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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 18, 1919

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 IHE   bKUl
Comrades of Great War
and the 6. N. Car
Council Protests Against
the Banning of
Last night's meeting ot the
hades tnd Labor Council waa a
ihort but busy ooo. Under the re-
jort of the executive committee a
letter waa read from the U. B.
Carpentera, Local 617, protesting
igainst the removal of Del. Hardy
!rom tha executive owing to his
laving accepted a position on tho
tfficieney committeo at Coughlan's.
The letter was filed.
The Betail Clerks requested the
endorsation of the council for the
early closing on Saturdays. Tho
council granted tbe request.
Tlw Shipyard Laborers reported
hat owing to financial difficulties
hat they muat temporarily resign
'rom the council. They reported
hat they had spent a large amount
if money in many ways, and that
he money donated to the Laundry
Workers would have paid their per
lapita tax for three yoars, and it
iad become neseasaiy to retrench,
mt that later they hoped to again
ako thoir place in the central body,
-fc. committee consisting of Delegates
Sinclair, Smith, Qrogan and Mc-
tonneil, was appointed to visit this
ocal and get the matter reconsidered.
A communication was received
from tho Metal Trades Couneil
stating that that body was not in
agreement with the statement of
)el. Alexander that 80 per cent, of
he workers in Coughlan's was op-
weed to the efficiency committee.
Brotherhood Meeting!
The delegation appointed to at-
end tho First Congregational
Hhuroh Brotherhood meeting last
hinday, reported that they had at-
ended this meeting, but had been
nllowed only threo minutes each,
bat that a further meeting had beon
held on Tuesday evening, but that
Professor Boggs was not at this
meeting, but Mr. Neild of the B. C.
Employers' Association, was thero.
The delegation recommended that
the council take no part in any such
gatherings in tho future, as, in their
opinion, they were not in the inter-
eats of the working class. The report was received aad the recommendation adoptod.
Tho Loggers roported that there
was trouble at Princeton, but that
the men were standing pat for their
demands. They alao, through President Winch, reported that thoy had
a membership of four thousand, and
that ti! wos hoped that it-would be
Ave by the next meeting.
Protect on Banned Literature
Del. KavHnagh reported that another member of the working elass
had been arrested under thc banned
literature order-in-council, and
movod that the following lotter be
lent to tho Minister of Justice:
Sir,—During the war nnd sinco
Its cessation, certain repressive
measures as to freedom of speech
and of the press, have boen enforced. In the vast majority of
eases the victims of these measures
havo been members of the working
elass. Conceding the necessity of
these menaures in time, of war, their
continued. enforcement serves no
other purposo than to embitter an
already hostile working class. Tho
latest victim ia a longshoreman of
Prince Rupert, by name Broborg,
sentenced to six months for having
so-called banned literature in his
"Be it resolved, therefore, by
this council, that wc request the Department of Justice, as an earnest
of tho desire of the government to
allay the unrest at present prevailing, to immediately order tho re-
lenst of Brobeig, on parole;
and further, bo it resolved,
that we urge 'upon the govornment tho necessity of the
immediate repeal of the obnoxious
orders-in-council respecting free
spooch and the 'freedom of the
press."    This was adopted.
The Comrados ud the 0. N.
The Comrades of the Oreat War
requested the council's permission
to address the delegates. This was
granted, and S. Gothard, president
of that organisation, addressed tho
council on the car cleaners' situation on tho 0. N. He said that
when he had heard that Chinamen
were employed oa the 0. N. aa car
cleaners, he had seen Mr. Henley
about the matter, and had been informed that if the returned men desired, and could do the work, that
tho Chinamen would be discharged,
and returned men substituted. He
then .got in touch with the superintendent, and as a resnlt members of
the Comrades of the Great War
wero. employed. He then referred
to the men being placed under the
mpcrvision of a Swede woman, and
tho eut in wages bf five cents per
hour, and stated that'as a result the
nen had quit. He stated tbat
Statement had appeared in ho press
to tho effect tbat tho woman had
boen discharged, but he read a letter
from the company that showed that
thie was not correct. He denied the
atatement that the men who had
qntt had obtained better employ*
meat, and stated that one had gone
back to the prairies, and another
had secured a job at 43 cents per
hoar (nine hours por day). He
objected to tho report of the committee appointed to inquire into the
matter by the council.
Del. Wells stated that the couneil had not accepted the roport of
the committee, but had insructcd it
to gat in touch with tho men affected, as they had not dono so before reporting. Ho also stated that
the council in appointing tho committeo bad takon the stand that if
returned men were to bo used at
French Workers Remember Martyred Workers'
Was It a Protest Against
the Verdict in the
By Spur-man Lewlt In the Truth.
PARIS, April 7.—The red flag ol
revolution—unrest, Borlet, socialism—anything ot protest that you
may wish to call it—made Its "T,
challenged appearance tfl/r
streets of Parln-     egfintr-"
Behind it; ,,et8*.Jin front of
it, marched wen and women by
tens of thousands. From the* curbs
of many boulevards and' lesser
lanes ot travel other hundreds of
thousands of Frenchmen and
French women openly approved
the marchers or gave them passive smiles of sympathy.
Rolling free and hearty from
the throats of the marchers rose
"The Internationale," the world
famous song ot the communst—
the man who proclaims all workers brothers and deHes the boundaries ot states and nations. When
they tired of the song they hooted
Clemeanceau, "the tiger" savior
of France.
Gendarmes Are Silent.
With the silent gendarmes looking on, chained to the curbs by
the hlgherups, who were quick to
pulse the temper of the throng,
theBe thousands traversed unmolested a great section of Parts
Sunday afternoon. Wise men sat
In many corners Sunday night and
Monday and tried their best to
put a microscopic glass upon lt
all and hunt the source whence It
The Inspiration was a casual
matter to the Americans in Paris,
but to the Frenchman, ln whose
heart smolders a protest of. many
weary years, the occasion centered In Juares, the martyred
leader ot socialism. His slayer
was recently acquitted. Many
marchers on Sunday undoubtedly
believed that Vllllan escaped the
guillotine because the jury was of
the hated "bourgeois" or middle
clasa ot wealth and influence.
Believe It Anyhow.
It Is quite probable that there
is not a lick of truth in such an
assumption, but the workers under the red banners have believed
It more or less. Sunday's parade had as Its announced purpose the delivery to Juares' home
ot floral wreaths, and of a red
bannered demonstration to his
monument farther down the Ave*
nue Henry Martin. Both were
And in so doing for the flrst
time in long forgotten years the
red flag of the commune was
flaunted proudly and fearlessly ln
For the Brat time In long forgotten years soldiers of France In
uniform—privates, captains, commandants, colonels — marched
openly through the streets of
Paris arm In arm with civilians,
and In ranks above which floated
no tricolor. The one flag was a
red flag—and no police dared to
raise a hand.
No Cavalry Charge.
For the Ilrst time since years
not forgotten—for lt was 1870—
there echoed down the streets of
Paris the unbroken verses of the
"Internationale." It has been tried
before and Just as surely camo
charging cavalry and broken
heads and sabered backs. But
Sunday (he marchers sang it, every line—and then they hooted
This ln Paris, where sits the
peace conference. This In a nntion were built to the "Tiger of
France." This against the premier who, ln 1870, was himself a
communist and who was tried and
sentenced for his activities at the
time as representative of the
same spirit of protest against
things that were.
Our car beat the parade's head
up the Avenue Malakoff behind
the march through the Avenue
Henry Martin and down the quiet
Rue Eugene de la Croix to the little court in which nestles the
Jaures home. "Prommander Walk"
(Continued on page 8)
lower wages, that it affected all thc
workers, and tho council had no desire to take any slain at tho Comrades.
Del. Smith asked the delegation
if the Comrades had any connection
with the Khaki Union. Mr. Gothard
replied that they had turned this
organization down cold.
Del. Smith then referred to the
0. P. B. and tho wages being paid
at Kicking Horse Pan, which were
leas than town ratea, and that-the
Khaki Union was sending mon
there. President Winch stated that
thc council was gratified to know
that the Comrados were willing to
co-operate with labor, and announced
that a mooting of returned men and
labor would be held in the Avenue
Theatre on Monday evening to discuss the many matters affecting the
two sections of tho workers. Mr.
Oothard replied by stating that the
Comrades desired to co-operate with
The notice of motion to amend
tho constitution to provide for thc
voting of sums of money over fifty
dollars, without a notice of motion,
was read a' third timo and adopted.
Dol. Youngash asked how the
World had secured the', .verbatim report of the Cnlgary Conferenco. Del.
Wells replied that the roport was
published in tho Tribune at Winnipeg, and that had it not boen published by that paper, tho committee
would have published it, nnd it
would have been common property.
Thc council adjourned at §.60 p.m.
("•MD 11.50 PER YEAR
The World's Unrest Dealt
With at Sunday
We are living on one of the most
Interesting and important periods
in the world's history. The unrest
which is so plainly obvious In every
part of the world, but particularly
In Europe, Is exercising the minds
of many of the so called "great"
and also the rank and file. Various
reasons are being advanced for
these psychological disturbances,
some correct but the greater portion incorrect. As a matter of fact
the human race is experiencing the
travail of the rebirth of society. It
Is the function of the SociaUst
Party of Canada to point out the
causes of the different phenomena
existing In society and what It Ib
tending to.
W. W. Lefeaux, who is an able-
exponent of Socialism, will be the
speaker at the propaganda meeting
of the S. P. C, to be held In the
Empress Theatre next Sunday even-
Ing at 8 p.m. Doors open at 7.30.
All are welcome.
Engineers Locat 620
Ten new members joined up during the past week, among them being four returned soldiers.
It appears that some of the mill
owners are desirous of living up to
their promise to give thoir employees wko wero overseas tbe samo
old job baek again.
As tho hours worked by the engineers In the mills were from 10
to 13 hours per day, and the wages
were in some coses less por hour
than that paid for unskilled labor,
it is no wonder that the mill owners are so patriotic in endeavoring
to get their former employees to go
back to the old job and the old conditions.
During the past yoar, however,
the stationary engineers working in
the mills havo become organized
and established the eight-hour day
and also increased wages per hour.
Members of Local 020 desire
therefore to co-operate with any engineers who have been overseas
with a view to assisting them in
getting at least the full union rates
and conditions that have boon established during their absence in
French   Newspaper  Comments  on
Bourgeoise Justice.
(From Lo PoluUtire, Paris, March
Our comrade, Eugene Victor
Debs, leader of the American Socialist Party, has been condemned
to ten years in prison under a
barbarous law called the Espion
age Act, which allows arbitrary
commitments of the enemies of the
Having made an appeal from
this Iniquity before the Supreme
Court at Washington, Debs has
had his verdict confirmed,
The ferocity of the courts of the
United States to the service of the
Bourgeoise, who tremble before the
spectre of Bolshevism, Ib preparing for a terrible tomorrow. We
know that, recently, leading American Socialists—Berger, Engdab,
Germer, Kruse and Tucker—were
condemned to twenty years In
prison by the Chicago court. This
verdict, coming after the multitude
of sentences which have been hurled against the industrial workers
(I. W. W.) cannot fail to quicken
the current of revolt among the
masses of the people. We will hear
more of this later.
Machinists Ladles AuU'ary
At tho Begular meeting on April
17 much: new business was done in
relief work, this lodgo having reports brought in of new cases in
distress, and the ladies are doing
their bost to help all machinist cases
that come undor. their notice. Sisters having books of tickets for the
embroidered cushion to be raffled
are ashed to send in their books to
the. convener before the 24th of tho
month. ' This auxiliary will gldaly
welcome any.new members, relatives
of any member's of the machinists'
locals. Meetings every first and
third Thursday.
Columbus, Ohio—Conl miners havo
won Witiir long fight for legislation
lhat will compel operators to maintain wash houses at the mines.
The 0. B. U. Discussed at
tke Capital
Tie afternoon meeting at the
Pantages Theatre, Victoria, last
Sunday, vas largely attended by,
the memberB of local trades
unions. That the subject under
discussion was lull of interest was
shown by the large number ot
Questions the speakers were faced
with at the conclusion of thoir
Before introducing the speakers,
the chairman, Mr J. Stevenson,
said a great change had come
over the world since the war
ended. The relationship men
found themselves placed In today
called for a change ln the industrial organization of the workers
in order to meet the new conditions. He outlined the steps
taken towards this formation by
the local unions, the action thereon by the B. C. Federation of Labor at Calgary ond the subsequent endorsement of tbe principle of One Dig Union by the
Western Conference composed ot
the workers of British Columbia,
Alberta, Saakatcbewan* and Manitoba, the meeting today was held
to Intelligently prepare the worker for the referendum which was
about to be submitted to them.
The master class are frowning
upon the One Big Union and this
he considered one of its strongest recommendations.
Joseph Taylor, vice-president of
the B. C. Federation of I-abor,
the first speaker, referred to the re*
actionary attitude of the eastern
mind compared with that of the
west. The studied indifference to
western demands for progressive
legislation was Indicated by the dissatisfaction which now exists. Time
and again we have been properly
sat upon until circumstances forced
us to adopt other measures for obtaining redress. The Calgary Convention was an outcome of the
agitation which followed and he was
agreeably surprised with results.
Two hundred and fifty-two delegates, representing sections trom
Victoria to Fort Arthur, took their
seats at the convention aud almost
to a man the demand went not for
legislation but for organization. The
workers expressed themselves as
tired of going to the boas, hat In
hand, asking for something. The
convention decided to reverse the
relationships by changing its composition and relying upon Its economic strength. Policies and poll
ticians had failed them and it was
resolved hereafter to go after the
cheeso, the wholo cheese and nothing but the cheese. This policy was
later adopted at the Western Con*
ference of the four western provinces held at Calgary. It ts a movement coming from the bottom up,
not from thc top down.
J. Kovnnaugli, President of tho
B. C. Federation of Lnbor, in his
opening remarks referred to tbe
conditions prevailing fn this country at the outbreak of the war.
Bread lines existed in every city
all over the North American con*
tinent. Owing to tho widespread
unemployment, organization fell to
low ebb. Whou war broke out
the bread lines disappeared, the
surplus labor was takon up ln the
enlisting of men and speeding up of
the Industries for war needs. With
the press of war work, organization
became the manifest wish of the
workers who .banded, together for
the purpose of assisting each other
In a mutual protection of interest.
his organizing of the workers continued with the progress ot tho war,
reaching Its presont state as a re*
suit of the conditions named. When
the war ended contracts were cancelled, work stopped and largo
bodies of men thrown out of employment. The worker has no desire to go back to the bread line of
pre-war days; ho wants to retain
his organization in ordor to give
him security against the conditions
which ho has passed through. The
war took forty-five millions of hands
from productive Industry, leaving
a small proportion of workers engaged In producing all tho requirements of this destructive force and
their own needs as well. If production ln the hands of a few could
produce such results,. what could
he accomplished by employing thc
whole number in creative Instead
of destructive enterprise? Instead
of reverting to bread lines or a reduction of wuges the Calgary Convention resolved to Inaugurate the
industrial torm ot organization
which you have here presented to
(Continued ou Page Right)
Men   at  Princeton  Are
Standing Firm for
The Princeton situation is exceedingly good, the men standing solid
for an eight-hour day and a living
wage. They have organized a district office of the B. C. L. U, with
fellow' worker R. Baxter as secretary, rented a hall for headquarters,
and.are installing a complcto office
equipment to handle the local membership, which already totals 600,
with- the certainty of that number
being easily doubled in the immediate future. They have started
their own commissariat, and are
inakin'g arrangements for a long
overy; arrangomoat for a long
fight, ;if that is what the boss is
looking for.   The spirit of the men
splendid, and they havo a keen
grasp; of the necessity of basing
their 'flght for emancipation upon
tho bedrocks of organisation and
education. Three hundred dollars
has b>en collected locally for relief purposes.
Sunday's meeting was the shortest q\% record, the bright sunny day
doubtless making the membera feel
decijous of being' out in the open,
A -Communication asking for endorsatlon * of the exclusion of Oriental immigrants, especially Hindu
women, wp.s filed. The branch at
Michel' wrote giving particulars of
(heir strike ugainst the nine-hour
dny, * und declaring their intention
of staying with tbe scrap until they
had obtained the desired end. Questions of a legal nature combined in
their fetter wore sent on to the legal advisors with instructions to reply direct to Michel branch.
It is Veil to point ont to town
membors that mutters upon which
they need legal advice or assistance
must go through headquarters.
Bro. Kavanagh, who went to Port
Alberni to address an organization
meeting on behalf of the union, reported excellent results. A full
statement concerning thc meeting
will bc given under a separate heading in this week's issue of the Fed.
The Cranbrook matter is being
followed up_ through the legal representatives, and further information will shortly be given as to
what steps have been taken to safeguard the. interests of organized
labor against any such action in the
future, and to let those who were
so anxious to function on behalf of
tho opponents of lobor carry the responsibility for their action.
,'flie membership is now within
easy reach of thc 4000 mark, nnd
delegates in many large camps are
reporting practically a hundred per
eent. organization. As near as cnn
be [estimated, it would appear that
another thousand men, or thereabouts, possibly two thousand at. the
outside, on the coast, have yet to bc
orgunized. Then, wilh a little more
direct attention to the short leg (lis-
tricls, should, in a very short time,
give a solid budy of camp workers
in the province. On tbe job every
meuiher should realize that he is an
organizer, nnd whilst there is any
worker unorganized there is a possiblo source of strength to the boss.
During the week several matters
have been tuken up with the employers, particularly with one of thc
large outfits, and, as a result, it is
expected that in thu very near future considerable improvement will
take place in thc conditions existing
in the camps. Questions relating to
Powell River Hospital were discussed with Dr. Henderson and any
ember who has uuy matter in connection    with    this    establish m ent
bidi he desires to 'be taken up,
should send full particulars to head-
Milk Drivers and Dairy Employees
-ThiB local will meet noxt Friday
April 25. As n wage scale is to be
presented to the meeting, a good
attendance is'expeetcd. Bunders of
thc Fed. will bo interested to. hear
that Turner's Dairy cunie through
with a-mouth's wages for a member
who wus fired without notice, after
the union had decided to take'up
the case and fight it. Workers in
Cough Inn's yard are reminded that
the milk thoy are drinking "is not
delivered by a union firm.
'The Class Struggle" WiU
Be Subject at Labor
Party Meeting
In days when there** is suoh marked confusion of ideas it is opportune that Kingsley should be billed
on tho above subject. That there
will bo a crowded house is a foregone conclusion.
Woodsworth will travel to Victoria on Sunday and Dr. Curry will
be the speaker at tho New Westminster meeting.
Sunday next will bc the last day
this season for the school, whieh
will be suspended until -first Sunday
in October. Arrangements for
choral practice which has boen held
aftor the school, will be announced
An organization meeting will be
held at Broadway School, East Burnaby, on Thursday, May 1. On
Wednesday, April 30,    the    North
Teamsters and Chauffeurs .
Next. meeting Wednesday, April
23. All members arc hereby not'
tied that ull ballots are now in.the
mails for the One Big Union. The
ballot closes April 25, and if you
hnve not yet got yours you should
ripply to thc office right away.
Major Burde on Attempt
to Divide Soldiers
and Workers
Need   for  Organization
and. Education  Is
Pointed Out
A largo audienco assembled in the
local theatro to hear J. Kavanagh
givo a talk on tho need of education
and organisation among tho work-
era. Major Diek Burde officiated an
In introducing the speaker, the
chairman said that much had been
said about Mr. Kavanagh in the
dally prcas, but that no ono ahould
bo judged by what the press said
about them, as he was also subject
to being incorrectly reported. He
did not know what Mr. Kavanagh
was going to talk about, but he had
asked him, in view of tha comments
on tho Bolsheviki resolution passed
at the Calgary conference, to explain tho situation. Ho had become
cognizant, as the result of conversations around the parliament buildings that underground methods
wero being used to set tho returned
men against organized labor. He
asked tho audienco to liston carefully and judge for themselves aa
to what kind of man Kavanagh waa.
Ho pointed out that the speaker represented 28,000 workers in British
Comrado Kavanagh said ho had*
como principally to speak on tho
need of organisation and education
among tho workors; the situation
now confronting the workers of this
country was worse than any which
had doue in tho past. Prior to the
outbreak of war, breadlines had
been in existence in every city of
any'size on the continent. With tho
outbreak of war, this condition had
becomo intensified, until the needs
of tho war market commenced to
speed up -production. Men were
tnken from industry and placed in
tho army. * Tho comparative shortage of labor duo to the building up
of a largo army and tho increasing
demand for munitions of war, built
up the trade unions, whose membership had fallen off as a result of
tho industrial depression.
A general survey of dovolopinont
during the war was given out, and
tho sneaker thon gave an outline of
Law and Order Is Not the
Slogan in the Slocan
G.W.V.A. Members Are
Flaying Into Hands
of Capital
The following aeeonnt of the recent happenings at SMvarton, written by George Stirling, organizer
ot the Federated Labor Party,
will be of lntereat to the workers
at this time, when there la ao
ranch talk of capital and labor
getting together, and eseclally following the Trail and Cranbrook
incidents. That the. recent happenings at Silverton bear the earmarks of the raining company
activities againat Roberta, will he
appreciated, when It la remembered that thia same outfit had
trouble last year over the hospital arrangement! under the Workmen's Compensation Act, and that
Roberts waa charged with seditious utterances, but was found
not guilty. What a heaven It
would be If ofly Roberta wu
eliminated, la the view of thla outfit, but Roberts will not be eliminated, but will continue to carry
out the work of the miners' organization. The matter Is being
dealt with hy the Executive of
the British Columbia Federation
of Labor.
Shortly after my arrival at Silverton on Thursday, April 10th, I
went to the office ot the aeeretary of the Miners' Union, T. B.
Roberta, and there met Joaeph
Naylor.. As he and I had both
struck Silverton at tha aame time.
It was thought, hy the local committee to be expedient te hold a
Joint meeting, aa the miners were
up In the hills and the roads being bad, could not be expected to
make two long journeys In the
samo week.
Whilst sitting there ln the office we were visited by a deputation ot the Slocan Branch ot the
G.W.V.A., who immediately began
in an Insulting and domineering
fashion to question ua.
"Are you Mr. Naylor?   Yea."   ...
"Are yon Mr. Oeo. Stirling?
"Are you Mr. T. B. Roberta?
'Then we have to  Inform you
Wednesday, April oo,   we   nonn     ~   f.^*..    -^ rf    t   the oat Q.W.VA. of the Sloean haa
VJ^:i'^t:^t^.\*°^ SS^SSTwiSitS -J**-***-***- .«j»t your meeting  ahall
gathering   to   wind up the season Cu!e*,ry. - ,,    .,  ~   i
» - fi K.    . - out that for years the Idea of an in
dustrial union had been endoned by
for indoor meetings.   MemberB   of
othor local branches are invited.
Tho war-time experiences of Or
ganizer Stirling are related in another column in this issue and probably more will be heard from Silverton later. Another locul bus
been organized at Ainsworth, witb
a good charter roll.
Local 617, JJ. B. Carpenters
The abovo local of Carpenters is
holding a special meeting on Friday
April 25, to discuss nud voto on tho
six-hour day proposition, also the
One Big Union, and every member
who absents himsolf will bc fined
one dollar. At the Inst meeting this
local adopted a resolution condemning tho attitude of the Trades and
Labor Council in asking for Bro.
G. Hardy's resignation from thc executive of the council. Tho local
endorsed the principles, outlined in
circular received from the Soldiers
and Sailors' Club. Local 617 announces with regret the denth of
Bro. B. H. Toung, who died from
thc result of nn uccident recently.
Socialists nnd Unionists paraded
the streets of Paris by the thousands
in protest, agninst the acquittal of
Raoul Villiaii, the assassin of .Tenn
Jaures, the great Socialist loader,
who wns slain for his anti-war stand
at the beginning of the wnr, 1D14.
Mies Outterldge Address Oil Workers on Question of the
The regular meeting wns held on
the 15th, The usual routine' business wns transacted, several new
meinhers were initiated, ami afterwards the lodge wns thrown open
to a social evening,
"•resident B. C. Wliitlaw occupied
the choir. After a fow remarks on
the necessity of orgnnized lubor,
und his gratification nl the lnrge
number of ladies present, lie proceeded wilh the splendid programme the'committee lind success-
fully arranged.
Mrs. White and Mr. Clayton gave
some very pleasing selections on the
piano and violin. Mr. T. King sang
thut soothing son-tinde; Mrs.
Bntchelor, song, "Come Sing lo
Me;" Mr. Marsden u rending in
Lancashire dialect, who also recited
by special request "The Wreck of
the  Armored Tram;" Mrs.   Hurst,
ng, "I Am Sorrv You Made Me
President* Whitlnw then introduced thc principal speaker of thc
evening, Miss Gutteridge of Vuneouver.
