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British Columbia Federationist May 18, 1923

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Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
$2.50 PER YEAR
Child Slavery Provides Big
Profits for Big
Legislative Committee Defends Beet Sugar
[By Stanley Bone]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Detroit — A Michigan legislative
committee is defending the powerful
beet sugar Interests of the State
against charges involving virtual child
slavery in the beet'fields, and attacks
the National Child Labor Committee
for compiling and publishing its report
in which the charges are made.
The committee's investigators in
Michigan say they found hundreds of
children performing the hazardous
and dwarfing drudgery of the beet
fields while mothers brought tiny
babies to sleep in fence corners. A
working day rangod from 10 to 14
hours a _4ay. School authorities, according to the report, were found to
concur in many instances in the plan
of declaring "vacations" for squads of
children during the beet harvest.
Yet the legislative committee, following a tour of the beet districts in
which all arrangements were made by
the beet sugar companies, has issued
a whitewashing report to the legislature, which follows In part:
"The National Child Labor Committee has not acted in good faith toward
either the poople or the legislature.
"Tho only beneflt ,to be gained
through the sensational propaganda
circulated by the National Child tabor Committee redounds to the beneflt
of the can sug^r interests, In that^t ls
being UBed ln an attempt to Induce
tariff legislation harmful to the befit
sugar industry.
"We recommend that the attorney-
general be requested to draft a bllll to
present to tho next legislature to regulate the soliciting of contributions
within this State by organizations
which are willing to solicit In the
name of reform and at the same Ume
spread unfair and unjust propaganda
concerning the various States In which
they are seeking to solicit funds.
"There has been no evidence presented to your committee by either
side to show that the conditions surrounding child labor in the beet In-
dustfl. are any different than those In
other Industries."
Yon "may wish to help Tbe Feder
atlonlst. Yon can do so by renewing
your subscription promptly and sending to the subscription of yonr friend
or neighbor.
Ottawa Trades Council Will
Take Hand in
[By John Robur]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Ottawa—The Ottawa Trades and
Labor Collncll has,decided to run a
straight Labor candidate in the elections for the Ontario Legislature,
which are expected in June. The selection ot the candidato was referred
to the convention of the Independent
Labor Party.
Prom 1920 to 1922 inclusive, there
has been a decline in trade union
membership in Canada of 101,426, the
Iobs in 1922 being 156 ln branches, and
36,699 ln members, according to figures of tho department of Labor, The
total membership of all classes of
trade unions In tho Dominion at the
olose of 1922 stood at 276,621, comprised In 2512 local branches. In 1914
the total membership waa 166,183. Of
the 92 International organisations operating ln Canada, 58 reported to the
department of Labor thc amount paid
out during 1922 for benefits, as follows:
Strike beneltts   J13,649,717
Death benefits     8,516,123
Unemployment and travelling benefits         753,704
Sick and accident benefit-..   1,446,408
Old age pensions and other
benefits     2,113,777
Three credit reform^ havo beon presented to a committee of parliament
which is revising the act regulating
banking In the Dominion.
Ono of these was submitted hore by
Prof. Irving Fisher of Yale, who Is one
of tho authors of a similar bill IntrO'
duced tn Congress, The other plan ts
what Is usually known as "the Douglas
credit schemo," and was explained to
the committee by Major Hugh C.
Douglas, its author.
The third plan, which waB described
as the most practical by the chairman
of the committee, was submitted by
Oeorge Bevlngton, an Albertan. It proposes the establishment of Provincial
banks that would meet the demand
for loans aB far as pOBslble with their
own notes; but would have the right,
If Bhort of funds, of ro-dlscountlng the
securities given for loans with tho federal government In return for Federal
The Canadian Bank Act Is now undergoing Its decennial revision, and
advantage has been taken of the flnan
clal roform mentioned. But the mem
bers of parliament, apart from a small
group of advanced Laborites and Progressives, appear to be sticking by the
exlitlng system of banking.
S Workers Leaving Canada to Seek Better
******   ****** ******    ******    ******    ****** ******
Conditions/ Says Labor Representative
"$ migration Minister Pre-
VntiT Howatt Address-
4      ing Miners
Cla\    Nature  of Present
\ %xty in Power Is
7 $ Revealed
[By J. S. Woodsworth]
The workers generally will be interested in the case of Alexander Howat,
who was refused admission into Canada by the acting minister of immigration.
According to a wire received from
J. B. McLaughlin, Howatt, ex-president of the Kansas miners, and Thos.
Myerscough were on their way to address a coal miners' meeting at Glace
Bay, soliciting the support of the Cape
Breton miners for the reinstatement of
the Kansas miners, who had been expelled from the United Mine "Workers
of America. Aside altogether from
the union quostions involved, it is a
serious thing if workers are to be refused admission into Canada.
.   Appeal Dismissed
The appeal of Howatt has been dismissed by ,the minister of Immigration, technically on the ground that
he was liable to become a public
charge; in reality, because he has a
prison record. The fhlnister states
that instructions have been issued that
any man from another country, Including Great Britain, seeking entry
to Canada, who has a prison record,
shall be excluded,
Thoro Is surely a strong case against
the arbitrary action of the authorities.
It may be successfully maintained that
tho minister is not acting according to
the law. It is simply preposterous to
claim that Howatt Is likely to become
a public charge. It is the duty of the
minister to administer, not to make,
the law. He Is very indignant against
the workers who defy tho law, a*hd yet
he himself would seem to set lt aside
when it pleases him, or use it simply
as a pretext for accomplishing that
for which he has really no authority.
A New Crime
So there has been Invented a new
crime—that of having a prison sentence! As one looks back over the
pages of history, it Is surely evident
that nearly all the reformers and prophets have come into conflict witfi the
State. Many of them have the honor
of a prison sentence. Some of the
upholders of law and order have been
brought up on the works of John Bun-
yan. We would remind them that
were he now alive, he would be prevented from entering Canada. A number of prominent Labor men in England, some of them now sitting in the
House of Commons, would be prevented from coming to Canada.
In Winnipeg several Labor men
served all sentences, and notwithstanding this—perhaps we should rather
say, because of it—have been elected
and then re-elected as representatives
of the pople in the Provincial House.
If they sought to visit the United
States, we presume the American authorities would, on the Canadian principle, prevent their entrance.
Proud Boast Gone
In these restrictive measures we
are going back on the best'-British
practice. Until recent years it was a
matter of boast that England was a
refuge for the politically oppressed of
the various countries of the continent,
(Continued on page 4)
To Ask Canadian Merchant
Marine Management
for Increases
For a considerable time the wages
and conditions on the vessels controlled by the Canadian Government Merchant Marine have been very unsatisfactory. Men have complained, left
the ships, and made all the protests
they could, and In all cases thetr demands have been refused and the conditions remained the same.
On the 1st of May, the Federated
Seafarers Union decided to put in demands, and the following rate of
wages and conditions have been demanded: That the wages of the following seamen be Increased $20 per
month: Boatswain, Donkeyman, Sail
ors and Firemen. Ordinary seamen to
get an increase of $1G per month.
Overtime rates to be paid at the rnte
of 60c per hour on ship's work, and
all other work at tho rate of Long
shoremen's wages.
The hours demanded are: Eight
hours daily, except daymen, who are
to cease work at noon Saturday until
Monday morning at 8 a.m. In port,
eight hours to he a day's work, except
Saturday, when crews will finish work
at noon and resume at 8 a.m. on Monday morning unloss overtime rates nre
paid. All holidays to be paid for at
overtime rates.
Cash advances of at least 50 per
cent, of wagos earned to be paid in
every port to seamen on demand.
A demaftd Is also made for better
food, and that all crews Bhall be hired
from the Federated Seafarers Union,
Trades Council to Assist Laborers in Organizing — Reports of
Local Unions to Central Body Indicate that Workers Are Seeing
Necessity for Organization—Several New Agreements Signed '
—-—S Up Without Trouble	
rjKCLARING that if the employers of Canada did not improve the conditions of Canadian workers,
L' there would be' no mechanics left in the eountry in a short time, A. J. Crawford, past president of
the council and now general organizer for the Sheet Metal Workers, struck a note at the Trades and
Labor Council on Tuesday evening, whieh was evidently well taken by the delegates present, as local
unions throughout the eity all report members leaving daily for the United States points to secure better conditions and higher wages.
Speaking of the local council meeting, the speaker pointed out that it was as representative as any
he had seen in Canada, not excepting Toronto, and he expressed his pleasure at the success whieh the
council was meeting in re-organizing the movement in Vtyieouver.
Referring to the conditions throughout the country, he stated that in Ontario there was more
work than in the western provinces, but that in Quebce there were too many unions and as a result
wages were low, thc employers being able to keep wages down owing to the divided councils of the
workers. Tn the Eastern States conditions are good, and Canadian workers are leaving for these points
in order to secure the higher rate of wages, and if things do not change there will be still more gp over.
Referring to the Trades Congress convention which is to be held in Vancouver in September next,
he. stated that President Moore expected to be in the city in July to make arrangements, and hoped
that the congress would be a success,, and expressed the opinion that it would aid the loeal labor movement to a considerable extent.
Replying to a question, Brother Crawford stated that Tom Moore did not receive a salary from
the Canadian National Railway, and that he had stated that he intended to stay with the Congress
no matter what other .position was offered him and what the salary Vould be, and the position he
held on the C. N. R. was an unpaid one.
Jim Somerville, Canadian vice-president of thc International Association of Machinists, also addressed the couneil, and stated that he was pleased to see thc efforts being made in Vancouver to
pull the workers together, and that AVinnipeg had the worst situation in Canada from an International union standpoint.
Referring particularly to the Machinists, the speaker stated that his organization had suffered
from the upheavals in the movement more than perhaps any other organization, and that when theorizing came in, disniption took place. Continuing, the speaker stated that there was plenty of room for
the'workers to carry on work to bring about a change in society, but the trades unions must confine.,
themselves to organizing the workers on the job and securing conditions for the members.
The   speaker   also   referred   to  thofsecure a charter from Congress, thentsuccess, over $140 being on hand after
open shop campaign, and the company
unions which had sprung up as a result of the disruption In the movement, He nlso referred to' the Fascisti ln Ttaly, and stated that there
was much spade work to bo done before capitalism would be dead. In
conclusion, he vrged if the workers
want high wages, they must pay high
dues to get them, and also stated that
the Trades Congress of Canada represented the mass Intelligence of' the
workers of the country, and as the
movemont improved, so would the
Laborers Make Appeal
Two delegates from the Laborers
Union appeared~"before the council,
and asked for the assistance of the
organization in securing a charter.
The flrst speaker, Phil Floyd, stated
that the organization had sixty-one
members signed up.
Tom Stafford urged the need for
the organization of the unskilled workers, and that if it was impossible to
A Call to the Young Folks
to Organize Local
The lot of the young workers of
Canada is not a pleasant one. 'The
capitalists use you ln place of adult
workers ln the factories because he
can make you do the same amount of
work for less wages. You are cheaper
to him than an adult worker, therefore, he makes greater proflt by hiring
you. "When you are unemployed your
position is more desperate than that
of those workers who are married, because they receive doles and you do
not. Altogether you are the most exploited and worst treated of the whole
working class.
When the capitalists, to protect
their Interest ngainst a rlvaj group of
exploiters, declare war, you are called
upon firEt to "protect your country."
Your youthful enthusiasm and desire
for adventure is used to fool you Into
fighting for the interests of the few
financiers and, Industrial magnates
who own the factories, railroads,
mines and banks of the country. You
are told this ls "patriotism," and because of that? you flght ajgalnat workers nf another country in the Interests
of your bosses.
The*'organizations which you join
thinking that they are built to conduct
■Bports, etc., are supported by the financiers and magnates, because ln
these organizations you are taught to
be a willing worker, to respect the
law, and become a "good citizen."
