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The British Columbia Federationist Feb 6, 1920

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Array THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH.
TWELFTH YEAR.    No. 6
OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOUVER TRADES AND LAB0R COUNCIL, AND B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR
POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTOBT
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C., FRIDAY MGKNING, FEBRUARY 6, 1920.
$2.00 PER YEAft
E
Logging Camps to Be Run
on Open Shop
Basis
Workers May Adopt Different Tactics to Those
Used Heretofore
The following article appeared In
the Province newspaper, Saturday,
January 31:
Effective next Monday the logging campa of British Columbia are
to be worked on an open-shop ba-
ale. Notices to this effect have been
luued from the offices of the various operator! to be posted In the
camps.
Every member of the B. G. Log*
flng Association, about forty operators in all, has signed the agreement and the notices will be published simultaneously In about flfty-
alx camps affected.
The operators will hire their men
through an employment office conducted by the B. C. Logging Association. There will be no discrimination In the matter of work. Union men and non-union men will
be engaged without any question
aa to their affiliations, it Is said, but
the campa will be "open" with work
for all.
The following are the chief
clauses of the notices to be posted
at the logging camps:
"(1) No discrimination whatever
will be made against fny man, nor
permitted to be made, on account
of his citizenship, his political affiliation, hla religious beliefs or his
affiliation or non-afflllatlon with any
lawful organization whatsoever.
"(2) The 'open shop' principle Is
adopted and will be maintained.
Thla means that no discrimination
will be shown either by employer
or employee against any man who
is capable aad willing to All his
job.
"(8) Suggestions from employees
will be welcomed at all times and
will receive full consideration, but
no suggestion or demand originating outside of our own camp will
be considered,
"(4) Men who do not honor and
resepct the laws and constituted
authority of the Dominion of Canada and the Province of British Columbia and who are not ready to
uphold such laws and authority at
all times, are not desired and will
not be tolerated ln the camps.
"(6) It Is the wish and. expectation of the management to work at
all times ln perfact harmony and
good fellowship with the men, and
to meet them ln a spirit of equity
and fairness.
"(6) It Is hoped that all employoes will recognize the fairness of
the foregoing principles and will
give cheerful approval thereto, so
that the relations between employer
and employee will be those of real
co-workers and result lh accomplishments of which all may feel
proud, and furthermore will be to
the material betterment of all concerned."
*    War Declared
To the average worker the above
clauses do not need much analysis,
for they will discover at a glance
that war has been declared by the
lumber barons upon the Lumber
Workers' Industrial Union of the
0. B. U.
Clause 1. States that no discrimination will be shown to members
of any lawful organization. Members of the L. W. I. U. take this
statement with a grain of salt, as
they are wise to the hypocrisy of
the master class. However, as the
L. W. I. U. has not as yet been
proven to be an unlawful organization, in spite of statements made
to the contrary by Gideon Robertson, minister of labor, and A. J.
(Continued on page 8)
Proletarian Army Forces
Every Opponent to
Retreat
London.—The capture' by tlio
Bolsheviki of Jojne-Udlnsk, in the
Kansak region, together with fivo
armoured trains and the entire second Slav Battalion, Is reported In
an official wireless received from
Moscow,
The report states that after the
capture of Nljniedlnsk In the Kon-
aak region by the Bolsheviki, the
opposing forces were retiring in a
itate of panic toward the eastward.
Other dispatches state that an
entire Polish division In Serbia has
mutinied and joined the Bolfehe-
Vlsts. General Semenoff's troops
also have been reported to have
Joined the Soviet forces.
Remnants of General Denlkln's
troops, driven from Odessa when
that city was captured by Ukrainians, have fled into Rumania, where
they were disarmed, the Ukrainian
press bureau announces ln Vienna.
Peace was definitely concluded
Monday between Esthonla and tho
Russian soviet government.
The Bolshevik delegates at Dor-
pat declared that Poland has abandoned her military preparations
against Russia which were to be
followed by simultaneous attacks
upon Moscow and Petrograd,
i
Did you ever try to rustle a sub. ?
If not why not?
AT I ROM
Labor School Is Filling
Very Urgent Need of
Young People
Next Sunday evening, Comrade
Tom Richardson, former M. P.
for Whitehaven, England, will be
the speaker at the Federated Labor Party meeting in the Royal
theatre. Since the last time that
Comrade Richardson spoke here,
a number of events of great importance to workers everywhere
have taken place, so that an Interesting address can be expected.
Comrade J. Clarke will take the
chair. After tho address, five-
minute speeches and questions will
be In order. Door§ open at 7:80
p.m.,  meeting begins at 8.
The Labor Party school, which
began its second year 1» October,
1919, has been and Is still progressing favorably, both ln attendance and ln Interest. It Is
saying the least to say that It is
performing a function that no
other organization is In a position
or is attempting to do. Ttu fact
that the attendance is Increasing,
slowly perhaps, but nevertheless
increasing, Is satisfactory evidence that the school and its objects are finding favor with radically inclined parents. The school
meets every Sunday at 2:30 p.
m.  In O'Brien hall.
The Junlon Labor League of
this city, an organization of young
people over 14 years of age, is
now lining up with the Toung
People's Society of Winnipeg, and
the National Young Labor League
of Britain, and Is also communicating with the Toung People's
Club of the O. B. U. in Prince
Rupert. The object Is to get a
common name for the various
clubs of tihs kind In Canada, as
has been done In Britain, and to
work together to extend the
movement to other cities. Tonight
(Friday) the local J. L. L. will
hold Its educational evening in
its club rooms at 62 Dufferln
street west. The chief item of
interest on their programme for
this evening Is a debate on "Resolved, that Allied intervention fn
Russia did more good than harm."
EDMONTON BRICKLAYERS
OO OVER TO O. B. U.
Returned   Soldier   Elected   Socretary—Construction Unit May
Be Live Organization
The Bricklayers of Edmonton,
Alta., have broken away from the
A. F. of L. and formed a unit
of the O. B. U. A returned soldier, Wm. G. Brookes, has been
elected secretary and he Intends
to stick tight to the job of organizing until there is an hundred
per cent, construction workers*
unit ln Edmonton.
Bombay, India—At least 200,000
mill workers are on etrlke In
Bombay, and the mills are entirely stopped. The situation is said
to be very bad, since the strikers
are solidly united and show
disposition to return to work.
E
Winnipeg Veterans Object
to Justice Metcalfe and
Crown Counsel
The following resolution was
moved, seconded and carried
without dissent at a meeting of
the ex-Soldiers and Sailors Labor
Party of Canada, held in the
Scott Memorial Hall, Winnipeg, on
the evening of January 22, 1920:
"Whereas, two of our members, R. 13. Bray and J. Farnell,
are on trial charged with seditious conspiracy, and whereas, we,
realize that R. B. Russell was not
granted a fair trial;
'Be lt resolved, that this meeting emphatically protest agalnBt
the present counsel for the crown
continuing ln that capacity, and
that this meeting also protest
against the action of Justico Metcalfe, who prejudiced his right
to sit in a judicial capacity and
render impartial Justico to the
accused, owing to his charge to
tho jury, and the effect of such
charge had upon the jury In impressing them with the guilt, not
only of R. B. Russell, but of the
other seven who are accused."
Corporal Zaneth, Self-Confessed
Liar, Gives His "Evidence" in the
Trial of Labor Men at Winnipeg
Said He Was an Austrian; Lm
Rifles in Russell Trial—Got
ed Police—Said He Was
in Russell Trial—Mr.
Admits That 'Liar' h
About This—Lied About
r. W. Card From Mount-
folf in Sheep's Clothing
inar Says, "Witness
lis Fourth Name"
Special to The B. C. Federationist
Winnipeg, Man., Feb. 5.—While the local press has
had little to say as to the Winnipeg trials, unless it
was to quote some of Justice Metcalf s remarks that
were against the accused, considerable.interest has
been aroused in Winnipeg by examination of crown
witnesses. Corporal William Zaneth, of the Royal
North West Mounted Police, who admitted that he
lied while spying on labor and Socialist activities in
Alberta and British Columbia, gave evidence on Wednesday and Thursday. While dressed in scarlet coat
and the breeches with the yellow stripes, he contradicted the evidence he gave at the Russell trial by
admitting, on Thursday morning, that he only saw
eighteen, twenty or twenty-five rifles instead of one
thousand, which he declared he saw, when Joe Knight
took him to look at them.
"Oh, I must have seen about a thousand," Zaneth
said in the Russell trial, according to the official report of his evidence read in cross examination Thursday morning. "I can't remember," he replied when
asked if he made that statement then; while now he
said only eighteen or twenty rifles were there.
Zaneth declared that he went to Drumheller, Alberta, on September 12,1918, to investigate labor activities around the mines. He worked there and found
two Socialists, three Industrial Workers of the World
and a few other agitators. He went to Calgary, January 5,1919, and identified himself with the Socialist
Party of Canada, becoming a member of that organization, and attending all its meetings. He also joined
the Federal Labor Union in Calgary and became vice-
president of that local. . ,   „  ,
He gave the names of Joe Knight, Mrs. Knight, Carl
Berg, James Marshall, Robert Emery, William Carroll, George Clark, Sangster, and Wm. McQuoid, as.
persons active in Calgary labor and Socialist circles.
He met Russell at the Western Conference, and saw
George Armstrong there. He stated that he met
Pritchard in Vancouver, March 9,1919, and was m
lueed to him by Wm. McQuoid, and also saw him
\e Western Conference. He heard Johns speak
algary. Looking at his reports before him, wit-
said he made them out for Mounted Police offi-
:s an hour or two after meetings. He said that he
instructed by the Socialist Party to sell literature,
ajfongst which was the "Red Flag," "Soviets at
rk," "liberator." He described his attendance at
etitmomic classes, and that it was stated at these
gatherings that labor was entitled to all it produces,
"e declared that the Western Labor Conference
:ided to appoint a'"central revolutionary council,"
"that Berg, McGuire and Knight were great lead-
in Alberta. And that they—the western radicals
acked the Quebec conference, and the American
Federation with Reds.
?He stated that he went to Canmore, April 10,1918,
to meetings addressed by Alex Susnar and Mrs.
Ktaight, where he distributed literature, and that
tlfere were only about ten English-speaking people
present, the rest being Russians, Italians and Aus
trians.
jdross-examined by R. A. Bonnar, K.C, chief counsellor the defense, Zaneth declared: "I told lies every
time I wanted information. I told a string of lies. I
lied every day. I didh't care whether I carried out my
obligations or not. Yes, I think Canada needs liars.
Major Duffis gave me a parole as an Austrian on instructions of Commissioner Perry of the Mounted
raice. I then reported to the police once a week so
that they would not interfere with me under the Mil-
itlwy Service Act.
4 told Tittioni that I was born in Trieste, Austria,
I got an I. W. W. card from Sergeant Waugh, I put
tip name on it myself. "If you want to call me a spy,
then I am a spy. I was there as a detective. I gaess
that in the Russell case I was a wolf in sheep's cloth-
ifig; I carried an I. W. W. card and one in the S. P. of
G>, and left application form to join that organization
with my officer commanding—Major Spalding.
Under cross examination Thursday morning, Zaneth declared he
is thirty-one years old, and came
to Canada when he was seventeen,
and that he speaks Ave or six
languages, Including Slavic languages which he said he learned
In this country. Ho said that he
lived in Piedmont, Italy, sixteen
years, although he said ln giving
his ovidence on Wednesday night
he told the labor men he was
born ln Trieste. He was naturalized in Canada and went to the
United States In 1916, and that
when he heard that- the Mounted Police was going overseas, he
came back to Canada and
Joined that body it Regina;
spent one and a half months at
Waverley, and then went to Quebec, returning to Regina to be
examined for overseas. He said
that the doctor found him unlit
for overseas duty.
Wouldn't Tell
Ho said that he would not say
where he wrote his reports of the
Calgary   Western   Labor   Conference    becauso    bf
Perry's  orders.
Mr. A. J. Andrews, chief counsel for the crown, who represented tho Citizen's Committee during the strike, said there ore special reasons for not telling the
place. Zaneth said, "I had a room
In the Colonial Hotel In Calgary,
but did not liavo the samo room
right along." He denied that he
tried to get the boys to break Jail
open when Prltchard was arrest-
and did not show them a revolver.
Hr. Andrews Objects
Mr. Bonnar to witness—"Many
of us have thought the Mounted
Police a very good body of men.
Aro  any  of  them   now   awaiting
trial for perjury?" Mr. Andrews
objected. Justice Metcalfe sustained the objection. In reply to
further questions Zaneth said he
did not know Dourasoff and Roth,
now awaiting trial at Vancouvor
for perjury, in connection with the
Russian deportation proceedings,
Mr. Andrews—Mr. Bonnar is
only endeavoring to carry on in
this court as Bray (one of the
defendents charged with making
derogatory remarks about the
Mounted Police) la carrying oh
outside.
Entitled to Cull Him a Uur
Justice Metcalfe—"I take It you
know, Mr. Bonnar, you can't try-
and get in about the Mounted
Police committing perjury." Zaneth denied that he was trying to
get foreigners at Calgary to start
trouble there. He said that he
never showed any of them a gun,
or advised them to get them. He
said that he never carried a gun
ln Calgary except when Joe
Knight spoke ln Calgary. I call
a man who tells lies very often a
liar. I told lies under Instructions,
Commissioner, I told lies when the truth did not
(It.    Seldom   I   found   the   truth,
Watch Us Grow!
There are a few individuals in Vancouver who
are busy with a little hammer knocking the Federationist. Every knock from these individuals
is a boost, and the circulation of Labor's own
paper is still soaring. We have the largest circulation of any Labor paper in Canada. Last
week we issued 20,200 papers, no padding in the
mail list either, and for the past few weeks the
circulation has increased from two to five hundred per week, and there is no sign of a let-up
to the demand for the only Labor paper published in B. C. As an advertising medium it cannot
be beat, and it brings the business. To assist the
Federationist, workers should patronize our advertisers.
Af IE
Will Speak on the Industrial Situation Throughout the World
Next Sunday nlglit the Socialist
Party of Canada will have as their
spoaker Charles Lestor, who la admittedly ono of the finest exponents of scientific Socialism on this
continent, and preparations are being made to handle a capacity audience at tho Empress Theatre.
The subject of the address will
be "The International Situation,"
which will afford the speaker an
opportunity of building up a lecture of great interest and significance. For, indeed, if the repot tr
In the press regarding the financial
Impasse Into which the capitalist
system has drifted, is to be taken
seriously, then the working class
will soon find themselves In a fearful plight, What has happened Is
this: The mechanism of our social system is badly out of gear,
on account of (certain definite
causes; commerce Is being disrupted, and as night follows day, so
will tho wheels of industry cease
revolving; and unemployment, thc
bane and curse of a working man's
life, will settle like a plague upon
tho land. Workers! what are you
going to do about it? Come to the
Empress and learn. Doors open at
7:30. Meeting at 8 p.m. Questions and discussion,        ,
To' members of the Socialist Party
I' had to lie all the time. At
L'r.iinhdler I told them my name
was Alex Blask. If I wah carrying out my instructions I would
114, I suppose you are entitle! to
call me a Uur. I suppose you
know a liar will generally swear
to a lie.
Pritchard Cross-I famines
Cross-examined hy W, A. prltchard, Zaneth declared that Joe
fiingBter had told him that he
was president of the Socialist
Party local. Prltchard showed
that the Socialist Party did not
have presidents of its locals.
Zaneth admitted that he had
told the court that he carried papera as an Austrian to avoid military police, and Dominion police,
ob a draft evader; yet he was
told by Mounted Police "You're
not flt to go overseas;" but did
not receive any certificate of unfitness'
Under direct examination by A.
J, Andrews, K.C, for the prosecution, on Wednesday evening, Zaneth quoted Dave Rees as calling
for support of the Socinlist movement as the government was "en-
MANY MEETINGS
Will   Hold  Meetings  in
Districts   Where
Men Work
Meetings of the Millworkers
branches of the Lumber Workers'
Industrial Union of the O. B. U.
will be held next week in the following  places:
New Westminster, Wednesday,
p.m., Labor Hall, corner 7th
and.- Royal  Avenue.
Maillardville and Fraser Mills,
at Maillardville' Moving Picturo
Theatre, 8 p.m., Thursday, February 12.
Port Moody, Orange Hall, 8 p.m.
Friday, February  18.
It Is expected that there will
be a record attendance at each
meeting. Thc meetings will be
open to all mill workers, whether
orjjinlzed or unorganized, therefore all members ahould endeavor
to get their work mates who are
not organized, to attend.
School Teacher Wanted
A teacher holding a 3rd class
or better certificate, and possessing a knowledge of the class
struggle iu wanted in the school
district of Radvlile, Sash. Salary. $100 per month; services required April 3. Apply to Ed.
Crandell,  Radvlile,  Sask.
Don't forget OUR advertiser*.
gaging returned soldiers to shoot
us down like dogs, and that If
proper support was given, the
workers -would win just as they
had done in Russia." To Pritchard
Zaneth declared that he thought
the Reese who went to the International Lahor Conference at
Washington with the attorney
general of Manitoba was the sume
Rees who made the above remarks at Calgary.
Knows Roth
He said, I know Roth. He was
In Calgary for some time. He did
the same kind of work aa I do.
I don't know if Dourasoff is doing the same work.
Andrews objected to tho question as to whether Dourasoff was
tho same man charged with perjury in Vancouver.
I.ancth said he was at the Calgary convention in the best interests of the country, and that he
never heard of the I. W, W. until
ho joined the Mounted Police. He
said that he did not put down all
that Prltchard said ln a three-
minute report, of a two-hour
speech In the Alcazar Theatre In
Calgary at which the Rev. WUI-
ian Irvine wos chairman. He did
not remember Prltchard reading
a copy of a letter from Berg,
read by Senator Robertson, which
had words left out, and was so
Interpreted as to misrepresent
what was In thc letter.
Mr. McMurray, one of the counsel for the defense, brought, out
a declaration from Zaneth to the
effoct that he resided flrst In
America—In New York—where he
worked as a carpenter In a piano
shop and then moved to Springfield, Muss.
Mr. Justico Metcalfe then said:
"I may say I rather like Zaneth
(Continued on pago 8)
Two Big Halls in Labor
Temple Hired—Admission 25 Cents
Tho concert and danco held by
the Women's'. Co-operative Guild
last Saturday wag a splendid success although the hall was too
amall to accommodate the big
turnout, and because of the Insistent demand for another one,
at an early date the guild has arranged for a bigger and better
one on Saturday, February 14.
The two largest halls in the Labor Temple have bcen engaged
for the affair and an old-time
concert will be held ln hall 401,
and a dance, consisting of qua-
drllls, waltz, fox trot, aeroplane
glide, tango one step, etc., in hall
408. Those who don't wish to
dance can take a hand in a whist
drive. Refreshments consisting of
coffee, sandwiches and cake will
also be served and the whole affair, will only cost 25c.,<
If there are any musicians or
singers who wish to volunteer
their services for this affair, they
are requested to turn In their
names to Mr. Johnstone at the Coop, store, Phone Sey. 493.
Tickets for a big dance to be
held In the Cotillion Hall on Mon-
day, March 8, are also on sale
at the store. This Is also being
arranged  by the Women's Guild.
The central store Is still making headway and the membership
continues to grow, It now being
1120. The North' Vancouver
branch is being put into shape for
the opening.
The Women's Co-operative' Auxiliary will meet in room 217, Labor Temple, next Thursday evening at  8  p.m.
Lectures on Economics
The lectures on Economics at
the Brotherhood House, 233 Abbott Street, on Friday evenings at
8 p.m. are attracting very large
audiences. The lecture tonight by
Professor Angus of the University
of British Columbia will be on
"Value."
SUGGESTED GENERAL
STRIKE NOT ACTED UPON
Will WaJt (he Verdict of the Appeal to the Privy Council
Before Tuking Action
The general strike suggested by
the convention bf working class organization as a protest against the
conviction of R. B. Russell has not
been endorsed   by   the   Winnipeg
Central Lubor Council and will not
be acted upou until such time as
the result of the appeal to the privy
council has been heard from.
Another Young One
Jack Anderson, of Prince Rupert, sent a letter to The Federatlonist this week, In which he
Informs us that he was eight
years old whan he obtained his
"Workers Liberty Bond" from J.
H. Burrough, secretary of the
Loggers at  Rupert.
PREMIER MINE
SIR! UNDER
B. C. Federation of Labor
to Meet March 8 at
Victoria
The call for the tenth annual
convention of the B. C, Federation
of Lahor has been issued hy tlie
secretary of thut organization this
week. The convention will convene at 10 a.m. March 8th, in the
Labor Hall, Victoria, B. C. Last
year's convention should huve
been held In the Capital City, but
wus, by referendum vote, moved
to Calgary, ao that the same delegates could attend the Western
Conference without additional expense to thc local unions. It is
hard to Bay what will bc the attendance at tho convention this
year owing to the Btartlng of the
now movemont, but It is certain
that the annual gathering will Ue
Interesting, and perhaps a Utile
more heated than is usual.
Prince Rupert Central Labor Council Gets
Busy
Defense Committee Literature Will be Cir-
ulated
The last regular meeting of
the Princo Rupert Central Labor
Council (O, B, U.) convened at
8 p.m. January 28, Vice-Chalr-
man Booth presiding in the absence of Chairman Rudderham
at the convention ln Winnipeg.
Twenty-eight delegates were present.
The minutes of the previous
meeting were adopted as read. '
Correspondence from the Winnipeg defense committee was
laid over for new business. From
I'etersberg,   Alaska,   filed.
The committee . appointed to
confer with a similar committee
from the Fisheries Unit on the
revision. of their proposed constitution reported that some eliminations and additions had been
made to mutual satisfaction. The
report had yet to bo submitted
to the Fisheries Unit. Report
accepted.
Defense committee reported
receipts for the week of 181.80,
making a total to date of
82138.50.     Report   accepted.
A delegation from the atrike at
the Premier Mino was prosent
and Introduced by the assistant
secretary. Their report as to conditions confirmed those previously
submitted, but attention was
drawn to the advertisement in
the local press for men to go to
the Premier, which appeared for
the first time in that afternoon's
papers.
In company with the assistant
secretary they had seen a lawyer
and placed the case for damages
in his hands, and would bring
suit for the men who went »p on
the strength of the agreement
made hy Mr. Harris, which had
been rejected by the manager on
arrival at Stewart. An Interview
with the manager had been accomplished by BroB. Callaghan
and Donovan in Stewart. They
had notified him that the men
who went up would hold him to
the agreement, and expected him
to put as many of the men who
had gone up, to work, as soon
as possible. The manager had at
first said that since the agreement
had been made by Mr, Harris,
they would have to Btand by it,
but the next morning he had refused to put the strikers back to
work, and offered to start the
men who had come up with Mr.
Harris. He contended that ther«*
was no-strike. He had also notified them that if the men who
had como up did not go to work,
he would sue for the fares advanced.
To offset the^fforts of the company to get strike-breakers, dodgers were ordered printed and distributed.
Thc delegation also reported
that Del. Wickstrom and Bro. Ni-
cholls had advanced $491 for the
strike fund. The strikers were
keeping an itemized account of
receipts and expenses. On motion
it was decided that a settlement
with Bros. Wickstrom und Nlch-
olls be made, when the dispute
was settled. The fact that the
manager, who was at present In
Prince Rupert, had met Del.
Wickstrom at the gangway ond
caused the production of his naturalization papers to a N. W. M.
V. caused some comment, inasmuch as it is believed that Mr.
Pitt himself is an "alien." Ah-
other $50 was voted for the strllu
fund, the L. W. 1. U. to supply I
(Continued on page 8)
ADD TO MEMBERS
Taconm—After deliberating for
58 hours, the Jury In the enses of
the 36 alleged I, W. W. arrested
here following the Centralia rioting, returned verdicts of guilty Of
criminal syndicalism in ail of the
cases.
More Money Is Needed
The Brief in the appeal of the Russell case before the Privy Council is now being prepared.
This will cost much money. It has been reported
in the press that the expenses of the prosecution
of the labor men in Winnipeg will cost at least
$100,000. The cost of the appeal to the Privy
Council will be great and the Defense Committee
is compelled to still ask for money in order to
carry on the fight for the liberty of the spokesmen of labor who were arrested because of their
activities in the working class movement. Every
dollar received helps to relieve the committee of
a certain amount of worry as to the financing of
the defense. Your mite will be needed, so send it
along to A. S. Wells, 405 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver, B, C.
