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British Columbia Federationist Oct 3, 1924

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\ People Forget Own Surroundings
in Gazing at Pictures of
Luxury and Ease
Too Many Circumstances Which
Prove Life Untenable for
[By Psychologist]
l.pHANTA&Y, or the play of tho Im-
agination,' has a great part in our
Tllves, and while it is a special charac-
/'teristic of childhood, it is also import-
Tjant in adult life. In the first place,
[jit Is an escape from reality, and this
jftype may be called compensatory
1 [Phantasy.
||   Mankind is always seeking escapes
Tlfrom  realities.    The  frequency with
whicli    people    attend    theatres and
'cinema shows is an example of this.
||They forget their own miserable sur-
l roundlngs in    gazing at    pictures of
i: luxury   and   ease;   they   forget    the
■ imonotony   and   drudgery of modern
1 civilization In cowboy scenes, daring
,1 adventures   and    breathless escapes;
they forget their matter-of-fact,  o'r-
ndlnary, worrying relatives in interesting and beautiful screen-folk.    Similarly with much of the present-day
((fiction.   It helps people to lose them
j selves for an hour or so in an entirely   different   world, the world of
their    dreams.   While    many people
jt will   refuse  to  recognize   thts   fact,
1 the churches also provide similar es-
Tcapes from reality;  certain types who
Lare  intellectually  dull,  are  compensated for   their   loss of this world's
I good by hopes of   a brighter, exalted
land important immortality.   But even
Kto the average church-goer, Ttopes of
Theaven. . . perhnps even a reasonable
fisort    of    heaven,  play a great part,
[similarly   does   adult    hero-worship
I which   cannot   be   quite   an   unmixed
R blessing since it tends to regard life
Vind   its characters as  a  composition
Iof black and white, of good and bad,
IJwhereus life contains many greys be-
Ksides. . , and the perfect mortal does
Inot exist, any more than does the out-
Jund-out villain.
Much prevalent vice, drunkenness,
drugs, and gambling lire also an at-
■tempt to get away from the realities.
■We may condemn the victims of such
■vices;   we    shnll  oe  wiso to    refrain,
[however,  if wo remember that such
{people are only seeking in a different
■Torm—wliich  form   is  determined  by
(circumstances—tlie same goal aB their
[sisters and brothers who turn to ro-
gion  and  philosophy  and. . strange
fads.    Those who seek   religion
and philosophy are not always urged
■simply by a desire    for    the    truth,
[though thoy may think thej; are.
Phantasy then is a compensation.
f\Ve see this very clearly in the case
of a child, who compares his lot in
|ife with that of other children and
bVho goes off. . . perhaps into the
■bathroom and talks to himself and
Isveavos Imaginery scenes in which he
the hero. In this way ho learns
lo console himself for punishment, especially when he feels lhat lie is not
lo blame. Many children, and some
Jidults too, forget tlieir troubles and
■Iee into Uie realm of phantasy when
Ihey encounter truths too stern to face
■'«r disappointments too bitter to be
Torne until hope, the hope that comes
lvith phantastic day-dreams, has soft-
|ned reality.
But phantasy can be carried too far,
lor whilo we recognize that it is part
If tiie poet's make-up, we have also
lb realize that it contains the germ
If insanity; that is, of course, if lt
ftitirely takes tho place of reality and
it Is abnormally believed in. How-
Ver, In the caso of a normal indl-
lidual this need not bo feared unless
lircumstances are altogether too ad-
lerse. Unfortunately there exists too
Iiany curcumstances which prove
lint life is altogether cruelly unten-
Ifnable for thousands of people.
1 Phantasy is very useful when it
|tkes the form of ambition. For then
. Ib an urge and a hope. The youth-
|il painter, dreaming that ono day
Js pictures will share the glory of
lie great masters; the youthful me-
Tianic who dreams of wonderful indentions; the mother who tolls for
lar children and has dreams of their
Inures; all these are helped by phan-
lisy, simply because their dreams are
|ot Impossible.
I As the world progresses some kinds
phantasy will disappear; there will
|e leBs and less need for that kind
jhlch merely compensates, but for
fmhltious dreams there will always be
need. And meanwhile all we can
is to encourage the lutter so that
ihey become reality and eliminate
|ic need for the former by helping
"make the world safe for democ-
|icy." But not in uBing the methods
capitalism, one of which was the
treat War.
Debating Socioty
J. The Vancouver  Parliamentary Delating society Is opening up for the
\ Inter   months,   commencing  on   the
hursday eveing, October 9th, at 8
[m.. in the auditbflum. over what
lied to be the World office, north
lest corner of Ponder and Richards
IrceUt. Anyone wishing to join in
|iis  movfiipent are  requested  to  gel
i touch with Mr. L. Miller, .telephono
jeyimnir 7054.
J Oet your workmate to subscribe for
fhe Federatlonist. .»       .
Public Meeting
At New Westminster
)_ .*>■   To be held in St. George's Hall
uesday, October 7th, 1924
'- at 8 p.m.
Subject-!- "Russia Today Under a Worker's
J. S. Woodsworth, M. P., will speak Monday, October 20th.
jfanaimo Ooal Miners Out Only
-  One Day—Cut Bonus
Ten Oents
As We See It—The
British-Russian Treaty
[By Angus Machines]
T'HE session of the Imperial partta-
ment, which openB this week, is a
most important one. The Russian
treaty is up for ratification;
and, as Mr. MacDonald has stated,
that if parliament refuses to ratify
the treaty, he will ask the king to dissolve the house; and he will seek the
endorsation of the public. In view of
this, the final action of the capitalists
parties will be watched with interest.
It will be seen whether tho liberals
and conservatives are prepared to
sacrifice the general welfare of the
country for political advantage or
gain. The capitalist parties in Great
Britain are in a most unnappy portion. They have nothing tb offer the
people but the same old policies whtch
have brought the country, nay, more
than the country, tho whole world
into the political chaos and economic
disorder wliich we liner ourselves in
today, Some countries more and
some less. And- yet if they are once
moro to guide the destinies of the
country, something must bo done.
Dospito tlie advance of man upwards, he is a very conservative animal, and, no mutter what his economic condition may bo, ho parts with
old traditions, old habits and customs
Working Women of Vancouver to
Organize Politically and
i going to  be  made  in
future to endeavor to
An effort
the very ne
organize the working women of Vancouver both politically and industrially. It has beon felt for years past
that organized labor has more or less
neglected this very important part
of their duty. Mrs. DolU, assisted by
Mrs. Rose Henderson, is taking on
tho task. It Ih to be hoped that the
working girls and women will give
tliem every assistance in this worthy
mission. Something should be done,
soothing must be done in this connection. Watch for ■ future announcements in this connection.
Very slowly and very reluctantly; but,
nevertheless, we do move. The instinctive fear, of the untried and the
unknown, which seems to be as inherent in man as fn the rest of the animal word, has kept the people away
from the socialist movement, and is
still keeping them back, but, is slowy
losing its force.
None of the dire calamities which
were going to happen when labor
would take control of 'the reins of
government have come to pass; not
onlry, have none of the catastrophes
wrii'ch were prophesied taken place,
but quite the contrary Is the case,
Therefore, the need of the upholders
of privilege to lay hold of any issue
which may have the appearance of retrieving their lost fortunes, as they
will realize that every day which the
labor party stays in offlee will only
add to their prestige. This accounts
for their growing opposition to the
Russian treaty.
As every serious-minded person is
interested in these questions of worldwide importance, and the amount of
information which can be had from
the daily press, tends to confuse instead of to enlighten, ii brief review
of the terms of the treaty will, I believe, be appreciated b.v the readers of
The Federationist.
The    following    facts    have    been
Men Refuse 25-cent Reduction-
New Schedule Practically
Same as Old One
(Special Correspondence]
TVfANAIMO, B.C., Oct. 2.—The AVest-
" era Fuel company, limited, and
its employees have agreed upon a
new schedule of wages to last three
years. The dollar bonus has been re
duecd to 90 cents, along with some
minor adjustments. This leaves the
position of the men very much as it
was under the old agreement.
Over 1000 men attended tho meet
ing held Wednesday evening at which
the aforementioned terms were ac
The dispute did not affect any of
the other Vancouver island collier
J. D. McNiven, deputy-minister of
labor, acted as mediator to the satis
faction of both parties,
The men .were out on strike only
one day. Had it continued for a
lengthy period it would have severely
affected Vancouver's supplies.
will be the subjeet of an address to be given by
Mrs. Rose Henderson
AT ROYAL THEATRE, 136 Hastings Street East
Sunday, October 5th, 1924
At 8 p.m.
Thoso who were fortunate enough to have heard Mrs.
Henderson last Sunday speaking on Russia will know thc
treat that is in store for them. Come and bring your
Under the auspices, of the Federated Labor Party.
Don't forget to keep the evening of October 19th clear
so that you will be able to come and hear Mr. J. S. Woods-
worth, labor member for Winnipeg Centre.
Deportation Order Against I. W.
W. Organise^ Causes Some
The Significance of
the Russian Revolution
[By Rose Henderson]
Speaks on Russia to a Capacity
House, and Excited Much
On Sunday evening last, Mrs. Rose
Honderson spoke before a capefcity
house at the Royal theutro on "Russia
Today Under a Workers' Govern
ment." Her address was one of the
most interesting and enlightening that
the workers have had the opportunity
of hearing for. some time regarding
Russia. The j 'marks of Mrs. Hen
dorson were quite at variance from no one.
what  we  are accustomed  to read  in      I went to Uufsla to see this great
TN.GIVING this series of articles on
Russia, I want to distinctly state
there' ia no bolshevtst gold, or any request from that nation or its people
to serve it in any way. I am writing
these articles to serve my own country, believing there are those who desire a better understanding with all
nations, those who have kept the open
mind, those who desire truth, and
who feel they have not been getting
the facts through the ordinary channels of the press.
I would not go to Russia as the paid
emissary of any paper or organization; neither was I a guest of the
government, a fact which left me fret1
to get and give my facts as best I
could—absolutely  free,   Influenced   by
the "bought press" regarding that
country, and they were listened to
with rapt attention.
She pointed out during the course
of her remarks that the Russian form
of government was of the nature of
an "oconomic administration, not
political domination," such as wo have
been accustomed to in this land. The
various   aspects   of   tlie   Russian   life
Contes, i
Speaks Well for P. L. P.'s Future
in That District—350
People Present
The North Burnaby branch of the
B. C. Federated Labor party held a
most successful social and dance on
Friday ovoning. In tho nature of an
organization meeting, the function
was held in the hail at Hastings
street and Gilmore avenue. 'It was
undoubtedly the most enthusiastic
nnd happy gathering ever held in
North Burnaby. Mr. C. B. Gibbs acted as chairman, and was supported
by a number of talented artistes, all
of whom gave their services voluntarily in furtherance of thc party's
The programme, which was excellently rendered and warmly received,
was as follows: Song, "Boiled Beef
and Carrots.'' Mr. Lyndfleld; song,
"In tho Garden of My Heart," Mrs.
Wm. Holdom; duet, "Whispering
Hope," Mrs. Kleenan and Mrs. WaU:
ventriloquJal, Mr. McGee; pianoforte
solo, Mr. 13. Monk; song, Mr. Arthur
Greenwood. Appreciation of thc musical treat was keenly shown by the
plaudits of the audience.
