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British Columbia Federationist Sep 15, 1922

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Array FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITTt   STRENGTH-
Official Organ Vancouver Tradesjand Labor Council (International)
POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTORY
FOURTEENTH YEAR.  No. 32
POUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FfflDA^MORNING,  SEPTEMBER 15,1922
$2.50 PER YEAR
P
Label Committee to Have
a Dance Every
Month
|; Every Organization Will
Be Given Special
Night
The label committee of the Van'
couver Tradea and Labor CouncU
bas arranged for a series of educational social evenings for the com*
Ing fall and winter months. The
programme is so arranged as to
cover the next eight months.
The objective of the programme
of the committee, is to educate tht
workers to demand the union label
wherever possible, as well as the
shop card and union button.
The committee Is making ar*
rangements to hold a whist drive
and dance every month, one-third
of the profits of these social func-
► tions to go to the Union Label
League, the "balance will be devoted
to the organizations participating.
Last year the label committee spent
hundreds of dollars in educating
the public to demand the union
label, and to patronize barber
shops, restaurants, and other busl'
nesses, carrying union cards. In
addition to the sums spent for this
work, some $200 were given to the
building fund of the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council, which
body Is considering the building or
securing of permanent quarters for
the organized labor movement of
Vancouver.
The first whist drive and dance
will be held in the Cotillion hall, on
Tuesday, Sept. 26, and all other
social functions of the committee
will bo held in the same hall to
secure that continuity which Is es-
It sential to a successful campaign
for the union label and shop card
trades.
The committee seeks the support
of every labor organization in the
work for the season, as the mem*
berB of the committee recognise
that the stronger any branch of
the Labor movement ls, the stronger the movement generally,
- In order that each union may
participate, there will be a special
combinations of unions at each af-
} fair, and each union will be notified
as-to the date when their organization will be given special attention.
The following are the dates already arranged for:
Sept. 26, Union Label League,
'composed of all trades using the
Union Label, shop-card or button.
The lady or gent holding the winning number on ticket, will receive
a ladles' or gent's suit.
Other datea follow: October, Me
tal Trades, Structural Iron Work'
era, Plumbers and Steam Fitters;
Boilermakers, Machinists (two locals.)
November—Building trades, carpenters, bricklayers, painters, stonecutters, railway carmen, electricians, steam and operating engineers.
December—Milk wagon drivers,
bakery salesmen, dairy employees,
city firemen, street railway men.
January—Printing trades, printers, sterotypers, bookbinders, pressmen.
February—Theatrical federation.
giuslclans, moving. picture operators, stage employees.
March—Tailors, barbers garment
workers, boot and shoe workers.
April—Hotel and restaurant em
ployees, clgarmakers, soft drink
dispensers, brewery workers.
St.    Louis.—"Don't      Scab—Go
|, Fishing" ia the caption on the cover
page of "Hobo" News, which publishes its September Issue as a hot
weather special.
Kansas Miners Stand Behind the Deposed
Leaders
[By Tom Tlppett]
(Federated Pross Correspondent)
Peoria, 111.—A resolution calling
upon  the  International   executive
board of the United Mine Work-
.   ers of America which convenes 'it
'/  Indlui.apolis Sept. 11, to relnstato
i   Alexander   Howat,   his   executive
,   board and all deposed members of
'   District No,  14. (Kansas),  passod
.   with but one dissenting vote at the
reconvened convention of the II-
1   llnois Mine Workers which assembled here Sept. 7.   Howat and the
entire executive board of District
No.  14 are in Jail serving terms
ranging from six months to one
year for violation of the court of
Industrial relations law of Kansas.
Questions not germane to wage
scale can not   properly come before this convention which was cal-
■ led to hear the report of their scale
i   committee on the Cleveland agreement.
Anticipating tho possible diBcus-
'  ston of the Herrin bloodshed, the
convention hall was packed with
detectives,   Their presence caused
the convention to go Into executive
session while "matters arising out
of the strike"1 were taken up.
President Frank Farrington read
a long report to the convention
which relates every phase of the
strike nnd'the settlement which Is
y_)f! to be acted upon by n referendum of the membership. The report now Is being considered by the
committee on officers' reports, after
which It will be acted upon by **".
convention.
TEXT-BOOKS
Carpenters Endorse Position Taken by Central
Labor Body
Local 452 of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners,
held a very successful meeting on
Monday evening.
There was a good attendance, and
twelve applications for member*
ship were received.
The report ofT"". delegates to
the Vancouver 111 and Labor
Council caused \ « derable discussion, the mall g estlon being
the securing of fn «, xt books for
Bchool children,    \ %
The local endol m the action
taken by the Trades 9 nell on this
question, and it wi t\ lerally expressed that if the p3 'in charge
of the educational ti « es desired
to change the school! 5 :s once or
twice a year in orde 1* have the
children trained as , t£/ wished
them trained, they should pay for
this education.
The fair wage officer came in for
considerable discussion, and this
matter will be referred by the delegates to the next meeting of the
central body for action,
Oriental Wages at Rupert
A Prince Bupert correspondent
reports that: The Canadian' National Railways have again started
to employ Orientals on track work,
and are shipping them out of
Prince Rupert to various points
for the very remunerative sum of
22 1-2 cents per hour.
White men are being paid SO
cents per hour for the same class
of work, and they are both work
ing along side one another.
Many white men are already
quitting work, stating that they
refuse to work with men who are
doing the same work for less
wages.
Big Business Is Behind
the Herrin Hunt for
Victims
Counsel for Miners Expresses Opinion on
Main Probe
(By the Federated Press)
Marion, III.—Trial of the 38 men
Indicted by the grand Jury ln the
Herrin case Sept. 7, and trial of
Otis Clark, previously indicted, will
begin Sept 26 if the cases are given
right of way over other cases al-*
ready on the court calendar for the
term beginning on that day.
No indictments of company officials have been returned as yet.'
The men named are said lo be
unton miners with one exception,
They are: Peter Miller, Charles
Rogers, Leva Main, Joseph Carne-
ghf, Bert Oray, Nava Cannady,
Herbert Rushing, Clyde Lee, James
Galllgan, Dallas McCree, Otis May
nard, Joseph Rhodes, William Stanley, John Kelly, Hubert Walker,
James (Dad) Norrls, Roy Pennington, Harvey Perdue, John Rushing,
Alvfn Stewart, Joe Murray, Campbell Lively, Wesley McPharon,
Frank Adams, Atvln Lolless, Floyd
Stokes, George Anderson, Fred Mc*
Gough, Fred Travelstead, Philip
Fontanetta, Tom Weeks, James
Brown, Otis Clark (second indict
ment),  Lee Howard,  Tony  ■
and Louis Colbert.
They are charged with murder
of strikebreakers and company
guards of the Southern Illinois
Coal Co., June 22.
A. C. Lewis, Harrlsburg, of counsel for the miners union declares
that the bankers and btg business
men of the country are seeking to
discredit organized labor by hunting for victims whom they can attack hi tho supposed name of Justice. The Herrin investigation, he
declares, is the handiwork of or
ganlr-ed wealth.
Always look up the Fed. adver*
Users'before making purchases.
President Seattle Trades
Council Wants
Action
Seattle.—Aggressive action for
the next 12 months was the keynote of President J; E. Phillip's
address to the Central Labor council 'here on his second Inauguration.' A policy of militant trnde
unionism for the Inspiration of
workers will be followed, he said.
No drones will bc allowed on council committeos. A lotter was dispatched to Presidont Gompers, A,
F, of L., setting forth the council's
belief ln Independent political action, ns opposed to Gomper's nonpartisan policy. Gompers had reproved the locul council for Indorsing the Farmer-Labor party.
Get your workmate to subscribe
*->r The Federaltonist.
STRIKE CAUSESF6. If. FORMS
Organizations Function in
Spite of Court's
Injunction
Shops Are Blocked with
Locomotives Waiting
for Repairs
(By The Federated Press)
Chicago.—The strike organization of the railway shop erafts Is
functioning more smoothly than
ever, the Daugherty "open shop"
injunction notwithstanding.
This is the one positive fact in
the cloud of rumors and denials of
rumors regarding a possible settlement of the walkout which was
provoked July 1 by the U. S. rail
labor board's unprecedented slash
of wages and attack on traditional
American working conditions.
Tha executive council of the
striking unions is preparing to submit recommendations to the policy
committee of 90 which meets in
Chicago, Sept. 11, at the time lhe
federal attorney-general will attempt to make his temporary injunction permanent.
Countering the announcement at
Omaha by Carl Gray, president,
Union Pacific, that his road's shop
force is within 18 per cent of normal, the railway employees' department, A. F. of L., gives a sample of what is going on in Union
Pacific shops. The men's system
federation of the XT. P. at Denver
reports:
"One of the largest machines in
the shop is ruined. It is split
through the centre. This machine
cost the company $42,000. ThlB
makes the fourth machine scabs
have ruined. It is costing the company $326 per day to feed 268
scabs. These are not machinists.
To date, they have turned out three
pairs of wheels on the wheel lathes.
They don't need any press to press
the wheels on as they slip on without any pressure."
Michigan Central Federation reports: "Back shop at Jackson,
Mich., blocked with locomotives.
Scabs doing little work. Company
is paying them from 45 to 70 cents
per hour and working them from
10 to 12 hours per day."
Central of Georgia Federation
reports, Sept. 8: "The promises o£
40 cents per hour to Negro scabs
Is not being fulfilled. The majority of them were paid off at the
rate of 18 cents per hour with the
result that many left the service.
San Bernardino, Cal. (Santa Fe),
reports: "Since July 1, 763 scabs
quit the Santa Fe shops. Ten
days ls about as long as any of
them stay. At present they have
700 men working in the entire
shops, 500 of theso are Mexicans
that know nothing about mechanical work. They only have one
boilermaker and two blacksmiths."
Beardstown, IU. (C. B. & Q.),
reports: "About 50 scabs and
guards left here today and they
are going every day."
Y     MEMBERS ARE
White Men Join While
Asiatics See the
Game
I
10
In Spite of Obstacles Russians Are Being
Educated
[By Anise]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Mobcow—"What Is the present
situation ln education?" I aaked of
Lunarcharsky, commissar of edu
cation. It requires a special permit
to see him, as he lives ln the Kremlin.
He answered: "It is impossible
for a central government to do all
the finnaclng of education, though
during the past years, when we had
no financial system, we tried to
handle everything from the centre.
Under the new arrangement, 75
per cent, of the eost of schools Is
put upon the local authorities, except for the technical and upper
schools, which the central govern'
ment still pays for,
"It Is a difficult crisis. The famine has already seriously broken
our educational programme. When
the revolution first started, there
was an enthusiasm for education
which led to the building of 11,000
new schools and a great drive
against illiteracy. But the famine
drained us.
'The schools of Russia can not
handle more than 60 per cent, of
the children, even running double
shifts, where that is possible. But
there is a large donation fund to be
given by the central government to
start the local authorities off ln
their finances. If we succeed In
getting the central executive committee to designate a proportion,
say 25 per cent, to education, thon
it will be better. We shnll have to
flght for It, for everything needs
money.
But we have taught 13 million
adults to read and write during the
past two and a half years. Under
the czar only 20 per cent, of the
army could read and write. By the
time of the Polish war, we had
brought it up to 65 per cent. Now
every soldier, except the newcomers, can read and write."
Taft, Cal.—-The mayor, city clerk
and a Justice of te peace of this
town In the Kern oil fielda havo
been recalled from office because
they are membera of the Ku Klux
Klan.
Patronize Fed A *t\wUfceri.
Company Shows a Great
Consideration  for
Strike-breakers
The U. S. Ral! Shopmen's strike
has had its effect In local circles.
At the latter end of laat week, the
men ,beg pardon the strike break"
ers, and there is a difference, wer*
summoned by officials of the company and informed that in accord*
ance with the decision of the U. 8.
Rail Labor Board's decision it was
necessary for the employees of the
railroads to have an organization.
With commendable forethought,
the officials of the G. N- had made
all the necessary arrangements for
the "men's union." The men were
Informed, after being taken from
the roundhouse to the.depot, where
an elaborate car. was in waiting
for them to hold thetr meeting in,
that the strikers had been offered
every consideration, and that the
men who were now ln the places
of the strikers would receive every
consideration from the company,
but that it was necessary, in order
that they could deal with the
Railway Labor board, that they
should have an organization. The
men, like the dutiful strikebreakers they are, lined up and took
the obligation drawn up by the
company.
