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The British Columbia Federationist Sep 30, 1921

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 THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDU STBIAfr UNITY:   STRENGTH
THIRTEENTH YEAR.   No. 38.
FOUR PAGES
OFFICIAL PAPEB:   VANCOUVEB TBADBS AND LABOB COUNCIL.	
VANCOUVER, B. C., FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 30, 1921
POLITICAL UNITT:  VICTO-tt
$2.60 PER YEAR
1 MOVING
TO LEFT
"Leaders" Are Conforming to Demands of
Rank and File
Government Staggers
Under Load and Fears
the Future
Judging (rom press reports, the
workers of the British Isles are be-
' coming mors nnd mora loath to
I otarve to death; while the politicians plan and scheme for further
i conflicts and the employing olass
' Meks to consolidate Its position.
While statements to the effect
that the United States ls worse off
than is Qreat Britain might have
' At one time appeased the unemployed, they will not so so ln these
days, when the people recognize
that having given their all In the
Winning of a war to make it a land
p flt for heroes to live in, the condl'
tlons are worse than ever.
While the average person on
' this continent may not realize lt, a
remarkable change haB come over
the workers of the Old Land. In
bo place has this change been more
marked than in the ranks of officialdom of the trades union movement, and it was very evident at
the recent Trades Union Congress,
that the reactionaries, such as
Thomas and Clynes, had their ears
| to the ground and had heard the
, rumblings of discontent which are
i to be heard every day in British
■ Labor organisation!.
Tom  Shaw,   M.   P.,   and  J.  R.
\ Clynes, sane and safe Labor lead*
, are reported in the Labor
Leader to have taken a position at
the recent congress, similar to that
taken by the more progressive ele-
i nent ln 1914. The Labor Leader
In this connection has this to say:
"The principles that the I. L, P.
atood for during the war are now
endorsed by people who opposed
them then and that fact is significant in itself. The mentality of
the Labor movement today, as exposed in the utterances of leaders
ofthe trade union movement at the
CongresB, ls very different from
that of 1914."
Even J. H. Thomas, and that
vaudeville stage comic opera Labor
leader, Ben Tillett, are becoming
"more radical" and lt is evident
that in the near future that there
will be even a more determined effort on the part of the rank and
flle of the workere to control their
organizations, and if conditions do
not Improve, or if they become
(Continued on page 4)
I
SOVIET RUSSIA
\ Commission Gives Reason
Why Relief Committee
Was Disbanded
(By the Federated Press)
Moscow—The extraordinary com-
llaisslon for combatting counter-re-
I volution has issued a statement
I giving the evidence on which the
I all-Russian Non-partizan Famine
[Relief committee wus ordered dis-
I banded,    On the relief committee
■ were men who had been under ar-
Irest previously for counter-revolu-
itlonary activity and who immedi-
I ately began plotting to use the fa-
| nine and their new position to pro-
[mote foreign intervention, as re-
[ ports to the extraordinary commis-
[■lon soon showed.
"All this evidence," declares the
Lcommis-iiun, "caused the extraordinary commission to conduct a se-
I ries of raids and arrests among the
[committee members and their as-
| cociates, which furnished abundant
[ material corroborating the data al-
| ready in the hands of the extraordinary commission. Thus a note
I outlining a detailed scheme for the
I political reorganization of Russia
[under a supreme ruler with provin-
Iclal regional and parochial dumns
land governors, etc. Upon another
I member of the committee was
I found a document arguing for a
■ strong single national power repudiating the federative principle,
[limiting provincial autonomy, and
Iwglng absolute dictatorial power
[from above. "Investigation Is be-
llng continued to establish the in-
Idivldual role and guilt of the ar-
Irested committee members and em-
I ployees who abused the privileges
■granted to the committee for the
■purpose of carrying on an active
■political struggle againat*the gov-
lornment of toiling Russia."
IB
OF
Economic Penetration of
China as Dangerous as
Military Activities
Japanese Hysterical, as
Were Germans Before
the Great War
(By the Federated Press)
London.—Serious danger of war
between the United States and
Japan, unless an immediate agreement on Pacific disputes is reached, is imminent, according tp Bertram! RusboII, English philosopher
and political observer, who has returned to England after almost a
year in China and Japan.
If war should come, however, it
might prove a great beneflt to the
established or struggling Socialist
regimes in Russia, Siberia and
South China, Russell added, because lt would keep the capitalist
enemies of these countries busy
fighting among themselves instead
of attacking the SociaUst nations.
The economic penetration by
America and Britain into China, he
stated, is as menacing as the Japanese military penetration, and he
added that America is penetrating
intellectually as well, by the control of large educational institutions: "A method better adapted
to modern needs and more Insidious, but equally fatal to real
independence ln the long run,"
"I do not think we ••ealize how-
hostile to us British the Americans
are," remarked Russell. "The Japanese alliance and our treatment
of Ireland have been the two outstanding causes of that hostility.
The Americans are anxious to develop their trade in China, and are
constantly up against the Japanese.
Many Americans would like to
'have a go' at the Japanese, and
it annoys them to flnd us in the
way."
Russell emphasized that unless
an agreement be reached the
danger of war ls great, because the
Americans are building a big navy,
are transferring it to the Pacific,
and are establishing powerful Pacific wireless stations. All these
are war measures. The control of
Yap, he explained, would be of no
importance unless America and
Japan were contemplating war.
Russell found the Japanese In a
very hysterical und neurotic state,
similar to that of the Germans before the war. At the same time,
ho strongly emphasized the point
that an agreement between Japan,
America and Britain might be very
disadvantageous to China, Siberia
—and Russia.
Siberia and Russia have already
broken with capitalism, said Rus.
sell. "Every Intelligent man I met
In China said, 'We must develop
our industries without introducing
capitulism. But no country, Russell says, "will be permitted to develop industry on a noti-cupitalistlc
basis unless it slips throught whilst
the great powers are. disagreeing
among themselves.
"Therefore, whether we like it
or not, everything which tends to
peace between lhe great powers is
harmful to the progress of Social
ism In the undeveloped countries/
FED. ADJOURNED
City Prosecutor Requests
That Pamphlet Be
Not Sold
On Monday morning, in the police court, Mr. I. I. Rubinowitz,
counsel tor The Federationist, and
A. 8. Wells, editor, charged with
unlawfully offering for sale a pamphlet in which lt is alleged ls advocated the use, without the authority of law, of force, violence,
terrorism or injury to person or
property as a means of accomplishing a governmental change," asked for an adjournment.
The city prosecutor assented to
the request, and also agreed to a
further adjournment from Monday,
Oct. 3, until Monday, the 10th, on
the understanding that the pamphlet In question, "Left Wing Communism"—An Infantile Disorder,
by N. Lenln, would not be offered
for sale or advertised. Counsel for
tha defense agreed to the terms,
and Magistrate Shaw granted the
adjournment.
Try your neighbor for a subscription.
>llltl'ltllMIINI Si SnS'»i|nS,i|"l | | |ii,ii|i , |..|_|"I"I"I"S".nS"I"S"S"I"S"S Si
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
804 PENDER STREET  WEBT
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Detormination League.
MONDAY—Pile Drivers.
TUESDAY—Workers' Couneil.
THURSDAY—Plasterers' Helpers.
SATURDAY—Dance, 9 to 12. -
I'l lis
We Are Under Fire.   Money is Most
Urgently Needed for the Defense of
the Federationist i Will You Help ?
'T'HE authorities have seen fit to take proceedings
* against the B. 0. Federationist, and the managing editor, under Section 97B of Chapter 46 of the Criminal
Code.  The section reads in part as follows: ■
"97B  (1)  Any person who prints, publishes,
edits, issues, circulates, sells, or offers for sale or
distribution any book, newspaper, periodical,
pamphlet, picture, paper, circular, card, letter,
writing, print, publication or document of any
kind, in which is taught advocated, advised or
defended, or who shall in any manner teach, advocate, or advise or defend the use without authority of law, of force, violence, terrorism, or
physical injury to person or property, or threats
of such injury, as a means of accomplishing any
governmental, industrial or economic ohange, or
otherwise, shall be guilty of an offence and liable
to imprisonment for not   more   than   twenty
years."
— SISSIISII SiiSmSiiSiiIiiS S .'I'Ins I S S S imnS'S Lull I Sll |i.m|"S"S Uni s I S il
The alleged breach of the tew was the offering for sale
el "Left Wing Communism (an Infantile Disorder)," hy
V. Lenin, a pamphlet which tha head of the Russian Gov-
eminent wrote some considerable time ago.
. Readers of the Federationist will realize that it is im-
possible for the company to stand the expense of defend,
ing these cases. Money must come from somewhere.
I There is only one source that we can think of, and that is
the workers. Realising the importance of the case, and
the necessity of defense, we can only appeal to our readers and members of the working class for the necessary
finances to obtain legal assistance. We therefore appeal
to our readers and working-class organisations throughout the cuntry to do all that is possible to raise the money
so badly needed at tbis time. Send what you can, send
all you can. All contributions, unless otherwise requested,
yrill be acknowledged through the columns of the Federa.
TO BE PROBED
Labor   Officials   Expect
Some  Startling
Revelations
(By Laurence Todd)
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington—Decision by Attorney General Daugherty to begin a
nation-wide Investigation of the
ltiwless acts of the Ku Klux Klan
ls hailed with satisfaction in the
capital, both because the growth
of the terrorist organization has
boon embarrassing to many politicians having Catholic, Jewish, Labor or colored constituents, and because It is realized that the dissolution of the Klan will be an achievement for which any one not a
member of the order can easily
claim credit.
But on second thought, the intelligent political bosses are not
quite sure that Daugherty ls acting with his usual caution. He
seems to have given William J.
Burns, his chief of the secret service, full power to get the evidence
against the Ku Klux. It happens
lhat Burns went to Georgia, some
years ago, "to gather evidence to
provo that Leo Frank was innocent
of Lhe murder of which he had
been convicted. Burns gave out an
interview in which he asserted
Frank's innocence, and promised to
name the guilty man.- He was
caught by a mob near Atlanta, according, to reports at the time, and
wan roughly handled before he was
finally resoued, and spirited out of
the region. BurnB has not forgotten his personal experience of
Klanly chivalry and "obedience lo
tho constitution." His day has
come,' and he mny be expected to
display as eifective as zeal as ho
did ln the Oregon land fraud cases
and ln the municipal graft scandal
in Sari Francisco.
Labor officials are interested in
Burns' investigation becauso they
anticipate that it will show that the
organizers for this huge fraud have
played upon thc selfish passions of
business men, police officers and
professional men for warfare
against the organized Labor movement and all radical groups. They
believe that the trial will lead the
department of Justice to the doors
of most of tho"Influential organizations of gunmen and union-baiters
in tho south ,the middle west and
the east, Klan organizers appear
to have been looking for easy
money in the form of membership
fees, and hence thoy were antiunion in Georgia and Texas, antl-
Nonpartlzan Lengue in Wisconsin
and Iowa, anti-Soclnlist in other
sections, and anti-Jewish or anti-
Catholic where thnt special prejudice was the safest tool for their
work.
Whether the facts disclosed to
the department of Justice by Burns'
men in the next few weeks will
ever be made public, is not certain.
The inquiry may turn a disconcerting spotlight upon too many 100
per cent, anti-union employers, officials of commercial bodies and
prominent citizens generally. Until the recent publicity drive, inspired by the murder of a Catholic
priest in Birmingham, and by the
arrogant claims of the chief promoters of the terror, the Klan
seemed to afford to cowardly employers an excellent cover behind
which to strike at progressive men
measures.     Many   of   these
and
cowards art now trapped. They
will move heaven and earth to
avoid exposure at the hands of the
United States secret service.
■ Des Moolnes, Ia.—The Rev. Otis
I* Spurgeon, formerly King Kle-
ngle of tho Ku Klux Klan of Minnesota, plans to bring legal uction
'igalnst the Imperial wizard of the
Klan and his co-klansmen for services rendered. Tho pastor alleges
that he was ousted as King Kleaglo
without any offer of reimbursement
for tho organization work he had
done*.
Hunger in Cored
Izwestlja reports: As a result of
a long drouth there is a bad harvest in Corea this year. Three
million people are suffering from
h under.
F.LP.
Many Campaign Meetings
Are  Now  Being   i
Arranged
"Communism and Christfanism"
was the theme of Dr. Curry's talk
on Sunday at the F. L. P. hall. He
pointed out that the objective of
the early Christians was a Communistic society, a life to be enjoyed on earth during life. This
Idea had been perverted by their
masters to a life after death; a
home ln the skies, and the greater
the misery suffered on earth the
greater the reward in heaven. Thia
Idea has been sufficient to hide
from the worker the real cause of
their misery up to the present time.
But the development of the
forces of produtcion is compelling,
tho enslaved workers to take note
of the fact, that if human society
Is to continue, the means of life
must be owneu and controlled by
society as a whole.
The speaker for next Sunday
will be Tom Richardson, the candidate of the party for Vancouver
South.
On Saturday, Oct. 8, a whist
drive and dance will be held in the
I. O. O. F. hall, Sixth and Main, in
aid of the Russian famine sufferers. It Is up to the workers to turn
out and make this dance a financial success.
W. Ivens, M. L. A., Winnipeg,
will speak at Kerrlsdalo Hall on
Thursday, Oct. 6. Subject, "Labor
in the New Era." Meetings in favor of R. P. Pettipiece ns F. L. P.
candidate for New Westminster,
commencing at Ladner, Monday,
Oct. 8; Cloverdale, Oct. 4; Langley,
Oct. 6; speaker, W. Ivens, R. H.
Neelands, T. Richardson and R. P.
Pettipiece.
!
Unemployment Proposals
of Economic Council
to Be Discussed
i .The regular meeting of the
Council of Workers was held in the
Pender Hall on Tuesday evening.
There was a good turnout of delegates. The Russian Famine Relief
committee reported that money
was coming in, but that much more
was needed.
It was reported that the O. B.
U. Trades and Labor Council had
arranged for a mass meeting, to be
held on Sunday, Oct. 1, in the Pender Hall, for the. purpose of discussing the proposals of the Economic Council in connection with the
unemployed situation, the proposal
for, the. payment of a wage of 30c
per hour being objected to, this being considered as a cutting of the
standard of living to the extent of
nearly 60 per cent. The council
was asked to endorse the meeting,
and the request was granted, and
delegates appointed to attend it.
