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The British Columbia Federationist Jul 30, 1920

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rWELFTH YEAR.   No. ,31
$2.50 PER .YEAR
Government Acts After Danger to Deportees is Pointed Out by Labor Organization* and Protests Made
—Martens Also Wires Protests—Deportations
Stopped Pending Assurances of Safety
AFTER considerable telegraphic
communication between the
Defense Committee and other
labor organizations and the Minister of Immigration and the Premier, the deportation of fourteen
Bussians by way of Vladivostok on
the C. P. R. steamer Empress of
Russia has been delayed, the following wire being received by the
iecretary of the Defense Committee
on Wednesday night:
Ottawa, Ontario.
July 28th, 1920.
A. S. Wells,
Secretary,  B.   C.  Defense Com.
mittee, Vancouver, B. C.
Further reply your wire authorised to state department has been
negotiating to secure guarantee of
lafe conduct of deportees to Eastern Russian Territory aB matter
aot yet arranged to our satisfaction deportation has been delayed
intil we are assured safe conduct
(Sgd.) • W. D. SCOTT.
On Monday, realizing the danger
to ihe Russians who Were ordered
leported by the Immigration authorities some months ago, because
Ihey were supposed to have revolutionary tendencies, the local defense
wmmittee, acing -in conjunction
irlth the organizations represented
in that committee, sent the following wire to the Minister of Immigration:
Bon. J. A. Calder,
Minister of Immigration, Ottawa.
Russians who are to be deported
trom thla point oh the 29th on the
C. P. R. steamer Empress of Russia and returned to Russia by way
■' of Vladvlstock are alarmed and
wish to be deported to the Eastern
part of Russia where they will be
clear from the Japanese forces and
the Whtteguard.
Some time ago you promised that
these men should be sent back to
that part of Russia which they
leslred to be returned to, this promise Is evidently not being lived up
to. The B. C. Defense Committee
protests against sending of these
men to a part of Russia where they
Will most likely be destroyed, and
(specially in view of the fact that
Ihey were convicted on the evidence
»f a self-confessed wife-murderer,
samely, the late Sergeant Wilson
If the Royal North West Mounted
Police and other stool pigeons. We
lo not believe that these men were
guilty of the crime for which they
Were convicted and ordered deported and as In some cases they are
not even  Socialists, yet the  fact
Secretary of O.B. U.Will
Represent Men—Board
to Meet Monday*
After the treatment the O. B.
TJ. miners of Alberta and B. C.
have received at the hands of
the Minister of Labor, and the
discriminatory tactics employed
•gainst the O. B. U. in the mining
areas mentioned, it came as somewhat of a surprise In local labor
circles to hear that V. R, Midgley.
general secretary of the O. |J. U.,
bad been acepted by the department of labor as one member of
1 a board of conciliation appointed
under the Industrial Disputes Investigation Act, to investigate into
the dispute between the local Gas-
workers and Vancouver and Victoria Gas companies. Naturally, the
question was asked, if the O. B. U,
can be recognized In the one case
by the government, why not In
another. The illegality of the O,
B. U. would appear to be still ln
doubt, If the general secretary of
that organization can be appointed
in the case of air'Industrial dispute.
It will be remembered that a
short time ago the local Gaswork-
rs had a strike of about two hours
duration, the company, however,
conceded some of the demands of
the men, and It was theh agreed
to submit the other questions that
were not settled at that time to a
hoard of conciliation. The representative of the men Is V. R. Midgley, the Company will be represented by Mr. A, G. McCandless,
and Mr Chas. E. Tlsdall has been
agreed upon as chairman. The
flrst meeting of the board has been
sranged to take place on Monday
next at 2 p.m. in Judge Grant's
room at 'the court house.
that they have been deported from
thui country will btand them as
revolutionists In the, eyes of the
counter-revblutionary forces In
Russia and recognizing the brutality of the Japanese forces and the
White Guard ln Siberia, common
humanity demands that they be re.
turned to that part ot Russia as
will ensure their safety anjl prevent their being murdered in cold
Unless some steps are taken or
assurances are given as to the safety
of these men it will be necessary
for other action to be taken, even
If it is to secure.the aid of the
waterfront workers and sailors to
refuse to work the ship which these
deportees are to be returned on.
An immediate reply asking for a
fulfilment of your promise before
mentioned  Is  requested.
Secretary, B. C. Defense Committee.
A copy of.Jhis wire was also, sent
to the Premier, with a request that
he give the matter his attention.
On Tuesday a reply was received
from the Minister of Immigration,
stating that the matter would be
looked into Immediately. The Premier also replied, by stating, "That
he had asked for a report from the
Minister of immigration and that
further word could be expected.
On Wednesday the Lumber and
Camp Workers of the O, B. U.
wired to the Government,' and to
Ludwig C. ^Martens, Soviet Russia's
representative in New York. Martens wired to the Canadian government as follows:
"Information has reached me
that your government is deporting
fourteen Russians .to Vladivostok
via Japan, by ship Empress of
Russia instead of sending them directly to European Russia. This
will expose them to needless suffering and danger. I protest against
such method of deportation as being against the taw of nations. This
procedure Is most inopportune at
this time when your and my governments are about to establish
friendly relations. Kindly take Immediate action td prevent this."
The General Workers' Unit of
the O, B. U. also sent a wire to
the Premier.
Defense Committee to Meet
The Defense Committee was bom.
barded wtth questions from all
quarters on Wednesday, as to
whether any satisfactory answer
had been received from the gov*
ernment, and no question that has
been discussed in the ranks of the
workers has -caused so much real
concern for a long time, as did
the safety of the men who have
for the time being been granted a
reprieve, and a promise of a safe
deportation to Soviet Russia. Thc
Defense Committee arranged
with Mr. Jolllffe, head of the Im<
migration department here, for a
representative of the committee to
see the men, who lt was reported
had started a hunger strike, as
they were convinced that should
they be taken to Vladivostok, that
they would be shot or some other
harm befall them. They" urged
that everything possible be done
to prevent them being Bent through
Siberia, and are naturally very
pleased at the results of the efforts
'made on their behalf. The pe-
fense Committee ls holding a meet.
Ing on Monday evening to discuss
the advisability of taking further
action In the matter, and should
necessity arise to make ssch preparation so that the committee will
be In a position to take such
steps as will see the men
safely overseas, If the government
still persists In deporting these men
who were convicted on evidence
which is considered neither rell-
able, or In nny way a credit to the
The names of the men awaiting
deportation arc as follows:
Frank Chebotas, Aleck Klomak,
Charles Morley, John Kelt, Sava
Codovba, Paul Semen off, Theodore
Golovln, Fred Rlzanoff, George
Trusoc, Dimitry Stnrekoff, Eliazar
Butaeff, George Chekoff, Boris Zukoff,   William   Zveroff.
One of these men has property
at Langley, others had businesses
in the city, while others were members of International craft unions
In the city and province. Whether
any further action will be taken
ln the case will not be determined
until the Defense Committee meets
on Monday night.
Liberals Returned to Power With
-Reduced Majority—Farmers
Work With Labor
Six out of the eleven labor can-
ltdates nominated, In the J^ova
Bcotla elections have been elected
to offlce, and labor will be repre
jented for the first time. Beven
of the fourteen farmers nominated
were also elected, but the Liberals
gained enough seats to give them
a majority of IB in a house of 43.
The Conservatives managed to-
elect 1 member and the Liberals
29. The labor and farmer candidates worked together In opposl
tlon to the two old parties. The
following members of the Inde
pendent Labor Party were elected:
Cape Breton—A. W. Richardson, Joseph Steel, F. Wny, D. W.
Cmberland—A. Terls.
Plctou—H. D. Fraser,
Cubscribcrs, Please Note!
Many subscribers In renewing
their subscriptions are sending ln
the old price. Tho new rates aro
as follows: In Canada, 12.50 per
year; $1.50 per half year. Unltod
States, $3.00 per year. IT subscribers will see tlmt they send ln the
proper amount It will aid ns and
also avoid confusion.
Many Important Matters
of Interest Are Dis*
posed of.
Work of Organization is
Bearing Fruit in Eastern Canada.
The final sessions of the general
convention *were devoted mainly
to the revision of the constitution,
the most important changes consisting of the decision to extend the
scope of the activities to include
agricultural workers. This is a
logical step In view of the inter,
relationship which exists between
the workers of lumber . Industry,
construction camp and agriculture, due to a great extent to the
seasonal and transient nature of
the work, Of course, should developments reach such an extent
that better results can be secured
by separating these activities this
will undoubtedly be done, as the
lumber workers have all along
given every evidence of their
wholeheartedness in promotng the
interests of the movement.
It was interesting to note the
developments which took place on
the question of- geographical
versus industrial form of organization. The coast convention by
a vote of 40 to 20 went ln favor
of the geop'raphlcal form, but lt
was well understood that influences other'than principle affected the majority vote. This was
evidenced when in the general
convention after a full day's discussion of the merits of the two
forms of organization the vote
was 46 to 19 in favor of the industrial form. This, despite the
fact that the coast district had 45
delegates present, and that three
of the minority votes were cast by
delgates of an eastern district who,
In voting the way they did, went'
directly contrary to the Instructions of their district.
Chnnge In Convention Date
Subject to endorsatlon by a referendum of the memberB the central executive will, in future, consist of nine members, so elected,
that the smaller districts will be
assured  of  representation,
The next convention is to' be in
January, and therafter yearly. It
Is obvious that half-yearly conventions make too great a financial
strain on the organization, and although exceedingly good work was
accomplished at the meetings just
held, the organization should be
getting of sufficient stability and>
experience to be able to legislate
a year ahead, espcially as each
dlstriot has its convntlons every
six months.
The, cost of the general con
ventlon cost considerably over
$10,000. Over $25,000 has been
contributed by the members to the
defence fund, and in dealing with
the $25,000 which Is owing to
headquarters by the districts It
was decided to authorize, the
executive to make a settlement
with each district on the basis of
its ability to pay and of "playing
the game" with the general or-
(Continued on page 8)
Allied Countries Forced
to Acknowledge Russian Power
Russia's refusal to deal with the
Poles througli the allies is one of
thc big events of the week In Europe—big because in doing so the
Russians make a bid for leadership of small nations against
France, and England. England,
after threatening to sever trade
relations which have not been
really resumed and to aid Poland
with military forces, advised Poland to seek an armistice nnd
penco directly. The Moscow government, with Its method in international relations, has given out
a statement that it wouid offer the
Poles better terms than the allies
themselves are willing to allow.
Armistice terms are expected to
be settled by Saturday. In the
mantlme the Polish army continues
to fall back with practically no
resistance. The Red army Ib pressing forward just as fast as transportation of supplies over 'the war
torn area can be made. All the
territory over which the troops
have to go, lacks soads and railways.
■»i.»'.»ii|ii|.i|.,t  I Hil|ii...t.^.i|n|  I H..-H.H....—-t»f «■*———»■■.■'.■■.■■>".•
Defense Committee Meeting
B. C. Defense Committee
Monday, Aug. 2, at 8 p.m.
AU Members Are Requested to Attend
Miners Will Have Their
Grievances  Aired  iii
Court in September
ThlB case, which was instituted
by men who were Induced to so to
Stewart by an official of tlie Premier Gold Mining Co., while the
strike was on last fall, on the writ*
ten undertaking that" the strike
would be settled to the satisfaction
of the men on the ground when!
they arrived, and that they would
be put to work In addition to ths
strikers (which agreement was rejected on their arrival), ls due to
come before the court tn September, after the legal holidays. Exasperating delays have been effected, but a settlement either lh
or out of court will have to be made
then. Prospects for a successful
issue are excellent. Men concerned
will remember that at a meeting,
held ln Stewart, It was agreed that
the men who went up with Harris,,
the company official referred to,
would pay their share of the money
lent to the atrlke fund by Bros;
Wickstrom and Nichols In the
event of a successful conclusion of
the suit for damages. In accordance with this understanding deductions'will be made from each.
man's. proportionate share of the
damages to meet this obligation,
based upon the number of days he
was in Stewart living on the fund.
Those concerned are requested to
keep N. Booth, secretary of the
Prince . Rupert Central Labor
Council, posted on their movements, so that they can be reached'
at any time necessary.
Turgeon Promises Investigation Into Kidnapping Affair.
Th kidnapping of Organizer
Christopher, and the locking out
of the miners at Taylorton, Saskatchewan, has caused considerable
feeling lu labor circles all. over
the country, and labor papera. of
all shades of opinion have voiced
their protest against this latest example of mob rule. The Winnipeg
Defense comlttee has taken the
matter up and has vigorouily
worked for the punishment of the
guilty parties. This week this committee sent a Relegation ib see the
Hon. W. F. Turgeon, the attorney-
general of Saskatchewan, Who assured the delegates that investigation would be carried ou and the
guilty parties punished.
Next Monday night will be Initiation night with the Junior Labor, and a number of young peof
pie will be accepted as members
at this meeting. Members and intending mmbers will notice that
the night of the meeting has been
changed to Monday night Instead
of Tuesday, as announced previous?
ly. After the Initiation. proceedings are finished the social conti
mittee will take charge. The meet*
Ing will be held at 929 Eleventh
Ave. East at 7.S0 p.m. The J. Ix
L. Tennis Club la gradually get-l
ting better turnouts to the court
at Robson Park, corner Thirteenth
and St. George, on Saturday af-f
 . -   i
A special Labor Dny edition oi
The Fedcratlontst wilt be published on Friday, September the 3rd.
This Issue will contain many educational and Interesting articles,
from the pens of many of T
ablest writers and socialists in Canada. Every effort will he mi
to make this Issue one of, If pot.
tlie best, thnt lias ever been pub'
llshcd. Organization*, or !ndivl-
duals winding bundles of this Issue,
should order early, so that suflL
clcnt copies can be printed and no
one disappointed.
Milwaukee. — Undaunted by the
fact that Victor L. Berger hat
twico been unseated by congress,
because of alleged "disloyalty,'1
after being elected congressman
from the 5th Wisconsin district by
big majorities, the Socialist party
referendum again has picked him
to run for that seat ln the coming
fall" elections.
Twenty-t-ix   Thousand   Passengers
In Two Months to tills Land
of Milk and Honey
Tlie publicity department of the
Canadian Paciilc Railway reports
a great Influx of Immigrants from
European countries. It doc's npt
tell us that It has flooded these
countries with literature' telling ot,
the vast possibilities awaiting the
Industrious in Canada arid It tint
never even hinted at the fact that
there are .more men and women
than jobs now and has been since
thc world was made safe for democracy ln tho fall of 1919. It
now publishes with pride the fact
that Its vessels have landed 26,126
pasengcrs on these shores during
April and May and that 1B.3G0 of
these have avowed their Intention
ot staying in this land of milk and
honey. Of course thoso coming In
will push others out and this makea
good business for the C. P. It. and
other shipping companies.
Wc patronize those who patron*
Izo us.
Custodian of Jury Drawing Machinery in States
Is Removed
(By the Federated Press)
"James Groom, custodian of the
Jury drawing machinery In the
Court of Judge Franklin Griffin in
ten Franeiaco (In which Tom
Mooney was tried),, was lately
trapped in the act of criminally
tampering with the tin box ln
Which the names of prospective
jurors are drawn. Groom's purpose,
as revealed by Foreman Harrelson
of the' grand jury, was to destroy
the secrecy of the jury drawing and
to permit, the hand-picking of
Juries; It was shown that Groom
had acted as agent of the frame-
up ring in this court for years, and
that he had practised the trick of
hand-picking 'juries by the simple
process of binding together with a
rubber-band the slips containing
the names'bf prospective jurors not
Wanted by the frame-up crowd.
Groom has been denounced as a
crook by Judge Griffin and removed
from his position as court clerk.
' "This Ib the same court room
where Tom Mooney was convicted;
where the perjurer, Oxman, gave
his testimony; where fraud and
falsehood trailed a slimy course.
Agent for an underworld saloonkeeper, Groom picked the Mooney
trial jury and thus aided District
Attorney. Charles M. Fickert and
hiB oorrupt associates, long since
exposed and discredited in the most
vicious assault on justice the twentieth century has witnessed.
General Workers of the
O. B. U. Take Up Case
of Russians
The regular meeting of the
General Workers Unit of the
O.B.U. held- on Wednesday night
■was a live one, 'many matters of
ireki Interest were dealt with, the
.chW of which waa the case of the
Russians under order of deportation. The matter was brought to
fat-attention of the members un-
d6r the head of new business, and
miiny opinions were expressed,
aiid It seemed to be the opinion
that some steps should be taken to
communicate with Ludwig Martens, Soviet Russia's representative
in New York, on it being pointed
out that the time waB short, the
following wire was ordered sent
to' the premier:
[  . July 28, 1920.
Hon.  Arthur  Meighen,
Ottawa, Ont.
Russians to be deported from
Vancouver, the 29th by the way of
Vladivostok fear for their lives
and have commenced a hunger
strike. When these men were
flrst ordered deported assurances
were given by the government
through the minister of Immigration to the effect that they would
be safely v landed In any part of
Russia that they choose, by returning these men by the way of
Vladivostok this promise Is being
broken and the members of the
General Workers' organization
protest against this breach of
faith, and In view of the danger
Of landing these men at Vladivos.
tok where they are likely to be
murdered by the Japanese or
White Guard forces we demand
that the wishes of the men he
heeded If the government still permits In its policy of deportation
and that these men be sent by
the eastern route to Soviet Russia
where they will be safe. Should
lform befall these men the workers of the British Empire, including Canada will hold the Canadian
government responsible.
j. a SMITH,
Secretary General Workers' Unit.
A motion to appoint a special
committee for the purpose of
drawing up a plan of bringing the
different units of the O.B.U. into
a closer combination, and the
Holding of an open forum for all
workers, the meetings to be held
every two weeks, was Introduced,
and caused a lively discussion, In
(Which It was pointed out that the
-need for a common meeting place
for the exchange of Ideas was
(Continued on page 8)
Big Rewards Offered   for   Arrest
and Conviction of Armistice
Day Thugs
(By the Federated Press)
Dispatches from Spokane say
that the central labor council there
hns offered a reward of $3000 for
die arrest and conviction of the
mob-men on Armistice Day. A reward of the same amount has also
been offered by thc Everett Labor
County Prosecutor Allen told a
Federated Press correspondent
some weeks ngo that he would
prosecute lhe lynchers "if the evidence against them Is brought to
me." Attorney Elmer Stuart Smith,
{.('quitted in Hia Montesano trial,
Is busy gathering that evidence.
: But when Smith presented affidavits showing that local business
men had kidnapped and exiled
Blind Tom Lassiter, seller of labor
newspaper?, Allen said he would
.prosecute*thorn—not on a kidnapping charge, but for third degree assault, which would mean a
**x>-dollar fine.
France and Great Britain
Drifting to State
Nations Now Struggling
Amongst Themselves
for Advantage
(By Scott .Nearing)
Staff Writer, The Federated Press
The capitalist state was transformed by the war. By the -very
nature of the conflict, the governments of France, Great Britain and
the United States were compelled
to do things that were wholly repugnant to the principles upon
which these governments were
supposed to be organized and maintained.
The political atate, supervising
private capitalist enterprises, became, under war stress, an economic state, functioning ae a producer and distributor of the necessaries of national life.
Germany had set a high standard
of state capitalism. The ^Illes
pushed far beyond her beginnings.
She cared for the health of her
workers; conserved her resources;
subsidized Important industries.
The government was a wise parent,
directed by the ruling class, and in
their interest. Mad-cap compete
tlon was forbidden. The state was
an organism with power and vitality.
The latest figures that have been
Issued and the latest ideas that
have been inspired by the directing
group In the great capitalist countries give some idea of the
lengths to which the allied nations
have gone along the road that leads
to state capitalism.'
During the early days of the war
Mr, Wilson made a speech In which
he scored the Germans for subsidizing private enterprise, citing
their merchant marine as an example. No sooner was the United
States In the war than tt entered
upon a shipping programme that
for completeness puts the best
efforts of the German state to
shame. The German Government
merely subsidized private -enterprise. The government of the
United States built the ships,
equipped them, determined their
routes and rates and went into the
shipping business.    On January 1,
1919, the United States Shipping
Board was In possession of 2,305,-
015 tons of shipping; on   May   1,
1920, lt had a total gross tonnage
of 6,599,801 tons. The new shipping act provides for the continuance of the shipping board as a
peace time organization; for the
subsidy of certain forms of shipping; for the retention of the government-built ships under American control; and in general for, the
building of an American merchant
marine under government auspices.
A suggestion of the growth of
state capitalism In Great Britain Is
contained In the revised budget estimate recently published by Aub-
tln Chamberlain, fn one of his
tables, he compares the expendl-
(Contlnued on page 8)
Remarkable Disclosures of Intrigue With Reactionary Russian Forces Are Made by London Daily
Herald—British Labor Delegates' to Russia
Bring Proof of Churchill's Perfidy
Immigration  Authorities
Allow Seamen to Enter
The Australian seamen, who
have beon held by the Immigration
authorities since the arrival of the
Canadian Importer, were released
last Friday on the order of the
Immigration authorities at Ottawa.
The local authorities can hardly
be blamed for their detention, as
they only carried out the instructions as to Immigration into this
province as laid down at Ottawa.
On the men being Informed of
their release they took steps to
thank The Federationist and the
Campaigners of the Great War for
the assistance rendered them, and
paid a visit to thc offices of Tho
Fed., hnd the Campaigners, to
tender their t hunks in person. Mr.
J. H. Young, Secretary of the
Campaigners, received a wire from
Hon. J. A. Calder, Minister of Immigration, informing him that the
sailors would be permitted to enter
- Put  a  one-cent  stamp   on   this
paper and mall It to a friend.
THB LONDON DAILY HERALD on July 8 published
some remarkable eevelatlons
on the manner In which Mr. Win.
ston Churchill tricked the British government, and the House of
Commons. On July 6 further
revelations were made in the same
paper, and all the' reply that Mr,
Churchill could make was that the
statements were Inaccurate, The
revelations are of such Importance,
and demonstrates so well how the
Uvea of millions are gambled with
by individuals, that we publish the
story as it appeared in the Dally
Herald ln full.    It Is as follows:
The story of how lt came Into
the possession of the Daily Herald ls a romantic one.
During the visit, of the British
labor delegation to Russia, a Daily
Herald special correspondent saw
the document In the archives of
the Soviet commissariat* for foreign affairs in Moscow.
He realized Its great 'significance, and learned from Tchltch-
erln that copies had heen captured
by the Soviet forces fn two places
—at Omsk, Koltchak's capital, and
at Archangel, where the BrltlBh
troops had Bet up a dummy
"White" government
Our correspondent aaked for
and was given copies of the translation, and various members of
the labor delegation each secreted
one for conveyance Into England
past any prying authorities. Members of the delegation were given
an opportunity to examine the
The document shoWs Churchill
concealing from his colleagues and
the country the fact that he was
meeting Tsarist Generals, and the
military pacts he made with them.
He is afriad of "the Left elements."
He makes a demand for "full and
Btrlct"  secrecy.
It Is eaay to understand the demand. For General Golovln shows
Churchill's mind at work.
"He (Churchill) had declared in
the House of Commons that fresh
forces were necessary for the purpose of evacuating the North. He
would send under this pretext up
to 10,000 volunteers. . He would
postpone the actual evacuation for
an indefinite period, but will not
not speak about this."
So with Denikin—he would send
him troops by a ruse. Churchill Is
shown to agree also to Golovin's
plan for the raising of an anti-Bolshevik army "under cover of the
Red Cross."
Napoleon's Master
The document ends on a climax
of Churchllllan candour. The British War Secretary, furtively meet.
Ing. "White' Russian," Generals,
afraid of the Labour movement
and "perhaps" of Lloyd George—
the Right Hon. Winston Spencer
Churchill, the controller of half a
million British lives, the trustee of
125,000,000 pounds of BrltlBh money per annum, declares: "I am
myself carrying out Kolchak's orders.."
Churchill was as bad as his
The decision to evacuate the Bri
tish forces from North Russia was
taken by the Cabinet at the end of
February, 1919.
Churchill, as he promised Golovin
In May, pretended to accept the
decision, but in fatt acted on the
It was only at the end of September, when all his schemes had
failed, that resigned to the inevitable, he agreed to withdraw the
He took his orders from Kol
Report of Golovln
Owing to difficulties which were
experienced in connection with the
formation of the YudenLch front
by Colonel Steel, who is greatly
valued at the British Foreign Offlce, I found it necessary to enter
Into direct relations with the War
Socretary, Churchill. In his conversations with Generals Germon-
lus and Ycrmoloff, which took place
prior to my arrival, Colonel Steel
expressed himself, on behalf ot the
War Office, In a negative sense, Indicating at the same time that thc
British War Offlce intends to dispatch the Yudenich detachments
to the North.
Taking into consideration that
Churchill was all thc time very
careful to avoid meeting Russian
war representatives—being afraid
of criticism on the part of the left
elements and perhaps on the part
of Lloyd George—but considering
at thc same time that, in fact, he
sympathizes with .Russia, I decided to address myself to Sir
Samuel Hoare, in whose sincere
friendly feelings towards our cause
I had no reason to doubt.
Sir  Samuel  Hoare   received  mc
the next day after my arrival In a
very friendly manner, but his Initial front wu rather prejudiced,
As far as I could make out, tha
reasons were as follows: (1) He
considered for some reason, that
the whole Yudenltch affair had »
German flavour; and (2) that he
had very great doubts as to tlio
success of the undertaking,
Hoare'a Help
Our conversation was a long
one. I laid everything before him,
Sir Samuel Hoare became Interested, and promised to give me most
energetic support, which would
consist In the following:—I waa to
prpare a short memorandum for
transmission to Churchill, At the
same time Hoare would carefully
peruse my note on the "appreciation of- the strategic situation by
April 12," as well as a report on
the operations, which Includes a
description ot the plan of opera,
tlons against Petrograd (transmitted to Paris to Marshal Foch's
Hoare Inteded at flrst to arrange
for me a private interview at hie
own house with Churchill, but I
noticed he was hesitating: In the
matter. I understood that he wae
ln doubt as to whether Churchill
Would wish to violate his outward
cautiousness towards us. I frankly
told Hoare that I considered it necessary to bear ln mind Churchill's
wishes, a8 the latter sees much better the. political situation, and that
I would not like to embarass him.
We came at last to the conclusion
that Hoare would act as reporter.
Besides the question of Yudenltch
I exposed to Hoare all our needs.
All these negotiatons were concluded by May 1. The conversations
with Hoare bore fruit by May 3, as,
on that day, I was told that many
of the questions which I put forward had already been agreed upon, such as thc wireless station for
Ekaterlnodar, the keeping of the
troops of the North, the Volunteers, and the placing at our disposal of a steamer for the transfer
of our officers to Vladlvostock.
During the next few days (May
3-4) I handed to Churchill through
Sir 8. Hoare excerpts of those telegrams which were transmitted to
me from Paris: (a) about the Finnish detachments operating in Karelia; (b) about the necessity of
bringing the Allied Fleet to Kron-
stadt In cade of the Finns taking
(Continued on page C)
Take Lulu Island cnr on Granville Street Bridge and get off at
Boundary Road Station
Starts at 11 o'clock a.m. First car leaves 8:06 a.m. am] every
two hours lator.
