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British Columbia Federationist May 25, 1923

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atrial unity: stebngth ♦<      Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)   ^ta*» political unity, victory
Fifteenth year. No. 21
$2.60 PER YEAR
Scab Herding Unions Denounced by Head of
Labor Union
American  Fascisti Organized, to Fight Workers'
[By Albert F. Coylel
(Federated Press Correswident)
I Cleveland—"Nondescript groups of
[scabs herded into company unions,"
[is the description of the new railroad
(owned labor organizations given before the annual convention of the New
Tork Central shopmen here by B. M,
'Jewell, president railway employees
department, A. F. of L. Piece-work,
seniority, wages, overtime rules, farming out of repairs, regulation of work
on equipment of non-union roads,
wero the questions which confronted
the system federation.
In a speech whioh scored the company unions, condemned inefficient
work by union workmen, and declared for united political action, Jewell
urged the shopmen to perfect their
organization and give the company
such good service that the roads
which have not yet settled will be
forced by stern necessity to do so.
I Political action is absolutely necessary, according to Jewell, if organized
labor is to maintain its economic
power. He told the shopmen, "the
time Is not far away when a union
which tries to use only the strke weapon in the flght will lose. In Omaha,
the American Fascisti has been organized to flght labor, with the mayor aa
the leader. In Chicago Charles G.
,Dawe8, former United States budget
director, has organized the Minute
Men of the Constitution, These organizations are directed against labor.
I'm not sure that Judge Cary didn't
mean what he said when in Italy, he
declared that he indorsed Musoollni
and his black-shlrted labor baiters
100 per cent.
The system  federation determined
!to demand a wage increase of 20c an
hour, lifting all classes of employees
from 70 cents to 90 cents an hour.
The proposed Increase will affect machinists, boilermakers, blacksmiths,
electricians, sheet metal workers and
carmen employed by the New York
Central and subsidiary lines. These
demands havo already been presented
to the executives of the system, with
i whom both wages and working conditions are to be discussed.
The system federation went on record favoring united political action to
I elect and support labor's candidates,
\ and passed resolutions denouncing At-
| torney General Harry M. Daughtrey
[ and the Chicago Injunction, as well as
condemning the campaign of big busl-
[ ness to lift immigration restrictions.
I Paris—The French Socialist Party
has again rejected an appeal of the
French Communists to form a united
front for the purpose of inaugurating
'a campaign against the French invasion of the Ruhr district.
(Definite Decision Arrived at
on Monday
The regular meeting of the Laborers
Union was well attended on Monday
night in the Labor Hall.   \V. Bartlett,
chairman of the Provincinl executive
of the  Trades  Congress  of Canada,
presented a 'wire sent in reply by Tom
Moore, to one from him, asking as to
i possibilities of securing a Federal
ubor Union charter.   This wire int};
Imaled that Congress would only grant
I Federal   Labor   Union   charters   to
Icivlc,   Provincial   and   Federal   em-
f ployees.
R. H, Neelands, president of the
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council
'being present, at the request of the
executive of that body, following the
appeal for assistance made by the laborers, stated that in face of the wire
received from Congress, the best
f course to pursue, would be to send
i for a charter from the Hod Carriers
and General Laborers Union.
The wire left by W. Bartlett was
laid over until the delegation, which
■ had appeared before the trades council, had reported. This delegation reported that the council had given
them a good hearing, and pointed out
that nothing could be done until a
charter was secured.
It was Anally decided thut a charter
be secured from the Hod Carriers and
General Laborers Union, and this duty
wns left in the hands of the executive,
The next meeting of the organization will be held on Monday, the 28th,
1 and all members are requested to at
tend and bring a candidate.
Rome—"The annual congress of the
■ Italian Socialist Party at Milan, under
the leadership of Lai-Karl, favored fed'
eration between the Socialist and Com
munlst parties, with eriual rcprescn
, tatlon for each on a joint committeo
of management,
At this congress the voting strength
was 10,000, compared with 220,000 at
the Leghorn congress, two and a half
years ago. The loss Is due to the
Fascist white terror, which has killed,
(tilled and intimidated thousands of
Italian workers,
Land Workers Union Stops Influx the
Influx of Polish Farm
Copenhagen—Five thousand Polish
agricultural workers, intended to flood
'he Danish farm labor market, and
nash union wages, will cultivate Po-
vd's soil Instead of Denmark's this
" V'ng and summer. The Land Work-
; '^Tnion of Denmark saw to that,
\ V employing farmers had peti-
tlV ■". i' the government for permission
to import 5000 Polish workers, alleging disastrous labor shortage. The
Land "Workers Union protested. A
special government commission fixed
wages on a scale agreed to by the
union. The land owners were told to
apply to the union for the men needed. Only in case tho union could not
supply the number, was immigration
to be authorized.
The land owners needed 1000 men.
The union supplied them all.
Earning Powers of Corporations Increase While
Wages Go Down
[By.H. M. Bartholomew]
There still continues, in the daily
press, the waitings of the capitalist
hacks. They claim that "labor costs"
are far too high, and that the exorbitant demands of "labor" prevent the
proper development of trade and industry.
Just how much Canadian industrial
life is being checked by these "exorbitant demands of labor" can be gathered from the official returns of 42
leading companies. All of these companies are the most Important of their
kind in the Dominion, and their official
returns enable us to get a good view
of the ability of Canadian capitalism
to pay higher wages.
In practically every instance, tho
earning power of these corporations
was Increased during the last year.
Most of them were able to report adequate balances applicable to payments
of dividend on preferential stocks and
common shares outstanding, whilst a
few of them were ablo to mako payments on junior securities.
Six of them failed to make anything on the common stock, whilst 28
of these corporations reported higher
percentages of earnings on their junior
stock outstanding. Twenty-four of
them reported Increased dividends on
common stock—a matter which deserves the attention of thoso who constantly demand lower wages.
Twenty of the largest of these corporations show a total net profit of
$12,209,263, as against the total of
$10,336,921; or an increase of net earnings to the nmount of $1,932,927.
This is equal to an increase, in net
profits, of nearly twenty per cent.
For the whole of the forty-two corporations, we find that the net profits
during the year 1921 amounted to
$67,$25,752, whilst during the following year, the net profits received by
the coupon clippers totalled $71,378,-
507, a fairly good increase so far as
unearned increment was concerned.
In view of the above figures, it is
positively ridiculous for the journalist
hacks of the capitalist press to claim
that business demands further reductions ln wages.
Workers Pnrty Meeting
The regular propaganda meeting of
the Workers Party will be held at
headquarters, bn Sunday, the 20th, at
303 Pender Street West. The speakers will be Comrades Carpendale and
Wells. On Saturday evening, a social
an carnival will be held In the same
hall, and all friends of organized labor
ore Invited to nttend. On Sunday afternoon, a picnic will be held at Kitsilano beach, and not at Central Park,
as previously announced.
Workers Object to Boycott
of   Soviet
Washington—The action taken by
the executivo council A. F. of L„ to
compel central labor unions and local
bodies affiliated with the Federation
to'boycott the Russian government, Is
receiving criticism in labor circles
"I do not know what Seattle did to
arouse the oouncll to take action
agalnat it, but the council's pronouncement would seem to place the
Federation In the position of establishing a sort of censorship over Central Labor Unions and local unions. I
would not say It wos wise action," said
William H. Johnston, presidont International machinists union, which has
gone on record favoring recognition
of Russia.
"I do not approve of the council's
statement that the Russian government Is trying to destroy the American trade union movement. That represents Mr, Gompers' position. Mr.
Gompers has many views with which
I do not agree. I think some fool
friends of Russia may bo trying to
destroy tho Americnn trade union
movement, but I don't think the Russian government Is.
"The exocutive council's action will
not affect the machinists, It can not
be applied to our organization or any
of the international bodies."
Hand The Federatlonist to your
shopmate when you are through with
Action of Gompers Against
Radicals Is Resented in
Sound City
Matter May Be Referred to
Next Convention of
A. F. of L.
[By B. W. Shlmmonst
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Seattle-r-Attempts to stop the lifting
of the Seattle Central Labor Council
charter by the A, F. of L. for alleged
violation of Its constitution and general policies are being made.
General inside opinion is that the
charter will be lifted as part of President Gompers' campaign against the
"radicals" in the A. F. of L. movement
the Seattle council being looked upon
as the centre of radicalism in the
Officials of the council profess that
the council is now perfectly regular or
as nearly so as possible. They believe
that past actions should not be weighed in the balance.
The A. F. of L. letter of a month
ago giving the council two months in
which to reply showing why its charter should not be lifted, charged seating of delegates from non-affiliated organizations; using council meetings for
the promotion of Russian and India
political affairs instead of regular Labor union business; handing A. F. of
L. non-partizan political communications over to the Farmer-Labor Party,
which had been indorsed by the council, and not co-operating with the
State Federation of Labor.
One committee is seeking to safeguard llnanclal and other interests of
the council so they will not be jeopardized by any action the A. F. of L.
may take. Chief of these Is the controlling stock of the Seattle Union Record Publishing Co.
If delays can be obtained matters
concerning the regularity of the Seattle Council can be brought before the
notional A. F. of L. convention In Portland, Ore., next October, and a fair
bearing given on all charges. There
Secretary James A. Duncan, who
aroused Gompers' ire several years ago
with a One Big Union resolution in an
A. F. of L. convention, will have opportunity again to cross swords with
Gompers. Duncan is the dominant
figure in the Seattle Council,
A Point Worth Watching
Numerous complaints as to non-delivery of The Federationist are received in a year, btu the fault is not
with the mailing department. If you
chongo your address, send in a notice
to that effect and also the old address
as well as the new one, and we will
attend to the rest.
Buffalo—Free speech as an American right will be defended against the
Buffalo police by the local organization of the Civil Liberties Union. A
mass meeting Is being arranged to
which Carlo Tresca, antl-Facist speak-J
er, whose recent meeting was broken
up by the potice, will be the principal
speaker, Mayor Frank X. Schwab
has beon formally requested to give
police protection If necessary,
Organization Work in Van-)
couver Brings
A. J. Crawford, International representative of the Sheet Metal Workers,
left on Saturday last for Calgary. The
local union Initiated twelve new members at the last meeting, and it ls expected that there will be further Increases In the membership of the
local within the next two weeks as a
result of the efforts that have Heen
put forth ln reorganlzatipn work.
While trade is not brisk, the* number of men who have left town for
points south of the line have improved local conditions considerably, and
'while the agreement with the employers does not run out for sometime, it
Is expected that when new demands
are made, there will be little difficulty
ln negotiating a new wage scale.
Money Trust in Australia
Has a Big Scheme
on Hand
Federated Industries Secure
Brass Check Press
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Federated Tress Correspondent)
Melbourne, Australia—The money
trust of Great Britain Is preparing a
huge scheme for the exploitation of
Australian workers.
Bound up with the wholesale immigration of unemployed workers from
Great Britain to Australia, a campaign Is conducted by the Australian
anti-Labor .governmtT.ts for the
breaking down of wages and increasing of hours,
The scheme engineered by the Federation of British Industries, representing 18,000 manufacturing firms,
with a united capital estimated at
It Is an all-powerful concern. In
England 66 members of the Houso of
Commons and 70 members of the
House of Lords are directors of companies coming under its jurisdiction.
To create a suitable atmosphere In
Australia, the federation has made
arrangements to hire the Australian
brass check press to act as a propaganda medium. In a secret circular
issued by the federation, the following statement appears:
"In Australia arrangements have
been concluded with the standard
morning papers for the publication of
a series of twelve full pages, each to
be used collectively by the Federation
of British Industries. The appeal will
be strengthened by the inclusion In
the centre of each page of suitable
editorial  matter."
