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British Columbia Federationist Feb 2, 1923

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Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)        -^political unity: victoby
$2.50 PER YEA1
•t *
Labor Members Won Recognized Place Last
Big Banking Machine Probe
Will Be Demanded by
[By John Robur]
(Federated -Press Correspondent)
OttaWa—Labor is expected to play
an active part in the session of the
Dominion parliament which opens on
January 81. There are some big issues joining up in which Labor has a
special interest. The two Labor members, J, 8. Woodsworth, Winnipeg, and
William Irvine, Calgary, won a recognized plaoe laBt session as effective
parliamentary fighters, and got much
support from the other parts of the
House of Commons for the views of
Labor, particularly in regard to the
reduction of the mllltla and the withdrawal of the mounted police from
duty in connection with Labor disputes.
ThiB year the 17 big banks of the
Dominion must come before parliament to get their charters renewed
for another ten years.' They are due
for a good hauling over the coals.
The Labor members will press for national control of credit and note Issues
and are likely to flnd a good many
Progressives and Home members of the
old line parties seconding their proposals.
The Western Progressives have already demanded Investigation of tho
workings of the big banking machine
which controls credit in this country,
and also a national bank, not a local
bank with a national charter as ln the
United States, but a bank operating all
over the Dominion with the resources
of the federal government behind It.
Another Btep towards greater governmental control, which has much popular opinion behind lt, is a projected
audit of the banks by government au-
. ditors. The bigger Canadian insurance compunies, by reason of holding
federal charters, are now subject to
such an audit.
The representation in parliament
also comos up this year for itB periodical redistribution. The Labor membera will demand proportional representation. The present distribution of
\ seats ln parliament gives the country
much fuller representation than the
cities. This helps the Progressives,
but Is felt na a handicap and injustice
by the old line parties, both Liberal
and Conservative. Both are expetced
to demand more seats for the cities,
while the Progressives may seek solace In the extension of "P. R." to the
urban districts. In this way the urban minorities would get a better
chance, a development likely to work
out to tbe advantage of the Progressive group.
Canada's foreign policy and her relations to the League of Nations, are
j sure to come under review, when the
I Labor members wilt flnd themselves
j in the same boat with many Liberals
land Progressives in criticism of for-
Leign commitments. On the other
Ihand, the Labor Party will press for
Ithe carrying out of the Dominion's
(obligations ln regard to the Labor
• treaties made at Washington and Ge*
Ineva. The outstanding feature of these
[ agreements ls the eight-hour day,
I which Is now a political football be-
I tween the Dominion and Provincial
^governments In this country.
The two pieces of legislation intro-
I duced by the Labor members last
I year—the Woodaworth bills on the
[criminal code and on Immigration—
■ will be again pressed on the govern-
f merit. The former, which esdeavored
I to put back criminal law on sedition
1 where it was before the hysteria of
Ithe Winnipeg strike, was nccepted by
la parliamentary committee last ses-
Islon, nnd is expected to be presented
Tto the House In the form In which tho
Committee left It. The bill on Immigration did not meet with such favorable treatment. The chief grievance
Ivhich Woodsworth sought to remove
fcvas the arbitrary right of deportation
tin mere suspicion.
Warsaw, Poland—During tho past
inalf-ycar, 43 per cent, ot the entire
]export of Switzerland went to Poland.
Polish exports to Switzerland equalled
K.9 per cont, of all that Switzerland
[Friends Service Committee
Asks for Extension
of Plans
Philadelphia—Extension of Qjaoker
relief In Russia ls asked in a cable received by the American Friends Ser-
■vlce committee.    The cable was sent
from the headquarters of the Quaker
nlssion in Russia.   It read In part as
I'ollows: "Neighboring areas starving.
Request pormtssio.s to extend feeding
Immediately."    The areas referred to
Jure understood to He In Pugachoviskl
(county and the Krighiz republic, both
•ot which are adjacent to the torritory
Jfor which tho friends are directly responsible.   Quaker workors who vlst-
■ ted these districts last summer found
■ that thu famine there had nevor been
Iiinder control, cannibalism existing
I even during the summer.
Four  New  Members  and
Two-Applications- Is
Net Result
The International Steam and Operating Engineers held an open meeting on Thursday, January 25, in the
Labor Temple.
The meeting was held for the purpose of securing new members and
consolldatisg the position of the, members ft this craft.
Chairman Flynn opened the meeting, and outlined the policy of the or*
ganlzatlon, and stated that the engineers were not in the position that
they were in 1919, and that it waa desirable to have the men engaged in
thts occupation once again in one organization,
A. S. Wells was then called on to address the meeting. In opening, he
stated that the position of the workers on the American continent was
such that organization was essential
In order to preserve even the standard
cf living which the workers now have.
Referring to the split in the Labor
movement, he stated that one factor
had been overlooked when the O. B.
U. was formed, and that was the pi
chology of the workers, and urged
those present who had favored the 0.
B. U. to recognize this fact, and be
guided in the future by the knowledge of the movement which the failure of forming dual nlonus had made
possible to acquire.
Several of the engineers present
took the floor, asd stated their views,
and four new members were admitted,
and two applications made.
Another of these open meetings will
be held on the laBt Thursday of February, and the members are urged to
have as many engineers, either union
or non-union, attend this meeting.
Order Calling for Closing of
Shops on 26th Is
Men Laid Off from January
31st to February
the 5th
Shortly after The Federationist went
to press last week, it was learned that
the C. P. R. notice to close the shops
on the 26th of January, had been rescinded.
The local shopmen, after the notice
has been posted, got busy and wired
to the secretary of the Federated Shop
Crafts In the east. The wire read as
"Notice closing shops January 26th
to February 6th posted. Vancouver
Federated Trades resent indignity
curtailing expenses; always expense
shopmen, following over two years'
short time, and two wage cuts. Shopmen making bare existence.
"Emphatically protest closing order;
ask rescind; failing, suggest publicity
Associated Press,"
Another wire was sent to the minister of Labor, which expresses the opinion of the men notified that they were
laid off.   It was worded as follows:
"To the Honorable James Murdock,
"Minister of Labor,
"Ottawa, Canada.
"Federated Trades, C. P. R. Shops,
Vancouver, protest strongly action
Canadian Pacific Company closing repair shops January 26th to Feb, 6.
"Action follows two wage cuts, and
over two years' short timo, resulting
shopmen making bare existence, Solicit Influonco your ofllce to have ordor
"Secretary federated Trudos."
The minister of Lnbor replied as
"January 24, 1923.
"John G. Keefe, Secretary Federated
Trades, Canadian Pacific shops,
"Vancouver, B, C.
"Night letter received. Having
taken matters referred to up, I find
that intention Is to open shops Feb. 1,
instead of Feb. 5. The reason alleged
for closing ls no work on hand,
"Ministor of Labor,"
The notice posted at thc locnl shops
on Thursday last reads: "Shops to be
closed from January 31st to February
5th." Whilo it would appear that tho
minister of Labor had got his dates
mixed, the time men will be laid off Is
about the same, and another slap has
boen taken at tHe shop crafts^ even
though the wind has been tempered to
the shorn lamb.
Arthur Wardule Passes Out
The many friends of Artliur War-
dale, member of the - International
Longshoremen's Association for a
numbor of years, will learn with re-
great that on Thursday death called
oije of their friends and a staunch
Labor man. Death came very unexpectedly, as he had only boon ill for
two or three duys, and a doctor was
not called ln until the morning of his
doath, his illness being looked upon
by himself as only a passing Indisposition. Ho leavos a sorrowing wife and
daughter to mourn^ils loss.
Hand The Federatlonist to your
Bhopmate when you are through with
Question of Non-Affiliated
Organizations Is
Street    Railwaymen    Put
Their Case to Central
A special meeting of the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council was held os
Tuesday evening, to give the Street
and Electric Railway Employees' representatives another opportunity to
place their case, as regards the question of affiliation with the Council, before the full Council.
W. H. Cottrell reiterated the objections made at the last meeting of the
Council, and was supported by F, A.
Hoover, A. Lofting and R. Anderson.
All the represestatives of the Street
Railway men urged that steps be taken
to remove any obstacles from the way
of organizations wishing to affiliate
with the Council, while Council representatives pointed out that the constitution of ther Council had been good
enough for thirty eight organizations
to accept, and that such provisioss. as
were ln the constitution had proved
satisfactory to these organizations.
It was Anally decided to make the
following recommendation to the next
meeting of the council: That thla
special meeting of the council recommends that a change be made in Sec,
2 of Article 2, whereby no organization affiliated with the Council will be
requested to pay more than $25 per
month per capita tax, or be entitled to
more than seven delegates, this
amendment to remain ln effect one
Several other motions were made,
but met with scant support, the above
motion carrying to assist the Street
Railway men in their efforts to affiliate with the Council, and at the same
time, not call on them to pay on their
full membership for the period of one
Open Forum
The usual Open Forum will be held
on Feb. 4. from 3 to 5 p.m. at the W.
P. Hall, 303% Pender Street West,
when Dr. Kllnck, of the B. C. University, will speak on "Adult Education."
U. S. Rail Board Sounds the
Death Knell for Strik-,
ers Unions
[By Carl Haessler]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Chicago.—Doom of the railway
shop crafts unions, bo far aa the U. S.
rail lubor board could fix lt, has been
sounded on roads that havo refused
to settle with their union men by a
decision of the board.
Company unions organized among
the strike breakers will be recognized
by the board as entitled to represent
thc employees of roads where a majority vote of the workers In employment authorizes the company
unions to act for them. The A, F. of
L. shop unions will continue to represent the employes where a majority
vote goos In their favor as against
rival company unions.
This means thut roads like the
Pennsylvania, Santa Fe, Southern Pacific, Burlington, Northern Puciflc and
Great Northern, which have refused
to settle with their men who went on
Btrike last July und are still locked
out, will be enabled through their company controlled unions to represont
both themselves and their employeos tn
disputes before the rait labor board.
The board hus prepared the way for
a succession of love feasts between
masters and men in future hearings.
Acknowledged union men are not
openly at work on the hardboiled
roads because that would mean scabbing on their brother unionists, who
aro still officially out on about hnlf
of the mileage ln the country, The
only opposition the company unions
would havo in the voting would bo
from the secret allegiance of men to
their former regular unions.
The labor board's move Ib another
stop In making effoctivo Us "outlaw"
declaration of last summer and its Invitation at that time to striko breakers to form unions and get themselves represented at board hearings.
The importance of this thrust at
union labor by the board Is lessened
by the fact that the board lost most
of its standing by its conduct during
the strike and by the subsequent settlements on many lines which Ignored
the board In arranging for tho settlement of future disputes.
The decision of tho board giving
status to company unions on roads
whoro tho employes voto to bo represented by company unions was handed down In the Grand Trunk case.
The Grand Trunk hnd given 30 days'
notice of termination of all agreements with tho-Federated Shop crafts,
tho A. F, of L. unions.
By the simple device of copying tho
best known phrases about Ignorant
aliens and radical agitators, Ah Sing
Ching, a Chinese-American residing in
Hawaii, has Just won tho American
prize for the best essay on Americanism.
