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British Columbia Federationist Sep 7, 1923

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Array BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
^INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH
^FIFTEENTH YEAR.   No. 36
SIX PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 7, 1923
.4 POLITICAL miTV-. VICTORY
$2.50 PER YEAR
PEACE TREATY
[Canada's Neglected Opportunity
—Jurisdiction of Provinces
—Measures Dealt With
IB
0. Only Province to Pass Legislation Recommended—A
Joker Is Added
[By Tom Moore, President of Trades
and  Labor Congress  of  Canada]
Part 13 of the Treaty of Versailles,
,known as the  "labor section,"  pro-
ides for the creation and regulation
'of tho International labor office and
hlso for the manner in which the delusions arrived at during each annual
(conference may be dealt with.    One
clause provides:
In the case of a federal state, tho
ower of which to enter into conventions on labor matters is subject to
limitations, it shall be ln the discretion of the government to treat a draft
convention to which such limitations
apply as a recommendation only."
Another clause binds the signatories
bf the Peace treaty who are likewise
1 members' of the International Labor
office to bring the recommendations
or draft conventions of that body before the authority or authorities within whose competence the matter lies
for the enactment of legislation or for
ither action.
Canada is classed as a federal Btate
nd the provisions of the British North
'America act have been extensively
'quoted by the Canadian government
llo show that most of the decisions of
[.he International Labor office up to
present time have been such as
lome properly within the jurisdiction
jf the various provincial legislatures.
The situation thus created has been a
avorable one for Canada technically
:o escape legal responsibility to fulfil
he obligations of membership in the
hternational  Labor   office,   but  this
hould have brought with it a feeling
t greater moral responsibility to en*
ct such measures into legislation.
Four annual conferences of the International  Labor  organization  have
peen held but so far npt one of its
onventlons or recommendations has
ieen   ratified   by   the   Dominion   of
lanada; nor does there seem to have
een any desire seriously to recognize
responsibility to do so by either
.rovinclal   or   federal   governments,
ther countries can be excused there-
lore if they begin to doubt Canada's
Sincerity as a member of the Inter-
atlonal Labor organization.
At the annual conferences, the Cana-
ian delegation has played an import-
nt part in molding opinion as to what
ecisfonB Bhould be finally arrived at
.nada likewise has  maintained itB
-ontributlons to the League of Na-
ions and International Labor office,
.nd thus materially assisted ln the de
elopment of the work.    At the last
nual conference in Oeneva, the Hon.
■meat Lapolnte, one of Canada's gov-
nment delegates, fought vigorously
ir Canada to be recognized as one of
ie eight countries of chief industrial
nportance ln the world and succeeded
this, thus securing for Canada
rmanent   place   on   the   governing
>dy,  the executive of the Interna-
'onal Labor organization.
The Hon. James Murdock, the other
nadian  government  delegate,  In
[frrring address,  challenged  the  or
.nization to show its actual accomp
hments.   In reply, the director waa
ite to point out that there had been
ty-flve  ratifications   of the  conven
[ons by the different countries;   but
.fortunately Canada could not be In
iuded in hfs statement,
Tho basis of the matters referred
the International Labor offico by
13 of tho Treaty of Peace are
^11 set out in section 1, which says
part:
Whereas conditions of labor exist
solving such injustice, hardship and
vatlon to large numbers of people
to produce unrest so great that the
iace and harmony of the world are
iipertlled; and an Improvement of
ose conditions is urgently required;
for example, by the regulation of
hours of work, Including the es-
.blfshment of a mlxlmum working
^y and week, the regulation of the
'or supply, the prevention of un-
[nployment. the provision of an ode-
ate living wage, the protection of
worker against sickness, disease
id injury arising out of hla employ-
ent. the protection of children, young
rrsons and women, provision for
td age and Injury, protection of the
erests of workers when employed
countries other than thetr own,
([.cognition of the principle of free-
im or association, the organization
vocational and technical education
d other measures;
'Whereas also the failure of any
.tion to adopt humane conditions
labor is an obstacle in the way of
er nations which desire to im-
Jove the conditions in their own
iuntries."
Practically all of these matters
-,ve been dealt with ln some degree
lid decisions have been reached,
[ther as conventions or recommen-
,tlonst and transmitted to the fifty-
ree countries which are members
the International Labor organiza*
on. It Ib not the intention In this
lef article to deal in detain with
(Continued on page 2)
TOM MOOltF.
President ~ Trades   nnd   Labor   CungroBS
THE Federated Seafarers have entered the third month of their
strike with as much vim as they
started with. Many of the boats have
been manned by unfair labor. One of
these, ss. Canadian Volunteer, which
is on a coastal run, arrived on Tuesday, Sept. 4, considerably overdue.
The entire crew of firemen and trimmers left the ship, and complained
that if they had known that conditions
were so bad, they would much sooner
have stayed in Vancouver than go
through a bonded form of hunger and
starvation. Some of these Individuals
oame from Vancouver Island, Che-
mainus and way points. All of the
sailors except two, who were detained
by the immigration authorities and
compelled to exist under conditions
that the rest of the crew, even as
strike-breakers, could not stand. Four
of the firemen were met at the shipping office by the pickets and they
complained of the awful hardships
that they had gone through aboard
the Volunteer, one of whom said: "No
more C. G. M. M. ships for me."
Workers Responsible
The world war would never have
happened if the peoples had not permitted their rulers to make it happen.
The Versailles peace treaty, with its
Impossibilities, Its brutalities and its
germs of new wars, would never have
been made If the nations of the world
had not allowed the treaty makers to
do as they pleased. Our profiteers
would never have been able to fleece
us as shamelessly and unmercifully
as they did during the war and after
lt if we had not submitted to their
robbery. Capitalism would never
have succeeded in bringing forth the
most ruthless, the most inhuman and
at the same time the most greedy
autocracy the world haa ever seen,
lf it had not 'been for our ignorance,
cowardice and laek of self-reliance.
Our statesmen and politicians would
not today possess the power and au
daclty to treat the masses of our people like a lot of fools and helots lf we
had had sense enough to use our political rights intelligently, and spunk
enough to take care of our own affairs.
We cannot shake off our share of responsibility for the things that are
done in our names or that we allowed
others to do without our consent and
without energetic protest on our side.
We are intelligent enough to distinguish between right and wrong, moral
and immoral, good and evil. We are
numerous enough to make our opin
ions count in this our world. We aro
strong enough to make our rulers
come to terms with us. 'We have the
legal rights to conquer political power
and mnke our world the law of the
country. We are no helots without
rlgihts. We are no slavos without
power. We are no fools without intelligence. We have tho means to
make ourselves heard and obeyed.
Our rulers are responsible for what
they are doing, but we are responsible
for our rulers, and don't you forget
it.—St. Louis Labor.
I
T. and L. Congress Convention-
Seattle Loyal to A. F. of L —
Statistics Wanted
Vuneouver Labor Defence Committee
To the union workers of Vancouver:
The local defense committee once
again ask you to attend to the call of
the strikers ln Nova Scotia. The need
of funds to defend these workers is
your business. See that your delegates
aer in attendance at the defense committee, Friday 7th, at 8 p.m., room
305, 319 Pender street west. Important business will be tn order for your
attention: Comrade J. B. McLachlan
and Forman Waye, M. P. P., two of
the comrades who played a prominent
part In the Nova Scotia strike, will be
in Vancouver on Sept. 10, Meetings
will be arranged during the following
week, so that the workers of Vancouver will have first-hand information
regarding the struggles of the workers
in Nova Scotia. P. FLOYD,
Secretary pro tem.
Supper ami Dance
The Federated Labor party will
hold a complimentary supper and
dance In honor of J. S. Woodsworth,
M. P., and W. It. and Mrs. Trotter.
Tho affair will be held in K. of P.
hall, 308 Eighth avenue cast. A good
turn-out is expected.
No Liborty
If thoso foreigners who came to the
United States ln search of liberty find
it, we wish they would let us know.—
Philadelphia Inquirer.
State   of   Trade—Milk   Drivers
Complain—Building Trades
Committee
Forty-one delegates attended the
regular meeting of the Vancouver
Trades and Labor council, held Tuesday evening Jn Labor hall. President
H. H. Neelands presided, and Secretary Bengough was in his place. About
the only matter'of real importance
coming before the council were preparations for the 39th annual convention of the Trades and Labor Congress
of Canada, which convenes in the ballroom of the Vancouver hotel next
Monday, the sessions being open to
the publio.
A communication from the Central
Labor counoll of Seattle, extending a
cordial Invitation to the delegates and
others to visit that city on their way
to the American Federation of Labor
convention, which convenes at Portland, Oregon, early in October. "The
loyalty of Seattle to the A, F. of L, is
beyond question—that conditions ln
the Pacific northwest are somewhat
different to other sections of the country. The course always pursued by
Seattle was not only logical, but the
best calculated to preserve the unity
and make for progress," says the letter, which was referred to Delegate
Aid, Pettipiece, who will go to Portland.
The B. C. Medical association wrote
regarding information as to the number of members in each of the unions;
the scale of wages for the year 1922
of the different trades and an estimate
of the average Income for that year
by trades; approximately how many
union members left this province for
the United States from -_t January,
1922. After some discussion, the secretary was Instructed to furnish desired information. The idea prevailed
that these statistics would add figures
to the cost of living as published in
the Labor Oasette.
A delegate stated that J. B. McLachlan, of the Nova Scotia miners,
would be In Vancouver next week to
attend the T. and L, congress. He
would address a meeting ln the Ham
ilton hall—probably on Wednesday.
Secretary Brooks liaked that atl
delegates on the committee of arrangements for congress attend
meeting the following evening. The
programme so far arranged follows:
Monday—Get-together assembly In
Alexandra halt. Delegates to congress
free. Tickets will be required of
others.
Tuesday—Banquet held in which
the leading lights of labor will participate.
Wednesday—A five-hour cruise on
the gulf per steamer Adelaide, would
be participated in by the delegates,
Thursday — Another get-together
party would take place. In all cases
the visiting ladles would be looked
after.
Friday—A night session of congress
was expected.
Delegate Macdonald of the Label
committee, said that a programme of
dances had been arranged for the
coming season, commencing on the
first and third Friday in October.
State of Trade
Delegate Hunt, of the Painters, reported trado slack. A smoker would
bo held.
Delegato showier reported that the
members of the Milk Salesmen and
Dairy Employees union aro new being annoyed by somo thoughtless people, who would class the drivers as
rogues, stealing money, goods, etc. A
caso was stated where a customer accused a salesman of going Into her
kitchon and taking a $6 bill. However, she apologized for her mistake,
but this does not compensate the man
for his mental agony. Milk drivers
have hard enough life as tt ls without
being pestered by cranks who wtll
not get off so easily in the future.
The delegates of the engineers said
that his organization wa* going
well as could be expected, Very few
men were out of work. Assistance
was asked of unionB to bring pressure
on non-unionists to affiliate with the
union.
Moulders were fairly busy, no mem
bers being Idle. A new momber waa
occasionally being added to the ranks.
The local shops'were fairly well organized.
On motion of Delegate Hardy, the
itinerary of James McLachlan, of V.
M. W. of Nova Scotia, who will at-
tend congress next wc. k. will bo print*
ed in The Federatlonist.
A delegato raised the question 0
Mr. Rotston's resignation from thi SK-
hibition board. The prosldent Mplted
that thero had been no me'.iHng of
tho board. The matter of the T. unci
L, council represent*.tlon or: the hoard
wan left in the hands of the executive
committee. /
Building Trade* Committee
The president appointed a building
trades committee as follows:
Plumbors—Del* gates Hays and
Smyllie.
Plasterers—Do.egates Upham and
Hurry.
Greetings
VANCOUVER very cordially ex-
, tends Its greetings to Uie officers and delegates to Uie thirty-
ninth annual convontion of tho
Trndes and Labor Congress of
Canada, With a firm grip of the
right hand of comradeship, we
tender you a hearty welcome to
British Columbia and, especially to
Vancouver, tho great western Terminal City of U>e Dominion. From
thu Atlantic to tho Pacific, north of
the forty-ninth parallel, the Canadian representatives of labor foregather to considor serious legislative work for the elevation and
betterment of mankind. But "all
work and no play makes Jack a
dull boy." Therefore, our guests,
during their all too brief sojourn In
our midst, will he provided with
modest entertainment by the reception committoe of the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council, and
their friends. Whilst on the Pacific
coast, onr guests will find doors Invitingly open with extended hands
to       WELCOME  VISITORS
INTERNATIONAL  DELEGATE
A. J. Crawford of the Sheet Metal
Workers Arrives
Among the delegates to the convention of the Trades and Labor congress,
which opens here on Monday next, is
A. J. Crawford, a former president
of the local Trades and Labor council. He will be the Canadian representative of the Amalgamated Sheet
Metal Workers' .International Alliance
at the congress. For the past four
months, M Crawford has been making a tour of Canada as the International representative of his organization. In Montreal, Toronto, Win
nipeg and Western cities where the
Bheet metal workers are employed, he
found them fairly busy. This was
not attributed so much to ah Increase
in work as it was to the exodus of
men to the United States. In most
places, wages and hours remain unchanged. This state of affairs applies
tolerably well to the mechanical and
building trades. In the western
provinces, business Is fair, but should
be a great deal better on account of
the bumper crops. Wheat growers
are inclined to be pessimistic at the
outlook for the prices offered for
their grain. Mr. Crawford will be
here for a couple of weeks ere he
again leaves for the east.
Carpenters Tako Notice
Members of L. U. 462, United
Brotherhood of Carpenters, are re
quested to attend the regular meeting
next Monlay night. The delegates of
our craft attending the convention
from all parts of Canada will be asked
to come to the meeting, and a lively
evening is anticipated. Business Agent
Billy Dunn reminds us that President
Tom Moore, of tho congress, is
momber of the U. B. of C. and J.
I. Ai L C.
OF
First National Labor Convention
Held in 1873—Immigration
Question
Frank Hodges, M. P.
The labor member of the British
house of commons is fraternal delegato from Groat Britain to the Vancouver convention of t lie Trades and
Labor congress which opens here on
Monday.
Painters—■Delegates Messenger and
Powell.
Bricklayers—Delegates Dagnall and
Pipes.
Electricians—Delegates Ardlel and
Morrison.
Iron Workers—Delegate  Brown.
Pilo Drlvors—Delegates Thompson
and Campbell.
Sheet Metal Workers—Delegates
Hale and Anderson.
Carpentors—Delegates Dunn and
Tough.
Steam Engineers—Delegates Hunt
and Plynn.
Laborers—Delegates Floyd and
Drayton.
Delegate Dunn was named as chairman to call a meeting as early as per-
mlssable.
Thirty-ninth    Annual    Meeting
Opens in Vancouver
on Monday
It will be fifty years on the 23rd
of this month since delegates from
all the important industrial centres
of Ontario and many from Quebec
first met in convention at Toronto and
formed the Canadian Labor Union—
the fore-runner of the preaent Trades
and Labor Congress. The president
of the trades Assembly at that time
(September 23rd, 1873), in his address of welcome to the delegates indicated the prevailing temper among
thoughtful unionists, "The working
class," he states, "have determined
to centralize their energies to promote the adoption of those laws and
regulations which must be established for the good and protection of
the laborer. The time has come
when questions affecting the interests
of labor must be taken hold, and by
the workingmen dealt with in a
prompt and systematic manner. . ."
This body continued to exist until
1877.
The first meeting of thts body ap-
peos to have been taken up largely
with the matter of immigration.
That congress condemned the practice of importing labor and the governmental practice of the day of paying a premium to immigrant agents.
The immigration question .has been
"hardy annual" at congress conventions for fifty years.
In 1872 an act was passed exempting men who organized from liability to persecution under conspiracy
laws. This measure, however, hampered the union with many restrict
ions, which was considerably modified
by the act of 1876.
In the fall of 1883 another Trades
and Labor .Convention was held.
This meeting adjourned to meet again
at the call of the Toronto Trades and
Labor council, and under authority of
such resolution the next meeting took
place on September 6, 1886. It was
at this meeting that formal steps were
taken to form a permanent organization. Sixty-seven organizations were
represented by 110 delegates.
Charles March, of Toronto, was chos
en president and David Hastings, of
Hamilton, secretary. This (congress
was remarkable for the number and
variety of subjects it dealt with.
This classification seems to be applicable to all the subsequent conventions held annually since, The
flrst convention ever held west of the
great lakes took place at Winnipeg
in 1898—25 years ago or 25 years
after the first Canadian labor congress
of 1873. Truly it may be said of the
nineteenth century that It was the age
of organization in Canada.
The first attention paid to Western
Canada by the congress was in 1890
when the lote Harry Cowan and
George Bartley, of Vancouver, and
the late Thos Salmon, of Nanlamo,
went to Ottawa as delegates from
British Columbia. The most important question Interesting this provinco thnt came before tho delegates
at that convention was the Oriental
cheap labor question. Amongst other
things this seems to have 'been a live
topic at all succeeding congresses.
The Trades and Labor Congress had
not a little to do with the passing of
the eight-hour law for metalliferous
miners In British Columbin. This
is ono of the most Important labor
laws of this provinoe and was enacted
about 1900;
Congress, sinco its flrst break t<
come west in 1898, has since con
vened at Victoria, Calgary, Port
Arthur and Vancouver in IDlfl, and
this year, for the second time meets
here.
