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British Columbia Federationist Mar 27, 1925

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Array m COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UN.i h STRENGTH
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE FEDERATED LAB OR PARTY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
PUBLISHED 0. INTERESTS OF ALL WORKERS
.a POLITICAL UNITT:  VICTORY
SEVENTEENTH TEAR, No. 13.       FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 27. 1925
5c A COPY
OF
f Aims and Ideals of Labor-
Its Appeal Is World-
Wide.
1
s/ 	
SECURITY OF HOME LIFE
Only  Foundation  Upon Whioh
Life and Its Complex Needs
Oan Be Assured.
(By Mrs. Kerne Henderson]
TF the wokers were united, which
thoy are not; if the workers were
class conscious, which they are not,
there is no force on earth that could
withstand their physical and moral
power. They have truth, they have
right, they have the forces of evolution and numbers on their side. Their
appeal ia a world-wide appeal. The
basis of their demands are just, supported by science, clothed in ideal-
Ism, and espoused by every moral
code in the calendar.
> Labor Ideals
Labor demands that every child
■ shall be properly fed, clothed, housed
and educated. That they shall not
labor until full grown. That every
woman shall have the right to motherhood, to the security of home Hie, to
be freo from the fear of poverty, and
to be relieved of the sordid necessity
of hunting a job, to provide the physical needs of her children, at the expense of their mental and moral welfare.
Labor demands the right of every
man to live by his own labor, and denies the right of the few to own the
earth, subject and dispossess the many
and to live in extravagance and luxury through exploiting and robbing
earth and mankind of their natural
heritage.
Every religious creed, every moral
code, every law and ideal of Justice,
proclaim these demands as the only
foundation upon which life and its
complex needs can rest securely.
What then are the forces retarding
progress and denying the masses the
right to life in its fullness?
Forces Enslave
"Capitalism," some will say; the
"church," the "press", thip "politicians," or the "schools." others will
claim.
There is much truth in all these
contentions, but other and more direct causes must be faced. To contend that labor does not largely contribute to its own undoing merely
begs the question. In laying bare the
faults and iniquities of the capitalist,
we must not Ignore our own shortcomings and play the role of martyr.
Martyrs we are, and martyrs we shall
be, until the system of exploitation is
abolished. Labor needs martyrs, in
the cauBe of economic freedom, and
not heroes, in the cause of capitalism;
let this truth once be established in
the minds of the workers and their
children, and labor takes its first step
toward overcoming one of the most
powerful forces making for the enslavement of mankind.
Unity is the law of life, co-operation
j is its powerful ally.   Until labor rec-
' ognize  the   oneness  and   interdependence of all workers, as their masters
are realising their  mutual  Interests,
the   battles,   and   struggles   of   labor
will be largely fought in vain.
National ism
Por the ruling clasB, nationalism
does not exist. This is an alias, under
which 'capitalism masquerades to divide and conqueror the workers, and
arouse them to hatred and lawless
savagery against each other.
The German banker, the English,
French, and American bankers, wine
nnd dine together, exchange ideas and
formulate plans whereby unitedly they
I may hold the masses in sujection and
rob them according to law, and divide
the spoils. The German "Hun" if he
happens to be a member of the ruling
elass may be a welcome guest at the
tables of the English or French banker,
ur Industrial magnate, while the poor
man, the "hero,", who fought for
his master's country, may not, and, if
he seeks to Intrude, will be informed
by u notice hanging on the gate, that
"Nq beggars, peddlars, or job hunters
are permitted to enter here."
Knowledge Is Power
One of the most powerful factors
,making for the enslavement of the
worker Is his lack of knowledge of the
:world he lives in. He ]s not reaction
(ary, because he wants to be; because
he loves his slavery, becauae he delights to see his wife and family llv-
iing in poverty, because he believes It
is God's will that his children are
deprivod of education, the necessities
of life, and sent to work in sweated
I industries. He Is reactionary, because
he knows no better, and the problem,
>he supreme problem, facing the lea-
[ers and educationalists in the labor
lovement Is how to convey to the
insses, the knowledge that shall
'make them intelligent, dynamic for
ccs making for oconomic freedom.
Political Action
The tmtlca unions until recently
lave failed utterly to carry out poll'
tical propaganda among their mem
bers; in fact, the unions prided them
.elves on being "non-political". Had
ihe unions recognized the unity between political and industrial action,
they would ere now have achieved a
(Continued on page 8)
SHEgES STARVATION
Agnes Mt^vil, M.P., Finds Real
Poveri [
Exists in Cape
<*ton.
A press desp. *~V. from Sydney, N,
S., on Tuesday a' v.that Agnes McPhall, M. P., mad\ ' . tour of inspection of the south coal mining area,
which is suffering from the blight
of broken time for several months
past, causing abject want among the
6000 miners. Credit at the stores
of the British Empire Steel Corporation having been refused to the idle
miners. The lady member of parliament declared: "I have no words
with which to describe conditions in,
the colliery districts of Cape Breton
as I found them today. I thought I
had seen poverty, thought I had" experienced it. But I know tonight
that never before today have I encountered stark destitution."
Whist Drive iat New Westminster
The New Westminster Labor party
will hold a whist drive on Friday,
March 27, at 8 p. m., In the Labor
Temple, corner Royal avenue and
Seventh street. Good prizes. Refreshments. The grand prize will be a
hand-made linen luncheon set. Collection.   All welcome.
New Boats
The Union Steamship company, of
which Mr. Harold Brown is the new
an.d popular general manager, is
pleased to see that the bridge is an
accomplished fact. This company,
with its new boats on the run will
be better able to handle the travelling
public than ever before. They have
spared neither time nor money to
have the best for the convenience of
the general public.
England Building Houses
Under Mr. Wheatley's British Housing act the erection of 30,037 houses
has been authorized. With the exception of 970 all of them are being built
by public enterprise.
To dogmatize about the form which
the socialist state shall take ls te
play the fool. That is a matter with
which we have nothing whatever to
do. It belongs to the future, and is
a matter which posterity alone can
decide.—Keir Hardle: "■'"""***■
FARMER PROBLEM
Every Day the Struggle of the
Tiller of the Soil Becoming
More Severe.
UNDER HEAVY HANDICAP
Even When Harvest Is Abundant
Grower's Remuneration Is
Frightfully Small.
TTNTIL the problems, which everywhere are confronting the "tillers
of the soil," are honestly and fearlessly faced, not alone by the farmer,
although it ti doubly essential that
he faces it Intelligently, but by all
mankind, we can hope to make but
little social progress.
Without the products of the soil
being readily available, suffering,
privation and death will ever remain
our lot.
lf the farmers whose labors are
so essential to our well-being, are
compelled to "carry on under the
handicap" which today Is theirs, we
can hope for little or no prosperity
in this land of our*—or any other
land.
Certainly the time is ripe for the
inauguration of some new system
whereby this class of producers will
come into their own. When a man
oi' woman works as bard and as diligently as does the average farmer,
is then deprived of the results of
their strenuous toil, obviously it is
time for some radical change. Every
other Individual Is, ob a rule, guaranteed some definite amount as a remuneration foi' their services, before
they will undertnke their task, whatever It may be. The farmer is not
in that happy position. Hlfl remuneration is dependent upon many condition. He must secure suitable soil;
he must till his soil intelligently—
in spite^ of the fact tbat many seem
to thing that farming requires no Intelligence until they attempt to do
a little farming themselves; he must
also secure suitable implements. Then
he must depend upon the elements
for the growth of bis grain nnd its
harvesting, until it Is actually in the
hands of tho buyers.
Moreover, he must, as society is
constructed today, continue to gamble. If this were all, we might be
more tolerant, but, on top of all this,
as though not satisfied with the
cruelty of the elements, they hnve
insults heaped upon injuries, by individuals who have contributed nothing to the betterment of the human
race. If the fates are kind and products abundant, thon, regardless of
the work which he may have done,
the remuneration—for which they
receive for the results of his trouble
and toil—that Is the price he get-s
for the commodities which he pro-
(Continued on page S)
ARTS Ai LETTERS
"Rabindranath Tagore—His Life
and Teachings," Formed
Subject of Lecture.
JATRINDA GOHO SPEAKER
Songs and Recitations by Popular
Ladies—Next Meeting
April Srd.
"D ABINDRANATH    TAGORE—His
Life and Teachings" was the subject of a fine lecture given before
the Modern Arts and Letters club
by Mr. Jatrlnda Goho, of Calcutta,
India, on the evening of Friday last.
The club had a full attendance of
members and guests, and, as usual,
added new members to its roll. Before the lecture, Mrs. Lyle Telford
delighted those present with well-
chosen vocal soIob.
Mr. Goho, i having had the privilige
of personal contact with the great
Hindu sage and writer at his International college, was in a position to
speak convincingly of the work being done for India and the world by
Tagore. He remarked upon the fact
that Tagore waa born in a family of
aristocratic lineage, which has given
to India many of its finest artists,
painters, poets and musicians. At an
early age, the future poet rebelled
against the confinement and restrictions of school-life, and was allowed
by his wise and sympathetic father
to grow up in the atmosphere of
the Tagore home receiving instruction
from his parent only. His individuality was thus preserved and the
genius in him unhampered by convention. In his boyhood, he developed remarkable talent as a musician
and poet. Later, as life's responsibilities increased, he became a philosopher. The speaker pointed out
that although Tagore is best known
to the western world as a poet, In
India he is chiefly esteemed for his
short stories which are models artistically. By Indian critics, he ls
deemed their greatest story-teller
during their many thousand years of
culture.
The fact that Tagore was ignored
by the western world upon the .occasion of hiB first visit to America,
'rtfia^aVtenrarda lionized and' Med
when he had received the Nobel prize
for literature, was mentioned ns illustrating the Philistinism of the wes
tern culture.
The lecturer belived that Tagore
made and is making a deep and permanent impression upon Indian
thought and life in direct opposition to the wide-spread influence of
the great leader, Gandhi. While
Tagore is a nationalist to n degree,
he Is even more an internationalist,
although he has devoted his life to
art, education and letters rathe'.*
than to n direct participation in Indian politics. Moreover, while Gandhi preaches the doctrine of "renunciation," pacifism and non-resistance,
Tagore has always, through his poetry and prose, Inculcated the positive
philosophy of Karma Yoga or action
This, In n eountry bogged in the
depth of n negative philosophy of life,
has had a splendidly stimulating effect. Besides, Tagore's positive a f-
firmation of life has** been tinged by
the   "religion   of   love."   or   Bhaktl,
n ti,|. «m »■»■>*..>■—*»..tin.*i..»**.*«
"MIND YOUR
OWN BUSINESS"
A SUGGESTION TO TIRED
FARMERS
THOSE individuals, or groupa,
wishing to get pamphlets
'which have just recently been
printed are urged to send in
their orders at once. There are
only a limited number printed.
They are tho following:
WOMAN  AND   WAR
By Mrs. Rose Henderson
10 cents.
MIND YOUR OWN; BUSINESS
By Oeorge P. Stirling
5 oents.'
These pamphlets are well writ-
* ten. They contain a wealth of
Information, and are, to say
the very least, thought-provoking.
