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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 5, 1920

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$2.50 FER YEAR
Lumber Workers Resent
Introduction of Nine-
Hour Day
Copper Mountain Outfit
Discriminates Against
O.B.U. Members
the metal mlnen of North.ru
Ontario, who were originally afaa.
ei up Into the O. B. U. by lumber
workeri organizers, and who afterward! took over tho control of the
district offices which wero opened
there, havo again decided to link
up with the lumber workerB,
A wire reoelved from the Kamloops office, la to the effect that all
construction oamps of the Northern Construction Co. on the North
Thompson river, are on strike, owing to an attempt to Increase the
day from 8 to 0 hours.
prince Qeorge reports tha United
Grain Growers at Hutton ai'e flooding the oountry with men from th*
prairies, although they have been
claiming lt was their Intention to
cease work for the season. But ai
they hare cut wagea, and are discriminating against union men, lt
Is evident that lt ts part of a
scheme to dump men Into the
country for the purpose of forcing
down condltlona
Men are being sent to Kaslo to
do piece work, the timber Is very
poor; they are charged for tools,
and after working a short while
finding themselves ln debt, they
quit, and then, being stranded, are
more likely to fall prey to the scab-
hiring mining and other employers
of the district.
The Noble Five mine Is advertising for tlmbermen,- miners, etc.
The advertisement states "no O. B.
U. need apply." This Is a waste of
space, as no O. B. U. man or any
one elso with union principles,
would think of applying to this or
any other outfit while they are on
the unfair 1st. I
The amusing thing about the
advertisement Is that lt states:
"Modern hotel bunk house, bath,
eto." but "bring your blankets,"
therefore why "no O. B. U. need
apply," for that typo ot man has
quit carrying his bed on hla back,
especially when going to a modern
hotel bunk house.
All men are warned .to watoh
out for the districts where labor
troubles exist.
Fort Frances district convention
will be held on Dec, 1.
Copper Mountain outfit, near
Princeton, la actively discriminating against O. B. H. men, firing, or
refusing to hire, those who are
suspected of being membera. At
the same time they put on International men without hesitation,
and Organiser Heatherlngton, of
the latter body, Is permitted to do
his organisation amongst the men
without hindrance, The worst slam
that any organisation can receive
ls to be favorably regarded by the
boss. The O. B, U. recognises no
interest in common between the
workers and the capitalist. Consequently, war between them ls Inevitable, and those workers who
are desirous of organizing to advance their interests aa members
of the working class, will Join the
O. B. IT. and flght shy of any union
to which the boss ls ln any way
Where Is the Union Button?
Inventor of Boss Rifle Gets Threo
Million Dollars limit Money
Prom the Government
Calgary, Alta.—' When Sir Charles Ross brought action against the
Canadian government for 118,000,-
000 the government did not dare
allow the caro to go to court, beeause they feared the truth about
the Ross rifle, the crime of crimes
against the Canadian soldier, might
come out."
So declared Canon Scott of Quebec, senior chaplain of the Frist
Canadian Division ln the world war,
at a public meeting here,
"That's why.the Canadian government gave Ross $3,000,000 hush
money. I demand an Investigation
Into the Ross rifles. Let them put
me ln the box and do anything they
like with me, but don't let them
think they can do anything to hush
this matter up."
Canon Scott, one of Canada's
most gifted poets addressed the
Winnipeg strikers during that
rear's big tie-up and as a result
was ordered out of that city by the
Dominion government authorities.
He Is very popular among Canada'^
1914-1915 wa- veterans who always
refer to him as "The Padre."
Campaign Committee Is
Elected to Carry on
the Fight
(By Special Correspondent)
At the business meeting of Local
No. 1, Socialist Party of Canada,
on Tuesday night, lt was decided
to place six candldatea In the field,
to contest the forthcoming Provlnolal election!.
The candldatea are: J. Harrington, J. Smith, C. Stephenson,- 8.
Earp, W. McQuoid, J. Dennis, and
they will all be on the platform at
the Empress theatre next Sunday
night, jrhen tha campaign will begin.
A large ahd entuliBiastlc committee Is ln charge of the campaign activities, and a big effort
will be made to further advance
the principles of scientific Social-
Ism throughout the city and district.
Although on this occasion, It will
not be necessary to put up a deposit of $100 for each candidate, as
formerly, still the expense of running six men will be heavy, and an
earnest appeal is made to the workers of Vancouver to support the
Socialist Party of Canada ln the
contest, which will open next Sunday night at the Empress, with J.
Kavanagh, who Is campaign manager, aa chairman. Further details of the campaign, aa to outside
meetings, etc., will appear In the
dally press, and The B, C. Federatlonist every week.
Milwaukee. — Unemployment as
a result of the Industrial depression has spread to the flour mills,
and some local mills are running
only 25 per cent, of normal, It was
learned here.
Two Capitalist Dallies Forad to
Amalgamate Through Iatck
of Support
Winnipeg, Man Labor's lack of
confidence te Winnipeg's dally
newspapers since the big 1919 general strike and subsequent trials of
strike spokesmen has had much to
do with the .amalgamation of the
Telegram and Tribune. Like the
Free Press, the Tribune's remaining competitor, they upheld the so-
called Citizen's Committee ln ita onslaught on labor.
Tha Telegram, published aa a
dally paper for 27 years, waa controlled by large grain operating Interests following tho eclipse of the
Hon, Robert Rogers, long the boss
of the Borden government machine.
Tho Tribune goes to the Southam
Interests, which control five other
Important newspaper properties.
Winnipeg's labor press ia gaining
To Exploit Four Hundred
Thousand Square Miles
of Land
(By   Helen   Augur,   Staff   Corre
spondent    for    the    Federated
NBW TORK.—Soviet Russia has
been recognized by the United
States. More potent than a dozen
treaties Is the now confirmed arrangement by which a group of
Pacific coast capitalists have acquired for exploitation 400,000
square miles In northwestern Siberia.
Significant details of the deal,
which was engineered by Washington D. Vanderlip of California,
are contained in the following
cablegram from George Chicherln,
Commissar for Foreign Affairs, to
Ludwig Martens, representative of
the soviet government in Europe.
"On October-22 there was announced the consummation of the
deal proposed by the Vanderlip
jsynctyrjate, comprising Vianderltp,
Barnt, Horry Chandler, Sartorl Le
Philips, Flsh burn, Edward L. Do-
heny, Gibbon, Jayne, Whlttter,
Stewart and Braum, all Pacific
"The syndicate acquires a sixty-
year lease of territory east of the
one hundred and sixtieth meridian,
Including Kamchatka, an area of
400,000 square miles, with exclusive rights to exploit coal, oil and
fisheries. Vast otl stratus and bltl-
umlnous coal deposits have been
discovered ln this territory.
"The syndicate expects to take
possession and commence operations In the spring of 1921. The
same syndicate Is also acquiring
a lease, with the right to purchase,
of the Seattle waterfront property
purchased by the Czar's government. Negotiations are proceeding successfully whereby the syndicate will become our1 fiscal agents
In America, financing purchases
up to $500,000,000; all purchases
to be made through your office.
(Signed) CHICHER1N."
Hailing the consumatlon of this
arrangement as a great achievement In the Soviet government's
long attempt to make friends with
American businoss men, Soviet officials here predicted a series of
similar' arrangements whereby
American capital could be combined with Russia's great resources.
They are distinct on the point
that while fair profits will be guaranteed the American Investor, he
must respect the laws of Soviet
Russia, particularly those safeguarding labor*, and conforming to
the democratic control of Industry.
Hand the Fed. to your shopmate
when vou are through with It
Russell and His
Aim to ServoTheir Full Sentences.  T\v. means that
The Local Committee Has Also Incurred Some Expense'
in Looking After the Local Russians Under Order of Deportation.
Send Your Contributions to A. S. Wells, 342 Fender W.
Army of Counter-Revolution Making; Desperate
Army Being Driven Into
Small Piece of
General Wr'angel's army ls fleeing before the victorious advance
of the1 Red army. Wrangel Is
making a desperate attempt to
keep his army Intact until It can
safely cross the Slvash sea Into the
Red airplanes are bombing the
narrow railway trestle running
from Ferekop into Crimea.
. Taurida Is overrun with red armies. The second, sixth and thirteenth armies are in the line, in
addition to four divisions of cavalry
and other corps of the best of the
Red troops.
Armies Push Southward
Four-Soviet armies, with squadrons of cavalry are pushing southward from Melitopol, on the railway to Alexandrovak, some fifty
miles north of the Crimean peninsula, In an attempt to cut off the.
forces of General Wrangel, In re-
treat before the Soviet offensive.
Further advances by the BolBhe*
vik forces in their offensive against
General Wrangel's troops In South
Russia are reported In Wednesday's
official statement from the Soviet
war office In Moscow.    It says:
"In the Crimean sector we are
continuing to drive the enemy back,
who Is retiring to the peninsula,
fighting flrer'cely."
' < 1
Political  and  Industrial
Movement Shows Big
Recent figures of the Spanish Labor movement are given In an Interview to "l'Humanlte" by Senor
Fernando de loa Rlos. He report*
the virtual disappearance of the
old Republican (Liberal) party,
with the result that the Socialists
are now the one organized and
powerful left wing party. Their
numbers have risen from 14,000
three years ago to 62,000 today. The
General Labor Union (Unlone Gen
erale de Trabajadores), which is a
confederation covering the greater
part of the Industrial movement in
Spain except for the Barcelona region, has Increased by 80,000 members within the last two years, and
now numbers 220,000. This ls excluding the General Confederation
of Barcelona, which is an extreme
revolutionary organization with anarchist tendencies. The progress of
the Socialist movement may be seen
in the development of the Socialist
vote at the municipal elections last
March, where 1,000 Socialists became municipal councillors;—Town
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
Co-op. Whist Drlvo and Dance
A whist drive and dance will be
held In the Cotillion Hall next Friday evening (Nov. 12) under the
auspices of the Womon's Co-operative Guild. Good prizes will be
given to the winners of the whist
drive. Refreshmens will be served. Whist drive starts at 8 and
dance at 9 p.m.
The wage worker is already on
the trail of the red herring.
Government Declines to
Take Action on Behalf of Owners
(By Roberto Rabermaf)
Mexican   Staff   Correspondent   for
the Federated Press
Mexico—Confiscation of property as a means of getting Justice
Is becoming an established custom
In Mexico. Thc 2000 striking
campeslnos of the Hacienda ed la
Huertas ln the state of Mlchoacan
confiscated the entire property, one
of the most productive ranches In
Mexico, when they saw strikebreakers brought t0 the hacienda.
The president sent special delegates to report on the situation,
and they found that" the lands had
belonged to the workers, all Indians, under the old Spanish
grants. The government has taken
no other action In the matter', and
It Is problematical whether It will.
The peons are heavily armed
with modern rifles and ammunition which they kept after their
demobilization from the army of
the last revolution.
Sny That There Is a Split in Ranks
of Independent Labor
Hamilton, Ont.—That there Is no
split In the Independent Labor
Party was niaile clear at a largely
attended meeting at the central
branch. The members ridiculed a
statement to the effect that It waB
desired not to nominate Controller
O'Heir and Hydro Commissioner
Nelson at the next municipal election convention. A resolution was
unanimously adopted deprecating
the slights made by some newspapers on Labor representatives, and
objecting to auch misleading state-
Socalist Party Nominees
WiU Speak on
The meeting of the Socialist
Party of Canada at the Empress
Theatre on Sunday last waa addressed by J. Kavanagh, who spoke
to a large audience on the various news items that were to the
fore during the week. A sketch
of the history of the development
of the franchise, the value or otherwise of its extensions, and the relation of the workers to the state
in their flght for control of the
means of life were the outstanding features of the address. The
variety of questions that were the
outcome was sufflclent evidence
that the audience wer'e taking a
lively Interest In the various questions presented.
On Sunday next the provincial
candidates In the'forthcoming election will address the meeting at
the Empress Theatre.
But Lo and Behold, Mexico's Minister, of War
(By Roberto Haberman, Mexican
Staff Correspondent of the Federated Press.)
Mexico City—Unless the strike of
the coal miners of Coahulla is settled soon, all metal industries In
Mexico will have to close down. The
strike was declared after the owners had refused to receive a committee of the workers. The workers sent the following ultimatum,
"Either a social wage or socialized
mines," remarkable not only for its
content but for Its brevity tn this
land of rhetoric and flowery
phrases. As the company still refused to meet them, the workers
took over the mines and coke ovens
of Aguajita and started to operate
them for themselves. The bosses,
being Americans, immediately asked for troops. General Plutarco
Calles, minister-of war, replied that
Interfering with striking workers
was not a function of the army.
President de la Huerta advised
everyone to bo calm, nnd promised
that he would see that they got
Justice. Tho strikers have agreed
to keep the pumps and ventilators
going. The demands of the workers are recognition of the union and
an Increase of two hundred and
fifty per cent of the present wage
of fifty centavos to one pesto daily.
Sentenced to Three Years
—Refused to Eat—Was
,    Put in Asylum
By Paul Hanna
; (Correspondent Federated Press)
\ Washington.—Benjamin F. Salmon, conscientious objector to war
and hunger striker in the federal
Insane asylum here, must serve his
three-year prison sentence Imposed
by a military court, according to a
decision rendered by Judge Bailey
of the District of Columbia Supreme Court.
President Wilson and Seoretary
of War Baker both sanctioned the
seizure of Salmon and his confinement ln the asylum for a mental
test. St. Elizabeth hospital physicians have ruled that Salmon Is of
sound mind despite his refusal to
eat. Beth Shepard, Salmon's attorney, announced that the case
would be appealed Immediately to
•the Appellate Court with good prospect that another decision on the
right of military authorities to seize
civilians would be rendered by February next.
Meanwhile Salmon will be removed by the War Department
from the Insane asylum to a military barracks.
Patronize Fed Advertisers.
Republicans Sweep Into
.'■■ Power—Farmer-Labor
No authentic news has as yet been
received by the Federatlonist regarding the Socialist vote of the
United States. This will come
through our news service ln time
Cot; next week s issue. So far as
can be ascertained the Socialist vote
for pressident increased from 500,-
OC. in 1916 to close on three million this year. One of the big surprises in the Farmer-Labor vote.
In the State of Washington It has
swamped the Democratic vote.
The five outside Socialists of New
Tork State have apparently been
re-elected along with five more.
Congressional and state senator
candidates are also reported as being elected. The non-partisan
league (farmer-labor) of North
Dakota has again swept the state.
The Republican party has won the
presidential election as well as
getting a majority In both houses
of congress.
Capltaliat Newspaper Drawl Atten.
tlon to the Deal Mission
ol Gnat Britain
Sometimes the capitalist dailies
tell the truth.   Here ls once:
"Innocent Imperialists who write
us long letters ahout Oreat Britain's civilizing mission, or about
the supreme importance of protecting India at commanding vantage
points 2000 miles away from the
Hindu Kush, would be Intensely
surprised lf they could peer behind
the scenes. They would nnd the
government engaged In long and
continuous discussions with the representatives of oil interests, The
pleasant dream of the oil organisations ls that they may get control of Mesopotamlan oil on highly
advantageous terms, while the
British taxpayer, duly tnooulated
With Imperial enthusiasm, pays
the oost of a big permanent garrison to protect the oil wells."—
London Times, lept. II, 1920.
(By the Federated Press)
New York—(N. Y. Bureau)—
The educational department of the
Amalgamated Clothing Workers
has decided to give 60 scholarships
for the part-time training course
ln the Rand School of Social
Labor to Concentrate Its
Forces on Municipal Elections
Winnipeg.—Labor at a meeting
of delegates of all factions recently; decided to concentrate Its full
strength in the coming civic elections in a determined effort to elect
enough aldermen to dominate the
1921 city council. This ls a reply
to thc military's destruction of last
year's strike, All factional strife
will be forgotten for the time being and all shades of labor opinion
will unite under the leadership of
the Dominion labor party ln the
battle royal for control.
■'With the possible entranco of F.
J. Dixon, M.L.A., ln the mayoralty
contest, the rumors of Mayor Gray's
running a third time have been revived.
House Warming
The members of tho O. B. U. and
friends, will hold an house warming In thc new hall to celebrate the
renovation of tho hall, on Friday next, November 12th. The
men are expected to take fruit
along, and the women folks, cakes,
Thrrt will be an orchestra In attendance, and the evening will bo
given over to dancing, songs and
recitations. No charge will
nude for admission, but only members of the O. B. U. and thelir
friends will be admitted.
All Shades of Opinion Will
Be Aired During the
Hot Campaigns Expected
in Ridings of Vancouver and Victoria
The ranks of the political aspirants ln the British Columbia
elections are increasing day by day.
The Conservative party has almost
completed Its ticket and the Liberal likewise. Independents are
announcing their candidature tn
many rtdilngs and various locals of
the United - Farmer' Association
throughout the province are also
turning their attention to the political arena.
The Federated Labor party has
several candidates in the field and
there are conventions yet to be
held to elect more. At a meeting
In Vancouver on Monday night
three candidates were selected to
contest the Vancouver riding. The
other three vacancies were left for
the S. P. of C, The Victoria local
of the F. L, P. nominated four candidates to contest the riding,
namely, J. D. McDonald, W. C.
Pierce, Mrs. A. E, Clayton and W.
A. Myers. Sam Guthrie will be the
standard bearer1 in Newcastle, Tom
Barnard has been aaked to run ln
Nanalmo, George Casey will run
ln Atlln, J .H. Burrough in Prince
Rupert, Dr. W. J. Curry has
agreed to rtin in Downey. Many
other ridings In which candidates
are to be placed ln the field are
yet to be heard from; these Include New Westminster, North
Vancouver, Richmond, Rossland,
Fort George, Slocan, Kamloops,
South Vancouver' and the Okanagan.
The Socialist party of Canada
will have six candidates in the field
In Vancouver, namely, J. H. Harrington, J. Smith, a Stephenson,
S. Earp, W. McQuoid and J. Dennis. No other ridings are likely to
be contetsed.
The Grand Army of United Veterans, the recently organnized political soldier organization, has
(Continued on page 8)
Disappointed at Failure of
of Them to Support
Eugene V. Debs
(By the Federated Press.)
Copenhagen. — Lenin ls disappointed at the failure of American
Communists to support Eugene V.
Debs, Socialist candidate for president, ln the November elections.
He expressed this feeling In the
course of a two-hour Interview
with Benjamin Schlesinger, president of the International Ladles'
Garment Workers' Union of America, who has Just reached here
from a visit to Moscow and Berlin.
Schlesinger gave the gist of hla
long talk with Lenin to N. Shlfrln,
correspondent for the New Tork
Forward In Copenhagen.
In the course of his conversation
with the Forward correspondent
Schlesinger gave some details ot
the latest adventure of Polish Imperialism—the seizure of Vllna. He
said that as a result of this selsure
about 80,000 Jews fled In panic to
Kovno. He visited Kovno and was
informed that the Poles had killed
many women ln Vllna.
From Kovno he visited smaller
Lithuanian towns and found no
signs of antl-Sematism among the
Lithuanians. Jews ln that country
look upon the land as a new Holy
Land. The economic situation Is
fairly-good, but there Is always the
fear that the Poles may over-run
tbe nation.
R. T. Nugent, director of the
Federation of British Industries
and Manufactures, aays that the
shadow of unemployment is hanging over England, according to the
kept press.
(By the Federated Press.)
New York.—Increase of the pay
of street cleaners to $8 a day, the
prevailing wago for laborers In
other lines of work, has been asked
of Mayor ilylan. The men now
receivo $6.50.
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY—Sunday Evening Meeting.
WEDNESDAY—General Workers and G ..workers.
FBIDAY—0. B. U. House Warming;
His Father Was Put to
Death in Days of
Paris Commune
If mere names meant anything,
Franco would now hove to bo considered a Socialist republic The
leader of Its cabinet, Alexandre
Mliler'and, started life as a Socllal
1st, and for many years was what
would bo known hero as an extreme Socialist.
His father, an active disciple of
Karl Mart, was put to death when
French generals, with the help of
the Prussian army, put down tho
working class revolt ln Paris ln
1871. The present leader of the
cabinet studied law and won public attention ln the defense of
famous strike case In 1883. For a
time he edited Clemenceau's paper,
La Justice, when Clemenceau also
was a strong radical. In 18S5 he
was elected to the French chamber
of deputies as a radical Socialist.
In 1899 he entered the French
cabinet and found himself seated
beside General Galltfet, minister of
war, who had ordered his father to
be shot 28 years previous.—Exchange.
Government Given It Contract to
Load and Unload All Government Unwed Vessel*
(By the Federated Press.)
Mexico City,—The Marine Workers Union has petitioned the government that tt be granted all contracts for the loading and unloading of  tho  thirty  odd  new   boats
that the government owns and operates.  General Salvador Alvarado,
secretary of   tho   treasury,   under
whose Jurisdiction comes the management of the boats, granted the
request.  The union wilt have control of the   Atlantic   and   Pacific
Workers Unanimous on
Choice of New
The nomination of Sam Guthrie
to contest the Newcastle riding in
the interests of the working class,
demonstrates that J. H. Hawthornthwalte has lost the confidence of the workers. The nomination convention was held at
Ladysmith last Sunday, and the
choice was unanimous, 64 being
present. The meeting was called
ro ordor by J. W. Allsopp, who wus
elected chairman, and J. McDonald was elected secretary.
Tho chairman ln opening the
meeting, stated that lt appeared to
■him that the Industrial worker,
and the farmer were all striving
for the same thing, and that he
could see no reason why they could
not get together. In referring to
the present member', J .11. Hawthornthwalte, ho stated that he
was a silent member, and there
was a lot of dissatisfaction among
those that had supported him In
the past. A general discussion
then took place, and J. MoKinney
placed In nomination the nam© of
Sum Guthrie. This was seconded
by J, Adzehead.
J. Lee, of South Wellington,
stated that the workers of South
Wellington were behind Sam
Guthrie unanimously. J. McKlnley
stated that the workers at North-
field had taken the same stand.
One delegate asked does Mr. Guthrie belong to any Labor organization? Guthrie answered: "Yes, I
belong to the O. B. U. His answer
was received with applause.
Mr. Perry, a director of the
United Farmers, then addressed
tho convention, and urged the farmers and tho Industrial workers
to get together.
Mr. Lister, another farmer, then
spoke, and tllustrutcd some of the
disadvantages the farmers were
laboring under, and stated that
steers were sold at five to seven
cents pet* pound on the hoof, and
also referred to the manipulation
on the grain murket.
Sam Guthrie was then called on
for a speech, and suid he was a
Socialist, and that If elected, he
would work for the fanners and
the workera. He guve a brier review of the history of the working
class from chattel slavery, to Feudalism, and from Feudalism to
thc present system of wage slavery. He stated that he could only
view with surprise those people
that became alarmed when Social-
Ism was mentioned, but attributed
this state of mind to the fact that
they woro blinded by the capitalistic press. There being only one
namo In nomination, the chairman
callod for the vote, nnd every one
present voted In fnvor of Sam
Local Defense Committee
Still Seeking to Secure
Iheir Release
Minister of Immigration
Given Details in Deportation Proceedings
At the latter end of July, the looal Defense committeo was able to
have the deportation of the fourteen local Russians who had been
ordered deported by the Immigration authorities stopped for tho
time, being, owing to the fact that
they were being sent tp Russia via
Vladivostok. The matter, however,
did not end there, the committeo
taking the stand that the men wero
innocent, and had been the victims
of a frame-up by stool pigeons.
Every effort has 'been made by the
committee to have the men released
and sent Mr. Rubinowitz, the legal
representative of the committee, to
Ottawa to take the matter up with
the Minister of Immigration prior
to his leaving for England. Nothing definite has, however, como
out of the representations made.
Lost week the committee endeavored to arrange for an interview with
the premier and the minister of Immigration on their arrival In the
city, the premier, however, could
not spore the time, but the minister
of immigration met the committee
on Monday morning. Mr. Rubin*
owlts also being present. The committee went Into the matter very
thoroughly, and pointed to tho
manner ln which the men were arrested, and.the type of men that
gave evidence against them; one of
the crown witnesses being the late
Sergeant Wilson of the R. C. M. P.,
who was later hung at Prince Albert for wife murder. Reference
was also made to the fact that another of the crown witnesses, Dourasoff, another mounty, had been
taken upon the force at the recommendation of Wilson. The secretary of the committee atated to Mr.
Calder that he had received a letter from the men who are now at
the Penitentiary at New Westminster, which intimated that some
steps would shortly be made to ship
the men out of the country. In
view of the stand taken by the
committee, Mr. Calder Intimated
that he would ascertain at once If
any move In this direction had been
started by the department at Ottawa. While the minister of Immigration did not give any definite
assurance that the men would not
be deported, he did state, that If
an Injustice had bcen done that it
Bhould be righted,.and he promised
to Investigate into the whole of the
circumstances surrounding the
case. Strong representations were
made by Mr. Rubinowitz on the
amendments to the Immigration act
which were passed at the 1919 session of the Dominion parliament,
and he pointed out that under the
act as it now stood there was grave
danger of abuses by department officials. Mr. Calder gave the committee to understand that the
amendments providing for deportation of British-born subjects, not
born ln Canada, would be repealed,
and that the British laws on Immigration would be Investigated.
Put a one-cent stamp  on  this
paper and mall It to a friend.
Canadian Politicians and Plunder-
tmud Think That Workers Aro
Not I'll to Rule
In his speech nt Sterling, Premier
Meighen said that Bolshevism tn
Russia does not represent the views
of one-tenth of the population.
That is exactly the kind of government that Mr. Meighen end hts
friends want to perpetuate in Canndn—the rule of the tenth over the
nine-tenths. That Is at tho bottom
of all his talk about wrecker's, class
consciousness, pnsslon for change
nnd experiment, freak governments
nnd experimental policies. The Halifax Herald expressed Iself more
bluntly when It said that Canada
was not fit to vote yet, and that
tho government must "mark time"
until sanity Is restored. But, however, expressed, that Idea Ib always
In the minds of the autocracy. They
think thnt they ure divinely appointed to rule, and that the people
are not flt to govern themselves.—
The Farmers' Sun (Toronto.)
Thirty-four thousand women of
England must go to work because
of tho discontinuance of the government's dolo of 15 shillings a
week to tho unemployed.