Huge Sum of Money Available to Prosecute the
Union Men
[By McAllister Coleman]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Marlon, 111.—With the prospect of
$75,000 of public money to be spent
by the prosecution in investigation and
otherwise,  the trials of  76  Indicted
union miners In the Herrin riots of
June 21 and 22, 1922, are not likely to
be dropped because of the failure to
gain conviction in the firBt of the casos.
The senate  finance committee   at
Springfield hag recommended the ap-
proprlation of $75,000 for Attorney
General Brundage to be used in the
Herrin trials. Although he must make
strict accountisg to the Illinois Chamber of Commerce for the money, he received from the chamber, Brundage
will still have money to spend if the
recommendation goes through both
houses and Is approved by Governor
Len Small.   .
On Lincoln's birthday Judge De-
wltt T. Hartwell, who presided over
the trial leading to the acquittal ln 26
hours of Otis Clark and the four other
union miner defendants, will open the
murder case of Antonio Mulkovitch.
Mulkovltch was imported by Wm. J.
Lester, then owner of the.Herrin Strip
mine, to guard'thc strike-breakers calculated to net Lester an income of
$7000 a day in coal profits while the
strike lasted. Mulkovltch lost his life
In the aftermath of the Herrin mine
battle, provoked by the killing of three
unarmed union miners.
Hugh Willis, state executive board
member of the Illinois mine workers,
is the best known promlnest union
man Indicted in thts next case. All
the testimony in the cuse Just completed was to the effect that Willis
was active among those who tried to
prevent trouble at the mine.
Although Otis Clark, Bert Grace and
Peter Hlller will have to stand trial
again, Leva Mann and Joseph Carna-
ghl, two others who have just been acquitted, have been ruled out of the
next ense by consent of the State.
Others who will be tried are Percy
Hail, a step-brother of Sheriff George
Galligan of Williamson; Phillip Fon-
tanetta, Oscar Howard ond James
Brown, who have been released from
Jail on bonds, and Dallas McCree, who
was mentioned several times during
taking of testimony in the flrst trial,
Despite denials of the prosecution It
Is believed that very little new evidence
will bo presented by the State In the
second trial. The caso against the Ave
accused of killing Howard Hoffman
was generally supposed to be the
strongest that Attorney General Brundage had and lt Is expected that practically the same witnesses will reap
pear against the conl diggers.
The testimony for the prosecution In
the last case wns vague and unconvlsc
ing.    On the other hand, even State's
(Continued on Page 4)
Japanese  Prince  Has the
"Measles" to Show His
(By thc Federated Press)
Tokio—With ancient throncB in Europe crumbled to dust and others budly in need of rogllding, the prince regent of Japnn is anxious to prove his
essentill democracy.
So thero was great rojolcing in tlio
imperial household when tho princo
regent fell 111 with measles.
"Measles is a contagious disease and
most everybody has had thom," Dr.
Ikebe of the imperial household announced, "The prince regent Is democratic and he ls suffering now from
a democratic disease."
Japanoso majesty Is leaning on
measles for support.
Painters to Hold Open Meet ing
Locnl 138 nf tho International Brotherhood of Painters, Decorators and
Papor Hangers, will bold on open
meeting on February 8, at 148 Cordova Street Wost. Tills will bo the
first moeting in the drive for a larger
membership) and an increaso In wages.
All painters uro Invited to attond this
moeting nnd learn the plans of the
rfrganlxatlon for the betterment of the
conditions of tho members of the
Will Deal with Amalgamation and Red International
Workers Party Propaganda
Meeting Last Sunday
.    a Success
The Workers Party of Canada held
a successful propaganda meeting on
Sunday evening in the Colonial theatre. The speaker was Tlm Buck, of
Toronto, secretary of the Trade Union
Educational League. The speaker for
an hour and a quarter held his audience interested by a new presentation
of the case of the working olass. Leaving academics out of his discourse, the
speaker dealt with actualities, and the
needs of the workers at this time,
while at the same time he drew the
attention of his hearers to the European situation, and the effect It had
on the American continent, and particularly the workers of Canada.
Referring to the success of the Labor organization ln Great Britain, the
speaker pointed out that it had not
been cursed with dual unions, and for
that reason, the amalgamation of the
different craft organizations Into industrial unions was proceeding apace.
The speaker also referred to the
strateglo position that the railroad
crafts occupied, and urged amalgamation of the existing organizations
without any policy of disruption.
In closing, the speaker referred to
the European situation, and as to how
the development of the struggle would
in time bring the workers of the American continent Into the vortex.
On Sunday next, Buck will speak
twice ln Vancouver, the flrst time at
3 p.m., in the Labor Temple on the
subject: "Amalgamation or Annihilation." In the evening he will be at
the Lumber Workers headquarters,
and speak on the "lied International."
Piledrivers Moving
The Piledrivers and Wooden Bridge-
men have decided to change their
headquarters. After February 9, this
organization will be located over the
Beaver poolroom, at 112 Hastings
Street WeBt. In addition to ofllce accommodation, a reading room Is being
provided for the membership.
Canadian Government Merchant Marine Worst
At the annual meeting or the Federated Seafarers, Business Agent Don*
aldson presented the following report:
In submitting my first annual report to the members of the Federated
Seafarers Union of B. C, it must be
remembered that thc union has had
very trying experiences ln resisting
encroachments of the employers, particularly the Canadian Governmont
Merchant Marine Ltd., who have been
very ruthless in their treatment of
their employees, whether they union
men or not.
One cannot forget the prosecution
of the 12 firemen, who refused to sail
With a colored men, who was vory
filthy, according to evidence at tho
trial In Vancouvor, on February 6,
1922, and uIbo was unfair during the
strike with the C. O. M. M ships in
1021, when the 12 men were sentenced to four weeks hard labor
In February, 1!»22, The untiling
efforts of the Federated Seafarers
Union of B. C. iu this matter, with the
assistance of the solicitor, Mr. J, Pit-
culm Hogg (engaged by tho union)
resulted lu tho minister of Justice
granting a pardon and tho release of
lho men, after having served 11 days
of their four weeks' sentence, whtch
was imposed by Mr. J. B, Molllsh and
Mr. Prescott, wbo both practice law
in the city.
Almost every ship of tbe Canadian
Government Merchant .Marino Ltd.,
had complulnts of the scarcity of food
supplied to tho sailors and firemen.
Conditions such like nover existed on
any of the vessols operating from this
port. In nino cases out of ton, tho
union took thc matter tip With the
olllduls, aud had things remedied.
Seafarers from other countries that
are organized from away back, woro
greatly shocked to find conditions so
bad on government ships. The mombors of tho Austrnlian Federated Seamen's Union havo been vory energetic
in tiieir efforts to nssist In getting botter conditions.
The International Seamen's Union
of America did not assist in any woy
(Vancouver branch) to bottor tho conditions aboard those ships. They had
more time to flght combat with othor
unions, than look after the Seafarers'
Interosts. Thnt Ih why they are such
a fulilo body In Vancouver.
The Federated Son furors Union wns
duly chartered In Muy, 1B22.
Negotiations woro entered Into wilh
several companies in the Interest of
tho members, namely tho (_. P. It. and
thn Union S. K. and the Grand Trunk
s'lenn.shlp Company, the Consolidated
Whaling Company, regarding various
disputes and agreements, all of which
ended satisfactorily nt (ho time.
Nlnely-ono visits wero paid to the
General Hospital and St. Pauls IIospl-
Tom  Moore  Appears Before Ontario Government
Toronto—Tho eight-hour day was
the chief request made by a Labor deputation ot Premier Drury of Ontario.
The deputation asked that the eight-
hour day apply to all occupations except farmlag. Drury asked why Slot
farming, and Tom Moore, president of
the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada, who headed the deputation,
replied that they considered agriculture still largely a family Industry.
In reply to a request for propor
tlonal representation, Drury intimated
lt would be tried. In Toronto. Con
slderation was promised to a demand
that a minimum wage clause be included in government contracts. In
regard to a proposal for a holiday on
election day, Drury thought a half-
holiday enough. The deputation fur
ther aaked for maternity bonuses to
working women and for rehabilitation
of injured work men along the lines of
civil re-establishment of soldiers. Attorney Oeneral Raney said an effort
would be made to bring is legislation
of this nature.
Building Permit*
Jan. 25—2024 Beach Ave., T. O.
Thomas, store and dwelling, $7700;
1215 Lillooet Street, 1. E. Morrison,
dwelling, (1600.
Jan. 26—963—6th Ave. W., False
Creek Lbr. Co., mill, f 16,000; 1J7 Pender West, Sun Pub. Co., alterations,
12000; 507 Davie, J. Layfleld Cont.
Co., garage, $7000.
Jan. 30—2603 Triumph, O. Quean-
ville, dwelling, $2500; 2600 Triumph,
O. Qneanville, dwelling, $2500.
Jan. 31—2967 Charles, H. Stanley,
dwelling, $1500.
Suggests That Economists
Take the Place of
Workers Republic Puts Forward New Plan for
(By Louis P. Lochner]
(European Dir, Federntod Press)
Berlin—ictissin has sprung a new
surprise. Bhe proposes that economists and men versed In commerce and
finance gather in an International conference to put the world in order. In
othor words, she wants to attempt In a
non-political way what Genoa was advertised to do but failed to accomplish.
The Genoa conference was widely
heralded as an economic conference.
It developed, however. Into a political
conference pure and simple. Its main
commission was the political commission, on which sat politicians like
Lloyd George, Burthou und De Facta.
Economic problems were treated from
a political point of view.
Acting upon the suggestion of Russians of high standing In thc economic
life of the republic, a number of American, British nnd German business
men and economists recently confer
red at Berlin and have hatched out a
plan for calling an oconomic conference at tho German capital within n
few months. •
The whole plnn may yet fall through
but the lirst tentative steps hnve heen
tuken, and the Russians have found-n
surprising readiness on tho pnrt of
other nationals to fall in with the plan.
It Is intimated thnt even Fronch and
Belgian experts on nnnncc nnd oronii-
niv muy attend such n gutboring If
Russian economists point to the fail
uro of conferences at Spa, Genoa
London, I'nris, Tlie Hague nnd Lnus
anno. At The Hague, for Instance
Leslie Urrjuhnrt of England and Leo
nid Krassln met, but the conference of
the powors camo to naught. Thereupon thoso two men sat down at, n
table In Berlin nnd figured out the
agreement that has since become
world famous, But it was turned
down by the Soviot govornment, due
to political meddling In London.
Felix Doutsch, tho Krupp Arm and
Otto Wolff made thoir agreements
With Russia on purely economic buses,
leaving out political considerations.
P, l. p. Meeting
The regular propaganda meeting of
the Federated Labor Party will be
held at 148 Cordova Street West, on
Sunday evening. R . P. Pettlplece
will tako the chair, nnd the speakers
will bo Mrs. II, J. Taylor nnd Tom
Richardson, ThO latter will speak on
the European situation,
Patronizo Federatlonist advertisers
and toll thom wby you do so.
tal,  lo  members,  with  fruit,  tobacco,
The finances showed an Increaso of
over $1400 for the yours working than
Thoro were .".72 now members enrolled during 1923.