Purchasing Power of
Wages Is Being
Real Wages of Wealth Producers Are
[By H. M. Bartholomew]
It has often heen stated, by Marxists, that the condition of the working
class, relative to the position of the
capitalist class, ls steadily getting
worse. During the la3t few days striking confirmation of this statement has
been supplied by the Harvard 3ureau
of Economic Research.
The bureau provides us with eome
very interesting figures re wagea in
thc United States. The purchasing
power of wages in the manufacturing
industries had a purchasing power in
191B (In terms of the dollar's purchasing power ln 1899) at $420 per worker, compared with $426 in 1899.
Whilst the actual earnings per worker
in 1919 had risen to $1159, they would
not buy as much of the necessaries of
life as $426 would buy in 1899.
The wage minimum fixed by the
Philadelphia Bureau of Municipal Research was $19.92, only $160 more
than the amount set by the National
Industrial Conference Board as the
minimum necessary for the maintenance of a family of textile workers in
Lawrence, Mass, It is $600 below the
minimum of health and efficiency set
by the United States Bureau of Labor.
It Is therefore interesting to note that
the average earnings of a worker in
the United States ln 1919 was $1159.
During the period under review, the
wealth produced Increased by one-
third. On the other hand, the workers of the United States, taking the
purchasing power of 1899 as a basis
in computing the purchasing power
of the dollar, earned less by sums ranging as high as $440 millions a year,
whilst the aggregate underpayment of
the workers of that country during
the twenty years amounts to more
than 3.5 billions.
In other words, whilst the workers
constantly increased the amount of
wealth produced, their position economically was getting constantly worse.
Dresden, Germany — Proletarian
guards are drilling in Saxony with the
sanction of the Social-Democratic gov-
enrment, who depends for its life on
the benevolent neutrality of the Communist deputies in the legislature.
Th? political editor of the Neueste
Nachrlchten, a bourgeoisie paper, says
that the workers are swinging leeward
and that Saxony will not have a proper (that Is, non-Socialist) government for a long time. The proletarian guards have been created to offset the Bavarian white guards and to
nip Saxon fascism. The editor thinks
they are the work of Moscow. They
drill like good Germans.
Lonaconing, Md.—Thomas W. Allen, heading a Labor ticket, has bcen
elected mayor of Lonaconing. He won
over a "law and order" candidate, receiving olmost twice as many votes.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
They Asked for Bread and Got War Memorials
On the vote In the House of Com-fgard  I speak  for the returned menf their  fathers and  brothers who did
mons for $10,000 for plans to erect a
war memorial In Ottawa, tho Labor
members protested against the expenditure, r Their speeches, as reported in
Hansard, follow:
Mr. Woodsworth: It seems to me
that at this time a protest ought to be
made against the government going
on with n work of this character, and
that on several grounds. First of all,
we should not be asked to make a
preliminary grant without having
some very definite Idea as to tho actual expenditure involved, If this
$10,000 Is spent on plans, we shall
probably have the government coming next year with a very elaborate
scheme, and one of the pleas for a larger expenditure will be that this vote
has been spent, and ft ought not to be
spent In vain. At this time, when we
are trying to save money, and restricting departmental expenditures which
could render necessary services and
desirable to the peoplo, I think we
might very well economize on such a
project ub this. Thero are people all
over this country who are struggling
to meet the enormous burdens of debt
that we are now carrying. We are
adding, this year, we are told only this
afternoon, $50,000,000 more of debt.
I speak for at lenst one section of the
people when I say that, however desirable It may be to add works of art
to the capital, wc ought not at this
particular time, with the poople burdened with debt as they are, to Incur
any moro expense than Is absolutely
essential, Further than that, thero
are a great mnny of those who went
oveineos who ure not fully provided
for at the present time. This government can not set! its way to provido
anything for the unemployed, and
therc(are thousands of men who spent
several years overseas who aro today
suffering and Whose families are suffering. In connection with the proposed monument, I bad a rather bitter
letter sent me from a woman in tho
West, who I know very well. I think
I shall read It. because It reveals tho
feeling, not of tho few, but of hun-
drodH of roturned men and of their
wives, I have hundreds of them In
my own constituency, and In this re-
themselves. This woman,-whose husband was out of work, had to put her
children awny for a time In order that
she might work and try to keop things
going.   The letter reads:
"May I suggest that instead of
spending money on the fallen, they
spend the money for the clothing,
feeding and sheltering of the men who
had the great misfortune to return to
Canada with their lives. It is no fault
of theirs if they are not among the
so-called "glorious dead." Had these
men returned, they would be In the
same category as their living comrades—In the bread line, and the recipients of old clothes (by appeals in
the press), doles, poverty, Hastings
Park, etc. Canada has already forgotten those men who served Canada
for the profiteer, and saved poverty
and misery for themselves. Yes, our
children will remember when they see
.May SEfttli to .Mine 1st
FRIDAY, May 25—Plumbers &
Steamfltters, Milk Salesmen
and Dairy Employees, Granite Cutters.
SUNDAV, May 27—-Typographical Union, 2 p.m.
MONDAY, May 28—U. B. Carpenters H Joiners, No. 452,
Electrical Workers No. 310,
Structural Iron Workers,
Federal Lnbor Union.
THURSDAY, May 31—Steam &
Oporating Engineers No. 844.
come back, sick, miserable and In
want. We are told there is no money
to provido decent constructive work.
No, but they eould find money for war
and for the destruction of life, but nothing to conserve life.
"Thinking people are tired of this
hypocritical cant about the dead. Let
us nttend lo the living. We dross up
the dead with cenotaphs, etc., and we
refuse thc living bread,"
I am not accusing the government,
in attempting to erect a monument, of
forfeiting the living, but I do sny that
until thore can be fuller provision
made for the living, we ought to hesitate about erecting a monumont in
marble. One other thing which I
think ought to be said is this: That in
commemorating tho war, there ought
to bo the utmost care exercised as to
the character of that commemoration.
No man of this generation ls likely to
forget thc Great War. It has touched
too many of our homes. We are
struggling beneath an enormous national debt, becnuse of the great war.
The whole world today Is upside down
to a large extent because of the wur,
and I for one, want to protest once
more that, however we may accord
the utmost sympathy to the men who
risked their lives und the many who
gave their lives at the front, wc must
bo very careful lost In any sense whatever we glorify war or militarism. If
there is any monument erected at all,
whilst it might contain some tribute
to the men who gave their lives, it
also ought to point out that, after nil,
wnr is, from the beginning to the end.
a miserable failure. The monument
ought tr> commemorate the failure of
the war to obtain one of the slightest
things for which we went to war. In
snying tbls I speak not merely from
the standpoint of a fow Individuals,
for a vory large section of the working
clans, nml in addition to that, for a
lnrge section of the people of Canada,
who as a rule, do not get their opinions before the public. I feci that I
could not let this opportunity puss
without protesting ngninst the erection
of n manument of this kind.
Mr. Mackenzie King: I nm surprised
, (Continued on page 4)
Sockty-rfor Technical Aid to Russia
Receives Instructions on
New York—The Soolety for Technical Aid to Russia, has received the
following announcement from Moscow:
"The permanent committee regulating the agricultural and industrial re-
immigration has had numerous reports ln regard to immigrants who
still ignore the ruling of the government that the Russian boundaries are
closed for general unorganized immigration and keep on going to Germany
at their own risk, in order to get Into
"Persons coming to Germany with
the view to proceed to Russia, without
a permission from the permanent
committee or its authorized representative in America, the S. T. A. S. R.,
will not be admitted Into Russia."
Concerted Drive to Be Made
on Railroad Organizations
[By Harry Godfrey]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
New York—The partial success of
some of the railroads in replacing A.
F. of L, unions with so-called company unions—aptly described as lolly-
pop unions—is to be followed by a
concerted drive of some of these roads
to eliminate the A. F. of L, from the
railroad Industry, except for the Big
Four rail unions. The anti-craft
union offensive, according to persons
who claim to know, is to be directed
against the machinists, telegraphers,
carmen, electrical workers, blacksmiths, boiler makers, sheet metal
workers, clerks, stenographers, signalmen, maintenance of way workers,
stationary firemen, oilers and switchmen.
Of these, the federated shop crafts
are represented in six union organizations. The railroads are particularly
annoyed at them, and at the clerks,-
becauso they have In a number of
coses recently taken demands to the
rail labor board.
The tactics of the roadB in this
ponding union smashing campaign
probably will be to call upon the
unions attacked to prove that they represent a majority of tbe men in their
respective classifications. The rail officials nre said to believo that a sufficiently lnrge number of employees In
these branches have succumbed to tho
eonrpany unions so that the A. F. of
L. unions no longer can show enrollments of a mnjority of the workers.
This method of nttack may be understood in the light of lnbor board
procedure, which permits the companies to call for a ballot to determine
how representative a petitioning organization is. The board has held that
to make its claim valid, a labor organization must show that it represents more than 50 per cent, of the
workers' strength.
C'aipcmers' Meeting
On Monday next the United Brotherhood oif Carpenters and Joiners,
Local 452, will hold a regular meeting.
At this meeting the first distribution of
free tickets for the raffle on the car
owned by the local, will he made, and
all members nro requested to attend,
as business of specinl importance will
be transacted.
Bloomington. III.—Twenty-live hundred Chicago * Alton malntennnce-of-
way employees, through tbeir union
representatives, have secured wage increases ranging from $3 to $10 n
month for foremen, and from 2 to 5
cents an hour for carpenters', effective Mny 16.
Serve Purpose of Transpor-
1 tation Companies to
Defeat Unions
Cleveland — "Many rumors nre
afloat that this road, that rond, ur
some road hns lucreused the wnges of
the men In transportation service,"
says Grand Chief Warren S, Stone,
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers. "These ore simply Idle rum ord
as all thc roads of uny Importance
have a signed ngreement, effective until September, October or November
of this yenr, nnd their schedule could
not he opened even if thc men were
so inclined. There has been no Increase in wages for any of the men in
tho transportation service during the
pust several months, or nt least until
after their agreements hnve expired,
"It Is true that a few of the roads,
In order to mako a showing, havo
given their company unions a slight
Incrense. This Is only for the effect
it will have, und Is simply u Hhrewd
political move. This innocent kitten
—tho company union—which muny
of the railroads are playing with—-
nnd which is now purring while they
ure potting It, will later on become a
full-grown tiger, and will bo clawing
at their vitals thc first thing they
know. In fnct, some of tho fnr-soeing
railroad executives acknowledge this,
but say the company union serves a
certain purpose at the presont,"
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day tor a subscription.
Books Eagerly Sought by
Educationalists, Says
Rev. Mr. Strong
Methods    of    Developing
Child Expression
Berlin—Books on education are feverishly sought by Russian school authorities, reports the Rev, Sydney
Strong, former Seattle pastor, who
toured Russia last winter.
"When in Moscow," Strong says, "I
talked with Krupsgaia (Madame Lenin) and ShatBky, the Dewey of Russia. Books of experimental schools.
industrial schools, rural schools, open
air schools, agrlculaural schools, and
out of school activities, clubs, self-
government of children, etc., are
much wanted. Books on latest methods m children's homos also. Shat-
sky mentioned especially children's
colonies, where they live and work,
especially on an agricultural basis; he
wanted reports and information about
the George Junior Rcpublls, etc. Ke
mentioned something known as Robinson Crusoe excursions, and wanted
especially any methods of developing
children through self expression in
contact with life. Recent developments In boys and girls clubs (I suggest Campflre girls among others) are
"My daughter, Anna Louise Strong,
recently brought back from England
a few books that were much appreciated. Margaret McMillan's Nursery
School is probably going to be at once
translated into Russian. The medical
reports of the board of education in
England interested them also. Moscow alone has now 33 forest schools
for pre-tubercular children, where
they tako children from the clt>v, harden them up in a year or two, and
then send them back to their ordinary
schools again. Moscow has a large
numbor of experimental schools,
whore they nre working out relations
between school and factory (In winter), nnd school and farm (in summer). They are also working on ideas
of self-supporting education—due to
the great demand for education and
the little money to meet It. '
"Books and periodicals received by
the Stale Council are read, and digests
nnd articles about any new idoas printed and circulated through tho teaching force Jn Russia, which is very
scattered, poor and poorly equipped.
