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The British Columbia Federationist Jul 5, 1918

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TENTH YEAR.   No. 27
(la VsneonvWi
flttr, ta.eo )
$1.50 PER YEAR
Minority  Report Will Be
Brought Down by T.J.
Increased  Cost of Living
Makes Men's Demands
-   Necessary
Following out thoir decision mado at
the timo tho agreement waB presented
to the B. C. Electric Bailway, tho
Btreet car men came out on strike on
Tuesday morning. Tho strike was originally intended to hale heen called* on
the 1st, hut that day being Dominion
Day, and the men not wanting to deprive the people of an opportunity to
get away for the holidays, action wus
deferred until the holiday was over.
On Monday evening Mayor Galo endeavored to bring about a settlement,
and was in conference with the men
and thc representatives of tho company,
but as tho conciliation board had not
given any decision as to its findings,
his efforts were of no avail.
Had Plenty of Time
Tho position of the street railwny
mon is thnt on May 14 thoy presented
their domauds to be effective on July
1 and that the company hnd plenty of
time to consider tho matter. Mr. P.
A. Hoover, business agent and representative of the International Association
of Street Railwayman, declares that
thore was undue delay on the part of
the B. C. Electric in applying for u
conciliation board, nnd the men insisted
that, even so, thc board must hnve its
decision ready by Sunday night, at
which time the agreement with the
company terminated.
A total of 1348 Btreet railwaymen
aro affected in the threo divisions, us
follows: Vancouvor, 937; Victoria, 200,
and Now Westminster 205.
Electrical workerB affected are 282 in
Vnncouver and 35 in Victoria.
The street railwaymen asked increases from 40 conts to 51 cents per
hour on the maximum rntes, basic day
of eight hours, timo and half for overtime, recognition of thc closed shop
principle and rights for certain classifications of labor not now organizod to
come under the closed shop. In addition, tho demands are that the sliding
scule of wagos make it possible for a
man to meet the maximum rate in IS
months, starting nt 40 conts an hour
nnd reaching 51 cents an hour in that
, .period. The old rates ranged from 30
cents to 40 cents per hour, an a four-
year sliding scale, though of late men
Beldom wero put on as low a wago ns
30 cents, gencrnlly 32 to start.
Everything Tied Up
The entiro transportation syBtem of
tho B. C. E. R. Company, both on the
Mainland and Island, is completely tied
up. Not a wheel ia turning from Chilliwack to Steveston and alike at Victoria, and in this commercial metropolis the public has had to tnke advantage of auch jitney service as offered,
or, in the alternative, walk to work or
business. Many of the larger concerns,
the telephone compnny, tho dry goods
stores pad others, bring their employees
in by aid of a fleet of privato conveyances but, there being by no means
enough jitneys to go around, and the
hospitality of the drivers of private
enrs being heavily taxed by the immediate friends of the owners, thero was
> nothing for it aa far as a very large
number of people were concerned but
to foot it to town.
The Street Railwaymen and the Elec-
tricinns have appointed a joint committeo to carry on tho strike, and thc
affair is now a strike of Electricians
and Street Railwaymen, and will have
to be settled as such.
On Thuraday afternoon it wbb learned thnt tho conciliation board could not
agree, and as a result a minority report
will be submitted by T. J. Coughlin,
the men'a representative.
The following dictum announced by
tho National War Labor Board in the
U. S. on the question of street rnilwny
employees' wages, seems to fit the cnso
hore, and if tho company had taken the
same view on this question, nnd dealt
with it from the coat of living viewpoint, there would never have been a
The standards of the living wage
must be the paramount consideration
in the operation of street railways, und
in ull vlines where the adjustment of
wages through tho stnndnrds ndoptcd
by the government are ordered, thc
compnnies must comply, even if they
have to increase their fnres. This is
the dictum announced by the joint
chairmen of the National War Labor
Board, at the close of a hearing attended by thc representatives of 24 atreet
railway companies und their attorneys.
Companies directly party to the hearings are those in -bliicngo, Detroit,
Clcvoland, Schnectads, East St. Louis,
Newark, Pittsburg, Kansas City, Jop-
lin, Mo., and Portland, Ore.
Tho only grounds the men advance
for an increase is on the high coBt of
living, and the sooner the B. C. Electric Railway realizes that the men will
not stand for any reduction in their
Btandard of living thc better. If their
object in allowing the strike to come
about is to huve a legitimate excuse for
raising the fares, then that excuse has
been furniBhed to them.
Victoria Civic Employees
The conciliation board to deal with
the dispute betwen tho City of Victoria
and its employees, commenced its
sittings on Thursday. It now develops
that tho city council iB unable to ngroe
amongst themselves aB to the reductions
in the staff thnt haa been contemplated.
This matter hns been hanging fire
long enough, and the men are getting
tired of the -repeated delays.
Readers are requested to bo suro to
send in their old addl«Bs whon notifying us of a change of adrcss.
Shipping Interests Refuse to Meet
Findings of Judge Murphy on
New Agreement
Tho new wage agreement between
the International Longshoremen Association and the shipping interests has
been settled ub far as wages are concerned, but there are Btill Borne minor
pointB to be sottled. The agreement
covers tho working conditions,
whole of British Columbia. I
though thc wages havo been a_
and the scale retroactive from
paid, there is still likelihood of
trouble in connection with thc
that have not been ngreed to. O!
these is in connection with timo a
half for working on certain holii
Judge Murphy haB decided in fnvoi
the men on this point, but tho cmpll
ers refuBe to accept it. Tho LongBbo$_
men aro in a determined mood in rt *fe
gards to this and other pointB an-C^
thero will in all probability bo a walkout unless st rnightened out to their satisfaction. International Vice-President
Taylor iB expected iu the city today
(Friday) from Seattlo to aid in clearing .up the differences. Election of officers resulted in the following: Business agent, Albert Hill: president, J.
Mahon; vice-president, A, Roid; secretary-treasurer, Fred Chapman; trustees,
J. McGinn, .T. Duffy and Bert Smith.
The 'union has refused to send men to
Powell River to load ships bo long as
thc paper mill men are on Btrike,
B. C. Telephone Co. Agrees
to New Scale With Men
and Girls
owcr and Street Railway
Co. Electricians on a
Increase in Members Makes
Big Executive a
To Enter Municipal Politics
Letter Congratulating
Private Giolma
A successful and interesting meoting
was hold on Saturday laBt by the Vancouvor Branch of the Federntod Lnbor
Party. The previous meeting in April
had decided thut the- officers then elected should only hold office until July 1,
aud this rendered an election at this
time necessary.
The new officers as elected are: Preai
dent, Duvid Robb; vico-proBident, Bert
Showier; secre tary- treasurer, W. B.
Trotter. The executive committeo iB as
follows: Mrs. Charlton, Mrs. Crawford,
Mrs. Lorimor, Mrs. Houlder, Mrs. Amoa
und MesBrs, D. W. MeDougall, H. L.
Corey, F. G. Poole, Ooo. Harrison, O. L.
Chnrlton, J. E. Wilton, J. Clark, J. C.
Fleming, Chas. Cassidy.
By resolution it nub decided that
standing committees would be appointed by the executivo and thnt chairmen
of such committees and of ward organizations whoro formed would also
become members of executivo committee.
Regular meetings of the membership
nre to ho held on tho flrst Tuesdny'of
each month ut the offices, 510 Dominion
Building, until further notice, the next
meeting being on August G. No member not entitled to voto in thc province
shall be eligible to hold office.
Tho opinion which has been freely
expressed in favor of contesting civic
elections found support in the pnssing
of a ununimous resolution to that effect.
Organizer Hardy, who was some time
ago appointed upon a spart time basis
to work in tho interests of the brunch,
rendering his roport announced thut
he was retiring from that position. A
considerable number of voluntary workers nre offering their services nnd it
is felt that these efforts will meet tlio
immediate requirements.
The retiring execvtWo committee reported hnving held fourteen meetings
and the business affecting thc genernl
membership embodied in the proceedings of tho committee wns reported
upon by Secretary Trotter, who also
presented a financial report covering
the work of tho brunch from its organization.
The announcement of the result of
the combination of the rofcarned soldiers
und the Labor Party branch at Victoria
in the recent by-election wns warmly
received and n motion to send a letter
of congratulation to Pte Giolmn, the
successful cuudidUte, curried unanimously,
Conference with Vocational
Branch of Hospital
The special committee of the B. C.
Federation of Lnbor, to deal with the
returned soldier problem, Is to be reorganized, the committee being reduced
in numbers by members leaving town
and from other causes, Chairman Kelly
being absent ou business for the Cong'
shoremen, nnd not likely to bc able to
serve, he having been appointed as
president of the Pacifc District Council
of Longshoremen.
Secretary WcIIh has written to the
Central bodies in Victoria, New Westminster nnd Vnncouver, as well us to
the Motal Trndes councils, asking them
to appoint members ou the committee.
A mooting of the committee will be
held on Monday evening, nnil a conference held with Ihe representatives of
the vocntionnl training brnnch of the
Hospitals  Commissions.
!U a rouBing meeting held Sunday
afternoon in tho Labor Temple the
Electrical WorkorB decided to pull
strike on all tho utility plants Mondu;
at 12 midnight. This action was taken
after it was made clenr that the firms
would not sign the new schedules.
In the case of tho B. C. Telephone
Oompany, the scale had been agreed tu,
but the men cohceded that the time was
ripe to atand out for the closed shop*
so the men decided to forco tho issue.
On Monday Superintendent Bollsch-
weiler approached the committee and
agreed, tbat inasmuch as the men practically had a closed shop that it would
not pay tho company to create bad
feelings, so he would sign thc agreement for the closed shop. Everything
having boon settled satisfactorily to
tho men, there was lh walkout as far
ae this company waB concerned.
The company had also agreed to thc
schedule presented by Local 77A, Telephone Operators Union. It calls for
a scalo as follows: First six months,
$2 per day; second six months, $2.15;
second year $2.30; third year, $2.50;
fourth yoar, $2.75; fifth yoar, $3.00.
The hours are from oight hours for day
shifts to six hours for evening and
night shifts. Double time for overtime.
Sunday and holiday shifts not more
than five and a quarter hours at time
and a half pay. Two weeks vocation
with pay aftor ono year's Borvice.
In connection with the proposed
strike, the men hnd decided that the
Telephone Operators should not be
called out, as the newly formed union
would not bo strong enough to weather
a striko. It was conceded, howevor,
that if an opposition union had not
been in existence, that the men could
havo stood out for a closed shop for
the operators. The Electrical Workers
are jubilant over their victory, inasmuch as this city is the first ou the
continent to obtain a closed shop with
a telephone company.
The new scale calls for $7 por day
for journeymen cable splicers and six
dollara -per day for all other journeymen. Apprentices will Btart off with
$4.(55 per day of eight houra and double
time for overtime
The B. C. Electric, although asking
for an arbitration board, had agreed to
the same soalo as above, but the men
decided on a strike bocauso the company would not agree to certain working conditions and a closed shop. Now
that the men are out thoy will not
agree to a settlement unless tho street
car meu's griovanceB are settled also.
The Western Power Compnny had declined to consider tho agreement except
with an arbitration bonrd. The Elec-
tricul Workers declined to have anything to do with nn arbitration board,
hence tho walkout nt 12 midnight on
Latost reports arc thnt both sides
aro holding firm with city authorities
making strenuous efforts for n settlement.
Paper Mill Workers Strike
President MeCullum of the B. C. Federation of Labor received the following wire from W. B. Marquette, secretary of the Pulp nnd Sulphite Pnper
Mill Workers at Powell River, on Tuesday morning.
"Walked  out  this morning;  notify
all labor officials,   Letter following.
No further word hns to this time
been received, und the conclusion to
bc drawn is thnt thc men arc still on
Tho Longshoremen have refused to
go to Powell River to loud enrgo until
such time ns thoy receive word that
thc difficulty is settled.
Help Wanted
The Teamsters and Chauffeurs Union
nre desirous of locating some one thnt
will undertake to conduct two children
to San Francisco. The children are
orphans left by u lute member of the
above union, uud the transportation
compunies will not tnko them to their
destination without they ure in adult
chnrge, and anybody that mny be taking a trip to the city mentioned, and
would care for thc children would bo
reimbursed for out-of-pocket expenses.
Who Said Labor Was Scarce?
Every now and again some employer
of labor in conjunction with the daily
press, informs the world at large thai
there ia a scarcity of lnbor uround these
pnrta. A trip around the employment
offices iri town or tho Lnbor Temple will
prove otherwise. And men nre still being luid off nrotind thc shipyards und
various other plants. In Victoria, eight
ship ways are idle and plenty of skilled
Has your local union subscribed for
tho Federationist In a body!
Shipyard Laborers
Thirty-four new members were ini-
nted by the Shipyard Laborors nt n
well nttended meeting. The election of
officers took place with the following
results: President, ■!. N, Boultj vice*
preaident, J, Wilkes; flnnncial secretary, M. A. Pholnfll business ngent, W.
Lee; treasurer, Sid .lobling: trustees,
J.  Sully,  W.  Lawrence, .1.  Lockwood.
Teamsters and Chauffeurs
Eleven new members were Initiated
nt a rousing meeting of the Toatnstors
and Chauffers Union Wednesday evening. A new wage ngrcemnt hns been
endorsed and is to be presented to nil
ico companies on behalf of the cm*
playccs. Organization work is going
on in Victoria, Meetings nre being
held every Tuesdny in the K. P, Hall.
Chairman     Provincial     Legislative     Botrd,
Brotherhood of Rnilwny Trainmen, who is
representing the Street Railway Employees
in conciliation proceedings.
Endorses   the  Placing  of
Power on Unfair
Sunday's Meeting Should Be
of Unusual Interest
to Workers
Every working man in Canada has
henrd of "Jimmie" ' Simpson of
Toronto, vice-president of the Canadian
Trndes Congress, and n big bunch in
the western half of the Dominion are
ncquninted with W. D. Bayley. To get
theso two on one platform for a labor
meeting under the comfortable conditions that prevail at tho Rex should
mean tho packing of thnt building to
capacity next Sunday night nt 7.30.
Thoy aro on their way to New Zealand1 and both Simpson nnd Bayley having recently visited the old country during war times, their information of
"doings" in the labor world there
should bc up to date.
As the Trades Congress of Canada
nominee on the Technical Education
Commission, Simpson had tho privilege
of touring Europe prior to the war. Ho
should be a compendium' of juBt that information which Ib of value at the present time when lack of perspective
effectually interferes with the public
Bayley iB NOT the man who was imprisoned for making certain statements
in Toronto regarding drinking in tho
army; but he is the Bayloy who waB
prominent iu tho enquiry in Britain
which disclosed the frauds in connection
with fhe taking of th* ^prohibition overseas voto. He was the Labor candidate
at the last provincinl election in West
Winnipeg and is tho president of thi
Manitoba Labor Party.
All Organizations Urged to Call Special
Meetings   to   Decide   on
Definite Action
At a special meeting of delegates
appointed from the Trades and
Lahor Council, representing all
afflliated organisations, a recommendation was made for a general
strike and all organizations urged
to call special meetings forthwith
and that a joint committee of the
Trades and Lahor Council, Metal
Trades Council and otber organizations on strike he called for Sunday
morning at 10 o'clock.
In view of this action the executive ofi the Metal Trades Council has
decided to defer action in calling
the men out in establishments using
power which hns been declared unfair.
So ns to allow for greater produetion
for war purposes the Quebec government bus decided to permit the employment of women over 18 yenrs of nge
for night work, thus suspending the
law which forbids the employment of
fcninles for nigh* work. The Inw deals
mostly with employees of munitions
plants, und who, according to the luw,
could not be employed ou the night
stuff, lt will also npply to girls in shoo
fnctories where lnrge orders nre being
enrrtod out for tho Allies.
SUNDAY, duly 7—Moving Picture Operators, Soft Drink Dispense rs.
MONDAY, July 8—Boilermakers, Stoam Engineers, Electrical Workers, TJ. B. Carpenters
No. (117, Patternmakers, Policemen, Upholsterers, A inn Inn-
muted Engineers, Iron Workers,
Street Railway Men's Executive.
TUESDAY, July ii—Pressmen,
Barbors, Machinists No. 777,
Amalgamated Curpenters.
WEDNESDAY. July 30—Tenmsters und Chauffeurs, Motnl
Trndes Council, .street Railwny
Men, Stereo ty per Bj Ons Work
THURSDAY, July U—Shoot
Metnl Workers, Shipwrights
nnd Caulkers, Paintors, Mn-
chlnlsts N". 182.
FRIDAY. July 13— Pile Drivers
nnd Wooden Bridgobulldcrs,
Plumbers, Shlpynrd Loborors,
Mill and Fuctory Workers.
Warehousemen, Telephone Op
Forms Committee to Carry
Out the Wishes of
Vice-president Welsh officiated in the
chuir at the Central Body's meeting
lust night in the absence of President
The executive committee reported
thut they recommended tho endorsation
of the wage scale of Hotel and Restaurant Employeea. They also recommended tho endorsation of the Carpenters wuge scale.
The report was adopted.
A communication was received from
the B. C. Federation of Labor asking
for a member to bc appointed on tho
speciul committee re returned soldiers,
tho executivo reporting concurrence,
which wus adopted.
A communication was received from
H. H. Stevens, M. P., re returned soldiers and the exploitation of returned
men, in which Mr. ytcvons expluined
views on the question. The com-
municntiou wus received and tiled.
A communication was read re Thos.
Mooney and his sontence to death
from the Defence League, aBkiug that a
resolution be sent to President Wilson
asking for n new trial. A statement of
Mooney'a was also read which Bhowed
perjury on the part of witnesses and
discreditable uctiona on the part of
thoso in charge uf tho administration of
justice in California.
The communication waa read and
filed, us the council had already made
request for a new trial lo President
A communication was received from
tho Business Agents Bourd asking for
the attendance of the council's business ageut at the meetings. The request was granted.
Miss Gutteridge roported that large
numbers of women and girls were registering with thu Women's Christian
Association for fruit picking, but that
the fruit growers would not pay the
wages lixed by thc deputy minister
of lands.
A communication wus received from
the Btreet Railwaymen and Electricians
advisory board asking that the council
place the power now being served by
thc Western Canada Power Company
and the B. C. Electric Railway Company on the unfair list.
The executive recommended that a
member of each of the unions using
power meet at the close of the council
meeting and decide whut uction should
be taken by theso organizations. Del.
Kavanagh moved that the council endorse tho request.
Del. Cottrell stuted that the purpose
of the request wus to pluce the power
ou thc unfair list so thut union men
would not uso power produced while the
electricians were on strike, and stated
that the Street Railway und Electricians strike was now oue. He went into
details leading up to the strike, which
have ulreudy been reported iu The Federationist.
Del. Hubble, in reply to u question
from Del. McVety, asking if the council wub being asked to endorse a genernl striko, stuting that the placing uf
the powor on the unfair list meant
thut ufter this wus done it wus up to
the ullilinted organizations to take
uction in accordance with the council's
Del, Midgley pointed out that there
was a difference from declaring bread
unfnir tu declaring power unfuir, und
meant either n pious resolution, or thut
the unions using the power should cense
to use it, and that meant a general
strike, und that the executive hud
thought the best results would be gained if the unions affected held the meeting suggested, und discussed whut
uction should be tnken. He also stuted
thut the council hud no power to call
u genernl .strike.
Del. Winch Btated thnt nil present
were uffccteil und thut il wus up to
the council tu give cttect to the prin-
eiples whicli they hud often professed.
Del. Kavanagh stated that, the proposal of tho executive did not exclude
the endorsatlon of thO council being
given to the request, uud that by refusing to use tho power they were doing
What they could to briny pressure on
the  compunies  ulVectcd.
Del. Cottrell stuted that some of the
clerks ut the office hud refused to do
work which the men hail done prior to
tin' strike und wero to be discharged
for so doing, and thnt these men would
have to be rolnstatod before the strike
wus settled.
Del. Watts pointed out that the
street rnilwny companies all over the
continent were obstructing the street,
A delegnte from the Bnkers stated
that if the power hud been shut off
tlieir strike would bc now over.
Del. Pritchard urged the grunting of
the Street Kuilwnymons request.
Del. MeCullum stated thnt there wus
only one question und thut was is the
power fnir or -unfair nnd thc the only
thing to do wus tu endorse the letter
Bnd turn It nver to the meeting ns
.suggested Ijy the executive.
Del. Miss Gutteridgo stuted that the
executive were nil in fnvor of endorsation but desired tu put somothing into
being to carry out thut endorsation,and
tho proposal wns to give effect to it
and act instead uf passing n pious
At this stage u wire was received
Prom K. A. Aeelnnd, Dop-aty Minister
of Labor, urging thut the men return.
In work in urder to save food, nnd'
settle the strike according to law.
Del, McCallum moved thai tho execu*
tivo 'a report be adopted und the council endorse the request of the Street
Railwaymen to declare the power .infill r.
Del. MeVety stnted thut the execu-
(Continued on Pago 5.)
Plenty of Bread Being Baked In Oity
Under Strictly Union
Striking bakers are still stnnding pat
on their demnnds. Great encouragement hus been given the strikers during the paat week and extra men are
being employed out of the strikers'
rnnks by firms fair to tho union. It
is conceded that if organized labor will
center their purchases on the union
shops for n short while longer, and interest their neighbors also, that the remaining firms will soon be lined up.
Reynolds Cnmbridge Bakery at 45th
and Fraser haB signed up this week, so
it is now up to South Vancouverites
to patronize thiB firm.
A new firm known as tbo Union Bakery will be doing business in thc city
Monday. Ask your grocery for bread
made in strictly union shops and don't
bc palmed off with any other.
Alderman Bolton, a member of the
Bakers Union of Seattle, will be
in the city Friday and will help to
try and settle the difficulties.
Welsh Wins Challenge Cup
F. W. Welsh, vice-president of tho
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council,
won the silver chollenge cup given by
0. H. Macaulay, for twelve roses of distinct variety in (he amateur section of
the Rose Show held lust Saturday by
the Greater Vancouver Horticultural
War Veteran Backed by Labor and Women's Vote
Is Elected
Common Interests of Labor
and Returned Men
Are Cemented
The by-election in Victoria on Friday last resulted in tho return of F.
Giolma, a returned soldier lute a mem-
Ballot Proves Men Desire
Union and to Associate
With Labor
Their Right to Organize and
Choose Associations
Throughout the conferences held to
bring about a settlement with the police commissioners and the policemen,
os to thc formation of a union, Victor
Midgley us chief spokesman for the
men, took the stand that the men
should have the right to associate with
whom they choose, and demanded the reinstatement of the discharged men.
Tho point of contention wns removed
from the question of tbe right of the
men to organize to the one as to
whether they should be allowed to affiliate with the Tradei und Labor Council, und nt a meeting held on Wednesday morning tbo policemen, by unanimous vote, decided to retain their affiliation with that body.
Police Discharged.
While the situation was in probably
its most critical state on Tuesday, representative citizens held two meetings
with the police commissioners, the representatives of the policemen and
of the Trades and Labor Council in
Mnyor Gale's office, in a serious effort
to reach u satisfactory adjustment of
differences. At each nieeting the labor
representatives stood pat for tho right
of tho Policemen's Union to affiliate
with tbe Trados and Labor Council. A
ray of light appeared when it became
clear that the Trades and Labor Council, being merely a legislative body,
had no authority over thc policemen so
far as calling a strike is concerned. In
tho face of this, however, Chief McRae maintained his opposition, declaring that tbe affiliation of the union
with the major labor body would reduce him to the status of a figurehead.
The police commissioners undertook
further to deliberate the question in
secret.    Mayor Gale expressed regret
ber of the 29th Battulion of the C. E. F. |that 80me amicable understanding had
That the returned men ure jubilant nt not loomed in Bight at that time, and
their success at the polls goes without *«-*& the parties to bear with the com-
savin*, and that tho Federated Labor  missioners who, in the face of serious
 *   . ° .     ...   .... ...        . .   -.    I loiir...   .i;n::....i.:....   *>i i •.   .i__    ■»«._■_
Party in Victoria had something to do
with the final result is conceded.
One returned soldier engaged in canvassing the shipyard workers in Victoria stated that fally ninety per cent,
of those approached informed him that
they were voting for the nominee of thc
roturned aoldiers' organize tions, and
while thc women hnve no doubt played
n part in the olection, this outstanding
feature must Btrike all tbnt have nny
knowledge of the situation, "thut tho
returned men, uided by the lnbor element in Victoria, obtained a remarkable victury," nnd defented both of tin
oldtime   politicul parties.
After uur recent experience in tht
attempts thut huve bean mado by interested parties to bring nbout u doav-
nge between the returned soldiers ait'i
the lubor movement, thc result is gratifying, und must be taken by the pnrty
politicians as n warning that uny attempt to piny polities with the returned
men will only meet with defeat.
The grent bulk of the returned men
nro from the ranks of th" working class,
und n bond of Bympathy uud common
interests must exist between them, und
nfter thc glamor of the wnr hus worn
off, und the returned men ure not looked upon as returned heroes, nnd they
have again become working men, the
bond will be strengthened until such
time as the returned men lind thoy
must fight both on tho industrinl nud
politicul fields with their kind in the
runks of labor, in order to bring nboul
any betterment in their condition, und
that nfter the returned soldier has lost
his point of vantage he will realize that
only by culloctive uction on the pnrt of
the working clnss enn his interests bo
safeguarded and udvnncod.
The Foderntionist wishes Comrade
Giolma success in his efforts fur the
men he represents, nnd trusts that with
the nid of Jim Hawthornthwalto he
may be able to accomplish something
that will bo of renl service to the ro
turned men, und the working people
of the province.
Metal Trades to Quit Friday
Afternoon If Strike
Still On
At the Metnl Trades Council un Wed-
nosday night a communication was re-
reived from the Electricians, asking
that the Western Powor Company nnd
the B. O, Electric Compnny's power be
declared unfair.
