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British Columbia Federationist Oct 24, 1924

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Array BH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE FEDERATED LABOR PARTY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
PUBLISHED IN INTERESTS OF ALL WORKERS
.4 POLITICAL UNITY: VICTORY
SIXTEENTH YEAR.   No. 43
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 24, 1924
6c A COPY
Held by Federated Labor Party-
Mr. J. 8. Woodsworth, M.P.,
Speaker of Evening
THE ARISTOCRATIC SENATE
Stumbling Blook to Progress-
Ten Farmers Allied with
Labor Members
T*HE usual B. C. Federated Labor
Party's meeting waB held in the
Royal theatre on Sunday evening laat,
and a large crowd turned out to hear
Mr. J. S. Woodaworth, M. P. for Centre Winnipeg. Dr. Lyle Telford took
the chair, and made a few opening
remarks on the need for educational
propaganda and the necessity of sup-
' porting the labor press,
Mrs. Lyle Telford contributed two
I most enjoyable solos accompanied by
Mr. Weeden.
In the course of the evening, Mr.
Woodsworth gave an account of some
of labor's activities ln the federal
house. During the past year ten
members of the farmers' party had
allied themselves with tbe labor members, but labor was confronted with
a Hard task, in that they tried to represent not only their own constituencies, but the whole of the labor
movement in Canada; and they endeavored always to keep ln touch with
the industrial aspect, which was as
necessary as the political,
The speaker pointed out that tho
I senate (composed of a hundred members—the aristocracy of politics) is
really a stumbling block to progress,
in that no legislation can be passed
(without their sanction The senate!
cannot be dissolved because the "constitution of Canada provides for a
senate."
The fact that Canada is so depend-
I ent on Great Britain is another
stumbling block, said Mr. Woods-
worth. For instance, if Britain went
to war, Canada would be Involved
But the Canadian navy is not-
Ioriougly a farce, and the acknowledged use of the army is "to keep down
radical labor."
Although    socialism    is    inevitable,
(labor's demands are rarely met with
as yet.    For instance, the eight-hour
day, guaranteed    by   the   Versailles
treaty which Canada signed, is evaded
wherever possible.     There   are   steel
workers putting in as many as thirteen hours per day.      In    connection
Iwith  the  steel   workers,  Mr.  Woods-
Iworth made reference to tho case of
WcLaehlnn who was arrested nnd imprisoned for circularizing the  unions
(and pointing out the brutality of thc
5provincial police in riding down men
and women, without provocation. The
fact that the accused had only stated
the truth made the case worse. The
najority of the judges who dealt with
t.iis case had been company lawyers
before their elevation to the bench,
lind the man who was responsible .for
1'jilling out the troops had also been
company lawyer.    The outlook of
these men was, therefore, necessarily
t company outlook. The appointment
if Judges rests with the senate.
The failure of the Home bank was
01so referred to. The year before, the
peaker hod suggested the appolnt-
nent of an inspector of banks, which
fSuggestion was scorned until the re-
ent. failure.   Now there is an inspec-
While the government has prac-
Iicalty acknowledged its responsibility,
lothing has been done as yet in the
fay of reimbursing the 66,000 people
tho lost their money in the Home
lank's failure.
With regard to the "budget," Mr.
Voodsworth said that the salaries
aid to officials are enormous. There
ro 16,000 civil service officials in Ot-
iwa alone. (Nnturally, these are far
pom being criticnl of tho government). Thirty millions have been
|»ent on immigration advertisements,
let Canada's populntion remains stn-
lonary. Tlie government 'economizes
Hi  education  and   agriculture,   how-
\A number or interesting questions
l/ere asked and answered.
'' Qur advertisers mako it possible for
I to spread the gospel of Labor,
how your appreciation by patroniz-
lg them on every possible occasion.
aister of Labor Manson Promises the Labor Members
Early Action
Hon  A.   M.   Manson,  attorney-gSn
il and minister of Jabor for B. C.