Sixty-three mom bora were transfer
rod from other unions.
I remain, your vory truly,
Reveals History of Activities of Goldstein in
Federationist Exposed This
Bird When He Left
Ban Franloeco—standing ln the ball
of the local union No. 8, ot the International Ladiea Garment Workera,
where he had come to plead (or the
release of his brother, Jim Larkin,
Bince pardoned, Peter Larkin recognized in their buainess agent one Davit
Goldstein Acoording to Larkin, Goldstein was responsible for the railroading to jail on a framed oharge of 11
I. W. W. membera and himself ia
New South Wales, Australia, in 1916.
Larkin immediately publicly denounced Goldstein, who, after a strange defense, was expelled from his offloe
and his union.
Davis and Louis Goldstein, brothers,
were active in radical clroles in Australia during the. early years ot the
war. In 1916 the brothers financed a
note forgery, a chemist named Scully
providing the Inks and other chemicals. All were arrested, and Louis
Goldstein waa dismissed, Davis Goldstein being held for trial. To save
himself from prosecution, Larkin alleges Davis Goldstein agreed to furnish evidence against the Australian
I.W.W., who were anoytng the government by anti-war activities. On perjured testimony offered by Goldstein,
the 12 men, ■ including Peter Larkin,
who was not a member, but had been
active in anti-war propaganda, were
arrested and arraigned for high treason.
Scully waa brought In as a witness.
Another witness was a police detective
named McAllister. But the frameup
was too raw for McAllister, and like
some of the early witnesses in the
Mooney case here, ho i-efnsed to testify. At 0 o'clock McAllister was In
good health. At 5:30 he was dead;
and the death certificate read "pneumonia." His daughter accuse'the
police of poisoning her father to prevent his changing his testimony.
Ih T918 Davis Goldstein, feeling
himself safe from the forgery charge,
swore before a magistrate that the
cadence he had given against the I.
W. W. members waa false, and drew
up a statement proclaiming the Innocence of the victims, all of whom had
been convicted. The prosecutor, hearing of Davis Goldstein's recantation,
became nervous lest Scully follow his
example, and endeavored to get him
out of the country. He is said to have
paid Scully 11750 and his fare to America. Longshoremen in San Francisco demonstrated against his landing
here, but he wns sneaked ashore.
At the same time that Scully was being shipped to America, Percy Brook-
Held, member for New South Wales,
brought before lhe assembly Goldstein's statement, and demunded that
the government bring Scully back to
testify. Itrookncld succeeded In his
endeavor, und Scully landed In Australia on a Tliursday.to appear before
the court on the following Monday.
On Friday night the twe Goldsteins
were rounded up by detectives and
tolil thin If Davis Ooldsteln (lid not
deny hi-; afllduvlt he and his brother
would still he sent up un the forgery
charge. In spito of thin the Judge declared that five.of the detectives should
tie ceiiHured nnd that the Goldsteins
und Meully were pbrjprofs. The Judge
stated, however, thnt he had no power
to release the men. On the agitation
following tills decision . the Labor
Party was returned to power in New
South Wales and Die Nationalists
thrown out.
in the meantime'the police had got
the indiscreet Davis Goldstein oui of
lhe country and Into America. Louis
Goldstein Is now a respected bUfllhesB
man In Los Angeles, asil Davis was
local agent of lhe International Onr-
menl Workers until Poter Larkin spot-
letl hltn. Scully died under suspicious
circumstances about throe months after il BOCOnd trial, whicli took place In
I _'JO.
As a result of tho Bocond inquiry,
Judge [Owing declared two more detectives to he perjurors anil once moro
branded Louis GoldBtoln and Hcully—
Davis Goldstein being safely out of
range in the United Statos.
(Continued on page 4)
Still Faces Other Charges
Because of Labor
Pittsburgh) Kas.-*-Alexander Howat,
former president Kansas Miners'
Union, who wuh released from jnil at
Girard recently, where ho wns serving
A Honlowe for violation of the industrial court law by calling a strike, has
68 days of nn unoxplred slm months'
Bontonco to sorvo at Coin in hln on nnother contempt chargo, He In under
bond in this cu»« on appeal to United
SlntCH supremo court, Attorney Gen.
Griffith haa advised tho Columbia authorities io obtain a bench warrant
tor the nrrost of Howat, despite claims
that Howat is not subject to arrest it.
that ense until his appeal lias been
disposed of. PAGE TWO
fifteenth tbar. no. j BRITISH COLUMBIA FEPERATIQNIST tawcocypr,
b. a
..February j, UU
PobUshed every Friday morning by The B. C. Federatlonist
Business Office:   1129 Howe Street
Editorial  Ofllce:   Room  306—819  Fender  street West
Editorial Board:   P. It. Bengough, It. H. Neelands, J. M.
Clark, George Bartley.
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, {3.00 per
year; Canada, $2.60 per year, (1.50 for six months: to
Onions subscribing in a body, 16c per member per
Cnlty of labor: Tlie Hopo of the World
FRIDAT - February 2, 1123
Oliver and Work
ANYONE KNOWING Honost John Oliver, cxected
** him to break into print when in Ottawa. In faot
his visit to that city, whoro political careers are
made and unmade, was tho opportunity of his life
to show how he could "servo his Province of adoption." What the results of his visit will bo no onc
knows, and no ono with any intelligence cares, for
if they know anything at all, they realizo that statesmen are born and aro not made on farms or in factories in spite of tho self-made man theory.
* *       *
But when Honest John says anything, being premier of the Province of British Columbia, there are
certain people who, under the belief that his words
are inspired, take notice of what he says and accept
it as they would the gospel. They are, however, not
of the enquiring turn of mind, or they would recognize that the man who once worked for twelve cents
per hour, and who eventually, by some manner or
means, becamo a "statesman," could not have any
more intelligence than themselves.
* * lilt will bo noticed that Premier Oliver admits that
men and women ire crying for bread, while the
government of whioh he is the head, is seeking to
bring more immigrants to this eountry, and more
particularly thia province. His Minister of Lands
is the chief exponent of this policy, but so far as we
know, the Honorable John haa never raised his
voice in protest, ngainst the wages offered on the
University site,- where men are working and sweating so that they can give their women and children
bread and nothing but bread. The rewards of industry are not equally distributed, says "our promier." We should say not, when a man who onee
worked at twelve cents an hour, and by his own
boot straps, lifted himself to a position where he
neither spins or toils, but only plays polities, can
secure a salary of thousands of dollars per year,
while the useful workers get only enough to enable
them to get enough to carry them from day to day
in a slow and lingoring death for no one with any
brains would suggest that men could live on thirty-
five cents per hour.
* »       *
If we were to use the capitalistic press statements
as to the words uttered by members of the working
class, we would have some doubts as to their accuracy, but when "statesmen" speak and their words
are qnstcd in papers which arc in line with the politieal outlook of those whom they quote, we do not
imagine that wo are using quotations which are not
in accord with the spoken word, and therefore wo
have no hesitation in using the following quotation
of a speech mado by thc premier pf this fair Province
whero men want work, honest work, and are prepared to accept the munificent sum of thirty-five
cents per hour for performing that work. His words
are as follows::
"That much was wrong with Canada, because of the mnota) attitude of its men and
women, was wrong." Continuing, he stated:
"There arc far loo many whito collared men
who are afraid to lose a little honost sweat, but
who exact a'fat living from the grime of the
toiler. Men and women were crying for bread
while countless acres that would produce food
for all were lying idle. The rewards of industry
were not equally distributed. Too many parasites woro living on the men who are really producing the wealth of the country. He had never
been afraid of hard work, he said, relating how
in British Columbia ho had dug ditches with
Oriental laborers on either side of him. It had
not degraded him. If need be, he would not be
loath to take his spade and dig ditches onoe
more." *       *       * "     . ..
There is, however, another aspect to thc situation
in British Columbia. It is an aspect that the industrial worker has given but little thought to in spite
of thc fact taht his interests are bound up with
those of the agrarian population of the Province,
and lhat is thc men who are willing to sweat and
toil, thc farmer, thc man who by his energy and
effort, his sweat, and tho sweat of his own family,
arc today starving—starving in spite of tho faet
that they have produced food, fruit and all that goes
to make life worlh living along with the industrial
workers who have produced the more lasting things
which servo mankind, are denied the workerB,
and that they do not fear work; that thoy
aro really producing thc wealth of the country,
but to date have not realized that they must
own that which they can produco, and the
moans by which they can produce it, bofore they
can throw off tho real parasites, who are not the
white-collared workers, but the kings and queens;
thc capitalist class and its lackeys and all thp forces
which exist to keep the workers m subjection ar.a
amenable to the wN of thctir masters who at pie-
sent dominate and exploit thoir slaves for their own
benefit. But let it be said for Premier Oliver, that
he doos not realize that ho is a capitalist politician
and at no late date his present masters will send
him back to his twelve cents per hour. He may
then learn wisdom, but at present ho is as hopeless
as thc slave who hugs tho chains which bind lum.
Trades Union Dues and Jobs
FROM PRESS DISPATCHES wc learn that a man
by the name of W. B. Best, who is supposed to
be a member or an officer of some railroad organization in Canada, which held its convontion in Winnipeg last week, has suggestod that if the dues paid
by trades unionists in this country and Canadian
unions, had kept thoir funds ata home, the unemployment problem would be solved as far as Canada
was concerned.    *       * „ ,.
We are not acquainted with thc gentleman referred to, and do not know who or what he is, but ir
he ever made such a statement, and wo suppose he
did, as he is a representative of an organization
whioh would receive accurate publicity from the
capitalist press, then all we oan say is that he was
either talking through his hat or thc punch holes of
his meal ticket.
In Oreat Britain, the workers organized in the
first place under difficulties. Tho founders of the
Trade Union movement in the British Isles had to
faco hardships and conditions that the average trade
union secretary does not know of, but these men
organized. As industry grew, the trade union movement became more or less respectable, and the officials of organized labor were given more or less prominent positions in the life of the nation.
But today the outstanding men in tbe Labor movement are the radicals; they are persecuted. They
are thrown into goal and even given sentences which
make the terms meted out to the first trades unionist seem insignificant. But there is one feature to
the movement that may have slipped the notice of
Mr. Best and that is that the workerB of the British
Isles do not send per eapita tax to any othor country,
but they are unemployed nevertheless.,.
Unemployment does not come through the payment of dues to a union which has its headquarters
in another country. It is due to the system under
whieh we live. In fact, it is inevitable, while wo live
under a system which is based on the production of
commodities for profit. Trade union dues sent from
Canada to the United States, do not cause unemployment. Their retention would not alleviate the
situation, and the man who suggests such a remedy
for the present suffering of the unemployed workers
is only playing the master class game, either knowingly or through ignorance, and we prefer to give
the benefit of the doubt.
