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British Columbia Federationist Feb 29, 1924

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Published in the Interests of All Wage-Earners
Ml S
What Ii Wron^dtti the Working
Clu» MoveW in
This Oity1
[By Tom Rlehardion, ex-M.P,
jFTB THINK it Ib perfectly true to
" Bay that on this western ooaat ln
particular," over the last twenty-flve
ears, in the sum total, a tremendous
mount of labor and socialist propaganda has been done by varlouB
>ranches of the labor and sooialist
novement (Industrial and. political),
ind yet what do we flnd Is the actual
ituatlon today? Industrially, trades
inionism is not In a healthy condition.
Only a very small percentage of even
he manual workerB are organized,
n the big department stores, ware-
Houses and business houses tn general,
here la hot any semblance of organisation among the workers, either men
or women. Politically the situation
a very similar. An abBence of organized effort on the part of the workers
;o use their political power for their
economic and social emancipation, Is
only too evident, lt would not be
Without Interest to endeavor to analyze some, at least, of the major causes
of the aforesaid, but we think that it
would be more profitable for us to
accept the tacts, face them with courage and high resolve and ask ourselves, one and all, what of the future?
The late Keir Hardie, founder of
he British Labor party, in a speech
lellvered in 1897, said: "The labor
novement ts an attempt to enable the
working claas to realize Itself, its
houghts and Its aspirations. At
>resent the people is a formless,
ihapeless and voiceless mass, or at
eaat an infant crying for the light
ind with no language but a cry. We
vlll change all this by developing the
elf respect and manhood of the
rorkers and placing labor ao strongly
m Its feet, that It will begbie to
tand alone without the aid of political
rutchea, whether these be labelled
beral or conservative, The working
law Is the nation upon which the
o-called upper claws are but para-
itlc growths. The Ubor movement
rill dethrone the parasites and put
he nation in power?"
It waa not until aome yeara after
hla declaration that Keir Hardie was
returned   to  the  British   Parliament
nd, In very truth was a  John the
laptlat In the wilderness, but today
e have a labor and socialist government In Britain.    The    success    atoned In the old land la due to many
auses, but the two prime factors un-
oubtedly are, the   development   of,
.nd growing solidarity of the trades
nlon  movement  on  the  one  hand,
nd tne highly    organized    political
effort of   the   workers on the other
And until we, here ln British Co-
mbia set ourselves the taak of:  (a)
rganizing  Industrially 'every eligible
an and woman ln their respective
•ades unions;   and (b) organize po-
-tlcally with the Idea in both departments of attaining the united front,
Ithout which   the   workers cannot
'ope to free themselves.    Education.
ganlzatlon,   consistency,   continuity
effort alone will bring about the
itlmate triumph.
Dr. Emerson Set MCh Some of
the Difficnltk^i Dealing
, addressed
Shu Do Move
; It Is leSB than fifteen years ago
hen the "Suffragettes" were storm-
jig Downing street, and now Market Bondfleld Is almost a minister
the crown. The old country does
I There can be no real independence
fcr labor until the people own the
leans of wealth production and dls-
II but ion.
Vancouver Typo. Union No.
226, at Its Regular Meet -
ing on Sanday
(President It. P. Pettipiece occupied
pe chair at the monthly meeting of
hnccuver Typographical union, held
Sunday afternoon. There was a
be attendance of members. W. Tol-
fday was Initiated as a journeyman
Lem ber of the union, while Duncan
fampbell and W. Weaver were admitted to two-thirds membership. The
Lquest of the Amputations assocla-
\n for support ln their campaign to
fccure a stabilization of pensions and
Ilowances, was unanimously endorsed.
j Much time was taken up ln the nomination of officers of the Interna-
Lnal; each member seeking nomlna-
Jm muat secure sufficient backing
|om the various locals before they
be accepted as a candidate, and,
I a result of the ballot, the foliow-
|g  were  endorsed  for the various
Isltlons on the executive of the International body: For president, Chas.
Howard; first vice-president, Geo.
Beach;  second vice-president,  W.
[. Trotter; secretary-treaaurer, Win.
Aldrich;   delegatea  to American
federation  of Labor—Prank  Morri-
a meeting of his conatltuents In
the Richard hall, South Wellington,
on Sunday night laat. He was supported on the platform by Tom Richardson, ex-M. P., of Vancouver. D.
W. Richards waa voted to the chair.
Mr, Guthrie, ln the course of what
was conceded to be a very instructive
address, spoke at considerable length
on the subject of the Compensation
act. He showed, by quoting from the
records of the proceedings of the
house of assembly at Victoria, that he
and his labor colleagues had, In each
of the last three sessions of the house,
endeavored to have substantial
amendments to the Compensation act
Introduced before parliament. Invariably they have been ruled out of order, primarily on the ground that
such amendments involved increased
expenditure, and that only the government could submit;, to the house
such proposal. Mr. Guthrie made it
quite cloar that the procedures of the
house and the ruling of Mr. Speaker
were designedly created to restrict the
activities of private members. "And,"
said Mr. Guthrie, "so it will remain
until the workers of the province send
to that house sufflclent numbers of
socialist and labor members, whose
business It will be to make the machinery of parliament work effectively
and. efficiently in the interests of the
Mr. Guthrie spoke at length on the
subjects of unemployment and immigration, pointing out that whilst
the government refused to provide ln
the estimates a single cent for unemployment, that ln the estimates for
1922 and 1928, $50,000 and $20,000
respectively were provided tor Immigration purposes.
In concluding his speech, Mr.
Guthrie urged upon the miners present the urgent need of organlutlon,
both industrial and political. He reminded them that the employers were
well organized, both inside and out-
tilde of the house of assembly. "When
the workers ln the province," said the
speaker, "are able to make their
power felt In the parliament buildings, as ls done by the employera today, a new day will have dawned for
the workers.
Tom Richardson waa next called on
by the chairman. In his Introductory
remarks, he said that there were two
things about Comrade Guthrie that
both friends and opponents would be
agreed upon. First, that he was a
straight shooter; and, second, that he
was at all times loyal to his class. I
suspect, said the speaker, that explains the attempt on the part of the
liberal government to aseaslnate him
politically, by gerrymandering the
Newcastle riding, but they will not
succeed. Referring to the success of
the political labor movement in' the
old land, Mr. Richardson said that
whilst it was true that economic con
ditions was a factor ln bringing about
the great change, he pointed out that
the three major factors were: Industrial organization, political organization; and, probably more than either,
was the magnificent educational and
propaganda work done, not only by
public meetings and mass demonstrations, but particularly by the systematic production of their own literature
dealing with every phase of local, na*
tional and international questions.
Thia was particularly true of the Independent Labor party. He aald further: "Until we here In Canada organize, and educate and produce our
own literature, in like manner, we
cannot hope to overthrow the capitalist system." In concluding, he urged
those present to give special attention
to the registration of the voters, and
to see' that every man and woman eligible to vote, had their name on the
register, and he further urged them
to at once to get ready for the next
election, which would undoubtedly
come in the near future.
At the close, several questions were
asked of the two speakers, to the mutual advantage of both speakers- and
the audience. Dr, Emerson, who waa
present, In a brief speech, set forth
aome of the difficulties he had encountered ln dealing with cases of accidents In the mines. His contribution was n\uch appreciated.
Federated Labor Party
The Federated Labor party Will
hold Its annual rally tomorrow (Saturday) evening at 8 p.m. The gathering will take place in OddfellowH'
hall, corner Sixth avenue and Main
street. Short addresses will be delivered by Mrs. Stuart Jamleson and
Sam Guthrie, M..L. A. Music, refreshments and dancing.
son, George H. Knell, A. A, Couch,
Charles A. Banbon and Wm, J, Robinson; delegate to Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada—George W. Howard; trustees Union Printers' Home—
Walter B, Arne and Edward Cunningham. .
have no water
The Man Who Pay.—WW. the use of mending one or two little hole, in the dun while the Other, are let grow larger all the time?   I'll
ater to run the machinery soon at thit rate* -
Charles Dickens Wrote Articles
on Need of Hore Houses
Seventy Tears Ago
He Scathingly Exposed "Tranquility" Policy of Oovernment of the Day _
[Town Crier, Birmingham]
TVTOW that we appear to be within
sight of a real housing policy, It
is interesting to note that seventy
years ago Charles Dickens was writing articles'on housing which read as
though they were written for the
London Daily Herald of today. A
recent issue of the Clarion contained
an article reprinted from Household
Words, of September, 1854, at the
time of the Cholera outbreak in London, ln which Dickens scathingly exposed the "tranquility" policy of the
government of the day.   Dickens says:
"It behooves every journalist, at
this time when the memory of an awful pestilence Is fresh among us, and
Its traces are visible at every turn ln
various uffecting aspects of poverty
and desolation, which any of us can
see who are not purposely blind, to
warn his readers, whatsoever be their
ranks and conditions, that unless they
set themselves in earnest to Improve
the towns In which they live, and to
amend the dwellings of the poor, they
are guilty, before God, of wholesale
Dickens went on to tell his readers
that the rulers of his day, "in their
contest for place, power and patron
age, loaves and fishes, distracted the
working man's attention from his flrst
necessities." Then he continued as
"May wo venture to remark that
this most momentous ot aU earthly
questions Is one we are not now urging for the flrst time. Long" before
this Journal came Into existence, we
systematically tried to turn Fiction to
the good account of showing the preventable wrtechedness and misery ln
which the mass of the people dwell,
and of expressing again and again the
conviction, founded upon observation,
that the reform of their habitations
must precede all other reforms; and
that without it, all other reforms must
fall. Neither religion nor education
will make any way, in this nineteenth
century of Christianity, until a Christian government shall have discharged
Its flrst obligation, and secured to the
people homes, Instead' of polluted
Remember, this was written ln
The solution of the housing problem, said Charles Dickens, lay with
the workers themselves.