Tuesday  held  a  conference  with
Jibor  membors  of the  legislature  iu
lligard to bringing   into    effect   tho
(pight-hour Day act passed last bcss-
The  board     of    commissioners
['ill be named  shortly.      The    labor
jVemhers opposed    the    appointment
If representatives of lhe lumber in
]|vistry lo act either for employers or
nployees on  the proponed board  of
fcmmlssipnors.     Tho    members   at-
finding the conference were:  it.  H
Fet.Ib.ndB, .South    Vancouver;    Frank
frowne,  Burnaby;  and  R. J.  Burde,
llberni.
j, Hon Mr. Manson    promised    early
Vctlon.
Lectures on Our Modern Drama
"4 [T will be recognized by many students of social progress to-
*    day that there has been unfortunately a failure, on the
V_vt of our leaders and teachers, to utilize the wonderful
t\ ms that have bcen given to human kind by our modern
Wi . rs-of drama and poetry as they ought.
X Rose Henderson, a speaker of international repute,
and -A.een student of our modern poetry and drama, is
giving/% 'cries of at least three lectures on "The Soeial Interpret*.' »■ a of the Modern Drama." The particulars are
as follows:
Nov. 12th—Maeterlinck's Drama: "The Blue Bird, or
Man's Right to Happiness."
Nov. 26th—Ibsen's Drama: "Little Eyols, or the Right
of the Ohild To Be Well Born."
Dec. 10th—An Irish Drama: "Kathleen Ni-Houlihan, or
an Appeal to Reason."	
The above lectures will bc delivered in the Theosophical
hall, 337 Hastings Street West. Music will be provided.
Proceeds for educational purposes. Tickets, three for $1,
or 35 cents each.
COMMON CAUSE
Trade Unioni and Labor Party—
Officially Severed at
Oalgwy
THE WORKERS AND POLITICB
Education and Art
Under Soviet Rule
[By Mrs. Rose Henderson]
ARTICLE V.
TT IS lhe flrst time in hiBtory that
the workers of any nation hold in
their  hands  the  education  of their
own children.
Russia, being the flrst to achieve
this right, will be watched with
eagerness by the workers of other nations who are already aware that
their children ore not being educated; but are being converted into human phonographs, recording the
ideas and psychology of their future
masters, who are more Intent on
keeping them subservient in mind
and body than that they should think
and act for themselves in unison with
changing world conditions.
Before the revolution, the educated
person was the exception.
On the 18th June, 1887, a circular
was issued on the "subject of cooks'
children," ordering the directors of
secondary schools to accept only a
very limited number of children belonging to a democratic environment
"It fs necessary," said the order, "tr
restrict the number of children of
cooks, coachmen, washerwomen nnd
little shopkeepers. These children
must not depart from their station.
Education only leads them to contempt for their superiors, discontent
with their lot and resentment with
the inevitable and unchanging inequality prevailing In respect of the
division of property."
One of the first things that Lenln
did, -was to prove that his hitherto
"inevitable and unchangeable law In
respect of the division of property"
was a myth by wiping it out; and
making property a means of giving an
equal opportunity to all and of unit
Ing rather than separating the people;
determining that henceforth, the
basis of superiority should not rest on
the ownership of mud, minerals and
money.
He cut down the curtain of darkness, made education free, from the
kindergarten to the college, declared
It to be the right of all, and not a
class privilege, regarding education
alone as capable of remedying the social chaos, the legacy of war, czarism
and revolution.
A veritable revolution has taken
placo In education and school administration. The teaching of internationalism has spuerseded that of im
perialism, the equality of all nations
and the right of self government
rather than the superiority of any
one nation. The interdependence of
the human family for self-preservation instead of competition for self-
gratification or self-aggrandizement,
service to the common weal rather
than to a "better class," and the discipline born of a froe people conscious of their responsibility to a common cause, as distinct from a subservience to superiors horn of the
need to live.
The parasite is anathematised, the
man of toil honored, the crime of war
and Us capitalistic background Is emphasized, not its glories, and peace is
held to be the greatest need and the
ultimate goal of mankind.
While other nations are busily en
gaged cutting down education grants
soviet Russia Is spending more each
year on education.