While wo have no great respect for the A. F. of L.
and would liko to see it reformed by the rank and
file, the fact remains that the workers on the North
American Continent are governed and robbed by the
same ruling class. Wall Street and not Ottawa,
rules Canada. The American Plan, or the open shop
campaign is not confined to the United States. The
workers in Canada have more in common with the
workers of the United States, than they have with
their immediate or seen employers in Canada, consequently the cry for Canadian unions is but another
red herring across tho trail of working class solidarity. The Canadian movement has lost nothing in the
way of finances by its affiliation with the American
movement, but it might gain by imbuing a revolutionary spirit in the Ameriona Federation of Labor
by attempting to remove the barnacles whieh restrict development of that organization.
Economic News Service
Hours of Labor and Exploitation
THERE ARE PEOPLE who, in their wisdom, imagine that the workers should not organize to resist capitalistic encroachments. These people whom
wo refer to are not membera of the bourgeoisie, but
members of the working class. They imagine that
industrial organizations are but the bulwarks of
capitalism. The fight for the eight-hour, day is, in
spite of the opinion and the statements of these individuals, a part of the elass struggle. It is a fight
that could only be be waged because there is a class
struggle in existence.
Marx, whom these people pretend to worship, and
whom they refer to in their attempts to set up premises which Marx would never have agreed to, has
stated that a condition oould arise wherein the
workers could bc so squeezed by the industrial magnates, that they would be thrown on the industrial
scrap heap iu less time than would be the expected
iot of their misery. In other words, that the physical energy of the workers under capitalism could be
used up in about half the time that the worker would
livo under conditions in which he could secure the wages which even under capitalism he
could expect, by working enough hours to give his
employers the profits they were seeking, and the
slave the necessities to keep him alive to proceed to
his work and deliver his labor power from day to
day. *        *        *
The farmer in these days is in a similar position
to the old day worker. He has reached tho stage
where he produces three times as much as he did
formerly, but his condition is growing more desperate. Ho cannot dispose of his product, and starves
in the midst of plenty. His crops rot because there
is no market, and like the city lacurer, his increased
productivity brings him only increased misery, lho
farmers of tbe Provinee of British Columbia will
vouch for this statement, even though Premier Oliver may doubt it.
[By Leland Olds] *■
(Federated Press Isdustrlal Editor)
TN 1917, with collapse of the present
* economic system in Europe Imminent,. Woodrow Wilson announced that
economic neutrality was no longer
possible. Two months after his announcement, the system had collapsed In Russia and rebuilding had begun along lines determined by wage-
earners and peasants. Today the new
order in Russia has gained sufficient
foothold so that It ls Interfering with
the overweening desire of older governments for the control of the
world's mineral resources. Thla fact
underlies the apparent Inability of the
world to make the political and economic arrangements necessary before Industrial activity ean again take Its
normal course.
Stock exchange forecasts are today
ln a state of uncertainty bordorlng on
confusion, because the rank and file
are not let In on the real plans which
will determine future business conditions on a world scale.
The domestic situation seems entirely satisfactory. With the exception of farm purchasing power, all the
signs of returning prosperity are present. Railroad purchasing is recognized as a prime stimulus to industrial
activity. It Is present in increasisg
force. Joined with lt are the demands
of the automobile, the farm Implement and tho oil tank manufacturers.
These are calling for steel to such an
extent that certain producers are practically sold out for tho flrst quarter of
the year and prices are rising.
Prior to the war such conditions
would have been the basis for confidence. But the security market, after
taking account of all these premonitions of prosperity, has declined and
is waiting for news from Europe.
The Times Annalist interprets the
speculations of flnancla) New York
somewhat as follows, cither France
may uncover sufficient moveable
wealth In Germany to appease her
citizens, or Germany may capitulate on
terms which It is believed France ls
eager to offer, or France may complete
her "magnificent gesture" and withdraw, practically admltting-fallure, or
there may be war between France and
Germany, perhaps with Russian support.
These speculations are vitally Interesting to labor. For they point to a
slow recognition of the fact that the
economic system, which binds Europe,
America, asd the entire Anglo-Saxon
world Into an Inseparable unity, ls
teetering in the balance. The rank
and flle of Wall Street are dimly
sensing the fact that a collapse of
this economic system in Europe will
affect the United States. These men
haven't the least Idea how to go about
patching up the tremendous machine
the existence of which has only Just
become renl to them. But they have
vague faith that the financial giants
of the world's..great banking houses
must be working toward a solution.
This faith is expresed by the Economic World somewhat as follows: Despite a situation that appears to be
confusion worse confounded, the rank
and flle In Wall Street adhere to the
opinion that the reparations matter
is in the way of settlement. The
elder statesmen of Wall Street have
the programme mapped out to their
entire satisfaction. They point out
that first came the fall of Lloyd
Georgo, who was a thorn ln the side
of the French. Next is to follow the
overthrow of Poincare, who is a thorn
ln everybody's side. And then the
thing ls to be patched up largely
through the Intervention of American
bankers, who, while' avoiding entangling alliances and the like, are to determine the amount that Germany can
pay, Indicate the ways and means of
providing the funds, and then supervise the administration- of German
revenues and fiscal system."
Among so many random forecasts
another may be suggested. _Thla
would see ln Anglo-French unanimity
at Lausanne, and the superficial dis.
agreement in regard to taking possession of the Ruhr munition plants, the
development of a single policy. Russia stiffens German resistance to the
unjust terms of the Versailles peace.
Russia stiffens Turkish resistance to
tho economic hunger of Allied financiers. Russia brought the Genoa conference to nothing.
Lord Curzon appears to have found
a formula ln regard to oil which is acceptable to Standard Oil. There is an
accord among the Allies. Meanwhile
the military moves, against Germany
in the Ruhr, along the western border
of Thrace, ln the Straits, along the
Polish border, all seem to converge on
Russia in the spring. The latest issue
of the Army and Navy Journal contains an olahorate study of the present
Russian army. A similar study has
been published ln England. All these
facts have a bearing on the economic
situation in America.
Trade to Follow the Bible
As in Earlier Days
Is Hope
In Value, Price and Profit, Marx makes the following statement:
We have till now supposed that tb > working
duy has given limits.   The working day, however, 'im,' by itself, no constant limits   It is the
constant tendency of capital to strt-t-h it to its
utmost physically possiho length, because in the
sa .e degree surplus labor, and 'onspquently the
profit resulting therefrom, will  he increased.
The more capital succeeds in prolonging the
working day, the greater the amount oi othor
peoples' labor it will appropriate.   During the
seventeenth century a ten hours working day
was the normal working day all over England.
During the anti-Jacobin war, which was in fact
a war waged by the British barons against tho
British working masses, capital celebrated its
baechanalia, and prolonged the working day
from ten to twelve, fourteen, eighteen hours.
Malthus, by no means a man whom you would
suspect of a maudlin sentimcntalism, declared
in a pamphlet, published about 1815, that if this
sort of thing was to go the life of the nation
would bc atlacked at its very source.   A few
years bofore tho general introduction of the
newly-invented machinery, about 1765, a pamphlet appeared in England under the title, An
Essay on Trade.   The anonymous author, an
avowed enemy of the working classes, declaims
on thc necessity of expanding the limits of the
working day.  Amongst other means to this end,
he proposed working houses, wliieh, he says,
ought to bc "Houses of Terror."  And what is
the length of the working day he prescribes for
these "Houses of Terror?"  Twelvo hours, the
very samo whioh in 1132 was doclared by capitalists, political economists and ministers to be
not only the existing but the necessary time of
labor for a child under twelvc9 years.
*       *       *
Another war has been fought, and there may be
another, but the fact remains that the workers, agricultural and industrial, must get together and endeavor to resist encroachments df capitalism. Tho
industrial and agricultural workers are producing
more than three tunes as much as thc workers referred to in the times mentioned by Marx, but there
can be no doubt that the exploitation of thc workers
has bcen intensified in tho same or even greater,
and to lay down, to refuse to organize, both industrially and politically, would make the workers not
only helpless, but hopeless and as Marx himsolf said,
I without hope of salvation.
Methodist Episcopal Church
To Extends Its
Jap Government Will Take
Over Mines on Island
of Sahakalin
Tokio.-^-The Japanese government
proposes to go Into the business of
mining coal on the Island of Sahkalin
by being the principal stockholder ln
a company to be authorized by the
diet. Japan Is the owner of the
southern half of the island and also
occupies the northern half on the pretext that Russia has not sufficiently
"atoned" for the Nlkolaevsk massacre
that was precipitated by the Japanese
troops ln Siberia, now withdrawn.
Two hundred Japanese prostitutes
who remained behind in Vladivostok
when tho troops were recalled were
ordered to leave -by the Vladivostok
soviet. They refused at flrst, but
later applied for transportation to
Japan at the ofllce of the Japanese
consul general.
The new Russian government has
refused to pay the debts of the former
"white" government of the Bandit
Merkulov. A bill for J100.000 presented by a Japanese firm for stores
sold to the Merkulov regime has been
refused payment.
It ls reported that the new government has offered hospitality and
peaceful occupation to all former
white soldiers who care to return on
those terms. The "ships without a
port" that are wandering over the
ocean and have now reached the
Phllllplnes filled with refugees would
have been gladly received at Vladivostok, but it is rumored that Admiral
Stark did not want the radicals to
have the use of the tonnage.
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m,
New Spring
Emphasize Their Desirability for
Immediate Service
THE very kind of hats one would choose
now are these of Haircloth in black,
navy or brown, or feather models in
browns or tans, while small or medium
size shapes predominate, making them especially suitable for street, travel or afternoon service. The showing is representative of favored fashions for early season
wear.  Come and see them.
—Drysdale's Millinery Shop, Second Floor
575 Granville Street Phone Sey. 8540
Yard," perhaps ho will relate this Incident.   Perhaps not.
- --t- Scotland Yard with the unwelcome assistance of the London
Herald, England's Labor newspaper,
which exposed his methods of espionage and persecution of Labor and radical leaders.
Chicago—Union label Btores will be
opened In the Chicago loop district,
according to plans of the Chicago
Trades Union Label League. Local
unions have beon circularized with
proposals to buy' shares In the stores
at »6 a share. John P. Hoff, 8711 Alston Avenue, ls orrespcondlng secretary of the league.
Ring up Pbone Seymonr 23S4
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
8ult_>   SOI   Dominion   Building
nilESSl-S at Prices Below
Manufacturers' Cost
.SPECIAL Clearance Sale
We make this offer to make room
for now atocka which are now on tho
way from tbo East.
Famous ReJ1
6SS  HASTINGS  ST.. Near OranvUlt
Chicago—Six million eight hundred
thousand dollars are to be spent by
the Methodist Episcopal church annually on foreign missionary work, if
the council of the boards of benevolence of the church has Us action rati-'
fled. The same amount ls budgeted
for home missionary work.
The spending of almost seven millions in foreign missionary work calls
attention again to the frank utterances
regarding missionaries and Imperial-
Ism mado by Tyler Dennett nl an article entitled Christian Missions and Im-
pcriallnm. Tho article was publlshcfl
lha Christian Cenluiy, an undenominational journal of religion.
Afttr jhowmif \n\i missioiarh's
have tilways boen ^uick to evolve the
protection of the home government in
tlieir foreign endea\ori: and hud helped revolutionary activities against established govornment*} in Asia and the
ruciflc, Dennett declared:
"Tho application of the principle tf
intervention for the protection of missionary work often eventuates In ef-
ortu to bring in the kingdom of God
with a sword, nnd always dolivers the
missionary into the hands of imperialists."
