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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 30, 1920

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i    _   , '. H.—-■■ mhwIi ^,--.-'■'.,. i ■ ■■■-■   ■ /;£.-i-».i.. Vii  " -—-**•*
VANcpuvfiB,B.c,frtoaI?Corning, april30,i92o
$2.00 PER YEAR
Sexual Horror Liberated
by France on the
Rhine .
Deliberate Policy to Ruin
and Humiliate a Whole
The artlole we publish below ii
Irom th* pen of Mr. E. D. Morel;
In tho London Daily Mail, io a
revelation oo, horrlblo that only tho
otrongeat Him that It lo our duty
to lot tho pnblla know what Is bo-
Ine done would Induce ui to publish
it •
.Particularly we want to guard
agalnit tha assumption that we are
acquiescing In the policy of raising hostility betwoen Qreat Britain
and France. ' The French people
are innocent.
Still more strictly would we guard
against the Idea that we are encur-
aglng color prejudice. But for the
vory roason that we champion the
rights of the African native in his
own home, wo deplore' that he
should bo used as a mere instrument of revenge by an imperialist
Commenting on the article, the
editor of the Daily Herald says:
"It ta an odious outrage to bring
thousands of children of the forests
from Africa to Europe without
their womenfolk, and settle them
down as enemies amongst the women and ohlldren of Germany,
Are tbo Christians of Europe,
who'.ratio millions of pounds annually- to teach the heathen .the
bleosings of. monogamy, going to
remain silent before the. sexual outrages that. are. being committed ?
For organised Labor there Is another qaeation, too. If the manhood, of theae races, not so advanced la .tha forms of civilisation
as ourselves, aro to be used ngainst
Germans, ' .why not against the
workers horo or elsewhere?.
By B. D. Morel
"In addition to Frankfurt,
Darmstadt, Offenbach, Hunau,
Homburg and Wiesbaden have been
occupied. '■.."'   ■;    The troops
ttO.OOt)    Obnsltted    entirely    of
(Hnegaloo* blactmen, only the ef-
.. doers )**l«g wh(t«. .r-Dally papers,
April'..!;.'.'; _' '.''''..
•'•■''.       ' Woma Outnc*!    " ""'
The French mlllatrlats are per-
petratlng an abonlmkbio Outrage
upon womanhood, upon the white
race, and upon civilisation. ./Not
content with using hundreds of
thousands of primitive Africnn
barbarians in the war, who stuffed
their haversacks with eye-balls,
earn end heads of the foe, they are
over-running Europe with them
(Continued on page I)
Says $20,000,000 Is Spent. Yeatlt
to Pay the Expenses of
Labor Leaden
Boston—The One Big Union idea
It. being advocated ln addresses
here by J. J. Reynolds,, third vice-
president and organiser of the
American Federation of Labor.
Workers aro urged to unite in one
big union, and "get rid of the Labor leaders. Labor operators, and
lbe Labor meal tickets'and save an
expense of 420,010,000 a year,"
Reynolds says that the organization had nothing, to do "with the
Industrial upheaval which Is going
on throughout this oountry," Not
a single one of the members, he
declared, was Involved In the unauthorised' railroad strike.
The' recent upheaval was a spontaneous uprising of railroad men
yibo were overworked, underfed,
underpaid and who we're disgusted
with their-leaders, who have not
produced results."  .
Some Companies Still Discriminate Against
Therl are some lumber companies operating on the coast who
seem determined aot to allow any
camp delegates to ba In camp. The
Blodell, Stewart A Welsh Co. at
Myrtle Point, tired tho delegate
for no other reason than that he
was "acting as delegate. One of the
representatives of tho company
stated at a meeting of the employors and employees, held In camp,
that they knew there was a delegate ln camp, that they had nothing
against tho man so far as his work
was concerned; but that he would
either have to quit his activities
as delegate or leave camp. He left
camp. This same company flred
another man because he acted as
chairman at a camp meeting. This
particular outfit Is about the most
efficient proflt extracting Institution
on the coast. All work Is done by
piece work, so any member of the
Lumber Workers Union who wants
to conserve his energy had better
give this place a wide berth, until
the company shows a more amicable frame of mind. Perhaps when
thoy see that their profits aro falling because they cannot get mun,
then they may be ready to tnlk
Abemethy ft Lougheed at Stave
Falls, is also a good place to. stay
from. Every delegate who goes
Into their camp hits the trail for
town as.Boon .as he starts business.
No newspapers with a better reputation than thc Vancouver dallies
are allowed In cnmp. Some papers
were Bent there by parcel post, hut
they never were taken out of the
post office; the reason given .for
this was that there was not onough
room In the gaa boat for them.
The men empoyed at Camp 1,
Port Neville, came out on strike
last week. The foreman fired the
delegate, and the men came out on
strike, demanding that ke be reinstated.        '
The men employed at Camp ;C.
Capilano Timber Co., came out on
strike on Saturday, 24th Inst. The
company WOtfld. riot furnish the.
cook with the supplies that he ask*
ed for, therefore, he quit,-and so
did tha rOei'bt the crew. vTKls
-oompany has .'been very hostile to
the. union—and the result is trouble. It Is strange' that some of
these bosses, never .get a littlo. Ita*
•on in their marble domes,"
' ' tho pastern Lumber CO.-.J& Lady-
smith la on strike, tho men diihand-
Ihjjiii (-hour day.
The Lako Lumber Co. at Quall-
cUm Beach thought they had a
dangerous radical In camp, whd
was acting as.'delegate; they therefore, decided to flre him—result a
strike. Seeing that this Is their
flrst strike, we hpe that they will
know' better netx time.
Among the latest news of world
events that was displayed on the
front page of the Vancouver Province for April 2Cth, wo notice the
men employed at the Doly Varden
mine are on strike, nnd are asking
"for innovations such as the abolition ot double bunks, the Installation of white sheets, blankets and
pillow cases; and finally, demanded
the recognition of the O. B. U., and
that thero be no discrimination
against the leaders of tho strikes.
The brazen audacity of these men
Just think of it? Men working
around a mine asking tor white
sheets, blankets and- pillow cases.
Evidently these are comforts that
"only' the boss should have, but
some peoplo arc never satisfied.
One wonders how tho ownor ot
thiB mine would like to carry his
bed all over the oountry, anil when
night came, after a hard day's
work, crawl up In a top bunk,
Would he' have the nerve to ask
for something better, or' would he
not havo the nerve? Probably the
editor of the Province, out of the
depths of his knowledge, might bo
able to tell us.
Put a one-cent slump on this
paper and mall it to a friend.
ili.illliniiiiiwil . |,|"t.,| ll .x.,i.n. I e , , I
i ,.,i»i, *h... , .
THE CELEBRATION of Hay Day is tlie celebration ol th* birth of spring. It has been customary in all countries
from time immemorial to rejoice and to give expression in some form or another to the pleasure felt when the
flowers and the sunshine once again beautified the earth. The peoples of Italy and Greece, thousands of years ago, made
floral offerings at this period to the gods, aiid those whom they delighted to honor.
In the middle ages in Britain; and on the Continent, Mayday was looked forward to with anticipation by onr forefathers, because on that day they had a good time". They Ttik much happier than we are, laughter sprang spontaneously to their lips. They entered into the various games of the period with zest and vim. Tlie dances around the Muy Pole
were, of course, a feature of tbe Hay Day gatherings.
The coming of capitalism put an end to the holidays enayed by our ancestors, thongh at one time they numbered
over a hundred a year, exclusive of Sunday*. Every Saint* Day was a holiday. Capitalism brought with it the puritan spirit; it became almost a sin to smile. The slaves were speeded up, and theft- holidays, one by one, cut off—Hay
Day along with the rest. Tlie Hay Poles were sawn up spd instead of enjoying themselves on that day, the slaves
were compelled to work in the factories. "When the modern labor movement sprang into being, Hay Day was revived.
The wage-slaves of Europe began to take an annual holiday tfo. that day, and send fraternal greetings to each other.
In the year 1913, 33 countries sa^thjir workera celeferomg the first of Hay, and extending the hand of comradeship to one another, and 1920 bids fair to beat all records, ;Tr|«ps in many cities of Europe will be kept under arms, and
the capitalist class in many countries will be in fear and trembling until Hay Day is over.
The wage slaves can this year rejoice. It is the, birth of siting indeed, the spring time of the social revolution, and
we, as workers, extend bur hands in friendship to the worisji's of every creed and of every country. We rejoice with
them in the' knowledge that copitalism is passing, and thjjfja new and better system is dawning. We are inspired with
the consciousness that the hideous nightmare of slavery wflj soon be a thing of the past, and that we shall soon be living in a social order far, far better than that in which.yeffliv toil and suffer.
School Tlmt Has Been Discussing
Progressive Topics Ends
Second Season
Tho second season of the Labor
School's life in Vancouver was finished last Sunday afternoon In tho
O'Brien Hall. Like last year the
meetings were hold from the first
Sunday ln October till the last Sunday ln April, and there will be ho-
meetings during tho five summer
months till October, when the third
season will begin. Last Sunday the
usual programme nf the school was
ohanged somewhat and reports of-
the various officials were given.
Master Willie and Miss Olive Rees
sang a duet. As an educational factor It was agreed that the school in
the season, just ended was better
than. the. first year and so were the
attendances of the young children.
Flnanically, as ever, lt was not so
successful, the deficit this year ber
Ing" doublo that of last season. The
secwtMy-treasurer, In his report,,
stated$>». the . results obtained
wbuldi he' believed, be well worth
the dtiictt he'Jiad.to report, 115.11,
and that the Federated Labor"
Party,which had established the
school Itt .th^ flret place under the
■ '■■■itlinaM    -   -n.A* f*n**.mtn—n ¥ f
supervision.  Of    Comrade    J.    6.
WoodeWgitinJ Would pay this deficit,
Two Defense
The Socialist Party of Canada and the Federated Labor Party have handed over their meeting places to the defense committee on Sunday
F. J. Dixon and Charles Lestor will
speak at the Empress Theatre, and
Tom Richardson and F. J. Dixon will
speak at the Royal
Both meetings will conupence promptly at 8
o'clock. Collections after expenses are defrayed
will be handed over to the defense fund.
Ill  I  II  |  j ■1--T-'"*-*-*"*""-*—■■—*"*■" ' '■"■-*"■■-*—.J..«-s.s-fcA.s.U-«..a.auaJ^i
Big Business of United
States Will Act Alter
Washington—The Carranza gov
ernment ot Mexico, and the Ebert
government of Germany are being
rocked in' the same boat. Both
regimes have tried to straddle be'
tween the old capitalist order and
the new worsting class society.
That Is why they are being cuffed
In succession from the right and
from tho left, and cannot last;
In every headline, news story
and cartoon, the Investing classes
of the United States proclaim their
ardent support of the revolution
against Carranza, which began in
the American border State of Sonora a fortnight ago. These classes
are ready to dismember Mexico or
to create such "anarchy1' there that
foreign .(American), armies may
plausibly-be sent In tojfestore capitalist order.
This latest Mexican revolution is
not a pure and simple capitalist
affair, however. Tlie land below
the Rio Grunde contains a largo
proportion of workmen and peasants,, who charge the Carranza regime with having failed to carry
out the programme of the great
revolution which overthrew Por-
ftrto Diaz and Huerta. The uprising uow on Is certninly supported
lo a considerable extent b.v that
disappointed element of native
Intervention by the United Slates
would mature more rapidly if this
wero not a presidential year.
Enough strange things have happened since the fighting in Europe
stopped to make politicians uncertain whether a fresh war would reelect the Democrats or damn every
public man who shouts to bring it
ubout. Unless the super-govern
ment in Wall street shall decide on
Immediate action, thc prospect Is
good that politicians will send no
American troops across the lllo
Grande until after the November
Both the old partiei look upon
the military conquest of Mexico by
t,ho United States as "inevitable,"
but neither one of them Is going lo
let the other have a monopoly this
year; on that "kept us out of war"
slogan. At the very longest, however, Mexico has only another year
left of self-determination, ns the
Interventionist's.Bee It.- After having their say. In November, the
American people are expected to
shut up and take orders for another four years. And the principle
order will be "On lo Mexico." '
Observed All Oyer
: the Country
Xtondpn,,. Brig.—Extensive preparations for May Day are reported- from. 'oil parts ot the country,
and.: awaUehlryr Labor seems determined that its^eetlyalshall be celebrated as never .before,,
In London there wHf be no fewer
than six monster processions which
will copverge from .various parts
of the city, to meet eventually in
Hyde-Park, where, from a number
of platforms, speeches will be,
made. May Day will,be a holiday
in the building tradei, and will
inaugurate their 44-hour week
May 1 will bft recognized by the
Yorkshire miners as a general holiday, to be called lhe Miners Iiabor
#a£'" bi' Coventry, tbere *iU be .A
bbge niaasi meeting on May morning, and thV general holiday will be
observed. Glasgow Is arranging for
art orchestral performance at the
People's Palace after thcir glajit
procession, the premises having;
been given rent free by the corporation.
Leicester Workers Joint committee has booked the De Montfort
Hall, which holds 5000
Croydon Discharged Soldiers and
Sailors Federation has decided 'to
keep May 1 as a Labor Day celebration. ■
Gflieral Holiday Will tot* porkers Will "Carry On"
Disregarding.the plea for clem?
ency hi the cases of Eugene Barnett
and John Lamb as made b.v the
Jury, presiding Judge John M. Wi'l-
s6n imposed sentences, of not less
than 25 nor more than 40 years'
Imprisonment upon the seven Cen^
tralla workers convicted of second
degree murder at Montesano, A
new trial was denied. Appeal Is being taken to lhe higher courts.
There are 32 co-oporatlvely owned shingle mills In the state of
Washington. Everyone of them op-
erated successfully by the workers
and a.market for the shingles was
established several years.ago among
the.farmers of the country. Anew
mill has just been purchased at An-
acorteB at a cost of |50.ono. *   .
See  Sinister  Forces  Al
Work in Winnipeg
At a special meeting of Hedley.
Metal Miners Unit, Oi B. U., convened April 20, 1920, the following
resolution was submitted and approved:
, "Resolved, that vie, the member^
of Prltchard local, Hedley Metal
Miners Unit, O. B. U.p look upon
Lhe recent trials and couviotlon of
our fellow workers before Justice-
Metcalfe, in the city of Winnipeg;
with extreme disgust and disapproval.
"That we see In the entire proceedings evidences of sinister forces
at work lo repress the legitimate
alms and aspirations of the working class, hut that out of the niur-
tyrdom of these, our comrades, victims of capitalistic malevolence; we
hopo that ult our cluss will recoivo
to Rebuild Industrial
Moscow—May Day ln Russia will
%e celebrated In a way symbolic of
She great reconstruction period the
Kountry is now entering. Instead
»f parades and meetings, there will
%0 the sound of the hammer and
Khb drill, Everybody in Russia is
liming to celebrate by working.
? This decision, recently taken up
by the central' committee of the
£ommuntst Parly, Is in line with
"lhe great impetus ' toward Labor
how animating the country. Workers are vleing with each other in
making sacrifices to rebuild the
country's industrial life.
; Railway workers on the Perm
1 jBue have voted to work twelve
| j(hours a day without extra overtime pay. in order to avoid a trafflc
^crisis. A new decree has been issued calling all railroad workers
'now in institutional work back to
Uie lines, thus putting the best
.technicians In the country at the
(ask of transporting workers and
products to vital centres.
**. The Putllov works here, rebuilt
some time ago for thc production
and reconstruction of railroad material, have accomplished an increase In C5 per cent, in output in
one month alone.
Eelciriflcatlon ef Russia's indus-
^•ies is now well under way. In
Mohcow the schools and the university have been reopened and the
typhus epidemic stemmed hy vig-
brous efforts on the part of the
sanitary commission.
Socialism is the science of human society, it is here and now, but
the co-operative commonwealth
will only follow when capitalism Is
Big  Issues  Maf  Confront  French
Iiallivaynuii on or About
May 1st
Paris, France—French labor will
celebrate May Day with the demand for the national eight-hour
day, and the nationalization of tho
ereat public-services.
The national council of the Central Federation of Labor, at an Important session Just held, considered a detailed scheme for the nationalization of thc railroads prepared by the Federation's economic council, and Instructed the
rallwaymen that they may be called upon to assume urave responsibilities under tlie Federation's direction on or evon before May Day.
This action followed a series of
meetings held throughout the
country on the subject of nationalization, where discussion, stimulated by the February strike, became
heated at times.
Formation of a "workmen's police" at Llllo during a strike and
open expression of sympathy with
the German revolutionists and the
Bolsheviki during the strike of the
textile workers at lloubnlx have
been recent'Indications of the temper of French Labor.
Buy at a union store.
through concerted action would
lead to the sweeping away of those
agencleB whose functions are but
to prey upon the social body and
harass an already oppressed people."
Mr.   Justice   Macdonald
Allows Plea of Self
The Ubel suit instituted by Birt
Showier and John Sully against the
K C. Foil oral! onlst and A. 8, Wells
advanced a stage on Tuesday,
frlien Mr. \v. B. Farris applied on
teliuir of the plaintiffs to have a
portion or tlie defense slrieken out.
The portion objected to wns that
which recited the f;iot that thc two
plaintiffs had mado derogatory remarks about the defense committee's handling of tho funds, which
Vfere made some lime previously to
the article complained of, and that
therefore there was provocation.
Mr, Funis argued that the de-
fendents had th'clr remedy, which
was not a libellous article.
.' Mr. Kublnowiu, solicitor for tlio
dcfciuhnts, claimed thut a plea of
that   spirit   and    impetus   which,, ^tlf defense  wns proper in a libel
suit, and quoted authorities to back
Up his stand.
Mr. Justice Macdonald finally allowed I lie plea nf self defense, but
mstructod Mr. Kiiblnowttz to plead
in a little less complicated manner.
Defense EJance and
Whist 'Drive
In the Dominion Hall
Whist 8 lo 10 ''      Dancing 9 to I
Proceeds Will He Qiveit to tlie Defense Fund
.*^;ifc ($fidftfttt^ ;;..-;-.ii13^1^M,.,> ,
Repudiates J. H. McVety
as a Representative
of Labor
The first meeting of tho O. B. U.
in the new hall, fender street, was
a success in every way. The members showed n great deal of interest, and a keenness that augurs
well for the future of the organization. Amongst other mutters
that were under discussion, w;ts the
decorating of the hall, and the secretary announced that arrangements had been made to commence
this work on Saturday, May 8th.
Me also 'staled tlmt. considerable
wnrk ha,i been done already hy
carpenters in the organization, and
that their services would lip available for the electing of the scaffolds.
The Women's AulHary reported
that nil arrnngcim-nts had been
completed for lhe defense fund
dance on Friday night. Thr- May
Day celebration committee also
reported that with good weather,
the first May Day celebration ever
held in this district would he a success. The organii.ailon bommlttec
reported that :i nieeting for the
purpose of organizing the lliiild-
ing l.nhorers would he held in the
Fender hall on Monday next,
The question of the appointment
of J. H, McVety, as Labor representative at the conferenco now
helng held on the queatlon or the
unification of Labor laws at Ottawa, was the cause of a lively debate. Several speakers took thc
position that thero was no use In
repudiating him as a representative of Labor, as most people realized thai he did not represent thc
workers, and the government knew
this when he was appointed. Others
took the position that U waa oeson-
lia! that he should he publicly repudiated, or the impression would
go forth lhat he was a representative of the workers.
After some littlo debate, a resolution repudiating .1. 11. McVoty os
a representative of the workers was
The memberB wore urged to support ihe Kxcelslor Laundry, the
only union laundry In the city, and
it was aleo pointed out that the
Laundry Workers were seeking an
Increase in wages, and that if thc
organized workers would patronize
this laundry, there would be little
difficulty In these workers securing an Increase In wages.
The menibci'P, by resolution,
pledged themselves to secure n new
momber per monlh. and also to Inerease the circulation of The Federatlonist, anu to patronize the advertisers.
Millworkers   WiU   Make
Effort to Enforce
8-Hour Day
At the business meeting of the
Vancouver Mill Workers branch of
the Lumbr and Camp Workers Industrial Union of the O. B. U., held
on Monday last, the members present doided to send out a ballot on
the question of striking to enforce
a 44-hour week.
In order that tvery worker ln
ths mills around Vancouver may
have a chance to vote en this question, ballots are to be distributed
to each worker in the mills and
any mill worker who has not yet
become a member of the union.
may vols on this question by paying their initiation fee of $1.00.
It Is considered that by adopting
this system of balloting, a true
representative vote on the question
of whether the mill workers desire
a 44-hour week will be attained.
The lumber barons around Vancouver have up to date, failed to
reply to the request that'was sent
to them recently by thc Lumber
Workers Union, In which the mill
workers requested thc establishment of an 8-hour day, from Mny
1, also a general Increase In wages.
The members who attended the
meeting on Monday last were quite
incensed over the failure on the
part of the lumber barons to acknowledge receipt of the demands
that had bcen forwarded to them,
hence the demand that a strike
ballot be taken on the question of
enforcing same.
In the new demands that are to
be submitted, the mill workers are
asking lhat a 44-hour week be established, commencing June 1st,
1920, also the payment of a minimum wage of $S per day of eight
hours for unskilled labor, and an
average wage of $7 per day for mechanics.
At the present price that the
lumber interests are charging for
the lumber, there is no doubt but
that they can well afford to pay
the wages demanded, and still have
a considerable margin of profit left
over for themselves, and lt looks
like as If the present prices and
even higher prices will be paid for
some considerable time.
h J. Dixon, M.L.A., Will
Be the Principal
Sports Arranged for tlie i
Kiddies— Dancing in
the Evening
Complete arrangements hav*
bcen made for the flrst May Day
Labor celebration, to be held in
Mahon Park, North Vancouver, on
Saturday afternoon. A splendid
programme of sports has been arranged for the kiddles, and everything possible has been done to
make for a successful demonstration. There will be speeches from
various Labor men, and F. J.
Dixon, M. L. A., of AVinnipeg, will
be the principal speaker. Others
lhat will address the gathering will
be R, P. Pettipiece and Chas. Lestor.
In the event of there being a
very big crowd, there will be other
speakers who will address the overflow meetings. The speeches will
commence promptly at 2:30 p.m.
and the kiddles sports will commence at 3 o'clock, There will be
a band In attendance, and in the
evening, dancing will be indulged
In at thc pavilion. The dancing
will commence at 7:30. A splendid
souvenir programme has been got
out, which will nell at 10 cents a
copy. The programme will contain
the photos of all the men now serving sentence, who were convicted
at Winnipeg, It makes a very attractive souvenir, and will no doubt
be in great demand. For the information of thoae that are expecting to be present at this demonstration, the committee in charge
wishes tt to be understood that
there wll be no charge. Bach person Is expected to take their own
eatables. Soft drinks and Ice cream
will be on aale, and hoi water will
be provided free.
A collection will he taken to de-
,„,.    , .    , ,        .,   fray the expenses.   For the infer-
^JffLSTSStiJ^il'Sl ">»''»« <* <"o8e '»"< « im-mm-
ted with the location of the park,
the following directions should be
followed: Take the North Vancouver ferry, on arrival at North Vancouver, tuke the Capilano car, and
get oft at Forbes avenue. At this
point, there is a large sign, which
will be a guide. The sign reads:
"Three Blocks to Mahon Park."
The speeches will commence
promptly at 2:30. Everybody
should endeavor to he on hand at
2 o'clock.
Socialism will break up the home,
It is said. Will some one tell the
workers who have no home, what
will build them one.
and docile mill workers, are at last
showing signs of a desire to live.
Seventeen new members from one
mill iu Vancouver joined up af the
last meeting, and the Increase in
members Is general, In some of the
mills around Vnncouver practically
100 per cent, of the while workers
are now members of the union.
Looking for Trouble
Mr. Macken, superintendent of
the Fraser milts, seems to be looking for trouble. This week he fired
Fellow Worker D. Massee, one of
the active workers for the union,
and has also threatened to lire any
other active member who is employed nt the mill. Seeing that
there arc at present over 200 active members working al this mill,
it would seem he has a big job
ahead, as for every one he fires,
he only makes the otherNworkers
more determined to be organized.
However, Mr. Macken may soon
have the pleasure of a show-down,
for a special meeting of the workers at Fraser mills has been called
for Thursday night, May 6, for the
purpose of taking a strike vote on
thc question of enforcing demands
that were submitted to the management of this mill recently. The
meeting will he held at the old
moving picture theatre. Matllard-
vlllo, and will commence at 8 p.m.
Members of the Port Moody Mill
Workers branch of the L. & C. W.
I. U. of the O. B. U., have also I "wtlng over one million dollars,
decided to take a strike vote on thejamimK whlch urB factories ill which
question   of   enforcing   their   de-! lhp>' cun manufacture gloves, hos-
Itoeiiily  Purchase Kite Factorte*
For Manufacture of Wearing
The throe hundred thousand
members of the brotherhood of
Maintenance of Way Employees
and Hallway Shop Laborers who
have just been suspended from the
A. F. of L. have been interfering
with legitimate businoss by purchasing factories and selling the
products to the membership at cost.
