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The British Columbia Federationist Oct 7, 1921

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Array THE BRITISH COLUMBIA
INDUSTRIAL UNITT:  STRENGTH.
OFFICUL PAPER:   VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL.
POLITICAL UNITT:  VICTORY
THIRTEENTH YEAR.   No. 39.
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 7,1921
$2.50 PER YEAR
JOE KNIGHT GIVES
Graphic  Description   of
Taking; of Kronstadt
by Communists
Russians Bear Sufferings
,   With a Sublime
Courage"
Joa Knight, of Toronto, who haa
Jwt returned from Russia, where
he attended the Red Trade Union
International Congress, in addres-
btog a large meeting ln Winnipeg,
announced his Arm conviction that
tne Soviet regimo Is firmer now.
than ever before, and that it now in
• position to successfully defend
Itaelf against any enemies that may
attempt to overthrow it.
After recounting his experiences
tn hla journey to Russia, Knight
(ave hla impression of the Red
Army and of Moscow, and the leaden of the Soviet regime, Lenin and
Trotsky, whom he stated were simply cogs in the machine and re-
•ognized.lt, and dealt with realities
as they found them.
Hunger In Russia
Speaking of the condltlona cf
lhe Russian people as regards food,
Knight declared that he had witnessed hunger in England, and in
Canada, But I never in my life
could have conceived of a 'mass'
hunger, which extended over a
period of four years." Such, how-
aver, has been the lot of the people
Of Russia, but they bear tt with a
fortitude and spirit of solf-sacri-
' flee beyond comprehension. An
adult's rations consisted of three-
quarters of a pou.nd of black bread
per day. Nothing more. Juat
black bread, sometimes plentifully
aprlnkled with straw to make it
laat out. This condition contributed to by the blockade and the partial failure of the crops, resulted
In a lowering of the physical standard of tho workers, although they
■till went to the factories and did
aomethlng. They were listless maybe, but they went, and they work-
ad, Some factories had to be closed for a period on account of the
low vitality of the workers, Knight
atated, fn fact ho himself lost 46
lbs. during his four months' sojourn there.
These conditions, the speaker believed, would not be tolerated in
any other country, or under any
other government, but the revolution demanded it, and lt was endured with a smile. "If you grasp
Russin," Knight said, "you will
grasp the most wond'orful thing in
the world today. That spirit shows
why Russia is a power. That Is
the Bpirit of the Communist Party
In Russia."
Extra Rations
Additional rations are given to
(Continued on page *)
NOW APPEAL
lien    of    International
Reputations  Urge
Workers
Berlin. Germany.—An appeal to
labor ln every country to organize
relief for famine-stricken Russia
bu been signed by scientists, ar-
tlats and writers of International
reputation, including Prof. Albert
Elnet-in, Bernard Shaw, Anatole
-Trance, Henri Barbusso, Prof. Auguit Forel, Andorson Nexo and 22
Others.
"Impulsively the artists,  sciential- and savants," the statement
.declares, "who should be the con-
- cdencc of the world have united
themselves with tho workers In the
help for hungering Russia.    They
have   enrolled   their   art,    their
knowledge, their hope and power
of creation In the ranks of the proletariat of the world against the
* hunger and epidemics In Russia. In
Oermany,  In Holland,  in  France,
in  Scandinavia,   Switzerland,   and
other lands various committees of
l artists  and scientists   havo   been
formed for hungering Russia.   The
brotherly solidarity of the workers
haa already become effective.
;     "The workers of the whole world
; agree   that  help  must   be  given,
! without   conditions,   speedy   and
. without  delay.    Each  day lt be-
! comes clearer that the bourgeois
i  lovernments wish to profit and not
I to help.
Proletarian   Russia ean   only
he helped by the world proletariat"
S. P. of C. Candidate for
South Vancouver to
Speak Sunday
The Election campaign of the
Socialist Party pf Canada la now
well under way. Last Sunday
night a big audience assembled to
hear the addreaa of T. O'Connor,
candidate In Vancouver Centre.
During the course of hiB remarks
the apeaker made a number of telling points, in reference to the present atate of social affairs, and the
possible tendency for future developments. The only barrier retarding the forward movement of Society, was to be found ln the disinclination of the working class, the
produetlve element within Society,
to take over and control the very
meana of social life. As It is now,
the machine controls and dictates,
and men are Its bewildered victims.
The greatest need of the present
age was an understanding of social
and economic laws by tho slavea of
Capitalism, and the work of the
Socialist Party lay in the fulfilment
of thts need. The. tariff issue and
other topical events and questions
were analysed and explained by the
speaker ln a very able manner.
The speaker next Sunday will be
J. Kavanagh, the candidate In Vancouver, South. The Campaign Committee ls seeking the co-operation
of all Party members and supporters.
Meetings for the furtherance of
the candidature ot J. Harrington
in the Burrard constituency, In
North Vancouver, will be held during next week. On Monday, the
tOth, tho S. P. of C. candidate for
'Burrard will address a meeting ln
the K. P. hall, Fourth and Lonsdale, on Friday, 14th, he will address a meeting at Lynn Valley In
the institute hall. Both meetings
will commence at 8 p.m.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The FederationiBt, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
Says Eammon de Valera
Has Beaten Lloyd
George
(By Harry Godfrey)
(Federated Pross Staff Correspondent)    .
Now York—"Eummon de Valora
has met tho muster trickster of the
world and has vanquished him.
Those were the words of Frank
P. Walsh, counsel ln tho United
States to the Irish Republic, ae he
stepped from the Hteamer George
Washington here on his roturn
from an eight weeks' stay in Ireland.
"Neither crooked diplomacy nor
the mighty nrms of Great Britain
will   be  able  again  to  weld   the
chains of bontluge upon Ireland,
he declared.
When Mr. Walsh landed he wns
met by a great crowd and cheered
as he appeared'on thc gang-plank.
He was officially received by Mayor
Patrick Griffin of Hoboken and a
short way from tho pier was compelled to mako a speech.
'. "For eight weeks," he said, "I
have boen ln the heart of tho cradle of our race, and as an American citizen I can say that I never
heard of an army which fought
with the valor of tho Irish Republican army. Not even Grant and
Sherman wero able to wake the
magnificent patriotic spirit that has
been aroused In Ireland by Shawn
McKeown and Michael Collins."
However, Mr. Walsh snld he still
was very hopeful that Great Britain and Ireland will "get together."
"Ireland is no longer afraid," he
asserted, "and can therefore denl
on ferms of equality when it comes
to a conference over the council
tablo." He did not express an-
opinion as to whether or not Ireland would accept the status of
dominion home rule offered by England, but he declared that Ireland
would demand her independence,
and that she would get It ln return
for concessions in the form of assurances that she would remain a
loyal neighbor and would not ally
herself in any way with enemies
of England.
"If England continues for the
next two years to keep up her army
occupation in Ireland she will be
bankrupt.
"Lloyd George ls Juggling with
words and tho whole world ts waiting to see If he is the master faker
of the age. He has made promises
—many of them—and we are walt-
(Contlnued on page i)
,|MHI|.U.M«'.HI. '"
ECONOMISTS SAY
HAVE
FALLEN
Wages Lower Now Than
They Were Thirty
Years Ago
Statistics Prove Falsity of
Employing Class
Statements
During the past thirty yeara the
wages paid workers ln thli country
have not Increased, but actually
have decreased, ls the deliberate
opinion of Prof. Paul H. Douglas,
of the University of Chicago, and
Frances Lamberson, eminent economists, who publish thetr studies
and conclusions lu the September
Issue of the American Economic
Review.
The commonly aocepted belief
that wages have been surely and
steadily advancing since 1890, ls
completely disproved by these Investigators, They admit that nominal pay rates in many Industries
are certainly higher than those
which were granted during the pre
sldency of Benjamin Harrison, but
analysis of wagus paid and living
costs convince them that, when
measured by what money will buy,
tho workers' compensation has actually diminished over this period,
Wages, it is held, are meaningless unless prices are considered.
The period comprehended by the
survey, 1890 to ISIS, was one of
rising prices.
Wage rates also advanced, but
prices outstripped them at every
stage of the journey.
Careful Studies 'Are Made
The economists used what material was available for the 28 years
and their deductions seem to. have
been subjected to every test necessary to meet the requirements of
science. Indexes of prices and of
wages wero utilized. Tho cost of
food was taken as a sufficiently
liable' measure of tho change in
the cost of living.-while hourly and
weekly wage rates were deemed
sufflclent indications of the actual
annual Incomes of workers.
Reckoned In the figures pf the
index hourly wnges In 1890 were
99.4. By 1918 they had gone to the
flgure of 211.3. The hours of labor
had been shortened during that
period, however, so that the weekly wages had moved only from
100.3 In 1890 to 187.7 In 1918. This
suggested a nominal Increase of
87.4 per cent, in 28 years.
Retail   food   prices   during  the
same period, the indexes show, had
advanced   from   101.9   in   1890   to
(Continued on page 3)
STREAMS of ruling-class propaganda are now being
poured out in the effort to) defeat any working olass
candidates in the coming eleetions. Every wile that is
known to the ruling class will be used for tbis purpose.
As the oampalgn develops, the old lies along with many
new ones, will be uttered on the public platform and the
ruling class press will blason them from one end of the
country to the other.. . -
To offset the machinations of the ruling class it ls essential that the workers' position should be made as widely
known as possible. The means which the workers control
for this most necessary work are woefully inadequate,
but even the resources whioh are available are not taken
full advantage of.
The working class press is ithe most potent force for
the carrying out of working elass education and giving
the news that is news without ruling class coloring. No
effort should be spared in the securing of the widest possible circulation of working olass publications. Readers
of the Federationist can aid in this work by getting new
subscribers or by purchasing a number of copies eaoh
week and distributing them at political meetings and
wherever the workers gather. We peed your assistance
in spreading working class propaganda. Will you help?
It is your fight. The time to act is now.
THE TIME FOR ACTION   lIS ™JF0ETiI
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
'    804 PENDER STREET WEST
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Determination League.
MONDAY—Piledrivers.
TUESDAY—Workers' Council and Irish Self-
Determination League.
FRIDAY—Woman's Auxilary.
SATURDAY-Danee, 9 to 12.
Council of Workers Sup-
i   ports S. Vancouver's
■» Protest
The regular meeting of the Council of Workers waa held on Tuesday night. TJiere was a largo number of delegates in attendance and
the interest in tho work of the
council is becoming more keen as
the winter months approach and
the unemployed situation is atill
unrelieved.
A South Vancouver delegate
stated that all men had been laid
off when Commissioner Gray took
office. It was also reported that
delegation- of the unemployed
from that municipality had waited
on the commissioner, and laid their
needs and requirements before him.
In reply the commissioner stated
that he was glad the men were organised as he would rather meet
men that were organised, they were
asked to select a committee which
they did and the commissioner informed the committee that he was
going to put relief work on a different basis. Every dollar spent would
have to bring a dollar's worth of
work. Ho also stated that he would
segregate the older men and the
criples,' and put . them to work
clearing brush or some other work
at a lower rate of wages, and for
those that were unable to work he
would appoint a lady or a number
to look after them. About a hundred and twenty have been placed
to work since the delegation saw
the commissioner.
It was also reported that at the
unemployed meeting held ln South
Vancouver last Monady night, a
motion was passed condemning the
discrimination between older men,
single men, and cripples and the
other workers. It was also decided
to appoint two delegates on every
Job to look after the interests of
the men employed, and to urge
them to attend the unemployed
meetings.
A communication from the
Swing Shift Committee of the
Street and Electric Railway employees asking the support of the
council for their proposals was
read, it was decided, after considerable discussion to refer it to the executive with instructions to bring
in a recommendation at the meeting based on their investigation of
the case.
The attitude of the South Vancouver unemployed in "resisting the
discrimination against any worker
because of age or infirmity was endorsed.
The secretary waa Instructed to
write to the different municipalities
for information as to wages paid
in relief work.
IN
Withdraw from Internationals and Join Rank
and File
The suspending of San Francisco
building trades unions from their
internationals because they insist
on controlling their own 'affair!*
goes merrily on. To date the following have received the official
axe: Carpenters Locals No. 22, 483,
304, 10S2, 1689, 95, 34; Mlllmen's
Local No. 42, Housosmiths' Local
No. 78, Ironworkers' Local No. 117
of Ooaklan.d, Laborers' Local No.
1, Cement Workers- Local No. 310.
Painters' Locals No. 19 and 72 have
both Btopp*ed their per capita to
their International. No local affiliated yvlth the Rank and Pile Federation, the organization ; over
which tho fight Ib being waged, haB
withdrawn. A number of the suspended locals have retained lawyers and instituted suits against
their Internationals for the payment of the strike benefits to which
they were entitled and for the purpose also of protecting their
equities -in the Building Trades
Temple and Carpenters' Hall Building.
Little success has so far attended tho efforts of the highly paid.
International officials to reorganize the suspended locals as they
have nothing to offer the men nor
any power to blackjack the insurgents..
IN I FIGHT
Committee Organized to
Help in Nanaimo
Campaign
The Victoria Local of the S. P.
of C. held a meeting on Tuesday,
and decided to tako charge of the
Nanaimo campaign in the district
adjacent to Victoria. A general
meoting for organization purposes
will be held at 7:30 o'clock on
Sunday evening, at the party rooms
room 8, Green block, 1216 Broad
street. Old members of the party
and others who are ready to lend a
hand in the necessary work of the
campaign, are urged to bc present.
Literature must be distributed in
the Oak Bay, Saanich and Esquimau districts, and active propaganda carried on. Fred Harman was
elected secretary of the campaign
committee, and ls open to receive
contributions towards the expenses
of the election.
