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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Apr 25, 1924

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Industrial unity . strength
- v
j Permitted to Land at Halifax
to Become Crews oil Nova
Scotia Ships
(evidently an   Effort Ib   Being
Made to Defeat Chinese
Immigration Act
ADVICES state that Chinese sea-
' men have been landed at Halifax,
r. S., to man the shipB of the Domln-
^>n Goal company. They are acting
■n fhe capacity of sailors, quarter-
Tiasters, oilers, stokers, stewards and
Books. These Chinese have relieved
Jhe hardy Nova Seotlons, the latter
feeing noted for their efficiency. The
|fqva Scotia seaman belongs to a district that has written memorable
■ages and chapters in the history of
Tbarine life.
_' The Chinese landed from the
§teamer CedHc at pier 2, Halifax, di-
Jfeet from Liverpool, Eng., having arrived there last week from Canton,
I'in the Suez canal.
The   immigration   authorities   aay
ihat    the    Chinese   are    not    being
anded, -but are being placed in bond
.board    Canadian*   ships trading ln
-ahadlan waters;   that they are not
tubject to a head tax, which waa for-
nerly $500 each, but merely in bond.
Bond" ln this case would appear to
neun   that   they   are not to bc re-
eased, but are to be placed under a
bit  of customs lock and key:   and
nly released upon paying duty under
he tariff in thu usual customar'y way.
From information received at pier
,   Halifax,   from    the    immigration
,JHcials, permission to land aid place
he Chinamen on tho various ullotted
Jessels was given In a letter by the
Eeputy   minister of   immigration  at
iln 1923 tho federal government
assed the Chinese Immigration act,
hlch prohibits the landing of Chtn-
jq in any port in Canada, excepting
ancouver and Victoria, which are
ie only ports of entry from China to
anada under the foregoing act. [See
laptetr 38, seotlons 5, 6 and 7. Secon S is a "joker," for it gives the
lniater power to allow Chinese to
nd for a specified period only, but
i« time may be extended or candled.]
Canadian Labor Party
! The Canadian Labor party will hold
organizing convention at Holden
!{|ock, on Tuesday evening, March 29,
t 8 p.m. An effort Ib to be made to
o-ordinate the activities of the various organizations within the labor
nd socialist movement. We are hop.
ig that great things may materialize
nd unity among the workers may re-
ult therefrom.
Organizer, Givon Position
J A despatch says that W. S. Dobbs,
Irganlzer of the Amputation associa-
lon of Canada, has been appointed
liporlntendent of the Toronto ofllce of
^ie Employment Service of Canada.
Labor May Tako Heart Again
(London -Observer: There was
rger poll than usual in Westmln-
er, but for what purpose?, Three-
lurths of the increased poll went to
ie benefit of labor. Let there be no
istake about the main facts. If so
alism proper, is to be stemmed,
hionlsm must adopt, lock, stock and
arret, the liberal policy in domestic
pairs; and liberalism muBt'prove It
|lf as firmly resolved as unionism to
aintain the greatness of Britain and
|e existence of the empire.
fcndered Tom Richardson, Ex
M.P., by British Columbia
Members of ihe Prohibition usso-
ftion of British Columbia tendered
(farewell luncheon to Tom Richard-
ex-M. P., on the eve of his de
Irture  for England, where he will
William   Savage   moved,   and   Dr.
tilth seconded ti resolution of ap
If elation of the services rendered by
, Richardson during his stay of five
ax_ In  Britiah Columbia,  and the
lesldent and secretary were request-
to draft a letter embodying these
tin reply, Mr. Richardson stated he
\a returning to England to re-join
t ranks of the Labor party, and said
|at his experiences ln British Colum-
, would be invaluable to him in his
kure work.    He wbb glad to have
pde some small contribution to the
use of prohibition, and trusted that
i had alwaya set a higher standard
I value than mere dollars and cents.
|Mr. nnd Mrs. Richardson and their
ungest son will leave on Friday, training via the C. N. R., leaving at
fiO p.m.
The Halifax Longshoremen's asso-
[•tlon is against the daylight saving
Var never settles anything, and It
Iver will settle anything.—Mr. Lans-
Co-operation at  Present Really
Not Understood—Painfully
Learning the Theory
The New System Will Never Be
Solved While We Think in
Terms of the Old
[By John Ball]
pO-OPERATION is a word which is
^very much over-worked at present,
but which la really not understood.
We are slowly and painfully learning
tbe theory, but our technique ia still
very faulty. In fact, we are not co-
operators at all, but individualists,
who have been forced to co-operate
only through the collapse of an economic system to which most of ua expect to return some day.
There is the clue to our problem,
and if we were to follow orthodox
custom, and take a text, it would be
from the Book of Exodus. We have
escaped from the old Pharaoh of competitive Individualism. The Red sea
of capitalism has closed behind us,
and now we are wandering in the desert, a bunch of Mlcawbers, waiting
for something to turn up and be led
by a lost Moses; we keep one eye toward the Promised Land, and one
turned back to the flesh pots of Egypt
and then wonder why it is that we
travel in circles and get nowhere. We
carry the ark of the covenant in our
midst, but still flnd time to worship
the golden calf. It looks like, forty
years in the wilderness for us, and as
the supply of manna bas not materialized as yet, they will likely be extremely lean years. How many Israelites
ever reached the promised land, and
how many * of us will have sense
enough to turn our backs finally and
forever on the old Egypt of capitalism
and press boldly forward, lead by that
[-pillar of cloud by day,"and pillar of
firo by night, the vision of the "cooperative commonwealth?"
We will never solve the problems of
the new system while we still think
in terms of the old, and we will never
become real co-operators until we
have first quit wanting to be capitalists. Competitive individualism ls
dead—long live individuality in. cooperation.
At present, we are impatient wltb
the Independent grower, because he
cannot, see that our economio salvation consists In the fullest co-operation
as producers, the socialist Is probably
impatient with us, because we see no
further than the very beginning of
the movement. He realizes that we
must also co-operate as consumers,
and take over all the instruments of
social production before the new system will be on a solid foundation.
That means not only economic or-
agnizfttion, but political as well. You
cannot put new wine in old bottles,
and you cannot contain the expending
life of the pew order in the outworn
parties of a decadent past. New political groupings will rise to meet the
demand for the economic expression
of the producers, the farmer and wage
worker, and the old "parties, liberal
and conservative, will pass out. In
England, it ls the liberal party whtch
Is being eliminated, and in Britihs Columbia it will not matter much which
ono goes, as they are both alike.
The provincial party had an opportunity to champion the producers, but
was captured by reactionaries, v/ho
know aa much about working out the
problems of the new social order, as
they do about the canals in Mars, and
their career will be a short and merry
one. To imagine that a millionaire,
and a group of corporation lawyers
wlU champion the economic and financial changes which the producers will
be forced to demand before long, may
be an Interesting subject for a oulja
board, but lt Is a speculation which
doea not come within the realm of
practical politics.
We understand that some Labor
leaders are active In the Provincial
party. What they expect to accomplish we do not know; but we do know
that their political acumen Is on
par with their lack of knowledge of
what constitutes the working class
movement. - There Is a need for a Far
mer-Labor party, but there Ib no place
for the hybrid outflt which calls Itself
Provincial, and Is not even parochial.
Our work should be to perfect the or-
agnizatlon of ihe Labor party, the
only one which really knows anything
about co-operation.
5000 Facta About Canada
.The public will welcome the new
Issue of "6000 Facts about Canada1
fot 1924—that remarkable cyclopedia
of the dominion complied by Frank
Yelgh, of Toronto the well-known
Canadian writer and lecturer. Over
fifty chapters deal tersely with every
phase of the nation's progress, and is
not only a mine of valuable Information, but a stirring story of develop
ment. This Issue includes much new
matter, and contains many other im
provements. Copies' may be had at
30 cents each from the Canadian Facts
Publishing company, 588 Huron street,
Toronto, or from leading newsdealers,
[A number of business and profes-f I do not see socialism as an element^ two classes based respectively on law
sional men have recently banded
themselves together along the lines of
a Fabian society, and are having read
at their meetings some very interesting contributions dealing with the so-
ial problems that are confronting us.
The following paper was read recently by one of-their membera.—Editor.]
HPHE paper which I am privileged to
■*• submit for your consideration this
evening, la entitled "Socialism and
Religion," and I feel I may aa well at
the outset be quite candid and admit
that I have found the subject ah overwhelmingly large^one with 'which to
deal. It embraces humanity from the
dawn of its intelligence in the past, to
the limitless possibilities to which it
may reach in the future, and though
I have given the subject considerable
thought, I confess that I find it hard
to crystallize and pass on to you all
that arises from the consideration of
two such stupendous abstractions as
socialism and religion.
You may not agree with much I am
going to endeavor to say, and you may
have already many preconceived ideas
on the matter, but I want you to realize, as I did, soon after commencing
the study of my subject, that socialism is quite distinct from socialists
and religion, a thing apart from religious people. When this ia realized,
you will be able more open-mindedly
to pursue the topic in hand, and you
will bo able to consider' religion as
such, and not as it appears at the
hands of its exponents; so, too, with
socialism the idea, as distinct from
socialists, who endeavor to make it
Examining the title of the paper we
Hnd In It three possible meanings, according to the construction we place
on the word "and," English ia a very
lax language at times, and so our title
may suggest to some people "Social-
Ism as opposed to religion," "Socialism
ns an alternative to religion," or "So-
clallfm as the fulfilment or complement of religion."
But whut Is socialism? A really
clear-cut definition is hard to find, and
so I have endeavored to construct one
myself, covering the general outlines
of what the word conveys to me—I
am prepared to have fault found with
it as a definition, but I hope it ls not
altogether erroneous.        ,      ,"
Socialism, lt appears.to me, Is a
theory, or an aggregation of theories,
based upon the hypothesis that the
general welfare of humanity will be
achieved both by the development of
the existing syatem of individual effort and individual enterprlae, now
undertaken solely for individual gain,
Into a scheme of co-operative effort
and co-operative enterprise for community beneflt, and simultaneously by,]
the adaptation to the working out of
the new scheme of all that is really
beneficial and efficient In the old.
The Workers Throughout Drumheller Valley Holding
Joint Celebration
Walter Rollo, who waB Labor minister in the late Drury government of
Ontario, now holds the ofllce of school
attendance officer Tor the city of Hamilton.
Grand   Parade—Field   Sports-
Several Speeches—Dance
in Evening
[Prom Our Own Correspondent!
r)RU,MHELLER, Alta., April 24.—
Throughout the Drumheller valley, the first of May will be i*
day of celebration, the miners, rait
road men and various other labor organizations, including the Women's
Labor league, taking part in the festivities. This being the flrst attempt
of the workers of the valley to stage
a celebration of this kind; and, also
the further fact, that the miners are
engaged tn a struggle for a decent
standard of living, the various organizations interested and the people at
large are showing great enthusiasm
In the work by helping to make tho
affair an outstanding euccess. A
pleasing) feature Is the earnest cooperation of the business men of the
district, who have generously contributed to the list of prizes for the
various events. Ih fact, tt ls they
who have donated most of the prizes,
nearly all being good and substantial.
The day will commence with all organisations mustering ai the Miners'
hall early In*the morning, and with
the band at the head of the parade,
they will march through the town,
taking tn the suburbs, and Anally
march to the Elgin field. Arriving
there, a lengthy programme of sports
will be carried out, there being no less
than twenty-flve different events.