The secretary was instructed to' terest and dividends   reached   the
T. O'CONNOR AI
THE COLUMBIA
Candidate for Vancouver
Centre to Speak for
S. P. of C.
The flrst meeting of the Dominion election campaign In the Interests of the Socialist Party of
Canada, was held last Sunday
night at the Columbia theatre,
J. D. Harrington, who is the candidato for the Burrard constituency, was the speaker of the evening, and although the weather was
very unfavorable, a good sized audience was present. The address
throughout was interesting and instructive, being marked by an entire absence of mud-slinging and
ranting villiflcatlon, which is usually associated with the 'election
propaganda of the orthodox political groups. The social arrangement
of the present day, and the peculiar
phenomena resulting from it was
explained in masterly style; and the
Idealogy of the bewildered wage-
plug in face of a Federal election
waa set forth truthfully and without any attempt at the humorous,
The applauso and laughter that
greeted this charatcer sketch * of
themselves wns good to. hear, and
there is no doubt that a number
of formor easy victims of the professional apologists of capital, received a sovere mental Jolting. The
speaker concluded by Informing his
hearers that lf they wanted to He
him contest this election, the flne
of (200 must be paid by them, and
if ho was elected, all thut he could
promise them was an extension of
the propaganda of Scientific Socialism to those places which cannot
be reached at the present time.
Next week, T. O'Connor, tho candidate ln Vancouver Centre, will be
the speaker at tho Columbia, and a
good moeting is nssured.
Tho campaign committee Is now
ready to receive subscriptions ln
money und any offers of assistance
from workers who reside in the
different constituencies. Volunteers
aro expected and badly needed.
The central office of the committee, during the campaign will be
headquarters, 401 Pender itreet
east.   Phone Highland 2583,
request Dr. W. J. Curry to give a
lantern lecture on Russia in aid of
the famine victims. The date was
left to Dr. Curry.
The recent proceedings byTne
authorities against The Federationist were discussed, and it was decided to hold a whist drive and
dance for the purpose of raising
funds for the defense. This social
fnuction will be held in the Pender
Hat] on Wednesday; Oct. 19. Whist
will bo from 8 to 10, and dancing
from 9 to 12, Tickets can be obtained from any of the delegates,
or at Pender Hall, and Tho Federatlonist ofllce.
flood Meeting at Nanaimo
—Committees Are
Appointed
W, A. Pritchard opened his campaign In the Nanalmo Riding last
Sunday by holding a meeting in
the Dominion Hull, Nanaimo. In
spito of the stormy weather thore
was a splendid turnout of workers
interested in working-class problems to hear them examined and
elucidated by a member of the class
to which they belong.
•* In his usuat forceful style Pritohard pointed out the need for education among the workers and
Why the election should be fought,
and, If possible, a working-class
candidate elected. In his address
he poltned out that the the capitalistic press had stated that the
Issue in this election was thc same
as it was In 1911. This statement,
he said, wus made- ln face of- the
many happenings since that time,
but he was willing to agree with it,
Thc issue was the samo as far aa
the workers wero concerned. It
was a-question of the working class
aB against the ruling class.
At the close of the meeting, a
general campaign committee was
appointed. Sub-committees for the
raising of funds, the getting of
names on the voters' lists and other
campaign work, were also appointed.
Workers in the southern end of
the constituency, wishing to help ln
the election, should communlcnte
with Sam Guthrie, Ladysmlth,
B. C„ or with W,' Newton, 235
Irwin Street, Nanalmo, B. C.
Danco Saturday
Don't forget tho dance-on Saturday night in tlie Pender Hall,
corner of Pender uud Howe streets,
Good music, a fino floor and every
accommodation. Admission, gents
50c., ladies 26c,
Hand your neighbor this copy of
Tho Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription,
El
"Hard   Times"   Provide
Substantial Increases
in Profits
By Scott Nearing
(Federated Press Staff Writer)
The United States Department of
Commerce has just Issued a report
dealing with the payments of interest and dividends by the leading
industries of the country. The
figures in this report show that the
payments to property holders have
been steadily increasing, even during the year 1920—a year of wage
cuts and widespread unemployment.
During 1917 the payments of interest and dividends averaged
$148,000,000 per month. .The figures for the next year were about
the same. In 1915, however, interest and dividend payments began to mount. For 1916 they were
1177,000,000;   for   1917,   $199,000-
,000; for 1918,    $252,000,000;    forkorm the present mind ofthe Aiis-
1919, $265,000,000 ancLfor 1920 the
average monthly payments of  in
Imposing total of $284,000,000 per
month (in the neighborhood of
three and a half billions per year).
The present period of "hard
times" set in during June, 1920,
yet In January, 1921, the total interest and dividend payments
amounted to $389,000,000. Aside
from the fact that January is
dividend month, it should be borne
in mind that it was (Hiring January, 1921, that the number of unemployed was variously estimated
at from four to five millions.
Previous periods of business depression have witnessed heavy cuts
in the "profits" taken hy the owners of business. Tho It/sue of great
quantities of stocks und bonds during the pust twenty-five years and
tbe big: surpluses that were tucked
awuy during the period of war
prosperity enable the leading Industries to dismiss their workors
with ono hand, on the plea that
there is no demand for their product, while with the other hand
they puss out hundreds of millions
monthly to the owners of their
properties. There muy be millions
of workers on the streets, but while
the present system of distribution
lasts, the owners will be well looked after.
London, Eng.—The Intematinn-
ul Miners Congress, which should
huve taken place In August, was,
owing to the strike of British comrades, postponed until May, 1922.
In its steud there wns a meeting
of the International executive committeo of tho Federation, ut which
Belgium, Czecho-Slovakla, France,
Germany, Great Brituin und tho
United States were represented.
The Miners International ls to be
moro active in futuro mining disputes, and greater co-ordination is
to be aimed at, so as to fight the
attacks on wages by employers In
all countries. Representatives for
the Novembor congress ln Paris of
the International Federation of
Trade Unions are: Bartucl, France;
Hughes, Great Britain, and Hue,
Germany.
(By the Fedorated Press)
London—The tax war between
the borough of Poplar and the London county council, resulting ln thc
arrest and Jailing of the aldermen
of the Poplar council, has not only
separated husbands and wives from
their families and from each other,
but in three cases hus compelled
tho Imprisoning of the husband ln
one Jail and the wife Jn another.
Three aldermen of Poplar hnve
their wives ns uldcrwomen colleagues. When tbe arreBts wore
mude John Schurr, Edgur Lansbury and G. J. Cressall were confined In Brixton prison, while Julia
Schurr, Minnie Lansbury and Nellie F. Cressall were locked up in
Holloway.
San Frunclseo—Three more locals of the Carpenters Union hnve
given up their chnrters lo tbo International nnd Joined in wltb tlie
Rank und File Federutlon Instead,
This makes u total of five up to
date from thc carpenters alone,
and of over 60 locals ullocether.
Big Programme Will Be
Laid Before the
Workers
Parliamentarians Have
Lost Confidence of
Bank and File
(Special to Federatlonilst, from W,
Francis Ahern)
At the all-Australia National
Congress of Trade Unions, held at
Melbourns, Australia, on June 20-
25 last, work of an Important nature was transacted. Indeed, the
decisions of the Congress mark a
turning point in the history of Australian unionism.
The Congress was attended by
300 delegates from all parts of
Australia, and briefly put, its decisions were: (1) The Socailization
of industry by industrial and political action, the control of industry
to be governed by boards, on which
the workers in the Industry and
the community shall have representation; (2) the organization of
the whole of the workers of Australia into One Big Unoin, to be
known as the Australasian Workers
Union, with an estimated membership of 750,000 workers. Government of the union by annual convention, with provision for departments, divisions, subdivisions, sections and mixed sections. Officers
to be subject to recall by members;
(3) the rapid extension of the
Commonwealth Bank and the extinction of private banks; (4) the
nationalization of insurance and
workers' compensation; (5) the
amalgamation of Labor papers, and
the Issue of Labor dailies ln each
State of Australia, same to be financed by a levy on every unionist.
The Congress opposed (1) militarism; (2) thewar;*t3) compulsory training of cadets; (4) the
Anglo-Japanese treaty; (5) Imperial Federation,
These decisions are to be submitted to a specail Interstate conference of the Australian Labor
Party, to be held at Brisbane next
Oct. 10. It ils expected that the
Brisbane conference will ratify the
decisions arrived at by the Melbourne Trndes Union Congress, and
make them part of the fighting
platform of the Australian Labor
Party.
The Labor Counoll of New South
Wales has Issued a manifesto on
the work of the Melbourne Congress  which  puts ln  short,  terse
tralian workers. It is recognized
that vast changes are taking place
all over the world, that economic
resources of the bulk of the civilized world are ln the melting pot,
and that gigantic concentration of
capital is taking place in every
capitalist country, and that never
has economic power been so powerfully centred in the hands of so
few individuals.
On the Scrap Heap
"Therefore," says the manifesto,
"the industrial movement of Australia can no longer remnin quiescent and Indifferent while the economic fabric of the world's greatest labor centres Is torn to shreds;
(Continued on page 8)
AS A FORGERY
Enemy of Lenin Says Pretended Letter Is a
Fake
Paris.—The pretended letter of
Lenln, published In Le Matin and
cabled to the New York Times,
which published it and syndicated
It, in which he wns mnde to admit
"grave errors" and complain of
"wenriness," Is denounced as a
forgery by no less a person than
Bourtsev himself, implacable enemy of tho Soviets. Bourtsev declares, in La Vlcloire, that he received a copy of the snme letter,
but, convinced thnt it was a fake,
he refused to print it. Sinco then,
he says, it has gone the round of
the reactionary Russiun newspapers published ubroad. The
Journal des Debuts makes the admission that "a number of apocryphal documents find their way,
by accident or otherwise, into the
Russian foreign press."
One dollar and fifty cents Is the
cost for a six months subscription
to the Federationist,
t,.a-a"a-a-*-a-*»a»a»a"t>-.
No Medicine, No Disinfectants,  and  No
Bread
Difference Between Moscow and Volga Regions
Is Depicted
By HELEN AUGUR      t
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
Samara, Russia.—"No bread for
three days." .
This statement was ma.de to me
by a child tn one of the government
schools on the outskirts of Samara
in the midst of the famine area.
She was standing barefooted wearing a clean decent dress in a bedroom of a country house forming
part of a colony for SOO children.
Two small children lay on cots sick
with malaria and a dosen othera
stood nearby with hands drooping
at their sides, their eyes dork with
hunger. There was no romp or
liveliness left in the children. They
stood there with the muteness of
soldiers awaiting .death.
Up the path through the pine
wood was a hospital where 3G children lay ln spotless beds attended
by a competent doctor and nurses.
Most of them lay sick with malaria,
but there was no quinine to give
them. In the whole colony there
was no medicine, no disinfectant
and no bread. The cereals and vegetables on hand were sufficient for
the bleakest needs and there waa
no assurance of future supplies.
This colony, like all Russian
children's institutions, represented
the best work of the government.
The children had been living sturdy
lives ln an ideal colony that was a
former private country estate overlooking the magnificent Volga, but
even here disorganization and the
famine tragedy had penetrated and
the shadow of death hung over tho
cottages.
A Moscow Picture
. My mind went back to a children's town near Moscow, which I
had seen a fortnight before. There
600 youngsters in radiant health
(Continued on page '8)     *
I SIRED
Make It Hard for War Objectors to Be Reinstated
(By the Federated Press)
London—The election of a war
objector to a seat in parliament has
stirred tho resentment of the ultra
wur fans who are attempting to
take out their spite by mal-inT it
bard for those objectors who were
in tho civil service before the war,
and have now been reinstated.
Tho victorious objector is Morgan Jones, a teacher, who served a
term In prison for refusing war
service, and who now enters par-
llnment as the successful Labor
Party candidato In the by-election
of Caerphilly.
Robert Stewnrt, Jones' opponent on the Communist ticket, had
hIko nerved a prison term as a war
objector.
In pnrllnment recently, considerable feeling urost over a number
of questions dealing with the reinstatement In the civil service of
objectors.
Replying for the government, a
minister snid tbnt he was aware
tlmt objection wus taken to thc re-
hiHtutement. The only men who
had heen reinstated were those who
bnd proved thut they hud a hona
fido objection lo military servico,
and hnd complied with all the requirements of the law. Tho perlud
of thoir absence did not count for
Increment or pension.
Colonel Wedgwood, Labor momber, interrupted: "Muy I ask whether, in the opinion of the minister, a conscience Is of any use, or
not, In tho governmont service?"
No answer wns given.
Suerumento, Cal.—According to a
report made at a recent meeting of
the Federntod Trades Counncll of
this city, tho newly-formed California Builders Exchange, made up of
exchanges from all over the State,
is sending open shop advocates and
organizers Into Suerumento with
the object of inltiutlng in the Stute
capital the "American plan" which
so far has scored victories In San
Francisco and Oakland.
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for ilx months; to Unions subscribing ln a
_*body, 16c per member per montb.
Unity of Labor:  Ihe Bope of the World
FRIDAY  September 30, 1921
WHILE millions starve in the midst of
plenty, and the machines of production, aided by science, are capable of
filling thc needs of the people, national
jealousies created by the opposing economic interests, are sl'ow-
SCIENCE, ly but surely creating an
SENTIMENT atmosphere of antagonism
AND WAR that will eventually lead
, to war. It is easy to suggest a policy of disarmaments, which will
curtail the building of dreadnoughts and
other obsolete engines of destruction,
when all the scientific thought of the
world is being directed by the militarists
towards the creation of even more deadly forces in preparation for another and
more terrible slaughter than was the last
great war for "democracy."
* * *
Field Marshal Sir Henry AVilson, chief
of the imperial staff, calls attention to
the need for poison gas. He is reported
tb have said: "The modern nation must
keep itself ready to make poison gases
at a moment's notice in order to combat
an unscrupulous enemy." Experience has
taught, or at least it should have proven
that all enemies are "unscrupulous,"
especially when they are the better prepared for the conflict, and it can be assumed that all other powers are also preparing for a conflict with an "unscrupulous" enemy.