Communications should be addressed to him at the above address. The time for action ls here,
and a good turnout is expected oil'
Sunday,
Many Propaganda Meetings Have Been
Arranged
The Sunday evening meeting of
the Federated Labor Party in the
hall, 148 Cordova street west, was
fairly well attended, tho speaker
being Comrade Tom Richardson, F.
,_,. P. candidate for Vancouver
■South. He spoke on "The Workers' Fight," and after a long, well-
reasoned address, urged tho pressing need of unity amongst workers
in the struggle for the overthrow
of capitalism.
Comrade Lipschitz is the speaker
for next Sunday, and comrades are
requested to turn out to this meet'
ihg.
A propaganda meeting will be
held ln Dreamland theatre on Sunday evening, Oct. 9, at 8 p. m
Speakers: Mrs. Corse, R. P. Pettlplece, T. Richardson; R. H. Neelands, chairman.
Meetings were held during the
week at Ladner, on Monday, Clo-
verdale; on Tuesday, Langley Prairie; on Wednesday, and the meetings were well patronized, especially tho Ladner one, there being
over 100 peoplo present, Including
women.
Don't forget the whist drive and
dnnee at Oddfellows' hnll, corner
Sixth and Main, In aid of Russian
medical relief funds.
Situation in China May
Precipitate Struggle
in East
Again Adjourned
The case against The Federatlonist and A. S. Wells, was again adjourned on Monday morning, as
previously arranged for, before
Magistrate Shaw, on Monday, 26th
of September.
S.
CAMPAIGN IS ON
Jack Kavanagh Will Have
Support of Active
Committee
The workers of South Vancouver are now down to business, and
everything points to a live campaign being carried on in the support of Comrade Kavanagh.
Tho finance committee reports
that funds aro coming ln well and
lt Is woll to point out that "Tho
"Workers Candidate," or any of his
committees, are not receiv'ng any
pay either for wages or expenses.
The workers havo to pay a a
penalty of |200 in the shape of an
election deposit, and there is the
rental of hails, printing, etc., to bc
met. This means that the workers
will have to como through, as that
will be the only source from which
wo will bc able to procure tho necessary funds.
Look for announcement of flrst
meeting, and be prepared to do
your part. Tho Socialist candidate
will not be quoted In the daily
press for obvious reasons, so don't
depend upon the press.
Japanese   Manipulations
Cause Split on Disarmament
(By Laurence Todd)
(Federated Press Stall Correspondent)
Washington — Ominous of the
highly explosive condition of affairs
ln the Far East—a condition which
may detonate Into war before the
so-called disarmament conference
la a month bid—is the word from
Peking that the official Chinese
delegation to the Washington conference Is without funds, but It Is
to be supplied with ample gold from
some mysterious source on the eve
of Its safling.
From sources In Intimate touch
with Chinese diplomacy at this moment, the Federated Press learns
that tho Peking "government," notoriously ln the pay of Japan, haB
sought to send a delegation not
firBt submitted for Tokyo'B approval, and that as a result the Tokyo
paymasters are holding up furthor
cash until Peking changes the del
egatlon or gives some other concessions equally desired by the Japanese imperialists. This is not to be
construed*" as meaning that the delegation selected ln Peking is not
pro-Japanese; it Is merely that a
clique known as the "railroad ring,"
especially favored by Tokyo, has
not secured tho jobs. In either
cose, Japan's interests will be guarded unless the American State department intervenes.
Danger of immediate war lies in
the fact that, since last May, tho
Canton government, headed by Dr.
Sun Yat Sen and having Dr. Wu
Ting Fang as its foreign minister,
has maintained its position as the
legitimate government of all China,
and has been outlawed by Peking.
The Japanese foreign offlce, and its
appendage In Peking, refuse to issue passports to any one sympathetic wltb the South China regimo
to come to the United States. It
wap the Canton delegates at Pails
who blocked tho signing of tbe
Shantung award by China. Tho
Canton government has asked that
It be given equal hearing with the
Peking regime at this conference,
ln dealing with the problems of the
Far East. Rather than see Peking
surrender anything to Japan
through an agreement ln the Washington conference, the Canton gov-
(Continued on page 2)
Workers Urged to Protest
Against  Economic
Council's Plans
The proposals of the Economic
Council, for. dealing with the unemployed situation, came ln for some
very virile criticism at a well attended meeting In the Pender Hall
last Sunday. The purpose of the
meeting waa outlined by J. Kavanagh, who pointed out that lf the
minimum wage suggested by the
Economlo Council, was accepted
without protest, It would mean a
reducing of the standard of living.
He pointed out that it did not matter what occupation a man usually
followed, just as soon as he was out
of work he was classed among the
unemployed and would have to ac
cept the wages which would be
offered to the' unemployed under
any scheme which the proposed
commission would Inaugurate.
He pointed out that road work,
started aa relief work, was work
that could be classified aa produc
tive, aa good roada were necessary
for the carrying on of production
and distribution, and that if thla
work was to bo done at the rate of
wages suggested, then it would
mean a reduction ln wagea amounting to almost 60 per cent. He
urged that all workers bring the
matter up in their unions and to
aend their protests to the proper
place.
J. Q. Smith,, T. Blssett and others
took part In the discussion, .all urging the workers to resist to the full
any attempt to reduce the standard
of living, and to havo the matter
dealt with in their organizations.
The general feeling of those
present wns that the rate of wages
suggested a as minimum would be
the wage that would be paid for
any work done during tbe coming
winter, and under the guise of relief work, work that would have to
be done in any case would bo paid
for at the low rate of wages which
is mentioned in the recommendations of the Economic Council.
Soviet Russia .Aims tor
Eventually Abolish
Currency
Patronize Fed. advertisers,
Lefeaux at Cumberland
W. W. Lefeaux, who has recently
been speuking for the Russian famine roilef committee in the United
States, will address a meeting in
Cumberland on Sunday, Oct. 9, under the auspices of the American
Friends Service committee. His
subject will be, "What I Saw in
Soviet Russia."
♦■►ti i ii »"i"i"i"i»i->-i-iiin..i.i>..ii_iil»nl»im i |li|i.>">»ii'ii.|i'>->">..>.itii«inin..>_<__>,».|.t-,».
WHIST DRIVE
and DANCE
IN AID of FEDERATIONIST DEFENSE
FUND
PENDER HALL
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER Wth
"Whist, 8 to 10
GENTS, 50c
I>ancing, 10 to 12
LADIES, 25c
A   Glorious   Record   of
Death, Destruction
and Misery
Capitalism's relentless and unceasing waste of human life is inevitably hastening the destruction
of the syBtem which has not only
murdered millions of people, but
Is dally plunging .millions, more into
desolation and starvation. The
latest official statistics estimate the
German war casualties to be:
1,Mis,545 killed and 2,247,143
wounded.
Tho official British, French and
Italian casualties are as follows:
British: Killed, 658,704; wounded, 2,032,142; missing or prisoners, 350,146.
French: Killed, 1,071,300; mlBS-
Ing and prisoners, 760,300;, number of wounded not given.
Italy: Killed, 405,560; wounded
959,138.
The United Stntes had 61,036
killed, nnd over 200,000 wounded,
while Russia, who is reported to bo
the heaviest sufferer of all, has as
yet Issued no casualty list.
Appalling as theso figures are,
they do not includo tho number of
indirect deaths due to the war, nor
tho gruesome total resulting from
after-the-war famine and plague,
And silently the toll continues in
variouB ways. In the United States
alone during tho first six months of
this year, there were 6509 suicides,
compared with 1771 last year; 507
of whom wero juveniles.
The one nnd a half million peo
plo unemployed ln Great Britnin
the 30 millions starving In Russia
the six million unemployed in the
United States; the ten million un
employed in Europe; the closing of
Australia's shores to irpmigrant.-
untll work has been found for her
own people; and the hundreds of
boys and girls wbo tako their own
lives before they reach manhood
and womanhood are all a condemnation of tho capitalist system.—
Labor Leader.
Collect Over $700.
Tho local committee appointed
by the Couneil of Workers to raise
funds for Famine Stricken Russia,
from September tho 1st to October
ho 1st, collected, $710.88. Expenses amounting to $18 have been
ncurred, leaving a balance of
$692.88 for the old of the famine
suffer erB.
The committee is hoping to raise
f 1000 before the campaign is over.
toveral receipt books are still out,
but thc committee hopcB to bc able
.0 have a final statement before thc
next issue of the Foderationist.
Howat WiU Not Order
Men Back to Work
and Goes to Jail
By Maud McCreery
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Indianapolis, Ind.—Despite the
vote of 2637 to 1773 In the United
Mine Workers' convention upholding President John L. Lewig and
the International executivo board,
who ordered Alexander Howat,
president of the Kansas district, to
send his men at two strip mines
back to work pending a decision of
the controversies, the rebel leuder
declared himself undefeated, and
said he intended to continue to disregard the orders of tho International officers.
"The Kansas situation is in exactly tbe same condition thut it vas
before the convention voted on it,
Howat said to The Federated Press.
"I refuse to abide by the decision
of the convention and order my
men baek to work under new conditions the operators wish to impose upon them in violation of
contract. We are not asking for
any new conditions and we do not
propose to give away any old con<
ditions, no matter who tells ua to
do so."
Howat explained that ho would
be glad to Instruct his men to re
turn to work under conditions existing before the controversy arose
when, in the case of the Dean mine
the operator Installed a loading machine and at tho Reliance mine two
men out of a crew of four were
discharged nnd the remaining two
asked to do tho work formerly done
by the four.
He declnrcd he was stnndlng on
and by the federal coal commission
award, which said new conditions
should not bo ImpoBed upon the
miners during the lifetime of the
award.
Howat went to Pittsburg, Knn.,
to start a jail sentenco for violation
of tho Industrial court law. lie had
tho option of giving a "poaco" bond
promising that ho would never call
a strike in Kansas, This he refused
to do, Baying tbat ho preferred to
go to jail.
Howat expressed appreciation for
the way tho Illinois delegation supported him In the roll call vote.
"The Illinois miners,- nlmost
unanimously, endorsed our position
and we are going to be guided by
them and those who stood with
them and us," he snld. "Tho Illinois miners, with both moral and
flnanclal support, rna&e it possible
for us to fight tho industrial court
(Continued on Pago 3)
Uses  Paper  Rubles  to
Overcome Difficulties
of Transition
(Editor's Note—Mr. Foster, who
has now returned) after three and
a half months in Russia, explains
below the scientific method of tha
Communist rulers In their handling
of the currency problem.)
(By William Z. Foster)
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
As a part of Its general plan for
Communism, the Russian government aims ultimately to abolish
money entirely. But so far this has
not been done. On the contrary,
Russia is now being flooded with
an unheard of volume of paper
money. So great la this that the
manufacture of auch money has become an Important Industry, employing 13,000 persons. Last year
3000 tona of rags, were consumed
for paper money making; and every
month from 60 to 70 freight carloads of new paper rubles left Moscow for various parts of the Republic. It la a literal deluge of
money.
In his splendid book, "Social Revolution and Finances," Preobras-
hensky, people's commissioner for
finance, cites the following figures
to show the totals of monoy production, year by year, since the outbreak of tho world war. From
them the monster Increase ln the
volume of money is strikingly apparent:
1915 -,.   -2,611,200,000 rubleg
1916     3,379,200,000      "
1817  18,091,200,000      "
-918  33,951,600,000      "
1919 163,750,800,000      **
1920 943,581,600,000      "
1921 754,000,000,000      "
Tho RuBsian government is the
flrst Institution to operate financially upon tho busis of trillions.
And at the rate lta money output
is increasing Its totals will soon
tako on true astronomical proportions.
Tho persistence and vigor of the
monetary system in revolutionary
Russia is explained very simply. It
is because It Is really a form of tax
upon tho large body of independent
producers in non-nationalized Industries—chiefly the peasants—
who make up 85 per cent, of tho *
population. These petty bourgeois
elements, besides believing in the
institution of monoy, havo an actual
need for a medium of exchange.
Hence the government iBBues them
enormous quantities of paper rubles adorned with bright revolution- .
(Continued on page I)
'S
B
British House of Commons Puts Crimp in
Women's "Freedom"
(By the Federated Press)
London—The recent session oi
parliament left the status of women at a lower point than it was at
the opening of the session, declares
The Vote, lho feminist organ.
which says that "nothing has been
done in regard to securing votes on;
a simple residential qualification,
and at tho same ago us men. All
women under 30 aro still disfranchised, whilo men can securo a
vote at 21. The House of Common*
killed tho criminal law amendment
bill, whicli raised tho ago of consent for girls to 10.
Tho guardianship of Infants'
bill, which would havo made tlio
mother a joint guardian with the
father of their children, wblch
would havo ameliorated lho lot of
many poor mothers, both are lost."
Tbo Vuto states: "All married women havo been declared logally Ineligible for posts in the homo civil
service, and all women have been
excluded from the foreign civil and
consular services."
Mtll|.H..i.,tl|i,.»,».l«.l«.,t.,«.,«.Kt„t-t^-t_^.^.H
South Vancouver Danco
A whist drive and dance will ba
hold In tho Fraser Hall, South Van.
couver, on Saturday, October IB,,
for lhe purpose of raising funds fop
tho S. P. of C. campaign In that
constituency.   Admission 25 centa.
WHIST DRIVE and
DANCE
Under the Auspices of the Socialist Party of Canada
Campaign Committee
PENDER HALL, Corner Pender and Howe Sts.