Chinese See Game
Strange as it may seem, Chinese
workers who are not supposed to be
white men saw through the camouflage. When asked to join tills
employers' union, they replied, "we
savee very good; we join bosses'
union, all eame cut of ten cents."
One chinaman who la not scabbing, but ls working as a car cleaner, when asked how he was getting along by a striker, stated, "me
no llkee work with scab, all same
as. bad smell."
The following Federated Press
dispatch indicates that the move
made to establish an employers'
union locally, ls but a part of ft
continent-wide scheme to- break the
existing organisations of the work-
era, and set up company unions fn
their place:
Boston.—Aug. 9, the Boston ft
Maine railroad issued a circular to the strike breakers employed In Its shops urging them
to form an organization "to provide an adequate and prompt
means of presentation, consideration and adjustment of grievances" on the basis of the U. S.
rail labor board's resolution of
July 3.
Carefully Laid Plan
The response of the carriers
to this resolution has convinced
union men here that the board's
proposal was one link in a carefully laid plan to supplant the
regular employes' organizations
with company unions. Between
Aug. 9 and 15 the employos were
given an opportunity to vote on
the proposition.
On the 16th it waa announced
that an overwhelming majority
of the strike breakers had voted
in favor of forming such an organization. It was announced
(Continued on page 4) |
_
	
Probe in Herrin Affairs
I Shows They Were
l\    Strikebreakers
Accused Have Never Been
Summoned As
Witnesses
By MAUD McCREERY
(Federated   Press   Staff   Corres-
*„ pondent)
'Marion, 111.—That one or more
members of the American Legion
were among the strike breakers
and coal company gunmen killed
In the Herrin battle and Its aftermath, June 22, has become evident
from investigation of the records of
Coroner McCown. The legion has
bid some following in southern Illinois, where reports from other
states that legion members had
been used as strike breakers in
labbr disputes, have been discounted heretofore.
-The discovery that Antonio Mul-
covich, one of the dead nonunion
men, was a legion member and
that Robert Marsh, another Herrin casualty, was probably also a
legion member, started inquiry in
American Legion circles whether
other victims may not have been
affiliated also.
-{On arriving here I found general interest somewhat subdued
ori account of the almost prostrating heat. Not that the townspeople and the country folk are indifferent to the fate of their neighbors who may become victims of
the mad thirst for indictments displayed by the Illinois chamber of
commerce which Is helping to finance the prosecution to the tune
of -$25,000. But the grand Jury
'has,been sitting since Aug. 28 and
turned out only one Indictment,
that .agalnat Otis Clark, local
miners'  union  preaident.
• Men whose guilt has been fixed
hV the coroner'B Jury hnve not even
been Summoned na witnesses, ho
for as known by those outside the
f'Vet-circles of the prosecution.
Ullarii J, Lester, president at the
ne of the outbreak of the Southern Illinois Coal Co., and stigina-
ttted by Col. Samuel Hunter, Illln-
o-te national guard, as the one to
head the list of thlse indicted, has
announced that he is "through
wixb Herrin." Just the same he ts
suing Williamson county for $219,-
765 for riot damages.
'"the deaths of the decedents
Were due to the act, direct and Indirect, of the officials of the
Southern Illinois Coal Co.," was
the coroner's jury report, June 25,
We recommend that an Investigation be conducted for the purpose
of fixing the blame personally on
the individuala responsible."
Jjntll thiB is done by tho grand
juify, Justice will suffer at the
hands of the Illinois chamber of
commerce, In the opinion of Williamson county residents.
Cleveland.—A strike may result
from the breakup of the meeting
between the Brotherhood of Operative Potters and the Potters'
Assn. Potters demanded 20 per
cent Increase of wages but offered
to - compromise on 8 per cent on
the scale of last November. Newa
comes that the pottery workers of
England, Holland, Germany, Italy
aiid Czecho-SIbvakla have reestablished the International organization of thoir trade with headquarter ln Berlin.
World News in Bfrfef Paragraphs
Washington—Over450,000 frolghtfi
cars are now Jn need of heavy repairs, and a total of 1,0.00,000
freight cars now In service are
in need of either heavy or light repairs, according to figures secured
front government sources .by the
International Assn. of Machinists.
' Sun Jose, Cal. — "A bomb!"
yelled tho scabs at the S. P. yards
here, when they found a queer
looking object. They sent for the
police. The 'bomb" was half of
an old Iron dumb bell, with a
"fuse" fastened on with sealing
wax.
Everett, Wash. — The Central
Labor Council here is arranging tor
the showing ln local theatres of
the Labor News Weeklj', produced
by the Federation Film, a unton
corporation. The propaganda of
the master class against workers
Is to be offset by the new periodical film, it is hoped.
Seattle.—Hot controversy has
broken out here about the wetness of tho last State Federation
of Labor convention. Secretary
James A. Duncan, Central Labor
council, says it was the wettest on
record. President William Short,
of the Toleration repudiated the
statement.
Manchester, N. H.—Eight thousand striking textile operatives
were in line In one of the most Impressive labor parades over staged
here. Stress was laid by the
marchers, In their placards and vocally, upon their determination lo
retain the eight-hour day.
Taeoma, Wash.—The cost of
coal ln human life Ih the highest ln the history of mining In thla
state since owners began trying
to operate with unskilled nonunion
minors, following the national coal
strike which closed down slate
mines April 1. Many mines have
been operating nonunion since
Manh, 1921. Of the 12 fatal accidents this year only ono happened In a union mine, despite the
feet Uuit pH-v to April  half lhe
miners in the state were union
mpn. The death this year is in
the proportion of one death to
5Wry 130,000 tons mined.
. Detroit. — "Developments in
Washington havo disclosed Unit the
machinery built by the federal administration to control tho distribution of fuel haw proved a complete fiasco," according to stuff
correspondence from Washington
to tho Detroit News.
BE TIN BY
Train   Service   Brother
hoods to Oppose the
Injunction
Will Take Common Ac*
tion Where Life Is
Endangered
(Federated   Press   Staff   Correspondent)
El Paso, Tex.—Joint action to
protect themselves against the
Daugherty "open ship" injunction
granted In Chicago has been taken
by members of the train service
brotherhoods in thiB city. They
have organized a voluntary conference ao conatltuted that it does
not conflict with any of the bylaws
or regulations of the national organizations of locomotive engineers, firemen, conductors, trainmen and switchmen. This conference, it is believed, will be the
signal for formation of similar
bodies all over the country.
The Wllkerson Injunction obtained by Daugherty may endanger
the lives of all union railroad men
whose organizations are not on
strike, in the opinion of Frank J.
Ashe, general chairman of the conference. To enforce the injunction
the government will have to flood
the railroad yards and terminals
with troops, armed guards and
deputy marshals. Experience with
railroad gunmen has proved to the
brotherhoods that no life Is safe
In their neighborhood.
The conference, in addition to
preparations for united action
where lives are jeopardized through
the Injunction, will act as the
channel to present grievances arising through violation by the rail
road companies of safety rules laid
down by the interstate commerce
commission and the various Btate
safety commissions. The neglect
of law enforcement In the safety
appliances department has become
notorious.
Chairman Ashe Invites co-operation from brotherhood men ln
other railroad centres. - His address ls 900 Mesa Avenue, El Paso,
Texas.
All the ladles' auxiliaries of the
striking shop crafts and of other
railroad unions and all the worn
en's labor unions ln El Paso have
wired protests ngainst the Daugh
erty "open shop" Injunction to
President Harding and to the Texas
senators and congressmen. The
protests declare the government
is exceeding Its powers in engaging In strike breaking activities ln
conjunction with the companies.
They call attention to the constitutional rights violated by the injunction and thoy call upon similar
organizations elsewhere to register
their protests also.
One dollar and fifty centa Is the
cost for a six months subscription
to the Federatlonist.
GENERAL SHE
Seattle.—Two thousand co-operative mill men are expected
here at their annual convention.
Operation of small mills co-operatively Is proving successful In
western  Washington.
Seattle.—One locnl of the Western Progressive Farmers recently
loaded threo trucks with vege-
tobjos, eggs nnd other staples for
the families of miners who have
been locked out since March, 1021.
X* purse of nearly $100 wns added.
Members of the locul solicited their
entire vicinity for tho donations.
Minneapolis.—U. S. Vice-president Calvin Coolldge, who boasted
ot his prowess as a strike breaker
in Massachusetts before he entered the official Harding family
of strike breakers, was booed nnd
jtered off the speakers' stnnd at
Minnesota state fair. Gov. Preus
attributed the Incident to the unprecedented heat. Coolldge had
persisted in his oratory until cat-
calla forced him to shut down.
.(By Tho Federated Press)
Mexico City.—A nutional industrial; art exhibit has been sent to
the {United States from Mexico.
It 'represents a careful survey of
the republic by a group of Mexican
artists. Tho collected objects cover
the, [entire field of national arl,
whicli is highly developed and
practically unknown to foreigners,
The exhibit uims to open the way
for a better racial aud artistic appreciation of the Mexican race. It
will proceed from Los Angeles to
Boston, Washington, New York,
and lastly to Chicago.
A. F. of L. Recognize That
Ground Is Prepared
for Move
By The Federntod Press)
Washington.—Discussion of the
possibility of a general strike
throughout the country Jn protest
at the Daugherty injunction and
lhe threat of the use of troops na
strikebreakers on tbe railroads, has
developed thc following facts:
A. l'\ of L. officials do not want
a general striko oxcopt ns a weapon of last resort in an extreme
emergency—unless, In olher words,
it seems the only way to save tbe
Whole movement from being
crushed put.
They realtt.0, however, that one-
day or two-day stoppage of work
hy millions of men throughout the
United .Stales might take place,
without the delay contemplated by
the laws or the unions, if sufficient  provocation wore given.
Should such a strike take place,
in response to a Universal demand
and without rpgurd to union laws
as to a referendum bullot, then
It would mean that the federation
had entered upon new tactics, and
was moving toward industrial unionism.
The Fedoration officials recognize that the coul and rail strikes
have prepared the ground for Just
such un outburst of indignation,
nnd that should wholesale arrests
of rail strike leaders take placo
the chance of lho occurrence of a
genernl strike would be very great.
They view with some uneasiness,
however, its Influence upon the
future scheme of organization of
(he labor movement iti this eountry.
Thc executive council of tho
federation lias under consideration
the numerous demands for a general strike. The Harding administration fears that even a one-day
general strike would havo cyclonic,
political effect—-that the Republicans would ho swept from power
in thc house by such u majority as
would seal the doom of their administration in  191-4.
Every reader of Tlie Fcdcrn-
tlfiutst can render vnluahlc asslst-
nncc by renewing (heir subscriptions as soon as they arc duo, and
nnd hy Inducing another worker to
siibscrilH-. H dont not take much
effort to do this,   Tty It
SCIENTISTS GET ISTRIKE AFFECTS
Achievements Get Special
Rewards in Soviet
Russia
(By The Federated Press)
Moscow,—A Central House of
the Scientists has been opened in
Moscow to become the centre of
mutual contact and of the spreading of scientific knowledge. It Is
under the central committee for the
better life of scientists, and ls open
to all scientists registered with
that committee. The committeo
also has a house for rest near
Mobcow, and sanitariums In the
Crimea and the Caucasus for Hs
members.
It la announced that at the
present time the scientists not only
get the academic ration, but alao
fair wages, with special pay for
special work, and particular premiums for high achievement. The
education commissariat has paid
them all the money due them up
to May 1, and they hope to get the
balance shortly, though in the
preaent state of poverty atl over
Russia, wages have a way of running behind. It Is now much easier to receive foreign scientific
literature, and even to make trips
abroad. In fact, several scientists
have been sent on such trips.
Seattle.—Big business in the
form of the chamber of commerce
and tho Building Owners' Assn.
recently assailed the city council
with a demand for a reduction in
city wages. None of the men
pleading receives less than $7,f>00
a yeur, the councllmun declared.
New Haven, Conn.—The state
convention of the Workers' party,
held here, nominated a full state
ticket, headed by John Plank,
Hartford, for governor.
WILL SAIL WITH
Margaret Coughlan Will
Leave Port with Nonunion Crew
All Efforts to Get Fan-
Conditions Have
Failed
Te owners or agenti of the S.S.