* * *
Not all scientists, however, are content
to see the efforts of humanity directed to
the creation of instruments of destruction.
Sir T. Edgar Thorpe, president of the
^British Association for the advancement
of Science, in addressing that body recently at Edinburgh, denounced the use
of chemical weapons in war. He called
upon the association to set its face against
the continued degradation of science in
thus augmenting the horrors of war. There
is, however, little doubt,but that his appeal will fair on deaf ears.
* * *
Sentimentalists question the legality
of the use of chemicals in warfare, while
thc militarists claim that their use is more
humane than other methods of destruction, and scorn the international laws
which arc supposed to curtail the activities of nations in times of conflict. That
the latter school of thought will prevail
as long as the struggle for economic supremacy continues, no sane person
would for a moment question. The late
war demonstrated, that when the" need
arose, all so-called humane restrictions
were swept aside by all the conflicting nations in the struggle for victory. That it
is nonsensical to suppose that humane
feelings can enter .into the conducting of
wars, has very evidently never entered
into the minds of the sentimentalists.
• War will be war as long as the present
system demands it. It will 1)ecomo more
horrible in each succeeding struggle. The
fiercer tho struggle for markets, the greater the demand will be for more efficient
destructive agencies. Science will be
called upon, and in view of the fact fliat
the class which determines on war has
the wealth with whieh to command, science will of necessity be compelled to obey
the dictates of that class. Man's inventive genius, instead of being placed at the
service of the great mass of suffering humanity, so that the needs of the people
can be supplied, will be ever turned to
the destruction of human life and property. This is inevitable under capitalism.
It is ini fact the only result that the present system can bring about. Tho working
class alone can determine when and how
the collective knowledge of the raco can
be turned to man's advantage, and that
only when the present system which calls
for wars is wiped out. Sentiment never
was, and never will be, tho deciding factor iu tho activities of the present ruling
A CORRESPONDENT, who is evidently interested in increasing the circulation of The Federationist, and the
spread of working class knowledge, has
sent us a number of questions to answer.
■ Ho points out that in
WHAT CHANCE his endeavors he is
HAVE THE often met  by  argu-'
WORKERS? ments which are con
tained in his queries.
His first question is in effect: AVhat chance
have the workers to change the system,
when they havo the ballot and thc opportunity of using it, and yet have completely failed in securing any control in "governmental affairs, and are the tools of a
ruling class, which is the smaller numerically, and which has control of the powers of tho state t
# » *
In the first place, we desire to point out
that the workers, as a class, in those countries which have a liberal franchise, have
as yet, failed to uso the ballot in the election of working class candidates. The
votes that were cast in thc last provincial
election for working class candidates were
an eloquent testimony of thc utter failure
of the workers to understand that they
have interests which are not in common
with their masters. The last Federal parliament contained only one working class
representative. This in spite of'the fact
that thc issue in tho eloction was, shall the
man-power of tho nation be conscripted
fbr military service, and the great major
ity of the possible conscripts were members of the working class.- These instances are purely relating to this country, yet Great Britain, France, the United
States and Germany all provide similar
instances of working class stupidity and
lack of understanding of the class position,
* * •
Failing the driving force of starvation,
it is impossible to conceive of a working
class, that will, election after election,
vote for members of the master class
either having the desire or the intelligence to bring about a change in the system. It is impossible to imagine a working class,, which docs not understand the
functions of tlie state, and its relations to
the subjeet class, even conceiving the idea
of capturing that political power which
would give it the control of aU that the
state implies. In fact, the workers of this
country have shown that they are satisfied with things are they are. Workers in
British Columbia, who have had the powers of state brought against them whenever they have attempted to challenge the
right of their employers to lower thcir
standard of living; when the right of association has bcen denied them, or whenever they have shown any decided objection to tilings as they arc, aro consistent
at least in their voting. They vote and
work for the election of candidates, representing one or other of the wings of
the ruling class, as represented by the old-
line political parties.
* » *
Under these conditions, it is hardly
likely that the workers catv obtain auy
control of any governmental power. It
is even impossible that they can even take
part in the legislatures of the country.
Too often during elections can workors
be heard proclaiming that it is useless to
vote for a workers' candidate, as he will
never get elected. Other similar statements indicate that tho .greatest need of
the moment is education. Education
which will show the workera that the first
step towards capturing the powers of the
state, must be intelligent aetion at the
ballot box, and when they have intelligence as a class to vote as a class, there
will be little tb worry about as to what
chance they have of changing the system.
If the workers do not measure ujT to that
standard, they will havo to wait for a
change, until of its own rototenness, the
present system of society collapses and
necessity drives the toiling masses to move
in the Wght direction. Education, will,
however, even under those circumstances,
be invaluable during the period of working class reconstruction, which will be
considerably different to the reconstruction which the ruling class so glibly talked
of after the close of the war, and which
has failed to rehabilitate capitalistic production. It will be the complete reconstruction of society on an entirely new
basis, and not a patching up process.
nPHERE IS a popular song entitled,
J>"Oh, It's a Lovely,War.-" The theme
is more or less sarcastic, but there are still
many people who imagine that the war
was a lovely one; that it was fought for
some iigh principle and
A LOVELY that when time has era-
WAR ANO dicated the damage done
RESULTS all -will be well.   How
lovely the war was can
be gathered from the perusal of the front
pages of the daily press on any day in the
week. Time, however, instead of eradicating the damage, seems to only show
that the mischief that was accomplished
by the period of destruction and slaughter which was to mako the world safe i'or
democracy, is beyond repair, and that instead of getting better, tho situation is
becoming worse and that all the efforts to
patch up the system which was the cause
of the war are unavailing,
Filled with fear, due to the faet that
they cannot s.ee the end, tho politicians
and so-ealled statesmen of the world, are
like men in a quicksand, who floundering
around, become more and more immersed
in the dangerous elements that threaten
thcir doom. Soviet Russia is to them a
nightmare. It appears as a forecast of
what is to come the world over when the
ruling class will be compelled to relinquish the power which it now posseses,
aud take a back scat while the workers
take a hand in the game. For this reason,
every effort is being made to seize the
present unfortunate plight of Russia to
start a new offensive against that country,
France would welcome any opportunity
to start operations. Great Britain is compelled, due to troubles in the British IsUs,
which are taxing the administrative powers to thc limit and almost to thc point
of-dislocation, to indulge in tho sending
oi notes. Tho note which has bcen sont
during tho past week, however, indicates
the wishes of the British Imperialists.
aaa
Charges have bcen mado by Lord Curzon to the effect that Soviet Russia has
not observed its undertakings with respect to the carrying on of propaganda in
Afghanistan and other British possessions.
Poland is reported to have sent an ultimatum to Russia calling for an immediate
compliance with tho treaty terms. While
Russia has replied that until Poland has
complied with its side of the Riga treaty,
thero will not be a kopeck of the promised gold handed over. Mcantimo the German mark is declining in value, Great
Britain is faced with an unemployed situation that threatens disaster to that nation. Churchill wants to havo a stable
medium of exchange, and the United-
States, France and every other capitalistic nation are faced with industrial depression and commercial stagnation.
» * *
Yes, it was a lovely war. But while
politicians scheme and attempt to bring
iho world back to normalcy, the workers
arc facing conditions sueh as thoy never
encountered before. Thoy aro gaining
new concepts out of their travail. Thcjr
miseries «hro compelling them to think.
Slowly tho class-consciousness, which Socialist have spoken of for ninny years, is
becoming a reality. A factor to be taken
into consideration, and which when properly developed, will spell thc de^th knell
of the present system. It is this new development that is striking fear into ihe
hearts of the membors of tlie ruling class,
Driven by that terror, every repressive
moasure that ean be thought of, will be
set in motion. Every agency and power
of thc state will set in motion to oontrol
the workers, But there will not. be .prisons enough, there will not be force
enough to stop the floodtide of thc rising
proletariat, when, driven by tile miseries
which capitalism has forced on them, thc
workers seek deliverance; when they consciously set about the task of freeing humanity from human slavery, and judging
by tlie activities of the workers in Europe
that day is not far distant. In the meantime, workers in this country must carry
on the work of education to .the end that
mistakes will not be made. Carried on
with a realization that tho working class
movement must essentially be an international one, and that the conditions in
any given country, along with the relative position of that country with the rest
of the capitalistic nations, must also be
understood in order that when moves ar
made, they will bc the correct ones, and in
line with the historical development of
the capitalistic world. To this end, the
election of working class candidates in
this country with a knowledge of the past
and present forms of society, should be
sought. By this means working class propaganda can be carried on with thc greatest effect. ^Knowledge is power, and power means victory in thc end. Let every
effort of the workers in this country in
the coming days bc centered on the upbuilding of the working class .press and
the spreading of that truth which will
shed a light before the workers and will
guide their activities aright. All other
activities without knowledgo for their
basis will spell disaster.
The leader of the opposition says that
this is not the time for experimenting. We
agree; the workers have experimented
with Liberalism and Conservatism long
enough; it is time they voted for themselves.
Premier Meighen has a new plan for
the grain trade, it is reported. If the
plan is a good one, and would benefit the
producing farmer, how is it that.is was
not brought forward before the announcement of an election,
Commodities arc, under the present system, produced for profit. As the worker,s
are always faced with unemplbymcnt
after having produced them, how .would
it be to cease producing commodities and
produce wealth for the people as a whole.
But what's the use, that would be bolshe-
vism. , .,
If the workers of this country >will accept the opinions of the leader of the government, and the leader of the Liberal
Party, as to the merits of the respective
old-time political parties, and then vote a
working class ticket, they will show signs
of an intelligence which will get them
moro than all the governments that ever
existed in the country havo given them
collectively.
Having exhausted the many cries that
were uttered during the early days after
the close of the war, such as, more production, lower production costs, we are
now faced with the new one, it is protection. As the protection will not protect
the workers from exploitation which is
inevitable mider capitalism, wo can only
ask ottr readers to ask themselves who is
the protection for. When they get the
answer they will vote the workers tioket.
In every country in the world the cost
of'government is soaring to heights heretofore unknown. Mackenzie King is calling for decreased cost of administration
in Canada. In Great Britain, South Africa
and Australia, retrenchment parties aro
springing up over (light. The cost of armaments is causing the ruling class of all
countries a great deal of worry, yet they
cannot let up, as their competitors in the
world's market are afraid that they will
be outdone in the preparation for the
next conflict.
Another factor that enters into the cost
of government is the caring for the unemployed. Canada, like other countries,
has had to provido money for this purpose. Great Britain, however, or the ruling class of that Empire, has felt this
"burden" more than aTiy other. The
load is not by any means deereasing,/and
in order to relieve tho unemployed situation to some extent, additional orders for
warships have been placed. All 6f the
cost of government, be it tho cost of ,war-
ships, the maintenance of armed forces,
caring for the unemployed, caring for
them to the extent that doles are handed
out to them in order to keep them from
Incoming dangerous, has to be met out of
thc surplus values created by tho workers. In other words out of the profits
wrung from tho wage slaves of the country affected or its dependencies.
Naturally the ruling class of a country
wliich is faced with the conditions: that
confront Great Britain are alarmed., The
burden is more than thoy can bear because it is eating up all of the surplus
values and is a demonstration that the
present system is incapable of feeding its
slaves. Bankers proclaim that it is markets rather than financial help that is
needed. Markets for what; for the pro-
duets of labor whioh cannot bo disposed
of, whioh tho workers cannot buy back
with their wages. Yet we find many
workors worrying about the high cost of
government and wondering if this excessive cost will not soon como down and
relieve tlieir miseries, when as a matter
of faet, the unemployed problem is adding to the cost of government which nvistj
bo paid for out of  the  surplus  values
-  IDEALOGY   -
production.
(By "Wayfarer)
TWO MEN', fcrown and Staith,
meet occasionally and fi^ll Into
conversation on general topics;
political, social, religious, etc.
Brown is an adherent of the old
form of religion, a believer in
Christianity. Smith is, In a modest
way, a student of science and natural law. und his position in regard
to religion is that of an agnostic.
Both are working men, and Smith
strikes Brown as rather peculiar,
given to too much thought and
reading. To Brown it seems decidedly peculiar not to accept the
current dogmas in religion. He,
with friendly concern, asks Smith
if he is not afraid that all this reading rftid brooding may not warp his|
mind, make him morbid on the
subjects of his interest, He is far
from being morbid on the subject
of religion himself, having probably never given it serious, original
thought, ln the way ot independent, critical study; but bus just
accepted it ae it was glypn to him,
without question or doubt.
Tho "Crank"
This la not an uncommon situation and inference. The man who
docs not think originally, investigate for himsolf, use and develop
his own Judgment; who has not arrived at tbe idea of truth as a thing
in itself, apart from authority, preconceived ideas and accepted conventions; a fundamental quality
and condition without prejudice or
partisanship, the criterion of value
In every line of thought, theory or
aim whatever, is usually considered
normal; while the man who adopts
theso conditions and processes, who
judges for himself, takes nothing
on trust; to whom truth is the supreme value In aU aims and rela
tlons; who waits for it as for the]
essence of things, is considered
morbid, peculiar, warped, a crank.
The case of Brown exemplifies a
confined, restricted mental growth,
as of a plant ln a hot-house, an
animal in a cage; and, when exposed to the elements, tho ordinary processes of nature, the realities of life, is, in the realm of
thought, study, investigation, un
fruitful, unreal, unsound, merely
conventional, echoing^ the current
prejudices. A man who has won
distinction In the realm of thought,
science, intellectual achievement,
is not considered morbid.
