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The British Columbia Federationist May 24, 1918

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Array THE  BRITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTBIAL UNITT:  STRENGTH •*&• OFFICIAL PAPEB:   VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL, AND B. 0. FEDEBATION OF LABOB _____   oAiimm,
      ,  .   -  T-  '*%Wtaw   POUnCAL UNITT:   VICTORY
TENTH YEAR.   No. 21
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 24,1918
IS
Canadian Workers
Fuller   Enjovmen||j
Big Best Thing
No Love for Strikes ■
Just Demands ty
Be Obtained; ^
Distinct as a banner waving in a
cloudless sky, vivid as a mile-high flash
of white-hot light at midnight, the following quostions stand out in the
Affairs of society and boldly demand
an answer: How much moro life, how
much more welfare, shall tho workers
Becure than they have now*? Shall the
big best things of lifo becomo a constant part of tho life of tho workers of
the world? How much of life shall tho
workors get for the life and energy
they give?
Labor, many thousands strong in
Canada, is demanding fuller enjoyment
of the big things in life. Labor rarely
demands anything it feels it does not
deserve, but today it is demanding not
only that which it deserves, but that
which it is entitled to, beeause of tho
fact that its energy, applied to the
natural rosources of tho earth, has produced it. *
Labor is in tho majority and it seems
to havo como to tho conclusion that it
ean have anything nnd everything that
it hus senso enough to  seo and grit
"'enough to demand.
Labor has no more love for strikes
than it has fnr rattlesnakes, but its just
demands must bo forced from tho employers of labor whenever those employers refuse to meet tho changing
industrial conditions.
The locul situation is but a reflex
of theso questions, intensified by a govornment that haB absolutely ignored
Labor and doos only tho bidding of tho
Big Interests.
Carpenters
A mass meeting o£ the Carponters will
be held in the Labor Temple next
Thursday to take up the matter of a
now wuge scale. Evory member of both
organizations is urged to be prosent,
and evory member should Beo to it that
the few last remaining unorganized carpentors are signed up before thc mooting.
Shipyard Laborers
Twenty-eight now membors wero initiated by the Shipyard Laborers' union,
reports Socrotary Phelps. Tho local
voted almost unnuimously against the
48-hour week. The union also decided
to subscribe for Tho Federationist in a
body. Bros. Hardy and McLean wore
elected to attond tho subdivision District Council in Seattle.
Pile Drivers and Bridgemen
Twenty new membors wore initiated
by tho Pilo Drivers nnd Wooden Bridge'
mon, reports Business Agent Ironsides,
There is a grent demand for these men
for work in the northern country, nnd
tho demand is well ovor the supply. A
now wage demand is being made for
per day of eignt hours, to go into effect
the 1st of July. The local has collected
$800 for Labor Templo shares.
Electrical Workers
One new member was initiated and
four applications received nt a well-attended mooting. Tho delegates from
the Metal Trades couneil nsked for a
final vote on tho award of the Munitions board, and the local voted unanimously for the 44Jhour week. A motion
to open tho charter for membors with
travelling cardB was defeated. There
will bo a special order of business nt
8:30 next Monday.
International Longshoremen's
A conference was held Tuesday between the International Longshoremen's association and tho C. P, R., to
consider the new wnge scale submitted
by tho local branch of the I. L. A. The
old agreement expires at tho end of this
month, nnd although no decision wns
arrived at at Tuesday's meeting, the
Longshoremen intend to press the matter to a successful conclusion. Another
meeting will be hold Thursday,
Boilermakers
Fifty members were initiated by the
Boilermakers' union at last meeting, reports Secrotary Frnser. Everything is
ready for tho big picnic (today) at Mahon Park. There wilt be a long programme of sports (thirty-four events),
and from two to four prizes in every
i. Thore are sevoral hundred dollnrs'
worth of prizes, ranging from a $50 gold
watch down. Tho pienic is open to
everybody. All one has to do is to pay
fare to the park.
GREAT WAB VETERANS
TO CONVENE AT TORONTO
Representatives of 20,000 Returned Soldiers Throughout Canada to
Meet in July
A special meeting of tho Great War
Veterans association last night selected
delegates to send to the annual convention which will be held in Toronto some
time in July. Four or five delegates
will be Bent from Vancouver, and about
thirty all told from British Columbia.
The Vancouvor branch, which haB a
membership of 1500 men is entitled to
more dolegates than those who aro to be
sent but on account of the financial condition of tho branch, it is probablo that
only the four or five will bo sent.
There are 28 branches of tho Croat
War Veterans association in British Columbia and dolegates will bo sont representing all of thoso.
Tho convention is tho most important meeting of returned men of tho
year. Toronto is making great, preparations for tlio reception of the delegates,
and has und crank en to defray all ex
penses of tho delegates whilo in that
city. The convention will represent
",000 returned soldiers in Canada.
(IM VUMUTtrV
Oity. M.00 ;
$1.50 PER YEAR
WHEN LABOR AND VETERAN UNITE
THERE WILL BE A DAY OF RECKONING
The proposed arrangement between the B, C. Federation of
Labor and The FederationiBt,
whereby it was proposed to supply the members of each afflliated
union with a copy of The Federationist, at 5 cents per montb,
haB had to be abandoned, nt least
until the Victoria convontion in
January next. This because some
3500 miners in tho interior did
not come in on the denl. It is
therefore imperative that the
unions Bhnll tako action individually. Most of them have already
dono bo. Bat if yours has not yet
subscribed in a body, will you do
ho at next mooting! The rato to
unions, subscribing in a body, is
only $1 per yenr, payablo monthly. And Tho FederationiBt will
bo mailed to each individual member at his homo addross, Tho
management is trying to mako
The Fedorationist the best Labor
pnpor in America. Will your
union co-operate? Will you doit
now! The Fedenrtlonist neodfl'
your co-operation. Yoa may need
The Fed., if not today tho dny
you go to the bat with the em-
ployorfl. Will you make a favorable decision at noxt meeting!
PATRIOTIC FUND
B. C. Methodist Conference
Deplores Effects of Voluntary System
Evidonco of tho growth of tho move'
ment in fnvor of makiag the Canadian
Patriotic Fund a purely govornment in
stitution provided for out of taxation,
was afforded on Monday evening when
the B. C. Methodist Conference, assembled at Wesley church, went on record
in favor of tho abolition of the voluntary system so far as the finances were
concerned, but retaining tho presont
machinery and the voluntary services
now given for its administration. A
combination of voluntary aud taxation
methods found some support, while
there wore not wanting those who de*
clared that tho presont method of rais
ing funds was demoralizing the public.
Incidentally Dr. Albert T. Moore, inveighed against raffles as n means of
raising patriotic funds.
Tho discussion arose out of a recommendation contained in the report of
the Social Servico committee which
contained clauses, also endorsed, <
phasizing tho neceasity of improved
child welfare methods and greater conservation of child Hfo, greater activity
in evangelism, the establishment of
social centres !/n rural districts, social
reconstruction and other progressive
stops in social servico.
At tho nftornoon session Dr. Mooro
made the interesting announcement
that tho organization of a Canadian
chaplain's service for soldiers' hospitals und homes in Cnnnda wns afoot
and that Lt. (Rev,) C. W. Whittaker
would be appointed for Vancouver.
Dr. Moore ulso stated that hereafter
Methodist chaplains serving overseas
would be recalled from time to timo
for service nt home and others sent
out to roplnco them. Among others,
the recall of Major Osborne and Capt.
Burwash, of thc British Columbin Conference, would be BBkod for.
MORE OP YELLOW RACE
EMPLOYED   ON   BOATS
Chinese Crew for New Boat—No Attempt Made to Get a White
Crew of Yukon
The recently-launched steam schooner
Yukon (Victoria) is manned by a crow
of Chinese, A Victoria dolognto of the
Marino Firemen aud Oilers' union recently asked Captuin Sneddon when
was going to get a crew for the Yukon,
and ho was informed that a crew hud
already boen obtained. No inquiries
had been mnde at either the Firemen's
union nor tho Sailors' union halls for
mon, and no attempt was made to ob
tain white men for this boat. Thia is
thc first boat of sevoral being built
Victoria, and it looks us though the
Ottawn government could interest itself
in this matter right nwny and prevent
a whole lot of friction.
BRITISH LABOR PREPARES
FOR   NEXT   ELECTION
Call for Funds to Place Candidates iu
the Field in England, Scotland and Wales
The Labor party haa issued an appeal, signed by its leader, Arthur Henderson, asking for funds to finance its
campaign to furthor its progrnmme of
war aims nnd social reconstruction, and
nlso for the election of Labor membors
to the House of Commons.  *
"The importance of tho issues to be
raised at the noxt election," says the
dispatch, "make it necessary for tho
Labor party to place candidntcs in
practically all constituencies in England, Scotland and Wales."
Forming Branch of F. L, F.
T. J. Kirkpatrick of Terrace, B. C,
makes inquiries as to how to proceed
to form i-. branch of the Fodorated
Labor I'ar!*y. All that is necessary is
to obtain fie names and addresses from
thoso desiring to join and forward same
to W. B. Trotter, 510 Dominion Bldg.,
Vancouver, B. C. These will receive by
cturn mail]1 a receipt and n membership
enrd. The dues are $1 per yoar, so the
dollar will entitle them to membership
for 1918.
Becrotary Trotter will forward application cards to you ou rcqueBt, und you
ean then Socond to get them filled in,
and holp build up a branch. Aa soon
as u dozen or more members hnvo enrolled, a meeting should bo called und
ofBeors elected for tho balnnce of 1018.
Mctifigs, socials and picnics ahould bc
held as often ns possible sn as to keop
up tho interest in the branch. Evory
member Bha'jld bo encouraged to subscribe for The Foderationist, so ns to
be kepi in touch with tho* movement. A
subscription rato of $1 per year, in clubs
of ton or more, ia now in force for thc
benefit of nil F. L. P, members.
"COMING EVENTS "
Shipyard Workers Lay Down
■■H**** ****** ****** ****** ****** ******
Tools To Enforce Demands
Ten Per Cent. Increase and 44-Hour Week Demanded—Murphy Commission Award Not Satisfactory—No 48-Hour Week Wanted—All Yards at    '
Victoria, New Westminster, Coquitlam Tied Up—In Vancouver All But
Coughlan's, B. C. Marine and Vulcan Iron Works—Thousands of Men Out
—   - —       —
AFTER MANY MONTHS of waiting and negotiating, the men in the shipbuilding industry of British Columbia have been forced to use the strike weapon as a means of .gaining their demands.
Ihe men have been patient,, conciliable and forebearing in their attitude for demands that should
have boen granted without any friction between the parties concerned. By the time The Fedorationist
is in the hands ol* its readers, all trades connected with the shipbuilding industry in British Columbia
will have left the jobs, determined not to go back again Until a ten per cent, inerease in wages retroactive from the (irst of February, a minimum of $3.85 for laborers, a 44-hour week and a decision to pay
all future demands of the Pacific Coast Metal Trades convention has been granted.
Metal Trades CouncU Decides ♦Works and thc B. 0. Marino also hnvo'
agreements with tho couneil, and havo
granted all demands. It is also more
than probable that thc Wallace Shipyards of North Vancouver will grant
thc demands immediately.
PERTINENT QUESTIONS
ASKED IN THE HOUSE
Alleged That Mid-ocean Menage* Were
Tampered with to Boost
ttae Oovernment
Duncan Boss, M. P., Weat Middle-rax,
apeaking in the Ottawa house thia weok,
wanted the Hon. T. W. Crothers fired
and W. P. O'Connor, former wat-of-living commissioner, installed in his scat,
in tho courso of tho general shake-up
which ho regarded as necessary. Somo
ono, he thought, should head <he department who would not dismiss able men
"at'the whim of somo young girl."
Mr. Boss wanted light on a couplo of
pertinent points. Who had sent from
mid-ocean, flfteon hundred mossages
from returning soldiors, tolling tho folks
at home they were on their way back,
but surreptitiously adding "bo suro and
voto for the Union government?" Who
had authorized ono Hozzlewood to Bit
in tho Hotel Tccumsch, at London, beforo the election, and wire to tho wholo
country side that farmers were to be
exempted? Mr. Boss alao wanted tho
income taxes raised and all ovor $50,000
appropriated by thc state. What was a
tax of -^300 on a $10,000 income, compared with a widow who gave her only
son?
A JOINT COMMITTEE
SDK
OF
C.P.R. Official Hedges When
Confronted With
Affidavits
C.P.R. Finds Some Difficulty
in Justifying Importation
of Alien Negroes
The situation in tho C. P. B. lockout
of its dining car service employeea ia
almost unchanged. Tho "alien" negroes arc still coming, and the returned
soldier and citizen employees still going.
As Tho Fedorationist goes to press,
(Thursday, 2 p.m., owing to the holiday) the fourth meeting of the join*
committeo of tho Board of Trade, Vancouver Trades and Labor council and
tho Great War Vetorans association ia
in session, endeavoring to bring about
a settlement.
During the first two soBsionB of the
joint committee, Mr. F. W. Peters, of
tho C. P. B. declined to appear, but
after tho introduction of a resolution
by Mr. McVoty, on behalf of tho Tradea
and Labor council, condemning the C.
P. B. for introducing -"alien" negroes
to replace roturned soldiers, the committee deforrod its consideration and Mr.
Peters was induced to become a party
to tho negotiations. Mr. Petera, at
the Wednesday aftornoon sossion, denied that tho company had discharged
tho mon for joining a union, but when
confronted by on affidavit from twenty-
one of the locked-out mon wavered and
"J"J!„ "Well, I know nothing about
thnt. One momont Mr. Peters contended thnt tho Bhortage of labor waa
tho causo of tho company'b action: in
anothor he showod how at least 81 of
the mon would havo soon been rolensed
anyway from military servioe and
coolio trains. Mr. Potors aho admitted
that the company was opposing, at Ottawa, tho application of the locked-out
men for a conciliation board under the
provisions of tho Industrial  Diaputea
Act.
Made Selections for Local
and International Officers
on Wednesday
Vancouver Typographical union licld
its annual election of officers at headquarters, Wednesday)' in Labor Temple.
At tho same timo was also held tho biannual olection of International officers.
Aa competition for local officers was
not very keen, only a Bmall vote was
recorded, with the foiling, resluts:
For President—W. H. Jordan, 20; K.
G. Marshall, 53.
For Exocutive Committee—M. D.
Buchanan, 43; C. H. Collior, 54; C. Croll,
31; J. Dahlagcr, 51; J. Haoldene, 2<J; C.
Lamb, 35; J. Rankin, 35; W. 8. Thomson, 35; "W. H. Youhill, 33.
For Delegate to I. T. U.—Geo. Bartley,
32; ft. G. Marshall, 38.
For Delegates to Allied Trades Cmin-
cil—-Geo. Bartley, G2; M. D. (Buchanan,      Messrs. MeVety,   Midgley,   Showier
ft"d Mibs Guttoridgo aro repreflentinff
tho Trados and Labor CouncU, Con.
Paige, the Great War Veterans, and
Messrs. Eodie, chairman; Shailcross,
Holgato, Greer and C. Spencer, the
board of trnde. '
At a big meeting of Vancouvor MBtnl
Trades council Wedneaday evening,
recommendation from the executive
committee, that all trades affiliated with
tho Metal Trades council, caadb. w6rk in
all shipbuilding plants, that havo no
agreement with the council, was
adopted.
A further motion that all work cease
at 5 o'clock, May 23, carried unanimously.
Thia action will mean that all yards
in Vancouver, New Westminster and
Coquitlam will be tied up, with thc exception of Coughlan'a, Vulcan Iron
Worka and B. C. Marine, until all demands are granted. >
Victoria Ditto
Word received from the Victoria
Metal Trades council statos that work
will cease at the aame time and date in
the shipyards of thnt locality.
Membership Voted to Strike
Delegatea to the Metal Trades council
reported a practically ununimous voto
of their membership to enforce the demands. Tho men have waited nud waited, and tbo cost of living has been
mounting higher and higher until thc
ton por cent, increase demanded will
hardly be of any bonollt becnuso the
coat of living has increased and overlapped tho umount.
The Imperial Munitions board liad
agreed to tho ten per cont. increnso,
but had a 48-hour week tacked on to
tho agreement, which the mon havo no
intention of accepting.
The Saturday half-holiday has taken
an uphill fight* to obtain and moat of
the workers concerned, being of Britiah
blood, have not lost nny of that indomitable bull-dog spirit of "what we've
got we'll hold.''
Statesmen, so-called, nnd proJitecra,
who .never have to bond their bucks in
toil and who don't hnve to enni their
own brend by the sweat of their brow,
cannot conceive of the necessity of
more leisuro and pleasure time for thoae
who do the world's work.
Old Mother Crothers Wires
T. W. Crothers, minister of Labor,
sent a telegram to the council advising
that he was coming weat und asking
the council to delny action. Following
thia was another telegram stating thnt.
he was "unable" to come west. It
soema that all these showy statesmen
can do is to try and stop the leaks in
the capitalist system. Nothing constructive over comes from theae gentry.
Lnbor has generally been in the habit
of looking to such high peraonngos to
auvc tho situation, but Labor seems to
be getting wiso to the Imps nnd intrigues of politicians nnd the sooner the
interference of auch nre for all time
brushed aside, the sooner will Labor
como into its own(
The All-union Concerns
The ngreement which Coughlan & Son
haa with tho Metal Trndes council, and
which expires on Auguat 1st, snved that
firm from being tied up. Mr. Coughlan
has signified hia intent inn of paying the
increase, and has no intention of even
suggesting thnt the men work a 48-hour
week. Ho is perfectly satisfied that
tho 44-hour week is of bonefit to thc
mon in his employ, and to forco them
to work a 48-hour week would only retard   shipbuilding.    The  Vulcan   Iron
WANT STORES TO CLOSE
NOT LATER THAN 6 P. M.
Victoria Betail Clerks Object to Merchants Juggling with the
Working Hours
VICTORIA, May 21.—At an executive meeting of tho Retail Clerks' union
held Inst night, the now situation arising out of *usponslon of the half-holt
day before a.public holiday was discus-
sod. Strong opposition developed to the
decision of some merchants who, in addition to keeping open on Wednesday
afternoon, propoaed to keep open on
Thursday evening us well.
The executive went on record unanimously ns opposed to nny merchant
keoping his clerks at work Inter than
p. in. on Thursday. Tho meeting also
decided to ask tho co-operation of the
Retail Merchants association in asking
the city counoll to pass and enforce u
6 o'clock closing every evening, irielud
ing Saturday.
Organiser Hoop will leave here fnr
Victoria on Monday evening to confer
with the membera and officers of the
Retnil Clerks of the Capital City.
Are you a union man or only n man
with a union card? The honost union
man buys union label gooda when possible.   Bc honesf!
43; J. Hazoldine, 13; J. A. Kershaw, 7;
R. H. Neelands, 67; A. E. Wcstcrman,
19.
For Conciliation Committee—R. G.
Marshall, 54; W..R. Trotter, 62; W. H.
Youhill, 29.
For Delegates to Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada—Geo. Bartley, 27;
II. L. Corey, 36; W. H. Jordan, 16; W.
R. Trotter, 50; W. H. Youhill, 10.
For Delegates to Northwestern Typographical Conference—H. L, Corey, 58;
W. II. Jordan, 18; It. H. Neelands, 61.
For Delegates to B. C. Federation of
Labor—B. H. Neelands, 55; W. Ii. Trotter, 53; J. E. Wilton, 31.
J he following ure elected by ucclnmn-  formed when you sny that the C
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, May ai— Typographical union, Sawyer* .and FilorB,
Saw Filers ussoeiation.
MONDAY, May 27—Boilermnk*
ors, Steam Engineers, U. B.
Carponters No. 1117, Electrical
Workors, Pnttcrnmnkers, Upholsterers, Amalgamated Engineers, Iron Workers.
TUESDAY, May 27—Plumbers,
Barbers, Amalgamated Carpenters, Machinists No. 777.
WEDNESDAY, Hay 20—Hotel
and Restaurant Employees,
Metal Trades Council.
THURSDAY, May .10—District
Council of Carpenters. ■
FRIDAY, Muy .ll—Pilo Drivers
and Wooden Hrldgebuildors,
Warehousemen.
SATURDAY,   .Tune
ists    No.    777,
Dakers.
1—Mnehin*
Rlackstuiths,
The Membership Decide to
Assist Those Who
Assist Them
A large meeting of Clerks Tuesday
evening pushed forward their publicity
campaign another notch. After the
routine business was over a resolution
was introduced designed to protect thc
uso of the Union Store Card. Thc store
card is to be used by merchants favoring reasonable conditions to their
Clerks, who, in turn, sock the patronage of 10,000 trades unionists in the
city of Vancouver. In every city there
are to be found some unscrupulous merchants who deceive the publie, aud to
give wide publicity to this E.Z. fraternity tho Clerks' introduced a resolution, as follows:
"Resolved, thut when an application
is made for a store card, by any merchant, and said merchant, is charged
with running fake sales, or is considered unworthy or undesirable to hold
Ihe store card of the ii. 0. I. P. A., :bo
it
"Resolved, that the application shall
be considered by the executive .and
same be referred to tho Trades and
Labor Council executive for further
consideration."
It wns felt by the Clerks' that the
working men of tic city ure the ones
generally imposed upon by fake sales,
etc., and it was thought wise tbat
organized Labor should put its stump
of disapproval upon such merchants and
practice. The opinion was freely expressed that such action would meet
with the approval of merchant* aj*
reaily using the storcycapri and the publie generally.
Tho initiation fee of the union is to
bc raised for mon. It is now $2. After
A.ig. J, it will be $3; after Sept I it.
will be raised to $5. Thc extra fee
will go into the publicity campaign
fund.
If the position of clerks in union
stores is to bc improved by those in
the union now,,it was thought that,
those corning in later ought to pay for
the improvement of the position, and
the money used to cement the best, relations between thc merchant, the clerk
nnil the public.
Street Railway Employees
The executive bourd of Pioneer Division, No, 101, hns rolniiiod the services
•t (ionild G. .McGeer, M. L. A., to look
nfter Ihe interests of Motorman Jos.
Armstrong, who is charged with man*
slaughter as thn result, of the denth of
four civic firemen in Ihe recent ncci*
dent at the corner of Twelfth avenue
uud Commercial drive. The case will
come before Magistrate Shaw in the police court next Monday al 2 p.m.
Vice-president—W. H. Jordan.
.Secretary-treasurer—R. H. Neelands.
Audit Committee—Jl. D. Buchnnan,
W. B. Currie, L. Manning.
Trustees—W. H. Hunt, W. R. Trotter,
Goo. Wilby.
Rending Clerk—II. L, Corey,
Sergoant*at-:irms—A. J. Buckley.
Delegates to Trados nnd Labor Council—Goo. Hartley, R. G. Marshall, E.
W. Summers, W. it. Trotter, W. H. Youhill.
Sick Committee—P. W. Fowler, W H.
Jordan, L. Manning. W. 0. Metzger, J.
W. Stebbiugs.
International officers for next two
years:
President—Marsden G. Scott, 25; Edward W. Morcock, 48.
First Vice-president—Walter W. Barrett, 24; Fred J. Terry, 4(1.
Seeretary-trensurer—J. W, Havs, 2-1;
W. E. Merritt, 48.
Board of Auditors—Fred Barker, 53j
Philip Johnson, 17.
Delegates to A, P. of 1„—Max S.
Hayes, 25; Flunk Morrison. CO; T. W.
McCulIough, 22; Frank J. Bonnington,
07; William Young, 10: John II. Ferguson, 41; T. O. Parsons, 12; Chnrlos P.
Howard, 52; Joseph E, Ooodkoy, 7.
Trustees Union Printers Home— Malcolm A. Knock, 17; Michael I'nwell, 57;
Waller E. Ames, 42; George P. Nichols,
18; William Mounce, 11; William E
Armstrong. 47; William E. O'Ldnry,
•'18; n. Hud nick, 13.
Delegate to Trades nad Lnbor Con
gross of Cnnndn—Samuel Haddon   47
Agent Union Printers Horn roe M
Johnson.
The regular monthly i ling will be
held on Sunday, Mny BO, at 2 p.m., nl
winch the ncwly-oloolcd offlcors nud
members of committees will be installed.
