BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Apr 17, 1925

Item Metadata


JSON: bcfed-1.0345433.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345433-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345433-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345433-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345433-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345433-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345433-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Disousses   Matters  Relating  to
Educational Methodi in
Workon Control Industries and
Are Not Dictated to by
Phfocratic Philanthropy
Shackles College Freedom
lott Nearing]
jjere   have   been   a
1   V^nfflcant   deveiop-
DEFORE a capacity house at the
■^ Royal theatre on Sunday evening Misa Strong discussed the matters relating to education in Russia-
She said that education was regarded as the third "front." She pointed
out how the hope ot Russia was with
the young generations. The idea of
co-operation was much more readily
grasped by them during the formative
period of their lives. The demand
for knowledge, following the great
changes in Russia after the revolution, was tremendous, and the Russian government was trying by every
means within its power to meet
those demands. The Red army today was 100 per cent, literate. Everyone could read and write. Now
classes are being organized everywhere for the purpose of teaching,'.
Trains, boats, cars and every other
available medium ls being utilized
by the government to spreak knowledge and education among the
Spirit oi' Co-pporatlou
The great uH-RusBfan exhibition in
Moscow waa mentioned. It was pointed out how the spirit of co-operation
between the peasants and the industrial wo'kors was encouraged by
visits tu this exhibition and to the
industrial plants iu the city. As a
result, tho peasants were more tolerant of aud understood the needs
and demands of the city workers In
a manner that they could never have
otherwise. The difficulties met in
dealing with technical education by
the government in the early days
were referred to, of how the Intel
lectuat workers at the time of the
revolution struck. They finally came
back gradually, but many of them
are to this day drawing large salar-
ies, oft times much larger than their
superiors, who are members of the
communist party there. However, the
govornment is gradually getting
workers trained for all these technical positions so that ln the not too
distant future they will be in a much
better position so far as matters
educational are concerned.
Previous to the revolution the
technical education in Russia was
practically all In the hands of foreigners. Now, of course, this ia gradually being overcome, and those who
are not only capable but who have
the proper outlook in life and spirit
of cooperation are being encouraged
to take up this work. The enthusiasm on the part of the Russian people to learn is only equalled, Miss
Strong asserted, by the enthusiasm
and Ihn spirit uf service on the part
of those who have learned to Impart
their knowledge to others less fortunate. She gave several instances
of this and showed the part that
such a spirit was accomplishing in
matters of education with so little
As to Education
All the children ln Russia are by
no moans being educated. Compulsory education is not yet. Schools
ure too limited in numbers and flnan'
ces too limited to enable them to ac
commodate all those who como vol
untarlly. Especially is this true in
the country districts. In the city of
Moscow, however, they will soon
have reached that stage where they
can institute a compulsory form of
The method being adopted iu Russia Is what is known as the "com'
plex method." It deals with the pro
ductlve work of the community. It
deals with matters relating diroctly
to the problems of overyduy Ufe, It
takos up the question of whore their I
agricultural products go and of what
thoy get in return for their products, j
In tbe schools themselves there has
been Introduced a great amount of
Children's Colonics
Miss Strong spoke for some time
regarding the work amongst the
childron and tho formation of children's colonies. She hus the guardian"
ship of a colony in the Volga district.
Here they are trying to organize a
modern American farm school which
tho children are operating themselves, and last year became self-
supporting. It is their objective to
organize several of such colonies.
Such colonies are encouraged and
assisted by the government where-
ever possible.
The standard of life In Russia today wus low in comparison with our
standard but it was equal too lf not
much Improved over what lt was
previous to the revolution, and ls
gradually Improving and will continue to improve as time goes on
Wages were low, but there was not
that lack of security for the average
worker that there was to be found
in America. In America the workers had no say whatever ln the management of industry nor did they
profit from its earnings.
Workers Control Industries
In   Russia  the workers  have  the
(Continued on page 4)
number i
ments in conne "*fc with philanthropic in the United States. John D.
Rockefeller donated $1,600,000 for
the Imperial University of Tokio and
$1,000,000 for the New York Museum; Eastman and Duke have given
extensive sums to Rochester and
Duke universities.
And now comei, Nicholas Murray
Butler, In his annual report, with
this significant comment: He says
that Columbia. University ls badly in
need of funds, but that under present conditions these funds cannot
be secured because taxes are
high that there is nothing left to
give. He therefore suggests the very
imperative necessity of reducing taxation. But unless he ls wilUng to
maintain that taxes' have diminished
the surplus in the hands of the owning class he wtll have to admit that
taxation cannot have any effect, for
if his theory is correct, it ls the
amount of surplus that is the determining element. It ls true that taxation ls higher, but lt is also true
that interest, dividends, etc., have increased, so that after taxes are deducted the rich still have more
wealth than they had thirty yoars
Men like Carnegie and Rockefeller had an humble background, with
limited needs, and spent a great portion of their lives hard at work
collecting wealth.    With  the second
History of Movement Goes Baok
About One Hundred
One-Fifth of Population Will Be
Supporting Other Four-
[By w. W.]
HAVE just been reading a book
published 1924, written by Dr.
Marie Carmichael Stopes, called "Contraception {Birth Control): Its History, Theory and Practice. A Manual
for The Medical and Legal Professions." There are lntroduct Ions by
Professor Sir William Bayllss, Sir
James Barr, and other noted people.
Sir James Barr, in his introduction
nnd in regard to degenerates, says:
At present the lower fourth—including the submerged tenth—of the population is producing more than half of
the next generation. At this rate
of decadence it will soon happen, if
it has not already occurred, that one-
fifth of the population will be supporting the other four-fifths," and he
udds, that "while the virility of ihe
nation wus carrying on the wnr thn
derelicts wero currying on the ruce."
This is the opinion of the ex-president
of tbo British Medical association with
regard to the population of Qreat
Britain, and will, no doubt, just as
truthfully npply to Canada and other
countries. Dr. Murie Stopes truces
through this book the history of the
"birth control" movement, which goes
buck nbout one hnudred yenrs, and
stutes that "contraception" propaganda hns been going on in Oreat Britain during thut period. There was n
prosecution of Bradlaugh und Mrs.
Besnnt in 1877 for reprinting n pum
phlet by Dr. Knowlton, u pamphlei
thnt bad then been published nnd
circulated for forty years. This prosecution was, however, due to the fn
elusion in pamphlet of some obscene
pictures added thereto by some othor
person who hud copied the book. As
u result of tbls trial tbo Malthusiail
leaguo was formed, with Charles
Bmdlaugh ns Its first president, and
Mrs. Annie Besant ns secrotary. Another Inw ense was brought by Dr.
Allbutt in 1888 for huving his namo
erased from tho register by tbo genernl medical council, because he published tho "Wifo's Handbook," ut so
low a price. Dr. Allbutt himself first
look his case to the luw courts and
brought an action for damages and
restoration to the medicul register,
but was non-suited und failed In his
Dr. Troll in 1866 published n book
In America entitled "Sexual Physiology," and, shortly afterwards, in
Qrent Britain, which had a wide and
unfettered   circulation.
In the year 1878 Anthony Comstock
was successful in having a law passed
In the United Statos dealing with
obscene language, pictures, etc.. and
slipped in the words "prevention of
conception," nnd Dr. Stopes deals at
length with the history of this bill
and how it was slipped across congress. This act Is still In force in the
United States, and the Voluntary Pnr-
enthood league fs trying to have n
short bill passed removing the two
words "preventing conception" from
tho act of 1873.
Until 11)20 there was no law ngninst
contraceptive knowledge In Franco,
In this year, howevor, an extraordinary bill wns passed making oven
scientific consideration of contraception a criminal offense.
fand third generations the volume
of wealth ls not in the hands of
the people who made it, but to a
very measurable degree ln the hands
of people who have never done any
work and whose one object in Ufe
Ib to spend money. Standards of
living have increased; surplus funds
available to Ur. Butler have correspondingly dlmlshed, It seems to
me that Mr. Butler is making
grave error when he. assumes that
It Is Increased taxation which is drying up the sources of phllanthrophy.
Meaning of Phllanthrophy
What is phllanthrophy? It is the
willingness of a small group of rich
people ln the community to part
with considerable sums and turn
them over for some public purpose,
But there are certain common char'
acteristics of phllanthrophy. Carnegie pointed thts out in a paper,
The Gospel of Wealth," which he
contributed to the North American
Review in June, 1889. He says that
wealth can be disposed of in one
of three ways—inheritance, establishment of trusts, or gifts during
the Ufe of the owner. He says that
the man of wealth should "consider
all surplus revenues which come to
him simply as trust funds, which
he Is called upon to administer."
In the Middle Ages there was a
law by which the eldest son inherited the estate. That system held the
property intact. But now property
is not so easily disposed of because
it is so diffuse. And the outright
gift is not a' happy method. It
subjects the donor to all kinds of
petitions and complaints, and he
seeks relief by putting It into the
hands of a business organization
called a foundation. The possessor
of large wealth finds it impossible,
therefore, to give tbat wealth personally, and so hands It over to some
board of trustees. The "trustee of
the poor" surrenders his trustee
ship to a group of secondary trusts.
In a villago, as long as the people
know one another, the job of phil-
anthropdy Is done personally by peo
pie helping each other out. In New
York people do not know each other
and do not care to, and regard any
attempt In that direction as an im-
pertince, so that nelghborllncss is
turned into charity organizations,
with a„oopli]g agents and card catalogues, whereby we pretend that we
can do what people did when they
lived In villages. Manifestly, tho
problem is a different kind of problem. Phllanthrophy 1b no longer a
matter of noblesse oblige or generosity; the trustee holds his job just
he would hold a job selling butter
and eggs. So that Mr. Butler is living
in a day flrst, where there are much
higher standards and therefore much
less surplus, and second, where the
business of giving is taken out of
the hands of generous Individuals
and put Into the hands of business
Shaping .Education
Phllanthrophy may be used, first,
to advance tho revolutionary move
ment, to direct a campaign ngainst
the established order. But the
chances of this aro pretty remote,
The owners of wealth are In business
to stay, not to go. Second, phllan
tbrophy may be employed in the
interests of tbe sub-normnl—people
poor, sick, or out of work. When
It comes, however, to tbe very large
phllanthrophy In the United States
a different line has been followed.
Tho wealthy do not give primarily
to the support of subnormal individuals, but to the support of public
institutions—educational and rellgi-i
ous in large part, and research to
a lesser degree. Whnt does It mean
to have tho weulth power centered
in a university? In (he caso of the
Duko University Fund nt Durham,
the official statement of tbo bonrd
of trustees implies that Duke just
happened on Ibis university and
found it exactly to his lilting. Probably
on the contrary, tbey u^ked him for
the money, bo lnld down certain
prerequisites, nnd the gift was then
How can it bo possiblo tbat an
institution whicb needs a new dormitory will not be influenced by the
fact that tbe donor holds certain
views on certain questions? If the
institution goos to hfm and asks for
money lt will shnpo its policy uccord
Ingly. One follows the other just
ns consistently ns night follows dny.
If, by converting wealth from personal property into trusteeships, tbe
owning class provides tbo income for
institutions, with a consistent policy
curried on generation after generation, just so long will the rich be
In n position to decido the policy of
A Sign of Social Disorder
Whnt Is tbe chnructer of this phllanthrophy? A philanthropist hus
nil he wants to oat and spend, and
when ho gets through living he bas
so much left over tbat ho can give
millions away. Whon you soe phllanthrophy you know that wealth Itf)
unequally distributed. Tho extent of
tbnt maldistribution Is measured by
tho extent of phllanthrophy.
Wo think of ourselves as Iho most
generous poople In tho world. Not
at all; we are tho richest nnd have
tho richest ruling class, so that, our
surplus being largo and concentrated,
(Continued on page 4)
Says Canadian Labor Party Does
Not Voice Sentiments of
Organised Workers.
[\How Federal Government
Does Things at Ottawa
Trades Congress Recognized Authority to Speak for Trade
Unionists; of Canada.
AN Ottawa press dispatch says that
*** Tom Moore, president of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada,
stated in an interview Monday morning that the resolution demanding
completo independence from Oreat
Britain, which was passed hy the convention of the Ontario section of the
Canadian Labor Party, does not voice
the sentiment of the organized workers in Canada.
"For the last 40, years," Mr. Moore
said, "the Trades and Labor Congress
of Canada has been the recognized
authority to speak for the trade unionists of Canada on legislative matters. Foiled in their attempts to
capture the trade union movement
through the Trades and Labor Congress the communists are now making
a political labor party the medium
of propaganda for their policies.