Send in l'uur Orders at Onco
Yoa Cannot Afford To Ro
Without TiK'Hl
STARVATION IN CANADA
NOT IN RUSSIA
The Canadian Ranok, Ukranlan
language paper, of Winnipeg, Tuesday
night said: "We have certain evidence that the poverty of the Ukranlan farmers north of Komarno ls terrible and that, If there is not prompt
action, dozens of families will perish
of hunger." ,
JUNIOR LABOR LEAGUE
Membership Gets Oood Boost-
Summer "Camp Possible-
Hikes, Picnics, Eto.
Junior Labor League boosters have
been doing good work lately. Eight
new membera were admitted to the
league at the last business meeting.
With a live committee on the job the
league expects to keep things humming this summer with a good program of hiking, picnics, etc., If possible a summer camp will be ar-,
rangejfl for during thewkallday8,_.;JV!
This Friday the league is having
a social evening at the home of Miss
Williams, corner Thirty-fourth avenue
and Culloden street. Come along and
get acquainted.
which is that of his father's sect.
This has given the emotional quality
to his gospel of strength and courage.
The lecturer ended his address by
reading from "Gitnnjali" and other
works of the groat Indian poet.
In the "round table" following the
discussion of tbe lecture, the treasurer, Miss Mildred Teeple, contributed a poem by a colored poet, of the
settlement district in New York city,
and Miss Dorothy Halliwell read a
selection from a new anthology of
contemporary  English  verse.
The next meeting of the club, in
the Womans building, Thurlow street,
on the evening of April 3rd., will be
devoted to "Cbntemporary Music,"
illustrated by piuno selections. The
programme will be announced in next
week's Federationist.
Frightful Injustice Becomes Habitual aiid Natural Under
Present System,
SOCIALISM IS BUSINESS
Socialists Want Further Advance
in Science and Practice
of Living.
VVJE have all grown up In a etate. of
society, where tne most frightful
injustice has become habitual and natural so that most of our citizens regard the present state of affairs as
final and satisfactory; or at least bo
satisfactory that it is almost indecent
to criticize it, much less to lay impious hands on the sacred structure.
Mankind has always been in a
similar state of moral torpor, even
when cruder forms of violence and exploitation were habitual. Thus at one
time the right of a conqueror to kill
and eat his captives was unquestioned; why should he not? Doubtless reformers in early ages lost their lives
for suggesting that prisoners Bhould
be kept and made to work for their
masters. It has certainly required an
immense agitation and fierce fighting to bring mankind generally to
admit that human beings are not
proper objects to make into personal
property, or to be regarded as "chattels" belonging to the possessor of a
certain piece of land, the conditions
of the serf.
All these reforms and advances
were rendered possible probably by
the discovery, first, that a slave was
more profitable than one or two meals
from a human carcass. Second, that
it was easier to get work out of human beings by owning the land and
tools that they must use to get a
living for themselves and that therefore keeping slaves was bad business
and also quite unnecessary.
We socialists are seeking to bring
about a further advance in the science
and practise of living on this Earth,
let us try to demonstrate to our fellow beings that much better and
safer ways of working together can
be devised, and also that our present
methods are tending Inevitably to
bring us to disaster, so'that even
those* who are Apparently'prospering
under present conditions, are in great
danger from n general collapse of the
pocial structure.
Jt is becoming apparent that under
present arrangements we have not
even that modicum of Justice that
will allow civilization to continue. We
ore running short of farmers and our;
shortage would be desperate already
on this continent if we did not import great numbers from Europe and
elsewhere. Now a country without
farmers is doomed, no amount of
smartness or trickery will take the
place of potatoes nnd beef and wheat,
neither enn city life produce those
qualities of mind and patience that
country life will instill. We must get
more Justice. It is an absolute necessity. For lack of it frightful dangers
confront Canada, theso perils are so
near •*•_'. so menacing that nothing
but a speedy repentance and complete
change of method will save us from
destruction.
First, we must expose the failure
(Continued on pago 3)
THE MEN FROM MARS
r\NE morning, early In the gloriouHf
summer of 1924, I was crossing
on the ferry-boat to North Vancouver. As I stood at the prow, idly noting the varying shadow tints in the
numerous valleys before me, and the
high lfghts of the summits, where tho
fast disappearing patches of snow still
lingered, I suddenly experienced an
Impulse to ascend tbe mountain before
me. Fortunulely, I wus crossing the
inlet on private business, and had no
sacred duty to my master to perform,
so 1 felt no fearful conscience qualm
in responding to the unaccountable
urge which directed me to the mountain summit.
An hour or so afterwards I was
climbing the path which leads to the
summit of Grouse Mountain.
I am not a seasoned mountain climber and being interested in the flora
of the uplandB, I .was glad to leave
the beaten track at a level spot where
It seemed safe to do so, to rest from
tho toll of the ascent, and to enjoy
any floral beauty that might present
Itself.
I had proceeded, perhaps for fifty
ynrds, when 1 found myself in nn
open, level space, about half nn acre
in extent, and bounded on all sides
by tall cedars and thick underbrush.
There were plants in abundance, and
here nnd there n tuft of bloom, nnd
I sank Into the tall grasses with a sfgh
of relief. There was n perfect calm,
nnd tlie only sounds I could hear wore
Iho clicking and the droning of insects'
wings. The world of mon with Its
harsh discords, Its ceaseless and trivial
babbling, seemed non-existent, and
wltb the scentH of growing wonders,
and the murmuring music of thi. wilderness throbbing In my brain, 1
blessed the sudden Impulse which bad
urged me on my journey.
Suddenly a murmur of voices came
to me, and I rose and npproached n
[Memesls]
clump of young evergreens that stood
in the centre of the open space. I
pushed my way through it, and stood
in astonishment at what I saw. Reposing with their backs against a giant
cedar, whicb bad succumbed before
the strength of some former storm,
wero two beings. At first I hardly
noticed them, as my attention was
drawn to a curious machine-like arrangement which lay some little dls-
tunce from thom. it was cylindrical
in form and about sixty feel, long,
tapering to n point at each end. In
the centre was a raised apartment,
domed shaped, and about fifteen feet
in diameter, composed of n substance
which is difficult to describe, bat,
whicb struck me at the time as ro-
sembllng transparent silver. I ean
describe It In no othor wny. It is dtf-l
fleult, of course, to describe a substance one has never seen before and
which resembles nothing of one's fnrmer experience.
Covering the whole surface of the
cylindrical body were thread-like filaments about six inches long, bright
red in color, and which writhed continuously like living threads of ffro.
As I gazod at the strange sighl 1
experienced a tingling sensation ovor
my wholo body, resembling that of a
slight electric shock.
A voice very musical and mellow
exclaimed, "Ah! Our visitor."
I turned sharply and mot the gaze
of the iwo beings who wero smiling a
gonial welcome. Tbey molloned me
to alt down with them. I did so, and
we regarded each other a moment or
two in silence.
Again, I am at a loss for words to
describe thom. They wore human in
shapo, though their heads were somewhat largor in proportion to thoir
bodios than beings of our own planet,
fbut it was their flesh which I cannot describe, except that il was of a
much finer texture than our own, and
gave me the Impression of transparency without being transparent, a
sensation of sight, which I had never
before experienced.
"The impulse," said tho taller of the
boings, with a genial smile, "we sont
out brought you here. We bolong to
the planet you call Mars, and represent a Martian Soolety of Investigation. We have sent for you to bear the
message to our society, whieh we ave
about to transmit before we depart
for home. As you earth dwellers are
yet only In the early stage of your!
development, there may be much that
you will not clearly grasp, and much
probably with which you will disagree,
for, ns you are no doubt aware, old
habit of thought resents the Intrusion
of new ideas."
Ho turned nml smiled at bis companion who closed bis eyes. The
spoakor rose and placed bis band on
his companion's rorehend who apparently bud settled down Into a quiet
sleep. Then taking from bis pocket
a paper, be read from il In a clear
voico, and very slowly, tbe fallowing
messago, his left hand resting all tbo
time on tin. forehead of his friend.
"To thc Martian Society of Splriiual
and   Mental   Investigation, Comrades:
"I am transmitting a short synopsis
of our observations on the Green
Planet bofore starting on our homeward journey. Tho inhabitants of
this planet physically resemble our-
selves, but their mnterlnl substance
is of a much coarser fibre corresponding to tbat of our lower Uf''.
"They are, for the most port, simply and purely, dull and unlntorostlng
materialists. The great truth, as we
know it, has ns yet only appeared ai
n feeble spark In a few of their nd-
(Contlnued on page 2)
iiewhwu. ..uiu
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. 0.
Franco
Average Hourly Wage.—An investigation conducted by agents of the
ministry of labor, which covered
608,800 workers in the metal Industries, of whom about one-third were
employed in tho Paris region, revealed an-average hourly wage, for
adults, of 3.29 francs for qualified
workera, 2.64 francs for special workers, and 2.19 francs for ordinary
workers,
Germany
Strike of Metallurgical Workers.—
Striking metallurgical laborers of the
Saar basin, who had demanded a 20
per cent, wage increase, and their
proprietors refused to accept the re*
commendation of the arbitration
board for a 10 per cent. Increase, to
be compensated for by longer hours
of work. In all about 12,000 laborers are directly or indirectly affected
by the strike.
Great Britain
Housing at Wolverhampton.—The
medical officer of health estimates
that the number of houses required
to satisfy the needs of the Wolverhampton district at the present time
Is 7,000, as compared with 6,659 ln
1919, which was the figure arrived
at by the housing survey of that year.
Italy
Unemployment. — From November
30, 1923, to November 30, 1924, the'
total number of unemployed persons
ln Italy decreased from 225,093 to
135,785, a drop of 89,308 persons.
Switzerland
Unemployment.—It is said that unemployment in Switzerland has ceased to be a national problem, and that
there are now no existing labor problems which owe thetr Inception to
conditions growing out of the world
war or the period of depression following It.
Uruguay
Annual Leave.—A resolution was
passed on February 5, 1925, by the
national administrative council whereby every administrative employee of
the council is obliged to take an annual holiday of twenty days, without
loss of salary.
Immigrants First Brought Here
Because Railroads Wanted
Cheap Labor.
NOW CONTROL BUSINESS
Discrimination in Favor of Asiatics as Against White Labor
Clearly Shown,
[By John Plckenshovel]
'OH tbo last twenty-five years in
this province the question of
dealing with tbe Oriental in our midst
has been periodically the subject of
much public agitation, and also tha
politicnl sport of both Dominion and
provincial parliamentary bodies. Despite this, however, it ls still a live
question in tho minds of many people. In the past It ls true, the agitation arising out of the matter has
been largely confined to the workers
and their organizations, but of recent
years, developments bave taken place
which havo brought othor sections of
the public into the controversy, it
would, therefore, be pertinent to review the matter in the light of the
situation as It at present prevails.
Oriental* like most oiher immigrants, have come here to work. They
wei'e brougbt here In the first place
because the railroad companies needed cheap lalior. The lumbering and
Construction industries also needed
such lalior, mostly on nccount of its
cheapness. As a consequence, the
labor mnrkct was flooded with men
from tbe Orient and this, of courso,
militated agninst the white immigrant
with  higher standards of living.