OPPOSED  TO WOMEN
CONDUCTORS ON CARS
Will Refuse to Operate Oars or Insttuct
Women in Training on Oars
Toronto   Stroot   Railway   employees
hnvo taken an antagonistic attitude to
tlie proposal of Ike compnny to train
women us conductors for
many vncan-
Tho membership of tho Americnn
Federntinn of Labor hns increased from
2(14,825 to over 2,730,000 on Mnv 1,
1918.
at-u made hy the calls to war. At a bit
mass-mooting ou Snnday morning the
organized employees of the company
passed a resolution Hint they would refuse to operate cars, or instruct women
in training on ears.
The resolution declared thnt the work
would be too strenuous for women, also
tlmt any positions vacant could be better filled by returned soldiers.
It. was declared by ,1,*, nmy ,p,.nl,„rs
Hint the manager of the street railway
wns preparing for Mill, when tho agree*
mont expired by having women rondy
to Inke the ears if the men refused to
accede to his reply to H„.ir „.„„., ,],,.
munds.
Crothers' Evasive Reply.
Ottawa, May 15, 1918.
"Victor R, Midgloy, Esq.,
"Secretary Trades
"and Lnbor Council,
"Vancouvor, B. c.
"Dear Sir:—In   reply  to your mes*
sago of the 14th,  [  muy   my   that   j
tnink it probable you hnve been misinformed when you say that the C  P. R.
"'d notified all its dining car employoes
(hut they will be dismissed unless thoy
sever their connection  with tho Canadian   Brotherhood   of   Railway    Employees.   I have heard it said that tho
company proposes to replace thoir snid
white employees  by  colored   onos   in
order that the former may bo released
tor other essential work.
"Yours faithfully,
"T. W. CROTHERS."
JAMES C. FLEMING
AT REX ON SUNDAY
Will Speak on a Subject of Much Interest to Citlsens, "Patriotism False and True"
James C. Fleming, u well-known British Columbia rebel, will lecture in the
Rox theatre next Sunday evening, under thc uuspices of the Federated Lnbor
Party. His subject for the evening will
be: "Patriotism, False nad True." Tho
doors will be opened at 7:30, und tho
orchestra will render selections till 8
p.ni., and again dining the collection.
Ihe following Sunday n benefit concert
will be lii-iil iii the Orpheum theatre for
the bonefit of Ihe relatives of the eity
lirenii'ii who were recently accidentally
killed,
Another Now B. C. F. of L. Affiliation
Tbo Olvlo  Employees' union, Knin*
oops, is the ini,.„ organisation to onl-
in e  with   the  B.   C.   Federation   of
Labor.
And Still They Cornel
vi,r!rlr,"i Mlno.r8' ""io" -* ■■■<* ship-
fw „f r",r" U"'""' V«"*="«ver, afo
wo it ta,, |atoat unions to subscribo
j" 1 body for The Federationist Tal*
'ntter h„» a membership of ovor HHIO.
The tnstraets of woman nnd the in
lerosts of Labor'ore conjoined in the
union label. Both stand fnr clennliness,
morality, the care of the young, the
sanctity of the home; both stand
ngainst strife and force. Thc union
Inbel mnkes woman the strongest, as
she is tho gentlest of Ood's crcnlures.
Vancouverites
Wire Greetings
to Winnipeg
Night Lettergram
"Vancouver, B. C,
.,,,, .... May 22, 1918.
tt. Robinson,
"Labor Temple,
"Winnipeg, Man.
"Vancouver Trades and Labor
council wishes to extend, through
you, to the striking organisations
of Winnipeg the sympathy and
snpport of the Vancouvor Labor
movement.
"Wo trust that they will unitedly stay with tho present Strug*
glo until the principles for which
thoy uro contending, arc clearly
conceded. Wc oro looking for
the 'nigger in tho woodpile" our-
selvos ut thc presont timo.
"V. B. MIDGLEY,
"Secretory." PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
SLATER'S
QUALITY     SERVICE
FREE DELIVERY
Pork and Beans, 3 for.  25c
Sardines, 3 for _  25c
Peas, per can  15c
Peaches, per can  20c
Pears, large size tins  20c
Salmon, 2 for ,  25c
Potted Beef, 3 for ...  25c
Seeded Raisins, per package  10c
Not-a-Seed Raisins, 2 for  25c
Tomatoes, per can .  15c
Slater's Cheese, per 16.  40c
EXTRA SPECIAL
Wild Rose Flour, 10-tb. paper sack, Saturday
only (with other groceries)    65c
SLATER'S
131 Hastings Street East.   Seymour 3262
830 Granville Street.   Seymour 866
3214 Main Street.   Fairmont 1683
SAVE MONEY HERE ON
HOLIDAY FURNISHINGS
50c Balbriggan
Underwear"	
$1.50 Summer
Combinations
$1.50 and $2 Cambric    <M   4 C
29c
$1.15
and Zeyphr Skirts .
50c Genuine English
Llama Sox, 3 prs. .
$1.25
$5.00 Newest Shapo      tf>Q QC
Panama Hats  •pQasSU
$3.00 and $3.50 New
Straw Hats 	
$1.50 Jap Crepe
Sport Shirts	
Heavyweight WLitc
Duck Pants 	
$2.45
$1.15
$1.95
$
5
Present this ad. on Saturday, May
25th, and we will accept it as $5.00
in the purchase price of any suit in
the store.
ARNOLD & QUIGLEY
546 ORANVILLE STREET
Select Your Hat
—where you  have  tho widest   range of
choice.
In onr stock today you'll find tho newest and most likeable headgear turned out
by the leading Hat makers of the land.
You can get a
SOFT FELT OB DEBBY
hore that will havo the merit of perfect
fit, pleasing shade and satisfying shape.
13.00 op to |6.00
Tb* Beit in OAFS, $1.00 to $2.50
Richardson & Potts
LIMITED
417 OranviUe St.    Near Oor. Hastings
SUMMER GOODS
LIGHTWEIGHT UNDERWEAR—Tn combinations and two-
piece suits.   Prices range from 50c per single garment up.
SPORTS AND OUTING SHIRTS-ln plain and fancy designs,
from $1.25 up.
WORKING SHIRTS—Tn black and dark shades, from $1.25 up.
WORKING GLOVES—From 50c to $2.50.
CARHARTT OVERALLS—Jumpers and combination suits.
BOYS'   OFFICIAL  S. 0. S.  SUITS-$3.00.
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
Tel. Sey. 702
309 to 315 HASTINGS ST. W.
Victoria Day
Trips
B. C. Electric lines provide safe, cheap,
dependable transportation for the holiday
Fare and Third on Fraser Valley—Tickets
selling May 23 to 26; good for return until
May 27.  Spend the week-end fishing.
North Shore—Capilano, Lynn Valley and
Seymour Creek afford fine picnic grounds.
Take the kiddies out for a jaunt.
Observation Car—The B. C. Electric Observation Car will make its usual daily trips at 10
a.m., 2, 4 and 7:30 p.m., leaving Robson and
Granville.  Fare 25 cents.
CtirGskeettric
Resurrection and
******       ******      ******       ******
Reconstruction
[By Goorge R. Kirkpatrick, in Social-
Builder]
Tor fifty years Germany prepared
for war. But a single error, an immor-
tul—nnd fortunate—blunder, doomed
Germany to ultimate defeat in this war.
Early in September, 1914, General Von
Kindt, with Paris, the heart and brain
of France, plainly an easy possiblo capture, stupidly—and fortunatoly—blundered—lioplcssly blundered—and exposed his right flank. With Paris in
his iron fist, by threatening to plunder
and then b.irn that proud and beautiful city, tlio core of Farnce, ho could
have brought the nation promptly to
Hor knees in humbling terms of peaco
—nnd thus thrust her out of tho war;
or, by actually plundering, thon burning Paris, he could have broken the
heart and courage of Frnnco—and
thus soon have had hor out of tho war.
.Supremo blunder! For many 'miles he
exposed his right flank. The Fronch
and the English saw—and rushed to
the attack and struck hard. They
struck ferociously and gloriously hard!
The battle of the Manic began—and
tho great that fixed defeat. Von
Kluck's egregious error cost Germany
millions of men, billions of treasure,
years of agony, and fastened hor to
final defeat in tho world war. As a
man might raise his arm to recoivo a
knife-thrust in tho heart, so Von Kluck
vastly exposed the right flank of his
army—and lost tho war for Germany.
Likewise, Capitalism has for . centuries built itself for ever greator conquests; for fifty years Capitalism has
filled the world with the wild din of
feverish preparation for profit-victories
increasingly vast. And as Von Kluck
in this world war exposed his flank and
failed, so Capitalism in this war, with
this war, through this war, exposes itself, fatally exposes both flanks—exposes its rotten foundations, exposes its
purposes, exposes its methods, exposes
its hideous results; thus capitalism exposes itself, its hideous rotten self,—
and begins to fail—seals its own fate.
The heaviest artillery ever levelled
against any socinl structure already is
tinned upon Capitalism. As tho war
continues, Capitalism is widely, deeply
exposed—by itself. Tho mighty armament of fundamental criticism is driv-
ng into tho exposed structures of tlio
system. This disintegrative criticism,
driving straight for the heart of Capitalism, already lias the capitalists in a
panic of fear. It's true. It's actually
true I Ecach successive month of tho
war drives the system tlmt produced it
right on to its own rain—by forcing
tlio system to expose itself. The humblest workers of the world, increasing
millions of them, more and more break
in upon bn th I'nils of Capitalism with
tue heavy artillery of plain, potent,
common sense criticism of tho present
industrial system.
Tlio unsocial .'.'urposo of capitalist
production is ox posed—and therefore i<-i
attacked.
Tho unsocial Method of cupititJist
production is opoted—and therefore is
attacked.
The unsocial F.ivults of capitalist
production are exposed and the system
that produces them is thereforo attacked.
The system is exposed in its heart
and soul; and like the French and thc
English at the battle of tho Marne,
the workers of the world rush to the
attack—and attack splendidly, gloriously. Tho systom that rules nnd
wrecks tho world is attackod with infinitely moro vigor and intelligence by
the Many than ever bofore was known.
Its doom is sealed by tho war which
it could not prevent and which it can
not stop in time to confuse tho workers' understanding of thc system. The
rest of the war will do the rest for
Capitalism.
From the ruins of tho war tho workers will rise, intellectually resurrected,
—resurrected also in character and courage. This war spoils death for Capitalism—and Resurrection for tho working class.
In uctual practice, in every day's
procedure in the conduct of tho war,
right before our eyes, Capitalism weakens because it is false, and fails in a
crisis becauso it is false; and, forced
by hourly exigencies, the statesmen of
Capitalism nnd tho captains of capitalist industry, blushingly acknowledge
what thoy have denied and we socialists have aflirimed for two-thrids of n
century.
The war is Capitalism in first phase
of collapse. Tho criminal systom confesses in collapse and collapses in confession.
Let us rejoice: A big work is nearly
finished—mark that—nearly finished.
That work is the conviction of capitalism in thc Court of Common Sense
of thc Toilers of all thc great countries
nt war. What would have takon the
socialist propagandists another third of
a century to accomplish, is now swiftly
done in nnd through and by the wnr.
Capitalism is exposed—it confesses and
collapses.
You workers of the world, your resurrection now begins, A hundred thousand roaring cannon rouse you—to n
new task. The rattle of millions of
rifles rouses you—to a new tusk. Tho
fires of a thousand burning towns nnd
cities rouse you—to a new task. Thc
spirits of ten million heroic dead rouse
you—to a neW task. Thc ghastly
wrecks of ten million cripples rouse
you—to a new task. Tho ngonieH of
two hundred and fifty million women
rouse you—to a new task. The whim-
poring of your hundreds of millions of
starvelings rouse you—to n now task.
Tho hideous wastage of the fruits of
a generation of toil rouse you—to a
new task. Tho saddling of the world
with fifty or a hundred Millions of debt
is rousing you—to a new tusk. Tho
greedy grunting of fhe swinish profi-
'        rouses you—to a  new kind  of
■ Wha,t is the next order of buBinesB
"i tho affairs of Labor?
Reconstruction!
We must prepare at once to enter
tho new phase of soeial evolution. Some
work already has boen done. Far Inore
demands insistently to be done. Somo
planning has been completed, but vastly moro remains unfinished.
We must change the emphasis of
much teaching from destruction to reconstruction. Every inch of ground
gained by Labor in this war must be
strongly held. Great and violent efforts will be made bv the masters of
capitalism to patch up und hold fast
to thoir system of exploitation of tho
working class. The great Legalized
Thing will be perpetuated—as far as
possible. A thousand crafty moves will
be made to deceive and betray and
disarm Labor—as soon tho cannon cool.
Reaction is planning against Labor
right, now.
Wo must counter-plan.        *
Wc must go right on with the great
revolutionary, evolutionary work—Reconstruction.
AN APPEAL 101
...May 24, 1918
teors
tiiBk. You tollors of the world at war,
rouse and rise at last after the thousands of years of slumber in slavery!
Thjs is Resurrection.
In tlie presence of emperors, czars,
kings, lords, dukes, financiers, and
captains of industry—and in the presence of old laws, old custoniB, old constitutions, nnd old systems—stand erect.
Don't bend. Don't blush, Don't blink.
Refuse to "uncover" in fhe "august
presence" of the "prominent persons"
and '' venerable instil ul ions.'' You
have found yourselves—your class. In
the collapse of Capitalism you nre
resurrected. The event scion tifliinlly
forOtold to you by the socialists, the
(■(illn|.se of Capitalism, now is On the
world's singe.
Journalist   Dissects
Claims of Prussian
Junkers
[From Coast Soamen's Journal]
An open letter, issued by Dr. Hermann Rosemeier, editor of tho Freic
Zeitung in Berne, Switzerland, appealing to the workingmen of the world to
smite Gorman militarism has just been
mado public.
Dr. Rosemeier, who is former leader
of thc Berlin Post, nnd a leader iu the
movement to democratize Germany, ox-
presses tho hope thut tho world's workers will continue thc war until Prussianism is no longer n menace. He fervently prays that allied victory will
bring on u revolt in Germany, and hopes
that ho can help enlighten the workingmen of Europe and America so that
they realize the truo characters of tho
kaisor and his cohorts.
The open letter, which the author
calls "Tho German Imperialists aud
thoir Accomplices," has been printed
in Labor and radical journals of France
and Italy.
The appeal in full follows:
Appeal to the Workers
"Workers of tho entento countries!
It really seems as though you had not
yet comprehended tho renl character of
Gorman Imperialism, tho plans of German Imperialism, the rapacity of German Imperialism, thc strength of German Imperialism, the cruelty of German Imperialism f Truly, you laborers
of tho entonte countries, after three
and a half years more horrible than
the history of mankind has ever known,
you do not yet grasp, in its entirety,
the terrible, awful danger which is
monacing the world.
"There are still many among you
who do not seo or who do not want to
see that the land of Goethe and Kant
and Marx and Lasalle has become the
land of Hindenburg and of the much
moro terrible, cruel aud abominable Lu-
dendorff. There are still many among
you1 who havo not yet lost all faith in
Schcidemann. There are still more
among you who far overestimate the
influence, strength and determination
of the 'Independents,' who are certainly honornblo, but who are for tho present, at least, politically impotent. Thore
are many among you who still cling literally to the dogma of Zimracrwald,
and unthinkingly put all civil governments in thc same category.
Beware of False Leaders
"Far too numerous among you aro
those who permit themselves to be persuaded by tho Gilbaux and the Morgans, by the Henri Gilbaux who now
declares that he in favor of a peace
without annexations' whereas in 1D15
he asserted that for the sake of peace
Franco must agrco to the annexations
which Germany would impose upon her,
and by the Oddino Morgari who bogs
money from the bourgeois capitalists
and who finds that tho Austrian rule
in Lombardy was quito unbearable,
"Your ancestors, you socialist laborers, had a different idea: when the
Austrian rascal, Haynau, who was
called the 'hyena of Brescia' and who
had women publicly whipped in heroic
Brescia, camo to England, he was beaten up by the socialists there. And
would you be the tools of Imperialism?
"Workers of tho entente countries,
yon must see whnt tho issue is. Gor-
many is and will always be the citadel of European reaction. Today more
so than ever before. The plan of the
almighty Imperialism whose willing
servant is the 'old intriguer'—as he
was called in my presenco by one of
his party associates—Count Hortling-—
is aiming to slurt revolutions everywhere in order to appear in tho defenseless countries us the 'savior of
society* and to be paid for his rolo of
savior by the frightened bourgeoisie in
land, to be ceded to him.
Workors of the entente countries,
docs not the turn of affairs in Russia
show you that such iB tho case? Germany permitted Russian revolutionists
nnd Gorman deserters to travel through
Germany, and through her Ambassador
von Romberg is negotiating with the
Swiss Robert Grimm, in order flrst of
all to paralyze the Russian front by
sabotage.
"This proved only too successful.
There was a suspension of hostilities,
there was an armistice, there wero negotiations. Germany talked of tho
right of self-determination' of tho nations. But when sho had tho Russian
delegates around tho table—in a city
occupied Ity Prussian troops—then sho
threw off hor mask. The Prussian General Hoffman rattled his sword and in
insolent Junker tone snarled nt the
delegates of the Russian proletariat,
and it was demanded of tho Russian
socialists of the Loft that they recognize the so-called 'Courland Diet,' a
I'onventiele of slaveholders of a foreign race, as the legitimate representation of a nation of millions,
Bolsheviki and "German Rule"     ■
"But   thnt   was   not   cough.    Thej
same German press which could at first
not aay enough in praise of the Bolsheviki, is now overflowing with insults and affronts against the 'Maximalist robbers,' and the Wolff Telegraph Agoncy is circulating message
after message- in which the owners of
those parts of Russia not yet occupied
by German troops express the wish to
come 'Under Gorman Rule'—as is said
with cynically opon insolence.
'' What ' German rule' means for the
laboring class—must I explain that to
/uu? Look at Riga, where a few days
after tho entry of the German troops
the leading inembers of the Soviet were
shot. Look at tho occupiod districts
of France, where tho German slave-
hunters inaugurated razzias against
women and children and Gorman offl-
cers took great delight in disciplining
defenseless children with lashes of tho
whip.
"Glance at Belgium, where countlesB
thousands have boon deported and
among the remaining population tho
farce of a 'popular vote' is enacted,
which is but a now illustration of what
the German govornment, this abject servant of tho genoral staff, understands
by 'the right of solf-dotormination.'
And glanco at Germany herself,
whore tho noble Liebknecht has boon
in prison for nearly two years; whero
tho bravo Dittman has just boen sentenced to five years' hard labor; whore
the valiant Kurt Eisner has been arrested; whero thousands uro in jail, and
whoro starving masses after an attempt to break thoir chains were returned to the treadmill of war capital,
"But—you will surely interrupt mc—
the strike did show that tho German
masses do not havo the same ideas as
the German war party, that the German people are not responsible for the
doeds of their leaders and rulers and
lhat the German nation may not bo
blamed for all tho misdeeds which itB
military despots commit daily and hourly. And many of you will say: You
must admit that you aro painting the
picture too black. Tho danger is not as
great as you mako it. The danger will
be overcome not by tho arms of the
capitalistic ontonto states, but by the
Gorman revolution.
"Workers of tho Entente countries,
certainly, there are still in Gormany in
nil the classes, even in the junker and
officers' corps, many good, honest,
splendid men and women. I admit without further argument that there aro
still many personally decent people,
even in the war party—though they are
indeed, far outbalanced by the rascals,
scoundrels, roguos, blackguards and raving maniacs.
"German Revolution Will Oome"
"There arc still in Gormay—and I
say Ihis with both pride and hppc—
many revolutionary-inclined men and
women, who are resolved lo risk everything in order to break tho power of
the Junker and military caste, tho most
brutal class which thc world has known
since the days of Genghis Kahn and
Tamerlane. I do not doubt, and, in
fact, affirm with pleasure and satisfaction, that tho revolutionary determination of the brave fighters of the wars
of liberation finds a powerful ally in the
great fermentation among the laboring
classes. I am also convinced that the
German revolution will come.
"Tho Junkers nnd their associates in
Gormany are also convinced that it will
come. But they cherish the hopo that
thc revolution will break out everywhere else first; that this will give them
timo to win tho world war; that this
victory will enable thom either to nip
in the bud the revolution in Germany
or to suppress it with terrible bloodshed, and that thon tho victorious counter-revolutionary Germany will exerciso
its world supremacy as the nucleus of
au authoritative league of nations like
the Holy Alliance.
The New Unholy Alliance
"A new 'Holy Alliance' which will
nullify tho achievements of the Twentieth, of the Nineteenth and even of the
Eighteenth centuries, a holy trinity of
Capital, SU'ord and Holy-Water-Stock,
an 'order' of ruling bourgeois, who are
in turn ruled by Prussian Junkerism,
as thc topmost stratum of the world,
entire humanity doing homago directly
or indirectly to tho German ruling
caste; that is the ideal of the people
who despite a 'parliamentary ministry,'
dospito strikes and Schiedemann, nro
ruling Germany and subjecting a rich
land and a strong, industrious people
from Lille to Mosul and from Riga to
Damascus to their will.
"Ifeyou do not believe me, workers
of thc Entente countries, then read the
speeches of thc meu of the German opposition; or even bettor, read tho articles, books, newspapers, speeches of the
German war party itself. Read, in tho
Krouz-Zeitung,' tho organ of the conservative—that is to say, the ruling party
in Prussia—how Wolfgang Eisenhnrt
declares that Germany has the right to
make war on the other countries, but
that thc latter have not the right to
make war on Germany, for Germany is
destined for world supremacy. Remember that tho leader of the same party,
the powerful war propagandist, von
Heydcbrnnd, at a meeting attended by
thousands of people, set up the theory
that only the Germans were really human beings.
"And do not bolieve thnt these are
merely theorios. Tho German genernl
staff acts according to these principles.
It hns just givon evidence of it. The
samo general staff which has masses of
propaganda dropped into the lines of
tho Entonte army, imprisons English aviators for doing tho same thing; tho
same German general staff which continually subjects London and recently
Paris to air raids, is indignant when
'open' Germnn citios are bombarded.
The codo of laws of the Prussian Junkers uud military casto is simply tbis
—•unrestricted powor for us, for the
others no rights whatsoever.
"Workers of the Entento countries,
do you want to do tho new Genghis
Kahns nnd Tamcrlanes, who far surpass
their prototypes, the favor of paving
the way for their world supremacy by
ruining the power of tho Entento? Do
you wish to mako the scourges with
which thoso despots will chastise you
aftor you have helped them to attain
their ends? Do you want to help smother tho coming revolution in Germany by
strengthening the power of its mortal
enemies? I)o you wunt to bring to
yourselves and your children the horror
and thc misery of Prussian slavery?
Do yoa wish to lay nt tho feet of tho infamous hypocrite William and his scoundrelly son, the old homelands of revolution, England and France, as unwilling
victims of tlieir horrible cruelty and
their unbounded lust for plundor?
"Workers of tho Entente counlrics!
Humanity, liberty, the future, the German revolution, the laboring class in
Germnny itself, insofar as it has come
to its senses, implore you to grit your
teeth and bear for a whilo longer the
terrible, indescribable misery of this
most awful of all wars, until it has been
carried to a successful conclusion for the
free nations; until the bloody Cerberus
of Prussian militarism has been shattered; until the guarantee is given that
thiB most cruel and sacrificial of all wars
will be the last war of all."
WOMAN'S PART IN
BRITISH INDUSTRY
Women Employed Number 80 Fer Cent.
in Some War Material
Factories
The revolutionary changes wrought
by women in British industry were recently referred to by a writer who L__
toured tho munitions industry. Women
drive all the overhead travelling cranes.
Womon are handling shells weighing
225 pounds. A group of four women
will lift four thousand 28-pound shells
and load them on trucks. Somo of the
lathe women handle five tons of shells
a day. One girl runs an ordinary plain
lathe cutting off rectangular brass tubes
in sections of a quarter inch at the rate
of 15,000 a day.
Except in the making of tools, tanks,
airplane engines and explosives ,the women with the help of tumors, millers,
tool setters and foremen are practically
turning out tho whole material of war.
In some of tho factories tho womon
number 80 por cont. of tho wholo working staff, and thero aro cases whoro the
proportion goes up to 00 per cont.