Nor the young man who is fortunate enough to pass through the
ordinary processes of higher edu
cation of school, university, lee
ture-room and laboratory; but the
less fortunate man, worklngman or
other who, In an Isolated way and
under difficulties, seeks to inform
and widen his mind and develop
his faculties, to understand the
problems of life and lit himself for
the proper discharge of his duties
therein, is regarded as exceptional
and therefore not normal,
Tbe Two Classes
This bVings us up against, as
every line of serious thought inevitably does, the conditions of life,
baldly stated, as under capitalism;
that system of economic production, in which the ownership and
control of production, and all the
privileges and benefits derived
therefrom, are not vested in society and organized for the good
of aU Its members, but are monopolized by a few, who retain their
power through their position of
political leadership and domination. And this system is said by
its advocates to provide the best
possible results for society, In securing ln the only possible way, the
well-being and happiness, material,
Intellectual and moral of all its
members, or at least of all those
that matter, and of promoting,
above all, in the conflict of interbsls
and ideas, the course of wisdom
und truth and all that makes for
man's progress and higher development, And so we have this situation: A dominant class, the very
rich, and those that serve it, controlling all the institutions of society, in production and commerce,
in government, the press and the
machinery of politics and public
life, and having almost unlimited
power to mould the thought and
ideas of society into the forms that1
Justify and uphold its own material
interests and power. Naturally,
therefore, all progressive thought
that aims to promote the natural
process of evolution In society,
which Is based on economic science
and natural law, is at a disadvantage and is regarded with hostility
by the watch-dogs of the dominant
class and repressed as much as possible. When it becomes too assertive, it is repressed by the processes of law and the powers of
the State; but, in the previous
stages, the means of repression are
thoso of misrepresentation, falsehood and economic pressure. As
all wealth is in the hands of the
dominant caste; they are of course
the paymasters of soolety, and not
only control thereby educational
Institutions, but alBo all the ordinary channels by which thought Is,
diffused throughout Bociety, The
fact that this power exists and is1
always ready to be exercisod, (s
enough to secure its objects in the
main.
Literary men,' Journalists, teachers and writers of all kinds, are
under'this economic pressure at all
timeB,'and are Indubitably influenced to form and express their ideas
in a way that accords witb the in-
tcrcBts of the existing social Institu
tlons.
Must Conform
A young man entering a career
as a writer of some kind, with perhaps large ideas and generous enthusiasm for human welfare and
social progress, soon finds his proper bearings. If he is to succeed
in his career and in life in the ordinary ways, he must conform or
he will find his activities cut off on
every hand. He hears continually
a voice behind him'saying, "this Is
the way, walk ye in It," and he
quickly falls into the Inevitable
grooves, and eventually, if he
achieves bucccss and distinction, It
will be as a champion of things as
they aro. His motto will be, "Gods
ln his heaven, all's well with the
world." Of course, there are exceptions to this, as to every other
rule. Tho main tendency of science, realized as far in Its effect on
life, has been to promote materia
progress rather than to influence
the evolution of social Institution.'.;
but occasionally sumo scientist, outraged by the anarchic and unsoi-
njiflo methods of society, may cm-
l.'tdy ln his writing a guarded protest and a forecast of ;i better day.
To tho .extent to whfch he does
this, his writings will bo quietly Ignored, but u few such protests arc
'in evidence in current works. A
novelist with an assured reputation and reading public may also
voice some criticism of existing society in a manner of "sweet reasonableness" and suavity, and here
and there a newspaper or a magazine with a reputation for being
"advanced" is tolerated, but all
theso are just that kind of exception that proves the rule; that is to
say, they are as unmistakably exceptional as to leave no doubt what
the rule is. This rule was thus expressed by Russell Lowell: "Truth
for ever on the scaffold; wrong for
ever on the throne;" and so* 'our
studious, truth-seeking working-
man, Smith, referred to at the outset, is undoubtedly, according! to
present-day standards, peculiar
and abnormal. Nevertheless truth
and understanding, being part of
natural's processes' of readjust-
mentHend eventually, through long
and painful struggles, to prevail;
and there is evidence at the present day, not only in the increase
of the proletarian press and literature, but also in other directions,
of the growth of an intellectual
and moral force working for the
social revolution. Such a forco has
always arisen previous to, and has
accompanied, any great social
change. One might instance the
abolition of slavery In the U. S.
A.; the different revolutions and
great reform movements ln England; the French Revolution, or
the, movements of 1848 in Germany and Europe. Such an Intellectual and moral force, based on
and In harmony with ■economic
laws, has been the natural preparation of men's minds for thexom-
Ing changes; and the fact tlmt, so
far, these changes have acted
mainly in the interests of, and
their benefits havo been appropriated by, a new and rising class
in society, does not lessen the necessity and value- of this moral
force. In the proletarian movement, lt is a cardinal principle,
of our faith that this moral force,
and the economic changes It will
accompany and help to bring
about, will abolish for ever class
domination, class subjugation and
all misappropriation by any section of society of the benefits derived from nature by man's labours In production or of special
privileges and monopolies in
ownership, control and wealth.
And it is on the proletarian movement, In the main, that the onus,
obligation and responsibility of
fighting error and maintaining
truth depend. On the success of
that movement, slow or swift,
broken or steady, depends tho re-
assertlon of bur common manhood,
of the value of life, the welfare
and happiness of society and the
right conduct of man—social ethics—in society.
Tho Objeot of Science
The object of science in dealing
with human life, or more properly
speaking, the object of nature as
investigated and defined by science,
is the promoting of life both in
quality and quantity, both as to the
duration of healthy, physical life,
and as to the development and
enrichment of life* In all its useful qualities. How this great end
of man, special welfare, has been,
not only neglected, but ruthlessly
thwarted and sacrificed, under the
present social order, we all know
too well. One section of society
preying on the rest and subordln-
atlngg their well-being and development to its own sordid, matorial
ends; till, gorged to repletion with
tho heaped up accumulation of
useless and enervating luxury, Its
soul smothered and stifled In satiety, it haa lost all sense of its obligations to society, and is Impelled
only by the blind instinct to retain
Its grip on our throats and on the
fruits of our toil.
Have ever the myths of ancient
races, or the romances of modern
times, envisaged a more heroic
struggle than that of the new Prometheus—tho man of toil, chained
to the rock of his material subjugation, the vultures of mammon
tearing at his vitals, steadfastly
and unflinchingly wresting from
the hands of his oppressors the
science of life, and passing on the
light to his fellows In affliction?
For such is the allegory of the proletarian movoment of today. In
the face of every difficulty and"
hindrance that life can offer, or
ignorance and bllndnesB in authority impose, and the butt of-the
contempt and ridicule ' of every
servile scribbler of the masterclass, the proletarian movement
advances the standard of man's
progress and elevation, and ushers in the dawn of a bettor day.
Loondon — A serious situation
has arisen in the South Wales coal
fields owing 'to a misinterpretation
of the terms of the settlement of
the last coal strike, the mines department requiring owners to contribute a further ten shillings per
ton, amounting to £750,000 toward
wages. The mine owners expected
this sum to be provided from the
government subsidy of £10,000,060,
of which £3,000,000 remain. After
a hurried meeting called in Cardiff the coal exchange owners decided to close a large number of
collieries.
DRUGLESS
HEALING
aaya Dr. CIids. Mayo, M, D., Ib tbe
best thing timt linn come into tht
life of the prosent.
W. J. DOWNIE
SANIPRACTIC  PHTSIOIAM
Ib Charge of Downle sanitarium,
Ltd., 1501 Standard Bank
Phones:    Sey. 60S     High. 21341
Austin, Texas—Sherman White
and Theodore Feamsters, negro
bellboys in local hotels, were whipped severely by a group of masked
men, none of whom has been Identified. After the negroes were
brought back Into the city from the
secluded spot where they had been
atacked. they were ordered to re-'
late their experience to' the Austin
American.
A QUACK
ssys nichard C. Cabot. M.D., Chief
of Medical Staff, JiHssuchiiBotti
General Hospital, is one who lends
his patients to believe ho hat
medical resources which, In fact,
be doos not possess; who fostcri
6n them all sorts of superstitions
about drugs and plasters, eto,
■ Dr. Frederick Terry says: ' 'By tht
RESULTS of tlieir work the publio
it'deciding in large numbers Witk
the Drugless Hosiers. Tho quack
beat the medical mun to the right
■olution. of tho health problems."
Alfred Walton, M.D., Piiilntlol-
phia, Pa., says: "It comes with
very bad grace from the regular
nchool of medicine, who.se methods
are demonstrated by leading mea
such as Richnrd Cabot, to bo 50
per cent, erratic in diagnosis, to
put stumbling blocks in the way
of the sick obtaining relief from
those who do not pretend to mt
Jiedicine ln any shape or form ia
he practice of their varioui
Drugless Health professions.
IN DEFENCE
Tt correct any misunderstanding
which may have arisen from statements made by enemies or rlvala
et- the Local Branoh of tho Amal*
gamatcd Society of Carpenten
and Joiners, tbe officers of tht
society art compelled to announce
that they ut not and never havt
bttn under aay kind of susptnsloa
Into Headquartera.
(Signed) T. S. COOPS'
W. TAYLOR
W. BRAT
F. L. BARRATT.
-HOME-
CASH OR
CREDIT
Furniture Store
We warn you to come to
this store with confidence
that you can buy Purnl-
/ ture, Carpets and Lino*
leum at lower prices and
better terms.
No   Greater   Opportunity
for    tlio    Working   Men
BUY IX THIS STORB
REMEMBER THB
HOME
FURNITURE
STORE
416 Main Street
Phono Sey. 1-97
MENTION THB FEDER*.
TIONIST and got year 10
Mt cant. discount.
MEN'S WEAR
Bargains In Working Clothing
Men's   Shirts,   doublt   sewn,
grey military  ....$1.33
Men's Black Shirts from..»1.25
Blue Chambray Shirts $1.25
MEN'S OVERALLS
Double knee and seat, brown
khaki  .' $2.60
Heavy    blue    denim,    double
sewn  $2.00
Hea,vy    black    denim,    high
waist $2.00
MEN'S    WORK    BOOTS    IN
ALL THE POPULAR     '
MAKICS
Leckie's, Ahrins, Dayfootsand
Hydro City from, palr....$5.00
It is better to look over our
stock and seo the quality, then
decide.
Fine boots for city or country
wear, in good variety.
STANFIELD'S UNDERWEAR
Oreen  Label,  suit   $3.50
Red Label, suit  $-.50
Blue Label, suit  $5.50
Black Label, suit $6,50
MEN'S RUBBER OOODS ARE
REDUCED IN PRICE IN
ALL LINES
Hip Boots  .-.$J.50
Three-quarter Boots $0.50
Kneo Boots  $5.50
Laced Boots  $4.00
Raincoats ln Black
Long  $0.00
Medium  $5.00
Short   $3.00
Olive
Long    $7.50
Medium  „ $6.50
Short   _ $4.00
W. B. Brummitt
18 and 20 Cordova Street West
and 444 Main Street
Ring ap Phone Seymour i_54
for appointment
Dr. We J. Cunj
DENTIST
Suite 301 Dominion Building
VANCOUVER, B. C.
J. H. MORE
Fine Tailoring
CLEANING and PRESSING
Phono Fair. 4852
234 BROADWAY EAST
BEST VALUE IN THE CUT
EUREKA
TEA CO.
607 DUNSMUIR STREET
Fresh Roasted Coltoo Dally ~
Teas and Coffee, 3 lbs. for $1.00
and np.
ALVIN ROOMS
56 CORDOVA ST. E.
Quiet and Sellable
A Working Man's House
All   modern   rooms.     Rates
reasonable.
"FELLOW-WOKKEX"
0. J. Mengel
Writes all classes of Insurance. Representing only first-
class Board companies. If insurance ls wanted, write or
phone Sey. .626.
Olllce address, 712 Board of
Trude Bldg., Vanconver, B.O.
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail,
Hastings Furniture Co.Lt(L |
41 Hastings Streot West
FIRST CHURCH OP I
CHRIST SCIENTIST i
mi atoms street ,
Sands? services, 11 s.m. ud 7.80 p.o.
Sundsy school ImraedUt.ly followln,
morning service, Wedneedty testlDioBle|
meeting, 8 p.m. Fret tending
..MOS   Birks   Bids.
You may wish to help Tho Pod'
t-rutioniHt. You can do bo by renew
Ing yonr subscription promptly an
sending ln tho subscription of you
frloiid or neighbor.
COWAN & BROOKHOUSE j
raiNTUKS, rDBLiaHEBS, STEREO-1
TTfERS AND BOOKBINDEBS
1120 HOWE STREET
Union Officials, write for prices.   W«|
giro SATISFACTION.
UNION MAN I
In that dark hour when sympa-1
thy and best service count aof
much—call up
MOUNT PLEASANT <|
UNDERTAKING CO.
233 JUNGSWAT, VANCOUVEB;]
Phone Fairmont 38
Prompt Ambulance Service
EMPIRE CAFEl
AND GRILL
"A Good Place to Eat"
HASTINGS ANP COLUMBIA CT|
MEETING PROVINCIAL NEEDS '
The groat Inerease In tke nornbef
of telephone ■ tallon.* in thii pro?*
inco nioani that tho telephone sub1
Boriber la able to roach mtny mor*:
people br wire, nnd consequently hl<
servioa ie of greater valuo. Durln*
the past year or two, expansion ba.
been marked in all parts of Vancou-.
ver Island and the Lower Mainland,
but adequate facilities liavo been in
stalled, both in regard to outsidi
plant and insido equipment, to meet
tho needs of the various communftlM.
The object of the company la to give a
a telephone lorvico lecond to no»e.T
BHJTISH COLUMBIA TELEPHOKEJ
OOMPAMT
BB BUKE TOU OET
VAN BROS.
WH___T TOU ABE _>OB
-CIDER-
ud "on-alcoholic Mbm M Ml |
kinds
fCNION   MEN'S   ATTENTOtt. I THIBTEENTH TEAR.    No. I*
Friday. September m. im   THE BRITISH QOhVi-UlA tfKUEliATJOiNiS'J...  VANCOUVM. IS. c.
jas
In TEETH, too, your
dollar buys more
Today your dollar buys more; it's everywhere
evident, no matter what you buy.  It cost* less to
. buy good teeth—to get them as a result of sound
dental attention.   My new priees prove it.
There's also an assurance about my work—a dependability, a perfect duplication of nature at her
best, which thoughtful people insist on getting.
P-VJJS ■TttJCEfc
Make that appointment today.
Prevention
s of Fain
I ute the most modern
methods — Nerve-Blocking and other scientific
forms ot local anaesthesia.
Dr. BRETT
ANDERSON
602 HASTINOS ST. W,
Corner Seymonr
PHONE SEYMOUR MSI
Offlce Open Tuesday nnd Friday
Evening*
DB. BRETT  ANDERSON,  formerly member ot the Fsealty ot th.