But very desirous of knowing the latest methods, Material should he sent
to N. Krupskavia, State Council of
Education. 6 Stretinsky Boulevard,
Moscow, Russia.
"If persons object to sending material to a governmental department in
Russia, perhaps they might send direct to the First Experimental Station of Education, Shntsky, 14, Mall
Dimltrovska, Moscow. This Is n modern experimental school orgunized ln
1905, somewhat along.Dewey lines."
Strong expects to tie in Europe until September. Address American Express, 6 Haymarket, London.
Now   Turns Out Agricultural Machinery and
False Teeth
I By Louis I*. Lochner]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Essen, Germany—From long range
rapid firing guns lo artificial teeth und
surgical Instruments of platin steel is
quite n distance, It was travelled
within less thnn three years by the gigantic firm of Frederloti Krupp, the
symbol throughout the world of armament manufacture,
The entire Krupp plant has been
transformed. Swords tor their more
hideous modern successors, thc Big
Bertha cannon) have lieen beaten
into plowshares. The Krupps turn'
out agricultural machinery, railway
engines, automobile trucks, merchant
ships, steel bridges, and a thousand
nnd one smaller things. Artificial
teeth and surgical instruments nre but
two of the moro than &7 varieties of
articles manufactured In whut were
once the most extensive urmninentss
plant}1 in the world.
Thc chnnge has come about without
change of technicul engineers or skilled workers. Watch nnd clock mnking, moving picturo manufacturing
and the construction of optical nnd
microscopical Instruments come ensily
to the large staff of skilled workers
and eg!Peers formerly engaged In perfecting the delicate mechanism of rapid-firing guns. New types of turbine
engines are being evolved. Diesel
motors are being Improved, better
processes of steel sought.
Al tbe Krupp establishment, the
works councils, mndo up of delegates
from tbe various shops, play nn important pnrt. I talked on this point
with oue of the chief directors of the
Krupp Essen establishment. "We accept the works council ns u fnct," ho
said. "The system works well with
London—A motion calling for tbe
recognition by employers of the trade
unions of so-called blnck coated workers, clerks, school teachers, etc., has
been .introduced in parliament by u.
Labor member and passed without a
division. PAGE TWO
____W___ year,  no. 21 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b.o.
FRIDAY May 26, 18:
Published every Friday morning by Tlie B. C. Federatlonist
Buslneas Olllce:   1129 Howe Street
Editorial   Offlce:    Room   300—319   Pender   Street   Wost
Editorial Board:   P. R. Bensough, R. H. Neelands, J. M.
Clark, Georgo Hartley. _
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, $3.00 per
yoar; Canada, .2.50 per year, $1.50 for six months; to
Unions subscribing ln a body, 10c per member per
Unity of Labor: Tho Hopo of the World
..May 20,  1023
Financial Magnates and Prosperity
pEOSPBRITT, THAT CHIMERA of tlio worker,
•*• and the small business man, is still a long way
off, if local conditions are taken into consideration.
But, as so often said, green fields arc far away—
they lie in distant lands, and are appealing to thc
imagination of those who seek pastures new for
their endeavors. For months, members of thc working class of Canada have been leaving the country,
because of thc conditions prevailing in this last
great west, which to say the least, do not appear to
be any loo prosperous.
* *        *
South of the line, in that great country of the
brave and the free, wages have been higher and
conditions better than they havo been in Canada.
The butter has been spread a little thicker, and the
beefsteaks have been cut with a culinary utensil,
which does not pare as thin as a safety razor, The
ham and eggs have been more plentiful, and as a
result, the hungry slave has sought the better eats
and the trough where there was more to bc secured.
* *        *
Thc building trades have been "prosperous" in
the United States. Wages have been raised, and
tho hopes of the workers ascended in accordance
with thc raise in the amount of the building permits taken out. But along comes the financier. He
says this has got to stop. He determines that
wages arc too high, and demands that all large
construction work eease, and the Mecca of the
building tradesmen of Canada ceases to be, and the
workers of the United States see their prosperity
vanishing like snow beforc the heat of the sun.
This is a doleful story. In fact it is the story of
blasted hopes, and blighted ambitions. But it is
capitalism. If the workers wonld only realize it,
they would not seek the pot of gold at the foot of
the rainbow, but would organize to secure the utmost that they can get under capitalism. They
would organize politically, as well as industrially.
It is true that thc building trades workers in the
United States have had thoir wages raised, and that
conditions have been improved, but the fact remains that the influx of Canadian workmen into
that country, lured by the larger food trough, has
not aided thc American worker. In fact the employers, having recognized that there arc numbers
of men seeking jobs, have decided to cut down
construction work until labor costs—in other words
—wages, are lower. The moral is that Canadian workers should attend to the building up of
their own organizations, and the development of
working elass solidarity, so that they may in the
land in which they live, secure the necessities of life, and prepare for the day when the working class will be freed from bondage. Immigration
may be good for the employing class and transportation companies, but it never got the workers
anything but a repetition of the old conditions, unemployment and starvation. In the meantime, the
green fields are being withered by the blasts of
capitalistic policy, and thc only chance for the
worker is to tend to his own business in the locality in which he resides.
New Premiers and the Working
pi.J_AT ISIUTAIN has a new premier. One capi-
' talistic puppet has been displaced with another.
With thc sick man, the late Premier Bonar Law, as
a man, the working elass or that section of it which
recognizes its position, will have nothing but sympathy, for the workers are the kindliest disposed
individuals on tbe face of thc earth. Tbey know
what sickness and misery mean. They realize that
when sickness enters their homes, that it means
privations, and all the anxieties whieh arise out of
the conditions over whieh they have no control,
and for that, reason alone, the British workers will
not, have anything but sympathy with the man who
while opposed to them in ideas, has had to quit because of ill-health.
*        *        *
Thc new premier, however, will not mako any
difference to the conditions under which the workers of thc Old Land toil. They will still be compelled to work at the lowest subsistence level. They
will still suffer unemployment, and the statement in
the press to the effect that the Labor Party would
not stand for a member of the House of Lords be-
' ing the premier, cither shows that the Labor Party
does not understand the position of the workers, or
that thc press has misquoted tbe leaders of that
pa,'ty- *        *
. s. .
The new premier will do as ho is told, or like
David Lloyd George, he will get out. No premier,
no matter whether he comes from the petty hour
geois, or from the ranks of thc aristocracy, could
last in a capitalistic government if he did not conform to the dictates of his masters, who arc thc
real powers behind the puppets of the present ruling class. It has been stated that labor is unrepresented in the House of Lords, and that for this
reason the British Labor Party was opposed to
Lord Curzon being premier. This may be so, but
with the situation as it is, and the workers of Great
Britain suffering from the present form of society,
it makes no difference to thom whether the premier is a commoner or a member of thc House of
Lords, thc only thing which affects them is that
they are the slaves of a ruling elass which exploits
them, and that they can not get away from their
misery under the present system, no matter who
may bc the figure-head of thc government. Thc
new premier may have had a meteoric rise in the
counsels of thc British government, but the working elass political movement will have a career,
that will in days to come, not only be spectacular,
but will prove the turning point in human history
and show that Labor is fit, not to govern, but to
provide for the wants of humanity.
The Third International and the
Philosophy of Misery
rilPFICULT as the Labor movement may appear
to thc average worker, it evidently seems moro
of a complex thing to thc hack writers of the capitalistic press. From some of the writings of the
newspaper editors, it eould be assumed that the
Labor movemont was the invention of some individuals who had designs more intricate than those of
a Turkish carpet, while to the indifferent student
of the working class movement, there appears to bc
no design at all, but merely a senseless tirade
gainst conditions as they exist, in thc ranks of the
But recent publications, especially from the
presses of the government of this country, show
that as the conditions of thc workers become better, nnd the more they receive in the shape of food,
loihing and shelter, the more aggressive they become, (liven the necessities of life, the average
working man gains courage, because of the fact
that he has sustenance which will enable him to
retain his physical condition, and by so doing, increase his mental powers.
The philosophy of misery, the suggestion that the
poorer the workers became, and the greater their
misery, thc more active and revolutionary the workers become is played out. It will not pass muster any
ongcr in thc ranks of those who understand the
working class movement. The proof of the pudding is in thc eating, and if working class history
proves anything, it demonstrates that the submerged never did and never will have the courage or
thc stamnia to face the present ruling class, and
hallcngc its power.
This thought has bcen brought forward by the
press of this city, which points ont that the Labor
organizations have declined in membership during
the period of trade depression.    One local newspaper, commenting' on this fact, states as follows:
The international unions show the greatest
loss iu numbers, and there may be some significance in this fact.   What is most striking is
that thc One Big Union, which was founded in
1919, does not now appear to be a factor in the
Labor movement in Canada. Of the thirty-four
branches reported in .1921, only onc has given
any information, the inference being that the
abandonment of the movement has been general.  Out of a reported membership of 5300 in
1921, enrollment appears to have dwindled to
about one hundred.
Thc One Big Union appears to have been an
offspring of the Third International of Moscow, which frankly declares its object to bc "a
struggle with force of arms for the suppression
of international bourgeoisie and the creation of
an international Soviet Republic as a transitional stage for the complete suppression of the
state." Evidently Canada is not ripe for sueh
revolutionary aggressiveness by members of
Labor organizations.
It may be possible that the suggestion that the
International unions have been the greatest losers
in the number of members during the period of depression is correct—that is but natural if the suggestion that trade depression creates stagnation in
the ranks of organized labor, as it docs in business,
but thc reference to the Third International and the
connections between that organization and the O.
B. U. is certainly not correct, for the O. B. U. has
repudiated the Third International, while the latter,
organization is supporting the International unions.
It is true that The Federationist supported the
O. B. U. in its early stages, but time has proven
that the workers have not let realized the elass nature of society, and the Third International has
also recognized this fact, and takes the stand that
secession movements are not in the best interests of
thc wage workers. In other words, unless the
workers are prepared to fight for every day conditions ,and to use thc machinery at hand, they will,
as Marx said, become a mob without hopo of salvation. The miserable philosophers, and the capitalistic press can take all the satisfaction they can get
out of the decline in membership of the trade
unions, but the faet remains that the militant section of the International Trade Union movement of
this continent, is the only bulwark against reaction
and the complete subjection of the workers to a
capitalistic dictatorship.
Upton Sinclair, exposer of ruling class lies in the
capitalistic press, has been arrested. At the time
of his arrest, he was reading thc constitution of
the land of thc Brave and Free. If tliis is sedition,
then thc ruling class mut be ashamed of their own
Press dispatches indicate that Soviet Russia is
backing down to Great Britain. But press dispatches have "indicated" many things which on
investigation have not been found to lie correct, so
in tliis instance we will reserve judgment with this
reservation, that wo have our doubts.
•ANE OP .THE heaviest costs of the"
*-' war Is our loss of the sense of the
value of free speech and publication.
Everywhero has heen manifested a
disposition to extend the emergency
censorship of war Into thc time of
peace, and to apply it to check all
vital criticism cl things as they are.
