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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Jul 27, 1923

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industrial unity: stbength ■**_»■<      Official OrganVancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)      .*•». voubw, unity
Troops Used to Protect
Scavs in Nova Scotia
Detachment of Cay^lry v j*& to Get Three Men to Work-
Arrests Were i\01e Daily in Effort
to Intimio, ie Strikers
[By Special Federationist Correspondent]
W/1IILE late press reports indicate that the miners of Nova Scotia
™ have returned to work, the following article by a special Federationist correspondent, dated July 18th, and forwarded by mail, illuminates just what the workers of the East are up against. Its
trenchant criticism of the use of the troops and its exposure of the
State's activity, should be of the greatest value to the workers "of
the West.—Note by Editor. „
"As I start to write this a troop of cavalry gallops past my window, giving point to my ideas of occupation of this town by the State
forces after the suppression of these workers who dare to take action
to oppose the use of. armed forces against ths workers in industrial
. disputes.    The Provincial police pa-f made a bluff when he Issued orders
trol the streets. At No. 2 Colliery,
barb wire entanglements have been
erected, and sentries posted. Seven
hundred troops are stationed there to
enable, three scabs to work the steam
shovels on the ooal bank. At Reserve
mines, a detachment of cavalry was
brought in to get three men Into the
boiler house to start the flres. In
Sydney, troops and mounted police are
used every morning to escort scabs to
the steel plant. The capitalist presa
has stated that the soldiers are
brought In for the "protection of
property,' 'and are not Interested in
which side wins the strike!
Under this slogan of the "protection of property,'* tive state forces have
been used to break the strike of the
miners and steel workerB. Ab soon a's
the corporation saw that the minors
were not going to return to work, and
1 coal waa needed, for the Montreal
market, troops were brought tn to
enable the corporation to get scabs to
work on the coal bank. As soon as the
troops had driven away the pickets of
the steel workers, scabs were taken
into the steel plant, Every morning
the troops and mounted police call at
the houses of the scabs and escort
them .to work. In spite of all this,
neither the stoel plant nor the miners
are producing. Enough scabs have
boon secured* to make a lot of smoke,
1 aided by the office staff, which enables
.the Besco press of the province to report that production has been resumed at the steel plant.
Arrests Made Dally
Arrests are being made dally in
Sydney, Union men are being arrested
Under the pretext that they gathered
With some others and made "tumultuous noises," and In the opinion of
the informer were contemplating a
riot! Victims of the charge of the
Provincial police on July 1 who make
out affidavits stating their Injuries,
are arrested as soon as it is known
that they have made the deposition.
Two men, Tom O'Day and William
Oliver, were .arrested ' tn this way.
Both of* them are over sixty years pf
. age, and both of them carry wounds
[ received from the batons of the police.
"The protection of property?' means
the smashing of the strike here. The
protection of the profits of Besco is
the object of the troops and police aent
here. The minister of Labor has
Wired Alejc. S. Maolntyre, vice-president of the Miners Union, that he has
,no doubt but that order and discipline
prevails in the ranks of the miners.
Merkle. a. Canadian Press writer,
whose conscience bothers him, after a
tour of the mines, states that the property Is In no danger whatever. The
mayor of Glace Bay has wired the
Federal government that the civil authorities are opposed to the presence
of the troops, and that the municipality will refuse payment for the expenses incurred by the troops. The
reply to him was that Judge Finlay-
,son has requisitioned the troops, and
that he and the officer commanding
were-.the ones to remove the troops.
How powerless the Federal government can pretend to be when the
workers want something done? The
acting minister of militia. E. M. MacDonald, a former solicitor of Besco,
[Opponents of War will Make
Protest at the Close of
Band Concert
Th«e arrangements made for the
"No More War demonstration," on
Sunday, at Stanley Park, are as follows: During the Intermission of the
.band concert, leaflets will be distributed, some of which are entitled,
f "Disarm the Nursery," and published
by the Fellowship of Reconciliation,
with headquarters in London, Eng.
At the close of the band concert,
IMr. David. Prlestmari, of the Society
of Friends, will take the chair, and
announce the objects of the demonstration. The speakers will be: S. S.
Osterhunt, Ph. D., Mrs. Stuart Jamleson and br. Lyle Telford.
During the demonstration, a resolu-
ftlon will be presented, expressing opposition to war, and calling for universal disarmament.
that no more troops were to be sent
to Nova Sootia, atfer enough troops
had been brought here to destroy the
entire Labor movement.
Merely a Slogan
That the "protection of property"
slogan la merely a phrase to cover up
an attempt to smash the strike, Is
proven by the minister of Labor, wben
he stated that troops were asked for
before the strike took place. He also
said that the requests of the corporation were given 100 per cent, consideration while the requests of the workers were ignored. ThlB startling confession from J. Murdoch shows hoy/
rotten tho conspiracy against the
workers here must have been since It
ls a woll known fact that Murdoch usually agrees with whatever measures
the bosses demands against the workers. In Sydney, the troops and police
were sent at the request of the Chief
of Police, his assistant, and Noble,
the chief of the corporation police,
In Glace Bay, Judge Finlayson did the
Job. Rather than wait for these men
to remove the troops, the miners have
decided that unless they are withdrawn, not an ounce of coal will be
dug on this Island.
Means Much to Workers
On this point the workers are determined . To the workers pf Canada,
this means much. The workers oi this
country have seen their strikes smashed by the use of armed v force since
1905. And they know that the workers here aft battling for (hem, judging from the flood of telegrams that
we have received from the Labor
unions and political parties. Despite
the craft divisions In the Labor
unions and the timidity of the leaders,
the workers are trying* to show their
(Continued on page 4)
Will Be Fully Represented
At Trades Congress
Special Meeting to Be Held
to Transact Important Business
Local 452 of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, held
a well-attended meeting on Monday
last. Ten new members were initiated, while several applications were
received. -
The call for the convention of' the
Trades Congress ot Canada, which is
to meet in Vancouver on September
10, was read, and on a recommendation of the executive, it was decided
to elect the full quota of delegates.
S. T. Hammersmark, a representative of the Labor Defense Council of
Chicago, was given the privilege of
addressing the meeting, and pointed
out that .the workers ln the United
States were being prosecuted for their
[allegiance to the organised labor movement. He urged the support of the
cause, and asked* for financial aid.
The matter was left over to the special
meeting, which will be called bo that
delegates to the Trades Congress may
be elected and instructions given as to
the resolutions to be presented.
A letter from the Workers Party,
asking the local to take part in a
meeting tp protest against the use of
troops In the Nova Scotia strike region, and against the Intimidation by
the British Empire Steel Corporation,
was received and Bros. J. G. Smith
and Geo. H. Hardy appointed to speak
on behalf of the local at the mass
meeting, to be held on the 20th.
The next-meeting will be a special
one. All members will be notified by
post card, and in view of the Importance of this meeting1, all members are
urged to make a special effort to attend, as among other matters, there
will be a question as to the raising of
dues and the election of delegates to
the Trades Congress convention, and
the resolutions to be presented to that
Elaborate Tables Show Decline in Canadian
[By H. M. Bartholomew]
For the past '-two months the decline In Canadian securities has been
Very steady. According to the Flnanolal Times, thla decline haa meant a
shrinkage of over $80,000,000 between
the high* prices of' the present year
and the current market quotations.
The elaborate tables presented by
this paper show 66 standard securities,
and they show a decline of over 600
points, or an average of over eleven
points from the high level of this year.
The slump In the prices of stocks has
not been limited to any particular
group of securities, but has been general throughout the entire list. The
largest decline was registered in the
highest priced stock on the Canadian
list, that of the Ogilvle filling Company, which dropped 64 points from
the high level of this year. Taking
the value of the various securities, the
heaviest drop Is that of the C. P. R.
Ofi Its capitalisation of $260,000,000,
a drop of eight points represents $2,-
800,000 of a decline in values.
This drop in securities Is very significant. It is a shadow of approaching1 decline in production. It must be
remembered that this decline In securities began in the middle of April.
and during the last three weeks, has
been very rapid indeed.
DeB .Moines, Iowa—The 12-hour day
and the seven-day week -for industrial
workers ls a menace to the American
home and free government, according to a resolution adopted by the
29th International Christian Endeavor convention in session here.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers
and tell them why you do so.
* the only newspaper appearing in Vancouver and
durtrict, this morning, whioh
hai not devoted a large space
to the visit of President Harding. We think that it is
hardly necessary to say more
W. P. Meeting
The regular propaganda meeting of
the Workers Party of Canada, was
held on Sunday lest at headquarters,
808 _ Pender Street West, the speaker
being Comrade Hammersmark from
Comrade Hammersmark dealt extensively witb: the object of the Trade
Union Educational. League, and the
policy .of militant workers remaining
in the American Federation of Labor,
and amalgamating the craft unions.
The attendance was not quite as
good perhaps as It might have been
had the executive known of Comrade
Hammersmark's visit earltei\ when
they could have advertised it better.
A great deal of interest was taken ln
the subject, and numerous questions
asked.   *
Baltimore—Garment Workers on
strike ln this city have been handed
the usual Labor injunction. These
unionists are afflliated with the International Ladies Garment Workers
Union. They want the. union shop and
the establishment of living conditions
to replace the present haphazard work
Raleigh, N. C.—A few counties in
this State refuse to accept Governor
Morrison's suggestion that the whip
be banished from county prisons. The
chief executive has , abolished the
practice ln the State prison, but ft
may be necessary to pass a State law
before the county floggers arc stopped.
But Only Receive One Dollar
Out of Every Five
[By H. M. Bartholomew]
In Canada there are (according to
the department of Labor),. 88,844 industrial establishments. In these establishments, 88,816 salaried workers, and 698,816 wage-earners toll to
produce $8,620,724,089 of Commodities.
The salaried workers receive $180,-
866,202 in the form of salaries, or
$1481 eaoh; whilst the wage-earners
get $668,679,217 ln the form of wages,
or an average of $941 per head.
These figures reveal the faot that
the workers, whether salaried or receiving wages, are receiving far less
than a decent standard of living demands, It must be further added,
that the above figures Inform us that
out of every $5 produced, the workers (both wage and salaried workers)
receive |1.
A resolution moved In the Australian House of Representatives by the
Labor Party, declaring that "Australia's delegates to the Imperial conference should only be allowed to go
when parliament has clearly expressed
a foreign policy which Australia is
prepared to support" was negatived
by 39 voles to 26.
Coal miners Jn<New South Wales are
forming Plebs leagues for tho purpose
of furthering the interests of independent working class education, and
have decided to commutneate with the
British Plebs League with a view to
affiliation, and to the eventual establishment of a Labor college.
Peoria, III.—An arbitrator has
awarded street car men In this city a
straight 3-cent an hour increase.
t,i*i_<ilt,.»-i.r.». »■»■»->■■«
The Hectic Reach to Do "Something" and
>.    Those Who Want to Do It   /.
