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The British Columbia Federationist Sep 5, 1919

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THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH.
OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOUVER TRADES AND LAROR COUNCIL, AND R. C.TBDBRATION 09 LABOR
POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTORY
ELEVENTH YEAR.   No. 36
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MOANING, SEPTEMBER 6, 1919
<v..S.,0.n;M) $1.50 PER YEAR
WILL NOT OBTAIN MEN
THROUGH LOGGERS' UNION
employers' Association Starts Own Employment
Agency—Loggers Have Many Strikes—Who Are
Agitators?—Anyone Suggest Employers?
Tho membera of the - Employers '-auntil compelled.  Aa a reault of those
Aaaoeiation have decided to atart
tfceir own omploymont agenoy, but
tht purpoie of thoir aetion ia evidenced* by the selection tbey-havo
■ide in the penon to run it, namely, Hicks of the employment agency
if that same.
Had tke purpoie boen cooperation
with tht union the employers would
have aeotptad the demand of the
■en tkat all help be secured through
the union, or if thay had not agreed
to this bit atill wished to be on as
friendly a footing aa possible they
would in making the -olection of
their employment ageney have takon
tare to aee that ho waa one whose
standing with organised labor was
If thl beat possible.
lite establishment of this office
Beans war to the knife between tho
employer, who support it and thc
nembers of the Lumbermen's Union,
for obviously the intent is to establish a means of blacklisting men
who aro known to hold union prin-
siples aa being of greater moment
than a job under existing eonditlons.
Owiag to the refusal of the employers to negotiate with the men or
lo eome through with satisfactory
tamp conditions there aro at the
present time strikes at the follow-
mg campa:
Capilano Timber Company, North
Vancouver; Merrill, Bing k Moore,
Duncan Bay; Kinman's camps of
the Lapan Logging Company nt
Jackson Bay; MeGougan k McDonald, Beaver Creek; Camp 3 of
the Nimpkiah Timber Company,
Alert Bay; all camps of the* Comox
Logging Company, Headquarters;
Mainland Cedar Company, Camp 2,
at Thompson Sound.
All the camps of the B. C. Mills
Timber k Trading Company at Rock
Bay have given the company a definite date witk whieh to eome through
with improved camp conditions or
the men will eome out.'
"Who are the agitators*" is a
question often asked and the answer
varlea- in niing th* responsibility,
according to the oeeaalon and tho
sympathies of the person making
the reply. Actually tho fact of being an agitator may bo, and often
ie, the highest soeial function which
an individual can   perform,   "for
omployers' refusal to negotiate,
strikes take place, asd immediately
vilification of the men and thcir organisation is resprted to by the employers, who do not hesitate to misrepresent facte, -being given every
facility for so doing by the public
press, which, howovor, refuses to
permit repudiation of the lies by
the mln.
Who ire the agitator., and who is
responsible for the bnd conditions
existing in many camps today, and
for the refusal to remedy these conditions, and to conform to the prov.
ineial lawsT
The causo whieh has to rely upon
misrepresentation of facts, whether
eoncerning*%ts own stand or that of
its opponents, ia a failure, and must
(Continued on page 8)
PUT UP BLUFF
"Their  Intentions  Were
Good" When They
Deported Miners
Douglas,* Ariz.—Forty-nine mom
bers of tho mob that deported 1200
miners from Bisbee, in 1916, sur*
prised tho prosecution by demanding thnt thoy be bound over for
trial. For several weeks preliminary hearings have been held by Justice Jack, and whilo it was believed
that somo of tho 49 would be dismissed, the entire posse have requested that they, be hold to the
higher court. They say they want
to know onee for all whether their
fellow citizens of Cohise County aro
going to send them to the penitentiary for doing what they thought
to be thcir duty under the circumstances.
The action of the   defendants
unprecedented in the legal annals of
this state.   It means that the bank
.  _    ., -     ,,,      , ..     ers, copper operators, business men,
il.____.Vl_E. .T^_ ..„". ._._ atrikebrnkera and gunmen will make
#W Ji_^_2..S .«« .n,l ™ \t<mmw "-•"■•"•■ in »• Vea that "their
-SP "iff'JESk.._!*!____ °!;!intention, were good" when several
ward, who would keep abreast  of hu_drea „mcd "citiMn, kidnabped
I
DAD»nr
Prov Library
Dm 19
Collect Over a Thousand
Dollars on the Street
for Defense
Seven Thousand Workers
Took Part in the
Parade
Protesting against the holding in
gaol of the arrested strike leadors
awaiting trial in Winnipeg, 7000
workera paraded the street! of Winnipeg on Monday last. A collection
for the defense of the working elass
representatives was taken on the
streets, and over $1000 realised.
Tho workers in Winnipeg aro de*
mnnding the release of their fellow-
workers on bail, and havo wired to
all centres asking that 'protest meet*
ings be held on Sunday, and failing
tlio request being granted, that their
comrades bo released, that a general
holiday for ono day be taken by the
workers throughout the country on
tho 17th of September. W. W. Lc*
feaux, who has boon assisting in tho
defense, arrived back in the city on
Thursday morning, and brought
first-hand information of tho situation. He leaves tonight for Winnipeg. He states that the workers in
the prairie capital are prepared to
cease work on tho 17th unless the
men awaiting trinl nre released on
bail.
Truth; aid not attompt the future's
portal with the paat's blood-rusted
key"
But we will deem the agitator as
•ne who conforms to the usually
accepted definition of such torm
when  applied   to  labor  questions,
nely, a person who is responsible
for, or encourages, disorder and lack
of harmonw in the relations between
individuals or groupa.
At the reeent general meeting of
members it was resolved to submit
to the employers proposals for im*
proved eonditlons in the camps and
Bilk of .tke province, to bring them
■p to the standard! existing in
places sooth af the line, and aim in
conformity with the requirements of
the existing laws governing sanitary
matters, the regular payment of
wages and other questions of like
nature.
Than proposals were in duo eonrse
submitted to the omployers, -who, in
(.nearly every instance, ignored the
communication, as they likewise did
a follow-up letter requesting a reply.
Non-recognition atill being thoir
fate, the members then decided in a
large number of instances to preeent
u ultimatum "on the job," with a
time Kmit attached. In many cases
'direct notion" was effective,
md negotiations were opened and
arrangements made which were, at
least temporarily, satisfactory to all
parties. But in other eases an absolute refloat to consider tho
schedule was made by tho employor,
who alio refused to recognise tho
mel as a body, with the eonsoquonce
that there art at tha preseat timo a
number of unnecessary strikes in tho
limber industry. Tho question is
again aeked, "Who aro tho agitators!" Are they the men who
drafted proposals and submitted
tham courteously and in a businesslike manner to the othor pnrty concerned; or are they persons who
blindly shot their eyes to the fnct
that the organized logger of 1&1D
refuses to aceapt conditions whieh
were forced upon him in his unorganised state, and who now has tho
purpose and strength to enforce
working and living conditions in
conformity with thoir social and individual well being, but who nevertheless hesitate! to use that strength
workingmen, loaded thom in freight
ears and dumped thom on the desert,
miles from their homes.
A
ACROSS THE
SEA
Secretary of the British
Transport Workers
Urges Action
Men .Working on Land
and Ship Stations
Have Organized
News from Port Arthur atates
that tho Marconi Wireless workers
' thero have formed an organization
bearing their name. The union embodies workers on land and ship
stations operated by tho Marconi
Oompany of Canada, under tho Department of Naval Service.
Thc operators aro now getting tho
magnificent sums of $46 to $50 a
month on ships nnd the same with
living allowances of 0— on land,
i They have forwarded a request for
salaries ranging to $75 a month and
with a $10 increase yoarly, $30 a
month living allowance, and $15 living allowance for officers ln "charge
ef stations on land. Station ofHcori
usually receivo house, fuel and light.
The association has asked for consideration at onco.   The ultimatum
*
Form Triple Alliance to
Challenge Institution
of Capitalism
The following Labor Day message
was cabled to The Truth of Duluth,
Minnesota:
"We in Oreat Britain, despite our
conservative outlook, have fashioned
an industrial organization which is
probably tho most potent over created—the Triple Alliance. In thia
body we 300,000 Transport Workers
havo allied ourselves for defensive
and aggrossive purposes with 500,000
railroad workers, and 800,000 miners. We believe it ia our duty to use
every means in our power to challenge the institution of capitalism
and its domination of the .working
people.
'"Hitherto wo have dA-oted ourselves to matters of an exclusively
economic and industrial nature, but
compelling circumstances arising
out of the world war and its aftermath require us more and more to
envisage our work in ita entirety,
political, as well us industrial. Every
class-conscious act of the working
people tends more and more to become a political acf and only fools
would draw a clear dividing lino between industrial and political action,
"Today, we of the Triple Alliance
are challenging the government's
policy of maintaining conscription,
military intervention in Bussia, and
military intervention in trade union
disputes,
"We see in the fight against ihe
workers of Russia an attempt to
safeguard tho interests of English
bondholders, and we realize, perhaps
more by instinct than by reason,
that the flght of the Busman ana
Hungarian proletariat is in fact our
own flght. We know, moreover,
through experience, that conscription means the possibility of breaking strikes by moans of the intervention of armed soldiers and sailors. •
"Therefore we are taking the
only means at our disposal to compel the governmont to abandon conscription and got out of Russia.
"We earnestly hopo that, Amoricn
will not be the stronghold of capitalism during this world-proletarian
crisis which is at hand. America
with its international origin should
be in thc van of the. world movemont for working-elass liberty. May
we therefore urge upon American
trade unionists the duty of assisting struggling Europe in what is not
a make-believe but a real flght for
freedom 1
"(Sgd).   ROBERT WILLIAMS,
"General Secretary of the National
Transport Workers' Federation of
M_
GET IL TREATED
U. S. Still Holding and
Abuse Conscientious
Objectors
While Englnnd and Canada havo
liberated their conscientious objectors, the United States, still living
in the darkest ages, is ill treating
hers afresh.
On Auguat 18, 1010, 110 of tho
absolutist CO.'a wero ordered to
do military work by Col. Byram,
commnndnnt at Fort Douglas, Utah.
They had beon working ever since
thoy arrived at thc Fort, looking
aftor themselves and their quarters,
but as absolutists they could not do
more. They have proven tho sin
ccrity of their conscientious objections to such work through a year
of torture and sufferings, so the authorities know, before giving them
the oider, that the boys must refuse.
No attention was paid to thcir
protest, and upon thcir refusing to
do military work, they were put in
a dungeon on bread and water (murderers got botter treatment). Tho
commandant threatens to hold them
thus indefinitely, not allowing them
to write or see people, even after
thcir sentences have expired. Threo
of the boys were to have been ro-
leased on tho 20th, but they are held
with tho rest. Some of these boys
are in very poor physical condition,
due to ill treatment by the military, and this bread and water diet
places thcir lives in jejopnrdy.
And all this goes on in a nation
whose constitution guarantees freedom of conscienco. All that these
boys have ever dono is to claim
their right to exorcise that freedom.
The Washington authorities have,
so far, put the blame for this atrocity on the conimaiiddant. But Secretary Baker lias the powor to stop
this immediately and also the power
to release all theso men now, so he
is equally guilty.
u.s.i«
STREET RAILWAY
OFFER
They Have Decided to Demand s Board of
Conciliation
W. W. LEFEAUX EXPLAINS
THE WINNIPEG SITUATION
Arrested Strike Leaders' Case Was the Feature at
Last Night's Trades Council Meeting—Winnipeg
Workers Prepared to Take Action
"Capital Is Doing Some
Watchful  Waiting,"
Says Banker
Now Tork—(U. P.)—A financial
crisis is ahead of the country, according to leading bankers of New
York, which may be one of the most
serious situations the country has
ever faced.
Thero seems to be little doubt in
the minds of Wall Street leaders,
judging from views expressed to a
United Press reporter, but that the
crisis wil take a demidedly political
turn. Financiers expect the radical
elements among Labor leaders to
make a stand for communism.
While Wall Street admits that
thero has been a perceptible slowing
down on the part of moneyed interests, bonkers say they aro confident
of tho outcome of the issue between
capital and labor.
"Capital'is doing some watheful
waiting," explained one vice-president, connected with one of the largest institutions of tho country.
"Many of oar clients are apprehensive.   Some are scared.
"Many wealthy interests no longer care about making money. For
example, this morning a clieut was
in, here, a man wbo keeps a million
dollar account with as. He bad
drawn no interest, and I asked him
to wait a few minutes te that we
might pay him what das due.
" He didn't want it. ' What Is the
ue,' be repiied, 'More money is simply more taxes and more trouble.
Nover mind the interett.' Similar
lack of interest in pushing developments hi noticeable among most of
Make Assessment for the
Defence of Arrested
Strike Leaders
The Stroet tnd Electric Btilwtjr
Employee! nt tbeir laat meeting, held
on Tuetdty night, decided to ence.
themielvei $1 for the defense fund
being reiiod for the purpose of defending the itrike leaden arrestod
in Winnipeg; this is in addition to
the sum of *100 voted out of tho
loeal funds. The queition of the affiliation of this organization with tho
Vancouver Trades and Labor Couneil, was also dealt with at this meeting, and it was decided that as a
vote had not been taken on the
question of the O. B. U., and thero
was a difference of opinion amongst
the memben on this question, to
withdraw from tho council. The:
local will not, however, affiliate with
the new couneil.
' At the mass meeting held last Saturday night, tho offer of the B. O.
Eloctrie Bailway Company of live
cents por hour increase was turned
down, and it was decided to ask for
a board of conciliation. T. J. Coughlan of the Beilwny Trainmen, will
represent tho men on tho board.
LABOR DAY
"•* /~^_ _z#
WHY DOESN'T HE CUT IT DOWN
Remarkable   Growth  of
Workers' Business
Enterprise
The president and two directors of
the Manchester branch of the English Co-operative Wholesale Society
were visitors in Vancouver during
tho week. These men arrivod Tuesday and left on Thursday for Japan
on behalf of the Wholesale Society,
and while in the city tbey were asked to address a meeting of the Vancouver Co-operative Society and
gladly consented.
The meeting was held in the Labor
Temple, and although only a few
hours were at the disposal of the
society to arrange for the meeting
thero was a good attendance.
A Gigantic Business
Mr. Moorehousc, who hus beon on
the directorate of the Cooperative
Wholesale Society for 30 years, told
of tho remarkable growth of the
movement in Great Britain during
the past four years, and stuted that
in spite of the trying conditions during the war, and the many obstacles placed in the way of the movement by the government politicians,
that the membership had increased
almost 100 per cent, ond was now
around the four million mark. The
Wholesale Society had increased its
trade of $175,000,000 before the war
to a trade of what will amount to
$375,000,000 this year. It has just
concluded an order to supply South
Russia, Boumania and Poland with
45,000,000 worth of goods, and that
contracts with other countries aro
also being entered into. Its factories aro turning out goods to tho
value of $100,000,000 per rear and
tho demands have boen so heavy of
late that it is now spending millions
of dollars in the erection of factories an-4 tho acquirement of lands
for agricultural purposes. It already
has 65 factories, among which are
the largest flour mills, woollen mills,
cotton, boot, and clothing factories
in the country.
Competition ft Lamentable Failure
Mr. Henson, member of the Birmingham Betail Society, which has
43,000 members and which owns the
biggest building in the city, was tho
next speaker. Mr. Henson is a director of the Co-opera tivo Wholesale Society, and, in bis remarks,
told of the attempt of the government and big business to put an end
to the co-operative movement during the.war. But in this they failed. And now, the competitive system, which was supposed to bo the
bo all and end all of everything, had
proven to be a lamentable failure,
while the cooperative movement
[Continued en nuo Ik
M
NEW COUNCIL
Adopts Recommendations
for Delegates to Industrial Conference
■f A delegation from the United and
Public Service Council, composed of
various returned soldier organizations of the city, asked the Trades
and Labor Council to send dolegates
to moot the United Service Council.
A delegate from tho Comrades of
the Great War informed the council that neither his orgnnization nor
the Campaigners were represented
on the Unitod Servico Council, and
seeing that returned soldiers were
well represented in tho trade unions,
it was useless to havo further
representation. The council, however, decided to send delegates, and
thc following were elected: Dels.
MeVety, Showier, Harris (Boilermakers), Poole (Tenmsters), Sully
(Machinists), Welsh (Plumbers);
An invitation was extended by
thc management of the Colonial
Theatre to witness the movie fllm
"Tho World Aflame" next Tuesday morning. The invitation was
accepted.
\ j Credentials were received from the
Plumbers' Union, Hotel nad Restaurant Employees, Machinists Locul 182, and Boilermakers.
'- ' Organizer Farmilo reported that
tbe council now had a delegation
representing a membership of approximately 5000. The old council
had a membership of around 12,000,
and that in so fnr as a total of
4571 had withdrawn, tho old council
must havo a membership of about
$000.
, Beports recoived from cities east
Of Vancouver gave an indication
that the international was due to go
'Uiead with leaps and bounds.
{The convention committee reported that the timo wns too short to
devise a plan for the raising of
money for the expense of a delegate
to the Trados and Labor Congress,
but recommended that the delegates
take the matter up in their various
unions. Re common da lion adopted.
I The committoe appointed to bring
in a report on the Mathers Commission recommended that tho delegates to the Industrial Relations
conference nt Ottawa, September 15,
be authorized to support the following principles:
(1) Employees' right to organize.
(2) Becognition of labor unions,
(3) Tho right of employees to
collective bargaining.
(4) Establishment of a bureau to
promoto tho establishment and development of joint industrial councils under thc Whitley plan. (Delegates to uso discretion.)
(Continued en _og.o il
That the O. B. U. has come to*
stay in tbe City of Winnipeg, and
that there will not be many men
working in that eity on the 17th of
this month, if the men now waiting
trial are still in gaol at that time,
was the concluding statemont of W.
W. Lefeaux at the Vancouver
Tradea and Labor Council meeting
last night. Mr. Lefeaux, who is a
law student in the office of Bird,
Macdonald and Earle, barristers of
this city, has been in attendance nt
the preliminary hearing in Wlnnipog, of the men arrested for thoir
activities in the general striko, on a
charge of seditious conspiracy. Ho
was requested to give the council u
resume of tho situation in Winnipeg
last night, and in acceding to the
request, stated thot he had not intended to attend the council moeting, until ho hod been requested to
do so, as he had but little time in
SHIPYARDS PAY
i
E
Engineers .and   Millmen
Celebrate Fusion of
Organizations
The social and dance which was
held under the auspices of the Engineers and Mill Workera Unit of
tno One Big Union on Labor Day
turned out a huge success, the hall
being filled to capacity with a nice
social crowd. It ie intended to hold
a series of theae entertainments
during the coming winter.
Good progress is being made with
organization work. A splendid
moeting was held at Port Moody on
Friday last at whieh quite a number
of now members were initiated.
An organization meeting is to bo
hold at Maillardville on Thursday
next and it is anticipated that very
shortly all tho mill workers at the
Frasor Mills will be members of tho
organisation,
A general organization meeting
for all mill workers will be held in
Vancouver in tho vory near future.
Aftor that tho executive of the
union intends to get busy and draft
a new wage scale and working rules
for endorsement by the members in
order that thoy may have tho necessary machinery in working shape
for next spring, as it is intended at
that time to try and establish
standard work day and a uniform
scale for all mill workers in this
provinco.
Thore is no doubt but that it is
time something was attempted along
these lines as the mill workers,
taken as a whole, are probably the
lowest paid of any industrial work
er in this province, and the only
way they can cxpeet to raise their
standard of living and thereby
evolve that spark of manhood that
is necessary for the workers if they
ever expect to emancipate them-
solvos from wago slavery is to become a momber of the progressive
section of tho organized labor movement.
All Contract Shops Have
Accepted New Wage
Scale
The Plumbers Union through its
business agent has been able to secure the same rote in I/vails and the
Northern Construction shipyards as
was grantod last week by the employers in the contract shops. These
yards have taken the stand that the
recent strike made the Robertson
agreement null and void, and Business Agent Wolsh is taking the mat-
tor ap with the Wallace yard, with
the expectation that thc same rate
will be paid. Every contract shop
in -the city..has accepted   the
tho city, as he waa   returning   io
Winnipeg on Friday night.
Large Number Arretted
He stated that there were 60 or
70 men now lying under some charge
or another os a result of the strike,
but that the chief interest centred
around the eight charged with seditious conspiracy. He also referred
to the fact that in most preliminary
hearings, from a half a day to two
days was usually all the time that
was necessary, but in this caae ii
had taken nearly four weeks, and
nearly sixty witnesses wero examined, and the strike in Winnipeg,
according to the evidenoe of theae
witnesses, .was a real strike, nnd
that almost everybody who wai engaged in useful work had ceased to
carry on that work when the strike
was called. It wns, however, found,
after tho striko had been in progress
24 hours, that no bread or milk ud
other necessities were being delivered, and so the strike committee
had suggestod to the City Couneil
that some means should be carried
out to provide these necessities.
Those Permits
A meeting was arranged between
the strike committed, the City Council, and the Committoe of Ono
Thousand, aud the workers neeee-
sary to provido bread and milk and
other nocessitics were ordered by tko
strike committee to return to work.
This being unusual in a strike, and
these workers wanting protection
from being thought to be strikebreakers, cards were provided,
which read "Permitted by authority
of the strike committee." Theee
signs were placed on the delivery
rigs, aud somebody said "Soviet"
and that was all there was to it
He recited two instances of the
kind of evidence which waa given,
one being the evidence of a doctor,
who because sufficient force of
water whs not oa, supposed a ease
of an operation being performed in
his office, and again supposed that
he eould not get hot water to sterilize his instruments, and then again
supposed thut someone might na a
result get blood poisoning. Another
cose waa where a permit had tb bo
new
scale of $7.20 per day for plumbers
a _. . .       * 1    i. nn 1    _ I VtUBO     T»*MJ    nilVIB    m   livt ihu    MBit    ww ■ wrm
and rteamtttt-n*, and -MO-per. day L*_t_d-*tf_ th, Jommi.to. before
fprhalpon. Juriawi Agont^Wetab miik «,_|d b. wound,  with ^girt
leavo. next Wedneaday for Ottawa
to take part In tho joint conference
of labor and capital called by the
government. He will later attend
tke Tradea Congresa eonvention to
be held in Hamilton, as the representative of the loeal plumbers.
The fellow who cusses the boss
and gives all his support to tho
bosses' daily press is like the mule
that kicked itself to death.
s
E
Labor  Party   to   Erect
Monument to Union Men
Killed During War
From London, England, it is reported that at thc closing sitting of
tbe National Federation of General
Workers, held at Manchester, tho
executive was instructed to take
steps with a view to the general
workors of all countries, being fed-
crated internationally, and thc general secretary wns instructed tn proceed with the necessary preparations
for calling together an international
conferenco to be held, preferably in
France or Belgium.
This same idea was suggested at
the Labor Congress, last fall. After
some thought a fine plan has been
ovolved in old London town to do
honor fo union workers who died in
the wur. In the memorial to freedom and peace which tho National
Labor Party proposes to erect in
~,ondon in commemoration of the
killed, wounded and incapacitated
soldiers, all workers are taking a
part.
Circulars are being issued to
trades unionists all over the British
Islands, urging curly attention to
tho matter in view of the fact thnt
thc enterprise is proposed to creato
worthy headquarters for labor,
which will provide suitable conference and office accommodation, u
woll-stocked library , otc. It is
hoped to begin building operations
next year,
Carvell neithor fought, bled, nor
diod in aay form, but ho reached
richer reward than any returned,
scarred Canadian soldier.
Union   President  Urges
American Workers
to Solidify
Believes in Industrial Organization for the
Workers
The preaident of thc British Railroad Workers' Union sent the following nicssuge to The Truth of Duluth, Minnesota, with thc hope of
urging the Ameriean workers on to
greater activities:
"I desire to extend you hearty
greetings across thc Atlantic. I understand thnt you are well orgnnized
in strong but sectional trnde unions,
that you havu power to enforce comparatively good conditions of labor,
but do nut officially use tho power
of your unions to safeguard your
civil liberties. I do not know of thc
circumstances surrounding your
movement, but wonld like to givo
you the point of view of the National Railway men's Union of thc
United Kingdom.
"We believe in the industrial
form of organizntion.
"We organize men on the engine,
on the track, in workshops and in
the factory departments of tbe rail
service, We behove our industrial
power should be used to ndvance
apd protect our interests wherever
they may be threatened, whether in
our industrial or civil life. Liberty
really means mure to iih than bread.
"At this moment we nre taking
the opinion of onr members whether
they intend to take industriul
action in order to recover the liberties they have lout during the war.
In conjunction wltli the Triple Alliance we are biilloltiug our members to determine whether they will
strike in order to compel the government to ceusc muking war on
Russia, abolish conscription, and
abandon the use of tho military in
labor disputes. Wc arc not taking
this step without grave thought. But
in our dealings with thc govornmont
it hns again and ngnin proved fnlse
to its promises and fnlso to the
people.
"Wc believe that direct industrial
action is our only recourse.
"We nope thut you will approve
our position, nnd that further, you
will find some way of acting through
your unions according to your own
usages, to uphold us. As thc needs
of lubor become international, more
d more we must pursue the same
roads to freedom, poaco and ceo
notaiic equality.
President of the National Union
ot Railwaymen of Great Brituin and
Ireland,
"(Sigaed) CT. CBAMP."
to tho evidence presented, he statod
tbat there were about 1600 documents and letters, and gave aa aa
instance of the nature of tha v$i*
dence, that Russell had signed *
letter, "Yours in revolt." Insofar
as the defense was concerned, ke
stated that it was a farce, as no objections were entertained by the
magistrate, who, on objection being
lodged at some piece of evidence,
would say, that if there was nothing
in it, that it would not do the prisoners any harm.
Refusal of Bail
Referring to the refusal of bail,
he stated that no sueh objection had
been anticipated, but when the
judge was asked for bail, he had
suggested that a Supreme Conrt
judge bo consulted, as the ease Has
one which he did not eare to aet
The night aftor the men were
committed, they were released without bail, on assurance being given by
counsel for thc defense, that they
would be oa hand the next morning.
The judge stated in refusing bail,
tbat the men had broken thoir contract when out on bail previously,
and ho was ufraid that they would
keep up their activities. It waa
pointed out by counsel for the defense that the men had not broken
their contracts, ua when the press
propogaada became more than tbey
could stand, tbey refused tb further
abide by them, and as a result thay
had had their bail doubled, whieh
released them from any contract. A
request for a full sitting of the Supreme Court hod been then requested, but this was not granted, and aa
a result the men were still in gaol.