After the sporta are concluded, the
crowd will be addressed by several
speakers, who will apeak on the induatrlal and political situation
throughout the dominion. At the finish of the sporta and addresses, the
day will be concluded with a dance in
the Miners' hall, which will be decorated suitable to the day. With so
much activity and enthusiasm beinjt
shown, Drumhcller's first May day
celebration promises to be a great
success, and will oe ihe forerunner of
such affairs in this district.
of destruction, but rather one of
greater fulfilment. So I believe It to
be a normal ahd what Ib more an inevitable process, part of the scheme]
of unfolding which goes on throughout the universe, termed often the law
of evolution; and I believe the part of
the true socialist in the working out
of socialism ls to facilitate and accurate, while at all times to beware of
any action which will -he retrograde
rather than progressive.
Socialism demands altruism ahd
idealism, patience, sympathy and a
complete confidence that the goal-is
certain of ultimate success.
Such is socialism in the abstract, as
I see ft, and, I believe, the putting of
socialism into action along such lines
is not merely'a pleasing idea to be
dallied with, but a duty each of us
owes to that humanity among whom
Ave, are allowed to spend this mortal
flection of our existence.
One thing more, socialism has been
termed a criticism of society aB it exists, and this is undoubtedly true, but
let us remember that criticism is not
merely fault-finding—it is far more
than that—it is a balanced Judgment,
and a valuation. With regard to valuation, let It be kept in mind that value
is of two kinds, Intrinsic and real.
The former exists always, the latter
Is relative to conditions of the moment. So in taking a valuation of
existing society, let us differentiate
botwoen what is intrinsic and what is
real in it. Prom the former let us
evolve stable principles and upon
these principles let us erect a permanent fabric.
Now, turning to religion, on analysis we find that it Is tho recognition
by humanity of a power outside of
itself, a supreme being, a personal
God. This recognition appears to
arise In man without any volition on
his part; it Is an intuition, and an instinct. The form of this recognition,
whether as reverence, ..Or love, or a
desire tb serve, is dependent upon the
experience and knowledge of the individual.- The conception which follows the recognition, varies also according to different mental standards,
and finally the attempted expression
of the conception ls strong or weak,
according to the gift for the conveyance ot^uw**«lwl»tttt*t.ftteae which
the individual concerned may poaaeas.
The attempts at expression result
in dogmas, but these can never be
more than sign-posts pointing the way,
a way which cannot be more than
foreseen, and not known until travelled.
It is Interesting to noto the trend of
thought through superstition and unreasoning credulity in one direction,
and through the veneration of the
cultured and scientifically trained
mined ln the other, through the totems, fetich and taboos of the savage,
primitive mind, onc way, and through
the keen realization and recognition
of a supreme control in the other, to
a reasoning acquiescence to fundamental laws which become apparent
to all who study with an open mind
the myriad wonders of the universe.
To express and explain the supreme
control, ts as impossible for a human
being, limited to this universe, as it
would be for the unhatched caterpillar
in Its egg to foresee and explain itself in its later role of a butterfly.
Now, mankind commencing with
the abstract idea of a supreme control, endeavors to formulate a system,
and lt is in the variety of these endeavors that we find the resultant diverse beliefs and systems of today. It
is safe to say that the aim of all is
identical, though it Ih very clear that
the methoda of achieving them are
very varied.
In building up this system the motives have undoubtedly been for tho
best and It is the failure of humanity
to materialize In n satisfactory man
ner the abstract Ideas which create
religion, and not thc failure of religion itself which gives the critic of
religion material for discussion. With
regard to the dogmas or different re
liglons It Has already been said that
they merely point out the direction.
The trouble too often Ilea ln time
being spent debating the dogmas
rather than following the road along
which they point. So too, In the acts
of self-discipline, in the general conduct and In the ritual of religions
there Is the danger of practicing
them more ln the letter than in spirit.
Again religions may be divided Into
and redemption, and ln every religion there are'the laws of "thou shalt"
and "thou shalt not" and in addition
a general scheme of pains and penalties for "sins of commission and
omission." On examination one finds
that the positive lawB are beneficial
and the negative are preventative,
while the pains and the penalties are
little more than what might be otherwise termed cause and effect. With
regard to redemption, the Idea behind
the word is the buying back, or release from bondage, in one sense release, from the bondage of realties to
the freedom of Ideals, and In the
other sense release, to acquire the
state of mind whereby the individual
may raise his own standard aho! so
cease ta be a slave of circumstances,
and then by example influence others
and assist In raising theirs.
There Is also religion of speculative or passive type and religion of
constructive, active type, both of
.which are equally useful In the development of men's higher powers,
just so long as they are practised
within reasonable bounds.
There Is one religion of all which
for simplicity cannot be excelled. It
combines the speculation of the high
Ideal with the activity of practical
conduct, and it fs essentially positive
rather than negative. It waa founded
1924 years ago, but the main ideas
for which it stood have been more or
less lost sight of under a mass of
would-be Improvements, chiefly superimposed by zealoUB men who overlooked the fact that a religion's
strength lies In its spiritual and not
In Its temporal or material force, and
that its practice Is more essential
than its precepts.
This religion makes the concern of
one's neighbor equivalent with one's
own, and points out very clearly that
the service of God and Mammon arc
I hopo without going further itjnay
be clear that there cannot be any
Justification for thinking that Socialism is opposed to religion. V also
hope that it may appear that to consider them as alternatives Is to leave
each Incomplete, and so in conclusion
I would ask you to consider that
Socialism and Religion are mutually
complementary, that what the one
may lack the other supplies; that
religions cannot sympathize and cooperate with socialism are deficient;
and that socialism that thinks it can
pursue ita way to success without re
llgfon is handicapped as a blind man
bereft of the light.
I apologize for the- sketchy manner
in which this paper has finally reached you, but the chelf difficulty has
been to decide what not to say and
in the pruning I am afraid the tree
may have suffered, but I must leave
lt at that.
Labor  Candidate Nominated to
Contest Burnaby Biding by
Federated Labor Party
Burnaby—Frank Browne, Burnaby
municipal accountant, was nominated
as the Labor candidate to contest the
Burnaby riding at thc coming provln
clal elections, at an enthusiastic meet
Ing of tho Burnaby Federated Labor
party Tuesday night. Mr. Browne
was formerly president of the New
Westminster Trades and Labor council, and campaign manager for tho
Labor party in Burnaby.
J. A. Jenkins, J. Holmes nnd Mrs.
England were elected delogatcs to thc
Canadlnn Labor party convention.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers,
'Charter" to Be Submitted to
Tradea Union Congress at
Hull, England
Do Teachers  Hate Their
Jobs and Children
<_ School?
What Macdonald Administration
Has Accomplished iii Space
" of Six Weeks
Changes in Social, Economic and
Political System of
Qreat Britain
'pHE   following  "charter"   fs  to   be
submitted    for   adoption   at   the
Trades Union congresB at Hull, England, next September:
The Trades Union congress, as representing the organized workers of
Great Brituin, stands Tor the following changes ln our social, economic
and political syatem:
1. Nationalization  of land,
2. Nationalization of railways.
3. Nationalization of minos and
4. Hours of labor: a legal maximum working week of 44 hours.
fi. Legal minimum wage for each
industry or occupation.
fl. Tensions for nil at the nge of
flO yearB.
7. Pensions for mothers with dependent children.
8. Adequate provision for unemployment, with proper maintenance of
the unemployed.
0. Establishment of training centres for unemployed glrla and boys,
with extension of training of facilities
for adults during periods of depression,
10. Provision of propor houalng
11. Improved facilities to bo provided by the Btate from elementary
schools to universities.
12. The extension of stato and
municipal employment f-r.r tho purpose of promoting social necessities
and service.
No single Item of the charter Is new.
All have been Included In the great
mass of resolutions that the congress
passes every yoar, but thoy are hero
brought togothor for the flrst time ns
a statement of ultimate aim. The object, It has been explained, Is to "coordinate trado union opinion on definite economic and social chnnges for
which the movement stands."
I believe ln final and complete disarmament, oven In tho midst of an
armed world.—W. H. Ayles.
Houra Spent on Subjects of No
Use When Sohool tyys
Are Over
[By Frances Wills]
T AST WEEK we made bold to dls-;
agree entirely .with most modern
education on the grounds that ft Is
the tool of the capltaliat system,- or
where this is not the case, .of some
religious sect; that It does .not make
for self-development because it, is
repressive; that It Is wasteful and
often harmful; that in short, lt.j^
nniTow prejudiced tyranny, mind slav-j
ery. the preparation fOr Wage slavery.'
Many years must pass bofore these
things are changed, and for obvious
reasons, ft fs impossible that :they
should be righted to any appreciable
extent under capitalist sway. Nevertheless, It Is well to bear in mind
what might be, what should be;
thinking on the part of the public
may lead to some definite discontent
which may give rise to some constructive agitation, for as has been
hinted before, more power lies in the
hands of the people than thoy imagine, it is not possiblo to go into any
great detail In the columns of a newspaper; only broad principles can be
Those. responsible for education
must change t,helr viewpoint nnd regard It from the children's standpoint ruther than their own. There
should be no wish to mould character; such a wish, to say tho least ol"
it, Is the height of presumption. The
chief aim should be to givo 1,M scopu
for Individual development rather
than tbe turning out of all one pattern whose aim is worldly success,
wealth and position and the maintenance of the present order.
But If more complete development
is desired, if tho present syste n is
to be overthrown, children must .irst
be trained to think for the in d<< Ives
and It must be borne in mind that
normal average children are being
considered). Mental adventure, not
mental stagnation, must be the rule,
and the hero of future dnys will bc
he or she who can contempla'to all
subjects; who Is not afraid of tho
heightB and depths of thought; who
can perceive all sides of a quostion
who does not shirk the mental strife
that may possibly lead to a change of
opinion. This can only be attained
If controversial subjects like history
and religion are treated from an international or universal point of view.
Debates on all subjects arc excellent
in school, particularly if the teacher's
aim is not to secure the vote for one
side, but open-minded discussion and
broad-minded tolerance. With regard
to the subjects taught; reading is
absolutely necessary because It is the
key to so much knowledge. Childron
must be led to desire to read. Luckily, nearly ull children love stories,
but a teacher or parent cannot satisfy this longing to tho full, hence (i
child must .wish to road for himself.
Letters and phonies cnn be mnstered
by thu play-method and there need
bo no miserable drudgery in any
stages. Later on, teachers net merely
as u help. Books should br attractive, and for some yenrs, eoloied pictures nre an added nnd nccossary jn
dueement. Hut the ordinary.' readers
and the typical school reading lesson
fs an abomination. It ofton consists
of 'lending round' a few linos; hear-
ing explanations and then grinding nt
spelling. Yet all children who nre
fond of reading (or Its own sake acquire unconsciously a good vocabulary and correct spelling and very
often, some power In composition.
Love nf rending is absolutely necessary from tho utilitarian point of view,
while literature as such Js n religion
of beauty and truth, n never-falling
source of Joy.
Other subjects liko thc sciences and
geography cnn first be introduced ns
stories such as are found In most
children's magazines. Children soon
discover some special liken (and dislikes). The former nre often a sign
of specinl aptitude which can bc fostered by access to a well-stocked
library nnd a specialist teacher's aid.
Nature walks inculcate curiosity
and love of beauty far more thnn cut
and dried lessons on nature, thc natural orders of plants and animals,
which facts can ho crammed later if
an examination is the only aim of
adolescent life.