■Vl I-9 IM'M'Hhjii
[By Observer)
TN THE HECTIC "reach to do some-
thing without very much regard for
whether lt bs good or ill, and thereby
secure some prominence and free advertising, the most impudent and insulting condition that has developed
during recent years Is the manner in
which a number of private organisations have gratuitously constituted
themselves as representatives and
proxies for the whole- people.
Like divorce, cooties, flu and other
issues of the war, various organizations have sprung up. Some assuming a gibberish jumble of letters for a
name, and by loud' and blatant reiteration, seek to imply that this Jumble
Is a synonym for some outstanding
virtue, and others more brazen still
boldly assume names implying that
they are the .sacred repository of
every moral, civil and political virtue.
These organizations are composed
of members of the trading real estate
and professional class. Anything that
can cling on by its finger and too nails
and its wits, between producer and
consumer. And to make sure that
by no chance, such superior people
shall be compelled to rub shoulders
with the vulgar proletariat; who dig
hammer and make things, these or
•group of Individuals, whose Idea of
how to beat the Kaiser was to sell
something—anything—at a proflt to
the Federal or Imperial government.
The story Is the same regardless of
what field of human knowledge or
endeavor the visitor may be competent
to deal with. A self-appointed giV=p.
drawn from the narrow segment of
the public that have been accepted as
members of one of these groups gather around the Vancouver Hotel mahogany, proceed to glut their gullet,
and act for the citizens of Vancouver.
These impudent groups do" not confine themselves to matters that might
be included under the general term of
educational matter, unbelievable as it
may seem, we have repeated instances
of representatives of the Canadian
people, such as cabinet ministers, Invited and accepting the invitation to
discuss public affairs before these
private organizations. Discussion
that by every principle of representative government should be held under auspices that would be available
to lhe whole poople. Regardless of
how the.se caters Imagine public affairs
discussed before themselves is to
reach the public, tho whole operation
Is a pointed Insult lo lhe 95 per cent,
of the male citizenship who by reason
ganizations admit members by vote °f location and employment can not,
and make doubly sure at this point.
AU meetings are held at midday when
the "unwashed mob" have to dance
to the tune of the whistle.
While we may haxe mixed opinions
as to the value of a dilettante dabbling with tuberculoids, as an effect,
or a temporary "Big Brother" Btunt
to an impoverished kid, there can be
no two opinions as to the quality of
any scheme that defrauds the public
of the educational value of the lecture platform, and to grab up the
traveller, who is likely to have any
message for the public, Ib the flrst
and the main ambition of these organizations.
During the middle period of the
war, an old man asked the writer for
assistance. His three sons had enlisted; one was hidden ln a German
prison, or buried In a nameless grave
in France, the second, broken and In
an English hospital, the third, a boy
of nineteen, was ln the line "somewhere in France." The patriotism of
a year before had crumbled, and
there was nothing but ashes and fear
left—"could he not get hts boy, who
was under age. back?" In those days
there were no footprints pointing
wcBtward.only wheel tracks. American Ambassador Gerard was due to
visit tho Coast, and I planned that
the old man should hear him, This
gentleman would perhaps Bay something that would make the sacrifice
appear worth while and, therefore,
moro bearable. Ambassador Gerard
came, but Instead of being allowed to
reach the public, he was taken over
by one of these organizations, and
the story that might have carried some
grains of comfort to the thousands in
the Bame position as my old friend,
was told to an exclusive self-appointed
lf thoy would, hold membership in
these organizations, and to every woman In the land. No one can object
to any particular trade, craft or profession discussion affairs peculiar to
themselves at a time and under circumstances suitable to themselves,
but theru can be nothing but objections to a private coterie staging the
only discussion of a publlo matter
held (n the city, behind closed doors,
and thereby defrauding th public ofj
educational opportunities, aB well as
the accounting which a public servant
owes to the public.
If there are, among the public, a
July 27th to August 4th
FRIDAY, July 27—MUk Salesmen and Dairy Employees.
Plumbers nnd Steamfltters,
SUNDAY, July 20—Typographical Union, 2 p.m., Babies Organization meeting, 2 p.m.
MONDAY, July 30—Electrical
Workera No. 310, Federal
Labor Union.
WEDNESDAY, Aug. 1— Plasterers, Boot and Shoe Workers. Photo Engravers.
THURSDAY, Aug. 2—Machinists Nn. 182, Garment Workers, Barber*' Mass Meeting,
Tailors Steam and Opeatlrng
Engineers No. 844.
limited number of Individual*) whose
'understanding or appreciation will
only function while cramming their
stomachs, and it is deemed necessary
that..every message will reach theBe
morons, let us arrange our public
halls so that a wallow ean be set aside
for these people ln one corner. They
may then bring a bucket or a nose bag
or we could make special provision as
we would to reach the blind or deaf,
or still better, the feeble-minded.
An event staged in this city a few
months ago serves very well to bring
out the peculiar mentality of the people referred to. The Governor General of Canada visited up, and the
usual gorgefest was arranged, but
somehow the scheme did not seem
right, for once brains attuned and
governed hy the paunch caught a
glimpse of the fact that there was
something ill-fitting. They were not
the whole people, so to overcome the
incongruity, they mado it worse, The
males ranged themselves around the
table on the ground floor, and placed
their wives In the gallery to watch
them in the beautiful and edifying
spectacle of pouring food into them
selves. There Is no record as to what
tho Governor General thought of this
sample of western manners, but If it
were told that somowhere in a Central
African karrnl a similar spoctaclo
could he observed, movie adventurers
would risk Iheir lives to bring pic
tures of It back to civilization. Tho
Incident tndlcntes that whatever may
bc said of civilization as a whole, it is
but a vory short step from thc low-
cut vest to the breech clout.
As a result of the activity of these
organizations, (all alleged to be bubbling over with a desire for public
usefulness). It haB foil to thc Labor
groups to endeavor to maintain the
last remnant of the public forum
which has been such a mighty factor
ln history. It Ib true we still have
periodically the politician who wants
to get ln and the other fellow who
wishes to stay In, and Conan Doyle
proving spiritualism at $1.60 per seat,
but these discussions with the taproot
leading direct to tho material and
financial interests of the speakers, are
not the public forum—they are mere*
ly the parlHitfc growth clinging to It.
Would It not be possible for the
Labor groups to create an Institution
that will vigorously contest the egotistical assumptions of these small
groups of self-appointed "go-betweens" and offer the opportunity to
every ono with a message for tho pub
lie to reach tho public.
It in well worth noting that thc
prosent policy Is to round up behind
closed doors that portion of the public platform that is considered per-
mlssahlo und allow a hand-picked
pross report only to reach the public.
Thon endeavor to close up thn Lnbor
platform by means of heresy and sedition charges, This policy can best
bo met by re-establishing the old
time public platform, with this dono a
public meeting will cease to be a matter for thc especial attention of tho
secret police,
Prairie Farmers Are
Faced with Ruin
Huge Crop Will Bring Disaster to Grain Growers—Tragic
Story of Wealth Producers Shown
in Farmers' Letter
WHILE the government of this country is seeking new settlers, the
" agriculturists and the industrial workers are suffering because
there is no market, on the one Itand for the produce pf the farm, and
on the other for the labor power whieh is embodied in the hides and
carcasses ofthe industrial wage slaves.
From time to time we have been informed through the press as to
the prosperity which will copie to this country, as a resist of the
crops which are expected to mature in the fall of this year, but the
farmer does not see the promised land, and cannot but see poverty
and misery as the result of his labor, as the following letter sent out
by the Farmers Union of Saskatchewan will show:
Ituna, Sask.
Dear Sir and Brother: We send to
you faternal greetings. Too long have
the farmers and the Industrial work'
ers looked with suspicion and distrust
at each other. Today we take the
flrst step towards breaking down that
barrier of prejudice and enmity which
has held our forces from concerted
Just as the workers In the city are
engaged ln a struggle for higher wages,
shorter hours and better conditions,
so the farmers of Canada are engaged
ln a similar struggle. Today the great
mass of the farmers of Western Canada are on the verge of utter destitution. In the Province of Saskatchewan alone, the debts total over $400,*
000,000, In many districts the schools
are closing their doorB owing to the
inability of the farmers to pay taxes.
In tens of thousands of farm homes,
there haunts the spectre of hunger.
Do you know, brother, that the average price paid to the farmer for his
wheat last year was 87 cents a bushel,
whilst it ls impossible to pay for the
bare expenses of production at less
than a dollar?
Do you know that in the municipality of Markinch, laet year. 618 quarter sections of land were for sale for
arrears of taxes, and that out of the
800 farmers farming In this one municipality, no less than 78 (or twelve
per cent.), had "seizures" by the sheriff for arrears of taxes alone? In
Buchanan, 264 quarter sections of
land were sold for the same reason.
That means that in three municipalities alone ln the Province of Saskatchewan, 1148 quarter sections, or 183,-
688 acres of land were sold because of
the inability of the farmers to pay
consideration and heartiest co-operation.   If the wheat pool Is not estab-
Scab Ships Are Having All
Kinds of Trouble with
Their Crews
Officers Would Be Glad to
Have Strike Settled to
Get Good Men
The crow of lhe S. S. Canadian Britisher, which orrived on Friday, July
HO, nearly all of whom were members
of the Federated Seafarers Union of
IJ. C, decided to respond lo the strike
call for better conditions, wnges, etc..
with the exception of a few of lhe
members of the International .Seamen's Union of America, namely, Mr.
Montgomery, who hus been promoted
from un A. 13. to boatswain, nnd Spike
Sullivan, who came off the S. S. Canadian Importer a fow days ngo, when
lhe crew of that ship to a man, came
out in sympathy with those that were
on strike. Therefore Mr. Spike Sullivan and Mr. Montgomery of the International, ore on the honor roll of
The officers stated that they hoped
a satisfactory settlement could be nr
rived at soon, as the men who were
leaving the ship to go on strike, were
all good men; in fact, according to
one of the officers, the crew wns the
best thnt hnd ever been aboard the
ship. This is thc ship that eleven
firemen were logged flOO for refusing
to work Saturday afternoon and
Sunday In nn Oriental port last year.
The entire crew of the Canadian
Scottish, which Is lying at Chemalnus.
I'.. C.| responded to thc striko call for
better conditions, and tcft the ship on
Tuesday, July 24. Thc officials of the
C. C. M. M. were seen driving n few
boys In a big car to the Nnnalmo boat
to go to ChemainuH to Join thin ship
nn Sunday.
Tho Cnnndinn nrltidher, which was
at tho government elevator on Monday. July 23, sent out nn urgent call
for strike-breakers, to movo the ship
to the Wallace shipyards. The officials
of tho C. (1. Mi M. wero seen In cars
of strike-breakers, and four stalwart
policemen for protection. The entire
(Continued on page 4)
fthe required taxes.   It means, brother,
that the farmers of these prairie provinces, despite his 16 hours of strenuous toll, la In the direst destitution.
