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The British Columbia Federationist Dec 24, 1920

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$2.50 PER YEAR
Minister of Immigration Ordered Their Release on
Parol?, After Defense Committee Had Placed
Matter Fully Before Him—Celebration   ,£&
Held on Tuesday Night
THERE! is a bright, clean,
cheery little home on Prior
Street, Vancouvor, B. C„ which
-muBt have looked good on Tuesday evening to a dozon men to
Whom the word "home," for nearly
A year and a half, had meant nothing better than cells and prison
bars, and whose happy foregathering there on this occnslon was
only made possible by the Indefatigable efforts of the defense committee which had worked on their
behalf since their sensational arrest aa Russian revolutionaries on
July 2fi of last year. Thanks to
these efforts and the able cooperation of Mr. I. I. Rubinowitz
M legal advisor, these mon have
i at last been freed from thetr long
Incarceration; and in the littlo
home Just mentioned—with an
Idealistic, though home-made,
presentation of Tolstoi on one wnll
and,a portrait of his fellow-author
Shevchonko on another—they held
high Jubiliatlon on their release
and, as one present expressed it,
Baku Oil Fields Big Asset
to  Proletarian
(By Helen Augur, staff correspondent for the Federated Press)
New York.—To American oil
men stung wtth fury at Mexico's
rumored favoritism to British oil
Intercuts, comes Washington D.
Vanderlip with healing balm. The
world's centre of gravity may shift
from Tamplco to Baku, nnd the
war which la to be waged between
Great Britain and the Unitod States
for the world's nil and the mastery
of the world's seas, with one swoop
has taken in the Far East and the
Black Sea.
Lonin started something when he
granted to Vanderllp'a western capitalists exploitation rlghta In Siberia.
Lenin knew that Edward D. Do-
heny, America's veteran oil prospector, and lord of the Tamplco
oil fields, was "grub-staking" Vanderlip. Lenin knew that thc terrifying scope of America's oil competition with Great Britain was
driving closer and closer together
Doheny's oil companies and the
Standard Oil, and that soon there
will be only two vast companies
Ktunbbltng over the body of the
world—the Royal Dutch Shell, Bri-
tlBh-owned, and the Doheny-Rock-
efeller Interests.
Lonin hns the most precious commodity in the world—oil. In Kam-
chetka and the   Saghallen   Island
there are rich oil .deposits.   Japan
and Oreat Britain have been doing
. dark and desperate thingB to get
that otl.   Lenin tourned It over to
From rich Baku and Batoum, de-
■ veloped by French and British money, oil la gushing.  Conquered and
nationalized by tho Soviet government, millions of poods of petroleum are being taken out of Baku
•very month andjiiped up to Moscow.   British ships hover wistfully
ln lhe Black Sea, and British hopes
circle around the great oil tanks
like  plaintive  birds.   But  the  oil
goes up the Volga to Moscow.
Lenin has told Vanderlip that In
fthis barter-game Russia   proposes
■to buy from America  every   year
||1,000,000,000  worth of harvester
nachines and printing presses and
aek suits nnd Iodine.   Sho wtll pny
(for them with riches from her soil.
She will send to America tankers
nt oil from Baku.
Patronize  Fed  Advertlzers.
Snemy Armies All Defeated and Russia Can
Seek Its Pleasures
The best news that the Russian
iroletarlat has had In many years
s to the effect thac Hie wars on
11 fronts have ended. The Red army
ms put the finishing touches and.
he quietus on all counter-revolu-
lonaries put in the field to collect
noney owing to the Allies, nnd also
he bandit gangs that infested the
ountry for the spoils obtained
hereby, The Red army can now
eturn to cft.rry on-useful work in,
laklng for the wealth and happl-
i of the masses. On top of this
ood news comes word that thc
_merican Governmer has stated
hat American business men are
ree to carry on trade with Soviet
ussla at their own risk. This
sk will no doubt be taken, but
Bjfiadlan business men will also
| with them for a lot of the trade
iftll such time as Lhe proletarian
lotatorsbip spreads to the Ameri-
in continent, •
"did everything hut get drunk/'.
Readers of the Federatlonist
have been kept posted oh.- tfie"
case from time to time, aud will
be glad to learn that on Tuesday
afternoon these victims of misfortune were discharged from custody
with no other strings on thorn than
tho perfunctory obligation to report to the police at regular intervals. The sentence of deportation
slill hangs over them nominally,
but It ls not anticipated that anything more will be heard of It or
lhat the men will be further molested. At least that is the Impression conveyed by the latest
word from the minister of immigration, on whose order the men
were released; and It was with this
understanding that the conditions
of the release were accepted, .
It wtll be recalled that the arrests were made in raids on the'
men's homes during tlje ntght pre-
seding Peace Day, 1019, when
the Mounted Police brought in
about twenty of these alleged sedition-mongers on the strength of
"evidence" sedulously gathered
several months preceding by Sergt.
John Wilson, the wife-murderer,
his boon companion Alexander
Dourasoff, and Barney Roth, another ill-reputed informer of the
Mounted Police. Brought before
the modern "star chamber" court
at the immigration building, where
their "trials" extended over several months, several were released
wilh a warning; tho remaining 14
were held for deportation, notwithstanding their absolute de*
nlals of the offences alleged against
them by Wilson, Dourasoff and
Charged with Perjury,
So false was held to be the "evidence" brought by these secret
"agents" that in October, 1919, a
returned soldier, who knew something of the fael3» laid information
against Roth and Dournsoff, on
which they wero subsequently
brought before Magistrate Shaw
on a charge of perjury.
The authorities hired a local
K. C. -to defend the two accused,
ond Mr. Rubinowitz, who conducted the prosecution, had hard
work to get even a portion of the
relevant facts before the court.
Magistrate Shaw was reluctant to
interfere in any way with the finding of the Immigration' commission, but found matters so serious
that he had to commit the two for
trial in the higher court after a
series of hearings extending over
two months.
In the latter trial before Judge
Cayley in May, 1920, matters
looked evon worse for the two
accused, although the government
now employed two K. C/s to pull
them out of the hole. The judge
himself was frankly unfriendly to
the prosecution, made light of tho
damning evidence brought forward, and ultimately stopped the
(Continued on page 8)
Eugene Debs polled 2,970,000
otes ln the United States presiden-
al election.
Lumber Manufacturer Is
Cutting Wages 30
Per Cent.
It is Quito evident to the least
observant tlmt the labor mnrkct
Is overstocked. It Is also apparent
that the employers recognize this
fact and are taking advantage of
it. One of thc local lumber manufacturers has informed the employees that they will all be discharged at the end of the year, with
an intimation that they can be reemployed In the new' year as individuals at a reduced wage. The
cut in wages amounting to 30 per
cent. The workerB employed by
this Arm were nlso told that they
could have a ten-hour day lf they
desired. While this Is not an Isolated example of the tendency to
reduce wages, yet it Is possibly the
worst up to date, nnd ls typical of
tho tactics of the employers.
It Is only a short time ago
thnt tho workers were denounced for seeking to take advantage of a favorable market condition, but with sueh an Illustration of the advisability of taking
all the advantage of favorable conditions It. cannot be wondered nt
lf the workers take a leaf from
their employers'  copybook.
WiU Affiliate With  the
Third Interna-
Favors Parliamentary Ac-
tion for Revolutionary
(Special dispatch from Australian
Bureau, Federated Press)
Following a meeting of militant
Industrial and revolutionary Socialist parties tn Sydney, Australia, arrangements were made to launch
what Is known as the Communist
Party of Australia. An executive
was appointed to draw up a const!'
tutlon to be submitted to members
for ratification. It is understood
that the new party will affiliate
with the Third (Moscow) Internationale. In a manifesto issued by
the executive, the objects of the
new party are set out to be:
1. Directing its members to
take an active, and, wherever pos'
stble, a lending part in every craft
or Industrial union, and endeavoring to have its members elected In
to the executive bodies.
2. Endeavoring nnd actively
working to replace the existing
craft unions by more up-to-date
efficient industrial unions, which
would be more advantageous for
social revolutionary mass action, as
well us an Important factor tn the
communist reconstruction of
3.- So controlling its members
that each and every one of them
acts strictly according to commuii'
istlc principles.
4. Forming groups of Its members in every mill, factory, work<
shop, and field so that tt ls always
tn a position to direct and control
through its members every industrial dispute and disturbance of (fie
workers, keeping always in mind
the same end—social revolution—
and trying to utilize every spontari
eous action of the workers for that
one end.
5. Taking an active part In the
election for the existing legislative
bodies, whenever it may be for the
advantage of thc complete social
revolution, to demonstrate inside
those Institutions that such Institutions are expressly for the buttressing of the existing capitalists
system, and that therefore they are
working absolutely and always In
opposition to the Interests of the
tolling masses; and to demonstrate
that whenever these institutions
legislate in the interests of the
workers they are doing so not because they sincerely desiro to do so
but always becauso of a danger of
revolt from those whoine they are
exploiting, and always with the
purpose of preserving the existing
(Continued on page 8)
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
WEDNESDAY—Children's Xmas Tree, 4:30 p.ra.
THURSDAY—Dance, 9 to 12.
SATURDAY—New Years Day Dance, 9 to 12.
•< *•< f'•"•-<••• ■ ■••'•• - §••#»•■ .••••-•■•I
Consensus of Opinion at Cassidy Was in Humorous
Mood in Speech Last
Meeting in South
"The time is about ripe for the
miners t0 take over the mines and
coat for the benefit of the community Instead of for profits,"
This statement was made this
week, not in Russia, nor in Eng'
land, but right here in British Columbia, on Vancouver Island. And
the men who made It had very
good reasons for not only making
It, but even for doing it. When
the government enacts a law at
the request of the producers, and
then the producers are told that
the government cannot enforce the
law, what alternative is there for
.the workers? The statement was
made this week at a meeting of
employees of the Pacific Coast
Coal Company in Richards Hall
South Wellington. The meeting
was attended by 250 employees
who had not been paid since November 25, In spite of the act
which provides that miners shall
be paid every two weeks. A delegation which had presented their
case to Mr. Sloan stated that the
government could not enforce the
act. During a lengthy discussion
on the subject the above remarks
(Continued on page S)
Canadian Agent Afraid
Country  WiU .Be
The following news item, clipped from a paper published in
Wales, will give an idea of how
Canada Is seeking immigrants for
this country:
"The grent possibilities of Canada, the splendid prospects for settlors, and the facilities extended
to ex-Service men, were set fortli
in an interesting lantern lecture at
the Parish Hall on Monday even
ing, by Capt. W. Griffiths, Canadian government representative.
The chief constable (Mr. E, Williamson) presided ovti a fairly
large nnd attentive audience.
"No government, said the speaker, had t'-eated their ex-service men
as generously as the Canadian government had, and Canada could
do the same to ex-service men of
this country. To develop the resources of the country the Cunad
Ian government felt juathlud In
making an appeal to the mother
country »o /bend out her bill plug
population. Those who tou.u not
be provided for, even witn the
help of thc land settlement seiifcme
and Small ladings Act jr. this
country, would find no fliffiu Ity
In being settled on the land tn
Canada. In his opinion lt was the
duty of the Mother Country to
send every mnn and every woman
that could be spared, to build up
her great colonies. They wanted
Britishers out there. Thousands
of Americans wero settling In Canada overy year, and there was u
danger of tlio Dominion being
Americanized, Foreigners also settled there In largo numbers, Tho
Canadlnn government wanted to
keop Canada British, and beforo
lhat could bo dono, it tmiBt be built
up with Britishers. As a representative of tho Canadian government, he wns piopared to do all
in his p'ower to find work for any
man who wished to emigrate The
country toduy was very prosperous, it was Immune from industrial uphcawilfl. Out of the revenue
they had bcen able to pay all tho
working expenses, und clear Borne
t tho wai  debt."
i P. Cassldy, speaking for the Socialist Party of Canada, on Sunday
last, brought out his points with
a -wit and humor that, delighted a
large audience. Tlio speaker com
menced by informing his hearers
that the chairman's appeal for
funds to carry on the work of Socialist propaganda might lead to
an inference that the speakers
were paid. However, such was not
the case, and If anyone wanted to
live by preaching Socialism his
name Should be MacSwlney and not
Cassldy. The Socialists had constantly pointed out that the development of capitalism and the
concentration of wealth Into
fewer hands would bring about
periodical crises in the capitalist
wprld, resulting in widespread unemployment and misery. All sortB
oif explanations for these happenings were forthcoming from
other sources ranging from the
"■psychological" theory of President
Wilson to the "spots on the sun"
explanation of Prof. Jevons. It appears that this time tho "reds" are
not being blamed by unemploy-
■'   (Continued on  Page  S)
Great Strides Being Made
By Japanese Workers
j   for Emancipation
(By the Federated Press)
■Tokyo, Japan.—Only a few years
ago in Japan it was punishable by
death to be a Socialist, and the
mere public mention of labor unions was taboo. Today lt Is a matter of debate In thc press whether
labor should abide by parliamentary methods or seek Its goal
through direct action. And it Is
the majority opinion of the press
that the drift within labor's ranks
is markedly to the left. That drift
is as pronounced nmong leaders as
ln the rank and file.
Universal surfrage, the issue
which also brought about a new
general election in Japan a few
months ago, has served as turning
point for labor. The moderato leaders-^, nod era to by western standards, wildly revolutionary from the
Japan es measure of five years ago
—are for concentrating on thc effort to secure a wider suffrage, Mr,
Kawaga, a poet and reputed somewhat of a myBtlc, fs their leader.
Opposed to him are many of the
lenders come up from the ranks
and nlso many of the Intellectuals.
They are for making the fight a
straight cluss struggle baBed on
purely economic coiiNideratlon.
The Iss tie has opened a considerable rift in the Yual-kal, the national labor body, the financial
crisis of the last few months, wltb
the unemployment thnt has resulted, has sharpened tho Issue and
added power to the left. Meantime
the government and the militnry
caste, occupied with thetr own 1k-
siies in China, Korea, Manchuria,
Siberia and the Pacific at large, are
giving anxious heed.
Detroit, Mich.—Locked out waitresses scored a victory when the
kosher restaurant proprietors capitulated after a struggle of four
weeks. The union girls In retaining tlie standards which they had
before the lockout which wns precipitated by an attempt of the restaurant keepers in reduce wages
from $18 to $12 a week.
Big Sums Paid Agents to
Help in the Irish
Murder Fest
Secret Service Men Are
Operating from City
of Vancouver
The Rank and File, published in
San Francisco, makes some interesting revelations regarding the ac.
tlvitles of the British Secret Service in connection with the Irish
situation. The rumors became so
persistent in San Francisco regarding the activities of these agents
In the numerous "frame ups" that
were being made against the Irish,
that the Rank and File put Lawrence De Macy on the job to ferret
out the truth of the matter and he
not only succeeded in getting tho
following Information but also telegrams and letters, facimlle's of
which are published ln the Rank
and File.
After pointing out how these secret service agents were also being
"plots" against them the story goes
"Since tho days of "Atherly" or
"Ardin," who was the director *»f
British espionage on the coast, the
system has been working in full
swing, but only recently has it gone
the limit of hiring gunmen to murder Irish people. Up to six months
ago all the correspondence deals
with the activities of the Irish In
their politics, how they might be
influenced and how tbey were being influenced In San Francisco.
For Instance one California lady,
writing to the new director of
English espionage In Canada,
writes: "Thanks for payment, but
I regret that you were not able to
pay me all thc money I advanced
to our friend. As I told you before he is very valuable and his
cousin is the chief man In ..the
Irish movements here. I trust you
will see your way to let me Have
this. I am enclosing a cutting from
which you will see that the Dall
Saoirseacht Is only to commemorate the rebellion of 1910." The
letter is signed "Lcola."
Got Telegrams
Another letter from some one
signing "Your Friend" details, with
gusto, how the rumor was spread
that Kathleen O'Brennan was
made to appear i a British spy
and how the "F.g fellow" wired
to Portland to prevent President
do Vnlcra from having anything lo
do with her. Investigation provod
that thia was really so, that telegrams had bcen sent to a clergyman thero In the name of a politician interested In the Irish movement in San Francisco and some
of theso are now in possession of
(Continued   on   Page  S)
Unemployment Committee in Vancouver tackles
Unsolvable Problem Under Present System—
Measure of Partial Belief Is Promised
v   ■        by Local and Federal Authorities
"The unemployed problem in the
city of Vancouver, unsolvable as It
IsV-iinder the present method of
wealth production, fs being tackled with far belter chances of success at relief thla year than ever
before. Tho unemployed committeo elected by the unemployed last
week, now haB the matter so well
In hand, that not only has the city
authorilies and the Federal government taken steps io provide relief work for about 40G0 men, but
it has olso been able to secure
funds for the feeding of the needy
ones while this work Is being planned.
Ihe old "army huts on Cambie
street grounds have been turned
over to the committee, and sleeping Quartors prodded ft-r those unable to pay for same. Commencing with next week, food wll be
prepared and served In the huts to
single men, and rations will be supplied to needy families. Duvlng
tht past week, three numbers of
the committee have bcen busily
engaged preparing certifl rtte.i for
men "Ut of work. Tirtj procedure
being adopted Is as follows: The
men upply to the committee, which
supplies them with a note to the
unemployment office, where it ts
stamped, showing that there Is no
work. When tt is returned to the
committee's quarters it is filed and
the man receives, If married, a certificate for rations for a week, and
if single, a card entitling him to
eat at any restaurant in the city
to the extent of 65 cents a day.
"The scheme Is working out very
well so far," says Chairman Miller, "but there ts scarcely a man
who would not sdoner be given a
job rather than a hand-out."
The unemployed are not seeking
charity, and will not be quite satisfied until the situation is relieved
by placing the men to work. This
has been promised by the Federal
government for the now year, and
unless lived up to, mny be the
cause of serious unrest.
Relief for Women
The unemployed committee ls
.not only handling the situation for
men, but also for women. Any
girl or woman needing relief will
be readily given same If they will
get in touch with the committee,
by phoning Sey. 6451. The committee has been acquainted with
many cases that were readily desperate, and were only made aware
of by other people.
Co-opcratlon with Relief Office
The committee Is working* in
conjunction with the city relief office, and this fs giving a great deal
of satisfaction to both parties. During the week the Hardware and
Metal Merchants Association of B.
C. made a donation of $1100, which
the treasurer stated, was donated
for relief by city merchants, Instead of buying presents for their
"Let Them Come"
The unemployed problem is
world wide, and those in Vancouver do not approve of blocking the
efforts of Great Britain to relieve
Lewis Is Defeated by Big
Majority—Daily Press
Seattle—Robert H. Harlln wns
elected president of the United
Mine WorkerB of Amorica In last
week's balloting by a majority of
at least 20,000, according to a
statement given out by officials of
District No. io of tho organization
Saturday morning. The estimate
i>_ based on telegraphic reports received from muny pails of the
Newspaper dispatches quoting
Kills H, Soarles,.editor of the Mine
Workers Jndrnal, Indianapolis, as
stating- that John L. Lewis, liar-
lin's opponent, had been elected
were declared by local mine worker officials tn be falso and issued
for the prrpose of building up a
psychological attitude In which
members of the organization could
accept itUih a result.
A comparison of the vole cast In
the home camps ot the two candidates shows that Lewis was overwhelmingly beaten in both. Panama, 111., the home of Lewis, gave
Harlln Ti33 and Lewis 2C. Cleelum
thc home Of Harlin, gave Lewis
but throe votes out of 443.—Scuttle
Union Record,
Xmas Tree
4:30 P.M. TO 8:30 P.M,
Children whoso pni'ents are members of the O. B. U„ who
will attend the entertainment, should write to J. Qt, Smith, 804
Pender Street West, giving tbelr names and ages on or before
December 27thi
Donations of money, cakes or fruit, will be received by tho
secretary Women's Auxiliary, Box 483 Joyce Road, or by J, Q.
Smith, at 804 Ponder Street West,
It ln Its own way. This was emphasized at a meeting of the unemployed on Wednesday, .when a
resolution was presented ln which
It was proposed to send'to the government at Ottawa usklng that no
encouragement be given to the
proposaly of Premier Lloyd George
that the unemployed of Britain be
sent to Canada,
"Let them come," the crowd
shouted when the resolution Was
placed before the gathering.
Toronto, Ont., Is reported as
having 20,000 unemployed, which
is double that of Vancouver, and
many other large cities In the east
have from 1000 to 6000 who could
be better employed than looking
for work. jjome of the prairie
cities are confronted with large
numbers of unemployed, and the
situation on the whole Is far front
rosy, for the majority of these during the next tew months, unless
extensive relief schemes are adopted by the governing bodies.
Where is your union button?
Miners   and    Transport
Union Starts New Industrial Union
The outcome of the1 One Big Union conference, which was held at
Melbourne, Australia, In October
last, is that the new organization
Ib to officially launch the new
scheme with two departments as a
beginning—the mining and transport departments. The One Big
Union enters upon the industrial
field in Australia as an active organization marking a new phase of
industrial organization in that
country. The following motions
were carried at the conference,
held in Melbourne:
"The miners having formed an
industrial union necessary for
launching the One Big Union, and
the transport workers having also
declared in favor of the One Big
Union, it is decided that the Waterside Workers now arrange for an
alteration of their rules in conform.
Ity with the constitution and preamble of the Ono Big Union—the
miners and" waterside workers tu
function as the mining and trann-
port departments of the Workers'
industrial Union of Australia (the
One-Big Union)."
A conference Is to be called ol
the Australian Rallwaymen's Union
Waterside Workers Federation,
Seamen's Union and Miners' Feder.
ation to be held on January 25
1921, to consider linking up with
the respective departments of the
Onc Big Union. In the meantime
the various One Big Union propaganda committees in the various
Australian states will get active and
endeavor to secure the railwaymen
and the seamen to link up wifh
thc One Big Union.
The seamen recently carried a
ballot In favor of joining the
Transport Workers' Federation no
against the One Big Union, but the
officials of. the Seamen's union
maintained, when the ballot was
announced, that the ballot did not
necessarily mean that the seamen
were opposed to the One Big Union, but at the lime they favored
linking up with the Transport
Workers' Federation.
The One Big Union conference
in Melbourne definitely laid it down
that individual members must not
be taken from craft unions but
that the uniona must conic over fn
a body, though this ruin does not
npply to those unions which refuse to tako a ballot on thc question of joining the Ono Big Union.
Fourteen Also Elected in
Towns of the Provinces
Thirteen of the Itttnfltm boroughs have returned Labor mayors
and fourteen of the provincial
London—Bethnal Green, Cr. J, J,
Vaughan: Camberwoll, cr. J, «,
Spradbrow; Deptfol'd, Aid, W. H.
Green; Fulhnm, Aid. R. M. Gentrv;
Greenwich, Aid. B. J, Lemon;
Hackney, Herbert Morrison; Islington, Cr. 13, H. King; Lambeth, Cr.
W. S. Bishop; Poplar, Cr. Sam
Marsh; St. Pnncrns, Aid. H. J".
Brown, J. P.; Shorcdltch, Cr. W.
H. Girling; Southwlck, Cr. G. A.
Provinces—Barnsloy, Cr. Snm
Jones, J. P.; Barrow-in-Furness, Cr.
Geo. liiistcrfleld; Bootle, J. II. Jihn-
.sioTTTBrighouse, Aid. Dennis Ilard-
aker. J. P.; Colne, Aid. J. White;
Grantham, Cr. Geo. Robinson; like- ,
ston, Cr. W. Smith: Merthyr Tydfil,'
David Jones; Nottingham, Cr. H,
Bowles; Nuneaton, Aid.- J, Handle;
Sheffield, Aid. Wardley; Todmor-
den, Aid, T. Greenwood; Wullsend,
Cr. William Forrest, Wlgan, Cr.
Edwin Kates, J. V, .*_■ pAGE TWO
twelfth tear. no. 5»    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. a
..December 24,  1920
Our Best Wishes
for a very
Merry Christmas
Millar & Coe
Headquarters for China and Toys
419 Hastings St W.
Phone Sey. 475
bank of Locomotive Engineers Ex.
pc* is Two Million Dollars of
Deposits hy New Tear
(By tlA: Federated Presa).
Washington.—Warren. S.■• Stone,
Brand chief of the Brotherhood of
Locomotive En gin eor s, and chairman of the hoard of the B. of L. E.
Co-operative National Bank, ln
Cleveland, announces to the Federated Press that the bank, which
was opened on November 1, 1920,
had SI,500,000 of deposits on December 7, and will pass the '$2,000,.
000 mark by December 31. Its first
week-showed 400 depositors, with
a total of over {500,000 in deposits.
The first $1,000,000 was in hand
by December 1st.
"Ours is the first oo-operative^jia*
tlonal bank ever chartered," says
Stone, "and I believe it is the flrat
co-operative bank tn the United
States. Starting in the middle of a
quarter, we deposited but very little of our funds because we did
not care to lose the interest for the
last six months of the year, and so
we find many who -will later become depositors being in the same
position—wishing to save accrued
"The bank is specializing particularly in systematic savings, in
trust funds, and ln foreign ex-
change.   The   funds of the  banks
will be used for productive purposes, ln aiding men In need, the
building of homes, and for the promotion of the co-operative movement."
New   Zealand   Government   Says
Pcuple Can Get Along Without
Armour's Monopoly
As a result of exhaustive enquiries into the operations of Armours' Meat Trust in New Zealand,
the labor government of that country has decided to refuae Armours
a license to export meat from New
Zealand. At the inquiry instituted
by the government, Armours put
up the plea that they were really
the friends oC the meat producers,
and that they had been grossly
maligned. But the New Zealand
government was not convinced by
the story put up by the Beef Trust.
It, ruled that the constant aim of
the trust was monopoly, and wouid
eventually demand from the producers their supplies at low prices
while-at the same time it would
force high prices from the consumers.
Moscow. — One hundrod ond
twenty-six thousand tons df peat
were produced ln Russia during
the current year. The estimate for
next year is 189,000 tons.
One defective tooth spoils
your entire set of teeth
It mars their appearance — it allows food
which is imperfectly masticated to pass — it
provides a home for germs which attack
your sound teeth.
Don't make thc mistake of thinking that
lany defect is too small for attention.
Constant care and attention is the price of
good teeth—Let me help you. ,
Corner  Seymour
Office  open Tuesday  and   Friday
 B| Evenings
Victory Bonds accepted in payment for dental work.
