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The British Columbia Federationist Dec 5, 1919

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$2.00 PER YEAR,
Counsel for Prosecution
Asks That Witnesses Be
Not Tampered With
Witness Produced Who
Could Not Be Procured
at Deportation Trial
Vary Doakoff, the rating Bussian
er Asatinien girl, wu a witnoss at
tho resumed hearing of the perjury
charge agalnit Dourasoff and Both
In the police court oa Wodnesday
Ur. Bubinowiti began by ashing
about Dourasoff bringing things to
ker house.
"Yes," she said, "newspapers,all
Bussian, and ho would sit and road
themf" He had one, all covered
with marks which the witnoss described. It was to show hor slstor,
who wae out; but he wouldn't leave
it. Ho nover brought it back. On
another occasion he and her sister
were sitting together st night reading a paper with a Bussian name.
Mr. Bubinowiti: "For whom were
these papers brought t"
. Witness: "Why, my sister is tho
only ono who-reads and writes Bussian." Questioned further, ahe
■aid: "Ho read them, and told us
what things wore liko in Bussia."
Mr. Bold objected; and Mr. Bubinowitz submitted that snch matters were relevant in order to moot
tho sworn statoment of Dourasoff
that he never brought sueh papers,
but was the recipient.
Mr. Beid still objected and tho
magistrate agreed with his view.
Mr. Bubinowiti: "As to the contents of theso papers"—
Magistrate: "The quostion ii
whether he is telling the truth when
he says he didn't bring the papers
Mr. Bubinowiti:   "I don't want
to press tke matter,  Dourasoff says
there were political   meetings   and
* discussions, and  these  newspapers
were read by Chekoff, and so forth."
The niagiitrato atill demurred.
Mr.    Bubinowitz    (to   witness):
"This   newspaper   with   the   red
spots oa it; did bt tell yon any*
thing about it being a forbidden;
Witnesa:   "Ke."
, "Did you or, your sister. »»or ask
Urn   to  bring   these   newspapers
"Where did he carry themf"
"In tis right pocket."
Witness wu then   uked   about
Bussians coming to -her heme, and
she said they were mostly returned
soldiers. .
Mr. Beid blocked further questioning, and Magistrate Shaw said: "To
buk it up doesn't strengthen the
Mr. Bubinowiti: "Whore did
Dourasoff say he get those news*
Witness: "Ha told me . ke got
them from New Tork."   '
Mr. Bubinowiti:   "About meetings in June"*—
Mr. Beid:   "Now whatt"
Mr.   Bubinowiti:     "Page   ene,
Dourasoff said there was a meeting
in yeur house, when a Bus-din read
• newspaper about tke Soviet com*
mittoe in New Tork."
Witness:   "Not true."
After another objection, Mr. Bu
binowitz   continued:    "Have  you
•ver had any discussions   in   your
houso about hew to bring, about a
involution in Canada!  That's what
Dourasoff uid."
Witness:   "Not true."
Mr.   Bubinowiti:   "About   government!"
Witness:   "No."
"Ever heard Chekoff take part in
iuch discussions!"
"He couldn't, I know ke hardly
•peaks Bussian."
"How would ke speak   te   yeur
"He'd speak tkrougk ono of the
(Continued en page 3)
Attempts to la ute Marxian Economk   Velcome
at S. P. C. fc Jings
Capitalism must bd _i up for
apologists, whon old III . like Mrs.
Punkhurst can travel i ..oss continents, and entertain some of the
"upper class" at $1.10 per. She has
mado an important discovery, nothing less than that Earl Man and his
writings, were the cause of all the
strikes and industrial unrest, and
that it wu made in Qermany. Later
we shall probably be Informed that
Karl Marx and not thc Kaiser causod
the war of 1914-1918. It will take
more than Mrs. Pankhurst and tbe
Borden government to step the propaganda of Marxian Socialism. We
notive very fow of the capitalist intellectuals attempting to refute
Marxian economics, and the necessary
conclusions drawn therefrom. They
would be heartily welcome on tho
platform of tho Sunday night propaganda mootings of tho Socialist
Party of Canada. Workingmen and
women should attend the history
class on Wednesdays at 8 p.m., and
economic class Sundays at 2:30. Sunday night meetings at Kmpress, 8 p.
ro. Doors open at 7:30. Jack Kavanagh will speak Sunday.
Will. Return AU Charters
to Internationals
at Once
lnl I I . I HI I I Ull »■ ■
Workers' Liberty Bond Campaign
Troops Strung Out in a
Panic-stricken Flight
in Siberia
Stockholm.—In spite of all attempts on the pnrt of Kolchak to'
explain Mi backset at Omsk the
stinging defeat looms up as probably
the turning point of the war and
the ultimate triumph of tho Bolsheviki. It has now been learned that
11 generals, 1,000 officers and 39,-
000 troops besides 8,000 machine
guns, 30,000 uniforms, 4,000,000
rounds of ammunition, 76 locomotives and 5,000 carloads of miscellaneous war material fell into the
hands of the.Soviet forces.
So acute has become tho situation
in Siberia that it has boen. deemed I ^""^^J™ £te"
Send Greetings to the Men
on Trial and Nova
Scotia Miners
The three-day eonvention of the
eoal mining unit No. 1 of the 0. B.
U., held at Calgary, concluded its
labors on Wednesday evening. There
were in attendance 22 delegates
from the various mining camp* of
British Columbia and Alberta.
Alderman Broach called tho convention to ordor, and in a brief
speech, welcomed the delegates. V.
R. Midgley, secretary of tho 0. E.
B. of tho 0. B. U., who was presont
at the request of President Christophers, addressed the convention, and
gavo a resume of tho progress made
by the new organization sinco its
inception, Albert Gill, a returnod
soldier, and tho possessor of the
Military Medal, gained for services
in Franco, who represented tho me*
tallifcrous miners, addressed the convention on the situation at Kimberley, and the strike issuos there.
General dissatisfaction with the
International wns the gist of tho reports of the delegatus, and a strong
determination on tho part of the
rank and file to becomo a part of
tho O. B. IJ. Tho convention took
up the mattor of n constitution to
coriiply with tho 0, B, U. constitution, and a new constitution was
adoptod and the following officers
elected: Chairman of the district
board, Harry Beard Michel; secre
tary, Ed Browno, Tabor; board mem
bers, W. Sherman, Fornie; John
Brooks, Bellovue; Porcv Spohcer,
Coalhurst; Frod Whitford, Wayne;
W. Kolling, Kdmonton.
P. M. Christophers was elocted
special organizer for the northern
district, and Albort Gill, M. M., was
elected special organizer for the
Drumhollor district.
It was decidod that the annual
conventions- should be hold in 'December oach year, and that a referendum election of officers would bo
B. C. Is Getting'Into Its Stride
Wit.t. THE WOBKEBS of thii Province go orer the
top? Well, it looks like it. The Defenie Committee
in Vancouver hu to date received $7000, and many outiide points have not yet got into their itride, and no returni have been made by the committees handling the
campaign at theie placei. Britiih Columbia'i quota is
$20,000. With |7000 already in hand, and a little pub,
at least $26,000 should be raised. Many of the loggers
are lending their contributions in lump sums from the
different eamps in the most out of the way placet. This
is due to the faet that they, are reached by The Federationist. In the correapoadmce the committee has found
that non-unionist*, returned soldiers and men from all
walks of life are contributing tb the defense of the men
in Winnipeg, aad splendid aiiiitance is being rendered
by International unions in all parti of the Province, and
the Vancouver locale are not behind any other point in
the Province. Thii demonstrates that in spite of opinions
as to the O. B. V. or International unionism, the workers
are lining up in one common cause for the protection of
their fellow workeri arretted as a remit of the Winnipeg
general strike. There is now only ten days of the time
for the campaign left, and it is expected that at least
$1000 per day will be the average for the time now left
before the 16th. Outlying points may not be heard from
for some little time, so it is up to everyone to get in and
dig, and go over the top lbr liberty. Everybody get
into this campaign.  It is the business of every worker,
Says His Position As Important as That of
lively Clashes at Winnipeg Trail—Court
(Special to Ibe Federationist)
WINNIPEG, Man., Deo. 3—A
crowded court eaeh day denotes tho
intereit that haa boon aroused in
Winnipeg by the trial of the eight
Labor men charged with seditious
conspiracy. During tho last twenty-
four hours tho sheriff has been callod
to remove Mr. Cassidy, K. C, who
ii leading counsol for tho defense.
There havo beon frequent clashes between Hr. Justice Metcalfe and Mr.
Cassidy, over counsel for tho prosecution continually rending passages
from striko bulletins taken from the
context, and giving wrong impressions to the jury. However, there
has been no bloodsbod to date, and
Mr. Cassidy is still in court. On
Tuesday night, during the late session of the court, Mr. Justico Metcalfe called for the bailiff to wunovo
Mr. Cassidy, counsel for tho defense,
who calmly stated he was quite
ready for bed.
This morning, Dec. 3, he refused
to apologize, and stated that his position was quite as important as tbat
of tho judgo's, and that he would at
onco Btart habeas corpus proceedings
if ho were put in jail, aud was confident that ho would bo out -immediately. TMb incident causod great
oxcitemont in court. William Percy,
member of tho strike committee, wns
the witness on thc stand. Mr. Andrews, counsol for the prosocutiou,
wss reading from tbo Striko Bulletin and the Wostorn Labor Nows.
Mr. Cassidy insisted upon the qualifying passages being rood.
Postponed   Meeting   of
F. L. P. Debating Club
to Be Held Saturday
"Where tol" is to be the subject of Comrade E. P. Pottipiece's
addreu at the Federated Labor
-party at the National Theatre on
Sunday evening. The meeting begina with recital at 7:30 by Mr. Julian Haywood.
The meeting of the F. L. P. Debating Club, which waa postponed
from last Saturday, will be held tomorrow (Saturday) night in tbe
party rooms, 510 Dominion Building. The subject to bo dobated is,
"Bcsolved that it would bo in tbo
best intorests ef the Federated
Labor Party to adopt a reform platform." The usual address'and discussion on "rulos of ordor" will
precedo the debate.
The membors ef the Junior Labor
League are co-operating with the
members of tho Labor Party School
in arranging for a joint Christmas
concert. The school last year put
np a good programme and it is
hoped that tho concert thia year will
bo evon better. The Labor School
meets every Sunday afternoon at
2:30 p.m. in O'Brien Hall.
Lifting of Censorship Re-
Strikers in B. C. Are All
Determined  to
Stick Tight
imperative to send at onee 30,000
picked troops to extricate the Whito
Ouard from itt precarious position
betwoon Omsk and Vladivostok. The
rtmnante of Kolchak'a former wall
trained and equipped army is strung
out for milea along the Trans-Siberian railway in aU but panic stricken
Buy at a union store.
Tho following
woro cicoted m deletes  to  tbo Premier Hughes Violated Splendid Response to the
Officers Are Abo Charged
With Violation of the
Espionage Act
Bench warrants issued Wednesday
u .Uie result of secret indictments
returned by tlie federal grand jury
Tuesday, were served upon E. B.
Ault, Frank A. Bust, Georgo P. List-
man and Anna Louise Strong in the
offices of the Union Becord Wednesday.
£. B. Ault is the editor and manager of the papor, and Liftman and
Bust are 'directors. Miss Strong is
an editorial writer.
The Union Becord corporation, by
Listmnn, its president, was also cited
to appear in court to answer "espionage" charges.
Circulation Increased
The Union Becord has been allow*
ed to resume publication in its own
J riant. Tor a time it was being pub-
ished outside of Seattlo. The Seattle Union Becord has the largest.circulation of nny daily in Washington. Tho capacity of tho plant is
not enough to meet tho needs, but a
campaign is now on to raiso enough
money to equip a new plant. Ten
days after tho plant was closed down
the circulation had gone up 8,000
and was 5d,U.H0.
O. B. U. convention: P. M. Christophers, H. Beard anti John Brooks.
It was decided that all International charters were to bo returned
immediately to Indianapolis, and
mass meetings' are to be called
throughout the district to discuss
the demands on the oporators in the
impending wage scalo conforonco.
Tho domands are to bo not less than
a basic increase of 30 per cent.
Beforo tho convention closed
greetings wero sent to tho eight
men now on trial in Winnipeg, assuring them of the continuation of
the solid support of thc coal miners
of British Columbia and Alberta.
Greetings woro also sont to the
coal miners of Nova Scotia, and an
invitation to tho eastern miners to
become part of the 0. B. U. was
also forwarded.
U.-.1-1—-L-   '' K'*    ' n_n
Have you got your bond yotf If
not remember that the campaign
closes December 15. Now is the
time to do your bit.
the Free Institutions
of the Country
[By W. Francis Ahern]
Tho ideal of the peoplo of Australia, ovor sinco thoy have had a
conscious existence has been the
building up of a free, enlightened
and self-reliant community—a white
man's country—in tho Southern
Hemisphere, It formed tho first
plank of the objective of the Australian labor party, and is subscribed to by overy Australian worker. .
What does this national ideal involve f People who do not live in
Australia ean have no conception of
it. In the ilrst place it stipulates
freedom, and involves, not only personal and political froodom, but also
freedom from industrial handcuffs.
Labor in Australia, because of it, has
always fought consistently agninst
oppressive conditions of employment
It has gradually secured the enactment of a whole sheaf of ameliorative legislation, limiting hours of labor, guarding against sweating, particularly of fomalo workers, and
establishing wage tribunals.  It has
Will Hold Another Meet
ing Tonight in the
Labor Temple
Tho flrst rogular meeting ot the*
Women's Auxiliary of the O. B. U,
was held lut Friday in room 404,
Lahor Temple. About twenty membors were preaent, and while no business of any importance waa trainee*
tod, thoie who did attend showed
considerable enthusiasm in the work
they aro undertaking.
Owing to the defence dance com*
mlttoo having decidod to let out the
catering for the daneo to a private
party, the social committee, whioh
had boon appointed at the organization meoting to tako charge of the
catering for the dance, were unable
to act in that capacity, but volunteered their services to look after
the cloak room on that evening.
Tbo committoe appointed to assist
tho defence fund committee, report*
ed that they had beon able to render
valuable assistance to thnt committee by going around with them to
tho various union mootings,
Tho next moeting of tho Auxiliary
will bo hold in room 204, Labor Tomplo, Friday, the 5th inst., commonc*
ing at 8 p.m., and all women who
are Interested in the Labor movement from a working elass point ef
Courts of Justice Are Sup.
erceded by Star
Debate Ia Postponed
Tho usual weekly dobato of tbe
Federated Labor Pnrty Debating
Club that was to have beon hold
last Saturday ovoning was postponed ono week in order to allow tbe
mombers of tho club to attond the junky,    -mi, viui.-r-.--i *. -.■*<-- uuvw
I opening social of thc Vancouver Co- ists are the more remarkoblo when
Trades Council to Call
Meeting of
O.B.U. Units
Many False Impressions
of O. B, U. Dissipated
at Council Meeting
Those individuals who aro of tha
opinion that tho O. B. V. Central
Labor Couneil of this city, and the
offlcors of the 0. B. U. units are
conspiring to bring about a revolution, amongst whom are thoae who
formed tho citizens' committee in
Winnipeg and other winces during
tho general atrike, could have learned much that would havo put any
such nonsense out of their heads at
last night's meeting of tho Vancouver Trados and Labor Council. When
the rogular business had been disposed of thero waa a general discussion of many questions that are
of vital importance to the workers,
and ono of tho waa the functions of
the O. B. tf, and its relation to the
working elass movoment towards' I
new ordor of society. The opinion
was expressed that thoso who'
thought the new organization was
formed for tho purpose of building
a new Boeioty within the shell ol
tho old did not understand the pres*
ent systom of socioty and were talk,
ing a lot of nonsense.
In the abaonco of President
Midglr^, who has not yet roturned
from Calgary, where he hns been attending tho miners' convention,
Vice-president Winch occupied the
choir. The wago scale submitted by
tho Engineors and. Millmen, for
portable and hoise engineers, was endorsed by the council on the recommendation of the executive.
Business Agent Wood reported
thnt ho had been ablo to place a
number of unemployed into jobs
during tho past week, and that he
had had two applications from international unions for charters from
tho 0. B. V, He .explained that ht
had pointed out the conditions ol
affiliation with the now organization,
and had been invited   to   address
Make Great Gains in the
Larger Centres of
the Country'
Bome,—Though the final results of
tho general olections held throughout tho kingdom aro. still in doubt
nt tho presont writing (November
18), it appears certain that 'somo
150 parliamentary seats have been
won by tht Socinlists. Already 126
seats aro conceded to the Socialists
by the Borno correspondent of tho
Now York "Times." Their strongest leads are in Bome, Turin, Milan,
Florence, Ancona, and Parma. Ink
soutnorn Italy and in the mml districts, os the othor hand, tho Catho- theso'union^ and that" he'wasof the
lio party appeara to be in the ma- opinion that in a vary short time
30rity.   Tho victories of the Social-1 ^^   wduM   affiliate    with    the
Call for Defense
More men are in town now than
for somo considerable timo past.
This & partly duo to tho strikes at
Boberts Lake camp, Bock Bay, and
tho three camps of thc Hump Fish
Company at Alort Bay, and also tho
closing,of various cumps owing to
woathpr conditions, and in preparation for the usual holiday shutdown.
It is also bringing in to town the
men who wero responsible for bringing the orgnnization into existence.
Bome of them have been in camp
ever since, and they are exceedingly
gratified with the development
Whicli has taken placo in their offspring sinco its birth. They realize,
however, that thcir work is not yet
4ono; that Ihey have to keep a
watchful eye and soo tbat the organization grows and functions in thc
manner which will best fulfil the pur
poso for which it was eroutcd, numo-
ly; "to advance and maintain tho
social and economic interests of its
members." Naturally, in an organi
kation of this   size,   there will be
Operative Society which waB held
the same night. The subject which
wes to havo boon, •dobated, *' Bcsol v-
ed, that it would bo in the best interests of tho F. L. P. to adopt a
reform platform,'' will thereforo bo
dobated next Saturday, December 6,
The debates aro hold in the party
rooms, C10 Dominion Building.
Meeting of Janitors Sunday
A meeting of Janitors and Elevator Employeos will bo held in the
O'Brien hall on Sunday afternoon
for the purpose of organizing those
workers. This meeting is not being
called by any organization, but is
a spontaneous movement on the part
of the workers affected. The meeting will eommenoe at 2:30.
Where is your union button!
Law and Order Mob on
Rampage Again in
BOOALUSA, La.,—8. J. O'Rourke,
socretary of tho local trades and labor council, died today ns a result
of wounds received Saturday In a
battlo between labor loadors and the
law and order committee. This
brings the total dead to four. Three
othor labor leaders wero killed outright during the  battle.    Federal
„„•„, .,„,„ „ .......     . „ r..._. „ troops rushed here Wednesday for
viow, are respectfully invited to at | possible riot duty will be kept hero
several dayi.
From a report by Mr. Bubinowitz
who acted as counsel on behalf of
the Hussion deportees in tho Habeas
Corpus proceedings recently beforo
Mr.' Justice Morrison, fuller information has been gleaned of the facts
as to what occurred in tbo Supreme
Court chambers. So that no erroneous impression as to thc position
may prevail, tho following facts
from tho report aro published:
Mr. Justice Morrison did not givo
his approval of lho omendmonts to
the Immigration Act, which had
been challenged by counsel upon
broad grounds of public policy.
Upon an application of this kind
for Habeas Corpus, the courts are
not in a position to act as an appeal court from the decision of tho
Immigration officials.
According to the act, the rival
courts of justice down in the Immigration sheds aro supreme, and the
eld British courts of justice must
bow to the superior jurisdiction of
the new tribunals. This, however, is
not tho fault of the courts. It is tho
decree ef parliament that a star
chamber method of justico should be
introduced in Canada. The courts
are, therefore, restricted by the Im*
migration Act, in thcir powor to intervene. The construction placed upon the Immigration Act is that tho
ordinary courts aro impotent to interfere—'parliament has so decreed.
Under these circumstances, Mr. Justico Morrison suggested that if tho
matter was to be rectified that
Parliament alone could' do it.
'His hands woro tied and he
could not even givo his opinion as
to whether tho net was proporly carried out by thc Immigration nulkorl*
tios. Mr. Bubinowitz hns, at loast,
by bis actions in bringing haboas cor*
pus proceedings, established tho fact
that tho courts are impotont to doal
with matters arising out of tho infamous amendments to tho Immigration net, and undor which no person born outsido of this eountry Is
safe from deportation, no matter
whether he be British born or not,
furthermore, consistently aimed atjfoucl certain individuals, tho pur*
the building up of protective indus- pone of whose membership is open to
trial organizations of workors—the> question,.* ,
unions, wliich havo proved most ef- { * 'J'he master class has always been
footlvo weapons iu labor's defense, able to find stools and fools to do
It is here thnt the Australian poo*!their dirty work, and naturally tho
pie register their lirst indictment "->»'-' who is uble most effectively to
against tho present primo minister .disguise his real purpose, js thc one
of Australia—Mr. William Morris' most valuable to those on whoso be-
Hughes, who, it will bo romomhorc'fchotf thoy are working. Ono infalli-
tricd to onslavo thcui in the meashes ble test can be applied to this typo
of conscription—happily, without of individual, thnt is, do their ac*
success, tions aud tho policy they advocnte,
After Hughes loft the labor party tend-to tho grenter strength nnd so*
in 101(1—thnt is, after labor hnd Hilarity of tho workers in their flght
kicked him out for starting tlio com*| ngainst' the employers!
Loggers Are Doing Their Bit
Tho salo of Liberty Bonds nmong
tho loggers goes on apace.. The dofenso committee received a check
Inst wook for $2084 for bonds sold
to members of this organization. The
membors Bt' Arrow Park sont along
0— and thero is still moro to como
from various points. These sums do
not include individual subscriptions
from mombors of this organization,
which aro arriving almost daily at
the committee headquarters.
Have you got your bond yet I tIf
not romembor that tho campaign
closes December 15. Now is the
timo to do your bit.
one considers that tho laat parliament onded with only 45 Socialists
Party Members as deputies.
Defense Committee Meet Friday *
All members of tho defenso -committeo are requested to attend' the
committee meeting tonight (Friday),
as important business will como before the mooting.
pnign in fnvor of cowieriptioii—ho
ranged himself behind tho reactionaries in Australia -in the introduction of the most vicious sweating
system ever devised by human ingenuity—the Tuylor card system.
When tliis oulrago on the Australian
idoul produced a gigantic upbeat ul
Hughes showed himself tho enemy
of tho workers by fostering the formation of hlachleg labor unions
with thc deliberuto intentions of destroying bona tide unionism.
But thnt is not all. Ho violated
the froo institutions of tbo country
by abusing tlio powers of tho military censorship in ordor to suppress
tho political viows of hia opponents.
He refused to allow Australians to
(Continued on page 8)
All strikes ure being maintained
nt Capilano, Chase, Boberts Lake,
Alert Hay, Kimberley. Also 150 employees of tho Northwest Lumber
Co, nt Hylo, Alberta, are on strike,
They may try and get scabs from
Onlgpry and other points.
An apology is dim to thn boys ut
Bhiin's camp, Forman. Last week,
in. reporting conditions in thoir
camp, it was stated that they wcro
just card curriers, and lacking in the
Bpirit of tho times. That isn't tho
ease now. Last week they got busy
and havo delivered tho goods,
j the men at Wain's camp at For-
mnn called a strike on the 2$rd, and
nfter several negotiations and meetings, at each of which additional dc-
(Continucd on pago 7)
At last night* meeting of the International Tradea Council, It waa
atated that report* of O B. U. actlvllica In Edmonton,* appearing In the
Federatlonist, were untruthful. A atatement waa also made aa to the
minera in the Crows Nest Pase. In thla Issue will be found a telegraphic dispatch from Calgary reporting a* to the action of the minera
In the dlatrlct referred to. Other reporte which have appeared In thla
paper from time to time aa to the growth of the O. B. U. have been for*
warded by reliable correspondents Ih the respective district*, and in
addition have alwayi been verlfltd by the report of supplies lent out
to the districts from th* headquartera of the 0, B. U. With reference
to the atatement* made a* to th* Prinoe Rupert dlatrlct, we are In
possession of the certain knowledge that there are over three hundred
member* of the 0. B. U. In that olty, and thla doea not include membera of the Loggera' organization. It all the members of International
tradei unions, who are carrying cards In theae organizations because of
the coalition between the employer and the Internationale who ar*
membera of the 0. B. U., were to be taken away out of the membenhlp
of the International looal unloni, many of them would aoon cease to
•xiit. Theie an fact! and we hav* full Information aa to their reliability, and any reporte appearing In thli piper an a* far ai pouible
verified with Indisputable evidence-
Large   Crowd   Attended
Whist Drive and Dance
on Wednesday
Ono of tho largest crowds thnt
evor attended a *danco at tho Dominion Hall was present on Wodnesday
evening last nt tho whist drivo and
danco that was got up by tho Van*,
couver Trades ond Labor Council in
nid of the Winnipeg defense fund.
