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British Columbia Federationist Dec 14, 1923

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 etc i•" W*
Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)       ♦, political emty. victoby
Heaviest Poll Recorded in Vancouver Oity at Wednesday'* Election
Aldermen for Wards II and IV
Eleoted by Acclamation
—The Results
IT BEING flne weather, the heaviest
poll ever recorded ln the Vancouver
civic elections waa polled at Wednesday's eleotlon... The labor candidates
lost In every contest. Following are
results of the poll. The names in
Capital Letters are elected:
For Mayor
W. R. OWEN   5670
L. D. Taylor  6617
R. P. Pettipiece  2469
For Aldermen
Ward 1:
TRACEY       818
Dean     688
Spoiled •*•     18
Ward II:
H. E. ALMOND  Acclamation
Ward III:
GIBBENS        616
Marshall    468
Lotzkar    122
Ward IV:
JOHN BENNETT  Acclamation
Ward V:
Welsh   690
Thom     391
Spoiled   89
Ward VI:
Morrow     815
Sangster :.  449
Birch  139
Campbell    110
Spoiled   76
Ward VII:
Scrlbblns  660
Blygh   241
Boardman  200
Spoiled   42
Ward VIII:
ROGERS    1422
' Spoiled  .'. 24
School Trustees (flrst four elected)
MACAULAY     6786
CREHAN   6824
Downlo   3084
Melllsh    8016
Spoiled    616
Park   Commissioners   (first   three
SHELLY  7843
BAYNES   6128
CRAM    3859
Cottrell   3639
Coles   3261
Spoiled  ...'.  660
Fis. ^ >ien and Others with F&mi-
'i% leave Nova Scotia in
hundreds for U. S.
President  Miller and Seoretary
Jamieson Re-elected—Installation Jan. 13
At an enthusiastic and largely attended meeting: of the Musicians'
union, No. 145, American Federation
of Musicians, held on Sunday in Moose
hall, Ernest C. Millet' was re-elected
president for his second term, and
Edward Jamieson was re-elected recording secretary for his seventh
term, H. Stocker, vice-president, and
W. E. Williams, financial secretary,
were alBo returned to office. Executive board members include J. G.
Hunt, William Pilling and A. J. Toevs,
V. Fletcher is tho sergeant-at-arms,
Installation ceremonies will bo conducted  Sunday,  January  13  1924.
People Bullied by Big Interests
of Other Provinces—Better Secession
[Halifax Citizen (Labor)]
UON. W. S. FIELDING, ln his address last week drew a sombre
picture of our young fishermen leaving our shores to seek work and
homes In the great republic to our
south. In his own constituency of
Shelburne, hundreds of young men,
fn the fiBhing industry, as well as
others with their families have already left for the United States. Mr,
Fielding told his audience that he did
not offer a remedy for this sad emigration of our young life to Uncle
Sam's domain; but he did venture a
diagnosis of the disease, "that is at
present afflicting the population of
this once prosperous province.
Reciprocity Turned Down
Mr. Fielding then referred to the
reciprocity pact of 1911; and in unmistakable terms scored the turning
down of reciprocity as the fruitful
cause of an exodus that is now paining the hearts of all those who are
forced to look on and see our young
people finding their life work In the
United States. On the same platform
Kobt. E. Finn told of the big interests
of Ontario fighting every attempt to
give Nova Scotia what justly belongs
to this province, in the way of public
works, and aU that goes with such
Improvements and developments. And
so Messrs. Fielding and Finn drow a
picture that is only too true; and can
be amply verified ln*the common experience of every man In Nova Scotia,
Big Business in Ontario and Quebec
combine in keeping Nova Scotia the
fag-end of the Dominion. On the
other hand, the Fordney bill has
raised up a barrier that is barring out
one of the chief industries of thiB
province. The west Is cutting us off.
We are already cut off from the south.
Verily! We are between the devil
and the deep sea. Our natural* markets are gone, while Upper Canadian
Industries are giving us the dirty kick,
and practically telling «us to paddle
our own canoe. And in the midst of
our miseries and woes any one who
dares to speak—to whisper—about a
closer affiliation with the United
States—our nearest and most natural
ally in trade—is called a "death whisperer:" a traitor; a Bolshevik. If this
province continues to proceed along
prosent lines of exodus;.loss of trade;
and loss of sympathy and co-operation
from Ontario and Quebec the end of
industrial value and self-respect is
not far away.
Anything Is better than being bullied by Quebec and Ontario and the
West. Mostly, anything, Is better than
being shut out from our natural
Secession from Confederation.
Reciprocity is better, secession from
Confederation is better; if one or the
other will give back our sons and
daughters; will return to us our markets and means of a larger living; will
restore to us that respect that is now
being questioned by a bunch of
heartless, conscienceless industrialists,
whoBe only sense of patriotism ls that
damnable flag-flapping stunt, for the
one purpose of extracting the laBt
dollar and last ounce of energy from
the poor fools, who cannot distinguish
between  patriotism and  profiteering.
Longshoremen Return to Work
After Being Out for
Nine Weeks
Acceptance of Committee's Report Carried—Por 584,
Aginist 337
fTHE   International   Longshoremen's
association, 38-52, held a meeting
last Friday ln the Dominion hall, at
which over 1000 members were present. The session was called to discuss the strike situation. Secretary
Thomaa said It was for them to decide, after being out on strike nine
weeks, and hearing the different reports and recommendations of the
strike committee, as to wh._f would
be the beBt course of action to* pursue.
Delegate Cottrell of the Trades and
Labor council, reported at length on
the interviews held with the Shipping
Federation regarding the proposition
that members of the union should register through the government employment bureau.
Secretary Thomas read the following recommendation of the strike committee: "That In the opinion of the
committee, the best Interests of the organization would be served by the ac
ceptance of the proposals as submitted by Mr, Harrison, fair-wage officer,
and agreed to by the Shipping Federation."
After due discussion by several
members, a vote was taken, which resulted as follows:
For acceptance      584
Against acceptance     387
Spoiled  _	
Total votes     930
A standing vote of thanks was tendered to the representatives of the
Trades and Labor council for the assistance they rendered during the
THERE Is only one Labor
Paper In Hritish Colombia,
The B. C. Foderationist, and
thnt paper needs the support of
organized labor. -
The policy ot the paper is to
support the International Labor
movement, and to build up the
existing labor unions, but this
can only be done with the aid of
the unions, and to this end we
are asking all local unions to
send us ln the news of the craft
whtch they have jurisdiction
While The Foderationist Is desirous of supporting tbe various
craft organisations, with tbe
limited finances at band, lt ls
Impossible to cover all the local
meetings, and lf yonr organization will send in reports alter
each meeting, lt will help the,
work along.
Why not appoint a press correspondent, and see that the
news of your orgaizatlon ls circulated through tho ranks of organized labor.
There Is another way your
locnl can help The Federatlonist, and that Is by subscribing
in a body. Why not support
your own paper. It will bring
Latest Advices Show Standing of
the Political Parties in
Oreat Britain
Parties as They Stood Before the
Dissolution of the House
of Commons
rpHE LATEST London advices re
*• gardlng the results of the British
general elections held last week show|couver
Re-elect Pretident Hoover and
Business tgent Cottrell
by Acclamation
Polling Friday December 21, at
Prior Street and North
AT THE last regular meeting of the
Street and Blectric Railway Employees, Pioneer division, No. 101,
nominations and election of officers
for ensuing year resulted as follows:
Elected by acclamation—President,
F. A. Hoover; first vice-president, J.
E. Smith; business agent and flnanclal secretary, W. H. Cottrell; warden
(daymen). J. A. Wood; warden (night*
men), W. Deptford; conductor (daymen), J. Auton; conductor (night-
men), S. P. Davidson; extra men's
representative, T. R. Carson; execu*
tive (North Vancouver), VF. A. Harris.
Nominations—Por second vice-preB-
Ident, T. H. Ford, R. Foster, W. fiur.
ray; for recording secretary, J. Armstrong, F. E. Griffin, A. V. Lofting;
for treasurer, A. F, Andrew, P. Logee,
H. W. Speed; for auditors, J. Auton,
T. Elliot, W. L. Jackson, A. Mclnnis;
for delegates to Trades and Labor
Council, J. Auton, W. H. Cottrell, W.
Deptford, S. Doeherty, A. B. Elliott,
A. H. Glngell, F. E. Griffin, E. Hicks,
F. A. Hoover, A. V. Lofting, P. Logee,
A. Mclnnis, H. J. Paeper, J. B. Smith,
H. W. Speed.
Judge of elections, B. G. Davles;
tellers T. Scott, J. Dew (Vancouvor),
T. Gouthro, (Lulu Island), W. A.
Harris  (North Vancouver.)
Election will be held on Friday,
December 21, 1923.
Polling places—Prior street, Van-
waiting room,   North   Van-
Prevailing in Dominion and Several Other Countries in
Different Continents
Affiliate with the Canadian Labor
Party—To Include Workers and Farmers
Putronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Brisk Times in Mining on Hudson's Bay Mountain—Big
Help to Everyone
[Special to B. C. Federatlonist]
Smlthers, B.C., Dec. 13.—This town
is the "hub" of Bulkley valley, and
looks for a prosperous winter. Mining activity, on Hudson's Bay mountain Is helping a lot. Smithers has
a population of about a thousand, and
them's a good deal of building ln
progress. At least 50 men will Hnd
steady employment during the
winter. ' All this ls not only good
for Smlthers, but benefits neighbor
Ing ranohera. Several mining claims
With good prospects have been .staked
out. Intending prospectors and others
need grub-stakes and enough to pay
their way, and must be prepared to
rough it. Everybody hero has something to do and the outlook is very
Dooley and War
I'll ntver go down agin
sojers oft to th' war. But ye'll see
mo at th' depot with a brass band
whin th' men that cause wars start
fr th' scene iv carnage, says
What  Ono Knows
The learning and knowledge that
we havo Is, at the most, but Iltlte compared with that of which we are Ignorant.—Plato.
"Labqr Notes"
In June, 1832, Robert Owen laid
down that all wealth proceeded from
labor and knowledge; that labor and
knowledge' were generally remunerated according to the time employed,
and that in the new labor exchanges,
it waa proposed to make "time" the
standard or measure of wealth. The
new currency was represented by
"labor notes," the notes being measured in hours, and the hour reckoned
aa being worth sixpence, this figure
being taken aa the mean between the
wage of the best and the worst paid
labor. Goods were then to be exchanged for the new labor currency.
On September 8, 1832, exchange premises were opened in Gray's Inn road,
London. A great business was done.
