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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 22, 1921

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$2.50 PER YEAR
Monster Parade and Demonstration Is
Every Labor* Organization Has Been Asked
to Take Part
Qeorge Armstrong, loeiallat M.
LA. of Winnipeg, Is expected to
be one ot the speakers at tha May
Day demonstration which I* to Be
held on Bunday, May 1, at the
Cambie itreet grounds. All labor
organisations ln Vancouver and
Kew Westminster have been invited to join in the parade and
na_B meeting, and tt ls expected
lhat there will be a large turn out,
Every organization In the two
titles has been asked to send
delegates to the committee that
ban the arrangement* Jn hand,
and as May Day la acknowledged
Ihe world over as the Workers'
Labor Day, It ls expected that
■ nlons Irrespective ot their affllla-
Hon will get together and show a
Ipirlt of class soldarlty which will
be greater than has ever been . een
In the city of Vancouver.
A number of speakers will be
in hand to speak at the moss
ueeting on Cambie Street grounds,
tnd the parade will start as usual,
fuller details wilt be given next
Chase Rivor Assists
The Chase River Finnish work-
ire held a dance on April 16, ln
lid of The Federatlonist and the
Maintenance fund ls enriched to
the extent of 130.60 as a result.
Triple Alliance Not Yet
in With the
The rail and transport etrlke
timed for last Friday haa been
abandoned. The locked-out miners
Will continue the struggle. This
sudden turn ln events is attributed
to the apeech of Frank Hodges,
lecretary of the Miners' Federation, to Coalition members of Parliament on Thursday night last.
Hi. Is reported to have said that
the miners were witling to accept
district rateB temporarily, pending
a final settlement along the line of
national wage board and a na-
| tlonal pool.   The premier propoaed
1 the re-opening of negotiations, but
| the miners' executivo stood to the
original attitude on the question of
I principle.   The railway  men  and
L transport workers, however, took
[ tbe view the miners should accept
| the premier's proposal to go into
i conference without the prior eon-
I cession of national agreements. The
I miners refused to do this and the
I rail and transport strike was called
"We cannot believe that one mla-
I understanding could have stopped
I the strike," says the Dally Herald,
I "If the whole movement had been
■ really solid in organisation as well
Im in sympathy.   What we need Is
■ new machinery and a new spirit.
iThe Triple Alliance, the Trades
[Union Congress and the general
I staff have failed.
"We must start afresh with ma-
lohlnery that will function. The
Iflrst thing we have to do le to see
■that the miners, who are fighting
ton, are helped one way or the
■ether. The movement muat pro-
Ivido funds to keep them going
(until they win out."
A national conference of miners
III being hcl.d today. Newa despatches say that the South Wales
llelegates, representing 200,000
Imlners, have been Instructed to
litand solid for a national pool.
[itlH Serving Sentences for Infractions of Military Law—Many
Doing: Ten Yean
Milwaukee — William    Madison
.licks,   writing to   the  Milwaukee
trader, from Leavenworth, where
pe ia serving a 10-year sentence as
political prisoner, suggests that
nnesty for soldiers Imprisoned for
nfractions of military law during
he war be demanded as well as
|or Debs and all political prison-
He aays there are nearly 600
loldlors ln the Kansas federal penitentiary.
F. L P. Will Have Two
Speakers on
On Saturday, April 30, the Federated Labor Party will hold a
rally In the I. O. O. F. hall, near
Main street. This date has been
chosen, due to Its proximity ta
Mey Day, and as this day will be
celebrated the world over by the
workers, all' members and friends
are Invited to attend the rally. Admission will be, genu 80c, ladiea
26c. Tickets, which have been
sold for the Hall fund, will admit
two men or one man and two ladles. On Sunday night, April 24,
the speakers at the Columbia theatre will be Mrs. Corse and A. Mclnnis. Comrade Mclnnis Is the
party's nominee for sohool trustee, The addresses will be on the
subject of education ln the city
Unemployed Make Suggestion for Relieving
the Situation
The unemployed meeting, held
on tho Camblle street grounds last
Sunday, waB well attended. J. G.
Smith was elected chairman. The
Workers Counoil reported that a
special committee had been ap
pointed to take up the question of
old clothes, which wore alleged to
have been turned in to the relief
department and later Bold.
The chairman announced that a
parade and demonstration of all
workers would be held on Sunday,
May 1, Labor's own International
Labor Day. In making the an
nouncement, the chairman pointed
out that all workers, Irrespective
of their affiliations, were urged to
join in the parade. Referring to
the press reports of the meeting
held the week before, he pointed
out that every newspaper report
had misrepresented the happen
Ings, and he urged the reporters to
come close up so that they eould
get a proper report, and stated "no
one will hurt you lf you come
where you can hear."
Referring to the number of police officials at the last meeting,
he stated those that wished for order- would keep it, and those that
wished for disorder would make
References were made by the
speakers to the paper which Is being published or edited by Mr. Mc
Ilveen, and one returned soldier
suggested that the editor should
be censured for the carrlcature of
the King that appeared on the
front page,
A Mr, Armlshaw brought up the
question of making Vancouver a
free port, which he claimed would
allow freo entry of the Orientals,
and he urged the meeting to protest against it. The meeting, however, did not pass any opinion on
the question, taking the position
that It wos none of the -Workers'
The chairman suggested that as
a means to relieve the unemployed
situation, the employers should
start two shifts,-in other words, to
have one gang ono week and an
other gang the following week. A
motion was made that as the city
schools had asked for suggestions
for relieving the situation, that the
Workers Council place the matter
before that body, and those that
are employed support the proposal
ln their organizations. A little discussion arose over the motion, one
speaker suggesting that those that
were working steady did not get
enough to live on, while another
suggested that lf the onea steadily
employed had a Uttle breathing
space, they would be able to think.
The motion carried with a few
dissenting voices.
Comrades Blasett, Wells and
Kavanagh spoke briefly on the situation as affecting the working
class In all parta of the world. A
meeting lf the C. N. U. X. was held
at the close of the meeting, when
sixteen new membera were secured.
A parade and meeting will be held
on Sunday next.
South Vancouver Women
Tho regular meeting of the Women's Working League of South
Vancouver, will be held at the unemployed committee.rooms, corner
Forty-fifth and Fraaer, at 8 p.m.,
Monday, April 25. Business of
special Importance will be brought
forward. All members are requested to attend, and a special Invitation is extended to any visitor and
Intending member.
Help the Fed, by helping our
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAV—Irish Self-Determination Lengue.
WEDNESDAY—General Workers.
THURSDAY—Workers' Council.
FRIDAY—Federationist Dance, 9 to 1.
SATURDAY—Dance 9 to 12.
The Federationist Faces the Facts
And Takes Up the Challenge Anew
T^ ACTS are stubborn tbings to deal with. The direc-
*• tors of the B. C. Federationist We been up against
«everal during the past year, and the greatest of these
have been the increasing oost of material and fairly general attempt by big business to put the Federationist out
of business. Dame rumor has it that at least "tine employers' association bas gone on record pledging the
members of that organization not to advertise in the
workers' paper under penalty of a fine.
The price of paper also went up to a considerable
extent, in fact, the increase in the cost of production due
to this increase amounted to $120 per week, a consider-
able amount for a paper of the size of the Federationist,
and a strain that has been responsible for the appeal that
has been made for funds to enable the Federationist to
oarry on.
The directors, realizing that certain interests who have,
in the past, by advertising, contributed tp tbe education
of the working olass, and making it possible for the management to pay tbe bills, have now decided to make that
contribution no longer, are compelled at all costs to see
.that the paper remains in existence. As an indication of
the extent of the loss in revenue from advertising, a few
figures would not be amiss. During the year 1919 and
part of 1920 the Federationist carried about $520 worth
of advertising per week, whioh took up close to four
pages of space. This has been reduced nearly one-half,
in fact, to less than $300 per week.
As already stated, faots are stubborn things, and the
above instances will give an indication of the difficulties
that have had to be faced in the past year, and the directors, being in favor of safety first, in bo far as the publishing of a working-class paper that will publish the
truth as to the position of the working class, is concerned,
have decided that from now on, until the workers pay for
•n eight-page paper, the Federationist will be four pages.
. The policy will not be changed. The paper will at all
times hey to the line, let the chips fall where they will,
'fnd the position of the working clasa will be given just
as much prominence as it has in the past. On that question there will be NO COMPROMISE. The polioy of this
paper is not for sale. There is not enough money in the
eountry to buy it. The only reason for its existence is
the class struggle that is going on in society, and' the
Workers' necessity which arises out of that struggle.
The mission ofthe Federationist is to expose the basis
of that struggle, which is human slavery under the guise
of the wage system, and to educate the workers to the
position that they hold in modern society. For this reason
ind that alone the directors have decided that it. is better
to have a paper, even though it be small, than to jeopardize the interests of the workers by bowing the knee to
capitalistic interests. We ask for the continued support
at those in whose interests it is published, and will guarantee that none but their interests will be catered to in
the pages of the B. C. Federationist. The challenge has,
been made. We accept it, and will carry on until the
workers achieve, their historic mission, which is to free
humanity from human slavery.
i .linn in in iiiitmiiiiii'i
Appointment of Catholic
Unionist as Lord
One of the most stupid blunders
of the British Government in Ireland ls the appointment, as Lord-
Lieutenant, of an English Catholic
Unionist, Lord Edmund Talbot. One
of the Howards who have been
Buch bitter opponents of Irish free
dom, Lord Edmund Is not likely
to win Irish Catholic sympathy beeause of his religious faith. The
failure of Lloyd George to under
stand the psychology of the Irish
Catholic Nationalist is as stupid
and short-sighted as his failure to
appreciate the fact that Irishmen
do not take kindly tto the Idea that
they were expected to submit to
the insolent swaggerings of a Chief
Secretary who'was heralded as a
Canadian Cromwell.—The Statesman.
O. B.
U. Social Function
Is Success of
The concert and dance held in
the O. B. U. hall on Wednesday,
which was arranged by the
Women's Auxiliary of the O. B. U.,
was one of the most, if not the
most successful social event of the
season. From the very commencement of tho concert programme
those present had a good time. The
refreshments were excellent, the
good things to eat provided by the
ladiea demonstrated that the women folks know how to provide foodstuffs of thc best kind lf they can
only get the material to do it with.
And the coffee—well, it was like
mother used to make.
After an excellent programme of
songs and recitations, the light fantastic was indulged In until 1 a.m.
The original programme provided
for dancing until 12 o'clock, but
when Fellow Worker Smith announced that It would not close
until 1 a.m. he was the most popular individual around the hnll, and
those present showed their appreciation with a round of applause
that made those who had not heard
the announcement wonder just
what had happened.
The members of the Women's
Auxiliary are to be congratulated
on their efforts. They carried out
the entire arrangements alone and
no mere man was In the scene at
al), and they once again demonstrated that there is no differences
between the sexes when it comes
down to work, as was demonstrated
during the war,
The following contributed to a
^oat enjoyable evening, which
everybody concluded was onc of
the most enjoyable affairs that hns
taken place ln working class circles
for many a day. Ladies, you are
IT. Songs, M. J. Stapleton, Mr.
Gilbert, Mrs. Lewis; recitation,
Mrs. Horsburgh; so4&, Mr. Woods;
song, Mr. McCurragh; song, Mrs.
Gibson; recitation, Mr. Balrd; song,
Mrs, Martin.
Members o£ Local Union 213,
I. B. E. W., are still on strike
against tho electrical contractors of
the B. C. Electric Railwny. No
change in thc situation.
Makes Offer to U. S. to
Exchange American
for Larkin
Moscow — The Russian Soviet
government has offered to exchange
the American, Captain Kirkpatrick,
who is now in an internment camp,
for Jim Larkin.