Miss Gutteridge spoke very interestingly ou the position of the women in the industrial world during tho
pnst lfiO years, nnd she earnestly requested them on the need of closer
cooperation with organized lnbor.
She advised the ladies to take more
interest in the election of tbeir representatives lo thc government nnd
not sit still and let George do it.
She mnde :i splendid impression on
members und visilors.
Mr. Martin, song, "Tho Skipper;" Mrs. T. King, song, "The Ra-
diancc of Your Kyes;" Mr. Singleton, song, "Sleep in tho Deep."
Refreshments were then served,
nnd nfter a few closing remurks by
the chairmnn, u very enjoyable
OVonlng concluded by singini
'Auld Lang Syne."
th-e Labor movement of this country, but that no attempt had bean
made to tako any action along that
line. At the Calgary ooTivwiti-ur.,
however, several delegatea had Btitl-
cd that if* somo action along this
line was not taken, thoy would recommend to their unions Ihe advisability of withdrawing from the Fed
orotion ,as thoy were tireq' of spending money in order to pliHS residu
As a result tho resolution favoring the severing of internationnl affiliations and thc forming of one
big union for all workers was adopted almost unanimously. The six-
hour day proposal is put forward in
order to attempt to ease thc unemployed situation, which is becoming
worse as'the troops are becoming
demobilized. This will not solve any
problem that ennnot be solved whilo
this system continues, but tho workers uro desirous of preventing, if
possible, the food riots and consequent bloodshed which will tnke
place if some menns of casing tho
situation is uot instituted. This ean
only be done by combined effort on
tho part of tho rctruning mon and
organized labor. The soldiers were
workers before they went overseas,
and they are workers now that thoy
are back. Their problem is the
common problem of Labor, and can
only be solved by Lahor. The fiunn-
int interests of this eountry would
sucriflco the lives nnd the wives and
children of the workers before they
would sacrifice one cent of their profits. •
Much discussion and adverse criti-
ism had arisen becnuse of the
greetings sent to the Bolsheviki and
the Spartacans, Who were the
Spartacans! They aro thnt group of
revolutionaries in -Gerniuny who
have—ever since the stnrt of the
war—consistently ami persistently
opposed the militaristic group aud
the junker crowd in Germany. Their
spokesmen huve all been in jail;
they huve culled strikes against Ihe
continuance of the junker military
policy, Those who nre Opposed to
the Spartacans, must favor the Kb*
ert-Pchi edema tin group, who supported the Kaiser, nnd consequently
musl  favor the Kaiser.
The offer of the Bolshevik admin-
Istration to continue the war agoinsl
Germany rathor than submit to the
terms of the treaty of Brest-Litovsk
ns stnted by Senator Johnson of California in the United Stntes Senate,
nd the failure of the Allies to reply, wus referred to.
Tho* need of sound education in
order to prevent premature outbreaks on the part of tho workers,
the possibility of agents-provocuteur
being lifted by the fiiinuciul interests
ii oriler to have the excuse to
crush the workers—thc relative positions of Cnnada and the United
Stntes, nnd tlio need of extensive
working class propaganda in order
that the change may take place with
the least possible friction, was also
dealt with.
After the speaker Wa sthrough,
the chiiirmnn snid he was very pleased to have been chnirnian of the
nieeting, an it had cleared up many
matters hi which he hnd been in
doubt, and he Itnd no doubt muny
of the audience hud benefited in the
same wny.
All members nre hereby notified
thnt a special meeting will bo held
on Monday evening, April 28th; ut
8 p.m. As the new ngreement is to
bo discussed, all members are ie
quested to attend,
not be held tonight, and that na
you nre nil undesirable cltlaena
you leave town by this afternoon's
I   Immediately   chnltoniftt ' the
spenker  for  bis  evidence  that  I
was an underslrable citizen.    He
said, "You are a momber of the
O.B.U."    I  said,   "I   om  not"     He
said, "Were you  not at the Cnlgary conference?"    I  said.' "No."
I   informed   them   that   I'had   no
connection whatever wltb the Calgary conference,  but that I rep-
resented    the    Federated     labor
Party.   He said, "You are la sympathy with Bolsherfcun?"   I asked
him  what he meant.    He  didn't
know and wasn't there to argue.
He  said, "You  are  in  bnd  company, anyway, ln the presence of
these men" (meaning Joe Naylor
and Tommy Roberts). " I snld you
are In the same company."He then
"It Is easy to see that Stirling  Is  In   sympathy  with  these
men, therefore, I move he Is deported from Silverton along with
the   others."    One   member   suggested that they discuss my case
lator   and   proceeded   to   Inform
Naylor   and    Roberts   thnt   they
must get out at once.
T. B. Roberts then Informed
them that he was tn charge of the
finances of the Minera' Union and
that sooner than be brought back
by the police on a charge of theft
of the union funds, he would die
In the street. It was then proposed to give him 24 hours. It
was not enough, said Roberts.
How much, then, a week? I don't
"I move that he be given till
April 2lst," said one war veteran
named Morrison. "I second," snld
another, and It was curried that
the union secretary be deported
from Silverton on April 2tst for
the heinous crime of being in
sympathy with Jos. Naylor and
the Onc Rig Union.
Tho Veterans thon adjourned
uud discussed me, and the Federated Ubor Party meeting called
for the evening, and returned ln
about twenty minutes and presented me with a resolution, of
which the following Is a true
"Silverton, April 10th, 1919.
"At a meeting of the G.W.V.A.,
Slocan llmni'h, held at Silverton
today, It was moved by W. B.
(iiiiiii. seconded by M. McLeod,
and unanimously carried;
"That, whereas, Mr. Stirling,
who claims to be a representative
of the Federated Ubor Party, had
intended to speak with Mr. Nnylor,
ot the so-called One Great Union,
at. a public meeting at which the
social revolution wns to be discussed;
"Be It Therefore Resolved That
we, the Great War Veterans' Association, while expressing sympathy with responsible organised
labor, feel that lt Is not In tbe
best interests of labor that this
meeting bo held;
"Further Be It Resolved, That
we extend to Mr. Stirling an invitation to address a meeting at
Silverton nt a later date, on or
nfter 21st day of April, Ifllfl, tho
expense to bo defrayed by the
"(Signed)   J.  H. yRurgess,
"Georgo B. Morrison,
I nsked  the secretary If he believed   in  law and  order,    lie  replied,  "Yes."    "Would  you.  then,"
! snid. "come with mo to tho constable   and   hnvo   this   resolution
endorsed?"    He   agreed,   and   to-
fContinued on Page 8) Men's High Grade $32, $35, $38, $40
Tremendous value. Saturday aad Monday in this gnat clean-up
Trade Upstairs and Save Your Dollars
Arnold & Quigley
"The Store That's Always Busy"
Canada Feot Beard License Na. 8-2877.
The Future of tie
**-.****« ****** ****** ******
Shop Steward's System
In the Manchester Guardian | f
"Wtat is likely to be the future of ♦respective of society) by
•Hec-nt Marrowfat Pom, 3 llu. Me
pi-uit Pml Bart.*-, 8 lb, 26c
Fluent Split Pen, I lbs tie
'Kneat Wl.il. Besai, > ID. 86c
Pineal Brown Baens, S lba. ....Mc .
. rinaat Whin Sato. 0 lba.  Me I
Finest Sardines, S for - -SS*
Fto.it Macaroni,  2 far .. Me
Slater*. Bed Ubel Taa, ».... toe
Bin.  Blbbon  Tea.  lb.   ...... B6c
Kbbob Taa,  tt  Me
Slater Green, Labal Tea, lb SOe
Pork aad Beans, large tins, 8 for 260
Slater's Blleed Streak; Hecoa, lb. 150
Slator'a Sliced Streak. Baaoa, Ib. fiOe *
Slater's Sliced Bask Baean, Ib SSe
Slater's Sliced Boiled Ayrshire Bacon*
per  lb _ _ SOe
Slater's Siloed Ayrshire Back Bacon,
per   lb _ -..SOti
 MM    EMI    1MI	
Pineal Mo. 1 Freak. Alberta Kefs,
Res. SSa doaen, Saturdar onlr,
daaen    60c
B. 0. Freah Errs, dosee  .......SSe
Fineat Canadian Cheese, lb ...SSe
Fino,t Pare Lard, lb SSe
—hub un mm~—
Osllrlc'a Finest Belled Oata, is
6-lb. cotton sacks. Beg, 46c,
Satnrday pair. 0 lbs 8Sc
i—t—m an mini
Finest  Compound Lard,  Rag.   80c
lb, Saturdar 'mot 8 a.m. ta lt
noon,   special,   lb.   ...„ „„JWe
Limit 4 lbs.
Eddy's  matches,  bos   — ISO
Apra Jam, Ba. 4 (lu  SSe
Reindeer MHk    ...SOe
Sanllget Soap, 4 far   Me
Finest Beaf Dripping, lb.
Finest Belt Pork, lb. .
Pearlesa Cream Cbaeae. pkg. .
ms -Pi-mi
Finest Highland
br ll.SS. ~
Itocrad) ter
i   Spuds.     Rega-
tarda? onlr  (da*
 unn lunnii	
Fine Dairr Butler, lb.   46c
Fineat No. 1 Dairy, lb etc
Deii't forget onr 49c dairy batter
la good.   It is tt ter any table.
dob't roam* wa deliver toto ooods fxee
IM Ha-Wags St. E.....Phoee Sep.  3M1
SM Granville St. .....Pheee Sep. SSS
SMO Mail St. Pheae Fair. MM
roe Tieit ea den't for-
-•el  te
vieit aer aaatt
aunt—It wis pay yeu
Easter Specials
$SJQ0 $7.50 $10.00 $12.00
Named Shoes are frequently mad*
in Non-union factories
No matter what its name, unless
it beat, a plain and readable impression of ths UNION STAMP.
_U Shots wtlbsat the WnOir STAMP an tierayt Van-union
Do sot aaniat my excise for Aheanoe sf t_ Union atao*
JOBN V. TOWN, Preaident CHAS. L. BAINE, Bee.TreeS*
Tou can depend on tha
A, FISH, Pre*.
to famish you Pare Milk.
Housewives shonhl insist on
all delivery men showing
their union cards.
DOK'T un R
346 Hastings West
lien's Batten and Outfitter!
(SO Oranvillo Mnst
610 Hastings Street Wast
HEM'S SHOES in all storling
Mate—made by shoemen interna-
tioaaM-r famous. We're exacting buyare ia the
Interests of ear big
men's trade, and
•"■Ooedwie'e    Oood
thief ttere thee a. eaply phveie.
__\ wgaaw isms of mens shocs ib vax-
tuomrnt TO SELECT FBOM.    Voer iarorite laat—your
tVeeMe leather abade.
The leou hoMa tree of LADIES' ud CHILDREN'S
VOOTWIAR. -f01 -*1Tf! * selection bere of tbe dressiest
atylaa, lie newest laethera, et prises yoa cen easily iiay.
2fo eaafgeeM-Nl Sgucaa—no ftrtltlaud -mlnee.
ar nan dm mow
Goodwin Shoe Co.
tho shop steward* movementt   The
attitude  of trade   unionists   them-
aelvos towards it   varies   considerably.   Some trade union-officials regard it with  hardly-concealed hostility as the product of an anarchial
disposition to set aside established
authorities.   Others are sympathetic
but puzzled and uncertain as to its
compatibility with the older aspects
of  trade   unionism.    Among  those
directly connected with the movement thcra is more than ono conception of it.   To all probably it has
the attraction of bringing the democracy of industry quickly and directly into play; but to one section
it Beoms to stand for   little   more
than a "Ginger Group,"  while   to
another and smaller    section   who
(.havo theorized it, it seems to offer
the germs of a new industrial order, based on self-government within thc workshop and culminating in
a national guild for each industry.
An outsider must speak with be-
i.omiag diffidence. But certain points
soon) pretty clear.    First, one moy
dismiss at onee tho suggestion that
tho  shop  stowards    movement    is
merely tbo creation of those whom
the papers describe as "irresponsible agitators.''   From the beginning
of trade-union history new advance
in organization has been attributed
by its critic., to    tho    mischievous
activities of a minority   who   play
upon   the   innoeent   susceptibilities
of   "hard-headed   workmen."     It,
was to bc foreseen, therefore, that i
when the press was confronted with
tho shop stewards movemont a considerable soction of it would reproduce  thc  time-honored explanation
which has seen    service   in   overy
movoment of organized labor since
the Combination Laws.    No doubt,
like most new departures, thc shop
stewards movement appeals specially to the younger and' moro enthusiastic   spirits   in    the    trade-union
world, and has sometimes boen conducted without a due sense of responsibility to the movement as a
whole.   But, as has been suggested
already, it is a natural growth to
meet definite problems, which, if not
novol, are at least novel on their
present seale.    Aa long   as   theso
problems exist, so long will attempt!,
be  made  to  create  machinery  for
dealing with them, whether   it   is
called a "shop stewards movement"
or something else, and to  talk  as
though it w«re the    invention    of
merely   factions   malcontents,   and
thoreforc could safely be ignored or
ropressed, is ignoranco or perversity.
In the post, tho governing classes
were fond of insisting that employers had the right to "deal direct
with their own workmen" and ignore the trade union.   Today a certain section of opinion apparently
desires that they should have  the
rigjht to "deal direct with tho trade
union" and ignore their own work-;
mon.   Thc second attitude is likoly
to be found as futile as experience
has shown tho first to bo.    There
are   renl   difficulties,   which   come
largely from thc fact that not only
industry but both trnde union   organization and trade union doctrine
are in a state of somewhat rapid
transition.   But to endeavor to play
off one section in the   trade   union
world against another, however attempting a strategy, will probably
be found to bo a two-edged weapon.
Weakest Link in Trade Unionism
Socond, it does not seem probable
that the new movement   will   col-
lapse with the disappearance of tho
.{industrial   conditions   produced   by
tho war, which were the immediate
occasion of its appearance.  For one
thing, those conditions are not likely to disappear.   For another thing,
there is a good deal of truth in tho
view of those  who say that they
were its occasion   rather   than   its
caufle, and that evon had there been
no revolution in the methods of industry the appearance of something
like the present movement was to
be anticipated.   The shop stewards
movement  is,   from   one  point of
view, ono   of   tho   instruments  by
which trade unionists are groping
towards the "control of industry."
That idea has made immense strides
during the war, and is likely, in one
form or another, to be tho dominant
note of trade union activity during
the  coning   decade.    Whatever  it
nay mean—and it obviously Ib in-
Herpreted in several different ways
'—it undoubtedly implies tho exercise ia the future of a more effective voice ju the control of workshop conditions than trade unionists
have had in tho past.   The application of trade unionism to individual
workshops,  especially  in  industries
like engineering,   where   conditions
are not  standardized  aad  uniform
(as tkey are, for example, in the
cotton trade), has always boen the
weakest link in trade unionism. The
shop stowards movement- seems to
be a way of strengthening it, and
it has developed for that reason at
a tine when indaetrial changes forced tbe facts upon the notice of trado
unionists.   Whother the shop stewards movement will grow into something much larger, whether, for example, as some of its theories, suggest, it is the germ of "industrial
self-government,"  is   another   and
much more difficult'question.
Third, it is of the greatest im
portance that both trade union load
era aad the rank and file should
think out the best means hy which
tho shop stewards movement may be
related to the rest of the machinery
of trade union organisation and government. It is hot true that (as is
somoti-mes said) it represents "thc
breakdown of trade unionism." On
the contrary, it u a natural and
perfectly legitimate expression of
tho aptitude for industrial orgaatza
tion by which trade unionism was
produced. But it is true that the
very speed with which it has developed has prevented the growth
of Hoy genoral agreement as to ths
methods by which the new organisation is to be united to the ether
•lomeati in tho structure of trade
uaiontoi. It seems clew, for example, that the collective recognition of shop stewards ne having the
right to form a committee te approach the management on behalf
of all the wen in a works (a right
apparently withheld by the agreement of ftbruary, 1MT) ««*t be
won er conceded. But what Is to
be tho exaet relation of the shop
ittewwd eteeaed by the trade uuion-
sts in a pnrtico-lnr shop to the
branoh or district committee of the
The arrangement adopted
Coventry Bngineeiio-g Joint
.aunuttoe pe-ovides for election (ir-
tion of workers, and that
ih see-
  —J Stewards thus elected shall be ,iap|icd aa
official steward's card by the joint
committee, which ia the executivo
committee over them all, and ■jfrhoae
consent is necessary to any alteration in conditions. This plan seems
to have the merit of harmonizing
the shop stewards' organization with
the official machinery.
Other exponents of the movement
look farther ahead. They argue that
tho closest bond which unites men
is their common work. Thoy criticise the existing organization of
trade unionism on tho basis of
branches, on the ground that
branches are composed of men who
live in the same locality but may
work in a scoro of different shops.
They desire to replace it by one
whieh makes the unit of organization the shop or works, and builds
Jp from that foundation. In eortain
industries—for example, mining—
the chango would not be very great.
In others it would be almost revolutionary. Whether or no anything on
theso lines takes place, it seems
clear to the writer that the shop
stewards movement has come to
sta;y> and that its functions are likely to become more important in tho
near future. If that is so, the soon-1
er the fact is recognized by-the pub-1
lie, and the moro sympathetic the
thought which trade unionists themselves give to working out the status and powers of the new organizations, the more likely it is that it
will be fitted into placo in industry
without unnecessary friction—?T. in
the Manchester Guardian.
Stoty of Crime and Immorality in South
Capitalism    Without
Soul  Stands
"If I Don't Someone Else
I Will"
[By J. S. Woodsworth]
No expression is more commonly
heard. It sounds plausible hut after
al) it's a pretty poor excuse.
The thief sees his chanco, "If I
don't someone elso will," and he
steals'from the members of his own
class. The man who preys oa. human weaknesses spies his victim,
"If I don't someone else will," and
ho takes cowardly advantage of the
man who cannot resist.
The excuse will cover the worst
crime or the meanest action under
heaven. :•'   i
It.really means that the.lowest
standard of action is taken-/us ;Aiy*
standard. Because, somerthere,
someone is low onough to do a piece
of dirty work, I might as wolrt do
it myself. Surely, whon hfli-comes
to think of it, no man who has arty
respect for himself will tako. that
attitude. ' >   ■>._
The excuse of scab ethic- -Tho
organization is perfect—always
thero are a few black sheep, a few
Judases. If wo went on th-to-prin-
ciple that we might as well soil out,
or that we might as. well scab, for
"if wo didn't someone elso wiOMldi^"
where would our working clatfe',organizations bo today? i< hi
As a matter of fact the thing -is
not true. Tho other fellows are ns
honorable as I am, It ought often
to be, "If I don't nobody elso
will." By my cowardly or selfish
attitudo I'm holding up the whole
[By W. Francis Ahern, special representative in Australia]
Human lives are of little or no
account in the order of things under capitalism—indeed most of the
world economists will admit freely
that capitalism is Inhuman, and that
if it possessed a soul at all it would
not be capitalism any longer.
History — British or otherwiso —
teems with instances of human life
being soullessly sacrificed for the
sake of profits such as the records
that havo came out of the Congo
and Futumayo. But it appears that
something nearer home and certainly not yoars ago, has been happening which shocks tho sensibilities of
every Britisher, or for tho matter
of that every decent-minded citizen.
The. story of indentured labor in
tho Fiji Islands—in the South Pacific—as written by Professor Andrews, who was deputed to investigate conditions in Fiji on behalf of
the Indian government, is not only
a condemnation of callous capitalism, but a standing reproach to civilization. Professor Andrews is a
personal friend of the writer and
has recently issued his investigations in Fiji in pamphlet form for
distribution among friends who are
willing to help him expose tho hell
tnat exists under capitalism in this
far-flung possession of the British
Early in 1016 Professor Andrews
states, tho Viceroy of India announced that the indenture system j
would be brought to an end. Thc >
titfual departmental delays occurred,
but owing to indignant protests from
tho women of India tho promise to
abolish the system has boon fulfilled
and it has now ceased.
The history of this system of labor—which, happily has now been
abandoned, is a sordid story indeed.
It dates back to the days whon
slavery was forbidden and a substitute for slavo lnbor was demend-
ed ih the tropics. Among the different groups of British colonies
whero sugar was grown this demand
—and was met by the Indian government allowed the villagers of
tho plains to be exploited for labor
purposes abroad.
It is true that the moro violent
methods of tho Kanaka labor traffic—that of forcible taking labor—
wero not often resorted to in India,
but the fraud nnd treachery was
just as deep, and misery occasioned
just as acute.
Thus it came about that for more
than 80 years thousands upon thousands of innocent villagers havo
been sent out in the great immigrant ships to tbe sugar plantations
of Mauritius, Natal, Trinidad,_Brit-
Progress is  made when someone        , _ , UMWJ „,„-
has courngo enough to say, " The lish Guinea, Jamaica and Fiji. These
others can do as thoy please, I 'm miserable souls were bound over,
going to do it anyway." with  penal  consequences   to   labor
Strangely enough others are gen
ii nranon t
[I union f
J|by the
orally thinking much the same way
and sooner or later the small minority becomes a majority and the
now line of action becomes the accepted policy.
All of which train of thought was
suggested as one of tho reasons
given for the longshoremen handling ammunition for Siberia, Thore
may be good and sufficient reasons
why tho longshoremen should continue to do their bit in fighting the
Bolsheviki, hut I submit that this
ia not one of them. There is a decided suspicion that sympathy for
the Bolsheviki doesn't go as deop as
the pocket. It's hard to give up
big money!
"If I don't someone else will"—
so it's no use for me to refuse to
han<tye the stuff unless the union decides not to do so.
"If wo don't someone else will"
—tho soldiers perhaps—yet many of
tho. soldiers hnve refused to go to
Siberia, Surely the least we can do
is to back them up by refusing to
send on ammunition.
"If wo don't someone eh.e will"
-Seattle, for instance It's no
uso our taking action till alt the
unions in the district act. Is that
the principlo on which the One Big
Union is being advocated! Decidedly not! Wo are urged to aet independently and in tho hopo that
our actions will stimulate othen to
Surely we'ro not going to lot
somebody else do all the fighting,
take all the risks and make all the
sacrifices, and calculate to come in
in time to join in the shouting.
If wo 're not prepared to stand by
them, don't let us pass any move
pious resolutions of sympathy with
the Bolsheviki. We're accusing the
church people of sending guns fundi
Bibles to tho heathen, don't lot u*
send guns and resolutions to , Si-l
borinl   Out out the one or tlio other.;'
consequences to labor
for five years with an alien master
in a foreign land without any possibility of intermission or reloasc.
Even quite young children, of 11 *nd
12 years of age, were imported as
adults, and forced by law to becomo indentured when they were
strong enough to work,
But by far tho worst feature was
the unnatural sex proportion of the
emigrants. At first the sex question
was entirely ignored. Later on the
percentage of 33 women to every
100 men was required by the Indian
government by law, and then last of
all the ratio was raised to 40 por
100. Thie last proportion was still
in active operation up till a few
months ago. As late as March, 1917,
the govornment of India was still
allowing recruiters to roam about
India and by guile and cunning get
hold of the simple ignorant village
womon, Becruitcrs were still inveigling these womon into going out
to Fiji, the agents boing paid at the
rate of so much per head per woman—a higher prico being given for
a woman than a man.
Professor Andrews had a eortain
end in view in releasing his information to friends in Australia bofore returning to India. There were
certain improvements that had to
be made at once if the evils of the
indentured systems wero to be remedied. They wero matters that could
not wait indefinitely, and they were
vory simple. Tho Colonial Sugar
Company of Australia which owns
such immense properties in Fiji, and
whicb has mado immense profits out
of Fiji sugar of recent yoars, is an
Austrnlian company, carried on with
Australian capital, and conducted
by Australian business men. Its
headquqfrters are in Sydney and Fiji has been its "gold mine," chiefly owing to the unlimited supply of
cheap labor from India which it has
hitherto been able to obtain. In
fact this company has beon by far
If You Are in Favor of the O.B.U.
and you wish to render financial support to the committee in charge of the pjffiipaganda, and the taking of
the referendum vote, cu} out this coupon and mail it
with your donation to the Secretary of the Central
Committee, V. K. Midgley, Labor Temple, Vancouver,
To the Secretary of the Central Committee of the 0. B. V.
Enclosed please find the sum of $ as mj
contribution towards the propaganda aad expense in taking tho referendum vote for the O. B. U. You need not
send a receipt, and acknowledgment through The Fed-
crationiat will' be sufficient.
the greatest exploiter of India, for
laber purposes, during tha pant
twenty years.