'.Let the working people, in the
metropolis, ln any one great town, but
turn their intelligence, their energy,
their numbers, their power of union,
their patience, their perseverance, ln
this straight direction In earnest—and
by Christmas they shall flnd a government ln Downing street and a house
of commons within halt of it, possessing not the faintest family resemblance to the indlfferents and the In-
capables last heard of In that slumberous neighborhood. It Is only
through a government bo acted upon
and so forced to acquit itaelf of Its
flrst responsibility that the Intot-
able ills arising from the present na-
Delivers Address at Montreal—
Many Political Institutions
Oould Be Sofapped
Recently at Montreal, J. S. Woods-
worth, M. P. for Ctntre Winnipeg,
gave a lengthy address, in which he
mentioned a great many thingB that
ought to be scrapped. Changes in
certain affairs of the church economics, Industrialism and criminal lawa
of Canada were all considered Important. He believed that many political institutions could be scrapped.
They were made for other days. He
remarked that for the working man,
political life waB so far removed from
him that he hardly was able to know
how the casting of a ballot would affect him. He made brief reference to
the accession of the Labor party to
power in Great Britain. He remarked
that the Canadian labor party was
twenty years behind the British labor
movement, and expressed the hope
that in a "very short twenty years,
the Canadian Labor party would be
In a similar happy position as the
party in Britain. He said lt was a
fact not generally known, but never
theless true, that the constitution ot
the Labor party in Britain is a social
istlc one. It stood for a complete
economic change. If successful in
this object, the Labor party would Institute some form of associated control for private control of industry
production for use rather than pro>
duetion for profits; co-operation for
competition. Such a change would
have to be world-wide to be entirely
successful. Recognition of Russia
was a move of the new government
approved of by the speaker.
The question was asked: Is a man
free ln Canada? The speaker argued
that from the professions down the
reverse was generally true. The
church minister was usually submissive to the will of his congregation.
College professors observed tradition,
and, business men did not criticize
more powerful. concerns with which
they were associated.
The Ideal gives birth to the Institution and then the Institution kills
the Ideal, submitted Mr. Woodsworth.
"We In parliament," he remarked,
"sit there, debate questions back and
forth, come to a conclusion and send
lt to the senate, and they upset Jt all.
All the time people are standing outside who have decided the questions
before they came up before parliament at all."
Good for Slippers, Too
According to a recont report, synthetic silk ls now being made from
banana skins. Perhaps this accounts
for the lamented shortage! Garments
made from this material should be
easy to slip onl
The workers are demanding justice
instead of charity, freedom Instead of
oconomic servitude.
The plutocrat's rapacity stops only
at the labor capacity of the worker—
and ofttlmes not even there.
ture of the dwellings of the poor can
be remedied."
It has taken the workers seventy
long years to realize the truth of what
Dickens wrote about housing and to
act upon lti
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of labor, at
Washington, D. 0.
Reciprocal Unemployment Support
—According to an agreement made
between the Austrian republic and the
Swiss federal state, each state assures to the other the same treatment
of unemployed as would be accorded
them In the state to which they owe
native allegiance.
Unemployment—Prom June to November, 1923, unemployment ln Austria showed a gradual decrease, but
January marked the beginning of a
period of Increase, 2615 persons joining the ranks of the unemployed during that month. Inasmuch as the
municipality of Vienna continued In
Its efforts to revive the building trades
that city showed a decrease, rather
than an increase, in the'"" number of
Idle workmen.
Immigration Legislation—As a result of the severe agricultural labor
shortage throughout the northern
states of Brazil, a bill ls now pending
before the Brazilian chamber of deputies, providing for the establishment of European immigration colonies in the states from Bahia north.
Free third-class passage aboard the
steamers of the Lloyd Brazilero
steamship line from European ports
to a port In Brazil will be offered to
prospective Immigrants, as well as attractive guarantees of land, good
housing and sanitary conditions.
Boilermakers' Strike—After continuing for a year and causing an estimated Iobs to the country of about
eight million dollars, the boilermakers' strike now shows signs of settlement.
Trade Disputes Decrease—Trade
disputes Involving stoppage of work,
showed a great decrease ln December,
1923, as compared with the previous
Unemployment—For the flrst time
ln many months, unemployment in
the Liverpool dUtrlct decreased. The
decline is said to he due to the great
exodus from that part of England to
the United States, and the increase in
forfltm nnd domestic trade.
Unemployment—Sixty official Saxon
employment bureaus report that there
were 273,000 unemployed persons in
Saxony. In the city of Dresden, there
were 58,000 idle In January.
Wages Paid In Food—A number of
firms in the Dresden district are paying their workmen In foodstuffs instead of marks.
Emigration—Statistics on emigration from Sweden show that the emigration of last year was the largest Jn
20 years, the estimate being that 30.-
000 persons loft Sweden during the
year 1928.
Unemployment—The number of
Sweden's unemployed dropped during
the year 1923 from 45,900 at the beginning of January, to 13,800 at the
end of December, The cost of living
index fell from 188 to 176.
Man Is the only creature that ever
gpes hungry In the midst of plenty.
Plumbing in Provindai  Indian
Schools Stated to B« Done
te Haphazard Wa;
Labor Troubles Last Summer at
Oape Breton Investigated—
Recommendations Made
Matter of Fair Wages Upon Con
struction Work at No. One
Elevator Dealt With
A .MEETING of the Vancouver Bull-
ding Trades committee was held
on Tuesday evening, with Delegate W.
Dunn ln the chair. There was a fair
attendance, although the committee
are desirous of seeing a much stronger representation from the various
unions affiliated. Among the many
itms of interest discussed was the
matter of the plumbing in Indian
schools throughout the province being
done ln a very haphazard manner; at'
tention to this was drawn by the
plumbers' delegate, who claimed that
the specifications wero In many respects ignored when the work was be
ing done. From the viewpoint of
public health, this was considered Im
portant and It was decided to make a
representation to the Vancouver
Trades and Labor council regarding
the matter.
Thc question of sanitary conditions
prevailing in construction camps was
brought up by Delegate Morrison, of
the Electricians, and a committee was
appointed to flnd out what legislation,
If any, covered this and report to a
further meeting.
The matter of fair wnges upon con
struction work of No. 1 elevator wns
also dealt with. It appears that representations were mnde to thc government regarding non-compliance
with the fair-wage clause; the government conceded the point nnd made
provision for the rnte desired. The
contractors, however, while collecting
the higher rate from the government,
refuse to recognize the claims of the
men under provisions of the fair-wage
clause. The matter wns brought to
the attention of thc committee by
delegates from the Sheet Metal workers, and the Trades and Labor council will be asked to assist In securing
the desired adjustment
Is Awarded Increase
Joseph Bedlam, secretary of the
Surrey group of New Westminster
council, Amalgamated Civil Servants
of Canada, was tho recipient of a welcome increase recently. No, lt was
not an increase ln salary! The stork
brought it—a handsome ten-pound
baby girl. Both mother and little
daughter are doing very well.
The workers produce all that Is
produced, nnd then hnnd It over to a
lot of parasites who produce nothing.
Is this sensible?
Blind ie he who cannot see that he
is not free, and cannot be as long as
the means of Ufo are the private property of the few.
Almost as bad as butchered humanity Is the butchering of humanitarian
Ideas aa the result of constant warfare.
Low Wages and Non-woognition
of Union Blamed for Strike
--Calling Ont Militia
A RECENT Ottawa despatch aaya
■** that an eight-hour day and th*
elimination of the seven-day week
are among the recommendation! Included In the report of the royal commission appointed to Investigate the
Industrial unrest in Cape Breton. The
commission, composed of Dr. J. W.
Robertson, chairman; Fred Bancroft,
Toronto; J. J. Johnston, Charlottetown, after many montha of investigation and the collection of testimony
in both Canada and the United States,
have juat issued a report that lt Is
felt ahould recommend Itself to capital, labor and the public at large.
The commission finds that the British Empire Steel corporation haa not
differentiated sufficiently ln the past
between machinery and humanity,
asserting that ''there is no sentiment
in machinery which effects ita smooth
or rough running, but there Js a great
deal of lt ln men."
Believing that the work hours of
steel workera have been excessively
long under the two-shift system of
operation, and that the change would
be of advantage to both employen
and employees, the commission recommends:
(1) Elimination of the 24-hour
change-over period and the abolition
of the seven-day week.
(2) Adoption of the three-shift plan
(eight hourB per shift) tn the departments of continuous processes and a
maximum of a 10-hour day for either
Furthermore, since the steel Industry la one which haa been characterised by intermittent periods of prosperity and depression, the commission
recommends that:
(1) In the Interests alike of the
shareholders and the employeees, the
company should discuss with representatives of the employees the question of drawing, to some extent, upon'
the surplus accumulated during, fat
years to tide the workmen, aa well
na the shareholders, over lean years,
when changes In ratea of wagea are
ln contemplation, and when the prospect of regular employment Is not
<2) As an alternative, aome competent authorty should, in the public
interest, be directed to Investigate and
report upon the use which ls made
of such surplus funds of the company.