All Information can be obtained at 793 Georgia Street East.
Everything has been done to make this picnic an enjoyable
In the event of weather not being favorable the picnic will
be held the following Sunday.
Jim i i i i mm i t t t ■- ■ "' '■'■'■'■'■*■>
Arrangements Being Discussed for Labor Day
The second picnic arranged by
the O.B.U. was as great a success as was the one held on May
Day. While for a different purpose than the May Day celebration
at Mahon park, the picnic at Kitsllano beach last Sunday was just
as successful, and provided a real
good time for those that took part.
The committee which had charge
of.the. arrangements is to be congratulated on the success that attended their efforts. The members of the O.B.U. and the Street
Railway employees and their
wives nnd children, commenced to
assemble at the beach shortly
after 10 a.m. and It was not until
10 p.m. that the gathering finally
broke up, although some left he.
fore that hour to attend the Socialist party meeting'ut the Empress. Everything went oft without a hitch, and the sports arranged for the kiddles were thoroughly enjoyed by all, including
the losers.
Arrangements for a monster
picnic on Labor Day are now Ih ing
discussed, and it is expected tbnt
something of n definite nature will
be arrived nt when next the women's auxiliary meet. That there
Is a place fer the women folks in
tho labor movement has been amply demonstrated by the members
of this organization since Its Inception. And the success ot the
picnic was largely due to the efforts of the women folks.
Winnipeg, Man.—An arbitration
award of $44.50 a week for dfiy
work and $47.50 for night work has
been appealed by Typograph^al-
Union No. 191. ,
Boycott Weapon Can Re Made Very
Ef teethe In Labor
Struggles. '
Seattle.—Of tlie 27 stores In the
new McDermott Building in the
heart of the Seattle retail shopping
district, seven are vacant although
thousands of pedes.ruins pass the
building every hour and contracts
for their tenancy were open seven
months ago.
One of the occupied stores Is
already involved in bankruptcy proceedings nnd eight of the remaining l!) nro staging half-price'sales
in a desperate attempt to move
their stock, ,
All this because non-union labor
entered Into the constrtiLtlon of the '
building with the result that the
unions are refusing to patronise thf
tenants. PAGE TWO
twelfth year, no. si     THE BK1TISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST      vancouveb, a a
..July 80,  lllf.
Arnold & Quigley's
Get My
Estimate on
—I specialize on this work—either the "Fixed"
bridge or the "Removable" bridge. -
My work is characterized by its naturalness-'
the perfect manner in which the expression ol
your countenance is restored—the way my;
work harmonizes with your natural teeth.
My work is thorough—my prices are reasonable
Dr. Brett Anderson
Orown and Brldgo Specialist
602 HASTINOS ST. W. Oor. Seymonr
Offlce Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
JUOUI.tllJ ttt UO!|»J; spiioa &IOIOM
Grocery Department
Finest Peanut Butter, 2 lbs. ...
Brunswick Sardines, 2 for .
Van   Camp's   Pork   and   Beans , 3
for -  26c
Qnakor Pork and Beans, 3 for I5c
Lyie's Golden Syrup, 4-lb. tin 820
trie's Golden Syrup, 2-lb. tin 410
Provision Department
Finest  New  Highland
Spude, S lbe. for. ...
v Delivered.
SUter'i   Green  Libel  Tea,   2   lbi.
ter _ _ __ SSe
Sister's Bed Ubel Tes, 1 lbi >0o
SI.ler'.   Blua   Libel * Tea,    2   Ibl.
(or   11.00
Nabob Best Tei, lb ..65c
Sliter'i Best Coffee, lb  SOc
LAED       LABD       LABD
Fineit Pure Lard in  1-lb. pick-
ages, . regular  SSo   lb.     We will
sell   the   above   on   Frldar  and
gtnw.,:   BwcM 28C
8 lbs, for   ™...88o
Limit g lbs.
Darles' Potted Meat, 3 for....26c
Sliced Pressed  Beef,  Ib .60c
Sliced Jellied Tongue, Ib 68c
Sliced Veil Loaf, lb 35c
Sliced Luncheon Ham, lb 46c
Sliced Cooked gam, lb 60c
Slater'a Sliced Streaky Bacon, ner
lb  j5c
Slater's Sliced Streakr Bason, per
lb „ „.  „ goo
Slater's Sliced Ayrshire Bacon, par
lb 45c
Slater's    Sliced   Ayrshire   Roll,   per
lb SSo
Slater's Wicod Roll Bacon, per
lb _  ifia
ftesh Meat Department
Finest Pot Roasts, from, lb 20c
Finest Oven Roasts, from, lb 220
Finest Boiling Beef, from, lb 100
Finest Rolled Boasts, lb 28o
Slater's Famous Alberta Creamery
Butter, regular 68c lb.; Saturday
morning from 8 a.m. to 11 a.m.,
ps.preci5!'..  _ ..62c
(.ftnttrbnry Lamb special
Canterbury Lamb Stow, lb 22c
Canterbury Lamb  Shoulders,  per
Canterbury    Lamb
Loins,   per
Canterbury Lamb Legs, lb 88c
B. C. Cream Cheese, packet...
Alberta Fresh Eggs, dozen....:
No. 1 Pork Shoulders, weighing from
.__ to 8 lbs. Theso shoulders ara
excellent for roasting and make an
excellent roast for the week-end.
Regular  38E lb,    Friday and Sat*
;«sft.^0.™: 30£c
Wa hive received another consign*
ment of our famous Picnic Sugar
Cured Hams. They ara excellent
for boiling and they are ths
cheapest meat you can buy. Regular 38c lb.   Friday 	
and Saturday, Ib	
Gallons of Malt Vinegar .; 96C
Empress Royal Vinegar, bottle...,20c
Nabob Pure Malt Vinegar, bottle....25c
Heinz Pure Halt Vinegar, bottle....35c
128 Hastings Street East ,
880 Qranvllle Street 	
3960 Main Strwt  	
..Pbone Sey. 3202
. .Phone Sey. 866
• Phon* Fair. 1688
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
Dry Ooodi, Oenti' Furnishings
Factory organised under "United (torment Worken of America"
Self-Determination for. Ireland
League of Canada
Propaganda Trains in Russia
Ingenious System and Its Inventor
The organization of British Columbia for tlje ,
Cause of Ireland is inaugurated preparatory to
a provincial convention in August when delegates will be selected for a Dominion Convention, to be held in September at Toroato.
All friends of Ireland and Self-Betermination
are invited to join the league.
Headquarters and Offices for British Columbia,
St. Mary's Hall, 650 Richards Street
Vancouver, B. C.
Address letters Provisional Secretary.
The Manchester Guardian publishes the following report of Its
special correspondent In Russia, on
the manner In which Soviet Russia Is endeavoring: to carry on
propaganda throughout the country:
When I crossed the Russian front
in October last year, the flrst thing
I noticed In peasants' cottages, in
•the villages, in the little town
where I took the railway to Moscow, in every railway station along
the line, was the elaborate pictorial
propraganda concerned with the
war. A few weeks ago I had an
opportunity of seeing two propaganda trains, the object of which
Is to reduce the size of Russia politically by bringing Moscow to the
front and to the out-of-the-way
districts, and bo to lessen the difficulty of obtaining that general
unity of purpose which it te the
object of propaganda to produce.
Tho fact that there ls some hope
that In the near future the whole
of this apparatus may be turned
over to the propaganda of Industry
makes lt perhaps worth while to
describe these trains ln detail.
Russia, for purposes of this internal propaganda, is divided into
Ave sections, and each section has
Itfl own train, prepared for the particular political needs of the section lt serves, bearing its own name,
carrying Its regular crew, a propaganda unit, as corporate as tho
crew of a ship. The five trains at
present In existence are the Lenine, the Sverdlow, the October
Revolution, the Red East (which is
now In Turkestan), and the Red
Cossack, which, ready to start for
Rostov and the Don, was standing
In the sidings at the Kursk station,
together with the Lenine, returned
for refitting and painting.
Eurov, the organizer of these
trdlns, a ruddy, enthusiastic Jittle
man In patched leather coat and
breeches, took a party of foreigners
—a Swede, a .Norwegian, two
Czechs, a German, and myself—to
visit his trains, together with
Radek, ln the hope that Radek
would Induce Lenine to visit them,
in which case Lbnlne could be
kinematographed for the delight of
the villagers, and possibly the central committee would, If Lenine
were interested, -lend them more
lively support. '
Futurists Under Control.
We walked along the Lenine
flrst, at Burov's special request.
Burov, it seems, has only recently
escaped from what'he considered
a bitter affliction <}ue to the department of proletarian culture,
who in the beginning, for the decoration of his trains, had delivered him bound hand and foot to a
number of Futurists. For that
reason he wanted us to see tho
Lenine flrst, In order that we
might compare it with the result
of his emancipation, the Red Cos-
saclf,' painted when the artists had been brought under
control. The Lenine had been
painted a year and a half ago,
when, as faded hoardings In the
streets of Moscow still testify,
revolutionary art was dominated
by the Futurist movement. Every
carriage waB-decorated with most
striking but not very comprehensible pictures in the brightest colors, and the proletariat Tvas called
upon to enjoy what the pro-revolutionary artistic public had for
the most part fulled to understand.
Its pictures were "art for art's
sake,' and cannot have done more
than astonish, and perhaps terrify,
the peasants and the workmen of
the country towns who had the
luck to see them.
■ The Red Cossack Is quite different. As Burvow put lt_ with
deep satisfaction, "At flrst we
were in the.artists' hands, and
now the artsists are In our hands,"
a sentence suggesting the moat
horrible possibilities of official art
under Socialism, although, of
course, bad art flourishes pretty
well even under other systems.
I inquired exactly how Burov
and his flrst friends kept tive artists ln the right way, and received
the fullest explanation. The political section of the organization
works out the main Idea and aim
for each picture,' which covers the
whole side of a wagon. This Idea
Is then submitted to a "collective1
of artists, who are Jointly responsible for Its realization In paint.
The artists compete with each
other for a prize which fs award'
nd for the best design, the judges
being the artists themsulvs. It Is
the art of the poster, art with a
purpose of tbe most definite kind.
sack, and every one ls painted all
over on both sides.
Klnemas, Newspapers, Books,,,
The internal arrangements < of
the train are a sufficient ptdof
that Russian* are capable of Organization If they set their minds
to it. We went through It, wagon
by wi:(,on. One wagon contains
a wireless telegraphy station capable of receiving aews from
such distant stations as those of
Carnarvon or Lyons. Another is
fitted up as a newspaper olllce,
with a mechanical press capable
of printing an edition of 15,000
dally, so that the district served
by the train, however out pf the
way, gets Its news simultaneously
with Moscow, many days sometimes before the belated "Izvestla"
or "pravda" finds its way there.
And with its lutest new5*lt gets Its
latest propaganda, and In order to
get the one it cannot help getting
Next door to that la a kine-
matograph wagon, with benches
to seat 160 jersons. But'Indoor
performances are only given for
children, who must come during
the daytime, or ln the summer
When the evenings ara too light
to permit an open-air performance. In the ordinary way, at
night, a great screen ia fixed up
in the open at the aide of the
track. There Is a special opening
In the side of the wagon, and
through this the klnematograph
throws Us picture on the freat
screen outside, so that several
thousand can see It at once. The
enthusiastic Burov Insisted
working through a couple of films
for us, showing the Communist
tfoy Scouts ln their country camps,
childrens meetings in Petrograd,
and the big demonstrations of last
year in honor of the third inter
nation. He was extremely disappointed that Radek, boing tn a
hurry, refused to watt for*a performance of "The Father and His
Son,' a drama which he assured
us with tears In his eyea was so
thrUling that ws should not regret I'.elng late for our appointments lf we stayed to witness it.
Another wagon is fitted up as
an electric power station, lighting
the train,' working the klnematograph and the printing machine,
etc. Then there Is a clean little
kitchen and dining/room,' where,
before helng klnmatographed (a
horrible experlenoe when one is
first 'begged, of course by Burov,
to assume an expression of intelligent Interest), we had soup, a
plate ct meat and cabbage,' arid
tea. Then there Is a wagon bookshop, where, while customers buy
books, a gramophone sings the
revolutionary songs of Demlan
Bledny, or speaks with the eloquence of Trotsky or the logic of
So far, the main use of these
trains, as of the posters which
they distribute, has been propaganda for the Soviets against Russian Whites and their foreign supporters. But, now that the civil
war is ending, two of the trains
are already boing repainted with
a new purpose. Although the
Polish Invasion may once more
postpone general concentration on
economic problems, may mean
that for yet another year all the
best tn the ruined otintry must bo
spent on war it ls hoped that
In the near future all five trains
wtll be explaining not the need to
fight, but rather the neec to
work in order to pull Russia out
of the economic crisis whloh she
was already facing in 1915, from
which time until today she has
never had the peace whloh ls a
first condition of Its alleviation.
"Lenino has ruined Rugjta,
says Dally Province. Sure! But
who for? The self-same breed of
capitalist ghouls who now ^SiftlSt
Canada. Let the "ruination* sW¥-
ceed apace. It can't do anythiifg
but good. V*"   -
■  i bluo***
Prussian militarism has1'i"6t
been established In Canada,' \v%
true, but as the druggist Iffoufd
say, we have ln the "red" m&urf-
ties "something Just as good.. >
The Loggers and Camp ^orl&
ers' Union ts a "menace" aU'ngHi
■to the "alien" profiteering !Tum-
.1.    lrln*H<    nf    tUln    *.nn..l~nn '" J*1'
ber kings of this province.
The London news agency JwH^j*
Is syndicating a ' "news" service
concerning Russia to the jtispjt
dally press of this .continent Is
sure working overtime these days.
The lies are so bare-faced and low
that the "service" should be pinched for securing money under false
The Bolsheviks axe now catching a place in the modern daily-
newspapers of the world of equal
importance to quack ads—"top of
column, alongside and next to pure
reading matter." The conspiracy
of silence has been broken, ai
soon those who don't love the
Russian workers efforts will at
least respect them.
After   drinking   four   pints
Vancouver's  famed  near-beer,
man who contemplated suicide one
day last week changed his mind,
I sincerely believe with you that
banking establishments are more
dangerous standing armies, and
that the principle of spending
money to be paid by posterity, .un-
der the name of funding, is but
swindling futurity on a large
scale. —Thomas Jefferson .(.third
American  president).
"The wheel that does the squealing is the wheel that gets the
An electorate which, by legal
enactment, turns all Its natural resources over to a few corporations and then kicks because the
latter "play the game" of profit-
making isn't entitled to much
■Isxpipaihy. Until the earth -ls re-
The result Is something amusing, | stored to the workers, there can
be no change.
club and boldier's gun, and enable the workess' Industrial organization to develop and finally
take control of Industry and society.—Industrial Union News.
Society could no more dispense
with Its doctors or artists or housewives than it could with its butchers or bakers. Bakers need artists
and. artists need bakers. Labor
should know no class distinctions.
Labor welds all useful members of
.society Into one union of brotherhood,
The vote, the ballot box and
the constitution. What Is the good
of them to the man who cannot
get work, or getB too much of It,
or Is laid on his back by sickness
and old age? They are the idols
of a democracy that consists in
mere forms—that Is a figure "of
speech, not a fact.—Labor Call.
There Is no country In which
the whole annual produce Is employed in maintaining the industries. The idle everywhere consume a great part bt It; and, according to the different proportions tn which lt Is annually divided between these two different
orders of people, Its ordinary or
average value mdst either an-*
nually Increase or diminish, or
continue the same frqm ono year
to another.—Adam Smith.
How much of Paddy's "slush
fund" found its way to Vancouver
and who handled It? Two guesses
are not needed. The signs are so
plainly ln sight that who runs
may read.
Labor's triumph will neither
"die out or be stamped out," as the
morning Sun suggests, editorially.
The "Idea" ts no longer a dream.
Too real, in fact to suit the cap-
talist pirates of England and
France in particular.
Dally press contradictions concerning the Bolsheviks can now be
found in the same edition. This
Inconsistent form of falsehood and
capitalist propaganda Is apt to
queer the credualityof even the
most stupid reader.
interesting, startling which, whatever else lt does, hammers home a
plain idea.
Some of the Pictures.
Thus the picture on tlio '-'Me of
one wapim is divided into two sections. On the left is a representation of the peasants and workmen of the Soviet Republic. Under it are the words:."Let us not
bind ourselves again . . . , "
and then in gigantic lettering under tho righthand section of the
picture,' In the Heaven of the
Whites." This heaven Is shown
by an epauletted* officer hitting
soldier Jn the face, as was done in
the Tsar's army and In at least
one" army of the countor-revolu
tlonarles, and workmen tied to
stakes, as was done by the Whites
In certain towns in the south,
On another wagon Is a very
jolly picture, o'f Stonka Razln In
his boat, with little old-fashioned
brass cannon, rowing up the river.
Underneath is written the words:
"I attack only the rich; with the
poor I divide everything." On one
sl&e are the poor folk running
from their huts to join him, on
tlie othor the rich folk firing at
him from thetr castle.
One wagon is '.eated -purely
decorative with a broad, effective,
. characteristically South Russian
design, framing a huge inscription
to the effect that the Cossacks
need not fear that the Soviot Republic will Interfere with their religion, since under its regime every
man Is to be free to believe exactly what he likes. Another
lively picture shows the young
Cossack girls learning to read,
with a most realistic old Cossack
woman telling thom they had better not But there Is no point In
describing every wagon. There
nre sixteen wagons In tha Pod Cos-
Labor is soon going to administer the affairs of the world!
Labor is gplng to own the world!
Capitalism cannot prevent it!
Russian workmen speak one
language the workers of the world
can understand.
It has been said that "the pen
ls mightier than the* sword." 'All
the same, Capitalism takes ' no
chances. It uses both at the unt
time,—Australian  exchange.  ..' ■f*
"We make take courage from
history to hope that generations'
will come to whom our system of
distributing among a few the privft
leges and delights that are pro?
duced by the toll of many, will
seem just as wasteful, just ■■ as
morally hideous, and as scientific
ally indefensible as that older ^ysr
tem which Impoverished and 'depopulated empires, ln order that a
deBpot or a* caste might have no
least wish ungratlfed for which
the lives of hard-won treasure, of
others could suffice."—John Mor*,
I hold that women of all coun
tries should know the light In
which militarism considers them;
for if one woman Is degraded, all
womanhood ls degraded. Modern
militarism is not a relic of barbarism, It Is a hideous disease of civilization. Let the women of the
world make up their minds that
there shall be an end of It.—Dora
B. Monteflore, in "Pax et Lib.
This is no time for tho working
class to be divided, ft should be
In one big union, and that union
to be used for any.purpose whioh
seems necessary to meet the exigency of the situation.' The name
matters little, so long as the membership fs armed with a knowledge of what is going on in the
Look out for Immediate developments. The dally press Is beginning to refer to the Bolsheviks
as the "Russians." The Soviet
administration about to become,
"respectable." Revolutionists are
all right when they win. The
other kind go to jail and worse,
Better organizo to win.
Big Check for Winnipeg Defense
Fund Brought Back
by Gage
Comrade S. Gage, of Winnipeg,
has just returned to that city
bringing with him a check for
two hundred guineas (approximately |1,000) for the Winnipeg
Defense Fund from the Miners'
Federation of South* Wales. Gage
was one of the representatives of
the defence committee who were
sent over to place the case of the
Imprisoned workers before the. Ia.
bor organizations of the old country. .
Big Business Hopes to
Crush Labor This
Tying  Up   of  Industry
Spreading All Over
(By Helen Augur)
Staff Correspondent The Federated
New York.—The year 1920 will
go down as labor's Armagaddon,
There has been a war, and tt'
costly—In* lives, in progress and ln
surplus profits. But In the scramble
labor gained power. Great organizations grew up miraculously.
Wages were high, the eight-hour
day was recognized.
The war was costly and the timo
to pay up has come. The employing class has determined that labor
must pay by sacrificing everything
gained during the war. Word has
gone out from the Federal Reaerve
bank that deflation must take place
and that the false superstructure of
Inflated credit and Inflated currency must come down. The employing class, holding on for dear
life to the adventurous and Alladin-
Uke ease of making money on the
inflated basis, declares that tt is
blameless, that "underproduction"
is guilty.
"Look/,* says tha employer,
"labor has organized scandalously
during the war. It ls constantly demanding higher wages and shorter
hours. Labor organization ls the
real cause of high prices. Down
with labor organization!"
So we come to the "open shop"
fight. It ls nothing new. Out on
the west coast last year the United
States Steel Corporation hurled Its
strength against labor organization,
and when it wiped the sweat from
Us eyes, labor'organisation was still
there. The David Taylor shipbuilding works were gone, and other
companies who tfled to maintain a
union shop were gone, but -labor
was still organized. The "American
Plan," the "National Plan," and all
the other plans which recently have
been made quite frankly by chambers of commerce from Detroit to
Galvaston, have all had some success, but much failure. Labor has
But now there Is real peril.
There is a Citizens' Transportation
committee In New York City which
ostensibly was formed to run
trucks for the transportation of
food to the people during the present strike of teamsters and longshoremen and marine workers. It
has the direct backing of six chambers of commerce, the disposal of
& $10,000,000 fund, and tho advice
of every well-known union-killer In
the country. The commltte has
taken the most vunerable spot in
tlie economic life of the country to
make its attack—transportation. It
ls bent on continuing the present
tie-up of New York harbor and of
the railroads, which is slowly paralyzing the country's Me. It will
not allow that tie-up to be settled
until unionism is destroyed in the
transport crafts. If the non-union
shop can be forced In transports- ]
tlon, the keystone of Industry, lt
can be forced anywhere and «very- j
where else.
Within a few weeks perhaps
100,000 textile workers will be Idle.'
That Is part of the plan. With textiles dead, thousands on thousands
of needle workers will be thrown
out. Perhaps 80 per cent, of them
are out already.
Current papers bring the news
that the great steel Industry tfi
slowing to a standstill. That is part
of the plan. With steel dead, where
will the tool-makers and the automobile workers and the machinists
be? With steel dead, where will
anybody be?
Massachusetts leather workers
are not making shoes nowadays. St.
Louis cap-makers are on a vaca-*
tlon. Subway trains in New York
aro mysteriously thinning. Carpenters are idle because contractors
are being refused steel for construction, especially, it is said, contractors whose Ideas on labor do
not harmonize with those of the
Steelmaker Gary. Furriers are exhausting their funds in a long
strike. The Amalgamated Clothing
Workers, the union which may be
counted on In a crisis, the union
which magnificently gave $100,000
to the steel .strikers last year, Is
being drained by queer, expensive
law suits. Well-organized Industries in which strikes are avoided
by the union, are suddenly be-U
with strikes, forced on one pretext
or another,
Slowly the country's business is
being paralyzed from lack of circulation. And the cord which is stopping the circulation is a group of
men who have ordained the nonunion shop, and who have decided
that labor must be given a long
hungry vacation, and'then come
back at longer hours and shorter
The "committee is ready for a
long fight, and a nasty one. On its
law committee is Walter F. Drew,
whot through«his connection with
the National Erector's Association,
controlled by the U. S. Steel, Is a
fair reflection of the spirit of, Gary.
The Month-End Sale
starting at Famous on Friday.
morning,  gives you a lovely
garment at a low fraction of
the priee you would ordinarily;
It may be either a Dress, •
Coat,  Suit,   Skirt   or  Wrap..
There   are ~ smart   washable
goods.    ,
You get it at an extremely low
and easily-paid price.
From Maker to Wearer
The Home of Authentic
Its chief tactician la Frederick Roster, the union-killer of the Pacific
Coast, who came here In May, evidently, for the express purpose of
showing New Tork how lt ls done.
In his shadow one can see those
dead men who (ave up their lives
in the fight tor unionism on the
west coast, and Tom Mooney, rotting in Jail, the victim of that
tight. Remembering the blood and
terror that followed Kostcr's campaign in San Francisco* one reads
with misgiving tha" following paragraph from one of the 17,000 letters
sent out to gather funds for the
campaign in New Tork:
"In consequence of the report
make by Mr. Frederick J. Kostet,
at the Merchants' -Association
luncheon meeting of May 26th, concerning the manner ln which San
Francisco handled Its problem, the
committee has broadened Ita plan."
Alderman Laycock, of Swift
Current, was a visitor at The Fed.
offlce during the week. Comrade
Laycock says that the leaven of
working class philosophy Is slowly but surely permoatlng tho working class In that part of
Saskatchewan. Alderman Laycock
is the representative of the working class on Swift Current's city
•   Be sure to notify the post office
as Soon as you change your address.
Don't forgot OUB advertisers.
The states ls the executive committee of tho ruling class. We
need a revolutionary political
narty to get control of the police this part alone of next week's show.
At The Empress
Mr. Royal's greatest successes
have been In Swede parts, ajj4
probably his most notable dramatic
achievement has been as Chris
Hansen, one of the leading characters In "A Light In the Dark," to
be shown at the Empress next
week. Mr. Royal created the part
at Its initial performance in San
Frlnclsco, the author, Herbert
Bashford, being a close personal
friend, who, knowing Charlie's, extraordinary ability ln parts of this
sort, insisted upon the producers
casting hira for the part. He has
played the part several times since
with great success, and Empress
patrons will have, a real treat in
These Low Prices
Should Appeal to
Your Sense of Economy.
Shop tlie Marketeria Way and
You'll Sure Shop Bight.
Bubber Rings, the very finest, dozen 100
Economy and Scram Tops,
per dozen 40o
Fruit Jars, Ezt-Seal, quarts,
* per dozen  $1.05
Local Kcw Laid Eggs, guaranteed, per dozen 65o
Butter,    the   finest   No.    1
- Creamery, 3 lbs $1.95
Kellogg's Corn Flakes, per
pkt .'. lOo
Finest Ontario Cheese, per
lb S8c
Klagura Grope Juice, per
bottle »5o
Standard Invalid's Port, per
bottle 75o
"Kn-cncli-ui'-Tliurst" Orangeade nnd Lemonade, per
bottlo SSo .
Cyder's Raspberry Vinegar,
per bottle 35o
Kippered   Salmon,    2 ..tins
.   for  25o
Clark's Pork- and Beans, 3
tins for ..f. ..'....,25c
Clark's goady Lunch Beef,
per tin 40c
Do'niinlou Tomato Soups, 2
tins for ...:. ..25o
Couan's Cocoa, per tin lOo
Palm .Olive Soap, per
cake'  10c
Ramsay's Family Soda Biscuits, large pkgs. for 30o
Golden Crust Baking Powder,
B-lb. tins for $1.0*
B. C. Pacific Milk, 2 large
cans   25o
Reindeer Condensed Milk 23c
Eagle Condensed Milk, per
tin   25o
The Homo of Quality
Seymour 1266
Guaranteed Coal
If our coal is not satis,
factory to you, after you
have thoroughly tried it'
out, we will remove what
eoal is left and charge you
nothing for what you hav«
used. '
Tou to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 1441 aad MS
Phon. Seymour 7169
Third  floor,   World  BulldUf,   Tta-
eoam, 8. 0.
