reports that the members
have been reorganized und will b«
known us the Soft Drink Dispensers
Union, No. 071), remaining u branch nf
the Hotel nnd Restaurant Ent ploy 008
union. An organization campaign is In
be launched and nil union men nre asked to drnw the a tton tion of BOft drink
dispensers to the union. The officers
and execlutive committeo nre: President, Mi McCnnn; vice-president, .f.
Smith; treasurer, Chas. Leer; financinl
secretary and business agent, W. Mottishaw; executive committee, J. Edwards, Fred Taylor, Geo. Morency nnd
Vol Horitior.
Coast Wide Strike For One Day on
May First in Order to
Obtain Release
Without waiting for the 22nd of
April, tho date set by ^entile central
lubor council to take the vote on the
1st of May strike, Ihe Blacksmiths here
decided that, unless Mooney nnd nil of
his co-defendants are unconditionally
released before that time, they will lay
down their tools.
The central lnbor council and the
Metal Trades council huve both endorsed the one-day strike in Scuttle, but u
muss meeting is to be held on the 22nd
to take final action. The strike will, tn
all likelihood, lake place in nil the targe
industrial centres of the Paciilc coast.
The ten-minute strike on the 1st of May
last yenr was effective as far as showing that thc workers woro behind
Mooney, but it seems that it is going to
take something far more drastic to
avoid a hanging bee.
Machinists Ladies Auxiliary.
At the meeting of the Machinists
Ladies Auxiliary, hold Tuesday, several
new members were admitted, bringing
Ihe total up to forty-live, whieh shows
a steady growth. The lodge has arranged its meetings for tho first nnd
third Tuesdays in Ihe months nt 8
p.m. nnd will be pleased al nil times
td welcomes new members. Thc Indies
nre busy preparing for the whisl drive
and dance whicli is to be held in the
Labor Temple. Saturday, April 27, and
it already looks like a big success, You
are invited to sell tickets for file dance.
They cnn bn obtained from Business
Agent MoCallum In the Labor Tomplo,
or through members of the Machinists
lodges. D. McCallum nnd J. 11. McVety assisted in the election of offlcorsj
which resulted ns fellows: Presidont,
Mrs. C. A. Crawford; vice president,
Mrs. O. Taylor; financial socrotary,
Mrs, D. Dny; recording secretary, Mrs.
It. A. Towler; trensnrer, Mrs, C.
Caovcoj past president, Mrs. I. Denny;
conductor, Mrs. F, Griffith) wnrden,
Mrs. T. MeCullum; chaplain, Mrs. F,
Edney; sentinel, Mrs. C. Edwnrds;
musician, Mrs, W. Stalker.
Seems to Bo Another Way of Getting
tho Laundry Workers
Oood Conditions
Following the example of Scuttle, the
Spokane Labor council is mnking preparations to go into the laundry business. Under managemonl of ihe council
a modem laundry, employing at Ihe
start nt loast 25 persons, is to be open-
d in a centrally located building. The
laundry will bo operated especially for
tho benefit of union members of the
city, all faniilits in good -standing having their work done at cost. Laundry
work for others will be done nt Ihe regulnr rates.
Since the Vancouver luundry trust
fired I wo of its employees, for attempting to form u union, business agents
around here have been talking and looking into the mutter of a union-owned i
laundry. The above daily press Item i
docs nut give nny reason for the move
in Spokane, but 'it looks as though the|
trades council was determined to
gariize the laundry workers one wny
nnother. A general strike was tried in
Kansas City, but, from nil reports, the
laundry trust hns won the day by means
Journeymen Barbers WiU Not Become
Millionaires With Thalr
Raise in Wages.
In order In correct tho impression
thai is being circulated in the locnl
daily press, regarding thc increased
pricei* fur haircutting and shaving, it
mighl he well to givo a few details
as to the why and thc whercofro of the*
misc. The Barbors union seems to bes
the gnat in this mntter, but the demand for higher wnges is necessary on"
account of the increased cost of living..
Thc old rate of pay for barbers wat:
*l(i a week und (10 per cent, on nil over*
*25 tnken in by ench barber. Thc liev
rate is »22 a week and .-MIO per cent, on
nil receipts over *:I4 tnkon in by ench
bnrbcr. At the old rnte ubout 15 per
cent, of thc barbers were making 925
per week und about 20 per cent, wero
making $20 up to *2S, while the balance of 65 per cent, were mnking lie*
tween *].i and .*20 per week. These
wages will nol make millionaires out of
the journeymen barbers, becnuse the
cost of living has increased even high*
;cr than Ihis new scale, which goes into
effect April 22, nnd will be the same
us Seattle, Portland, San Franolsco nnd
[dozens of smaller cities. The price of
children's linlrcuttlng remains the
same and the 25c shave includes a neck
States That Mooney Should Have Been
Granted New Trial and HateB
to Pronounce Sentence
When  Judge   Griffin,   Kan   Francisco,
was, last Saturday, confronted with the-
duty of sentencing Mooney to be hung
for a crime, of which he was Innocent,
he wns not oqual to the task, luit continued tin' rending of thc sentence until
the 27th of this niontli.   The judge wns
very frank in expressing his utter unwillingness to pronounce n sentence on
Mooney, nnd stated thni he should hnve
e ' been granted a new trial.
el     "I am luiifh to re-sentence this mnn
-to death after the (hidings of the fede-
r j ral investigation committee, but under
n | Ihe luw T am compelled to do so," said
the judge.
f armored
After   all,   thi
Seattle   u
ay   ll
nks   till
Coat Output in B. C.
From 1801:— Tons.
1W1 lo 1W6   4,780,333
ISiHi to 11)0(1   5,0(10,860
HI01 lo IMS   0,003,OJfi
liKli; to 11)10   Bj801,74]
1H11 to 1915  10,881,445
The fate of 1500 railwaymen i
Manitoba ns regnrds military servie,
nnd of thousands of others' in th
West will be known Thursday. Th
central appenl court judge in Ottawa
will give his ruling on Iheir enses on
that day.
A specinl meeting of tlie Mulders*
union wns held this week at which Organizer Burns and It. II. Motcnlf spoke
of the conditions of the union. U. H.
Melenlf stated thnt sick benefits to the
sum of three million dollars hnd been
pnid nut to members, $1,500,000 in
denth bonefits, $400,000 disability funds,
$150,000 out-of-work funds nnd hnd
pnid o.if ifl.t.OOO jn death uud disability
funds to soldier members nnd are keeping nil enlisted men in good standing.
Orgnnizer Burns staled thai the Molders had been granted ♦fl.OO in Seattle,
nnd the foundrymon of Portland hail
agreed to a l(lfl.8o wnge scule. The local
union hnd doubled Hr membership sinco
'the first of Ihe year. PAGE TWO
FBIDAT April 19, 1918
Remarkable Savings on Men's Suits
Values that are impossible to duplicate at wholesale
today. Investigate these offerings—it will pay you
UP TO $20.00—
Men's Suits	
..UP TO $25.00—
Men's Suits	
UP TO $30.00—
Men's Suits	
(IP TO $35.00—
Men'a Suits	
UP TO $40.00t-
Men 's Suits ......
UP TO $45.00—
Mon's Suits	
$35 Super Quality, Pure Wool, West of England, Navy Blue
Serge Suits; guaranteed absolutely i'ast <tOA *?*_
indigo dye .»P*fciU. I «J
Carrying the
DISCOVERED by Daddy when
he unexpectedly found something invigorating and wondorully
tasty in his morning cup o' cheer.
Something that put everybody in good
Nabob Coffee
GOES further, too, because of
being packed in vacuum
cans that proservs tho volatile ,o11b
from evaporation, and returns the aro-
am.    Mother boosts for it now.
Kelly, Douglas & Co., Ltd.        Vancouver, B.C.
We suggest a visit
of inspection to
our store, any day
between 0 a. m.
and 6 p. m.
to His Excellency
Mr. Young
helping him to
stand out among
his fellows as a
careful, tasty and
exclusive dresser.
For his and also for
the older man, we
are offering the
new classy military
models and many
other lines, both ultra-fashionable and
'Comrades' of the Great War
[By J. H. Hogge, M. P.] i
The Mansion House was lent for the
inaugural moeting of tho association
known as tho "Comrades of the Great
War." Everybody who was anybody
was there. The lord mayor presided.
Some twenty discharged and disabled
men wearing the silver badge—members
of the National Federation of Discharged and Demobilized Sailors and Soldiers
—had also obtained access to the meeting. And thereby hangs a tale. The
National Federation is a democratic organization of discharged men. It is a
large organization. It has now at least
150 branches all over the country. It
wus in existence long beforo the Comrades of the Great War was born. It
sprang into existence as a result of the
passing of the Review of Exceptions
Act. This-was, in its original form as
a bill, aa attempt on the pnrt of the
govornment to medically re.examino all
discharged and wounded men aud put
them back into the army. It was an
abominable proposal, which was fought
line by lino iu tho House of Commons
by Mr. Pringle, M. P. and myself. Our
ciTnrts resulted in changes by which it
wns at least secured thnt any man who
hud seen service ovorseas was not to be
ire-examined, but would indeed claim his
Mi mil discharge from the army. Part of
the campaign consisted in fighting the
by-election in tho Abercrombie division
of Liverpool, whoro Lord Derby's son
was the coalition candidate. The soldiers' candidate was Mr. F. B. Hughes,
and his agent was Mr. Charles Derry—
both discharged men.
It was after this event that the Com
rades came into being. The organization was promoted by six M. IVs, who
signed a letter to the press. Five of
those six membors of parliament had
voted in favor of tho Review of Exceptions Act, which, as I have already
pointed out, sought to put men like
Messrs. Hughes and Derry back into
the array.
This indood was a fine preliminary
note of comradeship—explaining tho
title of "Comrades of the Great War."
Theso six membors pitched the tale
about their military service. Their military service was not worth talking
about. Only one of them has done any
real sorvice in this war. The service of
the others has been at home and mainly
at Whitehall.
The aims and objects of the Comrades
were lifted bodily from the constitution
of tho National Fedoration.
Apparently they had not brains
enough between the six to hit out on an
original line. Their methods of organization, too, were to say the least of it,
peculiar. Instead of holding meetings
of their own and establishing branches
of their organization they sought to se^
duce members of the National Federa^
tion from allegiuneo to their own or*
ganization. They spent their money in
bringing membors of the executive of
the National Federation to London, unknown to the Federation, and trying to
induce them to come ovor to tho Comrades and bring their branches with
them. Unfortunately their methods
were successful with some mon, inelud
ing Messrs. Hughes and Derry, for
whom so much had been done by the
Federation. They also" succeeded in
taking over one or two branchos. The
National Federation, however, stood
firm. They took drastic action and ox
polled all those who had succumbed to
the blandishments of hum who had voted in parliament to put them all back
into the army. A new executive wns
appointed—a better and more representative onc—:and'the National Federa.
tion went ahead, and is Btill running
Tho object of the Comrades is obvi
ous. The National Federation had become a political menace. Its demands
were awkward to the powers that be,
and the Comrados were encouraged to
"gas" tho discharged man. He was not
to bc allowed to become a power. He was
instead . to bo taught what was due
from him to his superiors. He wrns to
bo drilled into blessing the squiro and
his relations.
A great socinl organization was,
therefore, adumbrated. It iB trying to
obtain £1,000,000, and in its appeal to
the public asks thehi to help the men
to help themselves. Tho funny thing
about it is that they have got no men.
The National Federation has the men,
and it is not asking for money. It is
financing its own organization. It abhors and loihhcs charity and patronage,
lt is one to demand that the state shall
do right by the discharged men and the
dependents of their comrades who hnve
fallen. It insists upon this, and is pre
pared to insist to the extent of forcing
an election if it does not get its way.
Thc discharbed man is under no illusions.
Ho believes what he has boen told.
He hns been told that he has saved the
country. He therefore says, Well und
good, if I have saved the eountry I'm
good enough to help to govern it. He
looks round the country he has saved
and sees much in it that was not worth
Having. He looks round and sees that
wealth still remains uncontrolled. It is
not conscripted, it goes bofore no tribunal, and he says if my life was conscripted to save this \venlth, why
shouldn't it be conscripted to save my
life, and the lives of the dependents of
Ihe mon who have fallen to Buve it?
Now this is, of course, ruvolutionnry.
It is very awkward for those who have
lost least in the war. And so thoy attempt to fob it off with a bribe—in this
case £1,000,000 spent on clubs, buns nnd
When, therefore, they kicked off in
the Mansion House a few discharged
and wounded tnen who snw to tho heart
of the hollow ahnm attended nnd expressed themselves very bluntly, they
were heaved out of the Mansion House
by tlio same people who desired to heave
them into the army. Tho lord mayor accused them of being employed by German money.    Lord  Charles Bercsford
K T m-mmmm VICTORIA, B. 0.
called them Bolos. Tbe lord mayor has
since apologized, and it is true to Bay
that he did not know the circumstances.
I acquit him entirely. I have Been him
since, and so convinced is he of the
utility of the National Federation that
the Fedoration can have, if it chooBes,
a nieeting at the Mansion House.
There were men, however, on the
platform who could havo told the lord
mayor differently; men like Sir Hamar
Groenwood, M. P,, Major Ashby, M. P.,
Colonel Norton Griffiths, M. P., and
others. They knew the mon. Had they
not already shown their comradeship
by voting to put them back into the
army? Thoy Bat Bilent and oponed not
their mouths. They were appealing for
money. Mon are giving chequea for
£5000 a time. The National Federation
is living on affiliation fees of sixpence.
It is the old, old story—woalth versus
independence. What is the discharged
man going to do? Is he likely to bo
bought by tho glamor of n woalthy organization? Is he to be fed on buns
and billiards by people who don't cure
to see the awakening of democracy?
Or is he going to trust to hia own coni-
mon sense and intelligence?
I plump for common sense. The discharged man will see through the sham
of the Comrados with nil their window-
dressing. He will cling to his own organization. It is a strugglo between
millions of men and millions of money.
If the mon are men they will win hands
down, and when they have won thoy
may then havo leisure to start an organization for the superannuation of
public busybodies, whose function of
choloforming alert, alive, energetic mon
who know what they want and how to
get it, will at length have become paralytic and useless.
Throughout Canada
This spring fully 300 halibut boats
are operating out of Prince Rupert.
Tho Lady Garment Workers are en
rolling a largo nuhilior of now members
at the present time in Montreal,
It has been announced by the fedoral
labor department that an agreement
has beon reached between the miners
and steel workers of tho Nova Scotia
Steel & Coal Co. and the company
thus nverting a threatened strike.
S. A. Mundy, wealthy lumberman of
Brnnford, Penn., formerly of Revel-
stoko, who wus manager of tho Mundy
Lumbor Co., of Three Valley, is reported
to,have nequired over a million acres of
forest lands in Northern Ontario.
CALGARY—The General Contract
ors' association has signed an agree
ment with the bricklayers and plasterers which will mean work without cessation until July 1, 1919. Tho agreement is based on a wage of 85 cents an
The stonecutters ure securing 80 cents
an hour, and are evidently satisfied
with present conditions.
Nearly all the contral labor unions
in Canada have sent in petitions to
Sir Robert Borden and the government, asking that a fair increase of
wages be made to tho Letter Carriers,
whom it is generally conceded are
Tho Granby company is preparing to
insfal a coal plant costing upwards of
$2,000,000 near Nanaimo. Plans include
the construction of docks and coking
ovens, and tho purchase of boatB to
convey tho product to the amelter at
Windsor, Out., Bricklayers and
Masons have succeeded in securing an
advantageous new agreement with the
building eontractors. Wages are advanced to a minimum of 75 cents an
hour, and hereafter wages are to be
paid weekly.
The Muiiitenaiiee-of-way Employees
on the Q M. & S. railwny, have,
through the efforts of General Chairman J. Sheppnrd and a committee, secured an increase in wages of 50 cents
a day. Rules and working conditions
have also been matorially^improved.
The strike of the Winnipeg Journeymen Tailors is still ou,t but it is only
one-half as extensive as it was when
noticed in our previous issue. One-half
of the merchant tailors have signed up
the new scale, and the union decided to
rolease the members for work in these
Organizer Bush of the United Garment Workers reports that the craft ia
building up strong in Western Canada. All the big plant and overall factories in Winnipeg and tho other large
industrial centres nre-^fow conducted
as union shops, and carry the union
label on their goods.
The Nova Scotia Steel & Coal com-
pany hns paid out $3,142,500 in dividends, and has a surplus of $1,730,092
in thc treasury, us the result of tho
labor of its employees for thc year
1917. The annual statoment of the
company shows that it haa assets in excess of its liabilities of $10,000,000.
A new lumbor mill is to bo erected
forthwith at Cowichan station and a
new logging concern is about to bogin
operations at .Mounts Swahip. ThiB latter makes the third lumbering development between Sahtlum Btation and
Duncan on the E. & N. branch line to
Cowichan Luke within tho past twelve
The total value of production in the
forest industries of British Columbia
last year was $48,013,115, compared
with $35,528,000 in 1916, ,.n incrcaso of
$13,385,115, ur about 38 per cent. The
most remarkable increase is in tho production of^pulp, which in 1917 waa valued at $7,447,080, as against $3,500,000
for the yenr before.
The fishery products of British Columbia for the fiscal year ending March
31, 19.17, totalled $15,311,954, a gain
over tho previous year of $773,034. The
total valuo of the fishery products of
the entire Dominion of Canada for that
fiscal year totalled $39,208,378, a gain
of $3,347,070 over former year. Of thc
total fishery products of tlio Dominion,
British Columbia producod 30.30 por
cont. /
CALGARY—Tho employeos of the
Dominion Express company, members of
the Expressmen'b Central union, are negotiating with tho employers for a better wage and chunged working conditions, nnd it is said authoritatively that
the negotiations are progressing favorably, The union embraces all the employees of the express company, clerks,
stenographers and others, and the negotiations involve several branch offices
through the provinco.
MOSCOW—Twolvp hundred Austrian prl
loners JtinniKlio.it Siberia .mv- boon armed
am! onlistctl in tho Rod (lunrd. Thosa mon
went socialists who had renounced thoir An*-
iri'ii)   ritUonslllp.
Bumptive miner in the country to come
to tkis provinoe and this the government was not prepared to do at this
time. On the hernia question, he was
not so positive, but thought that a conference and a wider interpretation by
the board would cure, at least to some
extent, the necessity of including hernia any more positively than at present
Meets   Executive   Council
and Suggests Changes
in the Act
Secures Some Concessions
and Makes Progress
With Others
[By Jas. H. McVoty]
(Chairman Workmon'a Compensation
Act Committeo)
As reported in Tho Federationist last
woek, the committee representing tho
Fedoration of Labor and the Railway
Brotherhoods, met tho executive council
of the government on Thursday laBt,
following nin interview with Hon. Mr.
Farris, attorney general and minister of
Labor. The committee had secured
copies of the amendments proposed by
the compensation board to the act, and
of the nmendmonts submitted, endorsed
these giving effect to tho following:
(1) To include employees of the
provincial government who would bo
covered if employed by a privato employer,
(2) Widen thc definition of the
word "person" to include "any body
corporate or politic."
(3) Giving the board power to extend the scope of the act to include
other industries und occupntions.
* (4) Permitting the board to pay
compensation to workmen suffering
from permanent disablement, other than
disfigurement of the head, which is already provided for.
(5) Providing that where a medical
aid scheme hns beon approved by the
board, it mny authorize employers to
deduct the amount agreed upon from
the wages of employees and may order
the employer to pay the amount over to
the proper parties.
(Note—A mining company at Silver-
ton, B. C, deducted the monoy from tho
wages of the omployoes and thon refused to pay it to the doctors selected by
the workmen).
(6) Giving thc board powor to require employers to maintain auch flrst
aid appliances as are deemed necessary,
(7) Giving power to tho board to require the deductions of ono cont per day
to be paid in to board by employors as
frequently as board requires.
(8) Giving power to board to re
quire safety devices and permitting
closing of all or part of plants refusing
to carry out instructions regarding installations. Also increasing penalties
for failure to carry out regulations.
(9) Permitting board to decido
eases on "real merits and justice of
case," and not to be bound by legal
Proposed Amendments Opposed
The proposal of thc board to give itself the powers of judge and jury and
court of appeal was opposed by the committee, being of the opinion that the
scheme was both vicious and arbitrary.
Mr. Furria stated he had alroady decided not to grant any such powers.
The board had asked for power to
compol employers to transport injured
workmen, evidently with tho idea of
transferring some of its own responsibilities.   This was also struck out.
The amendment providing that notice was deemed to havo been given tho
day following its posting, This the
committeo objected to and the Bection
will bo amended to provide for registration, and that the notice will be
deemed to havo beon served when it is
Non-resident Alien Dependents
On tho question of reducing the com
pensation of non-resident alien depon
dents under thc guise of increasing thc
payment to widows with more than four
children, Mr. Farris was obdurate. He
believed that the compensation should
bo reduced nnd that it was unfair to
send so much money out of the country
thus enabling, foreign dependents to
live better than those resident. Thc
employers were not going to escape uny
lighter, and he thought it was all right
to increase thc compensation of some of
the resident dependents nt the expense
of thoso living in other countries. The
committee recited the history of tho
question since it first arose under the
old compensation act, nnd had been
tnken to the privy council for a decision. When the presont act was beforo
the government of tho day, the samo
questions had again arisen, nnd the
government had agreed with the workmen that there should not bo nny difference between tho resident dependents and thoso who had not or could
not take up their residence in this country. The workmen of the provinco were
not disposed to agree to reducing the
compensation for the alleged advantage of securing a slightly higher allowance for thoso who had more children
than provided for in the act.
Appeal to the Executive Council
When it was aeon that Mr. Farris
was determined not to agree, the committeo asked for an appointment with
the cabinet, and nfter n few minutes,
tho premier, Mr. Oliver, agreed that
the amendment should bc deleted, and
as a matter of fact, it should not have
been inserted.
Otber Points Raised
Owing to the higher coBt of living,
the committee asked Mr. Farris to follow the example of tho Britiah government nnd, aB a war measure, increase
the compensation 25 por cent. Thia,
Mr. Farris said, tho government waa
unable to flo at thiB late hour in the
session, as a proposal of that kind
would requiro that tho employers should
be heard, and there was no time for
that now. In futuro these matters
should be takon up earlier, and a joint
meeting had with thc board.
Ask That Musicians Be Included
That musicians employed in theatres
and moving picture houscB should be
included under tho act as nro moving
picture operators and stage hands, contended tho committee, Mr. Fnrris pointing out that with the amendment the
board would have power to add these
Hawthornthwalte Amendments
The member for Newcastle lias introduced an amendment to include "miners phthisis" and "acquired hernia,"
and the committee spoke in favor of
the inclusion of both of these diseases
in the industrial schedule. Mr. Fnrris
declared that to include the miners consumption would be to invite every con-
Vancouver Irish Opposed to
Conscription in
The report in tho Provinco of April
11 that a faction organizod as "Tho
Irish Association of British Columbia"
had cabled Promier Lloyd Goorge endorsing his government's proposed extension of conacription to Ireland, has
roused many of the Irish men and
women of Vancouver to protest against
this oxtension of conscription. They
have already aent a moasage to tho new
Irish loader, John Dillon, endorsing tho
moro aggressive tactics of the Irish
party at Westminster and itB opposition to conscription in tho circumstances, claiming for Ireland the samo
right of self determination in tho mntter of conscription and governmont^aa
is granted to Canada or Australia. Patriotic Irish men and women of Vancouver aro actively organizing for continued support of their fellow-patriotB
at homo in their long and bravo struggle for rights which the whole world,
with the exception of the junkor reactionaries of England, concedes to .him.