In Fiji, its influence haa been incredibly great, and its powors almost dictatorial. It is known as
"The Company" and the Indians
speak of it as they used to speak of
the East Indian Company in India
itself. Railways, telephones, etc., belong to the sugar company, as well
as vast estates and mills. The Fiji
sugar produced by this cheap labor
forms a large past of the sugar eaten by British people.
The story of Indian women along
with their children living a life
which has become utterly degraded
by a degrading systom is one that
makes the heart ache. One would
need the hide of an elephant not to
blush with shame at tho disgusting
state of affairs revealed in the report issued by Professor Andrews to
the Indian govornment. The recruiting agent, becomes a man of power,
carries the exercise of his authority far beyond the limits of recruiting. Often he is a black-mailed
whom the villagers in India actually
bribe in order that they may live
in peace. A typical caso is that of
a villages in India named Fakhira
whose wifo and daughter were do-1]
coyed from him by the recruiting"
agent, and who offend to return
thom on the puyment of a sua of
monoy. Fakhira had not the money
nor could he borrow it. The wife
and daughter wero missing and they
were nover seen again.
Other evidence that came before
the commission conducted by Professor Andrews was equally pitiful.
A case in point: A respectable woman had been on a pilgrimage to Benares and had become confused in
the strange crowd and separated
from hor relatives. A man who saw
her crying, promised to take her to
her own people. Instead ho took hor
to the recruiting depot. When she
found out her true plight, she was
too frightened to resist. When asked
why she had answered the magistrate's quostions, she said she was
too frightened to do anything elso.
When she was asked whether sho
was agreeable to go on board ship,
and across tho sea, sho replied,
Tho conditions that happen out in
Fiji are hellish in the extreme. Murders and suicides, and violent crimes
go on with unrelieved monotony. The
murder record is going up instead of
going down. The abominable trafficking in young girls for marriago
—the selling of thom, now to one
husband, then to another is still as
rife as ever. Wives desort their husbands, and pass from one man to
another with apalling frequency.
Tho actual consummation or (so-
called) marriages with tiny girls of
nine, ten and eleven years of ago
is still constantly prnctieed and parents actually encourngo it. The fouler vices, of an unnatural kind, cannot be spoken of here, but there is
evidence of them on every hand.
One cannot, for a moment, blamo
the Indian people primarily for this.
The root of them all is the crime
ngainst humanity which has boen
perpetrated during the past 40 -years
for the sake of monetary gain, by
lho importation of labor, under unnatural conditions, without any due
regard for marriage or sex.
Beyond all these causes, yot arls
ing out of them all, there hns eome
about a sense of despair in marriage
matters among tho Indians of Fiji,
which haB led to things peing permitted und countenanced such a.»
would never be allowed for one moment in India itself. These evils
have spread like some moral plague,
and certain centres appear to be
tho plague spots from which infection and contamination go forth. In
many of tho larger coolio "lines"
especially those near tho mills, the
vicious atmosphoro seems to havo
reached the point of saturation.
Each new' family that comes out
from India nnd enters this atmosphoro seems to catch the disease.
Tho husband is told that he must
allow his wife to be used for im
moral purposes, because of the num
ht_t of men who are wifeless. It is
tho Fiji "dustur" or custom. If at
first he objects, as usually he docs,
he is told that his place is in India
and not Fiji; and in Fiji the "dustur" is such and such. The word
"dosti" (literally, friendship)
used for this relation of unmarried
mon to a married woman and in Fiji
the word "dosti" haa nearly always a bad significance..
It is out of these "dosti" rotations that nearly all tho violent
crimes among Indians oecur. The
women is nearly always the victim
Tho same evils, in a more aggravated form, are repeated in the caso
of childron, A great number of
young girls of tender ngo aro married to grown-up men, the number
of adult women being so small. This
makes a perpetual shortage of girls
for mating with those boys who
have just reached the marriageable
age. On account of this shortage in
Fiji, fathers are desperately anxious
to get brides for their sons as soon
as possible. A little girl of 8 or 9
years old will usually be chosen, and
tho marriage duly performed. But
seeing that this marriage has no
validity in the eyes of the law thc
boy's father is in continual dread
lest the girl should be given to somo
othor youth. This fear almost invariably makes the boy's father
claim that the littlo girl shall como
and live at his house, nnd cohabit
with his son, long before the age of
puborty is reached. Casos are known
in Fiji of young Indian girls of 11
and 12 bearing children that are so
diminutive as scarcely to appear hi-
hiau offspring at all. This custom
has spread like some banoful plague.
Unices the British govornment is
willing to have itself accused of
the hideous crimes of crown-colony
slavery sot down against other nations it should at once set about
putting an end to the hellishnese
that exists in Fiji. Tbere are many
things that can be done to wipe out
the horror that exists. The primary
remedial measure is to send out more
womon than men to Fiji from India,
and tht making of certain changes!
in Fiji itself. The present inden-l
tures should be cancelled and tke
whale ef the Indian labor In Fiji
declared "fret." Thia would tt
[ono* raise the self-respect of Indians
thoro, and eawra a rise in the moral
standards of living. Tlio present
coolio lino should b« abolished. De-
cont separate dwellings for married
folk should ba bwttt, If thk were
done tha mora self-respecting Indians would gladly cone to work
for the plantar for a decent wage
and proper home. Bnt very tow
having any respect for themsolves
would go and live ia the "eoolie
lines," as the ram-shackle barracks
are ealled. Then the immoral relations between Indians and Euro*
peans should bo stamped out oHo-
getbea. This, ctf ooine, could oaty
be done by tha co-operation of the
A Stylish Easter
Suit for $25.00
—Don't say it can't be done until yeu
see this line of Suits.
It comes in fine quality Serge—in ton popular eolora—made up
in the latest Spring styles—your choice of several models.
We've stocked up a full line for late Eastor buying—all colors
and sisoa on hand.
Every lady who's seen this Suit says it is a wonder
in Salt Values.
Late shipments of Coats—Dolmans and Capos—now on display—
some especially striking models.
government   and   the   sugar   com*
The children growing up should
be taken in hand, and everything
done to give them better homes, education and healthier environment.
Tho gambling and drinking habits
- Inch are now invading the dist ricts
should be supervised and restricted,
for these are rapidly infecting the
young. A far stricter censorship of
the picture shows is also needed.
The marriage laws should be drastically amended. It is truo that a
proposed marriage ordinance is being put into operation. As it now
stands it is very doubtful whother
it will check the present illegal marriages of girls of 8, 9 and 10 years
of age. There should be selection
and appointment of marriago priests
and & set age at which girls can
legally marry.
Then again the pernicious prac
tice of making money out of these
illegal marriages should be stopped.
It is woll known that marriage litigation is fostered and encouraged
for what monoy it will bring forth
to the legal gentry. If all marriago
questions were settled by an Indian
commission instead of in the law
courts, much of this would be obviated.        *
Victory, Litfe£ty or
Government .Sonds
of any description*
Cascade Mortgage A In«nst- j
mant Oo.
PatrtJnize Fedorationist   advertisers and toll them why you do so.
Bny your now suit at a union store.
Union Officials, writ, for prii
lots.  Wa
Nanaimo-Wellinf ton
$10.15 per ton
Pbone Seymour 7160
Third  Ploor.  World* Betiding,   Vancouver, B. O.
The only Union  Shop in Vanconver
Nanaimo - Wellington
(Double Screened)
ie only another guaranteed service in tke future.
The COAL you want again ud
Seymour 1441 ud tU
Matinee   2.30
Evenings  120
Reftmed Service
One Block West of Courthouse
Use of Modern Chapel ud
Funeral Parlors free to aH
Telephone Sot-bout alU
What's in a Name?
To vaudeville the word "Orpkewa"
meatu tke beat in tke worid—tt ~m-
couvtr tht
Orpheum Cafe
mesas tha best eating place ta town:
musle end dancing in the iTielaf
Drop ie any   time.    Blggaet   ae_aa
houa. ie  Vancouver.
7(1 OEAirviUB       oyp. ot-M-ewa
llcensa le. M-1TM
For Union Hen
Pbaoa Saymoir M6
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(Bnuwfck-Mko eidielar Oo.)
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Onlr White Help Inalofed
41 Huting. Street last
Our advertisers support tke Federationist. It is up to you ts Mp
port them.
Bfcydes of Real Valufr-TMaffs STANDARD
IN ASSEMBLING this Bicycle, quality has been our
first consideration. We therefore offer you an exceptionally strong wheel tt a very moderate prico.
omcuL papee num aot-
Why leave the teeth
until the last?
_ In making up your budget of expected expenses
—your "want list"—why is it that you leave the
teeth at the bottom of the list? And why is it
that the next—and the next—month sees* it still
there—with no oheck mark against it! The
truth is that although good teeth are. among the
very flrst of necessities we usually find that we
can spare money for almost anything else before
we will expend it upon the dental equipment.
We begin well—"I really mutt have my teeth
attended to this month;" and wc generally end
badly—"Well, next month." And so on. We
become acccustomed to the impaired state of the
mouth—and a little change for the worse doesn't
seem to make much difference. The effect of thc
daily-weekly-monthly neglect is cumulative. The
damage to health often comes like a hammer
blow. And still there is the dental bill to faoe
.    —as well as the doctor bill.
__ Take.yourself in hand—put "dentist"
down at* tho top of tho list—and don't
let it slip down each month. Koop
it thero until it disappears.
Phone Boy, MM
Fine Dentistry
ARE you ready for your Spring Suit? We
are showing a fine range in models to fit
every figure. Tne cloths are first-class quality,
and we stand back of every garment we sell.
Overalls, Work Shirts and Olovei in Beit Qualities
We're Men's Shoe
We are specialists in providing men with the sort of
shoes they ought to wear, and will enjoy wearing.
The new Spring Styles are ready, and they're "Some
High Cut Shoes or the new Oifords, black or tan leathers. Every
shoe has tho "Union Label."
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
S66 QRANVHiLE ST.—"Vancouver's Union Shoe Store."
■l ■   ,    '1 i ■■       	
How Mr. Hughes Tried
to Sell Workers Into
—No spring outfit, howover smart, can mako up for
teeth whieh aro unsightly because of defects.
Look over your teeth—if they sn broken or defectivo in i>— particular, tee mt—let me advise you how attention will im-jr im*
• prove your appearance.
Monty spent on your twth it a permanent investment—it means
health as wtll u lookt.
taken ia
for dental
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown asd Bridge Specialist
Comer Seymour Streot
Office Open Tueeday and Friday Evenings Until 8 o'clock
Ber. 391
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants
Ornamental snd Shade Trees, Soeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East 728 Oranvllle Stroet
Seymou 888-678 Seymour 8513
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St VV.      ::      Vancouver, B. C.
Only Once Does the Human Hand Ever
Touch a Loaf of SHELLY'S 4-X BREAD
AND tkat hand is tue hand that lifts the shaped dough
from the moulding machine to the pan in whieh it is
baked.  From the timo tho flour is placed in the dough-
mixer machinery does all the work, producing thousands of
loaves in the same time it takes tbe housewife to bake four.
Fairmont U
How   Australian   Labor
Party Rang True Is
-     Told First Time
Even in Australia, very fow people know what actually happened
botwoen W. M. Hughes and tho Australian Labor Party from tho time
Hughes returned to Australia from
England in July, 1915—then leader
of tho Australian Labor Party—till
the time when his scheme for conscripting the workers of AustraUa
was reject ed by tho labor parties'
executives. Though known to a few,
including tho writer, the following
account—which, for obvious reasons
could not be made public before—
of what happened behind closed
doors during August and September,
1915, iB now published for tho first
At th0 end of July, 1916, W. M.
Hughes, tho " Empiro suver"—as
he was called in England, landed
at Perth, Western Australin, on his
roturn from a triumphant tour of
Great Britain. His spcach to the
exclusively labor gatherings of that
city wero of thc kind that pleased
everybody. The forces in Australia
demanding. conscription interpreted
them as a definite "going ovor,"
while the opponents of conscription
were content to accept ambiguity
as an equivalent for reassurance.
From Western Australia Hughes
journeyed to Adelaide, South Australia, where ho met Senntor
Pearco (Australian minister for defense) who had been acting as prime
minister during. Hughes' absence in
England. Together they journeyed
to Melbourne, Victoria. It should
be mentioned incidentally that
Pearco had already earned the
enmity of the trades unions by his
use of tho War Precautions Act.
Hughes Meets Trouble Early
Beaching the federal capital, the
flrst thing to do was to swing the
labor party solidly behind the, ro
far, undeclared intention. Mr.
Hughes wns privately committed to.
Hughes did not want a "split,"
since it involved political dangers
he waa not prepared to faco. Even
if conscription could be pawed in
defiance of the labor party, Hughes
hoped to do it with the concurrence
of tho party. At least-that was his
purpose when his cabinet assembled
on hiB return from Britain.
It ia a fact that thc cabinet never
nt any timo took a division respecting whether it would support conscription or not. It is a furthor fact
that, for somo renson best known
to Mr. Hughes, cabinet had Auroral
meetings and dealt with numerous
other subjects, beforo ho brought
down any reference to conscription.
And tho reason why no voto wos
ever tnken is entirely because Mr.
Hughes know a mnjority of tho cabinet was hostile. As a matter of
fact, Hughes had only two supporters to conscription in his cabinet
at that date, though two otherB
went over at a later date.-**
Parliamentary Labor Party in Opposition
Any appeal to the parliamentary
party was futile because no fewer
than forty metabcrs, in addition to
the "anti-conscriptionist" ministers who remained in tho cabinet,
were altogether opposed to tho idea
of conscription.
Thus it was at a Inst straw that
Mr. Hughes deliberately sought to
get from the Stute Labor executives
a decision which would enable him
to bring the parliamentary party to
heel. By those who knew tho real
truth, his subsequent movements
and speeches were over regarded as
maBtcrpiccos of hypocrisy. Had it
not been for him, the mattor of conscription would have been disposed
of either by-a negative voto in cabinot or caucus. But ho would have
neither—certainly not until he had
had a talk with tho State Labor executives,   Tho fact that hiB "con-
: Canada rood Board:
:   License 1-1866   :
Nothing to It
—Saving money is a simple proposition.   Just "Pay Cash and Carry"
that does it.
Tea in Bulk, reg. 75c value, _fi_ —
per lb OUC
Brooms, .-string; $1.00       QK/»
valuo for  OOC
Local Honey, quart       A|   IB
jars  «P 1 e 1U
Small Bottles Local __.!__.
Honey .....'. -twC
Pickles, regular 30c OC,***,
bottle, for    -40C
Olives, per bottlo, 9C/»
10c, 16c, 20c and mwC
Baby Cream, OC_»
4 cans  tmOQ
Pacific or Buttercup lie*
Milk, 20*oz. ean for  1 1C
Coffee, fresh roasted in tho   d»|
bean or ground; 3 lbs. for «P 1
Bost Solid Pack Tomatoes, i)i
i_a; 2 cane for  OOC
Best Ashcroft Beans, Q
per lb  OC
Pearl Barley or Split Peas, e_t___
3 lbs, for OmOC
Freeh and Cured Meata at Reasonable Prlcea
S. T. Wallace's
118 HAITHr08 ST. W.-iHT. 1866
sulfations" were more an effort to
bulldoze than any thing" else, is proved by his refusal to go to Queensland because that state executive
had already expressed its opposition.
"Seeing the Light"
All this time, Hughes was making
speeches at functions promoted by
anti-Labor institutions. None of
them contained a specific statement.
At Adelaide, he "saw tho light,"
and in Melbourne and Sydney had
tho public by tho ear, because of a
series of oratorical obscurities which
hinted at everything and revealed
nothing. It was obviously the intention of Hughes to flrst attempt
to secure somo kind of a docision
from the state executives he afterwards denounces as "cliques" and
"juntas," so that his mastery of
the Parliamentary Party would be
What Happened at Melbourne
At Melbourne he approached the
Victorian executive at a memorable
gathering. Instructions had been issued to the press by the censor that
no statemont must bo published regarding the meeting except aftor
submission to the censor. It was
further ordered that no announce-]
ment was to bo publicly made as
to what transpired except that authorized by Mr. Hughes. This ox-
plains why this statement is now
being made for the first time.
For three hours Hughes sat in
the room seeking to induce the executive to support him. His arguments wero a string of suggestions.
He said he did not believe that
many men would be conscripted;
that tho war would be ovor by next
Juno (1917; that the moral effect of
Australia adopting conscription on
Germnn psychology would be tremendous; and that it would enable
him to redeem his undertakings to
the British govornment. All that
was said.
Unanimous Opposition to Hughes
It was soon very clear that however long Mr. Hughes talked, he
could not coerce tho Victorian ex*
ccutivo to the acceptance of his
policy. Not one voice outside his
own said a word in favor of conscription. Hughes went homo
high dudgcan. Despite tho fact that
he .himself announced in tho press
that a meeting of the executivo was
held not a word of the result was
allowed to appear in tho press.
Tho next move was to Sydnoy,
New South Wales. Hughes' mission
was precisely that which ho had
attempted with the Victorian Executive. Hero the censorship was
oven worse. Tho Sydney meeting
was remarkable in that Hughes put
up an entirely different caso to thc
one which failed at Melbourne. He
told a moving talo of "a white
speck in a colored ocean." It was
the solo burthen of a now song. Forgotten were the references to German psychology; the promises mado
to tho British government; the terrible menace of the Hun, and the
need of men for Europe. 4' Australia was but a few days' steam
from," etc., "The wholo course of
evolution in the Pacific had catas-
trophically come to a head" "There
was an ambassador in London who
said" "Ho said to me
"I put him off." AU these, were
said with shrugs and gestulations,
Thero wero uncompleted sentences
which suggested what thoy did not
say. It was a night when men read
what they willod into the words
which wore more ft key to a secret
door than tho confidential atatement
of a, statesman to tho chosen confidantes of his party.
The Plot Finally Beaten
Such waB the tale told with a
mask to tho labor men of Sydney.
They wcro nearer, apparently, to
the raenaco of "a few days steam"
than woro those present at Melbourne. The argument went on for
hours. A delegato sent across from
Melbourne drew attention to the
discrepencics in tho thesis the Primo
Ministor was standing for. Whon
faced with this duplicity, his answer
was a renl gem: "I hnd forgotten
one danger in seeing another; but
both arc vital."
Midnight came. Will I ever forgot it. Somebody said, "Adjourn,"
Thoy adjourned. But it appeared
that no time had been appointed
for a. resumption of tho debate.
Why not resume when all Hughes'
supporters were present, and his opponents had left! Why not. No reason at all. So they resumed. Only
the minority iu favor of conscription were present.
It happened howovor—and this is
where thc sea hath its pearls—a
quorum could not bo secured unloss
a few of the othor side nttendod.
Names were scanned and addresses
looked up. Four woro sent for. They
canto—and they brought ull thc
others with them. The resumption
waa therefore with a full assembly.
When the voto was taken, conscription was cast out as something unholy by tho New South Wales oxecutive, and Hughes left the gathering a beaten and crushed man.
How Hughes was then kicked out
of the labor party, and his policy
of conscription finally beaten by
tho people of Australia in a referendum is of course old history and
need not be ropeated here. But it
is important to note that it was
thc labor party oxecutive who rosily defeated conscription by refusing to endorse HugheB and his policy and lay at his command tho
whole of the machinery of tho labor parties throughout Australia.
Had the labor party exocutive accepted conscription a different talo
might have been told—and instead
of Australia being the old freo nation of tho world, its problem may
have been bound to the whcol of
militarism in common with the peoplo of other countries.
Accidents Lessen
Harrisburg, Pa.—Industrial accidents in Pennsylvania during February claimed fewer victims than during auy one month in the past three
yearB of the operation of the workmen 'a compenaation aet. Beporti of
11,075 workers injured, including
206 fatalities were received during
February. The next lowest record
was established In November, 1018,
with 19,650 workers reported injured, of whom 254 died. The February fatality reoord Is lower than
that of any other month since June,
1016; when 160 workeri were killed.
The Returned Men
******      ******      ******      ******
and the One Big Union
[By ex-Private O'Connor]
The Canadian government is at
present spending huge sums in advertising their reconstruction policy,
in order that the public may bo induced to believe that all is well with
the returned soldier, and that his
grievances are largely of his own
making. But the very fact that this
expenditure was thought necessary
shows that the policy of procrastination can no longer be relied on
as a means, cither of duping the
peoplo, or evading responsibility.
Th-e men in the streot knows that
"thero is something rotten in the
state of Denmark," aad he regards
this pretentions publicity campaign
aB tantamount to an admission by
the powers that bc, that they are
unable to find a remedy.
When a stroko of the pen lifts
the halo from the head of a hero
and launches him from tho economic
security of the army upon tho turbulent sen of labor, ho is at first
scarcely ablo to comprehend how
radically changed is his position in
society. For this he is not entirely
to blame, as thoso who are determined that his patriotism shall bo
kept at red-hot heat, continue on his
discharge, to enroll him in one or
other of tho soldier associations
which have as their ostensible object, the protection of the interests
of the ox-sorvice men. Onco thus
ensnared, ho is taken in hand by
skilled psychologists, to whom his
heart is qs an open book; and these
emissaries of tho master are usually gratified at seeing him make
ready response to thcir ministrations.. Thus, when ho sallies-forth
to sell his lubor power to the highest bidder his mental attitude is
somewhat different from that of the
other workers. He foolishly supposes that he is now a priviloged
person, and in a cluss hy himself;
just because tho capitalist saw fit
to dress him up in khaki, put a harness on his back, and send him off
to battle to the sound of drums. He
has'been promised so much that he
actually believes his appearance on
the stove market will caueo a general- stampede for his services. Such
a * frame of mind would afford
amusement, if it were not so tragic
ally pathetic.
tfhc civilian, of a fow years ago
w&s of course whipped into the
ftfttiy by the ruthless application of
tho-hUh of poverty, wielded by the
disciples of tho god of greed; and
hv*order that he might rcaeh top-
notch! efficiency as a soldier, he was
told, timo and again that, on tho expiration of his service, tho country
would receive him with open arms
and that those who control the
mbuns of production, would pay him
a fat price for his labor. He soon
discovered, however, that theso
promises were mado only to be
broken, and that with his health and
strength impaired by the rigors of
warfare, ho is no longer Ofi aocept-
sacrifico   on   tho   altar   of
profit as he was beforo enlistment.
His disillusionment is swift and
sure. After spending a few woohs
vainlcssly hawking his labor
around from place to place, tho ex-
service man begins to inquire why
ho went forth with a gun in his
hand and murder in his heart, to
slay some human beings whom ho
had never seen, with whom he had
no personal quarrel, and at tho behest of those who now deny him tho
right to live. Ho waB told that he
was fighting for freedom, hut he
now realizes that the only freodom
he has is thc freedom to starve, and
that what ho really fought for was
to porpctuate a system which keeps
himself aud his brothers of the
working class in subjection.
A fow instances will suffice to
show thnt the treatment nccorded
the returned mon, is exactly similnr
to that meted out to all othors who
are compelled to soil their labor
power, and who aro not organized
on thc industrial field.
A prominent capitalist of this
city who is never tired of asserting thut he is being victimized by
his employees, stated somo time
ago that hie had tho interest of tho
ex-service men at heart. He has a
very peculiar way of demonstrating
his affection; for at his plant are
men broken in tho war whom he
compels to work twelve hours a day
for twenty-six conts an hour. Many
of these men aro tradesmen whoso
earning power has been reduced
through disabilities incurred at the
front; und thiB exploiter, taking advantage of thc fact that they draw
monthly pittance from the governmont, pays them a wago far beneath thut received by the despised
Orieutol. We have no doubt that,
us the competition amongst tho incapacitated grows keener, these
patt'hed up remnants of humanity
will bo found accepting an even
niui<h lower scale. Such Is thc reward of patriotism Up North last
Bummer a large Vancouver firm employed several hundred men. They
were engaged in loading scows with
heavy lumber.  They were forced to
Jrork twelve hours per day, and
fien at night. The word "forced"
is used advisedly, as refusal meant
Instant discharge. All had just loft
the army and were badly in need of
money; but this did not weigh with
employer, for as booh us tho
■finding season closed ho replaced
,th4ni all with Japanese, who were
willing to work for a lower rate.
Still another instance—The writer recently occasioned to apply to
a temporary gentleman occupying a
permanent government job for permission to assist him in his offlce.
The latter admittedly needed help,
ts he had previously sent out a distress call for some. But he was apparently unwilling to pay for It,
for after closely questioning the
writor ns to his antecedents, and requiring hint to give actual demonstration tbat he could push a quill
Ln fair company, this hide-hound
bureaucrat delivered himself oome-
what dogmatically of the opinion
that one hundred dollars a month
was au oxhorbitant figure for work
of this nature. His attention was
drawn in vain to the faet that the
.id the principlo
enunciated by organizod labor during tho poitoffice striko lost  sum-
Jto support a family. It was not
difficult to follow tho working of
his mind. He regarded labor as a
commodity, puro and simple, though
he would havo resented the suggestion had it been made by another.
