BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The British Columbia Federationist Jun 11, 1920

Item Metadata


JSON: bcfed-1.0345459.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345459-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345459-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345459-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345459-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345459-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345459-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Array THE
Is   AD   Right—
Everybody Working,
Says One
Did Not Want to Stay in
the Dominion to
The Caecho-Slovaks marched
through the city on Sunday, an#l
are now on their way east. Very
little real information waa obtained
from them regarding the situation
In Rusaia, partly owning to the
shortness of their atay, and alao to
the fact that they were under the
Impression that It would not be to
their advantage to talk too much,
The Csecho-Slovak la supposed
to be a native of Bohemia, but
among the men who were here on
Sunday could be aeen aome who
balled from Saxony and Bavaria.
Hiia la In aome cases due to their
tieing residents In Bohemia In 1914,
when War was declared. The
Czecho-Slovak organisation in Canada contains aome prominent bourgeoisie memberB, who cannot claim
Bohemia as their birthplace. These
became Czecho-Slovaks during the
war, and the real native of Bohemia amongst the late visitors
was well aware of thla and therefore did not give htm hla confltV
Caar Could Not Trust, Them
The Caecho-Slovaks surrendered
In large numbers to the Russians
Sn the early part of the war. Snipe
went voluntarily over and offered
to flght against the Teutons and on
• the side of Rusaia. The Czar would
not truat them, aome of, his officers Baying, :*lf you are traitors
once you will be traitors always,"
and they were made to work In
mines and on construction work.
The Kerensky revolution enabled
them to escape this arduous Ufe,
and they enlisted In his army and
agreed to fight against the Germans.
Whito Guard Controlled
The Bolsheviki coup placed them
In a dlllemma because they could
not retreat Into Germany, and in
the particular locality in which
they found themselves, the White
Guard was In control. They did not
want to take part. In a civil war,
and decided to go home by way
of Vladivostok, though they volunteered to flght on the Western
front If the Allies would transport
them. The Allies took advantage
of the predicament to get them to
flght against the Bolsheviki. They
were supplied with arms and ammunition, but food was lacking,
and they were compelled to plunder In order 'to exist. Their one
Idea was to get home and they
were ready to flght anything that
■tood in the way of their doing so.
The quarrel with the Soviets wus
due lo the fact that they were often
driven by sheer necessity to rob the
Russia populace, and in many cases
this was done none too gently. This
Is why the Bolsheviki wanted to
disarm them. They eventually turned* against Kolchak, and alao
fought the Japs, The Allies never
succeeded ln getting the Czechoslovaks to flght whole heartedly
against the aovleta, partly because
they, the Caecho-Slovaks wanted
to get home, and also owing to the
fact they did not consider it their
buainess. One of them said "Russia
la all right, everybody tn Soviet
Russia Is working, all helping one
another. It will take them about
two years to flx the trrnsportatlon
System because It Is in bad shape;
but after two years Russia will be
the best country In the world." It
waa pointed out to him that the
Caecho-Slovaks were fully armed
although the war was over, and
they were passing through a friendly country, and he said, "Yes, they
wanted us to lay down our arms
In Siberia before we came here, but
we refused. So long as I have my
rifle and equipment, I am a free
man; when I part with them I am
a slave."
He further atated that he did
not want to work ln Canada beeause they wanted to get home,
and besides they did not want any
trouble with the labor unions.
What are you going to do when you
get back home? was asked at parting, "Clean up the Poles," he said,
with a signlflcant smile.
Miners Take a Decided
Stand-Will Strike to
Secure Rights
At the laat meeting of the Coalhurst Minera unit, held on June
4th, the following resolution was
Whereas, the U, M. W. of A., the
operators of District 18, and government officials have used force
to drive our members-back to the
United Mine Workers of America.
And whereas, those same forceB
are endeavoring to force an agreement on our membership without
us having any aay In the formulation of same,
Resolved, that we respect no
agreement that la not drawn up
by properly elected representatives
of the workers involved, Further,
that unless we, the workers of
District One (1) be allowed the
right to appoint our own representatives, we shall strike for that right
at the most favorable opportunity.
Further resolved, that a copy of
this resolution be sent to the Hon,
Gideon Robertson and F. McNeill,
secretary Western Cool Operators'
Basic Industries May Be
Closed Down by Big
Big Business Is Greatly
Disappointed Over the
Los Angeles—Great disappointment prevails among Allied manufacturers and merchants here in
the state attorney's second failure
to convict Sidney, Flowers, Canadian soldier-editor, of criminal
After fifty-six hours of hard battling, the jury hi the second trial
reported Itself unable to agree, and
was discharged. The vote stood,
seven for conviction, Ave for acquittal.
There were six women on the
Jury; five of them voted for acquittal. The trial consumed five
weeks. It 1s doubtful If F>o*"lttf
will be tried again.
Workers Are Getting Out
of Hand So Must Be
Jerked Up
(By Paul Hanna, Staff Correspon
dent, the Federated Press)
Washington.-—Immediately after
the big party conventions at Chicago and San Francisco tens of
hundreds of thousands of workmen
will be laid off by the basic Industries, according to persistent reports circulating nt Washington.
This enforced idleness may be
long or brief, depending .upon the
adjustment of a number of factors
operating to bring It about. These
factors are three In number, the
flrst two being of almost equal Ini'
portance In the minds of industrial
captains.   They are:
(1) A desire to shatter the morale of labor and bring down wages
by giving a taste of unemployment
to the working class.
(2) Inability of the railroads to
move a growing accumulation of
commodities from the point of pro
duetion, and the consequent need
to reduce the output temporarily.
(3) A desire on the part of the'
bigger capitalists to squeeze out
the smaller lot of speculators in
manufacture and merchandizing,
who are being pinched between the
restriction of bank credit and the
decreased purchasing power of the
While this attempt at partial
"readjustment" may easily lead
Into the major post-war panic
which all experts anticipate, careful judges of the situation declare
this co/ning spell of hard times is
Intended to last only for a few
months—just long enough for really big capital to consolidate Its
position still further and "dig In1
to resist the world-wide plague of
bankruptcy, unemployment and
famine, which is expected to come
a year or two later.
Both for election purposes and
to insure against unruly protests
from the mob when the big disaster arrives, a preliminary lesson in
humility Is to be taught the working class.
The oil, steel and automobile In
duatrles, It fs said, will take the
lead tn laying off a big proportion
of their men after tho Republicans
and Democrats have nominated
their candidates for president. Detroit la mentioned as an automobile
centre that has been most thoroughly organized to this end.
Capitalists blame the general
prosperity now prevailing for the
success which has attended the so-
called outlaw railroad Btrike. Their
reports tell them that railroad men
no longer willing to endure the low
wages and neglect of their old employment have been readily absorbed by other industries. It hu
been a perfect example of the em
baratement that Is alwayB felt by
employers when there is no reserve
army of Idle workers to drive down
or keep down tho wages of the em
L. W. I. U., Kamloops district,
per J. h. Peterson, $35; defense
fund and $3 miners fund, total,
f38; Hedley Metal Miners Union,
defense fund, $32, and maintenance
fund, $32, total, $64; J. Ley, Amalgamated Society of Carpenters &
Joiners, 2651, Victoria, $32.
Don't forget the O. B. U. danoe
and whist drive In the Cotillion
hall tonight (Friday). Gent* RO
cents, ladles 25 oenta. Splendid
prizes ior tlie whist drive.
Have Yon Registered?
The voters' Hats are now being
compiled, If you have.not register
ed you should do ao, the list is a
new one and the old Mat will not
be recognized. Tou should register
at onea1
Arrangements Made With  Co-operative Society to Supply
Manchester—The Building Guild,
composed of building trade unions,
.organized to take the government
contracts for building houses, Ib
how ready for business. An arrangement has been made- between
the Co-operative Wholesale ; Society and tht Building G uild,
whereby .the society places at the
disposal of the guild lta very large
resources in building materials In
every stage of manufacture. Aa the
co-operative la, next to the government, the largest-manufacturer and
buyer of building material hi the
kingdom, this meana that the Guild
Is now lna position to supply the
building material, aa well aa the
Members Do Not Want
Paid Organizer—Many
New Members
With fourteen new membera at
the commencement, of the regular
meeting of the General Workers
Unit of the O. B. U. and several
more just before the close, it would
appear that the new organization
ls making splendid progress ln
Vancouver. In fact the members
of this organization are ao satisfied with the situation that they
turned down a proposal to appoint
a paid organize^ and during the
debate the financial end of the proposal was never mentioned, the
opposition taking the stand that
any organization such as the O. B.
B. must of necessity be built up by
the membership and on a knowledge of the position of the workers
In industry, and not on a wave of
enthusiasm. The vote on this question showed that there was only 12
members in favor of having a paid
organizer In the field.
A special committee was appointed to arrange for a picnic In
the near future, it is intended to
extend an invitation to all O. B.
U. units and to make It a real get-
together affair. /
The organization committee reported that thero would be an organization .meeting for Plasterers
and Lathers on Thursday, the 17th,
and that there would be a meeting
for Ukrianiaus on the 21st, A num
ber of Ukrlanians were present at
the meeting, and requested an Interview with the organization committee, which retired and conferred with the delegation, and
brought in the report as above.
The entertainment committee
reported that all arrangements had
been completed for the dance on
Friday evening (tonight), In the CO-
tillion HaU, and that a splendid
programme had been arranged for
the smoking concert to be held on
the 18th ln the Pender Hall. It is
expected that the smoking concert
will be one of the greatest successes In the way of social functions that the organization has
held, and arrangements are being
made for a capacity crowd.
Sharp and Sudden Strike
When Prince Maroon- .
ed Successful
Will Deal With the Coming Crisis in Society
on Sunday
The usual propaganda meeting
of the Socialist Party of Canada,
will be held on Sunday night at
the Empress theatre, with Charles
Lestor as the speaker.
It Is to bo hoped that the workers of Vancouver will make a
special effort to be present at this
meeting. Events of vital import
ance are happening in different
parts of the world at the present
time, which to the student of sociology are full of interest; but to the
great majority of the working class,
these events are not understood.
Under the restrictions imposed by
the capitalist system of production,
society is drifting on to another
and a similar crisis to that which
confronted it ln the summer of
1914. And a social catastrophe will
follow, just as Inevitably as night
followa day. Social forces, like
natural forces, work ruthlessly and
destructively, until they are understood and thereby controlled. And
until the forces operating within
this advanced state of capitalist
production are understood by the
working class, the victims of this
system, just so long will they suffer
the servitude of wage slavery and
the mental, moral and physical degeneracy which goeB with it. Tho
workera must begin by acquiring
the habit of doing their own thinking; confidence will follow, and
with this now-found strength of
mind, so will there develop the audacity to challenge the position of
their masters, and to wrest from
them the power which at present ls
theirs. The working class must
achieve    Its    own    emancipation,
Meeting at 8 p.m. Doors open
at 7:30.
Questions and an open platform
for discussion.
Splendid  Btock  of literature  on
Subscribers, Ploaso Note!
Many aobscrlbcrs In renewing
thtlr subscriptions are sending in
Uie old price. Tho new rates are
aa follows: In Canada, $2.50 per
year; 91.50 per half year. United
States, 93.00 per year. If subwrll..
era win see that they send In tlie
proper amount It will aid us and
also avoid confusion.
New Zealand Government
Brought to Reason in
Short Order
[By W. Francis Ahern]    ,
(Special to The Federatlonltt)
It aeems that the rallwaymen of
New Zealand are students of payr
chology. At any rate, the fact that
they launched a sharp, sudden
atrike on April 27 laat, when the
Prince of Walea waa in the country,
and cut off from the outer world—
and food aa well—acted like a great
tonic to the New -Zealand, government, with the result that the railway men won through In perhapi
the most far-reaching atrike that
has ever taken plaee In that country. The Btrike lasted four daft,
and fhe men went back victorious
in every direction.
Bluffed Men
For years, ever since 1915, thd
railway men of New Zealand have
been asking for higher wages and
better conditions. For the same
period the New Zealand government has consistently bluffed them
out of their demands, always with
the promise that if they would.be
patient, they would ge't full settlement for their claims. When It
was seen that the railway men
were making up their minds to take,
drastic action, the New Zealand
government appointed a commission tovgo Into their demanda. The
result of the commission was Uttle'
better than a farce, and wholly.Inadequate to meet the situation.
Consequently, the men refused to
accept it aa a settlement of their
Men Had to Act
Finally lt came about that the
men had to take the matter Into
their own hands. On Tuesday,
April 27, a short, sharp, sudden
atrike call waa issued to take place
at midnight. It was the worst
shock Now Zealand had ever got,
and caused a huge sensation. The'
Prince of Wales waB ln the country
holiday making at Rotorua, accompanied by. his huge staff, practically the whole of the govern-
ment, and thousands of visitors,
Rotorua Is a small town which
does not carry a great stock- of
food—it being brought to the town
daily. It can well be Imagined What
kind of a sensation was caused
there when the notice came that
communication had been cut off.
Perhaps the fact that the dear
Prince and hts crowd of admirers
and flunkeys, might have to be rationed was the main reason why
the strike was gettlcd so hurriedly,
and on terms suitable to the men.
Attempt to Bun Trains Failed
Within a short time there was
not a train running on the North
Island of New Zealand. An attempt to drive a few trains with
scab crews dismally failed, Public sympathy was with the men, and
demonstrations were made againat
the scabs—so Intense that the
scabs soon threw up their jobs.
Appeals were made to the railway
men to run a train carrying the
Prince of Walea to Auckland, and
tnis was done, ao as not to spoil
the men's chance with the public.
Tb the government's first threats
that it would fight the strike,'the
men announced that lt waa willing
for an even go, and Intimated that
the transport workers, the poat and
telegraph employees, and the wat
erslde workers wore prepared to
Join the strike. An attempt to pro
long the strike by taking the Prince
of Wales to the South Island met
with the announcement that the
South Island men were just waiting the call to come on a strike,
too. Thus with the prospect of
seeing New Zealand In the throes
of an upheaval such as had never
been seen before, the government
began to consider Its position. Then
there was the added fact that the
Prince of Wales was in the country,
faced with the prospect of being
marooned, because of the railway
men on strike, with the added
knowledge that the post and telegraph men might strike any time,
and thus interfere with the great
publicity stunts that are being
worked everywhere the Prince
Saw the Game Was Up
The prime minister of New Zealand saw that thc game was up.
He hired motor cars and dashed
across country from the presence
of the Prince of Wales to the railway strike headquarters at Wol-
(Continued on page 5)
British Financiers Have
Full Support of Government Troops
Strikes Long and Fierce
Struggles Between Life
and Death
[By Agnea Smedley]'
(Written for tht Federated Preaa)
The opposition which the India
workers face, when compared with
the .relative organised strength of
western • labor, la overpowering.
Strikes are Uttle more than struggles "between life and death. Brit"
ish troops are called In, not only
aa a means of coercion and Intimidation, but aa strikebreakers, The
government uses prisoners1 and the
pe%e. force as strikebreakers.
Menial laborera are brought from
distant villages, not knowing what
they are doing.
'.The government also bofi appointed various "industrial councils
and courts" and today an "arbitration board" is proposed, to be composed of eight members, two of
which shall represent labor. The
board may also take on the principal executive officers from each of
the railway companies, in addition.
This board, if formed, will "settle"
labor disputes.
'The attitude of the public toward
ttie strikers is generally sympathetic, and the leading newspapers,
ai a rule, support the men. But
the attitude of the government, and
the employers also, is shown by the
sbeech of the governor of Bombay,
who recently addressed a gathering
of business men.
' "After the concessions which the
masters (employers) had agreed to
have been made public," he said,
speaking of the strike of the mil)
bands, "the men still showed disinclination to return to work, I
must regret that there has been
some recrudescence of the strike
spirit. I am confident that If the
ipen are so unwise as to be misled
to further strikes, and to further
demands, they will alienate from
themselves not only the goodwill of
their masters, but the sympathy of
the government aa well."
\ This speech about the goodwill
Of the "masters" and the government, was made after the strikers
had been forced to starve for
weeks, and after a number of them
had been killed and wounded by
government troops.
The necessity for labor organizations, and the necessity for strikes,
are ever present In the Indian
workman's life. His working hours,
with the exception of such centres
as Bombay, where human rights
have been wrung from the owners
only after Inhuman sacrifices,
runge from 12 to 17 and 18 hours
a day. The wages are miserably
low, ranging from 12 to 50 cents a
day. "Housing" conditions are not
"housing" conditions at all, but the
Workers live In miserable thatched
hats, "chawls," unfit for the habitation of animals.
Three factory lawa have been
enacted In India; the present Act,
as'amended In 1911, ia now In
force. This covers textiles, certain
branches of railway and engineering work, and applies only to establishments in which 50 or more
persons are employed. Small Industries, and industries not coming.under the above headB, do not
come under the aet. Under this
act, "no person shall be employed
in any textile factory for more than
12 hours in any one day," with
half an hour's recess at noon. Tbe
number of work days in the week
Is six.
Labor outside the factory has no
protection. Agricultural laborers
on plantations, workers In mines,
clerks, and workers in the small
industries other than factories are
not protected by the Factory Law.
They are "fre"e" to work as long
as their exploiters force them to
work, There are no Sunday holidays, and there are no vacations.
The wagea paid the Indian worker as a rule do not permit of
more than one meal a day. He Is
forcod to borrow money at high
rates of interest, and he is always
in debt. Often it is the employers
themselves who have money lending agents for the "benefit" of their
employees, until the worker Is
practically and in every respect a
slave. All the time, absentee landlords and shareholders in London
draw their big dividends. Indian
factories, along with Indian railways, are investments.
Moscow—In the Third All-Rua-
aian Trade Union Congress were
U.88 delegates, representing 4,328,-
009 members.
t^^-e--.—»■»■•»«■■—"t..« .■■"»«"■■•"»■•■-
Lift the Blockade Against Russia
Special Meeting
Sunday, June 20th, at 8 p. m.
Thousands arc suffering and dying for lack of medical
supplies due to the Allied blockade.
Under the auspices of S. P. C.
Send Donations to 401 Fender Street East
«,i».|n. ...nl li I. im . . ....I .In... 'I'. i, i. I '■ '. ."■ '■"• ■ * *". I I '■"" I ■"'■ » ' »">'■'!
Allen Theatre Contractors Do Not
Care to Pay the Union
Scale of Wages
Plasterers' Laborers who have
been trying for some time to obtain
an Increase In wages to come up to
the union scale, walked off the Job
at the Allen theatre Wednesday at
noon. The scale paid these men
was f fi.50 per day, whereas the
union scale calls for $7. Seven men
are Involved In this atrlke, and the'
building contractors have succeeded lp getting two to remain on the
job at the old scale.
Woodsworth at New Westminster
Everybody, come to the meeting
to be held In the New Weatminster
Labor Temple; corner Seventh and
Royal, June 14, at 8 p.m. Speaker,
J. S. Woodsworth.
Toronto Pays a Bigger
Scale and Sells Bread
at a Lower Cost
The aixth week of the Bakers'
atrlke atlll finds the men pretty
solid, only three desertions having
taken place during the whole period. None of these men, however,
have gone to work for Sheliy's or
any other big bakeries. An organiser of the Bakers Union arrived In
the city laat week, and has been
trying to open up a conference
with the master bakers, but these
declare that there la nothing to
discuss, and ao the matter stands,
today with both sides standing pat.
The union claims that the demand
of the men would not necessitate
an increase In the price of bread,
because the proflt derived out of
the bread sold to the'housewlfe is
more than enough to cover the increase. The Labor Gazette, Issued
by the Canadian government for
May gives figures ln connection
with the bakeries of Toronto. The
scale paid there amounts to $49 for
foremen, $45 for second hands and
Ml for third hands, with an eight-
hour day, and alt day work. Tho
average price obtained for bread in
Toronto, according to the Gazette,
is 8 7-10 per tb., while in Vancouver the present price Is 9 8-10
per Ib. The $42 asked for by the
men in Vancouver and vicinity
would only add* one-eighth of a
cent to every loaf produced. In
view of the above figures the bakeries must be making aome big
profits In this city, especially those
working on a big scale and the
wages asked for could easily be
met if the bakeries would be content with a smaller profit. Moat
of the bread now being produced
by the unfair bakeries finds its way
into the restaurants, the housewives standing pretty solid behind
the men. The union label will be
found on every loaf produced under
strictly union conditions.
Don't forget the O. B. U. dance
and whist drive ln tlie Cotillion
hall tonight (Friday). Gents 50
eents, ladles 25 cents. Splendid
prly.es for the whist drive,   -
Great   Britain   Restless
With Industrial and Political Discontent
(By Evelyn Sharp, London Correspondent, the Federated Press,)
London.—The labor situation
varies very little, although In detail
there are fresh strikes here, fresh
settlements there, bodies of men
who grow daily mor restive, and
employers take the high hand and
refuse to negotiate or make concessions.
The building strike in East Kent
hns reached a settlement, but grave
unrest prevails throughout the
building trade In most parts of tlio
country, Sectional strikes are in
progress, and outbreaks are threatened ln many qunrteis. The building employers' profits have risen
by 260 per cent., while tho Joiners'
wages (to take a section of the industry where the most serious discontent exists) have only risen by
98 per cent. At the same time the
movement for building houses by
direct labor Js on the increase. Several town and district councils huve
decided to employ direct labor in
tho currying out of local housing
schemes, and the policy is suid to
havo markedly bcneflclnl results on
the spirit ln which the work is carried out.
"The King's Writ runs only
where the British troops are located." So the Daily Herald sums
up the present situation In Ireland. News of barrucks burnt
down, revenue offices raided, police and soldiers shot, together with
retaliatory measures on the part
of thc Hritish Government readies
us every day. Troops arc being
poured into Ireland, and It Is understood that General Mucreudy is
urranging for the establishment of
hundreds of strongly garrisoned
blockhouses, a device similar to
thut adopted during the later
stages of the Boer war.
Ukrainians Will Held Dance
The L'lulanlan workers. In Vancouver will Hold a dance in the
Templetoh hall, corner of Ponder
and Templeton drive, on Saturday
ovening. The proceeds will be donated to thc Ukrainian Labor press
and thc defense fund,
Don't forget OUH •4wrtisers.
Firemen and Sailors Are
Losing Hope of Getting
Union Scale
No word haa yet been received
from General. Manager Teakle of
the Canadian Government Merchants' Marine authorizing the paying of the standard rate of wages'
to Firemen and Sailors. The Canadian government ships are atlll
paying $15 a month leas to firemen
than the union acale calla for deep
water ships and $25 per month less
than the coaat rate. Because of
this, many of the most efficient
men have left the Canadian aervice and have gone elsewhere, mostly to the united Statea, where the
working condltlona and wages are
better. In fact the exodus of Canadian Firemen and Sailors la gaining In numbers every day because
the men have given up hope of ever
getting the union acale from the
government. Only the other day
an American that came to thla port
left with fifteen CanadlanTiremen
and Sailors. Whether the government will wake up In time to retain the remaining efficient firemen and sailors aeema to be very
These Were  the Goals
of   the   Canadian
A New Social Order Was
Relegated  to
If the new social order, which
was to be an inevitable and Immediate outcome of the Old World
holocaust, ever really found a place
ln the psychology of the members
of the Canadian Manufacturers Association, it waa only necessary to
take stock of their proceedings at
this week's convention to realize
how completely it has already been
relegated to that limbo of oblivion
to which belong those other ephemeral things which pass, as the
poet says,
"And like the baseless fabric of a
Leave not a wrack behind."
Trade! Markets!        Profits!
"These be thy gods, O Israel!" That
was the sum and substance of the
talkee-talkee   from   beginning   to
Industrial Relation
Of course, lt was necessary to
give a Uttle lime to the matter of
"Industrlul Relations," a factor In
thc game which cannot possibly bc
ignored. And, of course, occasion
was taken once more to voice the
deep solicitude which the "master"
hus for his "man." Thus it was
pointed out by S. R. Parsons, the
association's delegate last October,
to the League of Nations International "Labor" conference at
Washington, how all the delegates
there were united in their "humanitarian" sympathies in dealing with
such matters as the working of women and children, the bettering of
conditions, and so forth; and how
his own refusal—"fortified by the
views of the (Canadian) employers"—to agree to an eight-hour
day, was really In the interests of
thc workers themselves.
Would  Bv a Calamity
In his own plant, he said, they
have an eight-hour day, with a cooperative committee dealing with
wnges and conditions, etc.; but a
universal eight-hour day would bc
a "calamity," especially for a new
country like Cunuda. "The employers of Canada generally were
wilh us fully and completely—
hopelessly In the mlnurlty aa we
were in voting against an eight-
hour day," he declared. The
United Statea wus not officially represented at the conference, but,
by their "reservations" to thu peace
treaty, they had "refused to bc tied
In matters of Lubor and all other
domestic matters;" therefore, he
claimed, they "will be with us in
tii Ih matter of the eight-hour day."
Consequently, "while we seemed to
he standing alone, we were really
standing for the United States of
8 Hours Not Long Enough
After complimenting the Canadian ministers at Washington, In
the absence of official represcnta-
toln from the United States, the
speaker continued: "Eight hours
is too long to work in some instances; it isn't long enough, possibly, lo work ln some others." It
should be left to Individual industries. Ah to the workers, he insisted: "Our assoclataes in business,
are our brothers. We ure working
for their happiness, but we feel
very deeply lhat a strict definition
(as to hours, etc.), would mean tbat
a mnn bad no chance tn rise." The
man who worked slavishly for only
8 hours a dny would naturally
never get anywhere!
It may be mentioned here that,
at the Washington conference, Mr.
Parsons und an employers' representative from Norway were the
only two that voted "nay" out of
84. It may also be mentioned that,
In moving the adoption of this "Itt-
(Continued on page 8)
$2,50 PER YEAR
Immigration Officials Al*
leged to Be Openly
Aiding Bosses
Buckley Bay Strike Is Settled—All Demands
Buckley Bay camp strike la settled, the men getting all condltlona
demanded. The mill atrike la atlll
on, also thoae at* Swanson Bay,
Norton Camp, Raza Island, Dollar
Camp, Union Bay, Kenny Bros.,
Royal Lumber Co., and the Klean-
aza Company at Usk.
Mainland Cedar camp 8, and
Brown camp at Port Neville, came
out demanding single beds, springs,
mattresses, blankets, sheeta and
pillows, all to be Installed by let
July. The bath house to be put In
working order within one week.
Two more waah tubs to be provld- j
ed. The superintendent replied refusing to remove the top bunks or
to build any more bunk houses,
claiming that the existing buildings gave the legal cubic air space.
Actually the men were getting less
than half the apace to which they
are entitled, consequently If the
Health Act* is enforced, half the
bunks must be taken out. He staled'the tank for bath had been,on
order two weeks. Here again is
further evidence that the company
la violating the health regulations,
for the camp never did conform to
the law, and would not have been
allowed to operate had the Provincial Health Act been enforced.
The foreman was instructed to saw
a barrel in half and mulct? two tubs.
Judging from the autocratic and
offensive manner in which the superintendent has always dealt with
the men's requests for camp condltlona In conformity with the Pro- .
vinclal and unton requirements, and
the muny strikes that have resulted
as a consequence, tue inevttuo.b
conclusion is that there will always
be trouble in the camps coming
under his supervision.
