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British Columbia Federationist Nov 30, 1923

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industrial unity: strength _*>.       Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
Labor Representation Committee
Draft Platform for the
Sohool Board
Propose Self-supporting Men and
Women be Given Preference as Teachers       •
-T-HE Labor Representation com-
mittee for Vancouver and districts held a most business like meeting at headquarters on Wednesday
evening. There was a full attendance
of delegates, and the programme for
school trustees was dealt with clause
by clause. It reads as Anally adopt-
(1) The Elimination of.military
training ln schools.
(2) AH schools to be maintained
on a non-sectarian basis.
(8) Curtailment of "home-work'
as it ls detrimental to children's
(4) We are ln favor of free textbooks and school supplies.
(5) That self-supporting men
and women, .other things boing
equal, be given the preference when
employed as teachers,
Following delegates were appointed
to act as a campaign committee, with
power to add to their numbers: W-
Dunn, A. S. Wells, W. Page, S. Trel-
fall, A. Andre, W. A. Alexander, F.
L. Hunt, D. Coleman and J. Dodson.
This committee will open and issue
subscription lists to add to the cam
_ palgn funds.
South Vancouver—Following were
named as a campaign committee with
1 power to add. Delegates Fadgam,
1 Trelfall, Mrs. Drummond, Mengel,
, Smith, Preston, Harris, Hardy, Woods,
f and Hankin.
J. R. Flynn acted as chairman of
1 the meeting?, and F. L. Hunt, secre
tary. New delegates in attendance
■ were; R. G. Holmes, M. J. Young,
IW. A. Alexander, Walter Dingle (Bur
| naby) and F. L. P. Hurdo.
The next meeting wilt be held Wed
I nesday      evening,    December    5,  at
8 p.m.
Trades    and    Labor    -Council    WIU
Move  to  Holden  Building
December 1st
Headquarters of labor organizations affiliated with the Trades and
Labor council will be moved from
319 Pender street to the Holden
building, 1ft Hastings street west, ori
December 1. The Trades and Labor
council will be on the eighth floor
of the Holden building. The large
meeting hall will be on the second
floor and smaller meeting halls on
the third floor. Notice of the coming move has been posted in the
present quarters.
[ Nobody Seems to Have Real Confidence in Policy of Prime
Minister Baldwin
, Labor Party Is Gaining Ground
Every Day as Campaign
[Labor Press Service}
| J ONDON, NOV. 17.—Nobody seems
1 to have any real confidence in the
policy of Premier Stanley Baldwin.
He is too small a man for the task
he has undertaken. His speeches on
the tariff question have been extremely feeble, without any distinction of phrasing or vigor of thought.
Mr. Baldwin modestly disclaims any
exceptional gifts. But it Is only a
man of exceptional gifts who can
carry a political party through a
contest such as he has provoked; and
it Is not surprising, therefore, that his
party has begun very seriously to
doubt both his wisdom ln raising the
arlff issue and his ability to lead it.
tie has, however, gone too far now to
retreat. He has announced his conviction that tariffs are the only cure
'or unemployment. Ho now seeks
he necessary authority from the
electorate to give effect to his belief
hat he has found a cure for unemployment that has somehow escaped
he notice of the tariff makers of
ither countries. It Is indeed rldicu-
ous that the prime minister should
>e entangling himself and his party
n the crude fallacies of protection
vhllst Europe is rushing down the
tteep slope to ruin and dissolution.
3ut tt Is all the more necessary that
abor should press home Us Indtct-
nent against the Incompetence and
evlty of the government in these
.trcumstances. In this regard the
abor party Is gaining ground every
lay the campaign lasts.
peprlveB Baker of Living und Compels Girl to Leave School nnd
Go to Work
A few days ago a class of school
I,Iris was Invited to Inspect the way
tread ts made in these modern days.
'here happened to be present one of
he girls whose father ls a baker, and
- idle because of the so-called modern
iakery. The machine has takon the
fork from him, and thus he Is unfile to support himself and family.
I could not help thinking that tho
inker's machine Is all right to look at
•ut it will drive mc from school to
tarn my own living," says the stu-
lont girl, "Dad cannot koop me now
it schooot. The beautiful machine
iat cut off our bread and deprived us
bf a living. Why patronize machlne-
pnade bread?"—Com,
Why Pay Rent?
Why should you pay rent? I am
not mad when I say that! If we were
organized on the linos of a community
of interests there would be no talk of
"rent," says J. Hayes, M.P.
Despite Reports of "Business As
Usual" on Waterfront,
It Is Not
Former  President McLellan of
Nova Scotia Steel Workers
Before Commission
It Is No Longer a Question of
'' Reds' '—The Referendum
Settled That
(Editorial Longshoremen's Strike
*T>HE Btrike in the ports of B. C,
has now been ln existence for
seven weeks. Despite tho reports of
"business us usual," of increased efficiency on the part of the scabs, of
enormous quantities of cargo loaded
and discharged, the average thinking
person of the city of Vancouver
knows that conditions are in no way
approximating .normal. The retail
merchants have this brought home
to them every timo they take an accounting.
Under existing socinl conditions lt
will be admitted that both the members of the Shipping Federation and
the Longshoremen's Unton agree
upon one thing—the .smooth and efficient operation of the water transport industry of Vancouver Is conducive of tho welfare of both organization!-.
Being so, how happens it that the
largest transportatiln company of
tho federation, not to say tho world,
—a compnny which has received almost unexcelled service In the
handling of its ocean liners—which
Is not directly affected by the demand for the five per cent, bonus
on lumber, nor by the commodity
rate on wheat, should be prepared
to disturb the even routine of its operations by entering into a strike
such as that now In existence.
We can easily understand the Fink
hall advocates, representing the
Ameriean interests, who are engaged
In the carrying of lumber to the
Orient and the Atlantic coast being
desirous of beating down the demand of the bonus on lumber despite the Increase tn the carrying
charges. We can understand thetr
desiro to put into operation the
"plan" they have put in operation
In somo ports to the south. We can
also understand the desire of the
representative of the C.G.M.M. to
gain a reputation by keeping down
wnges and possibly increasing profits.
As stated, we can understand the
actions of the latter named interests,
but we will be contlnentally damned
If we can understand the logic behind tho action of the C.P.R. Can
it lio thnt thoy wore not fully informed on the situation? We presume, very strongly, thnt they, were
not. There appenrs to be an Ethiopian In somebody's woodpile.
It Ib no longer a quostion of "rods."
The referendum settled that. It ts
a question of thc doublo-cross and
who hung it up. In view of tho situation as outlined we can guess In
onco. As we snid, there Is n colored
gentleman in a woodpile, and you
can bet your last nickel tt Isn't our
British capitalists opened 75 jute
mills In India, paid the operatives
there 3s. a week wages, and then said
thoy would protect the jute workers
In Dundee by raising the tariff on
Imported goods, says Mr. Saklatvala,
Oalgary Labor Party Nominates
Candidates for Oity Council
and Sohool Board
[Special to The Federatlonist]
CALGARY, Alta., Nov. 27.—Tho
Dominion Lnbor party of this city
has placed four candidates In the
field for the city council, namely:
Aid. A. Davison, Aid. Walter Little.
Atd. R. Parkyn nnd Job. L. Aaron.
For the school board: T, B. Riley,
Robt. Cameron and Goorge MoMroy,
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Recognition of Union by Employers Only Solution to Deal
with Industry
■[DISCRIMINATIONS againBt employees, long hours of work, low pay,
and the refusal of the right of collective bargaining, were the principal reasons for the recent strike at
the steel plant was the opinion expressed recently to the members of
the royal commiBBlon by Arthur McLellan, a former president of the Steel
Workers'  union.
In his opinion the industrial unrest which lt fs claimed has existed
at the plant was due entirely to local conditions tn the steel plant itself.
Referring to his own personal experience, aB a former employee of
the company, he said that he had
been dismissed because he had refused to take another man's place
during tho rallwaymen's strike of
1921, and had been unable to obtain employment since.
Incipient strikes had taken place
among the craft unions for the past
few years. The newly organized
steel workers' union In 1917 had
made an effort to obtain an increase
in wageB and' better working conditions, but the company had refused
their demands. Incensed with the
treatment they had received during
the war period, the men, while too
patriotic to strike, felt that they
were not too patriotic to go to
church, so they decided to take Sun
days off from work. Some 2,300
men were affected by this decision
until the men secured a small in
crease from three to six cents ai
hour. The witness complained that
the action of the company in mak*
Ing their Increases on a ten per cent,
basis, was unjustly unfair to the low
paid men! and the organization had
always tried to get a better rate for
them, and on, one occasion the high
er paid men had agreed to forego
their increase if the difference was
paid to the men getting the small
rate, but this tho company had refused to agree to,
The union members, who were
not recognized as such, but as plant
committees, when they endeavored
to meet with the officials were accorded great discourtesy during the
time that the late Mr. Rice was su
perintendent of the plant.
Mr. McLellan cited several cases
of this kind to the commissioners,
and referred to the hardships experienced by many of the low paid
men, who had bought Victory bonds
during the war, when a 20 per cent,
cut In wages was made by the company. In 1921 there had been a
total reduction of 40 per cent, in
tho men's wages.
He was refused work and was
compelled to remain idle for many
months, until ho was appointed to
the secretaryship of the Steel Work'
ers' union.
Mr. McLcIli'ii spoke of the trip of
the citizens' committee to Ottawa
for tho purposo of obtaining a rail
order to provide work for the workmen at the plant, and which they
had been successful In obtaining. A
second trip was made later for the
same purpose, but tho governmont
had rofuaed to give the steel company any more orders, and tho committee was told, according to Mr. McLellan, that the first order was only
given to provido work for the men.
The only solution of dealing with
Industrial conditions In the plant,
wns for tho corporation to recognize
an Industrial organization such as
the Steel Workers' union, wus the
opinion expressed  by  Mr.   McLellan.