College ol Dentistry, University of Soolhorn Osllfornl-, Lecturer
on Crown and Bridgework, Demonstrator In Plstework snd Operative Dentistry, Loeal and Oeneral Anaesthesia.      .    .
Victory Bonds Accepted nt Par for Dental Work
fc
Saratov—Kalinin has arrived ln
Saratov. He considers the panic as
toeing at an end, and that the most
■nt the-provinces will bo able to
overcome ths difficulties with the
ihelp which they are to receive from
the centre.
San Francisco—According to the
latest report of the district director of the department of Labor,
this city now hns 17,076 unemployed. Oakland has 9630 and Berkeley 370, making a total of 87,060
in ths Bay district.
Help Famine Stricken Workers and Peasants
IN SOVIET RUSSIA
TWENTY MILLION OF OUB DROUGHT-STRICKEN
COMRADES,  WORKERS  AND  FEASANTS  IN
SOVIET RUSSIA OAU FOR OUR ASSISTANCE
How Much Will You Give to Help Them?
Will you feed 100 children today at a cost of only 5 per
cent, per child!
A Total Contribution of  $5.00
Will you feed 20 families today at a cost of only 25 per
cent, per family?
A Total Contribution of .'.  $5.00,
Will you feed 10 families today at a cost of only 25 per
cent, per family?
A Total Contribution of $2.50
Will you feed 20 children today at a cost of only 5 per
cent, per child?
A Total Contribution of   ..$1.00
TOU MUST GIVE ALL YOU OAN AND GIVE AND
GIVE AGAIN!
Send All Remittances to
THE   FAMINE   RELIEF   COMMITTEE   FOR   THE
DROUGHT-STRICKEN IN SOVIET RUSSIA,
F. 0. Bos 3591, Station B, Winnipeg, Man.
„ Secretary, Miss A. Schultz
Form branches everywhere, and affiliate with tho
Central Offico at the above address. Collect funds, grain,
etc., and ship to the Central Committee, advising when
having done so.
Lumber Workers'
News^nd Views
LONDON LETTER -
At the regular meeting ot thejey at full power, and by this means
haa got the campi well supplied
with his pets, and the good union
man haa had a tough job from the.
word go.
However, the boss is beginning
to flnd out that as a general rule,
docile slaves do not possess a large
measure of Intelligence, and can-,
not deliver the goods, with the result that the old-time logger Ib
coming into their own.
All that Is necessary is for the
one-time active men to realize this,
and by the exercise of a little tact.
they can lay the foundation for a
bigger and better union than ever.
The powers that be are running
away with the idea that they have
got the workers licked; they are organizing to put the workers where
they belong; their White Guards
are masquerading under the name
oi economic councils, etc., and are
preparing to utilize the coming unemployed problem for the purpose
of further reducing wages and
bringing the workers into a state
of abject slavery, and what are we
going to do about it?
Are we going to ooccupy our
time In squabbling about the combination of lettters of tho alphabet,
With which we are going to label
ourselves, or are we going to get
down and take steps to solidify our
ranks lh order that we can present
a solid front to a. master class, that
is determined to reduce us to the
status of beasts of burden ?
We can talk till we are black in
the face about the necessary revolutionary changes in the method of
production, but unless we can show
that wo are capable of lighting for
decent standard of living and
getting it, we are certainly out of
luck when we think we can bring
about a much-needed change in
the order of things as they are;
let us thereforo get together and
make an attempt to provide our
selves with conditions worthy of
human beings.
Lumber Workers, held on Sunday,
Sept. 25, the question of holding
meetings such aa the one held on
the Wednesday previous, was discussed, and lt was decided to hold
similar meetings at regular intervals, the general purpose of which
will be to get the logger to come.
along and discuss his problems.
Speakers may be on hand from
time to time, but the general idea
is to have a free for all discussion.
The next meeting will be hold on
Wednesday, Oct. 5, and notices will
be posted giving all particulars
discussion Will be invited as to the
best time to hold these meetings;
the human being is a creature of
habit, and it ls to be hoped that
the logger will develop the habit
of attending these meetings regu
larly, and so take a part In the
movemont that Is seeking to rouse
the worker from his deadly apathy.
There ls a-general revival of activity in the lumber Industry; men
have been sent to P. B. Anderson's,
Dumnsq's and the Whalen camps
at Port Alice, and Bernard's camp
ls now running with a crew of 11
men, and a delegato is no doubt
elected by now, but in the main,
this revival has not yet resulted in
an awakening on the part of the
men in camp; the Bpirit of reaction
still holds away.
The working animal possesses
some peculiar characteristics. He
very seldom does the right thing
at the right time. Ho is generally
about four Jumps behind the game.
There was never a time In the history of the Labor movement when
organization was more necessary,
and the worker is laying down on
the job. Men are continually coming to town depicting the deplorable state of apathy prevailing ih
the camps, showing that there Is a
terrible fight ahead to wake up the
camp workers.
At the beginning of the year, the
boss worked his blacklisting agen-
Foi Tw.mty Tears we bave Issuod thli Union Stamp for uso under our
VOLUNTARY   ARBITRATION CONTRACT
,W0RKERSUNI0T
UNIOr^TAMP
OUB STAMP INSURES:
Feacoful Collective Bargaining
Forbid^ Both Strikes and Lockouts
Disputes Sottled by Arbitration
Steady Employment and Skilled Workmanship
Prompt Deliveries to Denleri and Publie
Peace and Success to Workers and Eiiployeri
prosperity ot Shoe Making Communities
Ab loyal onion men and women, wo ark
yon to demand shoos bearing tha above
Union Stamp on Sole, Insole or Lining.
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
240 SUMMEHI STREET, BOSTON, MASS.
j       O-Ml Lovely, OeMlfl President.    P-nrlel — Balne, Oenersl Bee-Treat.
rieati Out now-is, Funeral De.tgn_, Wedding Boi-juet_, Pot Plant-
Ornamental and Shade Trees, floods, Bulbs, Florists' Bundriei
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
2—8T0EEB-8
<8 Haatings Street East 728 Granville Street
Beymour 988-672 Soymour 8513
UNION MADE
The iM.T. Loggers' Boot
Mail ordera personally attended to
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS & SON j
S3 CORDOVA STREET WEST, VANCOUVER, B. O.
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
thon. Seymour 556 Repairs Dono Willie Ton Wall
KEEP YOUR
MONEY AT HOME
Cascade Beer is made in Vancouver by Vancouver men. jiast year $200,000 was paid in
Vancouver for making Cascade Beer.
The plant in which Cascade is brewed is the
most modern in Canada. No expense has been
spared to turn out a pure, wholesome, full
strength beer. There are no flat bottles in Cascade Beer.
VANCOUVER BEEWEEIE3
Limited
El
Slater1
Big Stores
Special deliveries freo of charge to
Bast End, Hastings Townsite, Vancouver Height e. Kings way, Fraser
Avenue, Victoria, Drivo, Main Street,
-Fail-view West Avenues, Point Orey,
West End.
131 Hastings St. E. Phone Sey. 3262
830 Granville Street. Phone Sey. 866
3260 Main Street. Phone Fair. 1683
1191 OranvUle St. Phono Sey. 6149
Don't bo afraid to trust ue with your
orders, large or small.
GKOOEKY
Cash and Oarry Department
Not Delivered
Eaglo Milk, tin 22e
I'll),   tins  Raspberry  .turn,
8eedloss   Raisin..,   pneket
tin
...830
...21c
COCOA   SPECIAL
On sale  Friday   und    Saturday—
Puro Dutch Cocoa, in 1-lh. bags;
reg. 40c. lb.,  extra specii-l....g6c
FRESH MEAT DEPARTMENT
PORK SPECIAL
Slater's   famous.   Pork Shoulders,
weighing from 4 to 8 lbs.; reg.
3iic lb.    Spocial   23  l-2c
ANOTHER PORK SPECIAL
Slater'a famous Pork Butts; no shank,
practically no bone; weighing from
4   to  8 lbs.;   reg.  40o lb., spocial
for ,....- 201-20
LAMB SPECIAL
Lamb Stow, lb. ..: 16c
Lmnb  Shoulders, lb. 20c
Lninb Loins, lb 25c
Lamb Legs, lb 32 i-2c
Quality  Pot  Roasts
from,  lb.
..10c
i  Quality Oven Rousts  from, lb..lOc
Quality Rolled  -.ousts, lb...
Quality Rump Roasts from, lb...2:
q
Finest Boneless Stew Beef, 2 lbs...20o
PROVISION' DEPARTMENT
On sulo Saturday morning from
7 u.m. to 11 a.m., fino Alberta
Creamery Butter; extra special,
3  lbs.  for  ~ ¥1.18
Children  Are
Suffering in  Russia
(Continued from page 1)
The finest Alborta Creamery Butter on
Sttle nli day: reg. 3 lbs. for $l..r>0.
_.    Special,   3   lha.   for  — 81-35
ROLLED BACON
Slator'a famous Rolled Bacon, nico
and  lean   and   very  mild;   rog.
380  lb.,  special    20   l-2c
Oood Dairy Butter, lb ~ 35c
Finest Compound Lard, 2 lbs. for..36c
Our famous Pi en I o
lb. ....,7.	
Hams,    only,
 _..24 1-20
LISTEN I Don't spoil your baking
by using inferior LaYd. We sell
good Lard. From 7 a.m. to. noon
on   Saturday, lb _ 20c
BACON SPECIAL
Slater's   famoon    Streaky   Bacon,
half or whole slabs;
special,   lb	
reg. 48 c lb.,
.— 35c
The lust but not least of our Friday and Saturday Special!.
VEAL
Veal Stow, 2 lbs. for  25o
Veal  Shoulders,  lb.  ...  180
Veal Loins, Ib.    ,.._. 20c
Venl Legs,  lb   260
Alberta Fresh Eggs, doson _ 45c
B.  C.  Fresh  Eggs,  dosen _„ 66c
Peanut Butter, lb.  20o
Slater's Bost Tea,  lb,  45c
ALL TO BE HAD AT ANT Of
Slater's
Four Big Stores
Women's
Ailments
coNsm/r
Drs. Dumas and
Laura Flynn
Specialists
X-Ray nnd Electro-
Therapeutists
709-11 HOLDEN BUILDING
10 Hastings Streot East
Phono Sey. 5DlffL
were leading a Joyous existence. I
remember boys brown as Indians,*
clad in vermilion tlghta, playing
lively games of tennis, and older
children inviting 30' unexpected
guests to a delicious meal of soup,
bread and vegetables raised in their
own gardens. I remember little
figures hurrying from their cottage
across the croek to tho main house
to bring- bread and beans they hail
saved from their dinner to be given
to the Volga children. The only'
difference between the lives of the
children in the two colonies was'
the' one difference that matters-^-!
lack of food.
Compared to the rest of tho children in, the famine districts, however, the children in the colony
are fortunate. It seemed far bet-,
ter to face starvation in these surroundings than to live like child
fugitives in the Samara station that
wake us every morning in our car
on the siding with a monotonous
wall for a crust of bread. These
little famine refugees live in a
cloud oF dust and flies, a waking
nightmare. Their parents realize
that the children have a better
chance in government institutions
and since April they havo been
abandoning them in large numben.
Government officials flnd dirty
waifs on the doorsteps of the institutions or pick up homeless children from tho streets and fields.
Their parents had run away, having played their last card against
the children's death.
Overcrowded"
In Samara and in Stavropol, a
town of 10,000 Inhabitants, 50
miles up the river, I saw institutions engaged in heroic attempts
to enro for this avalanche of children.'* Without food or other ne
cessities sufficient to care for normal needs, these institutions* are
swamped sometimes with ten times
their capacity. The feeding station
in Samara is giving a meal of a
quarter of a pound of bread, millet
and soup to 1200 public charges
daily, but it has rations for only
two weeks more.
Conditions in the receiving stations where abandoned children are
kept until a place can be found for
thom reflect one of the most pitiful
phases of tho famine, I visited
only one of eight in Samara, where
400 children were crowded into a
house that accommodates 40. Thero
were 31 cups, GO eating untensils
and only one bathtub. There were
no clean clothes to put on the children nnd no heat to delouse the
clothes taken off of thc newcomers,
so that after a hurried bath the
children were restored to their original filth. The reason there was
no heat in the house was that this
institution had no bread available
to give to workers and thus enable
them to cut wood for fuel.
There wus no bread even for the
children, only a pitiful supply of
cereal and dried vegetables, that
was almost exhausted. The children were given soft clay to*munch.
The receiving room of this house
was like the ante-chamber of some
hideous demon of death. Thirty
children swept off the streets like
bundles of refuse were sitting or
lying on broad benches In a stupor
of weakness. Theae children lay
beside the door, two with eyes
swollen with «trachoma, hunting
vermin like sick monkeys. On the
windowsill lay a baby whose limbs
were covered with spotted typhus,
Several dying children had legs and
arms wasted to sticks and bodies
incredibly swollen. The silence of
death was already upon the room
and I was grateful when some suffering children moaned and broke
the terrible spell for an instant,
In the next room wcro children
who had been bathed and put back
into their dust colored rags. They
were huddled five on each tiny bed,
specters of suffering. Every disease
known to starving childhood sat
there embodied. Half of the 400
will die unless help arrives ln two
weeks, according to the nurses.
What seemed incredible to me
was that any of the children I saw
should live through a single week.
If you want some sample copies
of this paper for your nelghbars,
call around to the office and get
them. ■
By Evelyn Sharp ■
(Fedenttsd Press Staff Correspondent)
UNEMPLOYMENT Is reaching
' a crisis here that cannot
' much longer tw Ignored by
'Ministers on holiday or a Parliament in recess. The Imprisonment
of the Poplar councillors has
brought, the whole Question unexpectedly to a head—unexpectedly,
that la, trom the point of view of
those who have hitherto failed to
admit its urgency.
The refusal of the Poplar Borough Council to levy the London
County Council rates for education,
police, and other general services;
on the plea that all rates should be
equalized over the whole of ths
London area, involves two questions of first-class Importance.
