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British Columbia Federationist Jun 22, 1923

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Array British cdlCUMBiA federationist
Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
$2.50 PER YEAR
| Labor Movement Interested
In Efforts to Secure
New Home
[Circus and Carnival Will Be
One of Best Staged
On Coast
The Queen contest of the Vancouver Tradea arid Labor Council Circus
(and Carnival, to be held from June
130 to July 7. at 'the old Recreation
[Park, corner of Smythe and Homer
I Streets, Is causing more than usual interest in the Labor movement.
This contest, being somewhat out of
the usual activities of the Labor move-
\ ment. while Us objective is the secur-
i ing ot funds for a new home for organized Labor, haB created an esprit
de corps ln the ranks of organized
' Labor ln the City of Vancouver, which
tends to not only secure the funds required,   but to  build  up  the  Labor
Six young ladies haVe already been
nominated for the honor of being,
"Miss Vancouver," and the winner of j
an automobile, the flrst prize,'which
will be presented to the winner on the
\ laat night of the carnival, when crown- ■
ed as Queen of the Carnival. |
The following are the names of the
contestants: Miss Jean Duncan, nomi-
I'nated by the Arctic Ice Cream Company; Miss Una Harris, nominated by
.the  Civil   Service;    Miss  Edmonson,
('nominated by the C. P. R, Social and
' Athletic Club; Miss Florence Lawton.
nominated  by Love's Cafe, a union
house;    Miss   Wells,   nominated   by
Cowan & Brookhouse, and .Miss Durham, nominated by the Ball-Campbell
Motor Company—the latter is a native of B. C, and was born in Nanai-
' mo.   All candidates are working hard
to secure the  flrst prize,  while  the
runners-up will be solaced with a diamond  ring for second  prize, and  a
wrist watch for the third.
In adidtion to tbe Queen contest,
there are special prizes for the. local
unionB selling the most admission
tickets, the prico of which Is 50 cents
for the entire week, and which will
T entitle the holder to admission to the
grounds at any time, unci also a chance
on a trip for two to Alnska or Los
The Circus and Carnival will be one
of the best ever staged on the Coast.
Horse jumping, trapeze artists, wild
animals features and all kinds of
special features will be staged, and
already there are several troups engaged, while negotiations for the finest attractions are being carried on.
The only thing needed at the moment,
Is the active support' of the unions,
and judging from the reports being
turned in, the first effort of the Trades
Council to stage a Circus and Carnival,
■ will be crowned with success, and the
necessary funds secured for a home
■>i organized labor owned and control-
1 led by the Vancouver Trades and La-,
bor Council. The slogan of the
unions is: We have built the homes
and the wealth of the cKy—help us
build our home."
The contest for queenshlp honors
turning in the highest number of
votes ln completed books, for the week
ending Saturday. June 23, not later
than 6 o'clock sharp, will be presented
with 5000 votes by the campaign
(Will Represent Local Print-
. ers Before Arbitration
R. P. Pettipiece. Labor Alderman
for the City of Vancouver, and presi-
* dent of the Vancouver Typographical
( Union, left on Tuesday afternoon for
Indianapolis, where he will represent
his organization before the International Arbitration Board.
It will be remembered that the
lpcal arbitration board gave an in-
, crease of wages to the newspaper men
> of Vancouver, but the employers ap.-
pealed against the decision. Efforts
were made to have. the imatter ad-
Justed, but they faield, and/ the whole
question has been refererd to the In
ternatlonal Board, composed of em
ployers and representative osf the
Typographical Union. The award
made by the local board, gave the day
men an Increase of $3.00 per week,
and night men $5.40, with a seven and
a quarter hour day. instead of seven
• and a half hour shift.
The members of the Typographical
Union employed on newspapers are
confident that the International Board
will uphold the decision of the looal
board, If furtb ar increases are not
ier Valley and Purity
dairies Grant Better
The Millj Salesmen and Dairy Employees have signed up a new agreement which provides better conditions to all employed In union dairies.
The agreement ls for one year, and the
firms signing the agreement areVhe
Fraser Valley Dairy Company and the
Purity Dairy.
The salesmen of these firms are all
union men; they appreciate the assistance which has been given them by
their customer?, and especially the aid
given them in their work by the
prompt payment for tickets, and the
regular return of the milk bottles.
Readers of The Federationist should
note that these are the only fair firms
dealing in milk, and other dairy produce, in spite of statements to the
contrary. Steves and the Valley dairies have been placed on the unfair list
by the Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council, and all organized workers
who recognize the necessity of the organization of the workers, no matter
in what industry they are .employed,
should help the firms which deal fairly with their employees.
A Union Is What You Make It
Some men imagine that a union
comes out of the sky, and that it is
made to order. This is a fallacy
which only active participation in
union affairs can destroy. Why not
be an active member, instead of a
Support the Carnival
If you want to see organized labor
In a home of its own, then support
the Circus and Carnival, which will
be held from June 30 to July 7.
Trades Council to Seek to
Have Island Disaster
i Investigated
The capltallBt clasB talks of principle, bnt acts on interest.
Local Unions Asked to Support Circus and
The Wallace drydock jop was again
referred to at the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council meeting on Tuesday night, when Secretary Bengough
stated that he had supplied the firm
with trade union rates of wages for all
crafts in the city connected with building and marine construction.
Delegate Flynn moved that the secretary be Instructed to get in touch
with the head of the Wallace Company, as only one engineer who. was a
member of the union was employed on
the job, and he was not receiving the
proper scale of wages, and that efforts
be made to have the committee appointed by the council to meet the representatives of the'company, with a
view of securing an adjustment. The
motion was carried.
Federatlonist to Bc Larger
Announcing that there would be an
increase of the size of The Federatlonist, from four to six pages, the
editor appealed to the representatives
of the unipns to supply news of their
organizations' activities, and also ac
tive support of the advertisers. He
also stated that if the workers would
follow up the efforts which were being made and which had resulted in
a paper of six pages being produced,
that an eight-page paper would be
printed within two weeks.
The Carnival and Circus, whieh is
being put on during the first week of
July, for the purpose of*raising funds
for a Labor Temple, was reported on
by the secretary, who stated that
tickets for the Queen contest, and for
the season's admission wero on sale,
and each delegate was urged to secure
a book or more of each of these tickets and sell them so that there would
be no doubt as to the success of the
Delegnte Showier stated that there
were prizes for the local unions selling
the most tickets, the first prize being
$75, and that the Milk Salesmen had
taken the stand that lf the employers
did want Labor to have a home, then
It was up to the-workers to see that
they got one.
.Delegate Herrett asked what atlrnc-
tions would be here, and the secretnry
informed him that there would be performing horses, trapeze troops and all
the other circus attractions, and that
it had been found that there was
plenty of locat talent available.
Tlie Bank Aot
A wire from Tom Moore, president
of the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada, asking what the opinion of
(Continued on pair* 1)
S^WtTcoUL oh~T^\
^t£E fitty/hin<t'.is
You—W r&o*.-
Do You Want a Bigger Federationist?
ANT readers of the Federationist were somewhat disappointed with the paper last week, owing
to the faot that there was more advertising than usual and less reading matter. Bat for a long
time the»Federationist has been seeking to secure sufficient business to warrant increasing the size of
the paper. This business has at last been secured, and this week's issue contains six pages and
more reading matter than it carried in the days when it was confined to four pages.
But the Federationist management is not yet satisfied. It is felt that withthe aid of the organised
labor movement, the paper can, in not more than two weeks, become an eight-page paper. But if the
readers want an eight-page paper, then they must get out and boost. Send in new subscriptions. Patronize the advertisers and tell them why you do so, and the larger and better paper ia assuerd. .But
it is up to our readers, for printing costs money these days. Working class propaganda is the need
of the moment, and it can only be carried on in a Labor paper, so if the Labor movement is prepared to aid in paying the printers' bills, the workers can get in their propaganda, but not otherwise.
Decide to Affiliate with the
Central Labor
With a charter on the wall, and all
supplies to hand, the Laborers Union
got away to a good start on Monday
night. Secretary Bengough, of the
Vancouver TradeB and Labor Council,
obligated the officers, and It was decided that the local should affiliate
with the Central Labor body, P. Floyd
and Q. Drayton being elected as delegates,
It was decided that the office of
financial secretary and that^of treasurer should be combined on the suggestion of the financial secretary,. J.
Sutherland, who tendered his resignation so that the'local could choose a
member to fill tho combined offlce.
His resignation wns accepted with regrets.
It was then moved that the recording secretnry. A. Padgham, be elected
to the position of financial secretary,
and a new recording secretary elected.
This motion was carried and G. Tether
elected as recording secretary.
Steps were taken to appoint shop
stewards to collect dues from members who were working at nights, and
could not attend the meetings'.
Complaints were made as to the
necessity of men being compelled to
stay all day around the government
employment bureaus, because men
who were not al the agencies were
being phoned to, the members taking
the stand that those who were prepared to go and see lf there was worl^
should be given tbe preference.
Secretary Bengough of thtf Trades
Council, suggested that a special appeal be made to the unions affiliated
with the Trades Council, to Hecure
fiew members for the organization,
and it was decided tbat this course.'tie
Tlio Ontario supreme court has
made permanent an Injunction preventing the City of Ottawa from voting money for a Lahor Day celebration, on the ground that such colebrn-
tion Is not a matter of national interest.
It Is not enough to be Industrious;
so are the ants. What are you Industrious about?—Thoreau.    ,
The latest runtrsttint tor tho Trades nnd
Labor Queen Content, nominated by the
Ball-Campbell Motor Co.
Help the 1-ahorcrs
You may be a skilled worker; you
may think that the common laboror
car\ not help you. Hut time and time
again it has been shown that the so-
called unskilled worker has been the
backbone of the efforts of tile skilled
workers In their efforts to secure better conditions. The moral Is, help the
Laborer organize, and by so doing,
buildS up the Labor movement so that
all may benefit.
JuneI'Mnil to June 20th
FRIDAY, June _!_!—Milk Salesmen and Dairy Employees,
Plumbers and Steamfltters.
E led ileal Workers, No, 310,
SUNDAY, June 24—Typographical Union,
MONDAY. Juno 25—Struclunil
Iron Workers. Electrical Workers, Nn. 310, Federal Labor
TUESDAY. June 26—City Firefighters, 10 a.m. nnd 8 p.m.,
Barbers, Machinists, No. 6fl2,
WEDNESDAY. June 27—Brlek-
THURSDAY. .Mine 28—Short
Metal Workers, Label Trades
Committoe, Steam and Opor-
1   ntlng Engineers. No. 8*14,
Election of Officers and Free
Raffle on Monday,
June 25th
Local 452 of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, will
hold its regular annual election of officers on Monday, the 25th. Amendments to the sick bylaws will also be
Introduced at this meeting, which will
be held on the Manufacturers Building. 900 Granville Street.
The free raffle for the car, owned
by the organization, will also be made
at this meeting, each member attending will receive a free ticket, and
those membors who have attended
the last two mootings should bring
along tho tickets they hnve already
received, as the holder of tho winning number must be prosent, and
hnvo his ticket with him, or another
drnw will be made.
Tbe candidates nominatod for olllce
to date arc: Business agent. Dunn,
Page and Thom; presidont. M. McKenzle und Dunn; recording sceretahy,
Page and Hardy; financinl secretary.
Nixon, Hardy, Page and Smith;
treasurer, Page; conductor. Dlckin-.
son. Thpm nnd Page; warden, Wells
and Pago; delegates to Trades nnd
Labor Council, Dodson. Tough, Wells.
Hardy, Page, Hatley, Thorn and Dunn;
sick committee, Ferretl, Edmonds,
Page, Wells and Hnrdy.
Nominations will, howovor, bo
opened on Monday noxt. and additional
candidates may bo choson. Each
momber should attond this moeting,
and tako pnrt In tho election of the
Officer?, and secure tho mnst capable
representatives to carry nn tbo work
of Ibo local.
>  ■ ■■!"-
i » i ■ mill ii m
Widespread Interest Shown
in Farmer Labor
[By H. M. Wicks[
Buffalo, N. Y.—The Central Labor
Council of.Buffalo has elected James
C. Campbell, chairman of the organization committee, to be its official re-j
presentations at the July third conference called to meet in Chicago by the
Farmer-Labor Party. Many local
unions will also send delegates to this
The wldespeard interest in independent political action of Labor created
ln this section of the country by the
decision of the Buffalo Central Labor
Council to launch a local Labor Party
to participate in the coming municipal
elections is the most encouraging
event of the decade, according to the
leaders of Labor here.
Campbell said, when questioned regarding the attitude of Buffalo Labor
toward the Chicago conference: "Buffalo is 100 per cent, for the conference, and we hope that out of this conference will oome the creation of a
genuine Labor Party, and not a hodgepodge of petty reformistic trappings
that would certainly shatter the hopes
of the hundreds of thousands of workers in the United States who are sick
and tired of the treachery of the Gompers policy of "Reward your friends
and punish your enemies.", We hope
this will be a straight Labor conference, embracing local unions, central
labor bodies and the various political
organizations of Labor in this country."
Local unions are electing delegates
to accompany Campbell to Chicago,
and this section of New York State
will have a representative delegation,
coming directly from the rank and flle
of Labor.
Minimum Wage Act Defeated by Employment
of Boys
Legislation Enacted to Protect Women Is
The Minimum Wage Law of British
Columbia, was expected to do much
for the women workers, but to date
the employers have done everything
possible to evade the act. Some time
ngo. it was pointed out that the employers were even going so fnr as to
employ boys when the girls in their
employ were eligible to demand the
minimum wage, as decided by the
Minimum Wage Board.
- That this practice is not confined to
British Columbia, is evidenced by a
news item from Ontario, which reads-*]
as follows:
"At the convention of lhe Women's
Educational Federation of Ontario on
May 24, at the Labor Temple, Hamilton, It was brought to their attention
that a Kingston firm was employing
young boys in an effort to defeat tbe
Ontnrio Minimum Wage Law for
girls. A resolution was adopted requesting the Ontnrio governmont to
Include boys within tbe scope of the
Minimum Wage Act."
Women's working class organizations in British Columbia might well
take this matter up, nnd the Vancouver Trades nnd Labor Council Is the
logical body to start tbe ball rolling,
and If the organizations affected by
the Minimum Wage Law will bring
the matter to the attention of tbe
Trade Union movemont, something
may be done to remedy the situation.
Help the LiilK-i-rrs
Yon may be a skilled worker; you
may think thnt thc common laborer
can not help you. But time and time
again It lias been shown that the so-
called unskilled workor has boen the
backbone of the efforts of the skilled
workers in their offorts to secure better conditions. Tbe moral is, help the
Laborer organize, and by so doing,
build up the Labor movement so that
all may'benefit
Two of the most prominent mon In
Italian-American public lifo havo volunteered their Ber vices to the Sacco*
Vniizetli defense committee in the
battle to savo Nicola Sacco and Barto-
lomon Vanzettl from the cloctrle
chair in Massachusetts. Thoy arc;
Senator S. A. Cottllo and Congress*
man P. If. Lalluardla. both of Now
York, Congressman LaOnardia offered bis services direct to the committee, while tho proffer of Senator
Cotlllo comes through II ''onion*
d'Ametjra, the most influential Italian
newspnper in thc United States.