Organization Meeting  a
Success—Want O. B. U.
Label on Overalls
Last night's meeting of the
General Workers' Unit of the O.
B. U. was one of the best yet held
In tho city since the new organizntion was formed. The hall was
comfortably filled and an air of
earnestness and determination pervaded the meeting. J. G. Smith
addressed the meeting, which was
thrown open to all workers between the hours of 8 and i) for
organization purposes. Quite a
number of applications for membership were made and from all
indications it would appear that
the amalgamation of the different
units into tho general workers'
unit will be a decided factor in
the upholding of the O. B. U. In
Vnncouver.
V. R. Midgley who attended the
flrst semi-annual convention of the
O. B. U. in Wlnnipog, roported
as to the decisions of the convention and urged the members to
demand tho O. B. U. label on
overalls, etc,, as the garment
workers of Winnipeg were with
(ho O. B. U.
Thc secretary, with J. G. Smith,
ivere appointed as a committee to
arrango time and place for a de-
bnte on thc question of the O. It.
U. versus the International Trados
Unions. It is expected that this
interesting feature will he staged
in the very noar future. PAGE TWO
twelfth year. No. ■    TSE BRITISH PQLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. a
FRIDAY..-..-.. .February  «,  1920
"UF STAIRS WE SAVE TOU MONEY'*
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Highest Grade Mechanic's Took
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1890-
■1920
30th ANNIVERSARY
Clearance Sale
MEN'S WINTER OVERCOATS MUST GO
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MEN'S BUBBEEIZBD COATS—$25, $30 and (32— Aon mm
to cleu at ~  9-.-.0 (O
MEN'S SHIBTS—Colored Shirta, soft and hard ouffs. A]    Am
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Te clear ft,— epteOU '
ALL BOTS' OVEBCOATS at 10 per cent, discount.
A Big Seduction os several lines of Boys' Suits
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sot hasWnos street west
AND 1 SMEIS
What Is Said in the Old
Land About the New
Democracy
A few weeks ago, Willie Galla-
cher, active trade unionist and
Socialist in Scotland, met Mr T.
B. Morison, K. C, M. P., solicitor
general, in a debate in the city of
Perth. The subject of the debate
was "The Soviets." After having
read in the daily press of the so-
called seditious utterances of
workers at the Calgary conferenco
and at the Walker theatre in
Winnipeg, and which are now being used against the men now
being tried for seditious conspiracy, Mr, . Gallacher's speech
comes as a relief, demonstrating
as It does, the freedom of er
pression that is allowed In th*
Old Land, and whioh makes Can<
ada appear in the light of recent
experiences, as a country whera
freedom of speech ts no longer the
right of the workers. Mr. Gallacher's speech in reply to the Mr,
Morrison, was in part as follows:
Condemns to Death
Mr, Morison had said that liberty meant that every Individual
should be allowed to carry out
what he or she considered to be
hiB or her duty, and yet Mr. Morison waa & member of the government which had filled the
prisons of the country with Christians during the war because they
said "No." Mr. Morison said
there won Industrial tyranny In
Russia because the workers were
forbidden to strike, and yet the
government of whloh Mr, Morison
was a member had sent him to
prison for twelve monthi for
morely advocating a strike. All
that Mr. Morison had said simply damned the system under
which we live today. Mr. Morison further said he wae opposed
to Sovietism because It denied a
man the right to live as nature
had Intended him. and he knew
that in Glasgow, at any rate, mothers and fathers might weep as
they watched their ohildren dying, while the medical officer reported to the health committee
that the traders were pouring the
milk down the drains. Nature
presumably intended that these
children should live, but the present system condemned them to
death, Mr. Morison had condemned oligarchy, and yet they
were living under an oligarchy to.
day. as had been proved during
the railway strike, when the government had to give the financial
oligarchy an additional 1 per oent,
on the floating loan, and for that
little deal the people of the country had to pay another 15,000,000
pounds. Mr. Morison had proved
by what he had said that he
knew nothing about the Soviets.
Mr, Morison said everything had
to be done under the dictatorship
of the proletariat, but the dictatorship of the proletariat was
only a passing phase and not a
necessary part of the Soviet sys.
tem. The dictatorship of the pro.
letarlat had been established to
take possession of the land and
all the Instruments of production
from the hands of those who held
them. The dictatorship of the
proletariat was a very different
thing from the Soviet system,
which was building up agriculture and all the other Industries,
but the people In this country
only heard about the political Soviets whloh were fighting against
the ' counter - revolutionaries and
their supporters, the Allied powers. That brought them down
to the question of what the Soviet system was, but before going
on to that it was necessary to
understand the system under
which they were living.
Constitutional! »m
Hli opponent condemned auto*
craoy and oligarchy, and said
there were millions of contented
and God-fearing people living under contract of service, but lf they
looked up American history they
would flnd that there were hundreds of contented and God-fearing people living under contract
of service, but if they looked up
American history they would
find that there were hundreds
of contented and God-fearing
chattel slaves. Under autocracy
in this country there were millions of the people contented
and God-fearing, but a section
of the people — the merchant
princes and rising capitalists—
happened to be discontented, and
they did not trouble about constitutionalism. They cut off the
head of a king (Charles I.), and
later on drove another (James
II.) from the throne. (Applause.)
Then they brought over William
of Orange from the continent, and
in this connection it might be
mentioned that the predecessor
of one of Mr. Morlson's well-
known colleagues, Mr, Winston
Churchill, John Churchill, Duke
of Malborough, who was in command of the king's army, basely
and treacherously deserted his
king and went over to William.
(Laughter and loud applause.)
That was constitutionalism, and
he challenged his opponent to
deny it, or that any man had as
much legal right to the throna as
George V. Having got rid of
the king and grought over one
of their own capitalist class, the
landed aristocracy came to a
nice little arrangement. The king
was given his rights and perro-
gatlves, the landowners were guaranteed their rights and privileges
capitalists owned the industries
and wero assured the right of
exploitation, and the tolling mil
lions had neither property nor
rights of any kind. When, later
on, they organized and demanded that they too, should be considered, thoy were given Peterloo,
where they were shot down, and
many of their leaders were sent
to prisons and to the hulks ot
Botany  Bay.
Who  Controls
As the propertied class owned
and controlled the land and
means of production, they were
able to build up an army, navy,
the church and a powerful syatem of jurisprudence. After having entrenched themselves In that
impregnable position, they CSuld
afford to pose as democrats, and
extend the franchise to the prop-
ertilesa classes. Who ccuttylled
the army and industry our the
propertied class—the class" "\o
which Mr. Morison belongflRjBTHe
had said it was not right-that
idlers should reap the benefit of
the labor of energetic and skilled
workers, and had argued that
that would happen undeV^the
Soviet system; but he wastM to
point out that he had beeirwlrk-
ing since he was nine years of
age, was a lifelong teetotaller,
had never backed a horsey ihad
never developed extravagant*habits of any kind, and yet he had
never succeeded In acquiring
wealth, so obviously some idler
was reaping the benefit of his labor. Let them look at the conditions ln Paisley, where 10,000
girls toiled and slaved from
morning to night, many of
them with speadometers attached to, their machines, so that
the foreman would know . how
often the machines stopped.
Not one ln a hundred of .these
girls are entitled.to the right to
vote. There was no democracy
there, and neither was there democracy in any othe irndnstry.
Neither was there democracy In
the army. Who were the field-
marshals, the generals, the colonels, and the various other officers
but the .representatives of, Mr,
Morlson's own class, and who are
the rank and file but the men
of the working clsss? ££lth
regard to the church, who
were the archbishops, bishops,
etc., but the same old representatives of the same old propertied class, with the result that
the church had deserted Christianity generations ago, and did
not dare to preach the commun-
est principles of the Carpenter of
Nazareth.  . |
One or two might try to preach
these principles, but they usually ended In being turned out of
their churches. It wtl the same
In every other walk of life, for
the constitution of this country
was built up to protect the prop
erty owners. Undoubtedly there
might be a few present that
night who happen to have an
estate in the Highlands, and if
that were bo they would prob
ably occasionally invite a few
friends for several weeks' grouse
shooting on the estate. That was
quite constitutional, but if a.Perth
shop steward were to invito several shop stewards from Glasgow to come and shoot a few
rabbits or flsh a salmon or two,
that would be quite unconstitutional, and thev.would B|-ojmbiy
be clapped Into gaol. He,! was
not an intellectual, and $$#! not
concerned, about intellectu^ilsm,
but he represented a sUftpgJ virile section of the work^g .class
whtrh was prepared to fjght to
the utmost for their clt^p.,, j Did
they suppose that lf the workers
get a political majority that: the
landowners and capitalist^, yrould
give up possession of what ■ they
held? No; those people,_ would
flght to the last, and that, was
why that section, of which' he
spoke, would go on Birching
ever onward and upward [ till
they won the fight for humanity.
Morison admitted that the. Workers had grievances fn their Industrial life, and said It wag the
duty of the Btate to remedy
those   grievances.
The Powers of tho Stato,
The state, however, was composed of tho army, navy, police,
law lourts, and the church, and
It was the business of the state
to maintain order in society in
order to allow production and
distribution to be carried on In
the most profitable manner. If
disorder did break out, lt was
the duty of the state to quell it
in any manner possible—perhaps
It might be by throwing a .sop
to the workers In the shape of
an Increase ln wages—by the use
of policemen's batons, by sending workers to goal for twelve
months or so, or by the use of
thQ bayonet and the bomb.
Could Mr. Morison deny that
the government, of which he
was a member, did not have
a sneaking regard for Sovietism?
When the government of the country was faced by the fact that
there was serious unrest, they appointed a commission to enquire
Into the cause of the unrest.
What had been the result of that
commission? It foifnd that the
trouble was caused by lack of
democratio control in Industry,
and it presented a report with a
scheme that was accepted by the
government. That schema waa
called the Whitley council Then,
could th« Whitley council not
quite well bo the Whitely soviet?
It had to be remembered,
however, that the Whiteley
councils were an attempt to harmonize the unharmonizable interests of tho workers and their
mastors, but the fundamental
principle of the Soviets was the
workers themselves controlled
their own Industry by electing
delegate! to tho local and the
district soviet, and It, in turn,
elected delegates to the national
or All-Russian soviet These were
the economio Soviets which would
rule when the counter-revolutionaries had been dealt with, [and
it seemed very likely that that
was going to happen, judging
from the announcement that njght
on the Evening Times bill, that
Denikin was in a grave plight. A
grave plight was very slgnlfldonf.
When tho counter-revolutionaries
were defeated the political soclets
would disappear and then there
would be no need for a colonial
policy or for Imperialism, Kph«
proud and virtuous Britishers, denounced the atrocities of the horrible Huns, but yet the same
proud and vlrtuohs Britisher
joined hands with the artodlpus
Huns, and fought side by side, In
order to crush the Russian revolutionaries. (Mr. T. B. Morison—"That's not true!") Yes, sir,
It Is true. There ;was Van der
Goltz, wi^h his horrible Huns,
and General Ironside, with his
proud and virtuous Britishers,
Japanese and negroes. Morlscn
had never read anything written
by a Scottish writer ln support
of the Bolshevists and tbe Soviets.
Well, he himself did not have a
Scots' name—(laughter)—-but for
all that he came on the maternal
side from the Sutherland! and
M'Arthurs, who are the most enterprising Bolshevists amongst the
clans, and he would like to
inform Mr. Morison that his friend
who was on the platform, Mr.
Campbell,  was  a Scot   who   had
I
Machinery Never Lightened the Load of Workers Is Contention
"It rather staggers the average
•Red'—especially the really scientific one. He goes right up in the
air at once." So remarked Comrade E. T. Kingsley at the Royal
on Sunday night; nevertheless he
receded not one whit from his
position that "all the machinery
on top of the earth never lightened the burden on the back of
the workers or made it possible
to_ produce a solitary thing with
less expenditure ot human energy
than before the invention waa
evor thought of."
The speaker started out with a
repudiation of the idea that the
worker is ever "paid" for his
work. Master and slave between
them consumed all the product
from day to day, as fast as it
was produced; there was nothing
loft to "pay" with, except promises, which could never be re-
deemed. Commodities In th. mar-
ket yrere sold on credit, resulting
ln a mer, accumulation of stocks,
bonds, mortgages and similar
promises to pay. "That whloh
Karl Marx called surplus value
expresses Itself In figures. 'There
Is nothing els. but a continued
accumulation of figures—except
an accumulation of misery, which
I think th* Slav* deserves. (Hear,
hear.)
Trade and commerce was not
part of the process of production.
It was merely a matter ot keeping account of commodities aa
they moved round until they were
snuffed out by th* consumer. Th*
figures wer* th* tracks left be-
hind—tracks of good* extorted
from the toll and sweat of the
workers and sold In th* market
for nothing.
Th* speaker however, wa* not
one of thos* who expected the
whole machinery to be wiped out
ln their tlm*. "It will not be
abolished out of hand, but by the
comparatively slow process by
which lt ha* grown up." A
mushroom grew ln a night, and
perished In a night i an oak took
centuries to mature, and centuries
to decay. Th* Roman Empire
wa* 1600 ytar* lio growing, and
18 centurle* In dying.
The capitalist systom was about
200 years old. It had reached its
climax, and was now In collapse
—gradually dying. . "It will perish oft th* face of th*. **rth
eventually, without us lifting a
finger against It It may tak* a
hundred years, or two hundred;
lt may tak* u long as tt has
taken to attain Us growth."
Maohlnery came Into being in
response to the neede of exploiters
and masters of slaves, and could
only serve their ends, forcing an
ever-Increasing number of alaves
from the production of essential
things Into th* production ot
things that only served th* ruling
class Interests. "The city Itself
Is a ruling class Institution,. and
could not exist In a soolsty of
fre* people."
In the United States, lt had
been found that ons family engaged In necessary production,
had to "carry" three others; the
latter were kept Just aa busy
about thing* not essential ln any
sense of the word to the comfort
and welfare of any people,
"Can any one suggest a way of
lightening that burden, except by
cutting out ruling class service
and turning to th* production of
the essential things of life? If
this system were to pass tomorrow
Into the hands of the proletariat,
not a solitary man can be dispensed with If lt Is 'still to be
operated by th* sons of men.
Every on* must remain at his
pout ae a non-essential producer,
or another take his place."
"There Is n0 living thing exoept
man, and such animals ttt man
can bend to his will, that does
not Individually provide for Itself
—and not for others. The working man 1* all th* time working
to feed somebody else, and taking a ohanc* on somebody else
feeding him." Her* the speaker
proceeded to laugh the whole
system out of court by a most
ludicrous "reductlo ad absurdum,"
convulsing his audienoe again and
again, and showing a' "per capita"
amount of "transportation" far
exceeding th* amount of necessary, thing* that any human being could poasibiy get away with.
written a great deal ln support
of the Bolshevist* and Soviets,
and Mr. Campbell was one of the
lad* who had gone over the top
and don* hi* bit. Mr. Morison had asked what wer* the
safeguard* ot th* soviet system
against oppression of th* Individual and the corruption of state
omolals? That was Just whore
the practicability of the Soviets,
with their workers' control, came
ln, for th* delegates to th* local,
district, and All-Russian Soviets
could b* recalled by th* workers
at any time, which was a great
deal mora than th* workers in
this country, could do with the
fellows they put Into national
Jobs. And yet It was the proud
boast that one British was as good
as six Germans, and at one
tlm* a* good aa six Frenchmen.
He noted their applause of the
boast, and he could not understand what they had to cheer for,
especially when he could tell them
that one little undersized gaffer
wa* able for 200 Britisher*. And
why was this? Because there
wa* no democracy where tho
worker spent th* most of hi* life.
They would, therefor*, hav* to
work for the soviet* and
workshop committees ln order to make Industrial demooraoy possible. They did not want
a colonial polloy or Imperialism,
the hell-born spawn of capitalism
that had given them four-and-
a-half year* of war. Did they
want mor* war? (Cries of
"No!") Did th* women present
want to rear up their sons only
to be sacrificed on the awful altar of Mars? ("No, nol") If they
did not, then let them abolish
capitalism by working from how
onwards f for th* realization of
the soviet system In thla oountry.
(Loud cheors and round after
round of sustained applause.)
LETTERS TO
ED
Are Still Disunited, and Shall Never
Unite ir the Leaden Can Help It
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Allow me to quote, your note to "A
Socialist" in your issue of January
23:
"The O. B. U. Is an industrial
organization, and aa suoh cannot
link up with any"poIltical party.
The SoclallsLParty and the Federated Labor Party are political
organizations, and   nothing   will
bring them together except a unanimity of opinion amongst the
workers as to which party best
represents the Interests   of   the
working class. When that time
arrives, they will naturally fus*
and become one organization."
Workers of the world, separate!
—there we have lt again, the most
fatal  of  all  erroneous  prejudices.
"An   industrial   organization—cannot link   up   with   any    political
party."  Father Oompers cajuld not
put it more tersely. v
Why can the O. B. V. not fight on
two fronts while th* Russian Boi
shevlkl are fighting on twenty?
It Is because of there'being too
many shining lights somewhere
who must always be busy with inventing and caressing some petty
theories ot their own, ln order to
over-shine eaoh other and, Incidentally, to lead th* tolling masses
to battle amongst themselves ,at
first with "opinions—unimportant
for the most part—and then with
machine guns?
But for these precious leaders, I
think, the O. B, u. could, as suggested by "A Socialist," become
the sole working class organization
for all practical purposes, for industrial as well as political education and propaganda. In lt both
voters and non-voters, Canadians
and foreigners, could work together, harmoniously and for common
aim*.
A great movement as.the O.B.U.
has become ln the workers' Imagination cannot at length be fed and
thrive on camp and bunkhouse
problem* only. It should point
toward mora comprehensive and
much farther reaching objects.
ANOTHER SOCIALIST.
(Not* by Editor.—With all du*
deference to our correspondent, we
cannot see ln our not*, that whloh
h* Implies. And to liken us to
Oompers 1* absurd. Not having
faith In leaders, and realising that
the only thing that keeps th*
worker divided 1* laok ot understanding, our endeavor -1* to show
the workers that whether it be ln
Industry or ln politics, their Interests are one. Until that time comes,
when the workers understand thalr
position, they will be divided. They
will act together on the Industrial
field, and separately politically. Our
correspondent ha* not yet realised
that only Ideas keep the workers
apart, and not Individuals or leaders. Opinions ar* mor* vital ln
th* working class struggle than
are maohtne guns, Until they have
reached a oommon opinion a* ,to
their position, not even our correspondent could keep th* workers together.)
My View* On Labor Movement
Editor of B. C. Federationtot:
With your kind permission, I will
give my view* on the Labor
movement. First, we should make
It known to the world that we
are not merely seeking to get all
thut can b* got for th* working
.class In a selfish sort of way.
True, selfishness Is a virtue, when
taking the form of getting what
one Is Justly entitled to, but jus
tice should be our aim. So, let
us remind any one who would
accuse us of selfishness, that lt
la a physical impossibility that
any consistent move for social
and economic justice can be promoted by the capitalist class.
Second, th* man of moderate
means ho* nothing to fear trom
these economlo changes. By
keeping In mind what the average wealth of th* country I* today, he can readily se* that lt
would not work & hardship on
him. And as a rul* this man I*
the honest sort that Is content to
give to society reasonable aervloes
for what he receive* ln return.
The Labor union* and the farmer* should get together—for the
farmer Is a laborer. Let us admit th* truth of the argument
that union hours would be Impossible on the farm at tlmea
The reasonable farmer will also
admit that he ha* th* advantage
of a continuous change of work;
and at times he hasn't muoh of
anything to do. It h* were to
hoe spud* every work day the
year round,  he also would want
union day. '   .
Next, lot us considor the Increased activity of th* churche*.
Whll* wishing to giv* credit
where credit 1* du*, I would Ilk*
very muoh the church's answer to
this question: Why has not the
church, as a body, stood for social and economio Justice In th*
past?
Lastly, let me say It I* up to
the working class to mak* this
the sanest and most progressive
movement of Its kind the world
has ever seen, One thing that
should -receiv* mor* attention
than it has lh tha past, Is the
cause* and prevention ot disease.
MAONUM  OPUS.
Avola, B. c, Jan. 29, 1020.
Vole* from East Richmond
Bdltor B. C. Fedorationist: At
our mooting of th* East Richmond ratepayers recently, on Lulu
Island, we wore fortunate in having the presence of tho president
ot the Vancouver Co-operative Society, and a director of the Fraser Valley Milk Producers Association.
Mr. Hubbard spoke of the rap-
Idly growing membership of the
"Co-op." now nearly 2000, and of
their efforts to break down every
middleman wall betweon producer and consumer, tie talked of
butter that could be sold at 42
cent* a pound, Imported from
New Zealand, and dress good*
that could be Imported through
co-operative channel* from Great
Britain and sold her* at two-
thlrda of present prices, He added
that trade union ratea of wages
were paid to every employee,
Mr. Vanderhoof, a director of
the Fraser Valley Milk Producer*
Association, dosorlbed tbe economics It had brought about, ahd
how It handled three-fourths of
all th* milk sold lh Vancouver.
He said that of all the big cities
"OUB GABMENTS MAKE US FAMOUS"
THE SHOP OF
LATEST VOGUES
Famous garments are, above all, the Iat*
est models of style—that's why the Famous is patronized so largely by ladiea
who dress with distinction.
The material ln all Famous suits, coat*
dresses and skirts Is the verjr best obtainable—our garments have acquired »
reputation for service and durability.
Like all well made and high class clothing Famous garments keep their shape,
because they are made right and finished
with quality materials.
A BREATH OF SPRING
Exclusive models for spring wear aro beginning to arrive.   Among thete
sre some of the most beautiful creations we hsvt* ever shown.   Further ea*
nouncements in regard to oar spring opening will be wade shortly.
Garments
For Ladies
Who Dress
With Taste
HASTIHGS ST. W.
Kear Oranvllle
In the Dominion, Vancouver has
the best and cheapest milk supply* except perhaps In Ottawa,
where the milk Is distributed by a
private company and the farmers
are  underpaid.
Some of the speakers at the
meeting seemed to think there
must be a natural feud between
Vancouver and the Eraser Valley,* between, producer and consumer, farmer and housewife.
May we not recognize both as
separate wings of the same army?
Two trade unions, whloh should
belong to one big union* so to
speak? If you boast of paying
trade union rates of wages, is It
not right to be proud of paying
a living profit, a fair price, to the
farmer? as paid by his trade
union, the United Fruit Growers,
the milk producers, poultrymen'..
association or whatever It Is called? Is not a co-operative store
really the trade union of the woman with the market basket?
Are not each and all of these organizations united and finite and
bound to he fair to eaoh. other,
"Each for all and all for each."
. If the misunderstanding reveled
at our little meeting grows, we
may expect agriculturalists to be
opening retail stores and the Vancouver Co-operative Society will
be trying to "buy direct" so as to
cut out the farmers' organizations.
Such family quarrels would only
lead to confusion and waste. Let
us live and let live.
I hope, sir, you will forgive a
farmer for writing to The Federatlonist. After all the field ts
nearer the factory and workshop
than would appear at first glance.
Yours faithfully,
TOM  EDWARDS,
Hon. Sec. East Richmond Ratepayers' Association,
R. R. No. 1, Eburne, B. C,
January SO,  1920.
London—A despatch to the Exchange Telegraph Company from
Constantinople soys: "The Young
Turks' Red army will, in the near
future, reach Constantinople to
throw out the Turkish enemies,
The Turkish Bolshevik announce
that a holy war against Oreat
Britain will be undertaken In the
spring."
The Hague—The Labor Party
of Belgium and the Social Democratic Party of Holland have exchanged pledges of mutual aid In
economic development and In-protection   from  outside  aggression*.
Without danger
or discomfort
THE most advanced dentistry Is
without the danger and discomfort, la soma degree inseparable fnm that even of a few
years ago. The torture of the den>
tal chair ta s thing of the paat,
modern methods and a higher skill
having eliminated the groater part
of all discomfort at the chair. Tha
danger of unskilled work lay principally in improperly treated
teeth, preparatory to fllling asd
crowning, and in clumsy bridge*
work.