[Frederic C. Howe]
(TJ. S. Commissioner of Immigration)
Wo nro familiar with tho feudal ownership
of land in Europo and tho groat estates of
tho old aristocracy in Russia, England, Germany and Austria-Hungary. Our indignation
haB been aroused over the rack-rentod tenants of Ireland who, to tho number of millions, woro driven to America by tho oppression of English landlords. Oreat Britain is
divided into great estates, owned by the aristocracy, from which tho people have beon
driven into tho cities, in which four-flftlis of
tho population now dwell. Persons of Scotch
descent in thlB country remember tho stories
of tho enclosures of the land of Scotland hy
the aristocracy, of how the peasants were
sont from tho homos their ancestors had held
for centuries, or how thflhjia.l been driven
almost into the soa, and how hundreds of
thousands of them came to America to escape
the oppression of tho land-owning class. Yet,
while wo aro familiar with thoso conditions
in Europe, fow pooplo realize that a feudal-,
ism has como into existence in the United
Statos similar to that which still prevails In
a groat part of Europe, a Bystom which, up
to tho French Revolution, wns the prevailing
method of land ownership in all of the European countries. Some American states, ln
fact, aro more closely owned than are any
of tho nations of Europe, with the possible
exception of Russia. And the condition of
tho tenant farmer working upon tho great
plantations of Texas, Oklahoma, and many of
tho southern states, is but slightly better
than the condition of tho Irish tenants who
were driven to thiB country in tho hungry
forties to eEcape starvation.
WASHINGTON—Lahor department statistics ahow that forty-six por cent, of the
womon in Industry oro roceiving loss than "
per weok.    Sixty-four less than $10.
Eye Delays
Are Dangerous
<J Nothing should stand in
tho way of your attention to your
oyos. At any time—any day—any
momont, there may cumo tho critical point at which irreparable
damage may be done by the defective eyo to the structure of tho
nervous Bystem—or when tho weakened nervous system may fall to
supply tho enormous demands
made upon it hy defective eyes.
That Is tho dangerous moment.
_ Thero can be no reasonable excuse to offer one»3lf nfter
this Irreparable damage has  boen
 done.   Dofuctive eyes may he made
to function properly. Only unpardonable n.'glect cnn explain the
danger having heen unnvoided.
The proper glasses, ground and
fitted after a thorough optometrl-
cul exuniination by an export, will
supply the deficiency of tho malformed ey?B,
t_ Avail yourself of the
eyesight service which I offer. It
is nnsurpnsscd in America. Tt is
yours at any tilno. You should
know the stnte of yonr eyes. It
will be my pleasure to tell you
their precis,' condition.
Seymour  1993
Oranvllle Optical Oo.
Below Drjredale's
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 HutiSfl ItrMt Wait
To Federationist
Please remember that no letter
acknowledgement of subscriptions or renewals are made,
Tho addrt-ss labol on yonr
paper carries tho date to which
your Bubscription is paid. If,
after forwarding monies to this
offlee, tke correct change in
your label date la not mado,
notify us it once. When you
hare a kick to make regarding
delivery, or otherwise, ktatUy
send it to tkis offlce—Mt to
the otker fellew. This jtm
will ret matters adjusted, and
we'll all he happy.
B.C. Federationist
Lahor Temple,
Vancouvor, B. O.
Sweater Coats
Of Fine Cashmere       S
A Sports Sweater with
warmth for chill spring days.
They are made on Ijnes lithe
as an athletic maid's coat
should be. Truly a merry
group of cashmere in colors
as varied as these: Bussian
green, rose, emerald, coral,
saxe, etc., and all have wide
collars, some pointed. Cuffs
are turnovers. Plain colors,
or in combinations of two or
more shades at $9.98,
$12.50, $13.50, $15.00
Silk gloves are so similar Id appearance and' different in fact.
Only thc extreme cars taken In
making Kayser doable tipped
gloves assures and maintains their
long wearing perfection. Plain
colors or black with whito em-
broidered backs or tho reverse.
85o,   11.16.   11.26,   11.60,   11.75.
Saba Bros.
'Che Silk Specialists
Don't waste food—France needs lt
HIGH-GRADE COFFEE costs 500 por
pound, but
Empress Coffee
by doing away with tlio oxponsivo tin
container and substituting an attractive, double-lined, sanitary papor
package, is put in tho hands of consumers at 40 cants per pound.
Not only do yon save 10 cents on
every pound of "Empress" you buy,
but the new package menns a vory
valuable saving of tin—a necoHsary
war-timo commodity.
Got a package of this delicious
Coffoo today. In tho new form it Ib
put np in the wholo berry to presorve
its full flavor. Sold by all grocers
undor a strict money-back guarantee.
Empress Mfg. Co. Ltd.
of all Trades
Tho reputation for keoping the
largest nnd most complete stock
of tuols of all kinds and for all
trados in Vanconver has only boon
obtained after years of patient and
painstaking effort.
Come in and seo us nnd you will
nt onco recognize tbo fact that we
know good tools. We mny ho ablo
to help you In making your selection.
ip Builders' Tools
We haw n fnirly coinplote lino
of tho tools needed by ship carpenters.   Come in and seo them.
J. A. Rett, Ltd.
339 Hastings St. W. near Homer
*■ tenders up till 12 o'clock noon, Tuesday, April 30th, for tho supply of Crushed
Rock for the term of ono yoar from date of
Specifications   and   tender   forms   can   be
obtained at the office of tho City Enginoor.
Purchasing Agent.
Should be in the home of
every minis IT IK TOUES7
—Phone Fsirmont 2624—
Tho telephone hss its part ln the
great gamo of doing our utmost in thoso
times. That facility is provided for every
movemont, business and otherwise, is
due to a large extent to excellent telephone service. The demand for tolephono
ttrriM ln British Columbia today Is
trailer than over, and extensions are
being made to outside plant and additions to equipment. Tho telephone la a
utility that must be ready whon it Is
needed. Not only will you flnd yonr service available at any hour, but daily it Is
becoming of moro valuo to you, because
you are ablo each day to reach a greater
number of other people than tho day beforo.
B. 0. Telephone Oompany, Ltd.
TENTH YEAR.   No. 16
/Ib Vancouver\
«  oity, $2.00 )
$1,150 PER YEAR
New Teeth .... Good Health .... Long Life
THE proper season of the year to pay attention to your
teeth is every season.
If there is anything wrong take your
tooth troubles to Dr. Lowe
DK. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth
that in many instances will do the work as well and
look better than your original teeth.
Dr. Lowe's prices, value considered, are reasonable.
DR. LOWE, Dentist
(Opposite Woodward's Big Store)
108 Hastings St. W., Oor. Abbott.     Phone Sey. 5444
You give the best you have for the money, and you expect
to get thc best valuo you can for four money.
we have been clothing the boys and men of Vancouver. If
you wish a Suit, Hat or Furnishings for yourself or boy wo
will give you the greatest value for the money it is possible to
give.  Wo stand behind every garment we sell.
Tel. Sey. 702
309 to 316 HASTINOS ST. W.
We Offer You in Hats
As Hat Specialists, we're in a position to
givo you exactly what your preference
Our Hat stock is so diversified tbat it
renders your selection a comparatively
simple mutter.
JAUNTY   SOFT   PELTS   in   a   wide
choice   of   greens,    blacks,    bronze,    ivy,
slati1, pearl, navy, cedar, etc., etc.
CLEAN-CUT DERBIES—Leading makes.
Freshest Blooka  |3.00 np to $0.00
NEWEST CAPS (1.00 to -J2.GQ
Richardson & Potts, Limited
(Huts mailed anywhere in B, C, postage free.    Catalog-no on re-piest).
Hunter-Henderson Pure Paints
Quality First
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co.
The new models in Men's Tan Shoes for
spring and summer wear arc here.
Tan Shoes will be in high favor this season, and to be well dressed, every man
will require a pair of tan shoes.
Ask to seo tho now "Hngnr's."
They uro beautteB, and thoy uro
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Look at these prices which T. B. Hill
is offering for the next 10 days
25 dozen Men's Suspenders, worth 50c at 25c.
Men's Suits, worth to $22.50 for $14.85
Men's Suits, worth to $27.50 for $18.85
Men's Suits, worth to $35.00 for $26.50
75 dozen W. G. & R. Shirts, worth to $2.00 for 95c.
Boys' Suits, worth to $7.50 for $4.25
Boys' Suits, worth to $9.50 for $5.50
Boys' Suits, worth to $11.50 for $6.85
Boys' Suits, worth to $14.00 for $8.85
These prices are below what the manufacturers
would charge today.
■ i 	
117 Hastings St. East
Seven Weeks9 Organiaztion
Work Helps to Make
Good Record
Propaganda Meetings to Be
Held in Rex Every
After seven weeks of organization,
work the Vancouver branch of the Federated Labor Party has been launched.
A meeting was held in the Labor Temple last Monday evening. E. T. Kings-
ley presided, nnd in a few brief remarks told how the B. C, Federation of
Labor convention had delegated certain
officers to take steps to launch a political party that would look to the welfare
of those who do the useful work in
society. Already several branches had
been formed, and the movement was
meeting with great success. All the
work now being done was simply organization work, and no definite plan
of organization or working rules would
bc imposed upon the membership until
a provincial convention had been called
to decide such matters. The meeting
was for the purpose of perfecting a
Vancouver branch of thc party, and to
carry on the organization and propaganda work necessary for the capturing
of the powors *j>f municipal, provincial
and federal government.
W. R. Trotter, secretary of the provincial executive committoe, announced
that 473 members had paid their membership fee in thc eity and that over
300 others had signed application
blanks. This had been accomplished in
seven weeks, and the results outside the
city were .just as encouraging. Branches
had already been formed in South Vaneoaver, Nanaimo, South Wellington,
Ladysmith, Victoria, Now Westminster,
Princo Bupert, Fort George, Silverton,
Hedley, Eqssland, Rovelstoke and Nelson, and many other places were in the
course of organization. J. H. Hawthornthwaite had promised to take a
trip through the country bb soon as the
present session of tho legislature was
over ,and this would add to tho growth
of tho party in British Columbia.
The chairman announced that the
moeting would elect officers to carry on
thc work in the city, and that the officers would consist of a president, vice-
president, secretary and an executive
A question was asked ns to the term
of office, and the chairman suggested
that in order to mako the world safe
for domocracy, tho officers would not be
nppointed for life—like a king; they
would always be subject tn disposition
at tho hands of any Bolshoviki move'
mont that might spring up. (Laughter
and applause.)
Soveral members spoke nt this time,
and the gist of their remarks was to thc
effect that the officers would bo ns representative ns possible, nnd thnt the men
with the best executivo ability should
certainly bo elected. The term of office
decidod upon wns till July 1,
Election of Officers
Nominations wero called for to illl
the office of president, and after several
had been nominated and declined, Dr.
W. J. Curry, who had previously declined, stated that if he could help thc
organization along by being it, "I'll
bc it," and he wos promptly Selected
Nominations for vice-president were
called for, and again several were nominated and declined in favor of Bert
Showier, secretary of tho Teamsters
Nominations for secretary were called
for, and in nominating W. R. Trotter,
R. P. Pettipiece suggested that the office
could bc combined with that of provincial socrotary and facilitate the work;
nlso it would bo advisable to have headquarters where membors could reach the
secretary and that the office of W. R.
Trotter could well bc used for this purpose. The membership agreed with
these remarks, and W. R. Trotter was
elected by acclamation.
A motion was made nnd seconded,
that un executive committee of ten bc
elected, three to be women. Thc motion carried, nnd the following were
elected: G. H, Hurdy, Goorge Harrison,
8. Cooke, G. Poole, Ur. .lordnn, D. Me-
Dougul nnd L. D. Taylor. The women
members will hold a nieeting nmong
themselves at a Inter date and select
their representatives to fill the committee,
I'lie chnirmnn suggested that the
brunch should carry on us much propaganda work us possible, nnd hold public meetings nil the yeur- round. A
group of men were holding meetings in
the Rex theatre and the chairman
thought these would lie willing to turn
over the meetings to the party. This
suggestion was well taken, and Ubo executive comhiittee were instructed to
make arrangements for thc holding of
propaganda meetings every Sundny
night in the Rex thcittre,' Hastings
There being no further business, the
neting  ndjourned   and   the  executive
mmittee went into session. The committee delegnted members to mnke arrangements for the taking over of the
Rex    thou tre    propaganda    mootJngs.
(Minimi  ushers und  literature agent
were appointed.
('hus, Lest or will speak next Sundny
i "The Destiny of Humanity," and
Dr, W. ,T. Curry will speak the following Sunday,
The executive committee will urrungc
for a business mooting for the evening
of Internntionnl Labor Dny, nnd also
provide u little social, with short
speeches to follow.
Preildent—Gordon J. Kelly,
Secretary—W. B. Trotter, Labor
Temple, Vaneoaver.
Treaiurer—Mlea Helena Outterldge, Labor Temple, Vancouver.
Vice-presidents — Victoria, J.
Dakers; Vanconver Island, T.
Westwell, South Wellington; Vancouver, E. T. Kingsley, B. H. Neelands ; New Weitmlmter, W,
Yates; Prince Rnpert, Geo, B.
Cuncy; West Kootenay (north),
H. Kempster, Revelstoke; Weit
Kootenay (south), F. Poserlll, Nelson; Crows Nest Pais, H. Beard,
Michel; Boundary, Jas. Boberti,
Coltern; Slmllkameen, W. Smith,
PARTY is organised for the pur-
fioso of securing industrial legis-
ation, and for the collective ownership and democratic operation of
the means of wealth production..
The membership fee is fixed at
$1 per year, SO cents of which
goes to the central committee for
the purpose of defraying expenses
of general organisation work.
The membership roll is open In
each electoral district and all persons are invited to sign who are
willing to and .endorse the objects
of the organization.
Apply to the vice-president of
your district for further Informs-
Big Coquitlam Meeting.
i\ big meeting wns held in the Agricultural hull, Coquitlam, lust Thursday.
There were about 120 present who took
great interest in what thc several
speakers snid. Over fifty applications
were wigned up and 25 paid their membership fee. Among the spenkers were
Chas. Lestor, T. A. Barnard, cx-presi-
dent of the New Westminster War Vct-
eraas' asociation; Geo. Hardy nnd W.
R, Trotter, with W. YateB in thc chair.
Thc meeting was for the purpose of in-
Seattle Daily Union Record
to Make Its Bow on
April 22
The Seattle Daily Union Record will
make its bow to Pacific coast trade
unionists on Monday next. Manager E.
B. Ault has secured premises for the
plant and offices at tho comer of
Union and Sixth streets, a block from
tho Labor Temple, until such times us
thc proposed now $300,000 Labor Tchi-
plc is built. The Daily Record will
start out as an eight-page eight-column
papor, increasing as patronage warrants. A regular telegraphic news service has been provided for, in addition
to '' covering'' the Labor movement
from every angle. The old web press
of tho Vancouver Daily Sun, three in-
tertypo throo-deckers and a modern
typographical equipment has been installed, and an all-union forco secured
for the production of the new venture.
Tho new plant is already in use and the
regular weekly hus been produced from
it fer the past two weeks.
The Daily Record starts out with a
paid-up circulation of about 40,000.
When it is noted that one union alone,
the Boilermakers, subscribed for its
membership in a body, and that this
meant 12,000—or as many us ull the
trude unionists of Vancouver combined
—it will give some ideu of the growth
and possibilities of a movement that
has now a membership of more than
Manager Ault is starting out with
good prospects for making The Daily
Record a success. Many obstacles, it is
true, have had to bc overcome, including the wet-blanket brigade, who ever
and always aver that "it can't bo
done," but with'the splendid co-opera
Hon now being given by the central
labor body, owners of the papor, a real
daily Labor paper on the coast seems
Tho success of The Record will bc
the success of the Labor movoment.
If Seattle paves the way and sets the
pace it is not improbablo that others,
including The Federationist, will, at
some future dnte, emulate its example,
even if the numerical membership of
the trade unions bc not so strong as on
Puget Sound.
Here's to thc Seattle Daily Union
Different Factions of the
Working Class Finally
Get Together
Ohas. Lestor to Speak on Subject Well
Worth Hearing, Entitled "The
Destiny of Humanity"
The Rex theatre has been engaged
for every Sunday by the Vniico-ivcr
branch of the Federntod Labor Pnrty,
nnd propaganda meetings will be held
thero under its uuspices in future. Chas.
Lestor will bo the spenker for next
Sunday, nnd his subject will be "The
Destiny of Humanity," in which In1
will deul witli the forces now making
for the revolution. Mr. Lestor Guilds
tlie opinion that the world revolution is
almost upon us, and in his tirik he will
endoavor to show the reasons for this
belief. Doors open at 7:.'!0, Adlnission
If you haven't joined thn Federntod Labor
1'nrly, Rot In touch with Secretary Trottur*
Room 200, Labor Templo, or any of tho vice-
presidents throughout the province, ***
foresting the workers in the F, L. l\
nnd a branch of the party will be
formed in this place nt a later dnte.
A collection wns tnken up which paid
nil expenses, Sydney Cog is in chargo
iu this city.
New Westminster Women Busy.
Tlie women of the working class held
a mooting1 lust Friday in the Trades
hull at New Westminster. The women
camo out in good numbers to hour the
spenkers, among whom wert' Mrs, T. A.
Barnard und Miss Gutteridge. Another meeting is to bo held in the
near future.
Extension, Ladysmith, S. Wellington.
Chas. Lestor went over to Vancouver
island last Saturday and held several
meetings. On Sundny a short talk was
made ut a mass-meeting of the citizens
of Extension, who listened to the remarks of the speaker with rupt attention, ln the afternoon u meeting was
held in Ladys,tnith, in Miners Hull, and
the F. Ii. P. wns assured of a number
of new members. Dnvid Rees, of the
United Mine Workers, nlso addressed
tho meeting. In the ovening n good big
nieeting was held in South Wellington
and the membership was enlarged considerably thereby.
Another   Part   of   World
Movement Making for
Big Change
The launching of the Ontario section
of tho Canadian Labor Party in the
Lubor Temple, Toronto, on Good Friday,
wus successful boyond thc expectations
of those who had been waiting for the
day when the different factions of the
irking class political movoment would
get together. The adherence to principle by those holding different viewa was
characterized by good-tempered discussion but firmness of expression.
The acceptance of the right of every
worker to the full value of his product
was the fundamental objective accepted
by the big convention of over 400 ere-
dentialled delegates, representing trades
unionists, farmers, socialists, fabians
and co-operators. This objectivo was
endorsed by all sections of the convention. It did not fully meet the demand
for tho fullest recognition of the socialist objective, "The common ownership
of all tho means of lifo," but afforded
a basis for co-operative action that
must assure the success of tho new
It was a fortunate coincidence that
in thc selection of the chairman and
secretary of the big convention the
choice should have rested upon nn ardent member of tho Independent Labor
Party, and for secretary upon an equally ardent member of the Social Democratic Party. Such an incidont may be
accepted as a mere trifle'in tho orgnniz-
ing of thc new provincial party, but
may have a far-reaching effect in consummating the programme to weld tho
socialists and trades unionists together
for effectivo political action. The presence of the, delegates from the United
FarmorB of Ontario wbb an additional
satisfaction to those who called the convention. It was to be expected that the
dclogatos would not be clothed with all
the authority necessary to commit the
farmers of Ontario to tho resolutions
adopted by tho convention, but tho final
action of thc convontion in dealing with
tho mala objective left tho way open
for the farmers' delegates to recommend
the programme of the party to thc 15, •
000 organizod farmers of Ontario.
An important task has beea commit
tod to the special coaimittec appointed
to draft thc programme and standing
orders of the party, but tho personnel
of that, cominittee is the gunrnntee of
sntisfnetory service. The importance of
thoir work is iu the drafting of the
conditions upon which euch unit of the
purty is fitted into the co-ordinated
whole. Detuils, »,ich as the payment of
per capita tax, representation on the
local and provincial councils, are very
important, while provision for an equitable solection of thc parliamentary committee, whose duty it will be to ratify
the local selection of candidates for provincial and federal parliaments, will require serious consideration. Tho task
of the committee is worthy of thc
strong men in the new party.
From now forward it Bhould be the
desiro of every trado unionist, socialist,
independent laborite, farmer, co-operator and fabian to emphasiite tho points
of agreemont, and discuss differences
with toleration and great forbearance.
The very character of thc new party
admits tho right to each wjjt to organize, carry oa propaganda, and conduct
its own business in its own way which,
after nil, is the strength of the new
movement, but that right should be ac
cepted with a view of making more effective the co-operative action when the
fight has to be waged to place working
class enndidutes in the provincinl ond
federal parliaments.
Raving regard for the tremendous
significance of the events of the pnst
three nnd a half years, and the importance of the reconstructions to follow
the great war, the new Labor Party enters the arena of political parties at u
time pregnant with grent possibilities.
To huve effected u working union of the
difforonl factions at this time is the
most stupendous and far-rcnehiiig
achievement of ihe workers of Ontario
during the many years of industrial and
political   uction.    Only   thc   mentally
blind will fall to see the pOBflibll t-
eomo of this unity. The main point to
he remembered is the fact that Ihe dif
Cerent units of the party are voicing
the aspirations of the 'workers. The
workers represenied ure those who, by
physicnl or mental activity, contribute
to the production and distribution of
the necessary sources of life. A new
world is in the making. The Labor
Party is called to direct, this tremendous
chango in ihe basis of life. The Ontario
section is but u part of the big world
movement towards industrial democracy, nnd with the splendid start given
lhi' party nothing run prevent the realization of working cluss solidarity.--In-
dustrlal Banner,
This Sign Is the Delight of
Every Workman
Every dealer wbo thinks veil of yon has CABHABTT'S OVERALLS tot
you.  If your dealer bas not your Bite, let ns know.
Hamilton Carhartt
Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
405 Hastings St. W. Phones Sey. 1966 ft 1966
Friday and Saturday
11.00 fold's Blood Purine!*...
.25 Kclectric Oil 	
.50 Pebeco Tooth Paste....
.20 Storno Solid Alcohol....
.75 Bovrll, 4 ouncos	
.50 Reld's Kidney Pills....
.25 Mentholatum 	
$1.00 Kollogg'B Asthma Cure 	
.60 A. B. S. St O. Tablets	
.25 Reld's Laxative Brom. Tablets
.50 Zambuk 	
$1.00 Reld's Syrup HypojihosphlteK
.25 Hydrogen Poroxide, 4 oz	
$1.00 Reld's Tasteless Cod Liver Oi]
.50 Emulsified Coeoonut Ol]	
.80 Glovers Mange Cure 	
.35 Sodium Phosphate, 1   lh	
.50 Pond's Vanishing Cream .     .82
$1.00 Reld's Emulsion Cod Liver OU   .80
.50 Orchsrd White  _.._...    .JS
.10 Styptic Pencils    08
$1.00 Nulol      .78
.50 Bay Rum    86
$1.00 Reld's Hair Tonto      .76
.25 Menncn's Talcum .
$1.00 Muxated Iron  	
.25 Reld's Cascara Tablets „.
$1.00 Sanogen 	
.25 Reid's Witch Hase] Cream...
.50 Parish's Chemical Food  25
.10 Wash Rags  „ 06
$1.5C Hot Wot?r Wonpeace, 2 quart,
guarntiteeil 1 year _ $1.04
.10 Vaseline  05
Mall Order Department for out-of-town customers.   Samo prices and service as
over our counter.   Address 405 Hastings Street West
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
830 OroiTilU Strsst
619 Haatinga StreM Wast
Oppoiiu Labor Itnipu
—HMfJuairteri for Ubor Hon—
Kit«i—76o *nil |1.00 per dty.
$2.60 pRr wmK md np
Olfi   U   B-MMUbl*   EAUl
Man in Captain's Uniform Who Had
Never Seen tho Tront, Gets
a Soft Snap
A roturnod man in lho uniform ol a
captain is nenror tlio patronago liooi*
than a privato, ovon though tlio private'
may havo honorable wounds. Mr, Slid
is a caso ia point. Mo arrived in Calgary and picked up na cillioor's uniform
sotacwhoro, told of his sorvicos in
Franco, nnd lloroby workod his way
into the honrl of Rov. A. -McTnggori.
Tliis supposed officer was roebmmonded
to Mr. 11. B, Bohnott liy Eov, MoTog*
gart, and was duly nppointoi! oommand
'ng officer of tho dtsonargo depot, Ahout
eightoon months Inter Mr. .Stitl was nr*
rested, nod tho evidence showod thai ho
had novor soon thc front, thnt ho had
two wives living, and was it frnnd.
Street Railway
Service Can Be
Good or Bad
We believe that the people of this community will
accept nothing but the best possible street car
But it is not in our power to give good or bad
service, or any kind of service but what is forced
upon us.
