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British Columbia Federationist May 4, 1923

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Array BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH
(FIFTEENTH YEAR.  No. 18
Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)        .^political unity:>v_oto»t
"**"  " 12.50 PER YEA*
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING,    MAY 4,1923
[TRADES CQUNCILIR.E.
HAS LIVELY_
[Hastings Park and Water
Works Scheme Under
Discussion
X-h.H.C. Candidate in South
\ Vancouver Is Successful at Polls
SAYS EMPLHTIA SAILOR'S LIFE
AGENCIES ARE
LLEGAL
•4: (Irst effort on teh part of the
Van ? ;er and District Labor Repre-
senta •** Committee in an
was at least   partially
I
[Committees   Appointed   to
Investigate Both of
the Proposals
The leasing of Hastings Park to the
Exhibition Association, and the
greater water works scheme of Mayor
Tisdall, wero the chief causos of de
bate at the regular meeting of tho
Vancouver Trades and Lubor Council.
Tho Hastings Park matter was
brought to tho attention of the couneil by a letter from the Exhibition
Board, asking the council to endorse
tho request made for ;i ten-year's
lease.
Delogate Hardy moved: "That this
council go on record as being of the
opinion thut all parks should be under the control of the Parks Board."
Delegato Pettlplece, in opposing the
motion, stated that he had gono all
the way with the Parks Board, but
the function of tho exhibition was
different. Ho was prepared to place
the Exhibition Board on the samo
piano as thc Hospital Board, and that
all work done should he paid for at
the union rate of wages.
Mm li Money Invested
Continuing  his argument,  Delegate
Pcttlpieco   asserted   that   too   much
money was invested al present to back
up, and that it was necessary in every
city to have an amusement park, and
suggested   that   if  the   people  in   the
East End wanted a playground, there
were   lots   of   tax   salo   lands   wllion
C could be used for that purpose.   Out
lining the  plans of the management
of   the   Exhibition    Association,    he
stated that the proposal was to have
,  tive representatives of the city elected
■ \ on the board, making it a civic and
\ public institution, combined similar to
the Hospital Board. The oval would
be turned over to the Parks Board for
sports, and that under these conditions It was the best thing to do to
[f give the lease; elect five people and
take horse racing out of civic politics,
as racing had been legalized by the
Dominion government.
Delegate Nixon supported Delegate
Pettlplece's arguments, and outlined
whnt had been done through the cooperation of Alderman Pettipiece in
having the work done at trade union
rntes of wages.
Would Be a Favor
Secretary Bengough said that if the
arguments advanced as to what it had
est the Exhibition Association to keep
the park in shape, which was $14,000,
and   the   city   only   granted   $10,000,
thon It would be doing the association
favor If the lease was not granted.
Ho also asked why not let tho Parks
Board  put on an exhibition ond run
horse races?
Delegate     Welsh     supported     the
(Continued on page 3)t
election,
successful in
spite of the shortness of time, and
the fact that the committee had
hardly organized and was working
under all the dlUlcultles of a newly-
formed organization. R. E. Rigby,
a member of tho Street and Electric
Railway Employees Union being
elected as school trustee, while thc
committee's candidate for police commissioner, O. Mengel, was only counted out on the last ballot.
H. E. Rees, another candidate for
school trustee, was defeated, while
polling a fair sized flrst choice voto.
The committee, recognizing the
shortness of time and lack of organization, is not by any means despondent over the result, and will havo all
arrangements mado tn full time for
the next election in South Vancouver, as well as in thc city.
Mr. Justice Murphy Renders
Important Decision
to Labor
E
Help the locked-out Clgarmakers
of Vancouver by attending the Beneflt Whist Drive and Dance tonight
(Friday), at tho Alexandra Pavilion,
Good prizes for whist, and 15 other
prizes. Souvenirs will be given to all.
LS.
Unskilled   Workers   Seek
New Members for
Organization
At the last meeting of the newly-
formed Federal Labor Union, hold on
Wednesday, April 25, a report was
made by the organizing committee,
and this report was the cause of considerable  discussion and enthusiasm,
Appreciation of the interest takon
Porcupine   Workers   Hold
Largest Meeting in History of Camps
On Sunday evening, April 22, J. S.
Woodsworth, Labor M. P. for Centre
Winnipeg; A. L. Potly of Matheson,
and Oliver Pause of Iroquois Falls,
addressed the largest mass meeting in
the history of the Porcupine camp,
where Labor trouble is pending.
The large New Empire theatre was
jammed to the doors, and hundreds
were refused admission for lack of
accommodation. The nieeting was
billed for 8 p.m., the doors opened at
20 minutes past 7. A first-class orchestra was In attendance, and furnished music, while the crowd surged
In, and by 7:30 most all the seats were
occupied,
The mino operators have been circulating propaganda to tho effect that
the workers were well satisfied with
their present living conditions and the
treatment thoy have and are receiving, and that the demands for a decent living wage has only como from
a few agitators. They must now be
surprise^ at the number of agitators
or the following those few agitators
have succeeded In convincing and
gathering there.
The enthusiasm displayed at this
meeting showed very plainly that
those men aro determined to have
their demands complied with. It was
also quite evident that they are not
going to be satisfied even when they
do get their demands. The workers
in the Porcupine camp will never
again be satisfied until they receive
the full fruits of their labor.
They realize that this is only an incident in the class struggle that is raging, not only in Canndn, but in every
capitalist country the world over, and
they are determined to do their bit.
A collection was also taken up to defray the expenses In connection with
the meeting, and the balance is being
turned over to the campaign committee, which is raising funds to finance
the campaign in the coming Provin
clal election.
Mrs. Mahon and J. H. McVety Secure Conviction
Against Employers
Mr. Justice Murphy rendered a very
Important decision on Thursday, and
one which affects labor vitally. For
many years the employment agencies
have been condemned by working
class organizations, and when the government bureaus were opened, legislation was enacted making such private agencies illegal.
Some time ago Mr. .]. H. McVety,
superintendent of the Provincial Labor Bureaus, ■ instituted proceedings
against four private agencies. When
the cases were tried before the police
magistrate, the charges were thrown
out on the ground that these agencies
had not acepted money from the employees, but only from the employers,
Later Mr, McVety appealed against
thc magistrate's decision, and on a
stated case, that of O. H. Joy and
three others, namely, Lamont, Olson
and Dumaresq, won his point. Mr.
Justice Murphy upholding the con
tontlon that the operation of these
agencies was an illegal act.
Mrs. Mahon, recently appointed by
the Provincial government
woman factory Inspector, and who
has jurisdiction as to the enforcement
of the Minimum Wage act, brought
charges in thc police court last week
against Mrs. Mackenzie of the Vancouver Hotel annex, and succeeded in
securing a conviction.
The allegations were that the defendant employed girls on the switch- j
board in thc annex at less than the!
minimum wage, the salary paid being
$50 per month as against the mln-|
mum of $15 per week or $65 pen
month.
It was also charged that the employees were caused to work longer
houra than those set out by the act,
while failure to post the regulation
notice as called for, was also alleged.
The defendant was fined $25 on
each charge.
Experience of Local Seamen
in Australia Has Sequel
in Vancouver
The ship's crew of the S. 8. City of
Vancouver, wljlch left here November,
1922, on a voyage to Australia, with
that ship have had their troubles with
the captain of that vessel. They were
put In jail at Newcastle, N. S. W., Australia, on Feb. 19, 1923, for refusing
to work aboard that vessel unless they:
were advanced £2 out of their wages.:
(This is customary fn all deep sea vessels when in other than the home
port.) The captain had offered the
men £1, which was refused. Then he
offered the men 30 shillings; this the
men refused also. Then Captain El-
ford threatened to put the men fn Jail
unless they resumed work. The men
held steadfast to their original demands for the £2. The captain, therefore, had the crew arrested, and charged them with refusing to "obey a
lawful command."
In the police court,! the defending
solicitor asked for an adjournment in
order to get the men's view of the
case. The prosecuting solicftor stated
that the captain of the vessel was in
hurry to get away, nevertheless the
magistrato adjourned the case for a
few minutes. After the adjournment,
the caso was withdrawn, the captain
promising to give the men what money
Widespread    Investigation
Into Burns Agency
May Result
Ex-German Spy Is One of
Detective Agency's
Servants
[By Mildred Morris]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Washington.—Charges that two
agents of the department of justice
accepted bribes totalling $2,000,000
may lead to a widespread investigation of the activities of William J.
Burns operatives and produce a scandal of big proportions.
Gaston Means, who ls accused In
affidavits of accepting one bribe of
$50,000 and another between $15,000
and $20,000, has long been one of
Burns' closest associates. It Is charged that other operatives In Burns'
bureau are known to be open to
bribery.
The affidavits filed against Means
brings to light the interesting fact
that the department of justice has
agents who do not appear on tho pay-
1 YEARS NEEDED
Many Employees Sign Up
and Non-Union Men
Join Strikers
Local 2404 of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, composed of Wooden Bridgemen and Pile
Drivers, has a strike on its hands. The
Jobs declared unfair are, Greenlees,
Vancouver Pile Driving Company, Ca
nadlan Pacific Railway wharf and the
Ballantyne pier. Other firms have
agreed to the terms of the union,
which are the same as in the 1920
agreement, namely $7.00 per day for
all pile drivers and bridgemen; $7.50
per day for boommen, and not less I
than $9.00 per day for foremen.
The International has sanctioned
the strike, and the local union has the
full support of the general officers.
All employers were notified a month
ago as to the demands of the union,
and informed that the rates of wages
would go into effect on May 1. Those
Arms complying with, the demands of
tho men are not affected by tho Btrike,
but the firms reforred to above did
not even acknowledge the receipt of
the letter informing them of the de
mands being made.
Tho men working for the firms who
have refused to grant the scale are
standing pat, and men who did not
belong to the union prior to the strike,
have now joined up.
Mr. Spector Quotes Trotsky
on Economic Reconstruction of Russia
they, wanted   with   time  to  spend   it]	
furthermore, that there would be no j roll. Thoy are known as "blue tick
logs in connection with the case. (Thisjet" men and work directly under
wus a verbal promise).: Bums.   They are paid from a lump
When the vessel arrived in Victoria, I sum appropriation which is not spec-
B. C, on Sunday, Aprll)22, 1923. The Really accounted. Neither is thero
men thought everything was "o. k.',* i [iny accounting of their activities,
although Captain Elf ord had been very; ftj0Bt of them are the stool pigeons
mean in some things.. Thfe men re-.'in organizations under tho ban of the
ceived their account of wages the fol- department of justice, like the Work-
| lowing morning, Monday, April 23, and ; era- party, others are engaged in
greatly  to   their   surprise,   the   noble  even granger activities.
captain had logged them to the extent
of $13.42 each man—24 men In all.!
The men appealed to the shipping
master at Victoria.    Although he re-
Means was one of thoBo blue ticket
men and may still be so far as anyone knows. He has been employed
In connection with the private affairs
marked to the captain that he thought  "_, V,"','""_«"- ",""',I,'" ' '__' __"„-__ ""«._**__
_____ __. ,„,_. __„_, ,2, tT_„ ,„„„_,„ \B  of  high  officials although  paid   with
Now Pictures from Russia
A Lantern Lecture will be given In
the Workers' Party Hall, 303 Tender
Street WeBt, on Monday, May 7th, at
8 p.m. The lecture will be on Soviet
Russia, and the development of that
country under the Soviet regime.
Many new and interesting pictures
will be shown, depicting the life as
it is in the first workers' republic,
This will be the last lecture
season.
this
(.-ignrinukers' Benefit Danco
All trades unionists should attend
the Clgarmakers' Benefit Whist Drive
and Dance tonight (Friday), in the
Alexandra Pavilion, corner Hornby
and Robson Streets. The Cigar
makers have been locked out for over
two years, and the Label Committee
of the Trades Council has arranged
this function to old thom.
that the captain was in the wrong, he
added that it was a court case. Thereupon the men had their union agent
at Victoria wire Vancouver in order
to get legal assistance. The Federated
Seafarers Union engaged Mr. Maclean,
of Elliott, Maclean & Chandler, solicitors at Victoria, to handle the case.