Referring to the calling out of the
mllltla during the strike last summer,
the commissioners flnd that auch a
move was entirely justifiable ln the
protection of life, liberty, order and
property under the law and that the
mllltla showed no partiality and were
not used in any sense as ■ strikebreakers. The commissioners, however, suggest a change in the Mllltla
act, so that n requisition cnlling out
the active militia in aid of thc civil
power may be mnde only by a judge
and the attorney-general of u province
acting Jointly, with the latter promising to cause an Inquiry to be mode
Into the circumstances not later than
a week after such action.
The commissioners found the chief
causes of unrest to be long hourB, low
wages nnd non-recognition of the
union, aggravated by a campaign of
agitation by speakers and publications
urging the workers to obtain what
they wanted by threats and strikes,
and nre strongly in favor of the employees' representatives plan, with a
general workB council and committees,
which is now ln effect, ns a means
whereby the management and workmen can get ogehcr for mutual understanding and readjustment of conditions.
Delegates to Hold Conference in
Vanconver on Maroh 31
and April 1
The regular meeting of the Northwest Typographical conference, comprising the unions of Washington,
Oregon, Idaho and the province of
British Columbia, will bo held in Vancouver on Mondny and Tuesday, Mar.
31 and April 1. This is likely to be
one of the most Important meetings in
the history of the conference, Onc of
tho chief matters brought up will be
consideration of means whereby the
L'onfcrenee may combat thc activities
of the Pacific Northwest Newspaper
association; this organization is nc-
tlvely nt work in the small towns
where thero ore but few unfon men,
nnd some method will likely be adopted for combating this movo on the
part of the newspaper proprietors.
Delegates R. H. NeclondB and Henry
L. Corey will represent the Vancouver
Typographical union, local 226, at tho
sessions of the conference,
Thc brutality and atrocity of modern war Is but the reflection of the
brutality and Inhumanity of our commercial regime and Ideals.—Edward
Carpenter. PAGE TWO
FRIDAY February 29, 1924 .
Published every Friday by
The   British   Columbia   Federatlonist
Business nd Editorial Oflee, 1129 Howe St.
 Editor;  Qeorge Bartley	
Subscription Bate: United States and For-
lieve that, ln this Canada of ours—
the most favored land beneath the
bending skies, a land in which we
have vast areas of rich and fertile
soil, material resources in inexhaustible abundance,  the  most marvellous
•in, $1.00 per* yew; Centi*, $2.50 per  Productive machinery on earth, thous-
|3yi*> *"•■* months; to Unioni sub- ands of eager workers ready to applj
writing in a body, 18o per member per
FRIDAY .._.':..February 29, 1924
ERE MANY moons have passed, we
are likely to be called upon to
choose again those who would represent us in our legislative halls in
Victoria. It behodves us to give this
matter the consideration that it deserves. Here, too, it might not be out
of place tot remlttd you that we have
at leaat aome knowledge of the past,
if not of the future. May we not do
worse than take heed of the lessons
that we all should have learned? Let
us ask ourselves by what right do we
expect help or assistance from either
of the old line poUtlcal parties ? They
have served us poorly at all times,
and we can see np -signs to indicate
that their code Of ethics haa changed.
They have played the workers in the
past for what they could get out of
them. Is there any reason to believe
that they will do otherwise in the
It would seem at this time that we
have just cause for suspicion when
one reads in tho daily press that the
present P. 6. E. investigation is being used, more or less, by the three
political parties now in the field, to
gain such advantages over their opponents as will serve to place them in
a more favorable light before the
eyes of the electorate. Is this what ls
to be the outcome of our having to
spend $50,000 on this investigation,
Must it serve nothing more than political propaganda purposes? How
many more such lessons must the
workers of this province have before
they will come to realize that their
only hope lies within themselves, and
that there alone, they must look for
any relief from the present intolerable conditions, both in the economic
and political fields?
THERE appeared a few days ago in
the daily press an article to the effect that the British empire was losing trade; that huge orders were being placed abroad, in fact something
like $6,000,000 worth had been
placed while at the same time there
waa ln England over 1,250,000 unemployed. Those orders,, it was stated,
had been placed with Belgium, Den
mark, France, Germany and the United States. It was further pointed
out that the Indian government had
placed an order for locomotives with
It does seem somewhat bewildering
to those of us who heard and read
little else than patriotic speeches and
articles for over four or five years,
during and after the great war, to
think that we Have today such a state
of affairs as we noHv have ln our world
of commerce. We wonder how many
of those, who are today trading with
our previous enemies, were exceedingly active in spreading parlotic propaganda during the war. If they were
called upon to be patriotic during war
times, surely thoy have every right to
remain patriotic during peace times.
It only goes to show to those who
would give such matters even but
passing thought, that capitalism
knows no Hag. Dollars mean more
than does human happiness or misery.
Gold is their god. Men and women
are but instruments In their hands to
be used as they might see flt to further the ends of modern industrialism. During the great war, you
fought to make this country flt for
heroes to live In. Now, tho men who
urged you to go, apparently, do not
think Lhat this, their own,.their native land, is fit to supply their needs.
It might not be out of place to remember this, when there is talk of
anothor war with those with whom
they are trading today, and who, yesterday, were our enemies.
ready to apply
their labor to that machinery to produce an abundance for every man,
woman and child—and, if there are
still thousands of our people who are
the victims of poverty, whose life is a
Ceaseless struggle all the way from
youth to age, until at last death comes
to their rescue and stills the aching
heart, and lulls the victim to a dreamless sleep, lt is not the fault of the
Almighty, it can't be charged to nature; it is entirely due to. an outgrown social system that ought to be
abolished, not only ln the Interest of
the working class, but in a higher Interest of all humanity. We believe
that Canada ought,to own and control her Industries. We believe that
all things that are Jointly needed and
used ought to be Jointly owned—that
Industry, the basis of life, Instead of
being the private property of a few
and operated for their enrichment,
ought to be the common property of
all and administered ln the interests
of all.
John D. Rockefeller has today an
Income of hundreds of thousands of
dollars a day. He does not produce
a penny of lt. We do not attack him
personally, nor do we in the least dislike him. We have no quarrel with
him personally, nor with any other
capitalist. We are simply opposing a
social order, such as we have today,
In which it is possible for one man—
whether he be capitalist, as we designate him today or of the working
class, with a potential possibility, remote though lt be, of becoming a
capitalist who does absolutely nothing
that is useful to amass a fortune of
hundreds of millions of dollars, while
millions of men and women who work
all the days of their lives, secure barely enough for an existence.
This order of things cannot always
endure, nor can it endure much longor. Let us all register our protest
against it. Let us organize society
upon a mutual and co-operative basis;
to this end we must organize economic and political movements over the
face of all the earth.
Shall the Churches End War?
WHO haa been named Foatraaater-Gen-
eral   in   th.   Ramaajr   Macdonald
Labor cabinet in Greet Britain.
Russia's Greeting
******      * ******
What Recognition Means
SO LONG as there exists injustice ln
any form, so long as evon the humblest of nature's creatures are subject to that injustice, there goes on,
and will continue to go on, the eternal
strugglo for freedom. Until Injustice
Is removed forever from the face of
the earth, we can' never be free. It
is the knowledge, that is being gained
day by day, regarding the causes of
the Injustices, by the masses of the
people, that is rendering more intense, this struggle. Not until these
causes have been fearlessly and honestly faced can we evor hope for
peace and contentment In this world
of ours. Every thinking man nnd
woman today rcAlizos full well that
our present social system is wrong,
unjust, unfair and inhuman. Myriads
of people today are becoming more
and more opposed, as their knowledge
of and experience with its cruelties
grow. Noed we call attention lo any
othor fact than this, to demonstrate
its injustice, when we point out that
approximately $0 per cent, of tho
wealth of thia country is In tho hands
of 10 per cent, of the people? In othor
words, 90 per cent, of tho poople own
only 10 per cent, of our wealth. And
we call auch a system Just!    We bo-
[New Leader, London]
In response to the New Leader's request, M. Rakovsky sends the following message of greeting on the recognition of Russia:
'I say without hesitation," he
writes, "that the de jure recognition
of the Soviet union by Great Britain
Inaugurates a now era In the relations
of these two great countries. I should
add that this is because the rccognl
tlon was accorded unconditionally as
an act of justice and friendship towards the peoples included in the soviet union.
"The historic, resolution of the congress of Soviets, passed on February
by a thousand delegates, stresses
this characteristic of the act of recognition, saying that 'de jute recognition has been accorded in a manner
which is worthy of U.e two groat peoples, and creates the basis of friendly
"What will be the consequences of
this important International event?
First, friendly collaboration between
England and Russia, and therefore
consolidation of world peace. We
shall always stand beside those who
seek to maintain peace; that is a truth
written throughout our history Bince
the October revolution.
•Second, and no less Important will
be the economic co-operation between
the two countries. The congress resolution also stresses thie consequence,
and It would be useless for me to say
more, since the need for oconomic cooperation ls felt in Englnnd not only
by the working cluss, living in constant fear of unemployment, but by
nil classes.
It is true we have only taken the
flrHt stop. Many obstacles have still
to be removed from our path; many
problems, accumulated during the
past six years, await solution. But
you know the saying; it Is the firnt
stop thnt counts.
I take this opportunity of thanking the Now Leader for all the help
that It has given in the groat, work
of Anglo-Russian reconciliation.