Greatest Stock oi
In Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
el HMUaf i Itnet WM
we_s tou au roa
anl Non-alcoholic wlsei ef an
Labor Power Regenerated
—at the—
Meals of the Best—Prices
p. Gibb
57 Cordova St. W.
Near the Loggers' Halt
10 Economical  The Coupons which
11 carries •■redeemable for n.efof
•sticks •• •» a further economy.   <
Well Orer 100  per cent. Higher
Than Samo Montb of Prewar tear
Ottawa.—The cost of lvlng ls
still rising. Returns made to the
labor department show that the
weekly family budget of staple
foods average is $16.92 at the middle of June, as compared with
(16.66 in May, and |7.35 ln June,
1014. The Index number of wholesale prices foil considerably, however. For June It was 849,3, as
compared with 386.6 for May, 284.1
for June, 1911, nnd 136.3 for June,
THttSB flne Spring days make you want to got out doors and
enjoy yourselves. . ■
Whether you aro a disciple of Isaao Walton or a baseball enthusiast, we are here to take care of your every need. We have
the largest stock of high-grade Ashing tackle and sporting goods
ln British Columbia, all moderately priced. '
618 HASTINGS STREET WEST phone Seymour J82 aaa paob is mid ros bt ths
or IHB 0. B. U.
Lumber and Camp Workers
—Industrial Unit News—
Friday, July 23.—The business
under consideration at the morning
session was the report of the'committee on constitution. It was decided to alter the name to the.
Lumber, Gamp and Agricultural
Workers' Department of the One
Big Union, as It was realized that
owing to a considerable inter-relationship of these occupations due
mainly to the seasonal or' casual
nature of the work and the consequent passing from ope to the
other by the workers lt was.the
most logical thing for the organisation of all workers so employed to
lie concentrated and specialized in
tty one department, at least until
such time as growth and developments called for soms other arrangement.
Clause 2 was altered to read:
It shall have no affiliation with
•ny other organization, but pledges
Its support to all working-class
movements that strive toward industrial freedom."
The following.were struck out:
Nos. S, II, 47, ee.
Any member taking a Job aa
foreman or superintendent must
take a withdrawal.
Clause IS was altered to read:
"No camp delegate or organizer of
the department shall organize for
any other union or political party
whilst working for this organization."
Future yacanoies occurring on
the executive between conventions
will be filled by the nominee who
received the next highest vote in
the referendum—except In the case
of secretary-treasurer, when the
vacancy shall be filled by the
Clause 82 was altered to read:
"No member shall be eligible for
nomination or election for general
secretary-treasurer, or as member
of the central executive unless he
hail held a card in the organization for at least six. calendar
Clause 88 altered to read:
"Initial expenses of organizing
aew districts shall be paid by
The executive to be formed of
three members, elected by the
Coast and Prince Rupert districts
combined. Prince Qeorge and
Bdmonton combined to elect one;
Kamloops and Merritt combined to
A Dinner Pail Epic
By BUI Lloyd,
Written for The Federated Press.
The beet Idea I've Been of late
lo curb this anti-labor bait, and
nake reaction stop and yield, is
labor In the picture field, to star;
l company to make some labor
films and shows to take the place
of those that surely are a long,
long way from truth, by far.
Now, I ain't paid to advertise
this venture, which is sure some
■tie; the editor must just donate
the space tn which I'll orate.
Just stop and think how It 'will
Kern, beneath the incandescent
gleam, to see the workers all ln
line, which up above they read
lhe sign: "Come one and all and
bring another, we're showing
Maxim Gorky's 'mother.'" While
lip the street a little bit, they're
tfferlng another hit: "Come ln and
tee It lf you can, we show The
Weavers' by Hauptmann." Now,
wouldn't that get Charlie dizzy and
Hake the vampires awfully busy?
Instead of all that slush and
Mink, we'd teach the workers
how to think. The labor struggles of our brothers, the workers,
ind their wives and mothers; from
All the lands of earth we'd gleam
and flash them out upon the
Instead of teaching . girls to
ramp, we'd train ours In the labor
samp. (Say, boys, between you
juid me, my girl's a Yeach that
you should seel). The girls would
learn 'twas wise to be just as
tlass-consclous as are we, that
raping at some silly folk will
■ever bust the worker's joke.
The workers' strugglas are a
sice that we can surely dramatize.
For comedy, we'll have to look no
farther than the" «*Who's Who
Book." Gee, the Idea so tickles
■ne I'll likely die of ecstaey.
Who knows? Some night, to
Rll a void, they might put on '.'Our
friend, Bill Lloyd." I wonder
|ust how It would feel to tiee myself in, say five reels? While I
iat out there In the dark and
watch myself. Gosh, what a lark!
I guess my girl would almost cry
lo marry suoh a famous guy.
General HMdvurtaxi:
Vancouver B. 0.; E. Winch, 61 Cordova Street Weil
Cranbrook,  B. C;  J. H. Thompaon,
Box IS.
Cranbrook    District—Legal    ad-
Vlser:   George Spreull.
Kamloops  B. C; J. I». Petenon, Box
112, 3 Victoria Stroet.
Merrit, B. 0.; W. B. KUner, Box 8.
Melton,  B.  C.j   B.  Bartow,  Goneral
Meetings are held in the 0. B. U.
Hall, Baker Street. Nelson, on tho
flrst and  third  Sunday of each
month at 3 p.m.
Princo Georgo, B. 0.; C. F. Morrison,
Drawer 20,
Princo Bupert, B. 0.; 3, ft. Burrough,
Box 833.
Vaneouvar, B. 0.; 3. Wt, Clarko, 61
Oordova Street West.
Victoria, B. C;  E. Waterson, 1124
Governmont Street,
Bdmonton,  Alta.;   0.  Berg,  10833—
lOJst Street East.
Tha Pae, Manitoba—Geo. Tether
Genoral Delivery.
Winnipeg, Man.; Lumborworkexa' Union, 186 Henry Avenuo.
Cochrane, Ont.; E. Crandoll, General
,   Delivery.
Port Francis, Out.; S. G. Kill, Box
890, WabEtor Hall.
Sudbury. Ont; Wm. Cowan, Box 1631.
Llsgar Straet.
Montreal; U. Binotto, 38 St, Laurent
elect one; CraTibrook and Nelson
combined to elect one; Winnipeg,
Fort Prances, Prince Albert (and
Port Arthur' if it should rejoin),
combined to elect one; Sudbury,
Cochrane and Montreal combined
to elect one, and the secretary-
treasurer who shall* be nominated
by the convention and elected by
referendum vote of the entire
No executive member except
the secretary-treasurer shall be
seated aa a delegate at conventions
unless elected by a district.
The next convention to be held
In January, after that yearly.
—All strike funds are, in future,
to  be. under the  control  or  the
dlstriot or general executive.
Votes on nominations for executive member in place of H. W.
McKnlght were: Berg, 32; Under,
17; Robinson, 5; C. L. Miller, 4;
Kanzas, S; Mclntyre, 2. The first
three will be subntttted to referendum vote.
A resolution was passed protesting agalnBt the supply by the Allies
of men or munitions to the Poles
for use in their attack upon Soviet
Russia, and demanding that the
British government desist from
such action.
The floor was given to Fellow-
worker Lawson, editor of the
Searchlight, Calgary, who spoke
briefly and to the point on matters of present-day and direct interest to the men on the job.'
V. R. Midgley, secretary of the
O.B.U., was alBo given the floor
and dealt briefly with matters
which had been discussed on the
floor, particularly the vote of censure-passed by the convention on
the central-executive of the O.B.U.
for the lack of suitable literature.
Delegates Watson, Clarke and
Grider were elected a committee
to prepare a report to submit to
the next O.B.U. convention with
reference to starting an official
O.B.U. paper.
After one day ln committee and
four days in open convention the
delegates were too wearied to discuss in detail the various general
questions on the agenda, and It
was with a feeling of relief that
the motion to adjourn was adopted
at 6:10 p.m. Friday, concluding
thereby the most successful convention that has yet been held
by the lumberworkers.
Editor H. Puro of the Finnish
paper, Vapaus, printed at Sudbury,
and Editor M. Popowich of«the
Ukranlan. Labor News, printed at
Winnipeg, were present throughout the convention.
There Is a "reptile," a poison*
ous "reptile," at large in the city
of Vancouver. What Ib it? Where
Is It? It Is not a snake nor a
beast of the forest; it ls a product
of "human" attainment It Is
slowly getting a strangle-hold upon the workers, especially If they
are what is commonly called'"agitators."
Tou loggers, you camp workers, union or otherwise, are you
going'to stand by when there are
scores of your fellow-workers being discriminated against when
they seek a job from this monster.
Tou know what I mean.
Dark and vile are the slimy
kicks of this spawn of a system
that knows not even the instinctive traits of a rattlesnake, for
It does at least give warning of
ItB attack, whereas this "reptile"
strikes ln the dark. It Is a well
proven fact that a toller in order
to eat must work, and yet in the
face of this when some poor starving wretch apply for a job to this
"reptile" he must wait around^for
several days until this "reptile"
has satisfied Itself (it has no sex)
that the following questions have
been answered by the slave's pre.
vlous master.
If the questions are satisfactory
to this "reptile" then the slave can
slave, if not then the slave need
not slave—nor eat.
If this is British fair play, then
I for one do not believe ln playing fair. The following are four
questions asked of the slavo's previous employer by this "reptile"
before the slave can qualify for
the job:
1—What job did he fill at your
2—Was hts  work  satisfactory?
8—Did he cause any agitation In
your camp?
4—What waa his reason for
We are told that Is Illegal to
boycott, but we at least can act
like organized workers, that Is, If
we do not possess a yellow streak.
What about it, boys?
Donations from Camp 2, Qucb-
nel, defense fund: Charles Stone
$3, Oscar Svendsen $6, B. Olson
it, C. Angelshang $2, A, Olson $2,
Aaron Olsen $2, Oscar Lind $3,
Fred Johnson $2.50, Aibln Johnson |8,-H. Anderson $2, John Peterson $2, F. Kayser }2, B. Shepell
f 2, Gustave O. Berg $5, C, Anderson |2, J. Nelson $5, M. Hanson
92, Nils Larson ?2, J. W. Johnson
$2, Eric Erickson $2, J, Olson $2,
O. Anderson $2, Peter Burkland
$2, G. Bexell $2, G. Erickson $2,
H. Hult $2, H. Hus $1, Steve
Steney  $1;  total,  $66.50.
Addresses of Fritz Willlnm
Schupple, law. heard of in Princo
Rupert district last November';
Frank Asslln, last heard of at
Pare's camp, Vaveny; Karl F. McKlnen, N. Dundakoski, E Dew, A.
Vesenlklr,   G.   Whitelaw,' W.   Orr,
 Tomkin,   N.   Koski,   F.   R.
Solloway and Jim Kinney.
Nels Sutterland, aged 68, has a
compensation claim, No. 62,215,
Eastern members are warned
not to pay dues or fees to H, C.
Wlioimock Striko
Anton Anderson and John Wes-
terlund have been taken off the unfair Het and reinstated into the
union. Delegates and union men
take, notice.
As a result of attention drawn
by the article, "O.B.U. Men and
O.B.U. Card Men," In a recent is.
sue, the following communication
has been received from Smlthers:
Smlthers, B. C,
July 10, 1920.
J. H. Burrough,
Prince Rupert.
Fellow-worker: It was moved
and seconded at this present meeting held here that I send you the
following   details   re   McLaughlin.
McLaughlin was present at a
meeting here. One of the boys
from Usk was chairman and he
gave us a" good clear report on
same. We decided at the meeting
to advise all to stay away from
Usk. So you see McLaughlin
knew the situation before he left
You can use ihe above any way
you see flt.
Yours for the .O.B.U.,
There was another individual by
the name of W. J. Carrlgan, also
a card-packer, to secure whose
dues a special effort had to be,
made by the camp delegate before the strike occurred. Strenuous and determined persistence at
last succeeded In extracting f5 for
djies and $5 for the defense fund.
When the strike started this Individual ran true to type and stood
by the boss. At the meeting recently held Jn Usk he promised to
quit the next Monday, but, of
course did not do so. A letter
limilai' to that despatched to McLaughlin was forwarded to him,
and the following reply received.
This ought to have been published in the issue of July t.
UBk, B. C.,
June 23, 1920.
Mr. Burrough,
Secretary O.B.U.
Dear Sir: I received your letter today and note your remarks.
I beg to say that I am working
for myself. I have a contract to
fall and buck all the timber on
this limit and a promise of a contract of 7,000,000 feet. When I
am finished with this job any men
that I will need with me will work
eight hours, that waa why I was
anxious to stay aa long as I did.
If this Is not satisfactory I would
advise you not to publish my name
In any paper or papers in British
Tours truly,
The situation at Usk ls promising. All efforts of the companies
Involved to get crews are unavailing. Now and then a mill will
have nearly a full crew, obtained
by the usual misrepresentation,
and when the victims have secured their fare out, they skip and
spread the glad tidings. The
strike has been getting splendid
moral support from all workers
along the G.T.P., taken as a whole.
Hanson's men are getting dissatisfied at their treatment, and prob.
abilities are that they will shortly
see the benefits of joilnng the organisation and bettering thetr conditions by collective effort. Attempts to get Hindus and Chinamen have been unavailing. Prince
Rupert Is about the hardest little
town on the coast to recruit strikebreakers from.
If there are any live men In the
Buckley Bay camps this office
would like to hear from them.
Only three camps have a delegate
(July 22).
Secretary P. R, Dlstrct.
$2.50 PER YEAR
Working Class to Defend Its Own
A large mass meeting arranged
by the defense committee , with
Dixon ln the chair, took place at
Victoria Park, Winnipeg, on Sunday, July 18, ln protest of the outrage committed by the coal magnates at Taylorton (Estevan district), Sask.
Comrades Woodsworth and Cottrell, who had just recently returned from Taylorton, very ably
outlined the manifestation of atrocities by the coal companies, who
with the aid of the different
branches of police are endangering
the lives .of ■ their employees, the
miners, and those of the citizens
of this country. Thundering cries
and hisses from the audience of
"Shame! Shame!" certainly proved
the-Indignation of the people.
A resolution by Bailey, M. P.,
was unanimously adopted, that we
give moral and financial support to
those miners, ahd that the names
of the shareholders In the company in question be given the
widest publicity; also that a special
committee composed of Dixon,
Woodsworth and Cottrell, with
power to act for their members,
shall see to it that the Taylorton
mining interests are brought before
the laws of the country.
Comrade Woodsworth also gave
us a brief outline on his recent trip
to the Northwest, stating that the
Lumber and Construction Workers' Unit of the O. B. U. is one of
the best organized, and the finest
bunch of workers that any man
could wish to meet anywhere tn
the world. Also a very becoming
bouquet of O. B. U. was handed
out to the Northwest Fishermen.
The meeting ended- amid great
cheers and applause.
P. G. A..
P.S.—A wire has just come to
the Lumber Workers' office In
Winnipeg that the company is
using drastic steps in making the
miners vacate their houses. Fellow
workers, this calls for action on our
part—don't be napping.
Address of Kari F. McKlnen, p.
Ryan, N. Dudakoski, E. Dew, C. E.
Wilson, H. H. Murphy, A. Vesenlklr, G, Whitelaw, W. Orr, Tomkln,
N. Koski, F. R*. Solloway, Jim Kin-
ney,- J. Dlcomo, W. J. Chesney and
Les Hamilton, hook tender.
(By The Federated Press)
Berlin.—"Poland's war against
Soviet Russia Is a war of International reaction and of international capital against the revolution,"
declares a manifesto issued by the
Polish Communist Labor (party.
Asserting that Soviet Russia is
fighting for the socialization of thc
mines and railroads of Poland and
that her triumph will be the triumph of the Polish workers, the
manifesto goes on: "We hail thc
resolutions ond deeds of the dock
workers in London, of the miners
In England, and of the railroad
men In Brescia (Italy) as eloquent
expression of the revolutionary
.solidarity of the workers.'
(By a Wayfarer)
There Ib a class of literature
circulated, gratuitously, in the
camps throughout the country, by
tlie unseen hands of some beneficent fairies, for the sole good and
benefit of the workers. The objects of lt seem to be—to wean
their minds from the wiles and artifices of self-seeking agitators and
of those greedy and unscrupulous
profiteers who print the so-called
'labour* papers and the radical
press; to teach them ( the work?
era) to trust to the normal and
wholesome evolution of industry
and democracy, in the hands of
its natural captains and generals,
to bring about any little changes
that may be necessary to further
Improve the present gratifying
conditions of the workers, and
realize the highest aspirations of
the human mind; and to counteract that tendency to bloodshed and
anarchy which Is the Inevitable
result of the working-classes
meddling in- affairs too high for
them to understand.. Also, by the
way, it seeks to promote th6 ambition of the lowly workers, that
they may all aspire, by Industry
and devotion, to emulate the lofty
examples that are set before them
of those that have risen to positions of wealth, honour and public
service./ ThiB literature contains,
we are told, a complete exposure
and refutation of Socialism, Bolshevism and Diabolism, generally,
those evil offsprings of the laziness,
discontent and degradation of the
baser   elements of   the working-
I don't know If this literature
ls studied as earnestly as It deserves to be. I. sometimes fear
not. But lt furnishes Interesting
sidelights on the mentality and
mental culture of the master-class.
One article that I read purported
to be a letter written ln a spirit
of kindly condescension, by a self-
made magnate, genuine working-
man; in which he pictured the aw-,
ful results to society of the 'taking
over' of the powers of government
and control of Industry by these
hatr-bralned fanatics; and from
which I quote this cry, wrung from
the very heart of him:
"This Taking Over' means the
abolition of my interests, AIX I
HOLD DEAR IN LIFE, (capitals
not in original), my work and upbuilding the very large concerns
over which I preside and which
have taken thirty years ot my life,
thirty years' of strenuous striving
as was ever put up by any man,
for I began where you are today,
Bill, pushing a truck on the docks
of New York. During my first
ten years in business, I averaged
16 hours a day, but thla was after
I gave up my card ln the Longshoremen's Union. Success ■ for
me was a matter of concentration
and tremendous work." I submit
that this splendid example of
'Americanism' (160 per cent) deserves consideration. What does
lt imply? These things among
others:* The highest ideal that
has. been evolved by the spirit of
modern civilization, and which ts
everywhere held up before the
workers as the legitimate object
of their aspirations and endeavour;
the intense individualism characteristic of the system and everywhere inculcated, which has no
use for unions, their objects and
spirit; which ignores or hides the
truth that, for one such 'success',
there must be 10,000 failures, and
that the success of the one Is only
possible at the cost of the unrewarded toll and degradation of
the many; the assumption that, in
modern civilization, this success of
the one compensates for the price
paid for It; that the wealth accumulated and enjoyed by the few
Ib of more value to civilization
than the well-being and content
of the many who pay the price;
that, without conditions of want
and Insecurity for the many, there
would be no stimulus to such
splendid endeavor, and that, under conditions of sufficiency and
content, mankind would stagnate
and rot; that life has nothing better to offer (and that aa to.success
only to the splendidly endowed
few) than this intense devotion of
body and soul to developing industry and commerce for the accumulation of wealth; that this
object, the be-all and end-all of
existence, dwarfs the soul of man
individually and socially, narrows
his outlook, limits his sympathies,
destroys his vision and unfits him
for the age-long task of adapting
himself to changing environment,
while this changing environment Is
hastened by the magnitude of his
physical toil and material development. "All I hold dear in life!"
What Irony, what pathos, ts hidden there? How natural, toot
What can be more dear to man
than the life-long object of his
hopes, struggles, ambitions; the Intimate thought and impulse of his
daily life; the golden Idol of his
devotion and sacrifice? And as
he is, so is his class and civilization.
What wonder that to them the
degradation and suffering of hu
manity are the necessary condition
of material splendour, a mere' Incident of material progress; that
the best efforts of Intellect and art
are adapted to the standards- of a
plutocratic age and spent ln the
service of plutocracy; that science,
except as it contributes to material
developdent, speaks with a hushed
voico in a limited sphere; .that all
the intricate and delicate machinery of education and promulgation
of IdeaB, of public Information and
opinion, Is responsive to the will
of this great master-class, watchful of its Interests, alert In its self-
defence! Outside the service of
modern mammon, where is ''the
career open to the talents"? But
to thc talents that "fall in line,"
what Holds of honourable and lucrative service! In politics; the
Public Services, Judiciary, In Journalism nnd Literature! What now
fervour is instilled into the old
ideas of Religion, Patriotism, Loyalty etc., and that flower of them
all, the great modern ideal "Americanism," with all that It implies
of Super-Democracy, material progress nnd prosperity on the surface, ond, underneath, what?—
the grinding wheels of Industry,
deadly competition and frustration
of life to thc many, thy lowering
of moral standards, the subservience of intellect; laws of sedition;
Imprisonment or death to the her-
aldfc'bf the new era,
The human race must not look
f$ft|[pd to foeak of, dream of- a
time when* men shall be free and
equal ln each others' eyes, as brother to brother, and share alike,
each according to hia. capacity,
with equal reward, in the common
lot and service; when all that Is
highest and best in man will leap
tb the appeal of social-service and
progress, and when no man's interest wll be served by the enslavement of his fellows or his
own material aggrandisement]
No! Increasing wealth, as this
age counts wealth, to those who
are on the top, or who can scramble
to the top, and drudgery and shoddy, material and mental, to the
rest for ever and ever. So lt it
decreed by our gods of Democracy,
who by their own action and shewing, are blind to all the other possibilities of life. AH that Is dear
In Ufe to them should be, tf only
in the dreaming of it, enough for
us, and enough to satisfy the
growing needs and aspirations of
the human race. I read ln a paper of a New Religion; "It must
be clean-cut, Its ultimate object
must be the world for the workers
and no drones In the human hive.
Greatness must be estimated by
Service to humanity. 'TOftman
rights must come before property
rights," and I think that clearer
visions and nobler alms come from
and are Inspired by the tolling
masses, than from material wealth
and those that own it, and of the
two vlBionB of "all that Is dear in
life" I do not hesitate which to
Camp Reports
A series of meetings was held in
the C. P. R. camps at Yahk commencing July 19th,
The case of Felow Worker A.
Berlault was ordered to be referred
to the District Convention.
The Grievance Commttee were
Instructed to get busy on the case
of Fellow Worker Atkins and report at a subsequent meeting, when
it was stated that the forman
would not reinstate Atkins, and
was prepared to let the workers
take, whatever action they wished,
. it was decided that no work
would be done by the workers In
Camp 3 until the grievance had
been submitted io H. V. Murray,
t*he .walking boss, to whom the
following letter Waa presented:
' Sir;—At- the regular meeting
held In camp tonight, the following
case.was brought before the meeting re L. Atkins, the bull cook at
Camp No. 3, who was asked by the
foreman to leave his regular duties
and go and pile up slabs just unloaded from the train. The bull
cook replied that his regular duties
kept him buoy, and was thereupon
fifed. The Grievance Committee
Interviewed the foreman and asked for the reinstatement of the
bull cook, as he had prformed his
duties satisfactorily, and was fired
for refusing, to do outside work.
The foreman told the committee
that there would be no reinstate,
ment, and the men could take
what action thy wished.
It was thereupon decided that
the following ' action be taken:
That no work be done at Camp 3
until the bull cook was reinstated,
and that, If necessary, the other
camps would  follow suit.
The Camp Committee are ready
to discuss this matter with you to
get to an understanding, as the
men are anxious to get back to
Camp Comittoe: Dick Carroll,
Alfred Johnson,
Chas. Smith.
Mr. Muray replied:
"That he could not reinstate the
hull cook, but that he would give
him work at another camp, and
if that was not satisfactory, the
workers could take what action
they liked."
j A special meeting was called In
Camp 3 to deal with the report
ot the Grievance Committee,, It
was decided to take action by
striking, the other camps being
notified; also that L. Atkins be reinstated and the camp be recognized as a Union camp, and those
workers who do not stick with the
majority on this action be discharged.
A further special meeting of all
camps was held at which a motion
was adopted that the workers go
on record for the bull cook to be
given an outside job at another
camp; and that the company be
asked to discharge 5 non-union men
now in their camps, and that in
future, when the foreman is advised
by the Camp Committoe that non
union man Is in camp, that he be
The Committee was instructed
to take up with, the Boss, the question of blankets and beds. It was
decided that the card be taken
away from Nick Pura who worked
in Camp after the members had
voted that no work be done until
the Company had granted the demands.
Replying to ihe men's demands,
Mr, Murray said that he had offered
Atkins employment at one of the
other camps, but that offer had
been declined. Personally he had
not the authority, to recognize the
Union at the present time, but*If
non-union men were making any
trouble, he would bave them discharged.
Beds and blankets would be
brought Into the Camp immediately if the men so desired.
At a meeting held on July 21st,
the foregoing answer was consl-
derd 'satisfactory, and Delegate O.
J. Dandeneau was thanked for his
services on behalf of the Organ,
The next meeting of the combined camps will take place at
No. 8 on August 7, at 7.30 p.m.
. Regular propaganda meeting
held at headquarters July 26, 1920.
Fellow-Worker Cowan In the
chair. Minutes. of the previous
meeting .read and approved, 'Motion adopted: "That the meeting
adjourn after the financial statement had been read." Financial'
statement given In detail showing
balance on hand, July 8, $6095.70;
receipts, $3481.09; expenditures,
$0806; balance on hand, July 22,
$1770.79. Report received and referred to audit Meeting adjourned at fr.tO p.m.
i'    $
Whalen Palp & Paper Company.
Murray's Camp .
Firs, Limited, or Rees & Black
Masset Tbr. Co.'s Sawmill
Hanson's Camp	
Kenny Bros. .	
Royal Lumber Co. :
Kleanza Co.
 Swanson Bay
.Thompson Sound
Metalliferous Mines...
Lindsay Bros,	
Buckley Bay
~™Usk, G. T. P. Rly.
_Usk, G. T. P. Rly.
—Itt, G. T. P. Rly.
-Silverton and Sandon
(Slocan District)
Masset Timber Co. is firing the men on day wagea
and letting work by contract UNION MEN TAKE
Dempsey-Ewart's, Camp _L
.Drury Inlet
quantity of food they get a chance
to stow away at a time. The
"good"- people objected to the
company building a boarding
house—"There's a reason."
The following Is the result of
the referendum vote:
1—Are you In favor of setting
August 16 as the date to do away
with blankets and Instal springs
and mattresses, and the employer
to furnish blankets? Yeas, 114;
nay, none.
2—Are you In favor of setting
October 16 as the date to do away
with the piece work and the bonus
system?    Yeas, 141; nays, 7.
3—Are you fn favor of paying
$1 per month hospital fee to this
organization for your protection
against sickness? Yets, 149; nays,
4—Nominations for secretary-
treasurer: James L .Peterson, 89
(elected); J. F, Johnson, 64; D. F.
McKay, 19,
6—Nominations for district
executive board: Frank Billings,
187; Alexander Miller, 114; James
Mclntyre, 96; Edward Dwyer, 90;
Edward Cohoe, 83; Ben Watson,
46; Raymond Branham, 38. The
flrst four elected.