The nmount of work that the delegates havo passed upon from con
ventlon to convention has been stupendous, and an the country grows
the labors or our legislators grows
In leaps and bounds, Lust yeur at
Montreal, upon the question of the
League of Nations, congress reaffirmed a declaration regarding the constitution of that body and "demanded
THERE is very little to report on
the Conciliation Board proceedings
of the B. C. Electric wage schedule.
Further meetings took place last
week, W. G. Murrin presenting the
company's side of the case. Sittings
commenced on Tuesday again, and
the board are now summing up the
evidence and are expected to make an
award shortly.
J. D. McUchlnn  (right), Noti Bcolia mlnen; Forman W»yc, V. tf, P.. (left),
both dvlffptM to Trades md Ubor Oongnw.
P. M. DRAPKR
Secretary-treasurer Trados  and Labor Con-
_Ti*ss of Canada
Western Miners and Coal
There are 12,000 miners ln district
No. 18, of the United Mine Workers
of America. In 1921 they produced
5,927,270 tons of coal. They received
In wages the sum of $15,922,773. According to the report of the mines
branch of the Alberta government,
"the listed price of the average Alberta coal is $10 per ton." It will be
seen, therefore, that the miners produced nearly $60,000,000 worth of coal
and only got in return $15,922,773 ln
the form of wages. According to the
same report, the average days worked
in the whole mine field during 1921
was 221. The average labor cost per
ton of coal in 1920 wae $3.08; the following year it had dropped to $2.70
per ton. The tons of coal mined per
man employed during 1921 were: Domestic field, 542; bituminous, 996
anthracite,  764.
international   Delegates
W. F. Bush, of Toronto, Ont., has
arrived in the city to attend Trades
and Labor congress convention. He
is the International organizer of the
United Garment Workers of Ameri
ca, and will be here for a couple of
weeks.
C, Macdonald will be international
delegate of the Journeymen Tailors
at the congress.
Become a Foreman
Don't be an ordinary loafer.   Get a
Job  somewhere  as  foreman and get
peld  for  it.—Vancouver  Sun.
Ton Bnd
Funerals are sad, but at times they
are great aids to munlcipnl progress.*
Vancouver Sun.
a reorganization of the league in such
a manner as will provide the fullest
opportunity for the adequate democratic representation of all nations,
If thoy are to be preserved from the
catastrophe  of  another war."
The Trades and  Labor congress of
Canada hns adopted the following
Platform (if Prinrlpirs
1. Free education and compulsory
school  attendance.
2. Maximum  legal  working day of
eight hours and forty-four
hours per week.
3. Insertion   ami   I enforcement    of
fair wago regulations (based
nn established union conditions) in all government work,
direct or Indirect.
4. Public ownership and democrat
io management of alt public
utilities,
fi. Government control and fullest
development of all natural ro
sources.
6. Establishment nf a Tariff Board
on which Labor will be fully
represented.
7. Revenue by direct taxation.
8. Abolition   of   non-elective   legis
lative bodies,
9. Exclusion of all Asiatics.
10. The demand for, and use of, the
union label.
11. Prevention  of    employment    of
children under sixteen years of
age.
12. Equal   pay   for  equal   work   for
men and women.
13. Voluntary  arbitration  labor dis
putes, i
14. Proportional representation with
group  constituencies.
15. The encouragement of    the    es
tablishment of Workers' Cooperative Societies.
16. Unemployment Insurance.
17. Old age pensions, state Insurance
for sickness nnd disability.
18. Uniform It y      of      labor      Inws
throughoul the Dominion.
19. Dlsnrmnment.
Tho rxecutlve officers arc: President, Tom Moore, Ottawa; secretary-
treasurer, P. M. Draper, Ottnwn; vice-
president, Bert Merson, Toronto;
vice-president, J. T. Foster, Montreal;
vice-president.       Alex Mc Andrew,
Moose Jaw, The chairman of the executive for B. C. h. W. J. Bartlett,
Vancouver.
The 39th annual convention opens
In the ball-room of the Hotel Van
couver, this city, on  Monday.
Collective    Bargaining    Means
More Than Wages
and  Hours
As an   Industrial   Nation This
Problem Becomes More
Acute
[By Frank Morrison, Secretary
A. F. of L.J
On Labor day, 1923, the organized
workers are more conscious of their
cause than ever before.
There can be no substitute for
trade unionism because it grows out
of the needs and experiences and necessities of the workers. It ls not an
artificial creation, nor has it evok
ved from the brain of man.
It is a natural grouping of wage
workers who are cemented by the
same ideals and longings, the same
opposition to social Injustice and the
eame desire to Improve their status
ln lif*. Those who would destroy us
fall to offer a substitute for tiade unionism. They promise mueh, but deny
that unity of action that has been
the worker's protection and hope.
In every instance the anti-unionist
Insisits that he treat with workers as
individuals. Occasionally he forms a
company "union" and dictates who
shall represent employees.
If the trade unions accept Individual bargaining, they sign their death
warrant, for it Is Idle talk of unity
between workers if they agree not to
function as an organisation.
When the employer pleads for individual bargaining he strikes at'the
heart of trade unions. He would destroy the collective spirit of workers.
He would make them Impotent to
correct Injustice or protest against
wrongs.
Collective bargaining means more
than wages and hours. It Is a unity
that begets confidence and equips
workers for every activity that should
interest good citlsens.
When production was In the crude
and laborious hand stage, Individual
bargaining would suffice. But not In
an age of machine production snd absentee ownership. Despite the excuses that surround it, Individual bargaining does not make for willing associates in Industry. It develops autocracy at one end of production and dependents at tho other end.
Aa our country becomes more and
more an Industrial nation this problem becomes more acute. It affects
every citizen because there is no prospect of industrial harmony white captains of industry maintain their anti-union attitude that employees shall
be dented the right to present grievances collectively.
No citizen can escape the Influence
of this vicious system that often controls government, degrades the judiciary and denies constitutional rights
to wage workers who would resist the
Berf 'practices of employers.
There's no moro Constructive program than this demand of labor to
control thoir lives. This demand Is
the first essential In any policy that
would bring industrial concord and
sociul pence.
strain and Operating Engineers
The union is growing all the time
at a good healthy rnte. Noarly all thf
members uro employed, Of course,
there is room for now members. A
very Interesting meeting will take
placo on Friday, Sept. 21, it being the
occasion of the visit of General Pre-
Ident Huddell and General Secretary-
treasurer Dave Evans. All members
tako notice and try and attend. Local
No. 446 of Victoria has boon asked to
attend.
Social aud Dnnee
Friends of Soviet Russia, Vancouver committee, wish to thank all the
friends who took part in making the
soeial and dance, held on Monday,
Sept. 3, in the W. P. hall, Pender
Htreet, the great success that it was.
The call of thc orphans in Russia had
a splendid response, showing that this
work Is appreciated by the workers
of Vancouver. One hundred and fifty
turned up and had a good time, at the
same time making ft possible to send
$74 to the orphans of Bussia. The
gold button-hole watch was won by
Harry Johnson, 806 Homer street, and
the prises for the whist drive was
won by A. Psgham, flrst gentleman;
lowest gent, B. Lu miners; first lady,
Mrs. Drlnkwater; lowest lady, Mrs. J.
Damon. The next meeting of the
committee will be held Monday, Sept.
10th. P. FLOYD, Secretary.
During trades congress week, several
prominent members of the, Workers'
party wilt be in Vancouver, and will
address meetings Tho schedule will
be as follows: Comrade Bartholomew
will speak at 8 p.m, In the Columbia
theatre, on Sept. 9. Other members
will speak on thc following Sunday.
Members in town will be: J. B. Alc-
Lachlan, secretary of Nova Scotia
miners during the strike; J. McDonald, chairman of tho Workers Party
of Canada; J. Bruce, and T. Buck,
Foreman Waye, M. P. P., and Comrade
McLarhlun will speak on behalf of
tho Nova Scotia miners and steel
workers defence committee during
the week. PAGE TWO
FIFTEENTH  YEAR.    No.  jj BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVER. B.C.
Published every Friday morning by
The   British  Columbia   Federationist
Business Office: 1129 Howe Street
Editorial Office: Room 306—319 Fender W.
Editorial Board: P. R. Bengough, R. II. Nool-
anda, J. M. Clark, George Bartley.
worklngman's political party, J. Ramsay Macdonald deals with it In another
column. Mr. Macdonald Is the noted
leader of the British labor party, now
H. M.'s loyal opposition In the house
of commons.    He says:   "When the
PEACE TREATY AND LABOB
(Continued from page 1)
the texts of these numerous conventions   and recommendations.     These
| have   already   been published  (with
Trades   Union   congress   decided   to   the exception of the decisions of the
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per
year, $1.50 for six months; to Unions subscribing in & body, 16c por member per
month.
Unity of Labor:   Tbe Hope of the World
FBIDAY September   f,  1923
INDUSTRIAL  AND  POLITICAL
ORGANIZATION
IF THE WORKERS were thoroughly
organized, there would bo no long
hours of labor, no children working
when they should bo at school, no en
forced Idloncss, and a rate of wages
that would not only allow a man to
exist, but ensure him a comfortable
living. This may seem a broad assertion on the face of lt, but its truth
can be demonstrated beyond a doubt.
The wage-earners who today are
working the shortest hours, who receive the highest pay, and in whose
trade the best conditions prevail, are
invariably working at crafts that are
well organized, while It is just as positively true that in the trades that are
poorly organized the very longest I
hours of labor and the smallest wages
exist. Even ln the last century this
was a recognized fact, as lt is today.
This truth is reluctantly conceded by
the most pronounced enemies of
trades unions, because they are fully
aware that the statement is solid and
undeniable.
• • t
Whenever a strike occurs againBt
unjust conditions the employers look
to the unorganized mass to fill the
places of strikers. In the great majority of cases, strikes are lost not
because of lack of- "backbone," skill
or determination' on tho part of the
members of a'union, but because a
sufficient number of .non-union workers have stepped, in and took their
places. Hjoret'ls a struggle for existence in a competitive field of labor.
It ls claimed that labor-power Is a
commodity—lf so, it is a perishable
one that is disposed of always under
a forced sale, Had the men who took
the strikers' positions been unionists,
the employers would have had to concede the demands of organized labor.
Speaking of competition: A manu
facturer, who is an employer of i
large number of men, has stated that
It really makes not much difference
to him what rate of wages he pays—
just so long as he fs placed on an
equal footing with his competitors for
business—and the ability of the consuming public to buy his goods. Labor
must have a very thorough organization to meet this equation.   '
• •       •
If a given'trade could regulate Its
own hours of labor and could name
its own refnuneratfon—within the
bounds of reason—then no one would
work at lt except at those hours and
the rate of wage—so named—for there
would be no one to take the places
of strikers,.and' thus Weaken their
demands. It-la- thia fact that is lost
sight of entire!J' by the political enthusiast who insist that the trade
union cannot All the bill and that
workingmen should organize for political action. This assertion raises another point.
• •       *
It is agreed that workingmen should
organize on the political field. However, before the rights that wage-earners are entitled to are secured, laborers must be intelligent enough to be
union mon at the work-bench, as well
as at the ballot-box, and that every
trade unionist should be an independent in politics. Wage-earners are exactly ln tho same position ln regard to
political as to trade union organization.
It ls admitted that wherever tho trade
union has fell short, lt has been due
Jn large measure, to the fact that it
has not boen enabled to enroll the
unorganized in its ranks, and political
action among workingmen in the past
has proved ,defective for tho same
reason.        • •
*'      •       •
Mon who Understand the labor situation, realizo" thtJ1 necosslty for such
action, hut have1 not been'able to induce or ihflue/ico "the groat mass of
workingmen,to.see.matters In,a similar light. .T.l)e|trftde.Union could easr
iiy carry Its pplnt.and raise the masses
out of tho'sad..plight thoy are in, If
the latter were but far-sighted enough
to verify It arid' band' togethor.' The
political organization of workingmen
do the same' thing liniler identical conditions. Hitherto both have fell short
of whnt they, might and should have
accomplished, because they have
struck on tho same rock.
• i      *        *
Tho Individuals who bolieve In political action claim lhat trade unions
have existed so long that if they are
going to accomplish anything, they
should have' done so long ago, while
the Simon-pure old-stylo trade unionist answers: "Yes, wo havo seen you
fellows before; we have marked the
' wrecks of scores of your labor parties
for political action; they die out, but
the union remains. It Ih true that
the union has fallod to organize all
the workors, and you have always
failed to get them to vote for you."
• •       •
As  regards  the   functioning   of  a
support a labor political party
it took the Independent labor party
as its ally and formed, not a class
party of trade unionists, but a truly
national party, with ideas on finance,
trade, home an'd foreign policy, and
every olher interest with which parliament is concerned." This means
that the future leaders of labor must
become statesmen rather than be tied
to the apron strings of labor, which
thinks exclusively of class and not of
the whole community. That is the
differenco between a trade union and a
political labor party.
•        »       •
It seems, then, that tlie two phases
of the labor movement—Industrial
and political—are exactly in the same
position in regard lo the organization
of the masses; either might succeed
if tho workers unitedly backed its demands. Neither can fully succeed until a majority do so. It is essential,
yes, 'imperative, for every wage-
earner to join the union of his trade.
It is hlA flrst duty; but he should not
stop at that. If his trade unionism is
serviceable, It should teach him to
understand that trade union principles will 'never mi-i with old line
party politics, and that every workingman who desires botter conditions
should only voto for such men, measures and parties as aim to supercede
the competitive wage systom by
something better. Still, it Is a fact, a
big, overshadowing, unexplainaway-
able fact, that the trade union movement has been of more benefit to and
accomplished more for the common
people than all other movoments combined. Labor can get along all right
enough without politics—but then
politics cannot carry on without labor.
*        *        *
Unionism could and would settle
the labor question if laborers and ar-
tlzans would back up its just demands.
It has accomplished a tremendous
work in the past. What could it not
achieve in tho future, were working-
men only true to themselves and the
interests of their families? Harmony
will gain friends, while antagonisms
create enemies In the great cause of
labor. Why cannot this vexed question be solved In this enlightened age?
The Alberta Labor Nows is nothing if not progressive. It "put out" a
real live "labor annual for 1923" on
September 1st. It contains 84 pages
and cover, brimful of "articles from
some of the leading labor men and
women of tho world." It shows a
liberal support from advertisers; and
the work, typographically, is a credit
to the printers, The cover design Is a
work of art as befitting the publication. Every working man and woman
should read it. We congratulate"our
esteemed contemporary on its entor-
'prlse.
BWPJP Mil
The appalling satastrophe in Yokohama has startled the whole civilized
world. This convulsion of nature has,
according to latest advices, practically
wiped out the city, and thousands of
Its population launched into eternity,
and unless immediate help is forthcoming, famine will be responsible for
the sacrifice of many thousands more.
Vancouver, as usual, ts prompt in organizing methods for relief of the
suffering, and at the moment of writing, the C. P. R. steamer Empress of
Hussla. is loading foodstuffs for the
sustenance of the stricken survivors.
There are many new advertisers
ln this issue of thc Federatlonist. All
workers should holp prove to these
advertisers that the B. C. Federatlonist is the best advertising medium in
Vancouver by patronizing these advertisers and telling them that they
saw their ads. ln the "Fed."
Adopts a Radical Programme-
Socialization   of
Industry
, Tho new objective of the Australian
labor purty is thut of socialization of
Industry, production, distribution and
exchange. Sydney advises also state
that this decision of the party Is a
unanimous ono. This means thut the
platform of the Australian labor party
now operates in all branches throughout tho continent, and roplaces the old
ono of nationalization. Tho new objective reads as ToIIowh:
(1) Constitutional utilization of industrial and parliamentary machinery; (2) organization of workers along
the lines of Industry (amalgamation);
(3) nationalization of banking and all
principal Industries; (4) municipalization of such service ns can best be
operated ln limited ureus; (5) government of nationalized industries by
boards upon which the workers In the
Industries and the community shall
have representation; (fi) establishment of an elective supreme economic
council by all nationalized industries;
(7) setting up of research and labor
information bureaus and of labor educational Institutions in which tho
workers shall bo trained in the management of tho nationalized Industries.
922 conference) by the department
if labor In bulletin No. 6, Industrial
delations series. Some, however,
.hould be mentioned and from these
nay be obtained a general idea as to
.he response which has been forth-
;oming from Canada. It is only fair
.0 say that legislation already exists
in Canada sometimes in one province
md not in another which deals, to
i certain degree, with matters simi-
.ar to those incorporated in the recommendations and conventions of the
International Labor offlce; but even
in such cases where little change
would be necessary to enable Canada
formally to ratify these conventions
and thus give encouragement
those struggling In other countries
for improvement of their conditions,
such steps huve not been taken.
One of the flrst subjects dealt with
by the International Labor organization, at its Washington conference in
1919, Avas that of the eight-hour day,
perhaps one of the most frequently
discussed and at the same time most
contentious of matters. The following year this same subject was dealt
with in so far as it affected maritime
workers. The federal government has
recognized that it has authority, under
the British North America act, to
legislate on the subject of hours of
employment among maritime workers. It further has acknowledged that
the federal government is competent
to enact legislation on this nature for
its own employees and those engaged
on federal contract works; but it has
steadfastly refused lo take any action
in this direction.