Strike Breakers from United States
The strike at Curgill Bay camps,
Simoon Sound, Is still on. The
company has secured a number of
scabs from across the line, and
from Information to hand, there
appears to be collusion between
themselveB and the Immigration officers to get the atrike-breakers In
to the country. The minister of
Labor und department ot Immigration have been wired to us follows: "Strike at camps ot Carglll
Co. who are bringing in strikebreakers from the States paying
them a dollar a day more than offered at local employment offices.
They already have a considerable
number of strike-breaker? in eamp
hired in the States. We have documentary evidence of this, and that
immigration department is knowingly admitting these men. excluding only those with union affiliations." m .
There Is a lock-out at Dempsey
Ewart Camp 2, Drury Inlet, owing
to the men's refusal to work overtime at straight time rate.
Must Check Baggage
Frequent complaints are made
that the steamship companies refuse to check passenger's baggage.
The la,wyers state that all shipping
companies must check baggage
other than that taken into tha
cabin. A fuller legal opinion will
Be given in next week's istue.
Kamloops district convention will
be held June 19.
Cranbrook district camp delegates meeting on June 20, to arrange for business at the July general convention. v
The Coast district convention will
be held commencing July 12. The
generul convention moat probably
tuking place on July 19. Membera
having questions they desire taken
up, should report them aa early as
possible, bo that the membership
can have the. fullest opportunity to
consider them, and instruct their
The O. B. U. employees at Rhev-
lln t*i Clarke's mill at Fort Frances,. Ontario, are on strike for an
8-hour day. Tbe A. P. of L. men
arc also taking similar action. Financial support Is needed. The International claim they can llnanco
their end. It's up to the O. B. U.
to support theirs, Send contributions to district secretary. Fort
If you believe In parliamentary
action, .get on the voters' list.
Is Sent Out by Winnipeg
Defense Committee
to Aid Funds
The British Columbia defence
committee has arranged for Com- .
rade J. S. Woodsworth, one of (he
men arrested in connection with
the Winnipeg general strike, to
speak at the Federated Labor Tarty
meeting in the Royal theatre next
Sundny evening. All collections
over expenses will go to the defense fund. Comrade Woodsworth
has been addressing meetings In
aid of the defense fund on th*
prairies for the last month or »e« I
striking particularly tho smaller
towns and putting up Labor's caw
to the "slaves of the farm." It is
not often that speakers from on%*M
side the city are available, and th*
defense committee ts seldom ab»*
to send a man out from Winnipeg PAGE TWO
twelfth tear. no. 24     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. a
..Juns   11,   KM
Men's High Grade
Hand Tailored Suits
Your unrestricted choice of more than 500 garments that sell regularly at
$55, $60, $65, $70, $75
Arnold & Quigley
546 Granville Street
Mt Urn* Mputmrat
Shoulder Rout Park, think Mil,
per Ib. >•%•
Shoulder Boast Pork, mlddl. nl,
yu lb. , *••
u.P ot Italy on™ ou, tu —.»i.»«
tleeet Vlne«sr, gallon i.r «So
Bor>l Vinojsr, O tet —. »M
Pork Special
On Fridsy .nd Saturdsy w. will
..II our famoni Pork Should.ro,
welghinj from *(4 u » Ibo., nr
uiu prie 8(0. lb., Fridsy ud
Saturday, P« 1<>. 00y,e
Con. ..rly and set a rood rout.
Provision Dopsrtmoet
Wo will oell 1600 lbi. ot our f.monl
Albert* freih-ehurMd Cresnury
Batter, trom 0 e.m. to 11 »J". on
Saturday; TH- 0 lta. tor $2.35;
Saturday mornlm ipeolll, 0 Ibl;
Ior    »»••»
Plnot Pot Roiiti, from lb. lie
Fineit Oven Routt, from, lb. 8M
Fineit Priae Bib Routt, from, lb. SSe
Fineit Prise Rib, boneleii, lb. ....30*
Pineil Slow Beet, Irom, lb — Mo
Fineit BoUinj But, fron lb. .aae
Sheet Bun—Special
O* Saturday morning ffom 8 tm.
to 12 noon, we will sell 600 lbi.
ot our fomoui   Ayrshire   Blot
Buon, re j. 550 lb. Special,
per lb.    *tt
Extra Special
Fineit   Canterbury...Lamb   Loins;
reg. 38c lb., special per lb. ..32e
Finest Canterbury Lamb Shonlderi
reg. 36c lb. ipecial, lb.  80*
Slater'a Sliced St'Osky Bacon, lb. SM
Slater'. Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb. 660
Slater'a Sliced Boneless BoU, lb. ISO
Grocery Depsrta.it
Qusker Pork and Beau. 8 for ....88*
Van Camp'. Pork and Beam, .
3 for    21*
Brunswick Sardinea, 8 for .._._.—96*.
Finest Tomato Soup, 2 fer 260
Fineit Jells,  each —.—150
Nabob Jelly Fo .'den, 2 for  26c
Holbrook'e Custard, 2 for  36*
Bird's Custard Powder, 2 for —85*
Quaker Corn    20e
Finest Tolbato Ketchup .250
Slater's Famous Tea ; 888
Blue  Ribbon  Tea   .68*
Slater'a Famous Coffee ...... 80*
Picnic Bam Special
Wa wiU asein   leU   ou   famous
Picnio Earns, weighing from 4
to 10 lta., reg. 38o lb.  Satur-
. day only, p.r lb. — 2D'/iC
Finest Beef Dripping, lb.  .
Ground Bone, for chickens, 5 lbs. 250
To* Special
From 8 a.m. to 11 a.m. we wlU
aell Nabob Best   Tea;   regular
65o lb.   Special, lb.  .69c
Limit 3 lbs.
Slater'a Famous Streaky Bacon, half
or wholo alab; reg.   68o   per   lb.
Saturday, lb. _  «Vio
129 Baitings Strut Eut (30 Granville Strett
Phone Soy. 0011
32(0 Mali Stmt
Phona Pair. 1888
Phon* Sly. 886
Attar 8 pjn. Phon Pair. 2724
Tooth facts
—not tooth
When Dr. Osier, Dr. Mayo and hundreds of other
equally qualified men warn you that root a) icesses
are & predisposing cause of all forms of digosUve
disturbances—appendicitis, kidney and,, heart disease and manifold other bodily harms, you know
sucb are tooth facts—not theories. A dangeroua
source of Infection may exist in your month—'
have me examine lt—delay la fatal.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Orown and Bridge Special!*
Corner Seymonr
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings SL W.
Vancouver, B. C.
The Discs of all
the recording companies
are played by the
No matter what recording company made the dlM
which strikes your fancy—whether Edison, Path*,
Victor, Brunswick or the others—Sonora will pixy
it without change of reproducer or extra attachments, and enhance the beauty of the music by
its wonderful tone. If you have not heard Sonora
tone you can 'have no conception of its limpid
clearness and rich quality. Hear any record played on a Sonora—in our music rooms at any time.
* All Sonora* May Be Purchased on Easy Term*
If It's Musical—We Have It
Oil Boats Took Ammunition to the Rebel
Policy i
Creel Likens Carranza's
to Lennine and
(By Helen Augur, Staff Correspondent Tho Federated Press)
New York.—Thero are plying
about scores of guesses, surmises,
theories temperamental and sociological, about the death of Carranza. From official sources there
are slipping bits of Information
which in a few days or weeks will
tell the story of the treachery on a
lonely mountain, after days of intrigue and of the wholesale murder of Carranza's followers. But
one little fact in the press despatches carrying early news ot tne
president's murder reveals the
whole pattern.
Carranza was killed by General
Herrero. Herrero was formerly ln
the employ ot the bandit Palaez.
And Palaez receives a weekly salary of from $30,000 to $300,000
from American oil companies.
Edward L. Doheny, president of
the Mexican Petroleum Co., testified before the Fall committee of
the Senate, on September 11, 1919,
that the oil companies in Tamplco
region were still supporting Palaez
In his revolt against the Carranza
Flourished on American Dollars
Palaez and other bandit "generals" flourishing on American
dollars have had all the ammunition they wanted. From dynamito
to bullets, they have been furnished the means of keeping the land
in continual ferment. Arid Carranza, duly elected President of
Mexico, has scoured the earth for
enough munitions to maintain a
milttary air in his army.
When thp old Mexican President
was riddled through and through
with rebel bullets, brought to Mexico In American oil ships, there
were lying in a New York warehouse 12,000,000 rounds of ammunition, paid for by the Mexican
Government. For six years the
Mexican Government has been paying storage on that ammunition,
because it hasn't been able to get
lt Into Mexico to supply the army.
For six years the Mexican embassy
at Washington has made protests
to the State Department, and Mexican agents abroad have attempted
to buy guns and bullets, Everywhere they have found that the
same interests which starved Carranza out of the ammunition field
in the United States had blocked
his purchases abroad.
Laden with BuUcta
The boats that bring oil back to
the United States have gone laden
with bullets to keep up the flght
against Carranza. The men who
own the boats and the bullets and
the oil have played a queer game.
In Mexico they have backed the
fiery revolutionists and radicals—to
down Carranza, and ln America
they have called Carranza a pro-
German and Bolshevik.
The stream of publicity Issued by
the National Association for the
Protection of American rights in
Mexico has consistently raised this
cry of "Bolshevik" against Carranza, the middle-class Liberal,
ln thousands of pamphlets sent out
to the colleges and farm houses and
public libraries of the country. The
moderate reform constitution of
1917 is thus lined up with anarchism In a pamphlet by Ira Jewell
Williams (who is heavily Interested In oil stocks) Issued by the association:
"I have no extraneous evidence
that the Carranza constitution of
1917 was framed by Alexander
Berkman and Emma Goldman, but
I am convinced that there is nothing in that document to give
offense to those militant champions
of liberty unregulated by law.
Creel's Opinion
"You say we are not far afield
from Mexico? No.' The Utopia
alike of Trotsky and Carranza is a
despotism of force under the guise
of a great popular reform."
George Creel, former chairman of
the Committee on Public Information, Is quoted:
"As a matter of fact, there is no
Mexican question. It is simply a
Carranza question."
How the FaU committee, which
acted as an effective branch of the
publicity department of the oil
men's associations, felt about Carranza, is suggested In a virulent
pamphlet called "I Accuse," composed by Wallace Thompson, formerly, news editor of the Mexican
Herald, and associated with the
Fall committeo. After recounting
tales of the murders of Americans,
the destruction of property and liberties under the Carranza regime,
and emphasizing the sufferings of
American capital under that system, he comes to thiB quaint confession:   ^
"When the sub-committee . '. .
began taking testimony, it seemed,
as if its findings were sure to be
to the effect that there was no hope
of solution of the Mexican problem
inside of Mexico. One correspondent event went so far as to state
'that the committee was already
across the border when its deliberations began. However, as the
taking of testimony continued, It
developed that the chief thing
that was the matter with Mexico
was President Carranza, The committee made every effort, In my
opinion, to get away from the personal-, issue, but almost .every bit
of testimony which it could1 obtain
bore inevitably to this conclusion."
The Fall Committee
The Fall committee could obtain
only this sort of evidence because
fts witnesses were composed largely of paid representatives of the
association, and   these   witnesses,
down from Franklin K. Lane, ■- recently Secretary of the Int«frio:r,
and, now drawing a salary of $5fl^-
000 annually an vice-president of
the Mexico Petroleum Co (th6:IK>-
heny concern), could naturallg)fyje
only one thing, Carranza was. the
trouble with Mexico, because his
laws tended to free the workers
and develop the land for 'Ihj^f
benefit, and because the American
Investing Interests were thusi*obai-
gated to pay Palaez and other bandits much gold to stir up the country against him. -*■■- '
How deeply this simple lessoh
has sunk Into the minds of those
aspiring to pow%r in CarrawiA's
place Is suggested by the very cot-
dial assurances sent the American
government by Obregonlsts that
all will now be welt for the Investors. Robert V. Pesquicra, who expects to be appointed Mexican ambassador to Mexico If Obregon Is
made president, says in an El Paso
"The oil question that has caused
so much trouble, is going ' to' 'bo
settted, and it will be a just settlement. Not one dollar of foreign or
other property will be confiscated.
Please make this as. plain as you
It Is as plain as it can be. The
exchange of guns for oil will continue to be a pretty good bargain
in Mexico for some time to come.
There is a little mystery about Carranza being unable to get guns, as
there Is In an obscure general indirectly connected with Wall Street
killing him upon a dark mountain.
Mexico ls today faced with
a tragic decision. She may
yield to an Obregon regime,
and buy a false peace with her
honor and the, wealth of her soil.
Or she may make one more desperate attempt to establish a workers'
government, and turn to flnd tha
American fleet in Tamplco harbor.
Either Way Mexico Lose*
Either way she loses, And either
way the American investor stands
to gain, If Obregon or Gonzales
or any other aspirant comes Unto
power, It will be at the price of
his country. In the flrst place, he
must gain his power and maintain
it by a militarist regime, which is
only possible with the aid of America. In the second place, he will
be accorded recognition by Washington only on condition that the
fullest1 co-operation" be accorded
American investors. He will get
the gold and the guns to .keep the
people down if he turns over to
America the oil and copper and
^lsal and hemp of Mexico,
If the disillusioned workers of
Mexico attempt now or at the elections, to stage a real revolution,
.and establish a real Labor government, they will play neatly into th)
hands of the Wall Street grijuj.
For there is no power on earth '{.hat
can stop Intervention If ajsray.
dispute should arise across L-tbi
border. ■
I. tut
Would Delight Republican^ ,
From a political point of view,
nothing could give more dtillgtt-'tf
tho Republican party than to se;
the Mexican workers rise ag^li^r
the de facto government, and1 at-*
tempt to place a Labor reglm'i ;in
Its place. Those in high placeiQfir!
mlt that it Is beyond the realm of
possibility that President Wilsoh
conld provent intervention in such
a crisis. And the blood of the Intervention would thus be upon his
head, and on the Democratic regime. The old cries of "shilly-shally"
Democratic Mexican policy would
be raised In direct proportion to
the nearness of election day, and
a war naturally repellant to the
normal citizen would become a
campaign issue of the closest significance.
Mexico has in fact already become a campaign Issue, and the
market value of generals as presidential possibilities is mounting
with every fresh complication.
The people who ought to know
are showing very little disposition
to expect a working class rebellion.
The great American bonking and
business in Mexico fully anticipated
a period of militarist government
No clearer description of the hopeless sltupatlon of the Mexican people at this moment could be mode
than that appearing.In the private
financial reports emerging from
those Wall Street interests.
Make Money Out of Mexico
One of them starts with a hilarious whoop inviting everybody to
jump in and make money out of
Mexico, . . . "Mexican government 5 per cent, gold bonds, ma*
turing In 1945 are a 'cinch.' Mexican oil properties ore truly great,
while Guggenheim's 'Smelters' will
return an enormous yield to the
patient holder.
In Mexico the political effect of
'martyred' fugitive Carranza's taking off will probably be neither
deep nor lasting. The dead pass
with uncommon sbeed In Mexican
publlo life. Nothing can now stay,
seemingly, the rapjd march of the
Obregon revolution to complete triumph. A decent respect to the
opinion of Mexicans and of the
outside world will be paid by going
through the forms of an inquiry
Into tho circumstances of Carranza's
death. The last honors will be
paid him with overy mark of prl-
vftte and official sympathy. Then
will swiftly follow the procedure of
playing in power, under an ingenious color or organic law, what will
call itself a popular government
but what will be In reality a W
tary oligarchy.
No Guesswork .......
Upon such assurances wty^h;
arise from knowledge, not from
guess work, men are going down,
to the Stock Exchange day after
day to make their fortunes. When
financial news sheet in Walk
Street says there, Is going to be a
military oligarchy ln Mexico, ffnff
advises everybody that they can
now Invest their money safely RS
that country, the chances of a saav
cessful revolution grew pale.
So sure are the Investors of their
ground that they are already preparing the new attitude which the
average American must now assume toward Mexico. We must all
forget our rage against Carranza,
and adopt a conciliatory attitude
toward the Mexican people, so they
won't realize how they are being
tricked. The National City Bank,
which joined the National Association for the Protection of American Rights in Mexico, in January,
1919, and has been one of the active powers behind that organization, has the new attitude ready
made ln review, The Amerlcus,
published for its members.
'There Is no question but that
the great mass of the Mexican people are friendly toward America.
The educated classes know with
what forbearance this government
has treated insolence on the part
of the Carranza government, and
they are anxious to see established
In their country a government
which will accord the other nations of the world the courteous
treatment. which they themselves
expect and which they have always
received from the United States.
In spite of troubles that may come
during the next few months, and
outward appearances that may
make It appear that Mexico Is
merely keeping up to its favorite
pastime of revolution and. civil
war, there ls sound reason for expecting that great constructive influences are at work, and that a
happier and more prosperous epoch
is nearly at hand."
. The protests that the Mexicans
will undoubtedly make against a
military regime they dread with a
desperate weariness of strife, are
thus taken care of and explained
before they occur.
The article also excuses in advance' the ruin and' disorder which
will inevitably fall upon Mexico
under a second regime like that of
Huerta: •
"It would be unwise to expect the
leaders of the present revolt to
work miracles so far as the pacification and development of the
country are concerned. Such work
takes time, especially after the dis-
organlzatlng tactics of Carranza
and his followers. Work Is the
only cure for Mexico's troubles, but
a populace which has been robbed
of the results of its work so often
in the past is likely to be sceptical
of the future until measures can be
taken that will convince the ordin
ary citizen that a new era is actually at hand.
"In six months or a year, however, a radically different picture
should be presented in Mexico. At
no time since the retirement of
Porflrlo Diaz have, th'e nation's
leaders been so united on Insisting
upon a new deal, and it Is a matter for the Blncerest congratulation In America that the men who
will undoubtedly control the de
facto government until the regular
elections can be arranged for, are
men who realizo the true relations
which should exist between Mexico
and its northern neighbor, and
who will do everything in their
power to make such relations a
matter of fact rather than theory."
Nine-tenths of the promises and
gestures the Mexican candidates
are making now are for the bene*
flt of these "northern neighbors."
The two shining possibilities, Pabjo
Gonzales and Gen. Obregon, are
running a race for Wall Street's
favor and support during the election period. The man wtth the
biggest promises ^elll win. Gonzales, who was acute enough to slip
Into Mexico City early enough in
the revolution to hold that centre,
has so far succeeded In making
Obregon sleep in the suburbs. They
are holding their positions now by
the rule of arms, and a people stirred profoundly by the murder of
their faithful and hard-working
president, hardly dare dream of
land and peace.
Perhaps they will make the attempt to break through the ring
bandits' guns. But they will flnd
behind that a wall of iron, the unflinching p'urpose of Wall Street
Wall Street doesn't think they willl
even try, this time.
The Inter-Church Message
(By HENRY W. NEVINSON, in the Manchester Guardian)
THERE is no city so dreamlike judgment," and he began his ad
—so like an unrealizable city
of romance—aa New York.
When I approached it from thft sea
it suddenly emerged before me as
a vision of fairyland or the legend
of an Arabian tale. Rain and mist
swept over it Sea and sky were
sullen grey, and perhaps the vision
was all the more magical. I have
often conceived splendid cities, but
it was almost impossible to believe
that this was real. At last I had
discovered a city of satisfying
splendor. Against the grey sky
rose that superb outline of deeper
grey. Building grouped beside
building rose to irregular but always to amazing height. In all the
beauty of simplicity, straight and
untouched by ornament, they rose.
It was a common marvel tljat they
could stand. Common earth would
have yielded and sagged under
their enormous weight. But they
stand founded upon unyielding
rock, as I suppose nO other great
city has ever been founded, unless
it was Athens herself. From the
midst of the group, which seemed
as though It had arranged itself for
grandeur, rose a vast tower higher
than all the rest. I suppose it rises
nearly to the height of the Shropshire Wrekkin.
"Surely," I thought, "that must
be the cathedral of this magnificent
dream. For if there is any God to
be worshipped in this undiscovered foreign land, He must needs be
worshipped there.".
But It was not the cathedral. It
was the Woolworth Building,
strictly commercial edifice. I have
met an old native of New York
(almost as rare an apparition as
the last of the Mohicans) who bitterly regretted the change of twenty or thirty years. Before that
time the spire of Holy Trinity
Church waa a landmark .for the
whole city, visible from every
point. That spire cannot be discovered now, unless you look hard
for It somewhere down near the
earth's surface. I pointed out to
the regretful native that the Wool-
worth Building was at least as visible as the spire had ever been. But
he refused to be comforted. He
maintained that the building was
not the same thing as the church,
and It was no good arguing on that.
Satire would be easy, but the
astonishing thing ls that New
York appears to retain a simple-
hearted sort of religion. I was
present at a crowded meeting In
the Hippodrome (Sixth Avenue),
which I suppoae holds more than
half a3 many people as tho Albert
Hall. It was called by "The Interchurch World Movement of North
America"—a ftiovemeut of SO Protestant churches or sects acting In
combination to Christianize the
earth. Apparently the' Anglican or
■"Episcopal" Church stands aloof,
either from habit or because it
does not like to be called Protestant any more than I should. But
the other 30 claim nearly 15,000,-
000 members, or about 60 per cent
of American Protestants. And
their object Is to compel the people
of the United States, as they put it,
"to see the programme of Christ."
The more Immediate object of the
movement is to raise within five
yoars a fund of $336,777,572 for
the purpose of expanding and
"standardizing" Christianity. Ob-
serve-the'love of accuraoy in the
two dollars mentioned at the end
of that sum.
My flrst information of the meeting came from a large advertisement announcing, "Faith! Hard-
headed Business Men are agreed
that Faith is needed under present
Conditions." Knowing that a good
deal was 0eede'd under present conditions, I went, all the more gladly
because Mr. John D, Rockefeller,
Jr., was going to. speak, and I had
heard of him as a young man who
is trying, with earnest solicitude,
to pass a camel through the eye of
a. needle. The big audience flowed
pver on to the stage, but places
were kept for four women in
white, dressed as wingless angels.
At three o'clock they rose, set
cavalry trumpets to their mouths,
and led the audience in the familiar American hymn, "Hold the
fort, for I am coming," the words
of which were thrown upon' the
screen with the music. When we
had flashed the answer back to
heaven for the last time, the four
angels played us "The Lost Chord,"
ln unison on their trumpets, and
Mr. Rockefeller read a chapter of
Revelation, so crammed with fantastic symbolism that one longed
at eyery line to ask for Interpretation. He was then introduced by
the minister of the Brick Presbyterian Church, as one who had
"caught a vision of the Movement
with   his   accustomed   clarity   of
Mr. Rockefeller suffers under
similar disadvantages to many of
the British aristocracy: he is both"
born great and has greatness
thrust upon him. The representative and heir of the great Trust,
Combine, Syndicate. "Octopus," or
what you will, Is a fair-haired,
slim, and elegant young man, apparently healthier than most millionaires I have seen from a distance. Yet I wondered how much
he enjoyed life; for, indeed, the
amount of fun that one can buy
is after all limited. I am told
that,- in fact, the whole family
cares very Uttle for enjoyments,
but is much given to the strangely
difficult and unsatisfactory task of
doing good. I have been told, but
forget, the exact number ot million dollars that it expends upon a
thing called the Rockefeller Foundation—apparently a kind of private charity organization society,
but, one hopes, endowed with more
human kindness as well as more
money. The sorrowful young man
of great possessions spoke ln i
pleasing voice and without hesitation, I could, indeed, follow almost every word from a typewritten copy of the speech given
me by a steward with the polite
ness often shown to writers outside
England, for ke saw me taking
The world, said Mr. Rockefeller,
has been seeking some solution of
the great problems pressing on lt
—industrial, political, and   others.
(It has indeed.)    Force has been
tried, and It has ended in ruin. Individualism has been tried, and lt
ends in the selfishness,    the
seeking, the thoughtlessness of the
masses in these lands.   (And uot of
the masses   only,   one   supposes.)
"Now," sold Mr, Rockefeller,
we are hearing leaders ln the
business   world   saying   from
time to time that the Golden
Rule must be Introduced into
business, and that   only   will
solve the problem of industrial
life.   Little 'by  little  we  ar*
coming to realize that after all
the solution ls to be  nothing
new, but simply the relntro- •
duetion into the   .hearts   and
lives of men and women of the
spirit and the life of the simple
Carpenter of Nazareth,
Yes, certainly, the doctrine ls familiar.   If it were rather less familiar   It   might   sound   a -little
dangerous   In   these   troublesome
times.   But not even the American
D. O. R. A. would clap a Rockefeller Into gaol aa a Radical, Socialist, or Bolshevik (terms pretty
nearly Identical here).   And so the
young man continued to expatiate
upon the advantages of Christianity, which no one cares to question
because no one dares to practice.
A master ot statistics followed him,
and showed, by elaborate diagrams
what a large number of people now
In the world have never even heard
of Christ or the Thirty Churches.
Them also the vast fund of dollars
is to serve, and it was interesting
to hear that even the negroes of
the Southern States are to share ln
the blessing.
After Uu diagrams we sang, "My
country, 'tis of thee, sweet land
of liberty," each line being illustrated on the screen by a picture
of American scenery, home life, or
symbolic statuary. As you know,
the tune is the same as that of our
National Anthem, and lt was In*
terestlng to speculate on the pictures that we in England might use
to Illustrate the linos "Confound
their politics, frustrate their knavish tracks.". Towards the end of
the meeting a scene was shown -described as a poet's dream of the
Christian Church united—the "Interchurch" of the Movement. It
was the very Image of the Wool-
worth Building.
A Fashionable Dress
Clearance of Summer Modes
in Endless Variety
A sale et breathless Interest to every Vancouver woman.
Famous is unloading Its surplus June stock regardless of price—"
values so golden—prices so low—tkat quality in dress was never
so easily procurable at any season,
From Maker
to Wearer
The Home of
Authentic Style
Near OranvUle
When through with this paper,
pass lt on.
Sohnectady—The American Labor Party of New York State made
Its bow to the political world In a
rousing convention Just ended
here. Three hundred delegates
from fifteen counties attended, at
the call of the American Labor
Party of Greater New York, Every
city of more than 10,000 population
sent delegates, and the party swept
the central labor bodies of New
York City, Schenectady, Troy, Port
Jervis, Fort Edwards, Watertowta
and Amsterdam,
Milwaukee—The order of the
Milwaukee fire and police commission refusing to license private detective agencies on the ground that
they are frequently merely anti-
Labor organizations, was sustained
In the Milwaukee circuit court by
Judge O. N, Histoid, who denied an
injunction petitioned for by three
agencies against enforcement of the
law under which their licenses were
Mason & Risch
—stylish In
—full of tone
On* trial will
■how yon why we
have * hard tlm*
to make enough
Ibb tf urnenti to
■apply th* do-
We'll exchange for other initratnents
and give you time to pay the balance.
Catalogues free. *
AU Cabinet Stylw
Mason & Risch, ltd.
Makar ef KesoB A Blsch Fiuoi.
Store OIdhi st « p.m. oa Saturdsys
Guaranteed Coal
Means—  •
If our coal ii not satisfactory 'to you, after yon
havo thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
ooal is left and charge you
nothing for what you havt
You to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour nil asd tea
eomanoiAL aidhi
Phono S.ymour Ties
Third rioot, Woiid Betiding, Vancouver, B. O.
Priced to
II you me practicing economy, you'll flnd Uu Marketaria ready to assist yos.
Everything ot the beat quality at prices that you'U bt
pleased to pay.
Linen Laundry Soap, 5 cakes ..tie
Pslm OUt. Soap, per tablet ...10e
Toilet Soap, assorted. 0 cakol SSe
Toilet Papor, i rolls  250
Dry Green Peas, 3 lba. 26o
Small White Beans. 3 lbs. SSo .