They keep you In poverty, and tell you
that some day you can become u millionaire. The Y. M. C. A., the church
clubs, the Boy Scouts, are all financed
by the bosses to poison your mind and
to prevent you finding out that you
are being'exploited for tho beneflt of
the capitalists.
Tlio Young Communists League of
The next meeting of the Young
Communist League will be held at 8
p.m., 303% Pender Street West (U. P.
Hall, near corner of Hamilton nml
Pender Streets), on May 25. All young
wage workerB are earnestly Invited to
attend, or correspond with the secretary, who Ib always ready to forward
Information to them. Please address
all correspondence to the secretary,
Young Communist League, 303% Pender Street WeBt, Vancouver, B. C.
the laborers were prepared to accept
an A. F. of L. charter, but he urged
that something be done at once.
Secretary Bengough stated that\e
had informed two members of the Laborers Union that the Building Laborers and Hod Carriers Union covered the jurisdiction, and had advised
that this course be pursued, and had
given them an application for a charter from this orgalnzntion. W. Bartlett, as a' representative of Congress,
stated that he had informed the local
that lt was impossible for Congress to
grant a charter, and considered that a
charter from the Builders Laborers
ond Hod Carriers would he most suitable.
Delegate Midgloy said that the Laborers could apply to Congress for a
charter for a Federal Laborers Union,
and that In the past, the formation of
groups of different laborers had not
been a success, but that a Federal
Union acted as a recruiting ground,
and at a later date the different
groups could be formed from that
body. The matter was finally referred to the executive to take such
action as that body considered best
suited to the case.
Dance Success
Delegate Herrett stated that the
Clgarmakers'  beneflt  was  a  decided
J. H. McVety Is Successful
Against Private Employment Agents
On Tuesday, when J. H. McVety,
superintendent of the Government
Labor Buroaus, appeared in the police
court charged by the representative
of a private employment agency with
a violation of tho act covering the
operation of employment bureaus, the
magistrate* dismissed the case.
A week previous, the complainants
were requested to furnish particulars
as to the charge, but on Tuesday thoy
wished to have tho charges withdrawn.
Mr, McVety, however, objocted to this
course, and demanded that tlio case
be proceeded with. The magistrate
agreeing with this contention, decidod
that no case had been made against
the accused, and dismissed the chargo.
The case was laid as stated In last
week's issuo, as Mr. McVety is drawing a salary for his services in the
Labor bureaus, which Is entirely different to an agent of a company accepting fees for sending men to work,
or acting for private employers.
A Point Worth Watching
Numerous complaints as to non-delivery of The Federationist are received in a year, btu the fault ls not
with the mailing department. If you
change your address, send in a notice
to that effect and also the old address
as well as the new one, and we will
attend to the rest.
May  18th to May 25th
FRIDAY,  May 18—Molders.
SUNDAY, May 20—Maintenance
of   Wnymen.
MONDAY, May 21—Klectricnl
Workers No. 310, Boilermakers, Bridge and Structural
Iron Workers, Federnl Labor
TUESDAY, May - 22—Barbers.
Machinists No. 692, City Policemen,  Hlacksmlths.
WEDNESDAY, M«y 23—Brlck-
all bills were paid, and all returns not
yet in. He asked that all money be
turned in aB soon as possible.
Tho Trades Congress committee reported that it wns necessary to have
funds, and urged the local union?} to
Delegate Brooks, in making the report, referred to the fact that the donation fiom the City Council was still
in abeyance, as the matter had been
referred back to committee, and the
Provincial government had not yet responded. Secretary Bengough was instructed to attend the next City Council meeting to press the claim for the
Complaints ngainst the quarantine
conditions .of the people who had contagious diseases In their homes, was
voiced by Mrs. Dolk and others. Mrs.
Dolk urged that all attention should
be given by the health authorities to
the quarantined people, who were
without necessities. Another delegate
(Continued on page 4)
Mass Meeting Passes Resolution Supporting
When tho large audience at the Columbia theatre last Sunday evening
was informed that Charles Lestor,
who had been challenged by Maurice
Spector. to debate on the Third International, was not present, there was
naturally some disappointment; but
those who felt that they had been de
tiled something at the beginning of thc
meeting, wore not sorry at the end.
jifter hearing the lucid explanations
of Spector, and the analysis of Lester's criticisms of Soviet Russia and
the  Moscow International.
I-hirlng question time, the following
resolution was presented to the meeting:
"Resolved, Thai this mass meeting (tf Vancouver workers at tlio
Columbia theatre, Sunday. Mny 13,
mi!:., taking cognizance of the fact
that  whereaa  Charles  Lestor,   mt
tho S. P. of C, was duly challenge**!
to debate tonight with M. Speetor,
of lho Workers Party of Canada, on
the alms and polteles of the Third
International, and wlierens Charles
I-C'Mtnr refused to meet the challenger, this meeting expresses lis solidarity with the position of the Communist International, as outlined by
M, Speetor, and condemn C. Lestor
for hts failure to appear to substantiate his propaganda, which Is hos-
tlei to the Third International, and
detrimental   tn   Soviet   Russia   and
the   Lubor   movement   in   general.
And further resolves lhat a ropy of
this resolution 1>e sent for publication to The B. C. Foderntionist, the
Worker, Toronto, and the Western
When   tho   resolution   was  put   by
Chairman   Halliday,   thero  were  only I
two dlsnentlng voices to lio heard, but
the ayes made enough tioino to Indicate that the large majority were with
tho workers in  Russia, who are attempting to bring order out of a chaos
which capltnllsm has created In that
Sunday next thc usual propaganda
mooting will bo hold in the XX'. P. hall,
303 fonder Street WcsC-nt 8 p.m. Tho
speakers will ho Phil Floyd and Dr.
W. J. Curry.
Union Official Receives His
Reward from Employing Class
One-time Head of Railroad
Man Given a Good.
[By Carl Haessler]
(Federated Staff Correspondent)
Chicago—'Repudiated and deposed
by his own union and execrated by
railway shopmen whom he sabotaged,
B. F. Grable, former president United
Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way
Employees, has gravitated to his
natural resting place as member of
tho U. S. rail labor board. It is a
typical story of how the Harding administration rewards the misleaders
of .labor.
The slaughter of Grable and his
Heutenanst at the laBt convention of
his organization was so terrific that it
became a stock warning to union officials who violated the expressed demands of their men. Grajjje was deposed because he had refused last
July to call out several hundred thousand men of his organization on strike
in unison with the 400,000 shopmen.
The union had declared for a strike
by almost 98 per cent, of those voting.
The shopmen lost most of what they
might have won with tho help of the
maintenance of way men and the only
reward to the maintenance men was
a 2-cent an hour raise, making their
average wage 34.7 conts an hour. But
Grable, who kept his men out of the
strike and lost tho presidency of his
union, now has a safe $10,000 a year
Job from President Harding for five
years as "labor" representatlve'on the
railroad labor board.
Railroad union olllclals hesitate to
express their opinion of the appointment in view of the fact that their
wages and hours cases will be passed
upon by Grable, who Is supposed to
represent tho Labor interests on the
board. His own union, however, ls on
record with a stinging repudiation of
"Mr. Grable has never been recommended for thc Labor Board by his
own organization, nor has he been re
commended by any of the.bona fide
railway organizations of the country,"
declares F. Flnson, editor official Journal of the maintenance of way men'.'
But under the arrangement Grable
had to have some organization that
might pass as a union to nominate
him before Harding could appoint him
as a Labor representative. So the Order of Railroad Supervisors, an organization of straw bosses, came to
the rescue and presented his name to
Harding, When the creation of the
Railroad Labor Board was under discussion In congress In 1920, It was
quietly whispered about that a supervisory organization could be used for
just such purposes to put the "right
man on tho board ostensibly as a labor
The extent of the fraud put over on
railroad labor by Harding's appointment of Grable is diminished by tho
dwindling Importance of the bonrd.
The unions are beginning to prefer direct negotiation with the railroads,
rather than depend on n bonrd whloh
hns been stacked against them.
The greatest assistance that thc
readers of The Federatlonist cnn render us at this time. Is by securing a
new subscriber. By doing so you
spread tho news of thc working clans
movement and assist us.
Eureka, Cnl.—A 17-year-old girl.
Kutluirine Dawson, president girls
auxiliary, Rockbridge Woman's Club,
shocked the Callfornln Federation of
Women's Clubs convontion here by announcing:
"Wo, the club women of the future,
will look for the causes of poverty Instead of devoting our efforts to charity."
Send Delegation to Trades
Council  for
A meeting of tho newly-formed
Laborers' union was held on Mondny
night in the Labor Hall, W. Bartlett,
chairman of the provincial executive
of tho Trades Congress of Canndn
being prosent.
The quostion of scouring n charter
was again dealt with, and Brother
Bartlett stated that he had wired to
Preaident Moore of the Trrtdcs Congress, but h.td received no reply.
It was decided lo send a delegation
of two to the Trades ('ouncil meeting
on Tuesday night, with tho object of
securing the aid of that body In obtaining n charter, tho delegates elected being P. Floyd and T. Stafford.
From Information from severnl
present, It was learned that men
working hi lumber mills hi the district woro desirous of organizing, and
that as soon ns the charter was received nnd the union placod upon a
propor footing, ther would be a largo
number of men apply for membership.
It was also decided to circularize
all unions hi the city, urging Ihem to
nssist the laborers to organize.
The noxt meeting Is to bo held on
Monday, May 21st, In the Labor Hall,
and all members or intending mombors are requested to attend this
meoting, when It Is expecletd that
definite action will be tnken ns to the
securing of a charter.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
Miners of Nova Scotia Enforce Laws on Labor
Pass Resolutions Proclaiming Solidarity with Revo-
tionary Movement
[By Malcolm Bruce]
In the face of a campaign of unprecedented malignancy and virulence,
the May Day celebration throughout
District 26, U. M. W. A., was carried'
out triumphantly. The press and pulpit vied with each other in denunciation of a recognition of the workere'
The previous Sunday every church
came out Into the open as agents of
capitalist, and thundered their anathemas against the propoaed celebration. Priests and parsons alike showed their united front of sycophancy
and subservience. They aommanded
Jn the name of their gods and_jnnstera,
celestial and mundane, the workerB to
abstain from the celebration.
The old religious wheezes were trotted out. Treason against the Soviet
government was extolled, and they
mude use of the execution of black-
robed spies In Moscow in a general
avalanche of abuse and lies. All the
arts and wiles of experts, long trained
ln sophistry, wero utilized to disrupt
the organization of the workera.   I
Tho B. _,, S. Co., called upon tlieir
government at Ottawa to prevent Alex.
Howat from entering Canada, though
they permitted the notorioua Van Bltt-
ner, confederate of the unspeakablo
ex-Governor Allan of Kansas, to enter.
The writer, who was billed to speak,
wns delayed by washouts at Moncton,
N. B. m
Long Lhe Communism
But those who counted upon breaking the spirit of those Nova Scotia
workers, were disillusioned. In a
downpour of rain, some 4000 workers
marched to the strain of revolutionary
airs of the proletariat, with the red
flag at the head of the parade. Thla
20-foot wide banner was made ln Sydney, In the centre of it was a circle
enclosing the emblem of the Communist International, the Hammer and
Sickle. Arched above were the words
Workers of the World Unite—Workera
Party of Canada. At the bottom appeared the slogan, Long Live Communism.
Ban on Booze
. For twenty years the sloppy uplifters  and  the  capitalist   governments
hove made a bluff at keeping the discontinued onjoage 3)
Carpenters   Secure   Many
New Members in
Results aro already In sight from
thc orgnnizntion campaign of Locnl
4r>_! of tho United Brotherhood of
Carpenters and Joiners. Eleven new
members woro admitleed, and It was
reported tnat some twenty-six applications hnd been received.