Luge Crop Expected
Now comes the promises of a huge
crop—the largest crop in the history
of the Dominion of Canada. It Is estimated that this crop will total over
500,000.000 bushels. This huge crop
should be a matter of congratulation;
It ahould be a source of unfold beneflt
to the workers and farmers of the
world. It should go a long way towards relieving the terrible suffering
prevalent everywhere.
But this huge crop Is not a promise,
lt Is a threat. The hundreds of millions of bushels of wheat will bury
the farmers beneath a load of debt
which will crush them out of business.
The banking, elevator, milling and
transportation Interests, constituting
as they do, a terrble monopoly, will
reap the beneflt of thia bountiful gift
of naturet It is estimated that the
farmer will get not more than 10c a
bushel for his wheat, which will mean
that his economio position will be materially worsened by thla huge crop.
Brother, we are ln the direst need.
Tens of thousands of farmers, are face
to face with destitution, and this huge
crop will bring to them the blackest
ruin unless something la 'done, and
that Immediately.
Voluntary Pool
We suggest the formation of a voluntary contract wheat pool. The farmers will sign a contract guaranteeing to sell their wheat through this
pool. They will be enabled to so control the supply of their grain upon the
market aa to secure the best possible
price. Today the farmers are completely at the mercy pf vested interests, are compelled to accept any
price which these Intercuts deem flt to
pay. By the establishment of a voluntary contract wheat pool, we shall
be enabled to get a reasonable price
for our wheat, and thus save our families from the horrors -of starvation.
Brother, we are writing you.asking
your co-operation and support. This
la a matter of the most vital importance to all workers, whether industrial or agricultural, In this country.
Please bring this matter before your
organization at your earliest convenience, asking them for thcir earnest
llshed without delay, Canadian agriculture will receive the most deadly
blow which it hns received for many
a tong day.
Appeal tor l'o-o|M-ration
Wo also desire to approach your organization concerning a further matter of Importance, The time haa come
when the forces of organised lalior
ami organized farmers should Join
hands in a common oause, We would
like, therefore, to know whether your
organization would favor the calling
of n national convention of all farmer
and labor organisations in this country for the purpose of discussing common problems and arriving at n common programme of action.
Trusting thai these1 matters will receive your earliest possible consideration* we are, yours In anticipation,
FnrmerK Union of Canada.
Ituna,  Sask.
Soviet HusHla has been depicted as
(Continued on  page 2)
Nova Scotia Situation to Be
Discussed at the
Next Sunday, instead of the usual
propaganda meeting in the Workera
Party hnll, there will bo a mass meeting of trade unions and working class
political parties of Vnncouver, to protest against the use of troopa In the
strike area of Nova, Scotia, and to express solidarity with the miners and
steel workers of that province who are
struggling fur better conditions.
The meeting will be held In the
Columbia theatre at 8 p.m. All Labor
organizations, unionB ami parties havo
been approached to contribute speakers for tbe evening* Every class-conscious worker should ondcavor to bo
at the meeting, and help in tbe protest against capitalistic militarism.
Patronise Federatlonist advertisera. PAGE TWO
fifteenth year. No. 3o BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAY July  87, 192»
Published every Friday morning by The B. C. Federatlonist
Business Offlce:   1129 Howe Street
Editorial   Office:    Room   306—319   Pender   Street   West
Editorial Board:   P. R, Bengough, R. H. Neelands, J. M.
Clark, Gebrge Bartley. 	
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, (3.00 per
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Pnltf ot Labor: The Hope of the World
FRIDAY July  27, 1923
Communism and Dividing Up
ANE of thc most potent forces operating against
the working class today, is thc ruling class press.
Its propaganda, carried in every column, is insidious, and owing to the lack of understanding, the
members of the working class take in with their
breakfasts or suppers, the ideas of their masters.
* *        *
The propaganda which has been carried on against
Sonet Russia, and even against unions of whioh the
workers are members on this continent, has stuck.
It has been efficient. How often does the average
individual hear the remark, "I saw it in the paper,"
and because he saw it in the paper, arrives at the
conclusion that the statement was true, and that the
"news" or the item referred to was the truth.
* *        *
The Vancouver Daily World, in a recent issue,
attempted to deal with Communism. In doing so,
the editorial writer made the following opening observation:
Envy is at the base of all modern Communism.
Inequality of wealth stirs the cupidity of some
who are not rich and they proclaim their belief
that if the riches of the world populace were
divided evenly all would have plenty. Protagonists of this theory point to the early Christians for evidence that communism is essentially a Christian doctrine. In all other respects most communists repudiate Christian
teachings and beliefs.
Envy is not the base of Communism. Inequality of
wealth does not stir the cupidity of the workers; in
fact, the cupidity of the ruling class makes the inequality possible. The greed of gain, something for
nothing, is the be all and end all of the present
ruling class. The early Christians have nothing to
do with modern capitalism. The present ruling class
could not have been produced or existed in those
days, neither oould the modern communist. Both
are the product of a system of society which creatqs
millionaires at one end of the soeial scale, and paupers and impoverished workers at the other.
* *        *
The workers have not the same cupidity which
the employers show in their dealings with one
another. The employing class, while exploiting the
workers, strive amongst themselves to get the better
of each other; their cupidity is, however, but a product of thc present system of society.
* *        *
Thc capitalist system is based on the exploitation
of the workers. The: worker is the source of all
wealth. He is the goose which lays the golden egg,
He delivers his labor power to the employer, whenever it is needed, and receives in return just what
will enable him to reproduce his labor power; the
employer is the one who gets "something for
* *        *
The World, after dealing with the envy proposition, goes on to show that if the wealth of the worM
was divided up, that there would not be much for
each individual, but thc World takes the stand that
money is wealth, while it is only a medium of exchange, and operates in a manner which is confusing
to the average individual.
Onc dollar will buy an article that is listed at that
price, but in a day that same dollar may act as thc
medium of exchange in the purchase of many
articles. The butcher may get thc dollar in the first
place; he may use the same dollar to buy a pair of
socks, and the drygoods man may again use thc
same dollar to-purchase some other article he needs
from still another merchant, and so the merry circle
goes on.
Money is not wealth, although under the present
system, it is so looked upon. The produce of the
worker is the only real wealth in existence. The
elevators arc full of wheat, thc factories are full of
tho products of the workers, and iii spite of all th'e
critics of the Communists, they cannot dispute the
fact that labor creates thc wealth of the world,
which is so great, that 'there is not sufficient money
in thc world to represent it, but still thc workers arc
poor. They lack thc necessities of life, and the
modern Communist, who is a Socialist with his
overalls on, and works ul thc business, realises this
fact, and does not, as stated by the World, imagine,
that a dividing up of the money existing, would
cure thc evils of modern society, but stands by the
Marxian theory, and thc natural outcome of an understanding of that4heory, and says: "The world
to .the workers and to the producer the product of
his toil." This stand terrorizes the capitalists, because thcir cupidity makes them desire something
for nothing, and the workers arc fast realizing that
they are the ones who are producing the something
and that they are getting nothing out of capitalism.
the stand that the agriculturist of this country is
more reactionary than the industrial worker of the
cities. But with thc facts before them, the thinking
men in thc Labor movement realize that there is
little difference between the ignorance of the wage
slave and that of the slave of the fan*.
The class conscious worker in the city has long
recognized the postiun of the farmer, as woll as his
own, and the appeal made by the Farmers Union of
Saskatchewan, will strike a chord which will sound
like the lost chord whieh has been sought for so long
in working class ranks, namely, the solidarity of the
working class, irrespective of thcir occupation.
It would, however, be foolish to imagine that
wheat pools will solve the farmers' problems. A
combine formed to beat another combine under capitalism will never free the workers from their slave
position in society. The slave of the mill, mine or
factory, has no advantage over the slave of the
farm, and tho slave of the farm has nothing on the
slave of the industrial centres, except that the slave
of the farm works longer hours and his job is more
steady, in fact so steady that the farmer never
knows what it is to rest, and his family usually is
in a like position.
. . .
The farmer produces cereals and other food stuffs,
the workers of the city produce the machinery of
production which the farmer must use, as well as
the machines which the industrial workers use in
thc production of clothing and all other necessities
of modern civilization, but the outstanding fact is
that the more the workers produce, the worse their
position becomes.
♦ »       *
The   farmer   produces wheat and other grains;
the more he produces the worse his position is. The
city worker produces the means of wealth production, creates machines to do away with human
labor, and suffers in consequence. The city dweller
produces clothes, boots, houses, and goes about in
rags and lives in a shack, while the farmer having
produced more wheat than the market can consume,
is destitute because he cannot get rid of his product
at a price which will remunerate him for the labor
of himself and his family.
* * »
These, briefly are the facts, but the one outstanding thing at this time is the necessity of co-operation
of thc industrial worker and the farmer, and as the
farmer has at last made an effort to get in touch,
and to work with the industrial worker, the opportunity presented for a united front should not be
lost. With the combined forces of the militant element in thc industrial organizations, and thc farmers' movement, there is a possibility that the ignorance of the city worker and the reactionary agriculturist may be overcome, but it will never be brought
about by wheat j>ools, but through an understanding
of the system whieh grinds the faces of the poor,
and enslaves the workers of all countries. This is
the task of the industrial and agricultural workers
who have realized their position in society.
T ET US SPEAK the word in bated
whispers—tremulously—for there is
e dread portent in the aound thereof
to ears uaed to the ideology of an age
which is dying! The morals of a civilization which builds palatial homes
for race horses, while children starve
in our back Jstreets, can not abide the
challenge of the facts of life as lt
exists here and now. Those frho
would willingly have us exchange our
heritage as free men and women for a
pink tea paradise beyond the clouds,
would have us consider the word
"birth" as something vile and unclean
while "control" has all sorts of implications not conveyed by Webster's definition thereof.
■* The recent visit of Margaret Sanger to this city has brought home the
fact again that there are many Btill
living in the dark ages. A recent editorial ln a local daily tells us that
"race suicide is more feared by -present-day governments than over-population." What a pity if the workers
were to attain intelligence enough to
enable them to keep from breeding
grist for the machinery of an Iron
age—the Industrial planta and the
cannons which defend them I The present syatem of so-called civilization
needa unrestricted breeding to make
good the normal waste of life through
war, disease and famine. Especially
does lt need a prolific class taught to
Increase and multiply the teeming
millions doomed to servitude and lives
of futility.
H. G. Wella, picturing the new age
apeaklng to the old as saying: "We
want fewer and better children, who
can be reared up to their full possibilities in unencumbered homes, and
we can not make the world peace, and
the social life we are determined to
make, with the ill-bred, ill-trained
swarms of Inferior citizens that you
inflict upon us." Thts is the case presented by the brave and splendidly-
gifted woman who is president of the
Birth Control League of America.