(Bloedel, Stewart A Welch)
Camp about three miles from
Union Bay; all contract and piece
work; about 100 men working; 24
men ln a very low roofed bunkhouse about 40 feet long; all
double decked bunks; the man on
top ls just three foot from roof.
Place kept very clean; grub fair,
but fresh fruit very rarely on
table. * A meeting was called on
the 21st, but out of 56 men present, not one would act as chairman or act on committee. This
la remarkable, seeing the camp is
85 per cent, organized. What is
needed is a few men who have
both backbone and understanding,
then the job can easily be made
100 per cent, and when necessary,
action taken in accordance with
union principles.
(Mac & Mac's Camp)
It Is reported that conditions
at this camp are not up to the
previous standard. Fresh fruit
never seen, and canned fruit very
rarely. The boss wants to get
back to the old dried fruit stand
ard. Recently the cook's order
was cut down to the minimum,
even cornflakes being out as being "too luxurious." What about
it, boys? Don't let the bosses cut
down on the quality of your "hay
and oats," even if the C.P.R. and
other employers are trying their
darndeet to bring in 20,000 Southern Europeans so as to reduce the
standard of living and make the
slaves more docile.
Must be plenty of work here,
because they work ten hourB a day
ln an endeavor to get it done as
soon as possible. Living tip-top—
ln price, that ls. 'Tis said that
man adapts himself to the needs
of his environment more quickly
than/any other animal. Doubtless
this accounts for the unusual number of small stomached people In
this district, due to    the    small
Gambler Island.
Twenty-seven men tn camp; all
in union. Working three donkeys, yarder, swing and roader.
Camp conditions are .fairly good;
bunkhouses are clean; single
bunks, but no blankets; bath
house. Board fairly good at $1.60
per day.
Wanted *— To    locate    Stanley
LEAR,  Kettle Valley.
(McFee A Campbell Camp)
Conditions rotten; bunkhouse
24x12x7.6 feet; only swept when
the men do It; never scrubbed; no
toilet; refuse from kitchen thrown
outside the door. Such are the
conditions to which the C.P.R. officials desire to bring 20,000 Southern Europeans because ex-service
and other men already in the
country refuse to put up with
(Bernard Bay Co.)
Good cook and flunkeys, but
nothing to use; double bunks;
bunkhouse never washed out more
than once a month; bath and
wash-room combined, but no hot
water*;, rustle your own wood if
you want to heat up; general conditions punk.
Will the member who loaned
112.25 on a watch to enable the
fellow-worker to pay his fare to
town from Dykes & Warren's
camp, Shoal Bay, please forward
the watch to the coast headquarters and receive the amount of
money loaned.
Green Lake
Cox &■ Verge—This firm has assigned.
Seattle.—An International metal
workers' union, Including all
workers now engaged in metal
crafts but split among the other
internationals, is being boomed by
Hope Lodge 79 of Machinists
which'has a committee at work
on the scheme In co-operation
with a similar move, in Milwaukee.
The piece work system is merely a -scheme on the part of the employers to determine to just what
an average worker can produce tn
a given length of time under'average working conditions.
In other words, the rate of pay.
which the workers receive is proportional  to  the  "socially necessary time" required - to perform a '
given amount of work,
The workers cannot raise their -
pay, whether they are paid by the '
piece or whether they reclve day
Seemingly, under certain conditions, such as organising them- *
slves Into unions, or when the demand for workers gets within
speaking distance of the supply,
wages go up; the worker is quickly
undeceived, however, when he exchanges his wages for the necessities of life.
What then, ft may be asked, is
the use of having unions? .. To
shorten the hours of work, to bet- ■
ttfr the working conditions, and
to fight that favorite weapon ot.
the employer of labor—discrimination.
We flnd, on examination, that
piece work haa a tendency, and a
very strong one, to lengthen hours
of labour, to make the workera
satisfied with the worst of condl- .
tions, and to degenerate a union
into a dues paying organization,
pure and simple.
Moreover, the loggers who vare
paid by the thousand (feet) board
measure, are completely at the
mercy of unscrupulous employers,,
so that they are compelled to take
their "scale" figures.
Nearly all other piece workers
can at least 'figure up" their pay
by the simple process of enumera.
The evils of the piece work system are too well known to justify
an extended sketch on the subject
Workers who wish to retain the
eight hour day should flght the
piece system consistently "In season and out of season."'
For, it is only by shortening
our hours of labour that we will
have time to devise ways and
means of carrying on production,
and distribution, when this Infamous system,- which in many parts
of the world ls In the throes of
dissolution  shall  have   collapsed. .
Buy at a unton store.
Do Your Bit Now!
THEEE are 46 workers, mott of whom have families,
. locked out at Taylorton, Bask., by the mining oompany because they belong to the 0. B. U. and attended
the meeting which Organizer Christopher was to have
addressed at Bienf ait, when he was run out of the country by the illegal act of a bunch of stools.
The Central Defense Committee has taken over the
looking after of legal assistance for- these men and Organizer Christophers.
Funds Are Needed Immediately
These men must be protected and their families must
not be allowed to starve.
Send funds direet to District Secretary, 196 Henry
Avenue, Winnipeg, or to James Law, Central Defence
Committee.  State if for maintainence or legal action.
SUtemtnt for June, 198S
Duet  .,.—-»..-.m.w—— ™«....f
Feei  - •—• — •———	
Delcg!tos' Remittance „.„|«6».80
Less Commluion tnd Expense! —._...    88.80
Winnipeg Defenie Fond
O. B. U. Buttons end Folders	
Bundry Collections  «...™..........-
Balance on hand Mty 3lit „.........-..».	
t   160.00
I- Expenditures:
Light and Telephone 	
Office supplies end postage  -  26.90
Organisation    -  66.00
Winnipeg Defend*  Fund   -  11.60
Pollutes' Expenses meeting Jnne 20th   94.70
Sundry Expenses   8-SS
Remitted to Headquarter*  960.46
Balanco on hand June 30th   1,602.11
'    ' Statement for May and June, 1920
1   Receipts:
Advance from Headquarter! ...
Balance on band Hay 81st .
Expend Itnrei:
Wagt! ......._„.	
Rent and Light  »	
Postage    -	
Balance on band June SOth .
$   232.26
...I 120.00
Statement ter June, 1920
9   232.26
Receipts t
Delegates'   Remittance
Less Commission and Expenses     18.65
Winnipeg Defence Fund  „        79,2.
Soviet Medical Fund 	
Miners'  Strike Fund 	
Fort Frances'   Strike 	
O. B. U. Bottom* and Foldrrs ....
Hospital   Fund    	
Bilnnre nn hnnd. l*n)on Funds
Bslnuce uu hnnd, Hospital Fund       285.00
Delegates'    Remittance    9 90.00
Lets Commission and Expenses  -     11.50
Balnnco un hand April 30th .
Advance to Searchlight .
Rent .
Offlce supplies and postage	
C. h. 0. per capita Tax for two months .
Remitted to Headquarters 	
Balance on hand June 3l'th 	
#8   641.91
Statement for June, 1620
Dues  8     66.00
Fees   7.00
Delegate!1 Remittance 8 41.60
Lesa Commission and Expenses       6.00
0. & U. Buttons .
Renl. Telephone anil Light """!".*"!*!"*""!I-."".
Office supplies and postage  „	
Winnipeg Defense Fund 	
Fort Frances'   Strike 	
Expenses re Convention 	
Sundry   Expenses  _,
Blclt Fund expenditure  „	
Balance on hand June SOth, Hick Fnnd 	
Balance on hand June 30th, Union Funds .
.9 25ft.00
.. 127.00
Statement for June, 1920,
Pees 9 23,00
Le.su Commission  »        8,00
alliance on hand May 31st .
»   230.00
Offlce supplies and postage .
Rent,  Telephone  and  Light   12.11
Organlutlon  88.70
Sundry  Expenses    H  18.99
Balance on hand June SOth    173.72
Fees ,
Statement  for  Jnne,   1920
Delegates' Remittance 	
Collections for Strike Fund	
0. B. C. Buttons and  Literature
Balance on hand May 31st 	
9   347.03
Rent and Light 	
Offlce  supplies  and   pottago  ....
Strike  Expenses   	
Sundry  Expense*   ,.	
Balance un hand June 30th .
Statement for June, 1920
Dues    9
Delegate!1   Remittance  $il68.69
Less. Commission nnd Expenses     09.05
Winnipeg Defense Fund 	
Convention   Assi••mint	
Hem received 	
0. ii. u, Butions. Fuldrrs nnd Literature .
Fort   t'raneis'   Strike  Fund  .
lln Inure on hand May 31st      581.67
Wnges    - 9   280.09
Kent   n        35.08
Offlce supplies and postage        41.74
Organixslion         168.41
Winnipeg  Defense Fund .
Fnrt Frances'   Strike 	
Expenses re Jarvl Case 	
Llternture. Telegrams, etc	
Remitted lo Headquarters 	
Balance on band Jnne SOth .
..     428.91 fAGEFOUR
twelfth yeab, n» at    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, a a
FRIDAY  July  30.  192*
published every Friday morning by The B. 0,
i Federationist, Limited
14. a  WELLS...
Office:   Labor Temple.  405 Donemuir Street
li Telephone Seymour 6871
Bubscribtion Bates:   United States and Foreign,
J3.00 per year; Canada, J2.50 per year, .1.60
.    tor six months; to' Unions subscribing ill a
r body, 16c per member per month,
Utilty sf Labor: lb* Hope of tke yorld
■FRIDAY July  30,  1920
RECOGNITION is everything to Lenin,
screams the headlines in the daily
press, and the joke of the whole thing is
that the capitalistic powers, while endea-
yoring to cover up their tracks, are recognizing Soviet Rus-
CONDITIONS NOT, sia. France, mili-
LENHf WILL taristic and - mad
BRING IT. with the war fever
still, has had to
climb down on a subterfuge, and Great
Britain is pledged to deal with the representatives of Soviet Eussia in order to
stave off the crushing of that jew-baiting
nation, Poland. While the capitalistic
nations are being compelled to recognize
.the new force of Soviet Russia, the advance of the Bolshevist idea is bewailed
by all capitalistic newspapers. Yards of
fcopy is daily written about the dangers
to modern civilization from the advance
of the new idea, and without logic, the
same newspapers point out how impossible it is for thc rest of the wotld to become imbued with the new idea, or rather
the putting into practice of an old idea
that has been slowly but surely permeating-the working clasa of the world for
' ■••....• • •
Just as the destruction of Feudalism
was bewailed by those that benefited ljy
that form of human slavery, the capitalists of the world are driven to desperation
in their fury against Soviet Russia because it has broken away from the orthodox capitalistic methods of production.
The spread of the new idea is not due so
much to propaganda on the part of .the
Soviet government, but rather to thc conditions that prevail in all capitalistic
countries, and the immense change that
has taken place in the conditions in Rus-.
sia, due to the adoption, in part, of the
Socialistic regime. That so much has been
a&complislied in Russia in spite of the efforts of the capitalistic nations to prevent
the soviet form of government succeed-
ing/has had a wonderful influence on the
minds of the members of the working
class, and Lenin knows that the success of
the new order in Russia, will eventually
mean that the Socialistic co-operative
commonwealth will be world wide. The
ruling class of the different capitalistic
nations also know this, and Lenin's success to them spells the destruction of the
syatem that gives them their position of
power and affluence. World conditions
brought about by the war, which was the
culminating folly of the capitalistic system, wil),iowever, be mueh more successful in spreading Socialism than all the
Lenins and Trotskys. It was the conditions in Russia that made the revolution
possible, and it will be the conditions in
Europe that will make revolutions in the
.various countries inevitable. The capitalist press and its masters' wailing will
ayail nothing; capitalism is slowly but
surely giving way to the' new order, and
nothing on earth can stop it, and whether
Soviet Russia succeeds at this time or not
.will not affect the final outcome. The
world will shortly be for thc workers and
the fruits of labor will go to those that
A LITTLE knowledge is a dangerous
' thing, and there are a good many
people who, having made some little study
of the Socialist philosophy, think that it is
possible to lay down some hard and fast
policy for the bringing
HO SET WAT about of the emancipate tion of the working
FREEDOM        class.   They would like
to have some plan
drawn up that must not bc deviated from.
In some cases they pin thcir faith to tho
formation of large industrial organizations, and'in others they would placo their
sole reliance in the ballot box. To take
the position that the abolition of the capitalistic system will bc brought about by
industrial action, or political action along
parliamentary lines, and that cither one
or the other of these lines of action alone
will bring tlie emancipation of the working class, would prove that those taking
that stand had left the scientific field,
and wandered into a maze of speculative
philosophy which will only lead to confusion,
* * *
Social forces do not>allOw of men making hard and fast rules as to thc line of
action they will take. Ruling class statesmen have found this out in recent days,
and no better example of this can do
found thon in the repeated changes of thc
tactics with regard to Soviet Russia,
"by the allied representatives, such
as Lloyd George and Millerand. History
supplies numerous instances of the folly
of speculative imaginations as to future
policy, thc forces which arc at work in
society will determine men's actions, and
hot men determine the direction of those
forucs. It must be the mission of the
working clnss to understand thc direction
that social forces are taking, and, understanding them, work in line with them,
so that the working class may achieve its
objective with as little trouble as possible.
* * *
The man who would have the workers
Bet in accord with a hard and fast policy,
has not yet realized the forces that are
working iu society. The idea of organizing to bring about thc fall of capitalism is
thc outcome of a lack of understanding,
not only of the present system, but of the
materialist's concection. or interpretation
of history. As the material conditions
of the people determine, society moves
along. And the matorial conditions of the
people will determine the actions they
will take at any given time! No matter
how any workers' organization is formed,
if it is on definite lines, the members of
that organization will realize that those
lines will have to be extended or modified
as conditions warrant. The breaking
away of the trades unionist all over the
world from the orthodox, and now obsolete methods and formulas of the old
craft unions, demonstrates this necessity,
and the wheels of fortune and charts of
the strictly industrial unionists, must also
give way to the necessity of the moment
as the material conditions determine
Even the individual employers, and the
groups of employers, no matter how
strong their organizations, are but the
puppets of the big financial interests, and
the financial interests are in the grip of
the social forces that the present system
has set in motion. The employers of
labor, the captains of industry, are compelled to carry on>or cease production as
these interests moved and dominated by
the social forces determine.
These interests say production shall
eease, and it ceases, and millions are
thrown on the unemployment market to
starve, because it iff no longer profitable
for production to be carried on. The hard
and fast ruler, like the anarchist, would
ignore the social forces that are at work
in modern society. They would organize
to achieve a certain purpose along certain
lines, no matter whother those lines would
fit in with the development of the Bystem
or the forces which that system sets in
motion. Tlie industrial actionist that
would ignore politieal aetion, even though
it be along the lines of parliamentarism,
is just as foolish as the man who believes
in strictly ballot box action. The two
wings of the working class activities,are
part and parcel of the same movement,
and to draw the line where one begins,
and 'where the other leaves off, in these
days, is nonsensical. The activities of the
workers in the old land and in Europe,
through their industrial, organization
along political lines, demonstrates the
folly of attempting to lay down anjc policy
for the future. The only real policy for
the working class is one of education, and
that policy being carried out effectively,
will place "the workers in the position that
they can act intelligently when thc moment for action is determined, not_ by
men, but by the soeial forces that capitalism has developed. Knowledge is power,
and no power on earth can resist it. Labor
must acquire that power, the rest will be
easy. Organization, without knowledge,
will be of as much value as a ship without
a rudder, and can only drift into confusion and muddle.. The ruling class is evidently able to do all the muddling these
days; it behoves the workers to see that
they, too, do not make confusion worse
THERE are still a large number of
people that have the opinion that the,
taxation of land values will cure all the
ills from whieh modern society suffers.
There are others that are of the opinion
that taxes are unjust, and
WHERE that if they were removed all
IT TAKES would be well. Of course
PLAOE.       those that object to taxes are
those that think they "pay"
them. Just recently the British House of
Commons repealed the land values taxation legislation. Those that advocated
these taxes were disappointed with the
results, and, those that approved them
found that they did not affect the position very much-if at all. It is the same1
with all taxes. They neither aid or retard
the position of the people that produce
the world's wealth. They may make
those that have to hand them over to the
tax collector sore, but, that is about all,
and that is because they do not underttand.
¥ » •
All wealth is. produced by human labor
applied to machinery and raw materials.
Gold in the hills is not wealth until labor
is applied to it and makes it available for
use. Land has no value where there are
no workers to exploit. Trees which are
potental lumber have no value if labor
cannot be applied to thc cutting of them
down and manufacturing them into-timber or other commodities. The tax which
the government places on timber limits
docs not affect the logger or the saw mill
worker. Thc thing that does affect them
is the fact that they are robbed as producors. That is all that concerns them,
thcir exploitation under tho present system. If there is need of proof that taxes
do not affect the workers' position and
make them worse off, it need only be
pointed out that thc members of the cm-
ploying class pay more taxes in a year
than the average member of the working
elass pays in a lifetime. The same applies to the idea that the people are
robbed as. consumers. Thc employing
class consumes more per capita than the
workers, and if thc robbery took place at
the point of consumption, then wo should
soon sec the robbery stopped. But it does
not; there is only onc point at which the
workers are exploited, and that is at the
point of production. Slaves were never
robbed as taxpayers or consumers. They
are robbed of the right to live and the
product of their toil by the present slave
systojn, and only the abolition of that will
bring relief to the world's dispossessed.
WHILE thero may not be much satisfaction to tho scientific Socialist in
thc election of labor men to the different
provincial legislatures, yet it is a sign of
progress. It is a sign that the working
class is slowly but
WHERE WILL IT surely brcakingaway
END IS THE from   the  old  idea
QUESTION that  workors  could
not bc sufficiently
endowed with brains to sit in the legislative halls of the country. Ontario was
first, Manitoba came noxt, and now Nova
Scotia has joined in the procession, and
the ruling class politicians are wondering
just where it will end. While not wishiifcj
to assume the role of prophets, we desire
to say that it will end in the workers
recognizing that the way to freedom doei
not lie in electing labor men, but in undert
standing the system under which the!
working class suffers slavery in its'worst
form. It will lead to the workers reco©
nizing that it is impossible for them to
make capitalism work to their benefit),
and that to change it they must end it
for a rotten tree cannot bear good fruit,
and capitalism is rotten with its own corruption, and its end is near, and
the workers are slowly but surely recognizing that fact. The end will be bitter
to the ruling class, but the sweet fruits of
victory will be for the workers, •
Churchill's Intrigues
Against Russia
Some Editorial Comments From the Old Land.
Tho part that brains plays in making
money could not be better illustrated than
by the case of J. W. O'Bannon, who was
recently   declared   to   be   incompetent.
O'Bannon is a New Tork millionaire, and
during the 52 days he was confined to
the Riverdale sanitarium he made $2,000,-
000. Dr. John D. Quackenbos, an eminent
specialist in nervous diseases, commenting
on the case, said in part, as follows:
Money making in itself does not
imply or require the possession of
gigantic intellect.  It is as specialized
a faculty as the ability to play the
violin or to play chess.   We read of
infant  prodigies  who  are  musical
wonders or marvels at chess, but they
seldom at maturity show a normal,
well-rounded intellect.
"More than one rich man, I have no
hesitation in saying, is much inferior
intellectually to his chauffeur.
"Many a man has made money in
Wall Street simply as the result of
. blind luck.   I have yet to see that
the acquisition of wealth requires the
use of extraordinary intelligence."
It is not by brains that men become
rich, but througji the system that gives
them the opportunity of oither direotly or
indirectly exploiting slaves.  Many slaves
still believe tlmt the ruling 61&ss owes its
position to the brains that its members
possess, whereas it is really due to flic
stupidity of the working class in allowing
the exploitation to continue.
The Germans are getting in bad again.
They are accused of stooping to deception
in matters of trade. Of course, no other
nation does anything Hike that. Why,
pcture postcards, made in Germany, were
sold in England during the war and *ff.tji
were distinctly marked made in Germany.1
Cutlery was sold in the U. S. A. during:
the same period, and knives and such likfi
were sold in that country, with a madfi in
Sheffield mark on the one side and made
in Germany on the other. Of course, thope
who sold this1 kind of cutlery had no/tie»
sire to fool the purchasers, it was a GerJ
man trick. ' u jj
It has been suggested in the local press
that if the German miners refuse to dig
coal*to be exported to France, that }\
would be gobd policy to give themu ty
eight-hour day and see that they are well
fed; the suggestion also being made that
it would be cheaper than sending an army
to make them work. There is an old say-
ing'that charity begins at home, and if
the Allied governments saw that their
own. workers were well fed, it might solve
a iSt of the troubles they already have in
compelling tlieir own coal miners to work
on starvation wages.
The B. C. Division of the Navy League
of Canada, has sent us some press agent
stuff with a request for publicity. Not
being in business for the purpose of training boys for future wars and realizing
that the purpose of the Navy League is to
perpetuate that militaristic and junker
spirit which so many men died on the battle fields of France and Flanders to destroy, we cannot see our way to aid the
Navy League in its "work."
Mayor Clark, of Edmonton, has carried
on a fight against the imprisonment of
Russell and his comrades in and out of
season. His latest move was to present
a resolution calling for the release of the
imprisoned labor men at fhe convention of
the Union ' of Canada Municipalities.
Mayor Gray, of Winnipeg, should sit at
the feet of Joe and learn his little lesson.
, Or course there is to be no more wars,
but it would appear as if there was a good
sized one looming up in the offing. TUie
U. S. A. is getting peeved at Japan, and
the Japs are getting hysterical. In the
event of war breaking out between these
two nations, wo wonder what it will be
fought for. More democracy likely, the
U. S. A. is strong for democracy.
The Vancouver Sun wants to know just
why thc Royal Canadian Mounted Police
has to securo recruits from the old land
instead of in this country. Perhaps thp
Winnipeg trials and thc Russian deportation cases have something to do with the
reluctance of the home grown youths to
become connected with the mounties.   '
The greatest tribute that the cajjital-
*ic press ever paid Bob Smillie was paid
a local paper when it described him as
'    arch enemy of capital." \%
General Ludendorff would raise an
army of a million and a half to fight the
Bolsheviki in Russia. "Winston ChurchiH,
who carried on a private war of his oWh
with British troops against Soviet Russia,
would no doubt like to join forces with
the militaristic German. Birds of a feather are usually to be found together, but
the surest way to start a real honest to
God revolution would be for the mad
rulers of a mad world to start any such
programme. While thoae that fought
against Germany to kill militarism may
not think that such a scheme could be attempted, it should be remembered that
nothing is too bad or fantastical for a
crazy ruling class to start.
A few more Churchills would help- the
Socialist movement a whole lot. It is a
pity the different British countries cannot
find a few more like hini.
THE following editorial comments on the Churchill disclosures from The Daily Her-
aid, and The Manchester Guardian
will give some indications of the
feelings ln Great Britain on the
trickery of Winston Churchill and
the part he played as a counter
revolutionist. They are especially
interesting when lt is remembered
that nothing has appeared in the
local press about the charges made
by The Herald, which has ihe following to say:
The facts revealed by the document which we publish this morning constitute as damning un indictment as was ever brought
against a Minister of State.
Mr. Churchill stands accused, not
merely of blundering and incompetence, but of as grave political
crimes as a responsible statesman
can commit.
General Golovin's report shows
the Secretary for War engaged, behind the backs of his colleagues, ln
a conspiracy with the agents of a
foreign Government for placing the
armed forces of this country at the
disposal of a foreign ruler.
"I am myself carrying out Kolchak's .orders" Is the phrase In
whloh Mr. ChurchiH damns himself
That is ln itself a confession of high
treason. Mr. Churchill, the paid and
sworn servant of thc people of this
oountry, was last year taking .hnd
carrying out the orders of the Dictator of Siberia.
No Formal Treason.
It was no'merely formal treason.
Mr. Churchill, carrying out Kolchak's orders, sent British soldiers
to their deaths in the snows of
Archangel and on the steppes of
Southern Russia. And he covered
his crime by an elaborate and ingenious web of deceit.
He lied to his colleagues, he lied
to Parliament, he lied to the public. He called for volunteers to
make 'possible the evacuation of
Archangel. And at the same time
he arranged with Kolchak's emls.
saries that these volunteers should
be used for wanton attack upon
the Soviet Republic, and that the
evacuation should be definitely
postponed. He agreed with these
emissaries to send troops to aid
General Denikin, and to pretend
to his colleagues that they were
only going out as "instructors."
He plotted to join in a Finish attack on Petrograd. He agreed to
the use of the Red* Cross for the
purpose of organizing a White Army from Russian prisoners In Fin.
land.   * „ , __
All in Secrecy.
. All this he did In the utmost
secrecy, scarcely daring to meet
his fellow-conspirators, anxious a-
bove everything to hide' the truth
from his fellow-Ministers, aud especially from the Prime Minister.
These revelations are the key to
the whole of our Russian "policy"
last year, Mr. Churchill, obsessed
by illusions, feeble in judgment,
headstrong, unscrupulous, was carrying on, wtth British troops and
British money, i campaigns devised
and determined not by the 'British
Government, but by Admiral Kolchak. He was placing, so far as
lay in his power, the resources of
this country at the disposal of this
ambitious adventurer. And to
cover It all, he was lying, lying,
This is no offence that can be
passed over. It ls not an offence
that can be purged by resignation.
For lt ls no ordinary •political misdemeanour. It is—as we have said
—nothing more or less than high
treason. It ls a case for impeachment.
The indictment is clear. Mr.
Churchill must answer it. And he
Bhould answer it at the bar of the
House of Commons as a man accused of a capital crime.
Manchester Guardian Hot.
The Manchester Guardian is not
a whit less outspoken ln its condemnation of the Russian Intrigue
and has the following to say:
Departing from the habita of a
life-time, Mr. Churchill seems to
be shunning publicity: On Monday
nlgh$ when taxed with his strange
communications with the Russian
Tsarist agents, he let Mr. Law
answer for him. When given, on
Tuesday, another' chance of clearing himself, he briefly confessed
that he had no improvement to
offer on Mr. Law's unsuccessful
excuses. Later, when the Speaker
had decisively rescued him from
the dangers of an Immediate, debate, Mr. Churchill said he was
not afraid of one. But that was a
little late: we can all face dead
tigers. We cannot contend that
tho Speaker's ruling was technically wrong. No doubt a matter of
"urgent" publio Importance must
be distinguished from a matter
simply of extreme publie Importance, as being a matter In which
a declaration of the will of the
House   of  Commons Is likely  to
have an instant effect on some sort
of immediate public action In the
particular matter proposed for de.
bate. And we must "of course be
on guard lest precedents set In the
present un-national and almost anti-national Parliament should place
new weapons in the hands of reactionary obstructionists in a future
Parliament representing the nation and eager to get on with its
work. But of the extreme publie
importance, at any rate, of the recent disclosures there can be no
d'iubt, and the recollecti' a of them
must always in future rise up between Mr, Churchill and the minds
of the electors whenever he professes to be taking the electors Into
hia confidence. That he can play
them tricks behind their bucks and
carry on very Imperfectly loyal secret secret intrigues, at their expense, with the agents of a foreign
revolutionary conspiracy is a fact
that must hereafter recur unpleasantly to the mind when hts frequent pose of extreme democratic
candour ia most elaborate.