ThiH naturally created a spirft of
antagonism as between white and
yellow labor, with the result, that
the common position tbat they bold
in   regard   to   the   present   order   of
loly has been lost sight of. Tbe
business man wbo hires that class
of labor has heretofore raised no objection and is, as a matter of fuel,
pleased to see the Oriental 'in the
labor market in competition with the
whito worker. Hut it has not altogether worked out ns tho business
men desired It. Tho Oriental has
made tbo important discovery that
millionaires are not made while
working for wages, and consequently
many of tbem bave quit working for
wagos iind nre now engaged In business pursuits in competition with the
businoss mon wbo formerly encouraged them to come hero. Now It
happens that the business men wnnt
them excluded, just as tho worker."
and their organiKatibnfi have [been
demanding for yoars. From this, It
must be plain |o those wbo havo oven
an   elementary  grasp  ot economics,
that   tho   master  class  desire   choar
labor,   und   urge   Oriental   iminlgra-
(Contimied on Page 4)
In Democracy, Majority's Will Is
Supposed to Govern; But
It's the Vote.
AMID LOUD LAUGHTER
Ideas Not Argued on Their Merit
-Empty Benches Tragic
and Pitiable.
[By Lloyd Roberts.]
pRESS GALLERY, House of Com-
mons, Ottawa.—All Is fair in love
and war—and politics, It seems. If
a bill is distasteful, kill It If you can,
and don't be finicky over the manner
of Its dying. In a democracy the
will of the majority is supposed to
govern; in reality it ls the rote. It
it not the same thing, by any means.
In party politics lt is essential tbat
the will be kept subservient to the
vote The will, left to Itself, Is
sometimes guided by Ideals and
ethics, which might embarrass the
party, if not wreck It altogether. Now
there are many ways of influencing
the will. The cuttlefish method ls
one of the most popular. Blanket
the objectionable feature In dark*
ness and dispatch it at leisure. Or,
to use another fishy trick, draff a
red herring across the trail. There's
the anti-racetrack gambling resolution
for Instance, and the divorce bill, and
the plea for public control of credit;
just to mention some recent coses.
Not one of these Ideas was 'permitted
to be argued on Its merits.
The member for Brant felt deeply
grieved when his motion "that the
special privilege given to racing associations under the criminal code of
carrying on public gambling operations In connection with their race
meetings ts detrimental to the best
Interests of Canada and should be
abolished" was taken away from him,
"amended" Into another substantive
motion, ahd carried by a large majority. As J. L. Brown of Ltsgar
pointed out, amidst a roar of laughter, all that was left of the main motion was the word "that**
It was not (tn tbe mover's words)
"fair or tn accordance with the spirit
of the rules of this house or of any
British parliament," but It certainly
extracted" the Hick From'lhe reB0lu>-
tion while leaving it In the horse.
J. T. Shaw's bill, "designed to es«.
tablish equality as between husband
and wife so far as the grounds for
divorce are concerned," in the four
western provinces, unexpectedly passed Its second readfng In spite of a
malodorous herring dragged in to
confuse the issue. The honorable
enemy had prepared his attack with
meticulous care- His eloquence,
couched In early Victorian style, ran?
through the chamber so silent you
could almost hear a tear drop. The
fnct that it had not the slightest
bearing on the subject under debate
wus insufficient reason, it seems, for
ruling him out of order, PerhapB it
Is just as well to allow such "freedom of speech" now and then. Although it wastes the time and patience of the members, there is seldom a dearth of either, and it makes
tbe oloclutionlst happy for the rest
of the session—another step has been
tukcnjn the nge-Iong battle for the
equality of tbe sexes.
But the red herring seems most
effective where the question of economies is concerned. It Is a delicate
enough scent without weakening it
wilh personalities nnd prejudices. Few
members appear willing to follow it,
even when it emanates from the Always Right. They might sing in
chorus, "The old-time system is good
enougli for me." "Why not leave
well-enough alone?" was tbe government's chief nnswer to labor pleading
for experimentation. J. .H. Woods-
worth urged that "it Is not In the
interests of tbe country at large lhat
tho privilege of issuing curroncy and
of controlling flnanelal credit should
be granted to private corporations."
It Is not surprising tbnt meu like
Otto II. Knhn, the Now York banker,
should resent sucb radicalism. In
his view thc elemenl of paramount
importance "is tlie remarkable demonstration afforded by the elections
in France, England, America and
Germany, that the preponderating
sentiment of tbo people is tired and
weary of commotion, controversy,
agitation and experiment, from whatsoever quarter emanating nnd to
whatever end directed." Sueh weariness is a Godsend to those In high
financial places. Hut what about
our parliamentariana eoming from
constituencies distraught over ln-
roaslng unemployment, poverty nnd
rime? fan they afford to sleep In
their chnirs, or write letters, or retreat to the lobby whenever u possi-
way out Is advocated? Public
ownership of credit may not be the
cure-all for soid;.! Ills, any more than
concentration in the hands of the
few bas provod to be, but It at lenst
deserves a fair bearing, such as the
steam locomotive and telephone demanded and eventually got. And yet
we hear a membor declaring in the
midst of tho debate: "1 do not know
that I have seen anything more
tragic nnd pitiable since I have boen
n member of this house than the
empty benches opposite." As for the
red herring, lt made its nppenranco
In a very old and unsavory form: "I
. really cannot understand anything In
I thc speech of my honorable friend,"
(Continued on pars 4) Page Two
SEVENTEENTH YEAR.    No.   13 BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST     VANCOUVER. B. c.
British Colombia Federationist
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worker, the producer of all that luxury.
As long as capitalism remains conditions will surely get worse. There
is one remedy, and one only; the
regulated production and distribution
ot the things necessary for our social
needs. In a word socialism. And
this Is Just what socialism means in
the economic sense. The ordered and
regulated production and distribution
of the things necessary to maintain
life.
"We do not ask you to take our
word for it. Study the situation for
yourself, and if you do not agree with
us let us have your solution.
TO
tt
FRIPA-Y March 27,  1925
THE PROGRESS OF CIVILIZATION
WE sometimes wonder lf man has
. travelled ao far, intellectually, in
the last four or five thousand years
as we are led to believe. It would
seem that If there has been any progress It has only been a progressive
enslavement of the large masses of
the people. We believe this to be
true, because today a relatively greater number of the world's population
Is subject to the control of a master
class, as far as concerns their access
to the means of life than ever hns
been the case before. There seems
to be no relation between the productive capacity of a people and the
amount of that production which
they may appropriate to their own
use.
"We need not go abroad to find
ample evidence to prove this assertion. All over the Dominion of Canada, we find a great mass of production In almost all things necessary
for human existence, and along side
of this plethora of goods wo find, the
direst poverty.
Thousands of unemployed in the
cities of the Pacific coast, thousands
of destitute fnrmers in the prairie
provinces, more thousands of unemployed In the larger eastern cities;
and now comes the news of terrible
suffering and privation in the mining
villages on  the  Atlantic sea-board.
The following from the Vancouver
Dally Province of Mnrch 9th, will give
one an idea of the suffering prevailing among the miners there: "IC
Armenia and Japan after the shock
or India in famine, were uny worse
than the destitute here, thank God
I was not thero." These are tho
words of the Rev. F. McAvoy, of
Glace Bay, Nova Scotia. An Ottawa
despatch in the same paper on Mnrch
12th, said that lt was stated, at
conference called by the G. W. V. A.,
"that the lack of food and clothing
among the miners of Cape Breton
constitutes as great an emergency as
the Halifax disaster, the Japanese
earthquake, tho Russian famine, and
the Leeward hurricane." But, bear
In mind, these aro normal times, and
in Canada, one of the richest coun
tries in potential wealth in tbo world.
We said normal; well, If they are
pot a little better than normal we
must have been greatly gulled for the
past few years by a host of service
club orators, banquet hall speei'h
makors, and capitalistic noWspapora
nnd periodicals, which shouted in
season and out, that prosperity was at
our door, no, more than that; had
raised the latch, pushed thc door
and was inside.
Prosperity is here alright, but it Is
capitalist propority. That form of
prosperity which the workers have
always been accustomed to—luxury
for the master and owner; poverty
disease,  squalor,  and   misery  for  the
ALBERTA ARREST JOBLESS
think thnt the only solution to
the problem of unemployment ls
to arrest the unemployed seems
rather intolerable in this day and ago.
To think that the representatives,
chosen by the popular voto of the
people, can devise no more humane
action, than that of arresting honest,
though unfortunate men, seems appalling. They allow these men to
wander In vain, for weeks and
months—yes, even years—in search
of work that will guarantee a livllhood, and then, though it is recognized by every intelligent man and
woman throughout the length and
breadth of our dominion, that there
Is not sufficient remunerative work
to be foun,d for every able-bodied hu
man beings, within its confines. A
more inane attitude of mind could
hardly be Imagined.
Now, though these men, admittedly
could not possibly find work, and because they seek to voice their protest, they are detained as criminals.
The government is likely going to
find out something about the organization, the leadership and the motives
of the present movement—so we are
informed. Doubtlesa. the reported
findings will suggest that the movement was organized by some "red"
agitatora seeking to overthrow the
government. That is the usual line
of chatter. They will sit idly by and
watch men and women search in vain
for the where-wlth-ail to obtain necessities of life. If the unfortunates
feel compelled to depart from our
so-called "straight and narrow path,"
they are detained, guarded by the
strong arm of the law—certainly, not
of justice. If they choose to voice a
protest they are classed as "reds"—
whatever that may mean, Someday,
a revolution niay fall our lot, even in
this land, and. in our humble judgment, the cause for such a catastrophe will rest upon the shoulders of
our parasitical and more than useless
average politician of totfay, rather
than upon the shoulders of unforun-
ate workers.
the facta regarding the actual conditions existing here in Canada, are
becoming known, we learn, with horror, of the pitiful plight of the miners
in Cape Breton, who have been forced
to exist under the iron heel of the
British Empire Steel Corporation, in
the past. Now, oven that existence is
denied them, and starvation and
death seems their only lot.
Another Instance of the suffering
being endured by our people Is that
of the Ukranlan farmers on the prai'
ries. It is reported, that unless
prompt action is taken, dozens of
families will perish of hunger. Think
of it. While a few are allowed to
live In the lap of luxury thousands
are on the verge of atarvation, right
here ln Canada.
We wonder how long these unfor
tunate poople are going to continue
to suffer ln silence. We wonder too,
how long the parasitical class are
hoping to "carry on" in peace and
comfort while they ignore tho sufferings of their less fortunate brothera
and sisters. If our vision guides ua
aright, we fell that we can aee "the
hand writing on the wall." How
long, we wonder, will they fall to
take heed of the warning.
The Men from Mars
(Continued From Page 1.)
FRIDAY March  27,  1926
fully proved, ls tho controlling and
directing force ln the Universe, 'ind,
in association with matter, should
govern It to the advantage of the
organism1. They ltnow nothing of
mind rule over matter, and allow the
matter  of  their  bodies to adversely
WE
«   d_
JUNIOR LABOR LEAGUE
E note,, with some considerable
degree of satisfaction, the growth
and enthusiasm of the Junior Labor
League. The hope of the future lies
with the young of our present day.
To see them taking such enthusiastic
interest in the bettering of the future of humanity is most encouraging, Doubtless there are hundreds
of our young people today anxious
to serve their fellows but they can
find no society or association that offers them indefinite opportunities.