With undaunted heroism she has labored for the improvement of humanity, ln this, her chosen field, until she
has seen her movement attracting the
attention of the greatest thinkers in
the civilized world. Recognizing,
from a scientific basis, the two great
■primary forces of hunger and sex aa
the strongest factors ln human life,
she proposes to deal plainly, sanely
and fearlessly with these fundamental facta.
Thousands of idealists and leaders
of Labor have given all their energy
to solving the problem of hunger. Is
there not another problem equally im
portant to be solved? Is there not a
slavery imposed upon the race which
prevents them from Intelligently solving any problem—a alavery Imposed
by the press, the church and the state
which has built up a conspiracy of silence about the fundamental facts of
life and sex? If you, as the archenemy of mankind, wished to enslave
your fellow men, how better it could
be done than to teach him that he is
"a worm of the dust—conceived tn sin
and born in Iniquity." How better
could you subject him to your purpose of exploitation than to teach him
that the functions of his body connected with reproduction are unclean and
sinful ao that the mothers of the race
should approach the sex act with I
feelings of repugnance and guilt?
Surely a slave can only give birth to
another Blave—and thus humanity
has been, poisoned at its fountain1
In the task of freeing humanity
from its chains, the birth control
movement has been a tremendous factor. Breaking down the old Ideology;
teaching men and wtmen to be masters of their own destiny; establishing
the fact that human Ufe la worth
more than dollars and eents or than
the entire structure of our mechanical
civilization; paving the way for a new
social structure which shall truly be a
commonwealth of free men and women. Birth control ls steadily gaining ground, and encroaching upon the
limitations of the age which is passing. Not ln bated whispers, but with
manly and womanly pride, the children of the new civilization will speak
of themselves as creatures of their
own future.
Prairie farmers Are
Faced with Ruin
(Continued from page 1)
a country where, owing to the present
regime, the people are suffering because of lack of production,, but the
fact remains that the more the Russian'workers produce, the more they
get while in prosperous Canada, the
greater the production the greater the
misery. This in itaelf la a commentary
on the present system which should at
least open the eyes of the wealth pro*
ducers to the fact that the present
system can not provide them with the
necessities of life.
The farmers appeal Is a call for
solidarity on the part of all workers.
Will the city proletariat respond?
That Ib the question!
Hand The Federatlonist to your
shopmate when you are through with
Relieved In two uficutes wltb
Ou, aold, soar, burning itomiob ill quickly
relioved with JO-TO.   Drug Stores.
The Farmers' Position
*TVIE position of the prairie farmer is well outlined
in an article which appears in anothor column
of this issue.  There have bcen many who have taken
Is There a Blacklist Against
Female Workers?
rrt—E Minimum Wage conference, held last week,
brought to light one  aspect of the   position of
female employees which needs investigating.   The
press reported that there was a blacklist, and that
girls or women who appeared to give evidence before the board, were discriminated against.
*       *       »
Thc deputy minister of Labor, has in a letter to
the press, stated that this is not correct, but at the
same time in the following words in a letter to the
Sun, proves that there is some grounds for the suggestion:
Will you kindly permit me to say that no reference whatever was made to a "blacklist,"
either by myself, or by anyone at the conference. I can only suppose that the use of this
expression in your report may have been the
result of a misunderstanding. Some of the girls
attending the conference expressed the fear
that if they informed the minimum wage board
of thoir grievances they might be penalized by
• thoir employers to the extent of thc loss of their
positions. I may say, however, that the conduct of a few individual employers in this regard may have been open to suspicion. Nothing that was said at the conference would indicate thc existence of an. organized attempt to
,. defeat lhe objects of the minimum wage act,
such as might be inferred from the use of thc
term "blacklist."
While there may be no organized blacklist or attempt on the part of thc employers to create one,
tho fact remains that in every industry there are in
dividtials who aro blacklisted, and who, because of
Iheir activities, are discriminated aganst. To some
extent this discrimination has bcen overcome by organization in sevoral industries, —ie lumber.workers, havo, perhaps, the most trouble of this form of
intimidation, and without organization it cannot bc
overcome, and thc sooner tho man in the woods and
the womon and girls in the factories, realize that
the only way to fight an organization of thc employers is with a hundred per cent, workors organization, thc hotter it will bo for thc people who are
subjected to persecution at the hands of thc employers. In the meantime, thc Department of Labor
ut Victoria oould well give some time to thc investigation of the situation, and if ony employer is found
to havo victimized any of his workers because they
have given evidence before the Minimum Wage conference, ho should be dealt with just as an individual
would bc who would intimidate a witness in a court
of law.
Work Gloves and Shoes
Men's Pigskin Gloves, now       C. B. Dayfoot's, high grade,
pair  60c      6-inch top, sewn soles..$7.50
Men's   Brtncho   H. B. K.       Men's Tennis Shoes at oost.
Brand, now ooo   ____________________________________
„   ,   _,           i,     ,„ ,       Mett's Pine Shirts, attached
Men's  Peoeory. Hog (Bob ^^ WM
Long), now .$1.26     ■
Men's   Gauitlets, Broncho      Men;? Fine Shirts> separate
now 1........1 $1.00      collar A-80
Men's  Blucher  Boots, toe      Men's Work Shirts, many
cap   $4,86      different kinds, at $1.00 np
Men's   plain toe   Blucher      Agents for Headlight Over- '
cut, strong work boot..$4.60 alls—beats them all.
W.B. Brummitt
Store Opens at I a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
*Beacli and Camp
Special Prices
Striped Brown Turkish Towels, 18 by 42 inches;
each 35<*.; 20 by 40 inches, each 45*^.
White Turkish Towels, 20 by 40 inches; each 45^;
24 by 45 inches, each $1.00.
Hemmed Huck Towels, 16 by 30 inches, each 35^;
16 by 33 inches, each 40ti.
Hemstitched Damask Border Huck Towels, 18 by 36
inches, each ttOt).
Hemmed Huck Towels, 19 by 36 inches, each 6©^.
Hemstitched Huc.k Towels, 20 by 40 ins., each 85^.
—Dry-dale's Staple Shop, First Floor.
Phone Seymonr 8640
676 Granville Street
Denver, Colo.—A delegation of
citizens, headed by Governor Sweet,
urged President Harding, while la thl*
city, to grant amnesty to the remaining 23 political prisoners. Included
In the delegation were Chief Justice
James H. Teller of the supreme court
of Colorado; Ben B. Lindsay, Judge of
the Denver Juvenile court, and several
well-known churchmen. In their
signed petition to the president, the
pleaders say:
"It Is a fact that nearly all of the
prisoners -may have served several
years In some Jail or penitentiary;
furthermore, we call attention to the
fact that practically every country
involved In the war haB granted am.
nesty to Its political prisoners."
you may wish to help The Fe<lo-■
atlonlst. You can do' so by renewing
your subscription promptly and send,
tag In the subscription of your Mend
or neighbor.
The outstanding event of the summer
season. The drutlo prioe cuts give
you unique opportunities for adding
to your summer wardrobe st s very
low cost.
Famous ts^-"o^u_
For the man who WORKS
The Beer Without a Peer v
^BUNDANCE of bodybuilding elements in every
bottle — drink "Cascade"
with your meals and get renewed vitality for your daily
Insist on 'Cascade'
Sold by all Government Vendors.
Drugless Healing
Hint ap Phona Seymour MM
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suit*   S01   Domtolon   Building
1180 Georgia Stm*
Sunday serrlees, 11 «jb. aak 7:80 pjn.
Sundsy school Immediately following
morning service. Wednesdny testimonial
meeting, 8 pjn. fret rending room,
801-908 Birks Bldg.
B. r. Harrison 8. A. Fory
aaa snroswAT    vamoowbb, b. o.
Thaoa lUraoot N
WE hnve been very successful In
treating the following diseases i
Rheumatism, Sciatica, Ecsema, Oenor*
nl Debility, Loss of Manhood, Stone
ach and Dowel Trouble, etc. We
havo bad msny years of PRACTICAL
experienced so we have tho KNOWLEDGE that only thin kind of experience can give, when YOU want this
hind Df service, REMEMBER WE
have It to givo. We ask you to investigate.    That's all.
Downie Sanitarium
314 Standard Bank Bldg.
Sey. 603, High. 21341
We represent the American University
of Sanipractlc,-Seattle, Wash.
Order Gallon Jar for- your par-
'■» ties and dances,
Phone, Highland SO.
Cigar Store
Vancouver Breweries
This advertisement is hot published or displayed by the Liquor Control Board or by
the Oovernment of British Columbia.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-408 Matropolltu Building
837 Hutingi St. W. VAHOOUVEB. B. O.
Ttlepbonoi: Soymonr 6868 and 8667
The Oliver Rooms
' Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
"A Good Plaoe to Eat"
—of the—
Closes July Slat, 1823
IF you are contemplating taking new
Borvljc, oi* making any onangos In or
additions to. yoar present service, you
shoull send notification, In writing, not
later than the abovo date, in order that
you may take advantago of the now directory listings.
Two Short Words, Bridging the Golf Between
H_?t you prottettd nunlf tnd yonr family tftlnat inob. aa «m trganty,
witk • BAVINS- AOOOolIT-*tk» moit ?_1_»_1_ Ami a mu un tan fir
till "BA1NT DAT."
Wt BTBOMHiT BEOOliMEND yon to lUrt inok u uocnnt AT OMOi,
nt ont of onr Oity fimnohoi.
BAST-BOS ud BBTIIOU Ow. I. Barman, Hanaftr
Oordon ud AnDott _____ and SMh Ara. _____ eat Broadway
Union Bank of Canada
P.B.—H ron are living In a oonununlty ut provided with Banking facilities, address u by mail, and we will ke glad to guide yoa lu respect to "Banking by HalL" J>AY July  27, 1928
[Are your teeth right?
nON'T dodge this question—
make sure.  I will examine
your teeth entirely free of obligation.
qualify me to give expert opin-
    ion.  I offer  you   thoroughly
 —.    good work at honest prices..
Extraction of Teeth, Expression Plates and
Dental Work of every type,
Formerly momber of the Faculty of College of Dentiitry, Unlvaralty of
Southern California, lecturer on Orown and Bridge work, dtmonatrator
on Flatework and Opera tive Dentiitry, looal aud general Anaathseia.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Oor. Seymour—Baok of Nova Sootia Building
Phone Seymonr 8381
Vancouver Unions
>UV_m    TBABBB _AW>     IjtBOB
.nnoU— PreeUent, B. H. BtiUail, U.
fl i*i*'*}**_**^-t**_^r_*SVSi-.
; general aaoratary, nwy ». Bang.
