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British Columbia Federationist May 29, 1925

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Array BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE FEDERATED LABOR PARTY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
PUBLISHED IN INTERESTS OF AIL WORKERS
POLITICAL UNITT: VICTOBT
SEVENTEENTH YEAR;  No. 22        POUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. G, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 29,1925
6c A COPY
THE BIG SWINDLE
Oovernment Allows Banking and
Financial Interests to "Put It
Over" the People.
TO ESTABLISH CREDIT
How Payment of Publio Loans
and Interest and Commissions Are Paid.
[By J. L. T.]
rPHH   average   individual   ts   nil   too
prone to accept the present state
of things, aa the only reasonable and
just state. Though they may be suffering needlessly on the account of
our presont accepted standard, they,
consider it all the will of the A1-!
mighty. It is needless for us to go,
further than our present banking and
financial system, which we have had
adopted in this country, to prove how
simple-minded we are In allowing the
banking and financial interests to put
it over on us.
When tiie government ut' our land
desire to obtain money for any specific work they immediately take a
holiday trip to New York and confer
with Wall street, and this is how it
works: Tlie Wall street wizards tell
our representatives that they will loan
Canada $100,000,000 if they will print
some nice, clean, strong paper, with a
fancy design on it, and have it signed
by some responsible members of the
governmont of Canada. They print
on thia paper something to the effect
tliat Ihey pledge the whole of tlie
wealth of tills dominion to repay this
loan when it is due—usually in about
twenty years. (We may think we own
something in this land of ours but,
as a mattor of fact, it is mortgaged
to tho hilts,) Our representatives
agree to print this paper and call
tliem bonds. Now, Wall street gives
thom what? The right to write on
the credit sido of their ledger, the
sum of $100,000,000. Hero again, that
littlo Parasite, tho bond broker, steps
in and demands his pound of flesh.
He usually wants a tidy little sum of
a million or two for his spent energy
kin negotiating something that would
only be too glad io negotiate itself
Two million dollars, please, he whistlers. Now we get only ?08,000,ooo.
;We have to repay $100,000,000, but we
actually only get $08,000,000. Some
loss!
But this is not all. Oh, no, not by
any moans. Wo guarantee to pay in-j
terest ut the rate of 5 per cent, there
abouts por annum. That moans that
at the end of twenty years we have
paid back, in Intereat alone, tho total
amount of the loan, but we still owe
$100,000,000. Such a happy thought
especially when wo only received
credit for $1)8,000,000. At the end of
tlio twenty yeara—thus far at least,
in our history, we have not devised
any new way of meeting our obligations. We borrow again. With another broker's lee it will mean another loss of about $2,000,000, so, to
get this loan It will have tout, at the
ryid of twenty years and a day or
so just $104,000,000 while wo still owe
$100,000,000, though wo only received
$08,000,000, and all that the New York
bunkers got from Canada was a signed paper, whicli was a promise lo
pay, an obligation on our part, signed
by our representatives. When we seo
theso Wall atroet artisis taking our
paper so readily as security for tho
crodit they extend to us, It should
make ua ponder. It should, but it
doesn't!
We would suggest that we print a
few more pieces of paper of about tiie
same quality that they wore willing to
iccept down there; that we have thom
signed by responsible members of our
government; that tbe money be used
exactly the same purpose as wm
the money borrowed from New York
—in this event we would not have
lo pay broker's fees. We would further suggest that a charge of five per
ent. be made per annum, in the form
of a tax. At tho end of twenty years
wo would have all tills money taxed
back. We would owe nothing and
would have, as the result of such
§in arrangement, all, and $2,000,000
more of value or worth added to our
eountry, since we actually only receive- a part of the loan we went
after. In thia instance we would got
everything save the cost of the paper
and the printing, and men's salaries
for signing theBe little bonds. To be
sure, Juat to relieve thc minds of our
financiers, we could guarantee to burn
[the wholo $100,000,000 at the expfra-
Blon of the twenty years, or li per
cent, each year, If that would satisfy
them any better. It would be quite
immaterial to us, but we really would
not want to cause thom any needless
worry, poor chaps, they do worry
ao much! No wonder they look so
sick, all-in, down and out.
Certainly, anything would he belter than tho syatem timt wo have at
present, Our country is broke, dead
"broke, right now. All thinking financiers know It too. 'We are carrying
on, on bluff. When we add our dominion debts, our provincial, municipal and private debts together, the
payments of all of which is guaranteed by what we have in our country,
whether we think we own it or not,
Iwo aro Broke; Read Broke. Wo earn-
lestly advise onr readers to think it
mil over. The financial bunco game
'haa boen going on long enough.    It
Winnipeg and Manittoba Oovernment Spent $217,653 During
Past Winter,
Winnipeg.—The problem of unemployment in this city was a matter
of ser'ous moment during the past
winter, not alone to the unemployed
themselves, but to the taxpayer as
well. Some $217,653 was spent by
the city, of which amount the provincial government contributed approximately $56,000. For relief of unemployment ln the municipalities out-
aide of Winnipeg the government expended nearly $5000.
The cost of feeding these unfortun
ates however, was not overwhelming
as regards the individual, The per
capita cost of relief in Winnipeg waa
$15.99. The previoua winter It was
$19.54. It is hardly likely that the
average quadruped would be flattered
by having no greater amount than
this spent on his food and shelter
during the winter. Animals, after all,
are lucky. Human beings are, appar
ently, too plentiful, save in the eyes
of swindlers and transportation com
paniea.
Population and Territory of China
About six-sevenths of China's population is concentrated on one-third of
Ita area, leaving two-thirds of Its 4,
000,000   square   miles   comparatively
sparsely populated.
F. L, P. Discusses Absolute Free
Trade Between Various Units
of Empire.
LEFEAUX A CANDIDATE
Highly-Respected Member of the
Newspaper Fraternity of This
City Passes On,
On Wednesday, May 27, at 5 o'clock
p.m., there passod from this life Christopher Homewood, lato of 3632 Ontario street, a highly-respected member of Vancouver Sterootypers' Union,
No. 88, Tlie late Mr. Homewood was
woll and favorably known among the
newspaper fraternity of this city, having worked at his trade in Vancouver
for a number of years. He was for a
long time employed by The Foderationist and was connected with the
Daily World for 17 years. His health
had beon failing for tlie past year or
so, ho being compelled to leave his
work, Since then he gradually sank
and during the past few weeks lie
was bedfast, and, though he bore his
suffering witb characteristic fortitude,
it was all loo evident that tbe ond
was near. Although a native of Mer-
riton, Ontario, deceased was a pioneer
of this city, arriving here whon ho was
but two years old, being a resident for
about 33 years. As a lad lie attended
lhe Mount Pleasant public school.
Athletically inclined bo played lacrosse
wilh tbo Maple Leaf intermediates.
Beloved by all who had tlie pleasure
of bis acquaintance, lio passed away
at the early age of 35 years. His
widow nnd three young children have
tbe sincere sympathy of a host of
friends in their hour of bereavement.
The funeral will take place tomorrow (Saturday) at 3 o'clock, from the
Mount Pleasant undertaking parlor
near corner of Kingsway and Main
street, where services will be conducted by Rev. A. E. Mitchell. Interment
will take place at Mountain View
cemetery.
Important Meeting  of  District
Federation Will Be Held.
Tuesday, June 2.
T'HB coming federal election waa dia-
cussed at the laat meeting of the
Vancouver branch of the Federated
Labor Party, much dlacusalon taking
place on the programme that should
be put forward by the labor party
at this time. Possibly more difference of opinion will manifest itself
among a group of workers, when a
question of this nature ia discussed:
than ia the case with any other section of tbo peoplo, and our last meeting was no exception to the general
rule.
As it was quite likely tbat the is
suo at the next eloction would be the
tariff, a suggestion was made that tbe
labor party should put forward as
counter proposition to any scheme
that might be advanced by the other
parties, absolute free trado beteween
the various units of the empire; It
was pointed out by those favoring
this suggestion that it was just as
logical to bave tariff barriers botwoen
two different provinces in tlie dominion as It was to have a customs tariff
between, say, Canada and Australia,
or Groat Britain and Canada.
The name of W. AV. Lefeaux will
be placed before tho central council
of the Canadian Labor Party aa a
candidate for one of the ridings in
Greater Vancouver.
Dolegates to the district federation are reminded that tbe next mooting will be one of importance and
will be held in tho Holden building
on Tuesday, June 2nd. All branches
should make an effort to be represented.
Good News Ahead
TS the next issue of this
paper there 'will be an announcement of vital importance to all interested in the
building of a strong labor
movement in British Columbia. Watch for it on
June 5th! It is the biggest
thing yet attempted by Canadian labor!
IN THE BEGINNING!-! MCE "SHE
Civilization Did Not Begin Until
Men Commenced to Cooperate.
'PERSONAL LIBERTIES"
Expected to Beach U. S. Next
October When A. F. of L.
Meets at Atlantic City.
Washington.—John Wheatley, J.
Bamsay McDonald and Arthur Henderson are expected to leave tbe British Isles for the United States, some
time in October. Considerable interost is being displayed regarding their
visit and how thoy wilt be treated
by tlie American Federation of Labor.
Tlie convention will be convened in
Atlantic City in October. This will
be William Green's flrst convention a:
its new prosidont. As an atonement
in part at least, for the slight put
upon A. B. Swales, chairman of the
British Trade Union congross, at Kl
Paso last November, when lie was denounced by one of tbe publicity staff
of the Federation, tlie extending of an
invitation to the British comrados
would serve a good purpose.
Sam Scarlett at Winnipeg
Tbe workers will remember tbe
dastardly attempt mactc by the dominion governmont to deport Sam Scarlett last year, and how it was frustrated by the solidarity of the Canadian labor movement. A big demonstration wns held in tho Empress
theatre hore, at which represent.'! ■
lives from all the various labor bodies
wei'e present and spoke in no uncertain torms of tlie treatment which was
being meted out to Scarlett, After
this tbe government allowed tbe matter of deportation to drop. Sam Scarlett lectured to tbo workers in the
Playhouse thoatro at AVinnipeg on
Sunday last, May 24th.
Labor Movement In Cuba
Efforts are being made to start t
Labor Party in Cuba. The first definite step In this connection wns taken
on March 20th, when a Socialist Clui
was founded at Havana.