Illustrations such as those might be
multiplied to show that tho returned soldiers do not receive preferential treatment on the industrial
field. The price of their labor-power aB of all other commodities, is
regulated by supply and demand;
but it is scarcely necessary to point
this out to thoso who have come
to realizo that tho official welcome
tendered to the troops on their return is inspired, solely by tho pros-
peet of tho roduction in wagos
which is anticipated by the employers ae a result of their roturn.
The capitalists are at present just
biding their time and waiting until tho demobilization of tho army
lets looso a deluge of unemployed
on an overcrowded labor market.
Then mon can bc hired for a song;
a living wage will be a thing unknown, and all labor agitation will
bo relentlessly crushed. Such is the
programme of the vampires who
now control the nation's wealth.
Tho first stop will be an attompt
to sow dissension in the ranks of
organized labor. This . course becomes doubly necessary aB apparently the union men have Been the
error of their ways, and hav-e now
resolved that thc craft unionism,
which, whilo protecting some workers, discriminated against others,
shall be abolished, and that in its
placo shall bo established a union
thut will embrace all. The Ono Big
Union. This is thc nightmare of tho
employers; and they are now racking thcir brains in thc hope that
tney may bo uble to devise a plan
whereby the ambition of the slaves
may be frustrated. The press has
already received its orders. The
craft unions designated during thc
war as traitorous combinations of
the enemies of the country, aro now
extolled to the skies. They arc British, they are loyal, they aro progressive, and they are bitterly opposed
to anything that smacks of revolution, Tho adherents of the Ono Big
Union, on tho other hand, arc described as violent firebrands, who
proposo to turn the city into a
shambles, and who aim at the destruction of all society. They are
foreigners, they arc Bolshevists,
they are reactionaries; and they
have no place in a country whero
we aro all to live under the golden
rule in the future. But very few
people are now deceived by the Inspired editorials, which are served
i.p for daily consumption; and as for
the ex-service men thoy regard thc
Ono Big Union as a product of thc
times, and as the war-baby born of
thc insensate greed of the parasite.
They are well aware, however, that
as tho latter recognizes his doom
in the approaching class-consciousness of his victims, ho will bend
overy effort to the end that the
"status quo" may not be disturbed
and that he may be left in the unmolested enjoyment of his plunder.
It is safo to predict that tho coming months will sec an epidemic of
labor troubles, as signs are not wanting that the present scalo of wages,
insufficient as it is, mil bo subjected to drastic reduction. Everything
is being prepared in anticipation of
such an event. Thc flrst cry raised
will be that aliens arc attempting
to dominate our industries with their
revolutionary doctrines. Next wc
will be told that Bolshevism has got
control of tho -unionB. This word
hus, of course, been invested with
a sinister significance and is now
regarded us the epitome of all thnt
is evil. If ull else fails the employers who have now, by liberal subsidies and by thc judicious distribution of favors among thcir hench-
mun, got control of the returned soldier associations, with one exception, will endeavor to get thc discharged men to do their dirty work
hy inciting them ngainst those who
would dare to assert thcir right to
a living wage. But, by that time
iu many cases thc gratuity will be
but a memory. And us our opinions
aro largely dependent on thc presence or absence of wrinkles on the
epigastric nuwcloB, it will be found
tnat even copious draughts of tag-
day soup will scurcely be sufficient
to induce the men from Franco to
take tho side of Mammon against
thcir fellow-workers,
Thoso who are accustomed to pro*
senile for our bodies, are sometimes
led to believo that they cun be
equally successful in treating our
social ills. Dr. Proctor is such a
gentleiunn, for, whilo in Ottawa recently on business connected with
his department, ho sought out the
professional politicians and gave his
unsolicited advico us to tho bost
(Continued on pnge 6)
Patronize FederationiBt   advertii- mer, that this was .the lowest wago
(toci£ «".') $1.50 PER YEAR
•iocn tuvusands of peoplo will
bave new clothee for Baiter,
thousands aud thousands of
others avoid the hustle aud
bustle incident to this festival
and eome later when they ean
get better service and more
time given to their individual
requirements. Maybe auch
people are the most truly
wise. Any way, w» taa eater
to them fully now because we
have somo new lines in.
that will appeal to ken and
women alike, and we ue
able to give you all the personal attention you ean desire—and we'll do lt, witk
 m\ pleasure.
For WOMEN,     '    For MEN,
$45 up     $35 up
The B.C. Tailoring Co.
128  HASTINGS(mw
STREET EAST      ***
For Your
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The Newest and Rest Styles
In Men's, Women's and Children's Shots
F. W. Slater's Shoes for     ■^mi-m
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Special Easter Bargains in Our Economy
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For aching limbs, weak feot or flat
feet, wear flexible, featliarwelfht arch
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from ft cast of the foot In corrected position, Worn in sny shoe. Positive comfort at once. Foot Specialist, <>K> Hastings west, Room 18 (over lS-crnt atore).
Open evenings only,
EALED TKNDER8 addressed to the
undesigned, and endorsed "Tender
for Neurological Ward, Military
Vanoouver (Shaughnessy),"
will be received until 12 o'clock noon,
Wednesday, April SO, 1919, for the construction of a Neurological Ward, Mill.
tary Hospital, Vancouvor  (Shaughnessy),
Plans and specifications can ba seen
and forms of tender obtained at the of-
lon of the Cblef Architect, Department
of Public Works, Ottawa; the Superintendent of Military Hospitals, Harper
Building, Vea-touver, B. C., and ot the
Resident Architect, Victoria, B. O.
Tenders will not bo considered unljis
id* of ths forms suppf
. irlment ind In acoordan
ditions set forth therein.
mad* of th* forms supplied bv  the Department and in accordance with the con-
Each tinder must be accompanied ly
 '-* iL  - -ihfcrterei. bank
an accepted cheque on ft
payablr '- "-* "J" -
of the bomlnloti will  ftiao
as smwrity, ot war bonds *u_ ,„,.
required to Mke up an odd amount.
Br erdsr,
m^___-_-________I Wcreti
Department tt Pgblle Works.
ccepted cheque on ft tlarttred bank
ble to the order of tbe Minister of
ie Works, equal to 10 p.c, of ttts
** SJ *■**. tlMU: W«v fioea Boeds
i ftftd cheques if
Finest Milk
Children love VALLEY DAIRY
APPROVED MILK—lut them hnvo
oil they want—it is healthful and
Thoro is a reason why VALLEY
rich and so delightful in flavor. It
la a fact that it actually exceeds
nil other Milks in body-building
qualities. VALLEY DAIRY AP-
PROVED MILK comen from but
ono herd of purebred Holstein cattle—thai famous herd pastured on
Lulu leland and belonging to J. M.
This wonderful herd of cattle receives thc vory best of care. They
nro brushed, washed and stabled in
a baru that is spotlessly clean. They
nre pastured in the luxuriant
meadows of Lulu Island and fed on
thc choicest grains,
Tke Milk ii carefully tested, cooled
Wd bottled at tk« turn. It ie
brought direct to your door In the
early hours of tho morning.
We only ask that you try a bottle
and be convinced.
Valley BpeoU]
batter tint betl
ten the brend*
Wo pound, delivered,
■I      VALLEY
faMhfced every   Friday  morning 1»y  the
B.  C. Federationist,  Lllhltud.
A.  S.  Welle Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir
St.   Tel. Exchango, Sey. 7495
After fi p.m., Seymour 7497K
Subscription Rates: United States and
Foreign, $2.00 per year; Canada, tl.&O
per year; In Vaneoaver City, -12.00
per year; to Unions subscribing in a
body, $1.2& per member per year.
Unity of Labor: the Hope of the World.
FRIDAY  April 18, 1919
AND NOW tho truth ia out. Tho
Vancouver Daily  World  has
uncovered the true purposo of
tho One Big Union.   It haa stripped
it of aU llu; trimmings, and shows
that the real  ob-
TRUTH ject of  the west-
IS c r n     conferonco
OUT. was to  substitute
tho general strike
for political action. And tho general striko to bo pulled off on June
1st, will challenge the Foderal and
Imperial and Allied govcrnntonts,
demanding the release of all political prisoners, and the withdrawal
of the Allied troops from Russia.
Verily the truth pops up in strange
places, and where it is least expected.
*      *      *
On Tueaday last the World published  a   verbatim  report  of  tho
Western   Conference   dealing   with
the most important resolutions, and
deliberations of that body.   In con*
nection with tho publication of the
proceedings of thie gathering in the
press, of  this  country,  there  is   a
story.   The Winnipeg Tribune, in its
first reports on the conference, was
so unfair, and so glaringly malicious, that the Labor men in Winnipeg started  to boycott this paper,
and as an offset to this, and with
the intention .of rogaining the goodwill of the workers, the management offered.to print the proceedings verbatim, and give to the provincial committee 20,000 copies free,
In this story there is a moral that
newspapers might well take note of
in this part of the world.
*      *      *
Now, we are not concerned aa to
the methods by which the World secured the report." Tbey havo it, and
it ie as stated, a verbatim report of
the most important part of the proceedings. But we are concerned with
the analyaia tkat preeedee tke report.    The object of the One Big
Union is to create better machinery,
for tke purpoee of securing better
conditions for worken, and ae the
six-hour day proposition is linked up
with the One Big Union proposal,
it might be ae well to state why the
workers are concerned about the reduction of hours.  It must be apparent to the meet rabid supporter of
capitalism, that the prospects in this
eountry are none too promising for
employment.   Thero are at presont
many thousands out of omploymont,
and there will he many thousands
more before tko year is out.   The
soldiers are coming baek ia thousands, aad these men are daily •welling* tke ranks of the unealployed.
It if because Labor realises the danger of a large army of unemployed,
tkat tke proposal to shorten the
working day to six hoars was first
made.   It was proposed ts a palliative meuure to prevent bread riots,
and trouble in the country from tho
actions of hungry men.   Let those
who will, close their oyes to tke faet,
but it must be faced finally, and
that fact in that men that have
fought overseas for the "Empire,"
and to make the world safe for democracy, are aot going to ait idly
by and starve.   And Labor, realizing tko   ne-teeeity   for   preventing
nob violence and rioting, took the
inly action yet taken in the attempt
j relieve the situation.     And for
taking that step, it is blamed, and
aesignated as a lot of undesirable
things, which there ie little need to
repeat here, as the workers must be
full of them if they read the daily
* *      •
To eome to the question of the
release of political prisoners. It is
true that Labor, as represented at
the Wostorn Conference, linked the
question of political prisonors, with
the siz-honr question. What is
wrong in thatf Is not tho Soviet
government of Bvssia blamed for
tho arresting of political prisoners
by the same press that now takes
Labor to task for wishing the release of political prisoners. What
was it that the nun fought for?
Pemooraey, wo are told, was the object. Can there be domocracy while
men ean be imprisoned as political
prisoners for having in their posses
sion literature that has, and still is,
in tho hands of thousands of the
citizens of this country! For having
in their possession literature that
was banned by that autocratic form
of government, known as ordersin
•oaneii which is the abrogation of
tke politieal liberties of the poople.
Lot us seo what kind of liberties
that tkey enjoy in Oreat Britain,
in regard to free speech asd a freo
press, and that country being much
nearer to the war zone, thun wc arc
en this continent. Here is thc statement of F. C. Howe, immigration
commissioner for the Port of Now
Tork. And we would not for a moment expect that this individual is
a Socialist. Returning from threo
months in Franee, Great Britain,
Belgium and Germany:
* *      *
Fredrick C. Howe, Commissioner
ol Immigration of tke Fort of Now
York, who returned recently from
throe months in Pwie aad in Eng-
lead, Belgium, Germany and Italy,
told Of «o*«Mom in Germany and
iho diflealtiei involved in bringing
about a stable condition in Burope.
Bo eaM tko thing tkat struck kin
most forcibly on returning was tbe
British, French, and American armies of occupation permit the Germans "to express their opinions,
publish proclamations and discuss
their affairs with freedom,
"It was like a plunge into cold
water to come home and find free
dom of speech under the ban and
tho press and government agencies
sitting on the throttle as though
some terrible calamity would hap*
pen if pooplo got together and dis
cussed things which some other people in authority thought ought not
to be talked about," said Mr. Howe.
"This is tive most depressing thing
about America, and the most extraordinary thing about Europe whore
ono would have supposed free discussion to be under police and official surveillance. There pooplo discussed problems of economics, industry and politics with tho utmost
"In England publie meetings
wero held from one end of tho country to tho othor. I found tho English pross discussing subjects more
frankly than the American press,
and public opinion accepting such
discussion by Labor, Socialists or
any group whatsoever, us perfectly
natural and proper. England seemed to bo ashamed of the fow instances of suppression. of freedom
of speech which had occurred, nnd
did not like to talk about thc illegal
imprisonment of thc Irish, who woro
being held, even though elected to
Parliament. That 'a the way England treats political questions, She
has so much sanity, aud believes
that orderly dovelopment can only
como about through old Anglk-Sax-
on methods of discussion and debato
on tho part of all classes. And while
relatively fow persons wero in jail
as political offenders or conscientious objectors, thero was a strong
movoment, backed by some of tho
most influential nnd conservative
people to bring about their release."
* *       *
We do not for ono moment claim
that thero is politicnl or economic
domocracy in Groat Britain. Far
from it. There are political prisoners in that land, McLean and others
being now in prison for their political activities, but from the above,
we ean well conceive that thero is
greater liberty in tho old land, than
there is in this lost oytpost of the
Empire that has just waged a war
for democracy, democracy for the
ruling clasB, however, and political
and economic bondage for the working class.
* *       *
The World would have its readers
believe, that on June 1st the workers are to start a revolution, by
challenging the Federal, etc., etc.,
governments. To say this is nonsense, is to put it mildly. The
workers realizo much more fully the
trend of modern evonts than we
could possibly believe the writers in
tho capitalistic press understand
thom. The mon representing Labor
at the Western Conferenco, realized
that Labor unorganized, and split
into small factions, was a danger in
these times, and whilo first intending to build an organization that
could better cope with industrial
conditions, than could the old form
of craft organizations, at thc same
time form an organization that
would eliminate   sectional   strikes,
of Japan if there is any interference with trade in the Chinese om*
pirc. But the Canadian wizard of
finance, Sir Thomas White, has
brought forward tho solution of
keeping the wheels of industry going, and the marketing of the
commodities produced. His method
is, to say the least, unique.
* *       *
According     to     Hansard,      Sir
Thomas, in committee, stated that it
is necessary that money should be
produced to take care of the wheat
crop, and the flour produced by our
millers, and if we huvo to lend
money to Great Britain, or any
other country, in order to .ensure
the purchase of the products of our
fields, it is tho duty of the government to do it. Later on ho stated
thut thc samo thing could be 'applied to our manufactured products.
Now what have we all been worrying about! Is it not a simple proposition! You lend me the monoy,
and I then buy your goods, and so
wo keep tho pot boiling. It is
something like taking one nnothor's
washing in. But, horrible thought,
suppose that the other fellow does
not need tho goods that wo produce,
and that he is in exactly tho samo
position as we arc in, and ho also
is seeking to keep his wheols of industry turning, and in ordor to do
so must get a markot for his product, then thc proposition docs not
look so simple, and we may find on
investigation that every country is
tn that position.
* »      *
This    week    we    learnt    that
tho Allies are demanding from
Germany, before May, 1921,
the sum of $5,000,000,000, to be
puid in monoy or in commodities.
Now we will supposo that the
amount is paid in money. Bofore
Germany can get the money she
must sell the commodities to < the
equivalent of the amount specified,
In other words, indemnities can
only be paid in commodities
wealth created by those countries
paying them. If that is so, Germany, to be able to pay the amount
demanded, will have to have access
to the world's markets. Commodities are not produced for a local
market, but for a world market, and
in order that Germany mny pay tho
indemnity sho must keep her factories going, and sho can only do so
by having access to that world market. Every nation uucLr the sun
producing surplus wealth.
That surplus must be disposed
of in order to keep the industry going in tho respective countrios. Becauso commodities are not produced
for use, but for profit, and thero
can be no profit unless there is a
market in which to dispose of them.
Tho world market is limited. There
are no further extensions that can
be made to that market. And as
the world's market has been for a
long time overstocked, and while it
is true that the war created a short-
ago in certain countries of certain
commodities, and foodstuffs, that
shortage waa largely caused by tho
fact that they could not be transported, and today the markets of
tho world are overstocked with the
produce of the farmers and the
manufacturing element in society.
This leaves us in the position that
we are faced with a similar situa
and will no doubt be used in Hungary when the elections aro held
to elect a constituent assembly, under tho direction of the Allied nations. It is a pity Sir Robert Borden eould not have had aeroplanes
in Canada at the last. Dominion
election j he had pretty nejff fcH the
machinery there is in existence to
ensure tho election of the 'One Big
Union government, but with aeroplanes novering overhead, with a
good supply of bombs on hand, the
opposition could have been entirely
May we suggest to the World,
that when labor demands tho withdrawal of tho troops from Russia,
that it is showing greater intelligence than thoso who advocate the
destruction of the Soviet Government in that land. Lloyd George
evidently realizes that there could
not be sent enough troops to accomplish the job, and also that tho
sending of a largo army would not
be tolerated by the people of the
Allied countries ,nnd that any attompt to do so would bring the coming revolution in the form of society touch nearer, and accelerate
tho proletarian movement. It is
true that every step by
military or any other operations will be mado to break
tho rulo of the proletariat in Russia,
or ony other country, but tho military method will not bo tolerated by
a poople that has spent four years
in war effort to establish democracy
and the self-determination of nations. From their friends, the
ruling class should pray to be
and petty troubles, aad which would ti(m to ^ beforo ^ wftfc
ha     thta    m-non-a     _*#*    onntrnlhrtrr    tha    ._ -..__.. ._• *_*
bo tke means of controlling the
workers from taking any precipitate
action. To say that the workers in
toad to abandon politieal' action,
shows that those that mako that
statemont, havo as yet to realize
what political action is. That industrial control will be the next step
in tko make up of society, instead
of tke government of men, no one
that understands the working elass
position will deny. And the workers realizing that which is before
them, intend to be prepared to carry
democracy to tho point, where those
that operate tke machines of wealth
produetion will control them) and
the wealth that » created. Tkat will
establish democracy. There ia no
need to foar that tho workers in
this country will bring about anar
chy. They know too well the
anarchy that prevails under the
present system of society, and realising the nature of social production, and that only by social effort
can the workers be cared for, thoy
will never adopt the methods of
their masters, and bring about a
state of anarchy in this land. If
there was any lesson needed to provent them doing this, it can be
found in Europo today, Thero
anarchy undor capitalistic rule is
completo. The mission of the workers is to bring order out of chaos,
and tbe organization of the workers
is the first step. Thc next itt to educate them, and when that is done—
if tho system does not break up,
and compel them to take steps that
they do not know where they will
lead them—before this is accomplished, then the workere will, by
orderly methods, and by intelligent
effort, create a new order that will
for evor prevent tbo reign of anarchy as it ozists today in Europe.
The World should take a little time
off from slamming the labor representatives, snd devote a little time
to gaining a knowledge of worW conditions, and the cause of thom. It
could then deal intelligently with
the questions of tko day.
HE question of getting business, and keeping tke wheels
industry turning, is the
great question of the moment, and
eclipses the questions that aro to bo,
or not to be, set*
GETTING tied at the Peace
THU Conference.     Thc
BUSINESS United Statos, as
represented b y
President Wilson, has tried to get
the situation so fixed that trading
could he resumed as soon as possible with the enemy countrios, or any
other countrios, and not very long
ago one of the U. S. senators stated
that if Great Britain earned out the
sfrnbnrgo oa American goods for any
length   ef   time,   thoro   wouM  ho
Uoodf reprisals.'' Now tho scene
diffesenoe between America aad the is changed, aad groat concern i5
countrios viottod in regard to the Jmnnrlefted by the dottoroat nations
froe discussion ot oeonomie and pit-1 aa to tko wtiviHoo of the Japanese
Heal problems.   Over fton, ko ■aidJin OUna.   Aad ** ttwoato ase at-
the added efficiency in methods of
production, which will have a
further tendency to crowd the markets with commodities, and yet
Germany muat have the right of
way in the world market beforo
she can pay the indemnity. If she
haa that preference, it must bo at
the expense of the workors in the
countries that are to receive the indemnities.
* * a
So we are in the position tkat
Germany must have the right of
way. Canada is to lend money to
other nations, so that the commodities produced hero can be disposed of, but if Gormany muat havo
the right of way, who will waat to
borrow monoy to buy the goods that
are produced here. The truth of
the matter is that the ruling class
of the world is at its wits end as
to how the inevitable collapse of
the system can be staved off. They
don't know where to turn, for the
respective groups of tho ruling class
in the different countrios, realizo
that they must heop their workors
working, or that they will be faced
with revolutions. So they argue in
a circle, and try and imagine markets that do not exist, and sooner
Uaa assist in tho ovolution -of
ciety iu a normal manner, realizing
that the death of the system will
mean their dream of profits ended,
they are bringing about such conditions as will in the order of things
bring aboat the complote destruction of tbe present system, and
chaos in its train. Such is capitalistic logic. In tke meantime the
workers aro aot botheriag so much
about the markots for the commodities that have been produced by
them, and stolon from them at the
point of production, as they are in
solving the problems of unemployment and want Thoy realise that
those problems cannot be solved un
der the present system, and that to
produce for use is the only solution
of those problems. The clau ownership of tho means of lifo must bc
eliminated, that settled, the workers
owning aad controlling tho moans
of wealth production, they will produce the things necessary to preserve lifo and comfort for themselves, and the question of whore
to dispose of the wealth created, in
order that tko wheels of industry
may bo kopt turning will be solved.
Tho lending of money to other countries to purchaso the commodities in
this or any other land, will nover
solve anything; it "may, howover,
prove tkat the ruling class does not
evon understand the system that
gives it its proflti.
Talk about capital and labor getting together; tho latest iB that a
eortain lumber compnny sent to the
labor bureau on Dunsmuir street this
week for six carpenters at GO cents
per hour, and a ten-hour day, and
five laborers at 40 cents per hour,
and a ten-hour day. Come and lot
us get together that we may devise
ways and means of creating greator
co-operation, and seo if it is not
possible for the slaves to live on a
Chink's banquet of rice and rice.
Or porhaps wo can.make it rico and
rats. This is a great country alright, alright.
The present ruling clan, while
bringing into being new weapons
of warfare, have brought te their
aid new methods of putting down
aid rebellious slaves. Ia India tkey
ar« now using aeroplanes to subdue
tke native* tbat have risen in re-
"ii   This engine of warfare is also
The editor of the Amalgamated
Society of Carponters Journal, England, has tho,following to say about
the actions of tho workers at the
last olection, and the government
that was elected:
"The gullibility of the workers
was too easily exercised. They bolieved what the Lloyd George ship-
owning, coal-owning, .landlord, and
manufacturing class told ' them
through thc capitalist press' and
from the capitalist platform.
"We wore to have no more overworked men and women None under-worked; nor woro men sua women to be found huddled together
in slums reeking with disease, if
only Lloyd George '& Co. were! again
given power to run the machine at
Westminster. It is not three months
since men and women recorded thcir
votes, and we have already,one'million unemployed. No signs df the
govornment seriously tackling! the
housing question, excepting, so! for
as it is intended to raise the rents
by 25 per cent, whilst on tfto other
hand, workmen and workwomen who
are attempting, through their industrial organizations, to reduce the
hours and increase wages are warned by the government that they are
menacing the welfare of tho community. The parliament elected in
December, 1918, is composed of the
largest combination of rich men
that has ever sat at Westminster,
and everything points to them being determined to perpetuate tho
the system that has enabled them
to becomo the rich men they are,
whatever the consequences.
"Trade-unionists organized on the
industrial fiold to protect and promote thoir interests, and who voted
against labor at the December, 1916,
election, have asked for, and de-
servo all the reaction and rebuffs
they have received, and will receive, from their capitalist friends
whom they placed in power"
This reads a little differently to
tho avorage trade journal of the
Goinpcrian type, where the policy
of reward your friends aad slap
your enemies is advocated.
that the first extraordinary favorable impressions are rather deceptive, and Dusseldorf too has its
share of the grievous aftermath of
the war and the revolution. The
city is mainly, though not exclusive*
ly, under Spartacist control, and
hore ovon more tfciui..ia.3ei!ia tutd
elsewhere one remarks the mildness
and moderation of the Gorman variety of Bolshevism, if Bolshevism
it be. '
About the worst that ean be said
of the local Spartacist rule is its soils pinprick policy towards tho bourgeoisie. But those who cry out
against a Spartacist terrorism and
misrule, while they submissively
bore far worse burdens and humiliations under the old regime, do not
deserve much sympathy. Many
pricks by the Spartaciets, such as
the suppression of nowspapers hostile to them and the enforcement of
strike pay for employers, are largely due to their own sense of weakness. They realize that their rule
cannot last long. Hence their aim*
ety to mako their power felt while
it lasts.