The brotherhood has made purchases recently   of   five   factories
mands, and a meeting has been cal
led for Friday, May 7, in Por
Moody, when ihe workera In th'
mills out there will he given thi
opportunity of voting on the question of striking to enforce their de
Buy at a union store.
A recent count showed thc arrival in Los Angeles In a single
month of more than fifty "scrccn-
Hlruck" girls, each seeking an opportunity to become a moving picture actresa
lery, underwear, sweaters, overalls
and jumpers. Plans are also under
way for the purchase of fac lories
for thc manufacture of shoes, clothing, caps and other articles of weur-
ing apparel. Surplus products left
over after its membership is supplied, will bo sold to co-operativ*
societies only.
Don't Forget the May Day Labor
and Picnic
Saturday, May 1st
Come and Bring Your Family
Sports for the Kiddies
Speeches b* Prominent Labor Men
Will Speak on tbe Winnipeg Trials
HOW TO GET TlircitK—Tout Norlh Vancouver Fwry; M arrival nt Norlh Vancouver Hike Capilano car ud get ott at
Forbes Avenue.   Watch for lho Blgn.
Arnold & Quigley
546 Granville Street
Canterbury Limb   Stew,   Ib.   2M
Canterbury Lamb Shouldoru, lb. ..30e
Canterbury Lamb Loloa,  lb  36«
Canterbury Lamb Lega, lb ....420
Bitter's Sliced Sugar Cured Bacon,
per lb - 5*0
Slater'a Sliced Rolled Ajmhire Bacon,
per lb - 56c
Slator'a Sliced Boneleaa Ham, Ib. 4Dc
On Friday and Saturday we will
•gain aell oor famoua Pork
Shouldera, regular 38c per lb.
Friday and Saturday, lb, ..30'/iO
They only weigh from 4 to 8
lba.  Nothing better for rousting.
Oa Friday and Saturday war- will
aell 800 lbs. of our fauoua Ayrshire Back Bacon, reg. 550 lb.,
alicod.  Special, per lb. 46c
No limit.
Coma early aad be aar* yea !•*
Finest Oxford Sausage, lb. .
Finest Beet Sausage, lb	
Finest Beet Liver, lb.	
Finest Pot Boaat, from, lb. „.
Finest Oven Roasta, from, lb.
Finest Rolled Bonelen Prime
Finest Stew Beef, from, lb. .
Flnut But Dripping, It; _ 300
Finest Beef Fat, per lb  ..3»0
Finest Fruit Cike, per lb .....SOe
Apex Strawberry Jam and Apple,
From 6 to 11 o'clock  on   Saturday morning wa will sell our
finest Alborta Creamery Butter,
regular 8 lba. for 12.35.
Special, 3 lb, Jill
per Ua .
Nabob Jellies, 2 for 	
sinter's Best Tea, per Ib.
Nabob Best Tea, per lb .880
Blue Ribbon Tea, par lb .65c
Holbrook Custard, per pkt lie
Quaker Corn, per tia .„.— .20,
Spratt'a Dog Biscolts, 71b. sack 11.21
Cowan's Cocoa,  %-lb. 30,
Welcome Soap Powder, pkt. 10,
Washing Soda, per pkt llo
B. I K. Split Peas, 9 lba ...25a
B. * K. Pearl Barley, 2 lbs SM
123 Hastings St. East.
Pbona Soy. 1212
ISO OriMllls Si, Phono Ssy. IH
3200 Main Strwt, Fboaa Fair. 111!
Finest Kippers, 2 lbs, _	
Finest Kippered Blaek Cod, lb. ..
Finest Kippered Salmon, per lb.
Oa Friday and Saturday wo will
aell 800 of onr Famous
Hams, weighing from 4 to 8 lb,.
Regular 85c. lb.  Special,
• per lb ...
Heat Pi«fl, per dot.  ...'
OU Country Corned Beef; ilicei,
per lb.
Finest Sliced Jellied Tongue, lb. ..60a
Fineat Par* Lard, regular iOe, per
lb. Special, S lbs .....|1.00
There is no
Act to protect
you against a
dental disaster
As surely as you neglect diseased teeth, at somf
time you will be temporarily disabled for work—
will mean heavy expense—a dental and doctor's bitt.
Act now lor the family's sake—let me advise yon
about your teeth.
A mast moderate charge
Dr. Brett Anderson
Oram and Bridge Specialist"
Corner Seymonr
Highest Grade Mechanic's Took
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings SL W.      ::      Vancouver, B. C.
VOU, Mr. Workman may enjoy the
*■ luxury of the finest music rendered by the finest medium	
"The Greateit Phonograph in Ihe World"
Knelt, flret of all cultural Influences, Is no longer the prerogative of th* rich, Th. world's greatest singers, Incremental artists, musical organizations ln th. world's greatest compositions, are at th. command of the Sonora owns..
Yon con purchase your Sonora on tk. easiest
of terms. See us about how easily job can do
Switzer Bros., Ltd.
If It's Music!—We Have It
twelfth year, no. ii    THE BRITISH XOLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    tawcouveb, b. a
FRIDAY™.™.. April M, lit!
Fort William Workers Express Their Opinion of
Trades Congress
At the last meeting of the Fort
William Tradea and Labor Council,
the letter from the Winnipeg
Tradei Council dealing with the defense of the men now in jail, as a
result of the Winnipeg strike last
year, was read, and the following
resolution passed. The resolution
is self-explanatory:
That taken aa a whole we fait to
see anything' In the letter but a deliberate attempt on the part of your
council and the Trades Congress to
create ever Increasing dissension
In the ranks of Labor—to further
fncreuse, if possible, the breach between tho International and the O.
B. U. Wo object strenuously to the
tact of several of the noblest men
in the Canadian labor movement
ln jail as being used as the excuse
for carrying on warfare againat the
O. B. U.
In tht second to last paragraph
you say "that the men bo given
their liberty" as one of tho things
you intend to more efficiently work
for. How can wo be expected to
believo you are sincere in that
statement when in an earlier part
of the circular you point out as one
of your reasons for withdrawing
from the defence committee is that
"tho duty of carrying out the work
pertaining to the defence committee has been in the hands of a composite committee including amongst
ita members, representatives of the
O. B. U." jf you really object to
being officially connected with the
defence committeo because there
are O, B. U. delegates, then we ask
again how can we expect you to
honestly strive for the release of
men liko W. A. Pritchard and Bob
Russell, unless it would be with a
string to it that they upon release
renounce forever all their cherished ideals of the Labor movoment—
particularly their interest in the
O. B. U.
In the fifth paragraph we notice
you speak of the defence committee
as being "powerless" to do "anything." Is that so? Then, are we
to understand that you mean that
the noble work of this committee
right up to the present ln raising
funds to par legal expenses, provide for the families of the prisoners, send speakers up and down the
country, etc., etc., is not accomplishing anything? For our part
we are convinced that it is in the
nature of accomplishing everything.
In substantiation of our belief in
this regard, we havo only to refer
to the last convention of the com'
mittee when there were represented
184 international delegates, 219 O.
B. V. and 187 independent delegates, also a financial statement
dated March 31st, that this committee has handled finances to the
amount of {83,559.94, and out of
this has cash on hand of $6631.80.
So taken aU in all we are satisfied
that the defence committee has
justified its existence, and that it
Is the duty of the Winnipeg Trades
Council to retain its affiliation, and
lt Is further the duty of the Trades
Congress not to interfere, but to
add its quota of support and influence in connection with the original
defence committee.
Wo note with special consideration the three things for which you
Intend to strive: In No. 1 you state,
"The dependents of the men now In
prison must be supported." Do you
mean to infer for a moment that
the defence committee has neglected the dependents? We don't believe It And what is more, what
proof hav* we, considering your
general opposition to the O. B. TJ.
that you will more efficiently support the dependents of the men
(which must certainly mean ALL
the men, Including O, B. U's) providing this honorable duty through
some means or other be left to you.
Then in No. 2 you say: "Every effort must be made to procure the
release of the men now in prison."
Let us ask ln reply has the defence
committee been traitrous in this regard; have they not been faithful
and energetic? Then why have you
the affrontery to presume to infer
that this committee is not doing
Its duty, without at least giving definite information to prove the need
for any such interferences?
In conclusion, we state that yonr
circular does not impress us ln the
least It savors much of your organization attempting to use the
misfortune of our imprisoned heroes as the rock upon which you
would mako & deliberate attempt
to further embarrass the efforts of
tho O. B. U. rather than succeed
In bettering the cause for which
you presume to say you can do bet.
ter than the defence committoe—or
rather do bettor away from the defence committee than by linking
up. It is not our intention herewith to be favoring the O. B, U.
as a Labor organization as against
the Internationals, or vise versa.
We tako tho stand as contained tn
this resolution for tho reason that
wo believe in solidarity among the
workers—Internationals, O. B. CI.
ana representatives from other organizations vitally interested in
procuring the release of these men,
as well as contributing to the financial needs required for the same,
as a more effective means of accomplishing our object Put another way: We see in your action
an attempt to intensify tho dissension among the working class simply because some believe in International craft form of organization,
and others fn the International
form as propounded by the O. B.
U. While we see no harm in both
ideas In striving for to procure as
many adherents to their organizations as possible, wo can see no
good for these organizations to hold
onmity one with the other. Especially do we object to the fact of
"our boys" in prison being used as
a means In the apparent struggle
betwoen theae two forms of trade
union organization. Certainly we
cannot look to tho master class to
assist us to release these mon.
OnJy the solidarity of the Labor
forces will bring success, and lf
failure Is (lip result of Labor's en-,
deavors through the unnecessary
dissension brought about by this
latest action of the Trados and Labor Council of Winnipeg, and the
Trades Congress, you will forever
bo held responsible with an ever-
increasing number of workers look-
The Nature Pictures
(By Ainse, Staff:\HTriter—The Federated Press)
Everywhere now
In the middle of the programme
Between the horrors
Of submarine  warfare,
The army and navy parades,^;
The picture of strikes,  • _', 1|
And the tales of PASSION
Of frothy people B
Who have no regular WORK1''
But spend their time
Indulging in love-affairs
With heroes and villains—
Somewhere there comes
A heavenly PAUSE
For the NATURE pictures!
Mountains and cliffs
And sunsets,
Majestic forests
Unprofanod as yet
By the axe of MAN
Beautiful streams slow-winding
Through lonely valleys,
and inaccessible snow-fields,
And then again
And yet more MOUNTAIN*
Silhouetted black
f Against the dawning,
Gleaming rocky or greon
In the blaze ot noon,
Wreathed In rosy clouds
Of evening splendor—
The orchestra plays
Slow, swift music of longing.
The audience breathes
A long, deep sigh of relief,
Glad to escape for a moment
From the TURMOIL,
The warfare and horror,
The frothy atuff
That wo call Civilization,
Glad to return
To the HILLS of God,
And to dream of the day
When MANKIND shall bt worthy
To share the beauty
And spacious peace
Whloh were before us.
And shnll be after us,
Waiting quietly
For MAN,
Their flt companion,
Man, tho strong, the beautiful,
Man, at peaco at last
And with the UNIVERSE!
"This great Prince created me
a Nardac upon the spot."—The
Voyage to Lllllput
"And presently, coming through
tha part of the City that waa most
frequented, and seeing the young
Men and Maidens walking together,
with a very free and cheerful Air,
I observed some others, that were
neither so young, nor so well favored, nor of such sprightly Demeanor. These persons seeming to
tako the shadow of the Doorways
and Alleys and so screening themselves from View, were yet ta no
way marked of the People, so that
their Coyness, if such lt wore, was
of their own making. Most commonly they were of a gross Habit,
and a red Complexion, something
puffed aB with good Cheer, and a
shifty Eye, that yet dwelt on the
Ground. But 'twas their Manner
of dressing, so that I marked most;
for while tho most of the Citizens
wore their Gowns and Tunics ln an
easy Fashion, so that they flowed
with the Motion of their Bodies,
these People seemed as if their
Clothes were sewn on to them and
then well starched; thus, for all
their hand-dog Look, they strutted
ln their Walk. But most curious
was the Style of their Coats, which
either had patches of Ribband, of a
vile Coloring, stitched te their
Breasts, or crossing their Bellies in
board Bands, or Shoulder-knots,
suck at Footmen were wont to
wear, or all these Things together,
with a profusion of yellow Buttons
and a red Stripe down the Length
of their Breeches, Yet, in' comparison with their Women,' they
seemed comely enough, for the
wind blowing shrewdly, and their
Females being muffled in the Skins
and Skulls of Beasts, and their
Head-gear capped with Feathers,
they seemed but half-human, and
no sight for the public Walks and
"On my Inquiring, with some"
Eagerness, who these Persons could
be, and the cause of their HI Distinction, my Guide answered me
with a Smile, that these were the
Nardacs, or Notables of the old
Order, before the great Change
came, and their Dress and Stripes
had been put upon them for e
perpetual Mark of their Villainies;
that there were many Grades of
these Fellows, such ae the Order
of the Sponge (for Sycophants) and
tke Order of the Obe-se, which was
the commonest and most useless of
all, so that tn the Great War the
Western Quarter, of the Capital
were almost wholly given up to
them; that this wearing of their
Liveries in the publlo Ways, albeit
painful and Ignominious, was
mark of Lenity; and that In the
early Days of the Republic it had
even been proposed that their Pictures be painted by him who had
been Court Artist and hung In the
national Galleries. But on the
Nardacs protesting .with Tears that
they had rather lose their Heads,
Ing with absolute scorn and derision upon you" forever In the future.
In short, we heartily endorse the
defence committee and appeal to
all Labor organization, in the Dominion to rally to Its support and
assistance to persent a solid front
to maintain a strictly non-partisan
defence committee.
Finally that coplea of this resolution be forwarded to the Winnipeg Trades and Labor Council, the
Trades and Labor Congress, the
Labor papers of the Dominion for
publication, and tho local press requesting that lt be published as a
newsy, timely article of general interest.
The Trades and Labor Council
had 20 affiliations. At thl, meeting
there were 30 delegates present,
and 24 voted In favor of this resolution. The 20 affiliations are made
up of bona fide International craft
unions, including the Locomotive
Engineers, the Locomotive. .Firemen, etc, etc. Furthor the resolu-
and was thoroughly discussed for
fully one hour and one-half, so that
it passed the meeting fair and
equare, and can be fairly stated
that tt is an honest, genuine expression of the Labor movement
here so far as the Internationals
are concerned. .,._>
and ono of them even committing
Suicide, this Extremity had been
avoided. That being a Jealous Nature, next to their Delight ln getting an Order, their ohlet Pleasure
was to look down on a fellow Nardac, that had a lower one, or had
beon passed over by the Minister,
and had ln consequenoe died ot
Chagrin. That though some ot
these Men had been good Citizens
In their time, that had done Service to the State, and erred only
In Vanity, others (their Women
abetting) had committed every
Crime known to the Ancients, and
a few others that had since been invented; that some had bought
Goods at a low Price, and palmed
them to the Poor at a Great; that
One or Two had sold their Parties,
and Most of them (having nothing
moro precious to dispose of) their
Principles; that some had killed
Men-in War, and others (In the
more elevated Grades) had ordered
them to do lt; had levelled
Churches, Cathedrals, Villages, and
Cities to the ground, or laid waste
Lands that had given Food and
Shelter to great Peoples; made
thousands of Women Widows and
Children Fatherless; or starved
whole Nations, and blinded, poisoned, and maddened Millions that had
done them no Harm. That others
were quacks, that pretended to
cheat Death; or Painters and
Writers that made Men long for lt.
That some had owed their Honor
to a King's Minister and others to
his Mistress; and that the most
Fart were Hypocrites, that having
sought their Title with Prayers and
paid for lt in Cash to a Minion, has
put it all on to their Ladies. That
there were so many of them, for
they hunted Titles like Truffles,
that the number of /heir Knights
obspured the Day itself. That these
Nardacs corrupted Religion, Art,
Politics, Letters, and everything
they touched; that they made War
possible; that they turned Gold to
Tinsel and Tinsel to Gold; and that
the Disease, known as Nardacs'
Knee, from which these Men and
their Women suffered alike, spread
a pestilence, and bent and softened
the Joints ot half the Nation. That
most of these Nardacs were Persons
of no Merit whatever, possessed
only of Impudence and a well-lined
Purse, and that even ln the days
before the great Change, se much
did these Titles stink ln the Nostril
tlmt no great or honest Man ever
solicited or would accept One.
"My guide, becoming a little
heated with his Argument, I had let
him run on; yet I was fain to In
quire whether no Pains had been
taken te abate this Scandal, and
whether all the States had been
equally subject to It, To which he
replied that It had indeed been
thought at one Time, to Issu. a
Proclamation, ao as to diminish the
great Abundance of Orders, tkat
they should in Future bt worn on
on the Breeches Instead ot on the
Breast of the Nardacs, but that a
Commotion ensuing ln the State
and a grand Coalition ot High Heels
and Low Heels being formed to resist the Motion, it was beat by a
smalt Majority. But in aay case
the Minister had been Informed in
a very private Manner that no harm
would come of it, for that so long
as an Order waa ln due Form and
had the Royal Signs on It, the Stile
and Place of wearing It waa a Matter of no Importance whatever.
And as for those States that had
no Orders their women were wont
to marry Nardacs, and so kept the
Breed alive, which otherwise would
have become extinct from the general Contempt.
"At this point a venerable Nardac
approached us, and holding out his
plumed Hat, of a curious and ancient Pattern, solicited our alms. I
dropped a small coin ln It, and rejoined my Guide."—The Nation.
A conference of trade unionists
and co-operators, held In London,
recommended that ail co-operative
and other businesses should close
on May Day, and that day should
be observed as a general holiday
by the workers. In London a procession to Hyde Park has been arranged, also an afternoon demonstration and an evening meeting in
the Albert Hall..
The Religion of Humanity
of Brandon, Man., is hero to organize a People's Chureh
for thia city
Thirteen Branches in Winnipeg
Meetings in O'Brien Hall, May 5th, 6th and 7th, afternoon and evenings and Sunday afternoon, May 9th.'
On Sunday, 9th, Mr. Smith speaks also in the Royal
Theatre, subject: "Ibe Social Meaning of the Death of
At the Empress
"Outcast," another wonderful
play that is sure to touoh a resonant chord in every heart, wtll be
the big offering for next week, and
Margaret Marriott's hundreds of
admirers will see her in another
wonderful acting part. To tell yon
the etory ot the play before, you
have had a chance to see it would
take away many pleasant surprise,
and ia the cast of the "Outcast"
there are so many remarkable eie-
ments that it would be an impossibility to even give you an insight
into its extraordinary plot "Outcast" haa in reality two star parts,
the one which Miss Marriott will
play and Mr. Collins' part, and each
one Is considered among the greatest parts that have ever been written. We personally guarantee
"Outcast" to b. one of the finest
plays that we have presented and
all wko miss it will miss a real
theatrical treat. •••
One te fourteen yean In Baa
Quentin was the sentence passed
on Nicholas Steellnk ai Los Angeles, on April i. He was one of
the flrst of sixteen I. W. W. men-
bora to face trial.
Patronise Fed. advertisers.
At Cut Rate
Compare these prices
with what other stores
ask for the same lines.
Then come to us and
save your good money.
Seven Stores
Delivery From Each
Specials for
Friday and Saturday
.80 Pepudtat  _ _   .SS
.50 Pond'. V.niibinf CrMU _. ,32
.75 Nujol   54
.30 Vino's Cough Cure ..— .21
.50 Veoeee Tooth l'Hte . A0
1.00 K'ellogg'o Aitliut Cun _.._ .78
.50 Fniiuiivei .. ....... ..... AO
M aim, Cre.m  _ ,1»
.50 Z.mbuk     ,91
1.00 Liquid Arvoa   — .71
.75 Carmun Fac. Powder  .52
.50 Bald's Kidney PilU  .22
1.00 Kno'a Fralt Halt. .._  ,71
.60 Papa    ,83
.35 Tia      .23
1.00 Seld'a Tiuteloee Cod Llvor
Oil   67
.38 Caloz Tooth Powdor  .22
.50 Reid'a Eoaem. Ointment .... .28
• .25 Denton. Tooth Pasta ............ .17
.50 Chaae'a Nerve Food —.— .34
.25 Hamilton's PilU 18
.50 Orchard White   .88
1.00 Keld's Syrup of Hypo-
phosphite. .73
.80 Freeaono  ..:  .32
.25 Nature'. Remedy Tablets  17
.50 Blood's Pills   — 28
1.75 Sanagen „  1.31
.50 Reid'a Sage and Sulphur .._ .28
.35 Creme Elcaya —.—»-.. .24
.50 Herptelde « .......—— .88
1.00 Bltro Pholphat. t .73
.35 Snap    .  .17
.60 A. B. 8. * O. Tablet. 28
.25 Raid's Witch Baiel Cream .. .IT
I   .15 Witch Soot Destroyer  98 I
Abov. prices include Wu Tax.
Drug Co. Ltd.
,  —Sevan Stoin—
t«8 Eastings W. Say. 1888
1 Haatinga W. Sey. 8583
188 Haitian B. ——.Bey. 2039
783 OranviUe St. Ser. 7019
1700 Commercial Drln .-High. 199
Granville anl Broadway -..Bay. 3914
Broadway sal Hsla .Fair. 4048
Think of
"Allan's" - the
"Wedding Gift"
Somo suggestions, tho selection of any of which would
be a delight to any prospective bride.
Diamonds, Cut Olass, French
Ivory, Toilet Accessories, Cutlery, Silverware, Community
Plate, Wrist Watches, Jewelry, etc,, etc.
Doubly appreciated if "she"
knows it Is from "Allan's."
0. B. Allan
"Tlie House of Diamonds"
480-4811 GItANVILLI. ST., AT
Uso Royal Crown Soap
[and Save the Coupon*
The Famous Month-End
Sale Started Yesterday!
It is most urgent that you visit Famous today or
' tomorrow. Beautiful garments of our own unsurpassed make—brokon and odd line, left over from
the busy Easter season—are reduced under half their
regular value—less than material cost.
A feast ot bargains—ench an opportunity la rarely givon women who crave the utmost ot beauty ln dress.
Tho newest style* and designs—Suite, Dresses, Silks, Gowna,
Ooats, eta, ia wonderful assortment. Come, won't you, today of
tomorrow?   *
Neat Oranvllle
Ijiundr/ Worker!
The Laundry Workers' Unit at
Ha laat regular meeting, which waa
held ln tha O. B. U. hall, Pender
atreet, discussed the matter of
taking the Federatlonist in a body,
final action being laid over till next
meeting. This unit is presenting a
revised wage scale to the employers, at the end of the month, and
thoy do not anticipate any difficulty
in negotiating same.
All members are going to th*
May Day celebraion on Saurday,
and havs offered their service* to
any of the committees, to help in
the arrangements on that day,
Keport of the sick fund wa*
handed in, stating that the amount
ot 118.20 was now In hand. All
member* are asked to attend neat
meeting; when special business will
be transacted, relating to th* new
Don't forget the defense danct
this (Friday) evening.
Phone Sey. 181
Manufacturers of Ever-Fr***
Bread •
Bar tt from your storekeeper
Guaranteed Coal
If our coal is not satisfactory to you, after you
have thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
ooal is left and charge you
nothing for what you havo
You to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Plumes Beymour 1441 and 461
oomonoui, umn
noes sijuom ftes
Thtld  noor.  World  Building,  Ta*.
Reduce Your
Grocery Bills
I not only sell for less, bat I
guarantee the quality te be
the best obtainable.
New Laid Eggs, doz SSo
Old Ontario Cheese, lb. 38o
Finest Creamery Butter,
por lb .76o
Evaporated Figs, 2 lbs.
for ,38o
Evaporated Peaches, practically peeled 25o
New Season's Prunes, 2
lbs. for ....; 25c
Pearl Brand Split Peas, 2
lbs 25o
Oreen Peas; 3 lbs 25c
Popcorn, per lb  ISo
Shelled Peanuts, lb 25o
■ Finest Peanut Butter, per
lb SOo
Broken Orange Pekoe Tea,
per lb „ OOo
Royal   Standard,   Robin
Hood,    Ogilvie's    and
Five Roses Flour, 49-lb.
sack $3.45
Robin Hood Rolled Oats,
per sack 47*
The Home of Quality
Seymonr 1266
Greateit Stock of
is Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
tl Hiattafa Itreet WM
Patronlta Federationist advertiser! and tell them why you de so.
sb sura toa on
wh^h tou ask roa
and Noa-alcohollc wing af in
Labor Powor Regenerated
—at the—
Meals of tht Best—Priees
P. Gibb
67 Cordova St W.
Near th* Loggeri* Ran
.,»••« «*» MMPHUr, mmwl Ml tl Wta
ttCO. II »k" J*, ilrvill hu. MEXICO        ^
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THESE line Spring days make you want to get ont doors and
enjoy yourselves.
Whether you are a disciple ot Isaao Walton or a baseball «-
tnuslast, we are here to take care of your every need. We have
the largest stock of high-grade Ashing tackle and sporting good*
ln British Columbia, all moderately priced.