I Specialize in
Cull nnd sec actual models A
my work—vithcr the Rpmov-
utile Hrliii-c or tho fixed typo
of Brliljctiwork. Years of
practice enable mo to tousuro
you lirimtiful and jircclso
DH.   BRETT   ANl)F.ft8QN,   former])- member nf the Faculty of thn
College of Dentistry, University at Southern  California,  Lecturer
on Crown and Bridgework, Demonstrator tn JMitnwork and Operative Dentistry, Local and General Anaesthesia.
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows thai cheap goods' can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish,
U. S. Police Authorities
Stage Crime Against
(Uy Mary Heaton Vorse, staff writer for the Federated Press)
We drove through tho sweet New
England towns on our way to the
jail in Dadham where Nicola Sacco
has Jieen sitting for six months, de.
prtved of all occupation, waiting
his trial.
He la accused of having killed
two menjyi April 15, and having
made off in an automobile with
'$T8,i)00 from the payroll' of the
Slater'and Merrll Shoe plant In
South 'Brain tree, Mass. Labor is
again on trial In Massachusetts.
I&rtolemeo Vanzettl ls also accused of this crime. But he is not
in Dedhnm Jail because ho has already begun serving a fifteen-year!
sentence In Oliarlestown. On Dff-
eember 24th, 1 J* 10, thero was an
attempted hold-up In Brldgewater
of another shoe company. No arrests were made—not until May 5th
.1920. Thero were eighteen people
Wbo* swore an alibi for Vanzettl.
Eighteen people testified that on
tho afternoon and evening of December 24th Vanaetti was selling
eels in Plymouth, for eels on
Christmas Eve are to Italians what
turkeys are to us on Thanksgiving.
These witnesses knew Vanzettl
ver.v^vell, for he was a flsh ped-j
dler in Plymouth. But the testimony of these eighteen people did
not count with the American Jury.
There were three people who identified Vanzettl as the man who they
had seen six months before driving
in an automobile, from which shots
were fired in Brldgewater. One of
the women who identified Vanzettl
was blind in one eye. But their
Identification convicted him.
As for Sacco, he was in Boston
getting his passport on the day the
murder was committed. He has
witnesses to, prove this alibi. Nor
would one of the people brought in
to Identify him swear that this was
the man they saw shooting. But
Sacco and Vanzetti are offenders of
another sort.
The matter with theee boys is
that, they have been fighting the
workers' battles all their days. Not
only were th^y gallant fighters,
both of them, but moreover, they
were inconveniently holding meetings about Salsedo, Salsedo who
went crazy—maybe—and on M.ay 1
Jumped from the fourteenth floor
window of the Post Ofllce building
in New, York City, where he had
heen Illegally detained by the Department of Justice agents for
months—the only man who died tn
Mr. Palmer's great May day revolution. Among the Italians there
ls a ghastly suspicion that Salsedo did not Jump—anyway It was
mighty Inconvenient having young
men holding meetings about him,
And a crime had been committed
for which convictions were wanted,
Weil, Sacco and Vanzettl are ln Jail
Loving people as he did, loving
learning as he did, Sacco was
wounded to the quick that he
should be accused of a crime like
I wasn't ready for a boy like this,
a boy who would wring your heart
with hfs enthusiasm for life and
learning, a boy so undimmed by
his six months of waiting inactive
in Jail. Soon his talk drifted away
from his case and his trial. He
tumbled out hfs story. Seven years,
employment in one place, and how
he missed his wife and how ho
wanted to see the new baby, and
how his boss had come to visit him
in Jail, and the boss' wife had given
him a sacred heart and he had
taken It "not'to hurt a lady's feelings," and the guard had seen lt
and said: "Hell, why didn't you
pay you was a Catholic and you'd 'a
boen out of here," and couldn't we
get him some more of -D'Annun-
zio's books and scientific books—
in- Italian, could we?
And suddenly there stabbed
througti me the certainty that this
boy wasn't worried about himself.
He didn't even dream he could be
In danger. He didn't know what
powers tliore were massed against
him. He did not realize that he is
the greatest enemy of the organized manufacturer, for Sacco Is a
fighting idealist. He loves people
and children; ho loves learning. He
has another quality which his wtfe
shares with him. Wherever Sacco
and his wife pass by they leave a
trail of affection behind thom. People love them for their ardent enthusiasm, their gaiety and their
ready helpfulness. Such men are
Maybe It Is Just as well he dnes
not know this. Maybe the clear
light of his confident Innocence will
shine out In the courtroom ns it
did In thc Jai) that day.
There is a big hook published,
I think, hy the Kusselt Sage Foundation about Justice and the poor.
It la a very big book, and what
their lengthy Investigations proVed
could be summed up in five words:
Poor men cannot get Justice.
As for active labor men, all the,
dice are loaded against them if
they fall Into the clutches of tht
lawi Alt labor Is on trial with Nlc-
i'Ia Sneco and Barlolemo Vtinxettt.
It is bound up with all the fight
that Is going on for the unton shop
and the unalterable determination
of tho employers to smash the
workors. Labor can save these boys
and at the same time help to win
their own battle.
LABOR:   "Halt!   Whago^fthere?"
WAB:   "A friend."
LABOR:    "Yes, the|last friend of Capitalism.
workers of the world hivve done with you."
Stand  back!    The
-From the Australian Worker.
How the Bolsheviks Govern
Musician*. To Arms.
The Die Gottdamerung of Capitalism has arrived. Let us keep
music, the language that all people understand, in the vanguard ot
the new regime, Tho nucleus of
an orchestra "has been formed.
Any Instrumentalists wishing tu
affiliate  are  requested   to  coiiini.'*
hicatc with George A. ppnald, \H\
Horner street. Sey. 6618R. Thers
Is no charge.
Moscow. — A "palace of labor"
which will house all local trade union organisations and (jive them all
faculties for organization work will
be established In each city of Soviet Rusgtii, according to an order
Isfiitoil by the AM ij.tu_i.lan.Central
I Executive commit too*
(By H. N. Brnilsford)
IN MY talks with the peasants
I was chiefly anxious to learn
their view of the system of requisitions. The peasants'pay ho
taxes, no rent, no Interest on mort
gages, and usually their miserable
little holdings have been enlarged
since the revolution. On the other
hand, they must give up the surplus of their crops to the government, which maintains a monopoly
ot the trade in grain. Forty
pounds of rye per month Is allowed
for every member of a'-peiMh'tit's
family over one year of -afile,-'which
seems a more than sufficient A!V«.i
age amount. Fodder, oais,!anrt"p'oj-
tatoes are treated in the'feantcity'&j?.
The surplus ls valued at'tho SdViet
prico, which is a mere1 ftaotlOrt'of
the speculative price. >KheWr,etl-
cully the peasant ought to^bo.*ble
to buy with the purchase,, motley
boots, textiles and the liktt, alsai at
the nominal Soviet price*., but/in
practice these goods are scarce* *nd
seldom obtainable; and . the.r.low
money payment for ondithijd of.
the levy is, therefore, . almost
worthless. The peasant .is. .entitled
also to receive the valuaiof two-
thirds of his requisitioned cropt}. In
kind (cotton, oil, salt, etc.),' but
once more, the quantities givon are
often inadequate. The .equation,
if the surplus Is large, will not
balance, and discontent is IneVlt
able. None the less, ' the poorer
peasants, the majority) who have
rarely any large surplus, Hiiffer little from these requisitions and
probably receive mueh more than
they give. One big giant of a peasant, a young man with an open
and kindly face, a Communist, as
the younger men are apt to ho,
gave mc the experience of his little village. It consslsted of 223
persons (say forty families) and in
rye (the chief crop) bad only given
up 1,000 pounds as Its collective
contribution. It wttl certainly get
textiles and paraffin, not to mention free schooling, and other Stato
services, which exceeded the value
of this corn levy many times over.
It U the richer peasants, especially
in tbo black earth zone,, where
Communism was never strong, who
have a grievance, since they grow
a big surplus nnd receive only a
fraction ot Its value ln kind. Thc
war on tho whole eased the requisitions as the young soldiers came
and went nn leave. Certain parts
of fields were marked off for
the levy, "this is for the comrades" meaning the absent Red
soldiers), and set lt aside.
A Hostile Peasant.
At this point In my talk with
the young giant, a bustling elder
peasant kept interrupting us. "Now
take a new page," he Insisted, "for
your notes of what 1 have to say."
He was evidently a somewhat
richer msn. He had eut 120 poods
(a pood ls 40 potfhda) of hay, and
had to give up three poods for the
levy. This seemed tb him a gross
exaction, nnd he was surprised
that I had no sympathy tn bestow.
His chief personal reason for opposition to the Revolution wiis, I
think, that some time before it, he
and some neighbors hud clubbed
together to buy the forest- which
served their village. They had
paid all but the last Instalment of
the price when suddenly thc Revolution nationalized their forest.
They can still rut all they need for
their own use. whether for fuel or
for building, but they cannot make
a profit by selling to othurs. He
had once worked In a factory "under Englishmen and Germans aud
knew what Superior men really are
like. As for these Communist
leaders and officials, they nre just
ornlnary workmen and he. looked
down on them." He wished they
had all stuck to the "Culculatiou"
Government (he meunt "Coalition"
I.e., Kerensky) and fought on te
the end In the war, Then "they
would have been on top, and could
have made the Germans pay, and
the Allies would have helped
thein." He was for the Constituent Assembly, but all tho same
fa' little nervously) wns a nonparty man." In point of fact, I
think he .must have been a typical
"Social  Revolutionary."  -
Types of AflmhiitMi'Utoi'H.
Of some of the mon at the head
of the Soviet administration I saw
a good deal, nnd on the whole my
Impression was favorable. All of
tbem except; the directors of IMU-
cation and Health had bion manna! vwirhe h. -'M-l all e:o'!|U the ftl-
I'Vetur nf ll'-a'.'i were Communists.',
i heard them described I..V Inmtllo I
"Intellectuals" as mere "lzvost-
chiks" (cab-drivers) and '.'unlettered laborers." Such phrases, I
thiiilt, expressed only the contempt
of the middle-class mind for the
men who workB with hts hands,
and I heard them more ofton from
half-educated persons, than from
doctors or teachers, who often
spoke well of the administration.
President Kudrasheff, who liked
to encourage my limping Russian,
was a man of dignified presence
and courteous speech, who made
an admirable chairman of the Soviet. I once heard htm quote a
Russian cNfcwtc in a way that shpvv
ed familiarity^ aiid the cjear and
connected account which .he gave
me of the history of Vladimir,
since the Revolution,„could have
come only from a disciplined mind.
With another colleague, one of the
three heads of the Department of
Producton, I spent a whole day.
An engineer by trade, he delighted
me by his lucid disquisitions
machinery, in which he showed no
mean knowledge of theoretical mechanics and mathematics. He reminded me of a Scotch carpenter
whom I knew as a boy, who became a teacher of science. He
was the typical Communist, idealist yet realist, his brain on fire
with schemes for turning science
to account to develop the neglected
resources of Russia. I got him to
talk freely abiut the "intellectual^"
who served under him. On some
of them, chiefly architects and engineers, he poured the most generous eulogy. They were, ho said,
men with the spirt of "artists,"
who worked for the pleasure of
creation and the motive of service.
He paid a high tribute to their
zeal, and said they would often
work voluntarily for 14 or 16 hours
a day. These were always the
alUt'st. men of their profession, and
with these It was a pleasure to
work. Others, the type of man
man who had only worked for
profits and fees ln the old days,
performed their minimum tasks
Indifferently. The Director of
Education, Comrude Plaksya, was|
the ohly University man In the
team, plainly an Idealist of the
self-sacrificing Russian type, gentle,
kindly, and in love with his children and his work. Thc others
Impressed me less, perhaps becnuse
they were less reserved, but they
were modest and frank In speaking
of their failures and difficulties—
probably, as everyone told me, the
abler men were mostly at the front.
One could not say that the administration attained, by western
standards, a high standard of competence. What Russian administration over did?
The Inspector.iti*.
Corruption when detected was
severely punished, and a rather
elaborate system existed for detecting both corruption and inefficiency. This system of "Inspection" supplied the detailed control,
which the Soviet Itself can not undertake in Its short and infrequent
sittings. The Soviet of each "government" elects a standing "collegiate" of five Inspectors, und
these In turn engage a staff nf
specialists. They examine alt the
plans, estimates, and accounts of
thu departments, watch the work
In operation, and make . "flying"
visits unannounced to factories
They arc assisted by delegates,
workmen and peasants, elected by
the factory councils and the local
(uyezd and volost) councils, who
attend their sittings and accompany their visits of inspection. In
this way an independent, popular
element Is brought In to check the
bureaucracy. A similar machinery
on a .--mailer scale exists In the
country (uyezd) and the pariah
(volost). Again, there is a "Bureau of Complaints" which receives
.and Investigates wrltton protests
trom Indlvlvdual citizens who think
they have been wronged by officials. Out of 648 complaints In
seven months In the Vladimir
province 59 wore found to be justified, and the grlevannce were ro-
dressed. The proportion seems
low. but lt may be, as tho chief of
tho bureau explained, that most
of the complainants supposed erroneously that they hnd suffered
wrong because (.hey did not know
tho law of the new regime. Three
of thc five persons who acted as
the jury of this bureau tiro non-
The  "Extraordinary Commission."
Tho "Extraordinary Com mission"    whicli    combats   "counter*'
re illation" on'oy* ■!•   :■ vrP.Je repu-
Protest?  Against Soviet
Agreement With United
States Interests
(By  Australian  correspondent  for
the Federated Press)
According to private cables received at the Japanese embassy,
Sydney, Australia, the Japanese
government is exceeding wroth at
the Soviet concession to American
business interests of a huge tract
of land ln Eastern Siberia. The
"Federated Press" Bureau at Sydney, Australia, learns'that the Japanese attitude -is. bellicose.and-fight
is hinted, at.' Whi>theiMhin __ "Fiot
ulr" or not remains-to bo< se*ft.''j It-
appears that some'ttifte *£o'ft-'big
financial proposition* earned "from
America to the S6vi.it government,
giving the American interests a
monopoly of some 400,000 square
miles of territory in Eastern Siberia, and tbie proposition has
been ratified by tho Soviet government—which virtually means the
ceding of so much territory to
America. Japan objects to the ratification of the proposition on the
somewhat unstable argument that
the Soviet government has not been
recognized by the Allied nations,
and therefore any agreements arrangements or contracts with thc
Soviet government are null and
void. It is further stated that Japan, as an ally of Great Britain,
stands, upon her rights to»the control of the territory, and Js determined to have them. Japan further
claims that the concession deprives
her of some of her rights acquired
as a result of the Russo-Japanese
war, and creates a position Intolerable to her.
The following Is a copy of t"he
cable message sent to the Japanese
embassy nt Sydney, Australia:
"According to Information lately
received by the Japanese government, an American financial group,
with which a certain Mr. Vanderlip Is said to be connected, entered
into agreement with the Soviet government of Russia. Under this
agreement it. is reported that the
American group obtained from the
Soviet government the leasehold
right for a period of 60 years, over
a tract of territory in Eastern Si*
beria, to the east of the meridian
pf 160 degrees, East longitude.7-covering 400,000 .square miles, -inclusive of Kamschatka. Such right
confers, during the term of' the
lease,* monopoly by the financial
group aforesaid of the coal, petroleum and fishing industries. It ls
further reported however, that the
American government has mado a
declaration to the effect that the
Soviet government of Russia not
having been recognized, the United States could give no support to
the agreement in question. In view
of the fact that the Soviot govern
ment has not been recognized by
any of the Powers, it is hardly ne
cessary to point out that the Jap
anese government is ln no way
bound to take cognisance of any
such private agreement, whoever
the parties thereto may be. nor
would it be prepared to give its
assent-to any act or measure* which
infringes upon Japan's treaty rights
in relation to Russia or affects her
certainly Is a ruthless engine of
terror. If one would form a picture of Russian life, however, one
must bear In mind that the vast
mass of the Russian population
lives in the provinces. There has
never been a "terror" In Vladimir,
though undoubtedly life had been
made harder at one time for the
middle-class than It Is now. The
hostile "intellectuals" with whom I
talked, guessed that about forty
persons had been executed in the
whole province since the Revolution, out of a population of 1,800,-
000. In fact, as the books of the
commission showed, there had
been in all 79 persons executed
since the Revolution. Of these,
according to the records, eighteen
had taken part in armed mutinies
and were taken with armB; twelve
were officials guilty nf grave dereliction of duty, usually; corruption;
twelve were bandits and robbers;
twelve were members of the old
Tsarist Secret Police, nnd twenty-
five were deserters. No one, in
short, was shot merely for political opinions.
The commission ceased Jn Feb-
uhp* of this year to hnve the right
to pass capital sentences. I looked
oVer the calendar of its k\3g serious
cases, which included peculation,
bribery, drunkenness, and robbery,
nnd found in It one category of ob-
Vlvoua political offences, under
the heading "counter-revolutionary and anti-Soviet activities."
There were six such cases this
year; all but one were acquitted,
and this one, sentenced to six
months' imprisonment, was released after two months. I heard
frequent complaints which certainly were, or hnd been, well-
founded, of the dilatory procedure
of the Extraordinary Commission.
Men .were often arrested and "sat,"
as Russians say, for weeks In prison before a charge wits formulated : the prison, moreover, was
dirty and the food bad and Insufficient. The president admitted the
truth of this complaint tn the past,
but declared that since his own
recent appointment, no prisoner
had been kept for more than 24
hours without a charge. Nothing
can alter tbat fact that this commission is a summary court, armed
until lately with absolute powers,
wording In secret and admitting no
defence save such as the prisoner
cnn make unaided, but its actual
rocord was much milder than its
reputation. Its chief wor'/, however, Is to prepare cases for other
tribunals. The "Revolutionary
Tribunal" is, on the other hand, a
regular court, sitting in public
and admitting defence by advocates
under the usual forms. I heard
nothing to Its discredit In Vladimir {
and Its president impressed mei
favorably. It has this yenr (up to
lhe end of September) pnssed only
threo capital sentences. Of these
cases one wus an official a Communist who stolo government
stores, another an ex-Tsarlst agent
provocu'."!ir, and  th" third  a de-.
twice repented bis offense.
Ultlon . ubi'oad, aud iu Moscow uLondon Nation*
New Modes
Clearing in our
at greatly reduced prices
NO WOMAN has enough garments for her needs when the
purchase of new ones is made so easy. "From Maker'to
Wearer" Suits, Coats, Dresses and Skirts have originality in line
und color that will distinguish you. Our great sale makes thetu
irresistible values. < ,-
—From Maker to Wearer-
timr (■ranvllle
l'Hnblistmient of  Trade   Relations
Soon Expected lo Re l*ut
Into Force
(By the Federated Press)
Stockholm. — Professor Georges
Lemonosoff, formerly in charge of
the transportation division of the
Russian Soviet Bureau at New
York, has arrived here with plenary powers from the Soviet government to conduct negotiations
with Sweden relative to the composition ,of the proposed trade delegation.
Lemonosoff, besides being sent on
this special mission, has been placed In general charge with full powers, of all Negotiations affecting the
Russian railway system, both in Its
relations to Europe and the United
States. His authority is coequal to
that of a people's commissary.
It ls expected that Lemonosoff's
presenco here will now definitely
lead to the establishment of trade
relations between Sweden and Russia,
A. bonk which should be of Interest both to trado unionists and
tp students of Russian conditions
is "Trade Unions in Soviet Russia,"
just Issued by the Labor Research
department and the I. L. P. Information Committee,, nt ls fid,
post free, Is 8d, (to be had from
34 Eccleston Square, S. W. I., or
the National Labor Press). The
book consists of a collecton of first
hand documents issued by the Russian Trade Unions themselves, so
that they are allowed to tell their
story in their own words. The
collection contains:
(1) A History of Russian Trn.de
Unionism to 1920, by Lozovsky
(executive member of tho Alt
Russia 'Central Council of Trade
(2) Report of the Third Trada|
Union Congress,  March,  1920.
(3) Lenin's speech to the Third
Congress on Trade Union Policy.
(4) Typical Unions, their rules,
history, policy, etc.; the Metal
Workers' Union; the Agricultural
Workers' Union;  the    Civil    Ser-
vltal Interests arising out of geographical or other con si der a tions,'.'
The Japanese embassy at Sydney
claims that Japan bought her right
In Siberia at the expense of much
fighting and shedding of blood and
means to fight thc matter out to the
end. This seems to be an indication that the Japanese were not in
Siberia purely to make the world
"safe for democracy."
vants', Shop Assistants' _p\ ClorkfJ
Union; the Art Worker.' Union.
The wholo makes a very comB
plete survey which has been isT
sued at a. specially cheap price if
the prospect of a large edition.
Moseow.—Plans to organize frel
restaurants and feeding centre!
throughout the Soviet republic a]
well as the free distribution of j
kinds of provisions have heen elabl
orated by the council of people|
Healthy Young j
THE wise mother will wtteh carefully
1 thst tht growing girl has rtgular
daily elimination for upon that itt
health depends. If she complaint df
heailacbe, blllousnest, loss ot appetite
or sleep you may suspect constipation.
Give a teaspoonful of Dr. Caldwell's
Laxative Syrup Pepsin, andby morning
the will he well. It Is a combination of
simple laxative herbs with pepsin, and
the full formula is on the package,
When you sea how wonderfully lt actt
you will in the future avoid drastic
calomel and castor oil even if diwulaed
in sugar-coated pllla. A tlxty-cent
bottle of Dr. Caldwell's Laxative Syrup
Fepatn lasts montha,
i If you -would like to test Dr. CaU-
^ wet's Laxative Syrup Pepsin free of
charge before buyiag it in the regular
way of your druggist, semi your name
and address toDr.W.B. GiUuvIl,
19 Front St., Bfidgcburg, Out, and
a free trial bottle will be tent you
promptly, postpaid.
Greatest Stock of
In Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 BattUit Strwt WHt
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Easy Shaving
Gillette or Auto Strop Safety Razors make the j.ttilyv
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Seymonr 988-872 Seymour 9513 *HiDAr.	
» —
..ibeeember ti, U20
Lumber Camp and Agricultural Workeri' Department of the One Big Union
Proceedings of Prince
George Convention
Beid at Prlnee   George,   Sunday,
December 13, 1020.
The convention was called to order at 10 a. m. by Seoretary Morrison. Nominations for chairman
being called for, Fellow-worker
Pedley was elected by acclamation..
Nominations for credential committee being called for, Fellow-
workers  Hanson,     Morrison     and
Sawyer were elected.
|, Credentials committee reported
tbe following delegates eligible to
ett with their respective representations: Delegate Pedley, Jennings' tie camp, Kngen (representing 40 members); Delegate Llss,
Pearson's tic camp, Foreman (representing 23 members,; Delegate
Campbell, McNeil's tie camp, Pe-
row (representing 32 members);
Delegate McPherson, Blair's tie
camp, Foreman (representing 40
Moved, that the report of credentials committee be accepted,
and the committee discharged.
There being only four accredited delegates present, lt was found
necessary that they resolve themselves into committee of the whole
in order to draft resolutions for
submission to the general convention. Secretary's report from July
12 to date.
Mr. Chairman and Fellow-work-
era: In drafting my report, I have
endeavored to confine myself to
what in my opinion are the salient
features of the standing of the organization in this district.' Any
matter that ls not covered In this
.report, and ln the opinion of the
delegates, should be dealt witb,
can be made subject matter on the
floor of the convention.
When I took office on July 12
last, I found a number of the
camps without delegates, as a result of the strike, which took place
ft short time previous, a good many
of the most active members and
delegates having been discriminated
against. I circularized tho camps
from which I had names, in an endeavor to reorganize the district,
nnd where possible, had the members elect their own delegates.   In
comparatively small number of
cases, the membership responded,
but on the whole there was a marked apathy; an evident lack of Initiative to build the organization
on the job, I considered the advisability of us putting an organiser in the field, and took the matter up with the district executive.
However, we concluded that ln
View of our financial state, all expenditure would have to be made
When the maximum results could
be obtained, consequently we postponed an organizing campaign until fall, when we supposed logging
operations would commence:
The actions of the masters In
throwing the brakes on the wheels
of industry ln the meantime will
force us to revise our programme
along those lines. Along the G.
T. P. east all logging camps with
the exception of one or two small
outfits have closed down, and these
are composed of a few of the boss-
frlends, who have suffered a
wage-red uction without a protest.
,One of the greatest factors in
retarding the usefulness of the organization In thts district Is the
fact that conditions are so rotten
that they force the membership to
be a migratory one, with the consequent effect that it Is practically
Impossible to get delegates to remain long enough in one place to
accomplish anything material.
Although many cards have been
told, we find a conspicuous lack of
that unanimity of purpose and action that Is all essential to a working class movement. These de-
ficiences must be overcome, ere
we can expect our organization to
function along the lines embodied
In its structure. Discrimination
against members or delegates who
are active In the fight to better
their own and their fellow-wnrk-
jrV conditions, must bo fought
nllltantly, If we ever hope to com-
iel the bosses to recognize our
right to organize on a common
At tho special convention held
iere in July, a resolution .proposing that per capita be reduced
!rom GOc to*3Gc, was adopted, and
ubmltted t0 the general conven-
lon, the purpose being to augment
■Ur dUtrlct funds so that we would
e able to procure our literature
Itreet, feeling that each district is
aore familiar with Us needs In
hat respect.
The resolution waB defeated in
onventlon, but the central office,
owever, undertook to supply the
lass and amount (consistent with
ts needs), that each district re-
uired. We find, however, that
hey have failed to fulfil their ob-
gatlon to a certain extent, due to
lie fact that an embarrassing ;
Inanclal situation necessitated a
urtailment of expenditure.
Our assortment of literature now
onslsts of the Federationist, Clar-
Hi, and the Soviet Russia, the later being paid for out of the dls-
rlct treasury.
I would urge upon this conven-
lon the Importance of evolving an
ducational and literature policy
bet. will meet the needs of the
nombers of this district and one
hat will teach them how to more
ffectlvely overcome their exploi-
itlon, where they come ln contact
Flret Aid,
First Aid Instruction Classes will
ommence January 4. -The Com-
ensatlon Board will arrange class.
i preylous to that date if twenty
r more will attend.	
with the grinding Industrial machine at the point of production.
I have not rendered a detail
financial statement as the accounts
of each district are checked and
audited by the headquarters office
monthly, and the receipts and expenditures published In the Federatlonist.