.New York—An anti-union policy at
lho Bush terminal has forced 350
clerks and freight handlers to suspend
work. They are memberi! of the
Brotherhood of Railway and Steamship Clerks ami Freight Handlers,
Irving T. Bush Is president of the terminal company, and also president of
the Stato Chamber of Commerce.
West Virginia Labor Paper
; Scores A. F. of L.
Calls for Political  Action
on  Part  of
The following editorial is reprinted
from the West Virginia Federatlonist
of June 7. The West Virginia Federation of Labor hns officially endorsed
the formation of a Labor Party.
Rewarding Our Knemlew
"Back in 1898, organized labor of
West Virginia joined with Labor's
forces in a national campaign to politically "rebuke our enemies and reward our friends," and since then has,
with marked regularity, succeeded in
'punishing its friends and rewarding
its enemies.' to such an extent that
during that period the .statute books
have been loaded with laws granting
special privileges to the czars of big
business, until today Labor, in many
sections of West Virginia, is being
denied the right of free speech and
free assemblage, and are ruled with
an iron hand by the taskmasters who
own and control the public officials
whom Labor from time to time elect
to office on the old party tickets, by
following the hocus pocus Bystem of
rewarding their friends and defeating
their enemies which, with an unvarying exactness, results in the political
bosses putting over that ancient game
of 'heads I win, tails you lose.'
"During these years of Labor's somnambulistic state, the gunman guard
system has grown and flourished like a
green bay tree, the Cossack system
has been added as n companion crime
ngainst the workers, the injunction
judges have out-Oeorged King
Qeorge, the machinery of State hns
acted like a Jumping jack when the
string has been pulled by the industrial overlords when they needed official sanction for strike-breaking and
other oppressive methods to wreck
the Labor unions or force the workers Into subjection to their tyrannical will.
"All of those things and many more
of similar churocter have been presented Lnbor by the bosses of tbe old
prostituted politicnl parties for their
loyalty and allegiance In perpetuating
them In office while engnged in thnt
most delectable political shell game
of 'rebuking their enemies and rewarding their friends.'
"When will organized Labor nrou(|»
I'rnm its political stupor and stop its
rainbow chnslng, and unite for politicnl action and administer a stinging
rebuke to the political crooks and
grafters thnt have so long betrayed
the working class and robbed them
of their birthright? ,
"Industrinl freedom and socinl justice can only be attained through the
intelligent use of the ballot by the
workers and farmers of this country,
united in a political pnrty, separate
and apart from the two old delusions
who have so long misruled tho nffnlrs
of tbe State and nation, and misrepresented tho masses of the people,
|4nd bowed nt tho shrine of tbe money
marls of,the world."
I am unaware of anything that has
a right to be cnlled an Impossibility.—
Thomas B. Huxley.
Heard  III  British  House
I congratulate the now prime minister, but I shall do tny best to "frustrate his policies" nnd to "confound
his knavish tricks."—Mr. Ramsay
Growing   Organization   to
Choose Representatives
on 28th
Local 844 of the Steam and Operating Engineers, continues to mnke
progress. When the initiation fee was
raised from $2 to %U. It was thought
by some, that the number of new
mombors coming In would bo decreased, but tho reverse is the case, and
new members nre initialed at evory
The referendum on the question of
increasing the dues was opened on
Thursday night,' when nomination's
for officers for the new term made,
the results boing loo late for publication In The Federationist, whicli goes
to press beforc the Engineers' hour
of meeting;, Tlio election of officers
will be held on Thursday, the 28th,
nnd all members are urged to attend
the mooting, and select thc best possible material in the locnl as officers
and representatives!
According to n Paris message to
tho Federated Daily Mail, an agreemont between French iron masters
and Ciorman coal owners, under which
thc Fronch will obtain a half-interest
In a Ruhr-Lorraine steel trust, Is now
Patronize Federatloniat advertisers. PAGE TWO
fifteenth year, no. 25 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver,
Published every Friday morning: by The B. C. Federationist
Business Offlce: 1129 Howe Street
Editorial Offlce: Room 306—319 Pender Streot West
Editorial Board: P. Ii. Bengough, R. H. Neelands, J. M.
Clark, George Bartley,
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, 13.00 per
year: Canada, (2.50 per year, 11.50 (or six months: to
Unions  subscribing  in   a  body,   16c   per   member  per
Unity of Labor: The Hope of the World
..June 22, 1923
Property Interests and the Defeat
of the City Bylaws
rvNCE AGAIN thc city electorate has turned
^down all the money bylaws advocated for the
purpose of securing greater facilities for the city.
With the protcetion of property, which is not
owned by thc working class, we have no concern,
but we do recognize that the crowded conditions of
the schools is a matter of moment to the members
of thc wealth producing class. It is the children of
this class which suffer from overcrowding.
*        *. *
A survey of the vote east, will show that property rules in Vancouver. The greatest vote cast
against the bylaws, was in the west end, aud in the
centre of the city, where the property interests are
located, and this has always been the ease. Schools
are expensive things, and in these days of business
depression, the cost of educating the children of
the working class is looked upon as a burden by
the larger property owners; the smaller ones havo
their troubles, but they are not usually interested in
the education of future slaves, and vote as their
economic position determines, which is as a rule,
one of penury.
It has, however, been suggested that turning the
bylaws down was a vote against the civic administration. This may have had something to do with
the state of mond of the electors, who witnessed
the city council haggling over whether the eity
should do its own work, or pay contractors for doing it.
Contractors are in thc game for what there is in
it. The question of service does not enter into the
situation, as the following information, gleaned
from the Glasgow Forward, will show :
Swansea was faced with a housing problem; it
was decided to build houses for the people, and
eventually it was considered that the best way
would be to let the municipal administration carry
on the work. This was done, with the following
The local builder wanted £1150 per house, and
also demanded an allowance to be made in case
of a rise in prices of building materials and increases in wages. Building materials and
wages did rise, by leaps and bounds, which the
contractor was astute enough to anticipate.
We know now what the rise iu prices and
wages amounted to per house, for the figures
have been carefully calculated by the Borough
Architect. He tells us that "the inerease in eost
of labor and materials during the period" is
8246 per house. So, had the Housing Committee accepted the tender offered by the loeal
builder, which it should be borne in mind was
the only alternative to direet administration,
the houses would have cost £1396 (£1150 plus
£246) each.
The Corporation would have paid the- contractor, therefore for the 150 houses, a total of
The actual cost by direet administration, according to the figures supplied b.v the Borough
Architect, as we have shown above, was £138,-
246.   Let us put it in the form of((a little sum:
Contractor's price  £209,400
Actual cost  138,246
Saving to Ratepayers £ 71,154
*        *        #
If the administration of the City of Vancouver
is not efficient, we would suggest that more Labor
men be sent, so that the idea of cutting out contractors' profits might bc further advanced, as
done by Alderman Pettipiece, when he demanded
that the city do its own trucking, and by that
method bring to thc attention of the people some of
the evils of the present method of production and
wage slavery. It will not hurt a bit to demonstrate
thc fact that the operation of industry can be carried on much more efficiently by the working class
than thc present ruling class. It might also be
pointed out that if the ruling class was able to
save a little, they might bc able to pay for the mis-
edueation of their future slaves, the benefit of
whieh, from a working class viewpoint, is doubtful
Miners' Safety and the Minister
of Mines
OBSCURE news items often show just what is
happening in thc world. They at limes, also
show, just what thc workers in various local areas
are faced with, and one such news item came to
our attention recently. This item dealt with the
inspection of Vancouver Island mines, which the
minister of mines was supposed lo be making.
The news item referred to, and dated June 18th,
reads as follows:
The coal mines of Vancouver Island are
being subjected to a speeial inspection of Hon.
William Sloan, ministor of mines, and his chief
inspector, Mr. George Wilkinson.   Last Thurs-
FRIDAY June 22, 1928
day they went through the underground workings at Cassidy and- Granby. Pour hours were
spent in touring the north and south levels,
both the minister and accompanying officials
being specially interested beeause of the
"blow-outs" which occur from time to time
in this mine.
This disturbing factor has to be carefully
watched by the management, both for the protection of life and in order that operations
may bc maintained. They have been the cause
of the passing of special regulations by the
department of mines. Not long prior to Mr.
Sloan's visit there was an outburst which dislodged four hundred tons of coal.
Subsequently Mr. Sloan inspected the No. 1
colliery plant and mine at Extension and
later on he ealled at the Lanzville colliery,
Nanoose Wellington Company, making a tour
of the underground workings. It is his intention to take in other of thc important island
coal mining operations next week.
It is not the intention of the Federationist to
act as a carping critic, but if the minister of mines
has the ntercsts of the miners at hoart, or can
oven see the danger which thc miners face every
day in their daily toil, he will recognize that the
blowouts referred to are a constant menace to the
miners. He will also recognize that the Cumberland disaster could have been averted if proper
precautions Jiad been taken, and production not
have taken precedence over the safety of the
miners who died that profits might be made for,
the colliery owners. In the meantime, ve are
wondering if the government of which the Hon.
Mr. Sloan is a member, will sec that a real investigation is made into the Cumberland disaster, thc
whitewashing' report ditched, and the miners at
Cassidy Siding safeguarded. But we have our
doubts; Mr. Sloan may be minister of mines, but
we doubt if he has the knowledge of the danger
which the miners face daily, and if he has, his
activities do not show that he wishes to protect
the miners, but his concern is produetion and property. The minister of mines can show the workers
where he stands by actions, not by obscure press
notices, no doubt inspired by political considerations ;. in thc meantime, the miners are unorganized, and this may have something to do with the
situation.   Time will show.
Labor, the Farmers and the Cry
of "Labor Shortage"
•THIE INCESSANT propaganda of thc representa**
lives of the ruling class for more immigrants,
and the inculcation-of the idea .that there is a labor
shortage in this country, is so nauseating to the
thinking person, that the very intent is being defeated by the efforts being made to reduce wages
by an influx of labor from Europe.
* *       #
The Canadian National Railroad is supposed to
be owned by the people of this country, and the
Dominion government is also credited witk having
information as to the labor situation in the various
districts, yet officials of this road are proclaiming
to the world that there will be a labor shortage in
Canada this year.
* #        ♦
The large crop which is expected on the prairies,
and which may never be reaped because of a lack
of markets, is supposed to be the big factor in the
situation. But the farming proposition in Canada
is one which will bear a little examination.
In the spring of the year, when seeding is being
done, there is a demand for men. In the fall, when
the crops are ripe, there is another demand—but
what of the intervening period? Ther.e are thousands out of work in the cities every spring and
fall. That this fact is recognized by the government, can be seen in the activities of the departments of Labor in the provinces, and also the Dominion department at these times, when men are
secured from the cities to either aid in the seeding
oprations, or in the harvest time.
* #        #
But the dear farmer is not being considered in
this campaign for more t immigrants. It will be
noticed that the farmers arc not hollering their
heads off for more help, but it is the industrial capitalists who are raising the shortage of labor cry,
and the intent is to secure an overstocked labor
market for two purposes, to bring down the price
of agricultural products, and as the farmer is a
worker, and his hired help is in as good a position
as the average prairie farmer, to reduce his income,
and to reduce the wages of the city worker—the
latter being the primary objective, Thc farmer
and the city worker may not appear to have anything in common, but the exploitation of both by the
capitalist class, and the only solution to both of
their problems, is a recognition of the class struggle
by both sections of the working elass, and a fusion
of political activity.
The request of the Laborers Union for support
should receive the hearty response of every union
in the eity. Each member of organized Labor can
aid this young organization, by seeing that wherever he meets a laborer, that he urges him to join
the Laborers Union,
The city, for municipal election purposes, is to be
divided into eight wards, and proportional representation is to bo dropped. As the franchise on
money bylaws is a property one, there is no kick
coining from the workere as to how the money
shall bc spent, but when it comes to representation,
tiie workers can, if they will, sweep thc city, and
the other part of the business ean then bc cared for.
[By W. J. Curry]
niVINE HEALING Is a relic of the
primitive concept of disease. It
originated from the belief that good
and evil spirits were ever at war to
bring good or evil to man. Good
with an "o" omitted spells "God," and
evil is but "devil." with the prefix
"d." God is the personification of
good, and devil of evil, and this idea
Is common to all races.
It has been always believed that
good or Divine spirits could be induced to expel the evil spirits of disease, and according to the Gospels,
one of tl^e chief occupations of Jesus
and His disciples was casting out devils. Modem science has now solved
the problem of the origin and evolution of gods and devils and ghosts _n
general—good and had. flerbort
Spencer, Grant Allan and others, have
shown very clearly by their scientific
methods of research, how the Ideas of
a spirit world originated, through
dream experiences in the savage brain.
It was their way of accounting for
Phenomena, and lo primitive man,
religion and philosophy were one.
Knwing nothing of the cause of
natural forces, our ancient forebenrers
believed that movement implied
personal mover, tlie reflections in
pools, echoes thrown back from cliffs
and shadows which followed men,
were believed to be doubles, the spiritual part of man.
Primitive man" postulated a great
aiid beneficent mover of the sun, the
source, of light, and we see in Christianity today remnants of this universal basis of- theology or sun worship,
and of belief in spirits, and in a future
life for man. When primitive man
slept, he dreamed that he could travel
through space, and in his dreams he
sometimes saw, or talked, or fought
with his dead friends or foes, and yet
during this time his body remained
asleep. This dream experience is universal, and was accepted by the savage as evidences of a spilrit realm,
and that when he slept his spirit or Invisible part could leave his body, when
he died the spirit did not return, or it
might sometimes return, and so the
Egyptian priests embalmed their dead
in expectation of the soul's return,
and every Sunday morning and evening in the established church f Great
Britain, the congregation repeats this
"I believe in the resurrection of the
body, and the life everlasting."
Tho   Sub-conscious   Mind,    Also   the
Dream Mind
The sub-conscious mind is thut
which operates under hypnotism, and
also in dreams when we sleep, Just
as a subject of hypnotic suggestion
may be told that he ls a dog or a sack
of flour and believes lt, so he will ac
cept the most absurd and impossible
ideas as facts. This fact explains the
absurdities of certain religious phenomena here today, A trance medium
is the subject of auto-suggestion, when
they tell us of spirits present, and give
"messages" from the dead. A delirious victim of alcoholic spirits whose
reasoning powers are suspended, may
see devils and snakes subjectively, and
the person in a natural sleep may see,
or experience In dreams the most Impossible and ridiculous things, and he
at the time accepts these impressions
as reasonable and true, We all have
experienced this.
Modern science declares that these
ancient operations of the sub-conscious mind In,dreams, was the birthplace of what Is termed supernatural
religion, ancient a'nd modern, heathen
and Christian, and that the ancient
medicine man and his work has,
through hopes and fears, priestcraft
and creduallty evolved into the great
priesthoods and Imperialistic theologies which in times past made and
unmade kings and empires, yet the
germ from which they all developed
waa but the dream experiences of primitive mnn, formulating theories and
struggling for life and striving to understand.
We therefore find a certain consistency in the fact that the Rev. Price,
a "Doctor of Divinity," operated on
the sub-conscious mind and Invoked
spiritual powefs fn his method of
healing the sick.
It is plain that no system of spiritual or mental healing, whether ancient or modern, acknowledges the
real cause of disease, and without
this, how is It possible to free humanity from mental or physical Ills?