Women are becoming increasingly in
evidence in the fiolds of Saskatchewan's
farms. It is a common sight to see women driving four-horse teams hitched
to soeders, gang plows and harrows, and
that, in quite a number of places, womon havo also been seen driving small
tractors. It is a common thing in the
foreign settlements for tho womon to
work on the farm but, until recently,
women of Anglo-Saxon birth and upbringing have not worked in the fields
of the west save when gardening.
S. T.Wallace's
Marketeria
"You Benefit"
118 HASTINGS W.
Sey. 784 and 1266.
Rogers' Golden Syrup, -4 lbs. 44c
Wine Sup Apples, No.
grade, por box	
1
..$2.75
Pacific Milk, per tin  lie
Clark's Soups, 2 for  26c
Canada First Pork & Beans,
por tin   10c
Prepared Chicken, large tin.. 60c
Prunes, per lb  10c
Salmon, pink, %-Ib. tins  12c
Quaker Oats, cubes   28c
Table Syrup, at, por bottle.... 41c
Sweet Clover, per lb  30c
MEAT SPECIALS
Splendid stock of vcnl  at
special week-end prices.
Try Saturday shopping for your
houso supplies at Wallace's just
onco. Then you'll becomo ono of
our increasing host of regular customers.
'S. O. 8." {Save Our Supplies)
—Canada Food Board.
Bring me your
eye troubles
<J If your eyes are causing you
pain, or if you suspect them of
having anything to do with any
uneasiness, nervousness or headache—bring them in to me and
permit me to make a thorough
optometrical examination.
Ifl It may bo thnt your eyes are
defective. But no matter what
their condition, this examination
will reveal it accurately and
without a doubl. No drops or
drugs are used and tho minutely
accurate instruments I employ do
not come in contact with the eye.
If a defect is revealed I can find
you tho lenses that will correct
it without fail.
fl Won't you avail yourself of
the eyesight service I offer. It
is unsurpassed on the American
continont. My charges are moderate, indeed.
Seymour  1993
J. D. GAMBLE
Manager
Qranvllle Optical Co.
549 OBANVILLE STBEET
Below Drysdale rs
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—IWSLTI MEW TABLES—
(Br-uawi-*k-Bilk« Oollender Co.)
—-H.kdiURrtere for Union Mun--
Union-mad*   Tobfteoti    Olgtrf   and
Cij.r.tt.i
Only Whito Holy Bnplo-ffd
42 Hastings St. East
rAQOOE!
Blouses Are New
AND ABE
Quaint whimsies of soft silks
that look like happy springtime. Trimmings are quite
fine and not too much to
look common—just a spray
of flowers with bead-worked
blossoms, or perhaps the silk
only is used. Anyhow
they're all new and extremely pretty.
Blouses of Crepe de Chine—
$2.98 to $11.00
Blouses of Georgette, from—
f 5.95 to $14.00
Blouses of Habutai from—
S3.25 to $5.50
Every good blouse color is to be
seen in a number of styles.
Sweater Coats of
Knitted Silk
All that we can' do is to say they
are now nnd that wo havo them.
Thore aro bo many different
stylos and such a variety of
colors that wo could not list them
all. Colors aro generally bright
but somo aro most quiet.
$7.60, $8.95, $12.60, $12.06, 913.06,
$16.00, $17.60 up to $36.00
Saba Bros.
Limited
TAe Silk Specialists
652 ORANVILLE STRUT
BETTEE COFFEE IS NOT
SOLD TODAY. BETTEE OOI*-
FEE CANNOT BE HAD—NO
MATTES HOW MUCH YOU
PAY.
Empress Coffee
has tlie strength, the purity, tho
flavor that appeals at once to lho
most discriminating taste.
40 Cents Per Lb.
Put up in a sanitary, double-lined
package instead of tho old tin
container. It means a saving to
you of 10 cents per pound.
Ask your Grocer today for
EMPRESS   COFFEE
THE UNION
TOOL SHOP
When you got your order from
your Union for tools destroyed in the great Coughlan fire, bring it to tho
Union Shop, tho only hardware storo in Vancouver
that makes a specialty of
Tools For
All Trades
We have just received a new stock
of the celebrated Drew calking
mallets and irons. Hero is the
list with prices:
CALKING MALLETS
Each
Drew's "Mistiult"  $10.00
Drew's "Live Oak," No. 8-0   7.B0
Drew's "Livo Oak," No. 2-0   6.60
CALKING IRONS
Drew's Best Qunlity. Beat....f2.25
Drew's Best Quality, Regular 2.00
Wa liavo also n stock of Deck,
Spiko and Sharp Calking Irons.
J. A. Flett Ltd.
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Hutliga stmt Wtit
THE OPERATOR AND THB TELEPHONE USER WORK TOGETHER
Real, helpful, animate servico is what
the telephone operator gives. She Ib
trained to her work, her every movomont
is made instinctively as tho result of constant practise. Her efforts are always
directed toward giving service; it bo-
comos habit. To do otherwise, she would
have to derange hor daily course of action.
With considerate co-operation on tho
part of the subscriber, telephone service
should bo well-nigh perfect.
B. 0. Telephone Oompany, Ltd.
tfelcs ffcoVvjob OmOIAL   FAFBB   VAVOOUVBB
HIDES  AID  LABOB   OOUBOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OmOIAL  FAPBB   MldM  tOIr
DUMA  rBDlXATIOa  Of   LABOB
TENTH YEAR.   No. 21
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 24,1918
N
EGLECT of the teeth leads to pain and discomfort,
and, if continued, to a serious condition of ill health.
Replace Your Missing Teeth
With New Ones!
DB. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth
that in many instances will do the work as well and
look better than your original teeth.
Dr, Lowe's prices, value considered, are reasonable,
DR. LOWE, Dentist
(Opposite Woodward's Big Store)
108 Hastings St. W., Oor. Abbott,     Phone Sey. 5444
The Best Drugs
On the market are to be obtained
at our stores. We stand behind the
quality. With our own wholesale
we can save you money on your
everyday purchases.
Visit our stores, inspect our goods,
compare our prices.
VANCOUVER DRUG CO.
LIMITED
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
MAIN STORE:
405 Hastings St. W. Phones Sey. 1965 & 1966
FIVE BRANCH STORES
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
901 D0MIHI0V BUHDIKO
OOBNER CAMBIE AND HASTINOS STREETS
RING UP SEYMOUR 2354 FOR APPOINTMENT
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
SAM M. SCOTT
THE BOYS' CLOTHING SPECIALIST
t Granville Street Seymour 5715
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulks, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
8—STORES—2
48 Hastings Street East, Sey.. 988-672 — 728 Qranvllle Street, Bey. 9513
A Well-dressed Man Is the Mm Who Wears a
"T. & D." SUIT
the kind that always holds its shape, because only
the very best interlinings are used in its make-up.
You can get them only from us, and they will not
cost you any more than the ordinary make. Prices,
$14.85, $18.85, $21.00, $26.50 and $31.50.
For young boys, you can save $3.00 on each suit by
buying them from us at $4.25, $5.50, $6.85, $8.85 and
$13.50.   Investigate these statements.
We offer special prices on Men's Work Shirts for
Saturday and following week, as well as a large assortment of W. G. & R. Fine Shirts, at $1.25, which
are worth $2.25.
We are agents for Peters' "Brotherhood" Overalls.
T. B. HILL
117 Hastings St. East
GOOD SLAVE DRIVER
How Wage Slave Avouches
the Exceeding Virtue of
His Overseer
Other Incidents Dug From
the Rotten Junk Pile
of Current Events
[By Wultor Hood]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, May 21,-
Lost Saturday ovoning was the soono
of jubilation. Owing to tho necessity
of cutting down expenses, tho local coal
company tied the can to tho underground mino boss, and on Saturday
night tho miners of South Wellington
showed thoir love for said boss by stag-
ing a social time and presenting him
and his wife with a handsome watch
each.   We have diligently searched his*
t*7J°l a/"al¥' Mi so &r «*<• hovo
failed to ind whero the chattlo slave
ever presented his slave driver with a
7*}' PIossib-Jr watches worn't inven*
toon, but it seems mighty strange to
me. When we understand that tho function of a boss is sitailar to that of tho
slave driver, that the modern slavo
should mako a prosont to his driver I
genorally notice thnt tho niulo presents
his driver with a kick in the slats at
overy opportunity. I have hoard that
tho working animal is an easy mnrk inasmuch as he works for nothing, boards
himself, and koops his master in luxury;
I now know that ho is easier still, for
he givCB thc master's handy mnn n
prosent, and, of course, I realize that
our old friend, Bill Ropor, tho deposed
manager, as far as bosses go, was a
pretty good sort. Ho went very ensy
with the whip, and possibly that may
have had something to do with his sudden demise, and presumably tho men
thought that if ho was not acceptable
to tho powers that be, he must of necessity be too good to the slave. Any wny
to be charitable, I will let it go at that.
A Plot for a Story
However, thero arc sermons in stones
and stories in running brooks, and I
would dearly liko somebody to tell mc
a story based upon the following question: Why will slavos donate to a fund
to buy tho boss n prosont, and turn out
strong to pay him homage when it is a
difficult mattor to got 10 por cont. to
attend a union moeting? Such expressions as "to hell with tho union" are
heard, and tho men who aro spending
thoir timo in trying to bettor conditions
nro subjected to vilificntion nnd abuse?
At a conservative estimate, 150 mon attended this celebration, nnd a mass-
meeting culled to consider vitnl questions, held a short timo ngo, drew tho
magnificent crowd of 5 men.
Wo have hoard it said that tho work*
ing class never throw down their lenders. Now, possibly lhat may bo truo
of the working clnss as a class, but wo
aro uniting for tho day whon the workers will realize thnt they nre a clnss
separntc and distinct from other clnsses
in society, nnd until they do, history
will still continue to record instances of
rebels ngainst the existing order being
thrown to the wolves. Wo hnve only
to take a glnnce through the pages of
history to seo that such is tho ense. Tho
Nazarene was a rebel ngainst the ruling
clnss of his. period. Wo realize that
much, nutkough wo deny any supernatural urigin.
And who was it that said, "crucify
him," but the very people He was trying to emancipate. So on through history do wc lind tho story repented, and
so long as the workors continuo to wor:
ship nt the feet of the boss, just so long
will we have our Fitzgernlds dying in a
pauper's wnrd of n hospital, and our
Tom Mooney's laying in the shadow of
the scaffold.
Dooley spoke truly when ho paraphrased the slogan of Marx, "Workers of
the world, unite, you have nothing to
use but your brains, nnd you haven't
got any.''
Some Slave Antics
Somo timo ago I protested to our International executive board against the
actions of mombers of our organization
in Maryvillc, Illinois, in taking part in
lho lynching of one Robert 1'nul 1'rager.
A reply has been received, in which
thoy commend me upon the attitude I
havo taken. They agree with me in
condemning such tactics, and inform me
lhat nt lenst twolvo men are indicted
oa the chargo of first dogroo murder. I
havo since lenrned from n morning
pnper cnlled Coul Age, that the members of the miner's union at Maryvillc
who nropoSodRoboft l'ragar for membership have been fined .$5000 by their
locnl union. Verily "it is a mad world,
my mastors."
The Beast Gone Mad
Wo aro passing through one of those
periods of the world's history of which
Tom Paine spoke when he Baid: "These
be the times that try men's souls."
Wo ure confronted with the. spectacle
of militarism gone mad. Great cries
are heard throughout the land demanding greater production, and at the snme
timo men nro being taken from the
fnrms to bo fed into thn maw of tlio
military * boast. The farmers of this
district arc working night nnd dny to
get tlieir crops in, and their sons arc being persistently rcf.usod exemption. I
henrd a story n few days ago nbout n
widow a few'miles from here, who plen-
dod for exemption for hor son, who was
working hor ranch, and according to
the story, Bho wns told to lot her ranch
to a Chink.
I hnvo another case of a young mini
who is supporting his widowed mother
and his sister. They linvo a HItlo bit of
land, and he works in the mine owing to
un accident, ho is only able lo perform
liglil work, nnd ho lias been called to
Vnncouvor lo be medically examined.
t Wo hnve another man who appealed
from the decision of the local tribunal,
and before his ease came beforo tlie
locnl appeal judge, ho met with u severe
accidont, sustaining a compound fine
hiro of both brines of the right leg. This
information was laid before the loeal
appenl judge, and exemption was refused.   This decision wns appealed, nnd
("oitTJMST)
$1.50 PER YEAR
OFFICERS OF THB FEDERATED
LABOB PARTY
Prosidont—Gordon J, Kelly,
Vincouver.
SecreUry—W. B. Trotter, .Ubor
Temple, Vancouver.
Treaiurer—Miss Helena Outterldge, Ltbor Temple, Vancouver.
Vice-preaideatB — Victoria, J.
Dakers; Vancouver Ialaad, T.
Westwoll, South WelUnttn; Vancouver, E. T. Kingsley, R. H. Nee-
laid*; New Westminster, W.
Yates; Princo Rupert, Oeo. B,
Casey; West Kctteuay (aorth),
H. Kempster, Revelstoke; West
Kootenay (south), F. PeserUl, Nelson; Grows Nest Pass, H. Beard,
Michel; Boundary, Jas. Roberts,
Coltorn; Slmllkameen, W. Smith,
Hedloy.
THR FEDERATED LABOR
PARTY is organized for the purpose of securing industrial legislation, and for tbe collective ownership and democratic operation of
tho means of wealth production..
The membership fee Ib fixed at
$1 per year, 50 cents of which
goes to the central committee for
the purpose of defraying expenses
ot general organisation work.
The membership roll is open In
each electoral district and all persons are invited to sign who are
willing to and endorse tho objects
of the organization.
Apply to the vice-president of
your district for further lnforma-
KEEPING CLOSE TAB
tho local judge refused leave to appeal.
An application waa then entered appealing direct to the central appeal judge,
and finally the doctor's certificate is
asked for in order to look into the case.
All this red tape to go through when
the local judgo was, as I understand,
notified of tho nature of the man's injuries, both by the doctor and by the
person appealing.
The Machine Age
It looks very much to mc as if applications for exemption are put through a
machine, somewhat similar to a sausage
machine. The application goes through
ut onc end and tlie refusal comes out at
thc othor. Of course, thc fact of this
man having tho misfortune to be born
in Austria may have some bearing upon
tho way in which he has been treated.
Throughout all this tedious correspondence, Begistrar Lennic has shown overy
courtesy, and has performed a disagreeable job in as pleasant a manner as
possiblo, and up till now, exemption hus
been refused to a man who has been
laying in hospital with a badly fractured leg for nearly six weeks, with
very little improvement up to today,
which will probably incapacitate him
for from six months to two years, and
render him unfit for military service for
all time, and if that isn't militarism
gono gone bug house, we would like another nnme for it.
His Fernle Becord
I noticed in last week's Federationist
that Purm asked some one to rise in
their place, and say, whether thiB man
John H. Tonkin is not the man with a
Fernie record. I therefore beg leave to
riso ia my place and sny that I have a
faint recollection of some littlo story to
that effect. I have heard it in many
forms, one of them boing that his nibs
had beon performing tho gladsome job
of spoiling tho spoilers, snid spoilers in
this case being tho Crows Nest Pass
Coal Co. I understand that tho company got next and in turn John H. got
next to the fact that they had got next,
whoreupon ho mado a moonlight Hitting.
I am told thut he was a fugittvo from
justice for sonu. time, and had to surrender before being nllowed to enter
Canada. That is tho story na I heard it
from a fairly authentic source, and if
such is thc case, my admiration for
John H. increases. I wouldn't for one
moment think of condemning him for
robbing tha robbers, but at thc same
time I am not going to mako tho robbery of tho workors any more severe
than it already is, and if I waa the Imperial Munitions Board, and wanted to
keep my mitts un a fair amount of
boodle, I would certainly sec that John
H. didn't put bird lime on his lingers,
for giabbing ships that were not nnilcd
down pretty securely.
B. C. Federation of Labor
Watches All Moves
at Ottawa
Has No Great Admiration
for   Goverment   by
Order-in-Council
VICTORIA, May 22.—The osecutivo
comraittoo of tho B. 0. Federation of
Lnbor iB keeping close tub on current
events in the Lnbor world. And it must
bo conceded thore nre some "events"
transpiring during theso stirring dnys.
Those, too, mny bo only a prelude to
much more of it, if the government continues to ignore the claims of Labor,
and rules only by order-in-council, making no effort or move towards commandeering wealth as well as man-power.
.*.S?!?tar-' A' B- Wells has '"warded
the following self-explanatory telegram:
"Victoria, May 21,1918.
"J. 0. Watters,
"Presidont  Trades and Lnbor Congress of Cnnada,
"Ottawa, Ont.
"Labor circles agitated by this item,
which appeared in nows column of Vancouver Sun last weok, rends:
"Notice to Mariners—Thc Dominion
Publio Utility Board hns issued the following notice: 'Any shipmaBtor engi*
noer or pilot who mny agitato for or
tako part in tho formation of any association or union to arbitrarily hamper
thc public utilities of the country in the
present time of stress or during the
length of the war, will on proof of
some, bo liable to hnvo his ccrtiiicnto
or license cancelled for ail timo.'
"Ascertain promptly if announcement is authoritative und Bunctioncd by
government, and if so, exactly whnt is
motive?"
The Winnipeg Strike
Socrotary Wells has nlso sent the following telegram, bearing on the strike
situation nt Winnipeg:
"Victorin, Mny 21, 1918.
"Bt. Hon. Sir B. L. Borden,
"House of Commons,
Ottawa, Ont.
"PresB credits you with statoment
that men out on strike in city of Winnipeg, in sympathy with Civic Employees, may be classed bb idlers undor
recent order-in-council.
"Organized Labor, ns represented by
the British Columbia Fedorntion of
Labor, protests ugainst any such at*
tompt to curtail tho workers in their
efforts to secure decent conditions and
wages."
A Message
To Our Good
Workmen-
The Government is not only drafting
the BETTER MEN—that is the Working Men, they are also taking all the
Better Grades of Overall Denim, in
colors that suit them.
They want our CARHARTT QUALITY in our plain blue color, and to help
them out, will you please ask your
dealer for your CARHARTT size in
"Black" or "Blue and White-woven
Stripe."
Hamilton Carhartt
Cotton Mills, Ltd.
(VANCOUVER UNIT)
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
speaker was that both the socialists and
the Independent Lnbor Party would ultimately unite in a common cause.
Particularly Good Men's Shoes
Men who come here for Shoes are always
glad they did so.
Our Shoes Bhow superior style and quality
at once—and they will show it as long
as you wear them.
Look for the Union Label—It's
n  guarantee  of quality.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
066 OBANVILLE STBEET
Tli« Union Shoe Store
I
GET 11 POLITICS
Few Things So Servile As
Average Member of
Parliament
That tlie lime hud como for Labor
men to get togethor nnd form an Independent Labor Party in tho political
(ield, sending their representatives lo
parliament, was the opinion expressed
by J. C, Watters, president of the
TradeB and Labor C'.mgress of Canndn,
at a meeting in Toronto last week, called by tho Independent Labor Party.
At the.snmo time President Watters emphasized the point that such a movement ahould be made apart from the
trndes unions, which wore formed aud
should bo conducted solely to deal with
economic quostions.
Labor, ho aaidj lind ns yet not taken
an active part in federal politics, for it
was realized that Labor wns not then
strong enough to win a pithced battle
in tho economic field.
At tho last election men had, it waa
true, come together to tako a stand
with regard to certnin improvements,
but they had in the end proved themselves creatures of habit and followed
their old groove of thought and act inn-
There wore, unfortunately, many polili-
cians masquerading us Labor men.
In thia connection Mr. Watters emphatically denied the published report
that ho had expn-swed his readiness to
support Union government. He had
dono no sueh thing. He had expressed
his readiness to eo-operute with the
Union government in lho interests of
Labor. In passing, he mentioned the
fact that iu his opinion thore were fow
things so servile ns the nvorugu ineniber
of parliament
In reference to the question of the
Canadian Norlliern, Mr. Watters remarked Hint the government hnd not
made uny defenee when the opposition
mnde its ehnrge, lint hnd, by turning
the pnges of history and pointing to tho
matter of the Grand Trunk Pacific, railway, contented itself with the ropnrlee
of "you're nnolhor."
An interesting form-asl made by the
"Walk Upstairs and Save Ten"
Like Playing Baseball
Expense Is "Struck Out"
THE "expense account" comes to bat only "semi-occasionally" here.
When it gets to the plate I usually "strike it out."   I never let it "get
^    on base" if I can possibly help it.   It's a mighty unpopular player in the
"line-up" of Robinson's policy.   And I never expect to let it get very high.
Guaranteed
FIT
Alterations
FREE
THERE isn't any "change of pace" or "luck" in buying about the Robinson values. I always save you $10 on your clothes, because I've permanently arranged to save on my expenses. My second-floor rent is low. In
the matter of charging goods, my expense account bats absolutely zero. The
matter of delivery costs are on the "bench"—"off the field." That's why
this store has a "batting average" for money saving that makes it lead the
clothing league.   '' Walk upstairs and save ten."
My Guarantee
If you can duplicate elsewhere my 821.00 clothes
for less than $30.00 to $32.00, and my $25,00 clothes
for less than $36.00, OOME BAOK AND OET
YOUR MONEY.
I Give 10</o Discount
To Returned Soldiers
Robinsons Clothes Shoos
SUITS v OVERCOATS
The Largest Exclusive/*!
VANCOUVER
WINNIPEG
OTTAWA
TORONTO
MONTREAL
Two Stores
RAINCOATS, DRESS SUITS
jL Clothiers  in Canada
__W____
"      ail
ROBiMSOn
MHSESTSBT
UHiTAIF ~
5PIN-5*L TIU 9*30 R M,
I
VANCOUVER
CORNER HASTINGS
AND RICHARDS STS.
(Over World Offlco)
Entrance 441 Hastings St, PAGE FOUR
THE  BRITISH  COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY...
..May 2*4, 1918
111 B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by tbe B. 0.
Federatlonist, Limited
B. Parm. Pettipiece Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Beymour 7405
After 6 p.m.: Soy   7497K
Subscription: $1.50 por year;    in Vancouver
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
In a body, $1.00
"Unity of Labor:   tbe Hope of the World'
FBIDAY Mny  24,  1018
Bl
„UT A SHOUT timo ugii wo luid
hore in Vancouver n strike of
civio employeea. A stubborn
bunch of pinlioudod oity councillors
thought they could exorcise a threatening demand for
VIVID PLASHES moro food that
ALONG THE camo   from    insia-
HORIZON. tent stomachs that
would notj becnuso
they could nol, bo mollified by the scanty allowance doled out by tho city as
wages. Filially the phlheads discovered their impotency at lho art of bluff,
swagger and German frightfulness, and
with ill grace granted the poor boon
asked. .Now the self-same sort of an
affair is on at "Winnipeg, only upon a
much larger scule. Some thousands of
workers in various industries are out
in Bympathy with the civic employeos—
including the firemen—and still others
are expected (o come out. A city council fully as brilliant as that happily
possessed by this city of Vancouver, is
just as incapable of reading the "handwriting upon the. wall" as was the caso
here. A similar strike is threatened
at Victoria, involving not only tho city
firemen, but something like ten thousand shipyard workors. In fact it seems
<•* as though a veritable epidemic of labor
disturbances is nbout to sweep tho
land.
*        *        *
And what olse is to be expected? In
tho face of the already terrible world
conditions, conditions that arc daily
and hourly becoming worse, what other
result that rebellion and revolt can be
reasonably expected among the slavos
of this ruling class' regime, whoso
sufferings aro becoming accentuated
each day? Can a mad ruling cli
world long continue thc delectatablc
process of murdering and dostroying
upon tho present unprecedented scale
without bringing its entire establishment of slavery, plundor and piracy
down upon ita own head? Can hundreds of millions of slaves be dedicated to the deadly purpose, thereby
turning their labor from useful and essential purposes to those that arc not
only non-essential, but criminally destructive and so terribly wasteful,
without bringing such a ruling class
civilization Boonor or later to complete
ruin? That which is happening with
evor increasing emphasis all over the
continent affords ample proof that the
limit of humun endurance is being rapidly reached and, sooner or later, an upheaval will be due that will shake this
continent as it has never been shaken
before. There are many ominous
flashes along the Hocinl horizon thut
grimly presago tho coming of a storm
that will sweep away a lot of reaction*
ary rubbish of ideas and clenr tlio at
mosphero of the deadly gas nnd poison
fumes that render life now well nigh
impossible for the slaves of modern
capitalism.