To such, wo would heartily recommend the J. L. L. Not only will they
have an opportunity to serve, but also to learn more about the causes
of the social chaos that exists everywhere about us today, even in this
glorious Dominion of Canada.
J. H. THOMAS
T OCAL adherents of labor will have
•*-*   read, no doubt, In our dally press,
report of what Rt. Hon. J. H.
Thomas ls purported to have said
to some 150 boys and girls on the
terrace of the British house of commons, preliminary to their going to
Canada. Ho told them they were the
luckiest boys and girls in the world in
having a chanco to go to Canada, and
that not one of them but hnd a bet
ter education and better chance than
he himself had had. He added that
he hoped they would say to them
selves: "I am going to set out to bt
a millionaire before I am  finished.'
It is beyond our comprehension to
understand h'ow a man holding the
position In tho Labor movement in
Englnnd, that Thomns holds, could,
conscientiously make such utterances.
It is far from right and, most certainly It is not honorable. So long
as men of this type are acting as
leaders In this great movement,
can not hope for any marked pro-
gross. Comrade Tom Richardson hns
only a few montbs ago returned to
the old land from here. He is in a
position to enlighten bis comrades in
the movement there as to the actual
conditiona existing here In Canada,
He did so sonic time ago, according
to press reports. We wonder where
Mr. Thomas could liavo been at that
time. Is it tn be wondered at that
mnny comrades bore in Canada are
disgusted wltb the tactics of such men
ns Thomns? The truth can be had
for the asking, then we say, why deal
in falsehoods.
DESTITUTION IV CANADA
ONE would think, according to the
many press roports that wo see:
that Russia is the only place In the
worid where want and starvation in
running  rampant.     Whon,   howevor,
BOOK REVIEW
THE HOUSE WITH THE
GREEN   SHUTTERS
vanced minds and they are regarded
with a tolerant contempt.
"Their physical surroundings are affect the mind principle; for they bo
more beautiful and more prolific than t lieve that mind is merely an attribute
our  own,   and   their  physical  needs, of  matter,   and   cannot   exist   apart
By Georgo Douglas
[Review by Frances Wills]
TT is claimed that this extraordinary
book was the source of the modern novel and an unconscious reaction against the artificiality of the
Victorian age.
Scotch people will read it with a
great deal of interest, for the setting
is Scottish throughout,' and Scottish
life and character are vividly portrayed by the author, who himself came
of the peasantry of an obscure village.
Moreover, the author seems to be an
adorer of Burns,
As one reads of business rivalries,
personal hates, and petty meannesses,
one is reminded rather forcibly that
mankind is not far removed from his
animal ancestry; and that it will tako
years of real education to modify and
develop his nature rather than to
overlay it with n thin veneer of ao-
called civilization.
"The House with the Green Shutters" is a psychological study; a
careful tracing of the potentialities of
heredity, and the effects of environment. Perhaps the author cites an
extraordinary case, but, no doubt, If
every case which meets with public
condemnation, every life which is
termed a failure, and every wrong
which society punishes, were considered In this careful way, and treated
as being the sum total of a variety of
causes, instead of Individual wilfulness, society would be more successful in remedying its dreadful ills.
The author has a few sly hits at
education, of whose best handiwork,
the prize-winners, he says, they aro
often "gimlet characters who by diligence and memory, gain prizes in
their school days, and are fools for
the remainder of their lives." That
was a criticism of conditions a quarter
of a century ago, and mankind has
not yet outgrown the examination
standard of braina, nor the childishness of academic prizes.
We are given a littlo Scot's philosophy, and there are two characters
in the book who come to what seem
to be more or less similar conclusions;
the one through the power of thought
and the other through the influence
of John Barleycorn,
Says the professor: "The real thinkers know the value of a wise Indifference to the world; it no longer
frightens them, being understood.
Thoy know the value of a wise indifference; and that ia why they are
often the most genial of men; un-
worried by the transient, they can
smile and wait, sure of their eternal
aim."
"By Jove," thinks the hero, or
rather the villian, "That's what whiskey does for me," and becomes more
of a "toper" than ever. Not alto
gether because of a philosophy, but
because he needs something to free
his tongue, release his ideas, and
chnnge his morbid too-sensory Imagination to a radiant haze.
The narrative concerns itself chiefly with the downfall of the Gourlny
family, ono and nil; the overthrow of
paltry pride, flourishing business,
academic hopes and educational snobbishness, with a rather sordid climax
—murder and sudden death. To the
older Gourlay. disgrace; that is, what
the rest of tho world thinks of him
counts fnr more than octual loss—
even the loss of the "House With tho
Green Shutters" or the degradation
of his son's expulsion from the University.
The book Is well worth rending if
only for its insight into human nature and tho author's unbiased observation and presentation.,
Freedom Ouro for Evils
There is only one cure for evila
which newly-acquired freedom produces, and that cure is freedom. The
blaze of truth and liberty may at
first dazzlo and bewilder nations
which have become half-blind in tho
house of bondage. But let them gaze
on and they will soon be nble to bear
it. In a few yoars men learn to reason, and the extreme violence of
opinion subsides. The scattered elements of truth cease to contend nnd
begin to coalesce. And at length a
system of justice and order is educed
out of tho chaos,—Macaulay.
Tho -paradise of the rich is made
out of the hell of tho poor.—Victor
Hugo.
easy to satisfy, yet the nature of their
economic system, founded entirely on
a barbaric selfishness, makes th
struggle for the necessities of their
material life difficult and, in many
cases impossible to adequately obtain,
"A small minority of the dwellers
here own the earth, which they exploit for their own benefit, and while
those few revel in material luxuries
and wield a matorial power over their
fellow beings, the majority exist in a
state of material want and a harassing uncertainty.
"This will be difficult for you to
grasp, but tbe fact may serve as a
corroboration of the theories advanc
ed by our investigations into tbe pnst
ages of our own planet
"They possess tbe rudiments of reason and, while professing a morality
of an advanced type, may yet be described aa unmoral, as they do not
put that conception of morality into
practice for the system which governs
their lives forbids it.
"They are content with mouthing it,
and are quite satisfied with a curious
a,nd self-deceiving word-worship of
all their Ideals.
'They have not yet grasped the
great fact that deeds are the sole
standard of any system of morality
or religion. They are shallow word
worshippers, and the torrents of mere
verbiage which annually pours from
the aggregation of their religious,
moral and political associations, is
simply aatounding to one, who, recognizing the true morality, la bent only
on living It In deeds of service.
"The earth owners are filled with
a ravening lust for material power,
and this, to onr brethren, will be the
more aatonishing when I record that
thia power as soon as grasped eludes
them, as the savage nature of the
earth struggle is such, that their hold
on life is so enfeebled thereby, that
the average length of their lives is
measured by about thirty-five revolutions of their planet around the central mass.
"While the struggle for this material and passing power engrosses the
oarth owners, a still more severe
atruggle la the experience of the non-
owners to gain a mere material sub-
sistance, and thc average length, of
life of the latter is even ahorter than
that of their masters.
Thla struggle for material power
and a bare subsistence constitutes the
one engrossing aim of their perverted
and limited lives. Their pleasures can
he regarded aa non-existent, being
but a feverish and frantic striving
after fleeting material sensations.
"It will not surprise our brethren
to learn that the Inevitable reaction
to this revolting and unnecessary
struggle for the materia], is exhibited
in frequent wnrs between the nations
and in constant acts of robbery and
violence among their individual members,
'These wars are characterized by a
brutality and ferocity which Is appalling, and language halts In any attempt to adequately describe it. Their
scientific men have sunk themselves
into the lowest depths of immorality
by inventing instruments for tearing
to pieces their fellow beings In millions, and poisonous and burning gases
whieh destroy them wholesale or inflict upon them indescribable and unimaginable tortures.
"Indeed, out of thia savage economic struggle there has developed a
frenzied madness among the nations,
which has prompted them to invent
with devilish ingenuity, destructive
forces of such a nature that they must
react upon the users themselvea nnd
cause   universal   annihilation.
"Co-operation Is unknown except in
a primitive form for the benefit of
selfish and struggling units. Universal co-operation for the whole of humanity is as yet but a dream In the
minds of a few advanced beings who
call themselves socialists, who, however, are regarded with suspicion and
hatred, not only by the earth owners
but evon by tho majority of the deluded and [exploited outcasts from
their inheritance.
"Yet the dream of these true altruists is to establish a kingdom,
founded on love and Juatiee, which
would bring happiness to all classes
aud establish a reign of universal
peace in place of the terrible and
revolting conditions which obtain today; to establish a kingdom in which
the passing and material things could
be enjoyed as they should be to advantage, in conformity with the material laws, and In which the unseen
and eternal things could be studied
and grnsped.
"At present they revel In Ignorance
and hatred, and grope ln a darkness
which is verging on despair. Fear is
ever present ;at their feast and, in
their revelling for over their scanty
moments of enso and relaxation, It
casts Its threatening shadow.
"An ever strengthening array of
scourges nnd diseases is threatening
nnd shortening their existence, and
many among tbem, selfish and fearfully praying for themselves, are
awaiting tbe fast approaching state
of inevitable chaos.
"Strugglo iH inevitnbiP to spirit confined in the flesh, but the award* of
selfish struggling is over pain and
disappointment.
"Only the altruistic struggle cnn
lead to thp light of lovo and happiness for tt is law, but these undeveloped earth dwellers hnvo not yet
grasped the grent truth, that only
through the observance of law can
lifo grow to Its fulfilment. In their
system of competition and in the
shams of tbeir word-worship they nre
as plants withering in sour and scanty
soil.
"Mind, as we havo discovered  nnd
from it, and, in consequence, It would
be an impossibility to find In all the
wretched struggling mass of humanity
even one physically perfect being,
whereas in our own planet an imperfect creature is an abnormality.
"Yet all Is not hopeless, for, as I
stated, there is the dream of universal co-operation in the minds of a few,
This, as we know, Is a germ of power
from the eternal and governing mind,
and should develop to Its maturity,
ln which these earth dwellers will
live the selflesa existence and enjoy
mentally, morally and physically, the
whole of Its beneficial reactions,
"Yet I fear the truth of this selfless
existence will only be revonled to the
few, who will survive the the approaching and inevitable cataclysm.
My report in detail I will submit to
our brethren on my return. We are
even now preparing for our start."
He arose and pasaed his hand several timeB over the forehend of his
companion, who, awakening as from
a deep sleep, arose to his feet.
ENGLISH BAY POOL AND PIER
A VERY important conference took
placb Friday evening, March 20.
of the Directors of the New Natator-
ium and Pleasure Pier and Architects Gardiner & Mercer, in order to
arrive at the most suitable plan and
type of construction for the new Bath
and Pier.
Several experta in engineering and
Pool construction also attended the
meeting. Every phase of the Com
pany's plans was thoroughly gone In
to and every technical difficulty was
threshed out between the experts,
while the Board received a valuable
insight into the problems of up to
the minute Swimming Pool Operation,
It is the policy of the Board that
each step should be taken only under
expert guidance, because the company's building is going to be a permanent structure. The Directors
feel that every single feature should
be carefully planned.
Further developments are expected.