Following the report of Increased
membership, It was decided to have a
I roe raffle on the car belonging to tho
organization, ench member attending
the meetings before nud on thc last
moeting night In Juno to be given a
ticket, thedmw to be mado on the
night of eleotlon of officers, which
takes place on June 26th. If the
holder of the winning ticket Is not
present nt this meeting, a second
draw will be mndo. and this cuurse
pursued until a mom-bor present can
produce thc dupllcnto of the ticket
drawn. The object Ib to secure the
best possible attendance during the
organizing campaign. With wnges
boing increased In all cities south of
the line, ther is a feeling that with a
more effective organization, the wages
of the Vancouver curpenters could be
J. G. Smith, who had nt a previous
moeting been elected to tho Trados
and Labor Council, and whose credentials had ben returned because of
tho fact thut he had not been a member for one year, stnted that he wished his credentials to be" withdrawn,
and that at a later date he could be
returnod to thc council if the local
bo wished. His wish was acceded to,
and W. Page elected'In his stoad.
Death of Mrs.  Robinson
Mrs. J. R. Robinson, well-known in
local Labor circles, passed away on
Tuesday at tho General Hospital, after
a lingering Illness. The funeral will
take placo today (Friday), from the
undertaking parlors of T. J. Kearney
-ft Co., 808 Broadway West. Interment wilt tako place in Mountain View
Ottawa—Tho conference betweon
the Dominion am) the nine Provincial
governments of Canada on lnbor legislation, which was to havo been held
In June, hns been postponed to September. The purpose of the gathering
Is to considor legislation, including the
eight-hour day, growing out of the Lahor conventions drawn up at Washington nnd Geneva by the International Labor conferences. PAGE TWO
fiiteenth year, wq. -0 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouveb, b.c.
FRIDAY May 18,  19_8
Published every Friday morning by The B. C. Federatloniat
. Rualness Offlce:   1129 Howe Street
Editorial   Offlce:    Room   300—319   Pender   Street  West
Editorial Board:   P. R. Bongough, R. H. Neelands, J. M.
* -*ln»-     .*.__.i>_   Oortliiv
Clark. George Bartley.
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, 13.00 per
year; Canada, J2.60 per year, S1.50 for six months; to
Unions subscribing In a body, 16c per member per
month.  ____
Unity of Labor: Tlie Hope of the World
FRIDAY.. Mny 18, 192-
Support for School Bylaw Needed
FOB A CONSIJ-l-RAI..___ time the schools in Vancouver have been overcrowded. Children have
had to work under conditions which would not bc
tolerated in any up-to-date city, yet the taxpayers
have refused to vote money Cor the purpose of
erecting schools or even repairing those which are
already in existence.
A school bylaw will be submitted to the electorate in the very near future. This by-law provides
for the raising of $275,000, for the erection of a
school on thc Dcnman Street grounds, but unless
something is done, the big interests will again line
up their forces and vote it down, and the congestion in the schools will become more intense.
. S, Sf.
It might be said that the workers have no interest in the erection of schools to spread ruling class
education, but thc fact remains that as conditions
are, the children of the workers are compelled by
law to attend thc schools, and to receive such education as is given in those institutions. Overcrowding and the consequent unsanitary conditions, including foul air, and all that these things mean, affect the children of the workers, and unless thc organized workers get out and work for the carrying
of the bylaw, the school will not be erected, and as
already stated, the conditions in the city schools
become worse.
This is a matter which should bc discussed in
every local union. There arc a number of workers who by chance or misfortune, own property and
have to hand over part of their wages in thc shape
of taxes, they should at least recognize that the
health of thcir children depends on their surroundings, and that tho school environment has a large
part to play in the health of their children.
The Assassination of a Russian
Patriot and the Possible Results
JUSTICE IS VIEWED by different people in dif-
J fercnt Ways. It is just to execute Roger Casement for being a traitor to the eountry, of which
he was supposed to be a subject, but when Soviet
Russia, after a fair trial, executed a counter-revolutionist, then the world was up in arms-4hat is
the capitalist world.
Should a representative of any capitalistic government iu any other country than his own be
assassinated, diplomatic relations would get a rude
shock, and the press would cry out in indigation,
and solemnly affirm that the honor of the country
was at stake, and that the governmont under wliich
the assassin lived, should at once abjectly apologize
for the grave crime committed against international relations.
**, .      **>. :      **>
But Soviet Russia has upset the capitalistic mind.
It has defied all the efforts to crush out the first
workers' republic ,and when a representative of
that country, stationed as a trade representative, is
assassinated, there is little to do about it, and the
matter is passed over very lightly. Such is the
capitalistic view of ethics in business or in morality.
But when Comrade Vorovsky was assassinated in
Sausanne last week, in spite of the fact that he was
entitled to guarantees of safety, something was
started that may not cud witli tbe death of that
Russian patriot Press despatches claim that this
will not be thc last time that a representative of
Russia will bc destroyed because of his allegiance
to thc working class regime of that eountry. One
such reads:
Rome, May 11—The essassinattion of M. Vorovsky, who was the Soviet commercial representative in Rome, is considered here to bc tho
beginning of energetic action against the Red
Russian leaders.
*        *        *
But while Russia appears to stand alone, there is
a growing sentiment in her favor amongst the
working class generally. There is also a militant
soction of thc working class in every country wliich
is prepared to stand by Rassia at any and all times.
This section will have to be reckoned with, if sueh
affairs are allowed to continue. British workers, in
thc past, declared that there must be an bauds off
Russia policy. Tbey may, along with thc militant
workers of the world, declare "Hands across the
capitalistic world to Soviet Russia," and the as
sassination of Russian representatives will give this
move an impetus that .those responsible for them
will regret.
be passed on to the childran's children with an
embellished memorial setting forth the valor of
the relative. Society at most is no more than a
great paternity that should be proud of the
achievements of its soils and give them suitable commemoration.
*        *        *
That supreme touch about the souvenir of capture and slaughter is a masterpiece. Fancy the advocacy of passing on to children the relics of the
bloodiest struggle in history, and glorifying them?
But there arc other relics besides those made out of
steel and iron. There are the widows and orphans
and the war torn heroes whom no one wants, and
a "grateful country" has discarded. These are the
relics which should bc brought to the attention of
thc rising generation, not with the idea of inculcating the spirit of militarism, but with the view of
ihowng them what capitalistic butchery means to
the slaves of a ruling class which'has no use for its
relies, cither human or otherwise, but who are endeavoring to prepare more material for more relics
for future wars. There may bc glory in war, but
the human relics have not found it as yet. Theirs
ihe misery and suffering, and the spoils go to their
masters who offer them up as living sacrifices on
the altar of mammon.
Budgets and the Workers
WHENEVER A BUDGET is introduced in a
Canadian or any other parliament, there is
much to do. Ink flows like water, and the press is
filled with comments either in favor or against the
proposals of the minister of finance. The opinions
of leading business men are sought, and given full
publicity, but we never saw a budget that ever
proposed, anything which suggested that the workers would be benefited thereby. Of course, the
politicians always endeavor to prove that their
particular views will work for the dear people, and
give the consumer some relief. But the general
publie, that great unknown quantity, in spite of
tariffs and all the proposals of finance ministers
still toil on, and get by somehow.
•■- -.-.'■ * :- *
In so far as the opinions of British Columbia industrialists are concerned, it would appear that thc
budget introduced last week by the Hon. W. S.
Fielding, is a favorable one. The mining interests
state industry will be encouraged by the bounty on
copper and other metals.
The high spots in the new tariff proposals, according to one local newspaper, are as follows:
Preferential tariff reduced by a discount of
ten per cent.
Reduction in raw and refined sugar.
Cigarettes reduced to former rates, both customs and excise.
Maximum tax on cheques, etc., out in half.
Bounty on copper bars and rods.
Duty on potatoes from the United States
Raisins and dried currants free under preferential tariff, raised from 2 to 3 cents under
other tariff.
Sales tax to be imposed at the source and
increased to six per cent, on the manufactured
Ol' import cost.-
Enquiry to be held into question of prohibit-,
ing or limiting export of unmanufactured wood.
Amendment of the Customs Act to permit reciprocal trade arrangements with tho United
it wilt be noticed by the thoughtful reader, that
the sources of all wealth, the wage worker, and the
agricultural laborer have evidently been overlooked,
There is no bounty for them. But every proposal
put forward, deals with the disposal of the wealth
which labor creates.
In passing, it might also be noted that When the
workers were unemployed, there was no relief in
sight. They went hungry, and in many cases had
to have their wages reduced when fortunate* enough
to get a job. But when big business is unable to
secure all thc trade necessary to reap great dividends, relief is forthcoming at once, as in the proposals to aid thc mining industry of the Province,
which has already, by the aid of the slaves cm-
ployed in it, provided nearly seventy millions of
dollars in profits for those who own the mines.
Capitalism is a system which has been the source
of the wealth of the ruling class. That class owns
and controls the means of wealth production; the
slaves they exploit and the natural resources of the
country, consequently it can not be expected that a
class which lives on the labor of others, and thff
greater the exploitation of the wealth producers,
the greater the wealth of that class, is going .to
legislate in the interests of the workers. Tariffs
aud budgets arc ruling class affairs, and do not
affect working class interests to any appreciable
extent, when the class is taken as such. In some
instances, they may for the moment, have a slight
effect, but iu the end, the workers are poverty-
stricken, their lives onc long round of toll, and the
only hope they have is through the overthrow of
the system which creates their misery.
A Question of War "Relics"
IT APPEARS that somewhere in Vancouver, there
is a relic of the late war which no onc wants.
The Vancouver Daily World, commenting on this
fact, says in part:
A Oerman howitzer, captured somewhere in
France, is lying at thc Union yards unwept, un-
honorcd and unsung. It is one of thc war
trophies probably captured by British Columbia troops and assigned to the city as a testimony to the bravery of the blood that was shed
in its capture.   Now nobody wants it.
* * *
The World then goes on to comment on the
fact that this relic of tbe slaughter in capitalistic
Europe, in which many Canadians lost tbeir lives,
has been passed up by various civic bodies, and
also that onc alderman suggested tbat a good resting place would be in the middle of the Inlet. The
concluding paragraph of the editorial comment
reads as follows: . '
If any alderman had a son in I1 ranee during
thc great conflict and the son had bayonetted a
German .taking from him some souvenir of his
capture or slaughter, and sending it home with
the story of the struggle, such souvenir would
The hysterical outbursts, both pro and eon, on
the revivalist meetings held by Dr. Price, might
call for comment in the editorial columns of this
paper ,if it were possible to reach those who are
affected by such nonsense, but recognizing that
those who believe in Divine, healing or any other
belief, are impossible, we will leave tbe question to
the parsons to settle.
The Folly and the Result of Secession
[By Robt. Hewitt]
If any ot the Railway Shopmen
were to see a preacher get hla congregation into church for the purpose
of interesting them in his views aiid
tihen seo him leave them there and
go out and deliver his sermon to himself, they would Immediately conclude
that he was a "nut." Or if he selected a few of those who had already accepted his doctrine, and they were to
leave the congregation in the church
and gather around the stove In the
vestry, complimenting each other upon their newly-acquired wisdom, while
they characterized the congregation
as reactionaries, inasmuch as their
doctrinos had not been accepted by
all, we would at least question very
much the wisdom of the.*, few.
If a locomotive engineer, charged
with the responsibility of delivering
his long train to tlie terminal, and becoming weary of the slow progress
being made, was to be seen cutting off
the engine from his train In order
that he might progress faster, we
would also question his sanity, as he
would still have to come bade for his
train before he could attain his objective.
If a number of those within our
Labor unions, become desirous of a
change in the structure, or the policy
of our unions, thc flrst esential of
course it to impress a majority with
their viewpoint. If these men as a
means to that end, seclude themselves
from those whom they desire to win
over, hold their little mutual admiration, fireside gatherings, compliment
themselves upon their superior mentality, and question the sanity of
those who fail to accept their viewpoint, are they not in the same category aa both the preacher and the
engineer referred to above would be?