A summons wns promptly drawn
against Captain Elforil to appear in
police court next morning. In the
meantime, Mr. Maclean, K. C had an
Interview with Mr. J. Coughlan. That
gentleman said he was willing to pay
the men, although he thought that
the men were in the wrong. The case
was withdrawn, aud the men were paid
in full the money that the captain
tried to beat them out of; although It
may be stated that the officers aboard
the same ship had their troubles with
the same captain. When he offered
Mr. Coughlan, the owner, an explanation, he remarked that he would not
listen to any complaint against the
captain, as he had never had any complaints against him  before.
Obituary
The Federated Seafarers Union regrets to announce thc death of Bro.
John Ahall, who died on Friday, Apnl
27. Many members turned out to the
funeral, which was held on Tuesday,
May 1.
Be sure to notify the post office as
soon as you change your address.
the public's money. Two Instances
are known of his being assigned to
help eminent officials out of delicate
situations. He is said to have the
"low down" on other members of the
administration, and the publication
of his confessions would have startling effect.
Were all the facts known of thc
manner ln which the dpeartment of
justice is run, they would reveal, it
is said, that strained feelings long
have existed betweon Daugherty and
Burns, While congress was bombing
Daugherty with demands for war
frauds prosecutions, Means Is said to
have got hold of information em-
harassing to a certain member of the
cabinet; at the behest of this official
Daugherty ordered Means suspended;
the latter continued to work for
Burns.
Burns is absent from Washington,
He is thought to be too busy rounding up all the terrible Reds to give
time to charges against his agents.
One of the affidavits says when Information of Means was sought at the
department of justice, BurnH would
neither deny nor nlllrm that Means
worked for him.
Means was charged a few years
ago with the murder of a wealthy
North Carolina woman who made
him beneficiary in one of hor wills.
Before the United States entored the
war, he was employed In this country
i as a Germnn espionage agent.
Officers Will Be Elected at
Next Meeting in Near
Future
At tho meeting of the Labor Representation committee held on Monday
last,' the constitution and by-laws
wero thoroughly discussed and finally
adopted as amended, 	
Copies will be sent to all organlza-l Soviet Russia.
Workers Party Representative to Moscow Describes
Conditions in Europe
'Trotsky asks for ten years in which
to complete.the economic revolution
in Soviet Russia," was one of the
striking passages in a speech delivered by Maurice Spector, of Toronto,
who has but recently returned from
Russia, In the Columbia theatre, Vancouver, on Sunday tost;
If there, were any' doubts ln the
minds of those, present when Spector
rose to address a capacity audience,
as to what a political revolution meant
and what was necessary to bring about
an economic change, .there was no possibility of his hearers being in tho ,
dark when he finished.'
The Trip' to Russia
Referring to his trip to Russia, the
speaker pointed out that on his pilgrimage to Red Moscow, he had passed through the land of "social democracy" with an idea of getting an understanding of the. struggle of the
workers against capitalism. Continuing, he stated that In passing through
Germany, one could not hut remember
that this country had been the birthplace of Karl Marx, and at the same
time compare the present plight of
tho German workers with the hopes
aroused by their, past. For the first
time in history, the German bourgeois had flejd to their homes and hid
themselves. The German revolution,
as the Russian, presented the question
as to whether il should be in favor
of the bourgeois or the proletariat.
But as in 1914, when the Social Democracy betrayed the workers, so in
1918, the ' Social Democratic Party
handed power over to the bourgeoisie,
and refused tho support offered by
The result was that
\ by the Trades and Labor Council in
Ithe efforts of the unskilled workers
, was expressed, and tho granting of a
J hall  free of cost for the initial  or-
I'lganlzlng meetings by the central body
Js and the efforts put forward for the
I.)securing of a charter,, were praised.
It   was     decided   to    hold   regular
meetings every Monday at 8 p.m., ln
room   312,   Labor   Hall,   319   Pender
Street  WeBt,   when   applications   for
membership will be received.
All workers who are classified as
unskilled, or who cannot Join one of
the existing trnde unions, are invited
to join the now organization, and the
co-operation of building trades workers in organizing the building trades
laborers is sought,
><W«t***<
Building Permits
April 27—2687 Triumph Street,
M. Head, dwelling, $2000; 1940--10th
Ave. East, W. B. Stllos, dwelling,
$2500; 1170—15th Ave. West, Mill Cut
Homes, dwelling, $5000.
April 28—226G Union Slreet, M. J.
Acton, dwelling. $2000.
April 80—1731—(ith Ave. East, W
Gillespie, dwelling, $1500.
May 1—35 and 37 Hastings West.
W. W. Johnson, alterations, $2000;
2350—4th Ave. East, .1. J. Lambert
dwelling,  $2000.
(,-.»..•-_..»-•.•••■«■■ Bn»~*
Loggers: Aristocrats of Labor?
SING nearly three full columns intthe masters like
' ""      ' '    would be a monk.
Don't Forgot Tills
Help the locked-out Cigarmakers
of Vancouver by attending the Benefit Whist Drive and Dance tonight
(Friday), at tho Alexandra Pavilion.
Good prizes for whist, and 15 other
I prizes. Souvenirs will he given to all.
. t •■•• a-a-a-a-a-a-o
—UNION LABEL LEAGUE OF TRADES AND LABOR COUNCU--;
-BENEFIT-
WHIST DRIVE AND DANCE
ruder  Auspices of  Clgarmakers'   Union
FRIDAY, MAY 4th, 1923
ALEXANDRA DANCING PAVILION
Corner Robson and Hornby Streets
ifi Prizes Bewides Whist Prizes To Ho Given Away
Wblat Drive 8:16 P-m, DanciriK 9 p-m. to 12 p.m.
Eaoh person paying admission will be presented with a souvenir
Six Whist Prlics Buffet Lunch 15o -   ■ ■ .
.■Piece Orcliontra
GENTS. 50 Cents;    LADIES 2ft Cents
us;...	
a writer named Fl. McOavin pictures
in glowing terms the palatial living
quarters of the modern lumberjack.
In-yet wilh tho article In question is
a picture of the castle (In the air)
occupied by tin- married slave (a rare
animal)  in the logging industry.
The rapacious plunderers of the
limber resources of this Province are
casting their gluttonous gaae about
them In search of I'resh supplies of
human material that might bo exploited, and enticed Into their Industrial Infernos, horded together liko
cattle in a corral.
The alluring bait dangled before,
thc eyes of the young husky, intelligent, would-be lugger Is composed of: ]
"uhanCQB uf 'promotion in the Industry"; "open air exorcises"; "sanitary and wholesome nurroundlngs";
"airy and wcll-ventiluted sleeping
quarters": "good food plentifully
served"; "radio concerts"; "blankets
supplied free"; "hot and cold shower
baths";   elc.
The sleeping quurters, it is claimed, put to shame the vile dumps and
uncomfortable sleeping quarters that
the slaves of the forest are compelled
to stay In "while holiday making in
Vnncouver." Wow! Oo easy, McOavin! The camp Im>hs, or "push," as
he Is known In a logging camp, has
suddenly become metamorphosed
from the rough-necked, iwo-llsled.
bullying hyena he once was, into a
meek, soft-voiced, velvet-pawed, purring kitten. One might get the Impression, after reading thr above description of a modern logging cnmp,
that our masters had suddenly become disgustingly altruistic, and have
so gorged themselves lately with the
"milk of human kindness," that they
are verily slubherltiK at the mouth,
ami fulling over each other In their
anxious haste to make some restitution for their barbaric, behaviour toward the passive victims of thoir
greed in the past. Now the victims
havins recently manifested a disposition  to  turn  on  their class enemies,
tbe devil when sickf would   get  stung,
logging camp,
After driving the old Ume skilled
logger out of this country with the
blacklist, the lumber barons try to attract the younger men to the industry;
considering them more tractable, and
less inclined at flrst to recognize and
resist their si*btle schemes of intensified exploitation. They are in fact
making a bid   for cheap apprentices.
Fables of loggers reaching Vancouver with stakes of $1000 "earned
in a few months in a'logging camp,"
remind one of the methods employed
by tho real estate sharks in the hey
day of the real estate boom; they
usually pointed to the isolated Individuals who made millions at the expense of the millions of super-boobs
who got stung by purchasing parcels
of    phony    real  estate;    and   if  you
LABOR HALL
MEETINGS
Fridny, May l to Thursday, May
io
FUIDAV,   May   4—-Molders.
buy a ticket   to   a
MONDAY.,
Wprkersi
Iron   \Y<
May 7—Electrical
No. 310; Structural
leers,    Hnilonnal.ers.
TUISSDAY, May S—Uookbimi-
ers, Barbors, Printing Press
men, Machinists, No. 692.
WEDNESDAY
May   9—Brick-
layer_.
THURSDAY,
May   10—Shci'l
Metnl Wo.ln
.a, Bakery Salea-
men, Label i
lommlttee, Steam
.-nid Op'orat!
_ Engineer*, No.
844.
For every logger who comes Into
Vancouver with a stake of $1000,
there aro a thousand loggei'H who
land in Vancouver with less than
$100. Why? For the most part simply becauso they are disgusted with
tho social condltlona and the meagre
rewards of slavish toll In the prison-
like logging camps of tho Pacific
Coast; where even those birds who
naturally love solitude, e.g., the owl,
raven, etc., deserted thc country.
A pretty picture can bo drawn by
one whose knowledge of logging is
confined lo writing nonsensical articles of propaganda for the capitalist
press; always taking care to present
the conditions in camps that are exceptions rather than  the rulo.
It is a deliberately misleading statement, tho claim that logging is u
well-paid occupation, whieh can b0
verified by those who are more interested in the significance of facts,
proved by reading the tubulated average rate of wages paid In the basic
Industries and published by the Department of Labor, Ottawa.
The scribe for the "Daily Province" does not "write of those thingB
that are not to he told." He does
nol mention the high transportation
charges paid hy a logget  in getting to
the job, in a good many Instances
running tls high as $-10. It Is either
accept thai or be content with being
herded below the decks of an alleged
passenger boal In nbout the same
manner and hCCepi similar treatment
as was meted to the black slaves of
Africa by those who found It profitable to tralllck in slaves, Tbe Union
&.S. Co. is the best modern exiimplo
we have of those days.
After considering the many disadvantages, social and otherwise that
the workors labor under, especially
those who follow logging In order to
gain a livelihood, and taking Into account the dangerous and precarious
nature of mich employment, the faet
that "Intelligent learners" do take
(Continued on pane  I)
tlons in the city and district, and
call   for   affiliation   will   be   made   to
all working class organizations.
The South Vancouvor election was
hrleilly discussed, and the election of
lt. E. Rigby to tho school board was
acclaimed as a victory, whieh demonstrated that after the committee is
thoroughly organized, the results will
be much more substantial.
.School trustee elect Rigby addressed the meeting briefly on the election,
and O, Mengel, candidate for polico
commmlssloner urged that organization work for the next election be
started at onco.
The secretary announced that several organizations had contributed lo
the campaign fund, and us soon ab
all bills were In, it full financial statement would he rendered to all organizations.
At the next meeting, the date of
which has not been decided upon, the
eloction of officers In accordance with
the provisions of tho constitution will
take place. Organisations wishing tq
affiliate are urged to do so at once,.
I the affiliation fee helng $2, and
should be sent lo the secretary, at 319
Pender .Street West. Full particulars
as to date and time of the next meeting will he forwarded to all organizations and published in the Federn-
tlonlsl.
Don't forgot This
Help Ihe locked-out Clgarmakers
of Vancouver by attending the Reno-
fit Whist Drive and Dnnee tonight
(Friday), at the Alexandra Pavilion.
Good prizes for whist, and 15 other
prizes. Souvenirs will be given to all.
the Oerman workers today are in economic and political servitude.