Both the hnll used for whist and
the dance hall wero crowded tn capacity and everyone present seemed
to enjoy themselves immonsely.
Quite u number present desired thut
the council would hold another such
affair in the very near futuro,
The committee from tho Women's
Auxiliary of tho 0. B. U., who were
iu chargo of tho cloak room, sure
had a busy timo in checking the
coats, etc., belonging to tho largo
crowd, and aro to be complimented
for tko spirit in which thoy executed
thcir duties, as they gave their services gratis and wero so busy that
thoy did not even get timo to havo
a dance. ,
Tho winners of tho whist prizes
are ns follows: First ladies' (tabic
cloth), Mr. Sinclair; second ladies
(pair of bath towels), Miss Menzies; first gent's (umbrella), Mr.
Newman; second gent's (gent's
scarf), Mr. Bnrrat; ladies' booby,
Miss Fane; gent's booby, Mr. Marshall.
A statement of the amount collected by solo of tickets for the
dance will bo published in next
wcok's Fed,, and all those who have
had tlckots issued to tliem fer sale
aro requested to turn same ia at the
curliest opportunity to Sbom i!10 or
210 Labor Temple.
Internationals Are Trying
to Give Encouragement
to Members
A communication trom the Kdmonton Trades and Labor Cauucll
ta the Vancouver International
Trados and Labor Council gavo encouragement to the delegates ot
that body oa Thursday evening,
the communication stated that the
news in tho 8, C. Federationist
about the Udmonton O.'B. U.
untruthful and that the true facts
wero that the 0. B. U. waa practically lion exlstont. On top ot this
delegate McVety read on almost
similar nows item from the Indus*
trial Banner of Toronto and further
Informed tlio delegates that Andy
Shilland wus attending to tho reorganization of the miners In the
Crows Nest Pass. President Welsh
added further to tlie news by in.
forming tho council that tlio International animations in rrlneo Du*
port wero stronger aud tlio Trades
Council more largoly attended than
ever beforo in its history.
Dolegato Kusscll of the Steam
and Operating Hnglncers Ilrst made
tho dolegates elated by the report
of the doing of his organization and
then made them feel uncomfortable
by referring to tho radicals of tho
0. B. V. as pigs and persons with
deceased minds and that hia local
had no intontlon to back up or
support tlio defense fund which
was simply for the "purpose of
breeding undesirables.
Delegato McVety interrupted the
speaker in an objection to his lino
of abuse and suggested that dele*
gates try and reach a higher tone
than to rofer to other people as
(Continued on pago 8)
O.B. V.
The dance committee reported
that the danee held la the Doml.aiea
HaU had been a spleadid smeeaar
To Ma Fortes
Del. Kavanagh stated that he
was of tho opinion that to save expense and to mako for o cieney,
thc different units should bo brought
together. He movod that a mass
meeting bo called of all units to
bring tho amalgamation about. The
motion was adopted,
IDel. Wells moved that a committee bo appointed to collect date to
present to the Social Service commission when thut body, whieh was
dealing with stato medical aid and
other measures, held its sitting in
Vancouver. The motion was adopted, and Delegates Kavanagh, Wood
nnd Bowers wcro elected to the
17000 Bailed
The defenso committee reported
that $7000 had beon collected to
date, and Del. Wolls urged the delegates to follow tho caso now being
tried in tho police court in which
two secret agents of tho Mounted
Police were, charged with projury in
connection with tho local Russian
deportation cases. He suggested
that membors of organized labor
should attond the court when tie
caso was being heard so that they
could get first-hand information, aa
the press was not giving any great
publicity to it.
Urges Education
Del. Kavanagh stated that he had
noticed in tho Daily Horald thero
whs a good deal of nolso being
raised in the old land, owing to tho
activities of the govornment there
in investigating the activities of
(Continued on page 8)
Even tho Children Help
On Monday morning a littlo girl,
not moro than eleven yoars of age,
walked into the Foderationist oflico,
and when asked what could be done
for hor, sho said "I want a button
to help tho men who ure on trial in
Winnipeg." She bought a dollar
bond and received her button and
went away happy lo think sho bad
done her bit for tho boys now facing
Soldiers and Sailors Labor
Council Meetings Are
Well Attended
Clinrlcs Lestor will bo tho speaker
at tho Soldiers' and Sailors' Lnbor
Council meeting on Sunday after,
noon in tko old Knox Church, Cordova Street Enst. Last Sunday's
meeting, which was addressed by
Jack Kavanagh, was well attended,
mid it is expected that Sunday's
meting will bo even better attended.
The choir will bc taken at 2:30
Resent Attitude of Capital
to Labor in the
United States
That labor tho world over is taking more and moro intorest iu the
position of tlio internntionnl working class is onco again evidenced
by tho attitudo of tbo Nntionnl Foderation of Shop Stewards Building
nnd Aircraft section in Grnnt Britain, towards the situation in America, At a meeting of tbis orgnni7n,
tion held in thc curly part oi November, thc following resolution wns
That, this mooting of Building nnd
Aircraft Shop Stowards, being l'uKy
acqnniutod with tho brutnl treat-
ment meted out to tho I. W. \V.
prisoners nnd tho savage sentences
imposed on industrial workors whoso
only "crime" was carrying on tho
legitimnto work of thoir organisations, resolves that until theso por-
sccutions cense und nil suid prisoners nro released, tho Shop Stowards
will opposo tho uso of nil American
manufactured building matorial ou
all jobs under their control. Copies
of this resolution havo boon forwarded to tho president of the U. 8.
A„ the Foderation of British Industries, tho parliamentary committee of tho Trades Union Congress,
Premior Lloyd Qeorge, and to labor nrr--»:xntions in othtr parts of
the world* PAGE TWO
eleventh YBAB. »o.a    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vanoouvib, b. a
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Slater's Boneless Roll, sliced, lb...4C>
Sunmaid  Raisins,  pkf.  -
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Finest Tomatoes, tin 	
Clark's Pork and Beans, B for ....tSS
Fineat Split Peas, 2 lbs. lor 15a
Finest Pearl Barter, > »•■ 'or* OS.
Finest Brown Beans, 0 thi.— 80.
Small Whit. Beau, I Ibl. tor. Me
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reg.   35o   lb.,    Saturday   only, *
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Limit 3 lbs.
Lut Saturday we sold over 100
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Albert. Cooking Eggs,  doaen  .860
Alberta Freeh  Eggs,  dozen   75e
B. C. Fresh Eggs, dosen ......$1.10
Oleomargarine, Swift's, lb. 450
Finest Canadian Cheese, lb 380
Fineat Beef Dripping, 2 lba. for... 66c
Finest  Salt Pork,  lb.   38>/aC
Shamroak Pun Lard. 2 lhi. fcr.76.
Fineat Pork Span Rlhf, lb Ott
Fineat Beet Lirer, lb  .10.
Fineat Oxford Swinge, lh.  .»8«
Finest Sugar Cared Picnic Ham,
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Prim.     Rolled     Boneless
Ribs, reg. Slo lb., Sat-
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Finest Tomato Sauce, bottl*   26c
Glioe Cherries, per lb $1.60
VftD  Camp's  Tomnto   Soup,   tin...,lflc
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Shipping orders punctually it*
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Three Big Stores
11*   BAiHHOS ll. B.... Phona Soy. 3262
•M   OBANVILLB ST..._ Phon. Say.   888
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Why We Blockade
[By H. N. BrailsfoM is tb* Dtllytruzort ud drugs, nnd dyes te Ruilia
Mechanics' Tools
J. A. Rett, Limited
We buy and sell second-hand GUNS
A hoatil. Russian newspapi
tie ether day that Lenin
eome a misanthrope. The atatement
is probably untrue, tot Lenin's personal friends agree in describing the
greateat human fore, of our generation as an indomitable optimist. If
Lenin es.capea misanthropy, however,
some of the rest of us rind it hard
to retain faith in human naturo jas
wo watch tbe class war between the
Entente and Socialist Bussia. Tho
civilized world haa sottled down to
tho tusk of organizing hunger ovor
vaat continental spaces.
It seems as though idealists had
put into the hands ef the world's
rulors tho new instrument of an international league, and ther can nse
it, so inveterate ia the habit of
cruelty, only to dostroy. Science waB
prostituted long ago, and now lt is
that very advance in morals which
makes a Leaguo of Nations conceivable, v Inch is degraded into nn en*.
gino of ruin and death. Nevor aince
history waa written havo ita daily
pages roscntbled so nearly the ohron-
iclos of Swift's Yahoos.
Tho blockade of Soviot Bussia and
tlio war upon an idea aro horrible
onough in themselves, but there is h
further horror undor the surface.
What is the motivo of it all) Wo
have all boen puzzled to oxpluin tho
rather suddon action of tho Supreme
Council in forbidding the use of German legions under Von der Ooltz and
Bcrmond in tho sorvico of the Russian Countor-Rovolution. Ono recollects that it was tho Allies who first
ordered this force to tako up its station in tho Baltic provinces. On May
25, when tho Berlin government
wished to rccull these troops, the
Entonte actually ordered thom to re*
main. In August tho lino they wero
to occupy was agaiu defined, In an
ordor signed by the British Genernl
March. It is only when one collects
the fragmentary nows from this part
of the world that one begins to
reach an explanation for this sudden
rojection of German help in the war
upon the Bolsheviks. Half tho atory
I told last week, when I quoted the
document in which ono of the .German commanders boasted that Gorman, Bussian, neutral und American
financiers stood bohind his outor-
British Naval Bases
The othor hnlf of tho explanation
concerns our own scheme's. It ia, of
courso, common knowlcdgo thnij pur
naval atrategiBta aro looking forsrar 1
to the permnnent establishment o f
our fleet in tho Baltic. Its bnse' <|i
liases will bo somewhere on the-toasl
lino of the Baltic States; the i«nu 1
of Oosol is often mentioned asuJsul •
nblo staliou. Conventions whigji e ■
tobllsh our "right" to thoae,;f»cjl*
ties arc said to havo beon ooqjlp.ro 1
with tho provisional governments* f
theso very provisional statos. tjLt :»
obvious that scheraos of tliia-fciiiH
will bo most unwelcome to KpWV'
and tho rovivod Empire of AH*tho
Busaios, whioh claims these SJati s
for Czardom. Our British polioy.is
rather to make them "independent
becauso thoir weakness, and tkff<
antipathy both to Bussia and^i-
many, will oblige them to Icon upon
us. That is why we cannot now tol-
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Ballot Is Only Effective
When Backed by Industrial Action
Dr. W. J. Carry bad something to
say about "Who are tho Traitors!"
at tho National moeting on Sunday
night, and also some observations as
to why tho  ruling class wero  on-
deavoring  to incarcerate   comrades
of the higheust   idculs,   in   prison
Nature had provided abundantly
for human comfort,    nnd    nobody
wanted   human   suffering;  yot  the
world today was aptly described as
a combination of hell and a lunatic
asylum!    Ignorance alono was the
.'it'iiHi' of ihu trouble; and that ig-
norauco was deliberately organizod
to clog tho brains of tho peoplo.
Social forces, liko natural forces
in genoral, when    not    understood,
cnused lots of trouble; wben undor-
ntood, thoy could bo mnde to sorve
tho purposes  of humanity.   Hence,
tho real traitors wore    those    who
kopt tho truth as to   these   social
forces from the peoplo, aa was dono
by the government at Ottawa whon
they forbade works on such subjects to he   circulated.   That   class
was, in fact, the    greatest    traitor
thoy   had   in   this   country.    (Applause.)
Tho traitors of ono day were tho
patriots    of    anothor.    Patriotism,
treason, and sedition wero a matter
of different viow-points. Woods-
worth was one of tho finest men
(applause); he hi^tf left the pulpit,
knowing he could not servo God and
Mammon.    Yet  there  wore  peoplo
now praying that ho and his comrades might spend years in a lousy
The speakor did not blamo anybody—' ' or say thoy are a bit worse
than we are."   Poople woro all the
product   of   conditions.     Ho   was
simply trying to analyze the situation, in order that thoy might understand und act accordingly.
Isaiah,   whom   Woodsworth   was
prosecuted for quoting, was one of
the old rebels ngainst the sumo class
as wore now riding on tho ImckB of
the people. His preaching was sedition today, according to the views
of the ruling class.    Ho   preaidiod
that onc should not build and another inhabit, one sow und another
reap the fruit thereof.   There were
two classes—one living by virtuo of
thoir ownership of tho    means   of
life, and the othor   by   tho   lnbor
power which  thoy sold    to    them.
Hence, thero was a class wur; and
there could  be no poaco on earth
while theso two classes existed id
opposition to one another. Those
who wero trying to   abolish   those
classes were the true patriots, in
spite of what the ruling   class   at
Ottawa or anywhere olso might say.
There was a time when this clnss
distinction did not    exist;    pooplo
lived   comfortably   together,   there
wu ao oold storage to force prices
up, and everything was froe.    Thon iubc w nu/	
thoy learned tcf domesticate ammals,       te Qorman troo'ps in this regiorf,
both tpr food and for burden; tho     cu if tij0y OT0 acting undor Deni-
enslavement of captives in war fol- ^
lowed.   Thus camo tho two clauses
in socioty—thc great curso of the
human race.   Tho irony would never
bo righted until tho ruling class wns
swopt off thcir backs, and tho human family was free from poverty,
exploitation, and war.
The claim that government represented thc peoplo was mere camouflage. It represented tho class that
elected it—that put up the campa'gu
funds and subsidized tho press,
'' That class which owns tho means
of life is the only thing tho govern'
ment represents." Governmont nover
did, and never could, represent all
tho people. Its germ was thero whon
tho ilrst muster wioldod tho lash
over the back of tho first slavo.
Moses was a "traitor" to the
ruling class of Egypt; ho ultimately
got the slaves freo from their control. Spartacus and Eunua were
''traitors" to Rome. Anothor great
"traitor" was the Carpenter of
Nazareth. Tho early Christian
movement, though looking to a
"miracle" rathor than brute force,
was a slave movement to throw ofl
the yoko of Eome and be froe.
Theology and suporstition nad been
trying to pull tho wool over, tho
pooplo's oyes in pretending that it
was not like othor class struggles—
that thero was, in fact, no class
Oliver Cromwell, ngain, wns a
"traitor" in his day; ho raised a
rebel army, and they eventually cut
|off a king's hoad. Tho speaker
presumed that thoy did it by "constitutional" methods, sinco nobody
hod anything to say against Oliver
Cromwell today.
Geo. Washington was another of
the "traitors," who overthrew the
king of Great Britain and tho forces
of that country. Abe Lincoln was
another such, and so was John
Brown, whoso "soul gooB marching
on," although ho was hanged as a
Finally, thoro was an organization
hero today, callod the 0. B. TJ.
(Applause.) It was only necessary
to see who wcro its enemies, to
realize that it was a good thing for
tho working class.
There was, however, another class
of traitors, represented by Judas Iscariot; though ho at least had a certain nmount of decency and, aftor
his treachery, went out and hang-
od himself. "We have in the labor
movement Judas Iacariots—lots of
them. They would probably hang
Jesus Christ and hit twelve disciples
for thirty cents." (Applause.) Yet
they were the products of society;
nobody was to be blamed. On tho
principles of "Love your enemies,"
said thc spoakor, "we* aro trying to
do good to tho ruling class, and even
to theso modorn Judases."
Touching briefly on the older
slave systems, leading to the modern development of capitalism, tho
speaker declared that "chattel
slavos and serfs always had enough;
but now, many aro dying of want."
As to the remedy, he said, "tho ballot is the way to express our knowledge, our determination, and our
demands; but I don't believo the
ballot by itself ft of any use,
You've got to have somothing at tho
bnck of that ballot; you'vo got to
have nn 0. B, U. at the back, or
that ballot is absolutely   useless."
In the conflict botwoen "constitu-
when the blockado is lifted, But all
"important purchases" are reserved
for ua. The immense busineu of replenishing half * continent, which
for five years has been cut off from
all supplies of tools, spare parts, wagons, locomotives, textile and agricultural machinery—all the thingB in
which German industry used to outbid ours in the Bussian market—this
vest and profitable business is reserved for us. It will necessarily be a
ciredit operation, and that means
that, by way of security for repayment, wo shall acquire all the concessions for mines, railways and oilfields that are to be had, and shall
control tho export of Bussian grain,
flax, copper and oil.
That then is the state in Bussia,
Thoso are the fruits of victory for
whieh we are contending, and it is
to ensure our secure possession of
them that we have again imposed a
partial blockade of Germany, and
tightened up our organization of the
blockado of Bussia. Theae are the
profits whieh we receive as the re*
suit of that "cordon of death"
whioh excludes even drugs and medicines from besieged Petrograd, and
forbids the charitable Swedes to give
hospitality to the hungry childron of
Bussian workers. It is to mako Bussia safo for British profiteers that
we are trying to impose upon her the
rule of a elique of Czarist soldiers,
and to bring back after two years
of an intellectual renaissance the
dark ages of pogroms and miraoles
and priest-ridden schools.
Is there another motive f Perhaps
there is, but it is not a better one.
Our middle-class dreads the spread
of Communist Socialism. That is
why it intervened. It did not interfere with Czardom; that was too bad
a thing to spread. It itnerfores with
Socialism because it knows its force
of attraction. In other words, it j
fights the Workers' Republic in Bus-1
sia becnuse it must defend class privilege here. It starves the children
of Russia in ordor tho more securely
to fasten its yoke An tho wage-earner
at home. Tho spectacle will make
misanthropes unloss it makes rebels.
December 5, 1919
British Firms Flood Germany With Luxuries—
A Skeleton at Feast
Now, it is a safe axiom that the
British navy rarely extends the
scope of its operations without somo
moro or less definite economic do-
sign. Tho desigvis simply the COO'
nomic penetration of Bussia, which
will work inwards from the Baltic
ports, and also doubtless from Archangel. ' Thc Times in a fit of nngor,
gave away tho design very naively
lost woek. It compjoinod that the
Germans wero actually scheming to
snatch from us tho fruits of our victory in Bussia. In war ono docs not
necessarily reap one's harvest directly in the fields of one's vanquished
enemy. In war onc reapB whero one
has not sown. Wnr is harvest timo
foT a capitalist society, and it reupB
where it can. Apart from the Gorman colonies (a small booty) and
Mesopotamia, our big harvest, it is
expected, will be in Russia. . The
news already begins to leak out that
British investors aro buying land for
the erection of dockyards iu tho Br 1-
tic ports, and that British companies
havo secured concessions for the
building of railways.
The Fruits of Victory
Thore is much clearer ovidence in
tho text, of tho agreement said to
have been concluded between our
government and that puppet combination under the Moscow bunker, Li
anosov, known as the Bussian Northwest Russian administration. Tho
outlines have been published in the
French press, end rather more fully
in th'o Berliner Tugcblatt (see Cambridge Magazine, October IS). Thia
agreement begins by recognizing our
"special interests in tho Baltic."
What on earth arc thcyt Havo wo
any ciVzcna or subjects hero? This
sea, alone of nil tho world's seas,
wushes tho shores of no British possession. Our '' special interests''
moan, of coin-no, our design to mako
a naval gateway here, whieh-vill
serve to guard the economic entry
into Rusniu. The agreement goes on
to renounce in Persin in our favor
tho former interests of Russia—T. "cfT,
to recogrTzo that Persia has beitttye
n Britifth protectorate on tho Egyptian model. Nor is this all. _%o
North-Wost Russian government ie-
tually promises "to refrain from "any
pnrticnlarly important purchases in
Germany." There, I think, you hnvo
tho koy to tho wholo myBtcry. Germany is not to bo absolutely boycq|r
tod; she may bo allowed to sell a few
tional means" and "direct action,"
tbo master class wanted somefttng
they could handle and change to suit
themselves. At Winnipeg, proporty
owners could voto soven times in
tho recent election; at Victoria,
workora woro "firod" or prevented
from voting, The ruling class only
gave women the vote because they
know they would uae it the way they
wore wanted, as whon they voted for
the Unionist Govornmont. "They
cnn manufacture trumps at a minute's notice, and make you discard
exactly as thoy want you." Thoy
could divide up constituencies as
thoy pleased, and play the tricks
they had played, again and again.
"Our party stands for the ballot,
firat, laBt, and all the time; but
we'vo got to havo somothing at the
back. We can win by the ballot,
when tho ballot >s backed up by industrial orgnnizntion and by intelli-
Mr. Philips Price, special correspondent to the Duily Herald, writing
from Prankfort-on-Main, gives an interesting study of capitalist methods
Ho says:
There Js an old German fairy story
of a oountry called Schlaraffenlaud,
where tho visitor has to oat his way
through streots barricaded with rice
puddings, and from the trees of
which delicacies of all sorts fall into
| the mouth and can be eaten for nothing.
Coming to Frankfort from middlo
Germany, one sees for the flrst time
the shop windows stuffed with dainty confectionery, fresh baked from
snow-white flour, with butter, cream
and chocolates, whilo sides of Dutch
and American bacon grip your attention. Schlaraffenlaud indeed!
But only at first sight, for those
tempting dclicacios do not fall automatically into the mouth, but require
the aid of a purse, and, moreover, a
long purso. In a word, Frankfurt is
Schlaraffenland for the bourgeoisie,
but not for the sons of toil.
When I arrived 1 found all the
hotels filled with visitors for the International Import Fair, and I secured u room in the working class quarter. My hostess is a widow pensioner, getting 50 marks a month, with a
son working on the railway who
earns 500 marks a month.
The Bailwaymen's Menu*
The kitchen is a modol of orderliness. Pots and pans are arranged in
rows with perfoct symmetry. Bht
where is. the butter and the Amorican bacon of tho Frankfurt shops!
They nover find thoir way into these
pots and pans. Breakfast consists
of coffco and black bread, dinner of
potatoes and vegetables, and supper
of black bread again, with coffee
faintly sweetened with sugar.
Bacon at Id marks (at presont
rates 54c) per lb. and butter at
22 marks (74c) are not articles
whicb can find their way into tho
kitchens of tho workers. Proximity
to tho occupied districts of the Rhino
whence all thoso -dclicacios como, favors only those who havo done woll
out of tho war.
If tho hand workers of Frankfurt
soo no Schlaraffenland, neither do
tho bruin workers. The other day I
visited a journalist friend of mine,
who has a wifo and six children.
Theso childron get on the cards lc3S
than one litre of milk a day, all of
which goos to tho two youngest. A
tin of condensed milk from abroad,
bought at freo prices, costs soven
marks (at prosent rntes 25c) a tin,
and it lusts for just onc meal.
And yot it is a fact that all over
Gormany now tho Junkers and agrarians aro feeding calves and pigs on
milk, and refuse to soil to the workers in the towns becauso of tbo fixed
prices, These same gentlemen aro
loudly complaining because they are
compelled to deliver cattle to France
and Belgium under the poace treaty.
A Tear Ago—and How
Frankfurt is just now invaded by
commorcial travellers and traders
from all over Germany and from
neutral countries. I visited the fair
and found tho big Feat-Halle full of
Is there not a germ of the White
International in the Frankfurt Falrf
For English and French firms now
aro flooding tho Gorman cities with
articles of luxury, although twelvo
months ago they wore declaring thnt
never again would they trade with
the Huns.
And German industrial and trade
capitnl Is finding refuge from taxation bji flying to tho districts occupied by the foes that it lms just bceu
"strafing" with Zeppelins and submarines. The German proletariat
alono is the skeleton at the feast.