Labor's Candidate for Mayor
Organize tho Unemployed
The unions should take a prominent, If not leading part ln the organization of the unemployed, for
they are surely going to suffer if the
unemployed are left helplessly unorganized and ln a condition which
makes of them an Instrument for
lowering the already low standard of
living.*—Toronto Worker.
Current of Trnde
Trado no longer follows the flag; lt
follows the current of International
amity, says J. R. Clynes, M.P.
Long-shoremen Win
A Norfolk. Va., despatch says that
after a month's strike longshoremen
in that city won the union shop and
secured n wage rate of 75 cents an
hour for Btrolgh* i!mo and $1.0" an
hour  for  overtime.
Touting   for   InunlgfrnntK
Thero Ih too much touting for emigrants and thon leaving them to
stew in thoir own Juice, says R. B.
l'i-i-4'hnslng Power of Wages
The first effoct of reducing wages
Ih to reduce tho purchasing powor of
the people, says W. Strakor.
Winnipeg, Including Mayor Farmer, Returns Eight
WINNIPEG, Nov. 27.—The election
of W. A. James and re-election of
Aid. H. Jones for ward threo increases labor representation ln 1924
city council from six to seven, excluding Mayor S. J. Farmer, who was
re-elected. The city council is comprised of the mayor und 18 aldermen.
Baltimore & Ohio Railway Stands
Out from Most Roads of
United States
Leader in Settlement of the Shop
Strike of 1922 Accords
Union Recognition
UpALTIMORE & Ohio Shows Huge
JL* Gains," reads1*1)! recent headline In the New York Times. Railroad men and financial experts everywhere are commenting on the fact
that the Baltimore & Ohio stands
out from most of the roads of the
country, not merely in improved
financial condition, but also in the
Improved condition of its equipment
and its service. This Ib a double
victory, for the money spent to Improve equipment rapidly would normally reduce the net earnings. The
Baltimore & Ohio waB a leader In the
settlement of the shop strike of 1922
and not only accords full recognition to the organized shopmen, but
has recently entered into an agreement with them for constructive cooperation.
Scottish Social and Dance
The Pender hall wttl be re-opened
for the winter season to-morrow
(Saturday) evening, by a grand Scottish social dance, to which all labor
representatives and their friends are
cordially welcomed. There wtll be a
good floor committee working, so that
everyone is assured of a pleasant
time. It is the intention of tho committeo to have these dances every
Saturday evening during the  season.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Trades and Labor
Council I.L.A. Fund
All renders of The Federatlonist
Now Cnn Help longshoremen nnd
their families to endure,
REALIZING thst there are many reid
era of The Federatlonist who, though
not organlied, and accordingly unable lo
contribute through unions, nr*
(1) In Bympathy with the Longshoremen nnd thoir farilllcH In their stnicitle
for justlre on lho wntiTfront, and
(2) RnroRiiUu the identity of Interests
of all worker* in their strncKles far fair
waif s and work ini: condltlona and A
higher ninulard of living, and
(8) Wonld welcome the opportunity tn
contribute to n fund to help cnalilc the
Longshoremen to endure until a fair settlement Is obtained,
Tho B. 0. Federationlit Is opening its
columns to the establishment of the
Trades and Labor Council I. L. A. fund.
Contribution!! should be sent to or left
with Vorcy R, HongOtlgh, secretary of the
Trades nnd Lnbor Council, and member
of the editorial bonrd nf The Ii. C. Fed-
rnitinnlst. Do the holt you can, nnd Do
It Now.
Fill Out thc Blank Below:
Percy R, Bengough, Secretary Tradea and
Ubor Council, Holdon Building,  Vancouver. B, C.
Please find enclosed ■
for tbr Trade* nnd Labor Council I. L. A.
Aid. Pettipiece Nominated by L.
B. 0. and Trades and
Labor Oounoil
Labor Wishes to Emphasise Ne
oessity of His Supporters
Attending Meetings
FOR the flrst time ln the hiBtory of
of the local labor movement, it
has been decided to place a candidate
ln the field for the office of mayor of
the city of Vancouver. Aid. R. P.
Pettipiece, who was nominated by
the Federated Labor party two years
ago as a candidate for the aldermanlc
board of the city and who was then
elected, and re-elected laet year at
the head of the poll, has been chosen
as the standard bearer of labor on
thia occasion.
The nomination has met with the
hearty approval of organized labor.
The Lalior Representation committee,
a delegate body, has accepted and
approved of the nomination of Aid,
Pettipiece and he has been unanimously endorsed by the Trades and
Labor council. This action confirms
Aid. Pettipiece as the official nominee
of the labor movement in this city
he alone possesses these credentials
from labor. This tribute of labor to
one who has been associated with the
cause for over a quarter of a century
and who has actively worked through
out that time for the advancement
of labor and has been ever associated
with all those sturdy workers laboring for the Bame objective, Is an hon*
or fittingly bestowed.
Practically every labor organization
ln Vancouver Js making contributions
towards the election of Aid, Pettlplece,
both financially and ln the matter of
volunteer workers. With Buch unity
of purpose is Vancouver's army of
labor marshalling Itself for the election of Aid. Pettipiece, that his success at the polls is beyond any question of doubt. Labor ls Bolld for
Pettipiece and he is as solidly for
During his last two years on the
city council the work and record of
Aid.. Pettipiece has been of such
nature as to win and retain tho con
fldence of the workers of this city.
What he has accomplished has been
the means of unifying all the ramifications of labor In an unyielding
determination to elect Pettipiece to
the position of mayor.
A further inspiration to Vancouver labor is the magnificent showing
made by Mayor S. J. Farmer of Winnipeg who but a few days ago was
elected to n second term as labor
mayor of Manitoba's chief city, What
Is particularly gratifying to all labor
men fn Canada ln this connection ls
the fact that the contest In Winn!
peg was one of the hardest fought
in the history of that city and yet
Labor emerged with a majority of
over 5,000—and most significantly a
greater majority than Mayor Farmer
secured last year when he first entered
the mayoralty Hutu. And a further
tribute to the citizens of Winnipeg
to tho integrity of labor is tho fact
that an additional labor alderman was
elocted there this year—giving labor
eight among the eighteen representa'
tlves on the city council.
It fs pertinent at this point to once
again mention the fact that Winnipeg
Is not alone in Western Canada in
placing labor nt the helm in the con
trol of civic and provincial legislative
bodies. At Brandon, Reglna, Medicine Hat, Lethbridge, Calgary and
Edmonton one or more representatives of lnbor are seated in the municipal nnd othor councils.
After all said and dono the workers of Great Britain are showing the
way. Tho result of their offorts for
tho pnst half century is but now
materializing. The workers hero are
but seeking to emulate the example
of their old eountry brethren. The
policies of tho labor movoment in
the old country are standing the test,
nnd it need cause no surprise lf on
Wednesday next, J. Ramsey Macdonald, as official leader In the British house of commons, may be called
upon to assume the responsibility of
forming the next government of Oreat
Oettlng back to Vancouvor, tho constant and active participation of Aid,
Pettipiece In the everyday problems
of labor hns been a splendid schooling. His intimate knowledge of the
lubor movement eminently qualifies
him for the task now given him by
his follow workers.
Organized labor wishes to emphasize the necessity of friends anil supporters of the labor movement not.
onty attending the meetings being
addressed by Aid. Pettlplece throughout tho city, nnd to Impress upon them
the vital need of going to the polls
on Derembcr 12th and there registering their choice for tho mayoralty.
This is a splendid opportunity for
labor to mako a valuable contribution 'to the community lifo of Vancouver and thus stimulate Increasing
Intereat in tho alms and objects of
tho organizod  lnbor movement.
A. A. Brookhouse, formerly of Burnaby school board, has been nskod to
be a candidate as pnrk commissioner.
Well-Known as Popular MuirtcJan of
This City Dies Early Monday
Mrs. Maude S. Taylor, wife of
Harold Taylor, both well-known musicians of this city, died early Monday morning. Death was caused by
a rupture of the pulmonary artery.
Mrs. Taylor had a host of friends
tn musical circles, as she was an
accomplished performer on both
the piano and violin, and had been
for the past. 12 years associated with
most of the theatre orchestras ln
and around Vancouver. She leaves
to mourn her loss, besides her husband, one sister In Scotland and t
brother, James Kerr, also a musician, of San Francisco. The funeral will bo held from the undertaking parlors of Center & Hanna under the auspices of the Musicians'
union, of which Bhe was a member.
B. McLachlan Now in a Nova
Scotia Jail has Oreat Confidence in Outlook
Why Many Trades Union Officials
%     Start as Militants and
End Bureaucrats
tJ.  8. Wallace In Glace Bay Labor
"FOLLOWING are eome noteB of a
conversation held with J. B. MacLachlan, secretary of the Nova Scotia
Miners' union, Jailed because he
faithfully served the minera:
"They have a saying In the penitentiary that your friends remember
you for a day, your sweetheart for
a year, your mother for ever. However, my experience hasn't given me
any excuse to complain.
"And If I find the time moving
too slow all I have to do le to follow
the farmera' plan. They say if you
want a short winter, all you have to
do Is endorse a ninety-day note for
a friend.
"That recalls the story of the
irishman 'wh&ae son was drinking
too heavily. The old man pointed
out to the younger ono that If he
swore off, his life would be greatly
prolonged. After- some time the
young chap tested It out. 'At the end
of a month on the water wagon, ho
returned and said: 'You were right
about keeping sober prolonging the
life. This Is the longest month I
ever spent.'
"Tho only difference between jail
and a job is that here I am separated from my wife and family. Under capitalism all the workers are in
jail all the time. And lots of them
haven't got the security of shelter and
food that Is offered In a penitentiary.
"You recall what Thoreau said
when his friend Ralph Emerson
visited him at the time of the agitation agalnBt chattel slavery. 'David,'
said Ralph, 'what are you doing in
"Tho reply came like a shot:
•Ralph, what are you doing out
Reference boing made to the fact
that ho and Joe Howe were both
tnied for sedition nnd thnt Howe
now has a monument to hfm almost
In the shadow of the jnll whore Mac-
Lachlin now Is, the latter jokingly
said: "When you build mine, build
it where I will havo something worth
looking at; place mc in the Saut
Market In Glasgow where I can watch
the  workers gather.