The old demand for the equalization of rates is only one of them,
dating back many years. If it were
granted, It would relieve some of 0
the more pressing difficulties of ,v
poor boroughs like Poplar, where
so much money has to be spent in
relief of distress that it becomes
obviously unfair to levy in addition
the same County Rates as are
levied on the richer boroughs like
Kensington and H&mpstcad, where
the poor rate is necessarily much
lower. But the equalisation of rates
alone would not solve tho problem
which the flne action of the Poplar councillors has brought to the
notice of the public becauso the
second question involved is a much
larger one—the whole treatment of
unemployment.
It Is through the Government's
policy in shifting the problem of
unemployment on to the shoulders
of the local authorities that the
present revolt in Poplar has come
about. The imprisoned councilors, faced by the choice of pacing
adequate relief to the starving unemployed, or paying inadequate relief and meeting its other liabilities,
decided to sacrifice an indeterminate sentence in jail for technical
contempt of court. But that does
not settle the question of Poplar's
debt to the central authority,, and
It merely evades once more thi
wider and moie insoluble question
of unemployment.
Is this, after all, the way In
which tho industrial and social revolution is to come in this very
law-abiding country? It is impressed upon the ordinary person, who
cares nothing for legal technicalities, that thc Poplar men and women councillors have gone to prison for the sako of the poor—ai
indeed they have. Other borough
councils, where there is a Labor
majority, may follow suit by paying
adequate relief to their unemployed and thus rendering themselves
insolvent and unable to pay the
county council rates.
Already, in • many districts, the
unemployed are besieging the court-
oils with demands for "adequate
maintenance for thomselves and
their families. The old days of acquiescence in peroldlc unemployment consequent upon the working of the capitalist system are certainly gone. It remains to be seon
whether the steady pressure of
events will bring about a peaceful
revolution, or whether rioting will
ensue, followed by the usual coercion.
The Poplar councillors went to
prison exhorting their followers to
abstain from violence; and the
Trades Union Congress is demanding that parliament be summoned
to deal with unemployment in a
special session, by providing work
or adequate maintenance for the
thousands who are out of work.
Tho immense enthusiasm with
which evory reference to the Poplar prisoners (who include among
such names as thoso of George
Lansbury, John Scurr and his wife,
nnd Susan Lawrence) was received
hi congress testified to the service
tbat these mon and women have
rendered to the workers' cause.
What course the governmont will
follow (beyond relying on "a press
ci.umpfonship which seeks to rouse
tho public ngainst the worker*? by
painting the latter as wasters and
idlers) has not yet been indicated.
The 53rd annual gathering of the
Trades Union Congress is now in
session at Cardiff, presided over by
E, L. Fnullon. There are 823 delegates preaent, representing 212
trade unions, with .'a membership
of ovor 6.416,510. Its meetings
have so far been characterized by
a spirit of conviction that tho present financial system has got to end,
nnd that in no other way can the
present distress bo permanently roll eved.
Meanwhlic, Immediate temporary
reforms are insisted upon. A
special attack, for instance, was
mado upon the government cost-
of-living figures, on the strength of
which, ns J. H. Thomas pointed
out, the wnges of some three million workers are liable to reduction. The congress is suspicious
that theso figures havo bcen juggled In the interests of employers,
and that they represent reductions
in the cost of living that do not affect the ordinary'exchequer of the
worker j family.
Tho government is to be pressed
to adopt instead the findings of the
joint committee of the Trades
Union Congress, the Labor Party
aud the Co-operative movement.
More significant than the resolutions passed ou this subject and
unemployment, however, is the
general attitude of the delegates
who are determined not to be forced back to tho standard of living
of 1914, based upon what Ernest
Mevin once called the "fodder
wage.M-
Tho formation of the new general council, to take over tho work
of ths old parliamentary commit'
tee, which now comes to an end, Is
one of the most important features
of this year's congress, though lt
deals with machinery only. It ls
hoped that this new body will succeed In co-ordinating the whole
Labor movement la such a way
that the failure of the coal strike,
owing to lack of co-operation on
the part of other unions, may never
be possible again.
Contrary to the expectation of
somo optimists in the ordinary
press, the new general council' is
not a sign that the strike weapon
has failed and ls now abandoned
as obsolete, but an indication that
Labor shall have a stronger weapon in future for enforcing Its
strike policy when this becomes
necessary.
While the Moplah revolt*In India ls being followed with great
wisdom by tolerant speeches from
the Viceroy and promises of equal
treatment far Europeans and Indians, the British official attitude
towards the relief ot Russia is tempered far too much with French
Intolerance and suspicion.
Fortunately, private schemes are
not being held up while governments haggle over- whether a proletarian government can be trusted
not to steal money sent for relief
purposes! The Quakers and the
Save the Children Fund Commit
Ice, who have been feeding the
Russian children for many months,
are redoubling their efforts now;
and it is to be hoped that the workers, through the Trades Union Congress, will, In spite of distress here,
vote a good sum to help their Russian comrades.
But It will be hard to beat the
generosity of the Italian workers,
who, in addition to large trade
union levies already made, have
just, through the Italian Federation of Marine Workers, voted i,-
'00,000 lire to be sent to the famine
'victims.
The
Australian
, Congress Moves
(Continued .rom pan 1)
100% VALUE SATURDAY
Rubber, al Whole-ale Cott
MlBM-' Black Calt Boot-, »___ leather
throughout; tweahapM to £•> AB
choose from; ■__>• ll-».._ *wOte70
Boya' Oil Tan School Boot*.   The beat
wearing achool hoot made.
11-11 1-4 tt tend ltt
$5.00 $5.50 $6.50
Special for Saturday—200 pairs
black strap Slippers and Oxfords,
one price.  AIL
$4.95
Short vamp Brown and Black
Oxfords; Goodyear welted soles;
a flrst grade shoe for wide feet.
Stt,urdair _ $7.95
only .
while, after 20,000,000 workers
have perished In Armageddon, e
hundred million of others—men,
women and children—are forced
tjy the predatory employing class
over the starvation line; The repercussion of the prevailing economic crisis ls already beginning to
be if elt In Australia; 50,000 Australian workers have been thrown
yut of work on to the scrap heap,
and if that were not sufficient, the
Labor movement is to be forcibly
fed with immigrants, en masse, un
til it is willing to accept the dicta
tion of tho employing'class."
The all-Australian Trades Union
Congress realized the dangers con'
fronting the working class, and
dealt with matters whieh vitally
affect the working class movement.
The calling together of the trades
union dolegates throughout the
Commonwealth1 to the Melbourne
Congress was tn Itself a confession
that the parliamentary wing had
lost the confidence of the industrial
masses on whom its subsists. Not
only through the sins of commission and omission of the parliamentary purty had the industrial masses been driven apart from their
parliamentary representatives, bujt
trade unionists realized that there
was something radically wrong
about the relationship of the parliamentary to the Industrial wing
of the Labor movement.
Politicians in Control
In place of the unions controlling the parliamentary wing, whom
they support with their contributions, the situation has become reversed, ,with the politicians In control. Such an unsatisfactory relationship should not continue. If
the unions are to have any effective voice and controlling power jn
parliamentary jnatters, they must
unite and take action as a united
body. /
It is proposed that all trade
unions shall control Labor politics
by forming an industrial group, all
unions to affiliate with this group,
and at a special conferenco of all
unions, the delegates at such conference to decide upon a basis of
-.-filiation of the trade unions to all
political bodies. ' Upon this bn-;is of
affiliation depends to a considerable extent the chances of success
In the achievement of unity between tho industrial and politieal
Wings, which tho Melbourne Congress decided was so essentail for
th3 effective mobilization of labor-
power In the great struggle that is
looming ahead.
Wants One Big Union
Tho Melbourne Congress decided
that craft organization as a working class weapon was obsolete, and
pledged itself to advocate the'principles of the One JJIg Union, recognizing the class struggle in society. . By long and bitter experience, it had proved the futility of
political and Industrial methods
n lining at reform, and has doclared
lhat capitalism can be overthrown
by revolutionary political and industrial action only. It also decided that for the purpose of educating the workers nnd keeping
them In touch with the happenings in other countries, Labor Information bureaux and Labor col->
leges shall be established throughout Australia, with a central clearing house at Sydney.
Tho Melbourne Congress also endorsed tho scheme for nationalization of banking, industries and tho
establishment of economic councils.
Whilo the workers of Australia
will accept this deefsion, they nevertheless insist that such functions
cannot bo established for the benefit of tho workers under a capitalistic order of society. If established under capitalism, it would tend
lo stabilize tho capitalist order and
confer more solid benefits upon tbo
bourgeoisie than upon the workers,
A pro-requisite for any effeutlVfi institution of nationalization of Labor control of Industry fs tho conquest of political power through
tho overthrow by the revolutionary
proletariat, of tho capitalist state
machine, and its replacement by a
workers' state, which Is the revolutionary dictatorship of the proletariat,
A Council of Action of 12 mom
bere was created by the Melbourne
Congress to give effect to matters
agreed to by the Congress, relating
to industrial organizations, to cooperate with the Australian Labor
Party executive, with regard to the
other decisions of Congress, and In
the event ot a disagreement ln any
of the principles decided upon, to
have power to call a further Congress.
New Methods Needed
The workors wero moved to thia
action by reason of the fact that fn
the past the workers have been
continually sabotaged by their Parliamentary leaders. The recent betrayal of the British miners wns
due to the power Invested In lho
hands of political opportunists,
such as Thomas and Clynes, whoso
machinations caused the collapse
of tho Triple Alliance, and tho
gross betrayal of the Britiah minors. Australian industrial history
Is replete with such Incidents, From
thoso bitter experiences of tho
working class movemont, has arisen a demand In all parts of tho
world for the establishment of a
central body devoled oxclusivoly to
the interests of the Industrial move-
Men's Blaok Calf Dress Boots; Goodyear
welted soles, jround toes. A special buy
enables us to sell thla
boot at _._...„..,
$5.95
Men'a   Brown   Chrome
Boota; gdod aolid
.leather boota at
$5.00
PARIS
51 HASTINGS WEST
ment which must be sufficiently
flexible to meet any crisis. This
could not be accomplished through
the existing unwieldy organizations.
The formation of the Council of
Action by the Melbourne Congress,
brings Australia Into line with the
world's movement., It indicates
clearly the vital necessity -ot the
working class making its demands
felt by a new tompact organism,
entirely, independent of and tree
from parliamentary control. To
ensure this, the personnel of the
council must be under the direction and control of industrially organized Labor,
Summing up the work of the
Melbourne Congress, the Labor
Council of New South Wales says,
ln its manifesto:
"From the keen debates and
militant resolutions of Congress, It
ls apparent that the Australian
Trade Union movement has come
to a quick realization of the great
economic crisis which Is gripping
industry throughout tbo world.
The dominant note of Congress
was that the world crisis looms
over Australia, and that the time
has arrived to prepare for same by
correct working class organization.
Obsolete forms of organization
must be discarded, and new forms
developed to meet the unparalleled
changes that have taken plaoe
since the war. The Intensification
of /Capitalist organization must be
met by the Intensification of Labor
organization.
"Tho declaration In favor of In
dustrial unionism emphasizes the
necessity for abandoning tho obsolete craft form of organization, and
its transformation to the Industrial
form which Is more in conformity
with the present stage of capitalist
development.
"This council Issues a call to the
trado union movoment to form an
industrial group that will be able
to exercise decisive influence over
parties claiming to represent the
working class. Tho group would
safeguard and protect the interests
of tho workers and act as an offensive weapon in the fight for the
emancipation of tho proletariat
from all forms of exploitation,
I3itter experience alono has shown
that this is absolutely necessary,
Patronise Federationist advents-
Vancouver Unions
VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR
COUNCIL—President, R. W. Hatley;
secretary, J. Q. Smith. Meets 3rd Wednesday each month la the Pendor Hall,
ctjini-r of Ponder tnd Howe itreoti.
Phono buy, 1101.
We malt. Ladle*' Oarmenti
Bight Hen in Vaneourer
—tbe equal ln atyle and emnrU
neee of aay offered in Canada.'
Suitt. Dream, Otati, ate.—Ibe
latest itj-_s— a. smartest models—la
all th, aew ahadti—eemplett Uaia
far roar ckoosinf.
Wa offer these fi meats lower than
elsewhera -teaasa va deal -iraet—
•Unlaala an tha nlddlnaea'a pmltt.
Famous
Cloak a Suit Co.
62S HA3IIH03 ST.. Hear Ore-rule
SOSKIN.& CHOSE
Barristers, Solicitors, Notaries
Telephone Sey. 2401
Bums Block, 18 Hasting- St. H
- Vanconver, B. 0.
TALIS BOOTLESS
ANP
NANAIMO
Kindling Iteo
CANADIAN WOOD AHD
OOAL COHPAHV
1H0 GRANVILLE  Bey. S2t«
Mainland
Cigar Store
S10 OARKAIX STREET
THE PLACE FOB PIPES
ALLIED   PRINTING
cil—Moots    second
month.    President,  J.
TRADES COUN-
Monday in thu
It. White;   secre
tary, R, H. Neelands, P. O. Box 08.
BRICKLAYERS AND MASONS—If   yon
need bricklayers or masons fcr bailor
works,    ole,    or   marblo   setters,    phono
Brieklayera'  Union, Labor Temple.
CANADIAN NATIONAL UNION Oi' EX-
BBRVtOK men meeta second and
fourth We.lno.duys ot ench inoutll, at 01
Cordova St W., at 8 p.m, Jaa, Farnham,
SBcrotaryr Treaiurer.
OENERAL WORKERS' UNIT OF THE
'. B. U.—President, E. Andrei secretary, W. Bervice. Meets 2nd and 4th
Wednesday jn each month in Ponder Hall,
cor. of Ponder and liowe streeta. Phone
Hoy.   291.	
HOISTING AND PORTABLE ENOI-
noors, Local 840—Intern..tlonal Union
ol -.team and OpcratlnK Engineer* meets
every '2nd und 4th Friday at ft p.m., 819
Pendor Stnet West. 0. Riley, 26S4
Mahon Avenuo, North Vancouver; secretary, P. Bradley, 1702 MuKpaddon Street,
Vancouver, U. C.