Workers' Liberty Bond Buttons
are issued to every purchaser of a
bond. Have you got yours yet, Oet
behind a button aud show that you
are willing to help all you can the
defenso of tlie men arrosted tn Win-
Are Being Sent to Odessa,
Which Was in Hands
of Reactionaries
Years ago, when Australian governments wero desirous of getting
farmer settlors for the purpose of
sottling the Australian continent, immigration agents were sont to the
various countries of Europe in order
to induce rural workers to emigrate
to Australia. A great many Russians
wero induced to come from thcir own
land to Australia—the majority willingly availing themselves of the opportunity of escaping the existing
tyrannies of their own land on"
starting life anow in a country
whero demooraoy was an acknowledged fact.
When the, Soviet government gained control of Bussia, the majority of
those people, smarting under the
war-time autocracy that had sprung
up in Australia, -desired to return
to their own country. They wore
not allowed to do so, however.
But when unrest becamo deep
rooted in Australia, and those opposed to the workors commenced to
howl about "Bolshevism" a roign
of terror sot in against tho Russians
in Australia who were openly sympathetic to the Soviet government
They were hunted down and a great
number of them were interned. Here
they wore kept till such times as
thoy could be deported. They asked
that, if they wero to bo deported
that they bo sent to thnt part of
Russia to which thoy could look to
for protection and protected against
boing landed in any port of Russia
in tho hnnds of reactionary troops,
fearing that their life would be in
jeopardy. This was refused by the
Australian anti-labor government.
They woro being deported at the
time of writing (mid-September) and
to mako matters worso they are being sent to Odessa, which, as most
peoplo know iB in the hands of reactionaries opposed to the Soviot
government. What thoir fate will
be when thoy get thoro remains to
bo seen.
Considerable callousness seems to
be shown to theso men and their relatives in the deportation. In many
cases men have boon parted .from
thoir wivos and children on thc flimsiest of excuses—not even being allowed to speak to them prior to deportation. As an instance of how
thoy nro treated the following typical case may be quoted. About the
middlo of the year a Rusaia named
Suzenko was deported. His wife was
given an assurance that sho would
bo allowed to accompany her husband. But ho was taken out of thd
internment camp and spirited away
without his wife. When sho learned
that ho had gone, the government
assured here it was very sorry and
would make arrangements for her to
follow on a later boat and meet her
husband en route. She was allowed
to follow on a later boat, as promised. She got as far as Egypt and
was then thrown ashore without
monoy, friends or resources of any
kind. She was taken up and thrown
into the native gaol at Alexandra
there. To mako matters worse she
is an expectant mothor. Thon she
learned that instead of meeting her
husband, ho had been taken off his
ship at Bombay (India) and re-interned, awaiting a chance to be Bent
to Russia, via Turkestan. Meanwhile
Mrs, Suzoko is to bc sent to Russia
via Odessa. This is callous and hardhearted treatment with a vengeance.
Another cnso may be quoted—that
of the Klushen family.
Klushen was deported roeently,
and prior to deportation, his wife
mado application to accompany him.
Sho was told to produce her marriage certificate, giving proof of
marriage. Now, as Klushen and his
wife were married according to
Doubkhour rites there was no written certificate to produce, consequently the Australian government
refused to recognize thom as man
and wife. The result is that Klushen
has been deported and his wife forced to remain in Australia—without
friends, and depending on the charity of anybody who takes pity on
her. The same kind of thing ean be
quoted in many cases.
What makes tho matter worse is
that the Australian government
aome time ago denied that it would
provent wives from accompanying
thcir husbands when the latter were
doportcd. But while it gives its assurances to the public thus, it, at
tho same timo, commits in private
the very outrages it wishes to .appear innocont of. The deportation
of theso Russians under such callous
conditions Is strongly resented by
tho labor movements of Australia,
nnd will have a great influence on
the votes of tho peoplo of Australia
Province of British Columbia
Minimum Wage Board
NOTICE is hereby given that pursuant to the provisions of the
"Minimum Wage Act" a public
moeting will be held at the Provincial £ourt House, Georgia Street,
Vancouver, B. C, on Thuraday, tho
llth day of December, 1910, at 10
o'clock a.m., for the purpose of hearing any person interested in the
establishment of ft minimum wago
and maximum hours and the conditions of labour for womon engaged
in the "Fishing Industry," which
includes the work of females engaged in the washing, canning, preparing, preserving, drying, curing,
smoking, packing, or otherwise
adapting for snle or use, or for shipment, any kind of flsh.
A cordial invitation to be prosent
Is extended to all those who dosire
to be heard on the above mattors before a minimum wage and maximum
hours and the conditions of labour
aro determined.
Minimum Wage Board for the Province of British Columbia.
J. D. McNIVEN, Chairman,
Vlotoria. B. C. Nov. 21, 1010.
The Famous
Anniversary Sale
—•the last word in Values on Ladies' Ready-
to-wear Garments
For years the Famous has been able to offer far greater
values than its competitors because of its dealing on a
"Maker to Wearer'' basis.
At our Anniversary Sale we've gone one better—reduced even our own prices—established a new record for
Values in Canada.
Oome and See—Suits, Ooats, Dresses, Skirts—ln
the height of style—for less than you'a pay for the
material today.
Heat Oranvlll*
at the coming elections whioh are
due to* take place about the beginning of December next.
New York.—Organized tunttol and
subway constructors havo raised
wages .2 a day effective the Irst of
the year.
Follow thi Crowd tt tke
Patricia Cabaret
On, blook earn of EmproM Theatre
SMITH. B. 10VE ul Uu EEL
Intarpnt tb* ut.it iodi hits, ti*
aiit.d br Tbt Bronu Jul Bud
Mnsic, 6 p.m. to 1
Suits, Overcoats, Bain.'
coats, Mackinaws, Gloves,
Shirts, Socks, Underwear,
etc, etc.
G. B. Kerfoot
155 Haitingi Si East
Hicks & Lovidt Piano Co.
Limited     •
HIT aruwm Si, Vuetanc, B. 0.
Plata Mihotur Out, T!i Oa-
ut«i. H.w Mt .lithilr BtrM.
1100 EVANS PIANO, mad. In In*
nrioll, Ontlrio. Too. ll the,
out oil, old llBhlonid ud heja
ltd Upwarda ORGANS, br Dominion Organ Co. Now. NOW il
the tint-to tny.   Price, rialnf.
Old Tunoi ar. Swoetcst
Old Firm, in Sureit.
Atuti ftr Mtwymbt PittoS
Alwayi Dependable
"Ask the woman who buns
929 Main Street
Phones Seymoar 1441 aal MS
Soft Drinks and
Fresh jCool Beer
The right treatment
and best service.
nuii: by. 77SJ0.O. Sty, eiML
0. B. LBBE, Pf.pH.tor
Greateit Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
sb rail Ton an
wb_s too __ torn
and Non-alcoholic wlate of «U
union mar's attention
* For Union Ilea
Phone Seymour Ml
White & Bindon
Phon. Si/. 1114—GoutoUlf IB
OIHc   Purnltare,   Filing   DlTioM,
Blank Book,, Looao Latt Syitini
Vuconnr, B. 0.
Pbona Simon 7US
Third  Flow,  World  Bnlldlns,   Vu-
conTir. B. 0.	
ftm. S HwhS it*. 0* jB**m_ It mm. 3 PCTliOi  ,
t*lt rf ENGLAND ul AMUICA.
a 4wM w <mMI> I****. I*, <~t jw... w -
<mums ro. r-WKiru-Nor ,oa rawir
iannniuuiiiiicax.iMniittaastM.ihUuiCd ]
tike »».»t* 1». ■» thu,* ,tm*
make good your.advantage of
living in British Columbia, by
spending a couplo of weeks
out in the open. We olfor you
a splendid selection of Fishing Tackle* Rifles, Ctrtridgos,
Clothing,* togothor with tha
usual Camping Requirements.
The Complote Sporting Goods
618*6110 Hastings Stnet West,
VANConvmt. b. o
After a day's labor
tban a
Bottle of
Ask for it
It's Union-Mads
For Sale at all stands
Westminster Brewery Oo. •HanmnnmmHnnnB
$2.00 PER YEAR
Our Union
Special for
A splendid Tan Calf
Boot for FaU wear.
The uppers are gen-
nine calfskin and
soles are Goodyear
welted. Tbey come
in medium and narrow toe styles for dress weir; Have rubber heels and
fibre soles; all sizes; G, D and B widths. Our speeial
■ v*" system
onbasPI of Credit
| —making it possible for
everyone to wear good
and distinctive clothing.
—our own original plan of supplying high grade clothing
on an easy payment scheme spells death to high coats.
—call and inspect our stock—select your suit or overcoat
—mako a small cash payment—and settle the balance
by instalments.
—don't WANT good clothes—HAVE them.
$30,  $35,  $40,  $45
Full Line of Ladies' Olothing on Buy Payments
Moderate Fees and
No Guesswork
Russia's Great Experiment
■ win „
British M. P.'s Graphic Story of Soviet's Wonderful
Work for Social and National Reconstruction
Nesr Homer
—we dont want to make onr fortunes ont of
ons man's mouth.
Disease! teeth are tke baila of many human ailments—in many
cases the sufferer little suspects it.
Drs. Brett Anderson and
Douglas Casselman
Dental X-ray, Crown and Bridgework Specialists
OBcacjen      '   60S HASTINGS WIST     nw» Seymou
Tuesday and 3331 fn
ftMar endues,      Corner of Seymour        Appointments
Ttetb Ott flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Booqaets, Pot Ruts
Ornamental anl Skadt Trees, lasts, Balks, florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
tt Basttms attest Esst 791 OraavOto Stnet
Sojboh HM7t Sermour HIS
Give Footwear This Christmas
WHEN selecting your Christmas gifts don't forget
that Oood Footwear is the most acceptable gift for
any member of the family.
We kave a peat display of warn comfortable allppen—a ityls
to suit svsijr foot from Grandpa down to Baby.
Do yaur Gkristmae baying early aad got tke best selection.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Equal to Your Luckiest Bake
365 Days in the Year
QUANTITY production—quality Materials—machinery  ku
made baker's bead cheaper and better than aome audo.
Shelly Bros. Ltd.   Phone Fair. 44
on November 5th, lifted the veil on
Bussia. He condemns theories as to
that country, and says they are circulated by Bussian reactionaries, his
experiences and opinions are as follows:
"To begin with," he explained,
I am an independent witnoss. I
am a Liberal in polities, and have no
class bias in any direction. I think,
therefore,'my impressions on the situation in Bussia ean be regarded as
more impartial than if I had definite
Conservative or Labor sympathies.
Oomplete Fabrications
"I am convinced that the stories
being circulated in England about
Russia are mostly untrue or complete
fabrications. They appoar to bo tho
product of a scheme of propoganda
conducted by tho Bussian reactionaries and thoir sympathizers here,
who are afraid of the spread of communistic ideals in this eountry, or
are working secretly for the return
of the Czarist or ancient regime in
"No open-minded person ean deny
that certain regrettable incidents
have occurred in Bussia. At tho
time of the revolution, thero were
undoubtedly lootings and atrocities,
But theso appear to have boen .tho
work of the hooligan anarchistic element, liberated in the chaos of the
transition period. But I have evidence that shows that tho Bolshovik
govornment has been working hard
to restore law and order.
Connivance of the Allies
"We must not forget that the
spark of revolution was kindled with
the active connivance of the Allies.
Two years have now elapsod, and
the govornment which has emergod
has established not only law and order, but is carrying out a roal programme and shows distinct elements
of permanence One is, in fact, impressed by the almost bureaucratic
orderliness of the government.
"Take simple examples of everyday life in Bussia. No one ean deny
the terrible privations, which will be
manifoldly increased this winter owing to the illegal blockade of the
Allies. It is frequently stated that
lifo in Bussia is anarchial and chaotic. I personally visited theatres,
operas, concerts. Trams and cabs
are abundant, and trains are running
to time, TOey are slightly slower,
but this is duo to the faet that wood
is substituted for eoal fuel.
"The churches are untouched, and
services wero proceeding on thc Sundays tkat I vlsitod them. Fine works
of art and statues are unmolested,
with the exception of a fow Czarist
statnes, which have been, replaced
by. memorials of Karl Marx and
othor leaders of revolutionary
thought. Anarchy cannot run trains,
control an electric lighting system,
theatres, communal shops and scores
of other parts of the economio machino.
Heal Soeial Reconstruction
"In addition, the Soviet government bos embarked on a real programmo of social reconstruction, and
what is most important a programmo
of soeial welfare, public health and
education. The medical services
kave been nationalized ,and medical
attendance is availablo to tho poor*
est peasant. Lectures and exhibitions are now conducted throughout
the eountry in order to instil into
the aiinds of tho Bussian masses, by
means of decorative posters and cinematograph pictures, elementary lea-
sons in domestic and workshop hy
"One of the most important sections of social welfare is that con*
corning child welfare. In tho town
and centres, creches, muternity
homes, milk kitchens and communal
nurseries have been established. Exhibitions and lectures are also conducted on these lines by the commissariat of health. I saw ia these ex*
liibi tions diagrams and models which
would convey to the most illiterate
peasant the elementary principles of
child welfare, including such important items as washing, carrying,
clothing, feeding, preparing milk,
Oaring for the Children
"Special attention Is given by the
State to the earo of children. They
an provided with speeial rations as
compared with the adult population.
Everything it being done to ensure
for tiie coming generation a fuller
lifo than has hitherto been the case.
In Moscow alone 13 theatros are
open for children. On Sunday I visited three in order that I should
know I kad not been bluffed. But
I wondend, when I saw those thous-
of little children so thoroughly enjoying this nsw pleasure in
their lives, whether it would really
be necessary for them to endure tke
terrible privations that they are
threatened for tho coming winter by
our preaent policy.
"The most critical of opponents
might arguo that the models I was
shown wore not genuine. But .obviously .they were not got up on tho
chance of an unexpected visit from
a foreigner.
"Hypocrisy has boen defined as
the last tribute paid by vice to virtuo. Tho Bopublicon government
certainly wishes tho western world
to beliovo that it cares for thoso
things. I believo that it really docs
care for them; that it really is struggling to curry through a schemo of
universal compulsory odncatlon. Con*
trust this with illiterate BURsia and
pre-war dayh! I believe it is really
trying to carry through a great
scheme of reconstruction for tho uplifting of tho Bussian masses. To
assist this scheme, it is trying to
train engineers, scientists, etc., into
a professional corps which is essential to civilization,
Soviet's Success en All Fronts
"And aU thie is being carried ont
in spito of the difficulties besetting
tke country. The Soviot government
is fighting, and fighting successfully
oa nino fronts,
"Those who are opposed te the
eotnniumstie form of government aro
doing moro by tko blockade than by
The shortage of essential commodities has necessitated a rigid control similar to that which we experienced here during the war, and
whieh is not far removed from Socialism. Tho humanitarian point of
view is tho most urgent. I believe
that Moscow and Petrograd will only
be captured after the bloodiest fighting ever witnessed. And even if
captured I fear as much that which
will happen afterwards.
White's Ghastly Terrors
"In Finland, it is officially stated
that between six and seven hundred
persons perished in the Bed Terror,
but over 25,000 workmen wore butchered in tho White Terror. The Bed
Terror may havo been bloody, but
tho White Torror was ghastly. There
are also, it is stated, betweon six
and seven million Jews in Bussia. I
wonder how many of these would
survive 1
"By our present policy we are
making friends of neither side in
Bussia. Tho reactionaries havo their
old assoeiations with the Oerman
Empire. The Soviet Bepublic, although it has, time and time again,
tried to make friends with the Allies—even at Brest-Litvosk it would
havo fought with the Allies against
Gormany—is not yet combined with
the Contra! Powers. But it has
everything to gain by speedy co-operation with Germany —. German
technical skill would be invaluable
in assisting the development of the
vast resources of Bussia.
"The military spirit of the Bed
army is now a revolutionary spirit.
But remember the French revolution!
And see to it that a Bussian Napoleon doea not arise!
For the Peace of tke World
"Beforo tho war we wore awod by
an early settlement is necessary. It
cannot wait. The snow was already
falling when I left Bussia.
"I believo peaee is obtainable immediately, but it will be more difficult than it was 12 months ago. Beeause the Allies kavo supplied arms,
ammunition and finances for the continuance of the civil war, and will
require all the economic and diplomatic pressure of the. Allies to bring
about peace. But I believe it can be
"A conference should be called, I
am awaro of the basis of discussion,
but if a conferonco should be called,
the invitation should oome an a proposal from ono of the Allied powers.
A. Vital Factor
"I would not venture to pose as a
mediator if I woro not conscious of
another factor—a vital factor; a factor which probably will be the deciding factor in Bussia. This is tho
Jewish question. Thero are bound up
in thc Zionist movement factors
which could as profoundly change
tho prosont constitution, of Bussia as
the raising of tho blockade-would do,
and the setting in motion again tho
wheels of industry and commerce.
"I believe that peace with Soviot
Bussia Is already within the scope of
sound, practical statesmanship. Bat
if oor statesmanship falls to grasp
at this possibility, they may later be
called to account for swelling the
frightful total of misery laid upon
humanity by the war.
"If the peoples sanction the continuance of this state of affairs, oar
government, which Is particularly responsible, will be guilty of one of
the grossest crimes in history."
Do you over go out-of your way
to patronize those who patronise usf
Further Hearing of
Perjury Charges
(Continued from page 1)
be surprised if a witness said ho
carried on conversation  in Bussian
for half an hourt
itness:   "I   wouldn't believe
Mr. Beid (again sneeringly):
f.tYou were very friendly witb Chokoff!"
. Witness:   "Tos." Sho briefly ex*
plained tho family relationships.
Mr. Reid:   " What time did yoh
'try to got tho doctor!"
•Witness: "I don't know. If I
•knew you'd require all this, I'd
Vlte it down."
girls. He'd speak more in English
than Bussian."
"Did you ever hear Dourasoff
have convorsations with Chokoff in
your houso f"
"That is not true."
"Or with Zukoff!"
"It isn't truo."
Aa to one occasion in March,'
when Chekoff was alleged to havo+i After sovernl questions as to diff*
said he belonged to a secret organ-'
ization, witness aaid: "It isn't'
true; because Chekoff was sick."
Mr. Beid objected to further questioning along thia line.
Mr. Bubinowitz: "Dourasoff says
he learned from your family that
Zukoff's names was Zuroff."
Witnoss: "Always called him
Mr. Bubinowitz then dealt with
the matter of Chekoff's boing sick
at the timo of his alleged seditious
activities, and witnoss explained
their difficulty in getting a doctor,
about March and April,- during the
"flu" period, though sho remembered Dr. McAlpine coming in Octobor.
Mr. Bubinowitz: "What about
the possibility of Chekoff going to
Butaeff's poolroom and taking part
in discussions, otc!"
Witness:   "He couldn't."
Counsel:   "And in June!"
Witnoss: "He'd come to me to
light a fire, and ho 'd sit by the fire
for hours and hours."
Mr. Bubinowitz: "If Chokoff
was well, what about tho possibility
of his running a gambling house in
the night!"
Witness: "He was heme every
night betweon 11 and 12."
"And Zukoff!"
"He couldn't have done it!"
"Tou slept at tho house yourself!"
Mr. Boid, in cross-examining, asked why witness did not toll the immigration board about tho Both epi-
side at the exhibition. Witness
said Mr. Bubinowitz forgot td ask
her. Counsel then suggested an
offer of $300 hahving been madefor
her father to bo let off.
Witness:/ "Nothing of the sort.
I told you the same then."
Alter further details as to ker
working out ''sometimes, Mr. Bold
asked how sho know that Chekoff
came home as stated,
Witness: "I never went te bed
till 12 o'clock."
Mr. Beid (sneeringly): "Did he
have to report to you!"
As to Chokoff not speaking Bus.
sian, Mr. Beid asked:   "Wouldyou
erin. montha, witnoss stated that in
MSy Chekoff waa still pretty weak
•*-*•" just went round the block, thcri
\t) would go to his room, light
fire,-and sit thore."
"Mr. Beid: "Tou don't know how
ftir ho went when you weren't with
Witness: "Ho wasn't out vory
long; I know that."
Mr. Beid: "You kept watoh on
Witnoss: "No; I nover kept
watch on him."
Asked if sho evor heard of a man
named Porfiry, she said: "No, I
don't bolieve that is a Bussian
name.' *■
Mr. Bubinowitz (re-cxaininor)i
"While working at Kell's poolroom, woro you home part of tho
Witness: "Yes; two-two weeks,
I had a sore throat."
Alexander Kuloff testified that he
knew Goo. Chokoff.
Mr. Bubinowitz: "It's boen
Bworn that ho read Bussian newspapers. What do you say of the
Mr. Roid intorposod: "The ovi-
donco will not bo that he read tho
papor; it was Porfiry, but Chokoff
wos thero."
Mr. Bubinokitz: "It's all right,
Mr. Boid. It says hero that tho snid
Goo. Chekoff had a nowspaper from
Seattlo, nnd was reading, and said
'Wo'll soon bo all ovor with tho
Canadian Govornmont.' "
Mr. Beid was understood to suggest it was a reportor's mistake.
Further questioned as to Chokoff's
ability to read, witness narrated
how he wrote a letter for Chekoff in
1917 at Granby Bay, in Asatiniaa.
Mr. Bubinowitz: "Chekoff ean't
read or writo Bussian!"
Mr. Boid: "I object t* ay
friend giving evidence."
Mr. Bubinowitz: "Can Chokoff
writo in any languago at all!"
Witness:   "No."
Mr. Beid: "I object te these
quostions." He also objected to
witness being asked when he Srat
know he would be required ta give
Overcoats from $15.00 up.
Fancy Check Mackinaws from $13.50.
Black Mackinaws from $12.50.
Stanfield's Underwear from $4.00 suit.
Union-made Overalls from $2.50 up.
Headlight Overalls.
Gloves from 50^ in leather.
Woolen Gloves at 60^ up.
Branch Store: 444 Main Street
Mr. Bubinowitz:   "Does Chekoff
speak muck Bussian!"
Witness:   "I don't think so."
Mr. Bubinowitz:   "Asatinlan is a
different language!"
Witness: "Altogether; wa got
nothing to do with Bussia."
Ur. Beid objected: "No discussion of Bussian history. It may
be very interesting at the proper
In cross-examination, witness repeated that he wrote tho letter at
Granby Bay. Ho was now working
at Vietoria aad gave his address.
Tho third witness at the hearing
was Sam Deeteroff, whom Dourasoff
had named as being prosont with
him at tbe various "meetings," etc.,
already frequently referred to, bui
whom the authorities had been "
able" to produoe at the immigration
inquiry, though pressed to do so.
Mr. Bubinowitz had recently heard
of his whereabouts and summoned
him to appear. He now tostifod
that he know Dourasoff, and had
boen constantly with him during a
period of three months and a half
prior to the arrests of Bussians hero
in July.
Mr. Bubinowiti: "It was said
that Dourasoff has been trying to
find you as a.witness."
Mr. Beid: "That's not tho
Mr. Bubinowitz: "You were not
called to give evidence at tho immigration oflico!"
Witness: "No."
Mr. Bubinowitz: "Dourasoff
says there was a meoting in tho Dcakoff houso, nnd talk about politics
and rovolution, and that you were
Witnoss: "No; I was thoro many
times, and there was no talk of rovolution."
Mr. "Bubinowitz: "It was said
that Chekoff said they'd soon finish
with tho Canadian courthouse."
Witnoss: "No discussion at all.
Chokoff can't talk politic. He is
not a Bussian."
Mr. Bubinowitz:   "Dourasoff Bays
that Zukoff took part in this dls*
Witness:   '' Zukoff can't talk.''
"Dourasoff sworo that thero wns
suoh a meeting on 2»lh April."
"No, nor any other timo. If so,
I would soe and know. I was with
Dourasoff nil thc timo."
"!Did you ever hear discussion at
the Dcakoff houso at tho time of the
strike—talking revolution!"
Mr. Boid: "Thero is no allegation of thnt."
Mr. Bubinowitz: "On any of
theso occasions when you were with
Dourasoff at Deakoff's house, did
you ever hear—!"
Mr. Beid: "I suppose it's on the
principlo of having more witnesses
say they didn't than say they did."