The request was  icurrod, in uud n
notice placed In tbo daily pnpers to
lhal  effect.
The oraployors, who have a signed
ttgroomonl with the Motal Trades, were
also notified that the members of ull
organizations working in  their plants
would refuse to use power BUppllod by
these eompniliosj nfter Friday noon.
This will mean a cessation of work
in ull the shipyards, machine shops,
etc.. thut are engager! in the shipbuilding industry, us well ns the contract
BhopS engnged in privnte work, unless
the Electricians' demands nre conceded
und the strike closed.
Power is being supplied by an auxiliary stoam plant, the employees of
which arc not organized. Other power
Is being supplied through the efforts
of chief engineers and superintendents
nnd the office staff.
labor difficulties throughout tho city,
might, by hasty or ill considered action,
bring about results which would leavo
the city without a police force, a fire
brigade, or other public services essential to the life and safety of the citizens. At these meetings the men were
represented by Messrs. Victor Midgley,
A. S. Wells, W. H. Cottrell nnd IJ. McCallum. Citizens who participated included Rev. Father O'Boyle, Messrs. P.
ti. Shallcross, George Bushby, Rev. E.
Thomas, Mutt J, Bnrr, J. H. Falconer
n ml others.
Throughout   tho   entire   proceedings
Chief of Police McRae held  firmly to
thc belief that only u minority of the
force desired to organize. The fact thnt
ninety-odd men were initiatod nnd hnd
become   members  did   not   swerve   the
hief becnuse, as lu; informed thc commissioners,  he  had   reason    to   believe
that grent persuasion was   brought   to
bear upon from forty to fifty of  the
men.   In tbis positive stand the chief
was 'bucked" strongly, it being asserted thnt the majority 'did wnnt orgnnizntion und affiliation.
Placed squarely before the threatened
crisis Wednesday morning, the chief ultimately signified his willingness to put
his belief to the test, when urged to
do so by the mnyor and commissioners.
As a result three polls were provided
for. The ballots submitted to thc policemen culled for a vuto on the following issues:
"Arc yo.i iu fnvor of a Pol ice mens
"Are yuu in fnvor of affiliating this
union with the Trnde* nnd Lubor Cnnn-
Tho result of the bullot is us follows:
Quostion No. 1.   Are you in fnvor of
forming n l'oliremcns union)
Voting in fnvor 100, against 1". spoilt
ballots il.
Question No. '2. If so, are you iu
favor  of hnving snid   union affiliated
with the Trndes I Labor Council!
Voting in fnvor 1)2. ftgninsi 35, ipotll
ballots 0.
The result of tlio ballot removes nny
doubfs thnt mny have existed ai to tho
desire of the men to remain in affiliation with the Trades Council, nnd
prove.1: thai Chief McRoc did not gauge
the situation rightly.
The final conference wu held on
Thursday afternoon ,nt the closo »f
which the men who were dischnrged
were ordered reinsLfttrd by the police*
commissioners ond the policemen have-
after long waiting established their
right to organize and to associate with
whom they will.
Grent credit is due Business Agent
Midgley for the uble manner in which
ho handled a delicate situation, nnd
finally brought about a settlement, and
due credit must be given Mnyor Gale
nnd the commissioners, for the broad-
mindedness displayed In dealing with u
somewhat novel and new situation, arising out uf new conditions, that have
been the rnusr of a general desire to
organize not only bv policemen, but by
all  workers the world over.
Machinists' Picnic
Under auspices of the Ladies'
Auxiliary, wliich was to have
been held on Saturday, July U,
nt Mahon I'urk, hns been
until further notice, owing to
lack of transportation due to the
atroot cnr strike. PAGE TWO
FBIDAY.   July 5, 1918 ,
Clark's Pork tuul Bonus,
3 for  25c
Snrdhios, 3 for  25c
Seeded Raisins, 3 for  25c
Clark's Potted .Meat 3 for 25c
Toast Cakes, 5 for   26c
Not a Seed Kaisins, 2 for.. 25c
Custard Powder, 2 for  25c
Finest Compound l.ard, rog.
35c Hi. Saturday only, 2
_8. for  50c
Seeded Kaisins, 16-0**. pkg.;
2 for   25C
Libby's Olives. 3 bottles.. 30c
Slater's Red  Label Tea;
rog. 45c It*, for por lb. 40c
Criseo, per  tin   35C
St. Charles Milk, largo cans
2 for  25c
Salmon, largo cans   16c
Wild   Rose   Flour,   ia   10-
lb. sacks   60c
In 5-lb. sacks   35c
123 Hastings Street East, Phone Seymour 3262
830 Granville Street, Phone Seymour 866
3260 Main Street, Phone Fairmont 1683
British Labor Comes Forward
July Clearance
Sale Starts Saturday
Everything Reduced
"The Store That's Always Busy"
Union Made—Best quality at $1.75, $2.00 and $2.50
SHIRTS—Strong material and make, from $1.25 up
GLOVES from 50c to $2.50
SUMMER UNDERWEAR from $1.00 per suit up
Tel. Sey. 702
309 to 315 HASTINOS ST. W.
Dependable quality, reasonable price
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co.
Table Appliances
So handy for the hot weather, an Electric
grillstove or coffee percolator is just what you
No need for working over a hot stove in a
stuffy kitchen—just attach the appliance to
any light socket and it does its work right on
the dining table if necessary.
Wc will bo glad to show you our stock of these handy
devices at oui* showrooms.
Phone Seymour 5000
Oarrall and Hastings
1138 Granville
Programme of Reconstruction
The general idea in the minds of thc public at large, is that after
the war, everything will be changed, but the idea as to what the
changes will bc, and as to how they will be carried out are very'
We hear on every hand of men, in littlo thought of places,
stating that society must be reconstructed, thc idea not being con-
lined to members of the working class, but is voiced -by members
of the capitalistic class, dignitaries of thc church, and hy men in all
walks of life, who unconsciously or consciously, recognize the breakdown of our present so-called civilization, or form of socioty.
Labor, however, is the only element in society that has, or can
bring forth any .solution of the situation. Labor alone can, as it
has constructed the present civilization, construct, any new order,
and recognizing this, it is our intention to publish Ihe programme of
the British Labor party, which shows at least that labor has some
ideas that aro not vague, and visionary, and although they may from
lime to timo be modified, the underlying principle will remain, that
principle boing the abolition of the wage systom.
IT BEHOOVES tho labor party, in formiilatiag its own programme for ro*
eoiiHtruotlon aftor tbo wnr, and in criticizing tlie varloua preparations und
plans tlmt,ure being made by the present government, t» look ut the problem as a whole. Wo have to make clear what it is thnt we wish to construct.
Tt is important to emphasize thc fact that, whatever may be thc cuse with regard to other political parties, our detailed practical proposals proceed from
dellnitely held principles.
The End of a Civilization
Wo have need to bewnre of patchwork. Tho view ot tin* Labor Tarty is
that what has to be reconstructed after the war is uot Ihis or that government
department, or this or that piece of socinl machinery; lut, so fnr ns Bftlnin
is concerned, socioty itself. The individual worXcr, or, for that matter, the
individual statesman, Immersed in dnily routine—like the individual soldier in
a battle—easily fails to understand the magnitude of what is taking place
uround him. How doos it (It together as a wholo? How does it look from u
distance? Count Okuma, one of tho oldest, most experienced and ablost of thc
statesmen of Japan, watching the present conflict from the other side of the
globe, declares it to bo nothing loss than tho death of European civilization.
Just us in tho past tho civilization of Bubylon, Egypt, Greece, Carthago and
tho great Roman empiro hnvo been successively destroyed, so, iu the judgment
of this detached observer, tho civilization of all Europe is even now rcc*niv|ing
its deuth blow. We of tho Labor Party can so far agree in this estimate us to
recognize, in tho present world catastrophe, if not tho death, in Europe, of
civilization itself, at any rnte tho culmination and collapse of a distinctive industrial civilization which the workers will not seek to reconstruct. At such
timo of crisis it is easier to slip into ruin than to progress into highor forms of
orgnnization. That is the problem us it presents itself to the Labor Party today.
What this war is consuming is not merely the security, tlio homes, the livelihood, and tho livos of millions of innocent faniilics, and an enormous proportion of nil the accumulated wealth of tho world, but also the very bnsis of
lho peculiar social ordor ju which it has arisen. The individualist system of
capitalist production, bused on the privnto ownershp and competitive administration of land and capital, with its reckless *'profiteering" and wnge sluvory;
with its glorification of the unhampered struggle for tho means of lifo and its
hypocriticnl pretense of the "survival of thc fittest",* with the monstrous inequality of circumstances which il produces and lho degradation and brutnliza-
tion, both moral and spiritunl, resulting therefrom, may, wc hope, indeed have
received u death blow. With it must go tho politicul system and idous in
which it naturally found expression. Wc of the Labor Pnrty, whether in opposition or in duo time arc called upon to form an administration, will certninly
lend no hand to its revival. On tho contrary, we shall do our utmost to see
Hint it is buried with thc millions whom it hns done to death. If we in Brituin
an* to escape from tho decay of civilization, itself, which the Japanese statesman foresees, we must insure that what is presently to bc built up is a new
social ordor, based not on lighting, but on fraternity—not on tho competitive
struggle for the mcuns of bare lifo, but on a deliberately planned co-operation
in production nnd distribution for tho bonefit of nil who participate by hand
or by brain—not on the utmost possiblo inequality of richos, but on u systematic approach toward a healthy equality of matorial circumstances for every
person born into tho world—not nn enforced dominion ovor nations, subject
races, subject colonies, subject clnsses or a subject sex, but, in industry ns well
us in govornment, on thnt equal freedom, thut genoral consciousness of consent, nnd thnt widest possiblo participation in power, both economic nnd political, which is characteristic of nomocracy. Wc do not, of course, pretend that
it is possible, even after tho drastic clearing away that is now going on, to
build society anew in a yenr or two of feverish "reconstruction." Whnt the
Labor tarty intends to satisfy itsolf nbout is that each brick that it helps to
lay shall go to erect thc structure that it intends, and no other.
The Pillars of the House t
We need not hero recapitulate, ono by onc, the different itoms in tho lubor
party's programme, which successivo pnrty conferences havo adopted. Those
proposals, some of them in various publications worked out in practical dotail,
ure often carelessly derided ns Impracticable, evon by the politicians who stcnl
thom pieccmcnl from us! The members of tho Labor Pnrty, themselves actually
working by hand or by brain, in closo contact with tho facts, hnvo porhaps n't
all times n more accurate appreciation of what is practicable, in industry ns in
politics, thnn thoso who depend solely on academic instruction or nro'biased
by great possessions. But today no man dares to sny thnt. nnything is impracticable. Tho war, wliich has scared the old political parties right out of thoir
dogmas, has taught every statesman nnd every governmont ofliciul, to his enduring surprise, how very much more cun bo dono along the lines that wo have laid
down than he hnd ever before thought possible. What we now promulgate
us our policy, whether for opposition or for offlee, is not merely this or thnt
specific reform, but n deliberately thought-out, systematic and comprehensive
plnn for that immediate socinl rebuilding which inv ministry, whether or not
it desires to grapple with the problem, will bo driven to undertake. Tho four
pillars of the ,„„so that wc propose to erect, resting upon tho common foun-
ilation of the democratic control of society in all its activity, may bc termed,
n. Tho universal enforcement of tlio national minimum.
b. The democratic control of industry.
c. The revolution in national finance; and'
d. Tho surplus wealth for tho common good.
Thc vnrious detailed proposals of tho Labor Party, herein briefly summarized, rest on those four pillars, aud can best bo appreciated in connection
with thom.
The Universal Enforcement of a Na-^shops acts, with the extension to all
tlonal Minimum
The first principle of the Labor party
—in significant contrast with thoso of
tho capitalist system, whether expressed
by the Liberal or by the Conservative
Pnrty—is the securing to evory member
of the community, in good times aud
bad alike (ami not only to tho strong
and able, tho well born or the fortu-
nato), of all the requisites of healthy
lifo and worthy citizenship. This is in
no sensu a "class" proposal. Such an
nmount of social protection of the individual, however poor ami lowly, from
birth to death, is, as thc •oconomlsl
knows, as Indispensable to fruitful cooperation as it is tn saccossful combination) and it affords the only completo
safegunrd against that Insidious degradation of the standard of life, which is
(ho worst, economic nnil social onlatnity
ht which any community can he subjected. Wo nre membors one of another. No man llvoth lo himself alone.
Tf any, even the humblest, is mndo to
suffer, Ihe whole community und ovory
ono of us, whether or mil wo rocognlzo
tho fact, is thereby Injured. Gonora-
lion after gonoration this has boon the
cornerstone of tlie faith of labor. It
will be the guiding principle of any
labor government.
The Legislative Regulation of
employed porsons, is long overdue, and
it will be the policy of labor greatly
to strengthen tho staff of inspectors,
especially by the addition of more mon
and womon of actual experience of the
workshop and the mine, thc coal
mines (minimum wage) act must certainly be maintained in force, and suitably amended, so as both to insure
greator uniformtiy of conditions among
the several districts and to mako the
district minimum in all ensos an effective reality. The same policy will, in
the interests of tho agricultural laborers, dictate the perpetuation of tho
logal wage cliiiists of tho new corn law
I juat passed for a term of fivo years,
and the prompt amendment of any do-
I foots flint mny he revealed in their
working, Ami. in view of the fact
that many millions of wage-earners,
notably women and the loss skilled
workmen in various occupations, are
unnblo by combination tn obtain wages
adequate for dcconl    maintenance   in
! health, the Ubor Party intends to see
; toil that the trade boards aet is suitably amended and made to apply to
nil industrial employments in whieh nny
considerably number of those employed
obtain loss than 30 shillings por week
(which will need revision according to
tho level of prices) ought to bo tho vory
1 lowest statutory base line for the least
skilled adult wnrkers, men or women,
Thus it is that the Labor Pnrty to-, in nny occupation, in all parts of tho
day stunds fer tho universal applica-1 Tr,,i,od Kingdom,
tion of the policy nf the national mini-1 Ttoe Organization of Demobilization
mum, to which fas embodied In tho sjo- ■ But the coming industrial dislocation,
cossivo elaboration of the factory, j which will inevitably follow the disomies, railways, shops, merchant ship- j chnrge from war service of all tho
ping and truck acts, the public, health, working population, imposes new obli-
houslng, and education acts nnd tho gations upon the community. Tho do-
minimum wage act—all of thom aiming mobilization and discharge of the
at the enforcement of at least the pro- 8,000,000 wage-earners now being paid
scribed minimum nf leisure, health, odu-' from the public funds, either for ser-
catlon and subsistence) the spokesmen vice with the colors or in munition
nf labor have already gained the sup- j work or other war trades, will bring
port of the enlightened statesmen and to the whole wnge-onrning clnss grave
economists of the world. All these laws'peril of unemployment, reduction of
purporting to protect against extreme | wages and a lasting degradation of the
   " standard of life, which cnn be prevented only by dolibOPttto nntionnl organization. The Labor Party has repeatedly
culled upon the present governmont to
formulate its plan, and to make in advance nil arrangements necessary for
coping with so unparalleled a dislocation. The policy to wliich the Labor
Party commits itself is unhesitating
and uncompromising. It is plain that
regard should bo had, in stopping government ordors, reducing the staff of
degradation of the standard of lifo
need considerable improvement and extension, whilst their administration
leaves much to lie* desired, Tor instance, the workmen's compensation
act fails, shamefully, not merely to securo proper provision for till tho victims of accidont and industrial disease,
bat what is much more important, does
not succeed in preventing their continual incrense. Tho amendment and consolidation of the factories  and work-
ithe national factories and demobilizing
the army, to the actual state of employment in particular industries and
in different districts, so as both to release first the kinds of labor most
urgently required for tho revival of
peace production and to prevent any
congestion of the market. It is no
less imperative that suitable provision
against boing turned suddenly adrift
without resources should be made, not
only for tho soldiors, but also for tho
3,000,000 operatives in munition work
and other war trades, who will bo discharged long before most of tho army
can bo disbanded. On this important
point, which is the most urgent of all,
Ihe present govornment hns, wo believe,
down to the prosent hour, formulated
no plan, and como to no decision, and
neither the Liberal nor the Conservative Party has apparently deemed tho
matter worthy of agitation. Any governmont which should allow thc dischnrged soldior or munition worker to
fall into the clutches of charity or the
poor law would have to bc instantly
driven from offico by an outburst of
popular indignation. What evory one
of them who is not wholly disabled
will look for is a situationin accordance
with his capacity.
Securing Employment for All
The Labor Party insists—as no othor
political party has thought fit to do-
that the obligation to find suitable omploymont in producivo work for all
those men and womon rests upon tho
govornment for tho timo being. The
work of resettling tho disbanded soldiers and discharged munition workers
into new situations is a nntional obligation, and the Labor Party emphatically protests against it being regarded ns
a mattor for private charity. It strongly objects to this public duty boing
handed over either to committees of
philanthropists or beneVolont societies,
or to any of tho military or recruiting
authorities. The policy of tho Labor
Party ia this mattor is to mako the utmost uso of thc trado anions, and,
equally for the brain workerB, of tho
various professional associations. In
view of the fact thnt, in nny trade,
tho best organization for placing men
in situations Ib a national trado union
hnving locnl branches throughout tho
kingdom, evory soldior should be allowed, if ho chooses, to hnvo a duplicate of
his industrinl discharge notice sent, one
month before the dnte fixed for his discharge, to tho socretary of the trado
union to whieh he belongs or wishoB to
belong. Apart from this uso of tho
trado union (and a corresponding ubo
of tho professional association) the government must, of course, avail itself of
somo such public mnchinery ns thnt of
the employment exchanges; but before
the existing exchnngos (which will need
to bo greatly extended) cnn recoivo tho
co-operation nnd support of tho orgnnized labor movemont, without which the
operations ean nover bo fully successful, it is imperative thnt they should
be drastically reformed, on tho lines
laid down in the demobilization roport
of tho "labor after tho war" joint
committoe; and, in particular, that oach
exchango should be placed effectually
under tho supervision nnd control of
a joint committoe of employors and
trade unionists in equnl numbers.
Tho responsibility of the government,
for the time being, in the grnvo industrial crisis that demobilization will
produce, goes, however, far beyond tho
8,000,000 men nnd women whom the
vnrious departments will suddenly discharge from their own service. Tho effoct of this peremptory discharge on
all the other workors has also to be
taken into account. To the Lnbor Party
it will scorn tho supreme concorn of tha
govornment of tho dny to seo to it
that thero shall bo, as a result of tho
gigantic, "general post" which it will
itself have deliberately set going, nowhere nny degradation of the standard
of lifo. The government hns pledged itself to restore the tnrde union conditions nnd "pro-war practices" of tho
workshop, which the, trade unions patriotically gave up nt tho direct request of
the government itself; nnd this solemn
pledge must be fulfilled, of course, in
the spirit ns well as in the lotter. The
Labor Party, moreover, holds it to be
the duty of the governmont of tho dny
to tako all necessary steps to prevent
tho standard rate of wagos, in nny
trado or occupation whatsoever, from
suffering any reduction, relatively to
the contemporary cost of living. Unfortunately, the present governmont,
Hko the Liberal and Conservative Parties, so far refuses to speak on this important matter with any clear voice. We
claim that it should be a cardinnl point
of government policy to make it plain
to overy capitalist employer thnt nny
attempt to reduce the customary rates
of wagos whoa peace comes, or to tnke
advantage of the dislocation of demobilization to worsen the condition of employment in nny grade whatsoever, will
certainly load to embittered industrial
strife, which will be in tho highest, degree detrimental to the nntional interests; and that the government of the
day will not hesitnte to take all necessary steps to avert such a calamity. In
the great impending crisis the governmont of the duy should not only, as
the greatest employer of both brain
workers nnd manual workers, set n good
example in this respect, but should also
actively seek to influence private employers by proclaiming in ndvance that
it will not itself nttempt to lower the
standard rntes of conditions in public
omploymbntj by announcing thut it will
insist on the most vigorous observance
of the fnir-wages clause in nil public
contracts; and by explicitly recommending every local authority to adopt the
same p-olicy.
Bat nothing is more dangerous to the
standard of life, or so destructive of
those minimum conditions of healthy
existence, which must in the interests
of the community be nssured to every
worker, than nny widespread or continued unemployment. It has always
boen n fundamental principle of the
Labor Party (a point on which, signili-
cantly enough, it has not beon followed
by either of tho other political parties)
thnt, in a modern industrial community,
it ia one of tho most foremost obligations of the government to find, for
overy willing worker, whether by hnnd
or by brnin, productive work at standard ratos,
(To bo continued next week)
In the Carpenter's Shop
'' Ufo 's  a   hard   grind,''   said   tho
"It's a perfect bore," returned tho
"It means nothing but hnrd knocks
for me," sighed the nail.
"You haven't so much to go through
as I havo," said the saw.
"I can barely scrape along," complained thc plane.
'' And    I in   constantly   being   sot
upon," added the bench.
"Lot's Btrike," said, the hammer.
"Gut it out!" cried tho chisel, "hore
comes the boss."—Boston Transcript.
Industrial and Political Organization Going on
The Twin Cities at tho head of tho
lakes have suddenly becomo beehives of
industry as a result of tho. shipyards
and car works being furnished with contracts. Skilled labor is moro or loss
scarce, whilo tho wages as per usual will
not satisfactorily do tho required work
with tho over-increasing cost of living
hounding tho lives out of the workers.
Tho result is that organization has boen
for several months going merrily on—
success of a most encouraging nature
favoring tho organizes on overy hand.
Tho carpenters have mado immense
strides under the capable organization
work of Goorge Barlow, for the Amalgamated, nnd Georgo Armstrong for tho
Brothorhood. With a combined membership for both locals of about 20 last
August, tho membership has now reached the high water mark of over 400, and
is still growing. Practically 00 por cent,
of the carponters of all branches of tho
trudge in the Twin Cities nre organized.
Bob Armstrong, business agent of the
painters in Winnipeg, haB been successful in bringing about a strong organizntion of the paintors and decorators.
Boilermakers and Shipbuilders
R. C. McCutchoon, vice-president of
tho Boilermakers Union, in addition to
completing the organization for his own
union, which now has n-membership of
upwards of 500, has also been instrumental in organizing tho following:
Metal Workors, Shipyard Laborers,
Twin City Freight Handlers, Port Arthur Telephono Girls, Shipyard Electrical Workers, Blacksmiths, Building
Trades Labbrera, ob Veil as assisted organizers with tho orgnnizntion of tho
Painters, Blacksmiths and Carmen. And
the ond is not yot.
Labor Party Launched
Goorge Barlow, organizer for tho
Amalgamated Carpenters, nnd socretary
of tho Winnipeg Labor Pnrty, has been
successful in organizing a big branch
of tho Canadian Lnbor Party. Officers
hnvo boon elected, and a vigorous campaign is to bo mnde for tho organization
and education along political lines of
thoso who porform the only useful work
in society. The officers aro as follows:
Prosidont, A. M. Dennis; vice-president,
Steve Granger; secretary, Tom Moore;
treasurer, Wm. Lindsay.
Women's Lahor League
Several months ago a number of the
leading labor women in Fort William
launched a womon's organization to co-
operato in the Labor movement of this
city, and adopted tho name Women's
Trades and Labor Auxiliary. This organization has performed valuable service by way of contributions of handsome sums of money for paying off the
I. L. P. doficit from December election
campaign, which monoy wns raised from
dances, whist drives, etc. But at tho
meoting held Thursday, Juno 13, a radical change ontorcd tho organizntion. The
namo was changed to tho Women's
Labor League, and a thorough labor
platform and constitution of a similar
organization in Winniueg, is in course
of preparation,
This action was largely the result of
a favorable visit to the city of Mrs.
Helen Armstrong, president of the Winnipeg Women's Labor Loaguo. At a
rousing publie moeting sho reviewed the
work of the Winnipeg league. It had
organized the house maids nnd store
clerks, thereby bringing* to this class of
lnbor moro wnges and bettor conditions.
Sho nlso gavo a review of tho recent,
now historical, labor striko in Winnipeg.
It is certainly no exaggeration to say
that the thrilling and inspiring information so nbly presented by Mrs. Armstrong inspired confidence in the minds
of many people of the great possibility
there is here to aid female labor
through trade union organization.
The Telephone in Vacation Time
Vacation time often moans that
families nre separated, some members going to seaside rcsortB or to
holiday plncos. Separation, howover, docs not mean being out of
touch with each other. Tho telephone ia thon the convenient communication—inexpensive, with no
loss of time.
Remember, too, that between 7
p.m. and 8 a.m. you can telephone
for throo times the day period for
tho same charge.
B. 0. Telephone Company, Ltd.
Should be in the home of
every man-
—Pbone Fairmont 2624—
J. PuUam.nt        ' O. Turcot!
Pocket Billiard
(Bruuwlflk-Bilke Collender Oo.)
—Headaaar.*.**. for Unloa Moo—
union-mad*   Tobaccos,   Cigars   ud
Only Whito Help Employed
42 Hastings St. East
The Last of
the Poplin at
This Price
THIS is the most excellent grade of silk
poplin manufactured.
That we have kept-thjs
low price on it after the
regular retail price had
advanced to $1.75 a
yard is due to the fact
that we had purchased
contracts which gave us
the advantage of the
old price. Nigger, Wine,
Navy, Russian, Copenhagen, Rose, Pink, Pearl
Battleship, Reseda, Tan.
Worth today $1.75. Our
price, per yard $1.45
Saba Bros.
~hc Silk Specialists
Tools Worthy
of the Workman
You '11 find them horo—the
choicest product of tho most dependable manufacturers in tho
Tools for tho carpenter, tho engineer, the shipwright, the artizan
in all tho skilled crafts and
trados whero reliable tools aro a
primary requisite.