801, 81» Ptndtr Bt. Wtat. Ptess
Heete ln Ubor Hall at 8 —
rat and third Tneadaya In mon
I.U aeoond Honday in lba montb. Pro*
Et. 1. B. While; eecretary, B. Hr Seel*
VP, 0. Bon 88.	
|n Stmt Waat-jBntlnata »c-lsa
P Wedneiday •rale* A. Hnelnala.
mun; E. H. Morriion, aac-treaa.: Om.
tarriion, 11S8 Parlitr atrial, Vsncouver,
, sarsurssui. ««.*»
nation ra aotnrlng antaktra or tba for*
|n of loeal branohei, iindly oommunleata
■ provincial BaoreUry J. Lyla TeUard,
I Birks Bldg., Vancouver, B. ft Tel-
le Boymonr 18H, or Fairmont _»»»■
|eby balkbmbn, moal •"-*»•■
Icond Thuraday erery month, 81» Pender
it Weit. Prtlldenl. J. Brlihtwtlli
■olal leoreUry, H. A. Bowron, •_«—lltf*
Union of America—Looal HO, Van*
fer B. 0„ meets aeoond and fonrtb -Jaee.
Jin eacbmontbta B»m 818-8MPu*
|Street Weit. Prealdenl, 0. B. Htrrott,
Tiaitiogi Btrtet Baati aooretary, A. B.
I 880 Oamblt Street.   Bhop pbone, Sey.
j R_ml„enee nhone, Pong* *»-■-».
£££_*_£ Iron BhlpbrJldo-. «**__
Wet Amerlcfc Local l»{-_»«^«',2?i!
■ third Mondaya In eaet montb. Pml
1 P. Wllllli leorttary, A. Frutr. Ogee.
m B08—8U Finder Street Welt.   O»oe
E s to tl am. ud » to o p*»*	
EkLAYEBS AND llASOjm—Ir yon seed
Hoklaran or maioni for boiler wor".
f or -tittle lettm, pbom BrlobUySra'
In Labor Temple.      ■	
■iBB and Jolnere, Looal «*■-"*»'«•
Fl'ley; recording eecretary, W. Pagei
»_____-_ Wm. J)unn.    OBce:   Hoom
SB.'OrStreet Weit.   Meet- >«-°_
fourth Mondaye, 8 p-m., ttoom 5, «»
_ler Street Well. __
flO   EMPLOVBE8  ?H-0IJr",,1?, J?,
_\ ffi Btneti »Sat5?-tr.a«r.r, Oeo.
Ellon. 1188 Parker Btreet.
•filNBEBS - INTERN AT10NAL ______
■uim and Operating, Local 844--llMta
ISThuSday at 8 p.m., Boom 807 Ubor
llle Prefident, J. Flynn: buiineu agent
FSiinolai leorettry, »• *-• •*■»»•! "M'a-"
Votary, D. Hodsei. ■ —'.	
•ildifi. NeU_lla.oDonald, Mo.1__***"'
. 0 Fireball.
^__T_________~-, -=
Wm. «nt and third Monday in room 81.--
T Pindar Street Well. Tr.__lent,J. «*
■Lthome; nnanclal iecretary, A. P**!""'
Er Road ron onco, y*;_M*''iJ_.?_
ftrdlng lecretary, 0. Tether, __«-_-«
1 Eaet, Vanopjnrer, B. 0.  _
till, AND RE8TA0BAMT Employeea
"ton Local 88-411 Boymonr Street.
r«ratand third Wadntedaya at »:80
aTcind and fourth Wedneldeyi at
pm E-ec-Ure bosrd**"%•,__?
ia! at 8 pm. Preildent, W. A. Oolmir
P-agent, A. •Oraham.   Phono Seymonr
__• CANADA—An Induitrlal union of all
Ken In logging and oonetrnotlon campi.
It Diet-lot and Oeneral Headtnarten, «1
Ion Btreet Wait, VanoonTor, B. ft
E.Senear 7B66. J. M. Clarke, general
leuw-lreaiurer; legal adrlien, Selirl.
E Jlaedonald t. Co., Vsncouver, B. 0.1
lio "Meun. Buttar • Oblene, Vancou-
. 0,
__iml_T8 LOCAL 18a—ProlUent, Lee
Wm,,; iecretary, J. O. Keefai bnilneej
*\t, P. R. Bengough. Offloo: 808, 810
ber Street Weit. MeeU in «»»">»«-
Xpender Street Weet, on «rit and third
Mridaya In month.	
HlSIsfS LOOAL 883—Praaldant, Ed.
■".«?»" »«re«*T, . »■ Hl-V .__%**
\\, P. B. Bengough. Offloo: 808—818
be. Street W.elt. Meotl in Room 8—
fPender Street Welt, on eecond and dth
pdayi in month. .
BIION, Local 1*5, A. F. of M.—Meeti at
£e Hall, Homer Street. «J^..j>ssdnr.
I. a.m. Preildent, Erneit 0. Miller. 801
lon Btreet: eecretary, Edward Jamloion,
SNelion Street: Jnanclal iecretary, W. Jj.
Rami, 081 Neleon Street:  organlier, F.
Slher, 09l Neleon Street.	
T)R8 and Pujiorhangen ot America. Local
; Vancouvor^Meeli 2nd and Ml ™iri-
1 at 1«8 Cordova Street Woat. Phone,
ar.10. Bu-lne»» Agent, H. D. j.oJIarJ^
JTck Builderi, Local No. 8404—Meet! at
fHaitlngi Street Weit every Friday, at S
A Jaa. Thompson, financinl spcr-lnry.
Irdova St. Weit, P. 0. Box 671. Phono
J8703.   Moatlngi every Monday al 7.80
_  J. Pearaon. buiineu agent.	
ft—Meeting nlghti, Irat Tueiday and Brd
M.r ol each month at headquarter!, -318
■dova Street Welt. Prolldont, D. Glllei-
■• vice-president, John Johnson: iecretary-
Iiuror, Wm. Donaldeon, oddron 318 Cor
T» Street West. Branch agont'i addreu:
J Worrall,   576  Johnson  Street,   Victoria,
Beet And electric rA-LWATTem*
Boyeei, Pioneer Division No. 101-Meall
|p. Hall, Eighth ond Kingsway, 1st and
\ Mondays ot 10:15 a.m. and 7 tun. Pro-
*„t, F. A. Hoover, 2400 Clarke Drive:
Irdlng socretary, F. B. Orlffln, «7--fltb
T. East.; treasurer, A. F. Andrew I Onin-
I gecretnry and-buslnoss agent, W. H, on*
\ 188-17tb Ave. W. Offlce, corner Prior
J Main Btrejtl Phone Falnnont 4504Y
Vetlci, Local No. 178—Meeting! held
rMonday ln each month, 8 p.m. Preil-
t A. R. Oatenby; vloe-preiident, Mri.
K; recording iecretary, 0. McDonald P.
boi 503: 8nanolal aeeretary, P. McNelib,
). Box 508^ . ,
let Ruisla—Vancouver branch meots Int
third Sunday! each month, 2 p-m., at Ol
leva Street Welt. For Information write
pranch iecretary, S. T. A. S. R-, 81 Cor-
C, atreet West. Vancouver, B. 0.
Knt B P. Pettllilece: vlco-preildent J.
J Bryan eeCretarytreaiurer, R. H Nee-
Id" P. C. Box 86. Moot; lait Sfndayof
Ik month at 2 p.m. In Labor Hall, 810
Eder Street Welt.  ^
TTION-MeeU at 091 Nalion *»"«..««
„,  on the Tueiday preceding tht lit Bu*
K of the month.   JWldut, »•>._JsOle*
fn, 901 Nelion St.: Satrttary, 0. H. WU-
The Committee
• •       •
On propoaed Total
• •       •
• •       •
Of the twelve-hour day
• *       •
Appointed by
•.      •       a.
The Iron and Steel
• •       a
• •       •
Rejects the proposal
Xs a "sentiment
.*      •    ■ •
"Not created*
By the workers       y
• •       •
• •       •
And because
• *       •
The twelve-hour day
• •       •
"Has not
w       a       a
Of Itself been
• a        *
An injury
«       •    ' •
To the employees
• •       •
Or morally."
I laughed.
*        •       •
SEPARATE TENDERS will be received br
the Pacific Construction Compsny Limited,
at their offlce at the foot of Ssisbury
Drive, Vancouver, B. C, until noon, July 30,
1028, for the following:
Telephone and Signal Systems, complete.
Wiring for Electric Lighting.
Power Wiring,
Electric Motors,
AU of the above to be used in tho construe*
tion of the addition to the Government Grain
Elevator No. 1.  N
Plans and specification., may be seen at (he
above address.
Tenders should be marked, "Tender for
Government Elevator."
Lowest or any tender not necessarily ac
ceptcd In wholo or In part.
Disappears   as   If  by  magic  when
is used, Gas pains, add stomach, -sour
stofhach, burning and all after-eating distress relieved in two minutes. All Drug
S torts,
Best $2.50
Glasses not prescribed unless absolutely necossary. Examinations
made by graduate Eyesight Specialists. Satisfaction guaranteed.
We grind our own lenses, Lenses
duplicated by mail.
Brown Optical
Be   sure   of   the   address—Above
Woolworth's Store, near
Suite 36, Davis Chambers,
Phone Sey. 1071
Hams,  S91  Nelson  Bt ;  Business Agent,   F.
Fletcher, 901 Nelson St.
UNION, No. 418—Presldsnt, 8. D. Macdonald, secretary-treasurer, J. M. Campbell,
P, 0. Box 089. Meets last Thursday of each
[By I. Stalin]
[The writer of the following artlole
makes no claim to originality, but
penned the article aa a collective survey of Lenin's fundamental views,]
(Continued from last week)
■*pO confuse slogans with directions,
or slogans of agitation with slogans
of action, is Just as dangerous as premature or too retarded action—which
can become more dangerous, actually
catastprophic. In April, 1917, the slogan, "All power to the Soviets/' was
an agltatlve slogan. The famous de*
monstratlon In Petrograd in April,
1917, before the winter palace, was a
premature and therefore catastrophic
attempt to turn this slogan into a slogan of action. The party was right ln
condemning the initiators of this demonstration, for it was aware that
the pre-requisites for the transformation of this slogan Into one of action
were as yet non-existent, and that a
premature action on the part of the
(proletariat may lead to a collapse of
its forces.