Margaret Coughlun, one of the ships
built in local yards, are evidently
adopting the snme tactics os the
Canadian government inerchnni
marine. Despite the efforts of tile
International Seamen's Union anl
the Federated Seafarers Union of
B. C, this ship will set sail with un
unfnir crew.
It will bo remembered that w.hon
(bo P.S. Canadian Exporter and
the Canadian Importer wore lout at
Bea, Ulat they wem manned by non
unii-n crews, owing to very trivial
differences between the manage
mont of the Canadian Government
Merchant Marine ami the org intra I tons of the workers. The pro-
so.it dispute with respect to S.S,
Margaret Coughlan is due to tbe
fact that the union crew was asked
to slRn on to take the ship to Montreal nl the rate of $60 per month
for sailors and firemen, with the
possibility of being left in Montreal
unless ihey Blgn new articles at
lower wages, and jit the worst period of the year.
The Seamen's Union and the
Federated Seamen's organization Is
asking for free transportation from
Montreal back to tbls port, with
subsistence at the rate of $:; per
day on the trip back, which Is a reasonable demand, but the captain
or owners wish to take u crew on
with the possibility of their discharge at Montreal, with no transportation back bom*'. The probable amount tbe men would cam
ou the trip lu Montreal would be
about $u". if the men had to puy
their own transportation bnck, It
would take more than their wages
for lbe trip and consequently, the
union men have rofused to sign on.
nnd an Inexperirmed crew, without
union flfllltation. will mnn lhe ship
when she leaves port.
Inefficient Help Holds Up
Trains on the
G. N. R.
Trapped Miners Victims
of Feud Between Rival
Companies
Jackson, Cal.—Owners of tbo Argonaut mine now deny that tho
fire which has trapped 47 miners
has been smouldering for years, as
has been claimed. They cannot
deny, however, that the reason the
work of rescue bus been Impeded
until lt is almost homeless is that
it bulkhead of solid concroto was
almost built between this mine ami
the Kennedy mine; and that the
■eason It was built was bad blood
between the owners of the two
mines, culminating in a lawsuit.
Tbo state mining lawa require two
exits from every mine. Officially
tbis was provided for the Argonaut
by the old Muldoon shaft, but as
this has practically no workings,
the men cannot escape by ft.
More Men Are Employed
But Delays Now
Occur
There Is but little reported In
the Vancouver daily press relative
to the strike of shopmen on the
Oreat Northern, yet this strike has
affected local shippers considerably,
many complaints having been made
about the non-delivery or delay of
freight.
The passenger service Is also disrupted, and many protests are
being made by delayed passengers
who are destined for points in
Washington and from that state to
B, C
On the llth, at ho Vancouver
depot, there was a delay which Is
worth relating. No. 366 due to
leave Vancouver for Seattle at 3
o'cloek, was delayed one and a half
hours, owing to defective work on
the side rods of the engine. This
engine has been doubling on this
particular run for some time, and
as a result got into such a condition that she hud to be fixed; tho
fixing, however, was defective,
hence the delay.
Another indication as to the effectiveness of the strike so far as
the Vancouver end of the G. N. is
concerned, Is Indicated by the fact
that prior to the Btrike, there were
employed at the O. N. shops two
machinists, two helpers, one boiler-
maker and one helper. These men
worked five days a week and kept
things In ship shape and the motivo power running on time and
without the help of the locomotlvo
foreman. Today there are 11 men
working seven dayB a week, and
yet while there are more men
there aro delays. It has been
atated by local machinists that the
men working as machinists nt-
emptlng to fix and repair locomotives are auto mechanics, and know
nothing of locomotives or even the
elementary rudiments of the machinists' trade.
The work referred to above, on
engine 1067, was renewing of
knuckle pin and bushing. This
work was not done in the roundhouse, but at the Vancouver Engineering company's plant. The
dimensions were tnken by the force
at the roundhouse, but when completed it looked like tho men who
took the dimensions, lt was a misfit; and the engine had to go on
her way with the old bushing and
get to her destlnalon as best sho
could.
Representatives of the local men
on strike claim that on the entire
Cascade division of he Great Northern, there are only three locomotive foremen who remained at
work, and one of these, an ex-card
mnn, Is stationed at Vancouver.
The local strikers have nothing
but contempt for the local strikebreakers, as they claim thnt at
other points the trtrlkebreukers aro
demanding the highest pay; In
some eases n dollnr per Is demanded and bourd, whilo the local variety is willing to work for tho
rate offered the strikors, and
straight timo  for overtime.
Toronto. — President Zurltsky,
United, Cloth Hut & Clip Makers'
union, Is organizing thc workers
In his trade here. A strike Is on
and tho membership of Local 41 is
receiving support from labor organizations in kindred industries.
ECONOMIC LIFE
Official Organ of Soviet
Russia Explains State
Capitalism
[By Anise]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Moscow—When tbe Communist
government of Russia announced
lust year a retreat from Communism to state capitalism, many of
us common folks were perplexed
by the term. Just exactly what
did state capitalism mean? The
epigram of a Communist! "It means
capitalism controlled by the stnte.
instead of the stato controlled by
capitalism." wns clever but hardly explanatory, A page of advertisements In the Journal, Economic
Life, furnishes a belter nnswer.
Economic Life Is one of the threo
chief dnily pnpers of RUBSltt. The
others nre isvestia, organ of tho
government, and I'rav.wla, organ of
the Communist Pnrty, which keeps
up a running tire of criticism on all
persons In official life, sparing no
one, but keeping all reminded of
strict party standards,
Economic Life is the organ of
the Council of Lubor nnd Defense,
the highest economic power In Russia. Among tho advertisements
noted In it ure those of the All-
Russian Co-operative Society of
London, the only ugent of the Russian delegation In Knglnnd; tho
government central paper trust; the
rubber trust of JWnseuw; the Moscow department of transport, and
the stale aulo factories. Of special
interest Is the advertisement of the
henlth department of sanitariums
In thc Crimen, when' besides the
patients sent by the commissariat
of health, there is room for several
hundred pnying patients. PAGE TWO
BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
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Subscription Rates: United States and Foreign, »3.00
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months: to Unions subscribing in a body, 16c per
member per month.
Unity of Lnbor:   Tlie Hope or tho World
i-ptember 16. 1922
Immigration for Canada
MEN AND WOMEN, wlio in years gono by
"*■ emigrated to Canada, will no donbt be interested to know that an organization known
oa thc Canada Colonization Association, is endeavoring to have large numbers of workers
brought to this country. They will also have
memories of the golden pictures which were
painted for them before they left the lands of
their birth, of thc prosperity which would
wait them, on arrival in tlie new Land of
Caanau. But with blasted hopes and dreams
which have never bcen fulfilled, the emigrant
of days gone by will wonder just wbat this
organization is formed for? They will wonder
if it is still another attempt to lower their
standard of living, which has been on the
slide ever since 1910.
The head of this organization which is seeking to secure population for Canada, is Sir
John Willison. He never was a friend of
Labor, and we can hardly expect that he will
be converted to the opinions of the working
class at this stage of his career, but he has expressed himself as being of the opinion that
the next twenty-five years will sec the greatest
expansion in Canada that the country has ever
seen. But the emigrants of days of yore were
-did that Canada was about to expand; that
prosperity was waiting for all who cared to
pack up and go to the land of promise, the
promise may still be there, but it has never
been fulfilled, as only too many emigrants can
testify.
* *      »
Speaking at Saskatoon, a city which has
been built by immigrants, and supported by
farmers from all parts of the world, who
came to seek their fortunes in this land of
promise. Sir John refers to the faot that the
United States has shut down on immigration,
and holds out hope that we in this country
will reap a benefit because of that fact. He
also pointed out that Great Britain was desirous of sending her surplus population to this
country, but what may we ask, will bc the
benefit which the workers of this country will
reap if they bring in the surplus population of
the Old Land, and the residue of Southern
Europe.
* *     *
Possibly a survey of the situation in Canada
at this time will aid us in arriving at a conclusion.
<-*.<.
Canada is essentially a farming or agricultural country. The greater proportion of tlie
population is engaged in agricultural pursuits, yet only this week we read in the daily
press that the fruit-growers on Vancouver Island are feeding cattle with thcir produce, because of the fact that there is no market.
Farmers, who are engaged in the production
of wheat are faced with lowe- prices for their
product, while the city worker is confronted
with wage reductions on every hand. This
country is certainly an Eldorado. It is a land
flowing with milk and honey, a land whero
fortunes are to be made, but not by thc wage
worker.
«    .» '   *
Another member of the organization which
Sir John is the head, speaking at the same
place, stated that "we know our plan will
succeed." Yes, and there are many workers
who know it will succeed also. Those men
are the ones who at one time emigrated from
Uie lauds of their birth and sought their fortunes in Canada. These men will recognize
that the Colonization Association has only one
objective, and that thc exploitation of the
Workers. They will recognize in the schemes
ef this organization the desire to secure cheap
labor. There is no market for Canadian
wheat. Fruit is rotting or being fed to cattle
because there is no market for it, and Europe,
which was at one time looked upon as a possible outlet for the surplus products of the
Canadian farmer, is bankrupt, and the city
worker is moro or less all the time hungry. If
these are facts, and what student of conditions of this country can deny them, then the
only result of an intensive immigration policy
on the part of thc powers which control this
country, will bc greater misery for those who
arc already here. There is, however, onc ray
of hope, and that is that the immigrants will
bring some progressive ideas with them, or if
they do not, out of thcir disappointment, form
them and aid in building up a Labor movement in this country which will bc a power
and resist tho encroachments of capitalism
while striving for the freeing of the workers
from wage slavery.
Education and Reds
■pEADERS of the daily papers in Vanconver,
vf were on Wednesday last, somewhat shocked to learn that tho schools of thc Prairie Provinces were in thc hands of the "Reds." As
a matter of fact, we were pleased to learn tliis,
or at least, we would havo bcen if it were
true. But liko all other capitalistic news
items, it was largely received in Labor circles
•with suspicion. But we were told tbat thc
government was alarmed, and that missionaries and ministers had given the information to
the authorities.
-.      *     *
Only recently wc gave figures and facts aa
to thc mentality of men who were selected for
the United States expeditionary force. In the
figures quoted, it was pointed out that thc
great majority of men who hnd bcen educated
by thc capitalist class, were below tho norma'
intelligence of children of very immatui"
years.    If this is the case, and wc have in
reason to doubt the figures, as they were official, in other words governmental figures, why
on earth should anyone got alarmed if the
reds were in control of the schools. Surely
they could do no worse than tho present controllers of thc educational systems have done!
* * »
The Reds, who are supposed to control the
schools referred to, are supposed to sow sedition. Will some enlightened school teacher
tell us what the non-red teachers inculcate in
tho minds of the children of this country? Is
it the truth, or is it capitalistic propaganda,
so that the children of the present generation
shall be as docile as their parents. We do,
however, know for a fact, that history a3 it is
taught in the public schools of this province,
is not history as it is, but history as our masters would have it. It is not the history of
the human family, but the history of thc rulers of the earth. "While the ruling class may
protest at the Ukranian language schools being in control of thc Reds, there arc thousands of workers, who will in the near future
resent their children being taught that wliich
is not the truth, in order that the present system may survive nnd a new generation of
slaves bc produced which will be as servile
and as ignorant as the present. If tho Reds
teach the truth, what have the rulers to fear;
well do they know, for they realize that a
working class with an understanding of tho
present machinations of tho employing class,
and the system which enslaves the workers,
will soon clear the path for a new order of
society where the truth will be welcomed and
not hidden. One thing must not, however, be
overlooked, and that is that the United States
has started another campaign of "red baiting," and it may be possible that the "news"
referred to is but a prelude to similar aetivities in this country. Spread the propaganda
first, and then act is the motto of the ruling
_!..__    an(J  th(,   pjty   _f   jj  j-  that  jj..   wo-J-erg
class,
swallow the propaganda of their masters and
believe it.
The Revision of the German
Indemnity; M International
Indebtedness
Are Workers Selfish
TN THESE days of action, days when men
must either take a stand or perish, it is not
good policy to philosophize, but a recent
issue of a Labor paper of some standing in
the United States, attempted to answer the
question which is so often asked in these days.
It is: "Are thc workers selfish?" and this
compels us to indulge in philosophy. But beforc the question can bc answered, selfishness
must be analyzed and understood.