If your "kit" is lacking something essential just now—some
tool that is indispensable in your
work, come in and lot us make
matters right for you.
You'll find our tool expert
quick to interpret your needs,
und our stock so comprehensive
that you cannot fail to secure the
exact article you want.
Seo our line of "Hlaqnit"
Caulking Mallets, at $10.00 cacti.
J. A. Flett, Ltd.
Tools for All Trades
S. T. Wallace's
Sey. 784 and 1266
 __^__ •
I carry a full line of
Groceries and Provisions at money saving
prices, also fresh meats.
Six bars of Royal
Crown Soap for... 25c
1 lb. Baked Beans... 10c
Six Salt Sacks - 25c
20 oz. Maple Leaf
Cream, at lie
Quaker Oats carton 28c
Fresh Eggs, dozen... 55c
Tomato Cafsup, lar. 28c
Royal Crown Wash
Powder at 24c
Mail  orders promptly
Canada Food Board Ltceuso No. 8*1835
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furniture Co. Ltd.
41 Hutlngi BtrMt Wirt
Printers to The Fednatlonlit
Tk*  Federatlonist  Ib  produced  from
MT aodara Mwiptper printing  plant.
TENTH YEAR.   No. 27
THE teetli are a continual source of discomfort and
pain, when not attended to, and eventually
Missing Teeth Undermine
the Health
DR. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth
that in many instances will do thc work as well and
look better than your original teeth.
Dr. Lowe'8 prices, value considered,
are reasonable.
DR. LOWE, Dentist
108 Hastings St. W., Oor. Abbott.     Phone Sey. 5444
(Opposite Woodward's Big Store)
Penslar Goods
and have just received a carload of same, the
largest shipment ever made in Canada.
Formula on every package.
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
405 Hastings Street West    Phones Sey. 1966 and 1966
7 Hastings Btreet West
782 OranviUe Street
2714 OranviUe Street
412 Main Btreet
1700 Commercial Drive
Beymour 3632
Seymonr 7013
Bey. 2314 and 1744-0
Seymour 2032
High. 236 and 1733-0
Mall Order Department for out-of-town customers.   Same prices and
aervice as over our counter.   Address 407 Hastings Btreet WeBt.
Our good Union-made Shoes are the most
profitable shoes to buy. They cost you
no more at the start, and they will always
prove to bc far cheaper at the finish.
We're a Union Shoe Store, and
wc Bolicit you trnde, Mr. Union
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Union Store
! Granville Street Seymour 5715
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East, Bey. 988*672 — 728 Oranvllle Street, Sey. 9513
WE HAVE placed in stock this week 200 suits
for young men, 2-piece, yoke lined, at $20.00,
$22.50 and $25.00.  These are something out
of the ordinary and range from size 34 to 40.
We have the largest and best assorted line of
'"SPORT" Shirts in the city, $1.25, $1.50 and $2 each.
We have complete stock of standard makes of
Summer Underwear, and are selling it at last year's
We can save you from $2.00 to $4.00 on Boys'
Suits, and our stock is large and complete.
117 Hastings St. East
Favor Six-Hour Day, Collective Ownership, and
One Big Union
Opposes Economic Warfare
and Wants Allies to Make
War Aims Public
Ayr, Scotland—The twenty-first annual congress of thc Scottish Trade
Unions was held at Ayr,' Councillor
Hugh Lyon, Glasgow, chairman of the
parliumentary committee, presiding
over un attend an to of 206 delegates, representing 500,000 trade uuionisls. The
outstanding feature of the four days'
discussions wus the resolutions regarding peace und war. Upon this subject
the keenest debutes took place, nnd ut
times they reached a very high level.
From thc lirst day of the congress, considerable excitement prevailed, when it
became known that thc National Sailors
and Fireinens Union lftul sent 20 dcle-
gutes, among whom were some of their
more prominent officials.
Want War Alms Stated
The most important of the resolutions
dealing with poaco was that which was
down in the name of the Glasgow
Trudes Council. This resolution called
upon tho British government to muke a
declaration of war aims,-based on the
four fundamental points enunciated by
President Wilson in his speech to Congress on Fobruary 11, and further called
upon tlie government to cancel all treaties having for their object territorial
aggrandizement and economic wnrfnre.
The next in importance was that in the
nnme of tho National Sailors and Firc-
mens Union, condemning tho murder of
morchnnt seamen by Germnn U-boat
warfare, urging tho boycott of Germans
for a period of five years after the war
and tho full use of evory oconomic weapon against German trade.
Debate on Resolution
Thc main debate took place on tho
Glasgow Trades Council resolution, and
an amendment by tho sailors and flre-
mea nsking for tho omission of tho
words "and economic warfare." Those
supporting tho resolution urged that tho
time had arrived when Great Britain
and her Allies, particularly France and
Italy, should make a clear and plain
statement of war aims. This was tho
more urgent in viow of tho publication
of secret treaties tWt ran counter to all
Democratic ideals and wero abhorrent
to the Labor movement, besides boing
in contradiction to the declarations of
British stntesmou at the outbreak of
war. It was held that for the attai
ment of an early peace it was essential
that every political means should bc
used to convince the people of tho Central Powers of the purity of thc Allied
aims, otherwise fear of luvnsion of na
tional integrity and a policy of econo
mic warfare nfter tho declaration of
peace would stiffen their attitudo
support of their autocrntic rulers und
servo but to prolong the war until both
sides were exhausted.
Workers International Surprised
Robert Smillie, president of tho British Federation of Miners, took part in
the debate in support of the resolution
an.il in the courso of a powerful speech,
took the opportunity, speaking ns president of tho Internntionnl Miners Federation, of saying that tho American fra-
ternul delegate, Mr. Frey, wns mistaken
iu his version of the attitude of the
German trade unions to war. The international Labor movement, he declared,
was unanimously in fnvor of a down
tools policy against thc outbreak of war.
It was true to sny that tlie Germnns refused to vote on resolutions in fnvor of
such a policy, but that was because Germnn law would have immediately declared the unions to be politicnl organize inns and would havo suppressed
thom. Their position was perfectly well
understood in the international movement, but after all tlie working class of
uny one euuntry could not stop war,
and Ihe workers of their own nnd other
countries did not or were not in th'
position to give the necessnry support to
ihe international., If' there hnd been
any failure it could not be laid nt the
door of uny one nation. The truth wus
lhat the Workers Internntionnl wns
tnken by surprise and in nny cuse hnd
nol sutlii'ient powers to meet the difli
culty when it arose.
Oppose Economic Warfare
The speukers in opposition to the re
solution were all delegates nf the Snil
ors and Fireinens Union, and their cnso
rested largely on the crimes of tlio C
man U-boats. It was sifinillcant that
not a single speaker opposed the wur
nims us luid down by President Wilson,
The debato was conducted iu an ntmos-
phere of tense feeling, but the delegntcs
nnd spenkors exercised a wonderful n
straint and paid a cordial tribute to the
eloquence of at least one of the sailors'
delegates, The peace resolution was ul*
timately carried by 108 votes to 35 for
the amendment.
Tho debate on the sailors and fin
men's resolution denouncing Ihe crimes
of the Germnn U-boats lacked the inter
est ot first nnticipntcd, Inrgely because
the ground had been partly covered by
thc previous discussion. The sailors,
however, stnted their' cast! ably nnd
fully, but ultimately un amendment by
the Glasgow Trades Council wus cnr*
ried which, whilo condemning Gorman
U-boat warfare, omitted nl! the clnui
in the sailors nnd firemen's resolution
calling for a boycott of the Germnn
and u warfare of tariffs. A resolution
ia favor of peaco by negotiation wns
ulso curried, as was one denouncing thr
harsh treatment of conscientious objectors.
Favor Six-hour Day
Perliups the most importnnt discission, however, after the pence resolution
wns that on the shorter working dny.
For muny years labor has passed such
resolutions apparently as pious aspirn
tions, but it is now becoming evident
thnt it is getting   down   to   business.
(Ih VanewfuA
Oity. $2.00  /
$1.50 PER YEAR
President—Gordon J, Kelly,
Secretary—W. R. Trotter, Ltbor
Temple, Vancouver.
Treasurer—Miss Helen* Gutteridgo, Labor Temple, Vancouver,
Vice-presidents — Victoria, J.
Dakers; Vancouver Island, T.
Westwoll, Smith Wellington; Vancouver, E. T. Kingsley, R. H. Neelands; New Westminster, W.
Yates; Prince Rupert, Geo. B.
Casey; West Kootenay (north),
H. KenipBter, Rovelstoke; West
Kootenay (south), F. I'ezerll), Nelson; Crows Nost Pass, H. Beard,
Michel; Boundary, Jas. Roberts,
Coltern; Slmllkameen, W. Smith,
PARTY Is organized for the purpose of securing industrial legislation, and for the collective ownership and democratic operation of
tho innnns of wealth production..
The membership fee Ib fixed at
$1 per year, 60 cents of which
goes to tho central committee for
tho purposo of defraying expenses
of general organisation work.
The membership roll is opon in
each electoral district and all persons aro Invited to sign who are
willing to and endorse the objects
of the organization.
Apply to tho vice-president of
your district for further Information.
Organized Labor Has Big Growth in
Membership—Many Women
Are Organized
The statistics has just announced particulars respecting tho membership of
trade unions of England, at the end of
1!)17. The total membership of thc
1115 unions known to the department
wns 4,399,690, an increase of 6.2 per
cent, on the previous year, and the highest figure yet recorded. The increase in
male members was 127,555, ond in female mebcrs 130,352. The increase was
greatest in engineering, "general labor," and-the railway servico groups,
Tho lattor stood at 424,528 nt the end
of 1916. At the end of 1917 the N. U.
R. alone had over 400,000 members,
No fewor than six resolutions were on
the agenda, but the discussion resolved
itself into a contest between those advocating an eight-hour and those declaring for a Bix-hour day. It was
argued that the eight-hour day did not
givo tho workingman nn adequate
amount of leisure and adeqaute leisure
was an indispensable condition of progressive civilization. The advocates of
the Bix-hour day had powerful assistance from the recent speches of Lord
Lcvorhulme, in which he claimed that
six hours per day would not only provide the worker with moro leisure, out
would also form the idoal working day
from the standpoint of production. Tin
six-hour day was carried by a majority
The parliamentary committee was em
powered to inaugurate a campaign
favor of thc shorter working day and
to co-ordinate the offorts of organized
labor in this direction, with a view to
early action.
Collective Ownership
The usual resolution calling for thi
national or collective ownership of tir
means and instruments of production
wns carried unanimously without do
bate, but it is important to notice that
in all demands on tho part of labor for
state ownership, it is also insisted "that,
all nationalization of industry and
commerce to be satisfactory and to
moot the legitimate aspirations of the
working class, must provido for their
effective control by thc industrial organizations concerned.
The major portion of the remaining
resolutions dealt with amendments to
various acts of parliament affecting industrial affairs, sin.h ns the factory
acts, the trudes boards acts for the prevention of sweating, the insurance acts,
nnd the compensation acts.
One Big Union Favored.
With regard to methods of organization, the committee was instructed to
arrange! conferences between thc several unions in any industry, with a
viow to unifying the forces, so timt
there would be only one union in ench
industry. Finally, a resolution embodying the fundamentals of a League of
Nations with adequate labor roprosonta
tion for the settlement of International
disputes was curried unanimously.
Tho congress hoard two members nf
the labor section of the' American delegation to Great Britain, who camo at
fraternal delegates to the congress to
deliver a message from the American
Federation of Labor. Tho two delegates were llr. William Short of the
Unltod Wine Workers Union and president of the Washington State Federation of Labor, and Mr. John 1'. Frey.
editor  of the International   Moulders
Journal. Mr. Short said ho regretted
that a misunderstanding had arisen between the Hritish lubor movement nnd
tho Americnn labor movement regard-
iii(t the war. lie felt, however, tlmt
there wns really no difference except
on a technicality wliich he hoped would
be removed before the delegates left
for  home.
U. S. Delegates Behind Times
Mr. John P. Frey in greeting (lie
congress declared his conviction thut
affiliation between the trude unions of
Great Britain and fhe colonies und
those of the United States was essential. With regnrd to the war, he said
the American trade union movement
■had agreed unanimously that so long as
tho German military machine threatened the world's freedom there should be
no labor congress in which thc representatives of the Central Powers were permitted to participate.
The American delegates put their
ease ably bofore the congress ond received a very cordial reception, notwithstanding the fact, as it turned out.
thnt the majority of tho delegates did
not wholly agree wilh their views.
Three Million People Live
Happily  Without   the
Almighty Dollar
Harrison Grey   Otis Gets
Trapped  by  Rebel
While the people in the rest of the
world have beon fighting for a brand of
domocracy that leaves much to bo do-
sired, tho Mexicans in a portion of
Mexico have, with very little bloodshed,
established a systom of society wherein
profiteering is entirely abolished and
where poverty, misery and the many attendant evils of the present competitive
system is a thing of tho paBt.
General Nicholas Zogg tolls the story
of how the peons, headed by their beloved lender, General Zapata, put a
stop to exploitation in the states of
Southern Mexico, now known as Zapa-
The Landlord in Zapataland
It seems that tho wretched Indian
peons in the five southernmost states in
Mexico revolted nnd drove out their
masters and landlords; they took the
brass chock on their wrists, a badge of
slavery which it was death to remove,
and made it into a badge of citizenship,
whicli it is death to imitate or forge.
There are no landlords in Zapatalnnd,
nor uny bunkers, nor any priests, nor
any lawyers, nor any buBinesB-men of
any sort; nor is there any of the thing
by which and for which all bankers,
priests, lawyers, and business men exist
money. Think of it—three millions
of people, inhabiting a territory of
ninety thousand square miles, have ex-
"stcd for five years without any money!
Thoy have a perfectly free communism. Everybody works a few hours a
day; everything that is produced is publie property, and all who havo the
badge of citizenship help themselves to
whatover they want. And there is always onough; nobody has to steal or
cheat, and nobody refuses to work—if
he does, the rest throw him into the
river. They have no liquor; because
nobody has motive enough to manufacture it; they are starting all the schools
they can, because everybody wants to
understand all tho interesting things
thut are going on.
Otis Paid the Taxes
General Zogg compels the respect of
Americans,  because  he  is  a  man  oC
wealth—that is, he was a man of wealth
under the old regime.   He is cultured
und gracious, looks like an Italian, and
speaks with n pair of eloquent aud slender hands.    If I were to tell his own
life-story in n book, yo,i would cull it
melodrama, ns utterly impossible as his
real Utopia.   After the first revolution,
he became governor of Lower California;   and  there was $190,000 in  tuxes
duo on 650,000 acres of land owned by
Harrison Gray Otis, proprietor of the ■
Los Angeles Times,   The old walrus of I
the Times was not accustomed to paying his taxes ut home, so, of course, he
had no iden of paying them to a bunch
of low-down peons.   General Zogg was
told to collect them; but Otis being,n
Gringo, und hnving tho Gringo government behind him, it wns hnrd to bring
him to terms.   So Zogg enme up to Los
Angeles, und laid before Otis a plot for
n counter-revolulion.   This was the sorl
of thing Otis was nccustomed to pnying
for, so he put up $190,000 for anus nad
ammunition to overthrow C'nrrnnzn; nnd
Zogg went back to Mexico nnd reported
thnt he hnd collected the taxes!
But tlie Mexican made the mistake of
returning to Los Angeles, where Otis
was the government; so Otis had him
grubbed—on a charge of overdrawing
his bunk account a few dollars. Zogg
had thousands ■ '■■* dollars in other Los
Angeles bunks when he made that little j
slip, but that didn't help him—his witnesses were driven away, and  he wns
llroadcd to Folspm for a couple of
A Bona Ffde Patriot
The little genernl claims to havo n
letter from Otis, offering him $25,00(1 tn
blow up tho Imporial dam. Yon see,
Olis wanted to "break" Carranza, he
wanted riots and disorder, so as tn force
American intervention in Mexico, And
Ihe Imperial dum is u ticklish proposition, being just inside the Mexican border, but controlling ihe water supply "f
the whole of Imperial valley in California, To blow up this dain'wouhl mean
ruin to the people of u wholo county;
but, if it. brought on a war, it would
have doubled ur trebled the value of Ihe
050,000 Mexican acres belonging to Gen.
Otis. Zogg declares that lie has been Arrested three times by various Americnn
authorities in ua effort to get that let
ter from him; but they haven't Succeeded }*ot; beeause he keeps it in Mexico. I find it easier lo believe his story,
because of the fact thnt Harry Chandler
son-in-law, heir nud successor to Otis,
was recently indicted by the federal authorities for trying to ship arms into
Mexico.—Max Kstmnn in The Liberator.
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitohen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Ity out Pea Ooal for your underfeed furnace)
macdonald-Marpole Co.
Jericho Tea Gardens
Finest Bathing Beach around Vancouver—four
minutes' walk from end of 4th Ave. West car lines.
Good road right to beach.
Bath Houses and Boating
Special Accommodation for Picnic Parties
BILL AMOS, Proprietor
Member of Local 2847
A. 8. V. B. Oarpenton
Here's Something About Teeth
Every Person Should Know-
once a tooth is injured or starts to decay, the work of destruction goes steadily on.
Cut your linger, it will heal.   Contract a fever, your syBtem may
throw it off.   Get a cold, ordinary core will generally be sufficient.
But when a tooth is threatened, it has no power to ropair itself
or throw off thc attacking germs.
Moral—Sec me when trouble develops in your teeth—bofore tbo
attack assumes a serious character.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Orown and Bridge BpeeUUM
>"1 602 Haatinge Btreet Weit, Cor. Beymour
Offlee Open Dally Until ( p.m.
X-Bay Alas taksa If b-wm*
■ary;    10-ytar
Bum Ipitt-Mii   	
phon* appolntrntnti.
Food License
No.  0*661
IF you want good coffee,
the very best—ask for
Nabob Coffee is thc perfect
coffee in tlie perfection container.
OppoilU labor Timplt
—Hudquirten fur Ltbor Mim—
RtlM—75o ind $1.00 por dtjr.
$2.50   pi>r   week   ind   Op.
Gift it Buiooibi* B*tM
Expert Repair*
Motors, Lights, Bolls, Telephones
The Jarvis Electric Co., Ltd.
570 Richards Street
"Great Brituin had beforo tho wnr
2000 municipal undertaking^ earning n
lotal incomo of *1.50,000,000 a yonr. Of
these no less than 142 wero street railways, and they woro being operated at
a total profit of $10,000,000 n year, besides paying taxes to thc several municipalities just as if thoy had boen privately owned."
The profiteering retnil denlei'fl in
Europo nre cutting thoir own throats
in more wuys than one. As onc important sign it ia only nccoasary to mention that during tho war tlio voluntary
co-operative movoment has grown extensively. In 1015 tho sales of tlio
12 inrgoBt wholesale co-operatives In
Europe wore estimated at $300,000,000,
and in 1010, $500,000,000, Tlio snlow of
tho Switzerland co-operative wholosalo
organization Increased in 11)1(1 by 25
per cent., that of Donmark 26 per com.,
Swedon .'{() per cent., Norway *if> per
cent., Holland 44 per oent,, and Pin-
land 100 por cent. In Russia, from
1035 to 1017, the number of distributing
co-oporntivo organizations increased 100
per cent., from 10,000 to 20.000, Tlio
co-operative stores have gained largely
nn account of tho fnct that thoy ro*
fused to take advantage of tho nocossi-
liOS of tlio people during war time, and
have continued to sell at cost, instead
of monopoly prices. Hence the poople
are joining them in ever*)ncreasing
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
Dry Goods, Gents Furnishings
rnctory organized under "United Garment Workors of America*
Whytecliff for Horseshoe Bay
This is the best time of the year to enjoy the finest scenic railway trip on the North American Continent
The Pacific Great Eastern Railway
affords you the opportunity of taking tho delightful ride from
North Vancouvor to this charming resort.
Hourly Ki*rvii n Sundaya thirty minutes past tin* ho.ir—(3:.'in ci*
cepted).   Take .North Vnncouvor Ferry on thc hours from Vancouver.
Depot adjoining Ferry wharf.   Return fare, 00 cents.
For furthur information, phoae Seymour (1547, Passenger Department.
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0
Fedorationist, Limited
A. S. Wells   Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel, Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.: Soy   7497K
Subscription: $1.50 por yoar;    in Vancouver
City, 12.00; to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00
"Unity of Labor:
tbe Hope of the World'
NOT LONG since we indulged in
somo feeble reflections upon the
inherent virtue snugly onsonced
within the sacred right of the enslaved
working animal to balk in harness
whenever ho feels
BETWEEN THE like it. It may bo re-
DEVIL AND momborod that we
DEEP SEA. laid    particular    em-
pliusi.s upon tlie undoubted value of this precious right,
and how it constitutes the solo right
{>ossossed by the slave that is absolute-
y inalienable. The fact now discloses
itsolf to us that there is still further
value attached to this precious possession, this right to quit work, to striko,
to balk, that has hithorlo escaped tho
undoubted perspicacity that lurketh
about the -editorial sanctum of this powerful family journal. That additional
value is found in the power and frequent disposition of the slave master to
compel the slave to enjoy the exorcise
of hia sacred right, whether he feels in
proper mood for such enjoyment or not.
In other words, the master frequently
insists that the slave shall enjoy a respite from his arduous labors, und
thereby recuperate his energy for still
better service in the days to come. Although many misguided ones took upon
theso little acts of kindness upon the
part, of masters in thus insisting that
their slaves take a much-needed and
well-deserved holiday of uncertain extent, as a disgrace forced upon them,
and in their anger and disgust, denomi
both these old political humbugs and
swindlers would nowhere be sufficcnt to
place their candidates in offico, even
though, receiving the loyal support of all
the bcneliciuries of the present systom
of slavery, as woll as their legitimate
defenders, apolugistn, lickspittles and
similar vermin, mice tho common peoplo, the workors and other'decent ones
n the community, awake to an understanding of their position in human society and the power that lies behind
their common action in a common cause.
* * *
Not u single legislator holds a seat
in any provincial parliament, nor yet in
the nonunion gashouso at Ottawa, who
does not hold it by virtue of the votes
of working-men and workingwomen. Tn
fact there is no othor wny to obtain
such seat than by the votes of the common people, the workors, both of city
and country. The ruling class, tho exploiting and1 marauding class, is by no
means numerically strong enough to
politically override the working olass,
No mattor how ridiculous and oven ruin
ous might be tho policy nnd programme
of the working class, there is no way
whereby the rulers, especially in a glorious "democracy" liko this, can forestall that policy nad programme if the
workers set themselves to the task of
its realization. Just as the political
tools of the dominant class wore snowed
under in the by-election at Victoria
last week, so can they be snowed under
at every election if the workers and roturned soldiers stand' together for a com
mon purpose. Tho wealth producers of
the world need only to stand shoulder to
shoulder politically in tho common do-
fence, to throw the entire ruling class
aad its iniquities and infamies into the
discard of intolerable and deudly nuisances.
Onc particularly pleasing feature in
connection with the by-election referred
to wns the absolute refusal of the rank
and file of the returned soldiers to listen to the platform piffle of the officer
candidate (a major at that) who had
been selected by tho Liberals for the
evident purpose of decoying thom into
that particular political trap of tho master class. That tho returned sold'iers
and workmen were not cajoled or hood-
nate its bestowal in such derisive terms I winked by either of tho old and thread-
(getting  the  can,"  being  " shot
down tho toboggan," "chased down the
pike," the "loss of a pie card," and
other   slangy   but   expressive   similes,
they do so because they do not understand the real nature of the favor bestowed upon tbem by the perhaps unconscious remittance, at least for a time,
of that penalty of work which their
state of slavery forces upon thom.   If
they did, they would not mnke BUffli a
wry face about it.   They would accept
their enforced vacation and the enjoyment  of their  sole inalienable  right,
with the same independent mien and
manifest unconcern that distinguishes
the mnstcr when he deigns to bestow
the blessings of leisure upon thom.
*        *        *
The only fly in the ointment of unalloyed pleasure arising out of leisure
and the opportunity of enjoying a taste
of the real freedom that ean como only
through escape from the slavo penalty
of work, lies in that magnificent democratic concept and anti-autocratic conceit   known   as   '' The   Idlers   Act,''
though  how au  idler could bo  found
guilty of action deponent knoweth not.
By this precious "Act," however, ns
Boon as the   slave   proceeds to enjoy,
either voluntarily or under compulsion,
his sole inalienable right, the right to
refrain from the punishment of work,
thc state can stop in aud throw him
into durance vile for being idle.   It is
a case of the slave being damned if hi
works nnd damned  if ho don't.    Of
course, he can still exorcise his right, to
balk, even if grabbed by tho "press
gang" of the Stato, but this peculiarly
democratic institution, as typified upon
this  peculiarly   democratic   continent,
has a happy faculty of making it exceedingly uncomfortable for obstinate
and autocratically inclined slnves to ox-
ercisc their  obstinacy  and  autocratic
predilections for the purpose of undermining democratic institutions.