Notwithstanding the fact that
the general and lumber workers'
convention, both of which took
place within the past four months,
have been a heavy drain on our resources, our recelptts have exceeded our expenditures .each month
by a fair margin. The bank balance oh July 81 was $151.96, and
on November 30, $266.77. From
July 12 to date we have taken In
260 members, but I regret to have
to report that mombers ln arrears
anywhere from -three to eighteen
months constitute fully 70 per cent,
of the membership on the files., I
would recommend In that connection that an audit of those in arrears be made and If it is possible
to locate them, that they be nsked
to pay their back dues, and further, that their failure to do so
would mean that their cards be
turned in and their names "struck
off" the files.
In conclusion, I trust this convention will have ln mind the necessity of building the foundation
of tbe organization on the job,
from which must come its control, lf it is to function In the interest of the members who con
tribute to It.
Moved, that the secretary's report be accepted as read.   Carried.
Moved, that membrrs in good
standing, othr than delegates, be
allowed a voice and seat In convention.   Carried.
A communication from the O.
B. U. Bulletin re having tbe district undertake the responsibility
of supplying the members with th<,
bulletin irrespective of headquarters cancellation of same, was read
and discussed.
Moved, that It be left to individual members to secure the bulletin
for themselves,    Carried.
A communication from the editor of the Searchlight, soliciting
the support of the L. C. and A. W.
department, was read, and after
considerable discussion pro and
con, which brought out the fact
that owing to the present conditions
ol the miners in former district
18, it was necessary to support the
Searchlight, lt being pointed out
out that this paper had done much
towards educating the workers to
Industrial unionism, and the class
Moved, that 200 copies per Issue
of the Searchlight be ordered for
the P. G. district, through headquarters.    Carried.
A communication from Fellow-
worker Mutch, delegate at Smith-
er, was read, ln which he stated
that he was unable to attend the
convention, but sent three resolutions which he wishod presented
to tbo convention.
Moved, that these resolutions be
left ln the hands of the resolution
committee to deal with.    Carried.
The next order of business being the presentation and discussion
of resolutions, the chairman stated
that Inasmuch as he bnd a number
of' resolutions to submit, he would
like to have the convention relieve
him from the chairmanship for
remainder of the session.
Moved, that Fellow-worker Hansen take the chair.   Carried.
The various resolutions ns originally drafted In the camps were
then read by the delegates, who
brought them fn, and after eome
discussion it was moved that the
resolution committor convene Immediately after recess for thc purpose of redrafting the resolutions,
as tt was found that many ot tbem
covered proposals of the same nature.    Carried.
An adjournment was then
moved, to reconvene when resolutions committee were ready to report,    Carried.
Adjournment at 12:30 p. m.
Reconvened at 4 p ,m.
The following resolutions were
then presented to the convention:
1. Whereas, Wo believe the purchasing power of money is greater
in Vancouver than ln tho districts,
be It
Resolved, That $40 per week be
maximum salary of all executives.
2. Whereas, We believe that
members holding office for a longer period tban one year, become
out of touch with conditions of the
rank and file, be It
Resolved, That no executive
hold office for more than a period
of one year.
3. Resolved, That the general
convention work for the supply of
blankets by the employing companies and th'at top bunks be abolished throughout the induotry,
4. Resolved, That members shall
have the initiative ln referendum.
If a change ln constitution, amendment to same, recall of member
or mombers of the executive board
be desired, that 5 per cent, of the
district membership be sufficient
to demand a referendum, to be
voted upon by all members concerned.
5. Resolved, That periodical
wage-workers (homesteaders, etc.),
should be given a withdrawal
card for a period of not less than
six months, dues to be 60 cents
per month during period of withdrawal, payable ln advance.
6. Resolved, That all communications that are sent to the lumber
workers go ln   the   Federationist
apan Log Co.  Jackson Bay
fetalliferous Mines   Silverton and Sandon
-     (Slocai
and are signed by a delegate or
camp committee, be printed in rotation, providing space permits.
Resolved, That a business meeting be held once a month at the
district office, consisting of not
less than seven members, and from
them, an auditing committee of
three shall be appointed to go over
the books.
ft. Resolved, That all members
clotted for office Bhall be elected
from thc rank and file direct from
the camps.
9. Resolved, That the last stanza
in clause 36 of the lumber workers
constitution be amended to read:
Each district shall be assessed 25
cents.per capita, monthly, to defray the expenses, etc.
The foregoing resolutions were
concurred in by the resolutions
committee, and canted by the convention and the committee discharged.
Nominations for delegates to the
general convention being asked
for, the name of Fellow-worker
Stenberg was submitted by proxy.
Upon >the mover of the nomination being asked if he could vouch
for the acceptance of the nomination by the nominee, he replied
that he could not, as the fellow
worker was ln Edmonton, which
elicited the information that the
fellow worker was not a member of
this district. The nomination was
protested on these grounds. The
following nominations were then
placed: Fellow workers Llss, Hansen and Morrison. , Moved that
nominations cease.   Carried.
Nomination for a member to represent this and the Edmonton district combined, on the G. E. B.
was then called for, and Fellow
Worker Stenberg being the only
nominee, was elected by acclamation, subject to his acceptance of
office, with the district secretary
standing instructed to communicate
With him directly.
Nomination for district secretary being called for, the present
(iecretary declined the nomination,
whereupon Fellow Worker Fin-
berg was nominated by proxy, the
mover of the nomination being Instructed to ascertain whether the
nominee would accept ofllce. No
o'her nominations eliminated the
neeeFSlly of a.ballot,
Tbr?e nominations were placed
for members to the district executive board: Fellow Workers Mc-
Cfibe, Aim and Jensen, who were
alao nominated by proxy, 'and subject to thetr acceptance of ofllce,
Disuosion of the payment of delegates brought forth the Information that three of the delegates had
their expenses paid by *he camps
which they represented. One delegate had not his expenses paid; lt
vat> therefore moved, that the expenses ol this delegate bc paid out
of the district funds, subject to reimbursement by the camp, the delegates represented.
Under the heading of good and
welfare, a lively discussion ensued
relative to the pernicious piecework (system, which was participated in by almost all present.
Several remedies were recommended. Several delegates held the
view that the. only successful method of coping with tkis svstem,
was to solidify the workers by a
consistent enmpaign ot ccveatlon
and organization, while ■Jthers held
that organization nnd education
were impossible while so many
card packers camouflaged as class-
conscious, industrial unionists, and
still continued to engage in this,
the most vicious system of exploitation ever devised'by the capitalistic class, for their benefit. Along
these lines it wns suggested that
the structure of the organization
at present did not permit of militant enough action to cope with the
situation, and'the view was advanced thnt it must be attacked from
a different angle. The .convention
went on record that tbe matter be
immediately taken up, and discussed in the camps, for the purpose
of extracting a solution, nnd further that the camps communicate
with each other, on their progress
along these lines.
The action of certain officials of
the Lumber Workers Industrial
Union, In participating In the recent Provincial elections, came In
for severe criticism nnd denunciation by several of the members
present. This gave rise to a discussion as to how the delegates to
the general convention stood In
connection with the present structuro of tho organization. The concensus of opinion wns thet the original structure of the O. B. U.,
which wns strictly nn Industrial
one, should be maintained, nnd all
efforts from without or within, that
tended towards disruption, should
be fought with all possible power
at the forthcoming convention.
The necessity "f putting a camp
speaker in thc field in this district,
waa pointed out by some of the
delegates, and fhe conclusion arrived at, that this be done, as early
as the proper member can be found
for the purpose, and thc organization committed to a different system, whereby the districts would retain enough funds to make this
Convention adjourned sine die.
Angus McCormlck, previously
with Comox Log Co,, headquarters.
E. Hell, H1120; P. A. Vlgner,
V120; F. G. Powell, James McLaughlin, H. Challender, K. C. 130;
John Williams, Alf Malund, M211,
and E. Johnsson, Mike Harras, formerly of Cranbrook district; Oswald Hultman, H. W. Mansfield,
Pete Fedoryk.
Any one knowing the whereabouts of Alex. Weis, last heard of
at Klngsgate, B. C, January, 1910.
Please communicate with his
brother, Joe Weis, Box 82, Prince
George, B. C.
Will Robert McMillan and Owen
White communicate with Prince
Rupert offlce?
Edmonton District on Dec. 26.
Fort Frances District on Dec. 27.
Cranbrook District on Jan. 2.
Coast Dlhtrtct on Jan, 10.
General Convention at Vancouver, Jon. 17,
In future the Mil! Workers'
meetings will be held in conjunction with the regular meetings at
headquarters, on tlie 2nd aud 4th
Sundays of tho month, at 2 p.m.
Camp Reports
Fellow-workers, the recent strike
to try and hold the eight-hour day
In the Northern Construction Company's camps on the North Thompson River was a great success insofar as it was a splendid example,
of solidarity by the organized" Cut):
lumber workers while It lasted. '
That the strike was forced upon
the workers and anticipated by
the Northern Construction Company, thoie Is no roc ra to doubt.
They foresaw that there were
thounsands of unemployed, and
knew that they could depend on
getting enough unorganized, therefore reactionary workers, from the
prairie provinces to break the
strike. But the decision can not
be accepted as final by the workers
and the struggle for shorter workday must still continue. After
every battle with the employer, we
must look for the weak spots, in
our organization and take steps to
strengthen thom lf possible and In
this cose, as In the case of the
strike at Chase lost winter, tho
necessity of spreading our organization over the prairie provinces
to organize and educate the agricultural worker must be apparent
to all of us. If this is neglected
we must look for the same results
every winter. Now, fellow-workers, the time to begin this work Ib
now. With hundreds of men from
the prairie provinces amongst us
this winter, let every member do
his part to help In bringing them
into our organization. Reasoning
Is the most successful method.
Antagonizing a man who does not
see things as you do, seldom brings
him to your1 point of view. The
more O. B. U. men we send bback
to ihe pralrio every spring to sow
the seed of organization, the less
should be the crop of strike breakers every fall. As many as possible should be Induced to take out
credentials so that the secretary
could keep In touch with them,
and send them supplies of literature, and an organizer should be
sent among them. Organization
and intelligence are our only weapons. Let every member do his bit
to speed the day when the workers
will not have to starve in the
midst of the abundance they have
produced, the day when no capitalist has the power to force men
to work longer days, when millions
of workers are unemployed, and
the duy when the whistle will blow
for the boss'to go to work.
haven't! got °u n Pair of dashboard
ofer£tlij£ down the road you go.
''.'ifirhe^ Is also a little discrimination .on,' the construction work on
tigs ;<j£*N. R., Kelowna and Kam-
loibpsiilne. They tell the men they
bftve to let them go,, for they have
to employ all returned men because they went overseas and
jfought for the right of capital to
exploit them when they returned to
|ttda. Now, .when will the returned j men, who is in the labor
marked with only one commodity
for sale, that being his labbor power, get wise'to what the capitalist
Is trying to hand to him anti fall
in with the O. B. U. and try to better, your conditions and raise your
standard of living. The only way
that you can do that ls to organize
and stand shoulder to shoulder In
the fight for freedom. Now they
talk about the One Big Union of
workers being a menace to the
country. How about the One Big
Union of Organized Capital, whose
only aim Is the exploiting of your
lajior whereby he can line his
pockets with gold, for which he
gives you nothing in return but
misery, hot even an existing wage.
Connie on, fellow-workers, and join
tfio Oi ,B, U., and prepare yourselves for the day when we shall
produce tor use and not for profit.
The convention of the Kamloops
district will be held here on De-
comber 23, 1920, convention to be
called at 10 o'clock a. m.
There has been a lot of discrimination going on on the North
Thompson River since the strike.
The Northern Construction Company has changed Its tactics a, little from the usual way of the exploiter of labor. Parly Bolln, the
walking boss, hires the stave in
Kamloops and sends them up the
river and when his bull cook, Ed.
Gorman  comes along and  lf you
Just a few words ln regard to
the present system of dealing with
card that the O. B. U. Is using and
also being used by the L. W. I. U.
organization. First of nit, is the
the official receipt? Now,, I don't
that lt is a good system. For one
reason there are,a lot of enmfrs in
this district from which lt some
times takes three weeks for a
delegate to send In his duplicate
receipt to this offlc, and get the
official receipt back to camp, and
the new member may be 600 miles
from the said camp where he signed up, whereas if we had the
stamp system and a universal credential whereby any delegate can
sign up any man in his own Industry—and most of the mon who are
knocking around the country
would sign up a whole lot quicker
if. tbey could get their book when
the?pay the money and not have
to; wait.someimes for a month or
,$W0 for, $t Now, I have at least 200
ljnjcalled for cards lying In this
.pfflce, so let us all get together
and adopt the stamp system at the
January: general convention.
■'•■dFhfefe is mail here for the fol-
fowing-- members: Jim Kerns,
George* Smith, Helmer Edlhnd,
Torti Hennessey, Stanley Sinclair,
Wt Hayryluk, Malcolm McAllister; Kalle Pakka, Mike Billan.
And would these men please correspond with the DlBtrlct Secretary
before I leave this office: Oswald
Reaghf; Joe Laroy, H. P. Parldts,
O.1 Petterson. M, Dunn, John Mor-
rW. B.: C. Johnson, Thomas Cas-
bary, W.. G. Crawford,    H. Brett,
Auditor's Statement of Receipts and IHsbureciucntB for tltc Quarter
Ending September 80, 1020
Cash In bnnk and on hand June 30:
Districts—Dues per Capita:
Kamloops, B. C	
 ;      900.00
Prince Rupert, B. C ,.	
Merritt, B. C	
Victoria, B. C. 	
Donated liy Members:                       _
Winnipeg Defense Fund (Cranbrook) ...
On account Cranbrook trial (McKenzie)
On account J. Cann, Prince Rupert 	
Printing, constltut'n bylaws: French $378.75,
Ukranlan ,123.90
, 755.43
Less cash sales  „.,^..	
Less cash sales  i_.-.	
B. C. Federatlonist:                            m" .
Literature:                                          tu
Advances and Payments made on behalf of Districts:
Prince Albert  	
Dues per capita, One Big Union (balance May account)	
On account of J. Cann  (Prince Rupert)
Cash In bank and on hand Sept. SO, 1920:
Union Bank of Canada —..	
Less cash overdrawn  —	
Charles Larson, Adam Checknon,
Felix Grenler.
There Is little to report from this
district at present. Since the
camps at Buckley Bhut down there
has been very little doing. Other
camps on the Q. C. I, have shut
down. Camps 7 and 8 at Cum-
shewa and camp 5, Thurston Harbor are out of business tor the
present Sedgwick Bay, at the
time of writing (December 13),
has about a dozen men working on
a shoot, and they are expected
over by the next boat.      .        : I j
Along the G. T. P. conditions
arc similar. At. Usk, the Kitselas
Co., Kleanza Co., ond Royal Co.,
have shut down their mills, bin the
loggers are working for the Royal
Co. At Carnaby tbe pole camp of
Hanson's Is worked out to the
limits, and closed. By last, accounts the mills at Amesbury was
working, but the Reon outfit is
shut down, A new camp Is projected at New Hazelton, reports
stating that it will be a fairly
large one. They are at present
building the camp. Camp fi at
Buckley Bay Is understood. to be
working, but then we have never
received a dollar in dues from the
men there nor been able to get a
delegate elected, and no support or
recognition from the crowd for
delegates that have been sent in.
It ls run by McCulloch, late super,
for Buckley. Jamleson's camp at
Port Clements Is working with a
small crowd, all paid up. Wages
in some camps have been reduced,
and board has come down from
$1.50 to $1.20 per day. Wage
scales now being paid have not yet
been secured. Reports Indicate
that some companies appreciate
the condition of the labor market
and the opportunities it gives
them to ride the high horse. Difficulties are being experienced in
getting camp Improvements, etc.
Conditions are now atl in favor of
the boss, and caution Is necessary
In order to keep the organized
camps organized.
Nothing definite Is known yet
os to the prospects of opening up
again after the holidays but
probabilities are, considering the
demand for pulp, that the spruce
camps will soon be working again.
T. A. Kelly Is to take out 10,002,000
feet at Sktdgate, and a railroad Is
to be built Into the timber there,
where there Is reported to be 30
year's logging In' sight(?)
All the recommendations of the
district referendum have been
carried, and particulars appear in
another column. The proposition
for the abolition of piece, bonus
or contract work under penalty of
expulsion' from, the union, does
not come into effect until May 1.
A curious thing In connection with
the ballots is that most of the
members who voted against the
maintenance of the district office
and district executive board, also
voted for officials to fill those positions. An itemized and tabulated report of the vote Is being despatched to the camps, giving the
vote as received from each camp.
Camp 2, Cumshewa (Kelly's),
has been reported to have a spar
tree ln dangerous condition, with
another month's logging on that
setting, and has been referred to
the Compensation Board. Also a
small camp on the G. T. P., near
Ritchie, a 12x14 shack, dirt floor,
one window built In ,no toilet,
wash house or dry room, double
bunks, und cooking carried on in
the same place. It is not hard to
understand the dlflculty In organizing the men along the G. T. P.
when they will put up with such
conditions without a murmur.
At Kelly's cnmp (Cumshewa)
some seven men were laid off by
the foreman because they would
not go to work after' being up all
night in order to cast their
votes at Lockport. They arrived
bnck at 5 a. m.   .
At the above camp they wanted
to get some logging done by contract. The crowd considered thc
matter and put It to the vote, all
except two or three voting ngainst
It. Some of those who did vote
for It wore foreign speakers and
probably did not understand the
proposition. One of those who
voted against It came to Rupert,
blew In his cheque, went back on
the next boat and accepted the
contract work he had voted against
Some O. B. U. man, that!
In view of the fact that the
camps will proliabbly open up
again, members who ship to the
islands arc requested to lose no
time in getting down to business
and electing their delegates and
notifying this office. If delegates
from other districts come up, tbey
will be supplied with credentials
from this office, If the crowd dues
not object. Note that the following whs adoptod hy District Referendum;
"All camp delegates operating
In the Prince Rupert district shall
carry credentials from, and make
all reports to the secretary of thc
Prince  Rupert  district."
District Secretary.
An enthusiastic meeting wns held
at Bawlfs camp, Dryden, November 23. Tho workers of thc two
bunk houses congregated In onc,
and Organizer Currrle delivered an
address on the "Lumber Jack."
The audience was composed of
earnest listeners, who asked many
questions after the speaker was
through. Ail of these who had thc
money lined up. Two delegates
were elected and a strong camp
committee formed,  .
The camp conditions there are
a little better tban the average.
Iron bods with springs and mat-
tfesses have been wrested from the
company already by reason of the
activities of our organization last
The bunk house87Wcre awfully
crowded, but the superintendent
of tho company explained that this
will be righted just ns soon as the
other camp Is complete, a great
number of the crew will be transferred there, and lhat he does not
object to hts men being organized,
but that be Is quite willing to cooperate with them and to do everything that Is "fnir" to them.
Is it not peculiar' how the bons
is willing to co-operate with you
just as Boon as you get organized
and strong enough to protect your
Interests ?
In the above case a lot of cooperation will have to be done as
the men are cutting pulp wood, for
a monthly wage of from $50 to
$60 per month.
Great progress is being made
whereve** the men are organized
In Winnipeg district. Life commences to show up, the workers
demanding their rights and the enforcement of the laws of the country.
In one camp on the Grand Trunk
line, the company told the men
that piece-workers do not come
under the Ontario* Compensation
Law, with the result that dozens
of mtn are at present laying crippled In the bunk houses and some
of them with several wounds were
driven out of camp to go wherever
they chose. Since that camp has
been organized, our lawyers (E. J.
Murray) In Winnipeg, has taken a
hand In the matter, and in one
case where a young, worker had
received an Injury while doing
piece-work, and then fired by the
boss, McMurray Is suing the boss
for $5000.
The action of the organized men
In the cnmp has caused, such a
commotion, that the owner of that
outfit was compelled to leave his
Lordly Palace In Winnipeg and go
out to the camps to settle with the
Fellow Worker Currie has
done good work lor" the organization. Ho is a good speaker, able
to explain the working class position ln a plain and convincing manner. Every effort should be made
to keep him on the Job.
The coast district convention of
the iTc. and A. W. Dept. of the
O. B. U., will be held In Vancouver
on the week commencing January
10, 1921. The convention will be
called to order at 61 Cordova street
west, at 10 a.m.
The basis of representation will
be one delegate for the flrst fifty
(50) mombers or less, and one (1)
additional delegate for each additional 60 members or major fraction thereof.     '
The Coast executive has decided
thut those delegates who came
from a camp that Is still operating,
and who are going to return to
that camp will be paid their transportation and $3 per day for expenses while attending the convention, providing they represent
twenty-six (26) members or more.
AU delegates who are In town, and
represent camps that have closed
d. wn, will not receive any remuneration  whatsoever.
At the regular meeting on December 26, delegates will be nominated to represent those members
ln town who are not represented by
a delegate. Credentials bearing the
nominees' name will be hung in the
ofllce, and any member in good
standing who has not already voted for a delegate In camp can write
his name and card number on the
credential .of any nominee he
chooses, but can only vote for one
nominee. Any nominee receiving
twenty-six (26) signatures or more
shall be recommended to the convention to be seated as a delegate.
Signed on behalf or the Const
Coast  District Secretary.
After a throe months' trip
through Sudbury and Fort Frances
districts, I find the enmps In that
country In a deplorable condition.
The camp buildings are built of
logs and consist for the most part
of a cook house and two bunic
bouses with stables and. other outbuildings. In the cook houso they
cook, serve meals and sleep in the
one buildings with no partition
between sleeping quartern ond dining room. There are fourteen
bunks in the dining room at one
of Shevlln Clarke's camps ut
Flanders. In the bunk bouses we
find bunks for between 50 and 60
men. Several camps have got
steel bunks, but others have still
got tbe lumber and hay mattress,
the same as they have had for the
last twenty years. In many cases
two men occupy the same bunk,
but this is being done away with
as the company's that are putting
in steel bunks usually get single
double-deckers. Ventilation and
lighting nre Ignored. The win*
dows arc usually high in the gable
ends and In some cases a skylight
in the roof. The government regulations regarding ventilation,
lighting, bathing facilities, etc.,
are not lived up to In any camp
In tbe province without the workers being organized, they are helpless in having the health regulations enforced, At those camps
the men bave to go out nlong the
lake shore and build a flic to heat
water and wash their clothes outside. Tbis Is a very nice occupation wben It Is down below zero.
When these conditions ure called
to the attention of the health Inspector, a visit is sometimes made
to thc camps and a written report
will be forwarded, which merely
tries to camouflage the real conditions. Uusually the crimps are
situated on the shore of some lake
with the result that all waste water
around camp drains Into the lake
from which tbe drinking water Is
taken. There are no bath house
or dry room In thoso camps and
will not be until the men get together and organizo Industrially,
and then then tbey can demnnd
that all health laws be lived up
to. The workers are interested in
organization, but the most of them
seem lo think that the secretary
or organizers are able to get improved conditions and that all the
members have to do is take out a
card and wait for some unseen
power to do something for them.
At present, on account of a falling labor market, organization
work ls difficult, as tho workers
tire afraid of losing their jobs,
which they are very likoly to do if
tbo boss finds out that they belong
to tbe O. B. U. This also appeals
to job dcJegotes. As the camps
aro usually shut down all summer,
lt will probably be necessary to
send organizers into tbo eastern
country in tbe fall for tho purpose
of getting Job delegates appointed,
as tho men there do not seem to
understand the necessity of carrying on the organization work them
selves. Of course It is hard for
orgnnlzcrs  to  get around  a* the
At the regular, meeting,
whieh will be held on Snnday,
December 20, at 2 p.m.f delegates to represent the memberi
in town at the Coast conven-
tion will be nominated.
All members who are not
represented by a delegato
should attend.
Owing to the insistent demand
for organizers by various-nembers
tn the eaet, the coaat and other
delegates while In Port Arthur decided It would be good policy ta
send some of their number to make
the rounds of the different campa
ln that section and see what could .
be done towdards lining up the
The workers ln the east, aa a
whole, are favorable to the organization. Many would have Joined,
but were not ln a financial position to do so, and tn most cases,
the timekeeper would not give
them time checks so that they
could become membera
The camp conditions are much
the same as they were a quarter
of «'i century ago. The literature
of the organisation was grabbed up"
"Uke hot cakes." The workers In
the east, however, with but few exceptions wtll not "step out," when
they cie lined up. Th.it a to siy,
they wiU not take out delegate's
credentials and when they do, they
are not as active as they should be.
Much better results woulti have
been obtained were it n.t for the
fact that a few membors were
more Interested tn separating Sudbury district from the lumber
workera' executive than they were
in organization matters.
On looking through the minutes
of the Sudbury convention, tt will
he found that a very large part of
the time was taken up In this way,
and very little was said about organization. However, these matters cnn be corrected and workers
will get down to business once
Two organizers In a largo dls-
trie such us Sudbury, can accomplish but nttle in the way of distributing literature and signing up
members. What Is needed In tha'.
and otier districts in thc east 1*
to havt. a string of organizers, one
following up the other until snch
time as the slaves wake up tn th?
fact that each camp must have a
This was the method adopted by
the two organizers when they left
Sudbury, but the closing down of
ityge industrial plants ln the east
this fall and un expose by the Ontario government of timber stealing on the part of the lumber barons, resulted In the latter being
fined and uot allowed to opeiate
their camps until such fines were
paid; this had a combined effect ot
making "bush" jobs scarcer than
This triple alliance of the masters, winter unemployment, and
business depression, made the
work of organizing in the east
very difficult and after struggling .
along for about three months, the
organizers were compelled to re»
turn to the coast.
The following members are required to communicate at once
with the union lawyers In connection with their liens against Daney
& Brandon, for unpaid wages, Ben
Solomon, Joe Hngberg, Charles
Lundberg, Arthur Blandell and
William Jacobs,
Hand the Fed. to your shopmnto
when you are through with It
It Is more than passingly amusing to note the lafge number of
human animals who revert back to
the primitive instincts and superstitions of their forefathers. In
this age we constantly see some
ono throw overboard tho Christian
leh.'.ion of their ancestors; but in
u few months, feeling the want of
me supernatural force to rely on,
they crcite for themselves something that they can worship; something new that they can rely on;
something tbat they imagine will
bring them "salvation" while on
earth. it >■•-> ins that mankind
never will ihvc-l .p enough grit to
rely on themselves, that they wl.l
always I . >k to some outside force
to bring them something.
Last week's Issuo of the Federationist contained a demonstration
Of this psychology In the shape of
minutes of a meeting held at
Campbell's Camp, Oreen Point
Rapids. We note in these minutes
that a motion was pnssed recommending thnt tho Federatlonist bo
discarded; and another motion
states they concur with the Thunder Bay district in having the "In-
dustrial 1ste" ns "ofliciul organ."