Lovo of art can be developed by allowing reat freedom In many forms
of expression and hy skilled help;
by nrtlstlcally-decorated rooms and
good pictures. Music can be made a
Joy and an Inspiration ns it Is ln many
schools today by hearing thc best
music of nil types and by pleasure-
able singing lossons.
But children's Inclinations differ
Just as do adults; so Just as the lattor
hnve freedom so children should have
freedom. Tho golden rulo should be
to lot children pursue the knowledge
thoy want to pursue. Subjects forced
on children ngninst thoir Inclination,
or to which they nro mildly indifferent, menu timo wasted and often
(Continued on pnge 2)
Prestige of  Great  Jfcitain Has
Been Re-estebliihecl, Through-
out Worid   ■'
■fFrom'^ew Leader]
1. The prestige of Great Britain
has been re-established throughout
the world nnd'u new atmosphere has
■Weeh created-hifordfgrf affairs, making for a settlement ofEiitope. This
will restore-British-trade.-
2. ■* The Russian government has
been recognized.. ./Thta js an essential
preliminary t,o,. developed trade.
3. A bouHJug .•.chetflCj is. being actively prepared, in' conjunction with
the building industry, by which houses
will bc made "available at reasonable
rents. ;
v. f /.
Support'''hfes:b6*Bn given to the
rent restriction bill, extending the
period of„re*itricliop.tto.rth^,yjeftr 11*28
nnd safeguarding the rights of tenants.
5. ■ Tho 'Tradfe1' Facilities act has
been extended ■with a view to stimulating .rade and employment, as an
alternative to an indefinite continuance of "dolefl."     ..*..>   ..
(!. Plans are being developed in
connection with .the various departments of slate to provide work for
the unemployed.
The "gaps" in the payment of
unemployment benefit have been abolished.
8. The regulations restricting the
grant of uncovenanted benefit to sln-
;le persons hnve been abolished.
9. The inoperative Poplar order
has been rescinded and an -undertaking given to reform the Poor Law
10. A definite undertaking has
been given to Introduce a measure for
a general 48-hour working week.
11. A definite undertaking has beon
given to abolish the means limit for
old ago Pensioners.
12. Ex-aervlce men in asylums have
been removed from poor law control.
18, A definite undertaking has
been given to reduce the sizes of
classes In schools, to extend opportunities for higher education, and to
abolish limitation of expenditure on
meals for necessiimis children, thus
giving the children n. fairer chnnce.
Labor is not ecomini..iijg at the-expense of the children.
14. A definite undertaking hns
beon given to pass a mensure providing mothers' pensions, as soon us
funds are available.
ifi. Agriculture is being considered
as a problem of the first national importance, and, as a flrst stop, a credit
scheme has been announced to encourage scientific co-operation.
16. A commission is being set up to
inquire into the whole problem of tho
national debt.
A Wiso Old Writ is said that John D. Rockefeller,
the multi-nilMionaire, when questioned ubout ft war loan from America to
tho entente allies, (September, 1915),
quoted In  reply the following:
A wi     oil owl lived In nn oak;
Ttu more he saw tho lew lie spoke;
The less he ipok-f the more he hoard!
Whv can't  wo all be like that bird?
"Patriotism nnd progress* ore the
watchword _.,;■ tl;< future."—Lloyd
Oeorge. Wc would recommend to our
readers thnt they follow n policy of
Wi tchful waiting.
Interesting Programme and Addresses—Some 26 New Members Join Party
Edmonds—On Thursday evening of
last week, a most pleasant ovening
was spent by memberB of thc Federated Labor pnrty nnd their friends at
Foresters hall, Edmonds. A most interesting programme was provided by
the McKay branch of the Federated .
Labor party. Comrade Tom Richardson gave a short but interesting talk
on the need for organbcaloln and education In our efforts to build up the
labor movement to the position that
it should hold In the life of the community. Comrade M, Sorley spoke of
the need for local organization, and
urged everyone to Join In the formation of a local branch in this district.
Dr. Lyle Telford addressed the meeting on the nood of care in the selection of our labor candidates, urging
that mon with unquestioned integrity
and honesty wore necessary to lead
the movement nt this time. Approximately twenty-flve members Joined the
party at this meeting.
Point <in*y Furnilts
Ton houses, value |41,300, woro issued permits on Tuesday. Since April
1st, Point drey permits amount to
A Wlnnipog despatch says that tho
wage dispute of the malntenance-of-
wny men employed on the Canadian
National railways, hns been settled. PAGE TWO
sixteenth year. No. it BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b.c.
FRIDAY April 25,  192
British Columbia Federationist j J|$*
Published every Friday by
The   British   Columbia   Federatlonist
Business and Editorial Office, 1189 Howe St.
Tlio policy of Tho B. G\ 'Federationist la
controlled by tlio editorial board of tlio Federate d_Jjabor_l*arJy_j>f_lJri^^
Subscription Rate;: United Slates and' Foroign, f3.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per
year, $1.50 for six months; to Unions subscribing in a body, 16c per momber por
..April   25,   1924
THE following extract appeared In
the Vancouver Province In connection with a recent political meeting at Penticton: "Claiming that the
only way in which the province could
get away from tbe heavy burden ol
taxation was to completely wreck
both the 'old machines' which had
been running the government, H,
Bell-Irving said that there had been
a decline in tho class of representatives aent to Viotorla."
We have vague recollections of
hearing similar sentiments in the vicinity of Cordova Street, but the urge
to "wreck" has hitherto met with
severe disapproval. Are the times
changing? **
Perhaps the speaker did not actually say "wreck," he might have
merely remarked, "Can the poor
THERE has been some little discussion recently regarding the use
of the lash on certain criminals.
Crime, it ls admitted by all, Is all too
prevalent. To remove it from the
face of the earth is the earnest desire
of every normal man and woman, It
Is of vital moment, however, that a
thorough knowledge of thc cause of
crime should be present In the minds
of all those who have tbe task of
treating criminals in their keeping.
Today, little or no effort is made, by
the so-called guardians of public
safety tu study these causes. There
are two primitive instincts present
in every Wiving thing. They arc first,
the "instinct of self preservation,
and second, "race-preservation." We
would respectfully ask of those who
have to deal wilh so-called criminals
If they have evor tried to (ind out
just how much of the crime that is
prevalent today, is duo to the inability
these men or women to fulfil these
primitive inatfnets, owing to our present form of capitalist society? Even
among some of our clergymen it
would, we feel, not be out of place
to give a little thought in this connection.
THE fact that there should be a
parliamentary debate on the abolition of capital punishment is regarded by some' newspapers as a huge
joke and more especially because this
subject has been so often discussed
durng the last 25 years. As usual, we
feel inclined to take the opposite
view and not altogether out of sheet
cussed ness and contrariness, and we
even venture to soy why even at the
risk of being another huge joke, for
oven amongst high school children
the subject Is worn threadbare.
We are told that there are grave.
reasons against abolition capital punishment and these have weighed an
heavily and have been so reasonable
that the great dominion has decided
to carry on oh usual.
First, we are told that the prospect
of execution deters murder Just aa
the fear of other punishments deters
crime. Doea It? Do men stop to
weigh consequences, in momenta of
he.it and passion? Did the cruel penal
lows of medl.X'Val England—nay even
VOtOt'ian England, act its. deterrantsV
We think not, for tbo root of the mat-
tor was not touched, ami crime went
pn because under existing condition?
it was inevitable;
('rime went on even though the
punishment was onl of all proportion,
nnd a mnn might bo hanged for stealing a trifle.
Secondly, we uie told, Justice must
be carried out. In .view of the fact
that Justice Is never delayed, denied
or sold—never, never, a life muat lie
forfeited for a .Ufe,, la ken. In other
words, Justice .must have her revenge,
which is fn the, case oi capital punishment, Is judicial murder.
- And thirdly, wc are told" that the
terrible punishment is humanly carried out, because tho law is so tender
and merciful,, Again, we beg ltn
.pardon, but find mirselvoa (forced to
differ. For, Uip.ugh the horrors of
execution rarely, leak put, they exist
nevertheless. ■ Home months ago,
there was -a. -jtMirnalistis leak; the
editor must have-been sleepy—and we
learnt with horror that death Is not
always instahlaneoiis. Il Is Incredulous that we can be so barbarous.
Lastly, we are told that Canada
must follow Britain's example. Poor
sheep. Howover, wo feel confident
that the example will be a good onc
before long, Tor Biireiy the Labor
Party In Britain is not in favor uC this
ghastly way of dealing wltb menial of
moral defection, whether temporary
or otherwise. Just as the duys arc
over whon lunatics woro regarded as
criminal and treated as such, so lho
days of civlllz-ed capital punishment
must pans.
Criminals must be treated as for a
d not punished. They are
fotims of society, for crime ia
largely"' the .. result of unfortunate
heredity and environment nnw to
wliich human nature re-acts as a
plant to air and sunshine or the lack
thereof. Nor must we forget that to
a large extent, governments and
rulers are responsible for these h_
faulty education, false ideals nnd ambitions and not least, by war. A great
deal of mental eyewash is required
before the majority of people can soe
that war Is murder on a large scale,
but because It Is wholesale and bears
lhe sanction of a government, it is
honored and glorified. But let a rebCi
people or an insignificant individual
be guilty of murder though the provocation be greater than that which
caused the last war, no condemnation
can be too great. We aro told tbat
Christianity Is on the wane. We prefer to say that it has not yet reached
Its zenith; Its teachings have not yet
boen realized, for the Old Testament
law still predominates.
All things considered, It is a won-]
der that there is not more crime than
there ia. In some countries there has
been a marked increase aince the war
and as a reault of the war. Naturally
the business of killing nnd wounding
must leave a mark on the souls of
men a terrible and ineradicable impression, and it must change aome
aspects of the individual nature.
There must be innumerable instances
where war has brutalized and hardened a man's nature, and implanted
a carelessness and callousness in regard to all living thlnga. And after
all, the greatest sin is anything
which shortens life or renders it
It is a pity, If with all our science,
we cannot devise some means of
treating criminals other than by capital punishment or a living death in
prison. The fact la that science does
not predominate our lives sufficiently;
rather we are ruled by tradition and
prejudice. So we treat our crlmluals
much as a harsh parent or teacher
treats the unruly youngsters; ami our
methods are brutish and futile. But
fortunatetly, civilization can atill produce people who are Christ-like
enough to believe in the goodness of
human nature; people who reclaim
and cure unfortunate childron and
adults by giving them some hope in
themselves, chances of true froodom
and self-development and of course,
Until such time aa we can 'put ourselves in the other fellow's place,'
and descend from our pedestal of
respectability and selfcontent; until
such lime as we can have faith In
human nature, our treatment of crlm
Inals and particularly our system ot
capital punishment will remain a blot
upon our boasted civilization and a
relic of bygone and cruel times
masked In the farce of what fs present day justice.
UNDER the above name there is to
appear today, we understand, a
labor publication. We wish It
well, Labor today cannot have too
muoh publicity of the right kind.
There Are thousands upon thousands
of people today in this provinco who
have but u very faint jdea of what
labor really stands for. If they knew,
they would oftime.s be lbe best friends
Labor eould possibly have, lt is our
duty to educate thom along our lines
f thought and endeavor and to do
that work  honestly and sincerely,
We wouid say here, as wo would
say lo the various constituents when
they are about to choose n candidate,
In selecting those who are to direct
the policy for which Labor stands,
see to It that those men or women, an
the case may be, are Imbued with
high principles and ideals; that they
ha.ve fn the past stood on tho side of
the workers as against self-Into rest,
aud worked consistently and persistently inwards the ideal I'or which wo
striving. If these principles
are adhered to by those who have the
destiny of this publication In their
keeping, then the Labor Statesman
ill  have lta future assured;    If not,
is doomed to he a dismal failure.