The Diary.
The effect of the main disclosure Is not lessened by the contents
of a document from whioh extras are published In Tuesday'*
"Dally Herald.'' It Is described as
a summary of the "Monthly War
Diary ef the British Military Mission in Siberia," and we presume
it has become publio In Russia
through the capture of a copy by
Russian troops in the field. The
diary, if authentic, proves once
more the ten times proved fact that
Mr. Churchill was still trying to
involve us further In war with Rus.
sia last year at a date when he
was professing to be only intent
on cutting our losses. there. Sl$
Henry Wilson, of the War Office,
and General Knox, Chief of the
British Military Mission in Siberia,
also appear In a light that will not
increase their popularity, as pushing and mischief-making politicians
maneoveriug to entangle England
further in the Russian morass and
taking upon themselves functions
whloh would be strictly confined
to the Foreign Office if the Prime
Minister had his house In order.
Sir Henry Wilson, not a highly
successful commander in the field,
but a nimble and restless brain, a
persuasive talker and *a born politician, has always seemed to find
a difficulty In conforming to the
British military tradition of abstention from politics. General
Knox would seem to have so far
forgotten any such restraint as,
foj example, to wire a request to
the War Offlce to have the "Manchester Guardian" prevented from
opposing last year the Russian
gamble which everyone deplores
now. But it Is a less serious mat-
Tor that these two officers should
forget their places than that Mr.
Churchill should have forgotten his
And as long as we are still so much
as 100,000,000 short of solvency,
none of us is likely to forget that
this is what, at the lowest, Mr.
Churchill's Intrigue with the Russian Whites cost ua, in money
In "Tlie Kremlin tt Moscow"
nee. Samurai MM
"A Light in the lark"
Br Herbert Bashford
Feat urine
Kdytho Elliott and
Chnrlos E. Royal
It) his original Swede Character part".
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Funerals ol Dignity at Ealr
Fairview: Office and Chapel,
2398 Oranvllle Street.
Phone Bay 3200.
North Vancouver: Office and
Chapel, 122 Sixth St. W.
Phone N. V. 184.
Mount Pleasant:   Office and
Chapel, 2128 Main St.
Phone Fairmont 68.
Men's Striped Ribbed Overalls,
per pair  »2,00
_fc 1	
Men's   Combination   Overalls,
per pair .....'.'. $5.00
Men's Working Shirts S1.25
Men's Dress Shirts 11.25
Men's .Black Twill Shirts $1.60
Just received
a shipment of
Bob Long's
Men's    Heavy    Duck    Pants.
'   double seats $1.00
Men's Pants, up from >3,50
Men's Broncho .3aunt1et3.Jl.0O
Men's Straw Hats any old price
J. B. Stetson Hat3...* $9.00
Men's Work Hats from....$1.5Q
Men's Blue Suits 925.00
18 and 20 OORDOVA ST. WEST and 444 MAW ST.
Fountain Pens
Those aro the popular makes we oarry and yod ran have
youn pick of numerous styles ln each.
Como in anil let us help you select the nib that suits yon.
We Uke much pains—and equally as much pleasure—to
show our Fountain Pons, believing aa we do that from
among the muny models shown we oan gratify every taste.
"The House of Diamonds'1
480-486 OranviUe Streot, at Corner Pender
Excellent quality, perfect tilting,     correct     articulation,
pleasing;  appearance,  skilled
attention, features of dentistry ftt the offices of
Dr. Gordon CampbeD
lintel Num*
Ope* ttvcatMra.
In Attendance.    I
a, Tisett Hiie.    j
Granville Street
Canter Robson Street
Over Owl Drag Storo
Pfaono Seymour U|8
Phone Fairmont dOit
Heir Meltreues BeHede, Bu gulano
Re-Pphotitand, Oeihlo™ b^SSB
end Made to Order, Bab, Carriaies
Ke<Cov.r,d and Retired.
8W» Oaarasrelal Hrlve, Vuconnr.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
845 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Opposite the Orpheum
Matinee -
Blag np none Beymour uu f ot
Dr. W.J. Curry
Kite Ml Dominion BnlMlif
Honrni 10 to 11.90 a.m.. 0 to 9.10 pja,
ra.    Evening! bjr Appointment.
Pbene Bay. a. y. tu.
Isaac Poole
Graduate p. a. c.
Sulla TM VorMi Wo* Trust Ildf.
There's the Telephone
Promptness la answering ihe tile*
phone Is a mark of courtesy shown
the Ciller. It is alio a help to the tp*
ei#tnr tor it enablu her to couplet*
the cell and to give her attention to
Telephone calls ihould Ire answered
promptly, for sometime! the cellini
■person douo not wait tnd "lungs up.
11 this happen*, the subscriber wko
fall been celled should not blame the
operator when ihe Mka him to "ex-
cuse It, please,"
Phone Sey. 821     Dty or Kigtt
Nunn, Thomson ft Olegf
631 Homer St  Vancouver, & a
mo oeoriu nml |
Sudor eeivlees, 11 i.m. and 7.90 pm
Sunday ichool' immediately followtaa
morniw service. Wednridar teatlmoald
meeting, 8 p.m. Froo reading room,
0O1.QO9   Blrri  Bids.
Onion OBclali, writo lor prlcee.   Wt
Mln tt* Crowd la tta
Patricia Cabaret
One blook eut of Empreie Theatre
SMITH, B. LOVE and tbe am
Interpret Ibe Meet seal UU. et-
elited br. Tbe Bieaii Sua Beat
Marie, I p.n. to l
H. N. Nugent £ Co.
Tents and Awnings, Carpenters', Aprona and Overalls, Pants
and extra clothing, Lonnshore-
men'a Hooka, etc. Estimates
given on all canvas work,
Vaneonvsr, B. 0,
Phone Sey. 4541
Pbone Ser. 7337 er Sep. 71801
Oonioientloue Work.   A Perfect Spina
Meini l'orfoot Heeltfa.    Eight Tears
experience. r
Hoan:   10 to 11 em., 2 to 6 p.m. aad
br appointment.
113 OrenTiUo Street (Oer. Haitian)
' Snlte 7.
M.F. EBY,B.A.,M.E.
Swedlih Huiwe, Radiant Hoet and
Electrical Treatments of 111 kinds.
Pbone Ber 3770L.   Hours 1 to 0 aal
0)0 BBOADWAY WEST (Oer. Oak)
Take Belt Line Oar
Phone Sep. 1173. P. Pearson
Hut nnd Cold Water—Steam Heat—
ltouini   Under New  Management.
Buffet ud Lunch Counter lo Connection,
Mako yonr home there whilo In tow*.
In thit dark hour whon sympathy and
west service count sn much—call np
Mount Plemnt Undertaking Co.
Phono Falnnont 58
Prompt Ambulance Servico FRIDAY July  »0.  1920
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
Men's Palm Beach Suits, Flannel, Khaki ahd White Duck
-Trousers; Golf Coats and Suits; Delpark Combinations,
the coolest summer underwear known.
Men's and Boys'- Clothing and Furnishings
Two Stores;
Boston (New Tork Bureau.)—
General unemployment In the textile and leather Industries Is reflected In the returns to the labor
division-at the state house from all
parts of the state. In. Haverhill,
Brockton and Lynn, shoe manufacturing centres, the payrolls have
been cut ln half, and the tanneries
are in a similar condition.
New Tork, N. Y.—The merging
of the joint board of the children's
clothing trades Into the New York
joint board of Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America has been
ratified by delegates repressing
the 70,000 workers ,of the trades
Patronise Fed. advertisers.
The National Park
Bowen Island
and the Popular All-Day Sail
toSquamish      .   ii
Steamers   leave   at   9:15   a.m,
daily  and   10:30   a.m.   Sunday
(new   time).   On   Wednesdays
_ and  Saturday,  at   2   p.m.  for
Bowen Island direct. Bowen Island offers to the pleasure seeker
flrst-class hotel accommodation, boating, canoeing, tennis*
stream, lake, and salt water Ashing, and sandy bathing beach.
Union Dock—Phone Seymour 63S0
Permnnent Secretary In-
stalled—Organizer is
Also Appointed.
The Prince Rupert Central Labor
Council has now installed a paid
secretary-treasurer on full time,
the increase of membership and
consequent accumulation ot^detall
business making suoh a change Imperative. An organizer has been
despatched on a t§jy of the northern mining "districts with iii&M0-
tlona \to get the mining camps,
which are overwhelming O- B. u,
on a properly organized basis In
preparation for the miners' convention, which wlU be called at the
earliest possible moment after that
ts accomplished. The late spring,
which has delayed the opening of
many mines at Stewart, la responsible for*the faot that the call hae
not been Issued before, aa It ls desirable that the men on the job
should have aa full a representation
as possible, which could not be effected until the mines were operating. All concerned aro therefore
requested to do all In their power
to aid in the accomplishment of the
organizer's mission by getting down
to business in electing their' camp
delegates and grievance committees
and deciding on the instructions to
their delegates to the convention,
(Anyox, take notice.) In view ot
the heavy expense entailed by the
appointment of the sec retary-tre a
surer and Organizer Saskie, members are requested to lighten the
financial burden as much as possible by liberal payments of dues
and elimination of hotel expenses
of the organizer as far as possible.
The first item applies particularly
to the membership in the city of
Prince Rupert, who have been very
lax in attendance at the meetings
of units and the council since the
advent of the fine weather, as well
as In paying dues,
The Increase of membership has
rendered necessary the installation
of a card-index system of records,
the standard system of /he O. B. U.
being unsuitable for the scheme of
organization In effect under the
Prlnee Rupert Central Labor Coun
cil, by which all funds of afflliated
units are centralized. In future, all
folders for new members will be is-
sued from this office. Delegates
who have any unsuert folders on
hand aro therefore requested to return them to N. Booth, Secretary-
Treasurer, Box'217, Prince Rupert
This is necessary to the operation
of the card index system, as the
file number of each new member
has to be written on his folder
when It is issued. Camp delegates
are also requested to make out a
list of the members in their camps,
Large Hall for Meetings
For terms apply J. B. OAMPBELL, 804 Pender St. W.
Phone Seymonr 291
Read, Learn and
Inwardly Digest
Judge Metcalfe's Charge to Uie Jury In the Russell Trial, u
compared with CAVE ln Rex Ta. BURNS, ENGLAND, IMS.
Russell Trial and Labor s Rights
Examination and statement of Law, and Review of Justice Metcalfe's Charge to the Jury, ln Trial of R. B. Russell, at Win-
nipeg, December, 1910.
Prices for the above pamphlets are as under:—
Bundle orders, (5.00 per 100 copies, SSe per dozen copies;
single copies 10c each.   Freight and postage extra. i
Two in One
Acknowledged to be the most eloquent and historic, address ever
delivered In. the courts of Manitoba.
Bundle orders, $18 per 100 copies, 95.00 per 25 copies; single
topics, 25c each.   AU charges prepaid.
To ensure a copy of tbe above pamphlets, placi your orders
early with James Law, Secretary ef the Defense Committee,
Room 4, 220 Bannatyne Avenue.
Single copies can be obtained ln Vancouver at the Federatlonist Office.
to the office. The lists will be returned with the file numbers inserted, which they will please write
under the printed number on the
folder of each member. In future,
collections of dues, after this Is accomplished, the flle number must
be quoted on the receipt Issued as
well aa the folder number. This
applies also to the delegates ln
Prince Rupert.
The system adopted Is as near
that used by the L. W. I. U. as Is
possible, - in view of the fact that
the official receipts are not Issued
from the office but by the dele
gates, but the system of flle-num
berlng adopted ts such that it will
not carfie confusion with that of
the L. W. I. U. It ls a pity that the
O. B. U. did not adopt the system
of the L. W. I. U. in tlieftrst place,
as It Is much more efficient nt\.
easy of reference than the present
one In use, at least for a large
membership, and the C. L. C. has
in the neighborhood of 1100 names
on file.
The debts Incurred ln taking over
and furnishing the headquarters in
Prince Rupert are gradually being
liquidated, but bills to be met still
total $208,00, In addition to the
rent, and salary of tho secretary-
treasurer, which are a standing
charge of $240.00 a month. The
expenses seems heavy at first
glance, but when It is considered
that under the old scheme of organization each affiliated body was
paying rent and incurring expenses
on its own account, with a duplication of officers and supplies and
other expenses incidental to all la
bor organizations, which dupllca
tion Is now eliminated, It can be
viewed tn Its prober proportion to
tho number of members affiliated,
When all the debts Incurred ln furnishing and alterations are paid,
and allowing for rents .collected
from tenants of a portion of the
building, the expense of running
the headquarters will be In the
neighborhood of $200 a month
which, with an Increasing membership, Is an Item that need cause no
concern. It Is the finest hall In
Prince Rupert, with a good dancing
floor, available to bo rented for
dances and public meetings for revenue purposes, and for "affiliated
labor bodies free of charge. For
^convention purposes It will be excellent. The job Immediately ahead
International Ban kerf
Have Started Another
Wat in Syria
By Mai Worth       •   - J
European Staff Writer the Federated Press.
Paris.—The drama of the l^ear
East continues to unfold. It Is the
old drama of flnanolal Imperialism
in a new garb of International mandatories.
Tbe French Chamber, by a vote
of 178 ifl ti, gRProye^ the policy M
the government in its prosecution
of the.war in Syria. Thus, without
the sanction of the League of Nations, and without any necessity for
the spreading of democracy in the
Near East, the war has recommenced by an official vote In tnat
yew nation which took the lead In
saving the world from German
Why is this?
A part of the answer is given by
Pierre Brizon In the current Issue
of La Vague. "No sooner was the
war finished," he writes, "than on
January 2, 1919, there was organized tho Bank of Syria. Capital:
ten millions; general office, Paris;
agencies, Marseilles, Beyrouth in
the Levant. At the head a banker,
Felix Varnes, of the great hank of
Vernes & Co., Paris. Among the
directors the great Catholic banker,
Lehideux." ,
Brizon names some of the other
directors who have their connections wfth all of the leading bank?
itig circles of high finance in Paris.
"Do you think," he demands, "that
these men will prove to be enemies
Of »colonlal expeditions?" "What
does It matter," he continues, "if
the peasant and the worker pa/ the
bill up Into the billions? It Is bf
little consequence that 70,000 tvork-
ers are being employed yonder in
this new corpse factory, as soldiers."
The political connections oE the
Bank of Syria are no less significant than its economic connections.
Brizon shows that it is affiliated,
through its directors with powerful
influences in the Chamber of
Deputies, in the Colonial Office, In
the Senate, and also iu the ministry
itself. "You see, in Syria," Brizon
'concludes, "seventy thousand sol*
diers; in Morocco, eighty-six thou-,
said soldiers; in the great way,
eleven millions of dead. It ls HkOi lo Led
the exterior boulevards of Parift+nnl|jiir
At midnight they kill there fonri)
north Is to clear off the debt asj
soon as possible,* so that the revenue can be expended in extend-
By John Nicholas Belfe).
Stiff Correspondent The Federated
Butte, Mont.—Twice in Itf crimson hlstpry Butte b&. been deserted
—when gold and -silver In paying
quantities in turn petere^ put.
After the secqnd abandonment
new processing methods wfere introduced into"tjiy'fffefi* copper
Vas maiie the big haul, and 'tlie
town £aS colored'
But now tt mt\Y be abandoned
again—for the endurance of th?
brawn-men who actually produce
the shining wealth for the John D.
Ryan crow.1 Is also petering gut.
These jvorkers have withstood all
the terrible punishment meted out
to the automatons who do tho
fighting in wars—the denial of the
right to use their thinking apparatus, the starving and mutilation of
their bodies, the taking of their
pince the Anaconda Road massacre on April 21, 7600 persons
hove left Butte. And this outward
stream continues steadily. Water
company reports show that water
has been turned off In 3000 homes
In recent weeks. Empty stores
make the business section resemble
a being with missing teeth. In
muny of the windows of these vacated places appears an Ironic sign
bearing the Insignia of the Chamber of Commerce and the words:
"Make Butte a Better City."
. During the war as many as
15,000 men were worked at one
time In the Butte mines. "Were
worked" is the official phrase here;
the diggers are spoken of as if they
were so many truck-horses. *. . .
All the miners struck on April 19
for a living wage and tolerable
working conditions. The Anacoiu
da answered those demands op
April 21 with gun-men and massn-
cre. Next day the troops enme at
the Anaconda's call. After a professional inquest jury had whitewashed the thugs of • blame, the
miners changed their methods—-
transferred the Btrike to the job—?
a strategy which won all that the
lumberjacks In the Northwest ask-
<3rt in 1917.
Back on the job, the miners have
the    potent    slow-down
policy, aiming to enforce their demands by wearing out the enemy.
'[Production of ore ' has   been   de-
   greased   enormously,   despite   the
of the O.'B. U. movement in *h4Bltort of the AnaP°nda to brihS «n
rJaborers from Chicago and Seattle.
Two dollars per head Is paid for
these men to the employment
sharks who recruit strikebreakers
in thos? cities, and transportation
Dmgless Healing
lBUi Fleor.  Standard Bank
Cwnir Blohardi ud Hsstings
Phwm:    Say. 60S High. 21S4L.
If you sre In need of Tndlfs ternm
we have it to five. W» use every appliance, electrical and otherwise, erery
system or method med l»r anyone any-
whfre for the relief of aiifferins. It
pays to INVESTIGATE. Everyone la
welcome to do ao.
To anyone carrying a paid-up union
card a rebate of Sti per cent, off my
currant ratea.
in the district. m\
In addition to the convention ot;
the miners projected, efforts will
be made to have one for the Fisheries and Water Products Industrial
Unit during the fair week in Sep-1
tember. Assisted by about 40 gas-
boats belonging to salmon trollers,
who advertised It by handbills in
all the canneries and on the river,
a meeting wus held in Port Essing-
tpn on Saturday, July 3, which was
attended by representatives of the
workers in all the canneries. The
majority of those attending were
Indians, but we had the services of
an excellent interpreter, and good
progress was made. The situation
is too complicated to be solved satisfactorily without long and careful
negotiations, as both Indians and
Japanese have their own organizations in whose name* the negotiations are carried on which settle
the price of the fish for the season,
but evidence was not lacking that a
better form of organization would
be welcomed by both Indians and
Japanese. The Indian women particularly are in sore need of a
change. They work in the canneries, forming the great majority,
and doing the most necessary work
of cleaning the fish and rilling the
cans, but for cleaning they.get only
30c an hour, straight time at that,
standing ln the wet and wet from
neck to heels all the time. On the
Alaskan side, a few miles away, the'
rate paid for this work Is BOc an
hour. In spite of the fact tlmt the
Indian organization on the Skopna
has a reverend parson for Its secretary, nothing whatever has been.
done to better the condition of
these victims of the Industry, nnd
the urgent nei-CKSity of doin? something soon for the women, was
drawn to the attention of the Indians present, who admitted their
shortcomings in this respect. A
word of appreciation can well be
inserted here in regard to our reception by the Indians. They expressed themselves well pleased
with the Interest manifested by the
O. B. U. tn their problems, and
asked for further action, In view of
next season's work. Regret was expressed that we had not started before to organize the river, but it
was pointed out to them that the
start of the season was the only
time ln which it was possible to
meet them as a body, and future
arrangements could be made for
perfecting the organization after
the season was over, if they were
willing to co-operate. Future meet*-
ings for the rest of the season wtll
probably take the form of delegates
from each .cannery, whose duty It
will be to devise ways and means
of laying the foundation of an efficient organization. In that task we
have eofldence In the hearty co-op'
eration of the Indians. The Japanese have yet to declare themselves,
On July 8 the council elected the
officers for the ensuing term. Noel
Bflyth was elected Secretary-Treasurer; F. Shaw, Chairman; Alex.
McLeman, Vice-Chairman; J. H,
Burrough, Assistant Secretary; an
Executive Committee and an Educational Committee. The new Executive starts out with * formidable
programme of work ahead, but
with the ungrudging assistance of
the rank and rile It can be cleaned
up in good shafpe. The local city
membership can kelp materially by
mora regular attendance at the
meetings of Units and Oonneil, living the officers the benefit of their
experlenoe and advice, and paying
more attention te remitting their
.dues' regularly. Tke outside mem-
Worship needs no suoto reminder.
New Tactics
furnished free. ,_^^_^__
. "In the last year," says a mining
engineer employed by one of the
big local properties, "efficiency In
the Butte mines has been decreased GO per cc{»t„ and In the next six
months, if this trend does not stop,
it will be decreased 25 per cent.
Opposed to the efforts of John D.
Ryan's lieutenants to recruit miners
elsewhere Is a vivid poster Issued
by the Butto Building Trades Council and sent to labor unions in every
city where such recruiting might
be attempted.
"Stay Away from Bloody Butte"
Is the heading of this poster, and
the headlines drip red splashes
across the text, of the warning.
"Twenty workers were shot down
ln cold blood by the hired assassins of the Anaconda Copper Com,-
puny on April 21," the poster narrates. "In the guise of deputy
sheriffs, and In the company of
thcir employers, these men performed their dastardly deeds.
"The constituted authorities of
the city and county—tho sheriff, his
regular deputies and uniformed police—not only stood passively by
watching the slaughter of the innocent workers, but several of
them actually participated in the
"The workers; peaceably and
quietly picketing avenues of approach to their former places of
employment and acting strictly
within tho law, were, mowed down
by the incarnate friends hired for
this purpose. Workers alone being
shot, no arrests have been made.
Tears of orphans and widows are
falling where lately flowed the
blood of their loved ones.
"Workers, keep away from
bloody Butto, lest you be the next
victim. . . . Workers here are
withdrawing their funds from the
city's banka. Bankruptcy is stalking the merchants of Butte. . . .
Stand by the miners hero by staying away  from  thiB  community."
Hundreds ArreBted in U.
S. Have Now Been
(By Nate L, Welch)
Staff Correspondent the Federated
Detroit,  Mich.—But  few  of  the
.many  hundred  alien   radicals  ar
[rested in the sensational raids con
ducted under tho supervision of Attorney-General Palmer, are still in
custody at Fort Wayne.    The majority have been released on bail,
pending the decision of the Wash
\ ing Department, and many more
were released because there wasn't
n scintilla of evidence to prove they
engaged in or Intended to engage
ln illegal activity.
Detroit ha* been heralded far
and wide as one of the big "Red"
centres ln the country. Local and
outside newspapers carried hair
thrillers of the discoveries made hy
the department of justice agents,
which have now been proven to be
a fiasco. The predicted "revolt"
did not only fall to materialise, but
the majority of the revolutionists
were found to bo  of the   mildest
Triple Alliances of Capital
and Labor In Hard
Scrap.   V '
(By Helen Auger)
Staff Correspondent the Federated
New York (N. Y. pureau)—TM
country's railroads are plunging
Into the "open shop" fight head
over heels.
The fight Is directed n# against
the railway brotherhoods, y/hjt
seem^to hold no terror to their
maaters. It ts thp "infur^nt"
group which suddenly revealed
itself last April which has brought
about an entirely new attitude of
watchfulness in the road managers.
It is this great mass of men from
New Hayen tip Salt Lake Oity who
prefer to work quietly and keep
their large plans to themselves,
this great mass of men who are
actually blocking today the move?
ment of freight throughout the
country. There may be as many as
400,000 insurgents out at thla moment; their leaders claim that|j
The railroads know that when
men walk out In April, and stay
out, that something Ib up.
The railroads know that when
these railroad Workers go to the
marine workers and the lungshoce-
men and soy: "Look here, your Interests are ours, let's get together,"
that this is too much combination
to be healthy. It isn't quite aafe
from their point qf view, for tlie
telephone girts lit the stations, and
the oilers and lighter captains and
conductors and coastwise men to be
together in a great industrial union
such as-will be formed In November-
Futile attempts have been made
to drive'the insurgents back into
their separate crafts where1 they
can be dealt with In the good old-
fashioned way. Insurgents who
went to Washington to demand the
restoration of their seniority rights
were blandly told thut "their'< brotherhoods would take care of tlie
seniority rights.
The lin* of battle Is symmetrical
—a triple alliance of marine workers, rallwaymen and longshoremen,
facing a triple alliance of .banks,
railroads and commercial interests.
Both- triple alliances are ready
for a finish fight William Fellows
Morgan, spokesman for the citizens'
transportation committee, the
strike-breaking group of which he
is chairman, says: ."This is a
movement for the open shop. Vou
may as well face the situation. It's
coming, {f there's to be a general
strike let's have it now and get it
over with." The transport workers
are rendy to stay out until sleighing
is good tn the well-known place,
"They see the sun beat down 9*1 the
loaded piers, and remember that
the wheat fields of Kansas and
Montana are ripening. They have
an Idea that when the time comeB
to move that wheat, they will be
asked to do the job—and at their
own terms.
Seattle.—Organised labor here
has assumed control* of a downtown moving picture theatre which
can be counted upon to display no
pictures containing anti-labor propaganda. The deal was financed
through the Onions and laborites
forming the Seattle Union Theatre
Company, a concern which intends
eventually to erect a thoroughly
modern picture playhouse.
New York: (N. Y. Bureau)—
John L, TildBloy, superintendent of
high schools of the city and-well-
known for his opposition to Socialist and other "radical" theories, hai
been expelled from the New York
school system by the board' of education. The board refused to explain its action, beyond affirming
"that It did not constitute a repudiation of Tlldsley's views,"
New York: <N. Y. Bureau)—
Striking members of the Interna
tional Carpenters' union, who are
out for a $10 a dayscale and a 40
hour week, have made successful
settlements with six shops. The
union Is a member of the Central
Labor Council, a central body of organizations not affiliated wtth the
American Federation of Labor*
Lord Dewar, recently returned to
London from Central Africa, says
that even that country Is being affected by the high cost of living.
Before the war a wife sixteen
hands high could be bought for
four spearheads, whereas she now
costs eight spearheads. In the cattle districts the price of a wife at
present Is eight cows, Instead of
Chicago.—Brent Dow AlHnson li
believed to be near death 'at the
United States penitentiary at Leavenworth, Kims. Allinsomls a conscientious objector, sentenced to
the Federal "pen", for 20 years;
his sentence later was reduced to
four years and unless It Ib commuted ho will remain in confinement until July, 1921. Fifteen ob
jeclurs ulreudy have died, or have
been killed, in prison.
Buy at a union store*
ihe Big Idea
Son Tow Qwu Store*.
Own fnir
Join the co-operative Btore movement in yonr owl
locality. Compare our prices aiid then realize that lis
divide up the profits among the membership according' te
the amount each one spends.
On Friday., «&urday and AU Ne*t Week we an
going to slash prices in onr Dry Ooedi, Boot ud Shoo
and lien's Furnishing Departments at the Central 8tor%
H and 48 Pender Street West.
Return fare will be paid to purchasers buying ft
worth pf goods in these departments.
at the Central Store and the South Hill Branch.
other stores are also carrying specials.
Pure Lard, per lb.. 880       Special Salmon, 8
Best Bacon, per lb BBo       Canned Com, reg,
Double Strength Bulk Vinegar, per gallon	
O. W. 8. Baking Powder, per tin :	
Three Crown Table Baisins, per lb —,	
_   _
Purchases made, at the following plaees will bo
credited to purchasing dividend of the members.. "'
membership number and get a receipt.