"The resolution referred to is somewhat similar to one introduced by
the communist minority in past conventions of the Trades and Labor
Congress, where they demanded severance of International affiliations
on the trade union field and setting
up a Canadian national automony.
"These policies, however, were
overwhelmingly rejected by the organized workers," concluded Mr,
R. J. 8. WOODSWORTH (Memberf of affairs, but lt la a necessary evil
while we have capitalism.
More or leas everyone seems to agree
that the shipping and transportation
companies are slightly greedy, to put
It mildly. It is obvious, however, that
they cannot think ln terms of human
livestock while their thoughts run
mostly to dollars and cents. They
are out to make huge dividends and
if they make these at the expense of
human happiness, well, it fs simply
one of the laws of the system under
which we live.
Mr. Woodsworth and his colleagues
are to be oommended for their efforts, and if they cannot get at the
remedies they seek, at least they bring
before the public and to the notloe
of their fellow-members, some of the
pressing needs of the present time,
(To Be Continued)
The J. L. L. made a success of
their record concert and dance on
Good Friday. The concert was en'
tirely by members of the league. It
was composed of a piano sool by Miss
Williams, songs by Mr. McLachlan
and Mr. Brown, a sketch by members of the league led by Miss Mabel
Rees, and a number of choruses by
the league. Miss Bnmon's orchestra
provided their usual brand of good
music for the dance.
The J. L. L. is as yet a new organization. Members are to be congratulated on the success of their
efforts both socially and educationally. The meetings have been well
attended and full of pep. Keep up
the good work.
The musicians' grand benefit concert promises to be a rare musical
treat par excellence, There will be
massed bands and orchestras, comprising 100 performers, all of the
very best. They will be ably assisted
by tho following popular artists:
Miss Barbara Custance, 15-year old
pianlste; Miss Iabelle MoEwen, dramatic soprano; Mr. Walter Wright,
baritone; Mr, Percy Harvey, Mr.
Will Edmunds and Mr. Sydney Holland, instrumental trio. This splendid
ensemble will lake place at the Orpheum theatre, 765 Granville street,
next Sunday evening, April 19, commencing at 9 o'clock. Thero will be
u silver collection for admission, the
performance being in aid of tho Musicians' Benevolent society.
Building Trades
Indianapolis, Ind.—Commissioner
Dynes reports two settlements In the
building trudes situation in Indiana
polls. The painters have agreed to a
renewal of tbe 1924 scale, with minor
modifications. The bricklayers hav
also reached an agreement provld
ing for n continuation of the 1024
Jiirlsriicljiiiuil Trouble
Ind lunn polls, Ind.—The jurisdictional dispute between the bricklayer*
uud plasters on the Sellg building
Indianapolis, Ind., hns boon settled
Commissioner Dynes reports that the
work in question has boon divided
between the two crafts.
and War
THOSE Individuals, or groups,
wishing to get pamphlets
which have just recently been
printed aro urged to send fn
tbeir orders at once. Thero are
only a limited number printed.
,Thoy are tiie following:
By Mrs, Rose Henderson
10 conts,
By George F. Stirling
6 cents.
Theso pamphlets are well written. They contain a woalth of
Information, and are, to soy
tho vory loast, thought-provok-
Send In  Vijur Orders nt Onco
You Cannot Afford To Bo
WHtHlUt Thrill
for Centre Winnipeg) created a
slight disturbance In the house of
commons by his resolution which
read as follows: "That In the opinion
of the house, if at any time during
first two years after his arrival in
Canada, any Immigrant is unable to
obtain employment, the federal government should accept full responsibility for his maintenance." Which
is, being interpreted, that the federal
government should acknowledge the
Idiocy of Its present immigration policy, or rather lack of policy, and in
the event of a continuation thereof,
should pay the penalty. Such a resolution was too "ridiculous," too "insignificant" to merit government attention; and too highly flavored with
"socialism" to merit government approval.
Mr. Irvine's amendment to the resolution "went one better". He moved
that tbe government, having no satisfactory policy, either for alleviating
the suffering of the victims of unenv
ployment, or for providing a remedy
for the evil, shall resign. The government did not resign, however.
The prologue was somewhat as follows: Alberta Is to have a new industry. Cement, Ume, lumber and
hardware orders have been placed
with various firms, and incidently, to
meet the labor requirements of the
beet growers, an order has been
placed for twenty-five Russian German families with the C. P. R. colonization department.
Mr. Irvine questioned the wisdom
of this, In view of the fact, that there
is a surplus of labor already in the
country. Unfortunately, he asked two
questions In the same breath, namely,
whether the government had granted
a dominion charter to the bold sugar-
adventurers (capital is chary of Canadian enterprise, it would seem) and
whether the Importation of workers
was wise. He was rebuked for asking the first question, for he could
have obtained the information himself; the second question was ignored.
There seemed to be a great deal of
doubt in the minds of several members as to whether or not there was
any real unemployment in Canada,
and quite a lot of time was expended
In discussing anything but unemploy
ment. Tariff reform versus .free
trade, the question of expatriation of
French Canadians, learned discussion
about a procession which took place
in the year of grace 1891 (someone
suggested it was a funeral) all helped
to pass the time pleasantly, and at
the solemn hour of midnight, nothing more deffnlto than an adjourn-
met was reached, and the only outcome of tbe afternoon and evening
seemed to be a greater distance than
evor between the government and a
solution. Of courso, Mr. Murdock,
the minister of labor (his title is misleading) bas a cure for unemployment; he, or rather his department,
will and can secure nt any lime situations on tho farm for out of work
immigrants who are ready to engag*
in the same. (In spite of tho fact,
that farms are few and far between
where men can obtain work during
the winter months, just when unemployment Is most acute owing to the
closing down of certnin seasonal Industries. And in disregard of the fact
that such work would most likely be
underpaid—remunerated by merely
pocket money—which is alright (?)
for single men, but unfortunately
some of the immigrants and. native
sons huve heen unwise enough io contract liabilities.)
Thc unbiased render who seeks to
enlighten himsolf on the unemploy
ment question is strongly advised nol
to read the parliamentary reports. As
nforsald, many of the members ques
tlon tho presence of this blight on
Canadian prosperity! some who dp not
finest ion ft. regnrd it as a neees
sary ovil and if the Ameriean presl
dent of the Federation of Labor if
correct, there nre somo twenty million unemployed in the stales, while
Cnnada cun only bewail about -14
thousand Instead of n proportionate
million. (According tn G. W. V. A.
is tbls too conservative nn estimate.)
Considering Groat Britain's population and tbe number of bor unemployed, Canada's unemployed army ti
relatively surprisingly lnrge, and this
In spite of the fnct that in this country, there Is no "demoralising dole."
The inquirer who decides thnt there
Is unemployment fn this Innd of
promise will do well to separate the
sheep from (be goals beforo ho expends hfs sympathy unnecessarily, or
seeks solutions. For, as our friend
Mr. Murdock .tolls us. a "considerable
proportion of the unemployed will
not work, and "'ill not accept employment, no mntter how plentiful jobs
happen to ho," and a "considerable
portion of I hose belong to tho Anglo
Saxon race!" Which might be ln-f
torpreted as a hopeful sign, Perhaps
lho dosire for liberty und the call of
freedom is circulating so rapidly in
the blond of those people that tbey
refuse to be mem machines uny longer; they even decline tho bribe of
moro or loss comfortable slavery,
which honest labor holds out: and
they prefer the comparative miseries
of vagabondage. Or perhaps thoy consider tbe rush and whirl of modern
life a sacrilege, nnd prefer to paHS
along in tranquillity ovon nt tho expense of Calgary and Vancouver Mun
localities,   Tt is nn unfortunate state
About Russia
T. A. Barnard, bookseller and stationer, 63 Commercial street, Nanalmo, B. C„ has just received a number of official reports of the British
trade union delegation to Russia. The
report contains 234 pages, including
maps and Illustrations, irlce, fl.SO
post free.
Addreu on Bonis by Min Strong
in Ail Of Children's
Doctrines that have been derived
from no better original than the superstition of a nurse and the authority of an old woman may by length of
time and consent of neighbors, grow
up to the dignity of principles in
religion or morality. -Locke.
Fabian Society Declares It Is Impossible to Make Men Work
Essence of Religion Is Justice, the
Only Solution of Our
[By J. C. Harris]'
'"THESIS articles have advocated con-
slstently, the idea of making
everybody In Canada do their fair
share of the necessary work. The
plan suggested Is, that the nation begin to keep accounts with every citizen, in the same manner that We
farmers are taught to keep accounts!
with our animals and crops, so that
we may find out which animal or
crop Is a paying one.
At present we have the curious
custom established, that a person who
happens to have some money, how-:
ever obtained, need not do nnything1
useful. Custom has made tbis absurd idea nlmost sacred, for mankind
has worshipped all sorts of strange
gods. It is timo that we woke to
the fact thnt our worship of Mammon
is one of tbe most foolish nnd Immoral of all heathenisms.
We assort, that ouch individual is
In dobt to the community for the
goods und services that he, or she,
uses from duy to day, ulso for the
public services that mnko a civilized
existonce possible, and only by returning to society his, or her, equivalent of goods und services consumed
cnn the account be squared.
To tlie bost of my ability for the
past ten years I have been setting
forth those id ens. For the most part
they huve called forth utile comment,
tbey have received "the dreadful fate
of silence."
Ono essay on the subject had the
honor of being laid before tbo council of the Fnldnn society of London,
England, Through their secretary I
was informed tbat the ideu was Impracticable AS nil exporienco hnd
shown that it was impossible to make
mon work efficiently by force. Work
iu gaols and workhouses wns cited
as evidence.
Now criticism   by sucb a  body »t
Many State Banks Now Established and Money Loaned
to Peasants.
DEFORE a large audience in th*
Royal theatre on Sunday afternoon last, Miss Anna Louise Strong
gave a most interesting and Instructive address on Russia. Miss Strong
left Russia after Christmas and la
returning there again early next
month, where she will carry on the
work among the Russian children'?
farm schools.
During the early part of her address she told of the deplorable stats
of affairs existing in Russia during
the early daya of the revolution, of
how the blockade, famines, and civil
war played their part; and of how*
at this time, Russia was being attacked not only by Germany, but by
the allies as well. She pointed out
the enormity of the task that con-'
fronted those who had taken upoa
themnelves the task of reorganising
Russia, Of how, while carrying on
a reconstructive work, they had at
the same time to flght off many invaders.
Labor's Triumph
During the darkest hours in the
early part of the revolution, the work
of reconstruction had commenced.
Among the most outstanding in this
connection was the completion of one
of the first units in their great
scheme for the electrification of
Russia. This was considered one of
labor's first great triumphs over
chaos. In this connection she pointed
out how the newspapers of Russia
differed from those of America In
that they did not feature social
scandals and divorces and such like,
but rather they devoted their space
to purposes of education and aids to
reconstruction. She told of how ons
newspaper in a short period of time
increased its circulation from 80,000
to 260,000 by featuring contests and
essays regarding the best means of
self and social betterment.    -
Although tbere might not be apparent as marked changes during the
past year as ln previous years, still
the following figures showed substantial Improvement all along. There
was 8 per cent, more grain sown last
year than there was the year previous, livestock wan increased by 26
per cent., government state factories
by 33 per cent., goods carried on the
railways by 40 per cent., while the
currency of Russia In circuultlon had
been increased two and one-half
During tho past year Russia had,
she suid, been recognized by all tho
grent nations of the world, with the
exception of the United States, nnd
even they were discussing the calling
together of a commission to consider
the udvisfabllhy  of  recognizing Rus-
as  the   Fabian  society rep-
Is   very • welcome  and   very
for   I   know  no  higher i
My answer is:   Wo do not
Famine Still Present
Strong   told   of   the   famines
need to make men work efficiently,
luit sufficiently. John tho .Baptist in
bis camel's hair garment, with Ids
diet of locusts and wild honey gnth
ered by himsolf, wns probably a vory
inefficient workman nnd quite unable to havo supported a family by
such mentis, but he wus sufficient, he
maintained himself, until Herod clapped him In gaol. St. Paul would never
havu reproached him, for lie wus es-
sontlnlly honest.