Marmalade, lib. tlna, 1 for ...Ue
Dominion Soups, Tomato snd Vegetable, 2 Una    SSo
Prunes, choice stock, a lbs. —..IBs
Tapioca, 3 lba  85o
Rolled OsU, 61b. sack «7S
Quaker Tubes, Boiled OsU,
per pkf.   SOe
Lily WUt. Syrup, 5-lb. tins ....70.
B. O. Psollo Milk, lsreo csas,
a for   IBe
St. Chsrles MUk, per lsrse csn ISe
Now Grass Fresh Cresaury Bntter,
per lb. .i .70s
Flu Csnsdlsn Cheese, lb SSe
Local Now Laid K««s, fresh daily.
psr dos. H  .SOe
The Home of Quality
Seymour 11M
Greateat Stock ol
In Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
U Hutligi Itnot Wert
ana Non-alcoholic wises ef to
Labor Power Regenerated
—at the—
Meals of the Best— Pricei
P. Gibb
67 Oordova SL W.
Near the Loggers' Ball   ,
Save* labor. •The Coupon*
with eaeh package are a
value in themselves.
THESE line Spring days mak. you want to get out doom aad
enjoy yourselves.     •' *
Whether you are a disciple of Isaac Walton or a baseball enthusiast, we are here to take care of your every need; We havt
the largest stock of high-grade Ashing tackle and sporting goodi
ln British Columbia, all moderately priced.
For Sale at all stands
Weatminater Brewery Oo. THIS FAOE IS MID FOB BT THE
OF THE 0. B. V.
?2.50 PER YEAR:
Lumber and Camp Workers
—Industrial Unit News=
McDonald * Murphy's Oamp
This camp Is situated on the
fieach ahout seven miles southeast
ot Campbell River. There are
about 70 men In camp, ten men In
each bunkhouse. Htve top bunks,
but the company promised to -remove them aa soon as.new camp la
built. Company supplies all bedding, «heets are changed once a
week, for which we pay $L00 per
week. Meetings are held on second
and fourth Tuesdays of every
month. The following motions
have been passed in this camp:
"That we, the workers of said
eamp, be 100 per cent, organized."
New men are given one week to
Join the organisation, or in case of
arrears are given same length of
time to pay up.
"We, the workers of said eamp,
went on record that in future no
aalaried official shall be eligible
for delegate to a convention, nor
•hall he have any voice or vote,
with the exception to answer questions."
We also sent ln a recommendation that two organisers be put In
the field on the coast district, as we
realise that If this organisation Is
going to live, different^tactics have
get to be adopted at oncjs. We ajeo
kave appointed a committee to Interview the members of the I. T.
Co., and Merrill, Ring and Moore,
to flnd ways and means for a better understanding ot conditions regarding this organisation.
This camp ls owned by the North
River Lumber Company, and ie
situated about ten miles east ot
Blue River, C. N. IJ,, Kamloops
district. At present there are about
li men working there. l*ie mill
will be operating for the first time
In the ne« few days. At present
things are a little bit crowded ln
temporary quarters, which will be
remedied as soon as lumber is
available for the new camps.
I am Informed that lt is the intention of the management to build
four men bunkhouses, to furnish
beds, springs and mattresses,
blankets, sheets and pillow cases;
also to build bath houses with hot
and cold water. O. B. U. hours
and wages will prevail. The manager, Mr. Etter, states, "We intend
to make conditions for the men as
good as any of the camps on the
coast." The cook house Is to be
built and equipped according to the
requirements of the present gnstro-
nomlcal artist. Fellow-worker Joe
Keenan, and his many friends in
this district feel assured that things
will be fixed up all right. Joe says
fee has had no trouble In getting
anything he ordered, so needless to
aay the grub is good. This camp
kas made a good start, being about
100 per cent, organized and camp
delegate elected. If things materialize as promised, this camp will
be a model that other outfits on the
North Thompson River would do
well to copy, as no improvement
la yet discernable from the old-
style slave pens In this neck of the
DEL.  S325
The members In camp would like
to bear the opinion of other-camps
on the following question:
"Recently a member who was
working as fireman on a swing
donkey, was fired because he refused to give some assistance on
the main line, which rolled hard
trom the drum. His refusal being
based on the grounds that he was
too busy splitting wood and firing,
to have time for other work, without neglecting his duties. He had
previously refused to give a hand
To All Delegates in the Kamloops
THERE will be a district convention held In Kamloops at the L.
W. I. U. hall, on June l»th, 1920,
to transact such business as may
eome before the meeting, and to
elect delegates to the general convention, to be held at Winnipeg.
By Order of the District Executive
Now, as the members that were
elected to the executive board are
not acting, the next ipan with the
highest amount of votes wtll act as
as executive member, that leaving
the executive board as follows:
Frank Billings, Ed. Cohoe, J. F.
Johnson, Geo. Lawrey and the dlatrlct secretary, J. L. Peterson.
Oenersl Hostqtsrteis:
Vaneonvsr, B. O.i B. Wiacb, tl Oordova Stnet Wait
Oranbrook, B. O.i I. H. Thompson,
Cranbrook   District—Logsl    adviser:   Oeorge Spreull.
Kamloops B. 0.; J. L: Petorson, Box
112, 3 Victoria Stmt.
M.rrit, B. 0.; W. S. Klines, Box I.
Kelson,  B. O.i  B. Barrow,  Ooneral
Meetlnge sre bold in the O. B. U.
Hsll, Bsker Street, Nelson, on tbo
flret.aud third  Sunday of each
montb at 8 p.m.
Prince Oeorge, B. O.; 3. Stevenson,
Drawer 20.
Frince Bupert, B. O.i 3. H. Burrough,
Box 833.
Vancouver, B. 0.; 3. M. Clarke, 61
Oordova Street West.
Vlctoris, B. 0.; E. Waterson,  1121
Oovernment Straet.
Bdmonton, Alta.;  0. Berg,  10333—
101st Streot East.
Prince Albert, Sask.; Oeo. Tether, 108
—8th Street East
Wlnnipog, Man.; Lumberworkers' Union, 196 Henry Avenue.
Sudbury, Out.; Wl Oowsn, Box 1031,
Lisgsr Street.
Pert Francis, Out.; T. Usee, Box 300,
Webster Hsll.
Oohstt, Ont.; J. D. Oluney, SI long
Timmins, Ont.;   Lumberworkers   District Soontary, 10 Socond Ave. P.
0. Box 200.
Hoatresl; D. Bluett., tt St Lsarent
Itnot  .
'on the main line. At a meeting,
which was held, he asked the boys
to regard his case as one of discrimination, and to demand his reinstatement, and to be prepared to
take whatever action necessary to
obtain same. This the meeting refused to do on the grounds that lt
was customary for a fireman to
render assistance In helping to pull
the line vvhen necessary. He considers the meeting fell down on
the proposition. Hence our request for the opinion of other
Mclntyre 4 Levlolctte Oamp
There are 82 men In this camp,
and'all In the union. The eompany
furnishes blankets, soap and matches free to the men. There are eight
men to a bunk house. Have a bath
house and dry room and a storehouse with a room .for the cook and
flunkey. The company furnishes
the best of food on the market, but
the cook we have at present could
be a whole lot better. However,
there, are prospects of a ohange ln
the near future.
I wish to call particular attention to engineers, carpenters and
all other mechanics concerning the
settlement ot the strike at the
Dolly Varden Mine, Alice Arm,
B. C. The clipping taken from a
Prince Rupert paper will certainly show them they have been left
out in the cold. The miners, muckers, steel sharpeners and laborers
all got an increase of wages. The
mechanics got nothing, which ls
Just what they asked for, although
the company paid them all off, or
ln other words, fired them just the
same when the strike was called.
Tou will please note Bro. Mechanics, which side your bread is buttered on. The union scale as paid
ln Vancouver Is to be the pay of
the mechanics up here. That is the
International scale, which from my
experience seems to range even in
Vancouver from 25 cents to 60
cents per day. Fourth-class engineers get $165 per month, less
board; third-class engineers, 1175
per month, less board; all paid for
80-day month, which ln the case of
the fourth and third-class men is
less than the International scale.
Carpenters 36.25 per day, donkey
engineers 366.25 per day. Now,
Bro. Mechanics, just because a certain scale ls paid in Vancouver it
doeB not say it should apply to
northern B. C, where the time and
money spent getting to and from a
Job Is very expensive and runs
well into a month's pay. Take, for
instance, the expense of getting to
the Dolly Varden. Tou take the
boat at Vancouver on Monday, getting to Anyox on Thursday, fare
333.85 first class, which is the only
way a human being should travel,
as those of us who have travelled
second class well know. Fare from
Anyox to Alice Arm 32.50, hotel
expenses at least $5, lt takes one
day to walk from Alice Arm to the
mine, 18 miles. Total days to get
to work from Vancouver five days,
which, at, say 36 per day, ls 330.
making a total expense of getting
to. this Job of 370.35, for one way
only.. I hope some of you boys will
do a littu figuring before you come
up here to v ork for the same rate
of pay as Is paid ln Vancouver. I
am exiled in the snow drifts, which
at present are anywhere from two
feet to 10 feet at this writing, and
hope to see Vancouver again as
soon as I can make the coin. The
sleeping accommodations are bum.
The bunkhouse is built over the
dining room and kitchen. All the
odors from the kitchen come into
the sleeping quarters and are
onough to choke one when the cook
browns our table d'hote a little
too much, or burns the biscuits to
a..turn. This Is to be changed, I
understand, In the near or distant
future, one can never tell.
Now, Bro. Mechanics, you are to
get nothing unless you register a
kick. If the International won't
look .after your Interests, well, go
with those who will. Tou have
only one choice and nothing to
lose. These statementa#re all facts
and are written by an- International
mechanic, who has been brought
up here.
Some Particulars of the Basis of
Agreemont Reached
The International men who went
to Alice Arm from Vancouver,
after a meeting with the O. B. U.
and International men ln Prince
Rupert, had a meeting with the
strikers on arrival and stood solidly behind them ln the dispute. All
demands were granted. Miners
will get 36.25; muckers, 16.75;
trackmen, $6.75; cooks and mechanics, etc., union scale. It will be
some time before the mine is opened up again."
Defense Fund
L. W. I. U„ Kamloops district,
collected by Harry Scott, King
Fisher Driving Camp, Enderby, B.
C„ 328.50 as. follows:
Basil Chambers, $1; Jim Manning, $1; .Hm Chlsholm; C. Carmo-
ty, $1; C. Larson, $1; R. Chamber-
lln, |1; Wm. Cody, fl; A. J. Cav-
rlns, $1; A. Sequin, Jl; Dan An-
towln, tl; Arthur Alex, 81; Harry
Scott, 81: T. V. Mnn-ow, $1; P.
Camcrth, 31; James Willard, $1;
Edward Turner, 11; Chow Young,
tl; Jack Bates, 81; F. Quencll, 81;
E. A. Tcwksbury, 31; D. McKenin,
81; Louis Novothy, SOc; E. J. Anderson, $1; A. Muluk, 31; Harry
Galbrash, 81; Carl Rcdimen, 31;
Hugh Gallagher, 31; L. Doneley,
31; R. J. Robinson, fl. Total,
Collected by Delegate Alex. Miller from employees of North River
Lumber Co., Blue River, B. C, 813
aa follows:
Joe Keenan, 82; W. H. Ohm, fl;
J. Bowers, fl; B. Kumluk, fl; Dan
McKinnon, 31; Gust Wallin, 81;
Fred W. Llndqulst, fl; J. Bone, fl;
M. Etter, 82; E. Kutakayfo, fl;
Jobn Grovskey, 31.   total, $13.00.
Personally we are not interested
in recognizing or enlarging upon
the natural or artificial divisions,
whether of race, color, creed or location, that exist between workers,
except for the purpose of breaking
down these barriers and bringing
to the workers of the world a
recognition of their unity of interest. Nevertheless, it haa to be
recognized that the boss, whose
antagonism to the unity of labor is
undying and irremovable, Is prepared to resort to any means to
build up and keep alive thla division; consequently, if he were a
little more efficient tn his methods,
he would not make such a Blip as
he ls doing in supporting and circulating on this side of the line the
Labor and Industrial Journal,
which has applied to the U. S.
Patent Offlce for the registration of
that title. The declared "principle" professes to be printed In
Vancouver, B. C, but all communications are to be addressed to
Seattle. The associate editor Is
E. B. Flsh, who, ln his desire to
get a place in the sun, and there
bask In the smiles from the philanthropic employers, who for
value received will pay the piper,
he is willing to give lectures on
the question of "Democracy and
Bolshevism," giving of course the
definition of these principles that
will please those who call his tune.
At a festive gathering held ln
the Vancouver Hotel on November
7, at which the B. C. Loggers' Association were hosts, this "Ash" got
rid of the following bait which he
had swallowed and knew his hearers would: "It Is your duty to
weed tbe agitators out of your
camps and mills. When their
belly ia againBt their backbone you
will be able to do something that
will stick."    (Applause.)
For the Information of those who
are his financial supporters, and
who usually comprise his audience,
whether at meetings or as readers
of the paper, we might add, "When
you get rid of such propagandists
as Flsh and his paper, and recognize that the workers, -even the so-
called agitators, are human beings
and entitled to be treated as such,
and that some consideration other
than the utmost profit should enter Into your relations with the
men ln your employ, then you may
fxpect as great a degree of good
feeling will exist ln your particular
Industrial activity as Is possible
within a system based upon proflt
and the wages system.
This camouflaged labor paper
had an article on the front page
on Empire Day, and the last page
Is devoted to "The American Constitution," which the editor urges
his readers to become familiar
with. Part of Article I says: "Congress shall make no law . , .
abridging the freedom of speech,
or of the press."
'Tis rather amusing to urge readers and wou!<J-be citizens to familiarize themselves with a constitution which Is supposed to give
them rights which they afterward
flnd thoy may not exercise. And
to circulate this twaddle In Canada,
where censorship and government
by order-in-council havo had full
sway, ls a crude kind of Joke.
Although not Included amongst
the advertisements of other made-
in-Amerlca goods, there Is little
doubt that Fish and his school
stand for 100 per cent. Americanism, which it would be well to get
a definition of, as It is very possible
that it may be introduced into this
country under the name of 100 per
cent. Canadianlsm. But the difficulty will be to find many 100 per
cent. Canadians, even If we know
what Canadianlsm is.
Shevlln-Clark Mill
Strike In this mill at Fort Frances, Ont.
Fellow Workers: The O, B. U.
Lumber Workers In Fort Frances
district, together wtlh the A. F. of
L., are on striko ln Shevlln-Clark
mill, and O. B. U. ln Shaw's mill,
for 36 minimum for 8 hours. At
present working lo hours,
The two organizations are working together without official cooperation, but the O. B. U. will
shortly be hampered by lack of
funds. The A. F. of L. claims It
can uphold its own end financially,
though they are under heavy expense In the United States strike.
We therefore appeal to all O. B.
U. units and. members for financial
support. All money- should be
made payable to Sulo G. Nell, the
local secretary, who will issue the
receipt. Address p. t0. Box 890,
Fort Frances, Ont.
Members knowing the present
address of Del. Ben Nelson, notify
headquarters or Kamloops district
office Immediately.
Any one knowing the present address df Tom Goodwin, who worked
last year at the Sylvania Logging
Camp, Sooke, please communicate
with Vancouver headquarters,
Labor Conditions in
the Fraser Valley
(Report by W. A. Alexander, Ab-fthe impression that It was tbe
guardian of this property. I had
itp. kick It out of the road before
M would move. Inside the kitchen
a filthy state of affairs exists. The
range upon which the food is prepared consists of a brlcked-in
space built into the kitchen about
eight feet by three feet and four
feet high, holes In the top which
fits three large pans, one look at
tihe contents of tame would be
sufficient to take away the average man's appetite for several
The smoke and steam from this
cook oven escapes through a large
hole cut in the celling, from the
rafters hang long greasy cobwebs
(hat may at any time drop into
the food being prepared below.
Should a pestilence occur as a
result of these insanitary conditions
the workers may awaken to the
necessity of becoming organized,
and should the disease spread and
reap a'few victims from the adult
or child members of the community perhaps the people or the district will take action to iee that
the municipal and government officials responsible for the enforcement of the health regulations get
busy even If it is necessary to take
legal action against the company.
Maybe if a pestilence occurs as
a result of such unsanitary condl-
ing conditions which they would"t!ona and *lp« out a few of the
-   -   - workers   around   this   particular
mill, It may wake them up to t
realization of the necessity for becoming organized with their fellow workers and assisting them In
enforcing the laws of this country, relating to health and sanitation, as well as reducing the hours
of labor and making this old world
a flt place for civilized workers to
reside upon.
General Workers In Abbotsford
The majority of the workers
around Abbotsford seem to think
that 'they were simply born to
work aiid die, they do not know
what it means to live; for they
seem to think that a working man
has no right to demand anything
from society but the right to work,
no matter what the conditions are,
should a crisis occur in the industrial activities of this country and
these workers be denied the right
to work they may then come to a
realization of the necessity for the
workers taking an active part in
running the affairs of human society, instead of letting factories
and other means of wealth production be run simply as proflt producing instruments at the expense of
the workers.
Teamsters, automobile mechanics', and other workers around the
town are of the opinion that labor
unions are of no use, for the workers would  not stick togetehr   nt
Some of the employees of the
Abbotsford Timber and Trading
Co., appear to have been nicely
caught and stung by the old-time
stunt of similar "philanthropic"
employers who assist their employees to tie unrealizable real
estate around their necks, which,
incidentally, also ties their hands
to the job.
IX appears that the company
owns considerable land around the
mill which they have divided Into
one-acre lots, should any of their
employees desire to have a home
close to thetr employment .the company advances them a loan, providing they are also willing to put
uy a sum of money of thetr own.
At first this scheme seems to be a
good one for the employees, but
after the house ls built they flnd
they have become so indebted to
the company and that It will take
all thetr savings for several years,
even providing they get steady employment at the mill, to pay off
their Indebtedness.
Unless they continue to work at
the mill the property is of no
value to them, for it ls too far
from the city to be of any uae to
any person not employed at the
mill. Consequently these men have
been forced to put up with work-
not have done had they not been
•old when they bought the real
estate. Conditions are, however,
compelling them to realize that
their Interests will be better looked
after by having an organization
controlled by themselves and formed for the purpose of improving
their living and working conditions wherever they may be working, than they will be by purchasing real estate from the boss which
haB the effect of tying them to
one particular job and whatever
rotten conditions he cares to introduce. '
Conditions at Hindu and Ablatio
The Hindu and Japanese quarters at this mill are fairly cle&ri,
but the Chinese quarters are a disgrace to any civilized community;
and if the so-called white workers
at this mill had any backbone
they would organize and demand'
that their quarters be kept ln a'
safe and sanitary condition and'
not left as they are at present, to)
be a breeding ground for disease/
plagues and pestilence.
While investigating these premises I attempted to. go Into tha
place where the Chinese prepare,
their food and was met at the door
by a large, fat frog, it was sitting
on the doorstep, seemingly acting'
as a watch dog, and looked at me'
In such a manner that I received'
Receipts— ''
Coast district .;.;.,.„ „ $4
Prince Rupert district 	
Prince George district	
Kamloops district  '..	
Sudbury district 	
Edmonton district	
Victoria district    ....;	
Wlnuipeg defense fund	
Refund  of  loans 	
O. B. U. Buttons    	
Balance on hand April 30   I
Electric light  _.	
Safe for headquarters offlce, with cartage and repairs	
Sundry offlce supplies and printing	
O. B. U. Bulletin  • $289.50
Western Clarion   182.70
Red  Europes     7.50
.Vapaus Publishing Co     90.00
Socialist, Olasgow    .'. t„     4.87
Oakland World     37.81
English Socialist papers      1.74
Searchlight  100.00
General organization	
O. B. Xl. per capita tax, on account of two months *  1,
B. C. Federatlonist (papers)   i,
B. C. Federationist (page)   *
Sudbury district   *.	
Montreal district    '.	
Winnipeg district   	
Prince Rupert district    .-.	
Kamloops district    ;.	
Fort Frances district   	
Prince George district    	
Telegraph account      *	
Western Specialty Co., printing ballots, ledger cards, delegates'
reports, etc	
Expense re Cranbrook trial 	
Winnipeg defense fund
Premium on guarantee bonds   	
Expense re Princeton trial 	
A. II. Timms, printing English constitutions .
Sick Relief	
Expense recounting Port Arthur ballots ,
Cartage, exchange, etc : ,
Balance on hand May 31	
matter what name you gave to the
organisation. They fall to realize
the necessity for all workers becoming conversant with the economio laws of capitalistic society
In order tp prepare for the coming
ohange that Is inevitable tf they
desire to prevent chaos from reigning supreme. They seem to think
that all labor unions are similar
to the old craft unions as represented by the American Federation of Labor for which they had
no .use.
Fortunately there are a number
of active O. B. V. men In the district who realize the necessity pf
organization and these are busy
trying to let light Into the mental
darkness of the Ignorant. There
are good prospects of a central O.
B. U. council being formed here.
The houses supplied by the company, for the workers at this plant
are much superior to that which
the average city worker calls home.
The workers are, however, , very
dissatisfied with their small pay
and working conditions and the Indications are that action wHl be
taken ln the near future to remedy
this through organization.
■   Warhoop
At the camp of .the Empire Sawmill Co., belonging to Todd & Crux,
there Is an assortment of workerB,
mostly Hindoos and Japs, the logging contract Is let out to a Hindu.
It Is only a small camp, a white
woman does the cooking and the
food is very fair; the mill runs 9
hours per day. The men are clean
In their habits and although the
bunk house Is far from being up-
to-date, everything inside Is kept
clean and tidy.
The Japs have rigged up a shower bath ln their quarters and also
employ a Jap woman to keep the
place clean. It appears that ln
spite of the general belief that the
white workers are the most cleanly, this ls not the case ln this camp,
for the white English-speaking
workers are living alongside Japanese who are enjoying better sanitary conditions than themselves,
without attempting at least to enjoy the same privileges, for the
white workers have no bathing facilities whatever, and are apparently quite satisfied with this state of
affairs. Possibly in tlje future they
may learn that cleanliness Is the
flrst step to health.
Sterling Lumber Co., Warhoop
This outfit ts run by a Hindu
named Munst Ram, the workers at
this camp are mostly Hindus, wtth
a few Japs and English-speaking
workers. The logging crew work
9 hours per day, and the mill workers 10 hours. The living conditions at this camp are such that
only workers who have lost ail self-
respect would willingly put up with
them. The Hindu quarters are
composed of a long building, ln
which small holes have been cut
for windows, and In which no windows have been put, the holes are
covered with a piece of gunny-
Thc quarters occupied by the English-speaking workers are ahout
16 ft. by 12, walls 9 ft. high, a
window 2x3-in. at one end and a
door at the other, four bunks in
which I was informed six men
sleep; stove In centre of bunk
house on which these men boil their
dirty clothes. The mattresses on
the bunks were that dirty and
greasy that they would make a
man feel lousy to look at them,
No attempt was apparently made
to keep same clean, as men were
lying on them with their dirty,
greasy overalls on.
When tt was pointed out to these
men the necessity from a health
point of view of being more cleanly, and the necessity for having a
proper wash and dry room, In order that they would not be compelled to wash their clothes in the
same room In which they sleep,
some of them became impressed,
and wanted to know how they were
going to get these conditions, stating that If they kicked about their
present conditions, the Hindu boss
would flre them, and put Hindus
In their places. It was pointed out
that six of the Hindus employed
at this mill were members of thc
union, .and were desirous of getting better living and working conditions. One of them had been a
member for over-18 months, and
they would all be willing to assist
tho English-speaking workers to
Improve the conditions alt around,
and that the reason the conditions
were so rotten In the camp was
due to their own apathy, for if they
would only organize, the health
laws relating to sanitary conditions In camps would be enforced
and they could get better conditions right away.
One of the most Intelligent of
these workers promised to act as
camp delegate, and call a meeting
of the workers, with a view to becoming organized, for he stated
that he was fed up with the conditions under which they were living, and unless they were made
much better in thc near future,
he would quit the job.
There are no bathing facilities
of any kind, the drinking water Is
obtained from a well in the centre
SUtemtnt for May, 1920
Duob     «™  $218.00
Fees     -....««.-       fl.00
Delegate!* remit Unce  $050.89
Less Commission tnd eipenm    41.50
■  009.39
Minera'  Strike Fund . .     2.00
District Fund       15.25
0.  B.  U.  Buttons  and Folder*       15.75
BiIium on h*nd April 30  1549.34
W«ge«,   Offlce  ..-. - n 9 185.00
Janitor    10.00
Rent, Electric Light and Telephone  -  77.25
Offlce Supplies ind Postage   17.05
Organisation    ...... - 94.35
Bellevue Minors' Strike Fund ~ - -u. 6.00
Remitted to Headquarters   _ 52.70
Sundry Eipenses  -  18.00
Balance on  hand  May  81      1960.48
Statoment for May, 1920
Dues  ~ m.«™».. $155,00
Foes    -     27.00
Delegates'   Remittance  - 1104.00
Leas commission ..._.„ —   10.00
0. B. IT. Buttons  -     13.55
Balance oa sand April 80 ..... ~-~ 882.25
Wages     $156.00
Rent and Light  -     15.80
Offlce Supplies snd Postage .■.»......■■»,»_.„,ifc^ 9.20
Organisation ,...«.... .,...■<..—,..„ , 28.90
Literature and Printing -,  38.50
Sundry  Expense*    JL-..n--m^„Mj__, S8.05
Balance oa hand May 21 —...........-.,......_. 428.55
* 1671.80
Statement fat Hay. 1920
Balance on hand April' 80 .
Wages -...«.«..„....
Rent and Light  ...........
Offlce supplies and postage*...
Organisation   ;,...„
Balance on hand May 31 .
... 11.00
„   11.27
9 90.00
Statim* ftr Msy, 1920
Dlegates'  remittance ._ 8233.00
Less commission and expenses    18.60
 $ 699.00
Winnipeg Defensl Fund .
Soviet  Collection	
Chase Strike Refunds .
Bellevue Miners' Strike Fond  ~
Sick Benefit Fund ....  —
O. B.  U. Buttons and Folders	
Balance April 80, Union Funds ....
Balance April 80, Sick Benefit Fund
706, o9
Wages 9 280.00
Rent, Light and Telephone .
Offlce Supplies and Postage .
Winnipeg  Defense  Fund  ..._~.™~™	
Remitted to Headquarters ..__»_._	
Bollevue Miners' Strike Fund . 	
Sundry Expenses ...  __._....
Balance May 81, Unloa Funds .......
Balanco May 81, SUk Benefit Fund —
Statement for Msy, 1920
Duea  .....  9801.00
Fees   „.     30.00
Delegates' Remittance — 931.00
Less commission and expenses....    5.60
0, B. U. Buttons Sold       15.85
Balance on hand April 80 ——    47.20
Wages «   91*0.00
Rent, twt months    42.50
Offlce supplies and postage -  5.85
Organisation - - 6.20
Sundry espenees   6.66
Balance on hand May 81  169.35
Statement for Msy, 1920
Dues   _._   9 2B3.0O
Fees          29.00
Delegates' Remittance  9438.89
Less commission and expenae*   16.79
Winnipeg Defenat Fund ...„.„     102.30
O. B. U. Buttons and Folders      86.85
Literature sold ..„■■„,      19.05
Balance oa hand April 80 -  1163.53
Wage*    -. $ lflo.OO
Rent „ _ „..„m..™..«„ „ 86.00
Equipment, Table and Bench ■ .,.„..., .",.. 16,00
Office  Supplies and Poatag*  «. 11.95
Organisation   «.„...-..  . -, 69.25
Literature   „...„ „.  ....  16.26
Winnipeg Defense  fund  .,....„ __._.„.,.... 80.50
Remitted to Headquartera - ...  425,00
Sundry Expenses  .„..........._  62,80
Balance ea hand May 81 «...  1201.07
of the camp. One of fhe men stated he had seen another worker
cover his body with coal oil and
wash tt off with a buacket of water
close Jo the well from where they
get the drinking water. The water
had drained back Into the well, for
he stated he could see oil later-
floating on top of the water.