INTERNATIONAL LONOBHORKMEN'B
Aaiioclition, Loeal DB-6'2—ODIm and
hall, 152 Cordova St. W. Meeta Brst
and third Friday*, I p.m. Secretary-
treasurer, T. .Nixon; business agent, P
Sinclair.
INTERNATIONAL JEWELR* WORK-
era' Union—Meeta 2nil and 4th Mondays. President, J. E. Dawson, 1645 Vow
St., Kitsilano; aeeretary, E. T, Kelly,
1850 Hastings St. E.; recording secretary,
L. noldswortb, 639—1 Itli  St. W„ North
KIRK'S
Guaranteed Coal
Means—■
If our coal is not satisfactory to you, after you
havo thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
coal is left and charge you
nothing for jvhat you have
used.
Tou to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
LIMITED
929 Main Street
Phon* Seymour 14« ud 46t
LUMIIKIt WORKERS' INDUSTRIAL
UNION OP CANADA—An industrial, union of all workera In log-
n'mi and construction campa. Coast District and General Headquarters, 01 Oordova St. W , Vancouver, B. U. -Phono Bey.
7K50. J. M, Ularlto, penoral Eecretary-
trcaauror; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Macdonald A Co., Vancouvor, B. 0-; auditors, Moasrs. Buttar A Chiene, Vancouver, B. O.
MARINE FIREMEN AND OILERS'
Union ol Britiah Columbia—Mcetfnc
night, first and third Wedneaday of each
month at 108 Main Street. Preaident,
Dan CArlln; vice-president, J. Whiting;
aeoroary-trcasurer, W. Donaldson. Address, 108 Main Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Victoria Branch Agent's address, W.
Francis, 507 Johnion St., Vlctoris, B. 0.
MOVING PICTURE MACHINE OPERATORS UNION, LOCAL 848. I.A.T.S.E
—Affiliated with Trndi'a and Labor Council and Theatrical Federation, Vancouvor.
President, J. R. Foster; secretary and
treasurer, LockHley Clark, P. O. Boi 845,
Offlco and meeting room, 310 London
Building, Pender St. W. Regular meeting night, fir.-t Sunday In each month at
7 ;!30 p.m. Buslneas Agont, W. Wool*
ridge-    Phono Eraser 287L.
BROTHErfHOOD OF PAINTERS, DKCO-
rators and Paperhangers of America,
Local 188, Vancouver—Meets 2nd and
4th Thursdays at 148 Cordova St. W.
Phono Sey. 3491, Business agent. R. A.
Barker.
O. B. U. UNIT PILE DRIVERS. WOOD-
en Bridgemen, Dorrickmen and Riggers
of Vancouver and vicinity. Meeta every
Monday, 8 p.m., In O, U. U. Hull. 804
Pender St. W.    "
President,   \V.   Tucker;
finanoial aeoretary and buainesi agent, O.
Anderson. Phone Seymour 291,
CANADIAN SOCIETY OF CERTirifcD
_ STEAM ENGINEERS LOCAL No. t,
New Westminster, meets every first and
third Friday in the Labor Temple, Royal
Avenue and 7th Stroet, Engineers sip*
plied. Address Sucretary, 1040 Hamilton    Straet,   New   Westminster,   B.   a
Phono 503Y. [^
STK l'_ KT    AND    ELECTRIO    RaIlWA^
Employeea, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Moots A. 0. F. H«||, Mount Plcasut.
1st and Srd Mondays at 10.16 a.m. and /
pm, President, F. A. Hoover, 2409 Clark*
Drive; record ing-secretary, T. E. GriBa,
147-—oth Avenuo East; trtaiurer, E. 8.
Cleveland; financial-secretary and bail-
ness agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4308 Horn*
fries Street; office corner Frlor and Main
Sts.   Phone Fair 8OOAjt^	
TYPOGRAPHICAL    UNION   No.    22f—
Meets laat Sunday of each month at
2 pm. President, 0. H. Collier; vice-
president, E. H. Gmigh; secretary-
treasurer, R, H. Neelanda, Bot 60.
WORKERS' COUNCIL. VANCOUVEB,
B. C, meets every Tueaday eveniaw
at 8 p.m. in the 0. B. U. Hull, 804 Pander St. W. Secretary, E. Horeburgh, Pander Hall.
THE   NEW   WESTMINSTER   BRANCH
of  the O.  B, U.  meeta  on  tbe  third
Wedneiday of every month.    Everybody
welcome.
Provincial Unions
VICTORIA. B, 0.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADEB
and Labor Counoil—Moeta fint Md
third Wednesdays, Kriighfj of Pythias
Hull, North Park Street, al 8 p.m. Pnat-
■lent, C. Stvcrts; vice-president, R. Elliott; secre tary-treasurer, E. 8. WooeV
ward, P. O. Box 802, Victoria, B. O.
PRINCE BUPERT, B. O.
1'RINCE RUPERT CENTRAL LABOB
Council, O. B. U. Branches: Prlnee
Rupert District Flfherles Board, O.B.U.;
Metalliferoun Minora' District Board,
O.B.U. Secreary-trcaenrer, P. O, Boi
217, Prince Ruport, PAGE FOUR
thirteenth teae.  No. 3.   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. a
FRIPAT. September 30. 1931
OVERCOATS
TWEEDS in dashing styles for
men and younger men—at a
substantial saving.
SINGLE and double-breasted
styles in solid greys and browns
and fancy mixtures. Convertible
collar; quarter or full lined; patch or
slash pockets. Regular $30. Dick
value—
$20
GENUINE Scotch Tweeds—Ulsters and Belters, Raglan or set-
in sleeves; convertible or chesterfield collars; pockets as you like
'em. Heather mixtures, plain greens,
browns and blues, and some interesting new checks.   Phenomenal value
$25
A great array of
splendid coats.    .
Yours is here and
at your price.
Your moaeyb worth or your money back'
CENTRAL HOTEL
__   CORDOVA,   ST.  E.
Juit OS Oerrsll Stmt
Comfortable and Clean Accommodation
fer Working People.   Hot and Cold
Water In Erery Hoom
Bates Reasonable    Fbone Sey. 11730
Under  the  auspices
Society   (or  Technical  Aid
to Soviet Russia
A BASKET SOCIAL
will be held in aid of the
Russian Famine Relict Fund
In   the   FINNISH   HALL,
2605 Pender E., Corner of
Clinton
SATURDAY, OCT. 1st
At 8 O'clock
GeVits SOc Ladies 25c
Ladies with liskets free
British Workers
are Moving to Left
(Continued from page 1)
SHOE REPAIRING
UNION SHOP
Bring your work to a top-notcher.
THOM'S
256 KWGSWAT (Cor. Broadway)
worse, as they are expected to, the
swing to the left will be still more
pronounced.
In the meantime the workers are
demanding more and more in the
shape of relief, and the British
government is staggering under the
load, which the economio condition
is placing on the administrative
powers.
While the "respectable" Labor
leaders are pointing out to the government the danger of the radical
element getting control of the situation, and the time servers are
seeking cover by becoming "more
radical," the workers are tending
to their own business, consequently anything can be looked for In
the British Isles. One thing,, however, is sure, that the conditions,
coupled with the repeated betrayals of the workers by their leaders,
are pushing the rank and flle in the
direction of a real proletarian
movement.
Seattle.—Negroes and Japanese
will refuse to scab on Washington's
striking coal miners.
This was made clear by prominent Japanese and colored labor
associations here when coal operators attempted to recruit strikebreakers for their mines.
$15
WHY PAY MORE
We an making tlio Best Logging Boot procurable at
A PAIR, 10-INOH TOP, MADE TO YOUR   MEASURE
FTOM- CAULKED,
Send Your Repairs by Mall
The "New Method" Shoe Making
and Repairing Co.
S37 OARRALL STREET—Juat a Step from Railings
AH O. B. U. Help Phone Sey. 8217
NIGHT SCHOOLS
—UNDER DIRECTION OF-
Vancouver Board of
School Trustees
Classes Re-Open
October 5th, 1921
SIXTY COURSES
Enroll, at School Board Offices Monday or
Tuesday Evenings, October 5 or 6, from 7 to 10
p.m.
W. K. BEECH, Director.
JUNIOR LABOR
LEAGUE NOTES
The flrst regular educational
meeting of this winter's season ln
Junior Labor League circles, demonstrated that the members are on
the job, and going strong right
from .the start. Last Friday's
meeting was one of the best educationally that the league has had ln
the three years tt'has been ln existence, A good crowd turned out,
among which were several new
faces, and two sides were chosen,
one side to support capitalism, and
the other to indict capital. Arguing In support of capitalism would
be a hard task for any person, but
to argue against their convictions,
and knowing just how roughly
their arguments would be handled,
proved to be a difficult but interesting job for the affirmative.
Comrade Wm. Ivens, M. L. A.,
honorary vice-president, was present, and took an active part ln the
proceedings. Comrades Tom Richardson and W. R. Trotter were also
present ,and addressed the meeting,
Last week's meeting was a good
standard—al Ithe leaguo needs to
do is to maintain that standard.
The league will hold a business
meeting tonight, (Sept. 30), at 52
Dufferin street west, 8 p.m. A big
turn out ls essential for this meeting. The meeting noxt Friday will
be another educational meeting,
and workers are invited to send the
young folks along—the more the
better. For information, ohone
Fair, 1610, or Fair 3023L.
ft
Huge Sums and Stores
Given Without Consent
of Parliament
London—Tho British government, without the knowledge or
coiment of parliament, aided Po-
lund and the Russian counter-revolutionary forces in the wars against
the Soviet government ovor periods
extending fronfthe date of the armistico to March 31, 1920, with
supplies totalling more than $120,-
000,000, according to parliament's
select committee on public accounts, which has published its
findings.
Stores valued at more than $80,-
000,000 and $30,000,000 In cash
were thus secretly given by Great
Britain to Kolchak, Denikin, Yudenieh ond Wrangel.
Poland was covertly aided to the
extent of $10,000,000 worth of army
stores,
Greece secretly obtained 50 airplanes with spare parts for 25 more
to be used in the war against Russia's allies, the Nationalist Turks.
Other supplies and valuablo articles, Including a complete battleship with guns, stores, mine-sweepers and submarine engines were
given to tho British colonies, also
without atuhorizatlon by parliament.
Riga—The workers of the Llthu-
nian intendent factories have decided to contribute one day's pay
per month to the famine funds, and
havo issued an appeal to the work-
era  of Lltlmania  to  follow t
AUSTRALIANS
Resent Attitude Assumed
by Premier Hughes
on Alliance
By W. Francis Aherin
(Federated Press Correspondent)
SYDNEY, N.S.W.—Australia resents the statement of W. M.
Hughes, Australian prime minister,
that he speaks for the majority of
the Australian people in urging a
reaffirmation of the Anglo-Japanese
treaty. They point out that they
havo never been consulted on the
question.
Australian people would view
with horror the possibility of having to flght on the side of the Jup
anese against America. On April
22, last, in the Australian federal
parliament, the Labor party submitted a motion that the Australian prime minister should not be
empowered at the Imperial confer
ence in London to" commit AustraUa to any agreement or undertake
Ing "except on the condition that
the same shall be subject to the ap
proval and ratification of the
people." This motion was defeated
by the anti-Labor parties.
The Australian people are of the
opinion that a military alliance
with Japan at this juncture In the
world's affairs must inevitably earn
the Ut will of America.
The Australian people look, upon
the ambitious and aggressive policy
of Japan as a menace. In the lifetime of one man, Japan has, at a
rato which makes all European
progress seem slow, changed her
country from an Oriental despotism
to one of the great world powers.
Her policy of eliminating the white
powers from the Far East Is to
make her mistress of Asia and the
dominating power of the Pacific.
Japan has eliminated Russia and
Germany, two dangerous rivals.
The end of the World War saw
Japan with her ambitions largely
realized. Korea, Manchuria, and
Shantung are in her hands, b he
holds rich concessions in China, the
whole island chain from Kamchatka to the Philippines, and the islands captured from Germany. She
ls again advancing ln Siberia.
For a quarter of a century Japan
has pursued slowly, but unhesitatingly and unscrupulously, a successful foreign policy. Australian
people say that Hughes is not Justified in saying they have nothing
to lose and much to gain by.being
allied to Japan. In case of war
with America, .according to the
terms of the pfesent treaty, Britain
not only could not help America,
but would be forced to prevent any
other nation coming to her assistance.
HOW IDE CO-OPS.
IN
Openly Defied Communist
Administration at
First
T
Judge   McAvoy   Claims
This Is Not Recognition
of Soviet Govt.
(By the Federated Press)
New York—Supremo Court Justice McAvoy has granted the motion of the Russian Soviet government and Ludwig C. A, K. Martens,
its former official envoy to this
country, for an injunction restraining Jacques Roberto Clbrario from
disposing of funds received from
the Soviet government.
By this action, Justice McAvoy
denies that he is according recognition to the Soviet government In un
international sense, but declares
that Clbrario "has recognized tlie
Soviet Republic by his own conduct and his dealing ln and accepting its property."
Charles Recht, counsel and official representative of the Russian
government In this country, said
that the decision was important because It established the right of the
Soviets to bring suits in the courts
of the United States. In his decision, Justice McAvoy declares:
"Tho Soviet Republic sues here
as the proprietor of money and
property, which money and property were acquired by defendant
under direct contract with the representatives of that organization.
Whether the plaintiff be a de facto
government, or a society, colony,
district of people, or a voluntary
association capable of owning and
disposing of money and property,
is not inherently germane to Its
right.to succession to the former
sovereignty of Rusaia, the reception and dispatch of ambassadors,
counsols or other governmental
agents, the power to Issue commissions of military or naval operations which would be recognized
by neutrals or tho possession of
other Indicia of. sovereign power.
The question of its existence as a
prorietor of this monoy and property is one of fact and justifiable
in common courts, unless the claim
be suggested by a recognized authority of the former regime that
the earlier order of government
demands tho fund.   .   .   ."
Clbrario is charged with defrauding the Soviet government of $136,-
000 in the purchase of educational
films. The entire fund which he
hod at his disposal, Mr. Recht said,
amounted t.0 more than $1,000,000.
Japanese Rule in KaUluUln
Reports come from Sakhalin of
the cruelties of the Japanese.