The basis of education is life; it Is
objective, not subjective, practlal
rather than theoretical. The env
ment In which thc child finds Itself is
the subject of fts study, not books,
and the child's play and work are the
channels through which It learns to
put theory into practice, develop its
Individuality and initiative.
"How do the people get their living? What do they produce? What
does a family consist, of? Who pay;
tho expenses in home and cotnmun
ity? What does the mother mean to
tlie family?" Those are some of the
questions the children take up a
their study, Study is made a Joy, th
child's special gifts are encouraged
and developed. Competition for placi
in class is discouraged, examination
abolished and tbo making of thinker
and citizons tho object.
Tho children are taught to know
the material possibilities within thoir
own nation, and tho creative powers
*S within themselves. The history of
wars, the reign of kings, and the
strutting of their "superiors" on the
stage of life, has little place In the
curriculum except to enlighten the
pupils as to their folly of their forbears. The school board is composed
uf doctors, nurses, artists and scientists, teachers, trade unionists, students and janitors, each contributing
their best to the school government.
Attached to many schools are laboratories, workshops, craft and art-
rooms. An essential part of the curriculum and which is neglected by
many civilized nations, is that the
children shall be fed.
Education has been carried
amongst the peasants by means of
Itinerant lectures provided with picture slides.
Today ln Russia the peasant re
peats, instead of "Long Live the
Czar," "Knowledge is power."
The electric light has replaced the
ikon, nnd Lenin's picture thnt of the
saints or the roynl family.
Instead of paying the church hierarchy to petition God to send them
good crops and suitable weather, the
peasantry is sending their children to
agricultural colleges to learn sclent!
fie farming. Consequently the new
generation, now rapidly replacing the
J old, is buying, instead of prayers, fertilizers, modern farm maschlnery and
selected seeds.
The peasants, being "ignorant," are
taking advantage of this scheme to
such an extent that Russia is rapidly
evolving Immense co-operative state
trusts. They waste no time "trust
busting," but are learning the art of
collectively administering these trusts
for the good of all, to feed and sustain
many instead of for profits for the few,
For an ignortant or so-called barbarous people, they are showing themselves ready vehicles to carry out new
ideas.
The government is busy teaching the
peasants the constructive and basic
principle of co-operation, and for this
purpose, grant loans from state banks
at the mere cost of administration.
Education is on a fair way to con
ijuer ignorance, nnd the slavery born
of superstition and prejudice.
Lenin, Trotsky and the bolsheviks in
general were heralded throughout the
world    as    destroyers    of    "beauty
"love" and "life."
The world wns informed that "bol-
shevlsm meant the annihilation of
these things, and of the intelligensia
aa well.
Press and pulpit rang in denunciation so long and so loud that the man
In the street, who usually leaves things
like art, "to the missus," not only be
lieved It to bo true, hut actually got
the notion that his nation fostered nrt
(Continued on poire 4)
El
Responsibilities and Difficulties of
Unions Over Work-
day Affairs
[By J. W. T„ Jarvis]
fpHAT the unions of Calgary have
severed official connection with ihe
labor party ls probably one of the best
signs of virility in both the labor
movement and the unions.
The labor party In Canada is per se
all-embracing fn Its activities for all
workers, to secure perfect political and
social representation, moving forward
to the goal of full control by a labor
government. At present it functions
as an active working organization with
strong practical activities, as well as
brilliant ideals. It seeks to Interest
all, whether manual, skilled, scientific
or professional, an.d clerkly worker in
one common movement for the general betterment of social conditions,
leading to a moral and spiritual uplift
of humanity.
To the trades unions, on the other
hand, is the responsibility and attention to such questions as: Rates of
wages, hours of labor, working conditions and the thousand and one difficulties and fine points needing adjudicating on and adjusting, - in the
various Indiviuual Industries. Another
important activity, and one that
should be approached at an early'date,
ls the fashioning of each union somewhat more on the lines of the guilds,
especially in the handling of new blood
into the different trades, as learners
and beginners.