ON   the
the eve of the last provincial
lon the Hon. J. W. de B.
Farris was addressing an enthusiastic
idienco in the Hotol Vancouver.
They listened spellbound as he drew
graphic word picture of Vancouver's
evening sky lurid with lhe glaze of
■blast■furnaces. He said: "In a short
timo, possibly within six months, several thousand men would be employed, and every citizen would ahnre
the general prosperity."' Did It
go up In smoke or was it. only a pipe
dream? What will tbe liberal hook
be baited with next time?
The front bench do not nttend the
prayers of the house though they need
thom more than anybody elso.—Ben
Idealism Is the root of all genuine
and constructive reform, and without
It there can bo no progress.—Canon
Anti-War Day, 1924
Labor and the Poets
I By Frances Wills]
T ONGFELLOW is a good example of
■*-* the type of thought .which must
dominate the world before anything
like ideal conditions can be obtained,
or before we can realize what exactly
constitutes ideal conditions.
Longfellow is also a good example
of the literary products this aide of
thc Atlantic and a repudiation of the
exaggerated respect paid to those of
the mother country.
He was a native of Portland, Maine,
and descended from both Puritan and
Cavalier stock; hence, perhaps the
catholicity of his cultuer. He describes his birthplace and Incidents of
childhood and youth In "The Prelude,"
"The Ropewalk," and "My Lost
Longfellow's education was of a liberal type and at the early age of 19,
he was appointed to the chair of modern languages at Bowdoln college,
with Instructions to spend three years
ln Kin-ope, fitting himself for the taak.
He accordingly visited France, Italy,
Oermany and Spain acquiring a knowledge of the language and literature
of each. In a subsequent visit, he;
studied the Scandinavian and Dutch
languages. He also made the acquaintance of various learned folks
and literary lights, and during ahort
visits to London/he met Carlyle and
Thus he was in a position to understand language and literature in a
comparative senae, and iWtceive the
underlying principles common to aU.
The poet's career was very successful, both aa regards his professorship
at Bowdoln and later at Harvard, and
as regards his poetry. He enjoyed
public esteem such ns few poets receive In their lifetime. He wan also
particularly fortunate in his domestic
life, and he Is looked upon as the poet
of domesticity and childhood.
But throughout his career, we flnd
evidences of* a conflict between his
poetry and his profession. In the end
he was able lo devote his whole time
and energy to the work he loved, and
It is oa a poet that he is famous. He
had no easy-going conception of lhe
poet's taski In "Prometheus—or the
Poet's Forethought," he recalls the
old Greek myth of Prometheus the
mortal who stole tli» sacred flre from
heaven lo benefit mankind, and for
which he was doomed to eternal punishment on the Caucasian crags in
sight of the ever-hovering vultures.
All   this,   he  says,   ia   but  a  symbol
what enlightened lalior insists on.   He
goes on:
The warrior's name would be a name
And every nation   that should lift
lis hand against a brother, on its forehead
Would wear for evermore the curse of
Cain.   . .
And elsewhere he writes:
Let our unceasing, earnest prayer,
Be for light, for strength, to bear
Our portion of the weight of care,
That crushes into dumb despajr
.    One-half the human  race.
And finally, no study of LongfeU
low's works would be complete without mentfon of "A Psalm of Life." It
is his ereetj and our encouragement;
System Is Wrong
(Continued from page 1)
we would all do well to underline cer
tain verses thereof:
In the world's broad Held of battle,
In the bivouac of life.
Be  not  like  dumb,  driven  cattle,
Be a hero In the strife.
Lives of great men all remind us
We can make our lives sublime
And departing, leave belli nd  us,
Footprints in tlie sands of time.
Footprints that perhaps another
Sailing o'er life's solemn main,
A forlorn and shipwrecked brother,
Seeing, ahall tuke heart again.
Let us thea, be up and doing,
"With a heart for any .fate,
Still achieving, still pursuing.
Learn to labor and to wait.
painted, of the poet, prophet soer, In
whose worda among the nations, ihe
Promethean flre is burning:
Shall it then be unavailing,
All this toil for human culture?
Through   the   cloud-rack   dark   and
Must they see above them sailing.
O'er life's barren crags the vulture?
Yet all bards whoae hearts unblighted,
Honor and believe" the preaage,
Hold aloft their toches lighted
Gleaming   through   the   realms   benighted.
As ihey onward bear the massage.
Such  was Longfellow's ideal.     In
another poem, he recalls the "painful ateps and slow" toward Its attainment.    In the "Lad i.1   ' * St. Augustine," he says:
We have not winga, we cannot soar;
But we have feet to scale and climb
By slow degrees, by more nnd more
The cloudy summits of our time.
It was surely some consolation as
neared old age to know that he had
brightened dark lives, strengthened
Impulses for good, and helped to beautify the world. As regards the flrst,
if writers like the author of "Uncle
Tom's Cabin" did anything to Influence public opinion in the direction
of abolition of the slave tt'ade, thon
surely Longfellow did his share.    He
;ed nbolfllon by appealing to human pity in poems such as "The
Slave's Dream," and "The Witnesses,"
and many others.
Like Wordsworth, Longfellow had
a keen appreciation of nature for Its
own sake. We see this fn "Hiawatha,"
The Golden Legend," and in shorter
poems, especially such gems na "Musings," "Hymn to the Night," "The
Light of Stars." The soa Is hir special
inspiration; it is full of wonder and
mystery to him. In "The- Secret of
the Seas," be says:
My soul  is full of .longing
For the secret of the sea,
And the heart of the great ocean
Semis a thrilling pulse through me,
Perhaps the moat popular of the
poet's shorter pieces are his ballads.
Such are "The Wreck of the Hesper-
ub„" "The Village Blacksmith" and
"The River Charles."' There Is a most
delightful lilt about these which be-
longa to tbo ballads of long ago before  poems were ever written.
So much for the poems;'the man
himself is equally worthy of, our regard, and one of his finest qualities ls
his love of all life, the birds and animals no loss than mankind. As an Illustration of this: One day he visited
the abaonal at Springfield, and ' a
chance remark of his wife caused him
to voice his anti-war poem, Just aa
elsewhere we see him pleading for lho
birds, only in tho "Arsenal at Springfield," there Is something more in-
tonae. His wife had compared tlie
stneks of guns to organ pipes and he
Ah, what a sound will rise, how wild
and dreary.
When tbe doaih-angcl touches those
(swift keys
What loud lament and dismal Miserere
Will mingle wilh their awful symphonies.
Wore   half  lhe   power   that   fills   Iho
world with terror
Wcro   half   the   wealth   bestowed   on
camps and  courts,
Given   to   redeem   the   human   mind
from error,
Theie  wore  no need   of arsenals,  or
The last verse Is lhe embodiment of
Book Reviews
[By Laura E. Jamieson]
Several books lately read at random have had a distinct continuity of
theme—the theme of "Courage." The
first was J. M. Barrie'a thin little volume by that name. It can be read in
half an hour. It probably took Barrle
slightly longer to deliver It as his rectorial address at St. Andrew's university last May.
Barrle usually writes as If he lived
entirely in the world of the imagination. But this time he faces realities
and speaks of real life to these young
men o\' St. Andrews, and to all the
world that reads his litle book.
He quotes from a letter written to
him'by Captain Scott, when that Intre-
pli' explorer and bis comrades were
lying in their tent with feet frozen, no
fuel and far from food. "It would do
your heart good to be in our tent,
and hear our songs and cheery conversation. We are very near the end."
Later, in quoting Nansen, Barrle remarks, "I like well to be in the company of expforers." .
But what he urges most Is that
moral bravefy whicb youth must have
in demanding n partnership with middle age in the affairs of life and of
the nation. "My own theme ia Courage, as you should trie it in the great
fight that se^ms to me to be coming
between youth and their betters; by
youth, meaning, of course, you, and
by your betters us, .
I want you to take up this position;
that youth have for too long left exclusively In our hands the decisions ln
national matters thnt are more Vital
to them than to ua.
Things about the next war, for instance, nnd'why lhe last one had a!
beginning. ... By the time the i
next eruption comes, it may be you'
who are responalble for It, and your
sons who are in the lava, nil, perhaps,
becauae thia year you let things slide.
. 7 . We are a nice and kindly people, but it Is already evident that we
are stealing back into the old groves,
seeking cushions for our old bones,
rnther than attempting to build up a
fairer future. Make hasto, or you*will
become like us. . . . We have no
intention of giving you your ahare.
Look around and see how much share
Youth has now that the war ia over.
You got a handsome aharo while it
I expect we shall beat you; unless
your fortitude be doubly girded by
the desire to send a massage of cheer
to your brothers who fell, the only
message, T believe, for which they
crave. They want to know If you
have learned wisely from what befell
them; if you have they will be braced
In the feoling that they did not die in
vnin. Some of them think they did.
Where they are now, hero Is, I think,
a very little word.    They call to you
greater diglike. Of course, the conservative element among parents and
teachers will scoff at this, and say Jt
fs impracticable. And they will be
quite right. Freedom for children
would absolutely upset our present
system. And, of course, freedom is
always impracticable under a capltaliat system. There are not many free
adults; it 4a Impossible that children
should taste freedom and enter captivity as adults.
So much for the subjects; now for
the methods to be employed. Aa was
remarked last week, coercion of any
aort is morally bad, and strict discipline tends to repression with consequent outbursts nnd extravagances.
The question of obedience la reduced
to a minimum where there is freedom,
nnd attention Is purely spontaneous
when It follows Interest, the interest
aroused by a keen teacher, good books
and thought-provoking objects and
And lastly, children muat be treated
as kindly, reasonable beings who are
not very much unlike adults. We
must distinguish between Essentials
and non-essentials. "Good form
manners, respect, subservience are
not essentials. NelUier the parent
nor the teacher should expect that
deference typical of patriarchal tlmea,
and of the Victorian era. Rather the
spirit of good comradeship should exist between young and old.
Other motives, besides the subservient desire to please, must be eliminated. Fear of punishment and hope
of reward are unworthy stimuli; yet It
must be1 admitted that many adults
are controlled by these motives. There
must be a certain discipline within
urged on by the love of work. Love
of work is something rare under the
present system, except in the case of
artists. The result of a worthy education ls thc fulfilment of the creative
apfrlt dormant in most of us save In
the caae of the true artist who works
for the work's aake, not for the fame
or the iMiice.
Finally, if we base our judgment of
people on what they are, rather than
on what they know, then the Intellectual snobbery, the worst kind of snobbery, will be no more. Slowly nnd
painfully, we have learned thut wealth
and position are no true crftorions, so
shall we loarn that so much cram, so
mnny "scraps of paper," so many
showy qualifications are no true test
of mankind.
Education hearing In mind these
principles, will involve great expense,
for barrack-like schools, large classes,
dearth of books and equipment must
go for ever. Schools must be beautiful, teachers must be specialists, and
must only have the amount of work
they can conscientiously manage; and
thcir aim must be higher than neat
books and well-written examinations;
books, pictures, music, scientific apparatus must be unstinted. Theae
things will certainly entail enormous
expense. But not half so enormous
as tho expenae Involved by wur alone.