Jn France, as in Russia, the ruthless
suppression of opinions hostile to the
government has been systematic and
avowed. In America many States have
recently passed laws to suppress "disloyal" utterances, and to regulate the
teaching in schools and colleges. It
could, therefore, be no great matter of
surprise that Sir John Eutcher should,
with some considerable backing, introduce into the House of Commons last
week "a Bill to prevent the teaching
of seditious doctrines or methods to
the young, and for other purposes
connected therewith."
A certain crude cunning was displayed in his advocacy of this measure
to keep things in the dark. No reasonable person would approve of
pumping strong controversial politics
and economics into the tender and receptive mind of children. Whether it
be done under the guise of Catholicism
or of patriotism, it is talcing an unfair
advantage of tlio innocent. Sane educationalists would be exceedingly
chary of stirring in thc young a spirit
either of rebellion or of submissivo-
ness. But to make such teaching
criminal is quite another matter. We
hold it very wrong to excite the fighting and acquisitive instincts of children by flag-worship, Jingo history, and
Empire days, but we would not fine or
imprison teachers for such treason to
the Intelligence. Even were Sir John
Butcher right in pretending that his
bill is directed at the preaching of "a
rebel spirit, hatred and disaffection
against the King and the constitution," forcible suppression would be
the worst remedy. For every tyro in
politics knows that persecution inflames this rebel spirit. Moreover.
Communist or Socialist parents cannot be stopped from gathering their
children into groups on Sundays and
talking to them on matters of current
interest. Wore the movement of the
dimensions Sir John Butcher pretended, an army of juvenile spies would
be required to enforce his law. In
point of fact, Sir John, like others who
see red, is dismally ill-informed. He
talked of 100 Communist schools, alleging that his measure was directed
exclusively against them. He could
not name one such school, though
several very likely exist.
Now, there does exist a large number of Socialist and Labor schools
whose teaching, we are glad to Imagine, has some influence upon thc
children of our laige industrial towns.
It is certain Mr. Bon Turner was right
in assuming that the liberties of these
schools were aimed at, and that Sir
John Butcher's friends are really
afraid, not of Communism, which has
no real root in this country, but of
Labor-Socialism, which grows more
powerful every year. When he cited
for particular reprobation the doctrine
that private property is robbery, the
cat miowed iu the bag. For though
Socialism does no teach that private
property is robbery, it does teach that
ownership of the means of production
la an instrument of robbery.
And so we get to the heart of the
matter. Alike here and in America Is
kept up the solemn fiction that legal
force Is required to prevent a violent
overthrow of the constitution, whereas the real aim of these good folk Is to
stop criticism of the ethics of money-
getting. The "order of things" sacred
to them is the exclusive ownership of
land, capital and business opportunities, which secures wealth for them
and illth for the majority of their fellows. The "sedition" and "poison" of
Laborism and Socialism consist in the
attack upon these fortresses of economic privilege. Sir John and his friends
are afraid not of "The Young Communist" and its envenomed but quite
futile rhetoric, but of the just and reasonable demands of the workers for
an "order of things" conformable to
justice and humanity, and involving a
loss of wealth and power to the economic oligarchy. It is not any Communist manifesto which frightens our
profiteers, but the policy of peaceful
constitutional revolution, sketched by
Mr. and Mrs. Webb, and held in substance by the solid body of the Labor
Party.. For such a revolution violence
will be unnecessary, if education of
the electorate be permitted. Is It the
desire of defenders of the vested interests to obstruct this education ,and to
bring a conflict of violence in which
they judge thoir control of scientific
force, will enable them to prevail? Do
they really feel that their defence of
thc old "order of things" b.v intellectual and moral weapons is so feeble
lhat their only hope lies In preventing
their enemies' case from getting a
hearing? Probably they have not
clearly thought out this tactic. But
they are no doubt seriously alarmed,
not merely at thc advance of Labor-
Sociallam in the places whero discontent ls to be expected, but at the de
fection of tho younger educated citizens from the cause of "the defence
of property." It has taken several
generations of education to shake tho
general belief in the fundamental
tightness and utility of the "system"
of the "devil take tho hindmost," and
to show it responsible for poverty,
unemployment, loss of liberty, elass
and international war. Even now the
education is not complete. Capitalism
is still engaged, both here and In
America, in constructing, by means of
its intellectual mercenaries, novel defences to replace the broken fortresses
of the clasnlcal political economy, and
In buying off the workers with cheap
There is a naive humor In this silly
exhibition by Sir John Butcher. But
we know what his 'seditious teaching"
means. It means teaching children
the elements of an economic analysis
which explains how Sir John and his
friends came into possession of their
money, aud how the powers and privileges of ownership corrupt the
sources of democracy, and by degrading the livelihood, and the material
and moral environment of the masses
of the people, make our civilization
the mean and ugly thing it is. By
gagging the honest discussion of these
evils Sir John would exasperate them
until they broke out in a disorderly
violence with which he and his friends
perhaps think they "would know how
to deal." But though Sir John dwelt
with glowing indignation upon the
wicked teaching in these Sunday
schools, he confined his quotations to
the Communist schools, which, as we
see, are not the real target at which
ho aims, The precepts adopted by the
Socialist Sunday schools deserve citation as furnishing an adequate answer
to the slanders which have often been
thrown against them by febrile orators.   They run as follows;
1. Love your school fellows, who
will be your fellow workmen In lifo.
ii. Love learning, which ls the food
of the mind; be as grateful to your
teacher as to your parents.
3. Make every day holy by good
and useful deeds and kindly actions.
4. Honor good men, be courteous
to aU men, bow down to none.
5. Do not hate or speak evil of
anyone. Do not be revengeful, but
stand up for your rights and resist oppression,
6. Do not be cowardly. Be a friend
to the weak, and love justice.
7. Remember that all the good
things of the earth are produced by
labor. Whoever enjoys them without
working for them is stealing the bread
of the workers.
8. Observe and think in order to
discover the truth. Do not believe
what Is contrary to reason, and never
deceive yourself or others.
9. Do not think that those who
love their own country must hate and
despise other nations, or wish for war,
which Is a remnant of barbarism.
10. Look forward to the day when
all men and women will be free citizens of one fatherland and live together as brothers and sisters In peace
and righteousness.
The government of this Province has published
lhe report of Mr. George Wilkinson, who was ap
pointed to investigate the Cumberland disaster
wliich occurred in February. This report is
lengthy, and "covers" mueh ground, but it niight
at this time be opportune to again ask thc govern
ment when the minister of mines is going to come
out from behind the ghost of that dead Chinaman.
Drugless Healing
THERE is no pineo on thc Pacific
Coast that lias the equipment we
hnvo for the removal of the cause of
disease. Wu nro specialists in skin
dlsenses, loss of mnnhooii, and goneral
debility. Wo can show you if you
arc bothered with any of the above.
We havo tho equipment, the experience, and the knowledge that only
this experience can give. If you
want real Scientific Service, seo US.
JLlownie Sanitarium
314 Standard Bank Bldg.
Sey. 603, High. 2134L
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Undermuslins Moderately
Knickers o_ fancy muslin, in .flesh or white, wth
elastic at waist and knee, $2.75 a pair.
Knickers of sateen, in black, white, mauve or flesh,
at $1.95 and $2.75 a pair.
Cotton Crepe Knickers, with elastic at waist and
knee, finished with hemstitched frill, in pink, sky or
mauve, at $1.65 a pair.
Nightgowns of fine muslin, in slip-over style with
V, square or round necks, finished with hemstitching and colored embroidery; flesh, sky, peach or
orchid, at $2.50.
Sets, consisting of step-ins and chemise, in mull or
fancy voile, some finished with dainty net edgings
and others with hand embroidery; colors blue, pink,
mauve or peach, at $1.95 for each garment.
—Drysdale's Lingerie Shop, Second   Floor.
575 Granville Street
Phone Seymour 3540
Liberal Unity is now put forward for the teenth
time by Mr. Lloyd George as a solution of thc difficulties of Great Britain. He also states that no
government can control the European situation.
We hate to say it, but that is what The Federationist and other working elass papers have bcen
saying for a long time. And we venture to assert
that not even a Liberal government, with the wily
Welshman at its hoad, can not save capitalism.
The onc question that the workers of this Provinee should concern themselves with, ds the question of organization. It is useless to imagine that
conditions will drop out of the clouds like manna.
The working class movement has not bcen built on
indifference, but on hard work—at times misdirected—but at all times mistakes have been the
direct cause of new policies being formulated, lf
you do not like the present Labor movement, and
imagine it could be changed, what about taking a
hand in thc task? Is it too big for you, if so quit
squawking and let those who arc doing the. work,
have at least a chanco to get somewhere.
Dayfoot's Logging Boots
They are made of the best chrome uppers and oak
tan sole leather; prices
$11.50 $12.50 $13.50
Khaki Shirts $1.50
Our Headlight Overalls carry
the union label.
Men's Work Shirts, military grey $1.25
Men's Gloves, double
palms $1.25
Boys' Boots, all solid leather
We have several lines of
Shirts made for men of heavy
Blankets, per pair $3.00
Stetson Hats $8.50
Other good makes of Hats
from  $2.00
London—The one clinic in England
at which birth control information is
given to women individually Is bringing happiness and freedom from
worry to many women, and has resulted in happier home relations, «c-
cording to the physician in charge.
The clinic, established in 1021 in East
Street, Walworth ltoad, London, has
been the Mecca lor women from Scotland. Ireland, the Midlands, and even
from the occupied territory in Germany.
Tho greatest nssistanco thnt tbe
readers of Tlie Ferteratloulst can render us nt thts time, Is by securing a
new subscriber. By doing so you
spread the news of tbe working clnBs
movement and assist us.
Ring np Pbone Seymonr 2854
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suil*   301   Dominion   Building
Always look up The Fed. advertisers
before making purchases.
Handsome models—Silk etnbrold*
(•red—In Navy, Brown and Sand
—Ono of the biggest values offered this season.
See oar Display of  Summer Wrtpi.
Prom Maker
To Wearer
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-408 Hotropolltu Build-Of
8S7 But__fl St. W. VAHOOUVEB, B. O.
Telephone,: Sermonr 6666 ud 6667
Cigar Store
18 and 20 OORDOVA ST. W.
Who Pays the Store
THTS May, business is ahead of
last May.   Our prices are cut
a little finer:
White Running Boots, with ankle guard, tan facings and toe
cap, in men's, boys' and youths.'
Cut price $1.55, $1.70. $1.95
Men's Work Boots, heavy waterproofed tan duck uppers, solid
rubber sole and heel;  6 to 11.
Special at  $2.95
Boys' High Lace Black Running
Boots, 1 to 5, at $1.45
Boys'   Combination  Underwear,
24 to 32; per suit    95c
Boys' Khaki Knickers, 22 to 32,
at       95c
Men's Strong Khaki Shirts.
Special  at   $1.J5
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings, Hats, Boots and Shoes
(Between 7th and 6th Avenues)
Phono, Fairmont 4859
1160 Georgia Street
Sanday services, 11 a.m. and 7:30 p.m.
Sunday school immediately following
morning aervice. Wedneaday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading room.
001-903 Birks Bid*
B. F. Harrison S. A. Firry
Phofto Fairmont 68
Order Gallon Jar for your parties and dances.
Phone, Highland 90.
TRAVELLING MEN can save themselves and tlieir firms endless time
and travelling expense by regular uso of
our Long Dlstnnco facilities. .A,
Within a few minutes, direct personal
conversation can bo had with any desired
numbor of customers or patrons who
could not ordinarily bo "covered" and
"spoken to" without the loss of many
days' timo and the many discomforts, inconveniences and delays incidental to
country travelling.
In addition to these factors, It will be
found cheaper to telephono than travel-
Patronize Federationist advertisers..