In 17 weeks depoalts, amounting to
445,501 hours, was made. Difficulties soon arose from the lack of sound
practical valuators. The experiment
came to an untimely end in 1834.
y. s. l
the standing of the partleB as follows: couver. Polls will open at 9 a.m. and
Will They Cause a Revolution in
Trades and Labor Union
Conservatives _    262
Labor party  i.  ?01
Liberals  !  162
Total    j  616
When the Britiah parliament was
dissolved, the parties ln the houae of
commons stood as follows:
Conservatives' ..  346
Labor   144
Liberals        67
Lloyd Georgeites      50
Other parties         8
close at 7 p.m. Voting under proportional representation syatem.
Lahor Economist Says Organized
Workers Will Fight Capital
with Capital
"CUMULATING the old advice to "fight
•*-*' fire with flre" organized labor has
begun to flght capital with capital.
This Is the opinion of Richard M.
Boeckel, labor economist, whose recent book, "Labor's Money," presents
tho flrst authoritative account of the
development and growth of workers'
co-operative bunks. With this new
weapon in the hands of labor, Boeckel
foresees the day when strikes will be
as obsolete in settling labor controversies as the medieval crossbow in armed affrays of today.
Will Work a Revolution
"As the labor banking movements
continues to expand during the next
few years,," Boeckel says, "it will work
a revolution in trade union methods.
Labor will depend less and less upon
withholding man power in strikes, and
more and more upon the strategic use
of the workers' money power."
"Within tho short space of three
and a half years there have been established fifteen workers' co-operative
banka in widely scattered Industrial
centres. Their aggregate resources
approximately $50,000,000. No less
than twenty now workers' banks are
in process of organization, all of which
will be in oporation within the next
ten months,
Economic Forces of Labor
"This labor banking movement haa
not been developed on a basis of theory, nor has it been promoted by propaganda. It is an outgrowth of tho
condition of the times and the experiences of the workers in the organized
labor movement. Should thla policy
of fighting capital with capital be followed by workers generally," Boeckel
adds, "the country will witness an enormous expansion in both the number
and resources of labor banks during
1924. At the present rate of growth,
deposits ln the workers' banks should
aggregate $100,000,000 by the beginning of 1925."
"There are three and a half millions who live in slums ln a country
that could spend ten thousand million pounds on a war."—Mr, Lloyd
There are nenrly 50,000 boys under
16 (COOO of whom nre undor 14) employed in the mines of Great Britain.
Unemployed  In   Holland
Business conditions In the Nether'
lands are stationary with unemployment gradually increasing, especially
in tho building trade, though In some
manufacturing lines the situation la
slightly relieved. With tho decline
in exports, the previous improvement in the trade balance has been
wiped   out,
Many Tales of Hard Struggles of
British Members of
The Number Who Started in Ooal
Mines at an Early Age
Is Startling
TN his "foreward" to the Herald Book
of Labor Members, Hamilton Fyfo
says: "By far tho greater number of
tho British labor M.P.'s bave work
ed with their hands; have earned
weekly wages; havo known what it
means to bo casually employed, and
to go through periods of hardship
when work was scarce. By far the
greator number of them, therefore,
are closely acquainted with ihe prob-
iems which the mass of people hnvo
to face In their dally lives. They
know from experience the diBabll
ities that are imposed on the chil
dren born into poor homes; and
what cruelties aro Inflicted by tho
unthinking selfishness of the thor
oughly comfortable; what difllcul
ties havo to be fought againut and
what disappointments endured by
those who struggle against an inhuman competitive and soulless system baaed on production for the proflt of a few, instead of production
for the uso of all."
As one looks through these brief
biographies of labor members
of parliament, one sees how hard
havo been the lives of almost every
one, The number who Btarted ln
the coal mines at an early age
British Columbia Fisheries
The tola! value of the B. C. fishing
production in 1016 was $14,538,320, or
40.54 per cent, of the total fishing products of Canada. In 1922 it was $18,-
849,6r>8, or 45 por cent.
"Government  in   Business"
An Interesting despatch came out
of Stockholm the other day. It Is
said that tho citizens of Stockholm
ought to havo a haRpy Christmas
this yenr because the profits on th'
city light and waterworks wero
such thnt. prices would be reduced
on these necessities. Every papor
has boon tolling ns for yenrs back
that municipal nnd atate ownership
wero failing In Europe, that industries wore being given back tn private   owners.
German  Magnates  Ask  Frenoh
Officers in Ruhr to Crush
German Workers
In Rebellion of Commune 1871-72
Germans Allowed French
Suppress Rebels
[By "English Socialist"]
■"THE secretary of the German "so-
clal democrats" has recently appealed to the common interests of
both French and German Industrial
magnates. This should clearly prove
that when it becomes a matter o£ a
struggle between tho capitalists and
the workors, all differences of race
and nationality are sunk, and the
class Interests predominate. In
letter asking for assistance from thc
commanding officer of the Fronch
army of occupation in the Ruhr,
this passage appears:
Sinco tho disarming of the German "green police" by your orders,
the increase of disorders in the Ruhr
has been everywhere noticeable. Tho
elements which are hostile to the
state hnve used this situation to their
advantage, and have been organizing their "corps of hundreds." I
consider it my duty to toll you the
truo position. Allowing European
civilization tu bo threatened by mob
rule. It Is a dangerous game for
Frnnce itself. Tho French army is
not merely a collection of rifles, guns
and tanks, but these Instruments "reserved by human beings who havo
eyes and ears for what is going on
about them. They will bring thc
seeds of new learning home with
them, nnd this seed may bear bitter
fruit on French soil. It Is, therefore,
the duty of tho French command,
even if it does not tnke action itself,
to fflvo a free hnnd to the Germnn
authorities to carry out their duties.
I should like to remind the French
command thnt in the rebellion of the
commune in 1871-72 tho German
high command allowed thc French
authorities every freedom for the
purpose of suppressing tho robels.
We are only asking the same facilities now in cnso of future developments. I ask. therefore, for agreement, to the principle that we sond
armed police from tho towns of Dusseldorf, Dulsbtirg and Hamborn to
danger points of the  industrial area.
A group of neighbors, listening lo a
little girl singing ttt her piny, wero
surprised to bear this medley: "Josus
loves mo, yes I know, for tho Bible told
mc so.    Yes, wo hnve no bnnnnas."
Idleness a Di-scnse
TdlenoRS is a disonse which must ibe
combatted; hut I would not advise a
rigid adherence to a particular plan
nf Htudy. I myself have never persisted In any plan for two dnys together. A man ought to rend Just as
Inclination lends him; fnr what ho
rends ns a tnsk will do him little
good. A young man should road Ave
hours ln a day. nnd sn msy acquire a
grent denl of knnwlodgo,--~Pr. Samuel
They'll Got Him
A Fort Worth, Texas, hermit who
Inherited $100,000 Is hunting a wife,
AM ho will hnvo to do Is to sit still.
Recognition of Shorter Workday
Secured First in N. S. W.
and Victoria in 1856
rVHK CANADIAN department of
labor has issued a bulletin regarding the hours of labor In Canada and
other countriea, from which the following data is procured and herewith printed:
Canada.—British Columbia: Bight-
hour day in force for women employed in factories and for minera.
Alberta: Eight hours for underground
mines and 48-hour week for women
in certain occupations. Ontario:
Eight hours for underground miners,
and 48-hour week for women In certain occupations.
United States,—-Eight-hour day ls
fixed by law for underground coal
miners In California Colorado, Idaho,
Missouri, Montana, Oklahoma, Oregon
Utah and Wyoming, and for all coal
miners in State of Washington.. State
governments provide an eight-hour
day for public employees in 18 states.
Eight-hour day generally observed,
Great Britain.—The eight-hour day
is more generally applied through
voluntary action ln that country
than in any other. The Coal Mines
act specifies seven hours for underground workers.
Austria.—Eight hours is the limit
for Industrial undertakings, railways
and mines.
Belgium.—Forty-eight hour week
ils the law for all industrial undertakings, except water transport and
in commercial offices.
Denmark.—An act limits the working shift to eight hours ln 24. Exemptions are permitted In seasonal
Finland.—An act provides eight
hours in handicraft and factory trades
other induatrlal and commercial occupations, nnd in hotels and on rail
Frame—Principle of eight houra
maintained by law, but not adhered
to by'employoes who in most cases
are willing to work over time, since
post-war conditions have made extraordinary ' demnnds on Industry.
Miners work eight hours.
Germany.—In 1920 n published
table .shows that 8,080,945 employeea
were working under collective agreements. Of this number only 23,600
worked more than 48 hours a week,
There seems to bo no statutory eight-
hour day, though agreements may be
enforced. Coal mines vary from 7
to 7% houra.
Italy.—It is decreed that 48 hours
a week shall be the maximum for
manuaPand non-manual workers. It
does not aply to occupations of a discontinuous or of a waiting or watching nature, nor to domestic servants,
offices and travellers. "Collective
agreements In almost all industries
are national in scope and apply to
tho wholo of Italy." Therein the principle of tho eight-hour day is affirmed.
Netherlands.—An net limits hours
of labor in factories, workshops, bak
cries and offices to eight and a half
in the duy and 48 in the week. Form
erly eight nnd 45.
Norway.-? An net provides eight
hours n dny and 48 a week. Where
nn eight-hour day cannot apply, tho
limit must bc 48 a week.
Poland.—An act limits hours to
eight a day and six on Saturday in
all "industrial establishments, mines,
furnaces, workshops, transport undertakings by land and water as woll as
In commercial occupations." Overtime is restricted to 120 hours In one
year at tbe rate nf time nnd o half.
Portugal.—In commercial undertakings hours worked between 9 a.m.
and 7 p.m. with two hours' rest during tliis period. Tn industrial establishments, eight hours a day, 48 a
week. Overtime must not exceed 12
hours a week at double time rates.
Spain.—A roynl decree specifies an
eight-hour day. Domestic service exempt. Overtime must not exceed GO
hours a month or 120 a yenr at rate
of time and one-fifth. On Sundaya
and after ten hours, on other dnys,
time and two fifths.
Sweden.—An act provides an eight
hour day and 48 hour week. Maximum overtime 50 hours a month. 200
a year, Diggers and cutters nf peat
Switzerland*— Maximum hours, f>4
a week. In continuous Industries, eight
hour shifts and a weekly rest day.
Ksihonla,—Fight hours in Industrial and comerclal undertakings, seven hours on Saturday.
Latvia.—Eight hours a day, 46 a
Lithuania.—Might linurs a day, 48
ri week, linurs fnr transport workers
regulated  by collective agreements,
liU.xomliHrg.—Decrees an eight hour
day In Industrinl establishments employing more than 20 porsons. Regulations give nn eight hour dny tn
railway workors,
Sorb-Croat -Slovene   State.—   Eight
hours a dny, 48 hours a week.   Overtime, two hours; In mines one hour,
(Continued  on   page   2)
Resolutions Pawed Regarding g.
hour Day, Political Aetion
and I. L. A. Strike
The fifth annual convention of tht
Nova Scotia Independent Labor party
wae held recently at Sydney minea.