For pure jinadulteraled religion
and Ignorance the mingles of this
meeting "takes the cake." It is
enough to make nny thinking person quit in disgust when they see
such a dlttplo) of ignorance, coupled with blind enthusiastic religious fervor.
I'or iht informntion of the members ui) at Green Point Rapids, I
would Hkc to inform them that
although the subject matter contained In the "IndustritUiste" may
be of thc best; although its writers may bc of thc best, and handle
their subjects in a capable manner, yet this paper would be absolutely useless to the vast majority of the members on the coast,
because It happens to be printed
in thc Finnish language, which the
vast majority of the members on
the coast do not understand. It
Is to be hoped that the membera
up at this cnmp will try and flnd
out n little more Information about
tho various newspapers am* organizations beforc they rush into print
and advise the members on this
oast to read something that they
do not understand.
Yours for more brains and less
boss Is looking for them and tries
to keep them out ot the camp lf
possible, but still they get through
once In a while.
:--' - -'L'- ■■' ■
7..a-ll..._:i ..-.-i. ..-.-■^.■•..\;t\m..m-**m__mmWm VAGS'FOUR
twelfth year. No. n THTNBRITISH COBUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAT .....December li, 1)11
Published every Friday morning by the B, 0.
Fedorationist, Limited
>. a wajxa.
, Offlce;    Room  1, Victoria Block,  342  Pender
•      . Street West
Telephono Seymour 5871
8u6scribtion Kates: United States and Foroign,
»3.00 per year; Canada, .2.60 Der year, »1.50
for six months; to Unions subscribing ln a
body, 16c per member per month.
Unity of Labor:  The Hope of tte World
..December  24,   1920
FROM every part of thc American
continent comes news of the'distrcss
of the unemployed. More and more
workiim people ave daily reported as be-
• iiy>_ without work. From the old land
r there is the same cry of
.THE unemployment, and thc
PRESENT demand of thc workers
DEPRESSION    for work in order that
they may live.   It has
■ been reported that there are at least one
million male workers without jobs in thc
old land, and it can safely be said that
millions in the British Isles are on the
verge of starvation. While things ave not
as acute on this continent, yet they are
had enough. Manyare without the barest
necessities of life, and thc situation becomes wovsc daily. A peculiar featuve of
the local situation, and in faet the wovld
situation, is that the authorities ave alarmed and have taken steps such as never beforc were taken to relieve an unemployed
situation, which demonstrates that there
is a great fear of the results of the distress which is only too apparent on every
hand. That this fear has been engendered
by the happ>nings in Russia and Italy,
and other countries, there can be no
doubt. The aggressiveness of the workers
has struck terror into the minds of the
ruling class. But, with it all, the press
comments on thc cause of the present situation are woefully lacking in an understanding of present conditions. This also
applies to publications which are presumably circulated in the interests of the
working class. Judging from comments
in the various labor papers published on
this continent, from the official organ of
the Ameriean Federation of Labor to the
various weekly and monthly publications,
we gather that there is one predominating
idea prevalent, and .that is tnat the employing class is closing down industry in
order that thc power of the, lahor organizations may be broken. If this were true,
and it. were possible, then the position of
the Marxian Socialists is untenable, and
instead of all sections of society being
controlled in their aetivities by the economic laws inherent in capitalism, the ruling class is immune from these laws and
consequently more powerful than society
itself, controlling it both from a political
.and. an economic strategic position that is
• unassailable. -
• ♦ *
A little investigation into the situation
will, however, disprove that the employing class is curtailing production because
of thc malignant attitude towards organized lahor, and that the employing class
is subject to the economic laws that operate in capitalistic society, just as are
thc workers. During the period of the
war, credits were increased to an extent
heretofore unknown. This was essential
in order that the great mass of commodities needed in the destructive period could
bc moved. The currency was inflated to a
point that had never before bcen dreamed
of. Thc banks were compelled to issue
lavgev and lavgev credits, and consequently move and more paper securities. The
wealth in books grew at an alarming rate,
and all this while veal wealth was being
destvoyed. Consequently the veal wealth
.in existence in comparison with thc credits, was reduced to a lower level than ever
before in the history of capitalism. Thc
result was thc break down of thc financial
system and thc chaos that was inevitable,
along with the disruption in the exchange
« * *    -
Judging from available souvces of in-
fovmation, it can bc assumed that the
amount of commodities in the mavkets of
the world is not cxtvaovdinary. A local
illustration will bc fairly demonstrative
of this fact. The lumber industry is one
of the most extensive and important on
th(S coast. Like all other industries this
is affected by the present depression.
Thousands of men are being thrown out
of work, but we gather from reliable
sources that at the present time in the
States of Oregon and Washington, aud the
province of ,B. C, the amount of sawn
lumber on hand is not abnormal, the estimated quantity being six billion fec{,
while the logs still unsawn amount to
about five hundred million feet, which
again is not excessive. The transaction of
business is, however, a credit proposition.
Tho production of commodities is always
earried on in anticipation of a market,
and not until the market has fu)ly demonstrated that no further commodities
can be assimilated has production ceased.-
Conditions are now changed, however,
and a new aspect is disclosed. Half of
the world's market has been destroyed
by tlie war. Central Europe and thc adverse exchange rate has become a factor
in the situation, and thc financiers realize
that the mnrkct has been restricted, and
with the already large credits advanced,
fear has been engendered as to the future,
with a consequent result of the curtailment of any further credits which must
of necessity cause a shutdown in thc pvo-
\ duetion in indnstvy, and unemployment
for fhe workers; Thc various nations'
have met one loan by another, Canada being no exception to this method of redeeming a debt, consequently the credit
pyramid has bcen reversed and the
nmount of credit is now depicted by the
base, aud the veal wealth, by tho apex,
and this is the cause of the present, situation. The ruling class is as helpless as
the working class to remedy things under
the present system, and it is for that reason that thc workers must get down and
study thcir position in society. Opening
trade relations with Soviet Russia, or another war more bloody than thc last, may
for a brief period relieve the situation, but
it will only bc a matter of time, until the
situation is at least as bad as it is now,
if not worse. No permanent improvement
can be made as long as the pvesent system exists, and only the overthrow of thc
capitalist system will bring life, hope and
happiness to thc workers of thc world.
No government on earth can control thc
economic laws of the system under which
they operate, neither can labor. It is thc
system that is wrong, aud.out of that
"Hows all the ills of humankind. The tendencies to reduce wages are as much a
result of the situation that now prevails
,as were thc tendencies tojinerease wages
"during the period of the *ar, when labor
was in big demand, due to the economic
situation at that time. The law of supply
and demand is now working overtime and
against thc workers, but it is a law .that
is part of thc present system and those
who are being ground by it should realize
this nnd their troubles will only end with
the system that causes them. Economic
laws are like the supposed mills of the
gods, they operate at all times, and in
this ease they are grinding the workers
exceedingly small.
IN thc Wednesday edition of the Vancouver daily Province it was stated that
Premier Lloyd George had announced
that it might be necessary to face the
problem of emigration within the Em.
pirc to solve the unem-
LLOYD ploymcnt question, which
GEORGE'S is becoming more and
SOLUTION more acute in the old land.
The late editions did not,
however, contain the same "news," no
doubt the local situation had an influence
on the way the matter was dealt with
in the later editions, for it cannot bc conceived that the proposals of thc wily
Welsh wizard would be very favorably
looked upon by thcuncmploycd of this
country. Onc particular utterance of Mr.
George's which appeared in a lato edition,
however, is worthy of comment, it is as
Wc shall have to face the problem
of emigration within thc Empire. During' thc war wc found that the men
who left us for Canada and other
parts of the ]3ftipire were not lost to
. us.
They were there when wc wanted
them, and they were the flrst to come
Yes, they were there when they wanted them for destructive purposes. But
they arc not wanted for productive effort, and they are still here. Possibly no
more insane statement was ever made by
a so-called statesman than the onc made
by the premier of Great Britain as a solution of the unemployed problem. Having fought for democracy the returned
soldiers arc now faced with the particular
brand of democracy that their masters
hsve in store for them. It is thc right to
be out of were. The right to seek a job
when there are none. The right To sec
thcir children and wives want for the ne
ccssities of life. It is true that they ave
free Jo starve to death if the police do
not catch them at it, but they aro also
free from the necessities of life. Their
masters own all of the wealth that tile
workers produce. Tbey also own tno
slaves who fight thc ruling elass battles.
It may bc that the slaves will bc there
again when their masters wish to dispute
thc commorcial supremacy of their rivals,
and if they do not starve to death in the
meantime, they may be thore to produce
more wealth for thc ruling class when
they are wanted. But if the workers jjf
the old land and this country wish any
further demonstration of the inability of
the present ruling class to solve the unemployed problem, after having read
Lloyd George's statement, which he considers a solution, they arc hopeless, but
if they realize just what his words imply
they will not be there when next wanted
to uphold the system that is the cause of
their prcscntMiiiscry.
may, however, be infected by it..as ai result of coming in contact with those
people that were afflicted with the white
plague, but poverty is the prime "cause of
it. Venereal diseases arc a direct.putcpme
of thc commercialization of the fegnale' of
the species, due to economic causes ihat
make it impossible for men to assiime the
responsibilities of a wife, and on £jie cither
hand, the female is compelled to. Bel il'her
sex favors because of her inability to secure a living in any other manner. | Industrial accidents which cause the death
of millions, could be largely eliminated
under any other system but. the present
mad chase after profits, and all down tRS
line we find nothing but misery, privation, disease and death, and stultifying qf
the humnn activities, because, of the miserable struggle for existence. It may bc
looked upon as a long step from the destruction of human life by the forces of
nature, to the capitalistic system, but as
long as the system lasts the efforts of
humanity to gain in knowledge and efficiency will be retarded. The forces of
nature will not be understood, and not
boing known will work their destruction.
With thc abolition of the present system
humanity will gain in knowledge and understanding, and consequently have thc
time and thc power to investigate even
the disintegrating forces that cause
mountain tops to crumble, and wipe large
numbers of the human race out of existence, and by so doing be able-to know
that danger exists and avoid it. In fact,
the only reason for people being, compelled to live in dangerous places, can; most
often be traced to the struggle for an existence under capitalism.
WITHIN thc past few weeks many
people have (jeeu killed by slides
from mountain tops. This phenomena
may not appear to have anything to do
with the present system of society, but
it is a fact that the
CAPITALISM people arc so busy
AND struggling to live under
SAFETY the present competitive
system, that scientific
research is practically nil, unless it has a
commercial outlook. Humanity today
suffers from many epidemics, many
diseases that can bc traced to thc poverty
conditions that surround thc people. Thc
elementary forces of naturo arc nlso
largely responsible for the death of
thousands every year, while industry
takes its toll of human life by the million each succeeding year. Due to the
stress of securing a livelihood under the
present system of cat or be eaten, the
sciences aro neglected. The search for
knowledge is curtailed by the immediate
necessity of securing the means of life,
and as a result thc safety of thc people
has become a secondary consideration.
* ♦ »       ,
Under a sane order of society, pfeople
living at thc foot of a mountain would
have time to realize that mountain tops
are exposed to the elements—heat and
cold, rain and wind, with thoir disintegrating effects, and, knowing these
things, would realize that it is necessary
to investigate any source of danger that
might exist. It is true that all accidents
caused by the forces of nature could not
be avoided, bnt many could, by scientific
research nnd investigation. Tuberculosis
is a poverty diseaso.   Tho  ruling  class
Some little time ago wc had occasion
to comment ,on an editorial in the Carpenter, the official organ of the United
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners.
The editorial in question pointed out that
some business agents were receiving more
than the general officers in salaries, and
as the general president of that organization receives $5,000 per year we stated
that neither the business agents or the
general officers were worth that much. It
might be well pointed out that the editor
of the journal is a general officer and the
editorial was a wail for an increase in
salary. This week we have recoived a
marked copy of the current issue of (the
journal and, under the caption, "A Voice
From the Tomb," the editor demonstrates
that our remarks got well under, ^s outi-
cle. Wc desire to point out that tine voice
from the tomb was a very appropriate
heading, but it does not apply to'ms, for
the men who hold the opinions that ave
enunciated in the editorial cohimn|,pf this
publication will see thcir dreams come
true, while thc editor of thc journal in
question will see his power slipping fropi
him before tho sweeping tide of jjrqgres-
sive opinion that is even now permeating
the organization that he now oantvols.
His, indeed, is a voice from the tomb of
ignorance and superstition. Journals
such as the Carpenter are permeated with
religious dogma and Gompcrian philosophy, and blatant misrepresentation of the
working class position by labor fakirs of
thc Duffy Gompers type. May we add
in conclusion that if thc thoughts, if they
can be so called, expressed in the Carpenters' journal, are any indication of the
material worth of the editor of that journal, to the working class, he should receive about fifty cents per month, and he
would bc deav at that.
The press has stated that John MeCor-
mack, the great singer, had refused to
sing in England owing to the treatment
that he received in Australia. This, on
the face of it, is absurd. The real truth
of the matter is McG'ormack is an Irish
man, and a member of the Self Determin
ation of Ireland League, aud he refuses
to sing in a country that he considers
is persecuting his countrymen. From re
liable sources we loarn that McCovmaek
received the best of treatment in Aus
tralia. *
At an unemployed meeting held in
England reeently, a resolution was passed
calling on the British Government, to
supply a ship so that thc unemployed
eould go to Soviet Russia. Possibly this
resolution was the cause of Lloyd George
suggesting emigration us n remedy for
the unemployed situation. He evidently
thinks thnt if the unemployed ever got
to Russin that they would not bc available
for thc ncut war.
Hearst and Mexico
(By  Arthur Thomson)
THE CHIEF editorial writer of
the Hearst prpess, Arthur Brisbane, recently unburdened his
system of the following sublime
utterance: "Will Mi*. Harding extend the territory of'the United
States south as far as tlie other
side of the Panama Canal, thus
conferring a great blessing on
every foot of Mexico?"
Conquest of Mexico is Hearst's
pet hobby, and one: on which he
has for years kept his contemptible yellow journals worldil|r overtime. The Hearst press ruiVwith
the popular sentiment of the particular locality In which it may be.
Thus In California, the Los Angeles
and San Francisco organs of
Hearst whoop it up In the antU
Japanese sentiment, but in New
York and Chicago, not much space
is devoted to this by these Journals.
But on- the subject of Mexico,
the Hearst press from the Atlantic to tho Pacific is for one thing—
intervention and conquest. They
never miss a chance to get in the
flirty work, whether it be playing
up some insignificant bandit holdup, or aome tie uttered by some
tool of the^lVerventionists. All
through tho Constitutionalist revolution, tho Hearst press worked
night and day misrepresenting it
and shrieking Us poisonous head
ott lot United States intervention.
And today it plays its hypocritical
game with its insidious propaganda.
I caist, through his mouthpiece,
Arthur Brisbane, wants the United
States to confer a blessing on Mexico, "every foot" by annexing it.
That surely would be a flne blessing! Let us take a look and sec
what would probably happen.
First, Hearst's million acres of
Mexican land would be enhanced
in value many times what they are
^.t" present worth. That Is 99 per
cent, of the reason why Hearst
wants tho conquest of Mexico.
Think of the chance for the land-
sharks if annexation came ubout!
Then if annexation took place,
another one of the "blessings" conferred on Mexico would be American democracy in the form of the
iron heel, which is with us today
In a very advanced stage. Instead
of freedom of speech and press, as
Mexico at present has, it would get
the "blessing" of United States prohibition of such mattors. Patriotic
peacocks would parade and overrun the country ready, at a moment's call to put down radicalism
in any form so as to keep things
safe for profits. You could depend
upon U thnt "Our National Klu
Klux Klan" would be right on the
job! This would be a magnificent
"bicssing" for Mexico.
One of the good things Mr,
Washington Vanderlip has done
has been to tell the American peo^
pie a few days ago that there is
not much democracy ln America
today. He said on arrival at New
York from Russia afte* talking
about his concessions from the Soviets that there is far' more freedom In Russia today than there Is
in the United States. Coming from
a capitalist, this is worth somothing, in fact,, far more than from
those conscious or unconscious
tools of capitalism In the person of
John Spargo, Russell, Walling nnd
other extremely "intellectual Socialists," who are making a living
by "exposing" the Soviot regime to
tho Immense delight of Wall Street.
Where would' the self-determination of small peoples' doctrine
come In If Mexico were annexed?
Hearst has made considerable capital' out of this one thing. But
self-determination for countries nf
the old world and conquest for
countries of the New World la a
little inconsistent, to say the least.
It is quite all right to want self-
termination for Irelnnd—and Ireland certainly should be 'free to
self-determine—but Mexico is another matter! Some queer twist of
reasoning that is! You would probably find that Hearst's Interest In
Ireland "stops with the counting
room of his office. Whoop it up
against the Japs nese and swat John
Bull on the nose and give some
space to Ireland's side—and presto,
tv.1t  n^eins rMi"S fnr H»P--t!
There is much outcry boeaUsti of fnc
fnet that some mombers of society are
taking valuables from other people by
force aud strategy. This is called .. cripw
wave. We wonder how the robbery of
thc working cluss is classified., $ohJb
people that we know call it business \Ve
are inclined to think that it is the greatest crime tliQ( was ever committed
against humanity. It is the original
Butto Workers Gain All Demands
Alter a Ten-Month Battlo With
Employers of Lubor
Butte, Mont. — The building
trades lock-out which has been in
progress here for 10 months has
ended with a complete victory for
the unions Involved. The Associated Industries were Ignored in the
negotiations, settlements being
made with individual employer-
members. The recognition of the
union shop, the dollar a day increase in wages which was asked
last March, and the discharge of
all scab workmen, .which constitute
all the demands made by the workmen were granted. T^his settlement
brings to an end one* of tho most
bitterly-contested industrial disputes  which Butte lias know; -for
We patronize those who patron
ize UB.
Phont Soymour 2493
The entire company ln
"Uncle Tom's
Neit Week
Special   Christmas   Programme
HlKli-Ctasg Vaudeville
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Modern Houses
X Four and Five Booms
South Vancouver
Immediate possession. Address Box XYZ, Federationist Office.
ONLY    t,*.iON    MADI
Best Quality—Right Prices
223  Carrall   Street.
Sey. 1250	
Labor and Socialist
can be obtained at
Comer Hastings and Columbia
Mall Orders   Promptly
Attended to
S. P. OF Oi, 401 FENDER ST. E.
Economic class every Sunday afternoon, commencing at
/ 3 o'clock.
History class every Thursday evening, commencing at
8 o'clock.
An Elementary Economic Class for beginners, will commence the first Sunday in Decembor (the 5th), at 3 p.m.
These classes are of paramount interest and necessity to
the working class, and are conducted and assisted by
thoroughly competent instructors.
As our readers are members of., the
working class, we cannot possibly/ join
in the bourgeoise custom of wishing them
a merry Christmas. All wc can do ijl hope
that they will commence to realize, theijr
position in society, and live long enough
to partake of the limits of the co-operative
commonwealth that cannot be very far
away. Our Christmas message is the one
uttered by Mijrx, "Workers of tlio world
unite, you lipve nothing to lose but your
The eulogy of Mayor Gale by Mr.
Miller of lho unemployed committee on
Tuesday would appear to support our
contentions of last week on the politi.
eians using the unemployed for their own
Thc Farmer and Lnbor members of the
Manitoba Legislature have got tho Liberals and Conservatives scared. It is reported thnt the old parties may fuse.
That ii where they belong, anyway.
Make Your Xmas Present
Something Useful
-Men'a Shirts, soft curt and separate collar, $1.25 and $1.75.
Men's Dress Shirts, sort cuffs,
.1.25 to $3.51).
Men's Dress Shirts, stiff cuffs,
*1.25, U.K.
Armbands and Garters 35c to
Men's Overcoats, $15.00, $20.00
and $25.00.
Raincoats, tweed effects,   $10,
$15, $25.
Men's Sweaters, $3.00 to $7.50.
Men's Sweater Coats, $5,110 to
Steamboat Caps.
Men's and Boys' Shoes at lower pricos.
Men's Underwear at, per suft,
Mackinaw Coat* In fancy patterns, $13.50.
Blankets, from, pnir, $1,50.
18 and 20 CORDOVA ST. WEST and 444 MAIN ST.
Excellent quality, perfect
fitting, correct articulation, pleasing appearance,
skilled attention, features
of dentistry at
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Dental Art Firlors
805 Granville Street
Open evenings between 8 and 0
Oor. Hobson,  Over Owl Drug Stor*
Plion* Seymour 5239
Stanley Steam
Taxi Co.
HKXltY DAllti, Prop.
(Old time Lumberjack)
Prompt Servico
Fine Cars
334 Abbott St.    Vancouver
Phone Sey. 8877-8878
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
Matinee 2:3
Ring up Phone Seymour 8334
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
.Suite  301 Dominion Bulldlnf
Get the
Love Habit!
BEDS, Etc., at cost. Our stock
Is Big ,and so ara our Bargains.    Watch  our Auction
Snaps. Furniture Bought and
Love & Co.
Phone Seymour 3745
In that dark hour when sympathy and beat service count so
muoh—call up
Phone Fairmont 58
Prompt Ambulance Service
Offlcn Houra:   10 to 12 B.m., a to S
P.m.   Evenings:  7 to 8 p.m. Monday, Wedneaday and Friday.
Pbont Sey. 0410.
Dr. Willard Coates
Chiropractor and Sruglui Pbjildaa
(Successor to Dr. John Oray)
30-31-32 P. Bums Bldf., IS HaiUafa
St., W., Vancouvtr, B. 0.
(Between Pantagei Theatr* and B. t.
E. R. Station |
Phone Sey. 221      Day or Night
531 If outer St. Vnncouver, B. C.
1110 oaoriu stml
Sunday aerrlees, 11 a.m. and 7.10 p.m
Bunday achool Immediately loltewiai
rooming aervloo. Wedneaday teatlnonia
meeting, 8 p.m. Fiea reading
«0I »08   Bir. i   Bldg.
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Funerals of Dignity at Fair
Fairvlew:  Office and Chapel,
2398 Oranvllle Street
Phono Bay 3200.
North Vancouver: Office and
Chapel, 123 Sixth St. W.
Phono N. V. 184.
Mount Pleasant:. Office and
Chapel, 2123 Main St.
Phone Fairmont 68.
16 Hastings St. E.
0. B. U. OAED
Patrontie Thea. Wbo Patronise Ton!
British  Columbia Telephono
M.F. EBY.B.A..M.E,
Swedlah Maseage, Radiant Beat sa
Electrical Treatmenta of sll kinds.
Fiona Bay 37701.   Hoart % to 0 .
099 BBOADWAY WEST (Ott. Oai)
Tak. BMt Una Ou
Don't Be a Drudge!
La Salle Extension Universltj
(Home Study) offers you
chnnce you need for coinplel
training lu Truffle Manngcmral
Higher Accountancy, Salesman
ship and other Special
that mean Hither Salaries.
Either sex. Any age. Convon I ■
eut terms. Write or call for lit
crnttirc. District.office:
Phone Sey. 1750
C^W*i'*-,'*»^-t-*fc*" MUDAY. .....Pewmber ti, nt*
The Wise Man
Is he who sticks to the store that
has made a reputation for square
' dealing and full values. Every hat
we are selling represents the last
word in quality and style &nd our
priees are lower than any appearing on good merchandise.
Opposite Woodwards
Island in Pacific Is Veritable Treasure Island
Spenking In the Austrnlian commonwealth parliament during the
last wcTSk og October, W .A. Watt,
who recently resigned his portfolio
as treasurer of the commonwealth
government, confessed that the
.Australian government laid covetous eyes on the Island of Nauru,
la the Pacific Ocean, not for the
honorable purpose of liberating the
natives from their German taskmasters, but because jSTauru wns "a
valuable asset' 'and its capture was
"a good business proposition." Ur.
Watt made public a "most secret"
cablegram that, pnssed between the
Australian government and the
gang of diplomats sitting at Versailles to draw up thc Peace Treaty
In May, 1919, setting out reasons
why a mandate for Nauru should
be granted to Australia. Part «of
. follows:
_^^^_^^^_^_^ Islnnd whose
.receipts exceed Its expenditures. Its
phosphate deposits mark It of considerable value, not only as a purely commercial proposition, but, because the future productivity of our
continent absolutely depends upon
such a fertilizer." J
In a later message to the Austrnlian representative at the Peace
Conference lt was' asked tbat the
best fight be put up to Get Nauru
this cablegram read as l
"Nauru is the one is
Veterans of the Great War
We will dye your grent coat bottle green, brown or blnck, take
off shouldor straps, put on new
buttons nnd make it look like a
clvy coat, ull for $5.50.
Mnil Orders I'roinpily Attended
7 Little Tailors
33(1 Carrall Street
for Australia, but not to make it
appear that Australia was "grabbing at a valuable asset!"
This statement more than bears
out an admission by the Australian
naval minister, made some time
ago as to why Nauru was captured
from the Germans. The naval mln
Ister said;
"When the war broke out, two
gentlemen came to see me. They
unuHrstoort the Pacific islands Well,
an.-* nofllted out the enormous pros.
pectivo Value of Nauru. As a result,
I made arrangements that the Australian flag should be hoisted at
once on Nauru Island, because tt
was essential that we should mako
our claim early. The Australian
government acted with promptitude, a ship wns Immediately dispatched, and the Australian flag
w;is hoisted on Nauru."
Thus it is clenr that Nauru was
not captured from the Germans in
order that thc natives there should
be freed from tbelr cruel slave-
masters and allowed to live ln peace
and contentment according to their
own desires. For then there never
was any such thing as "liberation"
and 'democracy," despite all the
flattering talk handed out to them
In pidgeon English whon the Island
was captured In September, 1914,
Today, they are being fleeced by
International spielers under the
Australian Hag just us effectively as
they were exploited by the commercial thieves under the German
There was no "making the world
safe for democracy" business about
the capture of Nauru island from
the Germans. It was seized, as
were other ex-German islands in
the Pacific, for the simple reason
that lt was a good business proposition, and likely to prove of great
commercial advantage to the capitalists of Australia.
Krupp Interests are erecting new
lion works In Germany adjoining
lignite deposits which will be used
for smelting instoad of coal. Canada, according to the Geological
Survey, has 111,246,000,000 tons of
lignite "undeveloped resources,
but no effort Is mude to use it.