After a day's labor
than a
Bottle of
Ask for it
It's Union-Madt
For Sale at all stands
Westminster Brewery 0a Inm raw n nn roa ar thk
or THS 0. B. V.
wobeebs ont or » oj.v.
$2.00 PER YEAR
Lumber and Camp Workers Industrial Unit of the O.B.U.
50,000 IN 1920
!The conditions as they are at
present, up to and Including Feb.
llth: Tho Japanese on the wharf
trucking paper were receiving 50
•eats an hour straight time. On
thla date a boat came in to be load-
ad with paper, the Japs struck for
10 coats an hour while loading the
boats; H was refused, eo they drew
Iheir Umt. The company then sent
tor the yard laborers, which consists of white men, returned soldiers mostly. When the foreman
was asked what the wages wero
yer hour, he told us thnt lt would |
he Uie same pay that we received
In th« yard, which la 45 cents per
kour. The majority of us refused
to do It We stated to him that it
was no good to us, as wo would not
■cab on tha Japs and work for 15
oents an hour less, than they asked
lor loading boats,
I wish to draw your attention to
Ihe outside laborers wagee on the
mill Mo up to April 1st. The'
wagea were 40 cents an hour, 10
hoars a day, and seven days a
week. Board was $1.20 a day.
Bed costs |2 a week, Independent
•f board; $3.BO doctor's fee. On
April ltt tke laborers' wages were
raised to 45 cents an hour, the
board also went up 5 cents a meal.
James Burns worked for Or.
Christie last year at Ocean Falls
as male nurse, under the Impres-
slon that there was a law passed
whloh would make all companies
provide a flrst aid man in all camps,
and all out-of-the-way places
which could not be reached by a
doctor. Dr. Christie spoke to Mr.
Smith, the assistant superintendent
ef the logging camps aa to what
kind of a man I wat, aid stated
my qualifications as a flrst aid man,
as far as he knew. I had an interview with Dr. Christie, and he
recommended me to Mr. Smith, as
he wanted to see mt if I had an
Interview with Mr, Smith. The
only conclusion that Mr. Smith
could come to was that I take a
flunkey job at $75 a month and all
found, which means 12 hours a
day and 7 days a week. He offered
ue a side cheque of $15 per month
to do the first aid work, and attend to all cases of any kind as far
. as sickness or accidents. Not being able to see my way clear to attend to both of these positions for
the price of one as a qualified first
aid man or male purse's aalary,
which call tfor $125 and all found.
Mr. Smith aald that there would
not be much to do, as there
would'nt be many accident!, only
one man In blue moon. I want Mr.
Smith and others in hit position to
understand that a flrst aid man has
not only accidents to contend with,
but sickness which may attack any
one during the night or any other
time before a doctor can be reach-
ad. I was quite willing to do any
kind of work to All ln my spare
time, so that any one would know
whero to flnd me when needed, but
I didn't expect two positions for
the salary of one, one position consisting of 12 hours a day, 7 days a
week, the other which would require my attention any time during the 24 hours. If any reader
of this will be so kind as to let me
know how to handle both of these
positions at one time, I will be very
grateful to them, as I can't see a
way to handle them myself, as I
had to do both If I wanted to make
the salary for one.
Union men, please note that any
laborer around thc pulp mill or
townsite who Is thought to have
union principle, regardless as to
whether It be O. B. IT. or otherwise,
he Is instantly dismissed.
I enclose copy of recommendation from Dr. Davis of Victoria:
James Island, B. C, Dec. 3, 1918.
Sir: This Is to certify that the
bearer, Mr, James Burns, had
charge of the isolation hospital
here during the recent epidemic of
Influenza during the nix weeks
while tbe epidemic was present, he
never failed to discharge his duties
faithfully, conscientiously and
thoroughly. I can, therefore, conscientiously recommend him to any
Institution or person requiring hts
services as a capable and thorough
and up-t,o-date male nurse.
(Signed) DR. W. B. DAVIS, M.D.
James Island, B. C.
James, Burns, general delivery—
Any one wishing further Information, write to above address.
yand bath tub; dry room apart from
bath room, and separate washroom. The food Is very good, $1.50
per day for board; minimum
wages. Blankets aro to be provided to all who want them at a cost
of $1 per week, Including all laundry.
W 81.
Untied Logging Co., Ben Robert*'
This camp Is 100 per cent, union
men, The bunk houses are 20x24,
8 feet 4-in. walls, single bunks, 8
men in each bunk house; good
bath house containing two showers
Held a meeting In the upper
camp with an attendance of close
to fifty men; tried to get the men
to take a vote re contract system,
as pertaining to referendum ballot. The camp being strictly contract, thought It necessary to take
a vote, and tlnd out the feeling of
the members, but sorry to say there
was not one man responded. In
fact, I could not get a man in the
bunch to take tbe chair.- Would
like to know if those members
claim to be union men or card-
packers. I wish to state that they
come Into Nelson and holler about
the secretary not visiting tho campa
often enough, but when he arrives
on the Job, they sit like mummies
and listen to the foreman abusing
him, who says that he Is running
that camp, and he Is not going to
let any one come in there to organize or allow any delegate to
stay in there. Now, If the members
are going to allow their secretary,
or any paid servant of their organization to be abused whilst doing
his duty, then 1 say ft Is no use
trying to build up the organization.
I consider it every member's duty
to do his bit morally and financially. Any time they give the foreman power to dictate what they
shall do or say, then I consider
they are not union men, but chattel
slaves. If the' contract system
make staves adhere to this, then I
think it high time It was done
away with.
Visited the lower camp, and
found the conditions just the same.
It was hard work to get the men
to even talk to you. As regards
the sanitary conditions, they are
not up-to-dato by any means; they
are double tier wooden bunks; the
bunk houses, are not as the Health
Act describes they should be. In
some of them, the bunks are so
close together you cannot walk In
between them. They furnish blankets which are never washed. The
men, when they quit, take thcir
blankets into the office, and the
next man comes along takes them
out, and some of them boast about
lt being the best camp In the district. Either those men's judgment
Is poor, or they never were any
place where there were sanitary
conditions. It Is time the worker
was waking up In this so-called
civilized country and realizing he
Ib the producer of all wealth, and
making his demands so as to be
able to live in sanitary conditions
equal to his employer, but so long
as he sits back and lets the foreman dictate what he shall do and
say, he cannot expect to get anything.
Secretary Nelson District.
Collection from Nelson district
for Crow's Nest lockout, $00.50.
Re Jordan River, B. C.
To the delegate and members in
Cathels & Sorenson's camp. It appears to me in reading your letter
published In The Federationist, of
April 9, thnt there apparently was
considerable criticism passed on
my letter of the 26th, in your meeting of March 29. Now, lf I have
taken too much on my own initiative In having that letter published,
I am willing to apologize. But,
you speak of misleading statements
that I have made, causing Ill-feeling In general. Now, where Is this
Ill-feeling? Is It amongst the members or the management? When I
had that letter published, It was
the truth, and I defy any member
to say different. Is it not a fact
that the men were walking four
times a day to and from their work
on their own time? And wasn't
the rigging crew right on top of
the fallers and bnckers? And
again, In ono of your meetings,
while I was there, you made a kick
about the bath house. What has
the management done to remedy
that kick? Shown a little sympathy, I presume. You again say
that the fallers are satisfied. It
don't take much to satisfy some
people- Now, speaking of this
sympathetic spirit your foreman
has shown towards the L. W. I. U.
(I am from Missouri.) Is it not a
fact that in the past that the Joy
Labor Agency furnished men for
said camp? But after the card
system and blacklist was here put
Into effect by the Loggers Assocla-
Directory of District Offices
Vancouver, B. C; E. Winch, 61 Oordova Street West
Cranbrook, B. 0 J. H. Thompion....Box 18
Cranbrook District—Legal adviser:    Georgo Spreull
Kamloops, B. 0 J. I. Peterson Box 812
3 Victoria St.
Merritt, B, 0 Andrew Dickie Box 8
Nelson, B, 0 X. Mutch .Box 197
Meetings are held In the O. B. U. Hall, Baker Street,
Nelson, on the first and Srd Sunday of each month at
3 p.m.
Prince George, B.C... J. Stevenson Drawer 20
Prince Rupert, B.C...J. H. Burrough ....Box 833
Victoria, B. 0 E. Waterson H. 1424 Gov't Street
Edmonton, Alta 0. Berg 10333-lGlrt St. E.
Prince Albert, Sask..Geo. Tether 108—8th St. E.
Sudbury, Ont ~.W. Cowan Box 600
Sudbury Hotel
Port Arthur, Ont. ...G. Anderson ,
Fort Frances, Ont....T. Mace ...._
Cobalt, Onl
—J. D. Otaney....
J»l Bay Street
-.Box 890
Webster Hall
..J96 Lang St.
. 8 0ra% St E.
Vancouver District Secretary:   61 Oordova St W.
tion, did not your foreman take
his orders away from the Joy Labor Agency, and turn them over to
Hick's Agency, when he' could have
got his men from the L. W. I. U.
headquarters? Was there any
sympathy shown there toward your
union? Now, you know why he
hns given Hick's his orders for
men. Your union advocates time
and one-half for overtime, legal
holidays and Sundays. Did he give
It to you when you asked him?
Furthermore, It Is very little sugar,
"sympathy" will buy nowadays.
Speaking again about your bathhouse, a person having his bath
generally likes a little privacy.
Now, I will come bnck to this ill-
feeling subject. In my experience
in logging camps, the majority of
Ill-feeling between employees, is
that there Is too much conciliation
between employer and individual
employees. Again, in using this
term (haywire) in connection with
camps, It is not necessary to Include the machinery. A camp can
bc haywire aside from that.
J. E. M.
Charter Lumber Co. or Falls Logging Company
This camp at 12 H Mile Post,
Cowichan Lake; a new outfit just
started up; five bunk houses 12x14,
single floor and walls; you can put
your hands through any place. One
cook-house 12x18, not room for all
at one time. Chinese cook, can't
boil hot water for a tramp. Mutton stew three times a day, and
not enough to go around at that.
Two union men on job at present;
the rest, about 20 men, mostly tar
heels going home Saturday, coming back on Monday. Four to five
men in a bunk house; no bull cook;
have to rustle your own wood and
water. Whistle blows 15 minutes
to 8 and 1 o'clock, so you work
about 9 hours per day. "Members
going to this camp take notice, that
It Is the most up-to-date haywire
in British Columbia, and the best
I have seen in the last ten years.
DEL, 56.
Drury Inlet, Northern Cedar Logging Company
At a meeting held by the men
ln this camp on April 15, a motion
was carried, "that the foreman
would be given 30 days to come
through with the Loggers Union
standard of conditions at this camp.
That is—eight-hour day camp to
Top bunks removed.
Blankets, sheets, pillows and
pillow slips to be supplied by the
company and kept In sanitary condition.
Da W & Falk
Since the company took over
this camp from the contractors,
there has been a decided improvement. The company has met the
men's demands, and the crew Is
100 per cent, organized. Camp
meetings are held every Wednesday night; a good cook well supplied with provisions; and by the
time this Is printed, it will be a
good camp to work tn.
The Ladder Lake Lumber Co. of
Big River, Sask., have been working nine hours a day all through
the winter months; last week they
decided to go back to ten hours.
This did not suit the boys, who
held a meeting and presented the
following demands to the manager:
1. Strictly nine hours a day.
2. No discriminations.
The flrst demand the manager,
W. K. Nichols, asked for a few
days grace, so thut he could communicate with the owners, but he
agreed to the second demand. The
next day he turned Judas, had the
following notice posted up at the
mill for the workers to read, and
flred all the active members of the
O. B. U.
'On account of short summer
seasons, and ln order to maintain
production, and to do our part towards relieving the present shortage, It is necessary that this plant
operate a ten-hour day. We are
willing to deal with the employoes
as employees of the company,
either Individually or collectively.
'We have no quarrel with organized Labor, but we have no
dealings with any organization
whose principles we believe aro to
produce discord between employers and employees, and no man
need belong to ono and hold his
Job here.
"Commencing March 16th, there
will bo an Increase in wages of 5
cents per hour to all hourly men,
on the basis of ten hour-day. Any
monthly man who feels that any
adjustment of thetr wages is necessary we will take the question up
with them individually.
"Ladder Lake Lumber Co.
"W. K. Nichols, Manager,"
For his deceit and high-hand od
methods in dealing with active
members, the boys have renamed
him, and not without reason, "Czar
Nicholas," and have decided not
to take any action until the sawmill starts to operate, then tho
stool pigeons will be kept busy.
They have already Indirectly been
able to gain an Increase of 75 cents
a day In the last two months.
Advise all members to stay away
from this outfit. Attempts will be
made to hire men from distant
points to run the saw mill this sen-
son. All men with union principles stay away.
Members of the O. B. U. In Big
River are falling over themselves
taking out delegates credentials in
place of those the boss has fired.
They ore determined in spito of
all things, to bring the mill up to
anion standards and live like human beings or men this summer.
They have a great crop of stool-
pigeon in this district.
Members at Camp 7, Quntslno,
collected for defonse fund the sum
of MMfc
General Items
Donations—Defense Fund
Camp No. 2, Dempsey, Ewart
Co., Carrlden Bay, $110; Camp No,
1, Port Alice, B. C, 1142.40.
Any one knowing the present
address of Jack A. Pitts, a steam
engineer, who waB formerly working at Red Cliff, Stewart, please
Inform Vancouver headquarters.
Defenso Fund
Camp 2, Kingcome River, per W.
J.  March,  $173;   Camp  2,  Myrtle
Point, per J. Sundln, $83.
Any one knowing the present
address of Andy More, please communicate the desired information
to Vancouver headquarters.
Donations to Dofense Fund
Received from Camp 1, headquarters, B. C, the sum of $437.50,
per A. Millard.
Strike Settled
The strike at Camp 1, Mainland
Cedar Co., has been settled satisfactorily to the men.
Fellow Worker J, H. Flack,
(F178), was killed at the Canadian
Robert Dollar Co. camp 1, Port
Moody, on April 20. He was standing alongside of the spar tree when
the strap on the slack puller broke,
and the slack puller came down
and hit him. The injured man was
immediately taken to the hospital
at Coquitlam, but died from his
Injuries upon arrival at the hospital.
Kamloops district ofllce would
like the present address of the
following members:
H. P. Paradis, last seen at Prince
J. S. Foulde, last heard of on the
Chas. Petterson and Wm. Wel-
don, last seen at Enderby.
M. Dunn, last seen at Ducks,
B. C.
G. Lines, headed for Merritt
when last seen.
J. Morris, last seen in Kamloops.
M. McLaughlin, last seen at Mt.
D. Mediuklost,. seen ln Kamloops.
H. Staines, last seen tn Kamloops.
Green, last heard of going to
Mount Olio.
Please send addresses of above
members to the Kamloops district
Statement for March 31st, 1020
Dues  .. $   345.00
Fees        37.00
Delegates' remittances  $692.00
Less commission    . .$60.50
Less expenditure     2.70
,   .■  $   628.80
District members v-.,,       38.00
O. B. U. Buttons sold        66.00
O. B. tl. Folders sold  2.25
Literature sold ■■■'.        11.97
Balance on hand February 29 ....,.,,...      726.59
4Y.   "..     » $1,845.61
Expenditures— ■., (
M'ages ■•• .j.,.      160.00
Equipment, Offlce Desk    Uf!        25.00
Stamps ..,._....        10.00
Telegrams     , _}?'■& »       a,1°
Offlce Supplies  ,,.,....        1.90
O. B. U Bulletins V"'** •■       1.87
Bank charges and cartage i....... ^        2.54
Organization y,**      114.15
Remitted to headquarters vr '      300.00
Balance on hand March 31  t  1,227.05
*' $1,845.61
Statement for March 31st, 1020
Dues $   392.00
Fees       46.00
Delegates' remittances $126.08
Less commission $ 9.50
Less expenses 08
•      9.53
O. B. U, Buttons sold  . .■  48.65
Defense Fund collections     2.00
Balance on hand February 29    196.27
Wuges  80.00
Rent  15.00
Heating     ■  9.50
Light       .60
Printing leaflets  9.00
Organization    -    110.00
Delegates' commission paid   .50
O. B. U. Bulletins  2.52
Stamps     ,  9.10
Telegrams      3.95
Office supplies  ,\  .70
Delegates' expenses to convention .'  2.00
Balance on hand March 31  657.55
Statement for March 31st, J WO
Dues    i $   424.00
Fees     u        14.00
Delegates' remittances  i $1,213.39
Less  commission    t $95.00
Less expenses       2.25
Loss collections for defense fund and district fund...     103.50
O, B. ,U. Buttons sold   '. \  60,00
O. B. U. Folders   ".  1.00
Defense fund collections    218.15
District fund collections  81.00
Telephone      4.50
Chairs sold   8.70
Balance on hand February 29   1,303.17
Wages $ 175.00
Janitor service  4.00
Light U  5.15
Telephone i A  9.30
Stamps  10.00
Ofllce supplies I'lx- < 7.80
Hospital patient*  1.00
Telegrams ,  1.65
Organization . ,■ ,  236.05
Temporary loans ,  76.00
Balance on hand March SI k  2,595.71
Statement for March 31st, 1920
Dues  > ,. $ 23.00
Fees  3.00
Delegates' remittances  $302.85
Less commission $42.50
Less expenses  , 88
tamt       43.88
O. B. U. Buttons sold  ft  .70
Cash advances   from headquarters  200.00
Balance on hand February 29  „..". 111.58
Lnmber Workere Industrial Union
John Anderson, R. Armstrong,
Ivan G. Anderson, Frank Anderson, Moses D. Austin, Druce Anderson, Paul Anderson, Toiva Aho,
Grant Walter Anger, Carl Anderson.
M. Boucovlck, Tim Bell, W. Bennett, Roy Boyd, Bill Bruns, Otto
Blgman, S. L. Brun, R. E. Brown,
James Bright, Sverre Brumn, Louis
Bart, Michael Baron, Frank Billings.
Favino Carlo, Gustaf A. Carlson,
Joe Commie, A. B. Clinton, George
Capstick, Jio Constabile, J. Charlton, Carmen Calla, Donald Campbell.
Mrs. John Deacon, J. Dlgmas, J.
F. Daniel, Joe Defrane, B. Deal-
mark, Edward Dunn, H, Dowding,
P. Dulkewich, Harry Douglas, E.
J. Duggan, John Doyle, Thomas
Davis, I. DIcomo, T. H. Dwyer,
Patrick Duffy.
E. Emllkowlck, Rees Evans, E.
Ellefsen, Henry Ellison, J. Everts,
A. Evarard.
James Finn, Spanarl Francesco,
Peter Fortier, Claude Freeman, W.
A. Fleming, A. Folt, I. A. Foil, A.
W. J. Gavell, O. Gable, Frank
Grenfleld, Archie Greenlaw, J.
Grieder, Knut Gerlld, Tom Gralg,
M. Gustafson, Wm. Glllis (registered.)
Milton, Harney, Bob Hanson,
Matt Hanson, Chris Hanson, John
W. Hendrickson, R. Higgins, Walter S. Hull, R. Hanson.
Mikko Isunpvlka.
M. Jockus, A. C. Jones, Hubert
Jones, Wm. Johnstone, Jones B.
Joheson, Fred Jervis, Gust Johansen, Captain Jacks, Vilhelm Jensen.
Andrew Kirk, H. Kipp (registered), E. Kozireff, Leslie Kilpatrick,
J. Kenwrtght, Frank King, N. KU-
Imnik, B. Kemp,
Geo. Lacosse, — Losky, Stephen
Langcr, A, Lyons, Edwin Pearson
Lust, Peter Losle, Ed. Lnmey, H.
Lees, Frank S. Lockwood, Charles
Under, James J. Lardon, Jack La-
James Meikle, Chas. S. Mattock,
Frank Myers, John Meyer, E. Mu-
ras, Nicholas Melosky, Francisco
Martinez, J. O. Meshervllk, Henry
Martin, E. D. Martin, T. Martin,
M. Mattson, D. W. Marrltt, L.
Molo, E. Miller, A. Morrison.
John McCurdy, J. McColl, D. F.
McDonald, John McKay, Malcolm
A. McLeod (registered), H. Mc-
L. Neuman, George Nelson,
J. D. Oulllette, Pat O'Donnel, G.
Olson, Ncls Overson, Michael
Ochock, Fred Olson, J. O'Brien.
J. Potyandi, Matt Pelto, —
Prltchard, John V. Person, Roy
Porrltt, A. L. Provencal, Thomas
John C. Quinn.
W. Robinson, Charley Ridger,
W. Ross, Georgo Robinson, C. J.
Roberta, Alex. Ruscnn, Alex. Rousseau. A. Rossun, Amnion Reld.
Andrew Sutherland, J. Shortnll,
Ernest Saunders, Julius Sorpnson,
Percy Sells, Howard Smith, Albert
Sehlin, Jack Simpson, Frank Spa-
tar!, Carlo Spatari, George Stewart, A. J. Sharpe (registered),
Ernnst Swanson, John Stelner, Tom
Solo, Tom Scott, John Suddln, W.
C. Simpson, Samuel Smith (registered), Wilbert A. Seney.
Fred Turnball Tunus, Charles
C. J. Urwln.
Francis Vetquoskoy.
A. P. Wheeler, DaDn Wilkinson,
Robert Watts, Walfred Walquist.
Henry Yeomans.
J. O. Zonery, Robert Zorn.
Puper*, etc.
D. W. Marrltt, Alex. Dunbar,
Stephen Brady, Dand Hodges, c.
Hellhms, F, Hunt, J. J, Lardon.
Wages   $ 160.00
Rent   20.00
Light     1.00
Stamp i  14.60
Heating   •  8.00
Ofllce supplies  -  6.66
Advertising   fl-.QO
Telegrams  , , .60
Organization   60.00
Balance on hand March 31st v*i      111.00
The Ontario provincial board of
health regulations provide lhat
"Every employer of labor on any
work other than a lumber camp
shall contract with ono or more
duly qualified physicians for the
medical and surgical eare of his
employees; and may deduct from
the pay due any employee a sum
not exceeding $1.00 per month,
which shall he paid to ihe physician
or physicians ho contracted without
rebate or deduction and every such
physician shall supply medical attendance ami medicine to the employees.
Every employer of labor In a
lumber camp may contract with
one or more duly qualified physicians iu thc manner hereinbefore
provided, nnd In that case may proceed in the manner authorized by
the said regulations, and every physician bo contracted with shall
possess the powers and perfom the
duties set out in the preceding regulations, but every such employer
who does not contract for the medical attendance of his employees
shall be responsible for tlie medical
care and maintenance of cadi and
every employee taken ill while in
his employ and shall Incur a like
responsibility for each and every
case of sickness which develops in
an employee nfter quitting his service or after being discharged from
his employ when, in tho opinion of
the provincial board, the origin of
such sickness is traceable to the
period of such employment, or to
an accident to an employee occurring while in such employ, when
the sick or injured person Is not
able to pay for the same—the appointment and adjustment nf the
payment of expenses so incurred to
be determined according to Sec.
117, (subsection 3, Chap. 66, 2
George 6.
Every one who has worked In
an Ontario logging camp knows
that tbere ts one part of these regulations that is lived up to, that
is the part relating to the deduction
from tho worker. What happens
to the money Is a doubtful mattor,
but certainly the medical attention
•uoh as lt Is, i* not worth consider-
Minutes of Business Meeting
Regular business meeting, heldfand
at Vancouver,  April   25th,   1920,
Fellow   Worker   Holllday   In   the
chair.    Minute.; of previous meeting read and adopted.
Communication.-* mid over to new
Financial report given In detail,
Bal. en hand, last report....$1689.30
Receipts from April 9 to 22 4384.41
Less expenditure .
.. 1152.44
Balance an nana ^^. $4921.27
Communication rus*. from
Trades and Labor Council, asking
for a temporary loan to help furnish their new headquaqrters.
Moved; "That we defer action
until an Investigation be made."
Communication read from the
Vancouver Local of the I, L. A.,
asking that a delegate be appointed
to meet a committee from the I.
L. A, with a view to making some
arrangement whereby the I. L. A.
the Lumber Workers Union
could guarantee a sum sufficient to
maintain one or more of the families of tbe men who were imprisoned ln Winnipeg for their activities In the Labor movement.
Moved: "That a delegate be appointed."   Carried.
Fellow Workers Holllday and
Clarke were elected.
Fellow Worker A. Maxymonko,
who Is at present sick, asked for a
donation to help support his wife
and family, as he had been unable
to work fur several months.
Moved: "That Fellow Worker
Maxymonko be given $50." Carried.
Moved: 'That a mass meeting of
all the strikers In town be held on
Tuesday, April 27, at 2 p.m." Carried.
Moved: "That this meeting ask
Fellow Worker Hatherly to convey
to the workers In the eaat the hope
that they would be able to build
up an organization wtihout the help
of a machine."   Carried.
