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The British Columbia Federationist Jul 2, 1920

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 INDUSTRIAL UNITTs   STRENGTH.
BRITISH COLUMBIA
OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOUVER *BADES AND LABOR COUNCIL.
POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTOR*
TWELFTH YEAR.   No. 27
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 2, 1920
$2.50 PER YEAR
Country Paralyzed By the
Inhuman Allied
Blockade
All Elements Are Rallying
to the Support of the
Soviet ,
(The Federated Press)
London—BrltlBh Labor's persistent demand for the unconditional
recognition of Soviet Russia has
come to a climax with the Issuing
of the Interim report of the special
trades union delegation of Russia.
Basing Its emphatic condemnation
of allied policy upon the results of
several weeks of vigilant investigation In the Soviet Investigation in
the Soviet republic, the report declares that any evils existing ln that
country are directly or Indirectly
from Allied plotting and persecution.
"Russia today ls suffering hunger and tyhpus, not because of
Communism, but because of the
blockade," declares the report.
"Paralyzed In her internal functioning by the blockade, and beset
with wars on her borders fomented
by the Allies, she is struggling for
her life."
The report states that the Soviet
republic is making titanic efforts
to overcome the typhus plague, but
Is hampered by the absence of soap
and disinfectants. The food situation is described as complicated
mainly by the lack of transportation facilities, which are declared
to be entirely due to the effects of
the blockade.
The highest pitch of Irony was
laid upon the country when, just
as the war-weary .people were turning all their energies to economic
- reconstruction, the Allies again
forced them to the Polish front. It
Is asserted.
The report urges BrltlBh Labor
to demand the Immediate lifting of
tba blockade, and the consummation of peace, granting unconditional recognition of the Soviet
government.
The delegation,- which included
Robert Williams of the Triple Alliance, Ethel Snowden and Thomas
Purcell, was appointed following
the decision taken by the special
Trades Union Congress In February to send to Russia, British workers to interpret the situation for the
working class.
The delegates described their reception ln Soviet Russia as at once
touching and magnificent. Tremendous enthusiasm met them everywhere, and-on the last day of the
delegation's visit, which was also
the Red fleet's third anniversary,
Petrograd was scarlet with countless banners. The delegate* addressed the cheering throngs several times that day. During a gala
performance at the Grand Treatre
'the arrival of Trotsky precipitated
Another burst of applause.
Every facility for Investigation of
conditions In Russia was thrown
epen to the delegates, who were
free to mingle with the people In
the streets and shops and to observe shortcomings, as well as ac-
_ oompllshmcnts. Complaints were
frequently aired before the British
workera In one shop, they were
surrounded by workers who pointed to their torn shoes, crying,
"Give us shoes." The cry everywhere was "Lift the Blockade."
The sentiment of the country is
firmly molded against the Polish
aggression, according to the delegates. All elements are rallying to
the Soviet government to weather
the storm, and several officers of
the old regime were seen In the
parade carrying banners with such
inscriptions as: "Workers, protect
the fruits of revolution."
Walk Out Against Discrimination at Wel-
borne Channel
The strike along the O. T. P. in
the Prince Oeorge district has been
called off. No Information received concerning any settlement at
Usk at the camps of Kenny Bros.;
the Royal Lumber Co. and the
Kleanza Co., consequently these are
•till oa tho unfair list. Other
strikes are being maintained at
Gold's eamp, Northern Construction
Co., P. O. E., Brooks, Scanlon &
O'Brien camps at Stillwater, Buckley Bay mill,
Lindsay Bros, at Meadows.
Norton's camp, Ranza Island.
Carglll'a camps,   Simoon  Sound.
Swanson Bay mill.
Dollar camp, Port Moody.
Crowley's camp"; Grassle Bay.
Dempsey-Ewart camp 2, Drury
Inlet, on the unfair list
At Dumaresq camp, Welbore
Channel, the men walked out owing to the management's refusal to
flre the bull-bucker, and reinstate
a faller who had been let out for
not doing the standard of work re
quired. The other fallers and
buskers maintained that he had
worked as hard and efficiently as
the other men.
The Coast District convention
will be held July 12. General convention, July 19, both at Vancouver.
Cranbrook District convention
will open on Sundny, August 1, at
8 a.m.
A wire received fi*om Trlnce
Rupert ls to the effect that the
Masset Timber company at Ruck-
ley Bay is firing men in Camp 12
who are not in debt to the com-"]
pany and putting In their places
men who are taking work by contract, the latter are stated to be
mainly Russians, but It will be
contrary to -the spirit of the times
to find workers of that national!
ty scabbing on their fellow-work
ers. Many of the men let out
have not sufficient funds to pay
their fare to town and assistance
was refused them by the com
pany.
It Is reported that four more
camps will be put on the contract
basis. A clause ln thc contract
permits it to be cancelled on one
day's notice.
Y
0. B. U. DANCE
Workers of Maillardville
Have Good Time at
Dance
The 0. B. U. dance that was
held     at     Maillardville,     Fraser
lfllls, on Tuesday last, was a huge
\ auccess, both from a financial and
pleasurable point of view.
Great credit must be given the
committee who had charge of the
j arrangements, and It looks as tho
| this commltteee will bo kept busy
■ In the future In getting up en-
a tertainments for the people In this
;'district.
The music was supplied by
; Mann's   4-ptece    Orchestra    from
I New Westminster and judging from
the Ufe the artists put Into the music one would think that they were
part of the crowd that had come
to have a good time and were not
paid artists.
Over sixty couples were dancing
and owing to the male sex being
ln the majority, quite a number of
'them were unable to secure partners for all the dances.
Organizer Alexander gave a
brief talk on the development of
the O. B. U., and his remarks were
tery favorably received by the
nixed audience.
As a result of the dance several
Workers in this district have signified their Intention to become
members at the next business
meeting which will be held out
there, and the Butcher, Barber,
and one Storekeeper have asked
to be supplied with 0. B. U. shop
cards.
Charter of Company's Pet
Local Has Been
Revoked
The B. C. Telephone company
has applied for an Injunction to
restrain Vancouver local 213 ofj
the International Brotherhood of
Electrical Workers and the International office from Interfering with Its agreement with local
310  of the same organization.
Local 310 was formed as the
result of the revocation of the
charter of 213 by Organizer
Ingles, for participation In a general strike. Local 310 proceeded
to sign a wage agreement with
the company but in the meantime
local 213 won Its appeal against
the action of the International
, Organizer and the International
office authorized the amalgamation of 310 with 213.
In order to forestall this amalgamation the company proceeded
to pay off all men who did not
belong to locul 310. Seventy men
were paid off and this action wus
Wired to the International offices
who lmjmedlately sent Organizer
Lee to Vancouver 'to BQralghtcn
out the mess. He called a meeting of local 310 last Monday und
then Instructed them to amalgamate with locul 213, By a vote'
Of 96 to 34 they decided to stand
pat so the organizer revoked the
charter.
Now the company Is coming to
the rescue of local 310 and is ask-J
ing for an injunction. No word
has been received from the International Office as to what action
lt intends to take In the matter.
In the meantime, come of thc
locked out men have left the city,
one or two who are still feeling
tlhe effect of last year's long
strike have accepted the company's terms, but the majority of j
the men are holding out against
the tactics of the members of 310
and the company.
Labor Men Receive at Least Fifty
««««««   *«««*«  •-,««««««    «««««? «««««««j   «««**««
*««***«
Per Cent- of Votes in Winnipeg
People Are Not Behind Persecution of Labor's-Spokesmen
f\ WING to the holiday, the Federationist had to go to press on Wednesday night instead of Thursday, so that the
** readers wouldnot be disappointed on Friday morning, and every effort was made to get the final results of the
elections in Manitoba. Naturally the interest in labor circles centred on the situation in Winnipeg, and at a late hour
on Wednesday evening it was reported that out of 302 polls heard from in that city, out of • total of 318, labor had received fifty per cent of the votes cast, with Dixon leading by over six thousand over all others, • truly remarkable
achievement, as the Hon. T. H. Johnson, Attorney General, the strong man of the Norris government, received about four
thousand votes. The latest news on Wednesday night was to the effect that at least five of the men in gaol would be
elected. No one could question Dixon's position, and it was expected that Armstrong would come next, followed by
Ivens, Queen, Bussell and a fighting chance for Pritchard, who until the strike last year, was practically unknown in
Winnipeg. The answer of Winnipeg to the Government in its prosecution of labor men, is at least emphatic, and while
at this time it is too early to say what the actual results will be, the workers can safely say that the Dominion government was responsible for the showing made by labor spokesmen, who while still in prison, received the endorsation of a
large number of the electors of the Prairie metropolis. Labor candidates were elected in the following constituen
cies:    Assinaboia, Brandon, Dauphin, Kildonan, Springfield and St. Clements.
With the Norris government in a critical position, L^bor will be in a splendid position in the next Manitoba legislature,
and the labor representatives will be able to use that position for the benefit of the workers, if they hew strictly to the
line, and refuse to compromise their position by any alliance' with either of the old parties, and with the experience of
the British Labor party before them it can hardly be possible for them to make the same mistake. No matter what the
result of the elections may be, whether the Norris government is defeated or not, the Winnipeg strike with the reactionary tactics of the government, and particularly the Minister of Labor has been of invaluable service'to the working class
movement in Canada. It is expected that the final results in Winnipeg will be known by Friday night or Saturday
morning.
s
LEAVE MAN
Have Prolonged Strike of
Miners.—What Is
Next Move?
Speaking In the famous German
war terms, some of the International organizer's, who havo been
making war on the O. B. U. movement In the Slocan mining,, district,
have made a "strategic retreat"
across the Imaginary . boundary
line.
Because of the presence of these
'men, working as they were, to
place International Union men in
the struck jobs, the strike has been
prolonged. If these organizers
have gone to the States to recruit
miners for the Slocan district, there
is every prospect of the continuance of the struggle, but lf they
have gone, recognizing thut they
have been defeated, then the mine
owners will have to take up the
settlement of the strike with the O.
B. U., if the mines are to be worked again.
The following contributions have
been made to the strike fund:
Winnipeg Carpenters, O. B. U.,
$22; Fort Rouge Railway, O. B.
V., $100; R. E. Burke, Kimberley,
$30; T. Norberg, $4; A. Chrlsten-
sen, Ymlr, $7.     •
Subscribers, Please Note!
Many subscribers ln renewing
tlieir subscriptions aro sending In
the old price. The new rates ara
as follows: In Canada, $2.50 per
year; ¥1.50 per half year. United
States, $3.00 per year. If subscribers will see tlmt. thoy send la tbe
proper amount It will aid us $
also avoid confusion.
Maintenance Fund
Port Mann Unit of the O. B. V„
per W. Duark, $10.
While letters addressed to Mr.
waukee families were without Ice
during the recent hot spell, causing intense suffering, because local
Ice companies refused to pay
enough wages to obtain drivers.
The sole comfort In the situation
was the announcement by the city
of the location of 36 stations, all
in public schools, that will be operated during the summer to sell
Ice In small quantities at cost
price on the cash and carry system.
E
OF I o. b. a
Craft Organization Helps
Defects Chicago Cooks
and Waiters
Chicago.—The failure of the
various ice wagon drivers, packing house and milk' teamsters'
unions to call a sympathetic strike
to aid the cooks and .waiters on
strike since May 1 provoked a controversy at the June bi-monthly
meeting of the Chicago Federation
of Labor and "led to the advocacy
of One Big Union by several members.
Agnes Maloneu, delegate of the
waitresses' union and organiser for.
Chicago, declared the treatment accorded to strikers was equivalent to
labor treason. She stated that if |
the teamsters were to refuse to deliver -food to the hotels for two or
three days the strike would necessarily be settled. The teamsters'
representative declared that if they
were called out to aid every strike
they would not be able to work at
all.
A delegate of the machinists'
union advised throwing off the
shackles of the Internationals and
forming one big union.
Pritchard's Address to the Jury.
■ Copies of Pritchard's address to
tlie jury can now be secured at the
Federatlonist Offloe. The words
of Prltchard, when addressing the
JUry at Winnipeg will go down In
hfeftory us a part of the struggle In
human society for liberty. Every
worker should have a oopy. Get
years before the rush starts. Priee
» oents.
Hand the Fed. to your shopmate
When you are through with It.
U RELIEF
American Audiences Pays
for Medical Supplies
for Soviet Troops
'Detroit, Mich.—Braving a heavy
downpour of rain, several thousand
people gathered to hear Colonel B.
Roustam Bek, military expert of
Soviet Russia in this country, who
gave an address on the military
Status of the Bolshevik government. • *
Colonel Bek informed his audience thnt Russian soldiers are
suffering from a lack of medical
supplies and thousands wounded in
battle must undergo operations
Without anesthetic to ease their
pain.
The Soviet government ls willing
to buy the necessary medical supplies in this country, but the U. S.
government would not allow the
Russians to send money here for
.that purpose.
A plea for a collection for medical relief brought more than a
thousand dollars from the audience, which was moved by tbe
plight of wounded Soviet troops.    |
T.
AT
IE
Don't forget OUR advertisers.
Socialist Party Meetings
Are Well Attended in
.    Spite of Weather
In spite of the summer weather,
the Interest is being well maintained in the Socialist Party meetings
on Sunday evenings in the Empress
theatre. The meeting last Sunday
was well attended, and nearly 200
copies of Pritchard's address to the
Jury were sold, as well as a large
amount of Socialist works.'
Next Sunday's meeting will be
addressed by T. O'Connor, and there
is no doubt that he will deal with
thc world situation as it appears to
a Marxian Socialist. The "usual
procedure will be adopted, and
questions and discussion will follow the speaker's address.
TO
ELECT DELEGATES
Many Meetings Arranged
for Members io Choose
Representatives
During the coming week mill-
workers In and around Vancouver
will elect delegates to the convention of the Lumber and Camp
Workers' Industrial Union of the
O. B. U.
The Coast eonvention will commence on Monday, July 12, and
the general convention will commence on the following Monday.
In order that members may be
fully represented at the convention
they should arrange to attend one
of the branch meetings of Mill
Workers, that will be held ln the
following places:
Vancouver, Monday, July 5, at 8
p.m., at headquarters of the Lumber Workers Union, 61 Cordova
street west.
New Westminster, Wednesday,
July 1, at 8 p.m., Labor Hall, corner Seventh and Royal avenue.
Fraser Mills, Thursday, July 8,
at 8 p.m., Moving Picture Theatre,
Maillardville.
Port Moody, Friday, July 9, at 8
p.m., In basement of Recreation
Hall.
Besides holding the various business meetings mentioned, the Mill
Workers Intend staging a public
meeting In Port Moody on Tuesday. July 6, and arrangements have
been made to have Chas. Lestor address same.
As the workers ln this district
have been desirous for some time
of having a good speaker on economics and working class history
come out and address them, and as
they are now about to be accommodated, It is up to them to show
their appreciation by fllling the
hall to capacity.
Allahabad, India—The members
of the Allahabad Postal and Railway Mall Service Union have gone
on Btrike for 60 per cent increase
In their salary.
The workers in the local government printing shops, too, have
struck for higher wages, shorter
hours and better treatment.
Five hundred workers of the
Angus Engineering Works at
Bhadreswar, Serampore, have
struck work demanding 40 per
cent increase ln wages on account
of the high cost of living. The
British Oovernment has stationed
armed police to terrorize the
strikers.
Seattle—Representatives of 3000
farmers sitting In the Annual Pom
ona grange convention, passed reso
lutlons demanding repeal of the
criminal syndicalism law and am
nesty for political prisoners.
Subscribers, Please Note!
Many subscribers ln renewing
their subscriptions aro sending ln
the old price. Tlio new rates are
as follows: In Canada, $2.50 per
year; $1.50 per half year. United
States, $3.00 per year. If subscribers will see (hat they send In the
proper amount It wtll aid us and
also avoid confusion.
Cut out tbe list of advertisers,
patronize them, and tell them why.
011). IN
NG HERE
A. F. OF L. DISPUTES
OVER JURISDICTION
Steam Engineers'  Organization Is
Creating Lot of Trouble—Teamsters ln Dispute Also
Jurisdictional disputes discussed
In the closing sessions of the recent
A. F. of L. convention wero sent
to the executive council with orders to call conferences between
the organizations involved. An attempt to instruct tbe executive
council to suspend the charter of
the Brick Makers of Chicago If
thoy did not surrender a few men
to the Steam and Operating Engineers, was defeated after n spirited
talk by Tracy of the Brick Makers,
supported by Olover of the Blacksmiths and Connors of the Switchmen. The Steam Engineers have a
dispute also with the Quarry
Workers. The Teamsters hnve an
issue with the Structural Iron
Workers over the work of unloading, trucks at places of delivery of
building material. Tho Longshoremen are to take part in this conference, as they "claim .jurisdiction
over much of the unloading at
docks,,
Canada Faces Coal Famine While Dominion
***«««+
**«*«««
*««*«*?'
******
******
******
Government Tags Along Behind Sam Gompers
Time to Act. Is Now Before People Get Cold Feet
CANADA is faced with a shortage of coal. There is no doubt.of this, and it is not the statement of any irresponsible
individual. The Hon. R. Lemieux brought this fact to the attention of parliament last week. The government reply
was to thc effect that the situation was not as bad as it was pictured. A subcommittee consisting of the Hon. Dr. Reid
and Senator Robertson Was appointed by the government to investigate the situation. The report of thc committee
substantiates the position taken by Mr. Lemieux. Strange as it may appear to those who have not followed the activities of the minister of labor, and the fuel controller, in thi coal fields of Alberta and British Columbia, lite production of coal lias been shut off, and the miners locked ont, because they refused to contribute to an organization that is
governed from the United States. The local press has protested against the interference of the American Federation
of Labor in British internal affairs, and the endorsation of the Irish republic by that organization while in convention
at Montreal. What has the press to say about the Minister'of Labor's activities in shutting off thc production of
coal in the effort to compel the miners to belong to an organization that is part and parcel of the American Federation
of Labor, controlled and dictated to by Jesuitical influences, when the country is facing a coal famine. Thc miners
of this country have claimed that they must be allowed to belong to the organization of thcir choice. In this they have
been opposed by the representative of the Dominion Government. Is it not time that the organized workers in tliis
country who have any knowledge or backbone, took the position that there must be no coercion, and thc general public, of which we hear so much, gave thc government to understand that they will not stand for the curtailment of the
production of coal because of any whim of the Minister of labor or his leanings to an American organization controlled by the most sinister influence that is dominating the American continent. There has been enough troublo
already from the actions of the Minister of Labor, who is nothing but thc jumping jack of the old reactionary group
in this country, which is headed by the Honorable "Artful" Meighen. It is time that the people of this eountry got next
to themselves and took action beforc they get cold feet as a result of the activities of the most reactionary minister
of labor that any country or people was saddled with. And Canada has been saddlcdwith him, as he has never been
elected. He was, however, dug up out of thc political morgue, the Senate. It is time that he was confined to that
institution before he causes further troublo and suffering.'It is a sorry plight to see the Dominion government tagging along behind Sam Gompers.and his Federation of Labor fakirs, nnd incidentally the tool of thc big U. S. interests
and reactionary forces.
Princeton Organized 100
per cent In the
0. B. U.
Tom Rlcharson, who has been
up country recently, found the O.
B. U. movement making pretty
good strides. He had a very
successful meeting at Merrlt and
met with.a somewhat unique experience which speaks wll of the
O. B. U. sentiment. _f appears
that at a Presbyterian church
meeting, the minister, Rev. Mr.
Wallace, informed the congrega-
gation that an O. B. U. meelng
would be held in the O. B. U. hall
on Sunday evening. After the
evening service the Reverend Minister occupied the chair ub the
O. B. U. meeting which wns ud-
dressed   by   Mr.   Richardson.
Two nights later Tom Richardson visited Princeton and found
the O. B. U. so well organized
that every business, with the exception of three, carried an O. B.
U. card in its window and O. B. U.
clerks busy behind thc counters.
And these cards were not hung
away In some corner, but were
displayed so that a casual glance
would detect tbem. The reason
for this was thnt the card and thc
button   meant   bettor   business.
Employers engaged In the various business enterprises in nnd
around Princeton all appear 19 bo
very well satisfied with the O. B.
U, movement and are encountering very little difficulty with the
organization. Now that the O..B.
IJ. IS organized 100 per cent In this
district, Mr. Richardson advised
the organization of the minors
who arc working within a mile
or two of the city.
At a mooting held In Kamloops, although not very efficiently advertised, there wns a very
good turnout and this place bus
every prospect of mailing Itself
heard so fur as tbe O. B. I). Is
concerned fn the very near future.
Men Restless Over Delay
of Awards by Railroad
Board
Railroad Managers Lining
Up for Nation-Wide
Open Shop
Washington — July 1st wai.
fixed in, the minds of hundreds of
thousands of railroad men as th«
"zero hour" for a quitting of worK
lf the Railroad Labor Board ho4
not rendered an award, according
to Information reaching the railway
employees' department of the A. F.
of L, Resolutions are coming In,
setting this date as the limit'of
the patience of shop and other employees. A few resolutions suggest
July 15 as the date for walking out
The officials of the department are
night and day sending back words
to the-rebellious locals to wait until the board has acted, and then
to tako action as a 'single body
comprising the sixteen organizations of railroad  workers.
What the shopmen's leaders fear
more thun anything else Is a disordered and hasty .quitting of jobs.
w,hlch may be turned to deadly account by the railroad managers.
Railroad managers wore reported
flocking to the offices of the Railroad Administration on Monday
afternoon, seeking to learn how fat
they might go in fighting the
strikers. A. P. ot L. railway department officials are convinced
that these managers are lining up
their foroes for a nation-wide
open-shop covering ull the railroad
lines, beginning when they get full
control of the properties on September 1st. Meantime, the ma imager would be glad if a strike
which would lead to general confusion, grandstand plays by various
governors of states, and the employment of federal troops to bretiK
up the standard unions and bro*
therhoods.
A spark whieh may tpuch ofl
the dry tinder iu the situation 1^
tbe decision of the Railroad Labor
Board that Its forthcoming award
shall be retroactive only to May 1,
1920, Instead of to March 1, or
earlier.
The men are complaining bitterly
that this decision defrauds them
of two months' increased wages,
and that their confidence In further actions of the board Is destroyed. Hence the call for legislation of the present walkout and
for its extension to the whole industry on July 1st if satisfactory
settlement Is not made by that
time.
J.  L,  L.     CHANGES     MEETING
NIGHT
At the last meeting of the Junior Labor League it was decided
to change the night of meeting
from Friday to Tuesday for the
summer months and also to hold
the meetings every second week
Instead of every week. On Tuesday next, July 6th, the members
will hold a social at 645 St. Catherine street, at 7.30 p. it). Tnke
Fraser" Avenue cnr to 51st Ave.,
and walk east three blocks to St.
Catherine Streot, The Junior
Lengue Tennis Club meets every
Saturday afternoon at Robson
Park, corner uf St. Ueorgp and
Thirteenth  Ave.
Get On the Voters' List
Tou may think that no change
can be brought about by voting,
but at least you should use your
ballot at the next election. The
lists are now being compiled, and
It Is up to you to get on thc list
for your district.
RAILROAD INSURGENTS
RECOGNIZED BY U. S.
Traffic Congestion Cannot Be Relieved Without Their
Assistance.
. (By The Federated Press).
New York, (N. Y. Bureau).—
Yielding to the contention of the
insurgent railroad "vacationists"
that New York harbor and traffic congestion could not be relieved
without their co-operation, thc Department of Justice hns for the first
time implied recognition of them
by calling upon them to be present
at a conference of all strikers connected with the New York tie-up.
That conference, which will bo
open to thc public, wilt be held ln
Washington to discuss methods of
relief, according to representatives
of the harbor workers who have
just returned from Washington.
This is the first time since the beginning of the railroad walk-out
two months ago thnt any government department has recognized
the insurgent railroad men.
Put  a  one-cent  stamp  on   this
paper and mall It to a friend.
Men Decide to Oppose the
Action of Granby
Company
Some of the miners employed by
the Granby Company at Cnssldy's,'
Vancouver Island, have recently
suffered a reduction in wages, and
a meeting was cnlled last Sunday
afternoon to consider the situation.
The meeting decided to appoint a
committee to drilw up a schedule
tbnt will be considered at a meeting to be held in the same plnce
next Sunday.
V. Midgley nddressed the meeting, and urged tlm men to organize
in order that they might have some
voice In the conditions under which
they were employed, aud more successfully bargain over tho sule of
their labor-power.    .
He pointed out that the violation of the Coul Mines Inspection
Act on the Island, wns a direct result of lack of effective organization.
At the conclusion of the meeting,
a number of new members took
out membership cards in the Na-i
naimo branch of the One Big'
Union. Tho meeting ulso elected
a gas committee, and decided to
defer the election of check weighman till tho next meeting.
Mr. Midgloy also addressed the
mating of the O. B. U. in Nanaimo
thc same evening. Ther* was a
small attendance of members, bnt
an Interesting discussion took place,
and a number of new applications
were deceived. PAGE TWO
twelfth tear, no. 87    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, ag,
FRIDAY  .'.:..:... JulT •»,  1MI
GIGANTIC STOCK
REDUCING SALE
2,700 Men's Suits, Overcoats aad Raincoats, clearing it
sensational reductions.       •
SEE   OUR   WINDOWS
Arnold & Quigley
546   ORANVILLE  STREET
SLATER'S
QUALITY      SERVICE      FREE DELIVERY
TBESH MEAT DEPABTMEMT
We hira secured on* of the best consignment! of Fork Shoulders we
ever hav* had, snd they sre very
small, they only weigh front fi to
7 lbs., and are excellent for routing. Begular price, 38c per lb. Friday and Saturday, whllt they last,
per lb ™ S0»/b«
PBOVISZOM DBPABTKBHt
Butter       Batter        Bitter
rinett Alberta Creamery Butter. Regular 70c per lb. Saturday morning
from 8 a.m. to 11 a.m.   Speolal I
lbs. for  : -Hit
Limit 3 lbs.
Fnsl Killed
Steer
But
Flnoit I'ot Bout,
from
lb. .
..tie
Fineit Oven Knngl
from
Ib.
..2SC
Finest Rib Ho.st,
from
Ib. ..
.tie
Fineat Boiling Beef, from lb.
..IUe
OHIOHS      ONIONS      ONIONS
finest Hard Dry Onions.   Regular
I lbs. for 25o.   Friday and Saturday, 8 lbs. for  - 25c
Finest Small Fork Sausage, lb. ..40s
Finest Head Cheeao, bowl SOo
Finest Lola Lamb Chops, lb. 160
Finest Bib Lamb Chops, lb.  40*
Slater's Siloed Streaky Bacon, lb. 66o
Slater's Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb. SOo
Slater's Siloed Boneless Roll, lb. 50o
Slater's Sliced Ayrshire Back Bacon,
per lb —.... —- 4So
Slater's Sliced Ayrshire Roll Bacon,
psr lb.  - ...—...Wa
EXTRA SPECIAL
Finest Boneless Prime Ribs, rolled,
nle* and lean.  Begular 35c por
lb.   Friday and Saturday.
per Ib  MYte*
PICNIO HAH SPECIAL
Excellent for Boiling
Oa Friday and Saturday we wUl
aell our Famous Picnic Hams.
Regular SSe per lb.  Special,
per lb.   My.e
Thla Is tho cheapest neat yon
can boy.	
OBOOEBT DEPARTMENT
Slater's Famous Tea, per lb.	
Blue Ribbon Tea, per lb	
Slater'a Famous Coffee, lb.  ...
Cowan's Cocoa,  %-lb. tin  ....
Holbrook's Custard, pkt. _.
Nabob Costard, 2 for »»....—..
Quaker Corn, per tin  „„
B. C. Tinned Peas, per tin  „
Quaker Pork and Beans, 8 for _..
Van Camp's Pork and Beans,
8 for
...50s
.JSs
.800
..JSS
...160
-.250
-SOS
.200
..ttl
Mt
.250
Fineat Fail Lard, I lbs fl.00
Fineit Compound Lard, 2 lbe. ....85c
BAOON     BACON     BACON
Sinter's   Famous   Streaky   Bacon,
sugar  eared.   Regular  SSo por
lb., Friday and Saturday,
Speeial per lb. ..................48yto
Flnoit Salt Pork, per lb. _.. ...,45c
Finest Pickled Pork, per lb.  .SSo
Brunswick Sardines, 8 for .
THBEE BIO STORES
128 Bastings B.       Phono Uf. SMI
•80 Oranrille Si      Phono Bop. HO
8260 Ifcla Si Phene Pnir. 1001
IdTJE       MUK       MILK
Tho Famoos Facile   Milk,   largo
cans.   Regular $7.00 cases.   Friday ud Saturday, ease —10.16
B. 0. Fresh Eggs, dosen .„
Alberto Freih Eggs, doien .
Serving Every-   ^Wjk
body at the       DMfiN&IS
price the poorest .Jw\^
can afford        TEETH
I aerva no excluslv. clientele. Clau dentistry
meana high prlcea. Th, dentist with a restricted
practice doesn't tet th, same experience. By Barring all my prlcea ara kept down within the mean,
of all. And you coma to ma aa an individual caaa.