On the other hand, oases occur
when the party is confronted with the
necessity of withdrawing or altering,
"within 24 hours," mature slogans (or
directions) whioh have already been
accepted-Vln order to save Its members from falling Into some trap set
by the enemy, or In order to postpone
the execution of the directions to a
more favorable time. This was the
case in, Petrograd in June, 1917, when
a carefully prepared workers' and.soldiers' demonstration' intended for July
9 was cancelled by the CI. C. of our
The task of the party consists in
our skilful and timely conversion of
the agltatlve slogans Into slogans of
action, or of the latter into definite
and concrete directions—or, if conditions demand it, of possessing the
elasticity and determination to desist
from the execution of this or that slogan, even if popular and mature. '
Historical Upheavals.   Strategic
The strategy of the party ls not
something permanent, something fixed
once and for all. It changes with historical revolutions, historical movements. These changes are expressed
by the circumstance that an Independent and specially adapted strategic
plan Is worked out for every historical upheaval. The stragettc plan determines the main line of action to.be
adopted by. the revolutionary forces,
and the diagram for the corresponding
distribution of the millions of workers
on the social battlefield. It goes with-,
out saying, that a stragettc plan ap-,
pilcable to one historical period, and
possessing Ub own specific characteristics; Is not applicable to .another his?
torlcal period, distinguished by quite
different peculiarities. For every historical revolution there is a stragettc
plan necessary for this special revolution, and adapted to Its tasks.
The new history of Russia knows
three main historical upheavals which
called Into existence three different
stragetlc plans in the history of our
party. A brief description of these
upheavals will be in place here, ln
order to illustrate in what manner the
stragetlc plans of the party generally
change In accordance with the latest
historical movements.
The First Historical Upheaval and Hie
Movement Towards the Bourgeois
Democratic Revolution In Russia
This upheaval began at the commencement of our century, at the time
of the Russo-Japanese war, when the
defeat of the Tzarlst army and the
great political strikes among the Russian workers aroused all classes of the
population, and thrust them on to the
battlefield of political struggles. This
upheaval culminated ln the days of the
February revolution of 1917.
During this period two stragettc
plana opposed one another within our
party: the plan of the Mensheviki
(Plechanov-Martov, 1905), and the
plan of the Bolsheviki (Lenln, 1905).
The Mansheviat strategy struck the
main blow at Tzarlsm on lines of coalition between the liberal bourgeois
and the proletariat. As this plan was
based on fhe then prevailing idea that
the rovolution wns a bourgeois one,
it uBslgned the leading role ln the
movement to the liberal bourgeoisie,
and gave to the proletariat the role
of "extreme left opposition," the role
of motive power to the bourgeoisie,
while the peasantry, ono of the most
Important revolutionary forces, was
completely, or almost completely, excluded from the scone of battle. It
Is not ilifHc.ult to comprehend that this
plan, Ignoring as it did a million peasantry, was bound to be a hopeless
failure in a country like Russia; and
in laying the fate of the revolution In
the hands of the liberal boui-feeoisle
(the hegemony of the bourgeoisie)
the plan was reactionary in character, for the liberal bourgeoisie was not
anxious for the complete victory of
the revolution, and wns always ready
to bargain  with Tzarlsm.
The Bolshevist strutegy (see Comrade Lenin's book, "Two tactics")
aimed at striking the main revolutionary blow against Tzarlsm on lines of
coalition between tho proletariat and
the peasantry, the liberal bourgeoisie
being neutralised. As this plan was
based on the vlew-irblnt that the liberal bourgeoisie ls not deslrlous of tbe
complete victory of the bourgeoise-"
democratic revolution, and that It
preCers to bargain with Tsarism at the
expense of thc workers and peasants,
it assigned the leading role of the re-
volutlonary movement to the proletariat, this being the sole class In Russia
consistently revolutionary In character. This plan was not alone distinguished by its correct estimate of
the motive forces of reyolutlon, but
by bearing within lt the germ of the
Idea of the proletarian dictatorship
(the hegemony of Lho proletariat). In
'a flash of genius it foresaw the next
and highest phase of revolution In
Russia, and facilitated the transition
to It.
The next stage of development of
the revolution, up to February, 1917,
tully confirmed the correctness of this
strategic plan.
Tlie Second Historical Upheaval and
the Movement Towards the Dictatorship ofthe P#olDtariat In Russia.
The second upheaval began with the
February revolution of 1917, after the
overthrow of Czarism, when the Imperialist war was exposing everywhere
the deadly wounds which capitalism
had suffered; when the liberal bourgeoisie found Itself incapable of taking the real administration of the
oountry into Its hands, and was forced
to confine itself to clinging formally
to Its authority (provisional government); when the workers' and soldiers' councils into whose hands the
actual power fell, proved to possess
neither the capacity nor the will to
use this power; when the soldiers at
the front, and the workers and peasants in the Interior of the country,
were thrown into despair by the severity of the struggle and the economle
devastation; when the regime of the
"double power" and of the "contact
commission," eaten up by internal antagonisms and capable of neither war
nor peace, entangled the situation
more and more. This period ended
with the October Revolution of 1917.
Two strategic plans opposed ope
another at this period within the Soviets; that of the Mensheviki and S,
R.'s, and that'of the Bolsheviki.
The strategy of the Mensheviki and
of the S. R.'s which at first vacillated
between the Soviets and the provisional government, between revolution
and counter-revolution, assumed its
final form at the time of the opening
of the democratic conference in August, 1917. Thfs final form was the
gradual but certain deprivation of
power of the country in the hands of
the "Constituent Assembly," a model,
of the future bourgeois .parliament.
The solution of all queations on war
and peace, of agrarian and labor questions, and of the national question,
were postponed till the convention of
the Constituent Assembly, and this
convention was again postponed Indefinitely. "All power to the Constituent Assembly!" was the slogan of
the 8. R.'s and the Mensheviki. This
was the preparatory plan for a bourgeois dlstatorshlp, which, though
combed and brushed into "perfect democracy," was none the less to be a
bourgeois dictatorship.
The Bolshevist strategy (see the
"Thesis" of Comrade Lenin, April,
1917), aimed at" the destruction Of
bourgeois power by the united forces
of the proletariat and the impoverished peasantry,' based on the dictatorship of the proletariat In the form of
Soviet republics. The rupture with
imperialism and with war, the emancipation of the oppressed' nationalities of the one-time RUssian Empire,
the expropriation of the landowners
'and capitalists, the preparation of th»
ground for the organisation of Sooialist economics—these were the elements of the Bolshevist plan at that
period. "All power to the Soviets!"
—was the slogan of the Bolsheviki at
that time. Thla plan ls important,
not only on account of its correct estimation of the motive forces of the
new proletarian revolution In Russia,
but because it facilitated and accelerated the revolutionary movement ln
the west.
The subsequent development of
events until the October upheaval,
fully confirmed the correctness of thta
strategic plan.
The Third Historical Upheaval and
the Movement Towards the Proletarian Rovolution ln Burope
The third upheaval began with the
October revolution, when the death
agony of two imperialist groups of
the west attained Its highest point]
when the revolutionary crisis In the
west plainly showed Its development;
when In Russia the bourgeoia power,
bankrupt and entangled ln antagonisms, felflfceneath the blows of the
proletarian revolution; when the action taken by the new Soviet "government in the peace question, in the
confiscation of land, the expropriation
of the capitalists, and the emancipation of oppressed nationalities, gained
for It the confidence of millions of
workera the world'overv This was an
upheaval on an International scale,
for the international front of capital
was broken through for the first time,
the question of the overthrow of capitalism unfolded for the first time in
actual practice. Thus the October revolution became transformed from a
Russian national revolution into an
International force, and the Ruaslan
workers from a backward section of
the international proletariat Into lte
vanguard arousing the workers of the
west, and of the oppressed lands of
the eaBt by their self-sacrificing struggles. This upheaval has not yet reached its apex, for It has not fully unfolded on an International scale, but its
general trend and significance are already determined with sufficient clearness.
At that time two strategic plans
strove against one another ln Russia's political circles; the plan of the
counter-revolutionists, who drew the
active section of the Mensheviki and
the S. R.'s into thetr organisations,
and the plan of the Bolsheviki.
The counter-revolutionists, and thetr
active S. R.'s, and Mensheviki, united
all discontented elements ln one camp;
the old officers at the front and In the
interior, the bourgeois-nationalist gov
ernments of the border states, the cap
itallsts and landowners expropriated
by the revolution, the agents of the
Entente who were preparing ah intervention, etc. They maintained
their course towards the overthrow of
the Soviet government by means of
rebellions or foreign Interventions for
the restoration of capitalism ln Rus-
I^OR SOME considerable time, the
publication of the lumber barons,
as well as the dally press, has been
carrying on an elaborate system of
propaganda, whtch it was alleged,
would   help  to   educate  the   logger
f flre fighting facilities, with the result
that the flre spread and the. whole
crew had to be called out to flght flre.
The flre tn question neither started
from a camper nor a smoker, but
from Old Bob Dollar's donkey, and
evidently the poor old man was so
hard pressed for lack of funds that
he could not afford to have adequate
flre fighting material.   There was not
against smoking in the woods, and enough water on the Job to put out a
bring lt home to the camper that iti big flre in a kitchen range, but the
was vitally necessary that he extln- inference from the newB report of this
gulsh his flre before leaving camp, J affair was to the effect that some ig*
In all probability the camper needed norant logger was to blame for the
this education,  because the majority! destruction.   It Is certain that a cam
of the campers in this Province are
not of the working class, and, therefore, Ignorant on most subjects except
skinning slaves.
It has been claimed in this master
class pwpaganda that almost all forest flre/were caused by loggers smoking in the woods while at work, and
by campers omitting to put out their
oamp fires. Of course, a forest fire
could not possibly be cause-l through
the inadequate fire precautions of the
logging companies; or if an occasional
one did originate in that mnnner. It
was from some extremely shortsighted and Ignorant ron tractor who
did not have such a Urge Bocial outlook as say tlio members of the Lumbermen's Association, and happily the
number of such persons in the ranks
of the master class were negligible.
The Daily World for July 19, contains a news item re a forest fire at
Union Bay. At the bottom of the
news item in question, we note the
following: "Tho danger is acute, and
those responsible for camp fires, or for
smoking tobaccp are urged to exercise
every care that no fire or smouldering embers are left."
This piece of sage advise was added
to the news item very evidently with
the Intention of making the readers
infer that either a camper, or else
one of the workera who had been
smoking had started tbe fire. It might
not be amiss to record just how this
flre at Urtion Bay started, and Just
what adepts the back writers of the
master class are at telling a story in
auch a way that the reader gets a
wrong inference from what he reads.
Thia flre at Union Bay started at
the camp of the Canadian Robert
Dollar Co. It began to burn right
alongside one of the donkey engines,
at noon, while the crew were eating
lunch. A watchman was at the donkey when the flre began, but was unable to put lt out owing to the lack of
per couhl not have been blamed, be
cause lt certainly would be a foolish
holiday maker who camped alongside
a logging donkey.
If Instead of using up good paper
giving cheap advice, meh who have
forgotten more about the subject thnn
he ever knew, the editor of the World
would caution Dollar to "exercise
every care" and put spark arresters
on his donkeys, and get more water
on tlie Job, even if ho should hnvo to
buy a new pump and a few feet of
water pipe, ho would lte doing something of service to the "community."