Kirk's Coal
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones: Sey. 1441 and 465
Offlce No. 2
1025 Main Street
Phone Sey. 9075
Two Sbort Wordi, BHOf—t the Golf Between
Hm y— pnteetel jmnelf ud year femllj wtiiit nek u aufwr,
with • SAVUfOS AOOOOXT-lt. bhI nhuble Aim! • uaai-inhi
the "KAIHY SAT."
Wi BTBOHOLT BI00____CND jee to etut eieh u Meout AT 0101,
et one of oor Oity BruekM.
ttunw-S ud union	
Oordon ud Abbott Main eat Mth An.
I. Herruon, Ktuftf
_____ ud _n_l«|
Union Bank of Canada
P.0.—If tod are living In ■ community not provided witk Backing facJlltiee, td*
diwu by mall, and we will ho glad to gold* 700. In rupett to "Banking by MaJL" felDAY May 26, 1923
in every form
Expression Plates
Hygienic Crowns and
Extraction of Teeth
Pyorrhea Treatments
etc., etc.
Tl/IT 17 years' practice in Vancouver has won for me an
established reputation for work of the highest standard.   All • work done is of the highest grade, both as to
workmanship and materials.
I Guarantee My Work for 15 Years
Most motion) scientific methods
for the diminution of pain
used 111 nil iny work.
Got my estimate on your work
—it entails no obligation, aud
shows you how to save money.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Corner Soymour
Phone, Seymour 3331
Offlce Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Vancouver Unions
■ Connoit-—Prosi-lont,  R. H. Neelanda,   M.
\ A.; general secretary, Percy R. Bongough.
■"'-■ 308, 819 Ponder St. Weat. Phone Sey.
Bifu.     Meets  in Labor Ball at 8 p.m. on
b first and third Tuesdays In month.
I Moets seoond Monday In the month. Pre-
Uent, J. R. Whito; secretary, R. H. Noel*
Ids. P. 0. Box "
idova Streot West—Business meetings
ery Wednesday evening. A. Maclnnis,
airman; E. H. Morrison, soc.-tri-ns.; Geo.
, Harrison, 1835 Woodland Drive, Vancou-
r, B. 0., corresponding seoretary.
Any district in British Columbia desiring
'ormatiou ro securing speakers or the for*
-tlon of local branches, kindly communicate
th Provincinl Socrotary J. Lylo Telford,
4 Birks Bldg., Vancouver, B. C. ToIp-
ono Soymour 1332, or Fairmont 41)33.
B-.e_in.il Thursday every month, 819 Pendor
■feet WeBt. President, .1, Briglitwell;
Janclnl socrotary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth
'In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
(URNt-YMBN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL Union of Amorica—Looal 120, Van-
iver, B. O., meots second and fourth Tues-
ys in each month In Room 313—819 Pen-
f Stroet West. President, 0, E. Herrett,
, Hastings Street East; secretary, A. R.
ni, 320 Cambie Street. Shop phone, Soy.
02. Residenco phone, Doug. 2171R.
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
i of America, Local 191—Meetings first
(1 third Mondays lu each month. Preal*
nt, P. Willis; aeeretary, A. Fraser. Offloe:
om 803—819 Pender Street Weat. Offloe
ora, 9 to 11 a.m. and 3 to 5 p.m.
bricklayers or masons for boiler worki,
J)., or marble setters, phone Brlcklayen'
jtion, Lahor Temple
(SITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners, Local 452—President.
in. Dunn; recording secretary, W. Page;
•inew agent, Qeo. H. Hardy. Office:
om 804—319 Pender Street West Moeta
lond and fourth Mondays, 8 p.m.. Room 5,
> Pender Btreet Weat.
ltd third Friday* in each month, at 148 Cnr*
■va Street Weat. Preaident, David Cuthlll,
■52 Albert Street; secretary-treasurer, Oeo.
prison, 1885 Woodland Drive.	
■ Steam and Operating, Local 844—Meeta
■'ery Thuraday at 8 p.m., Room 807 Labor
■tuple. Secretary-treaaurer, N. Green, 958
■ornby Street. Phone Sey. 7043R. Record-
|g iecretary, J. R. Campbell, 803 Flrat
, North Vancourer,
lell MaoDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
A. Watson, No. 3 Firehall.
) RESTAURANT Employee!
al 28—441 Seymour Street,
id third Wednesdays at 2:80
and fourth Wednesdays at
SxocutlvB board moBta evory
..m. President, W. A. Colmar-
;, A. Graham.    Phone Seymour
}p CANADA—An Industrial union of all
rk.-.r. tn logging and construction camps,
ist'District and General Headquarters, 61
.dova Stroot West, Vancouver, B. 0.
duo Soymour 7856. J. M. Clarke, general
rotary-treasurer; logal advisors, Messrs.
■tl, Macdonald & Co., Vancouver, B. 0.;
litors, Messrs. Buttar & Chiene, Vancou*
, B. C.
iOHINISTS LOCAL 182—Presidont, Lee
teorgo; secretary, J. G. Keefe; business
nt, P. R. Bengough. Office: 309, 319
ider Streot West. Moota In Room 318—
Ponder Stroot WeBt, on first and third
pirsdays In month.
IpHINlSTS   LOCAL  692—President,   Ed.
T>BWnon; secretary, 11. Hirst; business
Jnt, P. R. Bengough. Office: 309—319
■idor Street West. Moots in Room 3—
^ Ponder Stroot West, on second nnd 4th
lis.lr.yn in month
|INIOS, Local 145, A. F, of M.—Meets at
fino Hall, Homer Street, second Sunday,
a.m. President, Ernost C. Miller, 991
pon Stroot; socretary, Edward Jamieson,
J Nolson Street; financial secretary, W. E.
Illams, 991 Nelson Streot; organizer, F.
^ohor, 991 Nolaon Street.
■ORS and PaporhnngorB of Amorica, Local
m, Vancouver—Meots 2nd and 4th Thumbs at  148  Cordova Stroet West.    Phone,
■ 3510. Business agent, R. A. Baker.
Dock Builders, Local No. 2404—MeetB In
ior Hall, 319 Pender Street West evory
J_ and 4th Friday, at 8 p.m. Jas. Thomp-
P, financial secretary.
lordova St. West, P. 0. Box 571.   Phone
. 8703.    Meotings every Monday at 7:30
Ie J. PoarBpn, bualneaa agent. 
,}.—Meeting nights, first Tuesday and Srd
[day of each month at headquarters, 818
rdova Street West. Preeldent, D, Gllles-
; vice-president, John Johnson; secretary*
usurer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Cor
'a Street West. Branch agent's address:
it, Francis, 1424 Government Btreet, Viola, B. 0
iloyeeii, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
P. Hall, Eighth and Klngsway, Iat and
1 Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m. Pre-
ent, F. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarke Drive;
ordlng secretary, A. V. Lofting; treasurer,
F. Andrew; financial eecretary and busl*
a agent, W. H. Cottrell, 168—17th Ave.
at. Offlce, corner Prior and Main Streetl.
me, Falnnont _______
kmerlet, Loeal No. 178—Meetings held
t Monday In eaoh month, 8 p.m. Preal*
A. R. Gatenhy; vice-president, Mra.
rk; recording secretary, 0. McDonald, P.
Box 508; financial aeeretary, P. M-oNMifa,
0. Box 508.
■ __■    DDK    QUO.
Tlet Russia—Vanconver branoh meets flrat
1 third Sundays each month, 2 p.m., at 81
tdova Street West.   For Information write
rbranoh isoretary, 8. T. A. 8. R., 61 Cor*
■■> Btreet ^fw*> Tmhotw, B. 0.	
■lidont, Wm. Skinner; vice-president, A.
■cker; secretary-treasnrer, R, H, Neelanda,
MO. Box 66. Meeta lait Snnday of each
|nth M a p.m
Ik VANCOUVER THEATRIOAL FEDERATION—Meets at 091 Nehon Street, at 11
,. on the Tuesday preceding the lit Snn-
' < the month. President, E. A. Jamie*
■n, Wl Nelson St.; Becretrry, 0. H. Wll*
ftms; 991   Nelion St;  Buslnesi Agent,   F.
jetchef, 991 Nelion 81,	
| 887—Preildent, J. J, Begg; vlee-prosldent,
Get your workmate to subscribe for
The Federatlonist.
123 Hastings St. E.—Sey. MM
830 Granvillo Stroot—Sey. 866
1191 Granvillo St. — Soy. 6149
3260 Main Street Fair. 1683
Alberta    Creamery    Butter.
Fit for any table;  3 ft..	
Slater's   Breakfast  Streaky  Baeon; sliced, per  lb 40c
Slater's   Ayrshire   lloll   Bacon;
sliced, per  Ib 30c
Slater's   Sliced    I'enmeal   Back
Bacon; per lb 4()e
Sugar-cured     Roll
very mild and  lean
and smoked; 4 lbs....
Our     famous     Sugar-eui'ed
Smoked Picnics;
per lb	
B. C. Fresh Ksbs, 3 doz 11.00
Smoked Plg'H Cheeks, 3 lbs. 65c
Fresh Ment
Our famous Pork Shoulders,
weighing from 4 to 8 lbs., on
sale   Friday  and 1A4_**
Saturday, lb     1"2V
Choice   Pot   Roasts,   from,
por lb lOe
Choice  Oven   Roasts,    from,
per   ft 10c
Choice  Boneless Stew Beef,
per II) lOo
Choice Boiling Beof, lb. ..8c
Local Milk-fed Legs of Veal,
per Ib 20c
Local    Milk-fed    Loins    of
Veal, per lb 28c
Locul Milk-fed Shoulders of
Veal, from, per ft :.—0
Local   Milk-fed   Stew   Voal,
per lb 18c
We have lots of Legs, Loins,
Shouldors and Stew of Prime
Local-killed Lamb, at competitive prices,
Slater's Red Labol gg
Tea, per ft OOC
Slater's Dry, Mealy   flfi*
Spuds;  100-lb sks..   OOC
At Slater's Stores
R.   J.   Stewart;    secretary-treasurer,   L.   0.
Gilbert.   P. 0. Box 476, Nanalmo, B. 0.
UNION,  No. 418—President,  8, D. Maedonald, secretary-treasurer,  J.  M. Campbell,
P. 0. Box OIS.   Meets last Thursday of each
[By R. Albert, Paris]
"... and thus the paths of the
flunkeys and the revolutionaries cross
each other.   ..."
Within threo days of each other—
MarchlV and 20—two Socialist conferences took place in Paris. The agenda
of both contained almost the same
Items; both were occupied with the
questions unfolded by M. Poincare, tho
spokesman of the Comite des Forges:
The Ruhr, the coming war, the great
capitalist threat against the world
Two "Socialist" conferences. A
One took place in the great hall of
the trade union buildings. Here there
were thousands crowded together who
had marched hither direct from their
places of work, working men In old-
worn clothes, the weariness of the
day's toil In. their bones, but at tho
same time containing in their heads
everything which Pat-Is possesses of
revolutionary hope and confidence,
courage and will to action. Outsido
of the hall, in the darkness of the
night, a -pack of despicable beings
prowled about, around this mass of
workers, like hungry dogs ready to
make a snap at any moment; police
and spies.
The speaker's platform was occupied by a man with hair just turning
grey, a man of high stature, with clear
eyes—he spoke with outctretched
hand. The foreign accent was scarcely noticeable in his voice. Had the
chairman not just introduced him, it
could have been assumed that he belonged to this mass of Parisian proletarians.
Hollein, Communist member of the
German Reichstag, was speaking.