The O. B. U.    ,
Referring   to   the   O. B. U.,   ho
stated that it was particularly strong
in Winnipeg, and that if thc government had tried, it could not have
done more to solidify thc movoment
than by refusing thc mea bail. Ho
stated that on Monday last, some
000 workers had taken 'part in a
protest parade, in which 1500 returned men took part. He also
stated that a decided change was
taking place io the attitude of tko
people, ami thut they were now asking what is really behind all this
trouble. He said thut the pemiKar
part of the matter was the fact tbat
the men arrested were all speakers
fur the O. B. U. nnd he would leavo
(Continued on Page 8)
NE RUPERT
Will Contest Every Election in Future—Organization Going on
In spite of the One weather last
Sun-day, a very good meeting was
held in Prince Rupert, A. 8. Wells,
secretary of the B. C, Federation of
Labor, being tlie speaker. Tho
Northern City is pretty much alive
as far as thc working-class movement is concerned, and it is the In*
tentiou to contest every seat, including tko offlce of mayor, nl the
next municipal election. The provincial and Dominion seats will also
be contested Splendid organizntion
work is being done, and a candidate
for the Dominion House will be selected in the next few weeks, ,
Cut out the list   of   advertisers,
patronize them, and tell them why. PAGE TWO
■.eleventh TEAa ii.. m     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     vancouveb, b. a
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Present Day Society Is
Based on the Crime of
Human Slavery
B. T. Kingsley was ae unequivocal
as ever on Sunday night, in hiB insistence on tho osscntdall; vicious
nature and function of tho machinery of capitalism, and its utter futility and impossibility in any civilization not based on hitman slavery.
So much sv that Chairmnn Lestor
was able at the close to put it thus:
"When we capture the means of
wealth production, we, shall be as
welt off us a mule which has captured his harness."
Comrade Kingsley began characteristically by remarking that the
world was indeed "in a -devil of a
fix." (Laughter.) Ha added that
he did not believe that any man or
set of men, living either now of in
tho past, were responsible for it. It
was the logical result of the growth
and development of a system based
on one fundamental crime—human
slavery; And he did not doubt that
the inception also of thftt system
wae due to causes; certain habits of
living, certain lines of conduct; had
led. to a point whero. every institution had been mado to conform to
its requirements, and bring it to the
climax of its growth.
A civilization bused on a fundamental crime could not be of very
long duration. This system, indeed,
had probably existed for 10,000
years.or more;, but that wns "a mere
bagatelle'' in the life of the human
race, mace evon in the cave of the
stone-ago man there had been found
the relics of a period estimated at
50,000 years.
Today they were supposed to have
the most powerful, machinery of
production ever known, with tho
amount of labor required bo smnll
as to be hardly worth mentioning.
Yet the people lived in privation and
distress. Tf they were reasoning
animals-, of ■k.ich he sometimes had
his doubts (laughter), it was up to
them to use their reasoning faculties and find out what was the matter with them. They were told they
wero- froe; yet they wore exploited
every day of their lives, having to
work for somebody else.
They were told also that they"
were paid for what they did. That
was a positive lie. Commodities
were consumed as fast as they were
produced; no payment, therefore,
was possible, since there was nothing
wherewith payment could be made.
Every bond, deed, mortgage, and the
like, was a "promise to pay" that
could not be paid.
A prominent writer hnd just
stated that in times of pence a great
mass of labor was engaged In producing the superfluities of pence, and
in times of war the superfluities of
war. The speaker maintained that
these "superfluities of peace" wero
simply the means of solidifying ruling class power; the "superfluities
of war" amounted to tho sume
thing. AU was made to subserve
the great ruling class scheme of
world trade and commerce.
It was now stated that not more
than one in ten of the producors in!
America were engaged in the production ef tho essentials of life;
the speaker himself had not gone
further than to quote the official dictum of tho Bureau of Commerce at
Washington, which placed the figure
at one in five. Bight thero, thoy
had thc cause of all this turmoil nnd
unrest and chaos and confusion.
While one was producing the essentials, the othor four were doing
nothing except render ruling class
sorvice; meanwhile they had to work
aa hard as the one who maintained
them. All were alike exploited by
the,ruling class.
Thore must be slaves, for trade
and commerce to bo carried on; conversely, while there wero slaves,
there must bo trade and commerce
to keep thom employed. The greater the trado ami commerce, the
greater the exploitation. In ancient
empires, trado and commorco did not
attain very large proportions, everything being -dono by hand. A pyramid, which then took SO years to
build, could now bo turned out in
48 hours. (Luughtor.) No more of
the essentials, however, were* produced now than then, but a greater
amount of ruling class production.
Within the last century and a
half, with the Introduction of the
stoam engine, the volumo of exploitation had increasod by leaps and
founds. Essential production hud
boon forced on fewer and fewer
workers, and more of them released
for ruling class production. In the
United States, three and a half million wcro engaged in transportation
—"hauling commodities from whero
tho slaves produced them and
nutting them where those slaves cnn
never get them again." (Laughter.) That and tho great factory
system hnd resulted in this onormous enlargement of the ruling clau
empire of material things. How
could there be any solution except
the tearing down of that scheme of
trade and commerce, and bringing
back the workors to the production
of the essential things of life! "la
there any use tinkering with the
fool machinery of capitalism t" Tho
whole thing was based upon a crime
und an impossibility; for slavery
was an impossibility and could not
continuo.
The whole shee-bang was going up
in bankruptcy; the V. 8. would join
the bankrupt crowd within tho next
two years. It had come to a point
whero thoy found they must lond
other nations money," so that they
can buy our goods and pny cash."
(Laughter." Commodities wore all
consumed, leaving only "tracks'"'
behind thom—on pieces of paperl
Theso were pnssod round, again and
ngnin, as promises to pay, from hand
to hand, but tho same amount of
debt existed as before; the debi of
the world was not one penny loss,
"You oaanot get rid of the stuff
except by one route; and I hardly
danc mention that, because it's al-
Denikin and Dividends
******
******
*****
******
******
THE  REASON WHV THE SOVIETS ARE ATTACKED
 i I ill Him	
[Bf J. T. WALTON NBWBOLD, M.A., in the Ubor Leador}
The persistent attack made upon^in a prodigious effort to undersell the1 'the Blaek Sea eastward to Baku on
labor of tho relatively high-paid wor*
Bussian Socialism by the* Allied governments is to be explained1 partly
by the fear of a successful eiperi-
ment in Socialism, which Would ra*
veal the wastefulness, the inadequacy, the inequality, and the cruelty
of the capitalist system.
But that is not the whole explanation. Allied capitalists have: an in-
timate interest in the economic settlement of Bussia, and they would
prefer that settlement to be -on tho
old linos. That would mean the continuance of the. opportunity* to ox*
ploit tho mineral riohes of Bussia,
which was so unkindly taken from
thom by Lenin and Trotsky in tho
interests of tho Bussian peoplo.
Thoroforo, Lonin and Trotsky
muat bo overthrown, and if that
process is assisted by calling the two
Bolshevik leaders blackguards and
Ruffians thoro are plenty of scribes
willing.to writ* that every day if
they are paid to write itt
Kolchak and Donckin and Co., in
their military efforts to smash the
Bussian Soviet Oovernment, may ro-
ly upon tho Allies-*>r the supply of
tanks, munitions, poison gas, and a
host of similar capitalist arguments.
What kind of intorest in Bussian
nffairs is it that makea the capitalist
governments support Kolchak and
Donlkinf
■Let us see.
Besides the wronderfnl we*!* of
conl, iron, cement, manganese,' and
other solid minerals* which is to bc
found in Southeastern Bussia, and'
tho remarkable fertility of tho soil
in the Ukraine, tho are* of Bussia
wherein Qonoral Denikin and Sen-
oral Gregorieff ate operating, -possesses other treasures of oitremc importance.
Potroloum, in the development of
which ■■'' the- conspicuous part-* played
by British capital is woll fctttwn,"
is found in onormous quantities on
the eastern shores of tho Black Sea,
around tho Caspian, and" in the
northwestern region of the Ukraine
in Galicia.
Up the valloy of the Pnnube,
which is; now to be " internationalized," in Boumania, thoro is'more
petroleum, and, over and.anudi the
Carpathians, in tho Traris&vaninn
area, thoro is both petroleum and natural gas. '"";
Liquid fuol is of immense consequence in a civilisation snot as
ours. Thc oil engino is ,bf(Sming
of prcdomiant imp/>rtnncc'Jfn,,'rond
transport) in aerial navigation, in
agricultural engineering—a* wtj- interesting development of MJjfil is
tho nuto tractor—and, is*, .assuming
tho position of an essential deduct
also in marine engineering,, ami in
naval warfnrc. That is tohS. po-
troleun* supply is becoming a .key
industry—an essential nlikfio? economic and of political power.
Petroleum pumping and' netting
afforded the original basis on which
was raised tho mighty commercial,
industrial and financial cdiiltp of
tho    supremo    Americun    **•*"
tors of Britain, France and.Amorica.
"Ih oil Baku is incomparable,"
says a well-known British expert in
petroleum and its industries, "and I
know of no oil city that will compare with its subterunnoan wealth.
Baku is greater than any other oil
city in the world. If oil is king,
Baku alone is its throne."
The aim and purpose of the British capitalists in rendering every
support to Denikin mny bo judged
from the following quotations:
Tho gradual extension of Allied influence in the Caucasus is shown by
tho bottor news from Baku ahd Maikop (in the Northern Caucasus Maikop ie in the hands of Goneral Denikin'a troops) given in this issue. It
wiU be remembered, that the former
locality and,its neighborhood was
some time ago constituted a entail
Bepublic under the name of A_er-
baijnn. Tlie co-operation of the Baku
local government reported, recently
in the reorganization of the oil industry, theiof oro, in that of the small
Republic, aad it is a ploasuro to read
that this co-operation is undor British direction. Tho market is either
internal Busaia or else it is tho world
at large, whioh latter can be reached
only by way of tho Blaok Sea. As
for Bussia ,thoro soems to bo a rone
of Bolshevism to the north of Baku
that interferes with such * market.'
Petrosk, on the Caspian, was recently reported a Bolshevik centre;
so was Astrakhan, tho grcot Caspian
oil port. The market will extend as
the zone of Allied influence broadens. There is evidence of an Intelligent policy on th. part of tho British government, and that policy may
be said to have for one of its chiof
objects the restoration of the Caucasian oil industry and traffic, undor
British control. Shareholders in Roumanian and Bussian oil companies
have, therefore, on the wholo,
grounds for moderate eheerf ulness.—
Potroleum World, Fob., 1919.
Who ara theso. shareholders of
genuine democracyT Who aro these
custodians of tho livos and honor of
working toon and women! Who are
these patriots of a world-wide Fatherland!
B. ~. Bnrnett M. P., Bussian Petto-
loum Co., Ltd., (Baku.)     *
Sir W. W. Buthorford, M. P., Baku-
Russian Petroleum Co., Ltd.
Hon. S. Bouverio, Barclay's Bank,
Ltd., and Ural-Caspian Oil Corporation, Ltd. '
E. Caillard, Sunday Times, Ltd., and
North Caspian Oil Corporation,
Ltd.
A. W. Eorby, Famous-Lasky Film
Service, Ltd., and the North Caucasian Oilfields, Ltd.
F. Straker, Strakers and Love (coal
owners) and North Caucasian Oilfields, Ltd.
Bir J.* S. Hanhood-Banner, —. P.,
Pearson and Knowles, Ltd., Low
Moor Inn Co., Ltd., and tht Kuban Black Bea Oilfields, Ltd.
Col. B. H. Bawaon, M. P., Black Se*
Amalgamated Oilfields, Ltd.
Power," the Rockcfoller interests.
The Rothschilds, thc Nobels,' and
other European monetary housos reinforced their position by the exploitation of Galicia and of Caucasia, whilst tho Royal Dutch Shell,
with its holdings in tho Dutch* islands of the Far East, as Well as'the
Burmah Oil Company, havo .an immediate as woll as an ultimate con-
corn to watch, to chock, or to control the output of Central Asia.
Bussia is a terrible menace.
whether she come to be exploited
by somo hostile political stnto, or,
worse and worso, by a workingclass
economic polity intont on destroying
world capitalism by using its vast
labor powor in application to unparalleled natural resources to undercut and to ruin its proflt-wor
shipping persecutors.
The wisdom of this terrific and
final struggle botweon Red Russia,
scientifically applying .tho labor
power of thc millions of Bttrasian
workers to natural resources, im-
■ntenso boyond the* wildest dreams of
avarice, and tho old1 capitalist nations of Western Europe and of
America haB been aeen by the in.
comparable genius of Lenin, and
perceived and fought by tho political hacks nf Wall Street, the Bourse
and Throgmorton avonuo.
It is for us in tho wost to compre*
bond this Socialist statsmanship and,
comprehending, to fight within the
enemy capitalist states to complete
the ruin of our mutual oppressors.
Denikin is tho biggest danger to
the workers of tho world because
he operates from tho vory centre of
the land mass of the Old World. If
Donikln and his supporters should
win, then capitalism will harness the
low-paid, unorgsnizod workors of
Asia to their profit-grinding engine
fine of     amalgamated: uiineiaa, ua.
Monev Davison Dalziol, Tho Daily Express,
* ..n-1   .h_   n__ln__n   niM_l_-     T *_
I   and the Cheiekcn Oilfields, Ltd,
Tho Earl of Carrick (address, War
Office,  Whitehall),  EinbnCaspinn
Oil Co. Ltd.
Sir Lindsay Wood, John Bowes and
Partners, Ltd., and Baku Bussian
Petroleum Co., Ltd.  (1917 share
list.)
Sir J. S. Compton-Bickett, M. P.,
. John Bowes and Partners, Ltd.,
and Baku Bussian Petroleum Co.,
Ltd., (1917 share list.)
Earl of Dysart, John Bowes and
Partners, Ltd., and Baku Bussian
Petroleam Co., Ltd., (1917 share
list.)
Lady Joicey, John Bowes and Partners, Ltd., and Baku Bussian Petroleum  Co.,   Ltd.,   (1017   sharo
list.)
Charles Carlow, Bussian ind Eastorn
Agency, Ltd., (1917 share list.)
Sir B. Balfour, M. P., Bussian and
Eastern Agency, Ltd. (1917 share
list.)
Otto List (Stubben Strauss, Berlin),
Bussian and Eastern Agency, Ltd.
(1917 share list.)
Etc., etc., etc.
The thought in tho minds of some
of Genernl Denikin's most influential supporters may be gauged from
the following, statement made by the
chairman of tho four Caucasian oil
corporations at the annual meeting
of the Bibi-Erbat Oil Co., Ltd., (a
company which, according to the
city editor of John Bull, has suffered
seriously from "the recent troubles"):
In the Caucasus, from Botoum on
most a crimo in Canada to mention
Bolshevism."    (Applause.)
Tho speuker ridiculed tho, outcry
about profiteers, declaring it. "Just
as honest, nnd just as logitiRJqjtf to
take a million per cont. profit,-sp to
take one." (Applause) Tly-,1700
million bushel wheat crop -of..1.tho
Unitod Stated was all goneii within
tho year, except about a. weed's .pup-
ply. "If thoy hadn't nccu». .l.*tod
the figures on their bunk,,, blfoka,
wouldn't it havo been eaten Jtp.just
the same! What difference,-MH9 it
make to you what proflt theytpiske!
If they didn't mike nnjt, „.you
wouldn't get any more to eat. All
that talk about the profiteer )>eiag
the fellow that hurts you .44.. all
bunk."
It was the four persons out pf Ave
producing useless thingi, tho parasitic tabor of the cities, that was
eating the hoart out of the produc.
ers of essential thingB. In the. European cities, the people were going
absolutely to exterminate themselves; their frenzy would havo to
run its courso. Tho cities would go
down and out, as thoy had done in
former ages; thoso oa this continent
would follow suit. The city must
resolve itself again into smaller centres of population. Tho essential
things ol life wore few and eerily
obtained The' idea of organising
"along industrial and political
linos," to avoid the impending disaster, was a "pipe droun." Disaster oould only be avoided by joint
action of tke farmers and city workers, and the return of the workers to
produetion fer their own suiftenauce
instead of trade and commerce.
the Caspian, and from Vladikavkas
southward to Tiftis, Asia Minor, Mesopotamia and Persia, British forces
have made their, appearance and
have been welcomed^ by nearly every
race and. creed, who* look to us to
free them—some from the Turkish
yoke and some from that of Bolshevism.
The only fly in the ointment is tho
usual weak-kneed attitude of our
own government, who, cowed by the
Little England attitude of the
masses, have lost no time in announcing that the entry ef our
troops into these regions implies no
intention of permanent occupation.
Nover before in the history of
these islands waa there sueh an opportunity for the peaceful penetration of British influence and British
trado for the creation Af a second
India or a second Egypt, but ihe
feeble voices of our politicians, under the heel of democracy, drown all
such aspirations, and I fear we can
take little comfort from tho half-
promise that the future of Caucasia
is to be considered by the Peace Conference.
The oil industry of Russia, liberally financed and properly organised
under British auspices, would in itself be a valuable asset to tho Em-
pirt. Russia's oil industry is still,
granted normal conditions, the second greatest in tho world, and a golden opportunity offers itself at the
presont momont to 'the -British government to exercise a powerful influence upon thc immense produetion
of the Grozuy, Baku, and Trans-Cas**
pian fields, and—still nearer home-
perhaps upon the oilfields of Boumania, rich in priceless petrol.
It. is an opportunity that our enemy tho Germans were eager to seize
upon directly they thought thoy were
mastors of tho situation, and I wish
I could think.that the losson might
not be lost on our own political rulers.—Petroleum World, Jan., 1919.
That was spoken in December last,
before Churchill brought the political aotion of his Dundee economic
powor to the support of Denikin.
Since thon the situation has improved
for these apt pupils, these eager
copyists of the Germans.
"The heel of democracy" has
beon temporarily wounded in * general election. 'The capitalists are in
office as never before, and their executivo committee hastens to support
every international reactionary
whose bullying and thuggery taay in
future compel Donets miners and
Maikop and Baku oil pumpers to
blackleg "the iron bnttslions ef the
proletariat" whom Smillie and
Cramp and Williams are slowly but
surely marshalling and training for
the groat task of working class emancipation at home.
Tho methods may differ as the
conditions of timo and historic environment differ,' but -the battlo is
one whethor it be fought on the coalfields and in the cotton towns, (if
Britain or in the coal fields and oilfields, and in the factory centres and
farm-steadings of the Soviet Bussia.
ft
1 REWARDED
British Labor M. P.'g Op
pose Grant But Are
Defeated
London.—For the first time in the
history of the British empire * proposal to grant eortain .mounts of
money to the commander* of victorious British armies was challenged
in Parliament recently.
When the bill te reward Britain's
army leaders financially cam* up in
tho Commons the Labor Party challenged it and introduced * aotion
reducing the amounts suggested.
The motion was defeated 288 tot 66.
The man who. said Canadian werk
lople must either work or flight has
just seated himself comfortably as
chairman of th* railway commission.
Carvell's investment t* the union
government wa* * wise more on his
part
Send your old »ddr*ss with yeur
new one whon making * change.
TO EUGENE V. DEBS
They've got thee, have they, Eugene V.l
Or you've got them!    Which!   Wait and see,
Barks Old Mnn Time.
Who'll trump the swagger up and down,
Of Law and Order in a town,
To boost a crime.
They fearod thee, did thoy, Eugene. V.l
And basely fearing dungeoned thee.
Tno Chrlsts wo broed.
No quarter take, no quarter give,
To bastard laws; they die or live
A rebel's creed.
Sedition was it, Eugene V.l
80 got thoy He of Galilee,
The League of Cits.
High pri'est and girthy patriotecr,
High priest arid bannered profiteer,
and soabbing Chits.
The same eld tale, my Eugene V.;
Thii time tke hero's crown flt* the*,
The hemlock cup—
Doesn't haunt thy feast of spirit fuel
The vintage gross of millionaire,
Tou passed it up.
We're mostly brute, my Eugen* V.;
Fine words ■ flowering fruitlessly;
6ur justice loot.
Still children ef the jungle lust,
W* drive them from tho hord—the jwt
Who bait the brute.
He count* ■ round, toy Eugen* V.;
Is long on points, the enemy;
A laurelled Coin,
But deathless urge turns every hap,
Designed our cause te trick or rip,
"To glorious gain."
Se long this twist, my Eugene V.;
Events ue shaping mightily;
Onr hopes nre threat*.
A Czar—tw* Iwisers go** to pe*|
A score ef prtaselings—sorry bt—
Neat Hun's pet*.
-Wok*,**
FBOM   MAKES   TO   WEABBB
A STYLISH FALL
SUIT FOR $35.00
See this Suit—it — an exclusive offering at the Famou*— 1
yoa c»ii't equal ita value elsewhere at $50—often you'll]
* be asked more.
It comes in fine quality Serge—strictly all-wool—in four colors— ]
blue, brown, black and purple.   Made up in wonderfully effective j
designs—models that are going to- be the leaders thie year.
Offered in two styles—both very striking.
NOW ON DISPIiAY — A WONDBE IN i. ALL
SUIT VALUES
$35.00
623
HASTINGS ST.W.
Nnc OnnTill*
m & suit &
ami 1
UNION HEN ARE
MADE WELCOME
—AT THE—
Bank
; Buffet
Soft Drinks and
Fresh Cool Beer
The right treatment
and best service.
Eastern News
Thaw of our readen who ore tk*
tereated tn Rwtern Canadian nam
and world-wiiU enali >h*a)4
akbaoiUn to Tkt Maw Dumragr,
801 Liater Bldg., Hamilton, Oak
Sabicription ratea $1.50 per jtwt.
Oar Circulation Manager will
Tm slewed to reotlvt and frrwawl
aubaorlptinna.
Tha Maw Dammaey ft 'a lira
working-claae paper and ahoald ha
read hr aU workera intarwted la
Canadian and world-wide event*.
GET THE HABIT
—LET THB-7-
NODELAY
SHOE CO.
1047 Granville Street
DO TOUB BEPA1BINQ
{Wythe
Dest
** TTnion
U   Oak
Sole leather need. Shoes mad*
to ord*r. Union shop with
Union principles.
Nodelay Shoe Co.
1047 OBANVILLB
Ifes* Sty. U»
COAL
Lump (sacked), per
ton 111.00
Washed Nut, per ton,
at $10.50
BBS'S   Celebrated   Double
_ Screened
NAKAMO WELUNOTOir
COAL
II Alwtw Dependable
Ask the woman who burnt It
Kirk&Co.
' LIMRBD
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 1441 ud 468
Tea csn depend on tha
Hillcrest
A. TltiB, Prop,
to furniih jron Fur* Milk
Housewiye* ahould inaiat 01
tM delivery tttm sbowmi
their union curds.
iey. moo*, ley. MM*
o. i. lm». miasm
iamb am
-TAXI-
SOFT'DWNK PABLO
union
40* DDsauuu anin
Greatest Stock ef
Furniture!
in Greater Vsncouvsr
Replete in every detail I
ButimFntanGaUi
VAN BROS*
***f-*t Jon AAts.ro*
-CIDER-
ms Xoi-aieokotte wi*** of
union uncs ATTiimon
*M
TROCADERI
CAFE
IN KASTOTOS HUB ^
noalqntW
THE BEST H-ACT TO BAI1
VANOOOTBB — UNION 0_T
CENTER IHANtt, I
UNDERTAKERS
1<MI OEOBOIA STBEET
Oae Block Wert el Couth**
Use of Modern Chapel ud
Kineral Parlors free t* all
Patron*
Telephone Sepmonr ____)
Our advertisors support the 1
ewtionist. It is up to ]ro* to i
port them.
THE HOLIDAY SEASON IS APFBOAOHINO-Are you going te
make good your advantage of
living in British Columbia, bf
spending a couple of ween
out in the opon. We offer yeu
a splendid selection of Fishing Tackle, Rifles, Cartridges,
Clothing, together   with   the MKeV M I 1___4"\_t_ \
usual Camping Requirements. **l\r  _■ T.________.*.-SJI.»
TISDALL'S LIMITED
The Complete Sporting. Oood*
Store
411420 Halting! stmt Wail
VANOOPVEB. B. 0. ORIOUL   PAPBB    VANCOUVEB
TBADBS  ADO  LABOB   CODICIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OFFICIAL  PAPBB
ombza rBDUAtioa or mSob
■ELEVENTH YEAR.  No. 36 EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. G, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 6, 1919
School Shoes
for Your Children
AT REASONABLE PRICES
IN THESE DAYS of the high cost of living
shoes for children are a problem, especially
in B. C. We believe we have in a measure solved
the school shoe problem in selling "Steelite"
Shoes in our Economy Basement
"Steelite" School Boots are guaranteed all leather and
mado by competent workmen. They are built specially
for our B. C. climate. We can recommend them for wear;
in fact they will outlast two pairs of ordinary shoes, and
they cost only a few centa per pair more.
Our low overhead selling expenses of our Economy Basement keeps tho retail price down to the lowest cent. Try
a pair.  Also made in Work Boots for men.
Our prices for all forms of
dental work are reasonable
—despite the f*ct th*t wa offer you the services of a staff of highly trained specialists—the advantages of as complete office equipment aa can be found on the coast—and an absolute guarantee as
to the character and permanence of our work..
Be* oi when yoa need a dentist
Drs. Brett Anderson and
Douglas Casselman
.Dental X-Bay and Crown and Bridge Specialists
003 HASTINOS STRIET WEST, OORNER SEYMOUR
Office open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Fhra* Seymonr 3331—Examinations nude oa phoae appointments
Fi**h Ont Flowers, Fanenl Designs, Wedding Bouquet*, Pot Flaati
Ornament*! and Shade Xt***, Seeds, Bulb*, Florists' Bandits*
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
nOBIBTB IND NUBSEBTOEN
2-STOBES—2
« Hasting* Stmt Eut TO OranviUe Stmt
Seymoar Ma-en Seymonr (513
Satisfactory Shoes
THEBE ARE AS good SHOES mado today, ss were made bofore
the war—the difficulty lies in Inding them.
On showing ef HEN'S SHOES is a collection of tho BEST
SHOES produced by the best makers—makers lhat have never
' r uncertain Shoes.