# * #
And now comos word thnt all tho
shipyard workers of Vancouvor ond
Victoria, outside of some two or throe
concerns, havo laid down their tools until the employors see fit to come
through with an advance in wages
made imperative owing to tho increased cost of living. Tho atmosphoro from
Toronto to tke Pacific coast seems to
be pretty well surcharged with tho
spirit of revolt. The sympathetic
response of thousands of unionists to
the call of their striking brothers to
como to thoir aid by also striking, is
onc of tho most significant phases of
thc present situation. It at least shows
thnt the spirit of class solidarity is
gaining strength among tlio workers
and affords a most choonng augury for
the future. The attention, howover, of
tho rank und file of organized labor
should be called to the remarkuble
unanimity of action among the ofliciul
beads of the international unions in repudiating all sympathetic strikes upon
tlie part of subordinate unions, Horo,
in turn, is a class solidarity oxpresned
upon the part of the governing officialdom of organized labor, that points
conclusively to a suspicious connection,
to say the least, between that official
class of organized labor and tho officialdom of tho powers that bo, Nothing could well be clearer than that a
no inconsiderable part of tho officialdom of the international unions is
working as zealously nnd earnestly in
behalf of ruling class interests, as
would be the case if it was actually
.■employed for the very purpose, and
well recompensed for the dirty job at
that. There are altogether too many
labor union officials, all the way from
the heads of the internntionnl unions
-down to potty business agents and
other local job holders who ure also on
the pay roll of governments whoso solo
mission in life is to hold slaves iu
uuDCJknOBS and due humility beneath the
Ush of exploitation at tho hands of
the rulers and robbers of this gloriously hypocritical nge. It is high time that
some of these worthios, or all of thom
in fact, wero defied by the rank and
filn of their organizations, and kicked
into the oblivion of rotten and worthless rubbish besides.
There is no other alternative than
eventual starvation for countless millions if this brutal and reckless business is to continue much longer. These
outbursts of rebellious fury in the form
of strikes and similar disturbances are
merely straws showing which way the
wind blows. Thoy cannot be exorcised
■by repressive acts and "press gang"
methods. This is no time to inaugurate
any further conscription schemes or to
press to their ultimate those already
concocted. That is it is no time for
that sort of thing if the ruling class
wishes to prolong its thieving reign for
any appreciable length of time. If that
ruling class wishes to expedite its own
destruction and bring down the storm
swiftly upon its own hand in all the
blind fury of a holocaust and a cataclysm, all it need do is to press its
measures of repression nnd tyranny to
the utmost and that storm will come
and it will be sweeping in its destruction und devastation of ruling clnss cm-
pi re and privilege. The social horizon
is aflash with the portents of its canting. The social atmosphere is sur-
charged with the electricity of upheaval and chnnge. Thut atmosphoro
will bo cleared by the thunder storm
which is at hand.    1-el  it come.
W;
Tlie ever increasing frequency nnd
magnitude of thoso outbreaks ngainst
the narrow wages and Intolerable con
ditions of employment afforded under
capitalist slavery, bodoa ill for tho
present syatem of aoparnting sIuvcb
from that which they produce. The
terrific pressure being brought upon
them oven during normal timou undor
tho rule and robbery of capital, hat)
been augmented and multiplied us a rosult of this war. It is being accentuated at a terrific ratt! ns tho brutal
business continues. In spile of nil the
full talk about high wnges tho fact
prosnns itself insistently upon us that
wages are continually fulling iu spite
of ull offorts upon the pnrt of the
workers to prevent it. Wages upon the
average wore never actually so low uk
now. It cannot be otherwise In the
face of a world currency that ia swiftly depreciating on account of tho unavoidable inflation consequent upon the
terrific and reckless wusto incidental to
4t war of   utiprccondented   magnitude.
HBTHER WE liko to admit it
t. thoro is a manifest, disposition upon the part of all
the Entente governments in Europo to
view with more or less complacency the
brutally     aggressive
WORDS OF action of the Gcrnm-
SIGNtFICANT     nic powors in dealing
MEANING. with Russia, in spite
of the agreement of
peace forced from tho Bolsheviki government. It is plain onough that the
purpose of Germany is to crush tho Bolshoviki and reinstate a regime of robbery and infamy, that the Russians had
brought to an inglorious halt through
the revolution. The triumph of the Bolsheviki cannot meet with the approbation of either Britain, France or Italy,
in spite of tho noisy ucclamation of
their intense love for democracy, nnd
pretended inveterate hatred of that brutal autocracy that tho Bolshoviki is
struggling to prevent returning to rule
and curso Russia. For blink tho fact as
we may, the bourgeois rulers of tho nations of western Europe, in spite of
thoir noisy pretenses, nro just as arbitrary, autocratic, conscienceless, unscrupulous and thirsty for the blood of the
proletariat of all countries, as was ever
the Czar of Russia, or ns are the Junkers and Kaisers of semi-feudal mid-
Europe. They have iw more iden of releasing the proletariat of their respective countries from the brutality and
exploitation of their own rule, than had
the Czar of Russia before the revolution, and they have .inst as little idea of
aiding or approving of the efforts of
the Russian workers, or thoso of tiny
other conutry, to bring clnss rule anil
robbery to an end. For that renson the
Russian workmen and peasants will receive neither sympathy nor assistance
from the alleged democratic nations of*
Europe. Their brand of democracy is
neither calculated nor compounded to
soothe the jTnius and heal the wounds of
the proletariat oither at homo or
abroad. There is more than enough in
evidence already to justify the suspicion, that these noble western powers
would be more thun willing that Gcr
many and Japan should crush the Boi
sheviki and divide Russian territory be*
tween them, if thc Germans would
abnndon their dreams of conquesttin the
wost, retire to thoir own territory and
porhaps agree to any reasonable restitu
tion for the damage done to Belgian
nnd French territory.
* #        *
President Wilson addressed n meeting
of the Red Cross Committee in Now
York City on May 18. During his ro-
marks he said: "So far as I am con-
corned, I intend to stand by Russia
ns well as France, The helpless and
friendless uro the very ones that need
holp and succor; and if any man in
Germany thinks we arc going to sacrifice anybody for our own soke, I toll
them now they ure mistaken." In tho
press of the same date that carried thc
report of the president's speech, ap-
icared the following statement of what
a happening in Russia:
Reds Alone Resist.—The Bolsheviki
are the only part of Russia that oven
pretends to resist the Gorman policy,
and thut resistance Gormany is preparing deliberately to strangle. She
hus now cut the heart of Russiu off
from the food and mineral fields of
the south, having previously seized
Ukraine and the Crimen.
From all points the .situation is
most threatening, It is not important whether slie has in fnct demanded Moscow nnd Petrograd. She
will demnnd them, if that be necessary. Tho order that the Lenine
following be disarmed shows the drift
of her purpose. She wants conscripts
for her army, not soldiers pledged
to democracy,
Already princes are understood to
have been picked for thrones for
Poland, Finland, Courland and Li-
thuniu.
Tho eustern world is to bo parcelled out. between a lot of underlings, who will owe allegiance to Berlin. Various other adventurers from
Mure Antony to Napoleon have tried
thi! snme thing und failed. It now
is to bo scon whether the latest of
thom is to achieve success. If he
succoeds, froe government will dis-
appear from nmong men and the
clock will bo turned back more than
a thousand yoars,
* * *
If the president's words menu nnything, thoy aro at leust significant of
thc fact that he is not entirely in sympathy with the semi-complacent attitude of thc European entente nations
over tho German atrocities against thc
Bolsheviki. If he is to "stand by Bus-
sin," aad thn Bolsheviki constitutes
the only pnrt of Russia that is offering
nny resistance to the Germnn policy,
then he must bo going to "stand by"
tho Bolsheviki, regardless of tbo apparent desiro upou tho part uf certain
European governments thnt are mnni
festly iu sympathy with thc German
purpose of crushing the Bolsheviki and
subjugating thoir country to the Prussian junkers and thoir atrocious rule.
Abovo ovorything else thc president can
not be in sympathy with German pur
poses und retain any semblance of
loyally to the democratic principles
which he professes. And those who
have followed him in his declarations
of principle and purpose can scarcely
bollovo him capable of anything in the
naturo of doublo-doallng. Fid: mntely
he, like .Americnn statesmen iu general, has had no schooling in the secret
diplomucy nnd secret agreements so
popular in Europe, or so peculiarly fitted to the Kuropean diplomatic mind.
Ho is not likely, therefore, to countenance or in any manner aid the
junkers of Europe, either lirilish,
French, Italian or Hun, in crushing
tho Bolsheviki and adding the Russian
territory to any of their bloody empires. Anything, no matter how vile,
may bo expected of Europe, but for
America to be used for tho execrable
purpose of crushing the only part of
the European proletariat that at present manifests a disposition to break
with class rule and its horrors, must
certainly be repugnant to all that has
been taught in thc life and history of
the great republic. And the words of
the president are of especial significance in pointing out that he; at least,
is not in harmony with what is evidently tho complacent and smug satisfaction evinced by tho ruling class of
western Europe over tho hideous villainy of thc Prussian junkers in their
determined effort to drown the Bus-
sian revolution in the blood of the revolting workmen and peasants of that
disturbed land.
I   marvolouBly powerful mechanism of
■** present day industry, the more convinced  ho will become of the terrible
drudgery that lifo must have been to
his   primitive   fore-
AN OBJECT fathers in thoso  sud
LESSON IN dnys beforc powerful
ECONOMY. natural agencies had
been harnessed to do
Ihe bidding of man and gigantic mechanisms devised to lift thc burden of
toil from his weary shoulders. How
burdensome indeed must have been his
task, in tho days before tho wuterwhecl,
the steam engine, the electric motor,
the spinning jenny, the power loom, the
railway, the 'great ocean greyhounds,
and the vast array of similar industrial
mnchinery and equipment had been devised and created, to provide for his
most simple und elementary requirements, to say nothing of such luxuries
as he no doubt enjoyed. But it is different now. It is no trouble to produce
such an avalanche of good things now,
that all hands ana thc cook may revel
in prodigious amounts of food, clothing
nnd all othor of the things that go to
mako lifo a continual round of pleasure,
or a sort of eternal soft snap. At least
that is the way is appears to the confirmed optimist.
r # * *
Thoro recently appeared in the public
press a statement to the effect that there
were about 2.500,000 freight cars upon
the railroads of the United States and
Canada, and theso cars avorage approximately -30 tons capacity each. A little
figuring will disclose the pleasing fact
that this would bo equivalent to threo-
fourths of one ton per capita for all
the population of these countries. If
these cars were used upon the average
only five days per month in actual load
carrying, and moved but 100 miles each
day, thc transportation of freight, reduced to the number of tons moved one
mile, would be equivalent to 375 tons
for oach man, womnn aud child in the
land, or 1000 tons per family per month.
Multiply this by 12 months in the year,
nnd we'have the fairly reasonable tonnage of 41)00 tons per porson, or 22,800
tons per family per year, moved one
mile. Of course, this moving of stuff
to the extent of 22,800 tons ono mile
during each year must be necessary or
it would not be done. But, to be honest nbout it, we have often wondered if
it were an actual fact that thc moving
of such an enormous tonnage of stuff
even tho distance of ono mile per yenr,
is really essential to the comfort nnd
welfare of the persons and families involved.
* *        *
To fully realize just what a problem
our grandfathers had to solve in their
primitive dayB and ways, it is but necessary to resolve this transportation matter into tho more understandable terms
of horses and oxen. An ox team might
bo counted on to transport one ton a
distance of nbout ten miles per day for,
say, 300 days in thc year, or an ordinary horse team about twice that distance. Then to move 22,800 tons one
mile in one year, that is to do the necessary freighting of ono family one year,
would only require the services of eight
yokes of oxen and eight wngons, or four
pairs of horses and four wagons. If
this amount of transportation is necessary now, it must hnve been necessury
in the time of'Our forefathers, but very
few of us littlo realize how much baggage moving those good old peoplo required in the long ago. This arises from
our lack of understanding of our own
requirements in this line, and to provide for wliich all of those railway appliances havo wisely been provided by
those elected by divine providence to
watch over us and sprinkle life's pathway with roses for our often weary
mudhooks. Of course the ox team and
horse team illustration is not a fair
and impartial one, for it includes tho
engines ns well as tho cars. In tho
matter of the railway transportation,
we forget all about the engine, its coBt,
the roadway and its cost as compared
to a wngon road, aad a whole lot of
other economic contrivances nnd fen-
lures thut should not necessarily be
overlooked.
* * *
And what is true of the present trails-
port al ion system Is truo of all that
wliich constitutes tho modern mechanism uud industry of capital. In its entirety it has boon devised, not to lighten the burden of humun toil, but to
convert as many workers as possible
into producers of ruling cluss tools,
trinkets*, weapons and trappings, junk
that is non-essential to human comfort
nnd wiill being, and lo separate both
the producers of essential and non-es-
aential things from that which they produco. For instance, railways wore
nover devised for the purpose of serving the producers of weulth, except in
the way of serving them the very dirty
trick of tuking their products away
from, them, never to roturn. If we but
stop to ask duraelvcs where the idea of
railway transportation originated, we
will discover that it. came from the city,
and could have been devised for no
other purpose than thnt of drawing tho
products from the country in order that
the city folk might live upon them.
These ruilwuys have ull been promoted
and financed from the city, that is from
the centres of commerce, trade and fin-
anoo. And they have always been for
the purpose of feeding the channels of
commerce, trado and finance,-und by so
functioning they have been a part of
the necessary machinery whoreby slaves
have been effectively separated from
the thiugs they have brought forth by
their labor. And they ure an imjmrt-
nnt nud very necessary part of that
mechanism today. The idea that economy is the motive force Ihut is responsible for Iho highly developed means of
production aad transportation of onr
day and nge, Is an otronoous ono, There
ean be no such thing ns economy under
slavery, for nil of the product, of slaves
is wasted, as far as they are concerned,
except the very limited portion that
their owners and masters are compelled
f<* leave to them in order that thoy may
continue in service. The burden of toil
enn never be lifted front human shoul
ders except through the abolition of
that slavery, a slavery that is as complete and pronounced today as it ever
was in human history before. Better
think it over.
As the Finnish "White Guards are
largely composed of Swedish capitalists
iu Finland and are officered by Germans, what further evidence is required
to clearly prove that thc Red Guards
who-..fight them are in the pay of Ger-
manv?
Indictments have been drawn against
Bome Hi persons implicated in the murder of Robert Paul Prager of Collins-
ville, 111., recently. It will be remembered that he was "lynched" by a
patriotic mob. The eminently filthy
capitalist pross chortled gleefully over
the foul murder, because of the presumption that Prager must have been
guilty of "sedition" or some other
bugbear of patriotic drunks and imbeciles. And now it comes out that
among the murdered man's effects wus
found a letter from Lieut. Langworthy,
U. S. navy recruiting officer at St.
Eouis, certifying to the fact that ho
had applied for onlistmont in tho navy
and had been unable to come up to thc
physical requirements. But he was
murdered all the same, by a drunken
mob, no matter whother drunk on patriotism of just ordinary intoxicating
slop. We have nol yet heard, however,
that indictments have been found
against any of the murderers of Frank
Little at Butte, Montana, last year.
Nor that there has beea even the
slightest attempt, to apprehend them
for that matter. The ways of justice
s"om mighty queer at times.
An institution dubbed the Americnn
Economic Association, of Washington,
D. C, sounds loud wnruing ngninst. "expansion of bank credit," and lays much
emphasis upon the necessity of placing
a limit upon that sort of financial
ilimflam, in the interest of safety. Just
how this astute association expects to
check or stop tho "expansion" of
credit in a world where everything that
is produced must bo sold and there is
rothing wherewith to make payment
except unredeemable promises, is uot
clearly set forth. It is surely some
"economic association" that does not
know that no other sort of "payment"
is possible, and that, too, for reasons
so very obvious that tho silliest of
economists ought to be uble to seo them.
But then thoro arc still a goodly number of "economists" running at large
who arc moro of a joke than anything
else. Payment is impossible. All sales
.'re made on credit. This credit is always expanded during the cycle of
production, such us a year, for instance,
to the extent of whnt Marx termed thc
"surplus value" produced during lhat
cycle or period. That this "surplus
value" actually consists of nothing but
figures representing demands upon the
future, does not alter the fact. They are
added to the sum total existing at: .the
beginning of the cycle or period, nnd
like them nre meroly charges against
the noxt and succeeding cycles or
periods of production. In fact all of
this '' nccumulatcd wealth,'' commonly termed capital, money, credit, con*
sists solely of figures representing that
which the future is supposed to "cough
up" in order to make good whut the
pnst could not pay for. And it is all
as ensy ns rolling off a log. Anybody
can see that.
world, whose heads have been bowed
to the dust, will know that this dust
is more sacred than tha bricks which
build the pride of power. For this
dust is fertile of life and of beauty
and of worship. We shall thank God
that we were made to wait in silence
through the night of despair, had to
bear the insult of the proud and the
strong man's burden, yet all through
it, though our hearts quaked with
doubt and fear, never could we blindly believe in the salvation which machinery offered to man, but we held
fast to our Trust in God and the truth
of the human soul.' "—Grain Growers'
Guide.
WINNIPEG FIREMEN
WILL SAVE ONLY LIFE
Are  Maintaining  Brigade   Downtown
for Purpose of Saving-Life—Other
Halls Are Closed.
WINNIPEG—At 7.30 Tuesday morning, May 1-1, the hour sot for the lire-
men's strike, u big fire was raging in
the heart of Winnipeg. The firemen engaged iu fighting the firo postponed
their striking until the'fire wns under
control an hour Inter. A five-storey
building on Main streot was gutted by
fire. The lire raged for two hours in a
high wind and wns confined with difficulty to onc building, whicli is owned
by the Canada Life Insurance company.
The striking firemen are maintaining
a brigade uptown which will be used
solely for the purpose of saving life
in case of firo. They say they aro not
interested iu any property loss because
their fight is ngainsf the capitalists of
the city.
INTERNATIONALISM
The war has done at least one thing.
It has clarified in the minds of the
pacifists of each of the warring countries their relations to their fellow
men. It has made it clear that the
spirit refuses to acknowledge the limitations of arbitrary and artificial
boundary lines, that the real comradeship of human beings is international.
As the temperance workers of
Western Canada have more in common with the officials of the Chinese
republic who refused every bribe to
permit the continuation of the opium
trafflc than with those English bishops who opposed prohibition because
they had money invested in the liquor
trafflc, so the English conscientious
objector has more in common with
Liebknecht and his followers than
with tbe Lord Milners of their own
land.
According to The Tribunal, published by the No-Conscription Fellowship
of England, many months ago sentence had been passed upon more
than fifteen thousand conscientious
objectors, men who believe that the
killing of human beings is always
wrong. Some of these men accepted
alternative service, but thousands of
them refused to do any kind of work
which would release another man for
the war. As Professor Bertrand Russell, dismissed from Cambridge University because of his pacifist opinion,
has explained, this attitude brought
them into a deadlock with the military authorities. The latter could
not understand men, formerly useful,
Industrious citizens, many of them
university graduates, who would refuse pleasant outdoor work, and
choose rather the hardships of jail,
and the harsh treatment to which conscientious objectors are subjected to
tost tlio sincerity of their beliof.
Thus It has become apparent that
the real foreigners are not those who
have been raised in a different country and who speak a different tongue, but those people, wherever tbey
meet, whose standards and Ideals of
lifo are so nl variance that they havo
no means of communication.
In their belief in the efficacy of
force, the glorifying of nationality,
the Tightness of things as they are,
Lord Milner, Lord Curzon, the Kaiser,
Bethmanu Hollweg, the late Czar of
Russia, and Theodore Roosevelt would
understand each other perfectly. None
of them can understand fhe pacifist
or Socialist.
On the other hand the conscientious
objector in jail in England reaches
out hands of spiritual fellowship to
Liebknecht auil the thousands of his
followers in Jail In Germany, to the
Russlau exiles who, from England,
America, Prance and Siberia, have begun the great trek hack to the homeland, to Dryan who gave up the secretaryship of state because of his
pacifist views, and to Rabindranath
Tagore, of India, who in an interesting article in the Atlantic Monthly
upon "Nationalism in the West,"
touches upon these new citizens ot
the world to whom tho war has made
it clour that no raco matters but the
humun race. To quote from a review
of hia artlolo: "He condemns and utterly derides 'the thing called tho
nation.' Nationalism is mechanical;
rather, it Is u sort of monster feeding
upon 'mutilated humanity.' This war
Is nationalism's climax—'the fifth act
of tho tragedy of the unreal.' Tagore
stands for tho individual.
I'Tako this from the closing paragraph; 'And we of no-natlons of the
CAPITALIST OUARDS MOW
DOWN THE RED GUARDS
Lined  Up in  Groups  of  rfties and
Mowed Down with Machine Guns
An official statement issued at Moscow declares lluit ufter tho occupation
of Tuminerfors, Finland, by tho Finnish
White Guards, .100 Russian officers and
mon wero shot. Thoy wore brought out
in groups of fifty and mowed dowiuby
machine guns, (lie statoment assorts.
The statoment ulso contains n roport on
the battle, fought near Lnhkti (the on*
gagomont reportod by Berlin to have resulted in lho overwhelming defeat of
tho Hod Ciiiiird, in which 20,000 of tho
Rod Guard forcos woro takon prisoners,
early this month). Tho statoment describes the engagement us a desperale
and bloody onc and declares the Whito
Guards nnd the Germans lost about 4000
killed. Many civilians, it is said, wore
killed by the Gorman bombardment.
A Diamond Guarantee
That Is Never'*Questioied    ""'"'"" '■'""'
The important thing that counts so greatly with purchasers of Birks' Diamonds is tho guaranteed quality of
tho goms. This absolute guarantee—known all over
Canada—is tho sole reason for the permanent satisfaction
of every owner of a Birk's Ring.
ENGAGEMENT RINGS, $26 to $50, 575 to S100, and up
(
"The Home of Fine Diamonds"
Ooo. E. Tiorey, Man. Dlr.
Granville and Georgia Sts.
—SAVE TOUB MOHBY—
START A BASE ACCOUNT a
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't stow nwny your spare cash In
nny old cornor whoro It in ln danger
from burglars or firo.
Tho Merchants Bank of Canada offers you porfect safety for your
money, and will givo you full banking
sorvico, whother your account in largo
or small.
Intorest allowed   ou  Bnvings   deposits.
O. N. STAGEY, Manager
GrniTille aud Pander
W. O. JOY. Manager
Hustings and Carrall
Hotel and Restaurant Employees.
A muss-meeting of the Hotel nnd
Restaurant Employees was holfl in the
Labor Tomplq Sunday, reports Business Agent. MaeKcnzie. The meeting
was to discuss the present scale of
wages and working conditions. The
local decided to draw up a new wage
scale to meet presont conditions and
the increased cost of living. One or
two of the clauses in the new scale
will be diacused lit n Inter date and
then submitted to the Trades and
Labor Council fnr their approval. All
affiliated unions aro requested to assist in making tho union an 100 per
cent, organization this summer. Several members on the sick list are now-
receiving sick benefit whicli went into
effect ou the first of May.
INOOBX'OBATED 1865
Bank of Toronto
Assets
984,000,000
Deposits  6S.000.000
Joint Savings Account
* A JOINT Savings Accaunt may be
J-\ opened at The Bsak of Taronto
In the names af twt or more
porsons. In these aceaunta olthor
party mny sign cheques or deposit
money. For thu differeat members of
a family or a firm a joint aocouit li
often & great canvenieace. Iatorest is
paid on balances.
Vancouver   Branch:
Oorner Hastings and Oamble Streets
Branches at:
Victoria,  Merritt,   New   Westminster
The Bank of British North America
Established in 1136
■ranches    throughout    Canada    and    al
New   York,   Sou   Francisco   and   Dawsou
Savings Departmout
TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO
Trades and Labor Council.