I give you specialized treatment, tt matter, nothing who or what you ara, coma to ma (or sound
dental work. Tou can afford lt here.
Sate Your Nai
LTeeth
fatun^
Dr. Brett Anderson
drown and Bridge Specialise
602 HASTINOS ST. WEST
Corner Seymonr
PHONE SET. 3331
Offlce Open Tuesday and Friday Evening,
' Moacow—Report, from Krasno-
Jarsk, Siberia, state that during tha
,73 day, existence of Soviet rulo,
the Soviet has been able to organize Ave branches, with 21,000
.memberB, and 79 new factory committees. A commission haa been
named to Investigate possibilities to
open the river JenlseJ for traffic
A central statistical bureau for Siberia has been established.
Petrograd—Tha Academy of Sot-
enoa of Petrograd haa called a
special conference to discus, tha
Question of Investigating the natural resources or tha northern government of Rusaia. Professor Oo-
gollepoff called the attention of tha
delegates to the great natural
rlcrfes of thesa regions, whloh so
far have been untouched.
10 Sub. Cards
Oood tot ono year'i subscription te The
B. 0. Federationlit, will bo nailed to
any address ln Canada for $32.60
(Oood anywhere outside ot Vancourer
city.) Order ten today. Remit when cold.
THE PRIDE OP CRAFTSMANSHIP IS
EMBODIED IN EVERY PIANO BEARING THE NAME
Martin-Orme
NOT only ln case design and outward appearance, but
in internal construction, tha Martin-Orme Is different, distinctive, a pianoforte in .which has been embodied originality of thought, loving care in the making.
For every Martin-Orme, Is practically a hand-made piano.
Mr. Owaln Martin, the designer, a recognized genius of
acoustics, has not only blazed a new train ln his "vlolo-
form" system of construction (by which the Instrument
Improves with age and playing),"but he has the craftsman's
Bride of production. Every Instrument must be built and
finished Individually—Just as he himself would have It
ware he to do the work himself. This conscientiousness la
aot without result
Hear the Martin-Orme Now
SWITZER BROS. LTD.
If It's Mu*»l—We IKve It
812 HASTINOS STREET VEST
I
Bricklayers .Representative Uses Old Tactics
to Break 0. B. U.
Quite In accord with their anticipations, the Bricklayers of Edmonton, who launched the pioneer
O. B. U. Unit of that craft upon
this continent, are now about to
have, delivered to them tho usual,
If not Inevitable, reward for such a
venture.
About three weeks ago, or upon
the approach of the commencement
of the first and only job of any
consequence in sight for the sea*
son, there suddenly appeared upon
the scene a supposed special deputy for the B. M. & P. I. U. In the
persM of Walter Smitten of Calgary, who incidentally was one of
tbe "also ran" for office on the
general executive of the O. B. U.
fit the inception of that organisation ln Calgary, March, 1919, and
has also functioned In a ncar-offl-
clal capacity In'various other "Interest or labor matters" in the part.
Said Smitten, together with the
local A. F. of L. satellite "Farmilo"
made the rounds of the city visiting the few small jobs and there
resorting to the famous tactics and
arguments among the men, directly and Implied, they had batter
come Into the folds of the Bricklayers, Masons & Plasterers Inter*
national Union, otherwise their
chancegi tor work ln the city would
bo slim or nil as the I. U. had control of practically all the work under way at present. A meeting
then being called at which 15 or
20 attended, but apart from considerable hair-pulling, to and fro,
nothing was accomplished. Then
followed a period of two weeks or
more, with nothing stirring except
probably for Mr. _Smitten In and
around the Selkirk, a first-class
hotel.
On June 18, 1920, the above-
mentioned job started operations
for the craft, and simultaneously
appears another advertisement,
calling a meeting of B., M. & P. Z.
U, Edmonton, No. 1, Alta., said local No, 1 has not legitimately existed for years, not having the required seven members to hold a
charter. However, some twenty-
odd assembled at the meeting, com
posed mostly of O. B, U.'s, some X.
U.'s and nonentities, The I. U.'s,
being composed of the straggling
remnants of No. 4, Bdmonton South
and No. 1, North Edmonton, No. 4
having at the time of the appearance of Mr. Smitten upon the scene
either 8 or 4 members on the old
books, and No. 1 had 4 members.
The former jumped, as over night,
to the exactly required 7, while thfi
latter appears with one to the good
over the former, but strange to say,
none of the old-timers can account
for or locate the origin or whereabouts of these new enrolments.
Mr. Smitten entertained the meetings with a set of terms under
which the bricklayers may reenter Into the I. U. (practical
ly the ( Identical terms that
a similar meeting rejected a year
ago.) He almost aroused their
Ire wtth a lengthy and heated harangue on the gross mismanagement
of the one-time No. 1, especially so
on thp face of oft-repeated figures
of the I. U. (somehow juggled for
necessary occasions) to show how
the over-generous machine at Indianapolis has always expended
more money for trade benefits ln
Canada than it ever received In
head tax. All of this answered no
other purposes than to justify the
existence of such a Smitten.
But no one would attempt to
deny that the prestige of the whole
affair centered around the B. ft
M, foreman ot the aforesaid Job,
and who, It ls well known beforehand, would be present at this
meeting. "Foremen .are generally
conspicuous by their absence at
craft meetings." In fact, thig foremen had arranged with several applicants for a job that he would let
them know at this meeting whether
they could start to work or not
Now .theft is no gainsaying the fact
by any one familiar with conditions ln the oity, passed and present, that the bricklayers, above
all other classes of workers, are
necessarily feeling the pangs of
hunger most at this time. Hence
lt can be readily seen by the-casual
observer that under auch conditions and with such special advantages, how almost any kind of a
thing could play the part of a
special deputy, and deliver the
goods to either a scab organization
or robber band, without having any
particular knowledge or sentiment
or even move twenty yards from
his place of abode.
It would not do to omit
to mention, lf only for the
novelty of it, how Mr, Smitten
almost succeeded to justify
fy hts cfTor.« in his .present occupation on principal and with audacity, unexcelled, by telling how tbe
I. U. too, Is mctamorphlslng into
the industrial form of organization
by citing (hr* Incidents of all railroad organizations except the big
four, and "we have In Alberta the
miners," the most thorough industrial organization In the wofld,"
Now, if that "we have" wouldn't
Jar the most strangling fish-bone
loose ln your throat, then you are
petrified.
No, there remains one more hope.
If the "we- have" do not go down,
and go down deep, then wait until
the 27th inst., when the same railroad workera will be heard from
directly from Chicago. Meanwhile
bow your heads in solemnity while
pnsscth by the funeral of the once
moro dead, of which you will no
doubt ere this have been repeatedly Informed by the yellows that
the O. B, U. Is dead in Edmonton,
Bricklayers are disgusted with
"red" organization, coming baok
Into International, etc. Let us
pray.
't Itia Shame!
SHAKE UP IN
"What are those paraders hollering about!
"Why, they want enough to live on."
"What arrogance—:th em d—d Bullsheviky."
From "L'Union de rIndustrial Hotellere de Belgique'
New Tork—From cable reports
received from B. Beckcrman, president of the National Radio Telegraphers Association, American operators have refused to man British ships whose wireless men have
gone out on strike. It is expected
that British ships will probably attempt to got wireless oporators in
American .ports. The decision of
Bockerman may halt some vessels,
an American inspectors will not allow any ship to leave port wtlhout
a wireless staff.
Where Is your union button?
(By Maxim Gorky)
Always and everywhere history
has developed the man of the, village and that of the city as two
psychologically distinct types. The
difference is becoming geater, as
the city rushes ahead with the
speed of Achilles, and the village
tots along with that of a turtle.
The rural dweller Is a being,
who' from the very first days of
spring and until late ln autumn
makes' grain to sell the 'grtftter
part ot lt, and to consume, the
smaller part of It during t\\p. accursed, mercilessly cold wintej\.; '
No doubt the "living gold pf Uie
rich fields" is very beaut^fu^jln
summer, but in the fall, inst?ad,iof
gold, the shabby naked goutyl, remains, which again calls for, h*fd
labor and again un productively
sucks out valuable human etfargy.
This man—the whole of ijdip—
Inwardly as well as outwardl^-rls
a slave to the' powers at n^t\ire;
he does not struggle against ,them
—he merely adapts himaaif. to
them. The ephemeral results, pt
his labor do not and cannot .inspire ln him self-respect and,' confidence In hip creative abilities/ Of
all his labors there remain on earth
only straw and a dark, crowded,
straw-covered hut.
Peasant Iuunorable
The work of the peasant is extremely hard, WJ this burden,
combined with 'the poor results obtained from his labor, naturally
implant in his heart a dark sense
of ownership, making him almost
Immovable . This instinct ls almost immune to all. teachings
which consider that the first man's
sin lies ll this very Instinc*. of
private property, and not in the
joke played on foolish Adam by
the Devil and by Eve.
When ono speaks of bourgeois
culture—if it ls possible to combine these two words, culture and
village; ln the spiritual sense these
two words cannot bo combined.
Culture ls the process ot creation
off thought, the embodiment of
these in the form ot books, machines, scientific Instruments, paintings, structures, monuments, in various objects which present the
crystallization of ideas, act as an
Inspiration for other Ideas and Increasing ln quantity, encircle the
entire world endeavoring to discover the most mysterious causes
of all Its phases,
The village does not create such
culture and in general it does not
erect monuments other than songs
land .proverbs, Ytju, indeed, sad
Is the melancholy song of the village. Its sorrowful lyric, It seems,
can soften rocks. But rocks are not
softened by songs, neither are flpeo-
ple. Indisputably the village has
muoh sad poetry and lt lures' us
on to the path of erroneous sensitiveness, but Immeasurably more
significant in substance aa well as
in volump Is the prose of the village, Its animal epic prose which la
still in existence. The village idylls
are hardly noticeable in the continuous drama of tho peasant's
everyday life.
Machines Necessary       .
In comparison with the passive,
half-dead phychlque of the oM'tvll-
lage the urban bourgeoisie is, at
a certain stage the most valuable
creative Incentive; it ts that strong
acid which ts fully capable <ofi dissolving the peasant's iron/aoul,
which, ts soft in appearance only.
The inertness of the village 'Ran
only be conquered by kno^dedge*
and by the introduction of aolarge
socialist economy. It Is necessary
to have an enormous amount of
agricultural machines; they -and
they only will convince thettnu-
ant that private ownership tei a
chain by which he ls bound;' that
It is spiritually disadvantageous for
himl; that unintelligent labor is
unproductive and that a mind'disciplined by knowledge and entlobled
by art will be an honest guide on
the path of liberty and happiness.
The labor of the city dweller ls
fabulously variable, monotonus
and eternal. Out of bits of earth,
turned Into bricks, the city dweller
builds palaces and temples; out
of shapeless chunks of Iron ore he
creates machines of surprising
complexity. He has already subordinated natual energies to his
lofty alms and they servo him as
the DJlns In oriental tales served
the sage who enslaved them by the
ipower of wisdom. The city dweller surroVinds himself with an atmosphere of wisdom. He always
sees his will embodied tn a variety
of wonderful things, tn thousands
of books, pictures   In   which   by
word and brush have been Impress-
ed during the centuries the majestic tortures of his inquisitive spirit, his dreams and hopes, hts love
and hatred—hts entire Immense
soul, which ls always thirsty for
new Ideas,  deeds, forms.
Although he ts enslaved by state
politics, yet the city dweller Is innately free, and by forco of thla
spiritual freedom he destroys and
creates forms of social life.
Being a man of deeds—he has
created for himself a painfully
tense, sinful, but beautiful life. He
Is the Instigator of all social Ills,
perversions; ht ls the creator of
tyranny, falsehood and hypocrisy;
but it Is also ho who has created
that microscope which permits htm
to see with suoh a painful clearness the most minute movements
qf his ever-discontented spirit He.
has brought up in his spheres magicians of science, art and technique
—magicians and sages, who Inde-
fatlgably work for strengthening
and developing these foundations
of culture.
He Is a great sinner beforo his
kind, but probably a still greater
sinner towards himself! ho Is a
martyr to his aspirations, which,
destroying him, give blfth to new
joys and hew pains of being.
His spirit—the accursed Ahasu-
erus—marches and marches Into
the fathomless future, somewhere
towards the heart of Cosmos, or
Into the emptiness of the universe,
which ho ls perhaps called upon
to fill by exerting his energy In
the creation of something whioh Is
beyond the, imagination of the present day mind.
For the intellect the develop'
ment ot culture is Important for Its
own sake, irrespective of the results; tho intellect in itself Is first
of all a phenomenon of culture;
the most complex mysterious product of nature, its organ of self*
knowledge.
Of greatest Importance to the
Instincts are the utilitarian results
of culture, even those which help
the' outward welfare of J>elng,
though .this may bo a miserable
falsehood.
'    Tbe Villaee and tho City
Therefore, at present, when the
excited instincts of the villago must
inevitably enter into a struggle
wtth tho power of the city, when
the city culture—this fruit of ccn-
urtes of activity of the intellect,
which includes the factory worker,
—ls ln danger of destruction and
of being delayed In the process of
development, the intellectuals must
revise their attitude towards the
village,
There Is no people—thero are
only classes, Tho working class has
been so far the creator of material
values alone, but now he wants to
take active part ln spiritual and
intellectual work. The majority of
the rural masses aspire to strengthen by all means their position of
land-owners—they do not state any
other desires.
The intellectuals ot the world,
of all lands are faced by one and
the same problem—to devote their
energy to that class, whose phy-
chlo peculiarities a sure further
development of the process of culture and are fully capable of increasing the speed of progress.—
Soviyt Russia.
New York.—Tho growth of tho
Socialist movoment ln the port of
Rotterdam has been so rapid during the last few months that tho
Socialists there have launched a
big dally paper called "Vorwaarts"
(Forward), copies of which have
just reached here. The new paper
Is under the direction of Mynheer
Matthesen, former secretary of the
Social Democratlo Labor Party of
Holland. It appears that "Het
Voik," the Socialist party daily of
Amsterdam, could hardly give
space enough to the local movement ln Rotterdam and vicinity.
Detroit, Mlch,~A hands-off policy towards Soviet Russia, release
of all political prisoners, a $600
bonus for war veterans and cooperation with the Labor party
were proposed ln resolutions adopted at the state convention of the
Committee of 48. Other planks
adopted provide for a deep water
system to the eastern coast, International disarmament, and constitutional amendments providing for
greater democracy ln governmental
affairs. '
Ouj* advertisers support the Federatlonist. It Is up to you to support thero* ,
Present Officers Will Be
Opposed in Coming
Elections
What promises to be the most interesting election In the history of
the U. M. W. of A. will be staged
toward the end of this year.
Tho present officers—President
and vice-president—will be opposed
for election by Robert H. Harlln of
Seattle for president and Alec How-
at of Kansas for vice-president;
both men are very well known In
the miner's movement and the labor movement generally.
Notwithstanding the many
shades of opinion, thoso opposing
the policies of tho present administration are unanimous ln support
of Harlln and Howat Harlin opposed President John L. Lewis'
policy ln tko last convention of tho
mlneworkers, when Lewis recommended that the mlneworkers placo
their case in the hands of a commission agreeing beforehand to be
absolutely bound by the findings ot
said commission; Harlln contending that this was entirely uncalled
for procedure and was' nothing but
compulsory arbitration. Lewis, ln
turn, calling It voluntary arbitration. However, considerable dissatisfaction exists in the miners' movoment, owing to their last settlement. For instance, ln the Stato of
Washington ono coal concern has
absolutely unheeded the commission's award and the government,
despite stacks of telegrams calling
for action and their own extraordinary high hounding promises, aro
not moving In the premises. This
is all tho more significant when It
lt recalled how quickly Injunctions
were brought Into play when the
miners quit producing coal. Harlln
will unquestionably be the champion of all those who, at this time,
disapprove the settlement, and they
are by far the greater part of tho
membership of tho mlneworkers'
organization.
Harlln ls a man possessed of wide
experience, Is very popular and will
more than likely havo the opportunity of demonstrating his administrative qualtttes following tho
next olection, unless the miners
decide to go O. B. U„ as they have
in Western Canada.
Alee Howat of Kansas wilt be a
strong candidate for vice-president
being well known and made doubly
popular with the workers through
betng in prison and putting up
such a stubborn fight against the
Kansas non-strike legislation or Industrial Court introduced and so
blatantly advertised by the Kansas
governor.
Harlln and Howat are strong advocates of the shorter workday and
can therefore, depend upon the opposition of the large ooal and steel
Interests, especially In the east, In
their election.
T'-o candidates mentioned are In
receipt of- varying numbers of invitations from practically every district ln tke organization.
Tho United Mine Workers most
assuredly needs a shaking up. Collective bargaining Has been sun;
planted by commissions, and the
mlneworkers are naturally looking
forward for men who will advocate
measures more in keeping with (he
times than the reactionary programme followed for the past few
years. It Is to be hoped that the
forthcoming elections wtll not be
marked by so many questionable
practices that characterized many*
past elections. The pork-barrel politics of organizers and the mushroom growth of new districts, etc.,
are painful remembrances that
honest men would like to forget
let alone see In the future.
Now Open
The Fourteen Day Double Quick
SALE
Our entire July Salo Stock to deer ia tm week, at prlcea tba*
don't begin to pay for tbe material   that would take a full montb '
to move by ordinary selling methods. Gift prlcea on Sulta, Coata.
Capes, Sweeten, Silk and Wash Skirts.
"IT'S A DOUBLE-QUICK SALB BECAUSE
-      IT  MEANS DOUBLE-QUICK SHOPPING!"
Doors Open Daily at 9 a. m,
FROM MAKER TO WEARER
623
HASTINGS ST. W.
Near OranviU.
I
KATE O'HARE
Workers  Pledge  Themselves to Secure Release
of Political Prisoners
New Tork—(N. T. Bureau)—
Threo thousand persons who gathered ln tho Lexington Opera
Houso to welcomo Kate Richards.
O'Hare'after her release from 14
months' imprisonment ln the Jefferson City federal penitentiary,
pledged themselves to continue the
flght for the release of 2,000 other
political prisoners still confined ln
federal Jails.
Tumultous applause broke loose
at the gathering when Mrs, O'Hare
appeared in tbe hall, The audience
rose to Its feet nnd cheered while
she walked to the platform, and
continued Its plaudits when she
took her scat, and received
bouquets of roses brought to her
from all parts ot the auditorium.
" It was hard to go to jail," Mrs.
O'Hare declared, "but lt would have
been still* harder not to stand up
for the things I believe. I am glad,
I am proud, I am happy that tho
powers that be considered me sufficiently dangerous to lock me up,
And when .they shut me up, they
found that I was ten "times more
dangerous ln jail than out Then
they released me."
At a reception given hor at the
Hand school a loving cup to "Kate,
her children, and her children's
children," was presented to Mrs.
O'Hare by the Kate Richards
O'Hare Oommlttee.
Bombay, India—The Q, I. P. R.
R. strike is still going on, In spite
of the attempts of the British soldiers to force the workers to return to work; More than 12,000
men are out. In retaliation to English atrocities, the strikers are destroying railway lines, demolishing
warehouses and breaking cars. The
English police dare not arrest the
workers,
London—According to Gugllel-
mo Marconi, wireless Inventor, and
head of the world-wide radio Interests, the marine wireless operators' strike called June 15 In London affects 4500 men, of whom 95
per cent, are members of the operators union.
OWNING AND WORKING.
Tou see them nobby houses, pard,
There sitting on the boulevard,
With  sassy  grass   la  front  and
back,
And on tho side an auto track.
And loads of room and light and
air?
Well, you and me, we don't Uve
there,
No, we don't own them places—
still
Twas you and me that built 'em,
B11L
Them factories that hurt your eye
To look at, seetn' they're so high,
And all them heavy works Inside,
The    workingmen    so    smoothly
guide,
And make them grind but, so they
say,
A bunch of proflt every day.
Where engines hardly ever stops,
Well, you and me don't own them
shops,
No, we don't own the smallest mill,
But you and me built 'em, BUI,
Tou   see   them   engines   on   the
track?
Them street cars running out and
back?
Them cranes that, blocks of Iron
snatch?
We built the whole blamed shoot*
In' match.
The guy that calls them things his
own,
He never set a single stone,
Nor drove a nail, nor made a fill.
Twas you and me that made 'em,
BUI
r—Selected.
Let Us Have a
Mutual Understanding
The More Buiineu I Do—
tbe More Honey Ton Save
Shop Here and Help to Brint
Down High Prlcea
Strawberries arriving fresh
every day. Buy now
while they are at their
best for preserving.
Special, crate $1.75
Fruit Jars, for preserving—>
pints, special, doz $I.SS
Quarts, special, doz. ....• 1.05
Half gal., special, dos. $1.M
New Potatoes, Ib 20o
Stlverskln Onions, 0 lbs. ..ita
Cantaloupes, Just arrived,
price, each 15c and 80o
Fancy Large Lemons, dos. SOe
Extra    Fancy    Valencia
Oranges,  large and Juicy,
per dos. (Bo
Butter,    finest    new • grans
creamery, fresh In daily,
S lbs.  fl.,5
Dairy Butter, 1-lb. bricks 55o
Local New Laid Eggs, fresh
dally, dozen ...,»0o
Cowan's Cocoa, special
per tin  10a
Robin Hood Rolled OaU, 6-
lb. sacks 47a
Extracts, Lemon and Vanilla.
S bottles .SBo'
Fine Pink Salmon, 3 tins 85a
Peanuts, fresh shelled, Ib. 80a
SUGAR SPECIAL
B. C.   Granulated   Sugar
100-lb. sacks. Very special at™ (81.5*
Rogers' Syrup ln 5-lb.
tins  75o
10-lb. tins  »1.50
Libby's Pottod Meats, assorted flavors, 3 tins 85o
S. T. WALLACE
MARKETARIA
The Home of Quality
Groceries
118 HASTINGS ST. W.
Seymour 1261
KIRK'S
Guaranteed Coal
Means—
If our coal is not satisfactory to you, after you
have thoroughly iried it
out, we will remove what
ooal is left and charge you
nothing for what you have
used.
Tou to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
LIMITED
929 Main Street
PhoBM Seymour ita ud MI
OLELAMD-SIBBLB   BNOKAT-
INQ OOMPANT
PBOIO  XMOBAVEBS
OOMKBB0UL ABinTt
ftono Styaoar TlO
Wll  Plow,   World  Mildlsf,  Via-
 ooant. 1. 0.
Greatest Stock ol
Furniture
in Greater Vancourer
Replete In every detail
Hastings FarnittireCalii
U HMUifi Itreet WM
U lUU TOU OEt
VAN BROS.
tt*X—t TOV AIK TOS
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anl Non-alcoholic wlaei ot an
UNION   MEN'I   ATT1NTION
Labor Power Regenerated
—at the-.
MODEL "cAFE
Meals of the Best—Pricei
Bight
P. Gibb
57 Oordova St W.
Near the Loggers' HaU
b Economical   Tbe Coupons tt—-'
It carries —redeemable lor autel
articles .. are a further economy.
SPORTSMEN! - ATHLETES!
THentBy "y™ K. *W mak« yOU want * « out doors an*
S«i»h.!r™u. "Ia aisolp"of Isaae Wa"°n or * b'is6b"11 «nw
^    .!'«..? h".r? "> """ ca™ ot to**' ovory ooed. W. hay.
TISDALLS LIMITED
... HAsrG^svz™ rsira-».
Westminster Brewery I
11    mM^tfli THIS PAOE IB PAID JOB BT THB
1DHBEB AKD CAMP WOBKEBS
.    or IHB 0. B. v.
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
IHIS PAOE IS DEVOTED 10 DTTBB- I
ESN OP IHB LUMBER ABD OAMP  I
WOBKEBS tma OP THE O.B.B.       |
TWELFTH YEAR.   No. 27
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MO|jNING, JULY 2,1920
$2.50 PER YEA£
Lumber and Camp Workers
—Industrial Unit News—
Camp Reports
ALBERNI,
In an article In The Federation-
let *re convention, lt stated " the
workers must learn to atrlke on
the Job." I am in full accord with
this, because In my opinion that
Is the only way the workers will
•ver get control of the industry in
which they work. I believe the
workers should also learn that
they must elect their officials from'
the job so that they have men
representing them from the Industry they work ln. Also that
ao official should hold, office longer
than 6 months, and must then return to the Job for one year before being again eligible for offlce.
And, ln order to keep the officials
from creating large bank accounts,
that they should not get any more
wages than the workers average
the year round.
Yes, fellow-workers, on the job
to the place to strike; on the Job
to the place to educate your fellow-
slaves; en the Job ls the place to
run your unton; and from the job
to the place to get your officials.
If the above are any use to you
remember them at the coming
convention and elect your officials
from thc job.
H. Allman.
Hi
fferior to the present time, but this
is a modern age And the conditions
were fast improving.
In closing the speaker thanked
the men for the very good hearing
they gave him. He also thanked
Mr. R. J. Barter of the Otis Staples
Lumber Company, Limited, for the
kindness shown htm and party during the- evening. The party enjoyed an excellent supper at the
camp.
KINGCOME RIVER.
a general   meeting   of
At a general meeting of all
campa here to-day, It was resolved
that the delegates from these
camps tc thc Coast convention, be
Instructed to Introduce and vote
fer thc following:
1.—That a referendum be taken
•f the cout district as to thc advisability of a general strike to enforce the minimum wage of 16
on the coast.
2. That no member on thc pay
roll of the organization shall have
voice or vote at conventions, except as called upon for reports or
Information.
3. That the coast district withdraws from the central executive
and join direct with the O. B. U.
4. That a stenographer be employed to report proceedings of
the coast convention in full and
that the report be published.
' 6. That details and full amount
cf per capita tax to O. B. U. be
published, also thc number of
paid-up members in the organization.
I. That a member over 30 days
In arrears with dues whilst working, be in bad standing.
7. T^iat article «, section 2, of
dd constitution, be replaced In
new constitution.
I. That article 32 of new constitution be struck cut.
STILLWATER STRIKE
Camp 1—A demand was made
for a 60c raise for ateel gang and
section men. The company flrst
offered BOc for steel gang, and 26c
for section men. This was refused.
They then offered the full raise for
the section men, provided they
would sign an agreement guaranteeing that no more demands for
Increase would be made for the
next six months, unless there was
a general Increase all round affecting the whole of the coast association camps. The men refused to
make this agreement, and came
out on ctrike, being backed in their
action by the grading and beach
camps, who came out in sympathy.
CRANBROOK
A number of Cranbrook business
men, accompanied by Mr. W. J
Bowser, M. P. P., leader of the op
position in the British Columbia
Oovernment, went out to Springfield, where they visited the lumber
camp of the Otis Staples Lumber
Company, Limited, Mr. R. J.
Barter took the party around the
camp, which is fitted up in real
modern style, there being two
large dynamos Installed supplying
electric light to all buildings ln
the camp. The camp is also fitted
with shower baths and a large
swimming pool; there is a laundry
Installed, where the men's clothes
are washed every week. After the
party Inspected th camp Mr. Bowser addressed the men in their
large hall- There were about 200
cf the men gathered In at the
meeting and the speaker explained
to those present that he was not
going to give them any political
apeech, but he wished to congratulate both the men and their employers for their Ideal conditions.
Mr. Bowser said be had travelled
ever the entire province on many
occasions and visited practically
every corner and place, and never
had he come across a camp with
such Ideal conditions. He flrst admired the location. He said the
flrst impression he got when coming into the camp among the pines,
with such clean and neat grounds
and buildings, was like a large
sanatorium, as it was ln just such
places that institutions of this
kind were erected. He complimented thc men on their clean and
neat appearance, which he said
was due to a great extent to Ue
good conditions In the camp. He
also saia there was an air of contentment which was very noticeable among this body of men,
Which did not exist In camps where
conditions were not so good. Mr.
Bowser spoke of the days when he
was a boy. The camp life in tho
Woods In those days was far   in-
DISTRICT DIRECTORY
Ctonsnl Headquarters:
Ysacoaver, B. O.; E, Winch, 11 Cordova. Streot Weit.
Onnbnok, B. O.; J. H. Tbompion,
Box 19.
Cranbrook    Diitriet—Legal     Oi*
vlfor:   George Spreull.
Karaloopa, B. O.; J. L. Peterion, Box
812, s Victoria Stnet.
Merrlt, B. O.; W. S. Kilner. Box 8.
tfilion,   B.  0.;   B.  Buiow,  General
Delivery.
Heelings are held In the 0. B. U.
Hall, Baker Street, Nelson, on the
first and third Sunday of each
month at 8
Frince Qeorge.
Drawer 20.
f,m.
. 0.;
J. Stevenson,
Prince Bupert, B. 0.; J, H, Burrough,
Box 883.
Vancouver, B. 0.; 3. M. Olarke. et
Oordova Street West,
Victoria, B. 0.;  E. Waterson, 1424
Government Street.