Afternoon Meeting nl 3 o'clock
Speaker, MRS. COURSE:
"Should Women Be Disfranchised"
Evening Mooting Ht R o'clock
Speaker, TOM RICHARDSON: On the Issues of the Day
F. L. F. HALL, 148 CORDOVA STREET WEST >   eV».**M*—i    J.   TT \J
twbmth tear. No. 4i!    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    ^ancobver. b. a
FRIDAT .......November I, *»j(
Men's Overcoats
at $38.70
An unlimited selection of worthy Overcoats at
this popular price—values and varieties that
will open your eyes and make you want to become the owner of one. Regular Values $50.00
and $55.00.
The Stores of Plenty and Free Delivery
Finest Pork Shoulderi weighing from
5 to 6 lba.   KucuUr S6o lb., speeial
per lb. SSVt*
Excellent for roasting.
Sitter's Siloed Streaky Bucon, Ib...50c
Slater'a Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb...660
Slater's Sliced Ayrshire Bucks, lb,..16o
Slater'a Sliced Ayrshire Backs, lb,.:50c
Slater's Sliced Boneless Roll, lb...60c
Finest Lamb Stew, lb.
Finest Lamb Shoulder, lb 26V,
Finest Lamb Loins, lb. .._ 320
Finest Lamb Legs, Ib  38c
Slater's    Famous     Sugar    Cured
Streaky Bacon, rogular 55c lb.,
Friday    and    Saturday, speolal,
ptr lb  48yie
Half or whole slab
Finest  Pot Roasts,  from,  Ib lie
Finest Oven Roasts from, lb. ......29»
Boneless Rolled Roasts from, lb...27o
Boneless Stew Bonf, lb. 22o
Boiling Beef from, lb.  . ...lie
Pork   Routs,   practically   no    bona,
only, Ib. _„. „  8I0
Finest Roast Beof Dripping, lb 250
Pickled Pork Shoulders, lb J*2Y2e
Finest Leaf Lard, 8 lbs. for ....11.00
We will aell on Friday and Saturday
600 of our famous Sugar Cured Pionio
Hams, weighing 5 to 8 lba.   Reg. SSo.
Special, lb,  Sl»/a«
Ba sure yon  get one.   They're  flne.
Finest Nabob Tea, regular 65e lb.
Saturday from 8   a.m.   to   12
nooa.    Special, lb,   .62c
Finest Highland Spuds,   all   nice
and dry for tbe winter, special, per
1001b. sack 12.36
Freo Delivery	
Limit, 0 pounds
Pastry Flour, 10-lb. sack ISe
Slater's Red Label Tea, lb. ............
Slater'a Green Label Tea, 11). ..._...B0i
Our butter la tha very beat and wa
will aell lt on Saturday from 8 a.m.
to 11 a.m. at, lb, .„.  63c
Hare yon tried our famons Ayrshire Baek Bacont   Regular 80a
lb.    Saturday,  special, par lb.,
ellead Wi
Flnaat Peameal Back  Baoon,   tho
vary bast, regular 6fis lh., Saturday,  half or wholo, special,  par
ponnd -  83Vafl
Don't forgot to bay Spuda.   Thoy on
going up ta prioe.
mn ma nous
us HMtun a.
N. Bay.
SM OranUb li
tet Bey.
smo wu at
M. rest.
From S ».m. to 11 s.m. we will Bell
Burn,'   Fineit   C.rnatlon   Compound
Lird, ropiUr SOe, ipooUl, 8 ll»...74e
B. O. LomI Efff,, iee, BSo
Albert* Freeh Egg,, dosen .780
Frtea Cantiian Ch.ee., le. 360
TU.it  8u«rkrknt, 0 lb*, lor ....2Bc
Hnert Far. Urd, I lbi. In 11.00
■Wl. LmI MUk, I (or SSo
a.tu-t Otttn, lb  48o
Dentistry can't be cheapened by
getting cheap work-but is inex-
penshre when dime my thorough way
Defects soon appear in dental work
that is imperfectly done. By specializing in the exact matching of Ex«
pression Teeth with natural teeth in-
size and tint—made in my own laboratory and individually fitted—you get
dental work that pleases and endures.
In fact, it's real economy—and my
charge is moderate.
A ttce that Is shrunken
ai»d misshapen by Irregular and missing teeth can
be restored to natural ap-
uearance by the Expression Work especially pro-
Tided for you here.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Oor. Seymour
Phone Sey. 3331
Office Opon Tuesday and  Friday
DR.  BRETT  ANDERSON,  formerly member of the Faculty of ths
College of Dentistry, University cf Southern California,  Lectnrer
on Crown and Bridgework, Demonstrator in Flatework and Opera*
tiro Dentistry, Loeal and General Anaesthesia.
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
Dry Ooods, Oents' Famishing!   .
factory organized under "United Garment Worken of America"
Our brothers and sisters there need immediate. Medical Aid. Mail your contribution at
once. It you are willing to help, write the Secretary for a subscription list
Secretary, Medical Relief Committee for Soviet Russia and Soviet Ukraine,
Box 3591, Postal Station B.,
Enclosed please find the sum of.	
  _   Dollars towards purchase of
Medical Supplies for Soviet Russia and Soviet
Name „j 	
Address __	
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Af
the supply of pulp wood in Canadn
ls being- cdrefully examined and
estimated by American capitalists,
and aa IJ. C. has a large supply of
this wood aud perhaps the last
large supply of this wood on the
continent, it would be well for the
government to give this matter serious consideration.
The consumption of news print
in the United States ls estimated at
40,000 tons per week, of which
Canada provides 12,600 tons. Canada's total output is 16,000 tons per
week and the Americans are anxious to get the total amount. Seventy-live per cent, of the capital
invested in the Canadian pulp and
paper industry Is American capital, some uf the mills being owned
and controlled outright by citizens
of that country and this condition
must have an effect in controlling
the shipment of the output. A few
weeks ago Winnipeg and other
cities were without newspapers owing to the fact that an American-
owned mill wishod to ship their total output to the United States.
This paper was made in Canada
from Canadian timber and Canadian power being used yet our own
newspapers were refused a supply
of newsprint. Our papers had a
contract with thig companw for a
supply and the government had an
agreement that a certain percentage of the output would be sold to
the Canadian newspapers yet in the
face of this they refused to carry
out their contract and agreement.
Their excuse being that the output
was wanted ln the U, S. A. If the
American-owned mills In B. C.
wished they could export their total output and our B. C. newspapers could not be issued.
If Canadian capital does not take
advantage of the vast supply of raw
material in B. C. the provincial
government should go into the pulp
and paper business and utilize our
forests for the benefit of their own
citizens and prevent them from
passing into tbe hands of foreigners.
There Is an enormous proflt In
the manufacturing of different
classes of pulp and paper. The cost
of manufacturing at the Pacific
Mills, Ocean Falls, an American-
owned and controlled mill, Is as follows:
Sulphate Pulp, per ton  $30.00
Sulphite Pulp, per ton  27.60
Ground Wood or Mechanical
Pulp, per ton .    10.00
These figures do not allow fer
any depreciation on plant or Interest on money Invested. Sulphate
pulp Is used for snaking wrapping
paper. Splphite pulp and ground
wood are mixed together for -making newsprint or paper for newspapers. Newsprint is a mixture of
1-4 sulphite pulp which acts as a
binder, and 3-4 ground wood and
could he made at a cost of $20.00
per ton.
Both sulphate and sulphite pulp
are selling today from 5149.00 to
9160.00 per ton. Newsprint averaged one year ago $68.00 per ton.
In August of thie year $100.00 to
$112.00 per ton and-at present $130.
The International Paper Ca has
announced a price of $160.00 for
the first three months of next year.
These are mill prices and much below current market price. Add to
this sales commission, middle man's
profit and freight and you will have
a much higher market price.
So far as margin of quality is
concerned Canadian pulp Is accepted in Europe as the best they have
ever seen there. Heretofore Qermany and Norway have produced
the best pulp. Canada is now the
lowest cost producer of pulp In the
world and seems likely to retain
that position.
The great factor as far as prices
are concerned ls the tremendous
rise in costs in Europe occasioned
by labor, In wood, In coal, and tn
interest charges and taxes.
Canada exports 50,000 cords of
pulp wood per month, 20,000 tons
of unbleached sulphite pulp, 6,000
tons bleached sulphite pulp, 8,000
tons sulphate pulp, and 10,000 tons
of ground wood or mechanical
Pulp is simply cooked wood and
Canada exports over half a million
tons per year, practically all of it to
the U. S. A. Why not. have this
pulp made into paper and export
the finished article Instead of the
raw material? B, C. should prohibit the export of pulp and force
the American mills of this province
to manufacture it into paper. The
Whalen Co. have a paper mill at
Port Angeles. They have three pulp
mills In B. C. but they do not make
a pound of paper. Why not manufacture their output in B. C. instead of shipping it to the American side? The Pacific Mills, Ocean
Falls ship pulp to their other mills
at Oregon City and CamaB and
there it is made into paper. A
strange thing about this company
ls that at their mills ln the states
no Asiatics are employed. If the B.
C. mills dp not care to put in paper machines let the provincial
government erect a paper mill at
Vancouver. Let them put up a flrst
class mill for the manufacturing of
different grades or classes of paper. At present our paper bags,
writing and toilet paper comes
from the other provinces. Let the
government erect pulp mills in different parts of the province and
ship their'output to one central
point and there make lt into the
finished product.
Instead of going to the expense
of putting drying machines Into the
different mills, a good machine
costs about $200,000.00 the pulp
could be put through what is
known as a wet machine, which extracts nearly all the water, then
through presses and into balls.
This ls the cheap method, and
could be shipped to a paper mill
at Vancouvor In this shapo.
Electrical power for operating a
paper mill could be had at a very
low price in Vancouver and mill
waste, which is destroyed In largo
amounts at present, could bc utilized for generating all the steam required.
Again, Vancouver Is tho centre
for both shipping and railway
transportation. Jt, may ho argued
that the government cannot run a
manufacturing plant and compete
jvith private enterprise. I know the
pulp and paper mills of B. C. and
I sny that thoy can. With the great
profits being mad* today by privato enterprise, I do not see why
ho government could not imder-
:ake such a proposition and' there-
•v let the people as a whole benefit
instead of, as at present allowing
;j. lew to exploit this country and
enrich  themselves at the expense
of the people of Canada.     ,-' ^ '
889 Hornby Street. ..nj
Vancouver, B. C. ,"""'.
On French Troops in Germany
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Sir—
My attention has-been drawn to
an article printed in your issue of
the 8th inst., (page 5), under the
title: "Creates Hell West of the
Rhine." This article, whioh reproduces a roport of E. D. Morel, a
well known friend of Germany, before, throughout and after the war,
contains such startling fallacies
that I think lt is my duty to answer
When the so-called "French
black troops' atrocities tn German
occupied territory" campaign was
started In some German, neutral
and allied papers (amongst them
was the London Daily Herald,
whose Bolshevik acquaintances are
notorious and which seems to have
directed the campaign), the Fronch
government tpenea an inquiry.
This Inquiry covered a pariod of
eighteen months; it was fairly conducted and. left no accusation unanswered. It proved that: 1. In
Frankfort, where the black troops
had been especially charged with
all kinds of horrors, only one complaint for indecent assault on a girl
had been made and proved true; 2,
that in the Saer district, the situation was the same; 8. that, at
Sarrebruck, where rapes of girls
had been reported, no disappearance could be proved.
Further, far from being an object of terror, the black troops
proved rather attractive to the women folk of Rhineland, as unbiassed Germans acknowledged it
The Catholic paper, "Christlische
Pllger," in Its Issue of May 5, 1920,
printed the following: "Black
troops ln general behave well; lf
complaints have been heard, tlfey
are directed rather against that impudent sort of girls who have no
fear to be seduced, but on the contrary are prone to seduce others."
And the famous polemlst, Maximilian Harden, in his world-famous
paper "Zukunft", In the coursp, of
an article where he protested
against the campaign, wrote, this:
"When Havas (the French Qxjews
agency,) announces that Senegalese
were covered with flowers by (jer-
man women when leaving Frankfort, that is not incredible." ,.. .
Further, when it is said that tens
of thousands of black troops have
been garrisoned in German.,,occupied territory, it Is sheer exaggeration. This so-called invasion in fact
came to the use of Ave thousand
men of black troops; the other colored troops employed, not more
than fourteen thousand men, all
came from French North-Africa
(Arabs, Moroccans, etc.) Indeed,
notorious German papers had. to
acknowledge the fallacy of this
campaign and to deny thetr own
stories; so did the Kolnische Zel-
tung, the great Catholic paper (No.
of June 15), the Rhine Gazette
(No. of June 15) and the Wiesbaden News, which expressed regret
to have reprinted, on the 14th of
May, without enquiry, an article
from the Swedish paper, Swenske
To sum up. It ts proved that this
campaign was started by Irresponsible Germans and some Germano-
phiies, anxious to have Germany's
responsibility of the war and her
war behavior forgotten, to shift
Germany's responsibility on
France. Germany, who has not yet
paid one cent of reparation to
France, whereas the French have
already paid the Germans for the
unavoidable damage done In occupied districts (all ex-soldiers know
that troops cannot help damaging
property), and whereas the French
pay a gold premium to Germany
for the coal she delivers as a c< n-
pensatlon for her wanton -destruction of the French coal-fields.
I trust your spirit of fairness to
print this letter and I am, sir, -
Tours truly,-
Acting French Consul General,
Montreal, Oct 23, 1920.
Editor's note—While publishing
the latter of the French consul,
we cannot agree with his views of
Morell. Any individual who lived
in Allied territory and opposed the
war, was classed as pro-German.
The reference to the Dally Herald's
"Bofehevlki" tendencies show the
samo old ruling class animosity,
and while recognizing the French
consul's position, we prefer to accept the word of men who we
know have told the truth though
hy so doing they have placed their"
liberty in jeopardy.
Spanish Labor United on Political
Field on Advice of Third
International        9t7?\
(By the Federated Pres£|| .* j
Paris.—The unity of forcesjin the
Spanish labor movement re^ejuly
roported in dispatches from ^agrid,
which has resulted in the issuljngjof
a joint manifesto against the j reaction by the Spanish Labor hpngua
and the Spanish Trades Unipn
League, ls attributed to the influence of the delegates of the .fofpiier
organization recently returned ^"rc m
the Moscow Congress of the Communist International.
Previous efforts to bring tqgftlier
the Syndicalists, as represented by
the Labor League, and the Socialists organized in the Trade Union
League, had always failed because
of the Syndicalists' flat repudiation
of parliamentary action. Now, presumably acting upon that part of
the programmo of the Third International which calls for parliamentary action under certain circumstances, the Syndicalists announce
that they will take part in the elections for the Cortes to be held ln
Oklahoma City.—"One per cent
of your lotal pay roll, to carry on
the fight against organized lnbor!"
This is one demand maJo by the
"opon shop" division of tho chamber of commerce upon mem oen.
Mexican Constitution
And the Interests
(Bjr Arthur Thomson.)
Bitter attacks on tho Mexican
constitution, particularly article 27
have been made from time to time
by both Americans and Mexicans
representing capital.
Recently a book has been published by a Mexican, prominent
.during Dial's regime, ln which he
bitterly attacks the progressive
features of the constitution, among
them being article 27, which he demands must be wiped oft the slate.
His book was highly eulogized editorially by the Los Angeles Times,
mouthpiece of the interests.
In the United States much of the
Intervention fuss during the past
three yeara has been Inspired by
the oil, mining and other interests
with their bitter opposition to Article 27, In Mexico the National
Republican party, or the Clerical
party, la particularly opposed to
Article 27. By Its opposition to this
article tha Clericals have gained
the support of the oil and mining
interests, and of foreign capital
The New Tork Times Current
History haa the following to say
about this party: "The National
Republican party held a convention in Mexico City and, on July
20, nominated Alfredo Robles Do-
mlnguez for preaident by a vote of
210 to SI. He wu at one time Carranza's peraonal representative in'
tha U. S. Carlos B. Zetina, one of
the founders of the Knights of Columbus ln Mexico, and Domlnguez
himself made bitter attacks upon
Artlole 27 during the Carranza regime. Ths party waa formed by
Kmillo Plmentel, who was governor of Oaxaca under Diaz. The revival of tha Catholic movement
dates from ths visit to Mexico of
an American priest, who reconciled
the different church factions."
The Association for the Frotec-
of American Rights in Mexico haa
taken particular delight ln picking
on the Mexican constitution, especially Article 27. We have not
heard much from thla association
with the lone; name of late but expect to before long, especially lf
they don't gat all their own way
below the Rio Qrande. This association haa taken particular pains
to misrepresent Article 27, and
among other things, states ln a
pamphlet issued some time ago
that "no foreign corporation or individual can legally acquire or hold
any mines, oil wells, land or other
real property ln Mexico unless he
renounces his citizenship." Which
ls simply a deliberate perversion of
tbe legal provisions of Article 27.
Legal capacity to acquire ownership of land*, etc.. In Mexico Is
governed by certain pabvlslons,
among them bslng ths following:
"Only Mexicans by birth or naturalization and Mexican companies
havs ths right to acquire ownership
In lands, waters and their appurtenances, or to obtain concessions to
develop mines, waters or mineral
fuels ln ths Republic of Mexics.
Ths nation may grant ths earns
right to foreigners, provided thsy
agree before ths department ot foreign affaire to be considered Mexicans in respect to such property,
and accordingly not to Invoke ths
protection of their governments ln
respect to the same, under penalty,
ln case of breach, ot forfeiture to
the nation of property eo acquired.
Within a zone ot 100 kilometers
from the frontiers, and of SO kilometers from ths sea coast, no foreigner shall under any conditions
acquire direct ownership of landa
and waters."
Now that does not mean that a
foreigner, must "renounce his citizenship" in order to hold property
ln Mexico. It says that he must'bs
considered a Mexican "in respect
to auch property." Which means
that he obey the property lawa of
Mexico the same as a Mexican and
not consider himself exempt from
their provisions and call on hla government whenever any laws are
made whloh may affect his property.
Foreign ministers have been the
curse of Mexico for 60 years and
more. With true Imperialistic
minds these interests have plundered and exploited the people ot
Mexico and have Invoked aid of
their respective governments whenever they considered lt necessary.
The oil millionaires are no exception to this. It Mr. Lansing was
not personal representative In the
Btate department for the oil Interests, he certainly had an ear finely
tuned to tho sound of oil.
Mexico certainly has a right to
make lews that foreign interests
must obey the same as natives. One
would think to hear some ot the
agents of these Interests tell lt that
such was a peculiar proceeding
common to Mexicans alone. Mr.
Doheny, tho oil millionaire with
large Interests in Mexico, lives ln
California. Did Mr. Dohney and his
press agents forget about a few
months ago when they were making such a noise about the Mexican
constitution that California a few
years ago passed a law forbidding
aliens to own land lr. California?
Now did California ask those aliens
about the matter first and get their
consent? Did California ask their
respective governments about the
matter? Well, not so as you could
notice It. Mexico has not gone as
far as California In this, yet aliens
In Mexico who are rich and powerful, some of whom come from
California, make a fuss because
they are told they must not Invoke
the protection of their government
fn respect to their Mexican property! Capitalist consistency ls truly
a wonderful thing!
Used to grabbing everything ln
sight In their own countries, capitalists have gone to Mexico and
found that the - Mexican people
won't stand for too much of the
grab game. Outside of India there
has been no more tyrannized, exploited and enslaved people In the
world' than the people of Mexico.
For three hundred years prior to
Its independence Mexico was under
the iron heel of Spain. The Inquisition was ln effect and stilled all attempts at freedom. Then at last
came political Independence and
the overthrow of the Inquisitorial
methods. Since then, over a hundred years ago, revolution has been
common, largely because of foreign
interference, both by governments
and individuals seeking personal
gain. The foreign exploiter has
been ever present. When, during
the regime of Juarez the Agarian
democrncy was spreading throughout Maxico and emancipating the
peons, the exploiters, with the aid
of the Interested foreign governments, put an end to this thing of
beauty and Installed Porflrio Diaz,
the despoller of Mexico, in. the saddle, and darkness settled over the
land for over thirty years.
President de la Huerta, on August 1, Issued a statement that Article 27 of the Mexicon constitution
would be upheld, those sections
dealing with oil properties as well
as others, despite the efforts of
"some outside interests to the contrary." The New York Times says
that "General Trevlno, secretary of
industry, had previously told the
oil men plainly that there would
be no modification of th$ law. The
supreme' court had passed on the
question by denying 29 petitions for
appeal by the petroleum operators,
and congress had approved the
Carranza decrees. This was in re-
Ply to an offer ot the petroleum
companies to pay to the government 20,000,000 pesos lf the decrees
were annulsd."
Article 27 says: "Ths ownership
of lands and waters comprised
within the limits of the national
territory is vested originally in the
nation, which has had, and has, the
right to transmit title thereof to
private persons, thereby constituting private property.   .   .   .
"Ths nation shall have at all
times the right to Impose on private
property such limitations as ths
public interests may demand as
well as the right to regulate the
development of natural resources.
"In ths nation is vested direct
ownership of all minerals . . .
beds of precious stones ....
phosphates which may be used for
fertilizers; solid mineral fuels; petroleum and all hydrocarbons—solid, liquid or gaseous   .   .   .   ."
This Is the chief target aimed at
by the moneyed interests and whloh
we probably will hear more about
ln the not very distant future.
Boys' and Girls' Corner
(By J. s. Woodsworth)
11i« Man Alone ln a Boat
Today, I want to tell you a story
which Ernest Untermann has told
very beautifully in his "World's
A shipwrecked sailor was adrift
on the ocean.in an open boat. He
was all alone with only the sky and
the sea about him. Only the thin
half-Inch boards of his boat separated him from a salt water grave
five thousand fathoms deep.
He was alone—"one man and ons
tiny boat against a thousand miles
of heaving brime and ths unbridled winds of heaven!"
Surely It was a hopeless struggle.
Only one pair of tired eyes to watch
for the faint blus outline of soms
welcome Island. Only one right arm
to hold the heavy steering oar.
Only one left hand to pull ths
straining sheet of ths bulging sail.
Then the long lonely night that
would not end—th* burning thirst
with water, water all.around, and
not a drop to drink. Would he give
up. Nol Man ls captain of his
soul and master of his fate!
At last, exhausted but safe hs lay
on ths warm sands ot a tropical
island. He had won! Alone by his
own unaided efforts he had conquered himself and nature-
Had he? As hs lay thers "his
first thought was of her whose
blood was coursing through hla own
veins and whose image .had chesrsd
and Inspired him la lt all—his
mother." She surely had helped
him ln his lonely fight. Then hs
thought of his father. Hs had his
father's strong arms and Iron constitution and Indomitable will. Tes,
he cams of good stock. Ho thought
of his long line of ancestors. Surely thsy had all helped him. He wu
only twenty-ona years old. Think
of the millions of years It had taken
to producs hlml
Then as he lay on the sand his
eye caught a glimpse of his stranded boat. What a trusty companion
lt had bsen to him. That too hs
owed to othors—to the boat builders, to the loggen and mill men
who had sawn ths trees and prepared the lumber. And who had
flrst Invented a boat? As hs lay
with eyes half closed'he seemed to
see a long procession of the million
of men who down through ths
years had'with inflnfts patience
learned how to build a modern
boat. The Indian In his dug-out
surely had helped him.
The wet sail—"what a long procession of hands It represented;
front the sowing, cultivating and
harvesting of the cotton, the spinning of the yarn, the weaving of
the cloth, the cutting and sewing
Into lta present shape, with the intermediate processes of trading and
And what about ths Iron foot of
the bow, and the bleached ropes of
manilla fibre and the woolen
sweater and the oil clothes and the
ship's biscuits. "All these things
were there only because the united
efforts of millions had been spent
for a million years In producing the
tools and materials which were the
Indispensable requirements for the
manufacture of food, clothing and
shelter and means of transportation." •
Then who had given this sailor
his education? His familiarity with
the compass, his knowledge of
geography, his ability to calculate
the drift of currents—surely he
could have done little without the
stored up Intelligence of the Past,
After all, the universe. Itself had
not been against him. While he
thought he was struggling alone
millions" of allies had struggled to
help him. The mighty ocean of air
with its swift winds had not only
threatened his life, but also filled
his said and carried hifn safely to
the placid lagoon. The same ocean
that had raged furiously around his
boat had also borne lt along. And
both air and ocean feel the kiss of
the sun. Without that kiss, without light and heat, the earth
could not have given birth to Its
teeming life.
As the weary sailor slept on the
warm sand he no longer felt alone.
He had many frienda in the universe. "The universe was in him
and he in the universe." Xnd
though now he lay peacefully,
"neither his body nor the universe
were perfectly at rest,"
Am I ever alone?   Who am "I"?
Patronize   Fed   Advertiser's.
Let the Famous
solve your dressing
There are beautiful Fall and Winter Suits
and Coats reduced to prices most any woman
can pay. Dresses, for every purpose, are
charming, and in many instances the fabrics
of which they are made could not be obtained at November Sale priees. And Skirts
share proportionate discounts.
Near Granville
Garment Workers' Executive Declares It Unconstitutional tot
Big New York Local
(By tho Federated Press)
New York.—The Bhop delegate
system of union control initiated
by Local 26 of the Waist Makers'
Union of the International Ladies'
Garment Workers, has been declared unconstitutional by the General Executive Board of the International. An order has been Issued
instructing the local to hold membership meetings in order to elect
an executive board.
The order displaces a temporary
arrangement Installed as an experiment by the local, whereby Instead
of attempting to hold meetings- of
Its 25,000 members for the transaction of business, the shop chairmen met periodically to make decisions for the workers ln their
shops, A shop delegato was also
elected by each shop unit to attend
the meetings.
In that dark hour when sympathy and best Bervice count so
much—call up
Phoue Fairmont 58
Prompt Ambulance Service
Oklanoma City.—"We do not belong to tbe chamber of commerce
or the open ahop dlvlilon." Thla la
6ie new altn that hangs on the caah
register ot the Cadillac cafe, In
place of te old "Thank yon, call
again," algn.
We Sell the Finest
on the Easiest Terms of
and—mark Jeu—our'i. ts
good furniture—just the
best procurable.