In the carofully laid plans that
brought nbout tho first expansion of
American imperialism beyond the American shores of the Pacific to the Ha-
Logging Men!
Christie's No. 200 Calfskin
Single Sole stitchdown Boot
la the lightest and most flexible Logging Boot ever made.
If joa nl* your feat u • sledgehammer on hooka, chaina, ato.,
thea bu; Ohriatle'a No. SO ud io
•t it. Waterproof! guaranteed to
hold caulke.
Christie Boot
Phone Sey. 8»70
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
101-401 Metropolitan Btllldlllf
837 HsitUla gt. W. TAHOOOVBB. B. 0.
Talephoasa: Seymour 0606 aad 0067
Kindling Free
1MO <--_*_NV_I_I_E  Sey. 62_0
1160 QmuK Street
Sunday eerrioea, 11 a.m. and 7.-80 p.m.
Sunday achool Immediately following
morning Bervice. Wi'dneaday lostimonlal
meoting, 8 p.m. Free reading room.
001-803 Blrka Bldg.
B. F. Harmon S. A. Fairy
Phont Fairmont 58
Late Head of London Police
Was Smart But Girl
Was Smarter
Newport News, W. Va.—Sir Basil
Thompson, until recently head of the
criminal investigation deuartemnt of
Scotland Yard, London's police headquarters, which Bince tho war has becomo practically an espionage organisation to spy on the Labor movement,
has been In America for somo time.
A few weeks ago, at a carefully-
guarded secret meottsg, he told 800
members of the Now York police department all about how to spy on Labor and radical organizations, how to
rrcato distrust and suspicion among
their members, and to sow seeds of
dissension with tho objoct of destroying them.
Thompson—or Sir Basil, as he is
supposed to be addressed, with the
accompaniment of bowing and scraping—has been toasted and feted and
wined and dined In America by the
wealthy and the powerful, and he has
addressed meetings of haughty ladles
Kirk's Coal
waiian Islands, economic forces, Don- whose ancestors, a very, very long
nett admits, "were very strong, quite time ago, were radical and overthrew
sufficient to have brought about the their rulers in America by force and
annexation if no missionaries had ever violence. And he has been quoted at
gone there, but It cannot be denied length ln the newspapers as a terribly
that tbe missionaries were the very
willing agents of American Imperialism In the Pacific."
"It ls very difficult," he says, "for an
American missionary to resist the conclusion that If only the stars and
stripes could be raised over the land
of his labor, the kingdom of Ood would
therby bo greatly adahnced.
"The enthusiasm with which a large
missionary constituency ln the Unltod
Stntes advocated an American mandate over Armenia and the recent demand for American intervention ln
tho ncftr east, do not stand alone tn
history. Tho full force of thiB question of the relation between Christian
missions and imperialism does not
break upon us until we study these
smart detective—smarter, perhaps,
than our own sharpfaced William 1.
Well, ThompBon—pardon, Sir Basil
—came a few days ago to this elty.
He went to a hotel. Not long afterward he appeared at the desk.
■Tm robbed," he shouted. "My
pocketbook Ib gone!"
The clerk asked him whother anyone else had been ln his room.
"I tell you, sir," he declared exolt
edly, "there hasn't been a soul In my
room but myself.   I'm robbed!"
Juat then a chambermaid appeared.
She had the great Sir Basil Thompson's pocketbook In her hand.
I found It under Sir Basil's pillow,"
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones: Sey, 1441 and 465
Office No. 2
1025 Main Street
Phone Sey. 9075
■nd Non-alcoholic wtnee of aO
Cigar Store
r\ID yon ever "hold the line!" That
■■■"'ia hold the telephone receiver to your
ear for what seemed liko hoars, while
someone you hrd called up looked op
papen or other things to answer yoar
When you are ealled by telephone and
must tako time to look up something, it
Is better to nay, "I will look It up and
call you,"
This little courtesy will'not only pre*
vent the caller from becoming impatient,
bat will release both lines for other calls.
tthe said,
moat recent expressions in the light of'    When ThompBon writes a sequel to
the many which have preceded them."  hie book, "My Experiences in Scotland
Tm Short Wort* Bridging the Gull Botwoen
- Hart fo_ protaetod joeteeli net year family tfalnat nek u emargtoor.
wltt a 8AVINOS A0OOOHT—tha meat nhublo Anal » maa eea am ttt
Wl STBONOLT RIOOMMIND 701 ta atari nek an amut AT MCA
■t ona of ou Olty Branafeao.
BAItnOI ui UTKOUB Ooo. I. Harmon. IftMfor
Oordon uA AMott Main ud IMk An. loin ud Bradtny
Union Bank of Canada
P.8.—If you an living Id * eommnnlty not provided with Basking facilities, addreu u by mall, and we will be glad I* guide yoa In respect to "Banking by Mail." FBIDAT.: February * HM
fifteenth year. no. t BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c
Stocktaking Sale
Men's Bibbed Sox, pair 25^
Men's Heather Sox, imported, per pair 50^>
Men's   Bibbed   Underwear,
green label, suit $2.00
Men's Military Top Shirts,
each ?1.00
Men's Grey Ceylon Flannel
Shirts, each 81.50
Men's    Mackinaw    Shirts,
Carss, each $5.50
Carss Heavy Grey PantB, at
eaoh 88.50
Men's Pants, pair. 82.50
Dayfcot's Logging Boots,
guaranteed to hold calks
at, pair 812*00
Men's High Top 18-in. ..$10
Leckie's Boots, all makes,
Men's and Boys'
Dr.'Eeid's Cushion Sole
Vancouver Unions
Council—ProfUlent, B, H- Ntoluda,
IHO.! geleral aecreury, Percy E. Ban-
TOU«_. 0»»: »0», 81» Pender St. W.
Phona Bey. MM. MeeU in labor Boll ot
I p-m. •■ the drat ud third Toeadaya
In month. _____	
ell—MeeU    eecond    Monday    In    tbo
month.    Preaident; J. R. White; aerro-
Ury, B. H. Neelanda, P. 0. Bo- M.
MeeU aecond Ttanior orery month,
ll» Ponder St. W. Preeldent, '-Ml*
weolll fininoUl ieoreUry, H. A. Bowtoi,
38t» Bnrni 8t.	
tlenal Union of AmerlM—Local tM,
Vancouver, B.O..meaU aeoond and JoiuJJ
Tueadoye In each month In Boom 813, 81»
Pender Streot Woat, Preaident, 0. »
Barrett. 71 Haatinga 81. E. f***taUryt
A. R. J»n I. 830 Oombio St Stop phono,
Ber. 8708. Bealdenoe phone. Do_l.»»U».
Bolfaraokera, Iron BhlpWIldera wd
Helpera ol America, Local IM—Italian
•rat and third Mondaya in net mon*.
Preaident, P. WlUlal aecreUry, A. Proaer.
OBce: Room 808—81» Pender St. W.
Olllce houra, 0 to 11 «.m. nnd 3 to »PJn.
need brickUyora or maaona lor boiler
worki, eto, or marble aettera. pkone
Brlcklnyera' Onion, Uber_Templo:___
OWTBD    BBOTHM-flOOD   ___S*_t
pent.ra ud Jolnera, Local ***-*"*
dent, Wm. Dunns w»>*Hni tf*__l
Geo Snell i bulneu amnt, Oe* H. HMTdy.
OBce: Boom 814, 818 Pender St. W-
MeeU aeoond and "ourlh Mondoyi. • _•"»•.
Boom 5. 81» Pander Bt. W.	
OIVIO    EMPLOTBEB'    H""0 _—"Si*
Int and tklrd Prldwa to each month,
tt U8 Oordova St. W. _*"*£***_.':
White. 3405 Pendor St. E-i. aamuy*
Trea__rer, Oeo. Hnrrlaon, 1336 Woodland
Drive. .  ..       ■■
dova St. W.—Education^ .meetinn
every Sundny eveninl. 11 o'clock. Bnel
net. meeting. every7.edne.day evening.
R. P. Pettipiece, chnirmnn-, E. H. Mom
eon, aeo.treaa.i J. Bennett, correeponding
aecrt-Ury. ,^ --—
Proeident, Neil MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;    Seeritary,  0. A. Wateon,  No.  8
Firehall. .	
Union. Locnl 88-441 Seymour Street.
UoeU tret and third Wedneadaya nt 8.80
pjn. Second and lourth Wadnoadijjl*
5.30 p.m. Executive hoard meet! ever.
Tueeday nt 8 pjn. Preeldent W. Colmar.
BuBlnesa agent, A. Ornhnm. Phone Soy.
W8L .	
Lumber   workers'   industrial
trial uuion ol all workera In logging nnd conatructlon campe. Conet Dl*
trio' ud General Headunnrten, dl Cordon St. W, Vanoouver. B. 0. Phone Bey.
1000. J. k. Olurke, reni-rnl ■■*»«•«_■
treaeurer; legtl ndvUera. Meaare Biro.
Macdonald A Co., Vancouver, B. Oj nudj.
ton. Meaara. Buttor A Obleno. Vnncoo-
1   ver. b: C. _ 	
glOHINISTB   LOOAIr   m^rtetittA
Ed. Dnwaons iecretary, R. Hint! boal-
neee agent, P. R. Bongongh-   pfflee:808,
i 318 Pender St W.    MooU In Room 8,
) (18 Ponder St. W., on aecond nnd foaJM
\ _m__ In month.	
, __a——iWa~Vovi-~^iJi-^rM<*$<
Lw Oeorge; uoraUrr, J.   _   Kooto
bueineee Kent, P. ■■ JltMOUk.    OBoo.
J 108, 318 Pender Bt. W.   lleeta in Boom
I 818; Mt Panda. St. W. on dm wd third
V T__n-_-i In month.      .	
nun ud Popernnngera   of   AmerIM,
Loeal   188.  Vucouver—Meeta  and  nnd
4th Th-radara nl  »48 Oordovn St W.
Phono Boy. 3481.  Boolnua ngent, R. A
PILE DRrtBBS, BRIDOE, *_■>*_____
Dock Bnllden! -
1 ln Lnbor Hall, 813
Local No. 840
13 PBler St '
iy atl p.m. Jai
. 9404—MooU
,  ,„ „„„  ... -_--. St W.. every
Ind nnd 4th TxUaf ntTp.m. Ju. Thomp-
aon. Plnnnolal SecreUry. ____—
13S Oordovn St W„ P. 0. Box 671.
I' Phono Sey. 8708.    Moctlnje every Mon-
t dny nt 7:80 p.u.   P. Hookndny, Buelnea.
I Agent. . .
I B.C.—Mei ting nlghte, Unt Tueeday
I and third Friday ol each month «t bead-
louartore, 818 Oordova St. W. Preildent,
I D. GlUeepio j   vice-president, John John-
■ aon; eecretery-treaiurer. Wm. Donald-
laon. nddrees 318 Oordovn St. West.
I Branch ngont'B addreaa: Wm. Franole,
J 1484 Oovernment St., Viclorle, B. 0.