If wo cnn lenrn lo co-operate successfully in Cnnndn, we certninly cnn
do all the essential work with a
moderate amount of labor for each
Individual. How little, or how much,
I mn utterly muihio to sny. It will de-
pond on two big factors, ono will be
our standard of living, the other th
quality of our co-operation. Tho art
of working harmoniously will hav
lie lenrnt, and, no doubt, there will
be bitter experiences and disappoint
ments to record.   -
Tbo experience of trying to mnko
mon \vork by forco In gaol, or the
poorhouse, Is hardly a fair test by
which to Judge the possibility of making tbe individuals of a nation do' prof ess! *
(Continued en page 2)
thnt havo been obstructing Russia's
progress. During the past five years
thoy have had three poor seasons.
Although this year tho area affected
by the faminine is only one half as
large lu extent, the intensity is much
more marked. Even now, it Js predicted that next your is not going to
be vory good since there bas not
been tbe snowfall tbat there should
havo been. However, now that transportation facilities huve so improved,
and government orgnnfaztfou Improved also, such famine us do
occur are being hotter looked after
und no outside appeals have been
mude of lute or ure likely to be mndo
In the future.
Railroads -A'e Excellent
When referring to transportation
in Russia, MIhs Strong said that tbo
servico now was excellent, Indeed, so
much so that she much preferred
travelling on a Russian than our
own truins. Thfs marked improvement in tamsportfllion facilities en-
aided the government lust year to
rush grain into tbe cooportitives In
the famine ureas and thus avoid
panics, which would have otherwise
occurred. Previously, under similar
conditions, the peasants sold their
ttle at ridiculous prices- und bought
grain io carry them over; now tho
govornment loans money to tbo peasants, their cuttle, ate, serving ns
security, thus tiding over the distressing period.
Many state bonks were now to be
found fn Russia and eo-opcratives
wcro being established on a very
grent scule, und It is til rough the
medium of these institutions tbat tbo
government is enabled to curry on
much of Its assistance for the pens-
ants and others.
As to Coiuiiiunlsni
The speaker said that  communism
as such was not in operation ln Russia,  but rather thftt  it whb a form
of   stato   capitalism,   controlled   and
operated   by   tho   communist   party,
Tbey woro not binding themselves to
nny  special   form,   but   were   rather
trying  to   work   out   that   particular
form of management that ls especially suitablo for any particular trade,
or   for  a"ny  special   disccontinued on Page 4) Page Two
seventeenth tear.  No. ie BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAY April  17,  192S
Published every Friday hy
The   BrltlBh  Columbia  Federatlonist
Business and Editorial Office,  1129 Howo St.
Tlie policy of Tlie B. C. Federationist Ib
controlled by tho editorial bonrd of the
Federated Labor Party of British Columbia.
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per
year, $1.50 for six months; to Unions
subscribing in a body, 16c per member
per month.
The Federationist is on  sale at the  following news  stands:
E. J. OALLOWAY 940 Granvillo Street
 1071 'Wnvhie'street
P. O. NEWS STAND 325 Granville Street
JOHN GREEN 205 Carrall Street
 Oor. Hastings and Columbia Avenne
 Oor. OarraU and Hastings Streets
...134 Hastings Street East
.136 Hastings Street East
.163 Hastings Street Weit
 Oor. Hastings and Abbott Streets
W. H. ARMSTBONG ...2402 Main Street
BEN TOON'S BOOK SHOP....421 OranvUle
EOUXT'S BOOK STOBE....313% Gamble St,
 ....909 Oeorgia Street West
 548 Georgia Street
PEOCHNATJ & GATES....169 Broadway Bait
P. TDBNEB 915 Main Street
B. A. WEBSTER 6993 Fraaer Street
SHOEMAKER & McLEAN....5 Lonsdale Ave
A, MONGEAM 754 Columbia Street
DEPOT NEWS STAND Interurban Depot
DAN MACKENZIE Columbia Street
., Oor. Yates and Oovernment
HORSE SHOE STAND, 1223 Oovernment St
W. .LEVY  644 Yates Street
T. A. BARNARD 63 Commercial Street
W. H. DENHAM -Newa Stand
ALEXANDER NEWS STAND-..™....-...-,-..
„ ...204 Eighth Aw. W„ Oalgary
BOSTON HAT WORKS  -•»••■•-"•
  -...109 Eighth Ave, W,. Oalgary
LABOB NEWS  •....»•■.
- 808 Centre Strset, Calgary
NATIONAL NEWS  __*""_;■;•
  304 Firat Street W., Calgary
 810 Second Ave. E., Oalgary
..April 17, 1926
TN another ipart of this issue there
appears a letter from Mr. H. W.
Watts, editor of the Labor Statesman. Mr. Watts states that "what
the F. L. P. refused to do, or could
not do, has been done by the C. L. P.
groups in the city, and in South
Vancouver and New Westminster."
He attributes the organization in
these places to the activities of the
0. L. P. Now, what are the facts:
As far as this city is concerned the
activities of certain people in the
C. L. P. did not help the civic campaign any. La,bur par ties were brought
into existence in various wards, and
they affiliated with the central council, but these parties only existed on
paper. There wus no membership
and the central committee had to do
the work. I
The Federated Labor Party Is not
forcing anybody to join its organization. All the forcing seems to come
from a certain element in the C.L.P,
All the F.LP. wishes is that the constitution of the C. L. P. be lived up to
until it has been changed. Surely,
this is not an unreasonable request.
So far as South Vancouver is concerned, they have practically the
same organization as they had laat
year under tbe name of the Labor
Representation Committee. As far
as political activities In this provinco
go, tho Socalist party of Canada may
bo given credit for tho educational
work, und tbe Federated Labor Party
for giving practical significance tu
that education by labor representation. Mr. Walts cannot say that wo
have refused to do anything, and if
we endeavour to do anything, say-
that we are trying to force people
into tbe F.L.P. If the constitution
of the CLP. is not lived up to now,
what guarantee have we got that It
will be lived up to aftor it hus been
changed, if il will suit the convenience of some people to violate it.
[The opinions and ideas expressed
by correspondents ore not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed is accepted by the management]
Lessons for Fruit-growers
Editor B. C. Federationist:   Lessons
fruit growers of B. C. can and should
learn  from   the   "blue  book"  on  the
Investigation of Fruit Combines on
the prairies.
1. Profit is the flrst consideration
of the combines.
2. To make that profit the combine
uses all ways and means, however
crudo, to get control of fruit, etc.,
grown in B. C.
3. By the control of B. C, fruit and
vegetables, etc,, the combine controls
the rest of the wholesale houses on
the Prairies.
4. That the combine on the prairies
Is helpless, If growers would get 100
per cent organized.
5. That the growers in B. C, 100
per cent organized, would be tho combine to market their own fruits and
vegetables to the wholesale trade.
6. The B. C. growers, becoming a
unit to market their own fruits and
vegetables, could develop a policy of
co-operation with the wholesale
houses, that would greatly assist in
stabilizing   prices.
7. By stabilizing prices, the wholesalers' profits would be stabilized, the
growers' returns stabilized; hence
faith and trust in the growers' own
brokerage offices would gradually
grow in strength and honor all round.
8. The fruit combines' methods are
negative, because the "blue book"
clearly proves: (a) A lack of common
honesty; (b) standard of honor zero;
(c) all disregard for decency in correspondence; fd) the cruedest and
cruelist of methods of getting rid of
all men in the fruit business detrimental to them, and who are earnestly and sincerely working for co-operation In marketing on up-to-date
9. The growers will havo to meet
these negative characteristics with:
(a) honesty of purpose; (b) by a
standard of honor that will build confidence; (c) by business Bagacity in
all departments, which only grows
from experience In marketing; (d) a
constant and consistent consideration
of the good and welfare of the growers, Individually and collectively, all
the time.
If these positive characteristics are
put Into effect, plus business tactics
governed by the same characteristics,
nothing can prevent the growers from
making a success of their new brokerage offices. VINDEX VERI.
April 9, 1925.
[By  Charles  Hill-Tout,  F.   R.   S.   C.fcharacter, that it was at once accep-
F. R. A. I. etc.]
(All Rights Reserved)
The People
The people Is a beast of muddy brain
That   knows   nol,  its  own  force,  and
therefore stands
Loaded   with   wood   and   stone;   tlie
powerless hands
Of a mere child guide lt with bit and
One kick would be enough to break
tbe chain;
But the beast   fears,   and   wbat   tho
child demands
It  does,  nor  its  own  terror  understands,
Confused  and   stupefied   by  bugbear.';
Most wonedrfull With its own bunds
lt ties
And gaga itself—gives Itself death and
For ponce doled out by kings from its
own storo.
Its own are all things between earth
nnd heaven;
But  this lt knows  not;   and  If one
To tell the truth,  It kills hfm unfor
given. — Tomusso      Campanellii
(1508 to 1639).
F. Ii. P. Vs. C L. P.
Editor B, C. FederationiBt: In last
week's issue of your paper, Angus
Maclnnis takes us to task because he
ls of the opinion that we "and a few
others" have "harbored a certain
amount of animosity toward the
Federated Labor Party." If by "animosity" he means that we are strlv
ing to do some Intensive organizing
on the political field, he ta correct,
That has been the aim of more than
"a few" .prior to and since the for-
matlon of the Canadian Labor Party.
What the Federated Labor Party re
fused to do, or could not do, has
been done by the C. L. P. groups in
the city and In South Vancouver and
New Westminster. It seems strange
that the F. L. P. could not function
properly in these places before, and
now that these C. L. P. groups are
active efforts are being made to
force" thom into the F. L. P. We
refer to Jack Woods' objection to
Maclnnis holding a gun up to the
South Vancouver group of the C.L.P.
at their last meeting to force them
into the F. L. P.
This meeting was full of "ex-F. L-
P'ers" and nobody seemed to want
to get Into the F. L. P. again. In
fact, It was pointed out by several
who also advocated "changing the
constitution," that the group would
not be able to hold together if they
went over to the F. L. P. And it
ust be borne in mind that they
were ex-F. L. P'ers who made the
statements. Under these circumstances It seems strange that our article
should be referred to ns "the potent
effect of a meal ticket."
With others, and many who are
now in the F. L. P., we feel that if
the constitution of the C. L. P. was
changed to admit of the B. C. section
Canadian Labor Party going out
wholeheartedly and organizing
branches throughout the province,
that It would put an end to the
quibbling of the two or threo who
continuously bring the matter up at
the meetings of the Greater Vancouver central council of tbe C. L. P,
So long as the constitution docs not
permit branches to be organized, so
long win those quibblers he heard
from, Tbo constitution does permit
labor parties to affiliate. That is
wby tbe South Vancouver and Now
Westminster Labor parties were organized, but the F. L. P.—although
not represented in these districts—
objected. The central council advocated that these organizations should
lie called "C. L. P. groups" and the
chango wns made by South Vancou
ver nnd the Vancouver wards. But
tho F. L. P. still objects. We pointod
out In our article that suggestions
are being made that tho F. L. P.
branches should become C. L. P.,
thereby eliminating tbo use of tho
two different names. Tbo C, L. P.
hns become an established fact in
Canada. The elections in this district arc now being bold under tbo
name of the C. L. P. Why doesn't
the F. L. P. becomo sportive enough
to help mako tbo change and avoid
all thla quibbling and aid us to build
up the movoment?
Vancouver, B.C., April 8, 1025.
pERHAPS In no other age has human knowledge advanced so rapidly as In our own, and In no subject
Is this more apparent than In our
conceptions of the past history of
our earth and the antiquity of the
human race. Less than a hundred
years ago it was commonly held and
taught not only by religious teachers
but also quite generally by men of
scientific attainments, that the world
and man upon it had come Into existence only about 6000 years ago.
Archbishop Usher, in the 17th
century, by calculating tho ages of
the biblical patriarchs, and the historical events of the Jewish people,
estimated that the Creation of the
world and man had taken place about
4000 years before the birth of Christ.
In the same century, Dr. John Light-
foot, vice-chancellor of Cambridge
University and one of the most erudite scholars of his time, also quite
solemnly made a similar calculation
and arrived at the conclusion that tbe
Creation had taken place at the hour
of 9 o'clock in the morning on the
23rd day of Octobebr exactly 4004
years before the Christian era began.
These views were quite commonly accepted down to the middle of the
last century, many people, indeed, of
uncritical mind holding them to tbis
day, and man's past was thought to
be limited to this brief period. Darwin himself, we know from his own
statements, was a firm believer in
special Creation up to the year 1843,
when he went upon his voyage as
naturalist in the Beagle, and was ac
customed to take the flrst chapters
of Genesis quite literally and without
It seems almost impossible In the
light of our present day knowledgo,
to believe that mankind could have
remained so long in Ignorance of ita
past records and its remote origin.