Much must he risk who would much
i tin in.—Schiller.
Get your workmate to subscribe Cor
The Federatloniat.
Woman
and War
■T^HOSE individuals, or groups,
■*■ wishing to get pamphlets
whicb have just recently been
printed are urged to sond in
thcir orders at once. Tbere are
only a limited number printed.
They are the following:
WOMAN AND WAB
By Mrs. Bose Henderson
10 cents.
MIND YOUB OWN BUSINESS
By George F, Stirling
5 cents.
These pamphlets are well written. They contain a wealth of
Information, and are, to soy
the very least, thought-provoking.
Send in Your Orders nt Once
Vou Cannot Afford To Bo
With.ra Them
Ifl Necessary for Individuals to
Abandon Some of Their
Individualism.
[From American Farming]
lVTOT Infrequently we hear it said that
co-operation in the end defoats itaelf; that it Is fore-doomed to failure.
This dire fate is usually uttered
against some farmer's marketing enterprise that is clearing needless middlemen and useless expense from the
direct path between producer and con
sumer. Yes, some co-operative efforts
do seem ill of mismanagement. But
to say that co-operation cannot per
manently succeed is to declare that
civilization muat fall.
Civilization did not begin until men
commenced to co-operate; its failures,
great as they havo bcen, were due to
the refusal of men to deal justly onu
with tiio otber. The first co-operative
effort among men was tlieir association into tribes to better defend themselves against their enemies. To gain
tbls production it was necessary for
tho individual members to abandon
some of their individualism. Their
"personal liberties" were abridged.
immediately it was necessary to adopt
rules regulating their association one
witli the other. That was the beginning of law-making and law- enforcement,
Civilization will cease when men
loso utterly the noble character of
honesty and thc fino art of gotting
along with tlieir neighbors. In other
worda, tbe light of civilization will
fade when men no longer co-operate.
Aro you standing In your own light?
Settled to Satisfaction of Both
the Management and
Pressmen.
After attempting for some time to
settle the dispute between the publishers and pressmen of the Pally
Province by concilliatlon, which the
publishers were not willing to agree
to, the matter culminated on Saturday
afternoon by the entire staff being
discharged.
The publishers attempted to force
an impossible condition on the men,
insisting that they change the houra
of work on Saturdays, commencing at
12 noon and terminating at 8 p. m., in
stead of as usual commencing at 9
a. m. By so doing the publishers
would have been able to print their
Saturday and Sunday editions with
very littlo extra rembneratlon. The
fact of running two issues without
two days' pay is contrary to condl*
tlons already existing throughout the
continent and all agreements now ex
latant. Because the men refused t.
bo so used without having been given
at least a chance of combatting such
a proposition, they were fired; of
course, the publishers stated they had
struck.
We  are  glad  to  roport,   howevor,
that negotiations were resumed and
settlement has been reached which is
entirely satisfactory to both the management and employees.
Hnrd Time., Where!
On Monday night last, shortly after
eight o'clock, owing to the draw in
tlie New Weatminster bridge having
to be opened, thero waa held up a
line of automobiles about five miles
long, It is reported. One cannot help
but wonder where all tiie hard times
are when ono sees such a display of
wealth, in tiie form of automobiles.
When tho bridge span opened, tho
blockado was felt ns far back aa the
Greon Timbers, on the Pacific Highway, and even beyond that. Workors
who aro fortunate enough to own automobiles are warned that, if they
j would avoid delays at the U. S. border,
< tbey must have the cards all filled In
giving a description of their cars, engine numbers, Ures, manufacturer's
number, etc. Certainly thoy should
have ail this information at band so
that In event of thoir not gelling a
card until thoy get to the customs,
Ihey cnn fill it in readily and save
much timo for themselves.
A fiOO-year lawsuit hits just boen
settled in Switzerland. They must
have good lawyers ovor there, too.
juvenile Immigrants
Juvenile immigrants brought to
Canada during 1023, 1024 and up to
February 28, 1025, numbered 4,768.
Another Big Merger—People Are
Being Slowly Strangled by
Banking Interests.
The recent merger of Royal and
Union banks involves no less than a
combined capital of $28,400,000 (Union $8,000,000, Boyal 20,400,000). The
total resources of the new Royal bank
will be In the neighborhood of $726,-
000,000. Sinco this merger haa occured the number of incorporated
banks in Canada have been reduced to
eleven. That means that the directors of these • eleven financial institutions hold in their hands the destiny of this dominion, our government
representatives notwithstanding. Gra
dually, no doubt, there will be other
mergers until such times aa there is
only one big financial institution in
the dominion. Tf our government is
still functioning by this time we might
expect the final merger. Perhaps the
one lone bank will officially take over
the dominion of Canada and operate
it in the Intereats of her shareholders.
It would appear that the present
banks are doing lhat very nicely now
although in a more insidious manner.
Certainly, the averago citizen "p Can-
ada is making little out of it now.
..■-••.•.*.* •*»*».-•-. i
HT THE LiniE THEATRE
Ian Hay's  Three - Aot Comedy,
"Tilly of Bloomsbury," a
COMPULSORY LABOR
Hen Muit Work Sufficiently for
What Tbey Spend In Ooodi
and Servicei
LAOK OF CO-OPERATION
Lucid Aniwer to Ur. Stirling 'i
Queition: "Wbat Ii Necessity of Work?"
[By J. C. Harris.]
letter    lender    the    heading.
To  Compulsory  Labor,"   by
Geo.  F.   Stirling,   published   In
fTHE
11  "AS
Mr.
A Day's Work
A day's work Ih a day's work, neither more nor less, and the man who
doos It neods a day's sustenance, n
night's repose, and due leisure,
whother he bo painter or plouRhmiui
—Bernard Shaw.
Is time for adopting a sane, sommon
sense idea in our land, Just for p.
change.
Workers! Support Your Own Press!
jQf 0 FREQUENTLY we hear workers complaining about the injustice of
" the "daily" or "capitalist" press, and about how unfair it is toward the
cause of labor—and yet they continue to give their hard-earned money to
perpetuate that institution. ,      , fM.\
YOUR   OWN   OPPRESSORS
The capitalist press today is thriving on the one and five-cent pieces of
thoughtless—-or ignorant—workers, while their own press has to struggle
against long odds in its efforts to serve them. Why be your own oppressors?
Why serve in the ranks of the enemy?
THE   REMEDY   IS   SIMPLE
If you are desirous of improving your own condition, and that of your foi*
lowmen, then support the press that is honestly endeavoring to fight your
battle for you. That is the very least you can do for your own cause.
BE   A   "REAL"   BOOSTER   FOR   LABOR
Show your own sincerity of purpose and willingness to serve by subscribing for The Federationist^the workers' friend. Pass your copy on to
aome fellow-worker after you have read it.  Urge him to subscribe.
Help The Federationist in its fight for the emancipation of mankind.
The greater our circulation, the more effectual will our efforts be. Apathy
and indifference on the part of the workers is more to be feared than the antagonism of the forces of reaction.
Be true to your cause!  Help boost your own press.
Those who witnessed lhe firat per
formance of "Tilly of Blbotnabury,'
a three-act comedy by Ian Hay at
tlio Little Theatre, t on Tuosday njfht,
were fortunate in being present, and
those who wero absent missed a rare
treat In theatricals.
This very amusing play was well
staged, superbly acted, and recoived
genuine applauso by tbe crowded and
critical audience. A "happy-go-lucky
fellow" falls in love with a girl bolow
him in social station, but she is u
"perfect jewel," Hor mother, o likeable warm -hear tod character, hns a
pronounced English accent, and her
father is a courteous gentleman
though a drunkard, Tbo family is in
poor circumstances, A, W. Rogers
was "Abel Muinwarlng, M. P.," tho
aristocratic father of tbo hero; Clare
Sumaca was a stately "Lady Main-
warlng"; Gertrude Hope Loll played
"Sylvia," tho hero's sister wbo bad
bor "fads"; Cyril .Summer made an
excellent curate aa "Bev Adrian Ry*
lands"; Grace Simpson excelled herself as a "flapper"; Melville Spouse
was a gallant "Dick," tho hero; Phyllis Roberts was :i (banning "Tilly,"
and Poggy Cartwright as "Tilly's"
younger slater "Amelia." was delightfully natural; Eunice Johnstone made
a splendid "Mrs. Gummldge"; Alice
Brewer eclipsed "Mrs, W'ehvyn";
Leonard Miller, as "Tilly's" father,
took his part well; Prank Johnstone
was humorous as a "bailiff"; W. Hunter and Harry in minor parts played
lightly. Frank Johnstone and R V
Young put on a faultless production
The Mclntyre quartette supplied excellent music.
The play will lie repealed each
evening. Those who attend the performance will be well repaid f6r m
doing,
France's Richest Man Announces
a  "Reign of Love and Liberty" at Deauville.
Pari
rlohom
no.ssei
vlllo, 0
liberty
r.—Honrl    Loiolllor,    Franco',
man and famoua beauty con*
ii*. Just I'lertctl Mayor of Doau*
.nnounces a "rolffn of love nml
"   for  thc  famous   Normandy
B. C FEDERATIONIST
Official Organ of tbe Federated Labor Party
gambling and  beach resort  Ibis n\
mor.
Tho   uncrowned   king   of   the   1'
carat salons doclared that  tho regulations adopted for Atlantic City ami I
other American resorts filled him wit)
greal amusement.
"My rules for Doauvllle," ho sab
"win be aa follows:
"1. Any girl can wear any kind o
a bathing suit she wants to, Then
will be no limit In tlie length. Inel
dentally, I may slate that I considot
Blockings ridiculous for bathors,
'_. The sky wilt be tbe lluili fo
gambling,
"3. All closing boms will be abol
IshOd. People will bo alb.wed tu _
to bed and got Up when tbey desire."
There Is no report tbat be represents labor In anyway, directly of Indirectly. It Is becoming mon- ami
more evident to most Intelligent readers   thai   such   debauchery   bas   Utile
place  In  labor circles,
nnd woalth, so often, go b
This instance Is no exooi
rule.
Debs
md It
<t lon
ichory
band.
Capo Broton Labor Candida (es
Forman Way, M, l\ I'., and l>. W
Morrison. M. P, P„ were nominated us
Labor candidates in Cape Breton east
nt a convention of tbe Labor Tart
held at Sydney last week.