The stable where horses are
kept Is right alongside the living
quarters, and when the weather
gets warmer, and the flies get bad,
lt ls a cinch that unless the sanitary conditions in this camp are
much Improved, that it will become
a breeding place for some pestilence.
Cloverdale        ^
Very few Industrial workeW live
In this place; two shtngle milts are
operating, but the workers employed In these are expecting the plants
to close down any day, as the supply of shingles on the market Is
much greater than the demand, as
a result of this, these workers could
not be Induced to organize.
There are a couple of mills at
and ne'ar Sullivan. The workers
are dissatisfied with thetr working
conditions and the poor wages that
was being paid. Several joined up
and others promised to join tn the
near future.
CralgH Newton
Visited mill at noon; had a talk
with loggers' delegate, who stated
he was unable to make any headway ln organising men In the mill,
so I got in touch with the sawyer
and filer. Both these men belong
to the Sawyers and Filers Association, and were unwilling to throw
In their lot with the other workers, to assist tn getting better conditions.
In Interviewing the sawyer at this
mill, he refused to take an O. B.
U. bulletin, stating that he had no
use for the organization, as It was
too radical. During the conversation that ensued, he was asked
what he thought of the Irish situation, whether he thought the Irish
had any right to ight for their independence from the British government, in reply he stated that
he was ln favor of the Sinn Fein
movement, and endorsed the tactics they were adopting to gain
their Independence as the Irish had
been persecuted by the British for
over 609 years. It was pointed out
that the working class had been
persecuted by a ruling class for
probably thousands of years, and
If he would study history from a
working class poly, of view, and
not from that, of flre ruling class,
he would not doubt come to the
conclusion that the working class
were even more justified in using
radical measures to secure their
economic independenc than were
the Sinn Fein element in Ireland;
for while the Sinn Feiners were
only desirous of changing their rulers, the Intelligent members of the
working class were desirous of doing away with a ruling class entirely, and all forms of exploitation.
I would suggest that .as much
working class literature be spread
around the Province aa the organization can afford, nlso that educational meetings be held occasionally at all points where sufficient
workers can be got.together to warrant holding same, and that good
speakers on political economy, and
the working class movement be
supplied by the organization to address these meetings.
Signal man —..»..,	
Hook-on-man -	
P. F. man .'.....	
Unhook man	
Per mo. and board
Yard engineer  $170.09
Road engineer  180.00
Swing engineer  160.90
Per day and pay board
Fireman „      9.25 '
Wood bucker _     6.50
Wood splitter ..      6.69
Pump man      6.00
Per mo. and board
Head boom man  $150.00
Second boom man   135.90
Per day and pay board
Blacksmith  $    8.09
Board, $1.50 per day.
Who ever inserted the article in
the Issue of May 14 entitled "The
Iron Hand of Capitalism" under
the heading of "The Closed Town"
has certainly thrown moderation
to the winds and gone the limit.
Taking Ocean Falls as a horrible example of what happens
when a capitalistic corporation
eliminates all possibility of competition by securing title to everything In sight, he goes on to say
that here "the iron rule of capi-
tnllsm is supreme," aa though it
were not supreme elsewhere too.
Then, too, the next sentence, "Autocracy In Russia under the rule
of the Czars never exercised Us
blighting infience as It today does
In this little community," referring
of course to the samo unfortunate
burg. There are Russians working
at Ocean Falls who same from
Russia before the end of the Czarist regime, and they seem to think
differently. The use of exaggerated
statements in an article which Is
intended to supply information to
those In need of lt, Is to be deplored. It is better to try to stick
to the plain truth even If It does
make our writings appear color-
The paper mill at Ocean Falls
cannot be run without an adequate
supply of labor. To secure labor
the Pacific Mills Company has to
compete In thc open market with
all other concerns. In this matter
It Is also handicapped to some extent by the natural drawbacks of
the locality and its great distance
from town, which facts deter many
who might otherwise come.
In spite of this, men have been
obtained in sufficient numbers and
many have gone away at different
times and come back again, so that
there must be compensating advantages to supply the motive.
As a matter of fact, the majority of the men who come to Ocean
Falls do so with the object of making a stake as quickly as possible
and getting out again. The place
will never be considered a per
mancnt home for anybody on ao
count of the aforesaid natural disadvantages; Its population will always bc on the movo and such a
condition must bc fatal to tho development of public or community
spirit. There Is almost a total luck
of interest in the question of a
shorter working day, Tho paper-
makers, strain engineers, powerhouse operators and mnybe others
already have the eight-hour day,
but taking the mill employees as 0
whole, lt would probably be Impossible to get a "majority to stand
for the shorter day, for with them
money Is whnt matters. It Is a
problem In psychology. The spirit
of the workers ts reflected in the
action or inaction of the company
Apart from the matter of hours
and wages, working conditions are
good, Tho use of modern machinery has eliminated most of the
heavy human labor and also the intensity of labor which was so char-
Masset Timber Co., Buckley Bay,
Wage Scale
Per month and board.
Cooks    $160.09
Flunkeys...: .-  . 80.09
Dish washer -   75.00
Bull cook  ,.    90.00
Per day and pay board
Flier      8.00
Head faller  . .   7.69
Second faller .."      7.25
Buckers          7,09
Chunk bucker       6.60
Knotter   „     6.25
Swamper      6.99
Skid  roadmen  —     6.26
Hook tender      9.60
High rigger • __      9.59
Rigging slinger .-.
Chokerman ...........
Chaser ..........
... 7.50
- 7.90
... 7.09
The coast executive has decided
that the Coast convention will be
held In Vancouver on Monday,
July 12th, 1920. The members in
camp should discuss the questions
they want taken up at the convention, and Instruct their delegates,
accordingly. Full particulars will
be given tn next week's'issue 6t
The B. C. Federatlonist.
Coast District Secretary.
All single bunks with springs;
blankets, sheets and pillows; sheets
are washed with men's own laundry, for which a charge of $1 ai
week Is made. One shower bath
working, another being installed;
dry-room and wash house not quits
completed. Food fair; good cook;
fruit on table every evening. Water
has been poor, but new supply
from river being Installed, with
men's approval. One way ln company's Ume, Mail service weekly.
Camp 100 per cent.   Foreman o.lb
Quatslno, Camp 7
Camp 0. k; good cook, bath-
house ready. Some of the boys already have blankets furnished to
them. A stove ls needed for the
dry house, and lt is up to the management to get this installed at
Sign the Appeal for Medical
The Magna Charta gave every
man the ownership of his own body.
Today the licensed politico-medical cult claims your body at birth.
In life and death, as a trade investment and for personal practice.
Of what use is man's honor or
womans chastity, when a Uttle
child may be vaccinated into the
rottenness of that of the lowest
Sign the appeal for the removal
of the vaccine menace from our
public schools.
Donation   from Baker's   camp,
Thurston   Harbor, amounting   to
$20   for   defence* fund,   per   W.
ncteristlc of petty capitalism.
Labor loses much of its terrors
when the force* of Nature ore harnessed to modern machinery.
There has always been some undercurrent of complaint regarding
food at the hotel and also the
bunkhouse accommodations, but
not sufficient to cause open revolt
yet. In the logging camps, food is
reported to be first-class and accommodation up to date.
The married people appear to be
a contented lot. The company certainly caters to them in the matter
of housing and rents are considered
Prices are or appear to be high
in the store and thore are, of
course, no bargain sales to catch
the fancy of the womon, but the
goods seem to be of good quality
and there is nothing to prevent
anybody, who wishes to do so,
from sending an order to an outside firm for supplies. Tho immense
sums of money thot were invested
In Victory Bonds proves that the
people of Ocean Falls have not
been habitually fleeced and kept In
a helpless condition.
The closod town ns ah institution
has come In for much condemnation. Tnkking Ocean Falls as a
convenient example, we may nsk
the question, "Why make nn open
town of It? It is not closed to tha
workers, in fact, tii ere Is a continual Invitation out to them to
come In. It ls, in fact, a workers'
town ln all except the matter ot
ownership. .
Practically every man is usefully
engaged In some way in the production of paper. The community
Is a thoroughly organized Industrial
unit. Every man has his part to
take In the production of the
greatest amount of paper with the
least expenditure of lubor time.
There being none but workers
here, It stands to reason that that
there Is no oconomic interest
among them opposed to a change
in the form of ownership of capitalistic property.. Th& closed towns
are ready for Socialism and nre
merely watting for the open towns
to rid themselves of the Influence
of the vnst muss of Idlers and pretenders of nil sorts who thrive on
capitalism but who. under Socialism, will become ns scarce as they
are In the closed towns*.
For a -worker lo challenge the
ownership of the land, houses,
utilities, storo nnd school site In
a place like Ocean Tails, Is foolish so long ns the company owns
the mill. No workman wants to
buy a lot or house or the school
site, nnd If ono did buy the store,
he would cease to be a worker.
Never mind about the closed towns,
It Is the open towns that are hln-
dertng progress.
We should all hope and try for |
better conditions, but the case Is
hopeless If we deliberately put %
false aspect on the proposition.
, A. E.U,
twelfth tear. no. 24    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. u.
FRIDAY June 11, W.1
Published every Friday morning by Tba B. 0.
. .   Federationist, Limited
'/*, a wEixa.
Office:   Labor  Temple.- 405 Dunsmuir  Streot
Tolephono Seymour 5871
HubaoribtiOB Kates: United States and Foreign,
•3.00 per yeu; Canada, 12.60 per year, (1.50
for six months; to Unions subscribing in a
.   body, 16c per number per month.
Unity of Labor Tke Hope or the World
FRIDAY...!... June 11,  1920
STATEMENTS made at the convention
of the Canadian Manufacturers'%s-
iociation, held in Vancouver this week,
have demonstrated the enormous wealth
of "our" country.' They havo also given
a good indication of the'
VALUES great wealth that "our"
"WE" manufacturers have "pro-
CBEATE duced." For instance we
learn that in 1909 the
value of our manufacturers' output was
(1481,053,375. In 1917 there was a great
inerease, thc value of the products being
$3,015,577,940; or an increase of 525 per
cent. From an advertisement in the daily
papers, for whieh the Canadian Manufacturers' Association is responsible, we
learn that the manufacturers expect the
values of the products for this year to be
even greator, the estimate being four
MHous. The advertisement referred to,
also, gives an estimate of the number of
workers, who are engaged in the factories, and their dependents, the estimated number of workers and dependents
being two millions. If the average number of dependents per worker aro two
—and it is\not likely that the average
number will be less—then we find' that
less than seven hundred thousand workers are expected to produce commodities
to the value of four billion dollars in the
present year. Taking into consideration
the value of the raw material, cost of machinery, etc., whieh will not be more than
half of the value of thc finished product,
we find that less than seven hundred
thousand workers, men, women and ohildren, will produce actual value; to the
extent of at least two billions of dollars.
This is surely something to be proud of.
We can see tbe Canadian workman swelling out his chest and boasting of the value
of "our" factories, and the amount "we"
export. But if he Will take a pencil and
• piece of paper, and figure how much the
average worker will receive out of the
values-created, we fancy that the inflation
will go out of his chest much quicker
than it will out of the currency. Dividing
two billion dollars by seven hundred
thousand gives the approximate aum of
(2,857. Estimating the wages paid to the
seven hundred thousand men, women and
children ait $20 per week, 52 weeks in the
year, gives the average wage paid to each
of those engaged in the production of two
billion dollars worth of commodities, as
$1,010. Our readers can figure out for
themselves who gets the rest, and if they
have swelled heads or chests when they
get through with the figuring, then all
we can say is that there is something
wrong with tlieir thinking apparatus. We
really are proud of the achievements of
"our" manufacturers. They are a credit
to the nation, and the immensity of the
wealth produced by "them" has us
staggered. But the generosity of the workers is so stupendous that we must confess
that we cannot grasp the immensity of
their benevolence, which the above figures
do not do credit to.
' \JL7 HILE the Mounted Police expeii-
** ditures were being discussed in
the Dominion House, one member suggested that the "mounties" would be
better employed in planting potatoes.   It
would not be fair to class
THE all members of the Mount-
SECEET ed Police with Roth and
SERVICE       Dourasoff,   and   Zaneth,
and men of that type cm-
employed in the guise of mounted policemen, but who are nothing less than secret
service agents, whose function appears
to be to discover "seditious" conspiracies,
and to create revolutions in the minds of
the ruling 'lass. It is safe to say that if
thc members of the Dominion House had
have investigated the matter, that they
would have found that the greater
•mount of the expenditure in connection
wilh the mounties, is in connection with
this kind of work, and that if it was
realized juat how much this kind of
'aervice" is costing, there is no doubt
that thc appropriation would have been
still further reduced.
' * * «
Speaking on the activities of the
"mountieB," the Hon. N. W. Rowell admitted that it had been charged that the
Mounted Police had been used to break
Strikes. This he denied, and stated that
they had been used in suppressing a
riot in Winnipeg/. Our impression was
that the Mounted Police caused the riot,
»nd that until they appeared on the scene
there wa* no trouble. The Hon. N. W
also referred to the moral effect that the
Mounted Police had in Vancouver during
the strike. Our recollection of the
"moral" tone of the city at that time
does not give us any ground for assuming that the morals of this city were elevated, but that tho activities of such men
as already referred to did a lot to detract from it. If the references are to the
overawing of thc strikers by the Mounted
Police, and machine guns on the armory,
we must say that to the best of our
knowledge and belief, that they did not
have any great effect in that direction,
and if Mr. Rowell can imagine that the
contact of tho late demented Sergeant
Wilson hnd any elevating effect on the
morals of this city, he has another guess
coming. With reference to the secret
service end of the Mounted Police, we can
only say that the espionage carried on
in labor organizations by such men as
Roth and Dourasoff and Zaneth has had
the effect of making a force that has heretofore been respected, an object Of scorn.
TUe money asked by the government for
this department, will not be used for the
purpose that is expected by the average
person, and thc increases will be spent
in employing stool pigeons, and not on
the men who are wearing scarlet and
gold. It is the hidden and secret service
that the government is building up, on
lines similar to that pertaining in Russia
under the czars, that is not only disgusting the workers, but the men who Joined the Mounted Police, thinking that their
services would be on honorable lines/
DURING the past week or two, there
has been a tendency towards lower
prices of commodities. Many workers are
of the opinion that this will benefit them.
Business men, and particularly the financial interests, are looking
WORKERS forward to a deflation of
AND THE the currency as a rosult of
PRICES lower prices.   Not being
concerned with the interests of the financial magnates, there is not
much to interest the workers in the question of the deflation of the currency, for
whether it is inflated or deflated, thcir
position will not be materially affected..
Mr. Francis H. Sisson, of New York,
speaking at a meeting of the Economic
Club in that city, discussing the effects
of declining prices, had amongst other
things, the following to say: "Wages
nearly always lag behind commodity
prices, whether up or down." Later in
his address he had the following to say:
"Save, then, for the advantage in the
transition period, when wages tend to
move in the opposite direction from the
falling prices; wage earners as a whole
may be expected to profit little as regards
the actual buying power of their earnings
when prices fall."
• « •
•While the workers are expecting some
little advantage by a decrease in prices,
we find that even those representing the
financial interests realize that no benefit
will be secured by the men and women
who are engaged in production, by the decrease ih the price of commodities. We
also question very much the statement as
to prices falling before wages. As a mat-
tm.pf fact, there is at this time a tendency towards lower wages, to as great
an extent aa there is a lowering in the
prices of commodities generally. In any
case, the position of the workers is generally getting worse. Prices have been
on the increase for years now, and, as
stated by Sisson, wages have lagged behind, and very far behind at that. Today, while receiving in money wages
more than they received in 1914, the
actual wages of the workers are much
lower than they were in the days before
the war. Real wages are not represented
by money, but by the tmount of commodities that the money wages will purchase,
and the average worker realizes just how
low his real wages are today.
» » •
All this brings us to the point where it
must be realized by the worker, that so
long as the wage system lasts, there will
bo nothing for him but a chasing of higher
or lower wages. For.if the wages be relatively high, he will still have to
chase them, and if they are low,
and the market unfavorable, the
chase is still harder after the
elusive job. There is every indication
that before the year is wit, there will be
a crisis throughout the world. Production will be curtailed and unemployment
will be rife. Labor leaders of the type
thftt controls the American Federation of
Labor may paint a rosy picture of the
future for the workers, but so long as the
wage system lasts, their plight will be one
continued long drawn out effort to secure
a job, aud, having secured it, to hold it,
and keep life in their bodies on the miserable pittance they receive in wages.
Prices are of no interest to the working
class, except the priee of their own ignorance, and that is their continued
slavery. So long as they imagine low or
high prices, or wages, will assist them,
they will continue to be the slaves of a
class that lives in luxury at thcir expense.
SAM GOMPERS w*as on the warpath
on Monday. There were also others
who felt themselves compelled to warn
and advise the workers, amongst whom
were Senator Robertson and Tom Moore.
The occasion was the
OOMPERS 'opening of thc A. F. of L.
AND convention  at   Montreal.
FREEDOM Each of thc speakers urged the workers to beware
of the radicals in the lahor movement.
It surely is a fine spectacle to sec men who
are supposed to represent labor giving
forth utterances which are in complete accord with those of a minister of a capitalist government. This is indeed showing
the identity of capital and "labor." How
close the interests of the workers are with
those of thc class which the government
represents, can readily be seen in tho
activities p£ the Minister of Labor in the
.City of Winnipeg about a year ago. They
can perhaps be more fully realized when
we remember that the men who voiced
the needs and aspirations of the industrial workers of that city, arc today in
durance vile as thc results of the activities
of a Cabinet minister who is supposed to
be a union man.
* » •
Gompers went to great jrnins to explain
that'the International labor movement
whicli ho represents is not the "Internationale" of Europe. There have been
three Internationals: one is dead, the
other is near to its last dnys, and tho
third is a lusty infant. Sam no doubt
represents the first, for his utterances and
his actions are more in keeping with thc
activities of labor men of a hundred years
ago than they are with the enlightened
workers' representatives in the old world.
Sam was also very much concerned aboiA
the workers of this country. No doiibt
his solicitude for Canadian workers &
due to the faet that thc new movement
in this country is having a considerable
effect in the U. S. A. and on'the organise
tion he represents. Now Gompers is a
master of oratory, and in his usual style
he got off the following gem: "I have
no fear as to what the results will be. As
long as I have life and my body is not im.
paired, I shall stand for the right of the
men and women toilers of the world to be
free, untrammelled and unowned by a_f,
.    • * •
Now Sam is still active, and when the
Canadian and American workers realize
.the importance of the above statement
uttered by the immortal leader of labor,
there will be great "rejoicing," for has
he not said that he will stand for
the freedom of the workers? But freedom
is a relative term. It may be that Sam's
idea of freedom and untrammelment is
not that of the workers. In fact there appears to be an ever-increasing number of
workers that do not like the brand of
"freedom" that they have in the International of his creation. There are also
a large number of workers who realize
that there cannot be any real freedom under wage slavery. These men will remember that Gompers did all in his power in
Europe to prevent the workers of the
world from coming together. His activities at that time were deprecated by even
the moderate element in the labor movement of the old world. And today Gompers is at the parting of the ways. He
stands for all that is reactionary in the
world. He is an ardent supporter of the
present wage system. But the workers
are realizing that under the present system, the labor leaders with fossilized
minds, and decadent ideas, are a detriment to the working-class movement, and
while at this time the power of Gompers
through the machinery of the A. F. of L.
and the apathy of a large number of
workers, is great, yet the writing is on
the wall which indicates the end of any
organization which does not stand for
the freeing ,of the workers by the abolition of the wage system. Even Gompers
and all his oratory cannot stand in the
way of progress, and the material interests of the workers are compelling them
lo come to a realization of the imbecility
of trusting their interests in the hands othet that, we can use it properly tor
----- *- i -put purposes,
SUH » Bolshevik
.. "Before serving timo here, I
made a series of addressee, supporting: the Russian revolution,
which I consider the greatest single
Achievement In all history. I said
at that time that I was a Bolshe<
Movies Take Picture of
the Prisoner Daring
the Ceremony,
Atlanta, Ga.—"Tou Incarnate the
best ideals and traditions of American history, and the hopes of humanity. With affection too profound to express ln words, ln the
name of the Socialist Party of the
United States, and many thousands
of liberty-loving men and wome-n,
we tender this nomination to you."
Debs Notified
In these words, Eugene Victor
Debs was formally notified in Atlanta penitentiary by James O'Neal
of New York, on behalf of a special
committee of five Socialists, acting
under instructions of thoir party,
that for the flfth time he had been
chosen Socialist standard bearer
for the presidential campaign;
To. which Deb9 replied in part as
"I am deeply touched by this extraordinary expression of confidence and affection. I must be perfectly frank with you. 1 have read
the platform adopted by the convention, and I wish I might say
that lt has my unqualified approval.
It Is a masterly piece of writing,
and it states the essential principles
of the Socialist movement, but I
believe that lt could have been
mode more effective it it had stressed the class struggle more prominently, and lf more emphasis had
been laid on Industrial organization.
Platform Not Important
'However, a platform is not so
very Important after all   We can
breathe the breath of revolution
into any platform.
'We are In politics, not to get
votes, but. to develop power to
emancipate the working olass. I
would never do or say anything to
catch a vote for the sake ot the
vote. Our duty Is to tell exactly
what we seek to accomplish, so
that those who come to us do so
with no misunderstanding.-
'Some members of our party
have been admitted to our ranks,
ln the post, to make us 'respectable;' this was true years ago in
HaverhUl, Brockton, Berkoly and'
other cities. They were unfortunate Incidents. We wont what we
are rightly entitled to. and lf we
men, who while they have eyes to ^Stf
with, see not, and ears to hear with, heir,
not the rumblings of the revolution that is
now taldng place, and which will sweep1
throughout the world and wipe out the
system that keeps the workers in boi$
age, and at the same   time   obliterate .vik.   I am still a Bolshevik, but
labor "leaders" who stand in tlie way** «"* BKwe—n J***^ ln Alil®rl'
the onward march   of   the ' proletariat.
Poor Sam, his dupes are getting next
him and his masters.
IN SPITE of all the conflicting stories
in the press, with respect to Great
Britain's trading with Soviet Russia,
there remains the fact, that if it were not
for economic reasons, the British Government would never have
met a representative of
the new order in Russia.
Lloyd George's references
to trading with cannibals
should be enlightening to those who think
that nations are governed according to
ideals. In fact, those interested, would
sooner deal with cannibals than they
would with Soviet Russia, if it were more
in their economic interests, and it is only
because of the economic necessity of the
British capitalistic class in staving off the
wrath of the workers, and possible starvation of the people .of the British Isles, unless trade relations are opened up, that
compels the British government to recognize at all the representative of the new
democracy, which, in spite of any promise
on the part of the Soviet government to refrain from propaganda, is the greatest
force in society today, and the finest advocate for the ending of the present sys-
tem_ the world over that can be found.
Soviet Russia's propaganda is greater because of the fact that all of the military
and economic forces of the capitalistic
nations have not been powerful enough
to destroy the new order in Russia, and
that out of their necessity, .capitalistic
governments have been compelled to negotiate with the representatives of that
country. The situation in Europe, while
it looks black from a capitalistic viewpoint, looks full of hope for the workers,
and the brightest spot in the world today
is Soviet Russia, with its message to the
world's proletariat. We have no knowledge as to what methods will be adopted
in other countries, but we are convinced
that no matter what the methods will b&'
the world's workers will shortly be comn
pelled to follow in the wake of the Rus-'
sian workers, and produce for use instead of proflt. -. ■ ,j
ca. I regret that the convention
did not see Its way to affiliate with
the Third International without
'In this campaign lt ls possible
to develop a united party. There
ls not cause for discouragement.
Unity must sometime come. -There
are four Communist parties ln Ger-
any and England, and I suppose it
Is necessary for these divisions to
test us within and without"
This strange notification cere-
ony will be preserved ln graphic
form, for numerous photographers
and movie men were ln evidence to
film the presidential candidate in
prisoner's garb. The newspapers
of Atlanta, too, carried Debs'
speech of acceptance In full.
The Financial Post statea that Judge
Gary, the head of the U. S. Steel Corporation, is the greatest example of what
a corporation head should be. Exactly
so. He would not be there if he wer^
not.* His function is to see that the comT
pany he controls gets the profits. The
workers who are engaged in the product
tion of steel have another function, am"
that is to produce the profits for Gary am
his kind. The slaves of capital are the
greatest example of what slaves should
be. They will not, however, be slaves
very long after they realize the function
of the present ruling class.
As a last dying effort, David Lloyd
George, the wizard of Wales, has called
upon the church to save capitalism. He
complains of the world turmoil, b\it does
not accept his share as a capitalistic
ruler, for it. His blockade of European
countries is largely responsible for thc
situation, and now he wants the church
to save the world from'freedom and the
abolition of the system that mnde *He
chaos possible.
Will Keep Children Away
From Participation of
the Celebration
Melbourne, Australia—-At a recent nieeting et the Melbourne
Trades Council, It was decided to
hold aloof from proceedings connected with the visit of the Prince
of Wales. The same organization
recently decided not to participate
in the welcome to the popular Gen.
Blrdwood as a representative of
militarism. The following motion
by tho Builders Laborers Federation was endorsed by the Labor organization mentioned:
"That In the opinion of this
union, the Trades' Hall Counoll
should not be officially represented
at any function organized ln connection with the proposed visit of
the Prince of Wales, as we hold
that the money so expended could
be used in the Interests of the working class, whereas the proposed expenditure is to bolster up the capitalist system."
The Trades Hall' Council also
agreed to the following request to.
trade unionists: "That trade unionists be requested to refuse to per-
mlt their children to participate ln
the welcome or any other function
In connection with the visit of the
Prince of Wales." A resolution has
also been adopted by the Bendtgo
West branoh of the Australian Labor Party as follows: "That the
members of this branch of the Australian Labor Party take no active
part In celebrating the occasion of
the Prince ot Wales' visit and that
they refuse to allow their children
to be token from achool for the
purpose .proposed."
New York—Plans for the erection of a modern co-operative
bakery, which will cost 1100,000,
are in full swing In the Brownsville section of Brooklyn. This
district already has several co-operative bakeries, and their success ls
Bald to be a large factor ln the Initiation of the present project
Moscow.—The Supreme Council
ot National Economy has taken
steps to reorganize In a single enterprise all factories which produce oxygen and acetylen. The
purpose ot the re-organization is
to increase production. The potash
production ln the. government of
Saratoff has been 70,000 poo& during the first months of this year
as compared with 28,000 poods
for the whole year of 191».