■ Operating Engineen, Local 844, meeti
fevery Thuwdoy at 3 p.m.. Room 807
ILabor Temple.    Seoretary-Treaiurer.   N.
■ Green, 838 Hornby St. Phone Sey. J048R.
1 Recording Secretnry, J. R. Oempbell, 803
f Pint Btreet, North Vancouver.	
J     Employeea, Pioneer Dlvlelon, No. 101
—Meete K. P. Hnll, 8th and Klngawny,
let and Srd Mondaya at 10:16 n.m. and 7
I p.m. Preaident. F. A. Hoover, 8408 Olnrko
',-tST.;   recording-secretary, A. V. Lofting;
treasurer.  A.  F. Andrew;   flnancial-eeC'
retery snd business agent, W. H. Cot-
■ troll,  186—17th Avo. W.l olllce. corner
, Prior nnd Main Ste.   Phone Fair. 46041
I     America, Looal No. 178—Meetinga held
' first Monday In >ach month, 8 p.m.   President, A. R. Gatonby; vlce-prealdent, Mn.
Dolk; reeordlng aecreUry, a McDonnld,
P. 0. Box 608;   dnuelnl   aeoreUry, P.
McNolak. P. 0. Box 608.	
Soviet Rnssla, Vanconver branch, meeta
t flnt ud third Sundays eaoh montb, 8
p.m., at 61 Oordovn Bt. W.   Tor inlorraa.
! tlon write to branch secretnry, 8.T.A.S.R.,
I 61 Oordovn St W.', Vancouver, B. 0.	
Llf-tiaKAPHioALBiaoN, »o. m_—
Pruldent, Wm. Skinner; vice-preeldent,
I A. Tueker; aeeretary-tnnanrer, R. H.
[ Meelanda. P. 0. Box 66. MuU Iwl
I Bnndny ol uoh month nt 0 n-m.^
I     No.  837—President J. J. Begl, vice-
J prealdenl, B, J. Stewart; aecreUrytreaa.
I.nrer, L. 0. Gilbert, P. 0. Bu 476, No-
"la the Flavor Sealing tin"
New York—The Marine Engineers'
Beneficial Association, with a membership of about 22,000, haa ratified the
action of ItB delegates at Its recent
Washington convention In withdraw'
Ing from the A. F. of L. as a result of
the latter body's opposition to the ship
subsidy bill.
' Oet your workmate to subscribe for
['he Federatlonist.
"A Good Place to Eat"
The Ham, Butter
and Egg Kings
123 Hastings St. B.—Sey. 3262
1101 Granvillo St.—Sey. 614S
3260 Main SL—Fair. 1683
830 GranvUle St.—Sey. 866
Given Prompt Attcnttion
Slater's Famous Alberta Creamery Butter,   ' d_ I    % C
3 lbs. for  _ VAa IO
Saturday morning from 7 to 11.
Limit 6 lbs.
Slater Famous Rolled Bacon,
no skin, no bone, no waste,
all meat; welshing from 4 to
8lbs. Reg. 30c lb. *)C_n
Extra special ....   a-D_\*
Canada "A" Spuds,
Canada "A" Ashcroft Spuds,
selling at d» -t   Cf\
per   sack  9,1 oOy
Slater's Famous
Picnic Hams, lb,.
Choice Pot Roasts, from, lb...10c
Choice   Oven   Roasts, from per
lb  12^0
Choico  Boiling Beef,  from per
lb  8o
Choice Boneiosb Stew Beof, 211)s.
for 25c
Choice Rolled Beef Roasts, from
per lb  18c
A special lot of Slater's Famous Pork Shoulders, weighing from 4 to 8 lbs., on sale
on Friday and Saturday.
Reg. 25c per lb.
Special  at 	
Local Lamb Roaats^lb. 22 *\_Q
Local Lamb Loins, lb 30c
Looal Lamb Legs, lb 35c
Local Lamb Stew, 2 lbs...25c
Choice Veal Roasts,
from,  lb	
Slater's   Famous  Red Label
Tea, only,
per lb	
Burns' Finest Shamrock
Lard, guaranteed pure; reg,
25c lb. Friday and Saturday, 3 lbs.
At Slater's S:ores
Phono Your Ordors—Large
or Smnll
Startling Capitalistic Report as
to Conditions in Coal Mines
in Pennsylvania
[Ed. note.—For years the miners of the United States have fought
against aU the powers of the ruling class to secure some relief from the
conditions under which they have been compelled to work. They havo
been abused and butchered by the hired thugs and gunmen of the companies they have worked for, but when the City of New York became
affected by the strike, it was decided to Investigate Into the shortage,
with the result that conditions were revealed which even made the supporters of the present system recoil ln horror. The following is the report
made by the committee appointed by Mayor Hylan, of New York City.]
(Continued from last week)
The method employed In getting the
coal out of the ground is the same in
both types of mines. A trench about
two feet high is dug by the miner un-
nerneath the coal, holes are bored
Into the coal, explosives inserted into
the holes, and the coal ls shot loose
from the roof of the trench. The
miners then break up the coal Into
small pieces and load it into small
cars which, after being loaded, are
dragged by mule or electric power to
the "tipple" at the entrance to the
mine, where It ls weighed and, at the
Berwind-WhHe.n_ines, ls immediately
dumped Into large railroad coal cars
for shipment to the place of Its ultimate destination.
The tunnels In these minea are so
low that It is impossible for even an
under-sized peraon to walk in them in
an upright position. An instance was
cited to the committee of a miner who,
because of hts six-foot height, was
obliged to lie down to enable him to
dig coal.
The miner works underground in
darknesB, save for the light he carries
on his cap. The miner never sees the
light of day, excepting on Sundays,
and is,always In danger of the. roof
caving ln and burying him, or gases In
the mine exploding and killing him,
similarly to those killed in the gas
explosion which occurred recently at
Spangler, Pa., about twenty miles
from the Rerwind-White mines. Federal statistics show that one-third of
the workers in the mines are either
killed or maimed each year. Widows,
orphans and cripples abound in mining towns, and the mines are growing
deeper each year''and, therefore, more
Goneral Strike in the Coal Fields
On April 1, 1922, there was a general strike declared in the coal mining
industry throughout the country.
Thereafter, negotiations were had between certain mine operators in the
various mining districts ln the country and the representatives of the miners, and on Auguat 16, 1922, an agreement was signed at Cleveland, Ohio,
by a majority of the soft coal operators with the representatives of the
United Mine Workers, by the terms-of
whioh agreement the operators agreed
to pay their miners the old wage for
mining coal and for "dead work." The
Berwind-White Coal Company did not
join in the Cleveland conference and
refused to negotiate with the representatives of the United Mine Workers, and hence the strike in their
mines remains unsettled.
Your committeo was informed that
45,000 bituminous coal mining employees in District No. 2, which includes Somerset, Cambria and other
nearby counties in Pennsylvania, and
500,000 mine employees in other parts
of the country have .returned to work
under the Cleveland agreement, and
that about 70,000 mine workers, including the employeos of the Berwlnd-
Whlte mines, are still out.
Tho Berwlnd-Wlilto Coal Company
Refuses to Participate In Hearings
On Oct. 29, 1922, the day when the
committee visited the Berwind-White
coal mines, the committee called at
the office of the Berwind-White Coal
Mining Company in Windber, Pa., and
the chairman personally met Mr. W,
E. Newbaker, assistant superintendent
of the Berwind-White Coal Mining
Company, and invited the company's
representatives to be present and participate in the hearings, which were to
be held by the committee the following day. In answer, this gentleman
disclaimed that there was a strike ln
the company's mines, and Btated that
the company would refuse to meet any
of its former employees, but that the
committee could call at the offlce of
fthe coal company and the company's
representative would answer any proper questions the committee would
propound. Mr. Newbaker was then
asked as to who was to judge whether
a question propounded by the committee wore proper or improper, and
he replied that every business man
was a Judge whether a question asked
him is a proper question. The chairman thereupon declined the otter to
have the committee meet the company's officials behind closed doors,
without representatives of the miners
being present.
Committee Holds Public Hearings and
Offers Services to Settle Disputes
The committee thereafter held two
publio hearings, namely, on October
30 and 31, 1922, at Windber, Pa,, in
the only independent hall in that town
and a third hearing on November 1,
at Johnstown, ln the Fort Stanwix
In addition to the personal Inspections and Investigation by your committee, It examined twenty-one witnesses, mainly former employees of
the Berwlnd-Whlte Coal Company, and
heard various officials and representatives of the coal miners union.
It did not take long to learn that
the Berwind-White Company officials
treated their employees purely as
beasts of burden and sacrificed the
lives and limbs of thousands of mon
and the happiness and future of thousands of women and children to build
for themselves an Industrial autocracy.
Sad as It ls, the charges of underpaying, short weighing and overcharging for food and clothing against the
Berwind-White Coal Mining Company by its striking employees are only
too true. The dejected condition of
the miners, the wasted bodies of their
wives and the sad faces of their undersized children, testified in the strongest terms to their helpless and poverty stricken condition.
The stories of these poverty-stricken
people were such as would melt any
heart excepting that ln the stony bosom of a coal baron. No Egyptian
Pharaoh rearing for his glory a towering monument ever drove his slaves
harder than these miners were driven*
No Czar was more autocratic than
were these representatives of predatory so-called big business.
The'flrst hearing was attended by
the mine union representatives and
between four and five hundred miners
with their women folk and children,
but no one appeared for or in behalf
of the Berwind-White Company. Mr.
John Lochrle and Mr. D. T. Price, two
coal operators in that district, were
prosent and claimed to represent the
citlzenB of Windber, denying any connection with the Berwind-Whtto interost. Mr. Lochrle stnted that the
reason why no other residents of
Windber came to the hearing, was
because the hall In which the committee met wns considered strikers' territory by the citizens of the town of
The chairman thereupon explained
that the reason why the hearings
were held in that hall was because it
was the only hall the committeo could
get in Windber, and stated that the
committee would gladly meet nt any
other place Messrs. Lochrle and Price
would suggest.
At this hearing the chairman also
tendered the good offlcts of the committee to Messrs. Lochrle and Prioe
with a view of bringing them and their
striking mine workers together. Both
these gentlemen, however, declined
the committee's offer, stating that
there was no striko In their mines and
they had nothing to settle.
After a further colloquy between the chairman and^ Mr.
Lochrle, It developed that Mr.
Lochrle    himself    owned    a    large
T AST November word reached thef What
JJ the Lumber Workers Union in
Vancouver that a number of men were
being shipped from Peace River, Alberta, to Vancouver, B. C. Those men
being shipped here to go to work tn
tho lumber camps on tho CoaBt. From
what can bo learned, 89 of those men
reached Vancouvor.
A few days ago we got possession of
one of the employment slips furnished
to these men.   It reads ns follows:
Peaco River, Alta.
Mr. Herbert Hicks,
313 Carrall Streot,
Vancouver, B. C.
This man is a homestead settler,
and ls reliable. Give him a Job at
common labor.
Yours respectfully,
Tho amusing part of thts document
ls the fact that a C. P. R. telegraph
blank ls used. Evidently Bruce did
not intend to waste perfectly good
paper of his own when he could take
telegraph blanks.