Jim Larkin, who is now In Sing
Sing penitentiary, serving a sentence of Ave to ten years, was the
founder of the Irish citizens army,
which James Connoly commanded
during the Irish revolution of 1916.
Larkin was arrested in January,
1920, charged with an offense
against the "criminal anarchy" law
of the state of New York. At his
trial, the presiding Judge, Judge
Weeks, stated that he would move
for the disbarment of any lawyer
who defended him. Larkin, ln order not to embarrass his counsel,
conducted his own defense. He
Was found guilty.
Larkin, besides toundln g the
Irish citizens' army, also founded
the Irish Transport and General
Workers Union. Due to his immense popularity with the Irish
working class, the British passed
an order-in-council calling for his
execution if he was found within
the confines of the British Empire.
Russia is the only government
which has recognized the Irish
One dollar and fifty cents Is the
cost for a six months subscription
to the Federationist.
City Elections Create Bitter Feeling Between Opponents-
Many Wounded
Berlin—A telegram to the Rote
Fahne, announcing that the Communists of Philllppolls, the second
city of Bulgaria, succeeded in winning flrst place at the recent municipal elections.
The elections were characterized
by repeated acts ot violence, on the
part of tho anti-Communlsti. Communist speakers were wounded and
In many cases crippled. Despite
"unheard terrorism," they obtained
3228 votes and 11 aldermen, against
2528 votes and eight aldermen for
the bourgeois liberals, and 513
votes and one alderman for the Socialists,
Int. Paper Co. Has Served
Notice of Wage
The paper manufacturers of
America, chief of which la the
International Paper Clmpany, better known as the Paper Trust,
served notice upon their employes
of a proposal to go into effect on
May l, with the following Items:
Mine-hour day.
Discontinuance  of  overtime.
(Thirty   per   cent,   waige   roduc
Now, while almost every other
Industry ts couip iming of hard
times ,and sb far at least as their
annual reports show, thsy have
hail heavy losses, conies Ihe annual report of thc Liter national
Paper Company, showing tho largest earnings in its history.
ItB profits, according to Its own
figures, for 1920, were 162.07 a
share on its $19,850,264 outstanding oommon stock, as against
$13.20 a share on Its oommon stock
the preceding year.
Officials of the various unions
concerned ln the proposed new
wage and hour schedule, however,
have not wailed for the report.
They unanimously rejected the
proposal Thereupon a man ln a
position to know said the manu-
factuiers "would rather close down
than, attempt to operate under the
Labor conditions that have prevailed ln the industry for the last
few years."
This also applies to the Powell
ItlVer Company's employees.
Longshoremen Do Tlieir Bit
The Vancouver local of International Longshoremen and Stevedores, has donated the sum of $200
towards the Fedorationist Maintenance Fund. This is the largest donation from any local union.
Belgian Employers Tightening the
Screws on Labor—Slowing
Down Industry
Brussels—"We are at the beginning and not at thc end of the industrial crisis In Belgium, and we
workmen will have a hard struggle ahead of us to keep the gains
w« have made. We hoped that employers had finally decided to give
Labor its proper place In industry.
Now wc flnd them profiting by the
slow-down of works to tighten thc
•dfrews again on Labor."
Tims spoke Cornelius Mertens,
hVad of the Belgium Federation of
Labor, In the course of an interview in the People's House In
When there Is a flght on the man
who gets in and digs is the onc that
we Uke. Get ln now and dig, by
patronizing The Federatlonist advertisers.
Lindsay Crawford
will address meeting's at
DOMINION HALL, FRIDAY, April 22, 8 p.m.
HAMILTON HALL, SATURDAY, April 23,' 8 p.m.
COLONIAL THEATRE, SUNDAY, April 24, 8.16 p.m.
attacks s.D.L
Tries to Prevent Meetings
of League—Uses
Threats   v .
The action of the.mayor of Winnipeg, In seeking by underhand
methods to prevent a meeting of
the Self-Determination League ln
that olty raises a very serious question as to tho jurisdiction of the
mayor In such matters, and also ae
to the conduct of the police. Unable to prohibit the meeting, steps
were taken to achieve the same end
by threats to the owners ot theatres
and halls. ThingB have oomo to a
serious pass in Winnipeg when the
Orangemen and the Sons of England can control the mayor and
chief of police. In defiance of these
forces of law and order the president of the S. D. L. addressed a
meeting In the city.—The Toronto
U. S. Supreme Com t Has
Upheld Sentences of
Lower Court
Washington —"Big Bill" Hay-
wood and 71 Industrial WorkerB
of the World leaders, oonvlcted In
Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis'
oourt ln Chicago for violations ot
the espionage and selective draft
acts, must serve their sentences,
and pay the lines assessed them,
aa the result of an, order of the
supreme court. The sentences
range from one to. ten years.
The supreme court held that the
convicted men had- received fair
trials In the lower court, and that
their attorneys had presented no
reasons sufflclent to justify a rehearing.
Press dispatches state that Ray-
wood haa escaped to Russia, and
has already landed at Riga.
Soviet   Russia   Releases
Poland from Imperial Debt
(By the Federated Press)
Moscow—(By Mall)—The peace
treaty between Poland on the one
hand, and Bussia and Ukraine on
the other, has been signed here.
Both sides guarantee noninterference In each other's Internal affafrn,
and obligate themselves not to support directly or indirectly hostile
Intervention. Under the terms, amnesty to citizens of the other side
In each country Is granted.
Russia and Ukraine will return
'cultural yatuables' 'taken from
Poland at the time of Poland's partition In 1722, and they also agree
to pay 80,000,000 roubles to Poland
tn consideration of the tatter's participation In the economic development of Russia. Poland ts ulso released from the obligations of paying back the former Imperial debt.
Until the signing of consular,
rnihvay, sanitary and trade agreements, both parties grant the other
the right of free transit of goods.
Diplomatic relations will be established Immediately upon ratification of the treaty, scheduled to
take place April 20.
The signing of the Pollsh-Rus-
sla-Ukralne treaty marks a woek
of diplomatic achievements for
Russia. In the same woek the
Kronstadt mutiny was suppressed,
thc trade agreement between Russia and Great Britain signed, the
Rusninn government representative
arrived in Italy and Rumanian
delegates left to take part In a
treuty conference,
A^Word to Corrcfl]H)Mlcnt..
Many letters are received by The
Federatlonist which cannot be
published for one of two reasons.
Tho worst of those being thoir
length, and which precludes their
publication. Other letters are so
badly written, that It Is Impossible
to decipher them. Will correspondents please write briefly, plainly
and only on one side of the paper,
by so doing they will have a chance
of having thoir letters published.
Pritchard Received Great
Reception LaBt
Much Interest was shown in the
meeting held by the Socialist Party
of Canada, at the Empress lost
Bunday night. Before 8 o'clock arrived, every available seat In the
theatre was occupied, and when
the speakers came out on the platform they were greeted with a
great burst of applause. After the
ohalrman hod made the usual announcements, also reminding the
audience that the collection was to
be given to Pritchard, the flrst
speaker of the evening, J. Harrington, waa called upon. In opening
his address he pointed out that In
present-day society, . the non-
producing class were ln possession
of power. The element among the
working class, who were opposed
to this arrangement, took upon
themselves the character of agitators or kickers, ln the opinion of
the majority. History as presented
In the school books, was chiefly
taken up with character sketches
of kings and queens, their quarrels
and court Intrigues. They tolled
not, neither did they spin, but power and privilege was theirs to use
•nd enjoy. How did they obtain
lt? The great chieftains of barbarism were men who had a superabundance of those qualities possessed by all men in that age:
courage, strength, agility. Chosen
by the warriors, and hoisted upon
their shields, the barbarian chief
was looked upon as a natural king.
Tho term "king" comes from
"can"—can do—and signified the
man could do the things required
of him; for In that age, a king led
hla warriors In battle, nnd fought
ln the thick of the flght. Going
Into further detail, the spoaker
showed how the Franklsh tribes In
the sixth century bore allegiance
toward two kings of different character and function. In Franklsh
life, one who was known as the
mayor ot the palace had power,
and was regarded as actual king.
The hereditary king was king in
name only; and In any phase of
Human affairs, where conquest Ib
the normal state of procuring food
and shelter, a nominal and a
natural chief are found to exist.
The actions of the mayor of the
palace were usually given formal
sanction by the warrior chief. The
development from barbarism to the
absolute monarchy of early capitalism, through mercantile domination, to the constitutional monarchy of Industrial domination,
which again gave way to parliamentary government proper, was
eketched; and evidence was advanced to demonstrate that even
this form had given way to control
of all governmental power by large
Industrial and flnanclal groups,
outside of, but through the medium
of parliament. In due courso the
working class became the sole producers and protectors of wealth.
And history shows that all social
classes who have possessed power
uklmately have used It In their
own interest.
After the collection had bcen
taken up, Comrade Prltchard wus
called upon. Though not fully recovered from the recent Illness, his
address was marked with the same
vivacity und directness which has
made him so popular with the progressive element among the workers during the past few years. Lack
of space forbids a full report of
the talk, but from the commence
ment to the close, with bright
humor and quiet earnestness, v It
was followed with keen attention.
Referring to thc previous remarks,
(Comlnuod en page 4)
Russell and Johns Will
Jour the Entire
Vancouver Workers Will
Hear How-Movement
Th* O. B. U. campaign which the
general executive board has started
Is now well under way. Bob Russell and Dick Johns are now on
the road and on their way west,
taking ln such plaees as Dauphin,
Man., Kamsack, Melville, Reglna,
Saskatoon and Moose Jaw. After
these places have been visited by
one or both of them, they will proceed further west and will eventually arrive on the coast, lt Is realised that at many points there are
a number of workerB who are In
Bympathy with the O. B. U. movement, and no doubt they would like
to hear more about It They can
do so If they will write to. Tom
Mace, general secretary of 'the
O. B. U., Room 7 Strang Block,
Main Street, Winnipeg.
In the very near future both
Russell and Johns will be In Vancouver, and lt ls expecte.d that the
local organization will arrange
mass meetings so that the workers
can hear them and gather some
Idea ae to how the movement ts
ln the country generally, and
especially in Winnipeg, where the
O; B. C. movevment is growing-
stronger dally In spite of slush
funds and other means that have
been taken by the employers and
those who have accepted tbe help
of the employers to break the
Change Meeting Night to
Attend the Fed.
There will be no meeting of the
Junior Labor League next Friday
night, April 29, the members having voted to change the regular
run of the meetings In order to
support the dance for The Federatlonist being held that night. The
monthly business meeting, therefore, will be held tonight, April
22, at 642 Tenth avenue east, at
8:30 prompt. Comrade J, S. Woods-
worth's class will meet at 7:80 p.
m. at the same place.
, The league Is slowly but steadily adding to Its numbers and will
shortly begin a more active campaign for new members, One of
the alms of young peoplo this Bummer is to establish a summer camp
for the young laborltes of Vancouver and district, and plans are being made to that end.
Many of the older men and women In the working class movement, thlugh they themselves
spread "the gospel of discontent"
among their fellow workers, evidently do not realize the serious
consequence^ to the movement If
they permit their families to mix
with and absorb a ruling class
viewpoint beforc being Instructed
ln the working class philosophy.
Mrs. Rose Henderson summed it
up truly when she said, "Working
men and women, your children are
growing up to be your enemies,
and enemies of your ideals." The
next few years will see a need for
yout* boy and your girl In the movement. Oet your family to mix with
young people who are thinking now
as you yourself never thought until considerably older.