'Ver)   sincerely ,y-urs,
Parent* Must Thresh Ont Perplexing Questions That Daily
Confront Them
Our society has ceaBed to allow to
all men, as such, a-human value and
a human dignity; many sections of the
human race have become merely raw
material and property in human form,
—Dr. Albert Schweitzer.
Men must be governed, and when
lt comes to the question, by whom?
I, for one, would far sooner in the
long run trust the people at large
than I would the few, who in everything which relates to govornment,
are as little instructed as the many
and more difficult to move.—Mark
Oil, Doctor
A  theological student namod Fiddle
Refused to accept his degree.
It was enough, he said, to be Fiddle
Without adding Fiddle, D. D.
Learn from everyone; what to do
Trom this one, what not to do from
that ono.—Confucius.
Anti-War Day, 1924
Help Clean Up Mess Capitalists
Have Made—Put Bight
People's Wrongs
tBy Prances Wills]
J WONDER i_ you have ever questioned why some follJs have to
work so hard all their days, and
ethers not at all, why you live on
bread and potatoes, and potatoes
and bread, while others live on
the fat of the land? Why your
Johnny can't get a Job though he's
hunted for one for weeks; why your
Sam can't stay longer at school? Or
have you ever thought silently and
solemnly for a few minutes of the mil.
lions of the people—particularly our
class—of many nations, whose days
are done; who died In the war; have
you ever wondered what good their
horrible sufferings have dono?
If you've wondered all these things
and others, of course, let's shake
hands on it. I'm so glad you're not
one of those doddering idiots (begging their pardons) who think all
these things are of divine will, and
who pleasantly submit to the evils of
You've noticed young Tommy ask
Ing a hoet of questions Just when
you're talking money matters,
when the wife -Je snatching a minute
or so at the Woman's Home Journal.
Little Tommy ferrits things out to the
end with his "why's" and "how's"
and "what for's." I wonder if you
are like Tommy. If you are, then I
know just how you feel sometimes
about the world In general and your
affairs in particular. You sort of feel
hot inside and sometimes furiously
angry, but helpless. You say; "Well,
what the devil can I do?"—if you're
moderately polite. If you're not, why
you feel and say things ln small print
or unprintable.
Well, you know you can do some
thing—something very important—to
help clean up the mess the capitalists
have made, and put right the people's
terrible wrongB. You know, it's ab
solutely Impossible to convince some
pig-headed grown-ups to change the
ideas they had as youngsters, though
it's a poor man who won't or can't
change his opinion. So we have to
rely mainly on the young folks if they
get the right ideas from the beginning.
This is what parents can do. First,
you must thresh out the questions that
perplex you, and you'll lind this interesting. Of course, you won't go
and administer undiluted doses of socialism, communism or bolshevlsm, or
whatever shade of think you Imbibe
to your unsuspecting children. You
know how deadly sick of religion,
children get who have to go to church
three times on Sunday? Don't mako
that mistake. Let your children grow
up to see every sido of a question,
whether it concerns politics, religion,
shirts or chickens. If you are biased
against gas, don't deprive your family of It. Don't, in faet, be prejudiced about anything. Let reason rule
the rooBt. The chicks will bo reasonable creatures then.
Again, let the children use their
head pieces and question ahd doubt all
they read and hear, evon lf you say
lt. Remember, parents are not lnfat
Uble any more than any one else.
Olve them freedom and plenty of
It. Of course, you can advise. You
can say to your grown-up boy: "Yes,
I know you're ll, but I wouldn't go
in for boose If I were you. Doctors
tell us it does the system no good. Of
course, I don't know. Yes, I realize
the big bugs and the smart Sets think
It manly in a lad to get drunk occasionally, but our class doesn't. We
rathor think It shows lack of self-con.
trol." Or you can say to Mollle, who
ls 18: "I wouldn't get married yet.
I'd JuBt wait a year or bo. Have a
good timo and see more of lifo before
you decide and settle down. But I
won't Interfere; please yourself.
Morality means freedom or good use
of freedom.
And. father and mother, you can do
a lot by roading. Yes I know you're
tired when you sit down aftor supper,
.lust think how many of those rather
fidgety winter evenings can becomo
delightful. Father; can read, mothor
can do her unlntojbstlng darning; all
thoughts will be concentrated on tho
Interesting book, ' H. (_. Wells, Bor*
nard Shaw, Upton Sinclair, Bouck
White and others, will givo you the
real facts of life, the truth about so
cialism, etc., in the form of Interesting, thrilling, inspiring novels.
That's what you can do and you can
do Inestimable good for your class and
tho next generation. After all, the
happiness of those who are now growing up is our chief concern, and worthy of all our efforts.
[The above was the subject of a
sermon given by the Rev. A. E. Cooke,
at the Firat Congregational Church
last Sunday. Though we have not
been In accord with churches' attitude
in this matter at all times, nevertheless we* feel that we should at least
hear what they.have to say. The following extracts will be found of interest to moat of our readers.—Editor.]
]Ur. COOKB said in part: "After
thirty centuries of civilization and
nineteen centuries of Christianity, the
world ls largely settling ita disputes ln
the same way that tt did in the prehistoric stone age. It la true that we
have aeen a century of arbitration ot
many disputes between nations; it la
truo that we have today a League of
Nations that Is solving and settling
many most vexing International problems. But Btlll, in spite of all thts,
and ln spite of the piled-up horrors of
the moat terrible war of all the centuries, we flnd the nations more heavily armed for destruction than ever
before. We are told by those who
know, that at the present time, after
a great war which wad to end war,
Europe—with the central powers disarmed and RuBsia not counted—keeps
more men under arms than she did
when Qermany menaced her peace tn
■pre-war days. Even Poland and the
little entente, freed from autocratic
subjugation, maintains armies greater
ln numbers than Qermany ever maintained in times of peace. 'The leading
statesmen of Europe have spoken but
lately ln terms of most solemn warning of the imminent danger of another
war at anytime. They speak as if they
saw humanity about to topple from
the heights of lta boasted civilization
Into the abyss of self-destruction. In
every allied country during the war it
was published abroad that this was a
war to end war for ever. Yet several
wars have been fought in Europe and
Asia since 1918. Others have only
been averted by tho narrowest margin,
and the whole continent is a smouldering volcano of hatred and suspicion,
Surely It is time to do something that
will put an end to the age-long fever
of unrest and strife which possesses
humanity. Surely It is high time for
the Church of Christ to rise up in h'er
strength and tell the politicians and
diplomats and rulers of the earth that
war must cease once and for all, and
that they must flnd some other
method of settling disputes between
If any war in history could be interpreted as fought for ideal ends,
urely this last war could. Whatever
criticism may be made today of the
motives aiid purposes of the governments of the nations engaged in the
World War, whatever revelations have
been made or can yet be made of secret treaties, and whatever the failures to attain the moral and spiritual
ends of the war in peace treaties and
subsequent developments, this one
thing is certain, the people of the allied nations went into that struggle to
protect the weak, to put down
tyranny, to make the world safe for
democracy and to bring in a newer
and a freer day for humanity.
"But when all this has been said
and admitted with regard to the past,
we have still to face the problem of
the future. Can war continue to be
Justifiable ln the light of our present
knowledge of what it is and what are
IU results? Can the Christian church,
es place thia knowledge alongside the
teachings of Jesus Christ and continue
to give their endorsation and blessing
to war as a means of solving International difficulties? Whatever may have
been true of war In the past it has
now become intolerable suicide. As
Lord Bryce said, 'Either we will end
war or war will end us?' War today
Is a struggle of millions who have
never seen each other before, who are
driven to light the battles of those
' 'who sit at home and put their 'Quarrel into the hearts of their poor and
sigh their treaties with peasants'
After describing the horrors of war
and pointing out the terrific lots of
life and money thai lt had entailed ln
the past, and after stating that'any
future war,, according to the prophecies of military men would be worse
by far than anything; we oould ever
imagine, Ur. Cooke said: "Surely lt
Is time the Church of Christ arose ln
her might and ln the name of the
Lord called nations to judgment on
this awful Issue! Surely the ehurch
should arouse the conscience of tht
world against any approach to, or preparation tor such a culmination of all
atrocities. We can have civilization
with Its intricate interdependencles or
we can have war, whioh inevitably
wrecks it all, but we cannot have
both. Though this war was waged for
Ideal ends and the youth of the world
went forth to give their lives for the
great Ideals of Justice and liberty, yet
while they fought and bled and died,
the profiteers and diplomats sat down
and drew those secret treaties* that
show today the selflsMiess which bar*
tered their lives for markets and oil
and territorial mandates rich ln
"Diplomats," he said, "but pull the
wool over the peoples' eyes and make
them readier to be led like beasts to
the shambles, when they baptize war
with moral aims. Write down and
underline it. The conviction grows.
You will get salvation out of hell before you will get redemption for this
world out of modern war."
"But how shall the church put.an
end to war? Is she great enough for
the task? I do not know, but there
are signs that the church is awakoning
to the urgency of the crisis and the
greatness of the call. Let the church
build up a Christian conscience ln the
wholo community, which is not in tho
keeping of the politicians, statesmen
and diplomats, or even of the popular
majorities. Let her proclaim to the
world that war is not only a crime
against humanity but a sin against
Qod and Insist that governments and
statetsmen shall forthwith flnd a way
to settle disputes between nations
without plunging their peoples into
such colossal Bin. Let them tell the
war-makers that if ever war'is to be
waged again lt can only be when ths
Christian conscience has faced the
issue, studied the circumstances and
positively found no other alternative,
but not because of the sanctity of
government or the flat of the state.