Low Wages in Germany
Referring to thc growth of Fascism
in Oermany, fhe speaker pointed out
that the Oerman workers are now the
under dogs, without economic power,
and are receiving kwer wages than
any other European workers. They
are In the position of Japanese and
Chinese coolies prior to the war.
Continuing", his description of the
conditions of the Oerman workers, it
was pointed out hy the spenker, that
not only were the Oerman workers
the slaves of their own masters, but
the Intcrnutfoiml ruling class as well.
He also pointed out that the proletariat of Oermany was awaking to tlie
lost opportunity offered by Soviet Russia in 1918, and that the workers are
now turning their eyes to Moscow.
Social  Democracy
Reference was also made to thc loss
(Continued   on   page   4)
ide i
Iter!'!
Strikes   olter
and the Typos' strl
ago has at lenst n;
life    of   one   ol    lho    HI"
Union.  Brother Adams,
years standing, went on
fellow   mombors,   nml
difficulty  of securing a
trade   where   several
Clgnc stand
have strange results,
rlke of a year or more
change in the
liters Of that
a printer of
irike with his
realizing   ths
living   at   lbi
ho,
union.
othor \
nnd ea
ie   baa
utuie,
decided   lo   make   au<
d bus i
at the
t clgai
of Ho.
clgan
purchased  from
rdlng to
(• masts
an   bou
agreem
In   this   elt
tills year ac
nt signed  with
lets.     Th Ik  Is an   in
tits.     Carpenters   re-
from 70 to 7fi cents
■s are to gel ib conts
B. C. Miners Have Created
Vast Wealth for Mine
Owners
I Ry H. M. Bartholomew;]
The various mining eumpunies operating in tlie Province of Rrlt'sh Columbia, have found that that Province has been a constant source of
rich dividends, 'in a recent issue of
Hie Financial Times, there was given
a complete iisi of these companies, together with ii complete list of the
dividends paid since operations have
been started. Conl, copper, gold, silver, lead aad sine have been dug from
tlie bowels of the earth by an army
of workers. They have received wanes
- the  coupon   clippers   have   received
handsome dividends. According to the
list, the grand total paid in dividends
to dale lias been $ftfi,217,4S8. In
other words, the miners 6f the Province have not only maintained themselves, but they have made a present
of millions of dollars of dividends to
social parasites who live at the expense of othors.
Pt
OH Ue   Federatlonist  advertisers.
. t-.t-.t-t.t--t-- _•-■-•■-
A MEETING OP THE
Federal Labor Union
-WILL BE HELD-
Monday, May 7th, 1923
at 8 p.m.
LABOR HALL, 319 Pender St. W.
All Building Trades and other Laborers Should Attend This
Meeting. PAGE TWO
fifteenth yeab. no. i8 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST tawcouvbr. b.c.
FRIDAY ...May 4, 1
BRITISH CKLOHeiA FEOERATIOKIST
Pat-Uahed every Friday morning; by The B. C. Fed.ratl.nl_t
Business Office:   11-9 Howe Street
Bd-torial  Office:    Room  306—319   Pender  Street Weat
Editorial Board:   P. R. Benfouph, R. H. Neelanda, J. M.
Clark, Oeorge Bartley.
Sotwrlptlon Rate: United Statea and Foreign, 13.00 per
yesr: Canada, it.— per year, »1.61 tor aix montha: to
_Mona subscribing In a body, 16c per member per
■•nth.  '	
write of conditions in a lumber camp, or in industry
with any degree of accuracy, needs experience, and
we do not think that the writer in question has had
any experience outside of a newspaper office, so far
as camp life is concerned. If he has, he should not
be named Mr. Gavin, but Ananias . Keeping British
Columbia on the map in a newspaper office is certainly a soft job, but we doubt if our propaganda
experts in the pay of the capitalist press could keep
themselves if they were to tell the truth.
GERMAN WORKERS PROTEST
******       ****** «*««««        ******
FASCISTI ARRESTS LEADER OF ITALIAN RAILWAYMEN
Unity of Lator: The Hope of the World
FRIDAY Ma/ i, '»"
The Cumberland Disaster and
"Investigation"
THE FEDERATIONIST has repeatedly demanded
that there should be an investigation into the
Cumberland mine piaster—not an investigation
such as governments usually order, but a delving
into the real cause of thc reason of more than thirty
men losing thcir lives.
» * *
The government of this Province has held an investigation. The j*ivestigator was Mr. George Wilkinson, an appointee of the government. His investigations have been so minute, that he even found a
match stalk, whicli on circumstantial evidence,
produced by himself, was struck by a Chinaman who
died as the result of the explosion, and cannot talk
back, and which he claims was the cause of the disaster.
* »       *
But while this match stalk has been featured in
the press headlines, there are other things in the
report whioh have not been given as much publicity.
One passage reads as follows:
A short rejriew of the conditions existing in .
the sections prior to tjie explosion will support
the theory that the rise side of No. 2 east level
was the point in that section where the explosion originated. Explosive gas had been found
and reported on the rise side of this level, intermittently for over two weeks, and had existed
there, practically steadily, for five days prior to
the explosion. Evidence given at thc coroner's
inquest by the fire boss in charge of this section, if correct, wowltjl indicate that the amount
of gas in this particular place at times assumed
serious proportions.
a      *       f, ,
Other passage? in thc report taken from the evidence adduced prove conclusively, that there was an
excess of explosive gas in the mine, as previously
Stated in The Federationist, which made such a catastrophe possible. But to date the reason for this
excess of gas, and why care was not taken to see
thtt the danger was eliminated, has not been either
explained or investigated.
* ,  *       *
Mr. Wilkinson, the investigator, has laid the
blame on a Chinaman. The Chinaman is dead. He
cannot deny the statements of the investigator, but
the investigator1 himself denies his own charges
against this man who now rests in mother earth.
* *       »
From information received, not from governmental sources, we have learned that thc miners expected a second disaster in the Cumberland mines.
The miners, trained men, realized the danger and
' thc disaster to them was not unexpected. But what
about the government inspectors! Did they realize
the dangerf If so, was it reported? If not, why
nott These are questions that will have to bc
answered. •   .
* *      *:.
In the meantime, thc only investigation which
can satisfy the rank and file of organized labor, will
be an investigation by the miners themselves, who
can and will tell the truth as to thc conditions in thc
mine prior to the disaster. No government investigator, who praises the employers for thc measures
taken to insure safety, but who at thc same time reports that the amount of gus in the mine was of serious proportions, can be relied on. What is the Minister of Mines going to do about it? Will he let thc
blame rest on a dead man who cannot refute thc
charges, or will he allow the miners themselves to
make a report, and protect them if they do so, and
make charges which will implicate not only the employers, but the Department of Mines. We await
his answer with expectancy.
Transportation, C. P. R. and
jration
ALL LARGE CORPORATIONS have heads. In
** other words, they have men who act as spokesmen for them, and the C. P. R. has one named
Beatty. He speaks with authority, for he has power
and finance behind him, and if necessary, all the
powers of the State. Corporations also Hhve annual
meetings, at which the "head" gives forth words of
wisdom, and the rest of those who arc supposed to
represent the stockholders, cheer the statements
which arc made.
Wc have claimed, from time to time, that the immigration policy of the government of this great Dominion, has been dictated by the transportation companies. Of course, wc have been branded as "Bolshevik," and biased against capitalism. But read
what President Beatty, of the C. P. R., has to say of
the government's immigration policy. According to
press reports, it is as follows:
"President E; W. Beatty spoke with approval
of the increased efforts of thc Dominion to obtain immigrants of the best elass from Great
Britain and from countries of Northern Europe.
He considered the prospects for obtaining the
class of colonists needed urgently to assist in developing the country's natural resources were
brighter than they had been for the last few
years."
f   .•'■»'.. '#
Thc brightness will no doubt appear in the coffers
of. the Canadian Pacific Railroad, but wc doubt if
there will be any reflected glory in the lot of the
workers already in Canada, and who have gone
through years of unemployment, or in the new state
of life which thc immigrants will flnd when they
reach this country. But there is onc thing sure, and
that is that when the Canadian Pacific Railway endorses the action of any government, it is a safe bet
for thc workers to take an opposite stand. In thc
meantime, we will pursue a policy of watchful waiting and at a later date, say, "well, we told you so,"
but you liked liberalism, and you have had it, now
what do you think of it?
Liberalise and the Workers
[By George Hardy]
MEWS COMBS to hand of the Jm-
*■* prlaonment of Comrade Iaidorla
Cazzarlo, of the revolutionary rallwaymen of Italy. The blood-stained
hands of the Fascisti have satisfied
their desire by throwing this militant
fighter Into prison. Azzarlo is a leader
of the left wing, and has been in the
forefront urging resistance to the attacks of Mussolini. Therefore, In the
hands of the "Black Shirta." his life
ls ln dally peril.
Since Fascism became the governmental policy of Italy, the railway-
men's Union has beon sbujected to all
kinds of suppressive measures. The
railways are owned by the State, and
the old law suppressing strikes, has
once more come into force with bayonets to back it up. Workers have been
subjected to Individual interrogation
and registration. AH those who dared
to challenge their right to exercise an
Inquisition, or refuae to sign and swear
away their rights as union men, were
blacklisted. Their homes were afterwards entered by Fascists, and, if
they were  known  to   be  aggressive,
German Workers Are Being
Trained and Disciplined
by Ruhr Occupation
[By Louis P. Lochner]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Dortmund,    Germany — Whatever
may happen in the Ruhr, it looks very
much aB though the workers organizations will come out on top.
Everywhere we have talked to workers and to trade union officials—fn
Dortmund, Bocum, Gelsenkirchen,
Glad'beck, Buer, Oberhousen, Essen,
Bottrop, Heme and Dellwlg—all of
them feel that, serious though the situation is, the brighter side to it Is the
training the workers are receiving for
the struggle against capitalism.
Everybody In Germany recognizes
that the Ruhr situation depends upon
the workera, "Will the workers hold
out?" is the question asked on all
sides.
To which the workers reply: "Yes,
we shall hold out as far as resisting
French militarism la concerned.    Bui  solini'
Ignorance and the Logger's Life
THERE IS AN OLD SAVING to tho effect thut
where ignorance is bliss, it is folly to bc wise. But
if there was ever bliss in the life of a writer to the
capitalistic press, then one by name of 11. MoGavln,
must have more than the average man eould evor
expect to receive, for his ignorance of the conditions
in the lumber oamps of the Province is colossal,
■t* **> *.
This writer in a recent issue of tlie Daily Province, depicts the life of the lumber jack as one whicli
might woll bo sought by uny "husky youth," for he
says, among other things:
Logging for tho main part is a mini's job carried on in the open air, und ns sueh should attract those of sound body. It is ulso n well-paid
onc, a fact which should influence those who desire to accumulate a stake. In addition, it offers
exceptionally good chances of promotion to
those who stay with it —a circumstance that
should draw young men anxious to lenrn onc of
thc real businesses that are keeping British Columbia on the map.
But an article in nnother column of this issue,
written by a one-time "husky youth," und now u
logger, a skilled one nt that, appears to disagree
with the stntcments made in the article written by
McGnviii. Thc article in the Province is too lengthy
and wordy to quote in full, but we will let our read
ers imagine lumber jncks becoming radio fans, hav
ing hot and eold shower baths, and all tho pleasures
of modern civilization, including electric light, good
heating and food served unstintingly, nnd this is the
picture of thc life as drawn by our ignorant friend
the writer to the Daily Province.
*        *        *
But ignorance is ulso u sign of ineptitude as well
as of bliss. It is also sometimes found that Ignorance
is assumed for thc purpose of securing that bliss
which comes from a full pocket book and good remuneration for services rendered ,and In this cuse
we imagine that the latter is thc kind of ignorance
which thc artist on lumber camps has assumed,   To
KEEPING a good mun down is a hard proposition
unless he be a radical, and thc ruling class
throw him into gaol. But keeping a politician out
of the limelight is even more difficult, and once
again our old friend, David Lloyd George, has
popped up again.