And the same may be said of other
systems of treating disease. The majority of these are Just as ridiculous as
the sacrifices and ceremonies of the
ancient priests, or the application of
holy oil by our spiritual healers of today. After all suggestion 3P psychotherapeutics must be extremely limited In value, nnd can do little more
than cure imaginary ailments, and
relieve functional disorders. The real
cure for the physical, mental and
moral Ills of our race is to remove
the cause, and.an honest investigation
of this subject shows us these causes
are mainly social and economic, and
back of that wo flnd Ignorance, organized and perpetuated by our spiritual und economic masters.
We are today tinkering with symptoms. For Instance, the writer is engaged in patching certain organs of
mastication, and supplying artificial
substitutes, while hundreds of thousands of men and women are engaged
with the snme work, yet in spite of
this, the teoth of our race are rapidly
deteriorating. The cause of this social disease is not touched. When
millions of men, women and children
aro not supplied with proper food, or
tho necessities of life, and when millions of thom are overworked, when
minions of tho exploiting classes are
cursed with Idleness and luxury, how
can wo oxpect social health?
If social economic conditions, lf su
perstitious, religious or political are
being perpetuated and organized by
the masters of our intellectual and
material forces, how can we expect to
have social harmony, until these conditions are removed, until the victims
of thfa injustice understand and apply
that knowledge.
Next week the subject will be:
"How Can Communism Bring Health
and Happiness to Our Race?"
Support for Labor
Members Is Urged
(Continued from Page 1)
organized labor with respect to the
revision to the Bank Act, In Vancouver would be, was read along with the
reply of the secretary, which reads as
"Organized labor in this district
favors thorough revision before renewal of bank franchises."
The action of the secretary In replying as abovo was endorsed.
Delegate McDonald, of the Label
Trados Committee, reported that the
dances in the past season woro a success, and that the balance after all
expenses had been paid, had been
handed over to tho building fund of
the council. He paid a special tribute
to the work of Delegate Herrett on
that committeo, and Dolegato Showier
moved a vote of thanks to the committee for the work done, which was
adopted without dissension.
Delegate Herrett asked that the
committee he given power to add a
number of delegates from the label
trades, to this committee, and his request was granted, and a speciul general meeting of the committee with
the new delegates will be held on
Thursday, June 28.
Congress Committee Report
Tho Trades Congress convention
committee, through Secretary Brooks,
reported progress, and that the attorney general had been Interviewed,
with the object of securing a donation
from the Provincial government.
The Painters' delegates suggested
that Delegates Nixon and Pettipiece
take up the question of wages being
paid to painters on Exhibition Board
work, and complained that the city
was not paying the scale.
Reports of unions Indicated that
there is still much unemployment ln
Vancouver, Iron Workers reporting
only nine members working, while the
Stage Hands roported twenty men out
of work.
Milk Drivers and Dairy Employeos
reported that new agreements had
been Bigned up with the Fraser Valley
Dairy and the Purity. Dairy, and that
considerable Improvement in conditions had been secured.
Appeal for Laborera
A special appeal was made by the
Laborers delegates,- who asked all
building and construction unions to
see that the laborers became members
of the unskilled workers union. Thia
appeal was endorsed by the council,
and the delegates asked to refer the
matter to the local unions.
The Sheet Metal Workers announced that efforts were being made to
secure an increase ln wages.   .
Under the head of Good and Welfare, Delegate Floyd urged the support of organized labor for the Labor
members of the Provincial House, so
that the miners on Vancouver Island
could be protected. He specifically
referred to the article which appeared
In The FederationiBt on this, subject,
and suggested that the Labor organizations should- strengthen the hands
of the three Labor members by sending resolutions on the need for a real
Investigation of the Cumberland mine
Two  notices  of  motion   to  amend
the constitution were brought before
the council, both dealing with amendments made when the split ln the Labor movement occurred in- the year
1919, the flrst one was to eliminate
clause 2 of section 3, which reads:
"Any delegate presenting himself
or herself for admission must show
credentials  signed  and  sealed   by
the  secretary or other authorized
officer  of   his  or  her  Union,   and
must furnish proof that he or she
has been a member In continuous
good standing ln his or her organization for at least one (1) year, at
the  time  the  credentials are presented, excepting recently chartered organizations."
The second reading of the amendment was carried.
The second amendment sought was
to delete the following section of article 8:
"The Council reserves the right at
all times to refuse acceptance of the
credentials of any delegate whose
previous conduct has been detrimental to the welfare of the International Trade Union movement."
After considerable debate and
heated arguments as to the counting
of the vote, which was taken
three times, the following votes being
recorded fn sequence: First vote, for,
28 to 18; second vote, 29 to 21 and the
final vote being 32 to 23 against, ft
was decided that the matter should be
referred to a referendum of the afflliated unions for a decision as to a
two-thirds vote of the council fs necessary to amend the constitution.
Delegate Nixon urged thnt all efforts be made to offset the propaganda
of the employers, which Is designed to
induce Immigrants to come to Canada,
as he stated there were numbers out
of work all over the country, and
there was no shortage of men.
Owing to tho Circus and Carnival
being held on the date of the next
moeting of the counoil, it was decided
that the meeting of the council be
held on the second Tuesday of July.
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Bathing Suits
For Women, Misses and Children
"PHE smartest are knitted of pure wool in colors as
•*■ vivid as you like or tones that are more subdued.
These are properly fashioned suits, perfect fitting-
designed to give the greatest degree of comfort and
most satisfactory service.
Women's Bathing Suits at $3.75 to $6.75.
Children's and Misses' Bathing Suits for ages 6 to
14 years at $3.75 to $4.25.
Bathing Suits for littlo tots of 2 to 5 years at $1.75
Women's Bathing Caps at 25** to $2.50.
Children's Bathing Caps at 25«J to $1.50.
Children's Bathing Shoes at 50«* to 95$.
—Drysdale's Sports Shop, Third Floor, and Junior Shop,
Second Floor.
575 OranvUle Street
Phone Seymour 8640
Oakland, Cal.—The plghteeh convontion of the Amalgamated Association of Street and Electrio Railway
Employees of America will convene
in this city on September 10 next.
Why Let George Do It
If you do not attend your union
meetings and the other fellow does,
why kick. He is doing the best he
can. "Why complain because Qeorge
does lt.    Why not do it yourself?
Chicago—The secretary of the city
council high cost committee urges
women to boycott sugar. He calls it
"reducing the consumption of sugar."
He says there are 564,000,000 lbs. of
sugar stored in one warehouse In this
Ring up Phone Seymonr _8_-
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Salt-.   SOI   Dominion   Bulldlnf
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federationist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
"From Maker to Wearer"
The great ind Increasing popularity ot the
'Famous' direct veiling policy proves its
Wo have always at hand the season's newest
modes,  tha  products   of onr own  factory,
every garment the highest fn quality at a
minimum price.
Tht 'Famout' can effect real economies
for TOU.
Famous -SS^t**
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
MI-MI UttnpeUtu BalMlag
~   "   I It W. VABOOHVBB. B. O.
: Btymatr MM art IHt
Drugless Healing
1HAVE proved to hundreds of set*
lifted patients that in Ehetuna*
tl«n. Sciatica, Lumbago, Lhi of Manhood, Oeneral DeblQty tnd many
otber diseues, ray methodi bare get
permanent Manila where all other
methods have failed. "Onr treatment
ll absolutely PAINLESS; having
had many years of PRACTICAL experience, we have the knowledge that
only PRACTICAL experience ean give.
Downie Sanitarium
314 Standard Bank Bldg,
Sey. 603, High. 2134L
We represent the American University
of Sanipraetic, Seattle, Wash.
1180 Owrgta Stmt
. Bandar urricH, 11 ..to. and 7:10 pji.
Bandar sohool immediately following
morning iirriet. Wednesday t.ltlmoni-J
?««n». 0 p.m. tree reading room.
-0M>0S Birks Bldg.
B. r. Harrison 8. A. tm,
Phoa. rumen. M
Order Gallon Jar (or your parties and danoea.
Pbone, Hlgbland SO.
Cigar Store
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modem
Ratea Renaonable
"A Good Plaoe to Eat"
ibb nro_H____ra valdb or rora
YOUB telephone I. of greater value a.
eaoh month got. by.   With a atudy
Inoreaa. In th. number ot new telephono.
Ka >» constantly abl. to talk with a
V« number ol people.    Thi. .pplioi
io different yarn et tie proline..
It mean, to th. buiineu man tbat h.
Js la eloie touoh with mon people. Aa
erery tolephono la a long distant. Me.
phone, anyone on ths Lower Mainland or
vanoouver Island may bs reached at a
moment's  notice.    The  conversation  ia
direet, the reply instant.
Don't overlook' tho cheaper night
ratea. Between 7 pjn. and 8 a.m. you
get three tlmea th. day period at th.
aame price.
Two Short Words, Bridging tto Golf Between
lh. "BAIMT DAT." .*n*m* **nt * m** n* nm en
W. BraOHOLT BIOOintlRD yoa ta .Urt anek an aeeonnt AT ONOB,
at on. ol our Olty Brauehea
HAS TOCOS and SBTKOBB... <Ho. g. Har-lHn. ______»
Oordon aad Abbott _____ and «.1_ Av.. ——-Tt—SSay
Union Bank of Canada lIDAX.
..June 22, 1(23
[To All Members of
Organized Labor
| TAKE NOTICE the undersigned houses employ
Union help, and are entitled to your patronage
Boy's Lunch
Martinique Oafe
Jim's Lunch
Acme Oafe
Avalon Oafe
Love's Oafe
OranviUe Lunoh
New Delmonioo Oafe
Vanoouver Hold Waiters
Orpheum Oafe
Standard Oafe
Lodge Oafe
Morris Lunoh
Oood Eats
Pender Oafe
Oourley Waffle House
Moonlight Oafe
Oaks Oafe
Palace Oafe
Busy Bee
Kings Oafe
Wonder Lunch
Oyster House
The Only Oyster House
Empire Oafe
Broadway Oafe
Golden date Oafe
Victoria Oafe
Eastern Oafe
Marine Oafe
P. 8.—All others are unfriendly with organized labor.
441 Seymour Street. Phone Seymour 1681.
Cefrigerator Cabinets
i These combined Refrigerators and
tteben Cabinets are left on onr hands
id will be cleared at a great saorifloe.
ev combine the advantages of Kitchen
ttinet and Iee Box, and have the follow*
; conveniences: Metal Hour bin, metal*
-ed bread drawer, utensil and cutlery
•aware, sliding curtain doors, white por*
'ain enamel baking board 48 in. by 27
i large centre ice compartment and two
rid compartments.
Housewives and those intending to
illd should see these Cabinets, aa they
be cleared at little more than the
r.je of an ordinary kitchen cabinet.
I These Cabinets are equipped with rust-
Ins hardware and glass drawer and door
Robertson & Hackett
Sash and Door Co.
Limited  .    .
i End Granville Street Bridge
Support tbe Carnival
If you want to see organized labor
in a home of lta own, then support
the Circus and Carnival, which will
be held from June 30 to July 7.
The Senate and Immigrants
Yon may wish to help The Peder-
atlonist. Yon ean do so by renewing
your subscription promptly and sending In the subscription of yonr friend
or neighbor.
I Monday
I Wednesday
Mon., Sat.
Mon., Wed., Sat.
Wed,, Sat.
Ited.., June 6th, 8:00 p.m.
and Fortnightly thereafter.
tourist and Travel Bureau
527 Granville Street
r Hon., Ws*. aad Sat. Efaninji
laoEVBT si.       opp. atari hmm
la that fair dealing?   When many a
poor family mnst par mon because
they ara not ta tn association.   Wt
charge on* fair price to all.
Men's Sporting Boots, with suction sole and ankle guard....$2.85
Men's Oxblood Lace Boots, with
genuine oak sole $5.95
Men's Invisible Suspenders, SOc
and 75c.
Men's Khaki Cloth Hats,  with
side ventilators, at $1.75
Canvas Oloves, leather lined 45c
Boys'    Balbriggan    Underwear,
per suit, nt 95c
Boys' Khaki Knickers, 22 to 32,
at    95c
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnish',
ings, Hats, Boots and Shoes
(Betwara Ttk aal ith Araui)
Phone, Fairmont 488-
Brighouse Park
Saturday, June 30 to Saturday July 7 (Inc.)
CLUB-HOUSE—A limited number of
badges will be sold entitling one gen*
tleman with one lady guest to all privileges ot Club-house and Course, 14
X $2S
BOX   SEATS—Reservations   now   received.
Single Seat Daily f 1.00
Entire Box Daily (6 seats)...;.. 5.00
Entire Box 7 days <0 seats).... 30.00
General admission, Including the
Grandstand   $1,05
Paddoek  (Daily  Badge)  SOc
All raits Include tax—Free List entirely suspended.
Farther Information Apply
Brighouse Park Limited
Phont Beymour BOSS
001 Standard Bank Building, Vancouver. B. O.
*esh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florets' Sundries
Irown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
I Haatinga Street East        2—STORES—2        SSS Oranvllle Street
ey. D88-072 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. (MS-IS.!
STOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
McClary's, Pawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
tree by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.   Cash or
I&2.00 per week.
lanada Pride Range Company Ltd.
[By J. S. Woodsworth]
A FEW weeks ago the minister ot Im-
migration Introduced an amendment which, ai amended in the Houae
of Commons, did away with the most
obnoxious features In the Immigration Act, and secured for British-born
people the right to trial by Jury. This
was not all that we asked for, but It
gave at least a meaaure of relief.
It would now seem, however, that
this clause is to be thrown out by the
Senate, In the debate which took
place on Hay 21, the Hon. Mr. Schaffner stated: "The leaders of the Btrike
in Winnipeg were Scotchmen, or at
least were from the British Isles."
Perhaps the attitude of the upper
chamber was best revealed in the
statements of Mr. Fowler. He might
According to the Senate Hansard, the
almost be called a Canadian Fascist.
Hon. Mr. Fowler said: "As a matter
of fact, these agitators trom the British Isles are the most dangerous wa
have, ... It strikes me that tha
procedure should be quick and silent.
As soon as a man lays himself open to
the law, he should be grabbed and
thrown incontinently out ot the country without any trial or anything else.
I would not give any trial to such men
or any chance to defend or anything
In speaking of Bruce, who has recently been arrested because of something he ls reported to have said at
Glace Bay on May Day, Mr. Fowler
said we should "teach these brutes
that they can not come Into the country and Insult its flag. The only treatment they can understand ls force—
that is the thing they are advocating,
and their own remedy should be supplied to them to shut their blatant
mouths." From the evidence which
will be presented at the trial, we may
learn what Bruce actually said. It Is
very doubtful indeed whether he said
anything one-half so dangerous to the
welfare of the country as these words
uttered on the floor of the Senate
An immense amount of very Interesting Information comes incidentally
In the replies which are given to the
questions asked ln the House. In response to a question with regard to
the years of service, the date of retirement, the annual pension and
leave of absence of General Fiset, ex-
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
**deputy minister of mllltla.    The department of National Defence replied:
1. Major-General Sir Eugene Fleet
la an officer of the permanent active
mllltla, who ls seconded therefrom for
duty with the civil service; Mb retirement Is not as a member of the civil
aervice, but as a member of the permanent active mllltla ,and haa been
based on a total serxlce of thirty years
and 220 days.