Hamilton's   Hardw»re.
Fpmw strut- -
Cornett  Mut  Market,  Mlt
Share Bros.: Hardware,   felt-
Cordova Sti, W-. 8ucc#»-
- sc.rstoWoqd..y»ll<|nCidl
Hyslop  Hardware,   Sta  and
Troupe Meat Market, next to
GoUHe's Hardware, .0 Lonsdale Avenue.
City Meat' Market, 09 Lonsdale Avenue,
Co-operative Stores
VANCOUVER 41 and « ?»*» «• Vf-t WW* Sen- i_
SOUTH VANCOUVER.. ..'.MSB Fnuer St.   Plwne VlMer MT
NORTH VANCOUVER. IIS First St. Raat.  Phone t|l
NEW WESTMINSTER 30 KljhtU St.   P»ipne 1M8
PORT MOODV ......piark St., Neat tp Royal B*ak
What Are Your
Eyes Worth?
If there is anything wrong HAVE YOUR EYES EX.
AMINED. We are Eye-sight Specialists—that's our busl«
ne^   U''i'l-»'' '•■" '"*
-;>-'       SAVE YOUR EYES -'"
Pritcliard's Address to tbe Jury.
Copies of 'Prltohardto address to
tlie Jury can now be secured at tho
Federatlonist Office. The ' words
of Prltclmrd, when addressing tlie
jury at Winnipeg will go down tn
hiitory as a part of the struggle In
human society for liberty. Every
worker should have » copy. Get
yours before the rush starts. Price
25 cents.
Seattlo.—A special committee of
five from the Central Labor Council Is going before local unions with
an appeal for medical aid for Soviet Russia.
i'unucee, Heating, Ete.
Hotel, Cite, Raofet
Central Bheet Metal Worki
Royal Stove Bepair Woifa
All Members of the O.B.U.
Are Requested to Be at the Ball o«
Saturday, Aug. 7
to assist in decorating the Headquarters of the 0. B. U.
The women will look after the inner maa if you will do
your bit for the home of the 0. B. U.
10 Sub. Cards
Qeet tu en. yut't ueaulaUut tt ti.
B. 0. rcdvMlaiiliC: will b. IuUt< I.
..T .ddi-cu i. Geaeia tu OtBAO
(flood ftnywhor. oiuld* of Vueoenr
ollf.) Ordtr ton ___, Btmlt »>»mM.
Direct Iinportcrs of
Foreign Woolens
We Cerrjr ■ FuU
Line, of Bannot'ktwa
ud Harris Tweed!
318 Hastings West
Vancouver, B. C
sort, totally ignorant of the vast
plots 'that they were supposed to
have engaged tn.
The great store of arms glaringly
reported to have been cached in the
hiding places of the local communists, upon roll call wore found
to be a few jack knives, a bayonet
purchased In an U. &', army surplus
goods sale for domestic purposes,
a,na a few untidUftted, rusty revolvers, without cartridges.
No criminal action' proceedings
have been pushed agahmt any of
the communists and sympathizers
to date, The Houso of the Masses
managers, although arrested on a
charge of criminal syndicalism
months ago, have not been brought
to trial yot and lt is not likely that
they will be.
THE TRUTH -        ,*•■ >
History of the Winnipeg General Strike
..., , v  : May. an) June, lilt
GlTing the true tact, and all the detail.. A hook (Ket ihould
be In every home. Over 300 pages of the moat Interesting retd>
Ing ever published. Send your orders to Jamea Law, Secretary
Defense Committee, Room 4, 220 Bannatyne Avenue.
Procrastination dees not pay, there is danger In delay, the beat
time la today.   BO IT NOW.
Pricw:   Bundle orders, $10 per 100 copies, On per It coplea,
115 per >C copies, single copies ado each.   AU charges prepaid,
—— ".. —   i   » PA OF, Six
twelfth year, no. 3i   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vakoocveb, *«
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor,
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
•—Cascade is a UNION.produce from start to finish.
FRIDAY July 30,   1920
How Winston Churchill
Tricked the British
Nation and Parliament
The One Big Union/
1    Published by the Winnipeg Central Labor Ooundl
Bead, the News from the Frame Metropolis
Subscription price $2,00 per year; $1,00 for six monthi
Address all communications with respect to subs and edvts,, to
HARHY WILLOOCKS, Business Manager, Roblln Hotel, Adelaide Street, Winnipeg, Han. Communications to Editor should
be addressed to J. HOUSTON, same address.
Fer Twenty Yesrs we sen inud tbis Vales Stsmp ter un under ear
Fuesful CoUactto Bargaining
FerUds Beth Strikes snd Loctonti
Disrates Settled ty Arbitration
Steady Estplognuat aad Skilled Workmuahip
Fronpt DearerlM te Deelers snd FabUe
Fsaee end Saceeu te Westers aad Employ,™
Prosperity ef Ihse Kauai Oeiamaaltlsi
As lersl aalea sua aad waBea, we ask
Tea te dsmaad ikou tearing -tbe   abere
Uaisn Stamp oa Sole, Insole er Lining,
Qeim Lcvoly, Oenersl Fmldeat.   Cbarlet L. Balne, Oeneral Sac-Tress.
Vancouver Unions
OOUH01L-Fr.sid.et, V. B. Mldglwi
ste.pnsii.at, 3. HanbaU; secretary, J.
B. CimMl;  UiHanr,   J.   Shew;  .«;•
Kaut-alarm., I. Kta«; truateet W. A.
lUksrd, J. 8. Meraon, 3. H. CUrk, A.
I. Will... Mints 1st aad Iri W.da.1-
i.„ aack Boatb at Fender Hall, Fonder
ItiMt Weet
sll—Moots   sowed   Moadar   In   tbo
■oatb.   FraoMoat, 3. t. MoConnoll; soo-
Maty, B. H, Mwlaads, P.O. Bos ««.
aad Belaforeed lroaworkon, Iftal 01
•-Moots toeead aad fourth Mondays.
rmldoal Jas. Bsstlass; Isanelal see-
retsry sad maierar, Bey Meouoar, Boom
HS Labor Temple, -    *
Lumber ladaitry (camp and mill)
not witb follow workon iu that Indue-
Iry. Orgaalso late tbo Umber Workon
ledtutrlel Ualon of Iho O. B. U. Head-
marten, (1 Cordora St. W., Yaneouror.
Phone Soy. 7I6«
Moete onry 2nd Bnd 4th Wednesday,
la tbo montk. Pr..., A. J. Wllion. Sec-
tne.., J. B. Campb.ll, Pender Hall, Pender Stroet Weat. Hoan, 0 am. to e
pjn.  Phoae Soy. 891.
Provincial Unions
aad Labor Coaaell—Meete Int end
third Wednesdaya. Knight, et lythlas
HaU, Herth Park Stnet, at 0 p.m. Pro.l.
doat E. 8. Woodward; Tieo.pre.ld.nt,
A. 0. Pike; ..entary-tnasanr, Ohrlatlaa
Sirerli, P. 0. Boi SOS, Viotorla, B. 0.
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Moot, every Taee-
day in th. Mclntyre Hall at 8 p.m. Meet-
Ing. open to all 0. B. U. member.. See*
ret.ry-tre.sunr, J. H. Burrough, Box 888,
Prince Rnpert, B. C.
Mxts last Sunday el eeeh month at
I p.m. Fn.ld.et, A. E. Robb; rice-
pn.ld.nt, 0. H. Collier; aoereUry-trsss-
snr, B. H. Kcelsnds, Bos 88
ployees, Loeal 28—MeeU wery second
Wednesday In tbo month et 2:80 p.m.
aad erery fourth Wednesday In tbe month
at 8:30 pjn. /resident, John Cumming.,
Httetory end Maine., agent. A, Oraham.
Mm ead meeting hall. Sit Fonder St.
W. Phono Boy. 1(81, OBee bctin, 8
ua. to a p-m.
dustri.1 Calt ef tbe On. Big Union—
Aa indnstrisl union of all worker. In log-
ring and construction camps. Coast District and General Headquarters, dl Oor*
lore St. W., Vancouver, B. 0. Phone Sey.
1868. E. Winch, general secretary,
treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Maedoaald a Co., Vaneourer, B. 0.; audi-
len, Measn. Butter A Chlene, Vancourer, B. 0.
Association, Loeal 88-52—Offlco and
hell, 182 Cordova St. W. Meets Int
ud third Fridays, 8 p.m. SecreUry.
tnuarer, Thome. NUon; buaineas agent,
Peter Sinclair.
- tho 0. B. U. meet In thoir union boll
st Boom. 3 and A Empire Hotel, 76 Hast-
lags East, Snt and third Wednesday In
the month.    President V. Owens;  vice-
fresident, D. Carlln: seeretary, Earl King.
hone Soy. 3688.
Lnmber Industry, organise into the L.
W. I. V. of tho 0. B. U. MUlwork-
en, branches meet as follows:
Feneeuver—Lumber Workera' hesdqnsr-
ten, (1 Cordova 81. W. Every Monday
■aw Westminster—Ubor Hall, eor. Boyal
Ave. and 7th Bt. 2nd and dth Wednesday, at 8 p.m. _   .
heser Mills—Old Moving Pletnro Thea-
In, MaillardvlU.,   2nd aad dth Thun-
Pert 'Moody^-Oraage Hal, lad Friday,
.very month, at 8 p.m.
en' Unit of tho One Big Unloa, Hotel-
Ifoross Miners—Vsncouver, B. 0., head-
luartera, 81 Cordova Street West. All
eorken engaged In thi. Induati
erged to loin the Union beforo go _
tbo Job,   Don't wait to be organised, but
Pattern   makers'   league   or
North America (Vancouver and vlcln*
Hy)—Branch meet, second and fourth
Monday., Room 20* Labor Tempi., Presl-
teat, Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave. Nortk
Vancouver; flnanclal aeeretary, E. Qod*
lard, ICA Richard. Btreet; rccordlag ».e-
ntary, J. D. Russell, 228 Coumiorci.l
Drivo.   Phono High. 22MR,
en—Vou noed the Camp Workers of
Cur Industry. They need you. Organise
gtthir In tho 0. B. U. Indutsrlal Unit
ef your occupation. Delegate, on overy
fob, or write the Dlatrlct Headquarters,
81 Cordora Bt. W., Vancouver. Entrance
foe, 81.00: monthly dues, 81-00-
Futeaora I.L.A.. Local Union 3SA,
Seriia 5—Moeta Iho 2nd and Alb Fridays
ef Ihe month, Ubor Temple, 8 p.m.
Presidont, WUIIsm Msyler; flnanolal see.
retary end bualneaa agent, M. Phelpa;
eorretpesdlag eeewtery, W. Ue.   0««e,
Boom 207 Ubor Tomplo. ,
Employ..., Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Mtit. A. 0. F. Hall, Monnl Ple.s.nt
1st and Srd Monday, at 10.16 a.m. and i
p.m. Pnaldent, R. Bigby; recording
eeSetsry, F. E Orlsto, di7-8tb Avenue
lest: tnuanr, F. Bldswsyl •nancl.l
secretary snd bueinen ag.nl, W. H. Cot-
' troll. 4808 Dumfries Stroet; offlce cornor
Prior and Main Bg. Phono Fair. 8804 B.
en' Union—Moots 2nd and 4th Fri-
daya, 306 Ubor Temple. President. W.
Wtlaon, 2380 Oranvllle Btreet; aooretary,
B. T. Kelly, 1880 Haatings St. E.: re.
eerdlng.o.ntary, L. Holdsworth, 688—
Mb **• *t- Borth Vancouver.
U. a. Railroad Men Mar Soon Be
Involved in Nation-wide
Oeneral Strike,
The Federated Press.
Chicago. — Wide dissatisfaction
with the award of the railway
wage board ls evident here among
tbe officers of the big brother,
hoods, and among the rank and
file of railroad workers. There ls
grave- likelihood that a general
strike will be called when the two
million members of the rail unions
vote on the question of accepting
the 16,000,000 grant..
A disturbing and uncertain factor In the whole situation—disturbing alike to the railroad
brotherhoods, the railways and the
railroad labor board—is the attitude of the "outlaw" organizations
of railroad workers. Already the
Chicago Yardmen's Association,
under the chairmanship of John
Grunau, has rejected the award as
"unsatisfactory." Yet neither his
organization nor any other of the
"outlaws" are supposed to have a
voice In the question of acceptance
or rejection, as they were consistently Ignored by the board. The
"outlaws" claim to have some
400,000 workers, chiefly "vacationists," behind them. Should the
action of the Chicago group be
followed by the other "outlaws,"
there may be a railroad strike despite the acceptance of the award
by the brotherhoods.
Hamilton, Ontario.—Contractors'
refusal to pay 66 cents an hour
has caused 600 members of the Hod
Carriers and Building Laborers'
Union to suspend work.
Dr. De Van's French Pills
A reliable Regulating Fill for Womon, |5
a box. Sold at all Drug Stores, or mailed
to any address on receipt of priee. Tha
Scobell Drag 0... St. Oatberinea, Ontario,
Restores Vim *»A Vitality; for Nerve and
Brain; Increases "gray matter;" a Tonic
—will build yon ap. f 3 a box, er two for
f5, at drug storei, or hy mail on receipt
of price. Ttat Scobell Drag Co., St Catharines, Ontario.
IS Hastings St. E.
0. B. V. OABD
Fatroals. Thou Who Patronise Tent
Big Ben
Baflard's Furniture Store
1024    MAIN    STBEBT
Phont Ssjrmom 2137
We will exchange  yoar  second  hand
furniture for new,   A square deal or
yoar monoy back.
(Continued from page 1)
Petrograd. "T?}f!} .reference to (a)
I S&Sfl ifc&Ltlfe Flte?81* detachments should be answerable to ibe
Allied Command and that Russian
detachments should be ivttucli^l V.
the Finnish detachments operating
near Petrograd.
I was told in reply that everything would be done and, that it
will be reported to Paris' to the
British General Headquarters.
Como In Uniform!
On the evening of May 4 I had
an interview with Sir S. Hoar*. He
had just returned from a visit to
Churchill and told me that the Iat.
ter is extremely interested in the
Yudenltch business, as well as in
all the questions which I had
raised; to Hoare's surprise he had
read not only the short memorandum, but also the two other notes
mentioned above, and that Churchill, had, after perusing them,
handed them over to the head of
the Operative Department, General
KadctifTe, for detailed study. At
tho same time Hoare transmitted
Churchill's Invitation to come and
see him personally, as well as the
head of the Operative Department,
for further conversation.
Hoare was greatly pleased with
the results obtained, and asked mc
to make it a point to come in military full dress, saying that he himself would accompany me to the
War Office. The - first interview
wag to have taken place with the
head of the Operative Department,
General Radcliffe. Hoare accompanied me to his office, and introduced me to him. The reception
was of the most cordial character.
General Radcliffe asked me to
prolong my stay In London so as
to arrange an Interview with that
general when I could transmit to
him all our plans and Ideas, To
this I answered that I «onsldered
this the best solution of the question; that while insisting upon the
Immediate necessity of organizing
the new front we were fully aware
of the technical difficulties which
will no doubt be. encountered, and
that these could be solved neither,
in Paris nor in London, but only
with General Yudenltch himself.
Napoleon Himself
At 5.30 of the same day I was
received by Churchill. *In his outward attitude Churchill displayed
extreme kindness. Upon meeting
me he said that until now he was
unable to meet the higher representatives of- the Russian Army,
for the sole reason, that, in the
Interests of the cause itself and
owing to the political conditions
of the moment, he had to keep a
secret of many things. The circumstances had now altered; yet he
earnestly asked me, in the name
of the common cause, to keep our
relations and our conversation in
full and strict confidence.
Our conversation lasted about an
hour. Churchill said he was not
going to dwell upon questions of
military operations, which he, as
a civilian, understood very little,
and which had been decided with
me. by General Radcliffe, but that
he would like to have my views
upon general questions and that he
would answer me, I gave him a
short resume of the desirable
means by which they could be satisfied.
In his reply Churchill told me:
. (1) The question of giving armed support was, for him, the most
difficult one; the reason for this
was the opposition of the British
working class to armed intervention. But even in this matter, without promising anything, he would
try to help. He had declared in
the House of Commons that fresh
forces were necessary for the pur.
pose ef evacuating the North.
He would send, under this pretext, up to 10,000 volunteers who
weuld replace the worn-out units,
especially the demoralized American and French troops. He would
postpone the actual evacuation for
an Indefinite period, but will not
speak about this. He agrees upon
the help of the newly arived British troops being actively manifested. Ia cose of further advance
by Admiral Kolchak, he would be
willing to give active support to
tho left flank. In short, he will do
all he can, but again he added that
the success of our common cause
demanded great secrecy.
It was very difficult to him to
send military forces to the aid of
General Denikin, because as far
aB the North' was concerned he had
a pretext—that of supporting the
British troops already there. But
the Idea of supporting Denikin,
were it even by volunteers, would
be carried out by him; he would
send up to 2,BOO volunteers under
cover of instructois and technical
troops, and lf these flght side by
side with us against the Bolshe-
Iks it will, of course, he natural.
(2) As far as giving us material
support was concerned, Churchill
said that he Is already giving such,
and that he will continue to do bo
to the fullest possible extent; for
this he intends to ask for 24 million pounds sterling for the supply
of all our fronts, and if the circumstances will require it, he is willing
to supply armaments and othr materials for the Northern Army and
for General Yudenltch for another
100,000 pounds.
(8) With reference to the help
that could be given in the question
connected with our prisoners,
Churchill told me that he will fulfill all the wishes I had expressed,
but asks that the management of
this business should be kept in
good order; lhat he will ask this
same day for the necessary credits
for the dispatch of 500 officers to
Archangel, England taking upon itself their financial support (travelling expenses, salary).
(4) With reference to tfic creation of a Yudenltch front Churchill said that he will do everything
in his power, and that the first
step would be the dispatch of a
special war mission to General Yu.
denitch, about which I had already
been told by General Radcliffe,
and which will be of a similar
character to the Mission of Generals Knox and.Briggs.
Kolchak's Servant
Repeating again that he does
not consider it necessary for him
to discuss with me questions of a
military character, these having
been referred to General Radcliffe,
he Indicated that he had to touch
upon one gneral question upon
whose  solution  depends   whether
A few of the membera of the Women's Auxiliary of the O. B. U.   Photo taken at the picnic last Sunday
the capture of Petrograd would be
desirable, and that is the question
of a food supply immediately upon
the capture of Petrograd. Having
this point In view, he had sent an
order to Sir Henry Wilson, the
head of the General Headquarters
In Paris, with a request for a full
statement upon this question.
In conclusion he told me: "You
find in me the most demoted champion of a great united Russia and
your best'friend, and In your person I am happy to greet one of the
representatives of that great Russian army which has done so much
during our common war against
The general, impression which I
received during the conversations
exceeded all my expectations. In
Churchill we have not only a man
who sympathizes with us but also
an energetic and active friend.
This Is the reason why I give special Importance to one remark at
the beginning of our conversation.
Churchill told me that In all Rus-,
sian questions he recognized only
Admiral Kolchak, that no measures are taken 'by him without
his consent.
"KolriiakV Orders1'
Among other statements he expressed himself thus: "I am myself carrying out Kolchak's orders,"
and that with reference to the Yudenltch question he had sent a
couple of days ago, <l.e„ after the!
flrst conversation with Hoare). aj
request for information to Admiral
Kolchak. From this I concluded
that for some reasons or other tlie
Impression exists amongst our allies
that the necessary unity does .not
yet subsist among us.
As a general conclusion, I yf_\
permit myself to put down the following: t,,_
Great Britain's help is guaranteed to us to the fullest possible
extent; from our side we must Immediately show greater powers of
productivity of work; we mustfllj^v
to the Englishman that we, joo,
can pass from lhe sphere of mgre
words to the field of deeds.
.    Signed,
Lieut-General GOLOVIN.
What Rndrllffe Said i
General Golovin's account of his
interview with General Radcliffe,
omitted above, reads as follows:—
My conversations with General
Radcliffe was of a military opera,
tions .against Petrograd. I succeeded in convincing him on all
points. His main doubt referred
to the possibility of forming units
of war prisoners (I mentioned the
flgure of 50,000). With reference
to this point I had to touch upon
the question of our prisoners in
Germany. I drew him the picture
and said that if measures are not
taken Immediately for the solution
of the questions that have arisen
there, the material could at any
rate be partially made use of.
Under the Bed Cross
First of all it was necessary, to
send off as soon aB possible 500 officers to Archangel, but we had
no money, and no means of transport; for these same reasons the
dispatch of officers to the armies
of Admiral Kolchak and General
Denikin were being delayed; secondly it was necessary to collect at
once all the officers and soldiers
willing-to'fight against the Bolsheviks in separate camps. I also add.
ed that even if the question about
Yudenltch should not be decided
ln the affirmative, ordinary humaneness demands that we should
give the possibility to those who do
not wish to go to the Bolsheviks
to keep up for st least some time,
that all this could be done under
cover of the Red Cross and that
then the formation of detachments
could begin,
I do not Intend to expound here
our operative discussions and considerations—they went on entirely
according to my note on the operations which I transmitted to General Le Ronne with only one addition providing for the most disadvantageous conditions,
I must add here that when the
question touched upon politics,'
namely, the question of pressure
upon the Ksthonlans not to hinder
us in the formation and organisation of military detachments, General Radcliffe told me: "Here We'
come to the question which does
not concern us, but concerns diplomacy; still, I should like to
know your personal opinion as, so
far as I know, Esthonia demands
U_ independence."
At this I resolutely answered
that, of course, there could not be
any talk whatsoever as to the ques.
tion of Esthonla's independence.
I tried to explain to him in detail
the utter Impossibility, from the
standpoint of Russia's existence,
of such a solution .of the question.
I also Insisted upon the argument
that In the hearts of the Esthonian
people there could not be any serious aeparist tendencies, and that
only a handful of adventurers who
had captured power cguid speak
of them. -v
General Radcliffe agreed in full
sincerity with all I had said, and
told me that he also thinks that
the thing was quite out df the
question, and that the only ground
upon which the question could be
raised was that of local self-government (with a certain autonomy).
In conclusion, General Radcliffe
said that the question about Yudenltch had called out everybody's
interest, thai they would do everything In their power to give the
necessary support, and that it was
necessary to move this question in
diplomatic circles, too. As far as
the War Offlce was concerned, lt
had decided to send Immediately a
special war mission to General Yudenltch for the purpose of. clearing
matters on the -spot and entering
into direct communication with
him. At the head of this mission
will be placed an Influential British
general. Who this general wtll be
would be decided within the next
three days.
On July the sixth, The Daily
Herald made the following additional exposures: A copy of the
Monthly War Diary of the British
Military War Mission In Siberia
having been secured by that paper.
This Diary contains day by day
entries of all the important telegrams and other documents passing between the British Military
Mission with Admiral Kolchak on
the one hand and Mr. Churchill
and Sir Henry Wilson (Chief of
the Imperial General Staff) in London on the other. s»
Damning Diary
Three things In the Diary are
of special note.
(1) Mr. Churchill Is proved by
the Diary to be making plans with
Kolchak as late as June, 1919,'to
throw his right wing forward to
meet the Archangel force at Kot-
los and sweep on to Petrograd.
That was the plan about which
General Ironside so unfortunately
"blabbed" >n ah interview in North
Russia on June 1, 1919—an Interview which he tried too late to
(2) In October, 1919, the British
Acting High Commissioner in Siberia, Mr. O'Reilly, telegraphed to
the Foreign Office that General
Knox, chief of the Military Mission,
was posing as the highest British
representative In Siberia, and dealing with Kolchak in political ques.
tlons on a direct wire with Mr.
"Mr.. O'Reilly suggested that if
it was His Majesty's Government's
desire that General Knox 'should
handle, political questions direct
with Mr. Churchill, without reference to the Foreign Office or to
the High Commissioner, H. M.
Government had better make General Knox High Commissioner or
instruct the General to mind his
own affairs.
"No Hope of Success"
Outraged by this criticism of a
soldier by a mere representative of
the Foreign Office, General Knox
wired to Mr. Churchill and Sir
Henry Wilson about It, and Mr.
O'Reilly was Immediately recalled,
(3) At the end of June, 1919,
General Knox telegraphed to Mr.
Churchill that Kolchak's failure at
the front necessitated a reconsideration of the whole position. He
laid It down that there was no
longer any hope of a military success that summer; and declared
that either
(a) a force of 100,000 men
should be thrown ln to take Petrograd and Moscow and so "finish"
the war, or
(b) an immediate armistice and
peace should he made.
Ths telegram reached London just
at  the  tme  the  Supreme   Councl
was   preparng  to  recognize  Kblt-
It  provoked  an  agitated reply
from Sir Henry Wilson at the Hotel Astoria, Paris.
The reply Is- remarkable. Wilson said flatly that he could not
believe the situation to be as Knox
described It. He required Knox to
answer clearly whether or not
there was \ny chance of a military succesd. Everything, he said,
depended on that answer, because
lt was only by promising a military
success that summer (1919) that
he (Sir Henry Wilson) and Mr,
Churchill had been able to persuade
the War Cabinet to agree tb Kolchak's practical recognition
After this It is not to be wondered at that General Knox decided that a success was, afCer all,
Just as General Knox had great
difficulty in making Mr. Churchill
realise the situation In Siberia, bo
the gallant gentlemen at the home
front found it hard to make General Knox realise that there was
any limit to their power at home,
For instance General Knox telegraphed a complaint that The Dally
Herald and The "Manchester Guar,
dial**' were printing "pro-Bolshevik" articles, and requesting the
War Office to have them stopped.
The War Office replied mildly
that it had no power to do this,
but that If Knnx sent particulars
it would try to talk on the matter
to the editors concerned.
The only necessary comment on
paragraph (2)—and on Mr.
Churchill's veracity—is an extract
from the right hon. gentleman's
speech In the House of Commons
on June 6:
"We are not at all involved In
these ojieratons of Admiral Kolchak in any .military sense, except
in the tense that if these operation? continue to prosper It will facilitate our withdrawal from North
Editor   of   "The   Dugout"   Mnst
Stand Trial Again for Criminal Syndicalism.
By  The  Federated   Vn*m.
Los Angeles.—A third attempt
to put Sidney Flower's in a felon's
cell is soon to be staged here,
District Attorney Thomas Lee
Woolwlne has served notice on
Attorney John Beardsley that
Flower must stand trial again on
the charge of criminal syndicalism.
Undaunted by his failure to secure a conviction In the two previous trials that cost the taxpayers $30,000 and in which his chief
witnesses were ' self-confessed
agents provocateur, stool pigeons
and hired tools of the Merchants
and.. Manufacturers' Association,
the district attorney will make another effort to send to prison the
young soldier who refused to stop
fighting for democracy after coming home from two years on the
battlefields of France with Canadian forces.
The announcement of the intention of the district attorney hns
not intimidated Flower's. The
night of the day he received the
news he addressed a labor meet.
ing, breaking the silence he had
imposed upon himself during the
months since the office of his paper, "The Dugout," was raided and
he arrested. "On the advice of
friends who thought it would hurt
my case, I have kept quiet,", he
said, "I've taken my punishment
lying down; but from now on I'm
going to fight."