But pre-history was then a study
quite unknown, and the term "prehistoric," now so Indispensable, had
not even been coined. Indeed, it was
not till the year 1858, which saw the
first public notification of the views
independently arrived at by Darwin
and Wallace on the origin of species,
that the antiquity of man and his
presence here on this earth many
thousands of years before the date
assigned for the Creation by Usher
and Llghtfoot, wns accepted as a demonstrable  fact   by  science  itself.
It Is a remarkable and rathor significant incident, we have always
thought, that at the very meeting of
the Royal Society, at which Darwin's
and Wallace's papers relating to tbe
origin of species were read. Dr.
Prestwlch, the then highest living
nuthority on Tertiary formations, presented a paper on the antiquity of
man, In which he brought forward a
large body of material evidence which
made it quite clear that man had
been a contemporary of the early
Pleistocene mammals. The evidence
he offered in support of this fact was
of such a convincing and Indisputable
Edilor B, C. Federation lsts I am
sorry to tako up lho valuable space
of The Fedorationist, but It is necessary that certain mlsstatomonta In the
last issue of tho Labor Statesman
oommontlng on my letter, should lie
Tbe article In question stated:
'■Jack Woods objected to Maclnnis
holding a gun to tbe C. L. P. at tho
meeting of the South Vancouvor
group." Now, for tho facts: Speaking to tho South Vancouver group,
as ono of lbe delegates who were
nppointed to meet them, 1 wont Into
the history of the Canadian Labor
Party, and, ln the courae of my remarks, said that the Federated
Labor Party objected to the C. L. P-
organizing branches ln tho city of
Vancouver and that at one time we
considered withdrawing from the
C, L. P. if its constitution was not
lived up to. What I said had no
direct connection with the proposal
made to the South Vancouver Labor
We were asked many questions.
Many of them, as their secretary
pointed out, showed that the members did not understand the function
of the C. L. P, Jack Woods asked,
"Did the F, L. P. use their Intention
to withdraw as a threat"? In answer, I stated that the constitution
of tho Canadian Labor Parly was a
contract between Its various affiliated
units, and if that contract was violated then any of the contracting
parties were no longer bound by It.
You again Bay: "If tho C. L. P.
n«.d been permitted to carry on an
organizing enmpaign In tho provinco
we might havo had nnother dozon
branches. As It is, none have been
organized, and tho F. L. P. who had
an entirely free hand bas boon inactive" The editor Is Just ns much
at sea on this occasion as ho wns
last wook wben bo said thnt the
Alberta constitution of tho Alborta
soction of the C. L. P. provided for
branches in tbat province.
During tho yoar tho F.L.P. formed
six new locals in tho province; we
sent speakers wherever possiblo. Tho
editor of the Statesman will,
doubt, understand tho difficulty or
organizing  without  funds.
Hut tlio question I askod last week
has not yot boon answered, so I will
put It again: If the C. L. P. cah
form a branch in South Vancouver.
New Weslminstor, or iu lho city
wards, why nol in any other part of
tlie   province?
However, tbo editor's comment was
meant for strangers in nnd around
Vancouver, because In no other way
cnn t understand this: '"If by 'animosity' he moans that wo are striving to do some Intensive organizing
on the political field, bo Is correct.
Tbnt baa been the aim of moro tban
'n. few' prior to nnd since tbe formation of the C. L. IV" T hand lt
to tho editor this lime. For onco bo
is absolutely rigid. But the Inst time
I hoard of bim and "a few others"
doing any Intensive organizing on tho
political Hold prior to tho formation
of tho C. L. P., it was either at the
Q ros Ven or hotel or at tho Hotel Vancouver, undor tho leadership of that
eminent proletarian, General A. D.
McUno. Howover, ob, well, thoy say
tbnt ovon rats will leavo a sinking
ship, Yours for unity, built on truth,
honesty and  understanding*
Vancouvor, B.C., April 16,;1D2B-
ted by the Society, and man's antiquity was regarded as established
from that day forward.
Since that date, now sixty-six years ;
ago, evidence of man's presence here
in distant times has come In from all
sides, until today there is no doubt
at all in the minds of our anthropological authorities that man's past
on the earth extends far into the
Tertiary period; most probably, as
we saw ln the 19th article, to the
middle of the Miocene epoch. This
gives man an antiquity of from two
to threo millions of years,
The evidence upon which this remote ago of man Is established is of
the moat undeniable kind. It Is both
matorial and direct and consists of
his own skeletal remains on the one
hand and of his stone artifacts, that
Is his manufactured .tools and implements, on the other.
Throughout the whole of the Pleistocene epoch of the Quaternary both
are found in such circumstances and
under such conditions as to make it
Impossible to doubt their age. Both
are associated with the fossilized remains of animals long since extinct,
but known to havo certainly lived at
the close of the Pliocene and the beginning of the Pleistocene.
When we pass beyond the Quaternary and get into the Tertiary,
we still find abundant evidence of
man's presence during the late phases
of this period in his skilfully-made
stone tools and In his heurth-sltes.
These latter teach us that he had discovered fire, thus early and know how
to use lt. In the Pliocene his osseous
remains are not so much in evidence
as ln the Pleistocene.
This is easily understood. Tlie
perishable nature of such material
readily accounts for its scantiness on
tho one hand, and on the other its
existence Is only brought to light as
a rule by some lucky accident, which
cannot be expected to happen often.
We can scarcelj hope, therefore, over
to secure much evidence of a skeletal
nature belonging to thoso remote
The scantiness of his fossilized
bones does not, however, Materially
affect the question of his antiquity.
His presence here throughout the
larger portion of the latter half of
the Tertiary is just as plainly evidenced by his imperishable nrtifacts
In stone as lt would bt by his skeletal
remains themselves, desirable ns it
ls to recover and possess these. No
other creature savo man Is a deliberate tool-maker; and when we flnd
stone objects bearing unmlstakabUe
signs of Intelligent nnd purposive
fashioning In any undisturbed geological deposit, the st rat igraph leal
characters of which offer indisputable
evidence of its age, we may feel quite
sure that tho creature who fashioned
these object lived either at or before
the time when this deposit was being
There Is a very goneral concurrence
of opinion among our archaeological
authorities today that man may be
traced bnck by means of his artifacts
well into the Miocene. As might be
expected, we find these artifacts
bowing less and less skill ln their
fashioning, becoming cruder and cruder in form, the farther back we go;
until we reach a stage when it Is no
longer easy to distinguish between
tho chance products of nature nnd
those of human effort.
If man has sprung from some lower
Primate and his Intelligence haB gradually ovolved, ns we believe It has,
this Is exactly what we ought to flnd;
and the very fact that this is what
we do flnd, Is in itself no slight evidence of his evolutionary ascent from
lower and less Intelligent forms.
Our early studies of the handiwork of primitive man led us to divide bis prehistoric past into two
groat divisions. These aro known as
the Neolithic or Now-stone age, and
the Pa'ioolithlc or Old-stone age. The
former dates back from the presont
about ten or twelvo thousand years,
and merges into the age of metals. The
lattor extends from the dawn of thd
Neolithic to about the close of lhe
Pliocene or the beginning of the Pleistocene. It covers by far, therefore
,the longest portion of man's past.
Tlio distinction between tho two
nges Js an arbitrary one and lies in
tbo method by which ho fashioned his
stone Implements. Down to Neolithic
limes, in Western Europe whero ouv
studies of PaUvollthlc mnn first began, this wns accmpliBhod mainly by
chipping or flaking, novor apparently
by grinding or rubbing. The characteristic Neolithic Implement on the
contrary Is marked by its smoothed
and polished appearance, tho process
of chipping having given way by this
time largely, though by no moans exclusively, to grinding or rubbing.
Tbe. long l'nkeolithlc ago of man
has boen subdivided Into a series of
successive cultural periods. Thn
whole Pleistocene epoch Is takon up
with some twelve of thoso. Tbey are
distinguished oue from another mainly by tbo stylo, shape and workmanship of lbe artifacts which characterize thom. Boyond tho Plelatocone
and extending through the Pliocene
Into tho Upper Mlocono Is another
long nnd somewhat ill-defined poriod.
knotvn broadly us the Eolltble or
Dawn-stone ngo, because lho stone
Implements recovered from the geological deposits of this ago become
relatively cruder and exhibit loss and
less skill OS the recession of time goes
on, until Wo roach a point, ns wns
remarked just now. whon It Is difficult lo decide whether we arc dealing with ibo work of mnn's hnnds
or tho chance products of nature,
According to somo high authorities
on those matters somo of Um-pp "Eoliths," ns thoy are called, date back
to lho Uppor Mlocono and "how even
at that remote period distinct evidence of human workmanship. Certainly in the case of some, at least,
of them it is difficult to distinguish
between them and the flaked implements we know were made and used
by primitive peoples of more recent
times; or even those manufactured
by our own American Indians, only a
few generations ago.
But whatever doubt may
be attached to the Miocene Eoliths ln reBpect of the agency
by which they were fashioned, whether by nature or by man, there can
be little or none with respect to those
of the Pliocene. Mr. J. Reed Moir's
recent extended researches in East
Anglla ln England have removed all
doubt about the existence of man as
a tool-maker in this region in Pliocene times. The geological formation
known as the Coralline Crag has
yielded too many flaked flints, bearing unmlstakeable evidence of human
workmanship, for us to doubt that
man was alive and able to fashion
tools of stone in this epoch, to which
it Is generally agreed the Coralline
Crag belongs.
And now having acquainted ourselves with the nature of the evidence
upon which the antiquity of man and
his presence hero as an intelligent
creature and tool-maker in the
Tertiary has been established let
us see what we may learn of his
physical characters and appearance
in those remote times, insofar as
those may be gathered from his fossilized remains; and also whether they
offer any evidence of his relationship
to the anthropoid apes.
If man and the athropolds have
a common origin and represent today two divergent lines of evolution,
as science teaches, then it Is quito
obvious that the farther back we go
In their phylogenic history, the blusur
they should come together and the
more alike in their physical characters should they appear. There seems
to bo no escape from this conclusion.
But when we say that man and thc
anthropoids should become moro
alike ln their physical characters the
farther back in their phylogeny we
go, what exactly do we mean? Do
we mean that man will become more
like the apes as we know them today,
or that the apes will become more
like man? Or do we mean neither of
these two things, but rather that both
man and the apes will approximate
more and more closely to a type
which, while It necessarily has certain
characters In common with both,
will be found to bo unlike either of
thom as they are today?
A little reflection will show us that
this last iB what we really should
mean, whatever preconceptions we
may have entertained to tho contrary. Tbe knowledge we have gained
of the evolutionary process should
suggest to us that tho distinctions
which divide man and the anthropoids at the present time are the
result of specialization along diverging lines, and lhat lt is highly improbable that this specialization has
been all on one side; and, therefore,
that neither of them represents today
the ancestral typo from which both
have been derived.
As a matter of fact we know that
each haB undergone considerable differentiation, but that of the two the
apes are more highly-specialized than
man; and in no feature is this more
clearly seen than In their genoral
cranial characters. In these respects
the apes, and especially tho gorilla,
which in many other ways most
closely resembles man, are, contrary
to the view which has been commonly entertained, farther removed from
the ancestral type than Is man. Except ln his greator cranial capacity,
that is in the enlargement of his
skull and in the evolution of his
brain and ln other minor features,
man has retained the cranial characters of his remote ancestor much
more closely than have the anthropoids generally, and the gorilla In
particular. But It Is only of late
years that this has come to be recognized.
(To Be Continued)
Compulsory Labor
(Continued from Page 1)
[Note—As many enquiries reach
this ofllce from time to time, the editor will reserve space to deal with
such matters, under the above heading. Communications addressed to
"Notes and Queries Editor" will be
handled as quickly as space permits.
WALLACE J.: Read J. Russell
Smith's "The World's Food Resources." Tbo first action of socialists
wben in world power must be to
handle all food supplies.
S. WALTERS: Thanks for paper,
will certainly ubo in later issue-
J. LOGAN: (a) Agree in toto your
criticism and think moro action
should bo takon by us socialists all
over to got the Nova Scotia horror
finished, (b) Thanks for new subscriber, he will have his copies starting thiB Issuo.