Edmonton,  Alta.;   0.  Berg,  10333—
lOlit Street East.
Prince Albert, Sask.; Oeo. Tether. 108
—8th Street Bui
Winnipeg, Man.; lumberworkers' Union, 198 Henry Avenue.
Cobalt, Oat.; 3. D. Oluney, SS Lang
Street. *
Cochrane, Oat; 8. OrandeU, General
Delivery.
Tort rrancis. On*.; I. 0. Weil. Box
880, WabfUr HaU. ^
Sndbury, Oat.; Wl Cowan, Box 1631,
Lisgar Street,
Tlnmins, Ont.;   Lsabtrworkfrt  District SecreUry, 40 Second An.  P.
0. Box 200.
Montreal; V. Biaatta, 31.St. Laurent
Stmt
CRANBROOK DISTRICT
Report by Organiser Robinson
Meeting at Camp 2, June 22,
1920:
Meeting opened by Delegate
Robinson.
Nomination for chairman. No
one would act.
I then tried to explain to the
members the necessity of a camp
delegate and committee. Thc members agreed with me that the need
waa great in that camp, but after
a personal canvass I could not flnd
anyone who would take the responsibility. I called for nominations from the floor of the meeting, but could get no response.
This camp is in bad shape as far as
organization is concerned, and a
good life-saver is needed in the
worst way.
I collected $27 in dues at this
camp. There are several others in
arrears but they have no money at
present. Others showed a willingness to join when they got a payday.,
On June 23 I passed through
Camp 1, notifying them I would
be back the next evening and hold
a meeting, My reason for doing
this was to let them discuss their
troubles among themselves, and
choose a delegate.
I then visited some rancher
piece-workers at Skookumcnuck,
but had no success with them,
Visited Camp 6; only 16 men In
camp. Held meeting. No delegate ln camp; could not get anyone to respond to nominations.
Finally I managed to get a fellow-
worker to act. Everyone in camp
organized except cook house crew.
They will Join after pay day.
Held meeting In Camp 1 the next
evening. Had a hard time to get
a delegate. After a lot of refusals
managed to get one elected. A
camp committee was also elected.
Workera mostly Russian.   Walk
Ing boss promised blankets would
be In camp about flrst of" July.
Delegate 2264,
District Organizer.
BOOZE  vs.  EMANCIPATION
Apathy and booze, the two greatest enemies of the working class,
were much ln evidence In connection^* with the recent Kamloops District convention. "Let George do
it" seems still to be our' motto,
as many camps and several parts
of the district were not prepre-
sented.
Those of us who did get there to
try and do our bit, found there
was no alternative but to lock ourselves In the secretary's office and
to hold our deliberations to the accompaniment of a bunch of howling drunks in Ue hall on the other
side of a thin board partition.
Still there were a goodly number
of sane and sober members on
hand to wltnesS the proceedings,
and lt is to be regretted that things
turned out as stated.
I feel I have something tn common with the fellow-worker who
a certain occasion wrote the
following: "The only way to argue
with those guys ls with a big
knotty club," He must have felt
In the same frame of mind as I
did, and really lt ls the only effective way to argue with such a
bunch of Scissor Bills. Direct action could be used to advantage at
times, we must all admit.
Throughout the' pandemonium
which reigned ln the hall, the words
of most frequent recurrence was
our old friend, "Pie card artist,"
which seemed to register the sum
total of their Intelligence.
Now, fellow-workers .while lt
would be wasted effort to write
you a sermon, still I would like
to point but that the union hall
and a union meeting is no place
for a bunch of booze artists to give
an exhibition of their talents; but
if you feel that you must act the
fool, better stage your show at some
of the joints where you imbibed
your bright ideas; there, amongst
the other poor simps you might
flnd a more appreciative audience.
"These are the times that try
men's souls."
Del.   2326.
Sample copies of. the lotion
have been sent to many camps.
Those not covered will receive them
when a further supply arrives from
the publisher. The Nation Is one
of, lf not the most, advanced of the
high-class publications issued ln
the States. It ts a paper which
should be widely read, but it Is
Impossible owing to its price, for
the organization to purchase thousands of copies for' distribution,
but any camp or member desirous
of subscribing to the paper, can do
so direot with the publishers, or
through headquarters.
i-_	
Any one knowing the address of
T. Woods, who recently worked at
Simoon Sound, please Inform Vanoouver headquarters.
CRANBROOK DISTRICT
DELEGATES' MEETING
A meeting of the camp delegates
was held on June 20.
Delegates present: Armand Z.
Vlau, Kitchener; O. J. Dandeneap,
W. F. Young, George Heafford,
Yahk; C. G. Cooke, Wycliffe; Lee
Rader, Wardner; Chas, McPhall,
Ed. Doblnson, A. Musser, Wasa;
Dave Coffey, Fortf Steele; Oscar
Erickson, Norman Holtby, Fernle;
W, Nelson, Cathness; F. Bidder,
Marysville.
Thirty members of the rank and
flle were present.
The minutes of thc meeting were
ac follows:
Meeting opened by Fellow Worker Ed. Bobinson at 10 a-m.
Ed. Rotiinson elected to the
chair.
Correspondence read by secretary from the secretary cf Nelpon
district re holding a convention of
the Short Logs districts.
Motion by Chas. McPhall, seconded by Fred Bidder, that the
secretary write Nelson secretary
that thc Cranbrook district coujd
not see where any benefit could be
derived, only a lot of unnecessary
expense.   Carried.
Correspondence from E. Winch
re transportation of delegates to
the Coast convention. This ls covered by Clause 67, Page 17, of the
constitution.
Letter read by secretary from E.
Winch to district executive members changing place for holding
general convention from Winnipeg
to Vancouver.
Motion by Chas. McPhall, seconded by Geo. Heafford, that delegates elected insist on the setting
of date, day, and place of holding
thc next general convention and
that no change be made thereafter.
Carried.
Motion by Geo. Heafford, seconded by W. F. Young, that all Industries be centralised at the headquarters cf thc O. B. U.   Carried.
Motion by Chas. McPhall, seconded by F. Bidder, that the delegates that go .to the general convention vote that the per capita
tax to headquarters bc only 26
cents.   Carried.
Mr. Haughlund of Yahk was permitted to outline his labor paper
which he intended to start In this
district
After the members had discussion on subject, moved by Geo.
Heafford, seconded by F. Bidder,
that discussion cease as paper was
to be run on its own merit. Carried.
Thc chairman then called for
nomination of delegates to general
convention:
Ed. Robinson, O. J. Dandencau,
Fred Bidder, Lee Rader, Chas. McPhall, Angus Musser, Geo. Heafford, W. F. Young.
Moved by Chas. McPhall, seconded by Oscar Erickson, that
nominations be closed.   Carried.
Motion by Chas. McPhall, seconded by Oscar Erickson, that the
meeting adjourn till 2 p.m. Carried.
Meeting called te order-at 2 p.m.
by Chairman Ed. Robinson, Delegate Armand Z. Vlau absent.
Mr. Sullivan of the Cranbrook
Courier was permitted to place his
Idea of the lumber workers having
a sheet ln the Cranbrook Courier.
His proposal was that if the lumber workers could obtain 1,000 subscribers that he would place a page
in the Courier at their disposal and
then camp delegates and members
could act as reporters for some. All
workers that have subscribed
would bc included in the 1,000.
Motion by Chaa. McPhall, seconded by Lee Raider, that it be
submitted to the members ln camp
to ascertain lf we could get the
1,000 subscribers.    Carried.
Letter read by secretary from M,
A. Casey re hospital.
Moved by Chas. McPhall, seconded by F. Bidder, that discussion
cease aa there were no complaints
regarding the Cranbrook hospital
and doctors.   Carried.
The setting of date for district
convention was then discussed.
Motion by Chas. McPhall, seconded by O. J. Dandeneau, that the
Cranbrook district convention be
held on Sunday, August 1, 1220, to
commence at 10 a.m.
Amendment by G. F. Bidder that
convention commence at 2 cm.
Carried as amended.
Motion by Chas. McPhall, seconded by N. Holtby, that the delegates be notified ln writing and
that the date of district convention
be published In Federatlonist. Carried.
The secretary then asked for an
auditing committee. The chairman
called for nominations:
Robinson, Dave Coffey,  C.
G, Cooke.
Motion by G. F. Bidder, seconded by Chas. McPhall, that nominations close.  Carried.
Moved by Chas, McPhall, seconded by G. Heafford, that Ed. Robinson be sent out as district organizer.    Carried.
Motion by Chaa. McPhall, seconded by Lee Rader, that district
organiser's wages be 17.90 per day
and transportation.    Carried.
Motion by Chas, McPhall, seconded by Fred Bidder, that the secretary pay to Norman Holtby $6
which a worker of the White
Spruce had paid on organisation
work.   Carried.
Motion by Fred Bidder, seconded
by O. J. Dandeneau, that the meeting adjourn,   Carried.
J. H. THOMPSON,
Secretary-Treasurer.
O. B. U. Men
O. B. U. ''Card Men"
Mention haa frequently been
made In these columns of the strike
at Usk, G. T. P., Involving four
mills and camp of the Royal Lumber Co,, Kleanza Mining & Trading
Co., Kenny Bros, and Kitselas Lumber Co., employing ln the neighborhood of 100 men when running,
Previous to May 1, all these concerns had been operating on an 8-
hour basis* On that date they pos.
ted a notice that the mills would
run a hours. (The Kitselas mill
was not ready for running, and no
notice was posted to that effect,
but it later fell Into line with the
rest, when the mill wu ready, and
similar action by the employees
was taken.) The millmen and loggers (the latter had been working
eight hours), all struck to resist
the change, and from that time to
the time of writing, (June 28),
mills and camps have been unfair,
and only a pretence of operation
haa been possible with the strikebreakers they have been -able to
secure. In fact, the only concern
of the four that haa been able to
make a pretence of operating
worth notice la the Royal Lumber
Co., one of the kingplna ot which
la Ole Hanson, who has aeveral
camps along the line getting out
ties and poles for the G. T. P., and
who has recently been appointed
Swedish consul for British Columbia.   By dint of the most unscrupu-
by return mail, he would be posted,
and all points from Prince Rupert
to Edmonton notified. Wallace
Campbell, R. C. 84, has also qualified for honoroble mention on the
bosses' honor roll of those who do
their bit for the boss during labor
troubles.
The three O, B. V. card holders
at Hanson's were also notified, and
the following correspondence took
place between the writer and McLaughlin, which Is submitted without comment:
Usk, B. C, June 20, 1920.
To Mr. J. H. Burrough,
Sec. O. B. U„ Prince Rupert.
Dear Sir,—1 am ln receipt of
your letter of the 14th Inst., and in
.defence ot my action in remaining
In the employ of the Royal Lumber Co., 1 beg to point out the following facts:
In my opinion.' I can not see
where the union can put this company on the unfair list without discrimination, as they are paying the
union scale of wages and more, and
their camps are up to the requirements of the union, excepting mattresses and springs, which the management Informs me are ordered.
The eight-hour day is also recognised, ln so far as the whistle blows
at eight hours, and the mill runs
one hour more. The company has
also promised that when other
mills ln the district adopt an eight
lous   misrepresentation   and  false hour day, they are perfectly willing
Subscribed to the labor defense
fund by the L. W. I. N. memberB
In the J. A I. camp at Port Clements, Q. C. I.: H. Wade, 87.70;
M. TetsoS, 84.80; J. Parnell, IS.80;
A. Harris, 82.60; T. Cordy, 84.80;
N. Brown, 86.80: J. W. Smith,
84.80; E. Peterson, 86.65; K. Stewart, 86.06; M. Donovan, 84.80; V.
King, 86; H. McDonald, 86.30; G.
Hardy, 88.30; O. White, 87.70; D.
Briggs, 86.80; J. McDonald, 86.30;
W. Wellwood, 86.80; J. Mahoney,
84.80; W. D. Rae, 86.80; Hannon,
16.80; H. Chester, 87.80; J. A.
Robinson, |4.80; N. Thlebault,
86.80; W. Burns, 87.70; Prey,
84.80; 3. Furnlster, 84.80; M. Peterson, 86.80; C. W. Purkiss, 87.70;
C. Nascon, 84.80; A. Ounnette,
82.26; K. Aurlol, 82.76; E. Strom,
86.30; W. A. Toung, 80.80; A.
Clancy, 88; C. Hughes, 86.80; P.
Bonvin, 88.66; T. Coates, 86.56; M.
Smith, 85.66.   TeUl, 1222.06,
statements, enough men have been
seoured to keep the mill running
spasmodically, there being constant
shut-downs for repairs. The nn
satisfactory nature of the position
from Ole's standpoint la reflected
In his reported statement that he
"wished the whole darned outfit
waa In the river." This is endorsed
by a atatement made hy another
official of the same company, that
the crowd they had was no good to
them, and they would have to shut
down. The latest news la that they
have done ao, oatensibly for repairs, and the period ls atated to
be for three or four weeks.
The point to note ls that these
campa have attempted to revert to
the 8-hour day, after working 8
hours, and that the strike ln con
sequence ls a defensive measure to
retain what we already have, not
to make any fresh gains.
The strikers have shown a flne
example ot solidarity from the
start, and one delegate In particular merits special mention for the
work he has done, and ls still doing to stop men trom coming In to
work at any of the mills. They are
real O. B. U. men, and have exhibited a flne appreciation of the
principles on which the O. B. U. ls
based.
However, in this, as in all aim),
lor cases, there were bound to be
exceptions to the rule, and they
stand out In glaring contrast tb the
reat. They are of the type that la
the curse of any organization, and
are known aa "card men." They
only belong to the union because
lt ls easier to stay on a job wtth a
card than without one, and because
it is becoming harder to flnd any
Job where men of their type are
not ln a hopeless minority, and sub.
Ject to the contemptuous criticism
of their fellow workers. Thoroughly "Job-conscious," economic necessity Is not necessary to induce them
to act the part of strike-breakers
against the members of their own
organization. Sufflclent for them to
know that they have a chance to
make 'themeslves solid with the
boss and to ensure for themselves
the elusive ideal of "a steady Job."
There are three men of this type
who have been performing the
function ot strike-breakers at
Hanson's mill, and all of them
carry cards in the O, B. U. Their
names are:
W. A. McLaughlin, signed up in
the L. W. I. U. ln the Prince
George district, and carried credentials as delegate; sawyer.
D. McKinnon, L. W. I. U. member, Prince George district; setter.
Elnar Stockland, O. B. V. member, Frince Rupert, blacksmith, No.
8701, Metal Trades Unit, formerly
employed at the Cold Storage Co.
in Prince Rupert. Has paid no dues
since December, 1919.
A meeting wae held In Usk on
June 18, to which the crowd working at Hanson's had been invited,
and had refused, with one exception, to attend. The exception was
a member of the L. W. I. U. who
hod been engaged ln Edmonton In
Ignorance of the situation, only
spending three hours In the city.
He quit as soon as the position was
explained to him, and was prob'
ably old enough to act as grand'
father to the whole bunch. His
name Is Mike O'Neil, and he de.
serves "honorable mention." Tho
meeting was addressed by the
writer and Bro. Dawson, late engineer at the Kitselas mill, who accompanied the former by request.
The situation was fully gone Into,
and the upshot of lt was that the
men working tor the Kleanza Co.
agreed to get out aa soon aa they
had earned their fare. Without exception, they stated that the position had been misrepresented to
them, and they would not have
come lf they had known the true
state of affairs. The Kenny Bros.'
mill Is a "family outnt," of the type
In which Auntie does the cooking,
dad runs the saw, Willie leads the
horse, and grandfather potters
around, making himself generally
useless. As a factor in the strike
situation, It Is negligible. Two of
the men working there had agreed
to attend the meeting, but tolled
to do so, and one of them, W.
Brown, has since made a trip to
Terrace to get Btrlke-breakerfl, and
finding lt necessary to He unblush-
Ingly to get them, only to lose them
as soon as they arrived. Reports
received since the meeting Indicate
that the men at the Kleanza mill
are keeping thcir word, and getting out as they get enough to pay
their fares. The Kitselas mill was
not operating, but a L. W. I. U.
man was working around. This
was Wm. Carrlgan, R. C. 28. The
foreman (also L. W. I. U.), A. P.
Chenettc, R- C. 30, has made himself conspicuous by his efforts to
induce strikers to go back. Carrlgan agreed to quit, but word has
been received since that he did not
make good on his word, and is still
working. He has been formally
notified to do so from this offlco,
and falling receipt of notice from
the delegate, that he has done ao,
to toll In line, but claim It is im.
possible for them to compete
against mills that are running 0
and 10 hours a day, and are paying less wages than this firm waa
paying for 8 hours.
I do not want to do anything
that is detrimental to the union,
but before I leave my Job here,
will have to be shown where I am
wrong, and 1 can not aa a-member
of the union, uphold their action
ln putting this company and the
other mills at Usk on the unfair
Hat, unless they did the same with
all the other mills operating in the
country. This mill should have the
same privileges as any other mill,
and if the union wishes to enforce
the 8-hour day, they ahould go
after all the mills.
I am for fair play and Justice,
without which the O. B. U. or any
other organization can not hope to
acceded.
With regard to the matter of no-
tffying the Prince George aeeretary; and publishing our names in
The B. C. Federatlonist, lf you wish
t6 be fair, I think you should pub.
lujh this letter, so that members of
th'e union may know Just how matters stand.
Until 'the 8-hour day Is enforced
ln all the mills, I would only have
tb' go to work In another mill, and
work tho same number of hours for
less 'pay, and mill work ls what I
follow to make my living.   Moreover,'  I  would   personally  rather
work 9 or 10 hours (getting paid
accordingly)   in the summer and
take it a little easier ln the winter.
Regretting that I can not see my
way clear'to comply with your request, I am, yours for fair play.
W. A. MCLAUGHLIN.
Prince George, B. G.,
Box 838,
June 22, 1910.
To W. A. McLaughlin,
Sir: Tour letter of the 20th Inst.,
Usk, B. C.
In answer to mine of the 14th Inst,
to hand.
I have read your letter carefully,
and given it full consideration, and
can not flnd that you have advanced any argument to justify the
stand you have taken.
The strike was called by the
membership affected to defend the
principle of the eight-hour day,
following the announcement of the
several companies that they Intended to run their mills nine hours
a day. Previous to this announcement, the mills hsd been running
eight hours, and the membership
rightly construed the movo as an
attack on the eight-hour day, and
acted ln defence ot that principle
when they decided to resist the
change.
From the men's point of view, lt
la the first step towards the relntro-
ductlon of the 10-hour day, as we
had before the war. It would be
only a matter of a short time before thc 64-hour week would be In
full operation, and It would be but
a step from that to the ten-hour
day again.
Tho strike, therefore, Is not to
gain something we have not got,
but to retain what we have already
gained, and Is purely defensive in
character.
Tou belonged to the same organization as the men who walked
out. You also occupied the position of a delegate In the same
union. By your action ln taking
the place of one of the strikers,
you lend a greater significance to
your action than would have been
the case lf you had uot carried
these credentials. Tou went to
the campB after the strike hod
been called by your own organization, and took the place of one of
the strikers, which is totally Inexcusable.
Tour contention that the company "recognizes" the eight-hour
day by blowing the whistle at the
expiration of eight hours, and
keeps on working for another hour
la too ridiculous to merit a reply.
, Tour say that you "can not, as
a member of the union, uphold
their action in putting this company and the other mills at Usk on
the unfnir list, unless they did the
same with all thc other mills operating in the country."
Tou thereby advance tho proposition that your individual opinion
Is worth more than the collective
opinion of all thc employees of tho
four mills. If you take this attitude, why did you ever Join the
union? If you were not prepared
to abide by the decision of the majority? How Is any organization
possible lf majority opinion Is not
to rule? Your argument means
that you refuse to recognize majority rule,and If at any time or at
any place you know that the L, W.
I. u. is on striko, you will decide,
for yourself whether you will Bcab
or not. Neither you nor any other
member of the O. B. U„ once having joined 'tho organization, has
any right to adopt thot attitude.
In any organization, If It Is to exist
at all, the will and wishes of the
Individual must be subordinate to
those ot the majority.   Theae an
LUMBER    COMPANIES    TRANSACTIONS EXPOSED.
The Timber Investigation Commission now taking evidence with
reference to charges of graft in
connection with sales of government timber find that five weeks'
investigation of the Shevlln-
Clarke Company books, covering
periods 1910-1919, show 8768,000
paid in Crown dues, but that from
every 1,000 feet for which they
paid Crown dues they were able
to cut 2,000 feet of lumber. This
would not be so bad lf they had
utilized the proceeds ot the discrepancy to establish first-class
camp conditions or to conform to
the provincial regulations; but, instead of this, emboldened by their
success, they totally ignored . the
legal requirements, and have* compelled the men to live In filthy,
Insanitary camps which are nothing but breeding -grounds of
disease and epidemics. During the
period when-'the employer has
been able to cut two feet of lumber from one of log the worker
has had hard work to make two
dollara purchase what one did previously. Had the Industry been
run In the Interest of the community Instead ot the profiteers,
the people could have had cheap
lumber for houses, the men could
have -lived In sanitary camps, and
the purchasing power of the dollar
would not have been so serious tf
matter for them aa it haa been.
Correspondence
Wasa Western Lumber Co...
Wages, $6 per day, low; board,
$1.20 per day, the board is poor.
The pook can keep his end up if
furnished. We had a lot of
trouble In getting a bull cook, but
after three weeks' steady kicking
Anally made them come through;
accommodation poor, bunk house
26 x 16, eight double bunks. Two
small bunk houses. Three men in
one and four In the other. A few
mattresses on the job, but most
of the bunks are supplied with a
donkey's breakfast, tor the workers
to sleep on. We were promised
steel beds and springs and mat-
resses, on May the Srd. But they
have failed to appear on the Job.
The bosses keep making excuses
that the beds have got lost in
transit. That went for awhile, but
lt has gone beyond reason. There
is no bath-house one of the promises that have failed to materialize).
To make a long story short, lt
Is a first-class hay-wtre outfit, and
the main object of the four bosses
is to swing the bull by the tail,
Yours for better conditions
Delegate  2254.
At
PROPAGANDA   MEETING
Regular propaganda meeting
held at Vancouver, June 27. 1920,
Fellow Worker Holllday in the
chair.
Minutes of previous meeting
read and adopted.
Fellow Workers Holllday and Labell reported on behalf of the committee that Inspected the Robert
Dollar's camp at Union Bay, stating that the committee had inspected the camp, and had found It in
a sanitary condition. The company
bad built a new water tank, and
were getting the water from an
other source. Some members who
had worked there previous to the
strike, had Informed them that the
camp was 9G per cent. Improved,
Seeing that the health authorities
had passed the camp, and that
there was a danger of scabs getting in, the committee had recommended that the strike be called
ofl. ,
Motion adopted: "That the report
be received, and the action of the
committee endorsed."
Organizer Alexander reported
that a meeting would be held ln
New Westminster on Wednesday
night to discuss the question of
forming a Central Labor Council
there.
Financial report given In detail,
showing:
Balance on hand, June 10..$5874.71
Receipts  8269.76
$9144.47
Less expenses  2196.19
Balance on hand, June 27—-16948.8
Report received and referred to
audit.
Secretary reported having received a wire from Prince Rupert
stating that the Masset Timber Co.
at Buckley Bay wero putting their
camps on a contract basis.
Motion adopted: "That the secretary be instructed to publish the
Buckley Bay trouble on thc street
banner."
Motion adopted: "That a committee of two be elected to endeavor
to gain possession of various notice
boards in prominent places In the
city, for the use of Uie organization."
Fellow WorkerB Alexander and
Clinton being the only nominees accepting nomination, were elected
by acclamation.
Motion adopted: "That thc secretary be Instructed to correct the
ejror in the Federatlonist, re tho
Stillwater strike."
Moved: "That this meeting recommend that all camps going on
strike elect a strike committee on
the Job."
Amendment: "Thut the socretary
be instructed to attend all strike
meetings held at 'headquarters, and
get all Information."
Amendment to thc amendment:
That this meeting recommend that
all camps which go on strike elect
a Btrike committee on the Job; that
this committee turn In a written
report Into the office, and that no
report be published without this
written information." Amendment
to tho amendment carried.
-Motion adopted: "That this meeting go on record as desiring that
the next propaganda meeting elect
a delegate or delegates to the convention."
Motion adopted; "That the offlce
close on all legal holidays."
Meeting adjourned nt 6:30 p.m.
UNCALLED-FOR MAIL
Headquarters—Initial Follows
Surname
Anderson, C. A., Abbott, M.,
Adamson, James, Allen, F. J,, Atkinson, Carson.
Billings, Frank, Brown, Alex.
Bullock, Joseph, (regis.), Brans,
M., Bryn, W., Bradwlth, T. A.,
Brooks, Joseph, Bogart, A., Browne,
Ephralm, Belado, Peter, Barr, R
J., Burgess, M.
Coons, Lloyd, Carsun, Gerald,
(regis.), Camlre, Wilfred, Clinton,
Bob, Clark, C. B„ (parcel), Campbell, Roy L., Cameron, Dan, Coul*
ter, George A., (regis.), Christiansen, Wm. H., Connors, Thos., Cum*
berland, Emil, Cawston, Jas., Cheu-
ney, Alanzo, Campbell, Hugh A,
Dunbar, Alex., Dobrais, Andrew,
Dwyer, T. H., Davis, Wm., (regis.),
Danchok, Joseph, Delib, Francis,
'pesaimary, Lorenzo.
Foot, J. Franch, Chas., Frost, R„
Flickrlck, J. J.
Gauthier, Wm., Greite, Philip,
Gray, J. A., Gee, D. G.,*Glud, J.,
Gllmore, D., Gareau, Joseph, Gallagher, P. J., Green, Hayward,
Graham, M. H., Oreenway, Thos.,
Gilbertson, Gust, Gibson, Samuel.
Howard, Ed., Hanlon, Willie, Hill,
Berth and G., Hutchinson, T. (regis.), Henry, John, HolverBon, O.,
Henderson, Kenneth, Hcrschllk, A.,
Hawley, Geo.
Johnson, Gust, Jonskl, John,
Jones, C. N., Johnsson, G. J., Johnson, F. W., Jones, Albert V.
Kenwrlght, J„ Knight, L. A., Kl-
nos, Karl, Kolesh, John, Kadleff,
A„ Knight, Edward, Kennedy, Jas.,
Kean, John, King, Geo. A., Kangus,
A., Kadarenko, W., Kanes, Frank
J.
Llntoll, Mrs. C. F., Luoma, Henry, Lardon, James J., Lade, John
B., Lucas, A. S., Leishman, Wm.,
Lelfson, Jacob, Lewis, F.
Marrltt, D. W„ Moshler, John,
Miles, Dave, Mors, G., Matheson,
Duncan, Miller, Ben, Miller, Ed.,
Mader, Hugh, Martin, John and
Angus, Matheson, R. D., Mayland,
C„ Match, A., Mullaly, Reg., Mar-
key, 0,| Mills, Bertram.
Mclnnes, John, McLennan, Chas.,
McGrath, M., McLean, R. A., McNeill, J. S., McKenzle, Alex., McDonald, John E., McEachern, Hugh,
McDonald, H., McDonald, M., Mc-
Connachle, James, McNeill, Don.
Nelson, George, Nichols, E. A.,
Nicholson, J., Navln, George, Nolan,
W. A.
Owens, John, Olsen, Alik & H.
J., Odayski, Stephen, O'Donovan,
Pat (regis.)
Poller, Karl (regis.), Paton,
Mike, Panoluk, A., Porkes, W. II.,
Peterson, Chas., Fagura, F.,
Plain, J.
Rogers, V. D., Riksls, Ch., Ris-
saner, Jansu, Reale, Stanley,
Ross, Peter S., Roberts, Joe,
Rider, Sam, Rclnikka, Olver,
Raby, A., Rousseau, A. (regis)
What Should We
Begin With?
By L. Trotsky.
The Labor Week (Trudovaya
Nedella) a Kiev publication, prints
the following article under date ot.
April 19, 1920, and reprinted In
Soviet Russia cf June 12th;
The city workers—the vanguard*
of the Soviets—suffer hunger aad n
cold. Tet there Is plenty of bread -
and fuel In our vast and rich land.
We have an Inexhaustible supply
of labor power. What do wc lack
then? It Is the organisation of
work that we lack.
Under the bourgeois system the
work waa organized by the capitalist employers and directors.
They had charge over the meant
of production (the factories, machines and raw material), they engaged labor, out of which they
squeezed their profits, and converted tt Into their property.
Driven by hunger and habit Inherited from their fathers, tha
workers went into the factories
and workshops and yielded their
labor power to the capitalists. And
.production went merrily on.
Now thc factories and workshops have been taken away from
the capitalists and are forming tho
property of the laboring masses.
The raw material Is there, tho
labor power ls there, but thero
is not, there has not been created,
the new organization of labor
which would correspond to the
newly established conditions of
production—without qbpitalists,
without masters, without the foreman's lash.