We bave a great big
stock and can offer you
ample choice ln every
line—Come and aee usl
Tou don't nave to buy—
it's your acquaintance
we'rt after,
418 MAIN ST.       I
| (Opposite City Hall)   |^
Veterans of the Great War
We will dye your great coat bottle green, brown or black, take
off shoulder straps, put on new
buttons and make it look like a
civy coat, all for $5.50.
Mali Orders Promptly Attended
7 Little Tailors
336 Carrall Street
commheoial unan
Phone Seymou TIM
mil  noor,  World BaiKUai  Tia-
eoavar, B. O.	
Guaranteed Coal
If our eoal is not satisfactory to yon, after you
have thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
eoal is left and charge you
nothing for what you have
Tou to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phonta Seymour 1*41 sad Ml
Greatest Stock oi
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
U BiatUga Itrtat Wtat
aad Non-alcoholic wlaai M all
Use Royal Crown Soap
{and Save tho Coupon*
This season we are better prepared than ever to take care
of football players.
High-grade English Jerseys in many colors and designs.
A splendid stock to choose from.
Be sure to see the new Improved-McGregor Boot.   Thli
boot is a winner. All sises in stock.
From tho bast English makers, Including tho genuine Mo-
Gregor, tho finest ball jnade.      •
TEL. SEY. 152 TUiDAY...
...November 5, 1020
twelfth year. No. if 'THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST  Vancouver, b. c
Lumber Camp and Agricultural Workers' Department of the One Big Union
Fellow Workers: Do you realize
tbat In this organization you have
ibe very best fighting machine you
•ver had? Do you fully underttand the power that Is in your
bands .by standing shoulder to
shoulder In organized solidarity?
Only by solidarity and sincere effort on the part of each and every
member can we hope to win on
tny large scale There are times
Tithout number In any organized
body of men when some active
member sees things as they are,
and on lots of occasions not as
they should be by any means,
where the organization Is concerned. That man knows from years
of organization work that certain
things need to bo changed, and
makes a sincere effort to have this
accomplished. His effort might
take the form of a written letter
' to the membership at large. Some
of the things referred to might be
of a more or less serious nature,
but the truth for all of that, and
as such should be fully appreciated
even though lt does hurt a Uttle
on the start.
Bome men, just as soon as they
hear something that ls not just to
their liking, take the primitive
way of squaring things. It Is nice
to be able to do a "Jack Dempsey"
style of battle and everything like
that, but at the same time, though
you are more than usually clever
with your hands, lt does not get
you anything ln the long run, only
bad frienda, and besides at this
day and date, we should all try
and control ourselves more than
we do. Besides you might be as
strong physically as a "Bull Moose,"
and what la commonly termed a
"good man In a mix-up," and at
the same time, you have not the
mentality of a louse, I think that
tf we would all do a little more
studying on the industrial and social questions of today, there would
be less prlmatlve Inclinations on
our part. By studying a Uttle bit,
fellow workers, and conducting
ourselves ln a sane and proper
manner when we come to town, we
are not only elevating our own
social standard, but ate also creating a higher morale In this organization, which ls one of the
most essential things in any organization. .
Did you ever stop to think, fellow
worker, that but for the present
social and Industrial system, we
could, and would, be able to live
Uke man was Intended to live
when he was put on this old earth.
Not ln the unnatural way that the
most of us are living today. Man
was not Intended to live away from
woman after becoming mature,
because It Is against all the laws of
nature. (One reason for so many
"nut factories" and the men and
women that are put In them.)
It would be a pretty nice thing,
would it not? -If every man who
so desired could have a little home
some place, and a good little woman to go through life with him,
because men, I consider the sincere love of two people the very
finest thing that could happen to
man or woman. It ts the understanding of euch things, without
the means to gratify them, that
makes "booze fighters" out of
young men, and makes young girls
and women turn to a life of prostitution.
Come, fellow workers, become
organized, and stand shoulder to
. shoulder in this fight for some of
the things we should have, but
which "are denied ub under the
present system.
Elk   hake.   Stony   Crook,   Booth's
Oamp 2
The foreman of the camp Is Joe
Coombs; clerk, Spike Hennessy;
walking boss, Harry Tripp. Although camp only built last year,
the conditions are indescribably
filthy. Under the floor Is a year's
accumulation of filth from the sink.
The chief diet is pork and beans.
For a whole month there was no
canned goods of any kind, but a
few came In recently. No milk of
any kind. All supplies of lowest
grade. No butter, margarine only
used, and this frequently contains
large black lumps of heaven only
knows what, and lt would take an
analysis to flnd out. The dining
room and kitchen all ln ono and aB
there is no ventilation, the smoke
and smells from the range when
cooking can be Imagined, but not
described. Some of the dining
tables are only four feet from the
rango. Three men also sleep In
this building in bunks resembling
shelves, just sufficient room to
crawl Into, but hardly enough between bunks to enable the occupant to He on his side without
touching the bunk above.
One cook when he saw on his arrival what he j was up against,
kicked, and was promised Improvements, but as these were not
fulfilled ho quit at the end of the
month. At the head office they
charged him a replacing fee of
111.46. All the company had advanced him was $6.50. He disputed
the account and was finally given
an additional $10.00, The clerk
then charged him with being a
Bolshevik and told him to clear
out, as he was trying to create a
movement of that kind. This was
because he acted as spokesman for
eight other man who were also .being charged the replacement fee.
The clerk told him that as he was
settled up all right not to mind
about the others.
The replacing fee stunt works
this way: The company can hire
men, say ln Halifax, with a fare Of
$40.00. Then if the man quits,
they.charge him that amount as
being the expense entailed in replacing him, but they can hire an
other man In his place at North
Bay with a fare of $6.00 only, so
there is a nice little rake-off for
them from the transaction.
In Ontario there ls the finest
health laws of any province in
Canada. The above is a sample of
how they are carried out,
Masset Timber Company
At a meeting assembled at this
camp on October 25, 1920, we, the
members passed an unanimous vote
in favor of our delegates at Port
Arthur convention on Sept. 20th,
1920, and the actions they were
forced to take on account of the
blacklisting attitude taken by the
so-called O. B. U. Our delegates
represented an industrial union,
formed before the O. B. U. came
Into existence, and without the aid
of the A. F. of L. True, we have
a few district officers for convenience of members, -and delegates to
carry on the business of the organization, like here, for Instance,
only a boat from Vancouver every
two weeks where our general headquarters are, and where we ask advice on certain points we are not
acquainted with. But now we see
tho grand old scheme of the bunch
that met at Port Arthur to divide
the O, B. U. Into numerous distrcits
ruled by central labor councils,
with a directory board at Winnipeg, and also abolish our general
headquarters, divide all up Into
geographic units.
New, let us see how this would
work out. We, the Lumber Workers, according to the nature of our
employment, could not have a full
quota of our members hanging
around district headquarters to sit
on labor councils without a lot of
expense. The money might as well
be used for literature and organizing as fot' paying per capita tax to
central labor councils and O. B.
U's. as they exist at present. And
If we did have a full quota of our
members to represent us on such
labor councils, they would undoubtedly receive the same dose of
blacklisting as our members at
Port Arthur on some pretext of
per1 capita tax of credentials or
some other parliamentary rules of
order. And, furthermore, as long
as we are the leading unit in this
Buppoaed O, B. U., that ts if we
may still call ourselves a unit of
It, we will give a.little more advice
and not take so much of this "I'll
show you" stuff. We don't doubt
for a minute that the rank and
file of all the O. B. U. knew nothing about what grand scheme was
to be pulled off, and let it be re
solved that we, the Lumber Work
ers, have a referendum ballot of a
general meeting in Vancouver at
headquarters some date In the near
future, to be left to the Central
Executive Bonrd to set the date;
and furthermore, Lumber Work-
era members study constitution
clauses 34, 35, 86, 37 and 38, and
see tf you want a little change
Camp operating all summer but
only recently organized, which ls
sprprislng, seeing the number of
members of the union who have
been -working here. Possibly they
were only card packers.
Conditions equal to those which
were generally in operation ten
years ago, except that we work 8
hours as against 10 then. Climb
the hill (and it's a real hill) In
own time, down In company's. Have
dinner oh the job. Once a day to
climb that hill Is enough. Thanks
mainly to the cook, the food Is a
good average. Bunks mostly wood
en, with the usual tenants. By the
way, the housing problem for them
must be as pressing as it Is for the
people of Vancouver. No bath or
dry house, so a system has been
adopted of drying clothes by building a good flre, shutting all doors
and windows, and then visiting th,e
neighbors who are not playing the
same stunt. At the meeting on October Srd It was decided to instruct
camp committee to request the
company to comply with the semimonthly pay act. To furnish bath
and dry house, blankets, and other
conveniences. That the Loggers'
agency, when employing men, inform them the correct amount of
fare. At our last meeting, held Oo-
Firs, Limited, or Rees & Black Whonnock
Metalliferous Mines Silverton and Sandon
(Slocan District)
Nor. Construction C0....AH Camps on North Thompson
Dempsey-Ewart's, Camp SL. Drury Inlet
McLeod Timber Co.
..Gambier Island
Cargill Co. of Canada, Broughton Island, actively
discriminating: against union men.
United Grain Growers  •.  JHutton
Kaslo District—All piece work; bum timber.
Frince George District.
tober 17th,   the   following   letter
from the company was read:
"We duly received your letter of
October 5th, and carefully note
contents, in reply would say that
your request will be placed before
our board of directors In due
course, and given their consideration, and their decision communicated to your committee,
"Tbe AJberta Lumber Co. Ltd."
After the letter had been read
and discussed a motion was carried
that lf the company had to place
the matter before its board of directors to see If they would comply
with the law, then the provincial
health Inspector be notified of the
conditions of camp, and that they
also be published ln the FederationiBt.
The camp is now solid O. B, U.
and if It operates long enough I
think they can be depended on to
better conditions If possible.
Camp 4
Report of meeting held at above
camp October 26, 1920. F, W.
Cameron elected chairman and F.
W. Cochrane secretary.
MinuteB of previous meeting
were adopted. Delegate reported
that company had acceded to the
demand made at last meeting re
walking one way tn company's time.
Report accepted.
F. W. Dotto was elected to fill
vacancy In camp committee. F. W.
Cameron, West and Hayward were
elected auditing committee.
Moved and seconded that camp
committee Interview foreman re
getting man for building sidewalks
and ventilators'.   Carried.
Moved and seconded, that inquiry
slip from headquarters be filled In
by delegate.
Moved and seconded, that referendum on F. A. convention be returned to Winch. Carried, with the
following remarks:
"In velw of the fact that there
Is a misunderstanding between the
officials of the L. C. and A. W. D.
of the O. B. U. and the officials of
the O. B. U., over who shall handle
the funds, we have come to the conclusion that the referendum instead
of helping to solve the trouble only
accentuates it, and is leading to an
open breach in the membership of
the O. B. U. Having come to this
conclusion we advise the membership to abstain from voting on
either of ;the referendums submitted to them by the said officials.
The only thing to do is to thoroughly discuss the trouble In camp
and read both sides appearing in
the labor papers, and be prepared
next convention to so write their
constitution that it will be impossible for individuals to uso their
money and strength like generals
did with the men under their command ln the Great War. What we
want Is to hear from the rank and
file that they are always talking
about. Now ls the time to make
them feel the strength of the membership. If the other districts are
not organized strong enough to
take this matter up, surely the
coast can give them a lead on
the question."   Carried.
Moved and seconded, that we refused to work unless new cook
comes not later than ' arrival of
Beatrice next Thursday.   Carried.
Moved and seconded, that committee interview foreman re same.
Moved and seconded, that different demands be represented to
company in writing, signed by delegate and camp committee, and answers to be in writing, and also
signed on behalf of tho management.   Carried.
Moved and seconded, that flre be
kept in wash house all the time.
Moved and seconded, that we endorse the action of Camp 1 re exchanging of minutes and that committees of both camps meet not loss
than twice a month.   Carried.
Moved and seconded, that delegate and committee attend meeting
next Sunday at Camp 1.    Carried.
Moved and seconded, that we ask
committee of Camp 1 to attend our
meeting next Monday night. Carried.
Meeting   then   adjourned   until
next Monday night at C.30 p.m.
H. W. McKnlght, Delegate.
L, Dotto, Camp Committee.
A, Cochrane, "
S. Wartainefl,        "
We camo out on strike because
of discrimination against one man,
and when they settled it there were
four men that the foreman would
not take back.
Now you can see where your
card packers are. These men had
a chance to go to work at other
campa, but they went up to the
foreman's room In town and ho
had a case of the goods there for
them, so he is a good fellow. At
the last meeting when one momber
asked the foreman, "who the members were that would not go back."
Some of the members Bald lt was
not fair to the boss, and he was
ruled out of order.
Now this foreman said before the
strike that he was a good union
man, but as soon as he gets to be
a slave driver he is with the master class. He told one member to
tear up his card or go down on the
boat with the rest of the men.
Now, fellow-workers, if you
come to a camp where you see this
main I. Koski, as foreman, watch
out;; he is unfair to organized
DEL. 670.
At meeting held In camp on October 18th a motion was unanimously adopted that the name of the
writer be signed to all articles appearing in the Fed.
The meeting also decided to re-
Instate J. Dwyer as a member of
the O. B. U. and have his name
stricken from the black-list.
Camp 7
This ls a good camp. Good bunk
house with all single bunks; blankets furnished; bath house; dry
house and wash room; grub good
and good drinking water. One
flunkey and one dish-washer for 40
men. The foreman is willing to do
anything for us that is In reason.
A question of Importance to all
workers who are paying a monthly contribution to a hospital and
medical fund is, ".What do we get
ln return for the money we pay.
and who controls the doctors?' In
Cranrook district, the question Is
receiving considerable attention,
although no dtssat-sftii'Mon is expressed with the attention which
the nen receive fr'om the doctors,
who apparently take a very different attitude towaVd the workers
who are paying them, Mian do
many of the medical fraternity,
who profit y what Is usually a
petty graft of monthly deductions
to so-called medical and hospital
funds, which are operating in tho
majority of camps throughout the
Drs. Green and McKinnon are
playing the game, but the fact remains that they are not In the
business for pleasure, but for profit, and it Is necessary for the workers to decide If they are paying
too much for the Bervice rendered.
The monthly* payment of $1.60 In-
clueds the one cent per day which
goes to the ^Compensation Board
for medical and hosptlal attention,
in case of accident - occurring on
the job, therefore the men are
paying over $1.20 a month for attention In case of sickness. Consequently they pay four1 times as
ihuch for sickness that they do
for accident, but we would doubt
this, particularly In the case of the
logger, who Is usually a healthy
animal. On the other hand, he
pays during the year about $15
for medical attention and hospital
in the event of sickness, and it la
obvious that If he was only sick
for-a few days ln a year, It would
cost hfm at least this amount for
There are many organizations
who specialize ln giving modical
attention to their members, who
would willingly undertake the responsibility for $1 a month. At
any rate, it ls obvious that the
men are entitled to get aid, and
the doctors can well afford to give
more than they are doing, and the
men, if they decide to continue the
present payment to the present doctor's, should insist upon a regular
visit to every camp and job at
least once a mouth to aee lf all men
are In good condition, and to see lf
the flrst aid kits are fully equipped and the Provincial laws relating to water aupply, cubic air
space, the erection and equipment
of a building set apart for and reserved exclusively for the reception of sick or Injured workmen,
and other requirements are lived
up to.
If not, then tho matter ahould
be reported to the health authorities, and the district office, and the
necessary action taken to bring the
employer to time.
Another* question which has been
entirely neglected tn the past Is
the medical examination of,cooks,
and those engaged In handling
food. There Is enough risk of contagion from Infectious cases under
normal .contact between men tn
camp, but when such cases exist
amongst those who are handling
the food, it creates an entirely unnecessary danger to the rest of the
crew, and if health is more necessary to any one class of worker
than another, lt is to the men engaged ln the extremely laborious
work entailed in the lumber industry. No unhealthy person should
be permitted tu handle the food
of the men In camp, and the regular and frequent Inspection of
the kitchen and dining-room staff
should be part of the doctor's
Gamp a
As a'fellow member of the O.
B, U. and a lumber jack I wish
to make a report on the successful
work of this organization during
this season's lumbering at the
Kingcome River Camp 2. The conditions here were very satisfactory
both in the living and working conditions, and the working hours
were eight hours only. Proceeding
to work in the company's time was
a main feature that kept up here
throughout the year. The company
'tried to alter this procedure once
Hriih. the result that the men stood
■Solid, and kept the company to the
Wfeinal plan. The camp Is 100 per
cent union, and their co-operation
%'nA keen Interest was shown at all j
limes in the O. B. U, work, both at■
Meetings and In getting new mem-.
'hefts. At tho last meeting there waa
'a very satisfactory report read, and
'■a'Vote of thanks to the camp's del-;
5egdte was passed, which stated that
'he had performed his duties in a
*vety satisfactory way. Many mem-
'befrs expressed their views that the
J-nfejtt year--would make the O. B. U.
a much more powerful organization than It is today. The men realize that lt stands for solidarity
against the capitalistic tryanny.
Camp S
George Olson is the bell ox here
In this land of Isolation on Nimpkish Lake, sixteen miles from Alert
Bay, B. C. The camp runs one Bide
and a frame lead when the bell ox
has enough slaves—24 are ln the
yoke at present. No use here for
an engineer or lead ox (I mean a
hook-tender), as the bell ox plays
both ends of the game himself.
Meat house Is dirtier than a pigpen. Chinese cooks. Grub rotten.
Conditions the same. Toilet located
about 36 feet from garbage shack.
No hogs but the slaves, so they
dump tho swill In the lako outside
the kitchen door. One flop house
for the common slaves with one
stove In it. No facilities for washing clothes. No wash, bath or dry
house, so the sluves get the beneflt
of the steam heat from their wet
clothes at night. The C. P. A.'s
pack their own bed on their back.
A C. P. A. Is a Canadian pack ape.
The bell ox ls of the pugilistic variety, so please have your war paint
on when coming up here. No licensed engineer in this camp. Also
a steam tug on Nimpkish Lake
without licenses for cuptaln or
pilot. The camps of tho Nimpkish
Lumber Company need delegates
tn them badly, also more good live
active memberB to help us boost the
thing along. One slave here setting
chokers who says the Elks would
not let him Join the O. B. U. You
will know him when you see him.
Member 58166.
At loco the townsite people are
employing the following method
With their rigging crew to Increase
production: With the consent t of
the foreman, Patsy Desmond has
eliminated the rigging slinger with
the understanding that he is to do
thc job of hooktendcr and rigging
slinger, for the sum approximately $10. But Desmond, not knowing rigging work, places the burden of tho work, the output and
tho earning of hiB own wages on
the rigging crew working with
him. It doesn't take a worker
familiar with the business to know
what is going on. The first duy on
tho job (Friday I asked for a raise
in pay, owing to tho circumstances
mentioned. On Monday the superintendent informed me that the
hooktender did not require my services any longer. The latter ls an
O. B. U. man, at least he carries
a card to that effect. Such practices by card packers ls dlametri-
lally opposed to the principles of
the organization which helped them
to get from where they were, to
whero they are,
L. B,
;':v '. Camp 4 Meeting
B Committee reported that the
company had promised the blankets, the same to be furnished free
of charges. Also regarding ten men
to a bunkhouse, a compromise being arrived at, allowing twelve men
to each bunkhouse until such time
as the roads were ln condition to
haul in lumbei to build more bunkhouses. The tingle Iron beds,
springs and mattresses, single
decks, are already Installed. The
arrangements over the pay day has
been settled, the company paying
tn time cheques payable without
discount at nearest bank; the same
oan be had every day lf deemed
necessary by the worker. Ex-board
officers' report accepted. Discussion
of referendums. Moved and seconded that we do not' approve of
action taken by Lumber worker
delegatea at Port Arthur convention of O. B. U.   Carried.
Moved and seconded, that L. W.
I. U. take part tn the . B.<U. referendum.   Carried.
Moved and seconded, that we
have only one O. B. U. headquarters for all units affiliated with the
O. B. U. carried.
Discussion on per capita tax and
general organization work.
Moved and seconded that we discard our present receipt system and
per capita tax system and adopt
the stamp system along with a general fund system. Carried. Discussion on the two delegates who
absconded with union funds some
time ago, and through our Inefficient receipt system we are at a
loss to discern how much those two
delegates appropriated to their own
Moved and seconded that the
secretary at Kamloops take legal
action against those men Immediately.   Carried.
It Is a hard job working the
camps of this country, particularly ai only those easy of access, or
where the sentiment was favorable have been touched, hostile
ones benlg passed up. The sslssor-
blll camps have been left alone.
Also there has been a tendency to
misrepresent the union by giving it
the appearance of an insurance
I have confined my talks entirely to organization matters, explaining to the workers just what It
consists of, and stands for, and the
reasons for the employers being
antagonistlo and vlllifying It, Because of these talks, I have been
run out of camps and compelled to
sleep tn the bush miles from any
Naturally we do not get the immediate flnanclal returns that we
might do If we followed a simple
membership grabbing course. The
retumsfliowever, Justify the work
being carried on, and lf followed
up we will have a good solid basts
upon which an organization can be
built, and which will be of beneflt
to the workers ln the Industry. It
ls essential that the Worker he
maintained, as lt ls the only paper
printed ln the French language
which Is of any use to the workers in the East.
Beaver Cove Lumber and Palp Co,,
Camp 2.
Meeting called to order 6:80
p. m., October 11. Fellow-Worker
Turner elected chairman, and Fellow-Worker Cochrane, secretary.
Minutes of the previous meeting
adopted as read.
Camp committees reported re
fresh fruit and dessert fruit Instead
of pie fruit, stating that the cook
Informed them that he could not
get his orders filled.
Moved and seconded that report
be accepted. Carried.
Moved and seconded, that no
money be paid for bedding until
such time &_ crew wero assured
that same will be laundered, which
must be as follows: Sheets and pillow-slips once a week, all bedding
every three months; also all bedding to bo changed and washed
every time a man quits. Carried.
Hoved and seconded, that a copy
of this demand be placed before
the company. Carried.
Moved and seconded, that If
cook's orders are not filled from
thta date crew will be forced to
take drastic action.  Carried.
Moved and seconded, that meeting stand adjourned until 6:30 next
Monday.  Carried.
Williams Logging Co., Camp a.
This camp is eight miles west of
Deep Harbor ' 'Ich Is the steam-,
boat landing. »_.,jd gas launch carries men from boat landing to
camp. Camps are on floats. Wo
have four bunk houses, cook house
and wash room, with two shower
baths. Single beds In all of the
bunk houses. Eight men to a bunk
house. Old bunk houses are all to
be fixed up and shingled over. Old
cook house Ib already shingled
and otherwise fixed; equipped with
small tables, six to a table. Good
cook and good grub. In cose of accidents the injured is at once taken
to the nearest hospital at Alert
The following request was put to
the company:
That they furnish blankets, pillows, sheets and pillow-cases.
Sheets and pillow-cases and personal washing to be washed once
a week at $1.00 per week.
This they promised to fulfill as
soon as they could get a laundry.
built and fixed up. Also a dry
house was promised.
The camp is 100 per cent, organized.
Prairie Log Oo.
At a meeting held here on October 16th it was decided to have
article inserted ln the Fed, bearing
on conditions In this camp, which
are as follows:
One hundred per cent, organized,
food good and cook good; bath
house; dry room expected within
a week; blankets furnished without
charge, but there ore no sheets. We
go to work on the 50-50 basis.
Bunk houses good. Considering
that this is a small outfit with only
15 men, we think this is as good
if not better than the average camp
on the coast,
Camp 11
At a regular meeting of the L.
& C. W. union In this camp It was
moved and seconded that the delegates send a report of camp conditions to headquarters to be published In the Federationist.
Bunk houses and all other buildings ln fairly good condition, all
single bods for which the company
furnishes the blankets, sheots, pillows and pillow-slips for fifteen
cents per day; sheets and pillowslips are laundered weekly. Tho
board Is good and well put up;
fresh fruit and vegetables always
nn the table; practically alt dishes,
bowls, etc., on the table are earthenware. The camp also has a good
reading room, dry room, wash
room and bath house.
Union meetings held every other
Sunday with all hands tn the union, though most of thom being
rather shy at taking any active part
in tho meetings. The bonus system, which has been in existence in
this camp for over a year, terminated on August 31st, and the camp
Is now running strictly in accordance with O. B. U. requirements.
■> DELEGATE 602.
Thore is an nveriige of 45 men
In this cnmp, which is one hundred
per cent, union. Wo have a good
cook and tho food is good. Tho
bunkhouses are In a fair condition,
all single bunks with steel springs
and mattresses. The company furnishes sheets and blankets, and
dons the men's washing, charging
$1.00 por week for same. We huvo
a bath house with two showers and
a dry houso, The othor sanitary
conditions are In a fair shape.
Meetings aro held every two weeks
and are fairly well attended. A voluntary subscription was taken up
for the Winnipeg strike dependents' fund and a total of $132,12
was collected.
DEL. 713.'
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Camp 7, tthaicn Pulp ft Paper
There are 40 men working here.
Practically all union. Camp mostly
a pulp proposition. Conditions are
good. Free blankets;'shower baths;
all single bunks. The Ordemans
have been cooking here for eight
months. Something of a record
for cookB ln this country. They
can cook.
E. Hell, H1120, communicate
with Coast District offlce Immediately.
P. A. Vlgner, V120; F. G. Powell, James McLaughlin, H. Challon.
dor, K. C. 130; John D. Marr, John
Williams, Alf Malund, M2U, and
E. Johnson, please communicate
with Coast district headquarters,
immediately.    Important.
Dave Massey, Camp 7, wants to
know the whereabouts of Bert
Harkness. Will any one nblo to do
so please forward the Information?
Any ono knowing tho whereabouts of Alex. Weis, last heard of
at KIngsgate, B. C, January, 1910.
Please communicate with his
brother, Joo Wels, Box 82, Prince
George, B. C.
Information desired of Victor
Holckunen, communicate with
Coast District headquarters. Brother John  makes  Inquiries.
J. Strahlinsky and Roy Carnegie
to communicate with the Const
At Mainland Cedar Camp, Port
Neville, on October 23, Axel Ny-
men, working as yarder chaser,
was killed Instantly by a boom-
stick which broke as lt was being
pulled to the tree. Nothing ls
known of his relatives. Any one
able to furnish same, please communicate wtth Const headquarters.