2. General Fleet's salary aa deputy
minuister and vice-president defence
council is 110,500 per annum. The
date of Gen. Fleet's retirement on pension, under the Mllltla Pension Act,
will be April 1, 1923. The annual
pension payable on his retirement will
be 5686.19 per annum, to be inereaaed
after 3-17/665 years by 188.81 when
unpaid pension dues for service in
South Africa will have been paid, and
after 2 179/366 yeara by 1625.00 when
all unpaid pension dues will have been
3. Owing to the aerlous Impairment of his health due to overwork
during the late war, General Fleet's
medical advisors insisted upon an absolute severance from hla public duties. He was therefore granted one
year's sick leave with pay from Nov.
1, 1922, which leave, owing to General
Fiset'a condition at the present time,
haa been extended to the 81st March,
Many would wonder why there ls
one rule for the officers and an alto>
gether different one for the privates,
why the board of Pension Commissioners fs so niggardly when on the
other hand the officers receive such
generous treatment.
Everywhere one Is met with the
most violent contrast. A few days
ago ln passing estimates, one item
provided 310,000 for the upkeep of
the Governor General's cars. About
the same time, I had a letter from a
poor girl who has a deformed foot
She had been unable to purchase a
surgical boot, but fortunately had received one as a gift from her mother
In England. Yet on this gift she waa
required to pay duty. Under the circumstances, I was able to get this
charge refunded, but the big question'
still remains, why should ten thousand
ordinary folk dig Into their pocketa to
pay this extravagant charge of $10,000
for" this one item of the upkeep of the
cars of one individual.
Labor Members of Parliament Ask Why
Unemployment in Canada Prevails
'THE following are excerpts (rom theYbut because they havo
* speech of J. S. Woodsworth on the | with some start they hi
"Then we find this situation: Illimitable natural resources in Canada, No
one doubts it. It is not necessary to
go Into an enumeration of what they
are. Further, we are well equipped
with an elaborate system of production and distribution; we are, on a
whole, an industrious and resourceful
people, and yet for some mysterious
reason we have unemployment on the
part of a considerable section, anxiety
on the part of a still larger group,
and general dissatisfaction. What do
we flnd the government offering us in
view of all these circumstances? Well,
tney are taking a tax oft candles and
putting a little higher duty on raisins.
Ib that a proper solution for the immense problem that we face at the
present time?
I should like tonight, as well as I
may, to present this question from
the viewpoint of labor. We have had
the problem outlined this afternoon
from the viewpoint of the farmer. Labor, as yet, in this country, is poorly
organized politically. We are very few
in number In this House, and yet it Is
clearly manifest to all that labor is by
no means negligible numerically
across the country, and one day its
voice will be heard more effectively
than lt Is today.
"It has been said in the past that
Socialism, whether of a co-operative
variety, or the Fabian type* or state
Socialism, was altogether an academic
question. Someone stated on the
floor of the House the other day that
It would never flnd any place In any
Anglo-Saxon country. Wc can not be
quite so sure of that when it hns become a matter of practical politics In
Great Britain. A few weeks ago the
following resolution whs introduced
into the British House of Commons
as an amendment, I believe, to the
'"That In view of the failure of the
capitalist system to adequately utilize
and organize natural resources and
productive power, or to provide the
necessary standard of life for vast
numbers of the populations, and believing lhat the cause of this failure
lies In the private ownership nnd control of the means of production and
distribution, this House declares that
legislative effort should be directed to
the gradual supersession of the capitalist system by an Industrial and social order, based on the public ownership and democratic control of the Instruments of production nnd distribution.'
"Let mo pauso for a moment to
suggest that whilst we In Canada have
not had, In tho past, the vast differences between the very wealthy and
the very poor, there hus undoubtedly
been created, especially since the war,
an ever widening gap, between those
who live by owning and those who
work for thoir living. 1 know thnt we
are still In the first generation of
those who have earned largo fortunes. I know perfectly well thn; ft
good many of those who arc wealthy
today have worked as hard Oij anyone, perhaps harder, and yet lh*. fact
remains that their wealth hus come
to thom; not meroly by hard work,
been enabled,
have had, to se
cure exceptional privileges or *o se
cure monopolies uf various kinds
•\hich have more or less place] other
icoplt within their control. In our
largest cities today, we are beginning
to develop the social diseases assoclat
ed with wealth.
"Tlmt is what is n.edr.t by the wage
eai'M-rs when they co i*plain of wage
slavery? It was not until I went into
the industrial ranks myself that I be
gan io realize_wl: *- ili» WfcU'i mean
h. f„ when they spp i _ n' tho«e who
1 M 9 so little free( mi, free.I -m of se'-f
<-'ici'*_<cgion, or con.roi over their daily
liver* It fs all vei*A ,.**i* for men who
w-* 'he old LIbe •■? plirmtn, i.. mitt
fcbniil us having pjliticai liberty, but lf
a man has not llbetry to go out and
earn his daily bread, if a man has not
any real liberty in finding a job, political liberty becomes an absolutely vain
thing. I would say again to my farmer friends to whom I appeal, be
cause I believe their condition ls fun
damentally thc same as that of the
industrial workers of the cities, that
they should realize that (his political
liberty would be absolutely useless If
they had not that liberty which comes
through the power to earn a decent
livelihood for themselves and their
"We come now to the practical difficulty. If this system is functioning,
I have comparatively little to say with
regard to it, but when we see, in almost every nation that has adopted It
that It ls falling to supply large numbers of men and women and children
with' the actual necessities of life,
when we find that It Is setting one
group against another, and one nation against other nations, we may
well nsk ourselves, whethor thore Is
not something In it thnt Is fundamentally unsound. Wc have In Canada
such a bad situation that by tens of
thousands the laboring people are
leaving to go to the South. We havo
farming conditions of the worst kind
portrayed to us in season and out of
season In the House. We have high
prices that are felt by thc consumers
from one end of the country to the
other. We have a large number of
business men in nearly all our cities
today who are reeling the pinch very
severely. They nre more or less whistling to keep up their courage. They
are saying that they must not give a
black eye to the country, but If we In
quire in any of our cities, we find that
there are back rentals nnd largo accounts owing to the bnnk, and all
other Indications of a most serious
economic condition.
"What do wc propose? I om not
going to spend nny grent length of
time tonight on our proposals, simply
because 1 realize perfectly well that
we aro not In tt position effectively to
propose nnything. We are in this
Houso too few In numbers. I would
snuggest merely the lines along which
we hope to advance. I would put for
wnrd the principles that. In our opinion, ought to underlie sound lcgisln
tlon and administration. Wc sny that
there ought to be democrncy, not only
ln  politics, but In industry.
"Sometimes  we  Socinlists  use  nn
other phrase to indicate what we
should like to see brought about, and
that Is "production for use Instead of
for profit." I am giving a phrase; It
may be no more than a phrase; but
after all we must try to formulate In
some way our Ideals. Our thought Is
that we have gone on producing for
proflt, competing firms producing for
proflt, until we have lost the real
meaning of production. Why do farmers produce wheat? Fundamentally not to sell; they produce wheat to
he made Into flour to feed hungry
men, women and children. Why do
we produce coal? Fundamentally,
not for proflt, not to sell, but In order
that we may use lt to warm our
homes and to run our factories. Why
do we produce furniture, clothing and
all the other manufactured articles?
Fundamentally, not to sell, but In order that we may use them ln our
every day life. Our contention 1s that
we have gone on and on and on ln
this system, each man producing simply to sell, producing as much as he
can, producing Irrespective of the real
needs of the people, until we have forgotten the primary reason for production. We say that we have to get back
to fundamentals so to organize our
productive and distributional processes
that we shall produce in order that
people may use.
"We have come very near to a place
when either we must face a collapse
in our financial system, or we must
bring about radical readjustments
which will in themselves amount to a
practical reconstruction of the system—one thing or the other. Take,
for example, our flnanclal system today. If we go on piling up debts aa
we are doing, it is absolutely impossible that we shall ever pay them.
One can not observe the way the debts
have been pyramided—to use a word
that has been common in the banking
committee—during the past few years,
and hope that this can be a stable system. There must be either a collapse
or such radical change in the system
Itself as will be realty revolutionary
in its character.
As far as I can read the budget, If
there are modifications, the modifications are made in the interest of the
moneyed people, in the Interest of
luxury, and not in the Interest of the
necessities of life which are most used
by the large majority of the people of
Canada, Taxation fs the taking of
wealth for the purpose of carrying on
the government; it is taken from one
or the other group. We claim that
the government Is taking a very large
amount from one particular class today. Why should we not have some
such arrangement as a capital levy
for the abolition of our war debt,
levy on the actual property that is
owned today by a limited group?
"Any one who has read such a book
as the History of Canadian Wealth,
any one who knows anything of the
way in which the large resources of
thfs country have been alienated, must
recognize that the present owners
have by no means given an equivalent for what they claim at the present time. From the standpoint of
law Itself, private property haB never
been recognized as being inviolable.
"With reference to the great estates
lhat exist in England, the proposal of
the British Labor Party Is to boldly
recognize that these are fundamentally public property and should be administered as such. In this country,
our land is, to a considerable extent,
held and worked by small owners,
and we need not worry over that. But
we have other resources that are held
by big syndicates, the great mining
properties, the great water powers,
all the machinery by which nearly all
the goods of this country are produced. TheBe resources are held by certain groups who claim an absolute
private ownership in them. We assert there Is no reason wby the government should not tax these—lax
them as heavily ns it pleases, tax
them even to the extent of partial or
full expropriation. May I point out
that during the war thousands of our
men went overseas. Some of them
went under a measure of conscription;
they were told that their lives were
owned by the State. I would sny here,
as 1 sn Id a year ago, that if It is right
to conscript men, it is right to conscript wealth. There Is no difference
between thc principles involved. I
should not say that—there Is an Immonso difference between the two.
Surely men are worth Infinitely more
thnn natural resources, than mere
woalth. Undoubtedly they are, and
yet we have reversed the valuation.
We havo claimed that  It Is right to
The fires that start each summer might have
come from YOUR cigarette-stub.
The Forest charred and burned might have
been the result of YOUR camp-fire.
The wooded hillsides might have been blackened by YOUR lighted matches.
The burned farms might be the wages paid by
YOUR thoughtlessness.
Idle logging camps might be the result of
YOUR momentary carelessness.
If forest fires annually destroy our natural
wealth, if money is to be spent in fighting
fires instead of building up the Province,
then the loss is YOURS and that of the
generations to come.   Be careful.
require men's lives, but we hesitate
to say it is right to require a portion
of men's wealth. Our whole policy Is
built upon the idea that we must
leave the dividends to the big companies, that we must leave the interest
and dividends to the banks, that we
must leave the the big profits to the
great trusts. These things are Inviolable according to our present way of
looking at matters. But we tax the
ordinary necessities of life, and make
it so that many families In this country hardly know how to make both
ends meet. We labor men claim that
the whole policy must be reversed; we
assert that when it comes to a conflict between the welfare of a majority of a people and what are tailed
property rights, that the welfare of
the people must have flrst place.
"We are producing in a collective
way, and yet our institutions, economic and political, are lagging behind
our method of production. The result is not satisfactory. We can not
claim that justice prevails between
man and man. We can not claim
that we have evolved a civilisation in
which under the existing system, there
is any prospect of a permanent
Hand The Federationlit to yonr
shopmate when you are through with
Who Shall Be Miss Vancouver?
The members of organized labor
are challenged. The employers associations are opposed to the efforts being made to the drive to provide a
home  for organized  labor,  but each
member of thc trade union movement
can support this project, by voting
and buying a ticket for the Trndes
Council Queen of Vancouver.
Rest $2.50
OUS 80___iTl__O
OlM... aal pre.crlbed onlea. tb*
Rolatel, aaeeeaary. K-amination.
raid* by graduate Kyeaight Special-
Iita. Saliefactiea tf_a_»nt_-_.
W, stint ear eim leasea. Loum
-apUeata* ty a»U.
Brown Optical
Be   .an  of  lh,   a-dre.a—Abo..
Woolworth'. Store, near
Suit* St, Baals Ohambori.
Piano 807.  1071
Phonos: O/llce, Soy. 8533.    Ros. Bny. 4797L.
Monday, Wednesday, Friday—t to 8
Tuesdny, Thursday, Saturday—1 lo S
Dr. W. Lee Holder
Osteopathy, Spinal Adjustment., Food
Science, Herbs, Hydro Therapy
74 Fairfield Building
Cor. Granville and Pender Streets
Fourteen Years ol Kiperiencr.       Thousands ol Mjitl.li.il Patients
fifteenth yBAR. no. 26 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAY June 22, 1?
The secret of
beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 yean
been British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has been spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, yon agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
Vancouver Unions
Oonneil — Preildent, R. H. Neeludi, M.
h. A.; genera; lecre tary, Percy R, Btngoufa.
Otto*: 800, 819 Pender St. Weit Phon* Bey.
7496. Meets in Ubor Hsll at 8 p.n. oa
tto fint and third Taw-lays la meata.
Heeta second Honday In the aonth. Pre-
■Kent, J. R. White; aeoretary, R. H. Neel-
andl. P. 0. Box flfl.	
dova Street Weit—BmIumi aetUn-ta
every Wedneiday evening. A. Uaolnnli,
chairman; E. H. Morriion, ice-treai,; Oeo,'
D. Harriion, 1885 Woodland Drive, Vancou-
ver, B, 0., comipondlQf aeoratary.
Any dlitrlet In Britiih Columbia deiirtnf
information re Hearing speakers or tho formation of loeal branchei, kindly eommunloata
with provincial Secretar? 3. Lyle Telford,
G24 Birka Bldg., Vancouver, B. 0. Telf-
phona Seymonr 1882, or Fairmont 4988.
■econd Thunday every month, 319 Pender
Stroet Weit. Preildent, J. Brlchtwoll;
financial aeoretary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth
Ave. Eut        	
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL Union of America—Looal 120, Vancouver, B. 0., meeta aoeond and fourth Tuei-
daya In eaeh month In Room 818—819 Pander Street Weit. Preaident, C. E. Herrett,
71 JIaatinga Stroet Eaat; aeeretary, A. R.
Janl, 830 Cambie Street. Shop phone, Sey.
2702. Retldence phone, Dong. 217 IB-
Boilerraakeri, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
era of America, Loeal 194—Meeting! firat
and third Monday! In eaeh month. Preaident, P, WUIU; aeeretary, A. Fraier, Oflee:
Room 808—819 Pender Street Weit,
houra, 9 to 11 am. and 8 to 6 pjn.
brieklayera or maioni for boiler worka.
etc., or marblo leUeri, phone Brieklayera'
Dnton, Labor Temple.
TER8 and Jolnera, Loeal 462—Preildent.
Wa. Dunn; recording iecretary. W. Page;
builneia agent, Goo. H. Hardy. Office:
Room 804—819 Pender Street Weat Meeti
aoeond and fourth Mondaya, 8 p.m., Room 5,
319 Ponder Street Woat.
aad third Frfdaya in eaeh month, at 148 Cor-
dova Stnet Weat. Praaldant, David OuthUl,
2862 Albert Street; leoretary-treaiuror, Ooo,
tturlaon, 1886 Woodland Drive.	
Steam and Operating, Local 844—Meata
every Thunday -at 8 p.a„ Room 807 Labor
Tomple. Secretary-treasurer, N. Green, 968
Hornby Stroet. Phone Sey. 7048R. Recording eeentary, J.  R. Campbell,  308  Flrat
Street. North Vtaeonver.	
Preaident, Nell MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
aoOTatary, 0. A. WaUon. No. 3 Firehall!