"You cannot permanently bring
peaco to tho workors under capitalism. To rctnin the confidence and
maintain the Interests of the WorkerH won have to lead them from
struggle to struggle. But If you got
out of line with lhe other sections
of tho working clnfls nrmy, your head
Is lopped off. Faced by this dilemma, you can easily understand why
so many trades union officials who
start as militants end as bttrcaucratB,
bleeding Instead of leading the work-
era. They nro thinking of their own
HkinH, their own sinecures"
Vietoria s-ngshomat- An Row
Determined M 3Bwr to
Fight to a Finiih
Lumber Villi Waiting for a Settlement of Dispute to Bun
Doable 8W_t
IPren Committee, Local 18-461
VICTORIA, Nov. 28.—At the end
of dx weeks the strike on the
Vlctorla| waterfront atlll continues,
with all the members of local 88-48
standing firm, and as determined to
•fight to a finish as on the first day
of the strike. While Victoria Is
mostly a port of* call for shipping,
the little freight handled here ha*
been nothing but a losing proposition for the boss. Strikebreakers
from' the "professional classes, a few
ex-army officers and cripples, go to
make up the organisation known as
the Independent Waterfront Workers' union. At the head of thts are
three officers of the local O.W.V.A.
For the first four weeks the bosses
provided transportation to and from
the docks. However, tbis could not
last, and now they have to pay their
own fare or walk.
It is stated on good authority that
one of our lumber mills ls waiting
for a settlement of the B. C. waterfront dispute, to inaugurate a double
shift at their mill. This doeB not
look like efficiency on the part of
scabdom. The -Handling 'of lumber
on ships ls a trained man's Job. The
only place to procure lumber
handlers Is at the Union hall. Glimmerings of light regarding this fact
have recently penetrated 'the mind of
the Shipping Federation. The lumber Interests grasped this first, and
it Is evident they want*, "business as
usual." ■-...
Neither protection nor emigration la
a solution of the unemployment problem, says B. D. Morel, M.P.
For Alleged Strike Under Compulsory Arbitration Law
of K. S. W.
Mlno Offered to Workors
New Zealand miners are considering
a proposnl by the government to tako
over a big stale-owned mine on a cooperative basis. The men would supply labor, materials, and HuperviHlon
being provided by the state.
Aldermanic and School Board Aspirants Will Contest Ed-
monton Elections
(Special to The Federatlonist 1
EDMONTON, Alta., Nov. 27. —
The Canadian Labor parly has nominated candldatea to contest the civic
lections of tbis city. Thoy aro: For
olty council—-Aid. James East, J. W.
Findlay*) II. .1. l'allot. J. Lakeman,
the last named for the south side.
For public school board—8. A. O.
UarneH, Dr. F. Crang. Robt. Mc-
Printer*  Hade a Demand  for
Forty-four Hours and Five
Days a Week
CYDNEY, Australia, Nov. 1G.—Judge
^ Curlew is of the New South Wales
state industrial arbitration court, recently lined the Amalgamated Printing Employees' unton £110 (about
(500) for an Illegal strike. Under the
Now South Wales Industrial arbitration Inw cessation of work as a persuasive measure to bring employers to
their senses and lead them to the light
of trade union principles Is lllegnl for
unions registered under the act.
Unions arc liable to a penalty of £500
(about $2500) every dny during
such a strike. The printing employeos' union uss registered under
thc arbitration law. Its membors had
the -H-hour weok ovor six days, with
overtime provided for, Tho union
made a demand for the -14-hour weok
over live days. Tho employors refused to concede tho domand.
Tho union officiate then told the employors that unloss the 44-hour wook
over five days was granted no overtime would l)c worked, and perhaps
lho men would not be found at work
on Saturday. Tho employers remained obdurate. Thc employees kept their
word and refused tp work overtime.
The employers haled the union oitl-
cials before tho arbitration court on
tho charge of sanctioning an Illegal
strike, Judge Curiewld nustalnod the
employers and Imposed the £100 line
with the wnrnfng that If tho union
was brought before him again on a
similar charge the penalty would bo
Hnnd your neighbor this copy or
The Federatlonist, and then cull
around next day lor a subscription.
In Timo   Will   Possess' due   of   the
Biggest rinnni-iul Powers In
the Country
Roger Rabson, a business expert,
o whom the big interests go for advico upon industrinl and economic
problems, gives forth thin startling
announcement, which is causing tho
capitalistH serious thought: "If
Labor caves Mm money nnd puts it
Into a common fund, It will in time
posHoss ono of tho biggest financial
powers In tho country. Wo regard
ttiIh movo vory seriously. The combined financial power of Labor Is
almost unllmltod."
Tho Unknown Soldier has his monument. Tho Unhung Profiteer has bis
laugh.   (H.L.M,)—Toronto   Worker. PAGE TWO
fifteenth year.  No. 48 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b.c.
FRIDAY..: Novemher 30, 1928
Published every Friday by
The   British   Columbia   Federatlonist
Businoss Office:  1120 Howe Streot
Editorial Offlce: Room 306—319 Fender W.
Editorial Board: P. R. licngoufth, R. H. Neel*
 anda, Qeorge Bartley.	
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, 93.00 per year; Canada, $9.50 per
year, $1.50 for six months; to Unions subscribing ln a body, 18c per member per
Patty of Labor   Thy Hope of the World
FRIDAY Novemher 30, 1923
AS NOMINATION day draws near
the- interest in the civio elections
Increases. The labor candidates are
meeting with all sorts of encouragement and promises of support. Their
chances of success, are eagerly discussed by the opposition, which fact
goes without saying la a very healthy
sign of the limbs. The nominees of
the Labor Representation .committee
have been carefully chosen as being
able and suitable representatives of
organized 'labor—both as to character and business ability. Aid. Pettlplece, the mayoral nominee, has had
30 years' experience in the workers*
movement. What he does not know
about labor legislation is not worth
knowing, and, therefore, should poll
a large vote. The campaign meetings held In one place or another
throughout the city every night are
being well attended. If the onthu
siaam manifested, at these gatherings
is any criterion to go by, then the
"whole slate".is sure of election,
Electors must not forget the experience of last year when the little bird
shut off the "juice" and the street
cars stopped running between the
hours of 5 p.m. and the closing of
the polls at 7 o'clock. This prevented
hundreds of working men and women reaching the polls in time to cast
their ballots. Voters should vote
early in case of another accident of
this nature. Following Is the labor
(1) That the union rate of wages
be the minimum.
(2) That forty four hours a week
be the maximum. .
(3) That we are In favor of day
labor on all civic and municipal work
(4) That we are In favor of owning and controlling all public utilities each to be organized and administered by separate departments.
(5) That public aervice should be
rendered at cost.
(6) That police commissioners be
elected by popular vote.
(7) That we are in favor of the
abolition of property qualifications
for public office.
Late advices from Victoria Indi
cato that the proposed Eight-hour
bill of tho government will be put
through thia session, but not without
considerable opposition. The working people have been gulled so many
times by politicians (hat they would
not be the least bit surprised if it
Is shelved or put. over for .another
timo. Or, if it is carried, tha hill
may contain a "joker" clause, sm-
rop'iliously inserted somehow, somewhere—just to make lt bogus labor
legislation; or,- U mayh.e, that it will
havo a lino or two extra just for good
measure, so as to give the gentlemen
at fdtawa an opportunity to deuluri
yno her B. C. act uhconatituU.jna' -
as being in restraint of trade, or some
other trumped-up axcuse In ordor to
throw it (n the attorney-general's
waste basket ("garbage can" sounds
moro appropriate).
Harry Neelands, M.P.P., In his recent speech in the legislature, polntad
out the great noed there exists for a
bona fide eight-hour law. Ho drew
attention to the fact that there were
some 34,000 mon in this province,
reported to tho labor department,
working more than 48 hours a weok;
10,700 worked GO hours, 256 worked
90 hours, nnd ono 104 hours. Yot,
In the face of these figures, there
are employers, as woll na public men,
It la regretted to say, who opposo the
eight-hour day, The country would
be far better off without an industry that ennnot afford to pay decent
wages for an honoHt day's work.
The great hordes of humanity today, so far as creature comforts go,
are far behind their ancestors who
lived in the fifteenth century, Then
tho wages were sufficient lo provide
plenty of good food and necessaries.
These conditions do not exlBt todny.
Four hundred years ago the average
labor day was eight hours, with
plenty of church holidays to provide
leisure. In this twentieth century,
•with all Its marvellous advancement
In machinery and science, and, in
British Columbia whore thore Is full
and plenty for evory one, workers
are compelled to work excessive hours
for starvation wages.
Outclassed In argument, the advocates and supporters of the "long-
hour short-pay day" reBort to all
kinds of subterfuge and underhand
methods, through which to block
legislation beneficial to the great
. masses. At Victoria this weok the
powerful lumber Interests were lobbying to defeat tho Eight-hour bill.
No stone is being left unturned,
either inside or outside the provincial legislature, to bring pressure to
bear on the government to turn down
the shorter work-day measure. Thus
the Vancouver World, the liberal organ, says:
Tho most flagrant Instance of this
(Insidious scheme)  occurred at Che
mainus the other day. after the big
mill thero had been burned down. "If
the Eight-hour day bill passes we
shall not build another mill," Manager Palmor told the employees whom
he had assembled for the purposo of
Inducing them under threat of losing their means of livelihood, to petition against it.
Tho Chemainus mill and the vast
timber limits attached to it are said
to be the property of a big foreign
company which, not content with exploiting the natural resources of the
country, largely by moans of Oriental labor, would also bulldoze white
citizens of British Columbia. The
word "bulldoze" ls used advisedly,
for, bofore tne fire and long after it
was known the bill was coming up,
Mr. Palmer was busy on plans for
enlarging the mill. Opulent autocrats such as Mr. Palmer, representing- foreign interests, will have
to be taught that this.is a freo country and not merely a private preserve
to be donuded of Its natural resources
as, when an how thoy seo fit without regard to tho rights' of tho peo-
Edmonton  Owes  $82,000,000—18
Oause of Present Situation
in That Oity
Lecture on Biology by Dr.