KASLO. n. c.
Rowland ft Waltz Camps
A new company with throe camps
In operation; new buildings almost
completed; wuges 65 conts to 65
cents per hour; nine-hour dny;
bonrd $1.50 per dny; blankets furnished. All day work to bo done
away with from now on, and thc
contract or piece-work system to
bo the rule. If you don't want piece
work, get out of camp. Piece workers hardly making wag$B> Every
train nnd boat bringing In new mon
and taking other mon out who have
failed at their stylo of Jlppo, C. P..
R. doing a splendid passenger business both by train and boat. Logging company shipping men from
coast with understanding that they
can havo day work or piece work.
But thero are plenty of Idle men
here with no day work to be had
at any of the camps. Jlppo Is the
only style left In sight.
MEMBER 4907.
Olve a  little  encouragement  to
our advertlserg>
As an active member ln this
organization, and a union mem'
ber for some years, I am
going to express my views on
the piece-work and bonus system
employed by different companies
and exploiters of Labor in this district The most damnable form of
Labor exploitation known to modern industry. Several old-timers,
and at one time, active unton members, are at the time of writing, engaged ln contract and piece-work
for the Adams River Lumber Co.
at Chase, B. C. What moral standards or conceptions have such
men, where this organization is
concerned, when knowingly they
break the constitution and laws of
their own union. The said members know, or should know, that all
form of contract and piece-work Is
contrary and against the constitution and laws of this organization.
Damn lt, men, are you ever going
to realize that such form of work
will not only break you physically
and mentally, but will also hurt
this organization as well. Not only
that, but by taking on contract
work, you naturally speed up production thereby taking the place of
three or four good men, and while
in this form of work, the men that
you are taking the place or are
beating it around the country looking for a place where they can take
on a few days' work for a fair day's
wage. I want to aak you, will
there be such a camp ln this district or any place for that matter,
lf this form of work keeps up? I'll
say there won't. But now ls the
time to stop It. Fellow workers, In
this organization, set a moral example to your fellow workers, and
not take on this form of work.
Only experienced men can handle
this work, and make It pay, anyway, and by refusing to consider
such form of slavery, you will, In
a very'short space of time, bring
the lumber barons around to the
fact that ln order to get their work
done, they must employ you by the
dny. Fellow workers, are you going to let them beat their time In
this piatter, or are you going to let
them beat yours? Some men do
not seem to realize or to take into
consideration that when they become a member, or are a member
of this organization, or any other
Labor organization for that matter, that there Is a moral standard
a principle to be lived up to. All
the pages of organized Labor' runs
the unwritten law (and to the man
who understands) atronger than
any printed laws ever written. Such
a man is a man with a sincere conception of his own social standing
and a unton man at heart. What
kind of a union man Ib a man
carrying a card In thla organization that will, just as soon as he
At our regular' meeting in camp
here on Monday, October 25, the
deal that was given the delegates of'
the L. W. I. U. to the O. B. U. convention at Port Arthur, came up
for a lengthy discussion, and most
of the members here are in favor
of the stand taken by the delegates. It was also decided that
this camp go on record to head-
quarter's that they at all times have
sufficient funds to pay the per
capita tax, and lf necessary to
make a special assessment for that
purpose. The above Is sanctioned
by the membership here for publication.
Camp 2.
At the regular meeting held on
October 21st, a motion was unanimously adopted for the general secretary to explain why the per capita had not been paid. The motion
to be published In the Fed.
Note by general secretary—The
reason why per capita had not been
paid wns explained In convention
delegates' report published in Fed.
of ctobor 8th, also statement of
Headquarters receipts and expenditure for July, August, September
and October to dote were sent
Headquarters camp and will be
published In the Fed, as soon as
there Is space available.
D. Baker, late of Hidden Creek
mine, Anyox, has compensation
claim No. 65123; Gordon E. Dunbar, late of Red Gap, has claim
No. 60100; A. Ellison, late of Camp
1, Bkookumchuck, claim No. 54811;
Job Taggurt, late of Dorr Siding,
claim No. 56849.
Mobcow—The Commissariat of
Justice Is preparing llBts of prisoners who are to be pardoned when
tho new amnesty proclamation Is
issued as a part of tho celebration
of thc third anniversary of thc Soviet Republic,
gets away from the rest of the boya
ot some place where he Is not very
well known, .take on a little conn
tract for himself? I would say.
that such a man's conception ot
right and wrong where this organization ls concerned, is exceedingly
blunt Indeed, to say the least, and
I want to say right now that ther*
are long numbers of such men .in
this district. In the name of this
organization and organized labor
generally, I aak you what Is to ba
done with such men, for I assure
you it Is not a thing to be treated
lightly, for suoh men are and always will be a disgrace and a black
mark against this organization. I
am, sincerely yours, for organization.
Delegate 2872.
Kamloops, B. C.
Gogama, Ont., Oct 22.
Herewith report of my travel!
for last two weeks. I was ordered
out of some camps and got a rather
cool reception in others, but still I
go on my way rejoicing. I have
only been able to place six delegates so far, It ls hard to make
the workers here realize the necessity of carrying on the organization
work themselves, but with lots of
printed matter and leaflets lt
should be possible to do good work
this winter. I am handicapped by
my Inability to speak French, but
then there are camps where there
are Polish and Fins so an organizer should be a linguist and even
then he would get stuck.
Yahk—A Plague Spot of B. C.
Many monuments have been
erected to the memory, of those
members of the community who
have made their mark and passed
on. Less frequently are they erected by their admiring fellows to
those who are still alive. Most of
us fail to realize that we are all
busily, but ln the majority of cases
unconsciously, engaged In raising
our own monuments. Few gain distinction, either by tho excellence of
their work or the appreciation of
their fellows. Many monuments remain long after the builders ere
In the erection of many an edifice the lives and actions of many
workers are merged so that none
can say this Is mine and that is
thine, and perhaps this Is fortunate,
particularly in those cases where
the results are not such that the
normal person would care to admit responsibility. Such a case ls
the conditions existing In the little
community of Yahk, where, with a
population of 100, thero are five
wide-open "blind" pigs and a
gambling joint Booze and crime is
rampant. Who is responsible? Is
lt the C. P. R., whose tie-camps are
the revenue producers of the locality and which, until very recent
times, deservedly had the reputation of being among the worst tn
the province? Deliberate and open
violation of all laws is practiced. Is
not the C. P. R. a law unto Itself
ln the Dominion of Canada, and do
not its shareholders draw good dividends as a result of the exploitation and degradation of thc timber
beasts who make the ties and spend
the proceeds at the joints ln the
neighborhood? A booze-sodden,
down and out logger Is ln a poor
position to .demand living and
working conditions flt for a human
being, and conformity with the
provincial and union laws.
But powerful and ruthless as are
all the big financial interests this
does not absolve from responsibility those who were elected by the
votes of the people to administer
the laws and have failed to do so.
Therefor the disgraceful state of
affairs at Yahk and at Innumerable
other plague spots in the province,
are monuments to tho criminal Incompetents and political and moral
failure of the premier, attorney-
general, ministers of health and of
labor of this province, and those
Individuals and organizations who
profess to be engaged in the moral
and social uplift of the community.
They are nothing but the embodiment of cant, humbug and hypocrisy. Parasites on a purnsitlo
There is only ono class the law
protects—the ruling class. Might
Is right! There Is only one section
of the community whose welfare-
social and economic—the sycophants of Pnrllnmcnt, press, pulpit
and socinl service, cater to—the
dominant class.
Tho workers of the world have
no protection but tho strength of
their economic organization and
their understanding of the basic
factors governing society. Therefore educate nnd organize. The
Truth shall make you free.
Prince Rupert on account of Caun  $ 43.
Defense  fund  collection  from Cranbrook   11;
Soviet medical fund from Kamloops   6,
O. B. U. buttons sold   18.
Fred Root, balance due   25.
Victoria  District      '.'..""'""'* 10,
Prince Rupert district   200.
Princo George district     t  250.
Kamloops district     *  400.
Cranbrook   district       .....'  288.
Coast district      2,131.
Supplies sold  4.
Sundry  receipts      7.
Balance on hand August 31   671.
Wuges {
Offlce  supplies	
Sundry districts, supplies, etc. 	
B. C. Federationist:    Subscriptions, $874.00; page, $320.00	
Buttons and  folders	
Telegraph account    	
Angel I  Engraving Co	
Convention   expenses   (pnrt)	
Exchange   on   cheques  	
Organizing In  East  •	
Winnipeg O. B. U. Bulletin  $400.00
English  pamphlets         19.80
•Russian papera 81
Books from New York        5.05
...    375.00
..  1,145.85
..  1.11)4.00
..     188.40
..     436.63
Balance on hand September 30
-$   426.66
$4,067.81 PAGE FOUR
/twelfth yeah. no. 45 THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAY .November 6, srza
Published every.Friday morning by The B. 0.
Fedorationist, limited
Offlce:   Room 1, Victoria Block, 312 Fender
Street West
Telopbone Seymour 6871
Sobscribtion Bate,: United States and Foreign,
13.00 per year; Canada, 12.50 per year, J 1.50
for six months; to Unions subscribing in a
body, 16c per member per month.
Unity ot Labor: The Hope of the World
...November S,1920
WHILE elections are good opportunities for carrying on working class
education, they are often the means of
creating misconceptions, and it will not
be amiss at this time to point out just
what   results   can   be
• WHAT gained, and what can-
CAN not bo accomplished, by
THEY DO? electing working class
candidates. No doubt
there are a number who will have the
idea that with a labor or working class
party in power in this province, the millenium would be immediately introduced.
That this is a fallacy will be seen by a
study of thc conditions that prevail in
those places that have Labor governments, and to get a correct parallel with
this province it is necessary to turn to a
country where the political institutions
are similar, and that cojuutry is Australia.
* * •
Queensland has a Labor Government.
Its function is to carry on a capitalistic
government.   It has, however,   enacted
laws that are favorable to the common
people, and which must of necessity be
against the desires of the ruling class.
This may sound somewhat paradoxical to
state that Queensland has a labor government, and at the same time a ruling
class that can rule under those conditions,
but the fact remains that the Labor government of Australia cannot rule unless
the ruling class so desires.   The Queensland government has done much that interferes with profits.   Consequently when
it applied to London for a loan with which
to carry on the business of the country, it
met with opposition.   The loan was not
forthcoming.   Incensed at the opposition
the government went to the people for a
mandate.   This was given by the people,
and still the opposition is maintained, as
the following press despatch will show:
London, Nov. 2.—Queensland, Australia, securities continue  to  show
gcnral   depreciation,   although   the
agent-general a week ago  issued   a
message from Premier Theodore assuring investors that the government
would honor obligations despite what
bad appeared in the press regarding
the confiscatory legislation   of   tha
♦ ♦ *
It is not so very long ago that a labor
delegation waiting on the Premier of this
province was told that legislation that
was asked for on behalf of labor would
cost money, and that if too much of this
type of legislation was enacted it would
affect thc financial position of the province. Queensland's experience bears out
the truth of the Premier's statement, and
it also bears out the contention of one of
the delegates when he said, "then the
government is in the hands of the financial
interests," and to which statement the
Premier objected. Yet the fact remains
that a Labor government could no more
carry on capitalistic government with
benefit to the working class than can the
present administration. About all that
Labor members could do would be to insist that the laws on the statue book be
carried out, and carry on opposition to the
activities of the government against the
working elass.
• • *
We shall most likely be aeeuscd of attempting to throw cold water on the
Labor Party campaign by making the
above statements, but that does not concern us. The truth must be told at election times just as on other occasions. The
' fallacies that remain in men's minds are
all that stop them from understanding
thcir position in society, and our mission
is to remove these mixconceptions. The
truth of the matter is that it is not governments that are wrong or bad, but that
the system under which they operate is
pernicious and ohe that exists on human
slavery, consequently until that system is
abolished the evils that arise out of it will
remain and thc electing of labor men will
not bring the emancipation of the working
class. That can only be done by the workers when they understand the cause of
thcir misery, and education along with
conditions ready for a change will bring
THE 0. B. U. has received much help
since it was formed, and thc latest
friend is the Western LaborrNews, which
recently published a good portion of an
editorial from the Federationist dealing
with the ideas and in-
80ME8EOBETS tent of those that
ABE were at thc formation
BEVEALED of tho 0. B. U. Natur
ally wc are grateful
for any assistance, even though it be from
a sheet that is backing the reactionary
A. F. of L. and its affiliated organizations.
Of course it must bo understood that the
Western Labor News had no intention of
giving aid and comfort to the enemy, so
it cannot bc accused of traitorous actions.
But sometimes the enemy does more for
the opponents than misguided friends, nnd
this would appear to be the case in this
*      ■   ♦ *
Having suitably expressed our gratitude for tho valuable assistance rendered
by the Western Labor News, some attention to the editorial comments in the Win-
"iut'g paper, on our presentation of the
case of thc 0. B. U., is essential. And tho
following comment of the Western Labor
News will show the necessity of a little
"This is the cold truth clearly and
lucidly expressed. There are several
conclusions which follow from it of
necessity. Onco admit the truth of
the Federationist's statement and
there can be no argument about them.
They must be admitted as true.
"One of these is that nine-tenths
..of the propaganda*oratory and literature used to advance the 0. B. U. in
Winnipeg is either dishonest or ignorant of its true basis and purpose.
"Another is that the 0. B. U. is
mainly dependent upon the Lumber
Workers, Miners and Railroad Shopmen where industrial unionism is a
fact. The 0. B. U. is not an absorbent
of these industrial unions, it is a parasite living on them, devouring their
vitals and paralyzing their energies
either to benefit their own members
or the Labor cause in general. According to the Federationist, no man
can be a true membor of the 0. B. U.
without abjuring craft and industrial
unionism. Why then does the Federationist compromise with industrial
unionism in its own columns by having a separate department for a particular industry? There are scores of
questions which could be asked and
which cannot be answered if this very
frank statement of the Federationist
be accepted as truly descriptive of tjie
true essence and purpose of the
0. B. U."
* * *
We hate to give any secrets away, but
after having read the foregoing, we feel
compelled to inform the Western Labor
News that the Lumber Workers, Miners,
and Bailroad Shopmen referred to, are
members of the 0. B. U. and consequently
a part of it. We trust, however, that this
information will not be widely scattered
by our friends in Winnipeg, as the information is given out for their benefit alone.
Having pointed this out, we desire to sayj
that the only time we have heard of an
organism living on itself was in the case
of a hunger striker, who for the time ber
ing lives on the vitality that was taken
On prior to the cessation of eating, but
which soon ceases to provide the necessary
sustaining power. Wc might also add
that an organism is dependent on all its
component parts, and we cannot conceive
of an orange, for instance, living on its
skin, or even the pips which it contains.
As to why we compromise with industrial
unionism, well vie are compelled to accept
things as they are and not as we would
like them, and while the Lumberworkers'
is a separate unit, yet at the same time
it is a component part of the whole of
the 0. B. U., and we cannot see wjiere the
compromise takes place, and would suggest to our friends that the organism
that has within itself some peculiar characteristics, is not in any way compromising, but is the victim of circumstances.
We are unable to give any answer to the
scores of unasked questions, but having
given away the secret that the 0. B. U.
is composed of its component parts, we
trust that this will shed a little more
light in the editorial sanctum of the
Western Labor News, and if we have done
that, these words will not have been
penned in vain.
On various occasions we have had som«-
thing to say about the corruption in the
International unions. We have, however,
never taken the position that it was on the
part of the rank and file, but rather that
the officialdom built upon these organizations was responsible for the manipulations. Recent investigations into the aetivities of the Building Trades Council of
New York have shown corruption and
treachery that we could hardly conceive
of, the New York Nation, commenting on
the scandal, has thc following to say:
Organized labor can only benefit by
the thorough exposure of the scandal
in the building trade in New York,
for organized labor has suffered too.
long from the flag-waving and super-
patriotic yet gratifying type of labor
leader.   There  has bcen no labor
group in New York moro solidly hostile to innovation, more bitterly anti-
Socialist, anti-Bolshevist, pro-German
and pro-Tammany than the very men
who have now been discovered in cahoots with their own employers, calling strikes and calling off strikes for
blackmail, robbing their own workers
as well as the public.   Mr. Samuel
Untcrmyer, counsel for the Lockwood
investigation committee, and the New
York World, which made the preliminary investigation, are to bc congratulated upon thcir service to the public. Mr. Palmer's agents had investigated the alleged building combine
before, bat without result; now Mr.
Untermycr nncovers an amazing card
index system which has effectively
eliminated   competitive   bidding
among   building   contractors,   kept
prices artificially high, and seriously
discouraged building; and he finds
leaders of organized labor working
hand in hand with these contractors,
sharing.thc profits of conscienceless
profiteering. The investigation cannot go too far; such housecleaning is
a healthy thing; it will do labor good.
for constitutional preachers to set to.private employers, for the employing class
is very prone to adopt discriminatory tactics, and we shall soon hear of employ ors
firing any employee who dares to take
the political field on behalf of the tyfok-
ing class. The workers may be slow to
learn, but there is one certainty and that
is if they are denied the constitutional methods, they will take other means of securing their ends. The management of the
C. N. R. and the government had better
wake up to the fact that they are playing
a dangerous game. .'<"'
Naturally we are opposed to the capitalistic press. Not, however, beeause of
pure cussedness, but because of its stultifying effect on the working class, by the
lies that it circulates. There are, however, degrees of rottenness in the capitalistic pross, and when we read of poor
innocent Russians, ano other workers being arrested for sedition and other offences against the state, we cannot conceive how it is that newspapers which
are published in the United States, such
as the Hearst papers, which on every
occasion not only attack Great Britain,
but this country, can get by, unless it is
as we have stated in previous issues, that
Canada is ruled from Wall Street. Our
"patriotic" friends are requested-to note
the patriotism of thc Canadian government, which allows thc entrance of these
papers, and at the same time remember
that a British subject born outside of
Canada can be deported without trial,
and innocent foreigners are ordered deported.
At a meeting of press representatives
recently held in Chicago, The Federationist was under discussion, and it was
stated that The B. C. Federationist was
the best paper on the American continent. We do not care to blow, but are
at all times willing to accept a compliment. At any rate, we will try and live
up to the reputation that we have
achieved by diligent work in the interest
of the working class. Of course we do
not expect that the capitalistic press in
this city will bo at all pleased to know
that we stand out pre-eminently in the
newspaper world, but when the workers
arc ready we are willing to give them a
daily paper of equal quality to the weekly ediiton, but they must be prepared to
pay for it.
In those strenuous days during the war
when men who espoused the working class
cause needed courage, there were many
who ran to cover. Two "labor" men
have been selected in Victoria to run
in the provincial elections. They are J.
Dakers and Tom Dooley. Both of these
individuals opposed the running of a
Labor candidate in the last Dominion election, when courage was essential. Evidently there are still some workers in
Victoria who have not yet discovered
what is necessary for the working class
Oh, what a conglomeration. Labor mis-
representers, Soldier, Farmer, Liberal
Conservative, and heavens only knows
what other types of candidates will be in
the field in thc coming elections, and all
aspiring to save the dear people. Naturally those that want sume one else to
save them will get all that is coming to
them, and the slave that votes for something that he wants and does not get it, is
wiser than the one that votes for some onc
to save him that is unablo to save himself.
Fr'om all parts of the wdrld
where the capitalist system of production prevails comes news of vast
curtailment and stoppage of Industrial activity, and consequently,
unemployment and dire dlstresss
amongst the wage working class. .
Do you see this as among the
effects which arise from society's
industrial appartus being owned
and controlled by business men for
business purposes not connected
with social Well being?
Ar'e you sure your ideas are correct as to the causes of the poverty
of the working olass, the class
which produces the wealth of the
Do you know what economlo dominion means?
Do you know that the technology of production ls knnowledge
In possession of society aa a whole
and not in that of any one individual or set of Individuals, and ls a
product of ages of economio and
social development?
Do you know that this knowledge can only become effective by
use of land with Its natural resources and Industrial apparatus, such
as buildings, tools, mechanical and
chemical appliances, etc., through
the mediation of labor'?
Do you know that ownership of
the land and the industrial apparatus by the capitals! class has thus
resulted in them cornering or monopolizing to themselves society's
knowledge of the arts of production?
These are questions and others
like them come ln for considers-^
tlon, and explanation in the science
of economics and the study of historic development.
To acquire the ability to explhln
to your' fellow-workers auch questions, attend the freo educational
classes of the Socialist party of
Canada, 401 Pender street east (See
ad.). Watch out for commencement date of beginners' economic
A mind that ls not an open mind,
a mind that ls closed to new Ideas
and unprepared to relinquish old
ones and readjust and reorganize
Its conceptions upon new bases in
conformity wtth new facts and conditions of life as they appear out
of the endless sequences of the
social process Is a mind tbat is in
its gr'ave despite that its bodily envelope may still cumber the earth.
And now It Is learned that the
tom-tom drum ls a Valuable aid to
Labor exploiters ln Hayti. Laborers move about their work in unison with the regular beats of the
tom-tom players, who accelerate
their movements in accordance
with the measure of speed desired
by the employer.
Correspondents are requested to
double space their oopy ln order
that corrections, eto,, can be easily
Next Week
A Musical Offering De Luxe
 Other Big Features	
Opposition by the Seamen's Tin-
ion proved strong enough to provent tlio utilizing of Jap seamen on
the Australian coast. The Australian seamen are determined that
they will resist to the end any attempt to "undercut the decent wage
rates and conditions they have won
an a result of recent strikes.
Where is your Union button?
Phont Seymou 1491
The Gripping Drama
"Within the Law"
Featuring Edith Elliott
0. J. Mengel
Writes all classes of Insurance,
Representing only first-class
Board companies. If Insurance
ls wanted, write or phone Sey.
bttlce   address,- S08-9 -Winch
Building, Vancouver, B. O.
Labor and Socialist
can be obtained at
Corner {fastings and Columbia
Mall Ordera   Promptly
Attended to
S. P. OF 0., 401 FENDER ST. E.
Economic class every Sunday afternoon, commencing at
3 o'clock.
History elass every Thursday evening, commencing at
8 o'clock.
An Elementary Economic Class for beginners will be
commenced shortly.
Those classes are of paramount interest and necessity to
the working class, and are conducted and assisted by
thoroughly competent instructors.
Everything is now alright. Idoyd
George is intending to stay in power for
another two or three years. Harding has
been elected as president of the United
States ,and in Canada we have Premier
Meighen and Senator Robertson, so wc
can let the rest of the world go by. That
is unless those pesky workers take it into
thoir heads to resent unemployment, and
continued exploitation when they are fortunate enough to have a job.
Now watch the full dinner pail in the
U. S. A. Unprecedented prosperity will
be tho lot of the workers. Wc don't think.
In fact, we expect to see a general closing
down of industry throughout tlie American Continent, Canada included. Hurrah
ye slaves, what does it matter to you who
rules you, whether it be the Democratic
or Republican wing of the ruling class.
The defeat of thc labor candidates in
the municipal elections in the old land
was brought about by a combination of
thc employing class interests. Instead of it
being a defeat it is a victory for labor as
the workers have driven the opposition
into one camp and that makes the issue
all the clearer.
A correspondent has asked for information aB to how the Vancouver plumbers
voted on the qnestion of severing their
affiliation with the International when the
0. B. U. was being formed. The vote
was 89 for and 87 against, according to
the official returns.
Thoso who have the most to say about
constitutional methods, evidently do not
intend that the workers shull use them.
The State Assembly of New York has
twice unseated five of the elected representatives of thc people, for the crime of
beinj? Socialists. Now we have the C. N.
R, adopting an arbitrary attitude towards
its employees who are labor candidates.
The Canadian Northern Railroad is a national concern, the government may try
to get from under by such "apologies"
as have been mado by the minister of labor, who passed' the buck to tho management of the road, but the faot remains
that behind it all the government is responsible. It is not a very good example
In view of the large number of unemployed in this province, the Minister of
Immigration might inform us how it is so
many Asiatics are getting by the immigra
tion authorities.
IT'S. THE dollara spent  unnecessarily that hurt
Why pay mora when you can, tn Walker & Robinson's Olothei, f«t all-wool fabrics styled and
built to satisfy tho most exacting taate?
Publlo recognition of the values we are giving this
fall has been evidenced by the response , we are glad
to say, exceeding our   most   optimistic
hopes.   You'll be pleased with the value
we offer In our Hand-built Suits at	
The slaves of the United States have
changed "their" presidont, but they will
continue to be exploited by the ruling
Mayor Gale states that coal can be sold
in Vancouver for less than present prices,
and advocates a municipal coal yard. In
thc same breath he states he did not blame
tho local dealers. As a fefice artist,
"Handsome" Harry has them all faded.
The B. C. Electric Railway Co. wisheB
its "patrons" to suggest improvements to
the "service." Might we suggest that a
little service would be in order.
We Appreciate .
Your Business
If you are out of the city and require anything in our
line a letter to us will get you the information you require.
Free Delivery to any part of the Province.
Men's Overcoats—Special
Men's   Ribbed   Combination!,
$3,00, 11.60, 10.50
Men's Mackinaw Coat Special    Stan field's Brown Underwear,
$1540 Black Label, 110,00 suit
Cam all-wool FanU 110.00 OVERALLS OF ALL KINDS
(I consider these pants bet- RUBBER   BOOTS   OF   ALL
ter than Mackinaw, both for SHAPES
wear and water.) '
■ Our etock of Work Gloves
Men'a Heavy  Ribbed  Under- Is the best and   cheapest   la
wear. 94.00 suit Vancouver,
Fleeced Wool Underwear,
10.00 suit.
Bob   Long's   Horsehide   Rig-
glng Gloves, (3.00
18 and 20 Oordova Street
444 Main Street
DIAMONDS that range in size from tlie
sparkling solitaire, impressive In weight
and quality, to tbe smaller variety that only
attain the dimensions of a pin-point.
Your inspection of the magnificent stock
on view ln our Diamond Hoom doea not entail any obligation to buy,
Juit as Diamonds may be a hobby of many
of our patrons, so, too, it has long been with
Your purchase may be something you have
deferred for the time, or, on' the other hand,
you may be seeking some particular size or
form of stone at the present moment.
In any event, we feel our Diamond display
will amply repay you for your visit.