Some thirty delegatee were preeent
representing tne industrial worken
of the province. Cape Breton wai
strongly represented by members
from miners' locale, local labor parties and the Workers' Party. Joe McKinnon of Glace Bay wae elected
chairman of the convention and John
B. Blue of Glace Bay acted as secretary. All delegates agreed that while
there was a steady desire on the part
of the workers and farmera for independent political aetion it was necessary to organise this sentiment Into
a definite organisation. The most important, decision was the ^filiation
with the Canadian Labor party as a
provincial section so that the labor
party would have a Dominion-wide
organization. The basis of the party
ln future wtll be the organized workers of the province. All working class
organizations, farmers' organizations,
and local labor parties are eleglble
for affiliation. The locat party machinery will consist of central councils
composed of delegates from every affiliated organization in the locality.
Another important step was the unanimous election of Jim McLachlan as
preaident of the party. Forman Waye,
secretary of the Sydney Steelworkers
union, was elected vice-president to
fill the place of Jim McLachlan until
he ia released from prison, Joe Wallace was unanimously elected to till
the position of secretary.
The resolutions paused at the convention deal with (1) the Canadian
Labor party, (2) the unity of farmers and workers, (3) demand fdr
the release of political prisoners, (4)
the education of the children of Lhe
working class, (5) the. situation
nmong the fishermen of the province,
(fl) the Wabana ore miners, (7) the
Sydney steelworkers, (8) the necessity of the trado union workers taking political action against the capitalists, (9) the British Columbia
longshoremen's strike, (10) the eight-
hour day. Those resolutions show the
attitudo of the party on thc&e matters
of importance to overy workers and
farmer in  the province.
Public Ownership
There are 2,567 cities in the United
States and Canada that own and operate electric tight and power plants.
Increased by Upward of 800,000
During First Nine Months
of This Year
A recent Moscow cable says that
unemployment In Russia increased by
upward of 800,000 during the first
nine months of this year, according
tn official figures now available here,
From 129,400 persons reported unemployed on January 1, thc army of
Russia's unemployed has grown until
to-day It Is more than 1.000.000. This
growth of unemployment in Russia
comes in the faco of Increased industrial netivity and Is attributable
the exodus of farm workers to
cities owing to tho agricultural depression which lias resulted from the
low prico of farm product!- and tbo
hard living conditions In rural districts.
Professor Soddy of Oxford Uni-
versity on the Despotism of
High Finance * j
"Our inverted system confers upon
the 'captains of finance' (he ultra-
regal powers of Inflation and deflation of tbo currency, which in their
effects are indistinguishable from the
private coining and withdrawal of
money," said Prof, ftoddy, of Oxford
University, lecturing at Glasgow on
the "Inversion of Science nnd Its Con-
"Socialism must socialise tlie banks
and decentralise thoir authority, restoring to local bank managers their
legitimnto fynotion of fostering all
the resources in men and material of
iheir localities not fnr usury but for
use as alt expert local Slate service."
When a man says "yes" to everything you suggOBti sti>i) suddenly sometime and you'll probably flnd that he
isn't paying much real attention to
what you're saying.
The only way to achieve greatness
Is to die, and millions of us won't
achieve It even then. PAGE TWO
fifteenth tear. N,. .0 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b.c.
Published every Friday by
The   British  Columbia   Federatlonist
Business Office:  1129 Howe Street
Editorial Office: Room 306—319 Fender W.
Editorial Board: P. It. Bftngough, it. U. Neol-
 ands, George Bartley.
Subscription Eate: Unltod Statea and Foreign, $3.(to per year; Canada, $2.50 per
year, $l.S0 for six months; tu Unions sub-
scribing in ft body, 16c per member per
Dully of
Libor:   Ths Hops ot
1 f
for another year, and the friends
of organized labor can now turn their
attention to matters that will be of
equal, If not more, importance to them
in the field of labor. The labor representatives In tho contest, under the
circumstances, did very well, though
they were defeated. The active part
taken by the organized workers in the
election juat held was worth the time
and energy expended. The labor vote,
however, did not come up to expectations.
any labor paper naturally does not
please everyone. To produce a labor
newspaper that Would gratify the
whims and desires of every individual
would be a difficult—If not Impossible
would be a dlfllcult—If not Impossible
—Job, and very likely result in a news-
less journal. Keeping incidents out
of the paper that workers should
know, or coloring them to suit the
viewpoints of certain schools of
thought, is unfair to the general run
of subscribers. Labor papers do not
make the news, and therefore should
not exaggerate the truth and mislead
readers. A labor organ publishes events
after they havo happened, or chronicles those which aro scheduled for the
future. The paper Is not responsible
for injunctions, arrests, court trials,
strikes, labor conventions, political
activities and the other many happen
Ings in everyday life, It is the duty of
a labor newspaper to publish what has
really happened aa correct as possible,
colorless and free from editorial opinion expressed In the news Items or
articles. An editor's comment should
onty appear tn the editorial columns,
TN another colilmn appears a tetter
J' from Mr. Garner, containing critic-
Isms which must hot go by the board.
He Bays The Federationist "lacks one
essential by not having ah open workers' correspondence," and adds, "from
an observer's point df view this appears
like a dictatorship," The Federationist
has never refused to print anything
written in ho best support of organized
labor. On thd contrary, it has published communications and articles
that no reputable ualty journal would
dream of delng to advance the Interests of wage-earners, and will continue
to dp so to the ond of the chapter.
Thfs is what Tho l-'ederationist is published for. On the olher hand, however, it haa emphatically declined to
print screeds made up of personal
abuse and slander, ties, imaginary
grievances, etc. This kind of stuff
may suit some, but It will not be
printed ln this paper. Does thts appear like dictatorship? If it does, The
Federationist cannot help it.
* * •
Mr. Garner says that "unions should
affiliate, back each other, stabilize
labor, educate debaters and organizers." This is just ono thing that
organized labor has been trying to
do for years, but this work cannot
be carried to a successful conclusion
through an apathetic membership.
Mr. Garner says himself that "the
unorganized wage-earners exceed the
organized." Then before his s.ugge^-
Mon—rwhloh no doubt he hns carefully cone hilo—can be carried o t
a vast atno* ' df i instructive work
mu.-t be iloiie Beforc nn efe-1*
oiK.inlza.tlon can be bulll lip, Induce*
ments must lie held out to those who
were nevor members of any union,
likewise leniency shown back-sliders,
to come forwahl and join the
of organized tabor. Not to Jolh an
organization of any kind, to stand by
the wayside ahd criticize those who
are members and making mistakes,
is quito a simple matter. To say the
toast it Is stupid.
• •       •
To  Join   a  small   group,   like   the
"throe Tooloy street tailors" of English fame, In which all are agreed
upon the exact stops which must be
ascended lo Industrial froodom and to
continually throw .bouquets at each
other as HavlHfe the only panacea
that will bring about the new millenium, is as also easy and senseless.
BUt thon something more tangible,
more Intelligent and reasonable, Is
noedod to accomplish beneficial results. Industrial education and organization are tho only steps to freedom
and progressive manhood. They go
hand in hand together. Enlightenment will oast Cfff old prejudices, sup
erstitions and traditions which keep
vnrious groups of workers apart when
their aims and objects are to attain
the samo end. Industrial knowe
must needs be a help to the wage-
workers and bread-winner to furnish
the skill required for successful production and to have confidence In
• •        •
Those wbo join a union to-day becauso thoy hope to get moro for a
day's work will hive an opportunity
in   make   thoir   crltfclsms   count   to
wards more constructive work which
the non-unionist does not share.
Workers outside labor organizations
who "throw stones" and chuckle at
the short-comings of those belonging to unions, are stoning themselves.
Their Interests are co-ordinated with
those of all wage-earners, and holding aloof from an organization Is
against their own intorests. Even in
the most conservative and reactionary
trade union one will come into contact with ordinary assiduous men,
whose activities will sharpen the wits,
dissipate illusons and prejudices, develop confidence and co-operation and
mako the chance for progress greater.
The workingman who, detaches from
all intellectual contacts with his fellowmen, except those he works with,
gives himself up to dlsfellowship and
hopelessness. This spoils the end.
*       •       *
Nowadays competition in wages Is
suicidal to workers and their families.
Everyone who produces is entitled to
better than the living wage. This can
only be remedied through the activity
and hard work of the union. Thus
it Is the bounden duty for every wage-
earner, skilled and unskilled alike, to
join tha organization of his craft or
calling. There may be isolated instances where this doos not apply,
but it applies to the great masses in
general. Workers should road literature and become familiar with the
whole labor situation and workers
'<\-f* world over. The world ls full of
ignorant men and women and fools,
but they must be tolerate*, D" their
betters. To give and take means progress and In ihe end victory for fhe
cause of  i&tcr.
■ JS£Pt
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed ls accepted by the management.]
ltadlcal Books.
Editor B. C. Federationist: Would
you kindly inform me where I can
obtain books about "evolution and
psychology," from a radical's point
of view, and oblige. .STUDENT.
Vancouver, B. C. Dec. 12, 1923.
[Note.—-Write to f harles H. Kerr &
Co., book publishers 341-349 East
Ohio street, Chicago, for catalogue,
Hours of Labor
(Continued from Pags 1)
it four-fifths of employees consent
India.—Law limits 60 hours a week
in industries covered by factory act.
Government has under consideration
54-honr week for underground mine
Japan.—No legal restriction on
working hours of adult males. Women
and young persons under 16 years
of age,  11 hours a day.
South Africa.—Workers over 16
yearB of age in all mechanical industries, nine and a half hours s
day, and 50 a week. Gold miners,
eight hour day, 48 hour week. Collective agreements in building and
printing trades, work less than 48
Australia.—The Eight-hour day was
secured first in New South Wales
and Victoria ln 1866, In Queensland
lu 1858, in South Australia in 1878, in
Tasmania in 1874, and ln Western
Australia in 1896, The Australian
Year Book gives the average number
of hours worked per week in 1914 as
48.87 and In 1921 as 46.22, the tendency being towards an eight-hour day
for five days and four hours on Saturday or 44 hours a week.
Now Zealand.—A statutory 45-hour
week for women and young persons
was enacted In 1891. Ih 1881, legal
work day of men in factories, 48
hours a week, eight and three-quarters
day. Overtime, by consent of factory Inspector,   time  and  a quarter.
Moxlco,—Several states have enacted eight-hour day and a weekly
rest day.
Panama.—In 1914, law enacted establishing the principle of eight hours
a day for induatrlal and commercial
employees, 48 hours a week not imposed.    Overtime allowed.
Costa Rica.—Eight hours a day in
factories and workshops, commercial
and office employees, 10 a day. Overtime rate, time and a quarter.