A northern edition of London's
greater Labor dally, the Dally Herald, will be printed in Manchester.
A great and inspiring conference of
representatives of all sides of the
Trades Union and Labor movement
was held recently at Manchester to
make plans for a northern edition
of labor's mouthpiece.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
Slater's Christmas Specials
Clirinlituu Pot Roast*, from ib. ..15c
Christmas Oven KimM* from lb. ..16c
Christ mnn T-Bono Kuomb (rom, 111. SOc
CuriMmus Sirloin RuantK, from lb. 28c
Christmas Kollud Roaata from,
lb.    26 1-20
All cut from specialty selerted
ChrUlinns  bitf ,
Finest   Prunes,   lb ..25c
Finest Blnck Fins, Ib 26c
Here we aro nr;nhi with our famoua
Ct.rlat.na* Hums; apt'clnlly aelected
and cured fur the Christmas table.
Ther weigh from 7 to 11 lbs. Keg.
price 02c lb. Christmas price,
lb 46 1-2C
Fine   Alberta  Turkeys,   lb SSo
Finest Alberta Turkeys, lb 60e
Finest Local Turkeys, lb 80c
Fine Local Turkeya, lb 66c
Finest Ontario fleece, from, lb. ..48c
Finest Local Geese,  from,  lb SOc
We will aell our famous  Alberta
,   Batter on Friday morning from
8 a.m. to 11 a.m., regular price
8 lba. for 91.95; Christians speolal 3 lbs |1.73
Fine Local Chicken, per lb 46c
Hums' famous Shamrock Chickens,
per Ib a. » .....60c
Local Killed Fowl, from, lb 43c
Burns'   Famous   Shamrock   Fowl,
per   lb :. 48o
On Friday wt will sell our famoua
Compound Lard at 5 lba. for ....81
Alao our famoua Beef Dripping at 3
lba. for   „ fl
Slater'a famed Streaky Bacon, In half
or wholo slabs. Regular C6c Ib.
Christmas special, lb.  43 l-2c
Specially aelected   Christmas   Ducki;
■ flne plump birds, lb. only  66c
POBK      POBK      PORK
it yon can't buy turkey, geese,
duck or chicken, we would ad-
vino you to have a look at our
Pork Shoulders. They only
wtflgh from S to 8 lba. Regular
price, 8Gc lb.; Christmas speciul, lb. 29 1-2C
For economic cutting and satisfaction In eating try one of Slater's
famous Hams. Wo maintain
thero is more eating In a Ham
than a turkey.
Our famous No. 1 Walnuts, lb ISo
Filbert Nuts, lb  35c
Soft Shelled Almonds,  Hi 36c
Pens, Corn, Tomatoes, per tin ....18c
Quaker   Pears,   tin    36a
and   46c
Not-a-Soed Raisins, in bulk, 2 lbs.
for    66c
Not-a-Sood Rnlsliii, In packets,  _
for  .- -™....™.. 56c
You can't do better than get ono of
our famous cuts of Pork. Practically no bone and they weigh from 2
to 10 lbs. Regular price 40c Ib.
ChrUtmns price, ]b  33 l-2o
. Phone Sty. 3262
Phont Ssy. 860
Phone 6140
Phono Fair. 1083
THE following account of pogroms committed by the soldiers
of General Denikin was written by a professor In the Jewish
school of Fastov and sent by him
as a report to the Petrograd Museum of the Revolution. The trans,
lation printed below was made
from the original manuscript in the
files of the Museum,
Before beginning my recital of
the pogroms made by the Denikin-.
ists I believe it necessary to give
a short Introduction, Fastov was a
rich commercial Mestlchka with a
population of 16,000, besides sever-,
al thousand refugees from other
cities who had been driven to Fas- j
tov. by bandits. Banks, factories, 11-1
brai'ies, cb-operatives, apothecaries,
schools, physicians, theatres, and a
Jewish agricultural colony where
there still were ln existence several
leather factories, made of Fastov
one of the most highly civilized and
cultured centres In our country.)
And now behold this little corner
of Russia, like so many others,
transformed In a few days Into a
veritable cemetery. It is terrible to
walk down these empty streetl with
their ruined houses, windows broken, doors smashed, through which
you can see the broken furniture
inside, the whole interior wrecked.
ind this waB all the more terrible
because it all came so unexpectedly,
since most of the Jews awaited
Denikin with hope. Many Jews
thought they wafe going to have
again the right of private property
and opportunity to carry on commerce freely, in short all the advantages of a bourgeois republic.
Robbing and Plundering
From the first moment of sojourn
of the Denlklnists commenced
wholesale robbery, which continued
for almost two weeks uninterruptedly. And in every house, no matter who Inhabited it, every day
there came Cossacks, robbing and
plundering and murdering and raping. I am speaking of the second
time the Cossacks occupied the
town. The flrst time they contented
themselves with robbery without
massacre or rape. After two weeks
in the town they, had, however, to
cede the Mestlchka to the Bolsheviki for a day. The Denikihlsts entered the t.. i at-the end of August.) The Bolsheviki entered Sun.
day and left Monday afternoon.
And from this time on began the
massacres and terrible crimes of
the Denikinlsts. A story was invented that a young Jewish girl had
brought in the Bolsheviki and that
the population had received them
with flowers and songs. This was
an absolute lie.
After the departure of the Bolsheviki the Cossacks came back and
then began the torture of the Jews,
terrible attacks, robbery and massacres. In many houses they made
the children sing while they beat
the parents to death. During the
whole period of the massacre the
rattle of machine guns could be
heard from across the creek which
runs near the town,'for the fighting
between the two armies was not far
away. Even the Christian population cannot remember without
shuddering those long nights filled
with the crio3 of women and the
whimpering of children and tho
sound of gunfire.
In te streets there were many
corpses which nobody dared bury
or even take into' the houses away
from desecration by scavenging
pigs and dugs. The Cossacks shot
do.v*n everybody who tried to go
out and take up the bodies. People
hid themselves in cellars and stables, without food or water, for as
much as five days. Finally even the
Jews who had taken refuge'In the
cellars, garrets nnd stables of
Christians were chased out, because
the Cossacks threatened to shoot
anyone hiding a Jew.
Followed   Plan
Very soon it became plain lhat
the Cossacks, though going about
in small groups of three or four,
were really acting according to
a well-conceived plnn. A group of
Cossacks would break into a Jewish houso and cry; "Money." If
they had already been preceded by
some other Cossacks, who had taken all thc money In the house, then
this group of Cossacks would call
for the head of the family, put a
noose around his neck, and half
strangle him. If any of the family
now began to cry or ask that the
torture eease, the Cossacks beat
hini or her nearly to death. Naturally the family would give everything ft possessed, even to the Inst
kopek. If, however, thero was no
money, the Cossacks loosened the
noose and the unhappy wrptch fell
half-dead to the ground. They
brought him back to consciousness
with the butt ends of their rides
and a bucket of cold water. The
tortures then recommenced, aud if
thc poor man could not give nny
money aftor the process had been
ropeated five or six times in vain,
the Cossacks would take everything
in (ho house of use to them, smash
everything else, make the house
uninhabitable by smashing doors,
windows, stoves, and so forth, and
then leave the family to the tender
mercies of-the next lot of Cossacks,
who would come along, generally
very soon, and repeat the terrible
tortures. The men not too old were
killed, and even the old men sometimes tortured to death. The women were not usually killed directly, but died of hunger, fright, and
abuse. Of families of eleven there
remain only three. Sometimes the
Cossacks forced the parents to kill
their own children. This was the
case of Meyer Znbarock. If the parents 'refused, the Cossacks boat
them, struck them with bayonets,
dragged thom.about by the hair,
and otherwise tortured them. If
there were any young girls In the
family, the Cossacks shut up the
other members of the family fn one
room, which was then guarded by
a soldier, and then violated the women, one after the other. The least
protest brought down the most ter.
rlble consequences on the family.
In some cases the Cossackslwjt ^e
young girls out into the garOens or
woods and after the most bestial
humiliations finally murdered them.
Mnny of the girls who survived received venereal Infections caught
from the Cossacks,
Mad  With Grief
In the streets the Cossacks went
up and down robbing whomever
they met of shoes and clothes,■de
spite the rain and cold weather,1
and without sparing women, children, or old men. To the tears and
lamentations of people who had
gone out of their minds with hunger and grief, the Cossacks only)
answered with the butt ends of
their rifles and bayonets. I saw,
Cossacks throw typhus patients out
of their beds, and onto the cold
floor. The Cossacks meanwhile
looked between, the blankets and
feather-beds for hidden money.
They would then take everything
from the sick people. They took
the last piece of bread from even
the poorest.
I know a young woman who was
raped by a Cossack in the same
room where her murdered father
and husband were lying and while
her tittle baby was crying In its
crib. I have been told by people
worthy of belief that they saw people forced to set flre to their own
homes and then driven with rifle
butts In A the flames. The names
of some of these families were Vol.
kenstein, Volodursky, Zavlroucha,
Melsenberg, Bendarsky, I hava
seen people who dropped In tha
streets, dying of exhaustion brought
on by hunger and exposure. When
an attempt was made to move their
bodies It was found that they had
become frozen to the ground and
could not be taken away without
digging them out of the ice. Those
that were not removed, remained
as they were In the streets until
they were devoured by pigs and
dogs. I have seen children who
died of hunger sucking at their
dead mother's breasts, children
whose flesh was rotting in the sight
of all the world and whose bones
were sticking out through the decaying, stinking flesh, which spread
infection. I have seen a Uttle child
stretch out its hand for a bit of
bread and then, when it had the
bread In Its hand, not be able to
eat, but die of exhaustion. I have
seen the bodies of citizens, respected by all the world for the honorable part they played in the tqwn's
life, He unburied in the streets for
weeks bocause means were not at
hand to bury such a quantity of
corpses. I have seen the sick In
hospitals and homes deserted and
uncared for, cold and starving, because the doctors and nurses were
either dead or had fled from'frlght
and fear of epidemics. And among
these sick people the r'ottlng dea^
from which crawled white wonpfl
onto the limbs of the living. During thfe night through the window!*'
smashed by the Cossacks came do£»
and attacked the corpses. -,i.
Ritpo tlio Women -Ji)
I cannot repeat all the terrible
things I saw during this period.
For instance there Is the case of a
little baby that cries'to' be put on\
the toilet. Its mother has died the
same morning after being violated
and beaten by the Cossacks. lis
father was killed by the Cossacks'
because he protested. In the same'
room lies a young girl dazed an*}
Imliflerent, unwilling to help the
child or move, thinking only that
she wilt Infected with a lD'Uhsoriie
disease. The child finally hns to
He in its own filth, too weak to
get ;:p, and rotting alive, d'es
amidst the crawling worms.
I have seen the following in the
synagogue during Yom Klppur.
The congregation was praying God
for relief from the pogroniB. Just
at the momont when absoluto silence reigned and the rabbi alone
was audible, a crowd of Cossacks
broke Into the church crying:
"Money, money." Naturally, It being the day of rcpentencc, not a
single Jew had brought with him
any money, as this would have been
a deadly sin. Even to touch money
on a day like this would be a cardinal sin. This Is explained to the
Cossacks, and they are asked to
waft till evening. But they refuse
and then commences a terrible
beating of all the Jews in the synagogue. At the same time another
crowd of Cossacks breaks Into the
other entrance and Into the women's side of the synagogue, in the
balcony. The women, especially
the young women, paniv-titrlcken,
throw themselves out of the balcony onto the lower floor of the
auditorium and many break their
arms and logs and ribs. Amidst
cries of terror the Cossacks seize
several young women and rape
During the holidays the Cossacks
came frequently at evening Into
the synagogues and did the same
How many times I have seen
Cpssacks dragging young gfrls,
often almost children, through the
streets and Into the empty houses.
What wns the part played by the
ofllcers, the lower ollicers, and
those In higher command? fn the
first place mnny officers took part
ln all these excesses. Tho hlpher
officers did not* take part personally, but they demanded brlbey in
return for promises of protection.
But afterwards they did not keep
their promises to protect. Somftj
Jews invited officers to their homep
and gave them everything, their
whole fortunes, thinking thus t'61.
guard themselves and families
from outrage. This helped very
little, becnuse when the otttcer was
gone for a few days on service the
family which had bought protection
was treated very much the same
way as those who had not.
A woman teacher, well known In
the city, tells how she heard a
colonel telling his officers and soldier's that "this sort of thing fs not
right, not because It Is shameful in
Itself, but because our cause wilt
be hurt in the oyes of Europe whidh
It. watching us." One of the aidefe
answered: "But colonel, you say
that now, but don't you remember
what you told us at the front?"
The colonel blushed, mounted hla
horse, and rodo off without answering. I, myself, have talked
with a lecturer', a member of the
department for education of Denlkln's forces, who told me quite
frankly that continuously there had
been conducted in Denlkln's army
a propaganda of pogroms.
After tho second pogrom (the
first was that of Petlura) had commenced, and the Cossacks had pro-,
eeeded from simple robbery to rape
and physical, violence ending with
murder, I went to the battalion
commander, explained to him the
situation with all It3 terrible possibilities, and begged hm to make
nn ond of the fearful business. At
any rate, I said, the soldiers might
lake thc money but stop tbe ntro-
Balance on hand November 1, 1920  :..«..-„   J2.866.36
Donations of individuals and organizations  $1,224.18
Balance on tickets  „ 2T.0O
Literature :...„.«.      217.16
Contributions of Local Committees:
Ejsthonlan, New York  * $    46.55
- Newark    „...     600.00
5 Milladelphla     .*. ™ 4,000.00
New Haven      ■.      356.00
,   Baltimore     .-?......     900.00
Washington         500.00
Chicago     :  3,539.72
Montreal     „      350t00
Winnipeg    - :....    700.00
Expenditure* * ^1	
Medical supplier  $12,136.53
Printing   101.50
Slides and post cards         94.70
Typewriting .•        34.96'
Chicago and Detroit investigation      . 126.37
Delegates' expenses for Philadelphia conference ....    ,. 30.28
Postage, car fares, telegrams, etc .'. .'        44.03 ,
Clerical help     i       186.00'
Exchange loss on Canadian money         40.90
Total  $12,789.26
Balance on hand December 1, 1920    2,437.71
Total receipts to November 30, 1920 $42,270.75
Total expenditures: ""_■
Medical supplies    , $M,645.88
Other disbursements     3,287.16
rent certainly proves that the committee has given a goad accounting
for all receipts and expenses, and
that no money waa ipent on ahoa
shines, etc. /
Dr. Mendelson, the investigator,
time after time invited Grinevsky
and Sivko to go over the books
with him, and they have refused to
do bo. By means of all these reports and after judging the accusations, the Winnipeg committee
feels aot a particle iii doubt, but
that this Is a campaign of vilification by Individuals who are against
the medical relief cause. Therefore the committee, after judging
the evidence fairly, places most
placidly its full confidence In the
work and honesty of the Detroit
committee, and wishes to warn
any ono who receives one of these
72,000 circulars or reports, to Judge
the truth of these statements with
the same amount of credence us
one would give any malicious statements of the bourgeois press.
Any one wishing to have copies
of the official statements from Dr.
Mendelson, or the auditor's statement, may write to: Dr. John Gutt-
man, 60 St. Marks Place, New
York, N. Y., or Dr. A. M. Rovln,
80 Gratiot avenue, Detroit, Mich.
Issued by press committee, Medical Relief Committee for Soviet
Russia and Soviet Ukraine.
F. W. KAPLAN,   y
Balance on hand December 1, 1920  .2,437.71
New York City.
Large Orders Waiting to
Be Filled By U. S.
(By Helen Augur, staff correspondent for the Federated Press)
New York. — "If hundreds of
thousands of workers go hungry
and jobless this winter, lf them is
a business panic, and paralysis of
the country's life it may be laid
directly at the doors of the little
group In Washington who have
their1 own reasons for not restoring, trade relations with Russia.
Itupsia is willing to buy enough
from us to keep every man in the
United States busy for the next
three years.
' Ramming home thus, the responsibility for the present industrial
cripls In this country, Washington
B. Vanderlip, San Francisco engineer, has returned to this country
from RuBsia determined to set the
wheels of trade relaiions between
thp; two countries going again.
'Vanderlip Is armed with a
double-barreled commission from
Russia. One is the exploitation by
a group of Pacific coast capitalists
of 400,000 square miles In eastern
Siberia. The other Is a long list of
things Russia wants. The ouder extends over three years, and means
$3,000,000,000 to American business, he declares.
"Russia has 1700,000,000 in gold.
She doesn't want it; all we need to
do Is to re-mint It hero. On the
Black Sea wharves are 300,000-tons
of manganese.
$50,000,000 worth of furs In cold
storage. England Is after them. She
will give us enough oil to fill every
foreign contract. We can sell gasoline ln London for one-fourth of
the price British oil-kings are getting. We can Bell oil to France,
Holland, Germany. In the Baku
and Batoum regions production la
already up to 80 per cent of normal; they're storing the oil tn lakes
waiting for us to buy It. Russia
has flax, timber; Russia has pulp-
wood enough to solve our paper-
shortage forever .,
"Here's $3,000,000,000 worth of
export business right In my hand,"
said the Pacific coast engineer,
chanting a long list of things Russia wants—50,000 tons of leather,
2,000 river steamers, 10,000 airplanes, 270,000 tons of cotton, 60,-
000 tons of dyes, 50,000 typewriters 2,000,000 tons of rails and rail
fixtures, 6,000,000 tons of coal, 26,
000,000 pairs of shoes.
"Lenin and Trotsky are magnificent executives," he. said. "They
have to wpric to keep their jobs
just as Lloyd' George does. The
people worship them. If the Soviet government should change Into
something else, they would very
probably stay just where they are.
Soviet Russia Medical Relief Committee Issues
The following    statement    with
respect to the Soviet Russia medl-
Russia Is keeping; cal relief fund, has been Issued by
1 tho secretary
Superior, Wis.—The Flno-Bu*
slan Peace treaty has been sighed
by the Finnish president, accord,
ing to a special cable received by
Tyomles, the Finnish daily paper
here. There will be un exchange of
treaties In Moscow next week. The
Finnish representatives who will be
sent there are Ahonen and Voion.
Buy at a union store.
is necessary in almost
every department of
work. We offer short,
practical courses for those
spending a few month*
in the city
H. C. DUFFUS, Prop.
INDIVIDUAL      *vr*      BAY    d
Moscow — An exhibition et
-popular education bu been
opened In the Winter Palace ia
Petrograd In whieh all ol the educational work and experiments ot
the commissariat of education tto
shown. .  -,
Where Is the Union Buttont
A Good
Boot for Men
Men who are particular
will appreciate the refined
quality of this Dressy
Boot. Fashioned in rich,
dark brown Calfskin with
keen, recede toe, low heel
and two hooks. A shapely
Boot finished with crafts-
manlike skill. Comfortable, durable and glove-
good Shoes U
119 Hastings St.E
cities. He answered; "As an educated man I am against pogroms.
But in the present Instance I urn;
powerless. I cannot make headway against such primitive forces.
I cannot stop a tempest." And immediately to demonstrate that he
wasn't a "pogromchik" ho gave me
on order forbidding absolutely all
yiilenue against peaceful citizens,
whether Jews or Christians, and he
let us print this order and pust it
all over. I then told him this order was- not worth anything because It set no penalty for any one
who did not obey It. Thereupon
he told mo to go to the commandant of thc brigade, who alone could
undertake sterner measures. 'When
I went to the brigade commandant,
after my flrst few words, he interrupted me with tho categoric statement thut thc severest mersures
had already been taken to suppross
the disorders und that moreover
orders had been given to send medicines and provisions ami general
supplies. Nothing was left me but
to leave. But tho raping and vio-;
Ieneo went on with ten times great-1
er fury,
TWO   (il'O.lpS
I had thc opportunity of making the acquaintance of many Dehi-
kllnsts, Thoy told me quite frankly, that there were two groups in
the army. One held that it was
necessary to kill all the Jews lu
Russia in order to extinguish LSol-
shevlsm, for Bolshevism was bused
on the Jews. The others were uf
the jsame idea, but held It Inexpedient to massacre all the Jews because of public opinion In Europe,
They thought it better to kill oft
the adult supporters of the tdml
Ho* and leave the rest to dl
by starvation and disease.
. Jf you should ask me what the
altitude of the peasants In this
W^olo affair was, I should answer
as follows: The peasants formerly
harbored no enmity toward the
Jews. There had never been any
pogroms In Fastov befoio. In fact
there had never been any enmity
of any kind between the Jews and
the Christians, mnny of whom not
only hid Jewish families during
the pogrom, but actually gave these
reflugees everything they needed. It Is true thnt there were certain Incidents. For Instance, the
peasants took things they needed
out of the abandoned Jewish
houses. But this was not done because of hatred, but because the
things had been abandoned. The
peasants would have done the same
under similar circumstances In
Christy homes. In fnct they did
Just that In a number of Bussian
households. Tho general conclusion thereforo must bo that the
peasant has not really any animosity toward the Jew.
In conclusion I wish merely to
acknowledge the fact that lho attitude of lho So lot authorities lms
been most correct nnd that the
.Soviet authorities have been most
generous in the help tbey have
given; the food,' the medicines ami
tb* money and means for the burial of the corpses.—London Nation.
of tho Winnipeg
branch of that committee;
The medical relief committee
for Soviet Russia and Soviet Ukraine has received certain evidence of reports being spread by
individuals named Orlnevsky and
Sfvko of Detroit, who seek to disrupt the work of the medical relief committed
The reports are mainly accusations of dishonesty*-ag»inst the
committee working in Detroit,
Mich., under direction of Dr. A. M.
Rovln, Stories ot the spending of
thousands of dollars on motor
car rides, shoe shines, etc.. are
vividly told ln these reports, und
receipts and disbursements of the
committee arc enlarged threefold.
These dlsruptlonlsts have now
gone to the trouble and expense of
printing and mulling 72,000 circulars, containing these false statements. Luckily, however, the
Winnipeg committee has received
a full financial statement, and report from Detroit, together with a
public auditor's statement, nnd report from Dr. Mendelson, of New
York central committee, who went
to Investigate Uie matter, It is
proven by these that the Detroit
committee has throughout acted
honestly and In the best interests
of the cause,   The auditors' state-
I A Merry Christmas
—will bc a merrier one i'or you if you
eat your Christmas turkey at the
- $1 a Plate -
The very choicest foods that the market
affords, at reasonable prices.
Sey. 498
) Hastings E.
Winter Term
Monday, January 3
Spend your leisure hours during thc winter in a profitable manner by
attending either our Day or Evening classes. A practical business training
will fit you for a better position and will aid you in the conducting of your
own business affairs.
Sec us TODAY for full information.-
Success Business College
Phone Fairmont 2075
FRIDAY December 24, 1820
The 1 M.T. 1 Loggers' Boot
Mill  orden   perionally  attended to
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and Aro Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS & SON
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Phono Seymour 530 Repairs Dono While You WaU
When tke Common Poople Will
The Independent Labor party of
London, Ont., has nominated candidates' for mayor, aldermen and
school board tn the coming municipal elections of th.it city. The I.
L. P. has seventeen candidate fn
1 the field as follows: Mayor, ten al-
; dermen, five school trustees and
I one for board of hospital trustees.
think  of the  many  benefits
and uses of
I  as applied to the purchase of I
Tou can furnish your home
here on the EASIEST of
TERMS with good, sound,
useful furniture of quality
unexcelled — and start the
New Year right by coming to
see us now and arranging a
credit account
I FumitureCo. I
I 416 MAIN 1
Opposite City Hall
Guild of Health
Fifteenth    Flour     Standard
flntik—Corner of Hastings
and Bichards
Phones:    Seymour 603;
Highland 2134b
We neither uso Medicine,
Drugs,   nor   Knife,   in   our
treatment.  There ls no pain.
If Interested, write or phone.
By Appointment Only
States Labor Is Travelling
on  Road  to  Its
(By P. L.  P.  Correspondent)
Due no doubt to the economic
circumstances that confront tho
returned men, the audience at the
Columbia last Sunday felt In nc
mood to join In singing the National Anthem, and Ignored the
Woodsworth hewed straight to
the line and. his address throughout held the audience In no uncertain manner.
The speaker considered that lt
was a significant gathering of labor and ex-soldiers, when we consider that less than two years ago
the relations twixt the two were
•very strained; that great credit
might be placed with the soldiers
taking the initiative to bring about
the entente cordial, and he thought
that the soldier had been out of
touch with the principles that labor had endeavored to maintain
both In war time and in times of
The speaker analyzed the industrial and political developments in
the class struggle in detail, presenting the platform of the Federated Labor Tarty, and the neces-
s ty of a complete change in the
social order. Since the speaker
had been amongst those present
regarding unemployed, who were
quoted aB having "hot a single
red" among them, the speaker affirmed that In the minds of the
layman a Red was one who sought
to kill, but we find that a Socialist, antl-Imperiaiist, Internationalist, or any adherent to a policy
of social reconstruction, was term
ed a Red, hence the speaker was
entitled to call himself a Red.
That labor Is travelling to its
own emancipation, and that the
present system could no longer
guarantee a subsistence for the
populace, hence, insofar as the
war was concerned, the fight for
the world's democracy has yet to be
fought, let us hope that it will be
on the Industrial and the political
Comrade Simpson, G. A, U. V.
Supporting the previous speaker,
stated that thousands of-men were
destitute in one of the finest coun
tries ln the world, 'rich In all
things, he felt that there must be
some common ground on which
the dual organization could work
In harmony and that since 7500
workers lined up under the flag
of the Federated Labor party, it
must be representative of'the work
ors* desires and wishes, and sup
ported the previous speaker that
there was an Identity of interests,
concluding with the remark that
the soldiers were just as willing
to fight for social- Justice.
(By E. D. Morel In the Labor     i
THREE YEARS ago Lenin promised the Russian people peace
and bread. He has been unable to give them peace, or sufficient bread for their needs. Yet the
Russian .Socialist Republic is
strong enough, after three years
of ^vicissitudes which would have
overturned the most powerful of
capitalist governments, to fling the
last of Its Internal opponents into
the sea, although supplied with ah
arsenal of destructive engines; furnished in part by French syndicates—as a kind of blood speculation It would seem—In part (according to l'Humanlte) with monies voted by tbe French Chamber
for the war-ravaged districts of
northern France!
Last August Mi Venizelos (he
spells it with an "s" so why should
we spell it with a "z" ls not apparent) (Presented the Greek people
with nn empire inhabited by an
alien race which was handed over
to them to govern In the interests
of another empire, but at their expense and with the certainty of a
prolonged military Btruggle to
maintain their position.