"Tlio House of Diamonds"
At Corner Fender
Excellent quality, perfect
fitting, correct articulation, pleasing appearance,
skilled attention, featurea
of dentistry at
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Dental Art I'arlors
805 GranvUle Street
Open evenings between 8 and 0
_ o'clock.
Oor. llQfaic.fi, Over Owl Drag Store
Phone Seymonr 5238
Stanley Steam
Taxi Co.
(Old time lumberjack)
Prompt Service Fine Oar
334 Abbott St     Vancouver
Phono Sey. 8877-8878
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Get the
Love Habit!
BEDS, Etc., at cost. Our stock
It Big .and so ara our Bargains. Watoh our Auction
Snaps. Furniture Bought and
Love & Co.
Phona Seymonr 3745
Berlin — The   Halle correspondent of the Herald writes that th* j
split In the ranke of the Oerman |
Independent Socialists le now definite,   The minority group clalnu
th* right to control the party oft'
ganization and funds.
OHlo. Hears:  lo to 11 e.m., I te I
PM.   Evenings:  7 to ■ p.m. lbr
My, Wedneaday .nd Friday.
Phone Ity. «176.
Dr. Willard Coates
Chiropractor ud Drujl.n Physician
(Successor to Br. John Gr»y)
30-Sl-M P. Burns Bid*. IS Hsstiags
,_     St, w., Vancouver, B. 0.
(Between Pantagea The.tr. uid B. 0.
E. B. Station)
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Phone Sey. 221     Day or Night
531 Homer St. Vancouver, B. C.
1160 Qeotgla BUaat
floodoj oerrioM, 11 »jb. ud T.80 pj*.
Sandoy ichool DamsdUtelj followlai
nornlni eervlee. Wedneidiy testlmoilH
meetini, I p.m, ties reoAlni nam,
901908   Blrka   Bldg.
Matinee 2:80
 _ 8:20
Ring np Phone Seymour UN
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suite 301 Dominion Building
Unioa nmelala. wilt, for prloia.  We
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Fnnerale of Dignity at Tttt
Falrview: Office and Chapel,
2318 Oranvllle Street
Phone Bay 1200.
North Vancouver: Office and
Chapel, 122 Sixth St. W.
Phone N. V. 12«.
Mount Pleasant:   Office and
Chapel, 2128 Main St
Phon* Fairmont 61.
16 Hastings st E.
Pitnaia* Thou Whs Patronise Teal
IT li an enormous talk today ftr
manufacturers ef telephone oqalp-
.">•"' lo maintain an .d.qnat. sat
Pot. They in any behind In thalr
ordara, owing to ehortage of wot*.™,
raw material!, lneflclent transportation and other censes. Ia the meantime, Centrnl la supplying aerrloe with
th. meana st lu dlipoaal. She la
working harder thu uu. realising
that tha Ml.ph.aa I. . ,„.l taeSi
in aoelel and bulnaaa Ute. T. her
belongs th. credit et assuming greater
bnrdeaa beams, at shortage nf equipment. When yoa telephone, think sf
ha aal what she la doing.
Britiih Cohabit Telephoned).
M.F. EBY.B.A..M.E.
Swedish Message, Badlant Heat eai
Electrical Tre.tn.att ef all klnda.
Phont Bty 87701.  Houra 1 to I i_e
Bwainit.     '
090 BROADWAY Will (Cor. Oik)
tak. Belt Ida. Cu
Don't Be a Drudge!
La Salle Extension University
(Home Study) offers yon the
chance you need for complete
training In Traffic Management
Higher Accountancy, Salesmanship and other Spccinl course*
thnt mean Higher Salaries.
Either sex. Any ago. Convenient terms. Write or call for literature. District offlce:
Phone Sey. 17SS
	 FRIDAT.— .November B, 1920
twelfth tear. no. 4s    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST      Vancouver, b. c.
For the next ten days we are offering our highest priced overcoats at great reductions to clear.
See Windows for These
Special line English Slip-on Rain Coats, values
$13.50 to clear. There are 100 a— r\r_
of these;'all sizes  ... tp/.S/b
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
Men's and Boys' Clothiers
2 Stores
309 HASTINGS W.        623 GRANVILLE ST.
Mr. George and the Constitution
The German locomotive works
cartel (trust) haa made a contract
with the Soviet government to supply locomotives to the value of
$150,000,000 to Russia. The money
will be deposited by Russia ln a
neutral country. Qermany will use
lt to pay for goods she wishes to
Moscow—The city conference of
trade unton delegates in Krasnoy-
ars, early this month, attracted 107
delegates representing 15,000 trade
unions. The convention bore the
evidence of the great development
of the trade union movement In
Sanitarium Ltd.
Fifteenth Floor Standard
Bank—Oor. of Hastinga
and Bioharda
Fhonea Seymour 603;
Highland 2134-L
We have treated successfully    what    others
have diagnosed aa
and a host of other so-
called ailments.
Campbell River. B. C,
December 18, Ull.
The least I can eay It yen
have delivered me from a Hv-
lng death. X (eel Juit fine,
never was more flt In tny life.
No more sleeplessness. Can
sloep and eat better than
ever. Work Is no bother to
me now. The rheumatism ls
all gone. Will call to see you
next time I am ln town. •
Youn truly,
This man called on the
Kth October, IMO, and Is
stIU in the pink of condition,
and never had a recurrence
of any of his previous conditions,
We Teach You How
To Keep Well
News   Despatches   Are
Again Branded as Being
Deliberate Lies
On September 3 a cable dispatch,
prominently displayed In a New
York newspapor, from Milan told
how "Soviet Russia has sprung an
unwelcome surprise on Italy ln Its
flrst eagerly awaited consignment
of grain." The atory went on to
recount how, out of 4,000 tons of
grain brought from Odessa to Na'
pies, 2,300 tons had boen found ln
such an advanced stage of putrefaction that the regular dockers re<
fused to handle lt and special ganpj
had to be engaged for the work
by extra Inducements.
Furthermore it was asserted that
the Italian sanitary authorities had
condemned all but 700 tons of four-
year old wheat and that, even that
had been found full of dirt, rags,
old cartridges, etc.
From a report just received from
Rome by the New York Vllkssel-
tung, It appears that this Milan dispatch was merely the echo of a
violent campaign of Blander and
lies started by the bourgeois Italian
press as* soon as the Fletro Calvl
(the ship carrying the Russian
grain) arrived at Naples, with the
obvious Intent of discrediting the
Soviet authorities and discouraging
the Italian workers who were looking to Russia as the probable source
of food supplies that would help
make Italy independent .of England
and the United States.
Representatives In Italy of the
"Centrosojus," the Association, of
All-Russian Co-operatives. Immediately went to Naples to Investigate
the situation, but could flnd no one
who had personally seen any of
the rotten grain or the various
foreign objects alleged to have been
discovered In It
The port officials ln charge of
the unloading merely 'asserted that
the evidence had been thrown into
the sea. On the other hand, the
officers and crew of the Pletro Calvl
declared that' there had arrived in
excellent condition 2,311 tons of
barley, Ttt tons of wheat and 713
tons of corn, and that only about
seven tons of barley had been damaged by water. Tha worst things
that could be said about the grain
was that some of it really was several years old.
Donations to Slocan Strike Fund.
Ronald Orant, Kaslo, B. C,
(20.00. The following was donated
by the men working at Walton
Camp, Arrow Park, B. C; James
MacAdams, fl.00; O. A. Ford,
15.00; 8. Draper, (E.OO; Ray Harlock, fl.00; Joe Jenney, Sl.00;
John Wohm, 11.00; Peter Paul,
$1.00; C. Samulkson, (2.00; Pete
Kowatduk, $2.4o; A. B. Irvine,
$1.00; A. S. Maokinnon, $2.00; E.
J. Collins, $1.00; W. A. McVlcar,
fl.00; A. 8. Allison, fl.00; J.
Mauchllne,   fl.00—total   f26.00.
The following was donated by
the men working at the Yankle
Olrl Mine, Ymlr, B. C: W. J.
Scorgle, |5.00; Tom Campo, .2.00;
R. C. Swing, f2.00; W. Shewchuk,
ff.00; V. Mandoll. fl.00; Leslie
Mclnnis, fl.00; J. Ryan, fl.00; B.
Torsion, fl.00; B. Lorant, f2.00;
B. Delpra, fl.00; J. Wilson, fl.00;
Nels Peterson, fl.00; C. Oster,
fl.00; J. Hendertckson, fl.00;
Jack Blaln, fl.00; T. A. Norberg,
fl.00; A. O. Brown, fl.00—total
Prague.—The Karlsbad congress
of the German Social-Democratic
party of Csecho-Blovakla, which
has 40 members in the Czech parliament, haa rejected affiliation
with the Third International by 293
to 144 votes. A resolution was
adopted, however, condemning the
Czech government's orientation to<
ward France, and demanding a
close economic co-operation with
Soviet Russia, Germany and Aus-
SINCE Voltaire and Montannieu
focussed the attention of
Europe upon the House ot
Commons, no other legislative assembly has received a praise so universal or so continuous. Nor, until
some fifteen years ago, was that
eulogy undeserved. No one can
read the debates upon the Reform
Bill ot 1832, the discussions of foreign polioy under Gladstone and
Disraeli, the speeches on Home
Rule ln the later eighties, without
a sense that the mind and will of
the nation was not unsplendldly represented there. But a change has
come over the House of Commons
to which too little attention has
been paid. It ls not merely that lt
Is so overwhelmed with business
that few subjects are discussed and
no subject discussed with adequacy. It is not merely that the
bonds of discipline have been so
tightened as to make the private
member, ln Burke's contemptuous
phrase, "a weather-cock on the top
ot the edifice." It might with some
reason be argued that theae are the
inevitable results ,of our transition
from a state mainly concerned with
the preservation of order to a state
engaged tn a vaster and far more
positive enterprise,
What is far more Important ls
the way. ln which the position of
Parliament has altered relative to
the problem with whloh the nation
ls mainly concerned. It ls too Uttle
realized that we are engaged ln
making a revolution; or, rather, we
are concerned with the conquest of
positions whioh, lf they cannot be
won by peace, may be attained at
the cost of civil war. What ls
broadly termed tha capitalist system has largely broken down; and
the adjustment of Industrial organ-
lzation to the demands of Laber,
conscious at last ot lta Inherent
Btrength, has become the main
question of the hour. Nor ls that
all. The problem ot colonial relationships, as with Ireland and India and Egypt, was never more
acute; the problem of International
relationships, the steering of some
safe path between the extreme reaction of France and the reckless
experlmentallsm ot Russia, was
never more Intricate. To none of
these questions has the House of
Commons anything ot value to contribute. Upon Industrial questions
It has mainly grumbled at the burden of the Excess Profits Tax; upon
the new status demanded by Labor
it has no word ot Intelligent assistance to..offer. Upon Ireland It has
merely upheld the worst excesses
of the worst government of modern
times. Upon India, though lt passed a somewhat stunted edition of
the Montagu roforms, it tempered
that accidental generosity by a
passionate approval of General
Dyer's brutality. Upon Russia lt
has never held any opinion save the
emotion of bewildered amazement;
and when, on the threshold of the
Polish adventure In July of this
year, lt was granted a supreme opportunity to vindicate Its character,
it stood Idly by while an assembly
of trade unionists spoke that clear
sense of the nation which Gladstone
and even Lord Palmerston would
have declared to an eager people
trom the Treasury bench.
The House of Commons Is thus
lamentably unequal to Its functions
at a time when lt Is elected by the
largest constituency In Its history.
It Is, Indeed, upon this basis that
Its performances are mainly defended. "The nation," so we are
told, "ls governed by the Parliament of Its choice; and until that
Parliament ls rejected at the polls
no other body of men has the same
clear "'Thl to Interpret the national
opinion." An answer to this argument might proceed upon several
grounds. It might insist that a
Parliament elected ln the deluded
enthusiasm of victory is no Index to
the mind of peace; and lt might
point tb the numerical monstrosities of our electoral system aa an
obvious method of evading the national purpose.
But lt ls from a deeper ohannel
that the stream of delusion takes Its
rise. In appearance, the House of
Commons represents groups of men
who live together, broadly speaking, without reference to the special
occupations in whioh they are engaged. In theory, that ls to say, the
House Is an attempt to express the
common civic consciousness rather
than some private Interest or special privilege. In actual fact, It can
make no shadow of pretence to the
objective distinction such expression would Imply. Beneath the
cloak of geographical structure it
ls easy to discern the appearance of
vocatlonalism. The House of Commons is a mirror of the national
mind only as tempered by the special Interests which secure representation there.
A simple table will make this
clear. In the House of Commons
of January, 1020, the following economlo Interests were represented
Landowners ....—.—...—.lit
Insurance Directors ....._... (1
Coal Directors ...-  17
Shipping Dlreetors ....._ 10
Textile Manufacturer!  11
Army Officers ........._......._. 5*
Doctors —. 10
When through with this paper,
ass ltea.
The One Big Union
Published by the Winnipeg Central labor Oonneil
Bead the News from the Prairie Metropolis
Subscription price $2.00 per year; $1.00 for six months
Address all communications with respect to subs and advts., to
1IARKV WIIXCOCKS, Business Manager, Rohlln Hotel, Adelaide Street, Winnipeg, Man. Communications to Editor should
be addressed to J. HOUSTON, same address.
General Manufacturer! .
Bank Directors ..............
Oil Directors .—...........
Lawyers ......
Brewers - 	
Naval Officers -.-.
Labor Members .
.„ as
... 4
« 10
... 13
... 65
This table, indeed, does less than
justice to the situation; tor a member of Parliament may be a director of half-a-dozen companies of a
similar nature, and yet appear only
once in each Item of the table. Nor
does tt at all fully display the affiliations of which the House may
make boast. There are no less
than 158 members who, by birth or
marriage or personal position, possess, or are related to persons with,
hereditary titles; and this, be It
noted, does not Include the members of those "county families" who
are "of" our aristocracy, even
though an actual title be lacking.
Oxford and Cambridge send 188
members between them to the
House; and they are but few who
can, without ample moans,«be educated there. The public schools, ln
the nnrrow senso of that term, have
148 representatives; and of these
Eton and Harrow contribute not
less than 1)3. It ls needless to point
out that our public schools are not
maintained for tho education of the
poor; and it thus becomes 'moossl-
ble to avoid the conclusion that the
House, despite tha broad bottom
from which Its powers are derived,
ls, In reality, the representative of
an intricately connected pluto-arls-
tocraoy, the power of Labor being
submerged before the flowing tide
wtth which Property, in its various
forms, protects itself.
And the nature of that protection
needs the most vivid emphasis tt
can be given. It is unimportant how
the director of an Insurance company gets Into the House of Commons; when he is there he repre-
sents Insurance, and we can be certain that he wilt protect the Interests of insurance, companies
against, for example, the kind of
system evolved by Congress to protect the Interests of American soldiers and sailors. If we desired to
mitigate some .of the grosser evils
of our legal system, there would
be 102 of its representatives to
equate the status quo with the fundamental principles of nature. If
we were anxious to soften the harsh
angles of our landed system, Its
representatives are there in power
to defend it. To answer that Labor
has its representatives Is clear'
answer at all; for so long as a very
limited number of landholders can
summon twice the power of six million trade unionists—quite apart
from the unorganized millions of
workers—the existing anomaly Is
clearly Intensified. Our Parliament
Is, broadly speaking, a Parliament
of Capital and Land, not a Parliament of Labor. If we look to the
Navy, we do not hear the voice of
the lower deck, If we are anxious
about Uie thought of the Army,
there Is only the channel of commissioned officers through whom lt
can be found. The railways speak
not through the consumers of their
services nor the desires of their
servants, but through the highly
specialized voice of their directors,
who, as our recent experience has
demonstrated, are not without ability to take thought for their private
concerns. The representation of insurance or mines or banks may be
out of view ot constitutional law.
Theoretically, lt may be fortuitous;
practically, it Is predominant And
it Is practical predominance which
determines the character of legislation.
But the power of property does
not cease with the House of Commons. The day has long passed
when the House of Lords was too
well-bred for trade. The' modern
peer has gone into the city; and the
city has erected a formidable rampart In the Upper Chamber. The
House of Lords is usually thought
of as essentially a territorial assembly. That ts largely true; but the
following table suggests that the
Lords are Interested ln other forms
ot capital besides land:—
Number of Lawyers In the
House of Lords   28
Insurance Directors   94
Bank Directors  68
Coal Directors  29
Oil Directors „.  ll
Shipping Directors  33
Railroad Directors  62
Brewers   11
Textile Manufacturers   10
Other Mercantile Interests.. 84
There la a certain solidity about
these figures. This power is not derived from the polling-booth even
at first remove, as with the House
of Commons; but it ls a substantial
power. A noble lord who Is a director of a coal company will find
It difficult to sympathize with the
miners lf Lord Galnford tells him
that such sympathy is disastrous to
mining finance; and lf a bill for the
nationalization of mines came be-
fore the House of Lords, he would
have the opportunity to express his
feelings In the most practical form.
And here is to be found the secret of the character of the modern
legislative assembly. We are seeking to establish the foundations ot
a new social order through instruments whose aptness is to tho defence of the old. We are asking
men who enjoy enormous antecedent opportunities voluntarily to
deprive themselves of their handicap In the race for power. It is an
impossible request. There are,
doubtless, occasional Individuals
who can see with clearness what ls
the public Intorest, and deliberately
prefer lt to their own; there are
even occasional members of Parliament who can make that choice.
But when we deal with a class of
men as a class, it ls Inevitable that
they should equate their private
good with the publlo welfare and
translate It Into term's of legislation,
The result ls apparent in the
preeent character of our publio
transactions. Labor does not agitate ln the House of Commons, for
the simple reason that It Is unnatural to expeot attention here. A
speech by Mr, Smillie, backed by
he threat of a strike, will command
attention from the Prime Minister,
where a speech by Mr. Hartshorn
in the House of Commons will
merely secure the oblivion ot two
lines of neat summary ln the next
day's Times. The Prime Minister
does .not trouble to attend the
House, for the simple reason that
the real decisions ara not taken
there. He has his majority; and he
knows the unstated but clear
sumptions upon whloh that majority can be held together. With that
knowledge clearly In mind, he can
bargain with groups of Interests
outside and use the House of Commons as a convenient vehicle of
registration. Occasionally, indeed,
an ardent soul like Captain Wedg-
wood Benn, mindful of past traditions, wtll angrily complain; but
there will be no one save an assistant-secretary on the Treasury
Bench to listen, and the assistant-
secretary knows well enough that
the complaint has been an empty
formula these fifteen years.
Economic power, said Harrington
nearly three hundred years ago, ls
the true lever of political power.
That Is the key to our present discontents. We speak of the mischief
of party control as exercised by an
omnipotent Cabinet. We watch unreal debates, we see questions unanswered, we notice bills passed
without a word of discussion. Humane causes like the Plumage BUI
are sacrificed to the demand of a
single powerful interest. It ls noteworthy that in an average division
only 242 out of 710 mombors will
vote; and most of them wilt ' be
summoned by an elaborate systom
which enables tbem to record their
decision without tho bothor of
hearing argument.    For the truth
surely Is that argument is out of
place. The general lines of polloy
have already been laid down by the
power before whloh even the
Cabinet ls powerless. Occasionally.
as With the Coal Mines Commission
Act, there will be concession to prevent a disaster In whloh the fortunes of property would themselves
be Involved. But the concession is
always occasional and never continuous; and its results do not per-
meat polloy as a whole.
And this can only mean that the
decline of the House of Commons
ls derived from Its absolute unfitness' to oope with an epoch of drastic change. It Is meant, aa an institution, to defend the paat, not to
build he future. Its business men
are not there to make possible great
social schemes by means of a capital levy. Its coal directors are not
there to discover the path to nationalization of mines. Its shipping
directors are not there to evolve
conditions of life for their seamen
whloh would make our ships something better than the worst of our
slums. At every point, that Is to
say, where fundamental change is
needed, the House of Commons, reinforced by the House of Lords, ls,
by its nature, destined to prevent
that change. It may make minor
concessions; tt cannot concede the
large issues. It makes not for social Justice, but for the preservation of existing Inequalities.
It ls fifty years since Bagehot,
ln a memorable passage ln his
"English Constitution," advised the
landowners in the Lords to make
common cause with the plutocracy
against the oncoming torrent of
universal suffrage. It was a needless warning. The condition of a
universal suffrage that would work
Is an adequate educational system;
and that system would make impossible the continuance of capitalism on its present terms.   In the
Solidarity of Workers Has
Produced Many Labor
(By Robert Haperman, Mexican
a Staff Correspondent of the Fed-
"erated Freai.)
MEXICO CITY.—Strikes are atlll
the order of the day. The police
strike In Guadalajara and that In
Fuebla, two et tht largest pities In
the republic, show how far tht
spirit of organisation hat reached.
Of general strikes we get onlr
promises. As soon 'as the storm
signal goea up, tht bosses pull In
the Balls, and the worker win hands
down. Wa have had two sueh
promises within tht last two weeks.
In Metepec Fuebla, where the seoond largest textile factories ln Mexico are situated, one hundred and
twenty leaders were discharged and
put on the black list ln order to
destroy the union. They were however offered the three months pay
require^ by the constitution. A
strike was Immediately declared for
tht reinstatement of the discharged
President de la Huerta sent down
result, the present order remains
secure, but secure upon tht edge
of an abyss. It mar declare flnt
principles. It mar offer small sacrifices. Tht main lines of the future are outside the compass of ltt
calculations. That is why the centre of political Importance has passed outside the House of Commons.
It will not return there, until some
great calamity compels *us to the
revivification of our Institutional
In the Nation.
investigators who advised the workers to accept the three months', pay,
and offered them free railroad
passes to some other place of work.
The union, hy unanimous referendum, refused the offer and decided
to remain on strike. It sent'out demands for funds. De la Huerta
subscribed fourteen thousand pesos
immediately, to bt spent for corn
and beans.
Demanda for moral help wen
sent out, and the Confederation Regional Obrera issued a circular to
the four hundred unions advising
them to prepare for • general
Btrike. This would have tied up the
whole of Mexico and paralysed Industrial life, completely, u all
transport workers belong to the
Confederation. The strike wat Immediately settled, the workers
winning all ther asked for, besides
a speolal fund ot five thousand pesos to start a co-operative fund, for
which ther bad not asked.
Tht other case was that of tht
Street Railway workers of Mexico
City. The union gave the customary ten days' notice of ttrike, It being a Public Service Corporation.
Gaica, tht shoemaker governor of
tht Federal District, was appointed by the workers as their arbitrator. Meanwhile the Federation dt
Slndlcatos del Dlstrito Federal (the
Mexico City representative of tht
National Confederation) ordered
all tht unions on strlkt on tht dar
the ten-day period expired.
Tht strike wat won and with It
all that the workers asked for: Recognition of tht union, IB ptr cent
raise of pay, free medical service,
and that the company deal with the
men only through the unloil representative, never directly.
Tbe price of copies cil Pritchard's addrens to the Jnrr, Dixon's
address. and the history of tha
Winnipeg mrlke hat been reduced
to 10 cts. per copr. Tbe Winnipeg
dofense committee Is alto Issuing
Defense Fund Stamps, tht prioe of
which Is 25 cents each.
Where ls your Union button?
Encouragement Sent ta
British Miners by Fe*
eration of Labor
By Robert M. Back
(Special   Correepondent   for   Ike
Federated Pratt)
Oalesburg, lit—The Illlatle
State Federation of Labor, at Hi
llth annual convention, adopted ■
resolution almost Identical with
tbat which the Chicago Federation
tt Labor addressed to tht A. a*, ef
L., uklng tkat a conference et
lebof In the United Statea bt oalled
to takt effective steps to block participation br our govtrnmtnt IB
wars to put down tht government
•of Russia. Tht resolution wee
adopted unanimously, although (ke
resolutions committee report wee
against lt
A cable WH unt te tht British
Mlntrf Federation, en stalk* as
"Tht Illinois State Federation et
Labor, representing a naif million
organised workers. Including I0.0M
cosl minora, In ltt llth annual convention assembled, sends greeting
and encouragement to tbt Brltlth
miners in thtlr struggle. Tht spirit
and determination of tht British
mlnen carries hopt and InsptrattM
to tht labor movement In ell lands.
Is then anything we can do tt
The other outstanding features tf
tht convontion were a speech ea
tht polltloal situation br Preside*
John H. Walker, candidate for gor*
trnor; a portrayal of Britlah atrocities tn ladle ln a tpstck by Tartk-
nath Das, a Hindu, followed br the
adoption of resolutions supporting
India'! struggle tor freedom; reaffirmation of tht tndorsemtnt el
the Farmer-Labor Partr.
This Province can't live on outside
money for ever. We must become
stronger from within.
Each Conservative Candidate is
pledged to a policy of sound progressive legislation.
"I pledge myself
to keep faith wtth
the people who voted
In the ihajofftr on
the referendum. We
will, lf returned to
Moderation BOI
whloh will appeal to
ell the people of thie
Provinoe, w 11 h o n I
catering to the ex-
If, I
—To "encourage the development of the steel industry and shipbuilding."        .
—To an economic plan that makes it easy for men
to go on cleared land. (This will be self-supporting.)
—To a policy of sharing taxes with municipalities to
help them finance. (The Province is not entitled to
all the automobile, amusement and similar taxes.)
—To a policy of road construction that brings the
newly settled parts of the province into direct com-
munication with the centres of population.
—To base the taxation on the output of our natural
resources and from those in receipt of large incomes
' beyond the power of an individual's capacity.
If this common sense method of Government
appeals to ybu
twelfth year, no. <5 THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. e
FRIDAY November 6, 1920
Will Hold
Any Article
You Desire
fa* Drinking Glasses of
IiIaCC thin'    clear    brown
VllaOO glass—the kind you
enjoy drinking from.    Very specially
priced, six for "7R#»
only _  I OC
*_a o Dinner Set ln most
I  KinO attractive pale blue
\/IIIlH» violets    and    green
leaf free decoration.    This Is a most
appealing    pattern.      Very    special.
Piece set
Millar & Coe
Headquarters for Cliinu and Toys
419 Hastings West     Phone Sey. 475
Johannesburg, Transvaal—Pat-
lick Duncan, leader of the Transvaal Unionists and formerly a prominent official under the Milner
regime, foreshadows an agreement
between the Unionists and the party
led by General Smuts. The main
object of the agreement wtll be to
flght the Republcan Nationalists
and the Socialists.