To cut down the revenue of the company below
operating cost will surely lead to inferior service.
The quality of service rests with thc public.
0$€&&t$N* PAGE FOUR
FRIDAY April 19, 1911
Published overy Friday morning by tbe B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
B, Parm. Pettipiece. Manager
Offlce: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7405
After 6 p.m.: Sey   7497K
Subscription: 91.50 por yoar;    In Vancouver
City,  $2.00; to unions subscribing
in a body, 91.00
..April 10, liUS
WE HAVE often been perilously
neur to tears over the awful
experience of (Mr Illustrious
forefathers, who were compelled to pro-
duee their food, clothing, shelter and
olher e s h u ii li nl
THB ECONOMY things by tin* primi-
OF CAPITALIST tive processes iu
PBODUCTION. vogue during the
unhappy days be-,
fore capitalism hnd condescended to
bless the human race with powerful
machinery of production nnd the tremendous wealth of tlio■ present. Aud
what a painfully slow ami laborious
process it must hnve been to produce
thc needed things by hand labor, equipped at the best with but primitive, simple and puny tools, ns compared with
the present lightsome task of turniag
•out great volumes of wealth by the operation of powerful machinery and u
nrarvelously efficient industrial organization. What vivid and illuminating pictures have been painted for our
•delectation, by those qualified to speak
with kno\vledge and nuthority, showing
thc tremendous progress that has been
mado even during the last 100 years, in
harnessing tho forces of nature to do
the bidding of man, and thua lift tho
burdon of toil from his weary shouldors.
And we have shuddered with horror at
the very thought of ever being compelled to revert to tho primitive, laborious
and ill-requited condition suffered by
those unfortunate people whom an unkind fate condemned to live at a period
prior to these glorious days of cheap
^capitalist production und wealth undreamed of in the days of our grandfathers.
* *        *
And now for a poop at somo of tho
economy that capitalist proporty and
production has so boniflcently showered
upon us. A couple of ncrcB of wheat, in
any region at ,all suited to tho production of that cereal, will produce enough
to provide bread for tho average family.
Wo will assume the amount to be forty
bushels. A man and a team cun plow,
sow and harrow tho two acres in one
day. Two dayB' work of one man will
cut, bind und shock it, by the use of
tho cradle and rake, tho primitive harvesting tools of littlo more than a half
■cenbary ugo, and still in use in many
. partB of tho eastern country. To put it
into tho bam will require at the most
"but one day's labor for ono mun. Two
days' labor will easily threHh it with
thc Hail, a threshing machine still in
■use in. many places. The soparating of
thc chuff from the wheat is included in
"the threshing, as it can Iw easily be
■done by the uso of a fanning mill driven
by hand. Thus six days' labor will
have been expended. For grinding the
forty bushels into flour, bran, etc., the
grist miller would take a toll of five
bushels, leaving thirty-five bushels to
be ground into flour, bran, etc., for tho
fnrmor. Thirty-five bushols of whent
will make seven barrels of flour, allowing but forty pounds of Hour to the
bushel. This would leavo 700 pounds of
bran and shorts for tho farmer to feed
his stock, or for auch other purposo as
he might find.
* *        *
Flour is now soiling in the market
here at Vancouver at about $12.00 per
barrel, and brnn closo to $40.00 per ton.
This would mean that our producer of
wheat now has $84.00 worth of flour
and $14.00 worth of bran, a total of
$1)8.00 worth. And he has obtained this
at tho cost of six days' labor. According to Mr. Coughlan, of a local shipyard, who gave testimony before the
recent commission of inquiry into the
dispute between the employers and employees iu the shipbuilding trade, the
average wage in the Coughlan yards is
$95.00 per month. This boing tr.ie,
then the slave in the Coughlan ynrds
must work slightly over a month in order to pim'hnse what Ihe farmer in our
illustration obtained as a result of six
days' labor, and while equipped with
quite primitive and out of dale tools at
that. Even the flour alone will eost tho
wage slave in question nearly an entire
month's earnings. That the above illustration of Ihe production of wheat and
the conversion of it into flour, etc., by
the use of primitive means, is not an
impossible dream, » case may be cited
of a family within a thousand miles of
Vnncouver that raises its wheat in thnt
•manner nnd grinds it in a hand mill
fastened to the kitchen wall, and does
:so because it gels its bread far cheaper
3n that way than is possible by purchasing flour in the market. And the same
family cards it wool by hand and knits
its own gnrincnts for the self-sumo reason. And whut is true in these lines
..of essential production is truo in ull.
* *        *
The difference lit the cost of bread as
between the farmer in our illustration
sttnd the wage slave of the city is easily
accounted for by merely following that
which happens when wheat is produced
ifor sale in a capitalist market, thore to
be transported, milled and disposed of
throughout the world. From the producer to the eventual consumer is n
long, long trail, with many crooks, turns
and windings. And nil nlong thc route
is camped a horde of hungry human
eorniorants depending solely upon the
opportunity to pinch something from
tho volume of plunder passing by, iu
order to satisfy their hunger. As this
horde produces nothing, it must perforce
■oat for nothing, if It eats al nil. Each
individual eats of the bread and passes
it ulong to thc next cormorant, Ihe figures representing the amount he pinched from thc loaf, with a proflt added
for good measure. By the time It
roaches our wage slave, who disposes of
the last remnants of it, a few crumbs at
the best, he is compelled lo cover the
total figures out of the ill-gotten gains
that he kas wrung from ihe kind-henrt-
>cd benefactor *vho hns given him employment ut fabulnoi ffOgM. And what
the farmer at the one end of the transaction g-ts nnd that which the wage
■slave gots at Ihe other, upon thc average just ubout balances. The vast bulk
■of the bread is eaten by fhe cormorants
roosting nlong the way. Tho only difference b.'twcen the fnrm slave (working fnrmor)  and lho city wngo slave
lies in the fact that the former always
slaves in the production of the esson
tial things of life, while the vast majority of the eity slaves spend their entire lives in producing things that conserve no other purpose than that of catering to the follies, vanities and utterly
vicious propensities of masters and rub
ers. The great bulk of the labor ex
ponded iu capitalist production is as absolutely wasted as was that expended
in building the Egyptian pyramids for
the rulers of those ancient days. Could
this productive power be turned to the
production of the essential things of
life, food, clothing, shelter and the comparatively few other requirements, and
the parasites choked off, nine-tenths of
the humnn energy expended today
would be eliminated, even though the
labor force reverted to thc primitive
tools in vogue a century ago. It can bc
easily demonstrated thnt fully nine
tenths of the labor oxnoudod today is
absolutely wasted, »s far as the produc
ers of wealth are concerned. That repre
scuts the economy of capitalist produc
tion carried on by slaves, armed with
powerful and complicated machinery,
over that of free men equipped with the
primitive and puny tools of long ago.
Thero is something right here for far
mors and wage slnves to ponder over.
IP MEMORY is not at fault, there
was at one timo a Canadian Trades
and Labor Congress in existence.
Some there wero who openly averred
that it never did anything to justify its
existence, while yet
IS THE TEADES again there were
AND LABOR many who pinned
CONGRESSDEADgrcat faith to it in
its alleged mission of
bearding the governmental lion in its
den at Ottawa and periodically, pulling
its teeth and clipping its claws, as the
safety and welfare of the Labor Giant
migh; require. Once in awhile this
same Congress used to say some saucy
things, and pass terrifying resolutions
as to whut it would nnd would not do
in the event of hostile governments daring to void their rheum upon thc sacred
gabardine of Labor. Once upon a time
the Congress, and that was long, long
ago, refused, in solemn conclave assembled, to "stultify" itself by the most
magnificent display of stultification
evor recorded in the annals of time.
But bo that as it may, however, no criticism levelled against the Congress because of anything it has done during recent months cnn stand tho test of scrutiny. Thoro is but little question about
that. At ^cast out here in the west we
have not heard of its doing anything.
In fact wc have not even henrd its
name mentioned; we hnve neither
eard it praised nor cursed. That is
why we would like to know if it be living or dead, so thut wc may bo nble to
onsistcntly praise or curse as most befits Ihe occasion nnd circumstances.
Unthinking persons might almost
fancy thnt there wns enough skullduggery going ou around thc government
citadel down in Ontario to call for
ceaseless activity and watchfulness
upon tho part of tho Congress in order
that Canadian Lnbor might not be entirely deprived of all its privileges and
completely hamstrung by thc reactionary und imperiulistie gang thnt pulls
tho military strings ut the Dominion
capital. But outside of u few feeble
squawks of protest during tho curlier
years of the war, next to nothing has
boen heard from the militant throat of
the aforesaid Congress. Of late the welkin has rung only with the most profound silence from that direction. And
everybody knows full well that nssault
after assault and oncrouchment nfter
encroachment hns been made upon the
Canadinn workors by the tools of tho
dominant interests in' the Dominion,
without an nudiblo protest being heard
from those appointed to watch the vuL
ture roost at Ottawa. Cnn it be that
Congress has become ovon more moribund, though perhnps less noisily so,
thnn its distinguished prototype at the
citndol of United States capitalist
cannibnlism? We know the Americnn
Federation of Labor is alive for we can
both hear and smell it. But as to the
Canadian edition of similar import,#we
can neither hoar nor smell it. It is apparently dead, defunct, but evidently
still undecayod, though perhaps petrified. Has it become hypnotized like
Trilby by the Unionist Svongalif Is it
like Paddy's turtle, "dead but don't
know il?" Has it been seared out of
Hs poor wits by the awful magnitude
of the world tragedy unfolding before
its flabbergasted gaze? Surely it can
not have boon so lampered with by German gold as to Impersonate a state of
Innocuous desuetude for the purposo of
destroying the morale of the Russian
Bolsheviki and thwarting the revolution in that country. Perhaps it hns
impaled itself upou that "bloody bayonet" from the field of Flanders.'the acquisition of which upon that memorable
occasion in J!U7 afforded one of tho
most striking historic episodes of tho
great war that is to crush the brutal
and ruffianly might of autocracy by n
judicious application of Ihe gentle nnd
polished right of democracy pure nnd
undefiled. If impaled upon thut bloody
bayonet and its "heartstrings torn"
and lacerated by ftie Impact, let us hope
it lias all come about by accident unavoidable and deeply to be deplored.
Anyhow, is the thing dead or not?
THE WOULD hns for tho past four
yoars or so been plentifully re-
gulcd with tales of the severity
and brutality of that vicious survival
f the feudal uge   known   as   German
autocracy.    Vivid
IS GERMAN pictures   hnvo   been
AUTOCRACY TO drawn of the eon-
BE OUTDONE? soi e hc o 16 s s nnd
wicked rule of thc
Gorman autocrat, whose solo justification for his brutal rule has been set
forth in the openly proclaimed doctrine
that "might, is right," and thut no
treaty, convention, ugreemont, practice,
custom or morul and ethical code is for
a moment to be hold inviolate whenever
the necessities of uutocracy demand
their repudiation. There is not tho
slightest doubt thut ull Ihe accusations
made agninst tho Hun autocracy are
true. Its vicious reign has probably
never been exceeded iu callous brutality
and blind indifference to nil the moral
and ethical codes and precepts lhat
are supposed to distinguish the highly
civilized und eultured races of today
from the low und vulgar savagery of
the past. And evon at thnt not half
the infamous story has been told, for
there aro depths of low cunning and
base degeneracy possibly among the
slimy reptiles of the autocratic swnrnp
that can not be described in word and
phrase. Against all that autocracy is
nr of which it may be possible, every
I rue democrat stands arrayed by the
very virtue of his convictions and the
hope and aspirations that nervo his arm
and stir his heart. There is nothing
within tho gift of autocracy that can
sworvo him from his allegiance to that
democracy which is at onee his star of
hope and his haven of refuge.   Disloy
alty, sedition, treason are words not
found in the vocabulary of real democracy. These belong solely to the
language of autocracy. They express
the venom of the vulgar and vicious
brute of autocracy and absolutism thut
is spewed upon those whose intellectunl
faculties having awakened to tho touch
of reason have brought the glad dawn
of a new and glorious day to their horizon—the funeral day of autocracy and
the natal day of democracy and freedom.
As between the forces of autocracy
and the forces making for democracy
there is and can be no question where
the real democrat stands. He is at all
times opposed to rcuction, to the turning back of the hands of the political
clock. And every onslaught made
upon the few privileges that democracy may hnve oven temporarily gained
iu its age-long strugglo against the
forces of reaction and autocracy, must
be fought by him with a stubborn determination that knows no defeat. And
one by one' those poor privileges ure
being destroyed and nullified by the
equally persistent and stubborn forces
of brutal reaction and rapacious uutocracy, that hns eagerly seized the opportunity afforded by the present ruling class war to destroy domocracy and
restore to all lands the ancient prestige
uf that autocratic and brutal regime
lhal existed before the light of reason
stirred the awakening mind of slaves
to rebellious thoughts against thoir
cruel masters. Scarce a day passes that
the reactionary governments of the
earth do not tnke steps and enact
measures to still further choke democracy and strangle liberty. Their
acts ure each day a complete denial of
tlieir loudly proclaimed democratic purpose in waging the war. Their own
official acts coupled with official winking at the most vicious atrocities perpetrated upon those who have tho temerity to criticize or disapprove of autocracy, affords tho most convincing repudiation of thoir protended love for
democracy that could well be imagined.
By such menns do they strip themselves
of the mask of hypocrisy and stand
disclosed as thoy really are, aspirants
for first place upon the autocratic
roll of honor, even in advance of that
occupied by thc Hun, whom thoy so
stngily curse and upon whose beard
they so noisily void their rheum.
* *        *
While these reactionary governments
have quite logically been driven to resort solely to measures of repression
and autocratic tyranny in order to
bolster up their vicious game and fortify and perpetuate their brutal regime
of hypocrisy, brutality and blood, we
had fondly hoped that tho enlightened
aud progressive government of Canada
would keep its hand steady upon tho
helm of state and steer an undeviuting
course for the democratic haven that
can only be gained by the defeat of
nil nutocrucy, bat more especially that
of mid-European vintage. We huve had
the utmost faith in the sincerity of tho
present government iu its professed devotion to the cause of democracy and
humftn liborty. That is wc have thc
utmost that was humanly possible undor the oxisting circumstances. • But
now wc arc in doubt. The ever truthful news dispatches have shaken our
faith. The following discloses the
reason for our fear that perhaps the
government of this glorious self-govern
ing Dominion is no less reactionary nnd
autocratic than the rest. The only ray
of hope left to us lies in the possibility
of a typographical orror in the following dispatch, taken from the daily
press. Perhaps it should road from
Berlin insteud of Ottawa:
OTTAWA. April 17.—Now regulations
governing the publication of statements, reports or opinions or the verbal expression
nf opinions whieh may lend or weaken or
detract from the united effort of the people
of Canada In the prosecution of the war,
were promulgated last night in tho form of
an order-in-council which received the assent of the governor-general yesterday. The
purpose of tho order-in>council Ib to prevent
criticism of a kind that would divert attention from the object of winning thc war.
Tho provision is made for the seizure and
destruction of pressss, plant, machinery or
material used in the publication of any matter wliich, in tho opinion of the secretary of
state, constitutes a hindrance to united
Conditions in the labor markot have
not appreciably changed since last
week. At some points the market appears steady, nt others fluctuating and
jumpy, but, generally speaking, tho tendency is moro bearish than bullish, in
spite of Mr. Gomper's dictum that "the
labor of n human being is not a commodity or article of commerce."
A German medico has discovered,
■oticocted, invented or otherwise conjured forth a serum that will render a
soldier immune to the effects of poison
gas. Now for a seruai agninst the
poison gas of patriotism and the mil-
enium will be at hand. Once such a
lerum is discovered its use should be
undo compulsory. Especially should it
)0 shot into statesmen, politicians, cdi-
orial nincompoops, sky pilots, labor
enders and hypocriles generally, and
a double doses at that.
Herman A. Marti), straight out pro-
peace and Socialist candidate for the
Wisconsin logislnture, wns elected by a
sweeping majority ut a recent election
in Marathon County in that state. The
flag-flapping and raucous patriots—Republicans and Democrats—fused upou
onc candidate, but il wns of no avail.
Marth won out by 1,000 majority. In
the city of Wuusau he polled 1,000 to
his opponent's COO. The population
of tho country Is not entirely drunk on
the Bmoll of blood and glory. Somo
are still sane.
According to a statement issued by
the International Bureau of tho Council of Workmen's, Soldiers' and Pens-
ants' delegates*, the "Russian working
lasses aro not striving for u republic
of the typo of the American trust magnates, or of the French Stock Exchange
shnrks." This no doubt uccounts for
the mainn*r in which those two republics view with complacency the impudent intervention of feudal Japan into
ltussian affnirs. A bourgeois republic
in RUBS&I would be quite acceptable to
all tha remaining ancient tyrannies on.
earth,, but a Worker's Republic, never.
Mr. 1). Thycko Hedde, the eminent
hod'-onrrier of international repute, in a
recent interview, declared that ho eould
see no advantage to be gained by sotting the clock either ahead or bnck nn
hour or any other division of lime. He
ovon wont so far as to assert thnt this
"daylight.saviug" innovation is fully
as nonsensical as Iho equestrian fonts
of a smnll boy astride n broomstick
But in view of the fact that Mr. Hedd)
Is neither an efficiency expert, a fool
controller, a political economist, a col
lege professor, a financial authority or
a statesman, what else could be expect
ed of him? It requires a fnr greater
perspicacity to discern the merit snugly
ensconced within this "daylight saving" scheme than it does to merely
carry u hod,   Very much grenter indeed
LONDON—Mors signs of approaching
revolution are to be found in the programme
which will be discussed at tho Independent
Labor party conferenco to be held at Leicester,  April  1 and 2.
Oa the agenda for discussion are resolutions calling for the repudiation of the national debt, abolition of the monarchy, the
House of Lords, and of all titlos and state
granted honors, nationalization of mines,
shipping, gas and electrical undertakings,
and a minimum waga of ?5.00 for each
six-hour day.—The New Times.
It will not be necessary to repudiate
national debts. They will repudiate
themselves, becauso there never was, is,
or can be, any other way to dispose of
them. Payment is, in the final analysis,
mathematically impossible. And yet a
fat lot of our great economists and financiers are still blissfully ignorant of
the fact. Also there are a few people
who aro not wise to it. They have
large investments in Victory Bonds
and Liberty Bonds.
It hus been left to the ruling class
of the United tSates to discover how-
to hook the financing of war largely
•upon the slaves who also do the fighting and dying. This "liberty loan"
stunt is about the most cunning artifice ever yet designed for the purpoSb
of catching the working suckers in
shoalj* us well as individually. Singly
they fall for it gleefully and collectively they fall for it uproariously. Unions
take tlio rich stuff by the thousands of
dollars worth. It is really a sight for
the Gods, if there nro nny such. Slaves
investing in bonds on themselves. It
is only the thick-headed slavo who
could possibly fail to see the humor of
it. Perhaps oven they will see it when
this glorious wur is over, when the bottom has dropped out of all this delirium
of industrial frenzy, and tho obligations of the ruling class are not worth
ns much as old junk, Let us hope so
Col. J. Currie, of military fume, asked the Ottawa-Parliament on April 18,
"if it was true that tho son of the
premier of Quebec had beon in uniform
for over a year nnd had not yet gone
to the front," Why, bless the dear
colonel's heart; if he will call at this
office the office boy will put him on tho
trail of gallent men in uniform who
have been parading around these parts
evor since the war begun, and have
never yot been any nearer the firing
line in Europo than the Vancouver post
office, or the bnr of some refreshment
joint. And besides that tho colonel
must surely know that democratic institutions can not well be maintained
unless some officials remain in the
country to Bee that they arc not destroyed. For instance, what would become of the "prcBS gang" if these
military geniuses should all go to thc
front? The colonel may think himself
a military mun of-8omc chest measurement, but there is evidently much thut
he does not yet understand.
From the U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics we learn that, for the year " from
Doc. 15, 1916, to Dec. 15, 1917, prices
of food us a whole advanced 2*4 por
cent, Food as a whole was 50 per cent,
higher on Dec. 15, 1017, than on Dec.
17, 1915. And the advance in prices
goes steadily ou, keeping methodVil
step with the inflution of the world's
dobt, which in common parlance is
termed either credit, cash, money, investment, or capital. Stripped of all
sham nnd pretence, this stuff consists
solely of irredeemable orders upon the
future; promises of payment thut can
nevor be met. When this inflntion has
gone so far that so-culled currency will
havo become so devoid of worth that
it will take a bale of it to buy a
"coffee and," this system of skinning
slnves under the protonco of hiring and
paying, buying nnd Belling, will collapse like a house of curds. At the
rnte she is now going that collupse is
about due to nrrive. Another twelve
months of this glorious wnr gume will
immeasurably hasten its coming. Glory
Samuel Gompers, Esq., of Washington, D. C, emphatically declares that
"human lnbor power is part of a freo
human boing and therefore is not property." So much for Samuel, und who
should know more ubout it than he? Asif
tho distinguished ono'a dictum wero not
enough to thoroughly convince even the
most skeptical, along comes the "Clayton Anti-Trust Act," a legal thingumajig deftly designed, drafted, concocted
and compounded by the United States
Congress in solemn conclave assombled,
which declares wilh imponderable profundity thnt. "the lnbor of a human being is not u commodity or nrticlo of
commerce." Such being the caae, and
who shall dare longer to doubt nftor
both Sntnucl nnd the august body already mentioned have so proclnhnod,
we meekly, modestly, and with un overwhelming consciousness of our temerity
und luck of stnnding in court, beg to
ask what is tho meaning of this "col-
eetive bargaining" we hoar so much
about? With neither property or commodity to bo bought or aold, what in
tho name of goodnesB is there to "bargain" about?
According to the Literary Digest,
"from duly 1, 1014, to March 1, 1918,
tho United States exported lo Europe
enough food to ration completely 00,-
000,000 people, with an additional protein ration for 23,000,000 more." The
actual producers of foodstuffs, tho working farmers und thoir farm slnves, not
only produced nil of thoir own "rations," but ull the "rations" of the
countless millions who dwell in the
cities of that favored land, the great
majority of whom never perform un essentially useful service in all thoir Hvob,
but on top of all this produced full
"rations" for 00,000,000 Europeans nnd
partiuli "rations" for 23,000,000 more.
This affords an inkling as to what became uf that $21,100,000,000 worth of
farm products that tho agricultural workers: of the United States turned into
the murket during 1917. It is needless
to n*tb& thnt tho producors of all this
good stuff got nothing for producing it,
for* uven u schoolboy can easily seo that
titers is nothing wherewith payment
eould be made except tho stuff that was
produced, and according to our authority, n huge quantity wont to Europe,
and wo know tho balance was consumed
in tho citios and towns at home. So
thoro you are. Aad further than this,
it ulso shows that tho showering of tho
wandering Jews in the wilderness with
"manna" was no great scratch of a
performance nfter all, and as a miracle,
the "loaves and fishes" stunt pulled off
by the Nazarene was a crude and pitiful affair in comparison. It is evident
thnt thi» agriculturist is tho backbone
of the nation. Also tho top end of thnt
backbone is solid and substantial in. the
extreme. This being thus all is well.
Tho country is safo.
According to tho report of the Compensation Act committoe, thc distinguished legal luminary who occupies
the august post of Attorney-General in
the present government at Victoria
(Mr. Farris), objects to Mr, Hawthomthwaite's proposod amendment to
the act   oxtonding   its   provisions   to
cover cases of "miner's consumption."
The legal gent opines that a result of
the incorporation of such amendment
into the act will be to lure every consumptive miner into thiB province, hero
to enjoy tho easy-money Elysium thero-
in provided. The ovor-faithful watch
dog of the capitalist class interests
might, and really should, huve pointed
out the terrible temptation that would
also be placod recklessly before the
non-consumptive minera already hore,
to contract, either by fair moans or
foul, the disease that would thus legally "jimmy" the lock of tho treasury
vuults of the provincial government
and pour its golden flood into their lups.
Knowing full well that thc noble mission of the legal fraternity is to safeguard justice and uphold truth aud
honor at all cost, it is a wonder to us
how the august Attorncy-Genornl happened to overlook the fell design of the
skookum and non-conBumptive minorB
of the province who arc undoubtedly
skulking behind Hawthornthwnite's infamous proposed amendment to the net.