Meeting adjourned at 4:15 (p.m.
ing. The truth of tho matter is
that the whole thing has been one
of many schemes of petty graft put
over the worker. That, however,
was only possible during his unorganized days and tho formation
of a union capable of and determined to, get for the men the conditions they are entitled to will be
the means of remedying the evils
which have existed. The secretaries
In thc various Ontario districts have
taken the matter up with tlie government, pointing out to them the
poor service the men have bcen receiving and also drawing attention
to the fact that although the men
pay the whole expense the employers have had the selecting of the
doctor and the making of the contract as to the service ho has to
render. There Is nothing to justify
such a practice and the health department has replied saying they
are considering the whole subject
of medical service In the camps and
would be glad to learn tbe views of
the union with reference to an arrangement by which the employer
will continue to collect the medical
fee from tho men and that the physician, instead of being employed
by the company, should be employed by the board who would, In that
case, take the entire responsibility
of giving the best possible service
to the men.
This proposal contains possibilities of better results. Worse there
could not be—but why, seeing that
the men pay the whole of the
money, should they not have at
least equal Bay in arranging for
and supervising the expenditure?
Who should have theselcction, and
if necessary the firing, of the medical attendant if not the men who
pny the bill and who will be the
ones to receive the medical attention In time of sickness.
Therefore it must be impressed
upon the provincial authorities that
In tliis matter the men Insist upon
nt least a flfty-flfty voice in the
selection and supervision of the
medical attendent. Failing sueh arrangement it may become necessary to refuse to pay tlie hospital
fee until such time as a satisfactory settlement can be arrived at.
Discuss this matter on your job!
The authorities are being asked
to print thc health regulations in
French, Finnish and Ukranlan,
We hear and read about tlie outgivings of many eminent minds
about an eight-hour day and they
all seom to proceed upon the theory that eight hours for a day's
work Is a recent invention, a leap
In the dark, a daring experiment,
and nobody knows what may come
of it.
As a matter of fact, It is so old
It mukrs Bunker Hill monument
look ilko a thing of yesterday. It
existed before the ten-hour day, the
twelve-hour duy or the fourteen-
hour day. Four hundred years
among our forefathers an eight-
hour work day was the rule and
If there hnd beon no changes In
tho way we produced tiling*, eight
hours would -probably be the standard today, and probably anybody
that wanted to lengthen It would bo
looked upon a.s a demagogue and
a revolutionist.
lt was only because we hnd an
enormous tneroase In tbo pressure
for production, particularly since
the introduction of factories and
steam, that the working day was
lengthened until life came Io mean
for the workers nothing but toil
and sleep.
In modern times the Increase of
labor-saving machinery should
have offset all that. The average
factory hand or transportation
worker now is 200 or 300 times
as efficient as the average worker
of 75 years ago, but he Is no better off. The huge increase In ble
output has not shortened his hour*
This is plainly wrong. It is rottenly and Intolerably wrong. It Is
dangerously wrong for the community. The eight-hour day means
something to the worker, but a lot
more to the rest oi society.
See how this Is. Up to 1874 women and children worked sixteen
hours a day, or something like that,
ln the Welsh coal mines.
Women, harnessed like cattle*
dragged from the mines great baskets of coal. There was a board in
the center of tho runway with
cleats nailed to It. Bent far over,
their heads almost to thc ground,
the women braced their feet against
these cleats and tugged at their
Most ef them were uneexed by
their toil. Nature mercifully made
them incapable of baring children.
The rest, if they had offspring,
brought forth idiots.
The children who.worked in the
mines were so injurod or brutalized
that they grew up either criminals
m strange types ot Imbeciles.
Society had to pay for all this
and pay appalling costs. It is paying for them still.
Tet, when It was proposed to do
no more than to mitigate some of
Its worst features, the mine owners
violently protested and said they
would be ruined.
In this case of the Welsh coal
mines the government determined
to risk the ruin, and reduced the
hours of labor.
After a time observers were
astonished to soe that social conditions improved, general intelligence
rose, good color increased and the
general welfare grew in proportions as the working hours shortened. The wonder Is that it took
mankind so long to recognize the
In the olden days when one man
made a pair of shoes, let us say, he
could exercise his mind and please
his taste In designing and creating
In these days, to stand all day
turning a piece of metal bnck und
forth, or tending a machine that
cuts out leather heels, Is to flatten
the mind, to pervert the soul and
darken the life.
The more people you have working long hours at these deadly employments the worse for the average condition of the populace
which ir the only national strength.
Everything that really count*
comes out of the masses, the common people, the general run of
All tlie Inventions that amount to
anything como from that treat
All the Ideas that really help
eome from what the snobs cnll,
plebian sources. It's only tbo nvernge thnt Counts, and there isn't
much chance for a high average
In intelligence whon the workers
(oil lung hours.
It seems very strange to b« arguing these Tii in.:* iu Canada.
Nearly 70 yenrs have piused .-.ince
Australia ndopted the oight-hour
diy. April 21, 1356, was the day.
In Anstraila it Ix celebrated now as
a dny nf national freedom nnd
In Cnnndn we are still talking
nbout It more or less. The glorious
spirit of Canadian prog/ess goes
rather iunitt when you think ef
$6 Camps *fgr Mills $5
Enforce the Laws!
^mmmmmmmmm TWELFTH YEAR.    MO. II
FBIDAT April  JO,   19Ji)
iduid tnry Friday morning by The B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
'e_ S.  WBLLS..
L»bor Temple.  405  Dunimuir  Btreet
■■  Tolephono Seymonr 5871
Ifdaeribtion Bates: United State, and Foreign,
♦&*> per year; Canada, .2.00 per year; to
Virions subscribing ia a body, t—W ftt
Member per year.
Vbity of Labor:  Tbe Rope ef the World
..April   SO,   19211
Day celebrate the coming harvest of the
endeavors of human kind all down the
ages, and with the knowledge that haa
come to it, will prepare to gather the harvest that has bcen made possible by the
sweat and tears of tke slaves of the present and past forms of human slavery and
degradation. Speed the day. For in that
time will human suffering and misery be
reduced to a minimum.. On the intelligence of the working class will depend the
period of the harvest, and the suffering
tbat the reaping will entail.
SATURDAY, May the 1st, International
Labor Day, will be celebrated by thc
Workers in all parts of the world. May
Bay will be celobrSted this year by the
Workers with more than the usual enthusiasm. Great steps
KAY DAY have bcen made by those
ANO ITS who toil in the past year
fcBOMISES iu aU countries. The
Soviet Oovernment of
Bussia is more firmly established, and on
■«v«iy hand can be seen the successes that
«k»ve been gained by tho world's proletariat. Capitalism in all its brutality has
teen exposed wherever it has operated,
jrhether it has been against Soviet Russia,
j_ the enforcement of the terms of the Allies in Ucrmany, or in Prance against the
Workers, and in that country to the south
of us, whero capitalism has reached its
»nkh, and has shown such brutality to its
workers as has never been equalled in
wiy'.iountry.  The class nature of govern-
Sents has been revealed to the workers.
i Great Britain the struggle is now open.
Lloyd George has flung down thc gauntlet to the workers. Winston Churchill has
openly stated that the class he stands
tor will oppose the advances of the working elass towards power. And so on all
down the line. In every country where
capitalism lias operated, the .lines of demarcation between the owning class, and
the dispossessed, has been more clearly
defined, and to that extent tlie position of
tke working class has at least bcen advanced.
# • *
■While there has been a more distinct
'cleavage between, the ruling class, and
the working class the world over, there
has also been a cleavage in the ranks of
the workers. The younger and more virile
element, who have a better grasp of the
nature of the class struggle have become
discontented with the rate of progress
made in the past, and that section is now
struggling for the supremacy in both the
Socialist and the industrial movements.
That the men who form this section are
Iraund to succeed goes without saying.
They will succeed because of their knowledge, and their conforming to the forces
that are working in society. Armed with
knowledge, which is power, and recognizing the only unchanging law is the law of
change, and that the change must bc made
in conformation with the changes that
kave taken place in the development of
^industry, which have bcen such as to bring
f«bout social production, they are working
i towards social ownership and the co-
[•perative commonwealth. Theif mission
lis to educate the workers to that point
where the rank and file of labor will at
least realize its mission, which is to free
for ever, the earth from human slavery.
* to       a
While May Day has not usually been
tlhe day of celebration in this country,
,owing to the faet that the first Monday in
.September has officially been set  aside
' as Labor Day, the happenings during the
jpast year, however, have brought about
'• change.   The Winnipeg general strike,
with the subsequent arrests and fater conviction of the spokesmen of labor, and
the unfair and biased attacks by the press
and judiciary have at last roused the workers of this country to the point where the
working-elass day of celebration will become the day on which Canada's workers
will not only celebrate, but will protest
•gainst the actions of thc government and
thc result 6f thc trials.   In every large
centre throughout this eountry May Day
will be celebrated this year.  A^ every one
of these gatherings thc actions of the government will be exposed, and R. B. Russell and his comrades who are in gaol will
have a greater power than ever they bad
in the past when they had their freedom.
In every centre where May Day is celebrated, the message of the workers will
reach the ears of thousands,  many  of
whom will not have before heard the call
to the coming struggle between the old
end the new.   And if this is so, then the
Bfierificea that the convicted   men   have
marie will not have bcen in vain.   So it
will be in tho United States.   Debs and
his comrades, while in durance vile, will
send a message across the continent with
far greater power than they could if they
were free.  Thc Hungarian working class
martyr's story has gone the world around.
The story of the Allied Blockade of Russia
has not yet stopped travelling, and the
story of tlie Winnipeg strike, and the political trials that   followed,   has    only
stalled   on  its  way.    The  history   of
tlie    deportations    of    workers    from
♦he   United   States,   and   the   persecution    of   Socialists,   and   tho   barring
of the New York assemblymen, will yet
circle tho globe, and no matter what the
ruling class may do it is bound to result
in the spreading of working class propaganda.   So on this May Day, in the year
1920, with its promises of   spring,   the
workers can see the promises gl tlio new
order, with the banishment   of   human
slavery.   The promises of spring arc as
nothing to the promises of the coming
freedom of the world's workers.    Capitalism is now tottering to its doom, and,
)ikc tlie winter that has past, will soon
be    forgotten   in   the   summer    time,
the  summer  time  of  ths  co-operative
commonwealth,   and   tho   sunshine   of
human   freedom   and   happiness.    The
world's   working  class  will   this  May
WHILE the president of the Associated Press has waxed very
wroth because of the attacks made on the
veracity of the .news dispatches sent out
by thai organization, the fact remains that
the '/news" whicli appears
in the daily papers is in
many instances garbled, and
doctored, in order to hide
the truth. There are many
instances of ev'en Associated Press despatches having been again doctored by
local editors in order to obtain certain
eifects in the locality in which thcir
papers circulate. But with all this manufacturing of news, and ruling class propaganda, the truth leaks out for the simple
reason that the methods employed are
crude and clumsy. One of the main
efforts of the press to discredit Socialism,
and particularly the Soviet Government
of Russia, has been to charge Socialists
with committing those deeds which capitalist governments arc guilty of, and in
the case of Russia, of accusing the people
of that country with starving and ill-
treating thc people, and generally bringing aliout chaos. Exactly just what capitalism has done the world over.
Two articles appeared in a local paper
this week. They were both produced in
the same issue. The heading on the one
which was dealing with Russia, was:
"Russia Ruled by a Small Clique." The
second article, whicli dealt with the San
Remo conference, had a sub-head which
read " 'In future crisis,' he told Millerand, 'We two will meet and have it out.' "
This was a statement credited to Lloyd
George, who had evidently capitulated to
the demands of Millerand iu connection
with the enforcement of the peace terms
on Germany. This article on Russia was
an attempt to prove that that country
was in the power of not more than two
hundred persons. That this is not true
can be proven by even a casual survey of
the methods of government established in
Soviet Russia, but even supposing it was,
if two hundred men are ruling Russia, it
is not nearly so autocratic as the settling
of terms which affect not one nation only,
but many, by two individuals, namely,
Lloyd George and Millerand, For while
we are supposed to have done away with
secret diplomacy thc faet remains that the
people of France and Great Britain have
very little knowledge of the manoeuvres
of the inner circle of government in
those countries.
* * *
Taking the wider field, which embraces
the capitalistic world, a few men are the
real power behind the governments of
the different countries; the real power being the financial interests, which determine whether there shall be war or not;
whicli determine whether members of the
working elass shall become cannon fodder
or whether production shall be continued,
or cut off. It is also the power which determines that men in high places such as
Caillaux, who was proven to have had
dealings with the enemy, shall be punished, or whether he shall go free, because of the fact that they were all playing the same game, and only because of
the fact that the parties to the trial, who
in most eases as guilty as the accused, but
were not found out, were they not in the
same position. Caillaux could no doubt
tell a nice little story of the treachery of
thc ruling powers who were urging the
workers to spill their blood in their interests, while they rchped the profits of
war. If the capitalistic press wishes to
expose the autocracy of clique rule, there
is no need to go to Russia as an example.
They can find many worse cases in the
capitalistic world, which is run by a
clique that controls the lives and destinies
of untold millions of people.
of commodities is expressed in money
tokens. The.money tokens have decrc^se|l
in value because of the fact that ,the
amount of socially necesssary labor time
behind them has been depreciated by the
inflation of the currency over aud above
the standard which prevailed before the
war. To that extent, money has become
cheaper, and commodities when measured
by money, dearer. Marx sums the situation up in the following words: "A general rise in the price of commodities ean
result only, either from a rise in their
values—the value of money remaining
constant—or from a fall in ths value of
money, the values of commodities remain
ing constant. The latter has happened.
Monoy has deprcciaed in value, and the
commodities have remained more or less
constant in their value, which has heen
determined by thc amount of socially
necessary labor power to reproduce them.
Perhaps Lord D'Abernon will convince
some people that Marx knew just what
he was talking about.
Rome was destroyed hy the corruption
that was within its borders. It's present
day counterpart, thc capitalist world, is
slowly drifting to the same fate. It has
been reported that New York is suffering
from an orgy of vice. By its fruit shal
tree be judged. The fruit of capitalism
is death and destruction. Vice and all
the evil that men can think of, aro Hi
product of the present system. Obtuiniiij
its support from human slavery, sappiiij:
lhe life's blood of its slaves, the present
system places a premium on crime. The
greatest achievement of the system being
war, and out of the carnage whicli the
world had such an abundance of in the
years just past, shall come the awakening
of the people. It was the fruit that gave
the people a knowledge of the evils of the
present system, and armed with that
knowledge, the people will cut down the
tree which has spread its corrupting
tluencc the world over.
Some Impressions of the I. L. P. Conference
A local paper during the week published a news item on the elections in Denmark. The heading ot' this article read
"Danish Beds get setback." The news
item which followed distinctly contra'
dieted the heading, and instead of the
Reds getting a setback, they made gains.
Tho despatch in question read in part as
"The   Social-Democrats,  Independent Radicals, eacli lost one seat.  Th'e' I
Trades party gained three seats, the-'
Conservatives  seven,   the  Socialists
four and the Liberals four.   The next |
house will be made   up  as  follows:1
Trades party, 4; Conservatives, 28;
Radicals, 17; Socialists, 42, and hiber-t'
als, 48." 1
From the abovo, the "Reds" evidently
gained four seats, and with the exception
of the Liberals arc the strongest element
in the Lower House of Parliament. This
is only another example of press veracity.
The principal Question agitating
the minds of the delegate* attending! the I. L. P. conference at Glasgow, April 4, 5 and 6, was the question of the Third International.
While the debate ranged from severance from the Second Geneva In-
l&rnational to the affiliation with
Lhe Third Moscow International,
and covered al] the phases of the
I'aoilist as againat tho Revolutionary element, the real struggle waa
between Marxism versus Revisionism.
One thing stood out prominently. It was not a Socialist conference—though all the delegates
fondly imagined that they were
The discussion on most questions,
and most of the questions, were
such as. would occur in a conference of any progresaive capitalist
It would be incorrect to say
there were no Socialists present.
The Left Wing group, tho most
able speaker of which waa Walton
Newbbld, contains many Marxists.
They represented about one-third
of the conference.
Philip Snowden was tlio chairman, and is one of those Democrats with an autocratic psychology so often found among those
who are so strong on righteousness
and justice.
Ramsay Macdonuld was also on
hand to defend the second and
oppose iimilallon with the third.
Almost nil the discussion ranged
around the question oC using force
In order, to achieve the Social Revolution. Tlie Pacifists, who were
the majority, objecting to force,
being used to achieve the workers'
emancipation. The Pacifist H*in the
majority of coses boing members
of what is known as the Biack-
coated fraternity. CJod was frequently called upon—ln fact He
appeared to be in great demand by
thc mentally blind section of the
conference. Ramsay Maedonald
was very weak. He seemed to
realize thut the movement was
slipping away from him. When he
attackedj the idea of aiming the
proletariat, the conference, or its
left wing, cheered before lie could
complete the sentence, and when
he finished by opposing the disarming of the bourgeoisie, they
Mrs. Snowden, a very able, cul
tured speaker, distinctly not proletarian, aupported the second later-
national. Then oommenoed the
giving of testimony oa one side,
and the other. The vote waa overwhelming in favor of withdrawal
from the second International, and
ubout 2 to 1 against Joining the
The reason they should not Join
the Third International, because
they wera not Socialists, did not
appear to occur to thom.
Robert Smillie, looking rather 111,
came in during the first day's session, and received a tremendous
ovation. He stayed a couple of
hours, and then  left.
While the call fornnily was very
strong, from all sections of the
conference, the inevitable split was
commencing to manifest itself. The
younger, more virile group, will
not remain content with the affiliation with the Labor Party, and
through its members with tho Coalition government.
The spread of Marxian economics
and of a knowledge of historical
materialism is bound to split the
I. L. P. notwithstanding the spellbinding of its bourgeois orators.
Socialism wilt break up tho home,
it le Hid. Will some one toll tbe
workera who have no home, what
will build them one.
Skilled attention, high-grade
material, perfection in fitting,
are featuret of our dental plate
department. .
Dr. Gordon Campbell
THE high cost of living question has
again figured largely in the press this
week. Lord D'Aljjcnion, who is credited
with being an authority on finances, has
stated quite plainly that the inllation of
the currency has been tho
HIGH primary cause in forcing
PRICES up the prices ot oommodi-
AND VALUE ties, and that diminution
in production has bcen
only a very minor factor. He has also
stated that money was worth less, and
consequently prices are higher. Thus
once again we have a capitalistic economist supporting' the Marxian theory of
value. Whether he knows it or not is another question. But the statements of
Lord D'Abernon amount in fact to a
statement that labor is the source of all
value, and that according to the amount
of socially necessary labor time embodied
in commodities, their value will bc determined. Many people will persist in confusing prices with value, and this is the
reason for the misunderstanding on the
high cost of living quostion.
# » »
Expressed in socially necessary labor
time, the value of the necessities of life
have not materially altered during the
pnst few years. The same amount of labor
time is embodied in them, with the exception of some few commodities whicli
are now produced with lesss human labor
than they were in 1914, this being due to
the perfection of thc methods of production and which have to a great extent
eliminated the quantity of labor time
necessary for their reproduction, and to
that extent, their value has decreased,
while the priee is higher. Price is the
monetary expression of value.   The value
Readers of the Federationist will regvet
to hear that William Ivens, who is now in
the Manitoba provincial gaol, for hating
■spoused the workers' cause, has lost his
youngest son, Lewis William, who died
Friday last. Comrade Ivens was allowed
out of gaol with two policemen in time
to sec his son before he died, and also to
attend the funeral on Sunday.' The sympathies of all workers who have any
knowledge of the real cause of the conviction of the labor men in Winnipeg, will
go out to our comrade in his bereavement ; and Mrs. Ivens will not be forgotten
in her hour of grief, and labor will remember in the days to come the fact that
not only were innocent men imprisoned,
but that the tears of the women folks have
sanctified the cause for which Ivens
Tom Moore has expressed the wish to
sec the 0. B. U. movement out in the open.
Perhaps after his visit to Winnipeg he
will have seen enough of it. If, however,
he still has a desire to sec it still more out
in thc open, then there is no doubt that
the 0. B. U. here will be only too pleased
to hire a theatre or some other meeting
place to have a local exponent of thc new
form of organization debate ,the subject
with him. To date only one representative of an international has had the courage to come out where he could he seen
and defend the international unions. Vancouver working men are very critical, and
would be pleased to give Tom the once
ihe ran
To attempt to talk with the people on
Mars, that ia if there are any people on
it crazy enough to wish to talk to the inhabitants of a world that allows its young
to starve to death because of the class
ownership of the means of wealth protcc
tion, may be alright, but to us it would
appear much better if the people on this
earth would abolish the system that places
a premium on crime, and the exploitation
of a slave class, which is submerged with
misery. %
Sir Oliver Lodge is convinced that consciousness exists after death. If this lefrn-
ed gentleman will show us a method of
making the workers class conscious,', he
will accomplish much more for humanity
than he will by proving that there' is
something in the future. To us it hardly
seems possible that slaves who hug their
shackles in this world, will be capablft of
existing in any hereafter, as they have
not yet learned how to live here.
Business   Demoralization
'Exists All Over
[By Paul Hanna]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
The official and financial attitude
of the United States toward Europe
just now is that of a man with Angers sufted into his enrs waiting to
hear the erush. A slim chance of
salvation is said to lie in tlie drastic confiscation of private fortunes,
provided It were carried out simultaneously in all the large countries.
But no nation dares take the lead.
In every parliament of Western
Europe the property owning classes
dominates and arc determined that
it were better for all to go down together, than for any one group to
make the partial sacrifice that
might prolong Hs class supremacy.
It is this terror of statesmen in
an open boat above a cataract that
Is bringing the formal peace with
Soviet Russia, which may be proclaimed by the Entente premiers at
San Itetuo. An ofllcail trade and
amity mission from Moscow will
reach London during the coining
week. During the same period,
ships will depart from Italy laden
with Russian, prisoners whose space
abord ship will be taken at Odessa
by tons of Russian wheat to bo
carried hack to Italy.
Frederick Palmor, war correspondent, arrived from Europe on
April IB .with a report that despair
rules the continent. "There is food
In Germnny for the wealthy," he
says, "but tho poor nro in a wretched plight. If tlie German workmen starve much longer, there is
no doubt they will turn lo Bolshevism and join hands with the horde
from Russia who tell him the world
is hla. The Poles see no help coming from any one, and feel they
must join the Bolshevists. In Austria and Hungary the condition is
that of a carcass left for the vultures to pick. All the little countries huve started bureaus of their
own without the faintest idea of
how to run the government, nnd
the result is hopeless chaos. All
over Europe industry and transportation is stangnant or demoralized.
In every big station one sees hundreds of freight cars and locomotives damaged and out of commission."
That reads like what we used to
hear of Bolshevik demoralisation.
Instead, It Is an anti-Bolshevik's
sorrowful description of life In the
"great democracies" of Europe, It
is the mire from which Sir George
Paish would have the American
people drag Europe with a golden
chain of their remaining wealth.
So far from being the picture of
Bolshevik Russia, lt is to Russia
that the victims of this desolutton
now turn to be saved.
"Statesmen In England, France
and Italy told me the Allies will
probably have to recognise the Soviet government, as that is the only
way trade can be resumed with
Russia," concjudes Palmer,
Temiskaiuing Kiwi Ion
Editor B. 0. Federationist: On
Api-i! Till last, there was held a
bye-election in the Temlskaming
riding of New Ontario. Long Angus
McDonald, the so-called Bolshevik,
wus elected by a substantial majority ovor two old party candidates, a Liberal and a Conservative, the latter being a "returned"
man. A few "Incidents" served to
enliven things locally. The day
previous to the election, two mom-
burs of parliament came to town
lo speak on behalf of the Conservative candidate. They peddled
the usual line of dope thut will not
bear repeating in good company,
and when touching on the tariff,
Lieut.-Colonel Arthurs of Parry
Sound, statod that the duty on imported necessities was practically
nil, but thut ou imported luxuries
wius pretty steep. The Hon. Mr.
Simpson, of Sault Ste. Marie, whilst
spenking, claimed that the Union
government had enfranchised the
women, implying that all women
In Canada, who were British iub-
jects, 21< years of age and over,
were entitled to vote at Federal
elections. At the close of the speech
making, one Jas. Tobin, asked in
anything but a whisper, how much
duty had beeu paid on tho diamond
in tho finger ring of Lleut.Colonel
Arthurs. Mr. Arthurs replied that
no duty was required, as the ring
did not contain a diamond (it was
phony). Tohin's point was well
taken, as diamonds are admitted
to Canada duty free. Pretty steep
on that luxury, eh? Tobin then
asked Hon. Simpson where he got
the information that women were
enfranchised (as before stated)
from. Simpson stated that he
knew,he was right, as he voted on
the bill in the House in 1918. Tobin refused to be persuaded, however. On election day several men
who conlsdered themselves entitled
lo vote, put in an appearance at
lhe poll and were threatened with
jail and other pains and penalties
if they voted (by the old party
henchmen), but the men had come
io vote, ond voto they did. One
smart Conservative lackey stood on
the steps of the polling place handing cards to voters asking support
for the Conservative candidate.
The reeve being a "good" old-fashioned citizen, and not one of those
noisy "reds," announced that he
could tako no steps to stop the
practice, (although he had the
powers of a police magistrate).