BOX
-Jo 9
[Note—As many   enquiries   reach
They waved their"hands7o me and|thU offlce from time to t!me- tftG ed
smiled ns they entered their machine,
and that was the laat I saw of them,
for suddenly the machine began to
rise vertically from the ground. I
watched it dwindle to a speck and
disappear from view in the aky above
my head.
Crushed By the Power of Gold
O men bowed down with labor,
O women young yet old,
O heart oppressed In the toiler's breast
And crushed by the power of gold,
Keep on with your weary battle
Against the triumphant might;
No question Is ever settled
Until it Is settled right.
—Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
War Deprecated
The friends of humanity will deprecate war wheresoever it may appear. My first wish is to see this
plague of mankind banished from
the earth, and the sons and daughters of thla world employed in more
pleasing and innocent amusements
than in preparing implements and
exercising them for the destruction
of mankind.—Washington.
itor will reserve space to deal with
such matters, under the above heading. Communications addressed to
"Notes and Queries Editor" will be
handled as quickly as space permits.
—Ed.] 	
L. OLSEN: Get Fred Harrison's
"The Case for Socialism," published
at one shilling. It is the most concise and clearly told atory of the
principle of the Socialist movement
we have read.
BIRMINGHAM: Of course Municipal banks could be run in Canada
on the same lines as in Birmingham,
if public action were strong enough
to buck the big banks' opposition.
We hope to have something on this
supject soon.
REVELSTOKE: Thanks for communication. By all meana send ua
your copy, we will use if possible.
OMEGA: Every Socialist ahould
read, mark and thoroughly digest
Jack   London's   "Iron   Heel."
JAMES (North Van.): Please sond
particulars in form for publication,
we ahall be pleased to insert In an
early issue.
Ohronto War
A government which comes out
strong only In emergencies will be
tempted to create and maintain a
state of chronic emergency as Napoleon had to create a state of
chronic war, or as the doctor who
could cure fits and nothing else began his treatments always by trying
to induce epilepsy.—George Bernard
Shaw.
Two Hostile Classes
From the moment that private possession In the means of production
arose, exploitation and the division of
society into two hostile classes,
standing opposed to each other
through their Interests, also began.—
Wilhelm Liebknecht.
There Is no liberty of thought for
the thoughtless; there Is no freedom
of speech for the coward.—Melbourne
Labor Call.
Try your neighbor for a subscription.
DEAFNESS
NOISES IK THE HEAD
AND NASAL "CATARRH
Can Be Relieved
The new Continental Remedy called
"LARMALENE"  (Rogd.)
Ir q simple, harmless homo trentment
which absolutely relieves deafness,
noises in tho head, etc. No expensive appliances needed for this now
Ointment, instantly operates upon tho
affected parts with completo and permnnent success. Scores of wonderful cases reported.
RELIABLE TESTIMONY
Hrs. E. Crowo, of Whltehorae
Road, Croydon, writes: "I am pleased to toll you that the Bmall tin of
ointment you sont to me at Vontnor
has proved a comploto success, my
hearing Is now quito normal and tho
horrible head noises havo ceased,
The action of thiB new remody must
bo very remarkable, for I have been
troubled with these complaints for
nearly 10 yoars and have had some
of tho very best medical advice, together with other expensive ear instruments, all to no purpose. I need
hardly say how very grateful I am,
for my life has undergone an entire
chango."
Try ono box today, which can ho
forwarded to any address on receipt
of monoy order for $1.00. There is
nothing better at any price. Address
orders to Manager "LABMALENE"
Co., Deal, Hent, England.
That commonwealth is best ordered
where the citizens are neither too
rich nor too poor.—Thales,
LADIES OF FULL FIGURE
SHOULD NOTE THIS
THERE'S one apparel Btore in Vancouver where special expert sorvico
is given to tlio lady inclined to stont-
ni'ss. In nuns, dresses and suits tlio
"Famous" hns specially designed garments that mako it easy for tho larger
woman to dress gracefully, and at a
very tnodorato  cost.
Famous
619*623 Haitingi Stnet Weat
CliOAK and
SUIT Oo. ltd.
Vancouver Torkish Baths
Will Cure Tour Rheumatism, Lumbago,
Neuritis or Bad Oold
Mu__go a Specialty
PACIFIC  BUILDING
74_ Haatinga St. W.   Phone Bey. 2970
We Are Now Selling the
ORIGINAL   NANAIMO-
WELLINGTON
COAL
Prom the old WAKES!
SEAM. This ooal is fj
superior to any mined
Vanoouver Island to da
having More Heat, Les!
Ash, and contains No RockJ
No Shale and No Clinkers.
If this coal is not satisfactory in every respect your
money will be cheerfully refunded.
A Trial Will Convince
Every Consumer
ALL WHITE HELP
Leslie Coal
Co. Ltd.
944 BEACH AVE.
Phone Sey. 7137
Thoir Country's Pride
Princes  and  lords  may  flourish,  or
may fade,
A breath can make them as a breath
has made;
But a bold peasantry, their country's
pride,
When once destroyed, can never be
supplied.
—Goldsmith.
The Federatlonist is out to heli
the workers. There is no nobler
work. Join us ln the flght. Get
your friends to subscribe
Phont Saymour 2364
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
SUITE 391, DOimnoK BDILOna
 VAHOOUVEB, B. 0.	
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Telephone Bill
■Tu"Il_ MOST  convenient
way to pay your account   is   to   mail  us   a
cheque.
B. 0. Telephone Oompany
ITAVE you ever had a red drink
"■ot Pnre Apple Cider during tha
laat few years?
To meet the dealrea of many client..
we hare introdneed reeently a pare dear
oparkllng apple eider In pint botUea,
eitker pure eweot or government regulation 2% hard apple elder. Tkeae drlnka
are abaolutely pure and free from al)
ceebonle aeld gaa or preaerratlvea of
any nature* Write or pkone your order
today, Highland (9.
VAN BROS. LTD.
Older Hannfaetnrera
1155 Commercial Drive, Vaaconver, B. 0.
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1160 Georgia Stmt
Bundiy aeirlcei, 11 a.m. and 7;S0 p.m.
Sunday sekool immediately following
monitor Mrvice. Wedneiday toitimoninl
meeting, 8 p.m. Pres reading room,
901-003 Birki Bid*.
BANKING SERVICE
*T<HE UNION BANK OF CANADA, with its chain
■I* of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking care
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad.
IW2»*NR
Established » Years
VANCOUVER SWIMMING POOL AND PLEASURE PIER
LIMITED
;Qksf%
GET YOUR SHARES WHILE YOU CAN.       INVESTIGATE, WRITE
NATIONAL SECURITIES, LIMITED, FISCAL AGENTS
2024 BEACH AVENUE i      PHONE DOUGLAS 1205
WHO WILIi GLADLY SEND  YOU  FULL INFORMATION FRIDAY a. March 27, 1925
seventeenth tear/ No. ii BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVER, b. b.
Page Three
TRICK MILK
Versus
REAL  MILK
MILK sold by certain dairies in this city is processed to make it appear richer in cream
than it really is.
This milk may be known by a very deep cream
line with a low test on the bottle cap.
Ordinary milk when stale goes sour, but processed milk goes bad and is poisonous.
Ideal milk is the milk the cow gave, and all the
processing and trickery in the world can not
equal that.
Nature in her beneficence uses the cow and sacrifices everything to the production of a perfect
food—with one aim, and that the building of
strong bodies.
Whereas, the almighty dollar is the aim of the
milk dealer whose "processing" alters the milk.
Save your "health" and your "pocket."
Buy straight cows' milk with all the cream.
Pasteurized by the most modern methods for
your protection.
9 Quarts for $1*00
FBOM THE
Ayrshire Dairy
1270 Hornby Street
Phone Sey. 6191
Power of Workers
(Continued from Page 1)
VAUDEVILLE  AT THIS ORPHEUM
Who could Imagine n more incongruous locale Cor one of the most
uproarious sketches in vaudeville
than an undertakers' convention?
Yet Robert Emmett Keane and Claire
Whitney, well-know comedy stars,
have such a vehicle, called "Room
909," which Is a big feature on the
splendid bill of vaudeville which opens at the Orpheum on Thursday,
April 2, 3, and 4.
Mile Rhea and Santore, with Alex.
Cross and Jos. Mach, Jr., a violin
virtuoso, offer "Dlvertlsments of
Vaudeville." They capably cover the
entiro dancing field, ballet dancing,
modern dancing, and acrobatic.
With the twang ot "Erin Go
Bragh," in his name and on his ruddy
face, the geninl, smiling Charles
Olcott Is returning with Polly Ann,
who leaped into vaudeville fame last
season in her first venture in the
two-a-day.
joe Darcey, the crooning blackface comedian and singer, has a new
negro story he Is broadcasting on the
Orpheum stage this week.
Walter  Davison's Louisville Loons,
DK.   FOBSYTHE,  FAMIER   GRADUATE
Chiropractor, 709 Dunamulr St.; 10 till 0.
Hey. 6798. Evrb. by appt. CourtcouK service.
theae Soy. 1198.        S12 OABBALL ST.
G. S. MASON & CO.
ElUMllhoi 1)88
A PAOIOEY POB  BEPAIB1NQ HIOH-
OBADB WATOHBS, (HOOKS,
OHBOHOHETBBS ADD JEWELBT
Antique Olocka, Chronographs, Ac.
Weather Glasses
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
Birarau, solioitoh. no.
401-401 Hetroiolttu BalMlIf
817 Haitian St. W. VABOOUVBB. B. 0.
Telephone!' Sonuu 0100 ud HIT
UNION DIRECTORY
ALLIED PBINTINO TRADES COUNCIL—
Meeti second Monday ia ths montk.    Pn*
■Ident, J. B. White; lecreUry, R, H. NmI-
_nA$. P. 0. Boi fl8. I	
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY, Rioia ill—
BIS Pender St. Wmt—Buslneti mwtlnn
•Terr Wedneider eTenUf. A. MmIbiu,
elulrmftn; E. H. Morriion, lea-treti.; Oet.
D. Harriion, 1103 Parker Street, VenwuTer,
B, 0., correeponding leereUur.
Any dlitrlet ln firitiik Colombia dnirin
Information re aeeurini ipeaker* or the (or*
motion of looal branohei, kindly oommunleato
with provlnolal SecreUry J. Ljlo Tolford,
624 Birki Bldg., Vancouver, B. 0. Tofe*
phono Soymour 1362, or Bayvlor 5520,
BAKERY HALEPMEN, LOOAL 871— MMta
■econd Thunday every month In Holdon
Building. Preaident, J, Bright well; financial
■eoretary, H. A. Bowron, 829—llth Avian*
Bait.
INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF
Boilermaker*, Iron Shipbuilder! and Help*
en of America, Local 194—Meitlagl flrst
and third Mondaya ln each month In Holden
Building. Preildent, P. Willis; iecretary, A.
Fraeer. Offlco hour*, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 5
p.m. -_-__—__----
CIVIO EMPLOYEES UNION—Meeti flrat
and third Friday* In eaoh month, at 44S
Richards Street. Preildent, David Cuthlll,
2852 Albort Street; aoeretary-treeiuror, Geo,
Hirrlion, 1162 Parker Streot.
ENGINEERS — INTERNATIONAL UNION
of Steam and Operating, Local 882—
Meete every Wedneiday at 8 p.m., Room
80e Holden Bldg. Preildent, Charles Price;
busineu agent and financial iecretary, F, L.