The preacher will never convert his
flock by talking to himself. The engineer will never deliver his train by
separating his engine from lt. Neither
would our Labor unions ever change
lf those who desire to change them
should secede from them. Fortunately, however, they do not all secede. The policy of any labor union
can only be determined by its affiliated membership, therefore only to
the extent we   remain  in   affiliation
•f can we take our part in directing Its
In "our railway unions we will flnd
those who advocate a class form of
organization, without craft or Industrial lines. Others again advocate
the abolition of craft lines and organization according to Industry;
still others we (Ind who advocated a
Canadian organization. These are but
a few of fhe proposed substitutes that
we hear of, for our presont form of
organization. Without going into the
relative merits of either of these ideas,
I merely wish to emphasize this point,
that anyone who has either one of the
above objectives in mind, and who
gets outside of his union, simply robs
his union of that much sentiment in
favor of his idea or particular objective, where on the other hand by remaining inside of his organization he
will iu time impress others with his
views, if thero is any merit in them.
So much for the lolly of secession,
The result of secession Is evidenced
on tho job in the shape of factional
hostility, disorganization, wasted energy, wnsted finance, competition for
recognition umong the leaders, at tho
expense of the wages and conditions
of the man ou the job; interference
during schedule negotiations; increased number of units of organization
and decreased number ot organized
workers; lack of unity and power to
enforce wage agreement on the job
after they are negotiated; and many
other undesirable conditions that need
no enumerating to the man on any
job where secession has taken place.
And why all this? Simply the Inevitable result of a foolish endeavor
to attain some end, that lf attainable
at all, can only be attained when a
majority of the members of any
union can be brought to ylew it with
favor, and can so easily be obtained
when they do. As above stated fortunately those who have Ideas regarding the future progress and development of their unions do not all secede.
Gradually, but surely, bur unions will
continue to progress, in spite of the
fact that their true progress is being
retarded by secession and its Inevitable results. Secession, foolish and
disastrous secession, has been the
curse of the American Labor movement.
[By J. S. VVoodsworthJ (
A GAIN" THIS YEAR I have been do-
•**■ Ing what I could to have taken off
the statute books the repressive ltgls-
lation which was placed there in 1!)19.
This consisted of- an amendment to
the Immigration Act, an amendment
to the Criminal Code, an amendment
to the Nationalization Act and the reorganization of "the Mounted Police.
We have kept hammering away flt all
four pieces of legislation, but with
small effect.
This year, Mi-. Meighen, who was responsible largely for this legislation,
and who defends it on the ground that
it was very necessary at that period of
industrial unrest, joined us ln urging
that certain clauses in the amendment
to the Immigration Act should be repealed. The government, although
Liberal In name, Is in no sense Liberal
in its policies, and so it is still true
that all born outside of Canada, including British born, are deprived of
the right of trial by Jury.
Indeed in some respects, the present
government Is seeking more authority
than ever. The Secretary of State desires to have the absolute right to demand the rejection of those who seek
Canadian citizenship. It seems absurd that In a country of some nine
millions of inhabitants that one man
shall have the right to say who shall
be permitted to enter the gate of citizenship and'even when He has entered
has the right to reject him if he dues
not like the way he ls acting. Likewise the acting minister of Immigration, in his bill on Chinese Immigration, has succeeded In securing for
himself in every case, not subject in
any way to revision by any court or
other public body.
The Howatt Case
How this arbitrary power works out
is illustrated in the case of Alexander
Howat. Howat was invited by the
miners of Cape Breton to address them
on May Day, He was stopped at the
border on the technical ground that
he was a criminal and guilty of moral
even though it was shown that it was
difficult for Orientals to obtain white
nurses. Undoubtedly racial prejudice
is accountable for a great deal of the
Oriental propaganda. Of course, we
ought to maintain standards for our
Canadinn workers. It is, however,
doubtful whether more exclusions will
solve the problem. Even If we get rid
of the competition of the Orientals ou
this side of the Pacific, we would still
have to face the competition on the
other side- lt simply means a transfer. That this has ln part already
taken place, is shown by the cargoes
of goods that are now arriving from
the Orient.
Clnss Legislation
In another bill which came up recently, we see revealed the class character of our legislation. The ministor
of Justice. Introduced a measure which
has the practical effect of giving t
monopoly of betting to those who control horse racing. It is quite legal to
set up a pari mutuel machine on
race track, but It would be illegal to
do so at any athletic meet. It Is quite
legal for men'to bet on th£ race track
when therace is In progress, but it is
Illegal for men to bet oh thc results
outside of the track. I have no desire to encourage betting, but do again
denounce the Injustice and hypocrasy
of such legislation,
Close contact with the governmental
machinery makes one realize the difficulties connected with the administration of our affairs. We seek to escape
the evils of the patronage system by
setting up various commissions, such
as the Civil Sorvice Commission, the
Railway Board, etc. Then we find
that these commissioners are so independent of parliament that we have no
means of ensuring that they are being
carried on effectively, or that they ure
not devolving their own system of
patronago. and their own methods of
graft. Again and again workers of
various sections of the country send in
complaints as to the way In which
affairs aro being carried ou. When we
come to look into these, we find that
Walton Newbold, Communist member of the British House of Commons, has beon suspended from
the Mother of Parliaments. His crime was that he
made disparaging remarks about a Conservative
politician. We can hardly conceive ihe terms which
he used, but wc do suggest that if they were sufficiently bad to warrant his suspension, that they
must be unprintable; for as a rule, Conservative
and Liberal politicians -are but the lackays of the
ruling class.
The latest news from Russia, via the capitalistic
press, is tbat tlie church has made a frame-up with
the Soviet government to save that institution from
destruction. Wc imagined that the Soviet government was some classy institution, but we did not
realize thta it was capable of taking hold of the
church and reforming it. If it has done this, it
stands as thc masterpiece of all history; for as a
rule, the ehurch has functioned in the interests of
the slave-owning class, and at no time has taken the
side of the workers. The story, as printed in the
press, will fit either case, whether Tikhon is executed or not, and will not hold water. Another
sample of rilling class propaganda.
Drugless Healing
turpitude. So far as we can learn, the often the government itself Is not re-
moral of turpitude eonsisteH of his ex- J sponsible, but rather one of these In
erclsing on behalf of his union, his unalienable right to stop work.
His travelling companion, Thomas My-
erscough, was also detained on the
ground that he was associated with a
criminal. When we consider the way
In which Great Britain has usually
treated political offenders, we must
realize that Canada is very far from
carrying forwurd the best British traditions. It is rather Interesting in this
connection to know that James Larkin,
who wos a few weeks ago refused admission to Canada, has been admitted
to Great Britain—this after full publicity b,ad been given on the floor of
'the House.
Another bill of Interest to the workers was that relating to Chinese exclusion. This was largely the outcome of
the agitation which has been carried
on by the members from British Columbia. The new bill -prohibits the
entry of all Chinese except diplomats,
merchants and students and Canadian-
born children. The advocates of exclusion were very bitter In their denunciation of the low moral standards
of the Chinese, and yet by this legislation, they-prevent the tens of thousands of Chinese now in the country, as
well as future immigrants, from bringing in their wives and children, thus
creating conditions which will inevitably lead to immorality and low standards of living. Small wonder that we
Britishers are regarded by the world
at large as hypocritical.
Tho Opium War
Again, with regard to the Chinese,
we complain bitterly that they handle
narcotic drugs, and say never a word
about the opium war by which we
forced opium upon the Chinese people,
or about our monopoly of the opium
trafflc In India, by which great financial interests draw immenso revenues.
Again, we complain about the low
sanitary standards, and yet In Vancouvor, Chinese and Japanese girls were
refused permission to train as nurses
in  the Vancouver General  Hospital,
THERE Ib no placo on tho PaoIAc
(-iiust that hss tho equipment wn
have for tho removal of the cause of
disease, Wo are specialists in skin
diseases, loss at manhood, and goneral
debility. We can show yon if you
are bothered with any of the above.
We have the equipment, the experience, and the knowledge that only
thia experlenoe can five. If you
want real Scientific Serrloe, seo VA.
Downie Sanitarium
314 Standard Bank Bldg.
Sey. 603, High. 2134L
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Wear a Wrap-
Around Corset
For Absolute Summer
HnilE wrap-around Corset roaches tho heights of
comfort and smartness, for it dispenses with lacing in the back and simply clasps in front with but
a moment's effort. For sports, for general wear,
i'or any summer day when comfort is desired and
straight Hues arc required, ohoose the wrap-around.
In broches, coiitil and figured silk brocades, inset
with elastic—$3.50 to $16.50.
575 OranviUe Street
Phone Seymonr 3540
Handsome mo-Ms—Silk embroidered—In Navy, Brown and Sand
—One of the biggest values offered  this  season.
See onr Display of   Summer Wraps.
Famous STwrr
623 HASTINGS ST.. Near Granville
dependent commissions over which the
ministers have no control. We can
hardly advocate political interference,
and it is more than doubtful where
anything like a return to tho patronage system would help Us to solve our
We need new men and new principles, and a new control before our
government will function in the interests of the people at large.
Ring np Phone Seymonr 2SM
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suit*   801   Dominion   Building
Ottawn—■Alex. Howat, former district president U. M. W. A., was stopped on his way to address Cape Breton miners by the Canadian immigration authorities, because he served a
sentence in the State of Kansas. The
matter' was brought up in the parliament by J. S. Woodsworth, Labor
member for Centre Winnipeg, and this
was the excuse given by the minister
of interior:
Thos. Myerscough, who accompanied Howat, was not detained at the
Patronize Federationist advertisers.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-408 Metropolitan Balldinf
837 Hastings St W. VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Telephone!: Seymour 6868 and 8667
Cigar Store
Don't Take a Chance
When buying Running Sboea—the
line we carry have an extra reinforcement which prevent! the hooks
and eyea from pulling out.
Men's Muleskln        An   g/\
Boots, Elk sole %P*J«OU
Men's genuine Red A *] €\f\
Fox Outing Shoes.... $ 1 ec/U
Men's Black Outing Al    *]i\
Shoes  9 * • • "
Men's New Last &C CA
Oxfords (dark taiO-.-JpOeOU
Men's Khaki Work   A |    1 g
Shirts V 1 • 10
Men's Blue Chambray Qtfirfe
Work Shirts  i7UC
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's fad Boya' Furnishings, Hats, Boots and Shoes
(Between 7th ud 8th Avenues)
Phone, Fulrmont 4859
1160 Oeortla Street
Snndfty eervioes, 11 a_n. tnd 7:80 p.m.
Sunday Bchool Immediately following
morning eei-vice. Wodneldar teetlmonul
meoting, 8 p.m. Free reeding room.
901-903 Birks Bldg.
B. T. Sermon s. A. Pern
232 KIN08WAT      VAHOOUVEB, B. 0.
Phone Felrmone 88
Order Gallon Jar for your parties and dancea,
Phone, Highland 90.
TRAVKLLIXG MEN can save themselves and thoir firms endless time
and travelling expenae by regular use of
our Long DlBtanco facilities.
Within a fow minutes, direct personal
conversation can bo had with any desired
number of customers or natrons who
could not ordinarily be "covered" and
"spoken to" without the loss of many
days' time and the many discomforts, fn*
conveniences and delays Incidental to
country travelling.
In addition to these factors, It will be
found oheapor to telephone than travel.
Patronize Federatloniat advertisers.
Kirk's Coal
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones: Sey. 1441 and 46
Offlce No. 2
1025 Main Street
Phone Sey. 9075
Two Short Worda, Bridging the Calf Between
Here von protected yotlteU end year family ifelnit nets en emergener,
with * BAvraas AOOOUHT—the med telmbl. Aeeet • mu au tare ler
the "HA-HT DAT."