The church must lay bare the evils of
our modern sooial order which tend
to produce war. She must flnd and
expose what ls wrong in our civilization which every few years brings the
nations into the shambles and makes
heroic and chivalrous men do the
work of beasts upon their fellows.
The economlo causes of war must be
rooted out as well as the moral. The
profiteers and the militarists and the
war-makers must be courageously
branded for what they are, and brotherhood muat prevail at home in the
industrial order before lt can prevail
amongst nations. Let the churches
unite and demand that the moment
war ls declared, that moment the
wealth of the oountry be conscripted,
as well as the manhood. Let them
write that into the statutes and constitutions of the state ln time of peace
and every government will think, not
twice, but many times before they
will plunge the nation into the furnace
of war In the days to come."
Every reader of Tbe Foderationist
can render valuable assistance by tenoning their subscriptions as soon as
they are due, and by inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do tbls.   "fty It
Believed ia two minutes with
Jo-To relieves gas pains, told stomach, heartburn, af tor-eating distress, and all forms of
Indigestion quickly, without hum.
All Drag Storei
'Better than the Best"
That is the ideal towards which
"Cascade" is continually striving—
to give you pure beer—a pleasant
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' Insist on Better Beer-
Insist on "Cascade"
Stor* Opens at • a.m. anl •
Closes at • p.m.
Knitted Vesfyand Knickers
At Interesting Prices
Light Weight Cotton Vests, regulation shape, medium sizes only.   Special 3 for 85^.
Fine Bibbed Vests, Spring weight, opera or regulation shape; finished with French band top, at 60f.
Extra Outside Vests, light weight cotton, short or
sleeveless styles.    Special 50<£.
Fine Silk ahd Lisle Vests, opera shape, in the hew
richelieu rib; flesh color and white, at f 1.25.
Directoire Knickers, in light weight cotton; well-
made garments, with gusset;   sizes to 44, in white,
saxe, mauve and pink.    Special, 50^ pair,
Women's Directoire Knickers, medium weight cot.
ton, shown in white, peach, orchid and rose, at 85^
Extra Outside Directoire Knickers—medium weight
—well reinforced; pink, white, helio and grey, at
81.00 pair.
—Drysdale's Knit Underwear Shop, First Floor
675 OranviUe Street
Phone Stymour 8540
A Union Is What Yon Make It
Some men imagine that a union
comes out of the sky, and that lt Ib
made to order. ThiB ls a fallacy
which only active participation In
union affairs can destroy. Why not
be an active member, instead of a
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
The New "Boyish" Snit
HAVE you seon It, at the "Famous!"
It's tho newest thing—all New York
haB gone craijr about It. The "Famous"
ls now able, through large and Judicious
purchasing, to give you this identical boy*
ish suit at the wonderful price of only
$18.60. You simply must not miss seelntf
Famous __?l____
Ring op Phone Seymonr SIM
for appointment
Dr. W.J. Curry
Bull*   301   Dominion   Uulldlnf
[AVE yon ever bad a real drink
of Pure Apple Older during the
last few yeara?
To meet the desires of many clients,
we have Introduced recently a para clear
■parkling apple elder la plat bottles,
-either pare sweet or forenuneot regulation 2% bard apple cider. Theae drinks
are absolutely para and free from aU
carbonic aold gaa or preservatives of
any nature. Write or phono yoar order
today, Highland 00.
Older Haoufactaran
1S55 Commercial Drive, Vaaceaver, B. O.
TfTE Jnst know yoa adore a "bargain;"
™ 'most everybody does, and even publlo utility companies offer them I
Hold yoar Long Distance social con*
venations between the hours of 7 p.m.
and 8 a-m., when we give you a conversation lasting three times that of the day
Serlod allowed at the regular day rate to
. 0. Telephone Company stations. Now
what could be more alluring I
Call the "Rate Clerk"
other particulars.
for charges or
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-408 Metropolitan Building
887 Haatinga Bt W. VANOOUVBB. B. O.
Telephones: Seymoar 6IM and 080T
1110 (tarsia strart I
Bnndnj eenleee, 11 am. ul 7:80 pa. '
8nnd.iT    achool    immadlaM,    (ollowlu '
moioini aenlea.   Wcdnaadar taatlmonld
B. F. Harriion
SSS SnlOSWAT     vavoouvw, B.I.
Mom nunun ss ^
Cigar Store
liver Rooms
Everything Modem
Rates Reasonable
"A Good Plaoe to Eat"
Union Bank of Canada
*..$  8,000,000
PROFITS ;.    2,067,074
TOTAL ASSETS 128^99,670
.The Bank's Annual Statement has just been issued ahd
copies thereof are available for anyone, on application, at any
branch of the bank.
This advertisement ls not published or displayed by the Liauor Control
Board or bf the Government o( British Columbia,   '
__________j ._.:   -     ■■■   . ■, —.
"Diogenei" of the Vanoouver Daily Provinoe
Prioe, Cloth (1.60; Paper, $1.00 i FRIDAY February 29, ltl_
''You Look
Ten Years Younger"
People wilt tell you that, and mean it, if you will let
.me flt you with my popular
Expression Plate
This -plate—my life study—will round out your features
snd give you back the expression of youth, literally
making you look ten years younger. You can never
look well or feel veil until you put an end to those unsightly teeth and have your dental troubles attended to.
Wben yon know how little tliis work now costs, you'll
be surprised, tot nie ten you—no obligation whatever.
Phone now for appointment.
Dr. Brett Anderson
IT Years' Practice in Vanconver
Formally member of tha FeeoHy of tba Collets of Dentistry,
University of Southern California;  lecturer on Crown and
Bridgework, demonstrator on Platework and Operative Dentistry, Local and Oeneral Anaathqlla.
602 Haitingi Street West Phone, Seymonr 8981
Corner Beymour—Bank of Nova Scotia Building
Open Wednesday Afternoons, Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Vaneoaver Unioni
Vf "•Tn\™^**t«™*°'
inloriatlon re aeourijs epeakera ££^1*
[aecond TbanSW *5™|rSlrtwdli ««"'«l»1
esS-.. H.r,idBoUnf s&* *—
r AL union rfJSJgJJ^SS fonrtb Tnea*
|C*prhyin.A' ley.m*-    **-*■*** ,"",M•
|"d third *__^*tifmS,matm. A.
Ivory ?*!■****!'•; _%_] business agent
P.,.larr. P* ***!**■__    ,_7m   no    III"
{".vary Snt "J**1/* _"H„thorns; linen-
building. ****_*^_____, Joyce Bond P* 0*.
Eai aeeretary. V'Klns aeoretary. "*
I  of   Steam and   °__: ,, g p.m., Boom
Eot Holden Bldg.   ^'°__ '„ereUry, t. It.
Easiness agent and "J™™ j. T.Venn^_
lIAOBIlilBTS I-OCAlu DS„,i,,m*, bulnaaa
Fslllii leeratary, W*  "BEHfJM Holden
■eie la ass""1       -,     , liiittllllli i ii
• UNION, local l*_*__J___Jji_t Sunday,
boos. HallH-SJ'8'^,'a MWe', •»
K IS a.ra.   •"■"HS"!™____a_t Jnmleaon,
Ftom »•''F^SSL ™»d .«d «■* S""-
*|B, Vancouver—■«»'»;. "WMl.   phone,
Km at 111 ■***^*.BBYw n OnlUld.
lordovft Street "w*.       , vB|oB. secrettry-
Ib_et -o-Sutw*-^*-™^
Sordini •■""^5' *»"> Andliewl  •»»■
Uf'^Zwivn TEBA'l'HlUAL BU**
grill-   Ml   »'f"  *»•               !!,„[■
fe?'m* th.f> j"* '» *M» »«W* "
fe""^p*"i aTSoBgSoS
fekk^BH' pAbtv ur uamaua- ioi*
KBKEBB «»'J Business meetinga
■Pander "•'••i_.wS!i„„j1T averr month.
Why -Get George Bo It
ill you do not attend your union
■eatings and the other fellow does,
Iliy kick. He Is doing the best he
Vl. Why complain because George
Eos It.    Why not do it yourself7
J Capitalism has roducod the wage-
lorker to a tramp, his wifo to rags,
Jhd his ohildren to machine oil.—
Eugene' Debs.
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
Extravaganza at the Orpheum
The moat gorgeous production ever
staged for vaudeville, the premier extravaganza ol! them all, comes to the
Orpheum next week. II Is the "The
Tjand of Fantasle," featuring Mile.
Stasia Ledova, the celebrated operatic
ballerina, with W. Wanla, Jimmy
Lyons and the Eight English Rocket*.
ThiB notable production brings many
imported features, Including thu famous Radlana scene, ln which gowns
and scenery become a luminous picture of bewildering beauty. George
ChooB, the "Ziegfeld of Vaudeville,"
spent more than $40,000 on this revue, which offers Ave glittering scenes,
one hundred costumes, many novelty
stage effects and a great company of
artists. Mile. Ledova was premiere
ballerina of the Chicago Grand Opera
company for three ytars, W. Wania
is a graduate of the famous Nijintiki
dance school of Rutsla, The Eight
English Rockets are en octette of extraordinary dancers from London,
and Jimmy Lyons If a wdlMtnjwn
vaudevillo comedian. One might t.t.-tnk
that the bulunce of Die bill wo'uld mi lifer, but this is not so. Messrs. Fenton
and Field, appearing in person, are
comedians without a dull second and
a distinctively original way of working. They are assisted by a prize bulldog and an alley cat. Robert Rellly
and Company, In "Irish Romance,"
provide a great deal of excellent music
and dancing. The Three DanolBo Sisters, dainty equilibrists, are a petite
combination of feminine athletes. The
Three Original Blanks are Europe's
premier jugglers. Their performance
ls a revelation. Moore and Hager
have an original surprise act, a fitting
climax to sueh a splendid vaudeville
Starting Wednesday Night
Matlnm ThBMdfcy, Friday, Saturday
'in. most Gorgeous ind most Expensive Production in VuudevUle.