Thc well-known purity of intention nnd
nobility of purpose thnt nro the chief
ear-marks of the legal profession, however, but ill-equip its members for detecting and thwarting the vicious und
evil Bchomes of dishonest rogues nnd
unscrupulous knaves. It is but fnir to
acknowledge, however, that Attorney-
General Farris is doing the best he can
to forestall sin and circumvent sinners.
On March 18, thc anniversary of the
hoisting of the red flag over tho city of
Paris by the Communards iu 1871, the
striking workmen iu the Austrian railwny shops returned to work under pressure of the military, and at onco proceeded to loaf on the job, with all the
industry and perseverance of the dyed-
in-the-wool I. W. W. of the hnppy lund
of freedom to the south of us. All of
which is a pretty tough proposition to
deal with, aa tho intellectual militarists
will no doubt bo led to fully appreciate
in time to come. Tako it all around,
and human slavery is a tough proposition anyhow, no matter how you look at
it. Its a tough proposition for the Blavo
to live under it, and its an exceedingly
tough proposition for tho master class
to ao bolster tho infamous thing up as
to prevent its collapse at any moment,
and the burying of both slavos and mas'-
tcra in the ruina. If the alaves of tho
various Christian nations now so gallantly fighting, blocding and dying for
freedom, democracy and the rights of
amall nations, were all to lay down their
tools, say upon the First of May, and
refuse to take them up again, the final
collapse would come with swift and
startling suddenness. If they keep on
along the line they aro now travelling,
that collapse will bo somowhat prolonged, but its eventual arrival is as certain as that the sun will riso upon tho
morrow. May the working claas becomo
sufficiently addicted to the weakness of
acquiring wisdom to bo ablo to so steer
its course in that oventful duy as to
bring order out of ruling clnsa chaos
and usher in an era of Bolsheviki decency, sanity und humanity in tho arena
now made bloody and ghastly by the
ngo-long curse of human slavery.
The Railroad Traintaan puts up a
frantic oditorial squawk calling upon
the powers that bo not to let down the
immigration bars against the admission
of Chineso lubor. Under caption "Put
the Bars Up Against All Cheap Labor,"
a lot of tho old stereotyped noise is
emitted about '' cheap livers'' and
"low standards of life and morals."
,Such eminently truthful nnd unbiased
authorities as the malodorous Roosevelt
and other of the cheap and nasty
scribea that concoct dolorous piffle for
the petty bourgeois prosa, uro requisitioned and quoted in ordor to point out
the very grent danger of a voritable
tidal wave of Bolsheviks rushing into
the United States right upon the hcols
of the present wur, to enjoy the liberties therein provided und sip the sweets
of democracy that Columbia offers to
the parched lips of ull who hunger and
are athirst. It is almost certain that
the Trainman is borrowing unnecessary
trouble, for thore ia nowhere on earth
to bo found n cheaper, more docilo nnd
less revolutionary slnvo thnn he of tho
stur spangled vuriety indigonous to the
"Innd of the free and tho homo of tho
brave." In no other lund is thero to
be found a more spinclesB labor taove-
mont, or one moro profoundly patriotic,
loyal and obedient to the masters and
rulers .if alaves. In no other lund has
the shield of democracy been emblazoned with tar and feathers, the rope, thn
lash and the gaol rampnnt. The Bolsheviks of all tho rest of the world
know this, and knowing, thoy mny bo
trusted to refrain from rushing into the
eujoymont of such blessings as nro being showered upon the slaves ulreudy
thore. Trotsky said to Root, the petrified old reactionary sent over by tho
Wilson administration to peddle the
piffle nnd hypocrisy of American capi-
tnliam to the struggling Russinn revolutionists, "tho stench of your domocracy is still in my nostrils." And revolutionists evorywhoro will hopo thut
tho supine und spineless slaves of that
land of demoerntio tar and feathers,
may be allowed to keep thnt "stench"
nil to themselves and that none shnll in-
vndo their privilege to sniff it to thoir
heart's content und tho supremo sntis-
fuction of their vulgar and woll-trnined
_ Work hard. Flavollo needs the
_ Why not send some of the chocolate colonela and militnry officials to
Franco to tnko the places of tho men
in Canada on furlough?
■5 Tho executive committee of tho
profiteers at Ottnwa ia still doing business in the same old wuy, with varying
degrees of hypocrisy.
<J What has become of tho follow
who was fond of boasting: "I do ns
I plense?" Whero are tho "personal
liberty'' aquakera who uaed to protest against unions?
f_ Tho B. C. company towns, sinve
plantations, arc atill closed to union
men, after two aeasions of a government thnt promised* they would bo
fl The cry for more fighting men continues unabated, But not n word, us
yet, about tho conscription of essential
industries. Not a word. Tho silence is
fl With the increasing number of returned soldiers the grim realities of
war have begun to dawn upon thoso ut
homo, wrestling with the democracy
the boys wore fighting for.
fl Tho Federationist nominates Duncan McCallum, president of the B. C.
Federation of Labor, us successor to
Vice-President  Rigg,  resigned,  of tho
Not necessarily high in prico ib a Birks' Diomond
Pendant. The present most favored Btylcs—light and
dainty—portait ot beautiful pieces at very moderate cost.
For example:—
Platinum   Pendant,   with   singlo   diamond   in   centre,
surmounted    by   throe    pearls.     A    simplo,    pleasing
a!JS,8n  $35.00
Yout Interest ln Diamond Displays Is Welcomed
"The Hume et Fine Diamond*:"
Oeo. E. Trorey, Man. Dir.
Granville and Georgia Sts.
Don't stow away your sparo cash in
any old cornor whoro it la In danger
-from burglarB or firo.
Tho Merchants Bank of Canadft of-
tars you porfoct safety for your
money, and will givo you full banking
service, whether your aeeonnt is large
or small.
Intorest allowed   on savings   deposits.
0. N. STAOEY, Manager
Oranvillo and Pender
W. O. JOTT Manager
Hastlngi and Oarrall
Orowni, Bridges ud Filling!
made the same shade as yoa own
natural teeth.
, Dr. Gordon
Open evenings  7:80 to   8:80.
Dental nurse In attendance.
Over Owl Drag Store
Pbone Sey. 6238
has opened offices iu the Flack
Block, corner of Hastings and Cam*
bio streets.   Phone Seymour 7810.
Trndes und Lubor Congress of Can-
I] Inasmuch as the Unionist government has absolutely ignored orgnnized
lubor ever since the wur began need
one he surprised if thc membership decided some of these dnys to reciprocate?
<3 If tho Great War Veterans plnco
the right sort of a enndidato in tho Victoria by-election tho F.' L, P. should
stay out nnd holp the returned soldiors
to secure a representative in thc
<\J Hawthornthwaite should, next
session, tako his seat in the centre of
tho House, to avoid, if possiblo, boing mixed up with either party. It
would, too, force thc hands of tho so-
callod "independents."
1_ Hawthornthwaite snid yesterday in
the Houso at Victoria that ho could
seo no difference between the Liberal
and Conservative governments. "Jim"
usually springs something less patent
to practically every elector in  B. C.
<f The iniquitous poll tux, collected
by tho Libernl government, will be
moro than eaten up by tho Andy
Blyghs and other pie-counter nrtistH,
as milaried collectors, long before the
year is out. Perhaps, after all, that
wus whnt it was intended for.
Ifl If the executive council of tho
Tracks and Lubor Congress of Cnnnda
is ns dead as it apenrs to be at this dis-
lance, isn't it nbo.it time some one
volunteered to perform the fmiernl sorvico? Lfnliko the A, F. of L., tho congress hnsn't even mnde n mistake.
fl Wriggle us one will, it must be nd-
mitod thnt since the days of prohibition wage-wo liters seem to be expending Iheir surplus energy in going after
better living conditions. llore attention has been given to the orgunized
lnbor movemont by tlie workers than
ever beforo.
(f The hired flunkies of the profiteers
at Ottawa nro losing no opportunity
to make tlie most of the wnr "crisis."
A frnntic effort is being mude to nt
once restore all the reactionary legislation organized labor has succeeded
iu bnttering down during the past
twenty-five years.
fl If things are not going right iu
your union why not shut up for nbout
two minutes and take n hand in the
conduct of the meetings yourself. A
little more talking on the inside and a
little moro work ou the outside would
help somo. The unions are what the
membership mnke them.
fl Now if thc patriotic profiteers in
Cnnndn could only find some wny of
exploiting the babies tho list would bo
complete. Thoy hnve renched tho
school kiddies, the wives and daughters of the soldiors and all tho adult
working class. Only tho kiddies and
thc parsons have so far escaped.
Bank of Toronto
Assets  $84,000,000
Deposits  68,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Savings Account may be
oponed at The Bank of Toronto
In the names of two or more
persons. In these accounts either
party may sign cheques or deposit
money. For the different members of
a family or a firm a joint aeeonnt la
often a great convenience. Interest ll
paid on balances.
Vancouver Branch:
Oorner Hutlngi and Gamble Streeta
Branched at:
Victoria,  Merritt,   New  Westminster
The Bank of British North America
Established ln 1836
Branches    throughout    Canada    and    at
New  York,   San   Francisco  and  Dawson
Savings Department
J. Bdward Seara     Offlce: Sey. 4141
Btirilleri, Solicitor,, Conejraiceri, Elc.
Vlctorit ud Vancouver
Vane-raver Offlce: 516*7 Roger, Bldg.
B'llcShtbTicVhlHk" HtnmGan, *»tim_i
- 'HeSiiil.il. aid lb. Funti." .S'tmrmgii T    I    WS
- Hv!Sio|I.TnM*l[heliMii«iiir.u."/{1ijfcu   I     B    11
= All Uitcx k^Uet. >*,d th. Fd.Sc, lb p.p.7   *    "   AS
:»'lh lb. Sail. Til <aal •(.«... 10 »«,. 2Sc =
: THE PUUUC, 122 Ext 37|H Stnet, Ntw Y«l S
Erery Union in B. C. •£___*
FAT FOB IT MONTHLY, quarterly or
yearly, >■ belt eulu the wlihei ol tile
membenhlp. Submit ■ motion at neit
meeting—and advlae lbe Federation!,!
of tbe reeult.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Twenty dozen Men's Union-mndo Overalls hnvo been placod
in onc lot, nnil will be sold while JJ1   i_ft
they Inst, nt J) 1 ,»CO
Thoy nr0 in two colors—blue stripe wovon through goods nnd
blnck.   Don't miss this chanco to buy overalls.
Oood, Serviceable Union-made Working SMrts, in lnrgo
vuriety.   Prices $1.60, $2.00, $2.25, $2.50 end $3.00
WORKING OLOVES—Short mitts 60c to $8.50
OAUNTLETS 50c to $3.00
J. N.Harvey, Ltd.
126-127 Hastings Street Weit
Alao 614-616 Yates Street, Victoria, B. 0.
Look for the Big Red Arrow Sign: FBIDAT. '. April 19, 1918
64 Hastings West
Comedy Acrobats and Bicycle Jugglers
Singers and Eccentric
Wonderful Ohild
PHILLIPSON It MAE—The "New Billy Someday."
VIVIAN MARTIN in "The Trouble   Buster"   nnd   a   Sure   Firo
Comedy—2 reels.
Week of April 22nd
The Delightful Love Classic
Greater   than  the   "Cinderella
Don't Miss ThiB Oreat Play.
Prices:    16c, 30c, 40c.
Main and Broadway
Balanco of This Week
Mary Pickford
*     *     *
Monday Tue»day Wedneiday
Douglas Fairbanks
Coming Thursday
Week of April 22nd
Not long ago thin country wbb startled by
tlie statement of Mr, Schwab that aftor the
war the world would bo ruled by tho producers, that is, workers. He la not tho only
one umong thu world's mighty capitalists
who see the approaching dissolution of capitalism and the triumph of Socialism, Herr
Waltlter Kathunau of Berlin, a man who
Is about as big as two Schwabs and a Vanderbllt would bo here, has also beon seeing
things. Tho New York Times prints an
extract from a book which he has just writ-
ton untitled, "The New Domestic Economy."
Horo Is how Herr Kathonau viows the
presont  world crisis:
"What Is this evcut, the waves of which
ure breaking around us i We call it war because It has tho form of international war,
becauso tho convulsed nations are openly and
apparently snuggling in earth, water, air
aud Uro. Coining generations will recognlie
it. What we are experiencing is the revolution of the world, the volcanic upheaval of
tho mighty, burning lower strata of the
abode  of mankind.
"Made deaf and mad by their inner ton-
tion. intoxicated by tho laBt and highest
distillations of the old order of things,
trembling with nationalism, nations must hurl
themselves upon nations, in the splendor and
discipline of their state and military orders,
completely equipped by their industries and
their sciences, with the fury and the grief
of their souls and hearts.
"They believe they are fighting for ruler-
ship and existence, and they are fighting a
battle the origin of whioh nobody understands and the objects of which have subsequently to be sought with monthly statements of corrections. In reality, however,
the old economic order is burning down and
tho time Is drawing near when the old foundation of the sooial order will catch flre.—
New Times.
W. H. Hoop Western Organizer for Association
Visits the City
Prices: Evenings, IS Bows nnd
Boies, 80c! Matinees, choice of Seats
30c, BoxeB 56c.
Other Big Features
S.T Wallace's
"You Benefit"
Sey. 781 and 1266
Have a whoatleaB meal each
aay_utie something elao instead o£ Bread.
—"Canada Food Board."
Cowan's Cocoa, Mb. tins 40c
Half lb.  tins  21c
Rogers' Golden Syrup, 4'b 44c
Victoria Cross Tea, 3-lbs $1.15
Malkin's Baking Powder, tin 20c
Coffee—"Bnrringtou Hall"—
Soluble—Active service pkg.
P*r tin  60c
2-in-l'Shoe Polish 2 for 16c
Prunes, special, por lb 10c
Cheese, best Ontario, per lb 30c
Peanut Butter, per lb 26c
Bring your carrier.
Pall line of Fresh  and Cured
Meats and Salt and Smoked Fish.
Allied Printing Tradea Counoll—R. H. Neelands, Box, 66, Vancouver, B. O.
Bakers, No. 179—J. Blaok, Kaslo street,
Vancouver, B. O.
Barbers—S. H. Grant, 820 Cambie street,
Vancouvor, B, G.
Bartenders—W. Mottishaw, Box 424, Vancouvor, B. C.
Blacksmiths—Malcolm Porter, 4211 Oxford
street, Vancouver, B. 0.
BoilormakorB—A. Fraser, 1161 Howe street.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1886 Thirty-
fourth avenue east, Vancouver, B. 0.
Boot and Shoe Workers—Tom Cory, 446
Vernon drive.
Brewery Workers—A. E, Ashcroft, Suite 1,
1738 Fourth avenue west.
Bricklayers—William S. Dagnall, Labor
Temple, Vancouver, B. C.
Brotherhood ot Carpenters District Conncil—
J. G. Smith, Room 208, Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B. C.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers—L. T.
Solloway, 1157 Harwood street, Vancouver, B. C.    Seymour 1848R.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and
Enginemen—H. G Savage, 1285 Hornby
Brotherhood Railroad Employees—C. Bird,
2030 Union Btreet.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen—
Brothorhood of Maintenanco-of-Way Employees—E. Corado, 286 Clark drive.
Butchers and Moat Cuttors—Thos. Andorson,
431 Seventh avenue oast, Fair. KJ74R.
Cigarmakers—R. Craig, care Van Loo Cigar
Factory, Georgia street.
City Firemen—G. J. Richardson, No. 6 Firo-
Civic Employoes—G. Harrison, 1885 Woodland  drive.
Civio Employees, North Vancouvor—G. T.
Jenkin, 1611 Sixth Btreet wost, North Vancouver.
Cooks, Walters, Waitresses—W. McKenzie,
Room 200, Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 437 Gore avenuo.
Eloctrical Workers—E. H. Morrison, Room
207, Lahor Tomple.
Freight Handlers—H. 8. Duncan, 1368 Eleventh avenuo east.
Garment Workers—Ada Hawksworth, 3516
Fleming street.
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia
Home Workers' League—Mrs. C. M. Kin,
159 Hnstings street east.
Lathers—A. P. Surges,  16 Hastings east.
Letter Carriors—Robt. Wight, 177 Seventeenth avenue wost.
Longshoremen—F. Chapman, 804 Pender
street weBt.
Longshoremen's Auxiliary, No. 38-52—E.
Winch, 1218 Howe streot.
Machinists—J. Brooks, Room 211. Labor
Machinists, No. 720 (Garagemcn)—H. H.
Trail, 746  Gilford stroot.
Machinists, No. 777—W. Street, 798 Sixteenth avenue cast.
Marine Firemen and Oilers—D. Haley, 83
Hastings street east, Sey. 3698.
Mill und Factory Workers, No. 1958—V.
Brownsword, Lahor Templo.
Molders—A. H. Donaldson, Labor Temple.
Moving Picturo Operators—A. 0. HanBen,
P. 0. Box 345.
Musicians—E. J. Jamleson, Room 805, Labor
Oil Refinery Workors—loco, B. 0.
Order of Rullroad Conductors—G. Hatch,
761 Beatty Btreet.
Painters—D. Lemon, Room 308, Labor
Pattern Makors (Vancouver)—E. Westmoreland, 3247 Point Grey road.
Pilo Drlvors and Wooden Bridgemen—W.
Ironsides,    Room 206%, Labor Temple,
Plasterers—Geo. Bush, 2276 Fourteenth avonue west.   Phone Bay. 2215L.
Plumbers—J. Cowling, Room 206 4, Labor
Templo,    Phone Soy. 8611.
Proas Assistants—Thos. Graydon, 6727 Cul-
ledon street,  South Vanoouver.
Pressmen—E. B. Stephenson, P. 0. Box 894.
Railway Mall Clerks, Vancouver Branch-
Charles Felix, R. M. S. offico, P. 0. Bldg.,
Vancouver, B. 0.
Rotall Clerks' Association—A. P. Glen, 1078
Melvillo street.
Seaman's Union—W. Hardy, P.O. Box 1365.
Shoot Motal Workers—Geo. Bowerlng, Vancouver Heights P, 0.
Shipbuilders' Laborers—W. Hardy, Room
217,   Labor Temple.
Shipwrights and Caulkers—J. Bromiield,
Room 212, Labor Temple.
Stationary Flremon (Gas Workors)—T. M.
Martin,   1240 Robson street.   Soy. 6208Y.
Steam and Operating EnglnoerB—W. A.
Alexander,   Rom 216.
Steam Shovel and Dredgemen—Chaa, Feree,
95 Powell street.
Stereotypes—W. Bayley, elo Dally Province.
Stonecutters—Alex.  Dnlf,   Box   1047.
Street Railway Employoes—Frod. A. Hoover,
corner Main and Prior atreetB, Phono
exchange Sey. 5000; residence, Fair. 641R.
Structural Iron Workers—Roy Massecar,
Room 208, Labor Temple.
TailorB—W. W. Hocken, P.O. Box 503.
Teamsters and Chauffeurs, No, 655—B.
Showier,   1076 Robson street.
Telegraphers—W. D. Brine,  P.O. Box 432.
Theatrical Foderation—Room 304-805, Labor
Theatrical Stngo Employees—G. Martin, 867
Prior street.
Tllelayers and Helpers—A. Jamleson, 540
Twenty-third avenue east.
TradoB and Labor Council—Victor R. Midgley,  Room 210, Labor Temple.
Typographical Union—H. Neelands, Box 66.
Warehousemen's Association—B. Showier,
Labor Tomple.
Active Campaign Begun for
a 1000 Membership
Mr. W. H. Hoop, Western Canada organizer £or tho Betail Clorks Protective association, ono of tho most wido*
ly known trade unionists in Canada, is
an offlcinl visitor in Vancouver. Ho
lost no timo aftor arrival in mooting
offlcors of tho labor movement, including thoso of the Retail Clorks. On
Wednesday Organizer Hoop reeoivod a
tologram asking him to meet International Secrotary Conway in Seattle last
night and ho left tho samo ovening. He
will return horo tomorrow to tako up
the work of placing tho affairs of locals
along the Canadian Pneific coast in
good shape.
Mr. Hoop is vory much interested in
the restoration of Vancouver's Labor
Tomplo to tho rank and file and says
that ho is prepared to givo the directors of tho company any assistance ho
can whilo in tho city, if they but give
tho word. He has spent the past threo
months in organization work in Alborta, and oxpeots to bo on tho coast
for some weeks at least.
Mass Meeting Next Week.
Arrangements are being made to hold
a big mass-meeting some day next
week, the date to be set later, as the
preliminary to the inauguration of a
campaign for 1000 membera for the Retail ClerkB.
Betail Clerks Meeting.
The Betail Clorks met in tho Eagle
hall Tuesday night. Tho meeting at
times became a little breezy. Ther*
were some 120 prosent, and, judging
from tho interest takon in the main
question under discussion, the Clerks
aro developing a very progressive organization.
Tho Rotary Club sont a delegation to
put forward tho aims of the Free Tubercular Clinic. W. OlBen and Mrs.
Kemp addressed the meeting, calling for volunteers to assiBt in tho cam*
paign for raising the necessary funds.
It was decided that tho entire organization place its services at tho disposal
of  tho  club  for canvassing purposes.
The half-holiday question came in for
somo  warm  debate.    It  would  seem |
Tolerant   and   Forbearing
Attitude Must Be
President of Local Union No. 218, I. B. E.
W.,  who wbb  elected us nn  executive offi-
cor of the Vancouver branch of the F. L.
P. on Monday night.
Workers Rights Oan Only Be of Value
When the Powers of Oovernment
Is in Their Hands
Tha United States senate, by a vote of 34
to 25 refused to approve of Labor's right to
strike In war times. The Hcnate rejected the
conference roport on the bill penalizing the
destruction of war material nnd interference
with productions. The report was rejected
because the conferees wrote in a new clause
specifically providing that in nono of the
actB will the penalties apply to workers striking to get higher pay or better working conditions,
Hence again tho ruling class drives
homo tho fact that tho working class
have no rights except those that they
have the power to enforce. A thousand
or more rights are on the statute books,
but nine of them are perni'ttcd to bo
exerclad by the workers except on certain conditions. And now the ruling
cluas is getting bold enough to even abrogate those so-called rights which tho
workers are, from time to time, trying
to exercise. These rights will continue
to be withdrawn, or prove valueless,
until such time as tho workerB get to
seo that the powers of government
must be in the hands of the workers,
before rights of any kind are of any
Armored Oar to Scatter tho Strikers—Police
Fire on People.
National guard troops woro used to break
tho general atrlke called at Kansas City, Mo.,
by the laundry workers, resulting ln the
paralyzing  of   all   industries and   the   com*
Ipleto tieup of street car service.
Riots, which threatened to grow to larger
proportions oa more and moro strikers went
        ■ ■-     .. *.    --i-  out, grew atreah whon street car aervice waa
SIT. 7«i
i« p.m.—aar. 7awn
Union Clerks in These Stores
Wm. Dicks, Ltd., Hustings stroot.
Dicks, Ltd., Hasting,, streot.
Clamnn, Ltd., 153 Hnstings street.
Potts & Small, Oranvillo stroot.
Nicksons, Granvillo stroot.
,T. Flott 4 Co., hardware,  Hastings
J. Barlow, elgar storo, Cordova streot.
Attond tho neit   mooting   of   your
union.   Don't lot Goorgo do all of it.
thom, desiro to trade the mid-week
half-holiday for a summer half-holiday
nnd an early.closing for tho yonr round,
having specfaj reference to Saturday
night. Somo thought that tho merchants might bo able to flx things, if
tho change waa agreed to by the clorks.
Tho general feeling was that the
clorks had better hold on to what thoy
had got.
Organizer Hoop Present.
Tho Clorks organizor, W. H. Hoop,
nddrossed the mooting for soino little
limo, and partially roviewod tho holiday situation as recently devolopod in
Cnlgary. .»*•*.