Argentine.—In four of 14 provinces,
legal work-day eight hours, 48 a week
In 1922, 64,143 workers In Buenos
Aires averaged eight hours and two
minutes a day. In 1921 tho chamber
of deputies enacted an eight-hour day
and 48 hour week in commercial and
industrial undertakings.
Brazil.—In big industrial centres,
the eight-hour day and 48 hour week
Is  woll   established.
Chill.—Anticipating adoption of bill
several Industries hnve adopted the
eight hour day.
H-iiiailor.—No employer can compel
an employee to work more than eight
hours In onc day, or more than six
days a week. Overtime at punitive
Pchi,—..A decree establishes tho
eight-hour *ir*y In a largo number of
industries, No provision for a 48-
liour week or for overtime. An act
limits employment of women and
minors to eight In a day and 45 in a
('nigtmy.—Fixed legal eight-hour
day and 48-hour weok for Industrial,
commercial and maritime workera
In continuous Industries, 56 hours
week nllowed.
Editor B. C. FeieraUenist: I have
read with Interest the various scientific articles on evolution in recent
issues of your valuable paper by Dr.
W. Curry. These contributions and
Friday evening lectures at the hall,
303 Pender street west, furnish the
publio an opportunity which should
not be neglected. Some twenty years
ago I accepted evolution as a scien^
Uflc fact—the only rational explanation of the wonderful universe of
which our own planet forms a minute
part, That the germ is in the atom
from which the universe is built and
that the planets of our solar system
were thrown off from the sun is a
wonderful thought. When we recognize this fact a kinship is at once
established. "All are but parts of
one harmonious whole." In the beginning the sun was our father. We
are his children, not because o* what
we believe, but because of our origin,
It is quite in accordance with our conception of fatherhood that the life
giver should become the llfe-Bustalner.
So through all the ages, dear old sol
haa never for one moment been off
his job. The ancient inhabitants of
Inca worshipped the sun. Was their
religion inspired? In view of the
findings and verdict of science there
would seem to be some ground for
such a belief. Is there a common
ground where the scientist and theo
logian can meet? I have thought of
this problem a good deal and have
come to the conclusion that the
rather complex situation might be
capable of solution. In order to accomplish so desirable a goal It li
necessary that each contending party
make concessions. The fact that both
scientist and theologian have been
mistaken in times past should tend
to make both partlea less dogmatic,
As a matter of fact, some concessions
have been already made. Many modern theologians are evolutionists.
Whilst according to Sir Conan Doyle
some fifty scientists have endorsed
spiritualism sufficiently to believe in
a future existence. Personally I believe in the evolution of mind and
soul, either in another plane of existence or through various Incarnations. I base my belief of future existence on the subconsciousness of the
universe. I believe that "there Is a
natural body and there ia a spiritual
body." This spiritual body whilst living in the same organism as the natural, is nevertheless capable, even on
this plane, of living for a time apart
from the body. This has been Illustrated many timea through the Yogi
practice in India. Annlmatlon has
been suspended and the body has been
buried. After five or six days the
spiritual man, or subconscious man,
has been brought back to take possession of the body again. This ls
not mythology. The facts ln a number of casoa are vouched for. There
is a point where scientist and theologian alike come to the unknowable.
It la therefore up to the religious enthusiast to lay aside his superstitions
and the miraculous. To believe ln
uhlversal salvation for all, forgetting
the old creed of salvation for the
few by belief in an antiquated dogma. Let the scientist remember that
there is a limit to final knowledge
and that things are not what they
seem. The scientist has converted
many mediums to evolution. But the
medium, likewise, has brought a few
scientists to believe in a future existence. Sir Conan Doyle says that,
"tho same forces that brought me
from orthodoxy to materialism have
brougbt me from materialism to
North Vancouver B. C. Doc. 13, 1923
sided. I say print and argue adverse
criticism, Unions should affiliate and
back each other, especially on formation when the starters are almost sure
to get fired. Stabilize labor, educate
debaters and organizers as follows:
Trades and Labor.—Appoint delegates to this body; pass on all schedules, no strike declared without their
sanction, etc., organization, etc.
Amalgamated Unions.—Represent'
ing delegates from' each separate union indirectly connected, as B. C, E,
represented by carmen, tracklayers,
electricians, etc,
Separate Unions.—To draw schedules appoint delegates to above, to forward series of resolutions to above
bodies for ratification etc., which can
be referred back for discussion,
Social Club.—Representing all unions, to debate, read, games etc; to
produce public sympathy and Interest,
ThuB control grievances, strikes,
etc., as all would bo involved; guarantee fulfilment of schedules; politically organize. In general, concentrate  for the benefit of all.
Vancouver, B. C, Dec. 11, 1923.
To Savo tlio World
Editor, B. C. Federationist; Only
four classes will save the world and
these threo ministers. Dr. Westwood
left the Methodist church becauae
the church and religion never done
any good. Rev. Dr. Price said he
left the Methodists and Congregational churches for the same reasons.
He was a pharlsee, though for 14
years he was a preacher, but he has
done more good these last two or
three years he has been working for
the Lord. His • preach!rig stands
for "now's the time." The Rev.
Smith Wrigleswortli, the last evangelist, has also left the churches and
religion. He is most wonderful with
lho rapid healing us he haa been in
it  longer  than  Dr.  Price.
This is wby the lour classes—that
havo left the churches and religion
—will catch onto lhe bible lessons
and the healing much quicker than
all tbe churches and all the religions,
which will save a terrible mix-up.
I know what I'm writing about
through a terrible nervous breakdown.
A lady by the name of Miss Vance
told me to go to Dr. Wostwood's
meeting in O'Brien hall. And this
is where I first heard him preach
"God's holy word" in the bible. I
knew right away it was what we
class workers have been looking for.
No minister can pass him in his
teaching. I tried to get most of the
ministers to get lessons from him,
and when Dr. Price came I went
down three times a day. There I
saw wonderful cures—such as the
lame walking; the blind seeing, and
all the other diseases cured. Dr.
Price said he did not know himself
how God did it. I^e alao said If
we put our faith in him (Dr. Price)
our healing waa gone. I also went
to Dr. Wriglesworth's the few dayB
He was here; his heating was much
more rapidly done. It ls too much
to explain how it worka, as -the rapid
healers are not here. We must take
up the bible lessons by Rev. West-
wood, aB he la already' here, and tt
is Up to either the union men or the
returned soldiers to let him In one
of the halls. No ministers have any
use for him. On the other side,
they nre struggling hard to find
where the trouble lies. The minis-
tors do not need to feel hurt at the
explanation of my healing, as I'll explain later how they hurt the class
workers.    Yours truly,
(Mrs.) T. SPEAR.
1606 Eleventh avenuo east, Vancouver,  B.  C,  Nov.  27,  1923.
FRIDAY December 14, 1923
Wit and Humor
Civilized Sioux
The Sioux Indian thinks his offence can be nullified by a defence.
Likewise  many white men.
Life   is   full   of   disappointments.
Nothing ever comes off but buttons,
New System
First Voter.—We need a new system
of taxation.
Second Voter.—But—is there a new
system ?
Fed Up
Why did you throw, Antonio,
The orange at the man?
All time he whissla damn fool Bong:
"Yes,  gotta  no  banan'."
Whito Fangs
Tho dentist who had failed to collect the long overdue account turned
for a parting shot: "Not only do you
refuse to pay, but you lose your
temper *&nd gnash a man's own teeth
at him!"
Picking tho Sinners
You  think  Crimson  Gulch   has a
great future?
"Yep," answered Cactus Joe. "AU
tho boys want to get rlii of the undesirable element. It'a takln'. time,
tlio, and some rough work, owin' to
the differences of opinion as to who
he Is."—Washington Star.
Friendly Agreement
Comedian—Look 'ere! I objects to
goin'  on just after the monkey act.
Manager—Well perhaps you're
right. They hight think you were an
encore.—London Telegraph.
A Sinner that Repented
A school presided over by a very
harsh and bad-tempered teacher had
a visit one afternoon from the bishop
of the diocese.
The bishop, a genial soul, called before him a white-faced urchin who
was very much cowed and depreBt by
an undeserved punishment he had received that morning.
"My boy," said the bishop, In eloquent tones, "who made this great
and glorious earth of ours, and set the
sun, moon, and stars ln the wonderful firmament?"
The white-faced boy began to blubber.
"I did," he said, "but I won't do
it again."—Christian Advocate.
Somo   Facte and   Figures   Brought
to Public's Notice During
[By Dan Griffiths in London Herald]
Sixty-five thousand persons in this
country receive over £2500 each annually.
Two hundred and fifty thousand
persons in thla country receive over
£1000 annually.
There are 280 millionaires and 1300
semi-millionaires In the United Kingdom.
A few poor ex-Judges and ex-statesmen cost us £90,000 per annum.
One thousand two hundred miners
and 450 railwaymen are killed annually In, this country.
Twenty per cent, of our homes are
a menace to public health.
All Changed
We wish to announce to the public
an old atore—but a new policy. After
years of square dealing and faithful
service to the people of thia city and
surrounding community—We announce to the public a change ln policy.—Classified advertisement in
Charleston  Gazette.
Art With a Moral
Picture Dealer,—A picture for a
wedding present? Yes, sir! Here's
the very thing, most charming, "The
Coming Storm!"—Passing Show.
Brides  originality shows   through
her wedding   costume.—Heading   ln
Mountain News,
So Mortality Statistics Indicate
The locomotive not only has the
right of way, but can always prove
Somewhat tbo Same
"Been able to get any coal?"
"No; but I've subscribed to another
Sunday newspaper."—Life.
American Federation of Labor Is
to Appeal to Membership
on Their Behalf
A New York despatch says that
financial aid for the stricken trade
unions of Germany will be sought by
the A. F. of L, through an appeal to
lis membership, President Samuel
Gompers announced nftor a conferenco
of local and international union lead
ers In that city, tl wan pointod out
that 10 por cent of a day's pay of
affiliated tniion members, when translated Into Gorman marks, would ko
far towards maintaining the German
'rude union movement wh,oae very
existence Is threatened by the depreciation  of lho murk.
Wants Affiliation.
Editor B. C. Federationist: Your
paper lacks ono essential, by not having an open workers' correspondence;
in all papers this is eagerly looked
for. A closed paper, from an observer's
point of view, appears like dictatorship, and results in throat cutting.
By lack of organization, this election
might result in Owen being elected,
through Pettlplece and Taylor splitting votes. As shown by tho provincial party, dissatisfaction is general.
Workers are not educated to the ballot, Tho result of tbo gas workers
strike a few years ago, and now the
longshoremen, will further split this
ballot. Labor is full of dissensions and
suspicious of what few leaders it has.