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 27,1921
"Whist, 8 to 10 Dancing, 9 to 12
OENTS, 50c LADIES, 26o r Aun i w \j
THE B.C. FEOERATIONIS
Published every Friday morning by Tl. a tt
Federationi.t, Limited
A. a WELLS-
-Manager
Offlce:   Room 1, Victoria Block, 342 Pender
Street Wot
..  Telephone Beymour 8871
Bubscribtion Hates: United States and Foreign,
13.00 per year; Canada,. $2.50 per year, 11.(0
for six months; to Unions subscribing In a
body, 16c per member per month.
Unity of Ubor; the Hope of the World
FRIDA* October 7, 1921
T N spite of all the ravings of Tory and
* Liberal politicians, every member of
Parliament represents, the interests of ono
of the two classes in society. It ma£ be
that many do not know this, J>ut it is a
fact, nevertheless. Many
PARLIAMENTS members of Parliament,
AND CLASS however, do recognize
INTERESTS       their    class   interests.
Any Socialist would
realize that he represented thc interests of
the working class even though he might
not be able to further those interests, just
as the representatives of the manufacturers and financiers recognize that they are
there to represent the interests of the
class to whieh they belong. Those members of Parliament who do not recognize
that they are class representatives, are
those small bourgeois-minded members of
the so-called middle class, and the proletarians who, either by accident or design, are allowed to sit in the halls of conclave as Liberal and Tory representatives.
» » »
Many workers have in the past been
elected to Parliaments, and while imagining that they represented working class
interests, really aided the present ruling
class in its domination of the class from
which they sprang. It matters not what
class they spring from, members of Parliament represent class interests. If they
are workers with ruling class ideas and
eoncepts, they represent the class whose
interests the ideas they hold .support.
Class interests are expressed in the ideas
promulgated by a class, consequently
those who spread or hold the views of the
ruling elass must represent that class, just
as a member of the working class, with a
knowledge of the class divisions in society would represent the interests of the
class whose ideas and concepts he supports.
• ..».';•
The "workers, however, have not y«t
tealized the elass divisions in society, and
as a result they not only parrot the ideas
of their masters but imagine that there is
a choice between the two wings of the
ruling class, at all times struggling for
power, and vote a ruling class ticket on
the day of election. Occasionally, but on
very rare occasions, a-inember of the employing class who sees the trerfd of. modern society, and who recognizes that the
present system is a detriment to the hu-
' man race, will be found lining np with
the workers, but through sheer stupidity
and ignorance, the workers will, like
sheep, flock to thd call of . their
masters' bell wether whenever they
are needed to uphold the rule of
tljose who, tinder the present system,
enslave and exploit them. The moral
should be obvious; it is: A worker
voting for, a ruling class minded politician, be that candidate a member of the
working class, or the so-called middle-
class, or a class-conscious member of the
employing, and exploiting class, is voting
against his class and his individual interests. Only a member of the working
class, with a knowledge of the cause of
elass divisions in society and the elass antagonisms, can represent the workers, he
alone having an understanding of thcir
interests. Our readers might with profit
remember this when they vote on eleetion
day. - .
PROFITS rule the world. Por profit
and that alone is modern industry
carried on, and when the prospects of
profits are slim, industry is closed down.
The present industrial and commercial
depressiauJs due to the
PROFITS AND fact that it is impossible
HUMAN to  carry on industry
MISERY   . and provide profits for
those who own and control the means of wealth production.
Meanwhile the people starve. History
shows that whenever any system of society basdd on human slavery reaches that
stage when it can no longer feed its
slaves, or carry the human family any
further on the path of progress, that system has had to be abolished in order that
human wants could bc supplied and development carried on. A study of world
conditions at this time will demonstrate
that capitalism cannot provide tho necessities of life for the great mass of the
people, and that the progress of the race
is stopped because of that system. Human beings are, through suffering caused
by the lack of the necessities of life, becoming physically and mentally degenerate, while at the other end of the social
scale, degeneracy through idleness and
debauchery is rampant.
* » •
Two striking instances of the failure of
capitalism have been recorded in the press
during the past week. The first in the
report which stated that the Cornish Tin
industry was closed down, and the other
a news item which indicated that the
Welsh coal mines would have to be closed
owing to the lack of markets and the impossibility of making profits in the production of coal, While "high wages,"
which are not high wagon but relatively
much lower than were paid in thc yoars
beforo the war when the purchasing
power of thc money wages are considered,
are supposed to be the causo of the industrial stagnation and consequent unemployment, yet we learn that the Cornish
Tin miners never demanded exorbitant
wages.  They are in fact credited with re- ]
thirteenth tear,  wo. *t   mis BKX'niSii COLUMBIA FEDKKATIUNIST   Vancouver, r q
turning much of their earnings in order to
aid the employers to keep the mines running. Thus demonstrating the inability
of the employers to operate that industry.
The following report of the distress prevailing in the tin mining regions of Cornwall will give some idea of the terrible
conditions that these low wage slaves
have been reduced to after producing untold wealth in the past.
Pathetic attempts are being made
to relieve the depression. In one typical case, a choir gave a concert to
raise funds to buy food, but the
choir members all were so weak for
lack of nourishment they had to discontinue the concert.
As is always the case with destitution, tuberculosis is adding to the
tragedy. The situation is so bad that
in many families the father, the
mother and all the children aro
suffering from "galloping consumption."
Men who formerly were physical
giants and worked in the tin mines
all their lives soon will be so feeble
they.can not do work even if work
were available.
* * «
In the Welsh coalfields the situation is
becoming worse daily. Scores of pits are
closed because profits cannot be made by
their operation. Miners are compelled to
remain idlo or accept wages which, while
expressed, in money terms are about 10 per
cent, higher than the pre war wage, yet
in reality would be at least fifty per eent.
lower than they received in 1914. In
other words, unless they aro prepared to
have their standard of living reduced to
the lowest possible level of subsistance,
a veritable slow death by starvation while
working, they must suffer want and privation and a speedier delivery from their
miseries. Such is capitalism. These conditions can be duplicated in all branches
of industry, the difference being, only one
of the degree in the intensity of the suffering of the modern wage slave.
* * *
While similar evidences of tho break
down of the system can be seen every day
in the week, politicians and blundering
"statesmen," are urging greater produetion, greater efforts and more cooperation
between capital and labor, as solutions
of the present conditions. Members of the
working class, failing to read the signs
of the times, imagine that things would
be better if only prices would fall and
other workers not in the same industry as
themselves would be "sweetly reasonable" and accept reductions in wages.
Labor leaders parrot the cries of the master class and urge the members of the
labor organizations to accept reduced
wages in order that industrial stability
may be re-established, ignoring the fact
that wages are lower now than they were
in the early days of the last decade and
are steadily falling while conditions become worse, not because of lower wages,
but because industry, even with low
wages, cannot be carried on and profits
created for the ruling class.
The producers of wealth throughout the
world are starving because the modern
industrial system is incapable of providing them with the necessities of life.
Because they have produced too much
wealth and there is no market for the surplus7 values they have created Human
wants and necessities cannot be filled by
a system which ignores them, and is only
carried on for the profits which accrue to
a ruling class in society.   Only a system
of life for U3e, can do that. The production of commodities never was and never
will be carried on so that the people may
live. Commodities are produced for salo,
not for use, and until this fact is realized
by the workers they will listen to their
master's hysterical and frenzied cries for
help to bolster-up the system, which in
spite of their toil and sweat in mill, mine,
and factory, leaves them to starve to
death in the midst of plenty.
in a capitalist government, was instrumental in the sending of several men to
gaol for taking part in a strike for the
right of collective bargaining in the city
of Winnipeg. He was largely responsible
for the use of agents provocateur and
mounted troops in breaking that strike,
and at the instance of the men who control the government of this eountry, who
do not live here, but direct the operations
of the government from New York. Irrespective of the pressure that was
brought to bear on the government at that
time, the Honorable Arthur Meighen, now
Premier of this country, but not for long,
showed by his every action during the
time of that strike, and particularly while
he was in Winnipeg, that he was acting in
the interests of the class to whicli he belongs. We do not blame him for that. He
would be foolish if he did not strive to
protect his class interests, but when he
appeals to the workors for support after
his actions and his display of viciousness
against them, it is time to call a halt and
to call his bluff.
* *     11
The present Premier, as a member of
the government when the workers were
struggling for the right of collective bargaining, not only never protested, but
gave his assistance to the administration
in the effort to break the workers'power.
All the powers of state were brought
against the workers of Winnipeg. Homes
of workers in all parts of the country
were raided and searched in the attempt,
which was suecessful, to railroad men to
gaol, and coming to the Vancouver representative of the government, the new
Minister of Trade and Commerce, the
Hon. H. H. Stevens, it should be noted
that he never lifted his voice against that
power being used to break the strike. If,
under these conditions, there are 'workers
who will, either by voice or vote, give aid
to the government in its effort to secure a
return to power, then they are so filled
with ruling class philosophy as to, preclude the possibility of their ever becoming either intelligent participants in the
working-class movement, or anything else
but a drag on wheels of progress.
Shortly afte* the struggle in Winnipeg,
a struggle which was taken up by the
workers of every city in the. west, we took
tho position that no matter when an
election was held, be it only a by-eleetion,
the workers should fight the government
on the class issue raised during the summer months of 1919 in the city of Winnipeg. We desire to again state that the
issue raised at that time is not dead. Representatives of the working class were
sent to gaol by a ruling class government
because they espoused the cause of the
workers. The Liberal Party did not oppose the actions of the government ill
that class movement. In fact some liberals were members of the government.
The personnel of the Cabinet has been
changed. The Liberals may even be returned to power, but the class nature of
the administration will not bc changed by
a changing of the color of the political
party in power or a change in the makeup of the Cabinet. It will be a class government, no matter which of the old parties is in power. The workers should, and
must, if they recognize their class interests, and if the Winnipeg situation in 1919
has1 any lessons for them, vote and work
against all old-line party candidates and
elect working-class representatives, and
show by so doing, their attitude and
thcir views on the actions of the Hon.
Artful  Arthur  and   his   man  Friday,
FRIDAY Uctocer  T,   tall
- LONDON LETTER
—t 1 _
based on the production of tho necessities I Gideon Robertson, and the acts of a class
_. i,i>    ___          __  _-.__      m_ -   P       .       , 1. _   .    .
THE Premier of Canada has issued an
election manifesto. As usual, the appeal made to the electorate is wordy, but
full of glaring mis-statements of facts,
and appeals to passion and ignorance.
The usual call to labor is
A JOB FOR made, and the policy of
THE thc   government   is   ad-
WORKERS vanced as being in the interests Of the workers. Tariffs figure largely in the governmental
programme, and class representation is,
of course, denounced, although every line
of the manifesto demonstrates that the
government is a class government and "is
out to preserve the interests of the class
which it represents.
* * »
Thc hypocrisy of tho Honorable Artful
Arthur is, however, displayed very plainly in his references to tho United States
and the "danger" of tho dominance of
Canada by that country.   Referring to
the policy of a protective tariff, whieh he
states thc Canadian people decided on
two years ago, he says in his manifesto:
"Our nearness to the United States
was tending to drain the natural resources of our younger country irito
the larger manufacturing Xjstablish-
mentB of the republic, there to employ
American workmen in their development and American railways and
other commercial interests in their
distribution and sale.   Hundreds of
thousands of  Canadians,  workmen
and others, were accordingly compelled to emigrate."
» • »
Such a statement, coming from a man
who only recently at the behest of the
financial magnates of Wall street, opposed the renewal of tho Anglo-Japanese
treaty, most certainly brands him, not
only as a hypocrite, but as a poltroon of
tho worst type. Going back into Canadian liistory will, however, givo thc workers an even more glaring instance of hia
perfidy and his effrontery in appealing to
the workers. He, it was, who, along with
Gideon Robertson, a so-called Labor rep-
government when labor was fighting for
a very small liberty, one which had been
established for many years in every country operating under the capitalistic system. A class issuo was raised in Winnipeg. The government has issued a manifesto in which an appeal is made to the
workers. The issue must be kept clear,
thc class fight is on, and the workers'
manifesto should be an appeal to those
who toil on class lines, and the first step
is to defeat all ruling class candidates
wherever possible^ The Federationist is,
and will as long as it is in-existence, be
opposed to all ruling class governments,
and makes no distinction between them,
be they Liberal or Unionist, or under any
other guise, but tho fiyst essential is to
give the Honorable Arthur his political
walking ticket-as an answer to his tactics
in Winnipeg. The rest can wait, and will
be attended to in due time,
No, it is not revolutionary to vote for
a Socialist. It is more revolutionary to
grouse at thc system and wait for some
ono else to do the work neccssaryjto working class education.
A vote for a capitalistic minded candidate is a vote for misery. Better lose
your vote than ask for a further does of
"civilization," which today means misery, pestilence and death.
rasentalivo, acting as Minister of Labor j cordingly.
"Will some one please explain how a
man can represent the interests of two
classes in Parliament when the interests
are not identical. It has us guessing in
spite of all the old party politicians have
to say about this question,
Wp don't see why Crerar Bhould take
such means to explain- that he is not what
the leaders of the old political parties
think, or say he is. We know that he is
even not what he thinks he is. While1 he
may not realize it, he is as big a humbug
as cither Meighen or King.
Premier Meighen in his election manifesto makes an appeal to the women. We
seem* to remember a previous election
when another appeal was made to the
wives of tho men overseas. It read something like this: "If the government is
returned your men will come back when
they can be replaced by the conscripts."
No doubt thc wives and mothers of tho
soldiers who voted for the return of their
men folks, and accepted tho word of the
politicians, will remember how they were
fooled on the last occasion and act ac-;
By Evelyn Sharp
(Federated Press Staff Writer)
LONDON, Sept. 14.-r-Ppblic at
tention here ia focused alternately upon Ireland and unemployment, while parliament ia in
recess and ministers, shoot partridges, At the moment unemployment holds the field.