These men reached Vancouver on
or about the 19th of November lost,
JuBt about three weeks before the
camps closed down owing to the bod
weather. One can Imagine the time
these men must have had ln Vancouver during the winter, Inexperienced
men shipped Into a place like Vancouver in the month of November for
the purpose of working In the camps,
at a time when the camps were ■ihotit
ready to close down. However, thc
well-being of the men did not count.
mattered to tho association waB
the fact that they wero some tnore
men helping to Hood tho Labsr market and keep down wagos, That wns
tho reason why they wore shipped.
Evidently from tho above employment
form, the Loggers Association, th_-ouf.ii
their blacklisting agency, had theso
men shipped to the CoiihI, and our old
friend Hicks used some person named
Bruco up ln tho Peaee Rivor country
to secure the men for lilm.
Wo thought that tho Government
Employment Service would bo used
for shipping ln all men from outsido
points, but evidently tho government
has but little to sny in tho mattor
whon it comes to flooding the Labor
market in ordor to secure choap labor
for the logging camps.
Most of the men are commencing to
see the nood of organi-fttlon, and I
hopo to seo tho majority of tho old-
timers back lh the union this coming
summer. Most of the old pet and
stock arguments are being dropped.
The men hero nre a pretty good lot;
mostly old, experienced loggers, although we have a few others also.
This Is not a first-class camp with
regard to bunkhousos, etc., but the
"chuck" Is good, and the pay Is better
than in most camps. The ground we
are logging on Is pretty rough, and
with cold nnd snow, or rain this time
of the year, a fow aro quitting once
In a while.
Dolegato 129.
Fate of Administration Remains in the
Labor Party Lays Down a
[W.  Francis Ahern]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Wellington, N. Z.—The final state
of parties, as a result of the general
elections in New Zealand Dec. 7 last,
is as follows: Conservatives, 38; Liberals, 20; Labor, 17; Independent Liberals, 4; and Independent, 1.
Commenting on the result, Harry E,
Holland, leader of the Labor Party,
said the most sensible thing to do
since the Liberals will not coalese with
the Conservatives, is for parliament
to meet and put through appropriations, enact proportional representation, and then dissolve to hold another
election under modern conditions.
As the govornment (Conservative)
has been unable to come to terms
with any of the other parties, lt is
proposed to call parliament together
at the end of January, tp decide the
fate of the administration.
The New Zealand Labor Party had
laid down the following industrial and
social policy at the general election:
Social Policy—Pension to include all
widows and incapacitated citizens and
fin increased rate of payments. All
state pensions to be universally obtainable as a right of citizenship, and. to
be based on payments guaranteeing
prevailing standard of living; the national endowment of motherhood;
abolition of capital punishment and
flogging; prison treatment, the sole
object of which will be the social reformation of prisoners.
Industrial Policy—The right to work
or maintenance; five-day working
week of 40 hours; recognition of
unionism as the basis of arbitration in
Industrial. law, and cossequent union
membership of all workers; equality
between sexes, including equal pay for
equal work and equal right of the
mother to the children; good housing
accommodation and trade union wages
and hours for all wage earners; the
amendment of compensation act to
provide full payment of wages during
the incapacitation and full medical
hall in Windber and the chairman challenged Mr. Lochrle to allow
the committee to hold Ub next session
In his hall. Mr, Lochrle agreed to
that and volunteered to call on the
Berwind-White Co.'s officials and
made an effort to induce thom to have
their corporation represented on that
occasion. However, when on the following morning the committee come
to Mr. Lochrie's hall, it was found
locked and tho committee was obliged
to adjourn to tho Independent hall,
where the previous hearing waB held.
Later on, the committeo learned
that both Messrs. Lochrle and Price,
as lessees of coal mines from tho Bor-
wind-White Coal Mining Company,
were, practically, subordinates of the
Berwind-White Coal Mining Company
and subject to the orders of that company.
At the conclusion of the second
hearing the chairman again publicly
invited the Borwlnd-Whlto Coal Mining Company to attend the committee's
final hearing on Nov. 1, at the Fort
Stnnwix hotel, in Johnstown. However, no representative of that company appeared at that hearing, and
the committee proceeded to ascertain
from tho miners and their representatives what steps they had taken to try
to settle the strike.
At the close of this last session of
the committee, the chairman sent the
Berwind-White Coal Company a telegram, stating that the committee
would wnit in Johnstown all that day
to hear from the company's officials
and, If necessary, the committee would
gladly prolong Its stay to hear the
company's Bide of the strike situation.
Not receiving an answer to that telegram, the committoe enmo away without hearing the conl company's sido of
the controversy betweon it and Its
striking employees.
Reasons Which Led Up to the Strike
So far as your committee could ascertain, tho reasons nnd circumstances
which led up to the Btrike nnd tho
conditions now existing nt the mines
operated by the Herwlnd-Whito Coal
Company, arc tho following:
Prior to February 18, 1022. l^c
miners in tho bituminous coal mines
In and around Johnstown, Penn., including tho Berwind-White Coal Company's mines, were paid $ 1..IH por ton
for the coal they mined and 60 cents
por squaro ward for "doad worlt."
"Dead work" consists of removing
stone, dirt and other debris In the
mlno to permit the mining of conl and
the entry Into tho tunnel of tho small
and low cars on whloh tho coal Is
loaded and brought to tho surface. It
wns testified that at times from two
to threo feet of rock had to be excavated from tho Bides and bottom of a
coal seam, and that from one to two
days a week of the miner's timo often
was spent In removing such rock nnd
On Fob. 15, 1922, tho Berwind-
White Coal Mining Company abolished
payment for "dead work" and, on
April 1, 1922, reduced thc rate of mining coal from 11.28 to $1*01 a ton.
(To be continued next week)
Tokio—Coolies who pull handcarts
aro feeling the effects of the Increased
use of motor trucks for hauling material. Every day theso men go out In
search of work and are often unable
to flnd it.
Three Great Storip*  IHS ,00LD sickle," {a story of Druid o»i);
It\u2.«HSt-PK '*?>ri" *"?"* JL.™* lota-Wr-ALSO "THE IKON COLLAR"—(A tale
0^ff«7.urtJr^fh«.R»n,Mil);. tT)TS.*"* **5?P from KuKcn0 8u*'" mwwllo-11 work,
>M_£*tB3! ?I tt!iI5SA °J: i.*HU*0Tr Of a Froletwlsn Family Acron., lho AKe„."
Traralated from the original French by Daniel do Leon.)
I™,*? JS& ^6r,J°?t °,f _P_\ tn "^ ?•*"• *-* CM"* •» obtained elsewhere. Order
-rttamrtf^itoSid. ' •Mr"l,"3«'«n» «"» I0'* tHte»j 800 each; 11.00 fbr tho two
Pl«bi Building, 04 Adelaide Stmt, Winnipeg Manitoba, Canada
Come and Look at this
for $59
It's made expressly for and sold exclusively
by the H. B.C. It's a range value that has no
equal in Canada. It's a range of excellent
appearance, good weight and fine finish, fitted
with six cooking holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19xl6xl2i4-inch oven. The range is, fully
trimmed, has high'warming closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It's a splendid baker
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $25.00 more
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying and close selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
Hudson's Bay Company
-Max and Morltz, the Simian comics
that appear at the Orpheum next
week, under the personal direction of
their mentors and owners, Reuben
Castang and Charles Judge, are' pampered more and havo a greater number of personal eccentricities than the
most famous stars who have appeared
recently at the theatre.
The chimpanzees have breakfasts of
baby food, luncheons of rice cakes,
and dinners of oranges and bananas.
For drink, they quae goblets of lemonade to which orange Juice has been
added, and for their confections, they
munch a cocoanut or two.
Whon travelling, they occupy upholstered thermos crates, which are
equipped with steam radiator consoc-
tions, electrio lights and fresh water
drinking tanks.
In thoir performance, which ls one
of thc most unusual on the stage today, they play around liko good-nntur-
ed children. They show no fear of a
boating in case they become too mischievous, and miss their cues; they
simply laugh and try it ovor again,
Their whole routino was isstllled in
thoir minds by kindness.
There are three chimpanzees In the
company, Max, Morltz and Akka, the
three remaining out of-a capture of 29
in the wldls of South Africa. Influenza and pneumonia killed off the
other 26, These three simian performers have been trained to great comedy
heights. While any trained aslmal
can do tricks, these chimpanzees differ from other animal acts because
they make you laugh at their comedy,
and it is comedy for the elders as well
as the youngsters.
Com. Wed.  Eve.,  Feb. 7th
Fonr Might! usi Thre, ggUnwi
OQY VOTEB In "Mttry M."
 MAX   md  MOttlT-
M.ti:  lto to 55c; Nl|-U:  SSe to 11
Twico Dillj. _:S0 ud 1:10
Whist Drives!!!
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
1129 HOWE STREET       Phones: Sey. 7421,3490
   500 Score Tablets, 20c Each  	
Atlantic City, N. J.—Col. Lewis T.
Bryant of thlH city, commlflnloner of
Lalior for New Jersey, has been offered hy Gov. Pinchot the post of Commissioner of Lahor for Pennsylvania,
Bryant has bcen head of the New Jersey Labor dopnrtment since Ha or-
ganliatlon ln 1913.
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 years
been British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has bcen spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
FRIDAY February », IIM
Of Pure Wool, in Grey or Khaki
These Shirts are extra well made, and built to stand
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'   Peter Larkin Proves
Case Against Stool
< Continued from Page 1)
Four years after the 12 men had
gone to prison, Judge Ewing declared
six of them not guilty. Five of the
others had, he declared, already served
three years and nine montha too long,
as the charge should have been only
one of technical sedition arlslsg out of
opposition te the war. One man was
left in jail to save the faces of the
authorities, Peter Larkin was among
thoee released.
Davis Godlstein when faced by Larkin before his union, admitted his
guilt, but made the unique defense
that ln Australia he was a member of
the chamber of commerce, and hence
of the capitalist class, and that he had
been faithful to the class to which he
then belonged; while ln America he
was a worker and would be faithful to
his new allegiance.    In spite of this
ingenius plea, the union voted to expel him on the spot,
"I am not through," said Larkin in
a recent interview. "There is another
man I am after, who admitted on his
sworn testimony that he had been in
the pay of the New South Wales police, inside the Labor unions, for 18
months. I saw this man in Boston,
but he eluded me."
[Note by Ed.—Just, about the time
that Goldstein was to land on the
American continent, The Federationist published an article giving full
particulars aB to the activities of this
nefarious 'stool pigeon, and warning
all workers In the United States to
watch for this hireling of the ruling
class. The article was written by W.
Francis Ahern, who at that time was
special Australian correspondent to
The Fed eratlon 1st, and is now Australian correspondent $nd representative
of the Federated Press.]
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British   Columbia  Section
Holds Its First
Programme Is Laid Down
in Vancouver for
Coming: Year
The first year's activity of the
Workers Party in British Columbia,
was brought to a close on January 27
and 28, with the holding of the flrst
district convention. Starting in only
a year ago to build up a political party
that would express tho needs and aspirations of the proletariat; without
political machinery; lacking the barest facilities for organization the convention just held is an undeniable
proof that the Workers Party programme and tactics are in line with
the viewpoint of the workers and with
historical progress.