W. Curry Last Friday Night
Proposed to Reduce Civic Expenditure by a 10% Out
in Wages
T-HE average worker who pajs his
taxes and makes an honest endeavor to understand where the money
goes, must have been filled with dismay when confronted with the recent array of figures contained In
the commissioners' report, says a re-
pfe if°the pr_v'i'no_,"'whet.i'6r"'_r,'n.t'con' *'<*'<>mmt ■<•'""''■ *>* ■*« °ai*a-
their omployeeB. t,'an Laabor party of Edmonton.
What tho Commissioners Say
The commissioners say: "It is im-.
possible for tho country or any community to develop if production is
retarded by excessive taxation. It is
imperative that we change our idea
of getting all that is Ideal until we
can pay for It, and ln the meantime
get the best we can afford to pay
They then proceed with their
elaborate report and conclude by
giving certain recommendations
which are supposed to be of such a
naturo that production will not be
The city owes thirty-two million
dollars to the banks and bondholders.
The Interest on this sum amounts to*
over $1,600,000 per year. This
money is a first charge on all taxes
collected. It must be raised and paid
promptly on the dot in order that
the city may retain its good name
among the moneylenders. This burden of debt is the cause of the present grave situation of the city today,
The labor press throughout the continent has been of late commenting
In a sympathetic way over the demise of the New York Daily Leader,
lho property of tho unions of the
city. It was a good labor daily
newspaper with a circulation of about
19,000. Here it may be added that
tho combined circulation of all the
labor dailies in the United States Is
estimated at 152,000, as against 33,-
000,000 of the capitalist dailies. The
Christian Science Monitor of Boston,
prints tho following very commend-
ablo editorial, under the heading
Labor's Paper Suspends:"
Porhaps it waa Inevitable that the
Now York Leader, the dally paper
owned by the labor unions and dedicated to their servioe, should be forcod to suspend publication. The
Leader was ably edltod and presented
certain special features which were
unique. It was avowedly devoted to
the journalistic service of a single
Perhaps its failure was due to
the fact that, howevor earnestly the A further burden is to be placed upon
leaders of the labor unions Insist up-ftnem in tne f°rm °* increased taxa-
on the recognition and development
of class spirit, workingmen as a whole
do not manifest that spirit. To be
seen reading the Leader was equivalent to a proclamation of membership In the laboring class. As a re-
It, Innumerably more worklngtmen
gave their daily support to the papers
which In their union meetings they
would denounce as capitalistic. Per
haps along with the failure of Labor
to rally as a unit around Its newspaper organ went the united opposition of the capitalistic forces.
In the copies of the Leader whi6h
we had occasion to examine, the ad
vertislng of the great stores of New
York was noticeably absent. It
would be idle for the managers of
these stores to assert that the advertising was withheld because the
class to which the Leader was supposed to appeal was noi a money1
spending class. As matters now stand
the forces of organized labor represent emphatically a highly prosperous element in the community. The
very small amount of general advertising whtch appeared in the Leader,
and for lack of which it has been compelled to suspend publication., therefore can only be ascribed to the fact
that the advertisers did not care to
entourage a paper devoted to the advancement of the union idea.
From this it would seem to follow
that the Leader's failure Is Indicative,
first, of the lack of the solidarity
among the unions in support of their
own orgnn; and, secondly, that the
lahor union programme has become
snch that the heads of great enterprises, mercantile or flnnncial. are
solidly antagonistic to it. If Labor is
to have a paper—and It surely has
the strength to develop one—these
two conditions must be corrected,
and thoy can be corrected only by the
union forces themsolves.
Will it be a hot contest?
Organized labor Is well represented
ln the civic campaign.
Are you giving any thought to your
Christmas gifts before the rush of
shoppers start.
One wouldn't worry vory much
about paying Income tax if one only
had an income.
Talking about tho waterfront
strike the other day, a local bank
employee said thai "Vancouver should
purge Itself of undesirable persons.'
Asked what he considered to be an
undesirable person, ho replied thnt
he thought "an undoslrahlo was one
who had no bank account." What
do you think about that?
Promier Baldwin says that a protective tariff means more work and
a highor standard of life. Lord
Hugh Cecil, one of the most distinguished members of the Conservative party, writes to the Times, Novembor 6, 1923: "Unemployment
would, I believe, be diminished If
there wore a general lowering of
wages below the pre-war level."
Here you have the roal tory attitude
towards wages!
Story of 100 Words
A boy In 't London", Ontario, school
Was told to \v-;\\*_ a s-.ory of 100 words
on an automobile trip. His story, as
quoted by the London Advertiser, wns
an follows:
Father bought a new car and we all
went for a ride. He and ma sat In
front and Joe and Mary and I In the
back. It wont fine until wo came to a
curve ln the road and father did not
tako tho curve but Instead went In the
ditch nnd 'iv.r the ditch Into a fence
and through tho fence into a del"*,
and across tho fiold to where there
was a big tree standing. Ho did not
not go round tho treo, but right into
tho tree and the car wns all busted
P, S.—That makes 07 words and
what father Bald will round out Ihe
100 you asked for.
tion—the rental tax—and In the form
of the lowering of the wages of wage
workers. This lowering of wages
must ultimately result In a reduced
standard of living for all the workers
in the city.
Reduction of Wages
It is proposed as a first means of
economy to lower the wages of the
city employees by ten per cent., thus
accomplishing a saving of 9250,000.
On the other hand it is proposed that
business tax rates to the banks and
express companies be reduced from
25 per cent, to 20 por cent, wholesale merchants, professions and insurance companies from 15 per cent,
to 12 per cent, and retail merchants
from 10 per cent, to 7 per cent,
This reduction in taxes will result In
a saving of f395,000 per year to
firms and business houses, of which
the principals in the majority of
cases are not residents. The quarter of a million dollars deducted
from tho wage workers will not balance this $395,000, so by a rental
tax and othor economies on the living conditions df the city, the commissioners'- scheme to bring their
savings up to $479,000, leaving a very
small balance over the ?395,000 they
propose to give away.
This $479,000 ls going to be used
to help to reduce the taxation of the
express companies and the big merchants. It simply means that the
burden of this huge dobt Is to be
shifted from the shoulders of those
best able to bear it to the shoulders
of the hard-working citizens who are
already groaning under an unjust
burden at the present time.
Who Are the Citizens?
Bank directors do not live ln Edmonton. The bondholders don't live
hero oither. A reduction in taxation to them will not be a reduction
to citizens of Edmonton but to citizens of ■ other cities. Directors of
express companies, etc., also live in
other cities, and probably in countries other than Canada. Few businoss places of importance are owned
by persons who nro citizens of Edmonton. The Hudson's Bay directors
live In Britain—the local establishments af the Massey Harris company,
Itovillona, Helntzmans, the International Harvesters, the Insurance
compnnies—in fact, tho larger numbor of the bigger business places on
Jasper uvenue, etc., are only branches
kept going by managers and staff,
who belong to the class of wage
workers in the city.
Ail' tho Banks and thc Corporations
Losing Property?
The commissioners' report states
that much of the property within the
city is being- expropriated by the city
because of the excessive tax rate.
How much did all the banks combined lose due to the same inability
to pay their taxes? The reports of
the different banks from time to
time have shown they have paid
dividends equal to the war days. The
express companies, too, seem to do
better than the average worker In
making payment without any difficulty. The bankers, who are the
roal rulors of tho city, intend to keep
their profits up to the level of the
1916-18 poriod. Their slogan, apparently, Is "No reduction for the
bankers; no reduction to the profiteers of 1916-18." They Intend to
keep their profits at the expense of
the "peoplo who are already groaning under the biggest part of It and
who cannot boar any more. The
commissioners know this, but when
tho bankers crack tho whip • they
must move,
Tho profits of tho bankers and
bondholders are derived from the
labor of the workers and the small
businoss men In this as In other
cities. Their war-time profits were
high enough; yet they sny these
high profits must be maintained, even
THE origin  of  life on  earth was a°advisers"   when  they assert  that the
BtiK-A-,-*      _-_<      »___--_-___ 1       I __._*_.___. -._. Tk_      lann      .' *-.      _______     _.-      -,-.__ .      __._..        	
subject of special interest. The
speaker first quoted seme verses on
the Genesis of life, as taught by the
Hebrew Bible . and the Christian
church, and showed once more how
antagonistic • theology and science
must be. Christianity tells us that
the infinite mind was before and
was the "creator of all things, visible and Invisible," while the conclusion of modern science is, that life
and mind are functions of matter
and motion and that these are eternal and uncreateable. In fact, said
the speaker, there is a school of
eminent men which asserts that even
inorganic matter, even elements such
as hydrogen and oxygen, water or
common salt possess qualities of attraction and repulsion, that definite
forms of unity, such as crystals, are
evidences  of elementary mind.
It was shown that alt elements of
matter contained in lifo forms existed on this planet millions of years
before conditions ipermjtted life to
appear. In fact, the spectrdscope
shows that many of the elements
contained In our bodies, exist in vaporous form in the sun and in myriads of stars, which sparkle above us
at night and which are suns also.
Water, at tho Right Tom|>ernture<
Necessary for Life
Besides the stars, the sun and the
great planets, Jupiter and Saturn,
give evidence of being Intensely hot.
t-The moon pitted with craters,
through which molten matter escaped from Its interior. On the earth,
rock which has been burnt by fire,
is seen under the sedimentary deposits, while volcanoes and the fact
that the earth becomes one degree
hotter overy 50 feet we gp down,
proves that this world was also at
one time a globe of molten mineral
and gas. The scientists tell us that
hundreds, and probably thousands
of million years ago, water through
the union of hydrogen and oxygen
formed, and warm and shallow seas
covered the globe and In this primordial waters combinations of elements formed  and   life  began.