And war ls profitless and destructive,
but education is profitable and constructive.   It ls In fact our only hope.
A far-flung hope, admittedly, but
not Impossible if a few teachers would
realize their power as a section of the
community; if they would but recognize the fact that the things of today,
official favor, good results, etc., are as
nothing compared with the vaat responsibility, the far-reaching effects
Into fnr off time, of their every word
and action.
If every toacher were on the aide of
right, If every teacher were reasonably clasa-conscious, if every teacher
to find out In time thc truth about
this groat game, which your elders
play for stakes and Youth plays for
its life.
The league of nations fs a very fine
thing, but It cannot help you, because
ft will be run by us. You ought to
have a league of youth of all countries
os your beginning, ready to say to all
governments, "wo will fight each other
but only when we are sure of the
necessity." Are you equal to your
job, you young men?" Thus Barrle
on Courage.
of the golden grain
brewed into a sparkling
tonic drink at B.C.'s
model brewery.
Insist oh "Cascade" at the
Government Liquor Store and
get satisfaction,
This adve_.ti>:;ment is not published or di
played by thc Liquor Control Board or by ti,
Government of British Columbia.
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.       '
Here Are Coats
To Please You
JUST the slim, smart variation of the mode which
you most prefer is certain to be included in this
excellent collection. For thc slim coat is the order
of the day, and should have a place in your wardrobe. Kich in color, lustrous of weave, and distinctive in styling. Fabrics are soft, velvety weaves or
sturdy, modish twills and flannel finished materials.
Wc are certain you will find exactly the right model
here at from $25.00 and up.
—Drysdaie's Garment Shop, Third Floor.
576 OranviUe Street
Phone Seymour 8640
knew the things that are worth knowing, our generation would be the last
to suffer under this vile system.
Why Let George Do It
If you do not attend your union
meetings and the other fellow doeB,
why kick. He is doing the best he
can. Why complain because George'
does it.    Why not do it yourself?
'Famous' New Section Open-
Expansion Sale Continues
WE'VE givon over our old storo to
lln* contractors for refitting, and
arc now opcraling from oar new wing-
As beforc, all onr wonderful stock is
lieing sold nt i-einnrknble sale prices.
Famous »__1
DO you got the fullest use of your telophone! Of course, you ubo It to call
up a friend, or placo an order with a
tradesman, but do you alwayi think of it
when yuu need to do aomethlng personally f How many times wuutd the tolephono save you time! If a business man,
how much money would the telephono
savo yout Many trips could bo saved, tf
the telephone were used Instead.
The telephone gives direot and.prompt
communication with that personal touch
which brings both parties to a conversation close together. That is why it has
bocome one of the greatest factors of
business and soeial life.
HAVE yoa evor liad a real drink
of Pure Apple Cider during tbe
last few years? —
To meet the desires of many clients,
we have introduced recently a pure clear
sparkling apple cider In pint bottles,
either pure aweet or government regulation 2% hard apple elder. 'These drinks
are absolutely pore and free from all
carbonic acid gas or preservatives of
any nature. Writo or phone your order
today, Highland 90-
Cider Manufacturers
1065 Commercial Drive, Vancouver, B. 0.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-10- Metropolitan BuUdini
837 Hastings St. W. VAHOOUVEB. B. 0.
TelepboD.il Seymour 6666 and 6667
Rln* ap Phoue Seymonr MM
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Sulio   301   Dominion   Riilldlnf
1160 Oeorgia Street
Snnday services, 11 a.m and 7:30 p.mi
Sunday itchool immediately following!
morning service. Wednesday testimonial!
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading room.-f
001-903 Birks Bldg.
B. F. Harrison
Theae Falnnona *■ ™
Cigar Store
The Oliver Roomj
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
"A Oood Place to Eut"
■TJHE UNION BANK OF CANADA, with its chain
.1 of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking care
of thc banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad.
Established 00 Years
"Diogenes" of the Vancouver Daily Provinoe
Prioe, Oloth $1.50; Paper, fl.00 PRIDAY... April  25,  1924
My Crowns and
Bridgework are
Hygienic—my methods are safe, thorough and up-
to-date. My skillful, beautiful, efficient work results from much study and experience. I back up
everything I do by my 15-year guarantee in
Call for my new low estimate.   No obligation
whatever to take treatment
Dr. Brett Anderson
The Fabian Society
(Continued from last week)
Formerly Member of the Faculty of the College of
Dentistry,   University  of  Southern  California;   lee*
turer on Crown and Bridgework;  4etnotiitrator on
PUtework    and    Operative    Dentistry,   Looal   and
Oeneral Anaesthesia.
Ooriitr Seymour
Bank of Non Scotia Bldg.
Hours:  B to 8
OpM Wtdnoulay Afternoons and Evenlnga
by Appointment
602 Hastings Street Wert
Phone Sey. 3881
M y       perfected
plate specialty,
admired by all.
The cost la surprisingly little.
Estimate Kilb
Ingly given.
'In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
Best $2.50
Glasses not prescribed unless absolutely necessary. Examinations
made by graduate Eyosight Specialists. Satisfaction guaranteed.
We grind our own lenses. Lenses
duplicated by mail.
Optical House
(Formerly Brown Optical House)
Be   sure  of   the   addreaa—Above
Woolworth'a Store, near
Suite 38, Davis Chambers,
Phono Say. 1071	
Communist Party in Canada
A Toronto despatch says that a decision to set up a communist party in
affiliation with the ThlVd Internationale was made last Friday by the annual convention of the Workers party
of Canada held ln that city. The convention was held behind closed doors.
Socialism   Implies   Co-operative
Control   hy   Workers   of
Machinery of Production
Socialism implies the co-operative
control by the workers^of the machinery of production; in the absence of
such control we have nothing but state
capitalism, as the post office Is at present. Socialism is the ownership by
the state (the whole community) of
all the land and materials for labor
combined with the co-operative control by the workers of such lands and
materials. So wrote James Connolly
the Irish labor leader a quarter ol' a
century ago. His comparison of the
political institutions of today may be
found in a book "The Irish Labor
Movement" in the public library, and
follows In part:
The politicnl institutions of today
ape simply the coercive forms of cap!
toilst society; they have grown up out
of ami arc baaed upon territorial di
visions of power in the hands of the'
ruling class in pust ages, and wei'e
carried over into capitalist society to
suit the needs of thc capitalist class,
when that class overthrew the dominion of its predecessors. The delegation of-the function if government
Into the hands of representatives elec1
led from certain districts, states or
territories represents no real natural
division suited to the requirements of
modern society, but Is a survival from
a time when territorial influences were
more potent than industrial influences,
and for that reason is totally unsuited
to the needs of the new social order
which must be based upon industry.
The socialist thinker, when he paints
the structural form of the new social
.order does not Imagine an industrial
system directed or ruled by a body of
men or women elected from an Indiscriminate mass of residents within
given districts, said residents working
at a heterogeneous collection of
trades and industries. To give tlie rul
ing, controlling and directing of in
dustry into the hands of such a body
Vancouver Unions
Moets second Monday, in the month.   Pre*
sident, J. R, White; secretary, R. H. Neelands. P. 0. Box 00.	
319 Pendor St. Wost—Business meetings
-every   Wednesday   evening.     A.   Maclnnis,
t -chairman; E. H. Morrison, Bac.-tr._as.; Oeo.
D. Harrison, 1182 Parker Street, Vancouver,
B. C, corresponding secretary.
Any district in British Columbia desiring
Information re securing speakers or the formation of local branches, kindly communicate
. with provincial Secrotary J. Lyle Telford,
624  Birks   Bldg.,   Vancouver,   B.   C.    Tele-
l phone Seymour 1832, or Fairmont 4833.
second Thursday evory month in  Holdon
Building.   President, J. Bright well; financial
seeretary, H. A. Bowron, 920—llth Avonue
| -Fast.	
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Helpers of America, Local 194—Meetings flrst
and third Mondays in each tnonth in Holdon
Building. Presidont, P. Willis; secrotary, A.
Fraser.   Oflico hours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to &
bricklayers   or   masons   for  boiler works,
etc.,   or  marblo setters,   pbtae   Bricklayers
Union, 811 Holden Building.
and third Fridays In eaoh month, at US
Richards Street. President, David Cuthlll,
2852 Albert Street; secretary-treasurer, Oeo.
' Harrison, 1182 Parker Street.	
of    Steam  and   Oporating,   Local   882—
! Meets every Wednesday at 8 p.m., Room
806 Holden Bldg,   Preatdont, Charles Priee;
t business agent and financial secretary, F. L.
FHunt;   recording secretary, J. T. Venn.
■ President, Nell MacDunald; No. 1 Firehall;
| seeretary. 0. A, Watson. No. 8 Fireball.
i      UNION, Local 145, A. F. of. M.—Meets at
Moose Hall, Homer Street, second Sunday,
' at 18 a.m.    President, Ernest Ot Miller, 991
Nelson'Street; secrotary,  Edward Jamieson,
991 -Nelson Street; financial secretary, W. E.
'Williams,  991 NeUon  Street;   organizer,  F.
Fletcher, 991 Nelson Street.
■*     0.—Mooting nights, first Tuesday.and Srd
. Friday' of each month at headquartera, 818
', Cordova Stroet West.    President, D, Gillespie; vico-presidont, John Johnson; secretary-
treasurer, Win, Donaldson, address 818 Car
-.dova Street West.    Branoh agent's address;
Oeorge Faulkner,   57(1 Johnson  Streot, Vic*
, torin, B. 0. '	
ployees, Pioneer Division, No, 101—Meets
K. P. Hall, Eighth and Kingsway,  1st and
3rd Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m.  Pre-
, i ident,   F.   A.  Hoover.   2109   Clarke  Drive;
rocordlng secretary, F. E. Griffin,'447—6th
Ave. East.;   treasurer, A  F. Andrew;   flnan-
, clal secretary and business agent, W. H, Cottrell, 188—117th Ave. W.   OBce, owner Prior
\ and Main Streets.    Phono Fairmont 4504V
1     ATION—Meots nt 091 Nelvin Street, at 11
La.m. on the Tuesday preceding tho 1st Sun-
*day of the month.    President, E. A. Jamie-
I son, ,991 Nelsoa St.;  Secretary, 0. 11.' Williams, 991 Nelson St ;  Business Agent,   F.
Fletcher. 091 Nelson St.
dent, R. P. Pettlpleoe:   vico-presldent. J.
i M. Bryan;   seoretary-treasurer, R. H. Nee*
lands, P. 0, Box 68. Meets last Sunday of,
' each month at 2 p.m. In Holdon Building, 16
' Hastings Street East.	
UNION,   No. 413—President,   S. D. Mae-
Jonald, secretary-treasurer, J. M. Campbell,
P. 0. Box 689.    Meets last Thursday of each
ANE of the most important of these
activities was the "Lancashire campaign." Lecturers were sent from
the Fabian society into many of the
industrial centres. The, campaign was
thoroughly organized. Simultaneous
lectures were given at a dozen different centres, and continued for several
weeks. The audiences steadily increased, and ecu the lectures were well
reported, they had a far-reaching result. The effect upon working class
opinion was very marked.. "Hitherto
the socialism presented to the industrial districts of England ... to
the men who are meant when we
speak of the power and Independence
of the working classes, was revolu
ticrfary and destructive, ill-tempered
and   ungenerous . from  this
point a new movement began. It first
took the forth of local Fabian societies. They were succeeded by and
merged into branches of the Indepen
dent Labor party, which adopted
everything Fabian except its peculiar
political tactics. A few years later,
the Labor party followed, more than
Fabian in its toleration ln the matter
of opinions."