We BTBONOIiT BEOOMMIND 700 to etert eaeh ea Meoint AT OXOI,
ht one of onr Olty Brenehoe-
HAJTDNM ud RBTIIOVB. .....Oeo. I. HemMn. neuter
Oordon ud AtboM Meln u_ ISth Are. Hal* eat Broadnf
whim too wax aatmtta noun asd oodbtiovi tmnioi
Union Bank of Canada
P.B.—-If yoa are living ln a community aot provided wit* Banking facilities, address u by null, and we will ha glad to guide yot Ib reapect to "Banking by lull" AT May 18, 1883
nBNTISTRY that is thorough
—will give perfect satisfaction—the same type of work
which I have been doing in
Vancouver for over 17 years.
'. believe in good teeth. I believe that many readers of the
federationist are neglecting their teeth because they can't
afford to have them made right at UBual dental charges.
I Do Work at a Prioe You Can Afford
Call and get my estimate.   It implies no obligation.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Corner Soymour
Phone, Seymour 3331
Offlce Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
May Day Parade
Was Huge Success
 (Continued from page 1)
Vancouver Unions
noil —Preeldent, B. H. Neelanda,  H.
general eeorelary, Perojr B. BengoMh.
808, 810 Pender St. Weet. Phone Ber.
Meets In Labor Hell at 8 p.m. on
ret end third Tueedaye In month.
ill seeond Monday In tho month. Pre-
, 3. B. White: eeoretarf, B. H. Noel-
P. 0. Boa 88.	
BATED   LABOB  PABTT,   141   0OB-
Streot    Weet—Bnelneee    meeting
Wednesday   evening.     A.   Maclnnis,
sn: E. H. Morrison, soc.-trcas.; Geo.
-rison, 1835 Woodland Drive, Vancon-
. 0., corresponding seoretary.
district in British Colombia desiring
etlon ro securing apeaker, or the for-
i ot local branches, kindly communicate
Provincial  Secretary J. Lyle Telford,
llrks  Bldg.,  Vancouver, B.  0.    Tele-
Seymour 1BS2, or Fairmont 4U38.
md Thursday every month, 319 Pendor
West.      President,    J.   Brlghtwell;
al socrotary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
Union of America—Local 130, Van-
B. 0., meott aeoond and fourth Tuoa-
in each mouth ln Room 818—819 Pen-
tract Woat. President, C. E. Herrett,
iBtinga Street Eaat j aooretary. A. R.
820 Cambie Stroet.    Shop phone, Soy.
Realdenoe phone, Poug. 2171R.
ermakera, Iron Shipbnilderi aud Help-
America.   Local   10**—Meotings   first
hird Mondaya in each month.    Preai-
WUlia; Booretary, A. Fmor.   Office;
3—819 Pender Street Weat.    Offloe
9 to 11 aju. and 8 to 5 p.m.	
Mayors or masons for boiler worka,
,r  marblo aeUera,  phone  Brieklayera'
Labor Templo. _	
tS and Joiners, Local 462—Preaident.
Dunn; recording aeeretary. Geo. Bnell;
sa agent, Goo. H. Hardy, ^ffioe:
804—319 Ponder Street Weat     M«eta
and fourth Mondays, 8 p.m., Room 5,
ender Street Wost,
ilrd Fridaya in each month, at 148 Coy.
JU-oot West. Preaident, David Cuthlll,
Albort Street; aecretary-treaaurer, Geo.
, 1385 Woodland Drive
im and Operating, Local 844—Moots
Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 307 Labor
j. Secretary-treasurer, N. Green, 953
y Street. Phono Soy. 7048R. Record-
ecretary, J. R. Campbell, 803 First
t, North Vancouvor.
sident, Neil MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
ary. 0. A. Watson, No. 8 Firehall.
~AND    RESTAURANT    Employees
in,   Local   28—441   Seymour   Street.
flrst and  third Wednesdaya at 2:30
Second   and   foarth   Wednesdaya   at
Ip.m.     Executivo   board   meeta   every
Ty nt 3 p.m.   President, W. A. Colmar-
Iss agent, A. Graham.    Phone Soymour
ICANADA—An industrial union of all
ra in logging and construction camps.
[Diatrict and General Headquarters, 61
art. Streot Weat, Vancouver, B. 0.
I Seymour 7856. J. M. Clarke, general
Bry-treaaurer; legal advisers, Messrs.
■Macdonald b lio., Vanoouver, B. 0.;
Irs, Messrs. Buttar & Chiene, Vancou-
\ 0.
■INISTS LOCAL 182-"-President, Lee
secretary, J. G. Keefe; buslneas
r'P. R. Bengough. Office: 309, 319
jt Street West. Moots in Room 818—
fender Street West, on first and third
foays In month.
llNISTS   LOCAL   6.92—President,   Ed.
■son; secretary, R. Hirst; business
f P. R. Bongough. Offlce: 809—819
k  Streot West.    Meots  in Room   3—
Jfender Street West, on second and 4th
Kys in month
■ON. Local 145, A, V. of M.—Meets at
FHall, Homor Streot, second Sunday,
Lim. President, Ernest 0. Miller, 991
i Street; soorotary, Edward Jamieson,
Ilson Streot; financial secretary, W. E.
lis,   991  Nelson  Street;   organiser,   F.
Br. 991 Nolson Street.	
T and Paperhangors of Amorica, Local
■J-incouver—Meots 2nd and 4th Thurs-
■t 148 Cordova Street West. Phone,
■10. Business agent, R. A. Baker.
I Builders. Local No. 2404—Meets In
■Hall, 319 Pendtr Street West evory
Id 4th Friday, at 8 p.ra. Jas. Thomp-
■nncial seoretary
|)va St. WeBt, P. 0. Box 571.   Phono
)3.    Mootings overy Monday at 7:30
Pearson, business agent.
■■Meoting nights, firBt Tuesday and 8rd
1 of each month at headquarters, B18
-_ Street West. President, D. Gilles-
ico-presldent, John Johnson; secretary-
ror, Wm. DonaldBon, addr-iSB 818 Cor*
Weet West, Branch agent's address:
ranclB, 1424 Government Street, Vic*
B. 0,
Bees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
B Hail, Eighth and Kingsway, 1st and
Bondays ot 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m. Pro-
B F, A. Hoover, 2409 Clarke Drive;
fling seoretary, A. V. Lqfttng; treasurer,
■ Andrew; financial secretary and busi-
■gent, W. H. Cottrell, 166—17th Ave.
T Offlce, corner Prior and Main Streets,
f Fairmont 4504Y.
Brica, Local No. 178—Meetings held
Monday In eaoh month, 8 p.m. Presi-
■A. R. Gatenby; vice-president, Mra.
■recording secrotary, C. MoDonald, P.
*i 503; financial secretary, P. McNelah.
lox 503. 	
Russia—Vancouver branch meets first
Ird Sundaya oaoh month, 2 p.m., at 61
i Streot WoBt. For information write
ohaocretary, S. T. A. S. R., 61 Cor-
;reet West, Vancouver, B. C.
lit, Wm. Skinner; vice-president, A,
__)■ so-jretary-treasurer, R. H. NoelandB,
■Box 66. Meets last Sunday of each
Iat 2 P-m
iK—Meots at 091 NeUon Street", at II
it the Tuesday preceding the Ut SnB-
J Ole month. President. E. A. Jamie-
lOl Nelson St.; Seeretary, 0. H. WU-
J 991 Ne'ion Bt i Bnsiness Agent, F.
ler. 991 Nelson. St. -■■..••
f—PrHldrat, J. J. BeBt; vice-preiident,
Be sure to notify the post offlce aa
soon as you change your address.
1-3 Hastings St. E.—Sey. 3862
830 Granville Street—Sey. 866
1191 GranvUle St. — Sey. 6149
3200 Mtllll Street Fair. 1683
Phone your orders.   We deliver
the smallest of orders.
Immigration and the Lumberjack
'HAT   TRIBE   of   profit-mongerlngtdemand and supply of labor, makes
x weasels who own and control the
industries of" Canada, are walling
through columns of-their newspapers
for more Immigrants,* ostensibly in
order that the ''vast spaces of Canada"
may be populated, but in reality sb
that they can secure a larger army of
unemployed, so lhat wages may be reduced below the subsistence level.
Writers in the capitalist press are
waxing eloquent over the strong, robust, healthy packages of human la-
bor-jjower who lately have been arriving In Canada from the Hebrides of
Scotland. One writer attempts to elaborate on the opportunities British
Columbia offers to these men. Naturally, as might be expected, ln a country that produces little else but lumber, the writer attempts to point out
the number of these men' that can be
absorbed by the B. C. lumber Industry,
When wo look at the following
statement which R. D. Cahn. statistician of the Illinois department of Labor, Is reported to have made, we can
easily see why the lumber barons of
this Province are becoming anxious
to secure their share of this supply of
human energy: "Employers who want
to break down immigration bars to
relieve the 'labor shortage' are em<
ployers who want to get their labor
for 30 cents per hour." It is but seldom that a bourgeois statistician tells
the truth on matters of this kind, but
evidently there is one who will do so
once in a while.
The statement that the reason why
the employers desire greater imml
gration is because they will be able to
secure labor for 30 cents per hour, ls
equally as true here in British Colum
bla as it Is in the United States. The
only motive that ever actuates a bourgeois is the desire for increased pro
A writer in the May issue of the
Wall Street Magazine, writing on the
Slater's Famous Pork Sholders,
unequalled for your l^i^
week-end roasts, lb.— JLtT2 C
Choice Oven Roasts,
from, per lb	
Choice Pot Roasts from,
per lb..
Boiling   Beef   from.
per   lb
Boneless Stew  Beef,
per lb.
 X ioc
Beet Shanks, all the meat ■"
on; per lb ...»  Mv
Real Local Lamb
Choice Meaty cuts of Local
Lamb; per lb 25c and 28c
Local Lamb Loins, lb 80c
Local Lamb Legs, per tb. 35c
Local Lamb Stew, 2 lbs, 25c
Primo MUk Fed Veal
Prime Legs of Veal, per lb. 28c
Prime Loins of Veal, per lb. 28c
Prime Shoulders of Veal, from,
per lb . 20c
Prlme Veal Stew....2 lbs. for 25c
Extra quality Alberta Creamery Butter, on sale Saturday
morning from 7 a.m. to 11.
a. m,; 3 lbs.
Slater's Famed Sugar-cured
Smoked Picnic | Cl —
Hams; per lb    lOfC
Slater's Famed Rolled Bacon,
from 4 to 6 lbs. ***"| (\f_
4 lbs. for «P1«UU
Slater's Peameal Bacon; 3 lbs. for	
Slater's Streaky Bacon ln slabs
of about 6 lbs. ^C«
Per Ib OOl*
The very finest of Alberta
Creamery But- A "I OJJ
ter; 3 lbs. for V 1 .OO
Grocery Specials
Pure    Strawberry   Jam,    4-lb.
tins at  10b
Seedless Raisins, special, pkt 10c
New Pink Salmon, 3 tins for SB-
Standard Corn, 2 tins for 25c
Standard Tomatoes, 2 tins ....2Sc
Tomato Soup, 2 tins for 25c
Slater's CR/»
Tea    OOC
Don't forget Slater sells Dry,
Meally Spuds; QC*.
100 lbs.....    OOv
Free Delivery
Finest Pure Lard;
3 lbs for	
At Slater's Stores
the statement that no man except he
be cracked morally and intellectually,
desires to see the country overrun
with the "scum of Europe," but it is
absolutely necessary that some equilibrium between the demand and supply
of labor be found in order that the industries of the country may continue
to run with unabated vigor.
That is how the immigrant is looked upon by those who are beckoning
to him, They despise the immigrant,
and describe him as the scum of the
country, but ho is napessary to industry, and nothing else matters. That
writer put lt in plain language; it was
not a question of meu or women, but
a question of maintaining profits. Of
course, he was writing exclusively lo
bourgeois readers, and therefore it
was not necessary to disguise his real
meaning with words.