Union, Loeal 28—441 Seymour Streot.
Meeta flrst and third Wednesdays at 2:80
p.m. Second and fonrth Wedneidiyi at
8:80 p.m. Executive board meeta every
Tnaaday at 8 p.m, Preaident, W. A. Colmar-
bnalneu agent, A. Graham. Phone Seymour
OF CANADA—An Induitrlal union of all
workera in logging ■nd conatructlon campi.
Ooaat Dlatrlct and General Headquartera, 61
Cordova Street West, Vanoouver, B. 0.
Phone Seymoar 7856. J. M. Clarke, general
secret ary- tressurer; legal advlien, Meiers.
Bird, Maedonald ft Co., Vancouver, B. 0.;
auditors, MessrB, Buttar ft Chiene, Vancou*
ver, B. C.	
MACHINISTS LOCAL 182—President, Leo
George; secretary, J. G. Keefe; buiineu
agent, P. R. Bengoufch. Offico: 309, 819
Pender Street West. Meets In Room 818—
319 Pender Stroot West, on first and third
Thursdays ln month.
MACHINISTS LOCAL 692—President, Ed,
Dawson; secretary, R. Hirst; business
agent, P. R. Bengough. Office: 309—319
Pender Street West. Meets in Room 3—
819 Pender Street West, on second and 4th
Tuesdays In month.
UNION, Local 145, A. F. of M.—Meets at
Moose Hall, Homer Stroet, aecond Sunday,
at 10 a.m. President. Ernest C. Miller, 991
Nelson Street; secretary, Edward Jamieson,
991 Nelson Street; flnanclal iecretary, W. E.
Williams. 991 Ne]Hon Street; organiser, F.
Fletcher, 991 Nelson Btreet,
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, DECORATORS and Paperhangers of America, Local
188, Vancouver—Melts 2nd and 4th Thursdays at 148 Cordova Street West. Phone,
Sey. 3510.   Business agent, R. A. Baker,
Dock Builders, Local No. 2404—Meets st
112 Hastings Street West very Friday, at 8
p. in.    Jas. Thompson,  financial secretary
AVhy Let George Do It
If you do not attend your union
meetings and the other fellow does,
why kick. He is doing the best he
can. Why complain because Oeorge
does It.    Why not do it yourself?
Who Shall Be Miss Vancouver?
The members of organized labor
are challenged. The employers associations are opposed to the efforts being made to the drive to provide a
home for organized labor, but each
member of the trade union movement
can support this project, by voting
and buying a ticket for the Trades
Council Queen of Vancouver.
A History Lesson for the Archbishop of Canterbury—
And a History Lesson on the Archbishops of Canterbury
A Union Is What You Make It
Some men imagine that a union
comes out of the sky, and that it is
made to order. This Is a fallacy
which only active participation in
union affairs can destroy. Why not
be an active member, instead of a
Every reader ot The Fedorationist
can render valuable assistance by renewing thetr subscriptions aa mon as
they are due, and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
ranch effort to do tills,   Try lt.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers
and tell them why you do so.
OLE TANDE, late with Challenger
Logging Co., Grassy Ray, B. C.
Please communicate at once wilh
BIRD, McDONALD & CO., (Barristers), Metropolitan Building,
Vancouver, B. C.
Cordova St. West, P. 0. Box 571.  Phone
Sey. 6708.   Meeting! every Monday at 7:80
pjn.   J. Pearson, hnilnaii agent	
0.—Meeting nights, first Tuesday and 8rd
Friday of each month at headquarters, 816
Cordova Street Weit. Preaident, D. Ciller
pie; vice-president, John Johnson; aeoretary*
treasurer, Wm. Donaldson, addreu 818 Cor
dova Street West. Branch agent's addreu:
Wtn. Francis, 1424 Government Street, Victoria, B.* 0.	
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
K. P. Hall, Eighth and Kingsway, 1st and
Srd Mondays at 10:16 a.m. and 7 p.m. Preildent, F. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarke Drive;
recording secretary, A. V. Lofting; treasurer,
A. F. Andrew; financial seeretary and business agent, W. H. Cottrell, 106—17th Ave.
West. Office, corner Prior and Main Streets,
Phone, Fairmont 4504V.
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
(Irst Monday In each month, 8 p.m. President, A. R. Oatenby; vice-president, Mrs,
Dolk; recording secretary, C. MoDonald, P.
O. Box 508; financial iecretary, P. McNeish,
P. 0. Box 508.
SOCIETY FOR TECHNICAL AID TO Soviet RumIs—Vancouver branch meets flrst
and third Sundays each month, 2 p.m., at 61
Cordova Street West. For Information write
to branch secretary, S. T. A. 8. R., 61 Cordova Street West, Vancouver, B. C.
dont, R. P. Pi-ttlpfcce: vice-president J.
M. Hrynit; necretnry-treasurer, R. H. Neelands, P. 0. Box 60. Meots last Sunday of
enrh innntli at 2 p.m. in Labor Hall, 319
Pender Street West.
a.m. on tho Tuesday preceding the lit Sunday of the month. President, E, A. Jamleson, 991 Nelson St.; Secretary, C. H. Wll-
■ iiim-.. 091 Ne'son St ; Business Agent, F,
Fletcher, 991 Nelson St.
UNION, No. 413—President, S. D. Macdonald, secretary-treasurer, J. M. Campbell,
P. 0. Box 669, Meets last Thursday of eaoh
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
prices. ^
Cowan Brookhouse. Ltd.
Phones:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
•T-HE CLERGY of England, headedf
■ by Randall T. Davidson, Arch-''
bishop of Canterbury, have issued a
protest "against the religious persecution in Russia." As a proof of the
existence of this persecution, the English clerical confraternity avails itself
of the trial of the Catholic Archbishop
Zepllak, the impending trial of the
orthodox Arichblshop Tlchon, and—
oh horror!—the arrest of the Rabbi
of Gomel, about which we have heard
nothing, but which ts benig trumpeted
throughout the English press with the
object of demonstrating that: If even
the timid Jewish Rabbis are being
persecuted, then there can be no doubt
whatever that in Russia, Beelzebub ls
wrestling with the archangels!
When the production of brandy was
prohibited in America, the schnaps
manufacturers inaugurated a campaign
compared with which even the action
of the Archbishop of Canterbury is
mere chllds' play. Hurt in their finest
feelings; and In their pockets, the
schnaps manufacturers marched up
with the great cannon of "liberty of the
American citizen," which liberty they
were convinced was being trampled
underfoot by the prohibition of the
manufacture of spiritous liquors. The
manufacture of religious spiritual
drinks is no less profitable, And therefore we fully comprehend the class
olidarity of the English parsons with
the Russian. But despite our full
sympathy, for the reverend English
manufacturers of spiritual schnaps,
we shall hone the less point out to
them the many errors they have fallen into In asserting that there Is religious persecution going on in So /let
Russia. In order to show what little
cause there ls for speaking pf anything
like religious persecution in Soviet
Russia, we shall adduce a few examples from the history of England, especially from the history of the Archbishop of Canterbury, in the hope that
our English comrades wilt extend this
lesson to a course of instruction, which
will be highly useful, not so much for
the Archbishop of Canterbury, as for
the English workers themselves. ,
Supported Chinese Labor
The present Archbishop of Canterbury ls the same prelate who, a few
years ago, supported the introduction
of Chinese labor in the South African
mines, pleading that it was "a regrettable necessity." The reason which
irrtpelle'l the Soviet government to
bring Archbishop Zeplaik and other
clerical dignitaries to trial waB the
necessity of preserving the first Work
ers Republic from those who would
withhold bread from its perishing
population. The "regrettable neces.
sity" which prompted His Grace to
sanction the introduction of Chinese
coolies working under slave conditions into the South African Rand,
was that of fllling the coffers of cosmopolitan flnanciars controlling tho
Rand mines.
How Ute English Kings Induced the
English Church to Submit
to the State
We Communists are opponents of
the liberal conception of the history
of the church. The liberal bourgeoisie has flatly denied any merit whatever to the church. We are not such
inexorable parson slayers. During the
first period of the middle ages, the
church was the source not only of
spiritual, but also of teachnlcal eul
ture. The church not only preserved
the inheritance of the Roman Empire,
but also that of the eastern. It taught
the Teutonic barbarians, who had,
the most part, scarcely crept forth
from their forest ravines, how to carry
on agriculture and handicrafts . It established communications between
the different countries of Europe. And
lt ls not to be wondered at that the
church demanded the position of supreme authority over the kingdoms of
the middle ages, that It required the
kings to regard themselves as Its sub
jects. But scarcely had the feudal
state become firmly established, when
the struggle over the primacy broke
out between the kings and the church
The English King Henry II. resolved to put an end to the independence
of the church. He-demanded thut the
priests be punished like ordinary mor
tals for common crimes nnd crimes
against the State. In order to realize
this aim, he appointed one of the best
educated clerics of that time Thomas
A'Beckett, having ascended his arch
bishop's throne, wanted to shear his
sheep without royal interference. He
came into conflict with Henry II., Jle
called upon the clergy and the people
tn flght against the royal power, and
adorned this sruggle for clerical domination with the watchword: Liberty
of religion. Henry II., although
good Catholic, was naturally not able
to look calmly on at these priestly
machinations. Thomas A'Beckett had
to fly to France, where he continued
his machinations aga,inst his native
country, aided by the eneipies of
England. The peoplo of Rome feared
that Thomas A'Bckett'B extraordinary
zeal might Injure the church, and
therefore commanded him to make a
compromise with tho royal power
Thomas A'Beckett returned to Eng
land, but was murdered through royal
Instigation, The King of course pub
llely expressed bis great regret at this
sad event, but this regret could not
recall Thomas A'Beckett to life.
ll'iit Thomas A'Beckott did not rest
after his death, hut begun working
miracles from his tomb in Canterbury
miracles not yet prohibited at that
time. Thousands made pilgrimages to
Beckett's tomb, and the monks of
Canterbury earned huge profits, And
as the church was thoroughly capable
of making a business calculation, it
resolved to Increase its revenues from
the martyrdom and the miracles of the
resurrected  saint.    Thorold   Rodgers,
professor of economics at the Oxford
University, a friend of Cobden and
Bright, that is to say, a man not connected with Communist cut-throats,
but with exceeding moderate liberal
circles, described in his book "Six
Centuries of Work and Wages," published 40 years ago, the victory of the
Archbishop of Canterbury in the following words:
"Beckett died in the winter (a season very unsuitable for travelling)-;-]
therefore the monks begged the pope
for permission to change the day of
martyrdom and veneration of the saint
to the summer. They bargained with
one another long and energetically, aa
the pope demanded one-half of the
gross takings. But as the monks declared that they could not undertake
the business on these terms, the pope
contented himself with half of the
clear profits."
Church Strongest
Henry ii. emerged aB the formal
victor, but Jn reality the church was
stronger than he, and even John Lackland fell Into a state of complete subjection to the pope of Rome. But circumstances changed when strife began
within the church Itself, enabling the
regal power in England to resume supremacy. Henry VIII. had better luck
than Henry II. Not only did he subordinate the whole church to himself
by having himself proclaimed head of
the church in the year 1531, but he
began to fleece the church according
to all the laws of a profitable business
concern. The yearly revenues of the
church were estimated at that time at
£820,000, and of this sum the King
laid claim to one-half. He plundered
the monasteries, deprived them of
their treasures. He closed the small
monasteries and drove out the monks.
He was clever enough, however, not
to interfere with the princes of the
church, but rather to share his gains
with them. In a 17th century pamph
let written at the time of the English
revolution the "reformation" of Henry
VIII. is described as follows:
"Henry VIII. having supplanted the
pope by his royal authority, had no in
tentlon of alleviating the unhappy situation of the people. He merely replaced the foreign yoke (of the pope
of Rome), by chains forged at home-
he divided the profits between himself and his archbishops, for whom
the Roman pope was entirely superfluous so long as they could retain
their dignities and their possessions."
One of the flrst amongst those dignitaries of the fchurch who, in this
case, forgot to rail about the liberty
of religion, but on the contrary prostrated themselves before the English
despots, was the forerunner of our
present defender of "-religious liberty,"
the Archbishop of Canterbury, Cran-
mer. ThlB holy man was so accommodating in the service of kings that
he consented "to divorce Henry VIII.
from Catherine of Arragon, although,
this marriage had been blessed by the
pope of Rome himself. The pretty
girl Anna Boleyn had captivated the
King, and the Archbishop of Canterbury decided that all the dogmas of
the church and all the decisions of Its
head, the pope, could serve as a comfortable cushion for the epicurean
king. And when Henry had tired of
Anna Boleyn and decided to have her
beheaded, In order to be free to take
another wife, again the Archbishop
of Canterbury raised no difficulty.
Since then there has been no struggle between the English kings and the
church. On the contrary, the kings
have been the actual protectors of the
church. And when a movement set
In the democratic strata of the population, aiming, not at the extermination
of religion—God forbid—but merely
at the r.bolitlon of the unprecedented
power enjoyed by the bishop over the
souls of the flock, James I, In the year
1604, expressed himself as follows, to
a deputation of Puritans:
"I, the King, will be lord in this
country. The hierarchy of the church
must be maintained. It is the best
support of the throne. I shall teach
these Puritans to submit to the
church, and if they do not submit, I
shall banish them from the country
or do worse to them; I shall have
them banged and be done with
Thus, there Is nothing surprising
In* the fact thnt since this time, the
bishops nnd thc English rulers have
been the best of friends. "Protect us
with the sword, and we shall protect
you with the pen"—thus they declared In their proclamation of 1624.
Let us sum up this first chapter In
our history lesson:
At flrst the church nttempted lo establish its rule over the propertied
classes, with the result that the Archbishop of Canterbury was beheaded,
But when the feudal power, the kings
and the landowners, frightened the
church out of its wits by plundering
the lesser clergy, and dividing the
booty with the archbishops and bishops, the princes of the church, then
these latter defenders of the faith
showed themselves not only willing to
pander to every kingly desire, to every
landowner's whim, but they even allowed the kings to Interfere ln all matters of religion and the church, and to
determine what religion is.
Another fact. A considerable portion of the property of the present
English aristocracy originated In the
church property robbed under Henry
VIII., who divided it among the splrl
tual and secular oliarclis. When the
descendants of these robbers of church
property protest In the nnme of religion against our "robbery" of the
treasures of the church, every thinking English workman must laugh in
their faces.
But—thus the Archbishop of Can
terbury—why do you republicans and
revolutionists imitate the feudal kings?
But your Grace will allow me to say:
In the flrst place you have never
broken with this feudal past, in which
the Archbishops of Canterbury played
a very active part And then you are
of the opinion that your protest carries special weight precisely because
you fill the offlce occupied by the oldest archbishops of England. But to
come to the essential point, we must
tell you: That which the Soviet power
Is now doing has nothing whatever in
common with that which was done by
the feudal kings to the church with
that which to which your church submitted when It saw that the royal arm
was powerful. The Council of People's
Commissaries has not proclaimed Itself
head of the church; it has no desire to
appoint bishops, and makes no attempt to lay down 31 points for the
church, as Henry VIII. did. The Soviet government permits every citizen
to believe what he will.'and to parry
on religious propaganda, just as it
permits unbelieving citizens to carry
antl-religlous propaganda. It
does not interfere with the internal
affairs of the church, it only demands
that the clergy, like all other citizens,
respect the laws of the republic.