Victors  and  Vanquished Suffering
Over Snme Complnints of
Capita I (hi Society
Berlin—Tho workers of Germany want work, not charity. This
they declare ynphatleally in a memorial upon the subject of unemployment addressed to tho government by the Freie Gewerkschaf-
ten, the leading German Federation of Labor, corresponding to our
A. F. of L. and having a membership of 8,000,000.
At present thero are nt leaat 1,-
000,000 unemployed In Germany,
according to the best figures available. This army of potential workers lies idle, while throughout tho
land there is a cry for greater production, They receive a pittance
of an unemployment dole that Is
not enough to live on.
Hand your neighbor thla cojiy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for n subscription,
N-l'<"t-'l"l"l"l'.|i *****
Whist Drive and Dance
In Aid of The Federationist Maintenance Fund
Pender Hall
Friday, April 29th, 1921
WHIST 8 to 10 DANCING 9 to 1
Oents SOc
Ladies 25c
_.■•««-•» a-a-*»na-a*4 [THE B.C. FEDERATIONIST
Published erery Friday morning hy Tkt B, Ok
Federationist, Limited
A. & WBLLS.......
Offlce:   Hoom 1, Victoria Block, 942 Pender
Street West
Telephone Seymour 8871
Bubscribtion Bates: United State* and Foreign,
$3.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per year, $1.60
for six months; to Unions subscribing in A
body, 16c per member per month.
Unity of Labor: The Hope of the World
..April   22, 1921
HOPE SPRINGS eternal in the human breast, and especially in that
part of a slave's anatomy. Those that
are out of work- hope that they will got
a job.   Those that have a job hope they
will not lot* their hold
NO HOPE on   the   meal   ticket.
IN Others ara hoping that
HOPS things will brighten up,
and that next winter
will be better than the one that is just
past. In fact, the slave is the most optimistic animal that exists today, and
he has lot; of mental mentors who endeavor to oultivate that spirit of optimism that will prevent him from becoming one of those pesky Socialists.
Peculiar as it may seem, the workeri
are always filled with hope at the beginning of spring, they are liko lovelorn individuals that feel the lure of the
springtime, whioh is full ofthe blossoms
of trees and the certainty that nature
will again bring forth her bounteous
* * *
Hope deferred, however, maketh the
heart sick. Unrealized dreams of well-
filled larders and plenty of the necessities of life, do not fill empty stomachs
or put clothes on the backs of the
children, and even though the winter of
their discontent be past, the dreams of
the good times in the spring have been
blighted as blossoms in a frost, for jobs
are not becoming more plentiful, neither
are there signs that they will be aa
plentiful as blackberries in the summertime. Hence the discontent is growing
as the season advances. Our leaders_ of
industry are, however, cheerfully optimistic, that is when they give their views
in the press as to business prospects,
but what their real feelings are, we oan
only guess, as even in the business world
things are not "pioking up."
* * *
No doubt we could at this time earn
a reputation for cheerfulness, and at the
same time give comfort in the shape of
platitudinous utterances, were we to inform our readers that the worst is over,
and that we shall soon be back to normalcy. We prefer, however, to give the
truth of the situation in spite of the faot
that we shall be designated by the business element as destructive, and having
no constructive policy. If we remember
correctly, prior to the war, there wa
great industrial depression. Thousands
of workers were idle—there were no
jobs. This, however, waa a somewhat
normal condition, not only in this country, but in every country where capitalism iB the prevailing system. The premier of this country has stated that
about 80,000 idle workers is a normal
condition in Canada. That is surely
something that will inspire hope in the
breasts of workers who have been idle'
already for many months. So a return
to normalcy will not .help. Other representatives of the ruling elass, and we
are sorry to say also members of the
working class, have mado assertions to
the effect that something can and will
be done to make conditions better under the present syBtem.
« * »
Eight here is where we become destructive. Destructive of the hopes held
by many that there is something better
hi store for the workers under capitalism, for without unemployment, the present system cannot be carried on. If all
workers wore employed, and there were
no idle workers—an inconceivable condition under capitalism—they would feel
their power, and would demand more
and more until they received the full
product of thcir toil, and where would
our poor masters, who live on the exploitation of a wage class, be then? In
fact, with all their wisdom, with all
their business acumen, the present ruling olass cannot do any^better than it
is doing, for while the members of the
employing class are also hopeful, they
are at thcir wit's end as to how to Wop
things going so that the discontented
and hungry slaves will not get out of
hand. They realize their helplessness,
but still hope, and as long as slaves
hope, they will continue to be unemployed. What they need to do, and will
have to do, is to bring to an end, the
system that fill* them with hope and
gives them short measure at the eating
ond, and plenty to their masters. The
moral is that hoping will not bring
emancipation to the workers, it will will
need brains and understanding to do
that, hence the workers had better quit
hoping and begin thinking.
stand the test. Not, however, because, as the press has stated, thc rank
and file was weak, but because of the
actions of the executive officers. From
this distance, it would
THE FAILURE appear that Frank
OF Hodges cast the mon-
REAOTIONARIES key wrench into thc
machinery. He it wbb
who changed the entire aspect of -the
situation when he proposed a new conference on a new basis. What pressure
ho had brought to bear on him by the
other officials of thc Triple Alliance, is
not known here at tliis timo, but no
doubt it was considerable.   Yet the fact
remains that the rank and flle of the
miners turned down his proposal, and
this waa used, by those that wen weak,
aa a reason for the calling off of tha
general strike.
* * *
Figures from Oreat Britain indicate
that the railroad workers voted nearly
a hundred per cent, for the general
strike in support of the miners. The
exact per centage waa 98, and if there
was a weak spot, it was in the transport
workers. No excuse, however, oan be
accepted for the betrayal of tha miners.
The Daily Herald pointed out on the
eve of the lockout that it was a working class struggle, and not a miners'
fight. The Transport workers and the
Railwaymen were all faced with the very
evident possibility of a similar situation.
As the Glasgow Worker, summing up
the situation said, "Heroic resistance or
cowardly submission were the alternatives." Evidently submission was chosen
by those that had control of the machinery of the Triple Alliance.
* » »
Just what faced the miners, is indicated by figures given by the Daily Herald. Taking the pound sterling, and
comparing its purchasing power in 1914,
and at the present time, the Herald
points out that the miners in South
Wales would receive in wages on a prewar standard, colliers, £1 2s and 2d. per
week, when they were working full time,
which is by no meana regularly. Other
districts showed even worse conditions,
if the wage cuts were accepted. Some
interesting information can also be gathered from the study of the profits of the
mine owners. In 1913 the profits were
£13,100,000. In 1920 they had inoreased
to £39,000,000. The influx of German
coal in payment of the indemnity was,
however, cutting into the mineowners'
profits, consequently they saw that the
only chanoe they had to compete, was to
bring down the miners' wages to the
level of these paid in Germany, and to
do this, it was necessary to split the
miners' organization into pieces, by the
abolition of the national agreements and
the establishment of district wage boards,
and the miners saw the danger and accepted the challenge,
No greater evidence of the failure of
the Federation form of workers' organization has ever been seen, than the failure of the Triple Alliance to aot on a
class basis in the time of a great struggle which waa not entirely of an industrial character, but was largely political,
and brought about by the economic effects of political actions of the British
Government, and its allies. Stories of
selling out on the part of the miners'
leaders have already been circulated.
We, however, are not inclined to think
that money changed hands in th* betrayal of the British workers, but consider that the lack of understanding on
the part of the officials of ths Triple
Alliance had more to do with it than
cash. Without an understanding of the
working class position, and with a bourgeoise viewpoint of political action, the
reactionary officials have defeated the
British workers. The government could
never have done what they did. Their
political ambitions were also a great factor. Political power after the next election was more to them than the interests
of the men they were supposed to nerve.
But the fact remains that the leaders
of the-miners, railroad and transport
workers betrayed the men who pay thoir
salaries. That the lesson will be learnt
by the workers of the Old Land there
can be no doubt.
# • •
Not only is the British situation an
object lesson to the workers of the Old
Land, but it should be a guide for thc
workers of this continent. The workers
must control their organizations. Officials must be servants, not masters. The
workers' organizations must be built
on class lines, with ns few divisions as possible, so that in the
event of a struggle such as the miners
have faced, the workers can aot as a
class and not in sections. But the outstanding lcss.in to be learnt is that the
workers must themselves act and refuse
to be hampered in their struggles by reactionaries who have no knowledge of
of the position that the workers hold
in society. The bitter experience that
the British workers have passod
through during the past two weeks
will result in new methods, and now
officials. The reactionaries have been
found weak in a time of stress, and
they will be relegated to the background and men, who while derided by,
the ruling class, because of their understanding, will take control into thcir
own hands. Those that the employing
class eulogizes are of no value to the
working class, and they must and will
be eliminated. The struggle is on, and
there ia no plaoe for weaklings.
LAW AND ORDER are supposed to be
worshipped by our city authorities.
In fact, when there is any labor trouble in
the eity, we are told by every peanut-
minded politician that law and order will
be upheld even though
A QUESTION the heavens fall, and
OF LAW statements to this effect
AND ORDEE     are usually made when
there is no disturbance,
or even any attempt to violate the lows.
For some littlo time the workers of this
city have met to discuss the unemployed
situation and law and order have been
maintained. At these meetings men have
pointed out that the authorities are unable to cope with the situation and hnve
explained wiiy men are unemployed. To
many this is seditious. In fact anything
that is said against the present order is
seditious to this addlepatcd crowd who
neither know anything, or have the ability to understand the situation that faces
the people, not only of this country, but
of the entire world.'
. . a
One of these individuals wrote a letter
to the Sun. After suggesting that, tjjose
who attended the Cambie Street, moeting
last Snnday were mostly those who Had
tried to evade military sen-ice in )he lbte
war. Although there were more rotairliod
soldier buttons in the orowd than line
would oxpeot to find at an unemployed
meeting, after a war to mak* th'e world
safe for democracy had been won, thla
individual makes the following suggestion: »i: ,,,
"Surely there are enough loyal teturn-
ed men to form a vigilante society,1 to
suppress by force, if necessary,-. Sflph
manifestations of disloyalty."    irti  «
We may not understand the English
language, but if there ever was a suggestion to violate law and order and to incite to violence, then it is contained in
the above passage. Others have written
in similar strain to the press, and their
letters have been published. But the authorities do nothing. They allow men
who cry for law and order when labor is
at grips with the employers, to openly incite to violence, and we would suggest
that those who have the power to suppress those who openly advocate the
violating of the law, do so, ere it is too
late and a breaoh of the peace has been
made. Let it be distinctly understood
that those workers who assemble on the
Cambie Street grounds will keep the
peaoe if they are allowed to go about
their business within the confines of tho
law, but that they cannot be responsible
for anything that may happen if the suggestions of anarchistic-minded people,
who parade oa supporters of law and
order, are adopted.
In view of the faot that we have a
number of contracts for display advertising which still have some time to
run, we must ask our readers to be
forbearing for a little time, as it is not
our intention to fill the paper with advertising.
A lady, writing to the Daily Province, complains at the silence whieh
greeted the governor general when ho
arrived in Vancouver. She says "these
awful silences are like strangulation
when distinguished visitors come to
the oity." What a pity the lady did
npt attend the reception to W. A.
Pritchard. She would have heard
cheers on that occasion, and also the
singing of the Red Flag. But then
Pritchard was not distinguished—that
is in the sense that the lady in question
would describe a distinguished person,
but there waa no doubt that he was
distinguished by the workers., They
knew him.
A gentleman by the name of Crowe-
Swords, in his wrath against Socialists,
Bolshevists and other "obnoxious persons," who point out why workers are
unemployed, would form a vigilante
committee to suppress these people. by
force. We, on a former oooasion, pointed out that force was easily used as it
did not require thought. Might we
suggest to the "gallant" gentleman,
that there is an old Mosaic' Law that
calls for an eye for an eye, and a tooth
for a tooth, and that that law ean be
extended to apply to a broken head for
a broken head. But what is the use,
people who talk as the person in question does, never did think, and we wonder sometimes if -they have machinery
to do it with.