Begnrdless of the advance in the cost of SHOES, we can still
supply you with the BEST SHOES made at any stated price.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
606   OBANVILLE   STREET
SPECIAL OUT BATE PBIOES
ON DBUOS
y*n>AT AMD 8ATVBBAT
set Fud'i Vislihins Omm .—.Me
10e Mwnttt Ms«»«l»  *_*
rile Beethm'e Mill  *'c
Me Rild'i KUW Pllll  Jjc
90c Aiplrlc Tiblitl, 1 doi.  .100
a |qj        _ „.— MC
lie Cirler'V Wiir Mill — "«
60c Cllfonita Byisp el Plfl *«c
11.00 Liquid Arson  '«
SOe Limeitom Phosphate!. >«
25c Reld*. Wllcb Hlml Cr.UO ...Me
SOe Herplelde   ■'*_
11.00 Bltro PbMpbi.e —— -jj"
JOo Ciicinti   »;;
SOe Ome'l Ointment   «•
tOe Onmlcri food ......... ■_>'
•1.00 Dortai Fm« Powlor — eac
SOo Bit Bom   '«
SSo Bold'l Srrup ol Flu — »e
11.00 Jloo'i »r.lt Sslli •»«
76o Csrael fMo Powdor — ——JJ*
SOe R.ld'l Tir Bhlmpoo S»
96e Aromatic CMeirs —. .}>«
100 Hold'i Brlllintlae — _*
SOe Pilm Olhre Oold Oroim  JJC
SOo Peteeo Toolh Pull   "C
SSo Monnoa'o Tooth Pull  8JC
ISo Bl( Blth Soip   *t
Wsr tu life Where Buoind
AU Uan ot Brttir Ooodi at Bodocod
Prlou-Hol Water Bottlti, Sjrtiiu,
Olovii, Me.
Vancouver Drag Co.
inilTSD
fHB OBIOIBAL (HIT-BAT*
BMOOISIS Or VAHOOUVM
—au sutes—
too Hio«i.fi st. w «•»■ ;»•'
1 H..l.n«. St. W Ser.   •»»
411 Hiin st sor. ;;;;
TIS Greavflle 81 S«r   70H
1TM OoawonW Dr. Jllfl.   181
STH>mo and BwUwi>....Biy.   IS 14
ft.gilt.red In lecordsnos with Ue
Oopyrlikl Aet.
HORSE-POWER!
Arnold Bennet, the English
author, in his highly entertaining and valuable little "pock-
ct philosophy," THE HUMAN
MACHINE, saya that man is a
thinking beinj, is unhappy mnleis
the wonderful machine, which ii
himself, li working at Its "regis*
tered h.p." (horsepower). In
other words, to got the most happiness out of life one must get tho
most out of his work—or his play.
He says tbat a great proportion
of us are only half living. As an
observer of life and a thinker, he
gives the remedy In concentration
ot effort. As a dentist, backed by
the entiro medical profession, I
suggest that it is impossible to get
the most from the human me-
chine when tbat highly Important
unit, tht dental equipment, Is deficient. Abounding health Is nee*
osssry to concentration of effort
and full efficient-}*, and thia Is im*
possible without perfect teeth,
Oood teeth are absolutely necessary to "full registered h,p."
To make the most ol yourself
keep la close touch with the dentist. Keep the teeth In good re-
£ sir—1st me replace tbo ones you
ave failed to koep. Fees always
reasonable.
Dr. Lowe
Fin* Dentistry
HASTINOS   AND   ABBOTT
Phono Biy. MM
OppMtti Woosward's
Tastiness!
Wholesomeness
Perfection
YOU'D novor think so
Muck goodness could
bo put into a loaf of bread.
But tbou—we don't make
one loaf at a timo. We
make them by the thousands and can afford to
put tho best that money
can buy Into each loaf we
sell our customers,
AT YOUR OBOOEBS
SHELLY BROS., LTD.
me e i sis mi
~ft
£
(In Greater
Vancouver,
The Standard of Civilization
A standard ia * specified length,1'
weight, space, volume or quality
chosen for the purpose of giving
fixity and precision to the things
around, that is a means of thinhing
of those things from something
fixed as a base of comparison.
A little thought will show the necessity of these standards as stabilizing agents to our impressions of
the things which form our world.
A young woman-may be beautiful
or plain, according to the image of
comparison we have in our mind at
the time. The common house-fly appears a small insect beside the objects around it in the room, yet it is
a veritable taonater compared with
parasites that live on it and extract
their sustenance from its tissues;
and you can multiply these illustrations for yourself indefinitely.
Such standards serve a useful pur*
pose and are quito necessary in the
daily routine of our lives, but there
are false standards set up in the
minds of men, much in the manner
as the unwritten laws, and these Hke
all falsities are demoralizing and
clog tho wheels of true progress.
Take as an example the standard
by which man, you and I, and all
our friends and acquaintances and
oven our babes and sucklings aro
measured by in* this second decade
of the twentieth century, whose advent inspired much laudatory vaporing, rosy prophesying and the wuste
of numberless gallons of good ink.
I refer to the glorious dollar standard by which self-conscious mun,
the possessor of tho God-like faculty
of reason, with his qualities of love
and mercyt and his hopes of au immortality is valued, weighed and
measured.
You are aware that it is a common occurrence for a veritable idiot,
measured by that standard to pass
muster as a second Solomon and for
a scoundrel of the deepest dye to be
turned into a white-robed saint
around whom his fellows cluster in
admiring and flattering throngs,
while an angel of God could be
thrust aside in contempt and scorn
and regarded as an inferior being.
It is self-evident how such n standard as this tends to demoralize thc
race.
When poor, old Andrew, the
multi-millionaire,- passed on to discover what an utter failure ho had
made of his life, much ink and brain
energy wero wasted by thc capitalistic press in eulogistic outpouring
over his genius and his generosity.
Poor old Andrew, in whom I am
pleased to think was tho undeveloped germ of-better things, after thu
mad rush of thc days of   his   ob
[By Nemesis]
who had no seats and of course were
standing. Among them were men
who had wall passed the three-score
years. This ia a common sight, and
you may think Uttle of it, yet it
shows two facts: Overriding any
desire to make their patrons decently comfortable is the savage desire
of the eompany to produce dividends
for shareholders thousands ol miles
away, and who are living on other
men's labors, which is a contradic;
tion of natural law; and the callous
indifference to the rights nnd welfare of their fellow men, of our capitalistic rulers in forcing men past
three-score years to keep on toiling
till they drop thankfully into the
grave.,        .
A workman falls permanently sick
and loses hit muscular force, whieh
is his only asset, and he is immediately dismissed from Ms employment to endure semi-starvation and
mental misery for the little time he
has to live.
I read somewhere (I mention it
with some misgivings and with humble apologies to the thousand righteous intellectuals of the Vancouvor
Citizens' League) that the Bussian
Soviet Government had made pro*
vision both for old age and permanent disablement from whatever cause
arising.
Now apply tho standard of altruism to us and them and determine
which has travelled furthor along
the road which leads from the
jungle and barbarism.
In apologizing to the thousand
saints of tho Citizens' League and
othor similar leagues . of iuornl-
minded and super-intblioctual gentlemen for mentioning in thoir polite
hearing such ruffians as form the
Bussian Soviets, I merely add that,
facts aro stubborn things and" in
nowise can they be disregarded.
I find that tho spaco at'my disposal will not allow me to enter into
further details of our boasted civilisation, but as these dota'ls tin*
painfully familiar to everybody it
will be a simple matter for anyone
to judge for himself how far our
boasting is justified when it is tested by the only standard wo can apply to civilization. I might suggest
that the test be applied to the functioning of humun laws in regard to
those blessed with little of this
world's wealth; to the carrying out,
of tho safety regulations mude fft
the interests of those who work in
dangerous places or at dangerous occupations and to the whole attitude
of the self-styled better classos to
Iheir less fortunnto brethren.
Let us now make a mental survey
BIG ALLIANCE
FORMING IN U. S.
' 'ing in dungeons for daring to a»g*
goaf* ways and means to accomplish
the uplifting of their brothers and
to bring comfort and stability ist*
their hopeless lives.
The callous indifference of the
ruling class to tho misery that surrounds them, except the lurking fear
for thoir own unhealthy skins, is revolting to aU who havo not sunk
the last traces of their humanity in
the cesspool of greed in whieh the
great majority of the people ef tke
earth are weltering.
Mow apply the standard to the
whole of our boasted civilisation
and determine how far we have advanced from jungleism and barber-
ity.
Not one inch. Bather have we
created a new jungleism and a new
barbarity to which the primitive one
appears, decent and spiritual.
. But hope, that eternal quality,
still springs in tho human heart
I know thero are millions of my
fellow beings who are deploring the
terrible state itno whieh. humanity
has fallen and want merely the right
impetus to rise up and alter it.
We find around ub today groups
of human beings binding themselves
togothor into leagues, each with a
specific .purpose in view and all for
tho betterment of thoir conditions.
They aro arising liko bubbles
from thc putrid slime of the misery
which lies at the bottom of tho
present condition of thcir lives. They
are ■ the visible, -articulate expressions of the underlying desire
of thc great, human mind to find
comfort and happiness and growth
while here on earth. They aro tho
natural reactions of the suppressing
influences which have acted on thc
mentality of man for many long centuries. Aud therein lies the hope
of the final regeneration of man,
. There is a man somewhere endowed ufith vision and blessed with ripe
youth and abnormal courage ami
eloquence who is groaning and
writhing under the miseries of mankind.
Now let that man come forth and
inaugurate a world's league of civilization, whose functions it would be
to suppress all injustices, all anomalies of riches and poverty, to establish without feur or favor in all
cofinfries the world over, a system
of'hd)' ' '
»y2,00) $1.50 PER YEAfj
Mine and Railroad Unions
Are Planning An
Affiance
Alliance of the forces of the
United Mine Workers ef America
and tke tout brotherhoods ef railroad workers will be perfected at
tho international convention of tho
miners this month, according to advices just received.
The preliminary steps fer the big
union have been completed in reeent conferences between the lead-
re. Full ratification is practically
assured. The movement is modelled
after the lines of the triple alliance)
of labor forces in England which
has proved so effective in the recent dabor troubles thore. It will
eortainly odd tremendously to the
powor of labor in tke Unitod States.
The united action taken by the
brotherhoods in 1910, in presenting
thoir demands for an oight-hour day
has been an object lesson to labor
in genoral ovor there snd with the
transportation and mining Indus*
tries combined the coming submission of demands by the mine work,
ors will be givon added weight.
COWAN & BROOKHOUSE
PBIVTEBS,     FUMUBUa,     BTB-
MOTTPBBS   AMD   B00KBIHDBK5
Union Oflei.1.. writ, lor prices.
Jive SATISFACTION
W.
A UNION STORE
AUTUMN
Men'a Suits
$35 up
IS
HERE
Wmei'i Suite
$45 up
FALL
has arrived. If you have not already ordered your Pall Suit, you
ahould do ao without delay. Our stocks are large,
well assorted and full of quality, but bear in mind
there is liable to be a shortage of fine woollens*
this season and we may be quite unable to supply you
with that particular weave add pattern you wish fer if'
you do not order early. Gome in now and select yoar
cloth—you do not need have it made up till yon an
ready snd a small deposit will secure it for you. This
applies to men and women alike, and gives you all *
chance to suit your individual tastes in regard to material. We will show you the latest Fall styles and guarantee you
I PERFECT  FIT  AND  STYLE |
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
session had passed and ho bad time I of the conditions prevailing on tho
to think, secmod in a dim way tol wholo planet today.   Wc hnvo just
I mn^n^wtlmn     lit a      A-olinifthliitr Sin A Witt      ■nUn«adn^      ll..*.        l.fi»!' *
Fair. 44
Food Liccnw Ho. fr-lOfll
recognitc Ms criminality and his
failure. Ho professed it was a crime
to die rich. Ii is. And what an illogical use of life be made from his
own showing. He spent tho first
half of it, in a criminal exploitation
of thousands of his fellow beings
by which ho amassed bis millions,
and the second half of it in getting
rid of them, so thut he might have
tho satisfaction of dying poor, which
he had conceived to be his duty.
This oction of poor Andrew logically
is on a par with that of the millionaire of cocoa fame in the Old Country, who proclaimed that his money
had been givon to him by God to
uso for tho benefit of his fellow
creatures.
Passing over the assinine egotism
reflected in such a statement, to sny
nothing of its blasphemy, both Andrew and he would have shown more
logic and a much greater spirit of
justico if, when they made the discovery thnt the sensations conferred
by the possession of wealth wcro not
happiness, thoy hnd returned to
their exploited victims all they had
robbed them of nt the point of production as our Socialist friends express it.
To aver that God had inspired
thom to rob their follows of thoir
just duo so that they might afterwards play the benefactor to them,
savors of the idiotic as well as tbo
blasphemous, and a lunatic asylum
would be the Attest place of abode
for such characters whilo on earth.
Tbere are many people to bc
found in thc world today principally
in the ranks of the politicians and
profit-mongers and such like undesirables, who arc fond of boasting
about the great civilizations existing
on the earth at the present time,
and measured by their standard, un
doubtedly there nre.
Bofore we go any further let us
endeavor to flnd out what is meant
by civilization and determine if
possible the truo standard by whicli
to measure it, ob I am afraid wo
shall have to discard that of thc pol
itician and profit-monger.
Civilisation can bc best described
as the antithesis of barbarism
brutality. Man having evolved
from tho bruto, many of tho qualities of tho brute still cling to him,
and tho further he is removed from
those attributes the more bas ho be
como truly civilircd.
Civilisation tben rests on the
moral attributes of tnnn and hns
nothing to -do with his mentality.
If n being from Venus or othor
planet had visited our earth and on
his return hono had informed his
fellows of our railways and steam
ships and flying machines and sub
murines and groat steel works, of
itiir hugo citi'M with their palatini
buildings and hugo bridges, ete.,
their politicians and profiteers (assuming that such perversions exist
away from our enrth, which is un-
th!nkabic) would cxclnim, *' Truly,
aro they civilized)" and their deduction would be absolutely filso
and illogical. Tho only logic.il do
duetion to be drawn would be,
"They aro possessed of a mentality
considerably advanced."
Now as civiliznt'on rests on the
moral attributes of mnn, what is the
natural and only standard to measure it byf
Surely it !s nit rtrism which ia the
antithesis of selfishness.
Now let us by that standard, nnd
thoro is no othor, proceed to cxnm-
no our own boasted civilization of
this all glorious twentieth century.
Wo will examine it flrst in a few
details and thon as a whole.
The other morning I rode in the
smoking compartment of on interurban car to tho city. In the aisle
and vestibule I counted 23 persons
witnessed tho horrifying spectacle
of tho great nations engaged in a
titanic and desolating strugglo for
world supremacy. Wo have suffered
the agony of knowing that millions
of our fellows havo been ruthlessly
swept out of existence ond prematurely hurled into oternity; while
millions moro, mero physical and
mental wrecks, will linger in hopeless misery for tho rest of their
lives.
Wc havo seen those nations feverishly engaged in inventing and creating devilish explosives and destructive engines and employing
them ruthlessly and remorselessly
ngainst their fellow men; nnd now
we, are renp'ng tho aftermath.
The rulers nf thoso nations nre
blindly howling for grenter produetion and a less consumption, ns if
tbe whole products of man's lnbor
were destined for our museums, and
with oily tongues and gun on hip,
aro engaged in a demoralising, diplomatic struggle for supremacy in
tho world's markets.
Meanwhile tho peoples of those
nations nro suffering from the effects
of unemployment and tho prey of
tho operations of wolfish profiteers
and arc mercilessly destroyed when
thoy gather on thc public streets in
protest.
Loaders of tho working classes,
men of vision and soul, arc languish-
IS
Toilers Have Found Way
to Kill Controlled
Newspapers
Fargo, N. D.—Threat of the controlled papers' of North Dakota to
refuse to mention any progress made
by the state in its new industrial
legislation, has given a great impetus
to farmer-owned papers hero ond has
led to the formation of an independent newspaper association, which
includes all papers not dominated by
the anti-farmer and anti-labor interests. The People's Press Association, as the now organizntion is
called, has just hold its first convention in this city, following closely
the rival convontion of thc controlled press at llandan. Plans were
made for tho coming yenr, prominent in which was the formation of
a Publishers National Service bureau to keep tho local papers supplied
with news from the state and nation.
Peoples Press Flourishing
With an independent local papor
in every county of the stato, with
moro being added constantly to tho
state, and with two farmer-owned
doilies, the peoplo are in splendid
position to offset the propaganda of
thc opposition,
Tho now press owned by tho sub-
scribrs strikes at tho controlled papers in a vital way, becauso it renders
thoso papers no longer necessary.
Nearly a hundred have had to suspend during the farmer strugglo of
the lost four yoars, and in tho last
two months at least a down havo
disappeared. Moro wiU go as the
new public advertising law limiting
official papers to one for each county
takes effect, becauso many have so
few subscribers that tho public print
ing grnft was thoir chief source of
revenue.
ministration, through which
want and diseuse will disappear and
lift} mental and, moral qualities of
man may function untrammelled nud
ufifruftprcsscd. .
'This is no chimera, no mere fan-
taStld''bubble of the imagination,
bftf'rf glorious fact'that could bcoc-
cOriiplisbcd for it is true that, in
sMUv'of all the mental and moral
wTirokdge our evil, soc'al system has
wrMight, human' nature is still
Bcnko at tbe core Ond would rise to
thd' occasion the whole world over.
Where is thc man with tho necessary 'Qualificationsf Let him come
forth now and I will tell him who
Mill muster to his cnll in their millions. And they will come, not like
tho, drivon conscripts of thc present
military regimes, but full of eager
courage jnspired by a righteous
cause that will susta'n them through
nil an^d everything till victory
crowns their efforts. There will be
the vust majority of the workors of
the world who unmistakably are
pushing onward to better things.
There will be muny thousands of
clergymen who are even now sorely
chafing at the silence imposed upon
.fhnm by our social system with its
iniquitous vested interests and demoralizing influences.
Thero Mill be mnny millionaires
who, like poor Andrew, have discovered the utter inability of riches
to bestow true happiness and \\ho
arc iu common with all bnt tho most
brutal, striving blindly  for  it.
There will be thowmnds of university professors nnd other men of science, musicians, poets nnd writers
whose trained and amb'tinus minds
are yearning for the emancipation
of pure hnowledgc and (ho over-
coijiijtig of prejudice ami ignorance.
There will be million^ of deeply
religious souls. Christians, Mussel-
men. Buddhists mid ull, who, filled
nt the present t'roo with inarticulate
and lindefliinhlc uneasiness, will
sink all crewl und dogma and combine in one vast church which will
crystallize into a pure religion,
founded and fashioned out of love,
which is the essence of all truo re-
l'gions.
The great world of men, troubled
and yearning, is waiting for thc
mun. Let him come forth, for now
surely is the time ripe for his coming.
Buy nt a union store.
Vancouver Land District
District of Coast, Range 1
TAKE NOTICE that I, Mary
Alice Clarke of Vancouver, B. C,
housewife, intend to apply for permission tu purchaso tho following
described lands:
Commencing at a post planted
abotit forty chains North to thc
South boundary of Lot 542; thence
West Sixty chains; thence South
aboiit twenty chains to the North
boundary of Lot 1004; thence East
forty chains; thenco South twenty
dhnins; thence East twenty chains
to the point of commencement, containing 100 acres, more or less.
MARY ALICE CLARKE.
'■'■bated Hist July lfilf).
Vancouver Land District
p " District of Coast, Range 1
TAKE NOTICE that I, Edwin
Clark Appleby of Vancouver,
B. C, Jeweller, intend to apply for
permission to purchase the following
lands:
Commencing nt a post planted
about fifty chains Southwest of the
Southeast corner of Lot 422; thence
about twenty chains North to tho
South boundary of Lot 422; thonco
Easterly nbout forty chains to the
West boundary of Ix»t 420 {old P.R.
003); thence South about sixty chains
to shoreline; thence Westerly and
Northerly along thc shoreline to*
point of commencement, and containing 200 acres more or less.
EDWIN CLARK APPLEBY.
Dated at Vancouver, 31t}t July, 1910,
TO MEMBERS OF
ORGANIZED LABOR
Fellow Workers:.
There arc at the present time in this city more international officers thin
have ever been here before in the history of the labor movement in Vancouver.
They are not here for the purpose of organising, or of increasing the
economic power of the workers, but they are here solely to offset the O. B. U.
movement which came into existence as a result of the demands from various
organizations afflliated with the B. C. Federation of Labor and the Trades
Congress of Canada situated in the western provinces. Their argument w
that the 0. B. U. will be the result of more numerous aad widespread strikes
than has formerly been the ease. They charge the late general strike in
Western Canada to the 0. B. V. when, as a matter of fact, that organization
was not then in existence. , „
Let us look at this from another angle, and see why this opposition should
bc put forward at this time to the 0. B. U. nwvement. On page 696 of the
American Federationist, containing a report of the American Federation of
Labor Convention, we find that thc salary of the president was increased from
♦7500 to t) 10,000 per year, and that of the secretary from 16000 to $7500. This
in addition to all travelling expenses. The salary of organizers was raised
from $1 to $8 per day, and hotel expenses were increased from $4 to $6 per
day. The particular meal tickets involved in this transaction should give you
an idea why all the international organizers now in town are so busy defending thc interests of thc American Federation of Labor.
The Winnipeg strike was called in the firBt instance by Metal Trade units
of international organizations. Thc building trades strike in the same city
was also called by locals of international organizations. The general strike,
which took place as a result, was a strike of international organizations. The
sti'ikc in the cities of Vancouver, Calgary, Saskatoon and every other city
which took part in the general strike was conducted and called by locals of
international unions, yet wc find that the strike was broken by thc actions of
thc general officers of international unions. Thc action of thc Qrand Lodge
officers of thc liailroad Brotherhoods contributed more to the defeat and
breakdown of thc workers' organization in Western Canada than any other
factor, ln Vancouver we find the International Brewery Workers instructing
thc Brewery Workers of Victoria to ship all the beer possible into Vancouver
at a time when thc Brewery Workers of Vancouver were on strike. The International Electrical Workers of Vancouver were practically crippled during the
strike by virtue of their international threatening to take away thcir charter if
they acted contrary to thc agreement which that international had with the
Telephone Co. The entire history of the strike in this western country haa
been one of interference by international officers on behalf of the employer.
The funds of locals have becn.seizcd, and thicr property taken, and this is the
kind of organization which wc are now being told by paid officials of the in-
tcrnational labor movement is for the benefit of the workers. Thc 0. B. U.
constitution specifies that the funds of any local unit shall remain thc property
of that unit.
Sit down and calmly think this question over for yourself. Wliich is
better for you as workers—an organizntion in which you have some measure of
control over thc officers, or an organization in which you are subject to the
autocratic rule of thc officers?
If thc international is at this time being boosted by the press, by the
employers, and by the government, and the 0. B. U., which has not as yet had
an opportunity to function, is being repressed and vilified in every manner by
these agencies, and as these same interests have at all times repressed and vilified you every time you have sought to improve your conditions or increase
your wages, docs it not prove to you that thc 0. B. U. is an organization
which will be more beneficial to you than that which is supported by your cm-
ploycrf
If you want to belong to an organization which is conducted according to
the dictates of the rank aud file, and whose funds cannot be seized by any
international executive board any time Ihe rank and file act differently than
they desire, fill out the following form and send it to thc Secretary, Vnncouver
'trades and Labor Council, 210 Labor Temple.
APPLICATION   FOR   MEMBERSHIP
to tbe
ONE   BIO   ONION
210 Lahor Temple,
Vancouver, B. 0.
PREAMBLE
Thc Onc Big Union seeks to organize the wage-worker, not according to
craft, but according to industry; according to class nnd class needs, irrespective of nationality, sex or craft, into a workers' organization, so Hint wc may
be enabled to more success fully cany on the everyday fight over wages,
hours of work, etc, and prepare ourselves for the day when production for
profit shall be replaced by production for use.
Fee to join, ♦1.00; Dues per month, $1.00.
Late	
Fellow Workers:
Having read thc above preamble, and being desirous of becoming a member
of thc 0. B. U., I herewith enclose the sum of $	
to pay initiation fee and dues for months.
Name Address 	
Occupation Employed nt	
(Ailvt.) PAUKFOUR
mjstenth tbab. No. m     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST       vancouvbb, b. a
FRIDAY...-
...September I, 191^
THE B. C. FEDERATIONIS
Published every Friday morning by The B. C.
Federationist, Limited
A. a WELLS...
...Managor
Office:    Labor   Temple,   405   Dunsmuir   Street.
Telephono Exchange, Seymour 7495
After 0 p.m., Sey. 7 ,»7K
Subscription Bates: United Statei ami Foreign,
.2.00 per year; Canada, $1.50 per year; in
Vancouver City, $2.00 per year; to Unions subscribing in a body, |1.25 per member per year.
Unity of Labor: Tht Hop* of Uu World
FRIDAY..
...September 5, 191»
CAPITAL KNOWS no boundary lines.
That is if there is any chanee for
trade. The cessation of war hag opened
up opportunities for business with the late
enemies of Great Britain and her Allies,
and Hun atrocities and
TRADE barbarities aro now for-
KNOWS NO gotten by big business,
BARRIERS.       as the following, taken
from the Weekly Bulle-
tin of thc department of Trade and Commerce of this Dominion, will show:
• • '     •
The British Chamber of Commerce in
Germany, which has been established at
133 Hohcstrasse, Cologne, has been formally recognized as the British Chamber of
Commerce in Germany, and is now affiliated with the Associated Chambers of
Commerce pf the United Kingdom. The
aim of this association, which already in-
eludes among its members firms with an
aggregate capital of $1,250,000,000.00, giving employment to 1,745,000 work people,
is to give advice and assistance to British
subjects, newcomers to occupied Germany, and to voice the needs of British
merchants, heavily handicapped as they
are in comparison with their French and
Belgian friends.
• •       •
The Chamber will be pleased to introduce British firms desiring representation in Germany to reputable agents,
either British or German, and to refer
prospective German buyers to British
manufacturers and merchants. Trade literature, catalogues, etc., are required in
order to assist local buyers to place their
orders with British firms. These Mfill be
displayed in a reading room, which is to
be opened shortly.
• •       •
Of course the persecution of the Soviet Government of Russia still continues,
but there is no opportunity for trade in
that country with the Soviets in control,
and as trade, which term implies a market, is the be all and end all of the ruling
olass idea, opportunities for trade must
be secured. To this end the capitalistic
world is waging war against the pro*
gressive forces in Russia, and attempting
to set up a government which will give
every opportunity for trade and exploitation of the natural resources, along with
the slaves of that country.