New Soath Wales Labor Covetn-
ment Acts Appoints
One of the flrst acta ot the newly-
elected Labor government of New
South Wales, ls to announce that
thetwelve I. W. W. men, now un
dergolng long terms of Imprison,
ment in Australia—6 to 15 years-
are to be given a noh trial. A
royal commission Is to be appointed
to go into the whole of the olrcum-
stances connected with the trtal
and Imprisonment of the men, and
it Is hoped that as a result, that at
least some om the men will be
The decision te appoint a commission to go into the casos of the
Imprisoned men Is the result ot a
pledge given hy the Labor Party
sometime ago that It a Labor government were returned In New
South Wales, one ot Its Arts acts
would be to see that the I. W. W.
men got a decent trial The commission wUl commence its sittings
In June.
Abo, Finland—The White Terror
continues. Early ln May the Supreme Court of Abo sentenced five
workers to the penitentiary for a
total of fourteen years. Besides,
they lost.their citizenship rights.
Their, "crime" was "preparations
for treason."
Fhone Seymour 2491
The Thrilling Drama of Modern Lite
"The Knife"
One of the Mightiest plays ot
tke Decade. A Great Success in New York
* CO.
Other Big Features
Socialist Party of Canada
Winnipeg Local No. S
B. B. Russell       W. A. Pritchard       R. J. Johns
Qeorge Armstrong
Campaign, funds are needed. Collection cards can be secured
from, and donations made to Alex. Shepherd, P. O. Box 170*,
Winnipeg, Hm.
Would you pay
long prices
for yonr clothing and shoes if yoa knew you could buy
the same goods cheaper? We claim to do the latter.
Men's Oxfords, best grade
at S6.8S
Men's Black Velour Blucher
from  SS.00
Men's Toney
Men's Working Shoes, Solid
Leather, from  $6.00
Men's Working Pants  $3.SO
Men's Corduroy Pants .$5.00
Men's Fine Worsted
Pants  $6.00
Men's Underwear, suit ..$2.00
2 -piece and combinations.
Men's Negligee Shirts,
from  $1.25
Men's Fine Shirts, trom ..$1.25
Men's Black Twill Shirts ..$1.50
Men's Heavy Tweed
Headlight and Peabody's Ovor-
..$5.00        alls.
Railroad Shirts, stiff collars and Cuffs.
W. B. Brummit
18 and 20 CORDOVA ST. W.
Clubb & Stewart
Agents for
20th Century Garments
Known from Halifax to Vancouver as
the best to be had for men and young
Boys' Clothing a Specialty
Clubb & Stewart, Ltd.
Skilled attention, high-grade
material, perfection in fitting,
are features of out dental plate
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Deatal Name la Attentate*.
o>« imwn, Til* t. Rise,
Granville Street
Comer Robson Street
Over Owl Drag note
Pine Seyaon ass*
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
845 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
For Sale
And Other Offloe Fittings
Vancouver, B. O.
Wheh Custom Interferes
Tke oonotant ue et e. word ettm
makes II elaaiard, bet eaatom oho«M
nol.be allowed to Interfere witk cadency. We uy "Hello" whea we
eaewer tba telrpkone, not nallalig
that It is not Ue proper way. Tee
help your own telephone aerviee when
yen lira the »ee» of yenr ins aad
department when answering e cell.
none Ber. U1     D«jr or NlgM
Nunn, Thomson A Olegg
in Hornet St Vancourer, B. ft
1111 tBorUa street
Seeder ecnleee, 11 a.m. and 7.10 p.m.
Sunder eehoel Immediately follawtag
morning oervlce. Wodncedej teetimoaW
EJJ'lM, » PA tn. readinf room.
eOl-tOI  Blrhe  Bldg.
Opposite the Orpheum
Matinee ...
Evening! .
Blag u_ Phone Seymoar ISM tot
Dr. W. J. Curry
HIM S01 Dominion BnlMlll
Onion Officiate, write for prlcea.  We
rolls* tte Crowd te tke
Patricia Cabaret
One block eaet of Rmpreoe Theatre
SMITH,  E.  lOVE  and tha BU
Interpret the lateet aong Ute. as-
slated ty Tha Bronia Jus Band
/      Huaie, s p.m. te 1
H. M. Nugent & Co.
Tents and Awnings, Carpenters' Aprons and Overalls, Pant*
and extra clothing, Longshore-'
men's Hooks, etc. Estimates
given on all canvas work. '
Vanconver, B. O.
Phone Sey. 4641
Save Coupons for Premiums FRIDAY..
..June 11, IStS
Moderation League
The old provincial voters' list has been CANCELLED and new
lists arc non being prepared by the Provincial Government.
As soon as these are completed a referendum Ib to be submitted to the electorate (or the purpose ot determining
whether alcoholic liquors shall be prohibited ln the Province,
or whether they shall be sold In sealed packages under tha
control of, the Government.
Tlio PROHIBITION PARTY Is In favor ot the total prohibition of all liquors, including beer, light wines and near Doer.
Tlie MODERATION LEAGUE Is In finer et the sale of
liquors under Government control.
BRITISH COLUMBIA la a province the grent natural resources of which can only be brought Into the aervice ot mua
by phyelcal labor ot the most severe kind.
The LEAGUE doea not BELIEVE that a man Is or should be.
made a criminal because he drinks ■ glass at beer and the
League doe* not believe that a fisherman, coming In from hla
work In a raging gale on the West Coast, wet through and
weary, nor that a miner, coming out ot the bowels of the
earth after labor without daylight'and In a foetid atmosphere,
should be denied such stimulant as he mar lem he requires—
nor the tollers In the logging camps, the mills and the ship-
should be deprived of the stimulant which ther require and
to which many of them have beon accustomed.
And the great body of our fellow citizens who fought In the
Great War and havo returned to us, many ot tbem shattered
and nerve racked, Is lt possible that the electorate ot British
Columbia will see these men deprived at anything which mar
comfort them or alleviate their suffering? THE LEAGUE
THINKS NOT and puts llsdf on record that it will carry
on the light until these men get the full measure ef personal
liberty for which they fought.
THE PROHIBITIONISTS SAY that Uie womanhood vote wlB
he all for prohibition. THE LEAGUE, whose membership
includes many of those women who worked hardest for
womanhood suffrage, believes that the women ot British Columbia wlU exercise their voting power with as much discretion as the men and that ther cannot be stampeded as th*
Prohibitionists would suggest.    *
THE PROHIBITIONISTS have kept the press (nil of their
side of the argument—what ther will and what they will not
"stand for" at Victoria and by organluulbn and getting every*
body of their way of thinking on the voters' list, they hope to
legislate for the moderates WHOM THE LEAGUE BELIEVES
AND WOMAN IN THE PROVINCE who Is in favor of moderate and popular legislation and Is against being ruled by •
highly organized and autocratic minority, aa a preliminary to
campaign organization, to fill in the coupon below, cut It out
and send lt In a stamped envelope addressed to
The fllling In of this coupon COMMITS YOU TO NOTHING
bat It will result In your name being placed en the League's
mailing list.   Yon will receive copies of ita publications ae
Issued and by return mall will be sent Pamphlet No. 1, "Moderation," a cold, clear, Judicial analysis of the quostion.
FORGET IT.  Tlie slogan ls:  "Prohibition for Prohibitionists—moderation for all othen.'*
For the Organization Committee,
B. A. CORBET, Secretary.
Cut this out, All In and mall It In a stamped envelope to
"Moderation League, Vancouver, B, C."
For June
Allan's is tlie Mecca of
tlie wedding gift seeker,
Sterling Silver Wales
Toilet Accessories
Cut Glass
I'lotul Wanes
Cutlery, Etc.
—vie with each other
for recognition.
A gift from Allan's Indicates the tatste ot the
giver, aud makes for
corresponding pleasure
on tlie part of tbe recipient.
"The House of Diamonds"
480-486 Granville St.
Read9 Learn and
Inwardly Digest
Judge Metcalfe's Charge to the Jury In the Russell Trial, aa
compared with CAVE In Rex vs. BURNS, ENGLAND. ISS*.
Russell Trial and Labor's Rights
By W. H. TRUEMAN, K. a
Examination and statement of Law, and Review of Justice Metcalfe's Charge to the Jury, ln Trial of R. B. Russell, at Winnipeg, December, 1919.
Prices for the above pamphlets are aa under:—
Bundle orders, SS.00 per ISO copies, SSe per doien copies;
single copies 10c each.   Freight and postage extra.
Two in One   .
Acknowledged to be the most eloquent and historic address ever
delivered in the courts of Manitoba.
Bundle orders, SIS per 100 copies, SS.00 per 15 copies; single
copies, 25c each.   Ail charges prepaid.
To ensure-a copy of the above pamphlets, place your orders
early with James Law, SecreUry of the Defense Committee,
Room 4, 22S Bannatyne Avenue.
Single copies can bs obtained ln Vancouver at the Federationist Office.
The Control of Industry-Two Schemes
OCIAIilZATION* and Workers' Control" is by now, in
name at least, the orthodoxy of the labor movement in
most countries. Resolutions with
this object in .view may be quoted
from most of the recent labor congresses abroad even of the more
conservative trade union movements. It is another question how
much these resolutions mean. Socialization can- mean anything from
complete revolutionary expropriation to the creation of capitalist
combines under the supervision of
the State, as in the German1 laws;
and workers' control ean mean
anything front tke Soviet to the In.
stltution of works councils "to aid
the employer in the object of his
works," For this reason the reso.
lutions passed are of very little Importance compared with the actual
schemes put forward, where auch
A Complete Contrast
These schemes, In the sense-of a
consciously thought out general
policy, are rare. In two countries,
however, where theory commonly
plays a part, the labor movement
haa set before Itself the conscious
aim of securing the control of Industry, and produced schemes for
achieving this end. In France the
General Confederation of Labor
has set up its Economic Labor
Council with this avowed aim, and
made it the central feature Of Its
policy. In Italy the Soclallsttlc
Party, In close, association with the
General Confederation of Labor,
has put forward a draft Soviet
Constitution to organise the work-
era for the revolution on the basis
of the workshop. Both these
schemes are alike in being ambitious attempts to set up an slab,
orate national machinery rather
than a detailed policy for achieving the control ef Industry; but ln
other respects they afford a com.
plete contrast, the contrast af the
industrialist, approach on the one
hand, and the Socialistic approach
oa the other.
French Movement Revolutionary
The French Economlo Labor
Couneil originated, according te Its
founders, In the war and the after
effects of the war. "Tht economle
crisis let loose upon tha world by
the war, the Impotence and tke unwillingness of the government to
attempt any remedy, and above all
the Arm resolution of the workers
to approach the problem for themselves and flnd out the solution despite vicious traditions and aelnsh
Interests"—these, according te
Jouhaux, the seeretary of the Confederation of Labor, are the causes
which gave rise to tha Economic
Labor Council that was constituted
at the Lyons Congress of the
C. G. T. ln 1919, and Inaugurated
In the beginning af this year. The
truth of this statement probably
goes further than immediately appears. For the official programme
of the C. G. T. was always revolu.
tlonary and involved the conception of the workers achieving control of Industry ln spite et the Btate
and the employers. But with the
coming of the war the C. G. T. had
accepted tht principle et national
solidarity, and to that extent had
admitted the - conception of the
national state, where before It had
only been concerned to deny. Consequently when the war came to
an end lt would clearly be necessary to make a fresh start on new
lines; and all the more so because
the immense accession of members
a'fter the war had made the non-
revolutionary section, which had
always been, considerable, now predominant. In this way the emphasis became changed from the
"class-war" and ".revolution" to the
"economic crisis" and the "needs of
production," and the Economic
Labor Council Inaugurated to replace barren revolutionary phrases
by a real and constructive revolutionary programme. The Economic
Labor Council -was, in fact, an attempt to fuse both sections and
adapt the old policy to the new
conditions, and its manifestos min-
gle the phrases of revolution with
the phrases of national reconstruction. The flrst proposal of the Economic Labor Council was made to
the government, and only when the
government looked coldly on the
scheme did the C. G. T. Inaugurate
It on its own initiative.
Alms of New Body
The aims of the new body are
expressed immediately In the elaborate programme of studies prepared for its nine sections. The
•more ultimate aims are expressed
in more general statements. "Constructive rt'voltuiou" Is the phrase
of Francq, speaking for the technicians. "The replacement of government by the workshop" ls the
expression 'of Jouhaux. But the
key Idea is presented by Laurent,
speaking for lhe State and municipal employees: "It ls not enough
to desire control, it ls necessary to
be competent to control." This Is
the fundamental conception of the
Economic Labor Council which is
concerned to present, with the cooperation of the technical and
other workers, detailed schemes for
the re-orgoniaation of industry on.
a social basts. The method' of
achieving these schemes it left to
the end of the programme as a
point to be discussed later, and the
type of society aimed at Is left to
the general conception of "nationalization idustriolisee," or comun-
ally-ownod industries controlled by
the producers and consumers In
some form of association to be
worked out. What Is the Important thing is that the C. Q. T. enlarges its scope so as to bring Into
association with It the technical
and administrative workers as Indispensable to the revolution; and
since these cannot come ln as ordinary "militant trade unions" a
special body ot association ls formed ln the Economic Labor Council that will unite the two sections
of Industry. But the enlargement
goes beyond these, snd brings In
also the civil sen-ants and ths co-
operators as representatives of the
consumers: and this is a till more
Important step for the C. O. T. In
relation to Its past history. The
function of the producer Is no
longer considered all-engrossing;
and the necessity of the representation of both producers and consumers is now emphasized. The
"atolier" that Is to replace the Government, Jouhaux has declared,
must no longer be .simply the
"atelier   corporatif,"    the    trade
Anion group, but also the
social" or the social group.
Receive* Crltlclm
A good deal of criticism, though
not very clearly defined, has been
expressed by,the extremist minority of the C. G. T. over the whole
conception of the' Economic Labor
Council. They have objected to the
introduction of non-trade union
elements; and they have expressed
scepticism aa to the council itself
being more than an academic body.
The relegation of the "methods of
realization" of th* economio
change to a last point te be con-
i sidered later would, ln their eyes,
stamp its non-revolutionary character. Certainly th* actual results
likely to be achieved by the
council are still unpredictable, and
Its founders would agree that the
whole thing'Is still In process of
formation. At present th* mi
festos abundantly Issued In connection with It hav* a large utterance, but whether it will get beyond the manifesto-producing stage
remains te be seen.
Italian Scheme
With the Italian scheme we com*
te a proposal yet more ambitious
and ytt more doubtful In its outcome. It ia still only a paper
scheme, aad ls essentially no more
than an expression ot revolutionary
theory. The conception is that Soviets or Workers' Councils should
be formed and ba in full working
order before the revolution, In
order to be ready to take control
immediately on the development of
the revolution. Th* constitution
proposed establishes a Provisional
Central Exeoutlve Committee of ten
members, four from the Socialist
Party, three from the General Con.
federation of Labor, two from the
Syndicalist Union, and on*
from th* Co-operative League
(thus giving an effective majority
to the Socialists, ths General Con-
Federation of Labor being in close
association with the Socialist
Party). This Central Committee is
to Initiate and control the formation of Soviets all over Italy, and
then summon and report to the
National Congress of Soviets of all
Italy. Similar provisional committees are to be set up for the regions, provinces and. districts, at
first by nomination, and thereafter
to be electlv*. Th* division of regions, etc., Is to b* made on economle grounds. All workers (hand
and brain) over 18, not being em-
ployers, are to vote, the elections
for the Town Soviet* are to be
based en oae delegate for each SSS
workers, or fTart thereof, in a factory (small factories to unite for
this purpose), together with representatives up to SO ptr eent. At the
total from the Socialist Party, trade
unions, co-operative societies, and
technleal workers' associations. In
the case of the county district Soviets, one delegate for 50 peasants
wilt be sent to the Commune Soviet, which shall then delegate one-
fourth of its members to the District Soviet, (thus giving one delegate for SSS, as with the Town So-
vletB). These dlstriot Soviets are
meet weekly and appoint delegatea to the Provincial Soviet
which shall meet monthly and appoint In Its turn to to the Regional
Soviet, meeting once a quarter. The
elections are to be held every six
months, on the proportional system, and the delegates are to be
removable on a vote ot lack of confidence by thetr cons^tuents.
Criticism of this scheme in Italy,
from the revolutionary point of
view, has centred on the proposal
to Include unorganized labor in the
franchise and thus Introduce non-
revotutlonary elements. There haa
also been the same reluctance to
associate with the co-operators, the
reformist element in the trade
unions end tho technical workers.
In considering -a scheme of this
character it would not be wise to
approach lt In the same way as one
would approach the attempted
"Workers' and Soldiers' Councils"
in Great Britain or the Soviets set
up by a handful of extremists in
France. The very developed revolutionary situation in Italy and the
natural and deep-seated • tendency
to the "commune" type of organisation make the position fundamentally different. Nevertheless,
the whole scheme bears the stamp
of a Russian imitation, and its real
Importance lls doubtful."—Labor
Research Dept.
She Ute* Mental Dynamite on the
People of Halifax City,
Nora Scotia
Mrs. Rose Henderson, the Herald
1* requested to state, did not coi..e
to Halifax under the auspices of
the Looal Couneil ot Women, who
were asked to entertain her by J.
S. Wallace. They do not, moreover, endorse many of the views
which she expressed on the occasion of th* .afternoon reception at
the Women's Council House. Mrs.
Covert, regent of th* Shannon
Chapter, I. O. D. B., a non-political
body, will not, as advertised, preside at a meeting ln Dartmouth, at
which Mrs. Henderson is to speak.
The foregoing clipping, from a
tfalltttx paper, shows how Mrs.
Rose Henderson of Montreal hss
been disturbing the peace of staid
old Halifax with intellectual dynamite. She went to Nova Scotia under the auspices of th* newly-
formed Independent Labor Party,
and in order to give her plenty of
publicity for a starter, and to show
the bourgeois that one of the proletariat could match them In culture as well a ssurpass them In
depth of understanding and feeling,
a few meetings were engineered before bodies of "uplifters ot the
fashionable class."
After this preliminary, Mrs. Rose
Henderson spoke to her own people,
the workers, but tn neither quarter
did she suppress her revelations of
the iniquity of the present Industrial and political order, as may be
surmised from the opening quotation. As a result the established
order Is quivering with fright and
frenzy—but Mrs. Rose Henderson
goes Rally on with her gospel, expounded to large audiences of enthusiastic workers throughout the
Don't forget the O. B. U. danoe
and whiat drive in the Colilllon
hall tonight (Friday). Gents 50
centa, ladles 25 centa. Splendid
prizes for the whist driv%
Third   Union   Congress
Publishes Appeal for
Discipline     '
Communists  Form  Advance Guard, Saya
[By Qeorge Halloa**]
(Written for th* Federated Press)
Superior, WU.—Th* Third Union
Congress of Soviet Russia, according to Finnish' newspapers Just re'
ceived here, convened at Moscow
in the middle of April. Delegates,
1588 in number, from all parts of
Russia, Turkestan, Ukraine and
Don were present, representing 4,.
828,009 members.
The Congress wa* opened by
TomskiJ, president of the All-Russian Federation of Trade Unions,
who ln his opening address, emphasized that this Congress, oo the experience of 2(4 years, must call the
attention of the unlona to th* solving ot the important economical
problems facing th* worken ot
Bussia during th* transition period
to peaceful reconstruction. A* to
International relations, he said, th*
Russian appeals to the worker* of
the world will receive * response
that will create ajbasl* for a strong
trade union International, under
the banner of th* Third International.
Addresses of Welcome wer* de.
Ilvereh by Kalinin, Bucharln, Rr.
koff and Radek, and by representatives of various parties. Greetings were sent to th* German.wor-
Lenin Speak*
On the second dar Lenin welcomed the delegates on behalf of
the Soviet government    "Transition from military to economlo problems is characteristic of the present period," he said.    The purpose of communistic poller Is to
abolish classes a* well a* the distinction between workers and pea-
setts.    Onlr through the united
ettorta of the workers and peasant*
caA Socialism be realized. The proletariat must create a new system.
It is Impossible to gain freedom
. thitugh loyal solidarity and
uslosm.    It requires work of
..duration; it require* * moral
, Organizing strength of all workers'created by the dictatorship of
ths] proletariat Thia dictatorship
is j rightful because the peasant
misses are without the bond ot
unity and discipline. These qualities brought the'victory over the
capitalist states, which have more
—moos and dreadnoughts.
Soviet Russia Strong In Unity
"Soviet Russia ts powerful on ao-
oount of thla strong voluntary unity. This unity Is strengthened by
the congresses of the workers and
peasants. No country has in a hundred years had so' many congresses
as Russia during the last few years.
No country has gained such a spirit
of democracy. Our congrosses are
marked by enthusiasm and unanimity. This Incomparable spirit of
voluntary association ls the basis of
the strength ot Soviet power. The
orders of the Soviet government are
obeyed without reluctance by the
workers and peasants.
'The proletariat which, ao far,
ha* been organized by trades,, is
now organizing itself as a olass,
The question ls to help thla claas
to reach Its aim. This will be realized before all by discipline. Now,
in the ilrst place, organizing unity
and moral education are necessary.
We need more discipline, mere per-
sonal responsibility, more dictatorship. These conditions ore essential for victory.
"The Communist form the advance guard of the worleers army.
If all organized workers and peasants will follow the decisions' of
the Communist congress, then the
final victory la sure."
Adopt Resolutions
Following   Lenin's   speech,   the
Congress adopted a resolution favoring:
1. The publication of an appeal
to all worker* ot Soviet Russia to
begin a united struggle against economical disorganization;
2. The immediate adoption by
•very union of a thorough and firm
Labor discipline;
S. Renewed efforts to Induce all
workers to take part through their
unions in Communistic policy under
tha leadership of the Communist
Party for the beneAt ot the Bussian
working class.
The congress further decided,
upon hearing th* report of the commissar of Labor, that it Is the duty
of the commissar to se* to It that
the 'decisions arrived at by the various congresses and other work-
era* organs concerning Labor ques-
tfcns are really put Into effect Fur-
tier, that unions must have more
controlling, power in the Commissariat of Labor. The memben of
tS* executive committee of the
Cbfnmissarlat must bs elected by
tie trade unlr- congress or by
locdl congresses or by their executive, committees. The factory committees, it was also agreed, must
irork in accordance with the decisions ot the organizations of their
tl ode. The factory committees are
u ider the control of the unions.
After the speech by Radek, the
c .egress adopted a resolution, by
Whfch the Russian trade union
movement Joins the Third International. An appeal will be sent to
the organised workers of alt countries to follow the example of the
Busstan trade union movement
The congress regarded trade education as the most important part
ot the educational work of the workers' strike In order that every
branch of Industry may have competent workers. Education must
be developed to embrace all phases
of the life and Illiteracy must bc
fought wilh vigor.
Cruisers, Prospectors and Work'
Boots of AU Kindt
Men's and Boys' Strong
Boots;  made of same
stock  as loggers.'   All
widths anl
heighths of
Soft oil-tanned uppor,
single or double aete, reinforced shank, Pari* speeial,
heel; made in widths B,
C, D, B, SB, SB, <B. Guaranteed te held calks.
51 Hastings
West '
Have You Registered?
The voters' lists ore now being
compiled, if you have not registered you should do so, the list Is n
new one and the old list will aot
be recognized. Tou should register
at once.
Flirts With Reactionaries
and Is Called to Time
by Soviets
(By the Federated Press)
Berll.—Th* charges that Urtaln
leaden of the newly-formed Oerman Communist Labor Partr (th*
faction that left th* Spartacus
League because ot the letter's alleged moderation) - were flirting
wtth reactionary offlcen for the
purpos* of starting a fresh revolt
against th* government whloh
might result in'* sort ot Nationalist-Bolshevist combination—charge*
which wer* mad* publlo following
the raid en a group of these alleged
conspirators on April 15—have apparently been taken seriously hr
the officials of th* Third (Moscow)
When the Communist Labor
Party wu organized, it immediately announced It* adherence to the
Third International, and clslmsd
to be tho only really revolutionary
party tn Germany. Now comes a
statement In Die Rote Fahne, the
crgan ot the German Communist
Partr, te the effect that the West
European Secretariat of the Moscow International has rejected the
application of the new party, and
for the following reasons:
-"Th* attltud* ot the Communist
Labor Party during the past weeks
ha* been the following:
"1. It has entered Into relations
with Kapp offleen and thus engendered the danger of having near-
revolt* provoked by spies.
"i. It has, ia connection with
theee Kapp offlcen, again made
concessions to Nationalist-Bolshevism, and has alao advanced the
cauae ot thia Nationalist-Bolshevism through taking into its ranks
groupa known to support Nationalist-Bolshevism.
'8. It stands for Individual terrorism and individual sabotage.
4. It regards It as its presumptive task to fight with all means,
even terrorism, the Communist
Party of Germany Spartacus
League, which Is afflliated with the
Communist International."
Detroit—A shutdown of Industries for a period to brine the wor-
_kera to their "senses" ts advocated
"by the Michigan Manufacturer*
Financial Record, in a reeent la*
This organ feels outraged over th*
"high" wagea paid to Industrial
worker* tn this state and eepeciallr
ln Detroit, and Is avowedly tn favor
of throwing hundreds of thousand*
ot bread winners out en th* street*
in order that the proflt* ef the Industrial overlords mar not decrease. Already, in the put f*w
weeks -tens at thousand* of man
hav* been laid off. This Is traced
tn part te the rail strike, which ha*
greatly Interfered with the delivery
of raw material*. On th* other
hand, many point to the attitude
ot the employment agencies who
ar* hiring men from ten te twenty
cents an hour'leaa than wu paid
before, u an augury et th* threatened wholesale cutting at wages
through • ahutjewn.
Patronize FED Advertisers.
Big Strike on Railroad in New Zealand
(Continued fron page 1)
Australian Labor Government Take
Steps to Rectify the
Following the general strike of
August-September, 1917, the then
anti-Labor government indulged in
a carnival of-victimization against
the men who went out on strike
against the introduction of the
Taylor card system. The policy of
ruthlessness against the workers
was continued right up till the anti-
Labor government was displaced
from power in the third week of
March last Labor parliamentarians stated that If ever a Labor
government wu appointed ln New
South Wales, lt would see that the
victimized men got Justice.
It hu now been announced that
the government Intends to take
steps at the earliest moment to see
that the railway men got the Justice te which they are entitled. The
unions, which were co-rc^istered
by the Holman government for
taking part in the strike, are to be
re-registered In the courts u Industrial unions, the victimized
men are to be reinstated, the right
is to be granted to union representatives to collect union fees trom
workers on the railway departmental premises, and poet union notices In the different workshops,
while other rlghta taken away from
the men following the atrike are te
be restored to them.
llngton. HI* Journey listed two
daya through mud and rain, wu
not an enjoyable one. It mnst be
admitted, but needa must when the
devil drive* and royalty wu hang
up. Prime Minister Massey arrived at Wellington on the Thursday
sight (April SS), and sever*! aaa*
tlv* conference* with til* at* tay
lowed. The men refused te mis
way on any point ts th* print*
minister. Finally on the Saturdar
(May 1), a full settlement wu arrive* at Aad what s glorious Map
Day victory H was r The men gal*.
ed their demand* which, Orietg
trt u fellows: A tribunal ot thru
rapruentatlve* (rom th* men and
th* government with an lndepta-
dent chairman to consider all thalr
disputes, te b* appointed within I
days. All lncreaae* of par t* b*
retroactive from * date te be decided br the tribunal. Ther* I* I*
be no victimization ef the men for
striking, aad their snuperannu*.
tlon rlghu are to bo safeguarded.
The men hav* reserve* th* right to
•trik* again U ascsmary-Mf th*
terms et th* tribunal are aet to
their Uklng.