No ono seems to have a policy broad
enough to combine and have a general affiliation of workers' interests.
No union is capable without unity of
action. , What ia wrong wilh the
sawmills, hospitals, clerks, otc? The
unorganized wage-earners exceed
the organized. Whenever a union tries
to obtain better conditions, and strikes
many are ready to replace them. The
day has passed when a particular
body is ossentlal to operate modern
machinery. Anyone with brains can
be quickly trained for the job. The
ballot Is essentia] and orgnnization
nnd education nro necessary. A papor
must be of  public  Interest,  not one-
is the moit convincing. Oet to know
by personal experience that the nice
things we say about "Cascade" Beer
are not exaggerated, Prove to yourself that this IS the finest beer brewed
in the west, that it IS a most delightful
tonic to mind and body, a bringer of
good cheer and content
Order a supply of "Catcade"
today. On tale at all Government Liquor Storei.
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
In the blew sDoll
A large assortment of dressed and undressed Dolls,
Teddy Bears, Novelty Toys, ete.
Undressed Baby Dolls, from 65*^ to $5.75.
French Jointed Dolls, with real hair, sleeping eyes,
and teeth—$2.95 to $10.00.
Fur Bulb Toys, Rabbits or Dogs—50^.
Volland Picture and Story Books. Tales to suit
every child; price $1.00.'
Dressed Dolls from 60^ to $14.50.
Teddy Bears, jointed legs, movable heads; some are
squeakers; others growlers; in 8 sizes—65«> to
Other useful gifts in thc Children's Shop, including
mitts, booteeB, bibs, caps, bonnets, rompers, baby
shoes, pillow covers; moderately priced.
# —-Second Floor
575 Granville Street Pbone Seymonr 3540
A Union Is Whut You Make It
Some men Imagine tlmt a union
comes out of the sky, and that it Is
made to order. This is a fallacy
which only active participation in
union affairs can destroy. Why not
be an active member, instead of a
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liquor
Control Board or by the Oovernment of British Columbia.
14th Anniversary Sale
Big Surprise Values
COME to tho "Famous" during this
wonderful sale—you will get more for
your dollar than ever before. Beautiful
dressos for Christmas, luxurious Fur
Coats for the sold weather that's coming,
modish suits and skirls—all at remark*
ablo sale prices.
Famous Sa
Ring np Phone Seymour 2SM
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Snle*   301   Dominion   Building
"How wonderful Is the human voice.
It is Indeed the organ of the soul,"
UTT 18 Indeed the organ of the soull"
X Eaeh inflection of your voice hss *
meaning for thoso who know you. Nothing may substitute tor it. Tour voice is
you I
Whon you have nows for a friend—
whon a business matters needs attention—
when you wisji to bring Joy to thoso at
homo—send your voice—yourself—on the
All this company's telephone* are available day and night.
LTAVE yon ever had a real drink
" of Pure Apple Older during the
last few years?
To meet the desires of many clients,
we have introduced resently a pure clear
sparkling apple elder In pint bottles,
either pure sweet or government regulation -% hard apple elder. These drinks
are absolutely pure and freo from all
carbonic acid gaa or preservatives of
any nature. Write or phono your order
today, Highland 90.
Older Manufacturers
1955 Commercial Drive, Vancouver, B. 0.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
,01-408 M.tropolltan Bnlldlni
8S7 B_>t__|, St. W. VABOOUVBB. B. 0.
T.lepHon.i: S.-monr Itet ul 1(67
1110 Oaoifia Stmt
Sanday ier?lom, 11 ..in. Mil TiSO n.m.
Similar "cbool Imm.dlntoly following
morning aervice. Wedjieiday teottmonta]
"•"•tlm. 1 pm. Tree ruling room.
901*903  Birkl Bldg.
B. F. Harriett
 Finn. F___no_e 08
Cigar Store
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Ratea Reasonable
"A Good Pineo to Eat"
Tno Short Worda, Bridging the Gulf Between
Hav. yoa protected yonreelf ud yonr family agalnat eueh aa emergency,
•Itk a SA VINOS AOOOOHT—tk. moat valiabl. Aiut a man au bave far
tk. "BAI-tT DAT."
Wa 8TB0N0LY BIOOM1KND ron to atari auk u account AT OH0B,
at on. of onr Oity Branebea.
BASTIMOS ud SEYMODB <_oe. I. Barnaul, Keatger
Oordova anl Abbott Main ut Htb An. Kala aal Broadway
Union Bank of Canada
P.B.—If yon are living fn a community not provided with Banking faollltlea, addreu ua by mail, ud wa will be glad to guide you in reapeot to "Banking by Mall."
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
Phones:   Sey. 7421 and Sey, 4490
1129 HOWE ST. VANCOUVER, B. C. |DAY December 14, 19_8
m_T_B_.N*ra tear. no. bo BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouvbr, b. c.
1VTOW you can have your teeth
•^ put right at half the usual cost.
My speeial half-price offer has
been extended owing to the large
number of people taking advantage of it.
Nothing but the finest of materials
and work will be embodied under this
offer, and to every patient I give my
15-year Guarantee in Writing
The offer Includes every brunch of
Hygienic Crowns and Bridgework, Expression Plates, Fillings and Extractions, Pyorrhoea Treatments, Dental
X-Ray Films and Diagnosis.
Call for my Half-price estimate—no obligutloii to take treatment
unless you wish.
Formerly momber of the faculty of the College of Dentistry, University of
Southern California; lecturer on Crown and Bridgework; demonstrator in
Platework and Operative Dentistry, local and goneral anesthesia.
(Corner Seymour)
Phone Seymonr 3331.   Open Tuesday and Friday evenings.
Vancouver Unions
Imncil — President, R. H. Neelands, M.
; general secretary, Percy R. Bengongh.
Ic: 306, 310 Fender St. Wost. Phone Sey,
I>. Meets in Labor Hall at 8 p,m, on
[first and third Tuesdays in month.
oeta socond Monday In the month.    Pre-
tt, J. R. White; Bocretary, R. H. Neel-
P. 0. Box "
Street     West—Buslnesi     meetings
w   Wednesday   evening.     A.   Maclnnis,
■■man;   E. H, Morrison, sec-treas.;  Geo.
garrison, 1182 Parker Street, Vancouver,
corresponding secretary.
at district ln British Columbia desiring
rmation ra securing speakers or tbe for-
pn of local branches, kindly communicate
Provlnolal   Secretary J. Lyle Telford.
'Birks   Bldg.,   Vancouver,   B.   C.    Tele-
Baymour 1332, or fsirmont 4113a.
cond Thursday every month, 31S Pender
nt   West.      President,   J.   Brightwell;
clal secretary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth
■« Union bf America—-Local 120, ■'''an-
jr, B. C, meets second and foarth '.'. di-
in each month in Room 318—310 Ven*
Street West. President, 0. E. Herr tt,
llsstUigii tit root East; seoretary, A. R,
320 Cambie Street.    Shop phone, Sey.
I. Resid'-nce phone, Doug. 2171R.
lIormw'.iT.i, Iron Shipbuilders and Help*
>( America, Local 194—Meetings first
third Mondays in eaoh month. Presl-
P. Willis; secretary, A. Fraser. Office:
i 808—819 Pondtr Street West. Office
9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 5 p.m
oklftyers   or   masons   fur   boiler  worka,
or marble letters, phone Bricklayers'
Labor Temple. __
raff Brotherhood of carpen-
[RS and Joiners, Local 452—President,
I. Hatley; recording seoretary, W. Page;
lata agent, Wm. Dunn. Offloe: Room
r-319 Pender Street West. Meets second
fourth Mondays, 8 p-m., Room S, 810
i ur Street West.       	
bird Fridays In eaoh month, at 14B Cor-
Street West. President, David Cuthlll,
Albert Streot; secretary-treasurer, Oeo,
ison, _1182 Parker Street.	
lam   and  Operating,   Local   844—Meets
1 Thursday at 8 p-m., Room 807 Labor
■tie, president, J, Flynn; business agent
Bnaneial seeretary, F. S. Hunt; recording
]tary, D. Hodges.         ^_
-sident, Neil MacDonald, N). 1 Firehall;
fry, 0. A. Watson, No. 3 Firehall.
fiRAL liAliOl.-T-S UNION— MBBXft
try flrst and tbird M<-._day ln room 312—
Pender Strjot West. President, J, B.
hornei fliii.ii.-i. seoretary, A, Padgham,
> Road Post Office, Vancouvor, B. C;
ding iecretary, G.  Tether,  2249- -46th
Bast, Vi.ncbuver, B. C	
lon, Local 28—441 Seymonr Streot.
first and third Wednesdays at 2:30
Qijond   and   fourth   Wednesdays   at
Ip.Bi. Executivo board meet.i every
ay at 3 p.m. Preaident, W. A. Colmar'
ess agent, A. Graham.    Phone Seymour
I Steam and Operating, Looal 882—
■ every Wednesday at 8 p.m., Room
■Abor Temple. Prosidcnt, Charles Pr'ce;
\eu agent and financial secretary, F. L.
recording secretary, J. T. Venn
IINISTS LOOAL 182—President, Lee
Irge; seoretary, J, G. Keefe; business
' P. R. Bengough. Offlce: 809, 319
ir Street West, MeetB In Room 813—
Render Stroet West, on firat and third
Jjaya ln month.	
llNISTS LOOAL 692—Preildent, Ed.
|r*on; secretary, R. Hint; busineu
P. R. Bengough. Offlee: 809—319
■t Street WeBt. MeetB in Room 8—
■ender Street Wost, on second and 4th
|tys In month.
ION, Local 145, A. V. of M.—Meets at
' Hall, Homer Stroet, second Snnday,
a.m. President, Ernest C. Miller, 991
Street; Becrotary, Edward Jamleson,
Bison Street; financial secretary, W. E.
ni, 991 Nelson Strent; organiser, F.
ir, 901 Nolson Street. 
'.8 and Paperhangers of America, Loeal
'ancouver—Meets Snd and 4th Thun-
148 Coxdova Street Wost. Phone,
|f> 10.    Business Agent, H. D. Collsrd
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
At the Orpheum
Benny Leonard, idol of the world
of sports and popular lightweight
.hampton of the world, is feature attraction at the Orpheum next week.
He attained great prominence aB an
entertainer at the New.Tork winter
garden. Benny ls a cleancut personable * young chap, a good dancer
and comedian of parts.. Herman Timbers and Brother Sammy also run
strongly to comedy. Their act,
"Little Bits" ls hugely entertaining.
Johnnie Burke Is another comedian,
whose account of being drafted into
the army Is a veritable scream of
merriment. Harry Kahne, billed as
history's greatest mentallst, is just
that. He Is In a class by hlmt-nlf for
he is more thun a mathematician.