Hunt;   recording iecretary, J. T. Venn.
MUSICIANS' MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
UNION, Local 145, A. f. of M.—MeeU In
0.W.V.A. Auditorium, 901 Dunsmuir Street,
second Sunday at 10 a.m. President, E. 0.
Millor, 901 Nelson Street; secretary, E. A.
Jamleson, 991 Nelson Street; flnanolal iecretary, W. E. WlUiama, 991 Nelion Street;
organlaor, F. Fletcher, 991 Nelion Street.
THK VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDERATION—MeeU at i)9t Neli'jn Street, at 11
a.m. on the Tueiday preceding tbe lit Ban-
day of the month. President, Harry Pearson,
901 Nelaon Stroot; Secretary, E, A, Jomie-
■on,   091 Nelson Street; Business Agent, F.
fflotchor*. 991 Nelion St.	
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 226—Preildent, R. P. Pettiploco; vicn-prrsiilont, C.
F. Campbell j loorotary-troaaurer, R. H. neelanda, P. 0, Box 86. Meets last Sunday of
each month at 2 p.m. in Holden Building, 18
Hastings Street East.	
i'HlNCK RUPERT TYPOORAPHIOAL
UNION, No. 418—Preildeut, 8. .D. Maedonald. lecretary-treiaurer, J. M. Campbell,
p. 0. Box 889. MaeU lut Thuraday of each
month.
coming to vaudeville direet from a
two and a half year run at the Rainbow Gardens, Louisville, Ky., are the
very last word in syncopation, combining instrumental and vocal music
is soothing, charming and unique.
Alfred Latell, the world's greatest
animal actor, will present "Bonzo"
hia cleverest characterisation, assisted by Miss Dorothy Oaks. "Dyer
Wanna Fight," Is the title of the con
versatlon battlo engaged in by Lee
Rynn and Ben Pierce, which results
In the complete annihilation of Mr.
Grouch. The usual attractive pictures and Orpheum Concert Orchestra completes the bill.
BRANDON OPERA COMPANY
AT THE ORPHEUM
Miss Theo Pennington ls the charm
Ing young prima donna of the Brandon Opera company, which will present the tuneful comic operas "Robin
Hood," "The Chimes of Normandy,"
and "The Chocolate Soldier," at the
Orpheum. next Monday, Tuosday, and
Wednesday.
"I never took a vocal lesson until
I was twenty," says the young woman
who hns won a name for herself all
through the West with her golden
voice. "My parents live on a farm
near Grand Rapids, Michigan. They
encouraged my love for music, but
wanted me to confine it to the piano.
They were afraid to havo me learn to
sing lest I might be attracted to the
stage. And the stage, you know, ls
a wicked place." There was a twinkle in the brown eyes under Ithe
drooping black felt hat. "But tho
piano wns not whnt I wanted. I
had sung In the church 'choir at
home. People complimented my
voice. So when my father gave me
money to go to the fair I ran off
and took a vocal lesson instead. My
parents are now foolishly proud of
me and I have had them with me on
severnl of my tours." Miss Pennington plays the part of "The Spring
Maid," in the forthcoming opera
and sings the delightful "Day
Dreams."
Has Science Fulled?
When science subdued the forces
of nature to the service of man,
ought she not to have given leisure
to the workers that they might develop themselveB physically and intellectually; ought she not to have
changed the "vale of tears" into a
dwelling-place of peace and joy? I
ask you; Has not science failed tn
her mission of emancipation?—Paul
Laf argue.
Love of power, merely to make
flunkeys come and go for you, ts t,
love, I should think, which enters
only into the minds of persons in a
very infantine Btate.—Carlyle.
Patronize Federatlonist  advertisers
GIbmon not nteoerlbed nnl<M
abaolutelr aeceaonry. Kxiuul-
nation*, mado by S»duata
t>r»i|fiit ■peclallat.
kntlNfaction guaranteed.
We triad our own Icmm and
do repairing, Lcnaca duplicated br iiiiill.
PITMAN OPTICAL HOUSE
Formerly    Drown   Optical
IIouoo
Be   anre   of   tho   addreon
Above    Wool wor tit'o    Mtorik
near Granvillo
■alte   80,    Uavlo    Chamber*
015   Unatliiif*   Bl< W.
Phone Hey 1W1
position of social power, and solidarity
well nigh Irresistable, to the forces of
international capitalist reaction, forces
now actively engaged wrecking the
organizations of labor in every land.
Narrow Nationalism
Narrow nationalism poisons, divides,
and destroys; the blight of nationalism must be removed from the mind
of labor tn so far at least as his
economic interests are involved. United international action is the only
hope of labor,
Labor's Tusk
Labor must own, control and support its own press. Mental slavery
means physical slavery. Labor must
organize and educate the masses of
working women who are now patronised by reaction, and stampeded Into
voting for things-as-they-are. .The
woman's vote ltke woman's labor is
one of the powerful props of capitalism.
The trade unions muBt become centers of education and agitation, and
not merely a means to procure a Uttle
higher wage, nnd shorter '..ours. Thoy
must train thetr meribers in the
science of owning, controlling and administering the wealth they produce,
to protect life, ensure the masses
against poverty, dethrone greed, abolish war, secure leisure, encourage art.
humanize industry, purify politics, and
sanctify life, is the task of the labor
movoment of the twentieth century.
Timely Topics
Justice Is Wanted
(Continued from  page 1)
of the present system. By resolute
efforts we should succeed In electing
several members to the new Dominion
Parliament that will be formed as
the result of the coming elections.
These members should concentrate
their efforts to one supreme objective;
To get a Parliamentary Committee
appointed to Investigate the people
of Canada and their work. They
should ask for a report on "the numbers engaged in each line of business
and they should insist that the report should disclose what each individual In Canada was actually engaged in doing and what each was in
the habit of consuming.
Would the new government, whether
Liberal or Conservative, grant such n
committee? I am inclined to believe
that they would, for criticism could
be made so searching and pointed that
they would be compelled to act. Supposing they refused, the Socialist
members could easily make and issue
a report of their own, setting forth
the main facta clearly before the public. Tn any event public interest would
be aroused and the pnrasitlc classes
would have the sensation of their
lives.
This line of action would also be
a magnificent advertisement of socialism; we Should be adopting exactly the methods which any first
class business man would adopt if he
wns put in chargo of a big business.
He would insist in knowing the facts;
he would require a complete report
from every department. Having got
his report he would proceed to act
on the information gained, he would
cut out the deadheads and try to
devise more efficient methods of
working and administration.
Socialism is a business method, not
merely flabby sentiment and rhetoric
We arc going to introduce improved
methods of doing our necessary work
and we nre going to share up both
tho labor and the proceeds more equitably and thereby make a great advance In the science and pactise of
living on this Earth,
It was St. Poter who wrote "Nevertheless we, according to his promise,
look for new heavens and a new earth,
wherein dwelleth righteousness."
This cuggestion of n Parliamentary
committeo to examine into the doings
of every Individual and every natuuni
resource In the country was laid before the Hon. Sydney Webb, tbe well-
known lender of the Fabian Society,
he replied, "Your suggestion of a
committee to examine and report on
tho nation is very interesting. When
you know tbe facts.   What?"
We will endeavor to nnswer his
very sensible question In on next article.
Ooro and Prejudice
In what little, low, dark cells of
care and prejudice, without one soaring thought of melodious fancy, do
poor mortals forever creep! And yet
tbe sun sets today as gloriously
bright as lt ever did on tho temples
of Athens, and tho evening star rises
as heavenly pure as it rose on the
eye of Dante.—Margaret Fuller.
Laborltes will be greatly helping
the Labor Movemont by pushing the
sale of The B. 0. Fedorationist.
Get your workmate to subscribe for
The Federatlonist.
MUSICIANS'
UNION LABEL
Mutual PtoS):
ANADA nnd U. ». A.
I Union MusiciansEmpbyed Exclusively f
LEND YOUR PATRONAGE TO THE
MUSICIANS' LABEL.
Janet Smith Case
T\OTJBTLESS there are some anxious
souls in Vancouver since the Chinese boy has disappeared from the
Baker home. We are firmly of the
opinion that someone knows a lot
more than they are Inclined to tell.
There are a lot of things which go
on ln high society these days that,
were they to be performed amidst
humbler surroundings, would never
be tolerated. They say, "Money
talks." We are inclined to believe
that It can do almost anything—lf
there is enough of it. Certainly, In
our opinion at least, a few individuals rather intimately associated
with this affair are meandering far
away.
Cure For Doukhobor Ills
Someone suggests that "British
justice" is the cure. We are not certain, in our own minds, just what
their "real illness" is; but, when It
comes to suggesting that British justice will cure, we are prone to be
skeptical. We have so many ailments among our own native-born
Canadians; and we have, aB yet,
failed to see any curative effect
from our so-called justice. We know
that thousands of men, women and
children In this Dominion are on the
verge of destitution, and the only
cure that "British Justice" has to
offer is to put them In Jail, that they
may have a few' free meals. If we
had a little more real common-sense,
and less of our so-called justice, we
might be better off ourselves, and, in
all probability, the Doukhobors are
ln a similar position.
* *    •
Optimism on tlio Prairies
We have been informed through
the medium of our dally press that
there Is being enjoyed on the prairies
a greater spirit of optimism than
they have enjoyed for the past ten
years. We know that such is far
from being the case; but we suppose
our daily press considers that "another little He won't do them any
harm." If there is optimism, it certainly is not nmong the farmers.
* •   •
Things are getting so bad in Lancashire—some things, that Is—that
people are really trying to find out
the cause. "The big combines have
made big profits and paid substantial dividends." However, according
to one old country paper, things
aren't too bad in some directions.
One writer has conceived the brilliant Idea of lowering the dyeing
prices, which he considers are the
cauBe of Lancashire's blight. He
doesn't say anything about the dividends, so we presume that the worker is to suffer.
I *    *   •
And while thousands are literally
on the verge of starvation in the old
land, the Prince of Wales is making
preparations, or rather preparations
aro being made for him, to tour
South Africa, "for diplomatic reasons," and the cost thereof will be
princely. Not that the people mind;
oh, no. They transfer his happiness
to themselves and forget their own
miseries In contemplation of luxuries
for the prince and a retinue of well-
kept parasites.
* *    o
The birds and animals In the London zoological gardens are to be protected against fog by the installation of electric light—so precious Is
life in these days of civilization. And
yet In London alone there are thousands who haven't a decent roof to
their heads. There's a society for
the prevention of cruelty to animals,
but none for the protection of those
who havo evolved a few steps fur*
ther.
* •    •
The enemies of socialism accuse us
of being envious. Wo don't deny It
altogether. When we see unnecessary waste, on the one hand, squalid
poverty on tho other, nnd the hard-
pressed middle class in between, we
naturally break the tenth commandment.
* •    *
The little handful of radicals In
the English parliament, who occasionally boil over with indignation,
are often accused of stretching the
truth when they describe conditions
In Glasgow, for instance, Even In
our own fair city thero are those
wbo, because they bave never seen
whnt really exists, smile skeptically.
But several cities are in process of
being cleaned up. In Manchester n
commission has been nt work trying
to solve tho mystery of the slums,
which in reality fs no mystery.