With us in the Labor movement,
the question "is different, much different. We are not so much concerned
with industry-absorbing the immigrant as we are with the Labor movement absorbing him. It is our particular task to see that when the immigrant arrives in this country, he is
taken in hand, made acquainted with
the conditions that confront him, and
made an Integral part of .the Labor
movement of this country.
One wonders whether the stalwart
Scot from the Hebrides would come
to this country so rapidly if he knew
that ln this free Canada a man waB
liable to be blacklisted for carrying
a union card? It is probable that if
he was made acquainted with that
fact, and a few other facts of a like
nature, he might think twice before
he allowed himself to be brought to
this country to become a cog In the
wheel of Canadian or American industry. In the country he is leaving, they
succeeded in smashing blacklists many
years ago.
Farm Women Are Thinking Too
R.   J.   Stewart: -   secretary-treaaurer,    L,   0.
Gilbert.   P. 0. Box 476, Nanalmo, B. 0.
UNION, No. 418—Pruldent, 8. D. Macdonald, ' aeeretary-treftiorer, J. -M. Campbell,
P. 0. Box 689. MeeU lait Thunday of each
[Lucy L. Woodsworth] *
CHE IS a farmer's wife in Ontario,
^ with whom I was talking recently.
"I do not know how we are going to
live this spiing. It Is going to be awfully hard on Henry, but he is determined to keep the boys at school. I
shall have to help with the milking, a
thing which was never included in
my work, although I have lived on a
farm all my life, except for a year or
two when I was teaching or doing a
bit of travelling.
"Then," she continued, "Henry Ib
worried about John's course in the
collegiate. " He is following the advice
of his principal, but the course he has
chosen will not give him a teachers'
certificate." "But," I said: "What
does John want with a teacher's certificate? You have always said that John
is a born farmer. Does he not expect
to go on with the farming here?" and
Wonderful Progress Made
in Spite of the
[By Anise],.
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Kharkov, Ukraine, Russia—I never
had dreamed of such a place. I expected to be bored, for hospitals do
not Interest me; but when Mrs. Kako-
vskl, wife of the president of Soviet
Ukraine, invited me to visit tho largest
hospital ln Kharkov, It seemed only
polite to go along. I was amazed at
what I found there—much of lt the
work of the past summer—the summer one year removed from famine.
Forty-six large houses, set In a beautiful park; that was the hospital. They
took care of 2000 people, and the
treatment was entirely free. Anyone
In Kharkov who was sick might come
there, Before the ■ revolution, there
had also been a hospital here, but the
buildings were mostly of wood; thfs
past summer has seen most of them
converted into solid brick, and fitted
with the latest devices for cleanliness.
Never have I seen such a palace of
marble purity as the disinfection
house, where the Infectious cases werty
brought straight from'the city streets.
Drooping on one corner of tlie gleaming marble seat is a Hick peasant, in
such rags that they can never be
taken frm him and put back again.
Just rotting from his body with filth.
Ho passes through the door where, in
a tiny olllce, waits the doctor. From
the doctor he goes Into a warm disrobing room, where his hair Is shaved
and dropped at once into n lire. His
clothes go through a "hole In the wall
into a baking room, for disinfection,
No hand touching them again until
they are harmless.
Ho, himself, proceeds to a bathroom
where he receives first a tub bath, and
then lies on a tile table with sloping
pillow of tile to be thoroughly sprayed and washed off under inspection.
Such a comfortable looking table, surrounded by a depression which takes
off the water. And, beyond, after
passing through a small room where
linen clothing is given out through a
window, the patient comes to a rest-
room, and lies on a smooth leather
couch under blankets, until the time
comes for him to go to the ward.
Then covered wagon runs Into a warm
ante-chamber on a smooth track, and
there, with outside doors shut, and air
warmed, the stretcher is slipped Into
the wagon, and Bent to the proper
Everywhere in the building, floors of
tile and marble and terra cotta, in
beautiful patterns, and proof against
germs. I have never, in my land, seen
anything so perfect. And this beautiful disinfection hall was built last
summer, ln Soviet Ukraine, a country
still suffering from famine.
my eye swept across the expanse of
rich brown fields awaiting the spring's
work. "We had hoped so," she replied, "and it is his dearest wish, but
what is the use? For twenty years
now Henry and I have put our whole
life Into this place. We have worked
early and late. It ls the old family
home, and we love it. Years ago, you
know, we could get along splendidly,
but for some timo now we are going
behind each year. It juat seems to me
that the farmers are at the mercy of
some power and the power ia not God,
either. It do not know what it is. I
used to think It was the hired man,
but now I know that we cannot expect the hired man to appeaT just
when we need him for half the year or
moro arid then disappear. I know now
that if we could get a decent price for
our produce, this old farm would let
us live in exceeding comfort, save sufficient for our old age and leave plenty
for the "hired man" to do as every
man should be free to do, get married,
have a comfortable home and assurance that he can provide for his child
ren too.
"I know that the farmers' wives and
the farmers themselves are filled up
with the idea that the farmors cannot
produce enough for that ,but gradually it is getting through my head that
the fault is with neither the farmer
nor the hired man. They are ragging
away at each other, while ail the time
they are just in the same boat of
which some stranger-hand ia upon the
I,see where the premier of Manitoba
is quoted as saying that 75 per cent,
of their farmers are disconsolate, (lib-
satisfied and practically ready to quit.
I saw where an Alberta farmer, speaking in the House at Ottawa a few
weeks ago, said that we might Just as
well have saved all the taxes we have
paid to further immigration in the
past thirty years, because our Immigrants cannot stay in this country any
more than our boys can stay on the
It was a disheartening picture of
conditions, but for mc one slender
ray of light shone through the gloom.
It showod that the farm women are
beginning to sock the cause of the
change that has become apparent in
farming conditions throughout Canada
in this generation. They are beginning
to realize that the independence of tho
farmer Is a thing of the past, and to
ask why? In timo they must surely
come to see that the farmer Is Just os
helpless under our present w»y of running tho country as his industrial brother of the city. What Canada needs
flrst of all is clear recognition by all
the workers whether In town or country, that they are alike being used to
create 'wealth for the moneyed interests and they must stand together in
the effort to bring In a day of social
In a recent Issue of the Investment
Times, published by tho Royal Securities Corporation, there are some very
interesting figures dealing with forming In Western Canada ns an investment.
First of all, the review deals with
the prices of .farm products In January, 1923, and in the same month of
1914. Thua we find that the price of
grain has only increased 30.B per
cent.; of animals and meats, only 18
per cent., and of dairy products, 62.4
per cent.
On the other hand, tbo farmer hns
been compelled to pny far higher
prices for the commodities which he
has bought, Thia Increase Is given In
percentages: Groceries, 70.1; cottons,
139.1; implements) 123.fi; lumber,
150.9j paint, oils and glass, 128.7;
house furnishings, 116,7.
In other words, tho farmer now receives 10.5 per cent, more for hla products, but has to pay 112.3 per cent,
more for the commodities which he
buys. His standard of living has gono
down with a run. During tho last 8
years hla oconomic position has become rapidly worse.-
The review further Informs ua that
trict dry, and have never succeeded.
The powers opposed to the parade and
demonstration, laid plans to spoil tbe
event by a deluge of booze. To meet
this menace, the officials of the U. M.
W. of A. ordered all booze Joints closed
at midnight previous to May Day.
They took the enforcement of the order out of the hands of the government pimps, who allegedly represent
"law and order." A strong detachment of sturdy minera. from Phalen
local we/e put on guard at every placo
where booze was sold, and when these
miners make a ruling they enforce it.
Consequently, Glace and the surrounding towns wero bono dry. No nonsense
here, no petitioning the "authorities"
to enforco their own law. They took
tho law into their own hands, end enforced their decrees.
lU'-sro Officials Giinsh Tlieir Teeth
But to get back to the demonstration. After parading the town with
their banners and revolutionary music
—while skulking behind their windows
the Besco officials and sky pilots
gnashed thoir teeth and frothed at
the mouth—the procession, which was
headed by Dan Livingstone, president
of the district; Jim McLachlari, secretary; Alex. Stewart, international
board member (elected by the miners,
but repudiated by the Lewis machine),
and Tom Bell of the Workers Party,
all repaired to Alexandra rink, where
from 6000 to 7000 workers were jammed without seats and listened to the
stirring message of Communism and
working class emancipation.
Though the outside speakers were
prevented from being present, there
were able exponents of working class
knowledge there. These workers have
a powerful battery of local speakers,
that can step Into any breach at any
time. Rousing addresses were delivered to an enthusiastic throng by Tom
Bell, Dan Livingstone, Jim MoLachlan,
Forman Way, M. P. P„ Joseph Steele,
of the Sydney Steel Workers, Fred
Furlet of Whitney Pier Steel Workers,
and Mrs. Kurkevich, of the Ukrainian
branch W. P. of C.
Resolutions Adopted
Here, again, waa the greateat enthusiasm manifested. And when, after
the singing of the Red Flag, Tom Bell
came up to the front of the platform
and called for throe cheers for the
Red Flag, Soviet Russia and the solid
arlty of Labor, the structure almost
rocked. During the meeting, resolutions were adopted. They are, In brief,
as. follows:
1, Expressing unalterable hostility
to capitalism, an.d to John L. Lewis
and Sam Gompers, on the ground that
these men have become reactionaries
and agents of bosslsm.
2, Denouncing the invasion of the
Ruhr by France on the ground that
lt ls a scheme to unite the coal of the
Ruhr with the iron of Alsace Lorraine,
through exploitation of the German
8. Conveying fraternal greetings to
the Red International of Labor Unions
the shop crafts of Germany and the
Ruhr, and to all the struggling workers of the world.
4, Calling for the liberation of
Alex. Howat and his immediate admission to Canada. If this is not done,
tho workers promise to take drastic
action against the B. E. S. Co.
5. A strong, clear call for a uuion
front of Labor against the world of-
rensive of capitalism.
Reptile Pi-ess Lies
The workers here are jubilant over
the success of their first May Day celebration. They enjoyod the screaming
of the reptile press. How these rags
attempted to belittle the May flrst
demonstration! They tell their dupes
that very few turned out and try to
create the impression that a large proportion of the marchers were Russians. True, the foreigners from Sydney turned out in force, but by far
the greater number in line were Canadians of Highland Scotch descent.
Never was the venality of the prostitute press displayed more plainly. So
discredited are those venomous scribblers, that the miners are pleased
when they oppose them for they are
assured of success. The bitterness of
the clergy has acted as a boomerang,
and already they are crawflshfng. And
why? Because men who have been
church-going Catholics all their Uvea
became incensed at the attacks of the
clergy, and scores have demanded
that the check-off. sometimes amounting to aa much as $4 per week, which
has been handed over to the church,
be discontinued. This explains tho
doleful squawk from the churches.
For yekra they collected, via the
check-off, money from the scanty
wages of the minera, who, whon they
aaw tho bitter opposition . of the
churches, refused to contribute money
for the upkeep o(*sueh adjuncts of B.
E. S. Co.
As a result of the detention of Howat, and tho attacks of the priests,
parsons und press against them, the
minors are united today even more
than previously. Tho district seethes
with anger and resentment against
those who attempted to thwart them.
Good Results of Demonstration
Tlie Mny Dny celebration In Glace
Bay served more than one good purpose. Besides the closer union of the
miners, already revolutionary, it
brought over to the red ranks many
who were wavering. It also revealed
to all workers Just who were their
friends, lt ripped the mask from the
hideous features of the spineless degenerates, who ure over at the book
and cull of Besco when dirty work is
to be done. The hoart of every struggling worker in the district bents foster today ns a result of their first May
Dny olTort. There Is a confidence here
rarely met with elsewhere—a feeling
of power and a willingness to exorcise
Mny Day, 11123, will long be remem-
hered In the Maritime Provinces. It
Is a proud proletariat that is here.