The deputy returning oflicor and
the special cop were both Tories,
and refused to act.
Tho old stand-by's were inclined
to "go it," as they did at the steal
in 1917, but their valiant efforts
were of no avail locally, as Long
Angus obtained a good majority
For the first time In history,
"Labor" man won out and the fat
Is in the flre,
i Long Angus will not set the
House by thc ears. Alone he cannot accomplish much, but his election shows the trend of public opinion and Is that much of a service,
For Bale or exchange, oa and nftor
May Ut, ftt tiou.t'n Boole Exchange,
WU% Camhie Si reft, Vancouver.
Mail order* promptly tilled; make
up a canip order today. Sead moaar
ontcT or registered laltar, for 95.00
or flO.OO worth. Addrns:
Boult'g Book Exchange
313>/i OamMe St.,   Vancouver
It has been reported in the press that a
young lady ia Brantford, Ontario, fainted
on seeing hor father in church wearing
overalls. We wonder what she would have
dono if her father hud have been wearing
overalls and working in some mill, mine
or factory. Possibly, if such a thing had
have Iftippencd, it would havo been the
father that would have fainted.
After all the talk about capita! and la-
boy getting together, we notice that the
rebellions slaves still continue to kick
againat the portion that is allotted to
them by the ruling clasa.
He M. Nugent & Co.
Tents and Awnings, Carpenters' Aprons and Overalls, Pants
and extra clothing, Longslrore-
inen's Hooks, etc. Estimates
given mi all canvas work,
Vancouver, B. 0.
Phone Sey. 4641
Defense Committee Meeting
B. C. Defense Committee
Tonight, Friday, at 8 p. m.
AflJfembers Are Requested to Attend
Dental Nurae in Attendance.
Open Bvealnjca, 7i!t0 to 8.M.
Granville Street
Corner Itobaon Street
Over Owl Draff tton
Phene Seymonr 6Z38
Canadian Clothes
for Canadian Lads
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
Spring Is hart, and witk tt ftt
desire to spruet up.
Our display at 2»th Ctntury
Brand Clothlnf for young mea It
the talk of the city.
Clubb & Stewart
309 Hastings St. W.
Opposite the Orpheum
SU Abbott SlnM
SUNDAY,  t  P.M.
Central lfen'a Brotliarhoat
Speaker: C.VIT. H. W. COU1KQ
Probation Officer
Pianist:   MR. LEO MAHRBR
Doors Opm 1:10
Everybody Welrasaw
Matinee  2.30
Evening! „ 8.20
A -        msxi was
Tlie MuMml Comedy Sarpritt
Olher   Bis Feature*.
Bank of Toronto
Assets OTOt 1100,000,009
Dapositf     79000,00ft
Joint Savings Aeooant
A JOINT Savlagi Aeaowft mt ha
opened ftt Tho B»nk st Toronto
li tk* namo of twa or nan
ptnow. In thua accoaati eltfcar
party atay ilgn afaaqaaa or depaall
money. For tba dWoraat namWta
at a family or a tm a Joint aaaaml
la oftca a great eeavaniaaca. I&tataat
la paid oa balanooa.
VaneouTar Braneh:
Oontr Haitinp and CaaMa ItnaM
Branobea at:
Vietoria,   Marrltt, Maw WaatmlMNr
11M <H«(U aarasl
Sudtr stnisae, 11 am. ant 1.00 tta.
Bonier school inuasdiaMy foUoviaa
mscaiag amies. Wtdassday tssltasaM
msillsi,    I    pjs.    hst   naiine   nsss,
M1-WJ   Bisks   Bid*.
Ftnirau,   wmi.imiM,   ra-
Unite OBelals, writs hr prists.  Ve
(Its SATOTlOnotl
Phoaa Beymour UN
Blaf ap Phone leysurar HM fn
Dr. W. J. Curry
Initt 301 Dominion Baildlaf
no top wun TO MWOT Ml
relit* tkt Ottwd tt Mt
Patricia Cabaret
Oas block east sf Empress TkissM
•KITS, B. WVS and tkt BBt
latupiat ths Ittsst stnf has. assisted ky TM Breuae laat Baal
411 HAatnrai araaic i.
Music. B y.B. tt 1
Anyana vBl ackoowledga thai praapt-
aeaa ia answering tho telephone la a
eonrtnr ihown tbo eatler. Prompt*
ntis can ha mada mora affaetfva wb«
you announce who la speaking, with
porhnpi tho namo of tho Arm. Not
only i" It a c*»rt«ar ta tha eaUar, hut
H belt* yoar own bnainaii—it ahawa
jet ara raspouiva, apprealativo.
Bom OmpoM tm Pianlnms. »WDAT„.
..April   S«,   191*
Why Pay More for*
The following are a few of the specials for one
week, commencing today. They show the true
road to'economy and a practical way in which
you can very effectively lower the high cost of
Wild Rose Pastry Flow,
10-lb. sack Ur 83o
flrabsm Floor, 10-lb. sack
for._ „ 88c
Wkole Wheat Flour, 10-lb.
aaok 83e
Finest Small White Beans,
p„ ._ .7c
Purity Flow, 7-Ib. sack
for   88o
Robin Hood floor, 7-lb.
sa*k for ..68c
Pony —ate—a, 84 boxes in
pkt  1.......47C
Chicken Haddte, 14b. tins,
tin __ 22c
Wliite  Shoe Polish, per
pkt —  6c
Witch Soot Destroyer, per
pkt 9c
Carnation Milk, large size
tin 13V,o
Toilet Paper, per roll 6%o
Wax Caudle* 3 for ...10o
Dominion Matches, 800 in
box  19o
White' Gloss Starch, per
pkt  12c
Scotch    Snack    Bloater
Paste, per glass ...18o
Challenge   Corn   Starch,
per pkt -llVio
Desiccated Cocoanut, per
lb .30c
Gillett's Lye, per tm,.14o
P. & 0. Naptha Soap, per
bar „ 81/aC
Finest Tapioca, lb lOo
White  Swan   Soap,  per
bar —  &/_o
Yellow Com Meal,  per
pkt  18o
Finest Sago, per lb. ...16c
Toothpicks, per box._4%0
Farina, per pkt. 14o
Fels Naptha Soap, bar lOo
Cream of Wheat, pkt...27o
Grape Nats, pkt 16o
Another "Man Without a Country"
Ona of tho minor itaa:van'n£es
of permitting the administration
to deport any alien the color of
whose mustache It dislikes, the cut
of whose olothes lt disapproves, or
tha working* of whose mtnd it
fears, ia the necessity of finding an.
other country that will receive him.
One must not only flrst catch his
Red, but, after grilling htm to a
turn, must discover somebody to
whom he can be served on a platter. The theory of the administration that it could keep the Red
sizzling over the fire until he was
charred to a Black has been disputed by the courts in the case of
Martin o\o Wai, whom a federal
judge recently ordered released after thd immigration officials had
held him as a prisoner for more
than a year and a half without ever
having even charged htm with a
De Wat has been described as
another "Man Without a Country,"
and his story is quite as impressive
In many ways om that of the subject of the rtory by Edward Everett Hale. From the facts as let
forth in ihe opinion of the federal
Judge it appears tbat de Wai was
arrested at   Seattle,   on   July 11,
History of. the Winnipeg General Strike
May and Jum, 111!
CHvius the tn* fact* and an tkt details. A bosk that ihould
b» in avmr homt. Over SOI pages of the most Interesting reading ever puMMiid. Send your ordera te James Law, Secret**?
Defense Committee. Room 4, »• Bannatyn* Annuo.
Procrastination doe* not pay, Umt* I* d*ng*r la delay, th* beat
time Is today.   DO IT NOW,
Price*:   Bond* order*, 140 per lie copies, $21 per I* copies,
f lf per li ooplee, single eople* 60* eaeh.   All charge* prepaid.
"The Searchlight"
A Laber Paper published in Calgary, Alberta,
supporting tho 0. B, U. and all progressive
Labor policies.
Send along yoar subscription to "The Searchlight," J
P. 0. Box 1608, Oalgary, Alberta %_
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up
Reserve and Undivided Profits.
Total Assets „   	
$ 25,000,000
_$ 16,000,000
.$ 17,000,000
590 branches in Canada, Newfoundland and British
West Indies.
Also branches in London, England; New Tork Oity and
Barcelona, Spain.
Fourteen branches in Vancouver:
Main Office—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets,
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Robeon Street*.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway Heat,
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets,
Corner OranviUe asd Davie Streets.
Corner Qranvllle and Seventh Avenue Wert.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenne aai Main Street
2010 Yew Stroet.
Comer Eighth Avenne and Mala Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Kingsway Branch and 25th Avenue Branch.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 34 other
points in British Columbia.
One dollar opens an account oa which interest ia paid half-yearly
at current rate*.
Manager Vaneoaver Branch
O. W. FKAZEE, Vaneonv»n
Supervisor (or & Q,
Board of Inquiry Grants
Majority of Dockers'
(By the Federated Press)
London—A decision which has
set a momentous precedent for Labor ha* been reached here ln the
majority report of the Board of
Inquiry which has been for many
weeks studying the transport prob
lem of Great Britain, as it bears
on the question of labor, Tho report grants to the dockers a national minimum wage of 16 shillings
(14) a day, and recommends that
unemployment be charged upon
the Industry, not the man.
With the publication of the report there comes to an end one of
the most Interesting experiments
in the history of British Labor. Before a court of inquiry, sitting a* a
regular court of justice, and composed of representatives of Labor,
of the employers and of the public,
there has been presented a mass of
argument by representatives of the
National Transport Workers Federation. Ernest Bevin, main spokesman for the dockers, created sensation after sensation by his statistics as the waste in the Industry,
and his exposes of the miseries endured by the dockers.
The majority of the Federation's
demands hav* been accepted by
tho court, which among other
things, recommends the following:
"That in all ports, docks and
harbors a system of registration of'
dock labor be Introduced. That
dock laborers should be paid weekly. (Formerly the men were paid
off at the end of the day, with no
guarante* that there would be
work for the next day.)
"Thftt a national joint couneil,
with district and local bodies,
should be'established for the dock
Industry to settle further claims.
"In the opinion of the court, the
time haa gone past for assessing
the value of human labor at the
poverty line," says the report. The
differenlatlon between married and
single men's pay Is ruled out altogether, on the ground that If married men were paid more they
would be discriminated against.
Referring to the claim of the
owners that a sliding awge scale
should be adopted, the report declares that the devastation wrought,
by the war is so colossal as to rule
out any possibility of a quick return to easy conditions of life.
1918, and after a hearing by immigration officials wa* deported.
In February, 1919, he wa* brought
to New Tork and sent to Bills Island. He obtained a writ of ha»
bea* corpus, but th* **** was dismissed on technical grounds. A
aecond writ was obtained in March
a hearing was held In April, and
an opinion was flled ln June
against de Wai. By this time th*
man had eome to look upon deportation' as a happy eventuality, and
he waived the right of appeal la
expectation of a speedy departure.
An awkward detail Intervened,
however. De Wai claimed to be a
Dutch subject, but th* consul of
that country was not satisfied with
the evidence, and refused a passport.
It might seem that at this p*int
de Wai should have been released,
but such is not the way of a government that has set Mt to mold
overy one's mind so that It will run
with that of the powers that be.
De Wai remained at Ellis Island,
but h* became ill and, after considerable effort, his counsel obtained a reduction of his ball to J500.
Thl* wm furnished In October,
1119, and de Wai went to New
Hampshire, where he tound work
on a farm. His employer certified
that he was "reliable, honest and
clever," and except for his illness
he was getting on woll until, In
December, the surety tor his bond
was withdrawn. Aware of the superabundance of farm labor that is
"reliable, honest and olever," the
Commissioner of Immigration at
New York ordered de Wai back te
Kills Island, even if he had to come
"by ambulance;" and the man surrendered himself soon after. De
Will's counsel then appealed to the
courts again, and was fortunate in
getting the fact* before Judge
Knox, who ln ordering de Wal's
release said: "Now deportation,
whilo it maj result a* a consequence of thc commission of crime,
Is not the punishment ot a crime,
and imprisonment for an indefinite
and interminable term cannot, ln
my judgment, be an Incident of the
warrant of deportation. ... If
such be the case then an alien, under circumstances similar to those
here prosent, is in effect Imprisoned
for life."
To this we would add as an obiter dictum. That in America In the
year 1920, It Is a bad business to be
an alien, worse business to be a
Red, and no business at all to be
both an alien and a Red.—The Nation.
Junior I*lwr I/eagne Discontinues
Mock Parliament Because
Interest Lessens
In order to suit aU memben of
the Junior Labor League, that
body had decided that they would
meat at 7:30 p.m, and adjourn at
9 p.m. on Friday last, to allow them
to attend a dance being held by
the Co-operative Society. In that
way, lt was expected that all members of "parliament" would be
present at the lost sitting, since
there would be no counter-attrao*
tlon. But it was all wrong, for
when the "house" was called to
oi-der, only nine members and
some visitors were present. It was
decided to proceed anyway, but
after 45 minutes discussion of the
bill, that was under consideration,
it was shown that It would be useless to continue, and therefore It
waa carried that tha house should
prorogue, in view of the lessening
attendance, and the fact that the
members have other plans that
they wish te further. When the
faithful "members" turned up at
tha danoe, they found the rest of
the League there practically in
force. The next meeting of the
League being teh regular educational evening, will have a debate
as the chief Item of Interest on the
programme. The meeting will be
held at 154S Charles street, at 7:30
p.m. Toung people over 14 yeara
of age are welcome to all meetings
of the League,
Fargo, N. D.—Big business this
week makes Its lost legal play to
block the industrial programme of
the people of North Dakota. The
United States Supreme Court will
hear the case for and against the
constitutionality of the state industries and the bonds issued for their
establishment. Representatives of
the attorney general will present
the case for the Industrial programme. They contend that the
people of the state possess all powers not expressly forbidden by the
United States constitution, that the
laws voted upon by the people of
the state are not in conflict with
the constitution of the nation, or
that of North Dakota. The corporations argue that the measures
are unconstitutional, in that they
tend to deprive citizens of thetr
property without due process of
law, and that by taxing the people
to establish state industries, they
make it impossible for private industry to exist in competition.
Work Has Now Been
Found for the
(By the Federated Press)
New York—An American Legion:
in overalls, "a novel and Joyous
young men's club," in the language
of tho New York Times, Is being
formed here for the express and
single purpose of breaking strikes.
Inspired by the noble example of
college youths who are firing
trains from plutocratic suburbs
Into the city, while tho regular firemen are fighting for the right to a
decent life, thrilled by the spectacle of millionaires' sons running
elevators relinquished by $12 a
week girls, the Chambor of Commerce has decided to make the
sport a permanent thing.
Alfred E. Marling, president of
the chamber, Is summoning this
permanent strike-breaking crew
Into being under the namo of the
Citizens Protective Union. The present rail strike provides the 'impetus, but Marling warns that It is
"for the future that the chambor
Is arming against,"
The chamber is now busily listing those willing to supply labor,
automobiles, motor trucks and motor boats for future service.
The Times says: "The laborer
who turns strike-breaker may be a
'scab,' but the business or professional man who organises against
class domination Is following the
cal! of a patriotic duty which has
too long been neglected. Tho programme is simple, easy to put into
effect. To the man who runs his
own motor car, digs in his own
garden, acts as handy man about
the house, the labors of railway
firemen, evon of carpenter, bricklayer and painter are not difficult.
With far less than the time which
the National Guard has given to
the trade of soldier, men of various callings can learn te break any
and all strikes. Here Is a new form
of civic betterment, a novel and
joyous young men's club."
Withdraw from Metal Trades
On Monday evening, the local
Pattern Makers decided by an unanimous vote to withdraw from
the Metal Trades Council. The
reasons given for this withdrawal,
are that the members of tbis organization are sick of the movements and actions of the International representatives in the Metal
Trades Council, which the Pattern
Makers have dubbed "The Coughlan Council," Two members of the
Pattern Makers claim that they
have been discriminated against by
Coughlans on account of their hav-.
ing progressive ideas, and Indications are tbat the O. B. U. will
shortly be auggmented by another
bunch of dissatisfied croft  union-!
Pledge Unstinted Loyalty
to the Russian Soviet
(By the Federated Prees)
Moscow — Unstinted loyalty to
the Russian Soviet loventmsnt,
and a pledge to the aid Cossack
tradition of freedom and equality,
were promised at the All-Russia
Congress of Cossacks, just held
here in the great hall ot the General Federation of Trade Unlona
Of the 389 delegates prsent, who
ranged from gaunt warriors to women, lot were Communists, - 96
Communist sympathisers and 142
The BolsheTlk revolution of November, 1917, haa made possible
the return to the old democratic
Ideals of the Cossacks, which were
perverted under tht Czar's regime,
the delegates said. They unanimously adopted a resolution declaring that the Cossacks do not form
a separate nation or people, but
are part of the Russia Soviet state.
On behalf of the central executive committee of the Soviet govornment, President Kalinin announced that it proposed to divide
the state lands and the large estates among the laboring Cossacks.
When Nicholai Lenin appeared
before the Congress to plead for
unity in face of the Polish aggression, he wu met with an ovation.
For some minutes the hall rang
with the cheers of the Cossacks,
standing up In their place*.
Polls lion Than Four Other Can-
dldatea—Stockport Makes
Good Showing Alao
Dartford, England, haa administered to the Coalition the most severe defeat it has suffered at the
polls since the general election.
Jack Hills, who fought on the
full, unadulterated Labor ticket,
was returned by a majority of over
9000, polling more than the remaining four candidates put together.
At Stockport, too, the Labor candidate did well, and although they
failed to capture the seats they
paved the way for certain victory
in the near future. The vote w
Labor 111,042; Coalition, 22,847.
The Labor vote in Dartford has
increased by 7104 and the government majority of 9120 has beon
converted Into a minority of 9048.
14 Points
That Are
Sure of
Two Unes ot men's rtgular Ht Black Calt
Boots for Saturday t_n AA
selling   ipOtUU
Men's Black Chrome Work Boots, with heavy
sole, Saturday 0.1% Ck*%
Men's Khaki Canvas Work Show heavy rubber soles. A good e_*_ t_i\
wearer    W«OV
Boys' Sport Model School Shoes, attft qj»
summer weight  t_tOi\*/9
Boys' White Canvas; rubbtr salts, high top;
1-5; Saturday #1   AJJ
Children's Shoes at a saving of from 60c tt
J1.50 pain'
Ladles' Black Patent Oxford* la low Cubam
•r Louis heels.   A laving of 0*0 AA
tt.00 at, pair. — W«W ■
Ladlef Black KM Pumps, la law and Louis
heels.   A saving et ȣ AE
11.75 at, pair  „  e^Vtt***
*********^************^**********m**mm*m .
Ladles' White Canvas Oxfords; la shn QB
Cuban heels, short vamp *\*OteJO
Misses' Browa Calf School Shots;
sizes 11-1.  Speolal	
Misses' White Canvas;  rubbtr      *f   Off*
seles; thsi 11-2  #1,10
6-7 M 8-10H IM
$2.95    $3.45    $3.95
We boast of our repairing becauso through h we hav* (lined the confidence of the public. Onr method of using only th* best of stook du
brought us customer after customer.  Send or bring in yonr rapt*—.
P. Paris
51  Hastings West
Slavery never existed until a man
could produce more than waa necessary for his sustenance. It would
not hare heen profitable.
:Regiilar Monthly General Meeting
,   of Vanconver Branch WiU Be
,   I Held in New Offloe
. ,'The regular monthly general
meeting of tho Vancouver branch
of the Federated Labor Party will
tie held next Tuesday evening in
thc new offices of the party. For
the last two years the F. h, P.
headquarters have been located at
510 Dominion Building, but from
May 1 headquarters will be ln room
706 Dominion Building, two floors
higher in the same building. The
executive committee will meet fn
706 every Tuesday and the general
meeting will be held there the flrst
Tuesday of each month. The report of the committee in charge of
the Labor School, whloh finished
Its second season last Sunday, will
be presented at the general meeting. As there are some important
matters coming up a large attendance is expected.
He Has Bone Splendid Work for
the International
Reval—At the final session of
the ninth Russian Communist conference In Moscow, It was decided
to confer the order of the Red
Flag, tho highest distinction that
Soviet Russia can bestow, on M.
Clemenceau and Mr. Winston
Churchill "ln recognition of their
great work for the International
The conference was attended by
816 delegates who represented
100,000 members. A resolution
was unanimously adopted stipulating that all persons becoming members of the Communist Party shall
carry out ita orders given if ln disagreement with them.
Lenin made a comprehensive survey of conditions In Russia.—Central News.
Strike Victim Cannot Be Poshed
Out of His Seat Ia
the Coundl
Winnipeg—City Solicitor Prud-
tiomme threw a bombshell Into the
meeting of the city conncil wben
he stated that the seat ef Alderman John Queen, one ef the convicted strike leaders, would not become vacant lf the council voted
down a resolution granting him
three months' leave of absence.
The act, he explained, only applied
to men wbo had been convicted
for a period of Ave yean or more.
In the circumstances, a motion to
grant leave of absence, proposed
by Alderman John Blumberg, was
npt put to the meeting.
Milwaukee—"The authorities at
A.lcatraz hare been releasing military prisoners convicted of criminal
and degenerate acts, yet they still
hold Ave political prisoners who
have committed no crime ef any
Socialist Party of Canada
Winnipeg tod Na S
R. B. Russell       W. A. Pritchard       R. J. Johns
Oeorge Armstrong
Campaign fundi tn needed. Collection eude cam b. etenrel
from, and donations mad* t» Ales. Shepherd, P. O. Box lilt,
Winnipeg, Han.
Australian Seamen Take
Steps to Call International Conference
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Special to The Federatlonist)
(Special Australian Correspondent)
The federal council of the Seamen's' Union of Australia, meeting
in Melbourne, Australia, during
the laet week of March last, hai
decided to summon an international
conforenoe of seamen's organisations to consider proposals for
J .int action lo prevent future wars.
A resolution wae carried by the
executive Instructing the general
president nnd general secretary to
draft an international letter and
forward It to all seamen's unions
throughout the world, calling for
an Immediate conferenco to lay
down a policy to be followed in the
event of the world's capitalists
again forcing war upon humanity.
The Australian Seamen's Union
hopes to take the Initial step ln
maklng.lt impossible for war to
be seriously considered in the future. Seeing that the seamen in
the past have done so much to
make war possible, by carrying
troops to the scene of action, It ie
up to the seamen of the world to
take the iii.st Btepe to make war
Impossible. It is (or this position
that a conference will he called.
Mr. R. F. Bell, United States
representative of the National Sailors and Firemen's Union of Oreat
Britain and Ireland, was amongst
those who attended this important
Phone Seymour 335t
820 Granville St Vancouver, B. C.
Spokane, Wash.—Eight hours'
work ln the lumber industry and a
memberhaip of 120,000 by the end
of the year is the goal of the International Union of Timber Workers, which closed Its annual convention in thie city. A strike on
May I will be called If necessary to
establish the eight-hour day in the
middle west. The convention arranged for a special organizing
campaign in tho southern campa
and mills where 76 per cent, of
these employeea are colored.
Subscription Price liaised
Owiug Co tlie price of paper having taken a jump to the extent of
fonr eciiu per pound, the subscription prioe of the Federatlonist will
be raised to $2.50 per year on and
after Mey the 7th. The subscrlp-
tkm priee to snhwribcrs In the
United States win be $3.00 per year.
Tliwse renewing their subscriptions
ara naked to bear this In mind and
send along the right subscription
Jewelry Workera
The Jewelry Workers have sent
out a circular letter pointing out
that the following firms do not'employ union labor: Tod & Manning,
Granville street; E. McDonald,
Hastings street west; Lyttleton
Bros., Hastings street west, and
the Biggar Estate, Hastings street
west. The circular also asks the
support of organized labor for those
lirms that employs union lubor.
Two Harbors, Minn.—Death haa
boon declared to the mall order
house system by the farmers and
workers of this region, whose cooperative company has done more
than $130,000 worth of business
during Its second year just ended.
The stock of the company is held
exclusively by the farmers and
workers, and has been a considerable factor In the development of
the community. More than a carload of dynamite was handled during the year, aad market secured
for several carload* of potatoes.
If a message was received from
Mara end aa expression of opinion
oe to how we manage things, was
given, a bolsheviki would look Uke
a really true profiteering patriot,
ln comparison to tho sendor of the
London—Hangmen ln Hungary
are now helng employed on piecework rates. So many hangings, ee
many kronen. This li the grim
fact revealed ln a recent number
of the Neues Pester Journal, which
announces the appointment of two
new assistant hangmen at merely
nominal salaries, their real pay to
consist in premiums for "the function." These men are employed by
the ministry of justice to hope
those suspected of sharing tn tht
Communist government under Bela
Kun. Since they are not actually
tried, the process amounts to
wholesale extermination. It is estimated thnt more than 5000 persons have been victims of the white
When through with this piper,
pass It on.