* *      »
Is it selfishness to wish to give expression
to that which is best in the human being? Is
it selfish to wish to bring out thc latent talents
wliich are smothered by a system which precludes the self expression which is the mainspring of all human endeavor, if this is selfishness, then the workers are selfish.
But let us take a look at the ruling class.
Are thc members of that class selfish? Is the
controlling of thc wealth which is produced
by a slave class selfishness? Is the control of
a wage earning class a selfish act, or is it but
an outgrowth of a system whieh compels men
to cither eat or be eaten? Like every other
moral edict of the present system of
human society, selfishness is determined
by the ruling class. The workers
are selfish when they interfere with thc profits
of the employera. They are selfish when they
resist wage cuts; they are even more selfish
when they seek to get an increase in the
monetary remuneration for their labor, even
though that increased monetary remuneration
only gives them a lower standard of living than
thoy had a few years ago, owing to thc chaos in
the financial world. Of course, tho workers arc
selfish in the eyes of thcir masters, but they
consider that their masters are also selfish
when they control the means of their subsistence, but it must be realized that selfishness,
in other words, the desire to give to the individual the power to express himself in all
his aspirations, is after all the highest form of
morality. We only wish the workers were selfish enough to take that which belongs to
them, if any right but might existed, and that
is the product of thcir toil, a new concept of
selfishness would then be accepted, and tho
selfish man would be th'e onc who wished to
cat but refused to work, of which there arc
aplenty theso days.
A short time ago we referred to the fact
that ships built here at a great cost had been
disposed of for a song, and at the same time
made reference  to  "capitalistic  efficiency."
The following is an Associated Press dispatch
which appeared in a local paper this week :
Washington,  Sopt.  12.—The  shipping
board today got rid of its "whito elephant."  The great fleet of wooden vessels
conceived during the war as a means of
rapidly bridging the Allnntic, was knocked down at a private competitive sale to
George D. Perry of San Francisco.   The
price—$750,000 for 226 vessels, all but ten
of the entire wooden fleet—was considered
as a bargain as evidenced by the spirited
bidding, which rapidly ran the offers from
a first bid of $406,000 to $750,()0O, which
was accepted by Chairman Lasker and
other members of the 'shipping board. The
wooden fleet was built at a cost approximating $300,000,000.
Of the fleet 217 vessels aro wooden and
nine wood and steel. Two hundred and
eleven are now at Claremont, Va., 13 at
Orange, Texas, and two at Beaumont, Tex.
One of the conditions of the sale was
that they were not to bc used for transportation purposes as steamships, and that
they would be dismantled within a reasonable time.
Chairman Lasker said, after thc sale, he
thought the successful bidder expected to
dispose of thc ships as scrap.
# »      *
The above news item may not mean much
to a lot of peoplo ,but it may be possible to
show to thoso who imagine that 'ships are
produced to carry commodities, that this is
not always thc case. Ships are produced for
profit, and in this case tho United States gov-
-rnment, recognizing that there are too many
ships, is willing to scrap a large number so
hat the profits of the shipping companies may
■iot be interfered with.   Incidentally, it might
ie noted that when there are too many work-1
•rs on the market, they too are scranmd.     !
[By Karl Radek]  _
(Written Early In Auguat)
"THE ALLIES will ihortlir again
**■ be confronted with the $]_stlon'
of the revision of the economic
sections of the Versailles Treaty.
During the peace negotiations, responsible Frenoh statesmen in the
course of their demands, mentioned
sums so trenemdous that they actually exceedod the French national treasury deposits. It appeared
as though thoy had promised themselves to enrich France out of tlio
proceeds of the German reparations payments. When the Allies
finally sent Germany an ultimatum
In the spring of 1921, the amount
of tho demands had reached 132
billions of gold marks. Naturally,
this was an impossible amount. It
represented tho half of the national
assets of Germany, and, even if
divided into thirty annual payments
could not possibly be procured.
Next came the proposal that Germany should pay two billion gold
marks annually, as well as 26 per
cent, of the value of her total
exports. At that time, May 6, 1921,
tho dollar equalled 60 marks; thus,
the required two billion gold marks
equalled about 28 billion paper
marks. Germany made the first
payments, and German currency
began rapidly to fall. In March of
the present year, the Allies reduced
the money payment for the year
1922 from two billion gold marks
to 720 millions. But even this
amount, reduced by more than half,
was worth 51 billion paper marks,
At the same time, the hope that
foreign credit would .be extended
was shattered, as the American
bankers were not willing to grant
any loan unless the economio provisions of the Versailles treaty were
altered. This led to a. new down
ward plunge of the mark; the dollar
climbed up to the 349 mark, and,
after Rathenau's murder, it rose to
540. (Sinco the writing of this ar
tlcle, the dollar has risen to over
800 marks). In June, the 720 million gold marks amounted to 80
billion paper marks, instead of 51
billions as in Maretr- Thus we ob
tain the following pretty results:
When, In the early part of the year,
Germany was subjected to a tribute
against which the whole country
rebelled, It amounted to 28 billions
paper marks. And then when; a
year later, the Allies charitably re.
duced the sum by more than one.
half, the amount of this diminished" tribute rose to 80 billions.
Germany paid again on the lath of
July. She is not ln a condition to
pay more. And, on Augustus, another payment is due.
Under Allied Control
Germany desired a moratorium
for three years. Before consenting to grant this respite, the Allies
demanded that Oermany abandon
to them the control of her national
finances. Germany assented. The
Allies will hnvo two financial commissioners in Berlin; one will con
trol the income, and the other tha
expenses, of Germany. And at the
same time as the budget is present
ed to the reichstag. It must also be
submitted to the Entente flnanclal
y commissioners, not, of course, to
provide them with entertaining
reading, but so that they may or*
der alterations. All the flnanclal
supplementary bills of the government, all flnanclal laws, must pass
the censorship of the Entente's
agents. All statistical data must
be given to them. They have the
right of control over the expense's
of the governing authorities, and
the right to investigate as to whether thoso expenditures have actually been incurred. The German
governmental press explains proudly that tho state of Germany, in
spite of all, cannot be compared
with that of Turkey, as Turkey was
compelled to placo a certain portion of hor national Income at the
disposition of foroign capital. Quite
Ight! Between the position of
Turkey and that of Germany thore
Is an Important difference. The
highly civilized German people
must submit to control over their
entire public finances. The Gorman situation ls ton times worse
than the Turkish. The German
governmont has entered into a compromise whieh signiflos tho renunciation of Germany's flnanclal independence, in the hope that they
would not only gain a breathing
spell in the form of a respite of
money payments, but that their
submfssiveness will aid them to secure international loans which will
render possible the restoration to
health of the German economy.
Capitulation, however, has already
taken place; but the respite Is not
yet granted; for this concession
does not depend only upon the good
will of England and France.
Tlio Interallied Debts
France finds herself In such
situation that Bhe cannot forego
the German cash payments. The
French budget hns developed such
an enormous deficit, that not even
the carrying out of the German
payments would cancel it. At the
outbreak of the war, France was
28.8 billion francs in debt. Her war
expenses amounted to 165 billion
francs, of which 23 billions were
covered by receipts. Therefore,
Frnnce emorged from the war with
debts amounting to 170 billions.
During the three post-war years,
her debt mounted to 860 billion
francs. On October 1 of this year,
tho French debt to England becomes due, and France should then
start to pny her English debt of
684 billion pounds storling. Her
debt to America amounts to $2,950,
800,000, and her debts to Japan aro
133,000,000 yen. England demands
from France, either that she pay
her debt, or that sho consent to revise her demands upon Germany
and renounce an Important part of
them. The French Imperialistic
press bitterly defends the French
position: "We made the greatest
sacrifices: yet they demand from us
the payment of orfr debts and ask
that conquered Germany be granted
a moratorium Into the bargain.
And, although, according to the
Versailles treaty, France is to receive 52 per cent, of the Oerman
cash payments, they only have one
vote of tho four on- the reparations
commission.   The British imperial-
Baku Oil Production Increasing
(By Anise, Federnted Press Corre-'
spondent)
Moscow, July 9.—On his recent
visit to Moacow, in connection with
the conference ot managers of all
the Russian oil-ileMs, Serebrocsky,
manager of tho Azerbaijan district,
which includea the wells of Baku,
gave a report covering- the whole
history of the oil industry in Baku
aince the revolution.
Before the war Baku gave 80
per cent, of tho oil of the whole
empire, reaching in 1916 the yield
of eight and a half million tons.
The consequences of war became
evident by 1917, and economic ruin
started a period of decline which
continued till 1921, when production was only from one-fourth to
one fifth of the normal pre-war
yield. At this time an organizing
commission from the Council of
Labor and Defense was put in
charge, and hae now nearly
doubled last year's amount, bringing the production to about two-
flfths of normal.
"Reocognizing the extreme diffi
culty of our situation, the fuel administration has given us the right
to sell our products direct within
Russia, with only 3d per cfent. taken
off for tho state Income. The organisation for selling oil has been
formed by the fuel administration
on the right basts, having on its
controlling board six representatives from the different oil fields of
Riif-sla and a chairman from the
Fuel Administration. The State
ls the owner of the whole colossal
system, including warehouses,
tanks, pipelines, and receives Its 30
per cent, on that basis. Tho rest
goes back Into the Industry, where
supplies are very much needed,
wells being closed in some cases for
mere want of ropes and leather.
"From our ability to trade and
obtain necessary materials depends
the further expansion of the fields.
If we justify the hopes of the Fuel
Administration, and raise output to
the amount needed for the country,
and for income from abroad, then
the state will not be Interested in
turning this industry over to concessionaires."
"LAID OFF"
Two Slrart Words. Bridging the Gulf Between
COMPORT anil POVERTY
Havo you protected yourself nnd yonr family sffalnit inch sn emergency,
with s HAVINUS ACCOUNT—the moit valuable Auot a nun un hftre far
tho "RAINY DAY."
Wo STUONaiiY RECOMMEND yot te itirt inch an account AT OHO*,
at ono of our City Branches.
HASTINGS and SEYMOOE Oss. I. Banian, Man-jar
Cordova and Abbott Main aad 25th Ava. Main snd Broadway
WHBBE YOU WILL BE0ZI7B PBOMPT AND OODBTEODS ATTENTION
Union Bank of Canada
P.S.—If 70a aro lWiof )n|» community not provided with Banking facilities, nd{ir(-si- us by mail, and .iro will' ba gUd tu guldt yoa in roopeet to
"Banking hy M«ll."
=*=
.Aisk for
BRlfANNIA
BEER
"It Can't Be Beat"
POR SALE AT GOVERNMENT STORES
istlo press answers this moan v*f*
col*-blood»dly: "Gentlemen, if yell
have font bankrupt, bt hind
enough to itate It openly; otherwise
you wll] be obliged to pay your
defits, whether yon receive liny 6tflfi
payment* ttbtn Germany bf fiot"
The English plaii Iii quite simple.
England informs America that she
is quite reedy to pay her debts te
America which,,with unpaid interest, amotlnt to $4,500,000,000, and
only OetbO to have thein replaced
by ft consolidated debt. Ih her policy towards Franco, England wishes
to proceed hand ln hand with
America, fl! France declare herself willing, hot only to grant ft re-
aplto tb Qermany, but also to atrike
out a part of the German indebtedness, theh England will waive1
her claims for Frehch payments.
And then the Americnn bankerij
will grant Germany a loan which
will serve partly to cover oertalfl
German economic needs, and partly
to lighten the French flnnncial situation. Mr. Polncaire, who reproached Briand for his •'softness"
and complaisance, had to acknowledge openly the national bankruptcy, in his senate speech on July
29. "By force of arms," said he,
we can occupy a portion of German
terirtory, and that has £reat educational importance. We could also
get a small amount of goods and
paper marks through this means.
AH this, howevor, would not suffice'
to ill] up the breach in our budget,
In spite of tho enquiries of Senator
Jouvonal, Poincare would not say
what course he would advise. Poin-
care's plans, however, may be easily deduced from tho official Frenoh
press. Above all, he desires that
the reparations commission establish that the insolvency of Gormany
is her own fault, as the German
capitalists have no faith In thetr
own finances and have sunk enormous amounts in foreign currency
in order to evade payment of taxes.