The general application of the law
as it affects industrial workers is held
to come within tlie scope of provincial legislation. British Columbia Is
the only province that has actually
legislation based on the recommendations of the International
Labor offlce on this and several other
mutters, but In each case it has added
a joker by providing that these acts
should not be declared by the lieutenant-governor until other provinces had
enacted similar legislation,
Unemployment insurance has been
accepted as being a subject within the
jurisdiction of the federal government but no action has been taken by
that hotly to make effective the find
Ings of the International Labor or
ganization touching this matter.
The dominion government is com
petent also to deal with the question
of one day's rest in seven In industrial
and commercial establishments. There
is already federal legislation (the
Lord's Day act) on the statutes, but
no move has yet been made to redraft this act so us to comply with
the terms of the convention of the
International Labor organization, giv
ing all workers one day's rest ln seven,
which .-'hould be on the Sabbath day,
Wherever possible.
Last year's conference passed a recommendation regarding migration
which could be complied with in its
entirety by Canada providing the dominion government took steps to make
available statistics regarding emigrants from Canada in the same way
as statistics are now compiled concerning those coming to Canada. In
view of the Importance and urgent
noed of accurate knowledge as to
how many people are actually leaving
the country lt does seem surprising
that even this -simple recommendation
of the International Labor organization has bean officially Ignored.
Although the dominion government
did finally adopt the Berne convention
of 1906 relative to the use of white
phosphorus in match making, they
have not yet seen flt to adopt that of
the International Labor organization
concerning the prevention of anthrax
or that concerning the regulation of
white lead in paint.
Organized labor has urged upon
the government the necessity of securing the active co-operation of the
provinces in enacting legislation held
to be strictly within the jurisdiction of
tlie latter.
Conventions and recommendations
of the International Labor organizations in this class include the prohibiting of the employment of women
and young persons during the night;
protection of womon nnd children
ugulnst lead poisoning; fixing the minimum age for admission of childron to
Industrial employment; prohibition of
the employment of women six weehs
prior to and following childbirth, etc.
Responsibility for the genoral application of tho eight-hour day ls also
hold to fall upon the provinces.
At the flrst annual conference of the
International Labor organizution cooperation of the provinces was given
to the extent that each one sent a
representative ns an adviser to the
delegates of the dominion government;
prominent among these was the present prime minister, the Rt. Hon W.
L. Mackonzie King, as representative
Princo Edward Island. By the
time the third conference was held
In Geneva In 1921, only Manitoba,
Ontario and Quebec had their representatives in attendance, whilst at the
last conferonco in 1922 no representatives or the provinces were present.
It is important that sufficient interest should bc nroused again so that
the provinces will not only accept recommendations and conventions whon
transmitted lo them by tho dominion
government, but so thut they will also
havo their representatives on hand
to advlHe with the delegntcs of the
dominion government during tho conference, and obtain first-hand information as to the arguments advanced
In support of the enactment of proposed legislation and for the further
purposo of coming more directly into
touch with' tho representatives of
other countries.
Both the provinces of Ontario and
New Brunswick  have passed rosotu-
FRIDAY... September  7, IH
tlons urging upon the dominion government the necessity of convening a
meeting of provincial and dominion
representatives to discuss fully the
stepB to be taken in order to bring
about co-ordinated action.
The text of the resolution, passed
by the Ontario government at the 1922
.ession, is in part as follows:
". . . That in the opinion of this
louse, it is desirable that at the ear-
iest possible date a conference should
je arranged between representatives
Df the dominion government and the
governments of the various provinces
if Canada, for the purpose of considering the advisability and practicality of legislation covering unemploy-
nent insurance, old age pensions, the
sight-hour day and other matters af-
'ectlng labor conditions which were
lealt with by the Peace conference at
Versailles; the conference to consider
what legislation is desirable and prac-
icuble upon the various subjects submitted to it, and tho question as to
the enactment of such legislation by
the dominion and tho provinces; that,
In the event of the conference deciding that any of the questions submitted are provincial in their scope,
thc labor depurtment of Ontario be
authorized to make an Investigation
and report to this house with a view
of enacting legislation in this province covering this question."
Tho federal government, acting on
these resolutions, has communicated
with the several provinces and It is
now understood and anticipated that
a conference of the nature outlined
will be held September this year.
During the years of the war naturally no efforts were made to enact
legislation of the nature dealt with In
this article, though prior to that, In
most civilized countries, there had
been steady progress In that direction.
This naturally resulted In considerable
leeway having to be made up when
the forward march of civilization was
resumed. In view of this a resentment has been created in the minds
of workers if gainst the comparative
indlcerence of our governments which
have failed to give to these matters
the consideration to which they are
justly entitled. All recognize, however,
thnt the greatest factor in securing
from Canada us active a response to
her international obligations in peace
timo as was given during the war is
nn energetic, insistent public opinion.
Those who believe in bringing about
social and Industrial changes in an
orderly method and by constitutional
means have a responsibility in this
regard. Tho changes sought are not
bused on narrow class prejudice, but
on the broad needs of humanity.
Therefore none who have influence
should hesitate to lend their aid in
placing constantly before the citizens
of this country the recommendations
and conventions which emanate from
tho annual conferences of the International Labor organization. They in
tui*n will force their recommendations and conventions upon the attention of their representatives in both
the dominion and provincial govern
ments until the necessity of dealing
more seriously with them Is appreciated. If this were done, Canada might
take a place in the forefront of the
struggle, amongst those nations which
are striving to bring about both the
removal of social and Industrial in
justices and the elimination of discontent within nations and between
nations which have in the past been
the most prolific causes of war.
PLEA FOR RAISE
President Mahon of Street Bali
waymen   at   Wage
Conference
Against Overtime
At a recent meeting of the Immigration group, A. C. S. of A., a motion
was unanimously carried endorsing
the local council in supporting any
action they may take in doing away
with additional hours of overtime for
all civil servants; also supporting them
on the question of the bonus or increase of salary in accordance with
the schedule of wages previously submitted. A. E. Allen was appointed
collector for the months of August
and September, 1923,
Want   Wage   Scale   Based
Standard of Decent
Living
In the recent case of the wage dispute of division No. 241, Electric Railway employees, Chicago, 111., and the
employing property, arbitrators have
handed in their award.
It provides a 3 cents per hour in*
crease for the first year of the agreement and an additional 2 cents per
hour increase for the second year of
the agreement. This estalishes wage
rates of 67 cents for the first three
months of service; 71 cents for the
next nine months of service, and 73
cents per hour to thoso of one year
or more of service. Owl cars will be
paid at the rate of 75 cents per hour.
Overtime is pai-d at time and one-
half. Overtime is all time worked in
excess of 8 hours.
The presentation of the case before
the arbitrators was conducted by International President W. D. Mahon.
Throwing experts' charts and statistics
to the four winds, "Bill" Mahon, for
thirty years international president of
the Car Men's union, made an impas
sloned plea for the return of the 80*
cont wage rato for Chicago street car
motormen and conductors. For sheer
oratory Mr. Mahon's address to the
arbitration board was said by spectators familiar with labor arbitrations,
to be among the most dramatic In the
history of the trade union movement
in Chicago. There was no violent denunciation—no word picture of the
talons of capital clutching at the
throat of labor.
Mr. Mahon sifted Ills eloquent contentions down to one basic subject—
that It is Impossible for a street car
man to give his family a comfortable
living and educate his children on the
present 70-cents wage, under present
working conditions. Tho demands of
Mr. Mahon's union mean an additional expense to tho company of
approximately $4,000,000. But he
wasn't thinking in terms of millions.
No one could doubt his sincerity when
he said his interest is in the individual employees and the necessities
they can buy with added dimes.
When Mr. Mahon finished oven the
array of legal talent and economists
on the side of the Chicago surface
lines joined In the demonstration given
the veteran labor leader. And their
applause had moro behind it than
perfunctory courtesy.
Disdaining what he termed the
"black marks and chicken tracks" of
the cost of living and wage trend
charts that had been introduced by
statistical experts, President Mahon,
who ls 62 years old and has been head
of his organization since it was founded thirty years ago, struck into a line
of argument that was tn marked contrast to the conventional summing up
of the two attorneys who had preceded him—William Levlne and Geo.
W. Miller. "We don't want a wage
scale based upon a statistical chart
whose curves approach the poorhouse
as near as possible without actually
bending into It," he said. "We are
appealing for pay that will allow
decent standard of living. We want
to be able to feed our families properly and to clothe them respectably;
we want to educate our children and
give them some of the good things of
life that were denied us. Mr. Chairman and members of this board, this
case involves the interests of about
14,000 high grade men and their famines."
-EAT AT-
The "Oaks" Cafe
A UNION ESTABLISHMENT
326 ABBOTT STREET VANOOUVER, B. 0.
Phone, Seymour 1647
AUTUMN TERM
—IN  THE—
SPROTT
HAW
CHOOLS
_ OF-
COMMERCE and TELEGRAPHY
JUST OPENED
Three Schools in Vancouver
. Attend the one nearest your home
336 HASTINOS ST. WEST Seymour 1810
TOWER BUILDING  Seymour 7451
MT. PLEASANT BRANCH Fairmont 41
Best of Courses     Best of Teachers
Best of Equipment       \
COURSES EQUALLY GOOD IN ALL BRANCHES
Enroll early this month.   Erery graduate will be placed.
R. J. SPROTT, B. A., Mgr.
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Clan Plaid
Camelaire Cloth
i
Coats
(Resembling Camel Hair)
For Women and Misses
$22.50
A HIGHLY desirable model of the utility type, so
-<"-"■ suitable for general wear—smart, practical
style, well made and specially good value at the
priee. Raglan shoulder, convertible collar, belted,
turn-back cuffs, slash pockets, inverted pleats at
back and with leatherette buttons. See this coa't
to appreciate its value.   Wanted sizes, $22.50.
—Drysdale's Garmont Shop, Third Floor.
Phone Seymour 3540
575 Granville Street
Pass The Federatlonist along and
help get new subscribers.
Great Display of
New, FALL Apparel
A VISIT to lhe 'Famous* just now
.will ri.ve.il nn (.mazing collnrtlon
ot wonderful new modes In Indies'
renily*to-wunr garments, newly rocelvod from our own factory. Tho
low prices will astonish you. Soo
these new styles now—oven if you do
not wish to purchnse nt once, you
nro heartily welcome.
Famous -_f%$L
623 HASTINOS STEF.ET WEST
Pitman
SHORTHAND
BUSINESS
COLLEGE Ltd.
VANCOUVER'S LEADING
BUSINESS COLLEGE
Est. 1808
-PALL TERM-
Students may enter at any timo,
as the system of tuition Is Individual.
Day and Night School
422 RICHARDS STREET
(Cor. Hastings St.)
Phone   Seymour   DISS
Ring np Phone Seymonr 2314
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suit*   301   Dominion   Building
VANCOUVER, B. C.
FIRST CHURCH OP
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1160 Georgia Stmt
Sunday services, 11 ».m. and 7i80 p.m.
Sunday achool immediately following
morning Bervice. Wednesday testimonial
£•• '!»«• • - m. Freo rending room.
801-908 Birks Bldg.
E. r. HarrUon a. A. Part*
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING 00., LTD.
AMBULANCE Si.HVICE
282 KINGSWAY        . AVOOUVEE, B. 0.
Phono Falrmone 68
Drugless Healing
IMPORTANT   TO  THOSE
SUFFERING FROM
RHEUMATISM
ON Tuesday, the lath, Mr. D 
of Westminster, was carried into
this OBce, suffering from RHEUMATISM, absolutely helpless. Tueaday. the 21st, HE WALKED IN
ALONE; not quite well, of course,
but ablo to dresB and undress himself without any assistance. This Is
only one of mony.
Pull particulars will bo   given  at
S&B^T'SoSrS"01*8 ""
Downie Sanitarium
814 Standard Bank Bldg,
Sey. 603, High. 21841.
Wt represent tha American Unlv.rlity
of Sanipractlc, Seattle. Wash.
UAVE you over Und a real drink
"of Puro Apple ("ider during the
lust fow years?
To meet tho don'rea of many clients,
we have introduced recently a pure clear
sparkling apple elder In pint bottles,
either pure sweet or govornmont regulation 2% hard apple cider. These drinks
are absolutely puro and froe from all 1
carbonic   acid   gas   or  preservatives   of
£_.-"»!*_. *."_" or ***** root o**er
today, Highland 00.
VAN BROS. LTD.
Cider Manufacturers
10S5 Commercial Drlvt, Vancouver, B. 0.
Mainland
Cigar Store
tllO OAHHALL STREET
THE PLACE FOR PIPES
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
48 <_   CORDOVA STREET EAST
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Good Plaoe to Eat"
HASTINOS   AND   COLUMBIA   ST*
" 'Tls lho heart's voice alone ean
roach the hoart."—De Mussott.
THE Invention of tbo telephone result-
od, not from an effort to Snd a means
of communication, but from the deep pity
,._h8.ho_rt °' ,ho Inventor for those1
Sloe" J '" """ "" *******
The range of tho unaided voice la only
f.l, ._"'K bnt tho ***** volo» "Peaking
into the telephone may be heard a mile
or throe thousand miles away. ' Tho Inflections, the accents, tho individuality
•"•»" "••nemltted faithfully,
.i _*. ,0,ePn°ne stands ready day or
night to transmit your voice to relative
Irlond, or anyone wilh whom you have
need of speech. Tho telephone la the
universal Instrument.
a. 0. TELEPHONE  OOMPANT
"LAID  OFF"=
Two Short Words, Bridging the Golf Between
COMPORT snd POVERTY
wlS,I%AVI_fi_'?o«ll?SK_ltni r°" **_T *sahs*t ■-.<* •» em.ri._ay,
Sta "EAlifT DATVl00'"'1—*1** <—t valuM. Asm • mu un leva fir
m^e7^^___SSn '™ '° "*rt ,,rt " "~ " ove*-
HASTINOS and SETMODB lb.   ■   Hamaon   •______-
Oordova ud Abbott Huiud i-tt An.     '    a-t_ttJ8*!$
WHERE TOU WHX lEOBITE PROMPT Am 0OU1TEOUI AtTEOTKH.
Union Bank of Canada ..September  7, 1923
fii-teenth tear.  No. 36 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
VANCOUVER,. B.C.
Perfect Saw
lor $5.00
IE HARK OF.QU ALITY
The ZENITH High Speed
Handsaw is a Canadian-
made tool for Canadian
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It has double the wearing
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It has more elasticity than
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It resists continued vibration and bending.
It cuts through nails without blunting or impairing
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Each saw is tested before it
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Without doubt this Chrome
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saw manufacture," and is
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PAGE THREE
IHE SPIRIT
OF
MARSHALL WELLS
B. C. UMITED
[Carrall Street
[ Vancouver, B. C.
For name of nearest dealer
Phone Seymour 7200
Degrees of Disloyalty—A Chronic
Case—More a Bad Habit
Than Anything
enith Tools
ARE HANDLED BY
[irk Hardware Ltd.
Two Stores:
STBEET 8-10-12 OORDOVA STBEET W.
. IS NOT WINE-
villous   Methods   Practised
by tho Vintage
Faker
|aBtonlshing   stories  of  the
which  wines and  spirits
* nre told by a revenue ex-
i current issue of the Combine.
told of a hogshead of
lintago" port that consisted
linns of i tiler mixed with 6
| cheap brandy, S gallons of
I and 2 gallons of sloe Juice.
even a synthetic chnm-
fcnted some years ago, which
i from white sugur, crystal-
In, tartaric acid, perry and
nes are rapidly aged In the
turlng cellars of dishonest
ihantB,    Port,  sherry,  and
are "guaranteed   ten years
helng   placed for 24 hours
healed oven.
|sh, dust, and cobwebs can
ppllcd to order on bottles,
[fequently   made   'old   and
' placing  tho  bottled wine
Ivater for a few hours.   The
lien stored In 'cellar   coot,'
JavelopH a 'crust' ln a com-
fshort Ume.
nported from abroad are
lhe customs authorities, but
Ion co they have been passed
|istoms authorities as sat-
wine merchant has a
as soon as he pays the nee-
ly-
BABBEBS
International Union Making Fine Progress Evcrywliero Says
Auditor Hubboll
A Cleveland despatch says that Wm,
Hubbell, auditor of the International
Barbers union, is substituting for Secretary Carman, who Is taking a brief
vacation.
"The International union is making
fine progress everywhere," says your
old friend Bill, who has been in every
section of the country during the past
year. "Real barbers are actually bo<
coming scarce and are now in demand
and receiving fairly good pay because
the bosses are very tired of continually hiring and firing 'college grads.
Wages are now averaging around $40
for union barbers and hours are being materially shortened, while there
is no longer and Sunday harboring ex
cept In New York city and a fow cities
on the Pacific coast. For Bome years
there has been no Sunday work done
by harbers In British Columbia.
"Naturally, considering the great
good that has been done by the union,
our membership continues to grow,
but only competent men are accepted,
and we bave over half a million dollars In the international treasury."
Auditor Hubbell rctiucsts tbat his
friends of the "good old days" assist
the local union whenever possible by
visiting barber shops only that display the union card, and lf they are
acquainted with good Journeymen
who are not in the union, urge them
to Join.
e You Going to Eat?
Restaurants displaying the Union House
lard are entitled to your patronage. They
pe their help decent wages and working
conditions.