Several lino addresses were delivered during the evening, among the
speakers being Mr. F. Browne, M. L.
A.-elect for Burnaby; Harry Neelands, M. L. A.; Dr, Lyle Telford and
Mr, Sorby. The latter's remarks
dealt largely with the alms of the
Federated Labor party and were concise and to the point.
The Indies, under direction of Mrs.
Hirst, served delightful refreshments
to an attendance of over 350 people,
and tho thanks of the branch are due
to them for their splendid work in
this connection.
taken from an article in the Socialist wns Sone into- aml though they have
not reached the ideal that they would
like to reach, they wore, nevertheless,
striving "towards that end in a most
efficient manner, and that, ero many
years had passed, they would be able
to show to tlie world that, while we
have been deriding tliem, they havo
been •accomplishing something worth
while for mankind.
Mrs. Henderson is contributing a
series of articles to Tho Federationist
on the various aspects of thc Russian
situation, and the malcrral covered in
her talk will be covered in them.
Hf-twtw—..i»i..-. ana~a~a»9~*>*a"a»B«a**a*a—-—ft—■■—».
for   September,    by   W.
uul speak for themselves:
Claims nml Loans
Article C of the treaty reads:  " .    .
The  government of  the  Union  or"
Soviet   Socialist   Republics   declares
that by way of exception to the decree  of the  2Sth  of January,  1818,
(concerning the annulment of debts of
the  former  Imperial   and   provisional
govern ments),   it  will  satisfy,  in  the
conditions  prescribcii   in  the   present
(Continued on page 2)
experiment of a workers' government
In operation, and to talk first hand
with some of the builders and dlroc-
tors of this new civilization, and stn.e
returning, I am more than ever con
vinced that if the world ;s to tin re
stored to sanity and peace, it will not
be brought to that condition on tho
principles of the "Versailles treaty or
the Dawes plan. For in both lliese,
bankers' slave-pacts aro enough seeds
for new wars to finish what Is left of
Humanity will languish In hunger,
disease, wars and insecurity until if
eiilives that peace can only be restored on the principles of no indemnities, no ann?stations, mutual l^t.ration, trust and international co-operation, each nntion using their brains
and their balance, instead of bullets
and poison gas. The principles of
force, force without stint or limit, has
sent the world rattling to its doom,
and   it  is  doubtful  if recovery  from
^the present holocaust of death, disease and degeneracy, the fruits of war
and greed, ls possible for generations*
to come.   What a world for our chil
dren, what a future for our youth!
The government of Russia is one of
the oldest in the world today. Sinco
1917, crowns and empires have fallen,
government after government has
been turned out, ministers of war and
state, who were known as great men,
yesterday, are but past serviles, mostly sad memories, no longer guiding;
the ship of state, many of whivm
have been relegated to seats well below the gangway, but—in barbarous,
irreligious Russia where boodthirsty
bolshevists grow long teeth and lon
ger hair, where women and children
are nationalized and divorces may be
obtained with less trouble than It
takes to obtain a dog license, the same
government that was elected in 1D17,"
has through successive elections since
then, been chosen by thc peoplo to
continue its rule of murder, repression and destruction. Truly, a strange,
strange people according to pross reports!
What have these sovvlet rulers accomplished   for  tho   people  since  assuming control?    What is the secret
(Continued on page 4)
Of His Trial and of the Principles
of Movement to Which
He Belongs
[Note.—The deportation order
against 8am Scarlett, a member and
organizer of the I, W. W., based on
the fact lhat he had been convicted as
one of the "political prisoners" on the
other side of the line during tho war,
has caused questioning in regard to
that trial, and .the movement to
which Mr. Scarlett belongs. For this
reason, the editor has asked Mr. Scarlett to write a statement of that trial,
and of the principles of the movement
wliich he belongs for The Federatlonist. This is consistent with the policy
of The Federatlonist as an open forum
of the working class, and does not, of
course, mean approval of this movement, but ls intended to answer questions which are .being asked, and to
create an understanding of this organization.—Editor.]
Browne's Dismissal
m^lioHKI-I.M have been urged irt all times to ndopl only constitutional methods in tlieir
Vv endeavor to gain their emancipation.  The B. C. Federated Labor party is founded
on that principle.    It has lived up to it fo the best of its ability; and has, in a measure,
succeeded in making some headway, by being able to elect some of its representatives to
Now, it would appear that all its efforts are to be brought to naught by the self-appointed dictatorship in the Burnaby couneil. It would appear that, so far as'labor is concerned, it is quite alright to play at politics, but just as soon as she commences to accomplish anything worth while, then economic pressure is brought to bear on those who have
shown their willingness to endeavor to better the conditions of their fellows, and they are,
hereafter marked mon; .their livelihood is in jeopardy; and unless they become absolutely
submissive to the powers that be, the future will hold but little in store for them. Such
is the price that capitalists would have labor pay.
Thc Economic and Financial Record—sounds like "big business," so much so that we
feel that we are justified in accepting its howls as cmiuating from that source—true to tho
past history of such organs, it deliberately sets out to misrepresent the facts. It insinuates
that Mr. Browne is going to draw down pay for two jobs. They must know that that is
false, since Mr. Browne asked for "leave, without pay."
They apparently consider that politics is a "job." They arc, no doubt, speaking with
some experience to guide them for, it would appear to us that politics has always been considered to be a "job," by our capitalistic friends. We have little doubt but that they
have made well out of it, too.
If such a stato of affairs is allowed to continue, we would respectfully ask, by what
means are the workers to bc assured of representation if, when one of their number is
chosen to represent them, they aro going to be forced to give up the position that they hold,
and through which they earn the necessities of life.
We note with some degree of interest that the publication referred to failed to make
mention of the fact that Reeve McLean was at present holding two "jobs," and being
paid for both, while at the same time he must have some time to himself to look after his
private affairs.    It all depends who holds thc two—or more—" jobs I"
We would mako this observation, too. The ratepayers of Bitrnaby were quite aware
when the elected Mr. Browne to the position that, he now holds, that he would have to
absent for a short period eaeh year. They wei'e satisfied that he should be. But the
council, headed by his politieal opponent knew better!
No doubt, the editor ofthe Economic and financial Record.would go into absolute hysterics if labor were to adopt direct action of any kind. If they succeed in rendering labor's efforts to accomplish anything on their own behalf by constitutional methods, of no
avail, then, we ask in all seriousness, what method would they have us adopt? Arc they
tempting lahor to become radical so that Ihey niight have something to rave, about, and
something to  eall  the police and militia out for?
We hope that the saner and more intelligent nmong those who control "big business"
will see to it that a stop is put to such despicable tactics on the part of thcir paid servants. Labor is a force to be. reckoned witlifmin now. lt is becoming one of the greatest
forees for good and for the betterment of mankind the world over. To ignore it, or to attempt to restrain its progress by force, as they are attempting to do iu the case of Mr.
Browne, will only lead to labor redoubling her efforts in an endeavor to bring about the
downfall of this individualistic, competitive form of society in which wc live—or rather
exist—and on  which  "big business" thrives.
By Royal Proclamation Sunday,
Oct. 5th to Saturday,
October llth
By proclamation, lhe governor-
general has designated the week
commencing October 5th, oa "flre-
preventiori woek,!' during which time
lessons on firo prevention subjects
will bc given In the schools, public
meetings will tic held in many ol' tiie
larger cities, towns and villages, nnd
thc owners and occupants of property everywhero throughout Canada
will bo counselled" to give special attention to the removal at' fire hazards
from their premises. Flre waste is
one of the most serious economic
probloms confronting Canada at Hie
present time.
11. P.
Nominations for Aldermen, School
Trustees and Park Commissioners
Tlie local council of the Canadian
Labor party held their regular
monthly meeting in tlie Trades Council hull on Thursday evening lust.
Tiie lisiial routine business was enacted, together with tbe receiving of
nominations for aldermen for the
varoUfl wards, for trustees and pnrk
commissioners. Messrs. Hoover, Mt>
limes and Scrlbbens were chosen at
tliis meeting to nm ns aldermen and
it is expected nt the next meeting to
nominate others. For trustees, A. V.
Lofton und W. J. Downie were chosen, while for park commissioner the
nnme of W. Deptford is being submitted.
Considerable discussion arose over
the C.L.P. organizing seperale and
distinct fabor parlies in ench wnrd
in the '.ity. it wJih pointed out thai
il was Ukely to cause Home difficult}'
witli oilier labor parties which lind
been organizod and active in tho politieal field for years, and who joined
Hie Canadian Labor parly with the
dtroct understanding that the C.L.F.
wat. to be composed of represent.-!
lives nf the various organizations now
in existence, and lhat It was not the
intention or purpose to torm a new
parly lo take in Individual members.
but rather to coordinate tlie efforts
<>f lbi
Morality nnd religion aro bnt words
io bim wbo fishes in gutters for tho
means of sustaining life, am] oro Uch0*
bohind barrels In tho street for shelter from the cutting blasts of a
winters night.—Horace Greeley,
[By Sam Scarlett]
'TWERE are two classes of people
whb know nothing of the I. W. W.
They are those .who know they do not
know—a high form of knowledge ln
itself—and those who think they un- .
derstand what the I. W. W. is from
the publicity dictated by enemies of*
the movement. One does not go to a
grocery Btore, even if it be a good grocery, to havo his watch repaired.
Neither should one go to the capitalist papers to understand a movement
which spends hundreds of thousands
for literature of its own and operates
two immense printing plants to explain in eighteen languages what it ls,
what it seeks to accomplish, and the
methods through which lt seeks to
further its ends and Ideals. Naturally
the appointed spokesmen of a move*
ment—experts in that one line—at
least can best explain their movement.
Wlrnt Ih the I. W. W.?
The I. W. W. is first a labor union,
ami as a union, it Becks the organization of workers for economic action
to gain its ends as do all unions; but,
in tho case of the I. W. W., seeking
these ends of higher wages, better living conditions nnd shorten, hours .
through organizing the workers into
industrinl unions.
The I. W. W. is also n propaganda
league, with a propaganda   of scientific socialism.    Horo also, lo an extent
it is on the same footing with most of
the  other  unions;   because  there  aro
few unions that do not see a future
for labor beyond  capitalism, nt least
in   thcir   preambles;   altnougn   quito
often this fs not stressed, as it is in
the Industrial Workers of tlie World,
for   reasons   that   can   be   discovered
either in tho form of orgnnization or
thc  psychology of tbelr membership.
Thc I, W. W. holds an a constant goal
before  the  membership not only the
organization of   the  workers   in   tho
every-day struggle agninst tlie bosses,
which Is the function of all union*, but
also   lho  education  and   development
of the workers thrnugh  tills strugglo
to where they will have, lbe power and
the Intelligence to take over the industrial processes and operate  industry collectively  for the benefit of all
instead of tlie profit of a few, and that
few   non-producers,     lt   sees   in   the
present system o'f capitalism merely a
transitory stage in tbo development of
humanity, one of many in the evolution of humanity, not Ils goal.   It says
that human history Is a contlnuaj progression,   and   that   capitalism    Is   a
stage   in   human   evolution,   Just   ns
•battel   slavery   or   feudnlism   was   a
stage, and that it also will disappear;
that mankind can grow in spile of all
Inws to  mako social  forces that aro
dynamic, into static forces, in spite of
repressions which seeks to perpetuate the things (bal are.    In tbis it is
sooial Ism, not a socialist party to fight
the   battles  of  tho  workers  through
electing representatives to parliament,
but a socialism In overalls on the Job
—not a  parliamentary socialism.     It
being a, union, it knows that il is not
a parly,    lt differs from lho political
parties which seek the overthrow of
capitalism,   not in   dim,   but  In   means
und method.