The Federationist on May 8, was
particularly interesting. Mr. Stirling
raises the point as to what Is meant
by "the nation to keep accounts
with every citizen In order that everyone shall do his fair share of
necessary work." Well, I mean the
nation. I hope that the Canadian
nation, having been aroused by the
efforts of a united labor party, and,
realizing the very serious difficulties
that it is in, will demand this action
from its government. Of course, It
will have to use its government as
the instrument through which its
will must function. Tho most important point that Mr, Stirling raises
Is, wbat is necessary work? Almost
every man, as Mr, Stirling says,
would have a different answer; who
fs to decide this most important
question? Again 1 must reply, "The
nation."
Time For Agitation
If my idoas are right, we must
rely on an agitation carried on by
an intelligent and enthusiastic labor
party to turn the mind of the nation to these questions. The times
are propitious for such an agitation
becauso there is Increasing distress
and forlorn difficulties to contend
with, The lack of proportion and
of co-operation, in our efforts at
production, grows apace, which fact
is bel,ng brought home more and
more every day to each citizen. The
last man I happened to talk to spoke
of the "great difficulty" of finding
an opening for Ills one boy. The
boy would not think of going farming or mining. "Ho is well educated,
and, of courso, waited a Job in a
city." Now Canada must have farmers or perish. Are we to import
"bohunks" or Chinese to do this
menial work, or what is to bo done?
Our problems ure insistent; they literally have us by tlie throat, and to
find an answer we must.
Now, nations can be educated and
national thought swayed, as witness
ihe moulding of Germany or Franco
to militaristic Ideals; witness ibe sentiment in favor of public education
on this continent. True, we have
often decided foolishly in lhe past
and certainly we shall make many
mistakes fn tin. future; but, we may
reasonably hope thai, as we turn
our attention to lbe more Important
matters, we shall be able to act with
increasing  Intelligence.
Food, Shelter ami Clothing
For my own part, I should say
lhat the work that we should regard
as of first importance is to provido
enough decent food, shelter and
clothing for each individual citizen.
We ought to be Ui a posftion to
guarantee lo each of our people
plenty of wholesome food and
enough clothing and a decent, sanitary bouse. I think that wo should
easily reach a national agreement on
lliese primary matters, and tbat the
national conscience could bo aroused
to protest against any luxuries being
produced until these elemental wants
were mel. Probably Mr. Stirling will
agroo thus far, though be bas raised
the question as to whether "brewing
booze" would be considered a basic
Industry, Well, tho nation would
have to decide that question also, If
It was foolish enough to devote much
energy lo "brewing booze" and neglect growing enough bread nfld beef,
Ils Intelligence would be utterly un-
equal to the great task of national
co-operation, In my opinion.
More Debatable Matters
Now we come to much more debatable matters, and Mr. Stirling
offers me a list of sample industries
to pronounce sentence upon. The.
first on ihe list is stockjobbing, tn
reply, I would say that In society,
ns ot present constituted, Btockjob-
bing is necessary; but if the fades
unions will arouse themselves and
develop Into Urn guilds tbat many
peoplo hope thoy will becomo, that
is, responsible bodies able to undertake the management and control of
tho different Industries, stockjobbing
will l>e ns useless as our rudimiyits
of tails,
"Oruve-digging" is, no doubt, an
Important industry, though just at
present, 1 am thankful lo say, 1 do
nol need the services of a grave-
dlggor, and I hopo tbat Mr. Stirling
win nol need either a grave-digger
or a crematorium for very mnny
years.
Mr. Stirling thinks that "preaching" Is unnecessary, I can <>nly suppose that he moans a paid priost-
hood. I have had the great pleasure of bearing Mr, Stirling "preach"
socialism, and I hope tbnt many
others will have a similar opportunity. Darwin, Herbert Sponcer, and
many others have preached ovolu-
(Continued on Page 4) Page Two
SEVENTEENTH YEAR.   No. 22 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
British Columbia Federationist
Published every Friday by
The   Brltleh   Columbia   Federatloniat
Business and Editorial Offlce,   1129 Howe St.
The policy of Tlie B. C. Fedorationist ls
controlled by the editorial bonrd of tho
Federated Labor Pnrty of British Columbia.
Subscription Roto: United Stntes and Foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 por
year, $1.50 for six months; to Unions
subscribing in a body, 15c por member
per month.
VANCOUVER,  B.  C.
Tho Federationist is
lowing news stands*
sale at   tha  fob
VANCOUVEB
E. I. GALLOWAY 940 Qranvllle Street
KELSON'S NEWS STAND	
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P. O. NEWS STAND 325 dranvilu Street
JOHN GREEN 205 Oarrall Street
INTEBNATIONAL BOOK STOBE 	
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B.O.E.B. TBAM NEWS 	
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lOVE'S NEWS STAND	
 134 HaBtings Btreet East
WALTER GALLOWAT	
 135 Hastings Street East
FLACK BLOOK NEWS STAND	
"'.I,;.',..,., -W Hastings Street Weit
.Him   STA8B    BJasssta.
 Oor. Hastingi and Abbott Streets
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BEN TOON'S BOOK SHOP.... 421 Orutllle
BOULT'S BOOK STOBE....313-/) Cambie St.
GEORGIA CONFECTIONERY. 	
 909 Georgia Street Welt
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P. TUBNEE 915 Mlln Street
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NEW WESTMINSTEB
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VICTORIA
GREENHAUOH NEWS AGENCY	
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NANAIMO
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PRINCE GEORGE
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VERNON
 .Box 922
ly dogging one's footsteps, when oho
is In a position such as his, that lt
is a position that has littlo about It
to commend it to anyone, save the
salary that may bo attached to It.
Alcohol in any form seems to be a
hard matter to deal with in a manner satisfactory to everyone, try aB
one may.
FRIDAY MAY   29,  1S2*.
EUGENE BELLEVUE	
ALBERTA
VALLEY CONPECTIONEBY .DrumbeUer
ALEXANDER NEWS STAND 	
 204 Eighth Ave. W., Oalgary
BOSTON HAT WORKS 	
  109 Eighth tn. W., 0al|a_7
LABOB NEWS    _
 80S Centre Street, Calgary
NATIONAL NEWS  -	
 304 First Btreet W.. Oalgary
STAB BMOKE  SHOP	
 __. 126a Eighth Ave. B., Oal«aTy
UNION OIOAB STAND	
 310 Socond Ave. E., Oalgary
SASKATCHEWAN
LAYCOCK BTORES LTD Swift Current
SEATTLE. WASH.
E0BHAQT NEWS  STOBE.
WONG SING'S ABDUCTION
ONCE again a helpless individual
in a foreign, Christian, civilized
land has been subjected to a most
humiliating form ot treatment. Although such a treatment Is hardly
in nccord with our boasted teachings and professions, it is, nevertheless, quite In accord with the usual
trend of things ln this country. Were
such a treatment to be meted out
to one of our citizens, in Chi,na, we
would be urging, all with one accord,
that military Intervention be instituted on his or hor behalf. Many a
war, in our opinion, has been started
without half as good an excuse.
This unfortunate Incident is, to say
the very least, a grave reflection
upon thc good citizens of this province. It Is a stigma which will be
attached to us for many a year. Wo
sincerely hope that this unfortunate
affair may be soon cleared up, but,
If it is found that Wong Sing Is Innocent of the crimo with which ho
ls charged, we con never undo the
wrong and injustice tbat has beon
done this unfortunnte Chinaman.
TIIE BEElt PARLOUS
WE NOTE with Intorest tho many
references, both iu tlie press nnd
by citizens, regarding tho question
of Issuing licenses to those wishing
to run "beer parlors" about toW-Tl.
Here, as elsewhere, one would have
thought that competition was the
life ut trade. Wby a few Individuals should bc given tho right to
make a lot of money out of the sale
of this wonderful commodity, beer,
and not others, is beyond our com-
prehonslon, We have nothing to say
about the question of the good or
bad effects of the substance in question. Wo are all callable of forming our own opinions about that, wo
take It.
It Would appear that Commissioner
Davidson Is following tho right
courso, In principle, lo givo licenses
wherever there ls a demand for
them. Wo do not limit tho licenses
for grocery Btores; why limit them
for beer? If it should bo sold, and
wo nro going to allow lt to bo sold,
surely we havo no right to pick out
a low friends and allow them to
have a monopoly on this tnonoy-
mnlilng business. Apparently a fow
havo some friends that aro doing
well, and thoy do not want thom to
loso that delightful privilege. Or,
Perhaps, there are some making a
noise who are directly Interested In
tho profits themselves, although the
publlo may not bc awaro of It.
Wo expressed our sympathy with
Mr. Davidson ln lliese columns somo
timo ago. Wo prophesied at that
time that ho was undertaking a task
that ho would find far from being a
pleasant ono. Thoro aro always so
ma,|iy political parasites everlasting-
16 BILLION PASSENGERS
Interesting Statistics As to the
Growth of Electric Railways
in Canada and IT. S.
[From B. C. Electric Buzzer]
It seems that electric railways have
done some growing since the firat
overhead trolley system on this continent began 35 yeara ago on May 4,
at Richmond, Virginia.
From that ono line there have
sprung 945 systems in Canada and the
United States with a mileage of more
than 44,000. There are 3Q0,QQQ employees in the industry ltso|? and u£
many more employed by plants manufacturing electric railway supplies.
Then 550,000 persons own stock or
securities ln electric railways.
Altogether, six billion dollars arc
invested in electric railways and four
billions more in plants manufacturing for them,
Now, look how another phase of the
business has grown—that of serving the public:
Last year the electric railways on
this continent carried 16,000,000,000
or eleven times as many as were carried on the steam railways. How
long would they take to pass a given
point?
Likewise, the number of rides taken
by each person has increased: In 1890
the average number of rides taken
by each person was 32; in 1902 it
was 61; in 1907 it was 85; in 1912 it
was 100; in 1917 it was 109, and in
1923 It was 117.
This of course, includes rural as
well as urban population. Taking the
population of Greater Vancouver and
New Westminster conservatively aa
being 200,000, the people of this
neighborhood took an average of 300
trips each in electric cars last year.
■Which is considerable growth from
the early days of electric cars or any
where else.