ALICIA: No, tho figures for 1924
nre not obtainable, not till noxt year
GEORGDIE: James Henry Rob
lnson, In his great book, "Tho Mind
ln tho Making" (although ho slams
nt socialists, It Is socialism pure and
simple) says: "Thero can be no so-
oure place now, but a common placo
of tho wholo world; and no pros-
porty but a general prosperity, and
this for tbo simple reason that wo
are all now brought so noar togethor
and aro so pathetically and cntrl-
catoly interdependent,"
NOTE—Replies to J. B.p Curtis S.,
and olhcrB noxt Issuo.
their fair share. In war time we conscripted men to the filthy trenches,
and the conscripts apparetly proved
efficient soldiers, others were conscripted to work in munition factories, etc., or taken out of the
trenches and sent to work in mines or
forests as tho nation required them
and they seem to have done good
work. I was delighted to see that
Bernard Shaw speaking before the
Fabian society at the last meeting of
which I have had a report said: "That
socialism without compulsory labor
was an idle dream." He criticised
Fabian tactics also as, too slow, for
the necessities of the age. To this I
heartily agree.
A more frequent criticism that has
been offered is: It is no use to try
to reform society, it is the individual
that you must deal with. "Get each
individual perfect and you will have
a perfect Btate." At the rate that
our churches are reforming individuals at prosont this makes the outlook rather poor. It looks at present
as If the dice were heavily loaded
against the chance of a young boy
or girl in Canada growing up into
a useful citizen.
Suppose Moses had acted on this
advice, and had tried to reform
Pharoah and the Egyptian officials,
and also the poor Hebrews, it appears to me he would have had a
hard task. No, he very sensibly led
that great mob of slaves out of their
master's clutches into a moro free
and healthy environment. We shall
do well to imitate so eminent an
exnmple. Another frequent criticism
Is that keeping tab on all our citizens would involve too much bookkeeping, "Fresh hordes of officials"
and "endless redtape."
At presenl we as a nation do a
tremendous lot of bookkeeping, a
very large part of the work of every
business consists of bookkeeping and
every -family and most adults get a
j 'tare. At present we keop books but
in the most confused and unsatla-
factory manner, as we learn very
little of real value from this immense
labor. Our bookkeeping is directed
to petty personal matters, -chiefly
concerning the gains and losses
measured by cash, of individuals and
As a consequence our present bookkeeping Is of very little service, wo
get small returns on tho labor expended and one of the tragedies of
modern civilization is the lack of
control that we human beings have
over our own productions.
We want Intelligent bookkeeping
with the results studied carefully to
get the meaning out of them. Then
we should know the labor coats and
the quantities and costs of material,
etc., of oach and every project suggested. We could apportion our work
properly and cooperate efficiently.
I do not believe that a proper
system of national bookkeeping would
involve more work than ls at present
devoted to our individual bookkeep
Ing, but even lf It did, it would be
well worth while.
But we are destined to get rid of
capitalists and landlords only to fall
into the clutches of a hidebound
officialdom, and be entangled and
enslaved in a vast mesh of red tape.
Thero is danger of this happening;
no honest socialist can deny it.
Eternal viligance will be the price
of liberty under our system, but I
can maglne no better safeguard
against any sort of parasitism than
public accounts and an aroused public Intelligence on tho essential facts
of life. But it will be slavery, is a
common objection. It certainly Implies the giving up of certain priv-
leges that we try to enjoy at present.
I write "try to enjoy" deliberately
for we seldom succeed in enjoying
this foolish liborty. I see the process of giving up individual liberty
going on ln all directions. Working-
men forming unions with the object
of renouncing some of their individual liberty for the purpose of maintaining their rights as a class. I see
the fruit-growers wisely signing five-
year contracts to sell their crops
through a common agency for the
same purpose. We know that the
groat capitalists greatly prefer combines and "gentlemen's agreements"
to  cut-throat competition, and  they
Can Be Relieved
Tbe new  Continental Remedy   called
"LARMALENE"  (Regd.)
Is a simple, harmless home treatment
which absolutely relieves deafness,
noises In tho head, etc. No expensive appliances needed for this new
Ointment, instantly operates npon the
affected parts with complete and permanent success. Scores of wonderful cases reported. ,
Mrs. E. Crowe, of Wbltehone
Road, Croydon, writes: "I am pleased to toll yoa that the email tin of
ointment yon sent to mo at Ventnor
haB proved a complete mecess, my
hearing ls now quite normal and the
horrible head noises have ceased.
The action of thlr new remedy mast
be very remarkable, for I have been
troubled with these complaints for
nearly 10 years and have had some
of the very host medical advice, to*
gether with other expensive ear instruments, all to no purpose. I need
hardly say how very grateful I am*
for my life has undergone an entire
Try ono box today, which oan be
forwarded to any address on receipt
of monoy ordor for $1.00. There Is
nothing better at any price. Addross
orders to Manager "LABMALENE"
Co., Deal, Eent, England.
Boost for
The Fed.
sacrifice their liberty of action readily enough to bring about united
action. But it would be "repudiation." Fancy making the owners of
national securities and C.P.R. stock
work. All I can aay is that if they
did not want to work much, they
should run themselves very lightly
into debt to the community. Then
we need not ask them for much as
they would consume so little. In
spite of all the objections and criticisms I have seen or heard I still
believe in Justice as tho solution of
our problems. Let us remember the
old prophets boiled down the essence of religion to these simple
"To  do  justly, to   love  mercy,  to
walk humbly before thy Qod."
Is the Thing for Spring
THE ono outfit every womnn must
liavo this yaor—it Is so serviceable,
sn stylish, bo colorful, And if you Ket
It at "Famous," It will ->•' quite inexpensive.
Famous SSSfSjS*
610-623 Hastings Street West
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will Cure Tour .Rheumatism, Lumbago,
Neuritis or Bad Oold
Massage a Specialty
744 Hastings St. W.   Phone Sey. 2070
5000 Facts About Canada
"5000 Facts About Canada" is famous as a rich storehouse of information about the Dominion. It is
the production of Frank Yeigh, the
recognized authority on this country
as writer and lecturer. Tho 22nd annual edition ls out, for 1925, and will
as in former years, bo welcomed by
an appreciative public. Fifty chapters—from "Agriculture" to "Yukon"
—includo a series of striking facts
presented in a crisp, terse form that
fastens them on the mind. The 1925
Issue contains much new matter, Including a striking coparatlve table of
our national growth during tho quarter of century since 1900. The book
may be secured at loading dealers, or
by sending 35 cents to the Canadian
Facts Publishing Co., 588 Huron
street, Toronto. He who would know
Canada will find this wonderful little book a means to that end.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers
Phone Seymoar 2364
TVFEW night rates are
now in force for longdistance conversations between 8:30 p.m. and 7
B. C. Telephone Oompany
HAVE you over luul a real drink
of Pure Apple Cider during the
last few years?
To meet the desires of many clients,
ve have introduced rocontly a pure clear
sparkling apple elder in pint bottles,
either pore sweet or government regulation 2% bard apple elder. These drinks
are absolutely pure and free from all
capbonic aold gas or preservatives of
any nature. Writo or phoue your order
today, Highland 90.
Cider Manufacturers
1956 Commercial Drive, Vanconver, B. 0.
Sorantohi Pa,—The street railway
situation ut Borotlton bus been cleared
up. Commissioners Thomas and Finn
roport that tho mailers in disputo
have been referred to arbitration, op-
orations to continuo in tho meantime.
THE UNION BANK OF CANADA, with its chain
of brandies across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking caro
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad.
Established 59 Yeara mmm
FRIDAY April 17,  1925
Overhead Steel Footbridge and Timber Approaches Over 0. F. B. Tracks,
Oarrall Stroet
TENDERS will bo received by the undersigned up to Monday, April 20th, 1925,
at 2 p.m. for the construction of an overhead steel foorbridge with timber approaches over the 0. P.R. tracks at Carrall Street.
Plane, specifications and form of tenders
may bo obtained at the City Engineer's Office, City Hall, oil payment of ten dollars
(110.00), which will bo refunded on return
of plans, specifications, etc, in good condition.
A deposit by marked cheque, payable to
tbe Oity Treasurer, of an amount equal to
five per eent. (6%) of the total amount of
the bid submitted must accompany each
The lowest or any tender not necessarily
City Clerk.
City Hall, Vancouver, B. 0.,
April 18th,  1025.
Asphaltic  Concrete Surfacing
TENDERS will be received by tbo undersigned up to Tuesday, April 21st. 1925,
at 2 p.m. for tho laying of approximately
one mile of asphaltic concrete surfacing on
existing rock roadways,
Forms of tender, specifications and other
particulars may bo obtained at tho City Engineer's Office, City Hall.
A deposit by marked cheque, payable to
tho City Treasurer, of an amount equal to
fivo per cont. (5%) of the total amount of
the bid submitted must accompany each
Tho lowest or any tondor not necessarily
City Clerk
City Hail, Vancouvor, B. 0.,
April  15th,  1925,
Hauling and Laying 4800 Feet of 36-Inch
Biveted  Steel  Pipe  ou  Seymour
Oreek Pipe line Road
TENDERS will bo received by tho undersigned up to Tuesdny, April 21st. 1925,
at 4 p.m. for hauling and laying approximately 4800 lineal feet of SB-inch Riveted
Stoel Pipo on Seymour Crock Pipo Lino
Plane, specifications and form of tenders
may bo obtained at tho City Engineer's Office, City Hall, on payment of ten dollars
($10.00), which will bo refunded on return
of plans, specifications, etc., in good condition.
A deposit by marked cheque, payable to
tho City Treasurer, of nn amount equal to
five per cent. (5%) of tho total amount of
the bid submitted must accompany each
Tho lowest or any tender not necessarily
City Clerk.
City Hall, Vancouver, B. C,
April  15th,   1925.
SEALED TENDERS, endorsed "Tender for
Addition to Norquay School," and addressed to Ales. Graham, Esq., Secretary
Board of School Trustees of South Vancouver, 4547 Main Street, South, Vancouver,
will bo received up to tho hour of noon,
Saturday, tho 25th day of April, 1925, for
tho erection and completion of a six-room
brick and stono addition to the Norquay
School Building.
Plans, specifii:ntions and forms of tonder
may bo obtained at tho offlco of tho undersigned.
Tenders must be enclosed with a marked
chequo equal to five (5) per cent, of the
amount of tender,
Tho Trustees do not bind themsolves to
accept tho lowest or any tonder.
525 Soymour Street, Vnncouver, B. C.
TTIE  TIME   for receiving  tenders  for 12
miles  of stoel pipo has   been oxtended
I until 12 o'clock noon, May the 6th noxt.
Purchasing Agent.
Scranton, Pa.—Uhlle at Scranton on
the street railway matter Commissioners Finn and Thomas took up a
. situation affecting the teamsters and
Inside employees of Armour, Swift,
■Wilson, Diamond, and Franklin Beef
company,   who   were  demanding  an
t increase of fifteen per cent., In wages.
Tho 1924 contract wus renewed without change.
Phone Sly. 1198. S12 OARRALL ST.
EltobUibld 1888
Antique Clocks, ChrouographB, fcc.
Weather  Glasses
Meete second Monday ln the montk.    Preeldent, J, R. White; aeoretary, R. H. Neelands. P. 0. Box 66.
319 Pender St. West—Business meetings
1st  nnd   Ord   Wednesdny  evenings.     R.   fl.
Nt. elands,  Chnirmnn;   E. II.   Morrison,   Sec*
Treas.; Annus Mnclnnis, 1)544 Princo Ed-
Vnrd Street, Vancouver, B. C, Corresponding  Secretary.
I Any district in British Columbia desiring
Information re securing speakers or tho for-
ftiiiiinn of locnl branches, kindly communi*
■nte with Provincinl Seoretary J. Lyle Tel-
lord, ._. Birks 13ldg„ Vnncouver, B. C.
Pclcjihono Soymour 1382, or Bayview 5220.
I Becond Thursday every month In Holden
Building. Preeldent, J. Brlchtwell; financial
Tecretary, H. A. Bowron, 9^9—llth Avenue
International   brotherhood   op
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
rs of America, Local 194—Meetings flrst
nd third Mondays ln each month in Holden
lulldlng. President, P. Willis; iecretary, A.
raser.   Offlce hours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 5
and third Fridays In eaeh montk, at 446
.iclmnls Street. President, David Cuthlll,
852 Albert Street; secretary-treasurer, Oeo.
rarrlion, 1182 Parker Street.
of   Stoam and   Operating,   Local   882—
teets  evory   Wednesday   at   8   p.m.,   Room
6 Holdon Bldg.   President, Charles Price;
iHlness agent and financial secretary, F. L.
unt;   recording secretary, J. T. Venn.
How It Works
■"THIS interesting book by William
J. Fielding, author of several
psychological works including "The
Puzzle of Personality" will well repay
reading. It is a clear and direct messago to everyone; it is froe from
technicalities and contains much practical advice.