The officially inspired Allied press
stnrted a competition In eulogy ofl
the "great man" of Greece, and
congratulated the Greek peoplo on
the magnificent heritage they had
acquired. At the first opportunity
open to them the Greek people
have sent M. Veniselos packing—
to enjoy the salubrious and tranquil air of Cairo. '
There are many lessons to be
learned from these two events.
There is one which Is common to
both of them. It Is the lesson that
when thc common ucople will a
thing with sufficient Intensity, whatever may be the form in which'
they give expression to their will,
their power to enforce It is absolute.
The common people of Russia
will that peace shall reign in their
land. Their will-to-peace has been
challenged by externally inspired
and financed war. They have m^t
violence with violence, the will-to-
peuco has operated with a passionate driving Torce which is irresistible; and, once again, tt has triumphed.
The common people of Greece—
the small agriculturists and farmers
aim tradesmen who make up the
majority of the nation—had many
grievances against the megalomaniac who had "bossed" them for
four years with the help of foreign
bayonets. But their chief complaint was that he would not give
them  peace.
He kept them away from their
homes, retained them within his
military shackles, arranged {without, of course, consulting them) to
plunge them into imperialistic adventures of interminable duration,
plotted to make himself their supreme ruler.
The Greeks would not be described, even by their best frienda, as
an eminently peaceful people. They
d«> not err on the side of loving
charity towards their neighbors.
But just now they are sick of war.
They do not see thc fun of pulling
the chestnuts out of the fire for
the benefit of thoir commercial
rivals.     Theirs   was   the   wlll-to-
Gcorge G. Hnlcrow, M.P.P. for
East Hamilton, was elected on Saturday as house leader of the labor
group ln thc Ontario legislature by
the labor membors of the legislature nnd the provincial executive!
of the Independent labor party.
The aetion doeR not mean that a
spilt between the farmer and labor
groups in the legislature has occured.
Olve a little encouragement to
our advertisers.
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—Preildent, J. M. Clarke;
Viuprenldent, R. W. Hatley; secretary
J G. Smith; treuurer, A. S. Wells;
Hrgeant-ftt-Avme, K. Home; ^trustee*,
Cirr, Vanrublrn, Sicvei-wright and Mldgley. Heeta 3rd Wednesday each month
lo the Pender Htll, corner of Ponder and
Howe streets; Phone Sey. 291.
cll—Ueeta second Monday Id tht
vontfa. Preaident, J. V. McConnell: secretary, R. H. Neelands. I*. O. Boi 66.
Lnmber Indnatry (camp and mill)
Meet with fellow workers in tbat lnduitry. Organise Into the Lumber, Camp &
Agricultural Workers Dfepl. of the 0. B.
V.   Headquarter!, 31 Cordova atreet weat,
Vancouver.   Phone Ssy.J78f>6.	
0. B. U—Preaident, R. W. Hatley
lecretary, J. O. Smith. Meets 1st wed
nesday In each month in Pender HbU,
eor. of Pender and Howe streets.
Sey.   291.
EtmaTand    restaurant    em-
ployees, Local 88—Meets every second
Wednesday in the month at 2:80 p.m.
•nd every fonrth Wednesday In the month
at 8:30 p-m. President, John Cumming".
secret!--y and bualneaa agent, A. Oraham.
Oflee and meeting ball, 441 Beymour St
tf.    Phono Sey.        """ *■	
to fl p.m.
tre, Maillardville.   Snd and dth flairs-
day, 8 p.m.
Port   Moody—Orange  Hall,   2nd  Friday,
every month, at B p.m.
era' Unit ol the One Big Union, Metalliferous Miners—Vancouver, B. C, headquarters,  61 Cordova Street Weat.     All
orkers  engaged  In   this   jndusti
ngn _..         	
urged Jo Join _ the Unlon^ beforo gi
try   are
„.._ ._ _ ._._ jolng on
the Job. Don't wait to be organised, bnt
organise yoursall.	
North America (Vancouver snd vicinity) —- Branch meeti second and fourth
Mondays, aifl Pender St. W. President.
Wm. Hunter, 318 Tenth Ave., North Vancouver ; flnunriiil secretary, E. Ooddnrd,
856 Rlchnrda Street; recording secretary,
J. D. Russell, Booth Rd., McKay P. 0„
Burnaby, B. C. ,i
cn'Brliltfemen, Dfrrlckinen and Riggers
o( Vancouver and vicinity. Mei ts every
Monday, 8 p.m., in 0. B. U. Hull, 804
Pender St. W. Presidont, T. L. Hewitt;
financial secretary nnd business agent, E.
Home.   Phone, Seymonr 2PI.
1681.    Oflee bours,  6
Association, Loul 88-68—Offlce and
Ull, 152 Cordova St. W. Meets first
Md third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-
treasurer, F. Chapman;   business   agent,
B. Richards.	
era' Union—Meeta 2nd and 4th Mondays, President, J. E. Dawson, 1646 Yew
St., Kitsllano; secretary, E. T. Kelly,
1150 Hastings St. E.; recording secretary,
ft. Holdsworth, 689—14th St. W., North
Lumber, oamp * agricultural
WORKERS Dept. of the 0. B. U.—
Aa industrial anion of all workers In log-
ting Md construction camps. Coast District and General Headquarters, 01 Cordova St. W., Vanoouver, B. 0. Pbone Sey.
flfifl. S- Winch, general secretary-
treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Macdonald It Co., Vanoouver, B. ft; audi-
Buttar k  Chiene,   Vancou-
ers—You need the Camp Workers of
your Industry. They need you. Organise
together In the 0. B. U. IndutsrUI Unit
of your occupation. Dolegatia on every
Job, or write tho District Headquarters,
61 Cordova St. W., Vancouver. Entrance
fee, 11.00; monthly dues, $ 1.00.
Fastener*. I.L.A., Loral Union :»HA,
Serbs 6—Meets the 2nd nnd 4th Fridays
of the month at 319 Pender St. West, 8
p.m. President, William Muj-ior; financial
secretary nnd tmstness atfent, M. Phelps;
corresponding secretnry, \\. Lee. Office
319 Pender St. W.
Meets last Bunday ol each month at
2 p.m. President, A. E, Robb; vice*
president, 0. H. Collier; secretary-treasurer, R, H. Neelands, Boi 86.	
ver, B. 0.
tho O. B. U. meet la thoir union hall
at Rooms 3 and 4 Empire Hotel, 76 Hastings East, flret and third Wednesday In
the month. Preaident V. Owens: vice*
pnsldent, D. CarllDJ secretary, Earl King.
Fhye Bey. 86B8.	
Lnmber Indnstry, organise Into the
L., 0. ft A. W. Dept. of tho 0. B. U.
Millworkers, Branches meet as follows:
Vaneonver—Lumber Workers' headquartera, 61 Oordova Bt. W.   Every Monday
Hew Westminster—Labor Hall, eor. Royal
Ave. aad 7th Bt. 2nd and 4th Wednesdaya at fl p.m.
Fiaaer Villa—Old Mot lag Picture Thea-
Employeea, Pioneor Division, No. 101
—Meots A. 0. P; Halt, Mount Pleasant
1st and Srd Mondays at 10 16 am. and /
p.m. Preaident, R. Bigby; recording
secretary, F. E, Grlffln, 447—Oth Avenue
Eut; treuurer, F. aldaway; flnanolal
seeretary and business agent, W. .H. Cottrell, 4808 Dumfries Streot; office cornor
Prior Md Main SU. Phona Fair, 8804 R.
Provincial Unions
and Labor Connell—Moeta first and
third WediMdays, Knlgt's ot Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 p.m, Presl*
dent, A. C. Pike; vice-president, C. E.
Copeland; accretary-treniurer, E. 8.
WoodWWd, P. 0. Boi 302, Victoria, B.C.
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Meets every TueaJ
day in the Mclntyre Hall at 8 p.m. Me.0
Ings open -to all 0. B. U. members. Seeretary-treasurer, N. Booth, Box 217
Prince Rupert. B. 0,
peace.  '
They used the constitutional ma-
ehlnety at their disposal to enforce
it. They have enforced lt, and the
preposterous edifice of personal am-
hltinn end Imperialist lust erected
by Veniselos and his foreign backers, talis to pieces like a pack of
cards. They willed thla thing so
strongly that nothing could withstand them.
These are hopeful portents in a
world made dark and dreadful because the common people have not
willed, and do not will, with all
their hearts and minds and souls—
but only with part of them.
That It should be so is comprehensible enough. We have been
lied to so persistently for the paBt
ten years. We are lied to so per-
S'S'.ently today by the suppression
of the truth and the suggestion of
the false, alike, that our minds are
bewildered. Take a single point.
Jt Is the only one I shall touch
upon,    It appears to me capital.
One of our clearest thinkers, who
conceals his Identity under th
pseudonym of "Brougham VUHcrs,1
has put In bald terms what Is the
-governing thought of the worker"
of our country today. He has said
in effect—-I have not his exact
words before me; "You complain of
these incessant 5>tr'uRgles between
employers nnd employees. You say
the workers are never satisfied.
You are right. They are not and
never will be satisfied, because that
which Is at the bottom of all these
disputes Is not wages, but status.
They don't accept the equation of
employers and employees. They
refuse to acqulsce iu an economic
and social order which makes, and
keeps them, employees. Until you
have grasped that, you have failed
to grasp the meaning of the Labor
Quite true—but here Is my point
The social nnd economic transfoiJ
matlon thus roughly, but profound
ly, Indicated; thc emergence of the
co-operative commonwealth from
out of the morass of selfishness,
callousness, waste and sordid, stu
pld self-serkln'i In which the existing capitalistic ordor flounders—
this Is ultimately Inevitable. But
it will be helped or hindered, hastened or retarded In the measure!
In which the "common people" of
this country perceive that they can
not pursue the road to a fuller and
richer life tor themselves over the
bodies of other people.
They don't want to, you may answer. They are doing so, nevertheless.
Why is lt that we, above all peoples, have to appreciate this truth,
and not only appreciate It, but
weave It Into tho warp and woof
of our national consciousness.
Because our own will has made
us answerable to a fifth of the human race. Because today all Europe, half Africa, and more than
a third of Asia Is a sensitive plate,
reflecting our Impress, That is
We look to a fairer world, if not
for ourselves, at least for our children.
Neither we nor they may enter
hit, while from our alien rule Ireland turns with abhorrence as from
an unclean, brutal and murderous
thing; while German childhood
perishes, and Oerman working men
and women grow In emaciation and
distress beneath conditions imposed upon them through a "peace*
of savage vongeanco;  whilo Afrl-
towns with our proclaimed concurrence; while famine, disease and
civil war plague Russia and Its bor-J
derlands by our direct aetion or
connivance; while slavery in Africa raises Its head once more;
camouflaged, under our adrfiinis-.
tration, while Arabs fall be*
neath the missiles of buy:
aeroplanes that the natural rich?!:
of their country shall be-^xtf:
plolted undisturbed, not for their
benefit, but for ours; while we
turn a deaf ea»' to India's gathering national consciousness, scheme
to use her man power fur our Imperial conquests, and leave unpunished and barely censured acts of
repugnant Inhumanity to her people; while those'whom . we ourselves have set over us to govern
us assist, and not infrequently die-'
tate, processes which dispose o_
human beings, in bitches~of millions, as though they were sheep,
to alien rulers, In defiance of plighted oaths and solemn covenants
sealed with the blood of our children.
Neither we nor they can do more
than perceive afar off the promised
land, while these things be.
For these things bear within
them a moral contamination which
Itself poisons clarity of counsel, begets forces disruptive of our alms,
generates antagonisms which distract and paralyze—all this within
It Is the spiritual law which men
and nations violate, but never succeed tn escaping. And as these
things have their Internal price, so
they have their external price.
It Is because these things are
that Coventry is turning out its
millions of cartridges a week and
Woolwich its heavy guns; that we
are spending two years after the
war that Was to have ended war
four times more upon preparations
tor slaughter than upon education,
It is because they nre that Europe and Asia seethe with passionate discontent.
It Is because they are lhat the
chemist Is bending over his crucible, the engineer over his wheels,
and motors, the inventor over tht
plans of his new model—one and
all intent upon devising fresh
means for the effective destruction
of human life and edifices reared
by man; ln preparation for the
next international massacre, the
main lines of which ore even now
being traced by ministers of war
chiefs cf staff and technicians In
the silence of the diplomatic closet
and military council chamber^ 0
• Yet no human force is so potent
for arresting these things, beca_j.se
i no human force is more response
ble for their existence, and: be-j
cause no human force at this-stage;
of the world's history is possessed
of such enormous power flrf' the
human force incarnate in the '■Common people'^ of Britain. "iii   '
If they will strongly enough, to
understand and t0 remedy, there Is
nothing beyond their capacity to
achieve. • ''■■■ ■'
If they-will even as strongly as
they willed to "win the war" (which
winning,materially, they loj.t -symbolically and profoundly), they/cad
arrest the Irish tragedy and '■ give
fr'eedom to the Irish people.
They can stop the murder! of
German children.
They can stop the starvation of
the Russian peasant, and tho massacre of Arab tribesmen.
They can root slavery out of British Africa, even as they rooted it
out of the Congo.
No influence desirous of perpetuating these evils and errors could
withstand the determined assault
of th^Ir will.
Immeasurable and unn paralleled
Is our responsibility, because of the
very greatness of our power.
Direct Is our liability for mativ
of the world's worst • ills today.
Therein lies the measure of our
(By H. N. Brallsford)
I WAS lucky during my stay in
Vladimir (accent on the second
syllable) to flnd the provincial
Soviet in session. The little town,
with Its forty thousand inhabitants,
#ome 120 miles due cast of Moscow,
['is like many another capital of a
£"gubernia" (province) In Central
Russia. I used to fancy that it
might have been the model for
Gogol's country town In the "Inspector-General"—the place from
which you might drive for three
years, and .never reath a frontier.
Nature, however, hed made It more
picturesque t'.ian most Russian
towns, for In this land of endless
scarce, could secure a majority in
Vladimir. They polled in this province 55 per cent, of the votes in the
"democratic" elections for the Constituent Assembly In 1917- as, indeed, they did throughout Central
Russia. They have, since then, increased their influence among the
younger generation.
Debates Full of Vigor
The debates, given the somewhat
artificial origin of the fiwlet as a
body virtually nominal-! by the
Communist Pnrty, sui yr! :otl me
agreeably by their' vigor anil spirit.
Of politics in  our  Western sense
  of the word one heard little.   Snne
plains, lt stood on a low ridge of j hours were occupied by a very lung
hills. Below lt wound the gleam- «»0i4 °n the Polish war, v^iq Lulling, serpentine stream of the river don negotiations, and tltfMconoma:
Klyasma, and from tho height one' Prospects cf the republU- hy a.$Sm
Referring to C. L. Malone, British M, P., the Worker, published in
Scotland, has the following to say:
"We await with interest, not to
say suspicion, the result of the
trial of Comrade Malone. The rep.
resentatives of 'law and order,' rep
resentatlves of the mighty, cenotaph-building, democracy - saving
Empire, had to wait until his back
was turned before they burglarious,
ly sneaked into his flat and stole
his private belongings. If his al
leged sedition at the Albert Hall
formed a sufflclent basis for his ar
rest, then there was no need for
these dirty hounds to go and fllch
his pnpers like common footpads.
"We should like to know, too,
who the cowardly white-livered cur
was who denied in the House of
Commons that Malone was a man.
He was man enough to be flight
['commander at Cuxhaven, to command a warship during the war, to
be tho flrst man to fly from the
deck of a battleship and to bc
twice mentioned in dispatches. He
was working for ruling-class swine
ln those days and was a man—a
very distinguished gentleman, an
'honorable and gallant gentleman.'
Now he works for Labor and Communism, and consequently has*i td
suffer the treacherous sneers of
gilt-edged prigs and dandies of thn
House, who daren't utter a word td
his face, and to be jeered ut by
ignorant charlatans like J.' H.
Thomas, the railwayman's 'friend..
We shall have something to -i fifty
later on about Malone, one of the1
most fearless men the working
class ever won to its ranks—in spite
of the irresponsible idiots who have
stooped to label him 'spy.'"   I
tan levies sit encamped in German pais It on,
Union President Ia Arrested, .'and
Men Trying to Free Him
Are Killed
(By The Federated Press)
Port Elizabeth, South Africa-
Following a demand by colored
labor for a wage of $2.50 a day for
men, and of $1.75 a day for1 women,
Masabalaba, president of the Native Workers organization, was arrested. The police flred on union
members, who tried to free their
leader, killing and wounding about
All natives were then banished
from the city. Telegraph and telephone wires have been cut through'
out the colony, with the exception
of the main lines to Capetown. The
latest report glv<
ties as 22 killed
When through
saw the endless Centrul Russian
forest stretching to the horizon, Its
green dimmed by the menacing
pall of smoke from the incessant
fires. ,
Vladimir, moreover, had a past.
Its two cathedrals dated from the
twelfth century, and one of them,
an odd square building, covered
with fnntastitc reliefs of birds,
beasts, saints, and their creator, fs
familiar to students of architecture.
At one end of Ub long main street
stands the "Golden Gate," a triumphal arch built by local princes
before there was a czar in Moscow.
The revolution had changed
little In Its outer aspect. Most of
the shops, indeed, were closed,
though tantalizing advertisements
still promised the non-existent
goloshes or hats. The few Soviet
stores were generally "sold out"
and deserted before mid-day. The
uneven streets were comparatively
clean. Two motor cars existed In
the whole province—there had been
none before the war—and all the
horses shied at them, m primitive
Is this place. The electric light
blazed in the streets for three hours
after nightfall—a luxury unknown
in Moscow. The usual efforts of a
Communist propaganda—posters in
color, posters in print, and clever
stencilled drawings, imprinted in
blaek on the white-washed walls—
formed your mind for you, ns you
walked, by their reiterated suggestion. The little town was monot-
ously orderly, puritanical,
quiet. In my two weeks' stay 1
never saw a drunken man, a proati
tutc. or a game of cards. I never
witnessed nor heard of a single act
of violence or roughness. A very
few armed militiamen patrolled the
streets, but I never heard a shot,
and In a conspicuous place there
stood a letter-box specially set
apart and labelled for "Complaints
against the Militia." I used to
wonder in this "Bolshevik chaos"
what order looks like in Cork or
Are All Workers
. The Soviet met, at least thrice a
year, <n a big, classical building
which had been the Nobles' Club.
Ono could imagine the brilliant
balls of the old regime. Today the
place has become a "district club,"
and hundreds of serious, well-
behaved, working-elass youths, including soldiers, throng It every
evening to hear lectures, or to
listen to good concerts of classical or Russian music. The gilded
chairs of the big assembly hall were
a little dingy, and in a heavy
frame, surmounted by an Imperial
eagle shrouded in red, a poor portrait of Lenin in oils had replaced
what doubtless was nn equally poor
portrait of Czar Nicholas. Much,
no doubt, had been lost ln elegance
and the surface refinements of
manner. But I doubt If anything
ls lost to civilization. By all accounts the nobles dined well,
danced well, and played high In
this club, but It is not recorded that
they listened to lectures on history
or economics. The outer aspect of
the Soviet was rather sombre.
There was a group of half-a-dozen
women members from textile factories. All the rest were obviously
workmen or peasants, big men,
roughly dressed, and I think the
only "Intellectuals" among them
were one or two village teachers.
There the history of this revolution was made visible. In its flrst
months the "intellectuals" had
combated it with an organized
boycott. Their passive resistance
was gradually broken. For nearly
two years they had endured what
was at best a suspicious tolerance.
It was only towards the end of 1919
thut the word of order came- from
the centre for a sort of reconciliation. Their food ration had been
raised and their opportunities of
service increased. Many of them
have responded in loyal and devoted work. The class cleavage, however, remains. They are not trusted by the workmen They are not
welcomed in the governing Communist Party. They are rarely
elected to the Soviets. They are
still only the employees of tho
dominant proletariat.
Majority Comtminlstft
The Vladimir Soviet, like every
other, contained an overwhelming
majority of Communists (Bolshe
vlks). There were no Mensheviks
who sat under that name. A tiny
opposition, very loyal and discreet,
perhaps ten per cent, of the whole
body, sheltered under the . "non
party" label. There is much discussion among advanced circles in
the West as to the relative merits
of an occupational as opposed to a
territorial franchise, The question
has its theoretical interest, but
there Is little light on It to be derived from Russian practice. The
plain historic fact Is that the Soviet was evolved as a fighting organization, well adapted to conduct a general strike. It remains
In being as an organ of the Communist dictatorship. To waste time
In discussing It as a representative
system would be either foolish or
dishonest. Under a dictatorship
which denies, even to the tolerated
Menshevtk opposition, the Indispensable opportunities of propaganda through the press and public meeting, no system of representation can work as such.    By one
expedient or another, the opposl
tion Is kept within Insignificant dimensions, and the Soviet "represents" only the Communist Party.
No Russian Bolshevik would dispute or resent that plain statement
of fact. It ls the non-Russian propagandists who obscure the truth,
None the less, it is possible that
even under free and equal conditions the Communists, unless food
ber of the central^ulMluisfcrattQii,
Comrade Lnrln, d¥nt down *fr.o;i.
Moscow, according to custom, for
this purpose. The main business
consisted in the discussion of ths
reports which each of the heads of
departments of the Vladimir government mado upon his own exercise of responsibility. Each report
dealt both with the achievements
ln the past and the plans for the
future, with much precise detail
and full statistics. The Soviet listened very quietly and attentively;
thero was little applause, and no
interruption, and many of the delegates took copious notes, in order
to be able to report to the county
or district (uyes^l and volost) councils which "had elected them to the
provincial (guhernia) Soviet. Most
of them were men themselves actively engaged, in some smaller
field, In the work of administration.
Politics mean In-Russia today mainly the handling of material things,
and most of the discussion turned
fn a businesslike way on the building of bridges or schools, the making of agricultural machines, the
reorganization of factories, and the
supply of essential goods. I found
peasants and workmen much easier to understand than "Intellectuals," und got a fair idea of some of
their speeches. Many of them were
sharply critical of the admlnlstra
tion, and the hardest hitting came
from the Communists. It is a complete mistake to suppose that party
discipline forbids a critical attl
turte. The hottest attack was loudly applauded, and, by a vote of the
Soviet, the time allotted to the
speaker was extended from five minutes to twenty-live. He urged
that "we should not drop into
laxy way of blaming the blockade
and the war for everything," and
that more bridges und schools
could have been built, if peasant
labor had been called up for the
purpose. The "minister," to give
him that western name) retorted
hotly, whereupon a peasant made a
delightfully naive, but sensible and
soothing speech on the text, "We
are teaching ourselves how to rule."
A teacher followed with a much-
applauded plea for more schools,
an.i an argument that the peasants
are so eager for education that they
would gladly have obeyed a summons to build them.
The "minister's" answer wub a
little irrelevant, but deeply Interesting. No less than 8000 men had
been embodied In early spring In
the Vladimir government for the
sole purpose of building. Every
one of them had had to be sent to
the Polish front. The best speaker
in point of form was a peasant, a
non-Communist, who evidently had
a real literary gift; he spoke slowly, forming his phrases carefully,
and giving to them an original and
slightly poetical turn. He was
pleading for more scientific agriculture—"war Is the negation of
civilization, and yet It had taught
us much, for some of us as prisoners had seen in Germany how thc
Prussians get rich crops from sandy soil even poorer than ours." A
Communist answered him that Individual peasant cultivation Ib
hopeless; "the peasants look on
the Soviet instructors as antichrists"; the only hope Is to develop the communal farms.
Meetings Educative
The practical importance of this
Soviet meeting seemed to me slight.
The criticism was never pushed to
the point of u vote, though lt must
have given useful Indications to
the "ministers." The time allotted
to Important points of detail was
Inadequate, even less In the way of
real control over administration
was attained than in our own parliamentary debates. Educative,
' however, these meetings doubtless
were; the delegates, most of them
self-taught, and all of them without experience of administration or
of public speaking before 1917,
were slowly 'teaching themselves
to rule." The relatively reassuring
fact to me was that the Communist Party, even in the provinces,
evidently admits various tendencies
and critical groups. The real act uf
government is performed, usually
once a year, when the Communist
Party decides whom it will nominate for the all-Important "ministerial" posts at the heads of the
several departments. To judge
from these debates a "minister
who had shown himself inefficient
would probably bc replaced.
In the Intervals of the debates I
found the Individual delegates eager to talk about their work. One
man told me an almost Incredible
tale about the results achieved In
his factory (a powder mill) since
the revolution. During the great
war it had 17,000 hands on the pay
sheets, and turned out only fiO poods
of powder dally. It now, with only
9000 hands, made 100 poods dally,
beside large quantities of other Important things, Under the old regime quite half the "hands" had
been used as cooks, coachmen and
servants to the staff. The staff itself had been reduced by desertion
from 54 to nine, but those nine had
undertaken the scientific instruction of the abler workmen. The
workers had themselves built a
club house, a narrow gauge railway, ahd a brick kiln, and twelve
of them had in their spare time, repaired a derelict locomotive, which
now carried their products to Moscow.
Made Great Progress
I might have doubted this glowing report, had not the delegate
pressed me most earnestly and repeatedly to come and Bee for myself. Unluckily the distance was
too great. Another delegate told
me of the affairs of a group of
four big cotton mlllB.    They had
Thousands of Ties, Mufflers and Men's and Ladies' Gloves
at reduced prices for Christmas buying.
Men's Dressing Gowns and House Coats going at 25 per
cent, discount.
See our Boys' Department   Everything for the Boy,
sams as Dad.
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
Men's and Boys' Clothiers
2 Stores
309 HASTINGS W.        623 GRANVILLE ST.
10 Sub. Cards
Good for one yeir's lubscrlptlos to Tht
B. 0. Fedoratfonlit, will bo mailed to
sny iddreid la email* for 122.50
(Oood anywhere outiide of Vancourer
city.) Order ten today. Remit wheawld.
cent over the low level of 1918,
and would fulfil their programme
for the year, lf (a serious reservation) the "armored" food ration
arrived punctually. One of these
four mills had recently installed
He was full of their partly accomplished work to utilize a more distant peatfleld In order to electrify
a second mill. They, too, were
building a light railway. These
two men, eager, ambitious, Intelligent, and bent on big schemes to
raise the productivity of industry,
wero typical of the part played
by the Communist worker. Like
the Comunlst volunteers in the Red
Army, their role Is • to lead, to
stimulate zeal, to quicken the tempo of the sluggish Russian pulse,
and to set the example of sacrifice and unstinting lnbor, when
others would droop from Inanition
and fatigne. For this zeal, recollect, the reward Is not profits, but
only the Joy in creative world—
London Nation.