Ho said that with tho advent of tho
Wednesday half-holiday in Cnlgary tho
merchants began to organize. The Dominion organizor of tho Botail Merchants was brought in, nnd in a very
fow weokB tho merchants were organized up to tho hilt. Thc organizer said
the one thing tho merchants wero (lead
sot against was a Wednesday half-holiday. Thoy woro willing to trndo anything to break that civic bylaw. On
ono occasion tho Hudson's Bay company suggested a 48-hour week. The
merchnnts conducted an expensive publicity campaign and so did tho clorks.
Tho light against thc bylaw was largely
conducted by tho Bay. Straw votos
wore taken by the management to got
publicity material, but all to no purposo. The last day before tho groat
drivo the Bay clerks subscribed $122.80
to pay for full-page ads in tho dailies.
It was a great light. The clerks won
out by a 1,700 majority in the plebiscite, ii two-to-ono vote. Tho merchants,
through E. B. Bennett, nppenlcd tho
bylaw, but the appeal court said tho
people knew what they wuntod, and
got it. Tho Factory Act also had the
storos ond clerks included. At first
those wero loft out, but the Alborta
Federation of Labor journeyed to td*
monton, nnd hnd tho clerks and stores
put in, and though tho IncrchnntB tried
many devices to amend the Factories
Act, ovon to having tlio stores taken
out, tho premier said "No; thc Labor
mon asked for it, and it most remain
ns it is." Tho result is that no clerk
in Alborta can work more than nine
hours in nny ono duy, oven on Saturday. To work lato Saturdy night tho
clorks must begin mid-day Snturdny.
This might appour a bit hard on some
of tho merchants, but wc nr-o living in
days of rapid change, and in ono year
it is very quoBtionable if tho merchants would go bock to tho old order
of things. Thc saving in time to tho
clerks in Cnlgary amounts to 450 hours
per year. This is readily acknowledged
to bo the gift of tho organized lnbor
Tho clerks of Cnlgnry havo found out
thnt what really countB is ii membership orgnnization. Organized numbers
count; any othor iB u mob, irresponsible and valueless.
It wns deoidod thnt tho clerks' executive nsk tho assistance of tho executive of thc Trades ond Lnbor Council
in reviewing tho whole question, nnd
also with n viow of storting a campaign
for a 1,000 membership organization.
Organizer Hoop's lost words during
hiB remarks were: "You.don't nood a
thousand windy resolutions if you have
n thousand momborship. You insure
your life, your proporty, your furniture, you ovon buy a licence for your
dng. Whnt cxcilBO cnn a man or womnn
have for not insuring thoir job. The
merchnnts themselves will benefit by n
Btrong clerks' organizntion."
Seven now mchiborfl signed up and
threo union storo enrds applied for. It
looks afl if Vancouver clorks wore on
the'map for keeps.
Organizer Robson cf the Cnnndian
Brothorhood of Railway Employoes hns
organizod tho dining car department
botwoon horo nnd Calgary and reports
that Eastorn organizers aro working
ulong the same linos.
attempted. Troops guarded the cars Instead of the police.
Numeroue arrests and sanguinary street
battles mark the great strike. In ono placo,
where a great crowd had collected to Impede tho passage of a car, a squad of 20
guardsmen, reinforced by an armored motor
car, rushed Into the crowd, scattering it ln
all directions. Tho polio* also fired on tho
people, but casualties wore not ascertained
in the general confusion.
Motion picture theatres closed wh'ii thc
operators walked out, whil? the larger theatres wore left without their stage hands
whon members of the Stage Employees union
wore called out.
Lynchers Face Fen in Effort of Authorities
to Fut Stop to Mad Acta
Reaction against tho outrageous tactics of
an infuriated.mob in this city has led to, the
officers of tho law taking legal prucoduro
against those participating in tho lynching
of Robert P. Prager, of this city. The coroner's jury Indicted Joseph Kiegel, Wesley
Beaver, Dick Dukes, Jr., Enid Elmore and
William Brookmoior, and tho men were taken
to the county jail at EdwnrdBville, whero
thoy will ho confined until the date of their
trial. This action of ths authorities haB
caused tho citizens to feel n Htttlo more securo as to their safely nnd it is hoped that
this action of the government will stop nny
further lynching plans.
Reports Indicate That the
F. L. P. Is Going to
Make Good
[By H. W. WattB]
From Nova Scotia to British Columbia tho workors arc getting together
under tho banner of the Labor party.
It seems to have filled a long folt want,
and now that it has beon launched, the
workers aro rallying to its banner in
fairly good numbers. It is essentially
a working class movoment, although it
iB open to all. With tho increasing
power of the party, old-time political
politicians may flock to Ub meetings in
ordor to get at tho political pie-counter,
but as was pointed out at the recent
Ontario eonvention, reported in this issue, we can uso these politicians, but
must take good care that they do not
use us, It is most desirable and in fact
necessary to keep them away from tho
pie-counter. It   is political power
that the workers must obtain and it
must be boni-fldo workers who act as
our representatives.
Every.piece of news, every governmental move and evory act of those
who rulo and rob, points to the fact
that slowly but surely the workers are
awakening to their true position in human society. Sometimes the more radical of us think that tho workers will
never get wise to the shams and hypocrisies of the capitalist system. But
after careful analysis we can but come
to the conclusion, that economic forces
are mukiug for the revolution faster
today than ever before in history. Liko
a Blow burning ember that bursts suddenly into flame, the workers of all
countries will rise up in their might
and take into their own hands tho destiny of mankind. The old parties will
use ovory means to obstruct cur path
but wo are many and they
are few. The workers will not
remain in bondage forever and once
we arc able, through propaganda meetings and our own press, to point out
to those who toil, the absolute necessity of getting the powers of government
into tho hands of the workers, all the
efforts of tho master class will not prevent the workers from obtaining that
control and with it the release from human slavery.
The B. C. Pe.derated Labor Party is
making splendid headway. And why
should'nt it. Theae aro the times that
try tho souls of thoso who have the
vision of a world set free. Forco,
cruelty and chaos reign. No one that
ever raised a voice for human liberty
or human need is safe. It is time to
call for a plea of tolerennce among radicals. It is timo to take a broader
view of things and a more forebonring
attitude towards those who havo a common interest in the fundamentals of
democracy and it is timo to draw to
gether all workers, whatever thoir divergent viows may be, into ono big
and grand organization. That is tho
aim of tho Federated Labor Party and
wc are going to make good as reports
Conscription of Mon to Fill Army and Navy
of Eastern Province of Canada
Unmarried men between 20 nnd '.15 years
..jro forbidden to leave the colony hy nn
order-in-council pnssed by the Newfoundland
government. Tho ordsr wns preliminary to
tho military sorvico law, which it is expected
legislature will ennct ot a special session
called for April 28. .Need of raising men to
All the Newfoundland naval and military
forcos was given by the cabinot as the reason
for calling the legislature Into session, nnd
conscription litis heen proposed ns necessnry
for the conservation of man power in vital
Former   Vancouverites   Were  Amongst   This
Week's Visitors at The Federationist Offlce.
Two widely known and popular newspaper-
men—hnrd   lo   boat—dllUOU  Into  The   Fed-
rationisl office this  week.    Jas,  W. drier,
formerly    of    tho    New    Denver    Ledge,    on
this occasion enme direct  from Alberta,  and
intends to remain on the coast this summer,
If  not  the  r*st of  hi*   life.     "Jim"   is  no
chechaco lo these diggings, having heen connected with the press of early Vancouver.
The other loiirJHt that called In Wm. MacAdams. who halls from the Bablno district
In northern 11. C, from whence he emerges
as a mine magnate. Well, what. "Billy
doesn't know afoul oro—you'll travel a long
way to meet anyone that knows even as
much. "Urer." MacAdams was trained in
his youth in the mining gamo ns they play
it in ll. <*. nnd is rem?inbered hy old-time
Slocanites, hnving heen editor and owner of
the famous Slocan Paystreak. Later he was
connected with the press of this city and
Ntill Inter editor of the Edmonton Daily
While sojourning hire Messrs. Drier and
MacAdams are renewing old and making
new acquaintances. They seem to he happy,
nftor a hard winter, and should thrive on
new pasture.
Excellent Flays to Be Presented at the Empress Within the Next Few Weeks
The Empress management have secured so
many wonderful plays that It Is hard to flgure
which o-n to play next; but as they have
all made a tremendous hit, either in London
or New York, the Vancouver public can he
assured thai each and every one of tlieiu will
he a real'theatrical treat   Among tip latest
plays received are, "A Pair of Silk Stockings," "Keep You Kyo on Hobby," "The
Winning of Barbara Worth," "Cheating
Chenters," and "Rich Man, Poor Man."
Ynu ran't afford to miss ono of then I plays
Order your seats In advance.
TradeB and Lahor Council.
(April 21.  1803.)
Joseph Daw ton, vice T. Hewlett, Steam |
Shlpmen's association, seated ns delegate.
City Clerk T. P. McCuigan wrote that the I
False Creek piggery nuisance had been |
Secretary Button of Victoria Trndes and |
Labor Council wrote favoring the resuscitation of Provincial Trades Congress,
Special committeo reported that Captain I
Rogers of steamer City of Nanaimo was will-
"ng to employ union men.
Market Clerk Thomas explained tho state |
nf affairs exisling at the civic market thnt J
led   in  his   resignation.
eo.   Hartley   resigned   as  member  of
ganualion commit! io,
Rates of wagea and hours of labor
as far aa tho civic todmstors are aon-
corned wns sottlod at a conference bo-
tween a committee representing Civic
ToamstcrH union, Local 22K, nnd A, J,
Sumin, A. Graven and 0. H.'Oowdry, al
the city hall, Calgary, It was agreed
to work eight hours a day in BUmmor
and nine in winter. The Saturday lmlf
holiday wbb cut out, but the men are
to get two weeks holidays with pay instead.
, Send a postal
Your name and address
It will bring you
Prospectus and application forms.
And literature.
(Non-personal liability)
The Copper camp on
Vancouver Island that
will make the whole
world wonder.
A legitimate investment proposition equalled by few—surpassed
by none.
Fiscal Agent
East Sooke Mines
443 Hastings Street W.
Vancouver, B. C.
1210 Government Street
Victoria, B. C.
Are the Citizens
Is yacclne inoculation one of the causes of consumption?
Axe the millionaire manufacturers indirectly forcing their
poisonous drugs upon the public the world over to make Invalids of the race?
Are the physicians the innocent mediums through which
these gigantic organisations flourish? These are questions
for the public to decide.
In my next article I will endeavor to show that there is
a larger standing army living indirectly off the misfortunes
of the invalid than is today fighting the battles in Flanders.
Liko many other favorite fads and fancies of tho doctors, inoculation
bad its origin in Eastorn superstitutlon, and was introduced Into Europe
from Turkey in the year 1721 ■■ a means of checking the spread of
Unprejudiced observers found tbat tho arm to arm inoculation, so far
from preventing the disease, tended to assist In Its dissemination; but tbe
medical profession having accepted tbe practice, and bestow-h! thereon Its
blessing, declared, in a formal resolution passed by the Royal College of
Physicians (London) in 1764, that all arguments against it had been refuted  by  experience.
Tbe college went on record as being satisfied tbat inoculation was "highly salutary to the human race," yet 96 yeara after this touching expression of medical sentiment, the practice was condemned by act of parliament as a penal offence, becauso of the terrible extent to which epidemics of smallpox had been spread, and the violence of the disease
increased, by inoculation,
Ab bearing out this contention that smallpox gained in virulence through
inoculation, I quote Dr. Sydenham, sometimes called tbo father of English
medicine, who, writing in tbe latter half of the seventeenth century, said:
"H is clear to me tbat if no mischief be done by physician or nurse,
it is tbe most light and safe of all diseases."
Neither doctors or laymen would aay the same thing today.
When smallpox epidemics had become so appalling tbat inoculation waa
made a criminal offence, advocates of vaccination endeavored, by constantly
calling attention to tho horrors of tbe complaint, to aeare the publlo Into
submitting to vaccination.
The atory of tho discovery ot the benefits of vaccination by Dr, Jenner,
aa told by himself in 1708, makea Interesting reading. He Bays tbat he
noticed that farm hands wbo were obliged to attend to horses who were
suffering from the disease known aa greasy hoof, sometimes assisted In the
milking of cows, without ensuring that their handa were free from infectious matter. When thia happened, the cows frequently became affected *
with puBtnlea which appeared upon their udders, and theae pustules In
turn infected the maids who milked them. The disease whloh had passed
from the horse to the cow and from the cow to the milker was known aa
cowpox. Dr. Jenner farther noticed that milkers who had already Buffered
from smallpox seldom contracted cowpoi, and being a doctor, he Immediately
deduced that if human beings were vaccinated with the cowpox, they would
never contract smallpox.
The original procedure of the Jennerltes was to vaccinate a human being
with cowpox, and when the poison bad "taken," to extract the resultant
pus, using it to vaccinate other victims. It Ib somewhat difficult to see
the difference between this and tho old arm to arm inoculation; but apparently everyone was satisfied that there was a difference.
It waa found that not only did vaccination not prevent tbe contagion
of smallpox, but it helped to spread other disease and In IS89, an Engliah
Boyal Commission found that it waa a possible means of conveying syphilis.
This fact never deterred the doctors from urging it upon tbeir patients, and
tho public generally. The only alteration they have made in the original
process, is that they now obtain their pus from infected calves and monkeys.    Thia they eay renders the lymph more "pure."
If the suppuration of the sores of one animal is impure it is difficult to
Imagine bow it can be purified by passing through tbe bodies of one or
two others. With regard to this question of purity, the American Doctor,
M. A. Wesner, saya: "Vaccine pus la poison—the purer tbo more fatal and
certain." While the manufacturers of the vaccines paste the following
notice upon the packages ot lymph which they aend out:
"Note—In the manufacture ot our biological products every pouible
precaution in their preparation and subsequent testing is taken. We can u-
Bume no responsibility tor untoward effecta following tour use."
I give a few instances ot the benefits arising from the use of "pure"
putrefaction or vaccine lymph.
In 1901, the university doctor of Lincoln, Nebraska, vaccinated a Mrs.
Milo Pool, a well known resident. Bone tuberculosis followed, and after two
yeara of Buffering her left foot waa amputated.
In the same city last year, a Miss Virginia Thompson, who was employed
at a large department storo, was compelled hy her employers to submit to
vaccination as an alternative to losing hor job. Sho was 19 yearn of age,
and in vigorous health. A bad Brra, sores on various parts of the body,
tonsilitls, enlarged glands, abscess, ulcerated mouth nnd stomach, anemia,
and death followed in the next six months.
Mr. 0. S. Proctor, of Lincoln, was ordered to bo vaccinated by the Pro-
mont Normal School some years ago. Throe weeks after, his arm turned
black, and a severe caso of blood-poisoning followed, during wblch ho was
sevoral times given up to die. Nine weeks in bed, II IToctors, 11 operations.
and doctors' bills amountfng to 9700 were the results of the salutary performance   of   vaccination.
On the 20th of November, last, tho Elwood (Indiana) Call-Lender reported tho caso of it seven-year-old boy, who died from an attack of
tetanus   (lockjaw), threo  weeks after being vaccinated.
Doth vaccination and inoculation are now compulsory in tho British nnd
American armies, nnd In the U. S. A. at least, there have been numerous
roports of death from lockjaw. TheBe havo bion attributed to the work
of German spies who are said to havo tampered with vaccines. This Is
tho  way  in  whicli  tho medical  profession saves  its  face.
How do thoy account for tho thousands of deaths from tetanus and
other diseases which have followed vaccination In tho years before the
Gorman spy was heard ofl
As a matter uf fact, inoculation nnd vaccination hnvo never prevent-.1 the
inception of nny disease, except by killing the victim, and if this form of
prevention is considered desirable there or.* many ways of carrying it out
which are less  painful than  Ihe system of infecting tlie  blood with pus  of
The men who are lighting our battles for us in Europe have sufflclent
hardships and dangers to undergo without our allowing tbem to be beset
by enemies in their own camps, and if Ihe medical profession are not
sufficiently broad-minded to admit their own mistakes, the government
Bhould satisfy itself Hint tbo practises the doctors nre advocating are of
proven  value.
Although tbe American army in the Philippines was re-vaccinnted several
times, many eases of smallpox wero reported, and of these cases, 117 per
cent, ended fnlatly. Is not this sufflclent proof for nny snne person, thnt vac-
clnntlon  does not prevent  smallpox t
Sorum Inoculations are compulsory in all military camps today, nnd wbat
is tho result) Diseases of all kinds are rife. M ■ningitis nt Camp Kunston:
loalarin al Camps Logan and Pifco; typhoid at Camp Dlxj measles at ('amps
Wheeler, Shelly, S-jvlor and Howie, and pneumonia at Camp l'ike. Tills is
in contrast tn the regular army camps in peace times, when ovulation is
nol enforced, and the camps are remarkably free from disease of all kinds.
A. despatch sent out front Washington on December 7 last, says: Although conditions generally, In the National Army, and ths National Guard
CAmpM showed improvement during the week ending November 111), the number of deaths materially  increased.
Th • report of (lie division of field sanitation, made public today, showed
that there were DU deaths amung the guardsmen as compared with 97 the
previoui   week,   and  71)  nmong  the   draft   men  ns   against   flu1  the  previous
On-' hundred and thirty-four of the guardsmen, and thirty of the draft
men died of piiiiiumnia, and fifteen of the latter died  from meningitis.
Two divisions  reported Increases  in Ihe number of cases of measles.
And theti the doctors tell us that inoculation prevents death from Infectious   diseases.
If the same doctors suggested tbat pus, nnd the blond of diseased horses
should be mixed with the dnily rntions of our soldiers, they would themselves be denounced as enemy agents; yet the public raises no protest
when tbey deliberately proceed to poison  Ibe blood of onr finest men.
As to the theory tbnt where vncclnatinn decreas-s, smallpox increases,
WO may consult the report of the London County Council (Kngland). issued
in 1018, We lind that in tlie period 1841-60, when vaccination was compulsory and snnitntioti was n little und>rstood science, tin* average mortality
froin smallpox was 841 per 1000. During the next twenty years It hnd
risen to li (iti per 1000. From 1HH1 io Iftou snnitnry methods hnd hn>
pro\cd to such an extent tbnt. despite tlie vnccinntors, lbe death rnte hnd
dropped to 7;" per thousand, In 1004 th a Compulsory Vaccination Act was
repet-leil: hut by 1.'I" On- rate bad still further declined, and was now
35 per icon, In 1918 ns a result of the removal of compulsion, some 41
|i»r cent, of the populntion of London wns unvacclnntcd. and in 1«13 there
were no deaths from smallpox.
The populntion at that time numbered 4,618,191 in London County (not
Greater London) and the decline of the disease can bs traced entirely to
th" Improvements  in sanitation and living conditions.
If these figures fall to convince tho reader lhat th to is no connection
between vaccination and the prevention of smallpox, then he is indeed
lisrd  to  convince.
Ten or more members of any trades union in Canada may
have THE FEDERATIONIST mailed to their iidi-ndual
addresses at the rate of $1 per year. PAGE StX
..April 19, 1918* 'i
Smart, Lowly-Priced Outing Shirts
for Men—Selling Like Hot Cakes
We are offering an assortment and values that you can not
equal anywhere hereabouts.   If you are interested in getting
the most for your money when you buy Outing Shirts, you
must come to Spencer's.
AT $1.00—Uscfu), "iee nppenring Shirts, in whito pique and repp.
AT $1.25—Whito duck Shirts, fancy striped madras Shirts, in light tan,
grey, blue and mauve grounds.
AT $1.60—Neat striped Shirts on white grounds in splendid quality
cloths, including ginghamB, repps and twill9.
AT $2.00—A beautiful Shirt in plain and fancy lustres, in solid blue and
corn shade, also in stripe patterns on blue, grey and mnuvo grounds.
We eould not buy these Shirts today to sell for less than $3.00.
Come to Spencer's for Workshirts
We have the variety, we have the low prices, too, because practically our entire range of prices is based on the prices paid
for the garments when we bought them in most instances a
year or more ago.
THE ASSORTMENT AT $1.00—Includes heavy double warp ehambrays
in light bluo, dark blue, khaki and grey. *"
THE ASSORTMENT AT $1.26—Includes bluo nnd white and blnck and
whito drills, khaki drills, Peabody's fast bluo, grey denims, etc.
THE ASSORTMENT AT $1.60—Includes drills, jeans, double warp ehambrays of the heaviest and most durable quality, tailored to give complete satisfaction.
I Eay films tak» If naeai-
■uy;    10-year   ptaranteaa
Examinations   made   on
pbone appointments.
JAS.TH0MS0N&S0NS Iinited
Twin Bute Overalls and Shirts
Are Wear Proof and Tear Proof
JUMP into a pair of Twin Butes. You can try them on
at your dealers. They are comfortable, roomy,
strong and so well made as to outlast the average garment. There is a special style for every work and ench garment
is doable-stitched, tacked in the cornorB, the buttons nre rivotted
on nnd thc cloth und other materials are tho best procurable.
They ure Union Mnde.
How Is
—take care of your teeth
There'h a natural obligation on every person to tako care of the
body—every part of the human organism is subject to accident,
injury or decay.
There is a double1 obligation in attending to your teeth. Every
other part of the body can, to a certain degree, throw off ailments.
When your teeth arc attacked they have no power to overcome
the defects. Tou must givo them expert attention promptly or the
destructive work will spread rapidly.
1 See me about your teeth as soon as defocta appear.   After an
examination I can advise you.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
2 Hastings Street Weit, Cor. Seymour
Offlce Open Daily Until 6 p.m.
Our Spring Hat Has Arrived
We offer the latest Shapes and Shades in 1918
Black & White Hat Store
Do you turn out the full-flavored, appetizing, nutritious Loaves
you feel should result from your work on Baking Day?
"Royal Standard Flour"
—means DEPENDABLE BREAD. That is because it is milled
according to a fixed bnsis of QUALITY—a quality that ensures
the most satisfactory results for tho woman who uses it in her baking.
"Royal Standard" gives your bread a bettor color—a liner texture—a
flakier crumb—a crispcr, more appetizing crust.
I'or tho Housewife who believes in a moro rigid conservation of Hour
these*war-time days, the uso of
"Royal Standard Rye Flour"
in conjunction with "Boyal Standard Wheat Flour" moans n really
worth-while saving. Throe parts "Boyal Standard" to ono pnrt "Boyal
Stundnrd Eye Plojr," yields n loaf that is extremely rich and satisfying, and spells true economy in the home.
Both these populurs Flours aro made in Vancouver, by Vancouver workmen. There aro no
more consistently high-grade Floure in the markot todny.
Get theta at your favorito grocers. Look for
tho trade-mark, the "Circle V" on overy Bnck.
How a Labor Paper Should Be Bui
Editor li. C. Fedorationist: When the proposed amendment to the constitution of the
B. G. Federation ot Labor, dealing with the
said B. C. Federation of Labor 'iking over
the control of Tho Fedorationist, was submitted to a referendum, it struck me that
you would be put into tho position of being
dictated to, from time to time, as to how
you should run tho paper, it being generally
accepted by tho man in the streot that anyone can run a paper, either Labor or otherwise, and run it successfully. Of course,
there are a few stray editors about who havo
considerable doubts about this, but editors
aro of the Missourinn class anyway, and have
continually to bo shown.
\Mn_ present nt a recent meeting of Machinist*, Local No. ■—, whero considerable
criticism of your wny of running this papor
was indulged in, particularly as to your omission to givo a verbatim report of tho evidence submitted to ths recent commission on
the ten por cent, issue, it struck mo that as
your circulation increases, tho circle of criticism will net even widor and wider, and that
I should bo doing you a real service by making a few suggestions to you, it being accepted that u machinist knows better how to
run ii papor than a mere editor. But at thc
outset I wnnt to mention tlmt I shall resent
any refer?nce to such maxims as "A cobbler
should stick to his last," and also nny-aug-
g.-Ktions you may want to offer me on running a lathe or planer.
The prayer of tho old Scottish minister,
who used to pray, "God gao ub a guid conceit o1 mirst-Ils," is altogether superfluous, as
no machinist is in the habit of praying for
that which ho already possesses.