It would not he altogether true
to say that ministers are entirely
ignoring Industrial distress, for
they have not been allowed to do
that The situation is growing
more serious with delay, and rioting where large crowds of hungry
men and women get out of hand
and police are tactless ls not on
the decrease. And, of course, the
Poplar Councillors are Btill in jail,
serving their indeterminate sentences for having put the maintenance of the poor before the pay-,
ment of taxes; and the injustice of
their continued imprisonment is not
calculated to soothe the present
discontent .
So, in spite of the ministerial
holiday, the sub-committee of the
cabinet that has been formed to
deal with the crisis had to hold its
flrst meeting yesterday. Nothing
very much seems to hava been decided, beyond a reported determination not to extend .the so-called
dole system. Two schemes for
meeting distress by the provision
of work were "considered, both
based, on tho idea of accelerating
local public works that otherwise
would be done more' slowly. But
this, even lf funds were provided
for ft, would only touch the fringe
of the problem.
It Is admitted that 290,000 unemployed workers have come to an
end of their 22 weeks' dole; the
official estimate of the unemployed
Is over a million and a half, and
the number on short time reaches
about half a million. Only a very
large provision of works of public
utility iwuld hope to absorb any
considerable proportion of the
workless, and a govornment tormented wtth the persecution of the
'anti-waste" people finds it difficult to vote the sums of money
needed.
On the other hand, the workers
are scornful of any plea of economy
as a reason for leaving-the unemployed to starve, for their memories are long enough to recall the
hundred millions squandered on
Kolchak and Denikin, to say nothing of our annual expenditure of
two hundred millions on armaments. "The treasury," says tha
Manchester Guardian, "must think
again. ... A modern civilized
community cannot rest content and
allow the people to He down and
die on the roadside, as they did in
the Irish famine 75 years ago."
•Without being unnecessarily cynical, ona may question whether that
is not exactly what our modern
English community Is already doing, and will continue to do unless
people refuse to die queitly, as
Keynes would have put it,
If it Is true that the Russian
famine can onlr be satisfactorily
relieved by the conceited government action of other- European
countries, then the inhabitants of
the famine provinces can have little
hope at the present moment. The
discovery of an antl-Sovllet plot
among the members of the late
Russian Famine Relief Committee
In Moscow offers ample justification for Tchicherln's note to the
Supreme Council In Paris regarding
the proposed committee of inquiry
as a prelude to relief. But anybody
who reads the authentic accounts in
more than ono newspaper here of
the oondltlon of the peoplo in Samara may be pardoned for wondering Avhat more investigation is
needed before governments can be-
come human.
Meanwhile, privato agencies of
relief, fcjremost among which Is the
War Victims' Relief Committee of
the Society of Fricrtds, continue to
do the work of relief in perfect
harmony with the Soviet authorities, and humane people can support them. The Trades Union Congress not only votod 1000 pounds
at once from its general fund In
order to start a Trade Union Famine Fund for food and medical
supplies, fo be sont through the
T. U. International, but also empowered the new General Council
of Labor to "use the whole power
or organized British labor," if
necessary, in order to forco the government to furnish medical supplies; means of transport, raw material and money credits, and to
recognize the Russian government
to that end.
The Trades Union Congress was
divided between tffe case for disarmament and the caae for the international strike, as a war preventive, when it discussed the question
of the next war. It passed the disarmament resolution by - a large
majority, urging that British labor
'should te directly represented at
Washington and that British war*
ship construction should be suspended till after the conference
there.
But a powerful minority, voiced
by Pollitt of the Boilermakers, took
the view that disarmament was not
practical politics because economio
interests were inevitably leading
the world toward another war and
nothing could stop this but international trade union organization
with a, view to an International
strike of workers against war.
Recent events in Germany show
what can be done against militarism by organized "action. Reports
from M. Philips Price, the Dally
Herald correspondent in Berlin,
prove that even ^he Bavarian peasants are on the side of labor in
the rest of Germany in demanding
the cessation of martial law in Bavaria and the rest of Germany, but
between labor everywhere reinforced by the Catholics and many
moderates of all parties who were
outraged by the murder of Erzberger and Its implication of another Kapp uprising, and, on the
other side, the old military clique
who emigrated- to Bavaria. Another Kapp uprising is still possible,, this time starting in Bavaria;
but It does not stand to succeed in
the present moo.d . of Republican
Germany.
One cannot help wondering If
the forcible disarmament of Germany Is not going to turn out the
greatest blessing the Allies could
have bestowed upon their defeated
enemy. Certainly, from all accounts, the militarists are losing,
not gaining, influence there.
iAPS ARE AFRAID
Is Danger of
Immediate War
 (Continued from page 1)
JUNIOR LABOR
LEAGUE NOTES
At the business meeting of the
Junior Labor League last Friday
evening, all tho amendments to the
constitution were approved, and
the amended constitution will
shortly be printed. A motion was
passed that the league support working slass candidates in the forthcoming election, and that where
two workers are nominated In op'
position to each other, Individual
members will support such candidate as they wish. The sports committee announces that the football
team was lined up and delegates
were detailed to attend the organization meeting of a new junior
football league. The social com*
jplttee ls arranging a special programme for the meeting, to be held
Oct. 21. The educational commit-
tee has the programme in hand for
tonight's mejjting, which will be
hold at 929 Eleventh avenue west
It ls anticipated that a large number of the members will turn out
to future educational meetings, as
it ls the Intention to "feature"
them. Another motion that was
passed was to the effect that members will attend educational meetings or no meetings. The muslo
committee also'reported progress,
another violin being added to the
orchestra.
There will bo no meeting of the
leaguo next Friday. Tho meeting
following that held tonight, will be
hold Oct dl, and will be a soeial
ovening. For Information regarding maters, phone Fair. 3023L, or
Fair. 1610.
ernment is prepared to start a new
war which may''iiiflame the whole
of China, and which, by drawing
Japan in on the side of Peking,
may wreck Wie deliberations here.
There are two roads out of this
danger, both of them controlled by
the State department. In the first
place, the State department may
ask Peking to Issue passports to
Dr. Wu and a delegation from Canton to come here as "observers" of
the conference, with the understanding . that upon their arrival
they will sit down around a councU
'table with delegates from the Peking government and arrange under
the chairmanship of Mr. Hughes,
an agreement which shall reunite
China. By making this request of
Peking, the State department will
have served .polite notice upon Tokyo to keep hands off. Such action
would probably create a wild uproar In Tokyo, but It would scarcely cause a war between the United
States and Japan.
The second road open to Mr.
Hughes would be his recognition of
the South China government of
Dr. Sun as a belligerent state. As
Buch, it would be entitled to Issue
Its own passports, to send delegate)
-here, and to take part in a reconciliation conference which Mr,
Hughes Is believed to be determin-
to attempt.
It Is suspected here that Mr.
Hughes ls feeling out the Peking
regimo on the first plan, and that
Peking, having just borrowed another 130,000,000 from Tokyo, is
reluctant to agree.
If neither road Is opened, then
Dr. Sun's government, as custodian
of the honor of China, will face the
necessity of preventing by military
force the further spoliation of their
country by Japan and by Britain,
which is almost equally hostile to
the Canton authorities. Britain is
pushing her claim for some fraudulent concessions granted ln Central China by pro-Japanese officials
who have since been driven out by
Dr. Sun's troops. Hence no sympathy for China is to be expected
from any quarter represented In
the Washington conference except
the United States. 7
Virtually every Chinese in America is an adherent of the Canton
government and is joining in petitions to the State department to
givo recognition to it in the conference here. MiyHughes' opportunity to establish; American prestige
in China by reuniting the north
and south, and thereby evicting
Japan from power at Peking, Is so
obvious that the Chinese are almost confident that he will act.
If he docs not, China will join
Korea and Russia and India In the
list of throttled Eastern nations
over whose tortured necks the
Washington conference will set its
tea-table.
Terrible Punishment b
Meted Out to Political
Offenders
(By The Federated Press)
Washington.—Dr Syngman Rhee,
president of the provincial government of the Republic of Korea,
questioned by The Federated Press
as to the economic issues involved
in the struggle to free Korea from
Japanese occupation, declares that
the Japanese' government opposes
the formation of trade unions In
Korea mainly because it fears their
political Influence.
The question of Independence Is
supreme in the mind of every Korean ln every walk of life," says Dr.
Rhee. "The hatred of the Japanese
for their atrocities and their oppression ls almost as Intense and as
absorbing. The Japanese recognise
this, and for that reason they oppose and, so far as they can, they
prevent "the organization of Koreans for any and every purpose, because they ore afraid that no matter what it is organized for, or what
Its avowed purpose may be, lt will
eventually drift into an anti-Japanese society.
"Th'e total killed In tho first year
of the Independence movement," he
says, "was 7645; wounded, 46,662;
imprisoned, 49,811. The number
of houses burned were 724;
churches burned, 69; schools
burned, S,
"During the period of Japanese
occupation 616,839 Koreans have
been arrested and 'convicted' at one
time or another for so-called political offenses. Of those convicted,
flogging was administered to 278,-
087; and it is safe to say that at
least ten per cent of those flogged-]
died from the severity of the punishment"
These figures Indicate that Ireland, whose case is in a sense parallel to that of Korea, has gotten off
easily under the Blaek-and-Tans.
Nobody has charged that Lloyd
George's Irregulars have flogged to
death 27,000 Irishmen.
Blur ap Phone Seymour 1IH
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Cuny
DENTIST
Suite Ml Dominion Building
VANCOUVER, B. a
Mainland
Cigar Store
S10 OARRALL BTREET
THE PLACE FOB PIPES
BEST VALUE IN THE OTTZ
EUREKA
TEA CO.
SOT DUNSMUIR STREET
Fresh Roasted Coffoo Dally
Teai and Coffee, 3 lbs. (or $1.00 |
and up,
Tho London, England, police
clashed with the unemployed on
Tuesday, ln Trafalgar Square. Batons were used freely, while the
unemployed retaliated with whatever weapons came to their hands.
Including bottles.
IN DEFENCE
To correct any mlfnuAarsUndlag
which may have arista from itete-
moDU made tiy onemlea or rlveli
of tlio Local Branch of the Amel*
gemeted Society ' of Oarputoxi
■nd Jolneri, tbo offloeri of tke
■ocioty ere compelled to annouoi
that they an not aad Dover have
boon under any kind of lupenilej.
from Headquarter*.
(Signed) T. 8. OOOP1.
W. TAYLOR
W. BEAT
F. L. BABHATT.
—HOME.
ALVIN ROOMS
56 CORDOVA ST. E.
Quiet and Reliable
A Working Man's House
All   modern   room*.     Rate!
reasonable.
"FELLdW-WORKEJP
O. J. Mengel
Write* aU classes of insurance. Representing only first*
class Board companies. If inaurance la wanted, write or
phone Sey. 662«.
Offloe address, 711 Board of
Trado Bldg., yanoonrcr, B.CL
British workers are showing
signs of impatience with the safe
and sane labor leaders who play
the game of the ruling class. Last
week end Arthur Henderson and
J H Thomaa were both refused a
hearing at a labor conference at
Sheffield, while Ramsay Macdonald
met a similar reception in Glasgow.
CASH OR
CREDIT
Furniture Store
Wo want you to come to
this store with confidence
that you can buy Furniture, Carpets and Linoleum at lower prices u4
better terms.
No
for
Greater   Opportunity
tho    Working    Men
BUY IN Tins STORE
REMEMBER THE
HOME
FURNITURE
STORE
416 Main Street
Phono Sey, 1_»7
MENTION THE FEDEBA.
TIONIS1 and (et your 10
per cent, discount.
Greateit Stock of
Furniture
In Greater Vancouvet
Replete in every detail
41 Hastings Stroet West
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
uu OH-fis nnw _
Bandar services, 11 a.n. ui T.SO PJB»1
Sander school immediately follow-0l]
morning oerrioo. YVedneedor testUnoniaM
meeting, a p.m. Free tending teem.,
I0M0I   Birks   Bids. '
Yon may wish to help Tlie Fed-I
cr a tlontet. You can do so by renew-]
ins your subscription promptly andl
sending in tho subscription of youn
friend or neighbor.
COWAN ts BROOKHOUSE
PUNTHBI, FUBLISHEBS, SIE1BO-
TSTEBS AND BOOKBINDEBS
112* HOWE STREET
Union Offleleis, writ, for prlcee.   «
glra BATIBrACTIOH,
UNION MAN I
In that dark hour when sympathy and beet service count m
much—call up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
SSS KINGSWAY, VANCOUVEB i
Phone Fairmont SS
Prompt Ambulance Service
WINTER IS COMING
Bargains In Working Clothing.
grey military  .....„.$1,85
Men's Black Shirts from..$1.25
Blue Chambray Shirts $1.25
MEN'S OVERALLS
Double knee and seat, brown
khaki  ..  $2.50
Heavy   blue   denim,    double
sown  42.00
Heavy    black    denim,    high
waist „ $2.00
MEN'S    WORK    BOOTS    IN
ALL THE POPULAR
MAKES
Leckie's, Ahrlns, Dayfootsanfl
Hydro City from, palr....$5.00
It ls better to look over our
stock and see the quality, then
decide.
Fine boots for city or country
wear, in good variety.
STANFIELD'S UNDERWEAR
Qreen   Label,   suit   $3.50
Red Label, suit MM
Blue Label, suit  $5.50
Black Label, suit  $0.50
MEN'S RUBBER GOODS ARU
REDUCED IN PRIOE IN
ALL LINES
Hip Boots $7.50
Three-quarter Boots  $0,50
Knee Boota $5.50
Laced Boots $4.0*
Baincoats in Block
Long  „ $0.0$
Medium ................ . $5.00
Short  _ .$8.00
Olive
Long	
Medium .'...—..	