Help Those Who Help You
AUR advertisers are supporting the Federationist, and
^ they expect returns. They are in business, and naturally expect to see results from their advertising. By patronizing our advertisers, the readers are at the same time
assisting the Federationist. Is it too much to ask that
those who evidently seek your patronage, and are willing
to pay for it by advertising, should receive your attention?
You should be able to judge.
If you are really ln sympathy
with labor, be .a booster. The
Federationist is out to do its bit.
Help it.
, [Note—As many enquiries reach
ithl« offlce from time to time, the editor will reserve space to deal with
I such matters, under the above heading. Communications addressed to
"Notes and Queries Editor" will be
handled as quickly as space permits.
I—Ed.J    ' 	
GEOHGE (10): You miss the
point. The claim is that Britain
has no right in India, Egypt, or anywhere else, unless the peoples want
them. Admitted that Britain can do
a lot to help and protect them,
there is -no reason why these countries should be exploited for the
benefit of a bunch of imperial capitalists.
"VV. HENDERSON: Yes, Dr. Sun
Yat-Sen, South China leader, died
on March 12th last, aged 58. He
was known as the "Father of the
Chinese Republic."
NANAIMO: (a) The only thing
to do Is to work hard in view of
an early federal election; (b) Copies
can possibly be obtained at Barnard's in your city.
DISGRUNTLED: Regret your case
Ik on all fours with others we have
heard from lately. Give us full particulars of other returned mc*\i you
refer to, in letter form, for publication.
E. HUNTER: I will give you one
fact as an indictment of tho wholo
business of private capitalism: Fred
Henderson quotes an absolute authority that in Britain, with its 47,-
000,000 people, there are 12,000,000
chronically poor. Take the trouble
to read a bit other than party newspapers—spend a Cow cents on socialistic literature, and you will have
your eyes opened a bit. We thank
your friend who gave you the copy
of thi' "Fed," which has so raised
your ire. iTou may aee n gleum of
light yot!
WHAT IS TIM-; TOILER'S SHARE
[Written for The Foderationist.]
Wealth  In the  trees of tho forest,
Woalth in the harvest Holds,
A   li-eiisure  of  gold,  ln   quarry  anil
mine,
To the toll of the workor yields.
I Jul   scanty   his   sharo   of   Nature's
gifts,
A niggardly dole, his reward,
Of the coin ho has wu;   fur his master's purse
Not a litho for hia labor hard.
He   bows   his   head   at   Ills   master's
word,
iionds in toil for bis master's gain,
Tbis earth, with its wealth of beauty
and joy,
Is fur him but a desert plain.
Are the weales of Justico balanced?
Are they hanging truo n,nd fair?
Is thc dole called wage, to the worker dealt,
A  right and  impartial share?
North aud South and East anil AVest
Aro the imn IrackB lie has laid
North nnil South and  East and West
Fly tho trains with tbe gouds  ho
has made.
O'er    the   heaving    breast    of    tbo
Ocean
Sail   tho   ahips   With   tin-   cargoes
they bear—
Vessels   and    goods,    by   the    toiler
made,
But what Is tlie toller's share?
■—Isaac Nixon.
Vancouver, B.C., May 20, 1925.
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federationist, and
no responsibility for the views sxprss-
sgd ts accepted by thp roana*ement. ]
High Tariff nnd Profiteers
Editor B. C. Federationist: As a
consumer, why should you ask me
to patronize made-m-B.C. and union-
made goods, when both wholesalers
and retailers strive to and do buy in
the cheapest markets of the World?
Our home manufacturers do likewise. They will tell you, of course,
we will buy stuff from you if you
selt it as cheap as they do ln China,
or Germany, or eve-n Eastern Can
ada. Wage-earners are told to be
loyal to their home town and to
buy everything they need here. On
the other hand, are the merchants
and manufacturers loyal to their
home town? Not a bit of it. I am
told on reliable authority that many
business firms will not even buy
their printed stationery from local
job printers, or get their clothes
made by local tailors, let alone anything else that they can get cheaper
abroad. Then there is the grasping
and inconsiderate landlords, who sock
it to their tenants to the utmost
limit every time they get a chance.
They, too, in many instances, send
abroad for everything they ineed.
Then the only really true citizens
remaining loyal to their home town
are tho much-despised wage-workers. If they were half as honest
to themselves and half as selfish
to their own personal interests as
they are to the profit-making parasites of thcir home town, they certainly would hold their hands up in
favor of absolute free trade as
against a high protective tariff of
the profiteers. Profits make millionaires of wage-baitl,ng employers
and slaves of the employed. Youra
truly, j. a. Mckenzie,
Vancouver,  B.C., May 27,  1925.
The Union Label
Editor B. C. Federationist: Workers should be imbued with the missionary work of the American Federation of Labor, and carry the message of organization to all the unorganized. Also the union label campaign, in concatenation with the organizing spirit of activity, is an indication of progress which should be
supported by alt unionists to the
limit. The union label is emblematic of honorable a^id equitable dealing as between employers and employees. Let the slogan be: "Patronize the union label."
UNIONIST.
Vancouver,  B.C., May 21,  1925.
"Timo  Units"  Vs.   "Gold  Currency"
For Wages
Editor B. C. Federationist: In your
editorials of May 1st, in which you
sum   up   the   progress—or,   rather,
lack of progress"—of the socialist
movement, you Bay: "It Is one of the
tenets of socialism that capitalism
holds within itself the germ of its
own destruction." This is perfectly
true, but I very much doubt whether
most socinlists can put their finger
on lhat "germ" and say "here it is."
We (and I am speaking as a socialist)   have   always   blamed   lt   on
private ownership"—and It is evident that you still put the blame
there — but   privato    ownership    in
things" would not matter one red
cent if it did not carry with it private ownership in the lives of other
men.
This Is made possible solely by
our medium of exchange. Exchange
via a commodity (gold). As workers we exchange work with one a,n-
olher—work and nothing else—all
outside that being contributed by
naturo—-but we do not exchange direct, Wo exchange worlt for wages
(gold currency), und then exchange
wages (gold currency) for other
work. It ought to bo self-evident
lhat this process places uh solely at
the mercy of those who control the
currency, If this currency ropre-
sontod "work," and nothing but
work, measured in time units, It
would be absolutely impossible for
privato ownership of "things" to
carry  with  it control  of  human   life.
Yours   very  sincerely,
W.   E.   PEIRCE.
Lake Hill,   B.C., -May 25,   1925.
Fred. Wallace, 1010 Main street,
was victimized to tho extent of $3,
743 by confidence men. There seems
to bo no scarcity of "con" mon In tho
city of late, judging by thoir victims.
Money i.i no respector of persons, ami
would, apparently, as soon be in tin
hands of one as anothor.
In this instance tho "con" men wore
apparently quito suave and of a sym
pathetic turn of mind, hut their sym
pathy was not of the remunerative
type, Tho workors can well sympathise with thc vicllins for Ihey arc
so used to being swindled out of their
hard earned cash that they know how
It goes. In their case it is usually the
boss, tlm landlord or lho loan companies who get theirs, Tho effect,
however, is Just the same, when it
comes to mooting iholr obligations.
No naval or military attaches arc
being appointed by Mexico lo any
Mexican embassies.
The Federatlonist is out to hell
the workors. There Is no nobler
work. Join us In the light. Get
your friends to subscribe.
TROUBLE IN IRELAND
Strikes at  Dublin — Police and
Pickets Fight —Judge Says
Latter Should Be Shot.
Late advices state thai there are
half-a-dozen minor strikes at Dublin
—electricians, motoi' .drivers, carters,
grocers' and shop assistants. The
grocers' assistants are very militant,
and the pickets are in constant conflict with the polico, The assistants
ure fighting io raise tho wages of
women workers, who are badly paid.
The strikers are fairly solid, but With
the exception of the Worki. l's' UhiOn
of Ireland which has withdrawn its
carters and cut the supplies from
the shops and have not conceded the
terms of the workers, the unions are
allowing their men to blackleg.
Four men are to stand trial for
Intimidation and destruction of prtr-
perty. The judge congratulated the
Labor party on Its acceptance of the
Freo State Law and ils peaceful" attitude.
Another judge told a picket that not
only should strikers not be allowed to
picket, but that they ought to be shot
for picketing.
Printers To Be Enter! [lined
Printers attending the American
Legion national convention at Omaha,
Neb., next September will be entertained by Omaha Typographical Union, No. 190, at centrally located club
rooms, it has been announced by V.
B. Kinney, secretary of the union. All
guests of the convention will be welcomed at the printers' headquarters,
but the rooms will be maintained especially for reunions of the typos. Of
the 70,000 union printers in the country during the World War, 7,343 saw
service and 251 were killed in action.
Names of all the printers who served
In the v/ur are being inscribed on a
bronze tablet, which will be placed in
the Union Printers' Homo at Colorado Springs or in the new headquarters building of the International
Typographical union in Indianapolis.
It is In the hour of success that
democracy is most tried.—Alfred
Barnes, British Labor M. P.
Help the press that's helping
you. The daily, capitalist press
is no friend of yours, comrade!
Why help it?
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. C.
Czechoslovakia
Glove Industry.—The workers in
the glove industry have made anew
request for a twenty per cent, increase
in wages, giving as their reason there
for the increased cost of living.
Ecuador
New Cotton Mill.—A cotton mill has
been recently erected at Atuntaqul by
a stock company having a capital
of 1,500,000 sucres and 500,000 sucres
' reserve fund. The company expects
eventually to havo three textile mills
in Ecuador which will employ approximately 900 hands.
England
Housing Shortage.—Olbury, a manufacturing town with a population of
about 37,000 inhabitants, situated between Birmingham and Wolverhampton in the almost completely Industrialized "Black Country" has since
the war beon suffering from an acute
housing shortage, as has been the case
with nearly all English oitlre.
Italy
Rising Labor Wage Scale.—In con
cert with the rising cost of living in
Naples, there has been a marked upward tendency in the labor wage scale,
with many factories granting bonuses
in addition to increased wages.
New Zealand
Waterside Unrest. — Considerable
trouble has been recently experienced
between waterside employers and employes at several Now Zealand ports,
resulting in a severe retardation to
shipping.
Norway
Unemployment.—Recent  reports of
Norway's official employment agencies
show that unemployment has dropped
somewhat during the past two months.