Series of Lectures Held
By Labor M. P. in
<By Ed. Crandall)
Radville, Sask.—A great deal of
Intorest was created by a course
of lectures completed at this place
The speaker, Mr. A. E, Smith,
M. L. A., of Brandon, elected last
June, Is a member of the Dominion
Labor Party, and favorable to the
O. B. U.
He ls a very able and interest-1
Ing speaker;  always handling his
subject  In   a  very   complete  and
thorough manner.
During the present visit, which
Is his second, and hope not his
last, to this place, many remarks
of appreciation were heard on all
sides, and about $130 realized
through the sale of tickets, etc.
The subject of his lectures were as
X,   The Religion for the Day.
2. Materialist Socialism versus
Modern Religion.
5. The Social Meaning of the
Death of Jesus.
4.   The Communism of Jesus.
E.    Is Civilization Worth While?
6, The Work of the labor
Party In Political Development,
Open Forum—W. L. Alnger
speaks on Sunday at 3 p.m. In the
hall. Subject to be "The Unemployed Problem."
Speaker's Class—Under J. S.
Woodsworth, every Tuesday at 8
p. m.
Sunday School—Cliirstmas tree
and concert on Monday, December 27.
Class subject for the week to be
"In Union Is Strength, and "Political Developments." Enroll the
young folk,
Give them the right education
at thc right age. Teachers wanted. Class called at 1:45 every
Sunday In the hall.
Vancouver Executive — Meets
every Wednesday in the hall, at 8
p.m.   Open to the rank and flle.
Appointments—Comrade Mills,
literature agent.
"Greater Vancouver Rally," In
the I. O. O. F, hall on Main street,
New Year's night, at 8 p.m.. Dance,
concert and refreshments. Admission free by Invitations to bc obtained from F. L. P. members.
Ladles willing to help or donate
refreshments, please phone Bay.
594X, or Fair. 2H2SL.
the   moment   were   specially mImA   their   production   40  per
Labor Government Push
Forward Big Industrial Enterprises
(By    Francis    Ahern,    Australian
staff correspondent of the Feder.
ated Press)
Sydney, N. S.—Included In the
programme of the labor govern
ment of New South Wales, which
was elected to power last March,
are projects for new railways, now
ports, hydro-electric works, public
highways, water and sewerage
works, and utilization of other resources.
It is the intention of the government to vigorously press to com-
pletion unfinished railways and Initiate new ruilways in the country.
Certain railways adjacent to the
city of Sydney are to be electrified
at an early date. New ports along
the coastline are to be opened up,
and connected with railways from
the interior.
The hydro-electric power potentialities of the state are to be developed. Public highways are to
be built and maintained for animal
and motor traction, while local municipal bodies will be financed, to
provide good roads within their
In the production of goods, the
government proposes to manufacture to the fullest practicable extent before eport. It will not allow
raw hides to be exported instead of
leather, wheat Instead of flower,
and wool Instead of cloth, and so
on. It is out to take a larger view
of the possibilities of the country
which it governs, and lays It down
as a basic law that the secondary
Industries to handle the raw materials of the country should be in
that country nnd not In forntgn
, lands.
All Immigration Charges
Are Dropped by
The report regarding Charlie
O'Brien to the effect that all U. S.
federal warrants against him have
been withdrawn and cancelled, Is
erroneous. This report had reference only to warrants against
O'Brien, issued by the department
of Immigration of the U. S. A. The
charge under the Criminal Anarchy Law of the State of New
York still hangs over him, and he
Is on ball on that charge now.
Harry W, Weinberger of New York,
a lawyer who specializes ln the defence, of political prisoners, has
been engaged for the defence, and
reports from Rochester are to the
effect that expectations held by
the comrades there are * tot
O'Brien's freedom from the charges
at an early date. Some $1200 has
already been collected for his defence, and more money is required.
During the past summer, Char-
He held ln and around Rochester
an average of eighteen meetings a
week, and now that his case ts
slated for an early hearing, with
himself on ball in the meantime,
his activities are curtailed.
Moscow. — Eighty-one thousand
tons of fish have been shipped from
Astrakan to the big cities of Soviet
Russia since the rivers have been
open for navigation.' In one week
recently 43,200,000 pounds of cotton were shipped by waterway.
Reports received show that ths
food supply in Siberia has developed to an extraordinary extent.
"I have- become a Socialist ahd
will be the lubor party candidate
for parliament from Nottingham at
the next general election;" declared Norman Angell, world famoua
pacifist, in an interview.
SAVE MONET by using
Lump $14 Ton
Stove $13 Ton
We recommend a mixture of
halt Lump and halt Stove at
$13.50 Ton.
This la the best HOUSEHOLD
COAL ln Vancouver, bar
Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Phone Sey. 404-6-6 PMDAT December 24, 1S80
fAUIS SB van
(By j. E. Armlshaw, J. P., Say-
-  ward, Vancouver Island, *B. C.)
IHAVETead with great interest
Capt. P. C. Brown's letter,
which appeared In The Federatlonist of Decs 10. nits letter
was in reply to my article, which
appeared in the issue of Nov. 26,
while Capt. Brown used considerable space to my mind, he failed
to make one point against my article, and I am quite satisfied to lq&ve
this to the judgment of the many
reailers of this valuable paper.
itut I am wondering just why
tho captain failed to take me to
task on the following portions of
my article:
li ' As to the amount of land
jjheld out of cultivation In British
{Columbia by the board, on which
jthe settlor' has to pay Interest and
I taxes.
2. Re the telegram which one
-of the oldest farmers in the i ruber
|Va:ioy sent to the board at Ot-
■tawft;* demanding an Invesligolion
Into the land sales to returned soldier settlers. These sales ware
mado through .Brown & Company,
the only results that this telegram
produced were that thc sender of It
was discharged by Capt. Brown.
8. Re the cost to the taxpayers
of Canada to locate each settler on
the land:
I say that Capt. Bfown's failure
to deal with the above, showa that
he was afraid to do so.
Capt. Brown stated In the commencement of his letter that he did
nol wish to enter into any controversy wilh Mr. Armishaw,,..ar.ii yet
Ave see niin ln several places in his
letter making personal attacks on
myself, and I am In duty bound to
reply briefly to same. He states
that I have consistently endeavored to belittle the achievements of
the-returned men, and then he
continues that I do not belong to
the ranks of the retur'ned men.
Capt. Brown then advises the
editor to write to the returned men
at ^Sayward for my record, as to
how I have tried to assist them.
I am vory glad Indeed that Capt,
Brown has brought into the limelight, Sayward and its returned
soldier settlers. And like thc famous rat hole referred to by Abram
Lincoln, the Sayward affair re soldier settlement is worth looking
into, and I may add that myself
and many other returned men are
very anxious that the public should
get a good look at them. Captain
Brown ls well aware of the maladministration which has taken place
under his board at Sayward; and
he is also aware that .returned soldiers at' Sayward have been trying
to bring this scandal before the
courts of this country, by 'an appeal to the Exchequer Court! of
Canada since last July, and througji
their counsel, have pressed thfe
matter persistently by letters and
telegrams, but we are denied an
appeal to. the courts by this boarq,
who says we represent the Kinrf,
and he can do no wrong.      j
Capt. Brown also advises me {hat
if I desire to obtain tho facts, and
to see something of'the progress
that the S. S. B. Is making, for me
to visit the Fraser Valley districts,
and along the line of the G. T. P.
For the captain's information, I
may say as far as the Fraser Valley Is concerned, I have aid the information that ls necessary to
prove that conditions there are deplorable in the extreme, which was
further proven by what took place
at the very stormy meeting which
took place at Cloverdale as late as
December 10, and Captain Brown
As to along the line of the (1. T,
P. I have made a personal inspection of this district, and I can fully
confirm what Capt. fBrown reported on hts return from Inspecting
this district, that there were some
80 settlers scattered over some 500
square miles of country. A great
many of the settlers have left their
holdings, and no wonder, as they
were located where, as I was informed, the crops had been a failure for the past three years.
Captain Brown says that personally he has never been able to ap-
I 0£PfW0 Oai Trtojfr J
Two  ..low/ T0   -n
, Keep Tne uoeieea /
l HaoM QaDicali/mJ
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Here They Are, Indexed for Ton
Mr. Union Man, Oat This Out aud Olve tt to four Wife
§1     Jsove & Co 570 Seymour Street
Ttsdnlli Limitcd-
,.618 Hastings Street West
Cod Jones (Brunswick Pool Rooms)   - Hastings Street East
Boots and Shoes
Johnston's Big Shoe Houso 409 Hastings W.
Pierre Paris  64 Hastings Street Wost
MacLachlan-Taylor Company 83 Cordova Street West
Cyrnett Bros. & Clarke  56 Hastings Street West
Boot and Shoe Repairing
Pierre Paris , ji _. 64 Hastings Street West
New Method Shoe Repairing 337 Carrall Street
Books and Periodicals
I open ill tlonal Book Shop Corner Hastings and Columbia Streets
China and Toys
Millar & Coe 419 Hastings Stroet West
Chiropractors and Drugless Healers
Dr. Wlllard Coates ^. 30-32 Burns Bldg., 18 Hastings Streot West
Downle Sanitarium, Ltd 15th Floor Standard Bank Bldg.
Dr. Lee Holder 74 Fairfield Building
Dr. H. Walton „.310-311 Carter Cotton Bldg, 198 Hastings St. W.
Clothing and Men's Outfitting
Arnold ft Quigley........™... ......  546 Qranvllle Street
Clu*nans, Ltd 153 Hastings Street West
Clubb 4 Stewart 309-315 Hastings Street West
K C. Outfitting Co „ 342 Hastings Street West
B. C. Tailoring C5 : 342 Hastings East
Wm. DIr.fc Ltd _„    .»..33-40 Hastings Street East
Thos. Poster ft Co., Ltd .. 514 Granvillo Street
J. W. Foster ft Co., Ltd...
..  345 Hastings Street West
J. N. HftTvey Ltd  125 Hastings Wost and Victoria, B. C
C. D. Batce 401 Hastings Street Weet
New Tork Outfitting Co 143 Hastings Stroot West
W. B. Brumitt   ™ . —.  Cordova Streot
D. K. Book l..™™™ ««„«™m. „™. 117 Hastings Stroet West
Thomas & McBain  •, 655 Oranvllle Street
Seven Littlo Tailors  336.Carrall Stroet
 m Main St., Seymour 1441 aad 465
Kirk ft Co., Ltd-.
Dancing Lessons
Pender Hall Corner of Pender and Howe Streets
W. E. Ferris Dancing School V Cotillion Hall
Dr. Brett Anderson   602 Hastings West
pr. Oordon Campbell  ~ 805 Granville Street
Dr. W. J. Curry -   , ■, ' -.,.„., 301 Dominion Building
Britannia Beer.—.™™. .—. Westminster Brewery Co.
Cascade Beer...
Van Bros...
 -Vancouver Breweries Ltd,
 - ..-Ciders nnd wines
Vancouver Drug Co...
..Any of tlieir six stores
Dry Goods
Famous Cloak ft Snit Co. 623 Hastings Streot West
Lasalle ExtonBlon University   701 Standard Bank Bldg.
B, C. School of Pharmacy and Science  615 Ponder West
Brown Bros, ft Co. Ltd. .48 Haatings East aad 728 Oranvillo Street
Funeral Undertakers
Harron BroB 2398 Granville Streot
Mount Pleasant Undertaking Co - 233 Klngsway
Nunu and Thomson —....._....5S1 Homer Street
Haatings Furniture Co...
...41 Hastings Street West
"Ballard Furniture Store ...» 1024 Main Street
Home Furniture Company 416 Main Street
"Slaters" (three stores)..—...~....JIustiu,j8, Granville and Main Streets
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pendor Street West
Calhoun's, Ltd. ~*~ » ......61 Hastings Street East
Jewelers '
O. B. Allan • ■• 480 GranvUle Stroet
Masseurs, Etc.
M. F. Eby, B.A., M.E., , D99 Broadway West
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand (Turner Beeton & Co., Victoria, B. C.)
Printers and Engravers
Cowan ft Brookhouse —«—_ Labor Temple
(lelland-Dibble   «■—.— Tower Building
Taxi Service
St'auley Steam Tuxl Co. 334 Abbott street
Theatres and Movies
j Empress   Offfhoum  Pant' ge3
proclate my efforts on behalf of
tho returned men, and that I have
never given them credit for their
ability and resourcefulness. For
Capt. Brown's information and enlightenment, I wish to refer him to
the flies of the Vancouver Daily
Province, the Vancouver World, the
Vancouver Sun, the Farm and
Home, the Agricultural Journal,
and the Comox Argus for the past
two years.
1 have only been back at Say-
\yard one week; after an absence of
two "months, but I have been, appealed to' for_ assistance from returned soldier^. One returntj'd htan
has been trying tp obtain land Here
through the board since last April,
and after' wasting all the summer,
he has just, been Informed from
Capt. Brown's offlco that he cannot
take up the land, Tho reason given
Is that Sayward Is so Isolated. Yet
another man, not a returned soldier, has purchased this same land.
Another returned soldier, who Is a
practical farmer, also applied for
anothpr piece of land through the
board. This man's application was
olso turned down, and he Is at present working ln tho coal mines on
Vancouver Island, and the land
which he applied for has been purchased by a man, but not a returned soldier. I should like to ask
Capt. Brown why tho board refused to allow returned men to
take up lund at Sayward, when by
his own letters and the reports of
his field supervisors, all the settlers under tlyj board at Sayward
are doing well?
And I should also like t0 nsk
Capt. Brown, through whose efforts were all the soldier settlers
located at Sayward? Was It
through the efforts of tho board's
officials, or through the efforts of
,T. E. Armlshaw, and I am willing
*.o render whatever assistance I
enfi to the returned men, and to
give them full credit for what they
accomplish. And I can also add
that I am ln the fight to the end
against the maladministration, Incompetence, mismanagement, red
tape of the S. S. K., which makes
thc returned soldier settler a slave
of the board, Instead of him getting the freedom for which he
And to bring this issue beforc
the public, ulso the "Sayward scandal," and my standing ns a roturned soldier, and my actions toward
the-returned men, I challenge Capt.
Brown or any other official of the.
Soldier Settlement Board to meet
me on the public platform in Vancouver to debate the above issues,
I will provido the hall.
her youth, whieh might still be lingering in her cranium?
Again I have somewhere read of
a noble queen, who kissed thc grand
Vizier (a Job identical with that
which John holds down), where
she knew the king could see her
performance, and her object was
to hang the said gentleman's hide
upin the fence. But perish the
Sir. this U a cold and cruel world.
To the vIllot It Is Jake, to the vanquished; lt Is hell. The poor maid-j
eh who' was stricken down In thtj
battle has no consolation. No H^-i
ctileah arms to clasp hei* to a coU
lossal breast; no alfalfa covered
mug to kiss away her tears, just b^e-j
Cause she was born a Tory. '' j
Now, Mr, Editor, while this to
you may seem a frivolous affairj
straws indicato the way the wind
blows, and we denizens of the jungle have had so much put over us
of late, that wn are sttsniclous on
any new twists ln the crooked poll-!
tlcal trail, and if John ls llkfcly to
throw a monkey wrench Into oui'
righteous Institutions, such as
Trotsky Free Love, or shorter
hours and more pay for the plugsi
we want to know lt, if It is only another Instance of old fools for d-d
fools, and nothing to lt after all.
Yours truly,
Johusky   Klsskynl   Mary   Ellensky
"Three times the blinded cat
hath mewed."—Ssakespeare.
Editor B. C. Federationist: As
an unsophisticated denizen of the
hinterland, I would like to ask you
sir, what thc kissing activities of
Honest John portend.
As an editor', you arc presumed
to know all about these things, and
If true, as sometimes hinted, you
are familiar with the nocromantle
orgies of the Reds, you should be
able to divine the future, and enlighten my darkness.
From the limited information I
have on the subject, kissing Is
In old times, kings used to kiss
sometimes quite a serious business,
each other, and during the epera-
tlon, the k!ss-ee would get a knife
Inserted between his short ribs. It
Is also quite an Important preliminary in the propagation of the
species, Judas also was some kisser, and there Is "kissing thg blarney stone." How would you classify this affairs of John's?
Is this kissing performance to be
In future established as a reward
Cor female grit candidates, who are
successful at the polls? In that
case, we may expect a regular epidemic of old maids and fair widows
at the next election. As elections
are rather uncertain, John may be
obliged to call some of his ministers to his assistance. This may he
rather embarrassing to some of
them, lt might be better to create
u "Kissing Portfolio," and make
room for Mac again. There Is nothing in his record tu make him
Ineligible for that job.
Again, was the kissing episode
Intended as a reward of merit, or a
penalty pS success, or a momentary reversion to the oavo man, the
spontaneous outCDmo of a coquettish glunce of the lady? Or ean.lt
be that the lady wished to try thi'
alfalfa once again; or was It a
sttbtjo scheme of "Honest John" to
remove any of the radical Idivu n_
Cool Prices
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Reading a few woeks ago the facts and
figures presented to thc readers of
The Federatlonist by M. B. Cotsworth, re the capitalization of Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir) Llinit-
ed, by twenty-five millions, may be
an eye-opener for some of the consumers of Vancouver and elsewhere, but the observant miners
have known this ever since the
deal betwoen McKenzle, Mann and
Dunsmuir was put through, and we
are also convinced that It was this
over capitalization along with American financial intrigues, that
caused the lockout in 1912, which
resulted in a two years' struggle
betweon the miners and operators,
yvhlch ended with the Canadian
Collieries verging on bankruptcy;
the miners beaten, clubbed and
starved, and the shameful retrenchment of the U. M. W. of A. The
readers of The Federatlonist having seen Cotsworth's figure*, a ffvw
figures from the miners will do no
harm, hut help to enlightim their
fellow- slaves who ore working ln
other industries, and have to purchase coal at an exorbitant price,
and also to give them and the un-
tnlnkinp miners an Idea of the rate
of exploitation that Is taking place,
by the coal companies, shipping Interests and wholesale dealers.
The miners here are supposed to
be paid 84 cents per lontj ton for
coal; $4 per yard for rock, an3
other foreign material that Is in the
coal. Besides this, they hava a
42.08  per day high cost of liv'ng
tlon for use, will displace production for proflt,
Tlio League of Nations
Editor B. C. Federationist: I
can't agree with you whenyou say
that tho League of Nations has nothing to do with the workers of
this or any other country.
The war Just fought cost tho
lives of some 15,000,000 workers,
caused want and misery to many
millions more, and tho toll has not
[.•yet.qeased being collected. During
.the >war the people were awakened
to enquire, why tho cause of so
many wars? And/the answer was
•found to be the fault of national
(goyornments. It was found that
national governments in their relations, ono with another, were
without governments of any kind,
II was found that national governments, any government could on
the slfmmest pretext or no pretext
whatever, declare war on any other
(-.government, and plunge the workers /-under these governments Into
on-orgy of blood and rapine. The
icaupe may be that some drunken
•tool has spit or trampled on a national flag. And sullied the- house
of the nation whoso flag has been
desecrated (which can only be
cleared with the blood of the subjects of the other national government). Or It may be as In the case
of Germany, a capitalistic desire
to subject all the world to pay tribute to the Germnn workers and
people. The best thought throughout the world eame to the conclusion that Bome form of governing
law over national governments was
absolutely necessaryy to the peace
of mankind, thc League of Nations
covenant was the result. The
League of Nations has no business
to Interfere tn the internal affairs
of any country only in their external affairs between governments
and thero only when those affairs
conflict with international law. *
The Irfw has no power over' me
If I In no way come In conflict with
the law. If I make a. legal agreement to pay some man nt a certain
date some money and keep the
agreement, the law don't affect me.
But If I refuse or neglect to keep
the agreement, the other party
need have no dealings of any kind
with me. He colls on the law, and
the law makes me keep to the letter of my agreement, with additional costs as a reminder to keep
future agreements. The powers of
the whole people are behind the
low to protect.me if I do right, and
against me If I do wrong. The law
draws Its powers from the people
In this way. Take tho two crimes
of murder and theft, for an Illustration. In the organization of society, the workor foupd that he
could not produce his dally sustenance If he had to go armed, ond
judge and believo that every person he met or had dealings wltb
Recites Experience Witn
Her Husband in His
Many Trials
bonus, when this ia all pal l0B0^«f Jft waltlnB ,in opportunity to
ther on a G-ton per day baste, an df*"1 him mi **-** "™" hls *"0"»:
one-half yard per day, it will average around $l.r>2 per ton, but it by
no way menns thAjt the miner receives this clear, for out of this he
has to buy powder, pay for the repairs of his tools, doctor, hospital,
Itaht nnd several other things, to
say nothing of being short-weiicht-
ed and docked for rock. After
having fead these few figures, il
will be clear to see that after pnying all.company workers and deadheads that the coal will be put on
the boats at Union Bay at less than
$4 per ton. And now It is up to
Mayor Gale and other cheap coal
hunters to do the rest. But the
writer has a hunch thjtt when that
invislbtc hand Is raised to tell him
that he has gone far enough, ho,
too, will go and investigate sugar
ur something elso.
For during this olection cam-i
p;.ign, some of the officials of the
Canadian Collieries were canvassing for the Conservative Purty, because the Liberals were not friendly towards the Canadian Collieries.
And here arises, a question. If
prices can Hso to such exorbitant
heights, with an unfriendly government in power, what would they
be with a friendly onc? But it
isn't governments that fixes prices,
It Is the law of supply and demand, assisted by monopolies. AndJ
this being so, and labor power- a
commodity that, sells on the markot as coal or any other commodity, and fluctuates in tho samo
manner, and this being so. then
why not join tho One Big L'nion,
and make a. monopoly of the
world's labor power, not only to
raise wages, but to prepare our-
selvos for. the  dny when  produc-
and to be always ready to defend
his life and property, and kill
whom ho judged detrimental to
the safety of the same. So the
workers met together ln council,
nnil formed a covenant to resign
Hi rights of judgment and powers
of offenco and defence in regard to
their life and property, theso powers being conferred on the covenant .forming what we know as the
law and Its power.
I It will be seen that a person under this covenant who carries a
concealed weapon with the Intension of exercising any of the pow-
■ers conferred on the law and no
moro possessed by him, ls committing a crime against tho whole people who are relying on the law as
their security. He is a. potential
murderer whom tho law should
'deal Vlth as such. Or a person
who learns tho manly art of self-
■fenco with the intention of protecting himself or beauty In distress,
or tho weak against the strong, Is
In fact a potential lawbreaker to
whom tho law should teach understanding.
- The covenant of the League of
Nations Is Intended to be a covenant of this sort. The national goy-
enrments are In tho ab'oHgliifl.1
stale, that the workers were many
thousands of years ifffo, ami unless
tho workers force their governments through lho force of public
opinion to resign their sovereign
rights of judgment and powers of
offenco and defence to the law cnlled tho covenant of tho Loagi f
Nations, a repetition of the pnst
sevon years muy be oxpected any
Had No Desire for Vengeance—Wanted Yoke
(By Rosa Laddon/sttfff ioWfesijondJ
ent for the \%derated'Press)
Washington.— With 'jrtttfabrdln-i
ary simplicity and directness and
a calm that moved the big audi-'
cnee to hushed reverence, Murlal
MacSwiney, widow of the martyred lord mayor of Cork, told her
story before the American Commla.
sion on conditions'In Ireland, now
sitting at Washington.
"Women in Ireland do not weep
now," said the young widow, and
she proved lt by a three-hour recital of her brief married life, In
which every hour of happiness was
purchased at the risk of arrest and
possible death for her husband,
culminating in the final tragedy of
Terence MacSwlncy's fatal seventy-
four day hunger strike.
Calmest There
Murlal MacSwiney was easily the
calmest person in the large hall.
Her clear, childlike voice, her
brave, fleeting, vivid smile and up*
turned eyes—vlslonlng something
beyond her audience—made strong
men and women 'turn their heads
away and dry their eyes.
"He hoped his sacrifice would
strengthen the struggle for Irish
freedom," she concluded simply;
and when Senator Walsh, of the
commission, asked If It would not:
be welt for American organizations
to extend Immediate relief to the
starving women and children in
Ireland, under the organized terror and blockade existing there,
she replied quickly:
'That would be welcome. But
what we want more Is our freedom,
As between food and recognition,
the Irish women, the Irish people,
would choose recognition flrst."
'The Women of Ireland are organized as ..well as the men, and
their attitude Is one of solidarity,
Bhe added. "They have steeled
themselves to meet hunger and suffering, and to endure the torments
of losing their loved ones, .
The women of Ireland seldom weep
Woman's Part hi Struggle
Muriel MacSwlncy's harratlvo
was the story of the struggle for
human freedom everywhere, and
perhaps more particularly worn
an's part in the struggle.
"The flrst glimpse my husband
had of our baby, Moira, was ln
prison," she said. "I had gone to
Cork two weeks before the baby
was born because it wos his wiah
that our child should be born on
Irish soil. 'There it will have Its
work to do for Ireland,' he said.
. . . When she was six weeks
old I took her to Belfust, where
her father had beon transferred.
Every day during my stay I took
hor to the jail, and I suppose she
was the youngest human being
ever in that place. I am sure It
wus not good for a baby.
"I saw very, very little of my
husband. You see, he was an Important person, and so he was always either in some English prison
or expecting to be arrested by the
English at any time And
he wus so ."ond of his home and pf
his baby?* she added softly, wtth
that vivid smile that seemed to
embroce every person in the hall.
"How familiar it all sounds," a
Russian woman whispered to her
neighbor. "When you're fighting
for freedom It doesn't seem tu mat.
tor much under what form of government you live. The form of
persecution is always tho same."
Replying to Frank P. Walsh's
question, Mrs. MacSwiney said she
herself had always hud Republican ideals. "All my life I could
never understand why there should
be rich people and poor people.
One could see children naked and,
starving. I saw that charity did!
no good, and I realized that It wns
the business of governments to
make real adjustments. I saw that
English rule in Irelund was perpetuating that sort of thing, and
that the flrst step toward establishing conditions of equality In Ireland must be the securing of our
own government."
With her flowor-like head ^ held
If anything a little moro erect,
above the bowed heads of her listeners, Mrs. MacSwiney told of her
moeting Terenco MacSwInoy for
thc first time at Christmas, 1915.