A French general in an address at a
war college in France stated that the late
war was an age long conflict between tho
Teutonic and. the Latin races. In view
of the fact that the British and American
nations are largely made up of peoples
of Teutonic races, he has evidently missed
the mark. May we suggest that one section of the Teutonic people was too strong
commercially for a combination of Teutonic and Latin peoples, and consequently
there was a scrap, not on racial line?, but
for markets. Later we may find that the
ruling classes of the late allies who fought
the war for democracy may be lined up
with the Teutonic ruling class against the
working class. How will our friend the
general explain that?
Vancouver's bread line has interested
at least onc minister of the gospel. His
observations in this connection were
given at the First Baptist Church last
He said he had mingled with
those in the broad line, getting in
touch with their religious views.
Not one man was a professing
Christian nor connected with any
Protestant church in the city. In
fact, they resented any allusion to
the unfailing love of God.
After delivering himself of tho above,
he said that the man who believe? that
Qod will answer the prayer, "Give'us
this day our daily broad, will pray and
dig, and dig and pray, and wilPnever
bo in want o£ food." We don'f;know
just how many believers in tho efficacy
of prayer are without work in this
vicinity, but we take it that there is at
least onc, and if his prayers have not
to date brought results, will our reverend friend tell us how and where he
should dig? He may pray all ho likqs,
but if digging means working for, a living, and no one wants slaveB, 'whej-c
will they dig? Onc of the reasons that
slaves are in the position they are in
at this time is due to the faet that they
have prayed and been preyed on. If
they did less praying and believing,
and more thinking, they might possibly be able to dig and cat. In the
meantime, they can do all the praying
they want, but the system under whioh
wo livo causes unemployment, it cannot do otherwiso; and if every ono
prayed, and prayud hard, only a few
could obtain the wish embodied in their
prayers, nnd it would not be becauso
of their fnith that they got work, but
becauso of the fact thnt tli.y wero
needed by those that prey ou them,
even when working.
British Worken. Organization Disrupted
by Officials
London, April 15.—The rail-
way aad transport workers, unable to pacify the radical wing
of the Miners' Federation, have
abandoned the mlnen' cause.
Premier Lloyd George emerge*
from the great crisis stronger
than ner, having ruptured tlw
most powerful labor body ln
Europe. Although tba general
strike la off, however, a bitter
tight between the miners and the
mine owners and the government
I* looked for.
The above news Item shows up
more clearly than ever the necessity of th* organized workers. In
this country as ln Qreat Britain, removing from exeoutlve positions
ths traitors who Infest ths movement, and who are In oontrol of the
executive offloes.
Not Lloyd George, but Thomaa,
Clynes, Henderson, Sexton, Havelock, Wilson, etc., are the Individuals who, ln the hour of need, have
disrupted the most powerful
weapon the British workng class
has yet possessed.
Can It be expected that men who
have lived In ease for years, at tho
expense N>f those - whose Interests
they misrepresent, whose Income Is
from five to six times greater than
the rank and flle of the union to
which they belong; who have held
offlce or so long that they have
forgotten the touch of the tools of
their trade, can function tn the intorests of those workers when such
action Imperils the continuance of
the system ln wliloh tbey have a
vested Interest? Emphatically, Nol
Yet the blame does not rest alone
upon these men. In greater measure does lt rest upon the structure
of the unions whioh permits such
professional trade unionists to develop.
No exeoutlve officer of a union
ahould receive a salary greater
than that received by th* higher
paid members of tbat union.
No tenure of office ahould exceed, at th* outside, tw* years. It
has been put forth in opposition to
these Ideas, both her* and In
Great Britain, that an official
should be paid enough to prevent
the employers from buying him.
As though a union had a greater
purchasing power than the capitalist classl
If tha orlc* paid i*   the   only
——— a
obtok against a labor offlolal sellins
out, th* quicker h* sells out th*
b• tt*r for th* membership.
Ofllolalg-gt laber unions ar* oaly
Valuable lo th* employers When
th*y can continue to sterols* control of the rank and file ln the Interest of auoh employers. Where
th* actions of officials can b* subjected to constant criticism by th*
membership, and the recall put
Into Immediate operation, netting
ls to be gained by purchasing officials of the unions.
The time limit on offlce botdlng
prevents the individual holding the
same from acquiring th* professional viewpoint.
Let ua then take stook of our
own situation, critically examine
our unions and their official activities, and take steps to prevent any
further development of the "Labor
Leader" ln this country. Only by
taking such action oan we be reasonably assured that ln the faoe of
a greater crisis than that now confronting the workers of Britain,
membera of our olass will not be
sacrlflce.d because of the treaoh«ry
of executive officers. 3X.
Widow w'th child of school aae,
wants   position   a*   housekeeper.
Phone Sey. OUiY.
Guaranteed Coal
If our eoal is not satisfactory to you, after you
have thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
coal is left and chargo you
nothing for what you have
Ton to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour Mil and tet
Perfect fitting, cortaat
articulation, pleating ap.
ipear ance, professional skill,
expert mechanical work,
materials ol quality, ata\
features at
Dr. Gordon Campbell
' Dental Art Establishment
Oorner Robson
Over Owl Drag Store.   Sey. SM*
Open Evenings, 8 to »
yon can afford to pay—•
Our store is in a central
location, convenient for
all, but outside the high
rent district. This —
with other conditions-
enables us to sell quality goods at less prices
than othen charge for
Cash or Terms
Furniture Co.
416 Main Street
I opp. an hall I
The Logger Boot
whloh we manufacture is not an imitation of any other make,
but Is entirely a New Method Boot, It is the outcome of a careful and long study to produce a boot that will stand up and
at the same time be light in weight.
Made from selected Chrome or OU Tan Uppers, d> | B f\(\
to your measure, 10-inch top, a pair  w 1 OivW
Bring your repairs and   have  thom  repaired  th*
"NEW METHOD" way.   AU O. B. U. help.
The "New Method" Shoe Making
and Repairing Co.
Phono Seymour 8J1T
We are now offering all
our goods at reduced prices
Carpenter's Overalls, union   Men's Balbriggan  Under-
made $3.00      wear $1,50
Men's    Blue     Chambray   Men.'S W°rking S°*' JT
Shirts $1.00      Palr a5fl
Men's Corduroy Pants, in
Men's Heavy Grey Shirts,-      brown $7,110
high and regular collars, r
for $1.75   Tweed Pants .  $3.50
Our stock of Boys' Shoes is good as well aa cheap.
Men's Shoes for all kinds of wear.
18 and 20 Cordova St.
444 Main St
A Visit to Our Diamond Room
—place*   yon   undar   no   obligation
Yon honor tia with yonr visit.' Ifea
sight of literally hundreds of ns*
monnted loose Diamonds and otber
precious Jewels Is worth while.
We wsnt yon to know that we havt
never had suoh a stock of Diamond*
and we want yon to sne them nnd
the many piece* of handsome Diamond-set Jewelry now gracing onr
"The Hous* of Diamond*"
Did you overlook our appeal tor
Imperial Trunk and
Leather Ooods
Between Hamilton and Honur
Phon* Beymour 15M
Beit Wsa
A BmI Ut. Doll Show
Other Big rMtarM
Phone Sey. tilt
"The Isle of Dreams"
W. E. Fenn's School
Phone*: Sey. 101—Sey, 3058-O
Sooial Dance* Monday, Wedns*.
day and Saturday.
Greateat Stoek ol
In Greater Vaneoaver
Replete In every detail
Stanley Steam
Taxi Co.
(Old time Lumberjack)
Prompt Servlc*
Fine Car*
SM Abbott St.     Vanoouver
Pbone Sey. 88.7-8878
Matinee 2:30
Evenings 8:20
Ring np Phone Seymour 2IM
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suite 301 Dominion Building
Smaller Grades ot
Stove $12.50 Ton
The demand for thla eoal I*
proof of the quality.
This I* th* best HOUSEHOLD
OOAL ln Vancouver, bar
McNeill, Welch &
Pbone Sey. 404-64
Get the
Love Habit!!
BEDS, Bt*., at cost Oiur steek !
1* Big ,and so ar* our Bar- >
gains.    Watoh  our Auction >
Snap*. Furniture Bought and I
Sold. •
Love & Co.
Phon* Seymonr tut        j
B70  SEYMOUR STREET      '■!
What   nbout   your   neighbor'*
subscription t
In that dark hour when sympathy and beat servlc* count so
much—can np
its kingsway, Vancouver!
Phon* Fairmont IS
Prompt Ambulance Servlc*
Phone Soy. 211      Day or Night.
S31 Homer St. Vanconver, B. C.
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Funerals of Dignity at Half 1
Price* ™
Falrvl*w: Office and Chapel,
IMS Oranvlll* Street
Phone Bay 3200.
North Vancouver: Office and
Chapel, 111 Sixth St W.
Phone N. V. ltt.
Mount Pleasant:   Office and
Chapel, 2123 Main St
Phon* Fairmont 61.
Hi* aso-its Stmt
Bonder serrleos, 11 em. sat 7.10 p
Sunder eehool tam.dUt.lr follow
morning .or.lot. Wcdncedey lootlmoa
m.etlng, • pA rr» IMdl_»
-01--0I   Birks  Bids.
New Subscribers'
Floss, consult tt. pink shssts.
whloh will bs found inierted between ths msln portion of ths
new Maroh lot directory, for au
nemoe snd numbers not regnUrlf
lilted, boforo celling Informstlov
st sll now numbcri allotted iftor
the ro sin seetion went to pntl, _§
to snd including Febrosry IS, win
be found on those sheets.
British Columbia Telephone
WKJf 70V ASK 1-OB    \
and Hon-nlcohoiic wins* of an
pru  II, Ull
Vancouver, a. e.
I RIGHT in the HEART of
the SEASON we make this   .
A TOTAL clearance of many of our most popular
lines—Suits, Coats and Dresses, Sn ravishing
• - • modes, at priees mueh Jess than you habitually pay.
A sale.tbat la just a* attractive to the lover of luxury as
lt Is to the economical. Spring conditions hav* ehangsd
the old standards of value—lt Is now possible te get th*
fineit in materials and styles at very reasonable prices.
Our spring turnover event Is a distinct opportunity of thl*
You Have the Right to Refuse
Dental Work that Pains
Ever since the discovery of the flrst anaesthetic
study has been given to the perfect relief from pain.
" Not only is "nerve-blocking" found to be the 100
per oent. efficient method, but the one which in itself
haa no discomforts. By "nerve-blocking" any communication of a sense of pain from the organ under
treatment is prevented absolutely. Then, too, I
make no extra charge. Don't hesitate—your teeth
may demand immediate attention.
"It Won't Hurt Because It Can't"
Modern Dentistry
The advantages of th*
most modern methods are
here available to all In
need ot sound dental
work. X-Ray diagnosis—
"Nerve Blocking"—Laboratory—these insure results to tbe full value of
your Investment
Corner Seymour
Offlce Open Tueeday and Friday
Da. BRETT ANDERSON, lormorlr member ot tho .Fa oalty ol th.