+    ♦    *
They have decided thut vagrancy
in the case of children Is mainly due
to a desire to get away from appalling conditions. By "appalling conditions" they mean such things ns a
family of ten living in a two-roomed
"houso" In areas that are nothing
but plnguo spots and whero undertakers literally jostle one another!
whero tuberculosis claims a third of
tho deaths, and where infant mortality is extremely high.
* *    *
To some extent the people of Canada and otber new countries bogan
whero tho older countries loft off
(they seem to have left off, so slow
do improvements come), and wo can
expect conditions to be bettor. But
the question is, just how long will
it lako conditions to fall to standard
of living in lho older countries, In
viow of tho mud immigration policy
and tlio consequent unomploymont,
One provincinl government, at least,
Is trying to solvo tho problem—by
deportation.
OET A NEW NUBBCKIBKR
Tho greatest nflfltstance that tlw
readers of Thn FL-dernilnnlst can render us nt. this time. Is by securing n
now sulwrrllx-r. By doing so you
spread tho nous of tho working cIom
movement and assist us,
Farmer Problem
(Continued from Page 1)
duced—Is usually frightfully small.
Upon some occasions, and unfortunately, such occasions are only, too
common— the farmer is charged for
the prlvlllge of supplying the consumer, rather than being paid for the
the services he rendered. Such circumstances have arisen more than
once In the Okanagan region^ especially among the fruit-growers.
Were the consumers to profit by
such a state of affairs, we might see
somo slight reason for continuing to
tolerate It—while selfishness ls the
dominating influence in life. But
even this condition does not exist.
The consumer today has to pay handsomely, for all he gets. Now the
natural question is, where Is the great
cost arising from, and who is benefiting thereby. Briefly, lt ls the result of the "profits" exacted by everyone, who directly or indirectly is
living off the farmer.
The implement manufacturer exacts his toll of profits; the railroads
demand a profit on everything they
carry to and from the farmer. Every
commission agent, or representative
who goes into a farming community
to buy or sell must of necessity have
his Balary paid out of the products
of the soil, the wholesale houses demand their pound of flesh; and every
retailer must have his. It can be
readily seen that if these institutions
insist upon ever being a burden upon
the farmer's hack, that eventually,
he will break down under the burden—a burden that even today Is
destroying the life of our agriculturalists in the whole Dominion of
Canada.
Pasteurized MUk
The Ayrshire Dairy has made public that if people were "given sound
food the need for vaccination in Vancouver, would quickly be removed
from the board." Wholesome cows
milk is essential to the health of
the community. If It is not nutritious then the bodies of everyone,
especially children, become weakened
and quickly fall a prey to disease of
which there are many kinds, but all
have a common cause and that Is
improper/ feeding. Hollis Godfrey,
authority on public health, states
that "when milk is processed and the
constituents changed putrlfactlon
quickly takes place and such milk
becomes poisonous." Processed milk
may bo known by a very deep cream
li'ne—with a low test on the bottle
cap. In fact, when tested, it is found
below average quality. It is alleged
that milk sold by certain dairies in
the city ls processed to make it appear richer in cream than it really
is. The Ayshire Dairy, 1270 Hornby
street pasteurizes all Its milk by modern methods for the protection of
the public.
OOBPOBATION OP POINT OBEY
TENDERS FOB SEWER
CONSTRUCTION
SEALED TENDERS addressed to tho undersigned will bo recoived by the council
up tn 8 o'clock p.m. on Monday, March 30,
for tho construction of the following sewers:
Vino stroet from half block north of Forty-
ninth avenue to Forty-fifth avenue.
Forty-seventh avenue, Balsam street, to Yew
street.
Dunbar   street,    Thirty-seventh    avenuo    to
Thirty-sixth  avonuo.
Thirty-sixth avenue, Dunbar to Colllngwood
streots.
Thirty-sixth avenuo, McKenzie to Carnarvon
streots,
Thirty-eighth   avenue,   Dunbar   to   Blenheim
street...
Thirty-ninth   avenuo,   Dunbar   to   Balaclava
streets.
Thirty-ninth avenne, McKenzie to Carnarvon
streets.
Seventeenth avenue, Macdonald strert, westerly.
Forms of tender, specificntions and full
information may he obtalnod on application
to tho Municipal Engineer on payment of
tho sum of $5, which will bo returned on
receipt of a bona fido tondor.
A deposit by certified cheque of ton (10)
per cent, of tho amount tendered will bo
required with each tender as security tbat
tbo tenderer will, if called upon, enter Into
a contract, and provido the required bond
for tho performance of the work.
Tbe lowest or ony tender not necessarily
accepted,
HENRY FLOYD,
0. M. C.
Municipal Hnll, 5851 West Boulevard,
Vancouvor, B. C., March 20, 1925.
NOTICE TO HOUSEHOLDERS
FROM March *j;irU to April 4th, inclusive,
a rrnsonablo quantity of extra refuse.
If placed beside the garbage cans, will he
removed hy Scavenging Department free of
charge. Enquiries at J'liono Sey. B4B8.
120 Union Street.
WM.   McQUEEN,
March 20th,  1B25. City Clerk-
OITY OP VANCOUVER
TENDERS FOR PIPE
THE undorsigned will receivo tenders for
approximately twelvo (12) miles of
steel pipe (88 In., 32 In. nnd 26 In. rliam.}.
Plfius and specifications may ho obtained
at lho office of tbe Vlty Engineor, on receipt of a deposit of twenty-fivo dollars
($25.00), which will be refunded on return
of the plans nnd specifications in good condition.
Tenders, endorsed "Tender for Steol
Pipe," to be received nt the office of the
undersigned not Inter thnn 3 p.m. on lho
21st  April,   1025.
A certified check equivalent fivo per cent.
(5-%) of the amount of tho tender must
accompany each bid.
Tbo lowest or any tender not necessarily
accepted.
JAMES  STUART,
Purchasing Agent.
City of Vnncouvor,
City HaU.
TENDERS WANTED
rpiIK undersigned will receivo tenders ftp
1 to 12 o'clock Tuesday, April 7, for tho
supply of 1500 ynrds of uniform Navy Blue
Serge Cloth, width 58 Inches, and to weigh
not less tlmn 22 ozs. per yard. Delivery—
700 ynrds August, 1025; BOO ynrds December, 1025, Humpies nnd marked ehequo for
57, of bid must accompany tendor.
JAMES STUART,
City Purchasing Agent.
PAINTS
Shingle Stains, Etc.
AT LOW PRICES
IMPERIAL
PORE PAINT
-^_j)_flff ]____»>-,
R|j>l>VF()RUSMNSIDEAIIOlW5lfi
HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY
■■WORPORATED 1*70
"IMP-SUV' PURE FAINT
A high-grade standard paint,
suitable for house decoration and protection; one gallon will cover 360 square
feet, 2 coats. Shown ln
shades of buff, light brown
and dark brown; light grey,
silver grey, lead, light green
and blue.
GAl_LONS—
Price	
■A GALLONS—
Price	
QUARTS—
Price	
In White, Cram and Deep
Green
GALLONS—
Price	
tt GALLON-
Prlce	
QUARTS—
Price	
$4.75
$2.50
$1.40
$4.95
$2.60
$1.50
"Sunfast" Creosote shingle Stains
In red, light brown, dark brown and medium brown.
Per 4 GALLONS  ...
In Light and Dark Green—
Per 4 GALLONS 	
$5.50
$6.80
Porch Paints—Made especially to stand hard wear on #|    Aft
porch or steps; In 2 shades, grey and slate.   Per quart 91 r**\t
Berry Bros.' Liquid Granite Floor or Linoleum Varnish—Quick
drying, hard wearing, with a fine gloss finish.
_  GALLON—Ao   nm    QUARTS—do A    PINTS— *|    ||\
Price *4>0.00   Price <p£   price Jpl.lW
Kyanize Floor Enamels—For old and new floors, interior wood
work, furniture, etc. Flows easily, dries quickly; in shades of
brown, grey, yellow, drab and green.
QUARTS— A | ftft PINTSt—
Price  -J) 1.01/        Price	
90c
U IMCOHPOWATCD  *•_*«» muy  |«70 Jf **V   l
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Unlike the revolutionaries of Burope, the British people have not
known feudalism for ages. By common consent they could completely
alter their whole constitution in the
passing of a bill, without the brandishing of as much as a penknife.—
Voice of Labor, Dublin.
As To Robbers
How can you havo justice when
you   put  private  robbers  in  prison
while public robbers are seen In purple and gold?—Cato.
Free Speech
Courts and Juries are not the
Judges in such matters. For instance,
lf a man thinks that either a despotism, or an oligarchy, or a republic, or even no government at all, la
the bost way of conducting human
affairs, he Is at perfect liberty to ear
so. . . . He may try to perauad.
others to share his views.—Lord Col*
ertdge.
We patronize those who patron!..
THE BELL
Reproducing
Piano
Presents Musical Perfection
Afi its nume Implies, this instrument Reproduces
with tho utmost precision and fidelity, musical
compositions so skilfully and distinctly, with
every delicate tone or majestic crescendo ns
originally executed, that It is considered the
crowning reutilre in thc production of musical
Instruments.   To hear It Is to A *| QCA
appreciate It.    Priced nt only..
TOWNLEY & WARD, LTD.
443 Hastings Street West
Phone Sey. 2444 Corner Richards
THE CHOICE OF THE UNIONS
CATTO'S
VERY OLD HIGHLAND WHISKY
THOROUGHLY    MATURED-ONB    OF    THE    MOST    POPULAR
BRANDS   AT   THE   GOVERNMENT  STORES
OOLD LABEL
16-YEAR-OLD
Ask fo, CATTO'S.    For nle at all Government Liquor Store.
*1U« od.ortUomont If not pobllibod er dl,p!_r**_ b, th. tiejut Control Botrd or
by tto OoTonuaont of BrltUh Oolnmbi. *
Freeh  Cut  Flowora, Funnrol Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot PlanU,
Ornamental and Shade Trees. Stwis, Bull)., Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSKKYMEN
4—STOKES—4
4S Butlng. Stmt E«it Say. 988*072    ooo annuls stroot      s.„   or,. ....
151 Hull.,, stroot w..t soy. 1370    1047 tenVta strmwilt'"j l_l*l.',l
  "SAT IT WITH FLOWEBS" 	
QTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel
u McClary's, Pawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399 /
Page Four
SEVENTEENTH YEAH.     No.   13   BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVER, B. C.