These are basic points for the
unions, and will develop their full
strength to safeguard and protect
their rights, as well as increase the
technical knowledge of each particular industry, in order to advance the
standard of work and production. It
ls probable that this result will be
easier attained if freed from too close
an identity with a political force and
organlaztion.
It is perfectly reasonable to pre-sup
pose that practically all members of
unions must be in absolute sympathy
with and support the party functioning for all workers—a party anxious
and willing to place Its press, organ!
zation, machinery at their service. In
return, the labor party, in view of
strenuous times ahead, asks for the
fullest support from all.
Roumanian Police Stop Meetings
—600 Workers Transported
—Heavy Sentences
Press Service]
28.—Reports    have
[I. W. A
Chicago, Oct.
been received here that the bourgeol
sle of Roumania, having suppressed
and outlawed the communist party,
d I roots its venom against thc trade
unions. All trade union meetings are
vtt'.'hed by the nolle-, and as soon ns
any ipeaker makes a remark Which
tho police interpro! as political, he is
arrest fd. In thi« city the police ar-
rr'h'ed ton worker1, j.i Bucharest.
At Bralla 600 workers were arrested and transported to Bucharest, In
Mazargic, in KJsChtnew and l'loewti.
all those were arrested who participated In trado union meetings, Pro-
coding thos arrests, nil functionaries
of tho trade unions were locked up.
At Arad, an industrinl centre of
Bnneti Comrade Margaret Uoth was
arrested, togothor with hor two children, six and eight years old respectively, and her mother, an old woman
of 70 years.
At Bucharest a martial court of the
second army corps sentenced Dobro-
geanab to ten yoars imprisonment,
TRUDES COUNCIL MEETS
Candidates   Endorsed   for   Oity
Council Also Eight-hour
Day Commissioner
At tho request of the Canadian
Labor party the Trades and Labor council, at its regular meeting on
Tuesday night, considered the rec
ommendation of candidates for offices
on the aldermanic board, school
board and parks board. The names
of R. P. Pettipiece and J. Thom both
received unanimous endorsement as
aldermanlc nominees.
It was also unanimously decided to
despatch a cablegrnm immediately to
the labor party in England wishing
them every success in the forthcom
ing election.
In a report from a delegate of the
Musicians' union it was stnted that
steps had been taken to stop the
practice or orchestras giving free
concerts from radio broadcasting
stations.
Percy Bengough was recommended
for appointment by the provincial
governmont on tho proposed board
of commissioners to govern the
Eight-hour Day law.
It was stated that tho Canadian
Labor party will moot on Friday
evening, Octobor 31st, to select candidates for tho coming civic elections,
If you have an Idea that you think
Will beneflt Labor, let us have it.
We'll  spread  It.
Debate at the
Royal Theatre
Sunday Evening
"Resolved Tlmt This Meeting
Go On Record ns Boing: in Fnvor
of tlio Inception of the Practical
Torm of Specialism,"
The abovo resolution will lie
the subject for debate on SUNDAY EVENING, 8 p.m., Nov. 26,
at the Royal Theatre.
Two r>f tbo students from tho
University of British Columbia
who are preparing to defend
"Capitalism" against Malcolm
MacDonald and othors noxt
month, will uphold tho negative
position,
Angui
Telford,
Federal...   _„     .      ...
bate in the affirmative
Doors open at 7:*.t0 p.m. Come
oarly if you would get a good
seat, An exceedingly large attendance is anticipated.
McTnnos and Dr. Lyle
representing tho R, C.
d Labor Party, will de-
Federated Labor Party Pamphlets
THE Federated Labor Party of British Columbia has commenced the publication of pamphlets dealing with matters pertaining to labor, either directly or indirectly.
It is hoped that the party will bc able, in the near future,
to have pamphlets issued dealing with such matters as "Unemployment," "Education and the Labor Movement,"
"Banking and Credit," "Taxation," "International Relationships," and other kindred subjects.
The two following pamphlets are just off the press:
Startling Disclosures on Child Immigration
Price 5 cents
RUSSIA TODAY
(By Mrs. Rose Henderson)
Price 10 cents
Enquire of your Federationist agent locally.    If he has
no copies, then write directly to the Federated Labor Party
of British Columbia, 524 Birks Building, Vancouver, B. C.