*        *        *
Of course, when slaves are idle they
cannot expect to get much if anything
to oat.     This is their own fault, of
course.  If they Bnvod their wages whilo
working, instead of spending them in
riotous   extravagance,  thoy  would  be
able to live in idleness forever, once
thoy took a notion to loaf or were compelled to do so by thoir masters.   Anybody can ace that.   But having dissipated his fortune, all same prodigal Hon,
i.nd the precious "Idlers Act" having
been duly made nnd provided for his
oppocial comfort and the salvation of
his immortal soul from tho sin of doing
nothing useful and profitable to his mas-
tor and his muster's democratic Htnte,
our slave possessor of the sacred '' right
to strike,' 'to loaf, to escape even for
a brief period from the penalty of work,
finds himsolf between tho deep  ho:i of
hunger upon ihe one hand, and Hie devil
of the State's unmerciful club of oppression and tyranny upon the other,
as soon as ho attompta lo oxerelBO his
precious right, cither voluntarily or by
express fommniid of his immedinte nms-
ter.   So there yo.i are.   Figure the flirty
mess out fur yourself, tiud lodge no ruin*
plaints   with   thin  Office.    Whether  we
like to admit it or not. we may ling the
pleasing solace to our slavish souls, tlmt
whatever is dealt out to the slave class
at the hands of the masters, the rulers,
'the rubbers of the earth, is only thnt
which this class richly deserves nnil actually insists upon having.   By tm other
tokeil than the ignorance and servility
inherent   in slaves could  present  day
Iniquities prevail.   Tlio tremendous numerical superiority of slaves over mns-
ii-rs preclude any other Conclusion,   The
slnves like it; let them hang on to it.
And we may be sure thoy will.
bare frauds is a good omen for the fu
ture. If that sort of spirit becomes
prevalont among tho decent und useful
ones of the earth, the death knell of
rule and' robbery will be sounded nnd
the dawn of a now and better day bi
heralded to the sons and daughters of
men. And why should it not be so? Ho
who is at all wise knows full well that
the interests of rulers and musters nro
diametrically opposed to the interests of
thoy who are ruled and1 enslaved; that
the political tools of ralcrs can act only
ns a scourge to the enslaved; that their
every act must of necessity bo for tho
purpose of perpetuating thut enslavement and even increasing its severity;
tlmt their sole purposo in running for
office ts to conserve, and buttress, nnd
bulwark the interests of the rulers, by
holding the slaves of production in submission to their never-ending task and
merciless exploitation, nad prolonging
the brutal regime that is based upon
thoir misery nnd torture; aud that every
statement or profession to the contrnry
is a lie and1 they who give utterance to
it know it to be so. Whon a sufficient
numbor become wise to the falsehood
and deceit that have been practised
upon the slaves since the chains wero
first riveted upon them, mnny things
will become possible thnt are now considered impossible. Political stool
pigoons and decoys will no longer avail,
KulerB will get their wings clipped and
their powor taken from them. Mnny
things thnt are now sneeringly termed
dreams will perhaps come true. There
will probably bc fnr less lying nbout
the Bolshoviki than ut presont and, nt
any rate, conditions could not be nny
worse for the slavos than they nre
without machinery driven by power
outside that of man himself, is peculiarly a ruling class institution. It cannot bc carried on except by slaves
driven to their tasks. Its purposo cannot be that of lessening the burden
upon the backs of slaves, or of bringing
to them u greater return for the energy
they exepnd. Thc very contrary must
be the case. Every step in the march
of progress since the first slave was
shackled, has beon distinctly ruling
class progress. Every machine that
has been devised and adopted has been
for the purpose of increasing the power
of the ruling class, by the building of
eitios, towns, transportation lines, fac*
tories, mills, shops, armies, cannon,
powder and bomb, leading up to the
inevitable world slnghter that is now
edifying the ruling class soul and causing tho servile and worshipful slavos of
this rotten ago to gape in awe at the
Sublime spectacle, even when shedding
their own blood and inwards to stage
the glorious show. Aud neither industrial production or its inevitable and
culminating circus of blood and slaughter could bo staged except at the ox-
pease of slavos shackled to the chariot
wheels of a brutal, conscienceless and rapacious ruling class, and one that is
noae the less so though it shouts its
lovo for domocracy from tho housetops.
AN INCIDENT occurred at Victoria, B. <!., last week that is not
altogether without value in pointing out the possibilities that are within
the reach of the enslaved nnd impoverished toilers of tho
TO THE WISE land, and other de-
MANY THINGS conl persons if there
ARE F08SIBLE. be any such, onee
they become wiso
enoagh to uct in concert for thoir,own
good, instead of thnt of their rulers nnd
masters. The election of Pto. Frank
Ololmn to a Heat in tho Provincial
House, by a voto so overwhelming that
both tho Liberal aad Conservative candidates lost, their deposits, amy Hell be
considered us a tip to the useful portion
of the community of what lies within
its power onco it intelligently uses it.
The utter helplessness of the old line
political parties to carry out the
schemes and purpose? of tho ruling
class, onco the support of the common
people is withdrawn from thom, was
moBt convincingly displayod in the case
referred to.   Tho combined strength of
AS COMPARED with former ages
this is an age of groat wealth. At
least that is what we are told by
our great statesmen, wiseacres nnd pundits. The wealth of nations is now boing measured in
THE MTBTER7 hundreds of billions.
OF OREAT A   few   years   ngo
WEALTH millions would have
been quite sufficient.
Inside of nnother decade, if the present gait of woalth accumulation keeps
up, trillions will bc lequircd to do the
subject justice. And then will eome
quadrillions, quintilliniis ami so on until
the world will become so wealthy that
nobody will have nny time to work,
for each and all will bc kept continually busy iu figuring up how much they
ure individually worth in the flnnncial
scheme of things. But of course no
one in thoso glad dr.ys to como will
ever need to work any more, for every
one will be so wealthy thnt they ean
live on their wealth and income, without longer enduring the discomfort nnd
sweat of toil. And should nny bo ao
unfortunate or incapable as to still remain poor the rest of us will have such
a superabundance that none will bo-
hrudgo n sonorous handout lo the deserving uu fori una te and impecunious.
Any one at nil familiar wilh the pe-
eiillarly philanthropic nnd kindly traits
of the chronically wealthy will heartily
agree wilh this prognostication, no
Hut the fact is that there Is no more
food per person produced now than wns
the case a thousand or tea thousand
years ngo. And the same is practically
truo <>t' all othor really essential things.
Enough was produced then and no
more than enough is produced now. All
is consumed ns fast as it is produced.
And neither more or loss than that
either was or can be the case nt any
time. It is true thnt n whole lot of
things uro produced now that were not
produced n hundred or a thousand years
ago, but almost without exception they
nre of nbsolutely no fuluo to the producers theroof. They are not things essential to the comfort and well being
of any part of present society outside
of the ruling class and its rotiaue nf
wago slaves, boosters, apologists, defenders, pimps, and other menials. For
instance, millions of tons of iron ami
steel, billions of feet of lumber; hundreds of millions of ions of coal] millions of tons of shipping; miles upon
miles of railways, and factories and
shops galore, are produced every year
upon this continent alone, and prnutf-
cully all of this eonsi-ives no oilier purpose than that of upbuilding the empire of the ruling class and adding to
its pomp, mnguilifciie.- and vulgurity
and increasing its power for mischief,
tyranny, brutality and gloriously bloody
und spectacular war, its supreme
achievement in culture and spiritual up-
♦        *        •
Industrial production, production
upon a large  scale, cither    with    or
Whon the first slave was shackled
the stuge was set for an age-long agony
for the human race. The day had come
whon life was to be made a long-drawn-
out misery for tho wealth producers of
the earth and an era ot vulgar pomp
and brutal magnificence and licentiousness for rulers and masters. Thc curse
of work was to bo inflicted upon tho
enslaved ones of thu earth and this
was to be henceforth the distinguishing
mark that separated the slave from all
others of animal kind. And from that
day to this the slaves have produced,
without recompense or reward, that
whicli is termed the wealth of tho
world, und their masters have appropriated it unto themselves and wallowed
in it to their heart's content, even as
tho four-legged hog walloweth oftentimes in the swill trough of his swinish
dreams. And the "wealth" has each
year been eaten up, worn out or shot
away, but the figures representing tho
worth ond quantity remain even unto
this day, and great is the joy in swine-
dom thereat. The masters are serenely
content becauso of its figurative magnitude and the slaves remain docilely
quiescent and duly awe-inspirod in its
prodigious presonce. But it is nothing
but figures. There is nothing to make
them good outside of tlie slnves themselves and their power to do so is circumscribed by their ability to produce just enough to keep tho ruling
class world well fed, garbed nnd sheltered, and themselves upon the average
but little worse off than the rest of
tlieir master's cattle. The only reservation to be made is that they are not
nearly so secure in their jobs as the
horse, the ox, the ass or the dog. But,
poor cruatures though they are even
at the best, tho slaves constitute all
thero is to ruling class property nnd
power. Thero is nothing else to it. They
produce all the woalth, whether in tho
shape of really essential things, such
as food, etc., or non-esaeiitial stuff, such
as railways, steamships, factories, skyscrapers, Egyptian pyramids und such
useless juak. Not only do thoy do that,
but ut the word of command from their
masters they go forth right gaily and
indeed patriotically, und shoot euch
othor up in grand style just becauso
their respective masters have gotten
into a row over the plunder nnd swag
tnken out of their silly hides and stupid
sweat, and desire to pull off a great
show in celebration of thc auspicious
event. And while the merry war goes
on there is the greatest marshaling of
figures imaginable. Wealth thus accumulates nt breakneck speed. Thc world
becomes richer and richer the faster
and faster becomes fhe killing and the
destruction. Fortunes such as tho world
never saw bofore now spring up like
mushrooms in u night. It is grand; it
is glorious. Small wonder that no one
seems at all anxious to have the delectable game stop aud a return be made
to the days of old when tho accumulation of wealth was such a slow process
and millionaires were not made in a
minute. If the war lasts long enough
everybody will be wealthy und nothing can prevent such a "consummation
devoutly to be wished." Lots of workingmen have "tin Lizzies" even now
and the war has only been on four
years. The- path of both glory and duty
now leuds to wealth guloro. Lot us
hold our place In the sun by keeping
ou fighting, aud ulso accumulating
..July 5, 1918
as the cornerstone, the brick and the
mortar of a slave civilization, and its
shield and buckler for all time to come.
Occcola Mills, Pa.—The miners at the
Moshannon mine No. 10 have raised a
large American flag near the mouth of
the shaft. Each shift of miners is required to salute Old Glory before entering the works. Not to do so is sure
to visit u rebuke from the coal diggers.
Up to date only one miner made the
mistake of forgetting Old Glory. A
buth in a mule water trough has done
much to stimulate his memory.
Joseph F. Rutherford, successor of
"Pastor Russell," as head of the International Bible Students Association,
and six of his assistants, have been sentenced to twenty yours imprisonment
for conspiracy to violate the Espionage
Law. The savage sentences being handed out' in the "land of the free and the
home of the brave" to imaginary offenders against legal enactments and laws
that aro in themselves infamies both
damnable nnd foul, has never been
equalled in all the history of vicious
Prussian junkerdom or during the long
regime of tho bloody and brutal Russian
J. A. Cross of Brantford, Ont., was
recently haled before Police Magistrate
Livingstone of that city and charged
with having declared "lie had just us
soon be under Prussian rule ns the present rule of Canada." The magistrate,
evidently not being altogether pleased
with Mr. Cross' impartial attitude in
regard to tho respective virtue and
merit of Prussian and Canadian rule,
soaked him with a nice little fine of
$500, presumably becauso of his inability to discriminate between them. After
thus having been soaked by Canadian
rule to the tunc of $500, it is but fair
to presume thnt Mr. Cross will now be
amply qualified to intelligently express
a most decided preference.
There is to be no more venereal disease in Ontario. The wise legislators
of that progressive province have taken
the matter of suppressing it in hand
in the most intelligent manner possible.
It is now unlawful for any onc to either
be afflicted with such disease, or to
commit any act that might rosult in tho
spreading of it in case it does exist.
Heavy penalties are to bo inflicted upon
thoso who violate the law. This eminently simple and sensible manner of
exorcising tho deadly results that follow
in the wake of the social filth and miasma that is inevitably bred from the foul
cesspool of a civilization of robbory and
rapine bused upon human slavery and
degradation, is quito in consonance with
the most advanced thought of this ruling class age. It is a wonder that it
was not thought of before. The ruling
class mandate, that thou shalt not rot
in this rotten nge, will be as easily complied with as is the divine command,
that "thou shalt not kill," in these
glorious days when wholesale murder is
the highest and noblest art known to
Apparel for particular men, conscientiously priced
in plain figures. All
shapes and figures
can be fitted. All
suits guaranteed.
$15 $19
$23 $27
$30 $35
Union Label
We carry a full line of
the famous Everyman's
Pants. Every pair guaranteed,' and have the
Union Label.
$5 $6 $7
Correct Clothes
117 Hastings Street W.
The number of deaths by accidents
at tho U. 8. Flying Fields during the
woek ending .Tune 8, wns 10. It is not
necessary to go to Europo to get upon
tin' ruling class roll of honor for faithful service rendered, although there !h
less noise made about it whon you
get it at home, uud more especially if
you get it in decent  industry.
Because the Eloi
it' Hutte, Mont.,
lompany +ioo tor
ts agreement, wit!
mrlatioii   complin
trical Workers Union
lined the street ear
breaking a clause in
the Union, the tratis-
<,•   hail   the   switches
pulled and tied up the entire service.
Thi* union sent wind to the government
mediator, nnd who then mado the eompany pny a (lao und supply Ihe service.
A Winnipeg grocer by the name of
Nick Hiiluii, is reputed to have said:
"When thi- Germans como to Cnnnda
they will hang every man in uniform to
the trees." for this he was haled into
into the police court and given the option of pnying a fine of $100(1 or serving one year iu jail, The quostion that
now n'rises is which is the pro-German,
Mr. Hnlnn or tlie police judge who sentenced him I
For the week ending June 14 the
IJ. S. Official Bulletin reports tlmt
"health conditions continue very sntis
fuctory," iu the nrmy nunps and can
tonments in the ttnitod States* Then1
were but 508 new onsen of measles and
4,312 now venereal eases reported for
the week. Tho iion-offeotivc (sick) rnto
runs all the wny from 20.7 tn 88,5 per
t,000 at the various camps. Deaths for
the week were 155. Of these pneumonia
claimed 44, while plain suicide only accounted for five. It is confidently ns-
BUmod that were it not for the judicious
application of serums nnd the presence
of the Y.M.C.A. as a moral and spiritual safeguard, conditions would have
boen less "satisfactory."
That valued Labor publication, th
United Mine Workers Journal, gives
prominence to the following choice bit
of nows, which affords an excellent photograph of tho mentality of those stupid
croaturos in tho category of dull vertebrates whom divine providence has evidently cunningly calculated to officiate
holds out to explode and the emoluments
of his high offico, both cash and flattery,
fail not to materialize.
Right bang on the front page of Mr.
Samuel Gompers' Weekly News Letter,
a most powerful Labor publication, by
the way, the following is approvingly
quoted from one of thc prominent textile manufacturers of the United States.
Under our present system, labor is the
lust commodity to advance in prico in
times of expansion and the first to decline when contraction starts." Labor
"commodity?" And the dastardly
insiiuntion allowed to go unchnllenged
right on Sam's front page? Why, it is
damnable; it is almost execrable. Sam
says, or at least has done so upon numerous occasions, that "the labor of a
human being is not u commodity," nud
the "Clayton Act" affirms tho good
man's judgment. Then why is thc poor
miserable textile gentleman's un-American assumption that it is a commodity,
allowed to escape the withering blast, of
wrath from Sumuel's virile pen? Cun
it be that the dear old fossil has boen
asleep at the Bwitch, or is he perhaps
still drunk with tlie exuberant effervescence of his own pntriotic verbosity at
the last convention of himself at St.
Pttnl awhile back. Labor a "commodity?"   Perish the thought.
The lumber output in the United
Statos for Inst yoar showed a considerable falling off ns compared with 1910.
In fact tho paltry ninoant of but 30,-
000,000,000 feet was turned out during
the year. As this would be but a petty
300 feot of lumbor for each man, woman
and child in the Republic, or a paltry
2000 feot per family, no one need be
surprised if tho government finds it necessary to lumbor ration thc population
before the* next season's crop comes in.
Of course, it is unnecessary to remurk
that 2000 feet of lumber per family is
more than, enough to satisfy all essential and legitimate purpose for at least
ten years, let alone one year. And yet
such an enormous production, nearly all
of which conserves no essential human
purpose, is characteristic of practically
all Hues of production undor n ruling
class regime, not excepting that of foodstuffs. Nine-tenths of the energy expended by the slaves of this delectable
civilization is absolutely wasted in so
fur as the slaves themselves aro concerned. This nine-tenths is expended
solely for ruling clnss purposes and the
upbuilding of its vulgar und bloody empire. It is the priee the slaves pay for
their slavery.
"We will win. Wo will win. We
will make ull the sacrifices necessary
that we may live our lives and guarantee freedom to tho peoples of thc
ee.rth." Thus spake thc mighty Gompers. the fussy aad garrulous old fossil
that heads the reactionary machine that
at   present   manipulates   the   so-called
American Labor movemont, yclept the speeches we learned  here   moro   than
American   Federation   of  Labor.    Thc three years ago.    Last week end they
fussy one got  the above dramatically were entertained in the bnnq'uothig hall
off his cheat at the opening of tho con- of  Whitehall  Palace.    The  place  was
vention of himself at St. Paul recently, chosen, no doubt, to show iu what high
Theso "sacrifices" of tho mouth aio regard  labor is  held ia this country,
quite easily made, and besides thoy cost In the courso of a speech, Mr. James
nothing beyond  a  trifling amount of Wilson, of tho Americnn Federutiou of
lung power. And no "sacrifice" is more Labor, said lie would not agree to a
fashionable during these sacrificial daya, peace conference with the enemy until
tlmn that of the aforesaid brand.    If Prussian   militarism    had    withdrawn
that sort of sacrifice possessed oven tho within its own  boundaries.    He   ulso
slightest  virtue,  the  war would have prated about the war being fought to
long since boen  won und tho wicked enable the German people to free them-
kaiser sent to his eternal and redhot boIvos.    We wonder whut Mr. J. Wil-
sleep in oblivion.   Wo sometimes won- son's idea of freedom is.   The Prussian
der if it is renlly possible that any one Junkers have not as much powor or uho
an be so dull as to fancy that such it. with less ruthlessnoss than tho A
There aro a lot of working men who
occupy thc happy lot in this delectable
civilization of being privileged to work
for wageB provided they aro fortunate
enough to catch a master who will consent to loan them a job to work at. Of
course these happy souls are not slnves.
Perish tho thought. They are free la-
boi erB; freo to work if any one will
allow them to do so. Otherwise they
aru free to starve, provided they will
do it in secret. If they persist in starving openly, they aro liable to arrest and
punishment. They are also free of property, for as we havo no doubt ably
pointed out upon numerous occasions,
they are themselves property. It standB
to reason that property can not own
property. The vory absurdity of such a
presumption muBt be manifest to anybody with a headpiece less solid than
concrote or ivory. So what Ib the use
of talking about it? The wage-earner
is froo, absolutely and irrevocably, and
that is all there is to it. He is free to
work when he can get it. That there
cnn be no mistake about it, a judge in
the Superior Court of Massachusetts has
''ordered that 14,000 shoo workerB ut
Lynn be restrained from Btriking for a
raise of wages or for any other purpose." Tho order npplieB to some IS
foetorics operated by the Lynn Manufacturers Association. In tho faco of
thie judicial affirmation that the slave
is not a slave, we ahall, out of consideration for the foelinga of the alleged
"Labor leader" with a bourgeois cuticle, hencoforth rofrain from calling tho
stave a slave or roferring to his condition of undoubted freedom as being
even akin to a condition of actual slavery. It shall bo from now on far from
our purpose to needlessly lacerate tender bourgeois cuticles or do nught to induce bourgeois bellyaches. The slnv*.? is
a free man nnd we don't givo a cuss
if ho is.
Tho Call (London), May 2, 1018, nays:
"The American Labor delegation which
is over hero to investigate war condition in this country, has gone through
the usual performances of 'seeing the
sights' with feasts more or loss elaborate thrown iu. The functions huve
provided opportunities for our cousins
to   deliver   orations   which   recall   the
bombast and fustian ovor decoived anybody into considering the manufacturer
and peddler of it as anything but un
egostistic and unauffornblo ass. Can it
be that ovon the fussy and fossilized
old reactionary in question renlly takes
himself seriously? It may bc possible,
but it certainly roquires a gutta percha
imagination to entortain such a grotesque fancy. As an npostle of loudmouthed "sacrifice," however, Gompors
occupies no back seat. But what a
musty old joko ho is. Long may he
stay with us. Long may he "sacrifice"
safely and wordily, which ho no doubt
will cheerfully do as long aa his mouth
orican trust magnates, und ns for freedom of opinion, the wholesale arrest of
American Socialists indicates how far
that is considered worthy of respect.
The American dolegution has made
little impression, notwithstanding all
its promises of what America is going
to do to keep tho war going. It
would do grenter servico to freedom and
humanity if it went back and used
its endeavors to bring thc U. S,
Labor movemont to agree to tho reconstruction of the Workers' International.
If thiB crowd is a fair specimen tho
Amorican Labor leaders badly need experience of what war really meana."
Could anything bo better than a set or part
set of Birks' Silver-plated Flatwaret Would
anything else be sueh a pleasing reminder-
giving good servico for a lifetime, and attractive in appearance as welU \
Let us show you the famous COMMUNITY
patterns, for which we are authorized representatives. This ware has Stainless Stool
"The.... National.... Gift
Houso of Canada"
OranviUe  and  Georgia
—»avb youb mob-it—
stabt a bake aooodht a
Don't How .w.j four apare oak U
m old eonar wiora it la la dialer
from burglars or lira.
Tha HarahaaU Bank ol Canada alien   joa   perfect   eef.tj   tar   ran
mon«r, and will live too loll baaklii
Bervice, whether yoar eeeoaat la km
or email.
Interest allowed on eavlnga dope-
O. >. STAOBT, Huaiw
_   Onj-fllla aad Paadar
W. O. JOT, Kanaier
Hutlnia ail Oarrall
Bank of Toronto
ABBeta  184,000,000
DepOBita  68,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Saving! Account may ba
opened at Tne Bank of Toronto
in the namea of two or mora
pertons. In theie account! either
party may sign cheques or depoalt
money. For the different membera of
a family or a firm a joint aeeonnt la
often a great convenience. Intereat la
paid on balances.
Vancouver Branoh:
Corner Hastlnga ud Gambia Streeta
Branches at:
Vietoria,  Merritt,   New  Westminster
* Public and Conveyancer. Declarations drawn up, affidavits attested.
Moderate charges. 439 Richards St,
Trades tnd Labor Conndl.
Friday, July 7, 1893.
Nowly-elected delegates: F. B.
Bishop (Painters); Bobt. Cosgrove, F.
Gule and W. Wodley (Building Laborers); Wm. Towlor, Walden, and J.
Duthio (Bricklayers).
Goo. Dower, Toronto, secretary
Trades and Labor Congross of Canada,
wrote acknowledging receipt of extensive evidence sent from B. C. with re-
spectto Chinese immigration. It would
be laid bofore the Federal governmont
in due time, with the hopo that it will
convince those in power that the influx of Chinese to our shores is a curse
to thc whito population.
Officers elected: President, C. R.
Monck; vice-president, H. Wilson; secretary Geo. Gagen; treusurer, Colin McDonald; statistician, Geo. Bartley; doorkeeper, H. McKee.
Orawia,    Brldfu    ud    TWUtf
-"aSiHwr ""^ *■'••"•
Dr. Gordon
Opei .rentage 7:80 to 8:80.
Dental nurae ln attendance.
OTar Owl Drag Store
Fkone Sax. S938
Indianapolis—Clcncrul Secy. Frank
Duffy, of the Brotherhood ot Carpenters
and Joiners, roports the following wage
increases of affiliated unions: Durnngo,
Cal., B2V4c to 75c por hour. Bartles-
ville, Okla., $5.50 to $6.50 per day.
Summit, N.J., 50c to 62-fte por hour.
South Bend, Ind., 55c to 65c per hour.
Wellsville, O., 56Vjc to 75c per hour.
Cleveland, O., millmen are now receiving 60c per hour, working the eight-
hour day. 44 hours per week, closed
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both stores
J. W. Foster
H rol kwea'l Joined the Federated Ubor
eKS'iBf i"ii0"!? ""."■ •"■""'Mr T""w.
Room 200, Labor Temple, or any of the viae*
preeidente throifhoit tke provlnee. ...
-At the J. N. Harvey Clothing Storei •
Make the "Red Arrow"
Stores Your Headquarters
For buying union-made Wearing Apparel and
good reliable Clothing, Hats and Furnishing Goods
of every description.
Union clerks to see that you get a square
deal, and J. N. Harvey personally guarantees you your money's worth.
$15, $18, $20, $25, $30
$35 and $40
Shirts and Drawers, each    65c
Combinations, for ZZZZZL$1.25
BATHING SUITS $1.00, $2.00, $3.00, $4.50 to $7.50
Two Big Union Stores for Men
in British Columbia
Hastings St. W.
AIm 614-616 Yatei St., Viotorla, B.O.
Look for the Big Bed Arrow Sign FRIDAY.™ July 5, 1918
Trades Council Takes
Action in Strike
(Continued from page 1)
tive were in favor of doing anything
to support the strikers, but the question -was how best to do it, and the
method of dealing with the matter suggested by the executive was a means
of carrying out the endorsation, and to
give effect to it, and that at any time
a special meeting could be called, and
it was tbe intention of the executive to
call such a meeting to give effect to any
tangible effort to put into effect the
putting of the powor on the unfair
Ust, und that the unions affected should
have the right to say how this should
be done.
The chair refused to accept Del. McCallum's amendment to the amendment.
Del. Hardy stated that the working
class had called ou the working class
to support theniselvos.
The amendment to the executive re-
port and endorsing the request was
The report of the executive as amended was then adopted.
Tho report of the .finance committee
was road showing a creditable balance
to the credit of the council. The report
was referred to the audit committee.
At this point the meeting took a
fivo-miuute recess for the different
trades to elect their representative on
the committee to go into ways and
means to carry out the placing of the
power on the unfair Ust.