May 26, 1893
Now Building the Boats, Tool
Two large motor-power boatB were
launched last week at Steveston from a
Jnpaneso boat buildinp yard, for the
Oosse-Millerd Canning Uo. One boat is
(10 feet long and tho other 70 feet, and
they have been named tho "Nans" and
the "Hiyu." Theso boats, the Ilrst of
their size to be built at the yards, are
to be used for purse seine fishing in the
northern waters of British Columbia.
Teamsters and Chauffeurs.
Eleven members were initialed and
23 applications received by the Teamsters and Chauffeurs union, reports Secretary Birt Showier. The meeting wus
well nttended nnd un appropriation wns
made for the purpose of sending an organizer to Victoria to organize the
teamsters and chauffeurs there. The recording secretary was put on the "pay
roll" of the union for his services. The
union has also offered to nssist in the
registration of the man-power of tho
city.
James It. Maurer, presidont of the
Pennsylvania State Federation of Labor
who wns elected by socialist, labor and
radical organizations to visit England
and Prance to extend fraternal greetings to the British lnbor and French socinlist movements, has been denied n
pusBport. Other "picked" labor representations wore granted passports.
—At J. N. Harvey Olothing Stores—
PURE WOOL FAST
Blue Suits
guaranteed to retain their
color, at—
$25, $30
$35, $40
These Suits are made from
all pure wool cloths, are
hand-tailored in a partly-
finished condition, and can
be finished tip to your order by our tailors at an
hour or two's. notice.
They have more than
half a century's tailoring
experience and reputation
behind them.
Oome in and See Them
J.N.
LIMITED
125-127 Hastings St. West
Al»o 614-616 Yates, Victoria
— Look for tho Big Bod Arrow —
Heckles!* handling or people's monoy
respecting "Indian affairs" discussed."
Members of unions nnd others urged
to see tlieir numes plueed on provincinl
voters' lists. Prosidont O. B. Monck re*
quested to procure necessnry blnnks for
snme.
Delegute Bnrtley stutcd employer delegntcs tnking pnrt in proceedings wns
unconstitutional. Woodlcy therefore
gave notice of motion thnt constitution
bo nmonded by striking out words "No
employer of lnbor shnll bo ndmittcd ns
delegates."
Proposed Lnbor Dny celebration discussed.
Ihe union Inbel derives its power
from thc fnct thnt it is bused upon the
ilrst Inw of nature, tho Inw tlmt "motion seeks tho lino of least resistance."
The union label enlists and arms in
Labor's ennse those clcnints which determine tho issuo of every cause in civilized society—namely, the women und
children.
During less than *t:i yenrs' use in nntionnl trade unionism tlio scope of tho
union Inbel has extended from n single
industry so that it now includes more
than fifty crafts iu North America?
whose products enter into nlmost every
nrtiele ot household and personnl use.
Dentistry!
Otowni, Bridges and Fillings
msit tht ume shade as yoa own
natural taath.
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Open evenings  7:80 to  8:80.
Dental nurse In attendance.
OOB.   OBAKVILLE   AND   HOBSOM
STREETS
Ovar Owl Drug Store
Phone Sey. 6238
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
i
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
J. N. Harvey, Ltd., 127 Hastings W.
The J. N. Harvey, Ltd., has
applied for the Union Store
Cnrd of tho Ket nil Clorks'
Union.
The Arrow Store goes
straight to tho heart of real
values.
The Arrow Store carries a
big stock of Union Label
goods.
The Arrow points to a
Union mcrchnnt.
The Arrow points to a
Union clerk.
The Arrow points to Union
goodB.
Theref on the Unions of the
city can make an Allied Drive
on the Bock Bottom Values In
the
J. N. HABVET, LTD., BTOBE
127 Hastings West
ME. J, N. HABVEY PBIDAY..
...May 24, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
German Kultur and
******      ******
the Gospel of Jesus
The "policeman" who played to
Maude Adams' "Cinderella," at the
Avenue theatre recently, with conscious
virtue asservated that he knew but one
word of German—"espionage,'* with
the accent on the "spi." The audience laughed, no doubt enjoying his
double mistake of pronunciation and
etymology; no doubt, also they were
quite content that his knowledge of
the hated language of the Hun should
be more complete than be claimed it
to be. To eschew all things German is
the hallmark of patriotism today; if
we can't conveniently dispense with
the wretched German things themselves, we must at least dispense with
their names. The good people of Portland even want a new name for "kindergarten;" in our patriotic zeal wo
hasten to presont them with "kiddies'
garden," which, though a trifle colloquial, is yet real American boyond a
doubt. They have already got "liborty
cabbage'' as the now name for sauerkraut I
AIiib, that we cannot as easily make
ourselves immune from everything
"made iu Germany "—especially Gorman "kultur" in its various forms. We
don't want markets, wo don't want
territory; we only want tho world to
be "Bafe for democracy," so that our
lofty ideals of human liberty, etc., may
not be submerged by tho pernicious
Bystem of the Hun. Alas and alas, that
the moro we slay—and aro slain—to
destroy/the Hun ideal, the more it
spreads its tentacles and tho firmer hold
it gets on tho peoples of the world,
especially ourselves.
Beforo the war, it had already won
itB insidious way into England in the
guise of old-age pensions, etc., Lloyd
Georgo himself being known as ono of
its prophets. In fact, we heard of some
simple north-of-Englond folk who could
not for the lifo of them see why they
should enlist to repel tho Hun, when
their own government had been to
especial pains to impress on thom how
much better the German ways wore
than their ownl Howover, unstinted
offorts wore mndo to eradicate the
baneful idoaB already disseminated, and
the world's salvation was conclusively
shown to depend on tho tearing out of
the German system, root and branch.
The war was to last three yoars; and
then the lust vestige of militarism,
bureaucracy, etc., .was to disappoar,
and the high democratic idoal was to
prevail. Tho fourth year of the war
is now three-parts gone; and what have
wc? The most autocratic censorship,
with brute forco suppression of free
speech und muzzling of thc press; military conscription, witli the "press-
gang methods of tho days .of old; rationing and partial starvation of tho
people, whilo profiteering goes apace
as never before; and now the compulsory registration of male and female
profit-making machines, with the big
stick held over the heads of any who
will not work for whatever wage tho
boss may chooso to give them. Did
tho Hun himself ever threaten us with
anything worse than we have now gotf
If he hns anything worse Btill in pickle,
ho has only to keop going as he has
done, and his utmost intentions must
inevitably be realized.
Turning from civilian life to tho war-
zone itself, has ho not made his own
rales of warfare nnd forced them on
his oppononts? Gas attacks, submarines, nir-ruids and "baby-killing":
has he not completely won out in imposing all thc.to methods on the rest of
the world. And coming back to the
policeman's "espionage," which wos
evidently regarded as essentially Ger-
ftian, how doos tho following extract
read, culled from n local papor a few
days ago, as coming from the lips of a
United States "minister of the gospel;
"We must doal with the pro-Gorman
nnd the German agent. Every man,
woman nnd child should appoint himself a secret sorvico agent to ferret out
these menaces. The Gorman sympathizers should bo hung."
How the kaiser must gloat over his
success, when he sees how completely
his system has extended itself ovor the
earth since tho war began. Even our
little childron have now to bo spies and
stool-pigeons, and make it thoir one
business in lifo to discover "traitors"
in their next-door neighbors! Poor
kiddies; what sort of men and womon
will thoy bo, if they ever grow up?
Among tlio opprobious titles conferred on the German war-lord is that
of "anti-Christ." See how he hns
shot the sacred fanes of-Belgium, and
Franco to pieces, in proof. Clearly, thc
Christian religion must go down as tho
kuiser comes "mi top." Tho Christ
said: "hove your enemies;" the kai-
ser said, "Give no quarter.." And
which of the two iB winning out? Lot
us listen again to the Bev. Dr, Charles
W. Welch, pastor of tho Fourth Avenue
Presbyterian church, LouiBville, Ky.,
U, S. A., ns reported in our local pross:
"To win this war we must use the
policy dictated by the enemy—we must
kill Germans.'' Not much equivocation about thut! Tho war-lord on ono
hand, and "gentle Josus" on tho othor
—and tho kaiser wins. It is from him
they must tako their "policy" hence-
forwnrd; Jesus is a back numbor!
And to make doubly sure, let us hear
this minister of tho gospel once moro.
Tho German sympathizers, he says,
should be hung. "You lawless element
across the river did it. You should
do it, too." Thus again he points out
to his flock whence their inspiration
must henceforth como. '' Not this
man, but Bnrnbbas," iB his choice. Now
Barabbas was a murderort
However, democracy has still a
chance to show that it is not completely subjugated by kaiserism, and the.
roverend gentleman, all honor to him,
points it out. His hearers must imitate the Huns and the "lawless element across the river;" but they must
do it, he adds, "in a more dignified
manner." Thank God, wo aro not as
other mon nre, aftor all. And the bost
of it is, this saving grace is not to
mnke us any tho less efficient in our
glorious task. "Thero is no othor way
but to kill Germans—to boat tho brutes
to death." So the revorond gentlo-
man says.
That this high-souled "dignity" is
a real thing to the reverend gentleman
himsolf is clear from his own utterances; his remarks, in fact, radiate
"dignity" all round. Hero iB ono of
hia recommendations—"Capture tho
long-eared ass, tho kaiser, and drag Mm
across mined Belgium and show him
what ho has dono." Of course, this
might not be absolutely necessary on
tho kaiser's account, as he iB probably
quito familiar with tho state of affairs
iu Belgium already; still, as a display
of ''dignity," what could be better?
Again ho recommends: "Tell each of
your sons or relntivoB to capture thc
kaiser's  sons, bring them  with their)
father to the spot where the Lusitania
was sunk, and send them to the bottom
of the sea with stones around their
necks." Again, this seems like going
to needless trouble, especially if the
kaiser's sons had nothing to do with
the Lusitania; still this new gospel of
"dignity',' must have some means of
expression, to show it is really in force.
Of course these acts would not be
Ohristian, Christ being already relegated to oblivion; they would, however,
be not entirely without scriptural support in the Old Testament. For instance, the "sweet psalmist of Israel"
sings in one place, "Blessed shall he
be that taketh thy children and dasheth
them against the stones."
The bible itself, however, seems to
have had its day in the churches; per*
haps the people are tired of hearing
"proofs" from it on one side or the
other as required. Anyway, the
preachers seem to depend more on thoir
own racy eloquence than on the written
"word"; perhaps here again it is the
Gorman "highor criticism" that has
won out. As to the function of the
church itself, the Kentucky minister
states it clearly: "Jhe church is needed
to give tho spirit necessary to win the
war." Its founder is reputed to have
said: "My kingdom is not of this
world"; but he also appears to have
said a fow other things that his saintly
followors don't take much stock of
now.
On the same page of the newspaper
from which the above extracts are
taken is a short account of an new religious census which Uncle Sam has
boon taking, showing that religion has
mndo "great strides forward" during
the preceding ten years. "Tho fact is,
the peoplo in thiB country never were
more religious than they are today—
even though thoy do not always express
it in the regular orthodox fashion." So
tho Btory runs, and Dr. Welch's utterances in tho parallel column seem to
bear out a part of this at least. But
won't it sound funny if they ever start
preaching "gentle Jesus" again?
Throughout Canada
Compulsory vaccination of every citizen in St. John, N. B., is ordered by the
health officials owing to an epidemic
of smallpox.
Two men woro killod and three injured by an explosion Tuesday afternoon at tho Oliphant Munson Collieries
near Coal Spur. *
* P. J. Bolara, acting secretary of the
International Union of Mine, Mill and
Smelter Workers, Trail, has been nominated as one of the four members of
the international board. Tbe election
will be hold in June.
A compromise was effected with the
Prince Rupert, B. C, fish packers, who
have been out on strike, and tho men
have returned to work. They had been
getting 50 cents per hour and struck for
02% cents, but accepted 60.
"Ou account of pressure duo to in-
creased taxation, as well as the general
increased cost of mining, Rossland
mines arc being closed down," Bays F.
N. Flynn, of tho Consolidated Mining
and Smelting company at Trail.
Wages of railroad trainmen, conductors, baggagemen and switchmen in
Canada will be incroosod proportionately to the incrense in wages for the
same claBB of workmen in the United
States within the noxt few weeks.
That the objection of Essex, Ont.,
farmers to the drafting of all unmarried
farmers and farm laborers between the
ages of 20 and 22 is not well founded
was declared Wednesday by Judge
Smith, chairman of onc of the tribunals.
The Manchester Guardian, one of the
most influential British newspapers, as
well as a number of others, strongly
condemn the new Canadian Censorship
regulations. The Canadian regulations
are more drastic than any put in force
in England.
The Ontario provincial registrar is
now engaged with the problem of calling up the aliens between the ages of
20 and 22 who are in category A, and
steps are being taken to see that all
such go through the regular routine towards military Bervice.
Hawaiian sugar is to be refined in
Canada for the first time. Plans for
the shipment of 25,000 tons for the
Dominion have been perfected and the
first contingent of 6,500 tons is re-»
ported en route from Hilo to British
Coulmbia on the steamer Tancred.
B. N. Stewart, who served two years
overseas with the 16th battalion from
British Columbia and was wounded, has
boen appointed secretary-treasurer of
the Great War Veterans Association of
Canada, Dominion board, in succession
to N. F. R. Knight, who has relinquished the offlee owing to ill-health.
The appointment of W. G. Cates, for-
morly managing editor of the Moose
Jaw News, to the position of provincial
registrar of man and woman power by
the federal authorities at Regina, iB not
pleasing to the Great War Veterans. A
formal protest will be filed with Premier
Bordon.
Out of 373,184 men who registered in
class one, under the Military Service
Act, 118,772 wore found to bo medically
unfit for active service in the trenches;
and were placed in medicnl category
lower than A. The class B men total
23,943; class C, 27,748; class D, 6272,
and class E, 60,799.
It is understood that the Dominion
governmont has agreed to absorb the
production of the proposed British Columbia blast furnaces for a period of
three years. This arrangement is in
lieu of the bonus which it is understood
British Columbia men were urging the
cabinet to grant.
A welcome innovation was introduced
into the deliberations of the Presbyterian Synod of Alberta when J. H,
Booth, vice-president of Calgary Trades
and Labor Council, was invited to give
an address on "The Church in Relation to the Labor Movement."
Wider powers for tho Canadian fuel
control, to the extent of controlling
wageB paid in western Canadian mines,
and machinery for the prevention of
strikes, were advocated at a meeting
of Winnipeg business interests, and a
resolution to this effect waB passed
unanimously.
R. L. Richardson, in thc house last
weok, declared that the railways had
been indulging in an orgy for several
yoars_ and now that C. N. R. "was
dumping on the poople an appalling
mess," a load of $400,000,00 of liabilities. He stated that the country
would have to make the best of things.
That western Canada is on the eve
of ono of tho largest land movements
that has ever taken place from an actual settlement standpoint is tho opinion of John Wnrdrop, immigration
agent of tho passenger department of
the Canadian Northern railway, who
returned from a trip over the branch
lines in the three western provinces.
Mining men of British Columbia, 300
Btroug, have signified their intention of
attending the international annual
mining convention to be hold at Revelstoke, B. C, some time during July.
All parts of British Columbia and also
Seattlo and Spokane, will be represented at tho gathering, which is to be a
unique out-of-doors affair. The indiB-
ponsnble banquet will bo a-la-prospec-
tor, with bannock and bacon cooked by
the men from the hills, over open^-fires,
Ottawa city council passed the necessary bylaw to permit the city taking
over and leasing for cultivation vacant
lots in the city not otherwise used. The
power to do this was given in recont
legislation. The bylaw will apply only
to vacant land assessed as unoccupied
and will not affect lots connected with
houses or fenced in and used as lawn,
park, garden or pleasure grounds.
More than 5,000,000 pounds of binder
twine will be distributed in Saskatchewan by the Gra/n Growers association
this year, or an approximate increase in
sales of over 2,000,000 pounds compared
with last year. The price will be about
25 cents f.o.b. head of the Great Lakes,
and the financing of this department of
the business alone will require a sum of
$2,225,000.
A resolution has been passed by Regina Trades and Labor Council requesting that the notices recently posted
in the street cars instructing passengers
to place their own change in the boxes,
and to soe that they receive the right
change, bo taken down. According to
the resolution, tho notices which are
unsigned cast a slur on the honesty and
integrity of the conductors of the street
railway system.
Col. Herbert Labatt, of the Pensions
board, Ottawa, who draws $5000 a year
as a'member of that board and a full
pension of $2100 besides, came in for
Bome pretty genoral criticism at Tuesday's meeting of the commons ponBion
committee. The opinion expressed was
That Col. Labatt should do one thing or
tho other—tako his salary and let go
the pension or else take the pension and
retire from the position.
The Rotnil Merch ants' Association
adopted a resolution impressing on manufacturers and wholesalers tho absolute
necessity of further co-operation bo as
to meet adequately the increased cost
of distributing merchandise. The great
saving that would result if manufacturers and commission houses would
withdraw all their travellers from tho
road was admitted in the course of tho
discussion, and the opinion was expressed that ever effort at'this critical time should be made to bring the
products to the consumers' kitchens at
the smallest possible expense, Tho path
from the factory to the consumer, it
was stated, was too long and devious.
An increase in the prico of refined sugar is probable, because Canadian sugar
refiners will havo to pay from 35 to 50
cents per 100 pounds more for British West Indies sugars, on account of
the extra freight and duty and the present high rate of New York exchango.
The oight-hour day has gone into effect in the Booth and Eddy pulp mills
at the Chaudiere. Formerly the men
employed in these.mills worked in 12-
hour shifts day and night. By the new
arrangement, thore aro three shifts. The
first from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m., from 4 p.m.
to midnight and from midnight to 8 a.
m., with tho shortened hourB the mill
workers will receive the Bame wages ns
they have been getting hitherto.
Oakland local of the Bakery Salesmen's union, haa been granted $30- per
week, oight hours per day, six days per
week, and recognition of the union by
the MaBter Bnkers' association.
PAGE FIVE
TO
J. N. Harvey, Ltd., Latest
Firm to Instal Retail
Clerks' Store Card
The firm of J. N. Harvey, Ltd., 127
Hastings etreet west, has applied for
the use ef the Union Store Card, and
all his clorks will join the union. More*
over, Mr. Harvey has expressed a desire that in Victoria the Harvey Store
will also become a union store, and
that it will exhibit the Union Storo
Card.
The Arrow Store has. been established
for some years and Mr. J. N. Harvey
hae boen prominently identified with
tho development of Vancouver city. A
numbor of desirable morchants were
written to by the ClerkB* Union, who
are carrying on a publicity campaign for tho uso of tho store card,
which signifies thnt all tho clerks in
that storo are in the union, and Mr.
Harvoy was the flrst merchant to answer
tho Clorks' union, seeking nn interview with their organizor, Mr. W. H.
Hoop. It was explained that by cooperation in tho Labor movoment, Borne
of tho anarchy of the retail trado could
be eliminated and the best of relations
prevail botwoon the merchant, the clerk
and the publie.
''If the Clerks' slogan is better relatione then I vory much desire the use
of the Union Store Card," said Mr.
Harvey, and his clerks will join the
union.
The trades unionists of Vancouver
will kindly note that the Arrow Store
is now on the list of union stores. ***
The Clerks' havo learned that Dick
Limited has received $30,000 worth of
goods bearing the union label. Trades
unionists know what thia means. It
means the wages paid for tho manufacture of these goods were agreed
upon by employer and employee.
The booster is porterhouse on hu-
manity's bill of faro. The knoekor
comes under the head of hash.
i  Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Vancouver—the
Good Eats Cafe
AU That the Law WiU Mow
W» Deserve Trade Union Patronage
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St West, or 622 Pender West
The Canadian Bank of Commerce
CbpltaL...
 115,000,000 BMt.  113,800,000
TEN BBANOHES IN VANCOUVER DISTBIOT
SAVINGS BANK BUSINESS
A savings account will assist yon in the patriotic and personal duty of
eoiserving your finances. Thia Bank allows interest at current rates, asd
welcomes small as well as large accounts.
The workers who strike in protest
against their wrongs may be defeated,
but tho public protest registered in the
demand for the union label is invincible.
Jack Warner
shipyXrd
INN
130 FRONT ST.
Refreshments of every
description supplied
night and day.
Empress Secures Another Great Actor
Tho Empress management has been Indeed
fortunate In securing Robert Athon to augment the forces of thoir excellent stock company. Mr. Athon has bean featured from
one end of the country to tho other in a
number of great parti and Is reputed to be
a remarkably versatile actor. He is a handsome chap and one of-tho classiest dressers
in the theatrical profession. He Is motoring np from California, and wires that, aside
from boing kept busy with a few puncture,
he it* having a wonderful trip. All of tho
wonderful plays which are being presented
at the Empress contain groat acting parte,
and the Empress patrons will be able to got
a lino on Mr. Athon's roal ability right from
tho start. ***
COLUMBIA s THEATRE
Charlie Chaplinand Fatty Arbuckle
In "The Rounders"   '
"The Fighting Trail"
"Four Friends"
A love story of a woman who waited, and trusted—and won.
Empress
Theatre
PHONE SEY. 2492
Week of May 27th^
THE FLAT YOU'VE BEEN
WAITING FOB
"The Winning of
BarbaraWorth"
Realistic, Thrilling, Intense
Prices:    16c, SOe, Mc.
GREAT CONCERT ORCHESTRA
ORPHEUM
BALCONY VOW OPEN
Week of May 27th
LUCILLE OAVAKAOH
MAEIE NOEDSTBOJl
JOVEDDAB DB EAJAH
"THE BELLE OF BDIOVILLE"
OOBDON ASD BIOA
MASQABET FBAH0OJ.S
tt'BOTOKE   AID BENNETT
Evenings:     15c,  30c, 10c, 650, 10c
Matinee:      16c,  20c,  see, and 65c
PANTAGES
™ next tar
"DANCINO OIEL OF DELHI"
"THE HOUSE OF FATE"
 Other Big Feature!	
Johnston's Super-Values
Boys' Rod Fox
Running Boots, in
white, all sizes up
to 5, only—
$1.75
We Specialize
in Union-
made Shoes
for Men,
Women and
Children
NO   DISSATISFACTION   ALLOWED
AT JOHNSTON'S
Special SATURDAY SALE of  N0 ^SSs4110™
SUMMER FOOTWEAR
Thursday and Saturday
Special in Women's High Cut
White Boots
These popular 10-inch White
Lace Boots, low, flat hoels
and rubber solee—liko cut-
all sizes. Thursday and Saturday a»o ac
only «p.&. £,0
BOYS' AND GIRLS' BOOTS
Here's where this big store
excels—wc cun give you a
boot for your boy or girl thot
will Btond thc hnrd knocks.
Our pricos are from $1.00 to
$2.00 a pair lower tlmn elso-
where. Boys' BOlid boots with
heavy reinforced soles, culf
uppers, guaranteed—
Sizos 11 to 13  $3.00
Sizes 1 to 5   $3.60
Girl's Neet Calf Button Boots,
mndo to weur, medium soles—
Sizes 8 to 10 >/j   $2.75
Sizes 11 to 2  $3.26
Mr. Workingman:
Are you wise to the fact that the one best bet in
the city is Johnston's B. C. Weather Brand of solid
boots for heavy wear. No matter what your job is
we have the boot to suit. Every pair guaranteed and
at prices which will save you money. Ask to see
our special working boot, £ £ r\ rv
selling at -xfO.UU
MEN!
HOW'S THIS FOB
$6.00
Pumps
Pumps
Galore at Johnston's Low Prices
White Poplin and Canvas Pumps for Ladies,
"Peggy" styles, "Colonials" or Mary Janes.
The best values in Canada—$2,00 nnd Up.