[ Deliver! Instructive and Interesting Address on Practical
Soeial Problems
li
IS  MOVEMENT   CHRISTIAN?
Pros and Antis—
Debate Vaccination
(A Series by B.C. Medical AssociationlflBy the Humane Education and Anti.
vivisection Society, Vancouver,
ARTICLE V.
TV7ITH regard to the names quoted
by our friends, the anti-vacclna-
tionists in their last article, as leaders of thought, we feel that this is
not a very adequate answer to the
claims in favor of vaccination. There
are some names of international
fame in the list, but this, we confess,
does not Influence us very much. Alfred Russell Wallace, who is always
a great name with the "antis," was,
it is true, a very great scientist,
though his work was more along the
line of a naturalist, than that of biological medicine. In any case, in our
opinion, he is merely an instance of a
good man gone wrong, as we see
other noted scientists of today becoming faddists on one particular
question or another. We could add
names to the list, among these being
Dr. Abrams, of San Francisco; Dr
Palmer, of Davenport, Iowa; and
other famous leaders of a certain
type of thought; but wc do not ac
cept their dicta any more than those
of the genelemen mentioned. Hundreds of equally eminent names can
be quoted on the other sido, and the
facts alone count. As regards Dr. Had-
wen, who has obtained some notoriety as a lecturer against vaccination,
his imposing list of degrees and gold
medals leaves us cold, as we have always regarded gold medallists with
grave suspicion, unless by their future actions, they have been able to
justify their claims to excellence.
The discussion on vaccination ls
perhaps getting wearisome to the
readers of this journal, and nothing
mucn Is gained by continual relation of arguments. We would merely point out that our figures and statistics are taken from authoritative
reports, both in Grent Britain and
the United States, and are available
to anyone who wishes to take thc
trouble to look them up.
Some of the figures given by our
opponents In their last articles are
remarkable. For instance: That the
percentage of vaccinated patients in
the London smallpox hospital was
94.fi per cent, in 1879, and in other
hospitals almost as high.
We confess we do not believe this
statement without explanation as to
tiie date of vaccination at least. It is
so directly contrary to the experience
of tho rest of the civilized world.
Briefly, we may summarize a few
reasons why we still pelleve in vaccl
nation:
(1) The experience of all medical men Is that smallpox does not attack people vaccinated recently, and
when it attacks a vaccinated patient,
the attack is mild and seldom, if
ever, fatal.
(Continued on pane 8)
B.C.)
(Continued from Oct. 3rd)
Arrest of Prominent, Leaders Ordered— Dachine and Samokow
Murdered
|I. W. A. Press Service]
Lorn Pulunka, Bulgaria—A not hor
groat communist conspiracy has been
unearthed by the police. Twenty people were arrested who are supposed
to havo connections with communists
in foroign countries. Dr, Doxladis of
Stanimaka was placed under arrest
and his house raided, The pollc<
found what they claim are compromising documents In the doctor'*
house. The government of SJankoff
bas ordered tho arrest of all promt
nont leaders of the communis!  and
peasant parly, atrqettios have 1>
committed In all parts of Bulge
Michael Dachine or Sofia was m
dored In broad daylight by a mom
of tho gang of murderers especially
organized by Zankoff.    Samokow,!
mor secretary of the Bulgarian <•<
iniinlst party, was also murdered
Sulla shortly after his release fi
prison, where he served a year's t
turo al tho hands of tho "while gi
dials."
Earl Granville, tii Paris, at the
time of the -Franco-Prussian war
reported that smallpox deaths In the
French army during the war 1870-1
were ur.known—j ho confusion was
too great for re&istry. Mr. Alex
Wheeler wrote tl;ie French war office
asjklng 'ior official figures and received the rev)- that there were
none.
The German \^«' officer In a letter
dated Berlin, July 30th,' 1883, in.
formed Mr. GeiA Si Olbbs -if Derry
Lodge, Darlington, England, that
"The number of ^cuhs from smallpox in the German army for the
period of th': war iira not recorded."