Henry VIII. plundered the church in
order to make presents to his toadies,
archbishops and courtiers, and the
English church was mute when its
princes received gifts from the King,
derived from the property robbed
from the church. But the Soviet
power commanded the treasures of
the church to be gathered ln to save
the starving from death. The Zepllaks
and Tichons, who prostrated themselves before Czarism, resisted the
measures taken by the Soviet government, measures aimed at saving millions of human beings from death by
starvation. And the Archbishop of
Canterbury who defends these priests
Is a worthy successor of that Arch
bishop of Canterbury Cranmer, who
trod underfoot the commands of the
pope of Rome in order to satisfy a
monarch's lust. His Grace appeals
for religious liberty. We will recall to
his memory another chapter from the
history of the Archbishop of Canterbury.
(To be continued)
Economic News Service
Rails Sink to Gary Wage Level
[By Leland Olds] '
(Federated Press Industrial Editor)
/"IPEN  shop  railroads  now  follow
Gary's lead in wage adjustments
Evidently their annexation by the U.
S. Steel dynasty is openly recognized.
First announcements of railroad wage
increases come from 20 carriers which
refused to settle with the shop craft
unions. The majority of them are
cultivating the company union Idea of
fake Industrial democracy.
The wage changes announced effect
primarily maintenance forces. They
life unskilled labor to the steel corporation 40 cents an hour rate. This
means to the track worker and the
freight handler an average wage of
less than $1000 a year, several hundred dollars under the requirements
of a .normal family.
* Ab a matter of fact, the wage increases widely announced by the capitalist press associations do not apply
to all classes of employees on any oue
system. In many Instances they do
not apply to the whole of a given class
on a single carrier. In other words,
they do not deserve the publicity they
have received.
Aim to Retard Wage Increase's
Such announcement of small increases hy open shop carriers is designed to retard the general forward
movement of wages resulting from
the present reduction of the labor surplus. It is a publicity stunt tending to
Influence the public and the public
members of the railroad labor board.
The new rates represent nothing more
than what the railroads must pay ln
the open market to maintain the nucleus of a working force.
Union publicity both local and national shoul dbe directed to showing
the hypocrisy of such inadequate increases. They give further proof_that
the "just and reasonable" wage clause
which the framers of the transportation act substituted for the right to
strike contained a joker.
Eastern carriers, including the Central of New York, the Boston &
Maine and the Lehigh Valley have announced increases of 3 cents an hour,
bringing thc rate for maintenance of
way labor to the steel corporation 40
cents level. In the west several roads,
including the Chicago, Burlington &
Quincy, the St, Louis-San Francisco,
and the Sante Fe have added from 1
cent to 2 cents an hour to tho wages
of these low paid workers.
The Pennsylvania, the Illinois Central and the B. & O. have granted
certain shop employees increases of
from S cents to 4 cents an hour, A
few lines have increased the wages
paid to clerks, baggage room employees and freight handlers.
The range of increases announced Is
from 2 per cent, to S per cent, compared with prevailing increases of 10
per cent, in outside industry.
Carriers Pay Market Rates
All carriers are being forced to pay
the going rate for the class of labor
they need for their maintenance
schedules. This is the period of tho
year when outdoor forces are expanded. According to spokesmen of the
eastern carriers the 40 cent rate does
not enable them to secure a sufficient
supply of common labor. They report
maintenance forces about 20 per cent,
below normal. But they have a conscience—they will not go into the labor market and bid up wages against
other employers.
The breakdown of standardization
of railroad wages through general
wage movements by national unions
was Uie avowed purpose of the open
shop manufacturers' associations. The
attack was really aimed at all wage
standards. Employers recognized
that continuance of union conditions
and wages among hundreds of thousands of railroad employees performing
work similar to that in manufacturing industry would be a continual
judgment against market wage rates
and would create unrest and a tendency to organize.
Standardization of hourly rateB by
general wage movements meant protection of living standards just as national agreements and national adjustment boards meant protection of the
Labor board, this protection has been
broken down. The price of railroad
labor is now at he mercy of a rigged
market with the great nationally organized corporations in control.
****** ****** ****** ******
The Capitalist Playground of America
[By George Drayton] *
pAN YOU picture to yourself a mld-
V wny about thirty blocks ln length,
one mass bf illumination and gaiety,
with a frontage of sandy beach, and
the warm waters of the Pacific ocean,
and a modern city of business blocks
and apartment houses and hotels
stretching' far to the rear, with no
slums ond no radical section of the
working class to mar the serenity of
the pleasure-seekers, and the whole
enshrouded by the sweet fragrunce of
beautiful southern foliage nnd a rare,
balmy climate? Such ls the city of
Long Beach. 'Tls here the leisure class
of America seek their pleasure, away
from the rigors of the snow-clad
prairies, and the smoke and grime of
the Industrial centres. Here they can
be entertained by all the known novelties and amusements from the hula-
hitla dancers to thc beautiful singing
of Challapln; or they can be taught
to dance by some daughters of the
working class, dressed In their livery,
for a dijjie a dance, and they can
dance as they please, and no one shnll
say them nay.
A lew miles removed from Long
Beach is the beautiful city of Lob
Angeles, and also Hollywood, with
their million dollar hotels and apartment houses, and motion picture studios, and the mansions of the picture
stars. Along the road, the cabarets
and road houses are ever ready to
crater to their whims and funcies. Chinese gardens and carnival nights or
Spanish entertainers abound, and here
again the daughters of the working
class can be found In the cabarets and
hotels, always willing to entertain this
leisure class with song or dance. Yes
and even willing to gratify their sexual desires for a handful of their putrid wealth. Some of these daughters
of the working class have been lured
to this pleasure ground by the sharks
af the moving picture industry. Even
daughters of the bourgeoisie have fal
len into the trap, until now a halt has
been called, and an Investigation ordered. The report of the Los Angeles
policewoman's findings certninly make
Interesting reading. Employment bureaus were visited, where a registration fee of $10 was charged the applicant was told to have two dozen pictures taken at a certain photographers; others charge no registration fee,
but a commission of 10 per cent, of
all earnings, but the certain photographer was always recommended. At
one place, the applicant wns guaranteed three dayB1 work per week, at $5
per day. The usual percentage to be
deducted and the usual photographer
recommended to take two dozen pic-
turse at $12 per dozen. After the applicant worked three days, she was
paid off at the rate of $3 per day, and
the commission deducted. Of course,
a great number of novices took part
in the picture. Whether the picture
will ever be shown, they were not told.
Whether the picture company, the employment agent and the photographer
are one and the some firm, I don't
know. And now, to conclude with a
brief survey of the conditlons'existlng
at San Pedro.
The Gateway to the Pleasure
Ground. 'Tls here the lumber schooners bring their millions of feet of B.
C. and Washington lumber from tho
mills of the lumber barons, stftined
with the blood of the mill workers and
the lumberjacks. Here the starvation
boats of the Standard Oil Co. have
their tanks loaded with oil, piped
from the oil fields of Signal Hill to
the wharf, in five hours, and sail away
to the various parts of the world. To
make possible this pleasure ground,
we have spoken of, this hive of Industry is necessary. Hence the necessity
of longshoremen and transport workers. And how do they fare? Why
the same as the rest of the working
class, to be sure. Periods of unemployment, and periods of work, with
Week-end Specials
lit Hastings St. E.—Sey. tatt
880 GranvUle Street—Sey. 8M
11.1 Granville St. — Se;. «1_»
8M0 Main Street Fair. IMS
On sale Friday and Saturday,
fresh-made Alberta
Creamery Butter; lb.
Finest Canadian Cheese, per
It) ISo
B. C. Fresh Eggs, dozen..30c
Finest Peanut Butter, lb 20c
Lard Special
Swift's Pall Lard, on sale Friday
and Saturday;
8 lbs. for	
C. & B. Tongue Paste tor
Sandwiches   26c
C. A B. Ham Paste for Sandwiches  ate
Llbby'B Devilled Tongue, 3
tins for ...26c
Ham Speeial
Slater's Famed S'moKed Picnic
Hams,  average  weight   I  to  8
lbs.   On sale,
per lb	
I'll    .[OS
Extra Spocial
Slater's Famed Cottage Rolls,
home cured and nicely smoked. Nothing liner for boiling
or frying. Average weight i
to 10 lba. Extra A *| *w»
Speeial, 4 lbs <M»UU
I-resh Meat Department
Choice Pot Roasts at Slater's
Choice Oven Roasts at
er'e from, per lb	
Choice Boiling Meat at Slat
er's from, per. lb	
... 8c
Choice Boneless Stew at Slat
er's from, per lb	
Government Inspected Milk-fed
Shoulders, per Ib 20c
Stew,  per  lb 15c
Government Inspected Local
. Killed Lamb
Shoulders, per lb 2.y2c
Stew, per lb 15c
Slater's Famed Pork Shoulders,
average 4 to 8 lbs. Unequalled
for your week-end fl jS.«iyi»
roasts.   Special, Ib      lOJC
Middle Cuts of Prime Pork,
Practically no bone. €%g\
Special, lb     -_\3C
Sliced   Smoked   Roll   Bacon,
per lb 26c
Four lbs. for 95c
Sliced  Aryshire Roll  Bacon,
per Ib 30c
Four lbs. for  $1.00
Jelly Powders, 3 for 25c
Pork and Beans, 3 for 25c
Sardines, 4 for 2Be '
Salmon, 3 for 25c
Chocolate and Tapioca Pudding
3 for SOc
Slater's Red Label Tea,  lb. 55c
At Slater's Stores
low pay and conditions not flt for hij
mans to work under.   Here the lonjl
shoremen gather at the hall of thl
Ship Owners' Association, to sell thel
labor power, and what a sight? Wol
kers lighting like tigers to be hireT
with hands raised shouting "take nl
mister; I'm hungry."   Another, "taf
me, I'll give you 10 per cent."
other:  "Take me, I'll give you 15.1
cash."   One worker stands in the rt]
with an expression on his face of pil
mingled with shame.   This is'u* clal
conscious worker ,and he ls ashaml
of his class, and bitter to the systtf
that  makes this rottenness possltT
But this worker has a wife and faj
Hy, and the grocer and butcher Is <
mnnding to be paid, and before loi
he has to bury his shame, and get j
and  fight with the rest  in order f
survive.   Spring Is here In San Pedl
nnd the class-conscious workers ha[
called a strike, demanding the rele.j
of politicul prisoners, better pay
conditions, the abolition of this Imlll
infamy.   Is there any wonder that t|
worker that stood in the rear shol
now Jump to the front nnd mount ™
soap box even In defiance of the '.
and order of this- capitalist syste|
But this leisure class must noi be t
turbed through lack of shipping,
workers must ho forced to unload J
merchandise so necessary to the 111
of the pi ensure-seek ers, an.d 800 poll
men are shipped in from Los Angel
and squads of gunmen and the strl
ers are rounded up nnd sent to jl
Three interurban street cars are fi!f
the first day, and three the next,
so on until 500 or 600 are lmprlson|
This chief of police knows the |
tactics of the workers, of filling
jail, bo prepares for plenty.    The pi
son consists of a field on the desert, j~
closed by barbeil wire'cntanglemenl
The prisoners receive a blnnket for m
ground, and the sky-for a roof.   Evl
an author and publisher of Jnterrj
tlonal repute, with his wealthy frier}
although   he   received  permission |
speak from the mnyor of Los Angel
is promptly Imprisoned by this cha
pion of capitalist law and order.  A
now the strike la lost.    The work
have  once again  dared  to dialled
the power of the king of the U. S.
capital.   The organization of the k
Is perfect.   The workers' organ Iznt
is far from such, so then let us be
by organizing as n class on the ppi
cal as well as on the industrial fit
We can fight as we go If you will, I
our organization  Is correct, we sll
gain strength with every flght,  u|
we can wrest the power from the t
tallst class, and mnke lt possible
all  to  enjoy the  wonders  of natl
without humans having to sell thl
womanhood and manhood in order]
survive. [DAY Juno 22, 1923
IT PAYS to look
after your teeth
T AM at your service to give yon expert advice on tbe
* condition of your teeth. For over 17 years I have been
doing this for Vancouver people and have an establlsltcd
reputation for giving honest and valuable advice.
Feel perfectly free to come, no matter how trivial the
trouble. I will make a thorough examination before giving advice. Your call for my services Implies no obligation.
A   dental   piste   thftt   ean be   worn
with perfect comfort—ft revelation to
people who dread, wearing a plate—
the remit of a lifetime ot practical
Don't  be afraid to  come to me  If
your teeth must  come  ont.     I  use
the latest and most scientific methods
for the elimination of pain.
Where sound roots remain I can, by this typo of work, replace missing or do
fectlve teeth in a manner which practically defies  detection* _
Pyorrhoea Treatment
Dental   X-Ray   Films  and
Fillings, Etc.
I give written 15-year
guarantee on my work
Dr. Brett Anderson
602 Hastings Street West
Oor. Soymour, Bank of Nova ScoUa Bide:.
I'liont; Sey. 33S1.    Open Tuesdny
und Friday evenings
Our Stock of SUITS Is Worth Looking Over
Men's Mahogany Ox- Work Shirts, from $1.00
fords $6.60 	
 —————— Headlight Overalls and
Men's Mahogany Combinations
Bluchers, up from ....$6.60 .
—————^-^^— Best Balbriggan Under-
J. & T. Bell's Boots wear, per suit $1,60
Cushion Soles
" Stanfield's Underwear, in
Dayfoot's Loggers two pieecs and combina-
1                                 - tions, per suit $3.00
Men's Work Shirts and Pine ■
Shirts made specially for Men's Pikskin Oloves, per
big long-armed men. pair   606
adical    Tendencies    Are
Feared by Ruling
tBy Duke N.  Parry]
(International   News  Service)
iToklo, June 13.—Fearing the spread
^radicalism among the student bod-
; of Japan, the metropolitan police
ITokio are preparing to watch care-
\.y  the   activities   of  the  Cultural
■deration,   an   antl-mllttarlstlc    or-
lilaition, the members of which are
ler students  in  the  leading Tokio
|.vftTslties.    The decision of the po-
j to watch more carefully and, per-
tm, to arrest some of the students
|\Vaseda and other Tokio unlversl-
i comes as the result of agitation
■Tokio whloh caused the break-up
|ently »f classes ln military sciences.
Classes Broken Vp
the break up of the classes In mill-
I'-, the Flavor Seeling Tin"
tary Hclence In Wasoda university
brought about by a mass meeting, in
which hundreds of students demanded
the withdrawal of the military teachers from the list of the school's professors, was. followed by similar trouble at Tokio university. At the latter Institution members of the faculty
became Involved ln the antl-milttarls*
tic demonstration, and several of the
professors threatened to resign because of the attitude of the authorities toward a strict military course,
University class work was practically
suspended for several days, while the
students and the professors opposing
the study of war fought out the question with those representing the other
So serious has the discussion of
anti-militarism become ln Tokio that
Mr. Kamada, minister of education,
has been forced to get into the controversy, his attitude being that such
arguments tend to Increase the spread
of radical thought in the schools of
Won't Curb Liberalism
"It is unwise to Interfere with students In their study of various phases
of thought problems," said Mr. Kamada recently, ,"but it is entirely proper for the police to act if there be
any disquieting conduct on the part
of the students as the result of this
study. It Is, indeed, a serious matter
for Japan tf there is any move toward
unifying the various radical elements
in our universities. It is most imperative to Investigate the leaders of
this' recent demonstration."