.1 & Restaurant Employees Union
141 Seymour St        Phone Seymour 1681
Lack of Unity Weakens Union-
Depends on Loyal Members
for Strength
[By W. E. Johnson, Musicians Local,
No. 145]
The strength of any community or
organization lies not only ln its numerical proportions, but depends very
largely on the loyalty of its members.
This Is particularly true of a professional union such as ours, which has
to face continual opposition and withstand the incessant attacks of unfriendly elements.
The word loyalty does not occur in
the obligation—but it is, nevertheless,
as much a duty, and as important a
factor, as those. undertakings which
are mentioned. It may be that our
ideas of what constitutes a loyalty
differ, so allow me to give my conception of it.
To my mind, the word loyalty used
In this connection means that quality
which makes for the support, both in
spirit and In fact, of the constitution
and bylaws of the union, which
prompts a hearty co-operation with
the board and Its officers, and a cheerful obedience to their ruling; which
empels a willingness to share the responsibility for all actions which are
taken, and to bear a tithe of the
blame for mistakes which are made;
which creates an active interost in the
work of the union, and a determination to assist it in word and deed at
each opportunity.
It is not the purpose of this brief
article to accuse any member of disloyalty, but rather to incite each of
use to indulge in a little introspection
to see Just where we stand, and thla
because, although a system of fines
and penalties may make It convenient
for a member to observe the price list
and working conditions, no amount of
penalizing can make him loyal. That
can only be done, I think, by showing
him where his duty and interest He.
Degrees of Disloyalty
There are degrees of dlslopalty from
Incipient to chronic, but it will be
necessary for us to detail a few kinds
only.
Take a chronic case. A member
who schemes to disregard the constitution and bylaws, who takes a low,
sneaking pride in breaking his obligation and "getting away with it;" who
speaks slightingly of the board and
its officers; who blames the union for
his failure to succeed In his particular
line of work, and has only contempt
for the endeavors of those enthusiasts
who work for progress, is an incubus
indeed (grant there be none in our
midst). He Is a drawback, a nuisance,
an undesirable; he is certainly one of
the people the profession can get along
very nicely without. But this blighting
Influence Is not a great deal less than
that of the passively disloyal one who
is apathetic, does not 'give a d "
whether the union makes or breaks,
"won't bother to take nny interest in
the thing," considers meetings a bore,
nnd dues a hold-up.
Somewhere between these two Is
found a species of disloyalty which Is
met with deplorable frequency. It Is
more a bad habit than anything, and
consists chiefly In what might be callod blaming the union. Asked to play
a Job under price or perform somo
servico which Is forbidden, It is quite
common for the thoughtlessly disloyal one to reply that "he would like
to do it but for the union;" would be
willing to oblige, but, you know, the
union won't stand for it. Now, this
sort of thing Is not very serious, perhaps, but It gives a very wrong impression of our organisation. It creates
the Idea that the union is a tyrannous
body, which Is constantly thwarting
the peronnal liberties of Its members,
and is harsh and unjust in Its attitude
towards the public.
Weakened by Uwk ot Unity
It comes from the mistake of
speaking and thinking of the union as
though It were a body quite apart
from ourselves. In whose deliberations
we havo no voice, but whoso dictators
we are bound to obey, or be visited
with dire punishments.
The assumption of this detached
nttitude tends not only to bring the
organization into disrepute, but to
weaken its power, inasmuch as It Is an
Indication of a lack of that unity
wherein lies strength.
Besides, the officers arc no more
the union than an equal number of
the newest members, and It would be
well for us to remember that when we
blamo the union for anything, wo
blame ourselves equally as much as
any many other member.
It would be better to dslcard the
pronoun "they" and employ "we"
when speaking of the actions taken
by the anion. Each member, in taking his obligation, has shown his acquiescence to the policies of tho organization, and lias a voice and a vote
ln any new legislation which is proposed.
True It Is that often a measure is
passed to which a portion of the Membership Is opposed, and It is then that
tho defeated ones have tho opportunity of showing a truly loyal spirit by
pocketing their chagrin and attempting to take the viewpoint of tho majority, At any rate, they may reserve
a continuance of their opposiilnryuntil
time has verified their good Judghient
or tho reverse.
The Romnn father who iiPtnonntrat-
ed the strength of unity with a bundle
of sticks must have used whole, sound
sticks to make his bundle.   Broken or
WAGE CHANGES
1914 TO 1922
Different Nations Varied Above
and Below Pre-War
Standards
An interesting attempt to determine how far money wages have been
adjusted to the cost of living has been
made by the international labour office of the League of Nations, whose
"Wage Changes in Various Countries.
1914 to 1922," has Just been published.
Conclusions are drawn as to how
the workers stand at present with regard to "real" wages—I.e., after currency and cost of living adjustments
have been made. In the following
countries real wages are found to be
definitely lower than before the war;
Sweden, Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands and Australia. The countries
in which the level ls about the same
as in 1914, or only slightly lower, include the United Kingdom, France,
Belgium, Italy, the United States,
Canada and South Africa.
In Germany, Austria and Bulgaria
real wages are defintely lower than
before the war.
I BRITISH
National with Home and Foreign
Policy, Finance,
Etc.
THE OOST OF GOVERNING
Increases Shown Since 1918—Quebec
$6 a Head—British
Columbia 930
The rising costs of government is
strikingly exemplified in the record
of the provincial governments of Canada. In every Canadian province the
current expenditures are now higher
than they were five years ago. Even
making allowance for increasing population and viewing provincial expenditures on a per capita basis, the expenditures have risen in the case of
many provinces entirely out of proportion to any Increase in the wages
of the workers. In the year 1901 the
total expenditures of all Canadian
provinces were $14,146,059 nnd the
per capita expenditure amounted to
$2.66. In 1321, however, the provinces spent $112,417,862 or an average
expenditure of $12.85 per capita. The
province of Quebec has a very low
governmental expenditure being
roughly $6 per head, whilst British Columbia reaches $30. per head
expenditure, an increase from $15 per
head in 1917. It is significant to remember that whilst the cost of government has risen, the standard of
living of the workers has not risen,
and the vast majority of them are
still getting considerably less than
what is necessary for the bare necessities of life.
BERLIN UNEMPLOYED
Increased by 11,000 Men When Surface Cars Suspended
Operations
A cable dispatch from Berlin
says that the growing unemployment
will be increased by at least 11,000
men, when the surface car transportation Is temporarily suspended today.
Notice of this suspension was given
to the surface car employees here on
August 25th. The reason given by
the officials for cloBing down the services is the falling-off in the trafflc.
With the fare at 100,000 marks, the
peoplo are unable to patronize the
surface cars. The result is that the
company has a dally deficit of 60,000,-
000,000 marks, which the municipality
is unable to defray.
'Men who broke away from agreements except in the way provided by
the agreements wero fighting their
own trade union far more than the
capitalists. Bargains must lie kept.
It was more easy to talk loud, but the
only wny to break down the evil pollt-
cal and economic forces against
them was by behaving lilce men in
whom people could trust."—Ramsay
Macdonald.
The wenlth of the mind Is the only
true wealth, but most people seem to
prefer the kind that Is expressed ln
dollars.
even weak ones would ndd bulk to
tho combination, but little, if any,
strength. So any sort of a member
can ndd to the bulk—size—of this
union, but it is upon the good, sound,
loyal member that It depends for its
Btrength,
Good Business Sense
Loynlty is not only a moral obligation, It Is good business sense, A man
who ls continually Investing money
Into a concern and wns indifferent
about Us welfare would he regarded
as a queer sort of character. A man
who had business and took no Interest
in It would soon find himself on the
list of bankrupts. In the same way,
we are all putting money Into the
union, nnd the fact that we belong
shows that we consider It a necessary
asset to our economic welfare. Therefore, it Is to our Intorest not only to
be concerned ahout how it Is conducted, hut also take a hand in running
it- If wo fall to take this intorest—If
we are passively disloyal—then we are
not only foolish from a business standpoint, but wo also forfeit our moral
right to complain of or criticize the
action k of those fn who.se hands we
leave '.he burden.
So it is quite plain tbat it behooves
all of us to foster and maintain the
spirit of loyalty and to take a lively
interest In the work of the union.
Rome, of course, have other interests,
other enthuslnsms, which tako up
their time and energy, but all can render valuable assistance to the union
In ltn endeavors to secure better working conditions if they will at all times
be loyal to the union—to the profes-
sion.l—and to themselves.
Differs   from   America—Not   a
Olass Party of Trade
Unionists
[By Leader J. Ramsay Macdonald in
New York American]
No country can imitate either the
Institution- or the policies of another
unless the civic mind and the historical traditions of both; are similar.
When representative assemblies or
judicial methods, both apparently essential to good government and Justice, are copied by one people from
another—are transplanted, say, from
the west to the east—only forms are
copied which in their working show
surprising diversity of success and
often disheartening uniformity of
failure.
Therefore, one must hesitate to
compare the labor movements of Great
Britain and America if the purpose is
to make critical comparisons between
one and the other. The striking differences between the two movements
explain the divergence between British and American labor politics today
—why there is no American labor
party.
Dissimilar In Politics
As an organization of trade unions
the American Federation of Labor is
an exact counterpart of the British
Trades Union congress, but the relation of the two bodies to politics is
totally dissimilar. For many years
the British Trades Union congress
would have nothing to do with English politics beyond passing resolutions demanding legislative redress of
wage-earn ers' grievances, and sending
these resolutions to the government
by deputation.
The famous dock strike of 1889 led
to "the new unionism" and the demand for ah Independent labor party,
The old leaders like Broadhurst, Burt,
Pickard, being liberals and sitting In
parliament as liberal-labor members,
all opposed the movement. But the
minority grew steadily until 1899,
when the present labor party was
formed. After five elections it now
has 144 members in the house of com'
mons, being the second largest party.
It is now, therefore, the official opposition to "his majesty's government."
The American Federation has kopt
rigidly to the old policy, depending
upon purely industrial action and at
elections throwing what political
weight it can into the scale of other
political parties upon promises of
support for labor legislation. The British trade unionist has abandoned this
as an Ineffective method.
The great difference between
American and British politics may account for this. Governments have
come far closer to the lives of the peo
pie than they apparently do in Amerl
ca, and political interests are more
steadily followed on this side.
There is a permanence here in our
political allegiances, as tn our marriages.
We do not readily go from party to
party, and when we change we remain
in the new political fellowship which
we have formed.
Party Pledges Futile
Therefore, when the younger trade
union leaders saw that the Industrial
weapon was only one means for labor
Improving conditions, they also saw
that labor could not Influence politics
permanently and on principle by
throwing its weight now Into this
political scale, and now into that, but
It had to form a party holding in poli
tics the Ideas and outlook of an in
dustrial democracy.
Political pledges, given by politicnl
parties for votes, were not only unreliable, but did nol lead to the creation of national policies of a positive
reconstructive  value.
In parliament lhe wage-earners re
quired not only representatives who
had promised to do, or not to do, this
and that, but who looked upon th<
whole field of political activities with
the eye of the citizen workman.
Therefore, we abandoned tb
American Federation of Labor method
aa being antiquated and useless. We
could neilher persuade nor control the
liberal or tory parties, and we set ourselves the task of building up a labor
party on the basis of industrial democracy, and opened its doors to the
workers by brain and to all, irrespective of class or interest, who accepted
its principles nnd adopted Its outlook,
Socialism an Ally *
At this point the second great difference between the American labor
movoment and our own appears.
British socialism is a product of
Brtltlsh political and social conditions. Its smaller faction, depending
upon foreign inspiration, never took
root here and never gained any Influence. Tho Independent labor party,
under the inspiration of Keir Hardle,
M. P., began where radicalism left off,
preached politics In ways familiar to
our people and related the economics
of BOciaHam to our sense of justice
and  practicability.
The result was that it grew steadily
in influence and enlisted among Its
recruits practically all the young
trade unionist lenders of promise,
Com un i n Ity. Not Cluss
Thus, when the Trades Union congress decided to support a labor political party to follow the capitalist not
only to the lobbies but the benches of
the house of commons, it took the
Independent labor party as Us ally and
formed,  not a class  party  of trade
cold
refmhink
fpod
__>W Demand V>/^
Jh*?
BREW
\    occasion 	
This advertisement is not published or displayed hy the Liquor
Control Board or by the Government of British Columbia
unionists, but a truly national party
with ideas on finance, trade, home
and foreign policy, and every other interest with which parliament ls concerned.
It thought of community, not of
class. In its politics it took a much
wider viow of labor's interests than
labor could do in its trado union with
purely workshop problems, and that is
why it hns succeeded.
The American Federation of Labor,
on the other hnnd, never threw itself
open to this liberalizing inbuence, and
has always rigidly opposed itself to
co-operation with socialism as an interpretation of historical evolution and
a guide to further progress. For this,
perhaps, American socialists are not
blameelss. Their affinities were too
mupch with our own impracticable
extremists, who never In a century
could gain an influential following.
Points to Failure
The American labor movement haB
hitherto failed to effect a combination
between the movement in social
thought and idealism, called ln this
country socialism, and the mas.'' uf
workmen organized to protect themselves against the iron pressure of uncontrolled economic power and to secure for themselves in terms of leisure,
wealth and culture a substantial share
In the increasing national product.
Until Home such combination is effected the American labor movement
must remain isolated from the rest of
the world and will be unable to pull ita
full weight in tho demorratic Btruggle
for freedom. This, I venture to say,
is as bad for American labor as It ls
for the health of America.
Can't Ue Did
One thing thnt France aeemti unable to do Is to shoot the Germuu
stork.—Milwaukee Newa.
The "back-to-the-farm" movement
would be all right if it did not break
the back.—Cleveland Press.
IS IT WORTH WHILE
Keeping timber for B. C. Industries--
Keeping alive a prosperous payroll?
Keeping fur and feather in B.C.?
Keeping timber for manufacture?
Keeping a green forest for posterity?
Then-
Prevent Forest Fires
IT PAYS
Fresh Cat Flowen, Funeral Designs. Wedding Ilom|uels, Pol Plant-
Ornamental and Shnclo Treea, grata, Hull).. Fiorina' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLOIUSTS AND Nl'RSERYMKN
48 Hastings Street East        2—STORES—2 055 Granvillo Street
Sey. »88-672 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 85I3.I3DI
UNION STEAMSHIP COMPANY of B.C. Ltd.
Fourteen Passenger unit Freight steamers at your service.
Calling at all Northern 11. C. Const Points, Lumber nnd Mining CnmtM
Canneries and Pulp und Paper Mills
PUINCl. UUP1.KT, ANYOX and STKWAHT
Por furthor particulars upply;
HEAD OFFICES:  UNION DOCK, Ft. CARRALL STREET
Phone Sey. SIM
QTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.  Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399 PAGE FOUR
FIFTEENTH  YEAR.
no. 36 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouveb, b.c.
FRIDAY September   7, 1
PROVIDE finest Hot Water and Warm Air equipment for
the home.   Our Kitchen Ranges for coal, wood, gas or
electricity are the best produced.
—THE—
GURNEY FOUNDRY CO.
LIMITED
Toronto, Montreal, Winnipeg, Vancouver
OCCUPATIONS ^_ir°"°ns
Auth
LABOR AND IMMIGRATION'
Policy    in   Australia    Is     Justified
by   "Nationalist"
Member
Every effort is made by the federal
government to discredit the attitude
of the labor party towards immigration, says the Australian Worker. The
labor party's policy is, "Make preparation for your immigrants before you
get them." Force and Justification ls
given for this by Senator Guthrie,
whom the government put up to blow
the flrst blast of their trumpet in the
senate. This part proprietor of the
people's woollen mills at Geelong
said: "If the landholders were to
make available 10 per cent, of their
properties for share-farming purposes, 16,250,000 acres would at once
be provided." Which means that the
strangle-hold of the squatter ls on
162,500,000 acres of the most fertile
land of the nation, and that the immigrant, when he arrives, can argue
lt out with the rabbits.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
BA-UUSTEB8, SOLIO-TOHS, BIO.
401*408 Mitropelltu Balldinf
837 Button St. W. VAHOOOVEB. B. O.
Tslap-onii: Seymoar 8660 —i 6867
Best $2.50
OLASSES ON EARTH
OOMPLETE WITH
OUB SOIENTIFIO
EXAMINATIONS
Glasses not prescribed unless ab*
sohitely necessary. Examinations
made by graduate Eyesight Specialists. Sstlslacilon guaranteed..
We grind our ova teases. Lenses
duplicated by mall.
Brown Optical
House
Be  snre  ol  the   address—Above
Woolworth's Store, aear
Qranvllle.
Suite 36, Davis Chambers,
816 HASTINOS STBEET WBST
Phoae Sey. 1071
IS
Por
Unemployment  of
Britain—Works
Needed
Qreat
VISIT
"HAPPYIAND"
HASTINGS PARK
Leap the Dips
Merry-Oo-Round
Old Mill
Every afternoon ud evenim,
Adulti 10c;   Children 6c.
DANCING
Wednesdays and Seta-days
S p.m. to 12 p.m.
Finest pavilion   on   the   Pacific
****** „    _
Take Hastings East car, No. 8,
or Powell St. oar, No. 13, to tho
grounds.
Light  refreshments  at  pavilion.