Tha former was the causa of blind
abscesses at tha ends of tooth
ruts—the source of rheumatism,
neuritis and a host of painful and
dangvroua maladies. The latter became tha breeding place of bacteria
of all kinds, and the more danger-
ens because inaccessible to the
toothbrush aad proper cleansing.
Tha latest dental advance—tha
new Removable Bridge is entirely
free from all these disadvantage.
It b Dot necessary to grind down
and orown teeth, to destroy tha
anamel or to "kill the nerve."
And it la easily removed by the
patient himself for cleansing. It Is
abaolutely sanitary.
Dr. Lowe
Viae Dtatlrtry
HASTINGS   AND   ABBOTT
OppoilU WooswtrA's
rim, a«j. om
Patronize Federationist advertie-
era.
NOTICE
Ex-Alderman Kirk haa
no connection whatsoever
with this Company directly or indirectly, nor hu
he ever had any.
Kirk&Co.
LIMITED
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 1441 aai 468
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
In Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
HastingsForatareCo.LtA
41 HMtiifi itnet Wen
BB 8UBB TOU OBI
VAN BROS.
VHJff TOU ASK rOB
-CIDER-
anl Non-alcoholic wiiet ef all
UNION   MEN'S   ATTENTION
Labor Power Regenerated
—at .the—
MODEL CAFE
Meals of the Best—Pricei
Sight
P. Gibb
57 Cordova St. W.
Near the Logger,1 HaU
OLELAND- DIBBLE   ENGRAVING OOMPANT
Ilattet
PHOTO SNOEAVESS
COMMERCIAL A1TISTB
?hoat Saymour 71*9
Thirl  Floor,  World  Bulldlo,,  Vancouver, B. O.
A REAl TREAT AWAITING TOU
_   a will liu.n PAMPHLET, cruand Ml tl M
fACTS. It Ut* m ihW M. MEXICO.
I. E. Serf, r, mt* "Th. WaU". OeMeed. Cd
n."cn. spiracv against Mexico-i„ „.,««
fern, it ilr.iiht from lb* .hould.r, It im.lU of PETROLEUM to**, inl.i|w. el Ike JESUIT, Ktl the M ~
ler* el ENGLAND end AMERICA.
ll tllMild b* weiullr leUkreMTrAmeriMiiWeA
^***   ' AUSTIN LEWH
•ruliijKto nm ewNeinc-dOT roe mom-
atlli fUIUSHIKC CO., «H IblilMk Sti.il OetleU 61
tt.. IS 00 pet 100, ell eh«|M preeeH
EXCERCISE AND   KEEP WELL
A few minutes a day with a
pair of Dumb Bells, Indian
Club», or a Striking Bag will
keep you well. It li to your
advantago to keep physically
flt. Wo have a full stock of
health-giving equipment.
TISDALL'S LIMITED
The Completo Sporting
Ooods Store
018   HASTINGS   ST.  WJ5ST
Phono Soy. 152
NOTHING IS MORE HEALTHFUL
After a day'a labor
than a
Bottle of II na r.
FAU I* PAD FOB BT
LUMBER WOBKEBS Or
TBE 0. B. V.
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
IBIS PAOE IS DBYOTBD TO I»TBB-|
ESTS OF THE LUMBE1 WOBSIM
UNIT OF THE 0. B. V.
TWELFTH YEAR.    No. 6
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MOANING, FEBRUARY 6, 1920.
$2.00 HER YEAR
News of the Lumber Workers Industrial Unit of the O.B.U.
■50,000 in 1920.
CAMP REPORTS
MURKAYVIMjE
Wol vcrton Lumbor Company Oamp
Cook house run by contract. For
changes on blll-of-fare, you flrst
■et meat roasted, then atewed,
then made Into a meat pie, and
Anally served up as hash. The
etyle of serving relishes on table Is
quite up-to-date, for as the dinlntt
room warms up the cork blows out
of the ketchup and sprays over
your food. The other day one of
the corks blew out with a report
a little louder than usual owing to
the strong fermentation, and tho
cook, who Is a' woman, becamo
alarmed and wanted to know lf
anybody got hurt would they receive compensation. The boys got
up a petition asking for a new
cook, and as soon as lt waB hand-
ad ln aome members wero fired for
being agitators. Apparently this
Arm considers that these men
ahould be considered aB seditious
conspirators and be placed in the
penitentiary. Maybe the firm will
refer the matter to A. J. Andrews
In Winnipeg and see if these agitators for better grub cannot be
oharged under the Criminal Con-
eplracy Act.
WILBORE CHANNEL
Munn, Kerr A Demars Camp
Grub good, but other conditions
need improving; no proper landing
facilities; have to walk out to
oamp on boom sticks. Company
trying to speed up crew by having
bull buoker act in a too officious
manner instead of being satisfied
with a fair day's work by each
man. Company seems to think
that the men are machines without
any limit to their speed, but machines will balk when you overcrowd them with work and so will
human beings, aa company has
found out. Five buckers and one
sot ot fallera have already ault on
account of this speeding process,
and unless company changes its
tactics this camp will get a bad
reputation.
STAVE PALLS, B. C.
Camp No. t
Grub rotten; 24 men sleep In
bunk house 14x26; no bath or dry
houBe; wet clothes drip on men
ln top bunks; burn orude oil,
which smokes and smells rank.
One bunk houBe on scow filled
and tipped over. It any worker
complains,   he  Is  branded  a  red
COLLECTION   PROM   MCLEOD'S
CAMP POR OIIASE STRIKERS
McKlnley and Johnson, J10.
Contributions of $6 each as follows; Joe Phelbault, Jej^ Wagner,
Hugh MeDougall, J. V. Eokley, W.
A. Eakley, . Chas. Askins, Geo.
Lowery, B. MacLeod, Joe Sweeney,
Panlson Ollson, E. AnderBon, Sam
Moore, J. Jolce, Fred Johnson, A.
Marshall.
Jack Shnythvlskl, »2.60.
Contributions of »2 each os follows: A. G. MacDougall, Geo. La-
polnt, David Andrews, C. Hill,
Frank Andrews, H. Perins, Hllmer
Iveraon, Iver Johnson, Pete Yalia-
mic, Nick DlBordy.
Conrwtlbutlons of *l-00 each, as
follows: James Purdy,. W. Gib-
eon, P. Berry, L. Potter, D. A. MacLeod.      _____
BELMONT
Surf Inlet-Camp
Conditions rotten; bunk houses
In filthy condition; a man needs
a boat to get to toilet; company
oharges the highest price they can
get for everything they sell at
the Btore. The bunch working
here needs education, as they
aeem content to put up with any
conditions so long as they have
a lob.	
Contributions to Striko Fund
The following contributions to
the Kimberly . etrlke fund from
Nelson district: J. Shore, »6; Edgar Peterson, fl; Dan ChlBholm,
|i; Alfred Bolleau, |6; P. Sylvester, tl; J. Raymond, fl; Wm.
Deroy, fl; D. A. Macdonald, .5;
j. B. Gibson,  fl;   — tt., U.
REVELSTOKE DISTRICT
Kingston Creek Camp
Report from this camp states
that the management does not try
to breed Bolshevism. Union men
are welcome to work ln camp;
up-to-date ceokhouso, pantry and
neat house; bunk houses are not
quite up-to-date, but are a good
deal better , than the average
through the district. Electrio
lights supplied, and place well lit
up and quite cheerful; cabins are
not crowded; try not to exceed
alx men In each cabin. Company
le not narrow-minded, and does
not object to labor literature being sent to camp.
FROM KAMLOOPS DISTRICT
"What Are Our Provincial Health
Lows"
And why are they not enforced?
Why not enforce tho laws, and
have the workers In this dlstlrct
satisfied? As any employer knows
that a satisfied crew will do their
work moro willingly than when
they know that they have got to
come Into camp and roll Into an
old bunk where there Is no
spring or mattresses to rest his
tired limbs after a hard day's
work. And also compelled to
hang his wet clotheB up around
tho stove In the same building
that he sleeps ln, and knowing
that the health laws calls for a
dry house, and bath house. How
can the workers ln thc lumber industry be content with conditions
the way they exist ln this district?
And another thing that le very
bad ln the dlatrlct, Is the water
aupply, whloh le often taken from
the river or ereek below the oamp
after all the refuse from the
eamp haa been thrown Into the
creek. And such water is lots of
times being used to cook with,
and for the men to drink, and if
the men kick, to the Board of
Health for the enforcement of
the Health Act, there Is nover
anything done. And often they
are called Reds, Bolsheviks and
various other names. Now there
is one way to remedy the inhuman conditions that now exist tn
this district, and that l8 to enforce
the health laws of this Province.
CRANBROOK DISTRICT
The Cranbrook district held Its
general meeting on Sunday, January 25, and it was a great success.
There wero 22 delegates representing 1050 members ,and 1G0 of the
rank and file were present.
The meeting was called to order
at 10 a.m. by acting chairman Ar-
mand Z. Vlau. Armand Z. Vlau
elected to chair.
Nominations- for secretary-treasurer: J. H. Thompson, nominated
by Chas. McPhall, seconded by Tom
Galloway. There were no other
nominations; J. II, Thompson was
re-elected.
Nominations for district executive board to consist ot five members. Eight members were nominated as follows: Chaa McPhall,
Armand Z. Viau, John Corrle, R.
McKay, Tom Galloway, 0. J. Dan-
deneau, Joseph Langlols, Dave
Coffey. To be voted on by ballot
by entire district.       ~
Financial report for half year
ending December, 1919, read by
secrotary-lreasurer. Accepted as
read.
Moved tbat Mrs. J. H. Thompson
be placed on the ofllce staff at a
salary of f20 per week and that
tho secretary go out to the camps
and organize.    Motion carried.
Moved, that alt names of members ln hospital be posted up in
ball. Amendment, that delegates
notify secretary of members Injured ln camps.    Carried.
Moved, that secretary be given
power to furnish fruit, tobacco,
etc., to the members in hospital.
Carried.
Moved, tbat members of this district be assessed Lo create a fund
not to exceed $500 to pay expenses
to delegates who incur expenses
while on union business.    Carried.
Moved, that members be assessed the sum of 25 cents per month
until sufficient funds are on linnd.
Moved, that the above question
be voted pn by ballot.    Carried.
Moved, that the secretary pay
expenses to delegates coming to
ofllce on union business.    Carried.
Moved, that a library be established in union hall.   Carried.
Committee appointed to advise
on formation and books as follows: E. R. Pay, Armand Z. Viau,
O. J. Dandendeau.
Moved, that employment ofllce
be established with secretary in
charge and that he notify employers in district. Employment card
to be given.   Carried.
Report on convention rend by 13.
R. Pay.
Moved, that secretary can furnish supplies in time of need to
men on strike.    Carried.
Meeting adjourned at 5 p.m. till
7 p.m.
Meeting called to order at 7
p.m.
District Camp Conditions
Moved, that contract boarding
houses be done away with. Amendment, that camp committees take
this up with their employers.
Amendment carried.
Moved, that blankets be done
away with by 1st of May and employers provide two double blankets, sheets, pillows and pillow slips.
Sheets and slips to be washed
once a week and blankets every
three months. Employees to pay
25 .cents per week to defray laundry costs. Amendment, that 50
cents per. month be paid. Amendment carried.
Moved, that no bunkhouses'shall
be lesB than 18 by 24, nor containing more than six single iron beds,
each with springs and mattresses.
Moved, that minimum wage be
$4.50 low for this district. Carried.
Moved, that kitchen staff be supplied with sufficient help so that
they will not have to work more
than eight hours per day. Carried.
Moved, that employers provide
cash for railway fare for men quitting (or being fired) to get to town,
same to be deducted from pay.
Carried.
Motion, that semi-monthly pay
act be enforced.   Carried.
Moved, that executive board take
up question of paymaster at Yahk
with Mr. Holmes, or with C. P. n.
Forestry branch (R. J. Pretty) at
Calgary.
We recommend an amendment
to Section 4 of the Workmen's
Compensation Board requirements
for flrst aid.
First aid: Every employer who
is situated more than Ave miles
from the office of a medical practitioner and employing one or more
men, shall at all times maintain
In or about such place of employment, satisfactory means of transportation to carry all injured workmen to the nearest hospital. Carried.
Moved, that licensed "first aid"
man shall be employed In oamps
where there are 10 to 25 men, and
an additional one for every 25 mon
thereafter.    Carried.
Moved, that clauses 26 and 27 of
coaat camp conditions be adopted.
Carried,
Motion, that clauses be drafted
and submitted to the Mountain
Lumbermen's Association for negotiation.   Carried.
Meeting closed at 10 p.m.
The following amounts have
been received to pay expenses ot
delegates to convention:
Employees at Ross Seek Lumber
Co., 194.75; O. J. Dandenean, 12;
Staple Camp, $8.00; J. H. Thompson, $2.25.
Lumber Workera Industrial Union
—Mall Uncalled for, Feb. S, 1920
A. Auer, S. G. Anderson, Anton
Autere,  W.  H.  Anderson.
Pete p. Brandt, Alexis Beau-
doln, On Berens, P. Boyllss, G,
Butler.
Armand Challfoux, Chas, Carlson, Wilferd Camire, Michael
Chisholm, John Cameron, P. Ca-
huba,. S.  Carlberg.
Dalton Deacon, P. Dougherty,
O, George Dean, James S. Davidson,
G. EnvercopB.
Otto  Fransen.
Alex. Gordachuk, Nell Gunning.
M. E. Hanley, Wm. Hushin, H.
O. Hendrigsen, Laurl Hill, Eino
Haapanen, George Hestor, Pete
Henderson.
—Johnston, Albert V. Jones, G.
J. Johnson.
Bert Kemp, G. R. Kunk, N.
Kllllmnlk, Jos. Kush'ner.
Jock Losky, Samuel Lee, Geo.
Lacoss, James Lindsay.
Bertram  Mills,  Daniel  Mllligan,
A. H. Mattews, Robert Melberg,
Athrur Melrose, C. Matchunas, G.
Moffat,  John  Moshier.       '
P. McAteor, Dewey McNaugh-
ton. Walt MoDonald.
Sandy Nelson, W. A. Nolen,
Daniel O'Mera, Alik Olsen, Oscar Oland,
P. Patterson, J. H. Pllnt, Geo.
Pennler, Mattl Pelto, Roy Porritt,
J. Potyandl.
John Relton.
W. H. Stevens, M. Smelter, Wm.
Shore, Geo. Siduk, A. Steves, L.
Staonko,
R. Taulbatt, Ole Tolo, J. Thomp-
son,  — Threfall.
Wilfrid Vahlqulst, Francis Vet-
quoskey, A. Volf.
Frank Woolsey, Thomas Watson,
Papers, ete.
Ed.  Clark,  Oscar A. Anderson,
B. Kemp,  Tom  Timothy.
Donation received from the
Summerland Lumber Company
employees at Allenby to the
Chase  strike  fund  of $77.73.
Also donation from Cranbrook
to the Chase strike fund of $46
received  at   Kamloops  ofllce.
NOTICE
A. Dickson, sawyer, had hl.s leg
broken at the Crows Nest Lumber
Co. camp 2, Skookumchuck, on
Friday, Jan. 23rd, and Is now In
the hospital at  Cranbrook.
Boom Likely in Lumber Industry
******
******
******
******
Men Must Organize to Take Advantage
From all reports coming
hand It looks aa though there will
be a busy time thie coming spring
and summer ln the lumber in-,
dustry. According to a statement
made by Walter Thorn, preaident
of the Western Retail Lumbermen's Association, the price of
lumber Is to be advanced, and
will not come down for some
time.
It Is therefore up to the workers ln the lumber Industry to get
organized, and take advantage
the boom by getting the best
wages and conditions that the
market will Btand.
The following clipped from the
Province  gives  the  details:
Big Timber Deal Is Effected
A deal for a halt billion feet of
timber has been concluded by the
Crows Nest Pass Lumber Company of Wardner, B. C, according to W. Barclay, sales manager,
who Is In the city attending the
convention of the Western Lumbermen's Association. *
In order to handle the contract
another mill will be erected at an
early date. The timber for thia
contract, which Is one of the biggest announced for some time, is
for general building trade purposes. The present capacity of
the company's plant is thirty million feet. Mr. Barclay stated, and
when the new mill is put up the
capacity  will  be  doubled.
Mr. Barclay stated that the outlook for the timber industry le
most promising. Demand for
Canadian timber has Increased tb
such an extent that many mills
which have been Idle are being
put   Into   commission   again.
Lumber prices are likely to advance and not come down for
some time, according to statements made by ■ Walter Thorn,'
Moose Jaw, president of the Western Retail Lumbermen's Association. The price paid for lumber'
in Canada, he said, wtll be the
American market price, plus ex-c
change, and if freight rates are*
increased, Canadian buyers ma-/
have to pay a higher prico for
Canadian lumber than Americans.
Record Price for Pine
A  general advance   ranging all'
the way from $5 to $12 or more'
tofa thousand feet has taken place
ln the Ottawa lumber market
during the past few days, and due
prospects are that prices will
still go higher before the spring
months. Early this week, a new
high price record was aet when
the manufacturers asked $125 a
thousand feet for pine, good siding, inch, Inch and one-quarter
and up. Two-Inch also advanced
$5  a  thouand  feet.
Discovery by government chemists   and   efficiency   engineers,- of
ofj%umerous ways In which waste
from lumber miliar wood working
factories and other enterprises ot
a like nature may be used to
much profit, promises to be a boon
to the lumber industry in this
country. Government experts have
been carrying on timber tests, and
havo reached some Interesting
conclusions. Utilization of waste
from the numerous woods has
been the object of much experimenting. As an example, the
manufacture of lath calls for annual production of about 68,000,-
000 feet, every bit of which is
now   made  from waste   timber.
In the manufacture "of chairs
and chair stock, more than 87,-
000,000 feet ot waste material ts
used, and 101,000,000 feet of
waste material now goes Into the
construction of woodenware and
novelties. The largest Item of
saving Ib in boxes and crates, in
which Industry nearly 600,000,000
feet of waste lumber Is used. Certain industries have been built up
ln the distillation of hard woods,
ln which 70 per cent, of the hardwood used might be termed waste.
The woods mostly used ln this industry are beech, birch and maple, from which wood alcohol,
acetate of lime, charcoal and hard
wood tars are made. One of the
<thihgs to which the government
experts are giving special attention is the manufacture of wood
ptllp from wood waste.
''■ "Already a large number of mills
In^'the Southern States operate
.<j|HUlht>st exclusively on waste material, producing the so-called
"kraft" papers. Another means
of utilizing waste material Is in
th'e tanning extract industry. Tests
tohow that the waste from chest'
nut lumber is as rich in tanning
as1- the solid wood, and experiments   are   now   being   conducted
with a view of utilizing the sawdust, slabs and chips. The Osage
orange Is the source of supply of
a yellow extract which is used to
produce a series of yellow and
brown eolora used for .dyeing leather, paper, and textiles. The
wood now being used Is practically waste which comes from Oklahoma and Texas.
Sawdust has constituted one of
the great wastes of lumber operations. While a great deal of lt
Is burned at the mills to furnish
steam power for machinery, ln
many cases the supply has been
greater than the demand. Sawdust
haa, to a very small extent, been
used as a fuel In gas producers,
but when so used lt Is necessary to
mix It with chips to prevent
backing.
In Los Angeles a - plant Is In
operation . which mixes sawdust
with other ingredients to form a
fuel briquette which Ib used quite
extensively. There have been very
many other uses found for sawdust, but a very small portion of
It goes Into the making of artificial floor covering.
It has been the experience of
the forest service that each new
use found for waste material has
resulted In the establishment of
plants to utilize some portion of
the great quantity of the waste
material, and lt Is hoped that In
due time some use can be found
for every part of the tree, once
lt is down.
WANTED
Any one knowing the present
address of Alex. Bothwell, last
year working at Jackson Bay,
please communicate with Vancouver headquarters.
It. Bergman, B325, was fatally
injured at Campbell River on Jan.
27, and died a few hours later in
the hospital.
NOTICE
All members desiring to contribute to The Federationist, must
send  it  in  through   headquarters.
Paris—Paul Painleve, minister
of war 'in 1917, "knew nothing
whatever" about Auutria's offer
for a separate peace ln March,
1917, he declared In a recent Interview. There were only four
people that were let into the secret, he said—President Polncare,
Premier Alexandre Ribot and
King George and Lloyd Georgo in
England.
Where Is your union button?
STATEMENT  SHOWING   AMOUNTS   REMITTED   BV   DELEGATES
DURING THE PERIOD FROM 1ST OCTOBER, 1010, TO
31ST DECEMBER, 1910
Gross tunount Deduct           Net amount
Delegate No.                         of Remittance   Com.   Expenses.    Remitted.
Ill $ 15.00 .... ....        f     15.00
C. A  2.00 .... .... 2.00
1831  24.00       .... 24.00
64  42.00 2.00 .... 40.00
376  64.25   64.25
377  29.00            29.00
370  216.85 .... 4.25 212.60
1560  97.00 4.00 1.25 91.75
M. A i  26.00 .... :.... 26.00
1  48.00       .10 47.90
15  19.50 1.00 .50 18.00
185  56.00 .... .... 66.00
55 i.. 38.00 2.00 .... 86.00
228  12.00 3.00 .... 9.00
303  18.00 2.50 .... 15.60
282  2.00             2.00
387  226.76 14.00 14.36 198.40
1651  2.00 ....      2.00
S. B  4.00 .7.. .... 4.00
393  136.00 2.00 1.00 133.00
1674  1.00             1.00
167  18.00   18.00
66  67.00 2.60 .... 64.50
67  6.00 .... .50 6.50
348  2.00      i      2.00
C. C  2.00       .... 2.00
217  18.00 1.50 .... 16.60
28  20.25       ..I.. 20.25
386  162.00 10.00 2.40 149.60
283  22.00 i....' .... 22.00
281  63.55 2.00       . 61.65
372  183.13 9.50 2.60 171.13
323..  163.00 9.00 .... 164.00
09   80.00       .42 79.58
1737  63.00 1.50   ' 1.60 60.00
175  COO .... .... 6.00
305  119.25 2.60 .26 116.60
104  83.00 7.00 ,.... 26.00
1413  22.00 ,.... 1.35 20.66
1558  3.00 .50 .... 2.50
$71  29.00 $,.00 .... 26.00
14  66.20 ..... .20 66.00
1552  13.00       i.... 13.00
73  103.09       .09 103,00
828  38.00 .60 1.00 86.50
367  6.00 1.60 .... 4.50
389  30.00      i t.... 80.00
76  21.00 ....    t  21.00
30  100.00 .... 2.00 98.00
H. E. G  300       .... 3.00
17  27.03 i.... 1.60 25.53
299  16.00 .60 ;.... 15.60
1740  24.00   24.00
46  18.00 2.00 .... 16.00
26  72.00       ..... "TI.00
61  30.55 .... .65 80,00
62  66.00 8.00 .... 53,00
291...  54.00 2.00 .... 52.00'
137  16.00 ......      16.00
272 .' 66.00 ....       66.00
888  62.50 4.00 1.50 57.00
S88  47.00   37.00
376  112.00 4.50      107.00
1496 <■■ 59.00 .... .... 59.00
1486.  3.00   8.001
1739  11.00 .... 1.00 10.00'
60  139.00   139.00
261..,  54.00 7.50      46.60
248...  46.00 8.00 .... 48.00
T. 6. J  24.00 1.60 .... 22.50
342  88.00 6.50 .... 82.50
861  2.00    .... 2.00
1744  17.00 1.00 1.00 16.00
W. I). J  19.00       .60 18.60
45  6.00 .60 .... 4.50
150  29.00   29.00
A. K  6.00 .60      4.50
112 i  160.60 9.50 1.00 66.00
340  8.00       .... 8,00
118  42.00 6.00 .... 37.00
•46  5.00 .... .... C.00
316  16.25 .... .... 16.26
$43  16.00 1.00 .... 14.00
196  26.00 6.60 .... 20.60
41  46.00  46.00
1816  140.00 $.00 2.00 182.00
III  12.21 .60' ..... 11.76
111  20.00 .60 ,.... 19.60
85  2.00
144  180.00
8  2.00
'    161  3.00
278  61.00
298  12.00
294  89.00
306  80.00
331  79.00
319 44.00
344  112.03
1563  30.00
380  1.00
1500  6.00
1747.. „.. 81.00
1745  22.00
1836.  4.00
351...;  6.00
129  6.00
D. Mc : 2.00
231  28,00
117  67,00
37  84.00
88  43.00
36  114.00
280  124.00
D. F. Mc  28.00
336  185.00
329  49.00
1729  86.00
1495  9.00
1746  3.00
98  71.00
247 i  2.00
3S2  58.00
63  92.08
260  21.76
1571  10.00
1834  20.00
1838  46.00
268  140.50
228  8.00
879..  202.25
16C4  83.00
1566  10.00
203  10.00
263  163.04
275  106.00
214 <  11.00
346  85.18
1567  72.00
M. R  9.00
1835  24.00
19  96.00
•  289  8.00
102  32.00
101  110.50
1494  48.00
9  72.00
I             23  7.00
107  122.00
74  97.00
229  35.08
242 '  106.97
289  1C.00
287  58.00
25  62.05
373  39.00
1493  22.00
1T36  31.00
1742  2.00
J. S  6.90
SU...  24.00
6  28.00
369  46.00
1572  47.00
184  78.00
198  24.00
W. W. W  73.65
92  7.00
386  61.00
341  28.00
W. K. W ;  6.00
327....  4,00
347  (6.00
310....  11.00
1659  83.35
1826  27.00
Total remittances as per	
our statement of income
and expenditure  $8,238.20
Vancouver, B. C,
24th January, 1920.