Philadelphia, Pa—By a clever
syatem of advertising, Philadelphia
painter* are gaining public support
ta their campaign for a five-day-
week. The 5000 men ln the trade
here are giving the contractor* an-
tll May 1 to grant them th* Short
week and fl an hour, and wtn
strike If the demands are not met.
Pictorial advertisement* portrar-
lng th* painter at' work blocking
In ht* own demands, and explaining why two day* of rest are n*oe*-
aary tn the Industry In order to effect the poisoning of tissues Involved in painting, have gained wftda
attention ,and there ia plenty ef
prospect that the men wilt gate
their end. A precedent he* already
been established by Dlatrlct Council 7 of New York, which won the
five-day week laat fall.
Boy at a unto* More.
The J. H. Sweeder Co.
Better materials—Better make—Better values.   Our
suits prove this!  Let us ahow yon I
in new spring styles
and colors of a large
Cor. Hastings and Abbott Sts. PAGE SIX
FRIDAY April   »0,   U20
——sjSof&SJit)^.^; Named Shoes are frequwtly made
\W0RKERS UNION/ fa Non union factories
No matter what itt name, unless
it bcilK a Jilain and readable impression of this UNION STAMP.
AU Bioes without tbe UNION STAMP are alwayi! Non-union
So not accept any excuse for absence of the Union Stamp
COLLIS LOVELY, a.ner.l JTo.iiler.t- -CHAS. L. BAINE, Qen.nl Bct.-TrcM.
The One Big Union
Published by the Winnipeg Central Labor Oonneil
Reaii the News from the Prairie Metropolla
Sobacription price $2.00 per year; $1.00 for six monthi
Address all communications to
J. noUSTOX, Suite 2, Biilman Block, 920 liaiinntync Avenue
Winnipeg, Manitoba
"Where Iron Is, THfare Is the Fatherland"
A Note on the Relation of Privilege and Monopoly to War
The author of this storr ot manipulation Is a descendant of the Pilgrim Fathers. He was educated at the University of Montana, and
was elected Rhodes scholar, and is now studying modern history at Oxford University. During the war he enlisted in the American
Expeditionary forces, joining the Engineers, later being transferred to the Intelligence Department, and was attached to the peace
commission from December to May. While in Paris he attended lectures at the Sorbonne. and also the sessions of the Chamber of
Deputies. He collected the data on the Briey question duringjthe six months he was in Paris. By profession he is a journalist. This
story is being published in book form by B, W. Huebsch, publishers, of New York, and the Federationist haa been uble to secure the
aerial rights for Canada from this firm.
(Copyright, 1920)
f were being shipped into Germany.fprohibited the French from build-feral and she could not have pro
^Continued from last week)
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—President, V. R. Midgley;
»ice-prMident, J. Marshall; secretary. J.
R. Campbell; treasurer, J. Shaw; aer-
■eant-atarniE, E. King; trustees. W. A.
Pritchard, J. S. Iferaon, J. M. Clark, A.
J. Wilson. MeeU 1st and Srd Wadnea-
days each month at Pender HaU, Pander
Street Wirt.	
•11—MeeU   aecond    Monday    la    tke
Bonth.    President, J. T. McConnell; ■«■
reUry. a. H. Neelanda, P. O. Boi flj.
era1 Union—Meets Snd and 4th Fridays, 205 Labor Temple. President, W.
Wilson, 2239 Gnunille Street; secretary,
E. T. Kelly, 1850 Hastinsa St. E.; re-
eordins-secretarj- L. Holdsworth, 63S—
14th St. W., Nortk Vancouver.
Provincial Unions
•nd Reinforced Ironworkers, Loeal 07
--Maata aaeond and fonrth Mondaya.
President Jaa. Hastings; ttnancial aeeretary and treasarer, Roy Massecar, fcnom
216 Labor Temple.	
and  Labor   Couneil—Meeta  Irst  and
third Wednesdaya, Knights ol Pjthias
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. President E. S. Woodward; vice-president,
A. C. Pike; secretary-treasurer, Christian
Siverts, P. O. Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
Lumber Industry (caiap and mill)
meet with fellow workeri in tkat industry. Organiie into tbe Lumber Workers
Industrial Union of the 0. B. U. Headquarters, «1 Cordova St. W., Vaacouver.
Phone Bey. 7868,
Meets every iai and 4th Wednesdays
la tkt month. Prei. A. J. Wilson. Sec-
treas., J. R. Campbell, Pender Hall, Pender Street West. Hours, S a.m. to 6
Pbone Sey. 291,
Meeta list Sunday of each month at
3 p.».    Preildant, W. B. Thomson; vlee-
preaident,  C. H.  Collier;  secretary treas-
arer,  B. H. Neelands,  Boi  68.	
ployeei, Local 18—Meeta every IriS
Wedneaday in tke month at 2:30 p.m.
and every tklrd Wedneaday in the month
at 9 p.m. President, John Cnmmlngs,
•MMtnry and buslneas agent, A. Graham.
OBee and meeting hail, 814 Pender St.
W. Phene Sey, 1881, Offlce hours, 8
"-■ te fl p.m.
Restores Vim and Vitality; for Nerve aad
Brain; increases "gray matter;" a Tonic
—will build you up. |3 a box, or two for
15, at drug stores, or by mail on receipt
of price. The Scobell Drag Co., St. Oath-
Minis, Ontario.         -
dustrial Unit of the One Big Union—
An induetrial union of al) workers in logging and construction camps. Coast District and General Headquarters, 61 Cordova St W-, Vancouver, B. C. Phone Sey.
78M. E. Winch, general secretary-
treaaurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Maedonald k Co., Vancourer, B. C.; auditor!, Meun. Bittar k Ckiene, Vancouver, B. JJ.
Aisoeiation, Loral 38-12—Offlce and
hall, 152 Cordova St. W. Meets flrst
ud third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-
treaaurer, Thomas Nixon; business agent,
Peter Sinclair.
tke 0. B. U. meet In their union hall
at 814 Cordova St. W., every jfim and
Third Wednesday in tbe month. President V. Owens; vice-president, D. Carlin;
■acretary, Earl King. Phone Sey. 3C6B,
Buteher Workmen's Union No. 848—
Meeti flrst and third Tuesdays of eaeh
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
John Stark; flnanclal iecretary and Imsl-
neaa agent, T. W. Anderson,  687 Homer
Lumber Industry, organiie into the L.
W. Ii U. of the 0. B.  U.    Miliwork-
en' sections meet as follows:
Vancouver—Lumber  Workers'   headquarters, 81 Cordova St. W.   Every Monday
8 pjn.
New Westminster—Libor Hall, tor. Royal
Ave. and 7th St.   2nd and 4th Wednesdays at 8 p.m.
Friser Mills—Old Moving Picture Theatre, MnlllardvilU.   Snd and 4tb Thursday, 8 p.m.
Port Moody—Orange Hall,  2nd  and  4th
__ Fridays at 8 p.m.	
tn' Unit of tho Ono Big Union, Metalliferous Miners—Vancouver, B. C., head-
quarters, 61 Cordova Street West. All
werken tngaged in this Industry are
arged to join the Union before going on
tke Job, Don't wait to be organlied, but
arganiae youmlf.
COUNCIL, 0. B, C—Meets every Tuesday in the Mclntyre Hall at 8 p.m. Meetings open to all 0. B. U. members, Secretary- treasurer, J. H. Burrough, Box 833,
Prince Bupert,  B.  C.
Dr. De Van's French Pills
A reliable Regulating Pill for Women, $5
a box. Sold at all Drug Stores, or mailed
to any addreu on receipt of price. Tba
Scebeli Drug Co., St. Catherines, Ontario.
Subscription Price Raised
Owing to the price of pa|>er having taken a Jump to tlie extent of
four oents por pound, the subscription price of tho Federatlonist will
bo raised to $2.50 per yenr on and
after May tho 7tli. lite subscription price to subscribers In the
United States will be $3.00 per year.
Those renewing their subscriptions
are asked to bear this in inind and
send along the right subscription
London—Lord Curzon, the foreign secretory, on behalf of the
BrltlBh government, recently communicated wilh the Soviet government in Moscow appealing for amnesty for General Denikine and tho
Russian army in the Crimea, lt became known recently.
What about renewing your sub,?
Pbone Sey. 221      Day or Night
Nunn, Thomson & Olegg
631 Homer Bt.   Vancouver, B. 0.
16 Hastings St. E.
0. B. V. CARD
Patronize Those Who Patronize Ten I
North Ameriea (Vnncouver and vicinity)—Branch meets second and fourth
Mondays, Room 204 Labor Temple. President, Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Aw. North
Vancouver; flnanclal aecrvtiiry, K. Ood-
dard, 856 Bichards Street; retarding secretary,  J.   V.  KuGRi-ll,    -.tag    Commercial
Drive,    Phone Hlgh._2204R.	
en—Tou need the Camp Workers of
yonr industry. Thry need you. Organixu
together in the 0. B. U. liidulhriiil Unil
tf yonr occupation. Delegntcs on every
job, or writo the District Headquarters,
01 Cordova St. W., Vancouver.   Entrance
fee, 81.00; monthly dues, 81.00.	
Pastnners, I.L.A.. Local Union 8BA,
Berin 6—Meeti the 2nd and 4th Fridays
af tbo month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m.
Preaident, WiUiam Ueylor; flnanclal iecretary and business agent, M. Pholin;
eorresponding iecretary, W. Lee. OBce,
Room 207^ Labor Temple.
Employee!, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—MeeU A. 0. F. Hall, Mount Pleasant.
Ut and Srd Mondays at 10.16 a.m. aid 7
p.m. Preaident, R. Rigby; recording
aaentarr, P. E. Orifla. 44T—«Ih Avenue
■aat; treasure* T, Mdaway; financial
aeeretary and buelnen agent, W. H. Cot-
trail, 4808 Dumfito Hlrert; ,o81«e earner
Wot er- Mala SU.  Ytvu.falr. ISM R.
Big Ben
Ballard's Furniture Store
1021    MAIN    STBEET
Pbone Seymonr 2137
We  will  exchange  your  second  band
furniluro for new.   A iqnare deal or
yonr money  back,
Uow Censorship Worked
Two things worked against those
who raised the question of Briey
during the war. One was the censorship, and the other, a counter-
campaign in press. As an Instance
of the censorship, on April 6, 1916,
Gustave Tery wrote an editorial in
L'Oeuvre on the Committee of
Forges, entitled "Alsace-Lorraine
and Metallurgy." Tlie censor formally prohibited the publication of
the article, save for the one word,
metallurgy, In the title which he
did not cut out. As Is usual In such
cases, L-Couyre went to press that
morning with a bloJik space where
the editorial was to have been
printed, headed by the word "Metallurgy," which had escaped the
censor's shears. Just aa the press
was starting, a squad of police under a governmemnt official, appeared in the shop and destroyed the
whole front page form, simply becauso of the single word—"Metallurgy," The paper had to make a
new front-page form and was several hours late that morning with
its deliveries. Such was the way
the censorship worked.
Counter Attack
Then, in June, 1916, there began
In Le Temps a direct counter-attack against those who pointed to
the strategical importance of Briey.
Now, Le Temps is in France what
The Times is in England and what
the New Tork Times is in the United States. It is the largest and
most expensive newspaper published in Paris, costing three cents the
copy, while all the others selL for
two cents. It is very conservative
ln policy and ts the organ of the
upper middle class and of the financial interests.
These articles in Le Temps were
signed Max Hoschiiler. In them he
ridiculed the arguments of Engeraud and Tery and the others who
were demanding that Briey be attacked, and called their story the
"Legend of Briey." His first article,
published in June I, 1916,, began
with theae words:
"There are some who affirm that
the Germans have Installed at Briey
a veritable arsenal from which they
drew tho profusion of raw material
for the fabrication of "their munitions. Behold the reality in all its
brutality: To make tlieir munitions, the Germans liave no need ot
single ton of iron ore from thc
Basin of Briey."—(Italics in original.)
That gives the tenor of the whole
series of articles, and now, who
was this Max Hoschiiler, whose
name sounds as French as Kelly
sounds German? He was born In
Odessa, Russia, thc son of an Austrian father of Polish origin, and
of a Russian mother. He was married to a French woman and was
allowed to remain in France during the war upon the presentation
of a certificate of his origin by the
committee of Polish volunteers. He
was not a soldier during the war,
although he says that he tried to
enlist with the Allies.
In an open letter to Deputy
Barthe from A. Merrhelm, head of
the Miners' Union in France and
ono of the revolutionary French labor leaders, which was published in
Bonsolr, February 8, 1919, Merrhelm stated that Hoschiiler was a
revolutionist and one of hts close
friends and that he, Merrheim, was
the one who had urged Hoschiiler
to write the articles In Le Temps
and had furnished htm the statistics and data which he used. Merrheim believed that those who were
saying that possession of Briey
would end the war were deceiving
the public and leading an extremely
dangerous campaign.
"I explained to Horschlller,
wrote Merrheim in Bonsolr, "that
the mineral of Briey represented
a minimum part of the needs of
Germany for iron ore, and that the
oie received from Sweden was of a
much greater indlspenaabtlity to
Germany In making of munitions
and special steel.
"I Insisted on the enormous
number of thousands of men whom
one would have to sacrifice In order to retake and hold this basin,
because of the fortifications of Mete
wiiirhjjouki bombard It with ease.
"With the figures of the production
of the Briey mines, I showed him
that it was with difficulty that the
German production of cast iron
could be reduced and that would
have no influence on the duration
of the war.
'This conviction I still have to
day, for those who have spoken of
the Basin of Briey have often con
founded tho richness underground
with the existing production."
Tho war makes strange bedfellows. The publication of these articles In the grave and conservative
Temps by Hoschiiler at thc Instigation of Merrheim Is fully as remarkable as would be the publication In New Tork of a series of
articles, the purpose of which was
the closo harmony with the wishes
nf the financial Interests, written
by Emma Goldman at the request
of Bill Haywood.
As Tor the statements of Hoschiiler and Merrheim with regard to
tho value of BH«y to tlie Germans,
they arc In direct opposition to thc
opinions expressed by the Germans
themselves which I have already
quoted. And in answer to Hoschiiler, Deputy Engeraud declared:
"It is known at the moment this
affirmation was made (that of Hos-
chillor quoted above) each dny and
from only three of the 18 mines
of Briey, C.OOO   tons   of   minerals
I have written proof that .the
(French) iron magnates interested
knew that the Germans were ex- J
plolting their mines."
if any additional proof is needed
of the falseness of Hoschiller's argument, it is supplied by Minister
Loucheur, whom I have already
quoted as having admitted on the
floor of the Chamber February 14,
1919—after the war waa over and
the French were again in possession of Briey—that the Germans
took 14,000,000 tons of ore from
Briey during the war. And thai,
he went on to say, "Is the equivalent of what we exported to Germany before the war."
When one considers the overwhelming evidence of the vital importance of Briey to the Germans
it i« not strange that many French-.
men unsuspected the presence of al
"nigger in the woodpile" of Le
Tempt. Especially if one remembers that when the Hoschiiler articles were appearing the German
offensive against Verdun had been
practically broken and the French
general staff was considering plans
for a counter-offensive. It was to
Hoschiiler that, thc Socialist Deputy Barthe had reference when he
declared in tbe Chamber of Deputies;
'I affirm that the manoeuvres
and lies of an Austrian who resided
in France during the war were for
the purpose of turning away our
military authorities from the project of relieving Verdun and carrying on an offensive in the direction
of the Briey Basin."
Such were the conditions in
which the question of Briey was
brought to the attention of the
French public. Let us now examine this question, as I have divided
it in four parts. First, why was
tho mineral production of France
concentrated along the German
frontier? The answer to that seems
easy—because the mineral deposit*
were situated on that frontier. i)ut
listen to Deputy Kngeraud,. j,vho
declared in the French Chamber,
February 1st,  1919: .,.,.,,
A Bad Blunder     ior, ij
"It was a bHInder wit houl. ^hikhie
and without equal to havef.rleft
nearly all of our metallurgical! and
mineral production concentrated on
one frontier and on a frontier as
menaced as that of Lorraine/
And It was this blunder which'just
failed to transform our sublline Victory of the Marne into a Pyrrhic
victory, since our army was quick'
iy stopped through lack of munitions, and the government in this
tragic situation could not provide
it with any. There is the origin of
all our metallurgical and Industrial
difficulties during the war, and It is
a great miracle, and perhaps the
greatest miracle, that we have been
able to keep from succumbing to
them, and even—but at what
price!—triumphed over them. We
must never lose sight of this situa
tlon when we wish to Judge the
men and events of that epoch.
(Cries of "Well said!   Well said!")
"In tlie first place, France before
the war, .was one of the richest
countries in iron ore. It had iron
everywhere—east, 'west, In the Py
renees and tn Normandy. The
mills naturally are situated near
the mines, since the blast furnaces
consume twice as much mineral as
coke. There was not a country
where the metallurgical Industries
could have been more naturally
and more easily decontrated than
"Why then, was all of our iron
and steel production, the essential
elements in the national defense,
left concentrated lr the east, right
on the frontier, under the cannon
of Metz?"
, No Reason Given
No reasons have been advanced
for this dangerous concentration,
except that the Committee of
Forges with its policy of economic
malthusianlsm was more concerned
ing any new forts along the Alsace
Lorraine frontier. If that is so,
how were the French able to fortify
Nancy? It is almost as close to the
frontier as Briey, And if Nancy,
why not "Briey?
But fortifications are of little use
in modern warfare, some argue. Tet
tbe heavily fortified cities of Verdun and Nancy held out in spite
of all attack. And If fortifications
are of so little value, why was the
presence of the fortifications at
Mots, used so often as an excuse for
not making an offensive in the direction of Briey?
In the old defensive military
plans of General Sere de Riviere
the regions of Briey and Nancy
were to be abandoned at the outbreak of hostilities, for reasons of
foreign policy. But at that time,
in 1S75, the value of the mineral in
the Briey Basin was not known
and the mining industry had not
been Installed there. Representatives of the French staff aay that
it was ignorant of the economic
importance of the basin.
This some generals deny, saying
that they realized the strategic
value of iron in war, but even so,
the Committee of Forges and tho
government bureau of mines know
the vital relation of the basin to
the making of war munitions. Why
didn't they inform the government
and the general staff? There is no
record of their having done this.
The answer to these two questions remain clouded ln obscurity.
Turn, then, from this ante-bellum
period, and consider the third question: When the war began, why
was not some attempt made by the
French troops to defend the Briey
Basin? Here is what Deputy Engeraud has to aay with regard to
it: i
Without Defense
"This part of the frontier where
lay the soul of our mineral industry
was open. It was without defense,
it was abandoned without a flght.
The region of Briey before the
war was outside the xone of defense. There was only'a battalion
of chasseurs (infantry) installed
there, and that wns not done until
1913, if I am not mistaken. This
battalion had for its orders to fall
back at tho flrst alarm. It seems
established that the abandonment
of Briey was part of the plan of
operation of our general staff.
"It Is necessary to tell the truth
and it is perfectly untrue to pretend—I see Monsieur Viviani at his
bench and he will refute my statement if I am wrong*—that it was
the decision taken by the government tbe 30th of July, 1914, ordering our troops to drop back 10 kilometers from tbe frontier, which
caused Briey to be abandoned.
No! The abandonment of Briey
had been decided upon before.
"It seems to me beyond doubt
that our general staff had not been
informed on tho economic Importance of this corner of Briey and
that it did not know what a strategic trump card It constituted for
"The German general staff, howevor, knew its importance, and two
days before the declaration of war,
cured it elsewhere,'     ^^^^^^^
A Pertinent Question
Why did not the French make an
offensive in the direction of Briey?
I asked General Connor, Pershing's chief of staff for military
operations, that question.
'They never had the numerical
superiority to undertake an
offensive there," he answered.
"A greater numerical superiority
was needed then for an attack on
Lorraine than for one at Uie Che-
min des Dames?"
"No. The reason the French attacked at the Chemin Des Dames
was that they couldn't uncover
Parts." At that point our conversation was unfortunately interrupted.
"Now, as Major-Gcnerul Verraux,
who commanded the 42nd Division
of the French Second Army on the
Briey front when the war began,
pointed out in an article tn
L'Oeuvre, February 14, 1919, thc
French general staff tried Its for
tune with offensives a little everywhere along the western front-
Champagne, the Vosges, the central
part of the Voevrc, the Argonne,
the Artois—except Jn the region of
Briey. And this remarkable exception made him ask, "Why?"—a
question which he was unable to
answer. He went on to say, however, that on various occasions the
officers from his army in liaison with
the general staff had called to its
attention the feasibility of an
offensive against Briey.
General Sarrail, who was In command of this Second Army on the
Lorraine front in 1914, had, Indeed,
projected an offensive in the direction of Splncourt-Longuyon-Long-
wy, the success of which would
have given the French the possession of the Briey Basin, or at
least would have made difficult, if
not impossible, the exploitation of
the Lorraine mines. But General
Sarrail, as General Vennaux remarks, was not in the good graces
of the general staff. When the plan
was submitted, the staff sent back
a voluminous refutation, based
chiefly on the argument that it was
impossible to manoeuvre in tjiis
region. This difficulty, however,
had not prevented the Germans
from advancing 14 kilometers in
two days in that district. The upshot of it all was that the projected offensive never materialized
and on January 3, 1915, General
Sarrail was replaced by General
Gerard. And the iron mining basin
of Briey remained in tranquillity.
It is urged by some that tho fortifications of Metz made lt impossible to capture Briey by an offffe-
sive. That may or may not be true.
French military authorities differ
with regard to this subject.
But, as General Verraux" says,
Whether the offensive resulted in
the capture of Briey or not, such
activity In that sector would have
had the vital effect of so disturbing and disorganizing the work behind the German lines that It
would have been Impossible for the
Germans to continue their explolta
tton, not only of Briey, but also of
a large part of the Lorraine mines
and smelters across the frontier.
General Malleterrc, who com-
( manded a brigade along this Briey
it occupied the Grand Duchy of(front in mi> ind has Uw aistlnc-
Luxemburg; one day before the tioTlt notable for an officer of his
declartion of war It occupied Briey ranki oi hftVing boen badly wound-
and the important points in the «d in action, made this comment in
basin. It realized that here was Le Temps, January 31, 1917: "Per-
the feeble point ln Germany, the hapa lt wag thought dangerous to
weakness in her armor. Indeed, l« begin a premature and uncertain
was here that Germany found all battle in these industrial regions,
her mineral." . resulting in  their immediate   de-
Vlvtanl, who was premier ef Wuction. This destruction would
France when tbe war started, ad- |have been better than to leave them
dressed the Chamber at the close ;t0 be exploited by the Germans,
of Engeraud's speech, February 1,
Waltham Railroad Watches
The man who owns one of these watches has all the satisfaction a watch can give. No watches are more desirable, no
watches are hid ln higher esteem by men who know. We stock
one of the best assortments in this city and our prices are the
lowest quoted anywhere. Here are details of a few of them that
may influence the man who has a watch purchaso in mind:
19-Jewel "Vanguard," 18-size $75.00
17-Jewel "Canadian Railway Time Service," 18-size $52,50
JS-Jewel "Vanguard," 16-size   '. $85.00
17-Jewel "C. P. R.," 16-size i $52.50
21-Jewel "Crescent St.," 16-sise $67.50
10-Jcwel "Riverside,"   16-size    $05,00
AH the above are adjusted to temperature, Isochronlsm and
five positions. The price is for movement only, leaving: the matter
of choice of case to the option of the purchaser.
—Jewelry Dept., Main Floor
1919, and in an eloquent explanation of his pollejvdurlnB that epoch,
Raid that the government for the
Still Another Method
Even if It bc conceded that an
offensive against Briey was wholly
diplomatic reason of proving to the Impracticable, there remained still
world that Prance was jiot the «j-. another method by which the
grcssor had ordered its troopB to' French could have disturbed the
drop back 10 kilometers (! miles) '. German exploltotlon of thc Briey
all along the German frontier. The and Lorraine mines and smelters.
.Plan of the French general «ta«, he Iwhat ls m0™. wllh ver>' llule '""
with the making of   proats   than .jeda,.^ waa t0 have thoso troop, Jury to the mlnee themselves their
*  "" retire 25 kilometers from the fron- production ot ore for the Germans
tier, so that the government's order could have beon cut almost to nil.
really saved  15 kilometers which Th»t statement Is made on thc au-
the staff would have abandoned.    i«horl(y of the president of the Coin-
Gave I, All u, Oermuu "»"•• °< ,P"ges',rDe .",y Fr°"™'P
•de Wendel himself.    The method?
As Briey is very close to the fron- _Bombing tl]e minoH    vwy    frc.
tier this order gave the whole of quently from airplanes.
the region to the Germans without After having denied in the Cham-
a flght. Thus It was that the Ger- her of Deputies on February 1,
mans came Into possession of It. J1919, that becauso of his Interests
Then, when the war changed on the I^orraine frontier he had
from one of movement to one of' ever intervened to prevent either an
position and both sides dug them-!offensive against Briey or the bom-
selves in and settled down to a bardment of the district, De Wendel
war of attrition and of munitions, declared:
It was noted by soldiers and ctvt- ■ "On the. contrary, I Will say that
Hans that Germany was getting It was I, myself, who by my own
from the Lorraine basis—from hand, pointed out on the maps nnd
French Briey as woll as from the Plans of mines and smelters, in par-
the basin by the use of the system
of one of our colleagues, Dr.