Th* mala petal* about th* depute ara th* remarkable solidarity
ot lh* railway mm—coming nt to
a man, and th* spontaneous outburst of public sympathy with the
men. It Is expected that the mea
wlU accrue MtatanUd wage la-
creases and bettor working conditions as a result of the tribunal.
Th* government know* that th*
man hav* their mind* mad* up,
and solidly organized and hav* th*
sympathy wtth ail ether naion*—a*
much so that It their demand* ar*
not granted, a general strike eaa
be pulled almost at a mlnnt*"* n*-
ttce. It I* altogether A **taal ****
tary for the New Zealand men.
Unrest la PracUcaUy Every line
et Work—Government -
Discharge* Men
London.—Unrest prevails among
large and widely different sections
of the- workers. The London 'busmen are threatening to strike for
Increased wages; the gas workers
are balloting on the question of a
strike for a 19 shilling Increose
and longer holidays, and it Is expected that there will be a heavy
majority in favor; and now the
teachers are preparing for a fight.
There Is serious discontent In the
Admiralty dockyards. The government Is discharging 125 men
per week and at the,same time refusing—or at least failing to accept—orders for merchant shipping. Outside work will only be
accepted, they say, on condition
that the men accept dilution and
piece work. This la regarded as
an attempt to shift part of the risk
and responsibility on to the the
shoulders of tabor, and is being
strenuously opposed.
The Canadian Manufacturers
Association Is raising 11,000,000
for propaganda purposes. It is not
necessary to dilate upon what will
mean to the political, social and
economic lifo of tho country.
Holding the Fort
See Oar  Redaced Price* Vtt
Dry Goods
Groceries and Provisions
VANCOUVER—SI and SS Pender Street West Pbone Sey. SSS
SOUTH VANCOUVER—5S8S Fraser Street Phone Fraser SSS
NORTH VANOOUVER—111 Flnt Street Bast-Phone 8*1
NEW WESTMINSTER—S* Eighth Street. Phone 15BS
Direct Importers of
Foreign Woolens
We Cam iM
Lt** ef Baanockbam ,
sd Harris Tweeds
318 Hastings West
Vanconver, B. C
History of the Winnipeg: General Strike
May and June, UU
Giving the true facts and all tke details. A book that should
be In every home. Over 100 pages of the most Interesting reading ever published. Send your orders to Jamea Law, Secretary
Defense Committee, Room 4. ISS Bannatyne Avenue.
Procrastination dou not pay, then ts danger 1* delay, th* beat
time Is today.   DO IT NOW.
Prices:   Bundle orders, S40 per ISO copies, SSS per SS eople*.
$15 per 25 copies, single copies SSe each.   All charges prepaid.
"The Searchlight"
A Labor Paper published in Calgary, Alberta,
supporting the O. B. U. and all progressiva
Labor policies.
Send along yonr subscription to "Tht Searchlight,"
P. 0. Box 1608, Calgary, Alberta PAGE SIX
twelfth year, no. u   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    uncouveb, b. c
FRIDAY June 11, Is
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap, goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
The One Big Union
Published by the Winnipeg Central Labor Oonneil
Bead the News from the Prairie Metropolis
Subscription price $2.00 per year; $1.00 for six months
Address all communications with respect to subs and advts., to
■ARRY WIIiLCOCKS, Business Manager, Roblln Hotel, Adelaide Street, Winnipeg, lion. Communications to Bdltor should
be addressed tb J, HOUSTON, same address.
Por Twenty Tsars ws tu. limed this Oolon stamp toMM ond.r oar
FMeefll OolKcttTt Bsrssiaim
Form. Bath Strikes sad LoctoeU
SispatH Sittled by Arbttntm
StaaSy Emplaymtat ud SUllid Woitauniklp
Prompt Dellnrln to Doslon aad Pabile
Poaco sad Snccsii to Workors sad Employors
Prosperity of Shoo Uskisf Communltloi
As loyal union mon sad womon, we ssk
yon te demand shoes soaUac tko above
Ualon Stamp on Solo, Insole or Lining.
BolMl teroly, decora! PnHdoat,   Qbsrlos L. Bllata. floaorsl Sec-Trou.
Vancouver Unions
OOUMOIU—Prooidont, V. B. Bldglor i
 tj..,     T     Uasakall*    sasrolare     .1.
fnntst-arms, E. Klit; tnujooa W.
ritehord, J. a Monon, J. Jl.Olsrk,
3. WlUon.   Hteta lot snd Srd Wedni.
1.7. .un montk at P«der Hsll, P«nd«
atroot Wut.
vioo-praldoat, J. .BankaU: iseretary, J.
B. Csmpbolii troojorer, ■_ .BjMWi, !•'■
eU—Moots seeond Hondu In Ibo
swath. President, J. t. MoCom.I1; soe-
IQttlT. B. H. Neelondi, P. 0. Bos ««. .
snd Beinloroed Ironirork. ri, Ueol S7
—HeeU seoond snd fourth Mondoje.
Preildent Jss. Hootlnso: tssnolsl ee*
retsrr ond treuurer, Roy Uaiieur, Boom
218 Lobor Temple.	
Lumber Industry (cstnp ond mini
meet with fellow worker! in tbat Inlas-
trj, Organiie into tho Lumber Workeri
Induetrial Union of tho O. B. U. Headquarters, et Cordow St. W., Vaneonver.
Phone Sey. 7856.  _.
Meete every 2nd and 4th Weitneedaya
in tbe month. Prei., A. J. Wllion. Soe
treai., J. R. Campbell, Pender Hall, Pender Street Weit. Houn, » s.m. to 0
p.m.  Phono Bey. 891.
Meeti lut Sunday of eaeb month a*
S p.m. Preaident, w. 8. Thomion: vlce-
prealdent, 0. B. Collier: aecretary-treaaurer,  R. E. Neelanda, Boi 08,
ployeea, Loesl S8—Meeti Hiry trii
Wedneediy in the month at 2:80 p.m.
snd overy tklrd Wedneediy ln the month
at S p.m. Preaident, John dimming.,
aeerotrry nnd buiineu igent, A. Graham.
OBce snd meeting hall, 814 Pender St.
W. Phoae Say. 1881. OBce houn, S
ajn. to 8 p.m.	
duetrial Unit of the One Big Union—
An lnduitrlil union ot all workeri in logging and construction cimpi. Cout District and General Headquarters, 61 Cordon 81. W„ Vancouver, B. C. Phone Ssy.
T866. E. Winch, general aeeretary-
treasurer; legal advisers, Meiers, Bird,
Macdonald A Co., Vanconver, B. C.: audi-
ton, Messrs. Buttar A Ohiene, Vancouver, B. 0.	
Aaioelation, Looal 88-52—Office and
ball, 152 Cordova St.- W. Heeta Int
sad third Friday!. 8 p.m. Seeretary-
treaaurer, Tbomii Nixon; bueinen agent,
Poter Sinclair.
tbo 0. B. U. meet in tbeir anion ball
at tit Cordova St. W., every Pint and
Third Wedneediy in thi month. President V. Owens; vice-preiident. D. Ciriin;
Morotary, Earl King. Phone Hey.
Lnmber Industry, organiie into the L.
W. I. V. of the 0. B. U. Mlllworlt-
on* aectiona meet as followa:
Taaooaver—Lnmber Worken' headquarter!, tl Cordova St. W. Erery Monday
8 p.m.
Row Weatmlnator—Labor Hall, cor. Royal
Avo. snd 7th St. 2nd and 4th Wedneadaya at 8 p.m.
finer llllla—Old Moving Picture Theatre, Maillardville. Snd and tlb Thuw
day, 8 p.m.
Sen Moody—Orango Hall, 2nd aad 4th
Friday! st S p.m.
Bine, mill and smelter work-
an' Unit of the One Big Uaion, Metal
Uleroaa Mlnen—Vaneonver, B. 0., head-
4UM.ro, 81 Cordova Street Weat. All
worken engaged In thii. induitry aro
•rged to Join tbe Union before going on
Ibo fob. Don't wait to be orginlied. bnt
organise younelf.
North America {Vancouver and viola-
; ity)—Branch meeta second and fonrtb
Mondaya, Boom 204 Labor Temnle. Preit-
dint, Wm. Hunter, 116 Tenth Ave. North
Vaneonver; Snanclal aeoretary, E. God-
Sard, 866 Richard! Street; recording iee-
retary, J. D. Russell, 028 Commercial
Drive.   Phone High, 2204B.
era—You noed the Cimp Workers of
C*r indoetry. They need you. Organiie
gether In the 0. B. U. Induterlal Unit
ef your occupation. Delegate! on every
lob, or writo tho District Headquarter.,
SI Cordova St. W., Vancouver. Entrance
fee, 8)1.00; monthly dues. 81-00.
Faatencn, I.L.A.. Locll Union 8BA,
Series 5—Koala tko Snd and 4th Friday!
af tko month, Lsbor Temple, 6 p.m.
President, William Baylor; Snanolal iee-
retary and builneia agent, 11. Phelpa;
oorreipondlng aeeretary, W. Lee. OBee,
Room 207 Labor Tomplo.
Employee!, Pioneer Dlvliion, No. 101
—Meete A. 0. F. Hall, Mount Pleasant
lit and 3rd Mondaya at 10.15 a.m. and t
p.m. Pnaldent, B. Bigby; recording
secretary, F. E. OrlBo, 447—6th Avenuo
Eait; trauirer, F. Sldsway: Sninelll
Seeretary and bnalneaa agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4306 Dnmfrlea Street; office cornor
Prior snd Main Sta. Phone Fair. 1804 B.
an' Union—Moeta 2nd and 4th Fridays, 305 Labor Temple. Prealdeat, W.
Wllion, 2230 OranviUe Straet; aaentarr,
I. T. Kelly, 1860 Haatinga St. E.; re-
aovding-eecretary, L. Holdiworth, 689—
Silk St. W„ Nortk Vancouver.
America, Local No. 178—Meeting! bold
Bnt Monday in eaeh month,' 6 p.m, Prei-
idjKt, J. T. Eliworth; vice-president, A.
R. Gstenby; recording secretary, C. MoDonald, P. 0. Box 603, Phone Seymour
»28IL: Snanclal aeenary, Robt. MoNelah,
P. 0. Box 508.
Provincial Unions
vicious, g, p.
and Labor Council—Meets flnt ud
tklrd Wednesdays, Knifhli of Pythias
Htll, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. Preildent, E. 8. Woodward; vice-presidont,
A, 0. Pike; secretary-treaaurer, Christian
Blverti, p. Q. Boi 802, Victoria, B. 0.
bor Council—MeeU second and fourth
Tuesdays of each month, in Carpenters'
Hall. President, 8. D. McDonald; vice-
prrsident, A. Ellis; secretary, Geo. Wad*
dell.  Box  273,  Prince  Rupert,  B. 0.
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Meets every Tuesday fn tho Mclntyre Hall at 8 p,m. Meetings open to all 0. B. C. members. Seeretary-trensurer, J. H. Burrough, Box 833,
Princo Bupert,  B.  C.
Cartoonist Dead.
Claude Marquet, the' famous Australian Labor cartoonist, attached
to the Australian Worker, Sydney,
met an untimely death through
drowning In Botany Bay, Sydney,
on April 17 last. Deceased, who
lived In a somewhat retired hind of
Ufe at a little seaside locality
known as Kurnell, was crossing
Botany Bay in his little yacht when
It was caught in a squall, and the
boat overturned. In attempting to
save a comrade who was with him,
and who could not swim, he was
Marquet's cartoons were world-
known, and were extensively copied
In all Labor papers throughout the
world. He was easily the beat of
Labor cartoonists ln Australia, and
had not his peer ln any part of the
world. He refused many tempting
offers from other parts of the world
—preferring to remain a member
of the staff of the Australian Worker and assist, by the aid of brush
and pen, ln building up the Australian Labor movement. His
death ls regretted by the whole
Australian Labor movement, and
steps are being taken to suitably
recognize his work. He died at the
age of 53, and leaves a wife, but
no children,
Olve a little encouragement to
our advertiser*.
Dr. DeVan's French Pills
A rellible Herniating Pill for Women, IS
a box. Sold at all Drug Stores, or mailed
to any address on receipt of price. Tha
Scrt.ll Dm* Oa., It. Catharines, Ontario.
Restores Vim and Vitality; for Nerve and
Brain; Increase! "fray matter;" a Tonic
—will build yoa mp. $8 a box, or two for
85, at drug stores, or by mail on receipt
of price. Tht SeobtU Drug Co., St. Oath-
arints, Ontario, ,	
IB Hastings St. K.
0. S. V. OABD
Patranlxa Those Who Patronlie Tonl
Big Ben
Ballard's Furniture Store
1134   KADI   STBEET
Pkau lajmour SU7
Wa will exchango jour aeoond hand
fnrniture for new,  1 a«nare deal ar
jnt money baob,       	
But the Star of  Hope
Shines for the
Joseph Dletzgen once said,
"History stands atill because she
gathers force for a great catastrophe." This was many years before 1914, but the catastrophe Is
now upon us. A revolutionary
period' is a time when the evolutionary process can be perceived,
and so rapidly are the social
changes taking place that great historic events pass by almost unnoticed. A ruling class never learns.
The bourgeoisie look at things today In exactly the same wuy as
their forefathers did, because they
are guided by the same principle.
They still expect things to right
themselves. It ls Inconceivable to
them that the proletariat can supplant them. To them the great
unwashed is Incapable of any
thought beyond that * connected
with satisfying Its Immediate material needs. If the workers make a
move, it Is due to some agitator or
other, and if we can only get rid
of the trouble makers, say the master class, all will be well. Things
will settle down again as they were
before, and once more our dearly
beloved system will sing again the
songs of proflt. Each individual
member of the master class looks
at things from the point of view of
his own interests. If he could do
so and ao, all would be fine for
htm. He never can, and never will
be able to gauge the effect of any
action of his on the general situation. This is the reason why the
capitalist class Is making such a
mess of things. The worker cries,
"Workers of the World, unite," and
the army of the proletariat steadily
grows. The capitalist class cannot
unite or agree upon any settled policy. They are quareltlng amongst
themselves to such an extent that
another war In the immediate future is a possibility, that is if they
can get their slaves to fight each
other. As Trotsky points out, it is
either' permanent war or revolution.. Economic necessity commands.
Another Storm Brewing
Social forceB are at work which
the master class does not understand, and therefore cannot control. The proletariat on the other
hand, owing to tbe fact that the
mechanism It creates and operates
causes it to view things in the general is rapidly becoming the' educated claas. The mentality of the
bourgeoisie world is bankrupt.
When the present political puppets
are removed, It has none with
which to replace them. Its press
reports that labor troubles are subsiding, but before the ink Is dry
on the lying sheets, it has to report that they have broken out
again somewhere else with renewed
violence, and eo after all its lies,
and all the millions It has spent,
after all the war material it has
unintentionally supplied the Bolshevik with, free of charge, after
It has done its damndest with poisoned gas and everything else, it
has a bitter pill to recognize In
Soviet Russia. No wonder some
capitalist countries such as France
almost go mad at the thought, but
John Bui) has no choice. He must
or perish. Food is not very plentiful in Britain just now, the slaves
nro restless and there may be difficulty in obtaining food from this
continent shortly, that ls ln sufficient quantities. The political situation is cloudy, and another storm
is gathering. The ruling clnss ls
dividing into two camps for its last
great conflict. British capitalist interests have an International capitalist enemy, Its color Is other than
Strings Pulled ln Wall Street
The strings that guide the A. F.
of L. convention now being held at
Montreal are pulled In Wall street,
and In Europe. . In France, Germany, Australia, the U. S. and Canada, in Ireland, In fact, everywhere,
It is working for the destruction
of the British Empire. Lloyd
George Is an opportunist, he never
possessed the calibre of a statesman. He has fooled the British
ruling class into believing that he
possessed a knowledge of International politics, because he happened to be successful in gulling the
proletariat of Britain while the war
was on.
The Allies are supposed to have
won the war, but the peace is not
to their economic advantage. A
rude awakening Is In store for
many, but let come what will come,
it is all to the advantage of the
proletariat. The catastrophe predicted by the Socialist philosopher
Is not yet fully accomplished, but
the sona of Martha will stand the
shock, for they feel and realise that
the triumph of their class Is now
only a question of time. The proletariat cannot die, it ls the only
class that Is ' imperishable, and
amidst the crash of systems, creeds
and nations, the class conscious
section of the working class is the
only portion of human society that
perceives brightly shining above It,
the star of hope.
May Offer Armed RcalHtance to tlie
Enforcement of the Peace
(By the Federated Press.)
London.—Governor Horthy Is
preparing Hungary for armed resistance to the enforcement of the
Peace Treaty, according to reports
received by the London Dally
Magyar White battalions are being transported daily from Budapest to that section of West Hungary assigned to Austria; Hungarian munitions factories are
working day and night; and the
Hungarian war ministry, Instead of
reducing the army to 36,000 permitted by the treaty, has enlarged
Its forces to 115,000, It is stated.
Washington—Oil Interests plotting for annexation of Mexico are
enraged because the "Stars and
Stripes" boo warned the «-*ervlce
men against the intrigue ef the interventionist*
THE IDEA is sometimes put forward that woman tar. more
revolutionary by temperament
than man. This ls based on the
belief that she acts more on'intuition and emotion than by reasoning
things out logically, and Itf/therefore likekly to act more quickly.
Tet woman may also be intensely reactionary on intuitive or * motional grounds.
This is often so. The conservatism of women was an argument
used against giving them the vote,
and many feared the dead-weight
of their numbers against social
Benjamin Kidd, in the "Science
of Power," builds up a case for
what he calls "the Emotion of tho
Ideal" as a great revolutionary factor.
Women, in his view, are to bring
tho influence of a great new ideal
Into the world. Men are alleged
to be moved more by egotistic or
self-regard Ing impulses, and women by altruistic or other-regarding
impulses. The care of the woman
for her child; the fact that she
lives so much forothers is supposed to have developed In her a
new principle of world-shaking
power Which Is opposed to the
harsh, selfish outlook of the male.
The case seems to be very much
There are selfish women aiid unselfish men as well as the reverse.
The love of a woman for her family may tend, Instead of leading to
a wider human sympathy, to restrict her outlook and cause her
to disregard the feelings and desires of others outside her little
What Is true is that the emotional power of woman 1s played
upon by conditions. •
In ancient society, when descent
was reckoned through the gens or
totems of women, then women
were more important socially than
the. men. There was nothing to
make them revolutionary. They
had full rights and full freedom.
With the rise of property this
was altered. The gens broke up.
The patriarchal Bystem commenced. The man wanted private
property for himself and his heirs;
he also desired the labor of his
wives and children. Lewis Morgan
deals elaborately with this in
"Ancient Society," and Jenks, in
his "History of Politics," gives a
short, clear account of the change.
The word "family," he says, is
derived from an Italian word
"famel," meaning slave. ThlsJln-
dicates the earlier conception of
family relations.
The revalent customs of 3'friar-
rlage by conquest or by* purchase
show that no idyllic and beautiful
relationship between man "and toman existed at the beginnings the
patriarchal system. The systbrt' involved slavery for the woman, und
the conception current theA i: has
persisted under varying forms'ever
Bince. n.no
In fact, at periods of Roman and
Grecian history the courtesaiV was
regarded as higher tn the il social
scale than the married woman, who
was simply part of the husband's
"goodB and chattels."
During feudal times women were
treated with a chivalrous regard
which emphasized inequality and
the pride of possession. There was
something of the harem view
about it. Women . were valuable
hot-house plants not allowed to
grow freely; sheltered from the
wind and the rain and carefully
trained to satisfy the taste of their
From the Renaissance to the
Restoration certain women, both
in England and in the salons of
the Continent, did achieve recognition as people of intellect and influence, but later on, In the days
of the Whigs, women were stifled
in the dull drawing-rooms of the
middle class, who set the tone of
the age. To take an interest in the
real problems of life waa regarded
as unladylike. Women who revolted against tliis in the sphere of
literature were compelled to adopt
men's names in order to avoid condemnation.
When the slender stock of reasonable Ideas possessed by the average middle class man was eliminated from "his Intercourse with
women one may Imagine how
empty and Ignorant their Ijves
Cicely Hamilton, In her book,
"Marriage as a Trade," refers to
the kind of ideal woman desired
by man as half-angel and half-
idiot. Tet this silly angel type ls
often held up as a pattern even
Luckily, working women have a
far greater practical equality with
their men-folk than their sisters
of the upper and middle class. The
necessities of life Inculcate a truer
comradeship between the working
man -and his wife, who does not
lead a sheltered or artificial life.
Tet the poorer women have to
contend with terrible economic
evils. Sweated labor and women
labor are very nearly synonymous
terms. Their weakness Is tin excuse for exploiting them more than
the men. We see here the ch'iValry
which shows how hollow these
Ideas really are. Contrast the position of the destitute man with that
of the woman. The man can tramp
ln search of work; he ean stay in
cheap lodging houses, and can
rough It in various ways.. But
women cannot do this, The -morality of capitalism does not , give
them a chance. The streets .claim
them by thousands. The .Ijorror
and Infamy of the present soplal
order ln connection with poor
friendless girls has never been fully
explained and exposed.
There are two tendencies behind
the modern feminist movement.
One stream of thought coming
from tho middle-class women emphasises equality In education and
the right to enter various professions; the other stands for the
interests of women in Industry,
The revolt against the general servile status of women and against
the more precise economic evils
both contribute to the strength of
the movement. The war has overshadowed the movement which
flamed out in the yeaTS immediately preceding It. Tet that, movement Is worth attention.' It was
characterized by enthusiasm, In
trepldity, and ability. The middle
and upper class women who took
a leading part were smarting from
the sense of sex Inferiority.
The vote to them was a symbol
of the equality ot the sexes.   They
reacted against the accepted conditions and standards.
The leaders of the militant
movement declared that they were
out to incite women to destroy
property because the government
cared more for property than for
life. This note was insistently
struck. Clearly, underlying the demand for the vote was a sense of
irritation at the whole of the
property status of women, and this
expressed itself vaguely in attacks
upon property.
Women seem either to meekly
accept the conventional standards
or else they feet a fierce sense of
revolt against the indignity and
degradation which those standards
involve. They are realizing, too,
that their freedom Is bound up
with the ending of the private
property system. The successful
business man who decks his wife
with jewels and shows her round
much as he would display a flne
motor car which indicates his
wealth, is typical ofl the times. Tet
many of the women in the upper
cluss recoil from the logic of thetr
movement towards freedom. When
It comes to choosing whether they
will throw up their position as
memberB of a privileged claas in
order to gain freedom as a sex they
feel class interests first.
If the feminist movement Is not
to be futile It must Join up with
the labor movement, otherwise it
Is tied to a social order which regards women as inferior, and its
activities are paralyzed-
Long ago, In the. "Communist
Manifesto," Marx shrewdly analyzed the common charge that Socialists stand for the "Socialization
of Women." He pointed out that
Socialists stand for the common
ownership of property, ahd as the
defenders of the present order regard women as property, naturally
they think that women are Included too! They have not an
inkling of the truth, which is that
Socialism proposes to raise women
from their property status and give
them econimlc and personal freedom to exactly the same degree
as that possessed by man. As the
women realize this more and more,
the Socialist movoment ls bound to
gain their support.—k. M. Fox In
The Socialist.
Government   Is   Taking
This Question Up as a
National Matter
AU attempts to check the 44
hour week movement In Australia
having failed, there is a movement
on foot to have the, matter gone
thoroughly into by the government
as a national question. The movement has spread rapidly through
the most of the Australian States,
and the majority of unions have
taken lt up and are making preparations for the substitution of a
44-hour week instead of the old 48
hour week. In a great number of
unions the 44-hour week is already
an established fact.
An attempt was made to prevent
lt coming Into force In the building
trades. How hopeless was the task
will be seen. The Industrial Court
of New South Wales prosecuted the
Bricklayers Union for taking pnrt
in a strike, alleging that as they
had awards providing for a 48-hour
week, the fact jthat they only worked 44 hours weekly constituted a
strike. Thc union was fined $500,
and the award was amended whereby the men working the 44-hour
week were to receive 12 cents per
hour less than,the men working 48
hours weekly. How futile this ruling was Is shown by the fact that
the union has not paid the flne,
nor hag any attempt been made to
enforce it. Further than that, the
very next day after the new award
rateB were announced the building
employers were down at the union
offices pleading for bricklayers, offering them a 44-hour week and
offering to pay them an advance of
24 cents per hour above what the
court ruled. With the added realization that the bricklayers themselves are taking on contract work,
and thus limiting the scope of
profits usually preserved to the
employers, the attempt of the bosses to prevent the 44-hour week
has proved a fiasco.    «
It seems certain then, that the
employers will have to give way to
the workers on the 44-hour week
question, and In order that it may
be uniform, the Australian government is preparing to call a conference of all parties to go Into the
matter, making It a national question. The men demand it, and the
fact that there Ib a shortage of
skilled labor In Australia, means
that they are going to get It,
Workers of Chrlstchnrch Are Not
In Fnvor of Feasting the
Prince of Wales
Chrlstohurch, New Zealand—The
decision of the Chrlstchurch City
Council to spend money upon the
reception and entertainment of the
Prince of Wales called forth the
following protest from a Labor organization in this city: "This meeting of the Labor representation
committee strongly protests against
the proposal of the Chrlstchurch
city council to use material, labor
and money ln welcoming royalty,
especially when material and
money can be diverted to better
channels, and more especially when
it is realized that royalty Is the
keystone of aristocracy and that the
perpetuation of the aristocracy Ib
inimical to the best interests of
Subscribers, Please Note!
Many subscribers In renewing
tbelr Hubscrlptlons are sending In
the old price. Tlie new rates ara
as follows: In Canada, $2.50 per
year; $1.50 per half year, Unitod
States, $3.00 per year. If subscribers will see tlmt thoy send tn the
proper amount It will aid' us and
also avoid confusion.
Where 1s your union button?
ON 11
Business Element Greatly
Disturbed Over Action
of Workers
/A very much disturbed business
man of Seattle, says the Forge, remarked last week upon returning
from a trip to the Orient:
"The Japanese have acquired all
the vices of the Occident. Where
the workers are nof on strike they
are slowing down In production
until their demands are met.
Capital and labor are at each
others throats. Japan is in a turbulent state of unrest."
In Japan labor unions are forbidden by law. So far .as surface
indications go there is practically
no Socialist political movement
since the execution of several Socialist leaders some ten years ago,
and anyway the Industrial workers
are disfranchised by property qualifications under which only fifteen
per cent of the adult male population may vote. But {here ls a
growing understanding between
the workers, and the Japanese trait
of lmitativeness comes into play
very strongly in the labor world.
Finding themselves balked by governmental intimidation and terrorism and bullied and beaten by
the local police lf they loft their
tasks in order to adjust grievance,
the workers decided to strike upon
the job. They did this without
any agitation from the I, W. W^
or any urging by "outside agitators." They had never heard the
word "sabotage," The Scottish
term "Ca'-Canny" was not In thetr
vocabulary. But they soon invented a phrase that meant "go
Eighteen thousand workers at
the Kawasaki Dockyards, one of
the largest shipbuilding concerns
In the Orient, were to attract attention by applying the "go slow"
policy. Their pay was from $9 to
|25 a month when translated Into
our money. They asked for a 60
per cent. Increase, Immediate payment of an overdue bonus, an additional bonus every six months, decent sanitary conditions and dining
rooms to he furnished by tho company. The president of the company Ignored the wage demand
completely and tried to temporize
on the others. With no further
notice the "go slow" strike .went
Into effect among the 18,000 men
who were not "organized" In the
ordinary sense of that word. Carpenters suddenly became strangers
to the tools with wliich they had
been familiar, energetic * workers
seemed io tire at the slightest exertion, and even the "ignorant
coolies" managed to carry their
loads of material all over the yards
In order to shift them a few feet.