Short     .$4.00
..$7.50
..$0.50
W. B. Brummitt
18 and 20 Cordova Street West
and 444 Main Street
EMPIRE CAFEJ
AND GRILlT"
"A Good Placo to Eat"
HASTINGS AND COLUMBIA
MEETDJO FBOVmoiAL DEEDS
Tbe grent lncreue la Ue nnmber
of telephone station! la thin province mesne (hst the telephono nk-.
foriber _ nblo to rench mnny mors
people by wire, nnd consequently has
eerrico Is of greater vnlue. During
the put yenr or two, expulsion hu
been marked In all parte of Vancou-
vor Island and tho Lower Mainland,
but adequate facilities havo beon Installed, both in regard to outside
plant and Inside equipment, to moot
the needs of the various communitiea.
The objeot of the company is to give 1
a telephone servico second to non*. f
BBITISH COLUMBIA TELEPH0M1
COIL-AUT '
BB SUBB YOU GET
VAN BROS.
WHEN YOU ASK FOB
-CIDER-
and Non-alcohollo wince of aU j
UNION MEN'S ATTENTION FRIDAT...
—O. tober. T. 1.21
thirteenth YBA«. no. »  tHE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouveb. r o
PAGE THREfc \
See Me Now
About Your Teeth
Now Aat the autumn days are so inviting, it's a
pleasure to come down town and enjoy the air—
and at the same time to accomplish the duties
which winter "may make more difficult. Don't
overlook your teeth—proper and needed attso.
.   ■   tion will put your mind at ease.
I can offer most attractive prices—the absolute
, •      minimum   for   thoroughly   satisfactory   work.
Fhone me—Sey. 3331—and ah appointment will
be arranged at your convenience.
, Dr. BRETT
ANDERSON
802 HASTINOS ST. W.
Comer Seymour
PHONE SEYMOUR SMI
Offlce Open Tuesday and Fridaf
Evenings
Appearance
I give special regard to
good appearance—my Expression Work Is distinctively Individual.
DB. BBETT ANDEBSO-T,  formerly member of tho honlty of ths
College of Dentistry, University of Southern California, Lecturer
i on Grown and Bridgework, Demonstrator in Platework snd Opera-
|  tive Dentistry, Loeal and General Anaastheela.
Victory Boqds Accepted at Par for Dental Work
Chicago — Forty-seven strikebreakers omployed as boxmakers
at the Chicago stockyards have had
fingers, hands or arms cut off
through Ignorant or careless handling of the machines by non-union
labor In the two weeks the box-
makers' strike has been on, Tbe
doctors ln the yards district are reported to be doing a rushing business in industrial accidents.
Try your neighbor for a subscription.
Help Famine Stricken Workers and Peasant*
IN SOVIET RUSSIA
TWENTY MILLION OF OUB DROUGHT-STRICKEN
COMRADES,  WORKERS  AND  PEASANTS  IN
SOVIET RUSSIA CALL FOR OUR ASSISTANCE
How Much Will Yon Give to Help Them?
Will you feed 100 children today at a cost of only 5 per
cent, per child t
A Total Contribution of _ (5.00
Will yon feed 20 families today st a cost of only 25 per
cent, per family)
A Total Contribution of  ...$5.00
Will you feed 10 families today, at a oost of only 25 per
cent, per family!
A Total Contribution of   .$2.50
Will you feed 20 children today at a cost of only 5 per
cent, per child f
A Total Contribution of $1.00
YOU MUST GIVE ALL YOU OAN AND GIVE AND
GIVE AGAINI
Send All Remittances to
THE  FAMINE  RELIEF  COMMITTEE  FOR  THB
DROUGHT-STRICKEN IN SOVIET RUSSIA,
F. O. Box 3591, Station B, Winnipeg, Man.
Secretary, Miss A. Schnlte
Form branches everywhere, and affiliate with the
Central Office at the above addreu.  Collect funds, grain,
etc., and ship to the Central Committee, advising when
having done so.
For Twenty Tears ws bare issued this Union Stamp fer uae under ou
VOLUNTARY  ARBITRATION CONTRACT
OUB STAMP INSURES!
Peacetol Collect.*! Bargaining
Forbids Both Strike* and .. »kontl
Dispute! Settled by Arbitrate
Steady Employment wd Skilled WorknunHdf
Prompt DeUverlei to Dealers aad Publlo
Peace and Success to Workera and Employen
Prosperity of Shoe Making Communities
Ai loyal union men ud women, wa aak
yon to demand shoes bearing tlie abet*
Union Stamp oa Sole, Insole or Lining.
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
246 SUMMER STREET, BOSTON, MASS,
Coins lovely, Oeneral Preildent    Oharlei L. Balne, Oeneral Sec.-Treas.
UNIOV MADH
KEEP YOUR
MONEY AT HOME
VANCOUVER BREWERIES
Limited
Fresh Out Flow«r«, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Flute
Ornamental tnd Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
IXOEISTS AND HUBSBSTMEN
8—8T0EE8-S
IS Hastings Street Bait 728 OranvUle Street
Seymour 888-672 Soymour 961S
The 1 M.T. 1 Loggers' Boot
HaU orders personally attended te
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and An Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to R. VOS A SON
.    63 CORDOVA STBEET WEST, VANCOUVER, B. a
Noxt Door to Loggers' HaU
Pbone Seymour .056 Repairs Don. While Ton Wall
Cascade Beer is made in Vanconver by Vancouver men. Last year $200,000 waa paid in
Vancouver for making Cascade Beer.
The plant in which Cascade is brewed is the
most modern in Canada. No expense has been
spared to turn out a pure, wholesome, full
Btrength beer. There are no flat bottles ill Cascade Beer.
Lumber Workers'    >
.__    News and Views
Rice, {per lb. .
geBf,.per lb.
COAST NOTES '
Tbe situation In tbe lumber Industry continues to improve, but
there la hardly yet tune for thii
Improvement to make itself felt in
the state of the organiiation. There
It every indication of conditions
be(ng better this winter than they
were in the summer, and if the
lumber workers will only recover
from their attack of sleeping sickness, tbere is yet hopes of them
being able to obtain a living wage. |
An .organizer is on the way up
the coast, and he will endeavor to
arouse- the loggers from their deadly state of apathy. The boss has
had their goats for so long that
they don't realize that the time le
ripe for getting the boss* goat; they
are like the sheep who will follow
their leader over a gate, and will
continue to Jump after the gate is
removed. They are still scared of
the boas, when there li nothing to
be scared of.
That organization succeeds In
maintaining a decent standard of
living, we have only to go to the
Labor Gazette to prove, and Giddy
Robertson's department can never
be accused of lying on the side of
Labor.
The Labor Gazette for September gives a comparison between
wages paid ln Sept., 1920, and
June, 1921, and in every Instance it
shows that organization 'even of a
reactionary character, has succeeded in preventing great reductions
of wages, and ln some cases,
brought Increases.
What do we flnd la the case with
the loggers? They have gone, to
sleep at the switch, and they have
suffered greater reductions of
wages than any other .class of La;
bor, despite the revolutionary Aura
that has surrounded them in the
past.
Many of them are still sleeping
in pig pens and packing their beds
on their backs, and quite a few are
falling for the boss' skin game, and
accepting longer hours in order to
get away from reduced wages..
While the slaves are sleeping in
mu-Hjle-loadlng, bunks, their masters are building houses for their
own use, that would house the
slaves of an ordinary logging camp.
The latest one is a home for Mr.
King, of the King Farris Lumber
Co. For the last three months,
many slaves have been busily en'
gaged ln building a house at McKay for this Individual, that is reported to cost in the neighborhood
of f 18,000, and tho slaves in his
camp are'still packing their blankets, and many of them are spending the major portion of their Uvea
ln blasting stumps ln order to get
a shack to lay down and die ln. It
is high time that the slaves of the
camps took a tumble, and built A
few decent houses for themselves,
instead of going to Bleep and let?
ting the boss put lt all over them,
It ls their next move, and they
b«,d better move quickly.   S
Slater'!
Big Stores
IpedsJ leiirer-M tree el chug, te
EM Bn_ Hutings Tomsita, Via-
_*»** ™«!"«. ataamy, Ttem
Atom, Vlctoris Drln, _____ Street,
Jsirrte* Wist Arenoes, Feint Orer,
Wut Sol
I Hsstton St. E. Pheae Ser. 8288
130 Onu-rtUs Street.   Phene 8er. 86,
-260 Msln street.   Phene Mi. nss
11S1 Qr-nrllle at.   Phone Ser. 61_»
SPECIALS ro* FBIDAT A_TD
SATUBDAT
lit SPECIAL
Carnetloa Milk,  large   tins,
 for —..„«.	
tire I
.260
ted SPECIAL
Borden's Esjle Milk,  9 for .....
Vietor
1>H.
3rd SPECIAL
Seeded      Raisins,
«_ SPECIAL
4-lb. tine Fore Raspberry Jam —830
6th SPECIAL
Finest Pure Dutch Cocoa, la 1-lb.
sealed bags .   .... 2Sc
8th SPECIAL
Slater's Famous Red Label Tea, per
pound ....—. ___........„_ 420
MEAT    DEPABTMENT
We are putting on sale on Friday
aud Saturday 1000 lbs. of gen*
uine Prime ltibs of Beef (go.-
ernment   inspected),    out   Old
Oountry style, from, lb, 160
Those are the finest roasta obtain*
able. Look theso ovor before
buying your Sundny roast.
POBK
.Slater's Famous Pork Shoulder.,
woight from 4 to 7 lbe., lb. 22 l-2c
Slater'a Famous Pot Roasta from,
lb _ 10c
Slater'a  Famous  Ovan  Roaata  from,
lb.  ,  10o
Boiled Prime Short Ribs, lb 20c
Slater'a Famons Rump Roasta from,
lb. 22.
VEAL
Veal Stew, 2 lba. for
Veal Shoulders, lb.
Veal Loins, lb.	
Veal  Lege,   lb	
_ 25o
_   181-20
_ 260
_ .220
LAMB SPECIAL
Lamb Stew, 2 lbs. for	
Lamb   Shoulders,   lb.   	
J.itmb   Loins,  lb.  _™  „
L^nb Logs, lb. . .._..___„,
PROVISION DEPABTMENT
Slater's   Famous   Albert*   Cream*
•ry Butter,  8 lbs.  for ....|1.18
From 7 arm, lo 11 a.m.  Saturday.
Slater's    Famous    Plonla
 from, lb, ..._ 	
Hams,
Mi-go
B. O. Fresh Eggs, dosen  S6o
Slater's     Sugar     Cared      Sliced
Bacon, lb, .._ 36c, 40c, 16c
Finest Compound Lard, I lbs. for.,35c
ALL TO BE HAD AT AST Or
Slater's
Four Big Stores
IMPORTANT
Anyone knowing the whereabouts
of either Horry Wlllet or lldward
Howard please communicate with
Headquarters, 81 Cordovs St. W\,
Vancouver. The case of Howard la
Important. If anyone has either
met or seen him since April, 1920,
please write to this office. He
formerly worked at Burnett's camp,
Mackenzie Sound; and previous to
tbat time wu working at Nelson,
B. a
Foster Explains
Monetary System
(Continued from page 1)
ary mottoes, and gets in return
large quantities of grain, cattle and,
other commodities vitally needed
by the army, city dwellers, etc. The
essence of the exchange ls that the
government puts In a little printed matter and takes out great
masses of substantial products,
Hake Up Defeats
Last year this process netted the
government 260,000,000 gold rubles
worth of commodities. And thus,
ln fact, the deficits In the national
budget have been made up every
year aince thb revolution. What
the Government has been- unable
to realize from the output of Its
nationalized industries and from
direct levleB ln kind upon the independent 'producers lt has alwaya
made up by the "sale" of its paper
money. Through the medium of
the monetary system it has been
able to extract Indirectly from the
money-loving petty bourgeois elements great masses fcf supplies
which, with all Its armed power,
it could hardly take from them dlf
reotly by taxation.
Of course the peasants
other Independent producers —{
ject to the flood of paper money
and at each fresh torrent of It
they-hastily raise prices accord,
ingly. But they are always too
late. The scientific Socialists at the.
head of the Oovernment under-'
stand the laws of economics far
better than they .and are always
able to take from the "money market" the tax so necessary to the
and
ob|
Women's
Ailments
coNsui/r
Drs. Dumas and
Laura Flynn
Specialists
X-Ray and Electro-
Tberupeutists
709-11 nOLI>EN BUILDING
16 Haatings Street Eawt
Pimm- Soy. 5919L
country's maintenance. Because
of this fact, because it is a very
potent means of malting the non-
revolutionary elements contribute
taxes, Communist financial experts consider the issuance o'f
paper money as a most important
revolutionary weapon, especially
In agricultural countries. Indeed,
without, it the Government probably would have collapsed long
ago.
Ruble Depreciates
Naturally the phenomenal increase In the volume of money
fn circulation has brought about
an enormous depreciation ln the
value ot the ruble. Before the
war two rui-Ies eqalled an American dollar; now it takes 30,000
rubles to buy one. In other words
the ruble has fallen 15,000 times
in value. In capitalist countries
such an abysmal depreciation of
the currency would completely
destroy the financial system and
paralyze everything. But in Russia,
where moat of the industries are
nationalized and thus freed from
the influence of financial control, no
such effect is produced. The principal result is a constant depreciation which seems to have no limit.