Plundering, violenco and complete
economic standstill force the population to leave the island and to
emigrate to the Amur district.
FOR SALE
320 acres Montana land, $20
per acre.   Terms.
Cash price, $6000, with one-
eighth oil rights.   ■
Might   consider   trade   and
$5000 cash, one-eighth
oil rights.
Address:
M. J. DVORSHAK
2112 ROCKEFELLER AVE.,
EVERETT, AVASII.
Now Aid in Solving' the
Economic Needs of
Country
(Editor's Note: This is No. 15
of the articles Mr. Foster is writing on Russia for The Federated
Press. In lt he discusses the cooperatives and their functions in
tho workers' republic)
By William Z. Foster
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
Moscow.—Tho Russian co-operative movement ls comparatively
new, but Us history has heen a
stormy one, especially aince the
revolution. In its early days, under the caars, it grew very slowly
in the face of strong governmental
suppression. By January 1, 1814,
however, it consisted of some 10,-
000 societies, with about 1,600,000
members. The war gave it a splendid opportunity for growth. The
Increasing cost of living turned the
workers'and peasants toward it in
a mighty stream; and then the economic collapse under the old regime compelled the czar's government to turn over to the co-operatives much of the looal distribution
of foodstuffs, etc. The revolution
still further aided Ub development,
so that by January 1, 1918, it consisted of 26,000 societies with
9.000,000 members. Its activities
covered the widest scope, including
financial, buying, selling, manufacturing, etc. The following table,
stated In roubles, indicates the Increase in tha volume of business
handled:
Capital
Invested     Sales
1S99 „._ 800 31,340
1909            47,822      1,278,611
1913          225,413      7,985,234
1917     10,269,767 212,000,000
The real adventures, however, of
the co-operatives began with the
advent of the Communists to gov
ernmental power. Previous to that
time the latter had paid but little
"attention to the co-operative movement, considering it a petty bourgeois affair, and turning their attention to the fighting organs of
the proletariat; the political party
and the labor unions. But once in
power, the Communists found out
quickly that they had to give the
co-operatives serious consideration. In the flrst place because
they were strongholds of reaction,
dnd In the second because their
elaborate economic machlrrery was
necessary to the state.
Was Reformist
From the beginning of the revo^
lution the co-operative movement
had been distinctly reformist in
tendency. It gave whole-hearted
support to the Kerensky * government and denounced the Commun
ists as "criminal adventurers and
enemies of the people. Nor dia
its attitude chango when the Communists cume-to powor, save perhaps to become one of more determined opposition. Tho co-operative movement turned Its whole
enormous cultural, poUtlcal and
economic force against them and
thetr government. It furthered
every counter-revolutionary revolt;
in later stages even helping to flt
out armies being used against the
government.
For a time the Communist Government treated the reactionary
co-operative with tolerance/Tn the
general confiscation of industry tho
latter's property was rigidly respected. Its privileges were lert
intact. The government sought to
have tho co-operatives turn their
distributive machinery to its disposal, but was met with a refusal.
Hence, the government had to construct a distributive system of its
own. This brought about all sorts
of confusion and duplication. The
attitude of the co-operative movement toward the government was
one of open defiance.
Communists Declare War
Finally tiring of this attitude and
the wholesale sabotage that accomplished lt, the Communists declared war on the Menshevik and
Social revolutionary element heading the co-operatives and proceeded to take charge of their institution so It might be utilized for
.the revolution. This was accomplished through a variety of means.
For one thing the Communists
fought the reactionaries in all the
organizations, gradually weakening
their influence and eventually
breaking their control. Besides
th^ interior light tho government
ordered a number of structural
and functional changes In the cooperatives. The first of the more
Important of these came in April,
1918, when by a decree all the
citlS-ens of Russia were made members of the co-operatives. As an
Inducement they were exempted
from the taxes on purchases made
from private concerns. The old
stockholders ln the co-operatlvea
were reimbursed for their investment, the shareholding system being abolished. In addition, orders
were Issued from time to time
amalgamating the various existing
co-operative organizations into the
Central Union, the old general national organization of co-operatives. The People's Bank was nationalized. The old bureaucratic
reactionaries objected strenuously
to these measures, large numbers
of them resigning in protest; but In
spite of their opposition eventually
the whole co-operative movement
was unified under one national
head.
Becomes Government Organ
Along with this broadening, unification and centralization of the cooperative movement went important functional changes. In the
matter of the manufacture, collection and distribution of monopoly
Articles, which were a minor factor in the prevailing economy, the
HAS RIVAL
Le Matin Emulates Tribune in Publishing
Fake Picture
(By The Federated Press)
Chicago.—The French Big Business press Is running neck and neck
with The Chicago Tribune In publishing fake photographs to delude
its readers on Russian affairs.
Early In August, The Tribune ro-
surrected from its "morgue" a cut
of a Petrograd street during the
July, 1917, rising, and republished
it as a photograph of the Bolsheviki massacreing famine sufferers
In Moscow. Prompt exposure by
The Federated Press of this falsification led to a public apology .by
"The world's greatest newspaper."
A few weeks later Le Martin, the
leading French capitalist daily,
published an alleged picture of
Lenin to accompany a forged letter
attributed to Lenln in which he is
made to say that Communism ls all
a mistake and that he is sick of the
whole business. The letter was
laughed at as fraudulent by B.urt-
sey, Paris leader of the counterrevolutionaries, and the picture
was quickly identified as that of
Landru, French Bluebeard, who is
being hold for the murder of several sweethearts.
Bucharest — Tlnereful Socialist
Writes: Tho government's plan to
re-introduce the death sentence
broke down. Every one knew that
the law wus aimed at Communists
who are now awaiting trial, .but
the moderate bourgeois elements
had a natural anxiety that it would
come useful for them later. Now
the government intends to transfer
the trials to Kishinev,, whore martial law exists, and the opportunity of getting rid of unpleasant opponents is much ensier.
You may wish to help The Fed-
erattonfrt. You eon do so by renewing your subscription promptly and
sending in thc subscription of your
friend or neighbor.
co-operatives preserved their original independence to a great extent; but In the vital mntter of
monopoly articles, especially in
collection and distribution of foodstuffs, etc., they were subject to
rigid state control. Their national
body, the Cetitral Union, was
brought into direct relationship
with the Supreme Economic Council, the Food, Labor, Educational
and other departments. It hnd
representatives upon their national
and local boards and worked in
closest harmony with them: in
fact to a great extent under their
supervision and direction. In many
cases, to avoid duplication of work,
the co-operative movement turned
over much of its operating machinery and many of its functions
to these various departments.
Nominally the movement preserved
Its independence, electing its own
officials, etc., but actually It became an organ of the government.
Now, however, a now turn has
occurred in the evolution of the cooperative movement. The tendency
is to reverse the process of the nationalization of the movement, to
detach lt from the state, and to
grant It the widest independence
and moro elaborate functions than
ever. The immediate reason for
this fundamental change of policy
is the establishment of free trade
in Russia. To help solve the eco
nomic crisis, now bearing upon the
country, the government ha* raised
its iron-clad monopoly on industry
and ls seeking by all practical
means to encourage production
through individual Initiative. In
order to prevent this bringing
about a renaissance of capitalism
lt is-planned to organize the newly
created productive forco into the
co-operative movemont. The aim
is to make.that movement a tremendous machine for the manufacture, collection,and distribution
of products among city and country workers, thus relieving' the
strain upon the state machinery.
It is felt that with its many do-
vices for encouraging Individual
effort that the co-operative movement can do this work more
effectively than tho rigid newly
created governmental mechanism.
Moreover, the passing of the military crisis and the smashing of the
Russian bourgeoisie within has
made it possible to grant greater
freedom of action all around.
Hence, the recent stimulus to the
co-operative movement.
See Weaknesses
The Communists, howover, do
not blink the weaknesses of tho
co-operalives. They know that
they tend to ehcourugc all sorts of
primitive, small prod uction—with
its resultant narrowly selfish point
of view. But the movement has
been cleansed and they are sure
that In its present condition it ean
be trusted. It went into the revolutionary wringer purely petty
bourgeoise In character and loaded
down with the reactionary leaders;
it is coming out proletarian in instinct and manned by revolutionists. The cleansing process wns a
drastic one, but it had to be gone
through with.
The Communists believo that in'
lta purified form the co-operative
movement can be used for solving
the national economic problem. As
before, their chief effort will be directed toward bhe construction of
great state-controlled, large-pro-
duction*industry. They know that
only large scale industries can
meet the people's needs and can
produce true proletarian thought
and activity; only such can make
the revolution safe.
The Russian co-operative movement has begun a new day. What
Its fate will be few here care to
hazard a guess. The situation is
full of uncertainties and unknown
quantities. Its future will be most
instructive to follow and will demonstrate just what role the cooperatives can play ln the. revolutionary movement.
THE LARGEST EXCLUSIVE MEN'S AND BOYS' SHOE STORB
IN THE WEST
Working Shoes
For Men
The Greb
Shoe
is guaranteed all solid leather, black or brown,
made on a foot-form last that insures comfort.
$6.00
CORNETT BROS. & CLARKE
UMITED
The Men's and Boys' Shoe Specialists.
33 HASTINGS STREET EAST
World News in Brief Paragraphs
Sniping and bomb-throwing still
continue In Belfast. Troops are
patrolling the streets and a deal of
excitement exists.
The Halifax, N. S., Labor Party
is holding a convontion on Oct. 4,
for the purpose of. nominating candidates for the coming election.
The Swiss watch industry is going bankrupt. Normally' employing
13G,000 men and women, lt now
employe on part timo, about 30,-
000.'
In spite of the action of .the
Trades Congress of Canada, the
Halifax, N. S., Trades and Labor
Council. has decided to retain the
affiliation of the Canadian Brotherhood of Railway Employees.
The "Winnipeg O. B.U. Tailors
have won thoir strike, and have
successfully resisted a 10 per cent,
reduction in wages. The new agreement Is exactly the same as last
year's, with the exception of a 6
por cent, reduction.
Frankfort, Germany—Tho plant
of the Hoechst Dye Works, which
was closed last week, owing, as the
management announced, to unreasonable wage demands, has been
seized by tho locked-out workmen,
who are carrying on operations.
Dance Saturday
Don't forget the dunce on Sat'
urday night in the Pender Hall,
corner of Pender and Howe streets,
Oood music, a fine floor and every
accommodation. Admission, genii
50c, Indus 2Gc.
Stettin, Germany—The German
police on July 24 arrested W. P.
Dunn, editor, the Butte (Mont.),
Bulletin, on a charge of travelling
without passports. On entering the
Jail Dunn wrote to his paper asking
for $300,
Pittsburg, Pa. — Despite the recent announcement of the Department of Labor that tho cost of living has increased, the Bethlehem
Steel Co. has reduced wages for
common labor a further 8 per cent.
Wages are now where they were
on May 1, 1917.
Butte, Mont.—The Bulletin sent
W. P. Dunn $300 by cable as soon
as word was~had from him that the
■Gorman police in Stettin were holding him, but havo no response from
him, although several cables followed the original message.
The Standard Otl has acquired
tho oil refineries of San Abba, near
Trieste, which before the war were
operated with oil from Galicia and
Baku. This supports the statement
recontly made that Standard Oil
was prepared to extend $250,000,-
000 to the Soviet government of
Russia.
Chicago—The Federated Press
has cabled to Stettin, Germany, for
information regarding the safety
and whereabouts of W. F, Dunn,
editor, the Butte Bulletin, from
whom there lias been no word
since his arrest there July 24 on a
ROB KOY
HOTEL
57 CORDOVA ST. W.
Comfortable Mid Modern
Priced Iteasonablo
-MRS. H. WRIGHT, Prop.
Seymour 778(1-0
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
_8'/j CORDOVA HAST .
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonnblo
charge of travelling without a pass,
port.
A press announcement was made
In tho German newspapers that J.
P. Morgan was meeting with
Stlnnes. Immediately the shares of
the Stinnes' undertaking arose
from 10 to 26 points. It was found
aftersyard that tho announcement
wns not truo. But the stockbrokers reaped big profits, despite th»
false Information given out.
SHINGLE MILL STRIKE
IS NOW SETTLED
Chinese   Workers Stay nt   Home
Until Boss Seuds for Tiiem
To Go To Work
The Shingle Mill strike In the
New Westminster district is settled.
The men have returned to work at
the old rate of wages. A correspondent writing from Westminster,
a member of the whito race, requests that honor be given where
honor is due, and says: '*It was tho
Mo I-lings and the Sam Fats that
won the striko; the picketing
being of the peaceful type as the
chinamen just stayed at home until
the employers sent for them, and
as they already knew thc price the
conference which ensued was by no
means prolonged."
Food Purchases
Up till July 31 the Soviet government bought food to the value
of sixteen million gold roubles ln
England1.
What   about   your   nelghbor'i
subscription?
H. Walton
PKOFESSIONAL MASSEUR
KppeiHliat   in   Electrical   Treatments,
Viol, t   Kay and High Frequency for 1_
Rheumatism, Sciatica, Lumbago, Far* tl
(-lysis, Hair   and   Scalp   Treatments,
Chronic  Ailments.
310-311 CARTER-COTTON BX_D0.
Phone Seymour 2048
108 Hutings Street West
Dental Plates]
a Specialty
Orowne, Bridges ud Fillings malt I
tbe sane shed. 11 yonr natural '
teem.
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Dental Art Establishment f
fif_R GRANVILLE STREE. I
QUO Corner Robson I
Over Owl Droit Store.   Soy. B2_t]
FEDERATIONIST READERS
are accorded the special privilege of '
5% DISCOUNT
upon all their purchases af this store. They need only to
show this advertisement after making their purchase and 5
per cent, will he allowed them off the amount of. their bill.
This store carries the Finest and Smartest FALL STYLES
In SUITS, COATS, DRESSES and SKIRTS. Everything the
latest and most up to date. We have only opened here a few
weeks back with an immense stock brought direct from the
Bnoot Fashion Centres of this Continent. We have not got
a single old model in stock. Having' purchased when the
market was at Its lowest we are able to sell this superlatively
fine merchandise at extremely
LOW PRICES
PARISIAN
CLOAK AND SUIT CO.
405 HASTINGS STREET WEST

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