Business Agent Midgley reported! on
the Bakers strike, and the conferences
held, and the results of same, and that
Shellys, Pinchins, Stevensons, Brewers
and the Womans bakeries were still
on the unfair Ust, all others having
signed up.
He also reported on the Policemens
Union, which is fuUy covered in another part of this issue.
A statement to the effect that bakery
wagon drivers were not covered by the
Teamsters Union was made. This was
denied as some of the bakery drivers
were members of the Teamsters
The following wero nominated for
the various offices: President, Dels.
Wolsh, Winch, Reid and Cottrell. Dels.
McVety, McCaU-um, Hardy, Showier
and Kavanagh declined.
Vice-president, Dels. Gutteridgo,
Kavanagh, Crawford and Herrott,
Dels. Hubble and Pritchard declined.
Business agent and secretary, Midgley and Hardy.   Del. Hardy declined.
Treasurer, Knowles.
Sergeant-at-arms, Poole.
Trustees, McVety, Crawford, Hubble,
Kavanagh, Thom, Winch, Pritchard and
The council adjourned at 10.45 p.m.
The following delegates woro obligated und seated: Bakers, John Black;
Street Railwaymen, J. Mclnnes; Sheet
Metal Workora, A. J. Crawford andl W.
Burke; Longshoremen J. Mahone, Geo.
Thomas, J. Kavanagh, L. Marsh, D.
Mitcholl and B. Hughes; Machinists
No. 182, 01 Ballard; Shipyard Laborers,
W. Lee, F. Hood, E. Wilks, J. Sully,
M. A. Phelps, A. Lamb and J. Lock-
wod; Pile Drivers, A. Malcolm, T. Donnelly and E. Stewart; Upholsterers, E.
Henry; Warehousemen, J. W. Lumb and
W. Robertson.
Organized Labor Is Urged to Support
the Following Eating Houses
in Vancourer
All rosta-urunts that complied with
union Mies have signed the new wage
scale. McLoods Cart, Molntyres and
the Pioneer Cafe have refused to meet
the demands and claim that they receive plenty of public support. The
following Ust of restaurants are fair
to the union membership and organized
labor is requested to givo them all the
patronage possiblo: Delmonico Cafe,
Orpheum Cafe, Good Bast Cafo (Nob.
1 and 2), Martins Lunch, Trocadoro
Cafe, Empire Cafe, English Kitchen,
Busy Bee Cafe, Oyster Boy Cafe, City
Chop House, Post Office Cafo, Dominion
Cafe, National Cafe, Klondike Cafe,
Star Oyster House, The Only, Victoria
Chop House, Loudon Chop Houbo, Vancouver Cafe, Maryland Cafe, Shipyard
Inn, Ogdens Lunch, Waffle House, Cambie Street. The following restaurants
havo signed ap for -dining room only
and are worthy of your support: London Grill, Aliens Cafes, Borgmans Cafe,
Log Cabin Cafo, Wonder Cafe, Granvillo Lunch, Kings Cafe. Stay away
from all others until further notice.
San Francisco—Journeymen Tailors
Union No. 80 has negotiated a now
wage scale, securing for its male members an advance of $7 a week, with a
minimum of $28 per week for all journeymen. The women also secured an
increase and their minimum ilxed at $18
New York—Ten thousand harbormen
have boon awarded an increase of wages
through the agency of the wage adjustment board ol tho United States Shipping Board, that gives them from 10 to
HO per cent, more pay. The ndvnnco is
retroactive to June 1. T. V. O'Connor,
prosidont of the Longshoremen, is one
of the board making the award.
Phone Seymour 2492
The companion piny to "Jerry'
Our Li
Featuring Mwgaret Marriott
Prices:   16c, SOe, Mc.
* mi wm
PATBIOOLA—Enprm   «f   Son|
OthW BU FlttTM
European Comment on Refusal of Austrian Emperor's Peace Proposal
Representatives of Cambridge University, in conferring an honorary degree on President Wilson, consider that
noxt to Trotsky, he measures to some
degree of greatness in the war firmament, the other war statesmen being
waning lights.
It would seem that President Wilson
iB persistently urging upon the British
government a democratic settlement of
the Irish question, and promises a loan
of $100,000,000 to the new Irish government to start it off comfortably. Both
Asquith and Lloyd George have stated
that the coercion of Ulster is unthinkable, Tho Americans are wondering
how it cornea that the coercion of seven-
eighths of the Irish people is bo thinkable.
The Secrets of 1917
Lately the press of Europe has been
full of tho efforts of the Austrian emperor to bring peace among the nations.
It seems he addressed a communication
to the French President, through a mutual friend, promising the cession of
Alsace-Lorraine to France, for the sake
of peace, but that the Allies decided not
to deal with peace then. The Irish Independent, under the title of "Rejected
Addresses," states:
"Mr. Balfour said the letter was communicated to the French President and
premier under the seal of the strictest
secrecy, and without permission to convey it to anybody except to the British
primo minister and to King George. Mr.
Balfour aaid1, very properly, that a more
inconvenient method of dealing with
great transactions could1 hardly be conceived. He never heard of theBe trans*
actions until ho returned from America,
und, therefore, ho could not inform President Wilson, from whom he had no
Tho terms of the letter," said Mr.
Balfour, "had been examined by a committeo of tbe French Chamber, and they
had come to tho conclusion that tho emperor's proposal did not provide an adequate or a satisfactory basis for an hon-
orablo peace. It is not at all eortain,
however, that the resolution passed by
the Foreign Affairs Committoe of the
French Chamber has entirely closed the
matter of tho Austrian peace proposal.
Tho Paris correspondent of the Manchester Guardian, saya that tbe meeting
at whieh the declaration of M. Clemen-
ceau was adopted was attended by only
24 of the 44 membors of th-e committee,
and that only 13 voted for the resolution. The same correspondent says that
the consor, who has prevented the
French press from publishing a word
about the documents submitted to the
Foreign Affairs Committeo, hus, nevertheless, allowed the French public to
learn the fact that Mr. Lloyd George
was favorable to negotiations last year.
Before the committee, M. Ribot protested that he had to choose between refusing the Austrian proposals and
breaking with Italy, nnd he considered
himsolf bound to choose the former alternative. He admitted that Mr. Lloyd
George agreed only after considerable
hesitation to the negative reply on
which Baron Sonniuo insisted. The documents communicated to thc committee
in Paris are said to show that thc British premier insisted more than once on
the importanco of the Austrian proposals, and on the desirability of not losing so favorable an opportunity of making penco.
Neue Zurcher Zcitung (Swiss, Independent), April 17—Prince Alexander
Hohenlohe writes in regard to the Emperor Charles' first letter:
. . . It is the letter of a young
man who, by a tragic accident, finds
himself brought to the throne at an
early ago, of a young prince who has
been educated1 in the traditional military style of his family, who himself
took part in thc war for a time as an
officer at the front; who has seen with
hia own eyes, at closest quarters, the indescribable horror of this war, and the
unspeakable sufferings of tho soldiers;
and who has now, of a sudden, become
the supreme over-lord of this fighting-
machine, in which, if he wero a common
mortal, he would be now a lieutenant,
or captain at most. And this young officer does not speak as one elated by the
consciousness of finding himself at the
head of an army of millions, allied1 tn
another army of millions, yet more powerful; he docs uot talk of crushing the
enemy, nor of the necessity of gaining
furthor victories at the cost of some
hundred thousand moro of human lives,
nor of vengeance and tbe annihilation
of his foe. No! He who is no longer
forced into the trenches, exposed to
dangers of shot and shell, but, safe in
his imperial palace ean watch* the fight
from afar, does not think of the victor's laurels he might wind about his
brow. His flrst thought is for the un-
montionablo sufferings of his comrades
in the field who, day by day, in stern
fulfilment of thoir duty, are dying or
risking death for him and fur their
country, for the ever-rising tide of
blood and tears this hateful war involves; and his one desire, at the moment when ho assumes the imperial
honors, is to make an end of this slaughter, and to give back peace to his peoples, and the whole unhappy race of
men. Ho, the conquoror, does not speak
of punishing or destroying Serbia, but
promises "to restore her in her sovereignty," yet more, "as a pledge of our
goodwill, to securo for her an outlet to
the Adriatic Sea." Ho declares that
Belgium should be re-instated, should
keep her Africun colonies complete,
without prejudice to her right to be indemnified for hor losses. As for Alsace-Lorraine, what does the letter say?
No moro than this: That he, the emperor, would support with all hiB power and
personal influence thc just French
claims to Alsace-Lorraine. What docs
this mean? Ab we road it, no moro
than a promise to speak for the French
claims to Alsace-Lorraine with his Ally,
in so far aB thoy are just. The adjective "juBt" may, and iu our opinion
should, bo construed in a limiting sense,
rathor as meaning "so far as these
claims refer to French, or French-
speaking portions of Alsace-Lorraine."
Why need this passage be defended in
the presonco of the German Ally, when,
as is written in history, Prince Bismarck himself intended to renounce all
claims to Metz and French Lorraine at
Get outl you dirty loafers,
You make me want to spew,
Witb all your agitations—
You acum of Devil's brew!
I find the money always
(Just how don't count a D.)—
Why, blarst me soul, starvation
You'd suffer but for MEI
You spout upon the platform
You inundate the press
With bitter castigations
Of me—of ME, no Iobs!
You unregenerate rascals
With doctrines fierce and crude,
You're fuU as any cesspit
With base ingratitude.
You've got a sty to livo in,
A sty well-filled with mire,
And fleas to interest you—
What more do you desire!
For pigs ia pigs, no matter
What stupid things they think—
So keep your pigs' dominions,
And revel in the atinkl
'You're born to aomethirfg higher!"
Now, that just beats the hand!
But, being pigs, I reckon
You'll never understand.
However, here's some offal,
By benefactors Bent.   .   .   .
Bog in—for there is nothing
In a pig-sty like ContentI
—B. J. CaBBidy, in Auatralian Workers.
SIT ON von
the peace conference of 1871, and
yielded only to the pressure of Moltke
and the general staff. If Bismarck at
that time contemplated this isauo . .
. why should his idea not be taken np
again in March, 1917, when miUtary
conditions have changed bo radically bb
a reault of the development of artillery
range and technique! Why should not
thia consideration have favored a beUef
that the value of this part of Lorraine
might be Iobb than formerly for pur*
poses of a mUitary safeguard, and that
its abandonment, for a suitable compensation, might no longer be so impossible! In faot, even that passage of the
letter, whieh looks so objectionable to
superficial German eyes, loses much of
its offence at a closer examination;
apart from the fact that the text promises no more than that the emperor
should intercede for the Franch claim,
with his ally, without offering a pledge
that the intercession would be effective.
Missive or Missile?
The aim of the letter was . . to
prepare a basis on which official negotiation might be instituted. , . Thoro
is no bint of a separate peace. It gives
expression to the hope "of being able
before long to put an ond to the sufferings of thousands who aro living in sorrow and fear. And this letter, for whieh
humanity should be eternally grateful to
the young king, which is a clear proof
of his kindly and humane feeling, which
should be a glorious page \n the history
of hia reign, is flung back at him, as
though it was a bomb filled with poisonous gas; and his government must repudiate it; it is looked upon aa ovil, as
compromising, as a dangerous blow from
the enemy. To such a pass has the
world 'a judgment now come ... so
much are our ideas the contrary of what
they ought to be. The saddeBt, the most
tragic fact of all is that, as things are,
the young king's nigh and humane in-
tentiona, instead of benefiting his peoples, have created a crisis from which
Austria will not emerge without loss. ■
. Moreover, it is discouraging for all
who had hoped for a just and reasonable peace . . . that the possibility
of reaching an understanding has been
made exceedingly difficult. . . Who
will venture in future to open confidential communication a with tho enemy,
when ... ho can no longer feel
eortain that the secret of thoae com-
municatioiis will not be betrayed the
next day. . . Thta incident is fateful
and tragic ... for the wholo world
and first and foremost for France. One
wonders whother tho unhappy French
people, whom one cannot but compassionate, will not have their eyes opened
to the abyss into which their rulers, and
more particularly Clemeneeau, are about
to precipitate them. . . The responsibility which weighs on the French
statesmen. , . is terrible, and1 when
history haB to pronounce judgment,
thero is no doubt even now that the Emperor Charles will stand better before
its tribunal than any of them."
Tha Net Result
National Zeitung (Basle, Radical),
April 12, considers that Charles, while
desiring to save his state from Gorman
hegemony, and the world from the
trammels of war, nover endeavored to
obtain anything but a genoral peace.
Hie letter, however, which testifies to
"the best will for peace," will load to
serious disasters,
"Therein lies the infinite tragedy of
the affair. For even though Vienna
must of courso disavow its existence,
yet it will be mercilessly used by Germany, and the last attempts to preservo
the independence of Austria-Hungary
seem now to have become hopeless. .
. A sharper era of nationalism and
force may be oxpectod in Vienna. . .
Supported perhaps by German bayonets.
If thero is nnything in tho world whieh
is disastrous for Frnnco and th-e Entente it is this development . . and
it is Clem onco au, the evil genius of his
country, who has become the architect
of Gorman hegemony through tho mad
passion of revenge and fury in his hysterical struggle of desperation. , . .
The complete restoration of Belgium,
together with her colonics, with reparation, a seaport bestowed upon Sorbin,
tho promise in respect to Alsace-Lorraine, nnd all this after tho revolution
had broken out in Russia, after Roumania had been defeated, and Serbia occupied. By trying to strike at the monarchy, and sow discord between the
Central Powers, Clemenceau has proved
by documentary evidence tho imperialism of the Entente, its responsibility for
tho prolongation of thc war, and its rapacity, wheroby Austria is hold1 down
milieu, moro firmly under German domination. The effect of these revelations Is
positively paralyzing. Wo see how near
the world was to peaco, to a peace of reconciliation . . . and sinco then millions of men have fallen, the wealth of
mankind is almost consumed . . ■ and
nil because no man could be found who
knew how to seize and uso this offor!
. . . The miserably stupid assertions
of tho Vienna semi-official press which
instead of responding to tho watchword
of poace and muking tho monarchy its
champion, from fear of Ludendorff's
frown, talk of an 'intrigue of Clemenceau ' of' clumsy machinations,' because
the military situation has improved and
the weather haa changed in Berlin will
of courae find credence nowhere in tho
world, not evon in Austria. That is,
however, no longer the point, but tho
twofold misfortune that this letter did
not help aa it should1 have helped, and
that it was only made known at the moment when it was most helpful to the
pan-Germans ln their terirble game as
1 enemies of humanity.''
Whose Internal Fires Are
Stoked by Diplomats and
the Devil
Life, according to the scientist, begins in a cell, and, if the Bible students
are correct in their analysis of the holy
records, it ends in a sell.
The microbe named man ia kicking up
a dust juat now all over the planet, and
it muat appear to nature iu general that
tho human family can not be tolerated
much longer.
We have strikes and police unions
even in this benighted region, and the
Almighty alone knows what is coming
The Japanese, however, can give us
pointers. On April 16 of last year, the
new union of prostitute keepers
throughout Japan drafted a petition to
lower the minimum age for prostitutes,
from 18 to 16 years. This country is
getting up to date, as they now have
women firemen and tram conductors,
millionaires by the hundred, graft scandals, and aU the joys of civilization.
In tbo City of Tokio alone, 30,700
families of 130,000 persons are reported
as being destitute.
Things aro going completely to the
devil in China. At the present momont
there are eight separate government armies in the field operating in different
regions and opposed to each there is a
rebel force.
Ten of the provinces are more or loss
given over to brigands, who pillage,
murder and kidnap. Whole cities are
being plundered and women are rushing
in thousands to the mountains. Indescribable chaos is everywhere. Over ono
and a half million men under arms, and
all out to do a minimum of fighting and
a maximum of plundering.
China's sorrow, the Yellow Biver,
broke its banks in 1853, flooded immense areas and drowned ten million
people. Engineers tell ua and the traveller may see for himself, that in flood
the wators of the Yellow Biver, confined1 by huge embankments, flow high
above the level of the plain. An extra
rush of water, a weakness of the chain
of dykes, a revengeful bund of brigands,
any of several agencies, may give the
congested river the chance to again escape its bonds, when the terrible tragedy of 1852 may bc reproduced. All
tbe elements that contribute to an unspeakable disaster are now present, and
the occurrence of the disaster is only a
matter of time. The world is going to
hell in evory place at once,
A writer just returned from Russia
says, in the Near East, "Russia is now
for the time being Bolsheviki in spirit
as well as in form. * * * The proclamation of a Czar in Petrograd would
mean nothing nor does the restoration
of thc Ukraine Bada. Such arrangements can only last as long aa they are
maintained by German arms and no longer. * * * SocialiBm is too deeply
rooted in the character of the people
ever to be torn out by force.
"Ignorant and unjust as Bolsheviki
rule may be, it remains Russian. It
has the assent of the mass of the people
behind it, and only when that assent is
withdrawn will Bolsheviki rule come to
an end, The German invasion is more
likely to strengthen the Bolsheviki thnn
to woaken them.
"The old govornment of the Czars
failed to stop the revolutionary movement. It will not be stopped by a foreign power, which has no national tradition behind it, and no instrument but
armed forco."
Trotsky and Lenine understand the
situation perfectly, and will meet thoir
enemies with any and all means at their
command. They will not hesitate to
adopt drastic measures against those
who would stab the revolution in the
back. As Trotsky says: "It is not immoral for the proletariat to crush its
enemies; it ia its right."
Something ia going to rip in Austria,
and the forcos of the kaiser will aoon
have work in that country. The German brain is a tool forged by the ruling
claas for its use, and although the last
four yearB must have caused a considerable change to take pluce in the
minds of the slaves of Junkordom, yot,
as a whole, the mirage of their masters'
victory still lures thom on. If this war
continues we may yet see the females
in the trenches, fighting with the ferocity of wild cats and enjoying life on
rations consisting of tho bodies of the
If the slaves do not change tho syBtem the humun race must perish. We
know, however, that tho change wilt
como, "There is a 'Darwinity' that
shapes our ends, rough hew them as w
There seems to be a general idea
abroad that peace will come this full,
that we shall have no more winter campaign. The end of this war means the
beginning of a still greater trouble. The
munition workers will bo immediately
thrown out of omploymont, along with
lho workers of practically every othor
craft, tho moment the conflict censes.
The greatest unemployed army the
world has ever known springs Into boing ns fast as the present armies are
disbanded. Truly capitalism has fixed
thu slave this timo. Ho must either die
of starvation or die on the battlefield.
The report from the British Labor
Congress is not yet here. The resolutions endorsed* by this body will make
interesting reading. The present issue
between the workers of Britain and
their capitalist masters is the result of
the refusal of the government to allow
the Socialists of tho Allied countries to
attend the Stockholm conference. The
secret treaties showed that the capitalists of thi' Central Powers had met the
capitalists of the Allied countries last
September, at Peine, in Switzerland.
The proletariat of Britain wants to
know the why and the wherefore of thin
The student who looks beneath the
surface sees that we are sitting on tho
edge of a volcano. An explosion is inevitable ,an explosion that will blow
the capitalist system sky high.
It is the naturo of the dovil to tear
and rend the body of its victim before
it leaves it. Look up, wearied comrades, tho dawn is breaking. The policy
of the proletariat must now be "audacity, audacity and more audacity."
The economic tide is in our favor, although the seas are rough. Yet a little
whjlo and wc shall set sail for the Cooperative Commonwealth and lind ourselves in a running sea und the wind
abaft thc beam.
San Francisco—Machinists Union tendered Judge Dunn, of the superior court,
$15,000 worth of Liberty Bonds as bail
for Mrs. Bona Moonoy's release, pending further aetion in her case. The tender has been refused, and now the machinists are endeavoring to secure an
explanation of the judge's action. Thoy
want to know whether he considers government bonds inferior to cash.
San Francisco—Total earnings of the
municipal railway since the commencement of operations, on Decembor 28,
1912, up to April 30 of this year amount
to $8,017,010.23, according to a report
issued by the board of works. The total
disbursements have amounted to $7,826,-
910.03, leaving a free cash balance of
$280,108.20. In addition to this cash
balance, there is on hand in the depreciation fund the sunt of $863,879.59.
Washington—Shortage of labor and
the new draft are seriously affecting the
mining of coal, according to the information of the fuel administration. The
anthracite industry especially has been
hard hit in this respect. So great has
been the depletion in its mine working
force that the situation is declared to
be growing grave, and a hurry up call
has been sent to the United States department of Labor to do something to
relieve the situaion.
Kansas limits the'working hours of
women employed in hotels, restaurants,
dining halls and lunchrooms. The wo*
men are only allowed to work nine hours
a day and 54 hours a week. For night
workers seven hours work in twelve
constitute a day's work and 48 hours a
week Ib the Umit.
The Irish Labor Party recently cabled
its demand for Mooney'a freedom to
Governor Stephen.
The railways of Japan are largely
operated by women.
"Fifty-seven of Seattle's retail meat
markets are unionized," said J. S. Hof-
mann, business agent of Meat Cutters
Local, No. 81.
Bridgeport, Conn.—Having been given
full assurance by the Taft-Walsh Labor
Policies Board that whatever decision is
handed down by that body wll be enforced by the government, the 10,000
machinists and tool-makers who have
been on strike for a week, from tho
manufacturing plants here engaged in
essential war work, will return to their
respective Bhops.
Denver, Col.—The government mediator's award in the metal trades strike,
has been accepted by both sides, and
the men have returned to work. It involved thc machinists, boilermakers,
blacksmiths and pattern makers. It was
thc most serious industrial disturbance
that has developed in this atae this year,
and involved 600 men. The award
grants a wago increase of approximately
50 centa per day for each craft in
Norwich, Conn.—Tho union machin-
ists and toolmakera employed by the
Rockwell-Martin Arms Company of tbis
city have received an increase in wages
amounting to 10 and 15 per cent. Tool-
makers now receive 80 cents per hour,
and machinists from-65 to 75 eents per
ia entitled to the best of every-,
thing, and indeed needs the best'
of everything, more especially in
the staple necessaries of life—a
home, food and clothing.
Q We cater for men, and women
too. We specialize on strictly-to-
meaaure, high-grade, tailored
suits, made from genuine aU-wool
cloths, and we say
Ford Suits
are the BEBT. They are the
suits that Labor is entitled to.
The,'re union made at full union
rates. At onr prices they're the
oheapest suits for any man to bay
because they're perfect flttiing
and the excellence of the materials employed ensue everlasting
wear. Ford Suits keep their
shape throughout and will outwear three ordinary ready-made
of highert grade
f8S. S40, S45, SSO
St. West
[By Tom Dooley]
The by-election is over. The returned soldier won hands down, with labor's
support. The three opposing candidates
lost their deposits. There endeth the
first lesson.
This is the first act in the great
drama of making the world safe for
real democracy.
The pubUe has been told that the
labor men were not patriotic, that the
labor men said they had no eountry
to defend; that the labor men were
friends of every country but their own,
and so on. And many of the labor men
did not deny the soft impeachment.
Aa a matter of fact, they gloried in it.
Some of them would say: "The world
is our country," and would sneer at
the motto: "My country, right or
wrong, which is supposed to express the
sentiment of a true patriot. Now, personally, I am a sticker to definitions
'' Gompers firm in the saddle. When
the American Federation of Labor put
tho muffler on the radical element last
November at Buffalo we Baid that tho
future actions of the radicals depended
on whether, after taking the soft pedal
as thoy did, the actual experience of thc
next fow months justified their submission. Wo believo that the last six
months, while thoy have weakened
Gompers' position for the long pull,
have given him control of the immediate futuro. We do not look for any
activo insurrection at the meeting which
opens at St. Paul June 10. Ono or two
more members of the executive board
may be dropped and new blood put in.
Somo warlike sections may sound their
bugles, ub they did at Buffalo. But appreciation for what Gompers has done,
respect for his years, the relatively
atrong position of the union nationally,
nnd the specific gains of the past six
months will all counsel submission to thc
venerable leader's policy. The timo is
coming when Gompers must step down
and whon the wholo policy of the A. F.
of L. must change. Wc do not think
that that time haa yet arrived. When
it does it will be full of portent for
every one of the labor clients."
The abovo is from "Babson's,"
which by tho way is a confidential circular isaued by what is known as Babson's Statistical Organization, Incorporated, a Massachusetts concern, the
mission of which is to put financial and
labor skinning pirates wise to the tide
rips and reefs that may beset their
courso, and so chart and compass their
sailings as to steer their piratical craft
into the snug harbor of profitable
safety. That it is a very apt pro-convention size-up of the great man, is
cloarly proven by the results of the
gathering at St. Paul. But "Babson's"
cnn not truthfully lie accused of saying
anything of the man in the "saddle1
that is in any way liable to be con
struod ns much of a recommendation for
Samuel, that i» from a labor Btandpoln'
if Gompers is "firm in the saddlo,'
and he no doubt Is, the ran It and file of
his warrior host need ant of nocfissity
suffer from saddle galls. Figuratively
.speaking, the modern Rosinnnto's hide
may be too tough ami thick lo gel sore,
nr) matter how vigorously and even vociferously our Don Quixote tilts at windmills that don't exist.
U. M. W. Dedicates Monument to Victims of Colorado Murder Carnival
The eyea of over 700,000 members of
the United Mine Workera of America
were turned toward Ludlow, Colorado,
on Memorial Bay, when a monument
dedicated to the victims of the 1914
Ludlow massacre waB unveiled by the
international executive board.
The monument cost $7000, the Bum
having been raised by popular subscription.   It is erected directly over the
Bpot where the tent colony waB burned I _    ...	
to tho ground by the Colorado mining | and I think that the best thing to do
company, owned by the Bockefeller in. I is to get a definition and try and find
teresta.   Eleven women and children if the charge is true,
were burned to death, some of them      What ia patriotism 1
with Bockefeller bullets in their bodies.