• •       •
While opportunities are being opened
for trade in the land of the Hun, and
Russia is being bombarded by every capitalistic method in order that trade relations may again be opened up, other fields
of exploitation are also receiving some
little attention by the international ruling
class. We are told that while the attitude of the United States Government
has not changed towards Carranza in
Mexico, that developments of the first
magnitude are soon to take plaee south
of the Rio Grande. One of the reasons
for these developments is, according to
the daily press, "not because of Carranza's arrogance or bandit raids or sporadic cases of infringement of American
rights, but beeause the country hag simply gone to pieces beyond recall, and no
other possible solution looms up."
»        •       •
The methods to be used are indicated
in the following press despatch
"Arrangements for the initial use
of both land and sea forces of the
United States have been completed,
not in a mere theoretical sense, but
because it is fully recognised that tho
work will have to be done.
"It is not expected that severe opposition will be encountered, though
provision will be made for all eventualities."
toe
The methods now being adopted so
that "trade" may be carried on with
various countries, and the attitude of the
world powers to Russia and Mexico, is
surely enlightening after the world has
been bathed in blood that democracy and
the right of self-determination of small
nations might be made safe. There is
Borne little similarity in the positions of
Mexico and Russia. Both have large oil
fields, and both are pretty well under the
control of the workers. While Carranza
is of the bourgeoise, he is absolutely dependent on the workers for his continued
holding of office.
• •        •
During thc trouble with Villa an agreement was drawn up ljetwccn the workers
ol' Mexico and Carranza, to thc effect
that the workers would support the government of (Jnrranza on condition that
tho workers Bhould be free to propagate
the principles of revolutionary Socialism
in all the cities and territory over which
Carranza gained control. Carranza preiented the revolutionary party with a
printing press of the most up-to-date design, and capable of printing 25,000
papers per hour, when the agreement was
entered into. Thc result of the above is
that thc policy of Carranza has to a large
extent been controlled by the workers of
the country over which he is President.
• t        •
Naturally this is not to the liking of
the ruling elass of the U. S. A. or other
nations, and steps are to be taken to bring
"order" into both Russia and Mexico.
Self-determination is to bc forgotten, and
while these countries ara being whipped
into lino, the once friendly Allies are falling all over themselves to get into thc
good graces of the big business interests
of Germany, so that "trade" may b'e carried on. And in their efforts to beat one
another to it, they, as usual, aro using
every means to defeat the aims of each
othor, and while quarrelling between
themselves are cultivating their late enemies. If the Gormana have a sense of
humor, they must certainly be laughing
up their sleeves.
*        •       •
Labor representatives from Great Britain and the United States have been re-
fused passports to attend international
working class gatherings at which Germans were present, and other labor men
of the Gompers type have refused to meet
the German working class representatives. But the very first opportunity that
presented itself was eagerly seized upon
by the very interests that were behind the
refusal of passports to the workors, to
get into touch and resume business with
the ruling class and business interests of
the lato enemy countries. If the workers
have any ideas loft as to the necessity
for continued racial and national prejudices, surely the antics of their masters
will dispel them. The workers, like their
masters, must refuse to recognize boundary lines, when their intorests are at
stake. The rule of capital is au international onc; thc workors must realize this
and act on international lines. The interests of the Russian workers are identically the same as the interests of the British,
the American or the German working
olass. Their mission must be to end the
present system of exploitation which enslaves the workers of all countrios alike.
Tho day of war and class antagonism will
then be at an end.
CONSTITUTED AUTHORITY, sedition and seditious conspiracy, are
terms that have been used considerably,
during the laat four years or jnore. We
have been given to understand that seditious conspiracy is an at-
THEY ■ ■ tempt to overthrow con-
SHOUIDBE stitutcd authority. No
PUNISHED. statements, h o w c ver,
have been made as to
who does the constituting of the authority.
D. D. Mackenzie, leader of the Opposition
in thc Dominion Parliament would, however, lead us to believe that the will of the
people is the determining factor in what
constituted authority is, and where it
shall rest. During the week he has moved
a resolution in the House calling for an
investigation into the manner in which the
last election was conducted. His resolution is as follows:
# •       •
"Whereas, the following telegram
was dispatched in code from Winnipeg by the Hon. Arthur Meighen, one
of the ministers of the crown, to Rt.
Hon, Sir R. L. Borden, prime minister
of Canada, on or about the 30th day
of November, 1917, and when deciphered, reads as follows:.
" 'Would like one thousand soldier
votes at large for Manitoba, of which
300 for Selkirk, balance divided between Provenehcr, Macdonald and
Springfield, or same proportion of division no matter what our allotment
may be.
(Sgd.)    " 'ARTHUR MEIGHEN.'
"And whereas the said telegram indicated the existence of a widespread
system of manipulation of votes, under the direction and with the approval of the ministers of the crown, '
for the purpose of defeating the will
of the Canadian people as expressed
at thc polls, and whereas, such scheme
of manipulation involves not only the
honor of thc ministers concerned, but
the constitutional rights of the people;
"Therefore, bc it resolved, that in
the opinion of this House a parliamentary committee should be chosen immediately for the purpose of investigating the matters expressed or implied in said telegram, and that the
said committee he vested with all
power and authority necessary for
the purpose of said inquiry, including
the right to summon witnesses and to
cause to be produced all necessary
papers and documents."
In view of the fact, that if the charges
arc proven, the government of this oountry will be deposed, can Mr. Mackenzie
be charged with seditious conspiracy 1
Surely he has struck a blow at the constituted authority of this country, and one
that is perhaps more deadly for the moment, than the teachings of Socialists,
who by word snd pen, advocate a new
order of society, in which government will
play no part, as the freeing of men for all
time would remove thc only necessity for
government, which is to rule a subjeot
class. i
• *       •
If, however, thc sole say so as to what
is constituted authority, is the people of
a country, what can be thought of a government which appealed to the conntry
on the need for conscription, in order that
democracy might be made safe; if it did
tamper with and attempt to defeat thc
sovereign will of the people. Was not the
government's plea, when appealing to thc
electorate, that it stood for democracy,
and thc highest freedom of the people of
the world. If its words could be taken
seriously, thc object of thc government
was to safeguard the right of small nations, to determine their own affairs, without interference from outside sources.
Surely a government that appealed to an
electorate on such "high grounds" would
not descend to the position of tampering
with the will of the peoplo expressed
through the polls. It has been rumored
that soldiers, even in this country, could
not vote except as directed under pain of
dire punishment, and that they were not
allowed, as were ordinary citizens, the
secret ballot, but had to submit to thcir
ballots being placed in an envelope, on
which their names and regimental number were .placed before their ballots were
deposited therein. *
Of course, the granting of an extra $S
per month to the women dependents of
the men engaged in military service* just
before the election, could not be construed
as being an effort to debauch the ejector-
ate, and to sway the people in their fhoice
of representatives for the Dominion house
Perish the thought that a government that
was elected on such a high ideal as the
safeguarding of democracy, eould ever
descend to such depths. But a grave
doubt enters our minds. Is it possible
that the leader of the Opposition is.making seditious statements when he moves
such resolutions! Or if the will of the
people is supreme, if Mr. Mackenzie's
charges are true, has thc government been
guilty of the crime of attempting to overthrow constituted authority? This matter
should be cleared up. Is not the democracy which was fought for an Flanders
fields in danger! If either one of the par
ties in question, whether it be the govern
ment, or the leader of the Opposition in
the. Houso, is guilty of attempting to overthrow constituted authority, they should
be brought to book and made to pay the
penalty, be that deportation, imprison
inent, or any other method of punishment
that will fit this heinotts crime. Labor
men have been arrested and held without
hail, for much leas serious attempts, to
overthrow constituted authority and all
that this entails.
MILITARISM is far from dead, even
although a war was waged for over
four years to destroy it. The present
session.of the House at Ottawa has been
expected to be a short one, but if the
people of this country
IMPERIALISM are alive }o the situa*
IS NOW tion, it will not only be
RAMPANT        a short onc, but will be
the last one that will sit
under the present government. Press dispatches from London announce the fact
that tho committee on Imperial defense,
on which Canada is represented by General McBrien, has taken definite steps to
apportion thc relative strength of the
military forces that are to be contributed
to the Imperial defense by Canada and
other dominions.   The despatch states:
• *        *   .
"The committee recommended that
in future the military forces contributed by the overseas Dominions
be complete in themselves, that is,
that a fixed proportion of General
Headquarters and lines of communi-
cation troops be maintained with dU
visional strength. This was done ',1$
Canada, but not in the case of A.us«
tralia, for instanoe. Another com*
mittee on which Canada was repre*.
sented, and which is still sitting;;.is
that on Imperial Defense, which jjgjj
lay down the relativo strength of Jho
forces each Dominion would be.«»•
pectcd to raise in case of future war,
both naval and military. It is uriiJfeK
stood that in case of naval contrip'uf
tors the recommendations of the com.
mittee differ somewhat from those* of
Admiral JeUicoe, who will visit ChjiU
ada in the autumn to confer with ffie
Dominion authorities. A third Imperial committee which will meet short,
ly will consider the exchange of officers between the Mother Country and
thc Dominions. This will be done as
before the war, but on a larger scale,
exchanges of Canadian and Imperial
and Australian and Indian officers,
for instance, being arranged."
• •        •
Imperialism is the logical outcome of
the present system. As the need for
greater markets arises nations must seek
pastures new. Colonics must be established, protectorates gained over other
countries, and all the.Imperialistic trimmings that are necessary to the continued
upkeep'of the rule of capital. Imperialism
must naturally assume an arrogant attitude in its relation to the colonies, and its
subjects, and Canada is today in the
position where it must be ruled not by
the people, but by the dictates of,the
Imperialistic forces of the British "Empire. Germany never put over anything
much rawer than the military scheme
that is being hatched for home consumption in this country. There are members
of the workirig class who would not use
the ballot. There arc members of the
working class who have the opinion that
only direct action on the job will be effective, but while this country is but the adjunct of an imperialistic Empire such as
the world never saw before, they must
cither take every means at their command to combat the militaristic mad junkers of this Empire, or become even worse
slaves of a military machine than were
the Germans.
• •        •
Recognizing that politics will play a
considerable part in the attitude of the
Opposition in the House, to the peace
treaty, and its attitude on militarism in
Canada, Labor organizations should1 Iat
once take up this question of militarism,
and don test every seat as it becomes, vacant, and at tho general election contest
every possible constituency. Liberalism
will not aet any differently than Cihser-
vatism on working class problems, a^d if
it was necessary that militarism should
be destroyed in Germany, then the wwiik-
ers of this country must start in nOW to
see that the military machine does,' jiot
control the lives of the people with a more
terrible stranglehold than was the lot of
the Germans in 1914, '•_'.
If a policeman were to come to your
house tonight and hold you up in the
name of the government. And then tomorrow send another policeman round demanding payment for services rendered
for keeping you in order while he robbed
you. And because he hsd taken all you
possessed thc night before, he compelled
you to enter into an agreement providing
that all that you produced over aad above
what you required for your sustenance
should be his, and this blessing should de.
seend to your children. This would be
an exact epitome of Imperialism, whieh
is simply capitalism, spreading itself by
moans of military and diplomatic force,
U.S.LABORPARTY
National Labor Party Is
Planned for United
States
In Chicago on Monday, August 18,
a conferenco was- called on tlio initiative of the exocutive committee of
tho Labor Party of Illinois, the
Lnbor Party of Cook County, the
Illinois Sti*to Federation of Labor
and the Chicago Federation of
Lnbor. Thirty delogatos attended
from Connecticut, New Tork, Ohio,
Illinois, Minnesota, South Dakota
and Kansas. Credentials were received from California and Pennsylvania, but delegates did not arrive. Tne non-partisan delegates
wcro in attendance in an advisory
capacity.
Initial steps were takon toward
the formation of a nntional party
for labor and it was decided to issue
a call for a eonvention to organise
the national party at Chicago November 22, 1919.
The formation of thia national
Labor Party in viow of the opposition of the A. F. of L. is interesting,
especially so when the three great
industrial states, viz., New , York,
Pennsylvania and Illinois state federations immediately following the
statemont of the A. F. of L. against
political action created stato labor
parties endorsed by tho state federations of labor. It looks aB if the
American workers at lust realize the
need of political action as well as
industrial action and the outcome
of the convontion to be held in November will be watched with great
interest by tho workers in Canada.
Peace Loving Doukhobors
Were Almost Driven
Off Land
The following clipping from the
London Daily Herald will interest
all workers who contributed to the
salvation of thc Doukhobors from
tho heel of the uggressor:
"Apropos of tho attempt of the
Canadian Government to drive out
the peace-loving Doukhobors from
thoir lands, a Canadian soldior
writes:
" 'We havo beon mnking a strong
flght to uphold tho honor of thc
British word in the caso of the
Doukhobors. Returned soldiers coveted their splendidly cultivated
land, and asked the governmont at
Ottawa for thcra. Appraisers wero
actually on the ground.
" 'Canadian statesmen have tram-
plod on the honor of the British Empire before, but we havo saved it
this time.'
"This result, he continues to say,
oould not havo been achieved but
for tho splendid roply of Canadian
Labor, which sont telegram after
telegram of protest to Ottawa/'
"In ordor that people may be happy in their work, theso throe tilings
are nooded; they must be fit for it;
they must not do too much of it;
and they muat have a sense of success in it." Theso were thc words
of John Buskin iu 1851. Each of
these three phases is important; tho
last most of all today.—Collier's.
New York.—Tho Actor's Equity
association has tied up practically
overy theatre in this city, and the
strikors, who include America's foremost playors, are arranging to open
theatres on a co-operative basis, and
also place co-oporativo players on
tho road. They aro being assisted
by stage mechanics and musicians,
who are striking in sympathy with
the actors.
Eevokes 25 Charters
St. Louis.—President Frank J.
Hayes of the Unitod Mine Workers
of America, was without his union
card Wednesday. When Frank Farrington, president of the Illinois
mine workers, revoked charters of
25 locals because of the recent insurgent move, Hayes' union membership was taken away. Hayes was
member of Local 685, Collinsvillc,
111., where ho worked before being
elected international president.
Seattle Printers Strike
Nearly every job printing shop in
Seattle was clesed Tuosday by a
striko of between 350 and 500 job
pressmen, pressfeeders and bindery-
room workers. Tho striking pressmen aro asking for a uniform wage
of $7 tor o. seven-hour day. The
bindery girls havo asked for an increase from $21 to (28 a woek. A
compromise offered by the employers
has btea refused.
Trinidad, Col.—Eighteen workers
lost their lievs in. the Oakview coal
mine. An explosion occurred and
the men wora trapped behind the
;wall of mini and escape was impossible. A score ot other workers wore
reeuod through various openings in
the mine. The bodieswere recovered
4,000 feet beneath tha workings of
the mine.
The present position which we, the
oducatod and well-to-do classes, occupy it that of tho Old Man of tho
Sea, riding on the poor man's back;
only, unlike tho Old Mun of the Soa,
wo are very sorry for the poor man,
vory sorry; and we will do almost
anything for the poor man's relief
—anything but get off his baek,
Leo Tolstoi.
Winnipeg.—Dissatisfied with tho
lack of interest shown by the tale-
phone commission in their proposals
regarding a wage schedule and working conditions, the telephone operators ' union has carried their flght
for recognition to the provincial cabinet.
SIGNS OF
THE TIMES
STANFIELD'S
UNDERWEAR
for the Fall and Winter has just come in.
The cases that
brought it from Nova
Scotia looked as big
as small houses. We
can assure you the
values are as big as
the cases looked.
$100 to $9.00
A SUIT
RICKSON'S
APPAREL TOR MBH
820 Granville Street
Seymour 2259
ORPHEUM
THEATRElYl
THE HOME OF OOOD
VAUDEVILLE
Matinee  3.30
Evenings 8.20
PANTAGES
* NEXT WEEK
MIKE BOTAL UYW MP*
Eqoilibri«tle M.rvel.
SU   VEHBIIAlt   OTPSIES
othtr Big rebate.
START NOW
•-TO—
Learn to Earn
—AT THB-
PITMAN
BUSINESS
COLLEGE
Individual Io|tnietion
ESTABLISHED   1898
The Oldest ud Beit BniineM
College ln British Columbia
422
RICHARDS
Phone Ser. 9135
Cor.   Hastings  and  Bichards
Stevenson Hat Works
964'/, QBANVILLB STBEET
Vancouver, B. O.
Hen's and Womon' Hats of every
kind cleaned and blocked.
PAINTERS REPUDIATE
ACTION OF DELEGATES
To Nominate Delegate! to A. I. ot —
end International
Offlcen
Hereafter the local union tt
Painters No. 138 will meet every
second and fourth Thursday, instoad
of every Thursday aa at present
At the meeting of last week, the
secretary was by motion instructod
to repudiate tho action of the dole-
gates at tho mooting of the Tradea
and Labor Council, June 7, in reporting the firm of Bishop k Gaa-
koll as. being unfair. This is not the
case, the only unfairness about this
place of business being the action of
tho members in working thore whon
all of their fellow-workers were on
atriko in support of the workers of
Winnipeg. At the next meeting the
main businoss will be the nomination of international offlcors and
dclogatea to the next convention of
tho A. F. of L. Every membor is
requested to be prosent and take a
sliaro in reforming the Brotherhood
of .Painters and the A. F. of L. Thoy
need it.
Washington.—A new striko vote
by 9*0,000 railroad shopmen has
beon ordered by President Jewell of
ihe Railway Employees department
of tha American Federation of
Labor, on Preaident Wilson's pro
position lor a four-sent per hear
wag* increase. _
A Princely Proletarian
The contractor had just finished
paying ofl his laborers.
"Now," he inquired, with _
timid, ingratiating air, "will on*
of you gentlemen kindly lend mo th*
priee of a meal and a bodl"
"Jump in here, boss," called a
bighcarted bricklayer, from hia
limousine. "I'll drive yoa down t»
my club and put you up for th*
night,"—Lifa
CONTRAST THE TWO!
WHY SHOULD YOU BE without a watch—or
with one that is always tripping you up and giving you trouble
WHEN YOU MAT OWN a line-looking, beautifully built
watch that is absolutely accurate and roliablel Think
of the pleasure of possessing auch a watch.
If you caunot call and see our watches, write and let tu
send you particular* by mail.     Men'* Watches—fully
guaranteed—ut—
$20, $25, $30, $35, $50
ANO UP
0*0. E. Trorey
Managing Dlr.
**
Oranvlll**
Georgia Sta.
iet$tUna* '
TEA
The choice of the
successful hostess
-THE--
W. H. MALKIN CO., LIMITED
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Don't order tea-ask yonr grow tot
BEBT" tea
'MALKIN
DT'S
PATRONIZE  FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISER^
DENTAL
PLATES
My method o£ oonstruo-
tion is perfected according
to thc fundamental prin.
ciplcs of dental science.
All plates are theoretically
correct and perfectly
adapted for comfort and
ease of articulation.
DR. GORDON
CAMPBELL
GRANVILLE ST.
Corner ol Bobaon 8lnet
Our Owl Drug Store
Phut Soy. tu*
Denial Him la Attendance
BOK't FOBS WHSK TOO
TEIBFHOXI
Thoro wss . picture in tho papers
reeentlr ol lull Bennett, motle .tar,
mini the tolephono. Miss Bennott is
• tne netroM, snd iho .ore y knows
how to ut • tolephono. but la this
Illustration lbe hsd her face turn.*
■war 'rom tho tranamltter. Perhapi
sho waa peeing, but it might hate tar
seated to some one that her matao*
... the proper tnt when ttUphtnlnf.
Whea root telephone, talk direcllr
Into tht Inttniment, with your llpt aa
Inch or se from tbe tranemitlor. Thea
ro« will ham to talk la an ordinary
tone, and tha person at tht othtr end
will bo able to hear 70U dlitinctlj*.
n O. IBiaPHOM OOMPAItT. LTD.
WOMAN desires, by   th*   how,
cleaning; end will mak* herself generally useful.
Apply care ot MISS E. FENTON,
41 Hastings Streot East.
MONET IK OIL
Wt art in a position to sell the loi.
lowing at adtantagt-oue pricts: Canada
Oil * Venture, IMlt Meadow., Spartan,
Kmpire, Lone Star, O. Tag. Weimar.
Trojan, Boundary Bar, International and
other good .took..
"McOVAIO'S"
433 Htsatr Bt. Phont Sey. 736*
FIRST CHURCH OP
CHRIST SCIENTIST
11W <HWfl» BUM*
Bufer Mivlcw, 11 sia. Md T.SO p.B.
Sundty lehool immediately following
morning eerrioe. Wednesday UstkaoBial
meeting, • p.m. Free reeding too*,
B01-908   Blrfci   Bldg.	
DENTIST
Dr. H. E. Hall
OBOWN AHD BMDOB
SPECIALIST
M HASTINGS EAST
Opposite Hallta Itock
last last ef B. O. Eltetrlo DtptS
ooi'i ansa—11 sou
Phene Soy. **« -
at£ftolG$a
aaa
mooiroiATio mm
Bank of Toronto
Assets ent 1100,000,000
Depoelt* .-.—    71,000,000
Joint Sayings Aooount
A JOINT Satlaga Account may he
tpened st Tht Bank ol Tomato
la tht name of two or  men
In   thtat   atcounta   either
parlr mar alga thequta ......
■onty. For tht different membtn
if a famllr or a Inn a Joint meant
Is ofttn a great tonvenionot. Interest
le paid oa balance..
Vancourer Branch!
Oetner Baiting, sad den-Ms Stntt*
Braaohea at:
Vtictlt, lew WattmlattSf
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value.
fife
Two Stores:
Society Brand]
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Fostei
Unitod
PBOTBOT TOUB FAMILY
PBOTBOT T0VB8BLM
Our business Is saving!
money for your family andl
for you.
Crowa Life Ins. Co.1
Phon* Sty. 710
421-13 BOOEBS BLDO.
BKENTON 8. BBOWN,
Prov. Manager.)
t ap Tboae Seymour HM <*|
appointment
Dr.W.J.Curnl
n - DENTIST
MU SOI Dominion BalMlaf '
VAJHJOUVBB, B, O,
Mr. *Uaioa Man, do yot buy at | BIDAY.... September S, 1»1(
eleventh tbab. No. 36    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    VAjrcoirvss, b. q.
Union St
ore
for . . .
Union M
en
400 Suits being sacrificed at cost,
19.00 to $25.00. Do you want to
save money. If so, buy two or
three of them.
In Furnishings, we have 12 pairs
Sox for $2.00.
Reg. $1.75, $2.00 and $2.50 Negligee Shirts for $1.50; sizes 14 to 20.
We fit all comers, big or small.
We are a Union Store. We sm»-
port a Union Labor paper. _ We
expect our proportion of Union
trade. We are not getting our
share of Labor Union customers.
We support your paper—you must
support us.
The Jonah-Prat Co.
401 Hutings Street West
OPPOSES WAR
Oil Magnates Meet with
Stiff Opposition from
the Toilers
New York.—Mexico'• toilers, ao*
Cording to all information thftt hM
reached New York, aro unanimous
in opposing intervention by the
United States. Their opposition
irises, not from any ill-feeling
toward the people of the United
States, but from their conviction-
that the workera of both countries
involved will have to give their
livei to advance the ambitions of
conscienceless group of Anglo-
French-American oil magnates.
lt will bo rcnipmbcrod that at tho
Pun-Amorican Labor Congress, held
here in July, tho delegates unanimously passed a resolution against
intervention, proposed by Luis M.
Morones, of thc , Confederation of
Mexican Workers.
Moro recently, on August 17, a
telegraphic message reached New
York from Francisco Cervantes Lopez, secretary of tho Mexican Socialist Party, which roads ti follows:
"Tho Mexican   Socialist   Party
calls upon the American proletariat
. to organize for concerted economic
action to prevent   intervention   in
Jrtexico."
In viow of the faot that tho overwhelming majority of the Mexican
workers are of CathoKe faith, it %
significant to noto that three Catholic archbishops—from tho Mexican
cities, respectively/ of Linares, Mi-
choacan, and Guadalajara—have ad*
dressed an appeal to tho Catholic*
of both Mexico aad the United
States, to lend thoir influence and
efforts toward avoiding war between
tho two nations.
The   statement   of   theso   arch*
Workers Awaken to Uie
Demand for Self-
Determination
Now York.—Labor ia rapidly organizing in India. In Madras, there
are now the Textile Workers' Union,
Tramway men's Union, Bickshawal-
la's Union, Printers' Union and the
Bailway Workshop Union.
Speaking at a meeting in London
on July »tk Mr. B. P. Wadia,
president of the Madras Labor
Union, aaid that tho workera of Indian textile factories were paid $5
a month for a woek of 72 hours.
During their 12-hour day thoy
were allowed 30 minutes for a meal,
but it took so long to file out of the
factory and baek again, that as a
matter of fact oach man had only
about 12 or 13 minutes in which to
swallow his food.
This was India under the reformed factory legislation of 19111 Previously the men had worked a 14,
16 and 17%-hour day,
Housing, said Mr. Wadia, waa
still only an academio problom in
India, and housing arrangements
aro non-existent. Children between
the agos "of nine and fourteen were
employed in factories for six hours
a day.
bishops ia regarded as especially
significant in view of tho fact that
certain American clergymen, among
them especially Monsigneur Kelly
of Chicago, aro trying to persuade
American Catholics that the cause
of their faith wonld be advanced
by our intervention in Mexican
affairs. The Mexican archbishops
deny emphatically that thia would
be the case.
EMPLOYMENT SERVICE OF CANADA
The Department of Labour and the
Provincial Governments have organized
a System of Employment Offices from
Coast to Coast for Returned Soldiers and
all classes of workers—Men and Women
—trained and untrained.
A Special Section exists for Professional and Business workers.
To look after the special needs of the
RETURNED SOLDIER there is in each
of these offices, a representative of the
INFORMATION AND SERVICE BRANCH
DEPARTMENT OF SOLDIERS' CIVIL RE-ESTAPLISHMENT
NEAREST OFFICES
Cranbrook,
Penile,
Kamloope,
Nanailho,
Nelson,
New Westminster;
Penticton,
Prince Rupert.
Revelstoke,
Vancouver.
Vancouver,
Victoria,
Vernon,
10 Baker Street
162 Victoria Ave,
248 Victoria St.
Windsor Block
Royal Bank Bldg., Baker St
Board of Trade Bldg.