200 Pairs Ladies' High White Lace
$4.00 Boots at $2.95
Hero's n real bargain—$4.00 High White Laco Boots
for Ladies, heavy sport rubber solos and heels,
stitched bottoms, low semi-sport (JJrt r\(-
1    '"' all sizes to clear at U)Z.VD
heels;
$4.50 White Reignskin Canvas Boots
Selling at $3.85
120 pairs only of this lino—pretty shapes, covered
white heels, plain vamps—worth $4.50 nnd $5.00;
Thursday and (h^ q**
Saturday 3)-OaO-D
Pretty
Patent
and
Plain
Kid
Pumps
Seo these olegant
values Johnston
offers you in new
summer pumps —
made plain or
with flat bows —
patents and kids
only.    Thc pair—
$5
Tennis, Picnic and Outing Shoes for Every Member of
the Family—Every Pair Guaranteed—at Johnston's
Low Prices
Some Thursday and Saturday Bargains
in Mary Janes
Many men took advantage of Johnston's "War Value" those last
few days and purchased a pair of these $8.00 brown boots with Acme,
Neolin or fibre soles, at $6.00. They wont like the proverbial hot
cakes, so got yours early this time. Remember, $8.00 values, white
or brown soIob, best of upper stock, neat shapes.
Johnston's price ;	
..$6.00
Kiddies' Slippers in white and
bldck—an immense assortment—
n style lo suit every mother und
ovory pnir popularly priced—
White Canvns slippers, $1.15 up.
Hlnrk Potent Slippers, $1.28 up.
A growing girls' patont Mary
Jane Slipper, largo sizes, % to
■•'/j only,
pnir 	
$2.95 PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT...
-May 24, 1918
TWIN BUTE
OVERALLS
AND WORK SHIRTS
YOU CAN always get TWIN BUTE
Overalls and Work Shirts in the size
that fits you best and in the style that
is best suited to your particular trade, at
any of the following stores:
Lees & Raybould 1159 Granville Street
The London Store 1051 Granville Street
M. M. Wright 898 Granville Street
T. Rickson 820 Granville Street
A. T. Stoddart 2127 Granville Street
T, Osbourne 2145 Granville Street
eiubb - Stewart 315 Hastings West
Wm. Dick, Ltd 33 Hastings East
Dick's, Ltd 4*7 Hastings East
David Spencer, Ltd 515 Hastings West
J, N. Harvey 127 Hastings West
Woodward Dept. Stores Hastings West
Wray & McKee 52 Hastings West
Campbell & Griffin 144 Cordova West
D. Hunter 74 Cordova West
A, W. Pedan 30 Cordova West
E. J. Smardon  102 Cordova West
P. A. Bingham 2401 Main Sipeet
It. Craig 524 Main Street
Jeffs & Co 714 Main Street
O, S, Wooley 2507 Main Street
R, Moore 2211 Cambie Street
W. P. Boddy 1874 Powell Street
W. McKee, Ltd 3528 Commercial Drive
R, A. Parker 1717 Commercial Drive
T. Badger North Vancouver
—and you will always find TWIN BUTE
garments to be the best at any price.
' Jas. Thomson b Sons, Ltd., Vancouver
-
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
"Over the Top"   Over Your Top
Try one of our latest Hats for summer wear.
$3.09—At one price—$3.00
Black & White
Hat Store
COBNEB HASTINOS AND ABBOTT STS.
FSJt*,
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
More Coffee Satisfaction
MORE   "pep";    more   appetite   producing
aroma; more real goodness—be it morning
or evening—in a cup of—
NABOB __% COFFEE
AND why?   Merely because every whit of the
flavor-producing oils are kept imprisoned in
the "VACUUM can, until the day you flrst open it.
Kelly, Douglas & Co., Ltd.        Vancouver, B. C.
MILLED
IN
VANCOUVER
SUPREME
IN
QUALITY
ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR
JuBt as surely as you aim at BETTER BREAD—more dependable, more economical, wholesome bread, and bread that is
baked in loyal conformity to the needs of the hour—you will
emulate the experience of others and turn to these flours that
have stood the test—
Royal Standard Wheat Flour
—AND—
Royal Standard Rye Flour
On Sale at
All Leading
Orocers
Look for the
"Circle V"
On Every Sack
—Practice Food Board economies.   They are Having propositions to
yoa ami help our Allien.
'fEDEMIlONIST
Driving Labor's View Home
Editor B. G. Fedorationist: Many thanks
for copies of your paper, whicb yon have for-
warded me. Every article hits the nail on
the head, and thereforo I send every copy on
tlie rounds bere and then forward it to some
returned soldier.
One scarcely knows where to begin in order
that the "common" people may learn that
they are being preyed upon by the bunch of
human vultures who uphold the capitalist
system of production and distribution. In
fact one almost despairs at times when they
perceive the bait which the sovereign electors
swallow.
Creative faculties seem to be constnatly
discouraged and nothing but platitude gets
recognition.
Isolated as I am In this neck of the woods,
I have vory littlo opportunity for bettering
the conditions under whicb the workers are
forced to exist, and there are so many reformers who are anxious to smooth things
over for tho time being without removing the
cause of all our so-called ills—social ills—
that it is an uphill pull for those who do see
the light.
None of our so-callod problems can be segregated and sot apart for analysis, but each
must be considered in its relationship, and
this requires a backward glance always, rather
thriii a more examination of Burface manifestations.
No doubt our f.-mnlo cltlzonB are patting
themselves on tho back now thinking that by
obtaining the ballot tho "woman problem"
Is solved, but they are now only in a position
to understund that their problems, instead of
being solved has only begun and tho sooner
they recognise, that tho source of their
"trouble," liko that of all our problems, lies
within the realm of economics, just that soon
will they be on the way to removing the
cause of their "problems.".
Tho capitalist bunch an at present evidently preparing a yoke of "interost" to
hang on tho necks of tho people in order to
keep them tied down If possible through another age, and If the "dear" people stand
for it, why it seems to me that thero Is very
little hope of tbem ever getting emancipated.
It might be possible, by a policy of segregation and constant hammering, to drlvo a
modicum of elementary knowledge into the
heads of some of tho people, but the general
disregard to thoir own intorests, which is
manifested in their attitude toward even the
problems" which affect them directly, and
which with the Incidental hard experiences
are Insufficient to bring them to a point of
thinking for themselves, seems to make it
clear that very much more Is Impossible of
consummation at present.
All there is left for thoso who have removed ths gum and grit of tradition from
their mental machinery, is to keep hsmmoring
away and sooner or later the small minority
of regenerated individuals will become a vast
majority and we will then by reason of
strength, which is tho result of unity, be
able to forco our ideas upon society. Might
is right and always has been in spite of the
idealistic contradiction. £
I nm about 21 miles from town, but as
soon os I cnn get in, I will forward you tho
price of subscription to The B. C. Federationist, because I do not want to be without it
now.
Wishing every success to you and your
work, I remain.
Yours in tue Btrngglo for better conditions,
GEO. B. COLE.
Scinnns, Sask., May 4, 1918.
Ihe Minimum Wage
Editor B. C. Federationist: The Minimum
Wage Bill has boon passod for the particular
beneAt of the clerks and other underpaid employees. In the retail busineBB.it has particular reforenco to those stores where large
numbers of girls are employed. It is common
knowledge, that the principle in the Minimum
Wage BUI cannot be put fully into practice.
While hero and thero the merchant lives
up to tho law, whenever there are large numbers of girls employed, the most the bill ever
does is to reveal the large number of girls
who must perforce work for wages below the
minimum wage. A minimum wage bill of $9
per week waB passed in Alberta last year,
and yet after nine months it was said by ono
official, who was in tho position to know,
that thero wero over 300 girls in Cnlgary
whose waies per week were nearer $1 per
week thun ?9. The intention of tho legislators may bo of tho best, but all agreements
are based on the primary law known as the
freedom of contract, and in tho world of
business this law can only bc maintained by
driving the stors girl to the limit.
Tho good Intentions of tho legislature can
only bo earriod into effect by ft strong moral
support of the public .awakened by a sense
of the injustice of the whole thing. Girls
generally know but little about organization,
and it is safe to say thnt tho freedom of
contract, which nftor ull i.s a slave contract,
can only bo met by thc organization objecting to some of tho terms of tho contract.
These objections to tho contract of low wnges
must spring from an organisation expressing
discretion and intelligence, To tho workers
In stores act, the Retail Clerks' Protective
association is tho only way out. There Ib no
othor. The Clerks' union can make the employer live up to the minimum wage law if
the clerks get with the union. If the clerks
stay out of tho union, there Is no real reason
why ths employer should live up to the law.
The nature of business does not permit it.
Every trade unionist whose female dependents and relatives work in stores should seo
that they are mad; acquainted with the alms
and objects of the Clerks' union.
W. H. HOOP.
Vancouver, May 20,  1918.
Wants Correspondents
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: I am greatly
interested in the study of thc principle of
socialism and universal brotherhood, and am
desirous of -exchanging views with otherB resident in various parts of Canada and thc
United States on thnt subject. Would you,
therefore, be kind enough to insert this short
note in the journal so ably conducted by you,
in the hope that it may attract tho notice, of
some comrade who would care to write to
ino at the atnehed nddress, and thus Inaugurate a correspondence which should be in-
structo'e und interesting. I contribute extensively to the democratic journals throughout
Australia. I will guarantoa to answer nil
correspondents regularly. All letters must
be written in English, but correspondence
from anyone, rogardleRH of race is welcomed.
I thank you for the courtesy you hnve shown
by the insertion of ihis lotter. Yours fraternally,
DERBY OLONARD.
Unity Hall, '
559 Kuthdowno street.
North Carlton, Melbourne,
Victoria, Austrnlin.
The Six-Hour Day
Edilor B. C. Federatlonist: In the March
Issue of your valuable und trite journal,
there appeared an article concerning Lever
Bros., soap manufacturers of England. In
the article which I refer to, mention was
mad.*, cither that tho six-hour dny had been
granted or was being contemplated by the
aforementioned employers. If my memory
servos me right, the article in question appeared in the issue of March 12.
Th? six-hour day Is soon to ho a live Issue
in this country of the Star-Spangled Banner,
at least among the "metal miners," and for
that reason I would appreciate any informntion bearing on the six-hour day.
Kindly acquaint ine nt your earliest opportunity bb to whether the six-hour dny is in
operation in the Lever Bros.' industry.
The FederationiBt is a very welcome and
eagerly looked forward to treat by thc victims of the industrial baron's kangaroo court.
The kern'I of tho enclosed clippings is In
keeping with the broad spirit of this "mob-
ocracy," and will in a manner of spenking
pavo the way for a bill prohibiting one from
thinking other thnn according to law. Why
not!
Trusting thnt I linvo not imposed upon
good nature, and awaiting nn early reply, I
beg ta remain.    Industrially yours,
E. J.  MACCOSHAM.
Cook County Jail,
Chicago, III.,
May 7, 1918.
(The only information we have on hnnd is
to th? effect that* Hie six-hour dny hns nl-
ready been put into effect nt the big soap
works of Lever Brothers at Port Sunlight,
No further word has been received an to bow
it is working out, but the eight-hour day,
which hnd been in effect thero prior to this,
worked out so satisfactorily that the shareholders are still rolling in wealth. The six-
hour day is nlso one of the planks in the Independent Lnbor Party's programme for the
forthcoming British elections. A letter addressed to tho pnrty nt Manchester may enable you to get further informntion. If any
of our readers hnve any informntion on this
subject, they cnn send it to the above address.)—Editor B. 0; Fed-rnlionist.
Don't Be Misled
Editor B, C. Fedcratlnnisl: Reports keep
coming through from Winnipeg, that is,
mnBter-olftSS rrjiorts, hut some of the attempts to b'doiid the soldiers' and workers'
minds are so fooblo nnd lbe veneer between
the truth und a He so thin that* these molders of i.pinion hnvo become il laughing stock
to serious-minded men. Two incidents, to
hand: In one of the local contemporaries
much ado and considerable spaco was allotted to the acrobatic feats of a returned
soldier, alleged to be a spast member of
Vancouver fire brigade. This gentleman
must have made a fine spectacle of himself
for the benefit of all the strikebreakers and
newspaper reporters. One would think, by
the prominence displayed, that this friend
of his own class, was the only returned soldier in Winnipeg. Is it true, boys, that
there are 2,000 returned men in Winnipeg
at thiB date, but out of this number only
one of this calibre could be found f Could
it be possible that there waB two of them
and the papers not be aware of the fact!
No; the truth Is out. The returned mon
are Joining the unionB and the Federated
Labor party by hundrods, and in their desperation tbe master class has to seise tho
paltry acrobatic performance In a Wlnnipog
firehall, and flash It all over the country
with a view of setting up a contest between tbe returned men and the workers.
But it will be all to no avail. The Great
War Veterans' Association has placod Itself
on record, without tho asking, aB being opposed to any such practice as being era-
ployed to brenk down tho conditions of the
workerB, of which they themselves aro a
part.
A few days later dally pross headlines appeared as follows: "10,000 Men on Striko
in Winnipeg." A furthor subhead ln the
samo article reads: "Citizens Solid Behind
Mayor nnd  Council."
To the workers of Wlnnipog; to the
workers of Vancouver, comes tho question,
the citizens behind; thc workers before.
Then, at this juncture, how are you, as producors of wealth, taxpayers, to bo classed!
Are wo not citizens and, if we aro, aro wo
both behind and before tho mayor and council   of Winnipeg,
Further discussion is useless. Tou cease
to he either citizens or desirable persons
tho moment you desiro a bettor status of
living and that desire does not coincide with
the ruling class. If you, aB workers, got
what you want, what of it T It is yours
by all moral right, for you made it—but
have not yot collected it.
Workers of Canada: Unite on the industrial and political plane and there will he
a new era!    Tours in unity,
G. H. HARDY.
510 Dominion Building.
present that no comment on them Ib called
for. Although tho Bolshoviki now hold the
centre of the stage they are hy no means
the most radical of the parties in Russia.
On January last a protest meeting was held
in Petrograd againBt the Bolsheviki. The
Anarchists -at this meeting called the Bolsheviki "the new bourgeoisie."
THE ANARCHISTS—The philosophy and
ideals of these most radical of tho radicals
are much misunderstood. Briefly, the Anarchists differ from the Socinlists and tbe Bolsheviki by not believing in government, and
therefore refuse to take part in politics. They
do not seek political power and object to
those who do. They desire to form a social
soolety in whieh "each will rocoive according to his needs and contribute according to
his ability." The Anarchists are all Communists in principle and a part of them also
Syndicalists. Tho Anarchist Syndicalists in
Russia follow the example of the French
Syndicalists and the Welsh miner Syndicalists. They take over and work
their own factories and in this way
directly share the profits of their own labor,
ihey want productive and consumptive cooperation, doing away with both capitalist
and middleman. They do not enter Into
politics and are thereforo little spoko about,
but they control and run more factories in
Russia today than moBt of us imagino, and
therefore their power must not ho ignored.
Finally the MaxImalistB consist of all the
parties which desire the maximum from the
revolution, and Include the Bolshoviki, the
Monshovlki, Internationalists, tho Extreme
Hoclal Revolutionists and the Anarchists.
GREEDS OF POLITICAL
PARTIES  IN  RUSSIA
[By Manuel Komroff, formerly editor of Tho
Russian Dally News, Petrograd]
THE MONARCHISTS—In Bpito of the
present revolutionary chaos, the Monarchists
as a party are not to bo Ignored. Their
numbers are few but powerful. Tho party
is mnde of the memberB of tbe old nobility,
the clergy of tho old Greek Orthodox Church,
the lords of the land, tho great capitalists
and some of the old officials. All desire the
return of the old regime. Itodzianko, the
former president of the Duma, is one of
the leaders of this party; his last public
appearance was at tho Moscow Conference.
Pourishkevitch is the other notable leader of
tho Monarchists. He was a member of the
duma and leader of the famous Black Hundred whicli instigated tho Jewish massacres.
Whon arrested by the Bolsheviki he said, "I
am a Monarchist by principlo and hope to
remain onc, but Bince tho revolution I have
takon no active steps to carry out any of
tny ideas, but hopo to do so if oleetod to
the constituent assembly," He was released
and vas head of a special Rod Ctobb division r,t tho front. In connection with Pou-
rishketvltch it Ib interesting to note that
he wbb one of these who took part in the
murder of Rasputin.
THE CADETS—The word Cadot comes
from tho letters C and D, which stand for
Constitutional Democrat. The party comprises a majority of tho land proprietors,
capitalists, factory owners, many of the professional classes and a good part of tho students. Tho platform includes a constitutional monarchy with political reforms. Tho
Cadets believe in the development of the
country with capitalism as a basis and industry ns a power, similar to tho governments of Europe prior to tho war. They aro
also in favor of dissolving the peasant communities existing in Russia and providing
fur individual ownership of land. They are
very much pro-war, even to the extent of
aggressive warfare, desiring the occupation
of Constantinople and the Dardanelles; thoy
also oppose the secession of any part of
Russian into separate states. Their most
brilliant leader is Milliukoff, former member
of the duma und minister of foreign affairs
during the first provisional government;
Macklukoff, Shlngeroff, Lvoff and others belong to this group.
SOCIAL DEMOCRATS—At the second
convention of tho Russian Social-Democratic
Labor Party held in Switzerland in 19011,
the party divided into two, i.e., the Men-
sh.-viki (the word "Mcnshoviki" meaning
thoso who are In the minority) and the Bolsheviki (those holding tho majority); it is
also interesting to nuto that Plakhanoff and
Lenin were the leaders of* the different sides
at the convention. Tho programme of the
Menshoviki is one of Karl Mnrx Socialism.
They believe In the centralization of capital
in all countries under the theory that Its
concentration will in time mako the producer the consumer; then through parliamentary action capitalism can easily be
abolished. They also follow the Karl Marx
doctrine of the capiltnlization of tho land
In the hands of a few, but realizing the
present needs of tho people they compromise their programme nnd favor, for the
time boing, the division of the land among
the peasants, the land owners being compensated by the state. They stand for wide
reforms In Industrial law, and desire state
control for Btate industry and municipal
ownership in cities and towns. But when
it comes to the question of war the party
differs in opinion nnd divides into the two
following branches:
1. Pro-War Party (or "Party Unity")
with Plakhanoff, the author and idealist nt
its hend. Plaklinnoff was the former lender
of tho entire pnrty. This party favors
the continuation of the wnr, but only as a
defensive measure, nnd desires no annexation and no indemnity.
2. The Internationalists, with Martoff,
tho scientist, nt tlieir head and Gorky, the
brilliant writer, ns spokesman. They are
ngainst militarism, hut thoy are also strongly opposed to nny separate peace.
SOCIAL REVOLUTIONISTS—The Social
Revolutionists, miuh-times called th> "Peasants' Party," differ from tho Socinl Democrats hy being non-Marxists nnd stand for
tlio further develpoment of the old existing
pensnnt communes. They also desire the confiscation of lam! from the large landholders.
In the industrial field they nre cullectivists.
From this pnrty emerge such notable figures
ns Catherine ltreshkovsky and Kerensky.
Chernoff, the former minister of agriculture
lu the Kerensky government, Is leader of
the party. Here again there Is n division
on the question of war, tho two branches
nre the Minimalists, and thu Extreme Socinl
Revolutionists. The Minimalists are content
with tho revolutionary gains on hand and
male the best of thu situation favoring a
defensive war, similar to the Menshoviki.
The Extreme Social Revolutionists, however,
are not content with the present strides of
the revolution, and therefore desiro the
revolution to continue to Its logical conclusion; they are Internationalists and anti-
Militarists, but nre also against any separate  peace.
BOLSHEVIKI—Tho Word Bolsheviki, as
we have already pointed out, originated at
the split of the Social Democrats ln 1908.
Tho word meant nothing more than majority
till the end of last year when thoy became
the party In power. The Bolsheviki differed very little from the Social Democrats
nl ths time of tho division of the party,
excopt, perhaps, thnt they wore a Uttle more
radically inclined, As time passed this became more nnd more evident, and ab the
pnrty developed it became more and more
extreme, and now there seems to be nn unfathomable gulf between tho two. Their
aim is communistic socialism, which they
hope to accomplish by control of the state.
'I'll* main point in their present tactics Is
to continue the revolution to Its fullest extent toward the ideal of communism and not
to stop nt anything until tho fullest development possible is accomplished. They fnvor
the confiscation and distributoin of the Innd
nmong Ihe workers and peasants, with but
ons condition, i.e., that those who hold the
land must work It. They wnnt municipalization nnd nationalisation of Industry. They
aro nnti-iiiiliiniistR and Internutionnllsts;
they have tried (o forco peace upon the
world by nil the methods and means In their
power, resting tbelr main hopes on the synchronous notion of the work?™ of all warring nations, Thoy would not accept the
German pence terms, which favored the German capitalists; and according to their programme will only mnke pence with the workers on the principlo of no annexation and
no Ind.-mnlty.
The Bolshoviki also desire thc self-deter-
initiation of nations, nnd one of tbelr first
acts wns to separate tho church from tInstate. Tlieir leaders. Lcnln, Trotzky nud
krllonko  nro so much  wrltl-n    about    at
Naughty Dr. Edwards spilled a pot of
beanB on the nice clean parliament floor
during a recont debate on the civil Bor-
vico. At leaat, he triod bard to upset
the pot; but the deputj' speaker grabbed it just in time, and saved a* lot of
the contents. Thoy had quite a struggle between them beforo tho pot was
finally placed securely right sido up
again. The beans belonged to no loss a
personage tban Chief Justice 8ir Chtuj,
Pitzpatrick, and they should nevor havo
been disturbed by common hands. So
tho deputy speaker sternly tola Dr. Edwards, It was quite all right to poko
now and thon into the beans of ordinary mortals; but the pot containing
tho beans of a great high-up was sanctum sanctorum, and it was utter sacrilege to oven look upon it from a distance.
ooo
However, from what did come out, it
seems that tho impeccable mainstay of
the law received $2500 each year, for
three years, for tho purposo of attending thc sittings of tho privy council in
Englnnd; that ho put tho money iu hiB
pocket, but didn't bother about going
to England. Dr. Edwards was nasty
onough to oppress tho opinion that if
somo common person did such a thing,
he would bo charged with stealing from
tho public treasury; though ho admitted
freely, that it wouldn't do at nil to give
such an unpleasant sounding namo to
anything tho chief ■justice of Canada
did.
ooo
Thero would be moro than names
floating about if a low-down working-
man took, say, $10 to do a job, put the
monoy in his jeans, refused to do the
work and couldn't give back tho ten
bucks. Why, policemou, magistrates,
warders and all the rest of them would
bo doing some brisk stirring until Mr,
Workingman was safely locked away
whero ho could do nothing dishonest for
somo timo to come. And ho wouldn't
need to go as high as $10 either—to say
nothing of tho $7500 Sir Charlie aimed
at. One solitary buck, or a loaf of
bread for his hungry kiddies, would be
quito enough to brnnd him ns au infamous thief. Which all, somehow, reminds us of the Fronch proverb, "The
horso whieh draws most is most whip-
pod."
ooo
A man by tho name of Francis Hume
Nichols, writing in tho Forecast, advocates the wearing of shoes mado from
shark skin. We don't like tho idea a
bit, Frank. It would be altogether too
horrible if the plutes bought thom.
Fancy walking about in shoes made
from the skins of their dead brothers!
Ugh!
0     0     0
"There is no lack of labor in tho
west," declares Mr. J. D. McGregor,
thc Canada Food board's director of
Labor. Sure thing—with the C. 1*. R.
elnohlng matters by importing negroes
from tho United States to displace the
white Canadians in its dining car servico. And thon wo must not forget the
Winnipeg amateurs—Mrs. T. N. Cayke,
Miss D. U. Reverse, and Mr. TJ. B.
Damned—trying so hard to hold back
iho world's progress. Oh, there's no
lack of labor—unloss it's tho squaro
deal labor lacks.
ooo
In this year's estimates, tho department of Mines is allowed $427,000; tho
department of Fisheries, $875,000; penitentiaries, $900,000, and Immigration,
$1,000,000. As there is practically no
other immigrntion just now, those imported nogroes should havo onc whale
of a time. If they don't got that -million then it must surely go to tho C. P.
R, for bringing them in. Whoro else
can it go?
ooo
Here's a puzzle. Tho Methodist ministers of British Columbia get a 25 per
cent, inerease of salary, and tho working man don't kick. The working men
try to get a little added on to theirs'
and the Methodist ministers and their
flocks kick like blazes. Tbe puzzle is
to find who's got tho Christian spirit.