Chicago. — The Brotherhood of
Painters, Decorators and Paper-
hangers of America, the tenth largest union In the American Federation of Labor, has come out for
Independent political action and
hae endorsed the Farmer-Labor
party. This action was decided by
a referendum of the membership
of thc organization.
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for one year's labtcriptiOQ to The
B. C. Federitioniit. will be milled to
•ny addreu In Canada for $22.50
(Oood anywhere outsido of Vaneoaver
city.) Ordnr ten today. Remit wheniold.
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—Preildent, J. M. Clarko;
vlce-pruldent, K. W. Hitler; aeoretary
3 O. Smith; treuurer, A. S. Wells;
■ergeant-atarins, E. Home; truitoei,
Carr, Vanrubien, Sicverwrlght and Midgley. Meeta Srd Wednesday each month
In the Pender Hall, comer of Pender and
Howe itreeti.   Phone Sey. 291.	
America, Local No. 178—Meeting! held
flrat Monday in each month, 8 p.m. Prei*
Ident, A. R. Gatenby; vice-president, D.
Laws on; recording secretary, C. McDonald, P. 0. Box 603; financial secre-
tary, T. Templeton, P. O. Box SOB
cil—Meets    second    Monday    In   the
month.    President, J. F. McConnell: seo-
retary, R. H. Neelanda. P. 0. Box ""
Lumber Indnatry (oamp snd mill)
meet witb fellow workera In that indnatry. Organise into, the Lumber Workera
Industrial Union of the 0. B. U. Headquarters, 61 Cordova Bt. W., Vanconver.
Phone Sey. 7856.	
0. B. U.—President, B. W. Hstley;
iecretary, J. G. Smith. Meets 1st Wednesday in each month ln Pender Hall,
cor. of Pender and Howe streets. Phone
Sey.   291.
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
-Meets A. O. P. Hall, Mount Pleasant
1st and Brd Mondays at 10.16 a.m. and i
pjn. President, R. Rigby; recording
secretary, F. E. Griffla, 447—6th Avenue
East; treuurer, F. rtidaway; inanelal
secretary and business agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4808 Dumfries Street; office corner
Prior sod Main Sta. Phone fair. 3804 R.
ployees, Local 26—Meets every seeond
Wednesday in the month it 2:80 p.m.
and every fourth Wednesday in tho month
ai 8:80 p.m. President, John Cummlngs,
secret -y and business agent, A. Oraham.
Office and meeting hall, 441 Seymour St.
¥.. Phone Sey. 1681. Office hours, 8
s.m. to fl p.n. .
Association, Local 38-52—Office and
hall, 162 Cordova St. W. Meets flrst
and third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-
treasurer, F. Chapman; business agent,
B. Riehirds.
ers' Union—Meets 2nd ind 4th Fridays, 205 Labor Temple. President, W.
Wilson, 2289 Granville Btreet; secretary.
E. T. Kelly, 1860 Hutings St. E.; recording-secretary, L. Holdsworth, 689—
14th St. W., North Vancouver.
dustrial Unit of the One BIk Union—
An Industrial onion of all workers In logging and construction camps. Coast District and Genoral Headquarters, 61 Cordova St. W., Vancouver, B. 0. Phone Sey.
7856. E. Winch, general secretary-
treasurer; legal advisers, McEr.rn. Biro,
Macdonald k Co., Vancouver, B. C; auditors, Messrs. Buttar U Chlene, Vancouver, B. 0.
the 0. B. U. meet in their union hall
at Rooms 8 and 4 Empire Hotel, 76 Hastings East, flrst and third Wednesday in
the month. President V. Owens: vice-
president, D. Carlln: aeeretary. Earl King.
Phone Sey. 6696.	
Lumbor Industry, organise into the L.
W. I. U. of the 0. B. U. MiUwork-
an, branches meet as follows:
Ttteouver—Lumber Workers' headquartera, 61 Cordova Bt. W. Every Monday
lew 'Weatmlnater—Ubor Hall, cor. Royal
Ave. and 7th St. 2nd and 4th Wednesdays at 8 p.m. _, „,
Fruer Mills—Old Moving Picture Theatre. MailtardvUli. 2nd »nd 4th Thursday, 8 p.m.
Fort Moody—Orange Hill, 2nd Friday,
every month, at 6 p.m.
•ra' Unit of tha One Big Union, Metal-
Uferoti Miners—Vancouver, B. 0., head-
fuutera, 61 Cordova Street West. All
workers engaged In this Industry iro
urged to Join the Union before going on
lha Job. Don't wait to ba organised, but
organise yourself.
North America (Vincouver and vicinity)—Branch meets second ind fourth
Mondays, Room 204 Labor Temple. Pi __.
deat, Wm.. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave. North
Vanoouver; financial iecretary, E. God-
dird, 166 Richards Street; recording secretary, J. D. Russell, 928 Commercial
DHve.    Phona Hij.h. 2204R.
•n Bridgemen, Derrickmen and Riggcn.
•f Vanoouver and vicinity. Me«<ta every
Monday, S p.m., in 0. B. U. Hal), 604
fonder St. WV Preaident, T. L. Hewitt;
flaanelal iecretary md Inmlneil tgent, E.
Home. Phone, Seymour 2P1.	
on—You need tho Oamp Workers of
Eour Industry. They neod you. Organiser
.gather ln tho 0. B. U. Indutsrlal Unit
of your occupation. Delegatea on overy
lob, or write tho District Headquarters,
61 Cordova St. W., Vancouver. Entrance
too, <1.00; monthly does, fl.00.
Futenera, I.L.A* Local Union 181,
larlea a—Meata tho 2nd and 4th Fridays
of tho month, Labor Temple, 6 p.m.
Pmldent, William Maylor; «naneial aeo-
gotary and business agent, U. Phelps:
corresponding aeeretary, W. Loa, OBce,
Room 207 Labor Temple.
Meets last Sunday of eaeh month at
2 p.m. President, A. E. Robb; vice-
president, 0. H. Collier; secretary-treasurer,  R. H. Neelands,  Box 66.
Provincial Unions
and Labor Council—Meeta flrat and
third Wednesdays, Knights • ot Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, it 8 p.m. President, A. C. Pike; vice-president, C. E.
Copeland; secretary-treasurer, E. B.
Woodward, P, 0, Box 302, Victoria, B.C.
VICTORIA   LOCAL  UNIT,   0.   B.   U.™
Meets first and third Friday each month
at 1424 Government Street.   Third Friday
open forum.    Secretary, E. Wateraon.
bor Council—Meets second and fourth
Tuesdays of each month, In Carpenters'
Hall. President, S. D. McDonald; vice-
president, A. Ellis; secretary, Goo. Wad-
df 11,  Box 273,  Prince Rnpert,  B. Q.
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Meots every Tuesday in tho Mclntyre Hall at 8 p.m. Meetings open to all 0, B. U. members. Secretary-treasurer, N. Booth, Box 917
Prince  Rupert.  B.  C.
V. 8. Farmera Have to Practically
Givo Away AH Cotton Grown
This Year
Oklahoma City,—Southern cotton
growers forced to sell their crop
at half the coat of production because of the decline In foreign demands could dispose of over 760,000
bales of this year's crop to Soviet
Russia were it not for the block
ade maintained by the Allies and
for the state department policy
which prevents cable and postal
communication between Russia and
the United States and restricts
travel and the transfer ot funds to
this country.
This fact Is disclosed ln correspondence between Ludwig Martens, Soviet representative In the
United States, and Edwin Ncwdtck,
managing editor of the Oklahoma
The Case of the Rev. Felix Clairview
Where ls your union button?
Dr. DeVan's French Pills
A reliable Regulating Pill for Women, $5
a box. Sold at all Drug Stores, or mailed
to any address on receipt of price. Tha
Scobell Ong Co., St. Catherines, Ontario.
Restores Vim and Vitality; for Nerve and
Brain; increases "gray matter;" a Tonic
—will build you up. fa a box, or two for
$5, at drug stores, or by mall aa receipt
of price. The Scobell Drag Oo,, Bt. Catharines, Ontario.
Ballard's Furniture Store
Phona Soy. 2137
Wa alwayi carry In atoek a good
selection of dining-room, parlor, kitchen and bedroom furniture, also
linoleum and medium priced carpet
squares, rugs, ate. Wo can savo you
money as wo ara out of tho high rent
(By Nemesis)
THE Rev. Felix Clairview sat
In his small study evidently In deep and anxious thought.
His hands were clasped tightly before him, and his gaze was fixed
upon the floor; for an hour' or
more he had sat tfiuB. He had
scarcely moved. Though writing
materials were spread on the table
by his side, not one word had he
written. Some question of moment was occupying his mind, and
It seemed as if he were in the
throes of a great mental struggle.
At times his expressive face was
stern and hard; then lt would
weaken Into Irresolution, which
quickly changed into contempt as
lf ln disgust at his own weakness.
A small timepiece chimed the
He rose suddenly and stood upon
the hearthrug and his face was
again hard and resolute. He stood
for a few moments gazing Btruight
before him, and then he quickly
crossed tho floor, and quietly opening the door of an adjoining room,
passed ln.
The streak of light from his
study fell across a child'B cot in
which a chubby boy of some three
years was soundly sleeping. He
stood and looked thoughtfully at
his sleeping child for some minutes; then he re-entered his study
and his face had again weakened
Into Irresolution.
He began pacing up and down
the small room, his hands elapsed
and the varying expressions on his
flne face Indicated the severity of
the struggle wtihln him.
Suddenly he stopped, and kneeling down before his study chair,
he covered his face with his hands
and remained quite motionless for
some minutes In silent prayer.
When he arose his face was very
pale, but set with the deep resolve
which no thought of self-Interest
could shake or fear of the Inevitable cause to waver'.
He sat down at the table and
uttered aloud the brief prayer,
"Olve me the strength, O Lord, and
forgive the selfish weakness which
came nigh to overcoming me," He
commenced to write rapidly and
continued for some time. When
he had finished he arranged the
manuscripts carefully and after'
reading it over,  looked   it In  his
The sun was streaming through
the stained windows of the fashionable church of St. Jeremiah, as
the worshippers on that particular
Sunday morning were r'apldly filling up the softly-cuBhioned pews.
Decorously nnd solemnly they
walked'.up the aisles and pompously took their seats, and bowed
their heads In the customary saintly fashion.
The women were richly and
fashionably, If not becomingly, at
tired, arid most of them were stout
and all were comfortingly assured
of their own indispeneablllty In the
scheme of things. The men were
faultlessly garbed ln the customary Sunday fashion of the rioh,
and all were sleek and fat.
As a beauty show it would have
been somewhat of a disappointment. Ab a cattle show It would
have puzzled any conscientious
judge to whom to award the prizes,
so uniformly well-clothed, piously
smug, self-satisfied and adlposely
tissued were each and all of them.
Till this particular Sunday morning, a dull peace had reigned over
the congregation of St. Jeremiah.
The" pastor, the Rev. Felix .Clali*-
vlew, was very eloquent and his
extempore discourses had tickled
their ears ln pleasant fashion without disturbing in any way the even,
selfish current of their lives, and
they paid him well to minister thus
to their shady souls, nearly as well
Indeed as they paid their plumbers
to minister to their leaky spouts,
and. they mildly boasted of their
generosity In this respect.
As the Rev. Felix entered the
pulpit and commenced the servioe, many noticed the unusual
pallor of his face, and that he
placed a sheaf of manuscripts by
the side of his prayer book, which
he had never done before, and
they wondered.
When the time came for the delivering of the sermon, and the
usual shuffling of bodies Into comfortable positions had subsided, the
pastor placed his manuscirpts before him on the open Bible and
read as follows:
"My dear brethren and fellow
sinners. In some remote period of
the world's development, the breath
of life was breathed into the Inanimate clay, and In the course of
time, man appeared. Many generations of men have come and gone
since then, for the span of man's
ephemeral life Is but as the shadows that pass across the meadows,
when vernal showers are softening
and enriching the soil.
"Yet though our life period Is
so short, lt Is undoubtedly long
enough, If properly utilized, for
the purpose for' which It'was designed. Tes, surely as a period of
probation it ls ample, short though
It be.
"Tet, as I look at the faces before me, alive arid conscious, I
shudder to think that ln a very
short period of time, they will have
passed from life—and from the
eternal archives of the Cosmos will
be scratched out forever tf thnt
period of probation has not been
properly and logically utilized.
"Ages ago, when things appeared
to be in a state of hopeless chaos,
when the hissing, fiery vapors swept
and swirled over the tumultuous
bosom of the molten earth, the
eternal laws of God were silently
and persistently at work ln the
seeming wreckage and slowly, Imperceptibly, out of the confusion,
emerged the earth as we know It—
the earth beautiful, wtth Its snowcapped hills, Its fertilizing waters,
Its dew-drenched, sun-warmed, prolific soils, its ever moving ocean of
life-sustaining air, and its arching
vault of transparent blue, Ohl the
marvel and the mystery of itl The
glory of itt The unrecorded, unimaginable time of lt, and above aU,
the logic of lt!
"Out of molten chaos came order, came life and finally sentient,
self-conscious man and Inexplicable
mystery, with man, sin and sorrow.
"And here, my brethren, I am
going to aak you a question, and
I want each of yot to endeavor
to answer lt satisfactorily to him
self ln his Inner consciousness.
"Can you for ft moment think
that those long ages of preparation
—those long ages of the working
of the mighty and mysterious laws
through which evolved our rich
prolific earth, endowed with ^'marvellous beauty, filled with every
necessity for the life of man, and
supplemented with many coxnforts
—can you, I say, for a moment,
think that that earth was designed
for merely a small portion of mankind, Buch as we find now in possession Of It? *'\4
"I say no, a thousand times, no!
The earth was Burely made for all,
and the purloining of tt by the
few has resulted In the want, the
misery, the foul diseases, the hat-
fed and the slavery we flnd in the
world today.
"Thoae presumptuous few have,
by theis power of their ownership,
enslaved their brother men, co-inheritors wtth themselves of all the
earth has to give; they have forced
trfem to the plow, the mine, the
foer'st and the mill, and they have
taken the products of their brothers' labor—the things produced
from the soil, and molded from
the yield of mountain vein and
have revelled In their soul-destroying luxuries, while allowing thcir
toiling brothers but a bare subsistence and leaving them when
bent with age and weakened by
Infirmities, to hopeless poverty and
bare want,
"They have made laws and invented false moralities to secure
themeslves tn thcir immoral position. They have stolen the earth,
yet they have made it a criminal
offence for their* brothers to steal
back an lnflniteslmally small fraction of It. They have built dungeons and Invented tortures to
combat the Inevitable reactions to
their Injustices, and the result, my
brethren, ls all that you can see
for yourselves. If your Insolent
pride and glutted senses have not
blinded you to the plain facts
ar'ound you, strife and misery, physical deterioration, mental decay
and moral wreckage.
"I repeat, O ye worshippers of
Mammon, ye mere babblers of the
Divine truth, revealed by the crucified Christ, that the owning few
revel In the riches of the earth,
and vie with each other In a vulgar and revolting display of their
wealth; the non-owing multitudes
toll and produce and receive only
the bare necessities of life, the
bulk of the products of their labors
remaining ln the hands of their
masters and today those labpr'ers
are tramping the str'eets in their
millions vainly asking for the privilege of producing more luxuries
for those masters that they themselves may merely eat and live.
Thus ls the great fundaifiGtnal,
eternal law of the mighty Creator
broken and disregarded, ana-'Instead of peace and plenty, dwelling in every land of our prolific
earth, we have greed and hatred,
war and want which are tl^e ...inevitable reactions to that broken
"My brethren, many whose eyes
are opening to all this rey'Mtrng
anarchy are asking themselves today: 'Is there no remedy; is tlu're
no way to right the wrong? t&lunt
the world of men flounder on
through deepening misery and under every blackening skies to the
final and logical crisis, the world
wide clashing of the classes?'
"And many can see no ray of
hope. Your religions have failed
to bring peace and justice on earth;
your' philosophies have accomplished nothing; your psuctlo-civUl-
zations have accentuated the Injustices and Intensified the hatreds,
and the miseries; all the palliatives
you have employed have not touch
ed the root of thc disease, for they
were not designed to that end, being but mere sticking-plasters, on
sores, running from Internal corruptions.
"Your prayer's, 'Thy Kingdom
come,' and 'deliver us from evil,
have not prevailed for they have
been but mere meaningless puffs
of feeble breath from your mouths.
"But, my brethren, there is a
remedy, and one alone. The great
moral law must be established on
earth—the law of love. And this
was the message the ChrlBt brought
to the world, then as now, suffering
fr'om the effects of that broken
"But I ask, can that law be established in a world glutted with
greed and mad with the Iust-hun
ger for' man's dominion over man?
And whero robbery and injustice
have been legalized by human laws
which are enforced by the civil
forces of all nations behind which
also stand vast armies, with all
their hellish engines of destruction?   'Can It?' I ask?
"Yes, my brethren, lt can and
will be established, though centuries are yet to roll, ere the great,
glad day breaks for the human
"I see already the flrst, faint
glimmerings of that great dawn.
The weary slave masses of the
earth have borne their miseries,
liko poor dumb beasts of burden,
because their minds have been
clouded by their masters' w.lles,
and they understood not.      nr. i
"But the truth now Is dawning
upon them, and they are rising anil
demanding an equal share of
God's great gift to all mankind,
the earth with all Its treasures and
blessings; they are clamoring for
their stolen Inheritance of -freedom; they are hungering for, the
blessings of that unselfish labor
which ta performed for the good
of all.
"And the earth owners andtftelr
selfish satellites are gnashing thoir
teeth, and trembling in their rage
and preparing for the slaughter,
for they see the masses of the nations holding out the hand qf fet?
lowshlp and help to each tyther;
they foresee the future worldrunl-
ty of the workers, and they know
that universal joining, that unified
world- thought, must bring their
own dethronement. And they
gnash their teeth because, blinded
by their greed, they cannot see It
would bring to them also true
peace and happiness,
"May God bring the great day
speedily for man to discover the
secret underlying his existence, and
to develop to his ultimate destiny
must be In perfect harmony with
the Cosmos—his physical being ln
harmony with the physical laws;
hts mofal being In harmony with
the natural ethical laws which are
distinct from the varying man-
made moralities, and which work
aa persistently and aa ruthlessly as
the physical laws.
"Under the present world rcrime
Workers Are More Than
Axious to Put Down
(By Laurence Todd)
Staff Correspondent for the Federated Press
Washington — Three elements
are today working actively to
bring about world-wide disarmament as the only guaranty of world
peace, Mrs, Pethick Lawrence,
English suffragist and anti-militarist, told a meeting of the National Women's Party here. These
elements are the organized workers, Lhe organized women, and the
youth of all nations, which now
repudiates the traditions which
brought on the disasters of the late
After a tour of American cities,
which began with a single Invitation to speak ln New York, the
famous English woman finds the
women of the United States keenly
alive to the danger of another period of militarism and eager to Join
In the movement centering ln the
Women's International League,
which has been formed in England,
Belgium, Germany, Austria and
other coutrles to make . future
wars impossible. In Chicago, Milwaukee, Cincinnati, Boston and
Washington her message has been
welcomed by large audiences of
women who have joined the American organization, headed by Mrs.
Henry Villard of New York, and
known as the Women's Peace Society. Its programme Is "Immediate and univerasl disarmament,
abolition of mob violence, and free
tr'ade the world over."
"My purpose Is to urge upon the
women of America, and later ln
turn upon the women of the other
nations, the need for orgalnzed refusal to sanction war or armament
henceforth. Womon, acting with
youth and with the workers, can
prevent thc further killing of men
for political ends."
Of the anti-war spirit In Central
Europe, Mrs. Lawrence stated that
80,000 young men In Austria refused to take up arms ln the late
war, and that after executing 15,
000 of them, the government gave
up and permitted the rest to do
far'm work. She quoted BrltlBh
soldiers as describing how German
soldiers sometimes marched upon
British bayonets, singing, with
hands clasped, their guns thrown
away. The British discovered that
these were anti-war protestants,
who went to death rather than lift
a. rifle. Upon this tragic background ts traced the rise of the
intense anti-war feeling of the
European masses today. They ask,
not for a league of powers, but
for immediate and universal disarmament—a definite moral act.
Reply to Premier Meighen on Soldier
Settlement and Civil Re-establishment
Tisdalls Limited-.
Mission of International Lalmr Offlce Incapable of Forming Unbiased Judgment
(By the Federated Press)
New York.—The workers' republic of Russia hns barred the mission
of Inquiry which the International
Labor office, formed by the League
of Nations, with Albert Thomn3 of
Frnnce, director, proposed to send
into Soviet Russia.
Explaining this stnnd of Russia,
Ludwig C. A. K. Marions, Soviet
representative In the United Stntes,
gave as thc reasons for the barring
of the fact that tho mission,
In the opinion of the Soviet government, is, absolutely hostile to
Russia and incapable of forming
judgments from Impressions of conditions as they actually are..
all Is inharmonious ahd chaotllc.
"May God bring the great day
speedily that the angel of peace
may reign over the whole earth,
and the humun races may. join in
tho joyous chorus: 'No longer need
we pray, Thy kingdom come,1 and
'Deliver us from evil,' for our abode
has been put ln order. We have
cast from us our delusions arid
justice and sanity shnll reign forever.    Amen nnd amen."
Wben the Rev, Felix loft the
vestry, whero he had lingered some
little time in earnest prayer, he
found that all his parishioners had
Thero was only one working man
there, who approached him and
said: "That was a true Bermon you
preached, Mr. Parson, but you'll
get lt ln the neck alright."
The Rev. Felix shook the man's
hand, remarking simply: "Yes, my
friend, I shall get lt ln the neck."
Tho next morning there waa a
gathering of the richest and most
Influential (therefore the most honored ) of the prlde-lnflated and
physically expansive Individuals,
who made up the congregation of
St. Jeremiah.
It was an angry gathering, so
angry indeed that they had eaat
off their garb of piety and disregarded their social and akin-deep
veneer of refinement, A red-faced
major who owned aa much of the
earth's surface as would have kept
a hundred families ln comfort, and
who disported a row of butchery
buttons on his waistcoat, seemed to
be the leader.
"Well," said the major. "What
are we going to do?"
"Do? Why, ruin the fool,"
squealed a very stout woman in a
shrill voice.
"Fool, say you " shouted a fat
man with a huge watch chain and
several diamonds gleaming on his
podgy fingers. "I say ft blaspheming thief of a dog."
"A damned Bolshevist," bawled
the major fiercely, banging the
table with his red flrst.
Here let me kindly draw a curtain over the scene. Since that day
tho Rev. Felix haa played many
parts ln life's drama; on tha docka
where the laborers load and unload the great ships for their maa
ters; In the logging camps; in mill
and factory; on farm and ranch;
out he Is happier than ever he
was In his life before, for aa he ls
fond of saying, he Is a proletarian
and among those who ultimately
will crown the spirit of love as
king of one untversul kingdom of
(By J. E. Armlshaw, J.P..)
Sayward, V. I.
During the recent visit of Premier Meighen the Grand Army of
United Veterans submitted a number of questions to the premier
and at the meeting in the Allen
theatre Mr, Meighen was supposed to have answered these questions, but this he did not do, as
he only answered part of the questions which wer'e submitted to him.
The questions which he failed
to answer were:
1. Are you in favor of an Investigation being held into the
workings of the S. S. B. and the
S. -C. R. with special reference to
the cost of administration?
2. Why is it that returned soldier settlerB are denied the right
to appeal to the Exchequor court
of Canada against the decisions of
the officials of the S. S. B.? Did
he consider this good constitutional practice?
Now, why did not the premier
answer these questions and why
did he not refer to them? Because
I say that he knows if we are given the opportunity of a public investigation we shall prove our case,
and I say Mr. Meighen showed
great weakness as the premier of
thia country in not dealing with
these questions, and I would like
to ask why Ib It that the public
press ia not In favor of publishing articles of criticism on the administration of the S. S. B. and
the S. C. R. The Grand Army of
United Veterans prepared a short
reply to the preriiier and this was
given to the press of this city for
publication, but It never appeared
In print. Again I ask the question
why? and leave the readers of
this article to give the answer.
At a mass meeting held by the
Grand Army In this city some time
ago a statement was made on the
platform quoting, a statement of
Captain Brown, superintendent of
the S. S. B. in Vancouver. The
statement reported was that $0 per
cent of the men who had taken up
poultry farming had failed, some
three weeks after the above meeting Captain Brown replied in t
lengthy article which appeared in
one of the daily papers In this city
denying this statement. A reply
was prepared and was presented to
this paper for publication but this
reply was not given the same space
that was accorded Captain Brown.
Lost week a committee of students
again attacked this statement that
80 per cent of the men had failed
in (very strong language). Wo
again tried to reply but was told
by ons of the staff of the newspaper in question that they had de-
elded to can this question. So much
for the freedom of the press. _>
I shall now deal with the reply
given by the premier to some of the
questions which he replied to. He
was asked, What did it cost per settler to administer thc S. S. B.? His
reply was that the total cost was
from flOO to $150 per settler. I
challenge correctness of the premier's reply, and In support
of my statement I quote the
statement and figures as given
out by Mr. C. W. Cavers, director
of information, for the S. S. B. in
Canada, this statement was published throughout Canada and appeared in the October issue of the
Campaigner; this statement was a
report of the S, S. B.'s work in
B. C. for the first year. The report
states that 2094 settlers were settled by the board in B. C. The total outlay was $8,096,028. Out of
this they had paid in the purchase
of land, livestock, equipment and
Improvements and In removing incumbrances on land 16,200,636.
Now deduct this amount- from the
$8,090,028, and you have $1,8.96,-
393. Now this amount must have
been spent in administration expenses. You have only to divide
this $1,895,393 between the 2094
settlers and you nave tho amount
per settler, which figures out at
uver $900 per settler, or over
four times the amount quoted by
Premier Meighen, and to this large
outlay must be added the cost of
the students who had taken up
courses ln the S. C. R, and later
took up land through the S. S. B.
and I claim if these figures apply
to B. C. the same will apply
throughout Canada.