Poincare wishes this decision ^o be
reached, because It will permit him
to take forcible measures against
Germany, at every favorable opportunity, on the grounds of the
Versailles treaty. Secondly, it will
purchase England's renunciation of
the French debt at tho price of a
moratorium only, without a postponement of the German payments.
The British press states that England will by no means renounce the
French debt at this price, as Eng.
land is Interested In the economio
restoration of Germany, not only
as an outlet-markot for British
goods, but also as a co-worker In
Bussian reconstruction.
In this way, the revision of the
economic clauses of the Versailles
treaty Is maturing. It Is question,
able whether it suits the Allies to
permit Germany a breathing spell
before it breaks down completely.
In any case, this question will tn
the near future stand in the background of all the problems vexing
the Allies, including also the Russiun question. This was one of the
causes of the breakdown of the
Hague conference. The revision of
the Versailles treaty is of very great
Importance to Soviet Russia. But
of that wt shall speak another
time.
NEW FALL
MODES
of rare charm and beauty
—reasonably priced.
The work of expert designers in our own factory—copied from fashion
leaders.
Famous Z°VJ£:'
eaa Hastings bt.. m._. orantiiit
Particularly Good Values Ate These
>„.-..,_■ ,., ,   XMsSmgSggBggbmmjgqpmmml       mi ■__■■, t-rrr    iin»__i_>__-,,, __Mt_t-*tui
NEW FALL SUITS
For Women
at $35 and $39,50
Fit a mtttter of choice, for
there a_e virions models
here from which to make satis- •
factory selection.
Suits oi -illVT T-I-Otlno with lon,.
tailored ciMits, lilrtcl- er nnvy.
Suite of Wolil Vvloufc  In  Mude,
navy or lmmn, all silk lined mid
fur trimmed.
Siilts of All-wool Titutd, cinKrfK1-
ing box imd seml-IUted models in
tin, brown, tlufic nuutvo or wiac
blue.
These Suits are silk lined and
interlined, correctly fashioned
in overy detail and iti every
way measure up to our standard of style and value. Two
attractive prices —f86 and
?39.50
—D.j_i1«1»'b Suit Shop, IWrd now
675 Granville Street
Try your neighbor for a _u___rii>.
;lon.
BE SURE YOV OET
VAN BROS.
WHEN YOU ASK TOR
-CIDER-
at— Non-alcoholic vines of all
kinds
UNION MEN'S ATTENTION
COAL
YALE BOOTLESS
AND
NANAIMO
Kindling Freo
.CANADIAN WOOD AND
COAL COMPANY
1440 GRANVILLE Soy. 52(0
Ring np Pinna Seymour 39M
lor appointment
Dr. W.J. Curry
DENTIST
Suite 301 Dominion Building
VANCOUVER, B. C.
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
hm Mfti-i umt
_*i_ay unlaw, U un. set T.M (ML
_____/ ackaal laamatlataly Maawbl
naraloj aervlea. Wedneaday taat-Boalal
meettu   I   p.m.   -—        -■-   —
•OM
ami bum.
Mainland
Cigar Store
SW OARRALL STHEEI
THE PLAOE FOB PIPES
UNION MAN!
In thftt dark hour when iympa-
tby and beet wrvice count m
much—call up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
Mt KINGSWAY, VANCOUVEB
Phone Fairmont 58
Prompt Ambulance Service
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Good Place to Eat"
HASTINGS AND COLUMBIA STS.
Help Uw Fed. by iiolping our
advertiser..
ii an ..I... ii nam a i ii iii»*
The Workers Have
Secured a Large
Convention for
Vancouver
WHEN THE BUSINESS ELEMENTS ARE SUCCESSFUL IN BRINGING A LARGE NUMBER
OP PEOPLE TO THE CITY THEY BOAST OP
THEIR DEEDS.
Why cannot the organized workers
use their purchasing power and by
so doing support their own paper?
VANCOUVER MERCHANTS WANT
YOUR BUSINESS
*
Patronize only those who use the
columns of the Federationist to
advertise their wares.
M*»I-»Hn|W|_|_»_i
, _Jtep_amb.r 10, UM
FOURTEENTH TEAR.    Np.
Give Your Dentist a Chance—
Tin up against a dHftcfllt, expensiv*
task when yon leave the work ten late
Time and time again I have warned people that
needed dental attention is the last thing in the
world you want to "put off." It saves no money.
It only makes the work more complicated and
difficult.
What with my methods of preventing pain—my low,
eaay prise**—the facilities of my offloo for doing work
of the utmost satisfaction.—do you think it's common
sense to delay?    Of course you don't.
u BRITISH COLUMBIA ymMbAWNJSK ^ancouyib, a a
i . ii   ii e-B__waBMia_ww8af-___Bg__i
PACKTHJWJB
Your Case-
win be given lti
special care and
diagnosis. Know
your teeth. I will
tell you what
ahould be done.
Let mc talk to you about
sensible denial work.
Dr. Brett Anderson
EXPRESSION DENTIST
602 Hastings Btreet West
Haul, oc Nova Scotlu Building
Phone Seymoar 3331
Lumber Workers*       N
News and Views
Reeently a marked chance has+achlevementa  tn  science  aiid  In*
Dlt. BRETT ANDERSON, formerly member of tbe Faculty ol the
CollVga of Dontlitry, University of Huuthcru California, Lecturer wt
Orown aad Rtld Rework, Dt-iiionati»tor in 1'Utework And Opeiatirt
Dentistry, Local and Goiwral Anaestbesla.
c
Vancouver Unions
VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR
' Council--Pr-Mldent, B* H* Neelaiidi,
H.L.A,: genoral secreUry, Percy R. Ben-
gonKb. Oflee: 808, M» Ptnder ».--W.
Fbuna Soy. 7195. MeeU ln Ltbor Hall at
• p.a. eo tbo flnt and third Tuesdays
) In month
ALLIED   PRINTING.   TRADES   COUN-
V ell—MeeU second Monday la tba
month.    President,  J.  B.  White;  secre-
,'   tary, jt H. Mselends, P. 0. Box ftg,
BAKERS    SALESMEN,   LOCAL   871—
Meeta  socond Thuraday every   month,
> 819 Fonder St. W. President, J. Bright-
vooll; financial secretary, H. A. Bowron,
2849  Burna St. j__	
JOURNEYMEN   BARBERS'    INTERNA-
I tionnl Union of America—Local 120,
Vancouver, B.C., meeta aecond and fourth
TncKil-tys in each month In Boom 313, 819
Ponder Streot Weat. Pmldent, 0. K.
Herrett, 71 Hastings St E. Secretary,
A. R. .Tnnl, 830 Gamble St Shop phoae,
fiey. 2702. Residence phona, Poap. aiTlK.
' INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OP
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and
Helpers of America, Local 191—Meetings
flrat and third Mondaya- lu etch month.
Provident, P. Willis; iecretary, A. Fraser.
Ofllce: Room 803—£119 Pender St. W.
Office hoen, 9 to 11 S_aa and 3 to 5 p.in
BRICKLAYERS AND MASOHS—If   yon
need bricklayers or masons for boiler
works, eto., or marble getters, shone
Bricklayers'  Union, Labor Temple.
UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CAR-
, penters end Joiners, Lota) 452—Fretl-
lent, Wtn. Dunn; recording secretary,
©eo. Snell; business agent, Oeo. H. Hardy.
Ottce: Room 804, 819 Pendor Ht. W-
Mei-ts second and fourth Mondays, 8 pm.,
Room S, 319 Pender Bt. W.
HOTEL AND URSTABRANT Employees
Union, Local 29—Ul Seymour Street.
MeeU flrst and third Wednesdays at 2.80
p.m. Second and fourth Wednesdays at
8.80 p.m. Executive board meets every
Tuesday at 3 p.m. President W. Colmar.
UiiuinoBs agent. A. Graham.   Phone Soy.
1681. 	
IN TERN ATION Al*     LONOSHORBMKN'8
AsaoeUtUn,    Leeal    9*0*-Oflei aal
fctlL   ISS   Cordore   Bt.  W.    Meeta  Int
treasurer,  T.  Nixon;   business tgent,  P.
Sinclair.
LUMBER WORKERS' fiFDUSTRIAL
UNION OF CANADA—An Indus-
Irial anion of til workors hi l«r
King and construction camps. Coast Dlitrlet and General Headaaartors, 91 Cordova Bt. W., Vancouver, B. C. Phona Btjr.
T866. J. M. Clarke, general st-crotary
treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Macdonald A Co., Vancouver, B. C; auditors. Messrs. Buttar * Ghiena, Vaneoaver, B. 0.
MACHINISTS LOCAL 692—President,
Ed. Dawflon; secretary, B. Hint; bnsi-
bose agent, P. H. Bcngougb- Office: 809,
flI9 Ponder St. W. Meett In Room 8,
819 Pender Bt. W., on second and foarth
Tuesday  in month,
MACHINISTS LOCAL 182—President,
Loo Georgo; secretary, J. 0, Keefe;
bu.i-nrsH agent- P. R* Bengough. Office:
809, 319 Pender St. W. Meeta in Room
818, 319 Pender St. ot, oa flrst and third
Thursdays  in month.	
BROTHERHOOD OP PAINTERS, DECO-
ratora and PaperBangert of America,
Local 188, Vaaeouvor—Meett 2nd aad
4th Thursdaya at 148 Cordova SL W.
Phone Say. 8491. Businaas agent, B. A.
Barkfr.
FEDERATED SEAFARERS ONION OF
B. C.—Formerly Firemen and Oilera'
Union of British Columbia—Meeting
fright, flrst and third Wednesday of eaoh
month at 818 Cordova St W. President,
B. Thom; vice-president, R. Morgan;
tecrotary-trcasorer, W. Donaldson. Address, 108 Main Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Victoria Branoh Agent's address, W.
Francis, 567 Johnson St., Victoria, B. 0.
INTERNATIONAL UNION STEAM AND
Operating Engineers, Local 844, meets
•very Thursday at 8 p.m.. Room 807
Ltbor Temple. Secretary-Treasurer, N.
Qreen, 953 Hornby St. Phon* Sey. 7048R.
Recording Secretary, W. Chandler, 1681
Fell Ave., North Vaneoaver.
BTREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY
Employoes, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meets K. P. Hall, 8th and KingBway,
1st and Srd Mondaya at 10:18 a.ni. and 7
p.m. President, F. A. Hoover, 2400 Clarke
Drive; recording-i«r_tary, F. E. Griffin,
447—6th Avenun East; troasnri-r. 4. F.
Andrew; Inancial-seeretarr and buil*
noss agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4308 Dnm-
fries Street; office, corner Prior a et* Main
Sts.    Phone Fair. B8Q4R.     *»
JOURNEYMEN I'ilLORS* UNION OV
America, Loeal No. 171—Mm tings held
flrst Monday in etch month, 8 p.m. President, A. R. Ottenby; visa-president, Mrs.
Dolk; recording secretary, C. McDonald,
P. 0. Boi 503;    flntneltl   iecretary, P.
McNelsh, P,_0. Boa 808. 	
THE   NEW   WESTMINSTER   BRANCH
of  the  0.   B.  U.  meeU ea tho  third
Wednesday of every month.    Everybody
Welcome.
Building Permit!
Sept 11—2618-32-48, A. V. Gardiner, three dwellings, eaeh $2508;
Qranvllle Ialand, R. McPherson Ltd.
warehouse, $6000; 2601 McGill, E.
S. Rose, dwelling, $2000;.
Sopt. 12—2988 Fourth Ave West,
Sam Dumalsq, Btore and dwelling,
$6000; 2050 Vine, E. W. Falls, apartments, $7000; 742 Broadway E.,
J. Egan, apts. alteration, $2500;
915—14th Ave. W., James E. Car-
nahan, dwelling, $4760.
Sept. 18—551—18th Ave, B., A.
E. Campbell, dwelling, $2500; 2505
Cornwall, H. Gostick, dwelling,
$6000; 2360—4th Ave. E., T. El-
lingson,  dwelling,  $8000.
Sept. 14—465—13th Ave. W., A.
C. S. Layley, dwelling, $3500; 101
HaBtings E., Cameron Const. Co., alterations, $1500.
Ton may wish to help Tlie Fed*
eratlontet Tou can do so by renewing your subscription promptly and
sending In tlie subscription of your
friend or neighbor.