Delegates were present representing
twelve branches, with a membership
of 439; this despite mistakes and
blunders that' would have wrecked
any organization less firmly rooted ln
the soil of working class struggle.
A programme for the ensuing year
was mapped out on the basis of reports of the district organizer and the
district, executive. The unique political mentality ot a large section of the
workers In this part of the country
makes it imperative to deal with political organization and all questions relating to itr differently than ln other
provinces of Canada, Ultra-Marxism
has left a pernicious Impression that
only revolutionary Marxism can eradicate; this task will be assumed by
the W. P. in the coming year and in
future years if one year Ib not sufficient.
It Is a significant fact that at a time
when some so-called revolutionary
papers (whose "revolutionary activities" consist largely of shouting at
the Workers Party) are proposing to
either reduce their size or to Issue at
more lengthy intervals, that the convention endorsed the plans 6f the N,
A. C. for a weekly "Worker." In the
name of the membership, the convention guaranteed that the paper will
pay Us way. There is no doubt that
the official organ of the Workers
Party will ultimately become the
mouthpiece of the Canadian workers.
As a result of the convention, the
Young Workers League will branch
out ln Its activities in this district.
Looking back over the past year, the
accomplishments do not appear magnificent in comparison with results in
other lands. This is largely due to the
political inexperience of the membership, who in the past have expended
most of their energies in "studying
economics," ln acquiring a species of
knowledge that would enable them to
pose as something different from com
mon clay and that drew them away
from the active, everyday struggles of
the workers'.
This condition of things le being
rapidly overcome, and the educational programme of the Third Interna'
tional will be carried out aa far as is
humanly possible among the membership. This decision of the convention
will have a far-reaching effect on the
party work, and by the time the next
convention Is held, the machinery of
the organization will be operating efficiently with full understanding on
the part of the membership.
The convention came to a close with
the passing of a resolution that accorded recognition to the sacrifices
made by the men and women, from
Liebknecht and Luxemburg down to
all the countless, nameless heroes,
whose work in the struggles of the
working class gives encouragement In the alms* and strength to the
party's efforts, to the final goal, the
liberation of the world's workers from
the domination of a savage and merciless world capitalism.
New Miners Trials
To Be Opened
(Continued from page 1)	
Attorney Duty, in hiB remarkable
closing address to the Jury, admitted
the sti'ength-Of tho case against Wm.
J. Lester's men.
One of the chief difficulties in the
next case Will be the selection of a
jury. It required six weeks to find 12
men satisfactory to both sldos in the
first trial. If there is any resident of
Williamson who has not formed an
opinion ji bruit Herrin by this time,
his mental capacity should bar him
from Jury duty.
All lho anti-labor papors of the
country uro loud In their oditorial lamentations over tho Herrin verdict,
Tho St. Louis Post-Dispatch is upset
over the statement of President Frank
Farrington, of the Illinois Mine Work'
ors, that the verdict was a defeat for
Labor's enemies.
Chicago—"Tho leakage and wastage iu our church membership every
yoar aro appalling," declares tho report of tbe special national committee
of 25 of Methodist Episcopal church
presented to a gathering of 150 church
dignitaries here, "Losses are so unnecessarily large as to show bad methods of'church and pastoral care, lf
not criminal neglect." Domestic nnd
foreign missionary work, the college
field and all activities of the Methodists wero survoyed by the committee.
Every Hob.. Wed. and Sat. Evenings
Opp. Court Honig
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
ID \
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federationist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed Is accepted by the management.]
Unfair Music at Dances
Editor B. C. Federatlonist—Sir: IaB
a member of organized labor, would
like to draw the attention to all members of organized labor, who are in
tho habit of attending dances In Vancouver, of the many unfair dances
now running ln the city, that do not
get their musicians from the Musicians Union. I may say that the patrons who attend these dances, do not
seem to be aware of the fact that they
aro patronizing unfair dances. The
music served to the patrons at these
dances is anything but good, and, of
course, Scotch dancing seems to be
catching on In Vancouver, so therefore let us get together and refuse to
patronize dances that are unfair, and
do not employ union help.
There are various facts that do not
seem to be known regarding these unfair dances. Firstly, the charge for
admission is Just Uie same as the patrons pay at union dances. Secondly,
that most of the musicians who play
at those unfair dances, are employed
at some other job, such as insurance
agents, store clerks and factory hands,
which must tend to make many unemployed union musicians.
The unfair dances that are running
ln the city at present, consist of W.
W. Robertson's Scotch dance, held
every Saturday night at the O'Brien
Hall, on the corner of Hastings and
Homer Streets.
Mr. Anderson, who, I believe, works
in one of the large department stores,
has opened the Pender Hall, with a
Scotch dance on Saturday evenings.
There are numerous others running
occasionally, such as the Oddfellows
Hall on Main Street, and the Temple-
ton Hall, etc,
I hope that all members of organized labor will stand together and refuse to support these unfair dances in
the future.
Yours for unity,
Ancient Workors vs. Tyrants
Editor B. C. Federationist: H. Q.
Wells, In his admirable work, "The
Romance of Mother Earth," (outline
of history), now appearing in serial
form in newspapers throughout the
country, says that "the Greeks appear
in the dim light before tho dawn of
history (1500 B. C), as one of the
wandering imperfectly nomadic Aryan
peoples. ... By the seventh century B. C, the land-marks of tho ancient world of the pre-Hellenic civilization in Europe have been obliterated." Of this period of 800 years,
omitted by Mr. Wells, he says practically nothing.' WhereaB it was the
hey-day of the tyrants of ancient
times. From the days of Solomon,
and among the Greeks from the time
of Theseus (vide Granler de Cassag-
nac), Blaves had their trade unions.
In the time df Joshua (B. C. 1537-
1427), they are spoken of. There is
evidence regarding an organization
that attempted a resistance to the
overbearing nobles in the reign of
Agio I. These were Helots. The insurrection was a failure, because the
king caused their murder in great
numbers. This astounding massacre
of the Helots took place In the year
1065 B. C. Also Flavins Josephus
gives a very Interesting account of
the building of the Temple of Jerusalem in the 10th century B. C, by King
Solomon. The employer Hiram, who
was engaged by Solomon to come with
his skilled forces from Tyre, 100 miles
distant, to design and construct this
magnificent edifice, was, as lt were, a
boss or chief over a trade union,
which, through him, took one of the
largest and most imposing building
contracts known in history. Hiram
was not the founder of the ancient
fraternity of Free Masons, as many
suppose, because this order was old
when he brought to Solomon the 3200
foremen and the 40,000 artificers who
built the gorgeous temple. Again, Ly-
curgus (Oth century B. C), divided
the land in his province into 9000
lots for Spartans who wero fewest In
numbers, and 30,000 lots for the La-
conlanB who were the more numerous
tn proportion. The poor Helots or
work-people and descendants from
slaves, got nothing, although they
were nearly lour to'one In numbers.
This was heathenish socialism. Of
late years there has been a growing
Interest in ancient and modern history
of social movements, and It ls a pity
that Mr. Wells does not delve Into the
Industrial side of ancient history.
G. B.
Vancouver, B. C, Jnn. 29, 1923.
Ituvulntoko Blacklist
Editor B, C. FederationiBt—Sir: I
am blacklisted by the government's
political heelers here. Cannot got
work on tho traffic mrldgo here, contracted to Grant, Smith & McDonald
Ltd. They have farmers do carpenter
work hero, and refuso work to me—an
all round man In tho trade. I have
challenged tho minister of public
works to discuss this in tho Vancouver press, as he bid for voteB on the
last election here on his promise that
he would, if elected, seo that Revelstoke people got a flrst chance on this
work. No reply from him. Thero is
nlso Bingle men, and men from far-
off places on this job, while married
men do not get on.
This company put on a man today
who came into Canada two yenrs ngo'
on a passport as a visitor to Revelstoke, while his object was work and
to send his money to Europe.
As I have a number of children depending nn mo, I shall sooner or later
have to hit out. Mennwhile, I am
contemplating a littlo stand In the
dally press against robbing me of a
chance to obtain a living for my do
Revelstoke. B. C,
January 29, 1923.
St. Louis—With an entertainment
and danco. Local No, 159fi, carpenters
and joiners celebrated thoir fiftieth
anniversary here Jan. 18. John T.
Cosgrove. Indianapolis, first International vice-president of the union, delivered the principal address. Th
spoakor discussed the history of tho
organization, complimenting Local No.
![>9fl for Its half a century of progress.
This Is ono of tho oldest local unions
affiliated with tho international or
Elections Show Growth of
Labor Movement
Down Under
Solid Swing to Labor Shows
Labor Government Is
[By W, Francis Ahern]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Sydney, N. S. W.—As a result of the
federal general elections held throughout Australia Dec. 16 last, Labor becomes the largest party in the federal
parliament. Because of other parties
being anti-Labor, lt will not be ablo
to form a government. Labor made
notable gains both in the house of representatives and In the senate.
Prior to the elections, the strength
of parties was as follows; House—
Conservatives, 38; Labor, 22; Country.|
Party, 13; Independents, 2. Senate-
Conservatives, 34; Labor, 2.
The strength of parties as a result
of the elections (though the figures
may be slightly altered), is as follows:
House—Conservatives, 26; Labor, 30;
Country Party, 18; Independent, 1.
Senate—Conservatives, 27; Labor, 9.
The aggregate vote signifies a solid
Bwing to Labor and indicates a federal
Labor government at the next appeal
to the people, which should be soon,
owing to conflicting interests between
the Conservatives and the Country
Party, which, though they are both
opposed to Labor, cannot agree among
One of the outstanding features of
the elections was the complete annihilation of the Labor renegades who
left the Labor Party in 1916 and joined the conscriptionist conservatives.
Only W. M, Hughes, prime minister,
survives of the 20 odd renegades who
deserted Labor, and his survival is due
simply to the fact that he represents
the most conservative seat in Australia.
Nor is he altogether safe in the
ranks of his own party. Steps are
being taken to depose him from the
position of prime ministership. The
Conservatives state that as he has
done all the dirty work they require,
they have no further use for him, and
will get a true-blue Conservative as
prime minister. In this regard, Australian politics are following closely
with the politics of Great Britain.
The Labor leader, M, Charlton, is in
the hospital, having undergone a serious operation.
In the election enmpaign the Labor
Party went before the people with the
new policy of Socialization of production and distribution.
An official statement Issued by the
Labor Party said: "This means making the means of life the property of
ull instead of remaining the property
of the few. Socialization is social ownership, indispenslble in the economic
sense. N
"As Labor's quest Is an economic
regime of freedom and. security, its
objective expresses tho fundamental
principle or theory by which it is be-
llved freedom and security are to be
set up as foundations of a new social
Sacramento, Cal.—Using the assembly re-apportlonment movement as its
basis, a plan is on foot among the
legislative reactionaries to deprive
Fred MM. Roberts, California's only
Negro assemblyman, of his hard-earned seat. Roberts Is classed with the
Progressives ln the assembly.
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