They are looking towards the wost,
waiting for  thc  respectable  slobs  to
the farmer Is receiving $1.10 for a
bushel of wheat, whereas the enhanced prices of boots, hides and raw materials mnke it necessary for him to,
receive $1,67 por bushel If he Is going to maintain hiB economic position
of eight years ago,
It Is also of Interest to note, ln this
connection, that the prices of farm
machines aro on the up-grnde, because the companies concerned in
their manufacture stute that they are
Unable to compete ut existing prices.
All Of which means that the economic
pbsltlon of the farmer is due for an
other Jolt. H. M. B.
Come and Look at this
for $59
It's made expressly for and .sold exclusively
by the H.B.C. It's a range value that has no
equal in Canada. It's a range of excellent
appearance, good weight and fine finish, fitted
with six oooking holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white,
enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19xl6xl_%-inch oven. The range is fully
trimmed, has high warming closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It's a splendid baker
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $25.00 more
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying and close selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
Hudson's Bay Company
wake up and do something rather than
making "acceptable" speeches, and
try to qualify as "safe and sane" constitutional, Labor skates.
Were the same attitude as these miners maintain, to be adopted by all
other portions of Canada, the end of
capitalism, with all Its abominations,
would be in sight. They put their May
Day celebration across in handsome
and Inspiring fashion, and to them all
militant workers doff their hats, and
join with them in echoing their May
Day slogans:
Down with capitalism!
Long live Communism!
Cut in Wages Gives ..Employers More Surplus
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Sydney, N. S. W.—Official figures of
the federal statistician indicate that
bigger profits than over are now boing
divided up among Australian employers," as a result of the cut In wages
and the increasing of the working
hours, In 1919 the proflt returned to
em ployers averaged $ 5 7 0 per em -
ployee.    In 1922 lt averaged $675.
Whatever Increase there was in
wnges, materials used, fuel und light
was added to the cost of production,
passed on and ultimately taken from
the pocketa of the consumers in higher
prices for manufactured articles.
Tho official figures show that high
wages and tho 44-hour working week
did not in any way interfere with the
profits of the employers. Betwoen 1919
and 1922, wages for male workers
went up 43 per cent., while the wages
for female operatives Increased 56 per
cent. Yet the aggregate profit of the
manufacturing employers in 1922 was
38 per cent, greater than It w&S tn
On top of this, the official statistician notes that there has been a big
Improvement ln productive efficiency.
The real productivity per head of
population which in 1919 was 69 per
eent. of that of 1913, amounted to 109
per cent, in 1922,
Since the date covered in the compilation of the abovo figures, wages
have gone down generally about $2
per week, while hours have been increased from 44 to 48 -per week, without tho payment of extra wages for
the extra four hours worked.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Detroit—A merica Is going to the
dogs. The favorite daughter of a prominent Detroit millionaire has married her father's gardener, and tho
wife of a Canadian Pacific Railroad
official has been fined $50 for simple
larceny ln a department store.
"To us our daughter Is dead," the
millionaire's wife proclaims to the
"This ls a thunderbolt out "of a clear
sky!" the railroad official exclaimed
as he paid his wife's fine.
There is some consolation In those
utterances. But what are we coming
to when our best people will act liko
Evory render of Thc Federatlonist
ran render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions ns soon as
they are due, nnd by inducing another
worker lo subscribe. It does not tako
much effort to do this.   Try It.
Always look up The Fed. advertisers
before making purchases.
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 years
been British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has been spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
FBIDAY May 18,,
rt XT
at'w.- t**y\j_fr
ft r~rr-* __________
_P '^JBIr   /
a*VA lM______ft'ei
Dick's Great
Outlet Sale
1500  Super  Quality   Suits offering at prices practically
unheard of in the history of Vancouver,   We were fortu- f
nate in being able to secure these for cash nt a greatly
reduced price—and in order to clear them promptly, we
are offering; you the benefit.
In light, dark or medium shades.   These are Just the ideal
suits for the youth in his first longs.   Regular $20 values,
including more conservative styles for the
older man, especially priced at only,,.
A special showinf of, new single and double-breasted suits,
handsomely tailored from an all-wool English blue serge.
This is one of the groatest buys of tho _OA. &n_
year, at only «P_&*t.OO
Hundreds of other specials, too numerous to mention.
45-49 Hastings St., East  ,
The Delirium of a Dying System
*******       *******      ******    . ******
Divine Healing versus Scientific Facts
High-Handed Action
(Continued from pago 1)
Our politicians seem desirous of emulating the United States, rather than
following the Britlah lead. Only recently, James Larkin was refused admittance into Canada. A few weeks
later, after the matter had been discussed on the floor of the Britiah
House, he was admitted to'England.
A little earlier, Jean Longuet, who is
well-known aa a very moderate French
Socialist, was held up when he attempted to enter Canada, and under
pressure from organized Labor, was
finally admitted on the condition that
after he had filled hla two lecture engagements in Montreal and Toronto,
he should leave the country.
The workers, regardless of Industrial affiliation, will reprobate thia
arbitrary action of the Dominion authorities. A mass meeting of the miners at New- Glasgow point out that
"Whereas, said Alexander Howatt was
refused admission at the border line
into Canada as being a dangerous
alien character, and one Van Bltner,
representing John L. Lewis admitted,
who is also an alien, be It resolved,
that in the opinion of thla meeting,
that we consider this act of the Immigration department la not in accordance with the dempcratic principles of
free, liberty-loving citizens of Canada,
but rather in keeping with despotic
Russia under the Czar regime."
Undoubtedly this is a good example
of discretionary class legislation, or
perhaps rather class administration.
American bankers can freely visit
Canada, although many workers
would regard their presence aa much
more menacing to the people of Canada than the visit of a Labor man-
Imperialists can tour the country addressing Canadian clubs without the
authorities subjecting them  to inqui
sition. In spite of all this, we are told
there is no class government in Canada. If any one has any doubt on
this point, let him ait for a few days
in the House of 'Commons, and from
the inalde observe just how the wheels
go around.
Workers Leaving Canada
to Seek Better Conditions
(Continued from Page 1)
Every Hon., Wtd. tad Bat. Evenlngi
104 HOBKBT SI. Opp. Court Boim
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Rntes Reasonable
"A Oood Place to Eat"
slated that when smallpox broke out
tn a school, that school- should be
closed in order to prevent the spread
of the disease, and also stated that he
himself was quarantined because his
child had contracted the disease as a
result of lt being compiled to attend
Bchool where the disease had appeared.
Locnls Report Progress
The report of local unions all indicated that progress was being made.
Painters reported increaseB ln membership, while Plumbers reported the
settlement of a new wage agreement.
The Pile Drivers reported atrike settled with the exception of Grant,
Smith & Macdonald's. The Barbers have signed up a new agreement with no difficulties, while
the Structural Iron Workers reported
that they would have an organfzer on
the Job at an early date, and that the
first job to be tackled would be the
Woodward Job. Carpenters, Machinists and Sheet Metal Workers all reported progress being made, the first
ha\lng Initiated eleven new members
on Monday; the Machinists reporting
an exodus of membera to the States,
and the Sheet Metal Workers that
things were looking up, but that the
organization was not securing the
proper support from the other build
ing trades, but that an increuae of
wages waa anticipated.
Delegate Pettipiece moved us a notice of motion, that the council take
into consideration the question of having a speaker to address the council
at each meeting for ten. minutes, there
to be no discussion or questions.
Thc Carpenters presented a notice
of motion for amendments to the constitution to remove the clauses covering the qualifications of delegates to
the council.
A communication from the Theatrical Stage Employeea, protesting
ngainst Sunday concerts as the thin
end of the wedge, for a ."even-day
week, was received and filed for reference. «
A communication from Trades Congress, re the amalgamation resolution
adopted some time ago, was also received, with a copy of the editorial,
comment contained in the Congress
Journal of April with respect to this
matter.    It wus received and filed.
On a recommendation from the
oxecutive, the salary of the secretary
was raised from $15 to $25 per month,
after Delegate Pettipiece had made
the suggestion that it should be raised
to $30.
[By W. J. Curry]
TJIRTH, GROWTH, decline and death
" ia the law of the universe. It ap
plies to life in all its various forms,
revolving worlds and solar systems,
and also to Induatrlal and economic
forms of society, which are under this
law. Man, \in hia declining days,
through senile decay, may go back to
second childhood, to dreams woven out
of decay and approaching death and
modern society seems now to have en
tered that stage.
There was a time when capitalism
was revolutionary; young, robuat and
even scientific. In France, for a period, tho "Goddess of Reason" was
erected, and men like Voltaire and
Rosseau, guided the leading minda of
the rising middle classes. Everywhere
there was revolt against the yoke of
the Feudal church, which had fetteWd
commerce and made war on science
and Invention in the name of God,
In those days, liberty and science
were demanded by the rising powers
of industry and trade, and so the
sceptre^ of power passed from decadent spiritual hands, and was grasped
by the rising bourgeoisie.
In our mother country, the same
process took place. Within a generation, we had numerous lights of science and philosophy, auch as Darwin,
Huxley, Tyndall and Spencer, but
since their days, no stars of equal
magnitude have appeared, while the
spiritualistic grovellings of men like
Wallace, Oliver Lodge and Conan
Dffyle and; their million followers,
indicate a wave of swift reaction prominent ln other channels also.
Political chaos and storm clouds
are now in evidence, and the breaking
up of the present system, makes a
struggle between reaction and progress inevitable. The great question is,
'What will come out of the conflict?"
The great war, through the clash of
Imperial interests, marked the great
summit of the industrial development,
and after this fevered Impulse io meet
the hUngei* of the war gods for munitions and blood, a breakdown, economic, political, intellectual and moral
bogan.   Even enthusiasm for another
Organized Labor Throughout Europe Makes
General Stand
Position of German Workers
Becomes Daily Mor^
Amsterdam, Holland — Organized
Labor from one end of Europe to the
other is protesting against the French
occupation of the Ruhr valley and the
hardships inflicted on the German
workers. The International Federation of Trade 'Unions lists the following protests:
The annual congress of the Belgian
Labor Party, confirming the decisions
of the various political and trade
union organizations, unanimously condemned'the military occupation of the
Ruhr as a means of obtaining reparations from Germany.
The general council of the International Transport Workers Federation,
protested strongly against the occuffu-
The committee of ten appointed to
organize the international congress at
Hamburg, condemns the brutal methods whtch have led to tragedies such
as have occurred at Essen, and recommends that negotiations be set on
foot with a view to evacuation,
The recent congress of the British
Independent Labor Party adoyted a
resolution condemning the invasion as
an act of capitalist aggression against
defenceless people.
The congress of the Hungarian
Trade Union Council condemned' the
The Netherlands Union of Social Democratic Women's Clubs recently held
a number of important meetings for
women, -on the occasion of the Women's Day in Holland. At those meetings .a resolution of protest was pas-
The Dutch General Federation of
Trude Unions and the Dutch Social
Democratic Party are co-operating to
get Ruhr workers' children sent to
The Swedish Rallwaymen's Federation has given financial support to the
railway men ln the Ruhr.
A protest has been received by the
French government from the workers
of Italy.
"The Italian General Confederation
of Labor Joins the working class of the
whole world In protesting against the
militarist attacks upon the German
■workers who for the second time are
the vlctlmB of rival Imperiallat ten-
denclea," says the letter,
"The economic and political situation of the working class In Germany
is. becoming daily more terrible and
hopeless aB a result of the occupation
of the Ruhr. We appeal to the French
government to put an end to the employment of French troops for the enforcement of a policy which is opposed to International law and civilization," reads the protest of the German
Trade Union Federation of Czechoslovakia,
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' '"war to end war," has waned among
those who paid the cost of the last
one, for even men tricked to the
trenches "to fight for democracy," and
even their friends and relatives may
learn by the great teacher experience,
and thflTTS a decided gain. Society
seems indeed sick, and one of the present modes by which our guardiarfs
divert attention from these miseries,
is to paint in lurid hues and exhibit
daily, the horrible pictures of what
the godless Bolsheviki is suffering for
the sins of throwing oft their temporal
and spiritual masters. This is, of
course, meant as a warning for other
workera to beware of taking the same
A Divine Healer Here at Work
Our pross has been daily serving out
graphic reports of how this great visiting evangelist, Dr. Price, ls manifesting Divine power in healing the bodies and souls of our citizens.