Some scientists assert today that
life is constantly evolving from inorganic matter, but the late Professor Huxley represented another
school when he said,—-"If It were
elven me to look beyond the abyss
of Geologically recorded time to
that remote period, when the earth
was passing through physical and
chemical conditions, which it can no
more see again than a man may recall his infancy, I should expect to
see the evolution of living protoplasm from non-living matter." Napoleon Interviewed Le Place, the
man who proclaimed how world's
were evolved. After the scientist had
explained his theory, Napoleon asked
the question, "Where does God function in this scheme?" The reply was,
"Sire, we have no need of that hypothesis," And yet, many today
make concessions    to  our "spiritual
though such a course should jeopardize the already low wages and
standard of living: of the workers.
The callousness of this proposition
could hardly be beaten.
Collective Bargaining
The Canadian Labor party have no
desire to interfere with any negotiations between city employees and
their respective boards, believing as
they do in the principle of collective
bargaining. If, on the other hand,
tho standard of living of the working
citizens is to be lowered ln order to
reduce the taxes of absentee landlords and bondholders, regardless of
the vicious effect on the trade and
credit of the working citizens, regardless of the fact that $400,000 purchasing powar will be lost to the
local business and professional men
who make their living in the city
and are dependent on the prosperity
of their fellow citizens for their live
lihood, then the Canadian Labor
party will oppose this attempt with
every means at its disposal.
leap from dead to living matter, or
from an Intelligent ape to a beastlal
savage   could   only   be  the  work  of
tho  "eternal mind,"
"Life, tho Result of Combination"
The speaker on Friday night mentioned some marvellous results arising from the combinations of elements. For instance, water, without
which no life ls possible, results
from the affinity of two gasses, hydrogen and oxygen, so entirely different from water and charcoal, hydrogen and oxygen make the deadly
prussic acid, when definitely combined.
Lester Ward, ln his Sociology, tells
of marvellous changes resulting from
different arrangements of the same
elements. For instance, sugar,
starch, gums, oils and glycerine are
all combinations of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, but in different
proportions or relations, and in the
primordial seas of this globe heat
and motion brought elements together in more and more complexities. But this desiro to evolve comes
from,, within matter Itself and not
from without, as the theological and
metaphysical schools assert.
The* chemist Is now able to build
up out of the elements substances
formally believed to be only procurable from animal or vegetable matter. For instance, alcohol, sugar,
glycerine and numerous drugs and
chemicals, such as adrenalin and cocaine, are now produced synthetically by the moern chemist. Morphine and strychnine contain the
same elements, and yet they are violently antagonistic in their effects,
and these marvellous properties are
due to the combinations of dead
The modern chemist has analyzed
the component elements of albumin,
which is found in the ,whlte of eggs
and animal tissue. This organic
compound consists of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and sulphur, and is said
to contain 578 atoms In combination,
but albumin is not alive.
Protoplasm, the Basis of Lifo
This marvellous substance contains
the same elements as albumin, but
is more complex, and so fnr has defied the power of the chemist to
produce. It Is found in the tissue of
all living bodies, and what is more
significant for the evolutionist, it is
found in a crude and purely chemical state. From a chemical standpoint protoplasm ls the highest form
of matter known. This crude substance is found at great depths on
the sea bottom and wholly disconnected with life forms. Lester Ward
says,—"There is no more doubt that
protoplasm is elaborated out of inorganic matter than that ammonia
or common salt is thus formed."
Tho name "protoplasm" was first
civen It in 1S46 by Mohl. It means
first life." This substance was
brought up from the sea bottom and
examined by Huxley, Hoeckel and
many others. It possesses all the
essential functions of living organisms. It moves, it absorbs nutriment,
it reproduces and it feels. Many interesting pictures illustrated this
discourse and these were followed
by  a  lively   discussion.
This Friday the subject will be,
"How the Stratified Rocks Teach Us
BuUt to Order
"What's the   matter   with Smith
Got lumbago or spinal curvative
"No, he has to walk that way to fit
somo shirts his wife made for him."
After-Eating   Distress
And all forma of stomach trouble, auoh ai
gas, palm, acid, sour, burning itowacb ara
all relieved in two minutes by taking
Jo-To aold ay all Dntfiti.
at the Government
,You get the Perfection
of Satisfaction in every
bottle of "Caccade."
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Extia Special
Pure Linen Hand-
keichiefs at
2 for 25c
CRITICAL shoppers buy these by the dozen, because they recognize that the value is exceptional; shades are mauve, sand, blue, pink, cinnamon or burnt orange; good quality linen with %-
inch hem.
—Drysdale's Handkerchief Shop, First Floor
576 Granville Street Phone Seymour 3540
A Union Is Whnt You Make It
Some men imagine that a union
comes out of the sky, and that lt Ib
made to order. This is a fallacy
which only active participation ln
union affairs can destroy. Why not
be &n active member, instead of a
Famous Fire Sale
T^HE Greataest Bargains in Ladies'
*■ Coats, Suits, Dresses, etc., ever
offered in Vnncouver.
Come and see for yourself.
Famous SS^-L*
Ring np Pbone Seymour 2364
for appointment
Dr. W.J. Curry
Suiu»   301   Dominion   Building
"How wonderful is the human voice.
It Ib indeed the organ of the soul."
((TT IS indeed thc organ of the acmll"
I Each inflection of your voice haB a
meaning for Diobo who know you. Nothing may substitute for it. Your voice is
When yon have news for a friend—
when a business matters needs attention—
whon yuu wish to bring joy to thoso at
homo—send your voice—yourself—on tho
AU tliis company's telephones are avail*
able day and night.
TJAVE you ever had a real drink
■M of Pure Apple Cider during the
last few years?
To meet the desires of many clients,
wo havo introduced recontly a pure clear
sparkling applo elder in pint ■ bottles,
either pure sweet or government regulation 2% hard apple cider. Theso drinks
are absolutely pure and free from all
carbonic acid gas or preservatives of
any nature. Write or phono your order
today, Highland 90.
Older Manufacturers
1955 Commercial Drive, Vancouver, B. 0.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-108 Metropolitan Balldinf
837 Baatlni. St. W. VAHOOUVEB. B. O.
Telephonee: Seymoar 8060 and 6007
1100 donna Stmt
Bandar eerrlcee, 11 a.m. and 7)80 p*m.
Sunday ichool Immediately following
morning aervice. Wcdneodar teitlmonlal
meeting, 6 p.m. tree reading room.
001803 Blrki Bldg.
B. r. Harrison
asa xnoswAT    vaiioooveb, b. o.
Phone ralrmone 68
Cigar Store
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modem
Rates Reasonable
"A Good Plaoe to Eat"
This advertisement is not published or displayed by tho        J
Liquor Control Bonrd or by tlie Government of British jj
Columbia. * .       I
Two Short Worda, Bridging the Golf Between
Have too protected joonelf aad yoar family agalnit eaeh an emergeney,
witk t 81 VINOS ACCOUNT—tke moit valuable Aioel a nun can lave ler
tko "RAINY DAT."
We BTRONOLT RECOMMEND yon te elart nek aa aeeonnt AT OBOE,
at one of oar Olty Branehoa*
HAST-BOS and SETMOUB Qw. S. Harruen, Manager
Oordova ud Abbott Halt aad 86th Are. Mali aad Broadway
Union Bank of Canada
P.B.—If yoa are living Id a oonutmnlty not provided witk Banking facllltlM, »d-
dross oi by mall, and wt will ba |Ud to raldt yoa In rupeet to "Banking by Hail."
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
prices.   ,
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
Phones:  Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
1129 HOWE ST. VANCOUVER, B. C. RIDAY November 80, 1928
every form at
Home This Week
My usual
5-Year Guarantee
on all work.
for one week
Expression Plates
Hygienic Crowns and
Fillings of every kind
Extraction by most modern
methods, etc.
No oharge whatever for extractions when Plates or
Bridgework is done.
Call and Get My Estimate
Dr. Brett Anderson
17 Years Practice ln Vnncouver
602 Hastings Street West
Cor. Seymour
Phone, Seymour 3331
Open Tuesday and Fridny evenings
British Emigration to West Indies
—Enter United States
Through Canada
Tabloid of Industrial News Issued
by United States Department of Labor
BrltlBh West Indies
P1 MIGRATION—Bookings for passages to America via the regular
routes having been exhausted for the
year, it is said that emigrants are
rushing to take advantage of the
facilities offered by Canadian mail
steamers, and thus endeavoring to
enter the United States through
Cjm* 'ho- Slovakia
Unemployment—Latest reports on
unemployment show a total of 107,-
500 persons who are receiving unemployment subsidies from the state.
In addition to these, there are 66,100
persons receiving suport from private
Scandinavia MtJre Closely Akin
to Britain Than Those in  ,
Other Countries
Vancouver Unions
Council — President, R. H. Neelanda, M.
A. i general secretary, Percy R. Bengoqgk.
Ice: SOS, 319 Pender St. West. Phone Sey.
96, Meets in Labor Hall at 8 p.m. on
!j first and third Tuesdays in month.
Meets second Monday in tbe month. Pre*
lent, J. R. White; secretary, R. H. Noel*
ds. P. O. Box 66. *
lova Street Welt—Business meettntii
ry   Wednesday   evening.     *
iuvnu„,    „,„.—m.     _,.   Maclnnis,
itrman;   B, H. Morrison,  sec-treas.;  Geo.
Harrison, 1182 Parker Street, Vaneoaver,
C, corresponding secretary.
_ny district in British Columbia desiring
■urination re securing speakers or the for-
Itlon of local branches, kindly communicate
nh Provincial  Seoretary J. Lyle Telford,
]4  Birks   Bldg.,   Vancouver,   B.   O.    Tel*-
lone Seymonr 1882, or Fairmont 4B88.
■second Thursday every month, 318 Pender
feet   West.      President,   J.   Brlghtvell;
knclal secretary, B. A. Buwron, 920—llth
de. East. 	
lAL  Union  of  America—Local   120,  Tan*
liver, B. C, meets second and fourth Tuei-
v in eaoh month In Room 818—810 Pen-
Streot West.    President, C. E. Berrett,
Hastings   Street  East;   secreUry,  A,  R.
il, 820 Gamble Street.    Shop phone, Sey.