Ono suggestion that I have heard made is
that you should obtain a full copy of the
stenographer's notes of the ovidenco laid before the Murphy commission, nnd print them
in a special issue of your paper. I can better this by suggesting that theso notes should
bo handed to soino novelist (names to bo supplied by any local of machinists, aB all machinists are great at fiction), and these said
notes to be converted into a real livo serial,
as ull really good papers run a serial, and by
this means you could put in great thrills, not
to mention a small modicum of tho sob stuff.
Another Idea is rather too late, but if you
had been a machinist or a really great editor,
you would have thought of this before it wns
too late. Tet on socond thought it might
bo done if you could got tho consent of the
?principal actors. Why not havo tho proceed-
ngs of the commission dramatized (modesty
forbids me mentioning the likeliest dramatist), and havo a real thrilling movie picture
made and shown at the leading picture shows.
Think of the crowds nf organized labor
crowding to the doors of the high class picture shows (of courso it would only bo
shown at the high-class houses), nnd applauding "virtuo victorious," hissing the villains,
etc. By tho way, there would ho villains In
this piece, would there not!
Of course, you may come back nt me and
say that tho expenso of adopting either of
the nbove suggestions would be prohibitive,
but what is expense amongst friends! Did
organized labor ever let tho question of dollars and cents come between them and their
ideals? Take ths last, federal election, when
the workers ordered the B. C. Federation of
Labor to place candidates in the political
field. Do we worry about the money still
owing for this action I Not on your life. Wt
let Bro. A. S. Wells, the secretary-treasurer,
do the worrying, and he, poor fellow, suffers
from the disadvantage of not having been
trained in n really skilful profession like that
of tho machinists. To n machinist problems
of expense are 'but ns m?at and drink to
him. '
Probably if Bro. Wells would apply to
some local of machinists—but there, I will
set tho B. C. Federation of Labor nn n truo
courso after I hnve finished with The Federatlonist.
Other suggestions I have to offer would
be—but say, I think I will kaep them until
such time as I am running a pnper myself,
os thoy nre too valuable to be handed round
promiscuously. But nny time you nro in
doubt ns to the correct methods of running
Tho Federationist, why you drop mo n line,
and I will trot our locnl to call n meeting,
and bolieve me, w? will show you n thing or
Why Are tho Wage-earners Becoming More
and More Antagonistic to the Church1?
Editor B. C. Federationist: A fow days
ago un acquaintance asked mc the above
quostion, Thoro arc special reasons' why tho
more intelligent numbers of the working clus.
aro leaving the church. .Socialists nnd trado
unionists especially feel antagonistic lo the
conventional church and for good reasons.
They realize that the church represents,
not their interests, but rather the interests
of the exploiting class, nud slunds in harmony with capitalism. They see that the
directors and pillars of the church are either
capitalists or members of the middle clnss,
bankers, lawyers, doctors or merchants, Men
who believe in the prosent order of property
rights, and who directly or indirectly live off
rent, interest or profit, the boly trinity of
modern exploitation.
The church has been for fifteen hundred
years tho mistress of tho state, just as tho
state is the executivo of the ruling class." At
in-sent she has lost muoh of hor glory, and
_n materially ashamed of herself, as she
comes shambling on behind her swaggering
lord the state, a flag in one hand and the
collection plate in tho other, over willing to
give iu exchange for state support her moral
and divine endorsement of her' master's acts
and whether theso are the robbing of domestic subjects or wars of plunder on neighboring lands, the church always says "Anion."
Even yet organized religion is of considerable value to the economic masters of the
world, and the missionary is always the advance agent of the trader. But that power
waB oven greater by far in the past, because
of tho greater ignorance of the workers, and
the consequent increased opportunity for the
imposition of priestcraft.
Had Moses said: "I, Moses, declare thou
shalt not steal, commit adultery or even
covet thy neighbor's ox, nss or wife, only
physical power could have hacked the commands, but whon the common people believed
that God, spoke these commands and thunder
amid lightning from the "burning bush,"
and that they were realty written with thi
divine finger on slubs of stone, then property
rights hnd a tremendous psychological power behind H.
Buuck White, M. A., D. I)., in his famous
book, "The Call of tha Carpenter," says:
"Many radicals marvel that it is so difficult
to awaken the workers on questions in whicli
they nro so vitally concerned. The explanation in n great part is through the pulpit's
narcotizing influences. Kucli Lord's day sees
a shower of spiritual cocnine sprinkled on the
congregation, numbing the pniu of tho deep
laying social cancer of exploitation nnd by
slow degrees killing the nerves of feeling.
Thus docs spiritual slavery bread economic
Kven rhurcli music inculcated the slave
virtues. Well can I remember a generation
ago, singing in the day schools and Sunday
schools that old hymn still doing duty because of Us narcotizing power, nnd vnlue to
the exploiters of labor, "Work for the Night
Is Coming." A fitting compnnion to thii
labor song was even more popular among tin
slaves of the farm down east thirty years
ago: "On the Other Hide of Jordnn, In the
Sweet Fields of Kden, there Is rest for the
weary, there is rest for me." Yet there nre
peoplo who wonder nt the liberality of the
Itnckcfcllcrs and Morgans, when thoy contribute to foreign missions or support such spiritual narcotiiiers as Billy Sundny or Doctor
If the slave class is kept working on weekdays, and their eves kopt on the "Sweet
Fields of Eden" on Sundays, they mny ba.
robbed so thoroughly of nil that makes lifo
worth living end without knowing It, thut
death comes »s a happy relief nnd reward.
It is n fact that no master class could rule
and exploit their slaves with physical force
alone, and tlier-fore every form of economic
servitude in every Innd, and In every age,
lias supported n priesthood nnd a religious
and moral code in order that they might enslave the minds of their subjects.
What will be tho future of tha church? If
is safe to say thnt the church, as one of tlie
strongholds of cinss rule, must go down ns
soon as Its economic basts is destroyed by
the successful Icrminntioii of tlie clnss war.
In fact, it is (bad now, ns a religion, nnd is
simply waiting for Ihe undertaker. Tf it appears to live, il mbvoa through acquired momentum. It has no intellectnal, inornl or
spiritunl substance. What will happen to
religion after the socinl revolution cun be
foretold by whnt is today taking place fn the
Individual mind nnd in Ihe grent transformn-
tion of Russia. Tlie Bolsheviki wns "ex-
communiriited" by thc Holy Greek church,
but tho socinlist republic of Russia had previously repudiated the church. Wben Russian nutocrucy went down, ils Higious superstructure nnturnlly collapsed nlso. Revolutionists tlie world over, stand for Industrinl
democracy, economic freedom and an opportunity for men and women. After all, the
conflict between priestcrnft nnd socinl justice
Is no new thing, but ns old as slavery. The
conventional church wns n "den of thieves"
in tho time of Jesus, ns it is todny. Tho
priests nnd scribes, like the modern preach-
ors nnd editors, wero his chief -nornies, as
they are today the chief enemies of the
world revolution, the brotherhood of man.
' A few days ago, a holy assembly of preachers and politicians met in this city to supplicate their god of war to assist in defeating the Hun, and thus mnke their world safe
for democracy.
Over In Germany the pious kaiser and his
war lords are asking the samo God to help
them destroy the armies of tho Allies and
thuB mako the world safe for their democracy. These conflicting prayers aro enough
to confuse even a god of war.
Over three thousand years ago, the rebel
Isiah, speaking for his God said: "Your new
moons and appointed feasts my soul hatoth;
I will hide my eyes when you make prayors
I will not hear; your hands are full of
blood; put away the evil of your doings,
learn to do right."
Vancouver, April 11,  1918.
Defends the Irish
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Regarding
Premier Lloyd George's recent speech In the
British Houso of Commons: If his speech is
reported correctly, he said, among other
things relating to tho wur, thnt "tho present
war is moro of an Irish war than an English
one." Such a statement, to my way of
thinking, Is very singular. Ireland, I regret
to state, has bad no voice in marking her
own destinies. Neither has sho any voice In
making war ou any other nation. It is truo
sho has always helped England to win her
battles. The History of Ireland remains to
be written, for the purposo of IrlBhmon ro-
mains yet to bo achieved. Tho struggle for
national realization began so many centuries
ago, Is not ended; and if tho long story offers a too frequent record of failure, it offers a continuous appeal to tho highest motives and a constant exhibition of a most
pathetic patriotism linked with the sterneBt
Irish wars throughout all timo have boon
only against one enemy, the invader, and ending so often In material disaster. They have
conferred always a moral gain. Their memory uplifts tho Irish hoart; for no nation,
no poople, can roproach Ireland with having
wronged them. Whon at the dawn of the
Christian era, we first hear of Ireland from
external sources, wo learn of it as an island
harboring freo men, whose indomitable love
of .freedom was hateful to the spirit of Imperial exploitation. Agricola's advice to the
empire-builders of his day was that "Rome
should war on and take possession of Ireland
so that freedom might be put out of eight."
It was tii meet this challenge of despotism
that the Scotic clans of Alba turned to thoir
motherland for help, and tho sen was "whito
with tho hurrying oars" of thc men of Erin
speeding to the call of their Highland kinsmen threatened with Imperial servitude. The
first external record we possess thus makes
it clear that when tho cariy Irish went forth
to enrry war abroad, It was not to impose
their yoko on other peoples or to found an
Empire, but to battle against thc Empire of
the world in tho threatened causo they bold
so denr nt home. In this enrly Roman reference to Ireland, wot get the key-noto to nil
later Irish history—a warring down on the one
hand, so that freedom might bo put out of
sight; an eternal resistance on the othor, so
that it might bo upheld. It wns thiB struggle thnt Irelnnd sought to maintain against
every form of attack down through Danish,
Norman, Tudor, Stuart and Cromwellinn as*
sault, to tho larger imperialism of tho 10th
Then as Thierry, tho historian of the Nor
man conquest tells ub, It still remained tlie
ono lost cause of history that refused to admit defeat. This indomitable persistency,
this faculty of preserving through centuries
of misery the remembrance of lost liberty,
and of never despniring of a cause adways
defeated, always fatal to those who dared to
defend it, is perhnps the strangest and noblest example.ever given by any nation.
"We are proudly told that tho sun never
sets on the British Empiro." Wherever an
Irishman has fought in tho namo of Irelnnd
it hns not been to acquire fortune, land
fame, but to give all even life Itself, not to
found an Empire, hut to striko a blow for an
ancient land and assist the cnuBe of
BWOrdlesB people. Wherever Irishmen have
gono. in exile or In flght, thoy havo carried
this image of Ireland with them. The causo
of Ireland has found a hundred fields of foreign fame, where the dying Irishman might
murmur with Snrsfleld. "Would that this
blood were shod for Ireland," snd lilstorv
records the sacrifice ns mnde in no other
Irelnnd, ton, owns nn empiro on which tho
sun never sets.
Vnncouver, B. C, April 14, 1918.
"My Country 'Tis of Thee!"
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: It fills mj
heart with sorrow and my soul with des
pondency when 1 ■ see how those ignorant
working people, male and female, gorge
themselves with epicurean delicacies, servod
fn prodigious quantities, in tho local buffets
for tho sum of fifteen centB. Thore must
be some way found to curb their voracious
appetites or if it "can't bo did" they must
confine themselves to the stuff God Intended
them to eat. Lady Borden and H. R. H.
the Duchess of Devonshire have patriotically sampled soles and flounders and pronounced them safe for democracy, as far as
the proletariat are concerned. It must have
required as much fortitude on their part
as the Czar's food-tasters possessed when ho
expected to be poisoned. However, as fish,
oven of the scavongor kind. Is brain fertilizer, I nm uttorly opposed to It as a diet
for tho working claBB. The mechanism of
their stomachs Is inot refined like ours, and
fullness is the only sensation they enjoy,
lou may thereforo boo the folly of filling
them up on stuff like cold storage eggs,
etc. Thistles are a favorite food for goats
and donkeyB and should be equally good for
their human equivalent. As they flourish
upon vacant land, hold by speculators, our
resources would not ho endangered; in fnct
they might bo made a source of revenue
Thero ore also gophers by the millions on
tlie plains and groundhogs in tho mountains,
while nice fat juicy crows are almost a
nuisance everywhere, and if the worst comes
to the worst, we havo unlimited Bupplios of
rnts in all our Beaport towns. I have known
a colored mnn to subsist all winter on slippery elm hork nud ns this commodity is
plentiful in the enst I believe, if the bi-forc-
mentioned heroines will snerifleo themselves
again on tho nltnr of "their" country and
set the seal of upprovnl on theso articles
f)f proletariat diet, the grim spectre of fain-
ine will ba beaten to n frnzzle nnd tho
working plugs survive those turbulent limes
with stronger hncks nnd wenkor minds thnn
thoy hnd even beforo tho wnr. Are we
down-hearted f    No I FAYTRIOT
Kamloops, April 11,   1918.
adorned, and bo quite content. Never
dreaming that he might also strip off the
frame, crate or soul-case and be lifted ia
ecstlcy into the sublime reglonstof the seventh heaven, Some people can never get
past the whiskers, but let me tell Mr. Burslll
once and for all, again, that the church attends to the THING and not to the TRIMMINGS.
Lccky In his "History of European Morals," Vol. II, page 47, narrates a story concerning the time of the ascetic movement in
the early Christian church which might enlighten Mr. Bursill on this question of the
church and baths. At a time when everybody went to church, and nobody was allowed to go to churches, the monks In a certain
monastery in the desert suffered greatly from
want of water to drink; but at tho prayer
of the abbot TheodosiuB a copious stream
was produced, Soap, however, some monks
tempted by tbe abundant supply, diverged
from their old austerity and persuaded the
abbot to avail himself of the stream for the
construction of a bath. Th" bath was made,
Once, and only once did the monks enjoy
their ablutions, when the stream ceased to
flow. Prayers, tears and fastings woro in
vain. A whole yoar passed. At last the
abbot destroyed the bath, which was the
object of the Divine displeasuro, and the
waters flowed afresh.
It is not recorded in the lives of tho saints
that those dirty beggars ever again offended
Jehovah hy doing the side stroke, trundling
or swimming on their nnked bncks. On tho
contrnry they confined their nttentinn to tho
puriflcntion nnd development of tho S-O-U-L,
lot me remind Mr. Bursill once nnd for all
I would not liko to sny nnything that
might wound the feelings of any of your
rondors, but I do think that judging from
the little bit that Mr. Bursill did toll about
his religion, the churches he most lovea to
freqnont nro situated along the Ben front,
at places liko English Bay. or in the mnln
streets of our cities where ballot girls gyrate.
There Is no doubt thnt it is possible to got
nearer tho soul of these persons in tho condition in which thoy npopar before mankind,
nnd no doubt Mr. BurBill In endeavoring to
develop the faculty of gnzing upon this so
solid seeming flesh until it becomes trans-
pnrent, nnd the soul Is re%'enl?d in nil its
All the snme, n hnth nccnslonnlly, so long
ns it is not nllowed to become n hnblt. Is n
good thing. GEORGE F. STIRLING.
Snlmon Arm. April,tf>, 1918.
They are doing thingB there contrary to the
Mines Regulation Act. They have, In place
of a flre boss, running the afternoon shift, a
driver with no papers and papers are required by the Mines Regulation Act of any
man who Is responsible or a shift.
"ThlB mine Is run by natural ventilation.
There are no fans. The air Ib so bad at times
that after being In tne mine a certain length
of time the men come out staggering because
of the fonl air. In this particular mine, It
Is only when the west wind is blowing that
the mine Is clear of foul gases, powder amoke,
etc. During the last Friday afternoon shift
the a:r In the mine was stagnant. The men
had got into sueh a state on this account that
very Uttle could have been done in the way
of production. The driver who wbb responsible for the running of the shift advised the
men to leave their work for the afternoon,
for the reason that he could see that owing
to the condition obtaining ooal mining at any
rate of production was impossible,        .
Not at Fault
"Matt Petras Ib blamed for what ho is not
guilty of. Tho walkout was taken aB a result of the approval of all members of the
loeal union, who wanted to see the evil conditions at this mine rectified. Also, it may
be added, the superintendent of the property
Is personally and bitterly opposed to organized labor,"
The Church and Swimming Baths.
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: The know-
lodge of churches whicli your correspondent,
J. Francis Bursill, possesses is certainly
■extensive and peculiar." Hu deplores the
fact that a city of 100,000 poople should
huve "about 40 religious und no municipal
swimming bath," and ono gathers from His
references to the church that he thinks it
would bo to the advantage of the city if
there wora 40 swimming butlis und no religions.
Does Mr. Bursill look upon the humun
being as a flsh without any hope of immortality, with no soul, nothing but a cold,
tlubby, fleshy muss, living and dying, eating nnd being enten, fried, boiled or mw)
If thut be his opinion thon wa can readily
understand .'why he should deplore the fnct
thut tlie church docs not agitate for a municipal swimming bath. If Mr. Bursill hns attended church for a number of years (wliich
by the way seems doubtful, ns one gets thi
impression from his letter thut he is a young
man of about '25 or HO yenrs of age), how
tloes it happen thnt he hus escaped thc
knowledge that th.- human body is merely
Ihe shell or crate so to speak of a Divine
.spark known us iho Soul or Ego, which
neither swims nor needs washing, and thai
it is this Soul that thc church is concerned
with. Possibly lie hns hoard tho Soul mentioned in his visits to the churches Inn
thought it was spelt B(!-L-E, und consequently his thoughts wandered to fish, swimming hnths, otc. The writer remembers
hearing a .sermon on Jonah und the Whale
during which the preacher used tho terms
soul and whale so frequently that It wns
somewhat confusing nt times to keop from
thinking of n llsh shop. Especially wns
tliis the ons a when the preacher warmed to
his theme and tho cockles of his heart caused
the muscles of his face to flounder as bo
scaled the difficulties nf the subject with
ool-llka sinuosity. However, lot mo toll Mr.
Bursill once and fnr nil thnt the clmrcn,
over a lender among mankind, will turn its
attention to a municipal swimming bnlh when
tlio human frame davelops fins. Tbnt will
bo a sign for the church that the time is
at hnnd.
Tho soul of mnn won given a body, not
to make it convenient to wenr starched col-
lurs, furbelows, or hlgh-lacod boots, or to
hnve n convenient pine? to hnng n enno or
stick a clgnrette, bnt alas, Mr. Editor, these
trimmings havo so camouflaged the Immortal
soul that nn intelligent young mnn like Mr,
Burslll mnkes it pnrt of his religion to advocate swimming hnths so thnt he cnn gnze
with rapture upon tho beauties of nnturo un-
Why Hot in Vancouver?
Editor B. C. FederationiBt: Being a constant reader of your paper I noticed in tho
last two issues articles on co-operation. In
tho last issuo headed "Laundry Trust Is
Bridled by Unions" was a very interesting
article indeed and ono that should appoal
to the workers'. There Is no doubt that tho
laundry trust of Vancouver iB just as unsympathetic toward labor as are the trusts
in Seattle. Tho samo methods used hero as
are used In Seattlo would no doubt crush
tho octopus as effectively as it haB done
there, provided the workers would stand
together, which is the crucial test now being applied to ovory undertaking in which
organizod labor is in any way involved.
And so long ns tho workers tnke sugar-
coated pills prescribed by the trust and
profiteers, just so long will they bo slavos.
Tho capitalist class have built tlieir fortunes at tho expense of tbo workers, knowing that either through ignorance or petty
jealousies they could be arrayed against
oach other nt the will of the muster. If
the musses would wake up to thoir opportunities thoy could control the economic situation absolutely.
But why go to Seattle for subject matter!
Why not some homo and encourage things
that nro being dono hero. For instance thero
is a co-operative Btoro here, owned and
operated almost exclusively by members of
organizod labor. Why not encourage all
labor poople to become affiliated with It and
eliminate ull profiteering as far ns they nre
personally concerned,    lt cnn be done.
Who supports the lnrge departmental
stores in Vnncouver! Lnbor. Who sup-,
ports every ether store in tho downtown
district"( Lnbor. But Labor never has n
word to sny ns lo tho management or policy
of n single mercantile .establishment in the
city of Vancouver and never will have until
they hnve one of tlieir own.
If the workers of Senttle could raise
forty or fifty thousand dollars in two or
throe weeks' time'for n co-operative store,
why is It thnt thc workers of Vancouver will
not raise n few thousands to own their own
store! / .   .   ,
Tho Emporium, nt 823 GrftvilJe streot, is
the nucleus for n co-operative departmental
store and should hnve the support nnd encouragement, both individually and colective-
ly. of organized labor. The writer invested
ton dollars in thc compnny before the store
wns opened nnd hns traded thero ever since.
While thev nro new, nnd thoir services hnve
not been as good ns might hnve boen, still
I could soe tlint overy effort wns being
mnde to give the very bost of servico. We
must remember that every capitalist-owned
store ond every store run for individual
prollt Is arrayed agninst them. Why I For
the reason that if they cnn eliminate tho
co-operative store or the co-operative system they then hnve the consumer at their
entire mercy. Consequently they must not
fnr thoir own protection let the co-operative
system grow, hence the fight. They know-
that co-operation inures to the benefit of
the wage-earner. If this store has the ns-
sistance it should have It can bo made one
of the best stores in the city, owned by
memberB of organized lahor and operntod
for their sole and exclusive bonefit. Why
not boost Vancouver's co-operative Btore!
Vanconver, April 16, 1918.
Let's AU Do Itl
Editor B. C. Federationist: This suggestion will reach many workers In tho Dominion, from Halifax to Victoria. Here it
ia: Let's rub noses, and see what wc can do
In Vanconver. The basic Idea is to let Sir
Robert Borden know thnt whon the Federated Labor party says move we all move
in one direction, and that Ib east.
Now, how can we have a good time nnd
really do somothing really lnrge! Here It
Is,   nnd  It's   no   secret:
We choose the second Sunday in May. Wo
talk nicely to the Musicians union. Then wo
nil talk to tho city council to lot us have
tho bnndstond in Stanley Park. In between
selections we hove five-minute men, spenking through a megaphone, telling all nnd
sundry just why the workers have declared n politicnl wnr on Ottawa. Then we all
go nut to Stanley Park, forget all about our
highbrows and their way of conducting
nffnirs. We really got together. Bring the
"missus" nnd the kids, or your girl, or
somebody else's. You bring fruit or candy
nnd don't be bashful. What you ennnot eHt,
pnss nlong. This Is, Labor getting acquaint-
ed, not n funeral. W,e distribute Tho Federationist and leaflets, and havo 50 workors ont with membership cards. We invite
nil roturned men to introduce themselves.
By nnd lnrge we turn Stnnley Pnrk Into
nn open-air Labor Temple.
I must admit that the members of the
Musicians local are renl nice followa nnd
The Foderntionist manager Is unt a bnd follow; wo need oil tho space ho can give us;
we uaed him every hour.
Wo nre to linvo n good time. But n ronl
politicnl significance Is behind this Dominion-wide push. Get busy on this thing. No
mntter whnt your locnl mny be, lot's get
tog'ther. Sink your potty trifling troubles.
-lust figure on n gigantic moeting nf organized labor, listening to n hand selection, ami
figure out the political possibility of wnltzing
into Ottnwn.
Ladies (who ever knew tbe waitresses to
fall down)) we hnve n job for you.    Bonst
this movoment.    Got  together, just once I
Vnncouver, April   10,   1018.
CHICAGO—No sooner woro raeatlosB days
suspended for 30 days than the packers shot
up prices 2'/j conts.
NEW YORK—Wage Increases ranging
from 25 to 50 per cent, wiped out all danger
of the threatened longshoremen's striko.
BUTTE—Forty-one suspected I. W. W.'s
belonging to the Motal Mino Workers' union
have beon released after one woek in jail.
The Pan-Germans were recently astounded
whon, one of what tbey thought was ono of
their surest Beats, was wrested from them by
the socialists of Saxony.