The  massacre,  occurring  April  20,
1814, wbb an incident in a warfare carried on by the Bockefellers, against the
miners who had asked better conditions.   During the Bockefeller murder
carnival, 62 miners were shot down by
mine guards and by a stato militia owned by tbe pious Bockefeller through
their agents in Colorado.
The -United Mine Workers Union has
purchased a homestead of 100 acres, on
which the colony of Ludlow was located. The monument is in tho centre of
the plot and will bo guarded by pensioned members of the union, who will
mako their home on the ground.
Dedicatory speeches and impressive
Patriotism, in my opinion,
love of one's native land, and a de-
aire that she should stand great, noble,
and equal with other countries as a
home of a freo, self-ruling and just
people. That is the definition of any
true patriot. Now let ub see what patriotism iB as taught by the imperialist.
It means love of some one else's country and a desire to steal it for a bunch
of sharks who are intent on trying to
destroy the world for democracy. Now
labor men aro patriots in the best sense
of the word. Labor is international,
not anti-national. It menus the free
federation of self-governing nations, all
equal and none predominant.
The question might bo asked, what
Edmonton, Alta.—Beginning July 1,
carpentera iu thia city are to receive
70 cents per hour, an increase of 10
State-owned Enterprises Holding Down
Profiteering of Private
The Labor-Soeialisl stnte administration of Queensland, Australia, cleaned
up $250,000 profits during the past year
on state-owned enterprises. Tin- state
has not gone into business to make pro-
fits, but to hold down the profiteering
of private concerns. There are now 27
known trusts in Australia, and, ns in
othor countries, they hud gradually
forced prices upward and seemed in a
fair way to bleed thc poople to the limit
when the government started to interfere in the gamo. The state has gone
into the butchering and linking businoss, operates an .insurance department,
savings bank, employment bureau and
perforins other functions, even running
u hotel. The trade union rate of wages
is pnid in oil state enterprises and oxten
sions are being made fur thc future bo
sides preserving normal costs tn tho
public. Capitalists don't like this sort
nf state competition, but thoy havo to
take their medicine. And the chances
nre tbat in the very near futuro thi
capitalist will not be permitted to oven
ceremonies marked the unveiling of the  bus this to do with tho election ot tho
monument, probably  one  of^the niost  returned soldior to tho provincial leg
impressive incidents of our national Mc-
morial Day.
Strange as it muy seem, the Bockefeller interests in Colorado did not protest tho erection of tho monument us seditious, or pro-German,
Union Bakeries j
The Bakers Union reports that union-
made bread with the label on will be
delivered to all parts of the city by
Monday. Tbe bakery is situate at
Fourth and Commercial and will be
known us tbe Union Bakery, and that
the Loudon Bakery, under new management, will also put out u loaf bearing the union label.
It is also reported tbat Reynolds
Bakery of South Vancouver is now on
the fair list.
The following are also on the fair
list: Dodsons Bakery, Fergusons Bakery, Godlcys Bakery, Obens Bakery,
Beoches Bakery, British Bakery, Roses
Bnkery, Bungalow Bakery, Robertsons
Bakery, McFadzeans Bakery and tho
Granville Bakery.
"Our Little Wife" at the Empress
Sinco wo presented Billy H*urke»' delightful |>lny "Jerry," in which Margaret Marriott   mndo  Midi   a   lie ci lie (I   hit,   WC   hnve   f-
ceived a number of letters  requesting ui
to prosont nnother play ot Hu kind and wi
take   (,'jvii!   pi en Mir*   in  tinnuiiiicing  thut we
hnve     iteniretl     the     i 'otupaniim      play In
"Jerry" outl tied "Our Little Wifo."   This
delightful |.|uv "i* frocks,  frill- und feminine
lovell ti em, which being ontlraly different
from "Jerry," In written jn ihr Name brilliant vein nt humor and is liritn full of
sparkling Mm*.- nnd delightful situations. The
1'iirl Hint Misi Marriott will piny will tax
tlie dressmaker's art tn its capacity, and the
feminine ol intent of onr audience will have
a rent feast of up-to-the-minute creations. An
a InuttliitiK' vohldo, "Onr Littlo Wifo" ia
conceded to he one of tho classiest tlmt lias
In- ii turned out in recent yearn, and, like
"■lorry," It r.mtniiiH nn original theme dint
jirobnhly accounts for the hold it ha* on
theatre-goon everywhere it has been played.
The stock company In Brooklyn played this
excellent piece for threo solid weeks last No-
vein her   unit   repeated   it   ii i......   in    May   to
packed houses for two weeks more. The
Km ji res* tnuiiHireinenl are planning to j[lvt-
"Onr Little Wlfa" a production that will
even  inrpasa  ".lerry,"  and as  next   Monday
night will he its tir*.t presentation in run
ndn, it will undoubtedly puck the KmprcitH
Theatre t<> tho doors, ***
Victoria trade unionists ure advised
lhat the Tenmsters ure being organized
in Victoria and meetings are being held
every Tuesday in the K. P. Hall. Talk
organization to nil tht teamsters whom
you come in contact with.
Chicago—The Bridge and Structural
iron Workers Union No. 1 has secured
an agreement with the Erectors Assooifl
tion, contractors nnd masons, calling for
87% cents an hour with an cightho-ir
dny and time und a half for tlie first
hour after eight and double time for
any time beyond that, us well as double
timo for holidays and Sundays, and regular pay for waiting timo.
Han Antonia, Texaa—Tho members of
the Carpenters Union employed on gov-
ernment contracts have been conceded
an increase of (1 a day, from $5 to s)0.
Tho Electrical Workers havo also been
granted a similar advance without any
trouble. Work in all the trades is good,
und every union ia increasing its membership!.
islat/ure. Well, I am a boJiever in (he
theory of cvoiy country trying to work
out its own political and economic salvation and for this reason—that whilo
there is ono national aspiration, such aB
"Home Bule for Ireland," for instance, the people generally will not
soe anything else and consequently wc
(that is those of us who have dreams)
cannot vory well forco home to the
people the neceaaity of thc solidarity
of the human race. The soldier problem is one of those problems that is going to be uppermost for quito a long
time. All tbut the people see ahead of
them is the solution of the returned
soldier problem, and while the people
only see that, it is our duty to do aU
in our power tu get in with them and
help to solve it. Now what does this
solving of the returned Soldier problem mean.' Cun the govornment as constituted today solve itt Why, of
course not.* From the point of view of
present government the thing is un-
solvablc. Prom the point of view of
the private employer, thc returned soldier problem is unsolvublc. it is not to
be expected that an employer, however
good aud kind-hoar too, could, for long,
bo expected to employ a crippled soldier, us against tin employer who cm-
ploys men physically lit. Common
sense tells us not to expect that. So
the only Solution is the co-operative
ownership of industries for the common
good. But this iH too large an order
for tho present fttrn. of government,
consequently it is up to us to lend a
band, and su, sleepy Victoria, conservative Victoria, has roused from her
slumber anil shook oil" the cobwebs of
parly politics, and nun from the Liberal, Conservative, women'» organizations, and the Labor Party, stood together to right u very grievous wrong,
and from appearances it looks as it' this
will sweep right through the Dominion,
and if it docs, we will do in Canada
constitutionally (if tht) big fellow will
allow us) what thu Russians had to do
to the Czar's regime by force,
Thc soldier is beginning to see
through the sham patriotism of our
rulers when they oppose him ut thc
election, lt is ull right for the soldier
to light for the country hut it would
never do to let him get out of hand
und sit in the legislature, because if
lie does thore is no knowing where he
will stop. The ilrst thing we will know
he will be running the country and
theu what would tbe politicians aud
lawyers do, poor thingst
Now, then, those of you who think
you have not got n country to defend,
join with the throng; help on the good
work; help to change the rotten condition under which wc and the returned
soldier are living; abolish wugc-sluvcry,
aud make the people tho solo owners
of tho common property in tho community in which all shall be workors.'
And then, having a country with a froo
people, we could spend our loiiMrc time
talking about how we got together nud
changed the conditions from hell to
Patronize B. C. Foderationist advertisers, and tell them why yon do so. PAGE SIX
... Jnly 5, IMS
It means a lot
to you
—when you buy Overalls, it makes a big difference whose Overalls you buy. So don't
just order "overalls," specify—
ECAUSE the name TWIN BUTE is a name which
designates satisfaction, fit and a long lasting
quality that is built right into each garment. With
double-stitched seams, pockets, reinforced corners,
rivetted buttons—these Overalls wear like iron.
These garments are "Made in B. C." so that all
money spent for the making of Twin Bute Overalls
and Work Shirts stays right here, helps to build up
our province and maintains prosperity.
Aliens and So On
Editor B. C. Federationist:—During
the last year much has been published
through the press ubout the aliens of
Cnnada, aud I am one, though would
be glad lo become a citizen of this
country if nllowed to remain here Ihe
required time.
I am from Dixie Land and came to
this country when the TJ. S. government
went into the war.
A short advertisement which perhaps ,96,000 was cut in hnlf.
hnd more to do with my coming than j will be food for serious thought in ihe
Fearful Inroads Being Made on Trade
Unions—Mnst Be a
Recent information reaching New
Tork tells of the fearful inroads being
made on the German trude unions. These
details arc furnished by last reports:
The number of labor unions was reduced from 771 in 1913 to 450 in 1918.
The membership of- the Berlin central
labor body dropped from 302,000 in
1913 to 130,000; Hamburg's had 143,000
trade union members in 1013, against
47,000 now; Dresden's membership of
These figures
anything else read about ns follows:
"Young men come to Cnnada; 50,000
farmhands wanted at once; 100 acres
free homestead laud. A guarantee
against military service."
And it was published in the farm
press by thc Canadian government
agency of Kansas City, Mo.
I was soon in Canada working on
the farm from 12 to 1G hours per day
and have not quit work long enough
to look up nny homestead lands. And
as to the guarantee ngainst military
service, I think it must have been »a
joker clause to catch suckers. Maybe
I should say slackers, for the two governments are now arranging to conscript Canadians in the U. S. and
Americans in Canada.
I am not "beefing it" because of
tho fact, but it all goes to show that
the sugar-coated promises of our patriotic capitalist governments are but
mere scraps of paper when it comes to
the realization of said promises.
I have made preparations to return
home to join in the fight for the freedom of the world, though the greater
part of the earth's inhabitants are in
slavery with but little chance of
escape from their sad plight during
this war.
And also the "world must bc made
safe for domocracy." I suppose tho
best way to do that would bo to kill
off or pat into jail all of the true democrats and socialists, leaving tho profiteers and militarists to steer the great
ship, democracy, by the aid of the always reliable lap-dogs nnd black Bhccp:
the two-faced type of mon.
I am only one of tbo many aliens in
Canada (and I wonder what they will
do with thc others since the national
registration) who has boon doing his
bit in a safety ilrst way.
The powers thnt be should rejoice
ond be exceedingly glad, for I will
leave my job to the Jap or the innocent
Chinese and go bounding bnck to the
so-called land of the free.
coining days of peace, wliich may cause
the ruling classes of the kaiserland to
think of their own safety.
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
...Fairmont 308
..Sermour 8578
BLOCHBERGER, F. B., 819 Broadway But.
BRAND, W., 029 Pender Street Weit .   .	
B. C. PRINTINO * LITHO. CO., Smythe and Homer. Sermour 8388
CLARKE 4 STUART, 820 Seymour Street-. "   "
COWAN ft BROOKHOUSE, Labor Tempi* Building	
DUNSMUIR PRINTING CO.. 487 Dunsmuir Street	
JEFFERY, W. A., 2188 Parker Street. ..	
KERSHAW, J. A., 589 Howe Street.. 	
LATTA, R. P., 837 Gore Avenue	
MAIN PRINTING CO.,  8861 Main Street	
MAINLAND  PRESSES,   99  Cordova   Street East 	
MeLEAN Jk SHOEMAKER, North Vancourer.	
MITCHELL-FOLEY, LTD.,   129 Hastings Street West .
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vancouver 	
PACIFIC PRINTERS, 600 Beatty Street .	
ROEDDE, G. A., 616 Homer Street...
 .Seymour 8
....Seymour 4490
 Beymour 1106
...Highland 1187
-..Seymour 8674
.....Seymonr 1089
...Fairmont 1988
Yu. 68
mour 1085
 N. Tu. 80
...Beymour 9592
IMSbeVl/D,    «.    n,,   vaw   uuhud.    u..vv.	
BUN JOB PRESSES, 187 Pender Street...
TE0HNICAL_PRE88,JOO Beatty Street.
.Seymour 264
Seymour 41
....Seymour 8826
...Fairmont 621R
TIMMS, A. H., 380 Fourteenth Avenue Eaat  	
WARD, ELLWOOD ft POUND, 818 Homer Street..,. „  Beymour 1515
WKKTERN SPECIALTY CO., 672 Granville Street..... Seymour 8526
WHITE * BINDON, 628 Pender Street Weit Seymour 1214
Write "Union Labol" oo Your Copy when You Sond It to tho Printer
Le "Miserable"
In reply to Constable (130) Shaw's
Patriot, published in last Sunday's Sun.
A nobloman, perhaps, is he who talks
about the patriot.
He   stays   at   home   and   siugB  his
praise, his soft voice gently whispering.
It says: I go to do my bit ou the
bloody lields of Flanders.
Oh, tell me not, my heart doth err,
say not 'tis but a dream.
Tell me not to get my hair cut, before
I enter bottle.
And that cry which thrills my very
soul, is but u sob of weakness.
I hear brave voices calling mc, from
over there; I hear them.
They are culling mc by name sometimes, but still I do not hear them.
The warriors bold shall greet him, if
he hns but the courage 1
Their brightest smile will shine for
him, to banish all his sadness.
Then shall we sing his pruiseB, unto
the very skies.
For we ahull look upon him as a soldier und a men. i
Alas for him he cannot go, he has not
got the courage.
But will he stop from writing verso,
about patriots, wnr and glory?
From   thc  skies  above,  the  angels
know his verses are camouflage.
Shall we write his name on the scroll
of fame und term bim Le Miserable?
The Canadian Bank of Commerce
Capital 116,000,000 Rest	
A savings account will assist you in tho patriotic and personal duty of
conserving your finances. This Bank allows interest at current rates, and
-welcomes small as well as largo accounts.
Use Pure and Wholesome
Wheat Flour Substitutes
CEREALS that are milled in B. C. by B. C. workmen—dependable substitutes that are given
careful laboratory and baking tests in a modern
milling plant.
Royal Standard Rye Flour
Royal Standard Yellow Cornmeal
Royal Standard Oatmeal
Royal Standard Rolled Oats
Boilermakers Society Takes a Stand in
Opposition to Rivetting
London, Eng,—John Hill, the general
secretary of the Boilermakers Society,
a very powerful trade union, with probably more power over its mcnlbcrs than
any other union, has sent a circular letter to all his branches in connection
with rivetting contests, in which money
is given as prizes und betting indulged
in by gambling sportsmen. The following extract from Hill's article will
speak for itself:
"These record-breaking contests are
no criterion of whnt individual men or
squads can do. Scores of foremen, men
and boys are employed for dnys prior
to and during the contests, preparing
thc work and assisting in ils performance , . . Our members have douo
everything in iheir power to expedite
tho output of shipbuilding and repair.",
and will continue to do 80, but they
strongly resent being tho tools of out-
sidors. . . After the lubor
months wc, with othor trades, have just
succeeded in drafting a comprehensive
scheme, now in operation for the unification of the men, tlie employers, and
the government, for the maximum production of new shipbuilding, and the
acceleration of repairs. , . . Riveting has never been a sport, and in these
times our members were never in more}
deadly earnest, and we shall not allow
our members to be turned into gladiators to provide sport for the idle rich,
n sport which is already having adverse
effects and is reducing the total output,
besides undermining the good relations
which we have established for the cooperation and unification of our offorts
in the nntional cause."
The strike is not, and cannot b\v
directed against the employers of labor
Thc strike is against tho conditions of
the lnbor market. The downward trend
of wages, the lengthening of the working hours, thc speeding up of tho working force and thc thousand and one
petty tyrannies forced upon thc workers, ore made possible only by conditions of the lnbor market that arc unfavorable to the comfort nnd welfare
of the working class. In other words,
these impositions and exactions arc
made not only possible but inevitable
by an overstocked labor market. And
the world's labor market has been glutted with labor-power offered for Bale
for the last two centuries, aad this glutted or overstocked condition becomes
more pronounced and overwhelming as
the tools of production and distribution
become more highly perfected and the
productive and distributive power of
labor thereby increased.
As a means of settling any question
of wages, hours, or other conditions of
employment, the strike was a joke during its infancy. It has become a farce-
comedy during tho Inst half-century. It
will require something more than oven
the ponderous profundity of S. Gompers,
Esq., the high-priest of this sublime
folly, to prove that the strike and all
of its related phantasmagoria, has had
any effect, either beneficial or otherwise,
upon thc average condition of the "members of the world's working class, when
taken as a wholo.
Born of rebellion ngainst tho uncomfortable conditions forced upon the
workers because of an overstocked labor
market, tho strike must of necessity be
directed against that which has fostered
the rebellious spirit, i. c., tho surplus
labor. As this surplus labor appears in
the* market in tho form of workers available for employment the strike must be
directed at these laborers. They must
bo kept from filling the places left vacant by thc strikers, or the strike is
lost. From the overstocked labor market
is recruited not only tho requisito workers to fill thc places vacated by the
strikers, but the necessary forces to protect the "strike-breakers" in their new
found jobs. Whether the battle over
the jobs be fought out with mere
threats or weapons more drastic and destructive, the fact remains that it is a
fight solely within thc rnnks of the enslaved working class itself. -No employers receive injuries; no capitalists are
killed. The only adverse effect upon
employers is expressed in the temporary
.interruption of the profinble and orderly
-conduct of their business The loss thns
suffered may be readily recouped once
the "Kilkenny" fight within tho camp
of labor is brought to an end.
The "general strike" is merely the
ppiication or extension of what has
hitherto been locul nttempts at relief, to
cover u field circumscribed by national
lines, or even extending beyond those
lines. In principle it is the same thing;
in effect it is equally disastrous and
futile. It is equally impotent in so far
as solving any problem is concerned. Tt
is merely a display of rebellious spirit
upon an enlarged scale.
The strike is the chief weapon of
trade unionism, but it is a weapon
whose recoil is equal to, if not greater,
than its muzzle velocity. It works havoc at both ends, and that havor is
sprend solely within the ranks of the
working clnss. When the smoke of battlo has cleared away, the employers of
labor are discovered , safely in the
background and not even powder-burnt.
They have not even beon near the firing
In these days of world welter, when
millions of slaves are taken from productive lines und set nt the laudable task of
butchering and maiming each other nnd
destroying everything that comes within their reach, the condition of the labor market becomes somewhat more
favorable, from the standpoint of the
slaves, who must sell their labor powor
in order to exist. Under such circumstances it may bc possible to force an
ndvance here nnd there through united
action for that purpose. A strike may
bring satisfactory results temporarily
to those who participate in it. Thi*;,
however, is due solely to the condition
of the market and not to nny especial
virtue attached to the precious right to
strike. And we should all remember
that nothing has ever been settled, or
can be settled, by such menus. Whether
a strike be lost or won to'either side
to the dispute, the slaves still remain
slaves and the masters still wield the
lash of exploitation over them.
The London Statist, n conservative
and influential flnnncial journal, predicts an unpleasant time fer thc idle
rich when the   workers   now   in   the
Any of you fellows thinking of doing
a bit of stealing? If you are, take a tip
from Tom Tluyton and go high, Don't
look at anything under five degrees,
anyway, though something in six figures
would be preferable. Of course, if it's
church honors you're after (a circuit-
stewardship, a trusteeship, or such like)
better hit the million mark. While, if
you must have sainthood, you'll have to
make it, at least, half-a-dozen millions.
Wo are prompted to tender this advice
oji rending about Thomas Kelly, the
millionaire contractor of Winnipeg.
You may remember that he was sentenced to two and a half years some
timo ago, for attending a rather important stealing party at the Manitoba parliament house. Well, it seems he didn't
have to servo thnt time, or anything like
it. He's one of the blg-flguro men, you
see. He's out this long whilo, and thoy
say he's having a real good time with
his money.
Talking of stealing, those United
States fuke war charity people are getting away with tidy sums. District At
torney. Swanu says they have made be
tween two and three million dollars out
of New York^ alone. After thc little
mix-up in Europe is over, and they must
necessarily, relinquish their activities,
they will, fortunately, be able to retire
to lives of leisured ease, in which they
mny enjoy the Now York and Floridu
seasons, in thoir turns, and the cultured
companionship of the elite Four Hundred.
«   *   »
And there are other people in tho
States who'll simply hate when the war
'- onded. At Chicago, tho federal grand
jury investigating the graft in tho operations of the local brunch of thc aircraft board, finds "that since last fall,
and until a fow months ngo, money
flowed liko water from tho local offices,
and that rich men's sons, without qauli-
flcations, were given high-salaried positions as inspectors." Then take Armour, Swift, Cudahy, Morris and Wilson, thc moat packers. The federal trade
commission -reportod to the senate, a
few days ago, that these esteemed gentlemen stole $140,000,000 during the
yours 1015, 1016 nud 1917—or $28,000,-
000 apiece, if they shared up in n comradely spirit. And we mustn't overlook
the six chief oftlcials of tho American
Metal Compnny who, whilo opportunity
did not allow tbem to get into tho Armour clnss, still managed to grab useful
little sunis ranging from $136,533 to
*   »   •
Verily, when it comes to stealing,
we've got to hand it to the plutes every
time. They flock to a graft like so
many buzzards to a rotten carcase They
guzzle until the last shred of putridity
1 "   entered their distended maws; and
Shoe Bargain
for Men at
REGULAR $8.00 to $10.00 VALUES
Wc defy you to flnd Shoe value like this in the eity—or even
get near it. We got a substantial price concession when we
purchased 600 pairs when the Just Wright Shoe Company
closed their Northwest distributing depot, or the price we quote
would bc impracticable. These same shoes are worth $5.95 at
wholesale today. Here in several different lasts, mostly in gunmetal calf and vici kid. All sizes. July Sale Price, pair $5.95
Men's Regular $5.00 Gunmetal Blucher Boots, $3.75
This is a genuinely smart boot, suitablo for best or everyday
wear.   Made on a neat last with medium weight sole and mat
top.   All sizes, 6 to 11.   July Sale Price $3.75
Men's $4.00 Baseball Boots, $1.65 Fair
Greatest bargains ever offered in tlie city in Baseball Boots.
Regulation professional calfskin baseball boots, with cleats.
Sizes 6% to 9.   July Sale Price, pair $1.65
It 70a haven't joined the Federated Labor I
Party, get in touch with Secrotary Trottor, '
Room 206, Labor Temple, or any of tho vice*
presidents throughout the province. ***
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
830 Qranvllle Street
619 Hastings Street Weit
The Name of Patriotic Fund Eovives
Memories of Cunning and
Brutal Junkerism
Amsterdam—Declaring that the mum*
of Genoral LudondorfC "to Gorman workers is BynotiymouB*with Pan-Gorman
ideas of peace by violence und with thc
postponement of those reforms In govornment whicli would socure iih liberty
ttt home," tlie trade union organizations
at Bielefeld, Germany, have refused to
join a local patrioltic committee in the
collection of money for the  "Ludon-
dorff Fund" for wounded soldiers.
Patronize B, C. Federatlonist advertisers, und tell them why you do so.
armies return to tnko stock of conditions. "If the well-to-do think only
of profiteering nnd trusting to tlieir
usual good fortune when the war is
over," says Ihe Statist, "then the
young men who have to leave all civil
employments in such vast multitudes
will perforce have to tok-c the mutter
into their own hands, and they will
have both the man power and the voting power to carry them through. "To
begin with, the men at the front hnve
gone through an experience which will
never bc effaced, however long they
may live. And they have seen that,
whereas nearly the whole lighting manhood has beon called up, the government of the idle rich is helpless, is absolutely unequal to use the great force
nt its disposal. . . , It is possible
that tho well-to-do are so thoughtless
tlmt they never try to figure themselvi
whut the condition of the poor will b
when tho war -ends?"
Sen Francisco—The compromise pro
position offered by the Waterfront Em
ployors Union, providing for a flat wago
scale of 80 cents an hour, nnd $1.20 an
hour for overtime for longshoremen, nnd
00 cents an hour and $1.35 nn hour for
overtime for coal heavers, has boen nc
cepted by the BiggerB nnd Stevedores
they ure just as filthy fcasters as their
feathered prototypes, lt surely doesn't
look as though peace will be declared
yet awhile, with so many people, influential in high quarters, still gluttoniz-
ing on blood-smeared dollars, uud slill
• a    a
They were right—those who hinted
that the Y. M. (J. A. hus a curd up its
sleeve. That "all or nothing" cry was
just so much bunkum—didn't amount to
a row of pins, so far us the gallant canvass captains and their crews wore concerned. And the astute orgnuizors hud
no intention of giving anything bnck-^-
if they could got out of doing so. You
probably remarked how strangely ready
they were with a suggestion that an effort be made to persuude subscribers to
let them out of thoir agreemont to hand
back what they collected if they didn't
get tho fall nmount. So that's tho kind
of business morality tho association de-
Biros the privilego of implanting in the
future citizens of Vancoucer? Who
wouldn't sooner see his son roaming tho
streets, playing poker, or oven getting
into a certain amount of manly mischief, thnn knocking about an institution whero there is such infection?   The
j namo "Young Men's Camouflage Aca-
jdemy" seoms to suit—-nicely.
t t «
Those mean Winnipeg people don't
want to let tho nice coal profiteers profiteer. Isn't it a dirty shame*? They're
kicking up an awful fuss.. And they're
even accusing the good Union government of collusion with the mine owners.