—An AUSUr 0»«t—
5 Glittering Episodes ud the Great
t Hadftgn* scene.	
BOBT. KBU.Y tnd CO.	
"Appesrlng in Fegyon"
Attuctlw Plctorss Concert Oichsrtrs
Kigbts 23c, 100, 730, |1 I  l'lus
Hat. WMkday l.cHBc,McBOj*!   1%
Mat lamrday'lie, age, Mc, Ms I   Tat
"The ^ssian ^volution"
evening heard
[By Dr. W. J. Curry]
audience on Friday
W. A. Pritchard
deliver a very able address on what
the chairman believed might be considered the greatest event ln human
history. The speaker bdleved that
this would depend on the viewpoint
of the Individual. To the ruling
classes lt might well he considered a
"red outrage," and might mean the
end of civilization, but to the class-
conscious; toiler, It is usually hailed
as the glorious dawn of universal
peace and plenty. Mr. Prltchard considered this revolution a paradox, the
last becoming the flrst, an autocracy
largely feudalists, yet in a few Weeks,
for the first time in human history,
overthrowing their rulers, conquering
counter-revolutions, and now building a workers' republic in line with
Manian philosophy. Probably thb
most valuable product of the four
years' slaughter for "democracy" was
this great upheaval of "Dark Russia."
To the world this event was unexpected. Lord Milner, who wept to
Russia to Investigate oonditibns a few
weeks before the Marcn revolt of
1917, reported that the great "steam
roller" of our gallant ally, Nicholas,
was In perfect order, and that there
was no diversity of opinion regarding
the determination and ability of the
armies to continue the flght for freedom. As Frank Ansley says In his
"Red Europe," Milner knew better,
but his lying was to preserve the public morale.
On March 6th, the czar's agents
made a last appeal to the kaiser, warning him not to allow a red chaos to
arise which would recoil upon the
central powers, while in February,
Kerenskl had declared In the duma,
that Russia was exhausted, and that
the time had come for a settlement of
the European conflict.
How Russia Saved tho Allies
Nearly ten million Russians were
mobilized, nearly half a million German and Austrian troops were sent
from the western front Into Russia
during the flrst two years of the war.
In 1916, Russia jumped Into Austrian
territory, smashed her armies, and
captured 400,000 men, yet England
alone had 150 munition factories to
Russia's one.
Nelson's history of the war Bays:
"Tens of thousands of the czar's men
were flung Into the firing line, without rifles, armed only with bayonets
and bombs. Unarmed men in the rear
filled the gaps by taking up the weapons of the dead." Millions were
starving, shoeless and famishing, soldlera began to desert, and the greatest retreat in history began; factory
hands began to strike, the cry, was:
"Give us peace, land . and bread."
Facts and figures prove that Russia
suffered more, and lost more men,
than Britain, France and Italy combined. They saved the allies from
defeat, yet the allied powers became
the enemies of the Russian soldiers,
because they had thrown off the yoke
of their masters, they had exposed
the secret treaties, and had become a
beacon light of freedom by accomplishing a revolution. This is the unpardonable crime in the eyes of
The speaker believed that the dictatorship was essential to discipline
their own people, and to meet counterrevolution, and he told how Russia,
through her tremendous efforts, her
mistakes and changes, demonstrated
the vast problem, which the replacing of capitalism with communism
must everywhere entail. In the Book
of Revelation, St. John tells us of the
"New Jerusalem" descending from
heaven ready-made, and today some
of our revolutionary Utopians philosophise on the "overthrow," and elimination of capitalism, as if it could
Examination for the Position of
Assistant Forest Ranger
OBJECT. -    ■
These oxaminttloni ire for the purpoie
of fllling preient vicmcles and to onibu
candidate! to qualify for future vacanelea
and increaie* In itaff.
Aniitaut Forest Rangera are employed
during tho flre season of eaoh year, and
this period Is extended where possible by
work on improvements such as trails, eto.
Re-appointment la made eaeh year as long
aa satisfactory serriee Is gives. Promotion to the permanent staff Is made by
merit and examination as occasion offers.
The salary Is »100 per month tho flr»t
year, and 9110 per month the aecond year,
and 9120 the third year. Travelling ex*
penies are also paid.
Candidates must be British subjects, reel*
dents of British Columbia for at least one
year, of good character, good physlotl
condition and with woods experience.
Thoy should havo experience in flre flght*
Ing; poneii the ability to organise work
and handle men; and havo knowledge of
the Forest Act.
The examinations are partly written, part*
ly oral and are designed to test the can*
didato's ability along tho above lines.
All statements mado by applicants as to
exporienco, oducation and fitness are sub-
iect to verification by tho examining
Preference U given to returned soldiors
with the necessary qualifications.
The oxnminatlons will bo held at tho
places and on the dates named below.
Knch Intending candidato should apply to
the District ForeBtor Df his district for
application forms and for Information re*
gordlng the hour of tho examination, and
the building In which is will be held. Application forms should, In each caso, be
filled out and mailed to the Dintrlot Forester in timo to reach him at least two
days before the examination.
„,. ■ Apply to Dlstriot
Placo Dato  " Forester at:
Vancouver March 11 Vancouvor
Nanaimo March 18      District Super*
visor,  Nanalmo
O.  R.  NADEN,
Deputy Mlnliter of Lands.
' 'be done by a turn of the hand, and
over night They seem to forget the
psychological factors, the long atruggle in the intellectual and moral field,
the vast and petrified heritage of
slavery and superstition, which must
be conquered. • There must be' the
transsltion stage, the overlapping of
the two systems, which the statesmen
of Russia found necessary. There
must be the long twilight and dawn
before there can be tho full-orbed day
of peace and -plenty, under industrial
democracy and universal co-operation.
When tho Ppwers of State Rebel
On March 10, 1917, something happened ln Petrograd which meant the
overthrow of the Romanoff powers,
and this event Is still haunting the
exploiters of labor.
The police were ordered to flre on
the rebels then, for the first time In
history, tho Cossacks fired on the police. The army and navy hoisted the
red flag, the despotism and the bloody
sweat of 600 years pf slavery, and
through the great war, had done Its
work. The slaves of Russia had freed
The Present the Product of the Past
The speaker showed that Industrial
systems cannot disappear, or be-established suddenly, for even Britain
today contains many elements of feudalism. It Is also true that on this
continent we have the relics of primitive communism and savagery,
some colored elements of chattel
slavery, and even some knightly vestiges of feudal nobility are with us.
In Russia the problem of assimilating
the peasants Into the new social order has not yet been solved, and we
have a somewhat similar task here.
The Russian peasant was and is still
Intensely ignorant, superstitious and
Individualistic. He uses crude implements, whilst the socialist republic
must be based on collectivism and
machine   production.     The   peasants
supported the bolsheviki because the
millions who were returning from the
war, were crying for free land, and
the communists alone demanded the
Immediate expropriation of the landlords and free land for those who wish
to use tt. Mr. Pritchard told us how
the slave of ihe farm here ls also a
problem which the industrial workers
must provide for through education,
and organization. The farmer is forced to sell cheap and buy dear, yet
he usually thinks himself a proprietor, and a free man, because he owns
the land, and his Implements of production, and yet through the bank,
machinery combines, the elevator and
transportation trusts, and the mortgage vampires and through his Isolation and "independence," he is today
ln Canada and elsewhere probably the
most helpless and miserable victim of
capitalist exploitation that can be
found. He can only be freed by real'
lzing his position, and combining with
the Industrial workers in a movement
for the emancipation for all.
Ignorance Alone Enslaves
After all the Russian revolution,
like others, was but the cilma-'. of
evolution, an evidence of change, and
progress. Revolution is but the breaking of the shells, which must be.shattered lf mankind is to survive, and
advance. And the world is today moving, even India is In revolt, after ages
of stagnation, - Revolution is but the
bursting of the dam, which fools and
knaves build .of bayonets and superstitions, to keep back the river of life,
In order that they may continue to
ride on the backs of the common people. If the dominant class were wise,
there would be no revolution of violence, for as Emerson said: "If you
follow the chain of a slave, you will
flnd It on the wrist of the master,"
And millions today are, so mentally
benighted that because they are well
fed and clothed, and live ln large and
gilded cages, they imagine they are
This week the subject will be: "Lessons from the Counter-revolutions ln
Russia." Dr. W. J. Curry will be the
Legislation Concerning
Health and Education
[The following is the second of a'
series of four articles by a well-known
local medical authority on proposed
legislation regarding Health and education, and will appear in these columns from time to time.—Ed.]