5.00
7.00
7.60
2.00
7.00
3.00
1.60
.60
6.70
2.00
1.00
.50
1.00
6.00
.50
.60
3.50
1.50
4.00
7,00
.50
8.00
2.00
.50
1.00
16.00
1.00
1.60
4.00
.50
1.00
6.00
V.00
1.00
1.00
4.00
8.50
12.00
.60
5.00
' 6.50
6.00
1.00
1.90
1.00
5.00
11.50
1.00
1,00
1.50
6.00
7.00
.12
.'.50
.25
,66
.08
.25
5.50
.18
1.70
.10
.15
1.50
.60
i.65
.ex
.50
.50
3.00
.67
2.00
10.69
2.00
175.00
2.00
3.00
52.00
12.00
74.80
78.00
78.40
43.00
104.53
27.00
1.00
6.00
30.00
-20.50
4.00
6.60
6.00
2.00
28.00
66.38
34.00
43.00
110.00
124.00
27.00
179.00
49.00
36.00
7.50
3.00
70.25
1.50
57.44
92.00
18.00
8.50
20.00
86.60
133.32
7.50
102.65
31.00
9.50
9.00
140.66
106.00
9.90
33.50
72.00
9.00
24.00
91.00
6.00
31.00
106.00
■ 48.00
68.00
6.
121.00
90.45
30.90
93.97
16.00
53.00
65.05
33.35
21.00
31.00
2.00
5.00
28.40
28.00
42.00
46.43
73.00
24.00
62.16
7.00
48.00
16.31
4.50
3.50
66.50
11.00
77.10
20.00
Correspondence
Editor B. C. i- e-U.-atlonist: At
the but. convention of loggers
there waa a certain delegate
who camo from a fairly large
camp, who waa unanimously instructed by a crew of over 70
men to take up at thc convention the betterment of the conditions for the dining room and
kitchen staffs; to shorten the
day by supplying sufficient help,
and also to see that flunkies and
bull cooks should have at least
two days off a month, and a
minimum wage, which was to
apply to all who came under
the camp cookhouse, and have
same discussed at the convention,
for there would be more cooks
and flunkies there then to set a
minimum wage. Now they, the
L. W. I, U., have a minimum
wage for working outside of six
dollars a day, and an eight-hour
day, so it is about time that
the membership of the L. W.
I. U. were thinking of those who
have to work from 12 to 16
hours a day, for they are collecting dues from them regular
ly, and holler their heads off if
they do not belong to the I. W.
I. U.
Now how can they expect
cooks, flunkies and bull cooks to
keep on paying dues to that
union, and not get any protection or assistance from the membership. They do not realise
wjmt they have to go through,
and ln fact they do not care as
long as the meal is waiting for
them thre# times a day. A lot
like to come ln before bed time
and have a doughnut and a piece
of pie if the cook is good natur-
ed enough to let them have it,
and if he doesn't why then he is
a regular crank and a lot of
other things that I could not
mention. Now this is true and
a lot of the members of the
L. W. I. U. know it is for a fact.
It is now time that the cooks,
flunkies and bull cooks were getting together and* bettering themselves, for if we are going to
wait for help from those we are
feeding, we will have to wait.
The L. W. I. U has now been
organized one year, and I will say
it hae bettered the conditions of
the loggers a great deal, because
the majority of camps are coming
through with their demands, but
in the length of the year, the conditions haVe not improved in
the cookhouse. It has made it
harder since they got the six-
chair tables in. Before lt was a
little easier for the flunkies with
long tables ,and easier on the dish
washer, but since the short tables
came in the flunkies have more
walking and more dishes to put
on the tables, but not more help.
Now a good many flunkies can
verify this for they know Jt to
be afact.
Now, if the members of the L.
W. I. U. expect tho cook-house
staff to pay dues into their un
lon, they will have to help to
protect th*n a little for I know
of sevearl cooks and flunkies who
do not intend to pay any more
dues until their conditions" are
bettered. So now it is up to the
membership of the L, W. I, U.
to start and help them for they
have helped you.
In the city the cooks and waiters work 8 hours a day and six
days a week and time and a
half for overtime. Now why cannot it be the same in the camps?
It can by the whole membership
getting together and when they
strike for their rights outside to
also strike for the rights of those
working Inside.
Now I would like to get the
viewpoint of others on this matter.
Yours for emancipation,
I.   H.   ERICKSON,
867  Hastings St.   E,
General Items
PROPAGANDA.  MEETING
Propaganda meeting, . Sunday,
Feb. 1, 1820, held at 61 Cordovt
atreet weat, Vancouver,
The meeting waa called to ordei
at 2 p.m. by Fellow Worker Grle-
der, who stated that a committee
had decided to hold ft propaganda
meeting to discuss things ln general.
Fellow Worker McKinnon wai
elected chairman, and Alexander
secretary.
Moved   and    seconded:    "That .
the matter of the Illegality of the
convention   be   discussed."     Carried.
The following amended motion
was carried: "That thla propaganda meeting of approximately
250 members, go on record ai
considering that the convention
held on the 6th, 7th and 8th oi
January should be declared ille-
al on the grounds that Fellow
Workers McKnlght, Lamont, Cow.
an and Keane were allowed to be
seated at convention contrary to
the constitution of the L. W. L
U."
The matter re declaration ol
war by the lumbermen upon the
organization, was then discussed,
and the following motion was
carried: "That as many membera
as possible be recommended to
take out credentials as camp
delegates."
Meeting adjourned at 4:45 p.m.
The Fight for Democracy
How a returned Canadian sol
dler was treated by an American
Lumberman in B. C. Hired
November 26, at $5 per day,
wages were cut on January 8 by
Mr. Hough, then manager for the
O'Neill, Irvine & Mann Lbr. Co.
When pressed for the reaaon, said
If you were a carpenter we could
give you $5 a day. (Is there any
carpenter so low as to work for
$5 a day at this time? I can't
believe it.) The returned man
continued to work till fired by
Mr. Hough. When tho reason was
requested why he was being <!!«■
charged, he said no reason. (Just
don't want you. that's all.) The
veteran then asked him If that
was tho way that he treated hln
employees, also If that was the
way that ho treated the returned
.men thut had gone over there to
do his fighting for him. No reply
was given. A meeting was called
by the O. B. U. delegate, foreman
under which the man was work
fng was Interviewed, regarding
whether this man was satisfactory
the reply waB perfectly satisfactory. (Foreman's name Is fete
Hendrickson,)   Committee therl in
terviewed Mr, Hough, who told
them that the work the man wai
employed on was let out by contract, so they would not need him
any more. He was then asked
whether it would be possible foi
him to put this man back to work
at some other part of the works.
He replied—no, They were going to tet out some more mea
ln a few days. (The next day
three men were put to work al
noon.) Mr. Hough was then Informed that there was quite a lot
of feeling In the camp regarding
the way this man was being discharged, as he was a returned
man,, also a married man. He replied he was sorry that the occasion had arisen as it had, that
he had to discharge a returned
man, but under the circumstance!
lt was unavoidable. He was then
asked whether it was because hi
was the O. B. U. delegate. The
reply waa — no — and the veteran then hit the trail. I wan!
to appeal to all workers and
especially returned men that havs
not yet signed up In the O. B. ■
U. to do so at once, so that auch
things as this cannot occur again,
Do it now, boys. Show -the stufl
that took you over the top.
Yours for the Cause,
DELEGATE 683.
Salmo, B. C.  (Boulder Creek.)
Then follows:
Further Developments
Labor papers held up or destroyed since the returned man
was flred by the O'Neill, Irvine
& Mann Lbr. Co, The delegate
appointed by the members of ths
O. B, II. had not received any labor papers. He Inquired at tht
company's office whether any papers had come for him and wai
told—no. Upon receiving two letters saying that the papers had
been forwarded he became suspicious, so quit work and went to
" "mo Tost Offlce to make enquiries. Was told by the postal
authorities two bundles of paper*
had been taken from the Post
Office by the timekeeper of the
camp. Returning to camp to seo
if he could get same was again
told (hat no papers had come.
Delegute then told them that the
papers had been delivered to the
timekeeper by the post office authorities at Salmo and he wanted to know where they were, Mr.
Mann, the new manager of the
company then asked the delegate what kind of papera they
were. He was informed that they
were copies of the O. B. U. Bulletin, the Federatlonist and* thl
Clarion labor papers. Mr. Mann
then said, "Who the hell do you
think would pack your wobbly
stuff around for you?" Delegate
asked him why they took mall
matter from the Salmo Post Office and not deliver same to him
when addressed to him, the dele-
Kate personally. No definite answer was given to this. Mr. Mann
then aslted delegato where tha
members of the O. B. U. held
their meetings. He was told In
the bunk houses. Mr. Mann then
said that thc O. B. u. would
have to build their own hall.-
(Does Mr. Mann live under the
impression that he wtll tell the
workers of B. C. when and whero
they will hold their meetings? If
so, the sooner he gets rid of that
impression the bettor for his company.)
Mr. Ancre, the woods foreman,
then accused the delegate of coming  buck  to camp  to  cause  trouble,   also   of   being   an   agitator,
(Continued en page 4)
1319.40        193.77        $7,825.03
Certified Correct
(Sgd.)  BUTTAR ft CHIKNE,
Chartered Accountants.
DIRECTORY OF DISTRICT OFFICES
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Pringe George, B.C...F. Knowles Drawer 20
Prince Rupert, B.C...J. H. Burrough ...Box 833
Victoria, B. 0 J. Stevenson 1424 Gov't Street
Edmonton, Alta 0. Berg 10333-lOlst St.
Prince Albert, Sask...W, Cowan 108-8th St. E.
Sudbury, Ont T. Mellows Box 600
Sudbury Hotel
Port Arthur, Ont R. Lockhead 281 Bay Street
Fort Francis, Ont T. Mace Box 300
Webster Hall
iSaesL. FAGE POUR
twelfth tear. No. i    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     vancouveb, a a
IBE B.C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by The B. 0.
Federationist. Limited ,
S. WBLLS...
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Unity ot Labor; Ibe Hope or tbe World
FRIDAY.
a  February   6,   1920
•"TIES PRESS DESPATCHES from
■*• Vladivostok on. Tuesday revealed
some rather interesting things. The
first thing noticed in'these items was the
faet that the Bolsheviki following was
growing in this district,
PLOWING and that instead of the
THE Soviet Government losing
SANDS adherents,  it  is  gaining
them in quarters that
have been looked upon as immune from
the new form of society that has been
established in Russia. Much more, however, was revealed. We are told that at
Nikolsk the Japanese troops were either
insufficient or unwilling to interfere when
the Reds took control. Another significant admission was that it would soon
become difficult for Allied officers to remain there. If we had been told that it
would have been impossible for Allied
troops to remain there, there would have
been nothing very significant in it, except
that it would indicate that the Reds were
thoroughly in control, but taking the two
statements that the Japanest troops were
either insufficient or unwilling to interfere, and that it would be impossible for
Allied officers to remain there, it would
appear that the sympathies of the troops
of the Allied countries were with the new
oi'der. This assumption can be further
backed up by the words of many men
who have returned from that country who
were either with the Canadian or TJ. S.
expeditionary forces. It can also be
borne out by the fact that it was the Bolsheviki troops fraternizing with the German forces on the eastern front during
the war that first brought about a breakdown in the morale of the Teutonic forces.
Thus we see that ideas, born of material
conditions, are stronger than machine
guns ot other implements of warfare. The
idea of the Allied countries shutting off
what is termed Bolshevism, which is
nothing more than Socialism—with capitalistic press atrocity trimmings—from
the rest of Europe by a military cordon,
is nonsensical, for ideas that are formulated out of conditions that.prevail can
travel faster than can the shells from
guns big or little, and force and repression have never killed any ideas but
the ones of those that use them. .
«        *        a -
It is a long way from Vladivostok to
Winnipeg. It might be assumed that
there is nothing that coulchbe put forward that could make it possible to form
an analogy, but there is no happening on
the face of the earth at this date, which
has not a significance and from which a
parallel cannot be drawn by those that
' study world conditions. Last week Mr.
A. J. Andrews, K. C, chief counsel for the
prosecution in the trials of the labor men
. in Winnipeg, said that "The Crown would
urge that this ease was brought down to
test the legality of the One Big Union,
and the general strike in Winnipeg." This
to say the least is letting tlie cat out of
the bag. We have been told that the
charge was one of seditious conspiracy,
and an attempt to overthrow the government by force. As a matter of fact the
0. B.--U. was not in existence when the
general strike was called.
* ♦ •
But the idea of the new organization
was in the minds of many men. Just as
the idea of forming a trade union was in
the heads of many men in those early
days of trades unionism, when it was illegal to belong to such an organization.
In those days repressive forces were used
to kill this idea. Judging from the statements of Mr. Andrews, similar measures
are to be taken to kill the new ideas born
of new conditions in this country, and
thc question of the legality of the O.B.U.
is to be determined by the prosecution of
men who took a leading part in the
spreading of the new conception of a
labor organization. The Socialist Party
of Canada has also figured in this trial,
and very evidently it has been desired to
implicate this organization in the realms
of doubt as to legality. Yet it must be admitted that in the particulars supplied by
thc prosecution to the defense, in so far
as to those supposed to be engaged in the
.seditious conspiracy, those mentioned are
men who have taken an active part in the
industrial organizations of the country.
If it is the intention of the Crown to
prove these organizations illegal, the
effort'will fail, the actual organization
may be eliminated for a time, but the
ideas will spread. The Socialist propaganda will go on just'as rapidly as before if not with more momentum. The
idea of a new form of organization will
also develop, beeause thc conditions that
first gave birth to the Socialist philoso-
phy,- and the concepts of a new labor organization, still remain, and will become
more and more intensified as a result of
the development of capitalism. In Great
Britain where conditions are not all similar to those in this country, there is an
ever stronger desire to co-ordinate the
'workers by the method of the shop
'stewards' movement. The idea behind this
movement is the bringing togethefcof the
workers in certain areas and industries.
As capitalism develops we also_ see the
growing strength of the Socialist move;
ment in the old land; in faot in every
country in the world, and all the lawa
passed, all court decisions given to make j
Socialist and industrial organizations illegal, will have less effect than did the
anti-union laws in the early days of
trades unionism in Great Britain. They
will have less effect than has the Allied
military and economic operations against
the Soviet Governmont of Russia. Force
and repression, machine guns and prisons,
can never stop the growth of ideas that
are the direct outcome of the
conditions that prevail. Ideas are
not the outcome of the conjuring
of the brains of any individual, or group
of individuals, but come from material
conditions that surround a people. The
conditions in Canada made it possible for
the idea of an 0. B. U. to become feasible.
The conditions the world over are the
reason for the spread of the Socialist
philosophy, aud that creed, if it can be
called that, will grow, not because of any
organizations, but in spite of them.
Verily the ruling class of the world is
wasting its time plowing the sands. And
the members of the government of this
country should read history and endeavor to retain at least a portion of sanity in their dealings with the working
class.
A CORRESPONDENT has sent ns a
pamphlet entitled 'What Is Agriculture's Future Attitude Towards Organized
Labor?" This is a vital question in the
Dominion of Canada, owing to tho fact
that it is largely peopled
THE FARMER b.v an agricultural pop-
AND ulation,   the  industrial
LABOR development as yet be
ing only of a very limited nature.   What industry thero is outside of mining and lumbering is of a very
meagre quantity.   In the  pamphlet  in
question the following passage appears;
"In our own case, the one with
which we are primarily concerned,
we find ourselves compelled to recognize that every farmer through force
of circumstances is in the broadest
sense a capitalist as well as a laborer.
He is therefore without choice compelled to acknowledge  and uphold
the rights of Capital in addition to
his aoltnowleging the rights of Labor.
And Labor is in error in its supposition that this somewhat conflicting
admission in any way lessens those
great fundamental differences of environment and general  outlook . on
life which do at all times control an
agricultural community."
* * *
In dealing with the Russell case, we
stated that it waa impossible for the
farmer, who had no knowledge of industrial conditions, to see things in the
same light as do the industrial workers.
We recognize that tho farmer, owing to
the delusion he has about his ownership
of land, is liable to place himself in the
ranks of the capitalist. It is also true
that there are some farmers who are exploiters of labor, and to that extent they
are capitalists; but the majority of farmers on the prairies are men who have
homesteads, and cannot be classed as
such. The plight of the farmers in this
province can only be realized by those
that have had any close acquaintance
with them and their conditions, but it can
never be said that the capitalistic farmer
predominates in this part of the country.
In many instances their condition is even
worse than is that of the city worker.
There antipathy to any shortening of the
hours of labor can also be understood
when it is realized that they work from
sunrise to sunset, and only make a bare
existence by the most arduous toil. The
position of the farmers as a class, however, is little different to that of the industrial workers. They are exploited by
the same system. The wheat or whatever
they may produce, is sold on the market,
and they must sell it in order to live. Now
the produce of the fanner, be it wheat,
barley or oats, or any other agricultural
product, is nothing more than his labor
power embodied in his product. The
profit in raising wheat is not realized by
the man who raises it, but by those who
in many ways are exploiting the farmer
just as they are exploiting the industrial
workers. Instead of the farmer owning
his farm, tho farm owns him. He is paying, in most cases, interest to the implement manufacturers or to the banks. He
sells his product on the market, not to
those who consume, but to those who
eventually deal with it in the world's
market, and turn it over to those engaged
in the finishing of wheat or other products of the agriculturist. He is in fact
as much in the hands of the exploiting
class as is the industrial worker, only
the fact is not quite as plain to lie seen.
There is a little more trimming to the
skinning process, hut the skinning takes
place just the same; the most intensive
exploitation taking place in countries
where the farmer rents his land. That
this condition is rapidly coming to bc a
real problem on this continent is proven ■
by the ever-increasing number of farmers
in the-,D. S. A. and Canada who are renting farms. In addition to that, as the
means of production in the agricultural
industry develops, and they are developing with great rapidity—the steam plow
and the large power tractors and other
machine methods of cultivation are but
•eccnt additions to the methods employed
in this industry—the small man is being
ground between the lower and nether
millstones, and the lot of the small farmer
and homesteader is becoming more and
more difficult, and the misery of this
section becomes greater. This is not generally known to. the industrial worker,
and the attitude of the worker in the eity
towards the agriculturist, who imagines
hjs interests are with the capitalists, and
vainly places himself in the same category, must be one of tolerance, and more
and more must be done in the way of
pointing out the nature of modern production, and the class ownership of the
means of life.
The farmer^ muat realise that he is only
a cog in the production of farm products.
He must realize that social production ia
.tentuny   a,   IW*
the method of present-day society, anil
that without transportation, without tl*
machinery to grow wheat, he cannot conik
pete with those who have the necessary
equipment for production on modem and
necessary lines. Wheat is not produced
until it is in the hands of the consumer.
The farmers of Australia had this point
brought forcibly to their attention during
the war, and when they had three yeaiu
crops on their hands because of the fact
that there were no means of taking it tq
the market that was,waiting for it. Wheaf
in a wheat field is useless excopt for the
purpose of feeding gophers. To realize
the value of the product of the farmer,
it is necessary that a market be found
for it, and w-hile it is true the agriculturist
can eat a portion of his products, yet in
present-day society he cannot obtain
those things necessary for his existence,
and even to produce more wheat, or whatever his product may be, unless he can
dispose of one year's product, Wore it
is time for him to begin producing more.
If thc farmer is a capitalist, then no one
could wish to take away his capital, for
as a rule all he has is his power to labor,
and the few implements by which he carries on production, and which he is usually in debt for, and either paying interest to the manufacturers or the banks.
Time and conditions will make it
possible for the farmer to understand
the system by which he is exploited, and
timo and tide wait for no man, and tlfe
day of understanding'for the farmer is
not .far distant. When it arrives there
will be no question as to his attitude to
lalior, for he will realize that he is a part
of the dispossessed class, and his problem
a class question, with only one solution—
the changing of the system.
T AST WEEK we pointed out the
•" danger that was facing this prov-
ince, and country, by the adoption of a
labor organization busting policy by the
employers in the-lumbering and mining
industries. We also point-
MAY NOT ed out that the policy of
BE employing    labor    spies
WORTH IT     would   lead   to   trouble.
Since our last issue the
press has contained statements made by
the B. C. Loggers' Association, as to the
adoption of the open-shop .policy in the
lumber industry. These statements eon-
firm our deductions as to the attempts
that are contemplated in the labor-disrupting policies that are now being' inaugurated in the province and (country;*' I
There has, from time to time, in thc piressl
appeared tirades of abuse against |>roi
fessional labor men and labor agita .ow|
These men have been accused of all mini}
ner of crimes, and of fomenting lalidi
troubles. It is true that labor organjizaj
tions have at all times had their elected
representatives, who have been paid, -and
more or less permanent officials. The *BS
ployers' organizations have also tjtaii
paid servants.
* ■■•'■■• *
•i
On different occasions we have hae
reason to call the attention of the public
to the activities of the paid agitators of
the employers' associations. We have had
occasion to call attention to their underhand methods, and have at the present
time every reason to believe that at least
one of these officials is the main spring
behind the latest move of the lumber interests. Men are never employed unless
it Is for the results that they achieve, and
those employed by the employing inter
csts are no different to those employed
by any other section of tlie community.
In May, M19, we-published a letter sent
out by Mr. N. G. Neill of the B. C.
Employers' Association. This letter was
a confidential document sent tq.all employers of labor. One passage in this
missive intimated that a bulletin contain
ing the doings of individuals in labor or
ganizations, and the labor organizations,
would be sent to all employers. In other
words, that a black list would be established. Ample evidence is -to hand as to
the efficacy of this method of dealing with
prominent labor men, and the latest movement in the employing of labor spies is
evidently an extension of this blacklisting policy.
* * #
We also have other information as to
the activities of employers' associations
in other than the mining and lumbering
industries. Not very long ago a certain
industry was faced with trouble, satisfactory agreements were eventually entered
into between the men and their employ-
rs. This was not, however, duo to the assistance of one of the employees of an employers' association, but in spite of his
opposition and his underhand methods it)
trying to prevent a settlement, and his
efforts to establish the open shop in a
calling which has had the closed shop
principle for many years. Not content
with this opposition to a settlement vthich
was satisfactorily arrived at, this individual is at least not free from suspicion
of having been actively engaged in a boycott of those employers who first settled
up with their einployces.
* » 9 ■,
It is men of this type who today, ftre
stirring up trouble by their activities in
attempting to disrupt labor organizations.
We have further information that will, be
disclosed in due time. In the meantime
if industrial peace is desired in this pifov-
ince by the people, then it must be^in-
sisted that the workers shall have a right
to organize, and to carry on their organization work without the discriminatory methods now evidently beihg adopted. We are at no time anxious for
trouble. The labor movement does not
seek trouble, but as we have aaid before,
will not run away from it If forced upon
it. Industrial peace can never exist where
the employers are looking for trouble.
It is evident that the lumber interests,
agitated by the paid agitators of employers associations, are looking for trouble,
and they may find that it was not worth
the priee when they have got it.
Dean Quainton was quite frank at a
meeting in connection with the Anglioan
Premier Mine
Strike Under Way
(Continued from page 1)
similar amount in addition to the
previous contribution.