As if thc people's representatives would
dream of doing anything detrimental to
tho wellbeing of thc people! The vory
According fo newspaper reports, thu
Hon. (and Rev.) Cody of Toronto is at
present engaged, with othor prominent
people, in tackling the question of eliminating German from the curricula of
the high schools und universities of Ontario, Off to your grave, Shade of Canute, nnd henceforth lie in peace. There
is no need for you to rise from it again.
Thoro are sublimcr idiots upon this
enrth today, You but tried to restrain
the son; they would hold back the rifling tido of knowledge What? You
laugh at thom! By heck, they are indeed disgraced to all posterity.
Thoy had an Egg Day in England recently, lt was gotten up to let people
know how necessary a steady supply of
eggs is to tho wolfare of tho increasing
numbers of wounded. It seems a million arc required each weok. They must
be eating eggs, of course, nnd bo tho
golden nest-oggs of the profiteering
plutes are not to bo disturbed.
• *   «
"Boston, June 30.--Onc of tho great-
est problems of tho ages may have been
solved here late yesterday, when Guru-
bed T. E. Giragossian, an Armenian inventor, demonstrated 'Gnrabed,' an apparatus by which ho claims unlimited
energy may be taken from thc air. The
result of the test of thc invention is being guarded with the greatest secrecy."
Do you twig any significance in that
last sentence? Sounds kind of plutocratic to us. Seems to say that the Big
Pots are seeing whether the nature of
the apparatus ennnot be kept a secret
in tlieir interests. But perhaps we're
wronging the poor dears, Maybe such
il thought never entered their heads.
We Bnid maybe.
• «t
Dr. Marsden Manson writes nn article
in Science to prove that tho world is
growing warmer. If we were writing
s,ich an article, we'd go much further
than ho did. Wo'd sny that this old
world of ourB—of the plutOB, we mens—
ts getting moro and moro like hell every
day. We'd point out tbnt it would be
difficult to conceive of a hell any hotter
than Europe has become. And, while
we wore on the subject, we'd add that
there aro a lot of people running things
who could give His Satanic Majesty
pointers on deviltry.
Phone Seymour 7160
Thirl Floor. World Building
—The only Union Shop in Vancouver—
of the statement that oar Office Supplies
end Stationers' Sundries itock Ie tke best
In B. C. Come In end look as overt
Delivered to and from all trains,
boats, hotels and residences
Piano Moving
Phone u du ot night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
sn- *m*a
Union Station
Mined on Pacific Cout
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Fati. 8800       1629 Main Street
flrat nnd third Thursday*. Executive
board; Presidont Q. J. Kelly; vice-president,
F. W. Welsh; secretary and business agent,
V. R. Midgley; treasurer, P. Knowles; eer-
feant-at-anna, J. F. Poole; trustees: J. H.
McVoty, W. R. Trotter, A. J. Crawford, P.
A. Hoover.
Meets eecond Monday in the month, Preeldent,  Oeo. Bartley;   eeorettry,   R.  H.  Nee-
lands, P.O. Bog 66.	
 America) Loeal No. IliH-
second and  foarth Tuesday! la Ue
Room 20R   !.»>.«- *—■■
JOURNEYMEN      —„««««-       iflT.
tlonal Union of Amorica, Loeal No.
Meete  second  and  foarth  Tuesday! IB  Ike
month, Room 206, Labor Temple.   President,
L. E. Herrltt; eecretary, 8. H. Grant. 1671
Alberni etreet.
 try, u. Thom: recording aeeretary,   J.   R,   Campbell;    business   agent,
Walter Thomas, Room <■"»*   *■-*-- "* -   *
Phone   Sey.   7*05,
. Grants 1671
No, 617—Meete every second and fourth
Monday evening, 8 p.m., Labor Temple.
President, It. W. Hatley, phon* ■"•*'• onftn, ■
" ' G. Thorn;
L     -.»«.,
Labor Temple.
and Iron Skip Builders  and Helpera of
America, Vancouver Lodge No.  194—lleeta
every Motaday, 6 p.m. President, M. A. Mc-
Eacbern, 1345 Alberni St.; a acre tary-treasurer, Angus Fraser, 1151 Howe St.; business
agent, J. H. Cermicfaeei, Aoomi 212, Labor
Loal 28—Moots every first Wednesday in
tlio immth ut 2.90 p.m. and every lliift
Wednesday in the month at 9.80 p.m. President, Hurry Wood; secretary and buslncsr
.gent, W. Mackenzie, Room 209 Lsbor Tern*
dent,  Harry  Wood
■»?eht, W. Mackensle,
Phono Soy. 1081.
12 noon; a to S mn.
Office hours:   11 to
Openning Engineers, Local No. 620—
Meets every Monday, 7.80 p.m., Labor
Templo. Prosldent, J. R. Flynn, 810 Moodle
street, New Westminster; vice-president, D.
liodp'S; secretary-treasurer and business
agent, W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor
Tomplo,    Phone Soy. 7496.
—Meets in Room 206, Labor Tomple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. Preaident, D. W.
MeDougall, 1162 Powell atreet;
secretary, John Murdock,
financial aeoretary and business agen
Morrison, Hoom 207 Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 8862—Offlce and hall, 804
Pender street west.. Meeta every Friday,
$ p.u). Secretary-treasurer, F. Chapman;
business agent. L.   Marsh
LOCAL    88-52,
and      Freight
Secretary and bgsinosa agent E Winch
...wkw Horaraen's Union, No. 648—MeeU
flrst and third Tuesdays of each month,
Labor Temple, 8 p.m. Preeldent, B. W.
Lane; rocordlng secretary, E, Lofting; financial secretary and business agent, T. W. Anderson, 587 Homer atreet.
Refined Service
Ooe Block weat of Court Houie
[Ta© of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Telephone Beymour 8416
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Fine Creamy Lather
ul Doei Not Dry on the Face
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Blinofaetwed in Brlttih OttamMa
America     (Vancouver     and     vicinity)—
itr«nrti  meeti.   second and  fourth   Mondays,
Room   204,   Lnbor   Temple.    President,   -T
Euclid   Ave.,    Collingwood
financial secretary and business agent, H. 8.
Nlghtsoales, 270—56th Avo East, South Van
couver;   recording  secretary
land,   U247  Point  Grey   road
view 2P79L - ¥
E.   Westmore-
Phone   Bay-
Riggers, I. L. A., Local Union 88A, Series
5—Meets tho 2nd and 4th Fridays of the
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, J.
Sully; financial eecretary, M. A. Phelps;
business agent and corresponding secretary,
W. Hardy. Office, Room 210-220, Labor
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell;
treasurer, K. S. Cleveland; recording secretary ,A. V. Lofting, 2561 Trinity street,
Phone High. 168R; financial aeoretary and
business agent, Fred. A. Hoover, 2400 Clark
drive, office corner Prior and Main streets.
America, Local No, 178—Meetings held
first Monday In each month, 8 p.m. President, A. R. Oatenby; vice-president, W.
Larsen; recording secretary, W. W. Hocken,
Box 603; financial secretary, T. Wood, P.O.
Box 608.	
fcurs' Union, Locnl No. 6,ri5—Moots every
2nd nud -lth Wednesdays 8 p.m. Prcsjdcnt,
W. J, Brown; business agent, * "
-I HI Twenty-first avenue enst.
716R) financial secretary, H
1070 Robson street. Phone Sey. 5679.
Offloo, r>«7 Homer -	
F.  Poole,
Phone   Fair.
mr street.
si. e! srt S!i.-S* Tnth ** 3 P•»■ >S
Jordan< :«BS?"h*a1I[ *wpWiMent, W. H.
Jordan; secretary-treaaurer, R. H. Neelanda,
annual convention in January.    Execntive
officers,   1918-10:  President, Duncan McCal- i
lum,   Labor Temple',   Vancouver;   vice-presidents—Vancouver    Island,     Walter    Head,
South Wellington; Victoria, J, Taylor; Prince
Rupert,   W.   E.   Thompson;   Vancouver,   E.
Winch, W. It, Trotter; Now Westminster, P.
Peebles;   Weet   Kootenay,   Marcus   Martin,
Nelson;   Crows Nest Pass, W. A.  Sherman,
Fernle.    fiecretary-trensuror, A,    8.    Wella, '
Lnbor  Temple,   405   Dunsmuir street,   Van* ,
couver, B, C.
Labor Council---Meets flrst and third Wed*
uusdays,   KnighlB   of   Pythias   Hall,   North
l'nrk street, ut 8 p.m.    President,  B.   Sim- I
inons;  vice-president,   T.   Dooley;   secretary- |
treasurer, Christian Slverti, n   "   ""~
Victoria, B. C.
, P. O. Box 802,
Conncil—Meeta second and fourth  Toes* \
daya  of  each  month,  In  Carponters'   hall.
President, 8. P. Macdonald; secretary, W. B,
Thompson, Box 278, Prince Rnpert, B. O.
LOCAL UNION, NO. 873, 0. M. W. of A.-
Meets second and fourth Sundays of each t
montk, at 8:80 p.m., Richards Hall. Preal*
dent, Walter Head; vice-president, Andre*
Parker; recording secretary, Jamea Bateau;
Snanolal secretary, W. Macdonald; treaiurer, J. H. Richardson. FBIDAT. July 6, 1918
Bungalow Nets, Voiles and
For Summer Window Draperies
The most popular curtain material of today. Economical, serviceable and washable. Shown in a
wide range of patterns in shades of ecru, ivory and
white. The new arrivals, just to hand, show very
pleasing filet and allover patterns in very choice designs. We'd like to show you this summer stock.
The prices are all money savers. Per yard, 25c up
to $1.00.
50 Pairs Novelty Voile Curtains
With dainty edgings; avery pleasing curtain for bedroom windows in colors of ivory and white. Special
value, $1.50 per pair. 	
Canada Food Board Licenses.: No. 6,1482—No. 8,14590
Granville and Georgia Streets
Canadian Northern Railway
lowest Possible Passenger Fares
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendants
Trarel Comfort
Consult Our Nearest Agent or Write
Telephone Seymour 3482
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law WiU Allow
We Deserve Trade Union Patronage
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St. West, or 622 Pender West
United Railways Company
Makes Desperate Attempt
to Retain Franchise
The recent incident is St Louis is
connection with tho fraublae of the
United Railways of Out eity ihould
convince even thoie fataotu-minded
persons who believo that corporations
never go outside of the lsw to ae-
complish their own ends, that nothing
ia sacred where the wolfare of corporation wealth is concerned.
The United Railways applied for a
renewal of their franchise for 31 years
and the city council granted it in spite
of the overwhelming sentiment for
municipal ownership of the car line,
Tho Central Labor Council immediately secured tho required number of
signatures—two por cent, of the voters
—to postpouo action until enough signatures could be secured to place an
initiative measure beforo thc people.
The campaign for thc measure was
successful, and three days before the
end of the time limit, almost enough
signatures had been secured to place
the quostion of the franchise beforc
the voters.
The lists were kept in the safe of
the Painters Union. On tho night of
the third day before the end of the
campaign, tho safe was blown and the
petitions stolen.
Nothing daunted the Central Labor
Council, and thoy renewed the campaign with increased vigor and before
their time was up had again more than
the necessary number of signers, and
the question of who will own the street
railway, the United Railways or the
citizens of St. Louis.
In thc meanwhile, the tools of the
street car company who robbed tho
Paintors safe have been apprehended
and their startling admissions involve
somo of the most prominent corporation heads in St. Louis. We-recite this
incident to prove that special privilege
is not willing to rest its caso with the
peoplo or even to abide by the laws
that have lysen mude through their paid
tools in city councils and legislatures.—
Butte Bulletin.
■ *' Wasting
vital energy
•this s n cmin.na •> *• m. • ass.
<__mV?__________?£. I
Meat Cutters'
and Butchers'
Union, No. 643
Where you see the above
card displayed it means:
Fairplay to Workers
Contented Merchants
Satisfied Customers
Let your motto be:
- CAFE -
under new management
156 Hastings Street West
Phone Sey. 936
Defective eyes impose the
most severe strain opon tbe
muscles and ao npan the power
stations in the brain.   Theie de-
Sletei nerve eentrea aro, then-
ore, unable to deliver to the various organs tbelr proper supply of
vital force.
As long aB sufficient power is
dovolopod In tho body this atraln
is not definitely felt, but upon the
wano of tho physical strength as
whon old age approaches, and after
long periods of overwork, when the
vitality Is at low ebb, the weakest
organs succumb. They are tmablo
to function properly for lack of
motive force and the rosult Is a
derangement of liver, kidneys and
stomach, and general nervous
The romedy for defective eyes
Is simple, thanks to the advance
of modern scjenco. Looses, focusing the light correctly and ao
taking the strain from tha eye-
muscles and nerve centres. . . .
this Is tho only remedy. It Is a
matter of mechanics and mathematics—not medicine. My profession
is tho study of tho eye—optome-
trlcal examination and the grinding
of lenses to romedy eya defects.
My foes are moderate.
Seymour 1993
Granville Optical Oo.
Below Drysdale'a
New Tactics Meeting with Very Remarkable Success—Lahor
in Business
Organized labor in Butte, Mont,, hog
been compelled to adopt somewhat now
tactics in its fight with prolitoors.
Plumbers and Electrical Workers, who
were recently locked out by contractors,
started in business for themselves by organizing a co-operative contracting company, ond have met with remarkable
success. Organized labor has also gone
into the coal businoss, because of the
exorbitant prices charged, and is now
selling moro coal than any other firm in
the city. It is also going into the cooperative laundry business, and has a
new building all ready and the latest
machinery is now being installed. On
top of all this labor will hove its own
daily newspapor, starting August 1.
Trade Union Movement Is
Expression of Workers'
The genesis and, evolution of the
trades union movement is merely an organized expression of thc discontent of
Federationist  and  Special
Committee Assists Compensation Board
The value of the special committee
appointed by the B. O. Federation of
Labor to deal with Workmen 'a Compensation Act questions, and the B. C.
Federationist, is fully demonstrated by
the following letter which has been re*
ocived by J. H. McVety, chairman of
the special committee:
Mr. J. H. McVety,
B. C. Federation of Labor.
Dear Sir:—
Be R. Garner—Claim 18866.
Pleast accept our thanks for advice
as to address of the above workman, to
whom we have forwarded cheque, which
hsd previously been returned by the
post offlce.
* On account of your courtesy in pub*
lishing the list of workmen who had
clumped their addresses, we have been
enabled to forward cheques to a con*
siderable number of men.
Highly appreciating your courtosy in
this connection,
We are very truly yours,
F. W. fflNSDALE,
The man Garner is now serving in the
military forces, and saw the list of
names in the Federationitt two week)
tho wage earners with the conditions IS" "S.1S&S th5,mana|!SI,of tt!
under which they worked nnd lived.       J?*^'„!ScI,?sln* ¥' "ddr?1 *   The fg*
The changing-mode   of   production,faS*fK tn^wThaf hi
\.^_Z___j^Xd-'mS^S± oAf0tthCeTntS-or P*
A<,a,a,n fl* «.-•» f.njAD ,.ninnn 3 rm.* m possession of the information.
That co-operation between organized
Tou owe it to younolf to economist)
Would you comlder It economicl to
liurchaso Teas and Coffoea in tine
when you may havo the aame valuo
from our atore at a   much   reduced
We Sell ln Bulk Only
Dickson's Teas and  Coffees Are  of
Exceptional Value
Dickson's Importing
Tea and Coffee
317 Columbia St, Phone Sey. 613
Taste is the Test
Of the Drinks that are Best
Because they are equal or better than any other similar products, let
them come from where they may
Cascade Beer
Alexandra Stout
Soda Water
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
[By Tom Dooley]
Tuesday morning found the city very
quiet, without the cars. Wo missed the
usual noise. About the only noise we
have in Victoria. Tho shipyards aro
about dead; tho Allies don't want any
moro ships, and there is no effort to lay
any more keels, aad they aro laying
plenty of men off, so I judgo tho war is
about ovor.
I am about fed up with tho working
mun. Ko ia a very dissatisfied cusb.
There aeema to havo been found no way
of persuading him that the last thing
he should do is strike. Just as things
wero looking all right, the car men kick
ovor tho traces, aud that is not the
worst. Here am I, walking about four
miles to work and four miles back. Having to buy a meal in town which, of
course, costs mo moro than I would
havo to pay at home, and thon to add
insult to injury, I got a phone message
from the strike committeo requesting
my daughtor and I to sing and danco
ut a concert they are holding to holp
to cheer the boys up. Well, of courso,
we both consented. What else could we
do? It is a pity that we huve got to
put up with those inconveniences. These
workingmen are becoming a blooming
nuisance. Thoy get my goat. Could
uny of your readers make a suggestion
how wo might do away with them?
They aro tho cause of all tho trouble.
It' we could do away with the working-
man, then tho workingman would not
bc the cause of tho trouble, but tho need
for thom might. Well, during the shipyard strike, wo had a lot of frothy-
mouthed patriots, who roared like a lot
of bulls, and at tho samo time peddled
quite a lot of bull by saying that they
would go down to tho shipyards und
help to build ships, knowing full woll
that thoy wore iucapablo of fllling the
bill. There is an opportunity now for
these individuals to show what they aro
mado of. Most of them own motor cars,
and I would suggest that they ply their
cars i'oi hire ami give all the proc-vids
to the Red Cross. What? you will say,
give all to tho Bed Cross, and not deduct anything for gasoline or wear nnd
tour of tyres? I say yes. And if they
nre patriotic, they can well afford to do
it. My daughter and I have given our
services ever Bince the wur began; never
refused onco; bought, our own music,
make-up and character clothing and
never asked a eent (nnd never received
a cent), nnd we nre not supposed to be
patriotic). Now, tho engineers are talk
ing about striking for an oight-hour
day. Think of it, engineers asking fer
an eight-hour duy? Tho thing is pro-
postorous. What wouid tho engineer do
with an oight-hour day? Men thai hnvo
been used to working 12 nnd 13 hours,
seven dnys a woek. This is going tin
limit. Now, I have a grievance here,
too. If the engineers have to go on
strike, they will go on the first of August, and by that lime the car men will
havo won out and the curs will be run
ning full speed. This is my grievance:
The cars ure not running now, and be
ing an engineer I am in work, and have
a few dollars und enn afford to puy my
carfare, but the curs are not running,
because the eur men aio on strike. But
if we go on strike, I will live no money
to pay my fare, so I will have to walk.
Could thoro bo no way of arranging it
so that all these things could happen
together, uud not give the public, the
omploycT uud ourselves so much inconvenience. I think it could, becnuse this
wny ia out of.date long ago.
Chicngo—Ten cents an hour wuge incrense over tho rato established -Tunc 1,
1013, for all membera of Division No.
215, omployeoa of tho Aurora, Elgin &
Chicago Railway, was established
through negotiations. The now wage
becomo offectivo Juno 1, 1018, On all
city lines regular men will receive 10
per cent, additional for overtime. The
wagos range from 33 to 46 cents per
Womon meter readers are being put
on by thc Seattle Lighting Company to
replace men, and young women messengers aro being used by the Wostorn
Union in the larger ofllce buildings of
tho city.
Tho Australian governmont has opened a plant for tho manufacture of artificial limbs for returned aoldierB in Victoria, and plans to establish factories in
each of the other cities.
development of the trades unions. Tho
skilled craftsmen found themselves
crowded into tho borderland of the unskilled trades. Men and women have
been compelled to organize, to maintain a decent standard of living. They
have discovered that it is good business
to collectively bargain for the wages
they receive.
The skilled craftsman learned that it
wasn't so much his skill which determined his wages, as the price of labor
in a competitive market.
Men and women have discovered that
thero is a nominal wago and a real
wago. The nominal wage is thc one received in currency, and tho real wage
is the amount of commodities this currency will buy.
Th'e nearest approach to industrial
peaco is the mutual ngreement entered
into between employees and employer,
covering wages and conditions, for a
limited period. Commodities have increased in price so rapidly in recent
yenrs the grout labor organizations aro
limiting these periods of temporary industrial peace to a minimum.
Wnge earners tho world over nro obtaining better education. With a better understanding of citizenship, and
their valuo in society, they are de
manding better standarda of living.
Tho Trades Union Movement protects
tho nominal wage. As yet the workers
.have not managed to protect the real
wago to any great extent. It is perhaps
at thia point, more than at any other
that the workera havo turned toward
poliical action.
Modern organizations of capital have
consciously or unconsciously, been
sitting on tho safety-valves of evolution. The result is, that wage-earners
the world over aro looking to political
"Art" Pianos
At tie Factory—"No good enough" impression it allowed to prevail for tho only criterion is perfection, and
that lofty ideal is sedulously and unremittingly pursued.
During the past year the departments havo boon completely remodelled and modernized, bo that, at the present time,
tho Bell Company possesses ono of the most thoroughly
equipped factories lu the world for tho production of
Pianos of the highest class. It is the determination of
the management to utitizo with vigor new conceptions in
tho science of Piano construction, and to enhance by constant improvement the already wido reputation which the
Bell Piano enjoys.
During tho past 18 years wo have sold eeveral thousand
Bell instruments la Britlah Oolumhja, and not ono single
fuiluro owing to poor workmanship or material.
AU new Bell "Art" Pianos contain the famous Bell
tone sustaining frame.
__B_^3^_1 -H'E
PIANO HOUSE II? ma"""*- St.
b-bor and tho Workmen's Compensation
Act Commission wonld bring results
must be apparent, and the board has
already expressed the opinion that if
men who are members of trades unions
would get their officers to aee that their
claims are properly filled oat, and other
matters of adjustment left to them,
that the beat results would be obtained,
and in expressing this  opinion,   they
have given as instances, the Longshore-
mon and the Minors, who handle
enses for their membera.
Nome, Alaska—Notwithstanding the
fact that hundreds of men are out of
work here, the mine owners aro sending
out reports that work is plentiful. Tho
members of the* Mine Workers Union is
still on strike for recognition and tho
enforcement of tho genoral oight-hour
Washington—That Japan will be a
permanent competitor of the United
States and Great Britain for Latin-
American trade, was indicated horo to-
duy with the announcement of tho opening of a Japanese bank at Buenos
Aires. *
Walkout Was A«fimiwg serious Proportions and a Speedy Settlement
Was Effected
Amos Stewart, the "spotter" employed in the Weston shops of the C.
F. R. at Winnipeg, has been removed
from the machino shops after a walkout of machinists employed at Winnipeg, Mooso Jaw, Souris and Nelson, B.
C, and a threatened walkout at other
places. A satisfactory settlement was
arrived at lato Friday. All omployoes
who went out will be given thoir old
piacea back. Representatives of the
mon from Moose Jaw, Calgary and
Revelstoke, mot in Winnipeg with the
superintendent of motive power, and arranged for a settlement of the difficulty.
The man was a former member of the
union, and acted as a spotter during
troubles with the company.
San Francisco—Electrical Workers ia
the employ of the Great Western Power
Company have been given an increase
of SO eents per day for employees working by tho day and increases of $16 and
$20 per month for certain employees
working by the month. The now minimum for all journeymen, except cable
splicers, is to bo $5.80 per day and $6,80
per day for cable splicers. Negotiations
with othor companies are in progress,
and this agreement may serve as the
basis for a general settlement with all
the companies employing electrical workers.
Butte, Mont,—AU teamsters and
truck drivers coming under the jurisdiction of the Teamsters Union will bo
granted eight hours, double timo for
overtime and 10 per eent. increase in
Butte, Mont.—Negotiations with the
employers resulted in an understanding
being reached whereby the members of
tho Clerks Union will be conceded an 8-
hour day and a 10 per cent, advance in
power, to supplement economic pow
for thc purposo of establishing standards of living for tho workers, to
which they consider they oro entitled.
Industrinl penco predicates contentment of employees with the terms of
thoir employment. Such a condition is
devoutly wished by many. But und* rly.
ing it is tho quostion: What terms will
satisfy tho wage-earners, whose aspirations for n better lifo for themselves
and families uro not stationary, but progress onward year by year, with the enlightenment from education and the
growth of their economic and politicnl
power.—Tho Tailor.
Onco upon a time history spread itsolf out before a modern Wage Worker.
As the Wage Worker gazed upon History, he was surprised to aeo an ancient
Chattel Slave step out.
Ho thought he must bo dreaming,
but was reassured whon tho Chattel
Slavo made u low bow, and, speaking
humbly, inquired if he had a kind master, and a contented lot.
"Tea," tho Wuge Worker replied,
"I hnvo a very good master, who gives
mp work in his factory when work is
plentiful. I make goods for him to sell
and receive wages with which I buy
food, clothing, and shelter."
"And when work ia not plentiful,
what do you do then?" asked the Phut
tol Slave.
"Oh, then I om turned adrift," replied the Wage Workor. "I have to
shift for myself then and nobody oaros
for mo. I often go hungry when there
is no work for mo."
"I see," said tho Chattel Slave,
"you are left to starve. I have a master, but ho dooan'l treat tne like that.
I toil to produce for him, ami he owns
mo and all I produce, But when there
is no work to do, he still hus to feed
and keep me in good health."
"You are n slave, then," said tho
Wage Worker; "how sod yonr lot
must bc!"
"Yes," replied the Chattel, "I nm a
slavo, body uud soul, but I long for
freedom, and with others of my class
am always fighting lho masters'tn obtain it. You «ee, wo ure bought und
sold for life by our masters, but we hate
tho system undof which this in done.''
"How horrlblo," aaid tho Wage
Worker, "thank gooduoss I am free. J
only sell myself from duy t^> duy, or
from week to week, luit I enn voto at
parliamentary elections, chnnge the
Government, and alter the system under whieh I work if I choose to do sr)."
"Bui why do you continuo to work
for a master und give him nil you produco, if you eau vote for something
bettor?"' asked tho Chuttel. "You
say your freedom aud welfare lie in
your own hands, yol you apparently
continue to vote for n continuation of
your Bubjocllon. Aro you not a baser
slave than I, who, at lettst, nm nn unwilling slave?"