Shatford Block, Main Stnet
P. O. Drawer 167*
First St. W.
140 Cordova Straet
Alcaiar Hotel, Dunamulr St
Langley and Broughton Sta.
235 Barnard Ave. S.
Tal. No.
SO
73A
495
717
140
189
251
fn
n
a. 2S7i
• 345*
(39
191
V
S
ON I WALL
Chicago Machinists Bulletin Opposes Craft
Unionism
From all over tha eountry comes
tho cry of enslaved lahor for action
to moot the ever increasing cost of
life. Old stylo trades unionism hai
failed to accomplish this purpose.
Evory striko is new evidence of the
hopelessness of graft unionism. Hla
greatest harm that the Gompers
stylo of trades unionism has done ia
not in its inability to get better material condition for the masses, but
the fact that the old style trades
unionism has chloroformed the
brains and hearts of the worker, it
has never made an attempt in the
smallest way to educate the membership and prepare them for aetion
along evolutionary linos. Moat of
the A. F. of L. membership are wandering in the dark; liko a lot of
sheep waiting for the bell wether to
lead out to light. What the A. F.
of L. is going to do, ean be best understood when all the A. F. of L.
officials are abandoning the spirit of
the rank and file by advising, discussing and practically reorganizing
the uninformed membership along
linos laid out for thom by the bankrupt middle class representatives.
Taft, Oompers, Wilson end all the
payroll patriots of lesser calibro are
the spiritual leaders of tho rank and
file. What the outcome will be is
not hard to guess. In spite of all tho
Protestation that the A. F. of L. is
ast becoming industrialized and the
whole oonntry shaken by strikes of
disappointed labor and no effort
whatever made to really establish industrial unionism, how can any sane
or intelligent porson havo faith in
snch protestations! We are of the
opinion that instead of being naturalised thc A. F. of L, is becoming
demoralized.
However, the handwriting is on
the wall. From all over the country
there are signs of revolt, (shoemakers, clothing workers, railroad workers, lumber workers, transport
workers, machinists and mnny othors
too numerous to mention, have
thrown down the gauntlot to tho reactionary leaders of the A. F. of L.
Hundreds of thousands are now organizing for Industrial Unionism, at
tho rate these are growing it won't
be very long when organized workers will be found in real .Industrial
Unions than in tho A. F. of L. Whon
that finally happens, and happen it
muat, then wo shall havo a real Industrial Labor Union, basod upon the
spirit of International solidarity of
labor. What will these reactionary
leaders do thenf Like Powderly of
tho Knights of Labor fame, got fat
political obs, that will not bc such a
bad thing for Labor, as they would
only openly do what they privately
aro hoping and - perhaps nre doing
now. The mills of the gods grind
slowly and exceedingly fine. Con*
servative and reactionary labor
unions and leaders will be and are
being ground up in the mills of tho
gods of Labor.—Chicago Machinists
Monthly Bulletin.
ARE INCREASING
It,
Departments Oppose
Bat Cannot Seem
to Stop It
New York.—Capitalism is struck
white with terror at the thought
that tho policemen, too, are organizing. Employers dread what may
happen in case an organized "cop"
is called upon to club down a follow
worker in a labor dispute.
In Now York, the policemen perfected their< organization quite recently. The names of tho officials
have not yet beon made public, as
the wrath of the police commissioner
is foared while the organization iS
in its infancy.
It is reported that tho demands of
this new "trade" will demand .tho
abolishment of the present reserve
system, the adoption of a straight
eight-hour day and a minimum pay
of $1500 a year for new men, with
un increase of $100 a yoar until a
maximum of £2000 a yoar is reached.
The germ has spread over to Jersey City, N. J., so the Director of
the Department of Public Safety
sent a letter to the chief of polled
in which he said;
"This movement is a violation of
tho rules of the department, and I
direot that you make an investigation and suspend and prefer charges
ngainst any man or men who may
huvo beon interested in its promo-
lion. I am a strong advocate of organized labor, but I do not think
lhat a movement of this kind would
benefit cither organized labor or tho
community. The purpose of theso
men is to use orgnnized labor for
their own selfish interests. Proceed
immediately to find out the true
condition of the forco, and report to'
me, that I may take such notion as
I may doom flt for thc protection of
the department. Discipline must be
maintained."
On August IS, members of tho
Boston police force, disregarding a
recent order of Police Commissioner
Curtis forbidding their joining any
organization outsido the department
except the associations of war veterans, organized a union under charter from the Amorican Federation of
Labor.
About 1400 members of the forco
participated in the afternoon and
evening meetings.
I"»«'«V»"S'H"«iHWH s s ■
Culture and Kultur
■IMM '
iftUt »M *'$l*
?Aoam*
How often during the great war4 'German   is' slowly but  surely   be-4 'country and by false teachings and
Wilmington, Del.—Industry is
moro deadly than modern war was
ono of tho points mado by C, W.
Priee, general managor of the national sufcty council, iu a speech in
this city. Ho said thut during the
111 months of tho war, of the 2,000,-
000 American soldiors who went
Overseas, 50,150 woro killed or died
from battle wounds, while at home
iu industrial life in the aame ,19
mouths, 200,000 wore injurod and
126,064 men, women and children
wore killed through accidents. He
pointed out thut evory day of the
10 months 220 men, womon and ohildren were killed by accident in the
United Statos.
have we not pickod up tho nows-
paper and read glowing accounts of
tho Allied armies and of the high
moral incentive behind all their actions. The Allied aeroplane raids
and duels for instance. Hew
newspapers speak with pride
though they were Indeed a glorious
achievement, The aviators returning flushed with victory and drunk
with the thoughts of how many
planes they bad "downed" speak
of theso things lightly, they call it
"ripping sport," just as though thoy
were shooting at clay pigeons. The
mere fact of them speaking in such
terms of thoso expeditions is proof
onough of their own "kultur."
Would-be bourgeois philosophers
are loud in their condemnation of
what they term " kultur "—German
kultur. They will make somo stupid,
dogmatic assertion regarding it
which immediately settles it as far
as they are concerned.
Before it is possible to arrive at
a clear understanding as to the
meaning of culture a knowledge of
sociology and ethics is vitally necessary.
Thero are two ways of studying
mankind and his dovelopment, i. o.,
from-the viewpoint of natural history or from his achievements. The
former would deal with the characteristics oi* race, the latter with the
hiBtory of culture. By culture is
meant tho tools, the equipment, and
methods of advancement.
"Kultur," in tha- words of the
bourgeoisie mean "the whole of that
practical German system of affairs,
particularly the official machinery,
whoch, driven by a doliberato scheme
has raised him as a civilized man
above what ho looks upon as thc
savage, therefore, by an analysis of
both culture and kultur, wc arrive
at tho only logical conclusion possiblo, both terms resolving themselves under the one heading, both
of them being the result of the various methods of advancement used by
all peoples.
Tho various doctrines which were
disseminated among the Germans
would havo had nlmost i[identically
thc samo effect had they been instilled into the minds of the British.
We are told by various intellectual prostitutOB that the British poople, posacssing characteristics and
temperament far different to the
Germans, would never allow themselves to bo dominated by a militaristic clique of inhuman monsters
such as wcro in power in Germany.
The different characteristics of race
matters .not one iota. It is solely
due to doctrines and teachings impregnated into the minds of the
poople that creates militarism and
all its inherent horrors and vilenoss.
Tho Britisher, regardless of his so
called bull-dogged tenacity, etc., etc.
could no moro resist the militaristic
dogma forced upon him than could
the poor spiritless German; who, by
the way, is closely related to us
Anglo-Saxons, us Britishers. Militarism—capitalistic militarism is
powers-might, before which the
common people have to give way and
accept, regardless of thcir conceptions. Militarism is a necessary adjunct to capitalism without which,
neither could oxist. Militarism, in
tho words of the martyred Karl
Leibknecht, "Is one of the original
sins of capitalism which may be susceptible of being mitigated hore and
thoro, but of which it will.be purged only in the purgatory of Socialism." Every German school hnd its
element of militarism within its
walls, an element that the young
mind was impregnated with regardless of their antipathy toward it.
Here is what a naturalized American, who onoe was a Gorman, says:
"Have not their pholosophers, thcir
great writers, their preachers said
that they are the nation of super-
that God is a German god,
who speaks to the world only in a
German language." He goes on to
give a few rough translations from
some of the folk-songs they sang in
school when they were youngsters.
As follows: "The people rise, tho
storm breaks. Who keeps hts hands
folded in his lap liko a cowurdf
Shame on the lout bohind tho stove!
Ho is an honorless miserable curt
Good luck to you men who can wield
sword. You, sword at my left,
why do you shine so gaylyl You
make me feel so glad, you look at
me so kindly." And the sword answers, "A brave horseman carries
me, that's why I am so glad. I am
a freeman's weapon, that's why I
am so gay."
"Thore is no more beautiful death
than a soldier's death on the battlefield."
These are a few quotations picked
at random from a German song-book
used in school (is it not possible to
find such like quotations in other
schools, not Germanf). Every Gorman youth pictured himself a warrior. The officers and soldiors wore
envied by overy boy. A papier
mnche helmet, a tin sword, a wooden
gun nnd a hobby-horso were the
most covotod Christmas present*.
No German nursery was without an
ample supply of tin soldiers, whioh
were used by five-year-old tots in
complicated manoeuvres.
How the frequent parades inspir-
uniforms of the various branches of
the service drove them to wildest
enthusiasm as they lined up On the
streets and watched the soldiers pass
by.     .
You do not seo those wonderful
uniforms in war. They hnve served
their purpose and nre stowed away
in the armory lockers. Those magnificent trappings were well calculated and successful stimulants for
"Dementia Germanics." Such are
tho seeds planted in the minds of,
the young.
In England aro not the self-same
teachinga carried onf During the
great war. did thoy not decry the
slacker—the lout behind the atovef
Have we not been taught that the
British sword is a freeman's weapon f Is it not said that thc most
glorious death is on the battlefield!
"Pro Patria." But this is "culture," not "kultur."
The self-same formula used by the
HUMAN BAKE OVEN
For    Rh«mm§t.«m,    flout.    Neuralgia,
Lumbago, ficiutic* and othor Ailments
st b*d blood ind poor circulation.
How Method Sanatorium
CANADA LIFE  BUILDING
•40 HMtino sttt* Pb«H **>r siei
VANCOUVKK.  B.  O.
ing administered to the Briton,
.During peaco times in Germany,
"kultur" assumes a far different
aspect to what it is in time of war,
Then, the German is not a "Hun,"
ho is just a plain, home-loving, domesticated, beer-drinking, stodgy individual; absolutely harmless.
Eyeryone is aware that in Germany in pre-war dayB the organisation and control of aot only the military machine but of the industrial
machino as well had been brought
to a high state of efficiency. The
standing army was intended not only
for foroign aggression, but, for enforcing the necessary certain conditions that were essential for the advancement of industry in Germany
itsolf. Tho government of Germany
showed great foresight in this re
spoct, which apparently other countries failed to do. However, they
have now learned thoir lesson and—
dare we say it—are adopting to a
vety mot degree the ideas and
methods of which the Germans were
the originators. German militarism
has been crushed, and out of the
ashes, arises another militarism
which smacks —more of the bulldog and Uncle Sam than the dasch
und; a militarism whieh in time
(barring accidents) will eclipse in
iron discipline, efficiency and brutality, oven the military machine that
was once Germany's.
Years ago, in the various military
training colleges of England;
Moltkc—heaven forbid—a Gorman,
was looked upon as the master mind
of strategy; many a young officer
worshipping at the shrine of Von
—Moltkc. Today, however, Moltko-
olatry has to a great degree fallen
by the wayside; its place being
usurped by a more efficient system,
brought into being by the lessons of
tho Boer war and perfected by tho
experience of this last bloody conflict.
There is one set of morals and
ethics for war and another for peace,
and the Gorman government realised this fact far more clearly than
others did. Britain, herself attempted thc impossible iu trying to wage
war, still clinging to the meral code
«f peace for a time but eventually
waking up to thc fact that in so
doing she was playing a losing game.
Did not Lord Wolsely himself say:
"As a nation wo are brought up to
feel it a disgrace to succeed by
falsehood; the word spy convoys in
it somothing as repulsive aa slave.
We still koep hammering away with
the conviction that honesty is the
best policy and tnat truth is bound
to win in the long rim. Theso pretty (]ittlo sentences do well for a
child's copy-book, but thc man who
acts upon thom in war had better
shtfathe his sword forever.''
- iftlitarism, war, kuitur, etc., are
simply the effects of a certain syBtem — capitalism — the one great
cause. Tho method of produetion
and distribution of commodities is
baaed upon competition in and for
thii markets of the world. Production for proflt, brought about by
this degrading system of wage slavery, this and this alone is the incentive for war,
Germany, fast becoming one of the
loading commercial nations, realized
only too woll that a huge, well- organized army was necessary to uphold and enhance hor position as
such. Surrounded, you might say,
with onemius on all sides, she was
compelled by economic conditions to
adopt certnin methods, and one of
tho greatest essentials was a huge
army ready and equipped for rapid
mobilization. Great Britain knew
that Germany was surely getting a
strangle hold on her commercial supremacy and so, waB forced to build
up a tremendous navy. Being an island kingdom, a navy was absolutely necessary. The Berlin to Bagdad railroad which tho Germans
wished to construct was for the specific purposo of oponing up a vaat
stretch of territory wherein they
could have created huge markets for
thcir surplus commodities. This, if
accomplished, would have beon a sovere blow to Britain, for Germany
could have flooded the markets of
Asia Minor with commodities with a
greater degree of expedition than
Great Britain, thus ensuring It monopoly of trado in that eountry, besides getting perilously close to the
back door of that most cherished
possession of Britain's—India.
Apart from tho markets thus created, there would also be the vast
resources frith which this country
nbdunds. In this land of the Arab
and Turk nre vast tracts of land
which at prosent is a desert, but
which, by the introduction of irrigation, can become capable of producing foodstuffs to a vast degree. The
potentialities of Asia Minor are enormous.
Instead of commerce being rooted
in poace, aa certain bourgeois intellectuals would have us believe, it
ia rooted in war, the race for commercial supremacy being the incentive. We are also told by these same
discriminators of false doctrines of
the high moral incentive thnt has
guided the worid to enter the great
trai. What ia the incentive! The
incentive of a robber who in nbout
to bt robbed by another.
Had Germany attained sueh world
superstition tbey gained certain con*
cessions which they grossly violated,
with the result that today India is
ono of the most cherished possessions
of Britain 1
During the last century in India,
ths nat;ves died of atarvufion by
tons of thousands while their exploiters became surfeited in wealth;
even in England especially during
the eighteenth century what do we
And, fitfrtble treatment of Wfflftfiff
and childron slaves in factories was
appalling. In these industrial hells
arose some of tho groatest fortunes
of today. Such methods aa these
form the foundation of all Empires.
Who dares speak of culture! Who
dares criticize "kultur!" Culture—
when there are thousands suffering
the -pangs of starvation. Culture—
when they allow blind men to feel
thoir wny through life—alone. Cnl*
ture—when they refaso te give the
daughtors of men sufficient to live
upon, which forces them to become
—prostitutes. Culture—whou they
even buy and sell their own daugh
tors in the marriage market.
Wbat right hnve these base exploiters of humanity to dare crlti-
" kultur f" Their very lips that>
utter such cant, sueh hypocritical
utterances, ought truly to shrivel up
as in a fiory furnace. However,
sooner or later, proletarian^ tho Samson of today, will lay hold on tho
pillars of capitalism and will hurl
into'the abyss of yesterday tho vile-
'neBi and hypocrisies of today.
T. F. M.
cd the Germans.   How thn splendid 'wide power and dominion a hundred
years ago, sueh as Britain now pos
tosses, history would have been
somewhat different to what it ia today. The world is limited to a certain area, and already tho various
nations such as Britain control and
dominate the greater portion of the
earth's surface, so that Germnny,
desirous of territorial expansion,
would naturally have to wrest some
of the territory from n»mo other nation. Gormany, committed a crime
instfar as she attempted to become
today what Great Britain in already.
Germany attempted to become an
empire too late in the day.
Germany attempted by the power
of niight and rutblosaness what has
already boen done by other powers,
by the self-same methods. Turn baek
the pages of history and road about
the vnrious expeditions made by thc
hired buccaneers and plunderers. In
Africa, into the heart of the jungle
tbey went to enforce certain conditions, peacefully if possible, but if
this failed by other—methods. Into
the continent they eame and by foree
of arms, travelling westward, and by
economic pressure forcing the native Indian out of existence. Into
Ipdia they went and like the brigands they were, by eraft and cunning gained a foothold in that groat
country. Onco gaining a foothold
thev unon tuireud themselves over tha-
IN
Questions of International
Interest Taken Up
and Discussed
Paris.—The Departmental Union
ef the Workers' Syndicates of the
North recently held a congress nt
the Workers' Exchange of Lille.
Tho delegates of ull the syndicates
of the North, representing more than
60,000 workers, took part.
All questions of the day concerning tho workers' lifo were examined. Laurent, delegate of the " C. G.
T," (General Confederation of
.abor) spoko of tho strike of July
21 and explained tho reasons for its
suspension. The congress has "renewed to the C. G. T. the expression
of its unchanging trust."
Among othor questions whieh
wore examined waa that of foroign
labor.
In regard to Belgian labor the
congross has asked that the Belgian
workers he employed in France onl/
when there will be no mure professional Fronch workers in service;
it further pledged itself to ask for
the return of Chinese workers and
of prisoners of war.
Concerning tho German workers
who are to replace the prisoners of
warf the congress hns decided to
submit the question to the noxt international syndicate of Amsterdam.
At the beginning of thc congross
a meoting presided over by Delory,
deputy of tho North, was held in the
Workers' Exchango in honor of
Jaures. Then a procession of many
thousands ef people was formed
having at its hoad the administrative of the co-operatives, the members of tho locals of Lille nnd the
delegates of the Workers' Syndicates. Tho procosslon moved to the
wall of the Eastern Cemetery where
a palm was laid down to tho memory of Jaures. Speeches wore dcliv-
orod by Bon dues, Saint-Vcuant aud
Laurent.
HELP ALONG!
Patronize Federationist Advertiser!
Chicago.—Tke Oran Company hu
adopted a now scheme to chock up
undesirables. It forwarded ballots
with self-addressed envelopes to ita
7000 atriking employeea, with a request tkat they vote on the question whether tke "works should
be re-opened." The company can
now check up tho names it forwarded ballot, to with tke returned ballots.
Plan.: iqint 3<tf
THE   NIKKO
ufobrm or MnunsE ahd
nonu silks jun> oor
IOK MODS, ETO.
IMS Annul. St., Veacoaw, B. O.
Get More for
Your Dollar-
by shopping th* "Marketaria"
•way—tt'a a sort nad to ecoonmy
Buttor, Fancy Alberta Creamery,
Extra Special **!   7C
3 lbs. _  OkelO
Sogers' Golden Synip,    BO^,
5-lb. tine  OOC
Tomato Cataup, 9Co
!%•». eaas amOC
Pure Honey, ^K#»
speci-1, per jar ..— OOC
New Laid Eggs, *7t__*
guaranteed, por dozen.... 0 OC
Finest Ontario Cheese, extra line
por To - OOC
Sardines In Oil, o
per tin -  OC
Wild Eo«c Pastry Flour,   re A
1Mb. sack  U**C
Clark's Pork and Beans, ng
3-lb. cuns  £OC
Poaches—Wo hnvo tho finest preserving peaches in tho city. Elbert* Crawford Free Stone
Peaches at lowest markot pricos.
Fiwh and Cured Meats Reasonably Priced
S. T.Wallace's
Marketaria
IM HASTINGS IT. WEST
Paints
Quality .\ Service.
642-Granville Street-642*
Good fsr om year's
10 Sub. Cards a&S
u tha
Trtmlioaist, wtll h. mmhtt *
iaaaSa  to   ttt.M,
Mnrh«w saUMe  .( Vumiw
.ity.) MijWWn. amAwftiM.
Hot tkey Are, bltxtt tot TM
Mr. Union Uaa, Out This Ont and Olve It to Ton Wife
Banks
Bank of Toronto, Hastings * Cambie- Vietoria, Manitt and Nsw Weal.
minster.
Boyal Bank of Canada, li Branches in Vancouver, 80 in B. C.
Shelly'a....
Bakeries
..Phono PWnnoot it
Tisdalls Limited...
J. A. Flett	
Bicycles
_«U Huting. Stiest Wss*
..—...Haatinga Street Wss*
Billiards
Pocket Billiard Parlor...
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Booms)
Boots and Shoes
M Hastinp Stroet Has*
 Bastings Stnet Enst
Goodwin Shoo Co.,
Nodelay Shoe Co	
Pierre Peris.-........_/_
Wm. Diek Ltd..
-lit Hastinp Street Mt—
 .10*7 Oraaville SKstt
...M Hastinp Straet W«t
Ingledew Shoe Store...
Hastings
-MtQn
Bank Buffet........
Trocadero Cafe...
(SantOls Btst*
Cafes
 Corner Hastinp anl Homer Streets
  166 Hastings Street West
Millar * Coo. Ltd..
Chinaware and Toys
 Ut Hastinp Stroet Wss*
- Cigars
El Ooro and all Union Labol Cigars
Clothing: and Gent's Outfitting
Arnold k Quigley. : tM Oranvllle Stntt
Clubb * Stewart 309-316 Hastings Stroet Wert
B. C. Outfitting Co...
B. G. Tailoring Co	
Wm. Dick Ltd...
Thos. Foster k Co., Ltd..
J. W. Foster * Co., Ltd-.
J. N. Harvoy Ltd.	
The Jonah-Prat Co...
...342 Hastinp Street Wss*
 128 Hastinp Stroot Bast
..33*4f. Ha.ti.gi Streot Bast
...51* OranviUe Stntt
..3*5 Hastinp Street Wss*
New Tork Outfitting Oo...
Kickaon's...
David Sponcer Ltd...
W. D. Brumltt...
..138 Hastinp Weat and Vietoria, B. <L
 *01 Hutinp Street Wss*
 1*3 Hastinp Street Wsst
 W0 Oranvllle Stmt
 . Hastinp Strsst
Thomas k McBain..
Woodwards Ltd...
T. B. Cuthbortsons k Co..
..Cordova Stntt
..Oranvillt Street
..Hastinp anl Abbott Wrests
-Oranvillo Stroet aad Hastinp Strosl
Kirk k Os., Ltd...
Coal
Macdonald Marpole Co...
i Main St, Seymonr 14*1 and -M
 MOI Main Stmt
Hillcrest Dairy .
Valley Dairy _.
Dairies
-Phons Fair. MM
-.-Phoae Bay. Wl
Dentists
Drs. Brett Andorton and Douglas Cassolman	
Dr. W. J. Curry	
Dr. Gordon Campbell	
Dr. H. E. Hall	
Dr. Lowe 	
—till Hastinp Wes*
..301 Dominion Building
 Corner GrnnvHle nnd Bobson Streets
 10 Heatings Street East, Seymour UU
 Comer Hastings nnd Abbott Streets
Drinks
Bank Buffott	
Britannia Beer	
Cascade Boer -.
Tail—Soft Drinks...
Van Bros	
..Cor Hastinp anl Homer Btnett
 Westminster Brewery Co.
...Vanconver Breweries Lti.
 .409 Dunsmuir Stroet
 .-Ciders and wines
Dry Goods
..OranviUe 8tre<*
Gordon Drysdalo Ltd...
Florists
Brown Bros. * Co. Ltd 4* Hutinp Bast and 728 Oranvillo Stnet
Funeral Undertakers
Center * panna Ltd	
Nunn, Thomson k Olegg..
..1040 Georgia, Seymour 2421
  J531 Homer Stroot
Furniture
Hastinp Furniture Co  _ 41 Hastings Stroot West
Groceries
Cal-Van Markot  „ ...Hastings Street Opposite Pantages
"HJnters" (throo storoa) .— Hastings, Granville aud Main Streeta
S. T. Wallaco Markotaria... ■*H ■*■"■'■-■•■* «**-.-■*■♦ Wo-t M....n...... ioar
Woodwurds 	
Spencers Ltd..
118 Hastings Street West, Seymour 1266
.Hustings and Abbott Streets
.iu -..- Hnstings Street
Broadway Bible Supply  - 816 Broadway Bait
Insurance
Merchants' Casualty Co   ..BogQH Building
Birks Ltd...
Jewelers
...Granville and Georgia Streeta
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H. Malkin   (Malkin's Best)
Overalls and Shirts
'Big Horn" Brand - (Turner Beeton k Co., Victorin, B. 0.)
Paints
Huntcr-Hendorson Paint Co  — 642 Granville Stroet
Printers and Engravers
Cownn * Brookhouso _    Lnbor Templt
ClellandDibblo     Tower Building
Angoll Engraving Co
P. G. B	
J. A. Flott  	
Martin, Finlnyson & Mather..
Railways
 and the	
Tools
Empress .
Theatres and Movies
. Orphoun —
.518 Hastings Wost
 0. N. K.
 Hastinp. Street West
..Hutings Streot West
Faatag* PAGE SIX
bleventh YEAS. No. 36     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST      vancouveb, b. o.
FRIDAY September 5, WlrfB
■I
There's a Big Difference
in Prices Now!
Before the CAL-VAN MARKET arrived on the job,
you were forced to pay from twenty to fifty per cent,
more for what you eat than what you need pay today.
The old methods of merchandising were slow and costly. Instoad of supplying your food direct from the
producer, it was compelled to pass through a series of
middlemen's hands. Like the proverbial snowball, the
priee kept growing in size ae it rolled.
TBE CAL-VAN MABKET effected a laving of middlemen's
profits, high rentals, delivery coata, bookkeeping charge* and
•tfaer frills incidental to the usual store—which you have to
par for—and can't eat.
The Mt aaviug amounts (rota one-quarter to one-fifth on your
■anal monthly expenditure!. That is what the CAL-VAN
MARKET bas done for you. (.tow in and see tho display of
freah, eatable foodstuffs of flnt quality oily, and the reduced
prloea ia plain agurei.
Cal-Van Market
Halting! Wait
Opp. Pantegw
Vancouver Unions
—U>Zl AND LABOB COUNCIL—Ei.
Mali.. WmmiUM- Pretident, E.
Wfauh; .in.pre.ld.nt, J. K.vnftgh-
toNnnr, F. KbowIm; •<r|...t*.t*»rm.,
W. A. Al.ua..r; troiMM. W. A. Prtt-
eiui, W. E. Mtr.ll, P. McDonnell, H.
flMtolMp* nnourr, V. B. Mid«l*7.