There was a time when the curing
of physical ills, and of spiritual ailments were treated (by the same medicine man, but a division of labor took
place some generations ago. However, Dr. Price and others in the same
business, seem once more to be merging their methods In the "Spiritual
healing, both of body and soul, curing
the former from their pains here on
earth, and saving the souls from "the
everlasting pangs' of hell," which a
merciful Father ls reserving for them,
unless they fortunately meet a Saviour
similar to Dr. Price to lead them upward.
For many days, our local press has
been seriously reciting these healing
miracles, and spreading the nows far
and wide, and so today cripples and
sufferers from thousands of miles
away have been travelling west for
relief, and thc hotels and rooming-
houses of Vancouver are doing a land
office business on this account.
We are told how this apostllic successor has been "annointjng wilh oil,
and laying on hands," that the sufferers might receive the Divine gift
of health. It would have been interesting had the reporters determined
tho grade of oil used. But when we
realize the marvellous powers of petroleum products, and understand
something of the forces of the hypnotic hand, the effects of the collection
plates, daily passed under the noses of
tens of thousands of expectant individuals,--the fact that the pulpit and
press of this city need financial lubricating, and that there is free admittance to this great show In the name
of Christianity, we know thut success
for a time at least, is assured,
Questlnus That Should Be Answered
From the viewpoint of an enquiring sinner, it seems strange that the
Infinite Creator of health and harmony con aee milllona of his children
aUfferlng in body and mind and only
once in a while does He manifest Hia
mercy through spirit mediums,
evangelistic healers. He, from Hia
throne above the clouda, for generations, beheld thousands of His faith
ful priests and.servants make war In
the name of God-torture, and destroy
millions of other Christians as witches
and heretics .without a protest. More
recently He saw great Christian em
plres engaged In slaying millions of
their brothers. He saw nations cursed
with famine and plague, as a result of
this war, without moving His Infinite
finger, without speaking from Heaven, His.old command, "Thou shalt
not kill.''
Science vs. Superstition
The laws of nature discovered by
science are based on the sequence of
cause and effect. They operate In the
whlrling^suns and planets In birth,
and death, and In health and disease.
The basis of modern science, and our
social life are "the indestructibility
and uncreatabllity of matter and
force," en change and evolution, not
on the caprice of Gods or Devils or
medicine-men, to create or destroy
substance or energy. Yet today local
scientists, physicians, professors and
editors, our Intellectual guides, for
over a week, endorsed by their silence
the published statements, that not
only were functional disturbances being corrected, but that actually structural creatlona and eliminations were
being produced in the human anatomy
by spiritual power, though the Rev.
Dr. Price.
The press told us how, in a few
hours, new bone, muscle and nervous tissue was generated, In the lengthening of legs. Hip joints were made
In good working order for a young
woman, who had been born without
these mechanisms; goiters, cancers,
and tumors were seen rapidly vanishing, tubercular spines were made
whole, and healthy by this Doctor of
Divinity or holy humbug. But reaction from this spiritual rivalry, and a
certain amount of envy, hatred and
malice is now In evidence. Only yesterday the works of Dr. Price have
been repudiated by local Bible Stu
dents ahd Christian Scientists, and
our friend, the Rev. A. E. Cooks has
ust Issued a statement condemning
the healing methods of Dr. Price. The
Bible Students declare him to be not
nn agent of Christ, but of the devil,
yet we find that Jesus himself was
accused of the same methods by His
rivals. Jesus' reply was that He could
not cast out devils in the name of the
chief devil. Beelzebub, "for a kingdom
divided ngainst itaelf can not stand,"
and from recent editorials of our
local presa, and of our pulpits, lt looks
as If the aftermath from this demonstration of fnnatlclBm, imposture'tind
gullibility, will help to clear away
Rome of the theological scales from
the eyes of many of our deluded and
suffering citizens.
Next week-Dr. Cjirry will explnln
what he saw at the Arena rink..
Unusual MAY Values
Men's Brown Calf Oxfords of Unusual Merit.—Made
from the very best brown willow calf on a good looking
last, with heavy single sole, all leather heel, counter anc
insole.   A wonderful buy, ^C 'QC
at, per pair <Sp«_).03
Another style that will appeal to young men. New
French toe with wide flange heel. Pour rows of stitching
all around; at, per-pair. $7.50
Ladies' Oxfords at Half Price.—Begular $7.00 values in
Ladies' smart Oxfords. They eome in black kid and
brown and black calf, anjl have Cuban and Aq (JA
Louis heels.  On sale at, per pair. ep<Da*J\l*
Opponents Fail to Answer
Upton Sinclair's
New York.—Neither the new board
of directors of the Associated Press
nor the annual meeting held last
month have taken any steps to carry
out their two-yoar-old published promise to refute the charges of news
distortion explicitly made against the
Associated Press in The Brass Chock
by Upton Sinclair,
This Is the third annual meeting
since the book was published. In 1921
Frederick Roy Martin, general manager tho Associated Press, made a
'public statement in the New York
Evening Post and in the Editor and
Publisher saying that the charges of
poisoning tho news would be thoroughly and The Brass Check would
be .exposed and refuted by a committee of the Associated Press, The exposure was not made then and has
not been made since, though Sinclair
has begged the •* organization to
make it,
"It Is manifest to anyone reading
the charges that they cannot be answered," Sinclair asserts in his latest
letter to Martin asking for an investigation, "because a great many of them
are taken from sworn official admissions of the Associated Presa itself.
"I have written Boveral letters ■ to
the Associated Press delegates, and to
the managing editors of all Associated
Press newspapors, calling their attention to this fact, and to_the failure
of the Associated Press to meet the
Issue. So far I have not been able
to get one single manager of one
single Associated Press newspaper to
come out into the open and make a
public demand that the Associated
Press shall produce that report on
The Brass Check, which it formerly
announced it was preparing.
"I point out to the publishers and
editors of the Associated Press newspapers that they are continuing to
furnish to the public news which has
been proven to be tainted and -poisoned in the interests of class privilege
and exploitation."
Motion Pictures Will Support Ruling Glass
[By Harry Godfrey]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
New York—Union smashing, radical baiting, the broadcasting of "rell%
glous and moral education," and the
otber objects of the manufacturers'
scheme to use churches and community centres for motion picture propaganda, are not to-be their own sole
reward. The idea also is to bring
direct cash profits to those who get in
on tho ground floor. The project, described ln this service a fortnight ago,
has been further elaborated by its
sponsors, W. 1-1. Ban1, president, the
National Founders' Association, and J.
B. Edgcrton, president National Association of Manufacturers,
They have dubbed their movement
the "church motion picture corporation," and have sent out a characteristic letter to manufacturers, business
men and conservatives generally, in
which they paint a fearsome picture
of the radical influences at work in
America, and then propose that the
public holp finance this new cure.
It will be, in addition to its high-
sounding mission of combating radicalism, divorce and the like, a com
mercial venture, capitalized at $3,-
000,000. Barrls president, and Edger-
ton chairman of the board.
The sort of motion picture diet the
organization will furnish in the Sun
day schools, churches and other
places which it expects to get free of
charge, Includes industrial dramas,
comedies, Bible stories', educational
and sociological pictures, "Intended to
counteract evil influences in American
The evil influences to be counteracted are' labor unions, Russians who
don't worship the Czar's memory, Italians who don't embrace Facism, people who believe in free speech, and
other such dangerous persons.   N
There are 200,000 auditoriums in the
country, Barr and Edgerton point out,
where these propagandist films can be
shown to "check the spread of radicalism and irrellglon."
Advertiser--. In Tlie FedcrntlonlHt
evidently wnnt your trnde. Tliey pay
to secure It, There are many store
who cater to working <>la*s needs, and
In some Ihu-H there Is only one store
advertising, while others specialize In
certain com mod It I.*. Slater's deal In
provisions. Their bucon In of the best.
Why not give tliem a trial? Every
week they advertise tlieir wares in The
Federatlonist, Seo that you appreciate
this by dealing; at one or their stores,
and tell them that you do so because
of the fact that they advertise In The
FcdcrntlonlKt.       -' **•
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Moxlco City—Slrlkes or coal minera
are beginning in the State of Coahuila,
In the State of Sonora the miners
have won a 10 per cent. Increase,
Tlio greatest assistance that the
renders of Tlie Federatlonist can render ns at this time. Is by secnrtiw a
new subscriber. By doing so you
spread tbe news of the working clans
movoment and assise ns.'
British and German Success
Has Stampeded Big
[By Mildred Morris]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Washington—American business   is
going into Russia in spite of State department and newspaper propaganda,
British and German success in dealing with the Russian government, has
stampeded   great   business   interests
Into moving to grab Russian trade for
the United Statea.
Irving T. Bush, founder of the Bush
terminal system in New York harbor,
and president of the New York State
Chamber of Commerce, now oh his
way to Petrograd, will be followed by
other buslneas men from New York,
It Is stated here. Bush seeks to intereat the Russinn government in new
terminal facilities for theNland and
water transportation routes centering
ln the Petrograd ports.
Roger Babaon, oracle to big business, says in his current weekly bulletin issued for the information of his
clients, "There la nothing essentially
bullish about Russia, but for the long
switch things are on the road to improvement. All the Russian securities which were stricken from the
Paris bourse have been restored to
trade. These securities are widely distributed among peasants and other
small investors."
The McFadden Cotton Co. of Phila
delphla, having sold 13,000 bales of
cotton to Rusaia, has applied for entrance to get more of the Ruaslan cotton trade.
Two Americans, J. C. Vint and K.
D. Adams, are returning to Blagove-
shchtensk ln Siberia, where they are
successfully operating a gold mine under government concession. Word
from Vint has been received here to
the effect that labor Is contented un
der the Communist regime and suffers
from none of the "governmental slavery" pictured by Samuel Gompers,
Russian Imports have gone up to 40
per cent, of the pre-war flgure. British exports to Russia, according, to
figures here, increased from f3,300,000
sterling In 1921, to £4,700,000 in 1922,
while British imports from Russia to
Britain during the same period jumped from £6,000,000 sterling to approximately £13,000,000.
'Put a one-cent stamp on thli paper
and mall It to a friend.
Mussolini Has Strong Cen-
sorship of News from
New York—--Facts about the Fascist! do not get outside Italy because
of the Mussolini censorship, and because even within Italy all opinion opposing the Fascisti is harshly suppressed, according to August Ballanca,
member national executive board Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America, returned from a year of travelling in Italy. He is to roport .on conditions there to a number of labor organizations. One of his first declarations on landing was that he would
Join the antl-Fasclsti movement here
at once.
"Despite the ruthless control exercised by Mussolini," he said, "the mental or spiritual control over the people
Ib weak, for conformity is enforced at
the pistol point. And the pistols are
carried by well-paid men, who carry
them because they are well paid. The
black shirts, as they are called, are
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Good quality nainchec
sizes 34 to 46—
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Neat designs in got
percales, supercords,'.
B. cords, woven stript
Homer and Hastin
about the only people in Italy
who are getting decent living wt
The hold of the Fascisti proba
not as firm as it seems, he
because most of the leaders are
coats, and no one can tell in wh
rectlon their next betrayal will
The Fascisti cannot construct \
order in Italy, he said. "Thec|
reduced the Btandard of living _
but obliterated the organlzatio]
workers through which they J
better their conditions. The ',
have failed to erase class Unesl
the contrary, they intensified 1
feeling. Fascism haa no policf
Mussolini, and is drifting, It If
active o nthe destructive side, aa
Italian people aoon will really
Pass The Federationist alor\
help get new subscribers.
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