Mr. Bubinowitz: "Ever hear
anybody there say they were membors of tho Bussian Workers, Bolsheviki, etc.!"
Witnoss: "No."
I Tho magistrate here demurred,
and Mr. Bubinowitz started to say
that if his worship realized the at*
mosphere of the immigration inquiry, etc.—
Mr. Beid objected, and Magistrate
Shaw said shortly:
"I'm only glad I wasn't there,"
Mr.   Bubinowitz    (to   witness):
"Did you hear Chekoff or Zukoff
soy they ran n gambling house, or
anything liko that!"
Witness:    "No."
Asked further as to his acquaintance with Dourasoff, witnoss said:
"I seo him all the timo."  Ho was
with him at Kelt's poolroom.
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Run by a
Chinaman; you know that!"
Witness replied: ' "Yes;" but
Mr. Boid objected.
Mr. Bubinowitz: "During this
time, what would bo Dourasoff's
Mr. Beid: "Where's the chargo!"
Tf Dourasoff had boon taking cocaine, etc., that was a lino of defenso, but thoy were not availing
themselves of it.
Mr. Rubinowitz suggested Donra*
soft's condition might havo had
something to do with the charges he
Magistrate: "He's responsible
for tho statements he mado; I don't
caro what condition lio wus in!"
Then ,as counsel still wrangled togethor, ho added angrily, "Oh!
please go on."
Mr. Reid now began cross-examination by means of tho interpreter.
Witnoss repeated that ho was with
Dourasoff lots of times at tbe
Dcakoff house; Chekoff and Zukoff
and tho two girls wore there. Of
Porfiry ho seemed doubtful.
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Ask him about
Magistrate: "Mr. Roid was cross-
On furthor questioning, it appeared that witness knew Porfiry, but
had not seon him at Doakoff's house.
Mr. Beid then questioned him as
to being threatened after the Hussion arrests. Witness said ho line]
not beon threatened, but was afraid
of being implicated with Dourasoff,
ns tho Bussian women wore very
angry at him having introduced
IDourasoff among them.
Mr. Beid: ',' Thero's a letter you
wrote to Dourasoff!"
Witness: "Yes."
Mr. Beid: "Don't you say
this that thoy were threatening to
kill you!"
Witnoss looked ovor tho lotter,
and replied "No."
Mr. Boid: "There's a transla
Mr. Bubinowitz: "Why not lot
tho witness translate it! I won't
accept that translation."
Mr, Reid (derisively): "He says
the man cau't speak English, and
ho wants him to translate it."
Mr. Bubinowitz: "no speaks
Mr. Roid: "How long after writ
ing thnt letter did you go away!11
Tho answer, as given by tho interpreter, wns not satisfactory to Bar
noy Both, ono of tho uccuscd, who
therefore suggested an amendment.
Tho interpreter warmly resented the
interference and started away from
tho stand with tho remark:
"If there's anything wrong, you'd
bettor do it yourself."
Mr. Roid smoothed matters over,
and continued questioning as to
dates. The witness apparently did
his best to figure things out, but
said he could aot exactly toll. His
calculations wero apparently at
fault, for Mr. Baid triumphantly
hold up tho letter stamped July 28.
Witness repeated: "I cant exactly remember tho dates."
Mr. Beid: "Does he remember
(Continued ea page »)
$40 OP
$55 UP
is just upon tis. Think of
other* but think alao of yourselves and, too, think of ns.
We want to make your
we'd Uke to have • few dayi
to do it in so as to give as-a
chance to do you, and ourselves,
credit. Wo cannot possibly take
your orders on Christmas Evo to
have your suit for yoa to wear
on Christmas Day, No, Sir) Wo
aro tailor men, working witk our
hands aad making to exact and
painstaking individual measurement and style. We kave ao elec-'
trie methods. Wo believe in sterling, sound, sane system, with a
lot of handwork—yes asd head-
work, too—put into our suits, so'
that we got them right—just
right and perfect ia all respects
—our priees sre right, too.
Prices (or dental work.that remain the
same—both the work and the prices 'standardized. This is the method I pursue—the principle upon whioh I am building my practice. The priees
you will find posted on my walls aud they stand for the
most careful workmanship at every stage, no matter how
complicated or how simple the work required. The
law docs not permit the publishing of dental priees, but
mine are posted conspicuously on my walla snd never
vary. The schedule covers dentistry ef every kind, from
fillings to bridgework and plates. My careful examination will reveal your requirements, the priee of whicli you
may figure for yourself.
pamraas,   rrousHus,   sib-
Union Oflclali, writi for prteci.
none Ssy. SU      Day or Night
Nunn, Thomson * Olegg
531 Homer St  Vancouvor, & 0,
;Where Tour Dollars Buy the Mott and the Best!
To Judge Our Clothes Values
Go the limit in your investigations to get down to real facts
IT'S A PIPE for auy stoic to holler that their clothes
values arc thc best on earth, but there's a difference in
"coming across" with thc goods.
We're not bellowing forth any exaggerated claims. We're
perfectly satisfied to put it up to you to judge whether
there is a store in Vancouver that can givo you better
clothes—better style—better quality than we do.
And—we're putting it up to you to compare our prices
with those of other stores. You'll understand in a minute
why we don't have to holler. You'll find that we're
"coming across" with everything that the other fellows
•re hollering about—but at prices a heap less than the
other fellows ask you to pay.
$23, $27, $30, $35,
$40, $45, $50
Sold With a Guarantee tha Guarantees
117 Hastings Street West
(Next Door to Woodward'*)
;Where Tour Dollars Boy the Host and the Best; PAGE POUR
eleventh teab. wo. 4*     THE BK1TJ.SH UULUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. c.
FBIDAT. .December S, WIS
Published every Friday morning by The B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
A.  S.   WELLS...
Office:   Lnbor  Templo,   405  Dunsmuir  Street
Tolephono Seymour 5871
Subscribtion Bates: United Statos and Foreign,
$2.50 per year; Canada, $2.00 per year; to
Unions subscribing in a body, $1.60 por
meiabor per year. -  ^^
Unity of Labor: The Hope of the World
..December 5, 1919
TRUE TO FORM, thc daily press all
over the country misrepresented tho
results of the Winnipeg civic elections.
They, and the class they represent, can
take all the satisfaction out of the results that they can find,
THEYAJRE but with conditions as
WELCOME to thc municipal i'ran-
_0 IT. chise as they obtain in
Winnipeg, and any other
city in this country, the results are a distinct victory for labor. Farmer, the labor
candidato for mayor, received more votes
in the election than did both of the can-
' didates in th© previous year, This in itself
shows an added strength on the part of
the workers, but the most remarkable part
of labor's achievement was in the winning
of two aldermanic seats, and this in spite
of the property vote From information
received from Winnipeg wo learn that labor was swamped by thc non-resident and
property votes. To have faced the plural
voting, and all that this entails in thc aldermanic contests, and which was no
doubt carried on in the mayoralty contest,
and to havo gained two seats is a wonderful achievement. The wholesale houses
brought in their salesmen so that they
could vote, and every method that could
bo used was used by the Citizens' Committee and ita supporters to defeat labor, and
they signally failed. Labor, as already
stated, winning two seats. .
,   » * *
The election waa described by tho Citizens' Committee and the opponents of labor aa a elass fight. We have no doubt
it was, and while Socialists are accused
of bringing about class warfare, wc have
realized for a long time that it is not men
or women who cause thc class war, but
conditions. That the general strike and
the tactics adopted by the employui g class
and the government during that struggle
has clearly defined the class lines is not
thc fault of the workers, the class fight
started' to more clearly manifest itself in
the strike, and the workers as well as the
employing class saw it,%nd evidently took
up the challenge, and if the working clasa
had the aame privileges in the way of
' franchise at the ruling clasa and ita supporters, the result would have been a landslide for labor. The odds were at least
two to one ia favor of the Citizens' Committee candidates, and no matter what
they can now say, there is no doubt that
the owner* of sufficient property to enable
them to vote In all seven wards cast class-
; conscious votes. The workers did likewise
and brought home at least part of the
bacon, in spite of the odds. The members
of the rating elass of this country can
have all the satisfaction they ean get out
of the elections, but the fact remains that*
they did not get what they Wanted by a
long way, and in their secret conclaves
there must be much gnashing of teeth and
fear for the future. In winning a game
with the cards stacked against them, the
workers of Winnipeg have certainly nothing to be downhearted about. Well
done, Winnipeg, stay with the game—yon
are on the right track.
gamo of the ruling class that banned him
from his native country. No, no, Emme-
line, you will have to get your anti-Socialistic propaganda a little more refined than
such clumsy attempts before you will be
worth the price.
* * *
Another attempt to discredit the working class movement was her statement as
to the nationalization of women in Russia. She stated that the stories of the nationalization of women were true in spite
of the denials. Now it is not nice to have
any woman lie, and so Wa will bo charitable and suggest that she get in touch with
Professor W. T. Goods who, in the Manchester Guardian, gives a denial to these
stories, and get the real information from
him on this subject. So that our readers
may have the opportunity of comparing
the statements of Mrs. Pankhurst with
those of Professor Goodc, wc give thc
professor's, they are as follows:
The best disproof of the nationalization .story was the visible condition of women. "Homo life goes on
in tho country, among thc peasants,
as bef6re. In towns family life continues, and one saw constantly whole
families taking tho air on tho boulevards, in thc zoological gardens, and
on Sunday in the children's theatres.
"In thc great factories at Serpuk-,
hof, and at the immense waterworks
of Moscow, tho greatest possible car©
is taken for improving the conditions
under which the workmen live, just
in order that they may lead family
life. I went into their houses and into
the flats provided and saw for myself.
"Marriage is a civil function, but
no hindrance is placed in the way of
a further religious ceremony, should
the parties desire it, But the hardest
blow is dealt against the 'frce-lovft'
belief by the following fact—4here is
to all appearance, no open prostitution in Moscow."
As for the children, Professor
Goode says, "To my thinking, there
is no country in the world where
more caro, monoy, and thought are bestowed on the children by the government than in Russia today.'J
* * *
Now, if Mrs. Pankhurst is really desirous of defeating Bolshevism, and is not
in the business for what there is in it,
we would suggest that she return home to
the Old Land, take a hand in the elimination of th© commercialization of women
that prcyaila in that country and assist
in bringing into being th© new order of
society, which will give to the women snd
children of Great Britain such conditions
as Professor Goode states do not exist in
any country outside of Russia. In the
meantime the Socialists of this land will
gladly wait for tho result of her activities on these lines, and if she accomplishes
her object as we have outlined, then wc
will meekly follow in her footsteps; failing this, we shall havo to do the best we
can without her aid, for her recent remarks in this oity would lead us to believe that she ia talking through her
MRS. PANKHURST, one time active
direet actionist, and unconstitu-
tionalist, who defied the laws of the land
in which she sought to bring about
changes, has been with us, and like all
other busy-bodies, who
A CHANOE have nothing else to do,
TO MAKE has given ua a lot of ad-
OOOD. vice.     Today   she   la
strong for constitutional methods, and absolutely opposed to direct action -Being a woman we arc inclined to be lenient with her verbosity,
but we cannot allow her to have the last
word on this occasion. So long as she
confined her activities to things which
she had some little knowledge of, she did
not do much harm, but when she enters
into the realms of international, and
working class movements, and makes misstatements and generally demonstrates her
lack of knowledge of things as they arc—
to put it in the most charitable way possible—wo are compelled to take exception
to her statements and her conclusions.
» # •
In her attempts to discredit the Socialist movement, which she did by her references to Earl Marx, and which she no'
doubt finds a very remunerative employment, not only did she depart from the
facts, but she concealed much that should
have been said, and by so doing, gave
false impressions. To show how insinoero
Marx was she is reported as quoting from
letters exchanged with a.Manchcstcr merchant, 'in whieh Marx said, "Bismark is
playing our game," inferring that in view
of the faet that tho merchant referred to
was a German, that Marx referred to Germany's game. As a matter of fact, the
manufacturer he wroto to was Frederick
Engels, a fellow Socialist, and collaborator, with whom Marx worked in conjunction for years, and Marx realized that Bismark with his imperialistic aims, and projects, was playing tho game of the Socialists, which all Imperialists do
even if they are not aware of it.
It was hardly likely that Marx,
who had been driven from Germany, Belgium and France, by the ruling class of
those countries, because of his activities
on behalf of the working class of the
world, and becauso of his able exposure
of the profit system, would bc playing the
*-* Stirling, accuses us of making a misstatement, and of evading an argument.
If Mr. Stirling will again read the editor,
ial in question, he will find that we have
not mis-stated any-
ANOTHES thing  that  he  has
EFFORT TO said, but quoted his
CONVINCE, stotement, and then
gavo our opinion. In
the letter in question, he stated that labor
power is a commodity. We took tho position that he only believed this, and did
not know it—and thero is a vast difference between believing and knowing—or
he would not bother nbout taxes. A column of questions are easy things to deal
with in an editorial of similar length, and
Mr. Stirling, in his letters, deals with so
many things, and raises so many points
which he is not very clear on, that we
dealt with tho fundamentals only, and not
thc side issues.
• •        •
, We arc, however, interested to learn
that commodities exchange at a price
above their value, and particularly much
concerned as to the information supplied
in the latest letter, as to labor power selling at a price above its value. If during
the last few years labor power has been
disposed of on the market at a price above
its value, we would ask our questioner,
tliis question: If the workers have, during
the war period, been getting a price for
their labor power in excoss of its value,
what wcro they receiving prior to tne
war, when the real wage of th© worker
was much higher than at any timo during
the war period or since. Instead of
unions being able to secure a price for
lubor power higher than its value, thcir
main activities have bcen directed 'towards securing the market price for labor
power which is the monetary expression
of the value. It msy at times vary, and
be a little below, or a littlo above, but in
the main, labor power is liko all other
commodities, sold at its valuo, which is
determined by the amount of sociol necessary labor power for its reproduction.
Price is tho monetary expression of this
vulue. Wc have yet to learn of a case
where labor power has been sold on tho
market to any great extent at a price
greatly exceeding th© monetary expression of its value.
Tho supply of labor power being at all
times greater than the demand, unloss under very exceptional circumstances, and
thc faot that real wages wcro reduced
during the war period, when there was
supposed tp be a shortage of labor, proves
this assertion.
♦ •        •
Th© references of our correspondent to
China, and the prioe of labor power in
that country, provo very conclusively that
ho has not yet grasped what determines
the valuo of labor power. It is, the oost
of reproduction, which includes provision
for reproducing more slaves, and in accordance with tho standard of living in
any country, which is again largely determined by the methods of production in
any given country, custom also playing a
part. Our correspondent'has ovidently
not yet grasped the fact that custom is a,
factor in determining the standard of living, and is often a relic of a previous state
of society, with its obsclcte methods of
production. Just as feudalism left behind it traces of that system, and whiftb
have not yet been eradicated. Tho next
two paragraphs taken from his letter, are
sufficient answers to themselves withofit
us in any way showing the contradici(<)jn
in them; they are too plain to require any
elucidation. *   I
«        *        * .iii
It is sheer nonsense to contend that
theatres and tobacco, and booze, and
woollen underclothing, and oranges,
and pianos, and canned music, and
autos, and watches, and meerschaum
pipes, and fiddles and cameras, and
the thousand and ono other things
upon which Labor spends its surplus
sre necessary for the efficiency of th©
slaves. It is bogging the entire question.
These things represent a rise in the
standard of living, which has been
forced from the masters iii countries
where tho slaves sre not too prolific,
by thc combination of thc workers,
and also by the competition amongst
the masters themselves for thc most
efficient slaves, (Tho emphasis is
*        *        «
In replying to a question of our correspondent, which asked us to state whether
thc workers were foolish to striko for
higher wages, we pointed.out that thc
workers did not strike in theso days for
higher wages, but.agSinst a reduced standard of living, and in spite of what many
trades unionists may think, many strikes
are extremely foolish. They are foolish
inasmuch as they are strikes i'pr more
money, aud commenced whon the market
is unfavorable, and make it impossible for
them to succeed. Wc have other strikes
in this Province of recent date in mind,
whioh were not only foolish, but showed
that tho workers fell into the trap laid
for them by their employers. Yet at that,
in spite of the foolish strikes, the workers
are compelled to adopt this method to re
sist a falling standard of living, brought
about not by the lowering of the money
wages, but duo to thc depreciation of the
medium of exchange. Ju our reply to
Mr. Stirling, wc said that the workers
would strike. We also said that tjie)
would do many foolish things. They \fi]l_
and they will strike foolishly, and tpij'
will strike because they arc compelled to,
but eventually thoy will have to take over
the means of wealth production, and then
taxes will cease to worry the working
clsss, and the need for them will disap
pear. If this does not satisfy our cojrcj
poudent, wc would suggest that he.Bali
one question at a time, so that we can fpve
au answer in one column, and wc will
deal with them serriatum. But wc Can
not write a boijk aud publish it in one
issue of an eight-page paper and elucidate
all thc points that any individual ean
raise in a letter of the length of those
written by Mr. Stirling. Tho question'is
do the workers pay taxes. We say cm
photically no, and have tried to conviuce
our correspondent, and if wc have failed
there is always two ways of looking at a
question, and wo might write for a year
and not convince any individual, but that
may not bc our fault.
To Control Development
of Industries—Wide
Powers Are Given
The New Zealand govornment has
introduced into tho parliament of
that country a Board of Trade Bill
with the express purpose of dealing
with the profiteers. Under tho machinery croatod by the bill, a department of industries and commerce
will be set up, consisting of the min
•inter in charge of tho Board of Trade
and tho necessary officials. The* functions of this board includes tho con.
trol and dovelopment of industries,
Wido powers are to bo given to thc
board in regard to judicial inquiries,
which it may instituto on its own
motion, on reference from the government, or on tho complaint of any
person regarding tho carrying on of
industries in New Zealand, unfair
competition, and othor practices detrimental to the public wclfaro, and
propor regulations of lho prices of
goods. It is proposed that powor bo
given to tho Board of Trado to publish information, and its commands
thereon. Heavy penalties aro pro-
Vidod for persons or firms convicted
of profiteering.
Liko Bteps aro also being taken by
some of the Australian State governments, whilo, tho Australian Fedoral
government is to tnko a referendum
of the electors of [hat country next
December to got an alteration of tho
constitution to allow of tho profiteers being dealt with.
Workers' Liberty Bond Buttons
are lscuod to evory purchaser of a
bond. Have you got yours yet Get
behind a button and show that you
are willing to holp all you can the
defense of tho men arrested tu Winnipeg.
Get Tour Bond at the Fed. Office
"During the Liberty Bond campaign
the Federationist Office will bo open
each evening to 10 o'clock, Saturdays included, so that those desirous
of aiding the defenso of tho work-
em arrested ln Winnipeg can be supplied with bonds without any difficulty. Get behind a button, this Is
your fight.
Where is your union buttont
Soul-Thrilling Drama
"Dawn O'er the
Save Money on Drugs
arooifcu ros no* and sat.
50o Zambuk  ....  ................. ••■•990
>1.00  Bod  Opto -.. -7flc
500 Brooks Barley ...^~.~....~.~~..&Be
25c Mlnnrd'i Liniment   ....17c
60o Peps *. ~ 880
$1,50 Scott's  Emulsion  fl.O*
50a Reid'B Ecsenm Ointment  28c
2fia Mentholatum ._ JM
|1.00 Herptcida* 69c
SOo Reid's Kidney Pills  20c
OOo Murine 89c
26c Reid's  Corn  Cum   - 17c
50c FruitAtives   -. 380
25o Boeckam's Fills   - 10c
J 1.00 Reld'i Liver Tonic  52c
1.75   Sanagen %-*"
50c Fbrmainint    - 87c
60o Limestone Phosphate  36c
250 Mennen's Talcum  14c
500 Syrup of White Pino and Tar.SOc
25c Aromatic Cascara   17c
26o Aspirin Tablets, 1 doi 40o
8  (or  25C
25o Castor Oil 170
26o Msiol .... e WC
500 A: B. 8. * C. Tablets  250
lOo Vaseline —■ Be
10c Epsom Salts,  Boracic Acid, Sulphur, Camphorated Chalk ........ SO
20c Empiro  Bath   Soap   -..-100
25o Snap  180
500 Bland's Pills  ~ 26c
Above Prices Include War Tu
Vancouver Drug Co.
—81x Stores—
406 Ha>llci|a  St. W Ser.    1»0S
7 Heitlnm St. W.... Bey.   96S3
412 Main   St : Sej*.   8088
782 Oranvllle St Ser*   7018
1700 Commercial Dr High.   338
Oranvllle and Broadway ... Bay.    8314
"Rich texture treatments are combined with
exceedingly tasty pattern
"Precise tailoring emphasizes the distinctive
style innovations of our
Semi-ready Suits.
'' Characteristics that
are desirable and pleasing
help make these the highest quality clothes.
"The finest impression
you obtain from their outward attractions is lived
up to by the inside tailoring—
"Tho integrity of ths
price iu the pocket—tho
same price West as East
—has never been questioned."
6S5 Granville
Other Big Foatnwe
Matiaeo  2.30
Eveningi 8.20
A Birks' Watch is one of the best Christmas gifts
possible. Wo give just one or two examples!—
A Bracelet Watch In fineat fold-fillod caee,....|B0 up
A Bracelet Watch In ft eolld gold case 115 np
Solid gold Wrlitlet Watch     125 np
Storling Silver and Flnt French Enamel Watchel,
in exquisite design! ...» .  (80 np
Solid gold Watches ln excluaire shapes, with fint
leather straps ..f 70 np
Our Watch Department offers suggestions of Christmas
gifts for everyone. But the same advice applies: SHOP
Geo. E. Trorey
Managing Dir,
Oranvllle and
Oeorgia Sts.
Contains No Alum
Puss The' Foderationist along and
help get new subscribers.
During the week Mr. H. H. Stevens,
M. P., has expressed his views on the immigration question as it affects this country.   In thc course of his   remarjes   he
stated that the British immigrants were
tho best, and that Americans who came
to this country had only to be taught that
they were not leaving behind  tho  only
home of freedom and truth on thc face of
the earth.  He also referred to the foreign
Immigrants that had come to this country before the war.   We, regret that Mr.
Stovcns did not deal with   the   amendments to tho Immigration Aot passed at
tho last session of the House,  and  we
take it that nothing was said about them,
as no roferenco is mado in the press to
him having dealt with them.   He niight
have pointed out that British immigrants
are subject to thc same treatment under
tho amendments referred to as are those
from southern Europe, and that they can
be deported without triul in a court of
justice, but by order of government employees, who sit en camera, and the subject of investigation has no chance of appeal from the findings of thc tribunal. It
is a pity Mr. Stevens did not give
views on the necessity for the amendments in question, and which were passed
by tho House without debate.   He must
have known that they were passed, and
we can only wonder ot his silence on these
matters, especially when he has referred
to the desirability of tho British settlor*.
He might also have pointed out that the
immigrants from southern Europe, thfd
other parts of the world, came to t)»s
country on solicitation by the Canadian
Government, and that considerable monfly
was spent ill the inducing of these people
to come to this country.  Thc cry was f o»
more and cheaper labor.  Labor organizations raised a protest against tho iqi$$;
gration polioy of tho country, but it .iyaij
without avail; tlio employing class ooni
trols the government, and its wishes jft'e-
vailed.   Will Mr. Stevens, when ho rMt
speaks on the question   of   immigration
give us an assurance that the employer^
wish will not again determine the kind" of
immigrant that shall come to tliis country?  Will ho assure us lhat they will not
bo deported under the infamous amendments to tho Immigration  Act  if  they
raiso thcir voices in protest against thc
system of cxploitaton and wage slavery?
Theso are questions that prospective immigrants in the old land aro now considering, for they have heard of these amendments.
Enthusiasm for Co-Op.
The Board of Directors and the membership of "OUB
STOBE" aro very much enthused over the way thc store
is being patronized. The entire staff have been on the
jump since last Saturday and the orders are piling, up
faster than they can be attended to and despatched. This
will be remedied as soon as everything gets properly organized and the needs of the membership known.
In the meantime "stick to the Co-op." and if there is
anything that needs to be remedied help to have it remedied hy talking it over with the manager or the Board of
Vancouver Co-Operative Society, Ltd.
Phone Sey. 493 41 Pender St, Weit
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St. W.      ::      Vancouver, B. C.