Now, we want to know where did ihe
writer of the prrfvaoclntst article
get his .125,000 caVes and 25,000
deaths in the French army from?
If, however, our opponents, believe
that 25,000 French ; >oldier.s died of
smallpox In ibls^hidtTIc, year, will
they tell us why thoy died otter be
ing recently vaccinated? And, while
they look for tho Answer to our
question, we tender the in format ion
that Gormany tu-red 'ho Indemnity
she secured from France (o a very
large extent on saniintion ;ifler the
terrible epidemic of 1871-2, Berlin
spending annually lor some timo,
$2,500,000 on sanitation.
A word re the Philippines;
would like proof that befon
American control therts ware
deaths  from  smallpox    annually
We
the
4,000
      ffl
these islands. We happen to have
some interesting data* ourselves on
this point. Wo are >old that "after
1914 vaccination was improperly
carried out, or not done at all" for
some years, resulting i-'i 50,000 deaths
among    the    novaccinated. This
statement is false. Instead of giving
any proof, oer oppononts merely
make unproved assertions and It
becomes tiresome nt time." to dig up
facts that the reading public may
get the truth. A perusal of tho utile
lal reports of the Phtlllpplnos health
service will gUe ample proof that
the above statoment Is wrong. For
Instance, Philippine health (?) ser
vise report 1918, p. 211: "Two difficulties wero encountered In vaccinating: 11) Insufficiency and unsatisfactory kind of vaccine virus, and
(2) the natural disinclination of th
people to be vaccinatod, and eve
actual opposition by tho Mohnmmo
dans, Among tho latter the health
service wero often placed in
unfavorable position, After preaching the efficacy of vaccination
against smallpox, they allowed themsolves to be vaccinated. With tho
virus supplied, lhe vaccination did
not prevent or attenuate the small
pox epidemic. .They even suspected
lhat the vacoinatlon brought on th'
epidemic."
Same report, p. 215: "Since 1917
general vaccination work was carried
on throughout tho province. ; Tii
failure of three succeeding vaccinations among the non-chrlstlans dr
traded faith from this efficient pre
ventlon (?), and It also disposed
them to hut© tho health personnel."
I do not hav© the official figures before me at tho moment of writing,
but it Is certnin that ovor 10,000,000
vaccinations were performed from
HMO to lflltf, and millions more aftei
the epidemic of in IK commenced
(Population  of  tho   Philippines up,
proximately 10,000.000). The Phil
llpplna police force went nnnyd wit!
ihe health service vaccinators, am
compelled   Ihe   parents    to     product
Worken Reient Attitudo Auum-
ed by Controllers of Big
Monopolies
fHAT   proved   to    be  one of the
 most interesting and Instructive
iiudreses oyer delivered before the
"open forum" at the First Congregational church dealing with practical
social problems, waa delivered by J.
S. Woodsworth, M.P., last Sunday
afternoon.
The chairman of the forum, Prof.
Boggs, introducing the speaker, stated that labor can no longer be looked
upon as a purely academic question
or movement. It was one that wu
forcing itself upon our a/tention,
whether we were in agreement with
lt or not.
Mr. Woodsworth, in opening his
address, stated that the subject aa
chosen by him was, what might be
considered, a challenge and a tribute
to the labor movement. Labor was
challenged by many as being un-
christian while others took quite the
opposite view, claiming that It was a
practical christian movement.
To those who considered that it
was essential that a man to be a true
Christian must attend church every
unday, then he feared that labor wan
not, on the whole Christian. To those
who felt that to be a Christian It was
essential that he or she must not
challenge the present, so-called respectable, customary conventionalities
still so prevalent and which have
been existing within the church for
ages past, then he felt, perhaps, in
that respect too, that the labor movement was not Christian. If on the
other hand, It ls Christian for n
movement to bring about the Kingdom of God here on earth, as Christ
hnd undoubtedly Intended that they
should, and towards which end He
Himself at all times struggled, then
the iabor movement wbb, he considered, Christian in its outlook.