As in the days prior to the time when he assumed
thc reins of power, and for thc war period was thc
dictator of the British ruling class, he is now appealing for the people who are submerged. His tender
heart bleeds for thc unemployed. He is filled with
grief to think that there are more than a million
idle men in the British Isles, but at the same time
pleads for liberalism.
It is, however, but a short time since he was disposed from power. A "liberal" he has always been.
Liberal to his masters, but never to the workers, as
thc war-worn heroes who fought thc battles whieh
he and his colleagues planned, can testify, and during the time of his power, when he had the chance
to "do something for the submerged," what did
he do. The answer is what the returned soldiers
got before they went away: "Nothing is too good
for you."   And they got, "nothing."
But as already stated, politicians cannot be kept
out of the limelight.   They must have the spotlight,
and once again our old friend has broken into the
front pages of the capitalistic press.   This was done
when he outlined thc proposed liberal porgrammc
on'Saturday last, when among other things he said:
Thc Labor Party had had no experience iu
the work of government.   That party's great
promises had not bcen subjected to the ussay
of experience.   Liberalism, nn thc other hnnd,
had a great record.   Liberation, its groat iu.sIc
of the future, was the remedy for the evils of
modern industrialism, but before tackling that
problem the Liberal forces must overthrow tho
tyranny of the sword und   germinate   peace.
More than 1,300,000 in the  United  Kingdom
were unemployed as thc result of thc war which
thoy had not made.   A system which condemned millions living sober, decent and industrious
lives   to   unemployment without any fault of
their own wus organized blasphemy.
* **.        *
We nre prepared to admit that the Labor Party
has not hnd experience in government, and hope
that no working class representatives will govern
n slave. I!ut if the Liberal Party of Great Britain
has u great record behind it, und its first task is to
abolish shimdom, we cnn only wonder thut this task
was not tackled whon n Liberal government was in
power.
* *        *
Wc have a Liberal government in Canada; wc
have also hud Conservative governments, but even
in this Innd of "grent opportunities," we huve
poverty, slums, and all thc evils of thc present system, yet the Liberal governments have never attacked the root cause of slums and poverty, which
is human slavery.
tf      ' *        *
Labor governments connot exist where thc human
race is freed from slnvery. Governments—call them
what you will—only exist to keep an exploited class
in subjection. But labor can, and will, take control of thi! means of wenlth produetion, but will
never submit uny section of the community to government; rule the workers will, in the transition-
nry singes; compel all men to work, but to govern
the workers will never descend, but to control and
operate the means of wealth produetion that all
mny oat nnd live, is the mission of the workingclass,
now n subjeet class, but destined to free humanity
from Liberal, Tory, or uny other form of government ; for governments never existed beforc men
becamo slaves to n ruling clnss.
we cannot be expected to share the
bravado attitude of our government,
which declares that there can be no
negotiations unless the French lirst
withdraw from the Ruhr. Our slogan
ls rather, 'Negotiate in order that
thereby troops may be withdrawn and
the reparations Issue settled at last'."
The greatest.gain will be that of the
shop councils/ These councils of representatives from the shops and fac*
lories are playing a more important
part than anyone had anticipated.
In the railway administration, the
shop councils have assumed a great
measure of authority. The higher officials, trained in old bureaucratic
methods, were floored by the situation
created in the Ruhr, while the shop
councils showed an adaptability and
readiness to act which made the government rely upon them In many cases
when it could not rely upon the officials. The workers don't propose to
give up these prerogatives when the
present emergency Is over.
Similarly in the mining Industry;
often when a French commission
came to a mine, the mine managers,
ln their helplessness, culled ln the
shop council. This organization of
delegates elected by the shops then
takes full responsibility of the entire
body of workers, and In most cases Is
able to persuade the French commission to withdraw the soldiers and
leave the workers undisturbed.
The workers realize that the same
bosses who now ask their help, will
try after the Ruhr adventure ls over
to cut wages and lengthen hours. But
the workers, determined, that this
shall not happen, feel that the present
situation ls a good training schqol for
the future struggle.
In more than one locality I find
trade union leaders who feel they are
actors in a great historical scene in
which their experiment in passive resistance may mark a new mile-stone,
murdered in front of their wives and
ffamlllos. This is a common occurrence In Italy, Azzarlo spoke for organized labor and led a militant faction, which refused to bend the knee to
this new terroristic method of union-
smashing. He urged a united front
against force and violence until he
was arrested. His appeal fell upon
deaf ears, as far as the reformist
leaders are concerned, leaving him
and his faction open to attack.
This case should be a vehicle to
carry the dastardly methods of Fascism to the American workers, for the
dally press lauded the coup de etat of
the Italian White Guard as something
to be emulated by the bourgeoisie
generally, when the workers prepare
to strike successfully, or threaten the
existing governmental stability.
Every reading person knows the
methods used by Mussolini to establish himself In power. They all know
his furious hordes, equipped with
torch, dagger and gun, entered printing establishments, union halls and
even purely trading co-operative societies' premises, and burnt them to
the ground ln many cases. Pillaging
houses and murdering union men who
refused to surrender to their malicious threats, was the order of the day.
They even reinforced their army Jrom
the country districts at the point of
the gun.
This is important for the union men
of alt countries, for if they succeed tn
Italy in smashing the unions, they can
accomplish the same elsewhere. -They
have reduced the Agricultural Workers Union from 900,000 to 100,000.
The Italian General Federation of
Labor, from 2,500,000 to a little over
500,000, according to the latest figures. They have forced, the Seamen's
Union to sign not to strike without
appealing to the Mussolini's government.
All this fs important. They are organizing the Fascists in America today. This under the direction of Mussolini. The Imperialists and their
agents from the United States, make
it a point to consult with him personally while on the business and pleasure jaunts In Europe. They are preparing to introduce Fascist terror here
on a larger scale than heretofore. It
Is to become a counter-stroke when
Ku Klux Klanism does not avail them
longer. Unless we unite to make our
unionB impregnable and become a formidable Labor movement, with a
Communist perspective, we shall witness a savage defeat.
If you are in doubt of this, read
what Mussolini says.    Quoted In the
Chicago Dally News, March 20, under
the headline, "Tired of Liberty, Mus-
this    "peace-loving   Fascist'
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575 Granville Street Phone Seymour 8540
Will they continue to aid in the butchery of their own fellow workera?
He who resists ls treated as an enemy.   Let us resist collectively!
'Indeed, Comrade Azzarlo ls an enemy of the bourgeois class. This is
the cause of his incarceration.
'Hail Azzarlo-
'We send you greetings, revolutionary railwaymen.
"Fight your struggle with firm determination and a clear mind!
"Your enemy is our enemy!
"Your flght is our flght!
"Long live the class war of the
International Revolutionary Railway
Men!"
Fraternally yours, for the revolutionary railway men and Transport
Workers of Germany.
Signed      OTTOMAR GOSCEKH.
nine np Pbone Sermonr tIM
fori
Dr. W.J. Curry
DENTIST
Snit*   Ml   Dominion   B«l
VANCOUVER, B. a
(.peaks: "If any government Ib deprived of force and left only with Its
principle, It will be at the mercy ot
the flrst group organized and determined to overthrow It." There Is no
doubt as to what he means, Is there?
That the international working class
is showing their anxiety over the arrest of Comrade Azzarlo Is shown In
the manifesto sent to the Italian rallwaymen by the militant railway men
uf Oermany, which Is as follows:
"Dear Comrades:
"Revolutionary Railway Men of
Italy! A new and brutal attack has
been made upon you by the arrest of
Comrade Isldorlo Azzarlo!
This blow ts not felt by you alone.
It is felt by all clasa-conscfoUB railway
and transport workers of Germany.
The Imprisonment of Azazrlo removes
a militant resisting with all his might
the offensive of capital and the aggravation of misery it brings to the working class.
"By a reduction of wages; a lengthening of the hours, and the Introduction of intolerable conditions of work
the workers are to be tired out and
made incapable of resistance. In order to carry this out, bourgeois society
Is mobollzing military forces everywhere, who by force, intend to inaugurate a reign of terror. By ill-treatment, imprisonment and death, the
Fascists of all countries believe they
aro able to crush the revolutionary
aspirations of the proletariat.
"They are mistaken; our militant
spirit cannot he crushed or defeated
by the Imprisonment of our leaders.
"On the contrary, the imprisonment of Comrade Azzario will reveal
to tho Italian rallwaymen better than
anything else their real enemy—the
employing class.
"It is with the aid of the railway
men of all countries that the bourgeoisie Is able to crush the proletarian
revolts. They make lt yosslble by
transporting   troopB   and   munitions.
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FHTEBNTH YEAR.
no. is BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b.c.
PAGE THREE
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Vancouver Unions
■VANCOUVER     TRADES     AMD     LABOR
Coinoil — Proeidenl,  R. H.  Mwludl,   K.
1*4- A.; general see-rotary, Pexejr R. Bengo-iffc.
Oflee: 808, IU Pender Bt. Wilt. P*we Sey.
7AM. Meete In Lnbor Hnll nt 6 p.n. aa
•*• int nnd third Tneedny In isobU-.
(ALLIED PRINTINO TRADIB COUNCIL—
Meets second Mondty la the month.   Pm*
ltdent, J. R. White; eeereUry, R. H. Neel-
sndi. V. 0. Bex 86.	
iDERATED LABOR PARTY, IM OOR-
on Street Weet—Builnew ntMtlngi
ry Wednesdny evening. A. Mnolnnle,
Irmnn; I. H. Morriion, lec-trene.; Oeo.
Harrison, USS Woodlnnd Drive, Vancou*
i B. C, eorreepondlng seeretary.
ny dUtrlot in Brltlih ColumbU inking
irmntien » leouring epenkeri or tho lotion of local branohei, kindly oommoniento
li provineiol Seeretiry J. Lyle Telford,
Btrki Bldg., Tuooaver, B. 0. Tele-
ne Seymonr USt, or Fnlnnont AMI.
[BAKERY BALK81IBN, LOOAL 871—Meet!
1 second Tmtndny every month, 819 Pender
■Street West. Pmldent, J. ^igktweoB;
lAnJuelnl leoretnry, H. A. Bowron, 8S»
jBnnw Btreej.
llOURNSTMIN BARBERS' INTESNATION'
AL Unton of Anerlen—Loenl 110, Vea*
—jonver, B. 0., neet! iioond ud fonrth Tnee-
■dnyi In eneh month In Room 811—119 tap.*
■der Street Weit. Preildent, 0. E. Herrett,
|71 Hutlngi Btreet But; iientary, A. ft,
yaai, 110 CtmAie Street.   Shop phone, Bey.
MT09.   jUejdenee phine, Dong. 9171R.
[ INTIRNATIONAL     BROTHERHOOD     Of
Bollenukere, Iran Bhtpbnllden and Help*
in ot Amotion, Loenl 1B*~Meetings Ant
ud third Mondays ta ench month.    President, P. WUUi; leeretnry, A. Pmer.   OSoe:
■Room 901—119 Pendor Stnet Wilt.   OBee
inonn, 9 ta 11 a.m. nnd I to 6 p-m.
WOKLATBRS AND MASONB-If yon need
brlcklayen or masons  for boiler worki,
IM., or marble letten, phone Brleklnyen'
Union, Lnbor Temple.
JMTID   BROTHERHOOD    Of   OAftPBtf-
■ _TRRB and Jelnon, Local 451—President.
PWm. Dana; recording neentary, Oeo. Bnoll;
Inniintu agent, Om. H. Hardy. OAoo:
■Boom 804—819 Pender Street Weit Moeta
■neeond and fonrth Mondnyi, 8 p.m., Room 5,
| Big Pender Stroot Wut.        	
■ CIVIC BMPLOTBB8 UNION—Moeta flnt
■and third Fridays la eaoh month, nt 148 Co*-
| dova Street Went. President. David OnthtU,
13IBI Albert Street; secretary treisurer, Oeo.