In spite of injunctions the coal itrike
still continues in tho U. S. A, Poople are
freezing to death, and cndlcsi suffering ie
entailed. This is not Socialism, or in
Soviot Russia. And then thc ruling olasi
talks of anarchy under labor rule,  .
-At J. N. Harvey's Olothing Store-
Men's Rubberized
Tweed Coats $22.50
This opportunity comes only once in a long, long time.
• Buy yourself an extra good quality—heavy rubberized-
lined Coat now—bo warm and comfortable—and save
monoy—all sizes.
J. N. Harvey
123-125-127 Hastings St
614-616 Yatei Street, Vletorit
Look tor tbe Big Bed Arrow Sim  ■
Its greatest gas strength
makes it moro economical
in use, and it is absolutely
pure and wholesome,
(Save Coupons for" premium!)
"Malkia's Bnt" Baking Powder li absolutely para (contains no alum) and the ingredients are plainly marked oa
everv tin.
ia exemplified ia the highest
degree at thla establishment.
aro as pleasing as the servlot
Deotel Nurse in Attendance
Corner Robson Btreet
Open Evenings 7 to 8
Phone Seymour 6238
The Not line et —0
Olosea en December 10th, 1119
K Von »r. contemplatta uMaf
new icrvlM, or making ur eheojee
ln or addition! to yonr pniant aar*
vlca. yoa ahonld Band la notification,
in writing, not later tban tta abera
date, in order that yon may take advantago oi tb. new directory llatingl.
Bank of Toronto
Aueta over 1100,000,000
Deposit!   70,000,000
Joint Saving! Account
A JOINT Ballon Account aay ba
opined et Tba Buk el Torento
la tba nam. ef twa or mora
penoni. In Iktee aeewuts ettkar
party mar algn cheqt-.ee er dopoill
money, hr the dUTerent maabora
or a family er a Ira » Joint aewut
la altn a treat convenience. Intereat
la paid en balaneaa.
Vanconver Branek:
Branebee atI
TIrt.ua,   Merrill, Bew WaiMMat
Men'i Hatten and Outfitter!
630 Oranvllle Street
619 Haitingi Street WM
Rob Roy
Modem—Every Convenience
Bot end Oold Water in Every
FIBST-0US8 BAB        /
Proprletren:       UBS.    WRIGHT
Late ol tba Victor Hotel
833 Ahhott Btreet
of Toronto, general secretary Canadian Brotherhood Foderation. Solo,
'Oro Pro Nobis/ Mr. James Dunlop,
Poors Open 2:30 p.m.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value. *
3,1   Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
845 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
1110 Oeorgt» Streel
Sunday iorvioos, 11 a.m. nnd 7.80 p.m.
Sunday school immediately following
morning sorvice. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Fret reading room,
001008   Dirks   Bldg.
Ou    buainess    li    saving
money fer your  family  ana
for yos.
Phone Sey. 710
421-86 B0OEB8 BLDtt
Prov. Manager.
Blag ap Plone Seymour B3M fer
Dr. W. J. Curry
MM SOI Dominion Building
vancouveb, _, a
Mr. Un'.on Man, le yoa buy at a
union itorel v. L'T**-_t-*ta_i!_i___
...December 8, 1019
blevbmth tBAB. Ko. a    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. &
We make the straight claim that then is no batter
sold in Vanoouver that equals Fraier Valley Butter.
Here's the Proof
It is today bcing'used on the tables of the best families in the city.
The sales are increasing week by week—-practically
every trial order means a steady customer.
It took Four First Prizes at the New Westminster
Exhibition—in open competition, to whioh all
creameries were eligible.
We deliver tliis Butter from ou wagon* — order yonr
week's supply tomorrow when our wagons pass—or call up
Fairmont 1000.
Fraser Valley Dairies, Ltd.
"The Sunlit Dairy"   '
Eighth Avenue and Yukon Street
R-esh Churned
mttamim ma mtom «*i hmtc
There's no
Butter "just
as good."
Spiritualism and the Church
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized $ 25,000,000
Capital Paid-up „„.„..__.„___.„.$ 16,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 17,000,000
Total Assets  $460,000,000
690 branchei in Canada, Newfoundland ud Britiih
W«t Indiei.   .
Aim branches in London, England; New Tork Oity and
Barcelona, Spain.
Fourteen branches iB Vsncouvsr:
Main Oflico—Cornor Hastings and Homer Streets.
Corner Main and Hastinga Streets.
Corner Oranvllle and Bobson Streete.
Cornor Bridge Street and Broadway West
Cornor Cordova and Carrall Streets,
Cornor Granville and Davie Streots. *
- Cornor OranviUe nnd Seventh Avenue West.
1050 Commercial Drive. f
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street.    v
3016 Yew Stroet.
Cornor Eighth Avonue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Kingsway Branoh and 25th Avenue Branch.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 29 other
points in British Columbia.
One dollar opens nn account on which interest ia paid half-yearly
at current ratea.
Manager Vancouver Branch
O. W. FBAZEE, Vancouver,
Supervisor for B. O.
The One Big Union
Published hy the Winnipeg Central Lahor Oounoil
Bead the News from the Prairie Metropolis
Subscription price $2.00 per year; $1.00 for tiz monthi
Address all communications to
J. Houston, Boom 1,630 Main St., Winnipeg, Kan.
Canadian National Railways
Nine Month Limit
Through Tourist and Standard Blaaplnff Oara
Daily Trains commencing Oetobar 6th
Full information from
101 Haitingi St W. Vancouver, B, a
Named Shoes are frequently made
in Non-union factories
No matter what itB name, unless
it bean a plain and readable impression of this UNION STAMP.
All Shoea-.without the UNION STAMP are always Non-union
Do not accept any excuse for absence of the Union Stoop
COLLIS LOVELY, Oenonl President—OHAS. L. BAINE, General 8m.-Tt«m.
In the innermost fold of the?
church thore ia much pertuberation
and the mitred end gait ered prelates,
through the combined wisdom and
indignation of a convention are to
evolve methods to combat the growing ovil of Spiritualism; and doubtless this convention will result A3
tho majority of conventions do in
much solemn posing, in torrents of
platitudinous vorbiuge; in many
forms of self-demonstrated wisdom
and rectitude and in smoke.
Until tho last decade or two the
churches have had a monouoly of the
spirits and havo disposed of them in
tho various ingenious ways which
suited the peculiar tonets of each of
the sects; but out of the mysterious
rapping* of a table, which may have
been the result of any one of sevoral causes, has giWn a spirit
theory accredited by a groat host of
poaple who aro anxious to supplement the faith imposed by their
churches by a Uttle practical proof
and luJnco the ouija boards, plan*
chottes aad shadowy seances with
their "various modes of procodure.
But this desire for supplementary
ovidonce ,ultLough reasonable and
legitimate, .does not please the dignitaries of tho churches, who stigmatize the phenomena of spiritualism
diabolical and assort that its
study must induce insanity in the
It mar certainly, but to assert that
these phenomena are the work of
evil spirits is a two-sided soft of argument, which may bo turned
against themselves, for if the evil
spirits are, able to demonstrate thcir
continued existence through these
channels, then it cannot be open to
doubt that the souls of the righteous
also, tho departed bishops, politicians and rulers genorally can use
the samo channels, unless the just reward for thoir earthly perfection,
which they aro enjoying now, are
too absorbing to allow them to remember thoir former friends. I
think this may be possible, and that
the erratic and trivial revelations
may bo ill-timed practical jokei of
the evil spirits, probably O. B. tJ.
men or other lost souls, who may
iind in them some little distraction
from their woll-doservcd miseries.
I am only theorizing, of course, as
are the Spiritualists with their
spirits, and the churchos with their
However, it will be interesting to
watch tho proceedings of thcir convontion, and note tho form which
thcir resolution will assume.
If it ends in prayers for light, and
a greator gift of logical oloquence to
combat tho alleged evil, a lack of
which gift the convention itself is
the proof ,thcn all sensible men will
commend them for their attitude,and
admire them for their fervor; but if
they attempt, by any means, to gaih
the intervention of the legislature in
the matter, they will have to ad-
vanco more than mere theories to
support their claim.
To assert that the phenomena of
Spiritualism is a form of diabolism,
is to assert nothing, unless the proof
of the assertion is forthcoming and
it is lifted out of the haze of theory
and into tho reality of fact To assert that it is tho cause of insanity
and bring proof of that, statemont,
would constitute certainly a good
reason for its suppression, but the
same argument applies, to religion,
for many terrible crimes can be
traced to religious mania, and ao
quito as logically the spiritualists
might demand a suppression of the
When wo have men liko Lodge of
England and Hyslop of America,
eminent men of scionco trained to
tho highest skill in methodical Investigation, with minds unprejudiced
to the last degree, seeking truth
only, after long years of patient
effort announcing that thoy are convinced of the survival of tho spirit
after death, it is plain that our
clerical friends are up against a serious problom to prove thoir pet theory
of diabolism or to gain the support
of the publio by a process of persuasion.
Who is thoro among ns that has
not lost a friend, a relative or a
lover, and who wonld not exchange
all tho treasures tho world can give
for the eortain knowledge that death
is not* death but,the glorious gateway beyond which is . reunion of
broken ties and severed love; and
faith only, though as beautiful and
as essential as it has bcen described,
can not give this assurance; and if
there is a possibility, aa those trained investigators assert, that spirit*
ualism may ultimately roveal the
existence of that world of waiting
spirits, then our spiritual dignitaries
may rest assured that in spite of all
thoir efforts of suppression that
proof will be long and earnestly
sought for—and in spite of the faet
that a few of the weaker vessels
may faltor into madness in the attempt.
A reason always precedes a resolve, and it is a legitimate proceeding to try and discover the reaeon
of any undertaking which may ultimately affect the livos an dthe lib
ertios of the people.
Thero can only, I think, be one
of two reasons which hai urged our
spiritual masters and guides to
bring their massed intelligence and
-Influence to bear upon this question
of tapping the spirits for information.
Either they are seriously and anxiously concerned for the spiritual
welfare of the souls entrusted to
their care and whom they truly believe this unchristian table-rappinp
may bancfully affect, or they see in
the wholo business an influence
which mny ultimately woakon their
hold upon their flocks and so undermine the very foundations of their
mighty structure, the Church, and I
am of tho opinion that tho former
consideration ha» influenced them
most in forming their resolve,
though the latter probably has exercised some subconscious influenco
upon thcir deliberations.
In tho past I have recoived much
good advico and some consolation
from tho officers and the ceremonioi
of these same churches, and as most
of thoso officers now are in the land
of tho spirits, whioh fact deepens
and Softens my gratitude, I am going in return to offer a little advice to the present leaders and officers of these churches.
I do so humbly and respectfully
us becomes a poor, obscure working
man, yet I do io conscious that I
speak under the influence of that
flood of light that is shining into the
minds of man today, revealing the
great truth whieh is ultimately to
regenerate the whole of mankind
and convert our sin-ruled world into
[By Nemesis]
a moral paradise that ahall match its
physical excellence and ennoble iti
OI ye priests and prelates who
look upon the struggling worid of
humanity from your eminence
spiritual knowledge and by your
saintly love for yonr fellow men are
eager to array your forces on their
behalf when the powers of the master of evil are exerted for their undoing, do you ever in your moments
of meditation lot your thoughts
dwell on the genoral state of anarchy which prevails on the earth today and calmly and logically seek
the cause for that state of thingaf
Tou are aware, of course, that
there is a cause—one fundamental
cause—for the violence, the bloodshed, the poverty, tho disease, the
suffering and the tears we flnd so
universally in evidence in evory misnamed civilization on earth.
That you have some concern for
tha miseries of mankind is evidenced in your relief committees
and soup kitchens and othor sticking-plaster methods of roHef which
may alleviate but eannot oure and
are administered in the name of
charity, which leaves a sting bohind
in the conscious of the recipient and
hence the exhibition of ingratitude
you so often doploro.
As long as tho causo of any ovil
is obseuro thore can bo little hopo of
any permanent and radical alleviation of its results, and for long ages
tho dark curtain of ignorance has
veiled the truth from man's eyes
and his child mind has been misled
by the mystical explanations to account for his miseries and his attitude has been ono of hopeless resignation; but tho curtain is lifting and
tho, illuminating rays of the rising
truth already are ^dispelling his
darkness and fllling his future with
u bright and glorious hope.
Already he sees that a conception
which created him in sin and mado
him responsible for that sin and its
resulting miseries is illogical and
heathenish and cannot any longer be
Ho sees with elear and convincing
vision that his1 destiny is in his
own hands and must be worked out
by his own efforts, and he knows
that is tho meaning of his reason
and his self-consciousness.
Ho sees that the usurpation of the
►•arth by a few is the primal cause
« the evil in the world, for it has
inevitably resulted ih one portion ot
mankind taking the products of tbe
lahor of the other portion and thereby converting them into veritable
efaves, while at the same time bf
raise teachings obscuring the crime
ahd adroitly concealing their chains.
The great physical law of nature is
that organisms must work and produce or perish, and this earth-ownership is a contravention of that
law as it allows organisms to live
a parasitical life on the labors of
It was not man, who was born in
sin, but the system of private earth-
ownership with its consequent exploitation which was conceived and
founded in sin, and out Of Which
sin and corruption, strife and sorrow have sprung "ah naturally as
grasses from the warm alluvial
muds, and must continue to spring
in ever-increasing ratio as long aa
the abomination Ihsts; and no
amount of sticking-plaster and sophistry and mysticism can much
longer bolster up a system built on
a foundation of broken law. Already
is that foundation crumbling and
tho structure swaying to Its fall
For long centuries you have
prayed "Deliver us from evil," but
prayers without action are Uke a
plough without its horses, inert and
Now, aU ye vicars of Ood, arise
and oxert yourselves, or you will
be awakened from your deep, complacent slumber of centuries to flnd
your authority gono for ever and a
simple, moro militant and truer
church—a' church of prayerful
action aimed at that fundamental
evil—reigning in your stead.
Too long has your arch enemy,
the princo of evil, triumphed on his
throne and defied your puny efforts
and mocked at your barren prayers,
for from that throne built on
earth-plunder, and the exploitation
of God's groat handiwork, immortal man, has poured through the
centuries that incessant stream of
sin and sorrow over the earth.
Turn, in God's name, your conventions to that torrential abomination
in which exploited man is helplessly
floundering and perishing and let
your rill of spiritualism meander
where it will.
McLeod-Nolati and Co,
hav*    manufactured   nothing   htii
Union Made Cigars
ii, ___     „ for 20 Years ° »»
, El Doro x
El Sid elo
"I no ortio'
C i gars of Quality
Six Thousand Ask Passage to Free Russia
on Soviet Ships
Six thousand Finns of Seattle ud
vicinity, admittedly possessing rait
cal ideas, want to go to Soviet Boi
sia. Just how maa, of these belong
to ihe Bussian societies who announced Friday that they had 12,000
membera desirous of joining the Bolsheviki, is not known at thia time.
But, ia a separate moss meeting, attended by 200 dolegates who claim
to represent 6,000 looal Runs, resolutions wero adopted and a committee appointed to arrange for transportation to Bussia.
A resolution says:
"The ships of Soviet Bussia are
waiting to take us over there."
"We are ready to free the government of all expenae and aid it in
Don't forget OUB advertisers.
French Socialist Deputy
Says Clemenceau Has
Not Kept Faith
Writing in La Vogue, Paris, the
Fronch Socialist deputy, Pierre Bri-
zon, in an article ontitled "The
Great Betrayal," says:
"We havo won the war."
Tou have lost tho peace.
For in the long run, peace is disarmament, and where is disarmament! Everywhere you havo promised to the martyred peoples to go
through with it; to wipe out Prussian militarism ,aftor which wo will
disarm tho world. Forward! It is
the last war.
On Jan. 18, 1818, in his talk to
the trade anions, Lloyd Oeorge said:
"This ia exactly why we aro lighting. It is In order to establish eon.
ditions whioh will make universal
military aervice useless, not only in
this country but in every country."
The premier of England insisted:
"We wish to render compulsory military aervice definitely impossible."
And the poor people have had confidence enough in your words, despite your past lies. And the martyrs have gone to their death—in
order that nover again ahould men
"e on the fiold of battle .
Then, aftor four years and three
months of massacre, revolution has
broken out. War hu stopped. Tho
armistice haa come. Now nobody
has boen disarmed., Not even. Germany. They say M .Clemenceau,
that you have permitted "the enomy" to retain an army ot a million
On tho llth of Novomber, 1918,
you might have disarmed everybody.
If you have not accomplished goneral disarmament: if you have not
disarmed evon "the enemy;" if yoa
have sabotaged your "victory;." if
Marshal Foch has not bcen able to
socure the demobilization of the German army, it is because you have not
wished it; neithor you, nor your generals, nor your conference.
And If you have not wished it,
you, tho granl master of revenge;
you, the patriot; you, who, since
1871, have passed all of your life in
order to show, u you said, "the German dangor tunning through En-
rope" in order to inform statesmen
to make efforts to say to them, "the
danger lies there"—it is beeause
you, tht minister of the bourgeoisie,
and your friends and allies of Jewish
flnaaoo and steel supremacy and of
Patroniie Fed. edvertlsere.
|tory in Figures Shows
, flow the Workers Are
I1;        Exploited
■_,.„. [By Scott Nearing]
i Arriving at the Union station in
Akron, Ohio, you are confronted by
a large sign: "Tho City iii Opportunity." Across the track ia another
"Goods produced in 1918
Wages paid in 1018
Thoso simple facts tell tho story.
Akron ia a city of a quarter of a
million, splattered over the hills that
border tho Cuyahoga river.   Akron
lives by the manufacture of rubber,
and it has grown with the recent
phenomenal growth of the rubber industry.   Thero aro no houaea to bo
had anywhere.   Singlo rooms, equipped with a bed and a chair, eost
from H to (7 a week.   The hotels
an crowded.  During a recent strike
an   organieor   for   the   Machinists
Union secured a room in a second-
class hotol for $120 per month. Many
of tho buildings that are being used
as homes for families an unit for
Pricos are high in Akron—so high
that despite the high wagoa paid to
many of the men in the rubber
planta, thousands of families are unable to make ends moot. Tho Charity Society has over 250 families on
its booka at this early period of thc
winter season. Besides these families it ia carrying ovor 200 single
womon and mon,
The Labor movoment is woak in
Akron. A conservative estimate
places the total number of unorganised rubber workers at 80,000. The
total number of moa.and women affiliated with Labor organizations does
not eioeod 6000, of whom about 2500
are machinists. Of the 22,000 votes
east at the last election the Socialist candidate ncoived 1100.
Akron haa made many millionaires.
Among them are eeveral who are
inclined to be philanthropic. They
have provided various schemes covering welfan work for their employeea. They are genorous to the
educational and oharitable instltu
tiona of the eity, "publio aplrited"
in tke bost capitalistic aenae of that
term. But aa the viaitor to Akron
boarda the train, ht faces a big advertisement for a football gamo,
[Which is tt bt held "to Goodrich
Park   (formerly   Liberty   Park)
dynamite and of reaction, havt had throughout tht  eltv   '"<floodrt.li
ister spirits of tht conference and
of tht govornmont, neither the army
nor the navy; nor France, nor England, nor America, nor Italy, nor
Rumania, nor even Gormany. Quite
the contrary. To thoae who have
never had thom, yoa havt. given armies, to the Polos, to the Jugo-Slavs,
to the Cgeoho-Slava, to the Baltic
provinces. And these new-born an
in battle arrayl   Blood flows!
With your generals, your diplom*
.its, your reactionaries, and your
beasts of proy, you havt left a world
poisoned with militarism, with vile*
ness and with greod.
Tou have preciously conserved for
us your civilization of the trench, of
the machine gun, of the bomb, of
the asphyxiating gat, of liquid fire,
of boiling oil, of profiteers in blood.
Tou have mado us understand that
you still noed billions and that your
maaten of the steel induttry still re-
quire regimonts.
Tou have not kopt yoar promises.
Toa have not killed war.
Ton have not even made peact.
Toa have deceived the martyrs.
The miserable deal havt died for
And thtn, look yoa, it the gnat
Waken1 Liberty Bond Buttona
are UMied to tvery purchaser of a
bond. Have yon got youn yet Get
behind a button and show that you
«o willing to help all you can the
dqfense of the men arnsted to Win
'The correspondent of the Assoc!
ated Pross in Centralia, Ed. Bcln
hatt, to save himsolf, was forced to
flee from Centralia in the dead of
night, leaving hia clothca, camera,
and baggage, after ht had aent out
tho story of the armistice day shoot*
ing as it happened. Ho waa threatened with death by a mob of business men because he had witnossed
the attack on thl I. W. W. hall and
know that the attack waa made before a thot was fired.
Get Tout Bond at tht Fed. Offlct
Daring the Liberty Bond campaign
the Federation^ Offlce will bt open
each evening to 10 o'clock, Saturdays Included, so that these desirous
of aiding the defense of the workers arrested ln Winnipeg can ho supplied with bonds without any difficulty, Got behind a button, thlt li
your fight
deportatjon proceedings.   Wt wut
to go.
"We demand that the government
do not send us to Finland, bteansa
tht Mannerheim white torror ia just
as ennl tt tk* American pluttt-
Hand tko Fed. to yout ahipiafl
when you ut through wttk ii
Be consistent and demand tba Union itamp ca yout Mod ul
shoes. The following loot firms an felt to Organlied Labor ul
an worthy of you patronage ud support:
I. Leckie Oo.. UL, IM OamaL ..
Hunt Boat Ihop. 61 Oerltva It. W.—easiest
W. J. Heads, so fester guest  Oastf Mai
MacUchUn-tayler Oe., ts Oatdtn Itnet
aad Bepairs-
Jtaaamnlr Boet Shot, 6S1 Susaalr Btreet 'Oast—
"RodeUt" lhat Basali Oaswtsr. 1MT Ombtuu
Standard Ikee Bepalr Step, ell Beteea Itreet.
M. B. Thorns, ill Klnfmy.
Weeds ltd.. "K" Beet Slo*., v—.v.. _ *****
H. 0. SpeuUtni, 5»7i rtiau btreae, s.ita Vuw
O. X. lima, Mil Oeauurdal Drive.
B« progressive, Mt. Shoo Bepalnr, ud get la
tary Tom Oory, 446 Vernon Dayt.
Ureal Waat
  ■ '       _it i
(Joed ter eat real's sabeciiptioa to Tht
1 /\   O    1       t*       1        *■ °- Adtntiealat, will Iw mailed it
10 Sub. Cards ^■^oAr-^jstt
elty.). Order tat today. Baedt whaatall.
At Spencer's a Man Can Get a
Smart Coat for as Little as $25
Either a Stylish Ulsterette or Big Winter Great Coat
* . ''*-..
'   It is really astonishing how successful we bave been in assembling melt tmart coata
at sucb favorable prices.
Coats that have quality at material to recommend them—
distinctly fine making—mighty smart rtyles ^
Our overcoat values at $25.00 to $45.00 deserve to be th* flnt investigated by tt* num
wbo has a coat to buy tomorrow. Tho descriptions given hero are gathered from actual
coats in stock. You will recognize thom readily from these' details and mch coats aa
are mentioned, we believe, have na competitors at the price;
A smart Slip-on Goat, in 4 three-quarter
longth, with slashed pockets and semi-lined. A
nice medium weight eoat, in a dark brown, with
a faint nd plaid pattern ...125.00
A Hoavy Orey Blanket Coat, In slip-on style,
three-quarter longth, semi-lined slash pockets. A
warm coat and Very smart._ 130.00
A full length Bolted Coat, in brown tweed,
fully Hnod  187.60
A very smart coat ia dark brown mkdasi
cheek, three-quarter length, slash pockets, half
lined, cuff sleevo. A coat tf nn quality
at __ !S7Ji
A Orey Cheek Tweed Ooat, ia baited style,
fully Uaed , '. «s&M
A "Program'' doublt fnt*. plaid lined, Iriak
Friete Coat, in dark brown aUde, kate length
atylo, with slashed pockota . -Tf"
Men's High-Grade Overcoats
$55 and $60 Values Selling at $47.50
These coata have tha lateat Now Tork eut. They art a fashion that smart young dressers will
jump at We have them in sises 3d to 10 only, and this accounts for the redaction. Tkey
are made of dark navy choviot with deep roll eollar, ferm-lttlng waist aat widt skirts, heavy
silk yoks lining; bond-tailored throughout,
ANOTHER COAT, in sizes 34 to 33, is a plaid friete ulsterette, a short model witk beautiful
linos and decidedly practical, though stylish to tht lsst stitch, A A aw mn
Selling at '  _-.   347.511
New Suits for Men and Young Men
i • B t .