Tho I. W. W. knows that men nre
not to be organizod on the basis of all
thcir beliefs; but of a few of Iheir
beliefs; that individuality must
not be entirety crushed In order lo
gain organisation, that every increase
in the number of necessary beliefs
means a decrease in the number of
men wbo ean be organized; that the
individual who would try to organizo
workers on the bnsis of tlieir agreeing
very thing could find none to
agree With him. Hence the organization as an orgnnization places tbe politieal beliefs of its members outside
its jurisdiction, leaving those lo tbo
members to decide ns individuals.
Not Anti-political but Non-Political
The I. VV. W. Is not nn anti-political
organization. Its members cnn voto
as Ihey wish, but at the same time, It
does not permit the organization io bo
used for politieal purposes, ns It feels
that this would create discord, detract from Ils Industrial efficiency and
render it less capable of waging its
union struggles. Tbe one stand of the
movement in regard to politics, is that
no olllcinl of the I. AV. AV. can be also
(Continued on page 3) PAGE TWO
sixteenth year.  No. 40 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver. b.c.
FRIDAY. October 3,  1924
Published every Friday by
The  British  Columbia   Federatlonist
Bmlncu and Editorial Office, 1129 Howe St.
The poller of The B. 0. FederationiBt ia
•ontrolled by the editorial board of the Fed-
erated Labor Party of British Columbia.
Subscription Rate: United .Status and Foreign. $8.00 per year; Canada, $2.60 per
year, $1.60 for aix months; to Uniona aub-
•crlbing in * body, 16o per member per
Thc  Federationist is on sale at thc  following news stands:
E. J. GALLOWAY. 940 OranviUe Street
  1071 OranviUe Street
F. 0. NEWS STAND. 325 Granville Street
JOHN QBEEN  206 Oarrall Street
 Oor. Hastings and Columbia Avenue
 Oor. Carrall aad Hastings Streets
 134 Hastings Street East
 135 Hastings Street East
 163 Hastings Street West
 Oor. Hastings and Abbott Streets
W. H. ARMSTRONG 2402 Main Street
BEN TOON'S BOOK SHOP 421 Granville
BOULT'S BOOK STORE.. 313'/s Cambie Sfc.
 900 Georgia Street Wost
 648 Georgia Street
PROOHNAU & GATES....169 Broadway East
P. TURNER 916 Main Street
R. A. WEBSTER ...5903 Frasor Street
SHOEMAKER & McLEAN....5 Lonsdale Ave.
A. MUNGEAM 754 Columbia Street
DEPOT NEW STAND Interurban Depot
 Cor. Yates and Government
HORSE SHOE STAND..1223 Govornment St.
W. LEVY 644 Yates Street
T. A. BARNARD 63 Commercial Street
W. H.  DENHAM News  Stand
 204 Eighth Ave. W-, Oalgary
 109 Eighth Avo. W., Oalgary
 803 Centre Street, Calgary
 304 First Street W., Calgaxy
 126a Eighth Ave. E.„ Oalgary
 810 Second Street £., Calgary
FRIDAY October 3,  1924
FOR sometime labor has been look-
. ing forward' to the arrival of
Miss Margaret Bondfleld, M.P. li
has been learned hut a few days ago
that Miss Bondfleld has chosen to ad
dress a joint meeting of thc men's
and women's Canadian clubs, and has
apparantly condescended to address
the social workers afterwards. How
Miss Bondfleld expects to gain any
knowledge of the attitude of the
labor bodies towards the question of
child Immigration is beyond us. We
would have thought that Miss Bond-
veld would have shown a little more
courtesy and consideration for her
comrades in Canada, and in Vancouver who extended an invitation to hello speak to thein. If there is one
body, above all other bodies, that is
Interested in the exploitation of the
children,  it Is labor.    We hope Miss
Bondfleld  may  yet  soe  the  error
her way before it i« too late.
one would like to do; but, neverthe.
less there comes a time when it is
better to wash one's hands of the
whole affair until such times as one
can adopt, and carry into effect the
only scheme whereby the social ills
from which we are suffering to-day,
can be remedied, and that is socialism, pure and simple.
W13 are amused at times, when we
read the jottings of some of our
local contributors regarding Russian
propaganda; They seem to be very
anxious that we never read nor hear
anything about that country that does
not belittle its people and discredit
its government. In spite of all we
hear from time to time about the
boasted liberty of our daily press, we
cannot holp but smile. They have
consistently and persistently done
everything that lay in thoir power to
discredit everyone who dared say
anything that was at all favorable to
Mrs. Henderson spent throe
months in the heart of Russia. Surely
she has a right to speak of what she
has soon and heard. Suroly tliis woman, who. a few years ago, was spoken of so highly for her humanitarian
endeavors among the unfortunate
young people in the groat city oi
Montreal, has not become, in the
short interval that lias elapsed since
then, such an unreliable creature that
we cannot believe a single word that
she says. If she would choose to belittle Russia and her govern mon I, we
know, that every word she wouid
utter would lio heralded throughout
tho length and breadth oi this land;
of ours.
Evon our friend, "Djogones" of the
Vancouver Daily Province, has seen
flt to shoot hi.H poisoned arrow al
Mrs. Henderson. We doubt if he has
over heard Mrs. Henerson speak on
this .subject. Wc doubt if he has
over made it his business to talk to
her personally regarding her visit to
Russia, Such writers very rarely do.
One. would liavo thought that Diogenes, old newspaper contributor that
he is, would know better than believe
half, yos, even a quarter, of what he
reads in the daily press. He must
know that it is purely propaganda.
If he does not, thon he is one of the
most innocent creatures this world
has over produced. For him to suggest Hint Mrs. Henderson's missionary efforts are nefarious is a most
uncalled for slur and ill becoming a
gentleman. We would humbly suggest that our friend Diogenes hear
Mrs. Henderson and learn a few
facts, and not depend on the duily
press for his information regarding
private interests to do so. They
utilize their own production flrst, however, and only buy from the private
interests when they have to. They
see no reason why they should give
away their natural resources to some
private concern and then buy them
back again at any price that these
interests might care to ask.
They believo in production for use
and not for profit. They believe that
the natural resources belong to the
people, and that they should be uaed
by and in the Interests of the people,
their only rightful owners. The
Soviets may have made many mistakes. They wduld not be human unless they did, but in this instance
at least we would do well to follow
in tlieir footsteps.
One company alone holds, accord-
ng to our information, no less than
47,000,000,000 feet of timber in Can-
da. They are an American company
at that, Is it any wonder that we are
being overburdened with taxation?
Everything that might be worth while
is being given away and the people
are getting little or nothing out of it
all.   Whon will we wake up?
IT is quite apparent that the opposition forcos in England are' getting
ready for an election. As of yore,
they are resorting to tactics lo which
they have becomo well accustomed.
The>' are predicting a split in the
ranks of the present government.
Apparently they realize that tbey
hard up a.;iin«t it for good election
material when they have to resort to
such a cry. Even though the ranks
■of labor may be split, as the opposition forces would like to believe
they are, we fall to see whore they—
the opposition—hnve anything to offer the people of England, were ihey
to take over the reins of government,
The same opposition forces have
tried upon every occasion to thwart,
by every means within iheir power,
any good legislation that the labor
gopernment would bring forth. For
that reason, if for none other, we ore
forced to doubt their sincerity. |
The labor government may have I
erred many times. Wo frankly
believe that they have- Errors, however, do not in anyway distinguish
them from other governments. They
have all been guilty of sueh things.
Their greatest error, In our Judgement, has been that they have been
too tolerant of our capitalist friends.
"\V_ realize, of course, that Premier
MacDonald has been trying, by -all
the means in his powor, to straighten
out the European entanglement. If
he succeeds In doing that he will
havo earner! tho undying gratitude of
COUntlGflH millions of men and women
tho world over. If ha succeeds in
thnt, we might well forgive many of
tho short comings of his government.
If he would succeed In the future,
und hold the support and confidence
-of his followers lie must adopt a more
wggresslve socialistic, policy, however.
We realizo that, witli a minority government, It Is hard to do lho things
E thought that when our friend
Mr. Harnett had resigned from
the police commission he would have
found no further cause for his frequenting our police court. Somehow
or other he has not seen fit to do so.
He seems to think, it would appear
to us, that the police court cannot
be run without his being present.
He has been almost a daily visitor
to ths court for the past three weeks
or so. We wonder why! ' There must
be a reason. After the manner In
which he was talked about, nnd after
his resigning as he did, we nre of tho
opinion that he Is conducting himself
in a manner that is throwing very
considerable doubt on his "good in
ten tions."
We know that while he was police
commissioner he could leave his car
wherever he liked, and eould drive as
fast as he liked through the street;
of this city—at least It seemed to us
as though he was driving as fast as
he liked—for he passed everyone in
sight, almost—yet we never heard of
hla being arrested or fined.
It is just such actions as these that
are getting the police force into tho
disrepute in this city, thai we believe
It is. An ordinary lawabiding citizen,
should he, by any chance, leave his
car a few minutes longer than he
should on our streets, Is hailed before
the court, while at the same time
some others can commit tho most
glaring breach of the Inw and pass
along unnoticed.
Such actions on the Mart of our
police do not gain fpr it any respect
but rather doos it cause to lie heaped
upon it, what would appear to us to
be, Just contempt, If tlict-e are gome
person or persons lu lbs city who are
interfering with the officers in charge
of our police forco, the public would
like to know who they are, Thero is,
frankly, in our opinion, something
radically wrong—and we don't believe it is with the oflicor or man that
we nre accustomed to soo on the
street; We think thnt they too, would
like to soe a few things cleaned up.
have odd ways of doing
ngs in China. We cannot say
that we are always in agreement with
their tactics. On this occasion wo are
ilmost inclined to think that their
military men have shown a little sign
of sanity. All Chinese editors of
newspapers in Pekin were beheaded
by order of tho military commander.
Other newspapermen were put in jail.
Apparently tho editors are little better there, than are the editors of our
daily press here. They do a thous-
nd times more harm than good.
Tlie Chinese generals evidently feel
that thoy are the greatest cause of
social unrest and chaos and,'we are
very prone to agree with them in that
regard. You can starve a man, thrash
him and stick a bayonet into him,
but you cannot necessarily make him
agree with you. You might even
make him read all the filth and falsehoods that appear' in our daily press
from day to day, but even then, if he
is at ail thoughtful and intelligent,
you cannot blind hini to the social
injustices that everywhere abound.
An informed public opinion is oppression's strongest enemy. With
that we are in hearty accord, An ill-
informer public opinion is, however,
the gravest danger that confronts society today. Our daily press, the
source upon which our public opinion
feeds, is, in our humble judgment,
polluted beyond redemption. So long
as you advertise in their columns, to
such a degree as to render your pat
ronage worth anything at all, then
you can rest content. Little wonder
that oppression runs riot in this,
in other lands, where the power and
influence of wealth holds the reins.