And the hall re-echoed with the
thunders of applause from the thousands of Parisian working men and women; hands and faces were raised enthusiastically to welcome this German,
and the strains of the "International"
filled the great hall. For there was
not one present but felt that the conceptions Frenchman and German belong to the past, and that the terms
"boche" and "welsche" are infamous
designations. A German worker was
speaking to French workers, a Communist to Communists. They all understood only too well what he was
saying. The misery of the German
children? In the suburbs of this opu-
lont Paris there are Just as many pale-
cheeked children. The Intrigues of the
plutocrat Stinnes? Ah, did not the
Comite des Forges have the class brothers of the workers here assembled,
shot at Le Havre only yesterday? The
monarchist plots in Munich? Tho
bourgeoisie and the "Action Fran-
calse" elements were also represented
in the hall by their spies. The imprisonment of German revolutionists?
In France the leaders of the workers
are also sitting behind bolts and bars.
ThlB German Communist was felt to
belong to the same common stock as
all those present ln the hall. He came
from a country where, four times
within five years, the proletariat has
unfolded its red flag and shed ItB blood
in insurrection. And the thousands of
workers listening here in Paris were
well aware that for them, there is
neither fatherland nor peace under
the bourgeoise regime, that there is no
salvation without the inexorable
struggle of the exploited against exploiters.
After leaving this mighty meeting,
fthe speaker was arrested and taken to
Hollein came here to bring proletarian Paris the fraternal greetings of the
German workers, and, for this he ls
charged with plotting against the security of the State; it seems as if tho
plain words of the Communists contain something especially dangerous.
Hollein Is now in a cell of the political
department ln the Sante. Cachin ts
"dwelling" near him; thus the representatives of two democratic parliaments are living under one roof In a
prison of the French republic.
The other Social conference took
place three days later in the comfort
and tranquility of the Palais Bourbon
(French parliamentary building), surrounded by the servile respect of the
servants .discreetly guarded by some
of the more superior spies from the
prefecture—to make sure that no one
disturbed the Socialists at their work.
Here the Sociallsta deputies from four
Allied countries unfolded their portfolios (which did not yet look quite ministerial), and took their ease as well-
remunerated shepherds of the peoples.
Hore the flower of European Socialism
was represented (except those of the
enemy countries), or what Second In
ternatiqnat regards as the flower. A
choice selection of one-time and future ministers: Citizen Vandervelde,
the signatory of the Versailles peace;
Citizen Renaudel, his cronies Treves
and Modigllani, who will presently be
receiving an offer from Musolinl, that
they black his boots in some sub-secretariat of state. Citizen Ramsay
Macdonald from the English Labor
Ramsay Macdonald, who had Just
come from the banquet ln Westminster Palace, whore he had dined well
at the table of His Majesty the King
of England; where His Majesty had
condescended to speak to him just as
the champagne or liqueur was being
passed around. Who will ever give us
a report on this aspect of the history
of Socialism?
Did George V. perhaps speak with
him on the future of the British working class, or even of the fate of those
172 Hindu peasants who were condemned to death "In the king's name"
somewhere In the great dependency?
And this inter-parliamentary Socialist conference of the Second International passed a resolution: Resolved that a commission, also inter-parliamentary, should be sent to Berlin
to negotiate with the leaders of the
party of Ebert, Schiedemann and
Among theso Socialists there was
not one who knew manual labor or
daily want, or had not found time to
forget them. Not one who knew prison. Not one who preached mass action. Not one who had an Idea beyond hypocritical and lying phraseu.
Not one who was a revolutionist. Not
one who was not an honored and hon-
eslty honoring servant of some hour
geois power.
Two Socialist conferences. A symbol.
The citizen Ramsay Macdonald
came from Westminster Palace.
Hollein went to Sante prison.
. . . and thus the paths of the
flunkeys and the revolutionaries cross
each other.
The American University
****** ****** ****** ******
A Review of "The Goose-Step"
(From the London Nation)
America is a land, of universities.
Where eighteen colleges satisfy our
appetite for the higher learning, the
American counts his university institutions by the hundrod. Thore is no
limit to the number or the type. You
can learn there every subject from
Assyrlology to Zymotic dlsoase. You
can visit faculties almost as large as
English universities, and student bodies as large as a respectable town. You
can be lectured to, you can take correspondence courses (chiropody by
correspondence is the attractive offer
of one institution), you can write endless weekly themes, or those curious
'said of great American scholars; of
historians like Hasklns and Mcllwaln;
of physicists like Michelson; of chem
lsts like Richards; of philosophers and
lawyers like James and Roscoe Pound.
That is a large credit side to tho accounting; but, from Mr. Sinclair's description, the colleges have need of It.
For his picture is of a soul-destroying
process. It is a picture of men seeking to devote themselves to truth, and
being ruthlessly destroyed because
their opinions do not suit the order in
financial control, lt is the University
of Presidents who become supplicants
at the table of the rich. It is of ar
dent scholars who are ground into
subjection once their notions suggost
Come and Look at this
for $59
It's made expressly for and sold exclusively
by the H. B.C. It's a range value that has no
equal in Canada. It's a range of excellent
appearance, good weight and fine finish, fitted
with six cooking holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19xl6xl2y2-inch oven. The range is fully
trimmed, has high warming closet-, and stands
on a heavy mckel J>ase,_ It's a splendid baker
tad heats the water quickly. Jn the regular
selling way It would cost at least $25.00 more
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying and close selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
Hudson's Bay Company
discourses for the higher degrees-es-  that American capitalism was not
says, for instance, on adjectives signi-
fylng blood In Middle English—which
make you, a little curiously perhaps,
a doctor In philosophy. And when you
have attained that eminence, you can,
tf you will, go forth to teach also.
But if you decide upon an academic
career, you will be well advised first
to study Mr. Upton Sinclair's new
book, ("The Goose-step; a Study of
American Education.") Mr. Sinclair
has long been known as one of the
most courageous and effective muck-
rakers in America; and nothing he has
written is more courageous or more
effective than this study of the American university. He dwells, of course,
almost exclusively on the pathological
side.    Much could, and ought to, be
T"iHE PLAINTIVE wail of the camp
A owners of li. C. for more men to
work in their camps continues to rise
"heavenward." In iheir official magazines, nnd In their subsidized newspapers, heartrending appeals to the
young men of the Province to "allow"
themselves to be trained for loggers
aro met with on every page, but apparently the results are not all that is
desired. In spite of thc alluring fake
advertisements of free radio concerts,
ln spite of reams of propaganda about
vast fortunes ami great opportunities
awaiting the young mjtli who lays tho
corner stone of his career in a logging camp, ami ln spite of glowing accounts of the adventurous life in the
primeval jungles of British Columbia,
the adventurous and ambitious-minded victim of lumber eamp exploitation
evidently continues to hold himself
The married man i.s appealed to on
the grounds that lie will be supplied
with "free quarters," anil' at the same
time the vultures who live ofl' the loggers, wink at one another and remark,
"The married men are steadier, and
more Inclined to stay with their jobs
than the single ones." The virtue of
steadiness is accounted for by the
statement of a certain superintendent
who estimated lhat the "labor turnover in a camp was not less than $26
pet" man, and 150 men changed places
(in his camp) in one month." It Is
not recorded whether this superintendent had a radio outflt; or did the
music-loving part of his crew have to
regale themselves with such Bounds as
could be extracted from the trusty
old "wind Jammer." Probably it was
the latter, and the crew hnd to quit in
order to get a change of programme.
The young mnn Is assured that "living and social conditions In logging
camps are now as satisfactory as any
sane man can expect them to be,"
moaning, of course, that those who
ask for Improvements in a camp are
either insane or whnt Ih worse, 'reds."
The "married stiff" is assured of
"community conveniences" and schools
for his family, but not one word is
said about shlplap sharks on a beach
wtth knot holes ln the walls and
cracks tn the floor, or that an a general
rule, the only school provided Is a
clam bed.
The.reason why men do not "stay
with their JobB" Is never considered,
and there's a reason. If a true explanation of that phenomenon were
to be given lt might be necessary to
tell tales which would not, coincide
with the tempting bait dangled before
the eyes of those who are compelled
through economlo necessity to seek
work In a logging camp. But then
thc   lumber   barons  are   not   offering
Explanations of social
phenomena is dangerous to capitalism, All that concerns the lumber
baron is handing out enticing propaganda that may induce idle slnves to
seek their fortune in a logging camp.
When It becomes necessary to inveigle
more men to seek their fortune in tho
woods, the lumbor baron simply hires
a hack writer who probably never
saw a camp and he writes a glowina
account of life in the woods.
A great deal of this propaganda Ih
also being written with another end in
view. Some camp owners, as well as
most foremen, especially those desirous of acquiring a reputation, arc becoming hostile over the number of Inexperienced men being shipped Into
lbe camps by the Carrall Street blacklisting emporium ltd. These foremen
want to get back the experienced men
who have been chased out of the
country by tho blacklist, and some
camp owners who are just bent on lhe
profits of the moment, also want thein
back. Only the insane men who luue
already boen referred to were blacklisted, bift mad or no mnd, "ihey got
the logs." In ordor to educate these
discontented foremen nml superintendents, the lumber barons who are in
control of the boss loggers organizations are having recourse to propaganda In which these men are told
they must have forbearance with the
There is by no means harmonious
relations In the boss loggers association over the blacklist. Quite a number want to overthrow King Herbert
I, and civil war threatens, it Is for
that roason that discontented foremen
and somo camp owners must be soothed with stories how "the young men
should be given a chance;" and how
nn apprentice system may be inaugurated in the woods.
Meantime the blacklist continues as
Htrong as evor. The labor movement
In the camps grows In spite of "satisfactory social conditions," and radio
concerts, yes and even in spite of tho
blacklist, King Herbert's troops are
busy. His spies and special agents
are in every camp, as well as collecting evidence on the streets and blind
pigs. A net work of logging camp
sleuths is being established that tho
late czar of UusHla might have envlod.
Unionism won't down fn spite of lies,
slanders, blacklists and persecutions.
As men get to know the woods, they
get to feel tho need of unionism. As
they manifest their desire for unions
they are blacklisted and othors are In
their turn trained, but the great disturbing element In this vicious circle
is that ruthloss bloodsucking vampire
Capital, sitting back calling aloud for
more profits than the inexperienced
can supply. Blacklists may be neccB-
nary, but not quite enough for hor Immediate wants,
ceived under the providence of God.
It ls of great teachers who are made
to toe the line as soon as they think
for themselves. In Assyrlology, of
course, even tn literature (especially
the Romance languages), a measure
of freedom exists; but once one moves
to the sphere of contemporary prob
lems, tho university exacts, and, fof
the most part, receives, beatification
of the existing order.
It is not to be thought that Mr. Sinclair paints an imaginary picture. The
book, as the French say, is blen docu-
mente; and anyone who has seen the
system from the Inside will know how
large a measure of truth it contains.
Professor Nearing is dismissed from
Pennsylvania because he asks inconvenient questions of that great evangelist, Mr. William Sunday. Professor
Levine is driven from Montana for
publishing nn indictment of the mine-
taxation methods ln the State. Professor E. A. Ross is thrown out of Leland Stanford because he opposes that
cheap Chinese labor from which the
lato Senator Stanford had made a fortune. Mr. Allen Eaton disappears
from Oregon because, finding that tho
water supply of the town ls poisoned,
he is unwise enough to emulate the
doctor In Ibsen's "Enomy of the People." Profossor Howerth Is "dropped"
from California because trado unions
liked his extension lectures. When
Professor Chnfee defended the dissent
of Holmes and Brnndeis, JJ., in the infamous Abrams case, he was solemnly
charged hy a group of lawyers and
tried before a Havard committee. Men
like Charles Heard and Thorsteln
Veblen have been drlveh from university life. If John Dewey remains, It
Is by accident rather than design.