•"—i 210 Ubor T.mpl.
U4JED PBIKTINQ TRADEB COUN*
i tf-lhil. .eoond Mond.r in tbe
aaath. Pn.ld.-K, J. F. McCoBn.il; me-
Wfcrr. B. B. M^MmH., P. 0. Be. 6«,
iODBNETHW BARBERS* IMTERNA*
ti.B.1 B.lo. ol Auric Lo«l Mo. 130
— .Kb second and fourth T».«d»y. In
tk. ■oolh, Room 90S Labor Temple. Pre*
Hiatl, 0. E. Herrltt; iKnUrjr, B. A.
W.». U4 HMItan ittwt we.l.
MUDfle 8TBUCTURAL. ORNAMENTAL
wd Bel.Ioreed Irmw.rk.ri, Loe.1 »7
—■Mb HCHi ud fourth MendOT..
PMld.nl lu. Huttaf.' «n.n«Ul •«•
nUr, ud treMurer, tit Mu»e.r, IMS
lllk Aw. BMt ____
BBOTBIBHOOD OF CARPESTER8,
LoMl No. .17—Hhu every ...ond
Md fourth Mondtr e.enlnr. 0 o'clock,
hater Temple. Preeldent, J. Bold; lee-
Nhrr, B. J. Temoln, 1323 Ctorji. Eut;
kulsMi K*.t ud touei.1 ..ereury,
«. C. Thom, Boom 301 Ubor Temple.
Pkone Sey. 7405.
UB0TB10AL WOBKEBS, LOOAL No.
Sit—M..U tt 4.0 Pender Street
f/Mt, e.etj Mud.7, ■ p.m. Pre.t-
dMt, H. B. Wood.id.. 440 Pender W.;
■MoMut nenUry, W. Foulkei, 440 Pen-
Iw Btreet Weet; lnu.i.1 .wreury ud
kulnen Hut, I. E. Morrleon, 440
fuder Street Wnl; inliUH MireUry,
f. A. Bmiwi.
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—K«et>
in .nnu.l eonvention In Jknu.ry. El-
eutlve officer., 1010-19: President, J.
K»v»n*.h, Lnbor Temple, Vucouver;
vice-president.—Vancouver Ialand: Cum*
berland, J. Naylor; Victoria, J. Taylor;
Prlnee Rnpert, Oeo. Casey; Vancouver.
W. B. Cottrell, P. McDonnell; Mot Weet*
mln.ter, Oeo. McMurphy; West Kootenay, Silverton, T. B. Robert.; Crow*.
Nut Past, W. B. Phillip., Fernle, W. A.
Sherman. B-Mretary.treasurer, A. S.
Well., Ubor Temple, 404 Dunamulr St.,
Vuconver, B. C. "	
HOTEL AND RESTAURANT EM-
'. pbyoM, Loul . I—MeeU .very Srat
wrtAMday In the month at 2:40 p.m.
ud .very third Wednesday la tha month
M 0:00 p.m. President. Harry Wood;
•MttMry ui bnsiness Sf.lt. W. Mac
kuaU, •■» ud. mnttai had. 014 Panto Bt. W. Phon. Bey. 1041. 0«t.
ham:   11 to ia aoon; » to 5.
VICTORIA AND DISTBIOT TBADES
and Laber Council—Meeta int and
third W.dnesdsy.. Knlfhts of Pythias
Hall. North Park Street, at 0 p.m. Pmldent, E. 8. Woodsworth; vice-president,
A. 0. Pike; secretary-treasurer, Christian
Slverti, P. 0. Bo. 802, Victoria, B. 0.
mTEMATIONAL JIWELKY WORK*
• m* DnWm—Moota lad ud 4th Fri*
tea, Mi Ubor Timple. Prerident, W.
Wibu, 2230 BrnnviU. Umt; eeentary
nr, D. J. SmB. Mi Dia.milr St,
WMBtB WORKIBS' INDUSTRIAL
Unlo. of the One Bit U.lon—Affiliated
with B. 0. FatoaMu of Ubor ud
VMMa.tr TrndM ui Ubor Oeaneil—
A. IndMtrUl ulon ef Ul worker, in
MMte eai Mnatrnollon MM.. Bud*
fUltora, il Cord... SIMM Weet, V...
ihvm, B. 0. Phono Siy. 7«50. E.
WlMh, Mcratary-troMunr; kf.l aO.lv
en, Um.it. Bird, MaedoaaM * Co., Vu-
MUM, B. 0.; .ndlton, 11.ur.. Bitter
A CBbu, VuMnvor, B. C.
UTBBBATKMAL LONGSHOREMEN'S
AM.cdatUa, Local . s»62—Office ud
UU, M4 Fudir Streit Welt. Miele
int ui third Friday., I p.m. Seen-
laty-lnannr, V. Ohuau; bnilmu
__________
AMALOAMATED MEAT CUTTERS AND
BaUkM W.rkm.a . Union No. 048—
MmIi int ui third Taudiyi .1 weh
moMh. Ubo? Temple, • p.m. Pmiienl,
W. V. Taaley, 1888 Powell St.; record.
tM Menury, Wllliim Olbb., SMtion B.
t. 0. Vuooavot; iun.tel iccreury ud
lulnM. Kill, T. W. Andenon, UT
—      * St.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF
North America (Vaneonver and vicinity)—Branch mMta aaMad ud fourth
Budayi, Boom 304 Labor Tempi*. Proliant, Wm. Hutar, 818 Tulk An. North
Vueuver: financial eecretary, E. God*
tot, 8U Richard! Street; riMrilng aee-
Men. 1. D. Bhi.II, 038 Commercial
" *       Phua Hlih. 2204B.
•HIPTARD LABORERS, BIQQER8 AND
FMIuin, I.L.A., Loal Unton MA,
lwi« (—Meeta the Sat and 4th Fridaya
tt Ik. anlk, Ubw Tempi., I p.m.
FlMliul, John Billy; lnud.l M.
Ury, X. A. Pbelp., builn... atent ui
Mmspondinf .Mntary, W. Lm. Office,
Bum 310-330 Ubor Tempi..
Oin BIO UNION UNITef StMm ud
Opantiat Enfinwra — Meeta every
HaadAy. .-.OOPM., Lab.r Temple. Pr.
■Mut, F. L. Hut; vlM.pnald.Bt, Percy
Qkapman; Mcretwy-treuanr and buil-
MM Hut, W. A. Alexander. Room 316,
Ubor Tomple.   Phone Seymour 7405.
■TREET AND ELECTRIC RAIL«Xf
■■ployaai, Piuiir Divlllu, No. 101
—Meet. A. 0. F. Hall, Mount Pleuant,
Iat ud tii Mondaya at 8 p.m. Pre.l-
teat, W. B. CoUrel); reeorilnf nen*
War, A. V. Loflif, 5W» St. Catherine!
Jtnot; tlOMKnr, E. 8. Clevelud;
lauelal aeeretary ud bnalneu afut,
Frei A. Hoover, 24M Clark Drlvo; office
Mnier Prior aod Main itnet..
SHIPWRIGHTS LOCAL 1808, U. B.
Carpenten—Meet! Room 807 every
2nd md 4th Tneiday in each month.
Preaident, J. W. Wilkinion; reoordiug
secretary, W. J. Johnston. 73—34th Ave.
W.; financial secretary, H, A. MacdonalJ,
Room 212 Labor Templo.
GENERAL TEAMSTERS, CHAUFFEURS
t WAREHOUSEMEN, Vanoouver Unit
of O. B. U.—Meet, every Wedneaday, 8
p. m. Preaident H. MUU; buaines.
agent, F. Hulett, 125 Fifteenth Avenuo
East; secretary-treasurer, J. Hartley, 587
Homer .treet. Office, 587 Homer street.
Phone, 8ey. 4117.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 330*=
Meeti laat Snnday ot eaeh month at
3 p.m. Preaident, W. H. Jordan; vice-
president, W. H. Youhill; aeeretary.
treasurer, R. H. Noolaadl, Bos 06.
Provincial Unions
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.
NORTH VAHOOUVEB
U. B. OF CABPENTEBS AND JOIN-
en, Local 1777—MeeU Int ui third
Monday! In I. 0. 0. F. HaU, Uwel Kieth
Road Eut, at I p.m. Preeldent, W.
Camming!, 10th Btreet Eut, North Vu*
couver; financial aeeretary, Arthur Boe,
310—13th St. ___, North Vuconver.
Chicago.—Just to maintain the
high-batting average of injunction
judges in thit locality, Superior
Court Judge. David iuued one of
theae write againat memben of
Ladies' Garment Workert' Union
No. 100. note workert are ordered to desist from picketing a struck
plant. The judge warned the defendant, that they would be shown
no mercy if they violated the order.
"The law must be respected if tho
government it to continue," njmark
ed tho court.
T.B. CUTHBERTSON* Oo.
Men'i Hatteri and Outfitter!
630 Oraaville Street
819 Haatingt Street Wett
t '$*. J.
rr\i',Ti
CUTS
And Commercial Art
to au in
Newspaper.,   Catalogues,   Souvenir
Booklets, Etc.
618 HASTINOS ST.  W
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 18M
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-np.
...$ 25,000,000
...$ 15,000,000
...$ 16,000,000
..$430,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits.
Total Assets 	
M6 branchei in Canada, Hewfrandland and Britiih
Weit IndiM.
Alio branchei in London, England; Mew York City aad
Barcelona, Spain.
Twelve branchei in Vancouver:
Main Office—Corner HaBtings and Homer Streets.
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner Granville and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway Weet
Comer Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Cornet* Granville and Davie Streets.
Corner Granville and Seventh Ave. Weit.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Ave and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 28 other
points in British Columbia.
SPECIAL ATTENTION IS GIVEN TO SAVINGS ACCOUNTS
One dollar opens an account on which interut is paid half-yearly
at current rates.
THOS. PEACOCK, 0. W. 7BAZEB, Vanconver,
Manager Vancouver Bmnch Supervisor for B. Ol
EMPLOYERS
E
POUCY
Openly State Prefer Colored Aliens to Returning Men
Ai ARBITRATION IN
Soldiers Getting a Close-
up of Employers'
Patriotism
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Representative,  in  Australin for
This Paper)
What is known as the "white
Australia" policy is almost a religion with the people of Australin.
it was so before thc war, and is
so today—if anything, the feeling
iB more intensified today becnuse of
thc fact, thanks to British diplomats, that thc colored races havo
been brought within three days sail
of tho Australian coasts.
All sorts of provisions are made
to carry out the "white Australia'1
policy. More thnn onc government
that deviated from the policy of the
peoplo was thrown into political oblivion. Hence it is thnt thc people
of Australia aro willing to pay high
prices for many things so long as
they have the assurance that it was
made in thcir own country by their
own white labor.
For instance, tbe people of Australia can import sugar at about
$30 (6 pounds) per ton choaper than
they can purchase it in thcir own
country. But they prefer to pay tho
higher price, becauso the difference
is paid by thc government in the
form of a bounty to the Australian
sugar growers as a set off against
their employing white labor exclusively on the sugar fields in Queensland. '
Recently the sugar workors had
their case for higher wages and better conditions of employment, in the
arbitration eourt of the state of
Queensland. During tho hearing of
their case, some astounding information was dieted. It was openly admitted tbat colored and other alien
labor was employed by tho Bugar
bosses, while some had tho temerity
to state in court they they preferred
alien employees to returned Australian soldiers.
Today there is great unrest on
the svgar fields, and one of the reasons is that tho presence of a large
alien population makes it difficult
for the white worker to obtain such
work as may bo offering. For some
remarkable reason preference is given to alien labor—and this by the
biggest employers in the sugar industry. So serious is the position today that unless the matter is altered
there will be a big industrial fight
on the sugar fields and the commencement for the first timo in Aus
tralia of racial riots.
It is impossible to say just how
knany aliens and colored workers
are at work in tho sugar fields, but
police reports put the number down
at around 1000, At any rate, it is
definitely known that in the Cairno
(Northern Queensland) district,
thore aro 600 aliens—sufficient to do
the whole of the sugar harvesting
im that district without employing
a single white man.
At the time of writing—the end
of July—Australian soldiers are coming back to Australia in great numbers. Naturally tho returned men
are looking for thcir old jobs back
again, more especially as before they enlisted they were
made definite promises that
their jobs would be waiting for them.
I suppose the employers of labor all
over the world made much tho same
promises. But sinco the former employees have been away at the war,
their plaees have been filled by other
whites and alien employees. Now
the sugar bosses state quite openly
that they are prepared to sack the
presont white workers in order to
tako in tho returned soldiers, but
that they will retain tho colored
workers. In fact some of thc employers have even went so far as
to say that they will retain thcir
alien employees in preference to re*
turned soldiers.
Incidentally all this gives the returned man a ehance to eethnate tho
real patriotism of the employer elass
of Australia, who shouted loudest
whon he enlisted, who exploited his
dependents while he was fighting
for the "new world" and who today when ho has returned tells him
point blank that he would sooner
employ an alien than give him his
place in tho "new world" he fought
for.
The wholo fault is, of course, that
thore is an anti-labor govornment in
power in Australia at the present
time. It cannot afford to go contra*
riwine to the trusts and bosses that
give it political powor to pay. That
is wby the government has not lifted a finger to put an ond to the employment of alions in the sugar industry of Australia.
It is a good thing, nevertheless,
that tho people of Australia will
soon have an opportunity of saying
what they think about the matter
at tho ballot box. We may be suro
that, deep-rooted as tho " whito Australian" religion is, they will register an effective protest when thoy
get the opportunity.
An effort is being made to form a
"Canadian Citizens Liberty League," to fight every effort to curtail
tho civil rights of every British sub'
jeet in Canada. Some such movemont is much needed.
What constitutes Bolshevism in
Canada? Asking for a fair living
wnge and protesting agninst profit
ceringf
r.nowu
SoaP
IA
How Capitalism Scores, at
the Expense of the';
Workers
When arbitration, as a toeans of
settling industrial disputes, waa; in
its infancy in Australia, many people believed that groat things would
be accomplished by thiB new-found
niece of legislative machinery. Long
years of bitter experience has done
much to break down this fatuous
belief in the minds of anybody who
has had dealing with arbitration in
Australia.
Up to date the only benefit arbitration has secured to tho workers
has been a reduction of the working
hours. The solution of the wago
problem ia as far from solution by
arbitration at least, as ever.
In the firBt place the system, of
arbitration in Australia is too slow
and cumbersome for the workers.
What thc worker wants is a court
which will immediately handle his
caso and give him justice—and this
he does not get in the Australian
arbitration system. Men naturally
grow impatient at the long delays
that occur between the presentation
of their case and tbe hearing of
snme—and very often between tho
two periods the profiteer has got in
his fine work so that the awards,
when made, arc useless.
The chief objection, of courso, is
the action of employers in taking
back everything that the arbitration court awards the workers. This
happens, of course, whether there is
arbitration or not. But it is what
makes the arbitration court a farce,
and will continue to do so whilst
profiteers are allowed to exploit, the
workers in the way they are at the
present time. It is this .kind of
business that has proved to the Australian worker that he is no. better
off as far as the purchasing power
of his wages aro concerned than he
was in the days before arbitration
was thought of.
Tho system is plainly lopsided.
The profiteer who controls the necessities of life is allowed a free
band, while the worker, who in most
cases produced thc necessities of life,
is compelled to plcnd for authority
to the arbitration court to charge
for his labor. Under such absurd
conditions it can be readily *een
that as any award iB granted,,tke
workers, the employers having,, m
pay those awards, are going to.,lqiR-
no time in recuperating thcmscjwm
at the expense of the very pe-opfc
who get tho wage increases, aB.fellas the general community. Sftijt
comes about that white Austrofynii-
wages appear good, the spendiib
power of the money gives it a if pi w.
impression of wealth that doea^dt
exist. It is no benefit for the Australian worker to go homo and.lfui-.
nounce to his wife that the arbj^nt-,
tion court has granted him nn-ut-|
crease of a few cents per day, ifj.ty*-,
finds that the landlord has inere^acil
his rent and tho store has increased'
the prico of almost everything,,^
and his family have to ent.
The root of the trouble lies, of
courso, in the fact that private persons are allowed to control tho na:
tion's necessities, without any provision being mado to curb their activities. Unless something is done
along those lines, arbitration in Australia must always continue to be
the ghastly failure it la at the present time.
O.B.U. CONGRESS
IN
Ballot to Be Taken on October 1st — Some
Opposition
The One Big Union congress waa
held in tho Trades Hall, Sydney
(Australia) on June i% lut. There
was a large attendance of dolegates
from various unions, though many
were prevented from attending because of the influenza epidemic. Thc
president in an introductory speech
stated that tho movement was on a
sounder basis than evor and progress
was boing made.
It was decided to get in touch
with all unions agrocable to tako
ballots, and have these carried out
beforo October 1 next.
Whero unions refused to allow the
ballot to be takon officially, members of those unions were, to bo enrolled as individual members of thc
One Big Union movement. Congress
appointed speciul committees to organise the unions preparatory to
taking the ballots.
The eongress carried many resolutions, including one against allied
and Amorican intervention in Bussia, and a request that British seamen refuse to carry soldiers and tnn-
nltdons to Russia. This motion WOa
cabled to British labor leaders, f   [
It wm also decided that as ao^
as sufficient unions had eome under
the scheme, preparations wouldj fe
made for sotting the departmental
machinery in action. I |,
Though there is at present
siderabl. opposition to the Ono.
Union scheme on the part of i
unions, it is believod that -when
rank nnd file of the unions got *
the officials opposed, for person
reasons, wiU have to give way. '
Dpnora, Pa.—"Patriotic'
ness men have gotton themselves ih
an awful mess in their desire u>
black trade unionism. They oignfd
a sort of an ultimatum to Organizer feeney inviting him to leave
town. But Feeney, as his name implies, bos some fighting blood in
his veins and refuted to quit. Ulnars and other trade unionists in this
district placed a boycott on Sonora
and began to spend their money elsewhere. Tho busineu men have now
fired their president, who is eharged
with being responsible for the moss,
and all hands are making goo-goo
eyes at the trade unionist., who are
invited to patreaiie Daaora  buai-
OBEY I LAW
Change of Ruling Power
WiU Test Idteas of
Authority
One of the big questions engaging the attention of the Australian
workers is what attitude the capitalists will take when labor secures control of the parliaments and commences to legislate along lines not
entirely suitablo to capitalism.
The lame question might well engage the question of workers in the
United States, Canada and Britain,
for it is by no means a local one.
We have to realise that tho ending of the European war marks the
beginning of thc class war throughout the world. This fact, has not
been lost sight of by the capitalist
as witness the palliatives they are
about to offer in order to stave off
the eVil day- The capitalists, of
course, know that they have said so
much about democracy during the
pnst five years that not only are
the masses determined to get it—and
to apply it to industry as well as
to politics—but thnt they are not going to wait long for it to como along.
If it shows any hesitation along tho
road, labor is going to hejp it hurry.
At the time of writing there are
several important strikes taking
place. Men employed in tho metal
mines, ment industry, on tho wharves
and on ships are out on strike. In
all cases they refuse to arbitrate
their cases claiming that certain
concessions, such as bad working
conditions should be granted without arbitration as these aro already
enjoyed by other unions. The ono
continual wail of tho capitalists is
that tho men Bhould obey the law
of the land; that they should obey
constitutional authority.
This has set labor'in Australia
thinking—and thinking deeply. They
know that the day. is fast coming
in Australia as well as in other countries when thc representatives of the
workers will control the legislatures
of the land, and that their legisla-
EDOMIONIST
Editor B. G. Federationist: The'
Federationist has just reached me.
Turning over its pages a paragraph
caught my eye whieh somewhat surprised me.  It was the following:
'' A convention of members of the
trades unions, Canadian Labor Party
and the Social Democratic Party .of
Toronto, has been arranged for the
purpose of combining and selecting
candidates for the Provincial and
Municipal elections,''
Thia paragraph contains an error
which I wish to correct, Mr. Editor,
It is in connection with the Soeial
Democratic Party of Toronto, so
named. True, very true, its sins are
many. True, very truo, that Social
Democracy and the parties which
stood for its principles, has fallen
low in tho eyes of class-conscious
workers.
This time, however, the Social Democratic Party did not fall so'low.
Tho S. D. P. has not made any arrangement to meot in convention
with thc Canadian Labor Party for
the purpose of combining and selecting candidates for the Provincial and
tion will be along definite Socialist
lines.
The workers of Australia argue
thus—and their argnment may well
bc the argument of workerB in other
lands: Suppose that the parliament
of the future, elected by the votes
of tho people, decide, as part of the
scheme whereby the greatest good
will accrue to the greatest number,
thejt the capitalist syBtem must go.
Will tho capitalists, who howl so
loudly for law and order today, be
willing to loyally obey the constitutional law of the land then? Or
will they adopt a policy of defiance
to the state! Will they, who today
profess to stand for constitutional
aetion to the last letter of the law,
accept the same constitutional action when it interferes with their
age-long system of exploitation! Or
will thoy resort to force as a means
of upholding their privileges!
Theso aro questions that are running through tho minds of the workers of Australia at the present time.
They are also questions that thc capitalists should themselves consider.
'municipal elections, and haB no intention of doing so.
At the present time the remnants
of the S. D. P. are setting their house
in order. A cleansing process is going on which is causing tho reactionaries to depart and find shelter within the ranks of the Canadian Party,
while the others are engaged in more
important work and are ready for
the only party which is truly capable
of functioning these days, n party
in line with the Third International
—the Communist International.
If individual members attend that
convention they do so aB individuals,
not as eredentialed .members of the
S. D. P.
The great issue which confronts
all Socialist parties docs not leave
even the S. D. P. of C. untouched.
This iBsuo is clearer than ever today. It iB scattering the elements
of old parties and these are finding
their right bearings, the sheep are
being separated from thc goats. The
issue to which I refer is '' Tho Dictatorship of tho Proletariat," expressed through their instrument of
government, "The Soviet State."
ThiB is the necessary prelude to Communism—a social condition in which
the good of all ia the good for one.
As in all other parties, the lifo
and activity is on the side of those
fighting for tbis objective. This life
is manifested in the S. D. P. Possibly in a few weeks this party will
be no more. Over its grave many
will heave a high of relief, thankful
that false ideals tagged to the working clau movement here have been
buried.
TORONTO MEMBER S. D. P.
Editor B. C. Federationist: Enclosed you will find a "rustling
card," one of the kind now being
peddled throughout District IS by
our erstwhile friends Bob Livctt
and Dave Bees.
The upper portion is kept in the
union office for reference and the
lower portion is presented to the
mine office when the slave goes out
to beg his master for a job. So far
every man who took an active part
in the 0. B. U. movement in this district has been refused a card and in
consequence cannot get a job.
Some of thc men who are on tho
black list of the Triple Alliance
were formerly the strongest supporters of the men who are now blacklisting tbem. Ono of the men who
has been refused a " rustling card"
is Jack Johnston of Coleman, and
Jack' was the man who was mainly
responsible for Bees being on the
ballot as a candidate for the office
of district president in the last clec-^
tion.
On the other hand, A. J. Briggs,fl
who was the chairman at the meetT
ing which Bees held in Drumheller,!
was one of tbe leaders of the gang]
of hoodlums who ran tho supporters]
of the 0. B. U. out of Drumheller i
few weeks ago, nnd this same Briggs I
is one of the strongest supporters of I
Bees today, and this same Bees was!
a few months ago pretending to be]
a thoroughgoing radical out on thai
Pacific .Coast. How ie that for a]
chango.
If, however, any rnember of  the]
Triple Alliance thinks for a moment 1
that the 0. B. U. is killed through- f
out this district, or that its support-!
ers are disheartened, they have made
a serious mistake, as the men of
District 18 aro just as determined as]
ever, and tho international officers
will find that the methods used by
them in their endeavors to kill the
movement has only made its advocates more determined to succeed.
It will be an interesting fight for I
some time to come and one well |
worth watching as well. The mo
that will be necessary for the inter- J
national hirelings to make, and th* |
methods by which they will be eir-,
cumvented will, to say the least,]
give thc Triple Allianu aome wako> |
f ul hourB.
Wc are going ahead at present ail
though the international did not oz-1
ist, and whenever the call comes for]
a eonvontion of the 0. B. U. the <
miners of this district will be fonndl
in line doing their tit to bring!
about the time when coal win bo]
produced for use instead of profit.
PICK MINER.
Mention the Federationist when]
you mako a purchaso at a store.
Any one Buffering from Heart
Failure, Bhsll Shock or Shattered
Nerves; will guarantoo permanent
cure in 9 to 30 days.   Address
SHELL SHOOK, F*A. Office.
| Use Royal Crown Soap1
pnd Sav« the Coupons
While thero is a lowvr olo*.*, I nm
in tt. Whilo thero is a criminal dement, I am of tt. While thero is a
soul in jail, I am not free.—Eugene
V. Debs,
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At $45.00 and $55,00—Suits in fine quality imported navy serge, pleated box back-
trimmed with smoked pearl or black buttons, tailored or convertible collar, plain
belt all round, satin lined; skirt with patch
pockets.
At $62.50—Imported navy serge in military
style with braid loops and buttons; braid
trimmed at sides and on cuffs in lattice effect Skirt has gathered back and slash
pockets.
At $78.50—A nigger brown gabardine suit in
belted style, with Hudson's seal collar and
pocket trimmings; button trimmed at sides.
At $95.00—A navy blue broadcloth suit,
"waistline" model, with inverted box-
pleated back, and very narrow belt; convertible collar of beaver; skirt has slash
pockets and buttons down the full length of
the back. ,
At $39.75—Donegal tweed suits in several
different belted styles, in greys and browns.
Choose a Winter Coat Now to Splendid
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We are fortunate in receiving early delivery of a
good part of our Fall orden of eoata. Thn particularly refers to the higher grade coata that are bought
individually. If you find it convenient to buy your
coat now, you will be agreeably mrprhed with the selection we ean offer.
VELOUR COATS AT $4150 AND $45.00
Also at $39.76, $37.50, $35, $27.50, $2fr-a good
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of sample coats for misses at $17.50.