Simultaneously with the outbreak
against the study of militarism at Wa
seda and Tokio universities came the
statement of military men tn Tokio
that the number of young men In Tokio who sought by every means in
their power to evade conscription Into
the army and the navy was Increasing
each month. Some students, the state
ment goes on. so strongly desire to
get out of any military training that
they injure their bodies to accomplish
their purpose.
Put a one-cent stamp on this paper
and mail It to a friend.
Fourteen Panengor nnd Freight Steamers nt your aervice.
{telling af all Northern B. O, Conrt Point-, Lumber and Mining Campx,
OmncrloB and Pulp ond Paper Mills,
For further particulars apply:
Phone Sey. see       ■
Payment of Taxes
•Taxpayers jiro reminded that June 30 is the last day for mak-
ting payment of taxes to avoid 10 per cent, penalty. Please
Ipay taxes early to avoid rush and consequent waiting in the
[last few days.   Come and pay now.
WM. ASHER, Collector.
United States Labor Voices
Its Protests Against
Attempt Will Be Made to
Organize Labor the
World Over
Now York—Labor in Italy being too
weak from Fascisti blood-letting to
make an effective flght for its rights
as yet, it behooves the organized workers of the rest of the world to take the
offensive against the Fascisti movement. Such is the purpose of a statement issued from the headquarters of
the anti-Fasclsti Alliance of North
America, 231 East 14th Street.
The Alliance calls upon the forces
opposed to the union-smashing Fascist! to organize internationally, ea-
pecially now that the black shirts are
busily extending their own activities
to countries other than Italy. It de
clares its determination for a finish
fight against the Fascisti menace on
this continent, and urges organized
opposition in other countries.
A special plea Is made by the anti*
Fascisti Alliance for* unstinting publicity on the "criminal activities" of
the Fascisti, past and present. The
press throughout the world, the statement charges, is coloring Italian news
so as to hide from the working class
the truth about the hayoc wrought by
the Fascisti bands in Italy, especially
the violent destruction of the Labor
Copies of the statement have been
sent to a long list of Labor publications in scores of countries throughout
the world, in an effort to reach an in
ternatlonal audience with the appeal
for antt-Fascistl co-operation.
"Facism is international In scope,"
the statement declares. "The counter
movement against Fascism must be
International in scope to succeed."
The statement in full reads as follows:
To Organized Labor Throughout the
The plague of Fascism is not to be
restrained by national boundary lines,
It spreads from land to land, sowing
crime, hatred and ferocity. Every?
where it is received triumphantly by
the sycophants, exploiters and hangmen of the capitalist system, who see
in it a support for special privileges
and an ally in the war on labor's
growing power.
With one country squirming in its
stronghold, it seeks to step on the
necks of other countries. It seeks to
extend its empire Internationally, and
to duplicate in other lands the manifold deeds of murder and rapine
which prostrated Italy. The shameless mercenaries of international
capital, the unprincipled rowdies, the
bloodthirsty and the stupid are joined
under the black banner of Fascism,
with only one thing in common, the
hatred of organized labor. In Oermany, France. America, the money
of the Italian government and of local
capitalists is used to foster the bloody
movement. Italy is only its headquarters—wherever poverty and injustice exists, there Fascism seeks to
establish itself as a dam against »ro-
Fascism, aims to (attain International power. It must be fought back
internationally. Already there are
signs that the Italian people are
straining hard to throw off the terrible yoke. But they are aB yet too
weak from Fascisti blood-letting, too
weak in the choking grip of the black
beast, to flght effectively. It ls therefore, up to labor in all countries to
take the offensive, for the sake of
their Italian brothers and for the safeguarding of their own interests.
The anti-Fascistt Alliance of North
America calls upon the workers everywhere to take steps to root out Fascism from their own countries and to*
expose Its horrors in other countries.
Speaking in behalf of hundreds of
thousands of organized workers In
America, we nay to the rest of the
world: "We shall not permit Fascism
to breed on this continent. We shall
lend a helping hand to the forces opposed to Fascism on other continents.
We are with you, brothers and sisters
of the laboring ranks everywhere, in
your determination to stamp out the
plague." * n.
The press of the world for the most
part 'deliberately misrepresents the
Fascisti as a wholesome patriotic
force. It persists In a conspiracy of
silence ih regard to the thousandfold
murders by the Italian Fascisti; the
ruthless destruction of labor unions,
labor papers, labor headquarters: the
displacing of popular government by
the Fascisti dagger, revolver and firebrand; the granting of new and unprecedented privileges to the already
bloated exploiters of the working
class. Of all this, scarcely a word now
appears In the capitalist press.
What are we to do under the circumstances? How are we to raze thiB
wall of lies which lilies the truth
from the* world and enables the Fascisti undor various disguises to establish themselves In mnny countries?
The answer rests with the International labor press. It behooves labor's
organs of publicity to throw the light
of truth upon the Fascisti. The antl-
Fnsclstl Alliance of North America
has planne'd a campaign to keep the
labor press of America advised of the
criminal activities of the Fascisti, past
and present. We call upon labor In
other countries to do likewise. The
Fascist!, like other poisonous growths,.
Hunt for Cheap Labor by
Gary Takes on New
]By  Mildred  Morrls[
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Washington, June 16—The Steel
Trust is now raiding the farms in Its
hunt for cheap common labor.
With the beet sugar Interests giving
lt sharp competition in the business
of illegally Importing Mexican peons,
Gary's trust has Labor agents busy
recruiting farm labor, luring the farm
hands with false promises that make
them think they have "struck oil."
Farmers In the valley of Virginia,
"a great food producing belt," report
the most serious farm labor shortage
since the world war, because the steel
trust's labor agents are* draining their
section of farm labor.
In one county the citizens chased
out one. of these labor procurers.
W. W. Husband, commissioner gen
eral of immigration, who has returned
from the Canadian border, reports
that Canadians by the thousands are
pouring into the United States, lured
by offers of steady employment and
high wages.
"We haven't the force to make proper investigation of the smuggling of
labor into the United States over the
Mexican and Canadian borders." e
Husband. "We are doing all we can
ln the way of preventative measures
with our present staff. Our inspectors
on both the Mexican and Canadian
borders are instructed to be more alert
than ever,
"We shall punish the guilty ones,
regardless of whether they are the
biggest manufacturers in the country,
if we can get the evidence. We cannot hire more men without additional
appropriation from congress.
"If the manufacturers, barred by
immigration "restrictions from importing cheap European labor, are going
to substitute cheap Canadian and
Mexican labor, congress will have to
do something to enable the lmmlgra
tlon bureau to meet the situation pro
Work at Home on Factory
Products After School
Vacation Time Turned Into
'   Period  of
Washington—Thousands of school
children work at home after school
hours on factory products to add their
mite to the family Income, says the
children's bureau.
In three cities where the bureau recently made studies, it was found that
more than 5000 children were doing
industrial home work. More than 86
per cent, of those included ln the sur
vey were tyider 14 and over 45 per
cent, under 11. Many were found who
were only six years old.
Their labor was not only for an hour
or so after school. The majority of
these smalt breadwinners, including
three-fourths of the B-year-olds,-worked evenings, with eye's heavy'with
steep, sometime until far Into the
night. Some of these little economic
slaves were not even free from their
work during school hours. Teachers
told the children's bureau agents that
they had pupils of tender age who
brought snaps.to school to card, or
beads to string during recess.
The children's bureau told these
facts in a radio talk describing the
joys of vacation time for boys and
girls who have the luck to have parents who can afford to take them to
the seashore or the mountains or on
long motor trips.
It is never vacation time for the
child breadwinners, the bureau pointed out. The last day of school means
to them that there will be more hours
for labor during the hot summer. In
mills and factories there are thous-
HE     Pacific    Coast     Lumber man#"those   responsible  for  the  order-in
contains an article by a man named
Shaw, in which the writer attempts to
set forth the numerous advantages
which the lumber Industry will reap
from the operations of the recent Or
der-in-Council reducing the wages of
the loggers of British Columbia to 25
cents an hour when they are engaged
In fighting fire. Incidentally, the
writer refers to the fact that "those
who are responsible for the Order-in-
Councll, who have actively negotiated
for its adoption for more than two
years, until Anally winning success,
predict that it will be duplicated in
the Northwest States in the near future." It looks like telling tales out
of school to say that those who are
"responsible" for If, "have actively
negotiated for its adoption for more
than two years." One wonders who
the active negotiators aro. Surely It
can not be possible that the Provincial
executive council, "the elected representatives of the people." have allowed
themselves to be influenced by the
only ones who could bave a material
Interest In reducing,the wages of the
loggers, namely, lhe owners of the B.
C. logging camps? Will "Honest
John" and his gang of wage slashers,
who comprise the executive council,
answer this question; "Who does this
writer refer to when he speaks about
can not hold out against the light.
It breeds ln the dark, of which Its
black flag is symbolic.
Fascism is international In scope.
The counter-movement against Fascism muat be International In scope
to succeed. Organize an nntl-Fasclstl
movement ln every country, we urge,
and communicate with such organizations already in existence!
For the solidarity of labor!
For the destruction of Fascism!
Child  Contortloniiit, one of  tlio  fi-aturo
Attraction*,  for the Tradcx  Council Circus .ind Carnival to be held from Juno
SOth  to July 7th.
council?" The writer speaks In the
tones of one who knows, and we are
willing to take his word for it.
One of the reasons adduced by this
is that tbis low wage will tend to reduce fires, because "under the new flre
wage law, the man who gets $9 or $10
a day for performing his regular duties, is abruptly given a flre-flghtlng
job for about one-third of hiB usual
wages, naturally feels that about the
best thing that could happen would
be the conquest of the flre." Who
the men are that receive the $10 per,
Is not stated, but the writer must
have had cabinet ministers In mind.
It certainly was not loggers; perhaps
he may mean "those who are responsible for the order-In-counc 11." The
theory Ib that the more a worker's
wage ls reduced, the harder he will
work. Seeing the plums that fall to
those who never work, there does
seem to be something In the Idea,
after all. As a suggestion, we would
advise trying lt out on the executive
council. If It can make that tribe
work, it certainly can accomplish mar
We are told by this writer lhat the
lumber companies have to be at great
expense providing and Installing
"highly expensive equipment for flre-
flghtlng," and this law will help to
level up matters by making the work
ers bear part of the coHt through » 50:
per cent, wage reduction. If the lum
ber companies do provide flre-flghtlng
equipment, they have a reason for It—
they have something to lose, but pott-
sensing nothing but the clothes he
wears, the worker has nothing to lose.
The standing timber of this country
dues not belong to him, he enn't <••
get enough to build a decent camp to
live In. If he tried to touch h single
stick, he would be prosecuted as i
thief. His only connection with th
forest wealth Is that he is paid so
many cents for so mnny hours per day
for cutting this lumber nnd putting lt
In the water. There the transaction
begins and ends. Were he not doing
thnt, he would be doing something
else, which he would be equally disinterested In.
We are told thut under the now
systemi no one can profit from a forest Arc, because "It Is somothing that
simply can't be capitalized." Well,
now that Ik hell. Isn't It? It simply
can't be capitalized. How very unfortunate that there is no Chanco of
malting money out of lt. Somo cap!
tallst minded patriot who raves about
"preserving our great natural heritage,'* should try his hand at organizing a fire-Aghting brigade which ho
could hire out to the Provincial government. Not only would he be ah]<>
to prove his patriotism, but he would
also bo ablo to show that he could
capitalize tho uncupitnlizable. That
sort nf patriotism Is on a par with that
displayed by the writer of the article
in question, as well as with (hat of
tho executive council pf B. C. who
ovidently believe in reducing wages In
order to spoed up the workers and
thus savo lhe forests. Tho one brand
Of logic 'proves as mtirh as tho othi
Alt the glossliiK over, all tho excuses, and all alleged advantages that
The Demand for H. B.
Point Blankets Grows
AND as motoring and camping season approaches, the demand increases, for the H. 6. Point Blanket is not only
the most satisfactory blanket made for prospectors, miners,
lumbermen, etc., but its warmth, service and economy is
creating a big demand for it, for camp and motor use. The
H. B. Point Blanket is the best blanket value on the market.
Obtainable at all the Company's stores, but only genuine
when it has the seal of quality label on it. Shown in colors of
red, green, khaki, grey, white and stripe effects at these prices:
3 point, size 60x72; Bibs. Sozs.   Price $10.50
i\_ point, size 63x81; lOlbs.  Price $12.50
4 point, size 72x90; 12_bs.   Price $15.00
—Third Floor.
Hudson's Bay Company
ands of child workers who are deprived even of schoot days.
"If the carefree families make their
vacation a trip across the continent
they will see many children to whom
vacation means not play but toll, for
one child out of every 12 in the whole
country is a child laborer, and in some
States one out of every four," broadcasted the children's bureau over the
"Only twelve States measures up in
every way in the protection they give
their children to the protection which
was given them by the child labor law
passed by congress and declared unconstitutional. So to whatever section of the country the vacation trip
Is made, pictures of children as breadwinners may be seen.
"Perhaps the train or auto will
carry the vacation party through the
anthraolte coal district of Pennsylvania and they may get a glimpse of
tho trapper boys as they emerge from
their underground work in the mines,
or of other 13 and 14-year-old children who have become full time wage-
earners in the coal mining districts,
or, if the train ls in early summer
through Michigan and Colorado, or
through a number of other States, the
vacationers will see great stretches of
eight and ten-year-olds at work thinning and blocking or hoeing beets.
Cramped legs and aching backs are
the lot of these child workers, who
sometimes are even too tired to eat
dinner at night.
"Then there are the boys and the
girls in the cotton mills and Holds of
the south, on the truck farms in the
east, tho berry pickers and the young
fiters on the farms in the middle west.'
Help the Laborers
You may be a skilled worker; you
may think that the common laborer
can not help you. But time and time
again It has been shown that the so-
called unskilled worker has been the
backbone of the efforts of the skilled
workers in their efforts to secure better conditions. The moral is, help the
Laborer organize, and by so doing,
build up the Labor movement so that
all may beneflt.
Greenock town council has decided
to proceed with the erection of 400
houses. Another scheme of 150
houses is under review, lt has also
agreed to accept £850 as Greenock's
share of £30,000 to be spent on slum
clearances in Scotland.
may bo spewed forth by hack writers
for master class publications, will not
sufflca to alter the fact that the Provincial government of B. C. reduced
the wages of the meu working In the
woods by 50 per cent., and threatens
them with a fine of from $25 to $300
If they refuse to stand for that wage
reduction. In the annuls of the mod-
ern wage worker, there is no grenter
example of pure and simple government coercion, no greater example of
a government using the force of the
State to reduce wages. Ils nearest
pnrnllel Is the Injunctions against
Btrlkfls In the United States, but bad
although these Injunctions are, they
do not even go the length that this
measure does. Il will not be iioccn-
sury for the employers of IJ. C, aud
tbeir government henchmen, to receive any lessons lu crushing down
the workers from Harding when he
comes to Vancouvor. They hnve
learned already more thun Harding
New York—Production of steel ingots last month aggregated 3,537,753
tons, a new high record for all time,
according to reports filed with tha
American iron and steel institute, by
30 companies which last year produced 84.13 per cent, of the country's
total. The Agures compare with 3,-
321.278 tons ln April, and 2,711,141
tons in May last year. This record
production was reached when Gary-
ism was shrieking that a "labor shortage" makes large production Impossible.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
TENDERS   wanted,   1000   tons Vancouver
Island Cosl for Vancouver School Board,
Quote prices as follows:
Loaded oa Sohool Bond Tracks la ucki
at Cotl Yard:
Doable Screened Lamp, per ton 9	
Black, per ton $..,
'    ~ inkii
Delivered In Bunkers any School of Van*
couver School Board:
Double  Soreenod Lump,  per ton $	
■* Slack, per ton 9	
Ton to bo 2000 Jbs. and supplied to
School Board as required by individual orders. Lowest tender not necessarily accepted. Tenders endorsed "Coal Tender" to be
In hands Secretary Vancouver School Board,
Monday, 2nd July, 1923.