Any one accustomed to the ways of
English academic life will feel a natural astonishment at the record. And it
must ho added that there arc few
genuine exreptions. If the history of
Columbia Is atrocious, the reputation
of Harvard, ns Mr. Sinclair shows, Is
akin to n whited sepulchre. Radical-
minded people lind It difficult to enter
university life; If they do enter, they
do not get promoted; If they once
overstep the line drawn by the powers
In control, thero Is an ond to their
career. And tbls does not affect teachers only. It affects the students,
and It affects the Intellectual life of
America. There are universities which
do not permit radicals to lecture to
college societies. Harvard made it Impossible for men to sympathize with
the grievances of the Boston police,
though it placed no barriers In the
wny of opposition to thom. When the
late president of Connecticut College
found that the trustees were abusing
the funds he was soon dismissed from
his job, Whnt is required is, as Mr.
Sinclair says, the goose-step; nnd tho
sorried battalions of professors foot it
proudly, thanking God that they are
not as other men.
What is the root of the situation?
For the most part, it is the domination
of the Boards of Trustees by the big
flnanclal ink-rests. They make the
presidents their hirelings, and they nre
used to stop alt criticism that In any
degree challenges their prerogative.
That Is wbat President Nicholas Butler has done for years at Columbia; It
Is what Chancellor Day did, even more
ruthlessly at Syracuse The professor
does not have direct dealings with his
masters; the president is their Intermediary, and the long Beorch for promotion must lte made through him.
Please the trustees by, for example, a
false valuation of public utilities to be
transferred to municipal ownership,
and fortune smiles upon you; provo
that the Anaconda Copper Company
(O! sublime namo!) has swallowed
more than its share, and you make a
rapid exit. Ih It any wonder thnt, at
least openly, not a single professor ot
economics In America Is a Socialist?
Is It a mattor for remark that no work
of importance In political science has
como from nn Americnn university
thoso fifty years?
The Englishman who wants to grasp
the position must try and imagine a
kindred picture ln this country. Mr.
Sidney Webb, Mr. R. H. Tawney, Mr.
Lowes Dickinson, Mr, C. Raymond
Beazley, Mr. Graham Wallas and Professor Gilbert Murray, would all be
pretty certain of dismissal from their
posts; for all havo attacked the social
order at some fragile part. The students would not be allowed to Invite
Mr. Bertrand Russell, Mr. H. G. Wells,
Mr. Bernard Shaw, Mr. Norman Angell
or Mr. Ramsay MacDonald to speak to
them. Honorary degrees would descend in red silk showers upon tho
Duke of Northumberland, Lord Sydenham and Mr, Harold Cox. References to Socialism would always be
made by opponents who were anxious
to show the authorities the ferocity of
their opposition. Private efforts would
be made to reduce tho number of Jews
at Oxford and Cambridge; and Hindus, in their freshman year, would not
be allowed to livo In college. Criticism
of the British Constitution would be
heresy, nnd membership of the Labor
Party would be equivalent to a request for expulsion. One or two universities would refuse to allow tho
teaching of Darwinism; and chairs
be established to explain thc horrors
of Socialism and the economic splendor of a protective tariff.
Yet the disease may one day produce, even in America, Its own rcmo-
dy. A keen observer may, like Mr.
Sinclair, detect signs of hopo In the
way in which small bands of students
ue protesting against tbe prosent regime. He mny remind himself that
not even the best organized Intrigues
have been able to expel Professor
Frankfurter and Dean Pound from
Harvard. Ho may detect in the frenzied hate for the colleges of one hundred per cent. Americanism (generally
disguisel as a "Better America
League") signs that even now tile leaven is slowly making its way. But the
large outlines of Mr. Sinclair's Indictment bear the unquestionable evidence
of truth. The American universities
re deprived, al lenst in the social sci
ences, of nny disinterested zeal for
truth by the Iron control'of partisan,
and often ignorant, business men.
They are deliberately made to serve
the Interests of an economic system
against which the moral Indictment ls
probably graver than could be drawn
against any other. They destroy the
ability and honeBty of their teachers.
They make them sacrifice their conscience to the service of a cause fn
which they rarely believe with con-
| science. Originality becomes the slave
of convention; and convention is the
child of what Bcntham called sinister
So far, at least, we have not, ln
England, been the prey of these calamities. Wo have, Indeed, our difficulties and doubts. A scientific theology
Is sacrificed, as Professor Dicey ironically showed, to the privileged position
of Anglicanism at Oxford and Cambridge. Trinity College expelled Mr.
Bertrand Russell; and now and again,
mumblings of discontent have bcen
heard at the newer universities agalnBt
mon whose opinions have failed to coincide with those of the business men
on the governing body. With the
growing power of Labor, these feelings
may, unless we are watchful, become
exacerbated to the danger point. Mr.
Sinclair has served ub woll by explaining In detail the results of attaching
a penalty to university thought. Ideas
are too rare nnd too precious not to be
left untouched In taht atmosphoro of
freedom which alone permits their
London—"Big business In France
has always favored negotiation with
Germany, in tbe teeth of the nationalist Clamor for the iron hand nud coercion with violence; luit neither the
steel Industry, nor nny otber Industry
save agriculture, has a majority in tbo
parliament or the government," writes
George Slocombo, Paris correspondent
of the Labor paper, Daily Herald.
Be suro to notify tlie poBt ofllce as
soon as you change your address,
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 yesrs
been British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has bcen spared to
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45-49 Hastings St., East
Wood Workers Union Puts Prewar Wages Will Be Pas'
Up Fight and Wins
[By Louis P. Lochner]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
The temporary stabilization of the
German mark has been seized upon by
employers for an assault on wages.
They try to justify their action by
claiming that, with the stabilization
of the mark, costs of production have
exceeded world market prices, and
therefore Germany is no longer able
to compete with other nations. They
say wages must be reduced in order to
mako competition possible; the only
alternative Is to lay off men.
The trade unions have countered
with statistics showing thut less than
G per cent, of production costs go for
wages. It Is therefore bunk, they say,
for the employers'to begin their operations by slashing wages. They point
out that prices always go up immediately with the rise of the dollar, but
that they neved drop as speedily when
the dollar falls. So the workers'
wages are always limping behind thc
cost of living.
One of the trades In which a drastic reduction of wages was recently
attempted was that of the wood workors, But the wood workers union,
whose membership is almost 460,000,
declined to submit. Thereupon 45,000
of their membership were locked out,
26,000 In Saxony alone,
Though n strike Is something that
carries with It the greatest of hardships for a German worker, the wood
workers stood (Inn until the order for
reduction wns rescinded and even
slight increase of wages was granted.
Give a littlo encouragement to our
sed Before the End
of Year
Moscow—Real wages of Russian industrial workers continue to rise. Reports by the statistical departments of
the trade unions show that between
August and December of lust year real
wages advanced 100 per cent, in textile industries, 39 per cent, in clothing, 173 in the metal industry and in
shoes. 76 per cent.
In tobacco nnd the food industries
the increases during the last six
months of 11122 were not as great as
In the other Industries for these two
had already felt the revival due to
the N. E. P. The great increase in
the metal workers' wages is explained
by the fact that up to this period they
had lagged behind those In other Industries In thc same wage category.
Tlie real wage now pnid ln the metnl industry is 7f> per cent, that of prewar days, in the printing trades 77
per cent., in textiles 65 per cent, and
in tobacco 114 or 14 per cent, above
the pre-\var scale. At this rate of advance, the pre-war real wages will be
passed by most Industries before the
end of the cyrrent year.
When through with this paper, paBs
lt on.
Every reader of The Fcrtcrattonlst
can render valuable assistance by renewing tlieir subscriptions as soon as
they are due, and by inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do tills.   Try it
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers
and tell them why you do so.
Soviet Government Is More
Favorable   Than
Czar's Regime
Philadelphia—Reported attacks on
the church by the Russian government are unfounded, says the Rev.
Karl Borders, of Chicago, who Is returning to the United States after serving as field director of the Russian
Relief Mission, American Friends Service Committee (Quakers). He says
that religious freedom in Russia hae
been much greater under the Soviet
government than ever before ln the
history of Russia. Under the Czar, aU
religious groups except the Orthodox
Greek church were persecuted. Religious freedom is now guaranteed by
the constitution, and ts being enjoyed
by the Roman Catholic church and by
many other religious groups formerly
"With regard to the recent trials of
members of the clergy, and the execution of one of those convicted, Borders
says they were guilty of stirring up
revolt, which resulted ln bloodshed.
Their trials, he said, had no religious
significance, being purely political In
aspect. In Russia the matter has attracted very littlo attention, tho
churches arc continuing their usual
activities, and the greater part of the
■people believe that the convictions
wero just.
They Asked for Bread
And Got War Memorials
(Continued from page 1)
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at the remarks of my hon. friend from
Centre Winnipeg (Mr. Woodsworth).
If he assumes thc government has any
desire to glorify war, he is entirely
mistaken. There is a great difference
between glorifying war and glorifying
patriotism or glorifying sacrifice, the
greatest patriotism and the greatest
sacrifice which the country has ever
known. That is what, tho government
seeks to glorify in the monument, and
what I believe the nation hopes to
see glorified. When my hon. friend
speaks about caring for the poor and
the hungry, I think it is not unfair to
remind him of a reference or two that
might appropriately be made at this
time. There is a saying which my
hon. friend will recall, to the effect
that man does not live by bread alone.
Mr. Woodsworth: Man can not live
very well without bread.
"Mr. Irvine: I was very much interested In the remarks of the prime minister (Mr. Mackenzie King) as regards
this question. I was also interested In
whut was said by the hon. member
for Centre Winnipeg (Mr. Woods-
worth). Perhaps there is a little confusion of mind between the prime
minister and the hon. member for
■Winnipeg, I do not suppose that the
latter meant to convey any idea that
he was opposed to memorializating
the heroism of our Canadian soldiers.
I do not think anybody ls opposed to
that. But this is a matter worth of
much more thought than this House
is giving to It, and perhaps worthy of
mort thought than the government has
given to it so far. I am Just wondering if to build a heap of stone Is, after
all, the best way of memorializing
greatness. I think we shall all be
willing to concede the great courage
which the Canadian soldiers manifested, and we shall be willing to erect a
monument, whether in stone or, in
some other form, that will express in
the best possible way our appreciation
of that courage. But if we nre seeking to express our appreciation of
heroism, would it not bo well if It
took a little heroism to do that? Can
we not flnd a way of expressing our
appreciation of the greatness and
heroism of our soldiers that will take
a little heroism on the part of the legislatures and of Canada? For instance,
could we not memorialize them with
a statute or, if necessary, more than
one statue that would give a shred of
reflection of the liberty for which they
died, that would be an embodiment of
a shadow of the ideal for which they
poured out their blood? I do not object to your building a monument that
will reach the stars, if you will, and
then it would not express their greatness. But surely there is something
deeper, more beautiful, of greater utility than that, and that could be found,
perhaps, in legislation, in such an alteration of the economic system under
which their brothers are spared to
live, under which their children will
grow up, that will be a nobler monument than a heap of marble or of
rock. So I would suggest that before
we hastily decide to Tollow precedent,
to follow the ancient countries that
have built their memorials to war, we
would seek If, happily, we might not
flnd a better way of expressing our
appreciation of the greatness of the
Canadian soldiers who died in a way
that was supposed to end all wars, and
who died thinking to bring liberty and
peace—and all such words that we
have been so fond of mouthing.