Collet. <f DentUtrr. UalTwoitr of' Seitkim Celifornta, Ltd.rer
on Orowa ud Bridiework, Damonitrstor la riit.ir.rk sag Oners-
Mr. DentUtrr, Loul .id General Aneeitheil.. '
IW Twenty Teers w. hsr. baud this Unloa Sump for is. ante nr
{• ee-eful OeUecUr. lUrpHlss
fuMil Both Strikes end Loekeite
Dliputei Settled by ArMtatua
Study Smployasat wl Skilled Watauaihlf
fnatt DeUnrtM to DasMrs aad PuhUo
Fuo. sad Ss-BMS te Workeri sad Employers
rroeperlt; «f She. Ibktig OemssslUss
As loyal unloa sun sad wesua, «s ask
yon to demsnd shoes hearing tk. above
Union Stamp ea Sol., Xnsol. er Using
OolHs levtly, Oeneral Pruldent.    Oharlea L. Bala., Oon.nl SH.Trut.
task Ont Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Plants
Ornamental and 8hade Trees, Seeds, Bulb*, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
t» Hastings Stntt Eut 728 Oranvllle Street
Seymour 988-872 Soymonr .BIS
The M.T. 1 Loggers' Boot
HtU orltn pmonMly tttandad lo
Guaranteed to Hold Caolka and Ara Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS A SON
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Pbone Seymonr SSS Repairs Done Whil* Yon Walt
Easy Shaving
Gillette or Auto Strop Safety Razors make the daily
Shave easier.
We have a splendid line of both makes in many designs,
priced from $5.00 to $7.50 each.
The Complete Sporting Goods Stor*
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that oheap gooda can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap Ubor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
■-Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
a ... m
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
Th* nst balance oa hand on
April 10 I* only lll.ll. Th* only
debt that lt has been possible to
wipe off waa last month'* rent
The offlce I* barely paying its way,
it all debt* oaring ar* Mt put of
th* reckoning.
By this mall the camp* will receive the last Issues of The Federatlonist, Western Clarion, O. B. V.
Bulletin and Soviet Russia. It will
be possible to send them again
only when the funds are In band
to pay for them.
Our official organ, The Worker,
will be sent to all camp*, aa It is
suppMed by headquarters, bnt even
at that the oondltlon la such that
this offlce has been unable to spare
the per capita which should go to
Vancouver to pay for thtt, let alone
the debt owing on supplln previously received.
Arrivals from the Islands say
that tbere are many men over there
who are in arrears who are anxious to pay up, but ar* milling
around for some one to pay them
to. The procedure seams te be
Ilk* this:   .
Percival—"I am about S months
behind in my dues. I want to pay
Augustus — "Then why don't
Percival—"Think I'm going to
pay them te you   Nothing doing.'
It does not seem' to enter the
head of any of these members that
all that is necessary is te send the
money direct to thts ofllce, with
flle number and months for which
the duea forwarded ar* to be
Nor* do they seem to dream of
eleoting a delegate, whieh they
have been requested te do times
without number, by thl* offloe.
They seem dead from the ears up.
Yet, on the least provocation, they
will expand their chest* and Inform all and sundry that "this organlutlon Is run by the rank and
Ble, sir." Sure it is. It la being
run Into the ground by thetr own
stupidity and laziness and neglect
of the Ilrst requisite of a oamp
workers' organization—th* delegate system.
Wake upl Elect your delegates,
pay him your back dues, and lt
there is not a receipt book In camp
let him make out a Ust of the members paying, with their flle numbers and months paid for, and send
lt In to the olllce by next mall.
Receipts, supplies and credentials
will be forwarded by tha following
This Is the time when organization Is most needed, and the membership Is sabotaging their own organization by tbeir neglect
At present they arc paying a secretary ISO a week (when he can
collect it) for doing next to noth-
pnjr their due*. T»*r* ar* also a
millibar et fallow werk.rs wh*
havp worked steadily, and I appeal
to (ho** werker* ta buy Literature
PAGE m&EE   _
Urals*, and *o forget for th* tlm*
being tbnt auA a thine a* tnabl*
existed; Instead ef, aa ln tb* past,
becoming a any to th* vulture*
ahd Organisation Stamp*.   Now li that were ever ready to tak* ad'
Ing.  Get busy and giv* bim
thing to do er quit altogether.
Use New*
A net* from headquarters says
that everything ha* carried in tb»
referendum on th* proceeding* ef
th* January convention. J. tt,.
Clark* hu been elected ganoid
secretary, witb 417 vote*, Hansen
receiving 314 and Reld 110.
Th* Coaat diatrict has gone solid
for Industrial organisation, and
eleoted W. Head as secretary.
Fuller particulars will no doubt
appear hi the next Worker.
Jamleson's camp at Port Clements ls about flnished, and the
crowd Is expected over by this
Hall.t A Mitchell's camp ln Gardiner Channel has shut down fer a
few months to build a dam.
No new campa have started up
as yet between Prlnee Bupert and
Haselton, but ther. I* a possibility
of torn* doing se in the near future.
About 40 men want to Whalen's
logging camp at Thurston Harbor,
by th* laat boat
Jennlng's camp at Engen, O. T.
P. (P. G. dlstriot), has closed dawn
as th* result of a atrlke called in
consequence of th* violation of th*
signed agreement en whieh the laat
strlk* was settled. The boas flred
some union men, and refused te
give any explanation. The usual
"scrap of paper."
The B. C. Federatlonist
The membership will have seen
that owing to th. exorbitant prlc*
of newsprint, the best Labor newspaper on this continent, ls in difficulties.
Th* value of th* Federatlonist
to the modern Labor movement on
this oontlnent would be hard to estimate. " It la unquestionably th*
best ef 'Its type published anywhere, and Is worth a special effort
on the part of the workers to keep
It In the Held with lta size and uoe-
fulness unimpaired.
The advertisers are boycotting it
—capitalist sabotage — and the
drive being made on It by the employing Interests should be sufficient evidence from that quarter—lf
any was necessary—to convince us
of the Important position it occupies as a fighting weapon in th*
hands   of   th*   militant   working
Only tl has so far been received
for the Organization Fund by this
offloe, and nothing for th* Literature Fund.
Once more—WAKE UP!
.the time yeu need organisation to
flght th* organized efforts of th*
capitalist class, who. are trying to
break your organisation and starve
yotl Int* submission.
A buslneas meeting wu held In
. •_ tb* Union Hall on Sunday, April t;
meeting ealled to ordier at 7:10 p.
m; p. J. Dandeneau *l*et*d t* tht
chair; P. Bidder recording secretary. Moved and t*sand*d that a
raok b. mad* to keep the weekly
papera in and that s*v*ral coplss
of previous Issues be kept In th*
raok for reference.   Carried.
Moved and seconded that th*
secretary read th* minutes of district executive board meeting.
Carried.    .
A lengthy discussion took plac*
on th* carrying of blankets, the 1-
hour dar, and th* abolition of
doubt* tier bunks.
Mov* dand seconded that th*
matter of getting an organiser and
a central executive board member
be left ln the hands of the district
executive board.   Carried.
Meeting adjourned at 10 p.m.
Free Delivery
Shlpplni Orient Punotnellj
Attended to at Oity Mess
Fresh Meat Dept.
Choice Best Pot Rousts from, lb,..15o
Choice  Orea  HossU  from,  lb 18c
Choice   Boiling   Boo/,   Ib.   - 16c
Choice Boneleii  Stew Beef, lb 200
Finest  Minded  Beef,  lb. 200
Htvo yuu tried one' of onr turnout Pork Shoulders 1 Tfaej only
weigh from 4 lo 8 lbi. and ire
just the right kind of rout for
Sunday, Reg. 3uo lb. Speeial,
per lb. ......a i-afl
Slater's Famous Middle Cuts of Fresh
Killed Government Inspected Pork,
in pieces from 2 to 8 lba, Reg.
40c lb.    Special, lb.  83 l-2c
Finest No.  1  Steer    Prima    Rib
Rolls of Beef,  extra fine  quality,  in outi  from  2  to 10 lba.
ling.  BBo ib.    Special ....28 l-2c
Calves'   Liver,   lb	
Finest Beef Liver, lb	
Finest  Pork  Sausage,   lb.
Finest Beof Sausage, lb. .,
— 36c
Grocery Dept.
Wo are selling sugar, lb 12 l-2o
Small White Beans, 4 lbs. for ...,26c
Finest Green Peas, 4 lbs. for. 25c
Finest Sngo,  8  lbs. for  ~ 26c
Finest Slam Rico, 3 lbs. for 2fic
Pancako   Flour,   2   for   ...__„.....36c
Provision Dept.
Burns'  Finest  Shamrock Lard, in
bulk.    Regular SOo Ib, special.
Slater'a   Siloed   Bacon,   lb,   ...40c
Slater'a   Sliced   Bacon,   lb 40c
Sinter's  Sliced Aynhlro Baeon,
lb.      4D0
Slater'a  Sliced  Ayrshire  Roll,
lb.     GOo
Slater'a    Famoua    Streaky   Bacon—
Wholo slabs, per lb.  80 1-20
Half slabs, por lb  80 1-20
B. O. Fresh Eggs, por doi 40o
FinoBt Cheoso, per lb 38c
Finest Streaky Bacon, in 2 and 3-lb.
pieces,    very    mild    sugar    cured.
Reg. Sfio lb., apodal, lb. —28 1-20
Finest    -_$_j     ..urud     Boneleii
Cottage Holla, weighing from 4
to 8 lbs., smoked.   Reg. 48 l-2o
lb.     Special   lh 481-20
Finest  Pcameal  Bnck   Bacon,   extra
Middle  Cutl,  per  lb. ......650
End cuts,  per lb  « 1*20
Finest    Highland    Spudl,    axtra
flne quality, per 100-lb. ik...9Gc
FREE  ___________*
Finest Strawberry Jam, pat up by
tho Quaker Co., 4-lb. Uni, reg.
$1.25, special, por tin ................flOc
Four Big Stores
1.3 Hastinga St. I
880 OranvUle St.
1191 Granville St.
3260 Haln St.
Phone Sey. 8202
Phone Bey. B6.
Phone Bey. .14.
Phene Pair. 1889
Camp 14, Tabk, March H
Meeting called to order at 7:10;
Chairman J. La Brash; reeordlnc
secretary, Delegate D. Boll.
Moved and seconded that meat.
Ings bo held every Saturday even.
Ing.   Carried.
Special correspondence waa read.
Moved and seconded, that alx
copies of Soviet Russia bo ordered
by Camp 14.   Carried.
Moved and seconded, that we no.
tify the district secretary with re-
gard to C. O. at the company's of
lice.   Carried.
The following resolutions were
carried: That wo discontinue pack*
Ign blankets after May 1. That all
workers bo given until next payday to Join the L. W. I. U. That
we abolish top bunka by May 1.
That thli be a strictly 8-hour camp.
Meeting oalled to order at 7:80
Chairman Carl Iderstrom; recording secretary, A. Carlson.
Mlnutea of the previous meeting
adopted a* read. Camp delegates
report carrying out Instructions
of the previous meeting: accepted.
Moved and seconded that a collection be taken for literature.
Moved and seconded that a
special meeting be ealled on payday.   Carried.
Moved and seconded, that a report from this camp be sent to
headquarters for publication. Carried.
Meeting adjourned at 1:48 p.m.
P. BIDDER, Bewetary.
vantage ot tha proverbial good Mt
ture ot tha logger.
Tha pust winter hai been made
exceptionally hard by tho extensive
shutting down of - Industry, and
this has affected all working olaas
organisations to a marked degree.
The lumber workers among them,
Out according to aU Indications,
tho turning point haa beea reaohed.
and if there is ao further shutting
down' of oamp*, tto organlutlon
will speedily forgo ahead. One
outstanding faot (?) must hare
Impressed itself upon the minds of
the army of unemployed that is
now rapidly diminishing (according to the preen), la the one mentioned by tbe Dook, In the iullow
Ing words: "Gentlemen, we are
free men, of a free country, of free
Institutions. Wo have every right
and every privilege, but with these
we have a great publlo responslbll
ity." Just Imagine, telling tho
logger ln a eamp where ho cannot
hold a meeting, that ho la a freo
man? And telling tho blaok-listed
Slav* that ho cannot get a Job at
Hick's slavo market, that he la a
citlsen ot a fre* country; and th*
dally press wonders why tho orowd
that welcomed ono of their number from Jail *xceeded th* orowd
that welcomed a member of tho
ruling class.