SOCIETY FOR TECHNICAL AID TO
Soviet Hi-Mill, Vancouver branch, meets
firBt and third Sundays etch month, 2
p-m., at 61 Cordova St. W. For Information write to branch secretary, S.T.A.S.R.,
61 Cordovt St. W., Vancouver, B. C.
Pn l rr>nI?o   Frd   Advertiser*
To most people, the connecting or
disconnecting of a telephone seems a
simple operation *.f installing or removing the Instrument- As a natter
of fact, In every case lt necessitate!
changes ia the cables and wires overhead or underground. It also aecesxi-
tates changes In central office .fires
and switch board connections; In subscribers' accounts and directory list-
in its; and frequently requires new
"drop" lines from open wires or
cables. The problems of station move*
ment are among tho large problems of
telephone bervice. Because of the
double operation of disconnecting and
reconnecting, the work Invoked Js
often twico as great tt in the case
of new  subscribers.
B. O. TELEPHONE COHPAlW
Hand your neighbor this copy ui
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription
SLATER'S
Week-End Specials
FREE DELIVERY
Hastings Street Eaet, Vanconver
Ha'phta, Colllngwood, Klugmvay,
Victoria Drive, Ifaucr Avenue,
Main Street Soutli, Gra'mh law,
Ka ir view. Point Groj, West Avenues, West Granville and aU districts adjoining.
FRESH MEAT
Frqsh Pork now In season.
Buy one of Slater's Famoua Pork
Shoulders. They only weigh from
4 to 8 lbs. and ore all government inspected and are Finest
Grain Fed Pork. Regular 23VjC.
Friday and Saturday   _ff\ 1 -,
special, ft  fivJC
Come along on Friday or Saturday morning and pick a nice one
Choice Pot Roasts,
from, per lb	
10c
Choice   Oven   Roasts,   from
Z • 12k
VEAL
Choice Legs of Veal, lb 2«V/ao
Choice Meaty Cuts of Veal,
from, per ft. „ 18c
Choice Roasts of Veal, per
ft -. 35
Choice Veal Stew, Ib 16c
LAMB
Choice Legs oC Prime Lamb,
per ft SBo
Prime Lamb Loins, ft 82c
Choico Meaty Cuts of Lamb, per
ft. 26c
Choice Lamb Stew, 2 lbs 25c
PROVISIONS
JUTTER, BUTTER, BUTTER
Fino Alberta Creamery But-
s:!> $1.15
Slater's Famous Boneless Roll
Bacon, weghing from 4 to 8
fts.; reg, 86c lb. Friday and
Saturday,
per tb	
Finest Alberta Creamery Butter,
3 fts.
for.	
29k
iery Butter,
$1.25
Slater's Famous Picnic Hams
% 23k
Slater's Peameal fiack Bacon; reff. 40c OCA**
lb.   Special, ft. 002 C
occurred In the "Paelfle Coast
Lumberman," offlciai mouthpiece
of the "Tyee loggers" on tha coast.
Formerly this magaslne only contained news and views of the lumber trade, but lately lt baa degenerated into a propaganda sheet
full of tha misconceptions which
the lumber barons are so anxious
to implant m the minds of those
who toll ln the, lumber camps on
this coast. It ls very evident that
this magazine is now being printed,
for "bunkhouse. consumption," and.
one cannot help but think on the
peculiar irony of capitalist government under which the worker
spends his lifo In toll, producing
wealth part of which his master,
uses to further enslave his mind,,
and thua keep him contented with
his miserable lot.
Among-other puerile "bunk" contained in this magazine we flnd an
article under the heading, "Educating Loggers," in which Is point'
ed out reasons why young men
should learn to become loggers, instead of real estate, life insurance,
or tea salesmen. < It is also pointed
out to men who are going Into the
woods for the first timo that they
should not quit before they becomo used to the hard work. , The
parasite who wrote this particular
article'states In part: "Thay (the
inexperienced would-be logger)
fail to realize that lf they stayed
on the job their muscles would
soon become accustomed to the
strain, and the stiffness disappear."
It is a safe bet that the "pea pusher" who wrote the above-words
never himself knew what It was
to have his muscles (if he has any)
stiffened by eight hard hours' work
fn the woods. If he had he would
probably know that while the stiffness would to a certain extent disappear, yet the work would remain as hard as ever, and that
a time would come when he would
have to pay for his over-exertion.
If there are men who would rather
sell life insurance or tea than set
chokers or fall timber, it Is to their
credit that they have brains enough
to realize that white the remuneration may be smaller, yet they
are better off than they would be
were they grinding out their lives
on the business end of a cross cut
saw, and feeding their intellectual
appetites on such swill as appears
in the "Pacific Coast Lumberman,"
as for Instance when it states that
a life in the woods is a more
"steadily remunerative" one than
the precarious life maintained in
the city.
"Steadily remunerative," let us
see. During the early part of this
yea* the average wage in the woods
was about $3.50 per day; some jobs
were higher, a large number were
lower than that flgure; board from
$1.35 to {1.50 per day; $1.00 per
week for blankets In camps that
furnished them; another $1.00 per
month for hospital, illegally mulcted by some camps under pain of
dismissal if they refused to pay It;
about two pair of gloves per month
at |4.00 per pair; one pair of over-
L alls at $3.00 per pair, shoes, underwear, etc., about $6.00 per month,
making a total of at least $13.00
per month for clothes; ten or
twelve "bucks" for a one-way starvation faro to camp on the old
"Cnssiar"; bunkhouse full of bugs;
probably rotten grub, or a foreman or hook-tender, that Job with
his renowned patience could not
get nlong with; the gall of enduring these hardships for tho munificent sum of $8.50 per day, less deductions, and we And the logger
again digging up ten or twelve dollars to tho Union Steamship Co.
for fare, nnd he is back in town
:u.:iin ready to hire out and repeat
the performance. When the winter comes, tho logger is so worn
out with hard work that he has to
"lay ofl" for a few months in order
to recuperate his run down energy.
If he kicks against this treatment
he is branded as an agitator (glorious name), his name is placed on
the "honor roll," better known aa
the black list kept ln the illegal
employment offlce owned by the
"Tyee loggers," which "Honest"
John's Liberal governmont allows
to operate, and ho is refused the
great privilege of working any more
under such conditions, but must of
necessity seek pastures new. Yes,
the "remuneration" should be
steady on work of that nature, but
it Isn't. That Is life in the twentieth   century,   with  all   its   great
I
»<<i 1 1 1 11.111 1 ill 1 IIII.JLU.-,1.*.',I. l.lt».l!■ 1 ' IIH'.'
Djring kt (kr Country? f
Dyiag for Profiteers
Gallon glass Jar -of brown and
white vinegar, each .B69
FLOUR SPECIAL
Ogilvlo's Royal Household
Flour, the finest bread flour
in Canada; reg. $2.25 for 40
fts. Friday and Saturday,
49-lb. sacks
for	
$1.95
At Slater's Stores
WITH FREE DELIVERY
Mnil Oiden Gl»en Special At-
lYcsh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
48 Hastings St IS. 2—STORES— 2 005 GranvUle St.
Soy. 988-672 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS"       Soy. 9513-13*1
vention, in tbe most modern lumber camps In Canada* thane on the
Pacific Coast; and yet w% find thla
degenerated journal, whloh true to
the petit bourgeoia ideology of its
owners tries to hearken back to
the "good old days,,"' howling abont
the fact that they can not secure
sufflclent new recruits, to man the
camps, and keep. British Columbia's
great basic industry in operation.
"Were the lumber barons to try
the experiment of improving the
living conditions of the men. who
lives are spent in Incessant toil,
whose sweat and blood is dally
being distilled into a golden stream
of profits flowing into the coffers
of tho lumber kings of this country, instead of writing "slop" in a
magazine, or sending a "sky pilot"
around to save the loggers' soul,
then perhaps they might bo able
to flnd a few more men willing to
work in their camps; but this we
know they will not do. They would
not if they could, and could not if
they would. Their insatiable greed
for profits, and the very competitive nature of capitalist society
prevents their committing any-
such philanthropic act.
So when we get down to the
basis of the question, we flnd that
the only* thing the logger will get
is what he has the will and organized strength to take. Nothing
.will be handed to hint, and It is
well that it shouldn't, because the
|i man who- lacks the courage to flght
for the right to live as a man
should live, deserves nothing. The
lumber workers of Canada have
the latent strength to compel their
employera to improve the camps,
to compel them to raise the wages,
the machinery of organization exists at tho headquarters _of the
Lumber Workers' Union, 61 Cor-
dove street west; and can
In motion any time they desire to
do battle on their own behalf.
The best opportunity we have
had for two years to take'what we
want exists at the present moment.
The lumber market ls good, the
demand for lumber is the best in
years, every indication points to
the fact that the market will hold
good all winter and probably most
of next year. The iron is hot. now
Is the time to strike. When we
seo how the workers in the United
States have fought and are winning the most bitter struggle they
have had for years, when we see
the Jiuge labor union movements
in the European countries, we can
not but think that it is about time
for all camp workers to stop babf
ling phrases about pure unionism,
which means nothing, and show
some action In order that they may
take their rightful place among the
best fighters In the country, in the
goneral labor movement, and In the
class war. It is only a proof ot
blatant Ignorance to bleat revoj-
lutlonary phrases, and not participate in the activo struggle,
-jlt"|l'»A«iJ»'l'l !"*■'»
ANATOLB, Franc*, wrlftM to thefia tragic.   They thought they were
(•-im ______ it la*      _l__lfw        1fM_n___---__   I   Avians-  fnt*  thfili-  fr.nnl.w_>'   thev  worn
communist daily, Xtvunite,
'concerning a new book that le making a sensation in France, "Blast
;Furnac0s," by Michel Corday. In
the course ot hia. letter, tike eminent writer says: "Wte think wo
are dying fop our country when
r.eally we are dying for the manufacturers." The letter in part follows: .
, "I beg you to call the attention
of your readers of the new book-
by Michol Corday, 'Blast Furnaces,1
which they ought all to. read;
"They will find in it notions
about the causes and conduct of
the war which you will share, but
which ave too little familiar to
Frenchmen as yet; they will see
particularly (a thing we aU suspected more or less) thatnhe World
war was essentially the work of
the men ot money;- that it waa the
great industrials of tha different
European countries, who first of
all wanted lt, made it necessary,
started it, prolonged It. They
made it theirs, put their money
into it, drew immense profits, from
lt and played lt with sucb ardor
that they ruined Europe, ruined
themselves and disrupted the
world.
"Hear what Corday says with
all the force of hia conviction and
all the power of hia talent:
" 'Those men resemble their
blast furnaces, feudal towers raised
all along the frontiers which must,
day and night, be filled with ore
and coal so that the flow of metal
may stream out ceaselessly from
below. They too have Insatiable
appetites which demand to be fed
in peace and war with all the
riches of the soil and alt the fruits
bf labor, and which require that
men, yes, even men, by troops and
armies, be thrown pell-mell into
the yawning furnace, so that Ingots, more and more ingots, may
be laid nt their feet. Yes, that is
their emblem, their true coat of
arms. They are the real blast
furnaces!'
"Yes, those who died ln the war
did not know why they died. It
is tho same in all wars. But not
in the same degree. Those who
fell at Jemmapes were not so far
deceived about the cause for whtch
they gave their lives. But this
time, the Ignorance of the victims
Slavery To Date
BIG QUESTION
IS
Genoa and Hague Conferences Split on This
Rock
Russia Talking Business,
WUl Not Give Natural Resources
[By Anise]
(Federated Presa Correspondent)
Moscow-—The big fight botween
Russia and tbe rest of the world in
conference after conference, at
Genoa, nnd then at the Hague, Is
over the question of private property belonging to foreigners In
Russia and damaged by the revolution. Russia has declared hor willingness to compensate for this property, if she is first givon a loan by
the Allies. Tho Allies, however,
demand that she shall restore the
property to tho former owuers.
Thoro are two chief reasons why
Russia will not restore the pro*
perty. First, she will not give ovei
control of her natural resourcus;
and, second, she will not give utterly extravagant rights to foreigners for a song,
Tho whole thing, according to
Editor Radek of the Pravda, ls a
stock exchange play. Standard Oil
ond Fronch banks have bought
millions of dollars worth of Russian securitios at almost nothing
from their former Russian owners,
long after the properties were nationalized and henco worthless to
private owners. They have carried
on war after war against Russia"
in order to mako theso propcrti^sjlf
worth something to them.