One particularly interesting chapter is entitled, "The Episode of Mr-
Wells." It tells of the effort made
by H. Q. Wells to capture the Fabian
society, and run tt according to hts
own ideas. Wells failed in his attempt, mainly because he was not familiar with platform speaking, and
could not withstand the skilled debaters of the "old gang." The author
gives him credit for stimulating the
society ln a very beneficial way; and
mentions his book "New Worlds for
Old," published while he was a mem
ber of the Fabian executive, as one of
the beat recent books on English so-
"Make socialists" had been Wells'
dictum to ihe Fabian society, "and
you will achieve socialism; there is
no other way." But the policy of the
society remained much the same despite Mr. Wells. "The work of tho
Fabian society has not been to make
socialists, but to make socialism
I  think   iv   may be said   that   the
dominant opinion in tlie society
is that great social changes can only
come (successfully) by consent
AVage slavery will disappear, as serfdom  disappeared,  not  indeed   imperceptibly,   for  the world   is  now  self-
conscious, not even so gradually  .   .
but by a change of heart of the community, by a general recognition, al
ready   half   realized,   that   whatever
makes for the more equitable distribution of wealth is good; that whatever benefits the working class benefits the nation,"
- In his final chapter on "The Lessons of Thirty Years," the author, referring to what has been accomplished
by the society, says: "Its flrst achievement, as already mentioned, was to
break tho spell of Marxism in England. Public opinion altogether failed
to recognize the greatness of Marx
during his lifetime, but every year
that passes adds strength to the conviction that the broad principles he
promulgated will guide the evolution
of society during the present century.
Mnrx demonstrated the moral bankruptcy of commercialism and formulated the demand for the communal
^chinery for the ■ transititlon (from
capitalism to socialism), or, if they
noticed it, they passed over,the omission as a negligible detail. If German socialism would not suit, English socialism had to be formulated
to. take Its place. "This has been the
life work of the Fabian society, the
working out of the application cf tbe
broad principles of socialism to the
Industrial and, political environment
of England.'*
The growth of Fabian opinion; and
'he working out of its principles in
the economic life of England progressed in a mod<. rate, but not phenomenal way, up Lo the time of thc war.
Then a* change set In. During the
last three years, changes In the direction of the control of Industry by the
community have been taking place
with increasing rapidity, and yet in so
well ordered a manner, step by step,
as to escape even the appearance of
a revolution.
The campaign for the nationalization of transportation and the mines
Is being organized on a large scale.
Sidney Webb and Sir Leo Chlozza
Money, heroes of many a Fabian campaign, are to carry the war Into Africa, by directing the education of the
upper classes ln nationalization, while
the leaders of labor will concentrate
on their own class,   /•*
No wonder that Winston Churchill
is calling tn frenzied tones for a new
party to oppose labor; Its surprising
knowledge of economics, its astuteness
ln politics, and its well-laid plans for
every step tn the control of Industry
by the community, are the greatest
menace to the privileged classes, For
each of these qualities tabor owes a
debt to the flne altruism of the Fabian society, which, with nothing to
gain for itself, but the contumely of
"respectable society," continued ity
researches and teachings In the economics of socialism.
Th» fact that the labor party is
now governing in England, justifies
the Fabian policy.of securing socialism by constitutional means, and is
an Increasing refutation df revolutionary socialism. If violence and bloodshed aro avoided in the present upheaval in the social and economic life
of Great Britain, it will be due in no
small measure to the influence of the
Fabian society during the pnst thirty
The historian does not claim this
credit for the Fabian society, but no
render of the book can fall to see these
facts In the light of present world
events. The book as it study of social-
Ism, is fascinating. It will be intensely Interesting to many former Fabians, who now-live on this side of
the Atlantic. It will be both interesting and illuminating to all who are
watching the struggle, for social and
economic freedom throughout the
world today.
By Irish Trades Union- Oongress
and Labor Party Nowise
The following declaration, of rights
by the Irish Trades Union congress
and Labor party Is certainly nowise
ambiguous.   Their demands are:       <
To secure for the -nation complete
possession of al'i the natural psyslcal-
sources of wealth of this country,.
To win for the workers of Ireland
collectively,, the ownership and control of the whole produce of their tabor.
To secure the democratic management and'control of all industries'and
services by the whole body of workers, manual and mental, engaged
therein, ln the Interest of the nation,,
and subject to the supreme authority
of the national government.
To obtain for alt adults who give
allegiance to the commonwealth, irrespective of sex, race or religious be
lief, equality of political and social
rights and opportunities.
To abolish all powers and privileges,
social and political, of Institutions and
persons, based upon property or ancestry, or not granted or confirmed
by the freely expressed wtll of the
Irish people, and to Insist that in the
making and administering of the laws,
fn the pursuit of industry and commerce, and in the education of the
young. Property must always be
subordinate to humanity, and private
gain must ever give place to the welfare of the people.
With the foregoing objects In view,
to promote the organization of the
working class industrially, socially
and politically, e. g., tn trade unions,
in co-operative societies (both of producers and consumers), and in a poll*
tfcal labor party.
You Can Buy a
Hoover Now
T______... asUStmU ullCImn
Japan and U.S.A.
[By Francis Wills]
'THE latest slogan of the States seems
to be "V. S. A. for the Yankees," ]
"God's country for God's people," "the
home of freedom and high civilization for good Americans." Truly
America is going down hill when she
talks like thot.
Of course, the war spoilt her. Before America entered the war, she was
standing on an eminence surrounded
by admiring nations. With folded
hands and a pious cast of countenance, she stood and her text was
"Bless you my children; let us love
one {mother and live al peace.
When America entered the war,
happily on thc winning side, we see a
star til ni
can pay in monthly installments of $655. This
offer is good for this month only. Every housekeeper can use a Hoover to advantage—it saves
time and labor—because it beats as it sweeps ss
it cleans. Three features at one time—something no other vacuum sweeper can do. These
are housecleaning days—let us show on one of
the rugs in your home the wonderful help a
Hoover can be to you. $4-60 cash puts it in the
home and $6.25 monthly quickly pays the
Demonstration Booth, Main Moor.
£ INCOMPOMATCD.. JW«W *n*ff 1.70 R     .   . ~
have been very incomplete. Our western snobbishness cannot exist; our
narrow, insular spirit must give place
to broader, kindlier, moro tolerant
views. Snobbishness and prejudice
only exist when Ignorance predominates; knowledge in a world-wide
sense will give us the qualities
neod. And let us remember that the
east we affect to despise, was the
source of all our knowledge; the seat
transformation; peaco lalof the oldest civilizations, the home of
changed  into n  raging  fury dealing | the first peoples, and today, there is
about will be determined- by circum*
stances, but I would like to see a discussion of the question In The Federationist.   Yours fraternally,
West Summerland   B.   C,   April   22,
1924. , ■
would  bo too utterly  foolish.    What
the socialist dees realize Is that under ownerah|p and organization of indus.
try; and it is hardly possible to ex
a socialist form of government the
administration of affairs would be in
the hands of representatives of the
various industries of the nntion; that
ihe workers in the shops and factories
will orngnize themselves Into unions
each union comprising all lhe workors In a given industry; tho said union
will democratically control the workshop life of Its own industry, electing
all foremen, etc., and regulating the
routine of labor in that industry in
subordination to the needs of society
in general,! to the needs of its allied
trades and .of the department of industry to which it belongs. That representatives elected from those various departments of industry will meet
nnd form the industrinl administration
or govornment of tho country. In
short, social democracy, as its name
implies, in the application to Industry
or to the social life of the nation, of
the fundamental principles of democracy." Socialism must proceed from
the bottom upward. Capitalist society is organized from above downward. Socialism will be administered
by experts elected from the Industries
nnd professions of lhe land; capitalist
society is governed hy territorial representatives. Administrative bodies
of socialism will approach every question armed with full experience. Capitalist governments hnve to eall In expensive experts to instruct them, with
the knowledge thnt the experts Impartiality varies'with the size of his
Patronize  Federatlonist advertisers.
Our expenses are small
and so are our profits.
Men's basketball Outing Shoes,
With suction sole   $2.85
Boys    S2.B0
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Men's Black Bib Overalls, 32 to
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Men's All Wool Cashmere Sox,
red heel and too, 10-11% 35c
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Phone, Fairmont 14
aggerate the value of this service to
humanity. But no man is great
enough to be made into a god;
man, however wise, can see far into
the future. Neither Marx nor his immediate followers recognized the real
basis of his future fame; thoy thought
he was a brilliant and original economist, and a profound student of history. His "Theory of Valfies," his
"Economic Interpretation of History,'
seemed to them tho incontestable pre
mlses whieh necessarily led to his
political conclusions. This misapprehension would not have much mattered had they allowed themselves
freedom of thought, Socialism, as
flrst preached to tlie English peoplo
by the,social democrats, was as narrow, as bigoted, as exclusive as the
strictest of Scotch religious sects.
'_Das Kapitar," volume 1, (was its
bible; and the thought and schemes
of English socialists were to be approved or condemned according as
thoy could or could not he justified
by a quoted text."
The Fabian society freed English
socialfsm from this intellectual bondage. Accepting the. great principle
that the reconstruction of society to
be worked for Is the ownership and
control of industry by the community,
the Fabians refused to regard as articles of faith either tlu? economic and
historical analyses which Marx made
tfso of or the political evolution which
he predicted.
"It wos perhaps fortuno te that
none of the Fabian leaders came
within the influence of the extraordinary personality of Karl Marx. Had
he lived a few years longer, ho might
have dominated them ns he domlna
tod his German followers
Then years would hava been wasted in
the struggle to escape. It was fortu
nale also that the Fabian society has
nover possessed onc single outstanding
leader, and has always refrained from
electing a president or permanent
chairman. There never has heen a
Fabian orthodoxy, because no one was
in a position to assert whnt the- tru>
faith was."
Freedom of I hough I was without
doubt obtained for the English socinl
ists by the Fabians, How far the
world-wide revolt against Marxian or
ihodoxy hnd its origin in England, is
another and more dlfHoult question*
But mero freedom was not enough
Something must he put In place of
Mnrx. His English followers did not
nol fee that he hnd indicated no me
thod,   nnd   devised   no   political   ma
Current Notes
The Province of recent date had
nine articles of sufficient prominence
to put them on the front page. AH
of them dealing with crimes against
proporty. It is hard to say how many
similar items were on the inside
pages. A system, if it can be called a
system, that makes so much of our
news, take on that form Is flt for nothing. Why not try a new tack? Examine society as it would be in a cooperative commonwealth, and then If
you don't want it that way just put
Oliver out and Bowsor In, or hand the
province over to tho timber brokers
for a change,
*      *'     *
The Province, per J. Butterfiold,
wonders why David Kirkwood should
want to be a menace, apropos of his
remarks that he would be a greater
menace In prison than on the floor of
the houso. . J, B. never seems altogether serious, but giving him the
beneflt of tlie doubt, will do no harm.
David Kirkwood and Ramsay Macdonald nnd millions of others see in
control of world destinies, forces that
aro plunging society deeper and
deeper Into the wntors of poverty,
anxiety, despair and death and anything that will "menace" those forees
and bring about condition ensuing
plenty, freodom from care and aliun-
dani lire is sought for by these men.