Bp2.    Residence phone, Dong. 3171R.
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders aud Help*
of  America,   Local   10*—Meetings  flrst
.J third Mondaya in each month,    Presi'
kt. P. Willis; secretary, A. Frtser.    Offlee!
Im 803—819 Pender Street West.    Offlee
tire. 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 6 p.m.
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
You may wish to help The Federatlonist. You can do so by renewing
your subscription promptly and sending ln the subscription of your friend
or neighbor.
irieklayers  or  masons  for boiler worka,
-., or marble setters, phone Brieklayera
lion. Labor Temple.
VERS and Joiners, Loeal 452—President,
■W. Hatley; recording secretary. W. Page;
tslness agent, Wm. Dunn. Office: Room
i—319 Pender Street West. Meets second
—. fourth Mondays, 8 p.m., Room 5, 810
Inder Street West.	
Jl third Fridays in each month, nt 148 Oor*
h_ Street West. Presidont, David Cuthlll,
ft- Albort Street; secretary-treasurer, Geo.
■prison, 1182 Parker Street.	
Hteam and Operating, Local 844—Meots
pry Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 807 Labor
mple. President, J. Flynn; business agent
_l flnanelal secretary, F. B. Hunt; recording
Iretary, P. Hodges.	
J. resident, Nell MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
jretary, C. A. Watson. No. 3 Firehall.
■overy first and third Monday in room 812—
■9 Ponder Streot WeBt. President, J. R.
Iwthorne; financial secretary, A. Padgham,
Irce Road Post Office, Vancouvor, " " "
lording secretary, 0. Tether,
, East, Vancouver, B. 0.	
,.., *-.. 0.;
Tjnion, Local 28—441 Seymour Street.
lets first and third Wednesdays at 2:30
Second and fourth Wednesdays al
■0 p.m. Executive board meets every
lb day at 8 p-m. President, W. A. Calmar
■ness agent, A. Graham.    Phone Seymour
■ Steam  and   Operating,   Local    882—
Bis  every   Wodnesday  at   8   p.m.,   Room
■ Labor Temple.  President, Charles Pr'ce;
pnt'HH agent and financial socretary, F. L.
recording secretary,  J. T. Venn.
At tho Orpheum
A vaudeville bill absolutely glittering In Its lavish staging opens
next week at the Orpheum for
four-day run. It is headed by a big
spectacular act, "The Son Dodger,"
featuring Harry Coleman and his big
company. Jim McLaughlin and
Blanco Evans present a typical New
York sketch, "On a Little Side
Street"; Garry Owen and company
offer "Compliments of the Season,"
billed as an ambitious vaudrama in
four scenes. "William Sully and
Genevieve Houghton have a laugh-
ablo skit called "Calf Love"; Elsa
Ruegger, one of the finest 'cellists
on the American continent, gives a
recital, assisted by Edmund Lich-
tensteln; Dezso Retter, an extremely
funny comedian known as the man
who wrestles with himself, will convulse his audiences, while Carlton
Emmy with his "Mad Wags" is sure
to please. The usual attractive pictures' and concert orchestra programme  complete   the   bill.
Part-time Employment—-^Manufac-
turers of gold and silver wares In
HoBse and Wurttemberg have reduced their production, and at
Pforzheim 397 enterprises, employing 19,000 workmen, have been
forced to a part-time basis.
Seek Their First Jobs—One significant phase ""of the unemployment
situation in Germany is said to be
the increase in the number of applications for employment made by
people  who   never  before  worked,
Unemployment in Saxony—Partial
or complete shutdowns of plants, releases of workmen, and an unemployment total in excess of 36,000
persons in the city of Dresden,
marked the condition of the Saxony
labor"market in October, 1923.
Great Britain
Railwny Workers Increase—Railway
workers ln Great Britain Increased
during the period of one year from
676,802 to 681,778—a gain of 4,976
or 0.74 per cent.
Relief Employment—Relief employment is said to be provided for
by a plan of the Great Western railway, which proposes to expend £4,-
500,000 for the building df ways,
structures, rolling stock, etc., In addition to this relief proposal, it la
said that the British government
contemplates some gigantic road-
building projects,
Unemployment at Glasgow — Despite the steady emigration, It is said
that the number of unemployed persons in the Glasgow area appears to
have increased from 74,000 to 75,000
during  one  month.
Unemployment—During the month
of September, 1923, there was a total
increase of 1,191 in the number of
partially and totally unemployed persons in Switzerland, or from 36,061
to 37,252.
JOHINISTS LOCAL 162—President, Lee
■eorge; secretary, J. G, Keefe; business
lit, P. R. Bengough. Office: 809, 819
■der Street West. Meets in Room 818—
1 Pender Stroot West,  on first and. third
tj'sdayn in month.  
0HIKISTS LOCAL 692—President, Ed.
awson; secretary, R. Hirst; business
it, P. R. Bongough. Office: 809—819
der Street West. Moots in Room 8—
Pender Street West, on second and 4th
-days in month.
INION. Local 145, A. F. of M,—Meets at
Hal), Homer Street, second Sunday,
|e am. President, Ernest O. Miller, 991
Ion Btreet; secretary, Edward Jamleson,
lNelson Street; financial secretary, W. E,
lams,  991  Nelson Street;  organiser, F.
Iher, 991 Nelson Street.	
■t)RS and Paperhangers of America, Local
[ Vancouver—Meets 2nd and 4th Thurs-
I at 148 Cordova Street West, Phone,
p B510- Business Agent, H. D. Collard,
-Lok Builders, Local No. 2404—Meets at
■Hastings Street West every Friday, at 8
t— J"- Tr*omPiont financial secretary.
Irdova St. West, P. O. Box 571. Phone
[ 8708. Meetings every Monday at 7
Q. Campbell, huainean agent.
Last Showing Saturday Night
md Six Other Big Acts
N«xt Weak, Starting Wnl. Night
Featuring HABBT COLEMAN & 00.
Emmy's Had Wags Deiso Retta
Mclaughlin and evans
Compliments of tlie Season
Attracttn Pictures Concert Orchestra
Pouular Pricts : Box Offlca Sey. 852
Women's Vote  Uncertain
The effect of the women's vote in
the British election remains most
uncertain, but it is expected to have
no little influence. It is estimated
that about 8,000,000 women will
—Meeting nights, first Tuesday and Srd
iy of each month at headquarters, 816
ova Street West. President, D. Ollles*
vice-president, John Johnson; secretary
urer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Oor*
Street West. Braneh agent's address:
ge Faulkner, 576 Johnson Street, Vie*
B. O. ,	
pyees, Pioneer Division, No. 101*—Meets
P. Hall, Eighth and Kingsway, 1st and
.Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m.> Pre*.
k F. A. Hoover. 2409 Olarke Drive;
rdlng secretary, F. E, Griffin, 447—6th
, East.; treasurer, A F, Andrew; flnsn-
veeretary and business agent, W. H. Cot*
j 166—17th Ave. W. Offlce, corner Prior
[Main Streets, Phone Fairmont 4504Y
pierlca. Local No. 178—Meetings held
I Monday tn each month, 8 p.tn. Presl*
A.   R.   Gatenby;   vice-president,   Mrs.
!; recording seoretary, C. MoDonald, P.
ox 508; financial seeretary, P. McNelsh.
. Box 508. 
'ION—Meets at 991 Nelvm Street, at 11
on the Tuesday preceding the Iat Snn*
of the month. President. K. A. Jamie*
•91 Nelson St.; Secretary, 0. H. Wit*
i. 991 Nelson Bt ; Business Agent, F.
Iher. 991 Nelson St.
Relieved la, two minutes with
Jo-To relieves gas pains, acid stomach, heart
burn, after-eating distress md all forms ot
Indlgettlon quickly, without harm.
All Drug Stores.
ht, R. P. Pettlplece; vice-president J.
Bryan; secretary-treasurer, R. H, Nee-
b, P. O. Box 66. Moots last Sunday of
J month at 2 p.m. ln Labor Hall, 819
ler Street West. 	
_riON. No. 418—President, 8. D. Mae-
Eld, secretary-treasurer, J. M. Campbell,
|. Box A89.   Meets last Thursday of eaeh
-..KERB'   PARTY   OF   CANADA—808 %
lender Street West,     Business meeting!
' 1st and Srd Wodnesday every month.
Boost for
The Fed.
Cullllion Hull, Dominion Hall, Holly-
biiril Dance ' Pavilion, Laurel Court,
Lester Court, Lodge Cure, Moose Hall,
O'Brien's Hall, Orpheum Cafe, Willow
Girpond-lfl, corrtipondlnj leoreUrr:   O.
"  '**-'-'    iBcreLry;    J.    Hulldtf,
Tether,    flnnnoill
Irt-i'nch orgftnlier.
If you want renl valuo in Work
Boots, eome in and see us.
Oreb Work Boots for Men, in black
or tan, hslf bellows tongue; solid
leather, ail sises, at 14.95
Mon's Tan Cnlf Blucher Work Boots,
half Wllowf. tongue, ktumped solid
leather; 6 to 10.    Reg. $4.5O..|4.00
Men's Railroad Signal Engineer
Shirts.     Special $1.96 and |2.25
St&nfleld's Rod Label Underwear, 2*
piece  nnd  combination;   suit 44.60
Christmas Ties, from 60c to $8.00.
Swedish Marriage Law Is Considered Most Progressive in
the World
-T^HE flrst of a series of three lectures
on "The Comparative Status of
Women in Europe" was recently
given In London by Mrs. Corbett
Ashby, president of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance.
Speaking first on "Women in the
Scandinavian countries," Mrs, Ashby
explained that these women were
much more closely akin to British
women In their work and aspirations
than in other European coimtirea.
The Scandinavian women could
claim to have solved the problem of
combining home and family duties
with active and intelligent citizenship.