Portugal
Unemployment.—Owing to the improvement in the industrial situation
in the Oporto district, it is estimated
that there has been a decrease of approximately forty-five per cont in tho
number of unemployed persons sinco
the close of the year 1924,
Scotland
Coal Industry.—The depression reported In the coal Industry during the
last quarter has continued into the
present month and Is still more marked, with a falling off of demands
both at home and abroad,
Sweden
Unemployment.—The number of
unemployed in Sweden oi\ March 1,
1925, was reportod as 21,600, as
against 20,600 on February 1, 1925.
The number of unemployed reported
on March 1, 1924 was 15,900, which
shows a slight increase of unemployment In 1925. Metal and machine
workera comprise the majority class
In the total number of unemployed.
IV
DEAF?    Deaf?
OW you can mingle with your friends without that cmbarrai.Bini.nt which
ovory deaf person suffors. Now you can tako your placo in tho social busi*
ness worlds to which your talents entitle you, and from which your affliction
hus in some mensure excluded you.
Inasmuch as over 500,000 users havo testified to tlio wonderful results obtained
from tho "Acousticon," we feel perfectly eafo in urging evory deaf peraon,
without a penny of expenae, to accept the
"acousticon" _.v__r'
PITMAN OPTICAL HOUSE
EVERYTHING FOB THE ETE AND EAR
616 Haetlngs Street West, Vancouver, B.O.
Do not sit at home and talk if you
want reforms; go out and clamor for
them.— Ludy Astor.
OTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
" McClary's, Pawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
Have You a Friend?
To whom you would like us to send a sample copy of
the British Columbia Federationist
SEND US HIS NAME AND ADDRESS
We want NSW READERS—Help us to get them
—USB THIS COUPON—
I have a friend whom I think could be induced to subscribe
to tlio British Columbia Federationist.
sample copy to thc address below:
Please send him a
NAME
ADDRESS
CITY	
PROVINCE..
Corporation of the District of South Vancouver
PUBLIC NOTICE
Tl | io Council of the Corporation or the District of South Vancouver arc calling meetlngH at the following times and places,
to explain and discuss tbe ngreement re annexation which you
will be called to vote upon on lbe 20th dny of June next. Freo
expression of opinion Is Invited.
TUESDAY, JUNE 2nd—McBrido School, 29th Avenue and Cul-
Inilen Street, 8  p.m.
FltlDAY, .lUNIO 5th—Sexsmith School,  Gist  Avenue nnd  Ontnrio Street,  8  p.m.
MONDAY, tTUNK 8th—Seoord School, 61st Avenue and Victoria
Street, 8  p.m.
WEDN1CSDAY, -TUNE ioih—fi. w. V. A. Hull, Kingsway and
Joyce Road, 8 p.m.
FlttDAY,   JUNE   I2Ul—Odd   Fellows'   Hall,   3f)lh   Avenue   and
Main Street, 8 p.m.
MONDAY, JUNE I5i!i—Selkirk School, 22nd Avenue and Commercial Stroet, 8 p.m.
WEDNESDAY,   JUNE   mil—Victoria   Uoad   Community  Hall,
41th  Avenue nnd  Victoria Street,  8  p.m,
FRIDAY, JUNK lOlh—Munlolpal Hall, 48rd Avenue and Frasor
3ti*eoti 8 p.m.
WM, T. RILEY, Comptroller;
Bryan Is on a Crusade—He Galls
Scientists "Dishonest
Scoundrels."
A recent Philadelphia, Pa., pr
despatch says that "William Jennings
Bryan ln an address at Westchester
at the third annual interdenominational conferenco on fundamentals
said the scientists of America are
"dishonest scoundrels." He then announced that he was on a crusade to
rid the schools of scientists. His
startinp point is Dayton, Tennessee.
Bryan haa been chosen to represent the Christian Fundamental Association in a fight against the teaching of evolution in the public schools
of Tennessee.
In Tennessee there is a law prohibiting the teaching of evolution.
J. T. Schopes, a school teacher In
Dayton, Tenn., is charged with violating this law. Bryan will tako the
role of championing the holy bible
against the scientists.
Retires on a Full Salary!
Columbus, Ohio.—Unuike the average worker, who usually retires on an
empty stomach, or charity at the old
folks home, President W. O. Thompson of Ohio stato university, will re-
tiro from active service, November
5th., tliis yoar, and become president
emeritus for life at his present salary
of J10.000 a year. Labor would urge
that this principle be carried Into aU
lines of work. They .do think that it
is a good Idea, and would unhesitatingly givo their support to any such
scheme, should the bosses see their
way clear to adopt It.
Emmlgrnnts Leaving Camilla
According to United States records
of the Immigrntion department for
the years 1910 to 1920, there were
7-12,189 Canadians who left Canada lo
go to the U. S. as immigrants. And
the exodus has been continuing at an
alarming extent every year since.
From July, 1924, to March, 1925, they
numbered 82,515, as compared wilh
146,780 in tho same period a year ago.
Phon* Seymour 2354
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
SUITB 801, DOMINION BUILDING
VANOOUVBB. B. C.
LONG-DISTANCE IS
CHEAPEST AT NIGHT
JVFEW night rates are
now in force for longdistance conversations between 8:30 p.m. and 7
a.m,
B. C. Telephone Company
POSTAGE STAMPS
CASH PAID POR OLD P08TAGE STAMPS
—Especially on original envelopes; do not
detach, but sond entiro envelopo by registered mall to Adelbert Porter, Santa Ana,
California.
Not Many Understand
How many men and women out of
every thousand really understand all
about the League of Nations, the latest
coal conference, the fundamentalist
dispute, the Dawes plan, the French
troublo with the Itiffs, tlie Spanish
war with the Moors, the Primo de
Rivera dictatorship, tiie Mussolini regime, the Painleve programme, the
American sugar tariff, the railroad
merger idea, and a dozen more hlg
and important things of that general
nature? How many? Heally, not
many, in spite of all our newspaper^, '
magazines and books.—Montreal Lnbor World.
  1
The good of ancient times let others \
stato; , _
I think it lucky I was born so late. t|
—Sydney Smith
A mnn may live in dreams and yet
be unprepared for their realization.—
Robert Louis Stevenson.
Society is barbarous until every industrious man can get bis living without dishonest customs.—Emerson,
LADIES KNOW
JUST whero to go for biggest values in
wearing apparol.    At the  "Famous"
IiriceB   are   kopt   always   low   by reason
of   our   BUYING   POWER—ability    to
snnp  np special   buys at  big   discount!..
COMPARE our values 1
Famous SS^'S..
619-623 Hutinga Street West
Insist on
CASSIDY
II*' VOU AHE LOOKING l'Olt
THE BEST
GENERAL PURPOSE
Coal
,T IS Ioiir; lnstlilg for furnace
*-- nml rnnffo use, yet eaay to
start. It has this combination
of qualities which none other
possesses.
Minea on Vancouver Island
nt Cussldj* by
Granby Consol.
Mining, Smelting and
Power Co. Ltd.
Soy.
Offloo, lllrl.s lllrt».
nil Vancouver, IJ. c.
DEAFNESS
 1 IN  THE   HEAD
AND   NASAL   CATARRH < ,
Can Be Relieved J
The new Continental Remedy oiled
"LAKMAI.ENE"  (Regd.)
Is a simple, harmless home treatment
which absolutely relieves deafness,
noises in tlio head, etc. Nd ezpen-
fllve appliances needed for tbis new I
Ointment, instantly operates upon the
affected parts with complete and per
manent success. Scores of wonderful cases reported,
RELIABLE TESTIMONY
Mrs. E. Crowe, of Whltehorae
Road, Croydon, writes: "I am pleased to tell you that tho small tin of
ointment you sent to me at Ventnor
has proved a completo success, my
hearing Ib now quite normal and tbe
horrible head noises have ceased.
The action of this new remedy must
bo very remarkable, for I have been
troubled with theso complaints for
nearly 10 years and havo had some
of the very best medical advice, together with other expensive ear instruments, all to no purposo. I need
hardly say how very grateful I am,
for my 'life has undergone an entire
change."
Try ono box today, whieh can be
forwarded to any address on receipt
of money order for 91.00. There is*
nothing better at any price. Address
orders to Manager "LARMALENE"
Co., Deal, Kent, England.
TO THE MEMBERS OF
LABOR
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ARTICLE XXIV
T TP TO this point in our Inquiry we
^ have been dealing entirely with
the "fact" ot organic evolution. Con-
corning this, aa has ueen repeatedl>
pointed out, all biologists are in ful
agreement. No .doubt at all exists
in their minds about the fact or prin
clple of organic evolution itself, notwithstanding the statements to the
contrary which are constantly being
made by anti-evolutionists.
Evory year that has passed since
the publication of Darwin's "Origin
of Species" has brought additional
proof of tho truth of his illuminating
doctrine, until today no scientific fact
is so well-attested or so firmly-established as that of organic evolution.
Differences of opinion among biologists arise only when they are dealing with the "factors' of organic evo
lution; that is with the causes or
agencies which underlie and bring
about the changes and mutations that
we know by the paUeontological record to have taken place in the organic world in the past, or which w
may see still taking place there today.
With respect to these there is admittedly not the same unanimity of
opinion among them; and from what
we have learned of the subtle nature
of these factors this could hardly bo
expected. . The whole question has
proved to be an exceedingly coinpli
eated and perplexing one. It bristles
from ond to end with natural difli
culties; and because it is susceptible
of approach and Investigation from
more than one angle it has come
about that division of opinion has
arisen among biologists according as
tbey have regarded the subject from
this or that view-point, or laid stress
upon this or that aspect of it.
Moreover many matters that wero
taken for granted when Darwin's "Or
igln of Species," first appeared have
since become questions of lively de
bate and contention. Many of these
still remain unsettled,
Thus, for example, Darwin, follow
ing Lamarck, never questioned the
view then commonly held, that all
modifications or new characters ap
pearing In, acquired by, an organism
pearlng in, or acquired by, an organism could bo transmitted to Its offspring, and so be perpetuated. Such
transmission he took for granted as
Lamarck had before him.
The theory of evolution as conceived by Darwin contained within
it three great principles or factors:
First, Variation; second, The Struggle
for Existonce; third, Natural Selection
Variability in organic forms was
seen by Darwin to be a fundamental
fact in tho life-realm and upon this
he founded his great generalization.