If Russia agrees to restore thf
properties, Standard Oil stock will
go up onormously.   If, however, shrj
only agrees to compensate foreign
ers for actual losses which they can"f
prove, then tho present owners can
not  prove    any    losses,  for they
CLAVEHY    Is always Improving
*J Itself as a system.
It begins by working Its slaves
to premature death.
Then It finds out that badly-
treated slavea do not (except whon
they are so plentiful that they can
be replaced vory cheaply) produce
so much booty for thetr masters
as welMreated ones. Accordingly, much humanitarian progress ls
effected.
Later, when modern Industrial
methods of exploitation are discovered and developed competive-
ly it is found that continuous employment under the same mastor
cannot be'provided for the slavo.
When this point Is reached the
master wants to be free to got
rid of the slave whon he has no
work for him to do, and to pick
him up again when trade revives,
besides having no responsibility,, .. ,. , _ , , . _, .
for him when he Is old and not|^ou^,j!)f,„! knowingly aftor^J
worth employing.    Immediately " "*""' "
:m
dying for their country; they were
(tytsng for tike manufacturers.
"These masters of tbe hour had
the three things needed In great
modem undertakings: factories,
banks, newspapers. Michel Corday
shews us how they used these
three machines to smash the world.
He gave me particularly the explanation ot a phenomenon whioh
had excessive Intensity, and of
which history affords no otber example: how the hatred of a people,
a whole people, spread in France
with unprecedented violence and
out of all proportion with hatreds
aroused In this same country by
wars of the revolution and the em
pire. I do not refer to the wars
of the old regime, which aroused
no hatred at all among the French
against enemy peoples. This time
we were filled with a hatred that
was not quenched wltb the com
Ing of peace, which made us forget our own Interests and lose all
sense of realities, and without our
•ven feeling the passion that filled
us, unless occasionally to maka
us think it was too weak.
"Corday Bhows clearly that this
hatred was forged by the great
newspapers which even today are
responsible for a atate of mind
that is leading France with all Hu
rope to total ruin. 'Tho spirit of
vengeance and hatred,' Corday
writes, 'Is nourished by the newspapers. And in its ferocious orthodoxy It does not even tolerate luke
warmness. Anything short of lt
Is weakness or even felony. Not
to serve it Ib to betray tt.' "—Truth.
Horrors of the "Next Wai*
A representative of the Paris Excelsior interviewed Mr. Thomaa A,
Edison recently about war inventions. The interviewer suggested
that with tha reported perfection
of Lewisite—the * most deadly poison gas ever prepared—every man,
woman and child in London might
be asphyxiated by gas within 12
hours. "That Is not exact," commented Mr. Edison with a quiet
smile, "The thing could be done
In tha apace of three hours."
Charlestown, W. Va.—After considerable delay, owing to the inability of many witnesses to pay their
travelling expenses to court, the
trial of Walter Allen, charged with
treason In connection wtth the
West Virginia mine war of August,
1921, has begun. The trial Is expected to consume several weeks.
The Communist Party will
Meet on Anniversary
of Revolution
(By the Federated Press)
Moscow—The fourth congress of
the Communist International will
tako place in Moscow Nov. 7, the
flfth anniversary of the Russian revolution. If every country that
haa a Communist Party should
send delegates, the countries represented would be 5R. The preliminary order of business includes a
Teport of the executive committee;
tactics of the Communist International; programme of the Communist International and thoae of its
most important soctions (Italian,
Oerman, French, Czochoslovaki.in.
Japanese, American, Norwegian and
Bulgarian parties); agrarian questions; trade union problems; educational work; the Youth International; Oriental mattors.
Orpheum Circuit Celebrates Thb*
of n Century Anniversary
The Orpheum circuit of theatres
whose ramifications and affllia-
tions spread over fifteen States and
tbe wostorn part of Canada, Is
about to celebrate the annlveteary
of a third of a century of unparalleled progress and achievement
The anniversary date falls on the
week commencing Sunday, October
22, and during that seven days,
Orpheum theatres, north and south,
The Imperial Range at
$55.00
h the Best
Investment an
Economical
Housekeeper
Can Make
—you ean hav* a hot
oven with it ia a vety
few minutes—it will
heat your hot water
boiler ia almost no
time. It's economical
on fuel, and. burns
wood, coil or anything.
It Is Only Possible fer Us
to Sell It at this Price
.-because they are made eipramlr for tha Hodwm'« Bay Company, and our quantity Iniylni brlnss them ta ua at _ grut
reduction (rom the regular selling prlc*. It li • range value
that hu ns equal in Canada. Aa Illustrated—* rue of excellent appearance, good weight* and An* finish. Bag aix cooking
holes, polished steel panelled top, aim >_xll; daf-aa grates,
pouch feed to firebox; white enamel oven doer with ther-
mometer, and _9%xl6*4xl2%-lnch oven. Tha rang, la fully
trimmed, hat High warming closet, and stands en a' heavy
nickel baas. It's a splendid baker, and In tha regular selling
way would cost at least »25.00 mora than we ara asking for It,
and it's oaly because of the large number w* bought that w*
can aell at this matchless —__ fat\
low price -  »55.0U
Let us show you.
-Lower Main Floor,
Hudson's Bay Company
east and west, will he resplendent
In bunting, gay flags, and beyond
question crowded with patrons, vie-
Ing with each other in doing honor
to the men who brought thts tremendous influence for joy and recreation to the people of this city.
Tha Orpheum circuit la more
than a name and a passing fancy
to thousands and tons of thousand*
take a personal prido ln its »chleve-
ments, In Its growth, In tilt faet
thai Its standard of artistic per**
formancea, as well as Its refinements on the stage and In tho
wholo atmosphoro ot ita theatres
are tho envtad quallies toward
which all rivals vainly straggle.
-ORPHEUM-
COMMENCING   MONDAY.   SEPT   II
HABBT WATSON, JR.
BABCOCK aad DOLLT
VINCENT and O'DONNEU-
COUINHE and BIMBEIt
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Night), 25C-S1 Mats.. He--00
Twtca Daily. 2:30 and 8:20
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-HAULING—
inert -MAItfNi: imiVR EAST Phone Fraser IM Lfl
fervent enthusiasm for liberty
pervades the capitalist state; andl
aftor an agitation consecrnted by
the strains of loftiest poetry and
tho most splendid eloquence of
rhetoric, tho slave Is set free to
hire himself out to anyone that,
wants him; to die in the workhouse; and to be told lt ls his own
fault
When lt ls presently discovered
that this triumph of progress has
beeu, ln fact, a retrogression, the
Progressive reformers are again
sot to work to mitigate its worst
effects by Factory Acts, Old Age
Pensions, Insurance Against Unemployment, Wages Boards, Whitley Councils, and what not, all
producing the Impression that "we
live In a progressive ago."
But this progress Is only allowed
whilst tho workers are gaining efficiency as slaves, and their masters consequently gaining ln
riches as exploiters.—Bernard
Shaw, ln tho English Labor
Monthly.
the revolution.
Russia ls talking business right'.]
ilong with pooplo whose property*]
was nationalized, and she is willing to give thom a chance to make
money again in Russia, and even
get back whnt they lost. But nl
will not give control over her nai
ral resources; that ts one rock en
which she stands Arm. And she
will not recognize any inherent
right to demand back property that
has boen destroyed by the revolution and' war. She deals with the
future, noV^vlth the past.
Cincinnati.—Tho annual conven
tlon of the Stcrootyperg and EleC'
trotypers union held hore indorsed
the 44-hcur week. Closer affllia'
Hon, but not amalgamation, with
tho printing trades unions, was zA
vocaied. A national 'J.-rot<<_e fund
of not loss than $75,00.1 or more
than $150,000 was advocated, with
a lockout benefit of $15 a week and
i $8  for apprentices.
Patronize Fed. advertisers
Holders of Five
5i per cent Canada's
Victory Bonds
Issued in 1917 and Maturing 1st December, 1922.
CONVERSION   PROPOSALS
THE MINISTER OF FINANCE offers to holden
of these bonds who desire to continue their
investment in Dominion of Canada securities the
privilege of exchanging the maturing bonds for new
bonds bearing 5) per cent interest, payable half yearly,
of either of the following classes:—
(a) Five year bonds, dated 1st November,
1921, to mature 1st November, 1927.
(b) Ten year bonds, dated 1st November,
1922, to mature 1st November, 1932.
While the maturing bonds will carry interest to 1st
December, 1922, the new bonds will commence to earn
interest from 1st November, 1922, GIVING A BONUS
OF A FULL MONTH'S INTEREST TO THOSE
AVAILING THEMSELVES OF THE CONVERSION
PRIVILEGE.
This offer is made to holders of the maturing bonds
and is not open to other investors. The bonds to be
issued under this proposal will be substantially of the
same character as those which are maturing, except
that the exemption from taxation does not apply to tht
new issue.
Holders of the maturing bonds who with to avail
themselves of this conversion privilege should take
their bonds AS EARLY AS POSSIBLE, BUT NOT
LATER THAN SEPTEMBER 30th, to a Branch of
any Chartered Bank in Canada and receive In exchange
an official receipt for the bonds surrendered, containing
an undertaking to deliver the corresponding bondi of
the new issue.
Holders of maturing fully registered bonds, interest
payable by cheque from Ottawa, will receive their
December 1 interest cheque as usual. Holders of
coupon bonds will detach and retain the last unmatured
coupon beforc surrendering the bond itself fur conversion
purposes.
The surrendered bonds will be forwarded by banks
to thc Minister of Finance at Ottawa, where they will
be exchanged for bonds of the new issue, in fully
registered, or coupon registered or coupon bearer form
carrying interest payable 1st May and 1st November
of each year of the duration ofthe loan, the first interest
payment accruing and payable 1st May, 1923. Bonds
of the new issue will be sent to the bank* for
delivery immediately after the receipt ofthe surrendered
bonds.
The bonds of the maturing issue which are not
converted under this proposal will be paid off in cash on
the 1st December, 1922.
w. s.
FIELDING,   .
Minister of Finance.
Dated at Ottawa, 8th August, 1922.
l_ll_ir?t_i__iBUafr-_lBfa__I-_^ PAGE FOUR
FOURTEENTH YEAR.    No.
82 BRITISH COLUMBIA "FEDERATIONIST  yancouvub.
_a
FRIDAY September IB, 1922
three bully 'buys'
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*S-49HastinysE.
4549HastingsL
G. N. Forms a
u .        Company Union
(Continued  from  page  1)
by the railroad that arrangements would be made for a convention and that men attending
us delegates would not lose working time by doing so. A primary nominating ballot for delegates took place on the 17th followed by an election on the
21st. Each ahop was allowed
■delegates according to the number employed, showing recognition by   management   that the
shop and not the craft Is the
natural basis of organization.
Local lahor officials are wondering what the name of the new organization will be, In view of the
fact that even the Chinese will
have none of It. It has been suggested that it be called the United
Brotherhood of White Rats and
Yellow Whitemen. But this suggestion has been looked upon with
disfavor by the local Chinese colony os the residents of that district do not wish in any way to be
associated with men, who would
Join a company union, and they
have suggested that the union be
called "The United Drotherhood of
White Rats and Str'Kebreakers."
IS NOT BEING
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 years
been British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has been spared to
ensure purity. It. has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
Cascade
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
SEE US
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
prices.
Cowan & Brookhouse
PRINTERS, PUBLISHERS, STEREOTYPERS
AND BOOKBINDERS
Phones:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
1129 HOWE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.
Tie-up of Railroads Results in Danger to
Public
Rolling Stock Is In Bad
Repair and Dangerous to Operate
(By The  Federated Press)
Washington.—Wm. H. Johnston,
president, International Assn. o"
Maohiniata, in comment upon the
report \>y tlio Interstate commerce
commission that the federal Inspection taw ia not being obeyed
in tho railroad sl-opa, due to the
effectiveness of the atrike, pointed
out thai the repurt shows half o£
the locomotives' Inspected to be defective, whilo ao.ooo of te 70,000
locomotives owned by the railroad
companies huvo not heen inspected
at all since tho stiilie began July 1.
There Js danger to tho Uvea of
nil trnin service men and to the
lives of nil pei sons travelling on
railways, from* the fact timt the
Inspection sorvice has utterly
broken down. Yet the government,
ready to pour out millions for injunction-], prosecution of strikers
nnd for employment or deputy
marshals, hus fulled to appropriate
moro than $2110,000 for the inspection nf locomotives on 265,000
milea of line.