To our usual good selection wo have added these excellent new models ready for
A soft finished Worsted Suit In a waist-seam
model, mado of a vory smart groy with a mixture of greoa and rod—a very effective combination that will appeal to young men—peaked
lapel, sloshed pockets  332.60
A splendid example of the conservative groy
worsted suit preforrod by business men, priced
at     315*00
A brown cheek in a hard finished worsted
should give splendid wear, conservative model;
raro value _...._     332.60
A yonng man's Waist Beam Model, ia dark
grey with faney line stripe, in groy speckled
with red, making a very  smart   combination,
»t        126.00
—Men's Storo, Main Floor,
Men's Gloves
For many years we have had thc distinction of providing tho best glove stook in town
and this one is no exception in spito of thc scarcity.  Choose gloves early.
DENT'S AND PEEIUN'S tan   capeskin,   unlinod  32.00, 32.25
FOWNE'S Capeskin  _  32.60
DENTS' Washable Cnpo „ 33.50
FOWNE'S Russian Inn, hnnd sewn 33.00
TAN CAPE, wool lined  32.00
Fowno 's  32.60
TAN   MOCHA,   Dents'   and   Fowne's   mnko,
for 32.00, 32.25, J2.50, 33.00, SS.60
BUCKSKIN OLOVES 34.00 and 35.60
TAN MOCHA, unlinod  32 25, $2.50
TAN MOCHA, silk lined, Dent's....$2.76, 33.00
OEET MOCHA, wool lined 32.60
Silk Shirts
These will provo a vory popular selection thla
Ohriatmas, as evory man likes thc l':i* hion and
he will appreciate such a gift. Wo have a fine
stock of them In handsome fancy colored strips
effects, just what men approve 17.50. 19.60
Plain white washing silk and pongee shirts
for    $6.75
FOWNE'S tnn cnpo, silk lined.  $3.00
DENT'S grey suodo, silk lined  $3.00
FOWNE'E grey egnl buck, unlinod, at ...AIM
DENT'S Fronch suede, dark grey, silk   lined,
for _ $250
ENOLTSH CHEVHETTE, silk lined, at .. .$3.25
WOOL GLOVES ....60c, 76c, $1.00, $1.25, $1.60
Fnncy silk, grey, block and navy _ $1.00
With interwoven heel and toe  ' '-_    fVffQ
Silk lioso in plain colors and fancy checks....32.00
Plain whito silk _^  $2.75
Men's Sweater Coats
A thoughtful gift that a man will derive
much comfort from is a "Prido of the Wost"
Sweater Coat—tho best eoat made. Pure wool,
elastic and excellent fitting, hand knit, in grey,
khaki, fawn, dark brown, olive, oxford grey,
maroon —   $0.76, $11.60 and $15.00
Pullover Sweator—AU wool, all wanted colors,
V-uck, without sleeves  $6.00
eleventh tear. No. 49     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. o.
...December 5, 1911
Don't fail to take advantage of the great
Closing Out
We are going out of business and
everything in the store is marked
Here's an example:
Tweed Coat,
Regularly $35
All the latest
designs and
patterns. Tbo
biggest stock
in the city.
This is tho finest rubberized
coat milde,
When Buying a Victor Suit Be Sure
to   Mention   "The   Federationist."
112 Hashnas ShWesK
An Open Letter to All Members of the Lumber
Workers Industrial Union of the One Big Union
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—Executive committee, President J. O. Smith, Vio*-Frcildent E.
Winch, Secretnry nnd Business Agent J.
0. Wood, Treuurer J. Shaw, Sergennt nt
Ami W. A. Alemnder, Trustee.. W. A.
Prltchnrd, R. W. Youngish, R. Bakes, W.
**•■ : ^
ell—Meete    second   Mondty    in    the
■onth.    Preeldent, J. F. McConnell; eec-
tettry, R. H. NeeUndi, P. 0. Box 66.
nnd Reinforced Ironworkers, Local 97
—Meeti seeond tnd fourth Mondays.
President Jm. Hutings; flnincUl secretary end tressurer, Ro/ Massecar, Room
118 Labor Temple.	
Loeal No. 617—Meets every seeond
ind fonrth Monday evening, 8 o'clock,
Ubor Templt. President, J. Reld; see-
retsry, E. J. Temoln, 1233 Georgia Eut;
soilness sgent snd flnsnclsl secretary,
ft. 0. Thom, Room SOB Lahor Temple.
Pkone Bay. 74SS.
M118—Meets at 440 Pender Street
weet, e«ry* Mondty, 8 p.m. Presl*
dent, H. H. Woodside. 440 Pender W.;
Neordlng secretary, J. Murdock,.440 Pender Street West; financial secretary ud
business tgent, E. H. Morrison, 440
Pender Street West; usistant secrettry,
W. R. Borrows. '
corresponding secretary, W. Lee.
Room 207 Labor Temple.	
Carpenters—Meets Room 807 every
2nd and 4th Tuesday in eseh month.
President, J. W. Wilkinson; recording
secretary, W. J. Johnston, 73—24th Ave.
W.; flnsnclsl seeretsry, H. A. Macdonald,
Room 312 Labor Temple.	
Employeos, Pioneer Division, No. 101
-Meets A. 0. P. Hsll, Mount Plessant,
1st and Srd Mondays at 10.15 a.m. and 7
p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell; recording
Becretary, P. E. GrllHn, 5419 Commercial
Drive; treasurer, E. ft. Cleveland;
financial secretary snd business agent,
Fred A. Hoover, 2409 Clark Drive; office
corner Prior and Main streets.
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
first Monday in csch month, 8 p.m. President, J. T. Elsworth; vice-president, A.
R. Oatenby; recording secretary, 0. McDonald, P. 0. Box 603, Phone Seymour
82B1L; flnanclal aecreary. Robt. McNeish,
P. 0. Box BQ3.
(Teamsters, Warehousemen, Auto Mechanics, etc.)—Meats every Wednesday
at 162 Cordovt Street Eut. President,
J. Shiw; secretary, 0. A. Read, 2844
Prlnee Edwtrd Street. Ofllce: 163 Cor-
dova Street Eaat.	
Unit of Ibe 0. B. U.—Meetings every
Monday, 7:80 p.m., Labor Temple. Preildent, F. L. Hunt; secretary-treasurer,
W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Temple.   Phone, Seymour 8960.	
ployees. Local 28—Meets every first
Wednesday In the month tt 2:80 p.m.
tnd every third Wednesday in the month
tt 9 p.m. President, John Cummlngs,
secretary tnd business tgent, A. Graham.
Ofllce tnd meeting hall, 614 Pender St.
W. Phone Sey. 1681. Offlce hours, 6
a.m. to 6 p.m.
ers* Union—Meets 2nd snd 4th FrI-
dsys, 206 Labor Temple. President, W.
Wilson, 2239 Granville Street; secretary-
treasurer, D. J. Snell, 916 Dunsmuir St.
Union of the One Big Union—Affiliated
with B. 0. Federation of Labor tnd
Vanconver Trades tnd Libor Council—
An Industrial union of til workers In
logging tnd construction camps. Head*
sjusrters, 61 Cordovt Street West, Vtn*
louver, B. 0. Pbone Sey. 7886. E.
Winch, socrettry-troasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird, Mtcdonald I* Co., Vaneoaver, B. C; auditors, Messrs. Butttr
ft Chlene, Vincouver, B. C.
Association, Local 88-52—Offlce snd
htll, 804 Pender Street West. Meets
Irst tnd third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-
Treasurer,     Thomas    Nixon;     Business
Agent, Robert Ralsbeck.	
Butcher Workmen's Union No. 648—
Meeta flrst and third Tuesdays of each
montb, Ltbor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
W. V. Ttmley, 1838 Powell St.; record-
tog secreUry, William Gibbs, Station B.
P. 0. Vancouver; financial secretary and
business tgent, T. W. Anderson, 687
Homer St. 	
Wink, mill and smelter work:
an/ Unit of the One Big Union, Metalliferous Miners—Vanconver, B. 0., headquarters, 61 Cordova! Street West. All
workers engsged In this Industry aro
■rged to Join the Union before going on
lba Job. Don't wait to be organized, but
wganlso yourself.	
Pattern   makers*   league   oir
North. America (Vanconver snd vicinity)—Branch meets second and fourth
Mondays, Room 204 Labor Temple. President, Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave. North
Vancouver; flnsnclsl secretary, E. God-
dtrd, 856 Richards Btreet; recording soe-
rettry, J. D. Russell, 928 Commercial
Drive. Phone High, 2204R.
_ Futeneri, I.L.A., Loctl Union 88A,
•tries 5—Meats the 2nd snd 4th Fridays
ol tht month, Libor Temple, 8 p.m.
President, George Mansell; flntneltl sec-
rettry  tad   bnsiness  tgent.   M.   Phelpt;
Meets lut Snnday of etch month tt
3 p.m. President, W. H. Jordtn; vice-
president, W. H. Youhill; secretary-
treuurer, R. H. Neelands, Box 66.
Provincial Unions
In annual convention in January. Excutive officers, 1918-19: President, J.
Kavanagh, Labor Temple, Vancouver;
vice-presidents—Vancouver Island: Cumberland, J. Naylor; Victoria, J. Taylor;
Prince Rupert, Geo. Casey; Vancouver,
W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonneil; New Westminster, Geo. McMurphy; Weat Kootenay, Silverton, T. B. Roberta; Crow's
Nest Pass, W. B. Phillips, Fernie, W. A.
Sherman. Secretary-treasurer, A. 8.
Wells, Labor Temple, 401 Dunsmuir St.,
Vancouver, B. 0.	
and Labor Council—Meets first and
third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. President, E. S. Woodsworth; vice-president,
A. C. Pike; secretary-treasurer, Chrlstitn
Slvertz, P. 0. Box 802, Vlctorit, B. C.
ers, Local 1777—Meots first tnd third
Mondtys in I. 0. 0. F. Htll, Lower Kieth
Road East, st 8 p.m. President, W.
Cummlngs, 10th Street Esst, North Vancouver; flnsnclsl seoretary, Arthur Roe,
310—13th St. W., North Vanoouver.
bor Council—Meets aecond snd fourth
Tuesdays of each month, in Carpenters'
Hal). President, S. D. McDonald; vice-
president, A. Ellis; secretary, Geo. Wad-
dell,  Box 273,  Prince Rupert,  B. 0.
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Meots every aeoond and fourth TaeBday In tbe 0. B. U.
Hall, corner Sixth tvenue tnd Fulton
itreet, at 8 p.m. Meetings open to til 0.
B. U. members. Seeretsry-treasurer, D,
8. Cameron. Box 217, Prince Rupert. B.O.
Worken' Liberty Bond Buttons
ore iBBued to every purchaser of a
bond. Have yon got youn yet Oet
behind a button and show that you
aro willing to help aU you can the
defense of the men arrested ijx Winnipeg.
Our advertisers support the FederationiBt. It la up to you to sup*
port them.
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
ii produced from tho highest grade materials procurable
Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.     ,
Follow Workers;
As you will see by recent issues
of the "Worker" a certain clement
that hangs around the Vancouver
headquarters aro trying to run this
organization, which has a membership of over eleven thousand. They
consider themselves the brains of
the union; are appointing committees to draft resolutions to bo presented at the next semi-annual convention in January. Their latest
move being to order a weekly publication of the "Worker" ovor the
heads of tbo executive board, at a
timo whon our finances will not allow for such an expenditure.
Tbis I. W, W. element'have had
control of the "Worker" since the
last convention in July, and its is-
suos sinco thon are a magnificent
testimony of thcir knowledge, or
rather lack of knowlcdgo of the
working class movement, thcir splendid ability to hamper organization
work, and to put every obstacle in
the way of every intelligent and
earnest worker who has tho interests of the union at heart.
Tliis is the element that threatened to throw Secretary Winch downstairs, because ho was an obstacle
in tho way of thcir nefarious
schemes, and might have mado the
threat good had it not been for the
prosenco of somo members who prevented it. They almost mado his life
unbearablo prior to tho last convontion.
It is now common knowlcdgo that
thoy tried to capture the organization for tho I. W. W. at the July
convention, and either intond to do
so in future or smash it. Some of
us thought that as far as tho organization was concerned, it was ruined then, and could easily havo quit
and let them have tho say, but on
socond thought wo decided to stay
with it and combat the evil as woll
as we might. Events havo proved
the wisdom of this course.
Thoy havo had control of the paper since tho above-mentioned convontion. Thoy havo given you a
concrete demonstration of their merits by thoir propaganda and tactics-
Actions aro louder than words. It is
just as well that thoy did get control of tho paper; for now you can
judgo thom by their work, which in
themselveB condemn them as enemies of tho labor movemont.
In the October 30 issuo of the
"Worker" appeared sixtoon resolutions for your consideration, signed
by H. Allman. TheBe resolutions aro
almost wholly copied from the bylaws of tho I. W. W. Allman or
tho rest of that oloment never had
intelligence or initiative to produce
a single constructive idea of their
own, but must steal them from the
literary works of otherB. In this
case from such intellectual geniuses
as Haywood or Trautmann, and tho
resolutions are a tribute to that
school of thought, Ab far os being
any use to this organization, thoy
aro, to say the least, a joke.
Whatever qualities the I. W. W.
may havo for brooding martyrs to
the labor movemont is concerned, is
offset by its anarchistic tactics and
propaganda, which is a greater menace to the workers than the conservative element in tho A. F. of L.
Both are reactionary. Both tho A. F.
of L. and the' I. W. W. nro agreed
on keoping the workers out of politics. But to do it is like going down
to thc beach and trying to Btop the
tido from coming in, with a pitchfork.
Although in itself the 0. B. U. allows for all shades of political opinion within its ranks. Still it cannot
stop the workors from taking part
in politics, but must oncourago them
to do bo as the workerB of Winnipeg are doing. And any worker who
objects to the workors UBing ovory
wcjtpon at thoir disposal to get control of political power is an avowod
enemy to the onward march of prog*
ss. -
Thinkers havo long known that
enthusiasm for a cause and knowledge of that cause were two different thingB. And good intentions will
get us nowhere unless guided by intelligence and sound judgment.
This act of appealing for funds
to issue the*'Worker" weokly over
thc heads of the oxecutivo is tho
crowning act- of that gang of disrupters, Are you going to allow a
mooting in tho Vancouver headquarters, to paps motions affecting the.
whole organizationf No ono can object to the holding of meetings anywhere; but tho powers of these meetings in Vancouvor headquarters
must bo curtailed.
Anyone who was present at the'
delegates' metting held prior to tho
last convontion, Knows that Delogate J. Al. Clarke stated the truth
in a circular letter sent by him to
members of tho oxecutivo board
some time ago. Where he stated
that "they conducted their meetings
moro liko wild beusts than human
_ .'.' And this Ib tho element
that would lead us out of the land
of bondage into the promised land.
Anyono who suggested holding these
meetings according to somo established rules of ordor was branded
aB a politician or something else of
an obnoxious character to the fine
sense of culture of that bunch.
As far as tho "Workor" is concerned, under its prosent management, it is certainly not an asaot to
this organization, but rather a hindrance, and a liability financially. It
has obBtructod tho work of the organization by its present policy, and
would be far better out of commission entirely. It is simply monoy
wasted. It is a joko as a sample
of working class litorature. At
best it is nothing more than a bulletin. Any of thc girls in the ofllce
could get it out as such, and wo
could depend that it would not contain such poetic drivel and nonsense
as now nppcars in its editorial col-
Save* labor. The Coupons
with «ach package ara a
value ia themielvei*
i Wns, and by some of the literary
aspirants to the fame of Proudhon
and Bakunin. Besides it would not
require a highly-paid editor to issue
a bulletin.
However, the referendum vote before the membership now will de
cied its fate.
This clement, which by foul means
or fair, is attempting to capture
this organization for the I. W. W.,
an organization which does not
count for much in tho labor movo.
ment, and is a peculiarly American
institution, conditioned on tho present policy of the A. F. of L., and
which will ceaso to exist with the
death of that organization. An organization also conditioned by tho
anarchistic tactics of tho Amorican
govornment in doaling with labor
troublea, mob law and lynchingB, also peculiar to tho democratic repub
lie to tho south of ub. (It is not
my intention horo to go into the
causes for the existonce of tho I.
W. W. known to overy student of
sociology.) This oloment stood aloof
from us when wo organized tho "B.
C. Loggers Union" in January of
last year, and waited until thoy saw
that wo wero becoming an organization of some importance beforo they
lined up with us, and did so with
the intention of capturing us for the
I. W. W.
Fellow Workers, do you wish this
union to become a breeding ground
for Pinkerton stool pigeons, police
spies and agents provocateurf Do
you wish its ruination in tho interior of B. C, and eastern points! Do
you wish it to become a farco and
a joke in tho lobor movoment f If
you do, put that clement in power,
and follow their dictates.
If you wish the organization to
becomo powerful, intelligent, and
guided by sound tactics and good
judgment, and a forco to be reckoned with and respected in the labor
movoment; crush that element now
and for all time. Seo that tho officials aro men that aro, elected for
their ability to perform their duties
as such. And let me state right
hero that any official in tho labor
movoment who has not at least an
elementary knowlcdgo of Marxian
Economics is in tho samo predicament as putting a man to navigate
a ship without a knowledge of the
compass or chart. That I stato?wjt}i-
out foar of contradiction. Without
such a knowlcdgo they will ooVrfro
able to givo tho membership,sq^nd
advice on any occasion thata^ay
arise. Tho forces arrayed against vs
must be rcconcd with, not ig^re^.
Sound judgment and cool heada. ajc
needed those days. ,'.' ,, Tlj
Hero aro a few things whiety, you
can consider. ■£•____
That an executivo board of'EVo
members bo elected irrespecti^T^f
geographical locations. Nominatio a
to be mado at the semi-annual 00 1-
ventions and submitted to tho moi I-
bcrship for referondum -vote.
That one of the number elected
shall act as permanent chairman,
and another as recording-secretary
during tho term of office. The appointment of these to be made by
the board themselves.
That the oxecutivo board bo elected for a period of six months, and
shall havo full authority to supervise the general activities of tho
organization, and shall carry out the
wishes of tho membership as expressed by referendum vote, or through
tho semi-annual convention.
That each member of tho executive
board shall act as organizer during
his term of office.
That, if found convenient, the
members of tho board meet monthly
at a point to bo decided on by themsolves, at givon dates in each month
if possible to deal with mattor submitted for thcir consideration or
other matters pertaining to the organization.
That any camp meoting, district
office or organizer, or individual
members bo permitted to submit
mattor pertaining to the welfaro of
tho organization for consideration of
tho executive board, who if thoy
deem the matter so submitted of sufficient importance to put beforo the
membership for referendum vote,
may do so,
That where an emergency arises
which demands immediate attention,
that the chairman have authority to
immediately call the members of tho
executivo board to moet and discuss,
and act on tho mattor.
That all district and camp meetings including Vancouver headquarters have no power in themselves to
altor, tako from or amend the constitution or bye-laws of this union.
That the constitution must in no
way conflict with tho constitution of
the One Big Union, but the aforementioned constitution muat be embodied in the constitution tf this
That every camp committee elect-
I by tho men in camp shall have
looal autonomy to decide on camp
conditions, bring grievances beforo
the boss, call strikes or sottle same,
or mako agreements with the^ employer. That officials of the union
ean only be called in in an advisory
That all officials be elected .n>r'a
term of six months. jj
That officials can be ■electee^ for
unlimited successive terms iTthe
membership bo desiro. (Noto: This
is not an ordinary union where the
membership meet undor the ,'jlamo
roof at given intervals, and were
officials can be changed every • rec
or six months with benefit to tm orgnnization. In this union, bf tho
naturo of things it generally takfes
about six months to at all get acquainted with tho delegates and the
location of tho various camps and
to administer tho duties of the office
efficiently. Whoro it would . work
amicably in the one instance, it
would spell confusion in the other.)
That officials can be recalled at
any timo, if it can be proven in
writing nnd by the signatures of
those mnking tho accusation, that
said official has failed in his duty,
or broken union principles. Tho executive board having power to do so
where tho evidence is beyond doubt.
If in doubt, the membership will
have to bo appealed to in district,
if a district official. To tho entiro
membership if a membor of the exeoutlve board,
In tho event of officials wishing
to resign thoy muBt givo two weeks'
notice. In the event of a vacancy
caused by death or other unforeseen
causes of any official, if a district
secretary the executive board shall
fill the vacancy so caused for tho
time being until another official can
be elected. In the case of the executive board the next membor who
received the largest number of votes
to the elected momber.
The wagos of all officials to be determined by the semi-annual conventions.
The above are only suggestions to
help mako our organization more efficient.
I would strongly suggest that wo
support tho idea of establishing a
labor college to teach the workors
in the sciences. Especially those sciences pertaining to sociology, history
and economics. We certainly need
all the education we can get, and it
will not drop liko manna from
Now, Fellow Workers, it rests with
you what kind of organization you
want. Don't simply carry a card to
show that you are a union man. Be
up and doing. Take an intereat in
your organization. For myself, I
shall fight tho forces of anarchy on
evory occasion possible.
Many of you will wonder why this
doeB uot appear in our official organ,
tho •'Worker." Well, tho oditor
might consider it unfit for publication or maybe lack of apace, or something elso. I havo already sent him
an article, ln reply to McKinnon's
"Philosophy of Industrial Unionism," which, for some reason or
othor, did not appear. I do not
blame him for not publishing it,
whatever his reasons may be. Ho has
that privilege. But he might havo
h<id tho courtesy to return it to me,
aa requested.
Yours fraternally,
Kamloops District,
Sterling Comes Back
Editor B. C. Federationist: Allow
me, flr/t of all, to .correct a misstatement mado by you. At thc closo
of your last editorial on thc question
of taxation, you say, "Mr. Stirling
answers hia own question when ho
says labor power is a commodity.
Ho does not know that it is; he only
'bolicves it is,' or ho would realize
that tho taxes should not- worry
him." I did not aay I believed labor
power was a commodity. I said, "It
is perfectly true that labor power is
a commodity." And I would liko to
add in this connection that there is
one point about commodities which
you do not seem to recognize. I
stated it in my last letter, but the
argument contained therein you simply ignore. It is thia, commodities
under tho influence of combines,
monopolies, etc., exchango at a prico
above thcir value. Labor power is
a commodity under tho influenco of
a combine, known as unionism. And
whero that combine is powerful, as
in tho union of railway workors in
England, they are ablo to prevent
the masters from reducing tho prico
of labor power to its value. And
plcaso keep thoso two ideas of
price and valuo separato in your
mind during this discussion, because
our argument is not over thc value
of labor power but tho price.
Tho prico of a commodity may bo
abovo or bolow thc value, or it may
coincide with the valuo. Besides the
power of combination, there is also
tho law of supply and demand which
affects tho prico, not the valuo, mark
you. The difference In tbo price of
labor power in China, and on the
American continent, and all tho
varying stages betweon those two extremes is due entirely to these two
factors combination, and supply and
demand. In China there is no combination, and tho supply is prolific.
Result, prico of labor power at or below its value. In the Canadian west
there is combination, and the supply
is not prolific. Result, price of labor power above its value.
That in a nutshell is the gist of
my argument, and it does not affect
tho question of what constitutes thc
value of a commodity.
Besides stating this abstract theory, I have cited cases to show that
tho workers have a surplus abovo tho
necessities of life and reproduction
to spohd on luxury.
Tou have pointed out that boozo
was taken away from the workers
because it was found unnecessary for
thcir proficiency as workers. If this
bo bo, whilst they had it for generations, was it not an unnecessary luxury! And if they should be forced
by a reduction in the standard of
living to go without underclothing,
the mastors finding that they can
keep the slaves warm by speeding
them up a littlo more, would that
not also prove my contention that
whilst they still havo the woollens,
they aro paying tho tariff on wool!