[0m
THREE SAILINGS
EACH WEEK
VANCOUVER
—TO-—
PRINCE RUPERT
Monday
Wednesday
Saturday
12.00
Midnight
FOR
POWELL RIVER
Mon., Sat.
OCEAN FALLS
Mon., Wed., Sat.
SWANSON BAY
Wed., Sat.
STEWART
Wed.
ANYOX
Mon.
QUEEN
CHARLOTTE ILS.
Wed.., June 0th, 8:00 p.m.
and Fortnightly thereafter.
Tourist and Travel Bureau
527 Granville Street
StUl 1,185,000  Adults   Officially
On Unemployed
List
[Labor Press Service]
London, Aug. 17.—The coming winter will be the fourth since the unparalleled world industrial depression
set In with its widespread and persistent unemployment.   Last winter conditions were bad enough, and there
seems little ground for expecting that
they will be substantially better In the
winter   months   Immediately   ahead.
Indeed, the outlook at the moment Is
black, and winter severity will mean
Increasing  distress.      While  we  are
glad to record the fact that there has
been a slight reduction In the number of unemployed persons during recent months, we are unable to draw
much satisfaction from this Improvement, since there are still  1,185,000
men and women officially out of work.
After moro than three full years of
depression with unemployment on an
unprecedented  scale it was scarcely
unreasonable to expect that the government  would  come  forward   with
plans adequate to the gravity of the
problem and calculated to lighten the
lot of the victims of unemployment.
After all, the present government can
not plead that it has been taken unawares,  for unemployment and distress had been prolonged when they
took offlce.   Moreover, there has been
practically   continuity   of ministerial
direction  at    the   ministry  of  labor,
since the present minister has been
associated with it either as principal
or  subordinate   minister  throughout
the  whole   present   Industrial
Yet there was notlhng in his speech
last week to show that he was prepared to deal with  the  problem  in any
drastic and comprehensive way. There
was nothing new to lead the nation
to believe that the whole of the state
resources  were   going   to   be  utilised
in a determined attempt to cope with
the evil.    It is generally agreed that
the work which the government proposes to find will do little more than
provide  employment  for those   who
will bo rendered unemployed during
the winter months, and will leave unprovided for more than a million persons already  out  of work.     Labor,
through its emergency committee on
unemployment, has expressed its deep
dissatisfaction with the government's
proposals, and emphasized the urgent
need for far more drastic measures
than   have   been   prevlosly   adopted.
Again It has detailed positive proposals of a constructive kind, which even
If they were not at once commercially
profitable would  be nationally remu<
nerative., The proposals relate to the
reconditioning and   improvement,   including electrification, of the railway
system; national reorganization of the
supply of electric power; the Immediate taking in hand of the arrears of
school     buildings    and     educational
equipment; the acceleration of affore-
Htatlon.  land   draininge nnd land  reclamation;  thc reorganization of canals arui  waterways;  and  many other
national improvement schemes which
have   been   suggested   from   time   to
time by the labor party.   It is useless
for members of other political parties
to criticize  the  payment and  receipt
of unemployment beneflt If tbey are
not prepared  to  provido useful employment  as an  alternative  to  compulsory   and   costly   Idleness.     Than
labor,    no    party   is   more   anxious
to  secure  the   provision  of  work   ln
preference to the payment of the unemployment   donation.      But   If  the
government, as representing the state,
persistently   refuses   to   furnish   employment to willing workers rendered
idle through no fault of their own,
thon   they   must   not   be   allowed   to
evade  their Imperative duty to provide  adequate   unemployment   benefit
to workless citizens.     Work-'or adequato   maintenance   Is   the   demand
labor makes upon the government.   It
Is tho corner stone of labor's proposals
for  dealing  with   the   unemployment
problem, and the labor party will continue to press for Its full acceptance
by  whatever  government  may be  in
power, so  long as the evil of unemployment remains to harass the workers ond their families.
Acting—Tbe St»go. '
Farco followed   Comedy,   nnd   reach'd   her
prime
In ever lnughing Footo's fantastic time.
Mad wag!    who pardon'd none, nor spared
tho beBt,
And turned some vory serious things to Jest.
Nor   church,   ner   Btate   escaped   his   publie
Bneorg,
AraiB nor lha gown, priests, lawyers volun-
toors;
"Alas, poor Yoricfcl" now forever mntet
Whoever loves a laugh must sigh for Foote,
Wo' smile,  perforce,  when  histrionlo  scenes
Ape tho swoln dialogue of Kings and Queens,
When  "chrononhotonthologos must die"
And Arthur struts in mimic majesty.
Byron—Hints   from   Horace.
Agriculture
Thou   dostroy'st   thy   laboring   steer,   who
till'd,
And plough'd with pains thy else ungrateful  field f
From his yot reoking ncok to draw tho yoke,'
(Thnt nock with which tho surly clods ho
broko).
And to the hntchot yield thy husbandman.
Dryden—Pythagorean Phil-
osphy.
Alchemy
By Firo
Of sooty coal th' empiric alchymist
Can turn, nr holds it possiblo to turn
Metals of drossiest oro to perfect, gold
Milton—Paradise Lost.
Architecture
Architecture in tho work of nations.
Ruskin—True and Beautiful.
No person who is not a great sculptor,
or painter, can bo an architect. If ho is
not a Bculptor or painter, he can only be a
builder. Ruskin—True and Beautiful.
Astronomy
At night astronomers agree.
Prior—Phillis'
Age.
An astronomer rapt in abstraction, whilo
he gazes on a star, must feel more exquisite
delight than a farmer who Ib conducting bis
team. Isaac     Disraeli   — Literary
Character   of     Hen    of
Genius. .
Authorship.
That writer does the most, wbo gives bis
reader the most knowledgo and takes from
him the least time.
C.  O.  Oolton—Lacon
Any man may write at any time if he set
himself doggedly to it.
Sam'l Johnson — Boswell'i
Life of Johnson (1773).
Blacksmithing
Curs'd be that wretch (Death's factor sure)
who brought,
Dire   swords into   the  peaceful world,   and
taught
Smiths, who before could only make
Tho spade,  the ploughshare, and the  rake,
Arts iu most cruel wise
Man's left t' epitomize.
Cowley—In Commendation of
the Time (Charles II.)
We Live In.
Masons '
Tho elder of them, being put to nurse,
And, ignorant of his birth and parentage,
Bocame a bricklayer whon ho came to age.
Shakespeare — Henry    VI.
(pt.   it,   act   iv,   so.   2).
Medicine
Physicians mend or end us,
Secundum artcm: but although we sneer
In health—when ill, we call thom to attend
us,
Without the least propensity to jeer.
Byron—Don Juan.
Extreme remedies are very appropriate for
extreme diseases.
Hippocrates—Aphorism I.
Mercantile
Tho calculations of tho counting-room Involve consequences beyond tho accumulation
of wealth. They aio made, not merely for
the actual necessities nnd artificial requirements of society, but they bring from atrango
lands, new objects for investigation, and sug*
gCBtlons which givo encouragement to
thought. Frcemnn    Hunt — Lives    of
American Merchants.
Military
And though tho warrior's sun hns sot
Its light shnll linger round ub yet,—
Bright, radiant, blest.
Don Jorgo Maurique—Copias
Do Maurique. Trans,
by  Longfellow.
He stands erect; his slouch becomes a walk,
Ho BtepB right onward, martial in his air,
His form and movement.
Cowper—Tho TaBk.
Drummer, strike np, and let ub march away.
Henry VI, act iv.
Musicians
Of all artists, musicians are most exclusive in devotion to their own art, and in the
want of sympathy, if not absolute contempt,
for other arts.
Mrs. Jamieson — Studies.
Music and Musicians.
Softly her fingers wander o'er
The yielding planks of the ivory floor.
Benj. F. Taylor—Songs of
Yesterday.
Navigation
O pilotl 'tis a fearful night,
There's danger on the doep.
Thos. Haynes Bayley—The
Pilot.
And the stately ships go on
To their haven under the hill.
Tennyson — Break,
Break.
Break,
Tobacconists
To smoke a cigar through a mouthpiece is
equivalent to kissing a lady through a respirator. A  Veteran   of   Smokedom—
Tho    Smoker's    Guide,
Ch. V.
Yob, social friend, I love theo well.
In learned doctors'  spito;
Thy clouds all other clouds dispel
v And lap me in delight.
Charles     Spraguo—To     My
Cigar.
TonBorial
I must to tho barber's; for, mothinks, I
am marvellous hairy about tho face.
Midsummer   Night's   Dream.
Act IV. Sc. 1.
Ho that hath a beard Ib more than a
youth; and he that hath no beard is less
tban a man:
Much   Ado   About   Nothing.
Act II. So. 1.
Umbrella-makers
Good housewives all tho winter's rage des-
pise.
Defended by the riding-hood's disguise;
Or, underneath the umbrella's oily sbnde.
Safo through the wet on  clinking patterns
tread.
Let Persian dames tho umbrella's ribs display,
To guard thoir beauties from the sunny ray;
Or sweating Blaves support the fihndy load,
When   Eastern   monarchs   show   thoir   stato
abroad;
Britain in winter only knows its nid.
To guard from chilling showers the walking
maid.
Gay—Trivia,   Bk.   I.,   Lino
209.
Undertakers
Ye undertakers! tell us,
'Midst all the gorgeous figures you exhibit,
Why is the principal conceal'd, for which
You make this mighty stir?
Blair—Tho  Funeral  Procession.
What is he, that builds stronger than
either tho mason, the shipwright, or the carpenter! Hamlet, Act V. Sc. 1.
RANK Al FILE
Convention   of   Civil   Servants
Completes   Its
Labors
INDIGESTION
Relieved ln two minutes with
JO-TO
ir stomach all quickly
Drug	
Gaa. acid, sour, barnlni
relieved with JO-TO.
Butchering
Who   finds   the  heifer   dead,   and   bleeding
fresh,
And sees fast by a butcher with an axe,
But   will   suspect   'twas   ho   that made  the
slaughter.
Shakespeare—Henry VI.
Cabinet-Make rs
Necessity  invented  stools
Convenience next suggested elbow-chairs,
And Luxury the acconiplish'd Sofa last.
Cowper—Tho   Task.
Carpentry.
If   they   cannot cut   it   may be  said  his
Saws are toothless,  and his Hatchets lead,
Pope—Epilogue   to    Satires.
He talks of wood; it is Borno carpenter.
Shakespeare—Henry VI,
Culinary
We may live without poetry, music and art,
Wo may  live without   conscience,   and livo
without heart;
We may livo without friends; wo may live
without  books:
But civilized man cannot livo without cooks.
Owen  Meredith—Lucille.
Dancing
On with the dancel   let joy bo unconfin'd;
No sleep till morn, when Youth and Pleasure
meet.      Byron—Childe  Harold
Dentistry
My  curse upon  thy vonom'd stang,
That shoots my tortured gums along;
And through my lugs gies many a twang,
Wi'  gnawing vengeance;
Tearing my nerves wi'  bitter pang,
Liko racking engines 1
Burns — AddreBB to the
Toothache.
Hatters
My new straw hat,  that's truly lin'd with
green,
Let Peggy wear.
Gay—Shepherd's Week.
Inn-Keeping
Who'er has travelled life's  dull round,
Wher'er his  stages  may  havo  been,
May sigh to think he still has found
Tho warmest welcome at an Inn.
Shenstone—Written   on   the
Window of Inn.
There is no teaching until the pupil
Ib brought into tbe same state or principle
in which you nm; a transfusion takes place,
he is you, and you are he; there is a teaching; and by no unfriendly chance or bad
company cnn he ever quite lose the benefit.
Emerson—Essay of Spiritual
Laws.
, Invention.
The golden hour of invention must terminate liko other hours, and when the man
of genius returns to tho cares, the duticB,
the vexatious, and the amusements of life,
his companions behold hirn ns one of tliem*
•elves—the creature of habits nnd li ,'lrini*
ties. Isaac Disraeli—Men of Gen
ius.
Jewelry
These gems have life In them;    their colors
speak
Say whnt words fall of.
George    Eliot--Thc    Spanish
Gypsy
Journalism
Four hostile  newspapers  are more   to  be
feared  thnn  a thousand   bayonents.
Napoleon   Bonaparte.
The great art in writing advertisements, in
the finding out a proper method to catch
the reader's eye; without a good thing may
pass over unobserved, or be lost among commissions of  bankrupt.
Addison—Tho   Tatler.
Law.
One   of   the   seven   wbb   won' t   to   say:
"That laws were like cobwebs;   where the
siiiiill all  flies were  caught,  and the  great
break  through,"
Bacon—Apothegms.
Lnws grind tho poor, and rich men rule
tho  law. Goldsmith—The Traveller
Where  law   ends,   tyrrany  begins
Earl of Chnthnm—Speech of
Jan. 9, 1770. Case of
Wilks.
Livery
Go cull a conch, nnd let n coach be cnllt
And let the mnn who calleth be the callei
Anti in his calling let him nothing call,
Hm Conch I   Conchl   Conch I   O for n coach,
ye gods I    Henry     Carey — Chrononho<
tonthologos.
Machinery
The narrowest hinge In my hand puts to
scorn all machinery,
Walt   Whitman — Leaves  of
Glass.
O the engineer's joys I
To go with a locomotive I
To hear the hiss of steam—the merry shriek
—tho     steam-whistle—the     laughing
locomotive 1
To push with resistless way, and speed off
in distance.
Walt    Whitman—Poems    of
Joys.
Yc mariners of England)
That guard our native seas;
Whose flag has brav'd a thousand years
The battle and the breeze I
Campbell—Ode. Ye Mariners of England.
Painting
A picture is n poem without words.
' Horace.
And those that paint them truest praise
them most. Addison—The Campaign.
Perfumery
In virtues nothing earthly could surpass hor,
Save thine "incomparable oil," Macassar!
Byron—Don Juan.
Sabean odors from the spicy shore
Of Arabic thc blest.
Milton—Paradise Lost.
Post
Thy lotter, sent to prove me,
Inflicts no sense of wrong;
N» longer wilt thou lovo me,—
Thy lotter, though, fs long.
Heine—Book of Songs. New
Spring.
A stray volume of real life in the daily
packet of tho postman. Eternal love, and
instant payment.
Douglas Jerrold—Specimen's
of Jerrold's Wit. Tho
Postman's   Budget.
Pottery
A potter near his modest cot
Was shaping many on urn and pot;
He took tho clay for thc earthen things
From beggars' feet and heads of kings.
Omar Khnyynm — Boden-
stedt.
Preaching
It Ib n good divine thnt follows his own
instructions; I can easier tench twenty whnt
wore good to be done, thnn to be one of the
twenty to follow mine own tenchings.
Merchant of Veice. Act 1.
sc.  2.
Petitions the Court to Ban Bootleggers Plying Trade on
Premises
'Moonshine" Make Some Members "Full of Fight" at
Printing
Though an  angel should write,  still   'tis
devils must print.
Moore—The Fridges in England.
Tbe jour printer with gray head and gaunt
jaws works at his case,
He turns his quid of tobneco, while his eyes
blurr with the manuscript.
Walt    Whitman—Leaves    of
Grass.
If I should publish this poem for you,
speaking as a trader, I shall be a considerable loser. Did 1 publish all I admire, out
of sympathy with the author, I should bo a
ruined man.       Bulwor-Lytton—My Novel,
Quarrying
And him who breaks the quarry-ledge;
With    hammer-blows,    plied    quick    and
strong.     Bryant—The   Song   of   the
Sower.
Sculpture
And the cold marble leapt to life a god.
Milman ■— The     Belvedere
Apollo.
So stands the statue that enchants the world,
So bending tries to veil the matchless boast,
The mingled beauties of exulting Greece.
Thomson — Tho    Seasons,
Summer.
Shoemaking
When some brisk youth, tho tenant of a stall,
Employs a pen less pointed than an nwl,
Leaves his snug shop, forsakes his store of
shoes,
St. Crispin quits, and cobbluB for thc muse,
Heavens! how the vulgnr stare I how crowds
applaud t
How ladles rend, nnd literati laud I
Ye tuneful cobblers! still your notes prolong,
Compose at onco a slipper and a song;
So shall the fair your handiwork peruse,
Your sonnets sure shnll plensc—pcrhnpB your
shoes.      Byron—English   Bsrds   nnd
Scotch Reviewers.
The shoemaker mnkes a good shoe because
he makes nothing else.
Emerson—Letters and Social
Alms,
Where the shoe pinches.
Plutarch—Life   of   Aeml
•   Paulus.
Statesmanship
A disposition to preserve, end nn ability
to   improve,   tnken   together,   would   be  my
standard of a statesman.
Burke—Reflections    on    the
Revolution In France.
Statesman, yet friend to Truth, of soul sincere,
In action faithful, and In honor clear;
Who broko no promise, serv'd no private end,
Who gain'd no title, and who lost no friend;
Kiimbled by himself, by all approv'd.
And prais'd, unenvy'd, by the Muse he lov'd.
Pope—Moral Essnys, Ep. V.
Tailoring
I'll be nt charges for a looking glass;
And entertain a score or two of tnilors
To study fashions to adorn my body.
Richard III.    Act I.    Sc. 2.