Evil Conditions and Not the
Austrian Cause of the
Coal Strike
LETHBRIDGE, Alborta, April 18.—Tom
Biggs, president o ftho U. M. W. of A., District 18, on Fridny morning issued a statement In connection with the striko at the
mino of tbo Federal Coals, Limited, in which
he presents the union point of view anont
tho trouble, explains the nationality of Mat
Petrns, over whoso personal cose the difficulty
arose, nnd gives a general resume of the conditions attending work at the time. Said
Prosidont Biggs:
"It is true that Potrns is an Austrian, but
he wns naturalized on tho 0th dny of November, 1900. He hns been In Lethbrldge 27
yenrs, nnd hns boen engnged In coal mine
work nil of that time. He came to Lethbrldge when a boy, and was to all practical
purposes reared in thnt city and district. He
is blamed for somothing of which he is not
Nature of Trouble
"The trouble at the Federal mine Is this:
of the statement that onr Office Supplies
and Stationers' Sundries stock is tke best
in B. C. Come ln and look ns over)
617 VIEW ST.!
Phont Saymur 7109
Third   floor.   World   Building
—The only Union Shop ln Vanconver—
The B. O. FederationiBt Is produced entirely ay Cowan & Brookhouse, printers to The B. C. Federationist.   Tel. Sey. 4490.
•tfelte mon \5obacco.
Pocket Billiard
(Bnnswiek-Balke Cullender Co.)
—Headi-natters for Union Men—
Union-made   Tobaccos,    Cigars   and
Only White Help Employed
42 Hastings St. East
first and third Thursdays. Exaoutivir
koard: President, G. J. Kelly; vice-president,
F, W. Welsh; secretary ana bnsiness agent/
V. B. Midgley; treuorer, F. Knowles; ler*
geant-at-anns, J. F. Poole; trustees; J. H,
MoVety, W. B. Trotter, A. J. Orawfwd, F,
A. Heaver. "-*»
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Pino Creamy Lather
and Don Not Dry on the race
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufacturer! ln Britlah Columbia
Delivered to and from all trains,
boats, hotels and residences
Piano Moving
Phone ns day or night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
■ay. 404-5*6
Union Station
Mined on Pacific Ooaat
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Fair. 1800        1629 Main Street
Meeta eeeeid Mender In tke montk. Preeldent,  Oeo. Bertler;  secretary, B. H. Nee*
lends, P.O. Box 60.
tlonal Unleu of America. Loeal No. llo*—
MeeU aeeend and fourth Tneedaya la tko
month, B»em S06, Labor TeatplerPmldeBt,
L. E. Herritt; eeorettry, B. fi. Orant, 1871
Alberni atreet.
No. 617—Meets every eecond and fonrth
Monday evening, 8 p.m. Labor Temple.
President, R. W. Hattoy, phone Fair. 3902L:
financial eecretary, O. Thom; recording aee*
ISf^T- L E* W-aP-nllS bualneaa agent,
Walter Thomas, Boom 208, Labor Temple.
Phone  Bey.  7405,
U. B. W. of J—Meeta firat aad third
Wedneadaya of eaoh montk, Boom 802, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m. Preeldent, P. Graham: aeeretary, A, E. Aakeroft, Salle 1, 1798 foarth
avenue west.
and Iron Skip Builder, and Helpen of
America, Vanconver Lodge No. 104—Meeta
•T?,IT„MondaT. 8 p.m. Preeldent, A. Campbell, 220 Second atreet; eeerotarytrcaaurer,
Angus Fraaer, 1161 Howe etreet; bualneea
agent, J. H. Carmlehael, Roomi 212, Labor
Local 28—Meete every flrst and third
Wedneaday at 2:80 p.m.; aecond and fonrth
Wedneadaya at 0:00 pjn., Labor Temple.
President, Fred, Harris; aeeretary and business agent, Wm. Mackensle, Boom 209, Labor
Temple. Offlce hours, 11 to 12 noon; 2 to
6 p.m.
Operating Engineer,, Looal No. 620—
Meete every Monday, 7:80 p.m., Labor
Tomple. President, J. R. Flynn. 810 Moodle
atreet, New Westminster; vice-president, P.
Chapman; eeoretary-treasurer, W. A. Alexan-
der, Room 216, Labor Temple. Phone Sey.
—Meete In Boom 206,    Labor    Temple,
evoiy  Monday,   8  p.m.    President,  D.  W.
MoDongall,    1162 Powell street;  recording
secretary,    John Mnrdoek,    Labor Temple;
finanoial aeeretary and business agent, E. H.
Morrieon, Room 207 Labor Temple.
eoolation, Local 8862—Offlce and ball, 804
Ponder etreet  west.    Meets   every  Friday.
8 p.m.    Seeretary-treaanrer,    F. Cbapman;
buBincsa agent, L.  Marsh.
*" <v..f' LOCAL 88*82, AUXILIARY—
tiJ&ESt „WiWhoniemen and Freight
Handlers). Headquarters, 486 Howe etreet.
Meete flrst and third Wednesday. 8 p.m.
Secretory and bnsiness agont, E. Winch;
Butcher Workmen'e Union, No. 843—Meeta
f"8 *°d IkW Tueodays of each month.
Labor Tomple. 8 p.m. President, B. W.
Lane; recording secretary, E. Lotting: financinl secretary and business agent T. W. Anderson, 567 Homor etreet.
America (Vanoouver and vicinity)—
Branch meets seeond and fourth Mondaya,
Room 204, Labor Temple. President, Ray
MeDougall, 1926 Grant etreet; flnanclal seoretary J. Lyons, 1648 Venabloe atreet;
rocordlng secretary, E. Westmoreland, 8247
Point Groy ^oad^_ Phono_Bayview 2979L.
Riggers, I, L A Local Union 88A, Series
6—Moots the 2nd and 4th Fridays of the
month, Labor Tomplo, 8 p.m. President. J.
Sully; financinl secretory, M. A. Phelps;
tmslnoss agent and corresponding Becrotary.
W. Hardy. Offlco, Room 219-220, Labor
ployees, P oneer Division, No. 101—Meeta
Labor Temple,  seoond and fonrth Wednoa- '
dnys at 8 p.m.    Preeldent, W. H. Cottrell:
roosurer,  E. S. Cleveland; recording eecre*
Phono High. 168R; flnanclal aeoretary and
business agent. Fred. A. Hoover. 2409 Clark
drive, OBce,corner Prior and Main etreete.
ur i n* Union, Local No. 656—Meete every
Wednoeday at 8 p.m. Preeldent, W. J.
lirown; business agont, J. F. Poole, 416
Twentyfiret avenue east. Phone Pair. 716B;
flnanclal secretary. Bert Showier, 1076 Robson street. Phono Soy. 6670. Offlce, 587
Homer street.
lost Sunday of each month nt 2 p.m. President, R. Marshall; vice-president, W. H.
Jordnn; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands.
Box 66.
annual convention in January. Exocutive
offlcors 191819: President, Duncan MoCal*
luiii, Labor Temple, Vancouver: vice-presidents—Vancouver Island, Walter Head,
South Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; Prince
Bupert, W. E. Thompson; Vancouvor, E.
Winch. W. R. Trotter; New Westminster, P.
Peebles; West Kootenay, Marcus Martin,
Nelson; Crowo Nest Pass, W. A. Sherman.
Pernle. Secretary-treaaurer, A. 8. Wella, Box
1538. Victoria, B. C.
Counoll—Meets flret and third Wednesdays, Labor Hall, 1424 Oovernment Btreet,
at 8 p.m. President, B. Simmons; vice-
president, T. Dooley, 1276 Denman street:
secrotary, A. S. Wells. Box 802, Victoria,
B. 0.
Brewery Workmen, Local No. 280—Meata
at K. of P. hall. North Park streot, on the
second and fourth Thursdays of eaeh month.
President, E. Orr; eecretary, W. E. Barren,
2642 Scott etroot, Victoria, B. 0.
PBDjJOE bufbbt. b. c
Council—Meets aecond and fourth Tuea*
days of each month, ln Carpenters' hall.
President, 8. D. Macdonald; secretory. W. E.
Thompson, Box 278, Prince Bnpert. B. 0.
LOOAL UNION, NO. 878, U. M. W. of A.-
Meets second and fourth Sundaya of each
month, at 8:30 p.m., Rlcharda Hall. Preaident, Walter Heed; vlce-prealdent. Andrew
Parker; recording aeeretary, James Bateman;
finanoial secretary, W. Maedonald; treasurer. J. H. Richardson.
TRAIL.  B. 0.
Joiners, Local No. 286—Meete ln Minora'
Hall, every Wednesday, 7:80 p.m. President, H. BeD; seeretary, IM Oeuall, t. 0.
Drawer 8., Trail, B, CI
To members of nny union ln Cnnada a
special rate fnr The Federatlonist of $1
p.*r year—If a club of 10 or more is sent In.
Royal Stove Repair Works
Repairs for all  Stoves, Furnaces,
Coils, Connections, etc.
New-   and   second-linnd    stoves    bought,
sold and exchanged.
Phone Sey. 0950 1114 GranvUle
Tbe Jams Electric Co., Ltd.
570 Bichards Stmt
Refined Service
Hun Block west of Court Houhb
'■up of  Modern Chapo) and
Funeral  Parlors free to  all
Telephone Seymour 842ft FBIDAY...
..April 19, 1918
Dinner Set of 52 Pieces
for $17.40
This set looks like a high-priced Limoges China—it is made
of the finest quality English semi-porcelain, and is beautifully
finished with a wide gold border, and all handles a solid gold
finish.   The set comprises:'
Six dinner plates, 6 soup plates, 6 tea plates, 6 bread and butter
plates, 6 fruit saucers, 6 eups and saueers, 1 covered vegetable
dish, 1 salad bowl, 1 platter, 1 gravy boat, 1 pickle tray, 1 slop
bowl, 1 cream jug, and 1 sugar bowl.; d» 1 *7 Af\
52 pieces for. .^P1 ' ,^"U
Dinner Set of Blue Band and Gold Lines
The same combination as the above described set. The ware
is English semi-porcelain of serviceable weight; <tl O OfJ
52 pieces for... _ .«pi O.OV/
MOii^son'sBauCotnpanji. &
*l     .   ^J iMWWBB   lata      mnM"T I sanilat. muti cm hii nam* V   J*\l
Granville and Georgia Streets
Our Store is the Gateway to Good Clothes
Heretofore you may not have known our address. That being
thc case, now, if you want a good Suit qi Clothes, this is your
advertisement, for it tells you where you can buy good clothes
at prices that are right.
Week End Specials That Save You Money
Boys' Suits, 23 to 35 inclusive; to clear at $4.75 to $6.25
Good Braces, 25^, 35.0 and 40^ FELT HATS—While they
last, S1.75   OOOD NEGLIGEE SHIRTS, 95^
Discounts to Veterans and Boys in Khaki.
The Jonah-Prat Co.
ooedon jonah   The "Fit-Rite" Store     oeobob pbat
401 Hastings Street West, Corner Homer
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Stroet Bast, Sey. 988472 — 728 Oranvllle Street, Say. 9513
Evans, Coleman and Evans, Ltd.
Nanaimo Coal
Main Office:  Foot Columbia Ave. Phone Sey. 2988
Uptown Office:  407 Granville St  Phone Sey. 226
Canadian Northern Railway
Lowest Possible Passenger Fares
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendants
Travel Comfort
Consult Our Nearest Agont or Write
Telephone Seymour 2482
Free Homesteads
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands. The
finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The settlers who
have gone in there are all boosters, as they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON, Land Cruiser
Pure Malt and Fruit
Cascade Beer
Apple Cider
(Silver Top Brand)   A PURE FRUIT BEVERAGE
Peerless Beer
Alexandra Stout
- '■■ "■ ■"  — ■    I "
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
Puts One Over Island Miners with Ease and Grace
of a Master
South Wellington Miners to
, Arrange for May Day
10.—Tho minors of the federal riding
of Nanaimo are at last getting what
they votod for on Dec. 17 last. A call
waB rocoivod on Friday, April 12, for
representatives of tho Vancouver Island
Miners to attend a conference to be
hold in Ottawa on Wednesday, April 17,
at which miners' representatives from
all ovor Canuda were invited by our old
friend Tom Crothers, minister of labor.
Apparently CrotherB is not familiar
with the geography of this broad Dominion, or he would have known that
it was impossible for mon from Vancouver Island to get to Ottawa in time
for the conference. Or did he again
hear his master's voice?
However, Dune McCallum, to whom
the lirst wire was sent, wired back
asking that the conference be postponed until the ISth, but the reply was
received that this was impossible, but
that the conference would probably
last till the 18th. Another wire was
sent asking the pointed question:
"Will representatives be in time for
conference by leaving tonight, Saturday!"
Meantime there was a busy time in
South Wellington and vicinity. Arrangements were made to send Walter
Head from South Welllington and William Anderson from Ladysmith, who
left on tho afternoon boat on Saturday.
Upon arrival in Vancouver the following telegram waB waiting:
"D. McCallum, President B. C. F. of
L.: Regret that minors' representatives by leaving tonight, Saturday,
would not arrive in Ottawa in time for
conference.—T. W. Crothers."
And thus, for tho second timo, wore
tho Vancouvor Island Miners double-
crossed by Tom Crothers. That is ono
of two concluaions to be drawn. Either
that or else Grandmother Crothers is
in his dotage and unfit for his position.
It was utterly' impossible for men to
leave Vancouver Island in time to ar-
rivo in Ottawa on April 17, owing to
difficulty in getting long-distance connections. Word wns not received on
tho Island 'until 3 p.m. on Friday and
unless an aeroplane, could have been
brought into servico it was otherwise
impossible to get to Vancouver before
Saturday morning at 11 o'clock.
A peculiar feature about the scheme
is that this conference was known about
in certain high quarters as early as
Tuesday or Wednesday and there was
plenty of time in which Vancouver Island could have obtained representatives, but the object of Crothers in
stalling was to pretend that he was
anxious to have tho Island miners represented, knowing full woll that it
was impossible for them to attend.
Presumably Mr. Nichol Thomson
will ho there with moro of his in-
famous misstatements and once more
he will bo ablo to utter them behind
tho backs of tho Island miners.
Howover, it's a very long lnno that
has no ash-can, nnd the Island minors
may show their teeth ere long.
We are waiting with interest to sec
the outcome of tho conference, and of
courso wo do not hold ourselves under
any obligation to abide by any of
the decisions of said conference.
And who knows but what such treat'
ment may not be thc means, of opening
tho eyes of many of the people who
were doludod into voting for this
precious Unionist aggregation?
May Day Celebration.
Anyway, thc good work is going on.
An enthusiastic union meeting was held
in Extension on Sunday morning, nt
which it vms decided to try and moke
May 1 a holiday, in order that the men
working at Extension cnn attend tho
eolobration at South Wellington.
Another meeting was hold at Ladysmith at 2 o'clock, from which a telegram was sent to J. C. Watters, presidont of tho Trades and Labor Congress
of Canada, requesting him to protest
to Crothers, and also inform the
miners' representatives of tlio treat
ment handed out to tho Island repre
At the adjournment of this meoting
a p.iblic mooting waB held to see what
eould be done with Old Man H. C. of L.
At tho time of writing it is not known
whether his nibs has been exorcised or
not, or whother he is still runnier
Charles Lestor attended all throe
meetings and, according to reports, he
got somo good work in  at all  threo,
The next moeting held was held under the auspices of the Federated
Lnbor party at South Wellington,
Sunday ovening. The president of the
South Wellington branch occupied the
chair and dealt briefly With tho tactics
of T. W. Crothers in preventing the
Vnncouver Island Miners boing represented nt the conference in Ottawa.
Comrade Lestor thon took the floor
and delivered a very interesting address, which wns remarkable for its
clear-cut explanations of the pressing
problems of tho day. The nudionce
were convulsed with laughter at some
of his similes. Ho said that the need
of the hour was meu with courage to
state things as thoy saw them, for
overy one in up in tho air nnd thero
is not ono ray of hopo from the master
class politicians. We ore the only clnss
capable of solving the problem. "We
havo hentless dayB and meatless dnys,"
he said, "but, strange to say, wo hnve
not yet got workless days." Ho then
gave a short history of the'development
of human society from primitive communism to tho institution of slnvery.
He showed how the slave guards with
the club wero tho forerunners of the
modern stato and contrasted the chattel slave, who had to bo prevented from
running away from work, with the
slave of tho present dny who runs to
Work, He dealt briefly with the feudal system, when clothes were produced
to wear, foods to -cut, nnd houses to
livo in. He contrasted the feudal system with the prosent system, under
which clothes, fond and houses are pro
duced for profit, the consequences of
which are, that adulteration is rampant. He then traced the course of
modern industry from the hand production stage, where one man made the
finished article, then to the stage where
the division of labor was instituted and
the extraction of surplus value. He
dealt with the advent of machinery
and the creation of the industrial reserve army, and the great increase in
the amount of surplus value which
brought forth the need of foreign markets and with it the doctrine of imperialism and the fostering of tbe war
spirit. In illustrating the magnitude of
the British Empire he quoted the story
of the school child who was asked why
the sun never set on the British Empire. His reply was that it was because God Almighty was afraid of leaving it in the dark. He then described
the German industrial system, of how
the Germans were a nation of specialists, the ruling class doing their part
by superintending the industrial system, under which men specialized, and
the ruling class alone were conversant
with the finished process. He told of
the treatment accorded to Sir
Auckland Geddes, by tho workers on
the Clyde, who forced him to stand
bare-headed while the Red Flag was
sungi They asked him if tbe government was ready to mako peaco with
tho German people, but Geddes said
that Kaiser Bill had to be flrst overthrown. One of the workers then
wanted to know why the Alios wore
so bitter with the Russians nfter they
had ovorthrown their autocracy.
Nol" said Comrade LeBtor, "if the
ruling class ever get tho power in
Russia, we will have a repetition of
tho Paris Commune, when 50,000 working men and women, including 10,000
children, wero slaughtered." The
master class, said the speaker, havo no
other, function to perform than to prolong tho war, for they can no longer
manage industry, for they have built
up a financial syBtem which is similar
to an inverted pyramid, and its col-
Inpse is imminent. The solution lies
in the capture of the roins of government and the production for use instead of profit. Tho human race will
then have completed another cycle in
its evolution.
TJ. M. W. of A. Organizer.
Dave Rees then took the floor for n
short timo and dwelt upon the necessity of building up an organization, both
on the industrial and political field. It
was not good enough to merely organize politically at election time. The
necessity for a strong political organization at all timoa was ably demonstrated, for, said Bro. Rees, we must
place our own class in parliament and
thus obviate the necessity of going,
cap in hand, to our beneficent legislators. He touched briefly upon the
growth of organization in'England in
70 years, and told of mon in Dorsetshire being transported to Botany Bay
70 years ago for daring to strike for
better conditions. Bro. Roe's story reminded the writer, for tho moment, of
Vancouver Island, where wo have men
transported to New Zealand, Australia and tho battlefields of Europo, for
daring to fight for better conditions.
At tho closo of tho meeting, which
lasted to a late hour, a businoss meeting was held. Several members signed
up and the following exocutive committeo was appointed, in addition to
the president and chairman, who were
appointed some time ago: Len Guel-
lothe, treasurer; Walter Smith, Mrs.
Taylor, Mrs. Head, Mrs. Fielding and
Mrs. Westwell. Wo hope to hold some
meetings shortly for tho purpose of
education, and we nro going to work
with tho May Dny committoe in an
endeavor to make tho Mny Day celebration a howling success.
Valuable Light Thrown on
Peace Negotiations
With Germans
Dig in by Organizing Local
Branch of Federated
Labor Party
[By Georgo Gold]
LADYSMITH, V. I., April 11.—A special
mooting of Mine Workers was held in tlie
Miners' hull, Sundny, for the purpose of instituting a littlo more, "pop" into the movement here, in this neck of tlio woods.
Promptly at 11 o'clock, tho local presidont
took tho chair, and pointed out, in his usual
good style, that the timo was nover more
opportune for the workers to assert themselves, alsn, mentioning (ho fnct that for a
good numbor of years environment had
placod him in a position of vantage to study,
in an eU'iuontnry way, tho causes and effects
of our industrial Bystotn, and, having learned
through experience the disadvantages of the
workers when trying to gain the necessary
reforuiB, which call for immediate attention,
as one well known writer says: "He who
must be free himself, must strike the blow."
Hu also pointed out very forcibly thnt a
great numbor of men employod in the mines
at Extension, didn't want to bo freo; they
were, quite contented with their conditions,
bnt nlwnys willing to accept nny little nd-
vnntnge gained through the efforts of organised labor. He nlso pointed out thnt these
meetings wero called for the purpose of educating the worker towards the g ■nenil advancement of our causo, trnde unionism, better conditions, belter wages, and a recognised
union; so thnt the worker can combat with
offoot the unscrupulous tactics of organised
Capital. At this point hu emphasised the
necessity of having some say so on the conditions which the miners work under, and
the only wny to attain better conditions wns
for the workers to organize, Irrespective of
creed nr nationality.
He then introduced Bro. D. Rees. International board memtnr, to address the meeting.
Itro. I). Hers, In his opening remarks,
pointed out that he wns here to work and
work hard to establish the organizntion on
Vancouver Islnnd. He recognised that n
great deal of work hod to In* dono voluntarily by mon who know the value of an organisation, nnd without their aid it was impossible to mnke any headway, but reminded his
hearers thnt he was being paid for his work,
lie pointed out tbnt it gave hint great pleasure tn address the men of Locnl 2888, V.
M. W. of A., ns th?re was a vast difference
from whnt he had boen accustomed to, on
his organising tours, where ho had to contend with so many different nationalities,
but here in Ladysmith il wns quite different,
where they wers mostly English-speaking.
He then touched briefly on the work the organisation had accomplished In its various
Holds of action, gaining large Increases for
Its membership: nlso that the miners of Nova
Scotia hnd unnnimnnidy tlooldad tn affiliate
with   tho   Mine   Workers  organisation,
The press nlso received a very severe criticism, owing to its attitude In dealing with
after the war problem*. It was his opinion
thnt Its span, could ho better ultillsed in
dealing with problems thst confront ns now,
because they were numerous, nnil advised
bis hearers to support tho labor press, ns il
was the only reliable source of information
th* worker had, nnd ndvised those Hint
hadn't subscribed for Tho Fedorationist, to
'ftsto no lime In doing so.
He   criticised   the   system   that   has   been
jrrlod on for some tl  on the Island, refer-
Ing to the grievanr- committed), as one of
the most antiquated method's of ndjusting
disputes, and was absolutely of no conse-
quonco without the backing nf an economic
organisation, anil he was here now to use
all his energy to establish Ibe organisation.
The  chairman   then   called   nn   Comrade
Jfinlifkinwi.il, of N'annlmo, to address the
meeting. lfe statu] that his mission to
Ladysmith was In cotrnectlon with the newly-
formed Federated Labor Party. Ho was
sorry that he wasn't a United Mine Worker,
A View of Events Carefully
Hidden From Us by Our
Own Precious Rulers
Immediately after gaining power, the
Bussian Workmen's government approached all nations with the proposal
to silence the guns and to appeal to
reason with tho proposal of immediate
truce and peace negotiations. Pressed by tho German working classes, and
under the stress of want and misery
caused by this war, the German government doomed it necessary to appear
at thc negotiations for an armistice.
The governments of England, Prance,
Italy, and North Amorica did not appear at this conference. In -the consciousness that it iB our duty to defend tho interests of the proletariat in
all countries, we adjourned the negotiations for ten days in order to givo
your governments time to como to their
senses, or give you time to bring them
to reason. But even at the expiration
of the second period your governments
stood aloof. Despite this, in protection
of your interests, we proposed and arranged that for one month no German
troops should be transferred from the
Bussian to tho French, English, Belgian, or Italian fronts. Now we aro in
tho middle of peaco negotiations with
tho German-Austrian imperialism.. Ger-
man-Austro imperialism was compelled
to agree that no nation which has lost
itB freedom during this war shall remain deprived of same; although it still
sticks to those peoples whom, it had
conquered and subjected in earlier wars.
If the Separate Peace Comes Who Is
to Blame?
Your governments abuse us by stating that we are bont on concluding a
separate peace. Hypocrites I It depends on them alone whether a general
peace is declared or not. They accuse
us of leaving Alsace-Lorraine in Prussian hands, and of not giving freedom
to the South Slavic people. Well, lot
them come along to the peace table
with the festal present of a free Ireland, Egypt, India, Morocco, and Indo-
China, of the tortured Congo, and no
Kaiser William, no Hindenburg and no
Ludendorf would,ever dare to crack the
whip over the backs of tho Alsatians,
the Poles, or the Serbians.
Tet German Imperialism Will Never
V Conquer.