It ia ihecr nonsense to contend
that theatres, and tobacco, and booze
and woollen underclothing, and oranges, and pianos ,and canned music,
and autos, and watches, and meerschaum pipes, and fiddles, and cameras, and the thousand and ono other
things upon which Labor spends its
surplus are necessary for the efficiency of the slaves. It is begging
the entire question.
Those things represont a rise in the
standard of living which has been
forced from the masters in countries
where the alaves aro not too prolific,
by the combination of the workers,
and also by tho competition amongst
tho masters thomsolvea for tho most
efficient slaves.
You say that X "wilfully or
through lack of understanding, misconstrue" your statements. I beg
to say that I do not wilfully misconstrue your statements. The reason I do xfot understand your position is because you evade my arguments, and do not clearly state your
own position.
For example, the most important
item in my last lotter was a question
to which I expectod a clear and simple answer, which any of your readers might understand. I said: '' Will
you stato whether, in your opinion,
strikes for higher wuges ,b<#ter camp
conditions, shorter hours, etc., nro
any advantago , whatover to the
workers, or whother thoy only rosult
in increased efficiency as slaves to
the benefit of tho masters."
Instead of answering with a sim*
plo "Yes" or "No," and then ox-
plaining your answer, you havo a
long paragraph on tho subject which
leaves mo absolutely in tho dark as
to your meaning.
You speak of tho workers being
compelled to strike," and again,
No man would evor suggest that
becauso it eventually rebounds to
the benefit of the ruling clnss that
tho workers Bhould not securo the
standard of living that is necessary
to mako thom efficiont workers."
And then to my utter confusion,
further on in the same paragraph,
you say, "Thoy will strike." They
will do all kinds of foolish thingB,
but eventually they will realizo that
thoy must stop tho robbery of tho
olaas to which they belong, at-tho
point of production."
Now, will somo Philadelphia lawyer amongst your readers explain to
mo whether you think tbey aro fools
for doing what they are compelled
to do, or whether you think they
Bhould strike or should not. I insist,
my dear Wells, that the answer does
not lie in that paragraph.
Please make this clear in your reply, and face the argument which I
have clearly stated in this letter giving your reasons for anything which
you may consider a fallacy, and you
will greatly oblige more readers
than, yours sincerely,
On the Canadian Mining Institute
Editor B. C. Federationist: It may
be that sometimes professional and
technical men of great ability are
unaware of tho friends of labor in
their presence and consequently aro
not careful juat how or whero they
throw rocks. Their unreliable
sources of information are likely to
blame for their stand and disposition regarding labor and such men
of learning would be expected to be
fairly conversant as to the merits
of the two factions, tho employor
and the employed and amongst the
workerB thero are many today who
rely solely on tho same sourco of
information about tho working claas
conditions as do the most of our supposed learned members of the Canadian Mining Institute, deponding
entirely upon the deceiving subsidized press of the privileged monied
class. Tho stress today botweon the
producor and profiteer bas attained
such an attitude that a conscious
and unbiased combined knowlcdgo of
both sides of tho class strugglo are
essential to tho mutual benefit of
both classes and on tho present
world's stage setting, "A little
knowlcdgo will provo a dangorous
The Canadian Mining Institute
wont on record in one of their resolutions as thoy never had done beforo even during a general strike.
They criticized labor hero and likewise left an opening for themselves
to be criticized by making tho statement to the offect thnt thoy would
(Continuod next page)
Your Christmas
Gifts Now
High Cost of Clothing "Bumped"
Our Suit "Prices" and "Quality" beyond comparison; 20 per cent, to 30 per cent, off Clothing;
25 per cent, off Tweed Raincoats.
We Are a Union Store
The Jonah-Prat Co.
401 Hastings St. West
■   *
"What Henry Ford
Is Doing"
By Frank Bonville
February 1st, 1920
This book will be at least 4% by 6!4 in size, clothbound, and will retail
for $1.00
Send 40c in two-cent stamps or a post office order, and you will
receive this $1.00 book at below actual cost. Postage prepaid
to all parts of the world.
We Spend Our Money By Giving
It Direct To the Purchaser
One book only sent to each name and address.
"What Henry Ford Is Doing" will be delivered February 1,
Remember that this book will not'be handled by newsdealers
or bookstores.
Don't Miss This Treat
It Wont Last Long
Seattle, Wash. . FBIDAT.- Jecfmbw S, 191»
eleventh teab. No. tf    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   vAirooirvia, b. a
Loggers in East Are
Lining Up in Bunches
(Continued trom page ono)
' mands wore advanced, the strike mi
I'Battled on tho 86th ,by > victory all
['along the line; 8-hour day, 18c per
I tie, teamsten OW snd board .other
, day mon, $5 a day; bull cook, .70,
• one cookeo *75, the other $80; pay
whenever called for and big improvements in camp conditions.
, As reported In last issue, Merrill
Bing & Moore, at Duncan Bay had
'managed, after four months' Itrike,
to get togethor a bunch of strike-
li breakers, ranging in age from 15 to
ii ovor 70, and it may bo that to the
I' .typo °f erow working in the camp
was duo the accident on Friday last,
by which two men lost thoir lives,
. and two others, we understand, were
' seriously injured. The men were
riding on a flat car on a train in
|, which were loaded ears; of courso
something went wrong and two sion
. an now buried. Thore is a law
against carrying mon on flat cars on
loaded trains and same ono broke
that law. Who was it! Whose duty
jUii it to see tht the laws nre en-
|j, forcedf Tho lnwyors wero instructed to attend the inquest at Campbell
Biver but before they could get
thero the inquest was over. Of
courso tho verdict wes "accidental
dealk." But tho case is not dono
with yet; it may be necessary for
' the union to spend a thousand or
two, not on behalf of those who
aro dead, but to protect those who
aro living, and this can host bo done
by seeing that those responsible for
breaking the law aro punished.
This organization stands for tho on-
(K forcoment of tho Ibws, and if those
' who are supposed to look after thom
do not do their duty, then the
union itself must act, and where
tho laws are inadequate to give the
worker that protection and those
conditions to which he is entitled,
.'then the mombors themselves must
[;> writo these lawi into their own
l''' «odo.
Wo anticipate that the laws re-
.' luting to camp conditions and camp
: and mill workors generally will bo
R» better enforced during the coining
a-jf. year than thoy havo been in all tho
previous history of this country.
Particularly will this be truo of the
prairie and oastern provinces.
Many of the members did sot
realizo how much fact there, wai in
the ropoated statements that the em-
jj ployers woro preparing a black lilt
of active union memberB, but this
has boon forcibly brought home to
tmnny of them this week when, after
applying for jobs listed at tho employers' labor agenoy, and having
answered many questions as to their
past history, all of which wai written down, including height, weight,
color of hair, ete. they were thon
told that the employen had given
instructions that no mas who had a
strike record against him would be
fat to work in an association camp,
hat's the stuff to muke a lighting
organization  of  it.   A  man   who
V     hasn't backbone enough to striko, if
I'     necessary, to improve his working
conditiona, isn't worth having in an
organization, but it must   be   im-
ircssed npon the membors that ia a
lunger strike the one with the big-
-it purse can hold est the longest,
at'i tlie boas.   But   the  strikes
■eed sot be huagrr strikes, and tho
boss alwayi coatee through with the
demands when it ia cheaper to pay
than light.
The memben Is eatnp must bo
sure and elect their delegates bofore
the eaap closos dows. Camps with
CO or more paid-up memben can
elect a delogate whole transports-
lion only will be paid by the or-
; ganization. Hit espouses must be
paid by tlie men whom he represents. Hia credentials must be signed by at least 60 of the men who
elect him. Smaller camps ot 25
memben can elect delegates if they
wish, but tho organization will not
defray hia transportation. 'This is
sot to penalize the small camp and
-tgivo the preference to the large one,
but simply because the expense of
such a large number of delegates
would be so tremendous, and seeing
that tho questions must go to refer
esdum, there is no good purpose
served in piling np unnecessary expenses. (Delegates meet January 5,
9 and 7. Convontion opens 8th.
Organizer Golden ln Ontario re-
J ports remarkable success being mot
■' with hearty welcome in nearly every
..camp, is each of which he gcti
\ many memben and appoints a Sola-
gate. At Bonoits the old man raised Cain and ordered him out of the
camp, saying that as he was neither
priest nor doctor he was not wanted
thore. Jim paid-. 50 conts for his
supper, and then whon the men
heard how tho old man bad treated
him thoy insisted upon him staying
tho night, one young Frenchman
giving up his bed for the purpose.
Quite a number of the men signed
up and a delogate was appointed.
Whilst walking the track the next
morning tho organizer mot a young
returned soldior who willingly
agreod to join, was just boing fixed
up with tho necessary receipt, when
tenring along came a big boss who
jumped the young fellow' for his
lonrd whoro ho hud stayed over Sun-
lay. Tho young fellow handed over
ids last 02, which went into the
losses' joans instead of the union
.rensury, but that now member is
vorth more to us than dollars snd
t was about tbo worst investment
he boss mado when he took over
hat last two dollars.   At the noxt
camp 17 toes were Used op, aad
so the good work goes oa.
Fellow-worker J. IL Clarke It at
Fort Francis and haa opened a diatrict office there at taa Webster
Hall, 619 Mowat Street. Their district will cover Rainy Biver County from Keshaboiwe, westward. He
found that Fellow-worker La Bell
was able to handle tk* Edmonton
situation, and Cowas, McKuight,
Lamont and Merd had Prince Albert so woll in hand that there was
no good purpose tto be served ia going there.
Tom Mellows is looking aftor Sudbury district; he ia at present located at the Sudbury Hotel. Fellow-
worker B. Lockheed at 314 Bay
Street, is looking after Port Arthur
Fellow-workers Baxter and W. A.
Nicholson took a trip to Merritt and
after doing some good organizing
work, got a local branoh established
with local Becrotary and full equip-'
ment. All districts are notified that
I. Weinstein, who was acting as organizer, is no longer ia that capacity, and is sot to be. recognized in
any way without flrst communicating
with headquarters.
Members' attention if drawn to
tho fact that heavy demands are being mado oa the central atrike
fund, but that ia their interest in
tho defense fund this matter haB
been overlooked.
During tie past week contributions to the defense fund have come
in from Kingcome Biver, $171; Myrtle Point, $123.15; Bainbridgc, $87;
Union Bay, $211.50; Hordwiek Island, $180; Simeon Sound, $26; Jackson Bay, $102,5)1; Jackson Bay
(boom camp), $55; Headquartors,
Camp 3, $107.45, and a large numbor
of smaller amounts from camps and
individuals. Also $152.75 from
Heriot Bay, without information
what for. Will delegates in sending
in give name and amount of each
contributor, so that liberty bonds
to the amount can ba sent him.
As old-time logger, Jack Woods,
who wus active in forming the organization, wants the boys to know
thut he is getting busy on his usual
Christmaa Day arrangements for giving the loggers in St. Paul'i Hospital a good time. There ii a large
Ust of them at present, so a lot of
assistance is asked for by him.
It il sot the intention of the eecretary to roply either through the
Fed. or tko Worker to tho peraonal
attacks that are boing made upon
him by certain individuals, sometimes using their own names, sometimes assumed ones. Ho prof en to
moot then real individuals face to
face before tho entire mmbenhip.
All he asks ia that thoy attond tho
general meeting is January; he will
be there, and hopes that they will.
Millmen Must Get Together If They Are to Get
Decent Conditions
Eighteen new applicants were ae.
copted into membership at the last
meoting of the Engineers and Mill
Workors Unit Of tho O. B. U.' Whilo
this progress ii satisfactory tor tho
prosent, it will be necessary for tho
Mill Worken to got a hustle on, and
join tho organization if they want
to take advantage of the present
boom in the lumbor industry by securing for themselves a little of the
profits that their employen are now
making out ef their labor.
Tho prico of finished lumber has
almost doubled dining the past two
yoars, yot wagea for mill worken
have remained practically the same,
and unloss they recoive an increase
is wages pretty soon .there is some
doubt among thoso who ara organizod as to whether the wages now
boing paid will be sufficient to purchase the necessities of life to es-
ablo them te reproduce their power
to labor.
The attendance at th* various
business meetings of late is very
amall, asd whilo thoso who do attend realize the nights are cold, and
that it would be much more comfortablo sitting at home by the fire, thoy
also realize that if no one took as
active part in the Labor movement,
it would not be long until thoy could
sot afford to have a home and a fire
to lit by asd consider, it la up to
every momber who can manage to
attend a business meoting, to do so
at loast once each month.
Meetings an sow being held as
Vancouver—Evory Monday, room
302, Labor Templo.
Now Westminster—Second and
4th Wednesday, room 8, Labor Hall.
Port Moody—Second and 4th Fridays, Orange Hall. .>
Maillardvillo—Second aad 4th
Thursdaya, Moving picture theatre.
A copy of The Fedorationist is
mailed to eaoh momber woekly, and
ln futuro any membor who does not
receive a copy of same should look
up his membership book and see If
is paid up to date, aa if so. he
should put in a kick to the secretnry,
W. A, Alexander, who will investigate tho cause as to why the paper
has not been delivered.
Ask your grocer If Us clerks are
in the unioni
Clubb & Stewart
Established SO Tear*
Men's Overcoats and Raincoats—New arrivals
of all the new models in young men's Overcoats,
Rubberized Raincoats, Trench Coats for men
and women.
Sweater Coats for Men and Women—the best
yet. Boys,' Youths' and Children's Clothing
and Furnishings—none better.
(Continued from page 8)
aot abuse the right of collective bargaining as organized labor had done
and adopting resolutions to that effect.
I shall sot agree that all members
of the institute are boing deceived
but the resolution and the unanimous support of such showed a gross
ignorance of the "crisis" on the
right of collective bargaining or else
they were purposely promulgating
lying propaganda against tho working class in bohalf of the selfish and
greedy interests. If such is not the
case it would be well for the memben of tho institute to get better
posted on the "crisis" of the right
ot collective bargaining, before they
misinform othen after being misinformed themselves lay the blame on
innocent people's shoulders and aot
on the class who did really abuse
the principles of their owa laws al
thoy most usually do oa inch mat
The truth cuts aa a, two-edged
sword asd there win be some who
will turn their backs to the following statoment. Tho right of collective bargaisisg at Winnipeg was denied by the employers to the employees when tho workon demanded
an agreement for higher wages to
meet the increasing costs tt living.
The employer rofused to bargain
which resulted in a general strike
at Winnipeg. The strikers expocting
that on the faet of the right of collective bargaining clause regarding
labor disputes in the International
Peace Treaty that the government
would intorvoso In bohalf of the
strikers and compel the employers
to abide by tho clause in tho treaty
as it was their duty to do bo in upholding tho Poace Treaty but instoad
the governmont truncd traitor against their own Peace Treaty clause and'
assisted tho selfish interests in Winnipeg to spread the lying propaganda
about the crisis and slandered and
defamed the brafniest and most sin-
core of tho workors and now if the
Peace Treaty is ratified oo the 1st
of December, I do not know how
they can justly keop these poor victims of tho monied powors in prison
or even find them guilty since thoy
wore intimidated by the monied
It would be much better for the
monied class to read more of the
labor papers than they have boos
doing and get posted en working-
class conditions which to a great
extent are undeBcribable by words
or print and a good way for them
to get posted would be to subscribe
to the B. C. Federationist or some
of the many small publcations of the
working class. Not being subsidised
thoy eannot publish a vet/ large
publication or yot a daily, and being opposed by such powers that be
instoad of being assisted, ia their
educational work among the masses
rogarding a elass struggle asd being restricted there is sot a great
amount of reading to be done to
start a reader thinking, bat most of
tho people are so far behind on the
subject that thoy would need to secure some kind of a primer ta coach
them into Use to gain aay gnat
knowledge -of class sooioty.
I would recommond the memben
of tho Canadian Mining Institute to
subscribe to as many of the labor
publications as possible and keep;
posted en the labor situation and not
place themselves open to criticism
of tho working class as they have
done at the Vaneouver convention
and do not cater .too much to that
aide of society which binds the othor
side down, but suroly you can place
younelvos in i position for the uplifting of humanity and surely the
members are humane enough to read
both sides of the subject and collect
the concrete facts for what thoy oro
worth and quit flirting with tho selfish evil powors bnt fill the measures and weigh the truth In the balance of justice and judge with
equity and you will ceaso to- bow
to the eruel selfish interests who defy and stamp at justice with as iron
hool In their profiteering and oppression of tho working class.
(The following letter has been
sent for publication. We are aot
ablo to say whother our correspondent is a wag or whethor he is as
his letter would donoto, but having
road the letter with a good deal of
amusoraont, wo do not desiro to prevont our renders from enjoying its
peculiarities ,and so we print it just
as it wns written with all its misspelling, and other errors. Our readers can tako it aa they wish, to us it
looks like a very elevor piece of satire, and a very elevor tilt at the
presont syBtom.—Editor.)
Celista, Nov 28, 1910.
Dear Sir and Brother,
Editor B, C. Federationist: I
am writing you in haste, and in
great distress, of mind. I am fifty
four yours paat, and am just about
tottering on the verge of the gravo,
i evon fear i am beginning to in
somo small way losing faith in
It ia tliis way with mo.
For tho lost fifty years, i have
boon praying to tho good Lord to
givo me this day my daily broad
and lately it has como to me that
tho bread varies in proportion to
tho animount of work i am paid for.
that is to soy, No work, No Broad.
Notwithstanding 1 have still an
abiding faith in prayor, For the laat
twenty years all efforts in that direction i have concentrated in just
one Tho following Prayor. (It ll
not copyrighted)
Ob Gi> I our Heavenly Father,
Who Art in Heaven,
Givo me I pray you
One Hundred thousand dollars,
And i promts to give
fifty thousand to the Poor.
My neighbour, Harold Noakcs, who
i fear is onc of thoso qucor aggita-
tors, has told mo I must bo drunk
or'crazy to think that Ood would
trust mo with so largo an ammount
of monoy as that, this occured about
throo months ago, and he has not
visited me since
Oh, well, I muy havo boes over
hasty, and no doubt twos an occasion whoro Christian humility demanded vi should havo proforod the
other cheek, Well, well, evou tho
Apostle Paul found troublo with his
A few dnys since 1 was visited by
Neigliboor Cliarly Johnson and 1
was not surprised whon\ho brought
the conversation around to my Equable with Noukca, no:ther of them it
seems, deny the power of Prayor.
Johnson puts the case this way.
Addmitting, that. God gavo mo one
hundred thousand dollars, say in
gold coin- inch ooin not coming from
aoy of the oxisting Mints, so matter if it waa standard in every respoct would still in Law be counteract. (By Hing i had not thought
ef that)
Again, were the ammount in Canadian Bank of Commerce Bills, those
Banks he tells me have all their bills
numbered and is the evest that two
bill bearing the same ssmber appears at tho bank one of them muit
be a forgery, and furthermore,
when the mountiei traced the. bills
or coin back to me, that he did not
believe that thore could be found in
all this Christian world a court that
would except my unsupported word,
and it would be up to mo to produce
Ood in Court to prove my Alibi,
(Woll i declare, i sever saw it is
that light before) At this poist
Johnson i suppose noticed that 1
was displeased with his Impious reference to the Qod hoad, He took hii
hat aad weat.
Well after hi* departure, i mused
for wme time, aad concluded to
carry my trouble to th* Divine
Healer, to strapped oa my knee
pads asd assumed an attitude of de-
votlos asd adorstioo, yoa know 1
find it asoeiitry to wear pad* os
my kseei, two part* sf my garment
looms to wear oat astonishingly
fast, the seat asd the knees, to protect the latter i wear pad*.
I dos't think i hsd been prayisg
longer than four or five houn when
ea in a vision it seemed to me i
could ice the way to my hearts de-
Ton must hsve become acquainted
with the faot, a fact that all the
great Eddetors are awaro of, namely, that mighty sums of Bolshevik
mosey is boing distributed far and
wide throughout the world, it ia indeed fortusste that they or your
solf or thoir or your readen have
no use for the money, i see in this
the hand of Ood, and at last, and in
the very sear future i will have
abundant proof to eosfousd those
scooters who heretofor have oaused
mo much pain.
Only one small difficulty remains
to be overcome, the Oood Lord has
not informed me just where the
Lucre is stored, and who is there
among you who woald question the
divine wisdom
i confess i don't care to bother
the Edditors rofered to they are
kopt bo busy those dayi. being a
subscriber to your valued paper for
some time and feeling tore you eaa
sot only holp me. But at the same
time can prove instrumental in no
mean manner of making his divine
will manifest to tho ungodly. Almighty Honour indeed, and a virtue
that should provo ita own reward -
So dear Bir, i hope you will let
me ksow aa soon as yon can just
when thoae huge sums are being disbursed, aad just how i should proceed to acquire the mazuma.
My seed ia at this time indeed
great, a person named Law is con-
tinually sending mo letters begging
mo to sond him all' i can spare for
the Winnipeg Defence fund, Judging by tho amount of mail he sends
me i am begissisg to fear lome mis-
ohieveus penon haa been tolling
him thst I sm the person is charge
of thst treasure chest. Why mas, st
this time a five dollar bill to ae
would Mem large enough to cause a
totat Eclipse of the Sun.
I think it might be ssfe to publish thia letter io case you have
forgotten the address of that treasure house.
is that evest, it might be, some
of your readen could recall it to
Hoping for a reply by return
mail or aa soon as possiblo, i remain
Youn Fraternally
Celista, B, O.
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: Be
resolutions appearing in last issuo of
tho Workor by Follow-worker All-
mas, According to Allman, the
only thing ho is desirous of is that
the membership should read, study,
and digest aforesaid resolutions. If
tho 10 points had boen written as
comic opera, it might be possible to
set them to music. President Wilson ssd his 14 points, which were
the acme of Bourgeoise, idealism,
while on the othor tho 10 points ss
put forth by F. W. Allmau, read,
like the vaporings of an illogical
mind whieh has ceased to function-
After reading and re-reading, as
he requests, it occurred to mo that
he might mean and think the resolutions are all right, whioh I doubt.
Hence this lettor.
If they are written with serious
intent, thon the wont fate he could
OBk for them would bo that the membenhlp read them over. Thoy would
not have to think vory dooply ovor
any ono of his resolutions. Tho 10
points will dio a nice quiet death
after the rank and file rend them,
as they aro full of contradictions,
nnd those that do not conflict aro
simply foolish. It is about the worst
drivil that haa appeared in the
Worker since the convention, and
that ia going some. The Worker
hns cost the organization $1830.37 in
throe months, sot including postage
and the editor $40 per week. The
same monoy could havo bcen spent
to greater advantage on organization work.
After careful consideration of the
resolutions tho worker on tho job
will como to the same conclusion as
the writer.
Clause 1 reads: A paid official of
the L. W. I. U. shull not hold office
longor thon six months, nnd must go
back to work in the industry for on*
year, before ho can hold oilice again,
Clauso i reads: The sccrotury-troas.
urer and all officials of tho L. W.
1. U. Bhall be nominatod from tho
floor of tho annual convention. 'Does
F. W. Allman sot know that annual
means once a yoar I If he does not
then I would advise a coune in
English for him. When the secretary-treasurer's six months of offloe
expire, how aro they going to eleot
a now secretary-treasurer when1*
thoro will only be a convention onco
a yoar, according to Clauso 9f
Think again, fellow worker; something slipped somewhere. Of course
tho oflico of sccrtary-treasurer could
easily remain vucuut for six montlis,
or for that pnrt, bc could stop boldly into the breach himsolf.
Just about the time tho secretary-
treasurer was getting acquainted
with the work ami had things running smoothly, yank: out he comes
und in goes somo dub who knows
nothing, and everything is upside
down. Tho system wc have at presont seems to work all right. Whon
you got a SBcretnry-troasurer who
gives results, keep him there; but
just as soon as ho doei not satisfy
the    membership    pall    him    out,
',' Twelve years ago I came to the conclusion that there was only one way to make shoes uid that was
*M of solid leather. Since that time I have stuck to this principle and have found that it was the right
one. In my repairing and making the best of leather is used As a conclusive proof look at my ever-
increasing stream of customers who go out of my store satisfied that they received their money's
Is PARIS in Vancouver
REPAIRING that will double the life of yonr Shoes
Men's Blaok Chroma Boots; good
strong work boots at a reasonable
price .