A recent despatch says that a petl
tlon for a court Injunction to prevent
bootleggers from plying their trade
on the premises of the United
Building Trades council of Boston,
filed August 25th, In the Suffolk Superior court, by Earnest A. Johnaon,
secretary of the council, marks the
flrst occasion that union labor has ap>
pealed to the courts for relief and
protection, said Herbert A. Kenny, at
torney for Mr, Johnson.
"Although labor has always been
suspicious of what it calls 'govern
ment by injunction,' it has Invoked It
on this occasion, and it Is a signlflcant
event in the labor world," said Mr.
Kenny. "It shows a willingness to appeal to the power and help of the
courts where a moral issue is involved,
as in this case. The infamous methods of these" bootleggers has brought
danger and demora__-ation both to the
organization and to its individual
members," lt was pointed out.
In describing the Injury that this
bootlegging had done to the building
trades, Mr. Kenny says:
"The trade Is very hazardous. In
some branches of it men perform labor
often at great heights, where they
need to be alert, wide awake, clearsighted, intelligent. Great misfortunes
has come to, many of them because
they are incapacitated from moonshine. More than that, accidents and
peril to the men who have drunk the
liquor involve also the peril of their
fellow workers.
"Another result of this situation is
seen at the Building council meetings.
Often a few members are so under the
influence of the poison these liquor
agents hnve sold them that they
launch into excited, lengthy meaningless, harangues, and become quarrel*1
some and "full of flght." Business
cannot be attended to, meetings cannot accomplish anything. The result is
that so many members have become
disgusted with this, that they stay
away from the meetings, and the council has been seriously hampered In Its
proper functionlngs."
Dominion   Now   Turning   More
Towards Amalgamation
■[By Editor Organizer]
Any association of men and women
banded together for mutual aid and
advancement, if it is to continue to]
progress, must be governed by the
rank and flle—from the bottom up.
Reforms never como from the top,
but always from tho bottom; this Is
as true of welfare organizations as lt
is of nations and peoples, A convention of the Amalgamated Civil Servants has Just completed its labors.
Wo were struck with the earnestness
and sincerity of the delegates, their
desire to "know the worst," to get
their feet flrmly planted on a solid
foundation from only which real progress can be made. They made no
attempt to deceive themselpes as to
the obstacles to be met on the road
to unity, both from within and without the service. Large masses move
with comparative slowness, which ls
sometimes mistaken for conservative-
ness, so our efforts to bring the civil
servants of Canada together, while not
making the rapid headway that some
may have imagined, is nevertheless
showing stealy progress—and that is
the chief point. This progress does
not show itsolf so much in increased
membership as it does in the encouraging fact that the mind of the civil
servant throughout the Dominion Is
turning more and more towards the
Idea of amalgamation.
This Is where the real progress lies,
and to continue along these lines, It Is
essential that we keep our organization completely under the control of
the rank and flle.
Any association "run by Its officers'
not only tends to smother all Initiative among the membership, but often
builds up a machine that makes further progress Impossible. It ls to tho
rank and file we must look for aggressiveness and reforms, for it it
they who suffer moat from crude orders wrapped in red tape.
To those delegates who have gone
back to their membership with renewed hope, we would say, keep pegging away, and If at-times you may
feel discouraged at the apathy and
indifferenco of those to whom you
would "speak the words of salvation,
remember "Rome was not built ln a
day."
To the civil servant who is "halting
between two opinions" our best ad'
vice is to weigh the facts carefully and
decide whether or not your true interest lies in coming together and
throwing in your lot with your fellows;
or in remaining isolated as Individuals,
or in separate associations, and having decided, act!
a******.
COFFEE
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin'
UNITED STATES
STILL OSES UU
Thirty-eight States Still Pei
Flogging-   of
Prisoners
In a previous Issue publicity
given to the case of Martin Ta
who was brutally beaten to deat
a Florida prison camp by one of
whippers. There are thousand;
cases of similar brutal treatmer
the United States, but the factJ
brought to light only at rare t\
when some drunken boss acciden
beats a prisoner to death.
Only ten states in tho whole cou
prohibit by law the flogging of
oners—and the practice iB not conl
to the south. Official investigate
the Ohio Reform school, Lanca
last year brought out the fact tha
averago of 17 boys were chas
every day—hushed on their bare
flogged with leather straps, and pi
in steel shackles. One boy had
144 floggings in a year.
At Pontlac reformatory, 111!
boys are beaten insensible with c
at Chester, It was brought out Ir
testimony of a boy 18 years of a(
the criminal court of Cook county
guards permit one of the insane
oners to terrorize and beat the pi
en*. The boy exhibited scars <
head and body, where he had
struck with an iron bar.
St. Charles' boys school of II!
forces the boya to Inflict tho most
gusting form of punishment
themselves.—R. R.
On October 1st, the Brotherhood of
Locomotive Engineers intend to open
a bank at New York, similar to that
operated at Cleveland, Ohio.
No Voto for Orientals
As far as thc franchise Ib involved
it la the fixed determination of every
whito citizen.of British Columbia that
no Oriental, whether Hindu, Britlah
subject, Chinese or Japanese, shall
have an electoral share ln shaping the
political and economic destiny of this
province.—Vancouver "World.
Ask Increases In Wages
Word has been sent out from New
Orleans, La., that while workmen in
shipbuilding and metal trades In that
city are demanding a sharp Increase
in wages to cover advances In the cost
of living, employers are making arrangements to reduce wages. The cut
not only will affect this port, but all
shipyards along the Atlantic and Gulf
coasts, according to an agreement between employers at a recent meeting
in  Philadelphia.
To Keep Out Drifters
As  minister  of  labor,  Hon.
Manson will co-operate to the
extent with civic officials In ord
take care of the unemployment
tion In Vancouver this fall and
sure as far as possible that thl:
is not overrun with out-of-works
eastern  points.    Word  to  this
wns received  from Victoria rec
the attorney-gen eral offering to
the  resources of the  provincia
partment of labor at the dlspbs
the city to assist the mayor and si
committeo in charge of this wor
WILLIAM TEL
CIGARS
UNION-MADE
BEST on the MARK!
To Past and Future
Patients
JUST returned from a Post Graduatl
Course where  I  received the verl
latest methods of restoring people t|
mal state of health.
PHONE SEYMOUR 8533 FOR
APPOINTMENT
Dr. LEE HOLDER!
74 Fairfield Building
Hiith yi
What a fine man
ur tailor mado you I
Masi-inger — City
Act I. Sc. -.
Taa Dealers
Toa I   thou   Reft,   (hou   sober,   sage,   and
vunorable liquid;      . thou femnlo
tongue-running, smile-smoothing- heart-opening, wink-tippling cordial, to whose glorious
Insipidity I owe the happiest moment of
my life, let me fall prostrate.
Gibber—Lady's Last Stake.
let L Sc. 1.
100 Per Cent CANADIAN
BEER
Do you realize when ordering Britannia Beer every cent staj
in British Columbia?   No Million Brick Pile to drain B.
therefore remember
BRITANNIA BEER
It Can't Be Beat
Order From Your Nearest Government Vendor I'RIDAT September  7, 1988
FIBTBBNTH TBAR.    Ub.  M BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERAWOOT§TvANCOUVBRiB.C.
PAGE FtVB
Expression Plates
That
LOOK WELL
FIT WELL
WEAR WELL
PAINLESS
DENTISTRY
has been my constant
study for many years,
and my offlce is equipped lo ensure the utmost personal comfort
to my patients during
treatment,
AIY Expression Plates are the outcome of
many   yeara   of   experiment and improvement, until    now   they are the last
word in dental science and artistry.
Moulded so as to fit your mouth perfectly;
rigid, comfortable, and aB efficient In masticating food as your own natural teeth.
In fact, they overcome every objection you
could possibly have to the use of a plate.
I Bhall bc pleased to show you models of
these plates, and to estimate on the work
you require. My work ls of the highest
type, and my fees are quite moderate.
DR. BRETT ANDERSON
17 YEARS' PRACTICE IN VANCOUVER.
Formerly Member of tbe Faculty of tbe College of Dentistry, University of
Southern   California;    lecturer on  Crown   and Bridge  Work;    demonstrator In Plate Work und Operative  Dentistry,   local and
goneral nnacthcata,
602 Hastings Street West
Cornor Seymour Phone Seymour 3331
Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
WRITTEN 16-YEAR GUARANTEE GIVEN
WHITE ROCK
««*«««       ******     ******       ******
The Long Beach of British Columbia
THE INDIAN LEGEND OP THE WHITEf reaches ita height at the aquatic sports
Vancouver Unions
IfANGOUVER     TRADES     AND     LABOR
Counoil — President, R. H. Neelanda,  M.
Ej, A.; general secretary, Percy R. Bongough.
)ffico: BOS, 819 Pender St. West. Pbone Sey.
'496, Heeta in Labor Hall at 8 p.m. on
he flrst and third Tuesdays In month
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL--
J Meets second Monday in the month. Pro-
■ildunt. J. R. White; socretary, R. H. Neel-
lsnds, P. 0. Box ""
I'EDERATED LABOR PARTS, 14b OOK-
dova Streot West—Business meetings
very Wednesday ovening. A. Maclnnis,
bairman; E, H. Morrison, aec-troas,; Qeo,
>. Harrison, 1182 Parker Street, Vancouver,
). C, corroBpondinK secretary.
!i Any district in British Colombia desiriug
nformation ro (securing speakers or the formation of local branches, kindly communicate
nth provincial Secretary J. Lyle Tolford,
>2i Birks Bldg., Vancouvor, B. 0. Tole-
shone Seymour 1382, or Fairmont 4933.
BAKERY SALESMEN, LOCAL 871—MoBts
I Bocond Thursday evory month, 319 Pender
Street West. President, J. Bright-well;
-nanciul Becrotary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth
\\c.  East<
I
toURJiEVMfcia" BARBERS' 1NTERNATI0N-
■■ AL Union ot America—Local 120, Van*
■:ouver, B. C, meots second and fourth Tueu*
"lays in each month In Room 818—819 Pen*
ler Street West.    President, 0. E. Herrett,
il Hastings   Street  East;   secretary,  A.  B.
Tani, 320 Cambie Street, Shop phone, Sey.
_ Residence phone. Doug. 2171R.
INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF
B oil u nn alters, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
frs of America, Local 194—Meetings first
nd third Mondays in each month. Pros!*
lent, P. Willis; secretary, A. Fraser, Offloo:
toom 803—1-19 Pender Street West.    Offlco
tours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 3 to 6 p.m.	
.RICKLAY KRS AND MASONS—Ir you need
bricklayers   or  masons   for   boiler  works,
^vtc,  or  marble setters,  pbone   Bricklayer*'
^pJnion, Labor Temple.	
^JNITKD BROTHERHOOD OF CARPEN"
j TER8 and Joiners, Local 452—President,
Jt. W. Hatloy; recording Becrotary, \V. Page;
KnslneiSB agent, Wm. Dunn. Offlco: Room
B04—-319 Ponder Street West. Meets socond
>nd fourth Mondays, 8 p.m.,  Room  5, 819
feder Street West.	
2LV10   EMPLOYEES   UNION—Meeta   first
ind third Fridays In each month, at 14ft Cor*
lova Streot Weet.    Presidont, David Cuthlll,
62 Albert Street; secretary-treasurer, Geo.
pgrrlson, 1182 Parker Street.	
ENGINEERS — INTERNATIONAL UNION
I Steam and Oporating, Local 844—Meota
livery Thuraday at 8 p.m., Room 807 Labor
■Temple. Preaident, J, Flynn; business agent
And financial secretary, F. S. Hunt; recording
■■tecreUry, D. Hodges'	
HfiTT'FlRKFiaHTERS   UNION   NO.   18-^
T^ President, Neil MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
KecreWry, 0. A. Watson. No, 8 Firehall.
laENERAL    LABORERS    UNION—MEETS
every first and third Monday in room 312*—
119 Fender Street West.    President,   J.   B.
law thorne; financial secretary, A. Padgham,
Ioyce Road Post Offlce, Vancouver, B. Ci
ecordlng secretary, G. Tether, 2249—45th
Ive, Bast, Vancouver, B. C. 
[OTEL AND RESTAURANT Employee!
Union, Local 26—Ul Seymour Street,
leets first and third Wednesdays at 2:80
m. Second and fourth Wednesdays at
:30 p.m. Executive board meets every
ueaday at 8 p.m. President, W. A. Colmar1
uaincu agent, A. Graham.   Phone Seymour
111.	
UMBER WORKERS INDUSTRIAL UNION
OF CANADA—An industrial union of all
orkers In logging and conatructlon camps,
sast District and General Headquarters, 61
irdova Street West, Vancouver, B. 0,
hone Beymour 7856. J, M, Clarke, general
icretary-treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs,
ird, Macdonald ft Co,, Vancouver, B. 0.;
idltors, Messrs. Buttar A Oblene, Vancou*
. B. 0^
IACHINISTS LOCAL 182—President, Lee
George; secretary, J, G. Keefe; business
jent, P. R. Bengough. Office: 809, 319
snder Stroet, West. Moets in Room 818—
19 Pender Stroet West, on firat and third
inrsdays in month, 
LCHtNISTS  LOCAL  692—President,   Ed.
Dawson;   secretary,    R.   Hirst;   business
mt,   P.   R.   Bengough,    Office:   309—819
ider  Streot WeBt.    Meets  in Room  8—
> Pendor Streot Wost, on second and 4th
Jsdays In month. 
■ SICIANS       MUTUAL       PROTECTIVE
JNION, Local 146, A. F. ot M.—Meets at
.iso Hall,  Homer Stroet,  second  Sunday,
16 a.m.   President, Ernest 0. Miller, 991
son Stroet;  aooretary, Edward Jamieson,
Nelson Street; flnanclal aooretary, W. E.
Hams,  991   Nelson  Street;   organiser, F.
,cher, 091 Nelson Street. 
CTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, DECORA-
ORS and Paperhangers of America, Local
, Vancouver—Meets 2nd and 4th Thurs-
s at 146 Cordova Street West.    Phone,
, 8510.    Business Agent, H. D. Collard.
E   DRIVERS,   BRIDGE,   WHARF AND
ock Builders, Locat No. 3404—Meets at
Hastings Street West every Friday, at 8
. Jas^ Thompson, flnanclal secretary.
LOR'B' UNION OF THE PACIFIC,  135
rdova St. West, P. 0. Box 671,   Phone
38.   Meetings every Monday at 7:80
Iih.   J. Pearson, business agent. 
15DERATED SEAFARERS' UNION OF B.
0.—Meeting nights, flrst Tuesday and 3rd
,'lday of eaoh month at headquarters, 318
irdova Street West.    President, D. Gillcs*
o; vico-presldent, John Johnson; eecretary-
oasurer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Cor
iva Street West.   Branch agent's address:
.'.  Worrall,   576  Johnson  Street,   Victoria,
t 0. _	
TREET AND ELECTRIO RAILWAY EM-
ployeos, Pioneor Division, No. 101—Meets
. P, Hall, Eighth and Kingsway, 1st and
d Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m. Preient, F. A. Hoovor, 2409 Clarke Drive;
cording secretary, F. E. Griffin, 447—6th
I ire, East*; treasurer, A F, Andrew; Jinan*
si secretary and business agent, W, H, Cot*
bit, 166—17th Ave. W. Office, eorner Prior
id Main Streets. Phono Fairmont 4504Y
lURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
fAmerica, Local No. 178—Meetings held
|nt Monday ln eaoh month, 8 p.m. Presl*
fnt, A. R. Gatenby; vice-president, Mrs.
[ilk; recording secretary, C, McDonald, P.
Box 508; financial becrotary, P. McNetsh,
fO. Box 506. 
JOIETY FOR TECHNICAL AID TO SO-
'vtet Russia—Vancouver branch meets first
d third Sundays each month, 2 p.m., at 61
irdova Btreet West, For information write
branch secretary, B, T. A. 8. R., 61 Cnr-
va Btreet West,- Vancouver, B, 0,	
frpOORiVPHICAL UNION, No. 226—Presi*
[dent, R. P. Pettipiece: vlco-prosident J.
1. Bryan; secretary-treasurer, R, H. Nee*
Inds, P. 0. Box 66. Meets last Sunday of
fteh month at 2 p.m, In Labor Hall,  319
Bender Btreet West 	
■HE VANCOUVER THEATRICAL feder-
■ ATION—Meots at 091 NeUon Street, at 11
Jim. on the Tuesday preceding the 1st Sun-
flay of the month.   President, E. A. Jamie-
Save Your Money
BY BUSING IN THE LOW-
RENT DISTRICT
Amherst Make HcmUstitch Boot-
Men's $4.95; Boys, $4.35;
Youths, $3.75; Little Gents',
$-.90.
Boy's  B.  K.  School     Iktots,  to
5%    "....$3.25
Youths'    $3.50
Littlo  Gents, at  $2.25
Boys'  heavy ribbed  hose   (our
special), 0 to 10; 3 pairs $1.00
Men's   flne   Blue   Serge   Pants,
special, at  $5.00
Men's gre>* Tweed Pants....$3.50
Boys'     sergo     Knickers     and
Bloomers  $1.50 and $2.00
Men's Black Sateen Engineers'
Caps   25c, 35c and 50c
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings, Hats, Boots and Shoes
2313 MAIN STREET
(Between 7t_ And 8th Avenues)
Phone Falnnont 4859
Patronize Federationist advertisers.