Coata in velcur and duvetine in rich shades of grey,
taupe, nigger brown, wine, prune and black, also blaek
plush; many of them with large handsome collars and
trimmings -of natural fur—Hudson seal, beaver and
'possum. The prices range
from	
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DONEGAL TWEED COATS
A very popular and practical coat for Fall
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women.  A good selection at prices from
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:..B8pt«riber 5, m$
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London, Aug. 23.—Three hundred
•oldiera belonging to Warwick,
Berkshire and Gloucester regiments
were arrested today at Southamp-
. ton tor refusing to obey orders to
embark for France.
At tho Pantagw
Acrobatics, music and comedy
comprise the new bill of -vaudeville
to open at the Pantages Monday
afternoon.
The headline attraction will be the
nine Boyd Uycno Japs, said to be
' remarkably clever and daring equili-
bristie experts.   Tkey. will be seen
in popular Oriental pastimes.
For the added feature Manager
Pantages will bring on the Six Vene
tian Gypsies, ia "Frolic in a Gypsy
Camp." They are Bingers, dancers
und musicians.
Silber and North, man and' pretty
maid, who were on the opening bill
at this theatre four years ago, will
be seen in their comedy success,
"Bashfoolery."
Lad* Aliee's Pets, "Uny tots of
animaldom in cute and canning capers," will be another drawing card,
especially for the children.
Weber and Elliott are experienced
comedians, who ara said to have
some amusing patter and new tongs
to offer.
The Makarenko Duo, opera ringers
will furnish an net that premises te
be a treat to lovers «f good -music.
B. C. Fe<kationi»t Daily Paper Fund
HOW MUCH DO YOU WANT A FREE PRESS?
Do You Want tt Enough to Assist in Paying for It?
Cut out tke above coupon snd Bitil tbt stout you wish to contribute
to the fund for the purpoie of establishing . daily paper for B. C. Be-
eeipt* will be acknowledged from time to time in The Federationist.
eleventh teab. ir.. m    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   v_mmss, s. a
PAGE SEVEN
The Truth About Soviet Russia
ttSl
.WORKERS UNiON
oty
Nwnad Shoes tre frequently made
in Non-union factories
DO NOT BUY ANT SHOE
No matter what itB name, unless
U bears a plain and readable impression of this UNION STAMP.
All Owes without the UHIOW STAMP an always Non-union
Do not accept aar excuse for Absence ef tbe Union Stamp
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
£46 SUMMER BTBXBT, BOSTON, MASS.
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CASCADE BEER
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At tbe end of tbe eighteenth oen-f
tary tbe French people after two
hundred years of embittered Itruggle threw off the tyranny of a feudal aristocracy. During tbis struggle
tbey wero surrounded by armed
forces of a coalition of European
kings, wko had invaded France to
subject ber. people to ttat slavery
from which thoy had just freed
themsolves. Prussian peasants shed
their blood in tbe Argonncs that
royalty might onee bore oppress tbe
French people. British seamen died
at Toulon that foudal seigneurs
might rule again at Versailles. Looking back ou these times today wo
recognize that the role of the English and Oerman governments during the French revolution waa not
a creditably one.
A little over a oeatury has passed.
Mcdieevallsm has given way to mod-
era bourgeoisdoin; tbe divine right
of kings to the divine right of .mammon. Bussia, which bas never been
touched by the purging Ira of the
French revolution, has groaned under a three-fold tyranny—« theo-
cratio tsarism, the relic of ber proximity to Asia; an agrarian feudalism, which bad escaped tbe European conflagration ef last century;
n middle class, grows up under the
influence ef western industrialism,
but demoralized aad corrupted by its
two companions. At tke beginning
of this century. Ae governing power in Buasia tested o» these three
rotten pillars—two of tbem, decaying relics of a bygone age; the third
an abortion of modem bourgooiadom.
It could not lost long, but was bound
to collapse from Its own internal
weakness, How did tbo governments
of England, France and Germany
treat the new Bussia, which, phoe.
niilike, rose from the ruins of the
old I History will prove that they
treated the new Bussia as shamefully as tbe governments of England
and Prussia treated the French revolution at the. end of tbe 18th century.  ....
The Bussian revolution, like every
great popular movement was set in
motion by vast elemental, anarchic
forces, which -bad been pent up
throughout the ages and like a lava-
flow burst tbe overlying crust of convention, unreality and insincerity.
Everyone wus discontented with
tsarism. The war caused untold miseries. Famine, for which-tbe Bui-1
sboviks are accused of being tho au*
thors, was already raging in the
autumn of Will, and got steadily
worse undor Kerensky, as the war,
like a great pump, sucked tho. .life
blood out of tbe country's Indus*
tries. I know from my own observation as a war correspondent that after tbe summer of 1910, the Bussian
army was no longer Ht for the offensive, owing to the impossibility
in an economically undeveloped.coun-.
try of feeding and supporting fifteen
million soldiers. By the winters of
1015-16 and 1916-17, when af one in
Bussia but the' intellectuals had
beard of the Bolshoviksa, the principal towns of central Bussia woro
filled witb deserters. One of the
Tsar's retired diplomats even admitted in the columns of the "Novaya
Zhian," in July,-1917, that the Bussian revolution was nothing more
than a mass uprising against, the
war. But it was something besides.
The working classes of the Bussian towns used to live in conditions
of want and misery probably without pnrallel in Europe. Thoy woro
forced to work such long hours that
they often dropped of fatigue. They
were systematically underfed. The
factories where they worked wore
simly spy-dens.. Nor was the peasant's lot any better. Hnlf the land
of Bussia belonged to the landlords,
the church and tho imperial family,
and thut was the best half. On it*
tho peasants had to work liko serfs.
The rest of thc land, much of it forest and swamp, was left to thom to
get wbat they could out of it. The
corn produced on the good land (a
lurgo percentage of thc cereal produetion of Uti.s.-mi) wus systematioHl-
ly exported under tho bounty system to puy for Tsarist warships and
armaments, while tho peasants in the
villages nearby were often starving.
Add to this the miseries of thc three
years of war and it Is not difficult
to soo why, as soon as thc rumor
got about that over the length and
breadth of tho gigantic plain that
"little father tsar" was no more,
that policemen hud been locked np
by the workmen In Petrograd, that
Cossacks hnd gone over to the masses, that the spell-binding discipline,
born of fear, vunished. Everywhere
throughout the land in those days
squads of soldiors got togethor to
talk things over. Groups of workmen
hung about the fuctory shops and
pcusants crowded round the village
commune building. The samo word
was on everyone's lips. "What
noxtl".Theso thousands of informal meetings took pluce from tho Baltic provinces to the Pacific coast,
from the Arctic circlo tos tho oases
of Turkestan, wero not summoned
by anyone. They were the creation
of the'free spirit of man, which had
just burst the bonds of nn archaic,
now useless for* of Bociety. They
wero tho first rudo instruments, now
anarchic, soon to bo organized, which
were to build the new ordor of society. They were in fact tho embryo Soviets.
For the new social ordor the first
necessity was to creato a new dis-
cipliue. Tho informal gatherings of
workmen, soldiers and pcusants
which were called Soviets (tho Bus*
siau name for council) had now this
task beforo them. In Petrograd on
tho second day of tho Mnrch rovolution tho garrison soldiers issued an
ordor that there was to be no more
saluting officers that no order wos
to bo obeyed unless it was countersigned by tho soldiers' soviet. Inasmuch as tho bulk of tho officers
and nil the generals woro known to
be monarchists or at tho best only
supporters of .a bourgeois republic
thc necessary measures had to be
taken to protect tho workers' revolution. "What is tho meaning of
this war with Oormonyt" bogan to
come from n thousand, throats.  "Ia
[By M. Philip. Prioe]
were to look into tk* proprietor'*
books aad ao* bow much war -profit
was being made and lop off enough
to fill up tbat ever Burrowing margin between woekly wages and weekly expense..  And was th* peasant
* power. Aftor October, 1017, it eeom-
I ed that order, through the Soviets
pwhuld prevail over the chaw bred
iu the first daya of tbe March revolution. For th* working classes, schooling themselves jn their factory and
village committees, were fighting
famine and straggling to raise pro-
with bis dassyatine of land, on whiobi| duetion. But the" war~was atill nom*
had to starve, going to allow the
rich black earth near by to fill tk*
bams of the "baryn". Here too
th* spell wu broken, the "Eemsky
Nachalnik" (chief ef the county administration) waa sitting in the locul
jail, whither be was used to send
others. Tbe fruits of that soigneur
land were to go to thc peasant*'
barns tbat year. And tkey went—
somewhat auarchi cally it is true, and
not without heartburnings .aa te bow
much should go to each peasant.
By tke summer of 1917, the el
which considered itself the rightful
successors to tke tsarist heritage—
tbo bourgeoisie, .manufacturers, and
wui-.profit parvenus—bogan to recov-^
er from tba shock of thia revolution,
which had gone to far. past what
they considered respectable. Oiron-
dinliko, thoy began to organiie re*
sistance in tne army, to demand tbat
every citizen of the republic should
carry out his patriotic duty. Alas!
what duty? To shoot at and be sbot
at by German workmen In ordor tbat
Bussian war-profit parvenus should
dominate at Constantinople and
French bankers exploit tbe Alsace-
Lorraine iron mines! No, tfae time
for this bad gone by. Tho spell bad
been broken. Tbo peoplo.now muat
know the reason why thoy wero to
die. But tbe BussiBn bourgeoisie
could not read, the signs of the times.
Tbe Mono-Tokel hnnd was writing
on. the wall, but thoy eould not ace
It. Desperate, they organized the
Korniloff rebellion, which Only ng-
fruvotefi the strife. Tho rebellion
ist showed the leal power of the
soviet*, nt soldiers' committees put
their men Into the field telegraphs,
they had thcir comrades on the railways. No message *of the counterrevolution passed. Their messages
for help and instructions flew all
over Bussia. The counter-revolution
vanished, but tbe wur did not. Winter waa coming down. Tho soldiers
came to tho soviet offices and said:
"start negotiations with thc Gor-
mans for a general peace; we shall
stay ia tho trenches till the first
snows and after that we go homo with
our rifles and divide up tho land
lord's land."  " ~
weary soldiers und indeed, when they*
camo into power in October, tbey exhorted thom to remain in the:|
trenches and not nnarchically to de-1
mobilize and turn Bussia into a
chaos. A mighty power—'the will to'
international solidarity, bad laid hold
of the psychology of tho Russia*'
masses. That power waa mantf estini
inally going on with the Prussian
war lords. The country wu open to
any tyrant that chose to walk in,
The soldiers had nearly all gone
from the front by Christmaa, 1917.
The Bolshevik leaders of the Soviets
had now the most terrific task before them. Tbey had to secure son*
sort of peace in order to give tk*
ruined and exhausted land a breathing space and the workera a chance
to repair tko damage of the war.
There will probably bo nothing
more tragic ia history than tbe picturo of Bussia struggling witb the
German war-lord* and deserted by
the Allies. Not possessing any material /esouroes to enforce the justice of his cauae, Trotsky relied upon
tke conscience ahd sense of justioe
of the western world. This ww the
timo when the Allies, if tkey had
known the day of tbelr visitation, if
thoy had understood whst wu the
driving fore* of tbe true Bussia,
would have declared tbeir peace programme aad, sustaining Trotsky,
would kave exposed to tbe w*rld the
cynical intrigues of tbe Prussian militarists. The Allied governments did
not do this because tbey eould net.
Tbey did not dare face th*ir people
and toll them that they kad plans
of conquest. The moment for uniting
the moral front of the AlKoa with
['that'of revolutionary Bussia passed.
fit never came again.
Revolutionary Bussia wa* thus loft
alone in the world to faoe the German war-lords. Two courses wore
open to it. It coulij. either play tho
idealist and decline to accept any
peace which did not embody ita principles in toto; or it could pursue
'Bcal-PollUk and, estimating all the
forces whieh wcro making for the
internal breakup of their enemies,
could mako an agreement with them
as a temporary expedient. In the
days proceeding tho signing of the
Brest-Litovsk peace, two vory fundamental human impulses were struggling togethor inside the Bussian
revolution. The one was altruistic,
ready for self-sacrifice, Brunnbilda-
like, upon the flaming pyre of an
Idea. The other was wiso and eai-
prcpared  to  save  what
WORLD WIDE IEWS
No, it was not Bol-Jfeul sting,    r„,« „   w  ,*.„,   „„„
sheviki who snid this; Lenin at tbe' 'could be saved now in ordor to gain
time wai ii hiding and accused by. 1%e surer iu tho end. Tbo struggle
the very soldiors who were Huyirig|jB&twcon those impulses, old as the
this of being a Oerman spy. Lenin's'ffcfthian race Hnlf, was reflected in
friends, who had control of most ov\
ih<? soldiers' Soviets, by September,*
1917, wen trying to calm these war'
controversy bet*ten those among
t#e   Russian   revolutionaries,   who
tyralil sign tho Brest-Litovsk peace
YkM thoso who would not. The left
racialist-revolutionaries and the an-
'ttrchint.j in Bussia, like artists, liv*
I'ed.only for thoir ideals, which thoy
[Should have realised at once or else
"wild perish.  The greater part of
Bolsheviki,   and   the   hungry
i following Lenin, lived not
for their Ideals but for the
itself in -disorderly, anarchic ways/Tflftans to rsalise thom. The former,
k ti *- -i a.-* — ■«%lHtor ti,aB rign -t^ Brest-Litovsk
peace, renounced all claim to participation in the government and resorted to acts of individual terror in
there no means of stopping it by
appealing to the Germnn soldiors directly," tliey argued. Surely a natural and obvious, if somewhat unconventional thing for war weary
aoldiers to do. Soldiers using Soviets
to fraternize with people whom they
no longer wished to light, becamo now
a common phenomenon, No ono had
hoard of Bolshevism in these days.
In the factories, meetings were held
and committees elected. The Iattorj
wero to soe to it that wages kept
pace with tho cost of living. Thar
because it was erude, elemental, and
sprung from tlie masses themselveB;
If the Bolsheviks had not put thomsolves at tho' head of that move-  _. .„
ment, somo other   unknown    group (the hopes of striking fenr into the
Mould have done so and have be-(breasts of the tyrants.   The latter
LUXKKBUEO
Wotkan Ftotoot EftL
Luxemburg.—Parliament buildings
were atoned by ft crowd of 7000
workmen on Auguat 14 during ft
demonstration earned by the fact
thftt the indemnity voted by the
chamber of deputiea to meet the high
coot of living waa deemed insufficient.
Some of the manifestants sue*
ceeded in entering tke chamber, but
were driven out when fired upon by
gendarmes. The Bourgomaster called
out the Luxemburg troops, and they
cleared the square in front of the
parliament buildings. Calm has
been restored.
BffBLAMD
SOO Agfttatt I
London.—In the general agitation
for the disqualification of old meu
from positions of influence, the National Couneil of Women of Great
Britain and Ireland in convention at
Leicester, is considering argument!
in favor of young mem as judges.
Middle-aged and eldorly magistrates
are sold not to bb able to understand
the psychology of women and children.
One oaee was mentioned in which
ft girl of oight wm eross-e^amined
for eighty minutes with aeven magistrates on the beneh whose combined age was 500 yo»rt.
IBELASD
"Democracy" ia being "secured"
in Ireland by means of tanks, aero*
planes, armored ears and an army'
of occupation several hundreds of
thousands strong, costing, we are
told, 900,060 pounds a month; in
Bussia. by sending munitions to the.
counter-revolutionary reactionaries
while parliament is informod that
troops are being withdrawn and intervention is ccaaiog; in Hungary,
by starving the people into deserting the government they like and
the one that probably comes nearest
to real democracy of any govern,
ment that has evor been set up.
These things are not calculated to
increase the confidence of our. own
domocracy in the good-will of our
government in its dealings with the
workers.—Evelyn Sharp.
•   *   «
Bolshevism—or the Servile Stats?
Dublin.—Declaring that "the employers leave tho ordinary publie
now no choice between Bolshevism
and the Servile State," "New Ire.
land," a Liberal weekly, comments
as follows on labor conditions on tho
Emerald Isle.
"The Irish labor struggle is entering on a phase which deserves
the careful attention of all cltiiens
who care about what is going to
happen next in Ireland. Certnin
trados unions have struck for a fair
wage, as, for instance, in the case
of tho hotel employees, nnd the carpenters aro also out for similar treatment.
To realize the position of tho average worker today one has only to
nsk nny one of them how hiB conditions compare lo his pre-war conditions. A skilled worker making 37*
shillings before the wnr was able to
livo comfortably and take excursions
to the country—to Howth or elsewhere on Sunday; now he hss twice
the w»ge bnt hs cannot take excursions nor eu hi kftvs tho comfort
of pre-war conditions, litis is a
simple «om, but it illustrates the
situation.
On the othor hftad, the war profiteers, like tho hotel proprietors, who
certainly scorched the publie with
their pricos «ad mode profits undreamt of before, have joined in an
Employers' Federation and now
finance individual employors whose
workers are on strike. The Employers' Federation is out to smash the
Trades Union by this method of employers' syndicalism, and onee the
Trades Union is gone there is nothing to save the poople from the Servile State.
The conduct of employers is driving the public towards chaos really,
because they are making it necessary for the people to proteot their
lives and rights as human beings
by methods of ft more radical kind.
Ihe employers leave the ordinary
publie now no choice between Bolshevism and the Servile State. Already in America thoughtful, men
have realised this nnd the Catholic
ehurch has declared its position. We
hnve had no declaration as yet from
tho Irish clergy which would assist
the people and the poor as against
the real authors of chaos, the capitalists, whose only thoughts are tho
desires of avarice.
Events are moving very fast and
tho time is well ripe for a declaration of views from those, both lay
and clerical, npon whose shoulders
fall the responsibility of good of the
Irish peoplo.
RUSSIA
Under Ae treaty of Brest Litovsk
the Bussian Soviet government wu
compelled to hand over to Germany
320 million roubles in gold, a faet
which played no small part in the
internal difficulties of Buasia. This
infamous exaction aroused- horror
aad execration in the Allied countries as an example of the rapacity
of imperial Germany. Mr. Cecil
Hsrasworth has now informed the
house thst that gold is now quits
safe—in the Bank of France. When
the Allies got the upper hand ot
Germany, they saw to it that they
got that gold. And they have no intention at present of giving it up,
according to Mr. Harmsworth.
AUSTRIA
Growth of Soviets
Vienna,—Austrian workew' Soviets hold their first general congress
at Vienna in July. The constitution
adopted is practically identical with
that of the soviet systems of Hungary end Rusaia, an executive committee being in permanent session,
and drawing its authority from in-1
numerable branches. I
AMERICA
Employers to Wur ok Lnbor
come world famous. The Bolsheviks,
finding the movement there, led and
directed it into orderly channels, and
seeing tho soldier*' Soviets, thoso informal bodies, which had sprung lip
spontaneously in the first days of
the revolution, used them as tho
channels through which their will
could be expressed to the outer
world.
All through the summer of 1017,
Petrograd nnd Moscow workmen
tried to botter their conditions
through thoir own elected factory or
shop stowards' committees. But
every step thoy took to control the
actions of the employors wns met by
v nun ter- measures of sabotage nnd
often of open resistance by "white
guards," hired-by tho employors to
defend the "sacred rights of property." Heads of tho shop stewards'
comiuittoes wero arrested and sont
off to the army, raw materials hidden and the men locked out on thc
plea of no work to be dono. Thc
workers replied by orgs ni rug Bed
Guards, seising the factories, and
trying to run themselves without a
staff and without technical knowledge. Chaos increased. One group
of workmen often struggled with another group in tho attempt to get
hold of the much needed raw materials. Meanwhile, famine, became
worse and worse and the workers'
soviots were in danger of turning,
into committees for grabbing whatever they could get for' tlieir own
members. Then the Bolsheviks caidf
along, and in October, when thoy
came into power to control tbe Soviets, gave the latter politicnl as well
as economic power, as an orgnnized
proletarian mass.
And so with the peasants. During
the summer of 1917, the landlords
und their agents among tho war-
profiteer parvenus organized a resistance to the peasant land committees.
Peasant elders were arrested and
thrown into prison, some were evi'ii.JJ,]
shot. The peasants replied by sacking the landlords' mansions. An:
archy was raging in the provincestt,j
long beforo the Bolsheviks camo in-,r
to power in October. The lntter, re-jj
straining tho righteous indignation
of the peasants, declared thcir informal committees, tho flrst fruits-ill
in tho villages of the March revolu-
tion to bo the legal authority, possessing the right to take the landlord's land and work it in the Inter-jjJ
nsts of the whole community. Long
and difficult has been the struggle
of tho Bolshoviks with the disorderly forces among the Bussian peasant-,
ry. Tho latter, divided into rich and.j
poor, struggled among thomsolves for/
the landlords' land, split up Into two
contending factions—one, of small
proprietors and rich speculators, the
other of laborers or those peasants
who hiro no labor. The latter group
becamo the "committees to the poorer peasantry," or the reconstituted
rural Soviets, whose duty it becamo
to stop tho disorderly scramble for
land and to create the new communal system of land tenure. Thus the
socd sown In the soil of anarchic
rovolt germinated into the young
shoot, which fed in ths atmosphere
of order and discipline.
The Struggle with Foreign
Imperialism
Ths regeneration of Russia could
only begin when onco the soviots bad
completed   their  development  and
come to the zenith of their political
recoiled, pour mieux sauter, fostered their forces till the day came
whon they knew they could strike. ,
' Tho Prussian war-lords, not because they wanted to, but because
they had to, gave n breathing spaco
to tho Bussian revolution. For they
were engaged in playing their last
card in "a tcrrlfi*. onslaught -or
France. Revolutionary Russia is ac
cused of being responsible for this
onslaught:, but I submit that its tactics did more than anything elso to
break tho power of Prussian militur
ism. The very fact thnt the politically non-conscious elements of tho
German peoplo got a taste of peace
on the cast front, broke thoir will
to war. "If we can have pence with
Bussia," their minds instinctively
argued, "why cnn wo not havo it
also with tho Alliesf" But month
after month went by nnd they began to see that tho German army
mtist either conquer the world or else
make a compromise peace. They
knew they could not do tho former,
because of America; their own warlords would not let them do the latter. But tho example of the peace
With Knsttin was before them, and
seeing it, their spirit qf rebellion
ngninst the war rose ever stronger.
Tho German towns bogan to fill with
deserters, workers struck, -discipline
collapsed, and with it the army. And
tho Russian revolutionaries knew
how to make use of the new psychology in the German people's
mind. The peace on tho east front
was made use of to flood the Ukraine with Bolshevik agents, who
spread revolutionary literature
broddenst and who, "within a few
months had turned .the kaiser's
glorious "Hecr. im Osten" into a
littlo better than a hybrid between
a rabble and a revolutionary committee M. Joffe, while playing at
diplomacy witb the kaiser's minis-
tors, was distributing pamphlets
right and left, calling upon tho German proletariat to ovorthrow their
tryants. The fear and hotrod in
which the propertied class of Germany hold Bolshevik Bussia can be
seon by the fact that at tho moment
of writing, Russian Bolsheviks are
now pining in German prisons, are
hunted like hares, nnd murdered by
tho armed hooligans of the Ebert-
.Schcidemann-Nonke government of
"socinlist" Germany. I ask sn unprejudiced observer: Does thiB look
as if the Bolsheviks are the agents
of German Imperialism f—Soviet |
Russia. !
Rob Roy
Hotel
Maim   »WI7 Cbaretloto.
Hot wl (Mi WtUr In Amy
HB8TOL4M  BAB
ir ooidota mm WIS!
Pre»rl.treeo:    HRS.  WRIGHT
UU  ot  Ik.  Victor   Hold
/VJB Sumner Pri«e» ut now
" on; remodel ling furs, expert tinaing tnd dyeing >t
returnable ntoi; hrgeat mtn-
uftcturers ia British  Colum-
-TVl-l ros IALE-
New York Fur
Company
naim cnoiaiA r.
Prttom ttaiamt aay
Seymmmia
tal^ame ler. Ull
ftflLNngat&b.
Slill, Twti ud Awnfefi
antmt amrntta mom aat
on. e__va
<• wtaaa mm,
▼usortu,». a.
Hicki * Lorick PUno Oo,
im OMavnu it.
fUHO it WlltM —aiia
l*r.l» 8mtl Plat.  _.„...»8»
Ktt Sew Plato, MaliotatT .......AOtS
Heaterae Parlor Onr..     aU
lte. OKSAN la Walatl " eel
Utrn rtaaaa hyltewaaitha tttaa Oe.
it lev jam.   teas.
Hioki A Lorick Kmo Co,
hit murvou at: n« hni
Baltimore. — A nation-wide tem-
paign wu inaogutited today by the
manufacturers' committee of tko
Merchants and Manufacturer.' aaw*
elation againat extreme ud radical
forms of labor agitation whieh have
tot their platforms taa government
control, not only of railroada bnt of
ovoiy form of industry.
HVNOA1T
BovtotB RopproM Prostitution
Though tho Bela Kun governmont
has been overthrown with the aid of
thc entento, tbo following news item
delayed in the mails, ia of timely
interest still:
Budapest—Ono of tho happiest results pf the dictatorship of tho pro-'
lctariat in Hungary is tho rapid decrease in the number of prostitutes, j
A large part of these unhappy creatures, who had been driven by thc
capitalistic regime to sell their
bodies in order to earn their living,
have abandoned this miserable
means of livlihood, havt looked tor
and found work. The number of
those former victims of capitalism
who have just freed themselves, is
estimated to be 40 per oent. of the
total number of prostitutes officially
registered. The soviet authorities
apply thcir efforts towards the wiping out of clandestine prostitution.
The girls who abandon themselves
to this means-of livelihood will bo
placed under supervision and forced
to work honorably.
< JAPAN
Japnnese laborers are forming unions to keep up with the high eost
of living. Employers fn Japan are
using American employers' methods
to break up labor organizations by*
foree. A Japanese newspaper recently commonted upon the unprecedented action of the police in entering
■ATB TOOK StM
ouuro ni ramm.
-4~—
CULL
the Tailor
Bait, called for aad daHvw-
od.    Work guaranteed.
Phew My. MM
CLELAND  DIBBLE   EKOKAV-
nro compact
photo nrotAvni
. OOUOOOtM A1TUH
_. .    Phene Jjermeu 716)
TUtt  Tleet,   World  BoIMlaf,  Vsa-
 warn, B. 0.
Phoaa Soy. ttl      Day ot NiHft
H«jin, Thomion A Olect
ntlKSAL dibectom   .
Ml Homer St  Vauconrn, B. d
house without removing thalr
shoes, whieh is a recognized Japan-
eto custom. Tha polioo in thoir in-
xiety to raid a labor meeting, walked in rough shod and their lack 'of
politeness has canted mack criticism.