But the Oovernment feels no great
alarm about this. So long as Its
printing presses are in working or
der and the supply of rags holds
out lt will "get by" and make Its
necessary "proflt" from the money
market. As fast as the money falls
in value It increases the number
and denominations of the notes
printed.
Discussing this phase of the financial situation, the people's com'
missloner for finance says, In the
work above cited: "In 1817 a ko
peck was still a reality, lt was still
possible to buy something for fifty
kopecks. In 1918 the ruble played
the part of the kopeck. In 1910
not only was the word 'kopeck' forgotten, but the word 'ruble' as e
unit of calculation was replaced by
ten rubles. In 1920 the real unit
of calculation was the hundred and
the thousand—the ones and^tho
tens disappeared. In 1921 the
actual unit is the thousand and the
live,thousand. But when will all
this come to an end? When will
our paper currency) fall? It ls obvious that the failure cannot be
brought about solely through the
increase of naughts on our paper
money notes. Here tho difficulties
are purely technical. For lessening
the number of naughts the throe
naughts ln 1,000 can be substituted
by the letter "T" (thousand), and
we can thus print paper money
notes In 10T, 100T, 1000T, and so
on. Further, wq can replace the
naughts In the "f series by the lot-
tef 'M' (Million) and print IM, 10-
M, 100M, etc. For tho llfetimo In
our currency the existing mathematical denotations of ciphers will
suffice and should they not be sufflclent others can be invented."
The enormous depredation of the
ruble has naturally sont prices skyrocketing In the realm of competitive products. The following, now
prevailing in the "freo" retail markets of Moscow, are typloal:
Butter, per lb     29,000 rubles
Sugar, por Ib     36(000     "
Potatoes, per lb       1,000     "
Flour, per lb.        1,725     "
15,00©     "
10,000     *'*'•
16,000     *
_____________________________    80*001)     M
read, per lb. ._™.      8,000     "     |
Eggs, each       1,200     "
'Herring, each .„.„.      1,800     "
Hairpins, each .._._.       1,000      "
Common pins, eaoh 200     "
Shoes, pair    450,000     "
Clothes, suit . ....1,000.000     "
Thread, spool       6,000     "
foap, toilet  „     20,000      "
loap, laundry     16,000     "
Translated into terms of American money /'upon the basis of 30,-
000 rubles to one dollar) many of
these prices are very high. This Is
because of the severe shortage of
commodities that haa been brought
about by the crisis In production.
Thus butter in Moscow costs 97
oents per pound, sugar, $1.16; tea,
$2.67; rice, 50 cents, etc. On the
other hand, some of the staples are
comparatively oheap, flour retailing
at 18 cents per pound; bread, 10
cents; beef, 40 cents,'and pork, 60
cents. In 1914 bread coat less than
three kopecks per pound. Its rate
of increase ln price Is opproxiraate*
ly 1,000,000 per cent This Is considerably less than for commodities
generally.
Wipes Out Money Wage
A pronounced effect of these altl-
tudlnous and constantly soaring
prices has been to practically wipe
out tho money wares of the workers. It has been found impossible
to keep changing these In accordance with the rapidly changing
prices. In order to understand the
situation, however. It must be borno
in mind that the Russian Industrial
workera at the present time get
rent, clothes, food, and other necessities free from tho Oovernment
The money wages they receive ara
merely for them to eko out tho
Government rations by buying
wherever they can in the open market. Tese money wages range from
4,000 to 20,000 rubles per month.
The Communist pasty has a standing rule that none of its membera
may receivo moro than 13,600
rubles per month, which limits the
people's commissars (the cabinet
of Russia) to that Insignificant sum
-■■'now worth about forty-five cents.
Some non-party industrial experts,
however, are paid as much aa 750,-
000 rubles per month.
From tho price list submitted It
evident that wagea of even 20,-
000 rubles per month have a ne-
glible purchasing power, and aa it
has been out of tho question to
keep the schedule adjusted to the
varying price ratea, the Government haa adopted a new policy of
paying the workera their wages (In
addition to their regular supplies)
in the article they produce, so far
(as the nature and condition of Industry will permit These products
the workers then trade ofl through
the cooperatives, either to the peasants for foodstuffs, or to other
groups of workers for clothes,
shoes, etc. Thua, so far aa possible,
they i are protected from the mild
prloo, fluctuations in tho "freo"
markets, and yet enabled to tako
advantage of whatever commodities these markets havo to offer.
Although Russian revolutionists
often smile at the antics of their
money system and the way lt yields
them so much support still they
understand very well tho disadvantages of Inflating the currency.
They know that a tremendous amount of Russian production (mostly
agricultural) Is still carried on
upon a competitive, Independent
basis, and that for this to take
place to the best advantage a stable
monetary system is absolutely necessary. If they have weakened
that medium of exchange lt haa
only been under the pressure of extreme revolutionary necessity.
Already the keen economists at
the head of the Russian Govern'
ment aro worltnlg out plana to rehabilitate it But this can prob-
ably never be accomplished fully
until the industrial crisis ls solved
until the workers in the nationalized industries have great surpluses
of goods on hand to trade off with
the independent producers—the
peasants principally. When that
time comes, and come It will In the
near future, the question of a medium of exchange, whether of money,
labor checks, or what not, will be a
mere detail to bo worked out at
leisure.*
Joe Knight Gives
His Views on Russia
(Continued Irom pago 1)
HELL OF A Uf
Economists Say
Wages Have Fallen
(Continued from page 1)
206.6 in 1918. Ths buying powsr
of money had decreased more rap-
Idly than wages had Increased,
When the Index of real wages was
elitboratod for full time weeks lt
was found that the 99.4 of 1890 had
gone down to 70.4 ln 1918.
Concerning this, the authors
declare that "th. purchasing
powor of the established week's
work ln 1918 was from 20 to St
per cent, less than In the 90's,
and from 10 to 20 per cent, less
than ln 1916."
Find Answer.
After establishing to thoir entire
satisfaction that th. worker today
receives less remuneration than
was paid ln 1890 for a given
amount of servlc. th. economists
believe that they have found the
answer to prevailing discontent and
unrest. In spite of many optimistic statements to the contrary, life
for the average worker becomes
more difficult and burdensome.
Another important service has
boen performed by these studonts
in attacking the hackneyed charge
that the workers slacked during
the war.
"American Labor as a whole,"
they say, "cannot legitimately b.
charged with having profiteered
during the war, Rathor, Uk.
A'llco In Wonderland, it was cmo-
polled to run faster to stay in th.
same place."
The purpose of this extended inquiry was to provide positive facts
upon which might be determined,
ln the view of the authors, whether
there is not a fatal weakness ln
the contention of employers who
hold that the liquidation of labor
must precode economic recovery.
The unemotional statistics available
reveal, its insincerity and baselessness.
The offect of this Important contribution will be to tear down tho
mountain of propaganda ll_s that
have been dlssemlnatod by interests that are concerned sololy in
further lowering the standards of
workors, until thoy "havo finally
reached the unsocial strata of absolute beggary."—World, CaJ,
the children, th. Red Army and
the artist-. Th. solldersgetenousrh
to "keep them physically nt.,. For
in that Bed army they see their
revolution to safe." The •rtlatsi get
more, also. "Th. Russian people
say: 'We must hav. our artists.'
And so they, too, are well fed."
I used to think I knew something about music," Knight continued. "I hav. attended a few
operas her. ln Canada, but I never
heard music until I was lo Russia.
I can never express it. but lf you
oould only hear a Russian choir, a
Russian opera, or see a Russian
ballet, you would have experienced
something greater, nobler, than
ever you hav* in any capitalist
cursed country."
Artist, who oould command fortunes for appearances ln other
countries, stay behind and entertain their owa people, he said.
"They say. 'Our people suffer, we
must suiter, too/ At the end, of It
performance the audience applaud,
th. performers, and th. perfom
ers applaud th. audience, and
shout Tovarish," Tovarlsb' (Com
rade.) It to beautiful." Plays ot
Russian peasant life ar. presented,
and large orchestras of soma 00 to
70 pieces furnish muslo.
The Bed Army and Kronstadt
. "I spok* of th. R.d army. Let
m. tell you something about lt I
reached Moscow Just after the
crushing of th. counter-revolution.
The counter-revolutionists, headed
by Kerensky, aided by outside capitalists, got control of Kronstadt,
a strongly fortified fortress on an
Island, which waa thought Impregnable. Its guns swept th. ocean
for miles; foreign navies wer. kept
at bay. And this fortress, which
had been on. of the bulwarks of
th. revolution had fallen Into the
hands of tha enemies ot Russia,"
The speaker said h. roomed for
throe week, with a commander ln
the Red army who relatod to him
the tragic, yet wondrously glorious,
story of how Kronstadt was token.
When th. news of Kronstadt'.
meeting reached Moscow a coll
was sent out "Within two hours
Moscow's call was answered. Every
Communist .very Red army soldier available, was steaming out of
Moscow, picking up at every station eager volunteers to serve the
revolution." Several of the former
Czar's generals, who wer. serving
the .Soviets, declared that it was
impossible to take Kronstadt. They
were afraid to assume the responsibility for th. terrible less of lit.
which would result in th. attempt.
"It cannot be done," they said,
"the world would bgand us as
crazy." It was then that the members of th. Communist Party stepped forward. "Kronstadt ls in the
hands of th. counter-revolutionists.
It must b. won," they cried. "Who
will tak. ltt W. will tak* It'*
Pell ia Tho mauds.
Immediately all th. available
whit, cloth waa procured and with
all th. soldiers covered In white,
they marched to the coast Then
one dark night they started over
the frozen ocean, their white garments making them Inconspicuous.
Their only arms were rifles; opposing them the massive gun. of the
fortress. Thousands and thousands
of them poured across the white
surface of th. frozen water, aided
by their cavalry. Then! Thoy were
sighted! "Hell, indeed broke loose!"
By the hundreds, and by the thousands they fell! Heroes of the revolution Indeed! Too latel Onward
crashed the Red cavalry, around
them were their comrades falling,
hundreds and hundreds, the guns
of the mighty fortress blasting
their bodies into myriad threads,
but they reached the fortress Just
ln time. The balance of the army
arrived just as the cavalry were
marching out the prisoners, Kronstadt was taken! Ah! but at what
cost? Eleven thousand soldiers of
the revolution lay in heaps upon
the ice. Through tt all clicked the
moving picture cameras. Fourteen
of the operators wore killed. Only
three survived. Only:; when these
pictures are shown us, shall we realize the greatness of their sacrifice. What a spirit! "They enter-
od that fcht knowing lt was a million to one chance of their ever
surviving, but Kronstadt was wanted by the world revolution and it
was takon—and the Czar's generals
knelt down ln the streots and kissed the flag of the Soviet government in reverence. That'army is
made up of that kind of stuff, commanded by young men betweon the
ages of 23 to 80, brilliant, sharp as
whips. If the capitalist class over
attacks the Russian revolution, for
every life they take they will have
to lose one; and they will have to
walk over the rotting bodies of
millions of Russians."
"Think what lt must be like now
the famine has struck thom," tho
speaker said, "They are willing to
sacrifice a little moro, a little more
for you. Russia's strength is your
strength. What you give to Russia
you are not giving to Russia, you
aro paying her back, and In tho day
ot your struggle Russia will be
thero. She needs your holp. Sho
has paid the price. Is shs to pay
it in vain?"
The speech was concluded with
an appeal for famine relief. Comrades are urgod to donate as liberally aa they can.
Internal Struggle in the
United Mine Worken
Is Predicted
(By The Federated Prasa)
Columbus, Kan.—Cheers ' from
loyal miners of th. Kansas dlstriot, U. M. W. ot A., w.r. th.
greetings to Alexander If. Howat
preaident, and August Dorchy, vice-
president,, of the district u they
entered Jail Friday to serve six
months for their alleged contempt
of th. Kansas Industrial Court
"We say that the Kansas Industrial
Court law to a hell of a law," declared Howat ln a apeech to thousands of mlnsrs who had gathered
from all sections of the district Br
night hs and Dorohy wer. In cells, |
and th. miners bad definitely refused to go back to ^ork until thslr
release had been effected.
Th. action of Howat and Dorchy
was taken In defllance of th. mi
data of the Indianapolis convontion,
Just as thsy promised It would be.
Th* immediate result lt to i
eland, will he an Internal struggIs
ln th. ranks of th. miners. Alraady
charges are being mad. that th*
order ot President Lewis and th*
executive board, that th* Kansas
miners call off their strlk*, was
supported by delegates who did not
reflect th. wishes of their locals.
Th* Jail term was chosan by
Howat and Dorchy In pr.fer.nes to
signing a bond hot to call any mora
strikes until their cass had been
passed upon by fht United Statu
Supreme Court They ar* attack,
Ing th. validity of th* Kansas In,
dustrial Court law.
Refuses to Heed
International
 (Continued trom page 1)
w»   -„-_r______
Bight Hen in Vinoonve*
—ihe equal In ssyia and sua
ness ef any offeraq la Oaaaafc
■alto.   Drum.   0_>«s,   He. aja
Uteel style-—Ue ssurtsrt Brisk-*
sn tk. sew ehsles   iwsiWi lass
fer your ekMstng.
W. efsr tbese _ ___
•KtSH  V*    #M|    0Slt_n
su tke ■mieCei's nteSat,
Famous
Cloak * Snit Co.
*lt H-JTCTOS ST.. At
DRUGLESS
HEALING
ssys Or. else. Msy., If. D„ la tls
best this* Must hu usee 1st. tk*
Uf. .f Ue present.
W. J. DOWNIE
UIIPBAOTZO PHTSIOIAH
tt Charge ef Downle Saaitarta___,
UL, 1M1 Standard leik
Uy. on     High. tlStt
fn Kansaa and wo don't propose to
surrender now."