FRIDAY March   27,   1925
Support the Waterfront Merchants in Their Efforts to
=—=Procnre Overhead Bridge at Carrall Street=—=
TWO STORKS
8-12 CORDOVA SI'. WEST 550 MAIN STREET
Phones: Soy ll.1S-l-l.1-i
Phone: Sey. 1!!7_
Kirk Hardware
Limited
Wood, Vallance & Leggat Old Store
WHOLESALE and RETAIL
GENERAL HARDWARE
AUTO ACCESSORIES, SPORTING GOODS, CROCKERY,
FAINTS and OILS
Telephone: Seymour 1053
Red Star Drug Store
The Mail Order
Druggist
Corner CORDOVA and CARRALL STREETS
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Overhead Foot Bridge Across the C. P. R. Tracks at
Carrall Street Approved by Civic Railways and
Bridges Committee-Work Will Start Soon
-An Absolute Necessary Undertaking
PT13R   a   number   Of   years   0*f°    Passengers over  the  Pacific  Great'
Eastern   railway   from   the   Cariboo,
Wonder Lunch
224 Carrall Street
THE BIGGEST AND BEST MEAL IN VANCOUVER AT POPULAR PRICES
WE USE YOU RIGHT
STANLEY
HOTEL
21 Cordova Street
West
Hot and Cold Water in Every Room
Telephones, Clothes Closets
88 Comfortable Rooms
A Large and New Rotunda
BEER PARLOR IN CONNECTION
Harry Watson       Thos. Taylor
Proprietors
earnest agitation by merchants
and others, the construction of an
overhead footbridge across the C.
P. R. tracks at the foot of Car-
rail street has received favorable
consideration by the civic railways
and bridges committee. The recommendation that tenders be called for
the work will come before the next
meeting of the city council. The
building of the proposed structure
Will be accomplished within the next
month.
Opening Carrall streot to the Union Steamship wharf would be of
great assistance and/accommodation to
250,000 or more people annually, who
at present nre compelled to make 'a
long round about detour to reach
the«e docks, via the 'dangerous nnd
congested level crossing at the Toot
of Columbia street.
More than a quarter of a million
Vancouver citizens—men, women and
children—every year are passengers
to coast resorts. They have the usual responsibilities of children in
arms, luggage, etc., nnd are exposed
to danger in trying to reach the Union
Steamship company's docks.
Besides there are some 5,000 passengers to and from the. various logging camps, canneries and mine^, not
to mention the tourist traffic, who
travel this route the year round.
Seventy-five per cent of all B. C,
coast logging companies, ennneries,
pulp and paper companies, and mining companies, aro dependent on
these wharves at foot of Carrall street
and the present route is a source of
much inconvenience and delay.
from
Lillooet and northern inland B. C,
points embark or arrive directly at
the foot of Carrall street.
Two steamers, each carrying 1100
passengers, leave this dock daily.during summer months carrying picnic
parties, tourists, etc., for Bowen Island, Selma Pnrk, Squamlsh and many
other points.
Every street car line with passengers from every district of greater
Vnncouver, Westminster and Fraser
valley lines are brought in vory clori
touch to these wharves via Carrail
street,
Columbia avenue crossing, over
C. P. R. tracks, owing to congestion
of traffic, necessitates gates which
can he closed legally for periods of
five minutes to allow frequent passage and shunting of trains at this
point.
Here frequently thc delay is from
10 to IB minutes, owing to this fact
passengers have often missed their
boat.
One matter should not be over
looked, namely, the lighting of Car-
rail street. This thoroughfare when
the overhead bridge has been opened,
will be traversed by thousands of pedestrians and automobiles both day
and night. It will be therefore necessary to have both sides of the
street well illuminated with the lights
that are being installed in other parts
of the city, extending from Hastings
street to the water front. Preparations should he made at once for this.
By diverting thc pedestrian traffic,
seeking the before mentioned docks
to the natural approach by an over-
'head foot passenger bridge at the
foot of Carrall street, the danger of
accidents at the present crossing will
be greatly decreased.
The cost entailed in constructing
the suggested foot-bridge will be
comparatively small. With the early
approach of spring, the logging and
cannery season, its benefits will be
fully appreciated and approved by
nearly every visitor, customer, business man and citizen of Vancouver.
The civic railways and bridges committee, we are pleased to note, has
considered that the foregoing facts
are vital contributions to Vancouver's
safety as well as .'prosperity. His
worship Mayor Taylor is strongly in
favor of pushing this very necessary
work to completion.
Aid. Woodside states tlmt tlie city
council will approve of the recommendation of thc railways and bridges
commit: cc, and it is expected thnt
work on the overhead bridge will bc
started next week.
Tlie Federatlonist will report progress being made towards building
thc bridge from time to time.
BOOSTER FOR THK OVERHEAD
BRIDGE
AMONG thia many supporters of the
proposed overhead bridge over
the C. P. R. tracks at Carrall street,
must be mentioned W. A. (Doc)
Stephens, of the Red Star Drug Store.
For' Sovernl years he has been untiring in his efforts, spending both time
and money, to secure this very necessary structure for the safety of the
public. Being a progressive merchant
he is popular with the loggers, miners
and others.
Oriental Question
(Continued from page 1)
tion for the economic advantage thus
obtained. Likewise when the same
class of labor quits selling labor
of lahor, it Is always to the economic disadvantage of those who wish
power, and instead sells the products
to avoid business competition.
This fs, then, the main reason why
so many of our business men are
supporting the move for Oriental exclusion. These same business men
have for years been buying both Oriental labor and the products of sue,
labor, and now that it is working out
to their economic detriment, they
are asking the workers to "pull their
chestnuts out of the fire".
So far as the worker is concerned,
If the Oriental will confine his competition to the business concerns who
brought him here In the flrst place,
and thereby keep off the labor market, he might do more good than
harm In the present situation. But
he is still on the labor market in
many cases, and Is kept there at the
behest of the business men, who are
so loud mouthed in their protests
against them engaging in business
competition.
In all probability, the average person ls unaware that many Orientals
pay'for their jobs, particularly on
certain railroads operating in this
province, in the case of the Great
Northern Hallway company, when
track workers are needed, discrimination In favor of Orientals as against
white workers is clearly shown. This
Is brought about in /the following
manner, ' The section foreman, for
example, when needing help, will
communicate to an organization
known as the "Oriental Trading company," otherwise designated as the
"O. T. do.," which company will supply the men needed, and, it can naturally be assumed, that the men supplied will be Orientnls.
How this particular compnny operates is interesting, nnd reveals a
light on the Oriental question which
should be noted by all organizations
interested In the problem. The,, men
supplied by this company nro required
to sign a contract agreeing to pay
said company one half a cent for each
hour that they work for the G. N.
R., and another charge of one dollar
per month to defray office expenses
of said O, T. Co. Theso items when
totalled together make an aggregate
of about $25.00 per year, which the
Orientals supplied, pay for their jobs.
In othor words ns the name of the
compnny indicates, they are "trading
In Orientals." To make suro that t'he
laborers pay this amount, the wages
due them by the railway company,
nre paid through the O. T. Co., nnd
these fees are deducted from thoir
pay cheques. This would indicate
that the said O. T. Co., must be working in conjunction with the G. N. R.
hj.lt is generally understod that lt Is
Ule/ral to sell jobs, hut thc above
would tend to show that tho law can
be repudiated by such concerns with
impunity and Ignored by the governments supposed to enforco such law.
It Is worthy of note thnt the G.
N. R. docs not maintain an employment office, nor does It make any
demand on lho govornment employment agency for men, leaving the hiring of the help entirely to the judgment of the foreman.
Quite recently one of Vancouver's
unemployed, ft white man, who hns
had considerable experience in track
work, accosted one of the foremen
on the G. N. it., and applied for work,
'he foreman In this case was a Japanese. The applicant was told lhat
there were no vacancies. But the
next morning, howfevor, to his surprise while passing the same plnco,
he observed four new workers, all
Orientals, ,\v or Icing on the same gnng.
This will serve to show as one ex-
ample, at' all events, how it Is that
tho mnjority of track workers on this
railroad nre Orientals, and furthermore, the difficulty that white men
encounter in obtaining that kind of
work. In other words, the Oriental
Is fleeced coming and going. It is a
plain case of extortion, nnd should be
assailed wy white men as well ns
Orientnls. It is possible that there
mny be other organizations who ox-
tract money from men in order to
hold jobs. They nlso should be abolished. It is bad enough to he exploited on tho job without having to
pay for the privilege of making profits for others.
If the Native Sons and the returned soldiers organizations, now ngtlat-
ing for Oriental exclusion, would attack the O. T. Co., and other such
concerns they would be accomplishing
more good than they would otherwise in providing sport for provincial
and dominion politicians.
The time has come for all to combat to the utmost all job trusts,
whether it be such concerns as referred to, aiming to get preference for
Orientals on railroad work, or u Native Son organization trying to get
job preference for those who accl-
dently were born in Canada, or returned soldier bodies aiming to have
ex-service men to take the places of
others in the order of preference, or
any other job manipulating agency,
they should be assailed, by all those
who have nothing to lose but their
chains. When we have delved into
the inner workings of the society in
which we live, and thereby learn that
those who control the jobs, by which
we live, control us, we will not absorb
so much of our time, excluding Orientals, but will exclude those who
have brought them here to lower our
standard of living.
"Red Herrings"
(Continued From Page 1.)
admitted the acting minister of finance, "unless it is that he wants
Canada to adopt the methods which
were tried out In Russia and which
were a failure." How could any honest dog keep the trail after that?
Now on February 23rd last it was
agreed that a "revision of the rules
is desirable," and a special committee was appointed to "consider and
report upon such revision." Many
criticisms and complaints were aired,
but not one voice was raised against
the worst offender of them all—the
rod herring in politics!
British Agricultural Workers
Women and girl workers engaged
In British agriculture number 62,000,
classed as regular, and 47,000 classed
us casual. There are 582,000 regular
male workers and 115,000 casuals.
Socialist Papers
The socialist press in the Argentine now comprises two daily papers,
32 weeklies and a bi-monthly review,
Phone Sey. 504
CENTRAL
DRUG STORE
C. D. Gillanders
16 CORDOVA ST. W.
VANCOUVER, B.C.
E. V. McKEE
MEN'S OUTFITTERS
FULL RANGE OF
LOGGERS', PROSPECTORS'. SEAMEN AND
LONGSHOREMEN'S SUPPLIES
CARRIED
6 CORDOVA ST. W. VANCOUVER, B. C.
NEW FOUNTAIN
 HOTEL	
JOSEPH THOMPSON, Prop.
HOT AND COLD WATER IN EVERY ROOM
BEER PARLOR IN CONNECTION
50 ROOMS. CATER to LOGGERS and MINERS
NEWLY RENOVATED
GIBSON'S
DAIRY PRODUCE
"FARM TO CONSUMER"
"MEADOW VALLEY" CREAMERY BUTTER
B. C. FRESH EGGS
MILK, CREAM, WHIPPING CREAM
BUTTER MILK      ICE CREAM
7 Hastings Street West
Opp. Pantages Theatre
GRAND HOTEL
24 Water Street
CLARK & KANE, Proprietors
The Workers' Home
UNION   STEAMSHIPS
SAIL ON REGULAR SCHEDULE THROUGHOUT THE YEAR WITH PASSENGERS AND FREIGHT
To All NORTHERN BRITISH COLUMBIA PORTS,   LOGGING CAMPS,   CANNERIES,
MINING CENTRES and HOLIDAY RESORTS
FOR ALL INFORMATION REGARDING THE MOST REFRESHING CRUISES-FROM ONE HOUR TO A WEEK-THROUGH THE
THRILLING INLAND WATERWAYS, PASSENGER RESERVATIONS AND FREIGHT ENQUIRIES
Phone Sey. 306, or Call at Head Office, UNION DOCK, Foot of Carrall St., VANCOUVER, B. C.
Union Steamship Co. of British Columbia Limited
HAROLD BROWN.
General Manager
^
^^^■■■i

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