Under the operation of the law of
Variation the offspring of an organ
ism exhibited a tendency to depart
from the parental type. If tho change
or modification thus arising happened
to be favorable to the offspring in the
struggle for existence it gave them an
nd vantage over less-favored forms
The principle of Natural Selection
or os it is otherwise expressed, the
Survival of tho Fittest, here operating
would ensure their survival and per
pet nation, while the others would pass
out of existence. As Darwin saw it,
plants and animals, because of their
remarkable ability tc quickly multiply and propagate themselves in their
natural state, are subject to an in
cessant and koen struggle for exist
ence. There is hardly a single or
ganism we know whose offspring, if
all were permitted to live, would not
in a few generations fill the whob
world and choke out all other life
forms.
"We saw in an earlier chapter how
one little Slipper animalcule coul
alone, in fivo years if all its progen
had boen permitted to live, have
brought into being a volume of pro
toplasm 10 times greator than tin
volume or the whole globe. Life it
both plant and animal form, undei
natural conditions Is exceedingly In
surgenl. Life-forms multiply prodlg
lously. The number of seeds produced
by somo of tlio more prolific plan I'j
reach enormous figures. A tobaceu
plant will produce In one season as
many as 800,000; Home weeds as mnny
as n half million. Darwin found thnt
the capsule of the orchid Mnxlllnrl;
produced 1,750,000 seeds nud Aero
pera 74,000,000 per plant. Bower has
pointod out the marvellous productivity of ferns. The common Shield
Fern Is capable of producing In i
single season from 50,000.000 to 100.
000,000 spores; and a single leaf of
the genus Arata „,800,000: whilst
Angloplerls has been known tn produco 4,000,000,000 spores from one
leaf.
A single microbe. Bacillus (tubulin,
can divide itself and become two hi
twenty minutes; and, if this binary
fission ho permitted to go un unchecked, a single one of those bacilli
could produco 134,000,000 microbe,
overnight, A codfish is cnpnblo of lay
Ing 4,500,000 eggfl in a single season
Tho American oyster lays ou an av
erage 10,000,000 eggs. If all thosi
hatched out and produced oysters, tie
progeny of a single ono would it
fivo generations give rise to tho in
credible number of 00, followed bj
33 naughts, and the mass or shells
thus produced would be eight times n
grent as tho mass of tbe earth
In nature, undor such Ireniendoi
productivity, It is clear that every li
dividual tire-form muftj he subjected
to a fierce competition urn only wit!
lhe members or Its own species, bul
with every other organism, The
struggle for existence Is thus very
sharp nnd bitter; and only those r.**.
ganisms which have, gained some advantage over their fellows can possibly maintain their existence and per
petuate their kind. All favorable vor
lations, therefore, no matter how
light, arising in an organism, give it
a decided advantage in the life-struggle over those not so favorably modified.
Thus Natural Selection working upon advantageous variations, was conceived by Darwin to be tbe efficient
causo In the production and perpetuation of new forms. Variation in a
given direction once arising, he held,
would continue in that direction and
thus each generation would contribute
its share of favorable changes however small; the sum total of which
would, In course of time, result in
the evolution of new characters and
now species.
The essence of the doctrine of organic evolution in the Darwinian
sense, is Just this: That small, even
Infinitesimal, changes or variations
carried on continuously from generation to generation over long periods
of time would in the end result in
new and distinct species. This is the
doctrine of organic evolution as enun-
ciated by Darwin, and this in brief is
his conception of the origin of species.
But, as all students of evolution
now know this view no longer stands
alone. It shaves the field today with
a number of others.
One of the best known of these Is
the "Mutation Theory," otherwise
known as the doctrine of "Discontinuous Evolution". This veiw regards
evolution as proceeding by sudden
leaps and bounds rather than by the
slow, continuous modifications favored by Darwin,
Tho outstanding protagonists of the
"Mutation Theory" are de Vrles In
Holland. Morgan In America and
Bateson in England.
This concept of tbe evolutionary
process is based upon the fact that
conspicuous mutations appear at times
suddenly in plants and animals; and
that these often display characters so
strange and distinctive as to force us
to regard thom as new forms or spe
cles. De Vrles' Evening Primrose, referred to In the second chapter, is i
case in point. But a still more charac
teiistlc instance is the way in which
the "Ancon" breed of sheep came Into existence, This was brought about
in the following manner:
There was a farmer living In one
of the New England States a few
generations ago named Aeon. He
possessed a flock of long-legged sheep,
the only type then known in that part
of tho country. These sheep gave their
owners great trouble to keep them
within their fields, their long legs
making it easy for them to leap the
fences. Ancon going through his
flock one day with a neighbor in
lambing time, discovered that one of
his ewes had dropped a strange looking lamb quite unlike any of the
others. It was characterized by a
long, otter-like body nnd extremely
short legs.
Regarding it as a monstrosity he
was about to knock it on the head and
put it out of existence, when his
neighbor checked him and suggested
that as the creature was a ram lamb
he should keep it and breed with it;
and ln that way he might produce
a new, short-legged typo of sheep
which would be more easily kept within bounds.
Favoring the suggestion Ancon kept
the lamb and bred with it, and in ths
course of a few yenrs produced a
distinctly new type of short-legged
sheep. This became tbe favorite
breed in that part of the country until the introduction later of the merino
sheep, whose superior wool and equal
ly quiet habits caused it tn oust and
replace tho coarse-wooled Ancon
breed.
Darwin, while admitting the possibility of new typos arising In this
way, remained of tho opinion that the
evolution of new forms or species had
beon by way of slow but continuous
and progressive changes over long
periods of lime, rather than by sudden
saltations; that under natural conditions discontinuous evolution of this
kind rarely If ever occurred; and that
such mutations or the kind us we'
had knowledge ot were most probably due to Influences arising out of
domestication nnd artificial conditions of life, he Vri.'s. while still
holding lhal new forms might and did
at tlmos suddenly arise in nature, wns
Inclined upon further study of the
subjeet lo admit thai evolution probably worked in the main by the Darwinian method rnther than by sudden
and sporadic leaps; n view thai is
strongly supported by the palroonto-
logical record, whicli certainly seems
to reveal to us a long succession of
slowly-changing forms, gradually advancing In complexity ol' structure,
higher organization and increased
functional scope.
Since de Vrles* experiments with
the 13vonttig Primrose, however, Morgan. Bnteson and oilier Investigators
have shown that sudden mutations
have probably played n more Import
ant part in Ihe evolutionary process
than Darwin was Inclined to admit:
nnd today it Ih pretty generally conceded by biologists that both views
must be takon Into consldoratloi
whenever lbe question of tho origin of
species comes under discussion,
As will readily bo seen there is no
great opposition between "Continuous" and "Discontinuous" evolution.
Tho two concepts ore merely two
different ways of accounting ror the
same thing—the rise of new forms
or species. The latter accepts equally
with the former the fact of evolution
Itself. Theie is no question on llil*-
polni. between the two schools of opinion.
And sn ll |s with nil the other views
propounded,   Not one of thom culls
in question the fundamental principle
of evolution. They deal only with
Darwin's conception of the causes
which He at the back of the evolutionary process, His critics mostly
sought to add to his theory; to supply what it appeared to them to be,
lacking in; to strengthen it at the'
points where it seemed to be weak.
Their criticisms have thus been on the
whole constructive, rather than destructive; a point which seems to have
been entirely overlooked or misrepresented by those opponents of evolution who are so fond of declaring
that Darwinism has no place in modern biology.
This Is nowhere more plainly shown
than ln August Weismann's theory
of "Germinal Selection and the Continuity of«the Germ-plasm". Weismann was one of Darwin's most btil
liant disciples and ah outstanding figure in biology in the Inst century. His
study of the law of Heredity led him
to take views concerning the origin
of species, and particularly tho transmission of "acquired characters,"
fundamentally different from thos-s
held by either Darwin or Lamarck;
and as there is just now a strong
tendency on the part of some of the
younger biologists to return to a mod
ifled form of Lamarcklsm it may be
well here to briefly outline the views
held by Lamarck on these two points.
The key-note of Lamarck's theory
of the origin of species lies in the
term "Adaptation," In other words ln
the adaptive response made by the
organism to the circumstances or
changing conditions of its environment. According to him new functions and new structures evolved as
the needs of the organism called them
forth. He conceived that the initial
urge towards change came from without the organism and not from within; and that new functions and characters thus acquired in response to
this urge were thereafter transmissible and wholly governed by the
principle of "Use and Disuse".
Thus for example, the long neck
of the present-day giraffe might be
conceived to have arisen from a
change in its habit of securing its
food. A lack of its usual food supply
may have caused it to seek its sustenance from the foliage of the trees
over its head rather than from the
ground or from low bushes. Such a
habit once engendered would have a
tendency to elongate its neck; and
each generation passing on to the
next its own additional growth in this
direction, the final result would be
the evolution of its present long neck.
The loss of the hind-legs of the whales
and the limbs of the snakes may be
regarded as illustrating how "Disuse'
acts. And while the long neck of
the giraffe most probably was ovol
ved quite otherwise than as here suggested by Lamarck, there can be
Uttle doubt, we think, that the adaptive responses of organisms to environmental conditions and changes
have played an Important part in
organic evolution, though not, per
haps, exactly along the lines imagined by Lamarck.
We saw instances, for example, of
the influonce upon function' of
changes In environment, in the meth
ods of reproduction adopted by certain frogs and salamanders, In at:
earlier chapter; and recent experi
ments by Kammerer, the Austrian
biologist and others, have shown
clearly that adaptive responses to al
tered conditions of Ufe may and do
result in the appearance of deep
seated bodily modifications; and that
thoso are transmissible to the next
generation. Wo will speak of somo of
these experiments a little later.
Darwin   rather  scoffIngly   rejected
this theory of the origin of species
favor   of   bis   own,   namely:   Natural
Selection.
Taking tho tendency which he ol;
served in organisms to vary—whicli
Lamarck seems to have overlooked-
and seeing it controlled and directed
by Natural Selection, he erected upon
this the doctrine which we now as
soclato with his nnme.
But "Natural Selection," us a eau
sal agency in evolution, as Weismann
was at pains to point out, suffered
from a fundamental defect. It failed
to inform us how or why variation
arose. Natural Selection, it Was
shown* could not originate new char
actors. It could only select and fo
vor them after tbey had once arisen.