Tho West Virginia delegation In
tho main, supported the admlnlitratlon In the vote. Dlstriot 17,
which Includes Mingo County,
voted 242 to SS against Howat
As a final word before leaving
the convention city on his way to
Jail ht Kansas, Howat declared the
delegates had been misled Into believing he Ijad violated his contract
Ho reiterated the blame in that respect rested upon tho operators
and that when, ln tho caae of the
Dean mine, he attempted to tako
tho matter up with the superintendent the latter refused to talk to
him about it and that thero his responsibility ended. Ho said tho
contract &T& not provido tkat ho
must seek other avenues of arbitration in such an event oa stated
by International officers.
It Is possible that Dlstriot Umay
be suspended if Howat continues In
his defiance of tbe convention aetion. When asked what ho would
do In that event Howat said ho did
not care what action the international took,, that ho proposed to
protect his men against Invasion of
their rights as guaranteed by tha
federal coal award.
(By The Federated Press)
Seattle,—The release of Emil
Herman, former State secretary of
the Socialist party, Is expected any
day, according to rumors reaching
here from his friends In Washington, D. C. Herman was imprisoned
in 1917 for anti-militarist agitation
and given a ten-year sentence to
McNeil's Island penitentiary, where
he Is now head baker.
The Seattle and Everett Central
Labor Councils have been instrumental in securing the signatures of
thousands of workers praying President Harding for Herman's release.
Buy at a union store.
Vancouver Unions
VANCOUVER TRADEB AND LABOR
COUNCIL—President, R. W. Hstley;
secroUrjr, J, O. Smith. Uteti Srd Wed-
neadftr each montk In tbe Pender Hellr
eorner of Pender tad How* itreoU.
Phono Bey. 281
New Tork—A national convention In the near future to Iaunch*a
new revolutionary political party
will be called by the American Labor Alliance, it Is announced. The
Alliance, founded several weeks
ago by Labor organizations and individuals interested in the organization of the American Labor Alliance as a political party of class-
conscloue workers to ~write the national offices of the Alllanco, addressing "The Provisional Executivo Committee, American Labor
Alliance, 201 West Thirteenth St.,
New Tork City."
Tho provisional executive committeo has decided to charter directly city locals and thus provide
for a direct dues-paying membership. This step is taken, It is announced, In response to requests
from all parts of tho country.
Bartlett, Texaa,—Mayor Stanton
Allen has threatened to arrest all
masked men who will attempt to
participate in an advertised parado
of the Ku Klux Klan. This announcement was made following
tho discovery of posted notices that
the Ku Klux Klan would shortly
hold a parade here.
ALLIED   PRINTINO   TRADES   COUN-
cil—Mefts    eecond    Monday    is    tb*
rnonth.    Preflidcnt,  J.  R.  White;   leere-
Ury, R. H. Ncelande, P. O. Box 90.
BRICKLAYERS AND MASONS—If   yon
need  brlcklayen or mwom for boiler
worki,   etc.,   or   marble   aettera,   pbone
Bricklayers'  Union,  Labor Temple.
CANADIAN NATIONAL UNION Of EX-
SERVICE mea meeta aecond and
fourth Wednesdaya of each month, at 01
Cordora 3t \V., at 8 p.n. Jaa. Fart-ham,
Sec retary-Trt'aa urer.	
GENERAL WORKERS' UNIT OF TH«
O. B. U,—Preildent, E. Andre; iecretary, W. Service. Meeti 2nd and «tb
Wednetday In each month ln Pender Hall,
cor, of Pender and Howe itrcitf. Phon*
Sey.   201. 	
HOISTING AND PORTABLE ENOI-
neers, Local 840-- Interna.iunal Union
of Steam and Operating Engineer! meeti
every 2nd and 4th Friday at 8 p.m., 810
Pender Street Wait. U. Riley, 2034
Mabon Avenue, North Vancouver; secretary, P. Bradley, 1783 Mcbpadden Stroet,
Vancouver, B. O.
INTERNATIONAL LUNGSHOREMKiVa
Aiioclatlon, Looal ' 8S-62—Offloa and
hall 163 Cordova St. W. Meeta first
tnd third Frideyi, I p.in, Secretar/*
treasurer, T, Niion; bualuen aisnt, P.
Sinclair.
INTERNATIONAL JEWELRY WORK-
era' Union—Meets 2nd and 4th Mondays. Pycsldent, 3. E. Dawson, 1845 Yew
St., Kitsllano; seoretary, E. T. Kolly,
1850 Hastings St. E,; recording nocretary.
L. Holdsworth, 530—14th St. W., North
Vancouver.
LUMBER WORKERS' INDUSTRIAL
UNION OF CANADA—Ajj Industrial union of all workera la logging and construction camps. Coast District and Qoneral Headquarters, 01 Oordova St. W., Vancouver, B. 0. Phona Boj.
7858. J. M. Clarke, general aeeretary*
treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Macdonald A Co., Vancouver. B. O.j auditor*,   Messrs.  Buttar A  Chun*,  Vancou-
MARINE FIREMEN AND OILERS'
Union of British Columbia—Meeting
night, flrst and third Wednesday of each
month at luB Main Rtreut. Preiidotit,
Dan Carlin; vico-preaidont, J. Whiting;
socrcary-trcKRuror, W. Donaldion. Address, 108 Main Street, Vaneonver, B. 0,
Victorin Branch Agent's address, W,
Francis, 567 Johnson St., Victoria, B. O.
MOVING PICTURE MACHINE OPERATORS UNION, LOCAL 848, I.A.T.S.E
—AffUintrd with Trades and Labor Council and Theatrical Federation, Vancouvor.
President, J. It. Foster; secretary and
treasurer, Locksloy Clark, P. O. Boi 345.
Ofllce and meeting room, 310 London
Building, Pendor St. W. Regular nu_.
Ing night, first Sunday In each month at
7:80'P-m. Business Agont, W. Wool-
ridgo.    Phone Frnser 287L.	
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, DECO-
rstors and PapDrhangorfl of America,
Local 188, Vancourer—Meet* 2nd and
4th Thursdnyi at 148 Cordova St. W.
Phone Sey. 8401. Buslnesi agent, R. A.
Barker.
O, B. U. UNIT PILE DRIVERS, WOOD-
We have lately   added   «S,6*0
(hr* thotiaod Iw  hundred  tUb
Un') worth of b*w equipment Is
ady extensive plant.   CUaf
amongst thai* an th* AJjta* Su
UlSB
Lamp and tha
thai    introducing
VIOLET BAT t*
Dr. haa. O. Donnelly, staler «w
tWp*dl* sargeoa CrltUnton Hoe*
tat, layst "Th* lamp liberate*
..ame whita th* body my absorb. TU hemoglobin absorb* the
ultra violet ray* fr**ly fa absorbing 11. Carbon dloxM* fa br*_m
down aad th* oxygen content ai
th* hemoglobin li increased. TMi
parilMtioa of th* Mo*4 impr-ma
health." He farther states n
rheumatica: "Pain ta genoral l»
relieved. Thla Ia eapoaiaUy ueUeed
la rheumatism, nemrltta, joint aid
' i injurloa, ate."
THIS 18 WET Wl DTBTALLD
THEiB LAMPS
SOSKIN & CHOSE
Barrlstera, Solicitor* Notarial
Telephone Sey. 2401
Bum Block, IS Hafttnft Sa. Ti
Vanconvef, B. C
COAL
TA1B SOOTLBM
AND
NANAIMO
Kindling Free
CANADIAN WOOD AMD
OOAL OOMPAHT
1U0 GH-LNVILLK Sex. SIN
KIRK'S
Guaranteed Coal
Means—
If our coal is not satis,
factory to yon, after yd
hav* thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
coal ia left and charge yot
nothing for what yon hav*
used.
Ton to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
LIMITED
929 Main Street
Phones Sermour 1-141 and del
•a Bridgemen, Derrlchmen and Xlgfesa
of Vancouver and vicinity, lleeta even
Monday, g p.m., In o. B. V. Hall, 104
Pender St, W, Prciidenl, W, Tsolterl
flnanolal seeretary and business agent Ct
Anderson. Pbone Beytnoar 291.
CANADIAN   HOCJIKTY   Of   CKRTIPID
HTEAM KNtilNKKRS LOCAL No. 1
New Westminster, meete every first aaa
third Friday la the Labor Temple, Royal
Avenue and 7th Street. Engineer* eop
plied.    Addresi   Seoretary,   1040  Haw
-- - - - ■ -    b, a
ton   Streak   New"wHtaaWte_.r
Phone 50ST.
8TH-.KT AND f-L.-CTKIU RAILWAY
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. Ml
—Meeti A. O. Y. Hall, atonal Pleeiaet,
1st and Srd Mondaya at 10.16 a.m. aal I
p.tn. President, t. A. Hoover, 2400 Cleifa
Drive; recording-secretary, F. JE. OrlBa
447-- -6th Avenne »V.stK; treasurer, B. |
Cleveland; financial-secretary and em
nesa agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4800 bam
trine Street; ofllce corner Prior aad Hail
Sti.   Phone Fair 8604R,	
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 82*—
Meeta last Sunday ot each month al
2 p.m. President, O. H. Collier; rl*e>
presidont, E. H. Gongh; aeeretatrf
treuorer, R. H. Neelanda, Bos 88.
WORKERS' COUNCIL. VANCOUVH.
It. O, meets erery Tuesday evealafe
at 8 p.m. In th* O. B. U. Hall, 804 Fender St. W. Secretary, B, Horabnrgh, Pearler Hall.
TUE   NEW   WESTMINSTER   BRANCH
of  the  O. It.   U.  meet*   on  the. third
Wednesday of every month.    Kvoryboly
welcome.
JUUHNKYMIi.-. VAILORS' UNION Off
America, Local No, 178—Meeting! heU
flrst Monday ln each montb, 8 p.m. Preeldent, A. R. Gatenby; vlco-prcsideat, Ol
Lawson; recording aeeretary, O. He-
Donald, P. O, Dox 508; flnanclal eeore-
tary, T. Templcton, P, O. Box 60S,
Provincial Unions
VIOTOBIA. B. O.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADU
and Labor Conncil—Meeta flrat aal
third Wedneiday*, Knight* of Prthiaa
Hall. North Parh Street, al I o.m. Pr*st>
.-('»., 0. Siverts; vice-president, R. Elliott; iecretary-treasurer, K. 8, Woo*V
ward, P. O. Box 803, Victoria, B. a
PRINOE BUPEBT, B. O.
PRINOE RUPERT CENTRAL LABOR
Oounoil, O. 1). U. Br«nchei: Prinoe
Rupert District Fisheries Board, O.B.U,;
Metalliferous Miners' Dlitrlet Boari,
O.B.U. Secroary-troaiuror, P. 0. Boi
217, Princa Rupert, PAGE FOUR
.HirtTEENTH TEAR.    NO. 3D
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST v^uoovbb. a a
/■RIDAY...
■■..Octotst T, ir
Select the Big
Overcoat Now!
N
OW is the time—-and here is the Overcoat
Emporium. You are offered the widest
latitude of choice--as to
fabric, style, weight,
color, size—and at the
one price.
GENUINE heavy Scotch tweeds
in a great variety of colors
and patternings, including the new
invisible checks, cleverly tailored
into big coats of newest mode. The
styles are many—ulsters or belters,
with raglan or set-in sleeves, slash
and patch pockets.
Collars as you like 'em. Skeleton
or full lined. Try some on tomorrow. The price is—
$
25
'Yoar moneys worth or your money back
4S49Hasiings_
A PROPAGANDA MEETING
' Under tho Auspices of th©
Federated Labor Party
will be held on
SUNDAY NIGHT
IN
THE DREAMLAND THEATRE
Comer of 26th Avenue and Main Street
Speakers: MRS. CORSE, R. P. PETTIPIECE
and TOM RICHARDSON (F. L. P. Candidate
for Vancouver South).
R. H. NEELANDS, M.L.A., will occupy the chair.
LOGGERS HOLD
J. Kavanagh Outlines Development of Workers'
Organiatzions
BUY THE BEST
Tbe Logger Boots that wo are making are, without a doubt,
the lx*t on the market today.   Ask the man who wears them.
All-A PAIR, 10-INCH TOP,
«P 10 FULLY CAULKED.
The "New Method" Shoe Making
and Repairing Co.
SSI OARRALL STREET—Jim a Step from Hastings
_\ O. B. V. Help Phone Sey. 8217
NIGHT SCHOOLS
—UNDER DIRECTION OF-
Vancouver Board of
School Trustees
Classes Re-Open
October 5th, 1921
SIXTY COURSES
Enroll at School Board Offices Monday or
Tuesday Evenings, Ottober 5 or 6, from 7 to 10
p*m.
W. K. BEECH, Director.
Calls Attention to Need
for Workers to Control Unions
Jack Kavanagh addressed an organization meeting of loggers on
Wednesday, Oct. fi, and traced tho
development of organization from
primitive times to tho present day.
He demonstrated how in the lower
forms of life, organization can be
found manifesting itself In the fact
of the principle of mutual aid being developed, showing how certain
forms of animal life hunt In packs.
He pointed out that the further
back we go In human history, the
stronger organization becomes, and
as human society advances from
the simple to the complex organi-
2ation becomes weaker.
He showed how the primitive organization was founded on ties of
kin, and under the gens system, an
Injury inflicted npon a member of
one gens by a member of another
gens, became the concern of all,
but with the advent of the Bystem
of private property and the family
this solidarity was broken tip and
organization took upon Itself a territorial character.