But as a rule this chicanery
sumes comparatively harmless forms
and works no serious permanent mischief. AH tho weok, for instance,
not only wero all tho non-Socialist
local newspapers suppressed, but tho
sale evon of Berlin and other German newspapers, with the single exception of tho Berlin Spartacist organ, Rothe Fnhiic, was prohibited
"because they only tell lies." The
only newspaper one could buy in
Dusseldorf this weok wore big Paris
and Loudon journals. Other so-called acts of terrorism, such as the
seizure of public funds, simply result from the passive resistance of
the old officials to measures which
they would have accepted as a matter of course from tho authorities
of the old regime.
Acts of Lawlessness
Acts of lawlessness, however, occasionally occur, committed by tho
rabble, who use Spartacism as a convenient cloak. Tho Spartacjsta-1
leaders realize this danger. Lately
they, havo become very cautious in
admitting new members to their
party. I myself saw at the local office of the Spartacus Party a young
workman applying for membership,
turned back because ho could not
produce satisfactory references.
Spartacist rule in Dusseldorf is
probably doomed. The municipal
elections, which were held throughout the country recently, would undoubtedly put in anothor combination of power'had not ballot boxes
been destroyed, aad ballot papors
and voten 'lists made into bonfires
by groups of civic guards acting on
their own authority on the plea of
some irregularity of procedure*. This
incident, however, only postponed,
but can not avert the end of the
Spartacus regime in Dusseldorf.
I can not dismiss Dusseldorf without referring to a subject upon
which men and women of all parties
and classes absolutely agree. Everybody complains most bitterly of the
terrible shortage of milk, the result
of cutting off supplies from the occupied left bank of the Rhine. This
area was Dusseldorf'a only source
of milk supply, and the result is said
to be an appalling^ Increase in infant mortality. People talk of the
"slaughter of innocents," and asserted that 80 per cont. of tho infants die for want of milk. Undor
the circumstances may it be suggested that this is a caso for early inquiry.
, i" m ■■ "
..Aprfl M, tm
Apparel for Men
Union Store    New Eobion
Oppose Night Work
Boston—-Failing*in thoir attempt
to securo legislation that would end
night work in thcir industry, the
Bakers Union has started a trade
union organization campaign.
Look for the clerk's button.
Spend your wages in a union store.
The World's Best Spray
Kills all insect pests-
conquers mildew—safe to
use — non - poisonous —
improves the condition of
the trees. I
%-Pints ..60c
Pints  85o
Quarts, $1.50
%-Gal., $2.50
1 Gal., $4.00
Abol Syringes
Cm-respondent  of Manchester Guardian lifts
the Veil
Aa Usual, the Terror Outcry Made to Discredit
the Workers
A terrcspondtn-t in tha Manchester Ouardian haa tha Mlowiftf to
say oa the so-called Spartacan Mr*
rorisat in Str-nany. At usaal, fhe
tales of horrors me mteh overdone,
and evidently with the intent of discrediting the growing proletarian
movement. "   '-
After a week spent in all parts at
the Bhenish-Weetfnlian eoal indue
trial area, attending Labor conferences and pithead meetings aad Miking to men ond women of all .sorts
and conditions, I have eome tb the
conclusion that Schicdoinann 's -fiorce
denunciation of Weimar of indescribable anarchy, lawlessness arid
crime in the Kuhr-Bhine country
waa very much overdone indeed.
Dusseldorf, whieh Schiedemann
singled out for his most passionate
attack as a terrible instance of
Bperacist wreckage, strikes the visitor as one of tho finest and most
prosperous and peaceful cities of
Germany. Its tranquility aad serenity, with not one uniform seen ia
the streeta aad with crowded eafes,
wine saloons, and well-stocked
stores, comes, indeed, as a relief
after Berlin's scene of desolation
and depression. Dusseldorf is doubly under the eyes of the Entente
authorities, for just outside of it the
Belgian tone of occupation, with its
flrst post on thi. side of the Rhine
bridge, and the British zone converge, the Cologao bridgehead radius reaching just to the outskirts of
Dasteldorf an ttu. bank of tke
Ask your grocer if hii clerks are
in the anion!
ramily Budget 11500
Dallas, Texas—In deciding a
wage controversy between organised painters and employees, an umpire said that the most conservative
estimate indicates that an average
family ean not be maintained on a
lower incotoo than from $1400 to
$1500 a year. Included in the umpire's findings were the following:
"The painter's trade is subject
to frequent periods of idleness and
annual earnings ara in no way related to daily wages.
"Occupational disease ia associated witk the trade."
Mr. Onion Han, do yen buy at a
union store!
"eat Wtth
coiurs TAWir BUMUM
»hb fooe nunniu
OthM Bif Attest!
"The Lie*
great emotional fait.
*~mat   AU, SSe aad Mt
The perfect' hand sprayer
—brass throughout—each
■ fin i ■ ii ■ iiti i ■ i ■ ii-i ■■in
723 Robson SK
Stntt   Watt
Maple Leaf
One Week
Monday, Apr! 21
 -At J-* ftw-vty-rOlothing Storei	
More New
--in modified Spring Styles
Embracing remarkable quality fabrics—in plain, and
neat smart patterns. Also arranged in this display are
numerous blues aud blacks, all exceptional values, mark-
ed at the popular prices—
$25, $30, $35, $40
125-127 Hastings St West
Aim 6M-SM Tatti Strttt,
Victoria, B. O.
two Than ftorw f tr Ma
Totally Unlike
Fine Diamonds are altogether unlike oriinnrj
taerchandiso. Thoy will not wear on* or deteriorate with age. They retain their beauty
permanently, They do not lose their value-
there is no such thing as a second-hand diamond.
And they are constantly increasing in value.
If you have a gift in mind caH and see onr
Fine Diamond Jewellery. We know wt aaa
please you as to style and price.
GEO. B. TBOBEY, Man. Du,
"The Home Behind the Gooda"
"As in a gamo of cards, so ia the game of
life, wt must play with what it dealt na,
and the glory consist* not ao ranch in winning aa in playing a poor hand well."
"Strike Notice"
UNION MEN, do yon know
that the neat strike in Vancouver ia going to be aa
It will be the greateat strike
for you, provided you hold a
paid-up membership in the SUB-
Don't wait until "EVEBT-
BODY" knowi thtrt ia oil in tht
Fraser Valley.
All the Dlwelorc et thie Coapaay
are, or faratrlr wen, UNION ate.,
rtprettatlaf NVI dMmat Union..
Th.r know roer poiltlon, thereto!*
je. art tunnd ol • .*r.i**K doal.
The 8DUUT OIL CO. ihtrrt are
tko but buj* ia tho eitr* Call and
I will prove it. LIMITED I88DI, i
cenu per share.
SmaS   uplMUaUta,   lar(t   hold*
Oet yonr triors ia QUICK. Can
only ht obtained fron
G. Gatheral Fleming
Phont Sty. 4347
Open till 9 Saturday evening
Clients wko patronise ny
offices ean ba abeotatejy
Bvcry modem method
known in the science of dentistry is applied for the alleviation of pain,
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Opening Evenings 7 to I
o'clock.  Dental Nurse In
Om Owl Drag Store
Phono Sty. 6896
Bank of Toronto
Auets  . ._«. 184,000,000
Dtpositi    t3,Q00tOM
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT -Strings Aooaant mr W
opened ltt Th* Bank ot Taroata
ta taa msi af twa or sfttn
pmoM. Ia theie su-csanU -RHktr1
ptrtjr mtr *\f* cfceqats or deposit
money. For tb* difertat arcaibws
•t a tuailj or a ana a jstat ascoaat
is aftta a gnftt conveniens*. Iatorsat
Is paid oa balances.
Vaneoaver Briaafc:
Branshas at:
VMoiiit   Mwritt, Mow WH-nsMr
Pacific Great
Eastern Railway
Hit train sorvice between
North Vancouver and Whyteeliff on Oood Friday, April 18,
and Easter Snnday, April SO,
will be aa follows:
N. Vancouver
10.10 a.m.
1.20 p.m.
8.00 p.m.
8.40 p*.
Per farther information at
to service te loeal pointe tolt-
phone Passenger Deft., Sey-
num S6«.
Our Setting System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest pes
sible consistent witi
Two Stores*
Society Brand
Rogers BuiMntf
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Costs
at both stores
J. W. Fostei
Thtnatnd. af UNION m tea, __
neluust  aU Acetate!  Ml* WW
Merciants Casualty Ca
Onr poller eetta 11.00 fee m
ttt ap.
Oar poller pars for oil anlliats.
Oar poller pars (er tvatr __•<■
Oar a-Mrwt la SOS Rtstn B*-*U-H
Omr phont naahtr I. Sir. itt*.
Wt want . ttptblt roprtetntatHn
ia etch ONION LOCAL.
mt.. ■*■*...«
To nutobtr. tl atf eaioa ia float lis
a kmM net l*r_1ht -Mniltnj-e-s,
rmr—H a at* tl N tr
I n* none lii-war l
Dl Wt Jt Cnrry
■mmi 1 ■wrw>*w'**-' TODAY ....April 18,' Mil
Columbia Ofl Co.. Ltd.
(Non-personal Liability)
WE have confidence in the patriotism and loyalty of the citizens
of British Columbia, in the fostering and development of the
unsurpassable NATURAL RESOURCES ot their native Province.
You do not have to send your money out of the country, where
you lose control of it.
The Columbia Oil Co. is operating in a proven field. They have
the oil in commercial quantities.
Write or phone for booklet on the history of the discovery of oil
in economic quantities in B. C.   (Open evenings.)
Phone Sey. 9350 310 Hastings Street West
___^a_________m________ ii i,| c38=a=aa
C. Fsderatiouist: The4
writor was greatly surprised to
learn that there are bakeries where
Chinese are employed in the making
of bread and cakes in preference to
white labor. (How very patriotic
are our citizens) that employ such
labor when there are returned men
who, can do with the jobs that the
Chinese fill. Sueh firms should be
put out of business and also the
white people should not patronize
Buch firms that prefer the Chinese
to the exclusion of our returned
There is a firm baking bread on
Robson that employ two and three
Chinese to do the baking.
How long are we going to stand
for this!
Next week Edythe Elliot will be seen
la Margaret Ellington's greateat triumph
entitled "The Lie" and thla dramatic
(rem will ba a great contrast to tho rollicking comedies that we have presented
for the past few weeks. Every one loves
a play that makea one think, and "The
Lie" contains a problem that
everyone wbo sees it to look at many
things from a different viewpoint. In
dramatic  construction it Is  an  evcellent
bit of stage emit, and givei every actor
In  the  eaat an opportunity  for fo
expression, and Hiss Elliot's part rune
the gamut of emotions. Thla phenomenal
piece Is now being played by all the
flrat claaa companies throughout the
Statea. It will have a gigantic production at the Empress Theatre next week
and wtll no doubt draw one of the banner houses ot the season. ***
1"m_~* J&9*_.aLOWLT  TO
-.AJ*"_'*P- ***■ **>*** -Itttat
M at tehphoM operator win yea
wti* *w rMtim took start, ap
»•* «swn tt tUntt ktr ittinUoa. i
Wl* nlUliif tf Ut took 4ttt Ht
open* Ifct ten*
uJS*J!**!*u *i ** h_tttuaat
lltht wUt thttr Am a Ira-sUon at t
OUe th. svlttk too lam, r»p
__*_£___«!!' •—• ****** *®
«o wll
Jaw.    II tptnltt wlssa   aal onl,
WMj—tkt  rtMivtr kook It  work.d
a. a. TWT.-t-HQjn qa^ m,
Low Wages Paid CHrls
Philadelphia—An investigation of
low wages paid girls in this oity
show that there are hundreds of women receiving from 68 to $18 a wook
wko are foreed to pay $T.Sft a week
md upward for board and room.
Phona Ser. *******     Bar et Might
Rum, Thomaon A Ofogg
BS1 Homer St.  Vanconver, B. 0.
Car Hen Want Mote
Boston—Organized streot car men
employed by the Boston Elevated
Railroad Company have presented a
new wage scalo to the company.
The present rates oall for a maximum of 48 eents an hour with a
working day from 9 to 11 hours.
The car men want the rate advanced
and the work day reduced to eight
hours. If the controversy can not
be settled it will be referred to the
National War Labor Board, according to an agreement between the
parties ia interest.
Garment Worken (Hla
Syracuse, N. Y.—An agreement
calling for a 4-hour week and a 10
per eent. wage increaso has beon
reached between clothing manufacturers of this eity and tke United
Garment Workers. Nearly MOO employees are benefited.
The Big Clothing House of
T. B. Andrews
from business
As soon as the immense stocks in
the Andrews' store can be sold,
the keys will be turned in the door-
locks for everl
THIS ia the sum and substance of what must be considered one of tbe most startling merchandising events in
the history of Vancouver.
WE HAVE many friends who will no doubt regret to see
this business discontinued. Bat it appears better for all
concerned to sell out the stock and fixtures on hand, and
take a long overdue rest.
WE HAVE decided to close out the stock, wholesale and
retail, and Ae fixtures as
Bdltor B. C. Federationist: I am
trying to givo you an idea of what
iB happening in Vietoria. Tho Foundation Co. has laid ofl about a thou*
sand men in this last month; what
for, no one knows.
All kinds of men are coming in
from tho other side, going to work,
or trying to.
New foreman for Foundation Co.
at Viotoria: "Woll, Bill, I am going over to Victoria to run the job
for the Foundation Co."
Bill: "Say, if I come ovor, do you
think you can put me to workt"
NowF.:   "Sure thing.   Tell tho _ ■ -       -■■-,   -■	
bunch to como on ovor, but tell them,,«™ J-° ."ail collected for the Log*
to be careful.
Bill: "Careful of whatt"
New F.: "Well, there iB a law
over thero that Bays that no skilled
or unskilled labor can go from hore
to there to work."
Bill: "What do you know about
New F.: "But that ean be beaten.
Just you ship your toola over, and
then como over after."
Act 2: Scene, Labor Temple,
Bill: "Oood morning. I want a
permit to go to work."
Businoss Agent: "Carpentors,
Shipwrights? Yos, and who are
Bill: "I am a union carpenter
from Seattle, and I am going to
work for tho Foundation Co."
B. A.: "Sure. Just put your
name down, and you will take your
turn." -
Bill: "But I want to go to work
now." '
B. A.: "Nothing doing.. You wifl
take your turn with the rest.''        ,
Bill: "I am a Canadian," [''
B. A.: "I don't caro what you
are, you must take your turn."
Bill: "That's a hell of a way to
treat a union man."
The Sale will begin Saturday
Morning at 9 o'clock
THE SAME high principles which have governed this
business since its inception will remain in force to the
end of the chapter;
WE HOPE to see our old friends and many new ones
avail themselves of the economies that will result from
this action.
53 Hastings Street West
American Clothes Shop
—Written If iver
Bill then walks away cursing the
union buainess agent and Canada.   t
Business Agent: "You fellowst
don't think you fhat ean can eome"
over hero and go to work right'
away, when we have hundreds of
local men walking around!"
Bill mumbles something about going to see his friend tho foreman,
down in the yards. Bill is still mumbling when up stops a real union
man, a red one.
"Say, I am a union man, a returned soldior and a damn good mechanic. I got laid off, and so did
about 50 more. Some of-them are
roturned men .and they are protty
B. A.: "That's holl."
Bed: "Sure, but it ia not half ao
bad oa it will bo next winter. But
what gets me ia these guys from Se*
attle eoming in here and going to
work, at the same time pushing out
other union men who are working,
and have thoir families hero and
can't move.
Overheard in Foundation yard,
one big guy to another: "Lay 'urn
off, lay 'urn off till it hurts."
Stiff standing by: "I wonder if
they are mad because the Labor men
are kicking about them bringing in
their pets from Seattle."
A Bed: "Sure thing, but tkey are
craxy when they think they are going to hurt the working men in lay*
ing them off."
Stiff: "I was reading in the papen where some big guy said that
tho only thing to keep awuy Bolshevism was to keep the men working."
Bed: "Sure, keep the stiff working .then ho can't think,"
What I have written down is true.
Ovor here the Foundation Co. are
bringing in men from tho other side,
at tho same timo laying off our own
mon by hundreds. Thoro is going to
be trouble, then some ono will get
up and say: "the Bolshevikis are
doing it,"
voatigate the conditions under which
tho loggers were living and Working. He found thom rotten. Lousey
bunks and dirty campa. In fact,
conditions as I said before, wero
Now, this man ia a trusted member of an organization that bas
nearly 5000 membors. It also claims
to have moro ex-soldier members
than any othor trade union. A fast
that has not been disputed. In order to get the men of the logging
caps together, this man hired a hall
in Cranbrook. He got permission
from the police, who said they would
bo on hand to seo that everything
was according to law. It must have
been becauso the police made no
complaint. Aftor tho meoting, this
man started to sign up members for
the Loggers Union. While doing
this, ho is interrupted by a bunch of
ex-soldiers, who want to know if he
was a delegate to the Calgary convention. Ho told thom that ho was.
Then thoy asked him if it was not
so, that the convention sont greetings to the Soviet government of
Russia, and the Spartacan movement of Germany. Ho was then
asked if he ondorsed these resolutions, and he replied that ho did.
Theso ex-soldiers told this man
that his speech wus alright, but boing that, he endorsed the resolutions
of the convention at Calgary, he
was no good.
They followed htm to his room in
the hotel, took away the dueB and
gers Union, and escorted him out of
Now, that is some Btunt. The
law of Canada says that Labor
unionB are perfectly lawful. Yet a
few ex-soldiers will get togothor and
say it is not.   Something is wrong.
We must got together and find out
what it is. Now, comrades, just because & few membors of tho G. W.
V. A. object to the resolutions endowed by the Labor convention at
Calgary, don't let us all go crazy.
Let us go to work and find ont
who these Spartacans are. Wo will
go to tho noxt meeting of the Federated Labor Party or tho Socialist
Party of Canada, it doosn't matter
Vhich, and wo will ask the speaker
What have the Bolshevists of
Bussia and the Spartacans of Germany done to deserve the sympathy
of the workors of other countries!"
\%o will answer ua.
We will then go and ask some of
the would-be leaders of the soldier
movement the same question. Then
ye will think it out for ourselves.
* That's it fellows. Lot us all got
busy and do a little thinking of our
own. Now, como on. We can't
buek the Labor unions. We belong
thero.    Our  fathers,  brothers  and
. _ of ua have mothers and sisters
in the Labor unions. And thousands
of us belong to Labor unionB now.
'Why, I met a soldier and his
sweetheart the other night. Sho, I
£ilow, had a union card in her pock-
6t. She being ono of the telephone
girls. She was doing most of the
talking. She waa talking about the
blockades and how the women and
children in Bussia were dying by
thousands for tho want of proper
Lucky man, that. So lot us all do
a little thinking for ourselves,
Whoever is trying to keep the
unions and soldiers apart, reminds
Correspondent of London
Times Makes Some
Bourgeoise With the Aid
of German Troops Defeated Socialists
The.. Overman committee which
has spent some time "investigating" alleged acts of terrorism by
the Socialist Soviet govornment of
Russia in its determination to suppress the capitalist rebellion and
counter-revolution which has prevailed there for a number of months
was careful to ask every witness
what he knew about the so-called
terrorism of the "Rod Guard," as
the Bussian revolutionary army iB
called. Sevoral witnesses started,
also, to tell some instances of the
White Terror," or tho acts of
atrocity committed by tho capital*
ist armies in Russia and Finland.
Every such witness was prevented
from giving accounts of the "White
Guard" terror, tho members of tho
committee boing evidently very
sensitive as to the crimes againBt
humanity committed by their own
class and determined to suppress all
accounts of those crimes. The committee   was   thoroughly   class   con-
What the capitalist committee of
the United States senate would not
permit to be published, however, tho
London Times haB brought out, and
especially in regard to the "Whito
Guard" atrocities in Finland. Tho
Times' special correspondent has
beon in Finland for some time investigating the situation, and tells
his paper that in its ruthless extermination of the Red Guard troops
and Socialist in Finland (he White
Guard exterminated 30,000 Finnish
Socialists. The article appi.*rs in
the London Times of February 11,
copies of which have just ruached
the United States. The article is
dated Stockholm, February 9, and
iB entitled "Tho Class War in Finland." The main parts of it follow:
The internal situation in Finland may be described aB a state
of suppressed civil war with the emphasis on the word suppressed. The
gulf between the Reds and the
Whites, the Socialists and the bourgeoisie, is as deep and wido as it
was oight months ago, when the
civil war ended. It would probably
be more accurate to say that it is
deeper and wider. There is a clean
cut opposition of the classes, for
which it would be difficult, if not
impossible, to find any parallel in
modern history,
"Tho sole reason why civil war
will not break out again tomorrow
is that the party in power has arms,
whilst the Beds havo not. For this
deploruble state of affairs the
sponsibiltty must be held to rest
chiefly on tho political leaders of
tho   Whites,   including  the   present
rush is now over and we
are onee more getting
kvel with our orders. Any
disappointments you may
have had, please forgive.
We did our best, and the
best can do no more. What
we promised, we performed; when we couldn't perform, we didn't promise.
We'll turn down trade,
but we won't break our
word. We've a lot of
new materials in nice
Spring-like stuff, stuff
you'll like, and just remember, Spring is only
just starting, and all the
fine and finest weather is
ahead of you.
|    UWIOW STORB    1
MSN'S,  &3S UP
WOMEN'S,   S45  OT
Evans, Coleman &
Evans, Limited
Bey. 2988 aad Sey. ___
Owing to tke confusion ia
nail orden of this medi-rino,
wo an advancing the pri-M
from 65.10 to »S.50, aad m»
ing -all charges. This will
give onr many mill—
quicker service.
Sole Manufacturer
tat tm At., Worth, ■adWnoB
Two of the best all-union eating-house.! in
Good Eats Cafe
AU That the Law Wffl Allow
Wa deserve Trado Unm PgMnafa
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St West, or       622 Pender Wert
The "Om Big Union"
Editor B. O. Federationist—Sir:
Begarding discos-ring the "Ono Big
Union" movement, kindly givo me
a chanco to'oxpwss nty views, as
briefly as possible.
We, who have used evory opportunity, in tho patt, to corry on propaganda for Socialist Industrial
Unionism, and havo pointod out tho
difference between craft unionism
and industrial unionism, wo follow
tbo industrial union movoment in
Canada with keen attention. __
Is the 0. B. U. movement hero going to make errors liko the I. W. W.
kas done since 1908, by condemning
tho ridiculing tho S. L. P. and W.
1.1. U. position, which serves to dj*
viilo tbe revolutionary movement, or
ore intelligent olass actions to bo
considered and recognized.
In Australia, the One Big Union
is nlong proper lines, and in harmony with tho Workers International Union, in Great Britain and ti*(*
Unitod States. Along such linos, in
conformity with evolution, will render it possible for tbe whole revolutionary proletariat to advance in
harmony, united and realty strong to
move for our common goal; emancipation of the working class. Not
through compromising or political
reforms, but through distinct revolutionary organisations in both the
political and industrial fiold. Speed
the day.   Sineoroly yours,
r. T. M. L.
me of tho follow we read about in | government, which appears to have
tbe Bible, who tried to stop the\no '-'*"' that ■* is either possiblo or
waves from coming on the shore.    desirable to find a remedy."
'   AN OLD SOLDIBB.        The Times'correspondent thon recalls tlio events of tho past ypnr,, .
explaining that by the rovolution oq
Editor B. C. Federationist: Please
givo mo a little spaco in our paper.
I wjnt to say a few words to my
comrades of thia and other wars.
Comrades: What is wrong with
usT We aro all members of tho
working elass. That is, all except
a vory fow'. Now what about our
comrados down at Cranbrook t What
kind of a stunt wn that to pull oil
Christ and Christians
Editor B. C. Foderationist—Sir:
Probably the most surprised man in
tho universe would bo a Labor man
who is deriding tho church teachings and scoffing Bible beliefs in a
Sunday meeting to bo told that he
is a Christian. To bo told that he
is more Christian than the black*
robed ornament who cries "Praise
the Lord," from his fashionable put
pit might be taken aa a joko or an
insult by either party. But if Christ
moans anything, it means good
ideas, permanent ideas, truth, and
therefore the man who harbors good
ideas is a Christian, whether he
knows it or not. The Labor man
today says to the Christ: "When
we saw Thee, and hungered and fed
Thee, or thirtsy and gavo Thee
drink," beeause he is ignorant of
the fact that the good idoas he is
harboring for tho benefit of mankind is port of tho Christ, the only
Christ thore ever was or evor will
be; tho^ Christ that Jesus taught.