PROVINCIAL    PARTY    convention
. resolution No. 40—Narcotic Drug
Whereas—Drug habits have reached such alarming proportions ln British Columbia as to undermine the
health, well-being and morals of
many people In the province; and
Whereas—The parliament of Canada have jurisdiction over all matters
of criminal law and punishment of
offenses against the same; be It therefore
Resolved—That the minister of justice be requested to ..•...•ure the passage at the next session of the parliament of Canada of such legislation as
will permit In addition to all other
punishments the administration of the
lash on persons found guilty of peddling drugs; and be it further
Resolved—That the government of
the province of British Columbia take
the necessary steps in conjunction
with the governments of Alberta and
Saskatchewan for the establishment
of an Isolation hospital,, to which drug
addicts in British Columbia, Alberta
and Saskatchewan can be confined,
with a view* to securing their permanent cure.
Judge Murphy (Janie Canuck), of
Edmonton, who has devoted much
time and industry investigating this
question, has made public, facts and
figures overwhelmingly proving that
the so-called narcotic drug evil has
greatly increased In Canada in recent
years. It is not the Intention hore to
go Into the question of the horrors indescribable, to which the victims of
these drug habits descend, and the
heart-renderings of their families and
friende. Por these, one ls referred to
'the excellent writings of Judge Murphy. Nor yet Is it tlio intention hero
to dwell upon the criminal aspects of
the drug trafflc. Many devotod clti
zens have been bonding every effort
to secure a curtailment of the trafflc
and a limitation thereof. The recont
enquiry at Victoria in connection wltb
tho Royal Canadian Mounted Police
has servod to bring this question
vividly to the attention of the nows
paper reading public of British Columbia.
The two chief drug menaces are
opium, with Its main derivative, morphine, and cocaine. The craving for
these drugs by thoso who have established a habit for them, is such that
It becomes all powerful, All restraints
physical, mental and moral may be
set aBlde In order to Batlsfy this artificial demand. For the protection of
citizens, all manner of safeguards and
restraints have been set up by the
federal authorities, one of the consequences of which Is to make it more
difficult for an habitue to secure tho
drug, with ono result that almost any
price will bc paid to socure It. The
profits that may accrue to those vigilant enough to evade the authorities
and roach tho customer aro enormous, a tomptatlon readily attracting
vendors from the top dope-rlftg down
to the miserable peddlor, who risks
Imprisonment, and Is reimbursed t'*»r
fines by tho higher ups. It ls foil
that actual physical punishment ity
tho lash would bo tlio most effective
ahd the essential measure of restraint
for all convicted of dopo peddling;
honco tho endorsement hy tho convention of tho Provincial party, of nn
ofTort to havo tho fedoral parliament
pass a mensure to that effect at this
coming session of tho houso—for
which seo the resolution above.
New Shipments of
English Footwear
 !C I L- 1 I ...**.■ .	
< Mi ml ir
I r
Just arrived, via Panama
Canal, some of the finest
Shoes ever shown in Canada. The famous
"GreiMon" shoe-
dressy, perfect-
fitting and serviceable. Including:
Derby pattern, calfskin lined with English oak
tanned soles; also brown willow calf and black
boxcalf brogue oxfords and Lome models; also
the famous "Escalibur" brand in brown calf
Derby'models; all made exclusively for the H.
B. C. and marked at the new season's prices,
$150 tb $13.50.
How many workers commit political suicide at the polls, voting directly against their own Interest!
Pass The Federatlonist along and
help get new subscribers.
All efforts taken to date In British
Columbia, to cure these drug addicts
have been more or less unavailing. Isolation In our general hospitals has
proved Ineffective, and many who
have been temporarily cured, lapse on
a return to their old haunts, companions and temptations.
Recent work on the pathology of
the drug habit, as far as opium and
morphine are concerned, would indicate that when a person takes a dose
of this drug, the system reacts to
neutralize its poisonous effects, by
producing an anti-poison in the blood
and tissues, which persists after the
elimination of tho drug, but in the
absence of the drug, tho anti-poison
itself acts as a poison, causing the
well-known craving and illness, characteristic of an addict of this drug,
which Is only alleviated by the taking
of more of tho drug. The breaking
up of thts combination of evils In the
system is a medical problem, best carried out ln a special hospital for that
purpose. This hospital should be isolated and inaccessible to the public, to
render it easier to keep off dopo pod-
dlers. The patient's treatment should
also be accompanied wtth facilities
for hard work, out of doors, and long
enough continued to re-establish the
individuals ln vigorous health and
moral   tamtna.
Tho convention of the Provincial
party recognized this, and in order to
properly carry it out. suggested the
co-oporatlve efforts of the threo western provinces to found and maintain
an isolation hospital as outlined in the
above resolution.
Tho treatment of the cocnino habit
Is on a par with morphine, but lt is
generally recognized that tho outlook
by way of euro of this drug habit is
not as good as for opium. Experts
are of tho opinion thnt tho long-con^
tlnued excessive, uso of cocaine, dc
torlorates tho anterior part of tho
brain, and'definitely lowers tho moral
sense. It is the exception to got n
euro of an old cocaine nddlct, and
rarer still to liavo anything like completo refrain or restoration of tho
pro-existing moral standard.
It Is the intention of the Provincial
party to press keenly for the fulfilment of tho intent of this resolution.
In tho noxt article It Is proposed to
discuss briefly the question of contrl
butory stato health Insurance in Bri
tlsh Columbia.
There Is not enough for all because
somo get without earning what othors
earn without getting.
Hand The Federatlonist to your
shopmate when you are through with
Best $2.50
Glasses not preieribed unless ab*
■olutely necessary. Examinations
mado by graduate Eyesight Specialists. Satisfaction guaranteed.
Wc triad oar own lusti. Leiues
duplicated hy mill,
Optical House
(Formerly Brown Optical House)
Be   sore   of   the   address—Ahove
.   Woolworth's Store, netr
Suits 36, Davis Chambers,
~     -heme tay. 1871	
Disappears as if hy magic whan
ia used.     Oas   puliiM, .Did   stomach,   .our
Btoin.ch,   burning  and atl atter-oatlng  ilin-
trens   rollrvcd  in   two minuti's.     AU  Dnif
The following restaurant! employ
Rc-Uunnls emptying While Cooks,
Wallers or Waltrenes:
(toy* Lwirli, Qranvllle St.
Jim's Cate, Qranvllle St.
Orphenni Cafe, Qranvllle St
liOilge Oafe, Seymour St.
Pender Cafe, Pender St. W.
Moonlight Cafe, Haetlngu St. W.
Broadway Cafe, Hastings St. E.
Victoria Cafe, Main St.
Palaoo Cafe, Cordova St.
Morris Lunch, Dunsmuir St.
Martinique Cafe, OranvUle St.
Love's Oafo, Qranvllle St.
Standard Cafo, Seymour St
Good Eats Cafe, Pender St. W.
Oourlay's Waffle House, Cambie St.
Empire Cafo, Hastings St. E.
Golden Gate Cafe, Haatings St E.
King's Cafe, Carrall St.
Oak's Cafe, Abbott Street.
Only Oyster House, Hastings St W.
Busy Bee, Cordova St
These Restaurants employ white help
In the front only:
Acmo Cafe, Qranvllle St
Wonder Lunch, Carrall St
Granville Lunch, Qranvllle St
St Regis Cafe, Dunsmuir St.
All Vancouver Hot.1 walten belong ts Ul
All other, havo no .gr.om.nt to hire Union
help, and bolieve in the open ahop; they art
not entitled to patronage from Union mem.
Fresh Cut flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East        .—STORES—2        BBS GranvUle Street
Sey. B88-672 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 0513-131*1
OTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
r McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
Insist on the Genuine Beer
This Label is a Guarantee of Purity.   Say "Britannia"
sixteenth year, no. 9 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vanoquvm, ag
FRIDAY February 29, 1-2*1
We have just received
our new stock of STETSON HATS; all shades
and styles.
Everyone now will be thinking of medium weight
'       Underwear
Stanfield's light weight, at
93.00. $3.50. #4.00.
Combinations same.
Tork knit medium weight,
Suit at ?2.50
Cream ribbed Combination,
at 92.50
Working    Shirts,    91.00,
91.25, 91.50.
Khaki Work Shirts, 92.00
and 92.50.
Kaintest Shirts, regular double back, front and sleeves,
at  96.00
Raintat Pants, double knee
and seat, at $5.00
Good Work Sox, pair, 25*^.
Men's heavy blue and black
Overalls, at  92,25
Double knee and seat Overalls, at  92.75
Combination Overalls, from
18 and 20 Oordova St. West
412 Hastings Street West
More Thau 125,000 Automobiles
WiU Be Built at Ford,
Ont., During 1924
More than 126,000 automobiles will
ho produced in the new $12,000,000
plant of the Ford Motor'Company of
Canada, limited, at Ford, Ont., during the year of 1924, according to an
announcement made today by officials
of that, company. This production
flgure equals about 410 cars for every
working day of the year. Therefore,
approximately 50 complete automobiles will be produced every hour of
the eight-hour working day. Nearly
a car a minute—a marvellous procedure. One year ago the average car
output was approximately 260 cars
per day, so the production capacity of
the great Ford plant here has practically doubled in less than one year.
The new 16-acre machine shop, all
under one roof, has made this production record possible, it was stated.
The insistent demand for Ford cars
throughout Canada and the other British dominions has brought about the
largest expansion programme ever
undertaken by an automobile company outside the United States. The
flrst car to. be produced in the recently completed machine shop was a new
style Ford coupe, motor No. 451,306,
and was driven from the new factory
complete on Dec. 3. Since that time
a steady stream of Ford automobiles,
including the attractive new model
Tudor, has been leaving the plant
Capitalism  builds houses for rent.
Socialism will build houses for homes.