Mr. Fielding starts out by showing
just what the mind is and how it
works; he describes its dual nature,
conscience and unconsclence, and the
constant conflict between the two,
but which can be alleviated, minimised or eliminated by good, autosuggestion.
The Introverted type (the individual given to brooding upon his own
mind) he points out, ls the most
susceptible to tormenting conflicts because he is more Impressionable and
sensitive. "From this group is drawn
not only the great army of neurotics
and nervous patients, but the finest
potential material for creative endeavor in the arts, sciences and literature; but too often ability is dissipated In the futile channels of Internal disharmony; the amount of wasted energy is Immense, and the numbers of wasted or spoiled lives, incalculable.
In his chapter on harmony, between
the conscious and unconscious minds,
the author describes two essential
processes necessary to acquiring harmony. First, "wo must remember that
wo are not altogether responsible for
the malerlal that has accumulated in
our uconscious mind, as it began to
accumulate before we were capable of
helping ouselves; our conventional
training has been largely responsible
for the preconcleved ideas we have
entertained. Therefore we must refuse to be disquieted when this mass
of material keeps bobbing up Into the
conscious mind. We might well adopt
the attitude of St. Augustine who
maintained that God did not hold
him responsible for his dreams,
which is true of other outcroppings
of the Unconscious,"
The second and more positive side
of the question is to cultivate the
habit of influencing our unconscious
mental processes along healthy, constructive lines.
We are then told how this can be
done by autosuggestion. The idea
must be made acceptable, and then
It must be changed Into a reality; lf
the unconscious can be induced to
accept an idea, reallation follows
automatically. An idea Is powerful or
otherwise according to the proportion
of emotion accompanying it. It does
not depend on just how strong one'i
will happens to be, The will ls i
guide, certainly, but it Is not all-im
portant. The imagination is always
triumphant when will and imagination are struggling for the mastery;
henco they should work together If
tbe best results are to be obtained.
"Imagination is thought-material,
It stands to reason that the will can
only be the servant of thought and
not a substitute for lt, , .1" Tho
mind has a long history—-an Immeas
u ruble history—during which it
workod without any intellectual supervision or interference; will is some
thing newer than imagination, then,
The importance of mental attitudes
cannot be overlooked; sometimes the
whole world Is reflected In our state
of mind, and It Is good or bad according to tho Ideas we entertain,
"There are some environments, to be
sure, where It Is Impossible for people to remain healthy and normal.
Individually, ns a matter of self preservation, people must get out of such
an environment If they can: or col-
loctlvely alter It." Tho human os
trich who buries his head ln the
sands of delusion will some day leave
his head behind; he will certainly
never   conquer   his   environment
"One of tho most stabilising influences ln life ls a real sense of
humor—when added to the positive
type—constructive mental attitude-
it Is possible to understand just why
things are wrong and how they can
be corrected. Alleged failure ls merely regarded as an experiment which
teaches something. An open mind Is
absolutely necessary. Avoid being
dogmatic. Thore Is always something
new und Interesting; look into new
Idoas; keep you mind plastic, otherwise It will get Into a rut. The
greatest tragedy In human life, and
It is universal, Is tho tendency of tho
mnjority of people to close Iheir
minds to now ideas. Tho fault Is
largely duo to the traditional training of instilling into tho mind of
youth, a mass of preconcleved notions
and labelling It, "(ruth". The troublo
becomes apparent when every sect,
croed, race, nation and social group
has got a monopoly of what they
call "truth" and it is nil different
from tbo othor fellow's "truth".
Mr. Fielding goes on to show wbat
a few poople aro beginning to realize,
„ that ultimate truths (if there
any) ai'o not within tbe scope of
tho finite mind. Neither Is anything
absolute; things aro always changing,
evolving, progressing or regressing.
Nothing stands still—not even
'truth," so It ennnot be absolute.
To Bo Continued)
UNION, Local 146, A. V. of M.—Moots
, (Jollllton Hall, comer of Davlo end Grannie streets, second Sundny nt 10 a,m.
j.lilent, B. A. Jnmit'Him, 991 Nelson
trfiet) Secretnry, J. W. Allen, 091 Nelson
treoti Finimolal Socrotary, W. E. Williams,
(1 Nelson Stroet; Organiser, F. Fletcher,
)1 Nolson  Street.
HE VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDERATION—Meots at 991 Nolfton Street, at 11
m. on the Tuesday preceding thu 1st Sun-
,y of the month. President, Harry Pcnrson,
(1 Nelson Streot; Secretary, E, A. Jamie-
n, 991 Nelson Slroot; BusinoBi Agent, F.
etcher, 991 Nelson St.
kTOURAPFIlUAL UNION, No. 220—President, It. P. Pettlplece; vico-presldent, C.
Campbell; secretary-treasurer, R, H. Nse-
nds, P. O. H"x 60. Meets last Sunday of
ch month at 2 p.m. in Holden Building, 18
Mtlngl Street East,
UNION, No. 413—President, S, D. Mao-
maid, secretary-treasurer, J. M. Cempboll,
0. Boi 880. Meets last Thunday of eaoh
Woman and the
Game of War
..Continued.)    .
Cotton Mills
Utlcn, X. Y.—Several hundred
worker, who hnve heen on strike
since early In Fohrunry returned to
work on April 1, nt lho Utlca Steam
Cotton Mill and thc Mohawk Valley
Cotton -Wills. All of tho former employoes could not ho taken back at
once, but It Is understood that they
Will all bo back at thoir old plnces
by noxt Monday, Tho terms accepted
aro temporary, pending a permanent
Eighty-five million bricks were Imported Into Broat Britain in l»24, ns
compared with loss than 3,000,000 In
Profiteers and War
If  profits  were  taken  out   of  war,    and   the   profiteers,
patriots, editors, ministers, and politicians put in the first line
trenches, war would not long continue.
A book has been reeently translated, written by M. Caillaux,
former   prime   minister   of   France "Whither   Prance   Wither
Europe" in which ho says:
"The masters of tho Cartels and Trusts saw quite plainly that
the markets were choked up."
Stocks were accumulating for which there was no sale, and
which they thought a war would help them to dispose of. "War,"
they said, will save us from all this humanitarian nonsense, and deliver us from Socialists and their plans. It will do away with the
foolish idea of a European union which would eat up our profits,
It, and it alone, will secure us large advances in prices."
M. Cailaux gives some illustrations of the "orgy of profits" made
during the war. "The largest smelting works in Prance saw its profits
increase from 5 millions in 1913 to 17 millions in 1916 and 18 millions
in 1917." The profits of a shipping company in 1914 were 6 millions; "in 1916, 18 millions; in 191.7, 23 millions; in 1918, 45 millions." He instances a firm in Japan which in 1915 and 1916 paid
dividends of 220 per cent, and 600 per cent., and adds: "One could
quote such cases ad inflinitum. Who does not know this as the war
of pillage?  We have given a few figures merely to symbolize it."
The ethical effect of the war on iho Capitalists has been neglig
ible, and they continue their policy of public plunder. They have
control of the Press, which they use for their own purposes, and
news is manufactured for them to deceive the people. Indeed,
throughout pre-war activities we have described, capitalism has increased its power by the war.... It is stamped with habits of greed,
improvidence and harshness."
"Greed drives the men of this caste in headlong pursuit of immediate profits; profits must be made at any cost, even if it means
the sacking of the old world. They are willing to cut down the tree
to get its fruit. Improvidence and harshness unite in causing the
leaders of the hour to ignor the Labor problem. They imagine that
by using force—brutality, if need be—they can subdue the wage-
earners, whose claims they hold in contempt. They will not admit
that some day—very soon, perhaps—the wage system will give place
to co-operation. . . . They lay upon the poorer classes by means of
indirect levies, thc heaviest part of the tax burden. They then take
away with one hand what they have given with the other. Indirect
taxation cuts down salaries and wages."
"They employ both violence and brutality, but they prefer corruption and calumny, which latter they make full use of in the domestic press (which has made1 jit possible) !ta stir up hatred which
they hoped to turn into gold. . . By means of a press whieh, at the
word of command, flatters or condemns, which speaks or remains
silent—by means of this press which manufactures news— they control public opinion for their own ends."
Herr Rathenau said: "The whole world lives under the dominion of plutocracy. In certain countries it has possessed itself of
complete power, makes the law and constitution, and decides on war
or peaee. . . . Plutocracy is the domination of a caste, an oligarchy,
since it has no ideals—but from self-interest; it aims only to
maintain itself in power and to enrich itself."
"I went into the British Army believing that if you want peaee
you must prepare for war. I believe now that if you prepare
for war—you get war."—Major-General Sir Frederick Maurice.
"What caused the Boer war! Not the Queen of England, but
the merchants of the City."—Marshal Foch.
"In the long series of English wars with China, opium was
from flrst to last the cause of the quarrel. "—General William P.
Butler in "Life of General Gordon."
"What do we all seek? New outlook for an ever increasing
commerce, and for industries which producing far more than they
can consume or sell are constantly hampered by an increasing competition. And then? Why! new areas are cleared for trade by
cannon shot, even the Bourse (tho Stock Exchange) for reasons of
interest can cause armies to enter into campaigns. "—Marshall Foch,
in the "United Service Magazine," December, 1918.
"Wars are precipitated by motives which the statesmen responsible for them dare not publicly avow. A public discussion would
drag these motives in their nudity into the open, where they would
die of exposure to the withering contempt of humanity."—Mr. Lloyd
War is a business, and the making of patriots and soldiers is as
much the business of capitalist nations as the making of cotton, steel
rails, or shoes. Patriots and soldiers are not born, thoy are moulded
and shaped out of the potter's clay of childhood. The child is caught
in the machinery of war as soon as it is born. The purveyors of
war poison assail it on all sides.
As soon as the child opens his eyes he sees on the wall of his home
a picture that differs from all the rest. As soon as he ean lisp ho
enquires, "who is that in the funny dress in the picture?" and some
one informs him with no uncertain pride that it is grandfather's
picture, who died in the Crimean War—or it's dad, or uncle Joe, ol
brother Bill, who died in the "Boer" or the "Great War."
When birthdays and Christmas eome around, "auntie" and
"granny," and other members of the family, vie with each other in
presenting the "wee laddie" with tin soldiers, drums, guns, cannons,
helmets, and every coneievabk. trapping of war. When a little older,
dad or big brother take him to tlio park or square, and proudly chow
him the gun or armored car captured by "Us" from the enemy, or
the memorial with all the names of the gallant heroes who fell fighting for "God, King and Country." Then the child goes to school at
an ago when its critical faculties arc not yet awakened, and is told of
thc villainies committed by other nations against His Country, and
lie "glorious deeds of heroism," and the desire of justice, which
alone animates "His Country." He takes part in Empire days, victory nnd military displays, and is fed on patriotic music, ami a history always biased in favor of "Our Nation."
The home makes the patriot in the bud, the schools, churches,
and state put on thc finishing touches.
In order thot tho poison may sink deep into the child's soul,
it only remains to rig him out in the trappings of war, get him enrolled in boy scouts and church cadets, take him to military reviews,
and get him inarching to martial music.
In this way the innocent child is laid hold of, first by his parents,
then lho school, and finally by the church and slate, and moulded in
his pliable years into a first class patriot and soldier, ready to do his
masters bidding.
The Boy Scout Movement
Many aro ignorant of the real character and object of the Boy
Scout movement. They still believe that the people who fight to
reduce the standard of living and education, against child labor laws,
and tho betterment generally of the masses from whence these children conic, arc sincerely interested in the building of their bodies and
tho training of thcir minds. These benefactors arc interested only
in so far as these children aro moulded to bo a buttress for a system
which maintains them in power,
In support o[ tho contention that the boy scout movement is a
militnry orgnnizntion, I shnll quote as evidence only thp official bonk
written by Sir Robert Badon-Powell, entitled "Scouting for Boys."
Sir Badon-Powell himself, in season and out, everywhere he
goes, lias refilled the neciisnfinn tbat the "lioys" nre not. being
trained for military purposes. In a speech delivered in the city of
Winnipeg, I find in tlio news report of ono of his speeches
the following: "The scout movement is not a movement in
militarism, nnd I would like you all to step on that argument whenever it is heard—nor is it nn amusement for boys. It is a movement
fo shape the characters of boys." (To bo continued)
About Socialist
Sunday Schools
TN the old country newspapers we
are frequently treated to condemnatory articles from the hlgh-and-
dry crusted orthodox die-hards of the
sinful doings and teachings In the
socialist Sunday schools.