Vancouver Unions
-COUNCIL—P-oaMaet, R. W. Hatley;
aeerelarr, J. O. Salth. HaoU Srd Wed-
leader each moath la the Pender Hall,
eorner ol Fender sad How. atreete.
Phon. Bey. 801.
The general seoretary has Issuod
a circular letter to the various
branches, with a view of coming to:
a clear understanding of the situation that exists In thla organization
at tho present time. I hava not
sufflclent space to give tho while
of th* letter; no doubt tho lettor
will be published In tho next Issuo
ot The Worker. Tho general headquarters owe several thousand dollars, which will havo to be liquidated lt the general headquarter*
are to be kept going. If all branches were paid up to date, all debt*
Incurred by tho headquarter*
would ■ be liquidated. In futuro,
eaeh branch will havo to purchase
Itself what B, C. Federatlonist* it
requires. Ths Worker will be got
out as regularly a* possible, but ln
the meanwhile publication will depend to a very large extent upon
the amount of Literature Stamps
sold. There ls still some money
owing for the last Issue, and another issue cannot be got out until
such time as the last Issue is paid
for, and some indication of enough
money coming in to puy for another issue. With the issue dear
before us, with a determination for
our final emancipation, wtlh a
knowledge of the situation that
confronts us, we wtll move steadily
on; but wc must never lose sight
of the smaller obstacles that beset
our path, or our legs may get
broken in the process, and we may
never reach the fence. Every effort must be put forward to organise our fellow man to co-ordinate and solidify our forces that we
may be better able to flght our
everyday battle and prepare ourselves for a greater future. It Is
to be hoped that every part of the
organization will do its part toward
getting thcir headquarters
stable foundation which wtll help
to create harmonious relations
through the entiro Union.
Now, Fellow Workers, the abovo
ls a clear statement of the flnanclal position of the Unton. It's no
uss beating about the bush. YOU
have to do your share to keep tho
organization alive and active. Just
stop and consider what the organization has done for the lumber
workers. Are you willing to go
back to the old rotten camp conditions, to the 10 to 12 hour work
day, and the "May pay?" Last
.summer you got better camp eonditlons, shorter hours and, In a
good many camps, blankets. Organisation got thess Improvement*.
A large number of workers hav*
been ln the ranks of the unemployed and consequently could not
IivService Men Working ln tb*
Lumber InduMry
Th* following letter waa received from the secretary of the Canadian National Union of Ex-service
Men, with a request tbat it be published in the Lumbar W.rkers
space In Th* Federatlonist:
"In thaa* days whan th* line-up
of oapital on th* on* hand, and
Labor on tho other, la getting even
mor* marked, lt behooves us to
help along a movement of this na-
'ture, whloh la free trom all capitalist influences. Ltt us hopo that
ex-service men who work In th*
wood* will give thla organisation
the support lt des.rvsa."
ell—Meete 'BMoad    Honday    la   th.
__>nth.    Preaident, J. t. McO-nn«lli ••_•
ratar., R. H. MMlsadi, P. O. Bat 8*.
need bricklayers «r mesons for boiler
worha,   etc.,   or   aaarbl.  aettore,   phon.
Brieklayera' Unloa, Labor Tempi..
O. B. U.—President, E. Andre; aeeretary, W. Ser.Ie.. MMta Snd aad dth
Wedneiday la each month In Ponder Ball,
cor. of Pender and How. atracta. Fhon.
Sey.  ML	
ployeea, Loeal as—Meete every leeond
Wedneiday ia th. month st 3:80 p.m.
and erery fourth Wednesday ia the month
st 8:80 p.m. Preaident, John Camming.,
eecretnry and tmalneae agent, A. Oraham,
Office snd meeting hsll, ttl Seymonr St.
?.. Phone Sey. 1481. Office houra, "
ajn. to 8 p.a.
Association, Loeal 88-52—OBc. and
hall, 189 Cordora Bt. W. MeeU trot
nnd third Fridays. I p.m. BeereUry-
treaaorer, T, Ntxoa; bualneaa agent, P.
era' Union—Meata 2nd and 4th Mondays. Preaident, J. 1. Dawaon, 1045 Tew
St., Kitsilano; aeoretary, E. T. Kelly,
1850 Haatinga St E.; recording eeeretery,
L. Holdsworth, SB-— Uth St. W-, North
Think About Your Feet
YOV put yonr wholt weight on Umb ill day loaf sad
ins good nuyiniUaoM yon find thtt they play out.
How why not get the VBETBIST eorering fortfafftf
sr* nud* of soft oil leather, hand-sewn soles, and are
ent to fit. Thsy are waterproof, and are guaranteed to
hold caulks.
Bend your measure or the sice you hare been wearing
and you will get the finest bobt possible to make at a
price that is fair.
I make ordinary height work boots of every known
leather and they carry the same guarantee of quality as
all the rest of my boots.
SHOES MADE TO MUSUBE—No doubt you hav*
often said, "Wall, th* next pair of »hoe* Igetare
going te b* mad* to meaaure." Aot oa lt thla tlm*.
Como la or writ* your needs. Whatever thay are
I oan on thtm. _
51 Hastings West
Vancouver, R. C.
Soma merchant* la town do not
think your cuKtom I* much us* to
them, or they would advertise tb*
wan* in Tho Fedenttionl-t to *e-
-uro'yonr trade, Bemember thl*
whan yoa are about to make a purchase.
Monday, t p.m., la O. B. tl. Hall. SM
Pender St. W. FreeMeat, A. Brooks;
flnanolal secretary sad bulneaa egoat, w.
Tucker.   Phone, Seysawr 281,
WORKERB Dept. of Uu O. B. V.—
An lodnatrlel onion at all worker, la logging and eonatruetin campa. Coaat Diatrict snd Oenersl Headauartere, 11 Cordova 81. W, Vancouver. B. 0. Phon. Soy.
7858. E. Winch, general eecreury-
treasurer; legal advisers, Mesars, Bird,
Macdonald * Co., Vancouver, B. Oj audi-
tors, Messrs. Buttar A Chiang Taaeea-
vw, B. O.         _—_—_
—-Affllieted with Trade, .nd Labor Conncil and Theatrical Federation, Vanconver.
Preaident, J. R. Footer; eecretarr and
treuurer, T. W- Sapated. Office ana meeting room, 810 London Building. Peader
St. W. Regular meeting night, Irst
Sundnln uch m.nth st 7:80 p.a_ Baal*
neaa Agent, W. We-lridge. Paw* Fraaer
Employeea, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—MeeU A. O. F. Hsll, Mount Pleasant
let and Srd Mondaya at 10.15 a.m. aal I
p.m. President, F. A. Hoover, 2408 Clark.
Priv.; -Mordlng-aecrotary, F, E. Griffin,
447—4th Avenuo Eaat; treasurer, E. S.
Cleveland; flnanclal-SMntary aad ball.
nesa egeat, W. H. O.Hr.11. 4808 Du-
fries Su-Ml; offlce corner Prior and Main
ete. Phone Fair 8804B.
ttrodkA^BIOAL OMOU No. US—
Meeta laat Sanday of Mch month st
8 p.m. Prosldent, A. I. Robb;
preeldent, 0. H. Collier; soereterr-trMa-
erar, 1- H. -tceUnda. Bat 88.	
ol th. O. B. U. mMta ea the flrat aad
third Wednesday .< .very month. All
member, la thla dlatrlat an invited to
WMgT».i_ runner umo» o.
Fellow Worker: Might I be permitted through th* Lumber Workers' pags ln The Federationist, to
make an appeal to all ex-service
men who are camp workers, to Interest themselvea in the newly-
formed Canadian National Union
of ex-Servic* lien. Tho C. N. U.
X. has been organizod to satisfy a
long felt want of the working class
ex-service men. It I* free of capitalist influence, and Is an organization of "other rank*," no one
who held a commission being eligible for membership. It should
appeal especially to those ex-service men who are unton men, who
havo noted the mor* or less successful attempts of u-._ ir. aster
class to separate tho workers In
two hostile camps. In the one,
those who served in the last war,
and tn the other, those who did
not. We are organised for tho express purpose of combating the
"divide and rule" taotlcs of the
muster. And as set forth In Article 1, Section 2, of our Constitution: "We shall at all times cooperate with Labor for the purposo of presenting a united front
to the common enomy."
A copy of our preamble and
constitution will be mailed on application to tho secretary-treasurer,
James Farnlmm, 61 Cordova St.
West, Vancouver; B. C.
Prince George
A writer from Prince George,
who was Induced to go to that
place by a government olllce report
as to conditions there, worns all
workers to keep away, as there are
at least 600 men Idle in that district.
North America (Vancouver aad vieln-
Ity) — Braneh maata aecond and fonrth
Mondaya, 81) Pender St. W. Preeldent,
Wm. Hunter, til Tenth Av.., North Vancouver; financial aecretery, E, Goddard,
855 Bleharda Btreet; recording aeoretary,
J. D. Russell. Booth Rd., MeK.y P. O,
Burnaby, B. 0,  ..
ratora and Paperhangers of America,
Loeal 138, Vanoouver—Meete dad and
dth Thursdaya at 148 Cordova St W.
Phona Sey. 8481. Bnalneaa agent, R. A.
O. B. V. UNIT PILE DRIVERS. WOO lien Bridgemen, Perrlckinen and Rlggera
ot Vancouver ind vieinitr-   Meeta every
Amariaa, Loci Ni. 178—Meetlaga held
flrat Maadar in eaoh month. 8 p.m. Pre.-
Ident, A. R. Gatenby; vice-president, D.
LawHn; ncording HcnUry, 0. V»
Voneld, P. O. Boi 508; flnanclal BMW
tary, T. Tompleton, P. 0. Box 608.
Provincial Unions
sod Ubor Couneil—Meets (nt ssd
third Wedawdaya, Calgbts st PrtUas
HaU, Sank Park Stmt, al S am. Pre*
-cat, 0. Siverts; vlM-pnald-at, R. Bl-
liottl MentorylnMunt. R. S. Wm4-
yard. P. 0. Box 808, Vla'srie, B. 0.
Seorotsry-tnasuror, N. Booth, Box" 817,
Frlno. Rupert.
tary-troMurer, N. Booth, Box 217, Prlnee
COUNCIL, 0. B. V.—MeeU every Tueaday In tha Mclntyn HaU at 8 p.m. Meet-
inge open to all 0. B. U. members. Seo-
retft-r-tnaannr, N. Booth, Box 217
Princo Rapert, B. 0.
WiiUt lor automobile batteries, household end personal use. A pure copper
distilling -.tilt reedy ior uss, 8 Sim,
will distill 2, 8 and 4 pints per hour.
With each order we give fren our 14-
page booklet giving directions, ete.
Yos, it Is logal for anyone in Canada
to own a still for di-tllling wator,
provided suoh atlll wae made and aold
by a licensed manufacturer, otherwise
It la illegal. It Is also illegal to ua.
our stills for making aleoholio liquon.
Bulla ara shipped the eame day wa
receive your order. No. 1 Still la
195: No. _, |80; No. 8, 836, respc
tiveiy. We pay ahipplng charges. *
0. 0. D. orders aooeptcd,
Papt. K.   704 Notre Dama Av»,
Winnipeg. Man.
Kindling Vret*
1440 GRANVILLE]  Sey. 5390
Notes by District Secretary
During  the   paBt  week,   a   few
mure  of  the  unemployed   lumber
workeri have  been luccesaful in
finding a master.