So long as the labor movement ignores the influence of our dally press,
and plays with it as it is doing, while
at the same time it refuses to co-ordinate its own press services In an
endeavor to make such an Institution
the influence for good that it ought
to be, then we are doomed to be slaves
portunities than most of us have.
Yet you admit that he manifested a
splendid spirit. Yet He was a man
of sorrows and acquainted with grief,
there never was a man so despised
and persecuted by those in authorty;
yet when He suffered, He threatened
not, but committed Himself to Him
that judges righteously. He saw
slavery and the oppression of the
pcor by the rich, yet never once do
we flnd Him inciting the people to
throw off their oppressors. If you
carefully read His life you will flnd
His appeal is always to hearts, never
to cupidity and envy, and there lies
the root of the trouble; the human
heart is terribly selfish, and that is
thc mischief. I have had some experience, and I have never found
that the heart of the socialist is more
tender than the hearts of other peo.
pie; but they are just as ready to
take advantage of their fellow men
as others, when given opportutty.
I was glad to see that Mr. Clynes,
the leader of the house of commons,
has realized that Is tlie position. In
a pamphlet recontly published, he
has said that the work before the
socialist party now, is to make the
people good enough for socialism.
Tho only thing that will make them
good enough, is a chango of heart,
which can never be brought about
by any measure of social reform. The
only thing to do that is the gospel of
Christ, and tlie great mass of the
people still say, "We will not havo
this man to reign ovor us."
You say: "So far as the teaching
of evolution is concerned, we are
prone to believe that they are too
firmly established, and too much in
accord with the facts of science, to
be ca3t aside for any religious theory." This is very dogmatic. I
would like to call you attention to nn
article in the London Dally News of
September 6th, by Dr. Glover, public
orator at Cambridge university. In
tlio course of tho article he says:
"I find that so far us my friends aro
concerned, the more learned they
become, the less dogmatic tbey are
on evolution." In the first week of
September, at a conference at Oxford, Professor McBride, who is an
evolutionist, admitted that we have
no .direct evidence of evolution.
Canon Barnes, whom I see you have
heard of, another evolutionist, said
that the doctrine is beset with "grave
perplexities," from which it would
appear that biological evolutfon cannot possibly be elevated to the category of scientific truth.
So far as struggling to bring the
socialistic state into being, my hope
is that God will save us from it until
we are flt for it. The duty of christians is to set forth Jesus Christ as
the only hope for humanity; and
when the mass of the poople have
nccopted Him as their saviour, and
servo Him as their king, then the
ideal state will automatically come,
and depend upon it, it will never
come until then. JVIay God in His
mercy hasten that time.
Yours faithfully, P. L. H.
Ilkeston, Eng., Sept. 14, 1924.
P. S.—Canon Barnes has been
challenged to debate the subject and
lias refused.
AS We See It-The
British-Russian Treaty
(Continued  from  page  1)
SOME of our American Oil magnates, sometime ago, thought they
would like to delve into the oil game
In Russia. They did. Now, about a
year later, they have dotlnitetly surrendered their concessions, Lucky
Soviets! We have given these same
gentlemen—or perhaps their cousins
---similar rights In Canada and we aro
having to pay dearly for It, Wo do
tbe giving, but they do the taking.
What happens In Russia is Unit the
Soviets are wise enough to develop
thoir own oil-Heidi, as well as allowing
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed is accepted by the management,]
Christianity ami Evolution
Editor B, C. Federatlonist: You
were kind enough to publish in your
issue of August* 22, 1924, my letter.
In reference to T. A. Barnard's question in your issue of a later date, I
flnd on looking it uP, that I was a
bit careless in my quotation. It really
reads as follows: "Even Professor
Haeckel, In his old age, had to admit lhat most modern Investigators
have come to the conclusion that the
doctrine of evolution, particularly
Darwinism, is error, and cannot be
maintained." This Is taken from
"Scientists and the Fall of Man," by
Rev.  C.  L. Langston,  B.A,
Now, sir, I suggest to you that the
fact that these modarn investigators,
iu spite of hnving Haelekel's life's
work to help thom in their investiga,
lions, having come to the foregoing
conclusion, is rnther more dangerous
to the doctrine, than If Haeckel him
sel; had. In his old age. come to
that conclusion. I hopo I may bo
forgiven my previous lack of care. |
Well, I hope I may leave lt now nt
«ny rato, lor you will understand,
Mr. Editor, that wlien 1 wrote I had
no intention of entering into, or
starting nny controversy with any of
your readers. No one knows1 bettor
than myself, how very limited are
my qualifications, so perhaps some
more powerful pen than mine will
take It up.
1 soe you were good enough to
write an editorial arising out of my
letter and seeking to reassure christians, T must answer In my humble
way one or two statements on it.
To begin with, I did not accuse The
Federatlonist in particular, of being
out to destroy Christianity, as I realize, with you, that it Is far too feeble
an instrument to do such a stupendous work. To do that there never
has boen, and never will be, any in-
strumeni strong enough. Of course,
lo say tliis, is not to disparage your
journal. The words of Him who
spoke as no other man spoke, aro
still true: "The gates of hell shall
not prevail." Then, you say that if
tho spirit of Christ, as manifested in
Christ Himsolf tivo thousand years
ago, had nn opportunity to live and
express Itself In thn life of ns nil,
thin world would be a bolter plnco by
far than It is to-day. Now, I would
nsk you what powor it Ih, that pre
vonts it being expressed. He hud no
more material advantages    and
[By J. W. Y. Jarvis]
"T\0 we appreciate at its real worth
the wonderful service Keir Hardle did for the cause of labor?
In Bruce Glasier's book* the story'
reads like a romance of old, shorn of
the knightly trappings and blood-
thirstiness. How he started out a
poor little kiddy, one of nine children, son of a miner. His mother
doubtless amidst all the trials and
sufferings, who found time to teach
Kier reading. How he started earning his shilling or eighteen pence a
week as a message boy at a 'pit, barefooted, and six years of age.
His struggles for years as secretary
of the Ayrshire miners, his work for
home rule for Ireland, abolition of
the house of lords; eventually Joining
Henry George in the land for the people crusade. Lator his meeting with
and joining Robert Smillie (another
giant) and a year or two later becoming an avowed socialist.
In 1888 the first real alarm was
sounded in tlio ranks of tho two old
traditional parties. Hardie stood in
tho Mid-Lanark bye-election as a trade
union member, and although .ho only
polled 718 votes, the question of labor
representation spread wide throughout
tho land.
Prom thonce onward his name and
work was in full light; everywhere
indefatiguable for the various causes
at issue—the eight-hour day particularly—and urging the workers to form
a political party of tlieir own. Quoting  from   Mr.  Glasier's  hook:
"I doubt if any British statesman
has done more to awaken'a feeling of
solidarity among tlie working-class ot
the Empire than he. Alike by his
labor agitation at home, and by his
visits to Canada, America, Australia,
New Zealand nnd South Africa, he
created among the workers of English-
speaking lands an interost in the domestic affairs of our country, and a
feeling of common sympathy, of
which there was previously little or no
His universal sympathy for all
Workers, world-wide, was,as remarkable as it was an awakening, and may
be considered as tho first real movo
for brotherly consideration towards
workors under other flags, which so
quickly spread to an international .understanding.
Of the man's large heartedness, his
championship of the poor and unemployed will ever be remembered; and
his spiritual appreciation of tho situation ahead is best illustrated by what
Mr. Glasler calls his inspired declaration,  that,  "the nation that has the
treaty, the claims of British holders
of loaus issued or taken over by or
guaranteed by the former imperial
Russian government, or by the municipalities of towns in the territory
now included in the union, payable in
foreign (non-Russian) currency."
If there have been concessions, this
clause shows clearly thnt the Russians
made concessions as well as the British.
Article 8 of the treaty reads:
"Claims by nationals (including juridical persons) of the one party
against the other party in respect of
loss or Injury due to events which
took place between the 1st of August,
1914, and the coming Into force of
the present treaty . . , shall, In
view of the admitted preponderance
of the claims of the British nationals,
be finally settled as between the contracting parties by the payment of a
lump sum by the government of the
union to the government of his Britannic Majesty. The distribution of
this sum shall be effected by the government of his Britannic Majesty iu
such manner as they shall consider
Article 10 of the treaty reads: The
government of the union will, by wny
of exception to the decrees nationalizing industrial businesses and land, negotiate with British nationals (including Juridical persons) in respect
of industrial businesses or concessions
which have been nationalized or cancelled by it, in order to arrange for
the grant of just compensation for
such claims.
"A settlement of the claims referred
to in article 6 is to be arrived at by
negotiation between the parties con
corned; the claims referred to, in article 8 are to bo oxamined by a committee of six, three to bo appointed by
each side, and the claims referred to
In article 10 are to be considered by
a commission of six, three to be appointed by each government."
Article ll—A second treaty will be
entered into which will contains
(I) The condltdions accepted in
accordance with artielo G; (2) The
amount and method of payment of
compensation for claims under article 8; Cf) An agreed settlement of
proporty claims other than those di
reclly settled by the government of
the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Mr. Coales gives article 12 in full,
as it Is the article having reference,
to the guaranteed loan which has been
so widely misrepresented.
Article 12 of the treaty reads:
"Upon the signature of the treaty referred to lu article 21, his Britannic
Majesty's government will recommend
parliament to enable them to guarantee the lntereat nnd sinking fund of n
lonn to be Issued by the government
or the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
"Tho amount, terms and conditions
of the said loan and tho purposes to
which ft shall be applied shall bc defined in the treaty providod for ln article   11,  which   will  not  come into
force until the necessary parliamentary authority for the guarantee of
the said loan has been given."
The labor party has not fulfilled
the expectations of many in the labor
movement, but thoae who appreciate
the obstacles in the way did not expect much and are therefore not disappointed.
The world's troubles are of an international nature and cannot be settled nationally one by one; for that
reason the British government have
given so much attention to foreign
affairs. Peace and free exchange between nations ls an aboslute necessity
for economic betterment in any sense.
In fact, free exchange between nations, each producing that for which
they are best fitted and exchanging
the surplus for what they cannot, or
cannot economically produce, is the
only road to peace.
faith and courage to flrst resign its
arms will win a big place for Itself
in history and will be safest from
Why then was he the best hated
and feared of all the working-class
leaders by the capitalist and privi-
ledged classes and their servitors, the
ss? Because (again quoting Mr.
dlasier): "Instinctively they perceived in him the dread apparation of the
great common people divested of their
servility, their ignorance and their
fear, the great common people awakened to consciousness of their rights,
their power, their contempt of those
who had degraded them, and robbed
them, the great common people—
the miners, artisans, factory workeie,
field laborers, the seamstresses, ana
the charwomen, suddenly standing
erect in good clean olothes, with the
glow of socialism In their eyes, bidding
thoir lords and oppressors betake
themselves from their rent offices and
thoir cash rooms, from parliament and
the sovereignty of lho nation!—bidding them, in fact, be off the hack cf
labor for ever!"
Nan Hardle, hts daughter, speaking
at Cumnock, only a few days ago said:
"We have a labor government, but
my father's work is not dono, It will
not be done so long as a child is born
to hpnger or a man or woman walks
the streets in rain 'or work."
Ours tho task lo help forward according to our best lights and strength.