This new organization of work
—on new comradely, social, socialistic foundations—must now bo
constructed on all sides.
Fiwt, the imperialistic, then thc
civil war have exhausted and dislocated the country and her economic life. Our' economic life
can be restored only by means ot
a common concerted effort. Entire Russia must be transformed
into one huge factory, where
every citizen, man and woman,
must be a producer and where thc
whole working- population is
master.
We must start with the fundamentals—with the grain and fuck
The factories must be supplied
with wood and coal. The industrial
and railroad workers must no
longer suffer hunger. Then our
industries will come back to life,
and the .peasants will receive tho
Indispensable products—fabrics
and nails, salt, and agricultural
implements.
We must start with the foundation—with the production of rye
and fuel.
For this task all must be inducted Into service—workers and
peasants—women as well as men
—the Red soldiers freed from thc
business of war, and finally all
those who had led an idle life
under the bourgeois syatem and
Wave not yet grown accustomed to
productive work under the Soviet
system.
Soviet Russia is the property of
the producers. Every worker belongs to Soviet Russia. The Socialist state must care for every
one of its workers. This becomes
possible of realization only In case
every worker cares for the state
Whole. Tlie villages must
work not only for themselves, but
for the cities as well. The cities,
In their turn, must work for the
villages. The railroad workers
must link the cities with the villages and facilitate the exchange
of products.
The old capitalistic egoistic rule
"Everybody for himself," Is now
Inapplicable. The country csn be
saved from cold, starvation, and
epidemics only through the utmost, uninterrupted and truly
heroic work  of all Its citizens.
This Is the universal labor duty,
i Everyone is ln duty bound to give
• ,    ,, ,      a  t    cnta.r.t.t 'his knowledge,  his power and, It
Smith, Howard and J.. Stewart,, ^ ^ h|g Ufe for ^ greM M.
PAT  O'MALLY
Blacksmith, died suddenly whilst
on his way from camp at Sedge-
wlck Bay to catch a boat at Thurlow Harbor. He was buried at the
latter place. Information wanted
of friends or. relatives,
DEFENSE  FUND
Lumber      Workers'     Industrial
Union, Cranbrook District....$11.CO.
the elementary principles of organization, as such, with which you
are as well acquainted as any otber
man.
If the mills involved ln this strike
9-hour day,' your Influence will
ever succeed ln starting up on a
have been onc of the deciding factors. Weaklings and non-union men
can point to your presence thord as
credentialled delegate as Justification for working there also.
Hanson already has a part crew
sufficient to keep tho mill running
spasmodically, thereby encouraging
the'other employers, who are in a
much weaker position, to hang on
in resisting the demands of the
union men. You are therefore deliberately and consciously helping
the employers to defoat the efforts
of your fellow workers.
An account of the strike, and the
correspondence I have had with
you, Including this lotter, and yours
of the 4th Inst., will bc forwarded
to The B. C. Federationist for publication, and to the P. G. district
office, by today's mall. If you decide to quit after receipt of this
letter, wire me to that effect, and 1
will stop publcatlon. This also applies to Stockland and McKinnon.
J. H. BURROUGH,
Secretary P. R. District
George, Shurpe, A. J. (regis), Solo,
John,    Stonfield,    Wm.,    Swanson,, Ru(|3f(l
tlty,    which     we    call    Socialist
Pete, Saarlnen, Victor, Stevens, W,
H., Sobko, Wasyt, Seller, Karl (regis.), Sherwowuvy, J-. Stobld, L.,
Shann, W., Shields, Thos., Sumner,
H. (Mrs.), Snowden, Chas., Scott,
Tom.
Tway, V, L., Tolls;, Carl, Taylor, A., TWRlnes, Chas., Twa, Norman, Thornton, Joseph, Turner, E.
S., Torcsen, Torwald, Turzyn, N.
Villannior, Seltlncn, Veaux,
Eugonc.
Wilson, R. W., Wedlg. A.. Wilson, P. K., Watts, Robt. (regis.),
Whltehouse, Norman, Wldnor. Dc-
witt, Webster, H., Watson, TIiob.,
Wells, Geo., Wheeler, A. P„ Wilson,
W. E., Whittle, Geo,, Watson, W.
H., Wilton, Bert, Wnolle, John,'
Wlklund,  Oscar,  Wilson,  James.
Papers, etc.—livarard, —., Douglas, H-, Dunbar, Alex., Glllls, M. T„
Clarke, C. B., Lardon, J. J.,
Meikle, G. F., Snowden, Chas.,
Wlcklund, Oscar. !
The old organization of work on
the basis nf capitalism has been
destroyed forever. The new socialist organization Is now being
erected.
Wc must all become conscious,
unselfish master-builders of the
socialist industrial life. This alone
makes it possible to find a way
out of the difficulty; only thereto
lies salvation; and this alone will
enable us to attain tlie commonwealth.
STRIKE VOTES
As a result of past experience!
and despite tlie views ot those wht
insist upon open voting on strlks
questions the fact remains that it
is only when the secret ballot li
taken do yuu really get a true ex-
pressloil of opinion, for then everyone Is free tu vote ns he renlly
wishes, without intimidation from
thoae who wnnt the decision to go
tho opposite way. By "Intimidation" Is not meant physical but mo-
Collected from Camp 9, Murdoch'ral coercion which Is undoubtedly
Company, Quesncl, B. C, per P, R. often involved in open voting when
Johnson, delegate: P. R. John- the more aggressive and experienc-
son,-$5; J. A. McKinnon, |2; E. ed members may rise en masse In
Berg, $2; Ed. Johnson, $2; V.'support of a crtaln line of action
Sundborg, $2; C. Rldell, $2; A. No)- being taken. It' the secret voting
son, $2; J. Anderson, $2; A. B. system Is adopted it mny involve
Molier, $2; I, Pearson, $2; C. John-   less strike action and cause a severe
Defense Fund
I
son, $2; P. Grlsko, $2; P. Wltenko,
91; M. Zorlen, $1; N. Orlovlch, $1;
I. Eklund, $2; Oskar Lundquist,
92; Joe SavotOVlct) BOc; Mire En-
glch, SOc; J . Holmgrln, $2; A.
Sampson, 92; T. Matson, $1; B.
Pursln, $1; Ole Jorinson, $1; H.
Mathieson. $lj O. Strund, $1; Gust
Johnson, 92; M. Olson, 91; M. Hanson, $2; A. Berg, 92;,L. Nelson, $1;
J. Gamb, fl; Tom Scott, fl; John
McDonell, 91; T. G. Wren, 92; T.
J. Hertlhan. fl; T. McEachen, fl;
E, Jones, 92; D. Olson, 91; H. Me-
Kinnon,,92.r.0; H. Ostler, 92.50; It.
F. Glllls, BOc; W. Frnser, BOc; A.
Fraser, BOc; E, Balnch, fl; T.
Olson, fl; N, Johnson, $1; A.
Johnson, 92; A. Frunsen, $2; .Sam
Jooick, fl.    Total, 977.50.
Don ble-Decker Bunks Illegal
Clause 12 of Regulations for
Camps, states: "Separate bunk or
bed must bo furnished for each
employee. Double-tier bunks will
not bc approved, except In special
cases whero permission has beon
granted by the Provincial Board
of Health or sanitary inspector,"
trial of the patience of the more
advnnced members, but it will ultimately result iu the membership
being a higher average of Intelligence in matters concerning the
modern labor movement as the older members will have to no to great
pains to explain why the line of action they ndvocato will be best,
which,will bo 'good practice for
them and good education for the
rest, aud In addition will mean that
wlintover action is decided upon
has tho solid backing of men who
will stand by tho decision. But If
the only result Is a better conception of the principles of the O. B.
U, movement we nil will be the
gainers and tbo organization more
flrmly rooted In tlie intelligent,
support of tbe membership.
J. H. B.
WANTED
Address of Karl F. McKtnen,' P,
Ryan, N. Dudakoski,(E. Dew, C. B.
Wilson, H. H. Murphy, A. Vesenl-
klr, G. Whltelttw, W. Orr, Tomkin,
N. Koski, F. R. Solloway, Jim Kinney and J, Dlcomo, *AGE FOUR
twelfth tear. no. 27    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, a a
THE B.C. FEDERAT ON S
Published every Friday morning by The B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
FRIDAY... July 8, 1»S0
*. a WELLS...
...Manager
Offlce:   Labor Temple,  405 Dunsmuir  Streot.
Telephone Soymour 5371
Subscribtion Bates: United States and Foroign,
93.00 per year; Canada, 12.50 per year, 11.50
for Bix months; to Unions subscribing in a
body, 16c per member per month.
Unity of Labor: The Eope of the World
FRIDAY...
..July 2,  1920
WHILE at the time of writing, sufficient is not known about the
results of the elections in Manitoba to
state that labor will have a definite number of representatives in the Provincial
legislature, there arc
THE enough indications, how-
WINNIPEG ever, to prove that a re-
ELECTIONS "lnarkable change has taken place in the attitude
of the workers towards thc old political
parties in thc city of Winnipeg and the
province generally. Dixon's vote is, to
Bay the least, remarkable, and possibly
without parallel in the history of the
labor movement. But it must also be remembered that while it was largely a
working diss vote, it was also a personal
achievement, and not an indication of
class solidarity. Dixon faced a jury and
was acquitted. The other labor meu in
Winnipeg who made any showing are in
gaol. If the vote had been on strictly
class lines, then Bob Russell should have
headed the polls. For he has been the
recipient of the strongest dose of ruling
class justice.
* * •
While the vote cannot be considered
as showing that the members of the working class of Winnipeg have realized their
class position, yet it shows that at least
there is a glimmering of class consciousness amongst the workers of that city.
It is also an answer to the Dominion government's action during the Winnipeg
Btrike. It demonstrates that the people,
are not behind any such labor crushing
activities as were indulged in by thc Minister of Labor and the powers that he
represents. It is a clear indication that
the government's actions at that time
have driven home to a large number of
workers in Manitoba the fact that the
present government represents interests
that are not in common with theirs, and
that they have realized that neither Conservatives or Liberals can represent their
interests, and that they must elect men
of their own class to do their bidding.
»        * *
• What effect the elections will have on
the position of Russell, and his_ comrades
Who are in durance vile, it is impossible
to say. But if constitutional means are
what the government of this oountry
wants, then the election of one or any of
the men in prison, should be the signal
for the immediate release, of all of them.
Por they were all charged and sentenced
for the same alleged seditious intent, and
if the people of Winnipeg, in calm moments, when the heat of the strike was
over, could elect one of them as their
representative in the Provincial legislature, it is proof that the people do not
think they were guilty of the so called
crime for which they wore arrested, tried,
and sentenced to terms of imprisonment.
* « »
Constitutional means, however, when
they mean any advantages to the working class do not look good to governments. They are only good for ths purpose of spreading anti labor propaganda,
and, like all other ruling class platitu-
deous mouthings, aro for gallery play
and show. But whether the Dominion
government releases thc men referred to
or not does not matter to the working
class movement. As we have stated before on many occasions, the repressive
and brutal methods of governments towards the workers, are always fruitful
in bringing about a crop of the ideas that
the ruling powers try to suppress. We
have no hesitation in saying, that, as a
result of tho government's activities in
Winnipeg about a year ago, more working class propaganda has bcen circulated
and assimilated than eould ever have
been dreamed of, if the repressive measures had not been adopted. It is true
that our comrades are in prison^ but the
words that they have uttered in the past
are far more potent, and carry farther
today, than they ever could have if they
were still free men. With the lesson
learned in Winnipeg, on the one hand by
the workers, and posssibly on the other
by the government, the people of this
country can await with every degree of
complacency any further repressive measures, for they will, if put into operation, bring the people that much nearer
to an understanding of the function of
governments, which is to govern, and to
that extent the only class that is worth
while will boncfjt. No doubt the Honorable the minister of labor is pleased
with the results of his activities. We arc,
and trust thnt he will be spared to carry
on the education of the working class by
the same methods.
yes very dry. Amongst other things Mr.
Gardiner is quoted as stating:
There has never been so inept, so
ignorant, so all-powerful despotism in
the history of tho continent. It has
made a wreck of Europe, and its activities have effected a fatal breach
between America and Europe. So
long as this secret tyranny prevails
the league of nations will be sandbagged and smothered, for the whole
purpose of the despots is to prevent
any rival authority raising its head to
challenge their power.
Europe is under the heel of the
most dangerous absolutism on record.
That heel must bo kicked away before
Europe can rise.
Now it may be that there are still some
people iii tho world that a statement such
as the above will shock. It may be that
democracy is a real thing to many of those
who gave their loved ones on what they
considered was tho altar of duty, to fight
for the self-determination of small nations and the freeing of the world "from
a militaristic domination, and to these
peoplo it will come as an eye-opener to
know that there was never such despotism as we have today when the power
of thc Hun and thc Imperialistic regime
of Russian czardom are no more,
# * *
A littlo more Supreme Council, however,-will soon dispell all such illusions.
For as a result of the war we have the
real power behind the scenes revealed. It
is now possible to see the ruling elass in
its true light. The' camouflage of nationalism and patriotism has been stripped
from the world's ruling class and the despotic nature of the capitalistic class
stands revealed in all its callous indifference to all but the power to retain its
hold over the working class of the world.
Tho destruction of millions of people will
not stand in the way of the present
world's ruling elass, if it is thought that
'by that method the workers can be kept
in subjection. The sufferings of the millions of people residing in central Europe
arc as nothing to the desire to retain the
system that gives misery and death to the
world's workers, aiuj'untold profits to a
rapacious ruling elass.
* * »
But out of the mouthes of babes and
sucklings shall we learn wisdom. And the
cries of the women and children who have
becomo victims of capitalistic greed, and
which are echoed round the world, will
raise the workers to a determination to
end tho system that makes the horrors
that arc so evident today possible. From
the mouths of men who, while members of
the ruling class pr hangers on, the people
are learning that there is no such thing
as democracy, and never can be so long
as there are two classes in society. The
very panicky condition of those who see
the callousness of the Supreme Counoil,
and fear the results, is in itself sufficient
to demonstrate the fact that instead of
the war haying made the world safo for
democracy it has been the means of wiping out what tittle there was left of freedom, and that despotic measures that
cover the entire earth are now the every
day means of a more despotic group of
men, smaller in number, than the world
has ever before witnessed. The Supreme
Council, however, is no menace to the
world, it only tln-eatens the present ruling class with the destruction of its own
making. And this ean be seen'in Germany and Italy, where political government has already broken down as a result
of the actions of this new despotic power
as epitomized in the Supreme Council, the
members of which have fanned the flames
of revolt against tyranny and starvation,
and the currents that are flowing today
in Europo are so mighty in their portent
that they cannot be checked. As John
Maynard Keynes has said, in his "Economic Consequences of the'Peace," "In
one way only can we influence those hidden currents—by setting in motion those
forces of instruction and imagination
which change opinion." This must be
the work of the members of the working
class that understand those forces. No
others can do it, for they do not understand the nature of the events that are
taking place before them. Politically ignorant, on economic subjects, more than
dense, the Supremo Council, instead of
damming the currents that make for revolution, are but hastening the end of ths
present system.
SOME little time ago wa pointed ont
thst one of the most vital questions
ill the working class movement was the
education of the agricultural population
of the different capitalistic countries. This
week we publish an
TUfR. A. O. GARDINER writing to tKo
JYJL London Daily News, calls for the
dissolution of the Supreme CouncU of the
Allies, on the grounds that it has become
• menace to tho world. After having just
emerged from a war
HO MENACE that was fought for de-
BUT TO mocracy,   his   remarks
ITSELF. are   somewhat   discon
certing, and liable to
stir up unrest, and we would call the attention of the allied nations to Mr. Justice
Metcalfe's words in the Winnipeg trials,
when he intimated that it was not wise
ito say things on some occasions, and to
the fact that the European grass is dry,
THE PARMER article   by  Maxim
AND THE Gorky, on tha cul-
COMING CHANGE ture of the agrarian
population, in comparison with that of the industrial workers. While not altogether seeing eye to
eye with Gorky, we must admit that he
has hit upon'a phase of the situation that
confronts the world's workers that is of
great moment. In short, he has visualized
the fact that the farmer in his different
circumstances, cannot see the situation as
does the industrial worker. Taking the
position that environment produces certain kind of individuals„and that a change
in environment will alter the outlook of
people, it is imperative that the industrial
worker should give somo consideration to
the position that the farmor is in, and the
farmer should attempt to understand the
position of the industrial worl.'rs in the
large centres and by so doing they mil
both realize' that thcir position is identical.
> • * *
It is an easy matter to understand the
farmers' outlook. He considers that he is
in a different position to the city worker.
This is only true suporficially. While tho
city worker is completely estranged from
the tools of production, the farmer has
"his" implements that he buys, and
which he uses from day to day. To him,
these implements constitute the tools for
producing wheat or whatever farm pro
duct ha is engaged in producing. He,
however, does not consider from whence
those tools camo. He has not realized
that commodities such as he "produces"
are not produced when he reaps his
crop, and that he only played a small part-
in their production. He is unable, owing-
to the fact that he is not in close touch
with the industrial world, to sec that the
tools which lie must have in order to
raiso those things which he grows, are
essential, and that under the present system he cannot successfully produce without the vast mechanism of capitalistic
production of which the tools he uses are
but a small part. He has failed to realize
that the plow that he uses is made of iron
or steel, and many other things, and that
the materials of which it is composed have
first to be dug from the bowels of the
earth, or-brought from the forests. That
in many cases they have been brought
from the ends of the. earth, and that^n
order, that they could bo used in the
manufacture of the simple plow, all• the
modern productive forces wcro of necessity put into operation. There arc, as
many kinds of human lahor, under the
present system, necessary to produce a
match as there are to produce,a battleship, thc only difference is in the amount
required. And no commodity is produced
until it is in thc hands of the consumers;
and all the transportation facilities are
necessary to take thc farmers'"product"
to the market, and the retailers, gnd
wholesalers' part has to be played before
farm products are finally "produced."
* * *
Tho different outlook of thc farmer is
due to the fact that he is somewhat separated from the real forces of production.
He cannot see the machinery of capitalistic
production in operation, and as a result
he has an individualistic outlook. This
is no more unnatural than it is for the
worker in tho industrial centres to
realize the manner in which commodities
are produced, and to recognize social production. In fact it would be strange if
the city worker did not seo that he "was
entirely disassociated from thc ownership
of the tools of production, and more
quickly realize his position in the scheme
of things under capitalism;'
But with the present system breaking
down it is essential that the city worker
should understand the farmer's position,
for it is from thc agricultural population
that the city dweller must receive his food
during the transition period.   We hfive
ample evidences of this in Europe today.
We have the experience of Hungary and
Russia to guide us.   In thc former the
peasant "owned" the land, and it wail
that section of the community that  efoi
fcated the industrial  proletariat  when;
through circumstances, the workers-in the
cities were compelled to attempt to brjiig
about   a     change.    In    Russia     wo
have   seen   that   the   peasants,   .who
owned no land, and could only see theij1
need for land, were the salvation of the
revolution, and the situation was i
when the Soviet leaders realized this, and
gave the land to the peasants.   It must,
however, be understood that the failure of
thc agricultural population of Russia to
understand the necessity of co-operation
with the city worker, and the necessity of
producing on a> communal basis has, along
with the anarchists and their ideas, and
their individualistic outlook, been a great
hindrance to Soviet Russia.   This brings
us to the place where it must of necessity
be realized that in a society which is
based on social production, the workers,
whether agricultural or industrial, must
act together, and produce collectively or
perish.  If necessary, the industrial worker must go back to tho land.   His activities must be determined by the need of
the mass of the proletariat, and not by his
individual whim, or the fancy   of   any
group that he may be a part of.   Wc
have heard much  of what is termed
"service" from the present ruling class,
but it is only in a communistic state in
its inception that jnst what service means
can be realized.   The Socialists who have
made a study of   modern   society   will
realize that at the inception of the new
order the means of production at hand
will have to be used to feed the people in
the   transition,   or   formative   period.
Realizing the individualistic outlook  of
the anarchist, we do not wonder at thc
outbursts of this school of thought against
"compulsory" labor.   Like the members
of tho ruling class, they are individualistic
in outlook, and have not realized that
men are social animals, and from necessity, and consequently must act in a social
manner, not only in enjoying the products
of their toil, but in producing the things
that are necessary that the people may
live.   There can be no change brought
about in society, unless tho working ciass
understands the position, and the farmers or agriculturists are members of that
class, and are essential to the bringing
about of a new order of society.  With a
division in the ranks of the workers, and
tho farmers lined up with the' present
ruling class, especially in countries like
the U. S. A. or Hungary, or any otter
country that is largely of an agricultural
nature, the efforts of the industrial workers must of necessity be impeded, and the
days of transition   a  time  of  terrible
suffering.   It must also be realized thit
because of his environment the industrial
worker will more quickly realize his position as a slave, and wish to act, but he
must, if he would'see his efforts crowned
with success, realize that the farmer's aid
is essential before the new order can be
established.
Revolutions and Revolutions
Franc* hu been having her annual spring convulsion. In the
spring of 1917 the textile strike
and tlie great mutinies at the front,
crushed by wholesale Imprisonments; in the spring of 1918, the
metal workers' strike, crushed by
shipping eighty strike leaders to
the front line trenches; in the
spring of 1919, the metal workers,'
miners,' and transport strikes, and
tho outbreak at Toulouse when the
red flag flew over the prefecture;
in 1920, the February, railway
strike, and the railway, mine, dock,
seamen's, metal workers,' and
builders' strike of May, Each year
the convulsion shakes deeper. All
theso movements have "failed," aa
the steel, and the mine, and the
railway strikes in this country have
"failed," leaving their trail of bitterness and slackened production
behind them.
Revolution Economic
Whenever strikes in France
reach one of their recurrent crises,
wo read of "revolutionary movements" and of "revolutionary agitators" and the papers are full of
the question: ls a revolution possible in France? The trouble with
such discussion is that it is based
upon an outgrown conception of
what constitutes a revolution.
Revolution used to be a fairly simple matter: the people poured into
the streets and built barricades,
the troops revolted, the old political crowd wu imprisoned, a new
cabinet inaugurated—and the revolution was done. It was a question
of installing new men. This attained, the barricades were leveled,
and the people returned to their
play and their misery. If one has
such a revolution in mind, lt Ib easy
to calculate that French peasants
are conservative, that they will oppose and overthrow a labor governmont, and to announce that revolution in France is impossible. But
the revolution which is stirring in
Europe today is less political than
economic* It is a harder kind of
revolution for men consciously to
effect, but its coming seems as inevitable as anything can be ln
changing Europe today. The doubtful question ls as to Us methods
and its manners.
Chango Is Doep
For while we have been meditating upon tho possibility of revolution, the revolution has been
coming to Europe—not eruptlvely,
like the ephemeral soviet republics
of the spring of 1919, but gradually and lneradlcably. It ls a truism
to say that Europe cannot return to
ante-bellum conditions, but the
change is deeper than we know.
The workers of the continent of
Europe have assumed a degree of
power which wouid seem to most
of us out and out Bolshevism. The
unanimous passage of a 44-hour
week law by the upper house of the
Dutch Parliament indicated not a
change of hoart hut a recognition
of a condition. The readiness-
nay, insistence—of the other par-
tie* that the moderate Socialists
take the leading positions ln the
Czechoslovak and German cabinets Is evidence of realization that
a new power ls in the hands of
class-Conscious workingmen and
that one must bow to It In form at
least. The German factory councils law—which was bitterly at-
tacked-in Germany as too conservative—brings ■ workingmen into
tlie sessions of the business councils of these Arms, The Italian
government, conscious of impending change, makes concession after
concession, and probably only
such far-reaching concessions have
saved Italy from more serious
troubles. Thore is a party of violence In every European country;
repression plays ii^to its hands and
concession disarms it. The unyielding policy of tha French government has tragically added to
France's difficulties; the Italian
government has helped Italy to
survive trials equally severe. By
virtue of the so-called Visocchl Decree, .the Italian government has,
whero strikes and riots brought
matters to a head, expropriated
Idle factories and ill-cultivated
large estatest and transferred them
to the workers' hands. It has accepted change when change became
Inevitable, and cased the transition
when opposition would only have
embittered. Observers used to report periodically to the American
Peace Commission ln Paris that
Italy was on tho verge of revolution. The revolution they predicted never came; but the real revolution ls under way.
Battered France
It Is curious that the two great
Latin countries should face their
crisis in such divergent fashion,
A relentless fate seme to be pursuing battered France. - After the
Grman invasion and the devastation, she suffers from an uncom'
promising bourgeoisie which acts
as if determined to ride France to
destruction, Plans for special transformation devised by her moderate
labor leaders have been flrst tossed
aside by the bourgeoisie whioh
dominates tho government, and
then rejocted by the rank and flle
of labor. The government drove
a sharp bargain with the moderate leaders of the railwavmen in
February and then refused to keep
its promises; the railwaymen r«
plied by ousting the old and in
stalling revolutionary union officials, who promptly called another
railway strike. France had four
revolutions in a century, and t*«
cards seem shuffled for more violence. From each of Its annual
crushings the revolutionary French
tabor movement has risen more
powerful and more violent. Perhaps it is fated to have its day,
possibly like the Commune. But
whether because of, or In spite of,
or apart from, the avowed revolutionaries, the revolution is. under
way.—The Nation.
Convention Favors Amal-
gamation  of  Entire
Clothing Industry
Berlin.—Only through the making of material concessions to the
radical elements from Berlin was
a split avoided at the ten-day convention of the German Tailors'
Union ln Nuremberg.
The delegates were nearly all of
one mind regarding the necessity
of uniting all the workers in the
clothing industry, from textile
workers to the last persons handling the finished products, but It
was reported that negotiations with
the Fur Workers' union and ttae
Hat Makers' Union toward this end
had been held up through the difficulty of settling some technical details, A committee of fourteen was
named to try to adjust matters and
effect an amalgamation of the
unions In question.
The Tailors' Union.now numbers
150,000 members, of whom only
about 25,000 are being paid according to the national wage scale for
which the union is striving. Severs,! speakers laid stress on the
evils of home work and sub-contracting.
Thousands Sold
To Westerners
Through our own direct factory branch stores all over
the West, thousands ot th.
.famous
MASON * RISCH
pianos have been sold—thoy
are the  best  advertisements
we hav.
Ask    about
home" prices.
"factory    to
MASON &R1SCH, Ltd.
73* GRANVILLE ST.
VANCOUVER, a C.
"The Home of (lie VtctroW
Lahore, India.—The Lahore rail*
way strike, caused by wrongful dls.
missal of eeven mon, Is growing
more desperate. So far fifteen
thousand men are out. The English authorities are still refusing to
open negotiations.
Buy at a union store.
PANTAGES
A mxi nn
ODITA
And Her Pacific So* Lions
Other Big Features
EMPRESS
theae ttyvtnt MM
NEXT WEEK
"SCANDAL"
Ne Children Under Sixteen
Admitted
Poland ia asking the Allien to atop the
war between that country and Bussia.
The Poles evidently started something
that they cannot finish. However, as
tho Allies were backing Poland, it is evidently up to them to get her out of thc
They may refloat tho Lusitania, but
they would sooner reestablish the syatem
that waa ao badly shattered by the war,
. Look for tbe Biff Red Arrow Sign .
J. N. HARVEY, LIMITED
MAY HAVE TO MOVE THEIR BIG CLOTHING STOCK THE END OP THIS YEAR
Woodwards Limited have bought this store and cannot give a definite answer about an extension of
lease uptll they get their new building plans and
decide on a future policy.
In the meantime we are going to clear the decks
for action tf necessary,
SALE STARTS SATURDAY MORNING
SEE THB PAPERS FRIDAY FOR LIST OF PRICES
Welch Onr Window*
J. N. Harvey
Limited
123-125-127 Hastings St
West
Alao SU41I Yates St, Victoria
Clubb & Stewart
LIMITED
Carry the latest to be had
in the famous 20th Century Brand Suits and
Overcoats. Separate trousers. •
Boys' clothes
dad's.
same as
Clubb & Stewart, Limited
309-315 HASTINOS STBEET WEST
DENTAL PLATES
Excellent quality, perfect fitting,     correct     articulation,
pleasing  appearance,   skilled
attention, features of dentistry at the offices of
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Vtmiml Nun* tn Attealaaee.
Open nvemjnjca, TilO \o Silt.
Granville Street
Corner Robaoa Street
Over 0*»1 Drag Hon
Fboa* Sermonr SSSS
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value.
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform'
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
For Salt
BOLL TOP DESK, OH-
DEBWOOD TYPEWBIT-
EB AND DESK
And Other Oboe Fittings
—APPLT—
(06 DTOSMUIB ST.
Vanconver, B. O.
EAT AT THE
ORPHEUM
CAFE
■      •
Opposite the Orpheum
Thoatre
BEST Or EVERYTHING
ORPHEUM
theatreITI
THE HOME OF OOOD
VAUDEVILLE
Matinee 180
Evenings 8.20
Facilitating Service
Tko yema wko likat promptnoas
la telephono eerrlea will apprecttta
roar effort if who yon aniwer tke
Mcpkone roi ,|„ tk, nuna „f i_,
firm. If roa u. anewering lull1
partment, gin tie name et the if
partment. Tha peraon will not ken
to auk wko ii speaking, if tkit la Oen..