The camps are starting up very
slowly, among those recently started being two or three at Ocean
Falls, to all appearances the boa&es
aro trying their hand at their old I
games, 1. e., feeding the slaves with
a bounteous supply of the democ>
racy that the world has been made
safe for. Many letters are received telling of the glorious freedom
(?) enjoyed ln the camps. Such
expressions as "ws are not allowed
to hold meetings," and "so and so
lu on the blacklist," are heard on
every hand; and while the lumber
worker, owing to the faet that ho
has been up against lt for some J
time, Is compelled for a time to,
submit gracefully, he, like the proverbial worm, eventually turns.
Letters are received from camps
where the men have got on their
feet again, and these letters make
very refreshing roading. They display a loyalty to the organization
whloh Is seldom lf ever found ln
the old eraft unions. Seldom ls
the cry heard for exemption from
payment of hack dues, the mombers feel that they have received
the beneflt ot the organization
while unemployod, and scorn the
idea of getting It for nothing. They
realize that it has been a boon to
have had the use of a hall and
reading room through the long
winter, whieh hu been a harbor
to whicb they oould oome to fra-
Suit Specials
New Twoeds and Serge Suits, in young men's styles, in
single and double-breasted models.   New prices—
$25.00, $28.00, $35.00, and up to $65.00 and $75,00
for the very best.
Men's Suits, up to 50-inch size in stouts where the waist
measure is equal to the chest. Also tall stout and short
stout, long regular and short regular.
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
Men's and Boys' Clothiers
2 Stores
309 HASTINGS W.        628 GRANVILLE ST.
Master of Praotieal
Drugless Healing
Fifteenth    Floor    guuidsrd
Un ul-—Corner of HMtlngl
•nd Iticliard-
Pbones:    Soymonr 60S;
Highland 21S4L
Ths iklll of tho Druil.M
Healtr ln curing dlicase
ahould make the moat brilliant aurgeon in th* land
ashamed of hia Incapacity—
Alfred Wataon, M.D., Philadelphia, Pa.
Druglesa Hcalors are daily
turning back Into tht world
people made Bound and well
by their simple and correct
work, who have been pronounced incurable and beyond the reach of medical
science. I leave It to the reader to pick the qtiackl.—W. A.
Turner, M.D., Portland, Ore.
Any doctor who persuades
peoplo into taking no drugs
will soon make a reputation
of curing chronlo dlaeaaea.—
C. 8. Carr, M.D., Columbua
Modical Journal,
We never handle any casea
of contagious disease.
We will not take patlenta
who have had serum treatment administered to them,
as these aro the only cases
in which we got no results.
wTsmmsTER brewery lzb
Order from' \Ybur Dealer
''-"'--— PAGE FOUR
...April- _2„ Hit
Boya' Department—Mound Floor
Every Man Wants
Stylish Clothes
Tlie best styles for men have iquarer
shoulders; ooats are more loosely draped;
simple, but distinctive lines. The "style" is
tailored in the Clothes
Every Man Wants Quality
The all-wool fabrics.and splendid tailoring
that go into our Olothes can't be surpassed.
The greater number of days' wear yon receive from our Olothes for eaoh dollar you
invest, make them the lowest priced Olothes
you oan buy.
Every Man Wants Satisfaction
If you don't get it in our Olothes—money
$15, $19.50, $29.50, $39.50, $44.50, $49.50
Hart Schaffner & Marx. Clothes
'Brehon Nol Breton Law'
153 Hastings Street West
Copyright <'wl Hart Schaffner & Marx
Canada's Largest Eieluslve
Btore for Men and Boys
Dunsmuir Tool Store
Uecond-hand Dynamos, Electrio
Motors, Tools and Machinery
Bought and Sold,
12- Dunsmuir St.      Seymour 6698
Free Clinic
For those alck and unable to
pay—Tuesday, Thursday and
Saturday only.
Dr. W.Lee Holder
Specialist la
Hours: Dally, 1-6
Mon., Wed,, Frl., 1-8
«ey. 853$
Bay. 4023R.
14 Fairfield Building
Oor. Granvillo & Pender Sts.
Toronto Finns Help
The Finnish Socialist  Local  of
Toronto has donated the num of
|25    towards    the    Federatlonist
maintenance fund.
Easy, Isn't It? Just build some
cold storage plants, make winter
conditions when the workers are
not wanted, give the unemployed a
pill, pack 'em away for future reference, and only have just enough
of the nawsty beasts about to perform necessary work.—The Worker.
Chicago.—The workerB of Chicago will hold a May Day parade,
a permit for the purpose having
been granted by the city. At least
100,000 men and women, so leaders
predict, will be in line. Following
the parade there will be a m
demonstration with speeches and
later a concert, dancing and a festival.
The Federationist wants to have
the largest circulation of any paper
In British Columbia by the end of
this year. Help us get It. Tackle
your neighbor for a subscription.
Better Values
Than Ever
$13.75 $14.95 $19.75
$22.50 $25.00 $27.50
■^ "s
C. D. Bruce
Do You Know
THERE axe hundred! ef ftmlllti ln thia city now liijiig
eletblni from ni tbat formerly paid cub tlitwhtrt?
Thoy like oar method better becnuse It ennMoi them to
pat their ready cub to other naei.
You'll like our terms of ease-
too—bectuie yoa can drees up in the latest atyle apparel of a
taper qnelity and hnvo the accommodation of oar dignified
fait Payment Plan without it costing you a alnfle cent "of
It's so simple--
JUBT COMB IN and look around, pick ont anything that
•alta you and tell the clerk to charge lt to your account,
whieh will be mado out after paying a email deposit and
arranging to pay the balance on terms of ease to suit yourself.
THIS WEEK are lower than
most cash stores, ud yon
h»e the advantage of extended
Our sub hustlers are still on the
job. During the past week, quite
a number of new readers have been
added to our mailing list, and although the paper has been reduced
In size, we hope that the sub hustling will continue. Just as soon aB
finances permit, .an eight-page
paper will be published, so the
more you help, the quicker we
will get back into our old form;
providing also that the capitalist
system recovers sufficiently from
the present financial depression to
enable the "promises to pay" to
circulate more freely.
Campbell Bros, of Cumberland,
heads the list this week with seven
subscriptions, which will help
spread the spirit of revolt.
A. Fraser of Carmangy, Alta.,
forwards Ave new names, which
are to be supplied with some "mental dynamite."
Vapaus, the Finnish Labor paper
of Sudbury, Ont., adds five more
to our list through boosting The
Federationist In its columns.
Mrs, Clare Hallberg of Ladysmith, forwards four new readers,
just to show that the women can
hustle as good as the men.
Geo, Latham of Edmonton, introduces The Federationist Into
four homes in that cold city, thereby adding a little "red" fuel to the
W. Orr of Seven Persons, Alta.,
adds four to our mailing list, thereby making more than seven persons readers of the Federationist
in that burg.
Tho following are striking the
blow for freedom by getting three
more readers apiece: Fred Brown,
Vancouver; C. F. Coleman, Vancouver; R. C. Mutch, Smlthers; R.
Bruce, Anyox; Ben Luding; San
Josof Bay.
Two apiece from the following,
brings tho revolution that much
nearer: John Mclnnis, Vancouver;
C. F. Garrett, Vancouver; W. Bates,
Vancouver; C. Donner, Wellington;
W. R. Scott, Trail; T. A. Barnard,
Nanaimo; C. Tennant, San Josef
Bay; A. H. Russell, Maple Creek;
Owen Bennett, Halleybury, Ont.
One apiece from the following
spreads the message of emancipation: W. Cowan, E. Manners, W.
G, Anderson, M. E. Reld, Sam
fiuthrle, N. Cook, J. W. Jamieson,
J. McKlnley, S. T. Mitchell, J. Naylor, Mrs. Carr, Rose Henderson,
W. M, Chapman, J. A. Untlnen, F.
H. Clark, C. Haly.
(Continued from lust weok)
(By M. Garvin)
LAST WEEK I described briefly
the syatem under whioh tho
rulers functioned, the ayetara.
of land tenure, and the social organization of the people. It va*
noted that the early Irish verv
governed by a ruling class called:
"fclngs," who were supported by
nobles; that the land was held In
oommon, each member of a tribe
having an Inalienable right to his
share, whether he be a chief or
the lowest of the free tribesmen;
and that the social unit was the
Flnna or family. It was also
pointed out that the law of primogeniture did not obtain in Ireland;
that ls to say, a chief did not own
the land over which he ruled, and
which passed to his son and heir
upon his death, together with his
chieftainship. In other words, a
man did not become rich nnd powerful just because, as a certain politician once stated, "he happened
to be the flrst of a Utter." We now
oome to the
Oommon Law
Trial by jury was practically unknown In ancient Ireland. Both
elvll and oriminal offences were
sued for In the same way before a
Brehon, who heard the case argued and either acquitted or else
found guilty and assessed the flne.
All the sept or clan became liable
when a crime was committed by
one of Us members. If the offence
were one against the person, and
the criminal happened to die, then
the liability of the clan was wiped
out; lt being a maxim of Brehon
law that the "crime dies with the
criminal." If, however, the offence had been one causing damage to property, or causing material loss, then the sept still remained liable for it, even after the
death of the criminal. The result
of this regulation was that every
member of the sept had a direct interest in suppressing crime-   .
The punishments Inflicted for
orime appear strange to our modern and civilized minds, when compared with the present day punishments, although it can not be charged that they were lacking fn common .sense or justice. Manslaughter, even unpremeditated, was
punished by a flne, which was called an Eric. If the manslaughter
was premeditated, or what wc
would call murder, the eric was
doubled, and it was distributed to
the relatives of the slain in the
proportion to which they were entitled to inherit his property.
Should the criminal not pay the
eric, the injured person or family had the right to put him to
death. The punishment, though
short of the capital one, was by no
means light, and it trt least ensured compensation to the - murdered
man's relatives; a compensation
amounting to the "honor price" of
the murderer. Every man from
the king to the lowest class of tenant had what was in Irish law
termed his "honor price," and this
was forfeited In part or in whole,
according to well defined rules, for
various crimes. It was ruled that
clergymen were more responsible
people than laymen, so they were
more heavily punished than laymen. A man of high rank,was always fined more than one of low
rank' for the same misdemeanor.
An assault on a person of rank
was more severely punished than
one on an ordinary man. Fines
for crimes against the person were
particularly heavy; two cows, for
Instance, being the fine for a blow
which raised a lump but did not
draw blood. There Is no trace of
torture or of ordeal in ancient Irish
law; thc punishments awarded by
the Brehons always being of a moBt
humane character.
All the Norman chiefs who invaded and ruled over Irish tribal
lands governed their territories by
Brehon in preference to English
law, but the English denounced lt
from the earliest time of their contact with* it,
Origin and Growth
This Irish law was not produced
by a process resembling legislation, but grew up gradually round
the dicta and judgments of the
most famous Brehons. There are
only four periods mentioned In the
entire histroy of Ireland when
special laws were said to have been
enacted by legislative authority.
The great mass of the Brehon code
appears to have been traditional,
or to have grown up wtih the slow
growth of custom. Law enforcement, as we understand it, that Is
police, courts, jails, etc., Is entirely
absent from the Brehon code. No
sanction is laid down in the laws
against those who violate them,
and.there waB no state of the modern type to provide any such ae
ll. S. Lost Seven Million
Last Year—Canada
Cuts Wages
Chicago—Low pay and working
conditions of postal olerks cost the
government f 7,000,000 In mall robberies in less than a year.
This opinion 1b shared by many
postal officials in Chicago, according to statements obtained by the
United Press.