*J. Keir Hardle
Bruco Glasler.
a memorial, by J.
Killllloopa  Sort   Drink  Workers  Now
Firmly  Established
It will bo of interest to workers to
hear that the Rainier Brewing compnny of Canada, limited, have recently joined with the International
Union of Brewery, Flour, Cereal and
Soft Drink Workers of America,
through Local No. 2i.li, at Kamloopa.
It is acknowledged that this action
on the part of the Rainier manage-
met lias helped very materially in
placing Local 290 on a firmly established basis, and secretary Green has
sent a letter of appreciation to the
Rainier Brewing' company, thanking
them for their assistance in seeing
the contracts put through.
Every Orphoum vaudeville fan in
Vancouver will welcome the news
that "Chic" Sale is coming back
headline attraction on the new bill
opening noxt Thursday, A clean,
wholesome and very clover impersonator of rural characters, "Chic" Sale
stands without a poor in the business.
His "SUnday School entertainment,"
and subsequent "Schoolroom concert"
acts are real classics. As a good,
clean-living, simple and sincere chap,
"Chic" Sale is hold in high esteem
everywhere. Another great attraction will bo Josephine La Vote and
Lester Lane, offering vaudeville's
most sensational dance revue, "A
Study in Youth." Their company includes a quartette of sprightly girls.
Florence Brady, the southern singer,
and Gilbert Wells, the gentleman
from Mississippi who composed many
songs are "teamed" now in an act
that is a melodious delight. Then
comes Amac with his mysterious
three-cord illusion, presenting "The
Illusive Lady." Tho four Ortons are
comedy wireists, dextrous and funny
Billy Lytell and Tom Pant are
comedy song and dance experts
who call themselves "Chocolate Cake-
eaters." There is also another surprise feature aet, and the usual picture attractions and concert orches
tra selections.
Pass The Federatlonist along and
help get new subscribers.
Sidelights on a Great
The People's Partnership in British
Columbia Timber
October Values at "Famous'
Biggest in History
WE'RE "colobrRting" at tho "Famous"
our ilfti't'ii yoars of successful business,
and tho opening of our remodelled building.
In all tho most beautiful styles in coats,
dresses, suits, skirts, sweaters, hosiery, millinery, etc., values during October will be boyond anything you ever imagined.
FamOUS m_^%.
619-623 Hastings Stnet West
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Women's Hosiery
for Autumn Wear
Note the Values
Silk and Wool Hose, a
neat fitting stocking of
medium weight, in the
popular fawn and grey
shades at $1.25 pair.
Silk and Wool Hose of
medium weight; black
only. Speeial, $1.50
Extra outsido All-wool
Hose, sizes to IO1/., in
black, at $1.50.
—Drysdale's    Hosiery    Shop,
First Floor
lMmne Seymour __40
When a man takes two cigars!
from his Pocket, puts one In hid
mouth and offers you the other wltlj
the information that they aro two]
for a quarter, you eau generally*]
make up your mind that he is going]
to smoke the twenty-cent one hhn-f
Phone Soymour 2354
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-108 Metropolitan  Bnildlng
837 Hutlngi St. W. VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Telephones: Sermour 6666 ud 6667
TJAVK you ever lind a real drink I
■"■of Pure Apple Cider during Uie |
last few years?.
To meet tbe desires of mnny clients,
wo have introduced recently a pnre dear |
sparkling apple elder in pint bottles,
either pure sweet or govornment regulation -% hard apple cider. These drinks
are absolutely pure and free from all
capbonlo acid gas or preservatives of
any nature. Write or phone your order,
today, Highland 90.
Older Mumfictam,
1056 Oommerclil Xsttte, Vuconnr, B. 0.
The new reduced Night
Rates make long-dist-
a n c e conversations
much cheaper after 8:30
Ask the rate clerk for
1160 asorgta Stmt
Bandar services, 11 a.m. and 7lS0 p.m.
Sanday    school    immediately    following I
morning aervice.    Wedneaday testimonial I
meeting,   8   p.m.     Free   reading   room. I
901-908 Birks Bldg.
The Oliver Rooms!
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
VERY citizen ot British Columbia,
though he may not realize the fact,
is a partner in the timber-holding
business of the province.
By virtue of the public's right in its
national domain every inhabitant of
B. C. possesses a certain defined right
in the development of its forest resources.
The partner of the public is the in-
vestor who, relying on fair and equitable treatment, has risked millions
upon millions of dollars in the purchase of standing timber in British
Columbia. •
The value of the public's equity in
the province's forests is very clearly
shown indeed by the fact that although it put no actual cash into the
concern it netted three and a half million dollars inepme from forest revenuo last yeur.
This amount was collected by the
government and applied to public
works, education and other expenditures
The value of the standing timber
to both partners lies in the possibilities lt possesses of conversion into
merchantable products.
lf the lumber industry of British
Columbia were taxed out of businoss
the investor would lose his money and
the public would lose their revenue.
The public of British Columbia
would then be left with a fine scenic
stand of timber which would cost
them a vost umount of money to protect but would not yield a cent In return.
They would also be left with a reputation that would scaro overy sane
investor out of the province.
This series  of  articles  comimiiil-
euled   by   tlio   Timber   Industries
Couneil of British Columbia.
THE UNION BANK OF CANADA, with its chain
of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking care
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad.
Give Bread First
Place in Your
Diet -^  &
IjVERY task you undertake—mental or manual—
every "lick of work" you do "eats up" energy.
Keep your furnace fires fcoinfe with plenty of fcood
THAT hurried mid-day meal—make it a luncheon of delicious
golden-crusted Bread with a bowl of creamy rich milk—perfect
fuel-food for the human dynamo.
"**- FBIDAT October 3,  19'24
They are made of
first quality leathers on comfortable
good  fitting lasts.
For wort\ or dress
At all leading Shoe Stores.
Timely Topics
"Yes," said the Purchasing Agent,
"I have quit Asking Prices for Print-
ing. I intend Placing Future Orders
on tho basis of Personal Appearance
Only."—Canada ink.
There can bo no truo rest without
work, and tbe full delight of a holiday
cannot bo known except by tbe man
wbo  has  earned  it.—Hugh  Black.
SHALED TENDERS addressed io tho undersigned will be reived by the council up
to 8 o'clock of Monday, October 6 pro. for
paving nud curbing Ninth Avenue from Snsa-
nun  to Tolmie Streets. ■
Forms of tender,'siH'cifientions nnd full informal ion mnv bo obtained on application to
Hit. Municipal Knuiueer ou payment of tho
Mini of $5, which will ba roturned on receipt
of ;i bona flde tender.
A deposit by certified cheque of ten (iu)
per cent, of tho nmount tendered will be required witli eaoh tender as security that tho
tenderer will, If called upon, enter into a
contract, and provide tho required bond for
the performance of the* work.
Canvassing members of the council for any
nf this business will be held to be o disqualification. „
The lowest or any  tender not necessarily
0. M. C.
_luiiieil»l Hal*. 5**H West Boulevard,
Vancouver, II. C, Sc*i>i. ao, 1024.
Uirgest Exclusive FOB HOUSE In
the West
352-1 luid J21 tiooiKla street West
Sermour 0876-9828
CANADA and U.S.A..
i Union MusiciamEnflqyed Exduslwljr iS
Vancouver Unions
Meets second Monday in the month.    Pre-
sident, J. R. White; secrotary, R. H. Neelands. P. 0. Bor 68.  _	
319 Pender St. West—Business meetings
every Wednesday evening. A. Maclnnis,
chairman; E. H. Morrison, sec-treu.; Oeo.
D. Harrison, 1182 Parker Street, Vancouver,
II. C, corresponding seoretary.
Any district in British Golumbl** desiring
Information re securing speakers or the formation of loeal branches, kindly communicate
with provincial SecreUry J. Lyle Telford,
624 Birks Bldg., Vanoouver, B. C. Telephone Seymonr 1832, or Fairmont 4938.
WfE NOTE with intereat that Mr.
^* Andy BIygh is concerning himself
with some recently suggested pension
schemes for policemen or firemen.
His suggestion that there were other
workers than the firemen and policemen who should not be discriminated
against in this regard is timely. Many
of them were in no less need ot such
pensions than theae two bodies, Andy
is right, but we would suggest to him
that he be careful. When a man begins to show such signs of enlighten-
men regarding the needs of humanity
he will likely flnd that the liberal
party can well do without him. Certainly, they will not flnd him any very
remunerative Jobs, at least.
* *      *
Reeve McLean and his henchmen
should have been out at the recent
labor rally at North Burnaby the
other night. They would have seen
there just how much good they have
done the B. C. Federated Labor party
by acting as they did towards Frank
43i'OWnc, M. L. A. No doubt had It
been before tlm recent elections, Mr.
McLean would havo been there; but.
now, of course, he would hardly havo
the nerve to go. Still It Is wonderful
how thick-skinned somo of these old
politicians can become in a short
* *      *
It is interesting to soe how the Sun
raved away about the decision of
Chief Justice Caverly in connection
with the Loeb-Leo pold case. If the
Sun -would show as much concern
about justice here at home, we would
havo more faith in their chatter.
When we read what they have to say
about the Peace River district, we
wonder what interests the Sun has up
there that it is so anxious about. We
wonder if some one else has any coal
mines or prospective coal mines up
there, and 11' they are making It worth
while for the Sun to make sunn a
noise about he Interests of this province. Wo are oC tlie opinion that lf
tho Brule cut-off was built, It might
be of some help to a few. The manager of the Sun might happen to know
them very well. One can never toll
these days. Times are hard, you
* •      •
According too London newspapers,
Britain's latest foreign trouble in Iraq
is an oil dispute. Oil has been one of
the most fruitful causes of International bitterness in modern times, and
will continue as long as governments
are controlled by banking and big
buslnesn cliques,
* *      *
In 191!) public money to tho extent
£5,000,000 was Invested by England in
the Anglo-Porslan OU company, and
for. the sake of this oil, Britain had
previously joined with Russia in suppressing Persian parliamentary institutions: the nomad tribesmen were
givon a feu- shares to keep them
quiet. When oil was discovered in
other parts of Persia and Mesopotamia, Britain realized her responsibilities suddenly, and manfully shouldered the white man's burden.
* •      •
Tho power derived from private
ownership of oil is so great that if
unchecked, it reduces democracy to a
farce. For instance, the American
government in all oil questions is the
mouthpiece of Standard Oil. It is a
notorious fact that the oil question
wrecked the Genoa conference, and
that the Standard Oil company had to
be bribed before Britain gained the
friendship of America nt the Lausanne conference.
* *      •
The capitalist press ia amusing itself with speculations as to what the
government here will offer labor ns a
bribe to help it govern, and one paper
suggests the eight-hour day. The enforcement of an eight-hour day would
hardly suffice. Tho labor representatives are not trade unionists flrst and
foremost; It is, therefore, not thoir
aim to help manage the masters' business for a consideration liko tho eight-
hour day bill. Control of thc land
the natural resources, means of production and transportation, those are
their "pet" objectives, not mere reforms.
Pros and Antis—
Debate Vaccination
Case of Scarlett
(Continued from page 1)
[A Series by B.C. Medical Association]
second Thursday overy month in Holden
Building. President, J. Brlghtwell; flnanelal
secretary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth Avonue
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Help*
era of America, Local 194—Meetinga first
and third Mondays in each month in Holden
Building. President, P. Willis; secretary, A.