Tho request from tho .Winnipeg defence committee for orders for a pamphlet contrasting
the attitude of Judge Metcalfe in
the Winnipeg strikp cases with
that of Justice Cave of England
ln tho case of the Crown v. Burns
was considered, and 500 copies
ordered.
Del. Morse and the sec-treas.
both roported that tha fishermen
wero asking for flags with the O.
B. U. design for their boats, and
Dol. Morse was authorized to secure quotations.
The assistant secretary was instructed to write the city council
re the dangerous condition of the
sidewalks In the centre of the
city, owing to them being covered with ice for several days past.
Del. Field, submitted notioe of
an amendment to the constitution
of tho council as follows: "That
where a unit has two or more
sections, comprising a. member
ship of 200 or more, it shall be
optional with the unit whether it
pay to the council dues or per
capita tax."
Discussion followed, in which it
was contended that the constitution already gavo that power, the
payment of dues to the council
being merely recommended, and
that the proposed amendment was
in reality no amendment. The
proposition will bo finally considered at the next meeting of the
council.
KINO GEOROE HAS
PUBLICITY AGENT
Royalty Finding It Bard to Remain Popular Idols with
the Masses
The discount of royalty bas
teached such a point in England
that King George now employs a
publicity man, an Amerioan by
the way, to see that the king
business gots the proper amount
of favorable public mention. Perhaps an American with experience
In making us love monopolists
was particularly fitted for this
task. One of this American's
stunts has been featuring the
Prince of Wales, and readers will
recall his recent trip through
Canada and America, which made
good reading for royalty at homo,
London—As tho result of continued demands from, the two or:
ganizations of municipal workers,
tho National Union of General
Workers and the National Amalgamated Workers Union, an increase of 10 shillings a week has
been grantod municipal employees.
The unions are asking for joint
control, a minimum wage of f 20,
a mlxlmum working week of 40
hours, and a pension at 55. Fro-
visional councils have been established to deal with these demands.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
CORRESPONDENCE
(Continued from page I)
and a wobbly. The delegato told
Mr. Ancro that he was not looking for trouble, neithor was he an
agitator or a wobbly. (Does tho
experience that Mr. Ancro had
with the wobbly's on the American side also givo him the impression that when tho company
hold up or destroy mail matter
belonging to a delegate of a legitimate organization called the
O., B. U., allowed by law fo operate ln this province and thftt
when said member makes inquiries regarding some that he 'is
to ba called an agitator and a
wobbly. If he is, the sooner lie
dispels such impressions from his
brain tho better for him' and his
company. Tho delegate then informed Mr, Mann and Mr. Ancre
and the timekeeper that his bundles of papers must havo been destroyed by the company. No answer given to this. Fellow workers in or out of the union, ponder this over; realizo that a concreted effort 'is being made to
try and prevent you from having
an organization of any kind that
would Improve your conditions,
After one manager of this company had claimed that ho recognized the union, tbls is a specimen of how the other manager
is carrying out th'e recognition.
Boys, rally round, protect your
delegates ln sonje way from this
kind of treatment. Our faith in
the O.B. U. Is not Shaken the
leaat by- such occurrences, but
made the stronger.
Salmo, B. C. (Bouldor Creek),
Nelson. District Delegate.
SALMO, B. d
Boulder Creek /
Sanitary conditions rotten. Bunk
houses 16x24, fairly warm tn
winter; top and bottom bunks, S
men to a bunk house .when camp
Is full; as usual, men ln top
bunks suffocate or freeze. Bunk
houses never receive scrubbing;
are in a pretty filthy state at preaent, Grub sometimes fair; sometimes bum,' All cook house staff
sleep in dining room. One building erected for bath house and
drying room, 16x24, no water laid
on, no place to bath, nothing .to
bath ln. At present used for filing purposes, grinding axes, eta
Blankets furnished, but as far as
known never fumigated or cleaned
ln any way.
Butte, Mont.—Aotion wliich will
precipitate the bitterest Labor oon-
tost in Butte's history, it Is predicted by experienced observers,
was taken by members of the
Associated Industries and other
representatives of the exploiting
interests of the city when, In
mass meeting assembled, they
adopted the schedule of wages
and the working rules under
which, they declarod, they will
permit the building craftsmen to
labor during the coming year, and
pledged themselves to_ stand by
the programme themselves, come
what may, and "flght to a finish"
the attempt of the unions "to
take away the rights and privileges"  of the employers.
DON'T PAY FANCY
PBIOES FOR DRUGS
Wo £oIl at Cut Rates
SPECIALS FOB FBI. AND SAT.
.25 Snap  ...  n ,18
1.60 Nujol    _. ,1.13
.50 Listorine      .•_ 43
.25 Mecca Ointment    16
1.50 Scolt's  Emulsion  1.12
.10 Vaseline   06
.25 filennun's  Talcum    14
.50 Pink Pills  33
.00 California Syrup ol Figs  48
.35 California Cltrm Croum — 11
.26 Tia     „ .17
1.50 Fellow's   Syrup   1.14
.25 Hamilton's Pllla  IT
1.00 Herpicide     «■. : 78
.40 Box Witch Haael Soap - 26
.50 Reld'a Paraloa  32
.25 Nature's Iteniedjr Tabids  16
.50 Cascarets       -  .34
.25 Reld'a. Liver Pllla  13
60 Thormogene    *. „..-.™.' .34
.25 Aspirin Tablets, 1 doi 10
8 doa. for  26
.50 Bay Rum ™. .89
.40 Brook's Baby Barley  83
.75 Mlchaud's Lilac  _ 39
.35 Crome   Ek-aya    29
.60 Mermen's   Shaving   Cream 29
3.25 Sanagon      2.29
1.00 Wyoth'a  Sage and Sulphur.. .70
.25 Boccham's Fills  16
Pricaa Include War Tax
Vaneoaver Drag Co.
LIMITED
THti ORIGINAL OUT BATS DBDO-
OISTS OF VANCOUVER
—Stven Stona—
405 Hastings W  Sey. 19SS
7 Hastings W Sey. 8632
168 Halting* S.  .. Sey. 2032
782 Granville St  Sey. 7018
1700 Commercial Drive ....High. 288
Qranvllle and Broadway .-.Bay. 2314
Broadway and Main ........Fair. 4088
HELLO IS A BRUSQUE WORD
NO ONE wants to be unnecessarily,
brusque in manner, yet tbe use
of "Hello" In answering the
telephone gives that impression. Tho
bettor way is to toll the caller who
Is talking. When yon announce your
namo or the name of your firm or da-
partment you eliminate the necessity
of additional enquiry. It facilitates
your tolephono service and creates a
favorable impression right from tho
start.
B. 0. TELEPHONE OOMPANT.
OfRPHEUM
'theatre!?!
THE HOME OF GOOD
VAUDEVILLE
Matinee  2.30
Evenings 8.20
EMPRESS
Phon* Stymour 2492
NEXT WEEK
A Baal Cyelon* af Fun
"The Walk Oi"
It played 17 straight weeks la Los
Angeles ,
. DON'T MISS THIS ONE
PANTAGES
~ IEII WSSK
A Melodious Spectacle of the South
"A HOLIDAY IH DIXIE LAND"
U—All-3t«r Entertafciors—1_
Other Ble Features
Blag np Phono Seymour 8354 tot
appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Mt* 301 Dominion Balldinf
VANCOUVEB, B. a
DQOTJUJQUE!
ocas
FOR $35.00
'A man's watoh that is ss good as it looks, and
that means a great deal.
The case is best gold-filled, with solid gold thumb
pieces and bow, while the movement is our "Cavendish," with patent regulator, Breguet hair-
spring and compensating balance.        s
Only $35 in best gold-filled case, or $75 in solid
14-kt. gold. Correspondence invited.
O«o. E. Trorey
Managing Dir.
jfeP
Oranvillo and
Oeorgia Sts.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value.
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
no TOO WANT IO SNIQT LITE
Follow tht Crowd to tk.
Patricia Cabaret
On. blook east of Eroprei. Theatro
—AND HEAR—
MISS LUXIE BOSE. ASA
SMITH. B. LOVE anl th. BEL
Interpret th. latett long hlta, aa-
listed br The BienM Jan Band
411 HASTINOS STBEET &
Music, I p.m. to X
COWAN & BROOKHOUSE
PBMTEBS,     PUBLISHES*,     STB-
BEOITFEBS   AND  BOOKBINDEBS
Union Officials, writo for price..   W.
glM SATISFACTION
DENTISTRY
That supremo
touoh ot don-
taP-iklll that
makes the difference.
CituwisB, BRIDGES AND
HLLIN0S made t'ji samo
shade aa your own N.'.j.'DBAL
TEETH.
DR. GORDON
CAMPBELL
I  Evening! top Appointment I
Dental Num In Attendant |
ORANVULE STE1KT
Oorner of Robson Street
Over Owl Drag Store
Phone Seymonr 8931
INCOBPOEATBD IIH
Bank of Toronto
Assets over 1100,000,000
Deposits     79,000,000
Joint Saving! Account
A JOINT Savins. Aeeonnt mar ke
opened at Tha Baak of Toronto
In tho nam. of two or moro
parsons. In these acceaata eitkor
party mar alia cheques or deposit
money. For tho different members
of a family or a Inn a joint aoeonat
Is often a great convenience, Intereat
ll paid on balances.
Vaneonver Branch:
Owmu Haitingi ail OemHo Stmts
Blanches at:
Victoria.   Herrltt. New Wutnlutu
Under th. ansplcea of tko Brotherhood
Hone.
Sunday, I, p.m.   Doors Open
8:se p.m.
Central Men'. Brotherhood
NATIONAL THEATII
(Between Abbott and Carrall Street.)
Como and Rear
PBINCIFAL W. H. SMITH, D.D., Ph.D.
of Westminster Hall, oa
•THE SOIIIi OF I,ABOtt"
BVEBTBODT INVITO
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1180 Mergta atreet
fidnday service, 11 a.m. and 7,10 aaa,
Sunday school immediately f»U.wfit|
morning aervice. Wednesday toatbaealal
meeting, 8 p.m. Fre. reading room.
M1-»0S   Blrk.   Bldg. ™"
Church Forward Movement held laet
week. He spoke on the "White Man's
Burden" and the empire building business. In faet, so frank was he, that while
the censorship has been removed, the local
press with a unanimity that is only shown
in the reports as to Soviet Russia, suppressed his remarks on the subject. In
part, he said: 'Wherever we go, we go
to disintegrate and to destroy." He then
pointed out that this must be done or ws
would not be what we are. We had to
undermine and destroy the whole social
and religious systems of the peoples who
were there beforo we came; otherwiso the
British Empire would not exist. His argument wai that, having smashed their
institutions to smithereens, it was up to
us at least to give them our "Christian
ity." He claimed that we had not done
this, and so his hearers and their fellow
churchmen in Canada, were asked to put
up $2^500,000 for this and similar purposes.
Of course there is nothing to be alarmed at in the still falling exchange rate.
A gathering of the world's "economists"
and financial "experts" will "settle"
things. In the meantime those—nations
that are in debt to the U. 8. A. are in the
position, that while they may be paying
some of their indebtedness, they find
that the amount that they have to cough
up is increasing. Aa their eurreney depreciates, their obligations assume an
alarming proportion, and instead of their
position looking like improving, it is
getting worse by every further deollne.
Truly the systom we now live under is
the very personification of anarohy.
The situation is one that must cause the
workers who understand capitalism to bt
very pessimistic as to the near future.
With a working class ignorant of the true
position, and the danger of a sudden ooU
lapse of all financial standing, and cone*.
quent demoralization of industry, conditions may be such as to causo suffering
and misery such as the human mind cannot conceive of. Should the collapse come
suddenly, the task of the workers would
be colossal with an ignorant people, and
the greater the knowledge of the workers, the less will be the suffering when
capitalism of its own rottennew finally
tumbles into chaos. FBIDAY........February  6,   IBM
-   TWELFTH YEAR.    No.   6
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   : vancouveb, a a
PAGBFltl
GROCERIES
At Money Saving Prices
A FEW OF OUB SPECIALS FOS ONE WEEK
COMMENCING FBIDAY, FEBBUABY 6
Blue Ribbon Peaches, per
Pktl      210
Dong's Soup, all flavor!,   3
pkts tto
Purity Flour, 2Mb. sk. $1.06
Boyal Standard Flour, 24-lb.
sack |1,65
Orchard  city Raspberry  or
Strawberry Jam,    ffb-
4-lb. tlna  f UC
Kleanbrlte, per pkt. .....13c
Toilet Castllo Soap,  6  cakes
(or  ...250
Maybloom Tea, tf lb. pkt. ISO
Fels-Nuptlia Soap, bar.lljio
Gem Lye, 100 per cent, pure,
per tin  lio
Oxo Cubes, largo tins _ r\ _.
for     ISC
Oxo Cubes, small t_
tor     OC
Magic Baking Powder, 12-oz.
tin 29c
Magic Baking Powder, 2Va-
lb. tin      86a
Eggo Baking Powdor, 2',J-lb.
tin  Tie
Eggo Baking Powder, 12-oz.
tin 96o
Holbrook's Custard   Powder,
pkt ldo
Bluo Ribbon Tea,      BC —
per lb OOC
Empress Mince   Meat,   4-lb.
tin ?So
Empress Mine* Meat,   2-lb.
tin  40o
Empress Mince Meat, quart
glass   ita
Finest Sago, per lb lie
Finest Tapioca, per lb. .. 12c
Finest Concord Sardines, ln
Olive OU, per tin . ...S4o
Finest Japan Rice, lb.. .l&yAa
Quaker Corn, 2s,       | /»
per tin  L OC
Finest Dollar Prince.. Sardines, tin   —
Finest    Blue    Mottled    Bar
Soap, 4-lb. size, bar...a6c
Nabob Baking Powder, guaranteed pure, t_ _
IS-ol. tin  e_lC
Finest Spanish Sardines, Pur*
Olive Oil, pe.- tin   2So
Cream of Wheat, pkt ...SOo
Quaker Pork and Beans, por
tin   So
Wild Rose Pastry Flour, Id
lbs,  74o
B. ft K. Wheat «A
Flakes, per pkt. ,,£UC
Dominion Matches,   900   in
box   .....So
Dominion   Matches,   800   In
box  aio
Braid's Beet Tea, per lb..71c
Braid's Best Coffee, lb...70c
Broken Jap Rico, lb. 10<_a
Popping corn, per lb. ..16c
Purity Rolled Oats,   *%m
cartons  auOC
Toilet Paper, rolls  —
Mazola Oil    —
Helms Olive Oil. large —
Helm*  Olive OU, small..—
Lux, per pkt ISO
Quaker Peas, 2s,   I'M —
per tin A. I _ C
Coleman's Mustard, 1-lb. tlna
for SOo
Coleman'*    Mustard,    H-lb.
tins  46o
Coleman's    Mustard,    %-lb.
tins 26c
FRUIT DEPARTMENT
Finest No. 1 Jap Oranges, repacked and guar- ^A_
anlted, per Cull bolrra/C
Fine large Juloy Lemons, per
doz 26c
Large Juicy Oran el, dos. Sle
Extra    large    thin-ski nned
Orapefrult, 8 for ISo
Finest No. 1 Orade ne
Eating Apples, 8 lbt.—t 1 C
Extra     large     thin-skinned
juicy Oranges, doz. SOc, OOo
GET  IT  AT  WOODWARD'S
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
FELLOW UNIONISTS
Be consistent ul demand tbt union Stamp on rom boote snd
ihoei. The following local flnui are fair to Organised Labor and
ue worthy of yonr patronage and support!
J. Ltckl. Oo. ltd., 230 OattUa SlfMt
Harvey Boo* bhop,'51 Cordon St. w.—Custom Making ud lepalri.
V. J. and.. 10 Water Itnet—Onstom We*_ aad Sepalra.
MaeUoklaa-iayler Os., 61 Oulm Stmt  Wist-Osioa  Making
aad Sspalta.
Dmnmilr BMt S»«p, Ml Dunmtr Street—Outea Hiking and
•.pairs,
UNION BEPAIR SHOPS
"Redtlay" SkM lapatr Ounaiy. 1047 Onmrtu. street.
Staadud SkM lepats Skip, 111 Bokeoa Stieat.
at. B. Tkons, 880 Klogsway.
Warts Ltd., "K" Beet She*, Crduva aal Bastion Strut West.
H. 0. (pttlilag, 5871 Fraser Strut, Sooth Vancouver.
O. B. Taw. 14St OoajaierrUl Drlw.
r. Willi, aVll Kala Stnet
r. PaaUsa, Hs Broadway But.
Be progressive, Hr. Sho* Eepalrer, and get In touch with Secretary Tom Cory, MB Vemon Drive. t
"The Searchlight"
A Labor Paper published in Calgary, Alberta,
supporting the 0. B. U. and all progressiva
Labor policies.
SIX MONTHS FOB A DOLLAR
Send along your subscription to "The Searchlight,"
P. 0. Box 1508, Oalgary, Alberta
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 18«»
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up
...$ 25,000,000
...$ 16,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 17,000,000
Total Assets  $460,000,000
690 branches in Canada, Newfoundland snd Britiih
West Indies.
Also branohei in London, England; New York Oity and
Barcelona, Spain. '
Fourteen branches in Vancouver:
Main Offlee—Cornor Hustings and Homer Streots.
Cornor Main and Hastings Streets.
Cornor Oranvillo and Bobson Streets.
Corner Bridgo Streot and Broadway Wost.
Corner Cordova and Carroll Streets,
Oorner Oranvillo and Davlo Streots,
Cornor Granville and Seventh Avonue West.
1050 Commorolal Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Aventie and Main Strait.
2016 Tew Streot.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Streot, Marpole.
Kingswuy Branoh and 25th Avonue Branoh.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 29 other
points in British Columbia.
SPECIAL ATTENTION IS OIVEN TO SAVINOS ACCOUNTS
One dollar opens an account on whloh interest is paid half-yearly
at ourront rates.
THOS. PEACOCK,
Manager Vancouver Branch
A W. PRAZEE, Vanconver,
Supervisor for B a
T
Wants to Be First to Line
* Up Alongside of
Russia
(By  the  Federated  Press)
Rome—"There's no trifling with
the Italian people," declared E.
Allesandri, deputy from Vienna,
in a letter written to Paul Fabre,
editor ot the Paris Socialist daily,
Le Poluairo.
The Nitti government realizes/'
he said, "that the ISO deputies In
the chamber representing different groups and having no unity
and no policy, are opposed by a
solid block of 168 Unified Social,
late, all bent on a programme of
Insurgent action. The ruling class
of Italy has been condemned by
a 'historical fatality' and knows It.
"Just to give you a little example of t,he enthusiasm that pervades the people—when I went to
inaugurate a metal union ln Sienna, thousands and thousands of
peasants had trooped in from the
country around, carrying red flags.
Ths peasants are educated In class
unions as well as the industrial
consciousness by their Socialist
workers,
"Are they patriotic? Only in the
sense that they want Italy to be
first in the great battle for liberation of thr proletariat at thr side
of Russia.
"But the capitalists don't know
how to  die gracefully^
THIRD INTERNATIONAL
ENDORSED IN SPAIN
General   Unrest  Exists   ia  Spain
Among lbe Workers—Labor
Congress Meets
Madrid—In the midst of a
strike-bound country in which
lockouts and official violence have
alternated with demonstrations by
workers, the oongress of the General Federation of Labor was held/
It was decided to atiher* to the
Third (Moscow) International,
"pending the organization of a revolutionary syndicalist international," A proposed fusion with
the General Union was deferred
until certain officials of that body
declared their allegiance to the
Federation.
Ai the Empress
"The. Walk Offs," which is one
of the season's greatest laugh
shows, will be presented next
week wtih the entire Empress
company in the cast, and our patrons will have two and a half
hours of side-splitting situations,
witty Hues and eccentric dharac-
ter. For seventeen straight, weeks
this great show kept Los Angeles
fn one spasm of laughter, anh
scores of people went Ave and six
times to see It. This will be the
first Canadian production of the
"Walk Offs," and ln all probability there will be a number of
road shows of this remarkable
piece tour Canada and the United
States at 12 prices during the
coming season. In writing "The
Walk Offs," the author knew just
what constituted a real syclone of
comedy, and he certainly succeeded In mixing Just the proper elements. We would like to tell you
the coon's wonderful speech
wherein the play gets Hs title, but
as that 'would rob you of a hearty
laugh when you see the play, we
must desist. Just remember "The
Walk Offs." is one of the best
fun shows written, and you'll
never have another opportunity
of seeing it at 60c prices. Order
your  seat  now.
The Forwart Movement
OUR ALLY STILL IN
MILITARISTIC MOOD
Japan  Proposes  to Spend  Eighty
Million Dollars Annually
on Its Military
Tokio—Japan Ib preparing to
play a large militaristic role and
proposes to put into her war chest
for the next 14 yoars at least
$80,000,000 annually. The out
lines of this policy are made clear
in the advance summary of the
bulget for 1920-21, soon to be
presented to the Imperial Diet,
The government propose? to
vote 9243,000,000 for the army,
the amount to be spread over a
14-year period, and $431,000,000
for the navy, to be met within 8
years. Thia means an annual increase of $40,500,000 ln war expenditure.
Besides this amount, It Is proposed to raise large and indefinite
amounts by borrowing.
Parma, Italy—In spite of their
varying tactics, the Socialists, syndicalists and anarchists of Italy
are not enemies, they are "passionate adversaries bearing a mutual respect, and never betrayng
the working class ln their common battle against an outworn
system," declared Georges Mon-
mousseau, French syndicalist attending the congress of the Italian
Syndicalist Union here. The union
now has 300,000 members marked
for their unswerving adherence to
the principles of economlo action
and the Soviet principlo enunciated by the Third (Moscow) International.
Manchester, England—The newly-constituted National Builders,
Laborers and Construction Workers Society, an amalgamation of
the building trades, has started a
1920 campaign foe-100 per cent,
organization.
Ballard's Furniture Store
1084    MAIN    STBEBT
Phono Seymsor 2187
We will  oxchtng* yonr second hind
furniture for new.   A square dtftl or
your money  bnck.
(By George T. Stirling)
The churches are at least beginning to realize what onlookers have
for many years known and pointed
out, namely, that organized religion
was sliding down the slippery slope,
For many years preachers and laymen alike have persisted in fooling the" rank and file of church
members that all wae well. Every
year we have had our annual
church gatherings, reports have
been read of the various activities
of the church, and how everything
waa prospering. Ohl so lovely In
the Master's vineyard, everything,
that Is, except finance, and the pew
holders guarded aa carefully as
possible from the knowledge of the
slashing attacks of science and scientific criticism of the foundations
of their faith, have been lulled Into
a divine sleep under the soporific
inuence of psalm singing. But ltt
last the momentum oh the slippery
slide has become so great that it
could np longer be hidden from .the
knowledge of the worshippers, and
everywhere throughout the country
preachers are telling the people of
the danger, and the urgency of a
forward movement.
Church Haa Changed Its Views
It wae hoped when flrst the Forward Movement was mooted, that
the primary task of the churches
would be to prune out all the dead
wood which has been cumbering organized religion ever since the
"Origin of Species" started the
modern movement of separating
the living tissues of truth from the
dead weight of superstition. It
was hoped that the church was
about te come out boldly and give
a clear and honest statement of its
position regarding its beliefs ln
Heavent hell, God, inspiration, etc
All observers of religious affairs
who have followed closely the criticism of modern times are aware
that the ohurch has changed Its
views on these matters. They are
aware that the old Idea of God as
an old man ln a temper, sitting
away oft somewhere in space
watching things go, and occasionally dealing out earthquakes, famines, wars, and pestilences to punish the creatures which he kad
brought forth, is no longer held by
well posted parsons, and no longer
taught in our theological seminaries.
No Hell Flre
They are aware that the belief
In hell fires, and the damnation of
unbaptlsed infants, stewing, and
singeing, and burning through all
eternity Is not now held by ladles in
the beBt circles, They are aware
that the idea of Heaven, as a city
of golden streets and jasper walls,
where all the countless millions of
the faithful shall twang the catgut on the golden harps, singing
Hosanna to the Highest w.lthout
ceasing, has been abandoned by the
Archbishop of Canterbury and his
wife. And they are aware that
the doctrine of the Plenary Inspiration of the Scriptures (which
is commonly understood to mean
by the rank and flle, that the Bible
wofd for word, from cover to
cover, Including the index and the
Dedication to King James is the
inspired word of God), haa long
since been abolished by the professors of Greek and Old Testament
history ln our theological colleges.