Chicago Postal Clerks Union,
charged the holdup epidemic, to the
temporary clerk system, which,
ho said, was the result of night-
work and poor pay.
Assistant Postmaster John T. Mc-
Orath said working conditions have
made practically impossible the retention of civil service clerks.
Wages earned by civil servants
of Canada are to be reduced by
wiping out the bonus.
Sir Henry Drayton said that the
bonus was merely to the tide civil
servants over the "high price" period and that it was the policy of
the government to reduce it aa the
necessity for lt disappeared. The
prime minister adduced figures to
show that living costs had declined
15 per cent., and that in view of
this, the 25 per oent. reduction
was not a large one.
Beforo making a purchase, look
up our list of advertisers on puge 7,
and then patronize one of them,
and hy so doing give Tlie Federatlonist a boost,
'tlon. This lack of the controlling
hand of a strong central government to enforce the decisions of
the Brehons waa a great inherent
weakness. When a Brehon heard
a case and delivered his judgment,
there was no official means of forcing the litigant to accept it. The
only executive authority which lay
behind the decision of the judge
was the traditional obedience and
good sense of the people. The
transactions of the Brehons, however, appear to. have always been
accepted by the common people,
and the public saw to lt that the
Brchon's decisions were carried
out. There can be no doubt whatever that the syatem trained an intelligent and law-abiding people.
Even Sir John Davles, th'e Elizabethan jurist, and a hard critic of
most things Irish, confesses "there
Is no nation or people under the
smine that doth love equall and
Indifferent justice better than the
Irish; all will rent better satisfied
with the execution thereof, although It be against themselves,
so that they may have the protec-
tlop and beneflt of the law when
they do desire lt," When a man
remained recalcitrant to the will of
the people, there was only one
thing practised, th'e community
withheld Itself from such a person.
Or tho community saw that such a
man withdrew himself from-it, and
it showed htm precisely what It
meant. In English parlance, lt
"lent htm to Coventry." A con'
temporary Irish writer has drawn
attention to the faot that the well<
known oase of Captain Boycott tn
Ireland Is an illustration of the
operation of this old.. Brehon law;
perhaps not brought into effect
knowingly by the community, but
the unconscious expression of a
tradition lying dormant in the
minds of the people. ,
Suppression of the Brehon Law
The Brehon law cede was ultimately extinguished by the English Jn every part of Ireland. So
soon as a territory was conquered
the Brehon law was stamped put,
the Brehons banished or slain, and
the land. go ven red by. English law.
The doctrine of tribal or communal ownership, or land, and the
rights of the people as apart from
the chief, would not work ln with
the English Bystem. Whenever a
chief made his submission, be was
recognized as owner, and landlord
of the territory of .the tribe, and
the territory was .adjudged to descend by primogeniture to his eldest
■on. In such manner did the mass
of the Irish people .lose their hereditary rights. , Being reduced to
the rank of ordinary tenants, and,
the native nobility soon being exterminated, they. mostly fell into
the hands of Englis*h landlords,
£nd were Anally subjected to
those notorious raok rents, which
made the name of Irish tenants
a by-word for so many generations.
A Re-inforcement for
the Brass Check Press
X-RAYS Locate Ills
Vancouver X-Ray ,
The latest addition to the ranks'
of Vancouver's Brass Check press
Ib the "Empire Weekly," published by The Empire' Canadian Publishing Company, and edited and
managed by T. J. McIIveen, who
will be remembered by Federatlonist readers as tho Individual who
discovered, and ln the columns of
the Sun propounded his brilliant solution o£ the unemployed problem,
to wit; Put the Reds down, smash
Bolshevism, and suppress the demonstrations.
The Empire Weekly, bears all
the earmarks of the professional
peacetime flag-waver, with a Union
Jack and a picture of the King on
the front page, together with the
expected admission that it is "Independent, Progressive and Upholding the Best and Noblest of Canadian and British Ideals." There
Is no motto or slogan on the editorial page, but apparently this is
due to an oversight, for the war
cry of tho Empire Weekly Is to be
found at the head of a two-column
appeal for subscriptions on page
choice of mastors Is partially indicated on page nine, where is to
be found a quarter-page eulogy,
fittingly grovelling, of W. C. Chel-
ley, the bread man, who is an advertiser ln the paper, and one of its
flnanclal backers. On page six also,
it is shown that this pie-card artist
chose one day to serve the Orange
Crush Bottling Company, nnother
advertiser, to the extent of a glowing description of that concern's
plant, product, and last but by no
means least, Its "unique" bottles.
It must bc admitted that there Is
some evidence that The Empire
Weekly is a friend of the workers,
because In its very -first Issue it
has run three pictures (pages ten
and eleven) showing the stiff engaged In two forms of activity of
dnyg gone by and one that is still
indulged In. "Prospecting in
Casslar" shows a bunch of slaves
In possession of a job. "Dinner in
a Prospector's Cabin" gives an inkling of what a life the boys used to
lead in the days of big eats (there
Is actually a beer bottle on the
table), while "Sunday Clean-up In
a B. C. Prospector's Camp" Is a
picture of real life ln 1921, with a
slave In the middle of a pogrom on
The "editor and manager" is to
be congratulated on his success in
obtaining ads, a fitting reward for
a singleness of purpose and a capacity for boot-Ifcking that should
carry him far. He knows that the
support for a paper must come
either from its readers or itB advertisers, and he criticizes in no
uncertain terms the action of "a
journal" which has appealed to its
readers to keep it alive. "You pays
your money and you takes your
choice." You can either put it up
to your subscribers to pay what
they think your paper Is worth to
them or you can get "big men" to
back you, and then describe them
(with  photograph)   as  possessing
Drugless Methods
Fully equipped for tho elimination of noncontagious chronlo allmt-iita by Natural
Methodi..   Vancouver X-Ray and Naturo-
Satiric    Institute,    014    Standard   Bonk
ulldinjr-  Phono Seymour 1077.
Legitimate Commissions
Editor B. C. Federatlonist—Sir:
I Please allow me space to deny the
absolutely falso news Item which
appeared in the Vancouver Sun of
1 April 2, relativo to the Labor Tem-
Iple sale.   I never at any stage of
['the proceedings expected or trle'l
to make more limn the usual legitimate commission on the sale. T^e
/statement that I intended to turn
I over the property  at  d' proflt of
If 10,000 Ib a falsehood,   pure   and
simple, ahd I know that the Hon.
Dr. MacLean never made such an
Every detail of the transaction
[was disclosed by me to the department of education as well aa to thc
Labor Temple Co.'b officials, fhe
Labor Temple Company was to get
every cent of the proceeds of the
sale over and above the registered
charges. This surplus would have
amounted to $27,000 had the Bale
gone through before application
was made for the appointment of
a liquidator.
As I was Instructed by an official
Qf the education department to negotiate the deal,' I had no legal
claim for commission against the
Labor Templo Company, my claim
being against the purchaser, the
department of education.
Lot me add, although it may be
unnecessary, that I am neither a
well known Liberal nor a brother
Absence from the city prevented
me from  denying   thjFa   malicious
report at an earlier date.
Yours truly,
'"exceptional business ability," and
being "personally popular; aggressively energetic and practical-
minded — generous personally.1
As a literary production the Empire Weekly Is a distinct acquisition to Vancouver journalism,
"Speaking sarcastic," it refers to
the clnwsical language In which
certain Journal assailed lt. The
following ts quoted from Its front
page article, entitled Our Policy;
"Bolshevism promised heaven, but
it gave Russia hell. Bolshevism
will do something for Canada lf
given a free rein. Let their be no
doubt on that point," The Federationist congratulates The Empire
Weekly on its achievement of the
heights of Billy SundaylBm, and
such advancement In classical English that it cnn make this use of
the word "their."
We owe our readers an apology
for devoting so much spaco to such
a purpose. The workers, however,
should understand the nature of
every section of the capitalist
Kavanagh and
Earp at Empress
(Continued from page 1)
as to the importance of possessing
a correct understanding of history,
so that we could understand how
we had arrived where we were today, he quoted the concluding
words of Labriola ln his correspondence with the Frenchman, Sorel,
on the subject of the materialist
conception of history: "To understand Is to overcome; but to overcome one must have understood."
The speaker then dealt briefly with
some of ^e criticism of the
methods of tnb S. P. of C, and as
an example of the prevailing understanding of the' workers, he
cited the fact that'an '.'estimable
old lady" had headed the polls In
Vancouver at the last election, not
to mention the eloction also of a
man who had been notoriously
active during the Btrike In 1916, as
a member of the Citizens' League,
Such a display of Intelligence was
worthy of more attention by those
who clamor for "action."
His reference to the somewhat
tarnished reputation of a local
press representative brought forth
howls of delight from the audience.
At the close he gave his Impression
of the industrial troubles prevailing
in Britain, and the apparent failure of the Triple Alliance. He
pointed out that the policy of making Labor men Privy Councillors
was not conducive to the Labor
movement.     The   usual   questions
The Largest Exclusive Men's and Boys' Shoe Store in tbe West
Men's Solid Leather
j? $6,45
A shoe we can absolutely guarantee solid leather; made
with two full soles; soft, pliable uppers, on a good broad- .
fitting last; in brown or A/J  A g*
black JpOnflO
Men's Steel-Worker Shoes, $6.00 pair.
The Men's and Boys' Shoe Specialists. ,
New Spiring Arrivals
Blue serge, guaranteed indigo dye, suit, ln men's and young
men'a styles.   Excellent value, AAA  \_\i\
suit b-*Ceb\3
Week End Specials
Hard-wearing Tweed and Worsted Suits ln smart patterns, well
i tailored with strong linings to stand the strain.
Come down and see them.   Suit	
L $34.50
DY   D     1   I iJ "Oorreot Olothes"
ariQ dlBcusslon concluded a splendid meeting.
The speakers next week will be
Kavanagh and Earp.
If you want some sample copies
of this paper for your neighbors,
call around to the office and get
To South Vancouver
and Ml Pleasant
We would like to draw -
your attention to the fact
that you can buy all your
requirements right In your
Idlstrlcts at prices that beat
anything you can get downtown. Low rent and small
overhead expenses explain it.
Here Are Some of Our Prices
black or Ag AC
brown     $0«t/0
Children's Patent Mary Janes
Best oak soles.'
Prices:   6 to 7 1-2 $1.95
8 to 10 1-2  $8.75
.11 to 2  $2.95
Boys' Brown Running Shoes
Double soles.
11 to 18 $1.75
1 to   5 $1.95
(Near Broadway)
Bring this ad. and get 5 per
cent, ofl your purchases.
Labor aid Socialist
can be obtained at
The International
Oor. Hustings and Columbia
Mall Orders Promptly
Attended to
Seattle Union Record carried
Union Offiel. li, writ, tet prlc...    We
Oa tnd attet Jan. 1. 1.20, v. wlu b.
l-ctt.1 at 112- HOWE ST.
H. Walton
BpsrlaliBt   In    Electrical    Treatment!,
Violet Ray tnd High Frequency for
Rheumatism,  Sciatica, Lumbago, Far-
•lysis, Hair   And   Scalp   Treatmenti,
Chronic Ailments.
Phone Stymour 2048
1C8 HaBtings Street Wert.
New National Hotel
SOO Outflide Rooms
Speolal Rates by the Week
Ph. Sey.  7030—1321 Granville
Largest Men's Store ln the West
In the spotlight of
the West's greatest
clothing values
is a record-breaker among our spring offerings
VALUE in style, material and wear is found in these suits vastly'
out of the ordinary. The blue serge has always been a standard here—its quality a matter of rigid policy. Colors are guaranteed fast dye.  Come in and see them—get the particulars of
our special purchase—how this wonderful value is made possible.
454749 Hastings Street East


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