Beaidea facilitating aarrlea, It la a
courtoar tkat It M eau appreciated.
BBITISH COLOMBIA TELBPEOBI
OOMFAK7.
Phone Sey. 881     D«jr or NifM
Nunn, Thomson ft Clegf
FUNERAL MEECI0M
SSI Homer at Tanconw, B. 0.
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1U0 Otorflt Itmt
Sunday aervioea, 11 o.m. ud 7.10 pJL
Bandar achool immediately following
morning aerrloe. Wodneador teatlmonld
raeatlng, 8 p.m. Fnt raadinf teem,
001(108   Blrta   Bldg.
COWAN A BROOKHOUSE
nnmu,   publishiu,   sia-
BEOTTfBBS AID BOOKBIMBBBI
Onion Oflcltli, writ* for prleaa.   We
girt SATISFACTION
DO TOP WAUT TO BjWOT ___
Follow tto Crowd to tke
Patricia Cabaret
Ono block oaat of Empreaa Tkaatie
—AHD HEAB—
HISS ULLH BOSS, ASA
Statu, B. IOVE and tkt BU
Intarpr.t tkt Utart tang km. assists* ky Tko Bronao Jail Stag
411 HAtTWOS STBEET B.
Mule; I p.m. to 1
Ha( if Pkone Seymour UN tot
appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
■alte 101 Dominion BnlUlai
VANOOUVBB, B, 01
H. M. Nugent & Co.
SAILS
TenU anl Awnings, Carpenters' Aprons and Overalle, Peats
and extra clothing, longshoremen's Hooka, eto. Estimates
given en all canvas work,
48  WATEB  STBEET
Vancouver, B. 0.
Phone Sey. 46*1
MUTAROIIL!
odbffSKSR
iflflM
COFFEE
•—PACKED BY—
THE W. H. MALKIN 00.
Limited
VANCOUVEB, B. O.
Save Coupons for Premium*
Philadelphia—160,000 have beet
pledged by the Amalgamated Cloth,
ing Workers here to a half million'
dollar campaign fund for. a Label
institute, which Socialist and Labol
groups of this city are building.
site for the institute la the heart Ol
tv« -Hy has already been purchased. FRIDAY.
July J,  1920
twelfth yeab. no. it    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   vancoovm, b. ft
PAGEKVI
la In what you get for
your money, not In <
how little or how much
you spend and "Tom
the Tailor" Is aow-a-days only another name
for the extreme of value ln Men's clothing.
Today you have a chance ef proving these
values because I am selling suite genuinely
Tom-tailored, made from British wpolens, in-
tended for sale at I7S.00, while the supply lasts
at the incredibly low price ot
TON 1 MI
$
45
112 Hastings
Street West
Opposite Woodwards.
TOION SHOP
Rich Man--Poor Man
Behold i
A Los Angeles Judge
Has disvoered
That all this radical talk
About poor men having no chance
Io NONSENSE!
" Why, all our LAWS," he says,
"Are MADE
Por the POOR MANI
The rich man haa to pay
,An INCOME tax,
But the poor man only has
Tho little taxes
On everything he eats!*
If the rich man makes a PBOFIf
By excess profits tax,
They tako it away from him
But these things never bother
The poor man!
If a rich man
Gets SICK
His hospital bill
Runs all the way from (25
To 11,000 a week:
While the poor man can go
To the COUNTY hospital
When the rioh man
Paid for by ALL the peoplel
Geta OLD
He has nobody
To CARE for him;
By Anise,
Staff Writer, The Federated Press *
But If a poor man gets old
He can go
To the COUNTY FARM!
Why, EVERYTHING we have
Is made for the poor men!"
When I heard these words
Of th* wise Judge
I felt quite cheered
To realize
How ALL our institutions;
Our county hospitals,
Our poor farms
And even our JAILS
(Which  he  didn't  mention)
Are made to house
The POOR,
But' I thought: There Is still
Another advantage
That he forgot to name:—
In all our modern
UNREST
The rich man Is afraid
Of going BANKRUPT;
While the poor man is only
Afraid of STARVING!
And lf unrest gets worse
And turns to revolution,
The rich man has'the fear
Of losing his money.
While ths poor man
Haa nothing to lose
| But his CHAINS!
THE ORIGIN OF THE RED FLAG
\
rllE Red Flad wu not always
the symbol ot Revolutionary
Socialism. It wai first intro-
4uced In Paria through the Riot
Law of October 21, 1791. A national guard waa formed for the
purpose of suppressing any disturbances or rioting that might
occur. That guard had to display
at such times a red flag, as a signal that the authorities warned the
rebels to cease rioting, otherwise
blood will be shed. Only once was
the red flag used In such a sense
.—on the field of Mara In Paris.
When the "Sans-Culottes" (who
wero the revolutionists of that
period)   bfecame    more    powerful.
then naturally the riot law with
tha red flag waa abolished.
But tha significance of the red
flag haa entirely changed through
a little incident ln 1832. General
Lamark, one of the opponents of
the kingdom, died, and the Republicans, who had then a great desire to fight, wished to make at
lils funeral a great demonstration
agalnat monarchy. That was on
June IS, 1832. The spirit of re*
volt was ripe at that tlme(|and a
great number of people followed
the funeral procession. Suddenly
a Republican horseman carrying
in'his right hand a red flag, which
waa the spark that lit the flames
of passion of the mass of the people. Immediately a struggle began ln the streets, and for the first
time the red flag was seen on the
barricades In the hands ot the
rebels. From that time the red
flag becamo the signal of protest
against tyranny.
But the red flag had not yet become the symbol of revolt against
tho capitalist class. At the rising
if the silk weavers lh Lyons In 1881
and 1534 they carried a black flag,
as a sign of the hunger and need
from which they so keenly suffered. Only ln that great insurrection In France In 1848, whioh ls
known by the name of "the February Revolution," in which the
Socialists played a great part—
then only did the red flag become
the world.
The red flag means war and no
peace with the' present Injustice
and state of thingsl The red flag
is stained with tlie blood of the
workers! The red flag is the symbol of activity, life, and progress.
The different colored flags of every
national 'tyrannical government
are a parade of the powers that
oppress, or for ridiculous national
pride. The single color of the red
flag means solidarity, the brotherhood of the Human Race who de-
"sire to usher in Socialism, wherein
Peace on Earth and Goodwill to
All may be possible.
Therefore, salute the Red Fl-*.
—Glasgow "Socialist/*
REPRESENTATIVE
Australian    Government
Withholds Official Letters From Rus Consul
(By the Federated Press).
Sydney, N.S.W.—The Australian
government continues to harass
the Australian representative of
the Russian Soviet government
(Mr. Peter Simonoff), and to plaoe
every obstacle In his way.
The Australian Government has
consistently refused to hand over
to Simonoff his credentials, papers
and documents conneoted with the
consular ofllce, on th* grounds
that he Is not recognized ln an
official  capacity.
While letters addressed to "Mr.
Peter Simonoff" are delivered to
him, any letters addressed to him
as representative of the Soviet
governritent, are withheld, Honeys
sent to him have failed to reach
him. The consequence hai been
that he has had to live on the
goodwill of friends.
Meantime Australian business
people are calling at the bureau
of the Soviet Government in Sydney, seeking information about
Russia, the possibility of trade being resumed, and expressing the
desire to enter into trade relations
as soon as everything ts cleared
up. Several substantial orders for
Russian products have already
been placed with Simonoff awaiting 'execution.
Simonoff has started to Issue a
monthly journal entitled "Soviet
Russia" on the lines of the publication Issued by the Bureau ln
New Tork, He ts refusing all invitations to lecture or take part
in propaganda in Australia, and Is
confining himself purely to irattora
connected with hts offlce.
COLLEGES TURN
DEMAND
THIS      fH    LABEL
ON YOUR" BREAD
IT IS THB ONLY GUARANTEE THAT THE
BREAD IS MABE UNDER FAIR
CONDITIONS
FOR RENT
Large Hall for Meetings
SUCH  AS  UNION  MEETINGS
For terms apply J. R. CAMPBELL, 804 Fender St. W.
Phone Seymonr 291 ''
Ready Learn and
Inwardly Digest
HOW READ* IN PAMPHLET FORM -V
Judge Mc tcalfe'* Charge to tlie 3arfy In the Heme*, Mel, M
compared wltb CAVE ln Bex va, BURNS, ENGLAND, IM*.
Russell Trial and Labor's Rights
OPINION
By W. R. TRUEMAN, K. C.
Examination and atatement of Law, and Review of Justice Met*
•calfe's Charge to the Jury, ln'Trlal of R. B. Russell, at Winnipeg, December, 1919.
Prices for the above pamphlets are as under:—
Bundle orders; $5.00 per 100 copies, Mo per dozen copies;
single copies 10c each.   Freight and postage extra.
Two in One
GALT in THE KING vs. P. J. DIXON, M.L.A.
—ALSO—
ADDRESS TO THE JURY BY P. J. DIXON,
M.L.A.
Acknowledged te bt tne most eloquent and hlatori* address ere?
'delivered tn the courts of Manitoba.
-    Bundle orders, $18 per 100 copies, $5.00 per IS copies; slnflt
copleu. 25c each.   All charges prepaid.
To ensure a copy of the above pamphlets, place yoar orders
early with James Law4 Socretary of the   Defense   Committee, *
Room 4, 220 Bannatyne Avenue.
Single cqples eaa be obtained ta Vancouver at the Fedora*
tlontst Offlce. .    .
Ostracized Professors Aid
the Revolutionary
Movement
Chicago.—Despite the banishing
of the Kearlngs, Dana*, Levines
and Belches from our collegiate Institutions, ao that the minds of
American students may not be
"polluted" with radical teachings,
the colleges are still turning out
400,900 "Reds" a year, according
to Oeorge Wheeler Hinman, of
Winnetlia, 111., former publisher of
tho Inter-Ocean and still more recently presidont of Marietta college
In Ohio.
It appears that the ostracizing of
profesuors, Instead of antagonising
the minds of the young against
their theories, has only encouraged
a desire to taate of the forbidden
fruits. Said Hinman in an address
here recently:
" It is not necessary to go to Bill
Haywood and Eugene Debs for revolutionary doctrines," he said.
"Look for the college professors.
The most effective arguments for
revolutionary Socialism to-day are
being written by the professors in
some of our largest universities.
Socialism is no longer a doctrine
of the Russians and the Germans.
Europe is no longer lta cradle.
" It Is being openly and deliberately taught to our young men
and women. I have travelled extensively recently, and It ls a sad
thing to soo such conditions exist
in America and to hear such
preachments permitted within our
borders,
" I tell you frankly, that things
have come to such a pass that I
would rather have my son sit at
the feet,of Debs than send htm
to some of the Eastern theological
seminaries. There, where men are
being taught to mould our thought
and guide our morals, tho harm ts
greatest. Tho country is sleeping
and so If Congress."
CHEAPER TO KILL 'EM!
Tho Workmen'* Compensation
Board Accident Prevention Regulation No. 10, covering logging operations, says: "Before camp buildings aro erected, tho treea around
the camp alto shall be felled beforo
tho camp ia built, to a sufflclent
distance therefrom to prevent treea
from falling on. oamp buildings
when felled or blown down."
Two weeks ago, when the men
employed at the Fallfa Lumber Co.'s
camp at Duncans, B. C, were ln
bed, a snag fell across the bunkhouse, injuring one man, so that he
died Immediately after, and slightly injuring two othera. Had the
laws been enforced, this man might
have been alive now. At.any rate,
he would not have bcen killed the
time or way he was. The penalty
upon those responsible ls $75, the
cost of the funeral. Had the man
been Injured only, to the extent of
permanent total disablement, lt
might have cost them $7500. But
It'a cheaper to kill, than to Injure.
The Provincial government, during
last session, was asked to amend
the act by fixing a high flnanclal
penalty for 'the "death of a workman, Irrespective of whether he
was married or single. Of coune
they did not do lt They aro not
paid to protect tho workers' Uvea,
but the employers flnanclal Interests, which they do without any
urging.
INFORMATION WANTED
Wtll the holder of receipt No.
150, Maintenance Fund, please notify th» secretary of tha Defense
Committee as to Che amount for
which the receipt was made out
Aids in Sending Munition
to Poland to be Used t
Against Bussia    ' r
(The Federated Press).
Prague, May 21—(By mail),—'7
A sensation has been caused hert
by a caustic criticism of the pro-
Polish activities of General Pello,
chief of the general staff of the
Czecho-Slovak army, published in
Pravo Lldu, the leading Czech Socialist paper. _t
General Pello, who ll a French
officer appointed by President
Masaryk last, June, ls charged with
being nothing but a tool of tha
Entente tii its campaign agalnat
Soviet Russia, as lt Is with hli
special.aid that trains of munitions aro crossing Czecho-Slovaktt
every day for Poland, to be used
In the war against tho Bolsheviki.
Many patriotic Czechs declare that
If General Pelle really cared "for
the Interests of Czecho-Slovak la
he would see the danger of helping supply the Poles with munitions which, in the present state
of tension between the two nations over the Teschen district,
might easily be used against this
country's troops In the near future. It oltes the transportation
of a carload of poisonous acid to
Warsaw, under the pretext of medical purposes, but in reality to be
made up Into gas bombs,, as the
general's last feat.
Pravo tydu demands quick Investigation by the Ministry of
Foreign Affairs, of General Pelle's
status in Czecho-Slovakia, so that
the people may know with what
they wlU have to deal In tho
future.
RUSSIA'S LABOR LAWS
The public press in the past has
devoted unlimited space to damn-
Ing the Bolsheviks for deplorable
conditions, which were said to exist
In Russia. Recently, however,
there has been an easing off of thii
claaa of news and we are now getting reports of Improvements ln
the conduct of the affairs of the
country and particularly In the sta-
Ufa of the workera who, Judging by
the manner ln which they have rallied to tho defense of tho Soviets,
must be more satisfied with the results of that form of government
than they were with that of Czars'
ragime, or what they anticipate
would result from the overthrow
of the workers' republic by tho
Allied and anti-Bolshevik armies
who have recently been defeated
on all front* by the Russian workers.   -
There haa recently been published the Soviet Code of Labor Laws,
which would tako, up too much
space to give ln full, but extracts
will enablo the workers of this
country to get some idea of what
lt means to members of their class
to work on the Job under what has
been termed "the proletarian dictatorship,"
All citizens able to work have
the right of employment at their
vocations and for' remuneration
fixed for such class of work. The
Labor department may by agreement with tho respective unions',
assign Individual wage earners, or
groups of them, to wortf at other
trades lf there Is no demand for
labor at the vocations of the persons ln question. An unemployed
worker has no right to refuse to
work at his vocation provided that
the working conditions conform to
the standard fixed by tho unionB.
Whenever workera aro required
for work outside their district, volunteers ahall be called for, from
those who are unemployed, If sufflclent do not volunteer then tho department may allot tho required
number from those remaining,>,tak-
tng flrst tho single persons. An
unemployed peraon who Is offered
work outside hla vocation, shall bo
obliged to accept It on the under
standing, if he ao wishes, that thb
be only temporary until he receive
work at his vocation.
All citizens between the ages of
16 and 50, who are physically able,
shall be subject to compulsory labor. Women for a period of eight
weeks before and eight weeks after
confinement are exempt. Males
between the age of 16 and IS, and
all females shall have no right to
work during night time or in those
branches of industry which are especially hard or dangerous.
The work day for these workors
shall be 6 houra. For all others, I
hours. Night shifts shalt bo T
hours only. The recess must take
placo not later than 4 hours aftor
beginning work, and must continue
for not le* than a half-hour, and
not more than two hours.
Wages shall bo paid during Illness. Every worker who has worked not less than six months, without interruption, shall be entitled to
two weeks vacation, with pay. 6r
tt working twelvo months without
Interruption shall be entitled to
one month holiday.
Tho protection of Ufe, health and
labor of the workers fs entrusted to
Inspectors who are elected by labor.
All wage earners must be allowed
a weekly uninterrupted rest of not
less than 42 hours.
Broken Hill, Australia—In a life
and death struggle to Improve conditions, which resulted ln an Infantile death rate of more than ono in
every ten children born, minora of
Broken Hill, Australia, aro entering upon the thirteenth month of a
strike against their employers.
List of O.B.U. Units and Names
and Addresses of Secretaries
General Headquarters: 308 North West Bulldlnf, Vancouver, B. C
V. R. aUDOLET, General Secretary
JUNE, M20—DESTROY OLD LISTS.
Notify General Seeretary of Any Errors or Omissions.
thunder B>y District Oanttal Labor Ooen-tHotel aat Beitaunat Employees, Hon.
I MACHINERY
Architect Suggests Collective Ownership for Social Advancement
New Tork.—A significant al-
mission that the machine process,
tf taken out of the control of pre*
datory force*, could bi made to
further rather than retard the creative Impulse, is made by Fred*,
rick L. Ackerman, ln th* Architectural Forum, under suoh condl
tlons, he declared, the world would
be made a pleasant place for
everybody, Instead of the few.
Ackerman belongs to the big
buslnesi group headed by Charles
L. Schwab and Elbert B. Gary.
He wa* Chief of Design for th*
Housing Bureaa of the American
Fleet Corporation, and stands
high ln tho architectural profession, th* firm ot Trowbridge and
Ackerman, of this city, being noted
for it* accomplishment* ln the
field ef domestic architecture.
' Mr. Ackerman'* admission li In
direct contrast to th* oft-repeated
assertion that th* poverty of th*
masses I* due to th* fact that machinery has taken th* plac* df
manual work. Saya Mr. Acker»
man:
" I believe thoroughly that, If
th* machine process could be lift,
ed out of the control of .predatory
forces, or if we could bring our
social and economic Institution*
and Industrial processes Into an
harmonlou* working, w* could
create out of the machine process
a material environment which
would be Buperlor, from th* social
standpoint, to anything thus far
created by th* architect* and
builder* of th* paat
"It might be that as art thus
evolved would b* rather more
rigid. It might be that It wonld
not conform to our criterion* of
taate which have grown out of
our handicraft Industry. If lt did
not then satisfy u», w* could debate the question of what to do
with th* machine. For the preaent, the problem appeara to be
that of discovering how to mak*
man the master of th* machine."
What about rone wing your sub I
dl—E. E. Sykeo, 744, Huknau nm.
Foil Willlem. Oal.
Winnipeg central Labor OooacU—f.
Woodward, Koblin Hotel, Adelaide Bt.
Winnipeg,   Msn.
Edmonton Control Laber Oouuil—Cerl A.
Be,,,   103113—lOUt stmt,  Edmonton,
AIM.
Oalgery control Labor ConneU—B. Band,
337—Ult Ate. Weet, Celgery, Alta.
Princo Super* Central Laber OooacU —
■J. H. Burrongk, Box BBS, Frlae* Bop*
ert, B. 0.
Vancouvtr Tradu aad Labor OooaoU—
! K.   J.   Campbell,   Pender   Hall,    BB4
' Pender St. West, Vancouver,  B.O,
PU.   Drivers   and   Woodea   Bridf*men,
Vanconver,   B.C.—T.  Hewett,   Pendor
Hill, 804 Ponder 81. Weit, Vuconnr,
.1 B.O.
Oaa Worker,, Vaneoaver—John MeCol-
lorn, 6537  Sherbrook flt, Bout* Van-
_ couver, B. O.
Finnish Organisation, Vancouver, B. 0.—
H. Roos, 8686 Turner Bt, Vancouver,
B. 0.
General Worksrs' Unit. Vancouver. B. 0.
—K. J. Campbell, fonder Ball, S04
Pender Bt. West, Vancouver, B.O.
Laundry and Factory Workora, Vancou-
ver, B.O.—B. J. Campbell Pender
Hall, BIM P.nder Bt. Weat Vancouvor,
B.O.
Merino Firemen aal OUers' VtO. Vancouver B.O.—O. Owen., BU Cordova
Bt  Wut   Vancouver,  B.O.
O. B. TJ. Woman's Auxiliary. Vancouver,
B. O. —Mra. W. A. Alexander, 1810
Semlln drive, Vanoouver, B. O.
General Workers Kamloops, B. O.—J. L,
Peterson, P. O. Box   813,   Kamloopa,
B. C.
General Workors, Frlnee George, B. 0.—
3. H. Bishop, Drawer BO, Prince
Oeorge.   B.  O.
General Workers, Princeton, B. 0.—J.
Unfrocks,   Princeton,   B.  C.
Oeneral Workera, Blow Westminster, B. O.
C. A.  Whittaker,   734—2nd  Bt,  Now
Westminster,  B. O.
Hedley   Workors'   Unit—T.  B.  WlUey,
Hedlejr, B.  C.
General Workere' Unit, Victoria, B. O.—
15. Waterson,  1434 Oovernment Btreet,
Vietoria, B. O.
Port Monn BaUway Workers' Unit, V. W.
W. A. Duark, 314 Bt. Patrlok St, Hew
Westminster, B. C.
Oil Behueiy Workers' Unit, loce. B. O.—
E. J. .Miller, loco, B. C.
Fishermen's Unit, Sointula, B. 0.—G. B,
Muilhitfl,   Sointula,  B. C.
Fishermoa'a Unit, Load, B. 0. — Elnar
Anderson, Lund, B. 0.
Metal  Minus    Bossland,  B.   0.—George
Dingwall,   P.   0.   Box   138,   Rossland
B. 0. I
Motal Minus, Vancouver. B. 0. — E.
Winch, fli Cordova strut wut Van*
couver, B. C. •
Metal Miners, Nolson, B, 0.—B. Barrow,
P. 0. Box 1*7, Nelson, B. 0.
Btlll and Smeltermen'o Ualt, Trsil, B. 0.
—P. 0. Campbell, Draw.r 3«, Trail, B.
0.
Meul Minora, SUvuton, B. 0. — T. B.
Roberts, P. 0. Box B6, Silverton, B. 0.
Meta] Miners, Sandon, B. 0.—T. B. Roberts, Drawer K., Sandon, B. C.
Hetsl Miners. Hedley. 1, 0.—T. H. la-
Andrews,   N.   P.   Mine,  Hedley,  B.  0.
Metal Minns, Kimberley, B. 0.—R. E.
llurke, Kimberley, B. 0.
Motal Miners. Moyle, B. C—Tlm Farrell.
Moyle. II. 0.
Coal Minus' Ualt, Veaaia* I. 0.—Andrew Dean, Nanalmo, B. 0.
Deal'Miners' Unit Cumberland, B, 0.—
Wm.   Begley,   Box 627,   Cumberland,
B. C.
Coal Minus' Diatrict Bear*—E. Browne,
Taber, Alberta.
Ooal  Minora'   Ualt.  F.rnle   B.   O.—k.
Sawyer, Drawer 829, Feral., B. 0.
Coal  Minors'   Halt,  BUchtf.   S.  0.—H.
Beard, Natal B. 0.
Ooal Minora' Ualt, Bellms, Alia.—John
Brooks. Bellevue, Alta
Cod Miners' Unit, Bevsrley, Alt*—Albert
Tyldceley,  Beverley, Alta.
Ooal Minors'  Unit. Atrial. Alta.—I. 0.
Radory,   Aerie),   Alta.
Ooal Mlnen* Unit,    Oommtru,    Alta.—
Mr. Bowloy, Commerce, Alt*.
Ooai Mintra' Ualt Oolemaa Altt.—H. P.
Hansen, F. 0. Box 204, Coleman, Alte.
Ooal Mintra'  Unit, Ooalhurat Alta. —
Percy Bptnotr,   Box   81B,   Otalhust,
Alta. . ,
Otal Mixers' Unit, Canmore, Alt*.— Harry KIseme, Box 263, Canmore, Alta.   '
Coal Mintra' Unit, Blairmore, Alt*.—Rod
McDonald, Bex 175. Blairmore, Alta.
Oui Miners' Unit, Bruit, Alta. — Wm.
Moldowan, Btx (1, Bruit, Alta.
Doal Minors' Ualt. Edmonton. Alta. —
Carl E. Berg, 10883— lOlel street, Ed'
monton, Alt*.
Ooal Minors' Ualt Drumheller Alt*. —
Arthur  Evano.  Nae  Mint,  Drumheller,
Alta.
Ooal Minors' Van, Borden, Alta.—George
Pamwortk,   Braaeau   Mlnu,   Nordegg.
Alta.
Coal Minors'  Ualt. Lethbrldge, Attaches Peacock, .1203—13th St. North,
•   Lethbridge,   Alta.
Begal   Mint   Unit    Tabor.   Altt.—Wm.
Mechnck, Regal Minea, Taber, Alta.
Coal Miners' Unit, Taber, Alta. — Alex
1   Patterson, Taber, Alta.
Ooai Miners' Unit. Hlllcrest. All*.—Dot-
all A. Grant, nlllerett, Altt.
Transportation Ualt,  Edmonton, Alta.—
J. Lakemaa, BBSS—76th Avt. Edmonton, Alte.
General Wtrktrt. Edmonton, ABa.
Building Tradu, Edmonton, AHe.—Oeo.
I,  Ritchie, 1078B—B8lb St., Edmonton,
Alta.
Bricklayers' Union, Edmonton, ABa.—G.
Makepeace,  11404  St    Albort    Bead,
Edmonton, Alta.
Transportation   Ualt,    Oalgary,   Alts.—
Geo. Moss, 7417—22nd SI., Ogden, Calgary, Alt*.
BtUceUaaioet   Unit.   Oalgary,   ilia.—W.
Smith, 1J7A—SU Avo. Wut Calgary,
Alta.
Transportation    Unit,    Hanna,    Alta—
A. Lets, Hanna P. 0., Hanna, Alta.
BadvUla Unit,  Buk.—E.  Graham,  Bed-
vlUo, Suk.
General Workere. Reglna, Bask. — Leo
Rolf,  2175  Broiler  St,  Reglna,   Buk.
Transportatloa Unit,  Sukatoon, Suk.—
C. MorreU.   631  Avonuo "K" Benin,
Saskatoon, Bask.
Jew, Suk.—Jot. Koselek, 00 LiUoeot
Bt W., Moose Jaw, Buk.
General   Workers,   Moose   yaw—0.   E.
Wllka ,   U32  Welle   Avenue,   MeeU
Jaw, Buk.
Transportation  Ualt,  Moose   Jaw.
Wm. McAllister, 1108—4th Ave. K. E,
Hoom Jaw,  Sask.
Transportation Ualt, gentieo*. Sask—0.
Hannan, Kamsaek, Suk.
Miscellaneous Ualt, Brandon. Man—H.
Pearco, 746—8th St.,  Brandon,  Maa.
Dauphin Ualt, Manitoba — Mr. Warner,
Dauphin, Man,
Transportation Unit, Transcona, Ka*. —
D. B. Duncan, Transcona, Man.
Bakers and Confectionery, Winnipeg, afea.
•—J. Ponner, 6*1 Ltntsido street Winnipeg Man.
Barbers' Unit, Winnipeg, Man. — tt. A.
Malnhurat, 48 Kato stroet, Winnipeg,
Man.
Fort Bongo Unit—J. Bala, 100 Melvoy
Ava,  Winnipeg, Man.
Canadian Pacinc Bailway Unit, Wlnnipog,
Man.—H.  R.   Laue,   154B    Alexander
avenue, Winnipeg, Man.
Metal Trades' Unit, Winnipeg, lit*. —
Wm. Pool 720 Homo atroet, Winnipeg,
Man.
Eloctrical Workert' Unit, Winnipeg. Ms*.
—A. O'DonntU, BB Landadown. Ave*
Winnipeg, Man.
Glen Workers' Unit, Winnipeg. Man. —
MUs Oreer,   154   Burroughs   evoaaa,
Winnipeg, Man.
lady Garment Worktrt, Winnipeg, Msn.
—M. Brown, 434 SteUa avonuo, Winnipeg, Man.
Miscellaneous Unit, Winnipeg, Man. —
Mies R. Lamb,   USB   FeciAo   avaaao,
Winnipeg, Man.
Paintors' Unit. Winnipeg. Man. — S.
Welsh, 248 Kennedy atreet, Winnipeg,
Men.
Shut Metal Workers'   Unit,   Winnipeg,
Man.—W. Stone, 1B4   Quelch   atnet
Winnipeg, Man.
Steam and Operating Bagiattra, Winnipeg,  Man.—A.  Cooper,   Allman  Block,
Main Street, Winnipeg, Man.
Tumstora, Winnipeg, Maa.—D. MeLeaa,
860 Cathedral avenue, Winnipeg, Man. ■
TeUu'a Unit, Winning, Man. — J. D.
Maduro, 587 Johnston avenne, Winnipeg, Man.
Oreat Unit, Ontario — B. W. BrowntM
Grent, Ont.
Oeneral Workere' Ualt,   Oarleton   Fleet,
Ont—A. M. Bennett General Delivery,
Oarleton, Place.