Fraser. Offlco hours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 6
and third Fridaya In each month, at 4«
Richards Street. President, David CuthiU,
2863 Albert Street; aecretary-treaaurer, Geo.
Harrison, 1182 Parker Street,
of Steam and Operating, Local 882—
Meets every Wednesday at 8 p.m., Room
808 Holdon Bldg. President, Charles Priee;
business agent and flnahclal secretary, P. L.
Hunt;   recording secretary, J. T, Venn.
UNION, Local 145, A. F. of M.—Moota in
G.W.V.A. Auditorium, 801 Dunsmuir Street,
aecond Sunday at 10 a.m. President, E. C.
Miller, 991 Nolrfon Struct; secretary, E.'A.
Jamloson, 991 Nelson Street; financial seoretary, W. E. Williams, 991 Nelson Stroet;
organiser, F. Fletcher, 991 Nelson Street,
0.-—Moeting nights, first Tuesday and Srd
Friday of each month at headquarters, 818
Cordova Street West. President, D, Gillespie; vice-president, John Johnson; secretary-
treaaurer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Cor
dova Street West. Branch agnnt's address:
George Faulkner, 578 Johnson Street, Victoria, B. 0.
,  a.m. on the Tuesday preceding the 1st Sun-
1 day of iho month-   Prosldent, Harry Pearson,
991 Nelson  Stroot;   Secretnry,  E. A. Jamie-
B0»,   991 Nelson Stroet; Business Agont, *•
\   Fletcher,  991  Nelson  St. _	
dent, R. P. Pettlplece: vice-pros ident 3.
M. Bryan; aocretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands, P. O. Box 66. Meets last Sunday of
eaoh month at 2 p.m. In Holden Building, IB
Hastings Street East,
Hunting*-*,    .-... -j.   .-.*■*..»■.. _^-_«™__^_______-—~n~*~—
UNION, No. 418—Preildent, S. D. Macdonald. secretary-tre-Burer. J. Hi Campbell.
P. O. Box 68D. MeeU lut Thundar of «aoli
aioaik. V ' ty     ''
Mrs. Burnett PusScfl
Mra. E. Burnett, nged "0, died nt
Seattle, on September 25. The lnte
estimable lady waa the mother of Roy
P. Barnett, former business agent of
the Milk Wagon Drivers union of that
COAL   and   WOOD
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Soy.   1288 221 ABBOTT ST.
Come In and Look
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Women's Toe-hold Rubbers,
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Men's Rubbers, a better grade,
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Children's Knee Gum Boots, 6
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Men's Tweed Pants, up from
Men's Irish Serge Pants, 5 'pockets, belt loops, and cuff bottoms.   Special, at  $2,95
Men's all-wool Knitted Vests,
without sleeve, assorted colors
and trim.    Special $2,75
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Hoys' Furnishings
Huts, Hoots nnd Shoes
Between 7th and 8th avenues
Phone, Fairmont 14
rpHE anti-vaccinationists ask.why we
urge universal vaccination. For
one renson mainly—and that is, that
smallpox is naturally a children's disease and the mortality from it
amongst children is tremendous. From
1580 to 1760 96% of smallpox deaths
were under 10 years of age. The most
striking result of vaccination has been
a removal of the age incidence of
smallpox from childhood to adult life.
When one considers the frightfully
ruinous effects of smallpox ln children, the reason for our advocacy of
vaccination for children is obvious.
Also, there is the "act that the medica
profession believes very firmly in vaccination, and urges it from a sense of
duty to the public.
The latest article of our opponents
gives several instances of their method
of argument. They quote the registrar-general's report on London for
1870 to 1880, and if thfs is carefully
read it will be found to be very unfair
and disingenuous. They . stato that
othor diseases decreased from 50 to
33%, whilst smallpox increased 50%.
This does not moan much unless we
know whiit the basis is on which the
percentage is calculated. If these
records be studied, it will be found
that the actual number of deaths
from smallpox, during this period, was
relatively very small as compared will
the deaths, say, CO or 100 years before,
whereas the number of deaths from
other diseases, whilst undoubtedly decreasing, has done so vory much more
slowly than smallpox. It is this sort of
partial quotation that is so unfair and
the article abounds in instances.
anti-vaccinationists make a
great deal of the fact that smallpox is
found in vaccinated people, and therefore conclude that vaccination la of
no valuo. We havo admitted several
times that smallpox can occur even In
the vaccinated, but It is very rare
when vaccination has been recent, and
even when not recent the disease is
apt to be very mild and non-fatal.
The Windsor epidemic, quoted in our
last article, shows this.
Two cases are quoted of children
vaccinated in Vancouver, one of whom
died following vaccination. It is not
true that the infection appeared "Immediately following vaccination." It
did not occur for some two or three
weeks, and was due to an erysipelatous Infection. It was a lamentable
result but was not due to vaccination.
The erysipelas organism ia liable to invade any scratch or wound and this
child might have contracted the disease from the scratch of a pin. As we
have remarked before, vaccination is
nn operation involving invasion of the
skin, and there Is undoubtedly a small
percentage of risk in every case, Just
as thero is every time one scratches
oneself with a pin or bramble.
The figures quoted regarding the
Philippines are so confused that one
cannot protend to answer them, We
have gone into some detail regarding
the situation in the Philippines,
Why do not the anti-vaccmatlonists
state things as they happen? It Is not
true that the royal commission reported that compulsory vaccination was
not justifiable. The majority report
was very greatly in favor of vaccination and endorsed it, but recommended a modified and much less stringent
form of compulsion, by recognizing
and exempting the conscientious objectors on certain conditions. Tho
minority report oppoaert compulsion
and favored isolation rather than vaccination, It was signed by two of the
The sttatement made that 'people
take smallpox twico and thrice is a
new one to us, Frankly we believe ti
Is utterly untrue.
In the next paragraph, tho state
ment that vaccination neithor protects
nor prevents, wo had hoped was sat
Isfaotorily answered by the figures wc
produced. The article concludes, of
course, with an attack on medical
theories, and wo would again point out
that our support of vaccination is
based on fads, not on theories, nnd
that the record of these facts covers
a sufflcinct period of time, and a sufficient number of cases, to make It of
Tho medical profession Is frankly In
favor of general vaccination, and the
records of tho results justify our attitude. As things aro at present, tho
people who got smallpox aro about all
unvacclnated. Yet it is tho people
Who take the precaution to got vaccinated, and so protect themselves ana
the community, that have to pay tho
bills for the others who arc "conscientious objectors," If those who take
smallpox wore made to pny for tneii
treatment, It would be much fairer,
since it Is their own fault that they
have the disease at all. Or If the government would collect from those who
refuse to get vaccinated, it would be
fairest of all, since all experience
shews that It is from their ranks that
the vast majority of cases is going to
come. If this was done, wo do no*
think there would be very many objectors. It. Is noteworthy, too, that
In the last epidemic in Windsor, Ont.,
whero there wero so many deaths, the
conscientious objectors, to quote the
report, "usually so noisy and troublesome, gave no trouble at all."
If you want tp see a man struggling to do several things nt onco,
just watch him trying to put on his
overcoat and rubbers and yot keep
his head bowetl while the minister Is
pronouncing the benediction.
Miss Johnson—Mollndy Jaokaon
says she has blue blood In her veins.
Mjsh Toman n—Well, she orter hah.
De female side ob her house has
been hnndlln' washing-blue for ten
'[By the Humane Education and Anti.
vivisection Society, Vancouver,
T¥7E are told in the articles by the
B. C. Medical association that the
opponents of vaccination are either
ignorant or prejudiced. So be lt. We
have in our company: Dr. Chas.
Creighton, of Aberdeen; W. R. Had-
wen, M.D., J.P., L.R.C.P. (London),
member Royal College Surgeons
(London), licentitate of Society of
Apothecaries (London), gold medalist in medicine and surgery, etc.; Prof-
Crookshank; W, J. C. Ward, M.D., F.
R.C.S., London; Dr. Stramm, medical
staff Prussian army; Dr. J. W. Hodge;
Dr. H. V. Knaggs; Dr. .Alex Wilder,
well-ltnown TJ. S. A. physician; Dr.
Keller, head physician Imperial Stato
railways, Austria; Dr. Alfred Russel
Wallace, scientist of world renown;
and thousands more among medical
and professional and scientific bodies,
in addition to the millions of clearheaded thinkers among the masses,
so that we feol that the attempt to
stigmatize as ignorant or prejudiced
leaves us unmoved and In excellent
Wo would suggest that when the
pro-vaccinijjjt has given as much study
to the question, he will be found (if
honest) among the ranks of those he
now terms ignorant. As to prejudice,
tho fact that the opponents of vaccination have, in most cases, changed
opinions after investigation, demonstrates not prejudice but an open
mind and breadth of vision.
We have noted that the facts quoted
against vaccination are quietly ignored, and many assertions as to the
value of vaccination are mado without specific proof being ^given. For
instance, we are told that vaccination.
it' properly done, is harmless, and almost a certain protection against
smallpox. What then is tho explanation of the following facts:
Germany had compulsory vaccination from 1334 in, the army and compulsory vaccination among tho civil-
Ian population from 1S35. Every child
born was vaccinated, re-vaccinated on
entering school, again on entering college, and again on entering the army.
Ten vaccination marks on each orm
was general, and no woman could
marry unless showing a certificate of
vaccination. Will our opponents admit that these people were protected
Now! why not tell the ignorant, and
prejudiced anti-vaccinator how it hap
pened that In 1871-2, 129,345 of these
protected Germans died of smallpox.
Was it because they were not properly vaccinated? England had compulsory vaccination from 1853 (the
date quoted by our opponents reins
iieorroct), and the records, show that
aboiTt 97% oT the population were
protected (?) in 1871, as vaccinalion
had been pushed for years befo.v the
compulsory laws became effective.
Now why did vaccination fail to
protect the 44,818 who died of
smallpox In England and Wales in
the epidemic of 1871.2? Sweden
tells a similar' story. Japan substantiates the conclusions drawn that
vaccination is a colossal blunder.
Presumably those facts will continue to be ignored, or we shall perhaps be told the victims who thought
they were protected wore not properly vaccinated.
The difficulty in dealing with the
pro-vncolnlst Is that, If you contract
smallpox or die of the disease after
being vaccinated you wore not properly done, and the only way we have
of knowing that we have not been
properly vaccinated is when we fall
victims to smallpox. It is, of course,
small comfort to one who lias been
infected with cowpox to realize that
he may not have been properly
done, and not be able to check up
until  he  gets smallpox.
We are informed that sanitation
Is of no help against smallpox, One
wonders at tbe termurity of anyone
mailing such a statement to an enlightened community. Personally,
we are sorry to read such a statement which surely none, save tlie Individual writer, believes: and we
conclude iho writer believes this, as
wo prefer to feel that lie was ex.
pressing his. honest opinion. The
writer of thc pro-vneeinist articles
should, however, inform himself
concerning the fact, that "after England and Wales had lost nearly
50,000" protected victims in 1871-2.
she passed her first Public Health
act, nnd from that time sanitation
has Improved and vaccinations have
decreased, and along with improved
sanitation and decreased vaccination
In England, smallpox has become n
negligible quantity—In spito of a fow
efforts to create a smallpox scare.