"Thank You Doctor," a one-act comedy play; Ariel's aerial artistes; Cavanaugh and Cooper, in their act "Vis-
Ions," are other big attractions. The
usual feature pictures and concert
orchestra complete this splendid holiday bill which runs strongly to comedy throughout,
U**[By T. W. MOORE]****
PROPAGANDA, like the ether, is4
everywhere. It has never been
found possible to do without it, since
ruling classes In order to develop cohesion and individuality ln that mammoth corpora'tlon that we call a nation, are compelled to find some
means of directing the mental attitude of the masses; and speaking
metaphorically we are justified in
saying that lh countries where machinery is highly developed the means
they have discovered is a huge political machine with its power-belts
whirling in every.nook and cranny of
society in atl its intricate ramifications as it manufactures suitable mental attitudes for the masses quite as
effectually as our modern well-equipped factories produce raiment sufficient for regulation needs of man ln
whatever section of "Shakospear's
Seven Ages" he may happen to be
Propaganda is often Intended to
inspire a love of one's country and
all that one's country typifies including, of course, our various Institutions; propaganda therefore is Intended to Inspire a love of our institutions.
Our institutions however, whloh
are incidental to the production and
sale of commodities and are regarded
by the people as mediums conducive
to the continuous employment of the
masses, seem to be quite inadequate
for that purpose; therefore propaganda might very well be regarded
by them as intended to inspire people
with a blind love for these institutions
of uncertain utility, where, by right,
an attitude of criticism should be
adopted Instead of that unswerving
loyalty that we are wont to thoughtlessly bestow when we make our examination through eyes of prejudice
fixed on the folds of a silk flag popularly described as follows:
Tls only an old bit of bunting,
'Tis only an old coloured rag;
But thousands have died in its honor,
Who gave their best blood for the
Tho fact that the institutions theyjadai following the example of Europe,
died   for  may be how out  of  date|are   pretending   to   apotheosize   the
those who help themselves" is a proverb of international repute. .
"We have many delightfully cultured
people to-day that is, speaking comparatively.    It ls permissible to use
,„   . ,tne word "comparatively" since raet-
These again are still further em-1 aphorically speaking there is an ir-
Phasized by, lectures to boy-scouts, reparable and conspicuous flaw in the
selections from English literature, or
by patriotic songs heard at soirees
and other convivial meetings;
Hearts of oak are our ships;
Hearts of oak are our men.
We'll fight and we'll conquer
Again arid again.
When Bhall their glory fade?
O the wild charge they made!
All the world wonder'd\
Three cheers for the Red, White and
Brltains never, never shall be slaveB!
ThiB last quotation would be best
of all lf the author had only made a
distinction between wage and chattel
When the boy leaves school, these
poetic effusions, together with the
biographies of so-called great men
that punctuate the pages of history
are further emphasized by the environment out of doors.
"There is hardly a large oity in
Europe or to a less extent on this
continent that wouldn't be quite disfigured if the statues of her great
politicians of warriors were suddenly
torn down.
There ls no doubt about it; the trees
of the forest would ail be turned into
monuments if capitalism could afford it; but since she cannot we must
fain be content with a cenotaph, to
remind us not only of the lrrepair-
able loss of our honoured dead, but
to keep constantly before our minds
the barbarous slaughter entailed by
those deaths which when the devil
saw, according to the poet he was
highly elated:
Then   long  and   loudly   laughed   he,
Methinks they have little need of
They are doing my work so well
For the field rah so red with the
blood of the dead,
That  it  blushed  like  the  waves  of
The cenotaph, however, is not the
only emblem of its kind. We in Can'
Hand your neighbor this copy or
The Federatlonist, and then call
uround next day for a subscription.
■c Builders, Local No. 2404—Meets at
Hastings Street West evory Friday, -at 8
1 Jas. Thompson, financial secretary.
J-ova St. West, P. 0. Box 571. Phone
■703.    Meetings ovory Monday at 7:30
■Q. Campbell, bflhlnogs agent,	
[Mooting nights, first Tueaday and Srd
of each month at headquarters, 316
a Street West. President, D. GUles-
ice-presidont, John Johnson; seoretary*
rer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Cor
ptivot West. Branch agent's address;
Faulkner,   570 Johnson Street, VtC'
■: C. 
eos, Flonoor Division, No. 101—Meets
Hall, Eighth and Kingsway, 1st and
ondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m. pre-
P. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarice Drive;
ng aocrotary, F. E. Griffin, 447^8th
last; treasurer, A F. Andrew; flnan-
oret&ry and business agent, W. H. Cot-
.86—17th Ave. W. Office, corner Prior
ain Streets, Phono Fairmont 450417
rle'a, Local No. 178—Meetings held
Tondny in each month, 8 p.m. Presl-
A. R. Gatenby; vice-president, Mrs.
recording secretary, C. McDonald, P.
; 503; financial secretary, F, McNelsh.
Box   508. ;
^N—Meeta at 091 NoMn Street, at ll
the Tuesday preceding tho 1st Sun-
i the month. President, E. A. Jamie-
RI Nolson St.: Secretary, 0. H. WH-
[Obi  Nc'son St;  Business Agent,   F.
tr, 991 Nelson St.	
pUPHIOAL UNION, No. 228—Presl-
R. P. Pftliiiloco: vico-president, J.
■an; secre tary-treasurer, R. H. Noo-
IP, 0. Box 66. Meets last Snuday of
[ninth  at 2  p.m. in Labor Hall,  319
Street West-	
■ON, No. 413—President, S. D. Mac-
M. secretary .treasurer, ,7. M. Campbell,
Blox RHQ.   Meets last Thursday of each
Cotillion Hall, Dominion Hall, Holly-
burn Dance Pavilion, Laurel Court,
Luster Court, Lodge Cafe, Moose Hull,
O'Brien's Hall, Orpheum Cafo, Willow
Her Street West. Business meetings
Plst aad Srd Wednesday evory month.
Starting Wednesday Night
The   Greatest  Lightweight  Champion
the World Hab Known
 In   "DRAFTED''
_        THE ARLEYS, Aerlallnta
in "Visions"
In   "Littlo Bit*"
Attractive Pictures   Concert Orchestra
Popular Prices
Seymour   862
M. Cnrpenrfalc, corresponding secretnry; G.
Tether, financial Becrotary; J. Hnlliday,
bnmch organizer.
does not seem to occur to the impulsive patriot.
Notwithstanding all this, however,
propaganda is necessary. Monarchists
and republicans, conservatives and
radicals, agree on this point no less
than does the most advanced type of
government ln the world—the semi-
socialist government of soviet Russia,
in whose case we may safely say
that success ln her mammoth experiment will undoubtedly induce her to
continue a campaign against the diminishing Ignorance of her people until
the heart of every citizen, realizing
the glory of his position as one of
the pioneers of the new order, vibrates with passion at the mention of
the word "fatherland," meaning:
Where'er a human spirit strives
After a life more true and grand
There Is the true man's birth-place
His Is a world-wide father-land,
Propaganda, however, can nevor be
Ideal until the material interests of
the ruling classes cease to be antagonistic to those of the common-
people, and this condition can only
obtain when the ruling-class are
mado up of the large majority of
the populations of their respective
countries or ln other words when
circumstances compel them to adopt
a system of "production for use."
In the meantime the propaganda
that we must deal with, ls that In
vogue at the present day. It would be
Interesting to survey our position in
this respect and compare ourselves
with other groups of the world's
We are, of course, a baby amongst
the nations; still taking into consideration the fact that we are a baby
nobody can deny that for our age,
we are wonderfully discreet, and being bo we naturally take care that
our future loyal citizens commence
to Imbibe suitable propaganda at
their mothers' knees; that all their
lives they keep on drinking it to such
an extent that in the majority of
cases they are only weaned by tho re-
turn of their worn-out bodies to the
beneficient  bosom of Mother  Earth,
Tho metaphqiUcol liquid referred
tn is a homeopathic concoction, and
is dispensed discreetly for the first
time, at least publicly through the
pages of our school readers; and why
not? Are not tho schools the nurseries of tho state? The first part of
"book 1" is a primer, tho second, a
When the timo arrives lhat the ex-
baby graduates from tho receiving
class he is supposed to be able to
road very simple English. At this
point all tho letters of the alphabet
are grouped together for the first
lime. "I have said my A B C" says
the little one, after he reads the
lesson, and light hero is the place
to introduce the propaganda, while
the brain is most sensitive to now impressions. Tho following is the medium of its accomplishment:
Land of our Birth, wc pledge to thee
Our love and toil in jours to be,
When   we  are  grown  and   take   our
As  men   and   womon  of  our  race.
On the next page is the Union Jack
with explanations appended:
Red says: be brave
Blue says: be true
Whilo says: be pure
Tho opening pages of all the other
readers aro adorned with patriotic
portrayals, including the pictures of
the King, tho Prince of Walos, the
Fathers of Confederation, and others
well calculated to strengthen and aid
in developing tho first impressions
imbibed from tlio poetry already mentioned as prescribed for the "baby"
common soldier whom at the same
time we allow to find his way Into
tho bread-line.
Proof of this may be had by a visit
to the Vancouver museum at the
Carnegie library where one may see
in a picture the odious comparison
between two men, supposed in each
case to have had the great honour
of "laying down his life for hla
friends" according to the text quoted
beneath. (I shall leave out the religious aspect of the case.) One waa
the unconquered Nazarene who, with
chance after chance to compromise,
defied every effort of the exploiters
of his countrymen to compel him to
forego his detested propaganda tn the
interests of the people and who faced
an agonizing death rather than yield
a hairs-breadth to the forces of re
action; the other a typical soldier
and therefore a conscript and
ordinary man who died, and had to
die, only secondarily for his country,
but primarily to safeguard the material interests of the few who possess most of the wealth.
A man of this description ls often
quite unsophisticated and when
pressed by circumstances considers
it no dishonour to virtually trade his
political support for a "heeler's" favour incidental to the sale of a paltry
ostate or to a Job on the government
construction gang.
The comparison of such a man to
Christ is the extreme limit of bombastic and superlatively nauseating
But the panygerlcal inscription-
"Greater love hath no man than this
than when a man lays down his life
for his friends"—when applied to the
soldier, if it does not make a strong
impression on the surviving men it has
a great effect on his relatives who
often take the words at their face
value "and under the spoil," says Dr,
Taylor, In "The God of War" pago 120,
commenting on similar conditions
olsewhere. "Tender women of all
lands are:
Happy to give their darling sons
To feed tho hunger of the guns."
And thus by means of propaganda
that distorts motives and creates false
impressions political and military re
emits are always at hand to save
their country for democracy as the
financier seos lt, and in days gone by
when capitalism was in Its primo th
financier was right.