Textile  Workers'   Unit, Oarletea Flaw,
Ont.—Earl McCaffery, general delivery,
Carlton Place, Ont. '
Transportation Unit, Otekrant, Ont. — F.
H. Clarke, Box 111, Cochran., Ont.
Metal   Minors'   Unit,   Cobalt,   Ont—L.
Bound, Drawer 921, Cobalt, Ont.
Bunk Workers' Unit. Fort William, Oat
—E.   E.   Sykeo.   744  Harkness  atnet,
Fort William, Ont
Bakers'  Unit. Folt William, Oat. — F.
Adams,  231  Amelia streot east  Port
William. Ont.
Oeneral Workora' Ualt, Fort William, Oat
—J. Dixon, 202 Cununinga atroot Fort
William, Ont.
Ooal Handlers' Unit. Port William. Ont—
I. J. Tlbonl, 621 Mcintosh street Fort
WllUeni, Ont.
Steam Operating Enginitrs, Fort William.
Oat — G. w. Onnby, 253 Bmnawiok
avenne. Fort William, 0*t.
Metel Minora' Unit, Oowganda, Oat—H.
Hanraer, Oowganda, Ont.
General Workora' Unit, Hamilton, Oat—
H. Roberto, 304 Queen Street Nortk.
Luggage   Workon',   Kitchener,   Oat —
Adam   Schippllug,   BS   Edward  etrut
Kitchener. Out.
Osnsnl Worktn, Ptmbrtke, Ont—Fnd
H. J. Wnermkt, Pembroke, Ont.
lumbor Workon, ratt Arthur—M. Heak*
erly,   74   Cumberland    Btrtet     Sooth,
Port Arthur, Ont
Shipbuilders' Unit Pert Arthur. Oat —
iu. Duncan, 288 Cameron etreet Port
Arthur, Ont.
BaUroad Worktn' Unit, Fort Arthur. Ont.
—W. Stephenson,   617   Bndit  etreet,
Fort  William,  Onl.
Pert Arthur General Wnrkers* Oat—W.
U. Cheekier, 48 Farnnd atroot Put
Arthur, Onl.
Oorpeateri' Ualt, Fart Arthur, Out—W,
E. Crude.,  71B   Brodie   etreet   *>*
William, Ont.
Olvle Bsayloyeu, Fort Artbar, Out—Harry Walt 22B College etreet Pert Arthur, Ont.
Telophoao Operaton, Port Arthur, Oal—
Mist Violet Perry, BIB Bed River Road,
Port Arthur, Ont.
Sioux Lookout Unit, Ontario — George
Hemlyn, Box 176, Sioux Lookout, Oat
Oeneral Worken' Unit, Toronto, Ont.—
S. Wearer. 1085 Qaeon Stroot Wut
Toronto, Ont.
Oeneral Worken' Unit, Windsor, Oaa, —
A. Hopkins, 848 Windsor Avenne,
Windsor, Ont.
General Workers' Unit. Montreal, Que.—
W. Long, 325—Srd avenue, Unison*
neuve, Montreal, Qoebec.
Oeneral Workera. Oakland. Cat, V. I. A.
Geo. Baker, 812 Broadway.
Goneral Workon, Seattle. Wuk., U.SA.
J. A. Stuart, 2227—7tk Avo, SeatUo.
Wub., D. 8. A.
Oenenl Worken, Toledo. Ohio, U.SA.—
Frod Bruce, 122—loth St, Toledo, 0.
Independent Carmen's Union. Lu Angeles, Cal.—Lee Hull 846 W. Vernon
Ave., Los Angeles, Cal.
Metal Minen' Unit. Butte. Moat, V. B. A.
—Fred 0. CloOgh, 101 Soul* Idaho
atrut Butte, Mont, U. 8. A.
Metel Mlnen' Unit. Lh Angeles, Oal.,
U.  S. A—Oo. W. Onydon.  601 California Bldg, Lh Aagolu, Cnl.
Metal Workon' Unit, Melhart. Meat, U.
8. A.—James Ctmte,  Neihart  Mont,
U. B. A.
laUway Ualt. Onat Fans. Mont, U.IA.
—O.  E. McOlanathan,  406—6th  Ava
Eut Oreat Falls, Mont, U. S. A.
EaUroad Unit He. 1, Bnrnelde Dlv, outage. IU, U. S. A—W. J. Kane. 7881
Sooth Loomla St, Chicago, III, D.8.A.
BaUway Shopmen's Unit. Chicago, HI,
U.SA.—1.   J.   Jones,   644B    Normal
Blv,  Chicago,  111, U.  B.  A.
Transportation   Unit    Milwaukee.   Wis,
U. B. A.—Irving Amerlnger, 8018 Oa-
'-. Street Milwaukee. Wis, U. 8. A
PARIS
THE
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Loggers
SPECIAL
BOOTS
HADE TO
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MAKER
is your best guide to good Logger Boots.
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P. PARIS
51--Hastings West-r-51
Soviet* Well-equipped for Hf ht
Moscow—Th* Moscow Soviet ln
lt* session recently decided ts
carry out the battle against th*
Polish magnates np to a final victory. Worker** nnd peasant** battalion* hav* left for th* front At
another recent session ef th* Polish
Communist* of Russia, It wu unanimously decided Immediately to
leave for Ute Polish front aa sol-
dlcns of th* Soviet army,
Hnvo Toa Rcfieteret?
Th* voters' list* ar* new being
compiled. If you hav* not registered you should do *o, th* list ls a
new on* and th* old list will not
be recognized. Tou should register
at one*.
Wh*r* I* your unloa button?
SAT OENESAL STBKI
WAB POLITICAL
Bailroad Leaden to M «
Iblg Ima
Pari*.—Aa attempt ka* baa
mad* by th* French OoT*mm*at
to prove that th* genernl strike
wa* entirely political ln character.
In this connection a letter k
quoted aald to b* addraawf tay
Pierre Monatte, editor of th* Socialist paper, La Vie Ourrlero, I*
Trotsky, in whieh tho former urged
that In furtheraao* of tho FriMk
revolutionary movement rwett
must be made to political etrlke*.
Be sure to notify the post oOee
a* coon as yoa Chang* yonr addreaa.
A Ten Spot Before
Yon Start the Holiday
Tou'U never mlae It—aad you oaa am
the balance later.
In the meantime you'll be dreasod aa
you want to be oa your holiday—aad
how much batter you'll enjoy yonraaV,
OREDIT FOB MBIT AHD WOW
oa garment* right up to date la auto
quality materials.
Credit term* la low aa M a we*k-
you wear while you par.
Wrect Importer* of
Foreign Wooleaia
Wo Oarry a MB
Uaa of Baaaockkara
and Hanla TmedB
LANGTRY & CO.
TAILORS
WB MAKE GOOD SUITS
AT  THB   RIGHT   PRIOB
318 Hastings West
Vanconver, B. C
AT LAST!
THB TRUTH—TUB WHOLB TRUTH—AND NOTHING  BOI
TUB TRUTH
History of the'Winnipeg General Strike
May and Jon., Ill*
(Bring th* trn* fact* and all tk* detail*. A book that ahould
be In *T*ry ham*. Over 10* page* ot th* mpst interesting read'
tng *ver published. Sand your orders to Jam** Law, Secretary
Salens* Commltte*, Room 4, ill Bannatyne Avenue.
DO IT NOW
Procrastination doe* not pay, there Is danger la delay, the beat
tlm* I* today.   DO IT NOW.
Prlc**:   Bundl* orders, $40 ptr 101 copies, |n psr ii eoplea,
tii per IS copies, single copies loo each.   AU charges prepaid.
"The Searchlight"
A Labor Paper published in Calgary, Alberta,
supporting tbo 0. B. U. and all progressiva
Labor policies.
SIX MONTHS FOR A DOLLAR
Send along yonr subscription to "Th* Searchlight,*
P. 0. Box 1601^ Oalgary, AlbtrU PAGE SIX
twelfth year, no. »    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    tancouveb, b. c.
ONE OP THE FINEST TONICS
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
CASCADE BEER
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
,—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED
PREDICTS FALL
OF IMPEI
FRIDAY July 2,  1||.
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
-SUBSCRIBE TO—
The One Big Union
Bulletin
Published by the Winnipeg Central Labor Council
Bead the News from the Prairie Metropolis
Subscription price $2.00 per year; $1.00 for six months
Address all communications with respect to subs and ndvts., to
HARRY WILLCOCKS, Business Manager, Roblln Hotel, Adelaide Street, Winnipeg, Man. Communications to Editor should
be addressed to J. HOUSTON, same address.
Per Treaty Years we beve limed tbls Onion Stamp for use under our
VOLUNTARY  ARBITRATION CONTRACT
OUR STAMP INSURES:
F«ceful OollictlTt Barg*ining
Forbldi Both Striksg tnd Lockouts
Disputes Settled by Arbitration
Study Employment ud Skilled Worknunshlp
Prompt Bcliwiei to Daalen ud Public
Peace ud Saccwa te Workers ud Employen
Prosperity of Shoo Making Communities
Ai loyal union men and women, we aak
yon to demud ehois bearing tbe above
Union Stamp on Sole, Insole or lining,
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
246 SUMMER STREET, BOSTON, MASS.
(Mill Lovely, Oeneral preildent.   -Charm L. Balne, Oeneral Sec.-Treas.
UNIOJ^TAMPl
jicteiy
Vancouver Unions
TANCOUVER TBADES AND LABOR
COUNCIL—President, T.  R.  Midgley;
viee-president, J. Marshall;  iecretary, J.
B.  Campbell;   treasurer,   J.   Shaw;   ser-
feantat-anns, E. King; trustees. W. A.
rltchard, J. & Morson, J. M. (.lark, A.
J. Wilson. MeeU 1st and Srd Wednesdays each month at Fender Hall, Pender
Street Weit	
ALLIED   PRINTINO   TRADES   COUN-
el)—Moeta    seeond    Honday    In    the
month.    President, 3. F. McConnell: ste-
tetary, R. H. Neelande, P. 0. Boi 66.
9RIDQE STRUCTURAL ORNAMENTAL
and Reinforced Ironworkers, Local 97
*-UceU eecond and fourth Mondays.
President Jas. Bastings; financial secretary and treasurer, Roy llasserar, Room
818 Labor Temple.	
ENGINEERS EMPLOYED IN THh
Lumber Industry (camp and mill)
meet with fellow workors in that indiis
try. Organise into the Lumber Workers
Industrial Union of tho O. B. U. Headquarters, 61 Cordova Bt. W., Vancouvor.
Phone Sey. 7B56. 	
Provincial Unions
VICTORIA, a. 0.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES
ud Labor Council—Meets flrat and
third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 pjn. President, E. 8. Woodward; vice-president,
A. 0. Pike; seoretary-treasurer, Christian
Siverts, P. 0. Box 803, Victoria, B. 0.
PBINCB RtTPEBT, B. 0."
PRINCK RUPERT CENTRAL LABOR
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Meets every Tuesday in tho Mclntyre HaU at 8 p.m. Meetings open to all 0. B. U. members. Secretary-treasurer, J. H. Burrough, Box 838,
Prince Rupert,  B.  C.
OENERAL WORKERS' UNIT, 0. B. U.—
Meets every 2nd and 4th Wednesdays
In the month. Pres., A. J. Wilson. See.'
treas., J. R. Campbell, Pender Hall, Pen'
der Street West. Hours, 0 a,m. to fl
p.m.   Phone Bey. 291.	
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION Mo. 228—
Meet* laet Sunday of each montb at
I P-m. President, A. E. Robb; vice-
president, 0. H. Collier; secretary-trees-
■rer,  R. H. Neelands,  Box  68.
HOTEL AND RESTAURANT EM-
ployees, Local 28—Meets every second
Wednesday In the month at 2:30 p.m.
and every fonrth Wednesday in the month
nt 8:80 p.m. President, John Cummlngs,
aeeretnry and bnsiness agent, A. Oraham.
OOee ud meeting hall, 614 Pender St.
W. Phone Sey. 1881. Ofllce hoars, 8
un. to 6 p.m.
LUMBER AND CAMP WORKERS'
dustrial Unit of the One Big Union—
An industrial union of all workers in logging tnd construction camps. Coast District and Oeneral Headquarters, 61. Cordova St. W., Vancouver, B. C. Phone Sey.
7868. E. Winch, general secretary-
treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Maedonald k Co., Vancouver, B. C.; auditors, Measrs. Buttar k Chiene, Vancouver, B. 0.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S
Association, Local 88-52—Office and
hall, 152 Cordova St. W. Meets first
ud third Fridays, 8 p.ra. Secretary-
treasurer, Thomas Nixon; business agent,
Peter Sinclair.
MARINE FIREMEN k OILERS UNIT of
the 0. B. U. meet in their union hall
at 814 Cordova St. W., every Firm and
Third Wednesday In the month. President V. Owens; vice-president, D. Carlin;
aeereiary, Earl King.  Phone Sey. 8098.
MILLWORKERS EMPLOYED IN THE
Lumber Industry, organise into tho L,
W. I. U. of the 0. B. U. Millworkers, branches meet as follows;
Vucouver—Lumber Workora' headquarters, fli Cordova St. W. Every Monday
8 pjn.
Vow Westminster—Labor Hall, eor. Royal
Ave. ud 7th St. 2nd and 4th Wednesdays at 8 p.m.
Fraser Mills—Old Moving Picturo Theatre, Haillardvllle. 2nd and 4tb Thursday, 8 p.m.
Fart Moody—Orange Hal), 2nd Friday,
•very month,  at 8 p.m.
MINE, MILL AND SMELTER WORK-
ere' Unit of the One Big Union, Metalliferous Miners—Vancouver, B. C, head-
quarters, 61 Cordova Stroet West. All
workers engaged In this industry are
■rged to join tbe Union before going on
the Job. Don't wait to bo organised, bat
organiie  younelf.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF
North America {Vancouver and vicinity)—Branch meets second and fourth
Mondays, Room 204 Labor Temple. Presi-
, dint, Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave. North
Vucouver; financial secretary, E. God-
dard, 8G6 Richards Street; recording secretary.  J.   1).  Russell,    928   Commercial
Drive.    Phone High. 2204R.	
PULP, PAPER AND SULPHITE WORK-
ers—You need tho Camp WorkerH of
your Industry. They need you. Organise
together In the 0. B. U. lndutsrial Unit
•f your occupation. Delegates on every
Job, or write the District Headquarters,
fli Cordova St. W„ Vancouver. Entrance
fee, 11.00; monthly dues, $1.00.
SHIPYARD LABORERS; HJUOKKS AND
Fastener* I.L.A., Local Union 38A,
Beries 6—Meets tbe 2nd and 4th Fridays
•f the month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m.
Preaident, William Maylor; financial aeeretary and business agent, M. Phelps;
corresponding aeeretary, W. Lee. Offloe,
Boom 207 Labor Temple.
REFUSED FREEDOM
SO GET TEN YEARS
Four I. W. IV. Sentenced for Being
Members of tlie Organization in United States
(By the Federated Press)
Yakima, Wash.—When four
prisoners In the county jail here
sawed their way through the bars,
and left In the night, they awakened Ave I. W. W. prisoners, recently convicted of criminal syndicalism, and offered them a chance to
escape.
But the "Wobblies" rejected the
opportunity, declaring that they
were In jail for a principle and not
for the commission of any crime.
They ore: William Ferguson, Mark
Skoma, Chester Gibson, Pat Boyd,
and James Collins. All were convicted, not for any specific act of
violence directed at the government, but simply for holding memberships in the I. W. W.
Their expression of good faith
did not lessen the severity of sentences for them, however. When
they appeared finnlly before Judge
George Holden, he gave them considerable advice, and sent Ferguson, Boyd and Gibson to prison for
from two to ten years, while Collins and .Skoma for terms of from
one to ten years.
Prih. hunl't. Address to the Jury.
Copies of Prltcliardt. whirr** to
the jury ran now be secured at the
Federatlonist Office. Tho words
of PritelHird, when addressing the
jury at Winnipeg will go down In
history as a part of the struggle In
human society for liberty. Erery
worker ihould have a copy, (let
yours Itcfore the rush starts. Price
25 cento.
Dr. DeVan's French Pills
A reliable Regulating Pill for Women, ID
a box. Sold at all Drug Stores, or mailed
to any address on receipt of price, Tho
Scobell Drug Co., St Catherines, Ontario.
PHOSPHONOLfofMEN
Restores Vim and Vitality; for Nerve and
Brain; Incrrasca "gray matter;" a Tonic
—will build you np. f3 a box, or two tor
$5, nt drim Moron, or by mail on receipt
of price. The Scobell Drug Co., St. Catharines, Ontario.
C. HOLDEN CIGAR STAND
16 Hastings St. 10.
0. B. V. OARD
Patronize Those Wbo Patronise You I
'  J  —
BTREET AND ELECT KIC RAILWAY
Employeea, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meete A. 0. 9. Hall, Mount Pleasant
1st and Srd Mondays at 10.16 a.m. and i
p.m. Pnaldent, R. Bigby; recording
aeeretary, P. E. Grlffln, 447—Oth Avenue
Beat; tmiurer, F. aideway; fln .nelil
aeeretary and business agent, W. H. Cot*
troll, 4808 Dumfries Btreet; office corner
Prior and Main Sta.  Phone Pair. 8804 R.
INTERNATIONAL JEWELRY WORK
ora' Union—Meets 2nd and 4th Fridays, I0S Labor Temple. President, W.
Wilson, 2330 Oranvllle Street; secretary,,
I. T, Kelly, 1860 Eastings St. E.; re-
•erding-secretary, L. Holdsworth, 63»—
UU M. W„ Kortb Vaaaonver.
Big Ben
CHOCOLATE SHOP
847 DAVIF ST.
Ballard's Furniture Store
1024    MAIN    STREET
Phona Seymoar 2137
We will exchange yonr eecond hand
fnrnitur© for new.   A eqsare deal ar
yonr money baek.
****—*—* ^^^^iw     i t.      tt/
Defeat of Poles WiU be
Followed by Strategic
Disaster
(By Nate L. Welch, Staff Correspondent of The Federated Press).
Detroit, Mich.—That European
imperialism is facing a speedy
doom ls the forecast of Lieutenant
Colonel B. Bostum Bek, military
expert of Soviet Russia In the
United States, now In this city to
assist in medical relief work.
" Poland, Germany, France and
England are next in line for the
dissolution of the imperialistic
order and the establishment of
soviet rule," said Colonel Bek,
who has studied the mutter from
nn economic as well as military
point of view.
Reviewing recent press despatches with regard to activities
of the Polish military forces, he
ventured the prophesy, based upon
the thorough study of the military
map, that "the recent defeat of
the Poles will be followed by a
real stragetlc disaster the consequences of which will be a revolution ln Poland, and only the establishment of a soviet in Warsaw
can stop the Russian advance."
Pointing to the strategic positions held by the Soviet troops on
all fronts, he continued:
Russia Doesn't Care
"Russia does not care much for
recognition by the government of
other countries. She Is so strong
and so sure to-day that It doesn't
matter whether she Is recognized
by  other governments  or  not."
That England is now paying the
penalty for the blockade which
the Lloyd George government undertook against Soviet Russia, was
laid down with emphasis by Col.
Bek, when asked how far the
blockade was effective ln fulfilling
the purpose for which it was Instituted. "The stupid blockade,
which was the creation of England, harmed England more than
lt did Russia, and Russians know
that. The negotiations. now re
ported going on between repre
sentatives of the British Government and spokesmen for Soviet
Russia, mean that England capitulates and now tries to obtain the
best that she can."
Colonel Bek was then asked to
render a brief Statement covering
the latest developments regarding
the 'military situation in Russia
and its' effect upon the ofiter
world. He dictated the following:
"According to news from Moscow, naturally altered by the censor in favor of the Poles, as for
instance in thc messages dated
June 15th, which stated that the
Poles, on being forced to evacuate
Kiev, have drowned ln the Dnieper
river 800 "Reds" and had taken
100,000 prisoners, the cavalry under General Buduny In Vollnia
and Podolla has succeeded tn capturing Zshieomir, Korostichev
and eeveral places between the
Zshitomir and Beditchev railway
and west of Kiev.
"Furthermore, on the river Te-
terev the railway station Bdro-
dlanko has also bcen captured,
and at Wasilkov on the Kiev-
Mohilev-Podolla railway, several
stations southwest of Kiev are in
possession of Reds; and in Wasilkov, 25 miles southeast of Kiev,
the Poles have been defeated and
have fled in disorder to the north'
west.
Communication on Cut
" This means that all of the
three strategic railroads which
form the means of communication
of Kiev with the roar of the Poles
has been cut off by the Russians,
and it is probable the Poles have
not succeeded In escaping as was
reported from Warsaw.
In the center or along the
Pripit river in the Mosslr region,
the Russians are holding the
Poles, avoiding any decisive movement. This is readily comprehensible for the.Russians are accomplishing a strategic encircling
movement.
"There ls not much news about
the Northern' front, but from a
study of the despatches, one can
see the. Russians energetically
pushing the enemy toward Minsk
and Volina. It Is very likely that
both places have passed into the
hands of the Russians.
•• Looking at the map one realizes tbot the Poles do not shorten
thc front as suggested by European military experts, but are fleeing in disorder, without ever
thinking of any other front, which
they cannot create with their demoralized  imperialist forces.
"This defeat of the Poles will
be followed.by a real strategic
disaster, the consequences of
which will bo a revolution in Poland; and only the establishment
of a Soviet in Warsaw can stop
the Russian advance,
"Once established, the Gorman
workers will not lose an opportunity to overthrow the Ebert coall
tion government and join Russia
and Poland In a Soviet govern
ment.
France Next
" France will be next, and those
who have been witnessing the happenings in France will agree with
me.
" It can now be readliy realized
why England la hurrying to establish friendly relations with Russia.
First, because she is hard pressed
in Asia on account of the rapid
rise of the Influence of Moscow
upon the Mussulman! second, because she believes that by recognizing the Soviet she can escape
the fate of France.
" But In any case the whole endeavor of Lloyd George and his
political colleagues will not prevent thc establishment of a purely
labor government in England.
"It does not matter much whether Russia Is recognized or not.
Russia Is so strong, so sure, sho
doesn't think or care about recognition. That time Is past, and nobody will deny that the negotiations In London between the
BrltlBh Cabinet ami the Bolsheviki
representatives means that England capitulates and now tries to
obtain the  best  that the can.
"The Russian people fought for
Independence, got it and will continue  to  flght  for  It,  knowing It
If you see an employee reading foreign literature, always call his
attention to the superior made at home brand.
fEDEMnOMST
INI
Competition
Editor B. C. Federationist: According to a recent judgment, handed down by the Canadian Board
of Commerce In the case of the
Hamilton grocers, a trade boycott
Is a perfectly legal and Just method
of controlling competition.
Nor does the Combines and Fair
Prices Act forbid mere agreement
ot combination on any matter unless In the opinion of the Board of
Commerce suoh agreement or combination is likely to operate to the
detriment of the public, and whether it does so ls a matter of fact
which must be proved and established as such in the particular
case.
In other words, manufacturers
may dictate a selling polloy to the
wholesalers by combining and refusing to sell to one wh6: falls to
maintain the particular price level
which they may have agreed upon.
Wholesalers and traders In general
may also combine to force a manufacturer to-maintain a particular
price level, by refusing to trade
with him unless he does so.
At one time competition and unrestricted competition at that, was
held to be the life of trade. Today competition must be controlled
or business cannot survive. At the
same time business men are unal^
terably opposed to monopoly, litor'\
if that ia unchecked, the small trading class will be squeezed out ai^oi.
gether, and the last bulwark bej-l
tween the capitalist and the w6rki-
er will be gone. '■•"*'' i!
Should   Labor   too   successfully
combine to force concessions ffdm
its masters by means of a trifdj
boycott, refusing td deal with
****** an
9?K Br
particular employer who may"fcdj percTmagroTthemTo^noT wan""^
be   conducting   his   bnsiness  itf an
manner to suit it, then'no doubt.'Its1
efforts in this direction will be flei
_?- cond.uctln.1! ..hlf. bl»8ineffl ASLftUule themselves, ond a number of
the leaders of the Imperial parlla-
clared illegal, and Its leaders fer-"j
rested. In fact, our ruling clasi is1
daily being forced nearer and nearer to that point where It iriAsjt1
frankly acknowledge that In order
to maintain Its position there must
be one law for the master and another for'the slave. This condition
once realized, hy the working class,
will Inevitably stir it to revolutionary actioij.
CHAS.   SAUNDERS.
will be victorious In the end."
When through with this paper,
pus lt oik
Things In General
Editor B. C. Federationist: I
have recently become a reader of
your weekly paper, published In
thc interests of the workers, and
while one may not be able to agree
with all the immediate objects you
have in view, though open to conviction, it must be conceded that
you publish the only impartial paper In the Province. I am not a
laborlte, though laboring nevertheless, and have a deep interest In
the social and Industrial problems
thd* confront the world today. Unfortunately, it is impossible to get
at the truth concerning conditions
and therefore a difficult matter to
form a reliable'Judgment. For this
reason, it is very creditable that
you do your best to disseminate unprejudiced news affecting the world
at large, politically.
After the last great war started,
truth died an unnatural death. It
may have been expedient from a
military sense, but it ts no less a
fact. At the same time, personal
liberty also suffered a reverse, and
quickly degenerated Into a rout.
One had to howl with tho. wolves,
or be shot full of shafts quavering
with Insane hatred and prejudice.
This also may have been expedient
from a military standpoint. But
alas whero are the evidences of a
return to sanity and mental balance. The press today Btlll sees
red, not Bolshevist red, of course,
but the red of the bull flght. It
pretends that It has relapsed Into
a peaceful frame of mind, follow
Ing  the  gentle  coo   of  the peace
ference, hoping that anything
might happen to let them get from
under. And nothing has conveniently happened yet, as they wanted
tt, and they all realize that the
sands are running low, and wonder
what will happen next
It Is not difficult to foretell what
will happen next. There wtll.be no
peace in the world until the proletariat—meaning the workers—will
rise against the politicians, and insist that the spirit of fraternity be
restored to the world. That this
servile press which colors and Inflames .public opinion at the dictation of the powers tliat be shall
make it their business to undo the
evll.lt has created by publishing
the truth, and healing- the breach
torn ln the cosmic carcase. If this
Is not done, civilization will ultimately go down to despair and dissolution. The forces at wbrk today make for anarchy. This is a
terrible thing, but the workers
cannot be blamed for lt. This
comes from the undoing of human
society by war, .pestilence, famine
and hatred. Of course, the politicians will tell us that everything is
all right, especially as the newspapers are censored, and it ls believed that the truth can be suppressed.. Any man, however, with
a little reflection, will see that the
reverse is the ease. Nowhere In
the world Is there any more rest
or contentment, no peace or harmony. Can this be cured by the
vain babblings of a number of politicians? It is difficult to Imagine
it, __-
Any day now, we may hear of
another war in our own dear little
British Isles.   The Irishmen are to
suppressed,   because a  certain
ment refuse to give them independence. But these same leaders
have Insisted on the Poles having
their Independence, although they
formed respectively an Integral
portion of the late Russian, German and Austrian Empires, who
had at least as good a right to
possess them as England has to
possess Ireland. I make the prediction tbat if this war Is made
upon Ireland, It will be the final
blow to the whole Empire, and will
result in a speedier snapping of
the Imperial chains than would
have ever appeared possible. It is
a wonderful picture of national
spirit sacrificed on the altar of Imperial ambition,
"FREEDOM."
IRATE MERCHANTS
STRIKE A SNAG
dove, but this is intended as a Joke.
In truth, there is no peace on earth,
less peace In prospect than at any
time in the history of man, and no
inclination to mako peace except
by force of arms, such as they are
attempting ln Ireland. !   ,
There is no sense of logic in
the political iphere. Politicians1
say anything, and never expect to
be checked up. It is purely a matter of nerve and brazen self-interest. The famous peace conference
at Parts has been exposed as the
worst example of international
blindness or madness on the pflrt
of the Allies, that history records.
They went to the table like' a
bunch of famished man-eaters, atid
forgot completely the grand Ideals
that they had previously set up 'asi
their objective to creato and stimulate tho war spirit. This might
not have been so disastrous had1 It'|
not Involved the well-being 'of the
civilized world. But Ihey had
raised tho war fever with its national hate, and no peace representative had the moral courage to tell
the people tlio truth. They could
not say, "Fellow citizens, we have
used up the accumulated surplus
of your labors for many years; we
have plunged every country Into
debt thot mounts to the skies; we
have killed millions of the flower
of manhood in Europe; we regret
to tell you that our late enemies
are even more bankrupt than ourselves, so wc fear there will be nothing for It but to pay our debts
ourselves." No, they eould never
have faced their fellow citizens
with such a tale ai this, so they
camouflaged the whole business,
and staged a very impressive con-
Longshoremen   Itcfurt  to Handle
Goods Transported By
Strikebreakers
New York—(N. Y. Bureau.—
Irate merchants whose business
has been slowed down by the
strike of the transportation work-
bumped up against a snag In their
ers In the New York district, have
efforts to run a private strikebreaking motor truck service.