One of our readers has sent us
the programme of an entertainment
given at the seventeenth anniversary
held in the town hall, Rochdale, on
Sunday, March 15th last. It is certainly to begin with a most ambitious
Beries of items, all of which were
evidently rendered to perfection judging from notes on the copy before
us, such as "the children sang splendidly."
What objections can be raised in
this connection the Lord only knows;
rational, clean, healthy thoughts only
are suggested by the items given. It
impresses us so much that, if space
permitted, we should like to give the
program in full, but will quote a few
of the items to show how the young
folk are encouraged on a sane and
advancing line of thought by these
much criticised and sadly maligned
The first item is a song "Shout it
from the hill top." "
Shout it from the hill-tops,
Shout it on the plain,
Never more shall hatred
Raise Its brow again.
Falsehood and Injustice
They shall banish soon;
Bigotry shall perish,
"War shall lose its charm, etc,
This was followed by a lovely old
madrigal, "I follow, lo, the footing,"
composed by Marley in 3 597. Then
a march song, "Knowledge advances."
Knowledge advances
Growing in might,
Radiant in light;
Clear are her glances
Piercing the shadows of night.
Kindly thoughts and feeling,
Quarrels healing,
Love shall nourish,
Friendly trust shall flourish,
Peace shall conquer strife, etc.
Then came the address by W. T.
Kelly, M.P., followed by such items
as Braga's "Serenade," Mozart's "Min-
uetto," William Morris's "The Day
of Days," Elgar's "My love dwelt ln
a northern land," Chopin's "Dudley
Buck," recitations, Parry's setting of
William Blake's "And did those feet
in ancient times."
And did, those feet in ancient time
Walk upon England's mountain
And waa the holy Lamb of God
On England's pleasant pastures
Bring me my bow of burning gold,
What's Wrong with these?
Then  read  the  "Declaration."
"We desire to be just and loving
to all our fellow men and women, to
work together as brothers and sisters, to be kind to every living creature and so help to form a new society with justice as its foundation
and love its law."
You may stake your soul that
nothing but good can come into the
hearts and lives of young people who
digest and act on such teaching.
Then the scholars recited the ten
"socialistic precepts."
1. Love your school  fellows,  they
Page Three
WITH "The Seal of Quality" guarantee of excellence,
"are universally acclaimed the "standard pf blanket
value." Their traditionally good quality is obtained at all
Hudson's Bay stores and posts throughout Canada. Six
standard colors: Orey, Khaki, Bed, Qreen, White, Stripe.
Point       Sin We«_t On, Kt«_i ttt
3 61x74     81bs.5oz  $10.60    tiaSO    $12.50
2t_    63x81    10 lbs    12.50      15.00      15.00
4 72x90    12 lbs    15.00      17.50      17.50
Point       sua Woiftt arm        Wlito Strip.
3 61x74     81bs.5o_  $12.50    $14.00       	
2%    63x81    10 lbs    15.00      16.50
4 72x90    12 lbs    17.50      J9.50      19.50
Acknowledged for generations without peer for out-of-
doors use. "Hudson's Bay Point" Blankets are today winning many new friends through their great serviceability
and comfort as
Blankets for the Home
They make thc warmest of bed coverings—equally good
for bedroom and for sleeping porch.
—Handsome couch covers.
—Snug and luxurious motor rugs.
—Travel rugs for boat or train.
—Picturesque winter sports coats.
—They are all pure wool—soft and warm.
—They wash well—they give lifetime service.
will become your fellow workers and
companions in life.
2. Love learning which ls the food
of the mind. Be as grateful to your
teachers as to your parents.
3. Make every day holy by good
and useful deeds and kindly actions.
4. Honor good .people; be courteous
and respect all; bow down to nono.
5. Do not hate or offend anyone;
do not seek revenge; defend your
rights and resist tyranny.
6. Be not cowardly; protect the
feeble and love justice.
7. Remember that all the produots
of the earth are the results of labor;
who ever enjoys them without working for thom is stealing the bread
of the worker.
8. Observe and think, In order to
discover the truth. Do not believe
that which is contrary to reason, and
never deceive yourself or others.
9. Do not think that he who loves
his own country must hate and despise other nations or wish for war,
which ls a remnant of barbarism.
10. Help to bring about tho day
when all nations shall live fraterif-
aily together in peace and proiperlty.
No wonder the orthodox and capitalist class are attacking this form
of education and training. It Is too
healthy a tonle for them; it breathes
freedom, clean and sane lines of
thought that will evolve bold, free
action ln time.
It is worth noting too, that thi*
function was no hole-and-corner
meeting in a small hall in a baok
street—the town hall, Rochdale, aa
any "Lanky" will tell you, Ib a
splendid building capable of holding
some thousands of people, and the
Place was packed, we are Informed.
So good luck to such teaching.
International capital, by its acoulsl-
tlon of banks, telegraphs, pross, and
raw materials, dominates all Governments.—London "Justice".
Kindness Is the oil that makes the
wheels of caro run slowly.
Fashions change often, but a smiling face Is never out of stylo.
Official Organ of the
Published in the Interests of All Workers
■THE party is desirous of making what contribution it can to the betterment of society. It realizes that the most effective method to accomplish this end is by educating the masses through the medium of its press,
and likewise the best literature procurable regarding the Labor movement. There is no other means available to the workers to voice their
opinions. Work with us to make The Federationist a mighty power for
good in Vancouver and throughout British Columbia. Principles, not
personalities, are alone desirable.
Contributions for The Federationist are always welcome. Be brief
and write on one side of the copy paper. Matter for publication should
reach this offlce by Tuesday. Advertisements received up to Wednesday
You must have The Federationist in the home each week to keep in touch
with the City, Provincial and Federal and International Labor Movement.
Subscription Rate: United States and foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada
$2.50 per year, $1.50 for six months.
Estimates will be furnished on all kinds of work,
gladly offer his services to those desiring them.
Our solicitor will
FRIDAY April  17,  1925
"New Scale Williams"
An exceptionally high-grade instrument
in very fine condition, having been used
but a short time. This is one of the best
buys in Vancouver today and will not
last long at this very special
price of ONLY	
443 Hastings Street West
Phone Sey. 2444 Oorner Bichards
Triumph of Labor
(Continued From Page 1.)
trict. In thla way, she said, many
of the short comings and Imperf-sc-
tens of the various schoroan that
we have had in mind wilj have been
pointed out and overcome or discarded. In this connection Russia
was performing a gr?at service to
humanity the world ove-.
Goods can he purcha-sod liero as
elsewhere in the world. If you happen to belong to the profiteering
group, you may find that you have
to pay rather heavily for many
things, rent being oftimes as much
as one hundred times greater for
them than for a worker for the same
space. Rents varied to a great extent, according to the wages that you
were receiving.
State Control
All the sources of power were controlled by tlie state, such as the
waterways, iJllwuys, banks, mines,
lands., etc. No one ls allowed to
own these. Special contracts may be
made with the soviet government by
private individuals or companies.
Such contracts were on a strictly
business basis, and one that was decidedly advantageous to the state.
At the expiration of all such contracts everything returned to the
state, which was, after all, the people
of Russia. The Russian government
ls founded on the basis that all the
natural resources belong to the people and should not, and must not, be
alienated from them under any pretence.
In Russia all the political life commences in the factories or communes. Men do not have to make
great political speeches to gain access to some governing body as they
do here. Here we elected middle-
class educated public speakers, while
ln Russia they elected men and women especially trained in some particular branch of industry to perform
such a function. Voting there was
done on factory time, something
rather different from here.
Workers' Clubs
Ir Moscow there were some three
hundred workers' clubs.    With each
Miss A. L. Strong
(Continued from Page 1)
control of the industries and are not
dictated to by a few owning capitalists. Famine, due to unfavourable
weather conditions, the lack of complete organization, a matter not to
be surprised at when it is understood
what were the conditions existing In
Russia previous to the revoluton, the
illiteracy and the superstition; tho
blockade of the allies, and the uncalled-for outside interference in the
affairs of Russia, all tended to retard
their progress. These are gradually
being overcome, and everywhere
there exists a spirit of optimism not
to be found in any of the other countries of Europe today. The workers
are working out their own destiny in
their own way, and are succeeding
marvellously. They are there to
stay in spite of all the misleading
propagada we might read to the contrary.
We hesitate to employ a word so
much abused as patriotism, whose
true sense is almost the reverse of the
popular sense. We have no sympathy
with that boyish egotism, hoarse with
cheering for one side, for one stale,
for one town; the right patriotism
consists In the delight which springs
from contributing our peculiar legitimate advantages to the benefit of
of these was associated theatres,
dance halls, educational rooms. These
were the centres for all their social
After the address of the afternoon,
some considerable time was given
over to the answering of questions
from members of the audience.
Much favorable comment was to be
heard regarding the clear, concise
and frank manner in which the
whole matter dealing with Russian
life was placed before the audience.
A largo collection was taken which,
after paying expenses of the meeting, was to go to aid In the children's
colony over which Miss Strong: is
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. 0.
Sydney.—Recent    municipal    elections In this city gave a labor majority
In the city council, and the selection
of a labor member as lord mayor.
Unemployment.—The trend of unemployment in Austria is strongly upward. From November, 1924 to the
first of March, 1925, the total number of unemployed increased steadily
from 113,484 to 210,000.
Absorb Surplus Labor.—While
practically all surplus labor in the
rural districts has been absorbed by
the sugar industry, there exists in the
City of Habana and several of the
larger towns a number of unemployed
persons who do not care to work at
this industry.
Unemployment.—At the beginning
of last month unemployment in Denmark was on the decrease, there being but 43,106 unemployed persons.
This flgure ls 13,194 under the number of unemployed as of the corresponding date last year.
"Garden" City.—In the hopes of
decentralizing the over-crowded cities
of Staffordshire, the Rural District
Council has decided upon the construction of a "garden" city, outside
the municipality boundaries, to which
there will be transferred a portion
of the Staffordshire population and
Protest Twelve-Hour Shift.—The
Catholic clergy of the Rhenish Lignite District have made a public pro
test against the twelve-hour shift of
the workmen in the lignite industry,
They have also protested against Sunday work, which they say should be
reduced to a minimum.
Portuguese East Africa
Labor Shortage.—The general labor
situation in Portuguese East Africa
reflects an approaching shortage
which may have serious effects on
the economic life of the province,
Commonwealth Edison Company
Chicago, 111.—The strike of electrical workers employed by the Commonwealth Edison company of Chicago, 111., has been declared off.
Commissioner Marshman reports that
these craftsmen struck for $12 per
day, an increase of $1, on December
18, and were out since that dato. The
men returned to work with the state
ment that they would finish all work
appropriated for in 1923, further adjustments to be made later.
"California Joe" Lynch, well known
here as a tough customer in the game
of fisticuffs, is billed to meet our
own Vancouver pride, Vic Foley,
champion bantamweight of Canada,
nt the Arena on Friday, April 24th.
Thees two boys are about the toughest that the ring fans can gaze on
around these parts, having fought
two vicious ten-round draws already.
Jack Alien, the popular manager of
Foley and promoter of these bouts,
has already secured a bunch of good
boys to fill out the bill. Mark the
date,   Friday,  April   24th.
Patronize  Federatlonist advertisers
Nanaimo and District
Wide interest is being manifested in the splendid Educational Articles now
appearing as regular features in
Official Organ of the
These Articles of Advanced Thought are highly appreciated and extensively
read by many labor men and women who think as well as work.
Subscription Price: Year, $2.50; Six Months, $1.50   5 Cents per Copy.
The Federationist will be pleased to receive News Items, as well as Manuscripts bearing upon the Labor Question in Its Widest Application
to Society Today.
Sample Copies may be obtained from the representative of the B. C. Federationist, who will also be pleased to receive copy and subscriptions for the
paper, by undersigned.
THE OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE BRITISH TRADE UNION DELEGATION TO RUSSIA—234 pages, with Maps and Illustrations. Price, $1.50
Post Free.
Book Seller and Stationer
[By Our Peripatetic Pagan]
TOASTER   SUNDAY!      A   very   sad
Sunday to all those who feel for
the unfortunate sufferers in the Nova
Scotia coal fields. One report in the
situation says: "Easter Sunday has
only one meaning to them—only a
little more destitution than prevailed
last Sabbath The  Rev.  A.   M.
McLeod of the Glace Bay relief committee announced the last cent of his
fund had been distributed. Nothing
could be given out on Sunday."
* #    •
Think of It, and let the thought
sink well into your make-up. Twelve
thousand of our fellow Canadians
wanting food and fuel with nothing
to look forward to tn the way of
alleviation, because by our beautiful
system under which we are living,
one country sells this country coal at
a cheaper rate than the home mines
can turn it out, Is this not an indictment and condemnation of the
system which brings such a horror?