Laurent Bynac. He told us, you
remember, that bombardments
from powerful squadrons did not
give the results expected and that,
if wo substituted for them nightly
bombardments multiplied at frequent intervals, we could completely disorganize and render It practically impossible.
"This result has been obtained.
... I myself, a few weeks before the speech of Mr. Lauretn
Eynac, received through a repatriated citizen a communication from
the director of one of our establishments in Lorraine ln which he
told me of the negative result of
the heavy bombardments and
pointed out the disorder and inquietude into whioh the workmen
were thrown by the frequently repeated bombing expeditions. That
was the system of Mr. Laurent
Kynac. I hastened to give this letter to General De Castlenau and
do not hesitate to say that upon
re-entering Alsace-Lorraine I found
certain pleasure In hearing this director tell me that he could notice
thc effect of his communication,
Made Late In War
The bombardments of which De
Wendel speaks wero made late In
the war. Referring tto the earlier
years of the struggle, Deputy
Barthe declared In the Chamber on
February 1: "I have affirmed that,
during the war, a general was officially reprimanded for having bombarded the district of Briey by airplanes, and that at one period of
the war the military chief forbade
aviators to bomb this basin
(Briey). Among those who, not
wishing to give in to such orders,
because they noticed the activity of
the Germans in the Briey Basin,
went and bombarded lt, I believe
some have been punished,"
He waa then Interrupted by Deputy Flandin, a Conservative, who
served at Verdun as an artillery
officer, who stated: During this
difficult period (the latter part of
1916) wc soldiers on this front
often wondered wby our aviation,
which was so active during the
buttle of Verdun, had not been ordered to intervent and bombard the
mines and smelters, from which
arose immense clouds of smoke
which ve saw on clear days covering the horison in the direction of
Ordered to Cease
And so, Deputy Flandin said, on
December 13, 1916, he went to
the headquarters of General Gull-
lamaut, commanding the Second
Army, and explained the situation,
giving him a detailed map of the
Briey mines and smelters, A few
days later he and his comrades
were overjoyed to see that a squadron of the Second Army had bombarded the mines of De Wendel at
Josuf. But no other sueh bombardments followed. Puzzled, he
returned to the army's headquarters. Thero the chief of the staff
told him that the general had been
ordered to cease these operations
for two reasons, which Flandin
gave as follows: Because Josuf, it
seemed, was not in the sector of
the Second Army (laughter In the
Chamber) and because the general
staff reserved  to  itself alone  the
right to give orders of this kind te
the bombing squadrons.
"I was profoundly astonished tad
chagrined, the more so because I
knew, from whut my friends In
the aviation service who had bombarded Josuf had told me, thc
operation had been done with relative ease, with efllicaclty and with*
out losses,"
Deputy Flandin then met General
Lyautey who had been to the gem*
eral staff headquarters and ha<
found that the value of bomblni
the Briey region Anally had bees
recognized and that forty bomblni
expeditions had been sent over It
between November 22, 1916, and
February 19, 1917. He closed hii
speech with these words:
"But during twenty-seven monthi
the Germans were able to, without
being disturbed, extract millions ol
tons of iron ore for their munitions
factories." Aristlde Briand thoa
Intervened, and said that he was
premier during this period, aad
that he and Albert Thomas, Minister of Munitions, had on sevoral
occasions brought to the attention
of the general staff the Importance
of bombing these war Industries et
Free for 27 Months
The startling fact remains that
for the first 27 months of the war
that Briey was free from bombing
planes, though, according to Deputy
Laurent Kynac, who during the war
was especially occuplod with avia-
ttlon bombing, only a few airplanes
were needed to trouble efficaciously
the German exploitation of Briey.
In 1917 the bombing of the district
began, Deputy Flandin said. But
how wns this bombing carried on?
Speaking of the period betwoen
February 9 and October lt, 1917,
Deputy Bynac said in the Chamber
on February 14, 1919:
"The orders of the objectives to
bombard were given to the bombing group in execution of a bombing plan, a secret document established under the direction of Lieut.
Le Jeune, at thnt time attached to
the aviation section of the group
of armies in the East. This plan
received the approbation of tho
Grand General Staff, Frequently
in telephone messages or in visits
to the bombing squadrons, Lieut.
Le Jeune, who Indicated the objectives for the day or for the moment, repeated the order prohibiting aviators to attack certain ob- ■
Jectives situated within the blockaded railroad tines." (Exclamations
in the Chamber.)
Now,  who  was this   Lieut.   Le .
Jeune,  who  had  direction  of the ,
bombing operations against Briey
when they Anally were begun?   According to Deputy DeWendell's own 'i
admission, LeJeune was   an   om-
ployee of the Committee of Forges. _
Always, it wonld seem, when iron (
and    steel    are    concerned,    the
strategical positions, be they governmental or military, are filled  by
this same source, the Committee of
(To be continued next week)
with the developing of the mining
industry throughout France so lhat
the country might be better protected when the war, which everybody—and especially the Industrial
magnates, as has been shown—expected, Anally began.
So much for that question. yNow
for the second: Since the iron and
steel Industry was allowed to be
concentrated on this frontier, why
was it not protected by fortifications?, The Germans, tt should be
recalled, had heavily fortified the
cities of Metz and Thlonville In
German Lorraine. The French, before thc war, had finished fortifying
the region surrounding Nancy near
the Lorraine frontier. That .city
was never taken by thc Gentians
during the war. Why, then, was
not the region of Briey, far more
important than that of Nahcy*t fpr-
tifled? Listen again to De put f Engeraud:
War Finished In Six Months
"By fortifying and even simply
by defending the vital point (Briey)
of the frontier, wo would have held
under our cannon the raw material
essential to German metallurgy. A
long war would have been rendered
impossible to Germany. The German metallurgists have themselves
many times recognized this fact:
they have declared that if we had
guarded this corner of the frontier,
the war would have been finished
ln six. months with the defeat of
It   has   been   Argued   that   the
Treaty  of Frankfort which  ended
| the Franco-Prussian War of 1670
German side—most of the iron necessary for her war industries, and
the fourth question arose: Why
did this sector of all sectors remain
so quiet? Why was no offensive
made to disturb the exploitation of
these mines by bombing them from
It seems to mo that in a war of
munitions all possible means should
have been taken to prevent the
enemy from producing Iron, especially when their iron district—the
Briey-Theonvllle basin—was within easy reach, But this was not
Deputy Engeraud went so far as
to say on May 2nd, 1916, In
L'Oeuvre: "Ths war would havo
been finished at one stroke If, at the
beginning, we had made In this region (Briey) an advance of 7 klklo-
meters on a front of IE. We would
have cut Germany from her min-
tlciilar of those I direct, the vital
points V'hlch should be hit by bombardment,"
"This bombardment," he added,
"was evidently possible, but could
It attain the results which certain
ones had hoped from it7" And
he went on to say that the occupation of Briey after the armistice
showed that the mines and smellers
there had suffered little damage
from the bombardments which they
did receive late In the war. And
then he said:
"I do not want anyone to deduce
from my words that I am opposed
to these bombing expeditions, I
say, on the contrary, that they
have rendered great service and ln
particular I wish to point out, because I was able to notice the
effects tn Lorraine, and they obtained important results in the disorganization of tbe exploitation of
Imperialism Doomed
Paris—Militaristic, imperialistic
France is making its last stand,
against the rapidly growing1
strength of workers. Downfall of
the present government and tho
ushering In of a Socialist-Labor regime ls assured.
Read9 Learn and
Inwardly Digest
Judge Mrli'oirc's Charge to tho Jury in the Russell Trial, m
compared with CAVE In Itcv vs. HUHXS, ENGLAND,  188(1.
Russell Trial and Labor's Rights
Examination nnd statement of Law, and Ttevlew of Justice Metcalfe's Charge to the Jury, In Trial of R. B. Russell, at Winnipeg, Decembor, 1919.
Prices for the above pamphlets arc ns under:—
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Two in One
Acknowledged to be thc most eloquent and historic address ever
delivered in tho courts of Manitoba.
Bundle ordors, $18 per 100 copies, $5.00 per 26 copies; singlo
copies, 25c each,   Alt charges prepaid,
To ensure a copy of thc above pamphlets, place your ordera
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Single copies can be obtained in Vancouvor at the Federatlonist Offlce.
■ -■■   - --- ■ '■ ■
0ttA*A2u__l——W—ti— rRIDAt. April   It,   1»H
twelfth year. no. i»   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. a
Quality .*. Service
642-Granville Street-642
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Ho* They An, IMsxM tor Tm
lib Vain Urn. Oat Xkto Ont and (Mn tt te Tow Wifo
l Bask of Toronto, Hutinp k Cambie; Viotorla, Herrltt and Nov Westminster.
Bejral Bank of Canada, 12 Brunches ia Vaneouvar, 2S in B. 0,
Tiidalls Limited . «18 Hastinga Stroet Wort
1. A. Flett   Hasting* Btreet Weit
Con Jonos (Brunswiek Pool Booma) ...»
Goodwin Shoe Co, _.
Ingledew Shoo Store.-
Pierre Paris	
Wm. Diek Ltd.	
Boots and Shoes
-Hastings Stroot Eut
..119 Hastings Btreet Eaat
..666 OranviUe Street
—319 Hastings Street West
_M Hastings Street Weat
...Hastings Street East
Vancouver Co-operative >.. 41 Pender Street West
MacLachlan-Taylor Company 03 Cordova Btreet West
Cornett Bros, 00 Hastings W.
Golden Onto Cafe Hastings Street Bast
O. B. U. Model Cat* .j .......67 Cordova Street West
Orpheum Cafo -. ;u.... v. • * *.. ...,.-•-..*.. Opp. Orpheum Theatre
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
Arnold k Quigley . 546 Oranvillo Street
damans, Ltd 153 Hastings Streot West
Clubb * Stewart  309-315 Hastings Stroet West
B, 0. OutJtting Co 342 Hastings Street West
Wm. Diek Ltd 33-49 Hastings Street Eaat
Thos. Foster * Co., Ltd 514 OranvUle Streot
J. W. Foster k Co, Ltd	
3. N. Harvey Ltd.....
C. D. Bruce...
Now Tork Outsitting Co...
David Sponcer Ltd..............
W. B. Brumitt...
 345 Hastings Street West
.125 Hastings Wost and Victoria, B. 0.
 401 Hastings Street West
...  143 Hastings Stroet Wost
 .... Hastings Street
   _ Cordova Street
...OranviUe Street
Communism and Capitalism(jffl\$§|f)|f
Thomas ft McBain..........
Woodwards Ltd.  -.. .....Hastings and Abbott Streets
Victor Clothes Shop. - 112 Hastings Wost
D. K. Book   117 Hastinga Street West
Vancouver Co-operative • 41 Fender Street West
Rlckson's 820 Granville St.
Kirk ft Co., Ltd „„-.».„..—. .929 Main St., Seymour 1441 and 465
Fraser Valley Dairiea-....
Dr. Bfcctt Anderson —.
Dr. W. J. Curry	
Dr. Oordon Campbell......
Dr. Lowe «.,.™«™—.
Dr. Grady......-.,.™—.«..-.
.. . 8th Avenuo and Yukon Street
 —602 Hastings Weat
...301 Dominion Building
Britannia Beer..
Cascade Beer-
Patricia Cabaret	
Taxi—Soft Drinks-
Van Bros....	
...........Corner Granville and Bobson Streets
............Corner Hastings and Abbott Streets
.... ..Corner Hastings and Seymour Streets
..—........................WoHtminster Brewery Co.
.........................—...Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
 „... .411 Hastings Street Bast
.— 409 Duftmuir Street
 -...„...........~.™— Ciders and wines
Vancouver Drug Co...
..Any of their six stores
Dry Goods
Famous Cloak ft Suit Co...  - ..... .628 Hastings Street West
Vancouver Co-operative > 41 Pender Street West
Brown Bros, ft Co. Ltd....  48 Hastings East' and 72S Granville Street
' Funeral Undertakers
Nunn, Thomson ft Glegg................^.^_..„..___«..„.*-.™.e31 Homer Street
Hastings Furniture Co.    41 Hastings Street West
Ballard Furniture Storo 1024 Main Street
Home Furnlturo Company 416 Main Street
Cal-Van Market.-..—.......  Hastinga Street Opposite Pantages
"Slaters" (threo storei)............ Hastings, Granville and Main Streets
Woodwards .. . ...............................Hastings and Abbott Streets
Spencer Ltd ...........^.-.-m-....-.......^....-..™..— .—Hastings Street
Vancouver Co-operative ... 41 Pender Street West
Union Publlo Market 35-37 Hastings Street West
B. T. Wallace 118 Hastings atreet West
Black and Whito Hat Store .... .Cor. Hastings and Abbott Street*
O. B. Allan 480 Granvillo Street
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H. Malkin  —.. (Malkin's Best)
Musical Instruments
Mason & Risch 738 Granville Streot
Bwitzer Bros — 812 Hastings Street Weat
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand  (Tumor Beeton ft Co., Victoria, B. a)
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co » ............._..—...642 Granville Street
Printers and Engravers
Cowan ft Brookhouse  _....-....™......-......_-...„-...Labor Temple
Clelland-Dibble  "'        m ■*"
P, 0. B	
..Tower Building
 0. K. Be
_,:i__J:__.,,;~- and the........
Tom the*Tailor  524 Granvillo St.; 318 Hastings W,
Abrams the Tailor  614 Hastings Woat
J. A. Flott.   — Jl - .Hastings Stroet Woat
Martin, Finlayson ft Mather. ...
...Haatings Street West
Theatres and Movies
Empress -  Orpheum  	
Communism is doubtless a terrible thing. Several hundred aliens
have been deported and several
thousand citizens jailed for subscribing: to the doctrines of the
communist and communist labor
party. Russia is governed by a political party advocating the doctrines ot communism, elected by
the votes of those engaged in useful production. Instead ot being
democratic or republican, liberal or
tory, the administration of Russia
is communistic, pledged to put in
operation the principles of communism.
In the campaign to prepare the
public mind for tho recognition of
the communist government of Russia now being carried on by tho
capitalist press, somo of tho truth
concerning the alms of tho Russian government is being told. Tho
policy ls no longer tb publish nothing but made-in-London lies of
mass-executions and kindred horrors, but to describe tho accomplishments and the plans of tho
Russian administration. It is hoped that when free trado relations
aro opened with Russia and recog-
notion accorded one of tho few
stable governments ot tho world,
tho peoplo will havo forgotten tho
lies and havo accepted tho viow
that the press wishes (hem to acquire—that tho Russian administration ls no longer committed to
a communist programmo, but is
simply carrying out a policy of government ownership.
To this end many articles aro being published in the capitalist press
laviiwr emphasis on the alms of the
Soviets. For instance, the New York
World Is publishing a series of articles on Russia by Mr. Loncoln Byre.
One of them contains an account
of an interview with Lenin. In reply to a question concerning tho
Industrial programme of tho communists, Lenin replied:
"We mean to electrify our entire
industrial system through power
stations in the Urals and elsewhere.
Our engineers tell us it will take
ten years. When the electrification
is accomplished it will be the flrst
important stage on the road to the
communistic administration of pub-
lie economic life. All our industries
will receivo their motive power
from a common source, capable of
supplying them all adequately.
This will eliminate wasteful competition In the quest of fuel and place
manufacturing enterprise on a
sound economic footing, without
which we cannot hope to achieve
a full measure of Interchange of
essential products In accordance
with communist principles."
Such a programme In this country would meet with instant approval of 90 per cent, of the population, but can anyone imagine our
present rulers uttering similar sentiments? On the contrary, in defiance of the wishes of at least 75
per cent of the people of this nation, the railways have been just
returned to private ownership.
Herein lies the chief difference
between the communist administration of Russia and capitalist governments.
The Russian government Is placed In power for one reason and for
one purpose—to organize and administer industry so that the greatest possible benefits will be derived
by tho communitjMiatlon —- hence
the name—communists. Industry
In Russian Is a national concern,
administered by the central authority. To work well is the duty of
tie individual, to shirk Is a crime.
The function of the Russian gov
ernmont to to seo that the wants of
the community are satisfied. They
are placed in power for that purpose and for no othor and If the
administration falls in Hs duty, lt
will be replaced by another.
Capitalistic government is not Interested tn tho needs of the co-- -
muhlty. It concerns itself only wu..
the welfare of tho owners of Industry and Its energies are expended ln perpetuating that ownership.
Thousands may starve during periods of unemployment caused by
a surplus of commodities, a surplus
created by the unpaid labor of the
workers. Improvements in factory
methods, increased production ls
ouly sought if the results are profitable to the owners of the wealth
of   the   nation.    Inventions   that
Kingsley Says First Gun
'Fired in War Was Capitalism's Death Knell
Undor th. caption of 'Th. Bad
of aa Epoch," Comrade B. T. Klag-
aley onc. mar. mm hla warning
knell on Sunday night at th. Royal,
th. key-not. being sounded In advance by Mra. O. H. Taylor aa chairman. She assured her hearera that,
if th.y w.r. depending upon th*
would revolutionize production are other fellow, they wer* nearing the
shelved because tke surplus product
could not be taken car* ot under
Attention ls paid ta the wants ot
th* workers only when their misery
'threatens ts lower their productive
power or' when their discontent
menace, th* existing order. Con.
cessions ar* given the workera only
aa a last resort, to stop their protests, not aa a duty.
In other words, th* needs ef th*
nation aa a whol* ar* not th* primary concern of capitalist government.
Tke needs of the nation er cam.
munlty are the primary concern of
a communist government — they
must be, else It will b* overthrown
just aa capitalism is being overthrown because tt oo longer supplies our needs. .
In discussing Russia, therefore,
It must flrst be understood, In order to talk Intelligently, that gov.
ernment there is established to
manage' Industry and to educate
the workers to the point where
they can participate in the management of industry to the'entire
exclusion ot th* non-laboring capitalist,
Th* decision of our government,
in Washington to Immediately take
over and develop th* water power
of th* country, to control its distribution and to furnish lt without
proflt to factories, mines and mills
supplying the needa of the nation
without proflt—at actual cost-
would paralyse tha nation and
cause the kept press to go into convulsions.
In Russia it is taken as a matter
of course. It ls one of the thlnga
for which the administration was
That ls th* chief difference between communism and capitalism.
Communism ls, doubtless, a terrible',
thing—for th* capitalist, — Butt*]'
Chicago—Sixty-five per cent, of
the people nowadays are wearing'
shoddy when they paid tor real,
clothes. This Is not the statement
of some' radical, but comes from no
less an authority than LeOrand P.
Malaney, seoretary of the National
Sheep and Wool Bureau, an Important organization of manufacturers;
of clothing. According to Mr. Ma-.
laney, when a working man sees
clothes advertised In show windows
as "all wool," that doesn't mean
anything. "Shoddy may be all-
wool, but wool that has been made
over more than once, and sometimes even baked to keep Its
shape," he said in an Interview.
"It has lost Its resilency and wearing qualities. The wool, as it
comes off the sheep's back, is
known as 'virgin' wool.
end of their existence. With a con-
tinuanca ot th* rise of prlc** and
th* curtailment of production, tho
majority of poopl* would sooh be
starved off th* fac* of th* earth;
so they might as well make preparations for laying out their lives
themselvee. The mishandling of
Oreat Britain'* food supply shewed
the hopelessness of the eaa*. even
under government control.
Tbere waa no prospect, ah* said,
af thing* getting better aa long as
th* farmer worked long hours, got
one-fourth th* retail price et his
commodities, and kn.w h* wa* t»-
lug robbed hand over 1st. He
would Juat rata* enough ter his
family, aad tell th* rut of the
world Just when they eould go.
He had been, Uk* th* working
class In general, too good aad kind,
lie was now getting tlrad of thta
She didn't blame th* farmer one
Comrad* Kingsley averred: "We
shan't hav* to wait very long for
the crisis—it's here right now. The
whole civilised world la boing eon-
fronted with confusion wore, eon-
Never was th* mind et maa s*
confused as lt wa* now; nover the
sicuatioil of the world so helpless,
Ruling-class civilisation had reached the apex of its achievement in
the bloody war; the first gun flred
In that war Bounded the death-knell
and the doom of rullng-claa* society.
For the last 10,00(1 yean, at leaat,
all the institutions of human society
had rested oa human slavery. The
slaves wer* now mor* cruelly.tor-
tured than over before; and a gen*
oral collapse waa threatening to
.bury those slaves with their matsers
ip oblivion. Th* speaker bolieved
nothing .els* conceivable, except
that this civilization ahould go lo
Comp.et* ruin.
n<nt( r> waa not a record ot human progress, but of tho develop,
ment of human slavery. Machinery
fead never lightened th* burden of
human toil; it had only forced on
an ever-lessening number of alaves
tho burden of producing th* necessary things of life for all, aad
turned over on ever greator proportion to the service of th* ruling
cl&as. By a physical law, lt was Im
possiblo to produce power without
tlie expenditure of an equal amount
"df energy; to suit a human purpose,
it required human energy, and no
other power could take lta place.
The weight apparently lifted by one
man at the lever, was really lifted
by the combined energies ot a mult
Itude of men. The entrance of me-
chanlcal appliances Into Industry
did not conserve human energy;
on the contrary, lt added friction,
which ultimately became Impossible
10 Sub. Cards
Good for one year's subscription to Tb»
B. O. Foderationiit. will ba mailed to
any addross In Canada for 917.50.
(Oood anywhere outside of Vaneonver
city.)  Order ten today. Remit whon sold.
Your Clothes
Need Not Be a Serious Problem
This is the question you men must decide for yourselves.
Which Is It With You?
Extreme prices are unknown at this store—yet every
suit has the right style—splendid trimmings—good
fabrics—and properly fitted by our expert tailors.
Prompt service in this store and servicein the suits we
sell is the secret that brings back the old customers year
after year. This is good business—in > fact we have
several hundred walking advertisers—men who are
always satisfied with "CORRECT CLOTHES," and who
are constantly sending their friends to.D. K. BOOK'S
for a reasonably priced suit. *
$23   $30   $35   $40   $45   $50   $60
D. K. Book
117 Hastings Street West (Next Door to Woodward's)
for thon living undtr tt U f««d
and cloth* themselves.
Referring to tke British
ment'g consignment of thousand* of
carcases of mutton to ths soap-
works, . etc* Comrade Kingsley
pointed out that the mutton was
produced to be sold—not to be eaten. "H's tbo owner's busineu to
do what be pleases with that stuff.
It didn't cost htm anything, and he
won't ftt anything for it,' except
a promise to pay. There is never
anything to pay with; what Is
brought forth from day to day Is
likewise consumed from day to day.
All ths nations are now bankrupt;
they've got mors money than they,
ever had before—and it isn't worth
a damn!" (Laughter.) Profit, the
equivalent of what Marx called surplus value, was merely figures on
the books, or "figurative" wealth.
"That surplus value Is surplus figures; that's all. Ths real values
are all consumed. There is so much
money that it Isn't worth anything.
It never was worth anything in the
flrst place; lf ws understood it;
and It's worth even less now, whether ws understand It or not"
Whatever might be ths purchasing powsr of monsy ths workers
stood practically upon ths sams basis, "it will take you all your fool
Urns working for wagea to kesp
your family from starving to death.
Tou've got to surrsnder your life
for your grub; and you may not
havs a chance to do that mueh
longer. Bach day, the ruling class
is finding It mors difficult to employ you."
Every country wai hollering for
new channels of trade—"trafficking in the proceeds of your lives."
Trade never went to any country
for the food of tht people of that
country. "Ths Hudson Bay Company never brought but anything
except for the purpose of trimming
the Indians and the gang that's
here now. What these hays got to
hold a pageant for I fail to sss.
They'd bettsr hold a funeral—over
themselves."    "*
After touching again on ths official figures from Washington,
showing that ln 1911 only one family in five was engaged In essential
production, the others being em*
ployed on railways, munitions, etc.
the speaker observed: "That the
fix ws're In as the result of 10,000
years of slavery. Its history can be
traced by a trail of blood, whether
In periods of war or periods of
peace. The war of the last four
years was purely a machine war.
It was never fought for any less
Ignoble purpose than that of butch
ering slaves wholesale and at the
least possible cost. That same machine will wipe us off the face of
the earth If it is allowed to go Its
course. I believe It will go its
course, and this civilization will be
wiped out"
If, however (and this was a great
big "If), the farmers and workers
understood the problem, they would
see that, by reversing the process
—removing the people back on to
the land by the same slow pro
cess as they had been gradually
converted in Industrial centres the
problem might be solved without
millions of people being destroyed
by starvation in the cities. "It is
because people don't understand
this that there appears to be no
hope," the speaker added. He ridiculed the folly of strikes, whloh
didn't solve any problem, and declared: "Whito cut-throats and
bludgeon-weitders are recruited out
of your class, you've only got what
is coming to you. You've the property of the ruling class; and that
ruling class has the right, because
it has the powor, to do as it likes
with Its property." To the returned
soldiers he added: "You've only
got what your masters had a perfect right to give you. If we were
men, we'd take our medicine"without squealing; but slaves can't be
This system, he sold, grew up in
about two centuries. It would go
down much quicker than that.