A month lator he was arrested and
held without trial for a whole
month. He was again arrested
after the Easter Insurrection
(1910), and held until Christmas
without trial.
All Ireland In Jail
"It Beemed that the whole of
Ireland was in jail at that time,"
she remarked, quietly. "We were
married In June, 1917, In an English prison; but we hud an Irish
priest and a ceremony wholly in
Gaelic. ... I want to toll you
that my husband and I always
spoke Irish-Gaelic—and our little
daughter has never been taught.
English," jihe added, a triumphant |
smile Illuminating her bountiful
face. Then she continued still
more softly:
"My husband wm held in Jail a
lew weeks longer, and when he
was released wc went to the country, in Galingarry, and stayed for
three months. That was the only
period we spent togothor; that and
the Christmas of 11*17, the only
Christmas we hod together. For
even when my hutfband was not in
prison it was too dangerous for Mm
to Sleep nt home. The English
seem to prefer to surprise our men
In the night. One Is rarely arrested on tho strijet in daylight.
"When my husband was In lirlx-
ton  jnll,"   she  said,   wistfully  and
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almost lnaudlbly, "It wae really
better than at any time during our
marriage, for there I could see him
every day^ . . . But it wae terrible to fee him suffering; to see
the change In. him from day to
"The first day I arrived at the
prison the doctor told me to get
my husband to take food because
a longer hunger strike, he explained, would have a very bad
effect upon the health of our children. I told him I knew that
when I married Terence MacSwiney. lt was a matter of conscience."
The hushed atmosphere suddenly became suffocating, but this
marvellous slip of a girl went on
"Yes, I was reconciled. I knew
at his last trial that he was going
to die, and I became reconciled
to It. During the long days of his
hunger strike I felt that I could
not go on with lt, hut my hus-
band'B wonderful spirit helped me.
He radiated happiness and contentment even when dying. He was
dying for a divine cause,
"My husband was a very honest
and courageous man; but his chief
characteristic was charity. He did
not hate any one. He never had
any desiro fur vengeance even
against England. AH that he desired was that England should get
out of Ireland and be Ireland's
friend. 'Our contest is not one of
vengeance, but pf endurance,'" he!
said. !
"When the sentence of two years
was read to him at his last trial!
he said—-anjl the young widow's
voice did not falter, while many in
the audience sobbed audibly and
one woman fainted—'I don't mind
hearing it, for within a month I
shall be free.'"
diately aftei* the fall of the*8ov|«l
government, and haa now b*M
condemned by the Horthy coeit
The Budapest papera were not At*
lowed t0 print accounts of the ti M|
A few .days ago saw the be*tt>
nlng of the fifth month of the fa**
clcal trial In Budapest ot the tUt
cabinet membera of'the Bela Km
government. The taking of evidence haa been concluded, and ttft
expected that the end may bt
reached within a few weeks.
London—Unemployment tncreel.
es here marked by such Incidents
as the seizure of empty houses by
the starving and homeless, and tfce
seizure of the large municipal hall
at Tottenham, where some hundreds of the men hava camped out,
ahd arrangements are being made
by the unemployed committee to
supply them with meals. JU Coventry, the council's meeting was
interrupted by unemployed, who
shouted from the gallery. "We sf«
hungry—we want work, not doles?*
Ten Cabinet Ministers or Bela Kun
Government Being Tried
By Horthy Court
Vienna—Word has Just reached
here from Budapest of the trial and
sentencing of twelve years imprl-
sonmenfUt hard labor of Alexander Varjas, former professor of
philosophy at tlie Budapest University, on charges of treason and
concealing stolen   property.
Professor Varjas had charge of a
propaganda department for the
scientific equipment of ugitators
during the Bela Kun regime In
Hungary-   He was arrested Imme-
A Large, Ellalent, ud Expert
Staff give. In.tructlon In the.
fallowing branches:'
Practical Assaying, Prospect*.
ing and Surveying.
Anyono fatenited is mining will
flnd the., duttl flf undoubted
.dv.nt.ff. in deciding Ht. r.l.ti».
vshtes of thoir pro.poct. on tb.
Por puttadsn, write er phene M
tl. rrtaeipH, P. t. BAtM.
8.C School ef
Pharnicy & Sriace
•15 Pettier Street Weet
Vancouver, B. C.
Vhostf Sey. 1UO
• r
Phon. Soymour 71.»
Third   Ploor,   World   Building.   T»
eouvor, B. 0,
Machinery unnecessary. Our guaranteed formulas start
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ana Kon-alcohoUc wlaet tl tU
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We klways carry In itock r good
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linoleum and medium priced carpet
n<|iiares, rug?., etc. We can nave you
money as we aru out (if tho high rent
Dr. De Van's French Pilla
A reliable Regulating 1'ill for Women, fS
■ boi. Hold at all l>ntR Stores, or mailed
to any addrea* on receipt of price. Vbt
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it our coal is not satisfactory to you, after you
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You to be the sole judge.
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of pries, Tbe Scobell Drug Oo., St. Oath*
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Union Official., wrlln for ptlotl.    We
On ead afttr Jan. 1. 1S20, wa wlU A.
located at 1129 HOWE ST.
For Twenty Taara wa baaa issnad this Union Stamp for nsa under onr
Pwotful Collective Bargaining
Forbids Both Strlkos and Lockout!
piBputas Settled by Arbitration
Study Employment and ShllHid Workmamhl)
Prompt Deliveries to Dealers and Public
Peace and Succ«a to WorKers and Employers i
Prosperity of Shoe Slaking Communities
As loyal nnlon men and women, we atk
you to demand shoes bearing the above
Uuion Stamp on Sole, Insole or Lining.
Oollis LoT?ly, General president.    Charles L. Balne, Oeneral Bee-Tree*. YA-- E1UHT
twelfth year. No. 5.     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA fJSLUflKATIUJNlSX     Vancouver, b. a
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Auxiliary to Meet Sunday
The Women'a Auxiliary of the
O. B. U. will not meet on Friday,
but a special meeting will be held
in Pender HaU on Sunday, December 26, at 3 p. m.
How to get it and how to
keep IL
Dr. W.Lee Holder
Hours, 1-5; Mon,, Wed., Frl.,
Bay. 4023K.
Sey. 8533
Fairfield Building
Oorner Oranvillo and Ponder
Australia Has
. Communist Party
(Continued from page 1)
capitalist system. While the Communist party endorses parllament-
arylsm for revolutionary purposes,
it does not exclude from Its ranks
those holding contrary views, providing that they submit to party
The Socialist Labor party had Issued a repudiation of the new party
and warns the workers to have nothing to do with it, claiming that
It is not only unscientific but that
it provides an excellent cover for
polico spies and agents-provocateurs from which they can work to
the detriment of the workers. The
Australian Labor party la also op
posed to the formation of the new
Hank's hired man pays: "Them
prophets who were tellin* oight
months ago thnt all wu needed wuz
more production ain't makln' a lot
of nolze explalnin' these daya."
(Continued from Page I)
B.   U.   Unit  Would
Like Constitution
Z;i spite of the depression three
UOW members were admitted to
the General Workers' Unit of tho
O. B. U. at the regular meeting on
Wednesday night. While clue, no
doubt, to the holiday activities,
there was not as largo an attendance as usual, the meeting was in-
l< resting and much business wus
Owing to the necessity of mak-
■inysome1 changes with respect to
tlii* officers of th£ unit, lt was deolded to leave tne nomination of
tho officers to a special-called meeting to be held on the 12th of January. The committee appointed
to count the ballots on the amendments to the constitution reported
thut ull  amendments had  carried.
The smoker committee reported
that all accounts had- not yet bcen
settled and requested that members having tickets or money for
them turn the tickets and money in
at onee to the committee so that
a final report could be made.
A resolution calling for _. an
amendment to the constitution restricting officers from holding paid
positions for more than one year
was endorsed. A special committee was appointed to draft thc reasons for this amendment so that
It could be sent to all units of
the O. B. U. for endorsatlon.
Russians Ordered to Be
Deported by Officials
Are  Now  Free
i   Christmas, 1920
art '
We desire to thank all our
patrons for past favors and
extend to all, our sincere
wishes for a happy Christmas
and a prosperous New Year.
(Continued from page 1)
113 HASTINGS ST. WEST Sey. 13«1
case, thus preventing further evidence of possibly a still more
damning nature.
Appeal to Fan 1;
Attorney-General Farris was
next appealed to for a new prosecution of Dourasoff for further
perjury in denying on oath that he
had been in trouble in Saskatchewan on a "white slavery" charge,
as proved by tho records of the
Saskatchewan police. Mr. Farris,
however, apparently anticipated
another failure to convict, and
nothing was done. Tho two
"agents'-'-were within the next few
days removed  to  distant pastures.
In additional to the criminal proceedings, Mr. Itublnowltz In November, li)19, endeavored to reverse the deportation sentence by
habeas corpus proceedings before
Judge Morrison. Here too, however, he was up against the unwillingness of the judge to question in any way the legality of the
immigration proceedings, although
Mr. Rubinowitz insisted that they
were in direct contradiction of
British law, the government being
virtually prosecutor, judge and
jury, all In ono.
Further Efforts
In spite of the apparent hopelessness of the situation, counsel
acting [or the defense committee
made further efforts during the
summer, when he personally laid
the matter before ministers at
Ottawa. Finally, when immigration minister J. A. Calder visited
Vancouver with Premier Meighen a
few weeks ago, Mr. Rubinowitz
nnd members of the defense committee had a personal interview
with him and obtained a promise
that he would look more fully into
the matter than he had done hitherto, as he did not wl !i :o be i
party to any such l"" •:■='.;'■ w *'yv
assured hirii had been committed
Iii tliis case.
Since his return, thero has been
further correspondence, with the
result that he has at last been prevailed on to order the release of
thc prisoners os stated above.
The men were to have been released on Monday, but apparently
those ln chargo forgot all about it
till asked for explanations. On
Tuesday afternoon, the prisoners
were brought over from New West
minster by the Mounted Police and
released after signing the necessary
papers at the Immigration offlce.
The ultimate outcome of the long
struggle on behalf of these men is
of course gratifying to a degree.
At the same time it has cost
largo amount of money as well as
unstinted labor and perseverance,
the men are, howevor, facing the future as cheerfully as
can bc expected, showing apparently no bitterness or resentment,
although seemingly' still puzzled as
to why sueh misfortune should
have fallen upon them.
They seem to havo. been decently treated, on th6 whole, during their long captivity; but still,
"It was gaol," as one of them succinctly remarked to a question on
the point, und tho answer Is no
doubt quite sufficient for those who
Charged I'fider Medical Act with
Butting Into Preserves of
Medical Profession
Dr. Elmo Marshall, a member of
the chiropractic profession in thc
city of Vanoouver, hus gone to jail
rather than pay a fine of f 100 for
practicing dlUgless healing contrary to the Medical Act. Drs.
Con tes, Campbell and Kidd wore
charged with tho same crime. (?)
but paid the fine, IM, Morshull preferring ti) go to jaii for 30 days
rftther than pay tho hue, which ho
alleges go to the "(.tool pigeons" of
the Medical Association. There are
several more crimes to appear In
court on the sume charge, all of
which do not take kindly to the
menacing competition of the drug
loss healers. These latter aro not.
evon allowed to advertise their
profession, because hu doubt th.
financial loss lo peddlers of the
stuff that 'ti-op most people sick,
and lo those who piaci;: the urt
of handling sick people with all
mnnner of concoctions, would indeed be menacing In the years to
como, should the drugless healing
profession become as widely known
as It Is entitled to be.
British Spy Plot on
Irish Is Exposed
(Continued from Page 1)
ment committees for the state of
affairs now existing amongst the
over-producers. Most of the victims of the unemployment situation are reported to be returned
soldiers,—-the heroes of a hundred
buttlefronts, who cannot now take
a flsh supper, thc whole bunch «f
them. Not so many years ago -a
certain soction of these . same
heroes were gallantly storming Socialist headquarters in Toronto and
Winnipeg and destroying books
containing knowledge that had it
been in thoir heads might have
proved more serviceable than their
silly songs of "Packing up their
troubles in thcir old kit bags." At
any rate they had better get busy
getting out iheir old kit bags again,
as the outlook seems to rail for un
extended fall back on this.philosophy of resignation. Capitalism is
not able to overcome the difficulty.
There are forces inherent In the
system that make for Its downfall and - certain sections of the
working class have realized the
difficulty. The speaker then devoted a little time to considering
the superior and methodical ways
of the Anglo-Saxon, who loathes
revolution, but finds his practical
mind leading him to the formation
of committees for semiring cheap
doughnuts and the occupying of
libraries instead of good comfortable hotels which were just as near
at hand. His practical mind evidently assists him to select his objective more carefully than such
ignorant peoples as the Russians,
and . the poor foreign devils.
Whilst the development of this system was gradually drawing the
class lines, the capitalist-class was
also bringing Into piny a shrewd
businesslike element to combat thc
rising revolutionary elements. We
havo to pit the brains pf the workers against the brains of cupltal-
Modern war is the safest gamo
In.the world and the great, commanders are only seen nowadays
at the "head" of an army when It
Is In retreat. No matter what happens to the rank and file, the real
capitalist "heroeB" always land
safely in Paris,- London or Berlin.
A running comment on Irish
affairs and the explanation that
Sinn Fein being a nationalist
movemont cannot be -considered in
Its prosent state as basically
revolutionary from a working-class
That the crimo wave in New
1'ork was nothing uncommon in
the world's history was shown by
reference to Buckle's "Hlstoiy of
Civilization,'1 wheie lt is>j (Stated
these phenomena are always in
evidence after a great war and peculiarly aggravated economic tcoii-
ditions affecting vast portions of
the population of any country.
The yellow peril in the United
States and the experience of: the
vfc^ms of the last war who went
away "Hating the Hun and oame
baek hating the Y. M. C. A." might
be repeated on the Doughboy 'with
his anti-Asiatic hate. The futility
of reform and the reminder that
the demands now so wildly clamored for are harking back to the
eight-hour-day of the thirteenth
century and the almost forgotten
demands of Chartism In England.
An intelligently organized working
class can only laugh at such ridiculous demands at this stage of
Whilst Santa Claus makes his
exit on Saturday night, Oomrade
Kavanagh will make his appearance on tho Empress platform on
Sunday evening.
(Continued from' page I)
wero made, and appeared to be
the general consensus of opinion,
Thc miners, however, decided to
engage Alex. Henderson, K. C, of
Victoria, to institute proceedings
to collect the wages, and if that
falls—Well, that will have to be
told in nnother story. Sain
Guthrie, M, L. A. for Newcastle,
and T. A. Barnard of New Westminster, took pnrt in the discussion. Andrew Dean acted as
chairman and John McMillan as
secretary. Another meeting will be
held In Nanaimo Monday at 1 p.m.
an Irish society ln this city. As
we have no proof that the man
actually had them sent we refuse
to publish his name for the present. (Miss O'Brennnn is a slBter-
in-law of Ed mond Kent, one of the
most striking figures In the rising
of Easter Week. She has been an
excellent worker In the Irish cause
und amongst other things organized the Irish pickets in Washington, D. C)
Ather letters follow In the snme
strain; the Knights of tho Red
Branch and the Womon's Irish
Education League being constantly
referred to as the "real criminals."
Individuals figure here and there
as being dangerous and acting
suspiciously.   .
Here is an extract that comos
the other way—from the Director
to tho local Agent: Blank (a detective who Since died) "buncoed
me. He got three thousand dollars for a letter that he told me
he had stolen from Cyrano (code
name for a San Francisco Irishman
'marked' by tho British Government). As a matter of fact he
told him all about being ln my
employ and gave him Information
that hurt us and got the letter In
exchange. Ke was hitting the high
spots at te time and the letter
turned out to be a remarkable
clever forgery or wo would have
gotten value for It. You seem to
me to be following his example, or
at all events you are being tricked;
the stuff you sent mo was never
written by him, worso luck."
Enter "Koala dames"
Over two months ngo Edward
Gammons, who is well known In
labor circles on the Pacific Coast,
was approached by an agent of tho
United States Government In San
Francisco, who told him that a
friend of his was to make an offer
to him (Gammons) and that ho
was anxious that Gammons should
accept. A lew days later "Captain
Thompson" appeared and asked
Gammons to act as a spy upon the
Irish in San Francisco. Gammons
asked for time to think it over.
On the next visit of "Thompson'
Gammons accepted jvith apparent
reluctance and was told that his
salary would be $50 a week to
start, and that if he made good he
could command his own price
practically. The fifty dollnrs was
paid over and Gammons showed
the money to an Irishman who hnd
gone bail for some of the prisoners in the De Lacy case and told
him the purpose of it. Then oom-
'menced a most amazing correspondence. "Thompson" returned to
Vancouver nnd gave Gammons as
the address that would reuch him,
"Miss Rosie James, Post Ofllce Box
638, Vancouver." Every other day
Gammons sent to "Rosie" a most
wlerd concoction of "Irish aetivities" and In reply got not only his
salary but various sums for Imaginary expenses. But always in
"Rosie's" letters was an appeal to
get on the inside, to get into the
Knights of the Red Branch, and lt
"would be woll worth his while."
"What was De Lacy doing, what
were the women doing und who
was financing the Women's
League? Uct inside." If Gammons could start trouble "Rosie"
would guarantee plenty of support
from public men on the outside fo
break up the organization. They
hnd lots of funds; a scandal about
funds would be good, or something
"raw" when MacSwiney died. Per-
Mayor Clarke Loses by
Narrow Vote After
Two Years
Official returns of the Edmonton
municipal election show that Candidate D. M. Duggan, of the "Citizens" ticket, received a majority of
563 over Jos. A. Clarke, candidate
of the Dominion Labor Party. The
total vote cast for mayor was 14,-
5GS, of which Duggan received
7537, Jos.' A Clarke, 6974 and A.
Stimmel, 47.
The votes for aldermen are- as
fallows: Adair, 7023; McLennan,
f.il.iG; Richurds, 6385; Collissotl,
6280; MeArthur, 567». McCoppen
(Labor), 5473; Bolleau (Labor),
5138; Spoor, 5111; Farmilo (Labor), 4638; Knott (Labor),
4625; Murray (Labor), T»674; Latham, (Labor), 4812; McKenzie,
3040; Ritchie, 1610; White, 957;
King, 760. Thc first six were declared elocted, of which McCoppen
ls the only candidate of tho Do-
miniin Lubor Party,
For school trustees, Mrs, Bishop
came first, with 6988; Ren, 6761;
Alexander, 671J; Williams (Labor),
5500; Crang (Labor), 5444; Heron
(Labor), 4137. Tho flrst three aro
With tho holdovers the council
for next year will be composed of
seven capitalist party candidates
and threo Labor. The school board
will be composed of four capitalist and three Labor.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
The Largest Exclusive Men's and Boys' Shoe Store in the West
Men's Brown
Calf Boots
Comes in dark brown, narrow or medium toes, solid
leather soles, union made shoes that will hold their own
in materials, style, fit and all around quality against similar type;; at higher prices elsewhere.
Cornett Bro§. & Clarke
W. E. Fcnn's School
Phones: Sey. 101—Sey. 3058-O
Social Dances Monday, AVcdnes-
day and Saturday.
to you nml
your.; the
With present joys may happy
Your  life  both   bless and
And    spoed    your    foet   on
sunny slopes
Throughout    the    coming
V** Limited
Largest Halters in tlie West
Vancouver Winnipeg
Hnmilton ,
Christmas comes
but once a year
BUT it ties the bonds of our friendships in the
past with those of them that await us in
the future, and unites in one accord of good-
fellowship the year-round service of the Dick
Our sincere wishes for a
Happy Christmas and a
Prosperous New Year are
extended to you all.
45-47-49 Hastings St. East
hnps they could be Induced to attack the British Embury In San
Francisco at the death of MacSwiney as the Sun Tbentre had
previously been wrecked. Anyhow,
get Inside and soe. Such was the
burden of Rosie's letters and conversations, for "Rosie," using the
name of Morris R. James, came
bnck to San Francisco and went
to Los Angeles ln search of other
ngents. The method pursued in
making appointments was in-
genlus: A letter reached the agent
under an assumed nnme to meet
"Rouie" in the hall of the Flood
Building. At the Flood Building
"RoBie" passed his man and whispered the name of a hotel and
was followed there. A room had
already been engaged in the hotel
for the interview. Never did the
charming "RoBie" have the interview in the hotel where he stayed,
and sometimes the notes were
written on stationery purloined
from a third hotel. Gammons took
the name of "Harriman" and his
nddress was General Delivery, Snn
New Proposition Submitted
Finally Gammons got tired  ond
told "Rosie" that he was already
In with the Knights of   the   Red
Branch. Then came a new proposition.     A   man   who   represented
himself as from the English Em-
bossy at Washington and who was
"Rosie's"   boss,   turned   up   with
"Rosie"  nnd Haw Gammons at a
garage near the Cliff House.   Gammons was asked to go to Ireland,
first getting a letter from De Lacy
I that would be "vised" ln New York
by Mellows or Behind.   In Irelnnd
' he wns to find oift the dangerous
j men and tip off    n    Government
[ agent who would deul with them.
He would point out the men and
the Black and Tans would shoot
Gammons consented to go, but
stipulated a good price. He was
offered a salary of $400 a week
from the time he left San Fran
cisco, to continue for any period
ho might hnve to remnln in New
York. On his arrival ln Ireland
now nnd generous arrangement
would be made. In addition, he was
to get an endowment policy of ten
thousand dollars. Gammons Insisted on getting ready money and
was given, after some bargaining,
a sum of $1,200.
Off for Ireland
Finally a day was set for "Harriman" (Gammons) to go to New
York with an Irish Republic* passport reudy for him. Then "Rosie1
wont back to Vancouver. Then
from New York telegrams in code
were sent saying, "I have a chance
to go by the underground route
day after tomorrow. If I don't go
then cannot get away for four
weeks. Wire salary to Western
Union ofllce at Thirty-flfth und
Broadway. Iden tin cation easy."
Then the reply, which was in the
same code, was sent. It rends, "On
no account rush mutters. Report
progress dully by letter. Am mailing money."
The humor of the situation was
that "Koslo" promised Harriman
that If he (Harriman) desired It,
"Uoslo" could havo bim deported
and lt would look better to tho
Sinn Feiners. He was constantly
boasting of his superiority over the
American "Dicks" which de describod as a bunch of idiots, and
mentioned that he had secured a
circular Issued by tho Department
of J.uslico as to the dangerous men
who wero to be watched. Some of
these men he thought might be
useful to spy upon America. He
also asked Gammons to report anything he could flnd out about
Tho Hubble Bursts
Meanwhile, through a rival of
Gammons for the good things of
the world, the bubble burst, and
"Rosie" discovered that Harriman
really .never had any Intention of
going to Ireland, immediately a
letter reached Harriman from a
United States secret service agent
asking him to call immediately at
his ofllce.
It ls not known what subsequently happened, arid the wires
that reached San Francisco are
Fncro sanct and "Rosie's" code is
"unplckable." It Is certain that
tho British Govornment ls now delighted with its clever agent.
For tho moment we refrain from
Hiving more particulars In the case,
but we may say that "Rosie" was
a pressman while ln San Francisco, and frequently stated that
tho British Consul hore informed
him thnt he hoped thnt tho Irish
women would not picket him.
i National Hotel
On Granville Street
Vancouver's largest Popular Priced Hotel
Remodelled and Redecorated Throughout
Phones 7930-31-32
Mrs.  Henderson  Speaks
on How the Other
Half Lives f
Mrs. Henderson, speaking at
the Columbia last Sunday, stated
that the recent published statement
of the Bank of Montreal furnished
a good document from wliich to
draw an Illustration in a general
way, without attacking individuals
lh particular.
The affairs of the bank wero in
flrst class shape on account of prevailing high ratea of Interest,
which no doubt accounts for the
14 per cent, dividend, together with
a 2 per cent, bonus, making a total
of 16 per.cent, return for the year's
transactions. The hanking system
being the greatest power on earth
and we have seen the powers of
government lessen, and the powers
of financial Intorests increase. When
the French government sent their
envoys to negotiate a loan, thnt envoy wont to the J. P. Morgan Co.
and the doal was put through in
the private house of that gentleman.
Tho small business men have got
to get down and study thoir position. There have been 150 more
failures this year than Inst year,
due to restricted credits, and the
consolidation of big business interests force the small operator to
hang on like grim death, but he
keeps slipping and slipping bnck
into the ranks of the workers.
Just as sure us the Interests pull
the atrlngs to which legislative
groups twitch,, just us sure do the
Interests determine the price that
tho retailer buys and sells his
goods, hence to a great extent the
business men are but mere wage
earners, only they do not recognize the fnct.
Sir Goorge Paish In a latter day
roview of the collapse of the financial system maintained thut thc
process of modern banking ■ was
legalized counterfeiting.
Farmers produce and thc intorests determine tho price* that the
process shall market for, and the
banks play no small part in the
determination of thc market prices
by the juggling of credits.
The report goes on to state that
iu Em-ope only ' one nation ln
twelve was solvent, and the significant fact presents itself that Canada has 320 million in paper notes
in circulation, but only 90 millions
of credit back of it, muking about
28 cents on the dollar collateral,
which spells insolvency.
The speaker went on to point out
the misery under which tho wage
slaves exist, and on points of merit
commend themselves for publicity,
but space is not available, but despite all bank reports of prosperity
we flnd that the producers own
less und the exploiter increases
his activities to such ,i degree that
the actual groups that control the
flnanclal situation of the world today could be housed comfortably
in a very smalt public hall.
Comrade Scrlbbons touched upon
civic administration, ana together
with Comrade Pettipiece briefly
addressed the meeting.
Seattle, Wash.—The Farmer-Labor party's candidate for governor,
Robert Bridges, received 121,371
votes In the state of Washington,
November 2, the official count, just
completed at Olympia, shows.
Hart, Republican, received 210,622;
Black, Democrat, 66,079 and Bur«
gess, Soclalest-Lubor, 1,296.
H. Walton
Specialist   In    Electrical    Treatment!,
Violet Itny nnd High  Frequency for
Jthi'umi.lm.1,   Sciatica,  Lumbago, Far
nlynis!.  Hair   and   Scalp   Treatment!,
Chronic Ailments.
Phons  Seymour 2048
IDS Hastings Street West.
Merry Christmas
for Everyone
Is Our
Sincerest Wish
. ,-•>■"
C. D. Bruce
Corner Homer and Hasting Streets


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