^Harriion, 1318 Woodlnnd Drive.
IBNOINBBB8 — INTBRNATIONAL UNION
I Steam nad Operating, Loul 844—Moota
I ovary Thuraday nt 8 p.m., Boom 807 Lnbor
|\Temple. Seoretary-treasurer, N. Green, 9(9
i Hornby Street. Phone Sey. 7048R. Recording eecretary, 1. R. Campbell, 108 fint
I Street. North Tanoonver.
LciTY flRRflQHTBRS UNION NO. 18—
rt Pmldent. NeU MnoDonald, No. 1 flnhnll
i'loontary, 0. A. Wataon, No- I firehall.
HOTEL   AND   RESTAURANT    Employee*
Union,   Loul   91—441   Beymour   Stroot.
Meete flnt and third Wednesdays at 9:10
J.au Second nnd fonrth Wednesdays at
:I9 p.m. Executive board meete erery
fneeday at 9 p.m. Pmldent, W. A. Colmar*
buinesi ngent, A. Ornhnm. Phone Soymonr
1991.
LUMBAR WORKERS INDUSTRIAL UNION
Of CANADA—Aa ladaitrlnl anion ot nil
rorfcen In logging nnd construction campa.
•east District and Oeneral Headquartera, 81
fWovn Street Went, Vaneonver, B. 0.
no Seymonr 7856. J. M. Clarke, general
etary-treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs.
I, Maedonald k Co., Vaneonver, B. 0.;
ion, Messrs. Bitter A Chiene, Vancou-
B. 0.
UAOHINISTB LOOAL  189—Pmldent, Lie
Oeorge; aocretary, J. 0. Keefe; business
jgent,   P.   R.   Bongough.     Offlco:   899,   919
Peader Street West,   Moets in Room 818—
Jllft Pender Street Went, on flnt nnd third
■rhnndays in month.
UAOHINISTB  LOCAL  689—Pmldent,   Ed.
Dawson;   aeeretary,    R.   Hint;   business
hgont,   P.   R.   Bengongh.    Office:   909—819
Tender  Btreet West.    Meets  in Room  8—
J31B Pender Street West, on second nnd 4th
■yneednya ln month.	
MUSICIANS       MUTUAL       PROTECTIVE
UNION, Loeal 145, A. P. of M.—Meets at
tfoosn Hall, Homer Street, second Sunday,
Itt 10 nm. Prosidont, Ernest 0. Miller. 991
felson Street; aeoretary, Edward Jamieson,
i91 Notion Strent; financial secretary, W. E.
yilliama, 991 Nelson Street; organiser, f.
''letcher, 991 Nelson Btreet,
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, DECORA*
- TORS and Paperhangers ot America, Local
88, Vancouver—Meets Snd and 4th Thun-
ays st 148 Cordova Streot West. Phono,
ey, 8510.    Business agent, R. A. Bakor.
liILK DRIVERS, BRIDGE, WHARF AND
I Dock Builders, Local No. 2404—Meets in
Lnbor Hall, 319 Ponder Street West evory
P'nd and 4th Friday, at 8 p.m. Jas, Thomp-
,nn, financial socretary.
t'AILORS'   UNION OF THE! PACIFIC.   185
l Cordova St. West, P. 0. Box 571.   Phono
ky. 8708.    Meetings every Monday at 7:80
J. Pearson, business agent.
^BDERATBD  SEAFARERS'  UNION OF B.
F   0.—Meeting nights, first Tuesday and 3rd
Friday of each month  at headquartera,  818
'Oordova Street West.    President, D. Oilles-
Jple; vice-president, John Johnson; secretary-
Kreasuror, Wm. Donaldson, address 318 Cor
■dova Street West.    Branch agent's address:
■Wm. Francis,  1484 Oovernment Street, Vic-
■torla. B. 0,
<*_&*&.
COFFEE
"In tha FUvor letliaf Tin"
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Good Ptace to BM"
HASTINOS   AND   COLUMBIA    8TS.
Week-end Specials
FREE DELIVERY
123 HaBtings St E Smf. S90B
880 Oranvllle Street-—Sey. 866
1101 Oranvllle SU — Sey. 6140
3260 Main Street Fair. 1688
Extra Special
About 200 of our famous
Cottage Rolls, weighing from
4 to 6 lbs. No bone; no shin;
all meat. Excellent for boiling or frying. Special for
Friday and. Saturday, per Ib	
Sliced Streaky Bacon, tb  10c
Sliced  Smoked  Holt   Bacon,
per Ib 26c
Sliced Ayrshire Roll Bacon,
per Ib SOc
23c
Oovernment     Special
Creamery Butter
8 lbs. for	
Alberta
$1.35
Slater's Famed jgl.
Picnic Hams; lb.... iO?C
Slater's Famous Smoked Roll
Bacon; 3
lba. for	
75c
Fresh Meet
No. 1 Pot Roaats, from 8c lb.
No. 1 Oven Roaats, from 10c lb.
No. 1 Boiling Beef, from.... 6c tb.
.No.  I  Boneless Stew  Beef,  for
 2 lbs. for 25c
STREET  AND  ELECTRIC  RAILWAY  EM-
ployeea, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
K, P. Hall, Eighth and Klnnswiiy, 1st and
3rd Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m. President, F. A. Hoover, 2408 Clarke Drive;
recording twerotary, A. V. Lotting; treaaurer,
A. F. Andrew; financial secretary md bnsiness agent, W. H. Cottrell, 166—17th Ave.
Wost. Office, corner Prior and Main Streets.
?hone, Fairmont 4504Y.
■toURNEYMBN TAILORS' UNION OF
1 America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
Ilrst Monday In each month, 8 p.m. Presl*
llent, A, R. Oatenby; vlcR-prcsldent, Mra,
^Dolh; reeordlng aeoretary, 0. McDonald, P.
\ Box SOS; flnanclal aocrotary, P. McNeish,
.„ 0, Box 503.
■JOCIETIT FOR TECHNICAL AID TO SO-
viet Russia—Vnncouver branch meets flrst
Ind third Sunday* eaoh month, 2 p.m., at 61
Wdova Street went, For information write
o branch aeoretary. S. T. A, 8. R., 61 Cor*
lora Street Weat, Vancouver. B. C.
Im-OnRAVmCAT. UNION NO. 226—Presidont, Wm. Skinner; vice-president, A.
"ncker; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelanda,
\ 0. Box 66,    Moets last Sunday ot each
Knonth at 2 p.m.
IsANAIMO TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No"
897—President, J. J. Hej.jt: vlce-proRldent,
,.t.   J,   Stewart;    aecretary-treaaurer,   L.   0.
JOllbert   P. 0. Box 47fi, Nanalmo, B. 0.
(pRTNCE RUPERT TYPOORAPHIOAL
J UNTON, No. 418—President, S. D. Mac-
■ donald. secretary-treasurer, .7 M. Campbell,
IIP. O. Box 680. Meeta last Thursday of each
| month,
Fork Fork Pork
Slater's Famous     IQl
Pork Shoulders; lb 1 e) J C
Local Lamb
Choice Meaty Roasts of Lo-
25c
cal  Lamb,
from, per  lb
Choice Prime Rolled  Roasts of
Beef from,
per lb	
Pure Pork Sausage;
per lb	
Fresh Spare Ribs;
per Ib	
Reef Shanks, all the
meat on; per lb	
Fresh Lamb's Liver;       *% g^
per lb      IOC
Fresh Calves' Liver
pel'  lb	
Grocery Speclols
Fine New Prunes, 2 lbs. for 25c
Kxtra Large Prunes, 2  His. 35c
Finest Dried Apricots,  tb 35c
Finest Dried Peaches,  lb 25c
Nlco Soft Cooking Figs,  lb   15c
15c
25c
15c
5c
25c
Slater's Special Mealy Spuds;
100  lbs. for  SSL-
Free  Delivery.
Tea Special
Tetley's Old Country /JA —
Tea; per Ib  OUC
Saladij Tea; fiftrfo
Slater's Famous Red gg_
Label Tea; per tb.... OOC
Slater's Famous Blue
Label Tea; per tb....
Marmalade and Jam
Specials
Pure Orange JJarmalade; 4-
Ib. tins, for  .'. 55c
Pure Strawberry Jam;  4-lb.
tins, for  72c
60c
At Slater's Stores
WITH FREE DELIVERY
* (By j. T. Walton Newbold]
•T-HE RUHR, and to a leaser degree,
*■ the Near Eaat have for aome time
been absorbing practically the entire
attention of all those interested In
world politics. Yet, at thla very time,
there has been taking place an enormously important orientation of forces
In an entire different quarter.
When the government of Lloyd
Qeorge went out of offlce, it appeared
aa lf the relations of Britain and the
United States promised little peace for
the near future. Lloyd Oeorge may
be said to have been the spokesman
and agent of the nationalist tendencies In British politics. He was the
agent of the Industrialists, and as
such, he stood for a militant British
assertiveness in the councils of the
world. The policy for which he and
his colleagues spoke was for a survival
of the economic phase which had passed some time, prior to his resignation. The new forces, or rather the
old forces which had regained economic power as a result of the long-
continued trade crisis, were those of
the bankers and financiers. They had,
gradually succeeded in undermining
the economic power and political influence of the Industrialists who had
raised Lloyd Oeorge to the head of the
coaUtlon, Lloyd Oeorge, had he remained at the head of the government would probably have led Britain
into a war with France, either indirectly in the East or directly in tho
West. He would not have been prepared to make the apparent submission to the United States with the
same good grace as the government of
Bonar Law and Stanley Baldwin, has
done. He was associated in the mind
of America with hostile oil Interests in
Mexico, the West Indies and Mosul.
He waa similarly committed to interests In the financial world hostile to
the domination of Chicago and New
York.
Will Not Yield
The government of Bonar Law,
while not by any means likely to yield
at all points to the United States Conservatives, has already taken a line
which is calculated to bring the United
States into alliance, though it would
be difficult to say whether this policy
only commenced with the entry of
Bonar Law into the offlce. It would j
seem that for some time previously,
there had been unofficial approaches
to America, made through banking
and commercial magnates, and which
may have had the tacit approval of
the more conservative element in the
Lloyd George government, During
the year 1922, and especially during
the latter half of it, the question which
assumed the greatest importance for
the government was not the Near
East, but the question of arriving at a
settlement with the United States government on the matter of the debt
owed to it. Coming events cast their
shadows before and we can take It
that the Geddes committee on economy in public services, was appointed
with a view to arriving at such a reduction of government expenditures as
would make possible the payment of
interest and sinking fund on the American debt. The recommendations of
this committee have by no means been
entirely followed out, but the money
saved Is certainly about equal to that
required for the Immediate charges on
the debt to America. It Is not always
the more spectacular aspects of state
policy which are worthy of our notice.
The adventures of Great Britain in
the East were nothing like, so vital an
interest to our governing class ua some
people imagine. They wer-j in [act
rather a last effort of an obsolete
phase of imperialism.
Finances tho Question
AH Important as the question of oil
Is for the British admiralty the question of finances appears even more
important ln the minds of the government as a whole. White the war had
greatly enriched the manufactures,
ship-owners and certain other profl
tee ring interests, their position had
been undermined during the two years
of depreciation by those other and
older economic interests whose capital
values, relatively depreciated during
the war, had rapidly appreciated during the last two years. In this country
at any rate,*Vhe whole banking fraternity and the mercantile houses In the
City of London have recovored the
position they occupied in the national
economy prior to 1914, but which
they lost for a while during the war.
They have, a natural predilection for
friendly relations with the United
States. British investments in South
America are Bomewhere in the neighborhood of £1,000,000,000, and that
these, like holdings in Canada, Mexico
and the West Indies would be endangered by any complications with America. We can understand how
strongly their Influence works for the
achievement of an entente between the
two English-speaking peoples. Sentiment may appear to be a link which
binds these peoples together, but in
reality ls it a class bias, an economic
community of Interest.