In reply to the questions on the
S. C. R. as to the numbor of failures, the premier stated that 80 per
cent of the students succeeded and
remained with their positions; I
say that from information gathered throughout Canada and from local conditions thnt this statement
of the premier's is not correct and
in support of this I quote from a
Toronto paper of October 6th last,
which, in a lengthy semi-editorial,
discussing the success of the S, C.
R., stated that $50,000,000 had been
spent In the training of students
and that only 80 per cent of the
returned men hold their positions
and continues that thousands who
were trained locally, that Is Toronto, were not following their vocations. This statement was not denied and those who are interested
in these re-establis'hment questions
know that conditions are not what
they ahould be, notwithstanding the
satements of the Rt. Honorable
Arthur Meighen, and X aay that nothing but a rigid equlry will disclose what Is said to be a tremendous waste of public monies involved In the failure to re-establish the
returned men through the medium
of the S. S. B. and the S. C. R.
I desire at this time to make
some comment on an article which
appeared in the Dally Province of
October 29th, under the heading,
"New Land Brought Into Cultivation." This article was evidently
written by an official of the S. S.
B. The writer of this glowing account, aftor calling attention to the
dismal procrastinations of certain
prophets of evil continues, that the
outstanding fact of the record of
the S. S. B. ln the Vancouver area
ls that no less than 4,885 acres of
new land has been brought under
cultivation and further states that
this amount of land Includes heavily timbered lands, logged-off lands,
bush, scrub and stump lands. Now
let us analyze this Btatement. In
the statement the board states that
lt has 1,287 settlers In the Vancouver district and central B. C. and
as previously reported by the board
only 80 of these settlers are located ln central B. C, this leaves 1167
settlers who have taken up land
near Vancouver or in other words
tn the timber belt'. Now divide this
4,885 acres between tha 1237 set-j Empress
tiers and It gives approximately
four acres of new land cleared off
by each settler, and In dealing with
this question we must not forget
that a large number of settlers have
left thetr holdings and those who
are in close touch with this question know that hundreds of settlers
have not cleaned dp any land. This
would bring up the average to six
acres per settler or even more.
Now, aa one who.knows the amount
of work and the time it takes to
clear an acre of land on this coast
and also knowing the conditions
which the S. S. B. compel the settlers to work under, i.e., that they
are not allowed to purchase any
machinery through the board to assist them in clearing the lands, not
even a Wee McGregor saw, I say
that knowing these things I doubt
the correctness of this glowing account and like the man from Missouri, I want to see, and lf the
board can show this 4886 acres of
now land under cultivation I shall
be the flrst one to give them credit
for the work done. Tho writer of
the account goes on to state that
the large amount of livestock the
settlers have purchased and states
that much of this stock was imported from the outside. I maintain
that the S. S. B, has not materially
increased production in B. C, but
an Investigation may disclose that
production has been decreased,
through the fact that the large majority of the lands purchased by
the board were producing and going
concerns and were owned by practical farmers but tn many cases the
board replaced theBe practical
farmers by Inexperienced men. I
know whereof I speak and lf I
could take the space could give
many concrete examples. Speaking
to a prominent business man of
Vancouver recently who had Just
returned from a shooting trip
through the Chilllwack and Agas
sis districts, he stated that the conditions existing among the returned soldier settlers were deplorable
tn the extreme. Let me give one
example: In a district not far front
Vancouver there are some seven
soldier settlers, in charge of these
settlers during the past summer up
to a few days ago was one of the'
board's field supervisors, who, I am
Informed, was being paid a salary
of $250 a month and expenses. In
this settlement there are living at.
the present in a small building, 16
persons, 11 children and five adults.
These are settlers under the S. S.
B. The men were passed by the!
board as farmers; the facts are;
that they were not farmers and had4
no experience in agricultural work,1
Among these men is one man who]
ls a student in the S. C. R„ who is:
supposed to be taking a course In'
agriculture under the training of]
the men just previously referred to.]
This group of settlers have no land,
in cultivation; they were supplied!
with a good herd of dairy cowsj
which previously produced for thej
Vancouver market thousands of
pounds of butter. This season they
produced nothing and the stock It
being sold at a great loss. I say
let the government face thla Issue
fairly. Let an Investigation be held
and let the public know the truth
and if it is proven that the S. S. B-
and the S. C. R. are not proving i
success put a stop to the waste 01
the public money, and If the invest
igatlon proves that the S. S. B. an*
the S. C. R. are a success it will pu
an end to the great deal of dlssat
lafaction which exists at the pres
ent time.
Birmingham, Ala.—The militar]
of this state haa been placed ii
charge of the coal mining distrlc
to preserve peace and order. Thi
commanding officer, Gen. Stelner
haa issued an order whereby al
public or mass meetings ln thi
mining district must be dlscontlnu
ed and freedom of speech has beei
denied the mine workers and thi
public by this order. No martla
law has been declared.
Patronize Federationist Advertiser
Hera They An, Indmed for Tim
Mr. Union Man, Out This Ont aid Olve It to tool tttto
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Rooms)	
-618 Hastings Street Wort
..Eastings Street Eait
Boots and Shoes
Inglodew Shoo Storo  .666 Oranvillo Street!
Johnston's Big Shoe House .-. 409 Hastings W.
Pierre Paris 64 Hastings Street Wert
Wm. Diek Ltd  i .Hastings Street Eait
Vancouver Co-operative  41 Pender Street West
MacLachlan-Taylor Company 63 Cordova Street West
Cornett Bros. & Ciarke ; ....56 Hastings Street West
Boot Factory
Christie Boot Factory .....r. 61 Cordova Street Weat
Chiropractors and Drugless Healers
Dr. Willard Coates 80-32 Burns Bldg., 18 Hastings Street West
Downle Sanitarium, Ltd ..16th Floor Standard Bank Bldf.
Dr. Lee Holder ....74 Folrileld Building
Dr. Edgar W. Mooro 403-405 Carter Cotton Bldf.
Dr. Hi Walton 310-311 Carter Cotton Bldg, 193 Hastings St. W.
Ray 233 Keefer Street
Clothing and Men's Outfitting
Arnold ft Quigley „_._._.   ._ 546 Granville Street
Clumans, Ltd 163 Hastings Street West
Clubb A Stewart 309-315 Hastingi Street'Wut
B. O. Outfitting Co : 342 Hastings Street Weit
B. C. Tailoring Co  342 Hastings East
Wm. Dick Ltd 33-49 Hastings Streot Eait
...514 OranviUe Stnet
..345 Hastings Street Weit
Thos. Foster i Co., Ltd.
J. W. Foster * Co., Ltd.
" N. Harvey Ltd. .. 125 Haitingi Wost and Victoria, a 0.
C. D. Bruce 401 Hastings Street West
Now Tork Outffltting Co 143 Hastings Street Wert
W. B. Brumitt Cordova Street.
Thomas & McBain....; OranviUe Street'
D. K. Book z 117 Hastings Streot Wert
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Fender Etreet West
Kirk ft Co., Ltd _.-.. 929 Main St., Seymour 1441 and 465
Dr. Brett Anderson 602 Hastings Weit
Dr. W. 3. Curry...........—.....——..............................301 Dominion Building
Britannia Beer.—___ Wostmlmter Brewery Co.
Cascade Beer.
Van Bros.
..Vancouver Brcworles Ltd.
-...-.......-..Ciders and wlner
..Any of their Biz storei
Vancouver Drug Co..—.-.—
Dry Goods
Famous Cloak A Suit Co.    623 Hastings Street Weit
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pendor Street Weit
Lasalle Extension University   701 Standard Bank Bldg
B. C. School of Pharmacy and Science -..616 Pender Wes
Brown Bros. A Co. Ltd 48 Hastings East and 728 Oranvillo Streel
Funeral Undertakers
Harron Bros - 2398 Oranvllle Stree
Mount Pleasant Undertaking Co 233 Ktngswa
Nunn and Thomson 531 Homer Stree
Hastings Furniture Co .41 Hastings Street Wei
Ballard Furniture Store  1024 Main Stree
Homo Furniture Company 416 Main Stree
"Slaters" (three stores) Hastings, Granvillo and Main Street
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pendor street Wei
«. T. Wallace 118 Hastings Street Wei
Calhoun's, Ltd 61 Hastings Street :
Central Hotel .....42 Cordova Streot Eai
6. B. Allan 480 Oranvillo Stree
Masseurs, Etc.
M. F. Eby, B.A., M.B 999 Broadway Wei
Musical Instruments
Swltser Bros 812 Hastings Street Weq
J. H. Henley 824-826 Birks Bulldln
Morris Optical Co .............649 OranviUe Stret
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand.  (Turner Beeton ft Co., Victoria, B. a
Printers and Engravers
Cowan ts Brookhouse——...—......———.—t.——.._......Labor Tempi
KeUandDibble . _—..._... Tower Buildln
Morris Soskln 316 Standard Bank Bulldln
Taxi Service
Stanley Steam Taxi Co 334 Abbott 5tre<
Theatres and Movies
  Orpheum  Panf g< FRIDAT. .November 5,1116
twelfth tear. no. 45 THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vanocuvbb, b. a
Coat Specials
Men and Women
Overcoat weather la here—and we offer
you flne warm coats, exclusive models,
flneet tailored, of choice material!. Very
specially priced for tomorrow.
Values to $50, for only.....	
We have on hand a particularly oholoe
range of Travellers' Sample Coats, In the
most popular colon and materials, In exclusive models. To dear these we offer
values to 140,
at only	
VS. Down, Balance 12 Weekly.
t. HOME* SV " bhonk mr
co*. Hontie sv
wonc atyaBBar^
Henderson's Motion for
Investigation Voted
Down, 4 to 1
Arthur Henderson's motion, in
Parliament, tot an Investigation
of the British Government's Irish
policy was voted down four to one.
Though of course tht government
bad to consider ths motion ss a
definite question of confidence, tha
majority's cheers of approval for
Its policy defeated much that was
good ln the suggestion of an Inquiry, For few things could havs
cleared the air of bitterness so well,
and either substantiated or laid to
rest the very general belief In the
government's brutal and unnecessary reprisals, as an Impartial
Investigation. The Manchester
Guardian thinks ths government's
reason for refusal "will not bear
looking Into." Th* Times, "can sss
no alternative to national dishonor*
save a scorching, authoritative Inquiry." The government's very
words of sympathy for ths police
who "see red" and give way to
cruel reprisals accuse It of complicity. The British government
will continue In the eyes of many
people to be a guilty partner* of the
raids of the Black and Tans until
It takes some real steps to discourage and suppress them. Instead,
Sir llamar Greenwood plunges
further Into the morass of misunderstanding and hatred by summoning to court-martial editor* of
the Dublin Freeman's Journal, for
criticizing the brutalities of his
policy. What a feeble ray of hope
Indeed ls shed through this darkness by the nows that the Irish
Home Rule bill Is again up In Parliament.—New Republic,
New Tork.—The capitalist system of Europe has reached the
stage of falling to places." So declared Scott Nearing, who has just
returned to this country after a
tour of several months in France
and England.
Walter Rollo, minister of labor
and health of the Ontario provlnolal government ls supporting a
I movement to make lt a criminal
offense for any landlord to refuse
to rent dwellings and apartments
to people because of children.
• ■
Moving: Picture Service to
Depict 'True Labor
At lta Montreal oonvention laat
June, the American Federation of
Labor solemnly protested that tha
movlea. were "every day being put
to mora and more vicious servioe
aa an Instrument of misrepresentation in the America-wide campaign
against labor." Mr. Arthur James,
editor-in-chief of the Moving Picture World, tn hli Ootober Issue
takes np thli challenge and accusation, and demand! a bill of particulars. Whan, where and how
have tha movies attacked labor?
Mr. Jamei Insists that It ti the
polloy of th* National Annotation
ot the Motion Plotur* lnduitry to
itand neutral. Have the movies,
we should like to know, been aa a
rale fair te anything? Hare they
been fair te spinster*, animals,
kings, policemen? Have they heen
fair to lore, art, life? Have they
tried to he fair—er unfair? Their
success depends on instinct rather
than reason. Labor muat make
its own films—and Is In faot doing
so already, under the direction ot
the Labor Film Service, Inc., et 11
Unlpn Square, New Tork. Even lf
competition for the attention of a
publlo that craves Fatty Arbuckle
and Mary Miles Mlnter proves difficult, the movies are Labor's latest
weapon and should become a very
useful one.—New Republic.
Cleveland—The International union of Bricklayers, Maaons and
Plasterers now favors an amnesty
for all political prisoners. Following a speech by Lucy Robblm of
the New Tork Amnesty League the
convention, by a vote of 226 to it,
reversed Itself on the matter ot
Owing to tlie sale of the Vancouver Labor Tomple, tlio offices of
the Federatlonist have been moved
to Rooms 1 and 9, Victoria Block,
S13 Pendor Street West. Correspondents are requested to make
note of this.
Toronto now haa more than 2500
unionized street railway employees.
Buy at a union store.
The Provincial Legislature has bcen dissolved and an election **i\\ be held on
Wednesday, December 1,1920.
The Liberal administration appeals to the
electorate for re-election in the firm confidence that tho record of the past four
years of safe, sane and progressive
administration of the affairs of British
Columbia has met with the approval of
every man and woman who has the best
interests of the Province at heart.
The future policy of the Oliver Govern-
nftnt will be to continue its progressive
work in every department with thc idea
of developing the vast natural resources
of British Columbia for the general.benefit of the people.
What the Worker Muit Expect If he Travels This Road.—Ryan Walker in the New Tork Call
Owned By the Consumer
Co-operative Stores
VANCOUVER         ,     41 and 43 Pendor W.  Phone Sey. 493
SOUTH VANCOUVER .   5885 Frnser  St.    Phone Frnser  381
NORTH VANCOUVER 115 First St. E,    Phono 891
NEW WESTMINSTER 39 Eighth St.   Phono 1593
PORT MOODY C'nrk St.    Phono Pt. Moody a
Australian  Workers   to
Launch Plan of
Object to Shipping Out
of Australian
Citizen*  -
At a specially convened Trade
Ualon Congress, convened by the
Labor Counoll of New South Walei,
Australia, and attended by dele-
rates from the majority of th£
trade unions, the stage waa aet for
a scheme of far-reaching proposals
in the event of the federal government of the Australian commonwealth refusing to cease deporting
citizens from that country. Tha
seheme Is a particularly bold one,
and alms—aa a meana of preventing the government carrying out
any more deportations—at a general hold-up of every Industry.
Practically every Industry is covered by the scheme, and special efforts are to be made to launch a
propaganda campaign on the warships of the Australian navy.
Formed Into Groupa
The various unions are formed
into groups, which will take their
orders from commtteea formed
within the groups and acting with
the directorate directing the plan
of action.
The Iron trades group constats
of the following unionB: Engineers,
Bedstead Makers, Blacksmiths,
Boilermakers, Engine Drivers,
Electrical Trades, Iron, Brass and
Steel Dressers, Ironworkers,
Moulders, Shipwrights, Sheet Metal Workers, Stovemnkers, Plumbers, Bridge and Wharf Carpentera.
When this group, by vote of the
delegates of the various unions decides to take actions, each union
of the group, having established
workshop committees, the secretaries of such committees shall be
notified that each employee under
their Jurisdiction shall seduce their
output Immediately and shall con-
continue in reduced rates until decided by congress delegates.
The Gns Employees' group shall
(■(insist of all unions engaged ln
tho manufacture of gas and allied
concerns. Shop committees are to
be formed and when action Is required the committee shall notify
membera of the plan of action,
which will. be the "irritation
strike." Full particulars will be furnished the committees at the right
The Building Trades group shall
consist of all unions ln connection
with building such as Carpenters,
Stonemasons, Slaters, Bricklayers,
Quarrymen, Plasterers, Painters,
Laborers, Job committees shall be
former, consisting of all workers
engaged on the building and tf action Is decided upon the committeo
shall call upon the workers to reduce their output and continue until otherwise ordered.
The boot trades group shall take
similar action to that taken by the
Building Trades group, and shall
set about forming workshop committees immediately.
The Printing Industry group
shall consist of printers, process
engravers, bookbinders, lithographers, letterpress machinists, lino
oporators and others engaged ln
the printing trade. Committeos are
to be formed in each establishment
representative of all unions. Those
engaged In the production of newspapers shall refuse to handle mat-
tr concerning the light which ls not
true. All workera covered by this
group, newspaper offices as well,
shall reduce their optput, and shall
continue to do so until ordered
Municipal Employees
The Municipal Employees' group
shall consist of all workers engaged ln municipal work, such aB electrical engineering, eng) nedrl vera,
sanitary workers, etc.   Shop com
mittees shall be formed at once,
consisting of the representatives of
all unions ln the group. Those engaged In the lighting of the city
shall, when notified by their group
committees, take action similar to
the gas workers. Those engaged
in other work shall reduce their
output until ordered otherwise.
The Food.group shall constat of
millers, bakers, breadcarters, pan-
trycooks, sugar workers, catererB,
waitresses, hotel, club and restaurant workers, liquor trades, coop-
eers. They shall also form shop
committees. Those engaged ln the
manufacture of foodstuffe or accessory to auch workera shall reduce
their output. Those engoged ln the
distribution of foodstuffs shall see
that customers are given full value.
The Manufacturing Wood group,
consisting of ill workera in the
furniture trade, such as coach-
makers, cabinet-makers, polishers,
etc, shall form shop committees
and whan action is required, tho
committee ahall notify members of
tho plan of action which will bo
tha Irritation strike. Full particulars will be given the committees.
The Retail group shall consist of
all workers-engaged in the retail
trade, auch as Bhop assistants, butchers, confectioners, etc. Shop assistants will be asked to notify all
customers the truth about the
foods they are selling, point out
any defects tn the materials, and
stato tho cost of the article so that
Customers may know what profits
are on the goods. All assistants engaged tn food trades will aee that
they give good weight over the
Mining Industry
Tho Mining group will cover all
thoso engaged in or about mines,
and Job committees will be formed.
When notified they ahall reduce
their output by the application of
the darg, and shall continue until
ordered otherwise.
Action agalnat warships. If any
warship be used for the deportation of Individuals all workers are
to refuse to clean, paint, repair,
coal, provide coal or provisions for
such vessels used for sucb purposes.
A special sytem of distribution of
propaganda literature amongst the
crewa of euch vessels used for such
purpose to be entered Into.
The Leather group, consisting of
saddlers, tanners, wool and basil
workers and textile workers, shall
reduce their output when called
jipon to do so by the job committees which shall be appointed.
The Transport group shall consist of wharf laborers, senmen.'shlp
painters and dockers, trolley and
draymen, stewards, marine cooks,
engineers, coal lumpers, firemen,
deckhands and such like. Ship
committees are to be formed on
each vessel, and when such vessels
are loading or unloading, the committee shall consist of all workers
both on and off the vessel. The seamen wtll be called upon to sail
with any deported on board, and
In thoae vessels not directly concerned the firemen will be called
upon to take things easy, ao that
the vessel will only proceed at half
speed. All other, workers tn the
group will reduce their output
Work to Rnla
Tho Railway and Tramway
group shall consist of those employed ln connection with the state
rallwaya and tramways. Committees are to be formed on each Job,
station or yard. When called upon,
all employees shall see to It that
they work strictly to departmental
regulations, even though the Journeys take twice the' length of time.
Whatever success may attend the
proposed action of the unionists of
New South Wales, lt will be noted
that the scheme strikes at the*
whole system of craft unionism and
establishes in Its stead an organization of a complete industrial character rooted in the group and shop-
committee form of organization
which ls the strength ot the rank
and/file organization. In that direction alone — leaving out the
question of how lt will function, lf
put Into operation—it is a big step
from craft organization of numberless sectional unions to that of industrial groups and shop committees. Indeed the nucleus ts laid to
a scheme of organization that can
be made to function in many ways
for the protection of the workers
from their capitalistic bosses.
The workers have tho power and,
Judging from the above, the Intelligence, to achieve success in this
matter, but It can only be done
through  sound  organization,   pure
French and German Iron
>nd Coal Mine Owners
noil] -
Workers Ground Under
Foot in Ruthless System
;;■;  of Exploitation
stm       (By John Sims)
European Staff Correspondent for
1:1,1     the Federated Presa
Berlin—Whoover holdo the Jor-
ralne iron and Westphallan coal.
dominates Europe. With this idea
the Pan-Germans looked forward
to annexing the. French Lorraine
Iron fields. Wlm the same Idea,
the Flench now that they have con.
trol of all the Lorraine iron, are
reaching out for German Ruhr
Since March, when the French
occupied Frankfurt as a preliminary step, the French government,
backed by the big metal Interests,
Loucher and Schneider-Crueaot,
have had a fixed plan of getting
hold of the coal fields of the Ruhr.
Had the' British consented, they
would have entered at the flrst signs
ot opposition last Mar'ch. They
planned to movo In agatn ln Aug.
when lt looked aa though the Bolsheviks would break thrugh Poland and link up with the Germans.
Now they announce that they will
automatically come into the Ruhr
November 15th, If the Germans do
not make full coal deliveries.
Should the Germans meet the
conditions, then, of course, the
French will have to flnd some
other pretext. They are determined to get control of this coal.
With It half the workers In Western Europe would be under their
thumb, and more important stUl,
they would then be ln a position to
disregard Great Britain and the
United States, too, in so far aa
American Interests are not behind
the same enterprises.
But the side to be watched is
what such a combination would
mean for the workers of Europe.
Stlnnea believes In presenting his
workmen something the day before
they take lt. He has gotten along
very well this laat year, because he
always compromised with the workers on wages, and then doubled
the Increase on the price to the
consumer. But this no longer
works, because most uf the consumers are also workers.
But associated with Stlnnes ls
Thyssen, another coal and Iron
magnate. .Thyssen ts the Gary of
German industry. He is old and
fossilized, and operates his business
on" the old principle of "ob he
damn pleases." Only recently
*kben new demands wero being
made of the underfed German miner's, he "would not sit on any
board with a workman."
Both Stlnnes and Thyssen flnd
kindred spirits at Creusots'a ln
France, H^e the outlay for Insurance and protective legislation
Is"less. Here, too, the owners can
talk down to the workmen without
enthusiasm, and determination.
Once the workers are armed with
thin combination of eat purposes
they can cry a halt to the sinister
policies of the imperialists in Australia or In any other country who
may be abusing their powers and
indulging ln acts that are an offense against aU principles of Justice or fair dealing.
The main thing to be noted, whether the scheme as outlined functions rightly or falls, ls that the
organization of the workers on an
industrial basis has received a stupendous Impetus, which will most
certainly prove the beginning of a
greatly advanced movoment among
the craft unions so that sooner or
later they will emerge Into the real
Industrial organization without
which the workers, in Australia or
ln any other country, can never
hope to achieve any material success or be able to manifest their
power to the fullest extent.
Sermons by
J. 8. Woodsworth
Thoee Who Bule Over Vo
Liko many a aeroionizer, I steal
my sermons. But I don't try to
bide the faot Liko all Socialists, I
recognise that all things ara sociality produced—that overy man,
even though ha seems to work
alone, la the heir of all the aces.
His little Ufe Is inextricably entangled with overy part of tho universe.
• This week I want you to listen to
Mr. Dooley, as he expounds his
Ideas on government Hla treasure
may be in "earthen vessels," but a
sliver service Is no substitute for
good victuals.   .
"It takes vice to hunt vice. That
accounts f'r pollsman." -
That's one of Mr. Dooley's Jokes,
Mr. Chief Magistrate. Like the Sermon on the Mount, it must not be
taken too literally.
"Laws ar-re made to throuble
people, an' th' moro throuble they
make th' longer they stay on the
stachoo books." That's- tho only
valid objection to Prohibition Laws,
but that applies equally to all laws
delating to property. So, don't
quote me, Sir Charles Tupper I
"Gover'ment, me by, is a case
iv me maktn' yo do what I want,
an' If I do It with a song, I'll do lt
with a shovel."
A« Charles T. Spradlng has said
ln mort words and with less force,
"Governments cannot accept liberty
as their fundamental basis for Justice, because governments rest upon
authority, not upon liberty. To accept liberty as the fundamental
basis Is to discard authority; that
ts, to discard government itself.
"Free from the Law, oh, happy
conditions!"—but we daren't sing
that now, even tn Sunday schools or
we would be arrested, quite properly as anarchists!
"Hlnceforth th' policy lv this
government will be as befor'e, not to
bully a strong power or wrong a
weak, but will remain thrue to th'
principle lv wrpngln' the sthrong
an' bulllyln th' weak." Commended to our ambitious but Inexperienced Premier.
"A man that'd expect to train
lobsters to fly tn a year Is called
a loonytic; but a man that thinks
men can be turrned Into angels be
an Utctlon ls called a ray farmer
arl remains at large." That Is to
reduce Boshevlst admirers and Socialist agitators, and Bourgratn reformers and all the rest of us to
dare humanity—sctmerteakes us
that its a long, long way to Tipper,
ary I
Not Afraid of a Fact
Last week we attempted to show
the religion, like all other social
Institutions, was not a fixed thing,
but subject to ohange. So wo are
abla to trace tho evolution of religion from its crudest and cruellest forms up to the comparatively
high types represented ln the modern historical religions. Even written Christianity, we note a continual chango and development during which Christian propagandists
instead of being persecuted by the
authorities as men who wore "turning the world upside down," were
acclaimed as the conservators of
law and order, the bulwarks of
property and tho state.
The religions of the past—those
under which we all gr'ew up, were
authoritative or dogmatic in type.
The great Roman church exalted
the authority of the Pope. We
havo the self same dogmatic position ln the Church of England.
The athanastan creed after reciting a long list of dogmas declares
"This is the Catholic faith; which
except a man believe faithfully he
cannot be saved."
The reformed churches attempted to escape the authority of the
Italian pontiff only to slavishly
bow down to the authority ot a
Book. The Bible, Instead ot being
a light on the road, became an
obstacle to free thinking. "The
Holy scriptures contain all things
necessary to salvation. "The Old
Testament Is not contrary to the
New." Under this teaching the
most heinous crimes ware condoned and clear thinking became impossible.
Thus we ail grew up under' the
bondage of a dead past.
Modern science >'is helped to
pry open tho door of the prison
house. Every school boy ls now
taught about the long eraa through
which the world attained Its present state. Yot at Sunday School
he Is still taught by Bishop Ursher
that the world was created 4004
Tears B. C. Wliich Is right, the
day school or the Sunday School?