Wo were astonished to read again,
at this date, the fable re the Franco-
Prussian war, telling Us that France
had 125.000 coses of smallpox and
25,000 deaths. Thfs pure Invention
has done splendid service ln tbe
cause of vaccination, and has repeatedly been disproved. We affirm
that the writer lias not a vestige of
evidence for his statement, Tin-
facts, so far as obtainable, are as
follows: Dr. Bldtmatin, staff-surgeon of the Imporial German army,
and chief physician to the hospitals
at Verdun and Ht. Quentin during
the Franco-Prussian war, Baid,
"Shortly beforo lbe war with Oermany, the whole French nrmy was
re-vaccinated, This general vaccln.
ation tended rather to extend smallpox than to protect against it." Referring to Oermany he states, "Our
German municipal records show
thousands of cases of attack and
death from smallpox, even in newly-
vaccinated porsmis." (Speech to
(Continued next week)
an official of a political party or anti-
political sect. The stand of the movement on this and on violence is given
in the instructions carried on the credentials of speakers representing the
general organlaztton and which are to
be read at all their meetings: -
You are not to take an active part
in advocating political action nor ln
representing in any capacity any political party, organization or fraternity,
or anti-political sect, while carrying
the credentials issued by the general
executive board of the Industrial
Workers of the World.
You are advised; That the I. W. W.,
in none of Its doctrines in the past or
present, has ever advocated or practices the destruction of life or property; and has, in fact, always strenuously opposed such teachings, methods and tactics. Furthermore, it is
against the principles of the Industrial
Workers of the World to destroy anything in any way, shape or form, that
Is of value to society.
You are advised to be always on the
lookout for persons or members who
may have advocated such methods
and tactics, and who may be doing so
now or in the future, and make a complete report—giving all the Information possible for you to gather to the
general executivo board; because investigation has proven that such persons or members have often been employed as agents provacateur and receive their instructions from detective
agencies,and from anti-labor organizations.
Theso instructions aro signed by the
general secretary-treasurer, the chairman of the goneral executive board,
and the speaker to whom the credentials are issued.
Refuse to Do for Nothing, What thc
Bosses Hire Done
The stand of the movement on violence Is consistent with every bit of
the literature of the movement, and
is based on the fact that as a con-
const nictivo hot a destructive force
In modern society, the working class
cannot believe In violence o_* be or-
£uhized for violence, but to build and
create for the present and the future.
The masters uf .-.dustry recognlzo
this, which is tho icasou that their
stool pigeons in labor organizations
advocate violence and destruction ot
property. For any labor body to advocate violence is lo alienate the support of the workers and to perform
for nothing a service detrimental to
labor for which the bosses are now
willing to pay.
Tlio Case on Whl<.h tin. Deportation
Warrant Was Based
One of the outstanding facts in
connection with the deportation war
rant was that the immigration officials
acted on the basis of court proceedings in the United States, which the
United States government had Itself
The Lusitania had heen sunk by
the submarines of the kaiser, yet the
United States remained out of thi
world war. it was still "too proud to
flght," as tlie phrasemafter in the
whito house then expressed It. It
was neutral—it did not care to which
of the warring nations it furnished
war munitions, so long as that country could pay. Neutrality was held
as being all desirable—absolute neu
trallty based absolutely on profits.
Oermany had destroyed American
lives on the Lusitania, and there was
no war. Then Germany began to interfere with something more import
ant than the life of American citizens
—the profits of American capitalists
through a ban on shipment of war
supplies to Europe. The nation that
was too proud to tight over the de
struction of its citizens was witling to
fight for profits, and wur was declared on April 7th, 1917.
Then began a mobilization of th
workers for the fronts of battle and
of Industry. At the same time the
owners of Industry mobilized for
greater profits. The sky was hore
I the limit.    Before the war spruce was
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year wear.   Price, per garment      $_L«Ot/
per suit    «p<J«\fw
Viking Goldfleeco Underwear has been sold at this store for years
and has always given perfect satisfaction. It is made from the
finest of Australian pure wools, with all wearing parts strongly
reinforced.    An ideal underwear for winter wear, and    fc C   CA
ono wo can fully recommend.   Price, per garment    <ipO«Ov
■per suit    lip 1 1 |UU
Is by far the best Underwear value in the city. It Is made in
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Price, por garment    <PTtMU
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a drug on the market. It was selling for $8 a thousand feet. It jumped to *80, then to $108, aud finally
established a world's record of $144
a thousand. Similar increases were
occurring In other war necessities.
A Furore Over Eight'Pieces ot Spruce
Then In the lumber industry of
four northwestern states, 75,000
workers jn the lumber Industry organized in the I. \V. W., went on
strike, they, more conservative than
their patrioteerlng bosses, did not
ask for an 1,800 per cent, incrense.
They struck merely for the eight
hours generally accepted by the government for their workers, and Im.
povements approximating human
conditions in housing and living.
This was naturally branded by the
bosses, unable as usual to distinguish
botwoen their trusts and the government, ns sedition. The organization,
which had been fighting "kaiserism"
inside and outside of Germany at the
time lhat Roosevelt was dining with
the kaiser at Berlin, was attacked
with all the venom of the servile
press and their masters. "The I. W.
W. Is interfering with spruce production, tho production of tho spruce
thut is needed for aeroplanes at the
front," was the cry that became a
bellow of rage as'the strike manifested Its power. This was during the
war. After the war it was discovered that when the peace wbh signed,
the United States had just two battle
plnnes in Prance of American production. The entire cry raised In
1917 seems to have as a basis that
75,000 lumbor workers had interfered
with the .war through retarding the
manufacture of eight pieces of spruce
(To   be  continued)
Bill says: "Many a printer has mad*
money by losing ah order."—Canada*
Lbt'83 x 120 feet, on 13th Avenue West, Kitsilano.
Price $500
Terms—$50.00 down, $10.00 per month.
Nanaimo and District
Wide interest is being manifested in the splendid Educational Articles now
appearing as regular features in
Official Organ of the
These Articles of Advanced Thought are highly appreciated and extensively
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paper, namely: I
Book Seller and Stationer
sixteenth yeah, no. -io RRTTTSH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouvbb, ac
FRIDAY Ootober 3,  1924
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
" McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd,
1129 HOWE STREET       Phones: Sey. 7421, 4490
Five Hundred Score Tablets, 20c each
Court Whist Cards, 15c per dozen; $1.25 per 100
Lot 66 x 120 feet, corner McDonald and 13th Avenue,
Price $1,000
Terms—$50 down, $10.00 per month.
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Design?, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, bulbs, Florfets' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East        8—STORES—3        665 GranvUle Street
Sey. 988-8J2 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 9513-1391
Leaves Daily at 8.4S a.m.
From Canadian Pacific Station
Stopping at all prinelpal points on routo
Carrion atandard coach, tourist ear, standard
•leopora, dinsr and comportment
observation car,
Up-to-Date Service A
Leaves Daily at 9 p.m.
A Through Train to Montreal
Making all important stops, and carries
A Through Sleeping Car to Chicago
via Minneapolis & St. Paul
In addition to first-class coach, tourist car,
standard sleepers, dfner and compartment
observation cor.
Fcr all information and reservations apply at TICKET OFFICES:
Vaneouvar Depot, Hotel Vancouver or 434 Hastings W.
yhe foundation of the neat success of
Quality <%■% 9fo^^Oyata4ifify
It's a wise Brewmaster that eliminates competition in the brewing business by manufacturing a
superior product of unassailable merit.
minds of the people were trained and
directed accordingly. They knew that
a hungry and discontented people
were not necessarily a courageous,
idealistic and dependable people.
Consequently, the next step, was to
acquaint them with the causes of
of their power? And why the confl- their misery and to point out to them
dence placed in them by the people? a way which would lead to a better
The Significance of
Russian Revolution
.Continued from frage 1)
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liquor
Control Board or by the Government of British Columbia.
Are women and children nationalized
Have the churches been desecrated,
and religion destroyed? And the intelligent slaughtered or d^tyen out by
tho Russian bolsheviks? Yea or no to
those important questions conveys no
answer. The reader must judge for
himself, from the following article.
It would be folly to suggest that inner qualities do not exist; that harmony, peace and plenty is the order
of the day, that there is no chaos and
that socialism and communism are
blossoming into the full flower of perfection. The legacy left to the new
rulers of Russia from the czarist regime, the destruction during war-time
and the organized counter revoolution
financed chiefly by tho allies, and the
added iniquitous blockade imposed
when the counter-revolutionaries failed, added to the fact that 100 per
cent, of the people could neither read
nor write, was a legacy incomparable
to that in the history of any previous
revolution. A legacy that few statesmen would havo the courage to handle. Yet, in spite of illiteracy, industrial disorganization, the aftermath of
war, counter-revolutions, blockades
and restrictions of trade, Russia is
stronger today then ever before. Her
people are freerer, more united and
hopeful and Phcenix-like. She is rising steadily out of her own ashes. Her
people will be in the near future, a
mental and moral force to be reckoned with.
Neither socialism nor communism
exists in Russia. But what does exist
is a powerful belief on the part of the
masses, that socialism shall come into
being and, as a preliminary step towards this state, the communist government have decreed that the land,
the gift of nature to man, and the
tools of production ana transpona-
tion, created by man, shall be the property of all the people, to be used for
the sustenance and development of
life, to make life worth while, and the
citizens worthy of the land, rather
than make millionaires of the few.
Just as our forefathers (and the
bolshevists of today) took the power
of life and death out of the hands of
the king, procured political demoe ■
racy under Magna Charta, so the
Russian government has released the
stranglehold of bankers and landlords
over the means of life and given to its
people a new Magna Charta embodying not only political freedom, but
economic ownership and control over
the natural resources and the key industries—an entirely new principle in
government and statecraft, and necessitating, as differentiating from
oilier governments an Industrial administration rather than a political
This does not mean that the Russian government has abolished the
rights of private property. The peasant has a right to tho land he can till
so long as ho tills it—no more and no
longor. He cannot hold it for speculation nor out of cultivation. Therefore the incentive to idleness and profiteering is minimized. Tho industrial
worker not having, as a first charge
his labor, the maintenance of a
raft of profit seekers, gets the equivalent of his labor plus taxes for
schools, union dues and general maintenance of plant and administration.
He may not, under present conditions,
getting a great dea], but of one
thing he Is assured, he is not toiling
thanklessly to keep others in luxury,
while his own family exist In misery.
The fact has so caught tlie imagination of the working people that today
they stand more solidly behind their
government than, possibly, any other
people, and this is the reason, back of
the continued support, confidence and
enthusiasm in their government.
Tbe Russian government approves
f private property, not for tho few,
but for all. "What the Russian government does not approve of, is tho
private ownership and brigandage of
public property, forests, transportation, land and all therein, by the fow.
This wealth, they declare, belongs to
11, and have decreed that it shall be
the property of q 11, to be used for the
common weal. Tbe basis of representation in the government Is Industrial,
not geographical, us are the governments of other nations. The government is composed of shoemakers, agriculturists, touchers, artists, textile
workers, railway men and the representatives of all who do useful work.