Steamship companies whose ships
arc manned by members of the
International Longshore mens1 Association, have refused to, accept
goods for shipment brought to
them by strike-breaking trucks,
fur fear of a general port strike.
The merchants, through the
legal committeo of the Citizens'
transportation committee, the organization which has raised
$5,000,000 to kill unionism among
transport workers, are attempting
to obtain an injunction against
these steamship companies. They
claim that the duty of the companies Is to serve the public without discrimination, and that this
duty cannot be evaded, whether
their employees, rebel or not.
Activities of the unions will be
thwarted if the injunction Is car
rled out, union leaders declare. In
the meantime they have redoubled
their activities in picketing nonunion trucks. Fifty trucks on various river fronts of the city were
stopped by a "flying squadron" of
25 motor cars sent out by the
unlona
The action of ex-service men ln
strike breaking for ths Merchants'
Association has been unanimously
condemned by the New York Post
No. 1, of the World War veterans.
Men Treat International
Agreemnt as a Huge
Joke
Drumheller—That the new wage
scale will stabilize the coal-mining
Industry of Alberta and South Eastern British Columbia is the opinion of the Calgary Herald which
would appear to have become the
"official organ1? of the United Mine
Workers of America. The Herald
states that peace will reign ov**
this much-troubled district for the
next two years. The same journal
would have us believe that there ls
nothing more than a tea party going on over, in Ireland and that the
Turks are living In harmony with
the Allies.
The miners think so much of the
new agreement drawn up between
the defunct International and the
coal mine owners that they ignored the ballot box when voting day
came around. In a sub-district
where nearly a thousand miners
were at work, not a solitary, vote
was cast against or for the agreement, simply -because the men
treated the whole thing as a huge
Joke. Voting either one way or the
other would have been a tacit acknowledgement of the International
so Just a little over 80 per cent of
the miners refrained from voting.
A few surface men and others not
conversant with the Industry, polled their votes, but as far as a representative election was concerned
the whole affair was a washout.
The International claim a victory
simply because more votes were
cost for the acceptance of the
agreement than against It. They
omit mentioning the number of
votes cast in a district of over eight
thousand miners. International,organizers throughout the district
know very well that as far as District 18 ts concerned their organization exists only in nam?. The government insists that the International shall stay in the district for the
purpose of combatting the real labor organization and when such a
paper as the Calgary Herald states
that the U. M. W. of A., has suo
ceeded In securing peace In this
district for the next two years, it
is either deliberately kidding itself
or is grossly misinformed. There
will be no peace ln this coal field
until the miners are ln the organisation upon which they have set
their hearts, and that is the O. B.
U. They might be forced into submission for a time but their day
Is coming and coining very soon.
They are only gathering their
strength and forces for the pur-:
pose of dealing the final blow to
the Wall-Street-control led organization called the U. M. W. of A.
The Calgary Herald would do
well (seeing that it advertizes Itself as the dominant news-medium
of the west) to get the truth about
the coal mining situation, tn this
district, instead of printing ridiculous rubbish anent the new agreement, and circulating It as labor
news. Its labor information is defiled as ItB source, simply because
it has not a labor man on its staff,
and gets its "news" from men who
aye absolutely ignorant of the true
state of affairs in the labor world.
There is not a man on the Herald's
staff who is conversant with the labor situation as it exists in Canada
today, or who can talk intelligently
on the cause of the world unrest. It
is unable to get the truth as It exists even in Calgary and when it
presumes to speak on the new
agreement between the U, M. W. of
A. and the coal operators the least
It could do In the interest of the
public whom it pretends to serve,
would be to speak to the coal miners representatives who had absolutely nothing at all to do with the
drawing up of the new wage scale.
Watch'for the "peace" in this district.
Men's Outing Trousers at
Sale Prices
These pants represent tbe best values .we have seen this
season.
We have a complete line of Palm Beach Trousers; every pair et
which is carefully and scientifically constructed, insuring perfect lit,
and ..absolute comfort.   Price, pair  -99*16
Cream Serge wtth black stripe; makes another splendid outing pant
Very durable material, cut roomy and comfortablo and finished with
five pockets, belt loops and cuffed bottom.  Price, per pair .........,$6,t5
White Duck Pants, stylishly cut and strongly made to stand hard
usage; two side, two hip and watch pocket, belt loops and cuffs. Price,
per pair .$3,00
PANAMA HATS.
In our display there are Toyo Panamas, styles in the fedora shape
with that exact degree of smartness demanded by men who wear this
cool and comfortable type of headwear.
The prices are „ $2.50, $3.50 and $4.00
Our genuine Imported South American Panamas are all their name
implies. They are splendid shapes and cleverly proportioned, and with
much style and comfort developed in the different types $7.00
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND IMPORTERS
Diy Ooods, Oents' Furniihingi
VICTORIA, B. 0.
MANUFACTURERS OP "BIO HORN" BRAND
SHIRTS. OVERALLS, Eto.
Factory organized under "United Garment Workers of America"
N. 7. FACES BIO
HOTEL WORKERS' STRIKE
War to be Made on the Tipping
System—General Strike
Forecast.
New York.—War on the tipping
system haa been declared by the
International Federation of Hotel
Workers, with  headquarters here.
A general strike that will tie up
the hotel, restaurant and catering
Industry of the city Is forecast by
union officials. The executive committee has already vested the officials with power to call the general strike If that step becomes
necessary.
This Is the flret time In the
history of the industry of the
Hotel Workers' Federation that al!
the workers ln tbe entire Industry
will go out ln a mass, union officials say. Chambermaids and
waitresses, as well as the waiters,
are expected to respond to the
strike order.
What about renewing yonr sub. T
INDUSTRIAL UNIONISM
IN HOLLAND
Metal    Workers'    Union    Sounds
Note of Defiance to
Employers.
(By The Federated Press).
Amsterdam.—With the adoption
of a resolution in favor of industrial unionism and the sounding
of a note of defiance to the belligerent employers united in the
Dutch Metal Industrialists League,
the general convention of the
Dutch Metal Workers' Union came
to an end here. The declaration
for industrial unionism provides
that al) -persons employed In Industries where the working of
metal ls the principal occupation,
may belong to the Metel Workers'
Union, while on the other hand
metal workers employed in factories where metal working is not
the main occupation, must join
whatever union Is recognized as
covering these plants. In case of
disputes as tb which union ls entitled to control the factories, adjustments are to be made through
a conference of the unions concerned- and the executive committee of the Ketherland Trade Union
League.
^E WANT your trade
and in order to get
it we are offering the best
values to be had.
Men's Broncho Gloves, pr. ..05c
lien's Gauntlets, at pair ..fl.00
lien's Working Sox, woo! ..60c
Men's Fine Sox, 3 pair ....$1.00.
Men's Nightshirts .2,50
Men's Pyjamas $3.50
Men's Fine Shirts  $1,35
Men's Black Shirts $1,50
Men's Khaki Shirts .....$1,75
Men's Blue Zephyr Shirts $1,50
Engineers' Shirts 11.50
Men's Stanfield's Underwear,
per garment .-. $Mf
Men's Boots, pair $5.0$
Men's Oxfords, first grade $«.$5
Men's Work Boots, pair  $4.00
Men's Dr. Reld's Cushion Seta*
.11 lasts.
Moulders' Boots, heavy soles.
Men's Logging Boots .$$.$•
W. B. BRUMMITT
18-20 Oordova St. W.
444 Maia 81
UNEMPLOYED CREATES
CRISIS IN LONDON
Experienced    Dockers   are   Being
Displaced by Younger
.   Men.
London.—A serious situation is
fast developing in London's Dockland. Thousands of experienced
dockers, with many years of service behind them, are on the-verge
of starvation, and thousands more
are ln danger of being relegated
to the scrap-heap unless some
drastic step is taken Immediately
to put them on a different footing,
The situation appears to have
arisen as a sequel to the Dockers'
Award. Lured by the bigger pay,
a vast army of the youthful and
unskilled has swept on to the
docks from the land, workshops
and factories.
As decasuallzation, strictly
speaking, has not yet come Into
operation, the older men—strong,
oapable men, ranging in age from
40 to (0, are being ousted, ln hundreds of cases, as they, allege, by
big strong boys under It years of
age.
Unusual Sale of
BOYS' SUITS
We bare received definite Instructions from tlie Tip Top Tailor*
Hood Offlce to clear out tills Boys' Stock absolutely rrgardkna
ol OMt In order to nuke room for tlieir goods exclusively,
WE   ARE   GOING   TO   CLEAR
IT OCT ONCE AND FOR ALL
These Suits are being sold at price.
actually below today's wholesale price
WE   ARE   DISCONTINUING   BOW
CLOTHING   ENTIRELY
Mothers! Only About
700 SUITS
IN ALL
So we can't sell to every boy In town
but If
220 Parents with 1 Boy and
150 Farcins witli 2 Boys and
58 Parents with 3 Boys
Come in and buy a Suit for each of
tbem, it will dean up the stock entirely.   You will have 100 Tor cent,
satisfaction, and we shall have attain-
ed our objective.
WE WILL FILL MAIL ORDERS
PROMPTLY     AND     EFFICIENTLY
Any Suit in
the Store
Regular Value $18,50
SALE PRICE     '
$14.50
Any Suit in
the Store
Regular Value to $22,50
.   and $25.00
SALE PRICE
$18.50
Boys' Bloomer Special
Extra values in strong Tweeds, well made, lined and fin.
Ishcd with Governor fasteners. Plain and fancy Tweeds,
grey and browns, etc, will give long and satisfactory wear.
Pair.
$ 1.50, $2, $2.50, $3.00
Any Suit in
the Store
Regular Value $12.60
BALE PRICE
$8.50
Any Suit in
the Store
Regular Value $16.50
SALE PRICK
$12.50
.Note the Address
137 HASTINGS SIREER WEST
L, M. BROWN, Manager
The Tip Top Tailors Store                Opposite thc Province CRIDAT  ....July J,  111!
twelfth tear, no, »t   THB BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b.&
PAGESEVEB
Hunter-
'   Henderson
Paints
Quality .*. Service
642-Gwuwille Sbeet-642
THE CHALLENGE
HELP ALONG!
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Ban Thay An, JUMnd fat Tot •
Ut. Unloa lba, Out XUi Oit ana Olv. It to Ton WSi
Banks
Baak of Toronto, Hutingi * Caabn; Victoria, Merritt and New Wart-
minitor. x ^    .
Bejal Bank ot Canada, U Branchei in VaneonTir, tt in B. 0,
Bicycles
TUdalli "-"-'  US Hasting. Stnet Weit
3. A. Flett  ■ ..„....._ —        Huting, Street Wmt
Billiards-
On Jone, (Brunnriek Peel Bwnu).
Boots and Shoes
Hutinga Strwt Eut
Oeodwln Shoe Co., _
Ingledew Shoe Store..,
"K" Boot Shop	
Pierr. Paria.	
Wm. Piek Ltd...
-11$ Halting. Street Bart
-- OranvUle Btre.t
—.319 Hutinga Street Weat
..84 Hutingi Stmt Wert
.Huting. Street Eut
Vancouver Co-op.mtiv. 41 Pender Streot West
MacLachlan-Taylor Company (3 Cordova Btreet West
Cornett Bro. , SB Hastlngi W.
Cafes
Golden Gate Cafe Hastings Street Bast
O. B. U. Modal Car.  II Cordova Street West
Orpheum Cafe ' Opp. Orpheum Theatre
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
Arnold * Quigley 5« Granville Sheet
Cfaunani, Ltd 153 Hastings Stnet West
Clubb ft Stewart 300-315 Hutinga Strut Weet
a 0. Outlining •*> "» Hutings Street West
Wm. Dick Ltd	
Th*. Foster ft Co,
Ltd..
J. W. Foiter ft Co, Ltd..
J. N. Harvey Lti
C D. Bruce	
New' Tork Outfitting Co-
David Sfioncor Ltd.............
W. B. Brumitt...
-33-4$ Halting, Street Eut
 _5i4 Granville Street
..845 Hutings Street West
..US Huting. Weit and Viotorla, B. 0.
   401 Hutingi Street West
-143 Hastingi Street West
 Hasting. Btreet
.Thomas ft McBain...
Woodward, Ltd...
...Cordova Street
..Granville Street
Victor Clothes Shop...
S. K. Book .
Vancouver Co-operative .
Blekson'i	
-Hutlngi aad Abbott Streets
-111 Hastingi West
Kirk ft Co, Ltd.
, 117 Hutingi Street West
 41 Pender Street West
 ■ ISO Oranvlll. St.
Coal
 $1$ Main St, Beymour 1441 and 460
Fraier Valley Dabiot-
Dairies
_ltk Arena, tnd Tnkon Stntt
Dentists
Dr. Brett And.rs«n ...
Dr. W. J. Curry	
Sr. Gordon CampbelL-
Dr. Lowe	
Dr, Grady. 	
.102 Huting. West
-301 Dominion Building
..Corner Granville and Bobson Streots
-Corner Hutingi and Abbott Stroeti
..Comer Hutingi and Seymour Streeta
Britannia Beer	
Canada Beer.	
Patricia Cabaret	
Taii—Soft Drinki..
Van Bni.	
Drinks
-Westminster Brewery Oo,
- Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
-411 Hutlngi Street East
_40> Dunsmuir Street
-Ciden and win.i
.Vancouver Drug Co..
Drags.
Famous Cloak ft Bolt Co-
Vancouver Co-operative
Brown Bros. A Co. Ltd....
Dry Goods
..Any of their «lx stores
-623 Hutinga Strut Wert
.41 Pender Street West
Florists
....48 Hasting. Eut and 718 Granvillo Street
Funeral Undertakers
Nunn Thomson ft Glegg 631 Hom.r Street
Hutings Furniture Co...
Furniture
.41 Hutingi Street Wut
Ballard Furniture Store  1024 Main Street
Home Furniture Company 410 Main Street
-    Groceries
Oil-Van Markot....—..   Hastings Street Opposite Fantagos
"Sinters" (three stores) —.Hastings, OranvUle tad Main Streets
Woodwards ......— ,........_..„... .Hastings and Abbott Streots
Bponcor* Ltd Hutings Streot
Vanoouver Co-operative 41 Pendor, Street West
Union Public Market 3B-S7 Hastings Street Wost
S. T. Wallace .' 118 Hastings Street West
Hatters
Black and White Hat Storo Cor. Halting, and Abbott Stre.ta
Jewelers
O. B. Allan  '• 480 Gr&nvifi. Street
North West Mall Order House 816 Ponder Street We»t
O.8.U.
OIL AND THE DIVIDING OF THE SWAG
Th. war wu not fought becausef,
of oil. But the dividing up of the
•wag among the victors waa ln part
determined by oil, and certain protectorate, were nicely adjusted to
the presence of It If the white
weitern world Is abl. to achieve
another war la a few yeara, the
causes and objects will probably
center around potential oil territory. A god many people are stacking the materials for euch a bonfire. The stakes of diplomacy used
to be coal, iron ore, rubber and
copper. But the most Inflammable
recent addition to international
poker ls oil.
'    OH at San Bono
"Lloyd George Uses OU on Diplomat. In San Remo," said a headline of the New York Sun on April
28. Thus, oil become, an Instrument ot policy. The Sun article
describes ln the orthodox term,
of economlo determinism how th.
world of politics Is the pasteboard
facade for the silent 'ooncelead
economlo forces, and how politicians are the puppets and showmen of the business interests. This
new organ of Marxism makea auch
comment tta: "To the effective use
by British diplomat, of the great
economio weapons, coal and oil, 1.
largely attributable the accord
which seems to have been reached
rather suddenly at the San Remo
conference. It is the new diplomacy Into whloh oil la entering
more and more u a factor a* th.
Britlah diplomats play th. game."
Lloyd George, In his talk to th.
Commons on April 29, tuoked away
In one sentenoe the vital decision.
He aaid, "Thero hu been an agreement arrived at with the Frnoh
with rspect to oil distribution ln
Mosul."
British Policy Saves Oil
When Bolshevik and British
troops march into the new free
state of Azerbaidian, it ls not alone
to preserve the liberties of the happy little republic They also come
because Baku, on which they concentrate their regard, is the centre
of one of the largest otl Holds ln
th. world. The strange Caucasian
deploys of British troops during
the recent war puzzled simple-
hearted military men, like General
Maurice, who wished to defeat the
German army. But even ln the
midst of alarm., British polloy saw
a vaster struggle in the years to
come, and obeyed the imperial Instinct, so mdeh stronger than mere
blood-lust. When Admiral Fisher,
one of the greatest sea dogs since
Nelson, Ilrst said "Oil," men
thought him mad. Was not England built on her bed of coal? Her
commerce sailed to it; her world
market, had been' captured by it
Like most men of genius ln action,
Fisher haa a style. He preaehed
oil ln hla famous terse letters, 60
words long, till that rock of reaction, the Admiralty, smitten,
flowed.   Fisher said:   .
"The oil engine . . . will
revolutionize commerce and alter
the whole art of sea war. I wai
dubbed an oil maniac when I wu
at the Admiralty in 1886. The Internal combustion engine Is as imperative for commerce as for war.
I should build tramps to carry oil,
with evor-improving cbmbuatton
engines fitted In them ....
inexpensive vessels, more or less
hulls to carry thoae experimental
internal combustion engines. A few
years hence we shall require a spe-
VANCOUVER   LAND   DISTRICT
Rango 1, Coast
W. H. Malkin...
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
..(Malkin's Best)
Musical Instruments
Mason & Risch 788 Oranvlll. Street
Swltzer Bros 312 «asttng» Strut West
Novelties and Mail Order House
North West Mall Order House  61S Pender Strut West
Overalls and Shirts
"Biff Horn" Brand  (Tumor Beeton ft Co., ViotorU, B. 0.)
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co...
Paints
 : 642 Granville Street
Printers and Engravers
Cowan * Brookhouse  Labor Templo
CUeUand-Dibbl*	
Tower Building
 C. N. R.
Railways
p, Q, E nnd the   .....
x   Tailors
Tom tho Tailor  624 OrajivlU. St; 31S Haatings W.
Abrams the Tailor  *** Hutings West
Tools
_  A piott   „  Hutting. Street West
Martin, Finlayson & Mathor  Hastings Street West
Theatres and Movies
Empross  Orpheum   Pantages
TAKE NOTICE that Rice Owen
Clark of' Port Progress,
rancher, Intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands,, commencing at a post planted about 40
chains S.W. of tho S.E. corner of lot
422, thence about 30 chains north
to lot 422, thence west 80 chains
thence about 10 chains N. to shore
line, thence southerly and easterly
along shoreline to point of comen-
cement, and containing 200 acres
more or less.
RICE OWEN CLARK
Dated June 4th, 1920.
VANCOUVER  LAND   DISTRICT
Range 1, Coast
TAKE notice that Agnu Lizzie
Clark of Port Progroas, store,
keoper. Intends to apply for per-
miasion to purchaso the following
described lands, commencing at a
post planted at N. W. point of Bald
Bonwlck Island, about 20 chains
S. E. of S. E. corner of lot 1007,
thence around shoreline to point of
commencement and containing six
acres, more or less.
AONES LIZZIE CLARK.
Dated June 1st, 1920
des of hippopotami, both for sea
war and sea commerce,"
Floated to Victory on Ott
Said Earl Curzon, "Th. AlUu
floated to victory on a aea of oil."
Walter Hum* Long, flrat lord of
the British Admiralty, ha. mid:
"If we secure the supplies of oil
now available ln tho world we can
do what we like." He warned the
Institution of Petroleum Technologists that the government would
be blamed "for Inaction at this moment of great national importance.
We are on the threshold of. tremendous opportunities, and the nation must take care to occupy the
house,' or others will take it and
with lt the key to all future suo-
oess." An even franker statement
Is that of Sir E. MacKay Edgar,.
head ot Spaling A Company, quoted in the Manchester Guardian of
September, 1019:
We hold tn our hand, the' secure
control of the future of tho world's,
oil supply. We are slttyig tight on
what must soon become the lion',
share of a raw material indispensable to every manufacturing coun.
try, intimately bound up with ma-'
ritlme power, and unobtainable In
sufflclent quantities outside the,
sphere ot British Influence. Before
very long America wlU have to
purchase from British companies.
If the .fall in the pound on the New
Tork money market ha. not been
stayed Song before then, the British oontrol of the greater part of,
the world's otl will not onlyjmfflce
to arrest It, but will go a long way
towards re-establishing the old exchange  equilibrium.
At some point, then word, are
the substance of things hoped for,
rather than thing, aat upon tightly.
Reports drawn np by representative, ot th. "International League
'to Fight Child Mortality" .how
"ilearly the awful destitution and
Froze Ont Little Nation.
A representative American oil
man summed up at th* beginning
of May tho situation u ho saw lt
He sold he admired th. British;
anybody would who watched them
at work. Their political poliey
backed up their commercial polloy
s-together, the two policies mad.
their imperialism. Their fleet froze
out any Uttle nation that Interfered with British Investors. By
a bloodless, friendly, but thorough
blockade of necessary raw materials, they ..softened the governmental policy of the lesser breed.,
till British business men had established themselves and were respected. Tho present government, of
the United States, this buslnss man
lamented, did not back up its investors ln other counties, and lt
waa impossible to get a clear-cut
polloy from the state department
The pressing need of expanding
American business (particularly tn
oil) was, therefore, to corn* to a
working but. with the Mate department. Were not our investors,
he uked, to be protected by that
wise pressure which only a great
government could give? In the
first years of the war, when British arms were busy at Tprcs, a
forth-reaching commercial-imperial policy from Washington could
have thown its hook. Into Asia.
Too late now. As soon as the Hun
wu held, British detachments began to make casual detours tn the
Caucasus and Asia, wherever their
noses led them. Mexico, Russia,
Central and South America, were
still open for Amorican exploitation. But they would not -bo In a
few years, unless the government
and the Investor worked together.
Such was the statement of th..
distinguished "oil magnate." There
ls much good information ln it,
wtihout any pretense of Injecting
ethics Into a matter of business.
It. Is roughly estimated that
about 40 per cent of the known
underground otl reserves ln the
United Stales have been exhausted..
Wo ore rapidly using up our oil
supply. The Geological Survey eltl-
mates that only seven billion bar-
rels are left ln the United States
and' Alaska. At the present rate
of consumption' that would give
us only 18 years before exhaustion.:
So we must discover other sources;
for otl, such a. shales and other
materials retortablo by distillation,,
or cnmp on exploitable territory be-,
longing to other people, or get
along on less oil. There are 68
billion barrels of recoverable petroleum In the world (ln addition
to our seven billion). This supply
ls about equally divided between
tho old world and tho new, the
Americas having a total very close
to that ot tho remaining continents.
bo the race is on.
The touble for American vessels
is In the British-owned oiling stations dotted around the globo. An
American tanker limps in on a
thirsty boiler to a British base, and
learns that they are regretfully out
of supplies. Three houra lator,
British tanker makes the sign of
the Indigent, and receives all tbe
comforts of homo. The British
government controls the Anglo-
Persian Petroleum Company, and,
by Its selling control of producU,
control, th. Royal Dutch 8h.ll
group ot oil interest.. In thla way
the naval policy of th. Admiralty
.nd th. commercial and Industrial
polloy ot busineu men ar. made
into a unified Imperial poUoy, It
ls thli clos. allianc. of govornment
and business which mad* Germany
strong and tense. Any rudenus to
a trader In a far country vibrated
to the core of the nation, When
business and government are thus
tied together, there Inevitably results-thl. high nervous tension ln
the power-group at the centre. Until there ls International control
and rationing of raw material, thl.
competition of tradu. will continue, with danger, every one* tn
so often, of war.—Th. Nation.
Australian Workers Hold
Big Conference at
Melbourne
(Special ts Th* Federatlonist)
Th. One Big Union conference
opened it. sitting. In Australia on
May 88 last, at the Unity Hall, Melbourne. The buainess before the
conference wu t. discus, the provisional constltuUon of the One
Big Union movement, with the Idea
of launching the administration for
the Stat* of Victoria In Melbourne.
Over 88,000 worker, were represented at the conference—prominent amongat them being representatlvu from th. railways, waterside-workers and coal miners. It
wu announced that ballot, were
being taken by the tramway em-
ployeu and seamen on th* question of Joining th* O. B. H, but
that at Ui* tlm. .of muting, th*
reeult. ware not known.
Tho conference decided to launch
department, of transportation nnd
mining—th. railway worker, and
waterside worker, to comprise th.
former at th. outset, and the coal
and .hale miner, to Mart th. iat
tar department Propaganda work
wu agreed upon to urge the ma-
men and wateraid. worker, to cast
an affirmative vote, and bring them
Into th. transportation department
It wu atated by delegates that
In spit, of craft union Jealousy, th*
On. Big Unton movement was mak.
ing progress. Th* greater part *f
th* opposition came, not front th.
rank and 111. of th. unlona, but
from th. varloua union secretaries.
In spit, of th* hostility pf th. craft
union*, it wu deolded that they tt
approached again.
It ni agreed that another conference ihould be held within thr*.
month, to enroll th* other treat-
port unions.
STBEET RAILWAYMEN
ELECT OFFICERS
W. H. Cottrell It Elected Bnsiness
Agent—Rigby I.
Children in Russia
^rant left In th. wake of the world
war among th* children of th* poor
|i0, every innd.    In every eountry,
i fl. matter whether victor or vanquished, In victorious Franca and
Kngland, as well u In conquered
, tjermany, Austria, Hungary—everywhere, th* Imperialistic war haa
!<et It. dreadful seal, flrat of all
flpon the children. Madame Miliu-
Jfov draws a vivid picture of the
heartrending condition of children
under Denikin'.   regime showing
I that th* burnt necessities of food,
olothing and medicines an lacking,
and that ohUd mortality hu reached the appalling level of 86 per
cent
A. early aa 1818, Soviet Ruasla
anticipated a catastrophe, and, ln
the apportioning of th. dally food-
ration, the children were th. flrst
to b. looked atter. They were
given breakfast In the schools gratis; for thoa. children who did not
u yet attend sohool, speolal mess-
halls were erected. The Peopk'i
Health Commissariat mt uld. a
special fund which Is to' be used for
the purpose of nourishing children.
In February,' 1016, there wu created a Soviet fsr the Protection of
the Children; all organlutlon. Interested were here represented. On
May 17, 1818, th* Soviet gov.ru-
mnt Issued a decree, ordering that
the children-in th* district* where
food waa scarce and ln th. two
chief cities, b* fed gratia Next to
the Red army came the children—
they were th* first to receive food.
Prgnant women, and nursing mother, were also well supplied with
food. Reports from various place,
affirm with what zeal the local Soviet organizations followed tho
government', orders. From famine-stricken district, there came
frequent report, stating that th. In.
habitant, of thom parts, although
themsolve. very poorly supplied
with food, put all their .tor. at th.
disposal of th. children. For example, ln th. district of Nlzhnl-
Novgorod, the peasants themselves
lived on nothing but war bread and
soup, and supplied the children ln
the schools wtlh a warm breakfast
consisting of two courses. Every
newspaper print, roports that no
sooner do the soldiers of the Red
army occupy districts where bread
ls plentiful than, of their own accord, thay buy bread from the peasants and send lt to the starving
children of the cities. The children
of Moscow and Petrograd frequently receive packages of food from
the childron of moro prosperous
districts, through the Soviet for the
protection of children. .In these
packages, they flnd enclosed touching letters which speak of the "solidarity of childhood."
i We have here a demonstration of
tho fact—which experience has
taturlit us a thousand times—that
,a just apportionment of the necessities of life Is only possible through
a. Bystem of rationing. Soviet Rus-
ipla blockaded, her transportation
system completely disorganized,
had yot the power to flght against
thc starvation of her children, while
Rations rich ln Industry are helpless when faced by the same situation.
n Soviet Russia gives Its last crust
to the children. The Soviet for the
protection of children receives dally
contributions for these hungry children from districts where bread is
plentiful. Tho children of Soviet
Russia are spared the catastrophe
to which the children of the western countries, whoro the struggle
against hunger Is carried on by individuals, are doomed. The capitalistic ruling class does not trouble
about tho children of the working
classes—why should thoy trouble
nbout the children of strangers?
Such a state of affairs leads Inevitably to a tragic end, to chronic
hunger, and Its attendant Infant
mortality. Soviet Russia Is essentially tho country of the worker
and tho peasant, nnd therefore
looks after the children of the
workers and peasants before everything else.—Soviet Russia.
Th. following I. tne official return, of th* election, for offlcen
in th. Street, and Electric Rallwaymen'. Union, division No. 101,
Vancouver:
Preaident, on* to elect—Kirby,
64; McDuff, A, 86T; Rigby, R.,
860.
First Vice-president, on* ts elect
—H. Cameron, 68: A. Mclnnes,
866; G. Mare, ?61; W. O. Scott 60.
Seoond Vic.-pre.ident, on* ts
•Let—R. Foster, 440; W. Grant,
248; J. Johnston*. 78.