Denmark Has Equal Suffrage
In Denmark, with its 8,250,000
population, mainly agricultural, Danish women shared equal suffrage
with men at an age limit of 23 for
both sexes, but neither women nor
men might stand as candidates for
the two houses of parliament until
the age of 35. In Denmark, equal
pay and equal opportunities prevailed
practically everywhere. Danish women took particular Interest in Industrial questions, especially when these
affected women, though there was
no special protection of women in
industry. Marriage appeared to be
no bar to Danish women's public
work. They had equal guardianship
with the father of their children, and
widows received maintenance out*
side the Poor law. There were now
nine women M.P.'s, three in the
lower house and six In the upper.
In Finland, though this was not
strictly a Scandinavian country, there
had been a feminist movement since
1892, adult suffrage being given In
1907. Married women controlled
their own property, and had equal
guardianship over their children. In
Finnish civil service, women had!
equal opportunities with men. .Finland enjoyed the distinction of possessing the first woman M.P, in the
world—Fru Furuhjelm — who still
remained in office, with 18 other
women M.P.'s.
In Iceland, with its population of
nearly 1,000,000, men and women had
equal suffrage at the age of 25. The
comradeship between the sexes waB
very marked, largely because of the
isolation of the country. There was
equal guardianship of children, and
at present Iceland had one woman
M.P. There was not much industrial
work in Iceland, and women earned
only about one-third or one-half
what the men did, because the light
er kinds of work were reserved for
Two Women ln Storthing
Norway, with its population of
2,500,000, was In the same position as
Denmark, in having no special protective legislation for women in industry, not even protection against
night work. In 1894, Norwegian
women were given thc vote on the
liquor traffic, and three years later
on church matters. In 1901, they
were accorded the municipal vote
and eligibility to sit on town and city
councils. In 1907, partial suffrage
was given, and, in 1910, full suffrage
on the same terms as men. Two Norwegian women sat in parliament.
Sweden, with a population of 6,-
000,000, had equal suffrage for both
sexes over 23, and eligibility to parliament over 35. Woman suffrage
was first granted In 1918, chiefly owing to the efforts of the Liberal
party, but only became law in 1921.
There were five women members in
the two houses of parliament, one of
whom, Miss Hesselgren, occupied a
seat in the sencrte. These women represented all three political parties,
but they always combined over any
social   legislation   affecting women.
The Swedish marriage law, passed
in 1920, was considered to bo the
most progressive marriage law In the
world. In it, the -law of coverture
had been entirely abolished, and
husbands and wives wero exactly on
the same footing. Wives might
choose their own domicile, and marriage rights were mutual. This law
recognized for the first time in his*
tory that a wife's services In tho home
had a legal value. Swedish women
had a keen sense of International
duty, and wide international Interests. They had been ardent workers In the cause of peace long before
the League of Nations came Into
Acute Hearing
Mother—Willie, why don't you keep
clean like your little Bister, and your
music teacher will soon be here. Have
you washed your face and hands?
Willie—Yes, mother.
"And your ears?"
"Well, I washed the one that'll be
next to her,"
Quite Frank
"You're sure you've no objection to
marrying a travelling man?"
"On the contrary, I wouldn't marry
a man who'd be home too much of
the time."
The gent who shed a humid tear
At ninety in the shade
Now strains an ear that might hear
The steampipe serenade.
With Murderous Intent
The young man who tells his
mother-in-law that she should go
up in an aeroplane should be
watched.   There's murder In his head,
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings, Hats, Boots and Shoes
2819 MAIN STREET   ,
(Between 7th and 8th Avenues)
Phono  Fairmont   1850
A Pleasure and a Proflt
Markwioh—Does   your   sister   llkb
Jones—Yes; she considers reading a
pleasure, but it Usually takes her
longer than anybody else to read
book, because ahe always forgets
where she stopped reading the last
time and has to start at the beginning
again to be on the safe side.—London
Histrionic Sacrilege
"The play's the  thing!"   exclaimed
"Yea," protested the manager of
the company, "but it's too bad this
little drama of yours had to be
tragedy. If you could cut out the
killing this story of yours might make
a first-rate bedroom farce."
Knew More of Art Than Uncle
Old Lady—Don't think me rude,
dear, but is thia meant for a man or
a woman?
Art Student—I'm so glad you ask
that, auntie.
Old Lady—Why, dear?
Art Student—Uncle George couldn't
tell whether lt was supposed to be
human.—London Punch,
Descriptive Music
"What's the name of that piece you
were playing?"
" 'Bungalow Blues.'"
"And what was the prolonged, melancholy strain you repeated at frequent Intervals?"
"That represents the installments."
Yon Don't Selghl
"I'd like to marry you," said  Mabel
"For you have such a. pleasant weigh;
But you, I fear, get very little peigh,
And so T'll have to tell you neigh."
Remarkable Sale
of Men's Boots
Real all leather Boots made in Vancouver by
J. Leckie & Co. Top grade black calfskin Winter Boots, divided into two lots, to make rapid
First Lot
175 pairs stout Wet Weather Calfskin Boots,
with calfskin lining, bellows tongue, full double
soles; 20-gauge viscolized waterproof Goodyear
welt sewn; the best Leckie makes; all sizes;
Haig and London toes; reg. $10.50. <££ 7£
Sale price, pair.  «pO*» • &
Second Lot
225 pairs medium weight Walking Boots, in
black calfskin; 16-gauge oak soles; Derby and
Balmoral models; Prince, Haig and London toes.
All sizes; regular $9.50. <£C 7C
Sale price, pair.  *...„..«P*)*» /O
Hudson's Bay Company
Public Opinion In Condition- nt Today Is Xoi Free, wiy_ London
Dally Herald
When tho Pall Mall Gazette, Evening Standard, Globe and St. James'
Gazette were all alive, thore were
dlfloronces of opinion between them:
they did not all sing the same tuno
day after day. They helped to keop
public opinion free. Now ono voice
speaks, through the only survivor,
tho voice of Lord Bcaverbrook (ask
Canadians about him), a mechanical
gramophone voice deliberately manu
fncturlng public opinion for unworthy
purposes. Public opinion ln tho
conditions of today is not free, lt Is
a slave to the Gramophono Press.
Oet your workmate to subscribe for
The Federatlonist,
Thc Course of Love
Mistress—Nora, that wasn't your
Paddy I saw you talking to Just now.
Nora—No, mum; that's a now one.
Paddy's away on his vacation.
"But ie that exactly fair, Nora?"
"Ah, mum, 'when the Pat's away,
tho Mike will play.'"
The following restaurants employ
Restaurants employing White Cooka,
Walters or Waitresses:
Key's Lunch, GranvUle St.
Jim's Cafe, Oranvllle St.
Orpheum Cafe, Granville St.
Lodge Cafe, Seymour St.
Pender Cafe, Pender St. VV.        *
Moonlight Cafe,' Hastings St. W,
Broadway Cafe, Hastings St. E.
Victoria Cafe, Main St.
.Palace Cafe, Cordova St.
Morris Lunch, Dunsmuir St.
Martinique Cafe, Granville St.
Love's Oafe, Granvillo St. '
Standard Cafo, Seymour St.
Good Hats Cafe, Pender St. W.
Gourlay's Waffle House, Camblo St.
Empiro Cafe, Hastings St. E.
Golden Gate Cafe, Hastings St. E.
King's Cafe, Carrall St.
Oak's Cafe, Abbott Streot.
Only Oyster House, Hastings St W.
Husy Bee, Cordova St.
These Restaurants employ white help
In tlie front only:
Acme Cafe, Granville St.
Wonder Lunch, Carrall St.
Granville Lunch, Qranvllle St.
St. Regis Cafe, Dunsmuir St.
AU Vancouver Hotel waiters belong to tbe
Alt othera havo no egrpement to hire Union
help, nnd behove in the open Bhop; they arc
not entitled to patronage from Union mem-
■THE offices of Dr. J. I. Gorosh,
A Chiropractor and Druglosa
Physician, are now completely
equipped for a_l drugless trout-
ments, such as chiropractic, light
treatments, electro-therapy, etc.
Dr. Gorosh has been conducting a
free clinic every morning for the
past three months, and has given
over 1200 free treatments, demonstrating in fact his ability to relieve and cure disease. Names and
addresses of numerous satisfied
patients, who have given permission to use thcir names, can bc had
for verification of statements
Offices: 902-903 Dominion Bldg.
207 Hastings Street West.
A Wifely Sentiment
"This movie stur always says his
wife beats him."
"But he's a two-gun man of thc
"I understand sho anly tackles him
during his leisure moments. Sho has
no dosire to interfere with his art."
The Proud Mother—Haven't you
heard baby laugh? He can laugh out
The Doubting Father—No. You're
kidding. He can't laugh. I told him
two of my bost stories and ho never
evon smiled.
Vou may wish to help The Federatlonist. You cnn do so by renewing
your subscription promptly and sending In tbe subscription of your friend
or neighbor.
Convention of Com mm-In I 'IVIi'untpli-
cra Voto 9100,000 Tor Organization l*nr|Kist\H
The  Montreal   convention   of    the
Commercial   Telegraphers'   union   of
America held recently, voted to create
a  $100,000   fund    for the  education
aiid organization of commercial tele'
graph ert,       Tho    convention      ar
ranged  for annual memorial nervlces
Hours:  10 to 12, 1:30 to 5:30.
For other hours call Seymour 4371
for appointment.
throughout the continent in honor uf
Prof. Samuel P. B. Mprae, inventor
of the telegraph, and tor the presentation of a $4,000 bust of the inventor to the Hall of Tamo. Organization work in Cuba will be taken
up, following tho convention's; favorable action, and a commit'*!'! on
Htuto and national legislation has
been  created.
Always look up The Fed. advertisers
before making purchasfls.
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
P McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
Can't Be Beat
Order From Any Government Vendor PAGE FOUR
FRIDAY November 30,
Special Sale on Many
Lines for This Week
Men's Solid Leather Work Boots,
In grained leather and Uras calf.