Financiers Dominate
Turning now to America, wo flnd
that there also, as a rosult of the terrible depression, the big Industrialists
have como once more under the domination of those financiers of Wall
Street, from whose control they had
managed to slip during the war period.
Tho Wilson administrations from
1913 to 1921 Were a visible political
expression of an effort at emancipation from Wall Street, vigorously attempted, and for a time successfully
carried out by American industrialists.
That Is to say. with the building up of
huge fortunes as a result of the expansion of American industry, to meet
lhe demands of the war-years, American big business became more self-reliant, more self-assertive and mure nationalist In character, and for a time
revolted successfully against the big
houses of Wall Stroet, whose power in
American finance was built not bo
much upon American production as
upon tho servico which they rendered
to European capital, seeking lo exploit the expanding agriculture, Industry ami trade of the United States.
The greatest achievement of the Wilson administration was undoubtedly
tho sotting up of the Federal Reserve
Bank, which sought to give American !
business men a financial sorvice at
home, guaranteed and controlled by
the American government. Just before America's entry into the wnr, the
fflrtanciers connected with the Rockefeller and the Chicago Produce Trade,
thought to cultivate an American export and carrying trade and an American economic expansion which expressed itself sometimes In terms of
decided imperialism. With the entry
of America into the war, these interests sought to build up a great mercantile marine, built at the expense
of, and constructed by the State and
intended to provide American exporters and importers with transport under the American rather than a foreign flag. From 1917 to 1921, numerous corporations were founded and
efforts made to foster American trade
and Influence throughout the American continent and the Far East Not
only that, but efforts were also made
to gain a financial footing within the
British Empire primarily in Canada,
but also in South Africa and India.
In Bonkers' Clutches
This .was the inevitable corollary of
the acquisition by the American cap!
tallsts of British holdings ln American
securities, followed as it was by ex*
tensive loans, to the British government and the Allies, It seemed, until
last year, that America intended to
assert herself aa a great world power
in active opposition, not only ln finance, but In trade and politics, to Oreat
Britain. The same phenomenon of
militant Industrialism which expressed
Itself through Lloyd Oeorge and the
coalition government, appeared in
America. The failure, however, of the
gigantic promotions of the industrial'
lsts and the Trust Companies, for the
purpose of developing export trade,
and the calamitous failure of the American Mercantile Marine, built and
promoted by the United States Shipping Board, together with the added
Inability of Europe to do business with
America, have, in America, brought ln
the same liquidation of bloated industrialism which we have witnessed in
this country. The great flnanclal
houses of Wall Street, have once more
come into their own and resumed their
sway in the world of economics. Not
only that, but the farmers of the Middle WeBt, unable to sell their produce
In any of American or European markets, have also fallen back into the
clutches of these same bankers.
Thus, while the Republican Party
came into power in 1921 with a tremendous majority, to carry into practice this policy of splendid isolation
and strident Americanism, the logic of
events has compelled President Harding to bring his party Into the service
of its traditional task-masters and pay
masters, the bankers of Wall Street ln
general and J. P. Morgan In particular.
The house of Morgan has been a
concern for the active promotion of
Anglo-American friendship and cooperation. During the war lt waa a
buying agent for the British govern
ment; it sold Immense quantities of
securities for the British government
which that government had taken
over from its subjects; It acted as
loan agent for all transactions, the
cumulative result of which Is now
seen In the stupendous debt of the
British government to America. In
every scene and on every occasion, J.
P. Morgan and Company have been
the faithful friends and close collaborators of the British governing class.
America and thc Ruhr
While Americans have a very considerable influence In Paris and have
certainly been behind the electrical industry and behind Loucheur, they are
not likely for a single moment to be In
sympathy with the policy of the
French militarists and petty bourgeoisie which is responsible for the occupation of the Ruhr. They have no
more use for French national assertiveness than for the national assertiveness of any other foreign imperialism. In fact, it in doubtful whether
Morgan and Company favor Imperialism at all. They arc essentially the
agents of the international bond-holding Interests that are a force likely to
favor the regime of the League of Nations whtch, there Is reason to believe,
haB Its active though secret aid at
every turn. They also, like Bonar
Law, desire tranquility. Tranquility
Ib, of course, just what merchant bankers and bond holders want.
While It would seem at first sight
that the Americuns have driven a hard
bargain with the British government
In the matter of the funding of the
debt, It is now evident that the British
have not done so badly. The Americans have quietly dropped the Ship
ping: Subsidy BUI, which was causing
Intense anxiety to Hritish shipowners,
and which, had it been proceeded
with, would without question, have resulted ln the bankruptcy of British
shipping or, at an early date, war between this country anil Amorica,
This abandonment of State guarantee for the American shipping industry means, in effect, the actual abandonment of the attempt to build up a
great American mercantile marine, for
it Is quite realized that without such
governmental assistance It Is impossible for the United States Ship-owners
to hold their own against the moro
firmly established and infinitely more
experienced British ship-owners, Here
again we see the influence of this
great house which, while controlling
the International Mercantile Company
and its great subsidiary lines, the_
Whlte Star, the Red Slar and others,'
sails them undor the Union Jack as
British ships.
On top of all this, we have the proposal on the part of the Amorican
President, that America, while not entering the League of Nations, shall appoint its judges , upon the International Court established in the League.
This coming together of the American and the British financial oligarchy and the harmonious relations being established between the respective oxecutive committees, are phenomena which deserve our most earnest
attention. Whut is coming into existonce is an alliance of bondholders,
and alliance uf creditors, and an alliance of international owners of abstract property. The Amcrlcnrt government and the British government
will come together as agents of the
mortgage-holders of the continent.
They both desire and will see that tbey
got tranquility, however drastic the
measures of repression which moy be
necessary. Together, they will guarantee the supremacy of the League of
Nations, together they will formulate
a code of laws to govern lhe hopeless
Trades Council Has
Lively Meeting
 (Continued from page I)
big corporation of business men and ' millions who, for the next eight}
granting of the lease and stated that
it would be Impossible for the Parks
Board to run an exhibition.
Delegate Herrett also supported Alderman Pettlplece, who he claimed,
was supported by the general public
Slipping It Over
Delegate Thom said tt seemed that
the other class was trying to slip it
over the workers, and that lt was a
political game all through; they come
to us when they want something, and
why cannot the Parks Board handle
the situation and make the money, he
asked? He also stated that in the
East there was no park or the people,
while in the West End there were tennis courts and all kinds of parks.
Delegate Hardy asked the council
to see the difference between a private
corporation and a civic institution
Buch as the Parks Board. He also
pointed out that the council had gone
on record bb being in favor of public
ownership, and asked if the council
was now going to reverse its policy?
It was finally decided that the matter be referred to a committee, consisting of Delegates Hardy, Cory and
Hunt, to report at the next meeting
of the council.
Water Works Scheme
Mayor Tlsdall's greater water works
scheme was Introduced by Secretary
Bengough, who stated that about 30
representatives of Labor had been
present at the dinner in the Vancouver Hotel on Monday evening, when
the proposal was outlined. The motion was then made to endorse the
principle.
Delegate Pettlplece opposed this,
stating that he thought there should
be aome investigation Into the proposals. Delegate Rankin also favored
this course being taken until such
time aB the adjacent municipalities
were alamgamated with the city, he
also stated that lt looked like a scheme
to provide political jobs for Incompetent persons.
Delegate Hardy stated that he had
no opposition to offer against men
sitting on public bodies who were
elected, but he did object to political
appointments.
The following committee was appointed to Investigate the proposals,
after the motion to endorse was lost:
Delegates Dunn, Rankin and Secretary Bengough.
Level Crossings
Dele-rate Herrett raised the question of the elimination of the Hastings
and Carrall Streets crossing, stating
that prior to the war, such a move
had been contemplated, and moved
that a letter be sent to the City Council urging the elimination of this crossing.
Another delegate suggested that
the B. C. Electric Railway should not
be allowed to use this crossing for the
freight trains. The motion to send
the letter to the City Council was adopted.
On a recommendation of the executive, the building committee was
given power to arrange for a show so
thnt funds could be raised for a Labor
building.
Pile Drivers' Strike
Tho Pile Drivers and Wooden
Bridge Men reported that their members were on strike, but that some
employers had signed up, and asked
for the assistance of the carpenters
and steam engineers.
Thc Painters reported trade slack,
but active work being done in organizing.
Delegate Pettlplece reported that he
had been successful ln having a clause
inserted In the contracts for the hiring of teams by the City Council that
the union rate of wages would be paid,
The Building Trades committee reported progress In the organization of
a Federal Labor Union.
After the Union Label committee
had reported that thc last dance had
been a financial success and that u
full statement would be rendered as
soon as ull bills were In, and that a
beneflt dance would be held for the
locked-out cigarmakers on the 4th, it
waB decided to purchase $lfi worth of
tickets as a donation to the cigarmakers.
Delegate Herrett, In reporting,
pointed out thnt while the men had
been out for over two-years, this was
thp flrst time that they had appealed
for assistance.
L. R. ('. Success
The delegates to the Labor Repre
se ntation Committee reported thut
the constitution hud been adopted at
a meeting held on Monday night, aud
that all locals would be supplied with
a copy in the near future. Speaking
to the report. Delegate Rankin referred to the work done in electing It. 10,
Ftlgby ns a member of the South Vancouver School Board, and voiced the
opinion that this was a good success
for a  Ilrst effort.
The Musicians announced that they
had started a trade paper called "The
liiitIsh  Columbia   Musician."
On a vote of IS to 17, which was
not a sulllclent majority to suspend
the rules. .1. O. Smith, a delegate from
the Carpenters Union, Local 452, was
not seated, and his credentials returned to the local to have thom made
ou6 on a proper credential form. During the discussion on thla matter, Secretary Pago of the Carpenters, pointed out that he had mislaid tho credential form and written it on an official letter head.
A good ileal of discussion arose out
of the motion to return the credential.
Delegate Hankin taking tbe stand that
11 was not because the credential was
not in proper form, but because It was
J. O. Smith who wns tho delegate.
He also stnted thnt for twelve years
Bro, Smith had been an activo worker
In tbo Labor movement in Vancouver,
and If be had not beon a member of
his local for a year, the raising of Ihis
point was but camouflage.
A communication was received from
the School Board, acknowledging the
receipt of a protest from lhe council
against awarding of n contract for
cadet uniforms to Qault Brothers, was
read. The secretary pointed out thnt
thc letter, which the council sent making the protest, was sent hy special
delivery nn the day on which the contract was hwnnled, while the letter
acknowledging  same   was   dated   two
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for $59
Ifs made expressly for and sold exclusively
by the H.B.C. It's a range value that has no
equal in Canada. It's a range of excellent
appearance, good weight and fine finish, fitted
with six oooking boles, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19xl6xl-%-inch oven. The range is fully
trimmed, has high warming closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It's a splendid baker
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least 126.00 more
than we are asking for it, and if s only by quantity buying and dose selling, that we can offer
them at tliis matchless price—
$59
-CASH OR TERMS-
Hudson's Bay Company
hundred  years, shall  have  one  duty,
and  one duty only—to toll  ceaselessly
to pay off a debt incurred In order to
y to a   made the world "safe for democracy."
WORLI MEWS II
BRIEF PARMMPHS
Seattle.—Unton miners of District
No. 10 are balloting on a new wage
agreement covering miners working
by the day. District officers are advising the acceptance of a cut of
)1.26 from the $8.25 scale. About
one-third or the 2000 working members of this district will be affected;
the rest are working on a contract
basis. Plans are being prepared fon
an Intensive organization campaign
to line up 1S00 workers In non-union
mines if the new scale Is adopted,
San Francisco—Paul Scharrenberg,
secretary California Federation of Labor, has been dropped by Governor
Richardson from the State Immigration and housing committee, of which
he has been a member since Its foundation In 1914. His removal 1b attributed to his activity tn behalf of Labor legislation and his opposition to
the governor's antt-Iabor and anti-
welfare economy budget. !