Ho pointed out that as society
becomes more complex, centralization and de-centralization takes
place side by side; how that organizations are connected up In a
central executive, but that each
diutrlct specializes ln problems that
concern them directly as a district;
this autonomy being absent In the
A. F. of L. being responsible for
the failure of that form of organization, on account of the inability
of workers in inter-related Industries to co-operate without obtaining the permission of executive
boards, hundreds of miles away
from the scene of action.
Ho then gave a brief description
of the shop stewards movement,
showing how it waa a movement
within a movement, to bring about
rank and file control from the
shop, to the industry, and finally
to the council of all industries, and
by this means, tako the control of
the job away from the absentee
executives, and place it in the
hands of the men on the Job.
In dealing with tho riuestion of a
general strike, he pointed out that
when the workers are able to engage ln a general strike, thero will
be no need to do so, as they will
have the power and the intelligence
to carry on production for the beneflt of humanity,
The problem of organization
consisted In knowing how to organize, who to organize against,
the tactics to use, and how the
other is organized. He pointed out
that while It was necessary that
they should be connected up with
other related industries In specific
geographical areas.
Ho showed how that the employ
InjB clnss doesn't own the products
Out out the above, fill in the amount you are willing to
give to the defense of The Federationist, and forward it
along with your contribution to the B. 0. Federationist,
Ltd., 342 Pender Street West, Vancouver, B. 0. The money
will be needed if adequate defense of the paper is to be
made.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS:
Dr. W. J. Curry  —$20.00
W. Claire   «•   6.00
     1.00
..__.    2.00
......    1.00
     1.00
R. Law      6.00
G. P. McKay. -,
F. Hore .*...;.	
John L. Martin—
J. Cochrane	
J. Turner «™. 1.00
Jas. Hooper   —  1.00
A Lover of Justice— _.—. 2.00
B.  C.    —.._.-..... 2.00
H. Williams  - 1.00
A Friend  c  2.00
J. W. Jamieson   2.00
A Friend  8.00
A   FRIEND   IN   NEED   3   A
FRIEND   INDEED
"The Fed. under flre. Money
most urgently needed. WiU you
help?''
Coming In response to the above
appeal was a cheque for Twenty
Dollars and the following offer
from our friend Dr. W. J. Curry.
This ls what he eays:
Com. Wells:
Have noted with anxiety your
appeal for help.
The climax of the class itruggle
ls on and there never was a time
when the plain facts as given week
by week by the Fed. on the unemployed problem and other vital
questions were needed by the
masses as today.
In the coming times only clear
heads, steady hands and real understanding can alone save this
Province from chaos and widespread misery, and only fools would
screw down the safety valve of free
discussion of theae problems at
times like these.
Our paper must be saved and ltt
work extended.   This ls our first
duty.
The orlsls of the Fed. Induces me
to advise your readers to take action in this matter at once.
Now in order to help this cause
and to induce others to do ao I will
probably be misunderstood and
may be expelled from the Dental
Association for "Advertising" but I
will take chances.
My offer is this-""
For the next 60 days I will turn
In to the Fed. Defense Fund twenty per cent, of all.receipts for plate
work of any kind coming through
this offer and those who take advantage of this will be personally
credited for the amount.
For instance, if I make Mrs.
Smith a Twenty-five Dollar plate,
20 per cent, of that or Five Dollars
will go to the Fed. and Mrs. Smith
can deliver it herself if desired.
Now I do not know how this offer
will be met but If you believe It
may help to supply some of the sinews of the war, which we must
wage for the labor press, I will do
my part.
Yours for the Cause,
W. J. CURRY.
World News in Brief Paragraphs
FreBno, Cal.—The building trades'
unionB of this city are being
assessed for the assistance of the
oil strikers. Approximately $6500
a week will be turend over to the
striking oil workers.
Oklahoma City.—"I hate to do it,
but if I can't flnd work I must steal.
Hunger is a h of a thing."
• This was the message inscribed
on an emptied pie plate by the yet
unidentified Btranger who broke
into a grocery store here and ctole
a pie.   Nothing else was missing.
16,000 New York Longshoremen
Walked out on Monday in spite of
the frenzied appeals of the officials
of the organization who attempted
to prevent the strike. The walkout
followed the announcement of a cut
of the workers' toil, because they,
individually, are bigger than any
worker M the particular mine, mill
or factory, but that because, behind their little deeds stood the
modern state exemplified by the
army, the navy, the police and the
judiciary.
He pointed out that no organization under capitalism, would get
the worker anything, but a bare
living, and In order to be of any
good, an organization must have
as Its ultimate goal the changing
of the syatem, and the workers
must be brought to realize that
they are slaves, why they are alaves
and how to obtain their freedom;
and until the majority of the people realized that a change waB necessary, lt was uselesa to expect
that a change would come about.
At the conclusion of the address,
the meeting was thrown open, and
a little discussion took place, and
a motion was made to hold theBe
meetings on the first and third
Wednesdays of the month, due notice of which will be given from
time to time.
CHIROPRACTIC
SPINAL TREATMENTS
HYDROTHERAPY
WATER TREATMENTS
DIET
POOD TREATMENTS
Dr. W.Lee Holder
Sanipractic Physician
Twelve years' experience.
Thousands   of   satisfied
patients,
Specialist ln all forms of
acute chronic diseases, deformities.
Hours:   Dally, 1-5
Mon., Wed., Frl., 1-8
Soymour 8533
74 FAIRFIELD BLDG.
'in wages and the institution of the
forty-eight hour week and no overtime for Saturday afternoon work.
An executive officer of the China central committee of the American Red Cross, intimates that there
are too many whites on tho Chinese
coast; too1 many Asiatics in British
Columbia; too many whites in China. He gives the impression that
the chances of becoming financially
embarrassed and stranded ln
Shanghai are very good.
Paris—Andree Marty, chief engineer of the French torpedo boat
Le Protet, who ls serving a IE-year
prison sentence as leader of the
Black Sea mutiny ln 1019, has been
elected a municipal councillor of
Paris. As Communist candidate ln
the Twentieth ward, a workmen's
quarter, he received a three to one
vote. His election, however, is expected to be annulled on the ground
that a felon is Ineligible for offlce.
In spite of the decision of the
Convention of the Unitod Mine
Workers of America, not a miner in
the Weat Cherokee coal field turned
out to work on Monday following
the Imprisonment of Alex Howat,
and August Dorchy who were sent
to gaol for refusing to sign an
agreement not to call a strike of
miners. This was the test of How-
at's strength, and the men did not
fall a leader who had the courage
to challenge the decision of the International and the courts.
Madrid, Spain.—The Spanish foreign legion, Into which starving
American and British former aervice men have tigen enlisted, ls
composed almost exclusively of
Spanish convicts who have forfeited
citizenship by reason of their felon-
lea, lt Is reported here.
The appeal to unemployed ln
other countries was' the result of
disappointment at the results of a
two-year recruiting campaign In
the Spanish prisons which yielded
only two battalions for the Morocco service. _
Sydney, N. S. W.—A Committee
from India Is going to Fiji to inquire into discontent among the
Hindus in Fiji. C. F. Andrews,
who had made many attacks upon
the British and Indian governments
and planters because of their inhuman treatment of the Hindus on
the Fiji sugar fields, la going to
Fiji at the same time, though unofficially.
The Hln.dus are still on strike in
many parts of Fiji, The position
has been accentuated by the enlisting of native police ln the pay of
sugar planters,
If you want some sample copies
of thiB paper for your neighbors,
call   around  to the  offlce and get
them.
Danco Saturday
Don't forget the dance on Saturday night ln the Pender Hall,
corner of Pender and Howe streets.
Good music, a fine floor and every
accommodation.    Admission, gents
50C„   ladles 25c.
f
Says He Was Misquoted—
Council of Workers Letter Speaks for Itself •
Te Vancouver Daily Province, on
Oct. 5, reported that F. W. Welsh,
president of the Vancouver International Trades and Labor Council,
in referring to the activities of the
Council of Workera, had Btated,
"that he had seert-. letters and circulars from the Vancouver body,
giving wrong impressions concerning labor here, and soliciting financial aid from the trades unions of
the East."
Seen by members of the executive board of the Council of Workers, Mr. Welah denied that he ever
made such a statement, and that
he was misquoted. So that there
shall be no misunderstanding on
this question, the letter which was
sent to all organizations in the
country Is reproduced:
Fellow Worker:
We are enclosing you a copy of
the constitution and preamble of
the Council bf Workers, Greater
Vancouver and District.
, The Council of Workers was originally organized laat winter; the
organization being brought into
being because of the acute unemployed situation which prevailed at
that time. The unemplyoed workers were without any means of
bringing pressure to bear on the
"powers that be" to-grant them relief; and thla was the function
which the council flrat assumed.
By means of this-organization, we
were able to bring sufficient pressure to bear to enable the unemployed to be provided for to a certain extent.
During the early part of the
summer, when the majority of the
workera had got jobs, the council
reorganized, and put itself on a permanent basis. Delegatea are aent
to the council from the various
trade unions ln the city, and surrounding municipalities, and any
working claaa organization la admitted to the oouncll, either industrial or political, providing they
subscribe to and agree to abide by
the principles laid down ln the preamble and constitution of the
council,
As you no doubt are aware, In
tho past, those workera who happened to have a Job, have seldom
concerned themselves about the
welfare of thoae who were unemployed. Needless to say, this was
a grave mistake, when we realize
the fact that the hours, working
conditions, and wages of those who
are working is largely determined
by the economio conditions of those
who are unemployed. When an
unemployed man gets hungry, no
matter what his principles arc, he
is going to do all he can to get a
Job, in order that he can live. The
law of self-preservation compels
him to do so; and the masters' understanding this, are only too ready
to use the unemployed as a club to
enforce either longer hours, less
wages or both so. their employees.
Who among us has not heard the
boss say: "Well, if you do not want
to accept thoBe wages, those hours,
or those working conditions, I can
get lots of men who will only be
too glad to take it." Understanding these factors, which are dally
becoming an ever more powerful
club to be used against us, it is up
to us to change our tactics, and
cease being ruled by the traditions
of the paat. We are living In an
age in which all conditions and social relations are ever changing,
and In order that our conditions
shall not get worse, we must change
our line of action in accordance
with these changing conditions.
WVnave no doubt but that when
you consider the serious unemployed situation which will confront ua
this winter, a situation which, in
all probability will be more serious
than any that has yet faced the
working class of this country, you
will see the necessity of forming a
0 LARGEST EXCLUSIVE MEN'S AND BOYS' SHOE STORE
IN THE WEST
TRAVELLERS'
SAMPLE
SALE
$6.85
300 Pairs of Travellers' Samples, values to
$12,00, on sale, while
they last .,	
$6.85
CORNETT BROS. & CLARKE
LIMITED
The Hen's and Boys' Shoe Specialists.
33 HASTINGS STREET EAST
Council of Workers in your city;
and having done so, keeping In
touch with other councils of a like
nature, in order that the workers
In one part of the country can
know what the workers in other
parts are doing. This fs absolutely essential at this time, owing to
the disorganization and chaos,
which will prevail In the Canadian
labor movement.
If you desire any further information, write to us, and all possible
information that can assist you ln
forming a Council of Workers in
your locality will be sent you.
Tours for an organized working
class,
__. HORSBURGH,
Secretary,
Walsh  Hopes
for Irish Peace
(Continued from page 1)
Ing to see whether he means to
fulfill them."
He was asked whether lt was
probable that Sinn Fein would enter a conference with England and
Ulster.
"Ireland," he replied, "will not
come into this conference except aa
a recognized sovereign government; of that you may be certain.
I was present at a meeting of the
Dail at which every member took
his oath never to give ln."
Danco Saturday
Don't forget the dance on Saturday night In the Pender HaU,
corner'bf Pender and Howe streets
Good* music, a flne floor and every
accommodation. Admission, gents
60c, ladies 25c,
San Franeiaco.—The Ironworkers' Union, No. 78, Is the latest
union to give up its international
charter and adhere Instead to the
Rank and File organization.     ,
CENTRAL HOTEL
<_   OOSDOVA   ST.   S,
Just OI O-lrsll Street
OomtorU-1- ui Clem AceoiMnoditlon
lor Working People.    Hot .ui Oold
Weter In fiverr Boom
BftUi Eesson.bl.     Pbone Sey. 11730
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
48 tf CORDOVA EAST
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
ROB ROY
HOTEL
'   87 OORDOVA ST. W.
Cowf-rtaWc and Modem
Price. Reasonable '
MRS. H. WRIGHT, Prop.
Seymour 7786-0
Patronize Fed Advertisers.
H. Walton
FBOFESSIONAL MASSETJB
Specialist   Id   Electrical   Treatments,
Violet  Ray And High Frequency foi
Rhcum»tiira,  Sciatica, Lumbago, Par-
alrs.li, Hair   and   Scalp   Treatments,
Chronic Ailments.
310-311 CAETEE OOTTON BLDO.
Phone Seymoar 2018
198 Haatinga Street West
Dental Plates
a Specialty
Crowns, Bridges and Fillings made
ttae hii shade an yoar natural
teeth.
Dr. Gordon Campbel
Dents/ Art Establishment
CAR   GRANVILLE   STUB!
OUO Corner Robson
Over Owl Drug Store.   Sej. 52!
DOMINION  ELECTIONS,  1921
Socialist Party of Canada Candidates
for B. C. Constituencies
NANAIMO
VV. A. PRITCHARD
VANCOUVER (THREE SEATS)
Burrard - J. D. Harrington
Centre - T. O'Connor
South - - J. Kavanagh
Contributions to Campaign Fund,urgently needed.  Forward
same to E. McLEOD, 401 Pender St. E., Vancouver, B. C.
CUT THIS OUT AND KEEP IT FOR REFERENCE

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