The police were helpless, the
courts could.give no relief; arrest
of the supposed ringleaders intensified the situation, and the men
listened, while drawing pay, to lectures, threats and promises, after
which they returned to the yards
more tired than before. Then came
a lockout—but that shut off production altogether and there were
time clauses in the contracts of
the company. Within ten days of
the flrst application of the "go
Blow" method -the company had
conceded practically every demand
of the workers.
Immediately the imitative lfttle
Jap3 at the. Osaka Iron Works
used the tactics as a model and
after a short struggle gained a
complete victory from this second
large shipbuilding establishment.
With complete silence in fhe daily
press as to the development of
"go slow" strikes,' the news spread
by word of mouth to all the industrial centres and has been as quickly adopted.
The bnly proposal the employers
have made to combat the "go
slow" strike is to place the entire
industrial population on a working
card license basis. Police are to
have complete records of all registrations. Strikes and lockouts are
to be prohibited by law. Workers
of groups caught using "ca'-canny"
will have their cards withdrawn
and Industrial employment will be
denied to them. If this proposal
becames the law the only result
would be to increase industrial disorder and to cause a greater slackening ln production..
Things do not happen merely because they talk about them or advocate them. The "go alow"
strike Is the result of a condition,
not the result of a theory, and it
goes to show that there is a class
struggle tn society and there can
be no peace so long as the masses
are hungry while the few have
more of the good things of life
than they can consume.
Have Yon Registered?
The voters' lists are now being
compiled, if you have not registered you should do so, the list is a
new one and the old list will not
be recognized. Tou should register
at once.
Would Have Bcen Shot By the Indian Government for
Washington—The department of
Labor haa cancelled deportation
warrants against Santokh Singh,
Gopal Singh and Bha Singh, who
were convicted In the so-called
"Hindoo conspiracy" cases ln San
Francisco In 1018 of having violated American neutrality.
The cancellation of these warrants means the saving of the lives
of the three Hindus mentioned.
They would have been shot as "disloyal" to the British government,
which controls India, if deported.
The Labor Party of the United
States at its flrst convention in Chicago, last November, flled a protest
against the deportation of these
men, who were arrested for their
efforts In trying to free India from
British rule.
Get On the Voters* List
Tou may think that no change
ean be brought about by voting,
but at least you should use your
ballot at the next election. The
lists are now being compiled, and
it is up to you to get on the list
for your district
We Have the Largest and Host Complete Range of Odd
Pants in Vancouver
weaves and striped effects. Cut very fashionably,
trimmed very durably, and tailored faultlessly. All sizes.
Priees $6.50 to $14.50
TWEEDS IN ALL SHADES, cut on roomy and comfortable lines, with five pockots and belt loops; very durable
for general purposes; all sizes. Prices ....$6.00 to $7.50
HEAVY BEDFORD CORDS, with medium heavy rib,
strongly made to stand the hardest wear, two side, two
hip, watch pocket, and belt loops. For a working pant
this can't be beaten. All sizes. Price $5.75
bining service and economy. For a low priced pant, we
strongly recommend these. All sizes. Price $3.25
Vard, Norway—A Scandinavian
Labor delegation reached Murmansk," In Soviet Russia, on May
2. The delegation was received by
Soviet representatives, among them
M. Begl, who arrived directly from
Moscow to welcome the delegation
on behalf of the Soviet government.
Begl explained the hope that the
visit of the delegation would bri
friendly relations between ij
Russian and Scandinavian workei
Langseth replied on behalf ot tl
Norwegian workers, and Karla
on behalf of the Swedish.
Ask your grocer lf his clerki *
In the union?
Men's $900 Shoes
Exempt from
Luxury Tax
Men's genuine Blaek OaU ]
Boots,   Goodyear  welted I
toles of oak leather, medi. '
tun and wide toe stylet, i
All   Union-Made   Shoe* j
the best shoe values in tho ]
Large HaU for Meetings
For terms apply 3. R. CAMPBELL, 804 Pender St. W.
Phone Seymour 291
10 Sub. Cards
Good lor one rear's mbnerlptloi to Tkt
B. 0. Fedtntionlst. will be mile* to
iny address In Canada for $2S.M
(Oood anywhere ont (id* sf VftoeonM
city.)  Order ten today. Remit whtnatM.
Bakers' Strike
Buy Union-Made Bread and
help the bakers fight against
The Open Shop
Night Work
Demand this label
on your bread   SI
The J. H. Sweder Co.
Better materials—Better make—Better values.   Our
auits prove this!  Let us show you I
Phone Seymour 2359
820 Granville St Vancouver, B. C SlliDAt..
.June 11, III*
twelfth tear. no. ia   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, k tt
Quality .*. Service
642-Granville Sbeet-642
'atronize Federationist Advertisers
Here They Are, Btdexed toi Ton
lit. Colon HU, Out This Oat oatX Olre It to Toot Wife
punk of Toronto, Hastinga A Canine; Victoria, Herrltt sod Now Westminster.
.0701 Bank ot Canada, 12 Branches la Vancourer, 19 in B. 0,
tlsdalls Limited-
A, Flett.	
Son Jonei (Brunswick Pool Booms)      '
Boots and Shoes
_«18 Hastings Street W«t
 Hastinga Street Weat
lasting! Straet East
■toodwin Shoe Co., _
Tiglodo w Shoo Store-.
I" K" Boot Shop	
I'icrre Paris	
■Vm. Dick Ltd..
-IM Hutings Street East
"1 Granville Btreet
..31ft Hastings Streot West
,..64 Hastings' Street West
-Hastings Street. East
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street West
JvlacLac.Ian-Taylor Company 61 Cordova Street West
Cornett Bros ». V 66 Hastings W.
Cafes _i.   .
■Golden Gate Cate  ' .....Hastings Street Bast
K). B. JJ, Model Cate ..>.. ...67 Cordova Street West
fOrpheum Cafe Opp. Orpheum Theatre
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
f Arnold * Quigley. 546 Qranvllle Street
Clumans, Ltd 15S Hastings Street West
Clubb * Stewart .-. 309-315 Hastings Street West
B. C. Outfitting Co-..   - ,,348 Hastings Street West
Wm. Dick Ltd....... 33-49 Hastings Streot East
Thea. Foster & Co., Ltd. '. 514 OranvUle Street
Want Government to Op-
erate Mine in Conjunc- '
tion With Union
(By the Federated Prow)
Wllkesbarre, Pa.—It la an interesting foundlfng which the Trl-
dlstrict convention, just ended
here, has left on the government's
The miners embodied In their ac-
scptance of the government's commission ultimatum the demand
that the government take over certain anthracite mines and operate
them in conjunction with the union
ln order to. flnd out and demonstrate to the public the basic facta
about mining—management, equip.
ment, costs and profits. The union
proposes to put typical parts of the
Industry under a glass, case,, there
to be worked in full view until
consumers and miners, as well as
coal operators, at last can answer
the question, what does It cost to
mine a ton of coal? -
The 400 delegates made this
move at the climax of four days
of almost ferocious debate. The
settlement offered them by Secretary of Labor Wilson, and recommended to them by their own president* John Ij. Lewis, they voted
down unanimously as "the rotten
est proposition ever devised by the
mind of man." -They reluctantly
accepted what they called the "only
honorable way' open," that is
President Wilson's offer of a commission, and stated their reason
"This convention realises that
through Industrial class legislation
such as the court's interpretation of
the Lever Act, the abuse of the
writ of injunction with the tying
up of funds, with other repressive
measures, makes it almost humanly
impossible ta wage a successful
strike." . •
Parliament or Soviets?
LlHgfEP  \
J. W. Foster 4 Co., Ltd...
J. N. Harvoy Ltd.	
C. D.'Bruce..,
...345 Hastings Stroet West
New Tork Outfitting Co...
David Spencer Ltd.	
W. B. Brumitt...
-125 Hastings West and Victoria, B. 0.
   461 Hastings Street Weet
 -143 Hutings Street West
—— ,  Hastings Stroet
Thomas A MfBain......
Woodwards Ltd.	
Victor Clothes Shop...
D. K. Book .
-Cordova Stroet
..OranviUe Stroet
.............. ......—......Hastings and Abbott Streets
Ivmvy. viuim-3 ruu]i ,—....—.—.......—....—.... 112 Hastings West
D. K. Book 117 HaBtings Street West
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender street West
Riclcson's 820 Granville St.
I   Coal
[Kirk & Co., Ltd   .929 Main St, Seymour 1441 and 465
[Fraser Valley Dairies-
...8th Avenne and Yukon Street
Or. Brett Anderson ...
Dr. W. J. Curry.	
Dr. Oordon Campbell...
Dr. Lowe	
Dr. Orady. —•
Ml Hutings West
-301 Dominion Building
—Corner Oranvillo and Bobson Streets
-.Corner Hastings and Abbott Streets
...Corner Hostings and Seymonr Streets
Britannia Beer-
Cascade Beer..—..—
Patricia Cabaret.—.
Taxi-Soft Drinks...
.Van Bros.- —.
—Westminster Brewery Co,
-Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
.—411 Hastings Street East
-409 Dunsmuir Street
-—.-Ciders and wines
[.Vancouver Drug Co...
[Famous Cloak * Snit Co...
Dry Goods
-Any of their six stores
-623 Hastings Street West
[Vancouver Co-operative ...41,Pender Street West
[Brown Bros. A Co. Ltd..... 48 Hastings Bast asd 718 OranvUle Street
Funeral Undertakers
|5Tunn, Thomson ft Qlegg  631 Homer Street
iHaBtingsJ'urnitnre Co...
^___________________,    -*1 Hastings Street West
iBallard Furniture Store   1024 Main Street
■Home Furniture Company _ 416 Main Street
 j Groceries ,
1 Cal-Van Markot Hastings .Street Opposite Pantages
"Slaters" (three stores) Hastings, OranvUle and Main Streeta
Woodwards    .Hastings and Abbott Streeta
Spencer*. Ltd. - -————  Hastings Street
Vancouver Co-operative >  .41 Pender Street Wost
Union public Market  15-37 Hastings Street West
B. T. Wallace - .■—Ill HastlngB Street West
[ala'k and White Hat store Cor. Hastings ud Abbott Streets
[0. B. Allan 410 Oranvllle Street
iNortli West Mall Order House  - _ IIS Pender Street West
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
H. H, Malkin—  ——-.- —:_-(Malkin's Best)
Musical Instruments
iMason & Risch 738 Granville Street
Bwitzer Bros .' : ill Hastinga Street West
Novelties and Mail Order House
[North West Mall Order House IIS Pender Street West
Overalls and Shirts
(•'Big Horn" Brand. (Turner Beeton ft Co., Victoria, B. O.)
[Huntor-Hondcrsoa Paint Co. 641 OranviUe Street
Printers and Engravers
I Cowan ft Brookhouse,  - „ Labor Tomple
CloUand-Dibble -   Tower Building
 and the C. N, R.
I P. tt'E..:         ^^^^^^^^^^^—^^^—_
Tailors    ,
[Tom the Tailor 524 OranviUe St; 311 Hastings W.
[Abrams the Tailor - 614 Hastings West
I J. A. Flett  -Hastings Stroet West
Martin, Finlayson * Mather .'. Hastings Street West
[Emi>iess .
Theatres and Movies
The Czecho-Slovnk Soldiers
Editor B. C. Federationist: In an
article under the. heading, "will
attempt to lower the standard ot
living," in your paper, it was stated
that there was an Intention to keep
the Czecho-Slovak soldiers ln Canada, with the intention of using
them to lower the standard of living of the working men ln this
I do not know anything of the
plans of the capitalist interests of
this country, but 1 am able to
vouch for the Caecho-Slovaks, and
can say that they will not stay here,
but are anxious to proceed on their
way home.
Every one who saw the men at
their landing on Sunday will be
convinced that these men are both
able ahd willing to stick up tor fair
I am, respectfully yours,
Secretary Bohemian (Czech) National Alliance ln Canada.
New York Sees Birth of
New Industrial Union
Among Workera
(By the Feedrated Press)
New Tork.—An Industrial union
of sweeping potential strength has
emerged from the complex of
working-class movements in the
amalgamation of the hotel workers
and bakers in this city, who have
organized under the name of the
International Workers of the
Amalgamated Food Industries. At
the convention, at which hotel
workers were represented by 19
delegates and the bakers by 23, a
constitution was adopted and^reso-
lutione passed which formally
establish this new organization.
The plan of the new Industrial
union li to combine all workers,
skilled and unskilled, who are In
any way connected with the handling; preparing and serving of food.
Thta means that the union will
eventually consist of butchers,
bakers, grocery and delicatessen
clerks, delivery boys, drivers,
cooka, waiters and helpers. Hotel
workers of both sexes and colored
workers as well aa white are already included.
The radical temper of the movers
of this amalgamation Is expressed
In the preamble of the constitution,
which re-states the issue of the
class struggle and then continues:
"The master class In order to
sanctify and protect its possessions
presses into service the powers of
the state, nation, police, mllltla,
press and pulpit.
"On the other nand the millions
of workers have no right to existence, justice and protection; they
are betrayed and sold out by the
state, nation, press, and .pulpit; the
arms of the police and the militia
are arrayed against them.
"In order to cope with the present situation successfully the workers must organize and combine industrially ln the economic field on
the principle of the class struggle."
Concerning agreements and contracts, the constitution stipulates
that no contract shall be signed
between the organization of any
member of the organization and an
employer, and no agreement with a
specified time limit shall be sjgned
with ah employer. Other clauses
provide for the "shop as the basic
unit" of structure, shop committees
composed of one delegate for each
department; election of shop delegate every three. Jnonths. A democratic plan of union organisation
ls provided for. An editor ls Included among the members of the
Central Executive Board.
Be sure to notify the post offlce
rs soon as you change yonr address.
Tht following statement from tbe1
executive committee of the Third
International, which gives the post.'
tion assumed towards parliamentary action, was published in The
Worker in tbe old land. We reproduce it 00 that our readers can
study the position taken by the new
International Socialist and Revolutionary movement.
The ever-growing revolutionary
movement in all the countries of
the world boa made It imperative
to take, once for all, a definite at
titude towards the question of par*
All the revolutionary forces of
France, America, England and Germany, forced by the necessity of
the clasa war, become more and
more involved in the communist
movement and accept more and
more the programme of the Soviet
system. Anarcho-Sociallst bodies,
and those individuals who tilt now
claimed to be orthodox anarchists,
mix themselves up with others in
the general current
The executive committee of the
Third International welcomes thia
most cordially.
In Prance, the Syndicalist groups
under the leadership of Comrade
Perlcot, amalgamated with the
communists; in America and part*
ly In England, the Industrial Workers of the World engage in the
struggle for tho establishment of
the Soviets. Those groupa have, up
till now, been opposed to parliamentary action. Then again, those
elements whicli have appeared ln
the Socialist partlea and who believe ln parliamentary action—such
aa the group of Loriot in France,
membera of the American Socialist
party, the S.L.P. and B.S.P. and a
section of the I.L.P. in England,
have gone over to the communists.
AH thoae bodies which have Joined
with the communists, and others
which will follow suit In the near
future, require a common plan of
action. This question must be settled. Tho executive committee of
the Communist International therefore sends to all fraternal bodies
thia circular, which la entirely to
the consideration of the problem.
The main point in our common programme is that tho chief feature
of the Soviet system—the dictator-'
ship of the proletariat — should
have general recongnitlon and support. History has already drawn
a definite line between the revolutionaries and the opportunists, between Communists and soclal-tral-
tors of all tints and descriptions.
The so-called "centre" are,, ln
apite of all their solemn views,
practically non-socialist so long aa
they oppose the dictatorship of the
proletariat and the Soviets, On the
contrary, the groupa which have
up till now opposed every kind of
political action (as tho anarchists)
have Joined with the. Communists
in the flght for the. overthrow of
the bourgeoise..
Here la, we repeat, the general
plan of the flght for the establishment of tho Soviets. The old points
of view of ihe International proletariat have become obsolete. The
World War created new ideas. Several anarchists and syndicalists who
alwaya repudiated parliamentarian'
ism behaved during the Ave years
of war aa bad aa tha old leaders
of tho official Social democracy,
who traitorously kept the name of
Marx on their Ups, bu$ at the time
sold the working claas most ignom-
Iniously Into the power of their exploiters. The forces are concentrating Into t^yo camps—one Is for supporting the revolutionary movement of the working class, the Soviet dictatorship, mass action, the
armed insurrection; the other is
against it These aro the symptoms
of the present time. These are the
main facts. They are the cause of
the division and redivlsion of the
social forces. What la the difference between Sovietism and Parlla
mentariantsm ? They are two questions which logically have nothing
in common. One seeks to change
the present system constitutionally
through parliament; the other to
use parliamentarianism for overthrowing parliament, and for
speeding up the coming revolution.
Very often comrades confuse these
two things unnecessarily and dangerously Interfere with the course
of the raging struggle. Let us discuss both these questions thoroughly, and come to a Arm conclusion.
Is It possible to identify the Soviet
system with parliamentarianism?
No, a thousand times no. It is impossible because parliament is the
weapon of bourgeois class rule.
Representatives, houses of commons, the capitalist press, the secret treaties of the M.P.'s with
bankers—oil these are chains for
the working cluss. They must be
broken, The machinery must be
shattered, and in its atead must be
built up the order, the union of
the workers, their parliament the
Soviets. Only the moat execrable
traitors to the working class can
assure them that the social change
can come peacefully, by gradual
concessions and parliamentary reforms. Those Individuals are the
most dangerous enemies ot the
working class, and against them a
most relentless war must be waged.
Any kind of agreements, compromises, or alliances with' .them cannot be tolerated. Wherefore lt is
our duty to say to the whole capitalist world: "Down wit)} parliaments) Long live the Soviets!" The
social revolution haa come to such
a point that the workers must act
quickly and resolutely and not allow their class enemies to penetrate Into their camp. Only the
councils of workers, peasants and
soldiers, selected ln mills, workshops, villages and barracks,. can
lead the working class in the Social Revolution.
The bourgeois state, its kings,
presidents, parliaments, constituent
assemblies, etc., are our deadly enemies and must be crushed.
Let us now discuss the other
question: Is it permissible to use
the bourgeois parliamentarianism
for the precipitation ef the class
struggle? The Russian Bolsheviks
sent their representatives to the
constituent assembly. They were
there only 24 hours; .and coming
out of the session all proclaimed
that the constituent assembly was
dissolved. The Bolshevik party was
represented also ln the Tsarist Duma. Did they recognize ^he Duma
as an ideal representative body? Of
course not Thoy sent their representatives* Into the Duma to attack even inside of that Institution
the autocracy of the Tsar, and to
pull at the eamp time at the authority of the Duma itself. Not for
fun did tha Tsarist government
punish the "wicked" Bolaheviks,
thfljetiemles of "law and order" and
the "traitors to their country," by
penal servitude In Siberian prisons
audi minea The Bolsheviks attack
ed Tsarism on the whole front, pre
tending at the same time to be constitutionalists and parliamentarians
Similar parliamentary tactics were
practiced ■> elsewhere. Remember
Germany and Comrade Liebknecht
This comrade of ours waa the real
incarnation of revolution. Was
there anything non-revolutionary
tn his preaching the idea of the
armed insurrection to the soldiers
and sailors from the pulpit of the
German reichstag?—Quite the con
trary. He fully utilize* the opportunities of parliament. If Liebknecht had- not been a representative he would not have had the
chance to do that, and his voice
would not have had an echo aa It
now haa The work of our Swedish
comrades in their parliament gives
a -now support to our words. Comrade Hogland played the same part
ln Sweden aa Liebknecht ln Germany. Utilizing parliament he precipitated tho collapse ef parliamentarianism. Nobody haa ever
done more in Sweden for iho revolution than ho. The same fact repeats itself in Bulgaria. The Bulgarian comrados also uaed tho pulpit of parliament for tho propaganda of tho Ideas of the Communist revolution. In the last election
tbey got 47 representatives. Comrades Blagojew, Klrkow, and othors
know, how to utilize tha parliamentary pulpit for the propaganda
of the proletarian revolution. A
similar parliamentary work requires a special courage and a truly
revolutionary spirit Being inside
the hostile eamp they drop mines
in the way of their onemlea They
go into parliament in order to get
into closest touch with Its machinery, and theh put spokea In lta
wheels. Are we the supporters of
bourgeois parliamentarianism ?
Will we change the presont system constitutionally and by reforms? Not at all. We are the supporters of tho Soviets. We will use
the parliaments only for the propagation of our Communist ideas,
and, being strong enough, we wilt
pull . down altogether all their
We know very well that neither
in France, America, nor England
have they had capable working
class representatives in the parliaments. The reason is that In these
countries there have been very few
Individuals who could be aaid to
resemble the Russian Bolsheviks
or the German Sparticasts. If such
elements increase in number and
strength, everything may get
changed. At first it Is necessary
(1) the centre of gravity of the
struggle must^be outside of parliaments (strikes, revolts, insurrections, etc.); (2) the struggle inside
the (parliaments must be closely
connected with the struggle out-
Bidet (3) the representatives must
take, part in general organization
worki-(4) the representatives must
act:lby directions of the central
committee, and be responsible to it;
($), they must not conform to parliamentary customs and manners.
"The Russian Bolsheviks boycotted, the elections for the Duma in
1906; but they took part In the elections to the second Duma* coming
meanwhile to the conclusion that
the bourgeoisie and big landowners
would rule for many years. In the
early spring of 1918 half the Spartacist party took part ln the elections to the German Reichstag, another half opposed, but at the same
time the whole of the Spartaclsts
forms the nucleous of the Communist party. On principle we cannot
refuse to utilize the parliaments for
our profit. The Russian Bolsheviks
being ia power in spring, 1918,
made a special declaration that
they might be forced once more to
use parliamentarianism if extraordinary circumstances enabled the
bourgeoisie to regain power,
■ We have to atate again that the
moat vital part of the struggle must
be outside of parliament—on the
street. It is clear that the most effective weapons of the workers
against capitalism are the strike,
the revolt, armed insurrection.
Comrades have to keep In mind the
following: Organization of the party, ■ Instalment of party groupa In
the-trade unions, leadership of the
masses, revolutionary agitation
amongst the masses, etc., parliamentary activities and participation
In elections must be used only as a
secondary measure—no more.
Revolutionary practice has show
this to be the best and most rational programme. The prostitution of
parliament has already gone so far
that even right wing comrades are
coming back to their class consciousness, The vortex of the Social
revolution carries them to us. We
give our approval, therefore, to
every.Individual, group, or party,
to everyone who sympathizes with
the Soviet system and has the courage to fight for it. We ask them
to Join with us and with united
forces to wage war against our unscrupulous enemies.
Let the supporters of the Soviets
and Dictatorship of the Proletariat
employ forthwith all their energies
iff a ffreat powerful Communist
M^y.—With Communist greeting^,
the executive of tho Third Interna-
Chairman, C. ZINOVIEV.
i--- Get On tin Voten- 1.1st
Ydu may think that no change
can ' be brought about hy voting,
birt at least you should uae yout
ballot at the next election. The
lfats are now being compiled, and
it III up to you to get on the list
for your district
' To Abolish "Extrcmtota."
The Australian anti-Labor government evidently think* It haa
enough trouble of ita own with the
militarists at present In Australia,
who cannot be shifted out of the
country. Hence lta activity in
framing a bill with the object of
excluding from admission to Australia all anarchists, Bolsheviks
and "other undesirables." Presumably, anti-Labor Judge, will decide
who are Bolsheviks, anarchist,
and "other undesirables," ao we
may bo sure that'any militant from
overseas will have as much hopo of
getting into Australia a* a profiteer has of getting into Heaven,
when thc new measure becomea
law. And law It will bocome—the
right gang le in power just now ln
Australia to seo to tiiat, i
French Socialists See Vatican's Hand in Polish
The following la how Humanlte,
French Socialist organ, fees the
Polish ad\4Pkure:
Andre Pierre writee of the Pollih
orientation of Oen. Petliura and hia
directorate. Petliura sent a cer
tain Count Tyszklewlcz as his representative to Paris, although this
Count was more Polish than Uk.
ralnian tn hia sympathies, being a
large landowner and an ardent Catholic He it waa who worked for
a reconciliation between petliura
and Catholic Poland. "Laat year,
long before the treaty recently
signed between Petliura and Pil-
sudskl, the Ukranlan Directorate
declared that It disinterested Itself
ln Banters Galicia in favor of Poland. An agreement is even reported to have been concluded on December t, under the auspices of the
Vatican, between Poland and the
Ukraine, acknowledging the rlghta
of the Polish magnates to their Immense latofundla In Ukrainian territory. Finally Count Tyszklewlci
negotiated an agreement with Rumania on the basis pf the Ukraine's renunciation of her rlghU
(?) to Bessarabia. Buch waa the
sordid bargaining resorted to in order to obtain recognition,for thedl-
rectorate and to bring about a sort
of triple alliance between Poland,
the Ukraine and Rumania against
Soviet Russia." Thia alliance ia favored by the Qual d'Oraay and Uk-
rianion Independence Is supported
by "the Jesult-mllltary clique ot
France. Pllsudakl la playing the
game of the clerical* add the art.'
tocrats of hi* own country and of
the Ukraine.
The Avante, Milan, haa the following to aay:
The Entente plot against Bolshevik Russia, prepared during the
spring montha, has been disclosed
at laat Russia I* attacked east and
West by the Japanese and the Poles.
Poland ls, after all, only the puppet of France, and la incapable of
disobedience. "One word' would
have been enough, one sign from
Paris or* London, to make the arms
drop from the hands of Pilsudskl,
but London and Paris are silent,
or, If they speak, they aay through
the mouth of Bonar Law that 'the
British government Is not disposed
to propose that the Russo-POlish
question be placed before the'
League of Nations.' The Entente
wilt not even accept the offlce of
mediator. It wishes to look on, a
frightened spectator, at the slaughter ot those whom it has itself pro.
voked. Nevertheless that implacable and spectral jest the League
of Nations, ought to be called in,
because its Intervention might stop
at the outset the shedding ot blood.
Otherwise the conflagration begun
In Volhynla will blase without end,
and will destroy that execreahle
Communist government which ts
the Incubus and terror of bourge-
ola Europe—but tt sometimes hap.
pens that he who lights a fire per
ishea hitnself in the flames.
A Wonderful
Credit Offer
Here $10 snd $3 buys the immediate wear ol an/ garment
in our stocky—a deposit of $10—an easy.payment ©* $8
& week until the full cost is paid. Simple, convenient—a
chance too good to miss in these daya of high prices.
Look over oor nany Ilocs—chooae
any garment yoa wish and arrange
your account.