One more thought. It looks n little
incongruous that wc should convert
into marble or rock, actual material
that seems to be needed by those who
happen to have been spared from the
great conflict. If we are going to
beautify Canada, or Ottawa, or any
other city, or any part of the world
for that matter, as a means of expressing our respect for our dead, lt might
be well to wait until we can do thnt
without suffering, if indeed we are so
pinched as a nation. That, of course,
I do not believe; I do not believe In
this miserable prating about economy,
and I am prepared to vote against economy of the kind that we have been
talking about. But seeing that the
government and the people and the
House think so, then let us wait until
we can do this without a man standing
aside and wondering at a dead soldier
getting moro thnn a living one. I
should like to sec a memorial built
when thc living soldiers can say: "We
are not suffering because of that."
That is all I think my hon. friend
ftom Centre Winnipeg meant to convey, und 1 would submit that aa a
thought to the government. There is
nn hurry. Perhaps this ls not the
best way of commemorating the dead;
but when we do this, let im do It ln the
best possible way, and I do not know
that this would be best expressed In
a monument of rock,"
Trade   Union  Educational
League Out to Organize Unorganized
Eastern Conference Hears
W. Z. Foster on
Two hundred delegates from seventeen big industrial centres attended
the Eastern conference of the Trade
Union Educational League, held in
New York City recently. They came
from tho textile sweat mills of New
England", from the black coal pits of
Pennsylvania, and from the steel hells
of the same State. They came to
meet and formulate plans to organizo
the helpless slaves in these gigantic
industrial enterprises now without the
semblance of protection against their
"The unorganized workers have
bcen neglected," declared William Z.
Koster In a speech that aroused continued enthusiasm.
"We are going to tell the workers
of this country about those of their
officials who fall down on this vital
organization job. We are going to
point out their failure. This organization resolution has all kinds of kick
in it.
"One reason the old officialdom of
the Labor unions docs not like to
carry on the work of organization, is
that they arc not sure what new elements will come Into the unions. They
do fiot know what the newly-organized workers will do. A few thousand
new recruits may upset their balance
of power. Let us force all the fakirs
into line. Let us plunge Into this organization work to the best of our
Joseph Manley, Eastern director of
the Trade Union Educational League,
in his inimitable way, scored the lazy,
Rolls-Royce Labor fakers who roll Into
their offices any old time of the day
it suits them, never giving a thought
to the interests of the workers. Joe
was as busy as a toad under a^harrow
and never spoke except when he had
something to say.
Quite a number of the delegates to
the conference bore the scars of battle,
A man who did not have an indictment hanging over hirii attracted attention ns a novelty.
Tim Buck was there with the greet:
ings of the Canadian workers. The
delegates went back to their locals
wit hthe determination to push tbe
amalgamation movement stronger
than ever, and to get to work organizing the masses who hnve not yet
been brought within the fold of nny
Labor organization.
British fleet Was Asked to
Break the Miners'
[By John A. McRuryf
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Glace Bay, N. S.—Developments in
the Nova Scotia Legislature bring to
light the underhand methods used by
the British Steel Corporation in trying
to break the strike of 12,000 miners
here last fall.
D, W. Morrison, Labor representative in the Legislature, put through a
motion for the return of all documents
relating to the strike and presence of
troops in the mining area. These documents show:
1. Thc military and police were under the direction and control of the
British Empire Steel Corporation.
2. British warships were asked to
be in readiness for duty In Sydney harbor.
3. A military officer sat in consultation with McCann and MeDougall,
heads of the corporation.
In British House of Commons
(On April 27, the Labor Party brought ♦man, a wife, and five children,
a Bill "for the prevention of unemployment," whloh would only mo-lily to a small
extent future unemployment and would i not
help the present position of the unemployed
»t all. Wo givo below the flne speech on
this subject by J. T. Walton Newbold, the
Communist M.P., received by the House cf
Commons in dead Bllonce, and completely
suppressed by the ' 'Times'' and other
Put a one-corn stamp on this papsr
and mall lt to a friend.
Land Workers in Australia
Find' Conditions
Very Bad
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Sydney, N. S. W.—--Under the immigration scheme whereby Britain's unemployed are unloaded on Australia,
farm workers of England are being
signed on to work from 4 in the morning till 8;30 at night, 14 hours per
day, allowing for meals, at $3.75 per
week and keep.
The immigrants are induced to emigrate to Australia in the belief that
work is awaiting them at high wages.
On their arrival in Australia, they are
enticed into accepting Jobs at wages
fur below the rates prevailing in Australia. They are hustled into signing
agreements before they discover that
they have been victimized. Theso
agreements nro countersigned by the
immigration authorities showing collusion between the employers and the
Immigration authorities.
The Now Zealand Party has now
followed tho Australian Labor Party In
notifying the British Labor Party that
Immigrants are pouring into New Zealand to the detriment of local workers. The immigrants in New Zealand,
as In Australia, are generally employed at lower wages than those paid to
New Zealand workers. This factor ultimately brings about a reduction of
the' wage standard. Often immigrant
workers are used as strike-breakers.
Newbold: I support in the most
whole-hearted way possible the principle embodied In the Labor Party's
bill. I am Intensely keen for the recognition in this country of the principle of the right to work. The
working classes of this country will
not obtain work at times when the
employing class cannot make a proflt
out of thein, unless there is some
drastic compulsion used. I am not
concerned with the actual provision
of work so much as with the opportunity for the workers, regardless of
whether they are at work or not, to
have an adequate sum of money for
the maintenance of their standard of
When this bill goes further I hope
it will be possible to introduce
an amendment that, until such time
as employment can be found at trade
union rate of wages, maintenance
shall bo found for all the unemployed
at the scale of 80s. a week for tho
married, whether man or woman, 30s.
for tlie unmarried, und 15s, for those
who aro under tho ago of 18, and instead of children being priced as
they arc today at ua bob apiece"
when they belong to thc unemployed,
that they shall be priced at 5s. apiece.
I wish to see the principle of this
bill extended considerably further.
The Communist Party stands for the
assertion in the state of not merely
the principle of tho right to work,
but also the principle of the duty to
work. We hold it to be tho duty of
everyone of sound physique, everyone
between Ul und, shall we say, GO, to
contribute to the production of
wealth within the State. We say that
all social and political rights should
belong to those .who produce and to
those who render useful sociul service
and not to anybody else.
Clause 4 of this bill provides for
the establishment bf workB and national schemes for thc purpose of
giving employment. If employment
cannot be provided for them temporarily, the unemployed ought to undergo training and have educational
facilities. It is essential that they
shall not merely be put on relief
works; not merely on something
which is Just to keep them busy, but
that they shall bo employed for the
purpose of reconstructing, if necessary, de novo the whole country.
We havo arrived at a state of affairs when it will bo absolutely fatal
to the continued existence of civilization in this country to permit the
presont housing conditions of the
people to continue and to permit the
provision lor public health, as It is
today, to continue. Vou can have
no moral advancement whatever; you
can have no cultural advancement,
unless you make a very much higher
standard of education available lor
the masses of the people.
It is also essential that there should
bo in this country such facilities for
young ipersons between the ages of 15
and 25 that they shall not have to
crowd together, as they will tomorrow, 80,000 or 100,000 strong, to
watch 22 paid men play football.
There ought to be exactly the same
provision for every workman's child
as those which' were made available
for the great mass of members in this
House, when they went to Eton or
Harrow. We demand these things for
tho working class, and we are going
to get these things either inside this
House by constitutional and legal
meanB or by other meanB—but wo
are going to have them. What drove
me to Communism? It was not a
case of accepting it all ut once; It
was Uie conviction hammered In, year
after year, that In no other, way is
It humanly iwisslbU- to save Uie society
lu which I Hnd myself. The governing class will not recognize, any more
than any other governing class In the
past has recognized, that the hour of
history has struck and that they
have got to go, or else society itself
has got to dissolve Into chaos,
I was looking today through the
columns of the Times and reading an
account of the ceremony which took
place yesterday a few hundred yards
from here, and I noticed some beautiful words used by the Archbishop
of York. 1 wish to say here that it
ls very interesting to notice the interest which the Church is taking In
politics — particularly outside this
country—and in the morals of other
people. Are they taking an equal interest In the fact that there are at
least 80,000 prostitutes, selling themselves for bread in the streets of
London every night? The greater
part of prostitution Is caused by economic conditions. In a previous ae-
bate, I had to 'point out the fact that
the inadequate amount of unemployment beneflt given to working-class
women ls responsible for the spread
of prostitution ln this country, I say
that Is the flrst thing to which the
Archbishop of Canterbury ahould direct his attention if he Is a Christian
man. What have they got to do with
going outside this country and
preaching to other people, with prostitutes at the very gates of Lambeth
Palace? We are going to bring the
challenge home to you in this House,
We are going to stop prostitution in
this country if we have got to clear
the lot of you out ln order to do it.
We are going to stop our men and women dying as they are at lhe present
time, rotting away from phthisis In
tens and hundreds of thousands in
overcrowded sanatoria, or fn the
homes of the people themselves bo-
cause the sanatoria are too full to
tako them. We are going to wipe out
the curse of venereal disease. We
know it cannot be done within your
system, and this is such a blight upon
the progress of humanity that wo will
stamp you out to do It.
I wish to go back to those beautiful
words of the Archbishop of York. He
"It  is a great thing that there
should he In our midst one fnmily
which   ,   .   .   makes the whole Empire kin and helps to give to It the
spirit of one family life."
One, family! As I read those words,
I thought of a case reported to me
the other day by one of the Labor
Councillors of my own constituency
of Motherwell.    It was the case of a
in a part of a stable, partitioned off,
and with parts of the roof open to
the heavens. That is one family living In the country, and we are told
that q.ur resources are limited. I demand that your resources shall be
limited to provide for that man, his
wife, and those five children, before
you provide an extra £16,000 for the
Duke and Duchess of York. That ls
the human challenge we are bringing
here—a human challenge and a class
challenge. If I say to a man who has
signed on at the employment exchange
and who has scarcely got a Job for
2_ years, "When are you going to
get married, Sandy?" the reply Is:
"How can I get married? Where am
I going to take my bride home to?
Am I going to take my bride home to
a house where every luxury is provided? No, I have to tako my wife
home to one room, and probably to
sleep in tho same room, or even in
the same bed as tho parents"—as happens. Sometimes it is.necessary for
a new bridal couple to go into the
same bod in the home. What chances
of morality have you under those conditions?
That is why I say that the scene
that you enacted yesterday across the
road was a provocation to revolution.
Whoever advised the King, in a period
when there ure more than a million
unemployed, when people aro dying
off, as they are today, because they
can not get bread, whoever advised
tlie King to line up with the landed
class, to line up with the capitalist
class, the rentier cluss, the forces of
weulth and luxury, those advisers
should, in the interests of the realm
itself, be Impcnched at the bar of the
House of Lords. You are, as a min-
1st ry, responsible for giving to the
Communist Party and to tho Communist International, a piece of anti-
monarchist propaganda which we are
taking very good care to broadcast
through the British Empire.—Workers Weekly.
Unstable Currency Big Factor in Many of the
Geneva, Switzerland—Retnil prices
rising iu Germany, Belgium,
Franco and Poland, according to the
international labor servico of the
League sf Nations. In Austria prices
rose continuously up to September,
1!)22, but since October, they have fallen as a result of the stabilization of
the currency.
All over tbe world, says the survey,
a tendency towards a stabilization of
prices Is noticeable, with the exception of countries with unstable currencies.
In the case of wholesale prices, no
bunge of importance is noted. In
countries where the relation of the
currency to a gold stundard has not
depreciated, prices uppear to be stabilized at a' level between 54 and
64 per cent, above pre-war prices—■
that Is, in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada and the Netherlands, In Japan and Switzerland,
prices are respectively 90 and 70 per
cent, above the pre-war level.
Pasa The Federatlonist along and
help get new subscribers.
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