Yes, the "public spirit" of the logging boss contracts considerably when
there arises a danger of it costing him
Clean-up Prices in Furniture
Twelve only Fumed Oak Jardiniere Stands, * |   nl
Bix only Golden and Fumed Oak
and Mahogany Jardiniere Stands;
reg. 17.00 to 18.60.
To clear.,	
Three only Roll Seat Rockers—■
Reg. .11 to |14,        *|J AA
To clear  vO,9V
Two only. Slightly Damaged
Lamp Shades; *1 [• t_t_
reg. 130. To clear.... tJlOeUU
One only Fumed Oak Desk—Regular 139.60.   '      Ann g*\
To clear «P-_i I tO\t
Two only Fumed Oak Bullets—
-*el^l $40,00
Two only, Solid Mahogany Cane
Panel Suites; In fine damask,
To clear
at _..
Two only Oak China Cabinets-—
Regular f 60.00.      ■>*)(■ gaga
To clear   VuOiUV
Six only Fumed Oak Arm Chairs.
Reg. IU to 116.        *Q aa
To clear 9«/.UU
One only Old Hickory Settee-
Regular 180.00.        _l_f_ f__\
To clear. 9_£UoUU
Three only Upholstered Reed
Settees. Reg, $41.   ***0O EA
. To clear. %pO_eO\I
One only, 6-foot Upholstered Willow Settee—Reg. (>A {_ aa
100.00. To clear.... 9*tO.UU
Three only; Piano Lamps, complete with shades.   *£s*l*7 £A
To clear *4>_fa/.OU
Three only, Bridge Lamps, with
S $12.95
One Orey Reed Desk and Chair.
Reg. $72.50. #BA AA
To clear *9v***t\tv
Hudson's Bay Company
Harrts-urg, Pa.—-The house defeated the workmen's compensation
amendment through th. vote dodging
ot six lawmakers. The defeat of th.
bill makes impossible increased compensation to an Injured man or a
widow'wilh a family depending on
them for support Th. present rate
of $12 per week wu set tn Kit when
living costs were less thaa one-half
of the present flgure,   _
A debate on unemployment in the
South African parliament was suspended for fifteen minutes by three
Wltersrand unemployed, who chained
themselves to the gallery and delivered speeches of protest agalnat tb*
government failure lo deal with .th.
Why Let George Po II
If you do not attend your union
meetinga and the other fallow does,
why kick. He Is doing the best he
can. Why complain because Oeorge
doea lt.    Why not do it yourself T
Always look up The Fed. advertisers
before making purchases.
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
Phonel:   Bey. 7421 «nd Sey. 4490.
Five-sixths of the timbered area of B. C.
belongs to the People.
Each year, it is increasing in value as the
more accessible timber is cut.
In 1922 there was received from the sale
of such timber the sum of $620,000.
This helped to keep your taxes down, and
to build up the Province.
Green Timber is British Columbia's assurance of Perpetual Prosperity.
Trade Mark
From the
Government Vendor PAGE FOUR
fifteenth year. No. so BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vANcopvBB, a a
At 8:00 p.p.
Op behalf Qf Strikers
in Noya Scotia
Troops Used to Protect
Scabs in Nova Scotia
 (Continued from Page 1)
leap ths Dipt      ' '
Old Mill
Svery afternoon ud eveninff,
Adults 100}  Ohildren 6c.
Wednesdaya and Saturdays
0 p.m. to 12 p.m.
Finest pavilion  on tho  Pacific
Take Hastinsa East car, No. 8,
or Powell St. oar, No. 12, to tbe.
Light refreshments at pavilion.
Portland, Me.—Employing plumbers voluntarily raised wages to $1 an
hour when these unionists called attention to the low rate tn this olty.
solidarity with the workers ol Nova
Scotia. The miners of District 18
have stood up splendidly in this bat
tie. Many locals have demanded a
sympathetic strike, and ln Drumheller
they did no.t wait lor the officials to
make up their minds to call the strike,
l>Ut threw .down their tools. Thla
movement ol protest and action Is
growing, despite the craft divisions,
and the leaders who are so brave that
they would convene a nice quiet conference that would end ln finely-
phrased resolutions, or demand of the
government that an investigation be
held Into conditions ln Nova Scotia.
The workers here are determined
not to give in, despite the odds against
them, and they hope that the workera
of the rest of the country will come
to their aid, not only by resolution,
but by striking along with them."
..July _.,
Concerning Boy Scouts and War
More Seamen Respond
to Strike Call
(Continued from Page 1)
,*; Union Is What Tou Make It
Some 2$ "•"'"■-•X* t\h— ft union
comes out of the sky, and that it ..
made to order. ThiB ia a fallacy
which only active participation ln
union affairs can destroy. ' Why not
be an active member, instead of a
Hon., Sat.
lion., Wed., Sat.
Wed., Sat.
Wed.,, June 6th, 8:00 p.m.
nnd Fortnightly thereafter.
Tourist and Travel Bureau
527 Granville Street
Every reader of The Federatlonist
can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon aB
thoy are due, and by inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do this.   Try lt.
At   Leas   Than  Half-price
" Educational BookB. If what
you want Is not In this list, we
will get it for you. Books mailed
to any address on receipt of
208. The   Evolution  of  Mm,  by
Hwckel,  2  vols 11.00
165. World  Relation!        .60
Nineteenth   Century    Prose
tnd Poetry, Onnllffe, 2 vola.
In on*  7B
Experiences   in   Self-Healing, Elisabeth Towie  38
Educational   Reformer*,   by
Qttiek   60
Elementary     Treatise     on
Physics,  Experimental and
Applied   1.60
204. Browniotf's   Complete
Works  „....:„  2.60
Sheliy's   Couplet* Worts,
2 toIi  1.60
Shakespeare's Complete
Works,  4 roll.   8.00
Byron'k   Complete Work*.. 1.00
Bobert  Barns'  Works...!.... 1.09
Natural Taxation, by Shearman _ „,.„:.. 1.00
How  to  Keep Fit 60
244. flack   to the   Republic, by
Atwood  ....  86
Lectures   and   Essays,  by
Huxley        .75
Tbe Making of the World,
by Meyer  „    .86
278. Public   Men and   Life  In
Canada, Voting 1.00
2708 Fern Avenue, Jubilee, B. C.
gang seemed to be in an unsettled
state, except the police.
Several ol the scab ships that have
left Vancouver since thej^rike waa
declared, have had all kinds of trouble
according to the press reports of the
United States. The s. S. Canadian
Volunteer, which was to have left Astoria on Saturday, July 21 at noon,
was delayed til) late In the afternoon
owing to four of the strike-breakers
'•wring tbo ship ftt that port. Ac-
_  the 8, 8. Cana-
tThe opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federationist, and
no responsibility (or tbe views expressed Is accepted by the management.]
Relieved in two minutes with
Jo-To relieves gas Hns, odd stomach, heartburn,  after-eating distress nnd all forum  of
Indigestion quickly, without harm.
AU Drug Stores,
QTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
u McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
cording to the press,
dlan Volunteer had to leave without
men to take their place, which Woilld
make   it' more   unpleasant   for   the
strike-breakers aboard.
On Wednesday, Juiy 26, a man named W. Caldwell, according: to his story,
waa told to get off the S. S. Canadian
Importer for refusing to do work
he wag not hired to do. This man
was signed on as a second cook, and
atfer he had been aboard a few days,
he.was asked to sign fresh articles
as an A. B„ which he complied with,
although letting the officers aboard
know that he waa not a capable man,
He was put over the side of the ship
to do some painting, whioh he did according to hiB ability. In his efforts
to get back on board the ship, he had
hia legs badly skinned, which made
him unfit for the work that he was
called on to do. The strike-breaking
boatswain tried to make the man
work under hardships that no human
being could .stand—that is, ln the same
condition as Caldwell was in. Meanwhile, the company offered to settle
up with bim i fhe would go to work
in the 8. S. Canadian Scottish.
The S. 8, Canadian Freighter docK-
ed Thursday, July ii, and the crew
gave a report that conditions in uoi,-
oral were very bad, and the or*w said
that ihey were ticked to denth to
knem .hat there was a strike on
against such conditions as existed on
the Freighter, during the last voyage,
The men decided to a man to come oil
the ••hip, in sympathy with those al
ready on strike.
The S. 8. Canadian Observer, which
docked on Thursday morning, haB
had lots of trouble with the crew
who went aa strike-breakers, many of
whom decided that they had had
enough, and left the ship at portsJn
the United States. In fact the ship
ls Btlll one man abort on deck.
Strikebreakers who are willing to
try once on the S. S. Canadian Importer at HaBtings Mills:
Able Seamen—W. Cardie, H. (Jreen-
burn, H. Wallace, A. Newman, S.
Bckford, H. Brown, A. Murray, H,
Caae, A, Dunbar, R, Burney.
Boatswain—S.   Marale   or S.
Donkeyman—F. Fandenell.
Oilers—J, Bennet, S. Frost,
Firemen—L.   Bremner,   J.   Cherg*
ney, B. Humphrey, K, Hallas, A. Lore
man, J. Loreman, J. Nolan, W, White,
D. Summer, W. Smith, traitor.
The names listed here with any
changes that may occur, will be sent
to all Labor organizations throughout
the world.
Why Let Georgo Do It
If you du not attend your union
meotlngs and the other fellow does.
why kick. He is doing the best ho
can. Why complain because Goorge
does It.    Why not do It yourself?
You may wish to help Tho Fodor-
atlonlst. You can do so by renewing
your subscription promptly and sending In tlie subscription or your friend
or neighbor.
This advertisement is not published or displayed by thc Liquor Control Board or by the
Government of British Columbia.
Tho Nova Scotia Situation
Editor B. C. FederationiBt—Sir: Recent eventB in Nqva Scotia will, no
doubt, occupy considerable space In
your valuable mouthpiece for the
workers, as indeed it muat of necessity occupy the minds of union men
throughout tjie Dominion. JTor that
reason, the writer^in tendering the
following observations, does eo at the
eame time offering apologies for even
asking the space.
However muoh we may agree
disagree on matters pertaining to
general trade union policy, we muat
all concur that the attitude taken by
the U. M. W. A. in regard to the
strike ln Nova Scotia will not help the
situation, so far as the strikers' interests are concerned. In fact, from
the writer's viewpoint, the letter from
that official which was given frontpage preference In the Province of the
19th last, will do more to disorganize
the workers involved, and frustrate
a general get-together tendency among
the workers in the. Dominion, than
anything tbe employers could ever
have done. The letter referred to
constitutes an assault on working class
interests, the like of which Is without
parallel. This is largely so because
it comes from one who is obligated
by virtue of his office to protect the
miners. To the most unsophisticated
on labor matters, it must appear that
;vhen an official is paid by the hard-
earh8d eeln ot the workers to look after their interests, that he would pay
more heed Ui thetr wishe* th-*n t0
those of theii' employers. But that is
preoisely what wftfc not done in this
case. If t\\_re is any doubt on that
score, the reader can have the same
removed by analyzing the letter re<
ferred to.