Whon the labor man is holding ideas
which will benefit mankind and
nourishing tbem, ho is protecting
the Christ which was beforo Abraham, which Jesus taught, and which
tho church and capitalism would
crucify in its now body, as they
triod to crucify it in tlio man Jesus,
2000 years ago.
Jesus said, "I (tho Christ) am tke
way, tho truth and tke life."   This
I," this "Way," this "Truth,"
this "Life," is the good idoas sueh
as justice, poaoo aad good will to
mon, ete. -etc., aad tho man who
cherishes these idoas if a Christian,
while tho man who advocates injustice, or any system whioh is not fair
to all men, has no right to tho name
no matter what ehureh ho belongs
It is frequently remarked that a
new religion is coming to the foro,
and maay ohurofaes think tkey are
.tho "Chosen" one. But the religion that is arising has no church
organization. It is freo from superstition and dogma; it is pure Christian, for it recognizes Christ ns the
good ideas whieh are "tho way, the
'truth, and tho life," loading to heaven and earth, and its followers are
Jruo Christians.
Count Tolstoi prophesied, thnt
Christ would coine out of Russia.
Who knows but thc idoas which aro
coming from thoro today are tho
long-looked for Saviour of tho
world. If so, will the established
churches crucify him again without
a hearingt
THBOUOH Mount Robson and Jasper Parks aoroao tko prabiaa
through the most fertile grain belt ia tha world to Winnipeg^
Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal and Queboo.
CONNECTIONS at Winnipeg and Duluth for Central States, a*
Toronto and Montreal for Eastern Statos and Atlantic sorts.
FINEST TRAINS, Electric lighted, Standard and Tourist Oeoa*-*
ing Cars, also Dining Cars.
For Rates, Tickets, Litoraturo and Information, apply to
605 Hastings St. W., Vancouvor, B. O. Phono Soymoar M»
Carpenters Win
Don vor—Building cob trw. torn are
regretting that thoy did not accept
a wage compromise suggested hy tho
Stntt* Industrial Commission. * The
carpenters were receiving $0 a fay,
and stmek for ft $1 increase. Tbe
commission riicommcaded tkat tke
rate -be advanced 01 oents a day, and
the carpenters agreed. Tho contractors refused and th«n tlie workora
fell back on their original demand,
which employers have been forced
. 27, 1916, tho Socialists
Captured tbe government and extended their authority over the
greater part of Finland, the Finnish
bourgeoisie appealing to tho kaiser
for help in tho hour of their defeat.
Oen. Mannerheim with tho help of
German troops, defeated the Socialists and restored the Finnish bourgeoisie to power. During the Socialist regime, according to the Times'
correspondent, "ubout 1,000 Whites
were executed or murdered." The
victory of the bourgeoisie, it is explained, wos followed by reprisals—
the White Terror.
"The rebels wore crushed," continues the Tiraos' correspondent,
'with a ferocity which forcibly recalls the fact that Finland, even
more than any other part of the
late czar's dominions, belongs more
to the East than to the West. It
not characterized by atrocities
of tho sort which oacurred under
the Red Terror, but out of about
,000 Bed prisoners taken at the
ond of April or subsequently arrested 30,000 mon and women arc
dead, about -6,000 are still in prison, whilst the remainder have been
Tho population of Finland is
about 3,000,000 al! told. Thore would
b« evory ronsou why .such fuels and
figures Hhould remain in obscurity
if the present domestic policy of
the Finnish government offered any
hope of reconciliation botweon tho
classes. But though the civil war
was ondod last April the memory of
these things is still cultivated Snch
k tho situation in Finland today.
A Govornment of Force
"The authority of the Finnish
government roots at present entire
ly on the Whito Ouard*, a body of
between 30,000 and 60,000 mon recruited exclusively from the ranks
of tho bourgeoisie. Tho corps in
armed with riflos, and is kept every
whero very much in evidence us a
constant reminder of strength,
There is also a regular army, but
ns this is recruited by conscription
from nil classes the government
very wisely reposes little confidence
in it.
"With the White Guard stiffened
by the German-trained Jngers, tho
government feels strong enough to
face any situation, In a cert
eciiHC, indeed, it is probably stronger
thun auy othor government in Ku
rope. There is no possible fresh revolutionary movoment which it
could denl with, no strike which it
cannot immediately suppress. It
has not hesitated lo exclude from
tho Finnish Diet all but one of tho
Socialist members, who numbor 1>2
out of 200, and with the bourgeois
rump thnt remaius to paw many important laws, including one altering
the franchise. Tbe Socialists nro
crushed and helpless, strong only in
numbers. In spite of the fact that
100,000 Socialist voters out of an
electorate of 1,500,000 ire dead or
disfranchised ,and that thoir oppor-
tnnities for propaganda by speech
or by writing are strictly controlled,
it ia generally anticipated that at
Groceries Always Pure
and Fresh
Onr Qnick Selling Cash-and-Carry Plan Assures
Fresh Stock at All Times. Come and Get th*
Benefit of These Low Prices tnd Ted Your
Friends About Them Too.
Snap, i>or tin 17«
•oilut Paper,   largo   roll-.,
t tor  29a
P. V. Htoriliicd Milk, por
tin  He
Clark -i   Pork   and   Id am,
lo, iter lta   9a
lia-gu Baking Powder XSe
Lifebuoy (Soap, por eake »y,0
Mel.ar.'n'» JeHy Powdon t'/,e
Beat Jap Bice, t lbe Mo
Quaker Peon, per tin  UY,'
Tiinioriu   Tometoce,   large
tin 16c
loynl    Crown    Soap,     per
carton .... „ 30'/,e
Matclios, Eddy's, 300   8C
Woodward 'e Extra  Choice
Tea, rod. 50o  48c
Cream of Wheat, per pkg, 31c
Clark '*-   Toaiato   Ketchup,
per bottle  20'/2e
Skookum Shoe Polif-h,   Black
or  Tan    Ot
TwoiuOne. Shoe Polish ....10c
Bafcton'8 Matchless Stovo
Polish, per tin   6a
Best    Cleaned    Currnnts,
per pk|{ 16c
Sun-Maid  Seeded  Ilaisi-u,
per pkg IB'/jC
Ramsay',    Cream    Sodas,
family  package  '. _ 23c
Bnmsay 'a,    Assorted     Bis*
cuita  _ l!!'/ja
B 4 K Boned Oata, Mb.
•aek  47a
B * K Wheat  Hakes,  4
lbe. for   96a
Purity, Quaker or Bobla
Hood Boiled Oats, largo
Chapenata, por pkg.  IM
Domiaion Corn W»_ta...ll',%»
Woodward's Better Coffee,
reg. 55c, for  taa
Irwin i Billings' Kctokap
for   *t'/,e
H. P. Suuce __!/*<•
Argood Pickles, largo bottle for ....„ _ ....276
Shield 'a   Vinegar,    Brown
or   White, bottle  19a
Stanley's Lotnon Curd, por
bottle   ....41*
Vantoria Jam, 2s, por Ua Me
King-Benoh 's Jams, 4o ....89c
Libby 'a    Salad   Creasing,
per bottle 29*
Lownoy's Cocoa,   _,  21a
Sliiradullc's Chocolate, Ik.46a
Barriogton Hall Coffee ...Mt
Vantoria   Italian   Prunes.
2Ws  20C
Baker's Fresh Orated Co-
rnannt, per tin  16e
Sugar House Molasses, 2s..l6«
Sogers' Gold. Syrup, _s..«2Vio
B.  O. Salmon,  -^,8   8V:e
Beat Sockoye Salmon, \_s..l90
Quaker Sugar Corn, tin..21'/*,0
Kcfugoe  Stringlcs*  Beans,
I'or  tin   19c
Campboll's Assort. Soup ..16*
Clark's Soups  llo
Knbob,  Empress  or   Mid-
kin's Spicas, per tin 66
Malkin's Beet Custard Powder, per tin  ~...19a
Dal I oil's Custard Powdor.JMa
Sunlight Soap, per carton Ua
Beckett*. Blue, par pkg... Ba
Boo Ami, brick or tin lie
Lm, per pkg _*.
Fela-Naptha Soap, sake.. gi/Lg
B. A a. Naptha Soap, por
•aha Ty,, -.
'\rv cjjx
eleventh tear. No. ie       THE BRITISH COLIw .-.IA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. d.
Lawn Mowers
"10-inch cutting wheel at..$ 8.2J    Dutch Hoea, each  *1.05
12-inch cutting wheel at.., Spading Forks, each	
 69.00, 69.75, 616.08, 611.75           62.00, 62.15, *2.25
14-inch cutting wheel at..
 (9.75, 610.00, $10.50, 612.25
16-inch cutting wheel at..
 610.50, 61100, 61300
J8*iii.'h cutting wheel at-613.50
20-inch cutting wheel at..$14.50
garden Bakes—Bast Stool Concave Tooth
12-tooth, each  *1.4S
la-tooth  *1.55
IB-tooth  61.70
Excelsior Steol Rakes
10-tooth, each  70o
12-tooth, each  75c
14-tooth, each  **80o
16-tootb, each SOo
3-prong, each  61*15
5-prong, eaeh 61*70
Hoos, each  65c, 86c, 1.00
Ladies' Hoes, each 85c
Spades, eaoh $1.65
Shovels, each  61*65
Brush Hooks, each  62.00
Ladies' Gardening Sets—
3-picce set  - $2.35
4-picce set  $3.40
Lawn Edgers—
Long Hundle, each  61.70
Short Handle, each  61-80
Lawn Rakes,  each  ..61.25
Potting Trowels, each  30c
Weeders, each  20c
Plant Bprayors, eack..61.25 61*65
Weed Pullerp, each 61*35
Edge Shears, pair  62*25
Lawn Fence, 35-ineh; reg.
25c. Speciul, per foot 22c
30-inch; reg. 22c.   Special
per foot  20c
Lawn Fence Gates, extra
finish; CBch  —$5.50
*— Builders' Hardware Dept.
David Spencer, Limited
O.B.U. OR U.B.O.
By Dave Rees
Vice-President Trades  and  Ubor
Congress ot Canada.
Those too narrow to credit an
International organizer with pos-
sasaing an honeBt opinion should
aot read further. Thosa anxious
io balance all sides of a question
before acting thereon are invited
to read on .and reason for themselves; for our emancipation can
not be attained by an "acting
fighting minority"—much though
thoy are desired—but can be attained aud thereafter held, when
the workers generally become too
independent to allow others to do
their thinking for them.
I shall endeavor, in my humble
way, to review some of the happenings of the past twelve years
in connection with the workera
and their spokesmen ln the economic and political movement ln
the West
In the years 1907-1913 inclusive,
the member of the pure and aim-
plist, industrial, national or International organisation was treated
to something like the following:
Tour Ideas are fossilised or antiquated, you are dead and don't
know it. The industrial unionist
-would stoutly defend his position
asd woald optimistically portray
tha great possibilities which lay
la the womb ot the future by
building up the Industrial organisations    The   scientific   speaker
1047 Granville Street
none Sey. 1479
Operators of tha largest Good*
j-ear SHOE REPAIR plant to
tke Otty.
Union Shoe repairing. Re-
knember oar guarantee, men's
and womon's soles we guarantee for three months.
We don't cobble your shoes,
Ire repair them.
We know how; we are shoemakers.
Let us have your next repairs.
No delay Shoe Co.
UalOB Shop, No, Ml
would reply with mingled pity
and contempt—mostly tho latter
—to the poor boob who had respect
tor his trade union. Whv y."*i*
organisations have reached the
zenith of their power; they have
outlived their usefulness, they are
merely a bulwark of the capitalist
system. The trade unionist would
then speak ot the difference in
organized and unorganised fields,
would cite the advantages of tlie
opportunity where organized to
say something regarding conditions of employment, of enforcing
agreements, ot having checkwelghmen on mining tipples, ot
enforcing statutory legislation, regarding hours of labor, mine regulations, factory acts, sanitary
regulations, and compensation
laws. Our scientific lecturer would
reply, "Bah, merely palliatives,
ameliorative measures, reforms;
don't you know those reforms are
the ruination of society, your
shorter workday Is a huge joke.
What you Bhould do is abandon
all idea of reforms or palliatives,
give over bothering any further
with the commodity struggle organisation. Don't you know that
the more the worker Is ground
down the better it will be. How
stupid you are that you cannot
understand that as the stomach
of the plug draws nearer his backbone, so does he become keener
Intellectually; our salvation lay In
empty   stomachs."
The trade ulonist would
sore toward the man who scabbed on the job whilst a strike for
reforms was in progress. Our lecturer would broadly smile and
tell him how silly he was for be
Ing sore at the scab, In fact, In
some scientific circles scabbing
was condoned. We of the non-
scientific turn of mind were ridiculed for thinking there was any
good could accrue from "boring
from within" tactics. We were
told It waa absolutely unsound
procedure. The thing to do was
stay outside these reactionary organisations— allegedly dead —and
build up a strong political organization entirely independent of the
economic organisation. Instead of
striking on the job, we must
strike Intelligently, by using our
vote In the ballot box. This was
In contradistinction to another
brand of soap-boxer, the IW.W.,
who woald not have their names
on the voters' list. They said
"Take the axe to the ballot box."
One of the duties of the O'Brlen-
Hawthornthwaite - McGinnls -Willi
ams schools was to have aa many
comrades as possible sworn into
authority as commlsssioners for
taking affidavits. Said commissioners and their helpmates In
turn diligently scoured the camps
In order that every eligible worker might be placed upon the voters list. Aliens were advised to be*
cone naturalised, thereby securing the franchise. All this so that
the political organization might
be   strengthened.    Rerosontatlvefl,
..April is, 1919
The Returned Men
and the One Bis Union
(Continued from page 8)
whenever possible, were elected
to parliament, not merely for the
purpose of enunciating our views
on the floor of the house, but also
that the member elected might
utilize all possible spare time in
touring the country sreading the
gospel of production for use, not
profit. Here I would Interject, I
am convinced that the overwhelming majority of the workers who
do a little studying, believe in
the slogan: Production for use,
not for proflt. Unfortunately, however, the method of obtaining
same or the tactics to be employed in overthrowing the system has created untold dlssentlon
within our ranks. Our ultimate
object is the same, but we ap*
parently insist on travelling different roads to reach our goal.
There wae a section of the
workers who whilst steadfastly
defending the principles of Trade
unionist, and hoping to have them
steadily increase In power—If
only as a weapon of defence—who
also believed lt was good policy
to have representatives of the
working class or labor in parliament, ln order that the demands
might be put forward In parliament by our accredited representatives, rather than by annual pll-
grimmages of labor delegations to
the Dominion or Provincial parliaments. Tbls section believed in
using two wings, Industrial and
political. The writer held this
view in 1997, ln 1917. »nd holds
It today.
Returning to our 1907 to 1913
scientific lecturers, wben they
worked at their trade, if they
were membera of the union, they
were generally in one of two
classes, either simply dues-paying,
non-attendants at meetings or attending with a view to criticising
every move made by those who
conscientiously believed ln their
union, oftentimes adding scorn or
vltrolio abuse as a special blessing.
There were men ln those days
who fully recognised the futility
of expecting the economic organization—as then forced—instituting the co-operative commonwealth, and with this thought in
mind did some "boring from within" and advocated the building up
of a working class political organisation
Let us now see where our scion*
tflic lecturers of twelvo to live or
six years are this past few years.
We discover an absolute reversal
ot policy. Boring from within;
why, yes, to he sure, anywhere
and everywhere where the privilege of the floor could he obtained, our erstwhile, very-much-aloof
exponent was to be found an active member of craft, Industrial
or any economic movement. We
note that offices which were tbi-;
merly held down hy office-seekers
were now cherished by men who*
had told us we had reached ''the
zenith of our power and outlived1
our usefulnes many years p«fst*
The gutter-rat philosophy of the
plug having to have his stomach
clamor for proximity to his backbone In order that his wits might
be sharpened, was dropped. -Stridently our new ofllce holders-«ot
seekers—feared they might Use
told that example wbb better than
precept, and not being desirous
ot owning emaciated carcasses
the old  theory Is dropped.    We
Capital $250,009
Par Value 5 cents
with 1280 acres in the very midst of the great oil-producing region in Southern Texas, offers local investors one of the most
remarkable opportunities likely to come their way.
Great fortunes are being made almost daily in this region, and our geologist's report on the district in which
our holding is situated is very promising.
To investors, both large and small, our advice is—get in on this
Company's first issues and while shares can still be bought for 6
Think over this, but don't think too long; the Company's
L    first issue will soon be sold out
Vancouver Oil Brokerage
404 Homer Street Vancouver, B. C.
find the men who formerly com tlonal lines Inside our present or*
doned scabbing, administering as
boautiful a line of epitaphs to this
creature aa he was wont to administer to the trade unlonst of
bygone days who complained of
the scab.
Today, having men in arliament
Is nonsensical procedure — our
emancipation can only come
through the "One Big Union."
Phenomenal times and conditions unquestionably warrants
close study ln order that we may
definitely determine the course to
pursue. I have In mind that our
advocates ot the O.B.V. who today
are decrying present organisations, stating how rotten and corrupt they are, will be, ln the not
very distant future, again attacking the then existing form of organization, whether economic, political, or both.
When the Western conference
met In Calgary, I made the position very clear as to the purport
of Bald conference. No ono could
deny the correctness of my statements. The Western conference
was promulgated with a view to
launching a progressive policy for
the Dominion Trades Congress,
and after having launched the
policy, giving It tbe best possible
publicity with a view to Its adoption at the next congress. Believing that by carefully outlining
our programme and propagating
lt prior to the convention, we
could ln this way have many Bast
era delegatea agree with our point
of view and thereby enhance the
possibility of building up a more
virile congress.
When presiding over the caucus meeting, which decided to
bring about the Western confer
ence, I very definitely stated that
no secessionist movement was
contemplated, aad my statement
was accepted by all present. To
my Bind, we should have worked
along the following lines: Carried Into effect the avowed intent of the Quebec caucus, Oone
to the next congresB and put forward eur programme. With the
sentiment as we find lt In some
of the large Eastern Industrial
centres, we could* have reasonably;
well expected to have carried,a
very progressive constructive pol-,
icy through the Hamilton convention. We would not have sat Idly
by, but havo petitioned alt oar International unions to take up for
consideration and action the policy outlined. Let us assume th'at
our policy had contained such 'essentials as a six-hour day, mft-
stantlal wage increases and Nationalization of essential Indus*
tries and transportation systems:
With .such a policy I could hope
for marked changes speedily tak*
lag place. But I sincerely qu'es*
tloa the merit of—comparatively
speaking—a handful of men on
this side of an Imaginary line,
advising that we secede from our
International unions and farm the
O.B.V. and atrlke on June 1st for
the six-hour day. I favor the
malntalnenee of oor International
uatoBS aid an active campaign for
aflUiatkats of as many Internation
al unlona as* possible lato com
pacts such aa we flnd existing
with the "Triple Alliance" in Britain. Na one eaa deny bat what
they have Judiciously aad constructively wedded ttelr eeonom*
lc and political strength to the decided advantage of the worker.
The Banker awnrd Is certalaly
net the demands ot the "Triple
AlUaace," asd Its definite demands
and Its strike vote endorsing said
demands. Therefore, I sincerely
believe  thnt  the workers of the
advised if they emulated the example set forth by our British
comrades. *
To the miners of Canada, especially, I would Bay you are 111
advised in seceding from your international union at this time.
Our president, with our acting-
secretary, Is now en route to Europe. There he will confer with
Smilie and other labor leaders.
I look for the rehabilitation of the
World's Mining Congress, which,
if accomplished, would ■ form a
splendid base or starting point for
the rebuilding of the Internationale. As President Hayes said recently, "No league ot nations can
compare with a really sincere
league of labor." I, therefore, regret our secessionist propaganda.
I still adhere to my faith in the
united big organizations instead
of the new-tangled panacea, tbe
one Big Union. We have all the
potentialities of progress and
particularly  along  broad   interna-
ganizatlons. Our only drawback,
the same one that we have always had with us—disagreement
as to the most effective tactics.
I cannot help but think ot what
wonderful progress could have
been made bad the parties who
are today denouncing the various
International officers expended the
same energy ln an endeavor to
solidify our present organisations;
and simultaneously embarked upon a campaign within each organization for the things that we believe we are justly entitled, and
which are possible of accomplishment. "
In conclusion, I may state ■ am
not out to fight the One Big
Union. I have recognized for
some time past that the working
class can not benefit by platform
theorizing! or philosophing, but
by actual experience, or In other
words, trying the thing out.
However, before destroying your
prosent structure, which has
meant untold suffering and sacrifice In building up, I commend
for your consideration the evolutionary process of the U.B.O. as
suggested heroin as against the
proposed O.B.U.
Be careful lest you lose hold of
tho substance ln reaching out Hor
the shadow,
form of labor organisation into
which to herd the returned men.
Now 1 have a sincere admiration for
the doctor, and recently cast a vote
fer him when ke aspired to the presidency of a local soldier organisation. I did this not because I believed that he was the best man
that oould bo secured, but because
confronted with Hobson's choice
and thought that his election would
be the less of two evils and also
becauso 1 gave him credit for absolute honesty of opinion. But 1 respectfully suggest to this disciple
of aesoulapiuB that tbe rear-rank
men are the best jadges of their
needs on the industrial field, as they
have obtained their knowledge in
the hard school of experience. Ho
tells us that thc government will not
recognize the One Big Union. Thc
only strike in which roturned men
havo participated in any numbers
of tho postoftice strike lust summer.
Here almost all the men in the mail
handling industry were involved,
and, by refusing en masse to sell
tbeir labor power until there wan
a satisfactory adjustment of thcir
grievances, they Boon brought the
government to its knees. Had a few
men ceased work, no notice would
havo been taken of tlieir action,
and tbeir places would havo been
promptly flllod from the reserve of
unemployed. Having profited by
this and other examples the labor
men now propose to establish one
union with a division for each industry, and they thus hopo to attain results which uro impossible
under craft unionism with its iniquitous contract systom. Industrial
unionism has, of course, existed iu
England for several years, and the
time is long past since it was described in that country as revolutionary. It is amusing to bc reminded by tho doctor of the statement of Sir William Whyte that "in
the class of men nt the head of
thc railway unions tho company enjoyed tho very best kind of protection." It is an-indisputable, fact
that for almost a generation labor
leaders' of. the .Gompers* type have,
by chloroforming, the legitimate aspirations of the . workers, actually
aided tho capitalist in his ruthless
exploitation, and to this may. bc attributed the.present, intention to
form unions with loeal autonomy.
There is no doubt .that. the One
Big Union will soon bc an accomplished fact as tho wage-slaves are
beginning to seo that only by concentrated effort can thoy expect to
combat the rapacity of thc exploiter. Tho latter is well aware of tbe
danger that exists, and thero is no
doubt that all his resources will be
utilized to prevent the formation ef
combinations inimical to his interests. For this reason all roturned
soldiers should see thc necessity for
oxcreising constant vigilance in
order that too gospel preached by
the apostles of disruption may fall
upon deaf cars, nnd in order that
the villainous work of tho agents
provocttture may be traced to its
source. They must constantly bo on
their guard against thc attempts
of the employing class to precipitate
violenco, which, history and experience both teach us, is always thc
last resort of an entrenched inon*
oply. If thon tho workers and the
ex-soldiers all got together in one
big union, and mako a determined
stand against the exploitation of human flesh and blood, such as is now
practiced by the ghouls of greed
who have cornered the good things
of li.,*, thc war will perhaps not
havo been fought in vain, and wc
may yet livo to see the sabstaneo,
as well as tho shadow of a real victory.
Union Made Shoes
from Union
Whether it is a fine Boot for dress wear or a solid
sturdy Working Boot, you ay choose them here, and
get them carrying the union stamp.
OEO. A. SLATER INVIOTUS—The best good Shoe
made in all Canada.
SLATER SHOE OO.'S-Famous Slater Shoe.     The
old-time shoe with the Slater trade mark.
Boots made in Canada.   "Thc quality goes in be
fore thc name goes on."
Prom the abovdi
three lines, Mr. Man,
choosing will be
easy for you. The
styles are right, the
prices arc right, and
the qualities ara
Hake it a habit to
buy those Show
at Johnston's.
u i-titjii cf the i»iq (electric poo
Workers Are Robbed by insurance
Albany, N. Y.—"Dan Harris told
you what would happen when yoa
amended the state workmen's compensation law so tbat employers
could make private settlements
with Injured workers," laid Legislative Agent Fitzgerald, ot the New
York State Federation of Labor, In
a statement on tbe result of an In
vestlgatlon of tbls syBtem.