Every man and woman, Including
the army, has the right to voto except
those who still uphold czarism or live
by the labor of others, and just as our
government says to certain people for
one reason or another, "You cannot
vote, you are not a citizen, you have
no job, no stake in tho country," so
the Russians say to a small group of
people who render no useful service
to the community. "We do not consider that living off the toil of others,
profiting out of tho needs of life a
useful occupation, therefore you cannot vote. We reserve thc political
right for those who ronder useful service to the nation,"
The biblical Injunction, "He that
does not work, neither shall he eat,"
has been woven into the constitution
of the nation, and through the public
ownership of the means of life, the
soviet government has mnde it possible for Us people to comply with that
othor command, said lo have been
given by Christ, "Call no man mas-
While certain statesmen and
bishops in Christian nations declare
tlie principles nf Christ impracticable,
find that governments cannot be run
on the, principles of tin- sermon on the
mount, bnrbarous un-Christian Russians seem to bo working (hem out
with extraordinary unanimity.
As a second stop In tbe building of
a BOClollst republic, tho soviet government took control of the schools, press
and colelges. Helng realists, they
knew lhat a workers' republic could
not  ho  brought into  being  until   the
condition of life for themselves, and a
better future for their children. The
government spared no efforts along
the lines of education. They bent
every effort to educate all the people,
but along entirely new principles.
Neither wealth, class, nor war were
glorified; nationalism and imperialism
have no place in their policy; the people were taught the dignity of labor
and to abhor parasitism. The power
that lay within themselves, their Interdependence on the workers of other
lands, the causes and waste of war,
and that the law of competition to enrich themselves individually, was
wrong, while the law of co-operation
and mutual understanding between all
people, and the right of all people to
govern tbejnselves, was the only basis
upon wlitoft a socialist republic could
be stabilized.
This teaching, added to the stupid
attacks upon them b.v outside governments in their efforts to destroy the
soviet republic, has resulted in en-
lightoning and unifying Russia in a
phenomenal way. In the words of
Senator Burton Wheeler of Montana,
who recently visited Russia, "If the
United States is waiting for the soviet
government to fall, it will wait a long
time. So it might as well recognize
RuBsia now. Conditions are not growing worse, but better every day. I
never saw a more hopeful or contented people. The workers run industry
and control the government. It is
funny to hear them called slaves."
Politicians and statesmen in other
lands seem to forget the important
fact, that since 1917 an entirely new
generation has grown np. The children of ten, in 1917, are now seventeen
years old, most of whom are in Young
Communist of Pioneer leagues, and a
hundred years away from the old
czarist sychology,, while the boys who
were fourteen then are now twenty-
one, fully realizing the changes affected, and their significance, having no
desire to bring back the czarist regime. -
The Russian youth of today, symbolises the pursuit of knowledge, science,
art and liberty of conscience. They
are discarding without ceremony,
many of the old bad habits (including
vodka), customs and superstitions
which held their fathers In chains.
They are seeking to develop self, and
to apply that self to the building of
the'new commonwealth.
Hitherto the voice of the people
was not henrd. Like pawns on a chess
board, they were moved hither and
thither at the command of a despotic
few, who looked upon the masses as
so much cannon-fodder in time of war
and their legitimate prey to exploit
and oppress in time of peace. The
Russian people have now achieved
their freedom from the domination of
bankers and landowners, are becoming dally a force to be reckoned with
and symbolize the large masses in
every land, a new Ideal In industrial
democracy, an ideal hitherto a theory,
in the minds of impracticable social
Ists and dreamers.
The Russians aro not interested in
outside capitalist nations, only in so
far as they are channels of trade, and
their interest and sympathy for the
struggling masses in these nations.
They have no desire for territorial expansion, or to Impose indemnity on
the workers of other lands. They de
sire above all else to exchange their
products, and to live in peace with all
peoples. This ideal has ceased to bo
an article of faith; it has become a
matter of accepted principle, a basis
of foreign policy. The two most recent evidences of this are the treaties
contracted between Persia, China and
In each case. Russia has relinquished her claims to territory, cancelled
all debts, and hns agreed to the recognition of complete international equality with no reservation as to the privileges and powors claimed in old days
by the czarist government, and In tho
ense of China, only requosts that Russia's share of the "boxer" indemnity
be npplied to indemnity. She desires
no peaceful penetration, no mandates
over backward peoples, and no
spheres of influence. It is to be hoped
that the example of Russia will be followed without delay by other democratic freedom-loving Christian powers now at each others' throats, in tho
name of peace, of home, and of domocracy.
Europo is nn armed camp; there
are millions moro men under arms
than ln 1914. Hate, suspicion, fear
and greed are destroying the very soul
of Europe; each nation tries to outdo
the others in cunning, diplomatic intrigues and hypocrisy. Men of science
everywhere   are   struggling  to   wring
from nature her secrets, not to save
life, but to destroy it. Our rulers
have formed holy alliances, Versailles
treaties, leagues of nations and trade
treaties. Disaster has followed dis-
aster, until today, hope has nigh fled
from the world, and humanity gropes
In darkness and sighs in vain for
peace. Is it not time that the principles of no indemnities, no annexations
and the right of ail people to have
their own form of government were
principles and not more shibboleths,
with which to fool the people, Is it
not time that the right to oil wells,
coal fields and trade routes became
matters of arbitration instead" "Of
armed strife? And that co-operation
and mutual respect for the rights of
other nations replaced competition
and aggression by force? until thest
are the guiding principles of statesmen, thero can be no hope for peace.
Russia has led the way. Why not follow? We are told that the devil himself is but a fallen angel.
I found everywhere a deep appreciation for every act of kindness rendered to Russia during the terrible
period of famine and chaos, nrter tno
revolution. The only thing the Rus-
sluns are bitter against is the "counter
revolutionary movement that murdered their people, destroyed railroads
and Industrial .plants, wrecked whnt
was left of their homes, and used up
their surplus grain, thereby causing
the famine when the dry year came,
besides imposing the infamous blockade which destroyed millions of their
people. No one approved the excesses and sufferings of the revolution,
but they recognized that cruelties nna
excesses are historic facts accompanying all great social upheavals. The
object of the prophet, and the true
patriot Bhould be to recognize the
eternal lawi of change nnd, instead of
opposing, to so organize and educate
the people that theBe inevitable
changes may be brought about with
the minimum amount of suffering and
chaos. As the world stands today,
there are but three alternatives facing Russia, the soviet government,
czarism, or domination by the international bankers' trust.
The present government has done
more for Russia in seven years than
the Romanoffs did in 600. The policy
of the bankers' trust is painfully visible in Europe, where a coolie standard
of life for the masses is becoming
the general rule. The Russians are
aware of these facts, more than any
nation I know of, and are therefore
ready, both men and women, to stand
by their government against all aggressors, Christian or otherwise.
Russia is a powerful trade factor In
the world of commerce today, greater
by far than before the revolution, for
reason that millions of people arc
ready to purchase farm, household
and personal needs they could never
have hoped to obtain under the czar-
WB tako plpnsuro In announclnjc to
tlm muHir-lovinp citizens of Van*
(.oiivpr and R 0. that wo hnve received a sin-Hal eonnlRnment of raro,
import ft! European phonograph rec*
ohIh. Tlie muBlcfl liennty and rnrn
nrthtrv reproduced In thesn Odenn
Records, will he quioltly rocogiMod
nnd appro elated,
12-incl". Dnuhle-Sideft ODEOK
Tho following Album Seta of Odoon
Records are on sale at 10.60 complete:
Sclailort's Symphony In B minor.
Blsot's Carmen.
Vnn   Wolior'a   Der   FrolBChllt*    and
Obernu  nverlnres.
Wngnor'a   Trlntnn   and   Isolde,   and
Rlrii/.i Overlnri'S.
T_rt the world's best orchestras piny
for yon.
Lewis Leads!   Follow Who Can!
Your Income
Depends on Your Eyes
Don't forget that the dollars
you earn are In a great measure dependent on your eyesight. Be sure Tour Eyes Are
Right. It is the Only Safe
and Sensible Way. This Is our
business and our only business.
Upstairs, over Woolworth'a Store
ist government. My advice to business men in particular is, if they desire a restoration of trade, better
prospects for the future peace of the
world, is to disregard the propagandists sent out by the great trusts and
the czarlsts, to whose interest it is to
keep the people in ignorance, and not
let the facts be known; And again,
let me finish by quoting that great international flgure, who symbolizes the
best in literature and life, Gorky,
"However foreign all nationalism, patriotism and other diseases of the mind
and spirit may be to me, my vision of
the Russian people as exceptionally,
fantastically, gifted and uncommon,
does not fail me. Even the fools ln
Russia are peculiarly foolish, foolish
in a way of their own just as the sluggards have a vision, a genius of their
own. I think that when this marvellous people has passed through its
share of torments and freed itself of
all that tortures and confuses the
mind, and when lt begins to work in
full consciousness of that cultural, indeed that religious Importance of labor which joins all the world Into one,
then it will begin a fairy-like, heroic
life, and In many a way, will enlighten
a world exhausted by strife, maddened by war und crime, weakened by
famine and disease, and oppressed by
economic strife and domination, lying
morally debased or dormant through
political corruption and the misinterpretation of the masters' ideals," to
all of which I say, amen.
Next week's article: "The Status of
the Women and Children in Russia."
Ex-Soldier (returning to France
for a visit)—"See that big wave?"
Fellow Pasenger—"Yes."
"And  the hollow on  the left?"
"Well, right in the center of that
is where we flrst saw the U.boat."
Our stoek has all the best
lines we can get — Rose
City, Bone Dry and Black
SHOES—C. B. Dayfoot's
Work Shoes arc the best
that can be*made.
6-in. chrome $6.50
6-in.   Chrome,   double  sole,
at  $7.50
10-in  Chrome,  double  sole,
at $11.50
Knee  $4.50
Sporting  $6.75
Hip   $7.50
Low  nubbers,  No.  1 $1.25
18-20 Cordova St. West
A man with a small salary and a
large family said: "It prido goes beforo a fall, I 'would like to seo pride
start on a little ahead qf the price
of provisions."
Tho patch on the boy's trousers is
something new under the aon.
Dr. Gallant, Chiropractor, 712 Robson
Ask for CATTO'S.    For salo at all Government Liquor Stares
this advertisement la not published or displayed _y tho Liquor Control Botrd or
by tho Oovernment of Britlah Columbia
Quarter-Acre Lot on Dow Road, between Victory
and Trafalgar, Burnaby.
Price $400
Terms—$50.00 down, $10.00 per month.
This lot, which has been cleared for building, has a
magnificent view overlooking the North Arm.
Official Organ of the
Published in tho Interests of All Workers
THE party is desirous of making: what contribution it can to the betterment of society. It realizes that the most effective method to accomplish this end is by educating the masses through the medium of its press,
and likewise the best literature procurable regarding the Labor movement. There is no other means available to the workers to voice their
opinions, Work with us to make The Federationist a mighty power for
good in Vancouver and throughout British Columbia. Principles, not
personalities, are alone desirable.
Contributions for The Federationist are always welcome. Be brief
and write on one side of the copy paper, Hatter for publication should
reach this office by Tuesday. Advertisements received up to Wednesday
You must have The Federationist in the home each week to keep in touch
with the City, Provincial and Federal and International Labor Movement.
Subscription Rate: United States and foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada,
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Estimates will be furnished on all kinds of work,
gladly offer his services to those desiring them.
Our solicitor will


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