Hen's Black and Brown Boots;
light weight, recede and round
toes _.  ji 97.45
Moulders Plain Toe, Elastic Side
Boot  96.50
Men's Bunion Last Kid Bluchers; a
soft, easy fitter; has kangaroo toe
to prevent chipping.
Ladies' Black Sealette Kid bal.
Leather Louis heel; 9-in. top.
Regular $8.50, now $6.95
Girls' Brown Elk Boots; high top,
half bellows tongue f 5.50
.Boys' Chrome Strong Boots; solid
leather double toe-caps; .'nailed
and stitched soles; sizes 1-5%,
for .'„  ?4.20
Felt Slippers in every variety; leather soles, fur trimmed, with or
without heels:
Last          K
A boot made ftr      '
bis who le aot
west   a   pointed
toe.    Vtry short
BS           m\,
and wide fitting.
Small    is    keel.       '
Black sad brows
Jt~.j/       mi
cslf.                         J
Z^"'       __W    ■  emmaaamt
Shoe Manufacturer and Retailer
51 Hastings West
whether it be   Bix   days   or   six
Clause 2. That no paid official
shall have s vote whilo holding
office. It'a too bad ho would not
make himself clear. A vote on
what! Does he moan the city elections, or the Dominion! I would
like to know.  '■
Clause 4. That no official or employee shall hold office in this organization unless he is an actual
wage workor is the lumbering industry. What this organization needs
ia efficiency in tho conduct of its
business. If the above resolution is
pieced in the constitution it will
oreate oertais jobs for men who
haye been looking for samo for some
time. It seems they aro willing to
socridco the affaire of tho office so
s tew individuals can get a job.
iifllauso 6. Businoss meotings shall
lit Veld every Sunday at 2 p.ra. The
ill W. I. U. hu eeased to be cen-
ti*d around the coaBti It's members
dreto be found sll over the Dominion of Canada. The workers on the
Mist wast to viow this organisation as it really is, an orgasization
stiWehlsg from the Atlantic to the
Photo, also from north to south.
One year from now the L. W. I. C.
Stoat to have the groatset organiza
tion on the North American continent. Of courso that depends on
how tho individuals buck or try to
stop progress, as they have dose in
the paat. In dealing with tl)e busi-
'neas meeting, he says that by giving
— houn' notice any seven members
can call a special business meeting
in any branch! The idea is simply
foolish; st thst rste they could call
a special business meoting every
other day asd pass motions whioh
would probably affect members they
had novor soon or heard of. Bomom-
ber seven men dictating tlio policy
for 18,000 mombers, some idea, ohf
Tho coast ought to bo made s district, with secretary-treasurer, executive board asd other committees
so as to conduct the business for
the lumber workers on the coast. A
business meeting every seoond snd
fourth Snnday is enough to conduct the business of the L. W. 1.17.
The organization being rus on the
job, that ia the place to become acquainted with its workings.
Clause 14. No organizer ihall advocate s politieal party platform.
When an organizer is elected he is
supposed to bo elected for his ability to orgasizo snd sis knowledge of
industrial unionism. What hia political beliefs and ideals are should
not be of ssy interost to s man who
claims he understands* hli position
in society.
The way the above clause roads,
the L. W. I. tl. would own ss organizer body asd soul for 24 hours
per day and seven daya s week.
Would it be breaking the rules to
go to s picturo ahow. A man who
could think straight would not be
bound by uy eueh'bunk.
Clause lt. If some Of the mem-,
ben would practise whst they
preach about subordination and discipline the union would bs better
off today.
Follow workers, like Fellow Worker Allman, I ssk of yos te read carefully, get to the bottom, Ind ont
whst it means. Believe nothing you
hoar or read; investigate, find out
for yoursolf, tako nothing for granted—you know or you dos't Know,
Now is the time to prepare yonr
resolutions, have them published in
the Workor ao the memben st large
can discuss them, also instruct their
delegatea to the convention to obey
the wishes of the men who load
thom there.
Come on sow, fellow worken al-
together, let ns sll get into the business snd pull, and m the very near
future we will hsve sa organization
which will be second to none in the
All it needs, boys, Is sll poll together and s little work!
Toon for economic freedom,
ItcEenzie and the I. W. W.
Editor B. C. Felmtioslst: Sne* I
wrote that open letter to* all membors of the L. W. 1 IT. of the 0. B.
V., the Worker hss arrived, ssd eon.
siderable ipse* is taken up witk
"resolutions for your consideration," which la nothing more or leas
than the t W. W. constitution, although the cowardly plsgsrists' who
put it there were sot mon enough
to state where they got lt from.
Having noither the initiative ra
the intelligence to bring forth nnything of their own, they must copy
the constitutes of another organization.
Evon ss honest 1 W. W. must, look
with disgust os saeh tactics, sad ss
oeo of those elected to tho 0. 8. V.
eonvention from the L. W. I. V of
the 0. B. V., I hereby declsre thst
I shall neither by set or word
(spokes or written) advocate tk*
sail constitution. Asd I feel oertais
thst ae other unit of tke 0. B. IT.
 (Continued aest page)
Liberty Bonds
S^SSm^mmssmssmmSSmSSMSmsmaSSWSSmSSWSSm    ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■a
For the Defense of the Men Arrested as a Result
of the Winnipeg Strike, in Denominations of $1,
$2 and $5.   Have You Got Yours Yet?
A Day's Pay for Winnipeg
Liberty of Speech and Action Is
Worth Paying and Fighting For
Make all monies payable to A. S. WELLS, Secretary of
Defense Committee, 405 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver, B. C. PAGE EIGHT
eleventh TEAR. No. io   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. o.
FRIDAY .December 5, 191
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(Continued from psge 3)
being in Deakoff's house one night
when Dcakoff gavo him a revolutionary song to read!"
Reply; "He never give mo anything of tho kind."
Mr. Beid: "And you said,
"There sre msny mlstskes in
•polling!' ».
Reply: "I sever ssy snything of
the sort."
Ur. Beid here hunted apparently
for the "song," Mr. Rubinowitz
remarking that it was scribbled on
a half-sheet of paper. It was not
• Mr. Reid: "Who told you to como
down here!"
' Witness (pointing) "Lawyer."
Then he added:   "I hear thoy look-
Gifts at
There is a surprisingly largo
number of articles—say. from
$1.00 to $5.00—throughout our
various departments, that are
eieeUent for Christmas tokens.
Thero is not an unworthy article among them — nothing
shoddy—but aU in good tasto
and good quality.
"The  Houso of  Diamonds"
Tho Btore of the  Christmas
480486 OBANVILLE 8T.
At Corner Ten-der
ing for mo and I sent a lotter to
my friends, and they sent mo word
to come. They sent mo a telegram
to come to Vnncouver, becauso they
knew I was a good friend to Dcakoff."
Mr. Reid. "Where's the telo-
grain V i
Witness looked among his papers
without success, beyong finding tho
envelope (undated).
Mr. Beid: "When did you get
that telegramf"
Beply:    "Friday week."
Mr. Beid pressed witnoss as to
whether he hod received any letters
from Vancouver, or seen any Bussians and talkod to them, beforo
coming down hore.
Beply: "Yes, they told me to
come down here because I was a
friend of Dourasoff."
Mr. Beid: '' They threatened
Reply: "No; told mo I had to
eome down. Lots of people told mo
they were looking for me."
Mr. Reid: 'LDid you know the
Mounted Police wcro looking for
you up theref"
Beply:   "No."
Witness gavo his present address
on Union Street; ami Mr, Reid asked to havo him .back at tho next
Mr. Rubinowitz hnd no objection,
but stipulated thut Dourasoff was
not lo try meanwhile to get into
touch with him and tamper with
him. Counsel explained that ho had
reasons for this; while Mr. Reid
raised a great rumpus about it being a reflection on himself. Tho
magistrate duly warned "the accused and any other witness;" but
Mr. Roid still kept up the racket,
in spite of Mr. Bubinowitz's repeated assurance that ho was not suggesting anything against counsel
himsolf. Ho had -discovered thftt
the summing of this witness had becomo known beforehand to Dourasoff, and he wantod him safeguarded. Finally he characterized Mr.
Boid's fuss as "sham indignation."
Mr. Beid continued the cross-examination, dieting that witness
witness-knew that Porfiry could
read Russian, because ho had seen
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Why not get it at once and enjoy it
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We offer you a large selection to
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How Australian Ideals
Were Sacrificed
(Continued from page 1)
read articles reprinted from English
nowspapers—including the London
Times—that had already, passed a
British censor in London. Worse
than that, he refused to allow labor
papers to publish articles that had
already appoarcd in other non-labor
pnpers in Australia. He prohibited,
by means of tho censorship, any reference to the possibility of the introduction of colored lnbor into Australia. When boatloads of Maltese
laborers reached Western Australia,
his censors forbade any reference to
the fact. Finally, lio issued an order
that no newspaper was to be permitted to reflect •disparagingly upon
William Morris Hughes eilher by
cartoon or by letterpress.
Not. ono of theso censorship restrictions—and BcoreB of them could
bo quoted—had tho faintest justification from a military point of view..
They wcro purely and simply acts of
political despotism, and brand forever thoir author as an enemy of
politicnl freedom and democratic institutions.
Another blackardly abuse of power waB his rofuBnl to allow'thc establishment of a labor newspapor in
Queensland. This was dono under
tho mis-use of a regulation prohibiting the formation of a company
during war-time, without tho consent of Mr. Hughes—and which he
took fino care did not get his consent. But at tho samo time at least
three anti-labor papers woro allowed
to establish themselves throughout
Australia,'and ho wasn't even asked
for his consent. In this, matter
Hughes showod a most vicious spito
though he claimed to havo sunk
party differences for tho sake of his
him read a Russian newspaper in a
poolroom. Counsel rather eagerly
grabbed tho opportunity tb make a
"meoting" out of this, but the best
he could get was thnt there wero
"two or throe men togother." Witness mentioned tho namo of the
nowspaper in question, but haa not
seen Porfiry reading another mentioned by counsel.
Mr. Reid: "Did you soo any
Russian papers from Seattle in
Donkoff's house?"
Witness:    "No."
"Or anywhere?"'
"Ono  paper, brought  by  Doura-
ff" namo given).
"Where was it published?"
"New York."
Witnoss how retired from the
stand, and next Wednesday was suggested for his further examination,
witness to remain in Vancouver.
Thon he was recalled by Mr. Rubinowitz, who elicited that ho had written two letters to Dourasoff, who
had formerly gone under the nanio
of Terasoff; also thut witness had
"entree" to tho homes of Russians
here, and took Dourasoff with him
when ho visited thom.
Mr. Roid hero objected again, and
Mr. Rubinowitz explained that ho
wanted to show tho circumstances
under which the letter to Dourasoff
was written, tho wives of the arrested Russians blaming witness for introducing Dourasoff among thom.
The opposition wns maintained, and
Mr. Rubinowitz turnod to the disputed passage in the letter and asked for witness's own translation.
Tho magistrato ridiculed tho idea;
and after some further suggestions
as to an "independent" interpreter
that matter was also dropped.
Mr, Rubinowitz: "You enmo
down here specially to give evidence?"
Roply:    "Yes."
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Because you
got this—"
Mr. Beid objected.
Mr. Rubinowitz: '.'.Why did you
como here?"
Reply: "(They knew I knew Dourasoff, and they wanted me to come
down here."
Mr. Rubinowitz now wished to
question witness further about the
reading of newspapers nnd tho remarks of Dourasoff. This ho explained was in view of tho contention that Dourasoff was an
"agent provocateur."
Magistrate: "I'm not trying Dourasoff for boing revolutionary. I don't
know anything ubout his politics,
and don't caro. Why wasto titao
in talking about what was said, except so far as it boars   on   theso
Mr. Bubinowitz: "To explain
why the Russian women said somothing to him."
Magistrato: " What's that got to
do with thc caso?"
Mr. Rubinowitz: "To show thnt
this witness is not giving his ovidenco because ho is afraid."
Magistrate: "I can't seo how
it's going to help mo to decido
whether Dourasoff and Roth woro
guitly of porjury or not."
Mr, Rubinowitz argued that if
the allegations generally wero shown
to bo tho results of imagination and
invontion, then tho Dourasoff charges
wero also to be taken as false.
The magistrato could not apparently got tho samo point of view,
and remarked: "Wo got so fnr
afield, we'll some time get so.fur
that wo '11 nover find our way
bock." '
Mr. Boid again mentioned tho two
lotters witness had written to Dourasoff from Vancouver und Granby
Bay. one of which eame back. This
led to' an iutorosting bit of additional testimony in view of the fact
that the authorities had been "unable" to produco this witnoss at tho
immigration inquiry.
Mr. Rubinowitz: "You say that
Dourasoff wroto a lettor to you?"
Witness:    "Yes."
"Whoro were you?"
"Anyox, B.  C."
"Dourasoff knew you were at
"Sure."     ■
Mr. Reid: "Why not produce the
letter and ask him? That's what
I'd" do."
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Dourasoff
knew where ho was."
Mr. Reid: "I object uulesa tho
It iter is produced."
Mr. Rubinowitz: '' When was
Witness: "About tho beginning
of September."
Mr. Reid: "Did you ever answer
Witness: "Yes; thc letter carno
back." Everybody wus apparently
desirous of having auy documents
available produced, but witness hnd
not got tbe letter iu question. Ho
said, however, "I've got the letter
I wrote Dourusoff in May."
Magistrate: "Oh! that's of no
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In the domestic policy of tho eountry, wo know him as a strike-breaker, a union smasher, a destroyer of
freo speech and press, and an -unscrupulous abuser of tho functions of
government. But how docs ho figure
in foreign uffairs. No better, bo assured of that.
Whether he was privy to the secret treaty between Britain and Japan, whereby the latter got certain
of the Gorman Pacific islands, it is
not known for certain. But the Australian people havo a bettor opinion
of Groat Britain thnn to believe that
tho* treaty was mado without seme
understanding with tho Hughes government in Australia, especially
when the latter was so vitally concerned in, the matter. At any rato,
when thc Peaco Conference came up,
Hughes showed his hand. Ho demanded all the former German possessions for Australia es though they
wero so many ornaments to hang on
his watch-chain. Of course, Japan
then insisted her "rights" under
the Bccrot treaty—and which, by tho
way, she had automatically denounced by agreeing to President Wilson's fourteen points.
What is tho rosult of this? Australia has an enormous expanses of
blaek man's land placed under her
charge. In its present stato the cost
of upkeep will bo terrific, and thc
only way to improve tho position
would be to spend hundreds of millions of dollars in development, and
as many moro in armaments. But,
worst of all, it is a black man's land
and can only bo developed in a
black man's way. Our national ideal
of an all-white continent is to bc
flung away for tho sake of these
exponsivo and dangerous territories.
Our national escutcheon threatens to
Will Bring About
Amalgamation of Forces
(Continued trom page 1)
tho unions. Ro said that it struck
him as being peculiar that this was
only facing started in tho old land
in 1919, when tho spy and socrct service men had boon so long in tho
game in this country. In a jocular
manner ho stated that this again
showed how backward they wero in
tho old land. Ho stated that th'e
ruling class of the old land had
somo traditions bohind them, and
wero used to ruling, but thet the
ruling class of this country worked on the basis that while tho meetings wero opon, that thoro was somo
Bccrot telepathy by which tho work,
ers passed on their desigus.
Dol. Wolls said that any member
of tho O. B. U. who thought tho
now organization could function to
bring about a change in tho system,
did not understand tho capitalistic
system, and that talk of forming a
new socioty within tho shell of the
old was so much nonsense Ho urgod
tho workers to endeavor to undep
stand thc system, and not to make
silly statements which eould be used
io causo mon to be arrested for attempting to bring about revolutions.
Dol. Kavanagh also pointed out
that tho matorial conditions of "a
peoplo was tho cause of tho actions
of society, and that peoplo reacted
as the causo of furthor movements,
on conditions, and the conditions
again acted as tho cause of further
A general discussion then took place
on many mattors in which it was
pointod out that littlo knowledge
combined with much misguided enthusiasm was dangerous, and that
revolutions woro not made or plotted, but came about becnuse of tho
conditions thnt prevailed.
Socretary Wood reported that
efforts wero being mado lo have Professor Angus address tho next couneil meeting, and ns this moeting was
tho rogular oducational meeting, if
tho profossor could not bo secured
another spenker' would bo on hand
to address tho council.
Workers' Liberty Bond Buttons
are Issued to every purchaser of a
bond. Have yon got yours yet. Oet
behind a button and show that you
are willing to help all you can the
defense of the men arrested in Win
(Continued from Page 1)
pigs and men with deceased minds.
Thia seemed to be the consensus
of opinion of other delegates but
delegate Russell asked for an apo-
llgy from dolegate MeVety and it
was given.
Considerable discussion took
place over the Insertion of a clauso
in'the constitution that was being
presented for adoption ot a clause
in the constitution that was being
presented for adoption by the
council. The constitution commlt-
I tee were desirous of inserting a
I clause which provided that no person be seated who had advocated
secossion from the afflliated A. V.
of L. movemont. In objecting to
this it was pointed out that a great
many of the live wires who are still
with the International, advocated
secession. The clause was Anally
mado to read that auy delogate
who advocated secession whilo a
delegate to the council, shall be
unseated and his organization
asked to appoint a delegate in his
or her place. With the addition ot
this clause the old constitution of
July, 1917, was adopted.
The question of the name of the
council also came up for discussion
and It was decided to stick to the
name of the Vancouver Trades and
labor Council.
Delegate Sully In referring to
what the Federationist reporter
had quoted him as stating at the
last council meoting (daily paper
reporters made the same statement) informed the council that
he would like to see the men on
trial lir. Winnipeg discharged because it would be the "best way
to kill them." If they were sentenced they would become martyrs
and would boost their movement.
He wus therefore oppsed to the
scheme that the "sharks had of
collecting money" because It would
only tend to build up the O. B. 11.
The new bridge
is firm
Just ns the locked door of a
safo is firm so tho new Be-
movable Bridge Ih firm and
solid when in place. Patients
not having seen this new
denture, whieh represents the
latest advance in tho Science
of Dentistry, are inclinod to
think of it as loose or shaky, bt-
gsuho It In nnovabla. An exm*
.nation of the bridge itielf will
remove this impression at once.
The secret of tbe firmness «nd
solidity io uso lies In tbe nbsotau
accuracy with whioh it is m»«i»,
and the peculiar quality of the
gold which In used—a Bpeoial
hardnoBs and ronlHoncy being
necosHDry. Also tn tbe method'by
which it Is attached or "locked'*
in tbe mouth.
Tbls new bridge cnn be worn by
thoso whoso tooth lasses do not
permit of tbo regular bridge. Boo
it liure.    •
Dr. Lowe
Fine Dentistry
Phost  Bey.  S144
Opposite Wooflward'i
Workers' Liberty Bond Buttons
are issued to every purchaser of a
bond. Have you got yours yet. Get
behind a button aud show that you
are willing to help all you can the
defense of the men arrested iu Winnipeg.
be besmirched with tho . stain of
-Wilson's idea of internationalizing tho Gorman possessions in the
Pcciflc was tho ideal of tho Australian labor party. Had it boon
dono, tbo Australian people would
havo bcen saved an enormous burden, and would havo had in its plncc
tlio welcome, barrier of an internationally mnintniuod armament pieced betwoen her. and Jnpnn. As it
now happens, Jupnn's dominion
stretches to within a slonn's throw
of Australia, and provided for Iter
a handy jumping-off ground whenever sho desires to mako tho next
leap in tho future.
Thus it comes about that, mainly
through tho anti-labor trickery of
Prime Minister Hughes, tho white
Australia policy is today in doadly
danger. Tho centre of navalism has
been shifted to thc Pacific ocean, aud
later on we may find tho warships
of foreign nations bombarding our
cities and towns, and colored races
making their entry into our midst.
And when that happens, wo cnn lay
much of tho blame nt tho door of
William Morris Hughes, tho present
anti-labor Australia prime minister.
Letters to The Fed.
(Continued from page 7)
will stand for it eithor, whotver thc
loggers may do. I would rather
withdraw as a delegate to the said
convention, than snerifleo tho principles of tho school of thought to
which I Mlong. But believing that
that gang of disrupters do not express the sentiments of the majority
of our union, I shall ,unlcss a reelection takes placo which would put
me out of count, act as a delegato
to that convention.... -.
When a nolice titRaar. nv oimlVu
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agent of tho government, asks any
of theso follows whother thia is an
I. W. W. organization or not, thoy
answer thot it is not, but they know
that it is their earnest desire that
it should be, if thoy could have their
way. , How; aro we, who. know that
it is not, going to bo able to state
that with assurance in futurel If I
wcro an I. W. W., I would not be
ashamed to declare myself. Nor
would I descend to such literary
stealing or underground tactics to
ruin an organization which doos not
call itself the I. W. W.
Follow workers, if you wish to join
tho I. W. W., do bo honestly. There
is no nood of having two O. E. B.'s.
(goneral executive boards). There
is one in existence in Chicago, United States ,at presont.
I hopo by theso few lines that I
havo doclared myself sufficiently so
that you may know what I stand for.
Tours fraternally,
Kamloops District.
On Just Laws
Editor B. C. Foderationist:   Tour
circular lettor camo duly to hand.
I seo by the Federationist that Eel.
Bussell says thot our Canadian laws
aro just. Possibly ho means something very different from what I
understand by that word. If I
thought our laws wore just, and
justly carried out, I would not be
in any union that was seeking to
change thoso laws. When I resigned my position as J. P. in 1914, I
gave as my reason that I was fully
convinced that a numbor of our
laws, and certainly tho goneral practice of our courts, oncouraged dishonesty and crimo. I havo not
weakened in my opinion. I beliove
that justice is practically impossiblo
under the present systom. First, because, thero is no. thorough and impartial investigation, and secondly,
because the expenses of courts aro
such that a poor man has no show.
I have no sympathy with tho crazy
people who would attempt to cost
out our system, bad as it is, until
they wero pretty sure they had somothing better to put in the placo of
it. I bolieve in hitting one nail at
a time. I think if wo eould bo assured of justico in our courts it
would bo a great reform that would
bring many others very soon.
Now a short timo-ago tho International Union of Steam and Oporating Engineers demanded a higher
scale of pay,   in   oonsequenco   of
which, as I would not buck agaius
tho union, I havo boon dismissed
and a non-union man put in m;
placo. That scorns quite logal, an
I supposo Mr. Russell would thinl
just, and as far as I can see a
prosent tho union has not power t
protect or help mo. I do not knot
if the 0. B. U. woilfd bo any bette
or not, but it puts ine in a very tigh
ilx. I hnd just bought a piece o
land and if I had kopt receiving m;
wages for anothor four or flv
months I would havo been in a poai
tion.to have put something on it tha
would hnvo helped to make my liv
ing. Now, knowing there are quit
a few engineers out of work, I so
no wny of making a fow dollars un
til tho spring and 1 paid nearly al
my available cash for my land, bui
I beliove that a fair trial in all easei
ahould bo had and without it W(
have no security or foundation foi
stablo government. I have previous
ly given $5.00 (more thin a day'i
pay); I herewith forward WOO more
and if I should see any means oi
getting money boforo tne affair ii
closed I will send some more, le
cause I bolieve a vital principle ii
at stake.        " '
Tours respectfully,
Don't take our say-so for it, but malic the investigation for
yourself—that's   thc   way   to   know, the   how\about   values.
—that have real Value—that have style and yet. the prioe is lower
than the same shoe will for at other stores—and with onr unlimited
assortment there's a shoe here for every man—our lines comprise
such makes of men's shoes as have a universal reputation for being
the best in footwear—Regal, McPherson, Copeland A Ryder, Slater,
leckie and others.
Here's an A rich Brown calf boot, Goodyear wolt — rubber heel—»
Example orackcrjock—other stores sell this boot for $18.00.
Boy Shoe
Every mother knows this shoe
to bo aeo high in boys' boots,
for hard, rough wear—a shoo
that simply ean't bo equalled
at tho price—sizos 1 to 0%—
$5.00 and $5.50
Mnny other lines of Men's and
Boys' Footwear that are the best in
value at lower prices.        **
33-45-47-49 Hastings Street East   ,


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