Near Homer
Shipyard  Workers Will
Have to Look for Another Trade
The Victoria shipyard lias finish
cd one hull and the other hull will
bo finished ln a short time, say
three months. Outside the small
contracts mentioned recently, it
appears a climax has been reached
and the end fs in sight as far as
Victoria Is concerned. We can
goodbye, steel' ships. That means
a lot of men, chiefly returned men,
will have to hike to the woods before the summer closes. No Victorian has any quarrel with tho
local yard; the workers are helpless. Ottawa is the arbiter, and
the more outside men employed In
Victoria gives the Victorian a
chance to work elsewhere. So tho
shipbuilder will have to learn another trade, and will be In another
world as it were. He will meet
with men and will have to play the
part. From the reports one would
believe trades unions have grown
wonderfully since the close of the
war, but in Canada it Is not so; the
reverse Is true. There has been a
great decline In craft trades unions,
and it is growing worse. The Industrial Trade's Union has grown.
and before very long (maybe less
than twelvo months) will be the
only trades union in Canada. 'Tako
a case ln point: One union in Victoria less than twelve months ago,
had 2200 members. Today is IS
bust Big entrants fees, big dues,
big salaries to officers, the rest of
the money goes to Uncle Sam; and
that is the end of it No sick pay,
no strike funds, and the Canadian
workman will have no more of it.
The bosses have One Big Union
In all industries, so when you
change your Industry you will see
the need of an up-to-date workers'
Where there is no "red tape/'
where there is local autonomy, low
dues, etc., this Is the O. B. U.j
Members hav*) their pay, and no
labor leader bosses them. Ninety
cents on the dollar stops fn your
local town. They have rule. The
other fellows had a mixture of
Kaiserism, Sinn Fenlsm. or chaos,
which ever you will. Our ruU ta
No Work, No Pay. Just like your
boss. If you are sick, out of work,
strlk* or lock out, your dues are
aU right.—The Week, (Victoria.)
New Tork—New York Clothtng
Cutters Union, Bir Four ot the
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of
America, has reoelved a charter
from the Banking department of
the State of New Tork, for the
operation of the flrst credit union
In the clothing industry of America.
The credit union, or people's bank,
ls expected to be tha beginning of
co-operative banking on an extensive scale by the Amalgamated and
other progressive organisations Inj
the Labor movement. I
Oltixcns of Calcutta Han a Three-
Year Law Against Raising
of Rents
Calcutta, India.—By united aetion and persistent agitation the
citizens of Calcutta have forced the
British Oovernment to pass a law
against raising house rents. The
principal clauses of the law are:
(1) Thli law shall be effective
for the next three years,
(S) No one shall be able to
charge any higher rent than what
was paid on April 1, lMfc
(3) Any one charging higher
rent shall be forced to refund the
(4) Any one violating this law
shall he fined $350 for the first
offense, and $100 Ofor the second
and subsequent offenses.
Eastern ffices
sraoiAL nn wns
Buartrwt Steal FIlUu IM, t
Jointe, eork pi,, ololk Ue, 1%
teat; po.lp.ld |I.M
Singl. Multipljio, Kul alwl pi-
tou, b.ikilldlni click 11.41
Doublo  flljrl., pilled M.M
100 Yards Pit. Silt LIm -MAO
We save you thc
jailers Profit
That no nli en ee high thtt
•killed nw ai* attracted to tho service, that all capital debt ha. boon
wiped out aat that tha average (ara
la 1M eente. a, the report Manage*
Dalrymple ot the Glasgow etreet
railway system.
For Sale i
Shoe Repairing Shop, going concern, central and low rent Apply
fer particular, by letter to X, can
of Federatlonist Offlce.
Bang* i, Ooaat
TAKE NOTICE that Rice Own
Clark - it Port Progreai,
rancher, intend, to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands, commencing at a post planted about 40
chains S.W. af the SE. corner of lot
482, thence abott 10 chains north
tir lot 422, theso. west 10 ch%lne
thence aboat 1* chains N. to shoreline, thence southerly and easterly
along shoreline to'point of cornea-
cement, and containing 800 aorta
more or leaa
Dated June 4th, 1*20.
ett Perot* Ht, MMm/w«,««
eiiAoc atw nc Caimm >_■ z
Range 1, Cout
TAKE notice that Agnea LIuls
Clark of Port Progress, storekeeper, Intenda to apply tor permission to purchase the following
described lands, commencing at a
post planted at N, W. point ot said
Bonwtck Island, about 80 chelae
8. B. of a E. corner of lot 100T,
thence around shoreline to point of
commencement, and containing alx
acres, more or less.
Dated June 1st, 1920
TAKE notice that I, Edwin
Clarke Appleby, of Vaneouvar,
Jeweller, Intend to apply for-permission to purckue the following
.described lands, commencing at a
post planted about 40 chains west
of the s. W. corner ot lot 422 thence
north about 20 chains to south
boundary ot lot 422 thence eaat
about 40 chains to west boundary
of lot 420 thence south about Ot
chains to shore line, thence N.- W.
along shore line to point of commencement and containing M0
acres, more or leaa.   -
Dated June Oth, 1080.
The HJ] Loggers' Boot
Hsll otltt. pusneny stt.nl.1 te
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and Are Thoroughly Wnter tight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS A SON
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Phone Seymour 550 Repairs Done While Vou Wait
Abrams the Tailor
614 Hastings W.
Phone Seymour 6424
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouijueti, Pot Plant!
Ornamental and Shade Treee, Seeds, Bulbe, Florista' Sundriee
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastlngi Street But 728 OranvUle I
Seymonr 988-871 Seymou Ml}
When you com. to thla Mere to buy shoee
you not only get the Beat Shoes but you
get alao the Best Service.
A constantly growing trade ia proof that
olir service la simply good business.
Visit our store aad talk over year
shoe troubles with aa
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Unton-Mad. fOotweai PAGE EIGHT
twelwh year. no. 24    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. «
FRlDAY.,v.,,,....>.._...,.;.JUli» 11, ltll
BOYS' DEPT.—2nd floor
Boys' Suits
$17.50 *
—it pays not only, in inspiration and Influence
for later years, but, tn dollars and cents right
now. Take these Suits we are selling at $17.50.
Their real value is not only in being stylish
' and becoming. It's the way they wear that
counts. It's the wearing quality that makes
them really economical. Beautiful all-wool
fabrics carefully tailored down to the smallest
details. Reinforced at elbow, crotch, seat and
knee—just where the strain comes. Smartly
fftyled—form-fitting coats with slash pockets
and belt; double and single-breasted styles.
Shown In serviceable dark shades. Sises 24 to 3C.
Tlie Home of
The Store Ttat, Sella Cnlon Clothe. *"•    HASTINGS    WEST
Canada's Largest Exclusive Store for Men and Boys
Trade Markets
and the "Profits"
(Continued from page 1)
dustrlal Relatione" report, 3. R.
fihaw explained to the Vancouver
convention, that Mr. Parsons waa
officially    appointed    delegate    to
• Washington by the Canadian government, "but he was OUR nominee and represented US," he added,
with heavy emphasis on the "our"
and the "us."
One of the speakers at the Van-
co.uven convention was A. E. Bryan,
Canadian Trade Commissioner at
Yokohama. "I was pleased,' he
aaid, "when I received orders from
Ottawa to come here and speak on
the possibilities of sending your
goods to Japan."   (Hear, hear.)
Of course, his address was a general survey ot the Japanese situation from the manufacturers' and
traders' point of view, and so of no
particular Interest to the workers,
except ln a tew ot Its details. As
usual, he took the Scriptural view
I i that "It is more blescsed to give
than to receive," except that "export" takes the placo of "give," and
"Import" corresponds to "receive,"
in matters of trade.. Thus he pointed out that In 1910, for the flrst
time In four years, Japan had an
"unfavorable' balance of trade, her
exports only reaching the amount
ef 2,008,000,000 yen (SOc), while
her import, totalled up to 2,174,-
000,000. During the war she had
exported more than she imported,
thus maintaining a "favorable" bal.
ance of trade. "That Is one of the
causes of Japan's great prosperity
today," he said.
- All's Fair ln Vote and War
However, thla later unfortunate
turn of the tide for Japan was evidently no reason why Canadian
manufacturers should not lay their
plans to capture the Japanese market for their goods. "All's fair In
love and war,' and, of course, they
are in love with Japan at present,
• whatever may be the situation later
on. Japan, lt wns explained, was
■less than one-twentieth the size of
Street        \. ^^ £ Street
East CAT ■• Enst
Canada, and yet had about 58,000,
000 people—about eight times as
many as Canada. The addition of
Korea, etc., made the population
about 20,000,000 more—evidently
too good a market to be sneezed at.
"Japan never was in a stronger
position financially than she is to>
day," the speaker asserted. During
the war, her bank deposits had increased live-fold, and her clearing'
house returns showed a similar increase. She had loaned $735,000,-
000 to the Allies, and her own national debt had only Increased 8.2
per cent "Japan has been paying
cash for the last four years for
goods which she has purchased;
yet we have Canadian manufacturers going rather out of their way
to sell goods to European countries on long credits." How utterly foolish, to be sure!
Eager to Buy
"She Is eager to buy from you,"
the speaker continued. "We cannot expect Japan will send her
travellers here to Canada to see
what you have to sell, when she
has travellers on the spot from all
over the world." The United States
had about 35 per cent, of the Jap
market, while Canada's .amount
was a mere bagatelle, "We are
not getting our share of Japan's
business," Mr. Bryan insisted.
However, business is business,
and the speaker was pleased to
see some of the trades in this country were going after it. For Instance, quite a few pairs of black
foxes had been sent from Prince
Edward Island to Japan; and It
appeared that, In the sequel, Japan
was going to become quite a competitor In the fox-raising industry.
This phase of the matter was, of
course, rather suggestive, but the
the speaker did not pursue the subject.
Supplied Dynamite
Again, the commissioner said,
"Canada built up quite a reputation for itself, In supplying dynamite to Japan during the war"—
for peaceable purposes, presumably; the war had stopped the supply from Hamburg and Glasgow,
and the United States article did
not measure up to the standard
required to pass the Jap government's Inspection. "There's a case
whero Canada came across with
the goods when other countries
After considerable more talk
along similar lines, the speaker re-
tlie Easy
A Small
and tlie
on Easy
With each purchase of Ln dies'
Tweed Suits (these are Iden I for
summer wear)
amounting to	
we wilt give absolutely free a blue
serge or cord skirt.
Tn   order   to   clrar   this   line   of   dainty
prln'    (ImscB   Vis      f§   if   ffc   •
etei th.m u Halt-rnce
Thete skirls of flne quality serge .re. really
very food value at tlie ret;- »   Apt  {___
ular iiricc. nt $11.   Tery tpe-     Jhal.Ha
elal now al       «|»w.w
143 HASTINGS ST. W. SEY. 1301
Opposite Province Offlce
marked that now, In Japan, competition is very keen, "and manufacturers have got to be satisfied
with a small profit and a big turnover." Another remark was that
"the Japanese, although he can't
read, can remember trade marks,
to which the speaker added:
"There are probably as many
brands of genuine Scotch whiskey
made in Japan as in Canada."
Wages Risen ln Japan
Touching on the Labor situation,
the trade commissioner mentioned
that, during the last few years,
wages in Japan had risen to thc
extent of 85 per cent.; during the
same period, commodities had Increased in price to the amount of
237 per' cent. He therefore saga-
ciousjy concluded that "wages will
continue to rise," since lt is the
"tendency for wages always to follow a rise in the cost of living."
In concluding, Mr. Bryan said
that trade unions were beginning tb
make themselves felt in Japan, "although the trade union, as we know
it, is not legal," He also stated
that "cheap labor ln Japan Is a
thing of the past."
Slap nt Group Government
In the report of the "Legislation
committee," presented to the convention at its Tuesday morning session, was a clause complaining that
"the number of persons either ln
the Dominion parliament or ln the
Provincial legislatures who can In
any sense be taken to represent the
manufacturing industry is wholly
disproportionate to the Importance
of the industries. Your committee
has been particularly impressed
wtlh this fact during the last year,
when more than once legislation of
a most radical and pronounced type
has been Introduced ln the various
houses. It is not Ho be expected
that others will safeguard the interests of manufacturers, Bhould
the latter fall to look after their
own interests."
This was apparently a slap at the
so-called "group government" of
the farmers, and In some sense a
call for retaliatory measures. S. R.
Parsons, already mentioned, was
evidently too shrewd to embark
openly on the dangerous game suggested, and, following his counsel,
the convention deleted the clause
in toto before adopting the report,
Mr. Parsons was similarly in evidence at the afternoon session when
the matter of "tariff," was under
discussion. The farmers, he said,
were being misled; their leaders
were giving them to understand
what was not the case. "The vast
majority of manufacturers are only
making n very reasonable und moderate profit. Except for the help of
lhe tariff which now prevails, many
of them would have to go out of
business. We've as much the Interests of all elapses of the people
at heart an we hnve our own Interests."
At the close of the sume session,
the Item on thc agenda was "Report of General Manager (Private.") Whether this contained
any matter of interest to th^ workers cun only be conjectured, ns the
press reporters and all other non-
members were requested to get out
before the report was submitted.
Of course, these two or three
hundred captains of Industry and
their ladies did not believe In making this week a week of toll pn_e
and simple. Each day, after their
morning business session, there was
a state lurtcheon in the hotel ballroom, the visitors being entertained
by tho Vancouver Board of Trade,
the Rotary Club, and the Klwanis
Club, in town. Meanwhile, the ladies were entertained at the Lodge
Cafe by the Women's Canadian
Club, taken out to afternoon tea at
the Canyon View hotel, or treated
to a cruise to Wigwam Inn, with
tea at the home of Mrs. J. J, Ban-
field on the North Arm of the Inlet, while tlieir men motored over
to New Westminster and were entertained there by the Board of
There was also a merry trip up
Howe Sound on the Princess Pnt,
on Tuesdny evening, with supper on
board, and a big dinner at the
Hotel Vancouver on Wednesday
evening at fli a head. Thursday
nnd Friday wore given over to a
pleasure Jaunt to Victoria and Its
pleasant environs, with, of course,
the usual entertainments by the
Board of Trade, Rotary Club, etc.
Saturday means the departure for
Banff on the homeward way.
On the whole, It would appear
that life Is still worth living for the
owning and employing class, whatever It mav be for the alavea who
Socialist Labor Party Is
Formed and Ten Leaders Are Arrested
(By the Federated Press)
• Helsingfors, Finland.—The Socialist Labor Party of Finland was
formed by the left Socialists in
their special congress which convened tn Helsingfors on May 13.
The majority of the Knombers of
the Social Democratic Party hnve
seceded from the party on account
of Its conservative policy.
The congress decided to join the
Third (Moscow) International. On
account of this, the congress was
dispersed by Police ! Commissar
Honkanen, who said that because
the delegates accepted the principles of the Third International they
also adopted Bolshevist tactics. De-
tcctives-arrosted ten of the leading
left'Socialists, among them Pek-
kaia, Vuolijok, Raatlkaihen, Valnlo,
Jalava and Lchtlnen.
All documents were seized.
The ministor of Internal affairs
has since explained that ke did not
give orders to disperse the congress and that he has required Police' Commissar Honkanen to give
an explanation.
Ble Business Is Very Much Upset
Over Actions of the
Consternation has been^.caused
amongst the capitalists over the
fact that a Labor municipal government at Sydney allowed tlie
unionists the right of the town hall
for a stop-work meeting, and also
permitted the city hall organ to be
used for playing the Red Flag.
With a Labor municipal government In power at Sydney, and a
Labor government In power in the
State of New South Wales, tht future looks bright for the workers
in that countsy. Already the moan
of the capitalist and predictions of
chaos and bankrnptcy a'nd moral
degeneration are heard In the land,
Lacor has made it known that, having secured a government, It intends to introdlce some decent legislation.
The'44-hour movement is spread.
Ini* to the* other Australian States.
In most of them thq building trades
are forcing the Issue, and In Victoria the printer sare out on strike
over the matter.
Los Angeles—Four International
Bible Students have just lost their
appeal against a three-year sentence for having copies of "The
Finished Mystery" In their jposses-
slon during the war, and while that
book was banned in the United
States. These men have just left
for McNeil's Island for a three-
year term after losing the last appeal. Hundreds of Bible Students
were on hand bearing flowers and
singing songs while the prisoners
were being placed aboard ship
Havo You Registered?
The voters' lists are now being
compiled, if you have not registered you should do so, the list is a
new one and the old list will not
be recognized. You should register
at once.
keep their noses to the grindstone,
year ln year out, and make these
merry Junketings possible. If there
is any one of those slaves who expects these people ever to stop
down and out from their position
of power and privilege of their own
volition, he should take a day off,
regardless of his pay check; He In
bed till he Is rested, regardless of
the whistle, then rise at leisure,
take a bath, put on clean underwear, and clothe himself decently
—never mind whether he has to
beg, borrow or steal the 'clothes;
cat a good breakfast of ham and
eggs or whatever he fancies, and
then spend a few hours-hob-nobbing with his masters in -convention. If that doesn't wise him up,
nothing will.
List Now Being Compiled
Will Be Used at Next
The registration of voters for the
next Provincial and presumably
also the next Dominion, election—
and incidentally, for the Provln.
clal "prohibition" referendum and
other such matters—has been proceeding somewhat slowly during
last week and this. Thc total number of possible electors in Vancou
ver and districts estimated at
about 60,000; and, up to, date, the
actual registration numbers about
9000—an average of something
over 1000 per .day. At this rate,
only about one-half of the electors
will be on the list when the registration period closes ln the middle
of July.
So far, local registration has been
confined to Vancouver City, no arrangements having yet, been made
for. the suburban districts. Best-
dents in the suburbs may, however,
register in the city lt it suits their
convenience, or in fact, at any
place in the Province where of.
flees or booths have been provided
tor the purpose. Registrants must
Indicate In what polling division,
and in what electoral district, they
wish to vote, which will naturally
be that In which they reside: lf,
later, they wish to record their
votes elsewhere, they can have
their names transferred on giving
duo notice.
The act of registration ts very
simple, and consists practically in
affixing ones ordinary signature to
a printed blue form on which the
clerk in attendance has filled in
the blanks at the registrant's dlr.ee.
tion; it is also necessary to "raise
the right hand," and swear to the
particulars so tilled In, or the registrant may "solemnly affirm," if he
or she so prefers, instead.
The registrant must state his or
her present address and occupation, and that he or she Is ot tbe
male of female sex, is of the full
age of BI years, and Is a British
subject by birth or naturalization;
also that he or she has resided for
the previous six months in British
Columbia, and for the last month
of that period In the eelctoral dis-
trlct specified, and ls in ao respect
dlsqualilied from being registered
as a voter therein.
In case of naturalization, certlli-
cates thereof should be attached,
nr else the facts (marriage, etc.),
"by virtue of which the deponent
Is deemed to be a British subject''
should be stated.
As there is no way of qualifying
as a voter at future elections—possibly for several years—except by
registering ln person, It may be
well to give here the locations of
the registration booths already
opened, again mentioning that a
British subject can register at any
one of them, irrespective of his
place of residence, provided, of
course, that he only registers onco.
The booths are open daily from 9
a.m. to 9 p.m., except Sundays;
the one in the court house, however, does not strictly conform to
this rule.
The other thirteen are at:
City Hall  (grounds outside.)
543 Pender street.
724 Hastings street.'
1087 Granville street.
650 Kingsway.
947 Broadway.
2530 Main street.
2114 Granville,
561 Victoria Drive.
2600 Hastings street east.
Fourth avenuo and Commercial
Drive( corner.)
2124 Fourth avenue west.
Slocan and Twenty-second ave
nue (corner.)
There are two attendants, at
least, for each booth, so that one
or the other should be In attendance at any minute of the day between 9 in the morning and 9 at
Workers may do a good stroke
of business, not only by registering
without delay, but also'bj seeing
that other workers do likewise. It
is still not generally understood
that the franchise can only be ex.
erclsed in future by those who now
register; even professional men,
such as doctors and even lawyers,
do not yet seem to realize this.
Values at-
In  Tweeds,  Worsteds
and Blue Serges
Without doubt the best
buy in the city.
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
New Industrial Railroad
Union Making Big
(By the Federated Press)
Chicago.—Following the refusal
of the United States wage board
last week to hear John Grunau,
president of the Chicago Yardmen's association, on behalf of the
railroad men on vacation since
April 1, the association voted to
change Its constitution to admit
Into Its. membership all men and
women regardless of color, who
are in any way engaged In railroad service.
Mr. Grunau reports that since
the change was, .made, men from
the various brotherhoods, Including
the Maintenance of Wuy men, are
coming into the new organization
In great numbers, all over the
The plan of organization as
adopted by the British rail workers
some years ago ls being'worked out
to govern rati workers in this country.
It Is claimed that there are some
2,000,000 persons employed ln the
railroad service, about one-half of
whom are organized. The new association Is believed to have 275,-
000 members to date, according to
the contention of T. J. Mlsenhelder,
representative of the Kansas City
Yardmen's Association.
Organization Ib Improving dally
and the dally reports from various
centres all over the country show
that the idea of industrial unionism
is finding favor among the rail
men, ■
6. B. u. NOTES'
Fifty new members were signed
up b]r Organizer Knight in the
Kirkland Lake, Ont., district lost.
week. A district board has been
formed in the Cobalt district. Tim-
mine is now being lined up, and is
the (nly point in the Northern On
tario mining district where un International organization exists, but
the membership here Is dwindling.
Sixty-five new members were
signed up by Organizer McKenzie
at meetings held in Pembroke, Ont.,
during the last week in April. The
nice little club organized by the
Textile companies of Carlton Place
has now been disorganized, and
seven new members joined the
O. B. U.
Organizer Christopher reports an
Increase of 22 members for the
Transportation Unit at Moose Jaw,
last week of April. The activities
of Somerville of the A. F. of L.
prevented Christophers from addressing a meeting of thc Machinist Helpers. But this has only added to the O. B. U. propaganda.
Forty-five minutes was spent In discussing the O. B. U. at an Electrical Workers meeting in Regina. A
Building Trades Unlt'has now been
organized in the city. The miners
of District No. 1 aro preparing the
ground for the complete elimination of the International influence
with the operators.
Twelve more shop cards have
been sent to Fernie to supply the
increased needs of the Barbers and
Bartenders of that city.
'The Transportation Unit of Ed
monton now has 230 members, and
new ones joining from time to time.
Twenty-eight men of the Run?
nlng Trades of Lucerne, B. C, have
recently taken out O. B. U. cards.
The Dolly Varden mine at Alice
Arm, ls now on O. B. U. closed
shop. The men have bcen given
an increase.
The Transportation Unit of Los
Angeles, has recently had an influx
from tho machine, boiler and cnr
shops and even car inspectors.
A General Workers Unit Is being
organized in Billings, Mont.
Sandon strike Is still on, but thc
bosses are getting restless because
the International Is not able to
supply the goods to break the
Tlicy Also "Served"
The following Is a list of mem
bers and ex-members of the Sail
ors' union, also non-union men who
worked during the recent strike of
Moy 1 to May  28,  inclusive:
J. Maglll, C. B. Wright, J. Both
well, J. Savuge, F. Woolston, J.
King, 1. Hnll, D. McLeod, W.
Babb, W. Baker, O. Andrews, ,1.
Coggles, H. Glasgow, J. Ralney, R.
Powell, r. Smith, J. T. Wrltt, G.
Yoxen, G. Hughes, T. Martin, AV.
Hardy, T. Heslehurst, L. Clayards,
F. Tnlbot, J. Murphy, C. C. Lawrence, F. Weir, .1. Hunter, W. Hls-
lop, —i Smith, W. Lang, J. Johnson, R. Johnson, A. Irvine, W. A.
Grant, C. Clever, A. Porter, J.
Kennedy, R. Hicks, G. Porter, J.
Allen, R. S. Doney, J. H. Auchter-
lonic, R. J. McCloskey, G. Elliot,
A. Brackett, p' Doney, A. McLean,
A Yale, H. Earl, C. Gibson, —.
Mackle, R. Coles, W. Smith, A.
Manson, J. Nesbltt, J. Hunter, W.
Benson, D. Lynn, J. B. Murdock,
S Anderson, G. Waugh, D. Whittaker, H. Ledwoll, P. Walterson,
H. Peters, H. Whelan, J. Ormlston,
E. Dunbar, B. Dunbar.
All the members of the Sailors'
union who worked during the
strike have been expelled from the
Atlanta, Ga.—The strangest notification ceremony in the annals of
American politics took place here,
when a committee of tho Socialist
Party went to the Federal penitentiary and notified onc of the Inmates that he was the choice of a
large political party for the biggest
political offlce In tjie States.
Subscribers, Picas* Note!
Many subscribers in renewing
their subscriptions are sending in
lho old price. The new rates arc
as follows: In Canada, $2.50 per
yean *1.B0 per half year. United
States, $3.00 per year. If siibsorll).
ers will sec that they send in tlie
proper amount it will aid us and
also avoid confusion,'
Men's Work
Made in a tan oil grain
or black urus calf.
Guaranteed all solid
leather. A comfortable
fitting shoe. Not too
heavy, but an exceptionally good wearing shoe. Specially d»/» CA
priced at ,L.^.'„-~~-~-~-Vy»«W
Cornett Bros. & Clarke, Ltd.
Local Carpenters* Question to Mr.
Moore Is Not Replied
to At All
When the circular from the
Trades Congress, re the Winnipeg
situation, was before the local
branch of the Amalgamated Carpenters, It was decided to write and
aak how much the Congress had
given to the defense of the men arrested In Winnipeg, and how much
that organization intended to give.
Tom Moore replied by asking lf A.
S. Wells was a member of the
branch, so that he could decide
whether the information was asked
for in the Interests of the International trade union movement, or
for other propaganda purposes.
This Is only another' Instance of
Moore's hypocrisy. As a mutter of
fact, even if A. S. Wells wus a
member of the organization fn
question, the members are not of
the type that can bc ruled by any
one Individual, and even Moore cnn
not get them to do anything thut
does not ftt with their Ideas as to
what is correct in connection with
the working class movement. The
branch has contributed freely to the
local defense fund, and without
the aid of Moore.
Don't forget the O. It. V. dance
and whist drive In the Cotillion
hall tonight (Friday). Gcnt8 AO
cants, ladles 35 cents, .splendid
prizes for tlie whist drive.
Military Supplies Are to Be Haul
Over to the Soviet
A peace treaty has been cc
eluded between Soviet Russia a
the Democratic Republic of del
sia. Soviet Russia recognizes
independence of Georgia, and I
dertakes not to Interfere in her i
ternul acalrs,
Georgia Is to disarm all mlltU
forces, groups and persons hoei
to the Soviet government,
claiming to represent a. legit inn
Russian state, and to intern thi
ln concentration camps pendi
their)Wing handed over to Bov
RuMlk. The Soviet government I
dertakes to spare their lives, but'
their military supplies, valuable
and funds are to be* handed over
the Soviet government withe
IJIhunla Next
Moscow reports by wireless th
peace negotiations have been coi
meticed at Moscow with the repi
sentatlves of' Li thun la.—Wlreh
Will Albin Sutherland comtnui
cate with J. R. Campbell, secrela
of the O. B. U.,-General Worka
Unit, at 804 Pender ..treet west.
The Needle Workers Union hi
sent to Gene Debs a full outfit
silk clothing.
Defense Committee Meeting
B.C. Defense Committee
Tonight, Friday, at 8 p.m.
All Members Are Requested to Attend
We Supply Direot From Producer to Consumer and Save
Middle Profits
25-27 Hastings West
All Cars Stop at the Door Opposite Pantages i
Pick your
own suit
C. D. Bruce gives a man a run for
his money.
If it's a suit you'll find the price Is
fair, no claims the clothes cannot
live up to, and you pick out what
you want.
The men working with Bruce will
show you every suit in tly. house
but they'll not try to decide for
C. ft Bruce
A Store for Men


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items