In the new indictment the O. B.
U. Is again purposely confused with
the I. W. W., and Flowers Is also
charged with expressing sympathy
with Soviet Russia. This Is a crime
in Los Angeles.
The 'powers that be" are going
to make a grand effort to put the
"quietus" upon the man that has
been a very painful thorn in the
flesh of the M. and M. since his discharge from the Canadian Army.
Flowers ls a fighter, and since the
finding of the new indictment has
been speaking at numerous meetings, and has put ln some very effective work for the O. B. U.
Seattle.—Copies of a notice posted ln logging camps In Oregon
owned by the Murphy Timber Company have been received here. The
notice Informs employees that nny
who quit because of the company's
simon pure stand on "American-
Ism" will be reported to the Federal authorities.
Another group taken at the O. B. U. picnic
Do it Yourself with
Beaver Board
Plasterers hard to get? Skilled labor scarce? No need to hold up
your new building, repairing, or remodelling on this account,
Build better walls and ceilings with sturdy panels of Beaver
Board. Do the work with hammer, saw and nails. These big
lumber panels will never crack or fall, and after they are painted
and decorated they can be easily washed with soap and Water,
They are permanent, too, for Beaver Board lasts as long as the
Beaver Board Is always carried in stock by us.   Ask us for free
literature and prices. We deliver It, of course.
BEAVER BOARD can be papered, kaisomined or painted with
flat wall finish. It is Ideal for either temporary 'or permanent
partitions ln homes, Btores, offices, basements or warehouses.
We are prepared to offer you decorative aad practical suggestions for your problem. Call at our Wall Paper Department.
We specialize In "Beaver Board and Its Uses."
45-INCH LEATHERETTE, PER YARD 89c—This Is a bargain in either green or Drown Moorish leather; 45 Inches wide,
for use on dados, etc., per yard Mc.
Patronize Federationist Advertisers'
Hne Tkey An, Indexed rot Ton
Mr. Dillon Man, Out This Ont and Olve It to Tont WIT*
Btnk of Toronto, Hutinga * Cambie; Vletorl*, Merritt tnd New Wee*
Boya! Bank of Canada, 12 Branches in Vancouver, 29 In B. G.
Tladalli Limited ,	
J. A. Flett	
Con Jonei (Brunswick Pool Booms)..	
Boots and Shoes
Qoodwln Shoe Co., ll» Hastings Btreet Bart
Iiiglodew Shoe Btore ; . 660 OranviUe BtlNt
Johnston's Big Shoe House 409 Hastings W.
'^K" Boot Shop. 318 Hastings Street Weit
618 Hastings Btreet Well
—Haatings Btreet Wert
 , Hastings Btreet Btrt'
Pierre Paris...
Wm. Diek Ltd...
.04 Htstings Btreet Weat
Hastings Btreet Stat
Vancouver^ Co-operative  .41 Pender Street Weat
MacLachlan-Taylor Company 63 Cordova Street West
Cornett Bros. 66 Hastings W.
Golden Gate Cafe  Hastings Street Eaat
O. B. U. Model Cafe  67 Cordova Street Weat
Orpheum Cafe  Opp. Orpheum Theatr*
Chiropractors and Drugless Healers
Dr. Isaac Poole, P. S. C. graduate BOS Richards St
Vancouver X-Ray Institute 614 Standard Bank Building
Willard Coatee 30-32 Burns.. Bldg., 18 Haatinga Street West
Downle Sanitarium, Ltd 15th Floor Standard Bank Bldg.
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting:
Arnold A Quigley............. 640 OranvUle Btreet
Cluttians, Ltd : 163 Hastings Street West
Clubb ft Stewart . 309-315 Hastinga Btreet Wtat
B. C. Outfitting C« „„ 342 Hastings Stroet Weat
B. C. Tailoring Co  342 Hastings Eaat
Wm. Dick Ltd 3340 Hastings Street I
Thos. Foster ft Co., Ltd—   614 OranviUe Btreet
J. W. Foster ft Co., Ltd..,
...345 Hastings Street Weat
J, N. Harvey Ltd. US Hastings West and Victoria, B. O.
C. D. Bruce 401 Haatings Street West
New York Outsitting Co. 143 Hastings Btreet Waat
David Spencer Ltd. .... .... Hastings Street
W. B. Brumltt Cordova Btreet
Thomaa ft McBain............
Woodwards Ltd...
 OranviUe Btreet
..Hastings tnd Abbott Streeta
Victor Clothes Shop. :  112 Hastinga Weat
D. K. Book . . ................. 117 Haatings Street Wert
Vancouver Co-operative .
Kirk ft Co., Ltd.....
Fraser Valley Dairies..
..41 Pender Street Weat
 820 OranvUle St
...929 Main St, Beymour 1441 and 4W
Dairies '
 (th Avenne and Yukon Street
Dr. Brett Anderson 602 Haatings West
Dr. W. J. Curry. 301 Dominion Building
Dr. Oordon Campbell..—.. .....Corner OranvUle and Bobson Streeta
Dr. Lowe... —...... ...—.—■ Corner Hastinga and Abbott Streeta
Dr. Grady......  , ,,..,. Cornor Hastings and Soymour Street*
Britannia Beer.  : _._..Wostminstef Brewery Co.
Cascade Beer-
Patricia Cabaret,..
Taxi—Soft Drinks...
Van Bros...... .....
Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
...411 Hastings Btreet Bart
 .400 Dunsmuir Btreet
Ciders and wine*
Coca-Cola Co Winnipeg, Man.
: Drugs
Vancouver Drug Co...—_.._„* ___..Any of their all stores
Diy Goods
Famous Cloak ft Suit Co : 623 Hastings Street Wert
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street West
Educational -
Success Business College Cor. Tenth and Mala
Brown Bros, ft Co. Ltd, 48 Hastings East and 728 OranviUe Btreet
Funeral Undertakers
Harron Bros ...2398 Qranvllle Street
Mount Pleasant Undertaking Co 238 Kingswt)
Nunn Thomson ft Olegg.   ...... 631 Homer Btreet
Hastings Furniture Oo, ._............ 41 Hastings Btreet Wtat
Ballard Furniture Store  1024 Main Street
Home Furniture Company 41S Main StreK
Groceries       »
Cal-Van Market................................. .Hastings Street Opposite Pantagoi
"Slaters" (three stores) Hastings, OranvUle and Main Street,
Woodwards _.......__-...„....__..._ Hastings and Abbott Streets
Spencori Ltd.     Hastings Street
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street West '
Union Publlo Market 86-37 Hastings Street West :
S. T. Wallace 118 Hastings Street West,
Bla'k and Whit* Htt Stor* Cor. Hastlnga and Abbott Street,
O. B. Allan 480 Oranvllle Street
North West Mall Order House  616 Pender Street Weat '
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H. Malkin.  —  ...(Malkln'a Beat)
*   Musical Instruments
Mason A Risch 738 Oranvllle Street
Swltser Bro 812 Hastings Street West
Novelties and Mail Order House
North West Mail Order House .~  616 Pender Street West
Optometrists ,
3. H. Healey 824-826 Birks Building.1
Morris Optical Co 649 Gran llle Street
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand. .....(Turner Beeton ft Co., Victoria, B. OL)
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co...
...642 OranviUe Street
..Labor Tempi*
Printers and Engravers.
Oowan ft Brookhouse	
(leUand-Dibblo. -.'.-  . Tower Building
P. G. B and the C. N. R,
Tom the Tailor 524 Granville St.; S18 Hastings W.
Abrams the Tailor .t. 614 Hastings West
J. A. Flett Hastings Street VeH
Martin, Finlayson &. Mather  Hastings Street V wt
Theatres and Movies
Empress  Orpheum  Pant* get.'
twelfth year. no. si    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, ro.
Quality .'. Service
'i iiMiir    r- i i -
642~Gran*iUe Street-642
—a friendly'hand,
no matter where
you are.
The Coca-Cola Company
' winnipeg
London Unions Will Have
Nothing to do With A.
F. of L. Organizer.
We furnish throughout
from basement to attic with
good serviceable, substantial,
modern furniture of quality.
Furniture Co.
416 MAIN
(Opposite City Hall)
Plctou County, Nova Scotia, has
. ome across for the Independent
[jabor Party, according to the
Workers' Weekly, which states that
seven locals of the I. L. P. were
Formed in almost as many weeks in
that county.
London, Ontario.— Dissension
which for a few lively momenta
threatened to disrupt the London
Trades and Labor conncil at tfie
last meeting held on the 21st-Inst,
arose over a letter of protest which
Seoretary W. G. Tito had drafted
to send to the American Fedora,
tion. of Labor, asking why the Federation had appointed Fred Young
local organizer instead of Harry
Wray, whose appointment was
asked by the local oouncll. Young
is ln bad favor with the local unions, because after, being eleoted
vice-president ot the Labor Repr-
sentatlon committee last December,
he refused to stand by the committee's action In selecting Harry
fi. Ashplant as mayoralty candidate, and publicly appeared at
meetings in support of the Citizens' candidate, Mayor E. S.
Little. No local unionB will admit
Young to. their meetings, so although official organizer he-has no
work to do. Both Wray and Young
are ex-army sergeants.
After a stormy preliminary
battle In which the conservative
labor faction got its way in reducing a letter of censure to a
letter of protest, the letter to be
sent was read and violently opposed
by the opponents of the Independent Labor party In the council,
because It gave too much of the
labor party's side of mutually entertained objections to Organizer
Young. t)uring the course of the
hot discussion Organizer Wray
declared he would resign, and Secretary Tite announced he would
do the same. The letter was finally
dispatched to President Gompers
on a vote of 14 to 11. Wray
charged that the American Federation had completely ignored seven
form# communications from the
LAidon council. Tito's letter referred to the loyalty of London
labor men to' the Federation al.
though the Industrial unions had
offered attractive inducements for
them to desert. Another resolution appointed an educational com'
mittee to combat the spread of
Bolshevism among the Poles and
and tin-plate industry locally,
through their native language
newspapers. Steps will be taken
to teach them English and also
explain the advantages of trades,
unionism and "constitutional government In Canada," as opposed
to Industrialism and tho Soviet system.
Sixty   Strikers   Involving   Twelve
Thousand Workers During
Month of June
Ottawa.—The Laboi; Gazette reports loss due to industrial disputes during June greater than
during May, 1920, but much less
than during June, 1919. There
were in existence during the month
60 strikes, involving about 12,406
workrs, and resulting ln the loss
of 155,502 working days. At the
end of June there were on record
38 strikes, Involving about 5,182
workers. Time loss during May
was 145,168 working days; In June
1919, 1,370,601 working days.
The strikes at the clothing factories in Jollette, Que., conducted
by the Jollette Local Union of the
Amalgamated Clothing Workers' of
America, will be continued until the
employers grant'the strikers' demands for a 44-hour week and betterment of working conditions. The
general executive board of the
Amalgamated, at its meeting in
New York city last week, voted to
give. $500 a week for the support of
the strike. The Montreal Joint
board ls giving $500 a week and
the Montreal Pressers' Union ls
giving $100 a week,
Nature's Own Way to Gain Perfect Health.
No Drugs—No Knife—We Remove Uie Cause or Ailment
Practically Painless—Absolutely Harmless—The Best War
1(18-0 Carter Cotton Building, Corner Hastings and Cambie
Special  Evening  Appointments  for Unton Workers  Engaged
*        During Day.
Refused to Fight Against
Workers' Republic of
Now on Way Home But
Are Practically
(By Laurence Todd)
Staff Correspondent the Federated
Washington,—In the army sup
ply base camp near Norfolk are
•50» Czecho-Sloralt veterans, who
arrived Ih Norfolk aboard tke
transport Mt. Vernon on June 11,
Just four months from the day they
sailed from Vladivostok for home.
Seven hundred Oerman war prisoners, from Siberia were aboard
the Mt. Venfbn with them. The
vessel was put up, at Norfolk for
repairs. But when the Csechs—
allies and "heroic defenders ot true
Russia against Bolshevism"—were
marched off to barracks, the Oer-,
mans were sent promptly to another ship and hastened home to,
their Fatherland.
From June 18 to June 86, the
Czechs were held as virtual prisoners ln the camp. Then they were
told that special permits would be
issued to them as individuals, good
wlthiri'"the city limits of Norfolk
between 7 a.m. and II p.m. This Is
their limit of freedom.
Word was smuggled out, and an
investigation was made by a man
"in sympathy with the longstruggle
ot the Czechs for liberation from
Austrian tyranny. He went to thetr
place of detention to ~ learn from
the soldiers and their officers the
reason for their fall from the status
of returning heroes to that of dangerous aliens.
Admire Soviet Russia
de learned it. The men told him
that when their ship reached San
Francisco they were forbidden to
go ashore because, as was explained
to them, their pro-Soviet beliefs
made them "dangerous to the
population." Their next stop was
at the Panama canal zone, and here
the resident authorities had spread
the report that If they came ashore
all women ought to go escorted ln
public, since, the men "held the
usual Bolshevik views regarding
women." When the leading women
of the city of Colon saw the veterans, however, they sent a delegation to them with apologies for the
•fast that these rumors had been
circulated. They invited the
Czechs to numerous social affairs
while their vessel was going
through the canal and awaiting orders to steam northward. Finally
came the Interment at Norfolk.
These 3500 Czechs are almost
unanimous in their admiration for
Soviet Russia. A majority of them
are avowed Communists. Being a
Communist ls not' a crime, for a
Czecho-SloVak. Ot the 40,000 of
their Siberian exiles, who are
streaming back over the earth to
Prague, probably three-fourths are
radical Socialists, evolving into
They say they have a reason.
Their reason Is the truth. about
thoir partjn the overthrow of the
Soviet rule ln Siberia, and in the
setting up ot the Kolchak regime
by the Allies.
After the February, 1917,- revo<
lution in Russia, the. great mass of
Czecho-Slovak, who had beeir captured or had voluntarily surrendered to the Russian armies along the
Austrian front, asked permission to
be formed into a special Czecho.
Slovak army to fight against the
Central Powers. This was done,
and tn November, when the Boi-
sheVlk revolution took place, they
were invited by the Soviets to become a nucleus tor the campaign
against Austria, which, had been
made difficult by the dissolution of
the main Russian armies.
Peft tat
M*, eiMJHT (vttNIM
Editor B. C. Federatlonist:—I
agree with "Pro Bono Publico'
that economio forces are .constantly forcing (he mass et humanity
^forward to a certain well-defined
goal, but I don't agree with him
that those forces are not subject
to direction and control by the Individual.
It is because I do believe they are
subject to our control that I am
writing to the Federationist. Our
system of society ls individualistic.
To live, It sets one individual
against another, one group against
another. The necessities of life are
produced and distributed on a competitive basis. Every person, every
family, every group is moved by
the force ot competition for the
dollar. To produce the necessities
for the public benefit, for the per
feet working ot the system, each
individual must of necessity'be
antagonistic to every other Individual. The system is also capitalistic In the capitalistic system the
Individual's Intentions are to economically conquer all other Individuals, to exact tribute and service
trom .them, so that that Individual
may live In luxury and idleness.
The late war was entered Into by
the Germans with (his Intention.
These two systems, the lmllvldual-
Istic and tke capitalistic, are antagonistic to the collective or socialistic system and are constantly
at war with lt. Unionism and cooperation ore forces of the collective system, which are constantly at
war with Individualism, uniting tho
individual and forcing him to cooperate even though that co-operation is tor a capitalistic purpose,
At the present moment our system
has reached the point where it
must either become altogether collective or else enter Into a chaotic
state where the physical wojker
will be at a terrible disadvantage,
I am not antagonistic to the
farnter. I only used him to illustrate the fallacy of building a syBtem from the top down to .the
foundation, as the Russians are
trying to do. The Russian system
at present has Ua foundations on
the shoulders ot Lenine, Trotsky,
and a small number of advanced
thinkers. It ls held ln place by the
common national danger. The
forces of patriotism, tke forces
which placed Debs and a great
number of advanced thinkers ln
jail, are the forces which are holding It in place—and I wished to
find out if the labor Unionists were
land ln Manitoba or Dakota; and
lives In London or New Tork. Is
he then a farmer? Suppose he
hires a manager who lives en the
land and hire* labor to cultivate
and harvest the wheat. Does that
make him a farmer? This man
will very likely take the point of
view shown tn an editorial In the
Country Gentleman not long ago,
that a bushel of wheat a day 1s
the normal wages of a working'
Take on the other hand the
stump rancher we know on the
Pacific coast. He hu a Uttle
clearing where he oan raise
enough to partly moke a living,
and has to work put to earn
money to buy .wheat he cannot
raise, and to pay his taxes. A
bushel ot wheat a day does not
seem to him adequate wages, and
he can get more In the camps,
If he would stop and flgure a little lt would look more simple- If
he charges Ills forming operations
with Interest on. hrs investment
when he sells his product, he will
not have a bushel of wheat a day
for his work. If he charges wages
such as he could command In the
campa, he would not have any In.
terest on his investment. Consequently he has no real property;
he simply owns his job, and the
possession of land to'him is muoh
the samp as the ownership of the
tools of his trade by the barber
or cobbler. It is .personal property. It he don't use it, It brings
him ln nothing. This brings up
the distinction between real and
personal property which ls the
cause of so muck, confusion,
' If I own a piece of property
;Vhich brings me a net return of
,iV per cent., and the.O.B.D. or
oWne other unholy combination of
Workers force wages up till I only
get'10 per cent, half of my prop
eVty ls destroyed. If they, keep
on till I get no net returns, I have
Wtf real property in that invest-
■hient any more, and will have to
go to work, If that Is all the real
"#ft»perty I have I still have my
ijAcket knife and my tooth brush,
Mlt thoy are ipersonal property.
No man cares to own those articles
•9—0 does not use them himself.
Most men want a home where
tlifey can have privacy. The form'
gives that. They want security of
employment. The farmer has
Lots of us don't like to take
orders from any one. That attracts lots of men to the farm.
Here  they  can   have  their    own
Allies Interfere
But at that point the Allies intervened. They had determined to
overthrow the Soviets, and thoy Induced these 60,000 Czechs to start
toward Vladivostok in order that
they might he shipped to France.
At almost the same moment, great
numbers of the old czarist offlcess
started over the same route. A.
cording to the Czech soldiers, they
later found that these czarist officers had been sent along with them
by the Allied diplomats tn Russia,
as a means of creating an anti-
Soviet army to cut off Siberian supplies from- Soviet Russia. The
Czechs announced that they would
Range 1, Coast
TAKE NOTICE that Rice Owen
Clark of _ Port Progress,
rancher, Intends'to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands, commencing at a post planted about 40
chains S.W. of the S.E. corner ot lot
422, thence about 30 chains north
to lot 422, thence west 80 chains
thence about 10 chains N, to shoreline, thence southerly and easterly
along shoreline to point of comen-
cement, and .containing 200 aores
more or less.  ■
Dated June 4th, 1920.
Range 1, Const.
TAKE notice that Agnes Lizzie
Clark of Port Progress, storekeeper, Intends to apply for. permission to purchase the following
described lands, commencing at a
post planted at N, W. point of said
Bonwlck Island, about 20 chains
S, E. of S. E, corner-.of lot 1007,
thence around shoreline to point of
commencement, and containing six
acres, more or less.
r»t-4 Jon . 1st. 1920
advanced enough to take advantageffoollsh way and there ls none to
of the present opportunity to build
a system on the rock equality, from
the ground up.
A system which cannot compete;
with any othor system ln an economic sense and show that 'it ls a
better system than, the other, but
must first kill off all other systems
by physical force before lt can
exist at all, cannot be a proper system for mankind to attempt to use.
v The Farmer
Editor, B. C. Federatlonist, Sir:
I am glad to flnd a discussion of
the position of the farmer ln the
Labor movement in your issue of
July 16. The question sure needs
'cleaning up. First, why not define the term: What Is a farmer?
Is he a man who owns land, or a
man who cultivates land? Sup.
pose a man Inherits, or otherwise
acquires a million acres ot wheat
take no part ln Russia's civil war,
but would go home at pnee.
Next, the Allied diplomats and
military officers Invented the story
that the Bolsheviki had raised and
armed a force of German war prisoners which would destroy the
Czechs, and that it was located on
the Volga front. The Czechs innocently believed this, and went into
the Volga region, where in the first
fight they discovered that they had
been led against Russian workers.
Enraged, they turned about and
again started for Vladivostok.
Fanned a Soviet
Their officers failed them and
they formed a Soviet ot Czech
deputies to conduct their return
home. These deputies were surrounded by Allied soldiers, arrested
and Interned on an island near
Vladivostok. Then the Allied officers sent out to the Czech soldiers
a forged statement trom these
deputies, urging them to trust the
Allies and keep up their war
against the non-existent "German"
army In Siberia. Again the soldiors
were fooled, but upon their discovery that their deputies were arrested they refused'to fight any
more. Even their commander,
General Galda, who atlll had wanted to fight the Soviets, refused to
support Kolchak, and was dismissed by the dictator. He*went to
Vladlvlstok, attempted to revolt,
and was quickly taken prisoner and
shipped home. His rebellion was
•pppressed by Japanese troops.
The second uprising on January
31, 1920, was Successful, due almost entirely to tho stand taken by
Gen. Graves against: the Japanese
officers, who threatened to wipe
out the Czechs and Russians, Kolchak's . supporters ran away to
Japan, whero thoy stayed until the
last of the American troopa had
sailed, on April 3. Then they returned to enjoy the results of the
Japanese seizure of the city on
April 4. Before leaving, the Czechs
Issued a formal protest ngainst the
-Japanese outrages against the Russian Soviets and the Zcmstro govornment of tho Far East.
molest or make afraid.
Given secure possession of
enough land to keep him busy,
and no more than he can work
himself, an industrious man can
feed himself and raise a family
who in turn will feed him for the
few years he will live after' he is
finable to work. If he does not
hire labor he will never have
much surplus, for by the time he
accumulates enough tools and
stock to make a comfortable living, he Will flnd it takes all his
time to take care of what he has.
If you have read this far you
will see the difficulty of the ques-
tlon of lining up.the farmer.
Between dives and Lazarus
there is a great gulf fixed.
There ls where the split came
ln Russia. The rich peasant who
hired labor went with the landed
aristocracy. He got surplus value
from his land. The poor peasant
goes Bolshevik. Land to him Is
one ot the tools of his craft.
Must Fight Against the
Tho Farmer's Position
Editor B. C. Federationist:
must congratulate you for your
editorial on the position of the
farmer, and sincerely wish a copy
could be mailed to every farmer
In tho country.
Taken as a whole, it expresses
the most sincere interest In the lut
of the misunderstood farmer that
is has been my privilege to read.
Re class consciousnss; Tou will
agreo with mc that until a child
takes Us Ilrst step, Us a matter of
speculation if it is ever to walk,
hut once the first step is taken we
are content to leave furthor progress to time, satisfied that event,
unify his ambition to progress will
develop  further effort.
Now the first step In class consciousness must como through
contact with an Impediment, which
necessitates a detour in our line
oli'ipental or physical progress, or
it.may be a consciousness by comparison, that.a number of peo*
pie whom we consider unessential
to the Hfo and prosperity of tho
community are living under more
congenial conditions than we are,
Now the point I wish to make Is
not the precise angle of our vision,
but rather the point on #hlch our
mind is centred, namely, the right
unified living, challenging the
lualities of the social groups,
ow natural for the Russian
lant to become enthusiastic for
the revolution. It came, offering
htm gifts of land. The enthusiasm
of the olty artisan for the revolution ls. based on the prospect of
more human conditions, none of
us would desire or advocate a
change unless satisfied of material
benefit, only tho idealist exposes
his breast to the asslsslh's dagger
to shield his friend, Whon on
amorous youth beseaches a winsome maid to share his couch It
Isn't through any charitable concern for the maid, but an entirely
selfish Instinct that prompts his
generous proposal, and she,  from
mutual sentiment, joins him.
Our noblest actions are actuated
by purely selfish motives.
The   farmor today    is    pawing
Social Revolution to Follow Labor Got-    ;
(By the Federated Press)
Berlin.—(New Tork Bureau.)
If Nikolai Lenin, Premier of Soviet
Russia, were in England at present,
he woilld vote for a government
headed by Arthur Henderson, the
moderate labor leader, witk tke
avowed object of helping show the
working class by this example that
nothing much could be done for it
along reformist lines. At leaat this
is what a Norwegian communist
publicist named Frils, who recently
interviewed Lenin In Moscow,
says 'the Bolshevist leader told
him. In the course of the interview, which Is printed in ttae Rote
Fabnft, the Berlin organ of the
Communist Party of Qermany,
Lenin said:
"We must use legal methods as
long as possible. On the other
hand,. I think that a 'Communist
Party* which carries on legal agitation exclusively is not worthy of
the name it bears. Ttae question
of what to do ln every individual
case Is a, practical thing. This is
the case with the question of tak
ing part In elections to Parliament
In general we were always for
participation in the elections, but
under extraordinary circumstances,
for this example, the election for
the first Duma, we have favored
the "boycott.
. "Anti-Par! lamentar Ism ls one of
the Communistic children's dis-.
eases against which I have often
had to fight, 'in Italy- this disease1
Is widespread. Why, there is even
a special party, called the Soviet, of
Naples, which.is the organ of tbe
Communist Abstentlontsts, i.e.,
Ihose opposed to voting. In this
country, as yoti know, I have had
to fight Bukharln and Radek over
the same question. . I was against
the Idea that we were obliged to
overthrow tke Kerensky ' Government at once, and I was in favor of
the Brest-Litovsk peace. Later on
both of them openly admitted that
tbey had made a mistake and Radek hns learned the lesson so well
that he has excelled everyone else
ln fighting against the anti-parliamentary tendency in Germany,
against Laufenberg, Wolfhein and
the Hamburg Communists.
"I may sum up my idea of what
Is necessary to do now as,follows:
X, Fight the MensheviWT 2. Fight
against the children's diseases within the ranks of the Left Wing Socialists,"
"Our standpoint was for flrst
making a thorough investigation
of economic conditions, and then
showing personal convictions and
taking changes. If I were in England now, for instance, I would
vote for a Henderson Government,
but at the same time I would openly say that 'Just let them have a
try at It first.' It would soon be
seen that they could do nothing.
The workers would soon understand that, after the devastation of
the war, the reform way is Impossible.
"The . revolution is bound ' to
come in every counjry, but in the
West European countries it will
probably be able to take plaoe with
less difficulty than in our case. For
the present Russia ls ln the lead,
but after the revolution shall have
arrived in West Europe, Russia will
soon be behind In the courso of development.
"In Germany there will soon be
what you might call an engineering proletariat. It Is of great importance to get the engineers in the
ranks. In our caso a large section
of them had purely capitalistic interests. And thereforo it will require many years here to rebuild
industrial life."
White Shoes
For Men, Women and Children
Women's White Boots, 17.50 value for.
Women's White Boots, $6.50 vain* for.
Women's White Boots, $4.50«ralue for..
Visit our downstairs shoe department for Mg tpeciali ift
outing and holiday footwear—now at otoaranea prices.
There Is An Easier Way
Tou also ought to know about ow
Wonderful Credit Salo of Smart-
Wear Apparel for Hon and Women.