• ' •    *
Well, Canadian trades unionists,
workers, socialists, what are you
doing about it? Day after day hag
slipped away, a belated protest here
and there appears in our organs and
that's all! Is it not time that some
quick action be taken? That energetic protests be lodged with the
governments; this terrible mess must
be at once righted and these people
provided for. If not there is surely
a grave danger of united sympathetic
strikes on the biggest scale throughout the dominion and if the international professions are anything prob*
ably in the States as well.
• •    •
Minor squabbles over technicalities
ln the situation are senseless at this
stage and in the face of the grim
tragedy waiting at this moment-
Enough that thousands of our comrades with their wives and little ones
are suffering hunger and want
through the damnable system under
which we live, and don't forget ln a
professedly Christian country,
• *    *
Three thousand assembled at English Bay, churches were all filled for
the EaBter worship, everywhere we
are told the resurrection of the
Christ was emphasized in a way, perhaps, that has never been equalled
in Vancouver. Was there in all those
meetings one word referring to the
horrors of the Nova Scotia coal
fields? Why, my brothers of the
cloth, whether Anglican, Wesleyan,
Methodists, Presbyterian, Baptists, or
whatever particular sauce you flavour
your Christianity with, if you be true
followers of the gentle Nazarene,
your voices should have shouted the
wrongs of such a condition of affairs that allows a tragedy like this
to be existing. Did one of you ever
refer to it?
* »    •
Counterfeit Russian bills are in
circulation we are told. Well, let's
watch out for them, but, let us remember Bolshevik Russia is not the
only country in the world that produces some five example of the
counterfeiter's art and so make this
another peg to hang the unfortunate
Russian on,
* *    •
In last week's issue of The Federationist the editorial on the food
comission recalls the attack made
on Lord Vestey "the meat king,"
by Mr. A, V. Alexander, M.P., in tho
British house of commons on February 17th.    He said:
"I would remind the committee
that Lord Vestey, thon Sir William
Vestey, in 1919-20 gave evidence before the royal commission on income
tax, and confessed that he had removed his organization, lock, stock,
and barrel, from this country in
order to escape his proper share of
income tax in the war time, when
we were asked to produce silver bullets to feed th guns, and he offered
before that royal commission to bring
his organization back provided that
we did not charge them more than
$500,000 a year in income tax.
These aro the people who come before the royal commission and say
that there are no profits, and that is
the kind of leader of trusts to whom,
subsequent to that evidence given before the royal commission on income
tax, political honors were given."
* *    ♦
You see, Vestey got his title from
a Lloyd George government after he
had made these concessions! And
that was the type of man that got
off easily  at the  food commission-
• *    *
Somo ot these lords In the old
country don't like too much education for the children of tho worker.
We must wire Tom Dickson and ask
him who wrote this:
"How can a lord live botter,
Than by shouting loud and long,
Than to educate the worker
Is altogether wrong!
♦ #    ♦
Friday is not such a bad day after
all—lots or the big ocean liners start
their voyages on Friday, then here
In B. C, you get your "FED" so there
you are!
In the next war, if war be declared
In the morning, attacking 'planes will
bo over the enemy's cupltal in the
afternoon.—Lord Thomson.
The Federationist believes in a
"cultural revolution," not a "bloody
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
401-408 Metropolitan Building
837 Hastings St. W.,   VANCOUVER,  B.O.
Telephones: Seymonr 6866 and 6687
Chiropractor, 709 Dunsmuir St.; 10 till 6
Soy. 0708. Evgs. by appt. Courteous service!
Pasteurizing Dairy Supplies Has
Grown in Faror During Fast
Twenty Years.
34 per cent reduction in nonpulmon-
ary tuberculosis at this age period. It
would thus appear that, from the
standpoint of the results attained in
the reduction of nonpulmonary tuberculosis at ages 1 to 4, the practice
of pasteurization has begun to yield
fruits which are susceptible of statistical demonstration. . . .
. . . An excess of 25 deaths per 100,-
000 Indicates the approximate danger from bovine tuberculosis at this
age period.
Tuberculosis Showed Decrease of
About 30 Per Cent, in the
Large Cities.
[Excerpts from article by C.-E. A.
Winslow and Cora E. Gray, in the
American Review of Tuberculosis,
October, 1924.]
'pHE practice of pasteurizing municipal milk supplies has steadily
grown in favor during the past twenty years and has been enforced by
ordinance in many of the larger cities
of the country. The object of pasteurization has been a three-fold one:
(1) to reduce the diarrhceal diseases
of infants, (2) to control epidemics of
typhoid fever, scarlet fever, septic
sore throat and other communicable
diseases of human origin, and (3) to
guard against the dissemination of
bovine tuberculosis.
The reduction of infant diarrhoea,
and in such milk-borne diseases as
typhoid fever and.septic sore throat,
which has been attained in recent
years is obvious and striking, although in both cases the results are
due to diverse factors. . . The third
problem that of bovine tuberculosis.
Is relatively a simpler one, and it
seemed to us that it would be of interest to see whether the practice of
pasteurization has demonstrably affected mortality from thfs cause in
the cities where It has been put in
force. We have assumed that the
nonpulmonary tuberculosis of infants
and young children should furnish a
helpful measure of the extent to
which infection from bovine sources
has been controlled, since it is generally assumed that disease of this
type Is due in a substantial proportion of cases to bovine bacilli. We
have therefore sought in the present
study to compare the reduction
in nonpulmonary tuberculosis of
Infants and young children with the
reduction in pulmonary tuberculosis
at these same age-periods as well as
in adult life, in cities which have, and
have not, affected a reasonably complete pasteurization of thcir general
milk supplies.  . . .
After careful consideration of possible sources of data, 22 cities were
selected for the purpose of this study
on the basis of available vital statistics running back to 1901 and of reasonably definite Information In regard
to the extent of pasteurization practised in the respective communities,
Group one: Less than 60 per cent,
of milk supply pasteurized in 1920:
Denver, New Haven, Providence and
Group two: Ninety per cent of milk
supply pasteurized soon after 1920:
Boston, Minneapolis, Pittsburg, St.
Louis and. Toledo.
Group three: Ninety per cent of
milk supply pasteurized between 1915
and 1920: Baltimore, Buffalo, Chicago, Cincinnati, Indiannapolis, Jersey
City, Milwaukee and Philadelphia.
Group four: Ninety per cent of
milk supply pasteurized before 1915:
Detroit, New York, San Francisco nnd
Washington. . . .
Summary nnd Conclusions
1. It appears evident from this
study that between the periods 1901-
1905 and 1910-1920 the mortality
from pulmonary tuberculosis at the
age periods under 1 year and 1 to 4
years, as well as the mortality from
all forms of tuberculosis (chiefly pulmonary) at ages 20 to 29 years, showed a reasonably uniform decrease of
about 30 per cent, in the large cities
whose  statistics have  been analyzed.
2. The mortality from non-pulmonary tuberculosis during the flrst year
of life showed on the whole, a slightly
greater decline (38 per cent for tho
whole group of cities studied). This
decrease has been no greater in those
cities with a milk supply which has
been generally pasteurized than in
the cities whero milk hns not been so
completely protected in this fashion-.
We are inclined to attribute tho goneral success thus attained in dealing
with nonpulmonary tuberculosis in
the flrst year of life to the general
campaign for education in the hygiene of infancy with its vigorous emphasis upon breast-feeding or home
pasteurization of milk used for in
3. It would appear probable that
the death-rate from nonpulmonary
tuberculosis of Infants In cities which
have a thoroughly pasteurized milk
supply cannot In any considerable degree be duo to bovine infection. It
appears, therefore, that infection from
human sources alone may account in
infants for a nonpulmonary tuborcu-
losis rate of about 130 per 100,000
combined with a pulmonary rate of
about 60 per 100,000—the total mortality from tuberculosis being slightly
greater than that which obtains at
nges 20 to 29. Bovine Infection would
seem today to be of negligible importance among infants in large cities
where tbe Infant-welfare campaign
has been vigorously carried on.
4. At the age period from 1 to 4
yenrs, on the other hond, variations
in nonpulmonary tuberculosis are
strikingly correlated with tho extent
of commercial pasteurization. The
group of citios having less thnn half
their milk pasteurized in 1920 show
an Increase of 13 per cent In mortality from nonpulmonnry tuberculosis
at this nge period, The cities which
attained the pasteurization of nino-
tenths of their milk supply, either between 1915 and 1920 or shortly after
1920, show a slight reduction. The
cities which had reached this degree
of pasteurization before 1915 show a
Plutocratic Philanthropy
Shackles College Freedom
(Continued  from  page 1)
the problem of getting gifts from
the rich Is comparatively simple.
Mr. Butler knows that; when he
wants a large sum of money he
surely would not pick out the 100
most generous people ln New York,
he would pick out the 100 richest
and hope that they were generous.
Phllanthrophy ls a sign of basic
social disorder. When we read that
Rockefeller or Duke has given away
a large sum of money, we may say
to ourselves that here is another
case where stolen property Is being
handed around by the thief or his
agents, where the community's attention is called to the fact that
distribution Is so unequal that one
man has at his disposal as much as
thousands have for a whole lifetime. This Inequality grows more
pronounced year by year. Its presence marks our society as one of
the most unsound social growths In
the. world.
The latest Onpheum circuit luminary Is Miss Roberta Arnold, brilliant
young actress of "The First Year,1
"Chicken Feed," an<f other successes.
She will be featured on next week's
program, April 23, 24 and 25, at the
Orpheum, appearing in a clever domestic comedy, "Their First Anniversary,"  by Anne Morrison.
Another celebrity on the bill Ib
Montague Love, an English gentle
man who appeared in America first
with Cyril Maude in "Grumpy"
which ran for forty weeks on Broad
Chain and Archer will present a
side-splitting travesty on mind-read
Ing, called "Oh, I Did Not," which
is said to be one of the funniest
things of Its kind on the stage. A
novelty mystery, with the melodramatic title of "The Test," will occupy
a feature spot on the bill. All the
old standbys of melodrama" aro here
—the adventuress, the man about
town, the thief, the detective, the
ambulance driver and the butler.
Jack Redmond and company will
offer the "Golf Wizard" which
should be of much Interest to the
lovers of golf. "Play Ball" Is presented by Lillian Faulkner and company. It ls a novelty not much out
of the ordinary. "Bits of Eccentricity" is the title of a fun feast in
which Warren and O'Brien occupy
the spotlight for fifteen minutes of
We Are Now Selling the
From the old WAKESIAH
SEAM. This coal is far
superior to any mined on
Vancouver Island today,
having More Heat, Less
Ash, and contains No Bock,
No Shale and No Clinkers.
If this coal is not satisfactory in every respect your
money will te cheerfully refunded.
A Trial Will Convince
Every Consumer
Leslie Coal
Co. Ltd.
Phone Sey. 7137
uproarious fun. "Mysteries of Old
Chinatown" is the title of Aesop's
Fable, Topics of the Day and the
Orpheum concert orchestra ln a
elected musical program completes
the bill.
Textile Striko
Brattleboro, Vt.—A wire from Commissioner R. A. Brown advises that
this textile strike has been settled
The result of the strike was a compromise. Prior to the commissioner's
arrival, the company had refused to
meet a committee of the strikers, but
at a joint conference arranged by him
the matters in dispute were amicably
FRESH       PURE        RICH
With all the cream left in.   We do not "separate" our milk.
Pasteurized for your protection.
9 Qts. for $1.00
The Ayrshire Dairy
DEAF?    Deaf?
NOW you can mingle with your friends without Hint embarrassment wfilch
ovory deaf person suffers. Now you cnn tako your place In tho sociat business worlds to which your talents entitle you, and (rom which your affliction
has In Boino measuro excluded you.
Inasmuch ns ovor 500,000 users huvo testified to tho wonderful results obtained
from tho "Acoustlcon," wo feel perfectly safo in urging every doaf porson,
without ft ponny of expense, to accept the
615 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B.O.
Ask (or CATTO'S.    For Bale at all Government Liquor Stores
Thli adrertlsement li aot published or displayed by tho Liquor Control Botrd or
by tho OoTomment of British Columbia
Fresh  Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
41 Hastings Strut Salt. Soy. »88«72     6S5 OranrUlo  Stroot Soy.  H1S1S91
151 Haitmit Stroot Woit. Soy. 1370    1017 Georgia Stmt West Soy. 7<ll
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
" McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items