Busineu Agent and Financial
Socretary, on* to elect—W. H. Cottrell 448; F. A. Hoovor, 881.
, Recording Saoretary, one to elect
—F. B. Griffin, 464; H. W. Speed,
840.
Treaaurer, sn* ts elect—E. S.
Cleveland, 866; J. Ferries, 66; J.
Sidaway, 400.
Auditor* thru ts elect—A. tf.
Andrew. 188; J. Auton,'287; W.
Barker, 876; H. Birnle, 266; T.
Elliott, 148; W. Ford, 164; A. H.
Glngell, 80; J. Hubble, 197; B. O.
Kermode, 186; R. Laycook, 76; W.
Leeden, 118; A. Mclnnes, 268; Jaa
Whit., 76.'
Relief Committee, three to elect
—W. H. Arnold, 428; A. H. Glngell, 241; W. Grant 198; G. R. Hil-
chey, 228; J. Hendry, 617; W. Murray, 864.
Teller.—Vancouver: J. Dew, W.
McCielian, R. A. Darling; North
Vancouver, R. M. Viney; Lulu Ialand, G. Hamaon.
Our Semi-Annual
Clearance Sale
STARTS TOMORROW - CONTINUES ALL
NEXT WEEK
A genuine Clearance
Sale of Men's, Women's and Children's
Footwear. Some lines
at half regular prices
many lines to
be  sold  at
factory cost
Good Shoes for Men at.
_$8.85 and $645
Women's White Canvas Boots, Goodyear welted
Sole, regular $7.00 value for —$3.50
Men's Black, and Brown work
boots, Godyear welted soles
all sizes, at .—$7.95
Men's, Women's and Children's outing shoes of
all descriptions at
.  wholesale prices.
Extra special value in our
Downstairs Department
A Visit to This Sab WiU Save Tou Dollars
OFFICIAL AMERICA AT
SEA OVER BUSSIA
Uncertainty Prevail* A* To What
Action ls Best—War ott
Peace.
(By The Federated Press).
Washington.—Keen Interest In
th. negotiation, now ln progress
between Lloyd George and Gregory
Krassln, Russian Soviet Minister ot
Commerce and Transportation, Is
not the only emotion manifested at
Washington, and especially at the
Stat. Department, regarding the
possibility of Allied resumption of
trad, relation, with Soviet Russia,
Uncertainty as to which would be
th. more advisable course to pursue
—th. continuation of a hopeleas
war, open or covert against Soviet
Russia, or tho conclusion of peace
and reopening of trade relation.
—Is reported to be noted in official
circles here. A "Battle of Speculation" appeals to be going on
within the governments, Aud more
than speculation ia th. feeling that
publio opinion ln England ls responsible for the present Lloyd
George-Krossin discussions, which
are expectod to be followed by conferences between other Allied officials nnd Krassin.
When Buying Diamonds
at Allan's
•-you ata assisted by Diamond Experts who not only
know Diamond values, they also stake the honor of the
■tore on the aale.
There'a only one story to tell—the exact literal truth.
Our Diamonds are exactly what we-say they are.
The quiet seclusion ol our Diamond Boom permits
an uninterrupted view and consideration of hundreds
ef loose gems or mounted in exquisite forms of Jewelry.
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unoa ham
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RUSSIA CONCENTRATES
ON MINING INDUSTRY
Moscow, (via Helsingfors)—The
Labor Council has decided to mobolize all miners between the ages
of 18 and 50. All miners will be
released from the army and trans-
furred to the mines.
The Soviet government has recognized the newly-formed republic of Eastern Caucasus and its provisional government. Diplomatic
and commercial relations are soon
to fie opened.
The "work week" in Bolnshow
resulted in a triumph. During the
week 22 river boats were repaired.
The metal workers have voluntarily prolonged their working hours
to ten hours.
First Russian Ship
Glasgow—A Russian ship with a
Ukrainian crew, has arrived In
Glasgow harbor, but its destination
Is not known. Many of the crew,
so far as an Interpreter could ascertain their opinions, are Bolsheviks and admirers of Lcnln and
Trotsky. This Is believed to be the
flrat Bussian ship and crew to arrive on tho Clyde sinco the Soviet
Revolution In November, 1817.—
London Daily Herald, May 6.
New Orleans.—More than 75 employers have signed the unton shop
agreement of Bakora' Union No. 36.
Buy at a union store.
UNION STORE
Abrams the Tailor
IF ABRAMS MAKES THEM
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614 Hastings W.
Phone Seymour 6424
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"UNION-MADE  FOOTWEAR" PAGE EIGHT
■twelfth tear, no. »    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vamcotveb, b. a
FRIDAY..... ...f-Vijiuly S, 1921
i CLAMAN'S STORE NEWS
■     BOTS' DEPT.—2nd floor
Late Arrivals in
Boys' Suits
$18^
Mothers, there'll be a chance this Friday and Saturday to get your boy an extra high grade "best" suit
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Pants arc the neat self belt style with hip, two side
and watch pockets. Materials are superfine wool
fabrics, in tasteful browns and greys with striped and
checked patterns. We ordered these'flne suits to
arrive In March last, but they're only Just to hand.
However, they'll be ready on Friday and Saturday,
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153  HASTINGS  WEST
■f
ma
The Revolutionary
Situation in Italy
(By George Halenen)
Written for the Federated Press,
Even the press dispatches state
that the Italian situation Is critical
And the recent cabinet crisis has
proved lt. Nltti resigned, but as
none of the bourgeois parties dared to take the responsibility of
forming a new cabinet, he again
And again took the post of premier,
until finally Oiovannla Giolltti was
found ready to attempt to form a
cabinet.
As early aa 1914 the Socialist
party of Italy predicted that the
Imperialistic policy of' the bourgeois would necessarily lead to gen-
Aral misery and that It would create a revolutionary movement
Among the masses. Recent revolutionary activities hove eurprlsed
•ven the party.
Only Solution
The present social-political crisis
tt such that the only solution is
revolution. The capitalist class understands that and it Is prepared
to face the music. Ex-Premier
Nltti, Its most eloquent and diplo<
matlc spokesman, has taken steps
to fight the increasing power of
the workers' party. Nltti does not
resorf to gag-laws and suppression.
On the contrary, he has taken a
Vary friendly attitude towards the
Socialists who have 150 representatives in parliament.
"Our Socialists are real politicians," says Nltti, in order to tame
the Socialists. "They constitute a
great power, To them belongs the
future."
But the Socialists have'refused
to take places on parliamentary
committees and commissions' because they know that.the time for
reforms haa been outlived and that
the masses, not satgg.ed with reforms within the capitalist system,
Are fervently preparing for a'revo-
lutlon.
The present time Is a period of
great strikes. In Turin a strike of
200,000 metal workers took place
which continued 28 days. The work
Ars demanded recognition' of thetr
soviet or council. The strike was
to be the beginning of a general
revolution, but this did not succeed
.As the armed forces of the exploiters were too strong for them.
All over Italy the peasants a.re
dissatisfied because of their miser-
WHEN HUNGRY EAT AT TBE
_T   $jg&n*   «z
****** - Tt* C Street
East
ti*W*ft
CAFE
East
able conditions. The farm workers
of Parvia and Novarra are striking, often using extreme measures.
Agriculturists Strike
Industrial as well as agricultural
workers are striking and sometimes
the strikes are not bloodless. Some
time ago a Socialist was murdered
in Decima. The workers declared
a protest strike. As a result six
workers were killed and 30 Injured
by soldiers. Of the Modena workers who protested against the military rule of Decima, five were killed and 50 injured. This catastrophe was followed by a protest
strike in Bologna and the workers,
of Florence, Genoa, Rive, Trlzeso,
Parma and Piacenza declared a 24-
hours' general cessation of work as
a demonstration against the tactics
of the militarists.
The dissatisfied workers are demanding that the Socialist party
declare a revolution. This desire of
the impatient masses is shared by
many trade unionists. The Socialist party, which Ib thoroughly revolutionary, is against a revolution at
the present time. "Avanti," the organ of the party, says, "The labor
organizations must flght for Victory
and they must not enter into premature revolts. We must be ready
for the right time."       ,
Executive Position
The executive committee of the
party has declared the following:
"The executive commltte of *he
Socialist party Is of the opinion that
the present difficulties and strikes
indicate that the situation will continue to become more critical and
of -necessity revolutionary. We
therefore deem- It necessary for the
proletariat to prepare for united action In order to crush the reaction
and to overthrow the capitalist
government.",
"Avanti" explains in a leading
article that the events in Sestri and
Turin where the workers were defeated by armed forces shows that
the Socialists have not yet sufficient
power. The bourgeois state Is armed. The Socialists are' not. The
tendency of the Socialist party is
not against revolution but it wants
preparation, even arming of the
workers, before it gives the signal
for revolution.
The Soviets or councils form a
part of the preparation. At the
meeting of the national council of
the party which took place In Milan, April 18-21, it was decided to
urge the forming of workers' councils in- places where the Socialists
are strong. This resolution waB
adopted by 94,736 votes against 21,-
960. A resolution providing councils all over Italy received '8,000
votes.
The chief purpose of the Socialist
party in checking the revolutionary
activity of the masses is to organize
and discipline them so that when
the time ls ripe for revolution, the
party will be In a position to direct the revolutionary movement
from a central point. The May Day
proclamation indicated this very
clearly. The party urged the workers to demonstrate for revolution,
for soviet Russia, and for their own
councils but above all for discipline,
revolutionary discipline, discipline
of human beings and masses. The
highest aim Is victory for the dictatorship of the proletariat and for
the realization of communism.
Italy is on the verge of a great
social upheaval—a social revolution.
At the Empress
"Scandal," which is to be n%xt
week's play at the Empress, was
produced ln New York last September, and according to those
publications which keep a directory of Broadway shows, lt still
drawing capacity houses long after
the ordinary theatrical season ih
the metropolis has ended. The rea-
j son for this drama's phenomenal
success Is said to be its scathing exposure of social morality ln the
four hundred. The heroine is the
daughter of a wealthy family and,
being brought up without due restraint, comes to imagine that her
social position excuses any folly.
Her adventurous spirit and disregard of consequences lead her into
an appalling .situation. The tre
mendous climax of the act In which
thc heroine is confronted with this
situation ls one of the gripping moments ever presented In dramatic
form. The wonderful speech in
which the hero brings her to a
consciousness of her disregard of
convention affords Rob Lawrence
one of the greatest opportunities
of his career.
MEN'S
SUITS
Pay the
Euj Way
AT TREMENDOUS
REDUCTIONS DURING
OUR MID ■ SUMMER
GIGANTIC CLEARANCE
SALE
MEN'S SUITS
Best Models of the Season; blues
and blacks included. Regular
values to $45.00        <tOQ  RA
at only   «P<fit7.UU
Tweods of good quality—Value
to $30.00—Sale d> | Q   __f\
price      910.WU
Credit
Gladly
BOTS'   SUITS
These   Suits  are   snappy   models
and built to   . d*Q  gn
wear  «J>I7.0U
The
Family
Clothiers
LADIES'     SUITS mnrs>        I
AND   DRESSES U,KM
AT GREAT DRESSES
REDUCTIONS AT ',_ lytKE
The
Credit
Store
113 HASTINGS ST. W.
Opposite Province
PHONE SEV. 1361
"EIGHTY  CENTS AN HOUR"
Come fill your near-beer glasses,
boys,
And   gather  'round  the  festive
bower,
Let's drink a health to all that's
"rich,"
We're drawing "eighty cents an
hour."
What matters It if kiddies starve,
And  debts  are  like  the Rums'
block tower,
While spuds and sugar reach the
sky,
We're drawing "eighty cents an
hour."
What if through snowy drifts we
plod,
Or maybe dodge'a hasty shower,
Or face a sorting case all day,
We're drawing "eighty cents an
hour."
Hall! Generous wage! Magnificent!
(Let   princes   turn,   with   envy,
sour),
We soon all millionaires will be,
And still draw "eighty cents an
hour." •
Here's, Postal Workers, lo the day
We shall no more as peons cower,
When human life shall be worth
more
Than   Rowell's   "eighty   cents   an
hour."
—W. A. S.
Defense Fund
Hanson's tie camp, Telkwa....$29.00
Headquarters camp, P. G, E.. 15.00
Unknown     1.00
W. Gertz      1.00
Total  $46.00
Per J. Stevenson, Prince George.
O. B. V. UNITS AND WHEN
THEY MEET
Piledrivers and Wooden Bridge-
men—-Every Monday.
Laundry Workers—Every second
aud fourth Tuesday.
Trades aud Labor Council—Every
flrst and third Wednesdny.
General Workers' Unit—Every
second and fourth Wednesday.
Gaa Workers Unit—Every socond
and fourth Wcdensday.
Marine Firemen — Every first
and third  Wednesdays.
All .Units meet In Pender Hall,
Pender Street West.
Milan.—An Italian Labor nnd
Socialist mission has left here for
Russla accompanied by technical
experts. Serratl, oditor of Avanti,
the Socialist organ, is one of the
groupi
He Denies Opposing the
Russian Kind of
International
(Ry The Federated Press).
Montreal, Can.—J. W. Ogden,
fraternal delegate representing the
British Trade Union Congress* at
the A. F. of L., will not soon forget
the kept press of America.
In his ji duress to the convention
he had spoken of the "greater
efforts toward international organization" made by the British
labor movement during the past
three years, and had explained the
word In this way:
"When I speak of International-
Ism I mean that we feel as trade
unionists and as representatives of
the workers, that we should not
only link up with the American
Federation of Labor, we should not
only link up with the Canadian representatives of labor, but we
should link up with all organised
workers the world throughout. We
believe that the only way te prevent wars and to prevent misunderstandings Is for the workers and
their representatives ln all countries to get' together, to keep In
close .touch with each other, and
prevent misunderstanding. And we
believe by that method, my friends,
we should not only make greater
progress as workers of the world,
but we shall have a means of preventing future wars."
Next morning the New York
Times printed an Associated Press
dispatch containing this sentence:
"Mr. Ogden warned the Federation
that it must ignore any 'Internationale' similar to that formed in
Russia and other countries."
When shown this alleged quotation, Mr. Ogden appeared a.s disgusted as W. J. Bryan might upon
finding* himself quoted. In England
as warning the British against the
plots of the reformers to.close up
their public bars.
This ls monstrous—it is damn
able," he said. " You can make
that denial us strong as you choose.
I said nothing of the kind.
"I suppose I can do nothing
about It, as a guest here. But what
is unfair and unfortunate is that
the remark may be quoted In England, and I shall be busy for
months in denying the statement
to one person after another. Anything you care to do in your country to deny the statement I shall
be grateful for.
"Please understand me clearly;
I said nothing—absolutely nothing
—of the kind. It Is absurd and impossible that I could make such
a remark regarding the Russian
situation."
RECIPE FOR WEALTH
Buy a Farm and Let a Oity Grow
Up ou It
Manhattan Island, as every school
child knows, cost the first white
men some twenty-four dollars in
beads and other gewgaws. A good
many years later the original John
Jacob Astor paid twenty-five thousand dollars for the tract running
from Forty-fifth «to Flrty-seventh
street,1 and from Broadway to the
North river, which comprises the
most valuable part. of New York
City and some that is not so valuable. The increase was, of course,
due to the increase of population.
More years passed and a third of
the estate passed into the hands of
faenry Astor, who was cut oft with
this comparatively small endowment for the heinous sin of marrying a farmer's daughter. His family ostracized him and he retired
to a small village and obscurity.
Meanwhile the land went on Increasing In value. It increased
while Henry Astor slept, while he
was eating, while he was sitting
in his arm-chair on the porch; ft
increased without anw exertion or
trouble on his part; It would have
gone on increasing If he had gone
up Into the air or down Into a
mine. It grew like a pumpkin in
a field. It grew like a milk-fed
calf. It grew Uke a snowball rolling down hill. Of every immigrant
who came to live in New York
Henry Astor took toll; he took toll
of every one who shopped In New
UP IN 11
Bernard Shaw Expresses
Opinion on Political
Parties '**
London, England—George Barnard Shaw, addressing a meeting
arranged by the Fabian Society In
Co win Garedn recently, said that
in his opinion, the Liberal Party,
for although it was a Royalist
Party, It was a condition of their
loyalism that the reigning sovereign
should be an absolute puppet with'
out real power. Its mission, which
began, historically, on Bosworth
Field, was to achieve absolute
equality, to remove all privileges
that stood in the way of any class
or person sharing In the exploitation of the people at large.
This mission of breaking down all
exclusive class barriers and rights
was, he said, carried on to this day,
though there were few privileges
left and the career of profiteering
lay open to aU talents.
Referring to the Conservative
Party, Mr. Shaw said they were the
old Feudal Party, robber barons,
with medieval distinctions quite
recognizable in the governing
class of this day. To these there
were only two professions open—
diplomacy or the art bf. bringing
about war, and the army, the art
oi fighting.   -
Neither of these parties, Mr/
Shaw continued, knew clearly what
they4 were driving at. They had
"acquired the party habit, and
played the party game, voting
neither in accordance with convictions nor principles, but according
to political loyalty, not understanding politics, but adopting their politics from newspapers.". The working class man, he said, did misunderstand the party system and the
result was he could, not play the
game at elections, but would vote
according to fancies of his own.
"The Labor Party," Mr. Shaw concluded, "is the party we are trying
to invent and we know that It Is a
large job."
Subscribers, Please Note!
Many subscribers tn renewing
their subscriptions aro sending tn
tlie old price. The new rptcs ore
as follows: In Canada, $2.60 per
yoar; $1.50 per half yenr. United
States, $3.00 per year. If subscribers will sec tlmt they send hi the
proper amount tt wtll aid us and
also avoid'confusion.   .
Paris.—When half-a-dozen strike
breakers, attempted recently to run
trains intfc Marseilles, a number*of
women, all wives of the strikers,
gathered In the yards. They calmly lay down on the roadbed In
front of the trains, refusing to
budge, and daring the strikebreakers to run over them. The trains
were back In the sheds immediately.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
York or who as much as ate a
meal in New York. He tool toll
of births, weddings and of deaths;
he mnde doctors and ministers both
more expensive.
Finally Henry Astor died, full
of years; leaving his estate regretfully behind him, and forevermore
incapacitated himself from taking
toll of anybody. The other day the
remaining fraction of the estate
was sold. The auctioneer who conducted the affair received, it was
said, $130,000, or nearly four times
.the price paid for the original tract
by the Original Astor aud the fraction brought In, all told, $6,159,-
075, or nearly one hundred and
fifty time the purchase price of
the original tract. In other words,
thc investment netted much more
than 500 per cent a year. Few
profiteers have done better; none,
probably, have done bo well over
so long a period of time.
One fortunate purchaser, who
bought a portion of the land at
the auction for $315,000, sold lt
the same day for a profit of $65,
000. Others are expected to do as
well, now or later. The heirs of
this Astor windfall were all only
distant relatives of the dead man,
Few had even seen him—San Francisco Call.
II.
AT BY POLICE
Strikers   in   Waterbury
Are Dispersed With
Bayonets
(By the Federated Press)
WATERBURY—(N. Y. Bureau)
—One striker  and  one policeman
killed     und     another     mortally
wounded is the toll exaeted by a
riot here, resulting from the ten
sion of the strike of brass work
ers which has kept 2.0,000 men out
of  work  for  over   ten   weeks.
The trouble aroso over an attempt of the police to stop mass
picketing at the plant of,the
Scovilt manufacturing company
at noon hour. The strikers were
having a parade about the end of
the plant; walking on the sidewalk and In the rear, when the
police oredered them to disperse.
The street upon which they were
marching is a public thoroughfare, but such processions constitute ln Waterbury and are
kuown as "parading without a
permit" The police pulled their
revolvers and shooting began.
At the first sound of shots the
mass of strikers broke up and
fled in all directions with the police In pursuit. Police reserves
with rifles, city guardsmen (mil-
tary) with bayoneted rifles and
machine guns were rushed to the
scene, but these had nothing to
do because the "mob" had disappeared by the time the heavy
artillery  arrived.
The demands of the strikers
are more money, and eight hour
eBay and shop oommlttees. No
recognition of any union Is
sought. The manufacturers re-
refuse to meet any committee of
strikers.
Oil Company Workers Intend to Stand By the
Strike Leaders
(By the Federated Press)
Madras, India—Employees of the
three great oil Installations In the
city, the Burma Oil Company, the
Standard Oil Company and the
Asiatic Petroleum Company, have
been on strike for two weeks, and
refuse to resume work until their
grievances are redressed.
At a great public meeting last
evening, one of the speakers explained the notice posted by the
Standard Oil Company recently
that the men should resume work
today, and also a bonus in addition
to other privileges of pension. The
notice, however, stated that the 12
leaders of the strike, whose names
were mentioned, could' not return
to work.
The men expressed resentment
at the notice, a number of them
speaking and catling for solidarity
of the workers. One of the speakers, Kumaraswoml Chetty, strongly advised the workers to remain
united to the end, and to return
only with their appointed leaders.
The meeting disbanded with the
workers determined to stand together.
tM   :i; ill
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Thos. Foster & Co., Ltd.
ONE STOKE ONIiV
514 GRANVILLE ST.
110 CIA
Act of Japan* Allies and
the Czar Shall Be
Atoned for
(By the Federated  Press)
Shanghai—Declaring that all
acts of violence against the Chinese
people by Japan and the Allies, and
by the former Russian Czar shall
be atoned for, Soviet Russia has
offered aid to the workers in the
In the peace note to China, just
made available here. In spite of
attempts by representatives o'f the
old Russian government ln Peking
to discourage any move for peace
with Soviet Russia, it ls understood
that a Chfnese mission has gone to
•Verknie Udlnsk, Transbaikalia, to
negotiate trade and other matters
with Soviet officials.
The note declares that the march
of the Red army across Siberia has
been for the purpose of bringing
liberation to the Chinese people
from militarism and enslaving foreign gold. It holds out to the pen-
pie the same offer made to all
other nations warring against it—
that of a permanent peace, based
on the abrogation of secret treaties, and the renouncing of territorial conquest. The note con-
continues:
"The Soviet government restores
to the Chinese people without any
compensation, the Chinese Eastern
Railway, the mining and forestry.
concessions, and* other privileges
which had been seized by the Czar's
government, the Kerensky government and the brigands Horvath,
Semenoff, Kolchak. the Russian ex-
generals, lawyers and capitalists.
'The Soviet government will do
away with all special privileges, all
factories ot Russian merchants in
Chinese territory, and no official,
whether Russian priest or missionary, can escape judgment before a
(peal Chinese court for any crime
committed. There shall not exist
In China any power of law which
Is not that of the Chinese people,
with the exception of some points
which shall be taken up between
the ministers plenipotentiaries of
the Soviet government and the Chinese people.
'If the Chinese people at the Instance of the Russian people wish
to become free and to avoid the
fate which has been reserved for
them by the Allies at Versailles,
which ls to make their country a
second Korea or another India,
they should make a flght for liberty
with the workmen and peasants of
Russia, and the Red army."
the largest exclusive men's and boys'
shoe Store in the west
We are setting
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this
m
 I locality
Our leader for Saturday—a genuine calf, in
black or town, Goodyear welt, solid leather
soles and rubber heels. Specially priced at $10
the pair.
We do more than just sell shoesr We feature
numerous designs and styles for various feet
Our shoe is the greatest incentive tp intelligent
buying that we can offer,
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33 Hastings Street
Vancouve*, B. C.
The Bondholder Spirit
Don't forget OUR advertisers.    |!~
THB Manchester Guardian commenting on the opposition
to trading with Soviet Russia, had the following to say in
an editorial on the question.
Judged alongside of Sam Oompers,
the Ouardlan is clearly Bolsheviki.
"Those of us who simply want
to know the truth about the
strange new Russia, are not getting much help from the part of
our press which ls rather hysterically hooting at Mr. Krassln, Its
representative now visiting England. When a Frenchman landed
at Dover in the sixteenth century
he used to be followed about the
streets by a body of sturdy
Britons shouting " French dog!"
there is a tendency towards this
purely Interjectionat form of comment in some of our excited journalists of to-day. They exclaim
with horror, " But he is a Bolshevist!" Well, naturally. One
would hardly expect a Bolshevist
Government to have for Jts envoy
a Tsarist or -other \ rebel against
itself. The next cry of horror Is
" But Mr. Lloyd George is actually
going to see him!" Well, we
Bhould hope so. How else can
business be done but by seeing
him? He Is here because England
badly needs to trade with Russia
and Russia badly needs to trade
with England. The mutual need
(cannot be met by keeping Mr.
Krassin In a dark room In a
Trapplst monastery. The Soviet
Government may be as bad aB
some English eye-witnesses say, or
as good as others say—Its Indus
trial conscription Is certainly not
a thing1 that most of us would
Uke here,—but we do not trade
wtth countries whose Governments
are, to our mind, wise and virtuous. We traded with Turkey
throughout the Armenian horrors,
and with Russia throughout the
worst atrocities of the Tsardom,
and we should feel deeply ag-
grleed if America thought the
Amrttsar massacre a sufficient
reason for refusing to sell us raw
cotton. An English clergyman
from Moscow, who almost boasts
that he is ignorant of politics, and
who has no need to add that his
mind -is equally unsullied by any
knowledge of International trade,
seems to have been telling interviewers that Russia has no goods
to pay for exports with, and that
If we trade with her we shall only
set her Government upon Its
wicked legs gratis. We think he
may rest assured that Birmingham
and Manchester will .not make an
undue number of bad debts in
Russia. That special Held of endeavor has been pretty well exhausted by our Government ln its
hot fits of lending to any and
every enemy of the de facto Russian   Government.
Hie Note of Passion
The supreme note of passion ln
these protests against touching
anything so unclean and common
as Mr. Krassin is only reached
when the party of protestation
notes the rumor that Soviet Russia has gold to buy things with.
Then there rises a veritable cry of
the heart, and with your mind's eye
the French or English holder of
Russian Imperial Bonds Is seen
mourning like Rachel for his dividends, because they are not. Why,
the cry Ib, should Russian drapers
and Ironmongers be free to pay
gold for piece goods and hardware
from England when holders of
Russian bonds are not getting, a
rouble of interest? It ls exactly
the old cry with which we were
urged long ago to get thousands of
Englishmen killed, If need 'be, In
order tha^ some English holders ol
Turkish or Egyptian bonds might
come well out of a >tsky investment. Will It never be understood
by a certain type of investor that
when he puts his money Into the
loans of a foreign state he does It
at his own risk, and that when he
puts lt into the loans of a state obviously rotten, like Imperial Turkey or Imperial Russia, he must
not expect both the high Interest
that attracts him and the security
of a guarantee by all the military,
diplomatic and commercial strength
of his own country? If the new
Russian government should repudiate the national debt of the old
one, it would not be an honorable
act, and It would be a very good
reason for investors to 'ook cautiously at any future proposals foi
loans by the defaulter. So far al
the discredit attached to any persons active in Russia foreign trade,
It would-also be a reason for cautious commercial dealing wtth them
on the part of traders here. But
It would be no reason at all for
military or diplomatic attacks on
Russia, nor for any stickiness In
trading with her on proper terms,
which are simply a matter for each
British trader's determination In
his own case. The bondholder
spirit may to some extent be pardoned tn disappointed Russian
bondholders, of whom there are
many ln England, and a real multitude — mostly small ones—In
France. But to propose tt as the
spirit ln which the British nation
should act towards Russia Is neither business nor patriotism.
IN ITALY GAIN
Commandeering of Factories Brings About
Good Results
TURIN, Italy.—At the end of
April the first national agreement
for each craft of the textile Industry, was entered into with
remarkable increases in wages,
ranging from 4G to 100 per cent
for the most poorly paid workers.
Among the latter gains Is the
seven-and-a-half hour workday.
Including half an hour for lunch,
for .those workers employed by
shifts.
The national agreement reached In the cotton branch of tho
textile industry was extended to
three other branches of the Italian textile world.
The membership of the Italian
textile organization ls on the Increase. From 80,00 it has risen
last year to 120.000.
This agreement Ws been made
since the government Intervened
and commandeered the mills of
the Mazzores Cotton firm. Following all this, collective bargaining with the cotton manufacturers proceeded smoothly and rapidly.
80 CENTS PER HOUR
Explanation: Recently the Hon.
Mr. Rowell stated in the House of
Commons thut he did not understand the cause of unrest among
the Postal Workera, as nearly 20
per cent, of the class referred to
were receiving upwards of "80c per
hour."    Hence this screed.
Who says
shirts are
dear?
On Saturday Bruce Is bringing out a big pile of shirts at
a price very fair at any time,
but the way. prices are now
they are cheap.
The fabric ie good quality and will wear well, the stripes are
neat-  They are cut on good lines and  flt  like  made-to-order
shorts.   All sizes from  14%   t
Choice Saturday »•:••■.:• •**•••*•*•]_*:
$1.75
C/D. Bruce
A Store for All Mm '
COR. HOMES AND HASTINGS STS.
VANCOUVER, B. 0.

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