These are odds and ends, and values to  J6.50.    Selling this week
at   $3.95
Brown Argentine Kip, plain  toe
Blucher, at ....»4.50
Toe Cap, at  $4.75
Leckie's Skookum, plain toe or
cap, at $8.00
Broken line ln 8 to 10-inch top;
plain' toes and cap; Blucher cut.
These are all solid leather; values to $9. Selling this week $5.50
Leckie's hand-made Loggers:
8-lnch, at  $10.00
10-lnch, at  $12.00
Dayfoot's B. C. Logger, handmade:
9-Inch Oil Tan at  $10,00
12-inch Oil Tan, Prospector $10.50
8-lnch Chrome Driver  $11.50
9-Inch  Chrome  Driver  $12.50
Boys' Solid leather Shoes:
8 to 10 _ $1.95 and $2.45
11 to 13%, at $2.95
I to 6%, at $8.75
Leckie's red stitch No. 1 quality,
8 to 10H, at $2,05
II to 13*4, at  $3.35
1 to 6%, at $3,95
Comfy Felts, at $1.45
Soft sole, all leather  $2.2!
Pullman's, elastic side and turn
sole; best quality:
Black .... $3.75      Brown .... $3.95
McKay's, ln brown  $3.50
Men's knee Rubber Boots, $4.50
—Respectfully Solicited for—
For Ward 4
Equitable assessment of all properties
A. Vigorous and Progressive pol.
Icy for the upbuilding of the
Economy, Efficiency and Strictly
Business Methods ln Civic administration.
A resident of Vancouvor for
25 years.
2901 Parker St (Oor. Renfrew)
Phone Highland 440
(Hastings Townsite)
A practical man who has your
Interests at heart Resident and
taxpayer ln Vancouver for 35
Phone, Bayview 1344-X
Candidate for
Ward  Six  for  1924
Clean,  live city;   Aggressive,
Modern  Business
for 1924
Dr. WJ. Downie
Nominee of Federated Labor
Party for
School Trustee
Big December
Wonderful Bargains on
Solid Leather Footwear
51 Hastings West
Petitioners    Request     MaoLaelilan's
Release on Bail, Pending Apeal
of His Case
Halifax, N.S.—Hon W. J. O'Hearn,
attorney general, has received two
petitions addressed to the Nova Scotia
government requesting the release on
ball of James B. MacLachlan, former
secretary of district 26, U.M.W., recently sentenced to two years ln Dorchester penitentiary for sedition,
pending an appeal of his case to the
supreme court of Canada. The petitions came from P. M. Draper, seeretary of the Trades and Labor congress of Canada, and from C. Mirron,
secretary of the labor party's conference of Canada in session, November
10. To each Mr. O'Heran replied that
the question of bail had been settled
by the chief justice of Nova Scotia
who had refused it, and that there
was no apeal. The case, he said, was
apparently closed.
Judge French of Seattle Says the
Judges Oo Too Far with
The St. Germain decision in Washington state, years ago, which outlawed all picketing, is now set aside
by Judge French of Seattle, who refused to enjoin amusement trades
from picketing several anti-union
theatres, says a recent despatch. The
court indicated a belief that judges
have being going too far with their
writs, and while he maintains the
principle of the vicious labor injunction, he lets it be known that this
weapon against strikers should be
used most sparingly, and then only
after hearings have been held, and at
which both sides are represented.
Judge French's ruling was declared
by William Short, president of the
state federation of labor, to be the
first clear-cut decision by a Washington Judge properly interpreting the
state law passed hy the 1919 legislature along the lines of the Clayton
act, "The legislature's act of 1919
gives us the right to do collectively
what we have a right to do as individuals—Judge French sets this fact
forth very clearly," said President
Ramsay Macdonald MeetB Orowd
of 30,000 at Aberdeen and
Is Nominated
"A great deal may be said for war,
but *14-'18 has proved to me once for
all that wnr is not, as has boen ar
gued, a part of human nature, but
that, on the contrary, it must be
against human nature. And that has
proved to me this is, th tt. to make armies go on killing one another, it is
even more nooswiry to invent lies
than flame-throwers and poison gas."
—General Sir Ian Hamilton.
Will mean wise and judicious expenditure of your
Electors of
Ward 8
Fred Rogers
37 Years in Vancouver
9 Years an Alderman
Phone, Fairmont 1698-L
Your Vote and Influence
Earnestly Solicited for
As Alderman for Ward IV
My Platform Is the People's
Endorsed by People of Grand*
vlbw, at n Muss Meeting.
It covers many urgent requirements at the City Hall.
1. A  General   Managor,   to run
the City in a bustness-tlke
2. Re-routing   Grandvlew   cars
over Hastings Viaduct, to
avoid dangerous crossing on
Venables Street.
3. Abolition of ftklp-fetdp s.vStt-hi.
4. Lowering1   tit   linjuiat   licensor
oh small Suburban businesses.
6. Every assistance given to
strict law enforcement.
l)l-:iJlltIIM;i<:  stands  for  Good
Wages i'or u Fair Day's Work.
Phone, Highland 3533
Says the Proposed Oapital Levy
Would  Probably  Effect
250,000 Persons
A TORCHLIGHT procession and a
huge floral horse shoe were features or Ramsey MacDonald's welcome at Aberavon last week where
he was formerly adopted as a Labor
candidate. He was met by a crowd
of 30,000, some of whom dragged his
motor car through the streets three
The Labor leader said that the
protection proposed by the govern*
ment would ruin South Wales and
adjoining coal fields.
Arthur Henderson, Lnbdr leader-,
in opening his campaign in Newcastle last week, said the only criticism of the Labor party's capital levy
policy came from millionaire newspapers. Only a quarter of a million
porsons would pay under the levy, he
A recent Washington, D.C, despatch says that approximately one
million organized building trades
workers are now employed In the
United States at wages both nominally
and actually higher than ever before
have prevailed ln this Industry, according to John H. Donlin, president
building trades department, A.P. of L.
He forcasts a condition of full employment under favorable conditions
during the winter.
The Man Who Has Always
Been Fair to labor
Solicits Your Support in
Ward 2
An honest day's pay for an
honest day's work, makes for
better citizenship.
Dr. G. H. Worthington
Who is candidate for Alderman
In his homo district In Kitsllano.
a successful expert In merchandizing;, being head of Vancouver
Drug Co., Ltd., Dr. AVortlilngton
would Introduce business methods in the Council.
Emphasizes Necessity for Proper Care
of Eyes, Describing Their
Last Sunday night Dr. A, McKay
Jordan at the Colonial theatre delivered a lecture entitled, "Revealed
by the Window of the Soul." He
pointed out that animal organisms
have their beginning with the formation of the eye in the embryo,
and dwelt at length upon the mechanism of said optic. It was proved
conclusively that a congenially malformed eye had been the cause of
serious mental and bodily ills. He
told of the many cases ln which almost instantaneous relief from distressing symptoms had resulted from
correct treatment of faults of the
eyes, He gave a most striking
demonstration of diagnosis through
the eye. A dozen members of the
audience having volunteered to go
upon the platform. The doctor examined their eyes by means of a
retinoscope, and in as many minutes
described their various symptoms,
without asking questions and without other aid.
Mr. Chappie acted as chairman of
the evening, and announced that
next Sunday's lecture would be on
"Prevention Is Better Than Cure."
The public ls cordially invited.
Hand   The   Federatlonist   to   your
shopmate when you are through with
Loggers and Surveyors
Made to Order
Our Specialty
Repairing  Neatly  Done
28 Water Street,
Vanoouver, E, 0.
Phone, Seymour 936
We cater to the Labor man,
•    —WITH--
Every Saturday from Dec. 1
Dancing, 0 p.m. to  12 p.m.
Live   Committee      Qood   Floor
Fred Parson's 5-piece Orchestra
Gents, SOc      Ladles, 25c
Relieved in two mlnutei with
Ou. told, 1007, burning stomach sll quickly
relieved with JO-TO.   Drag Store*.
Best $2.50
Glutei not prescribed unleu absolutely  neceuiry.    Examination!
made by graduate Eyesight Specialists.    Batlifaciion guaranteed.
Wa grind our own leniei.  Leuiti
duplicated hy mall.
Optical House
(Formerly Brown Optical Houie)
Be   sore   of  the   tddreei—Above
Woolworth'e Btore, netr
Snit* 36, Davis Chrtmbm,
 Phone _____ 1071	
Ask for
Pale Ale
A full-bodied, fine flavored Ale
that will compare in quality with
any of the famous imported
ales, and at much less cost to the
At all Government Vendors
This advertisement Is not published or displayed by
the Liquor Control Board or by the Oovernment of
British Columbia.
$15    $19.75    $21.50    $29.35
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
Candidate  of the  Federal*
Labor Party.
Nominated by Labor
scntation committee.
Endorsed by tho Vnncouv
TrndcH and Labor Council,
Second vice-president Trad
nnd Labor Congress of Canadt
President    Vancouver   Ty_
graphical Union.
two years' experience In i
City Council; has been assocle
ed with the local Labor mov
ment for twenty-Bix years.
Poll Your Vote December 12th
Phones:   Sey, 5811 and 5B10
Why buy an inferior product when you obtai
BEST at the same price?
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs. Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plani
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd
48 Hastings Street East        i—STORES—2        656 Granville Stm
Canadian National Railway'
*^^K ^a^^^^A*^
FIRST TRAIN from Winnipeg, Dec. 6, 1923, direct to ship's sldt
Halifax, for sailing of S.S, "Ausonia" Doc. 9 to Queenstown, Liverpool
_.S. "Doric" December 9 to Belfast, Liverpool.
SECOND TRAIN from Winnipeg, Dec. 11, 1923, direct to ship's sldt
Halifax, far sailing of 8,8. "Pittsburg" Doc. 14 to Southampton, Chel
bourg, Bremon;  S.S. "Canada" Doc. 15 to Olosgow, Liverpool.  '
9.50 P.M.    CONTINENTAL LIMITED    8.50 P.M,
Full details from


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