We give easy credit to everybody.   By i
small instalments the cost of any garment ia paid ii
a surprisingly short time.
-  Vou wear the garment.
A small deposit gives it to yon;
Our July Clearance Bale
saves you money. Tako
advantago of thaa* tremendous reductions.
Piledrivers and Wooden Bridge,
men—Every Monday.
' Laundry Workere—Every aecond
and fourth Tueaday.
Trades and Labor CouncU—Every
first and third Wednesday.
General 'Workers'   Unit—Every
second and fonrth Wednesday.
Gas Workere Unit—Every a
and fourth Wedensday.
Marine Firemen — Every MS
Hnd third Wednesdays.
AU Units meet In Peader HaB,
Pender Street West.
What about renewing your suM
We stand in the roadway outside the gates of Union Dock,
not being, allowed on the wharf by the big Companies, and
meet all incoming boats.
Fellow-Workers—Look for the O. B. U. Button. At—
Tour Expressman.
Stand at Corner of Alexander and Columbia Avenuo
Subscribers, Please Note!
Many subscribers ~ ln renewing
thoir subscriptions aro sending in
tlie old price. Tlie new rates nro
ns follows: In Cnnndn, S2..10 per
year; $1,50 per half year. United
States, $a.00 per year. If subscribers will see tlmt they send in the
proper amount it will uld us and
also avoid confusion.
Seattle.—Tho employer who
doesn't Intend to work for profltB
Ib not wanted in Washington
State, Governor Louis F. Hart told
the convention of government labor
official* of tha United States and
Canada in convontion here. Labor
must get a square deal but at the
same time profits must be protected, the governor said. Governor
Hart devoted a large part of his
address to flaying radicalism,
Pass the Federationist along and
help get new subscribers.
through a period of unexplainable
discontent and la actively questioning the inequaities of tho social groups and quite naturally
wants tho samo conditions as pro-
vail ln the city, namely, a reduction in his dally 16 hours drudgery he, like the farmers in Russia, will join hands with you when
you can. Show him that by so
doing he will receivo gifts which
must Includo an 8-hour day and
the necessity of having to raise
pork, beef, butter, eggs, grain and
fodder In order to live, assure him
of all the latest mochanical appliances to aid him In his work,
solvo hl.3 transportation problems,
abovo all assure him that under
tho coming systom ho will bo *cn.
titled to a decent holiday each
yoar, show him that his family
will have access to tho halls of
culture, bring tho opportunities tor
pleasure and entertainment to the
door of the farmhouse, show him
.that his Interest can best bo served
by the ovrthrow of tho system with
all Ita intolerable burdens. —Pro
Bono Publico. ■
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MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
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Phone Seymour 550 Repairs Done While Vou Walt .
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614 Hastings W.
Phone Seymour 6424
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sturdy foot servants that are good-lpoklng and
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Choice black leathers and the new coloring*
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,vm,FTH tear, no. si    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     vancocveb, a a
. /.IDAT July  80,  1111
Boys'  Dept,  Seoond V> ''
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$25 $30 $35 $40 $50 $60 to $75
The home of
Canada's Largest Exclusive Store for Men and Boys.
Lumber Workers'
Convention Over
■i      (Continued from page 1)
ganization,  the balance    will    be
Wiped  off-as a good-of-the-move-
, ment expenditure. Henceforth
Hi) initial organization expenses
will be borne .by the headquarters
' Instead of being charged up to the
district lh which the outlay occurred.
Suspicion Allayed
In the put there haa been i
certalp amount of cross purposes
and fricton evidenced in the organization, mainly due to the tactics of a few individuals whose
main function ln life Is apparently
to disrupt. Many sincere workers
were  led  to  believe  that the  in-
" lerst of the organization were not
is well protected as they would
wish, and lf the convention did
nothing else than allay this suspicion, which was proven to have
no basis in fact, the time and
money involved was well spent.' A
splendid spirit of solinarity was
evidenced on all sides at the close
; of the meetings.
In the east the work of the organization is bearing fruit,    and
- representatives of the union are
meeting   the   Ontario   provincial
Office Hours:   10 to 12 s.m„ 2 to 5
p.n.   Evening*:  7 to 8 p.m. Mondty, Wednesday ind Friday.
Phona Say. 6476.  ,
Dr. Willard Coates
Okinpnctar ud Dngtois Fhyaictan
(BucceMor to Dr. John Oray)
St-SlS2 r. Burni Bldg., 16 Hsitiafi
St., W., Vancouver, B. 0.
(Between PantageR Theatre and B. O.
E. R. Station)
I"-        tlt—Fl?        -ns*
Street ____•« SUeet
Em» CJk«   ** *—*
J. H. Healey
024-895 Birks Building,
Vancouver, B. G.
Phone Sey. 7075
Glasses fitted for the relief of
headache and eyestrain.
health authorities next week to
clear up the question of the union
standard of sanitary requirements
which are to be called for before
the camps open for the winter's
work. Many members are inclined to look for Immediate financial
returns to show on the organizers'
report sheets; that this Is a false
criterion was recognized by the
delegates after hearing Executive
Member Lament's talk on eastern
organization taltiss and difficulties.
Those who were at first Inclined to
condemn were finally forced to
recognize the logic of his arguments. When the organization
has proven to the eastern workers
the*»value of the work accomplished in Improving the standard of
camp conditions, and thereby
demonstrating further possbilities,
then can the financial returns be
looked  for.
Company Assigns'
During the week a logging firm
has assigned to their creditors, and
it Is very doubtful tf the men will
get their wages. In another case
it has been necessary to issue
liens In an endeavo to get security for wages which in some
cases run as high as 4900. Should
the men lose partof their claim
they have no one to blame but
themselves, for it must be obvious
that- any firm which finds It necessary to owe Its employees several months* wages Is an unsafe
one to work for. Members should
Insist upon being paid ln cash or
certified cheques twice a month.
If desired the cheques can be sent
to headquartrs and the money deposited to the credit of Its owner.
The Economic. State
Changed by War
(Continued from page 1)
tures for 1920-21.    Roughly they
.are as follows:       *
Nat.  debt   (1918-14) £24,500,000
Fighting service "      .... 86,000,000
Civil service "      .... 55,000,000
Revenut dept.      "      .... 29,500,000
Nat.   debt   (1920-21) 345,000,000
Fighting service "      ...269,200,000
Civil service "      ....555,600,000
Revenue dept.      "      .... 61,300,000
The most astonishing thing,about
these figures Is not the increase of
the cost of the fighting service to
a little over three-fold the prewar figure, but the increase of the
cost of civil service by ten-fold.
What is the character of this.Increase In the civil service? Jhe
larger sums are to be spent In the
prosecution of a state capitalism
programme. For example, the expenditure for old age pensions Is
doubled; tbe expenditure for public   education   is   increased    from
nineteen for fifty-seven millions of
pounds; the appropriation for
boards of agriculture is increased
Six-fold; the appropriation for
labor and unemployment stands at
more than 26 millions of pounds.
Ther there are the appropriations
for "railway agreements" (23 millions); for the bread subsidy (45
millions); for the coal mines deficiency (15 millions); for the transport subsidy (two millions); and
for export credits (two millions).
The British Empire is going into
the field of capitalist state enterprise, In very much the same way
that the German Empire entered
the same field a generation ago.
Paul Deschanel, in an Introduction' to a book on "The Economic
War in Our Colonies" gives his
opinion regarding the function of
the modern state. He has referred
to the heavy inroads made by the
Germans in the French colonial
markets, and to the fact that the
war opened these markets again to
the possibility of French competition. He writes; "An opening for
general commerce to the extent of
150 millions is created. Shall we
allow others to take advantage of
It? All of the Initiative, all efforts,
official or private, should be directed to the same end. We must
stimulate the efforts of our colonial
bureaus, of our chambers of commerce, of our colonial offices. Public authority must favor the development of our merchant marine,
and the colonial tariff policy must
be put in harmony with the new
circumstances which arise out of
the economic conferences of the
In that one paragraph ls summarized the theory of the capitalist
states—public power directed in the
interest of economic advantage.
The French Government ts following this principle, indirectly, in its
present Near East policy. The
new British budget accepts it entirely. The shipping policy adopted by the United States is in harmony with its demands. The economic state—managed by the owning class and manipulated In their
Interest, is becoming a reality of
the new world of state capitalism.
Ten millions of men laid down
their lives; treasure was spent with,
a lavish hand; the world suffered
the agonies of war for four years
in order that the class which ruled
economically might have unquestioned political power. Many words
have been spoken about the war in
mockery or levity or scorn, but
that Is the grim reality. The economic power of the owning class
has outweighed the yearnings aud
hopes of the hundreds of millions,
and so must It continue while the
hundreds of millions remain shorn
of their economic power.
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For the Oood Dressers—Aot Quickly
and Save Money
Ladies' Dresses
Latest shades and stylish New Tork
models. These are high grade In' every
detail—anil were exceptional values at
their, regular prices. To make room for
new stock we offer,them at
Waistline effecti and other
■nappy model*, in excellent material!, $22.60. $29.60. $37.60.
$6.60 Vp
Actually   below   cost   to   clear
ont the entire- line.
(Continued, from page 1)
more necessary at this time than
at any previous period In thc
movement in the eltyl It was also
pointed out that the changing conditions were responsible for a desire on'the part of the workers
to discuss the wider issues that
face the working class. The motion wos adopted without dissent.
The question of completing tho
decoration of the hall was Introduced by the delegates to the Central Labor Council, which body
has chargo of the hall. It was
decided that the members be requested to be on hand on Saturday, August the 7th so that this
work can be completed. The
women's auxiliary has offered to
provide refreshments for the
workers who take their share of
putting tho hall in shape for
dances ond other social functions.
It ls expected that the floor of
the hall will be cleaned off and
finished so that It will be one of
the best dancing floors in thc city
within the next week  or two.
Reporting for the picnic committee the women's auxiliary stated that all expenses had beon defrayed and that there wns a bal.
ance on the right side of the
Pritchard's Address to the Jury,
Copies of PritchaidV address to
the jury can now bc secured at the
Fcdcrutionlst Office. Tlie words
of PrJtvlinrd, when addressing the
Jury at Winnipeg will go down in
lilhtory as a part of thc nt nipple in
human society for liberty. Every
worker should have a copy. Get
yours before the rush starts. Price
25 cents. .
Chas.   Lestor   Was   the
Speaker at Last Sunday's Meeting.
That the Empress theatre
should hold a capacity audience to
listen to the propaganda of the
Socialist Party ot Canada on a Sne
evening as waa last Sunday's is
certainly a happy indication of the
growing demand for a sane discussion of the problems of the day, so
far as tho workers of Western Canada aro concerned. Some explanation will be found for this state of
things in the opening words of the
speaker, Chas. Lestor, who commenced his address In the following
"The science of Socialism at the
present time attracts universal attention owing to the fact that those
people known as Bussians, who
have built on this science, have
proved themselves Irresistible both
In the realm of diplomacy and on
the field of battle.
"It shows us that we are on
sound foundations. The more we
get to know about the motive forces
of society thc better we will be able
to direct our energy to biing about
the co-operative commonwealth."
The speaker then proceeded to
explain and enlarge upon, the three
great social laws discovered by the
founders of modern scientific Socialism, viz., the economic law of
surplus value, the materialistic Interpretation of history ahd the class
In a manner that could be easily
grasped by his hearers the speaker
gave a splendid exposition of the
origin and development of the
theory of Historical Materialism
tracing the Influences of the scientific discoveries of the cell, the
transformation of energy and Darwin's evolutionary process, as well
as the philosophical ideas of Hegel,
Nietzhe and  Feurbach.
The class struggle is a law, a
social law, Just the same as the
laws of Value and Historical Materialism. To the working class it
ls the guide to tactics. All history,
since primitive communism, has
been the history of class struggle. The struggle between the wage
slaves and capitalists Is the last
great struggle. The struggle between classes ts over ownership.
The struggle over wages is a struggle over, "prices of commodities"—
labor power being a commodity
just the same as a sack of flour.
."A struggle may arise out of that
(wages) but no matter how lt tends
the conditions remain the same,.Ihe
capitalists and worker retain the
positions that distinguishes the one
from the other. It is the question
of ownership. The capitalist class
own the earth and everything on it.
The ownership of the working class
by the master class ls maintained
by the state. The wage Blaves
are there for them to exploit
and the Btruggle between the eapl-
talist class and working class ts for
ownership—and this ls "The CI03S
Struggle." Often the little fights
that take place over wages are a
total denial of the class struggle,
and the idea that such fights over
wages and better conditions will
eventually bring about the change
are often misleading. A free man
does not want to work for wages at
all. When the workers control tho
means of life there is no such thing
as wages or"fights for better conditions as they have the whole
"shooting match." The worker today has to be very "mobile, l&,
easll;- moved from place to place.
The frei ■ he ls the better for the
process. The employers now assist
In this by supplying blankets ao he
does not have to pack his own, He
has been absolutely freed from.all
property. There are always lots of
slaves. Some countries had to
breed them, but on the North American continent they did not have
to bother, they Just had them shipped over ready-made.
Some years ago the Spclolists
wero voices crying In the wilderness
and the objects of pity and their
listeners on the street corners
would shake their heads ahd exclaim "bughouse," or sny that "It
(Socialism) might come Borne
time," and now the great minds of
the capitalists are faced with a
problem they can neither analyze
or understand. The RuBsian Bolsheviks present a problem In mill,
tary tactics thoy cannot overcome;
the further they get from their base
the stronger they appear. Engels,
writing on military tactics and predictions regarding the possible developments arising from the system
of conscription prevailing In Europo, was suggested as worth while
roading and same could be found In
Steel Industry Being Organized on Ruins of A.
F. of L Fiasco.
Confusionists Become Dolorous at Spectacle of
Real Organization.
(By "Dick Dudgeon")
Chicago, III., July 20.—Since the
Convention of the O. B. U. In the
city of Chicago, the executive
committee and the organizers have
been busy in various sections of
the United States. Within a week
after the convention Comrade
Brumbaugh, of Altoona, Pa., had
succeeded jn perfecting a strong
unit of the O. B. U. composed of
railway shopmen in that city. Altoona has the largest railroad
shops on the American continent;
employing twenty thousand men
In that industry. From many other
points come favorable reports of
organization activity. In Chicago
and vicinity the organization work
ls proceeding apace. As a sample
of the manner In which the mes.
sage Is received in this city we
shall relate the outcome of a
meeting one night last week. The
propaganda committee of Unit No,
1 distributed one thousand hand
bills advertising an open air meeting under the auspices of the O. B,
U- The meeting was advertised to
begin at seven o'clock. At five that
evening a terrific rainstorm set In
and- continued until after eleven.
The committee was on the job at
the appointed place, near the
Northwestern car shops. Several
hundred people came out In the
rain and listened for over two
hours to General Organizer Cassidy anji H. M. Wicks explain the
principles of the O. B. U. and the
Workers' movement in general. Re-
hls work entitled 'Landmarks of
Scientific Socialism."
The conditions In Europe preparing the war for revolution and the
Contrasting conditions prevailing in
Canada and thc United States were
outlined. The changed attitude of
the press ln their methods of presenting Russian and general labor
news and also the activity of various movements in connection with
the prevailing ferment in society,
were briefly presented for consideration. All the various political and
industrial phases of the general
movement were all part and parcel
with the great revolutionary force
at work in present day development
—some, no doubt, were reactionary,
but others were In the vanguard.
An aggressive educational and organizing campaign in the interests
of the workers was a question of
the day. The importance of tfie
workers using all means in their
power, Including the ballot, was
emphasized and the importance of
the state ln the class struggle must
not be overlooked. The working
class must rely entirely upon Itself.
"Thoso who are not with the proletariat are the enemies of the proletariat because there are only two
classes, and if you are not on our
side we know you are on the side of
the enemy."
J. Harrington will be the speaker
at the Empress on Sunday next.
Next Royal Bank
Free Delivery Every
Sensible Suits
at $34.75
Sturdy tweeds' and wor-«.
steds, straight grain wools,
that stand up and hold
their shape under the
hardest kind of wear,
They spell clothing satisfaction to men who look
for value .In the things
they buy. Here is an investment in quality that
saves you real money.
"Your Money's Worth of
Yonr Money Back,"
LET'S     OO     TO     THE
suit: one hundred and seven paid-
up applicants that same evening.
The next night Cassldy and
Wicks went'to the city of Gary,
Ind., and conferred with a number
of those workers who took prominent parts', in the recent steel
strike conducted by the Committee
of the A. F. of L. for organizing
the Steel industry. Nearly all the
active workers attended the meeting and without a single exception
they all declared that the workers
In the stee industry are thoroughly^ disgusted with the contemptible
vuscillatlrig and traitorous tactics
of the A. F. of L. We learned that
not a single A. F. of L. charter remained in the city of Gary, with
the exception of such Industries.as
the printers' union and crafts of
that type. Not a single craft connected with the steel Industry has
a charter. After explaining the
principles of the O. B. U., a unit
-was organized, and every person
attending the meeting signed an
application. Already they have elected their member'of the executive board, to represent the steel
industry, and the organizers are
busy organizing the slaves of Gary-
Ism into an effective fighting unit
of the working class movement.
The steel Industry Is the most important of the basic industries in
the United States and Gary is the
strategic point in that industry.
Whatever the workers In Gary do,
Tho workers in the Pittsburgh district endorse. The most prominent
advocates of the workers' cause
have Joined the O. B, U., which
means that the same move will be
made in* the eastern districts of the
steel industry. With the railroad
workers well on the road toward
organization, the steel Industry being organized and the plans laid
right now for inroads into the
mining districts of Pennsylvania,
the O. B. U. in the United States
has the eminent distinction of
having accomplished more In the
way of effective organization ln a
few weeks than has taken other
organizations years to accomplish.
No A. F. of Ii. to Fight
In the steel industry we don't
have the A. F. of L. to flght. The
recent betrayal of labor by the of.
flcials of the Gompers machine Is
too vivid In the minds of those
semi-conscious elements of the Industrial workers, hence the A. F,
of L. labor lieutenants of the capitalist class have been disposed of
by a process of self-ellmlnatton.
The success of the O, B. U. and
Its ncompromlslng position In relation to all other organizations has
drawn flre from the self-appointed
"leaders of the militant proletariat" in the United States. The O.
B. C. being a scientific organization
has not indulged in the various
fantastic maneuvers of placing
before the workers what Frederick Engels termed "the front, side
and bird's-eye view" of the new
society, and bas refused to be
swallowed up by those pigmy organizations whi !• . endorse such
Utopian Ideas. Before the O. B. U.
convention was held the I. W. W.
organizer of the railway workers
told a number of O. B. U. men that
the wobblies (nickname applied to
I. W. W.) would either "capture"
or disrupt the convention. The attempt was made, brazenly and
crudely, but its failure was as miserable as the mentality of the creatures who attempted to destroy the
work of the men who had labored
for months In order to be ln a position to calt the convention. The
work of disruption was soon de
tented;. In fact it was obvious at
the very opening of the convention.
No sooner was an attempt made
to flood the convention with fake
delegations, carrying alleged ere.
dentials from various parts of the
country, than the plot was detected. It was learned that the credentials were all written on tho
same typewriter—though some of
the. credentials were signed and
dated at Cincinnati, Ohio, while
others were slpned and dated from
some point In Iowa. Without many
preliminaries the credentials were
refused on recommendation of the
credentials committee, A little later a second attempt was made,
and the credentials committee
placed lt before the delegates without recommendation. The attempt
to again pack the convention was
rebuked. It was thought we had
heard the last of this element. But
In the next Issue of some of their
publications appeared vicious attacks abounding In Insinuation, In-
uendo and deliberate lies against
the O. B. U. - The men in-^Canada
who are now ln Jail for thetr loy
alty to the cause of the workera
were branded as politicians who
were seeking "careers" as labor
leaders.. The article dealing with
the convention accuses the members of the O, B. U. of being moral
cowards, who were afraid to face
the flght ln the I. W. W. because
of the pressure brought to bear
upon their organization by the capitalist courts. Says'the I. W. Wi
writer: "The foar nnd hatred international capitalism has shown
us proves the soundness of our program." Amidst all the billingsgate
contained in the article against the
O. B. U., the only word of Justification the writer has for thc wobbly organization Is the opinion held
by some elomonts of the ruling
class. Not one word about a diametrical opposition ln both 'principals and tactics; not one word
about the fact that the O. B. U.
has not a cut and dried program,
but Is a flexible organization ca.
pable of meeting the master class
on all fronts with all possible weapons In the struggle; not one word
except a whine that because the
capitalists hate the I. W. W. it must
be correct. We, of the O. B. U.
recognize the traditional stupidity
of the capitalist class and refuse
to permit them to determine our
tactics or affiliation one way or another. The mere fact that an organization Is harassed by the capitalist class does not -prove that organization a true representative of
the workerB. An organization
might be the object of attack by
the capitalist class and still be a
rank enemy of the working class,
In that category tt is necessary for
all who think to place the overwhelming majority of the leadership of the I. W. W.p and It Is practically un organization of'leaders.
One of the gems of logic In the
tirade  against us follows:—
"Workers, you can plainly see
that those .who are directing you
into these newly formed "One Big
Union" organizations springing up
all over the country like mushrooms
have been neglecting something.
They have 'fceglectd to Join the I.
W. W. which started out fifteen
years ago to build up the One Big
Union." '    .' (
Here Is the plain Implication
that these mushroom organizations
Men's Klne^Uraue Un'fivus, with leather soles apd   ''.dJ'O   CA
heels ; good comfortable fitting. Specially priced. tpOeDv
MEN'S  Red  Fox
Tennis Shoes
BOYS' Grey Canvas, with leather
caps and leather
soles and heels.
Sizes 1 to 5.
MEN'S      Steel
Worker, elk soles.
Cornett Bros. & Clarke, Ltd.
referred to are springing up entirely too swift to suit the taste of
the wobblies who claim to have
been on the job for fifteen years.
We are growing so fast that
they cannot comprehend us except
in terms of mushroom growth, but
time will prove their analogy as
faulty as their understanding of
the working class movement.
Has Retreated.
It is true the I. W, W. haa been
in existence for fifteen years,.' but
it has been-revamped a number of
times until nothing remains of the
original I. W. W. except the name.
It ts simply the American syndicalist organization, but more anarchistic than even the most reactionary anarcho-syndicalist organizations of Europe. Its concept of
the rise of the workers to power
Is pure anarcho-syndicalism; the
taking over of the powers former,
ly exercised by the state Into the
hands of Industrial unions, until
nothing remains but the repressive powers, such as police and the
Urrny, and then by a general strike
paralyzing these forces and fes-
tabllsbing the rulo of the workers.
Political action lg considered a delusion and workers are warned
against lt. One of its original tactics was that of sabotage, but since
the various states of the union
have passed laws against the advocacy of that doctrine, the I, W,
W., although it claims the state
is a myth, has retreated from its
position In relation to sabotage
and now Its most prominent leaders advocate a policy of Toistoyan^
non-resistance. In later articles
conclusive evidence of the reactionary character of the I. W, W. will
be furnished and explanation as to
why its foolish tactics have failed
to appeal to the Amelcan working
class. Perhnps some of those not
Informed upon the record' of this
organization will wonder why It
Is necessary to reply to their attacks. Anticipating such queries
it is only necessary to state that an
important tactical problem Involving the welfare ot the working class
ls at stake In the United States at
this time, and tt Is necessary to
once and tor all place the I, W.
W. In Its proper place through a
critical analysis of Its history and
tactics, realizing very well that an
organization of their record In the
light of working class experience
is sufficient to discredit thom so as
to nullify any efCect their Inane attacks may have In the future.
In explaining the origin of the
Canadian One Big Union—or rather the One Big Unton tn Canada
—the I. W. W. publication Bays
the wobblies of the North West
crossed the Canadian borter and
taught the Canadians how to* organize the O. B. U, The truth of
the matter ls that the I. W. W.
agitators who did cross never got
any farther than Vancouver when
they met their Waterloo before the
logic of tlie well informed mem.
bers of the working class In that
city. And further It is a fact that
when the O. B. U. was organized
ln Canada the so-called rebels of
the Pacific coast were dumfounded,
and hastened to get over the border In order to learn what had
happened. To this day they fail to
perceive that the O. B. IJ. move-
mnt Is the Inevitable outcome of
the educational propaganda that
has been carried on in Canada by
he pioneer educators of the workers,
"But what Is the structure of
the O.B.U.?" asked the wobblies,
expecting us to produce a chart
With all the Industries carefully
classified and divided arbitrarily,
like their own "form of organization." When Informed that the
O.B.U. realizes the fact that all industries are so interlocked and
Interdependent that It Is Impossible to determine where one begins and tho other ends they cease
argument and begin calling names,
6r i unfold ex-Father . Haggerty's
wheel of fortune, which has been
adopted as- the wobbly structure
X-RAYS Locate Jib]
>t lh.
Vancouver X-Ray
'i-.icb.i ot Dingus, HMling
For * the    treatment   of   non-contatfoin
chronic   Ailments   by   Natural   Metfaoda.1
Tbe   clinic   ia   supported   by   Volunt»rj|
Offlw hours: 11-1 sad by appeistmert j
Phona Sey. 1977
of the new society and demand!
that you produce it better wheel]
of fortune.
If    some    organization    should ]
adopt the ouija board the I.W.H
would have to discard the eminent  ex-priest's  wheel  of  fortune]
and obtain its reolutlonary stimulant from the spook world.
Seven Week? on  Strike and SUB|
Going Strong—Very Few
Detroit, Mich.—Tllmber workert]
are still on strike in Michigan dls-T
trfcts, where the battle began sevens
weeks ago In spite of capitalistic]
press reports to the contrary.
The Timber Workers' Union, tol
District No. 2, which embrace*!
Michigan and Wisconsin, ls In]
charge of the strike. Munishing III
the only place where the striker*]
have returned to work.
Lumber and shingles are In tread
demand and It Is predicted that thlij
fact, coupled with the lighting]
spirit of the men, will ln a shora
time compel the surrender of thi]
Atlantic City—A strike which ti
threatening the foundations of At]
luntlc  City society occurred her<|
when   the   1600   members   cf thl
Chair Pushers' Union, Local 1732?]
of   the   American   Federation
Labor, walked out or rather stop
ped walking out.   The strikers de
mand a closed shop with the privl
lege of wearing uuion  buttons, t
minimum scale of 60 cents an how
for single or double chairs and 7i
cents for triple' chairs.    It Is ei
pected that the wheel chair owner
will shortly be compelled to con;
cede the Workers' demands as th
walkout has occurred at the heigh
of   the   pushing   season   and   m
strikebreakers   can   he   found   t<|
serve the great un pushed.
Patronize Federatlonist advert!*]
•rs and tell them why you do so.
Plain Folks
Like Brace's
- A plain kind of a man came
In the other day and said he
liked the way this store looks.
Then he remarked that It
ought to be easy to find a suit
of underwear, because it was all
out where he could see lt.
He bought two suits.
And that Is the kind of a store Bruce's is.   It's plain and sensible—plain prices and the goodS'Out for handling.
Summer     Underwear,
'' fronrrOBc per garment


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