<_>0$mm
OBPKEUmV CIRCUIT VAUDEVIUE'
The Best ln Vaudeville
FOUR DATS—Starting Wed., Sept.  1_|
The F0US MORTONS
WILLIAM EDMUNDS & CO.|
DOOLEY & MORTON
GEORGE LYONS
WILLIE ROLLS
Attractive   Pictures,   Orphenm   Oonc«rt|
Orchestra
MATINEES:
THURSDAY
FRIDAT
SATURDAY
Orpheum Popular
Prices
Sey. 852
OITY OF VANCOUVEB,  B. 0.
Tenders for Boots
THE   undersigned will receive tenders  up
to   WednoBday   noon,   tho    17th  day  of
September, for the Bupply of approximately
180 pairs ot boot.* for Police Department,
JAMES STUART,
Purchasing Agent.
COBPOBATION OF POINT OBEY
Tenders for Street Lighting System
THE COUNCIL is prepared to receive tenders for tho installation of an underground system of street lighting In the area
betwt'ou King Edward Avenue ou thc north,
Thirty-third Avenue on the south, Oak Street
nn the east, and the Vancouver and Lulu
Island Rnilwny track on tbe west, nlso between Thirty-third Avenue on the north,
Thirty-seventh Avenuo on the south, Granville Stroot on tho oast, and Marguerite
Stroot on tbo west.
The Installation shall include the supplying of aU materials und the Inying and
eroding of same In place, according to plans
and specifications to be obtained from the
Municipal Electrician. A fee of $10 is required for each set of plans and specifications so obtained, which fee will be returned
on receipt of a' bona flde tender,
Tenders must be submitted on forms obtained on application to the Municipal Electrician; tenders on any other form will bo
rejected,
A deposit by certified cheque, payable to
tho Corporation, of 5% of the nmount tendered is required with each tender as security that tho accepted tenderer will enter into
tho contract and provido tho required bond.
Thc Council does not bind itsolf to accept the lowest or any tender.
Tenders, endorsed "Tendor for Stroot
Lighting Installation,' must roach tho undersigned by 5 p.m. of Monday, Septombor
17,   1923.
HENRY FLOYD, C.M.C
Municipal Hall, S851 West Boulevard,
Vancouver,  B.  0.
After-Eating   Distress
And all forma of stomach trouble, auoh ae
gas, pains, acid, sour, burning stomach are
all relieved tn two minutes by taking
JO-TO
•To-To sold by all Druggists.
son, 991 Nelson St.; Secretary, 0. H. Wll*
Hams, 991 No'son St _ Business Agent, F.
Fletcher, 091 Nelson St.
WORKERS' PARTY OF CANADA—303%
Pendor Street West. Business meetings
evory 1st and Srd Wednesday every month,
M. CarpendaJe, corresponding secretary; 0.
Tether, financial secretary; J. Halliday,
brgngh organizer,
PRINCE RUPERT TYPOGRAPHICAL
UNION, No. 418—President, S, D. Macdonald, secretary-treainrer, J. M. Campbell,
P. 0. Box 689. Meets laat Thursday of eaeh
month*
ROCK
Wonderfully isolated a great White Rock
stands in the ourved hollow of Semiahmoo
Bay, like a sentinel of the sea, and given
its name to the beautiful beach which Ib
the summer playground of sojourning people
of Southern British Columbia and Northern
Washington.
Whence came this rockf Piercing together fragments of hiBtory one finds this legend;
Far back in tho misty past, a mighty sea
god dominated the entiro coast of what Is
now known as tfie Gulf of Georgia.
The soa god had a son, a veritable Sam*
son of the Pacific Coast, On the shores of
the gulf a tribe of tbo Lumml Indians lived.
Their chiof had a beautiful daughter.
One day when this lovely Indian princess
wbb bathing in the waters of the gulf, the
son of the sea god left bis cavern and rose
to the surface beside her,
He fell ln love at first sight and won hor
by carrying her off to his homo beneath the
sea.
The sea god wbb angry and ordered hia
son to return the girl to her tribe. But
when they presented themselves before the
old Indian chief, tho latter adopted the same
language as the young man's father had.
The son of tho sea god was not dismayed,
"We will mako a new home for ourselves
and establish a new tribe," he said to his
beauteous bride.
"But where," she said.
"See this stone," he Baid, and he raised
in his powerful arms a huge rock, "This
stone I will hurl over the waters, and it
shall guide us to our new home,"
He cast tho stone over the gulf. High
over the mountains it went and as It rose
the son of the soa god clasped his bride to
his arms, dived into the sea and swam off
in the direction taken by the great boulder.
Tbe rock fell in tbe hollow of tho shimmering bay of Semiahmoo. There tbe young
couple established their home. In time a
mighty tribe grew up around the bay.
Tlie  most popular  Summer  Resort
of British Columbia, and fast
becoming attractive as a
Winter Resort.
Where men and women gather together for rest, from year round work
and city attractions, nature unspoiled
welcomes the sons and daughters of
men to White Rock. For wonderfully lavish array of nature provided
seashore diversions White Rock excels. Walking was man's first and
surest means of locomotion, and in
early days the Indians of the Interior
walked with their squaws and families to the shore at White Rock, for
their summer excursions, feasted, fished and hunted the summer through,
and returned once moro on foot in
the fall. That they feasted on the
clams and other crustacae of the seashore Is evidenced by the hugh deposits of clam and other shells, found
in different sections of the neighbouring shores to-day. The Indian visits
marked the first beginning of seashore travel, flrst he walked, eventually ho attached two poles to a pony,
their ends dragging on the ground,
and with this rude means of transportation his offspring were provided
for, but Madam, also tlie brave, still
walked and hanging from her brown
shoulders and arms as she marched
through the woods to their Inland
winter quarters, were great strings of
dried clams; for the squaw bore the
burden of the winter's edibles. Then
came the white man; and his civilization had advanced him to wagons,
until later the locomotive whistle
shrieked to the accompaniment of the
breakers roar. Man advanced his
method and speed, and at the present
time is whirled from the city to the
sea-side by automobile or train,
Poclflo Highway
Many prefer the automobile to the
train to reach White Rock, which has
been made .much more agreeable by
the opening of the Pacific Highway
which Is now paved all the way from
Vancouver to Blaine. White Rook
is so close to the boundary—only
some three miles from the City of
Blaine, and close to the now famous
Peach Arch, which can be seen brlll-
ianly Illuminated at night. Only two
miles off the Pacific Highway pavement—and these two miles must be
■paved before long, brings it within
easy driving distance of Vancouver
und New Westminster, taking about
one hour and a half from Vancouver
and forty-five minutes from New
Westminster. It Is so geographically situated that it cannot be overlooked as one of the best summor
resorts on the coast. Its bathing
beaches, with miles of pure sand to
temper the tidal flow, and being entirely free from treacherous underflow, are unsurpassed anywhere, and
one can take, the family down to the
sea-shore and allow the little ones to
paddle  or swim   with  perfect safety.
Whito Rock Is doubly favored with
the Pacific Ocean, and being situated
In the hollow of Semlnhamoo Bay,
with all that this Implies in safe sailing, bathing, crabbing, and every
form of seashore recreation White
Rock, while essentially a summer resort, has every city facility. It
boasts of a modern picturo show, a
large auditorium for dancing or other
entertainments, drug store, real estate offices, bank, churches, grocery
stores, meat markets and other shopping centres.
It has Its own water supply and
electric light and telephone service.
Visitors Rendezvous I
Being on tho main line of the Great
Northern Railway, a good service of!
trains mako it easily accessible to the
larger towns of Washington and British Columbia. The stago lines
between Beilingham and White Rock
pass through four times dally.
It also has a new tennis court, on
which during the summer months
open-air dances are hold The government pier, nearly a quarter of a
mile in length, Is a favorite rendo-
vous of visitors nightly, who watch
tho glorious sunsets, which cannot be
surpassed on tho Pacific Coast.- '
The winter population ls about 1200
being chiefly employed at the Campbell River Lumber Company's mill
Its population during the summer:
season  averages  about  5,000.
Great rivalry exists betweon the
neighboring resort of Crescent, which
during the month of August and In
which White Rock have been the
winners during the past two years.
Situated overlooking ISemlahamoo
Bay, the residents have a fine view
of the Pacific ocean, and being sheltered by the surrounding hills, the
climate during the winter months is
much more warmer than any other
pan of the mainland, with a temperature ten degrees milder than
adjacent coast cities, with small rainfall and very little frost, thus White
Rock is an ideal place for recouper-
ation for the invalid as well as for
the tired city worker.
Shipping Centre
As a shipping centre and sea port
White Rock has a big future.
The Campbell River Milla, UdJ,
one of the largest lumber concerns
on the Pacific Coast, with an average cut of 150.000 feet per day, has
its mills and head offlce at White
Rock, with large timber holdings of
soft old growth Yellow Fir throughout
the Fraser Valley. This; timber is
logged in a most up-to-date and efficient manner. The company owning
and operating their own railways,
conveying the logs to tide water. The
company operate all the year round.
Their extensive export trade is taken
care of from an assembly wharf extending two thousand feet into the
bay and equipped with a steam
travelling crane capable of taking
care of 200,000 feet per day.
A man's a man for a' that, ond like
arid deserts watered of old by the
River Euphrates until thoy blossom
as the Rose, so will White Rock, wind
swept and sand waste since the beginning of time, take from now on, its
proper place as the Premier seashore
pleasure ground of British Columbia.
A Union Is What You Make It
Some men Imagine tbat a union
comes out of the sky, and that it is
made to order. This Is a fallacy
which only active participation in
union affairs can destroy. Why not
be an active member, instead of a
knocker.   ■*
or
Successfully Doing- What It Most
Desired—Financial
Position
[C. Gardner, National Secretary]
The convention (held recently ln
Vancouver) Is now history, and I
think, on the whole, must be constd
ered as successful in accomplishing
what it most desired.
We had representatives present
from most of the western branches.
Everything brought forward was thoroughly and harmoniously discussed
before any decision was arrived at.
The report of the convention ls In
course of preparation, and will be ln
tKe hands of the various secretaries
and executive officers vory shortly.
The Amalgamated Civil Servants of
Canada may be considered to be In a
good financial condition, seeing that
the balance sheet shows a surplus of
around $700 when accounts collectable and payable are taken Into consideration.
New officers have been elected—we
are away to a fresh start, and It ls the
desire of the executive that at the next
convention the membership will be
practically 100 per cent, strong, all
over our present territory.
We are willing at all times to meet
any other association engaged In similar work to ours and trust that the
unfortunate misunderstanding at present existing will soon bo a thing of
the pust. In tho meantime, it should
be the effort of overy civil servant to
increase the membership of the A. C.
S. C. in western Canada, We must
perfect our organisation, by enrolling
every membor possible, We ahould be
a solid body throughout the wost. Tlie
time muy arrive, In the not distant
futuro, when the enst will seo the
error of being split Into so many-
groups and tbey will amalgamate.
When this time arrives let us bo ready
with a 100 per cent, membership, of
all western civil servants, to unite in a
body. •
It is the Intention In the future to
see that every membor receives u copy
of the Organizer, so keep tho general
secretary informed of your membership, Our thanks are due to the editor and publisher of the Organizer
for tho good work already accomplished, and I hopo that more assistance will, in future, be given to tbem
by members sending In articles for
publication* and by local secretaries
sending the nows of tbelr branches.
Make a practice of doing this monthly.
♦       *       •
Mr. Howell, the fraternal dolegato
from Kamloops gave a very good address to tbo convontion, and It Is
really a pity thnt more of the members wero not In a position to hear it.
Coming an It did from an old civil
servant such as ho, I am sure that its
message would be appreciated.
GET A NEW SUBSCRIBER
Tbo greateHt nssistanco that the
readers of Tbo Foderntionist cnn render us nt this time, is by securing a
new subscriber. By doing bo you
spread the news of tbo working cIbm
movement and assist tu.
Federated Labor Party at Summerland—J. S. Woodsworth,
M. P., Leader
Discouraged     Fruit-growers —
Many Leaving Country—Fruit
Prioes Disastrous
From August 26 to Sept, 2, at the
"Log Cabin," a beautiful spot on tho
shores of Okanagan lake, at West
Summerland, was held the first session of the Labor School of Social Science. The school was organized by
the West Summerland branch of the
F. L. P., with Jack Logie as director.
Morning classes were held dally, with
J. S. Woodsworth, M. P. for Centre
Winnipeg, as leader. The subjects
studied being social evolution, Industry and finance, supplemented in the
evening by public lectures relative to
the economic and cultural development of the new social order.
The people attending these classes
and meetings were representative of
many different countries: France, Russia, Germany, Canada, England, Scotland, Wales and thn United States,
who are now engaged in farming or
at other work in the district.
Ke> ii and Intel.igpm Interest was
taken In the subjects discussed, questions being 'uinc • - and discussion
lively. Thc concensus of opinion at
the close of -In* school being that the
school had succeeded in introducing
a new viewpoint, and the hope was
expressed that it would become a permanent institution.
Conditions in the Okanagan are none
too promising. Eighty-five per cent,
of the fruit-growers have bnen forced
by conditions to organize a co-operative plan for the purpose of obtaining
better control of the market, and consequently a better prico for their product. A considerable number of fruitgrowers have become discouraged, and
are leaving or have left .the valley.
One farmer fro. i Naramata, Just
across the lake from Summerland,
who attended the s_ hool, and who has
been engaged in fruit farming there
for thirteen years, gave the following
as the average result for the district
1920, did well, prices netting from $1
to $1.85 per box for apples; 1921 poor,
returns being from nothing to 95c
per box; 1922 disastrous, he himself
being $85 In debt to the Fruit-Growers union at this, the end of the season, being typical of the district.
The farmers here, like many of their
kind both In town and country everywhere, are not yet awaro why lt Is
that although they work hard and
produce an abundance, they aro yet
destitute, but thoy are being forcod
by conditions to think, and nre losing
faith in Institutions which they once
thought sacred.
KEEP OFF B. C. RESOURCES
Japanoso   Warned   by   Hon.  T.  D,
Pattulo, Minister of
Lands
It will be better for all lf Japanese
should ceaso seeking to secure control of the natural resources of British Columbia, Hon. T. D. Patullo,
minister of lands, made emphatic recently ln a warning he Issued on the
Japanese question In this province.
"With reference to the Japanese
question, if the cessation of the British-Japanese alliance automatically
abrogates the treaty between Great
Britain and Japan, then thc effect of
the recent decision of the privy council which ruled contrary to our contention, will be nullified," Mr. Patullo
stated.
"We have no Intention of allowing
the Japanese to secure any control of
our natural resources if It is within
our powor to provent it.
"As I huvo upon several occasions
pointed out, we have no prejudice
whatover against the Japanoso. Trade
profitable to both sides of the transaction Is at tbls momont being carried
THE
CANADIAN
EXTENSION
UNIVERSITY
assuies
success
Academic Department
A .Inj- Hchool for buys nnd r\tU
ei vim,*    ii    COIIipletO    hi nil    m-IiixjI
Intensive coiichltiK fnr Hioku who
dcilru t'» cover tho three-year high
school cm.ru.- in ono yenr.
Afternoon  nnd  ovening elanei
for hiuh sohool Hlndr-nts requiring
nddltionnl   tuition   In   their   weak
siiliji'i't...   Evening blasn tor i.mtri*
dilution  •nihji'ci*..
Commercial Dept.
oWi's n unlvoriltj. it Anda rd of
hunini-j.-. trnininK in h tenon rnpliy.
bobklcHoping nnd  nil  Im•*_iti■-•-■-  nnil
ftocretnrliil HiihjuctH.
Small rlu ■* nnd IndM-lnn] ■■■■
I cnl lon gu nnin teH to oach student.
Afier.i'.ini nnd Oven in *_ Himrik
in all commercial Mul-Jncts.
Out of town students taught
by correspondence.
Corner Howe and Dunsmuir
Streets, Vancouver, B. C.
Telephone Seymour 21)00
ENROL NOW
EMPHASIZING OUR UNMATCHED VALUES IN
Women's Coats
and Dresses
Garments of the season's latest mode, fashioned of
fabrics that take their place in the front rank of the
season's most desired novelties, and well finished.
Por style, appearance, nowhere dse can you find
value to equal these.
WOMEN'S COATS, $29.50
Made of velour with fur-trimmed collar and lined throughout,
showing the popular side fastening, in sizes -hnn -_f\
to fit wpmen and misses «b___i«/*OU
WOMEN'S ANDN MISSES' COATS, at $39.50
A collection that offers almost unlimited choice for selection.
Made of good quality velour with fur collar and cuffs, and
attractively embroidered.
Extra value..
$39.50
CANTON CREPE AFTERNOON DRESSES,
  at $25.00
A dress that will add greatly to the completeness of the winter
wardrobe. A wide variety of becoming styles to choose from,
fashioned on long straight lines, and showing pleated panels,
and embroidered.   Colors of navy
and black.  Price..
$25.00
TRICOTINE DRESSES for $29.50
Many smart models to choose from. Thc material is of a very
fine quality trimmed with military braid or embroidery; colors
of brown, navy, putty, rust tf_QQ CO
and grey tp-_V.O\J
Hudson's Bay Company
VAN00UVEB, B. 0.    '
FREE CHIROPRACTIC CLINIC
DR.   J. I.   GOROSH
WiU hold a free Chiropractic Clinic for non-contagious diseases, between 8:30 and 9:30 a.m. every day except Sunday.