They are also aware that the
church has never discarded these
views publicly, but continues to
pretend to tho rank and flle that
they are stlllbelleved in.
Knowing these things, those of
ua who are outside the pale were
hopeful that the church would get
l'i-_
,a sudden Inspiration of honesty
and give us a clean and well audited account.
In the words of Robert Louis
Stevenson:
It's a simple thing tbat I demand,
*! Though humble as can be—
A statement fair in my Maker's
,i ;     hand
,. To a gentleman like me,
A clean, account writ fair and
is        Voad«
2* And a plain apologee—
br deevil a ceevll word to God
From a gentleman like me.
.Interest In tbe Unwashed
Instead, however, of such an outspoken declaration of faith, what do
we flnd? We flnd all the spiritual
forces of the church lined up
ln solid array and demanding in no
uncertain tones whether, for instance, we have a bathroom In the
houseT
Of coune we will readily admit that that very question shows
a tremendous advance from the
days of the Ascetic Movement tn
the early centuries of Christianity,
when bodily filth was looked upon
as a token of sanctity, and when
such lunatics as St, Simeon Sty-
lites stuck themselves on pedastals
to be slowly staryed and eaten up
by vermin before the reverential
gaze of pilgrims. The church Is no
doubt aware that vast numbers of
the masses have not yet attained
to the dignity of a private bathroom but are forced to perform
their ablutions (and it certainly is
a performance) in the circumscribed area of a wash tub after
the rest of the family have retired.
And In asking this question lt
possibly wishes to show Its keen
interest tn the welfare of the great
unwashed.     .
Mote Needed
Those of us, However, who have
long since been converted from
churchianity to humanitarian ism,
and whom the church presumably
wishes to interest and attract, are
more anxious to see a sincere and
honest statement regarding more
vital matters.
"The basis of all morality," says
Spencer, "Is to give up pretending
to believe that for which their ts
no evidence."
Any Forward Movement of the
Church, however, which has aspirations of being somewhat more
than the braying of a wild ass in
the desert, must stand bareheaded
before Heaven and before humanity;- and discard all those things
which lt has long known have no
basis in truth.
,; further, It must sever its unholy
alliance with wealth, through
Which it has been made the pawn
of ambitious rulers to grintt the
faces of the poor.
r It must state whether the Sixth
Commandment Is henceforth to be
jaxpunged from the Decalog or
fgerely amended.
'It must state whether It believes
that Satan can cast out Satan, that
violence can overthrow violence;
that war can end war.
It must state whether lt believes
that standing navies are compati-
bW with, the teachings of the Man
of Peace or whether they are the
stilettos of the fiends of hell.
In short, lt must come to the repentance Btool of humanity and
openly avow Its allegiance either
to the worshippers of mammon, or
the toilworn and oppressed masses
of the workers.
tf it would do thie, lf It would
make a clean statement of its so-
Average of Fifty Per Cent
Made By British Cotton Mill Owners
(By the Federated Press)
Manchester, England—The basis
of the mounting unrest among the
cotton mill workeri of England,
which bids fair to end in the i
tionalization of the tact istry, may
be seen in the balance sheets of
the companies.
On the average, profits made
during 1919 amounted to mote
than 60 pr.cent. on the share capital. The figures of 180 companies In Lancashire which published their dividends, show that on
a share capital of $37,020,000,
$14,340,000 was distributed or added to the capital account—a percentage of 88.73. In 24 companies publishing their profits, the
earnings were almost 81 per oent
The remaining 169 companies paid
In dividends and bonus calls $13,-
243,600, or 42.8 per cent.
Some Indication of the feeling
of apprehension among the mill
operators la seen ln the fact that
of the 180 companies included in
this review, no fewer than 81 have
recently  changed  hands.
Glasgow, Scotland — Plumbers
employed In the chemical factories
hore have gone back to work
after the' complete concession of
their terms.
FRENCH WORKERS TO
AID SOVIET RUSSIA
Longshoremen Will Not Allow
Monitions to Be Shipped
from France
Bordeaux, France—More than
2000 port workers here hare de.
dared a ttrike against shipping
munitions to be used against Soviet Russia. This Is regarded as
the flrst gun In the direot opposl.
tlon by the workers to the war on
Russia. It Is hinted that the steel
workers may refuse to construct
munitions to be used in the war,
and that the laboring class of
France may follow that of Eng
land ln threatening to call a general strike to foroe a change of
polloy.
The Secret Service has discovered that In the public library 1*
a volume by Mr. Percy Byssho
Shelley ln which Is a poem entitled, "The Masque of Anarchy."
A warrant was at once issued for
Mr. Shelley's arrest, but lt was
afterwards learned that he had
cheated Justice by having died In
1822.
clal faith, and a manly exposition
of Its beliefs tn the realm of metaphysics it would win the esteem
of tens of thousands who now stand
aloof. If, on the other hand, lt
persists In Its shady metaphysics,
and Its--craven subservience to
wealth, then the masses can tell
the churches, with all ths prophetic power that they can command, that they can see in this
Forward Movement, but another
step towards the brink of the
abyss.
A Good Weight Worsted
Sweater Coat for $3.75
It Is the best value we know of In the tra4« today aad tt li
a sweater coat we can recommend to any man wS* wants •
warm, neat mtlng, hard wearing coet—men trt» give a cos*
hard wear will get real satisfaction frofct tM* eo*fc Shawl at
military collar, tn grey. Mown, slate and maroon. All mm
Equal to most coats yon will Snd djO   _r_\
selling today for $1.71. Speolal at ..............   VeMtltaW
Barker & Moody's L. Y. P. Runcoet
In English rainproof gabardine. This style la a raglan wit*,
loose skirt and high buttoning collar, lined throughout witk plaMa
lining ud wind tabs on sleeves. The price for Saturday is net
as high as the manufacturers are asking today *Oi *J_t
for the same coat. Regular itf.n. Saturday... *fmnif&
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
ttSii
RSUNIC
UNIOJ^TAMF
Jacrory
Named Shoes sre frequently mats
_ Non-nnkm factories
DO SOT IW AST, SBOt
No matter what its name, nnliss
it bears a plain and readable Impression of this UNION STAMP.
AU Shois without ttae TO10B STAMP ire alwayi Wonmtm
Do uot acoept my excuse (er abeence of the Union Map
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
216 SUMMEB STBEET, BOSTON, MASS.
COLLIS LOVEIiT, Oeaenl FmMmt—OEA8. t. BUSS. Geaml gee.-Trus.
Fresh Out Flowers, round Designs, Wedding Bouquets, pot Plate
Ornamental and Shade Tree* Seed* Bull* PlortsU' Sundilsf
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS ANV N0MERYMHH Y
S-8TOHES-8
IS Hastings Stnet But TSS Oranvllle Street
Seymour 88847* Seymour MIS
SKYSCRAPER FOR
0. B. U. TAILORS
WiU Build 20-Story Office
Building in New York
City
New York—Success of the Amalgamated^ Clothing Workers In lte
negotiations with the employers is
due, officials assert, to the fact
that all the workera la tue industry are organised lu one union.
The Amalgamated Is Independent
from the American Federation of
Labor, and has abandoned the
craft organlutlon system of the
Federation to form tM flrst complete Industrial organisation In
America.
Skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled workers are all members of
the same union and obtain the
same   recognition   from   the em
ployers In the collective bargaining negotiations.
The unton hae collective bargaining agreements with employers of 200,000 mea and women
workers on men's ready-mad. and
custom-made  olothing.
Tha Amalgamated Clothing
Workere are entering upon, the
biggest co-operative scheme ever
undertaken ln the country la the
plan to erect a 20-story offlee aud
loft building tn New York Olty.
The proposed building will be
headquarters for the union and
the olllce. pt the Amalgamated
Bank. '
This union turned over a cheque
for 1100,00* to the ateel striken
during the recent strlk.,
Cawnport, India—Several thousand mill hands are oa etrlke ta
Cawnpore, aad show ae Intention
of returning te work. The strike
started with th. Woollen and Bl-
gia mill! (British-owned) aad
quickly spread te ether mills la
tha olty. Th. strikers demand an
Incrssse In
What about that .spired isb.T
Rave you renewed yet?
ParisMustRaise$10,000inl5Days
BEGINS SATURDAY MORNING
PARIS' OWN BRAND OF ALL LEATHER SHOES SACRIFICED AT LESS THAN
WHOLESALE COST TODAY
We bought too many shoes and must realize on them in order
to meet our bills as they come due. Remember .the difference
between bargain shoes and shoes at a bargain. One means
cheap shoes bought to sell—the other good sound dependable
shoes at sacrifice prices.
Come in and Let Us Show You a Short Cut to Saving
Perls Brand |9 and 110 Dress tloots;
every shape, size and quality ££. AC
in this lot ^. tPOeSIO
85 pairs of Jt.00 shoes, In brown   and
black  calfskin,  with low   leather   and
rubber heels.   All
sizes 	
$5.95
$5.00
Men's strong, sturdy   Work   Boots;   all
sizes ln this lot.   Values
to   .7.50   	
This lot comprises Bvs lasts, In broad,
roomy sh.es; black and &ttj Am
and brown.   Reg. Ill...... V • "«*
,112.00 Men's Gunmetal, Box  Calf   and
Duchess Bluchers and Bale.   &m nf
' Now       Jp/.iJO
Ladies' Patent Leather   Oxfords,   with
Cuban and Louis heels, Reg. *B QB
ts.00, now.
A Black Kid Boot, with Louis heals. A
real genuine bargain that will appeal te
any woman's $g#45
taste
Men's Waterproof Chrome Bluchers,
*halled and sewn aoles; heavy work
boots.    Regular $8.50, a_n   A fi
,-how „..$0.40
iii
-.(Parts Brand, 8-lnch top, heavy Chrome
ltlBoots.   Regular 1900, A/j Ag
l,!fow *D.»0
12-inch Red Chrome Prospector Boots;
double soles.    Excellent fl>Q AC
wear     fl»0.»0
BETTER SHOES
THERE IS SOMETHING  DIFFERENT
ABOUT PARIS SHOES—THAT
IS WEAK
Child's Velour Calf, Button and Lace
Shoes; wearers that any mother will appreciate; sizes 5 to 7 1-1,       dJO O C
Same as above, 8 to 10 1-8 $2.85
Misses,' same as above   $.1.65
Girls' Tan Shoes, heavy solos; good
quality calfskin uppers, Reg. d*0 QC
J5.50; sizes 11 to 2 ipdeOO
Misses' Willie Elk Walking Boots;
strong, serviceable, and wet d* A _ C
reslsters; 11 to 2 VH'elO
P. PARIS
51 Hastings West
Boot and Shoo
Manufacturer
and Retailer
Boys' Strong School Shoes; double sole.,
solid chrome tanned uppers; £0 QC
sizes 1 to 5 1-z  9*Ja<JO
Orange Stitoh Hoys' Boots; hoavy sole,
leather counters and caps. &A OA
Regular to tt.OO  9tTeem\3
Youths,' 11 to 13; same quality as above,
for    .3.10
Little Gent's, as above, 8 to 10 1-8. .11.15
CHEAPER PRICES
Chlld'a Colored
Topi;   Claaslo
make.   Ref,
$1.00 -i
$2.15
■■■■■■■B
_____ rAUIl OlA
.TWELFTH  TEAR.    No.   6
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb,
B. C.
FRIDAY reoruary  i,
ONE OF THE FINEST TONICS
Good for Health        "  Improves the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
Everyone knows tbat cheap goods can only be procured
by using cbcap materials and employing cheap labor.
CASCADE BEER
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED
Vancouver Unions
VANCOUVEB TRADES AMD LABOR
OOUKOIL—Pretident, V. R. Midgley;
TtM-preiident, J. litrihtl): secreUry, 3.
B. Campbell; treuurer, J. Shaw; ler-
■MUit-it-»rmi, E. King; truiteei. W. A.
Bvltebtrd, J. 6. Hereon, J. M. Clark, A.
3. Wllion. '	
ALLIED HUNTING TRADES COUN-
eil—MeeU iieond Monday In tht
montk. Pruldent, J. P. McConnell; iee-
Wtery, R. H. NecUiidi, P. 0. Box 66. _
bUlDQ- STRUCTURlt, ORNAMENTAL
•nd Reinforced Ironworkers, Loctl 97
^-Meeti leeond and foarth Mondays.
President Jas. Hastingi; financial secretary and treuurer, Roy Uaiiectr, Boom
818 Labor Temple.
Electrical workers, local So.
Jia—Meett at 44Q Pender Street
Watt, mrr Monday, 8 p.m. Presl-
lut, H. H. Weodaide. 440 Pender W.;
reeordlng secretary, J. Murdock, 440 Pen-
ist Street Weit; financial secretary and
Imilnsss agent, E. H. Morriion, 440
PanAer Street West; assistant secretary,
P,«R. Burrows.
BtlQINEERS AND HILL WORKEREP
Unit of tha 0. B. U.—Meetings every
Monday, 7:30 p.m., Labor Temple. Preildent, F, L. Bunt; secretary-treasurer,
W. A, Aleiander, Room 2X6, Labor Temple.   Phone, Seymour 8960,
HOTEL AND RESTAURANT EM-
ployees, Looal C8—Meeti every Ore'.
Wadneiday in the month at 2:80 p.m.
and every third Wednesday ln the month
at 9 p.m. President, John Cumming*,
secretnry and busineu agent, A. Graham.
OBce and meeting hall, 614 Pender St.
W. Phone Sey, 1681. Offlce hours, 8
t_m. to 6 p.m.
JHtebnational JEWELRY WORK-
«ra' Union—Meeta 2nd and 4th Fridays, 205 Labor Temple. President, W.
Wilson, 2239 Granville Street; secretary-
treasurer, ». J. Snell, 244—28th Ave. E.
ttfMBIR WORKERS' INDUSTRIAL
Unloa et the One Big Union—Affiliated
with I. 0. Federation of Labor and
Vancouvtr Trades and Labor Council—
An Industrial onion of all workers In
logging and construction camps. Head*
gutters, 61 Cordova Street West, Van-
•ouver, B. 0. Phone Sey. 7856. E.
Winch, secretary-treasurer; legal advisors, Henri. Bird, Macdonald * Co.. Vanoouver, B. C; auditors, Messrs. Buttar
a Chlane, Vanconver, B. C.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S
Association, Local 38-52—Office and
hall 804 Pender Street West. Meets flrst
and third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-
treasurer, Thomas Nixon; business agent,
Poter Sinclair.
AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTERS AND
Butcher Workmen's Union No. 648—
Maeta first and third Tuesdays of oach
month. Labor Temple, 6 pjn. President,
John Stark; financial secretary and busl*
am agent, T. W. Anderson, 687 Homer
Street,
MINK, MILL AND SMELTER WORK-
ora' Unit of tho One Big Union, Metalliferous Minors—Vancouver, B. 0., headquarters, 01 Cordova Street West. All
workera engaged in this Industry are
argfd to loin the Union bofore going on
tto fob. Don't wait to ba organised, but
organise youm-lf,
Pattern   makers*   league   of
North America (Vancouver and vicinity)—Branch meets seeond and fourth
Mondays, Room 204 Labor Temple. President, Wm. Hnnter, 818 Tenth Ave, North
Vancouver; financial secretary, E. God-
dard, 856 Rlebards Street; recording secrotary, J. D. Russell, 028 Commercial
Drive.    Phone High. 2204R.
UJIFYARD LABORERS, RIGGERS AND
Fasteners, I.L.A., Local Union 88A,
Series 5—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays
of tho month. Labor Temple, 8 p.m.
President, William Maylor; financial secretary and business 'agent, M. Phelps;
corresponding aeeretary, W. Lee. Offloe,
Boom 207 Labor Templr
IfTRBET AND ELECTRIO RAILWAY
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meets A. 0. P. Hall, Mount Pleasant.
1st and Ird Mondays at 10.15 a.m. and 7
p.m. Pmldent, R. Rigby; recording
usretary, P. E. Griffin, 447—8th Avenuo
last; tnaaorer, F. aldsway; finanoial
eecretary and business agent, W. H. Cot-
troll, 4808 Dumfries Street; office corner
Prior and Mala Sta. Phono Fair. 1604 B.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 226—
Meets last Sunday of each month at
2 p.m. President, W. 8, Thomson; vice-
president, C. H. Collier; sec ret ary-treasurer,  R. H. Neelands, Box 66.
Provincial Unions
B. C. FEDERATION OP LABOR—Moots
In annual convention In January. Excutive officers, 1918-19: President, J,
Kavanagh, Labor Temple, Vancouver;
vice-presidents—Vancouvor Island: Cumberland, J. Naylor; Victoria, J. Taylor;
Prince Rupert, Geo. Casey; Vancouver,
W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonnell; New Westminster, Geo. McMurphy; West Kootenay, Silverton, T. B. Roberts; Crow's
Nest Pass, W. B. Phillips, Fornie, W. A.
Sherman. Secretary-treaiurer, A. 8.
Wells, Labor Temple, 408 Dunsmuir St,
Vancouver, B. C.
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES
and Labor Council—Meets first and
third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 pan. President, E. S. Woodsworth; vice-preiident,
A. C. Pike; secretary-trcasuror. Christian
Siverts, P. 0. Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
PRINOE RUPERT, B. 0.
PKI.VCK RUPERT CENTRAL LABOR
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Meets every aecond and fourth Tuesday in the 0. B. U.
Hall, cornor Sixth avenue and Fulton
street, at 8 p.m, ■ Meetings open to al] 0.
B, U. members. Secretary-treasurer, D.
S. Cameron. Box 217, Fringe Rupert, B.O.
Pbone 8ej, 281     Day or Night
Nunn, Thomson & Clegg
TONEEAL DIRECTORS
691 Homer St.  Vancouver, B. 0.
AGENTS  WANTED
"HEW BEAT WITHOUT OOAL OB
WOOD"
PRICK «15.00
AGENCIES   OPEN
£25 Wost Notro Damo Street. Montreal
DRUOLESS HEALING
If you havo failed to get results elsewhere, try Dr. W. Loo Holder, D.O., the
Workers' doctor. Special adjustments,
diet, all methods of drugless healing applied. No. 74 Fairfield Bldg., Cor. GranvUle and Pender Streets, Phone Sey. 8588
BUSINESS CHANCES
AN ESTABLISHED MANUFACTURE
lug company wants a capable man
In every town to open branch office
and manage talesmen, $300 to .$1,500
necessary. ^Handle own money, should
make 15,000 yearly. Prospective sales
In every home. Expenses to Montreal
allowed when you qualify. Sales Manager Walker, 226 West Notre Dame Street,
Montreal.
SoaP
Use Royal Crown Soap
and Save the Coupon*
Pierce-Clerihse Debate at Victoria
****** ****** ****** »r-,-. -*-**.
Crystal Bolshevism—Cross Questions and Crooked  Answer,
W there are ever any doubts aB'
to the real public intarost in the
continuous drama now being enacted in Europe—and elsewhere—
they are quickly dissipated by the.
simple expedient of offering a
bribe like the discussion of Bolshevism—the results are embarrassing  in  their magnitude.
The Federated Labor party could
easily have filled the Royal Vlotoria opera house (if they could
get lt) with the crowds that preempted every seat and aisle in the
Crystal thoatre long before opening time last Saturday night, and
with those who were turned away
when the order to "close doors"
was regretfully given—even the
harmless necessary policeman had
to stand  on several persons' feet.
A month ago, Mr. TV, B. Pierce,
a well knows Socialist of the F.
L. P. had made a modest and
quite tame attempt to explain to
bewildered newspaper readers why
he approved of the Bolshevist
government  of  Bussia.
A Mr. Cterihue, alleged to be a
university graduate and a student
of economics, made a determined
attack at the late end of a protracted meeting, followed It up hy
a newspaper criticism of the "undemocratic" franchise system of
the Soviets, who he asserted were
biased and maintained on "force"
and finally challenged Pierce to
debate,
This was cheerfully accepted,
and on Saturday evening last, Jan.
31, Mr, Pierce opened out by displaying a blood-curdling, cartoon,
which was truly a composite picture of the stage "Bolshevist," as
invented by the capitalist press,
and asking his audience if lt resembled  him! *
He proceeded to argue that human nature is pretty much the
same In Petrograd and Victoria,
and that the Bussian revolutionists are, of course, human beings,
and behave precisely as we should
act undef similar circumstances.
Chairman Ellis, who handled
the performers and the good-
natured crowd in a masterly manner, had announced at the start
that Mr .Pierce would be allowed
half an hour, Mr. Cterihue another, then the Important interval
for collection, then 15 minutes
each, with a short finale by the
opener; afjer which questions
would bo in order, but that no
Interruptions would, of course, be
permitted  during the debate.
All went better than well, including the collection, amounting
to f3$.odd, and by no means excluding Comrade Clerihue's contribution to thc strengthening of
the popular sympathy with the
real working class movement in
Russia.
No Free Press
Mr. Pierce's half-hour was more
than taken up by a necessary, lf
rathor diffusive, depreciation of
the conscienceless lying which is
confusing if not antagonizing the
average newspaper and fiction
reader—his most damaging answer to this wag his quotation from
John Swinton's address at an American press dinner. Replying to
the toast of a "Free Press," and
speaking as a professional writer,
he declared there was no suo'i
thing as an independent press anywhere. We are all slaves of the
money power. 'We writers are
all more or less intellectual prostitutes,"
And lt Is from this talented
source that the moral and mental
campaign against Russia proceeds,
engineered and financed by the
same Interests that are conducting
the material and military attacks:
Therefore he would not trouble
them by extensive quotations to
night, he would content himself
with stating admitted facts and
appealing to their common sense
and reason. For instance, lt was
surely undeniable that something
had happened In Russia, something big, something unprecedented ; nothing happens without a
cause;   what  was the cause? and
Bargains in Abundance
At our Pre-Inventory Sale we have abundance of Bargains in Merchan:
dise that you are in need of. These Specials are below wholesale cost to-.
day and represent the nearest to pre-war prices you will find in the city.
'would his friend the enemy explain those causes, and why, the
despised "faction" still ■utvivpd,
still succeeded, still increased in
popularity, and still defeated its
internal and external enemies?'
He denied emphatically. the
press made and easily-repeated lie
that the Soviets disfranchise the
majority and that they gained
power by brute foroe and canf only
maintain It by terrorism,     "j  <■
He repeated his reasons ' given
previously as to the "why a' Bolshevist," and again challenged his
opponent to dispose of them, because they value humanity before
dollars, because they early appreciated the fact that the late war
was not for democracy, because
they were Internationalists, because they were ready for peace,
real peace, but not "peace at any
price," because their methods of
election were most democratic, be.
cause they were not scared of
making mistakes, because their
system went to the root of the
trouble and found it economic, not
political, and because thsy were
not afraid to flght.
Soviet Laws
He quoted, from the laws of the
Soviet Republic of Russia to show
a few ot the benefits as compared
with the pre-Sociallst regime—or
even with our own enlightened
land and time; provision of free
and universal education, entertainment and music, free food for
school children, the improved status of women, the nationalizing of
banking and of course the land,
factories and railways all becoming communal property.
Incredible sacrifices had been
made by Russia in combatting the
German phase , of the capitalist
enemy, and the "Allies show their
gratitude by' encouraging any and
every counter-revolution. But all
such are doomed < to failure, and
he concluded by reading from the
Daily Mail of Jan. 20, of the astounding collapse of these mercenary armies at Omsk in Siberia,
and other -stolen bases; soldiers
refusing to flght agafnst the working class government.
Mr. Clerihue possesses a forcible
seriousness and a well-read, apparently orderld mind, with a
readiness of phrase and the familiarity of practised debate, all of
which he made the most of, and
started out with the highly original remark that ihs sympathy
was. all with the genuine honest
worker, whose most virulent \n-
emy was this same Bolshe^fsni.
Loud Cheers      ?* W_
His friend Pierce claimed \.0i be
a Bolshevist; if s0 he must *iedes-
saffly be a Marxian Socialist' of
the most extreme type. O^pj^sed
on principle to a free press3 prQ to
universal democratic suffrafe'fei jind
a believer in the merciless: Suppression of all who differed' jfrjom
I'i™     He quoted  extensive^ ind
him.