SATURDAY, MARCH  1, 1924, 8 p_m.
ODDFELLOWS' HALL, Corner Sixth Avenuo and Main Street
Short addresses by Mrs, Stuart Jamleson and Sam Outhrle, M.
L. A.    Music, refreshments and dancing. ,,
General Admission, 35£.
—Photo  hy Gibson.
CHARLES F. BANFIELD, King's Printer   for British Columbia
Labor Paper as Advertising
Printer's Ink, the recognized authority on advertising, says:
"A Labor paper is a far better advertising medium than an ordinary newspaper. A Labor paper,
for example, having 6000 subscriptions, is of more
value to the business man who advertises in it
than ordinary papers with 25,000 subscribers."
Doukhobors Show Their Belief in
Russian Government—Will
Leave Canada
A Winnipeg news despatch states
that the entire Doukhobor colony, ln
the district around Kamsack, Sask..
numbering nearly 12.000 persons, ls
planning to leave Canada shortly and
return to Russia. Three thousand have
made arrangements for Immediate departure and have already chartered
a ship. It Ib estimated that the flrst
contingent of 8000 will take with them
cosh amounting to about f7,000,000
when they start on their journey.
Within the year, another 6000 Doukhobors from thlB district will be ready
for the Journey, and besides the
valuable agricultural experience they
have gained during their residence ln
Canada, they will take with them
about 11*1,000,000. The Doukhobors
from Canada will settle in Crimean
Russia, complete arrangements in thts
respect having been made with agents
of the soviet government who have
been at work in the Kamsack and surrounding districts for over two years.
Although no specific reason for the
exodus ls advanced by the Doukhobor
leaders, the movement can be ascribed
as due chiefly to the dissatisfaction of
the Doukhobors with the existing
economic situation, as a result of
which they claim they have been unable to gain any proflt from their
work on their farms.
Ask for
Pale Ale
A foil-bodied, fine flavored Ale
Sot will compare in quality with
ny of the ftunous imported
__tas, and at mneh less coat to the
At all GoTO'-iuiail Tendon
th* Liquor Control Board or br tb*
British Ootambia.
it not poUUMd or dhpfapod by
Loggers and Surveyors
' Hade to Order
Our Specialty
Repairing  Neatly  Done
Phone, Seymour »S«
Agent for nil Steamship
D«p la ud Ltt Vs talk It Onr.
BOBT. SAT, Aftat
VaaeMVH, B. 0.
Gandhi Released from Prison—
Reralt WIU Be Beneficial
in That Oountry
In the February issue of Foreign
Affairs there Is an article written by
C, F. Andrews, of whom the editor of
that paper says, "Mr. Andrews ls one
of the greatest^ living authorities on
Indian problems." The article was
written on £an. 12th, 1924. He discussed at considerable length the position occupied by Mahatma Gandf In
the affection of the peoples in Indi
and affirms that Gandl's Imprisonment
was not only uhjust, out Impolitic. It
is with interest that we note that
Gandl has now been released. What
connection there may be between the
advent of the labor party and the release of Gandi is not of prime Importance. The Important thing ls that the
British government at last have seen
the wisdom of freeing this great mind,
and we are quite certain the effect
will be beneficial to India.
/ *     •      •
In further reference to India the
following should be of intetrest to our
readers. The parliamentary debates
report of July 6th, 1923, in the British
house of commons, when'the Indian
vote was under discussion, records as
follows: "Mr, Sakatdala, M. P.. for
Battersea, said in part: Only about
four weeks ago I minutely worked out
the figures, taking the published reports of 41 concerns in the jute industry, every one of which is controlled by British firms, many of
them having their head offices in London. I found on a capital of £6,140,-
000 they earned in the four years,
1918, 1919, 1920, 1921, £22,900,000
as dividends aiid that those 41 jute
mills had besides their profits set
aside as reserves £19,000,000. He fur-'
ther stated that the standard wage
never reached five shillings per week
in the spinning.department and never
ten shillings in the weaving department." Can you wonder at the uprising of the Indian workera against
such conditions as these represented
by such facts.
Charles F. Banfield Will Assume
Position of King's Printer
on March 1st
A distinct recognition of union labor
ls evident in the appointment of Mr.
Banfield as "printer to His Most Excellent Majesty," for the province of
British Columbia. Up to the time of
his appointment, he was a valued
member of the Victoria Daily Times
composing room staff; he was secretary also of the Victoria Typographical union, a position which he has
held- for two years, in addition to acting as secretary of the local Allied
Printing Trades council.
The government's appointment to
the position of king's printer, has been
a most logical one, Inasmuch as they
saw fit to give the position to the secretary-treasurer of the local Typographical union, thereby recognizing
the superiority of union labor. The
governmental printing plant in Victoria is now thoroughly unionized..
Although liberal in politics, Mr.
Banfleld's aim has always been the
betterment of conditions for the
union man. He has for some years
represented labor on the Victoria
Hospital Jjoard, and there he has stood
firm for the beat possible treatment
of employees. His duties as head of
the provincial printing department,
commence earlier than expected, and
he will take over the rein* of offlce
tomorrow, March 1.
Educated at Victoria public schools,
he served part of his apprenticeship
with H. G. Waterson, completing it at
Cusack's. There he gained a thorough
experience, acting later as foreman ln
two of the leading Job offices ln the
city, where he had an opportunity to
become familiar with every class of
printing and bookbinding. He Was
for some time connected with a firm
of engravers, so that his all-round ex
pertence renders him eminently flt
for the position he will assume as
king's printer, with complete direction of all printing done for the government at their plant in the legislative buildings.     *.
He has been engaged in various
welfare services, and has been an active member of the Victoria West
Brotherhood, of which he had the
honor of acting as president.
Hand your neighbor thlt oopy or
The Federatlonist, and than call
around next day for a subscription.
Patronize Federationlit advertisers.
Specials for
Men's Goodyear welt, tan Lace
Boot; $6.50 value.   Sat....*M5
All-wool Cashmere Sox, red heel(
and toe; regular SOc. Saturday, 3 pairs for , 11.00
IN lino with the "forward policy of
this store, we Uke pleasure fn an*
nouncing that we have necurnd tbe aer*
vices of a reputable Orthopedic special-
ist, who will advice you on yonr foot
troubles. Hla featherweight Glove*
fitting Arch Support! are made to fit
your foot and give perfect comfort.
Advice In free; phoue Fairmont 14
for appointment.
Arthur Frith ft Co.
Hen's and Boys' Furnishings
Hats, Boots and Shoes
BtfwMn 7th sad lth stmm-M
Phono, Fairmont 14
After-Eating Distress ,
And all forma of stomach trouble, auch as
gas pains, acid, sour, burning stomaoh are
all relieved in two minutes by taking
Jo-To sold by all Druggist!.
There are a lot of people who actually believe that poverty is necessary.
Poverty is no more necessary for the
well-being of humanity than fleas are
necessary'for the well-being: of a dog.
Every reader of The PdleraUonist
can (coder valuable assistance by re-'
ncwing l heir subscriptions aa aoon as
tbey are due, and by Inducing another
werker to subscribe. It doea not take
much effort to do tbls.   Try it,
Ask for OATTO'S.    For sale at all Oovernment Liquor Stores
Tbls adv.rtls.mu_. is not published or displayed by tb. Liquor Control Board or
by tb. Oovernment of British Columbia
Colonization and Development Department
-THE work of this department Ib being rapidly extended throughout
*■ Western Canada to be of the best possible service to the publlo, and
through its special representatives in the East, in Oreat Britain, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and other European countries, it will be able
to bring to Canada large numbers of immigrants, mole and female,
who in a short time should become permanent and desirable settlers.
The great obstacle in the past has been the uncertainty of Immediate,
employment for the new arrival and farmers can assist colonisation
work hy employing their help through this channel, and if possible
BY THE YEAR. The work Is done without charge and no advances
are required for transportation or for any similar purpose. All information given ls used for the purpose of informing the settler requiring work only.
R. C,
Oeneral Agricultural Agent,
General Agent,
Colonization and Development Department
Canadian National Railways
Your Dollar Will Travel a
Long Way Here on Saturday
Special for Saturday selling, 100
pairs of Child's Black Calf Shoes; all
good, solid lines, with strong leather
soles. Sizes 5 to 7% •• $L95
Another style of light weightdongo-
la Shoes for the wee tot Sizes 2 to
5. Per pair 95c
Misses' Gun Metal Calf Boots, all
solid leather. Regular $4.26 value;
per pair $2.95
Boys' Scout Shoes, in oil tan leather,
single sole, spring heels, hand-made.
Sizes 11 to 13 $3.45
Sizes 1 to 5 $3.95
Men's Leather Brown Dress Shoes, with good substantial soles.    Leather
throughout; new broad toe last for young men. All sizes; per pair. $5.50
A shoe made especially for long wear.
Two full soles, broad flat heels; solid
leather, widths D and E. Price...$7.50
Men's hand-made Work Boote, stout
black chrome uppers, plain toe; No.
1 slugged sole; all solid leather. Price,
per pair	
Ladies' Brown Calf Oxfords-^New
spring last, made in two heights of
heel —low and Cuban. Specially
priced, per pair $6.00
Ladies' Black Kid Shdrt Vamp Oxfords, welted soles, Cuban heels,
plain tone, on wide fitting last Price
per pair _ $6.00
Specially constructed to relieve foot troubles; not an ordinary shoe but rather
the result of years of study of arch troubles. In stock or made to measure.


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