Regular Ofllce Hours: 10 to 12 a.m., 1 to 5:30 p.m. and by appointment
OONSUM.ATION   FREE
902-903 DOMINION BUILDING        207 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Telephone   Seymour  4371
on botweon operators in British Columbia and those in Japan, and we
hope that this trado will continue and
expand.
"Tho fact Is, however, that as peoples wo are cthnolog'ically different.
and will not mix; consequently It wilt
be better for business and for tho preservation of harmonious relations if
tho Japanese abstain from trying to
secure control of any of our natural
resourcea"
T
A
I
L
O
R
S
- TO PARTICULAR MEN
STORRY & McPHERSON
Upstairs at 8S3 GRAHVULB STREET
T
A
I
L
O
R
S
Federated Labor Party
MASS   MEETING
COLONIAL THEATRE,
SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 9th, at 8 p.m. Prompt
Speakers: J. S. Woodsworth, M P., Wm. Irvine, M. P.
SOCIAL AND DANCE
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8th, 9 to 12 p. m.
In K. P. Hall, 303 Eighth Avenue East
Ladies 25c     Oents 50c
Our Underwear for Fall
HAS ARRIVED AND IS READY FOR YOUR
PERUSAL
Carss special Mackinaw Coat, HendliRlit  Overalls
waterproof, $16.50 —*_____-____-_______________________
ilarss grey Pants, allwool, at    . ,,'"',i,lk,ots> Dr- Boid'B Cmh'
$6.50      ' "'" __}___
Al en's Whipcord special Pants Leckio  Hoots  for Men  and
al $5.00 Boys:
Men's Shirts, dark khaki, at 0,   B.   Dayfoot's   hardwear
$1.25  Hoots:
Men's Khaki Shirts, flannel, how to»s $ 7-50
$3.00 loggers, ut $11.60
W.B. Brummitt
18 and 20 OORDOVA STREET WEST VANCOUVER, B. 0. PAGE SIX
FIFTEENTH YEAIt.    No.   36 BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVER, B.C.
FRIDAY September   7, 18
Welcome to Vancouver
Delegates to the T. and L. Congress Convention
OF
A GOOD PLACE FOR UNION MEN
TO EAT AT
The Orpheum
Cafe
THE LARGEST UNION CAFE
IN VANCOUVER
Opposite Orpheum Theatre and Vancouver Hotel
on Granville Street
A Welcome Awaits You at the
Angelus Hotel
780 DUNSMUIR STREET
Ono Block from tbo Convention Hall
Telephone service in all rooms, and elevator service
at all hours. First class in every respect. Rates
$1.50 p«r day.
Phone Seymour 4094
200 MODERN ROOMS
Phono Sey. 7050
Hotel
Austin
Formerly Hotel Bristol
1221 Granville Street
Rates 91.00 per Day aud Up
ALBERT AUSTIN,   PROP.
Formerly at Ashcroft and Vernon
Give Us a Visit
Broadway
Cafe
'Servioe with a Smile"
105 Hastings East
Acme Cafe
ALL THAT THB NAME
IMPLIES
1149 Granville Street
—THE—
Moonlight
Cafe
WE DISPLAY THE
UNION CARD
74 Hastings West
Empire
Cafe
FIKST-CLASS IN EVERY
RESPECT.    WE DISPLAY THE UNION
CARD.
76 Hastings East
-EAT AT-
Jim's Cafe
1152 Granville Street
Near   HoU-Ik   Mtutlnlqiio   and
Austin
Dr. Gorosh Returns to Vanoouver
The Federatlonist la pleased to welcome  back  to Vancouver Dr. J.  I.
Gorosh, brother to one of our well-
known workers in the labor movement.   The doctor has   been    away
from the city for seven years pursuing a course of professional studies.
During that time he    attended    the
Polytechnic high school of San Francisco, graduating with honors in all
subjects.   His was  a hard  struggle,
as he had to work hla way through
college    without    assistance.      After
attending his classes   ln    the    high
school from 8.15 a. m. to 3.16 p. m.,
he went to work the Bame afternoon
In the oflico of a packing company,
starting at 5.30 o'clock, working till 1
a.m.  the next  morning.    A graduate
of the high school, he attended the
college   of  physicians  and  surgeons
for two years.   There he studied all
subjects necessary to    fully    understand  the human  body,  after which
he transferred to the Western Coll
ege    of   Chlropractics.       This   is   I
drugless Institution, where our friend
studied   the   theory   and 'practice   of
drugless therapy under a most competent   faculty.      This  course  specialized In chiropractic, dietetics, light
therapy, X-ray    and    hydro-therapy.
College work was greater than at the
high Hchool,  the requirements being
more exacting and the hours of study
longer.   All must admire the pluck,
courago and    perseverance    of    Dr.
Gorosh, because as a struggling young
man he has retained a fellow-feeling
and  a  loyalty  to  the  working-man.
As a more concrete    expression    of
this spirit to his fellows, he has decided to give free clinics every morning from 8.30  to  9.30  o'clock.   His
offices,   902-908  Dominion    building,
are always crowded with those who,
caught ln the vicious circle of being
too ill to work, are without the means
to pay for skilled treatment.
Phone Seymour 67380
MRS. M. GREER, Proprietress
Aimer Hotel
Hot and Oold Water in AU Booms
Absolutely  Fireproof
One Hundrod Booms Steam Heated
610 CORDOVA STRSET W.
Opposite C. P. R. Depot
ENGLISH LABOR LEADER TO
LECTURE  IN  CITY
The publio of Vancouver will shortly have the opportunity of hearing a
course of twelve Instructional lectures
by Mr. J. H. Greenwood, B. Sc, Inter:
LL. B, (London), on political economy.
These lectures will be given under the
auspices of the Canadian Extension
University, and will form one of a
series of more than twenty different
subjects that will be dealt with at
the special evening classes organized
by that Institution for the coming
winter.
Mr. Greenwood, who has shortly
arrived in British Columbia, was for
some time, a lecturer at Ruskin col
lege, Oxford—the Labor college—
where he Instructed ln political economy, in trade union laws and allied
subjects. He Is an eminent scholar,
lecturer and author, especially of
books relative to political and industrial laws, of which he is acknowledged to be one of the greatest authori-
ties.
To students of politics and social
problems, these lectures will be of
vital interest, and of the greatest
value. Fuller particulars may be obtained from the Canadian Extension
University at the corner of Howe and
Dunsmuir streets.
Justice Needed
'All that Is the matter with this
world is Injustice.    Establish justice
and everything wiU be all right.'
Henry Ford.
A Union Is What You Make It
Some men Imagine that a union
comes out of the sky, and that it is
made to order. This Is a fallacy
which only active participation In
union affairs can destroy. Why not
be an active member, Instead of a
knocker.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers,
Hotel Canada
One block from Trades and Labor Council headquarters, and
• three blocks from convention hall.    200 rooms, all outside
exposure.
Labor delegate most welcome.   Special rates from Sept. 8th.
518 RICHARDS (near Pender)
Phone, Seymour 1571
Convenient, Modem with Comfort
HOTEL
BARRON
Two Blocks from C. P. R. Hotel,
Theatres and Businoss Districts,
Cor Grunvlllo ami Nelson Sts.
VANCOUVER,   B.   C.
'ROOM RATES:
With us* of bath, $1.60 only.
Wltb Prints Bath, $2.50 and $3.00
Special Kates tor Parties.
LOOK POR HOTEL BUS OR
YELLOW  TAXIS
HOST STREET CARS PASS HOTEL
Stymour 2230     I. O. WOOD, Prop.
Organized   Labor the   Greatest
,   Army   in   the
World
Survey of. Movement by Labor
Department   of
Canada
Over 44,000,000 wage earners compose the greatest army ln the world.
The total membership of trade unions
ln 34 countries during 1922 waB 44,-
136,355, according to a survey of the
movement by the Canadian depart'
ment of labor.
Germany leads the list of countries
with 12,595,947 enrolled in the various labor organizations. Russia ranks
second in numerical strength with
total of 6,857,000. Great Britain follows with 5,l_!8,fi48 trade unionists.
And the United States takes fourth
place with 4,152,592 active members
of the labor movement.
The following figures from the report show the trade union membership
as reported from the various coun
tries:
Australia, New Zealand
and South Africa      874,187
Austria   1,128,126
Belgium and Luxembourg.     946,466
Balkan Statea   2,626,
Canada       276,621
China and Japan     410,i
Finland and Latvia       88,1
France    1,046,748
Germany 12,596,947
Great Britain  5,128,648
Holland      664,048
Hungary     342,577
India     500,000
Italy..:  2,099,900
Mexico     710,000
Poland         822,777
Russia  6,867,000
Scandinavia     827,
South America ...,     272,
Spain and Portugal  1,406,113
Switzerland     349,172
United States  4,152,592
Total 44,136,356
Australia 'predominates ln the south
Pacific group with approximately
700,000 enrolled In trade unions. The
largest union membership in the Balkan states fs reported from Czechoslovakia, where trade unionists num-
ber about 2,000,000. The report from
South America covers only Argentine
and Peru.
The full strength of the German
sector of the labor front is curtailed
by the terms of the Versailles treaty,
which reduced German labor to the
status of a conquered or enslaved people. The presence of hundreds of
thousands of troops acting under the
direction of the great Industrialists of
the allied nations prevents German
labor from contributing Its full share
to the cause. In fact it fs becoming
generally recognized that unless German labor is relieved from this enslavement it will exist as a menace to
the standards achieved by workers In
France, England and the United
States.
Forty-four million in spite of the
falling away of fair weather members
durtng the severe world depression of
1920-21 Is a record which should put
courage into every individual in the
labor movement. The mere feeling of
being one of so great a host ls Inspiring. Here are over 44,000,000 men
and women, workers ln industry and in
agriculture, united by the common desire to achieve a better world for the
producer than Is granted under the
present domination of the owners of
capital.
The Canadian department of labor
survey, In giving 4,152,592 active members of the labor movement in the
United States evidently does not In
elude the Railway Brotherhoods, ai
the number given is barely the membership of the American Federation of
Labor. However, the Facisti movement In Italy has worked to destroy
the Italian trade unions and tho ad
dltion to the number of the trade
unionists in the United States would
only offset the loss that has resulted
In Italy, and would not materially
chango the total aggregate of 44 millions membership as given as the
membership of the trade union move
ment in the various countries named.
Oonvention   Delegates Report-
Press   Western
Allowance
Local Oounoil Elects Officers for
1923-24 — Other
Business
Regular monthly meeting of Vancouver local council held in Eagles'
hall, Tuesday, Aug. 28. Chairman,
II, B. Warburton presided. Report
of delegates to convention received;
and it was mentioned that it is the
intention of tho association to again
press for the western allowance, this
being a monthly allowance to offset
the higher cost of living in western
Canada, which is generally acknowl
edged by a higher wage in other em
ployments. The local branch of the
customs' association sent an invitation
at our request for two of our officers
to address their next meeting, early in
September, on the subject of amalgamation. President F. Knowles and
Vice-president H. E. Warburton of
the A. C. S. will be the speakers.
Several applications for member
ship were received and accepted. A
Joint meeting of the New Westmin
ster and Vancouver officers will be
held shortly to formulate plans for a
thorough organization of all civil
servants in British Columbia. Election of officers for the local council
1923-24, resulted as follows: President, D. J. McCarthy, P, O. department; vice-president, W. M. Chanman,
Fisheries department; secretary-treasurer, B. de Wielle, Customs department,
Retiring officers were thanked for
their good services during their term
of offlce and delegates extended to
Mr, Warburton their beet wishes for
health and happiness on his approaching marriage, in which the membership heartly Joins.
Brother Warburton has been a willing worker In the interests of civil
servants and will continue his efforts
as National flrst vice-president.
Members   Lost to the   Unions
During the Paat Three
Years
The New Process
PARIS
Arch Insurance
SHOE
Prevents Broken Arches
Corrects Flat Feet
Relieves Tender, Calloused Soles
_y«f-n__«-f»-_»wana   ,«,**i~_-n^»7j_» .;,„,;,.
THE construction of arch support Shoes follows closely the
• need of corrective footwear. This
need has come to stay. The old
orthopaedic Shoes are replaced
by neater appearing footwear.
Under strain of excessive weight
the arch lowers and the foot
lengthens, producing what is
called broken arches. This may
apply to either front or back
arches. In the former the sole of
the foot is calloused and causes
a hot burning sensation on every
step. Broken back arches pro-
• duce that tired feeling, reducing
your energy by half.     .
After years of practice we have
evolved a Shoe that positively
corrects both of the above arch
troubles and yet retains the neat
appearance of the finest of lasts.
Pierre Paris
Custom Shoe Maker
51 Hastings West
Theae, Stymour 77620
Dining Room in Connection
Grandview Hotel
_1» CORDOVA STREET W.
Oppollte C. P. R. Depot
lain 7_e Md 11, Ollu, Hut Room,
Hot anl Oold W.tw lu Emy Boon,
WARD & PALMU, Proprietor.
Newport Hotel
Centrally located on Granville
Street, clean, comfortable, modern rooms; elevator aervice;
nearly all street cars pass the
door,
Hatm $1.0,0 |icr day anil up
1261 Granville Street
Phono .Seymour 77980
Patronize Those Who Advertise in Labor's Paper
At thc Orphemn
Orpheum patrons this week are being offered an exceptionally strong
bill of vaudeville. The engagement
opened Wednesday night, and concludes Saturday night with matinees
each day, except Wednesday. It ls
what is known as the "time bill," each
of the features being staged with
clocklike precision on an announced
schedule. "Stars of the Future," an
act embracing six young women, each
an artiste of particular ability, Is one
of the main acts; Princess Radjah,
Oriental dancer being another great
drawing card.
Minstrel monarchs Includes four
veterans of minstrelsy; William Ebs
ls a ventrollqulst with new Ideas and
a big surprise. Senator Murphy Is
a monologulst who discusses topical
subjectB—all for fun. Prank Dixon
and company play "Lonesome Manor'
which is a wholesome sketch and The
Reuters are equilibrists par excellence
Next week's bill includes The Four
Mortons, Tho Yip Yip Yaphankers,
Glenn & Jenkins, George Lyons,
Willie Rolls and many other geatu.ro
acts, Next week's bill opens Wednesdny nlffht.
GET A NEW SUBSCnmER
Tho greatest nssistanco that tho
readers of Tho Federatlonist can render us at this time, la by securing a
new subscriber. By doing bo yon
spread tho news of tho working class
movement and assist us.
Inability of Organizers to Induce
Workers  to  Join
Unions
tBy Tlm. Buck, Lodge 285,1. A. of M.]
For Canadian unionism the past
three years have been a. period of
continuous retrogression. From the
days of hopeful expectancy of 1919,
and early 1920, when 378,000 workers
were organized and struggle was* the
order of the day, wo have one long
story of division and defeat, registering itself In continually decreasing
membership and deepening apathy until today, having lost 100,000 mem
bers and over 400 local lodges there
appears with rare exceptions to be
little lf any flght left.
It would be folly to suggest that
any one factor Is responsible for all
our 'Dsses, and equally foolish to Bug*
gest any one cure; developing as our
trade union movement has under pe-
culiar political and economic condl'
tions, with ii never ending contest between old country traditions and poir
ticai background on the one hand, and
the flnanelal, industrial and organizational strength of the United States
on thc other, with thc vast majority
of our local unions, small and weak,
almost isolated from the main body
of organized labor, with the multipli
city of organizations and confusion of
Ideas, It la a complicated problem,
which refuses to be solved by a wonderful cure-all or simple plan.
It is a remarkable fact, however,
that while the trade unions of all
countries have lost members during
the past two years, 'none have lost
such a large percentage as Canada,
Belgium has over 900,000 trade unionists, Holland nearly 700,000; Czechoslovakia, with a population of only
13,000,000, no less than 2,000,000
trade unionists, and Australia, with
about half the population of Canada,
has more than double the number of
workers organized than we , have,
Realizing these facts one begins to ap*
predate how frightfully weak our organizations are. Add to this the further fact, that during the past few
months some of our organizations
have actually lost membera, it becomes Increasingly evident that lf our
trade union movement is to live and
develop to anything like Its potential
power, important changes'must be
made to meet the conditions with
which we are faced.
To live means to struggle; not to
resjst the present onslaught of organized capital, means economic sut
cfde for tho workers, and death to our
organizations. And reflecting as It does
thcir complete lack of confidence in
existing organizations, the most sign!
flcant feature of Canadian trade
unionism today, ls the utter Inability
of international organized and grand
lodge representatives to organize the
workers even under above-mentioned
favorable conditions.
EVERY READER OAN HELP
Every reader of The Federatloniat
can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions aa toon aa
tbey are due, and by inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do this.   Try It
BURNING STOMACH
BfllioTed In two minutei with
JO-TO
Jo-To relieves gu palm, acid stomach, hear;
burn, aftei-eatlng distreia aad all forma «
Indigestion quickly, without harm.
Ail Drug Stow*
-GENUINE-
Harrogate Serge Suits
Absolutely guaranteed to hold their color or will be
replaced free of charge. A wonderful serge at a
very low price.
$39.50
BRUCE
NAVY AND
GREY
CD.
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
Hand your neighbor thli oopy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day (or a eiibecrlptlon.

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