"There are today 300 men on the
eligible list who could be employed
at once as federal Inspectors <>f
locomotlvoa, If congress would
adopt a resolution appropriating
for their pay and authorizing their
appointment," .Johnston said.
"E-Vo'ry hour of delay on the part
of coiijjreas In giving to the public tbis additional force of inspectors is endangering human life as
well as property. The cost Is but
trifling."
It appears thnt the original report drawn up for approval by
tho Interstate commerce commission waB so startling in its disclosures of tbe menace to life and
to goods in transit, from defective
motive power, that the commission.
In a hot argument, voted to tone
It down. Tho final report admits,
however, that the 50 federal Inspectors, in tho first month of
tho strike, visited only 717 of the
4,000 plnces where locomotives are
housed or repaired. They personally looked nt 4,085 of tho 70.000
locomotives, and found about half
of them tn be In bud shape.
"Thc public should remember,"
said Johnston, "that all work In
the railroad shops during this
strike has been on what la known
as 'running repairs,' or temporary
adjustments, and none of lt on
general repairs, which sooner or
later must bo made on every engine. Their strike breakers cannot make thoso general  repairs."
OF
Would Have Only One
Union for Each
Industry
Workers Recognize Craft
Unions Keep Workers Divided
(By the Federated Press)
Omaha—Except for one dissenting vote the Nebraska State Federation of Labor In convention here,
unanimously adopted a resolution
demanding that craft Onions be
amalgamated into Industrial unions,
one for each Industry. The Nebraska resolution follows substantially the one adopted by the Minnesota and Wisconsin state federations at their conventions.
It reads: "Whereas, the employers are solidly united in an effort
to crush all Labor unions In America, as shown by their present
attempt to break up the organizations of the workers in the railroad
shop crafts and by their successful
destruction of the packing house
workers' unions; and:
"Whereas, the present orgatalza-
tlons of the workers on a craft basis
tends to keep the forces of Labor
divided so that we cannot exert our
full power ln defonse of our rights
and
"Whereas, the employers are
supported by the full power of the
government, Including the courts,
Injunction judges and troops ln
their efforts to impose a slavery
standard of living upon the Ameri'
can workers;
"Therefore, be It resolved, that
the Nebraska State Federation of
Labor in convention assembled,
hereby urge the American Federation of Labor and the various International unions to call. all the
unions In each Industry Into con'
ference for the purpose of devising
ways and means of so amalgamating the unions that there will remain but one union for. each industry."
B
Tho greatest assistance that the
readers of The Federationist can
render im at this time, ig by scour-
lug a new sunscrlbcr. , By doing bo,
you eprcoft the news of lho work-
Q  Ing class movoment nnd assist us
Miners' Champion Says:
"Tell the Boys I Am
Past the Geese"
Washington.—"Just tell my boys
that I'm past tho geese.1'
This is-the word that Mother
Jones, 92, who.suffered a nervous
breakdown following an attack of
pneumonia, passed to the coal
miners of tho nation—her "child
ren"—to express .the fact that she
is out of danger.
Physicians at first thought her
Illness might prove fatal, because
of her extreme age.
All news of the coal strike settlement and of developments ln the
rail strike have been kept from
Mother Jones by her doctor's orders. The aged unofficial leader of
the miners was stricken with pneumonia following her arrival here
late in July. Rhe came to Wash
ington to recover from a nervous
breakdown following work in the
Colorado mine fields.
"Mother" Jones has figured In
the labor movement ttv almost half
a century. Once a school teacher
in Chicago, she became interested
In welfare work for girls and from
that broadened her activities" until
she was nationally known as a
champion of labor. She was called
the "angel of the mining enmps"
becauae of her frequent ministrations to minors, ..particularly during strikes.
SEEKS AUSTRALIAN KEY
INDUSTRIES
11
Pastoral   Workers   and
Miners Face Wage
Cuts
Bitter Fight Is Expected
-Workers Will
Resist
By W.  Francis Ahern
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
Sydney, N. s. W.—Key Industries
In Australia are experiencing a
savage drive for a wage cut.
In the pastoral industry wagea
hav? been reduced to the level of
the 1917 wages and 40,000 pastoral
workers have refused to work at
the lower rates laid down by the
employers.
A bitter flght Is expected as the
pastoral workers are militants and
not likely to tolerate the introduction of non-union labor. They are
members af the Australian Workers' Union—the largest union in
Australia—which has recently
merged into the One Big Union.
There has been a complete shutdown ln the steel industry because
of a wage cut of 25 per cent. Many
other manufacturing Industries
have beon forced to close owing to
the shortage of raw materials.
In the coal mining Industry the
operators are demanding a 33 per
cent, cut in wages, longer hourB
and a breaking down of the present working conditions. The men
have refused the operators to take
the initiative of declaring a lockout. A nationwide stoppage ls
pending.
In most of the secondary industries unemployment Is growing
wholesale. The opening of trade
with Oermany is likely to make the
position more critical for the
workers.
The economic crash that hit the
old world in 1920-21, and America
in mid-1921 is now in full swing in
Australia.
According to an official statement Issued by the New Zealand
Labor Party, wages in that country
are new actually 20 per cent, below 1914 rates, measured in purchasing power.
In. the case of skilled workers
the present day wage ls 47 per
cent aboye the wage of 1914,
wheresa the cost of living today is
87 per cent, higher-than In the
flrst year of the war.
In the case of semi-skilled labor,
the wage increase since 1914 is 48
per cent., as against a cost of
living increase of 67 per cent. In
the. case of unskilled labor the
wage Increase is 58 % per cent, as
against a cost of living increase of
67 per cent
; In the skilled trades the present
day normal wage of 63 cents per
hour, after making allowance for
the increase .in the cost of living
ls only equal to an effective wage
of 26 cents in 1901—22 years ago
—whereas In 1900 the ruling wage
for skilled labor was 30 cents per
hour.
Trade union officials ln New Zealand are of the opinion that there
Bhould be an immediate increase
of |1.25 per week in nil wages,
and no further reduction in wages
until prices fall to an average of
only 60 per cent, above 1914 prices,
and then only a reduction of 72
cents per week ln the wage rate.
A new wage-price index number
should then be struck nnd for
every rise or fall In the Index number wages mould be automatically
adjusted. Thld, it is claimed by the
unions, would secure to the workers the 1914 standard of comfort
an opon the way for eventually securing a wago sufficient to maintain "a fair living standard."
The Attempt to Create
Race Riots Have
Failed
(Uy Thc Federated  Press)
Chicago.—The Chicago Tribune
quietly ate dirt again whon on an
Inside page It took back a glaring
incitement to race, riot which it
had displayed with a flve-cdliimn
lino on page one the day. boforo.   •
Tuesday, Sept. 5, the' following
paragraph wns given principal pos-i
ttioti on page one of the Tribune}
"With guns and.clu.ba more than
a hundred Lhicohj.par^poUc^ment
yesterday afternoon charged A; mob;
of thousands to bring a colored
prisoner safely to a cell after he
had insulted a whito girl 'and
fought desperately with a policeman when arrested."
Wednesdny, Sept. 6, the fo lowing paragraph was buried under
unrelated headline on page 11 of
the Tribune:
"Tho near Hot In Lincoln jnrk
Monday afternoon, yesterday': re-
aulted in flnea of $100 eartfjfor
John nnd David Benjamin, brothers
and whito, and dismissal of charges
of disorderly conduct against Alec
Green, colored, principals In the
fight which started tho battle."
Vou may wish to help Tlie Federatlonist. You van do so by renewing yonr subscription promptly and
(■ending in (lie subscription of your
friend or neighbor.
WHEN Itf TOWN MOT AT
The Oliver Rooms
_8K COKDOVA EABT
Everything Modern
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SEE
BRUCE'S
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SUITS
, The prices are right
and the values good.
$25 $27.65
$34.50 $39.50
SHIRTS
Hundreds to choose
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of tasteful designs.
$1.95
CD. Bruce
LIMITED
Corner Homer and
Hastings Street
Long Wearing Footwear
at Attractive Prices
NO MATTER HOW LOW. A SHOE MAY BE PRICED, IF.THE WEAR IS NOT
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All solid leather Men's Shoes for dress.
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Children's Shoes for real hard wear;
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counter box toes and insoles. Lines that
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Sizes 11 to 13, at $5.00
Sizes l.to i'A, at $5.50
Sizes 5 to 5'/4, at $6.50
PIERRE PARIS, 51 Hastings West
Street Car Men Strike
Against Reduction
in Wages
Worcester, Mass.—The union
charter of street car men employed on the Boston & Worcester street
railway was revoked by order of
President William D. Mahon, Amalgamated AsBn. of Street and Electric Railway Employees, when several hundred conductors, motor-
men and trackmen went on strike
without sanction. The strike was
called In protest against a 4 per
cent, wage cut, following a conference in which the road officials refused to maintain the old rate until
the matter could be arbitrated. The
line connects about-a dozen small
towns between Boston and Worcester and seriously affects a large
population.
Although the loss of thetr charter means the possible forfeiting of
strike benefits, old age pensions and
other union benefits, the strikers
voted to remain out until the road
yields:
Cincinnati—Reports Issued by the
Association of Boot and Shoe Manufacturers of this city to the effect
that strikers are going back to work
at the wage scale offered by the
shops are branded as false,
At the Empress
"Up In Mabel's Room,',' the
famous Broadway comedy success,
by Wilson Colllson and' Bertram
Harrison; presented by A, H,
Woods, and one of the biggest
laugh hits that Broadway haB had
in seasons. The play in which
John  Cumberland  starred.
A continuous avalanche of
wholesome, Irresistible fun; constructed from an Ingenious starting point; developed Into sidesplitting situations and told with
dialogue that can't be beaten.
The play ln which the harmless
present that Oarry made to Mabel,
before his marriage; the refusal of
Mabel to return it when he asks
for it; ahd the Jealousy of Garry's
wife; are the primae facia start of
the story. At the Empress Theatre all next week, with Monday
night as Bargain Night, all seats
60c,
BEY. 2492
WEEK OF SEPT 18
EMPRESS
M; ZZ_
^j*      The rery. very funny
__ comedy,
|f "Up In Mabel's
5      Room"
9   By Wilson   Colllson  and
O Otto Harbach   -
™ lou'll laugh till you cry.
nibbing, Minn.—In hin address
at. the Labor day celebration here,
Thomas Van Lear, former mayor
of Minneapolis, declared that the
railroad workers should resist all
attempts at suppression of free
speoch by injunctions, or legislation .that la ln violation of the constitution of the United States.
EVERT READER CAN HELP
Every reader of Tho Federatlonist can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon aa they are due, and
and by Inducing another worker to
subscribe. It does not take much
effort to do tills.   Try It.
SOCIETY FOB TECHNICAL AID TO SOVIET BUSSIA
Masquerade Dance
CLINTON HALL
Corner of Clinton and Fender Streets
Saturday, Sept. 23rd
Oaixtng from 8 to 12 p.m.
OENTS, 50 CENTS; LADIES, 26 OENTS
Tha surplus from thla dance will bc used to purchase thc latest
technical works on r;i,.'.1i.t__.ii)n and shipbuilding for the mechnit-
lcal di partment of Soviet Russia.
HANDS ACROSS THE SEA
FROM
10
Soviet Russia needs machinery— vast quantities of it.
The peasants cannot harvest the crops unless they procure harvesters,
binders. They cannot prepare the fields for the winter unless they are
furnished with tractors, plows, rakes, etc.
The factories in Russia will remain idle if the workers do not obtain
machines, lathes, engines, pumps, etc.
American Workers! American Farmers!
YOU KNOW WHAT IT MEANS TO BE WITHOUT TOOLS
Help Provide Tools and Machinery for Soviet Russia
Stretch your hands across the sea in brotherly help, in working-class
solidarity. Do what the capitalist governments refuse to do.
Today Help—At Once
International Tool Drive for
Soviet Russia
—Conducted by the—
Friends of Soviet Russia
201 WEST 13TH STBEET
NEW YOBK OITY
Help Build Up the
World's First
Workers' Bepublic
Accept my contribution of $ ;.  to help build up
Soviet Russia of the Workers and l-casanta.
Name ....
Address
City	
___

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