London, Canada.—After a scvoval
days' ttrike theatrical mnagwi
havo signed tke now agreement of
their organiaed musician*.
Where ia your union button!  I
Now More Than Ever
THERE IS NEED FOR A
DAILY LABOR PAPER
Local organizations and individual'members of
organized labor can assist in giving Labor a
Daily Paper. The need of the moment is the
Finances to start it with.
WHAT ARE YOU DOING TOWARD IT?
^j PAGE EIGHT
ELEVENTH YEAR.   No.* 36
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     vamcouvbb, b. e.
FRIDAY-.
..September 5, 1(19
BIG MONEY-SAVING SPECIALS
-IN-
GROCERIES
That the Savings assured by our Cash and Carry
Plan is appreciated by the general public is made
evident by the ever increasing number of Customers who patronize this department. Here is
another good list for the Week Commencing
Friday, September 5th.
3 lbs. Woodward's Tea, splendid vtlae $1.09
1 lb. Woodward's Choice
Ten 39c
1 A. Woodward *s extra Choice
Toe *3c
1 lb. Woodward's Better
'.   Tea 64c
.1 lb. Woodward's Coffee....45c
3-Ib. tin B. C. Syrup 49c
Haybloom Tea .... 14c and 32c
Malkin's Best Tea 58c
S tins Libby's or Clark's Tomato Soup - 49c
Nabob Tea   53c
Braid's Bost Tea 68c
Ideal ^.; 48c
Inly Brand Chicken Hnddie,
large tins  24c
Happy Vale Pineapple 90c
White Lily Pineapple  .29c
. Pippin Apples, large tin 12c
Kootenay White Cherries 18Vi
5 tins Paciilc Milk  62c
Niagara Falls Pitted Cherries —.—.33c
Lynn Valley Peaches 32c
Bed Star Peaches 19c
Canada First Keillor Pears 29c
Thistle Brand Pears 23c
Quaker Apricots   32c
Superlative B. C. Salmon....36e
5  tins Quaker Pork  and
Boans  3«c
Oosse k Millard's Kippered Salmon 13c
Bob Boy Bed Sockeye Salmon    19c
Sunflower Pink Salmon _..12c
and  21c
Ensign Bed Salmon 32c
Nootka or Nabob Pilchards
for 17c
B. C. Syrup, 2s  23c
B. C. Syrup, 10s 11.02
B. C. Syrup, 20s 12.00
6 Big Tablets Crystal White
Soap for  29c
Black Strap Molasses  15c
Aunt Dinah Molasses 12y2c
20c and  37c
Holbrook's Vinegar  29c
Heinz White Wine or Malt
Vinegar  21c
Empress Vinegar ....19c
6 Bolls Toilet Papor 23c
Arrow Brand Sweet Corn
for 2iy«0
Postum, Instant ....26c and 48c
Postuu Cereal -...20c
Boindeer Milk 20c
Eagle  -...21c
6 Tablets Shynol Polisher—16c
Cottage Brand Peanut Butter 26c
Holbrook's Arrowroot  17c
Stanley Orange, Lemon or
Grapefriut Marmalade—
Is  , 29c
2s  .,  38c
4s  .79c
6 packets Jellies 47c
(Lipton's, Nabob, Empress or
Malkin's.)
Apex Strawberry and Ap-
■ pie Jam ...... 70c
Apex Baspberry and Apple
Jam  - 70c
Victoria Strawberry Jam.. .1.05
Libby's Dill Pickles _ 21c
Blue Label Tomato Catsup..22c
Prunes, 2 lbs ..........29c
IN I NAME
OF
GET   IT  AT  WOODWARD'S
Washington.—Actual control ot
Ihe production activities of Bock Island, arsenal harness chops, including appointment of foremen and ths
determination of priees to be paid
workmen, has been turned over to
committeee of the employees. This
became; known when Secretary
Baker made publie correspondence
between the war department and
representatives of the employees.
- Matters of administration are left
with the regular management, hat
even bids submitted on contracts are
influenced by the committee.
Officials Tortures Prisoners to Break Their
Spirit
Chained up by the wrists in thc
infamous black hole where even the
faintest rny of light may not penetrate, surrounded by a dead silence
broken only by thc occasional
squeal of a rat, fed only on bread
and water, Hulet M. Wefts has been
enduring the agonies of the damned
far two weeks, according to reports
which have eome from the iuside of
thc XL S. government penal institution on McNeill's Island.
Whether the regular procedure of
stripping a man stark naked before
throwing htm into the cold and
slimy hole has been followed in
thin case, we are unable to learn, but
roports showed the sick man to be
held incommunicado because of his
rofunal to attempt the impossible
labor wliich the prison authorities
have tried to force upon him.
Wells is serving a sentence for alleged violations of the laws of tho
United States, his offense having
beon to oppose conscription bofore
the conscription law was even passed. Cluss prejudice, war-fevered
passion, and a jury selected with an
oye on their bias against men who
take a stand for conscience's sake,
sent Hulet M. Wells to jail, along
with Sam Sadler, and Joe and Morris
Pass.
A frail man physically, Wells was
put to tho task of sawing wood. He
repeatedly, asked for a transfer to
something within his powers, and
was as repeatedly turned down.
Visitors early last week reported
him to bo stcadly losing in health.
Finally, aftor receiving an absolutely definite refusal of transfer, Wells
could stand no more. He refused to
tako thc tasks he knew he could, not
complete. His refusal caused him
to be thrown into the black hole.
Dr. Joseph Lane, for four years
prison surgeon-at Walla Walla, but
now a prominent Beattle physician,
declares Wells is not physically
strong enough to endure without injury-
Dr. Lane and the Central Labor
Conncil committoe returned from the
penitentiary at midnight last night
after Dr. Lano had made a physical
examination of Wells and strenuously urged the authorities to change
the nature of Wells' work.
Prison officials do not deny that
the very heaviest work about the
place was selected for Wells,, notwithstanding the fact that he is not
overly strong physically, and in
spite of the fact that the officials
have had nothing to complain of in
the conduct of Wells.
The cutlery industry at Newark,
N. J., has been tied up with a strike
of workers of all trades, demanding
a 41-hour week, 10 per cent, increase
in wages and workers' share in control through a shop committee system. The bosses concede the shorter hours and increased wages, but
will not give the workers any yoke
In the determination of their working conditions. The usual boss tactics of injunctions and strikebreakers are being resorted to.
Furnished room to.rent at $2.50
per week.   1028 Howe Street
Men's Fine Shoes at
$7.95
FOR TOMORROW ONLY I am offering an extra
special value for men in high-grade shoes, and your
particular style is among them. They come in black or
dark tan calf; round, medium or recede toes; leather or
Neolin soles; all built on exceptionally good fitting lasts.
Thia is extra special. Reg. values to $10. &**J Q C
For tomorrow only. .t* ' *>****
Bring your repairs here.  The material used is the best
and the workmanship superior.
P. PARIS
BOOT AND SHOE MANUFACTURER
61  HASTINGS  STREET WEST
Opposite Columbia Theatre
TAKE   NOTE   OT   THB   NEW   ADDEEM
Hundreds of
Workingmen
Find Our Clothing on Credit Plan a Great
Convenience
Tou workers get paid by the week—or semimonthly. With the
coet ef knag on its preeent beta yoa dot't always find it con-
-ftotoat to pay spot cash—especially for such lines as clothing,
wkore what you buy it to last fer some timo to come.
Ttt the ordinary elothing store demands spot cash.
We Mp jm t. It.,, mil—u y.n Uk. to ta drtisid. Ws
aril say salt la ear test steek an tk. tests et a small cask
OtQUa eat kalaae. la mekkr « Mmlmoirthly pus-ant**—
it pte an attt te pay.
We charge you nothing for this accommodation. Our prices arc
ac low M aay fer equal values. Neither do wo put you through
n endless torm of "rod tape" to get credit,
Wl tad ltt tar stock—ftt acquainted witk Nr methods.
B.C. OUTFITTING CO.
- ^ 842 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Near Homer
Hotel and Bestaurant Employees
The ilrst of tho winter series of
dances will be held on Wednesday,
September 17, in the Dominion, hall,
ponder Street, it is anticipated this
winter's dances will prove a decided
success.
William MacKonzie, business
agent, has been appointed hy the
government to represent the culinary workers at the coming conference to be held at Ottawa on September 15. Leave of absence was
granted at the regular meeting on
Wednesday afternoon.
The members of the organization
have been steadily employed during
the summer and expect business will
show up good during the coming
winter.
A number, of places in tho city
Jurist oa paying low wages and
would continue working the girls
the usual long hours, only that the
recent laws enacted by the Minimum
Wage Bourd, curtail* those profiteers
somewhat.
The attention of organized labor is
drawn to the faet that the follow
ing restaurants are on the unfair
list: Melntyres Cafe, MacLeods
Cafe, Citizens Club, Postoffice Cafe,
Leonards Cafe, all White Lunches
and the restaurant known as Dinty-
Moors at Coughlan's Shipyard.
The Hotel and Restaurant Employees are active through a com-:
mittee in getting those trades di-
roctly connected with the catering
industry to form a joint council, to
bring the workers closer together
in the matter of organization. This
should appeal to the trades who have
already sent their dolegates as much
good can be derived therefrom.
Musicians Buck
Theatrical orchestras in Vancouver are tirod of being made tho target of witticisms from tho stago ond
in futnro when an actor seeks to
hnve the nHsistnncc of a player in
the pit for his act, he will have to
pay tho musician $5. If bc desires
vocal assistance from the whole or-
fthestra, he must pay #50 for it. This
is in accordance with tho new scale
negotiated by the Thoutrical Federation with the theatre managers
of thc city. This includes tho payment of $40 a weok to moving*
picture operators and $45 a week to
"movie" men in vaudeville houses,
where they have had to manipulate
the flood and spot lights.
ANOTHER REVELATION
Ivan was an old and faithful
member of tho Oreek Church in
Russia in pre-war times, observing
his fast-days with rigorous severity
to himself, and yielding the choicest
products of his peasant toil to the
local priest.
Then came the deluge of Bolshevism, in wliich the church, like other
institutions, wus found Wanting and
went to its own place. Ivan's
chains, like those of his compatriots,
were shaken loose; and he, liko
them, stood at last erect and breathed the free air.
No longer did he cower in nwc of
oither Czar or priest; no longer did
he starve his body or his soul nt
their behest.   And so one day—and
fast-day at that—his neighbor
came into his cottage uud found the
old man feasting like u king.
"What, Ivan!"" exclaimed the
neighbor, aghast; "and you iilw&ys
so faithful a servant of GodV'
'A child of Ood, now, neighbor,"
smiled Ivan;   "u servant  no long-
Washington.—The United States
public health service reports that
cancer can bc cured if properly
treated in its early stages and that
it is the general opinion of the
medical world that the affliction is
net contagious nor hereditary.
Store Opens At 0 a.m. aat
Closet at 0 p.m.
Two
Excellent
Values in the
Sun-Rain
Umbrellas
?7.80-Pine Grade
Blaok Silk Gloria Cover,
mounted on rteel frames,
in an assortment of novelty handlei, finished with
silk cord loops or BakaliU
rings. Very smart.
?5.00-Fine Black Silk
Mixed Gloria Coven,
with tape edge,, strong
steel frames, with novelty
handles; the short style
with loop and ring; rolls
neatly.
Jersey Cloth
Sports Coats
for Women
It is the smart Tuxedo
front that makes these
models so attractive and
so readily accepted for
street or sports wear. The
jersey cloth is of a splendid texture and the colors
are all good—henna, navy,
tan, turquoise, rose, sand, t
malard, purple or reseda—
916.50, or silk embroidered at $18.50.
675 OranviUe Street
Sey. 3640
Co.-Op. Wholesale
Men in the City
(Continued from page 1)
W. W. Lefeaux Explains
the Winnipeg: Situation
(Continued from page 1)
Bnttle Carpenters Strike
Seattle.—Building operation! In
Seattle were suspended Tuesday by
a strike of carpenters, plasterer* aid
other building trade union laborers
for higher wages. Officials ot thc
unions said about 3000 were cut.
Tho increase asked for arc: Carpenters, from 17.60 to *10 a day;
plasterers, from (9 to *10 n day;
mortar mucin, from »G to . 7 a day.
and laborers from 16 to $7 per day.
Thc carpenters are demanding $2X0
a day increase.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Get That
Better Dressed
Look
-WEAR-
JFaaifum
(Graft
Quality
Clothes
Pure Wool
Guarantee
Clothes
10 Per Cent. Discount:
to all Returned Men
Thos. Foster
& Co., limited
514 Granville St.
Next to Merchants Bank
stood out as a biasing expression of
success and the only sane method of
handling the affairs of society. It
was the means of keeping priees
•down much lowor than they otherwise would .have been, and it was
impossible to estimate the value of
tbe tuovement to humanity during
the recent crisis. The action of tho
government, against the movoment,
had forced them into the political
arena, and they were now going to
have some men in the Houee of Commons' to look after the interests cf
tho great mass ef workers whose
pennies had blilt up what is now
the greatest business organization in
the British Isles. The banking and
insuranco departments of the movement wero acting as big boons to the
mombers, and thc money of the
workers was not being used te beneAt them, instead of exploiting them,
as it does whon put into private
banks and insurance companies.
Mr. Walter Gibson, manager cf
the export department of tho English-Co-operative Wholesale Bociety,
told the audienco of thc ability of
his organization to supply the Canadian societies with practically any
article that waa imported into Canada. They had a $5,000,000 stock on
hand in Manchester and were able
to AU ordera in better time than any
other firm in England. Aa an instance he related how two weeks
after the war broke out the society
aecoptod a contract to aupply 400,-
000 suits for Kitchener's army within 40 days. That was at the rate
of 10,000 suits per day. They were
givon 21 days to got their machinery
into shape and 40 days to finish the
order. The order was completed in
plenty of timo and an order for
double that numbor could have been
filled on time. Tho society had contracted an order, after the wu was
over, to supply 10,000,000 linings
for suits for discharged soldierB, and
this order had boen filled.
Mr. Thos. Bichardson occupied the'
chair.
New  Council
Elects  Officers
(Continued from page 1)
(5) The six-hour day and J6-hour
weok.
(6) Minimum wage laws to be
left to each individual province.
(7) That the above principles be
put into effect on all government-
controlled works where the principle
of democratic management can be
applied.
The committee also recommends
that the delegates urge the adoption
of tho principles embodied in the
Labor Charter in tho Peace Treaty,
and which are as follows:
(a) The guiding principle that
labor should not be regarded merely as an article of commerce.
(b) The right of association tor
employees.
(c) The payment of an adequate
wage.
(d) The adoption of an eight-
hour day and 48-hour weok (if possible a 36-hour week) committee.
(e) The adoption or a 24-hour
rest period weekly, Sunday if practicable.
(f) The abolition of child labor.
(g) The limitation of labor of
young persons, to permit continuation of education, and assure them
proper physical dovelopment.
(h) The principlo of equal pay for
equal work for both men and women.
(1) That the standard sot by law
in each country with respect to eonditlons of labor should have due regard to the equitable economic treatment of all workers lawfully resident therein.
(j) That eaeh atate make provision for a system of inspection in
which women should take part in
order to ensure tho enforcement of
the laws and regulations for the
protection of the employed.
Final nomination of officers took
place and the following wore elected: President, F. W. Welsh,
Plumbers; vice-president, J. Sully,
Machinists; general aeeretary, E. A.
Webb, Barbers; doorkeeper, F.
Poole, Teamsters; secretary-treu-
urer, J. H. MeVety, Machinists;
trustees, B. Showier, Teamsters;
Mowat, Bookbinders; McKenzie,
Botel and Bestaurant Employees;
Harris, Boilermakers.
Delegates to the Dominion Trades
Congress, McVety, McKenzle and
Miss Gutteridge.
WILL MOT OBTAIN MEN
XHMCCU LOCKHBM' UNION
(Continued from page 1)
inevitably bc thrown into the discard.
The strength of the loggers' organization is not alono in ita numbers but in the understanding of its
class position in society, in the real
live acceptance of the principle of
working elass solidarity, in their refusal to pormit no bosses' stools, and
tods, conscious and unconscious, to
work division in their ranks.
"Workers of the world, unite!"
must be not a mere shibboleth, but
a real Kve principal basis upon
which their organization and action
is basod.
The effectiveness of tho organization must not depend upon the work
of officials or delegates but upon
each Individual member doing his
bit at all times, in all places, under
all circumstances. Baek your officials, back your delegates, and see
that they back you. The organization iB not at headquarters, but "on
the j6b."
Seo that in every camp thoir is a
copy of tho schedule of eamp conditions, the Workmen's Compensation Aet, the health regulations for
camps, the first aid kit requirements. See that these are lived up
to. See that the provincial health
inspector visits yolir camp and that
hiB orders aro fulfilled. See that you
receive a regular supply of literature, and don't forget to keep your
duos paid up to date.
Electricians Oat Injunction
Local 213 International Brotherhood of Eloctrical Workers, whose
chartor was taken away two woeks
ago by the international office, ordered E. H. Morrison, the buainess
agent, to institute on injunction
ogaiunt the international representatives of the union to restrain them
from superseding tho charter and
membership of the looal. Th* union
has a membership of 600.
th. couneil te judge what thi.
meant. Beferring to the personality of the different mm, he pictured
Ivens as an idealist, who when arrested said that it could not be
done, and that he eould not be kept
in gaol. Ho then referred to Oeorge
Armstrong as being an ultra scientific materialist, end said that for
these two opposite, to conspire to
bring about a revolution was too ridiculous to think of, ttn_ that now
that the men were in gaol, Armstrong was teaching Ivens the materialistic conception of history. Ho
said that 40 per cent, of the Socialist Party of Canada, and 60 per cent,
of the O. B. U. waa on trial, and
that meals were being sent in to the
men in gaol twice a day, and that
they were allowed some books if
they wer. approved by tho governor
of th. gaol. He then concluded his
remarks by tho above statement,
stating that no matter what Van-
couver or other points did, Winnipeg would act, and that in his
opinion Winnipeg was in the lead in
the working class movement ia thia
country.
Del. Winch moved the following
resolution, which waa adopted:
Old Oountry Worken to Know
"That a brief but exact statement
of the facts in connection with the
causo and course of tho proceedings
against the labor men at Winnipeg
be sent to the entree of organised
labor in the Old Country, and they
be requested to express their
opinion of the line of action being
adopted by the authorities of this
country against all forms of progressive labor organisation and its
adherents, and, further, that the Old
Country labor movement be uked
to use its influence to secure for
these' men, and Others who may be
placed in a similar position, some
measure of justice more nearly akin
to that which has usually been associated with British institutions
than that which Ib now being meted
out in this eountry."
Del. Kavanagh in supporting the
resolution, Btated that to keep the
men in gaol without bail was sufficient to prejudice the case against
the men now awaiting trial, and referred to the press propaganda, but
stated that labor men who made
statemont. such as had been made
by some men who were at the Calgary, conference, suggesting that
thore were revolutionary intentions,
and could be uaed by the government against them, were beneath
contempt, and that there was no
words in the English language to
express the depths of their infamy.
Del. Winch, stated that the workers in the tight little Isle had protested against the actions of the
Canadian authorities at the contemplated deportation of the strike
loaders, and he was of the opinion
thtrt thoy would give their support
in this instance.
Business Agent Wood, in report-
ing of hia work, stated that he was
endeavoring to line up new units,
and that bofore the month was over
there would be two new units affiliated with the council. He also
stated that there was considerable
dissatisfaction in the ranka of tke
factory workers, and that he was endeavoring to have the provisions of
the minimum wage carried out, but
had been unable to get in touch
with the fair wage officer.
A communication was received
from Gustav Francq, stating, in answer to a letter from the council,
that he was defraying the
eost of the publication of the
pamphlet entitled "Bolshevism or
Trades Unionism—Which!" The request for a list of the name, and
addresses of the delegate, to the
council waa granted, and the seen-
tary wu instructed to forwnrd
same,
111. win sent to the local defense
committee from the Winnipeg de-
fense committee asking for protest
meeting, on Sundny, wu read at
tho meeting, and on recommendation of the executive, it was decided
to aak that the request be referred
to the working class organizations in
the city holding, meetings on Sanday
night, as there' was not sufficient
time to organize other meetings before Sunday:     .
The* TeamBters reported increased
membership. Tho Loggers reported
a.number of strikes, and that they
had paid ♦900 to the O. B. U. during the week, and that in that one
unit of that organization the O.B.U.
had 10,000 membors. The Clgan
makers reported that they had by a
large majority turned down tho proposal to join the new Trados CouncU.   .
The Loggers, Cigarmakers, Postal
Workers, Laundry • Workers and
Teamsters all reported that they had
sent wires of protest to the Minister of Justice against the refusal
of bail to the men waiting trial in
Winnipeg.
Dol. Midgley referred to the
statements in the press aB to the
strength of the new Trades Couneil,
and stated that the reportB were not
true.
The question of the position ef
the secretary was raised in view of
the fact that hi. organization had
not paid the per capita tax. The
local is to be notified, and the matter wu left over until next meeting.
The bylaws were read a third time
and adopted as amended. The coun*
cil adjourned shortly after 10 p.m.
Stnet BftUwaymm Withdraw
At a meeting of the Street Rallwaymen's Union, hold on Tuesday
evening, it was decided to withdraw
its delegates from the old Trades
and Labor Council. W. H. Cottrell,
Fred A. Hoover and Jack Sidnwny
left the eity on Wednesday for the
Street Bailwaymen's convention in
Chicago.
Dairy Employees
The Milk Drivers and Dairy Employees' Union continues to mak.
progress in tke building up of the
organization. The next meeting of
the union ia on Friday, September 12.
Telephone Operators
toCal 77A Telephone Operators'
Union will commence a series of invitation dances in October. They
will be held every two weeks in the
hall at Sixth and Main.    ■
Carpenter.
An offer of $6.50 a say -beginning
on the first of January, 1920, is being made by the Master Builders'
Association of British Columbia to
tho carpenters, who have asked for
increases in pay. The present scalo
is 00 a day and the demand is for
$7 a day at once.
In contrast te the way enlisted
men who fought under the British
flag in the great war have been
treated, the king has showered titles
and woalth on the big generals and
admirals, who already had influence
and riches. Admiral Beatty and
General Haig eaeh drew the title of
earl and $500,000. In all,, the
largess bestowed on the military
leaders amounted to (3,000,000. The
British Labor Party asked that thia
bo reduced te $1,000,000.
Ole Hanson, mayor of Seattle,
has resigned. Hanson intends to go
on a lecture tour through the "direct primary" states and try to
get himsolf nominated for the presidency of the United States. He is
also writing a book at the request
of eastern publishers on "Bolshevism."
Labor Day was aptly named: the
net of the year belongs to capital.
Eventually the tables will be reversed; capital will have to have a
day Mt aside to commemorate the
utonnding faet that it ence dominated the earth.
EH
; J
Big Losses Are Soon IU
duced   to   Small
Fractions
"Figures don't lie,", it ia
"but liars sometimes figure." 8hoi
of'lying, however, figures ean h
rather misleading; they will pro!
ably bo used in the present allege
"drive" against the profiteer
merely to impose on tho worker an
make him believe that something
really being done.
F'rinstance, we. were told recen
ly about a big raid on Seattle's pi
tato cellar, when the enormous quai
tity of 300,000 pounds of potato*
were seized. Well, there are aboi
300,000 people -in Seattle; ao thi
this stupendous achievement of lav
and-order practically threw on tt
market one pound of potatoes tt
every mas, woman, aad child in tl
place. How the awful burden «
the H. C. of L. must have bccnligh
ened for overy happy home in Set
tie by that one mighty blowl
Every onee in a while we hav
one of our city fathers, or lorn
other public benefactor, telling u
how many thousand pounds of foo
have gone to the incinerator in sue
and such a time. Of coune that '
as far aa the matter goes, or
likely to go. But what would it a
amouut to, anyway! Possibly a
egg, or an orange, or a banana moi
for each of us, ence in so man
months, provided wo had the nicki
to buy it.
Tho other day the local press i
formed the world that the workei
of Canada, in consequence of indu
trial disputes, had lost, the treme.
dous total of 14 .million workii
days during tho last 18 years! Tl
number of workors guilty of partie
pation in this criminal waste of tin
numbered nearly 600,000; an oqm
division of guilt among the who
buneh would make eaeh one of the)
wastrels responsible for the loss
nearly 24 working days—practical!
one month—-during this 18-ye
period. In other words, they hi
each deprived tho country of the
services for a whole working da*
and a fraction of another, in eat
and every one of these precious ]
years.
Apart from the loss to their com
try, think of the set-back each <
these thriftless workers received i
his own financial' standing. If h
hadn't lost that day-and-a-fraction
wages every yoar he might now b
rich and prosperous, instead of lr
ing from hand to mouth, aa work
ers do. At any rato, other thing
being equal, he might by this tim<
have had a good part of a hundret
dollars in the bank—almost enongl
to live on for the remainder of hit
days, with due exercise of economy
and due regard to his humble st*.
tion ia life.
New York.—Organized painters ia
this city have won their strike lon
a five-day week.
-* -.-.. '.**"*             %
Buy at a union store, ;
Time aad money art nwmary lor
all, bit if you want correct ttaH,
bring your watch to
Dan Snefl
WATOmtAXEB ADD JXWEUSB
ud hi will csn r»» messy.
ii hastd.08 it. wan.
Os. d«.r ssit' ol f*_**^_***____
Ko.nu 11 nd M      The.. O.J. MM
Mill ordm rsnlvs pres.fl atMUaa.
(0«r «0 y«M et
„„1, witk Bijger..)
Blue
Serge Suits
—the largeskstock—the best quality
—the greatest values—obtainable in
the West
w
"E HAVE just received a shipment of that old
reliable standby—the Blue Serge Suit—which >
enables us to meet any demand in this line.
There is no more popular or serviceable fabric for
men's suiting than Blue Serge—it's a suit that can
be worn anywhere—any time—is always in order.   .
It's a fabric that gives wonderful wear—gives you
a suit that with ordinary care will last for a long
time.
These Suite Are Guaranteed Fast Color
In all the latest designs and models—smart and
snappy styles for the young man—conservative
models for those who prefer suits cut along quieter
lines.
$35 to $75
Our Guarantee—"Yonr Money's Worth or .1
Your Money Back"
WM. DICK, LIMITED
33-45-4749 Hastings St. East

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