Too casyt   You've said itl
0     0     0
Even royalty seems to be Buffering
theso days. According to the Woman's
Century, Princess Louise was seen oat
one day wearing a sable coat she has
hud since her husband was Viceroy of
Canada.
ooo
Tho next thing tho government ought
to do is to arrest tho mon the C. P. R.
let out, for lonflng. And, by tho way,
the C. P. R. held its annual meeting in
Montreal quite recently. Tho papors
all say that Lord Shaughnossy, the presidont of the company, gave out Borno
interesting information* thon. Probably
ho was ehecrod until tho rafters rang
when ho told how, in his superlative
patriotism, ho had let out his whito
dining car employees and filled their
places with imported negroeB.
T.B. CUTHBERTSON A 00.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
830 aranrlll* Strut
SIB Btitiigi Stntt Wtit
CLELAND-DIBBLE ENGRAVING OOMPANY
Limited
PHOTO ENGRAVERS — COMMERCIAL
ARTISTS
Phone  Seyintur 7100
Third Flow, W«I* Building
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
—Tho only Union  Shop  In Vancouver--
4
Great Shoe News
for Men
Most Welcome Shoe Announcement That Has Been
in Vancouver for Weeks
The Just Wright Shoe Co. maintained a distributing warehouse for the
western provincos at Begina. Present-day conditions made it necessary
to reduce their selling agencies, because production was unable to keep
pace with the demandi bo the Just Wright Co. sold us the stock on hand
at a big discount, rather than waste money, time and energy in shipping
it back to the -east. We, in our turn, are foregoing a good slice of our
regular profits to make a shoe sale that will advertise and bring prestige
to our Men's Shoe Department.
Everyone knows that the "Just Wright" Shoe is one of the flrst shoes
in America. It has a reputation for style, for shape-keeping, for oxcel-
lonce of flnish, worthiness of stock nnd goneral all-round satisfaction.
Hundreds of mon in thiB olty will wear no other, simply because they
have found a shoe that they have alwayB found reliable and tho best
shoo investment they know.
The six hundred pairs wo havo to offor at this bnrgain price include
gunmetal calf, velour calf and vici kid bluchers, bals and button boots,
in broad too, rnodium and pointed (English) lasts, including somo lasts
with Noolin soleB.   All sizes.   Begular $8 and $10 <£C   QE
valuos.   On special selo at   f3 ■ «7 W
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
If yoa haven't Joined the Federated Labor
Party, get In touch with Seoretary Trotter,
Room 206, Labor Tomple, or any of the vice-
presidents throughout the province, ***
Ttl'II    1KB    JUDSE1
of tha statement that anr OBce Supplies
and Stationers' Snairles stock Is the bast
In B. 0. Con* ln and look os overt
•17 VIEW ST.I
VIOTOBIA
WIRING CONTRACTORS
Expert Repairs
Motors, Lights, Bells, Telephones
The Jarvis Electric Co., Ltd,
570 Bichards Street
HOTEL ALCAZAR
OppiflU Lfttw Tm»lt
VAVOOTTBB,  B.  0.
—He*d«narton  far Labor  Men—-
Bitet—76o and 91.M per itf,
92.60 per week aid ap.
Oaf* at IttHiaMt satai
BAGGAGE
Delivered to and from all trains,
boats, hotels and residences
FURNITURE
ud
Piano Moving
'   Phone na itf oi night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Sot. ««-*
Union Station
BEST
COAL
Mined on Pacific Coast
WOOD
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Fall. 2800        1620 Main Street
CENTER & HANNA, Ud.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 OEOBOIA STBEET
One Block west of Court fioutn
Use of Modern Ohapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Patrons.
Telephone Soymonr 2426
THE BEST
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Fine Creamy Lather
and Doea Not Dry on the Face
DEMAND
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Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured ln British Columbia
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOB COUNCIL—MEETB
Irst ud third Thursdays. Exeoutlve
hoird: President, •. J. Kelly; vice-president,
F. W. Welsh; seeretsry snd bnsiness Kent,
V. K. Midgley; tressurer, F. Knowles; ser*
gesit-it*irms, J. F. Poole; trustees: J. H.
MoVety, W. B. Tratter, A. J. Crawford, F,
A. Hsever.
ALLIED PRINTINO} TBADES  COONOII*—
Meets stood Mindly in Ut montk. President,  Set. Bnnltj-;  secretary,  B. H.  Mee*
lssds, P.o, Bix et.
J0UBNEYMENBARBERS'INTERNA*
tltntl Onien tl Aatrlca, Lteal Kt. Ho—
Ms.ts stctnd nnd lourth Tioidiyt in Ut
m,m£>J*2i a06* L*b*r ''•"tit. President,
...• Borritt; tieretiry, a. H. Ornnt, 1071
Alternl street.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTEBS, LOOAL
No. tl7—Meets overy second nnd fourth
M.ndsy ovontni, 8 p.m., Lubor Temple.
President, R. W. Bntley, phono Fair. 2I92L;
llnancial secretnry, 0. Those; reeordlnc sec*
5S")P*' is. R* *WheU; businoss nfsnt,
Walter Thomu, Roots 211, Labor Temple.
Phone   Bey.   74»6.
BKOTBEBBOOD    OF    BOILEB    MAKERS
nnd Iron Skip Builders nnd labors of
Amtriu, Tuoonver Lodge No.  lti—Hosts
every Mondty, 6 p.m. President, M. A. Mo*
Enchcrn, 1245 Alberni St.; secretlrytrcls*
urer, Angus Fraser, 1151 Howe St.; businoss
sgtnt, J. B. Ctrmiehsel, itoossi 212, Ubor
Tomplo.
COOKS, WAITERS AND WA1TBEBSEB,"
Loco! 21—Meets overy first nnd third
Wodneidty ol 2:30 p.m.; seeond nnd fonrth
Wedneidtys at !:0t p.m., Lsbor Templo.
President, Fred. Hurls; secretory tnd busl*
ness sgent, Wm. Miokensle, Boom 2tt, Labor
Temple. Offlee hours, 11 to 12 noon; 2 to
» P*m.
INTERNATIONAL ONIOjToF STEAM AND
Operating Engineers,    Loeal    No.  I2t—
-.*.<-.<•.■■.., un-*.-.**-,.., uvea. aa. tut—
Moots every Mondty, 7:81 p.m„ Ltbor
Tomple.   Prosidont, J. R. Flynn" t"
streot, New Westminster,* rfco-pro ,   ..
Chopuitn; secrettry-tretsurer, W. A. Alexin-
—-,....••■<, .....H.,*...Hu.u, vi. a. Aiexon
der, Room 2 IS, Lnbor Templo. Phono Soy
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL NO. 218
-Moots in Room 205, Labor Temple.
"•JT Mondty, 8 p.m. Presidont. D. W.
McDongtll, 1162 Powell streot; rocordlng
secretory, John Murdock, Ltbor Templo;
flntneltl secreUry tnd bueinett tgont, E. H.
Morrlttn, Room 207 Ltbor Temnle.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S AS*
soclttion, Locnl 8852—Olet tnd hill, 804
lender street weet. Meets ovory Fridly,
8 p.m. Secrettry.trouurer, F. Ohtpmtn:
business  agent,  L.  Mirsh.
'• ,M. F* 'LOCAL 88*5!-, AUXILiABT-
(Mlrine     Wirehouiemen     tnd     Freight
Hsndlers).  Hetdqntrten,  488  Howe Itreet.
Meets  Irst  tnd   third Wedneediy,   8  p.m.
Hecrettry Ind business lgontL E. Winch'
AMALOAMATED MEAT OUTTEB8 AND
Butcher Workmen's Union, No. 848—Meots
.{  "1?  'hlrd  Tnosdiyt  of  eich   month,
Libor Temple,  8 p.m.      President, B. W.
Line; reeordlng secretary, E. Lofting; Hum*
ciai seeretsry ind business igent. T. W An-
dorssn, 587 jlomer street.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAOCE OF NORTH
Amerlct     (Vincouver    and    vicinity)—
Briich meets second ind fonrth Mtndtvs
m'i? 20*1' ,L„,„bor„Ten"''«*    FrMldont, B5
MeDiugill, 1928 Orml street; tmnoltl too*
retiry, J*. Lyons, 1648 V.n.blei itreet;
tZVfil """>_**■ _■ Westmoreland, 8247
Point Orey n>id._Pnono Blyvlew 2t7tL.
SHIPYARD LABORERS, FASTENERS AND
Rlggere, I L A., Local Unltn 88A, Series
5—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays of ths
Eil ' Lii'" temple, 8 p.m. President, J.
Sully; financial secrotary, M. A. Phelps*
businoss ngent and corresponding secretnry
Te'mS"        °™ra'    R°'"a 21»*22*'.    Labor
street"S)d~ele6tric railwatTm:
ployees, Pionoor Division, No. 101—Meets
Labor Templo, second and fourth Wednesdays st 8 p.m. Prosidont. W. H. Cottrell;
retinrer. t. S. Cleveland; recording secre*
Phl.AlX' Jiltt"*-'.;*-"? Trinity street,
Pbone High. 168R; flnlnclil eeentary and*
business agent, Fred. A. Hoover, 2409 Cltrk
drive. nfflee_oorner_Prlorjnd Miln streets.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS1 BNION~~OP"
«... .".''""S' l"lc*1 No* "8—Meetings held
nret Mondty In eseh montk, 8 p.m. Presi-
?.,'„f "• Oatonby; vice-president, W.
«""ft ™S°r-*'"'«,'°cro.iry, W. W. Hocken,
Box 608 Ul ""•'arj', T. Wood, P.o!
'WftTraamfBRS* ~AND~OHADF*
fours' Onion, Loul No. «65-Meet. every
Wednssdi, „ 8 „,„.     P„Hdm.     w  7
Brown; business tgent, J, F. Poole, 416
Twenty-tret tvenue eltt, Phono Ftlr. 7I6R;
J."n !!'.' '.•""JS.'7' B,n" Show'*"* Wt Rob*
H.m,"r'r:f,,;.,.PI"",e  *"*•  5fl'»*  °"«.  M-
TYPOGRAPHICAL ONION, No. 226-Moett
lust Sundly if eseh month it 2 p.m.   President,  B.   Marshall;  vlco-prosldont,  W. H.
i     Bfl' "'""•"'•'■'roo'urer, R. H. Neeltndt
B. 0. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Moots In
•niutl convontion In Jinutry.    Executive
fleers,  W1819: President, Dnnun McCtl*
luiu   Lthtr Temple,  Vincouver;  vice-pros!*
Sen!i"Ty'!?,Muvor    '■*,•■""■•    "altn    Held,
Soutk Wellington; Vlctorit, J. Ttyltr; Prince
J,",*"1!1' »w* E' Thompson; Vucouver, E.
Winch, W. R. Trottor; New Westminster, P.
Peebles; West Koolemy, Mireus Mirtln.
Nelssn; Crows Nest Piss, W. A. Shennsn,
Fernle. Secretirytreisurer, A. 8. Wells, Box
1588, Vlctoris, B. 0.
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES AND
Lsbor Council—Moots flrst ind third Wed*
noidiys, Knights of Pythias Hall, North
1'nrk stroet, at 8 p.m. Prosldent, B. Sim-
illons; vlco-prosldont, T, Dooley; seorotsry.
tressurer, Christian Siverts, P. 0. Box 802.
Victoria, B. 0.
PBINOE BUFSBT,  B.  0.
PRINOE ROPERT TRADEB AND LABOR
Counoil—Moots second and fourth Tuee*
days of eaeh mouth, In Carpenters' hill,
Prosidont, S. D. Macdonald: seeretary. W. B.
rhompson, Box 278, Princo Rnpert, B. 0.
SOUTH WELLD.OTOM, V. I.
LOOAL ONION, No; 872, 0. M. W. of A.-
Moets second and fourth Sundays of eioh
montk, it 8:30 p.m., Richards Hall. President, Walter Hood; vice-president, Andre*
Ptrkor; recording aeeretary, James Bateman;
flnanclal secretary, W. Mscdonald; treasurer. J. H. Richardson.
If you hnv;*n't J.il T Hie tVili.rntcd Lnbor
Pnrty, got In touch With Secretnry Trotter,
Room 200, Lnbor Templo, or nny of the vice-
presidents throughout tho province. ***
em FBIDAY...
...May 24, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
We Are Selling Bicycles
for $46.50
—WHEN YOU buy our bicycle at this price you not
only save money, but you also get a high-grade
machine backed by our guarantee.
' Men's and women's models in different sizes $46.50
Juvenile Bicycles for children at $39.00
—Sporting Goods Dept., Third Floor
M^sonSsBDuCornpanj}. Ml
^. .   _J imwwffto   »ta      MIWWT i ttiMiwt. tuott mmhiwomh \   t*****-1'   ,
Granville and Georgia Streets
UNIONISM AND CO-OPERATION COMBINED
Health, Comfort and Good Appearance-
—three things that everybody wants
Tou can't havo them, howover, in tho highest degree unless your
toeth are in good order.
If they are dofective or imperfect, call on me and let me examine
them. I '11 tell you just what ahould be done to thom and show you
how much their being placed in proper condition means to you. If
desired, I'll also givo you an estimate on the cost of the work.
You'll find my examination and advico well worth your while.
X-Bftjr ilmi tekti If uui-
■mt;    10-irwr   funnlm
glTW.
PHOMB SBT. 83S1
Examination!   tude   on
phone appointment!.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Grown and Bridge IneiaUit
602 Hastings Straet West, Oor. Seymour
Office Open Dally Until » fjL
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
"Too don't havo to buy from ub, bnt yoa will."
OOODTEAB—DOMIMION—MICHELIN
In fact, tf it's a good auto tire, we have It.
Iioek Over Onr New Ante Radiator Ornaments
MOTOR ACCESSORIES, LTD.
HOWS STBBBI AT OEOBOIA
SETMOUB 8680
[By D. W. Kennedy]
Tes, sirl I nm a union man, and
have been one for many years. I realize that if I had not sense enough to
join with my fellows and d-emand decent treatment from tho employers in
my trade, that no consideration would
have been given to my individual ap*
peal for better wages and shorter hours
of employment. Co-operation with my
brothers has enabled me to improve my
standard of living. I have also seen
how other workers, engaged at other
trades and callings have awoke to the
nocossity of organizing, so that they
could collectively demand better treatment from their employers.
Whilo I have told my fellow members that we were entitled to still more
wagos, to enable us to keop our homes
and rear our families, and seeing what
benefits we had obtained by joint action nnd what progress other callings
had mado by tho workors co-operating,
I havo beon from time to timo im- f
pressed with the necessity of a still
greater co-operation among tho various
organized branches of the Labor movemont.
Every section of workers iB entitled
to a greater part of what thoy produco
and because of that Bpirit of brotherhood which is essentially prevalent in
tho organized labor movement, I recog-
nizo that I and my fellow members in
my trade, Bhould at all limes assist and
co-oporato with other trades and callings to better their conditions. As a
workor, or as a wago slavo if you will,
I am necessarily a consumer of many,
commoditioB that havo been produced
by my brothers employed at other callings and who havo also boon alive to
tho benefits of organization.
At a recent meeting of our union
a committeo of working girls reported
that their employer, an overall manufacturer, had refused to recognize their
union, recently organized, and had
warned them that no union would run
hiB business. The girls appealed to our
members to buy the overalls mado in
another shop, where they wore granted
a union scale of wages and better working conditions genorally. As purchasers
of that article of wearing apparel, we
were asked to patronize their union
labor, becauso as union men wo could
not consistonly support an employer opposed to unionism.
Here waB our opportunity to show
our union spirit. "BoyB," I said, "let
us help those girls to maintain their
union; let us bind ourselves to buy
only tho union-made overalls." And
our mooting pussed a motion to that
effect. Here was practical co-operation;
hero was the vindication of that union
spirit that had induced my follow members to organize. As purchasers of
union-made overalls our members could
demonstrate our practical unionism und
at the same timo render valuablo assistance to tho union women making
thoso overalls. I waB much impressed
with thiB practical form of co-operation
because it onablod my union to holp
other organized workers and if the
other unions, whose members wore
overalls, would only tako tho samo action, by our united strength, wo could
drivo tho unfair employer out of business or make him too tho mark and
pay his employees a decent wage.
"In union thero is strength." By
tho active co-operation of many othor
unions in this and othor citios and
towns wo soon brought that unfair
overall manufacturer to hiB souses, the
result being tho women had another
union fnctory and havo now a strong
organization and are ablo to demand
ovon bettor wagos than ovor.
Whilo walking down Haatinga street
f labor." And, as we each puffed away
at those cigars, wo realized how eaay
it is to extend the hand of co-operation to our union brothers in other
organizations, and what an added
strength the Labor movoment would
have* if each of ub would alwaya display our unionism.
PAGE SEVEN
ii
IKMHC
PAINTS
Dependable quality, reasonable price
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co.
642 GRANVILLE STREET
Freie Homesteads
BRITISH COLUMBIA
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS | ono" morJng I mot BoTjoiimi of tho
Barbers' union. "Woll, Bill, how is
the union getting on?" "Oh, wo are
making somo progress; threo moro
shops now display our union shop card,
but thero are still sevoral shops to bo
brought into lino, and wo ask the union
boys to patronize our union shops, and
tell their friends to keop away from
any barber shop that doea not display
the union shop card. We'll land thoso
shops yet if we get the union men to
co-oporato with us." "Woll, good luck,
Bill; wish your union all success."
At tho noxt block I met an old
friend, of the Carpenters' union.
"Hello, Bob," I mid, "How goes itt"
"Oh, can't complain much," ho replies. "Wo got our new union scale
adopted. Oh, by tho way, I was just
going to get a shave; como along und
wo will havo a talk." A few doors
up tho stroet, Bob is about to enter
a barber shop. I grabbed him by tho
arm: "Sny, Bob, don't you know that
is a non-union shop?" Bob gazed at
mo somewhat bewildered, thon, with a
smile, ho says, "Damn it; I forgot all
about that union shop curd; glad you
spoke, Tom, becauso I don't want to
patronize nny non-union barbers, when
I expect to employ union carpenters."
After Bob had secured his union-
shave and wo woro walking up tho
Btreot, wc happened to bump up
against Fred Smith of tho Machinists'
union. "Hello, boys," says Fred, "I
am just going to buy a puir of kicks.
Como along; I want your advico." So
wo wont into a Hustings streot store
whore they employ union ulerks. Havo
you noticed the union sign in the window? No; woll, just take ft look when
you aro passing. Union clerks uro asking for the co-oporntion of ull union
mon. Frod is shown several pairs of
shoes by tho clerk, and is about to
select a dark tan when I said to Fred,
"Have thoy got tho Shoo Workors
union stamp on tho Bole?" Aftor close
examination wo failed to find tho union
stamp. Fred looked at tho union clerk
and caught hira smiling broadly. "You
want union shoes, do you? Woll, wo'vo
got them, you bet." Sevoral styles of
tho union stamp variety wero soon displayed, and Frod bought a puir. As
wo camo out of the store, 1 remarked
to Fred: "You see what union co-operation cun do for tho union elerks and
for tho Shoo Workers' union." "Your
right, Tom; it'fl thc proper thing to do
and I nm going to toll our members to
co-oporato with tho other unions by
buying union products whenovor possible and patronizing union labor."
Ah tho three of us walked nlong each
was thinking hard of the possibilities
of boosting unionism, if only euch
union member would, us a consumer,
domnnd the union labol on what he
buys, or look for tho union shop card,
"Let's have a smoke, boys." So we
went in and nskod for cigars. The
cigar caso contained a score of brands.
Bob beat mo to It; ho hadn't, forgot
about lhat shoo purchnso. "Givo us
ono of thoso 'blue union label' cigars—
yes; that's the brand; and it's made in
Vancouver, too." "1 havon't forgotten what thnt union mnn from the
Clgnr Makers' union told ua about those
igars made by child lubor in many
parts of eastern Canuda. Look for the
blue union label on the cigar-box I Yes,
that's tho advico ho gave us, Tom;
then   we   are   not   patronizing   child.
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands.   The
finest mixed farming lands iu the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing.   Thc settlers who
have gone in there are all boosters, as they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON, Land Cruiser
PACIFIC OBEAT EASTERN RAILWAY
WELTON BLOCK VANCOUVER, B. O.
Taste is the Test
Of the Drinks that are Best
—BUY THE PRODUCTS OF THE—
-VANCOUVER BREWERIES, LTD.-
Because they are equal er better tban any other similar products, let
them come from where they may
-ASK FOR—
Cascade Beer
THE BE
Alexandra Stout
THE BEER WITHOUT A PEER
THE DRINK THAT SATISFIES
IS™ Soda Water
FULL LINE, PURE FRUIT FLAVORS
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
Some Speculation on What
Is Being Worked Out
in Russia
[Tho following nrtlclo was written for The
Christian Soionoe Monitor by Samuel N. Har-
por, professor of Russian in thu University
of Chicago. Copyright, 1918, by Tho Christian Science Publishing Society, All rights
reserved. ]
DUS8IA ia to bo a "socialistic" re-
* * public. In a word, this means at
least what one has known was bound to
como eventually in Russia, namely,
"land to those who till it." Tho peasants must havo moro lands, and the
largo estates are to bo brokon up. It
has boen clear also that the workmen
muat havo more "rights." But "socialistic" taay mean moro than that.
This is tho problem of the Russian revolution, and it is in connection with
the solution of this problem that Russia
perhaps is working out Bome new ideas.
One doos not know what the final readjustment will be. Por tho moment the
pendulum has swung way over to the
other extreme; "all land to tho peasants," and "workman control of tho
means of production." But the recent
concessions have been on these very
points; the extromo socialism of the
Bolshoviki has failed, and ono is swinging back to more reasonable readjustment. But the economic changes will
be genuine, and very radical. Aud Russia perhaps will work out something
useful for others in this field of social
economics.
"Soviet Republic" is tho keynote of
tho new official title. What is a Soviet?
We havo translated tho word usually by
thc English word council; for example,
the "Council of Workmen's and Soldiers Deputies." Tho Bolsheviki announced their now form of government
as a"soviet govornment." It is stated
that the Bolshoviki has givon up tho
title of socialists and havo assumed tho
name "Communists." The leading Finnish Social-Democrat, Tokoi, who is opposing the present Whito Guard government iu Finland, lias been quoted ro-
contly as drawing tho same distinction
betweon himself as a socialist and the
Bolsheviki as Communists. Tho Soviet
does represent a kind of communism,
and tho Central Soviet body a federation of Soviets. One wouid suppose
the plan is something like this: Each
community has its Soviet. Tho Russian
village community is suggested by aome
as the prototype, having, in fact, suggested tho Soviet. Then there is to be
some sort of co-ordination of theso various local communes.
In thc cities tho Soviot organization
could be perfected rather easily. Thoro
has been tho Soviet for oach city, with
two sections, one for workmon aud one
for soldiers. In tho various factories
and regimental barracks one had tho
factory or regimont committee, which
received its instructions from thc Soviet. But in tho country, has ench village formed n unit by itself! Or were
the villages looked upon as too small
units for independent Soviet representa-:
tion, and thereforo a group of villages
brought together and organized into a
local commune or Soviet? This would
seem to havo been tho procedure, tho
old administrative groupings of villages
by cantons or volosts having boon used.
With such larger units ono could easily
get a centrnl Soviet, such as tho All-
Russinn Congress of Soviets, which
would presumably meet like a frequently convened constitution-making assembly, with a permnnent executive committee, us a kind of parliament. In
this way onc would get a representation of thc workmen and peasants, nud
of thc soldiers whon an army is maintained or organized for nny specific purpose.
But where do tho "ther classes of tho
populntion come in? Logicully there
will bo no other classes in the course of
time, and until thoy are suppressed,
thoy will of course not hnve any representation. Bnt this is exactly whut one
scorns to bo getting away from. So
the last word of this title can bo taken
ns tho most temporary pnrt of the whole
structure. And though tho roporls insist that the Soviets are getting stronger and stronger, this simply moans
thnt one hns not reached tho end of the
experiment.
In thc fi ii 111 readjustments the Soviets
as thc representation of workmen and
peasants, will undoubtedly survive in
some form, nnd be a powerful force.
Whon tho more rndicnl groups were
busy last summer "consolidating the
conquests of the revolution," their
main efforts were directed toward
strengthening these local workmen 'a
und peasants' councils.
How will these bodies, tho most outstanding products nf, and factors In,
the Russian revolution, fit into the governmental structure whon a democratic
all-class government is finally evolved?