St. Loula—Union furniture movers,
drivers and helpers here have secured
a wage Increase of 10 cents an hour.
This returns the men to the scale ln
dnys afterwards. The communication
was left In the hands of the president.
Other communications received
was one from the British Labor Party
assuring the council that they understood the conditions of labor ln Canada, and replying to one sent by the
council against Immigration. The
other was one from the Toronto District Labor Council advocating a universal union label, instead of the large
number now In vogue covering different crafts and workers. This was referred to the Label Committee for report. The council adjourned at 11
p. m.
effect before a reduction was accepted
abotu a year ago. The new agreement, effective May 1, provides for 60
cents an hour for packers and chauffeurs, and 56 cents an hour for helpers. 	
San Francisco—At the opening of
the salmon season, the Alaska Fishermen's Union wilt atrlke all along the
coast unless the packers agree to pay
a higher rate per flsh. -The union ls
strong here, and a strike would tie up
the whole Industry as this Is highly
skilled labor. The Increase demanded
Is from 7 to 8 cents for each red salmon delivered at Bristol Bay,
New York—"The decision of Secretary of State Hughes to bar Bkaterine
Kalinin, wife of the President of the
Russian Republic, from this country,
was In harmony with American capitalism's attitude toward children,"
says J. Louis Engdahl. "The nation
that boasts a supreme court that has
declared an anti-child labor law unconstitutional, cannot be expected to
care much for the children of other
lands."
Berlin.—Another reactionary coup
d'etat ls being 'planned In Oermany.
The Fascist organizations are standing by, ready to threaten the Cuno
government if its shows signs of listening to the demand throughout the
country for a reasonable solution of
the Ruhr problem, which might Involve sacrifices for the oligarchy of
capitalists who control Oerman Industry. As the Ruhr situation develops more and more Into a deadlock,
the Fascisti organizations become
more active.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
BAEEI8IBEH,  BOLIOITOM. ITO.
401-408 Metropolitan  Baildlaf
837 Hwtlngi St. W. VAHOOUVEB, B. 0.
Telephones: Seymonr 88M ud 6687
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 y«»rs
been British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has been spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
Cascade PAGE FOUR
fifteenth tbab.  No. is BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b.c,
FRIDAY May 4, 19
Woven
Shirts
Reg. $3 Value
These Shirts are in all sizes and all sleeve lengths; they
are guaranteed absolutely fast color, and have been made
up especially "for us by one of the largest shirt manufacturers in Canada, from flne imported English shirtings in
new striped effects,  Take your choice at
$1.95
Union Made Overalls
Reg. $2.50
The celebrated 0. W. G. brand in black, blue, or blue
striped. Superior finish throughout. Bib style with
elactic braces. An Overall of quality which is regularly
sold at $2.50.  Our leader at only—
$2.00
Coats to match above at same special price.
Khaki Pants
A strong work Pant in khaki, finished with belt loops,
pockets and cuff.  An honest value at $2.50, selling at—
$1.95
WILLIAM DICK UMITED
45-49 Hastings St., East
"The Sun" Shedding Light
*«««««
Publishes a Letter by Dr. Curry
HI POWERFUL
LET1X2S10 R
W.
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not. necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed is accepted by the management.)
Alasl tho Poor Printer
Tho Mystery GrowH
Editor B. C. Fedorationist—Sir:
What is the meanlnR of that appearing above Harrington's name? queries
Billsack, snappishly, and the editor
solemnly puts thc solution up to Russia.
Kindly allow me to object.
I don't know how Billsack sensed it,
but what appeared above my name Is
not what I wrote and, part of the obscurities at any rate can be charged,
let us say, to the printer.
Tho substitution of a litle common-
sense for such klddlsh capers as dragging ftussla Into every backyard wrangle would tend to make Russian advocates In this country lens farcical.
Yours truly,
J.  HARRINCJTON.
[Note by Editor—The above letter
was received on the 24th, and Comrade Harrington waB phoned to ask
him if he Insinuated that the letter
he had written had been deliberately
changed.    He stated that he was un-
DANCING
Btety Mod., Wed. ud Sit. Evening,
THE NEW ALEXANDRA
DANCING PAVILION
___ HOBNBY ST. Opp. Court Houn
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
48K   CORDOVA  STREET  EAST
K very thing Modern
Rates Reasonable
HERE is somewhere a verse, in thefwhtch our real statesmen believe will
Bible, which is as follows: "If their
light la darkness, how great is that
darkness."
This text might well be applied to
many of the news items, and editorial
comments of the daily press In general, regarding the great problems of
Labor, which are, ln reality the great
problems of the human race. But
for some reason, the Vancouver Sun
occasionally Jumps over the traces of
its masters, and kicks over holy things
such as "Patriotism, Boy Scout movements, and war pictures for our
schools." It does this occasionally,
through the publication of letters. To
prove this, we reproduce the following
letter, from which for lack ol* space,
several paragraphs were omitted in
the Sun. This Included the reference
to J. S, Woodsworth's seditious utterances In quoting Isaiah,
and also the paragraph containing
Bernard Shaw's suggestion, and the
one following. However, 30,000 or
40,000 copies of this abridged condemnation of false patriotism circulated throughout this Province in a
day, shows what judicious activity
might do if this method were enlarged
upon: W. J. C.
Aro We Preparing for Another Wnr?
A Reply to a School Principal
Editor Sun: Accept my congratulations. You have shown independence,
even daring tu oppose war pictures
and military propaganda for our school
children. To some of the guardians
of our country, this opposition to militarism is treason to the Empire, and
an attempt to substitute the Red flag
for British law and order.
We remember that a few years
ago a present member of our Federal
House was indicted for .seditious utterances. One of the counts was that he
published certain verses of that old
peace-loving democrat Isaiah. This
would be humorous if it were not serious, And we also remember that
Jesus, the Carpenter, was crucified for
sedition and blasphemy by the flag-
waving patriots of his day.
As hate begets hate, so lho "Great
War to End War" is, through the efforts of soem of our loading citizens,
.preparing the minds and morals of our
peoplo for another carnival of blood
and destruction, and doubtless through
the desires for territory, trade or oil.
a plausible pretext will be found, as
it was before.
Lloyd Oeorge, in speaking of the
world wur some time ago, declared
that the nations staggered or glided
Into it, and that a meeting of statesmen could have saved the world from
that calamity. If the minds of the
younger generation are to be fed on
national antagonism, fear and ambi
tion to fight and conquer, we may ere
long stagger into another  cataclysm
destroy civilization itself .
But, if after two thousand years of
Christianity, we can be made sufficiently drunk on patriotism to stagger
Into suicide, then we had better go
and permit the heathen to try his
hand at ruling humanity.
Bernard Shaw lias suggested that
this world as it is today, must be the
lunatic asylum of the universe. Science affirms that we have been struggling up from the primordal ooze for
millions of years. Our pre-human and
savage ancestors conquered the great
Ice ages and Innumerable enemies.
Modern man has weighed the atom
and the star, and made obedient servants of the gods and devils of the
past. He flashes messages around the
world swifter than the wings of light.
If after all this, he uses his powers
over matter and force to destroy the
crowning products of creation, then it
seems that civilization is only flt for
destruction, and that so far man has
builded on a false foundation.
A few days ago the principal of a
West End school publicly stated that
we who are writing against war pictures and militarism for our boys, do
so only for notoriety.
Mr. Editor, you are publishing the
publishing the greatest story of mankind ever written, and this history
tells us that the destruction of ancient
empires was not the work of reformers or the slave classes, but of Imperialistic profiteers and war lords.
It was not tbe teachings of the rebel
carpenter and His Communist followers which scattered the Jews and destroyed ancient Rome, but rather the
blind greed of her rulers and leading
citizens. It was the corruption and
tyranny of thc rulers of Russia which
brought revolution and destroyed the
empire of the Czar. It was war propaganda In the schools nnd the swaggering war lords and greedy exploiters
whicli brought low the empire of Germany, while today it is the same war
lust and greed which is glutting the
beast instinct of vengeance on the
prostrate people of Germany and hastening imperial France towards tho
abyss of ruin.
I would inform our school principal
that whilo he is taking tbe easy road
(hat this smooth path for individuals
as for nations is sometimes the easy
guide downward. To climb means a
struggle, whero we meet opposition on
all sides.
Tbe crown of thorns and the cross
is frequently the lot of those who help
the world upward to progress and
light. History proves that sooner or
later thoy who base thcir faith on th
sword of brute force, shall perish by
that sword, and it may be that the
patriotism of today will prove itself
tomorrow to be treason to our countr
and to our race.
W. J. CURRY,
Dominion Building,
Vancouver, B. C.
Constitutes GoverningBody
of Lumber Industry
of B. C.
der that impression, and had been informed that the writer of the article
which he (Harrington) replied to, had
boasted that he had made the
alteration. He was then asked
if he had a copy of the original
and stated that he would send lt along
and was then told that the proof of
the letter in question would be gone
over, and the trouble located. Later
Comrade Harrington sent a letter stating that he had not a copy; that In
the flrst place two copies were made,
but not a carbon copy, and as his original letter had been destroyed, the
proof was gono over to see if by any
chance anyone had made any alterations In the letter, as flrst set In type,
■Mid there has not been any such thing
done. If there is a fault at all on the
part of The Federationist. it is a typo
graphical fault, but as the proof was
read twice, we can only surmise that
the one who copied thc letter In the
first placo either made the mistake or
that tho writer of the original did not
express what he intended to do. But
there Is no truth In the Insinuation
that the letter was changed by even
the eradication or addition of a single
letter,
In connection wltb this controversy,
the Western Clarion comments that
,F. Kavanagh wrote a letter to The
Federationist on the same subject.
The lettor was received, but has not
been published, as the matter contained therein did not confine Itself to
the matter under discussion, and contained nothing of sufflclent importance
to warrant Its publication.
Tho Clarion wishes The Federatlonist to explain why Comrade Harrington's letter was not published. Pon-
Hlbly the above will suffice, and if the
editor of tbo Clarion had consulted
Harrington, he might have learned tho
reason, before be asked his question,!
Ten Years Needed
to Complete Change
(Continued from page X)
Paris.—Whatever the result of the
Ruhr occupation, it is certain, in the
opinion of labor men here, thut the
French Iron-masters and the German
coal owners wiU come to an agreement, in which tho French obtain at
least a half-Interest In a Ruhr-Lorraine stool trust. Such a settlement
would merely complete France's present military supremacy by an economic supremacy In Europe.
suffered by the death of Liebknecht
and Rosa Luxemburg. The growth
of the German Fascisti and the Ruhr
invasion, Is being met by the
Increasing militancy of the workers,
ii! the Communist and shop stewards
movement In Germany. The Social Democrats are opposed to
social revolution, claimed the speaker,
but when the next revolution takes
place in Germany, thero will be no
handing back of the swords to the
junkers to cut off the heads of the
workers. When the German revolution does come, the Russian revolution will look like a Sunday school
picnic by comparison, because the
workers of Germany realize that
ruthlessheas can only be met with
ruthlessness.
Delegates Greeted
The speaker noxt described the entrance of the delegates to the Communist International Congress, which,
ho stated, was held on soil that belonged, not only to the Russian worker, hut to the International proletariat. A surge of life and cheer
went through the delegates as they
passed through thc streets of Moscow,
greeted by the groat crowds, and the
Red army lining the course of entry.
The streets were decorated in honor
of the celebration of the flfth anniversary of the .Soviet revolution, a revolution which had succeeded against
counter-revolution, intrigue, blockade
and starvation. There was no doubt
in the mind of the speaker that the
Russian workers are the greatest he
which 800,000 people took part, showod that the workers want to get from
under the dictatorship; a demonstration prepared to acclaim their own
victory while the European workers
were ready at all times to welcome
the victory of their masters.
The Congress itself was next dealt
with, which the speakor declared was
opened in tbe throne room of the late
Czar, and he stated that when the
British Labor Party was prepared to
open Its sessions in Buckingham Palace, then it will be a party of the
working class.