Kirkwood and Macdonald both "menace" capitalism, each after his own
ideas as to tactics,
.T. B. calls it a period "when all possible help Is needed." Let us leave ii
at that. Help to lift up humanity,
nol to rivet more chains.
Finest English Plnys Coming
Nothlpg In the way of advance mail
order business at the orpheum theatre
has ever rt^pi'oached the great preliminary demand for Sir John Martin-Harvey performance seals. Every
mail brings in a new batch of mail
orders, JB-rid the box olllce staff is staggering under tho heavy load. The
sale for the seven plays to be produced
during the actor-knlgilt's two-woek
engagornent* April 2S lo May 10, in-
elusive, has reached enormous pro-"
portions, and choice seat locat bus
will soon be at a premium, There is
bound to be a big rush for tickets
when the regular box olllce sale opens
at 10 o'clock next Thursday morning-
That Sir John made no mistake in
bringing all his largest productions to
Canada, is proven by the cnpm-lty
business thnt lias been the rule dur
Ing the entire tour, which opened in
Xew York last October. The Vand
ver engagement closes the official tc
Sir John and his company returning
direct to London from ihis olty.
Nothing Is easier than to fight tq
the Inst drop of somebody else's
blood.—Mr.  Thurtlo.
vengeance at home and abroad, and
scattering with -malignant hate those
who happened to disagree with her,
especially her own sons and daughters. What a fall was there. Ideas
about peace and goodwill were -now
regarded as washy sentiment, and
neither lu her domestic nor in her
foreign policy, has she recovered them.
Just now, she is making up her
mind to keep out the "yellow peril"
at all costs, and even the "gentleman's
agreement" with Japan, whereby that
country was to discourage emigration
Is being repudiated.
The inconsistency of these highly
civilized nations is amazing. We
would like to ask why America does
not exclude her negro population, if
color Is the objection? And why she
picks on the Japanese particularly.
And why American missionary socle-
ties dare teach Christianity which is
acknowledged to have universal in
tentions (unless tho Americans have
a revised version). Perhaps, iliou**!
these missionaries constdov thein-
selves conferring the beneflt of western civilization on these "dark, un
learned minds." In that case, wo
would endorse those
wretches who declare that the missionary precedes the trader; that "salvation for all" (what ever that may
mean) is not the chief aim, but power
and the almighty dollar,
We Imve not hoard of any official ] fiirm
declaration which would uock. to exclude the English-speaking pcoji
from, say. India. Africa or the far enst
nor any official objection lo tho natives being exploited, as in India, nor
to mpnoy-mnking elsewhere No
doubt these races recognize their inferiority and revere thc superiority of
the white races and welcome tbeir advent, That reminds us, though; talking of the inferiority of the colored
rnees, we have observed'specimens of
theso in English universities, nnd
Otrango to say, we hnve been compelled to draw conclusions most favorable to them, both as regards Intellect nnd manner of living. Ahd
Stranger still, we have evon heard
these despised foreigners romark With
surprise on the ugliness and short-
coinings of our boasted civilization.
So, bearing all these facts In mind,
and remembering reluctantly tljat
our hands are stnlned with guilt in
regnrd to the exploitation of these
colored races; remembering that few
of them have profited by our Interference or example, and believing thai.
free from our coercion (but with oiir
oo-operation, perhaps), thoy would
have developed in fl Highly creditable
manner, no are forced to the conclusion thai actions such as America's
are wrong.
Free Internationalism is the only
hope of Uie world. We are all Interdependent as rnees; without each
other, we nre mentally and morally
poor mid physically handicapped,
without ihe mighty influences of Greek
art, Roman beginnings of law and orderliness, without music, lltornturo
and art of Europe; without the scientific research,of Oermany (who bus
contributed other things as woll);
without the gifts of the Jews in .-ill
ages, and In all countries; without the
sterling qualities of tbe British und
American race; without the subtle and
as yet hardly understood Influences of
the wonderful cast, our world would
much we can learn from them,
And so, let us avoid friction. We
know to what it leads. We know
that the next war will be incredibly
horrible, before which the tales of
Flanders fields and Mesopotamia will
pale. Should the colored races be in
volved, as probably they will, there
will be many a ghastly score to wipe
off, many a misery, many a bitter in
justice to revenge. But for heaven's
sake, let ft be averted. We shall have
nothing to gain by it, nnd everything
to lose.
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed ls accepted by the management,]
FiU'incr-Labor Party
Editor B. C. Federationist: In ycur
( .t last issue, Comrade William Law
evil-minded | ^es exception to the writer In using
the term -Farmer-Labor pany," if
all farmers were us clear as to their
economic status as he seems to be,
thc matter would be extremely simple,
and the Labor party would at once
lude the workers of factory and
Having spent tho past twenty
working for socialism, undet
I various organizations I ;im not weft-
dud to any particular name or form
of organization. The main thing is to
get the work done, and capitalism will
not be overthrown until there Is a
complete acknowledgment of identlt)
of interest between all classes of
workers. Acknowledgement Unit
this docs not ns yet exist in
ibis country although there aie
signs that ii fu approaching. If It can
be hastened by the adoption of a lerm
whtch will clearly Indicate a common
aim I for one, do not see why there
should he any objection to it. The
Farmer-Labor parly In . the - United
States Is making great strides, nnd 1
am quite convinced that a similar
line-up will take placo ln Canada Info, o long. Just \\o\v 11 may he brought
To Contributors
When   you've   got   a   thought   that's
Boll ft downl \
Mnke ft short; and crisp, and snappy;
Boll it down!
When you think 'twould be a sin to
Cut another sentence in two,
Send it on, and we'll begin to
Boll It down!
—Town Crier.
The greateHC assistance that tbe
readers of The Federatlonist can render us at this time. Is by securing a
now subscriber. By doing so you
spread tho news of the working clfftg
movement and assist us.
Warn Your Children!
T HAS BEEN reported tu me thst a man
_ introducing himself aa the School Doctor
has called at several Vancouver home* in tbe
abBonce of the parents, ostensibly to examine the children's cheats.
iMeoso note that Dr. Harold White, M.D.,
Is the only doctor employed by thc Vancouver
School Board, and that he does not vialt
homijs to make physical wainltinllons.
In cat-e of n recurrence, please notify the
B. G.  WOI.rKMKItfnN,
Secretary,  Vnncouver School  <lnnrd.
NO'NCK   ih   hereby  given   Unit  under  the
Pronlslona of Section (400) of tho Crlml*
nl Code of Cnnndn it  Ik unlnwfu) for any
Manufacturer,   Dealer,  Trader,  Bottler,   Junk
Dealer or Junk  l'cillnr to buy,  Moll,  deal or
traffic in nny bottlea bearing the Trnde Mark
or nnme of tlte following Companies, via.:
Vaneonver Breweries Limited.
Victoria  Phoenix  Brewing Co.  Limited-
Silver Spring Brewing Co. Limited-
Rainier Browing Compnny Limited.
Westminster Brewery Limited,
without the written consenl of the said coin-
antes, nnd thnt nny person er Company who
commits   a   lireneh   nf   this   Section   of   the
Criminal Code will he prosecuted.
Dated nt Vancouver, ll. 0„ thl* 4th day of
April,  1024.
Solicitor for the nbove named Companies.
rpHK undersigned will receive tenders up
1 to 12 o'clock, Wednesday, April :ioth
neat, for All electrical supplies roqulBd hy
the city for the current yenr. Tender
firms nnd further Information enn be obtained  at  my .-..Hire.
City   Purchasing   Agent.
This Label Is a Guarantee of Purity
Insist on i.RITANNIA
On Sub' at All (lOvorimu-M store.-* PAGE FOUR
sixteenth TEAR.  No. it BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, rc
Government-Farmer Co-operation
Along Lines As in
New Zealand
"The farmers are looking to a com-
plete change of land valuation for tax
purposes, and a system of government
agents to market farm products, That
is, government commission ngents
working under a set percentage com'
mission on the market of farm products. This, of course, would amount
to government-farmer co-operation
along the lines in practice in New Zea
land. We believe thnt by changing
the system of farm taxation, the whole
of the agricultural land of the province would be brought under cultivation. At present the owner who neglects his land pays little tuxes while
he who Improves his holdings has
his taxes raised acre by acre.
Some fnrmers in Comox riding,
whose fathers and grandfathers
before them wrought their lives
away on fhe land, nre paying as
. high as $500 per year, while others
whose land Ik neglected pay but a
few dollars."
These are the words of a farmer
correspondent, who has lived for 26
years among his fellow-farmers in a
certain district on Vancouver island.
He and many others look to labor to
make an honest effort to evolve some
means to improve their condition. ]
T'hey are unanimous in their desire
for the change outlined above, and we
expect to hear jiioro from them on the
- matter. Their problems are uot quite
the same as those of the city worker,
though springing from the .same cause.
Capitalist governments ;<\-_ constantly seekiuu for immigraiion to Ull'
our (?) fertile valleys und rocky
mountain sides, too), and then proceed to tax them all the traffic will
bear so that fn tlio pnd they hnvo
about the samn as the urban worker,
enough to bring them i>ack the next
day to do another day's work. Small
wonder that he noon feels the Kire of
the bright lights and the paved sti sets
and joins the throng of Job-seekers ln
the city.
FRIDAY ,.t April 86,  1934
That Isn't A Bit Nice, Tubby
British Fay Him Annual Fee of
£400,000 and Support Him
in His Civil Wars.
Letting the Senate Say It
Getvyour workmate to subscribe for
The Federatlonist.
[From New Leader]
On the invitation of his two bohs,
who have been planted out by 'the
hand of the British Imperial gardener
as emirs in Mesopotamia and Trans-
jordanla, the enterprising old gentleman who culls himself the king of
Mecca, has assumed the dignity of
caliph of all Islam. Whother anyone
outside what Moslems call "the garden of Arabia" will acknowledge him
is doubtful; but that is his affair. The
caliph must be an independent prince,
for is he not the sword of Allah on
earth? Now, King Hussein is, unfortunately, a highly dependent prince,
the very type of a subsidized natellite.
We pay him an annual retaining fee of
some £400,000, and moreover, we are
pledged by the treaty ol' 1916, which
has been published in France, If not
in England, to support him in his internal difficulties, -revolts, civil wars
and the like. Mr. Macdonald, very
correctly, in answer to a parliamentary question, disclaimed any official
Interest in this purely Moslem question. But can a gentleman whom we
subsidize and support make himself
caliph, even at the wish of hts dutiful
sons, without our consent, formal or
Informal? That Is thc question which
is bofng asked very pointedly, not only
in Egypt, but even ln France. This
new phase of religious Imperialism
strikes us as a risky departure which
will bring us no credit. One cannot
hire caliphs. If one tries to do it
their sanctity will evaporate and tht'r
spiritual splendor fade.
The greatest assistance tbat tbe
readers of Tbe Federatlonist can render ns at tbls time, Is by securing a
new subscriber. By doing so yoa
spread tbe news of tbe working clues
movement and assist as.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florfets' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East        8—STORES—2        655 Oranvllle Stnet
Sey. _S8-«72 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 9513-1391
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
*r McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
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Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
Ask for
Pale Ale
A full-bodied, fine flavored Ale
BMt will cumpurB fa <m__t_ty with ,_
my of the ftunous imported
—te, tnd it much ha coet to the
M   ■
Thta afetrttement it not published or dtephyed bv
the liquor Control Board or by the Government ei
BritiA Columbia.