The probe has been conducted by
the state and In a report to Governor Smith the Investigator says
that he haa uncovered the rottenest
system of robbery of the maimed
and helpless that haa ever dls*
graced a state. Women aad men,
broken and Injured, have been sya*
tematically swindled for four years
past, given 130 or |40 when thousands were due them under the
By this robbery of the poor and
wretched the Insurance companies
have cleaned up over 130,000,000 in
four years. While the Investigator
does not recommend that the private companies should be barred
out of the state, he does favor
abolition of direct aettlements and
compel the companies to make
Regarding this condition, Legislative / nt Fitzgerald says the investigation confirms the wisdom of
the state federation ot labor at that
time, when It opposed the amendment that would permit direct aettlements, and calls attention to this
statement by Dan Harris (since deceased), who waa prealdeat of the
state body:
"This bill, H It becomes a law,
will compel the Injured workman,
or It killed, hla family, to do bualneaa direct with the Insurance companies lawyers and agents, who will
have the power to make awards. It
means the old system of victimising and robbing the injured and
their tualliaa."
Striking    Workera. Compel    the
Companies to Come
New York, April 12.—The International Ladies' Garment Workers' Unton haa won Its three-
months' strike against the Dress
and Waist Manufacturers' Association, an organization that had de
clared unyielding opposition to the
union's' demands.
The manufacturers have been
forced to agree that hereafter
when an employee Is discharged
he will be accorded the right to
have his case reviewed by aa Impartial tribunal. This demand
aroused the greatest opposition ot
the employers, who declared that
the unionists were attempting to
establish themsolves in jobs for
But the strikers refused to waive
this demand, and the employers
were finally forced to accept it.
Other gains are: A union-shop
agreement; a 44-hour week; a
wage increase for week workers
that ranges from 11.50 to $3 a
week, with piece workere to be Increased; workers discharged for
anion activity are to be immediately
reinstated with pay for time lost
and those unjustly discharged after
being employed four months are
to be immediately reinstated with
back pay. Theso protections, the
unionists show, will make lt Impossible for manufacturers to victimize any active worker In their
About 12,000 workers are affected
by tbls settlement. The Btrike
originally Involved about 40,000
workerB, but manufacturers outside ot the association settled with
the union a few weeks ago,	
-V.*-.  iVfii1M;NSirR.B.L
lioo Otorrlft Stmt
Biindiy services, 11 a.m, ud 7,80 p.m.
Sind-tr lehnol immediately fallowing
morning service. Wednesday testimonial
meat Ing, 8 p.m. Free reading room,
0OMO8   Dirks   Bldg.
PHONS SET.  2761
If yoa wan* yonr motorcycle
tr blcyeta overhauled or repaired
at reasonable prices, pay oa *
We buy and sell ised machines
of all kinds. We repair sewlag
machines. Lawn mowers sharpen-
td. Get oar pricei before baying.
MI  MAIN ST.   (star Haitian)
and we mean to Mil out all goodi.
$2.25 Hand Saws for $1.60
$2.50 Meat Saws for $1.96
$5.60 Braces  $416
$1.60 Bench Axes  $125
$1.25 Claw Hatchets .96c
Sliding Door Sets, each „ * .75c
.80 4x4-inch Butts, pair _ .35o
$1.25 Long Bye Augers .75o
$1.25 Bell Hanger Gimlctts 75o
75c Solid Brass Door Belts 25o
$6.00 Breast Drill   $4.80
$2.00 Draw Knives t $1.20
$7.00 Spoke or Hollow Auger $3.46
$5.25 Carpenter Sleeks   $4.20
$11.00 Emery Grinders  $1.80
$2.50 Spirit Level    $1.90
$3.50 Double Bit Handle Axes $2.00
$4.75 Steel Squares : _ $3.68
50c Liquid Veneer  _ 39c
$5.00 Safety Razors, any make $3.95
$1.30 Safety Razors  $1.20
$1.25 Safety Razors  96c
$1.00 Safety Razor Blades 79e
$16.00 dozen Knives and Porks $6.00
$25.00 Pearl KniveB and Porks .$18.60
$17.50 Bread and Butter Sets $9.95
$6.00 Manicure Sets 14.25
$9.50 Manicure Sets  .$4.96
$2.00 Razor Strops .$1.69
We Must Be Out of Our Preient Store by May 31st
Forbes & Van Home, Ltd.
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-op
...$ 25,000,0*0
% 14,000,000
..$ 15,000,000
Patronlio Feileratlonlst advettls-
tm '
foil'*"* |
Reserve and Undivided Profits.
Total Assets —- 	
618 branchei in Canada, Newfoundland and British
West Indies.
Alio branches in London, England; New York Oity and
Barcelona, Spain.
Twelve branchei in Vanconver:
Main Office—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets.
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Comer Granville and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Corner Granville and Seventh Ave. WeBt.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Ave and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Bighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpolc.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 27 other
points in British Columbia.
Om dollar opeas an aeoont ea whicli interest is paid half-jpcarly
at current ratal.
ZBOS. PEACOCK, O. W. rRAZEE, Vancouvtr,
Manager Vaneouvar Branch Sapenisor for B. a High Grade Hand Tailored Suits
for Men at $40 to $65
Tailored from woollens of real character. These
special hand-tailored garments appeal to men
, who are particular in the selection of their apparel. Designed by masters.of art and tailored
by superior workmen, these high-grade suits
represent all that can be embodied in a suit of
clothes in the way of beauty in design, quality
of woollens and finesse of workmanship. Rich
imported tweeds and worsteds. Priced
$40.00 to $65.00
10% Discount to Returned Army and Navy Men
The clever styles we're showing in these "Gentleman Junior" suits get the boys right away.
Made of smart tweeds, homespuns and Done-
gals of pure wool quality and tailored in styles
that appeal to the young fellows themselves,
and to all parents who like to see their boys
well aiid smartly clothed. "Prices:
$15, $18, $20, and to $25
BOYS' WASH SUITS, $1.50 TO $6.00
For Ages 2 to 8 Years
New season's styles, made of piques, drills,
repps, etc., in Buster, Oliver Twist and Novelty
Norfolk styles. They represent the most complete showing of wash suits ever shown in Vancouver.  Prices
$130 to$6.00
—Street Floor.
OranviUe and Georgia Streets
BBitmi mtn
and Xon-atfoholle winw of all
Dr. H. E. HaU
OppMH. Helta Blotk
teat Bail af >. O. lla-Mo Demi
n-ori oussa—bb aims
Pkeae Ser. «■«•
Demand Higher Wagea
Pkiladelplue-TOrgaiuze-1 . carpon*
*t»ra Ib thie elty have voted to enforce a wan rate of 87% cents an
hour, effoetiTe May 1.	
neaee: tty. 773800. ter. SUIL
O. a. LUB, Proprietor
Greatest Stock of
in' Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
tt Haitian Itreet Waat
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your furnace
Comox Lump—Comox Nut—Comox Pea
(Try ou Pea Ooal for yonr underfeed furnace)
1001 MAIN STBEET Phone Sey. 210
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that oheap poods can only be procured
by using oheap materials and employing cheap labor.
is produced from tha highest grade materials procurable
S —Cascade ia a UNION produce from start to finish.
Al 1 CI
Vincent  and  Mackenzie
Dealt With This
The Socialist Party of Canada
held a well attended propaganda
meeting laet Sunday evening, at
which J. Vincent and A, McKenzie
were the speakers, with W. Dennis
m the chair.
Comrade Vincent spoke on the
crime of theft. He stated that another speaker had recently discoursed on this subject, the title of his
address being, "Is it right or wrong
to stealV" This speaker had handled this subjeot from a sentimental
or moral basis. Comrade Vincent
wished to handle the subjeot from a
scientific basis. The manner in
which the S. P. of C. would taekle
this question would not be from the
viewpoint as to whether it is right
ox wrong to steal, but as to the
causes of this particular crime
which exists in society today. The
fundamental causes of theft or any
crime cannot be properly understood
or explained apart from the materialistic interpretation of history. The
institutions at any given period in
history are determined by the modo
of produetion which prevailed at
that timo. As the tools of produetion changed, so institutions changed, ond the problems attendant on
same changed.
What is the cause of crime f The
general impression is that crime is
inherent, in criminals. Two hundred
years ago the medical profession
and people in general regarded disease as being sent by the will of
God. That is, that disease was visited upon mankind for some sin.
There were two remedies in use,
blood letting and the calomel pill.
In tbe present day, we have a different conception of disease. We
know that disease comes from natural causes, and responds to different
treatments. The same truth
known today regarding crime in general, but it is not generally known.
The idea held by the ruling olass,
and many of the working class, is,
that criminal instincts are inherent;
they are transmitted to man from
his ancestors. They hare descended
from the savage state. This iB easily disproved. If we examine past
history and scientific investigations,
we will find that the savage did not
have these traits, as they exist today, Nansen, the famous explorer,
states that when he first visited
Greenland, tho crime of theft was
unknown among the Eskimos. There
was no necoi-tiity for auy man to
look his door. The conditions of existence confronting tho Eskimos
prohibited such a state of affairs.
The fight against nature made it essential that he should trust his
neighbor. Not only was theft unknown, but if perchance any of the
group had a surlpus of goods, and
any member or members noedod,
this was shared out. These conditions tended to complete tranquility
among the group. The Eskimos,
therefore, had no means ot storing
up the products of labor.
If we examine "Morgan's Ancient Society," we find that the American Indian savage did not act
like the criminals of today, but they
respected the customs of the group
they were aBsociatod with, nnd
would fight to the last to maintain
its interests. The mode of production of that day brought about a
uniformity of interests in the membors of the group and obligated them
to each othor in the struggle for ex
istenec, Thero was neither poverty
or riches and consequently no possibility of possession, and no property
The statistics of various European
countries show that from the begin
ning of last century, while the population doubled the numbor of criminals increased seven-fold. Accord
ing to Professor Bonger, England,
(tho country most highly developed
industrially) produced the greatest
numbor of criminals at that time.
This proves that it is not in man
himself that the roots of crimo aro
found, but in his environment, in
tho conditions in which he finds himself.
Tho present economic system is
not based, like older forms of society, on production for use, but
primarily on production for sale nnd
exchango, and exchange has always
weakened the bond between individuals, one buying at the chcapost,
and the other soiling nt thc highest
prico he can get. On one hand wo
have a small group who own and
control the machinery of wealth production, and ou the other hand a
large group who own nothing but
their power of labor, which thoy are
compelled to soli in ordor to live,
which produces the combination of
grent'wealth and luxury on one hand
and groat poverty nnd misery on
tho other hand, so that in modern
society, there is no common interest
binding tho mombors of society together, hub thoir interests nre divided. With tho development of the
machinery of production camo
change in the social relationship.
When capitalism was in its infancy,
tho tools of production having developed to a certain extent, tho system underwent a certain change,
With tho discovery of America, and
the opening of a sea routo to India*
the industry of thoso crafts which
had been developed during tho middle ages received an impetus to produce for the new found markets.
Tho serfs were forcod off tho land,
and compelled to ask tho ownors of
tho tools for a job, and tho first increase in crimo was noticed during
the early development of modorn
machinery. Vagrancy thon enme
into being as a result of the capitalist system itself, which cannot obviate an ovor-production of commodities for which it has no market.
As hunger is tho chief want men hns
to satisfy, if he cannot satisfy this
by legitimate means, he is compelled
to resort to other means. Surplus of
woalth also creates othor wants
which must be satisfied, but whieh
caunot bo owing to tho fact that
the worker's labor power is a commodity.
With the furthor development of
the machine comos periods of depression and orisises, thousands are
thrown out of work, find-as thai
is tho only means whereby thoy enn
live they havo to havo recourse to
(.rime, There is only one solution
to tho problem. Tho whole of so-
I'ioty must own nnd operate thr
noans of production, so that labor
power shall ao longer   be   a   com
Ownership of the .Means
of Life Dominant
Factor Today
When Labor Captures the ;
State" was Dr. -W.J. Curry's theme
on Sunday evening at the Theatre
.Royal; but he gavo a considerable
amount of time to the preliminary
consideration of why the capture
should be made.
The old metaphysical idea of creation and permanence was contrasted with- the dialectical mode of
thought which recognized that
everything was in a State of flux.
There was no stability; the one law
was the law o^chauge. '.'Change is
in tho universe; and when these poor
fools talk, as if this capitalist system—the lust phase of human slavery—were permanent,. that simply
proves thoir ignorance."
The ownership of the means of life
was the dominant factor of today.
The European war had thrown this
into greater prominence; the boys
were fighting for democracy a whole
lot bottor : than the capitalists
thought. they were. They had
"started a fight which is not going
to stop till the last vestige of human slavery is gone to hell, where
it belongs." (Applause.) The working class had to establish a sysbom
of peace and plenty. If this war
led to the overthrow of the capitalist system, then, instead of hanging the kaiser, they should bless him
as one of the benefactors of the human raee.  (laughter and applause.)
The war had wakened millions
of peoplo who were asleep* Oppression was at the back of the revolution; yet the capitalist elass blamed
individuals. This showed they were
mentally bankrupt, as well as morally. Wilson had been recognised by
the .Bolsheviki as the head of a
plutocracy, whether he recognized
them or not. However, that was perhaps hardly corroct, since "a plutocracy hasn't got any head: it's
all belly," The sooial revolution
was spreading all over Europe. Even
the capitalist press stated that the
American troops refused to fight the
Bolsheviki in Bussia. (Applause.)
In the old eountry, labor waB threatening a general strike if the troops
were not withdrawn from. Bussia
within a specified time,
In 1605, thousands of men, women and ohlldren were shot down
in St. Petersburg at the command
of the ruling class; in 1917 the war
lords ordered the same thing again,
and the soldiers refused! Onee the
master class lost its grip on the
state, it was "all up." That same
thing was going to happen in othor
parts of the world; possibly in this
country. If it happened here, it
would be because of the repressive
measures of the master class to prevent the workers expressing their
Today a $3 wage represented a
$16 or 480 product. The goods produced could not be consumed at
home; neither oould they be sold
abroad. Hence, there was crisis and
revolution all over the world. The
six-hour day, ete., could have no
effect; the only solution was to socialize the moans of wealth-production and produce for tho needs of
man. Next fall or winter, the speaker anticipated, thore would be here
a problem of the unemployed, including thousands of roturned men.
They hud fought for domocracy,
and ho did not think they were going to stand for repression by the
In the matter of elections, thoro
was "jerrymandering" sometimes,
too prevent tho election of the people's truo representatives. In that
case, they would have to take other
modity, and with tho elimination of
tho causes of theft and crime in
genoral, will como its cure.
Comrade MacKenzie stated that
tho greatest of all crimes which a
member of thc working class can
coimnitt these days is to struggle to
get his fellow workers organized
and educated. It is tho crimo of
tho revolutionary movement against
the powprs that bo. We are living
in a revolutionary period, in a timo
when tho workers of certain countries have already taken ovor control. The press of the other countries cannot do anything too mean,
too low and vile, in order to discredit and misrepresent tho working
class movement of those* countries.
Howover, history repeats itself. The
same thing happened during thc
timo of the Paris Commune. During that poriod of two months, tho
first time in history that tho working class ever had political power,
tho workers were more orderly and
botter governed than they ever wcro
bofore, Speuking on the crimo of
prostitution, the speaker stated that
ono of tho worst lies tho press had
indulged in was in regnrd to the
women of .Russia. They had published forged documents in tho
pross. The statutes of tho Soviet
Government would prove the deliberate untruth of their statements.
Russia lost more men in the world
war than any othor country. Evory
man and women in Russia from 18
yoars old upwards, who performs
some useful work, has a wte.
Is a woman who has a voto, going
to vote herself into state slavery.
Prostitution hns existod evor since
the first chain was put on a stave.
It is common to slave systems. En-
gel states, in his "Origin of the
Family," that tho emancipation of
woman is in lino with emancipation
from wage slavery, Undor Primitive Communism, or what wo know
as Gentile Socioty, women wore on
equality with meu, Womon wore
free. Today thore is ne economic
freodom. Where a man has to soil
hiB labor power for a meal tickot, it
prohibits the law of natural selection. Women in Ru-sia are economically freo, so is man, Thero emancipation must necessarily take
place at the same timo. Today we
have monogamy for men but not
for women.
Whon the ruling class have to resort to such base tactics as to vilify
Ihe working class movement through
the proBS, it only proves thoir utter
intellectual bankruptcy. The proletarian dictatorship in Russia is not
tho dictatorship of Lenine and Trot
.-'Ity, but of the working class. Those
inen can bo recalled tomorrow if
i liny do not suit the working class,
There was no Red Terror in Russia
until the White Terror showed its
moans, "It seems to me that foroe,
-power, back of tha ballot, Is abao-
utely necessary," The capitalist
didn't understand; the workers
eould not look to them to set things
right. Only the working class could
do it.
W*Where's the money to come
•fjrpnif" was sometimes asked. Well,
jibout nine-tenths of tho papor mon-
)^ in circulation hadn't any gold
.licking, and never would have. If
the capitalists could float these
piecos of paper around and make it
all right, would not the credit of a
labor stato, owning all the resources, be equally good! "Their
promises to pay will be good anywhere, not necessarily in gold, but
in other commodities. All you need
is productivo energy and raw material, and you have all tho comforts
of life."
As to. the direction, of industry,
the men who wore organizing it 'today did not belong to .the capitalist
class. If they wore not class-conscious, that did not prevent tbem
from 'belonging to the working class.
"We'll simply employ thom, and
should be going on with industry
just the same."
A land policy should be one of
the first things to receive attention
—to confiscate land held by speculators. In Australia, about 9,000,000
acres had already been so confiscated and stocked with sheep and cat*
tie. | -Railways, mines, otc, should
follow suit. In -Queensland, by such
means, they had "established a littlo Socialist commonwealth," as far
as tbey could, though of course retarded by other parts of the world
being still under capitalist regime.
The Oovernment should clear land
on a big scale for tho returnod men
and others. Good roads, for autotruck transportation, should also be
provided. So should telephones,
markets, etc., be under community
control, to get the product of labor
from producer to consumer as quickly  and economically as possible. .
The fisheries also should1 be
promptly dealt with, by the government refusing to issue any mora licenses to corporations, under whose
control English Bay, alive with salmon twenty-five yean ago, was now
depleted. The community would operate cannerios and employ thousands of returned men.
In tho mining industry, life would
be conserved as the chief asset. The
danger and unplossantness of the
work could be compensated by
shorter hours, better wages, ete.
Insurance should be a state man-*
opoly. At present evory company
had its army of agents, ete., and
the producer paid for it aU.
In conclusion, the speaker said it
was only right they should "sometimes draw an outline of the facts
pf. the case.'' The eould draw precedents from Queensland, Bussia,
E. Russia made mistakes, and Bent
rd to Hungary to avoid making
»m too. So the movemont would
$>,#£ to France and England, etc.,
uA/'bp the time it reaches B. O.,
wrought to know pretty well how
fl.do it." (Applause.)
JShe speaker repudiated the idea
ha* they wero going to tear every*
-hifig down, or disrupt everything.
:t..,was better to go into the co-op-
native commonwealth peaceably.
M&mt all, they were going to be
-pc-i to the capitalist. To transfer
^-parasite into a useful .member of
lecfety was "almost a religious
The labor movement belonged to
the whole human race. It means the
coming true of the dreams of the
prophets all down human history.
Tbe Nazarene was crucified for telling of the brotherhood of men bo-
cause that was in conflict with the
economy of Rome. So the Bolshovists
were lied about today; and, in the
Unitod States, people were put in
prison for life, for voicing tho aspirations of human society and
brothorhood. Burns, Browning, Shelley, Morris, etc., all told that this
great time was coming. In the next
fow years, Canada and England and
the whole world would be under the
Red Flag.   (Loud applause.)
Dr. Curry flnishod with a pootic
prophecy of Ingersoll, of the time
when "Altars and Thrones hnve
mingled with tho dust," whon tho
world has " liberty at last complete,
and heavon is here." (Renewed applause.)
ed question being tarried, your
committee suggest that Division
101 elect a committee to draw up a
plan, or plans, to be submitted to
their membership for approval.
Wo also suggest tkat seniority be
retained in full foroe in regard to
Won't Accept Award
Sheboygan, Wis.—The American
Hide and Leather Company, and the
Badger State Tanning Company
have refused to accept an award by
the National War Labor Board, and
which applies to employees who are
members of the United Leather
Workors International Union. Tho
Badger Company is an Armour concern. The award provided that victimized trade unionists should be reinstated and that the companies
should recognize* the principle of
collective bargaining.
Vancouver Unions
ecutWe oommltte*: Preildent, E.
Winch; vice-president, J. Kevenegh;
tr-eMurer, F. Knowlee; lergeint-at-orrae.
W. A Alixwder; tnutm, W. A. Prltchard, W, H. Cottrell, O. Herdy, H. Outterldge: secret »ry\ V. B. Mldglef, Room
210 Libor Tomplo. 	
AtlttiP   Wdfttte  TttADEa  cdDtt'.
ell—Meeta    seoond    Monday    la    the
moath.    Preildent, J. T. McConnell; secretory, B. H. Moolsndi, P. O.Bei "
tlooal Union of America, Local No.
130—Meeti socond snd fourth TftMdoyo
In lb* montk, Room 306 Lsbor Temple.
President, O. B. Herrltt; secretory, 8. H.
Grant, 830 Ctmble Stroot. , -..
and Iron Ship Builders and Helper* of
America, Vanconver Lodge No. ' 104—
Meeti overy Monday, 8 p-m. President,
M. A. MeEMhera, 1345 Alberni '81.; see-
rotary-troamrer, Angus Fraser, - 1161
Howe Stroet; business agont, J. A,
Moore, Boom 312 Labor Temple.
and Rolnforoed Ironvorlteri, Local 97
—Moeta eecond and fonrth Mondaya.
Preaident Jai. Haatinga; flaanelal aeo
retary and treaiurer, Roy Hasaecar, 154ft
13th Ave. Eait.
Loeal   No.   SI7—Meata   every    aecond
Sid fonrth Monday evening, 8 o'clock,
abor Tempi*. Preaident, M. McKensle; aeeretary, J. R, Csroplwll; bnalneu
agent and financial iecretary, T. Thorn.
Roam 300 Labor Temple. Phono Bey.
218—Meeti In Room 807 Labor
Tomple, every Monday, 8 p.m. President. M. Burnes, 1163 Powell Street: re-
oordlng soontary, W. Foulkea, 440 Pendor Btreet West; financial iecretary and
bualneaa agent, E, H. Morrison, 440
Pender Street West; assistant iecretary,
F. Tf. Burrows.
ployees, Local 38—Meets every Snt
Wednesday ln the month at 2:30 p.m.
and .every third Wednesday In the month
at 0:80 p.m. Preildent, Harry Wood;
aocrotary and busineu agent, W. Mackensle, Room 309 Labor Templo. Phone
Soy. 1681. ORUa hours; 11 to 13 noon
8 to 6 p.m.
era* Union—Meet* Snd and 4th Fridays, 305 Labor Tomple, Preildent, W
Holmoi, Colonial Apts., Burrard Street;
necre tary-treasurer, D, J. Snell, 916
Dunamutr Street.
Wow we wll all he buy mi km*?* Krdt
wtth ntr cl*aninix pamting end fining
SPRINGTIME'S spirit ia "catching" and wt don't wm
Mother Nature to outdo in in drawing ap.   Gat MMwl
eariy with thtt spring's ovtritauling—and get your ttppfc*
from ui.    Wa have everything you need for painting, fceaudfr-
ing and preserving your property.
Call todajr ind me our Hook—ktiututCMt mMMhbuid aaiaM.
Hunter-Henderson Paint Go.    I
620—Meats every Monday, 7:80 p.m.,
Labor Temple. Preaident, Dav* Hodge,
677 Ricbarda Street, City; vice-president,
Frank Hunt, 1923 Second Avenuo Woat;
secretary-treasurer and builneai agent,
W. A. Alexander, Room 216 Labor Tom-
pie.   Phone Seymour 7495.
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meeta A. 0. F. Hall, Mount Pleasant,
let and Srd Mondaya at 8 p.m. Preaident, W. H. Cottrell; recording iecretary, A. V. Lofting, 2561 Trinity Street,
tihono High. 168R; treaiarer, E. 8. Clan-
and; financial iecretary and bulnaaa
agent, Fred A. Hoover, 3409 Clark Drive,
ofllce corner Prior aaa Main Streets.
America, Local No. 179—Mooting! hold
flrst Monday in each montb. 8 p.m. Preaident, Joseph O'Connor; vlee-preaidoat
A. Beamish; nSbrding aeoretary, Mra.
F. A. Dolk. P. 0. Bos 608. Phona
Sey. 628 lL; flnanolal aeeretary,' Robt.