Note the prices on Specials quoted below:
$1.50 and $1.65
75c
S at cost.
—JRWEAR
$1.95
BOYS' W1NTKR COMBINATIONS to
dear
at	
BOYS' SHIBTS, worth to $1.50,
clear at	
BOYS' SUMMER UNDERWEAR at cost.
HEAVY RIBBED WOOL UNDERWEAR
Regular $3.50.
Clear at	
ARROW SHIRTS. Regular $2.75, $3.00
and $3.50. An oyj*
Clear at op__,__D
MEN'S OVERALLS, Carhartt's, Mogul,
6. W. G., Twin Bute and Bulldog—   —
f 1.60 - S1.75 - $1.95 - $2.45
A LINE OF ARROW, REGAL and PECK
SHIRTS to clear
at	
MEN'S WORK SHIRTS
clear at	
MEN'S TWEED PANTS,
all sizes.   Clear	
MEN'S CORDUROY AH rt(-
PANTS, all sizes.  Clear at.. %pDaeieD
$1.50
80c
$4.25
75c
$1.45
2.00 to
MEN'S CAP SPECIAL.
Clear at 	
MEN'S CAP SPECIAL.
Clear at 	
These caps run in priee from
$3.00 regular.
RUBBERIZED   TWEED   RAINCOATS.
%: : .$21.00
WINTER OVERCOATS to clear at—
$17.00 $20.00 $25.00
The regular price of this bunch is $25.00
to $40.00.
MEN'S TWEED SUITS, in beautiful patterns and wool materials, at a big discount—
Regular $50.00 Suits
for. : :...
Regular  $45.00  Suit
for	
Regular  $40.00   Suit   Aon /\/V
Lots of suits hero for the big man at
above prices.
There is no place in thc city where you can get  values  like  we   offer.   Save
yonr money—buy from us.
The Jonah-Prat Co.
401 HASTINGS STREET WEST
$40.00
$36.00
more or less correctly froiH.ihe
Soviet constitution, from "Soviets
at Work," from Lenin's speeches,
and from Soviet decrees, carefully
obscuring the all-important! fact
that these all dealt with special
phases of the revolution which is
still in actual progress, and are
In many cases admittedly tempor
ary necessities, rendered inevitable
until the foreign-fed counter-revolution is crushed. ^_
He elaborately and successfully
demonstrated the fact that ail
those unfortunate persons who
live on invested "savings" or upon
the labor power of others, or who
employ others for profit, Instead
of being privileged and rewarded
as they are here, are deprived of
their vote—and was quite shocked
when the audience enthuslastlcal
ly approved of this. He made the
amusingly Incorrect assertion that
the Bolsheviki conducted the elections for the Constituent Assembly in 1910, and then dissolved
It; and didn't at all relish being
reminded later that the allies had
repeatedly interfered with elections in Siberia, and had murdered or deported all candidates not
to  their  liking.
Pierce Replied
Mr. Pierce, on rising again,
complained naturally that his opponent had wandered all round
the subject_as badly as he had,
and made a good point by proving from Mr. Clerihue's own deduction that all the useful people
were assured of a vote, that the
disfranchised were negligible in
quantity and* quality, and that
anyway if a person of either sex
wanted to vote, they had only to
go to work, Mr. Pierce knows
the "freedom of the press" by bitter experience, and he scored In
comparing the censorship here
and In Kussia. He exposed his
opponent's Incorreot quoting by
reading more fully from the Soviet decree re the "merciless suppression," not of mere political
dlfferers, but of "counter-revolutionists and things."
Missing Answer
And he again demanded the
still missing answer to the vital
question: Why the success of the
Bolshevists? This got Mr. Clerihue, who retorted that the correct
answer to the conundrum was
that the Bolshevists have failed,
and failed miserably, ln all' they
undertook to do. This tickled
the audience immensely, but he
proceeded to prove it by charging
the Soviets with setting out to
"nationaliste" the land and I com
promising by "Socializing" it; they
democratized the army and! then
suspended the election of officers
ln time of war; they promised'the
factories to the workers ,Jiinl
found it decreased output and in
creased deficits; they nationalized
railways and got into billions of
debt; they tried to bribe the peasants and their crops all failed—
and their budget was—paper
money:
Pierce disposer of some of this
camouflage—(and some "questions" later finished the rest)—
by correcting his friend on matters of easily ascertainable fact,
and brought down the house by
showing' that this "paper money'
crime must really be quite respectable and sane,, as it I9 the
patriotic practice of Oreat Brit-
aid, Canada and the United States
and all the alllees!
He   reminded   his   hearers   that
nature   will   have   her   way   and
■ometimees  has to  kill—the  cap-
.(Contlnued on page 8)
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" What Shall I Do Then With Jesus, Who Is Called Christ? "
Pilate's Question
Is Yours To-day
THE Church is not impersonal. It is
a company of individuals, each of
whom has expressed determination to
acknowledge Jesus as Lord and God, to accept His teachings and follow His example.
The Active Christians
Those who persist in the Way find their
lives radiant with hope. They have an object
in living. They are not plunged into hopeless misery by bereavement. They develop
character. They learn contentment. Being themselves
men of hope and good-will,
they are centres of hope and
good-will in the world.
The Inactive Christians
National Peace
Thank-Offering
tians as a proof of the inefficiency of the
Church, or of the Gospel it. proclaims. If,
therefore, all lukewarmness should disappear the critics of Christianity would bi
confounded.
Where Do You Stand?
You are a Christian.   Are you ardent or
Careless?   Are you whole-hearted or halfhearted?   Do you realize that the Church in
Canada faces unprecedented responsibilities?
You believe that the Gospel
of Christ is a perfect solvent
of selfishness and class-hostility.  Will you do your part
to give it free course?
Not all continue faithful.
Many neglect to keep the
Pattern before them. They
cease to pray. They forego
public worship. They become
only nominal Christians.
Their sympathies are on the side of Right,
but they miss the full-orbed peace that comes
from being obedient to the Heavenly vision.
Aiding the Enemy
Apart from their own loss, lukewarm
Christians do positive harm to the Faith.
Enemies never cite the lives of notable Chris-
Simultaneous Every-Person
Canvass by Each Communion
February 9 to 14
A Great Possibility
"Righteousness exalteth a
nation, but sin is the reproach of any people." If
all the Church Members of
Canada would begin today
to follow earnestly the principles enunciated by their Divine Master; if
they would acknowledge their stewardship in
full measure, the name of Canada would ring
around the world. Therefore, the Question is
to you:
"What shall I do then with Jesus,
who is called Christ?!'
A United Appeal
FIVE Christian Communions—Anglican, Baptist, Congregational, Methodist
and Presbyterian—have in Canada ten thousand congregations, over one
million communicants, and represent more than half of the population of
the Dominion. Under the stimulus of five great Forward Movements, it is in
the power of these people to root out the evils of materialism in Canada, and
to conserve the spiritual values revealed by the chastisement of War. Are
you ready„ for active service ?
The Decision Is Yours
ET Christianity have a fair trial in your own life.   Make Jesus Christ master
in your home.   Test the reality of prayer.   It will give your life direction,
purpose and power.
You can help to cure the ills of Canada and the world.   Be prepared to
serve.   Begin NOW.
I
The United National Campaign
Representing the Simultaneous but Independent Forward Movements
of the Anglican. Baptist, Congregational, Methodist and
Presbyterian Communions in Canada. '*
,^„_  m	 FRIDAY.
.Tabruarj   I,   Its*
TWELFTH YEAR.    Ho.   0
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouvm, a a
PAGE SEVEN
Songs Unbidden-
BY THE PROSPECTOR
This volume of poems by a new British Columbia pool
is meeting with a favorable reception in many quarters.
The following ar* brief excorpti from »om» of th* reviews;
"The Author hat seined aad hell
In picturesque language the moodfl
of the moment aud hla subjects cot*
•r a vide range. . . Throughout, howover. there !■ the brondth
of vision ana freshness of outlook
. whioh in the prerogative of tho
dweller in the nutrammeled apacei."
—Victoria Timet.
"His nom do plum* It happily
ehosen becauae he la Indeed a prospector relating all he finds in hit
search for tho preelout things of
earth. His 'Talt of the Moveable
Mine,' Is delicious and tense In hu*
mor, and ts porhaps the outstanding
poem In tht tories.''—Vancouver
Falrplay.
The book tlio contains poems on
such diverst subjects as "Omar
Khayyam,"^ '|Tht     Splrilunliit,"
tronomy." Tht author It a student
ef aoetolotfr *-** hi* sentlmeitt art
expressed In TWMt on "Tht Iu4ut«
tritlist," "Liebknecht and Jaaret"
Mid "Profftat."—Vancouver Sun.
' 'Tht Prosptotor'i volnmo of
lyrics loems to bu to takt lta plaoa
among tho books to bt roekontd
with by any person who zetUm
whtt It gotag ou In tht Canadian
literary world. I shall look for*
wnrd witb no ordinary curiosity tt
the revltwt in the year Twenty*
Twenty of thla delightful volume."
—Aubrey St. John Mildmay, U.A.
"I knoir nothing of ou pott pw»
' tonally. But' I do know that ht hat
caught the spirit of the beauty *n4
the glory of our Weitern Canada
and embodied It In true and beautiful poetry."—"Nemetii," ln D. 0.
Federationlit.
— "John  Buskin,"   aud
For Sale by yonr local botakseller, or mailed direot on receipt ol
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J. W. Fostor k Co., Ltd  345 Hastings Streot West
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The Jonah-Prat Co„   401 Hosting! Street West
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Groceries
The Carthagini|n Peace
******     ******     ******       *******       *******
The Economic Consequences of, the Peace
(By J. M. Koynes)
From the Nation, London '
From special knowledge of the
economics ot European life; from
cloae observation, as an Important
and trusted official, of the work
of the Conference of Paris, and
of the men who dominated It;
and from an indignant soul, this
book has boen composed and dedicated to the "formation of the
genreal opinion of tht future." It
is   femotiunally   written,   In,   pas
sages where feeling broke bounds
and Europe presented herself to
Mr. Keynes' mind as a vision of
all consummated ruin. But , in
the main, It Ib a model of careful
and penetrating analysts. Mr.
Keynes* training was of Cambridge and the treasury, not of
the platform. He knew,, and In
his opening chapter appraises
with much skill, what wer* the
main elements of industrial society before the war, and where
Its weakness lay. He watched
the big four ln the act ■ of tampering with and destroying them.
He has recorded his censura ln
words as scathing as wers ever
■applied- to the governing olass of
Europe since Byron and Shelley
(with far less reason) castigated
Castlereagh. We believo (that
every one of them will. bs Justified. Paris was a scene of chicane, In whioh th* lives of millions, and the fata of humanity
Itself,' were gambled with. The
moralist may reflect that the
gamblers recked little more of
what they were doing than did
the dicers- beforo the Cross. But
to watch the process of transforming the morality of the fourteen points into a blasphemous
mockery of the peoples' hopes
must, to an Instructed observer
like Mr. Keynes, havo been an
almost unendurable ordeal. The
passion of the aot, as lt was revealed to an acute and sensitive
intelligence, Is in this bock. So
also is its faithful record and
unsparing condemnation. It Is
enough to add that Mr. Keynes
has said outright what other authorities, like General Smuts, Mr.
Hoover and Lord Robert Cecil
have half said, and wholly
thought.
Three Meu Did It
Three men made and ruined ths
4tim to the finished accomplish-'
ments sf the prime minister." .
Clemenceau
But Mr. Wilson had a mors dan->
serous opponent than Mr. JAoyi. j
Oeorge. Clemenceau Is ths subject of the most brilliant portrait
that Mr. Keynes has drawn of
tho personalities Who succeeded
In turning Mr. Wilson's evangel
into a finished product of political malice. M. Clemenceau won
because he knew what he wanted,
and was better equipped than
either of his competitors for getting lt. Sitting at the Council of
Four, his strong hands cased in
"grey suede gloves," his eyes
closed, his "face of parchment"
set and impassive, "surveying the
set and impassive, "surveying the
scene wtth a cynical and alniost
Impish air," but missing no
chance of destroying the president's Idea of peace and substituting his own, M, Clemenceau's
figure assumed a robust and pagan grandeur to whloh neither of
hli rivals could attain:
__      Politics   of. Bismarck
"Bs felt about Franae what
Pericles felt at Athens—unique
value in ker, nothing else matter*
lug; but Ills theory of politics
was Bismarck's, He had one illusion—France; and one disillusion—mankind, Including Frenchmen, and hi* colleagues not least
His principles for the peace can
be expressed simply. In the first
place, he Vas a foremost believer
in the' view bf German psycho?
logy : that the German understands and can understand nothing but intimidation, that he Is
without generosity or remorse. In
negotiation, that there is no advantage he will not tak* of you,
ahd no extent to which he will
not demean himself for profit,
that h* Is without honor, pride
or mercy Therefore you must
never negotiate with a German
or conciliate him; you must dictate to him. On no other terms
will he respect you, or will you
prevent him from cheating you.
But it Is doubtful how far he
thought these characteristics peculiar te Germany, or whether
his candid view of soms other
nations   was   fundamentally   dif
ferent.      His    philosophy
therefore, no place for 'sentlmen-
peace. They were M. Clemen- tallty* ln international relations',
ceau, Mr, George and Mr. WU- Nations are real things, of
son. Their points of view werslwhom you love ons and feet
totally dissimilar. M. Clemenceau for the rest indifference—or hat*
thought of France, Mr. Wilson Md- Ths glory of the nation you
thought of abstraot morality, and l°vs is a desirable end—but gen-
Mr. George thought of himself, erally to be obtained at yoflf
Between the fixed idea of the neighbor's expense. The politics of
French statesman and the no- power are inevitable ,and there JJ
idea, or the low idea, ef the Bri- nothing very new to learn abottt
tlsh one,, Mr. WilBon's Blow mind, this war or the end it was fought
pathetic inexperience and incapa- tor, England had destroyed, as fh
city to apply his principles to the each preceding century, a trade
state of Europe, came to utter rival; a mighty chapter had bee|(
grief. French policy breathed its closed in the secular struggle bj-. ^ny woluu yiw
spirit into the treaty, and then tween the glories of Germany 94,000 millions, or anything like
called on French diplomacy to and of France. Prudenco requir- ft, in, effect, this preposterous
weave a "web of sophistry and od some measure of lip servioe
Jesuitical exegesis" to givo it ex-, to the 'ideals' of foolish Ameri-
pr--sion, 6nd at the same time to cans and hypocritical EngliBh-
present a plausible counterfeit of men; but It would bs stupid to
American idealism. Mr. George believe that there Is much room
saw the work being done and In the world as It really Is, for
helped to do it, adding a fatal such affairs as ths League of
touoh of .hla own.   When all was Nations, or any sense in the prln
'oversea possessions, and sequestrated the private property of
Germans ln those places, in Alsace-Lorraine, and ln all countries within Allied jurisdiction. It
put at the disposal of the Allies
all German flnanolal rights and
Interests, both In ths countries of
her former allies and ln the
states and territories whloh have
been formed out of them. It
gave the reparation commission
power to put its finger on any
great business or property in
Germany and to demand Its surrender. Never, aa Mr. Keynes
points out, has any previous
treaty conducted such on assault
on priwate property, or made so
broad a road for Bolshevism.
Outside her own frontiers, Germany can be stripped of everything she possesses, and inside of
them, until an impossiblo indemnity has. been paid to the last
farthing, she din truly call nothing her own. The treaty Inflicts on an Empiro built up on
coal and iron the loss of about
one-third of her coal supplies,
with a heavy drain on ths scanty
remainder as to leave her with
an annual supply of only 6» million tons, a* against ths pre-war
produotlon of over 190 million
tons, and ths loss of over three-
quarters of hsr Iron ore. It de.
prives her of all effective control
over hsr own system of transport; it takes the river system
of Germany out of German hands
so that on every international
committee dealing with German
waters Germans are placed in a
olear minority. It Is, says Mr.
Keynes, as though tho powers of
Central. Europe were placed ln a
majority on the Thames conservancy or the port of London authority. Finally, lt forces Germany for a period of years to
concedt "most favoerd nation"
treatment to the Allies, while she
receives no such reciprocal favor
In return.
Lloyd George's Fart
What Is the character of tho
flnanolal burden laid upon thla
reduced and impoverished Empire? Mr. Keynes does not discuss lt as a problem in equity so
much ag a question of practicability, All through the debates of
.Versailles the effeot of ths treaty
$n the economlo conditions of
Europe, whloh was the vital matter, was barely considered. The
worst of all ths sinners against
common sense was Mr. George,
■who proposed from his election
platform to demand from Germany the whole cost of the war,
and declared that a oommlttee
.appointed by direction ot the cabinet, believed that this could be
done. Mr. George -will, we hope,
be strictly ohallenged in parliament to verify this statement, and
(_o produce the report of any committee whloh advised that Germany could pay a capital sum of
accomplished, and the German request t0 be heard against sentence of death had been turned
down, Mr. George, says Mr.
Keynes, tried to reconvert Mr.
Wilson to moderation. Too late;
the mesmeric work of five months
clple of self-determination
cept as an Ingenious formula for
rearranging the balanco of power
in one's own. interests,
Mr. Keynes gives two examples
of tho president's failure before
this powerful man, and ln face of
could not be undone in five days, the  Inconstant nlmbleness of  Mr.
Outfought   and   out-manoeuvred, George.     It  was   notorious  that
Mr.   Wilson   had   forgotten  where Mr.   Wilson  desired   to   leave  the
hie flrst battle ground lay.    Tho ruined German-Austria the power
fourteen points had  been written of uniting with Germany,   Yet he
over   by   the   French   palimpsest, was cajoled by the clause in the
and all they promised for the re- treaty   whloh   barred   that   union
demptlon of the good faith of the on  the ground of Austria's inde-
Allles   and    for   the   salvage   of pendence,   and  permitted   lt   only
Europe  had been scored  out  of with the assent of the Council of
them.    It proved harder, says Mr. the    League,    against    which    a
Keynes,   ln caustic  comment,   "to Fronch veto must always prevail.
de-bamboozle  him."    Central  Eu- And he let himself be persuaded
rope   had   been   deliberately   con- that expenditure on pensions and
signed   to   ruin,   and   henceforth allowances   could   properly   count
Mr. Keynes'  object, as an  expert as damage to Allied civilians dune
critic and a man of conscience, *>y German aggression.    He capl-
was to quit the scene with honor, tulated,   says   Mr.   Keynes,   to   a
and    exhibit   the   culprits'    work "masterpiece of the sophist's art.'
Cal-Van Market...—-™—«—..-. Hastings Street Opposite Pantages
"Slaters" (three stores)  Hastings, Oranvllle aud Main Streets
Woodwards .».  —-v .......Hastings and Abbott' Streets
Spencers Ltd    Hastings Street
Vancouver Co-operative -..  41 Pender Street West
Hatters
Black and Whits Hat Store:... Cor, Hastings and Abbott Streets
Jewelers
Birks Ltd, Granville and Georgia Streets
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H. Malkin.™— «  -.(Malkln'a Beit)
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand. * -(Turner Beeton A Co., Victoria, B. O.)
Paints
Punter-Honderaon Paint Co ~ —— .MB Granville Street
Printers and Engravers
Cowan & Brookhouse ..-.-.- -...-.—.«..- —.........Xabor Tompia
elland-Dibble .._ « ;"'«T,°weJ BulJding
Ole:
Ani
igell Engraving Co.—-.-
ft G. B...
Railways
 and the.......
.618 Hastings West
  0. N. B.
Tom tho Tailor-
Tailors
 521 Granville St; 318 Heatings W.
Tools
J, A. Flott  -	
Martin, Finlayson ft Mather. *.*.	
Theatres and Movies
Empress »....-   Orpheum  „ -.
.Hastings Street West
Hastings Street Wert
Pantages
through an exposure of the true
character of the peace at Versailles.
President's Collapse
"The collapse of the president,"
saya Mr. Keynes, "has beena one
of tht dectslvp moral events of
history. " Here was a man whose
personal influence over Europe
seemed for a moment to restore
the legend of conquering heroism
and revive Its ancient spell over
the minds of men. The influence
had been fairly won; the president's words carried balm for
tho healing of the wounds of the
war, and behind them stood America, with her almost virgin
sword and vast material power.
Why, then, did he fall 7 Clearly
he was a great gentleman, and
an honest one. But the fino mask
of his faco revealed neither the
prophetic gravity and lntentneas,
nor the quick pjay of the student
of affairs. A master of detail
might have won through; and a
man of Inflexible moral purpose,
joined to great knowledge and
agility In council. The president
was neither. Surrounded by "subtle and dangerous spoil-binders,"
his ono tactic wag to "dig his toee
in" and expect his supple antagonists to give way. Finesse was
beyond him:
Had No Chancs
"What chance (says Mr.
Keynes) could suoh a man have
against Mr. Lloyd George's unerring, almost medium-like sensibility to overy one immediately
around him? To see the primo
minister with six or seven senses
not available to ordinary men,
judging charactor, motive and
self-conscious Impulse, perceiving
what eaoh was thinking, and
what fiaoh was going to say next,
and compounding with telepathic
Instinct tke arguments or appeal
best suited to the vanity, meanness, or self-interest of his immediate auditor, was to realize
that the poor president would bo
playing blind men'a buff with tho
party. Never could or never
have stepped Into the position a
mors perfect and predestined vie-
15YEARSENTENCE
FOR m il
Appealed to U. S. Government to Lift Blockade
From Russia
The United Statea Supreme
Court has spoken, and four young
ideolltss have to pay the price
with their lives.
Mollie Stimer, 18, a slip of a
girl, is doomed to 15 years' prison.
Jacob Abrams, Samusl Lipman
and Hyman Lachowsky, none of
them moro than a youth, are to
spend 20 years eaoh behind prison bars.
Their only crime consisted ln
expressing sympathy with millions of starving woman and children. They were human enough
to voice their fellow feeling with
the famine-stricken workers of
another land.
They asked that the blockade
bo lifted from Russia—ths blockado that was killing more human
beings every month than were
sacrificed In half a dozen battles
of ths great world war.
These threo youths and Molllo
Stimer—enthusiasts of the Ideal
of human brotherhood—had published and distributed a circular
appealing to the people of America to Induce the government at
Washington to permit food, modi-
cants and other necessaries to bo
sent to tho slok and starving
masses of Russia.
Thoy woro  sentenced  about
year ago by a New Tork judge,
and tho supremo court confirmed
tho sentence.
History will applaud his flght
against these desolating acts, of
Immorality. How will lt excuse
his abandonment of lt? There
were alternatives to surrender.
The president might have retired
and shaken the dust of Paris
from off his feet. He might have
appealed to the civilization whose
bettor mind he had seen, or he
might have openly aought American aid for a long struggle to
keep the fourteen points Intact.
Alas, it was out of his power to
combine and wield the forces
needed to secure a victory for
"Wilsonlsm," America herself
was not united. Mr. Keynes thinks
that the cry of "pro-German" might
at any moment have been raised
against him, and that In that
case he must have succumbed.
He was hard beset    His thought
was great but It waa premature, bable, for Germany to pay an annual aum at post-war prices of
100 millions for thirty years; that
she possesses a total capital cap
aclty of payment of about 2000
'millions, but that to suggest a
capacity of 8000 Is to talk dis-
fhoneat nonsense. . Summing up
tlie controversy as a financial ox-
pert, he quotes the protest of
Brockdorff-Rantzau to the peace
ponference,  that  "those  who  sign
and ho himself looked heroic
force and. Indomitable mettle td
carry It through.
II.
Mr. Wilson desired a peace df
Justice; M. Clemenceau intended1
to grind Qermany to powder,
How was the second end accomplished and the flrst brought to
nought?    By a breach of lnterna-
that contract was broken. Tho
German government accepted
peace on the fourteen points, and
on the later addresses of- the president. On those terms Mr, Wilson himself accepted their acceptance. It Is perhaps onough for
the purpose of this review to
concentrate on the point which
Mr. Keynea presses to a resistless
conclusion. The Wllsonlan peace
provided <a) for self-determination, (b) for economic equality,
and (o) for no annexations, no
contributions, no punitive damages. What did the resultant
treaty Inflict upon thc enemy? It
deprived Germany of nearly the
whole of her overseas marine. It
banished Gorman sovereignty and
demand was cut down to a plan
for counting - pensions and separation allowances aa damage dono
to the civilian population of tho
Allies and their friends, a provision whioh can not on any honest
interpretation, be reoonciled either with the fourteen points or
with the principles which regulate tke reparation of war damage
to non-combatants. Mr. Keynea
makea tho handsome computaton
that we were entitled to preaent
to the enemy, in consonance with
our engagements, a total claim of
2000 millions, and to take this aa
a final settlement. Wiy wag more
exacted? Partly, aa . Ir. Keynes
shows, because the French plan
was to ruin Germany, and partly
because Mr. George wanted "ginger" for his election programme.