Indeed, we ean hardly doubt that
'even to-day ho is a very superior man
in his own particular line. It might
bc that ho is one of the "bettors"
ferred to when we are udvised in a
certain catechism to "submit ourselves
lowly and reverently to all our bettors." But beforo submitting ourselves we must as men first appeal to
reason for permission and seek
answer in tho grand total of the results of the manipulations of tlie
world's brotherhood of financiers that
onded up in tho development of the
ghnstllost war that was ever known
in history.
Por the most part propaganda
from time immemorial lms been pregnant with the fallacious idea that the
salvation of the world depends on
tho education and culture of tho few
who would then having acquired (contrary to all experience) a delightful
unselfishness, exercise a beneficient
paternal control ovor tbe affairs of
the race; but experlennOo has abundantly proved that under such circumstances tho tendency Is to grow supercilious on thc one hand and servile
on tho other.
Emerson warns his i-eadors more
than onco against tho degrading habil
of accepting favours or receiving gifts
undor these circumstances. "God helps
fabric  on  which they rest,  and indirectly ln themselves.
This may easily be Illustrated by
comparing Humanity to a pyramid
witk the diminutive fraction embracing the so-called cultured at the apex.
However repulsive the simile may
appear those at the top are in a similar position to the inmates of a high-
class boarding school who lived ln a
building the entire basement of which
was occupied by monkles that knew
nothing about the laws of hygiene. No
amount of culture can render them
immune from the contamination emanating from below; nor can their
culture itself escape from the stigma
of helping tb keep the base of the
pyramid In a semi-putrid condition,
ahd for that there Is no real remedy
under the auspices of our present institutions. The best, one can do, ls
to gelt as far away as possible from
the bottom and mercifully try to Introduce into the lowest strata a mental anodyne of some sort, calculated
td counteract the misery.
This ls actually done in cases of
extreme distress as in war-time when
the poet creates illusions, and garbs
them in becoming verbiage to suit
the mental attitude of the war-weary
one, as witness the following:
God knows I am no thinker,
And I never was before,
But I know now why I'm fighting;
It's to put an end to war.
With this idea in his mind, the
unfortunate warrior, like the lunatic
who happily imagines he is a minister
of finance to a mighty government,
Is filled with gladness in the possession of the ridiculous Idea tbat he
and his Ilk are fighting to put an
end to war. Another hero is heartened by a similar delusion as follows:
Here's the biggest Job that happened
Since the human race began
We are making this world over
As a decent place for man.
Verily the lower part of the human
pyramid Is well stocked with propaganda. It is plainly to be seen that
the whole fabric can be clean and
wholesome, only when all its parts
are in that condition. Nor can they
ever be so until the means of development are at the disposal of the whole
To those who regard the develop1
ment of society as complete when
the apex of the pyramid of which it
is built is imbued with a culture that
seems high owing to distorted frames-
of-mind, I would recommend the
study of the analogous position of
certain African negroes who imagine
the whole body ls beautified when
the ear is adorned by an expanded
hole pierced in the lobe—a hole that
to people outside the tribe has the appearance of tho most grotesque ugliness.
The condition of the common-people and for that matter of most of
the others too, ls the result of en'
vironment, modified greatly by the
power of endless propaganda.
This propaganda would be sufficiently modified to render It harmless
if the crowd only read the labor and
socialist papers, but they will not, and
consequently are unable to see the
cause of many of their troubles that
would otherwise be quite clear.
The capitalist papers are like the
subject of a sentence with the verb
"to be" as predicate: they have no
menning until the complement ls
added. The labour and allied papers
are that complement.
Children's   Knee   Quia   Bouts,   6   to
10 J4, at  $2.26
Boys'   Knee   Gum   Boots,   11   to   13.
at |2.fii)
Women's Knee Gum Hools,  2%  to 7,
at  $3.26
Mon's Knee Gum Hoots, fl to 11 $4.45
Men's   nil-wool   E-inevOiess   Vustn,   in
maroon, fawn and brown, nt — $2.75
Men's Knit Ties 60c to $1.26
Men's  Siik  Flowing-end Ties,  60c  lu
A new stock of Arrow Shirts Just in.
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys'  Furnishings, Hats, Boots and Shoes
{Batweeu 7th unrt 8th Avenues)
I'h'tlie   I'illrlllniil    IH.",!,
Remarkable Sale
of Men's Boots
Real all leather Boots made in Vancouver by
j. Leckie & Co. Top grade black calf skin Winter Boots, divided into two lots, to make rapid
First Lot
176 pairs stout Wet Weather Calfskin Boots,
with calfskin lining, bellows tongue, full double
soles; 20-gauge viscolized waterproof Goodyear
welt sewn; the best Leckie makes; all sizes;
Haig and London toes; reg. $10.60. a/» mj*
Sale price, pair. L . *«pO» # D
Second Lot
225 pairs medium weight Walking Boots, in
black calfskin; 16-gauge oak soles; Derby and
Balmoral models; Prince, Haig and London toes.
All sizes; regular $9.60. **e "TC
Sale price, pair........ «pO-»» *»
Hudson's Bay Company
"Diogenes" of the Vanoouver Daily Provinee
A Splendid Christmas Present.    At all bookstores.
Cloth, $1.50; Paper, $1.00.
Why People Subscribe for
the B. C. Federationist
1. For 15 years The B. C. Federationist has fought the battles of all those who work for a living, vrhethcr they go to
work with a white collar or overalls, endeavoring to make
better conditions for all wage-capers and their families, by
helping obtain a greater degree pji justice, better wages, shorter wti-kihg notirs niid fair woi'kliig bonditioris.
2. The Federationist agitated for ahd helped obtain stleh
valuable laws as the Workmen's (.nint-onsatlon Act; the -ilfiii-
mmn Wage Act for Women and Mothers' Pensions.
3. The Federationist is the only paper in British Columbia
that gives labor's side of public questions, and one should have
both sides.
4. IF ONE WANTS ALL THE NEWS, particularly
labor's side of strike troubles, political campaigns and fights
for better labor laws, as well as labor news of interest and
importance from all over the word, ONE HAS TO HAVE A
A Bottle of
ORDER NOW from the Government Vendors PAGE POUR
fifteenth YEAR. no. bo BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST v__nqouv»r, rcl
FRIDAY December 14,
Don't Forget the
Old Stand for
Your Xmas Goods
MEN'S SHOES-Dr. Reid's
Cushion Soles, Strides Shoes,
Bell's Shoes.
Fine Shoes from $6.00
Work Shoes, from ........$4.00
Logging Shoes  $10.00
Stanfield's Underwear, $3.00
per suit.
Fine Shirts, at $1*26
Our Suits and Overcoats
are worth the once over.
Raintest Clothing.
Headlight Overalls.
The Evolution of Man
The Law of Biogenesis
PROBABLY the strongest proofs offof male and female reproductive cells
[.Specially  written   for  The   Federationist]
In days of old the earth was flat,
Prophets and  bards were sure of
that; *
Vnst was our sphere beyond degree,
Unf at homed all, the boundless sea.
'.'he stars In heaven kept watch and
To sentinel their lowly ward,
Unnumbered safety lamps were they
Lighting the  world  by night and
In six short days the work was done,
The earth, the planets and the sun;
Then did Jehovah take a rest,
Wearied and tired He thought 'twas
Man and beast and tangled wood,
The Maker called it "very good—"
A garden full of perfect flowers,
With fountains rife and shady bowers.
nut soon the noblest work of all
Was subject to a dismal fall;
A paradox and passing sad
That "very good" should turn out
'    bad.
fi <>ons of time have passed since then
Calamities have followed men;
iV.jmps,   measles,   flu   and   whooping
Have been tlie dire results thereof.
Millions of men, tho, never tried,
For Adam's sin have meekly diod;
Eut now, most hopeful to relate,
The Pentateuch Is out of date.
Fix thousand- years since Adam's fall
It doea not tally well at all;
.\ hundrod thousand years or more,
The Jungle man pnssed on before.
A sea thetr course of cycles ran,
Ere written history began;
On hidden rock and cave and pan
Are traces of the primal man.
The farther back the trail we trace,
Of our ancestral, barbarous race,
No perfect man has there appeared
By miracle of nature reared.
The future holds the perfect man,
Who lived not when tho world began;
From germs and small beginnings rife
To broader, grander plains of life.
The universe one now perceives,
Is one that moves and lives and
God In His world Incarnate,' grand
In plant and leaf and flower and
Bellev'st thou in God?    Define the
Then all around thou may'st discern
Transcendent, wonderful, Divine,
A conscious universe sublime.
—L. L. Dickinson,
Best $2.50
Glasses not proscribed unless absolutely necessary. Examinations
made by graduate Eyesight Specialists. Satisfaction guaranteed.
We grind our own looses. Lenses
duplicated by mail.
Optical House
(Formerly Drown Optical Honae)
Be   sure   of   tbe   address—Above
Woolworth's Store, near
Suite 36, Davis Chambers,
 Phone Sey. 1071	
x man's descent from the lower
forms of life were presented on Friday evening last, and some of the
mysteries of man's prenatal development were for the first time become
acquainted with by many of the audience. Dr. Curry prefaced his address
by declaring that the basis of true
education, real morals, and true religion lay in the old command, "Man
Know Thyself." For while man's ignorance of himself and of his environment ls at the basis of the world's
present miseries, therefore only
through our understanding, our history, our weakness, and strength our
dangers and possibilities can we gain
power to transform thlB world from
a vale of tears, to an earthly paradise
where peace and godwlll between
men shall become a reality. The
speaker after reviewing the main
points of last week's subject "Evolution and the testimony of the rocks,"
explained the law of Biogenesis which
ls that "every living organism ln
Its individual development repeats the
life history of the race to which it
There were doubtlesB numerous
transition stages between what Ib
termed dead matter and the simplest
form of life known, but taking protoplasm as the physical basis of life, the
sell Is the unit of life, where every
living organism whether plant, Insect,
fish, amphibian, reptile, bird, mammal or man starts development. The
speaker showed that until modern
times had produced the microscope,
very little could be known of Biology
or Embryology, for the ovum, or egg
cell, from which we all start ls a
microscopic atom of jelly-like substance and in the past ages the dissection of the human body was for*
bidden by the church and was illegal.
How We All Began
If we study Individual development which is taking place all around
us, we cannot but realize, that this
seems even more marvellous than the
slow groping process, which required
millions of years, before the one
called animal could struggle upward
to mammals and man.
Perhaps out of the many pictures
shown on the screen last Friday, none
were more Interesting than the groups
The Continental Limited
9.50 p.m.   From Vancouver  9.50 p.m.