McNeiah, P. 0. Box 508,
feur'a Union, Local No.' 065—Meeta
overy 2nd and 4th Wednesdays 8 p.m.
President, W. M. Brown; business agent,
F. Haslett, 135 Fifteenth Avenue East;
financial secretary, Birt Showier, 1130
Robson Street; phone Bey. 6679. Oslo*
687 Homer Streot.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UN10I* __»'.' **«—
Meets last Bunday of each month at
3 p.m. President, W. H. Jordan; vice-
president, W. H. VonhifJ; secretary-
treasurer, R. H. Neelanda, Box 66.
Provincial Unions
B. 0. tOQOERS' UNION—Aftllated
with B. C. Federation of Labor and
Vancouver Tradei and Labor Couneil—
An lnduatrial union of all workera In
logging aad construction campa. Head-
quartero, 01 Cordova Btreet Weat, Vancouver, B. 0. Phoae Sey. 7856. B.
Winch, aeeretary-treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird, Maedonald A Co., Vancouver, B. 0.; auditors, Messrs. Buttar
tt Chlono, Vancouver, B. 0.
In annual convention in January. Executive offlcen, 1916-19; President,
Duncan McCallum, Labor Temple, Vancouver ; Tlce-presidenta—Vancouver Ialand. Walter Head, South Wellington;
Victoria, J. Taylor; Princo Rupert, W.
E. Thompson; Vancouver, E. Wind, W.
R. Trotter; New WeatmlniMr, P. Peebles; Wast Kootenay, Mareas Martin,
NeUon; Crow's Nest Past, W. A. Sherman, Fernie. aecretary-treaaurer, A. B.
Wella, Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.,
Vaneouvar, B. C.
Association, Local 8863—Offloe and
hall, 804 Pender Street Woat. Meots
flnt and third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secre-
tary-treasi* ->r, 0. Thomaa; business
agent, A. Hill.
Butcher Workmen's Union No. 648—
Meets flrst and third Tuesday* of ench
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
H. E. Wills; recording secretary, Fred
Lilly; financial secretory and business
agont,   T.  W.  Anderson,  S87 Homor St.
North America (Vancouver and vicln-
lty)-Jtr*iich meets second and fourth
Mondays, Room 304 Labor Temple. President, J. Banforth, Euclid Ave., Colllngwood East; flnanclal secretory and busl-
nesa agent. H. S. Nightspaies, 376—56th
Ave. East, South Vancouver; recording
socretary, E. Westmoreland, 3247 Point
Orey  Road.   Phone  Bayvlew 29701..
Fasteners, I.L.A., Local Union 38A,
Series 5—MeetK the 2nd and 4tli Fridays
of the month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m.
President, John Hully; flnanolal aeeretary, M. A. Phelps; business agent and
corresponding seoretary. W. Lee. Offlee,
Room 219-230 Labor Templr
Special    Committee    on   Internal
Troubles Makes Its
The troubles betwoen sections of
tho stroet railway men baving boon
brought to tho attention of the central body, u Bfieciul committee was
appointed to go into them, and as
the matter is one of considerable
importance, the report in full is
published, so tbnt ail members ofr
the organization may have tho details.   The report is as follows!
Your committeo, having carefully considered the evidenoe submitted to us by the parties affected,
liavo arrived at, tho following conclusion:
A serious situation is existing in
Division 101 of the Btreet Railway-
men's AsHOciation, and your eom-
mittee realizes thnt it behoovos
overy mombor of tho division to
give tbis mntter his earnest consideration and to endenvor to forget
tho' tforsonal feelings which hnvo
arifr'ti during the discussion of the
wh strongly urge thut the mem-
barship will look into the matter in
the spirit contained in their pre-
umblo to tbeir constitution, viz,,
"~V establish order, insure harmony, promoto the general causo of
humanity and brotherly loco, etc."
WVrenliKO that both (whall w_ aay
factions!) havo committed indiscro-
tiOnji whieh ws believe thoy would
not Jiuvo dono had a little patience
beep,.exercised by both parlies,
[ijf .view of the industrial unrest
Unt-'Js prevalent throughout the en-
tii-8,,world, we feel that we cannot
top s[t ro ugly impress on tho division
to dispoao of differences that arise
from time to time and solidify thoir
forces so tbat they will bo ready for
tho larger issues that are bound to
arise in tbo very near futuro, and
from wliich the toiling masses must
com* out. victorious.
Wo therefor^ Huggest that the
Trades and Labor Council go on
record ns advising Division 101 of
the Street Railwaymon's Associa
tion to take u vote on the following:
"Aro you in favor of adopting
a flying-shift system t"
Wo would further suggost that in
view of the fact that this quostion
vitally concorns tho "Platform
M>ii" only, that the quostion bo
submitted to thom only.
Tn tbe event of the uforomonlion-
nnd  Operating   Engineers,    Loral   No.
and Labor Conncil—Meets flnt and
third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. President, fl. Simmons; vice-president, T.
Dooley; secretary-treasurer, Christian
Siverts, P. 0. Boi 802, Victoria, B. 0.
___________________________ V- I.
LOCAL UNION. No. 878. V. M. of A.-
Meets ilrst Sunday In every month 8
p.m., Richard Hall. President, Jaa. Bateman; vice-pros!denl, Andrew Parker; recording seoretary, Jas. Pearon; flnanclal
secretary. William AlaeJJonaid; treaeurer,
J. H. Kichardi
ers, Local 1777—Meets first and third
Mondays in I. 0. 0. P. Mall, Lower Kieth
RoaiI East, at s p.m. President, H. H.
Poster; financial secretary, VV. C. Smith,
cor. ■Siititi'-l-in-i aud Kluth Road East,
North Vancouvor.
bor Council—Meets second and fourth
Tuesdays of each month, in Carponters'
Hall. President, W. E. Thoiflpaoa; aeoretary, Geo. Kudderhaia, Bos 273, Prinoe
Rupert, B. C.
Suits and Overcoats tailored to special order.
We take your exact measures, describe your physique type, and the garment is finished to measure from the cloth you
Prompt delivery on the
day promised — tailored
on a five-day schedule at
our shops; sent to your
door, express charges
If not satisfactory, return.
Thomas & McBain
655 Granville Street
Patronize Federation iat  advert!**
era and toll them why you do ao.
Empire Oil
Capitalisation only $250,000     WELL NOW DRILLING      Holding* 080 Aero
The holding, of this company arc situated near Aldergrovo in the Langley Municipality, which is recognized as the best location in the Fraser Valley for Oil. The
drilling of the well is under the supervision of Mr. Roy J. Widnty, who has had
twenty years' experience in the California and Alborta Oil Fields and is considered
onc of the best drillers in thc country. A heavy standard rig, capable of going
down 5000 feet if necessary is now being installed, which, when completed, will
be the largest and most up-to-date plant in British Columbia.
Action Not Words Our Motto
The Empire Oil Oo., which started in a small way, against all kinds of obstacles
and opposition, has quietly forged ahead until today it ranks flrst in the field
with the beit location, the belt driller, thc best equipment, and we believe will have
the flrst commercial well.
Invest your money in a company that is actually drilling and trying to accomplish something—you are guaranteed a square deal and a run for your money un.
der an honest, capable management.
Empire Oil is absolutely the best buy on the market today at 10 oenta per share.
Prices subject to advance at any time without further notice. It will pay you to
investigate this conipany before placing your money elsewhere.
Pacific Coast Development Co., Ltd.
, Phone Seymour 1489
Open Evenings 419 PENDER STREET WEST Your
Easter i
CgnnUt 1918 nut SctaH-Ki & Mux
0 you like a good Worsted or a
Tweed, in grey or brown?
We have them with the guaranteed
"Canadian" label—perfectly tailored
suits that will wear long and give good
satisfaction. The price is important,
too, because it's low compared with the
.value of the clothes!
y  153 Hastings Street West
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Try to Railroad Roberts
Out   of   Silverton
(Continued trom page 1)
.amimjlBb beak bed
(Continued from pnge 1)
-et the picture ot this court before the world in that equisite,
sentimental comedy.
Lilacs and Panalet.
Mlae bushes burdened the Utile areaway with their first spring
iragrance. Pansy beds were at
"fitly doorstep. iBrlck walls had
'am scrubbed and dusted till they
.ehed.    The  atmosphere  vas   of
gether we went to the constable,
Qeorge M. Gunn, of New Denver.
1 asked the constable to read the
resolution and tell me if it were
a legal act to forbid the holding
of a political meeting of the Federated Labor Party. He refused
to say yes or no. I asked him
then if in the event of my holding
the meeting and conducting aame
In a legal manner, he could assure me of the protection of the
law. He relied, "I will not say
one way or the other." I then
asked him if he would come with
me to the union secretary's olllce,
my object being to get him to repeat his statements in the hearing of witnesses. He came, and
1 again questioned him, and he
again refused to grant mo protection to hold a lawful poUtlcal
meeting, or to say whether, in hiB
judgment, such a meeting as pro-
osed were lawful or not. I then
drew up an affidavit, of which the
following is a true copy:
"Silverton, B.C., April 10, "1919
■We, the undersigned, George P.
Stirling, James A. Moir, Thomas
Roberts, P. M. Heeder, Jos. Seals,
hereby declare that" George M.
Gunn, of New Denver, constable,
refused, in the presence of us, to
aay that he would grant protection
to George P. Stirling in the holding of a public meeting under the
auspices of the Federated Labor
Party, and further refused to say
whether such a public meeting
were lawful or unlawful.
"Signed)   George P. Stirling,
"James A. Moir,
"Thomas Roberts,
"P. M. Reeder,
"Joe Scata.
"Subscribed and sworn to before
me at Silverton, B. C, this 10th
day of April, A.D. 1919.
"(Signed)   J. W. Tinling,
"(Sealed)        Notary Public."
There is much talk these days
by the hirelings of caltal about
the   co-operation   of  Capital  and
Labor.   There is no danger of any
man  or  woman   acquainted  with
the labor movement or economics
being hoodwinked by any such a
deathbed  repentance ou the part
of capital.   But if there should be
any   who   have   cherished   fond
I flowers  and   spring   and   simple
tt an. nv r knave, tiav homes.     And half   a  mile away
W^° 0NJATOEB DAY | marched   the   men   hi   honor   of
Jaures by tens of thousands and
every   man   a   potential   powder
On Juares' doorstep stood four
men. Three were ln the soft
black, flat top Fedora, flowing
black tie, pointed' beards, and belllike black overcoates and suits to
match that we have come to associate with the Parisian journalist.
So they were — editors of the
three great Socinlist newspapers
of Prance. The fourth, I swear,
was my barber.
By  common   understanding the
Working Boots
Three Big Specials for .Saturday's Selling
AT 94.96—This lot comes in black or tan, double soles, leather
insole, and counters. Comes in plain toe or toe-cap. 0A QC
Regular $6.50.   Special q>*t«570
AT 18.26—This lot also comes in black or tan, but is a finer built
•boot The soles arc Goodyear welted and the uppers arc Urus calf.
AH leather heels and counters, and plain toe or _[£_ OC
toe-cap.   Regular »8.50.   Special  sPOa-fcO
AT t7.60—PARIS HAND MADE—with chrome or oil tan uppers,
solid leather solos, heels and counters. This boot is all hand made
end g-aarantccd.   All sizes.   Regular $10.00. far*  vn
Speeial    * « •««'
Bring in Your Repairs and Oet Real Satisfaction
Pierre Paris
Boot aad Shoe Manufacturers, 64 HASTINOS WEST
One Door West of Columbia Theatre
Mom Beymour 4716
parade did not leave the boulevard at the point nearest the
Jaures home. The committee delivered the wreath.
Crowd Before Bust,
At the Place de la Henry Martin,
stands a bust of Jaures, a great
congestion occurred. His marble
bust was buried in red flowers,
worn by two of every three you
met on the boulevard. Our car, in
which were two American colonels,
a lieutenant, secretary to a peaee
commissioner, and two photograph*
ers, attracted no more attention
from the marchers or gendarmes
than if we had ben snug at home.
The mind ot the marcher was on
other things.
With the congestion at its greatest a big sightseeing truck filled
with doughboys plowed through the
crowd. A doughboy, In perfect
good nature, called to our chauffeur
and asked him, "What in hell's lt
all about?" and our chauffeur answered, "Damned If I know."
And that is exactly the attitude
of mind today at the Hotel Crillon,
at the Qual d'Orsy, or wherever Bit
those few through whose hands
wind the slender threads of destiny.
They do not know just what is
means or how to answer lt
Statesmen at Sea.
They frankly ask:
"Does ft mean merely a protest
against the verdict in the trial?
Does It mean the first rumble of
open discontent with the delay ln
peace proceedings? Does it presage a fall of the ministry that was
great in war, but has lost the workers' confidence in peace? Does It
go deeper to the foundation of the
All feel the answer will soon be
written. The red flag hns been unfurled in the capital of the world.
Whether it was to mark a passing
protest or to warn of tomorrow Is
for the wise men to guess.
My most vivid recollection of the
parade was at its close. Behind us
for miles stretched a black river of
See," shouted a msn who leaped
on the curb for a better look, "today we show ourselves, our
strength; next time we shall use it."
Store epotta it I -ua. Md cloaca at 6 p.m.
Saturdar. 0 p.a.
Easter Millinery
Large Shipment of Vogue Hate—Just In
IT would be difficult to over-estimate the
importance of the Easter Hat at this season. Certainly its importance is realised
here, where specialising is a most important feature. The loveliest creations of this
new season may be found in this new assortment of vogue models. Hats for street,
dress or sports wear are featured in great
—First Floor
Trefousse Gloves
The best Gloves made in France.
The best Glove sold in Canada.
A   style   for   every   hand —yours
575 Granville St
TeL Sey. 3540
hopes that the Lion of Capital and
the Lamb ot Ltbor can ever Ue
down together, this development
of the veiled attacks of capital
against organised labor whether
industrial or political, will immediately , remove those
hopes from their minds.
Shows How
Could Enforce Economic Equity
Published weekly.
$1.60 a year to Canada
"The "Almighty Dollar", "Cooperation '',   etc.,   froe,   if   you
mention this paper.
Box 96, Longbranch, Wash.
During the past few days
Joseph Naylor, organiser for the
One Big Union, has been expelled
from Trail and Silverton. Alex.
McKensle, organiser for the Log*
gers' Union, has been expelled
from Cranbrook and forcibly relieved of moneys belonging lawfully to that union, and George F,
Stirling, organiser for the Federated Labor Party, a purely parliamentary organisation, has been
accused of being an undesirable
citizen, has been refused the assurance of police protection and
has been prohibited from holding
political meetings at both Silver-
ton and Nakusp.
The hypocritical ending of the
above resolution offering to hear
George F. Stirling at a later date
and pay hts expenses, can be well
understood when it-Is pointed out
that he was prevented from speaking at Nakusp through communications from Silverton.
The treatment ot returned soldiers by the mine owners at Anyox, B C, in being offered prewar wages plus 60 cents a day to
replace civilians on strike, and
the attitude of the G.N.R. in dismissing Chinamen car cleaners
who wore receiving 37 cents per
hour, being the McAdoo award,
and employing returned men at
32 cents an hour, evidently assessing our war heroes at Ave cents
an hour less than Chinamen to
be sufflclent to convince the soldiers that they ought not to allow
themselves to be made the tools
of capitalists in breaking up the
unions and attacking organised labor.
ThlB is the third attempt that
has been made to railroad T. B.
Roberts, the secretary ot, the
Miners' Union, out of Silverton,
and Is a groat testimony to his
ability to organizo the miners and
protect them. It was noticed that
whilst tho G. W. Veterans  were
psrading Silverton, Logan McPhle,
foreman of the Standard mine, Silverton; DeLashmutt, superintendent of the Standard mine, and Angus Melnnis, mining recorder, New
Denver, were also with the men,
tond * perhaps by a coincidence, perhaps not.
The attitude ot the constable
also can be understood when It
Is pointed out that two of his sons
are in the G.W.V.A. of Slocan.
Organised labor, through its organizers have been for months attempting to steer the revolutionary movement which Is hanging
like Ute sword of Damocles over
the country, away from anarchy,
disorder and bloodshed, but the
powers that be are doing their
utmost to bring about a conflict,
and if citizens are to be refused
the protection of the law lt will
become necessary for citizens to
protect themselves to the utmost
limit which the law allows to
men, menaced by violence and unprotected by the police. Workers of the World, Awake!
sorb some ot Un unemployed, ay
relieving the congestion ln the
labor market. In Europe the workers are getting control. In this
country the returned men are getting to better understand that the
cause for which they fought, the
promises whieh have been made
them are not meeting with expectations, the word is being broken and
nothing will hold them in cheek
when their means are exhausted.
There shall be no bloodshed in this
country it we can prevent it. We
don't want them to riot tor food
bat to have the chango brought
about as peacefully as possible. The
trouble is, the employing class are
so blind they cannot see the outcome of their actions. We must
limit the possibilities of an outbreak by pointing out to the workors the effect. You who are returned soldiers, when you talk about
these things remember they will
not hesitate to sacrifice any one
of you, your wife or your daughter.
They will sacrifice you before they
will part with one cent of their
profits. We have had lour and a
half years of war. Tou have produced all the requirements besides
helping to fill up the Atlantic
Ocean. When the four or five mil-
HonB return is it not easier for all
to produce all that is required and
a great deal more, and with less
trouble? The authorities do not
appear to take cognizance of the
after war effects or they would
move with a sense ot their responsibility. It must be apparent to all
of you that concerted action is
likely to produce greater results in
collective bargaining than by the
present method. The present division among laborers compells workers to act In accordance with their
craft interests. You cannot get In
touch* with general Industrial conditions while so divided, it the International heads are sot In touch
with the rank and file and the rank
and file start to move, so much the
worse for the International. It is
not a question of forcing the One
Big Union down your neck—it can't
be done. You have got to do It
and are moving because circumstances compel it. It Ib the natural
evolution of our Industrialism. The
Intelligence of the workers will be
Indicated by the results of the ballot now before you. It the vote is
in the affirmative, an executive
ehosen from each central body will
draw up a Constitution and Bylaws. This again will be resubmitted to you for amendment or acceptance before it is flna'ly adopted.
The chairman reported a collection of over ttiO to defray the expenses of the meeting. A number
of questions were asked and answered, after which the platform
was thrown open for those who felt
like criticising or opposing the
change from present methods, to
the One IBg Union.
Hotel and Restaurant Employees
The Hotel and Restaurant Employees Union hold their regular
meeting on Wcdnosday afternoon,
considerable discussion came up on
the question of the "Ono Big
Union," and decided the executive
arrange to havo the ballot sent to
all members, and fix a date to take
a vote ou the six-hour day, and the
Onc Big Union. Tbe locnl has decided to move to more commodious
quarters ot prosent ia thc Labor
Templo, as it is too small, and being
a mixed local, fully fifty por cont.
being girls, it was considered advis*
ablo to secure a business office and
rooms adjoining. The now quarters
are situated at 614 Pender streot
west, and comprises a meeting room,
office also two other rooms, one for
the girls, and a room for thc boys.
Arrangements are being mado to
hold the next nieeting in the new
YOU'LL FIND no more stylish clothes any where than in our tig new
Spring atoclw. TU«y are just the kind ol clotltw you * want to
wear, and there's no reason why you ihould not - have them, either, ■
especially when" you can purchase them on such convenient and eaay terms
as wo offer. Come iu and get acquainted—we'll be glad to explain oar
Masterly tailored garaents-*-every one,   Produced In the leading fashion
centres, from the latest and -belt wearing material, in all the aew and
wanted colore.. Haiti "from 132.60;   Coata from |22.60; DreBaes from
|17,»9, Skirts from 16.50.
Made by Canada's leading-tailors la atylea to suit all ages, prised from
128-60 ny.
Oppostt* Provinco OAm . Seymour ISM
quarters, Wednesday, April '23rd.
The. special-local.organizor granted
by the international, will commonco
his duties Thursday, the 17th inst.,
and any assistance tbat can bo rendered to him by tho rank and file
of the labor unions in trying to organize the Whito Lunches and other
eating houses that havo not signed
up with the union, will be appreciated. The loeal is holding anothor
dance on Good Friday, April 18, in
tho Auditorium, Pender street, and
from all indications, will be ono of
the best held this year. The loeal
wishes to thank thoso unions who
are distributing the cards sent to
them, and drawing the attention of
the unorganized workers to the
benefits of belonging to tho organization.
Want 44-hour Week
Boston—Inside Electrical Workers employed by tho local telephone
company arc conferring with the
company on the subject of n 44-hour
week,' Tbo preaent work'week is 48
Buy at a union store.
United Warehousemen's AsaocUtion
- Tho noxt regular meoting of tho
association will be held on the 25th
of April, and also the special meeting on April 30. All members are
requested to vote, and the ballot
papers will be mailed to them early
next week, and all are requested to
return them sa early as possible.
Members are also requested to see
that thcir due books aro marked up
to the end of April, in view of the
amalgamation on Hay 1.
Buy only from a union store.
Oppose Proposed Scale
Bakersficld, Cal.—Delegates ro-
presenting organized oil, gas and refinery workers held a meeting in
this city to protest against a reeont
wage award whieh increased rates
26 conts a day for singlo men, and
50 eents a day for married men.
These workers show that their employors have made fabulous profits
during the past several years, and
that thiB industry ean afford to pay
a nincreaso that will permit workers
to meet present-day living costs,
.$3* « $B
Black & White Hat Store
Corner Hastings and Abbott
(Continued from Page Ono)
You can get that new Spring Suit in
time for Easter—and pay for it later.
Our Pay-as-You-Wear plan makes it possible for you to get that new suiWeven if you
haven't the ready cash to pay for it.
Wo trnst yot. Call and pick out your suit—pay n small cash
iepo-jit—well arrange tne balance in small weekly instalments.
Onr Sntts are the equal of any offered
in the city.
Correct as to atyle—serviceable as te material—offered in n
of models and fabric* wbicb gives you ample choice—offered
at a price which means Teal values in Suits.
$25 to $50
342 HASTINGS ST. W. (Near Homer)
Easter Clothes
Buy the best when buying, they are cheaper
in the end, and more lasting, whilst the daily
satisfaction you get in wearing good clothes
more than makes up the difference, if any, between the cost of Fashion Craft Clothes and
those of inferior style, make and material.
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
you today. Continuing he aald:
"Certain men have been charged
with bringing tho One Dig Union
to Victoria, certain others to Vancouver. These men are only voicing the wishes of the workers and
if removed would not affect the
question at issue. It is the uprising of the mass against tbe ineffectual attempts o[ labor to secure redress by legislation. It is the result of governmental indifference
to the mass that the movement hus
tound Its Inception and avowed purpose. Those who oppose the change
Insist upon reading Into it the terms
I. W. W. and Bolshevik. Tho One
Big Union has for its purpose the
selling of labor power to the best
possible advantage and to do it by
methods which are move efficient
than by crafts. The weakness of
the prosent structure lay in having
to canvas the variouB crafts before
you can move in any direction.
Only by such a method can you as*
■= certain the nature of assistance you
are going to receive from them. The
om ployer takes advantage of the
lubor market In beating the worker
when a surplus of that commodity
is on the market. He is more amenable when the market Is against
him. There are rorty crafts represented on the Victoria Trades and
Lahor Council. Thoy are pulled
away from each other by International rules and regulations. If you
cut loose from the international the
Central Labor Body, a Central
Labor Executive acting In unison
will arrive at the best method of
achieving results and present the
workers with better opportunities
than thoee obtained under the craft
There are some who contend that
we don't like the International because it does not strike often enough in the workors Interest. We
oppose the International because
it strikes too often and Ineffectually. Wc do not believe In this
method of Industrial disruption;
we want little friction and with results. The world conditions now Is
entering upon a decreasing industrialism, and an Increasing unemployment* The Governments aro
assisting in a measure by paying
the soldiers six months wages upon
their discbarge. This is only a
temporary oxpedlent. The One
Mlg Union Is linked up with a demand for a six-hour dny. Wo do
not beltvo In riots or mob law; it
is the workers who suffer In a riot
aud wc must do all we can to prevent thefle conditions obtaining.
The six-hcur day will help to ah*
The Largest Outfitters for Men in the West
Honest Value in Men's
Suits at a Popular Price
TtrE SAY that it knocks them all cold—and, of course, we back
our judgment with the goods and the judgment of the men
who have bought.
Dick offers this suit as a steady seller—and it's sure a "corker"
for value—we want you men to judge the value for yourselves—
it's only necessary for you to see it to appreciate its real worth—
the value in it makes your dollars talk big.
—They come in tweeds and fancy worsteds—displayed in our
windows daily—not merely a bait to get you—but an actual seller
-a big seller at
—It's a wonder suit^-we can recommend it and back it up with
that household word—'Your money's worth or your money back.'
53-45-47-49, Hastings ShEasK


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