High Cost of Living Demonstration Ends in
(By the Federated Press)
Frelbourg, Baden—Tho goneral
wave of unrest which is Inundating all of Germany, has reached
this quiet south German city. Following the general striko in Berlin,
which made quick shrift of tho
Kapp coupt d'etat, tho workers
and the unemployed of this city
arranged for a demonstration ln
protost against the high cost of
living. It took more than an hour
for the long procession to pass any
given point. From various points
of vantage, speeches were made by
Labor leaders.
Everything went along peacefully until 9 o'clock in tho evening,
when some one suggested that the
Karlskaserne, IA which there ls
stored a vast quantity of ammunition, be raided and the workers
take posessslon of the munitions.
Immediately the police reserves
were called out In full force, and
the crowds wore dispersed. As the
police withdrew, howover, someone threw a hand grcnado, causing
the death of a police sergeant and
of two civilians.
How serious the problem of living has become, may bo seen from
the fact that a ride on tho street
cars, which formerly cost 10
pfennings, now costs 40 pf. The
price of gas, water and electricity
has moro than doubled. Fuel ls
beyond the reach of any working-
man's pockotbook, and eatablos ore
us scarce as they are expensive,
Subscription Prico Ilulscd
Owing to the price of paper living taken a Jump to tlie extent of
four cents per poiiml, tlie subscription price of tlie FcdernttonlHt will
be rained to $2.50 per year on and
after May the 7th, The subscription prioe to subHcribcrs lu thc
United Stales will bc $8.00 per year.
Those renewing tlieir subscriptions
ore askod to bear thlt. In mind nnd
send along the right subscription
Socialism is the science of human society, It Is here and now, but
ths co-operative commonwealth
will only follow when capitalism is
Our Downstairs Depart-
ment Solves the School
Shoe Problem
mO ENABLE us to lower tht priee of CMldmi's Foot"
A wear wt hare opened the downstairs shoe department
rAll overhead costs are eut to the limit and the prices asked
for all shoes in the department are tht lowest in Western
Canada. Before buying yonr children's shoes takt a walk
round this downstairs department and yon will bt oo»>
Tinned of tht values. /.,-.-„
Bttelitt all leather shoes for boys and git— Special vain
in women's Oxfords ntxt wtek
, 3l9H4Sn,i(MT*
If you are       	
one of these fmwm&p
,     . i    ON EASY
businessmen [CREDIT]
and women tpirfjjf^
—to whom tho exingenciet
of a business life necessitate that they dress smartly
—and to whom all thost things that go to make life pit*,
surable—that directly bring aboat sucotsa—must como
within a nominal wage—
W. offer a ser.lc. thtt Is unlqu.—an eaay payment plan tkat
enables you t. choose and near any garment tn our iplendld
stook—paying In weakly or monthly Instalment.—a plan fo limp.
Ufled you never miss the mon.y,
A complote stock of fashionable appanl for ladle* and Men
—• small deposit secure* any garment—pay just aa yoa are tola.
342 Hastings West
Near Homer
Ride to
W. H. Morrison
Agents lor Masaay Harris
108 Hastings Streot _
Vancouver, B. 0.
Entirely new stook of
first -class machines of
excellent quality.
tnnoa HAD!
The 1 M.T. 1 Loggers' Boot
Mill oiltri pmtaadr ittnltt t>
Guaranteed to Bold Caulks and An Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successor! te H. VOS * BON ,
Next Door to Loiters' Hall
Phone Soymour BU Repairs Don* Willi* Toa Watt
Abrams the Tailor
614 Hastings W.
Phone Seymonr 6424
Freih Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouiutta, Pot Flints
Ornamental and Shade Treas, Seeds, Bulbs, Florist*' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
« Hastings Straet Eut TU OranvUle Strati
Seymour 988-672 Seymour 8513
When you consider quality you will flnd
that "Hagar" Shoei ar| tht cheapest
shoes to buy.
They are stylish, they are durable and
they are made in a Union Factory, which
assures you ot good materials and extra
caro in workmanship.
All the new models for men and
womon are hero, Let us show them
to you.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
•twelfth tear. no. is    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. r
FRIDAT. April  JO,  11
1     ISSUED   BY
-'i^jSrtll illtlUli
BOYS' DEPT.—ind floor
Make Your Clothes Buying
Profitable to Union Men
A business proposition must be profitable to the buyer as
well as to the seller. It wouldn't be a good business
proposition any other way. For the Union man to buy
Clothes that are not made by Union labor is not good business. He is not living up to the principle whieh ho advocates, lie is uot keoping faith with his fellow Union men.
We have made a careful investigation and find that there
is real quality aud real value in these Union-made Clothes,
Wc ean absolutely guarantee them to yon, or any other
man. Consequently, non-Union -or Union Clothes being
equal—wc think it is good business for you as a Union
man to buy Union-made Clothes. Wc would like you to
see thc wonderful selection of Union-made ^ ja gjj
Suits at ip40
$40, $50, $60 to $75
The Home of
Canada's Largest Exclusive Store for Men and Boys. This Is the
only Sloro in Vancouver that sells Union-mnde Clothes.
Democrat Polls Big Primary Vote
With a Nen- Kind of
■WASHINGTON—"Woodrow Wllion should be In prison und Eugene
Debs in thc White House!"
With these emphatic words at;
his slogan, Thomas E. Watson went
through the Democratic presidential    primalres    of    Georgia    nnd
emerged with a popular vote larger
by several thousand than was received by Attorney-General Palmer
or by United States Senator Hoke
If a message was received from
Mars, and an expression of opinion
as to how we manage things, was
given, a bolsheviki would look like
a really true profiteering patriot,
in comparison to the sender of the
Our New Spring
Are Just Opened Up
Ranging from
Men's   double   knee   and
sealed Overalls, at..*3.50
Men's Work   Boots  from
$4.00 to $10,011
Men's   Pine   Boots,   $5.00
to $15.00
Men's  Tweed   Suits  from
Serge Suits from $30.00
W. B. Brnmmitt
18-20   CORDOVA  ST.  AV.
444 MAIN ST.
Australian Workers Try
New Ways of Getting
What They Want
[By \\, Francis Ahern]
Syd hey, N. H. W.-—Kigns a re
not wanting that (hero in a change
being made in the method of con-
dueling strikes in Australia. The
old method of guttling work, nuar-
relliug with ihe boss, and sitting
down und getting hungry until
either tho boss gives in or hunger
drives thc men back to work, does
not appeal to the new thinkers in
tho industrial movement in the An-,
There is a tendency to adopt the
scientific strike, the strike on the
At tho time of writing, several
unions are already carrying ont
this mothod, and there is no doubt
but that it will be largely availed
of, especially by the strong organizations, in the near future.
What the unions are doing now
may he exampted by thp action of
the Amalgamated Society of Engineers—a very powerful organization in Australia, with 100 per cent,
Tnwurds the end of the year,
they gave their employers notice
lhat, starting with January 1st,
they would only work for $32.31:
per week of 44 hours, eliminating
the Saturday morning shift. They
never sent along any requests for a
conference to talk the matter over,
as used to be done tn the old days.
They simply laid down their terms
and conditions of work, and left it
at lhat—much in the same way as
the profiteer increases the prices of
his commodities without consulting
the consumers.
The men are not going to strike,
but are working Just the same.
First they ceased working overtime,
giving their employers notice that
from a certain date they would not
work overtime. Now they will
cease to work the Saturday morning shift, and as lhe employers can
not get engineers outside the union
for work, they will simply have to
give in to the men, as they will
have to do also on the wage question.
Altogether the new scheme opens
up big possibilities, and is certain
to play a big part in the future of
industrial unionism In Australia.
Quality Clothes
Within Your Reach
The woll-di'csficd man or woman always coin-
main.* wi**-!. Our metltods plw?f qualify clothe*
within your reach—just ft small deposit—tube tlio
garment you desire and pay the balance on easy
We baie just rewired ft flue new shipment of
they're the vogue lhi. irasnn—Anil milady wtll do well
lo Kee tliwe. Our men', depnrtmont, loo. i„ now in its full
spring tnd summer Ihowltig witb thehe new, nifty model,
—also It foil line uf boy.' .nil., nir!.' dresm's, Indies'
suil.. dresses, shirts or sweaters, at really astonishing
■    PAY
Opposite Province Onlce
Phone Hey. 1301
Pliulrlrcrs und Wouilcn Brlilse.
men—Every Sfoilllaj-,
Laundry Workers—Evory second
anil fourth Tuesdny.
Trades und I*abnr Council—Every
first and 'lltlid Wednesday,
General Workora' I'nlt—Evory
second anil fourth Wednesday.
(las Wurkrs' Unit—Every second
alul fourth Wednesday.
Marine Firemen — Every (lrsi
and Ihlrd Wednesdays.
All units meet In Pender Hall.
Pender Street West.
Geneva, Switzerland—Tlie promotion of trade relations between
the co-operntlve organizations of
the various countries, particularly
Russia, is the chief matter being
considered at the central committee of the International Co-operative Alliance, now meeting bere.
Delegates from thc chief European
countries, Including Germany and
Austria, arc present. The Alliance
Is u body established to study anil
promote co-i,iterative movements,
ond to provide a clearing hntise for
Information and the establishment
of relations between various socle-
Subscription Price Rub-al
Owing to the price or pais-*- having taken a jump to the extent or
four ctuits |>er pound, tlte siibwr^i-
tkin price or the I'cdcrallnuM trill
be raised to $2.SO per year on and
after Mny the 71b. The subscription price to suhst Miters lu the
United States will be $3,110 per year.
Those renewing their subscriptions
are nsked to bew lids ln mind anil
send along thc right subscription
Pais the Federationist along sH
bain stat new subscriber*.
Industrial 'Expert' Makes
but    a   Poor
Throws  Aside  Socialism
and Adopts thc Ten
Bolshevism-Is simply "the 20th
century nickname for Socialism,"
according to Mr. Peter W. Collins;
it is eimply "Socialism in action."
Karl Marx was the father of Bolshevism, according- to the samo
authority, speaking In the Dominion Hall on Wednesday night.
Peter W. is an "industrial expert" from across the line. That
stems lo be the fancy Latin expression for "Labor fakir;" at
leaflt, if there is any difference,
Peter W. didn't have time to show
whore Jt lay. He let it be understood that he had bcen labor-faking—that is, industrial experting—
for quite a few years in tho laud
of the Free to the south of the
49th parallel; while doing so, he
had enjoyed the favors of the A.
F, of h. and the United States government in turn, and now he was
louring under the aegis of t he
Knights of Columbus. His mont
distinguished achievement. appeared to huve been in functioning as
an "expert witness" for the benefit
of that august assembly at Albany,
N, Y.( which recently refused to be
contaminated by association with
live Socialists who had been thereto elected by the common people.
He says it was "a unique experience."
As a working man, "understanding Iheir hopes and aspirations,"
he was now out to translate the
Marxian doctrine into a language
they could understand. Marx and
Co. naturally had covered up their
sinister Intent wtth phrases which
meant nothing to working people in
g-cileral, although the meaning was
perfectly clear to the superior intelligence of the speaker himself.
They couldn't foo] Peter W.■' yuu
bet! As for "the language Of the
soap box," its buainess was merely to produce class bitterness and
"illegitimate discontent," so aa to
"bring about tho  revolution."
For instance, "the materialistic
conception of history" was just
"three big words sounding very
nice to* the ear," but having no
meaning whatever for the ordinary
working man. To dispel this ignorance, the speaker explained that
the phrase was really "a denial of
Look for the Red Front
Sey. 3481 Sey. 8226
The Market that saves
you money and a place
that you can do your
shopping with the greatest confidence.
Our aim is to please
you, and you are always
welcome, no matter if you
buy or not.
any force in .society outside of »co-
nomic conditions—a denial of a
creator or Supreme Being—a denial of God."    (Hear, hear.)
Bolshevism was not the answer
to the question of what wa* wrong
with the world; it did not, and
could not, come from the working
people, "because the working people are inherently and deeply spir-
ilual."    (Laughter.)
ln the constitution of "Rusher,"
he said, the word wasn't mentioned
once. However, be made no bones
about lamping Communism, opportunism, Syndicalism, industrialism,
.Socialism, etc., ail together with
Bolshevism, as "allee same thing."
He was only anxious to make it
clear lhat Marx, Liebknecht, Lassalle, Blatchford and the rest were
merely "intellectuals," and that not
a single one of them had "anything In common with the working
Even the basis of "economic determinism" had been discarded by
them, "because labor alone is not
the success of all wealth," he said.
After gently rebuking a ripple of
laughter, he went on to explain
that the "sources of wealth and
culture" include such things as
land, capital, invention, Ingenuity
and management, though, of course
"primarily labor." The attempt to
represent Socialism as an economic
movement was, he pointed out,
merely a part of the plan to fool
the worker and get him interested
because the poor boob after all,
knew that "economic has something to do with his calling aa a
working man."
The theory of the elass struggle
wos equally fallacious, with its doe-
trine of bltternes* between employees and employed. "There is.
no such thing inherently in the
heart of the working man for thc
man who employs him," he said.
He divided the blame for the "manufactured class struggle" between
the "soap box orators" and the
"dividend grinders" impartially.
The dictatorship of the proletariat, he explained, waa simply thc
Iron-handed "despotism of the
working people," then he Baid tbe
dictatorship of the proletariat in
Russia was "not a dictatorship of
the working people—for 83 pet-
cent, of the people are peasants."
At this there was a loud hurst of
laughter, although the crowd was
evidently trying to be "good," in
spite of everything.
Coming to the question of how
the world came into being, the explanation that "Ood" did it was
the true one, he confided. A little
amusement at his cocksur.eness
drew forth another gentle protest,
and he went on to explain that
there "must, be a cause for everything." Of course he overlooked
thc fact, os usual, that his "cause"
would also require a cnuse, and so
on. ad Infinitum. As to the material conception ut history, he asked
scornfully. "Oo you think that doctrine would inspire to groat
things?" Then he went'on to claim
all the grent scientists of the past
as religious men; he even had the
gall to include such men as Galileo,
not mentioning, of course, the playful way Mother Church once had of
gouulnfJ «nt the eyes of any whose
science was not made to square
with the requirements of the true
religion or otherwise submitting
them to "salutary correction."
Whatever Peter W.'s object really Is in -his present campaign, his
apparent purpose is to discredit
Socialism as the enemy of thc "ten
commandments of God," by holding to which the world can nlone be
saved. The "great principle of
Jesus Christ—that labor Is worthy
of Its hire," backed by the great
principle, of Pope Leo XIII. "the
great principle of the living wage,"
will suflice to make everything in
the garden lovely. There is no need
lo 1011 the body politic in order to
cure tbe disease.
By the way, Peter W., do you
think it's quite playing the game
on thc level, to advertise your prattle as a lecture on "Bolshevism,
the Red Menace?" Somebody tried
tbat kind of trick with a fake film
called "Bolshevism on Trial," somo
months ago, and it didn't answer.
Take the hint, Peter W.
Bill Lloyd remarked the other
day, as he pulled on his overalls:
"The folks that are a-say ing ail
this unrest is cocked up with Russian money, otto, remember that
the papers say Russia is too poor
under the Bolsheviki to have any
money, nnd that AVHson says the
unrest is all because the old planet
is a-havlng heart trouble over the
lack of a Lug of Nations."
$40 and up
Thos. Foster & Co* Ltd.
514 GranvUle Street
Peace Treaties Bill Gives
Power to Perpetuate
The Peace Treaties Bill, recently
passed by the New Zealand government, gives that country control over the people of Western
Samoa, in the South Pacific ocean
(recently captured from Germany)
under the League of Nations plan.
To say the least, the scheme, which
is the usual bill empowering "indentured labor," abrogates every
principle of demacracy and self-
determination by the people, nor
were the people of New Zealand
even given the right to say under
what conditions the Samoons would
be governed—that being loft to the
handful of persons constituting the
From an admission made by the
prime minister of New Zealand, it
is admitted that it is proposed to
continue the old system of indentured labor, Chinese, coolie, or any
other cheap colored labor, in Samoa. The New Zealand Labor
Party denounced the scheme in an
uncompromising manner, but all to
no purpose. The Labor men claimed that Indentured iabor, however
it was named, or wherever it was
administered, was slavery, and it
was neither just nor right to perpetuate the evil under the British
flag. More than that, it was an insult to the dead soldiers who believed they gave their lives that
humanity might be released from
the chains of slavery.
It is well known, under German
rule, indentured Chinese coolies,
and other cheap labor, was employed in Samoa, working on contracts of three to five years, though
the terms of servitude were often
extended by means of labor "penalties." So abused was thia system
that often the indentured wretches
took to thc bush, where they lived
In hiding until hunted down and
It was thought that when German Samoa fell into tho hands of
the New Zealand government during the war, lhat slavery would be
abolished, and all slavos set free.
The. people believed It and the
slaves expected it. Alas, for tho
faith reposed in tho word of militarists and anti-Labor governments.
Instead of wiping out the slavery,
the Now Zealand government lost
no lime in perpetuating it for the
greater proflt of the capitalists.
When the bill was before the
New Zealand parliament, members
were not permitted to discuss, in
the form of a bill, the proposed
laws for the governing of Samoa,
and the bill passed without division
—the only men voting against it
'being the Labor members of parliament, 10 In nil The Labor Party
did try lo block the hill by moving
an amendment expressly forbidding the employment of Indentured
labor in Samoa, but this was defeated, members of the New Zea-'
land government contending that
though indentured slavery may be
slavery under some flags, lt was
never slavery under lhe British
flag. And' with this hypocritical
statement, the anti-Labor members
of the New Zealand government
pussed the hill giving it power to
bind tho natives of Samoa in slavery for generations to come.
Word wns received by The Fed**
eriulontet on Thursday to the elfci't
that PritWiard and Iris follow prisoners wore removed to the prison
Our advertisers support the Federatlonist. It ls up to you to support them.
Black Scourge Is
Now Ravaging Europe
(Continued from page 1)
Two Shoe Values
that cannot be
Fine quality Shoes is a smart Beaver Brown
Calf  $8.00
Blaek CaU $7.50
A man's taste—a man's satisfaction—that cannot be obtained under several dollars more elsewhere. Every shape
and style that thc season has brought forth for men who
like distinctive footwear.
Representing the high standard we maintain in exclusive
Men's footwear, this store is the sole agency for the
Cornett Bros. & Clarke, Ltd.
number) for the use af these black
troops, to pay for their up-kcep,
and provide fuel to heat them. At
Saarbruckcn, it seems, the cost to
the town of these brothels is no
less than 70,000 marks. It is reported to me that the mayor of a
certain town (I do not here name
it for obvious reasons) was told
that his hesitation In complying
with demands for this purpose was
rendering him liable lo court martial; it was impressed upon him
that euch houses were "specially
necessary" for blaek troops, and if
not providod German women and
girls, "and boys" would pay the
All this Is merely the fringe. As
one correspondent puts it:
"Some of tho most awful things
never become publicly known—thc
assaults by negro soldiers on ladies
who could not face publicity, and
have committed suicide . . .
things are such that strangers
would consider them pure inventions, whether told or printed."
Main Issue* Involved
I should like to emphasize some
of the main issues involved. The
results of Installing black barbarians among European communities
nre inevitable, and are known to be
inevitable by those responsible for
doing so. Thc abundance or otherwise of specific reports Is immaterial. The African race is .the mpSt
developed sexually, of any.... These,
levies are reoruited from tribes in a
primitive state of development.
They have not, of "course; their
women with them. Sexually they
are unrestrained and unrest rain-
able.   That Is perfectly will known.
Strict discipline is unite impossible; moreover thc men caunot be
confined to barracks.
. The economic poverty in which
the treaty plunges the working and
middle classes in Germany la an incentive to prostitution.' If Is all
part of a pre-detcrmined policy.
The men who are doing this know
what they are doing, and why they
are doing it. What inextinguishable fires of hatred are being accumulated upon the head of the
French people—innocent—aa a
poople—for these things—lhe  fu
ture will only too clearly show. -
a distinguished soldier said to i
the other day: "Were I a Germa
I would forgive everything. B
Part of a Policy
Let me insist thut this black ou
rage is part of a policy. Thai poll'
is laid down in thc peace treaty-
naked and unashamed: To rul
enslave, degrade, dismember, r
duce to the lowest depths of de
pair and humiliation n whole pe<
pie. We arc parties to tbat polh
against our better instincts, again
our obvious interests.
Upon a more ruthless Franc
the dirtiest of tho work involve
Her militarists enjoy it. But In tl
main policy, of which this is tl
most striking symbol, we are par
ners. Our people tolerate II, par
ly because they do not understan
partly becauso they hnve bet
taught to believe that tlie rulers ■
Germany were alone responslb
for thc hell let loose In the wori
—which is a He; but were It tl
truth, it would not justify the to:
ture of the Oerman people.
A Terrific Portent
And then—Ihis. Five yenrs -
carnage, of the negation of all lai
divine and human, of polsonoi
preaching from 10,000 pulpits, i
the deadly familiarity of casual
lists and wholosalo and retail ma
yacre—these things have blunt*
'tis all.' Tint Is We're no limit to ot
complacency? For thc work ini
classes, the. Imporlutlon of negi
mercenaries by the hundred thoi
sand, from tlte, heart of Africa, i
light tin; buttles and execute i\
lusts of capitalist governments I
the heart of Europe is, as I bo\
said ..elsewhere,, a terrific porten
The workers, alike in Brital:
France and Italy will bc tll-a*vl«
if they allow It to pass In silent
because todny the vlctima happc
to ba Germans.
Finally, Is -there no obltgatlo
laid upon womanhood as such, 1
ft matter of this kind which goi
to the very root of any decent li
stinct the war may have left all*
among the white peoples of th
today, 18 months after the war is
They havo employed them to
massacre Russian peasants. They
have planted them In Turkey and
Bulgaria. (They have masses of
them in Syria, too.) But It is in
tho Palatinate that they have'employed them on the largest scale:—
to the number, I understand, of
between 30,000 and 40,000.
There they have become a terror
and a horror unimaginable to thc
countryside, raping women and
girls—for well known physiological
reasons, the raping of a white woman by a negro is nearly always
accompanied by serious Injury, and
not infrequently haa fatal results;
spreading syphlllls, murdering inoffensive civilians, often getting
completely out of control; the terrible barbaric incarnation of a barbarous policy, embodied in a so-
colled peace treaty which puts back
the clock 2000 yoars,
Hospitals Crowded
One may road the following passage In on article in last week's
Clarte, (Paria):
"Apart from the barely restrain-
able bestiality of the black troops,
spyhillis is making terrible ravages
where they are .stationed. Many
dangerously contaminated prostitutes have been sent from France
to Wiesbaden nnd Mayence, Main.;.
The hospitals no longer suffice,
Large buildings have heen requisitioned for the patiepts (men and
women). Many young Germnn
girls of barely more than 14 or 15
years old—nre admitted into these
hospitals. The latter sell themselves because 20 francs aro worth
150 marks, and 50 francs 400
And this Is only one side of the
canvas. I have before mo a num-
.ber of depositions from relatives,
victims, doctors, lawyers, of cases
of rape—some of them of an atrocious character—of parties of
young girls returning from labor
in the fields waylaid, and humble
working women seized ih tne
streets nftor durk; reports of the
continual and Increasing disappearance of young girls from the towns
and villages of'the Saar Valley, of
dead bodies of young women discovered under manure heaps nnd
so on,
Brothels for Blacks
From Mainz, Erne, Vrtesbaden,
Ludwlgshnfen come advices that
the local town councils must provide molsons toleres (in increasing
—A Sale for Men—
All reductions are as stated—taken from
Jonah-Prat Co.'s original price tickets.
The savings are real. .
Group 1
Made up of lien's and Young Men's Suits that sold regularly from $27.50 to $35.00—most of them arc $30.00.
Good fabrics, good styles, good colors; $01 ttt\
choice of the lot •*?*-, l.OU
Group 2
This is the largest group in the stock.
Consists of every kind of material, in
good staple colors. Wc must say that
at the regular priees these cloths are
very low. There isn't a suit marked
$40.00 tliat is not really worth more
than that today. Business men's models
predominate. None less than $40; none
over $45. In this whole lot there arc
not over half a dozen suits that arc not
good selling colors.
17 Doz Overalls, $2.35
Carhartt's Great West, Bulldog, Twin Bute, Great
Mogul; 17 dozen pairs; in all An ni'
sizes; stripes or pluin. Choice ipfci.OO
Union Overalls or Boiler
Suits, per suit	
Wc may as well be frank; these arc not first grade goods
—they arc. good value at these prices. Splendid pants for
a man to wear to work; but don't expect to find all-wool
stuff, because they arc not. ftQ ttH
40 pairs at            «pO.OO
125 Pairs that some, stores
sell at $8.00,.for ! „'..'.	
_, $4.35
Successor to Jonah-Prat Co.
Cor. Hastings and Homer Sts.


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