Tho Wage Worker grew red iu the
face und angry wilh the ancient one.
Ho declared that tho Chtiroh, the Prtjss
aud tho Vast Majority aro in favor of
tho present system, and ho couldn't
think such venerable Institutions could
bo wrong. "It is sheer Socialism to
doubt them," he said.
So he turned his Imck upon History,
aud refused to look at it again.
Win in Australian Worker,
At the
Factory Sale of Shoes
Pleasing Bargains in Quality Footwear
Pumps, to $7.00 Values
Sale Price $4.35
are seven models to choose from—pal
kid aud
calf, perfectly plain or Colonial styles,
ir walking heels and flexible soles.
Men's $9.00 Boots
Sale Price $6.45
or fino
lasts o
may select from seven distinct styles—ma-
Malay and nigger browns, or black; calf
kid; neolin or leather soles; smart English
conservative styles.    Your boot is here.
Factory Prices in White Footwear
Women's White Canvas Oxfords—Goody
ber solo ond hool; regular $i.25.
Solo prloo	
Womon's White Canvas Boots—doodyoa
solo and 1 1; regular *4.50.
Salt* price	
Women's Whito Canvas Walking Boots— Iv
Regular price, $5.00.
Halo price	
Women's Three-strap Slippers—Hegular $3.60,
Sale  price  	
yeltj rubber
■Ivory sole.
High Top Whito divas Boot—With rubb.
sole and spring hool.   Price	
Women's Cream Reign skin Boot—Cover
aluminum plnte;   regular $7.50,
Sale prico	
Women's White Canvas Pumps—Leather
Regular *3.50,
Sale prico	
Friday and Saturday
id hool, .villi
iolo nnd hoi I.
Women's $lfi.00 Boots
Sale Price $9.35
'rom tho modish SVjdnoli laood top I" tho
of thc gracefully long too there is style and
ilion In every lino of tii
Ids, so popular at I lie pr
ever Fifth nvei	
time with smnrtly
i, combination aud
Women's $10.00 Boots
Sale Price $5.65
re nre many distinctive models to select
Russian calf Sport und Dress Boots, Mahoganj
Hoots,   French   Kid   Dress   Hoots,   Wl
and two tone combinations In grey, maiz
> nnd
,   Evory one ropresonts a $10 valuo ns
in llu
shop windows dnily.
H "The Home of Good Shoes"
1649 HASTINGS. W.   Near Granville.
FBIDAY... ...July 6, 1918
The Pioneer Union Store
153 Hastings St. W.
Ideal Summer
have so much to say
about   these   summer er-
clothes made by
Hart Schaffner
& Marx
is because we can give
you men* so much satisfaction with them.
They fit, keep shape;
they're cool, stylish; they
wear well; they're guaranteed to satisfy—you can't
say that about most summer
clothes—and they're priced
$30 and $35
$15 to $30
Copyright Hut ScUtef IiMin
Employers Quickly Agree to
Wage Demands and
Eight Hours
The Steam and Operating Engineers
are making splendid progress in the
Btrike for the eight-hour day. Tho demand for time and a half for overtime
for tho seventh day met with some
opposition from firms who are obliged
to keep their plants running continuously, but most of them have agreed to
the demands because to close down tho
plant will meun the elimination of tho
surplus profits whieh the workers produce.
Business Agent Alexander states that
many of thc members are disuppointed
with having tfach un ensy victory, and
it wbb quite a job to gut some of the
men, back to work nfter a day or
two holiday, as they wero figuring
on a long drawn out struggle. Tho engineers are of thc opinion that they
should have got together years ago to
put through the eight-hour day.
International Vice-president Wm.
Mackenzie curao up from Portland, Ore.,
to assist in the fight, but hus returned
because thc local officers have the situation so well in hand.
Applications for membership in the
local are coming in from all quurters
and Local <i20, Steam und Operating
Engineers, can now be placed upon the
map us one of the largest labor unions
in the province.
Farm's Real ' 'Potato Patch"
Says the Surrey (White Rock) correspondent of Saturday's Daily Province:
"R. P. Pettipiece ,who has been identified with the Labor movement in British Columbia for some twenty years,
thc last eight of which he wns manager
of The B. C. Federationist at Vancouver
is now spending a good deul of his time
here. He is ussociated with his brother-
in-law, Wm. Biclby, in a farm, purchased three years ago from Mrs. Roper,
sr., located at the mouth of Campbell
River, about u mile and a half from
hore. Mr. Pettipiece intends to move
with hia family to thc farm next
From Port Arthur, Ont., conies the
good news thut the wuge question nt
tho Port Arthur shipbuilding plant,
which hns been threatening trouble for
some time, wus settled by the adoption
of u schedule of nine hours work, for
no less thnn ten hours pay.
Winnipeg—The General Laborers
Union lias added seventy to its membership during the past two weeks.
President Magnusson stated that the
strength is now 500, and that the now
business agent, J* H. Maekall, was giving splendid results in the matter of
Some Sunshine and Social Amenities at
Thorley Park
There is at least ono pnrk where the
Labor Party can "hold forth" in Vancouver, and full advantage taken of this
on Dominion Day, when with well-filled
"baskets," a goodly crowd of members
spread themselves around the beach and
under the trees to defeat thc efforts of
tho food controller for just one day.
There were some dubious ladies when
the baskets were opened, and tho contents were transferred' to the cloths,
but when thc party ''fell to" around
the tables, a very few minutes sufficed
to put those viands beyond any fear of
"Charlie" Lestor, squatted like an
advertisement for Nabob tea, didn't
have time to taik—and that's some testimony. In fact thc talkfest which had
been planned, had to be delayed for
quite a while to give him a chance to
"come back." He eventually recovered
sufficiently to be able to tell a "bull
story," and knowing that Charlie was
himself again, the crowd breathed freely
and listened while he and J. Dennis
pointed n few morals and adorned a few
Back among the trees could bo heard
the sonorous tones of nnother speaker
solemnly informing his hearers that "at
the judgment dny they would be revealed in all their nakedness." With so
many improvised tents and shelters
around for the accommodation of bathers, this sounded horribly like blackmail, but it did not prevent the Labor
speakers from insisting thnt a judgment
day was looming up in tho not so distant future, and Lestor said ho would
just for a little while, like to be the
judge. He'd liko to try Nicholas Romanoff as a starter.
Nothing "High-Souled" in
Deals Between Nations
Now Exposed
Much Appreciation Being. Shown by the
Regular Audience at Sunday
Evening Meetings
Introduced us uu innovation for the
Labor Pnrty meetings on Sundny evenings, the organ recital before the spenking und during the evening, hns proved
to be an asset. With n magnificent or-
gnu, und the foremost of players, there
is nothing of the cheap nature about
these recitals, l.ust Sunday, in the nb*
sence of Mr. .Tulinn Haywood on holi-
duy, the position at the organ was ably
filled by Mr. Herbert Watson, who will
preside ngnin next Sundny evening. The
programme will bc us follows, nnd begins nt 7:30 p. m., speaker nt 8 p. m.
Music ngnin in interval: Selection,
"Mcrrio Englnnd;" waltz, "Salome;"
variations, "Jerusalem the Golden;"
mnrch, "Over tho Top;" selection,
"The Bosnryj" selection, •'Quaker
SuitS for
Summer Wear
Moderately Priced
«J)lo and up
Thos. Foster
& Co., Ltd.
514 Granville Street
Local 280, Sheet Metal Workers
At our regular meeting, hold June 27,
We wish to report u well-attended meeting, initiated three members, nnd after
the regular routine of business, eleetion
of officers was held, with very keen
competition for nil ofiie.es. The'following members recoived the honors: President, James H. Btraohanj vice-president,
John Douglas; recording secrotary, A.
Fisher; corresponding secretary, W. H.
Burke; financial secretary, .T. M. Wol-
fer; trensuror, J, Diomo; conductor, Tt.
Ferric; warden, J, A. Cook; trustees, W.
Ii. Burke, J. W. Friend, A. J, Crawford.
delegates to Trades nnd Lnbor Council,
W. Burke, A. J. Crawford; delegates to
Metal Trades Council, J. W. Wolff, C.
W. Grafton, H. Sturdivant, J. 8trnchnn,
W. Burke, A. J. Crawford; delegates to
Northwest District Council, W. Burke)
A. J. Crawford,
After election and installation of officers, a delegation from the Bakers
Union was given permission to address
| the meeting, and after hearing the dele-
! Rations, our members have declared
thomsolves t«i assist tho bakers nnd demand union-made products.
Our membors have decided to hold n
picnic in the near future, nnd Bros.
Sturdivant lias been appointed on thc
cmniiiHtee. Herb, promises some very
strong coffee and near beer.
Hamilton, Ont.—Ono hundred and ten
employees of the Tlnrpor-l'resnail Company Went out on strike, protesting
ngninst. the discharge of a union official
who has been an active worker, The
strike lasted but one day, when the
discharged mnn was reinstated.
Patronize B, C, FederationiBt advertisers, and tell them why 701 do so.
Lestor Speaks of Revelation
Made By Bolsheviki
Last Sunday's meeting of the Federated Labor Party ut thc Rex theatre
was a surprise to even the most
sanguine ns regards attendance. Being
the eve of u holiday and tho weather
unimpeachable, und midsummer at that,
a small attendance might huve been nn
ticiputed. So far to the contrary was
thc situation that tho promoters of the
Rex meetings are satisfied that the
weekly Sanday meeting is now a per*
manent institution in this city.
Chas. Lestor had an important sub
ject and handled it well. Owing to
sickness Duncan McCallum was prevented from occupying the chair uud
Secretary Trotter took his pluce.
The speaker began with a reference
to perversion and misrepresentation
as a feature of the everyday press and
declared that "organized suppression
of the truth or the prevention of its
discovery" had long ugo become a fine
art. The Czar of Russia must hnve
been murdered at least sixty times and
thc new Bolsheviki government overthrown about two hundrod times, while
so often had Lonino and Trotsky been
"in flight" thut they must be fully
qualified Cor any flying corps.
Speaking of atrocities it would sure
ly have caused no surprise if half tho
population of Russia hnd been
slaughtered as thc musses of the people
hud been so kept in absolute ignorance
that chaos would unavoidably follow
uny upheaval in thut country. The responsibility, however, should be fairly
placed and when this was done tho history of Charles I of Englnnd bid fair
to be repeated.
The people of Russin demanded to
know what they had boen committed to
by their rulers and when Kercnsky took
hold of office ho wns nsked to reveal
the nature of the treaties mnde with
other nations. This, however, he refused to do and this refusal was probably one of tho leading features of the
Bolsheviki agitation which ultimately
succeeded. This left the Bolsheviki
leaders pledged to make known to the
people whut had been done in their
nnme—what agreements they were expected to live up to. They wanted to
be sure that while getting rid of one
tyranny they were not assisting to
stabilize a similar tyranny iu another
eountry. As Trotsky had stated "these
secret treaties wero deeds done in'the
dark" und it must bc the business of
the workers to lay bare these things
in the attempt to put an end to all
secret diplomacy.
It wus a remarkable thing that in nil
the trenties so fur exposed no mention
whutever was made of Belgium, although Belgium always appeared as the
stage reason for the war. In the shnps
of Italy it could be shown thnt substantial bribes in tho shape of new territory or territory otherwise governed
was promised for participation. Dul-
mutin,' Albania and all round the Adriatic were to become Italian possessions.
Another pointed thing was that in any
settlement that might follow the Allies
were to hold in check the influence of
the Vatican for tho benefit of the
Italian government. Much that hud occurred became intelligible when the existence of these provisions were mnde
The French government sought the
extension of power to the Rhine or the
establishment of n ncutrul zone on
what is at present alien territory.
Russia was to hnve. a "free" Dardanelles, while the British only looked for
unhindered expansion in Mesopotamia.
The speaker declared that the old
Russian diplomacy held the defeat nf
Roumania to be a desirable thing. To
Greece an offer was made of Turkish
und Albanian territory. A regular network of intrigue and connivance in secret while in the open thc ngents of
every government in conflict wero
preaching n holy wur and spenking of
the "high-souled" nature of tlie undertaking.
The Stockholm conference had been
prevented, but little mention hnd been
mude of the international conference
which mot ut Berne, Switzerland, whore,
according to a letter to Kerensky from
the ILissino representative nt Berne,
the "certain participants were: Jacques
Stern from tho Netherlands Bank,
Paris; Tuchmun from the Pnris branch
of tho Lloyd Bunk; Vurstenburg, director of the Gorman Discount Gesell-
schaft, also a director of the "Deutsche
Bunk" nnd a director of the Austrian
" Austro Bunk." Although the English
denied thnt thoy participated in th"
consultations, however, on the 2nd of
September (1917) Head-diroctor Boll of
the Lloyd Bunk nrrived here from London under the pretext of establishing
u brunch in Switzerland," This despatch has been reprinted among others
by the New York Evening Post. All
these things und many others transpired before the Bolsheviki (jot control
nnd what they learned left them with
little heart to fight when apparently
uny sueli uction would be tightening the
economic grip they were trying to
There eould be little doubt that the
Allies treated the late Czur's government with every respect and thnt they
were very cold to Kerensky at the
outset. Kerensky's troubles' were not
lessened by the fact that hundreds of
thousands of the soldiers were without
shoes and weapons. Some 16,000,000
hud been culled to the colors. Before
Kerensky's time the cry hnd been
"Ppace und Br.'iid!" nnd when Kerensky vowed adherence to nil trenties. and
KornilofT eventually restored the (loath
ponnlty und attempted to re-establish
the old disciplinary measures, the people
seethed with anger and with the fetir
of the thing they thought they hnd forever ended.
ln mnking the exposure of secret
treaties the Bolsheviki believed it to
bc in thc interests of nil workers of
every nation. Their literuture had been
the literature of Krnpotkin, Mnrx und
Tolstoi. They were educated, thnt js
where there was nny education to tho
internationalist nttitudc, and this must
Natural and White
Suits at
For Women and Misses
A splendid modelin
natural cotton rajah
is made with fancy
patch pockets, belt
and neat pointed collar. The skirt is gathered at back, has
patch pockets and
The Suits in white are
in repp, in smart belted styles, with plain
or pleated backs and
square patch pockets.
All sizes, $8.50 each.
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
bo understood or the Bolsheviki would
never bc understood^. One significant
thing wus that both the Allies and tho
Germnns were ugreed that the Bolsheviki wero "no good*"
What had happened in Russia waB
only the manifestation of forces which
were working throughout all human society, It wus the business of their opponents to charge all "unfortunate incidents" to the Bolsheviki, but tho
same people did not charge thc sume incidents to the governmont of tho
United States when similar things oc
eurred there.
Wise people would recognize the in-
evitnbility of the things which so
startled thc unitiated and govern
themselves accordingly. "Oh, Revolution!" said Mnrx, "Thou awaitest not
the well-timed day and hour. Thou
comest suddenly—bland nnd fatal as
the avalanche. The true soldior of thc
people accepts buttle wherever fortune
muy pluce him. Traitors and lukewarm
companions do not deter him. Though
conscious of defeat, he struggles still.
His victory lies in the futuro."
Whutever opinion might, be held of
the exposure of trenties by tho Bolshi*
viki, there could bo no doubt that it
hud helped forward the determination
that secret diplomacy must end. The
British Labor Purty laid this down us
a first principle of nny pence and President Wilson before U. S. Congress
stated us his first condition of a durable peace: "Open covenants of pence,
openly nrrived at, after which there
shnll be no private international understandings of any kind, but diplomacy
shall proceed always frankly and in the
public view."
Lahor Party Branches Making Progress
—Secretary Visits Powell
Last Sunday week the provincial secretary puid a visit to Powell River
where u good meeting wns held ia the
evening und a number of new members
enrolled. There is every hope of a real
live membership there, but the constant changing in tho personnel of the
workers is u drawback well undor*
tood. An effort will be made to include Powell River in a speakers' itinerary. This will not be so difficult if
meetings cun be successfully arranged
on thc Sundny nftcrnons.
Silverton Branch
Secretary Cavan reports progress in
that division und sends on remittance
to provincial account. The prospects
for u good sized local there are excellent, he says.
Hedley Branch
Vice-president Smith, in spite of such
difficulties ns only a working miner trying to do a lot of other things cnn understand, has been very successful in
thut section, us his remittance to hand
shows. Ho has his eye on one or two
other plnces in his district und will be
hoard from ngnin soon.
Prince Bupert
The people in this district huve never
lot up on the organizing work nnd are
doing tilings in n wuy that promises ;i
complete round up of wnge-workers in
thut neighborhood. Along with the
wage-worker there iB to be found si
number of others who ure glad to hnve
the opportunity to "sign up" in 11
pnrty which (Its their views. Comrades
McLaren und Kirkpatrick of Terrace
nre to be congratulated on thc success
of their work which has brought up
tlie tutul in Prince Rupert district. Secretnry Rose Indicates that the entire
union affiliation will ultimately bc
found in the purty nnd thut they nre
planning to have n big day in the northern city on Lnbor Dny. A number of
speakers nre being npproachod with
this end in view und Comrade Rose
winds up his letter with the statement
that we cnn rest assured they will net
fine rcsulflj,
New Westminster
For aggressive work thc Fraser Valley River collection cnn be recommend-
oil, They nre forever reaching out to
the K.irruunding municipalities and the
membership grows npuee. They havo
proved that summer weather is no burner to Lnbor Party organization. Last
week 'a meeting ut Edmonds wns something to be proud of nnd the fnct thnt
they were prncticnlly nil members of
the pnrty boforo the meeting closed was
11 testimony to reception which is everywhere being accorded. A local branch
Will be formed at Edmonds. The temporary officers nre: Coun. Webb, chair-
man; Mr. Button, vice-chairman, and
Mr. Smith, socrotary, Mr. Holmes is
still busy in the McKay district.
Every union man id entitled to the
Federationist for the price of $1.00 por
year.   GCt on our mailing list.
Some Conclusive Proof of
Discrimination Given
By Witnesses
Union Men Not Wanted By
the Company Hence
the Trouble
The inquiry into tho alleged discrimination by the C. P. H, against its white
waiters because they were membors of
tho Brothorhood of Ruilway Employees,
wus resumed on Tuesday evening beforo Mr. Justice Macdonald, E. A.
JamcB and V. lt, Midgley. Tho men
were represented by J. H. McVoty and
E. Robson, organizer. The C. P. R.
was represented by F. M. Peters and
H. F. Matthews.
Mr. J. H. McVety, who conducted his
case with marked ability, endeavored
to prove that the alien labor laws had
been broken when the colored waiters
had beon brought in under false pretenses. Permission to continuo his cuse
ou these lines wns not grunted, howover.
Sevoral witnesses were examined during the hearing, nnd toward the close
Mr, McVety presented a number of
affidavits from Moose Jaw, Calgary
and Winnipeg, attesting to the dismissal of tho waiters there. The general
lino of ull of the witnesses and affidavits was to the effect that they had
been let out after they hud been questioned as to thoir membership in the
B. R. E.
Tho first witness, George Hepburn, a
waiter, otBtified that he with others
was called before H. F. Tingley und
informed thnt tho C. P. R. would not
recognize tho union, und before it would
do so it would employ colored holp,
women, or build feeding stations nlong
tho line. The men joined the union
to better their conditions eventually.
The union had not sought official recognition beforo tho men wero discharged,
Mr. McVety informed the bonrd.
Georgo EdwardB, a waiter until he
wns discharged by the C. P. R. with
the rost of his crew, said thc men were
let out aftor hnving pnBBod1 through
the aomo interview with Mr. Tingley
ns hud boen told of by other men. The
men had no set grievance but were
thinking of endeavoring, when organized, to seek better conditions ond
higher pay. ,
Not Asked for Increase
Mr. Poters here informed the bonrd
that the men hud not asked un increase
in wages but hud been given one some
timo before,
Carl Berglund, a Swede, engaged as
a cook for threo years, wns dismissed
after having been interrogated as to
hiB membership with the union. He
hnd not been a member of the union
whon he was let out. He hnd joined
afterwards, but before he joined he
had been told that he would be replaced by colored men if he was n
Chas. James, an Australian, waiter
anuv cook, wub let out with the others.
Since then he has worked intermittently as a third cook on troop trains.
The C. P. B. had not offered him the
opportunity of obtaining a job at other
"Don't you read the papers!" asked
Mr. Peters.
"Does the C. P. R. usually adopt the
newspaper method in communicating
with its employees!" asked Mr. Midgley.
Mr. Peters said that the C. P. R. used
various methods. In this case it had
decided on the chnnge in the interest
of tho public and the eountry.
Were Warned by Superintendent
S. SadowBky, 20 years old, unmarried, und waiting his call to service as
a soldier, said ho and his crew had been
warned by the superintendent in Winnipeg. The latter had said, "I don't
want to tell you not to join the union.
The company is not going to recognize
SadowBky later joined the union at
Moose Juw, He told his story vividly.
When the superintendent told tho crew
at Winnipeg that colored help, or perhaps shacks along the line would replace the whilo waiters, he asked the
hu perin ton dent whnt the latter would
do for a job if the shacks were used.
Before the train left Sndowsky wus
taken off his cur und Inter forwarded
to Moose Juw. He thought he had been
taken off becauso he questioned the
superintendent. There he joined thc
union. They saw colored men going
through on the trains and he nsked nn
ofliciul if thc white mon were to bo
fired, and was told not to the official 'm
knowledge. At Calgnry the crew wus
inspected, the car examined, and ten
minutes Inter an inspector came aboard,
"followed by a string of colored waiters und cooks." The crow wns givon
ten minutes to leave the cnr, Thoy left,
nnd were sent on to Vancouver as they
had asked for transportation to this
point. Sndowsky is now a waiter on
tho C. N. R.
Continuing on Wednesday ovening
Mr. H. F. Matthews, general superintendent of sleeping und dining cars of
tho western division, stnted undor oath
that efforts had beon made to effect
some chnnge for the pnst two years
at  least, due to the desiro to release
Cares and Troubles Relegated to Uie
Rear, and Uie Social Side
Given a Chance
On Saturday evening last, the Victoria branch of the Boilermakers Local
191, held a "smoking concert," in the
Knights of Pythias hall, "Labor's"
new headquarters in the Capital City.
The president of the local, Bro. Geo.
Penkcth, occupied the chair. There was
quite nn array of local talent, and if
tho audience were uny criterion to go
by, the old lime ballads still retain
thoir place in the affections of the boilermakers.
At the expiration of the first part of
tho programme, President Ponkoth, in
a few well-chosen words, made a presentation of a "wallet" to Bro. J. H. Oar-
miohael, (who has just recently resigned us business agent for Victoria nud
Vancouver), in recognition of hiB services to organized labor. Bro. Carmi-
chael, who thc Victoria brunch is going to retain as a local business agent
for 11 short period, in reply stated, that
whilo he had resigned ns business agent
for the cities of Victoria and Vancouver, that his services would alwayB bo
at the disposal of tho organization if at
any time ho was nble to render any assistance.
This part of the programme wns con-
eludcd hy singing "Por Hc'i a Tolly
Good .vinow."
The lost part consisted of several boxing bouts, the Brothers Plcoa, who between thom hold thc flyweight championship of Canada, nnil the featherweight championship of British Columbin, woro amongst tho exponents of the
noblo art of self-defense, and they certainly showed some very fast work.
If the workers in genoral were to
hold a few more of these got-togcthcr
socials, it would be beneficial to ull concerned. Thc troublo is. that with tho
most of us, we arc inclined to tako life
a little too seriously. Lot's get a littlo
more fun out of lifo.   That's the idea.
London, Ont.—Many farmers in this
district who belong to various agricultural ctabs may urge that the case of
,. .*.      ■    „ . . .......   .........   I....,    ..itc   111.11   inv   .'it-..:   u
the  waiters for employment  in morothQ fnrmer who was lined at Brantford
useful occupations, and ulso to the fact
thnt the qunlity of white men obtainable for the service was steadily deteriorating.
Mr. Matthews also declared that
when Mr. Tingley, the Vnncouver superintendent, culled his men before him
and warned them thnt the company
would nover recognize thc union, he
wns acting without instructions. In
fact Mr. Matthews more than inferred
that he had rend Mr. Tinglcy a firm
roproof for acting ns he did. He snid
ho had nlso ordered him not to make
nny more such statements.
J. H. McVety endeavored to have the
joint resolution of thc bonrd of trade
and tho trndes and lnbor council filed
with the board, but as it expressed
opinions und did not contnin simple
facts the chairman ruled thnt it could
for criticizing the government be tnken
up, and un appeal made. It is snid that
vnrious brunches of the United Farmers
will urge that action be taken by the
not be filed.
"So far as 1 am concerned I shall be
influenced not in the slightest by the
opinion of anyone else," declared the
Mr. Peters, general superintendent of
the C. P. R., is having the superintendents brought from Moose Jaw and
Winnipeg, the superintendent from Cnl-
gnry ulreudy being here.
Witnesses on behalf of the men are
to be brought from these points, and
the sittings of Ihe board will be resumed on Monday next.
Values in Millinery
* j.
See for Yourself
532 Granville Street
The Largest Union Store for Men in B. C.
A Union Store
right down to the ground
—a store where every trade unionist can buy without violating union principles in any way.
yOU'LL find the Union Card in Dick's store—you'll find
•*■ Union goods on its shelves and counters—you'll be served
by clerks who can show their Union cards.
Dick also offers you the largest and best line of suits in B. C.
—and at prices that can't be equalled elsewhere for the same
Suits in blue serge, guaranteed fast color—in fancy worsteds,
the West of England cloth that wears like iron—in a line of
tweeds of exceptional value.
$18 to $50
Our guarantee with every suit—"Your Money's Worth or
Your Money Back."
10% Off to Returned Soldiers
33-45-47-49, HasHngs St. East.


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