They ridicule us saying that German
imperialism will bring us to our knees.
Let them rest assured that the honor of
tho Bussian Bovolution will be maintained. It will bo defonded by tho
armed proletariat of Bussia, as well as
by thc young peasants, even if the
masses of older men should have to be
discharged in consequenco of tho great
fatigue and stress of the long yenrs
of war. As far as the Bolshevik party,
tho party of the Left Socialist Bevolu-
tionnries, nnd thc People's Commissaries nre concerned, they will closo no
poace which dishonors them or injures
tho interests of the common peoplo.
Just ns they are ready to defend with
the last drop of blood the Bussia of
tho Socialist Bovolution should Germnn
imperialism rofuse an honontblo peace,
so will they conclude a separate peace
then being made impossible by tho obstinacy of tho English, French, and
Italian Imperialists.
Workers Speak Before It Is Too Late.
As already stated, a genernl pence
now depends on the proletariats of England, and Italy, and no longer upon us.
Wo fervently wish for nothing moro
than a goneral peace, and have left,
and shall leave, nothing undone to
bring about such. However, such a
poace eon only be achieved by a most
vigorous revolutionary movement on
your part. Remember, it will not bo
our fault if Germnn imperialism
swoops down with full forco upon unfortunate Frnnce, if its cannons mow
down tho youth of the English proletariat. We nppoal to you, the ndvance
guard of tho English proletariat. Strain
all your forces! Time is Hying! May
the hour soon strike in which you assist in attaining the chnrter of the nations, the peace without annexations
and indemnities, on the basis of the
right of till peoples to Holf-dotormina-
tion, the peace that will set free the
forces of thc proletariat for the victorious struggle for Socialism,
(Signed) The International Bureau of
the Central Executive Committee of the
Council of Workmen's Soldiers' and
Peasants' Deputies.
SheU Manufacturer Was Expected to
Grease Machine to Tune of
87>/2c Per Shell
Leaders of old political parties nl
Ways see to it that their politicnl machine is oiled by those who receive govornment contracts. This was again
shown ti]> in a libel trial in Cnlgary. In
the trial, the chief citizen of Medicine
Ha! wns mentioned, as hogging for
graft on shell contracts in the interest
of tho local Conservative machine. Ono
witness—a shell manufacturer—said on
onth that Mr, Brown (the mayor of
Medicine Hat) had offered to try and
secure anothor shell contract for snid
witness, providing thnt Mr. Brown
would bo nllowed HO cents por shell fnr
his trouble. Mr, Brown nlso waited on
the witness nnd Intimated that B7\_
cents per shell wns oxpoctod as n donation to the locnl politicnl timeliine, 111*
shell contract having been given at ij-5
per shell, when the shell eould be manufactured for $2.50.
ANACONDA—The sheriff here nrr-Mrd
two mon wearinK I. W. W. buttons, and with
the aid of a mob, painted tho men with a
btickol nf reii paint The men are now In
1ml he was going to got a job in one nf llieae
mini's fur a -lay or Iwq If lie worked fur
nothillR, mi that lie eOtlld be one, for he re-
COgtlltoo that the imliMrinl ovarii rat Ion wan
the right arm, and the political organization
was the left. He then pro CO Oiled to form a
branch of the F. L. P., with yonr humble
servant an chairman pro tem., ami everything
nugiint well for a lUCOOlifill purl* al I.udj-
nnil tii.
genuine offer in Men's Tailored Suits in Vancouver is OUR LEADER of double twisted
serge, indigo dye, color fc'JEi (\f\
guaranteed, for. -vpOO.UU
The workmanship iB all that clever designers, master tailors and
expert oattorB can do. If you want real honest value and clothes
of distinction, with the added security of the most perfect fit desirable, let your choice be the Ford TailorB—where quality counts.
Street West
Tha' Horn* of Smart-tailored Stilts
Save one year's monthly payments on Standard
New Pianos.
Our upstairs Piano warerooms enables us to do
We have just received
That we will sell for
$300, $325 and $350
We sell Broadwood & Sons, Haines Bros., Tht
New Bell, Marshall & Wendell, Montelius, Lyon
& Healy, Williams New Scale, Kimball.
And other makes.
A customer is entitled to have the privilege of
choosing from a large assortment of different
It means greater satisfaction, lower prices and a
better piano.
'-**--*w-—***'■* S *. S *»^*-**'^-**'-:*------^-^-.--*^--J-*?***
_ The one big thing that you can do, and which you ought
to do, is to patronize those merchants who patronize your
paper by advertising in The B. C. Federationist.
Have You Read the Little
Booklet, Printed by
The Federationist?
It's ii crackor-jack, and ahould bo read by every mnn and woman
interested in tho Labor movement.
written by the Grand Old Man of the Labor Movemont in British Columbia, Mr. B. T. Kingsley, and compiled by R. P. Pettipiece, wbo has
for more thnn 20 years been identified with the organized labor movement of the province.
In ■ clear-cot anil conclie etyle
litis booklet goon thoroughly* Into
tbe question of tho economle position of capitalist society and tke
position of thu working classes In
relation tu it.
The troublesome phases of tke
relations between the capitalist
and tho worker are dealt wilh Id
a manner which solves In plain
and forceful logic many points on
which the worker of today Is often
"at sea" wben meeting arguments.
Package! of 100 copies tr
more, 6 rente per copy (ear-
riaga paid).
Single copies, or In up ■■*•
ber up to 100 copies, 10 cents
each (postpaid).
The  Biggest  Ten Cents'  Worth  of '
Beading Brer Offered ln Literature
Send along a dime for a copy today.   Try it out 00 your friends.
It's worth while.
The B. C. Federationist
PBIDAY.  April 18, 1918
'"Buy Right and You'll Buy Less"
Odd Trousers
for Men
We have a stock of odd Trousers
which allows a wide range to select from. Untearable worsteds
for the working or outside man,
tweeds and serges for business
or dress wear. Splendid values at
under "Our Right Selling Plan,"
$5, $6.50, $7 and $8
UMITtO    -
The Original Union Men's Clothing Store
Eiit nn extra, potato a day; it will save
a slice of bread for overseas.
—Canada Food Board
Rogers' Syrup, 5-lb. tins
Not-a-Seed Raisins	
Seeded Raisins, 16-oz	
Bleached Sultanas	
Finest Pink Salmon	
disco, large tin
 2 for 25c
 2 for 25c
.2 lbs. for 35c
 2 for 25c
Rolled Oats, 6-lb. sacks for *45c
Apex Jam, in 4-lb. tins; reg. 60c for .45c
Robertson's Old Country Black Currant Jam,
4-lb. tins; reg. 90c for 75c
Slater's Red Label Tea; reg. 30c for 25c
Oat Barley 4 lbs. for 25c
Alberta Cooking Eggs, all guaranteed, doz 40c
Finest Spuds from Dewdney, B. C; nothing
finer. Reg. $1.65 for '. $1.40
131 Hastings Street East.   Seymour 3262
830 Granville Street.   Seymour 866
3214 Main Street.   Fairmont 1683
Saturday Specials
Pep (Kennedy'a), reg. $1  66c
Sherry (Kennedy'a), reg. $1 65c
Creme de Mentho  (Kennedy's),
reg. $1
Pork-   MEATS
Fancy Boost Pork, per lb 30c
Pork Sparc Bibs, per lb 17c
Pork Hock, per lb 19c
Fancy Boiling Beef, per lb 18c
Sugar Cured Corn Beef, per lb 17c
Fancy Pot Boast, per lb 20c, 22c
Mutton (New Zealand)—
Leg, per lb S0C
Loins, por lb 25c
Shoulder, per lb 21c
Veal (locul milk fed)—
"Small lcgB, per lb 28c
Loins, per lb 35c
Shojlder Boasts, per lb 30c
Stew, per lb 22c
Swift's Premium (half or wholo),
per lb 38c
Sylvan Talcum Powder, reg. 25c,
at  2 for 25c
Armour's  Toilet  Soap,   reg.  2  for
25c 3 foi 25c
PickleB, Bweot; pint 25c
Pickles, mustard; pint  25c
Olives (Libby's), qt. bottlos; regular 40c  35c, 3 for Sl.00
Tropical Flavoring Extracts, reg.
15c 3 for 26c
Mother's Egg Noodles, reg. 15c,
at  2 for 26c
Post Toastios, reg. 2 for 25c  10c
Toasted Bice Flakes, reg. 2 for
25c  10c
The Emporium
Sey. 908     823 GRANVILLE STREET     Sey. 908
Government Condemned for
New Military Order-
in-Council Act
Always abreast of the advanced age in which we
live. Worn by men, young and old, who keep up to
F'it, Value and Service
the Keystone of Success
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
514 Granville Street
Food  Conservation  Board
Gets in Bad at Council
It was pointed out in the Trades
Council last evening that the Groat
West Permanent Loan company had
foreclosed on 400 homes in Vancouver
during the war and Del. MeVety moved
a resolution that tho Vancouvor
Trndes Council urgontly cull upon the
provincial government to amend the
Moratorium Act at this session of the
Houso bo as to absolutely prevent the
foreclosure of mortgages on people's
homes during the continuance of the
war in Europe. The resolution was
unanimously endorsed and resolution
telegraphed to the Attorney-Goneral.
The council went into executivo
session at the end of the meeting and
the government was roundly condemned for itB proposed autocratic
order-in-council dealing with the Military Sorvico Act. A resolution wub
endorsed instructing the executive committoe to interview a solicitor to ascertain the civil rights, if any, of men arrested as defaulters, to protect the intorests of mon arrested who aro over
or under military ago and held by the
authorities; also to provide defence for
men, in civil courts, who are brought
to trial. Tho secrotary was instructed
to writo tlio minister of justice and enquire in whose hands rests the disposal
of the cases of men who ure charged
with being defaulters under the Military Service Act.
Executive committee roported communication from Vancouver Child Welfare association, asking fo! a delegato
from council. Request concurred in
and Del. Harrison  appointed.
Boilermakers of San Francisco requested adoption of resolution dealing
with the Mooney frame-up. Several
delegates spoke on the subject to tho
effect that labor on this side of tho
line should back up the demnnds made
in this case.   Resolution adopted.
Beports of Unions.
Del. Lane, Butchers, reported union
going strong and now has membership
of 250.   He ateo spoko of thc great help
given union by Socretary Midgely.
Del. Mottishaw reported the Bartenders still doing business under old
charter, but with new name—Soft
Drink Dispensers.
Delegate of Expressmens union reported 75 por cent, strong and C. P. R.
organizing a dual union to break the
bona fide one.
Del. Glenn, Retail Clerks, reported
union would undertake a '' thousund
membership" campaign, to start next
week. There are four thousand retail
clerks in the city and union men are
asked to help in this campaign.
Del. Alexander, Steam and Operating
Engineers, reported that six months
ago union was 100 strong, now it is a
1000. Action on eight-hour dny will
bo drastic if government fails to act.
Del. Campbell, Mill and Factory Employees, reported that striko will be
called next Monday if Robertson &
Hackett and Hanbury companies do
not sign wage sculo.
Del. Youngash, Auto Mechanics, reported nil firms hnving signed wngo
scale, but members are failing to show
up at union meetings since the raise.
Del. Showier, TeamBters, asked shipyard workers to line up teamsters in
and around yards. Also advised delegates to sec that teamsters are wear
ing button in "Buy Your Coal" campaign, now going on. Members of
union receive a button every month.
Some firms uro employing Chinese.
Delegate of Barbers reported that local daily press has not given barbers a
square deal in connection with raise in
barbers' prices.    See union report.
Del. Taylor, Upholsterers, roported a
membership of 32 and about 40 more
nro expected.
Delegato of loco Oil Refiners reported he had been reinstated nnd thnt
everything was going fino and membership increasing.
Delegate of City Firemen reported
that $10 wage increase had been granted and that the international has given
local union full jurisdiction over all employed in halls.
Del. Kcott, Marine Firomcn, reported
increase of wnges without trouble.
Secretary's Beport).
Secretary Midgley reported that he
had visited park commission in an en
deuvor to got n wage of $4 for garden
rs, but the commission were sorry thoy
could not soe their way clear to grunt
tho increase, as the increased eost of
food was now taking all their appro
priationa to food the animals. The
commissioners seemed to infer that the
animals must be fed, no mntter what
happened the workers. The secretary
reported that the Building Laborers
union was still in existence and that
the dining ear employees were being
Del. Pritehnrd pointed out thnt the
C. P. 11. hnd informed one of their
employees tlmt if the men organized
the compnny would employ women and
Del. Gutteridge, Garment Workers,
moved that Secretary Midgley write
chairman of Fond Conservation Hoard,
H. B. Thomson, protesting against action of board in placing order for uniforms i'or "soldiers of tho soil" wilh
the Montreal Shirt and Overall company, a non-union und probably sweatshop factory, without culling for tenders from union (Inns and without giving un opportunity lo western firms to
participate in making same.    Carried.
Amendment thai resolution be endorsed and "Over the top Hurry"
Stevens and the representatives of this
district iu provincial house bc notified.
Amendment carried.
Del. Knowles moved that tho couneil
ondorHC petition of Letter Carirers asking thai the war bonus und tho provis-
innnl allowances be abolished and u
Dominion-wide minimum wnge of $1000
per yenr be substituted, with nnnunl in-
creaHcs of pay of $100 per year to n
maximum of $1400} such increases to
be given lo ull men graded as letter
curriers, whether permnnently or temporarily employed, und thnt the secretary be instructed to forwnrd such endorsation to Premier Borden nnd the
Silk Hosiery
That Appeals To
Careful Dressers
Qualities Are Specially Good
AT $1.25—Fine grade
Silk Fibre Hose, reinforced toes and heels, in silver, champagne, purple,
brown, black and white.
AT $2.25 —Fine Silk
Hose, with garter top, reinforced toes and heels, in
shades of Alice, champagne, paddy, old rose,
bronze, black and white.
AT $2.50—Better grade
Silk Hose, with double
toes and heels, garter top,
in silver, gold, battleship
grey, black and white.
575 Granville 'Phone Sey. 3540
Civil  Service commission.    Resolution
Dolegnte McVety moved that the
council endorse the resolution of the
Great War Veterans' association dealing with the unsatisfactory treatment
being meted out to invalided soldiers.
It was pointed out that tho soldiers,
of whom there are 23 suffering from
shell shock, aro compelled to associoto
with Asiatics in an overcrowded hospital, and have as constant companions
men of nil nationalities suffering from
all stages of insanity and deformity.
The resolution was endorsed and action
forwarded to Vancouver representatives
and superintendent of Invalid Soldiers
Tho couneil went into executive
session to discuss the new order-in-
council dealing with the Militnry Service Act.
Delegates Obligated.
Marine Firemon and Oilers—Thos.
Scott, G. Russel.
Meat Cutters—A. H. Beresford, Geo.
H. Johnson, B. W. Lnno.
Warehousemen—A. R. Robertson, E.
Painters—James Blackwood, William
Garment Workers—Miss A. Hawk-
Amalgamated  Carpenters—A. Davis.
Machinists No. 777—II. Fleming, A.
E. House, D. MeCullum.
Hotel und Restaurant Employees—■
Phil Howard.
I. L. A,—Benjamin Hughos, John
Mahone, Lyndon Marsh, Gordon J. Kelly, Alfred Leach, Ambrose Reid, Samuel Dudloy.
Brotherhood of Carpenters—L. Berger, J. W. Lloyd, J. E. Miller, D. McKinnon, J. E. Wood, J. McKissock.
Upholsterers and Trimmers—W. G.
[Dr. Georgo D. Herron]
It is n strange story, this lucent epoch
of the Paris Commune; and it is history's supreme tragedy. There iB no
martyrdom so splendid, no sacrifice of
a people so great. Thero is not any
protest of the common life against oppression so disinterested and so truly
noble, bo worthy of being sung in epic
and told in story, as this mighty mar-
trydoni of tho working class of Paris in
the spring of 1871.
It murks the high tide of human feeing und aetion. It is a spoctnelo that
surpasses in significance and magnitude
almost evory other martrydom of history
—tho Bpectoclc of a whole people going
not only to death, but to accepted oblivion and disgrace; a whole peoplo dying
in an ecstacy of devotion to a betrayed
and lost cause—girls and children lead,
ing in this sublimest abnegation.
The novelist and the historian, thc
politician and the priest and the king
nnd ull the retainers of the ruling clnss
have stamped the Communards with infamy. And yet, as uny Bune and scientific study of the period bIiowb, the time
when tho working class was in uctunl
control of the affairs of Paris, freo of
its own leaders und getting nlong without government, administering socioty
through the simple law of association
for the common good, was a time of unequalled human order, elemental law
and real liberty. Al no lime and place
has life been so free nnd safe, with so
small an average of human misery, with
so large a fund of secure fellowship,
and with so hopeful and common a well-
being. Even capitalist properties wore
more sacredly protected by the Commune thua by the capitalist administration itself, 'indeed, that brief period
when the working clasB wbb triumphant
in Paris, when it nroBo above traitors
within /the walls and the foreign foe
without, when it dismissed or ignored
the government and became its own law
and order, is a sort of oasis in tho long
desert of human exploitation and tyranny; n sort of glad and hoa'utiflc moment, n momentary nnd prophetic
spring time, in the long procession of
the changing forms of pnrisitism und
hypocrisy nnd bruto force which we
know ns law and government.
In tlie glad dny whon truth can stand
on its feet and face the world unafraid,
naked and unnshamed, and when the
poet conies who shall sing the true epic
of the time we colobrnte, these few
days of the working clnss administration of Paris will bo Been ns the forerunner, the John the Baptist of the heller days that will come under the cooperative commonwealth, when these
evil dnys of capitalistic misgovernment,
with its prostitution of common life,
shall have pnssed away forever.
Characterizing ns slippery and evasive the attitude of Premier John Oliver,
a mass meeting of returned soldiers,
next of kin and sympathizers, who
packed the Princess theatre, Victoria,
to its doors, recorded its emphatic support to the representations made by
their deputations early in the evening
to Premier Oliver.
The "Right to Work" Firmly Established in the
King's Name
Signs  of Spiritual  Uplift
Seen Along Pathway of
[By Clarke W. Pettipiece]
CALGARY, April 17.—Any mention
of a farm labor shortage which has been
made, or is made, certaialy does not apply to Alberta—at least, yet. At presont there is a glut in the labor market
of that commodity, large numbers of
men having been lured from tho coast,
from as far south as California. Sinco
tho "everybody works" legislation
came into effect, the city police, "by
arrangement," are in the habit of taking their "tourist" car down on thc
employment shark row, and gathering
in "out-of-works." After depositing
its load in tho "home," another trip is
made, and then another. Men thus
picked up are "remanded," with the
information that the C. P. R. will givo
them employment on road gangs, when
they got sick of being guests of the
city. Any man who refuses to work
will bo sent to prison with hard labor.
Announcement was recently made by C.
P. R. authorities, that they were in a
dilemma as to where thoy could secure
sufficient men to bring the repair gangs
to full strength. Apparently the "di-
lemmn" will now bo no moro.
A specinl meeting of the Federated
Workers' union has been called to wait
on civic authorities on behalf of members who have boen arrested in this
A conference of Alborta coal operators and miners has been called by Fuel
Controller Magrath, of the Dominion
fuel board. The fuel controller gave no
intimation of whnt the programme is,
but it is "predicted" that a war labor
board for adjustment of labor disputes
for duration of the war, is to be thc outcome of the gathering.
The waiters aro still holding out, and
are picketing unfair houses, consistently. The argument now hinges on recognition of the union, the employers steadfastly refusing to discharge tlieir present non-union help. However, the best
outing-houses nre signed up.
Five-ycor sotnences hnve been imposed on three conscientious objectors, by
Mngistrato Dnvidson, of Calgary, under
the Military Service Act. Four others
were sentenced to two yenrs, the magistrate suggesting thut men refusing to
wear the king's uniform will soon be
sent overseas under armed escort.
An amendment to the Alberta Factories Act stipulates that "no woman, except by special permission of nn inspector, in writing, shall bo employed
in anv factory, shop, office or office
building, between tho hours of 10
o'clock in tho evening nnd'8 o'clock
the following dny.
Team-owners employed by tho city
of Cnlgary from time to timo, are demanding an increase of wages from 70
conts to $1 nn hour.
The fine wool fabrics I carry now
are not now manufactured
THE Government has forbidden the British looms to turn
out heavy all-wool fabrics such as I have in stock. There
Sb positively no pure wool turned out now—only light cotton and wool.
Tho entire wool supply is being 'used to make khaki for the army. This
supply iB short, too. On the whole, conditions point to a genuine wool
THIS makes my stock of woollens very valuable, and would
warrant me in raising my prices to almost double what they
are. I have not raised them—yet. But the demand for woollen fabrics
such as mine will force me to raise them. Your $10 Tom-the-Tailor
Suit is worth fully $55 today. Get it today, for tomorrow I may have
to charge you that for it.
Men's Suits, to measure, from $30 up
Women's Man-tailored Suits,from $40 up
Ask  for  Labor  Temple  'Pbone  Exchange,
Seymour   7495   (unless   otherwise   stated)
Boilermakers—3. H. Carmiebael, Room 212,
Labor Templo.
Bridge   and   Structural  Iron  Workers—Roy
Massecar, Room 208.
Brotherhood of Carpentera, No. 617—Walter
Thomas, Room 208.
Brotherhood of Carpenters, No. 2647—J. C.
Smith, Room 208.
Butchers nnd Moat Cuttors—Thos. Anderson,
431 Seventh avenuo oast. Fair. 1674R.
Civic Employoes—W. McFarlane, Room 220,
Lnhor Tomplo.
Cooks   and   Walters—W.   McKenzie,    Room
209, Labor Temple.
Poop Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kear-
loy, 487 Gore avonue.    Office phono, Soy.
4704;   residence, High. 718R.
Electrical Workers—E. H. Morrison, Room
207,    Phone Sey. 8610.
I. L. A. Auxiliary—E. Winch, 486 Howe
street.    Phone Sey. 6359.
Longshoremon'B Association—Gordon J.
Kelly, 804 Pender Btreet west; phone Sey.
Machinists—D. McCallum, Room 212.
Moving Picture Operntors—J. C. LaChance,
Room 804.
Musicians—E. A. Jamieson, Room 805.
Pile Drivers and Woodon Bridgemen—W.
Ironsides, Room 206,%, Lnbor Temple.
Phone Soy. 8611.
Painters—H. Grand, Room 808.
Plumbers—J. Cowling, Room 206%.
Shipyard Laborers' Union—W. Hardy, Room
217, Lnbor Tomplo.
Stroet Rnilway Employees—P. Hoover, corner Main nnd Prior streots.    Sey. 6000.
Shipwrights nnd Cnulkors—J. Bromflold,
Room 212, Labor Tomple.
Steam Engineers—A. Alexnnder, Room 216,
Labor Temple.
Tonmsters—J. F. Pool, Labor Templo.
Trndes nnd Lnbor Conncil—Victor R. Mldgley, Room 210, Lahor Temple.
Mr. Union Man!
You Owe It to Yourself to Economize.
Would you consider it economical to purchase Teas
and Coffees in tins when you may have the same
value from our store at a much reduced price?
We Sell ln Bulk Only
Dickson's Teas and Coffees Are of Exceptional Value
Dickson's Importing Tea and Coffee
317 Columbia St.  Phone 613
Suit Values Can't Always Be Told
By Outward Appearance
—Dick's Suits for Men have genuine quality behind them—they
wear—they give satisfaction not only when you try them on, but
also after you've worn them.
—Dick's Suits Give Lasting Satisfaction.
Here's a
Worsted Suit—
—something for the business men
—built on models he likes—in
the style he prefers.
—good substantial West of England worsted—examine the
weave—see how good it is.
—in checks and other patterns-
guaranteed fast colors.
If you can equal this suit at this
price, bring it back and get your
money back.
Here's Something
for the Youth—
—a really up-to-date first long
pants suit.
—if you want to please that
younger young man bring him
in and let him try on one of these
—smart in appearance—tailored
and finished just as carefully as
any other suit.
—wide range of, fabrics, patterns,
$15 $18 $20
Ten per cent, reduction to Returned Soldiers on anything offered ln our store
53 Hastings Street West


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items