Under Darwin's theory of evolutioi
the causal basis of variation remained
unexplained; and Weismann early
saw that no substantial progreu lti
onr knowledge of the evolutionary
process could bn made until we hnd
learned something more concerning
tho underlying causes or Vnrlalion am
the physical basis of Heredity; am
Me set liiniHoir the task of invesllgn*
Ing the problem of evolution from
these points or \ lew.
His major contributions to the doctrine of organic evolution wore 111*
two great theories of "Germinal He*
loctlon" And tho "Continuity of th.
Oorm-PIasm". His concept of "Germinal Selection" does not really rui
counter to Darwin's "Natural Selection" ns has sometimes been stilled
It rather augments and supports I"
by supplying just thoso causal elements lt was lacking in, Darwin gave
ns Natural Selection working on spontaneous Germinal Variation, without
indicating how this variation arose.
Weismann stepped in nnd gave us the
alternative or supplementary concpi
of "Germinal Selection' working upon
the principle of germinal coritlnultj
and Independence nf the germ-plasm,
It Is In this second concept only that
we find any conflict arising between
himself nnd Darwin, and Lamarck.
He held that tho germinal material,
or germ-plnsm as he culled It, which
starls the offspring of nny organism
owes Its virtue to the fact thnt it
materially continuous with the germinal matter from which the parent
parents arose; and thnt in this w
there Is an unbroken continuity of
generation.
He  argued   thUS!     Tn   the   develop
menl of lbe individual a part of th
Greek Government Troops and
Refugees FaU to Break
General Tieup,
A late press despatch from Athens
says that the Greek government has
decided to introduce troops and unemployed refugees to break a general
railway strike that is holding up thc
country.
Sympathetic action has been threatened by other unions, including the
dockers. The government officials
have their own "war" on with the
government, and have been attacking
tho lattor bitterly in the press.
The government has threatened to
'use all the means and resources at
ts disposal to cope with the situation."
Tho railway strikers are solid and
negotiations with the government
have broken down. Few trains are
being run—by government organized
scabs, troops etc.
germ-plasm contained in the parent
egg-cell is not used up in the construction of the body of the offspring
but is reserved unchanged for the for-
mation of the germ-cells in the following generation. Under this view
the parent is not regarded as the producer of its own offspring but rather
as the guardian or trustee of the
germ-plasm from which the offspring
under suitable conditions will arise.
This germ-plasm is thought to lie in
tho nucleus of the life-cell, and is
identified with the chromosones of
the nucleus. In reproduction this
germ-plasm is set aside and located
in the sex-glands, where it Is supposed to remain, quite free from the
vicissitudes of the body cells, till the
period of sexual maturity of the in
dividual.
Weismann looked upon the somatic or body cells as separate and
distinct from, and less complex than,
the germ-cells, and as lacking the
power of reproduction which was the
peculiar property of the germ-cell
alone. With him the germ-plasm was
the material basis of heredity, the
carrier or medium by which our herlt
able qualities aro passed on. He held
that all new characters which arisi
In the evolutionary process are due
to releases of the inherent, potential
power of the germ-cells; that the
flrst primordial germ-cell had inher
ent within It all the possibilities of
organic evolution.
It follows as a natural corollary
from this that any changes or modi
flcatlons of the body-cells taking place
during the life of the Individual are
not transmissible, the offspring inheriting only from the germ-cell and
not from the body-cells, the chromosomes being alone the carries of heredity.
Subsequent researches Into the nature of .the nuclear elements and of
the part played in inheritance by the
chromosomes indicate that Weismann's theory of heredity has behind it a substantial background of
truth; but that in denying tho possibility of the somatic or body cells
having any reproductive or regenerative power he clearly fell into the error of overstating his case and went
beyond the facts.
(To be continued)
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The Federationist will be pleased to receive News Items, as well as Manuscripts bearing upon the Labor Question in Its Widest Application
to Society Today.
Sample Copies may be obtained from the representative of the B. C. Federationist, who will also be pleased to receive copy and subscriptions for the
paper, by undersigned.
JUST RECEIVED
THE OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE BRITISH TRADE UNION DELEGATION TO RUSSIA-234 pages, with Maps and Illustrations. Price, $1.50
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Book Seller and Stationer
63 COMMERCIAL STREET, NANAIMO, B. C. Page Four
SEVENTEENTH YEAR.    No. 22 BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVER, B. C.
FRIDAY MAY  tt,  19
Farmer - Labor
The time has come when these two great groups must unite-
There must be a greater understanding of each others problems
BOTH GROUPS ARE BEING EXPLOITED. BOTH ARE BEING ROBBED OF THE
FRUITS OF THEIR LABOR. BOTH ARE FEELING THE PINCH OF PRIVATION,
SOME OF ACTUAL DESTITUTION. FOR EVERY EFFECT THERE IS A CAUSE. WE
KNOW THE EFFECT; LET US SEEK THE CAUSE AND ERADICATE IT.
THERE never was a time in the history of the Dominion of Canada when the Farmers
were finding it harder to bear up under their burdens than they are today. Why
do such conditions exist? There is to be found in this Province of British Columbia
soil that is unsurpassed for its productivity; a climate that is well adapted for the growing of an unlimited variety of farm products; the farmers themselves are a thrifty, industrious, hard-working group. As the result of all this, there are grown in this province
fruit and vegetables and other farm products, world famed for their quality and appearance.
In spite of all this, such a state of affairs as is depicted in the following, taken from
the Duncan report, published by the Department of Labor of the Dominion of Canada, exists.
TELLING EXCERPTS
Extract from a letter from A. C. Stephens at Vernon, who was collecting Summerland
accounts *
"To W. E. Carruthers, Nash Supervisor, Calgary, Alta.:
"I sure stepped into a nest of hornets there, without knowing where I was going till I was up against them. The way
feeling is running down there it is a wonder I got anything at
all. Charlie Brosi was well spoken of, and the mutual organization generally, but it was largely a matter of a lot of them being
right up against it, watching their families starving, and they
just naturally turned 'red.' It is a bad time to ask a man for
money or for a note."
Another extract: Mr. Snow, of Mutual Limited (Vancouver), writing to Carruthers, states as follows: "The writer is
meeting the local growers daily, who are talking as though they
were a bunch of starved Russian refugees."
Mr. Snow, to Mr. Carruthers, further quotes: "Do not think
for a moment it gives the writer any pleasure to advance money
to the growers. We would have been much better today if we
did not have to worry about some of the advances we are continually being asked for. You ask if they are absolutely broke
at Victoria. We do not see any difference between the Growers
over there and those in any other place, only that they are just
bent, not broke."
PLAYING ONE AGAINST THE OTHER
The people who have been living off the farmer and the industrial worker have been
playing the one against the other. Long tirades have appeared in the public press for the
consumption of the farmer, pointing out the short working hours and high wages which the
city worker, it is claimed, through the medium of his various trade unions, has been able
to command. This was the "red herring" that was drawn across the trail to divert the attention of the farmer from his real exploiters.
When, as is admitted by all, there is such a marked difference in price between that
paid by the worker for the farmer's products, and that received by the farmer for those
products, it is evident that the worker is little, if any, better off. It is obvious that a large
amount of this "spread" is being absorbed along the way and in a manner that works
equally to the disadvantage of both the worker and the farmer alike. Evidently the farmer
is beginning to see this, as is shown by the following communication received by the Duncan
Commission from a grower:
A RANCHER'S INVESTMENT
"* * * A rancher's investment brings him no interest, small or large, and his time is
counted for nothing. Yet we go to Vancouver and elsewhere and see with our own eyes
our fruit being sold at very high prices—yet we dare not spend a cent other than for dire
necessities. * * * We must go on working or let our ranches die, or go elsewhere and
earn money, as several are doing right here (I could give their names) to live and pay help
to keep the trees alive."
m
CO-OPERATION
Another thing that the farmer is beginning to see is the benefits that accrue to him
through co-operation. The following extract from the Duncan report: "The producers of
British Columbia may be classified as organized and unorganized, and are known as co-operatives and independents. The co-operative associations, which represent an achievement in
organization, have made possible what slight amelioration there has been in the condition of
the growers. The independents are enabled in some cases to avoid certain of the overhead
to which the co-operatives are subject, but, in so doing, they take the benefits created by
their fellow-growers without contributing to the cost; and, in many cases, by their unregulated marketing seriously disorganize the market for both parties. Like some fungus, they
sap the strength of the tree which shelters them."
FARMER AND INDUSTRIAL WORKER
The problem that confronts alike the farmer and the industrial worker is how to free
themselves from the control of the big financial interests that are today robbing them of
the fruits of their labor, without rendering any necessary service to society. As the necessary factors in production, there are two parallel paths by which the farmer and the worker
must proceed to become the masters of their own destiny. First, through co-operation in the
production and distribution of the fruits of their labor. Second, by co-operating upon the
political field, securing control of the various legislative bodies.
THE FIRST STEP
A Dominion election is a possibility during this year, and must come in 1926. As a first
step, the farmers should organize on a political basis for the purposes of united action on
their own behalf. It is a case of "their minding their own business." They have allowed
the old-time politicians to run their affairs quite long enough and now they should take a
hand in it themselves.
LABOR WILL CO-OPERATE
We are quite sure that labor will meet them more than half way. We would suggest
that the matter of organization of the farmers be left in their own hands. They understand
the conditions as they exist in their own localities and can the better organize to meet their
particular needs. With a programme of co-operation they will, undoubtedly, find that labor
will be more than ready and willing to co-operate with them.
WRITE THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST does not attempt to lay down a programme or platform
for either the farmers or the industrial workers. Sufficient for us is it if they accept the
principle of co-operation as opposed to individual action. The actual policy will be worked
out as time goes on. Howevor, we are anxious for a discussion on this matter by the farmers, and we would suggest that they write to THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST, giving us
their various viewpoints and suggestions. It is by an interchanging of ideas that we hope to
make any advancement along the lines of real progress.
'J*
Tourist-Guest at Hotel Vancouver
Is Victimized by Olever Confidence Men.
Mr. Rogers, of England, Cook's
tourist and British globe-trotter, left
Vancouver the other day for the east
He was $50,000 poorer than when he
arrived. Three clever confidence men
are $CO,000 richer. Police authorities and a private detective agency
have a new task on their hands. Ho
endeth Mr. Roger's vacation.