Coast Steamship Service
Monday 12 midnight
Thursday 12 midnight
Canadian National Railways
displayed. Here was a row of egg
cells of the sponge, another of the
crab and those of a cat, a trout, a
hen and finally the ovum of that
which under right conditions becomes
the "king of creation," the highest
development of matter and mind
known to man, even man himself, and
in spite of the opinions of Moses, we
know that all took the same course
for a time, and each stopped about
where their parents were, yet there
must have been variation and even
mutations, or there could have been
no evolution, and none of the multi-
tudenous varieties of life and beauty,
and ugliness which we see around us.
But the male cell which In conception fuses with the female element, is very different In shape from
Its affinity and characteristic of 'he
sex it Is, more active and aggressive.
This mysterious instinct, this *aax impulse to lovo and live on is to science
considered that point where chemical
affinity and emotional force meet,
but even the highest emotions, and
intellectual attributes of man are perhaps no more or no less marvellous
than' the affinity between hydrogen
and oxygen to make water.
But think, said the speaker, of the
potential powers of those male and female specks of protoplasm, which are
themselves about 99*% water. In a
few weeks, if it is of human origin
the gill arches and cordal-appendage
of its flsh, and reptilian stage disap
pears, lt takes on "the human form
divine." In a few years it has developed to the form, and features of
its parents. In this atom of Jelly was
contained perhaps the shape of the
nose, the complexion, the color of the
eyes, even the Irregularities of the
teeth, perhaps the mental, an demo-
tional characteristics, oven to the fine
shadings of loves and hates, of hopes,
and   fears,   if  environment   permits.
Surely of the evolution of our race,
and of the individual, the latter is the
more marvellous of the two, and yet
this "gospel of hope and promise for
mankind" is ovon today repudiated,
and ridiculed by men who pose as Intellectual and spiritual leaders of our
race, because the dead hands of the
past still hold us back.
From what wo aaw in our past les-
Live  Committee      Good  Floor
Fred Parson's B-piece Orchestra
Gents, SOc      Ladies, 25c
sons, man having passed through the
first forms of life, then through the
flsh, reptile, and other stages upwards
according to the Blogentlc law, the
human embryo would also take the
same course. A row of pictures showing the prenatal stages of various
animals were most Illuminating. Here
was an embryonic fish, frog, a tortoise, and a chick. The top row
showed them a few days after the
impregnation of the ova by the male
cells. Here was the gill slits of the
fish stage, and gradually they were
seen differentiating toward what their
parents had been. Another picture
was even more striking. It demonstrated the individual evolution of the
hog the calf, the rabbit, and, man,
They all showed the same gill-arches,
tails, and other remnants of their
struggle upward, and the first row of
these embryros could not be distin
gulshed one from the other, nor from
the first row of the former picture,
they seemed all alike. In the last
stages exhibited, however, they were
seen to take on the form of the species
to which they belonged. In a few
weeks the Individual had outlined in
its devolopment the course which had
required millions of years for the race
to travel in accorance with the Bio-
gentio law.
This Friday the subject will be—
"Links which have been found, and
rudimentary organs which prove evolution.
Every Overcoat in the store is selling at one-third
off regular prices
$20, now $13.75      $25, now $16.6^
$30, now $20.00      $37.50, now $25.00
$45.00, now $30.00
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
Why Let George Do It
If you do not attend your union
meetings and the other fellow does,
why kiok. He is doing the best he
can. Why complain because George
does it.    Why not do it yourself?
Blythe, Col., has just achieved fame
by announcing that lt has no citizen
named either Smith or Jones.
She that putteth the hand to
steering wheel and straightway tai
it away to powder her nose shall v>
up in heaven or a hospital.
Someone asked: "Ib Ford goini
put on the muffler this winter."
Girl (at football game)—Hold]
George; I know you can.
Live Is like a punctured tire
I'm very sure of that,
For after one big blowout,
She went and left me flat.
Short  ii
Lucy Lucifer's" Apples
[Mary    K.
Labor4 >Thls Is your property for your bravery In saving the orchard. "But, ohl
mam," Luoy gasped, "it is too much!
"—"Go but Just hand me my bible."
Lucy did so, and went down the back
stairs weeping.
Old Mrs, Bunbury died soon after
this. Then Lucy's troubles set in, for
the people of ■  hated her.   The
boys' nickname stuck to her. She
hear "Lucy Lucifer" mockingly whis-
perod after her wherever she went
in the village. Her life grew almost
unbearable, and she frowned and
grew bitter. She received threatening
letters, open announcements that the
boys would wreck her orchard this
Tho apples were half size now. It
was June. The tourists began to arrive.
One day she noticed, as she sat
with her knitting at the wlndoy, how
tired and hot they all looked when
thoy reached the top of the famous
hill. An idea struck herl    She would
- Woman]
^TWO years ago, an old lady came
with her maid Lucy to live at
the top of our hill. Our hill Is one
of the steepest in Cornwall. .Everybody says, "God be praised," or "this
hill Is devilish," when they reach the
What old Mrs. Bunbury and Lucy
said on their arrival at the windy
bungalow, nobody knows and it
doesn't matter.
I had five brothers then (three
now). They were not as well tamed
as they might have been. They with
chums of tho hillside, used to make
fair game of the small orchard behind the bungalow, But, alas and
alack, Lucy, the maid was as fierce
as the wind in Cornwall. She made
up her mind to save those apples
if she had to slay tho boys. Old Mrs.
Bunbury found it dull ln the bungalow, so Lucy told her, "Mam, you
Just wait. The apples are comin'
on."    "Apples!    How can they lessen .sit out in her garden under old Mrs.
Ask for
Pale Ale
A full-bodied, fine flavored Ale
that will compare in quality with '
any of the famous imported
ales, and at mueh less cost to the
At all Government Vendors
This advertisement is not published or displayed by
the Liquor Control Board or by the Government of
British Columbia.
the intolerable dullness of this placo?"
"Just y°u wait," was Lucy's rejoinder.
The apples grew rosy. The boys
climbed the gate; Lucy was after
them, scrambling down the hillside!
Boiling like apples, boys and Lucy,
Lucy and boys. But never an apple
did they get. Old Mrs. Bunbury was
amused. The sight of her sedate maid
tumbling down tho hillside showing
her red flannel petticoat, made hor
smile, almost laugh outright. The
next day the boys came again seven
of them this time, to overpower Lucy
Lucifer, for they gave her the nickname nfter the first fight.
Old Mrs. Bunbury's eyes were grave
when she saw the boys' heads pop up
over the hedges, and the gateposts.
Sho called her maid, and said, "Lucy,
my father wns a well-known sportsman. But never until this moment
have I known that I inherited his
sporting instincts." Quick, mam!1
gasped Lucy. "I shall watch this contest, and if you save the orchard I
shall reward you." Lucy gasped—
out of the door giving chase, She
flew this way and that, and ln spite
of the numbers, she beat off the assailants.
Hor mistress congratulated her and
gave her a letter to post "immediately."
Tho next day four boys came back
but they contented themselves with
eating apples from someone else's
orchard within view of (he bungalow,
nnd with making grimaces at Lucy
and shouting out, not too bravely,
"Luoy Lucifer." Her .answer was,
"Just you wait."
The apples wore saved, gathered,
nnd stored.
Mrs. Bunbury folt thc cast winds
from tho sea, nnd took to hor bed.
Ono dny she said, "Lucy, you remember (hat I promised you a reward for tho apples, Woll, when I
pass awny, you will hnve this cottage,
Moro are tho deeds from my solicitor,
thoy linvo como Just In timo. Thoro
was a good deal of ill-feeling over my
buying thc place, as the Cornish folk
don't liko strnngers lo buy up evon
a linir aorfl. However I succeeded, I
Usually do when I mnke up my mind
nn  any mattor.    Here  Is  the  deed.
Loggers and Surveyors
Made to Order
Our Specialty
Repairing   Neatly   Dono
Phono. Soymour 936
Why buy an inferior product when you obtain
BEST at the same price?
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot riantp
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East .—STORES—2 655 Granville Streci
Sey. _8_-(17_ "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 1)513-130
OTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel
^ McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installet
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash oj
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company LtdJ
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
Bunbury's pink parasol, with a great
tin of buttermilk half burled in the
cool mould, and offer the tired tourists refreshment. For she remembered
her own love of buttermilk, as a child
In her far-away home. At first the
strangers mistrusted her, having
heard strange tales of her from [he
Cornish landladies, but by August,
everyone began to change. Everyone
began to smile as thoy reached the
hill-top, and not one said "damn.1
"A nice person, I call her," said
one elderly parson from Bath. "Her
buttermilk ls cool and excellent after
that very hot climb." Brave man he
was, but there were others, almost
as brave who seconded his remarks.
There was almost mutiny In the
village, as tho opinion gained ground
that "Lucy Lucifer was a good sort."
Tho villagers determined to defy
the new opinion, but as they were
anxious to secure their patrons' good
opinion and to book them for thl
next season, they appeared to agree
to the praises they heard on all sides
of "Lucy Lucifer."
Gradually their words so often
spoken changed their thoughts, They
began to nod a "good morning" to
"Lucy" "Miss Bell," the butcher respectfully called her.
Before the season closed, the tradespeople wore obsequious, for they all
knew that every stranger that came
to those parts in Cornwall would
climb tho famous hill and have a glass
of "Miss Bell's buttermilk."
Then the strangers wore gone! The
villago was as empty as a seagull's
nest nftor fledgling time. Tho apples
woro  gloriously red  that  month.
Lucy wondered whero tho boys
were. Little sho thought that ovory
hoy who threatened hor wns patorn
ally threatened with the "cat," if
ho dnred to go near hor orchard.
Sho half mlssetl hor sport nf* H"e
snt at (he window knitting.
One day her hoart gave a lonp, for
her woven old enemies lenned over
tho gnio, smiling and snying, "Good
dny, Miss Bolt. Can wo help you pick
the applofll" Lucy smiled "Como In,"
she replied, "Holp mo to pick them
nnd out thom too!"
Why the B. C. Federationist
The B. C. Federationist is the Official Paper of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council.
Prints more local Labor news than any other paper in Canada.
Goes to press promptly every Friday morning and never disappoints
its readers.
Keeps the workers informed of what is going on in the various organizations. Furnishes information of value that never appears in tbe daily
Tells the good things about Unions and members.
Looks upon the optimistic side and lets the hammer rust,
Keeps British Columbia Labor on the map by being one of the most
widely quoted Labor papers published.
Presents Labor's side of industrial and political issues in their true light,
and wins friends for Labor.
Oives results to advertisers, because it goes into homes of the best paid
class of workers, and is accepted as a guide by Trades Unionist purchasers.
You must have the Federationist in the home eaoh week to keep in touch
with tbe City, Provincial and Federal and International Labor Movement,
Subscription Bate: United States and foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada,
$2.50 per year, $1,50 for six months; to Unions subscribing in a body,
16c per member per month.
LABOR HALL, 319 Pender Street West, VANCOUVER, B. C.


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