At ill Government Tendon
T ABOK has boen in such a position'
■*"' In the past, thot all she could do
was to criticize the actions of the
government. Ofttimes she has been
very severe in her criticisms. It ii
refreshing to hear whnt members of
the senate at Ottawn have to say
along these lines. It will be found instructive, if not amusing:. In the official reports of the "debates of the
senate," of date April 3rd, the following is part of the reportod discussion
on Appropriation bill, No. 1:
Hon. MR. BENNETT: . . , Why
should the government, with indecent
hnste, rush over to London and purchase there a building costing a million or a million and a half, when nnother million will have to be expended on it? Surely there are things to
be done in this country, where money
could be much better spent than over
there. The business of Canada has
been conducted in Englnnd in the offices we hnd. What is the government
doing over there except increasing the
staff lhat they keep up, while certain
politicians over there are holding high
offices as rewards? We have the case
of onc gentleman taken from the
house of commons nnd rewarded over
there with a salary of $7000 a year.
The government had a secretary and a
staff there that were able lo carry on
all the business.
Tills is n specimen of the reckless
expenditure that is going on in this
country, and the honorable gentleman
says, "We preached virtue, but now
we fear we cannot carry lt out." That
ls the trouble with thiB government;
they made so many promises that the
people took them at their word, and
expected there would be something
done along the line of their promises.
That ls what they nre now confronted
with, fn tho country.
There has never been more reckless'
expenditure than has gone on in the
past year on the most absurd items.
I have repeated time and again, and
no one can challenge my Btatement,
that on Wellington street in this city
there is a whole string of buildings,
and' a very little expenditure would
put many of them In order for government business; yet what is -this
government paying today? It is paying ln this city of Ottawa $1,450,000
ln rents,
Hon. Mr. BENNETT: Let us take
another item. Mr. Motherwell, th
minister of agriculture—and, being
an agriculturist, of course he had none
of these city tricks, these city ideas,
about him—«amc down here. In vol.
page 12, will be found the following: "Uniform for chauffeur, $108,
Hon. Mr. DANDURAND: Nothing
is tod good for agriculture.
Hon. Mr. BENNETT: That is the
trouble with 'the honorable gentleman's friends in this country today.
While the people are starving, you
gentlemen with your big salaries are
laughing at them, You know what
you experienced in Halifax and Kent,
nnd% what you will experience in any
riding that you open up from the old
government. But even if they were
legacies from the old government, are
not these the very things they denounced? But they are not legacies
from the old government. Let me
give you an example of one of them:
'Department of interior, Cadillac touring car, at a cost of $5260." What
does the honorable gentleman say to
that? Thot Is to be found in volume
2, page 241. Then we flnd "uniforms
and overcoats for chauffeurs, $832,
and "gloves, $21." And the people of
this country are going around praying
for bread. These Englishmen who
came down from Toronto the other
night asked for some place to put
them up, and according to the press,
Loggen and Surveyors
Hade to Order
Onr Specialty
Repairing  Neatly  Done
Phone. Soymour 036
'the minister of labor generously
breakfasted some thirty odd of theBe
men, and the. prime minister offered
to look after three of them. It is a
wonderful government When they nre
not dealing with their own money.
the honorable gentleman will permit
me, I will be constructive. If my honorable friend will go through the estimates for the present fiscal year, he
will find that the pork-barrel estimates are quite as numerous and quite
as generous as they have over been in
the past. Large sums are being expended in every part of this dominion
unnecessarily, needlessly, recklessly.
There has been no nttempt on the
part of Uie government to cut down
those most objectionable items which
nre plunging this dominion into a condition of indebtedness from which it is
almost impossible for us to extricate
ourselves. If my honorable friend will
look at the harbor and river appropriations whieh have been made for
lhe purpose" of keeping the party solid,
he will see where very substantial
duolions could have been made.
The migration of Canadluns by the
hundreds of thousands during the
past couple of years has been due" to
the excessive taxation the people of
Canada are bearing. Until the gov
ernment will sit down and give seriou:
thought to working out an intelligent
policy of redrfcing our taxation, national disaster and calamity will be
our fate.
The government has taken considerable unction to itself for saving a
paltry sum like $369,750 on account
of the civil service. This is a paltry
thing, honorable gentlemen; yet this
government has taken remarkable
credit for the reduction which it has
made along this line. At the same
time, while with the one hand it has
dismissed public servants, and thus
saved the salaries of those dismissed,
with the other hand It has ordered an
upward revision of salaries which will
of course, absolutely absorb the saving of which it has already boasted.
Hon. W. B. ROSS: I flnd in the accounts for the administration of justice that the salaries of judges of all
classes amount to about $2,000,000, in
round numbers. Now, If you make a
reduction of 26 per cent, in the indemnity of members here, say from
$4000 to $3000, I would propose a reduction of one-fifth on the salary of
all the Judges—every one of them
from top to bottom. That would give
you $400,000. There Is no doubt that
no class in the community could stand
the cut better than the judges. When
I came to this house the salary of a
judge of the supreme court of Nova
Scotia was $4000; now it is $9000.
The county court judges' salaries were
about $2000. up to $2500; now they
arc alt paid $5000. If you are going
to aak typists and clerks on salaries
of $600 and $1200, and men that work
ln the fields and in the drains, to
economize and to make a self-sacrifice, I do not know any class in the
community on which you could more
fairly make a claim than you could,
on all the judges ln Canada. Furthermore, I have enough faith in the
character and patriotism of the judges
to believe that there would be no great
complaint from them if we did that,
provided always that we dealt here on
proper lines with the indemnities of
members of both houses.
TN the flrst stage or period of bondage, the eyes of the subject class
were always turned to the past; the
folk fn rebellion tried to destroy the
social system and machinery ln order
to march backward and re-establish
the social order of othftj times—"the
good oM days" of their fathers.
In the second period the subject
class tended, more and more to lose
sight and thought of any pre-existant
state of society, to believe that the
social order In which It found itself
had always -existed, and to bend Its
energies to obtain such amelioration
of its lot within existent society as
would make taht lot more bearable.
(Pure and simple trades unions, for
In the third stage, the subject class
grew revolutionary, recked little of
the past for Inspiration, but, building
on the achievements of the present,
set Itself to the conquest of the future.
The development of the framework of
society had shown it its own relative
importance, and the fact that within
Itself thore had grown all unconsciously a power which, intelligently applied, would overcome and mould solely to Its will.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, and then oall
around next day /or a subscription.
What Its Third Annual Convention at Calgary, Alta.,
The third annual convontion of the
Canadian Labor purty convened at
Calgary on April 16. There were 63
organizations afflliated with the Canadian Labor party in Alberta, and the
majority of these have managed to
send delegates to the convention. The
following are a few of the resolutions
submitted to the conference:   ,
1. To demand revision of tho elections aot governing town, village,
school and hospital hoards and councils; elimination of the property qualifications for nil voters, and adoption
of lhe principle of proportional representation.
2. To agitate for the -naturalization
of all residents in Canada, including
3. To demand the release of class-
war prisoners in Canada, and the cessation of the use of tbe injunction and
other forms of repression in Industrial disputes and the repeal of the an
liquated sedition Inws . . . and the
sotting up-of a National Labor De
fence council,
4. To demand action respecting unemployment, and work or full maintenance, provided by means of a tax
on industry.
5. To protest against the government's immigration policy . . . and
to educate the workers of Canada in
regard to the pernicious propaganda
that Is being carried on by thc gov--
ernment in its efforts to carry out the
orders of the manufacturers and lar
employers of labor.
6. To declare a general strike of
all workers as the answer to the next
declaration of capitalist war.
7. To establish a Provincial Labor
Educational bureau from which would
be disseminated, periodically, the latest and best-Informed working class
social and economic literature.
8. To support the farmers ... to
better their conditions and shake off
the chains of mortgage slavery, and
bring together the forces of the farm
slave and the wage slave for common,
action against a common foe.
9. To favor the establishment of
schools for the purpose of education
along working class lines (special and
economic) and to counteract the pernicious influences of capitalist education in the C. G. I. T., Boy Scouts,
cadets, etc.
10. To protest against the reduction
in the Minimum Wage act from $14 to
$12.50 per week for women workers,
and to urge all workers to Insist on
the carrying out of the act.
11. To pledge itself to the mast
energetic action In support of the
workers and peasants of Germany in
their struggles against the destitution
and misery of capitalism,
12. Similarly, to assist the workers
and farmers of soviet Russia in their
struggles against world capitalism.
13. To demand institution of national Insurance.
These are only a few of the resolutions briefly stated that are being
dealt with.
In his address, the president mentioned some of the alms of the Canadian Labor party, the function of
which ls to unite the worker politically, which Is the one great thing
that matters, The organization 1b
moulded on much the same principle
as the British Labor party, and is empowered to direct and finance political
campaigns, control all nominations,
and direct political policies. In view
of the fact that imperialists regard
Canada as being part of the British
empire, the question of appointing a
delegate at the British Commonwealth
Labor conference, might be earnestly
The president recommended the
following platform, having as ultimate economic aims the public ownership of the means of wealth production and distribution; and the organization of the educational institutions
to prepare for a complete living of
those educated: Employment for all
must be recognized by the state as a
necessity. Electoral reform shall' include proportional representation, removal of all restrictions, recognition
of election day as a public half-holt
day, direct legislation and finally, thd
abolition of non-elective legislative
bodies. With regard to finance, It Is
recommended that income tax be revised as well as taxes on unimproved
land values, inheritance and profits
of corporations; that a capital levy
shall be raised for reduction of the
war-debt, white the control-of the
the banks, trust and Insurance business of the country shall be in the
hands of the people, tl Is also recommended that public hospitals and
the means of medical attention shall
be financed and managed on lines
similar to those of public schools, and
that the highest standard of life shall
bc Insisted on by proper enforcement
of adequate health, factory, store,
mines, railway and compensation acts.
And lastly, international disarmament
and the repeal of the amendment to
the Immigration act, providing for
deportation of British subjects shall
be insisted on,
In   concluding,   the   president   re
marked that the success of the Labor
party depends entirely on what we
arc prepared to put Into it, no less
than upon the spirit in which we hold
our faith, present our proposals and
meet our opponents in debate,
Patronise- Federatlonist advertisers,
_ .-.,   .   —   ,    -    .    -   *p    ,
Ask for CATTO'S.    For sale ftt all Government Liquor Stores
Tbis advertisement Ib not published or displayed by tbe Liquor Control Board or
by tbe Oovernment of Britiib Columbia
That the principle of the Collective Bargain is operative and no strikes or lookouts are permitted.
That the manufacturers and employees are settling
their disputes through mutual adjustment or arbitration without losses from cessation of work.
That industry and workmanship are benefited by
uninterrupted produetion leading to highest quality.
That goods will be delivered on time so that dealers
and wearers may be assured of seasonable footwear
in season.
A system of handling labor problems that has been
in operation more than twenty-five years and hai
created growing respect between employers add
employees, '   -
Manufacturers and workmen producing shoes bearing the above Stamp deserve the support of all wage
earners and their friends of industrial peaee.
Shoe retailers are requested to carry full lines of
shoes bearing the Stamp, and all friends of fair and
equitable labor relations are requested to purchase
List of makers of shoes bearing the Stamp furnished on request,
Boot & Shoe
Workers Union
246 Summer Street, Boston, Mass.
Oeneral President
Oeneral Secretary-Treasurer
Plain Your Trip
Every Assistance Offered
Reservations and Passports
357 pri'invlii.* kiiv»i


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