It is evident that those who have
such an amount of money are not always wise. As a rule they are more
proficient in retaining control of it
than is the average worker, for the
latter individual, as a rule, earns it
honestly, while thoae who have such
an amount of wealth can hardly be
said to have earned it in such a man
ner. Certainly they aro better ac-
qquainted with these get-rich-qulck
schemes. This time, however, luck
was with the "confidence" men.
English  Farmers   Establish   Cooperative Afarket
"The new saleyard which the minister fef agriculture ls to open at Ban-
bury," says the Daily Chronicle, "Is
a very interesting development ot agricultural co-operation. At a cost ot
£30,000 (with a loan of £10,000 under the Trade Facilities act), a company of Oxfordshire, Warwickshire
and Northamptonshire farmers have
established their own market, where
stockraisers and graziers can not only
sell direct to each other, but also direct to the butchers ln big central
depots.
"The system is one which was ad
vocated by the Linlithgow committee.
This is the first example of It to be
started in the Midlands or the South
of England. We hope it may prove
a great success and' bo followed by the
establishment of man ohtera elsewhere."
National Debt
The net federal debt of Canada for
the financial year ending March 31,
1925, was $2,419,843,206.88, an Increase of $2,059,000 ever the previous
year.
Prejudice is the child of ignorance.
-Hazlitt.
Manifesto and Platform
—OP THE—
Federated Labor Party of B.C.
THE FEDERATED LABOR PARTY is organized for the purpose of securing industrial legislation, and the collective ownership and democratic control of the means   of   wealth   production.
Private ownership of the means of wealth production (lands,
forests, mines, fisheries, mills and factories), is the basis of the present
system of society. The ownership of these natural resources and the
machinery of production is vested in a small minority of the people,
who, because of this ownership, constitute the real rulers of the
country—the ruling class. '
This class ownership of the means of life, with the restrictions and
appropriation of the fruits of labor necessarily following it, is the root
cause of the present insecurity and privation suffered bj the working class.
Tho largo majority of the people—the working class—being property less, must obtain the necessities of life through tho only channel
opon to them, i.e., by selling their labor power. The only condition
upon which they ean do so is that a profit must accrue to the owning
class from the process. Profits for the few and not the needs of the
muny is the motive underlying production.
Thc farmer, despite the semblance of ownership whicb appears
from thc occupancy of the land and the machinery with wliich he
works it, is in approximately the same position as the propertyiess
wage-worker. Tho wage-worker sells his labor power direct to the
capitalist class for a price (wages), and that which ho produces belongs to the party employing him or her. Tlie farmer converts his
labor power into other commodities, (wheat, oa'ts, etc.), which he
must dispose of in the open market, having little or no control over tho
disposal of his product. The result of his toil passes into thc hands of
the capitalist class in rent, interest and profit just as surely and completely as does thc product of tho labor of the wage-worker, whieh he
(tho wage-worker) leaves in the mill or factory when the whistle blows
at the end of lhe day.
The production and distribution of thc things essential to our
needs has reached a stage of development in which it requires thc
active cooperation of practically all the productive forces in society;
social production has superseded individual produetion. Our ultimate
objective is, therefore, the collective ownership of things collectively
produced and collectively used. The need and well-being of society
must be the regulator of production.
The present ruling class maintains its ownership in the means of
life and consequent exploitation of tlie workers through its control of
the powers of the state. This presont system of government is con- •
trolled by the same class which controls the industries, and hence
is used in their interests. Undor these conditions the welfare of thc
masses is a subordinate consideration.
Realizing this, it logically follows that the working class can not
improve their condition in any permanent way until they assume thc
powers and functions of the state. Tbis can be accomplished in this
eountry by taking advantage of our political privileges and electing
working-class representatives to all legislative and administrative
bodies.  The working class itself must bo its own emancipator.
Taking into consideration the international aspect of thc dcvclop-
•*■ I ment of capitalism and the interdependence of each country upon all
and of mndentundlng a little ot their othcr eotmtl.ios io_ cvcll tlla j,..,,,;.*, functioning   of   the   productive
_•._•]•     iin.l    nt    **.l*<*_     "ihpv    jii-p    nn   j, ,.     ,     ...     ,      . ..... ., ... „    .* . .
torces that obtain to-day, we realize the impossibility of the working
class of any one country—even if thc entire government was within
its control—formulating and carrying out, unaided, a complete programme of socialisation. We therefore pledge our support and cooperation to all groups, of whatever nationality, having similar aims.
SPIES NOW IN DEMAND
Plenty of Such "Jobs" on the
Continent Awaiting; Young
Ambitious Men.
Liverpool, England—Prof. Bernarti
John Wilden-Hart who has mudo a
study of military intelligence in Europe, assorted in a lecture before the
Geographical Society that, for several
years before the war, Germany had
SOO0 spies scattered at various points
between Berlin and Brussels. German
army billets had been arranged three
years before the war. Any statement
he may have made regarding the spy
system of Great Britain was not reported.
No onc, desirous of a romantic, ad
venturous career could afford to miss
joining the intelligence servico, he
said, There are plenty of such "jobs"
on thc continont awaiting lhe right
men. Ho did not .nay whether to
apply at the Berlin, London or l'arls
offices. Apparently they arc all busy,
since it is reported that there are
more spies in Europo today, than anytime prior to 1014.
Compulsory Labor
(Continued from Page 1)
tion. A most interesting article in
The Federationist, signed "Nemesis"
(May Sth), also preaches it, a,tid it
deals with "creative Mind"—"others
have called it God." But ls a paid
priesthood necessary—do our parsons
pay for thoir keep? Some say they
are all humbugs, that thoy dare not
speak tho truth. Professor Scott
Nearing evidently thinks that many
universily professors are in tbe same
fix, especially if tbey touch on economics or history.
Parsons and Tlieir Work
I have had  the privilege of knowing a good many parsons intimately
■■■I!
Ifliill
work and of what "they are up
against." I have come to have a
high estimato of their value oven
under present conditions. It is tempting to enlarge on tliis topic, but
space forbids. I should like to Bee
our parsons set free from economic
tyranny, and free to preach the gospel as they best can, with the courage tbnt St. Paul displayed, and
which would not havo been possible
evcui lo that heroic man if he had
not had a good trado to fall back
on.
In conclusion, I repeat, we need
tu make men work "sufficiently" to
return to society the valuo of the
goods and services tbat they consume.    That is Justice.
Under our competitive system we
are compelled to work, or appropriate from others, "efficiently." Our
noses aro kept at tlio grindstone by
our parasites. Even a wealthy British duke has no sense of being rich,
for his life is a great struggle to
keep dowtfi the swarming bloodsuckers that surround and enslave
him.
Hlgger fleas have lesser fleas
On thoir backs to bite 'em,
And lesser fleas have lesser fleus,
And so ad infinitum.
1 feel that sincere thanks are due
tu The Federatlonist for past favors
in printing ray rather lengthy
tielos. I hope that many have found
them Interesting and stimulating,
and tbat others will come forward
to ask questions or raise objections
us to my queer doctrines and heresies.
Poverty ls like a shrewish beauty
—most admired by those who do not
live with her,—Grace Arundel.
What  about  your  neighbor's
scription?
sub-
cm OI* VANCOUVEB
Tenders for Fire Apparatus
THE undersigned will recoivo tenders up
to 12 o'clock noon, Wednesday, Juno
17th next, for tho supply of ono 800 Imperial Onllon Motor Pumping Firo Engino
wilh scml-pneumatlc tires on rear and
piiciimnttc tiros In front, not Iobs thnn 70
A.b.A.M. H.P. Sales tax nnd customs
duties to bo included in tendered prico.
A marked cheque on a chartered bank of
Canndn, equal to 5 per cent, of Ud, must
accompany  tender.
Specification., can bo obtained by ap-
plying to Firo Chief Carlisle nt No. 2 Firo
Hnll, Seymour Stroot, Vancouver.
JAMES   STDART,
Purchasing Agont.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
BABMSTEBS,   SOLICITOBS, ETO.
401*408 Metropolitan Building
837 Halting, St. W*.  VANOOUVBB,  B.O.
Tolep-ones: Soymour 6666 assi 6667
Phone No Occupation-
Proposed bs _ ~ 	
Date _  	
[H
The Federated Labor Party will support all legislative measures
having for their purpose the betterment of the condition of the working class, but we maintain, that so long as the workers are content to
sell their life's energy in the market they must accept the conditions
which the fluctuation of that market entails.
The present productive forees of society are quite sufficient to supply our every need and comfort; but the present system of production
and appropriation denies to thc great mass of the people the bare
necessities of life. While tlie few revel in wealth and luxury, millions are done to death by slow starvation. Knowledge of the cause
of this phenomenon is absolutely essential to intelligent action.
Class ownership of the means of production; class appropriation of
the social product of labor, is the cause of this denial to the workers
of an opportunity to participate in the fruits of their labor.
_ Collective ownership of the means of production; social appropriation of that which is socially produced, is the only means to end exploitation.
In the foregoing we have given an outline as brief and concise as
possible of thc basis of present-day society.
The Federated Labor party as a socialist party holds that the difficulties which thc working class is laboring under can only bo removed
by a change in our economic system. For this reason we do not put
forward any lengthy list of immediate aims.
By working class wo mean all of the people who must labor by
hand or by brain and have no other means of support.
The function of the party is to organize and educate the workers
along political lines as the surest and safest way to get control of the
powers of government. Once having secured that power it will be
used to liberate where it is now used to oppress.
Changes eome slowly as the people learn slowly and to try and
forco changes before the mass of the people are ready for them will
ony defeat the end we have in view.
Before the workers can advance to power they must gain confidence in their own ability as organizers, legislators and administrators;
and the best way to create that confidence is by contesting the election to every elective office.
On the platform, around the council, table or in the legislature we
shall put forward and work for the passing of suoh reforms as the
workers think necessary for the strengthening of their position, but
our ultimate goal is tho socialistfstate.
Jftbtx&tth ffiahnr partg nf &<&.
APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP
/, the undersigned, endorse and subscribe to the furtherance of the
declared objects of the Parts raid agree to be governed bs the
Constitution thereof. /
Name _ _
Address    	

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