In the first place, when a. letter is
sent by an official at the head offlce
of any union, to any of its locals, such
is considered the local's own private
matter, and is only supposed to be
made public when the local decides to
make it so. It Is extremely doubtful
whether the locals of the district in
this case, authorized its publication.
The source of its publication may be
made known later.
There are some admissions in the
letter of John  L. Lewis which are
worthy of note.      He openly admits
that   the  action   taken  by  him  was
caused by the protests of the British
Empire Steel Corporation.   If the president of that corporation had been a
member of the IT. 'M. W. A., or had
he himself been stockholder in said
corporation, he could not have supported   them  better.    His atatement
that the strike resulted in "jeopardy
to property interests," ls very apparently one that belongs to the corporation he defends and equally appare-
ly intended aa an attack against the
men he Ib paid to represent.   This as*
cusatlon that the officers of the district are men of "perverted business
morals," may or may not be true. But
what can be said of the morals of a
man who, while paid by the workers
to represent them, comes out openly
against them at a time when their
employers are using all the machin
ery of state to crush them to extinction?   The least said the better;   One
observation that can be made is that
the man who betrayed his Master for
thirty pieces of silver, and then had
the decency to go and hang himself,
ls not In the same class as the above
referred   to  official,    The   obligation
of fidelity to the miners' Interests that
he  is  supposed   to  bave  taken,   has
been trampled more to extinction than
the contract between the miners and
their employers could ever have been.
At this distance, lt Is difficult to ascertain just what feature of the agree
ment   between   the   miners  and   the
corporation has been violated.     The
essentials of a trade unions agreement,
usually   the  question  of  wages   and
hours, do not appear to be a feature
in the strike referred to.    Lewis admits in the opening sentence that the
strike  is a sympathetic one, and as
such, it precludes the possibilities of
wages and hours being an issue.    If
the agreement was intended  to prevent the men from striking in support
of others on ^Btrike, then of course,
it was a case of violation.    But lt is
not clear that such wae the case.   He
also claims that the strike is caused
by   revolutionary   Intent  against   the
government, though he does not state
what particular laws of the Dominion
or Province have been violated.   This
letter does  reveal  a  personal  grievance against the officials of the district, and a desire for an opportunity
to get the spleen off hla chest.
The militia brought into play at
the Instigation of the British Empire
Steel Corporation, having failed to
break up the strike, and that corporation being unable to organize scabs
to take their places, have hit on the
Idea of having Lewis organize scabs
for them. And that is precisely what
he has done. The same official organ- j
(zed a scab union to break up the
strike in Kansas, and waa successful
In doing bo, and tries to do the same
in Nova Scotia. There are a few
such incidents ln the annals of trade
unionism where the charter was taken
away from a body of men on strike
and given to another body of men to
take their places, In other words, organized scab unions. '
We have heard a lot during recent
years about secession movements
among trnde union members. Whether lt Is right or wrong to form dual
unions bas been discussed pro and
con. And there Is no doubt but that
the "united front" Is the correct idea.
But If it is wrong to organize dual
unions, ft Ib equally wrong and more
so to take the charter away from a
[By F. W. Moore]
"All the world's a stage,' and always will be.
T-HE eecond great life scene and the
most enjoyable of all, in which tens
of thousands of the human species,
have been absorbed for the last six
months, has come abruptly to an end,
and now the happy "Boy Scout"—the
erstwhile "whining school boy,"*
rayed in his master's war paint, is enjoying himself to his heart's content,
and Incidentally Is cultivating the
spirit of militarism and developing a
taate for the glory that tradition
would teach, is inherent In the art of
legal and wholesale manslaughter.
Suoh a taste comes unconsciously,
and by reason of environment, but
none the less useful Is it to those
world-wise ones who consider it their
business to niake preparations for an
Impending struggle for economic advantage.
Here is one of many quotations that
might be produced In support of the
above Btatement: "Thia very day great
groups of well-trained, industrious officers, are working out in all their details how your boys and others like
them are to be employed ln the next
year." (From a statement by Major-
General O'Ry&n In the Locomotive
Engineers' Journal for April.)
To those to whom knowledge of the
economic basis of society, ls familiar,
preparations for a huge world war is
what Is to be expected; but to those
of ub who are ruled by credulity, tradition and sentiment, \ there appear
constant indications of the coming
struggle in the news items of the daily
France, for instance, takes *ht* "'"--
itt Germany in the i-ftce for superior
national strength. She Specializes In
aeronautics, and is at present said to
be almost as strong as the other European nations combined.
There is no need to go further, into
obvious details, but we must conclude
that It is regrettable tbat present
conditions make a military training
for the boy a necessity.
It is Incumbent on ua to help to
change these conditions as soon as
possible, by helping to counteract the
insidious propaganda of capitalists, by
which ls tried to prove that the working people living under different flags,
are natural enemies. Education as to
the economic basis of war, Ib the cure:
"Certain   if   knowledge   brings   the
That   knowledge   takes   the   sword
says Tennyson.
Tet our soldiers—sad thought—are
supposed traditionally to be incapable
of understanding. They are accustomed to think a la mode—in terms of
glory and duty; hence their willingness to become nonetittes, and to allow other men to decide for what particular cause they muet be ready to relinquish life or as it Is more grandiloquently called, "make the grand sacrifice."
"Their's not to reason why,.
Theirs but to do and die."
It never strikes them as a body that
they themselves In conjunction with
the mass of humaunlty ought to be
the arbiters of the neceaalty or other-
Wise of war. This would undoubtedly,
lead eventually to the United States of
Europe, and later to the "Federation
of the World."
It might also set free "The riches
of the Commonwealth—free strong
minds and hearts of health."
How different would the satisfaction of such a state be from the illu-
sionary pleasures supposed to follow
in the wake of war—a pleasure that
could only be considered such, by comparison with the horrors that preceded lt In the shape of death, devastation, mourning and woe; giving even
to the conquerors only a pyrrhlc victory, which after all is no victory at
This is what is to cheer the hearts
of the bereaved relatives.
They are to be overwhelmed by ecstasy on the sight of the grave of the
The little mound of earth that Ib usually associated with poignant grief Is
to be a substitute for the presence for
the longed-for personality.
"And so when the war Is over,
We'll seek for the wonderful one;
And maiden will look for her lover,
And mother will look for her son.
And there will be end to our grieving,
And gladness will gleam over loss
union and give It to another body organized to scab. Suppose we put it
another way: If it is right (or a union
of strike-breakers to fnuctlon in that
respect, then It is equally right for an
Individual to scab. The only difference between ithe mnn twho scabs
through ignorance and the man who
scabs under trade union auspices. Is
that the former is more to be pitied,
while the latter Is worthy of nothing
but contempt.
Surely this Ib a proper subject for
discussion by all loyal unionists, and
and the writer for one would Hke to
hear from others on the subject of
scab unions.
Stillwater, B. C„ July 22, 1823.
Btwy Use.. We*, sat lit Iranian
104 HORNBY ST. Opp. Oonrl Horn.
Building Pire-praof.    Tub ud Shower
Moderate Hatea
233 Abbott St.     Phono Bey. 5117
'As—glory beyond all believing,
We point—to a name on a cross.'.'
The name—the memory merely—of
him pf whom it. was said:
"Somebody eay. him fall,
Part of him miid, part of him blood,
The rest of him—not at all."
It ls part of my business to teach
occasionally brilliant youngsters ot
ten or twelve years of age.
When I see the affection lavished on
these by their parents; and when I
realize their sanguine hopes for the
future Implied in their earnest Inquiries concerning tlieir boys' welfare,
I can not help but be stricken at
times by something akin to grief,
knowing full well that as night fol-
lows day, so ln the fulness of time
shall many of these youths, in the
flrst flower of-their manhood be seen
to fall—'"part of them, mud, part of
them blood—and the reBt of them—
not at all."
'Just as plainly can I see, as I saw
in the last war, many mothors grieving
over their dead as they extend their
hands to heaven and wonder if there
is a Ood there.
Unthinking parents, Who took no
Interest ln the signs of the times, and
by Ignoring the conditions leading up
to war, are actually in part responsible for the same, and to a certain ex-
tent-to indirectly aid in the destruction of their own offspring.
If a boy must be trained for war,
then a' knowledgo of the economic
conditions that cause the same, would
enable him to regulate his actions in
accordance with the Interests of humanity,
He would recognize, and be a friend
of real democracy. .;(
He would be enabled to judge when
the time was ripe to establish lt.
His military training, reinforced by
a knowledge of his position in society
would inspire confidence In his fellow
man, a confidence that would necessarily result in a "united front," and
a united front is above alt things, tho
urgent necessity df the hour.
Portland, Me.—Sheet metal workers have secured a union shop agreement that continues ofr one year.
, All Suits
Oor. Homer and Hastingi
A Union Is What You Hake It
Some men imagine that a union
comes out of the sky, and that it is
made to order. ThlB Is a fallacy
which only active participation ln
unton affairs can destroy. Why not
be an active member, instead of a
Dinna Forget
■     A. ,..,....I     " !
37th Annual
Under Auspices of
St. Andrew's and
Caledonian Sooiety
Brockton Point Grounds
(Professional snd Amateur)
Etc., Ete
Hear the Massed Bands
on Parade
Kntry forms out, be bid on application from
634 Dunsmuir Straet.
Sounds Unreasonable
Children's  White Lace Running Shoes, _ to 10%.  Reg.
11.40, now 4Be
Olrla' White   Lace   Running
Shoee, 11 to 2.   Reg. J1.45.
Now  SOc
Women's White Lace Running
Shoes, 2<_ to 7.. Reg. $1.75.
Now   SOc
Boys'. Tweed  Bloomers, dark
pattern, full cut, 28 to 34.11.75
Men's and Boys' Knit Ties, in
nice, nifty patterns.    Reg.
75c, for  '.	
Men's Dress Shirts, from
  »1.25 to »2.5l|
Children's Wash Hats,
from  25c ull
Arthur Frith & Co j
Hen's and Boys' Furnish]
ings, Hats, Boots and Shoef
(Between 7th snd 6th Aranea)
Plump, Fairmont 4859
storry & Mcpherson
Upstairs at 868 ORANVILLE STBEET
Freeh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,]
Ornamental and Shade Treea, Seeds, Bull* Florfets' Sundries       '
Brown Brothers & Co, Ltd.
48 Haatings Streot East        J—STORES—_        SSS Oranvillo Street ;
Fourteen Passenger nnd Freight Steamers at your aervice.        1
Calling at all Northern B. C. Coast Point;, Lumber and Mining Camps]
Canneries and Pulp and Paper Mills, 1
For further particulars apply:
Phone Sey. SOS
to 18


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