This problem is nnother of the now
ideas which is being worked out. Under the old regime one hnd representative institutions, such aa tho Duma, nnd
the locnl provincinl councils. Thc basis
of representntinn for theso institutions
wns what the Russians culled the "all-
clnss" method. Each economic group
interest wus represented nlwnys by one
of its own members. Under thn old regime the propertied clnsses secured the
majority of seats in the distribution by
economic groups. Now the "working'*
classes hnve co'mplote control. Whatever the future readjustments bring,
one may be sure that (lie Soviets will
bo a most Important factor, continuing
ns the medium of (lie "working cIiwh"
participation in government.
Much of this discussion 1ms boen conjectured, nnd some hus been an attempt
to interpret meiigre reports.   One would
wish for more detailed aecounta of just
how the Soviets are elected and co-ordinated.   But on the basis of the facts!
at hand, one can perhaps    drnw    the j
abovo conclusions, and thus be better j
prepared to underslnnd the next stages
in the process, which at last, seems to I
bo ono of "Integration."
Section in British Columbia
Favored Importation
from China
On Monday at Ottawa there waa
tabled in the houae a return consisting
of 200 typewritten pages covering correspondence .between Sir Robert Borden, Hon. J. A, Calder and Hon. T. A.
Crear and varioua people relating to the
movement to bring Chinese coolies into
Canada.
Generally speaking, the proposal received a considerable amount of support
from a limited section of the agricultural interests of Saskatchewan, the
fruit growers of British Columbia, and
a few othor bodies. The strongest opposition came from organized labor.
One of the first letters on file was
from Mark Workman, president of the
Dominion Steol corporation, who, as far
back as August, 1917, referred to tho
possibility of "providing additional
labor for our operations in Cape Breton
through the expedient of importing Chinese workors."
Sir Robert Bordon, in reply, suggested
that the president of the Dominion
Steel corporation should make formal
application, setting forth the needs of
the corporation ln detail at a later date.
He stated that it would be impossible to
deal with the matter during the session
of parliament then in progress.
On January 8, 1918, Mr. Calder received a letter from M. Lew Hun Chang
of Vancouver, in whieh the proposal
was made that Chinese laborers should
be brought into Canada for the purpose
of cultivating land, and placed under
military discipline and military pay,
with the understanding that they would
bo returned to their own country after
the war. Nothing camo of this proposal.
Tho importation of coolies was vigorously opposed by soldiers' organizations. The Builders' Exchange of Montreal favored "a limited importation' of
Asiatic labor under well-defined regulations."
Tho plan of the BritiBh-Oanada Fruit
Growers was to have "indentured Oriental labor during the duration of the
war," whilo tho Vancouver Board of
Trade advocated the use of Oriental
labor temporarily in the country. No
definite action has yet been taken by
tho government.
What Is Your Answer?
Oan yon not spare 30 centi a day for a standard
Canadian piano, now that you are receiving
BIG WAGES?
Will you place music in your home, as your
friends and neighbors have done?
Or will you let this opportunity pass and after
awhile pay much more for a piano?
Our next shipment cannot be sold at our present
low prices.
Wc carry the largest stock of choice pianos in
Vancouver.
We sell Thc "New" Bell, The Haines Bros,, The
Williams New Scale—Pianos that are superior,
in our opinion, to any other—pianos that are
built in Canada.
Pianos with good English names that are a credit
to any home in the land.
Big bargains in uaed pianos—$100 ■
WHAT IS YOUR ANSWER? 1
.nos—$100 up. 1
BR? Why not do it now?     B
MOINTELIUS  524 528
PIANO HOUSE Ug faANViuf St
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Canadian Northern Railway
HAJfSOOMTINSNTAL
lowest Possible Passenger Fares
—u—
EASTERN DESTINATIONS
Modem Equipmmt—Courteous Attendants
Intel Comfort
Consult Our Nearest Agent or Write
DISTBIOT PASSENOEE AOENT, 606 HASTINOS W., VANCOUVER
Telephone Seymour 2482
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Every Little Movement
With every movement of the body—in every position and posture—you have perfect freedom
in our clothes.
Tho foundation of our clothes is the beBt fabrics built up to meet and unfailingly respond to
all conditions of servioe. If Old Man Economy could only speak, he would tell you to buy our
clothes because they're better.
Por a few days we are offering some broken lines in SuitB that are wonderful values at very
low prices.   You should have one of them.
A Dandy Watch with a $10 Boys' Purchase. 10% Discount to Veterans and Boys in Khaki
EST       THE JONAH-PRAT CO.
401 HASTINGS STREET FIT-RITE PARLORS OORNER HOMER
OEO.
PEAT
CITY MERCHANTS HAVE
CONFIDENCE
In the Trades Unionists of Vancouver
The Clerks' Union Store Card is already proving its value to the merchants.
The Store Card is scientific advertising, the Store Card eliminates camouflage.
Scientific ADVERTISING distingushes between what you need and what the
fake advertisements persuade you to purchase.
A reliable business house, paying 8 per cent, on its capital, gives better values
than the store plastered up with deceiving ads, cheap prices and nasty,
ill-fitting wearing apparel.
Indifference, the greatest crime of the age, brings every crook into the world
of business. Help the Clerks' Union to get rid of the crooks by establishing confidence in the merchants selected by the Clerks' Association.
Your purchasing power is the first principle of government by the people of
the people and for the people.
The following merchants have agreements with the Clerks' Union and are
worthy of Organized Labor's patronage:
It is practically dooldod that Saturday, .lunn '22 will ho selected us tho
date for tho national registration of
Canada's man and womnn powor.
Y——--—*- ■■»,■..'..,...
THt. **SC**r*fT*f *"*•* AND I.SUtPSV TM|;
jtOct/iil CI. tk:; Intrrnatioualmtectivc Association
OLAMAN'S LTD, 153 Hastings Street West.
DIOR'S LTD., 63 Hastings Street Wost.
WM. DIOK, LTD., 33 Hastings Street West.
THOS. FOSTER & CO., LTD., 514 arauville Stroot
POTTS & SMALL, 449 Oranvillo Street.
RIOKSON'S, 820 Oranvllle Street.
FASHION CRAFT, 51*2 Oranvllle Stroot,
J. N. HARVEY, LTD., 126127 Hastings St. West
J. A. FLETT & CO., 339 Hastings Street West.   Thoilrst and only hardware store for tho union man.
J. BARLOW, Cigars, Cordova Street.   Tho first and only elgar store with tbe Clorks' Union Store Card
and a full line of Labol cigars, tobacco, etc. '
THE WaraDlW SHOE BIOBB-Two solas wilh but a singlo thought,   The Union Man and Tho Inglodow
Confidence, not Camouflage, is the Union Cierks' Slogan PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
The Pioneer Union Store
Claman's Established
the First Principle of
Trades Unionism in
Retail Stores
Our contribution to the Labor movement is our
confidence in the Trades Unionists of Vancouver.
We Lead™Others Follow
Our merchandise is without equal in Vancouver
and our prices are lower. We have exclusive selling right to many nationally-known lines. Trade
Unionists everywhere in B. C. are daily realizing
that Claman's add worth to their dollars.
SITUATION IN THE
' UMITID     f
153 HASTINGS ST.W.
Did you evor recoive striko benefits
and spend it on non-union goods?
MR. UNION MAN!
You owe it to yourself to economise
Would yoa consider it economical to
purchase Teas and Coffees in tins
when you may bave tbo samo value
(rom our stoTe at a much reduced
price 1
THINK IT OVER
Wo Sell In Bulk Only
Dickson's Teas  and Coffees Axe  of
Exceptional Value
Dickson's Importing
Tea and Coffee
317 Columbia St. Phone Bey. 613
BOLSHEVIK CONSUL
GETS FIVE YEARS
Scotchman Makes Speeches Prejudicial
to Recruiting iu Glasgow and
Is Jailed Porthwith
For making speeches prejudicial to
recruiting, John  MacLean,  consul in
Glasgow of the Russian Bolshevik government, in the high court last week,
waB sentenced to five years penal servitude under the defence pf the realm act.
The   evidence  showed  that  MacLean
publicly   had   urged   workingmen   to
brenk lawB if necessary to replace par*
linment by an organization patterned
after the Russian Soviets.
Value Plus Style—for the
Particular Man
is the backbone of Semi-
ready tailored-to-meas-
ure service; and the apparel - individuality of
the Semi-ready-clothed
man is easily apparent.
#?mi-r?a&g
QfaUorrt Quotha
FOR MEN
for Spring and Summer
1918, embody a wide
r,ange of style-effects,
from the most modish
to the ultra-conservative—at $18 to $50. We
invite you to call and
make comparisons from
every standpoint of
clothes supremacy.
THOMAS & McBAIN
655 GRANVILLE STREET
"Hun" Prisoners in Siberia
and Japanese Designs
in China
[By Charles Lestor]
The Allies,, with the possible exception of Uncle Sam, are very much
concerned about the German invasion
of Siberia. One would think that millions of German prisoners wero loose
iu Siberia and likely to inflict serious
upon tho Allied armies from that quarter. The desire of tho Entente to
crush the Bolshoviki is but thinly veiled
and proposals are made that the Japanoso should undertake the task of restoring order. Japan wants to know
what she is to get out of it. One of
her leading writers is demanding the
half of Siberia. Anyone who studies
the history of Japan knows that she
desires above all the Saghalien Island
on irecount of its oil wells and mineral
deposits. Trotsky has not yot released
any German prisoners that could be
used ngninst tho Allies.
David Frazor, .writing from Peking,
says in the New East, referring to
German prisoners in Siberia: "Tho
prisoner question is not serious though
it might becomo so. Between Krasnoyarsk and Vladivostock the total number quartered is about 40,000. Of these
only ubout 25,000 aro oast of Lake Bai-
kal. Moreover, the large majority are
Austrians and Hungarians, and there
is renson to believe that they have lost
morale in captivity and could not be
reconstructed into a fighting forco
without sustained training. Tho dangerous element among tho prisoners is
about 2,000 German officers and a few
thousands of men mostly confined in
the Ussuri province. They have been
well cared for. and cannot bo said to
have dotcrioratod either mentally or
physically. It has beon stated that all
tho prisoners have been released. It
is, therefore, interesting to learn that
those at Khabarovsk, in Ussuri, according to tho Swedish Red Cross, aro still
carefully guarded and are not armed.
There is reason to suppose that arras
have been given only to n few, for
the maintenance of discipline at certain of the camps."
The muster class calculates that after
the war competition will bc keener
than ever. The Japanese capitalists
consider that China is thoir own natural hunting ground for profits. They
anticipate an attack boing mado on
their special preserves and are preparing for that with all possible speed.
Dr. Spinkichi Nosugi, professor of
law at Tokyo Imperial University says:
"Tho war aim of Japan*is tho preservation of peaco in the far east and the
far east moans China. Tho security of
Japan depends essentially on conditions
in China, But it is a mistnke to consider that our task is finished with the
crushing of Germany in tho east. Prospects after thc war are anything but
bright and we must have a powerful
army and navy to defend China from
nggieseion."
Should capitalism continue wo per-
coivo that peace is" a long way off.
Japan is cultivating the friendship of
China and everything points to a lining
up of the east against thc west. Our
capitalist mastors, however, are indifferent. Yellow, blnck, white or brown,
all can be oxploited, nnd oven their
corpses coined into profits if bloody war
becomes nocessarv to relieve the conges
tion on the world's mnrkot.
FRIDAY-
THREE NOTEWORTHY
VALUES IN
Warner,
Rust-proof
Corsets
—Warner corset, of pink
or white coutil, made in
low bust and long hip design and provided with
four hose supporters, sizes
19 to 28, at $2.50 a pair.
—Warner corsets, in medium and low bust styles;
mado with long hip and
double skirt in good
quality white coutil; sizes
19 to 30, at $2.75 a pair.
—Warner corsets, in
styles for medium figures.
These eome in heavy coutil and have elastic in
skirt at back; sizes 20 to
34, at $3.50 a pair.
575 Granoille 'Phone Sey. 3540
li
Holiday Clothes
Special values in two and
three-piece suits, with or
without belts.
SHOP OF
$25
Thos. Foster & Co.
Limited
514 Granville Street
BOLSHEVIKI PRAISED BY
LESTER AT REX SUNDAY
Stupendous Task Faces Bussian Soviet
Republic—round Chaos Did
■Not Create It
That a counter-rovolution in Russia
was prevented by tho action of the Bolsheviki in taking control whon they did
was the assertion of Chas. Lostor at thc
Federated Labor Party mooting in Rex
theatre Sunday evening. The Keren-'
sky-Kornilolf control was tottering, tho
army hud already quit and was on its
way home, und the monarchists wore
becoming emboldened.
"They found chaoB, they did not create it, and theirs is tho stupendous tnsk
of evolving order out of it, and at tho
Bamo time preserving for the people the
control which had been wrested from
tyranny and oppression," said Mr. Lee-
tor.
The speaker nlso pointed out that experiences in the Ukraine ond in Finland
where tlie Prussians hnd found ready
allies among tbo 'bourgeois' in their
offorts to exterminate the Bolsheviki
movemont, left no doubt in the minds
of tho now Russian government at Moscow as to what they might expect from
Genmwy.in collusion with thc upholders
of the dynasty and regime which the
people had overthrown. Ono of' thc
statements of Mr. Lester was that n
freight train from the Ukraine had been
londod with mutilated Bolsheviki dead
and sent into Petrograd by thc Germans.
U. S. GOVERNMENT ENACTS
PRUSSIAN-LIKE  MEASURE
Measure Aimed at Industrial Workers
of the World Passes
Both Houses
The bill declared frankly to be aimed
against the Industrial Workers of the
World, outlawing organizations which
uso or advocate violence to bring nbout
"any governmental, social, industrial
or economic change" during the war,
has been passed by the United Statos
Senate, after brief debate and went to
the house.
Activities of the I. W. W. were bitterly denounced during the senate discussion of tho measure, which not only
would make such organizations unlawful, but punish by ten years' imprisonment and $5000 line the holding of an
office or membership in such an association. Printing or dissemination of an
organization's propaganda and rental of
halls for meetings also arc penalized in
thc bill.
Senator Walsh snid thc bill was intended to "outlaw" organizations
teaching, advising, using or defending
force or violence or physical injury to
property. Ho hIho thought it would extend to lynchings, but. Senator Borah
of Idaho disputed that argument.
The house of representatives took the
final step in thc enactment of the mensure by n vote of 203 to 1, Meyer London, the lone socialist, voted against it.
Will H. Hnrhin communicate at once
with P. O. Box 11(17, when ho will hoar
of somothing to his advantagof       ***
Thrice Cabled Lloyd George
Regarding Attitude of
Sir Joseph Flavelle
A Toronto daily press dispatch this
week says: '' Three times I cabled
Lloyd George asking him to give instructions to Sir Joseph Flavollo, the devoted head of the Imperial Munitions
board, to co-operato with the Trades
and Labor Congross of Canada in tho
interest of the Canadian workors. We
were turned down, and then upon my
advico and request, Premier Borden
cabled twice. Again we were turned
down. I have said that Lloyd George
is the trickiest politician who ever masqueraded as a statesman, and I repeat
it," declared J. C. Wattors, president
of the Trades and Labor Congress to a
convention of Labor mon who met on
Saturday to devise and draw up a constitution for a Toronto Labor party.
He made tbis nttnek upon Premier
Lloyd George to explain to the convention that Canada received its instructions from Downing stroet. Mr. Watters
also attacked Mackenzie and Mann, Sir
Joseph Flavelle and Sir Clifford Sifton.
Ho expressed tho opinion that if the
German workers had boon as strongly
organizod industrially as politically this
war would never have occurred.
Cigar Makers
D. W. Kennedy, "Label Promoter"
for the joint advisory board of the
Cigarmakers' international unions in
Canada, with headquarters at Toronto,
is a visitor in Vancouvor 1Mb week.
Dave has been tangled up with the
Labor movement for many years in
Canada, and • is well-known to any
unionists who have attended Trades
nnd Labor Congress conventions,
Bookbinders
One now member was initiated by the
Bookbinders at the laBt meeting. The
communication from the Retail Clerks
wns adopted) and the membership will
net accordingly. W. F. Bushman wos
appointed delegato to the TrndcB and
Labof council. Word haa recently been
received from three of the bookbindors
who ure at the front. Tho looal hns
nino membors in the British forccB.
Machinists Ladies Auxiliary.
Regular nieeting of thc Machinists
Ladies Auxiliary was held in tho Labor
Temple Tuesday. Bro. McVety officiated
in tho initiation of members ami thc installation of officers. Organizer Gardiner of thc Boot and Shoe Workers nd-
dressed tho meeting and was promised
loyal support. Hereafter all tho meetings of the lodgo will bo held in the
big lodgo room on the top floor of the
Labor Temple. Tho entrance to this
hall is by the side door ou Homer
street. Arrangements arc being made
for a basket picnic to be held July 1.
Progressive Home Workers
Tho Progressive Home Workers'
League held a very successful whist
drive and dance last Thursday evening
nt O'Brien's hall. The prizes wero useful and much appreciated. Mrs. Robinson won the ladies' first prize, a beautiful and tasty fruit-cake made by onc
of the most-appreciated and efficient
local cooks. Mr. Badminton won tho
gents' first prize, a pair of slik sox.
Dancing from 0 to 12 was most heartily
entered into by all arid a most enjoyable time was spent. The music was
provided by the Bryant orchestra. The
proceeds go to the establishment of a
home and sick benefit fund for our
members.
Retail Clerks
Thos. Foster & Company, Ltd., applied for n Union Storo Card at last
meeting of the Retail Clerks' Union.
Thc nifty application is the shortest
on roobrd, nnd displays a distinct feel-
ling of reciprocity between thc stare
management and tho clerkB. The labor
organizations will kindly tako notice
and govern themselves accordingly.
The application reads:
Vancouver, Mny 21J18.
"Socrotary Retail Clerks Association:
"Dear Sir: Please let us have a card
to show that wo have onr clerks in your
union.
'Yours  truly,*
"T. FOS'l
 TER & CO. LTD.
(Signed)    "T. H. Foster, Director."
Don't steal your brother's birthright!
Refuse thc other goods nnd buy tho
union label products. Then you nro a
true co-operator.
Review of Local Conditions
Not Exactly Encouraging in Tone
[Daily Province, May 22]
Viewed in the light. of tho general
strike conditions existing in Winnipeg,
there are certain aspects of affairs in
Vancouvor labor circles that are not, to
say the least, reassuring, but seem
fraught with possibilities of some concern. The whole shipyard situation is
tumultuous with the possibility of drastic action being taken at a meeting of
the Motal Trades council tonight;
Longshoremen's union is negotiating a
now agreemont; Auxiliary Longshoremen's union iB to ask for a new ngroo-
mont; Street Railwaymen's association
is negotiating a now agreement and
usjiing more wages and a settlement by
July 1 at latost; warehousemen nt the
wholesale grocers, fruit and produce
centres threaten to go on strike if tho
employors do not grant their demands
for more wages by Friday night; gas
workers have asked for a board of conciliation and investigation; Vancouver
local of the Canadian Brothorhood of
Railway Employees, who have been replaced by negro cooks and waiters on
the dining cars, have also asked for n
similar board and threaten to pull out
thoir 10,000 employoes in various
brnnches of railway service throughout
Canada if their demands aro not met.
LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEERS
AT LAST JOIN A. F. of L.
-May 24,  1918
You take no chances on this-
Let yonr next suit be a "Tom-the-Tailored."
That takes all the guess out of suit buying.
You don't have to take a chance on the quality
of the material—the finest British woolen
fabrics. Tou don't have to gamble on the
authenticity of the style—my expert designers
follow the last word from London and New
York. My label in the pocket is the symbol
of fashion—it takes the uncertainty out of
your clgthes. It certifies and guarantees quality, style and fit and wear—there is nothing
doubtful about that either. My promise and
the manufacturer's are behind every suit
length in my two stores. My guarantee is behind the expert cutting, the careful union
workmanship in every Tom**the-Tailor suit.
You run no risk of dissatisfaction with a Tom-
the-Tailor.
Men's Suits to
Measure  from
$35
Women's
Man-tailored
Suits from
$45
np
wbK
632<hWWLLE
3t4HASTMSW
UNION SHOP
First   of   Railway   Brotherhoods   Has
Taken Significant Step-
Others WiU .Follow
CLEVELAND, O., May 15.—Members of tho Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers,  in  convention  hero
today,   voted   to   affiliato   with   the
American Federation of Labor.
The step takon by the engineers will
undoubtedly pavo the way for thc other
railroad organizations to affiliato with
the groat central body.   Tho Telegraph
Operators and Switchmen nre the only
railroad  oporators  affiliated  with   the
Federation at present.
Machinists 720
Fivo now members wero initiated and
seven applications received, reports Secrotary Youngash of tho Auto Machinists.- A shifting around of officers took
place at tho meeting and tho officers
now are: B. Howard, presidont; G.
Ash, vice-president; R. W, Youngash,
financial socretary, and R. Storms, recording secretary. At the ond of all
futuro business meetings, the local will
have a general discussion on workshop
matters, if the timo permits. Tho local
endorsed the action of tho auto section
of the Board of Trade, in trying to
cIobo all city garages after 6 p.m, weekdays nnd all day Sundays.
The Dominion governmont hns offered to treat, without cost to shippers,
the first consignment of tungsten oro
froni Falcon Lake fields in southeastern
Manitoba. Much intorest is shown in
tho now find, and exports will survey
the locality.   Canadian General Electric
QUEENSLAND LABOR
PART7 RETURNED
Have you decided to atop handing
union-earned dollars to your "open
shop" enemyl
Workers of Queensland Satisfied with
Actions of Rebel Labor
Party of Australia
The Labor party of Queensland state,
Australia, has been returned to power,
after a campaign that attracted thc attention of thc entire commonwealth. At
the beginning of the war, the Labor
party controlled all of the Australian
states oxcept Victoria. Sinco then overy
state has beon lost except Queensland.
An clement in this situation is the capitalization of tho war by anti-union employers. In tho recent election Queensland workors broke nil records, for
never before has an Australian government, after serving three full years,
boen returned with anything like tho
numbers that it previously held.
Marine Firemen and Oilers
Twenty new members initiated, reports Socretary Scott, of the Marino
Firemen and Oilers' union. The new
wago schedule has beon granted by all
companies. It calls for $15 per month
for firemen, oilers, storekeepers and day
mon; $65 for coal passers (C. P. R. dickering for $00); $50 for wipers 18 years
old and over; under 18, $45. All overtime to bo pnid at tho rate of 60c por
hour. The working rules havo not yet
been agreed to by the companies, und
they havo boon given to Juno 1 to agree
to same.
Have you enough ability to organize
...     your purchasing power? In other words,
hns bid for nil tungsten oro obtained, Mr. Union Man, have you sense onough
and, if tho supply wnrrnnts, will build I to employ union labor when you act
a reduction plant. as a consumer?
—THE-
TROCiADERO
-CAFE-
under now management      ,
166 Hastings Street West
Phone Sey. 935
THB BEST PLACE TO EAT IN
VANCOUVER—UNION OAED
SOU-VAN
MILK
Should be in tbe bome of
every man-
is IT IN TOUES7
—Pbone Fairmont 2624—
COWAN   &   BROOKHOUSE
PRINTERS  ABO  PUBLISHERS
Printers to Tbe Federationist
Tho   Fedcratipnist   is   produced   from
oor   modern   newspaper   printing   plant.
Union Stores for Men
Trades
Unionists--
A S loyal Union men, don't you owe your patronage
"to those retail stores which employ Union Clerks
and display the Union Store card?
Your support of Union Stores will do much to
assist the Retail Clerks' Union in its organization
campaign now being carried on.
At Dick's Stores you will find the Union
Store Card and be served by Union Clerks
TN addition to Union service, Dick's stores offer
■*■ you every advantage as to quality and price that
can be obtained anywhere in Canada.
Everything you buy at Dick's stores—Suits,
Shoes, Gent's Furnishings—is sold with the well-
known Dick guarantee:
"Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back"
Dicks Limited
53 Hastings St. West
Wm. Dick Limited
33-45-47-49 Hastings St. East
10% Off to Returned Soldiers

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