Hla new faith, he may or may not
call religion. We choose to call it
the religion of the open mind.
As he goes on with his scientific studies he geta farther and farther from dogmatism. If his theories do not square with the facts,
so much worse for the theories.
He ls»not afraid of a fact.
So historical criticism has undermined the doctrine of "verbal
Inspiration of the Bible." Errorp
In translation, variation ln texts,
unsettled iftilhorahip and dates
leaves no place for tho older view
of the final authority tat tlie King
James version of tho English Bt-
blo. Truth must stand on Its own
bottom. All this is an Incalculable
advance. It has opened men's
minds to truth.
In their reaction against the religion of authority, muny reject
fill religion—"lock, stock nnd bar-
Be sure to notify tho post oflleo
ts soon as you change your address.
Buy at a union stow.
being obliged to talk with thom.
When tho workmen "get nasty,"
troopa are there to "koep order."
It only remained for the German
and French troops to find a common ground for understanding.
This they ar'e now reaching ln a
project to manipulate coal and
Iron. Thero Is not coat enough for
both the French and German people to become prosperous from It.
But there Is enough for Stlnnes,
Thyssen, Schneider & Co., with
perhaps the Amorican Steel Corporation on the side. This combination could awing the entire
European market of Labor, aa well
as of goods.
The fundamental principlo ln
French big businoss—and this' at
first will be dominant ln a new
combination—ls large profits from
captlal Invested abroad whero Labor is cheap and where It can be
easily kopt in the straight jacket.
This Is where they now have Austrian Labor, and a part of that In
Czecho-Slovakia, where they Juppe
to get German Labor
is at your service.  All work guaranteed.'   ,;
Phone RT9M
If >i>u Mn out et town, wnd yenr npein fey watt.
rel." It U probably a matter of
definition. But wo liko to think
of •religion u being our deepest
thinking and highest aspiration.
In this hi'oad sense, a new religion
la probably being developed. Jutt
aa out of the tuperstltlon of ancient
astrology thero grew modern *•-
tronomy; Juat a* out ot the auper-
atltlona of alchemy, there developed scientific medicine; ao out of
ancient religious superstitions may
thero not develop what might bo
termed the religion of tho open
After all, which ahows tho greatest "faith"? The anchoring to the
old landmarks, the hugging of the
wen-known shores, or the bold
launching out Into the uncharted
sea In the hope of discovering a
new land?
Neit Sunday at Fender Hall
(cor. Pender and Howe) at >
o'clock, the subjeot will bo "Preparing for tho next war."
Ruthenlans and Slovaks Start Gen.
- end Strike Becauae Police
Have Concealed Editor
(By the Federated Preaa.)
Prague.—A general atrlke, which
began In Pressburg, has extended
throughout the whole of Slovakia,
and now embraces Kuthenta alao.
The atrlke waa precipitated
fecently, when the Presaburg police carried off Pfffferlng, editor of
the Communist "Volkeatlmme,"
every trace of whom they bave
since concealed. Twenty thousand
workers have downed their tool ln
Pressburg alone, and thousands
more, Including many peasants,
have ceased work ln the provinces.
Many towns are without light and
are completely Isolated.
^HB MHirifp
/ ——
(Wtth apologies te Rudyard Kip.
, tag)
A fool there wu and he east Wi
'   vote
(Even u yon and I)
For ragged pants tadjattared ooat
And some grub on WMoh bt didn't
(Even as you and I)
Oh, the work we do for the favoiM
And the miserable wage we getl
We crack the nuts, they tako the
And to mako onr bondage more
We vote for the syatem yet
A fool there waa, and he gooda had
(Evan aa you and I)
He worked all day, (rom aun to sun.
He got no caah, to he worked (or
(Even aa you and I)
The fool waa stripped to hla foolish
(Even aa you and I)
They  couldn't  use- that, though
they may have tried.
And the pool1 old fool waa kicked
And his lege lived on, though hts
head had died,
(Even as you and I)
It Isn't the shame and It Isn't the
blame •
That   stings   like   a   white-hot
It's the cussed foolishness of a Jay
Who'll work ten  houra  (or  two
houra* pay,
And vote for the bunch on election
And will not nnderatand.
—Bert Leach, la the Public.
Owing to the sale of the Vancon-
ver Labor Temple, the offloea ed
Ute Federations hnve been move!
te Rooms 1 and », Victoria Block,
SO Pender Stnet West. Correspondents an requeued 0
note of this.
Assayers, Prospectors and Surveyors
The B.C School of Pharmacy & Science
CwwnB^«ng,615PENDERST.W. Pkw.Sty.17tt
A separate Department to giro PRACTICAL training to Prospectors, Assayers and Surveyor! hu heen established in th*
above Institution. i
Any man who hu ambition to Improve hla position wtll flnd tho
opportunity here.
Those are PRACTICAL courses for PRACTICAL mon by PRACTICAL Lecturers. It is not merely theoretical work which could
bo obtained from books.
The department Is ln chargo of Mr. Stanley Foulds and Mr. R.
P. Wilson, D.L.S., who have spent many years at tho work.
For particulars write or call on tho Principal, P. J. BAIN.
NOTE—Ai a proof of onr methodi, tho following reiolte wort obtained br ss
during the paat yenr: lit placo In tho B. 0. Land Sorreyore' Final; lit
place lu B, O. Land Hurveyoro' Preliminary; 1st placo in B. O. Univ. Applied
Science Ent.; lot plaoo In B. 0. Minor and Major Pharmacy; lit placo in B.
0. Law Preliminary.
For Twenty Tears ws have Issued this Union Stamp tat ass undor oar
Peaceful Collective Bargaining
Forbids Both Strikes and Lockouts
Dispute! Settled by Arbitration
Steady Employment and BkiUed Workmanship
Pr nipt Deliveries to Dealers and Publlo
Poace and Success to Workers aad Employen
Prosperity ft Shot Making Communities
As loyal union msn anl women, ws ask
Sia to demand shoes bearing   tho   above
ulon Stamp on Solo, Insole or Lining.     .
Coins LoTaly, q.nml president.    Otorlti L. Bsins,' Osnsrsl Stc-Trtu.
The ]M,T. Loggers' Boot
Mall ordori personally attended to
niinrnntrod to Hold Caulks ond Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS tt SON
Next Door to Loggers' HaU
Phono Soymour 5S0 Hcpnlrs Don. While Yoa Wall
Fresh Cut Flowsrs, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Plants
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastlnga Street East 728 Oranvlll* Btrtrt
Seymour 088-672 Seymour MIS
When you go to buy a pair of shoos do
you Insist on seeing the label? When
you com* to this store you oan get just
the shoe you want and _i will hnve tha
The Ingledew Shoe Company
"Unlon-Mndo Footwear'* PAGE EIGHT
twelfth tear. no. 4t     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. c.
...November B, 11
Boys' Dept., Second Floor
are "Lower Priced"
There is only one way to get a lower priee in your
Winter Overcoat, Buy a GOOD Overcoat. The
lower price is in the longer wear—not on the price-
ticket. DURWARD OVERCOATS are considered
by Men who know to be the best Overcoats made in
England. They cost only a few dollars more than
ordinary Overcoats; they last much longer; they
give greater satisfaction; that makes the price low,
for you.  Shown in three weights.
Prices $55 to $85
Hart Schaffner and Marx Clothes
Canada's largest Exclusive store
for Men and Boya
thtrtHht      Rett Sdaffurtt Man
Tlio Home or
W.Lee Holder
Diet Specialist
Doctor of Chiropractic
Hours 1 to 5 and   by  appointment.
Sey. 85S8 Bay. 4023R.
Labor School Geta' Stronger
It might have been expected that
the exceptionally flne weather prevailing last Sunday afternoon
would have made for a smaller
attendance at the Labor school, but
It didn't It only stopped the steady
Increase that the school Is bound to
have this season. For the four
Sundays just past, the attendance
waa 19, 88, 40 and 40. The officials of the school are not trying
for attendance alone though; efficiency In teaching those that already are regular attendants is
much more important. The superintendent will be glad to meet any
person who has suggestions to offer, or who is ablo to take a olass
either steadily or alternately, with
the teachers. The school Is meeting every Sunday afternoon at 1:45
p.m., in the F. L. P. hall, 148 Cordova street west.
(By Speolal Correspondent)
The flrat round in the British
Columbia eleetion campaign has
taken place. Comrades Richardson, Trotter And Woodsworth were
selected last Monday to be the
standard bearers in Vancouver City.
Sam Guthrie will contest Newcas-
He, Geo. Casey, Atlln; John Mclnnis may contest Port George; J, H.
Burrough Is believed to be running In Princo Rupert; Dr. W. J.
Curry will acce-pt the nomination
In Dewdney and many other districts are holding meetings tor the
selection of candidates. Candidates
will be in the Held in Richmond
New Westminster and North Vancouver.
When Men's Clothes
Lose Their Shape
—it's not always because of poor, materials.
Often poor cutting and tailoring are overcome
by pressing a suit into shape. After a short
while it works back and it fits as it was cut-
Fashion Craft label is certain assurance
against just such happenings, and is a positive
guarantee of lasting satisfaction.
Thos. Foster & Co., Ltd.
"WE  GROW   Willi,I)  OTHERS   CROW"
These Clearing Out Bargains at the
"New York" are Worthy of
Your Consideration
Goods delivered
on flrst payment.
Juat pay ft trifle
down and the balance while wearing the clothe!.
^58 ""'Perfect Credit Plan
The balance of a manufacturer's stock,
bought at a price that enables os to sell them
at a fraction of their valuo. These coats are
honestly worth from $45.00 to $65.00. Clear-
lag-out prico—
$22.50 to $37.50
Extremely handsome. Mado of expensive
Bolivia cloth, li the smartest of Fall styles,
beautifully trimmed with Beaver, Opossum,
■nd Seal Plush collars and cuffs. Values to
•175—     .
Reduced 33 1-3 Per Cent.
We have just recoived another shipment of
beautiful Plush Coats, whloh we are selling
*   at the special prico of—
$45.00 Up
In the lime styles ae mothers.' Mndo of
Mlour, melton, tweed and Bolivia cloths;
trimmed with (nr md plush collars; also some
in reefer styles.   Olearlng-out price—
$7.60 Up
The Vancouver City campaign
committee Intend to put up a whirlwind campaign. The city will be
well covered with propaganda material every, week during- the election. Meetings will be held In every
available hall. Campaign funds
will be raised by means ot a "Federated Labor Party 1020 Provincial
Campaign Bond," Issued In denominations of tl, |2 and }5.
Working In conjunction with the
provincial executive committee and
tho campaign committees of other
districts, the Vancouver campaign
committee will distribute the propaganda and the "bonds" to other
districts, thus enabling all districts
to put up a better campaign at
less cost.
The Federated Labor Party Is
getting Into this campaign to win.
The chances for electing at least
six candidates are good, but with
the "pep" and enthusiasm that is
expected to be developed during
the next two weeks, there is a good
chance of greatly increasing that
This time the Federated Labor
Parly intends to surprise its oppononts. The apathy of former
campaigns will be swept completely aside by an energetic popular
campaign. Plenty of speakers will
be available to combat the old
parties' campaign Blander that will
deveiop as soon as the F. L. P. gets
Into action. Every piece of literature published by the party will
be an eye-opener and the means
.of increasing the enthusiasm fr'om
day to day until the old parties
will be unable to make headway
against the barrage.
The Ilrst big political effort of
the F. L. P. In the Province Is
now under way. The henchmen of
the exploiters of Labor will be
placed on the defensive. The bulwarks and Institutions of capital-
Ism will be thc point of attack.
Roused from an age-long struggle
of poverty, misery nnd degradation;
| knowing and feeling the contempt
which the ruling class have for
them; realizing thnt with the powers of the state In their hands, half
the battle ls won, the workers, tho
proudcors of all thc wealth of this
world, must and will como Into
their own.
Your flnanolal support Is noeded
Just as touch as your moral support to this light. Campaign bonds
will be sent In receipt for funds.
Help make lt a big, enthusiastic,
candidate-electing scrap by sending your dollars to the F. L. P.
campaign committee, Hi Cordova
streot west, Vancouver, B. C. The
funds will be utilized In tho district from which they come, unless there ls no candidate contesting the riding.
Berlin.—During the year ended
March 31, last, the membenhlp of
the 48 trade unions affiliated with
the Berlin Trade Union commission
was practically doubled, according
to the commission's annual report
Just made public. The gain was
342,107, bringing-thc total membership In.this city to 691,233. ir,ado
up of 478,103 men, 198,159 wemen
and 16,000 young ' persons. Tho
strongest local unions aro the
Metal Workers' Union, with 177,-
923 memberB, and the Transport
Workers'-Union, with 126,206.
• Oklahoma City.—A complete
classified roster of the membership of tho "open shop" division
of the local chambor of commorco
has been published by tho Council of Action—tho committee of
organised labor to fight labor's
enemies. Ten thousand copies have
been Issued as "buying guides for
fne convenience of all working
men and their wlvea when pur*
chasing foods."
Workers Well Organized,
But British Guns
Hold Sway
(By tbe Federated Press)
New Tork—"Although Italy ls
more r'estless and more ripe for a
fundamental change than any
other country in Europe, Ireland
ls the country most ready to establish a workers government,"
said Solon de Leon, 'in an interview given to the Federated Press
shortly after his return from a
trip of several months through
Italy, France and the British Isles,
where he studied Labor movements,
"Whether the economlo situation
of Italy is such that a revolution
can be successfully accomplished,
thero Is doubtful," aaid de Leon.
"Without coal and iron the Italian
proletariat can not take over control effectively. In England, Labor officials believe that the Bngllsh government would knife an
Italian revolution by blockading
Italy's naked coast line with her
'"The Italians have not the frame
work for proletarian government
which the Irish have developed.
The Italian consumers' oo-oper'a-
tives are organized solely for the
purpose of selling goods below the
market price. Where they have
better developed producers' co-operatives as ln the glass industry,
they are better prepared to take
over control.
"Ireland haa a higher percentage of organized workers than any
other country ln the world. Eighty
per cent, of the worker's there are
"The Irish Labor Party and
Trades Union Congress is one body
and has officers and offices which
combine political as well as economic functions," he continued. "This
organization ls working in connection with the IriBh General Workers Union toward the establishment of one big union. It also
conducts gener'al strikes, organizes
the workers, conducts political
campaigns and promotes the election of Lahor candidates.
"The reprisal system of England
ls Intended to wear out tho patience of the Irish and to fan the
flame of guerilla warfare Into open
revolt, so that England,can justify
an invasion and crushing defeat of
the Irish. The only hope for Iceland ls for them to endure patiently until a Labor government ls
elected in England.
F.L P.
i 8 pi.
Sam Guthrie,
Who   will  contest   the   Newcastle
Hiding for the Working Class.
J. L. L. Educational Meeting
The Junior Labor Leagur will
hold the regular educational meeting at the club fooms, 1.2 Btufferin
street west, at 7:80 p.m. prompt
Mr. J. S. Woodsworth will lead the
discussion. The campaign speeches
of the candidates for' officers of the
league for the coming year' will
also be continued. As next
Friday Is the second Friday of the
month, only the exeoutlve of the
league will meet on that date.
Moscow.—The president of the
Far East republic announces the
destruction at Chlka of the army of
General SemenofT, the reactionary
leader who announced alliegance to
General Wrangel. Semenoff fled In
an aeroplane with the remnant of
gold left by the late Admiral Kol
chak, one of the white hopes of
the Allies,
Philadelphia—"Cruelty, pauper-
Ism an savagery have always been
used by the ruling classes against
the masses In the name of democracy," was the charge made by
James H. Maurer, president of the
Pennsylvania State Federation . of
Labor, at a mass meeting held here
by the Central Labor Union of
Philadelphia, The meeting was
the first of a series In a campaign
against the non-union shop movoment set In motion by the United
States Chamber of Commence.and
vigorously pushed by looal employers.
The price or copies ot Pritch.
art's address to the Jury, Dixon's
address and the history of the
Wlnnipog fetrlke lias been reduced
to 10 cts. per copy. The Winnipeg
defense committee Is also Issuing
Defenso Fund Stamps, the prioe of
which is 25 centa each.
Wonder how many Bolsheviks
will get Into the Victoria gas
Ian McKenzle, of Citizens' Committee fame, is now a stanrard
bearer for the good old Conservative party.
Patronize Fed Advertisers.
Machinists Take Places of
the Striking Steam
The regular meeting ot the Vancouver (International) Trades and
Labor Council held Thursday even.
Ing went Into executive session to
take up the matter of the members
of Machinist Lodge, No. 182, taking the places of the striking steam
fitters, the council took up the
charves made by the steam fitters, that not only had the machinists lodge upheld the action of
Its membership, but that Delegate:
Sully had advised the men to scab
on the shipyard workers.
A communication was received
from Calgary to the effect that the
butchers and mcatcutters of Pat
Burns' Packing plant of Calgary
were on atrike.
A communication was also received by the council from the
Hon. Gideon RobertBon in reply
to the council for an embargo on
American labor. The reply was
to the effect that the unemployed
situation was being taken care of
better In B. C. than any other province, Inasmuch as the plef and
graving dock would absorb the un
employed and that an embargo
could not be placed on American
labor unless the same waa done
"with Canadian, and that the im:
migration of British Columbia agricultural workers and domestic
servants has been stopped.
The secretary was instructed to
reply to the effect that the pier
and' graving dock work had not
yet been started and that when it
did It would only absorb a few
mon. It was also reported that
Coughlans would not lay any more
keels until January.
In reply to an Inquiry from the
Prime Minister of B. C. as to why
government printing was being
sent to eastern printers, he informed the committee that he price
was of such a wide difference hat
lt was deemed advisable to accept
the lowest offer. The committee
asked for the figures, but they had
not yet been received.
New Tork—(N. T. Bureau)—
Rallying to the support of the
Rand School of Social Science,
thousands of workers have contributed to the $3,000 fund needed
to pay the fine Imposed by the
United States district court on a
charge of having violated the Espionage Act by publishing Scott
Nearing's pamphlet, "The Great
Patronize Fed Advertisers.
Best Quality—Right Prices
223 Carrall Street
Sey. 1250   	
Tom Richardson to Ad
dress Meeting Next
W. J. Curry waa the speaker In
the F. L. P. hall at the meeting
last Sunday on the subject of thie
"Value of Political Action."
He flrst differentiated between
direct and what is termed parliamentary action, but he also showed
by such authorities as Marx that
any class action directed toward
the conquest of political power is
a political act, wehther direct as
through the ballot.
The speaker' showed how thc
range of power Is not a single
strand which might be grasped instantly and controlled completely
once the rulers of the day can be
sandbagged or muzzled, but on
the other hand he showed that this
power, which must be possessed by
the Workers, consisted of myriads
of strands crosslnng and merging,
acting and re-acting, in the physical, mental and moral planes. He
also asserted that the acquirement
of or failure to secure what was
sought might be of little Importance while the struggle itself, the
knowledge gained and the strength
acquired though the effort might
be of the greatest Importance,
He showed how Queensland,
Australia, and other countries had
gained power through the ballot,
and were actually In control of the
government, and how this had secured great material advantages
for the masses, but he believed that
the political arm could only be effective when backed by the Industrial arm. The speaker also stated
that ln the coming contest, should
Labor candidates succeed, they
would flnd themselves compelled
to be opportunists. Abstractions
would have to be thrown aside for
a time, and .the great vital problems before the public would have
to be dealt with. The unemployed
problem, for instance, will before
long, engage the attention of the
powers that be. In the past we
have seen mounted policemen riding down and clubbing these slaves
without masters. Labor must show
other methods of dealing with this
and the other problems that wtll
come before ub before spring.
The speaker suggested that, fleeing that Labor applied to land, produced our food, and also the raw
material of our clothing and
houses, that the unemployed ahould
be organised to clear and make
ready this land for the production
of food, to build roads to establish
markets, so as to help eliminate
the parasitic middlemen, which are
making It almost Impossible to live.
It was objected that the landowners would not surrender their
property for any purpose of this
kind, and the speaker declared that
there should be methods by which
the land hog could be deprived of
this privilege which he now enjoys,
and that when production for human use took the place of production for pr"oflt, poverty and the results of poverty would be nearer Its
• Tom   Richardson   will   be   the
speaker for next Sunday.
Majority  Agninst Acceptance But
Not Big Enough—Takes Two-
Thirds Majority.
London—As a result of the ballot on the government's offer, the
coal strike was called off and at a
meeting of minora' delegates Immediate resumption of work was
ordered,    i
Figures of balloting by the men
showed a majority of 8450 against
accepting the government's offer,
but this was effective, the federation rules requiring a majority of
two-thirds for a continuance of
the strike. >
Only four districts were against
the offer, namely, South Wales,
with a majority of 46,000; Lancashire, 55,000; Nottinghamshire,
1000, and The Forest of Dean, 200.
The total vote was 684,619.
Built for the man who is
outside in all kinds of
weather and needs a shoe
that will stand up and
keep his feet dry.
Solid heavy sole and
soft pliable uppers—
The policemen of Hamilton, Ont,
are organizing. They are expected
to affiliate with the Toronto organization.
We'd like Ito do
this every day
but when specials like these are made possible, no effort is spared to give you unrestricted choice—to satisfy everybody.
There's no disappointment to a- sale at
An Weal about-town waterproof—light and eaay to A | Q  (JA
carry—well lined.   Very Special at vluillU
Every pattern and weave—hae tailored distinction—combines
waterproof protection.   Clearing at &QC (_{\
one price VemOettV
I in
Social of P. LI P. in New
Headquarters Is
(By W. J. Curry)
Last Saturday evening, the F.
L. P. social and dance came off as
predicted. The men',' women and
children enjoyed a thoroughly good
time until nearly midnight.
The hall was artistically decorated with red and green streamers
and festoons, while the stage was
adorned with numerous plants,
flowers and autumn leaves.
The flrst part of the evening was
given to musical selections and
short addresses. Seveal piano selections wee beautifully executed
by the brilliant littlo artist, Nellie
Harrison. Refreshments were
served, then the Junior League and
others began dancing.
- The social committee purpose
having these festivities frequently
during the winter, and we also
understand that classes In economics and social evolution are soon
to be organized.
Already the promoters of the
party home are having their hones
gratified. Talking about the new
social order may satisfy a few, but
the normal man or woman and the
average boy and girl are Interested
most ln "immediate demands," and
those things which bring Interest
and gratification here and now.
The average' Individual doeB not
want propaganda thrown at him In
heavy chunks; lt must be presented In a form which anneal to their
mental appetites.
"Experience teaches," says thc
old motto, and this is particularly
true ln the case of the workers
when they come In contact with the
law. In the past, experience and
precept taught the working class
to fear the law, and right good reason had they to do so. The powers
that be, however, also learned by
experience and they aaw that fear
of the law would not for all time
hold the worker In subjection,
therefore they Introduced more
subtle and effective medium of control. By an apparent Impartiality
of judgment on the part of the Judiciary, the worker was taught to
respect the law and to believe that
law and Justice'are one and the
same. The use of the symbol showing Justice blindfolded, weighing
the evidence impartially, was a
great asset ln fooling the Ignorant
masses, who in many other directions were lulled into a state of
aequlesance to social degredatlon
and exploitation by the use of symbols.
Again experience, the great
teacher, comes to the front and
brings about an awakening to the
true state of affaire, with the reeult that the third and last stage
ls entered, "contempt for tho law."
This Ib a dangerous stage, and truly
is It said "fools venture where
angels fear to tread," but the exploiters and rulers of the working
class, drunken with power and possessing an insatiable greed for proflt, rush, fool-like, headlong to thetr
own destruction when they instruct their hirelings to hand out
such Judgments as has recently
been done In the cases of the Winnipeg trials and the appeal to thc
privy council—the McKenzIt case
at Cranbrook and Christopher's
case at Taylorton, In the face of
such decisions It ls evident to all
that It ls useless for the working
class to expect any protection ln
the law courts from the Illegal aets
of the employers, financiers or their
hirelings, and this fact has now
been conclusively demonstrated.
The only right a member of the
working class has is to be exploited
to the full by the parasites of
present day society. Rights as a
citizen he has none. He can be
kilted or matmed through the lack
of safety appliances—debauched
by rot-gut moonshine or flavoring
essence and doped by drugs—ruined physically by Insanitary and illegal camp conditions—Intimidated
by secret and uniformed police—
run out of town by gunmen and
thugs who are safe under the shelter of a secret society affiliation.
Denied redress in the courts they
nre forced into the inevitable position of looking to themselves and
the power of their economic organization for protection. The financial and employing classes are
determined to smash organized labor and force down the economic
and social standing of the working
class; by that very action they
compel the coming Into existence
of a militant organisation of wo
ers. "Those whom the gods wo
destroy they first make mad!"
the capitalist class is certainly v
on the road.
Pass the Federatlonist along f
help get new subscriber*
We patronize those who patr.
tto us.
Many Candidates in
Political Arei
(Continued from page 1)
candidates In the field In some r
Ings. This organization has plat
three candidates in the field
Vancouver and being a rank a
flle organization, strenuously o
posed to both the provincial and d
minion governments, lt Intends
put up a strenuous campal
Ugalnst soldier-officer candidal
of the Liberal and ConserVatl
parties. The organization has
large and growing membersh
Their candidates are E. Farrar,
L. Miller and J. W. Crawford,
The hottest campaigns will l
doubtedty be fought in Vanc'om
and Victoria. , Vancouver with I
seats to be contested, already h
29 candidates in the field. VI
torla with four scats, will have
least 20 candidates.
W. E. Fenn's School
Phones: Bey. 101—Soy. 30S8-O
Social Dances Monday. Wednesday and Saturday.
H. Walton
Specialist  la   Electrical   Treatments,1
Violet Bay and High Frequency ftr
Rheumatism, Sciatica, Lumbago, rw
alysls, Hair  and   Scalp   Treatuasls,
Chronic Ailments. (
Phono   Seymour  2041 j
108 Hastlnga Street Weit.
■ ■—
The "Class" of Broadway
The most famous atreet of the Western Hemisphere
offers many attractions that are not to be found elsewhere.
But fqr good food, unimpeachable service and beautiful
surroundings, rely on the now
Next Door lo
Hotel Irving
Prices Are Cut on
Everything in % Store
Corner of Homer and Hastings Streets


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