Secretary School Board.
1928 Tax Statements havo been mailed.
Taxes are due on or before June 80th, 1923
If you have not received your statement,
phone Kerrlsdale 91. Unregistered patties
pleaso note.
Tenders for Water Pipe
The Council Is prepared to receive tenders
for the supply of:
5,000  feet of    4* Inch  water pipe
10,000 feet  of    6*Incb  water pipe
1,000  feet of    8-lnch  water pipe
1,000  feet nf  10-inch  water pipe
Quotations are  requested  on   "Lapwelded
Steel"   or   "Cast  Iron"   pipe  and  f.  o.  b.
Vancouver, B. C.
Specifications, full particulars and forma
of lender mar be obtained on application to
the Municipal Engineer.
Tenders mnst be accompanied by a deposit
of five (5) per cent, of the amount of tne
tender as security that the party whose ten*
der Is accepted will enter Into the required
contract for tha supply of the pipe.
Tenders muat reach the undersigned by 5
p.m. of Monday, July Sth proximo, In sealed
envelope endorsed "Tender for Water Pipe."
No tender necessarily accepted.
C. M, C.
Municipal    HaU,   6851   West   Boulevard,
Vancouver, B. G., June 15, 1023.
SKA LED TENDERS marked "Tenders for
Schools" will tie received by the undersigned np to 4 p.m., Tuesday, June 26, 1923,
for the erection and completion of:
(1) A brick and atone addition to the
Kit-herd McBrido School, Twenty-ninth Ave.
and Cullodnn Street;
(2) A wooden frame annex to the Oeneral
llrock School, Thirty-third Avenue and Main
(3) A wooden frame annex to the Tecum-
seh School, Forty-third Avenue and Victoria
Plans, sper Ifl cat Ions and forms of lender
msy be obtained at the office of Messrs. Bow*
man ft Cullernr, archlL-cU, 606 Yorkshire
Tenders nr.- lo be made out on the form
providod and accompanied by a certified
cheque, payable to the Board of School Trustees of South Vancouver, equal lo five (5)
per cenl. of lhe amount of tbe lender, which
will be forfeited If lhe person tendering declines to ent it Into a contract when called
upon lo do so, or fails to complete the contract. If the trnder he nol accepted, tha
cheque will be returned.
Lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.^
Secretary South Vancouver School Board.
Twenty-ninth Avenuo and Main Street,
South Vancouver, 11. tl
Children for Adoption
176 Orphaned Children in the Karl Marx Home in
Motowilicha (Ural) Awaiting Adoption by
Canadian Friends
Two Dollars per month will maintain one child
Wo appeal to all Radical Organizations—To Trade
Unions—To   Sympathizers—To  bo   foster-parent*
to these little ones
I'lciuroa nml ili-M-rliitlnn ii. rlillilri n un lie hu|i|iIIoiI mi application
519 Queen St. West, Toronto PAGE SIX
Reg. $39.50
Summer Suits
Of Better Tweeds
'THESE include chocks, mixtures,
herringbone effects and Done-
gals in the popular shades of fawn
and grey. They are superbly well
tailored from the finest of imported Scotch Tweeds, and positively
cannot be equalled at our great
manufacturer's unloading sale
price of
45-49 Hastings St., East
Will  Address Workers of
Vancouver on
July 8th '
State Federation of Labor
Starts Out to Win
[By Cyril Lambkin, Comptroller Detroit   Relief   Conference   for   Soviet
Detroit is fourth in size among the
At  Less  Than   Half-Price
" Educational Books. If what
you want is not In this list, we
will get it for you. Books mailed
to any address on receipt of
208. The Evolution  of Man,  by
Haeckel, 2  vole 11.00
165. World   Relations    60
Nineteenth. Century    Prose
and Poetry, Cnnllffe, 2 vols.
In one  76
Experiences   In    Self-Heal-
lng,"-Bliznbeth Towne  85
Educational   Reformers,   by
Quick     60
Elementary     Treatise     on
Physics,   Experimental   and
Applied  1.60
204. Browning's    Complete
Works    2.60
Sheliy's    Complete   Works,
2 vols  1.60
Shakespeare'«  Complete
Works,  4   vols  2.0(1
Byron'h   Complete Works..--1.00
Robert   Burns'   Works  1.00
Natural Taxation, by Shearman  1.00
How   to   Keep   Fit 60
244. Back   to the   Republic,  by
Atwootl    35
Lectures    nnd    Essays,   by
HuaUey    7fl
ThB Making of the World,
by  Meyer  35
273. Public   Men  and    Life   in
Canada, Young   1.00
2766 Fern Avenue, Jubilee. I), C.
clties of the United States. It is first
In the manufacture of automobiles,
and consequently one of the most important industrial centres.
But Detroit also has a soul. And
its working class, particularly, has a
progressive soul.
When in August, 1921, the call came
from Bussia to help It from the ravages of a terrible famine, the Detroit
workers heard the call at once, and
promptly organized themselves into
the Detroit Relief Conference for Soviet Bussia, for the purpose of answering the call. Scores of trade .unions
and other working class organizations
Joined this conference, which became
the local branch of the Friends of
Soviet Russia. '
One of the first organizations to join
was the Detroit Federation of Labor,
which gave its active support to all
the activities. When William 2. Fob-
ter was toured by the F. S. U„ the
Federation of Labor ran his meeting
under its own auspices, with Business
Representative Frank X. Martel as
chairman, and the meeting proved
one of the largest and most inspiring
ever held in Detroit, besides netting
about $1100 fot: relief. It participated
also actively in the bazaar held on
New Year's day in the House of
Masses, which netted about $1200.
It Is no wonder, therefore, that the
delegates to the Detroit Relief Conference for Soviet Russia, when the
Tractor campaign and their entry in
the contest was on the order of business, unanimously chose John T. Taylor, president of,the Detroit Federation of Labor as their candidate. It
seemed to them the most fitting manner of demonstrating their appreciation of the invaluable services of Bro.
Taylor as well as of the Federation of
At the last meeting of the conference. $100 was voted out of the treasury for this contest, and more than a
hundred lists are already out for raising several thousand dollars for this
To all contestants and their sponsors we give solemn warning. If you
want to win you will have to exert
more than ordinary effort. For we are
sons and daughters of Dynamic Detroit, and we Intend to uphold our
city's reputation. Our candidate is
going to win.
Interesting Story of Russian Workers Will
Be Told
"Soviet Russia Today" will be the
subject of an address by James P.
Cannon, chairman of the Workers
Party of America, on Sunday, July 8.
Comrade Cannon has just returned
from a six months' tour of Russia,
and tells an interesting story of what
is going on In that cpuntry. He has
witnessed the new oconomic policy, or
the Nep aB the Russians call it, and
knows from first-hand knowledge
what have been the practical results.
Head of Large Firm Gives
Opinion of 8-Hour
FRIDAY June 22, lfl|
Chairman  Workers'   Party of  America,
who fs to speak in Vancouver July 8th.
The trial and conviction of the Social Revolutionaries by the , Soviet
government, which has become fam
ous throughout the world; and which
he attended, will also be covered in
his speech.
Are the Russians going backward
or forward? Is there capitalism or
Communism in Russia? What is the
condition of Russian trade and industry? How does a Soviet operate?
What is the Cheka? What is the relation o ftrade unions to the Soviet
government? are questions which will
be answered ln Cannon's talk.
Cannon is a very eloquent speaker,
whose meetings have already attracted thousands of people. His tour
will cover a period of four months,
and will extend from coast to coast.
The place of the meeting will be announced later.
Give a little encouragement to our
At Vancouver's Popular Resort
Horseshoe Bay
(Via North Vancouver City Ferries)
Return Fare from Vancouver to Whyteeliff
for Horseshoe Bay
Adults 70c, Children 40c (good day of issue only)
Special reduced rates for excursion parties.
The train schedule fnr Sundiys and Holidays Is in follows:
Luvt North Vancouver for aU points to WhrUcllff for Horseshoe Bay. 8:40
ft.m., uid thin 30 minutes past ench tour till 8:30 p.m.   Lean Whyteeliff for
all pointi to North Vancouver 26 minute.-] past ench hour from »:V6 a.m. till
9:28 p.m.
A convenient train servleu Is operated on week-dayt..
Purchase tickets at  122 Hastings Street West, or Ferry Wharf, foot of
Columbia Avenue.
Time Tables and information may be obtained at Passenger Department,
Hastings .Street West. Seymour MP1   -»■»'»'■   »   -*—-	
['hone North Van. 300.
-   - -t.m,.ma,e   wwrnnn,   122
131, and P. 0. E. Depot, North Vancourer.
The greatest assistance tbat the
reVlers of The Federationist can render us at this time, Is by securing a
now subscriber. ' By doing so you
spread the news of tbe working claBs
movement and assist us.
Help the Laborers
You may be a skilled worker; you
may think that the common laborer
can not help you. But time and time
again It has been shown that the so-
called unskilled worker has been the
backbone of the efforts of the skilled
workers in their efforts to secure better conditions. The moral is, help the
Laborer organize, and by so doing,
build up the Labor movement so that
all nny benefit.
Workers Pay Again
'The occupation of the Ruhr fs
keeping 10,000 dockers unemployed in
the Port of London alone."—Mr. Ernest Bevin at Folkstone.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Newark, N. J.—More than 2000 employees of the Orange valley hat factories are on strike for higher wages.
Local hatters may also Join the strike
of their demands are unsatisfied.
Every reader of The Federatlonist
ran render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions aa soon as
they are due, and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do this.   Try it.
Now Thtt tbe Hot Weather Is Here
There Is Nothing More Refreshing
Than a Bottle of
Get "Rainier
Off the Ice—
Orders in quantities of two doien or over
placed with the Government Vendor are
delivered tho same day direct from oor
plant "icy cold" to your home.. Ov motto,
'•Quality and Service."
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liquor
Control Board or by the Government of British Columbia.
Twelve-Hour Not Profitable
to Worker or
New York, .Tune 11—With the statement that the American iron and
Steel Institutes' committee ln its recent unfavorable report on tho abolition of the 12-hour day had failed to
give the public the other side of the
question, the research department of
the Federal Council of Churches today continued the* flght against the
long work day.
The department made public a letter from J., F. Welborn, president of
the Colorado Fuel & Iron Company,
of Denver, in which John D. Rockefeller, Jr., has an interest. In it Mr.
Welborn tells how his oompany, .during the last five years, has demonstrated that the abolition of the 12-
hour day Is entirely practicable.
The letter was addressed to Raymond B. Fosdick of New York, a di-
'rector of the company, and was transmitted to Rev. F. Ernest Johnson, director of the Federal Council's research department, in answer to a request for information concerning the
us pany's experience,
, In giving it out, Mr. Johnson expressed surprise that the testimony
which It contains should not have
been secured by the Iron & Steel Institute's committee for inclusion in
its report to the president of the United States. The covering letter from
Mr. Fosdlck to Mr. Johnson is as follows:
"Dear Mr. Johnson: In reply to your
question as to the experience of the
Colorado Fuel & Iron Company, In
substituting the 8-hour day for the 12-
hour day in its steel plant, I am sending you herewith a letter which I
have just received from Mr. Welborn,
the president of the company, which
ls a more complete answer than I
could myself give you."
The letter of Mr. Welborn to Mr.
Fosdlck says:
"In reply to your request, I am glad
to send you a statement of the results
of the change from a 12-hour to an 8-
hour working shift at the steel plant
of the Colorado Fuel & Iron Co.
"The -change, as you know, wos
made November 1, 1918, the hourly,
tonnage and'piece rates being increased ten per cent, when the working
shift was reduced from 12 to 8 hours.
Our rates, prior to November 1, 1918,
had always been on the same basis
as the steel industry generally paid In
the East.
'The changes both in working hours
and basic rates were arranged at conferences between officials of the company and representatives of the employees and followed by numerous requests made by employees after the
adoption of our Employers Representation Plan early in 1916, fhat the 12-
hour work shift be eliminated, 1
"The immediate results from the
standpoint of production per man
hour and of labor cost per unit of output were satisfactory, and where conditions have been comparable, it has
been evident that we have lost nothing
either in producing cost of output by
reason of the change.
"At blast furnaces the labor cost
per ton immediately following the introduction of the 8-hour day, with the
increase of ten per cent, in wage rates,
When You Have
n*—_*—m—^*m—^**——.nmnn*———*^—*m—**nm——m——**m*****—— ■*• v
Chosen Your Queen-
increased slightly over one per cent,
above former costs. At open hearth
furnaces It increased one and a half
per cent., while at our rolling mills,
there was a substantial reduction in
the labor coat per ton.
"Recent careful analysis of operating results between various 12 and 8-
hour work periods have been made,
and show these results to be even
more satisfactory than we had realized before. T*he trend of production,
per man hour, with 'unimportant ex-
Flying Trapeze Daredevil ArtiiU, one of the feature attraction), for the Trade*
Council Circus and Carnival to bo held from June SOth to July 7th.
ceptions, has been upward since the
adoption of the 8-hour day; and in.
every department of our steel tnanu ■ p(
facturlng operations, from blast furnace to the wire mill, our production
per man per hour is now greater than
it was when nil of these activities
were operating on the 12-hour shift.
Comparing these results of the Inst
few months with periods of similar
production whon b.aBlc rates were ten
per cent, lower than current rates, and
the working time 12 hours per day,
we find that almost without exception
pur lobor cost per ton is lower than
In the earlier periods.
''Furthermore, whenever the question of change made in the length of
the working! day has come up for discussion between officials and employees' representatives, satisfaction
with the change has been expressed
by the emlpoyees. It Is obvious, therefore, that our change from a 12 to an
8-hour day was practical and has been
"A factor of added interest Is the
fact that with almost capacity operations at our steel plant during the
last few months, and employing over
6000 men, we have experienced no
shortage of labor. Our operating official have frequently expressed the
belief that this condition is due, In
large part at least, to adoption of the
8-hour shifts."
The research department of the
Federal Council has for some months
been compiling facts concerning the
8-hour day, and the practicability of
Its abolition as reported by various
investigators, It will issue a research
bulletin on the subject within a few
Cowan Brookhouse
Pbones: Seymonr MM and 7_J1
MM Hone St., Vancouver, B. 0.
Tbe  greatcn assistance  that
'renders of Tlie Federatlonist can rei
der us at this time, is by securing
new  subscriber.    By  doing  ao y.
spread Ute news of the working
movement and assist us.
Are great values and you']
make no mistake in buying
one. The cloths are good
looking and dependable in
every way, while the styles
are the latest and best.
We are offering wonderful
values in Arrow Shirts at
the low prioe of
$1.95 I
Oor. Homer and Hastinga*


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