British Labor
Referring to the British Labor Party's failures, the speaker pointed out
that when in 1913, the ruling class
was framing for a world war, the La**
bor Party framed Its policies to
support the Lloyd George policies, and
that the Gompers party had become
the recruiting agents for Wilson and
his fourteen myths. He drew a contrast betweon tho Communist International and the Labor Parties, by describing how the first congress had
proclaimed that the alternatives facing the Labor movement was either
to establish a proletarian dictatorship
or to suffer a greater bourgeoise dictatorship.
The Labor movement in general was
next dealt wilh. and tho speakor took
the position that factionalism In the
Labor movement sabotaged It. It was
not only necessary to havo a wave of
unrost but to have a unified leadership,
and thnt If these things did not obtain, then the workers are lend astray
by the reactionaries, mid that revolutionary crises are lost for lack of organization. What Is lacking, said the
speaker, Is the revolutionary will In
the working class movement, and
that is why the working class Is split
Employers'  Attacks   Only
Can Be Met by Workers
Organizing
[By H. M. Bartholomew]
The Inevitable tendency of capitalist
administration Is towards an industrial basis. The powerful Federation
of British Industries, with its interlocking directorates and associations
throughout the British Empire, is conclusive proof of this contention, for it
is subdivided into industrial councils.
In British Columbia, the same tendency is made manifest. According
to a recent issue of The Financial
Times, lumbering is the greatest single
Industry in that Province.
"Over 20,000 persons flnd employment in one or other branches of the
timber industry .about half of them in
the woods, and the remainder in the
sawmills and other wood-working
plants. Moro than that, at least half
of the trade and commerce of British
Columbia depends directly or indirectly on the timber industry."
It Is interesting, therefore, to know
just how the lumber companies are
organized. The Timber Industries
Council of British Columbia wns formed sevoral years ugo. It is composed
of representatives from each of the
original independent associations, one
representative fro mcach association
being a director, the directors forming
the executivo of the council with a
president and managing director. This
council, thus composed, has tremendous powers, and constitutes the governing body in the lumber industry of
the Province,
Thero are, in British Columbia, tho
following bodios representing sections
of the lumber industry, and all now
alliliated with the powerful council
mentioned above;
The B, C. Lumber and Shinglo
Manufacturers Association, formed by
tho coast mills in 1900, with Vancouver as its headquarters.
Thc Mountain Lumber Manufacturers Association, founded in 1904, with
headquartera at Nelson,
Thc B, C. Loggers Association, organized by the coast logging operators
in 1997, with headquarters at Vnncouver.
The Shinglo Association of 13, C,
formed In 1910, by the shingle manufacturers, first as a selling agency, and
later with a much broader basis of
organization.
The Timber Holders -Association,
formed two years ago, comprising in
Its membership holders of timber under all forms of tenure in the Prov-
ince.
The B. C. Box Manufacturers have
an association on identical lines with
the Canadian Manufacturers Associa
tion, whilst the northern spruce mills
have organized with headquarters at
Prince Rupert.
With such powerful ulflliations, the
council, organize industrially, exertB
tremendous power in the lumber industry, and provided us wit hunotltor
argument, in favor of Industrial union
ism for the workers.
roes In history, and he staled that a
man who would gibe at the Russian! «»d any splitting away of tho militant
workers is not Ht to be
Cigar makers' Benefit Dunce
All trade unionists should attend
the Cigarmakers' Benefit Whist Drive
and Dance tonight (Friday), in the
Alexandra Pavilion, corner Homo;
and Robson Streets. The Cigar
makers have been locked out for over
two years, and the Label Committee
of the Trades Conncil bas arranged
this function to aid them.
Toronto.—Labor day is not the
celebration of an event of national
Interest, according to the judgment of
the Ontario supreme court. This was
the reuson given by tho court for refusing to give the city of Ottawa permission to vote $400 for a Labor day
celebration. The court made permanent an Injunction against such n
vote by the city council.
Where QUALITY
Counts and
Likewise PRICE
-AT-
CAL-VAN
MARKET
OPPOSITE PANTAGES THEATRE
heard by nny
working class audience,
Gavo Their Lives
Continuing, tho speaker stated that
the Russians hnd given their lives and
hlood to establish the most stable governmont in the world, and now they
are on their way to the seeond, tbe
economic stage of the revolution; they
declare they will win the second stage
as they did the first, and will go to
even greater lengths to save the revo
lution.
Referring to a visit to Petrograd, he
statod that the delegates were mot by
a mass of Russian workers, and the
Red army, and Ihe delegates split up
to address hunlreds of meetings:
address workers In factories, and tbat
Johnson and Ashley, whom tlie speaker Jocularly referred to as two Chicago bums, had to go to Kronstadt,
where arches were erected in their
honor,
Tlie Red Square
A scone on ibe Red Squnre of Moscow was next dosorlbed, and tlie arrival of Trotsky, who was greeted b.v
a salule from the Red army, which
made B perfect reverberation of thunderous applause, and paid a tribute to
the man who, when ho took a stop,
shook the bourgeoisie of the world.
The Red army, said tho speaker, is
the soul of the, Russian revolution.
It Is different; it Is thc army of the
Red International, and filled with such
a spirit thnt It will not permit the
Gorman workers to be crushed by the
ruling class.
Referring to this demonstration, the
opposed by tho Red International.
Ileal the Breaches
Heal the splits, urged the speaker;
lot us sond our exponents Into parliaments, so that wben tbo bourgeoise
representatives lie we cnn expose them.
The twenty-one points of the Communist International stick in the gullets
of the reformist.--, and if you Hnd any
Socialists who does not conform'to the
Communist policy, then you can know
that they are not revolutionists, said
the  speaker.
How the policy of the Ilitoiiuilional
should be carried out. was then dealt
with, and the speaker snld lhat this
had beon dealt with by the Third
Congress, and that it could uot bo done
by study-classes In economics,
although that is necessary, but
through the militant elements going
right Into the heart of tho working
class movement. If il is only for an
Increase of Ave cents per dny, the
militants should ba in that struggle.
The living experience of the Working
class, that Is the process of education.
Tbe fourth Congress found the work
ers In retreat, and the ruling elites oi
the offensive. In 1917, when the working class was on the offensive the
rilling class backed up nnd marie concessions, but the leadership of the
workera was faulty, and lhe hour
won, and tho capitalistic offensW
dny dikes the form nf open terrorism
and Fascism and nn open military
dictatorship.
The speaker then referred to the
struggles of the Nova Scotia and Alborta miners, and th*' methods employed In those mining nrcas to break
Solid Leather Shoes
A Reputation that Brings
Customers
A Ladles' Special that will particularly appeal to you.,
About SOO pairs In all, of Ladles' Patent Leather, one-strap
Slippers; brown calf Oxfords,
with Cuban heels, black kid one-
strap Slippers and gunmetal
Oxfords, with low heels. Those
nro lines tlwt sold from $7.00 to
•8.50 per pair.
To clear	
$3.95
PIERRE PARIS
51 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Loggers: Aristocrats of
Labor
(Continued from Page 1)
the place of tbe skilled men driven
out by the blacklist from time to
time, appears to be very easily accounted for In spito of the silly absurd excuses^ offered by those who
certainly should know better.
Fresh from one of these camps,
with tho encrusted mud not yet completely dried on my clothes, I can
say the camps described by the
writer In tho Daily Province are a
figment of his imagination in as tar
as his description applies to logging
camps In general on the Pacific Coast,
whero the conditions are perhaps less
intolerable than In the swine pens
and dog kennels further East.
The chances of promotion in the j
logging industry are nbout on a par j
With the chances of promotion promised the young husky raw recruit |
who took part in the late blooody
bacchanal of capitalism; that Devil's
jest, a war for bourgeois democracy.
A war to make a country flt for
heroes to live in (not to mention a
logging camp . The slaves wero en-
hunted at that time by the prospect
that "the humblest private might possibly some day carry the Field Marshal's baton." It was a damned slim
chance and thc same applies to the
business of logging.
To starve a good work horse or
mule would be false economy on the
part of the driver or owner, and a
logger is fed for the very same
reason.
Free bedding is as rare as radio
concerts, and radio concerts in a logging camp ore as rare as ice water
in Hell. True to type, the masters
first flatter and deceive their dupeB In
order to more easily enchain them.
The budding young logger has our
assurance that cold shower baths are
a regular feature of all logging camps
on the Coast during the winter
i mnths, when he may revel in tho delights of a cold shower running In
little rivulets down his back, and filling his caulked shoes during eight
hours of a wintry day. When water
connections are usually frozen, wo
must leave the hot "bawths" to the
phantasy of writers to tbe Dally
Province.
The writer has a vivid recollection
of a logger taking his "bawth" some
years ago in a Coast camp. The
modus operandi was simplicity itself, conveniently and dexterously accomplished by merely removing a
plank from the bunk bouse floor, and
doing the spring board dive Into the
ley waters of the creek which flowed
below. "A bally rough-neck stunt,
doncherknow."
Whatever improvement has taken
place in tho logging camps is the result of the organized pressure of the
logger, and hot to a sudden change of
heart on the part of the owners.
Moral: ORGANIZE, YOt7 SLAVES
OF THE FOREST.
spenker usked If a demonstration in-the miners' organizations, and urged
greater resistance on tbe part of all
workers.
Urges I'nltc-l Front
The speaker, in words whicli left no
misunderstanding, concluded his ad
dress by urging a united front on tbo
American continent. Me statod that
no revolution could bo achieved wilh
out the masses, and militant loader
ship. The removal of splits aud the
healing of the breaches in the rnnks
of Lalior and an attompt to win the
masses to tho revolutionary movemonl
not by calling leaders names, but
through the participation of the militants in the overy day struggle of Ihe
workers, and by so doing, tearing the
workors away from (hose sections who
are opposed to unity and the struggle
against capitalism, Tho problem In
America, is to build up the Labor
movement, and to do away with the
dual unions; to bring about the united
front; to struggle for amalgamation,
and by so doing, slinking up the worker and mn Icing bim lb Ink. The
speaker then made the statement
made b.v Trotsky, and did so when ho
referred to those who slightingly referred to Russia's new economic policy, in which trading was legalized,
but he stated if you do not like the
present policy of Soviet Russia, why
not have a revolution the world over
and let the Russians doal with tho
workers instead of the capitalists?
At the closo of lhe address, a collection of $72,50 was taken, and thon
questions wore asked and answered
by the spenker, one of which was: "Ifl
it true that Bill Haywood would sooner
be In jail In the United States than
live in Soviet Russia?" The speaker replied, that "he had met Big Rill nearly everyday while In Russia, and that
he wns still In his right mind." This
answer evidently gave the audience
the satisfaction which was wanted. If
the applause could be taken as any
criterion. The meeting closed at 10:30
p.m., half an hour after It should
havo been closod, which denotes the
Intorest aroused.
Help the locked-out Cigarmakers
of Vancouver by attending the Beneflt Whist Drive and Dance tonight
(Friday), at the Alexandra Pavilion,
Good prizes for whist, and 16 other
prizes. Souvenirs will be given to all.
BRUCE
SUITS
GIVE
YOU
THE
MAXIMUM
VALUE
AT
THE
MINIMUM
PRICE.
$21.50 $25
$29.50
CD. BRUCE
LIMITED
Cor.  Homer and Hastings
Hnnd  your neighbor thiB copy
The    Federatlonist,    and    then
nround next day for a subscription.
—FOR—
UNION   LABEL   CIGARS
'    —GO TO—
BERT'S
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Comer
PENDER and HOMER STS.
Prop., A, ADAMS, Typo, Union 226 ]
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Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
48 Hustings Street Eost 2—STORES—2 B55 Granville Street
Se.v. !>S8-(I._ "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 9S13-I39J
gTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.   Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
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TO PARTICULAR MEN —
STORRY & McPHERSON
Upstairs at 653 OBANVILLE STREET
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