Under this spur ths national
claim of 2000 millions was swollen to the Impossible claim of
8000 millions, 3000 of whloh wero
to be paid, either in cash or in
bonds, by May 1st, 1021. Aa
Germany Is not likely to pay any
large suma at first, It has been
provided that her Indebtedness
should go rolling on at compound
interest. Mr. Keynes computes
that on ths assumption that she
can only pay 150 millions ln a
year till 1986, she will, at that
date, owe us mors than half aa
much again as the original debt—
tbat Is to soy, 18,000 millions, and
must pay 660 millions a year to
discharge tho Interest of that sum
alone. And It she were to discharge the debt ln 48 years from
the armistice, she muat pay 780
millions a year. In other words,
she has engaged herself to hand
over to ths Allies the whole of
her surplus production ln perpo
tulty. Such a policy Mr. Keynes
pronounces to be one of the
"most outrageous acts of a cruel
victor ln civilized history." As
the result of a simple and carefully conducted financial argument, which any reader can follow, Mr. Keynes concludes that
lt would be possible, but not pro-
tional faith. It Is necessary tjej^he P°aC6 treaty will sign the
Insist, with Mr. Keynes, that un*Seath warrant of millions-of Ger-
der  ths terms of the  armistice, m""  ,,,sm   «"»»*»  iS'"*  -hiMr«n •■
the Allies entered into a contract. - ■   - -	
of honor with Germany, and that,,)>uat8 *hswor *° these words."
III.
The remainder of Mr. Keynea'
work tracea In vivid and energetic
diction ths repercussion of thla
injury to Central Europe on the
wholo European system, already
weakened by the breakdown of He
Internal transport, the universal
corruption of Its currency, and
the consequent relaxation of the
power of produotlon, tondlng lln
ally to ths waste and inefficiency
of barter. The picture he draws
la one of moral disintegration no
li t>n than of rapidly advancing
eoonomlo delay. "An inefficient,
unemployed, disorganized Europo
faces ua, torn by internnl strife
and internal  hate, fighting, atarv-
"You can not be against the
capitalist system," says the Metropolitan Magazine, New Tork,
"and still be for America; you
can not apojoglzo for that system
or be ashamed of it and atlll bo a
good Amorican. Tou can not, Indeed, be a good American, ln the
sense of being loyal to Amerioan
traditions, unless you are proud
of tho capitalist system."
economlo  influence  from   all   her ing,   pillaging,   lying."     What   Is| ures?"
tho remedy? Mr. Keynea puts
forward a scheme for the revision
Of the treaty ln harmony with
justice and with the original
pesos scheme of the victors and
consistent with a reasonabel sat'
isfaction of their claims. Ws will
make but one comment on it. We
believo that his plan, or something like it, would, even now,
reintegrate Europe; but we cannot conceive any existing European government assenting to It.
M. Clemenceau will, of course,
have dlaappaered from the scene
without accomplishing the ruin
which he planned at Versailles,
and the fortunes of Italy—which
has practically waived a German
indemnity—will be in new hands.
But fur Mr. Qeorge this almost
mortal blow at the civilized economy need never havo been struck.
Ths brief compunction at the
Bight of his own handiwork, of
Whioh Mr. Keynes 'was a witness,
sprang from the light soil of impulse, and has since yielded no
single act or motion of amendment. A small man can not
grow a great character at need.
The leaders of ths Liberal Party
on both wings were compromised
by the aeoret treatlea, and have
allowed the treaty to pasa with
barely a word of criticism. For
Its radical reform we must con
celve a new statesmanship, answering ln practice to the rise of a
new order in society, and a fresh
seed of spiritual life ln the soul
of man.
ltw Plan
Given such an instrument, and
the moral preparation of tho generation that must fashion lt, the
revision of tho treaty should bea
work of little strain or complication. Mr, Keynes' plan ia for the
liquidation, not only of the German debt to ths Allies, but of
tho Allies' debts to each other.
In this spirit he would dissolve
the reparation committee, with
its dictatorial powers, and assign
ita duties to a reformed League
of Nations, including Germany
and the neutral states. He would
then flx tho amount of reparation at 2000 millions, leave Germany to meet her Instalments aa
she thought fit, with an appeal
on one Bide or the other to the
jurisdiction of the league; acquit
starving Austria of all responsibility; reduce tho Allied option on
German coal to the replacement
ot the French losses, and establish a free trado union under the
auspices of tho League of Nations. Germany would thus be
restored to hopo and enterprise;
but ths problem of Inter-Allied
indebtedness would remain. This,
again, Mr. Keynes would cancel
altogether, Great Britain waiving
her claim to cash payments in
favor of Belgium, Serbia and
France, and the United States
coming ln as the ohief supporter
of an International loan of '100,-
000,000 for the purchase of food
and raw materials and ths restoration of European currency. To
this mission of rescue and hope
America must needs bs the chief
contributor. She would flnd her
reward In the restoration of hor
best market, no less than ln the
satisfaction of her political ideals.
But Mr, Keynes does not ..disguise
the fact that his sahome involves
an almost complete reversal of
our penal and retrlbutory attitude towards ths war. Wo can
keep our vengeance and our ruin
together, or tn an act of moral
onorgy, we can cancel them both.
t "If we aim deliberately at the
Impoverishment of Contral Europe, vengeance, I dare predict,
wll! not limp. Nothing can then
delay for very long the (limit civil
war between the forces of reaction and tha despairing convul-
alona of revolution, before which
tho horrors of the late German
war will fade Into nothing, and
whioh will destroy, whoever is
victor, the civilization and the
progress of our generation. Even
though the result disappoint us,
must ws not bnse our notions on
better expectations, and I believo
that the prosperity nnd happl
ness of one country promotes that
of others, that the Holldarlty of
man is not a fiction, nnd that
nations can still afford to treat
other   nations    as    fellow    creat-
work tbt wfllendire-ttewffl ait hm
to be replaced in a few months or years—
that fits, looks and performs as the natural tooth
equipment did or should—this it the sort of dentistry that
you, the patient, sre interested in. And this if "Grady-'
grade" dentistry—fulfilling all these requirements ani
under an absolute guarantee for 10 years. Every pieea
of "Grady-grade" work is so guaranteed—from tht
simplest tp the most elaborate—because only the highest
skill, the most conscientious care and the best materials
go with every piece of work. My price schedule is permanent and moderate indeed. •
s_J^*WB*%_s
QRnmm
«UK    Il.lhll.Nlis    WKsi—>-u«i>E« MOVMOUll
The Best Value
in Footwear
AT THE-
BOOT SHOP
, 319 HASTINGS 5T W
OUR DOWNSTAIRS SHOE DEPARTMENT
SALE NOW ON-ALL NEXT WEEK. WALK
DOWNSTAIRS AND SAVE DOLLARS
Women's Boots, small sizes for.
Women's American Boots	
Leckie's Boys' Boots, 1 to 5 -—
Girls' Steelite Boots, 11 to 2 __
..$2.85
..$6.88
..$4.96
-$3.85
Hundreds of Other Big Values
^SfPI at Special
^CREDITi Prices and on
b%firrl^^J Easy Terms
CO'
342 Hastings St. W.
Near Homer  St.    >
We never carry over
stocks.    To   successfully
oarry out our regular policy we are clearing our many lines at sacrifice prices.
These prices are only example*—yon an twited to visit
our store and see the rest for yourself.
Ladies' Suits regularly
sold at $49.50 to $79.50
now $39.50, 849.50,
$59.50, $65.00.
Ladies' Dresses—many
lines in all shades and
styles.
All Greatly Seduced
Ladies' Coats regularly
sold at 139.50 to $69.50
now $29.50, $39.50.
$49.50, $59.50.
Full lines of men'i
clothing at wonderful r*.
duclions—a'l on the easy
pajment plan.
EVERYTHING ON CREDIT
342 HASTINGS WEST Near Homer
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for oo» jssr's mtaicripttm ta Th*
B. O. PtdmtJoabt, will U mftlM to
•ny address la Oin*<U for |17.I0.
(Oood anjwhsra oitild* of Vwicoafir
city.)  Order Ma today. Bwrtt whan Ml*.
BUY UNION-MADE SHOES
Mr. Union Man, when you buy shoes look for the Union
Stamp. It is the best assurance that you are getting full
value for your money.
Our shoes are Union-made by tbo best shoemakers in th*
country.
Quality considered, our prices are the lowest.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 GRANVILLE STREET
Equal to Your Luckiest Bake
365 Days in the Year
QUANTITY production—quilitjr materials—machinery   hat
mnae bakor'a bread cheaper and better thaa home made.
Try it.
Shelly Bros. Ltd.   Phone Fair. 44 PAGE EIGHT
twelfth year. no. o   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. a
.February  0, 19
CLAMAN'S STORB  NEWS
Announcing-
iT\.   _    _)
Suits
•for Young Men
$25
HowWeDoIt
We have eliminated the waste incurred by manufacturers who
cut all sizes of Suits from standard lengths of Cloth. Young
Men Suits require less fabric than the Man of forty-four uhest
measurement—why waste the difference? We control a factory in the East. Here, we will make up Young Men's Clothes
without waste. The Clothes will be delivered from the factory
to yon, eliminating all unnecessary costs. The Suits will have
the same.careful tailoring—the same all-wool fabrics—and
we'll say you'll pronounce the styles good. The price is $10
and $15 less than you would pay for Clothes of like quality
under other conditions. Come in and see these exceptional
values at $25.00.
OTHERS AT $30.00 AND $35.00
It is important that thc Young Man of today look the part
of Success. Clothes impressions are great factors in bringing
or suggesting Success. You are sure of making this impression
when you buy one of these new PREP. SUITS. They have
the marks of quality; the surety of styles; the guarantee of
value. They bring out the figure perfectly—give that well-
formed, erect look. They may be worn with belt or without.
Thy're new and different; snappy from the word "go." The
fabrics are all wool and your satisfaction is guaranteed.
Tlie Home of
Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Claman's
Lumber Barons'   $
Have Declared War
(Continued from page 1)
LIMITED
!9I9,HartSchairnerfcMar*
Here is our PREP. SUIT SERVICE in a nut-shell! Wc have
the styles that make you appear at
your best—in all-wool fabrics at
right prices. You couldn't ask
more; we wouldn't want to give
you any less.
153 Hastings West
CANADA'S LARGEST EXCLUSIVE STORE FOR MEN   AND BOYS
Andrews, K.C, of Winlnpeg, members are therefore waiting to see
if the employers will live up to
their statements In Clause 1.
No Alarm
Clause 2. Aa a. closed shop has
never been established by this organization there Is no alarm among
the members over the published
statement that "The open shop
principle is adopted and will be
maintained." Por If any worker
has not sufficient intelligence to
Join an organization that is controlled by his own class, which is
being maintained and operated in
order to mako his nnd other workers' conditions moro tolerable, then
his mentality must be impaired,
and sooner or later the boss would
run him out of camp without members jeopardizing their jobs by doing so.
Men Decide
Clause 3. It has always been the
polioy of the h, W. I. -U. to have
members in camps decide what
their demands shall be, the officers
of the organization do not attempt
to dictate to tho members what
they shall demand, they leave thfs
to the common sense of the members, but as far as suggestions coming In from the outside are concerned, unless the employers place
the workers in the logging cumps
into solitary confinement it will be
impossible for them to stop sugj-
gestions coming' in from the outside,    ' ;   '
Clause 4. Jf the employers Will
live up to' this clause vlt will be a
booh, to the loggers, as itjwould
save the organization considerable
expense and worry'in tryfrig ! to
have the laws of B. C. enforced as
the health and sanitary laws of this
.country are continually being broken by the majority of employers in
the logging'camps.
Clause 6.. This , clause states
"That, the management desires to
meet their employees In a spirit
of equity and fairness.:'. Can this
be done under the profit .system ?
Clause 6. Re co-operating .with
employees. This Is merely a hypocritical atatement Intended to cover up the real reason for the issu-.
ing of the ultimatum, for every legitimate lumber workers ! knows
only too well what conditions jn
the camps were previous to. the,
coming into being of the L, W. I.
IT. and they realize that unless tin//
keep the organization intact, similar rotten conditions with Jong
hours of labor and small pay would
again be established in the logging
camps.
It is such hypocritical statements
that are- causing the present distrust among human.kind,j but the
workers.are getting wise/and when
they hear employers talking/ about
co-operating with thoir employees,
it reminds them of the fable about
the lion, lying down with the lamb,
The only placo the Jamb could
lay down that would ■ satisfy the
lion wouldbe on the inside, and
members of the L. W. I.-U. don't
desire to be the lambs,   .
desire to act constitutionally and
gain their ends. ■■'■ ?"
Where There Is a WUl
There Is a saying that, "Where
there Ib a will there is a way;" and
there is no doubt that the lumber
barons will flnd that the members
of the ii. W. I. U. have a will and
also a way to beat them in the war
that they have started, and it may
not be long before they are witling
to call a truce and go back to the
status quo but also, they will
flnd like those who were responsible for starting the late war, that
it is impossible to go back. The
workers are becoming tired of having the money lords dictate the
terms of employment and desire to
take a hand In the question of dictatorship themselves, and who
should have more right than the
workers themselves, to say what
terms and conditions they shall
work under.
Members In City Not Worrying
At the propaganda meeting held
at Headquarters on Sunday after-
noon the members present seemed
more concerned over the question
of four organizers from the East
being allowed to be seated as dele
gates in the recent convention of
the L. W. I. U. .than they were over
the declaration of war by the lumber intorests, this would apparently
indicate that they do not fear the
master class, as they seem more
concerned over constitutional technicalities than they ara over the
class war.
It is to be hoped that the master olass will conform to the constitutional laws of this country as
well as the delegates to the convention conformed to the constitution of the L. W. I. U., for If they
do, the workerB .will have no one
to blame for the existing condition
of things, but themselves.
OUR WARES WEAR WHERE WEARS WANTED
THE PIERCE-CLERIHUE
,     DEBATE AT VICTORIA
(Continued from page 6)
It Means Wnr.
In spite of the hypocritical word'
ing of the ultimatum, no Intelligent worker could mistake its
meaning', for it means war between
the Lumbermen's Association and
the L. ,\V. I. U. The attacking party
Is the lumber Interests, it therefore
follows that the L. W. I. U. will
be the resisting party to the attack; what resistance will be offered by the general membership has
yet to be seen. It may differ from
that formerly adopted by other labor organizations, in so far as calling a general atrike. There Is no
doubt that many members may be
discriminated against, but there are
many members of the working
bs being discriminated against
these'days that if a general strike
was called on account of each case
of discrimination the workers would
be on strike all the time, and then
according to the decision of Judge
Metcalfe, sympathetic strikes are
illegal, it will therefore be up to
the members of the L.-W. I. U. to
devise 'ways and means differing
from former tactics adopted by
other labor organizations if  they
The M.T. Loggers1 Boot
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63 CORDOVA STREET WEST, VANCOUVER, B. C.
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Phone Seymour 6fi0
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thos. Foster & Co., Ltd.
514 Granville Street
Corp Zaneth Gives
His "Evidence"
(Continued from page 1)
and would like to give him a
chance. Following which, Zaneth
said that ho went from Spring-
field to Calgary to take up farming becauso his grandfather was
an agriculturist." He said he did
not wear his uniform when giving evidence in the Russell trial.
"I received instructions to put on
the uniform when I came to Winnipeg," he declared; and, continuing, said, I am still a dotcctive
ln tlie Mounted Police. I won't
wear the uniform when I go out
of court If Instructed to take lt
off. He said, I was never told to
wear the uniform until I came
into court on this occasion. Ho
admitted that he sold a great deal
of literature, and that no arrests
were made In Calgary In one and
a half years, and until after the
Winnipeg strike, and that no arrests had been made in Alberta
yet.
Under examination by Mr. Andrews, witness said he had done
his duty, to which Mr. Bonnar interjected: "Witness himself said
his fourth name was Liar."
Mr. Andrews—"He never Ued to
the Mounted Police. He could not
get Information without lying."
Justice Metcalfe—"He was a
spy. He was sent out to get information. How would a spy get
Information ln Germany or in the
lines of the enemy, external or ln.
ternal, without lying? He says he
was a liar. We all know he was
:i liar."
His evidence concluded, Zaneth
walked out of court, his spurs
clinking as he left the room.
Sergeant Major Barber, of the
J'lounted Police, now located at
Vancouver, said that he had left
there Monday night to give evidence   against   Bray.
Kobert "Gingor' Snook, elghly-
jiix years old, who has two or
three garbage wagons, described
how someone pulled nuts oft* wa
gons during the strike, declaring
that he did not belong to a union
and lhat when he had to join a
union to get a living he would
get out of town.
Various Mounted Police officers
r*nd four newspaper reporters gave
evidence  as  to   meetings  held   in
Wild Speculation
throughout the world is
forcing food and clothing
sky-high. Speculators are
buying producing establishments one day and
selling them at a big profit
the next. Manufacturers
arc boosting prices and
middlemen are adding to
the chaos. In other words
the competitive system is
on the rampage.
In the meantime, however, the co-operativo
movement throughout the
entire world is making
greater strides as the result of this, than ever before. You can add your
weight to this sane and
democratic movement by
becoming a member and
making your purchases at
thc local store.
SATURDAY   SPECIALS
Swift's Premium" Bacon,
sliced,   per  lb OOo
Co-operative Tea, "The
Best,"   per  lb.   ...... BBo
Pacific   Milk,   per  can..l2o
Royal City Tomatoes, per
gallon BOc
VANCOUVEB
CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETY
41 Fender Street Weat
Phone Sey. 493
various theatres In Winnipeg sev-
seral months previous to the
strike, as well as of the soldier
riots, and episodes during thc
strike. Stenographer Peny of
Fernle gave evidence of notes taken during the Western Labor Conference, and British Columbia
Federation of Labor and Miners'
conventions. He identified certain
defendants who were prosent.
Various documents and correspondence were admitted as evidence, the crown prosecutors reading certain passages, while the
defense, . particularly Pritchard,
followed by reading important articles from seized literature which
Is favorable Jo the defense.
The trial of F._ J. Dixon is proceeding at the same time In an
adjoining court, the same witnesses and the same evidence being put in at both cases.
VANOOUVER TRADES
COUNCIL MEETING
Brewery   Workers   Affiliate   With
tho International Trades and
Labor Council
Credentials were received from
the v Bookbinders and Brewery
Workers' Union and the delegates
seated at the International Trades
and Labor Council, Thursday evening. The committee from the
United Service Council reported
that some of the returned soldiers
temporarily employed by the Vancouver post office, had been laid
off. Bookbinders reported an Increase In wages. Hotel and Restaurant Employees reported progress.. Engineers reported increased
demand for engineers. Dairy Employees reported arranging for a
dance. Machinists Lodge 182 reported the payment of $1100 ln
strike benefits to thc local membership by the International. Barbers reported progress In the matter of obtaining shorter hours for
their trade. Brewery Workers reported having a closed shop, and
the Bakery Drivers reported splendid progress by the union.
President Welsh waB elected to
represent the council, at the Invitation by the City Council to send
a delegate to a meeting to discuss
the subjeot of introducing new
methods of taxation,
itallst system was doomed to
death, and is already dying, but
meanwhile, he said, I sometimes
picture it as a great wall standing' across the valley and shutting
onV:our way to the promised land.
Now, someone has made a breach
in' that wall, and lt le a rather
ragged, nasty jagged hole and we
are told It was made Irregularly,
Illegally, unconstitutionally, and
because lt isn't the correct shape
we mustn't use it or look through
lt, but must keep on patiently
marching along that wall looking
for an orthodox door.
. Now, friends, through that ragged breach we can got a glimpse
or* what the new world may be,
and It is our duty not to waste
time as to how or why that hole
was made—it la there, and capitalism is that much weaker! It
Is up to us to see that that hole
is not closed up! (Continued applause,)
And then the questions! The
stern and brutal chairman Insisted tha't In common fairness they
should be addressed alternately
to the two speakers—and It was
so—but he couldn't scare up more
thun two or three for Pierce!
The First was, "Doean't Mr.
Pierce think that Mr. Clerlhue
deserves a vote of thanks for
boosting Bolshevism?"
Mr. P. Left It to the Audienoe
Another was the old sob-story
of the man who had saved enough
to live on without work. Would
the soviet system rob him of his
vote? Mr. Pierce replied with
tears that he feared it would be
so until the Individual concerned,
if young enough, adopted the honest course of working to live.
Mr, Clerihue's questions came
hot and faBt. Very few were satisfactorily answered. Some were
evaded; many were ignored. One
returned soldier asked him to ex-
STOCKTAKING
SALE
END OF THB SEASON CUT PRICES
Consider your wants and the priees below—call and inspect these great values—select your garmcnt.pay a small
deposit and the balance "pay the easy way!"
WOMEN'S SUITS of Blue
Botany Serge. Up-to-the-
minute styles, going at	
LADIES' COATS — These
are neat Tweeds and the better cloths—only	
O'COATS—Tweeds	
Fox' Men—Beavercloth ...$15
*30g?
$2o.oo
..$10
Ladies' and Gent's
WATERPROOF — Ridiculously priced at '.	
$13.50
UP
An exceedingly choice stock of ladies' dresses
ln serges, silks, etc., latest shades and exclusive designs at prices which will astonish
everyone	
*18£°
DRESS WELL ON EASY TERMS AT THB
New York Outfitting Co.
143
Hastings
Street W.
Opp.
. Province *-
Offlco
THE
FAMILY
CLOTHIERS
PAY
THE
EASY
WAY/
Phono
Seymonr
1361
OPJ5K
A CHEDI?
ACCOUNT
plain why, if the Soviets were nil
Ing by force alone, soldiers sent
against them were continually deserting and others refusing to go
at all?
Answer: He supposed they surrendered to force! Another queried how the working class In
Russia or any other country could
reasonably be culled a "minority?" The reply was that tlie
soviet franchise was limited to a
very small minority, excluding all
such as the majority of the audience here tonight!
Questions os to Bolshevik candidates being returned ln local
elections ln Siberia and elsewhere,
even against threats of allied "displeasure," about the co-operation
of the Intellectual und other "academic" opponents of the Bolsheviki, now working harmoniously
with them, for instance Maxim,
Oorky,   Lunarchasky,    Kropotkln,
etc., etc., as to the "mass terror'
being an inevitable reaction from
and reply to the brutal white terror organized by the allies; ex-
planation of the death-ring around
Russia, with no declaration ol
war, and many others were intelligently and politely put, but
the answers were either a flat denial or the old House of Commons' wheeze, "We have" no Information.1"
Still Mr. Clerlhue did his best,
and had some friends along with
him, and now we hear that another debate iB being staged by
Mr. Pierce as soon as possible;
same  old topic!
WHEN  HUNGRY
Hastings
Street
Kast
CAFE
liVT  AT THB
Hut-
Stnet
DM
New Store Hours:    8:30 a.m.  to 0 p.m.
Canadian money,
Canadian made,
Should be spent in Canada
For Canadian trade.
Spend your clothing
dollars for Canadian
goods
GIVE YOUR PATRONAGE WHERE YOUR
DOLLAR BUYS 100 CENTS WORTH.
We offer you Madcd-in-Canada
clothing—just as good as is made
on the continent—models and
styles the equal of any.
When you buy a suit at Dick's
you can bet on it that you're getting value—Dick's suits are built
to fit the lines that are approved
by men who dress fashionably.
The "largest store for men in the
West"  carries  an  exceptionally
great variety of patterns
and styles—all in materials
that  givo  first-class service.
There's a suit here for
every man in Vancouver
—young, old or older—all
ages and all tastes—at
from
$25 to $75
Special lines for younger
men — first long pants
suits at
$15 to $35
WM. DICK LTD.
3345-47-49 Hastings St. East
The Largest Store in the West for Men.
-■"^

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