He pointed out that many within
the labor movement felt that Christianity, as we have It to-day, belonged, more or less to the middle class,
anl it was to these that it made lhe
greatest appenl. Labor on the other
hand was a movement that had au
international outlook and was more
proletarian in its appeal. , He further
pointed out that labor, oft times
looked askance at the Church, since
It was felt by many of them that tho
Church was very intimately connected with the present form of society
and was a factor tending to strengthen and perpetuate its evil forms
rnther than trying to remove them,
He further pointed out that the
Church was influenced, and controlled by those forces which,, to no sm**l*
extent, Influenced and controlled our
every-day life, and from which control, the labor movement was struggling to free itself,
He pointed out that many of tho
ministers of the gospel In our various
denominations, accepted only with
reservflfttons, many of the creeds to
which they had subscribed when they
Joined the church. Tbls, he felt, was
quite immoral.
Mr, Woodsworth then gave an outline of thc policy of the labor movement, and stated that after having
done that, he would leave ft to tlie
Christian people to decide for themselves as to whether the movemont
was Christian or not. Ho traced up
tlie labor movement from its Inception, and showed how It was a StrUggl
foi' Tlte workers generally to froe
themselves from the wretched and
deplorable conditions under which
they were being forced to live. He
showed bow, that as Individuals, ihe
had become quite helpless to oppose
the great combinations of industrialists aad how, they too. felt It encumbent upou them in organize
themselves Into one body for the purpose of protecting their interests
against the Inroads of the spirit of
selfishness Which Was SO prevalent
among those who controlled tho
means oi life, upon which the work*
'Continued on Page S)
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
their children for vaccination,
children  ranged   from  babes In
to Hi yoars of ago, (See roporl
llpplne health service, mix, p,
Imagine an armed polico forco
ing along and compelling vu
tlon!     Imagine.' "The failure of
Tin
odlng  vaccinal
lonn   am
onu
'hrlallant'/     *l
otractlng
from    this
efficient
pre
and  ihon  wo
arc Mn
ndly
aoina  BO,000
unvacolni
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nallpox,    Tho
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(Continued
on paffo
3)
Branch of B, 0. Federated Labor
Party Is Formed—A. H.
Richmond President
South Vancouvor—A. H. Richmond was eleeted prosldent of tho
Colllngwood branch of the Federntod
Labor party at a meeting held In
CollIngWOOfl Wednesday night. Other
ollicers elected wero: J. W. Wilson,
vice-president; s. Perry, secretary;
Frank Hull, treasurer, and a commiltee   consisting   of:   J,   X. ville.   J,
Gar'llck, u. Paploton and c. Bayley,
Frank Browne, labor Ml,. A. for
Huinaby riding attended,
Chris. FvatiH Dead
ChrlB Evans, socrotary of lhe American Fedoration of Labor from 1880
to 188-1, and one of the veterans of
the United Mine Workers of America, died recently af New SiraltsvIHe,
Ohio, PAGE TWO
SIXTEENTH YEAR.    No. 43 BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVER. B.C.
FRIDAY Ootober 24,  1924,
Published every Friday Py
Tbe   British  Columbia   Federatloniat
BMigM, and Editorial Office, 1129 Howo Bt,
Tho policy of Tho B.  0. Federationist ifl
■ontrolled by the editorial board of the Federated Labor Party of British Columbia.
Subscription Rate: Unitod States and Foreign, $8.00 per yoar; Canada, $2.50 por
year, $1.50 for six months; to Unions subscribing in a body, 16c per momber por
month.
Tbe  Federatlonist is on salo at  the following news stands:
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FRIDAY Octob r 24, 1B24
PREM1UU KING'S SPEECH
rpIME does not permit o£ the giving
of a fully considered review of
tho Premier's recent speech ln Vancouver tn this Issue of The Federatlonist. Statements were made and
honors claimed that we cannot allow
to go unchallenged. The great mass
of the workera have been hoodwinked quite long enough with such political speeches that get\them nowhere.
We hope to publish a reasonably
completo review in next Issue.
Is to organize, and take an active, intelligent interest in Hie welfare of all
tlieir comrades. Tlie way that this
can be most effectually accomplished
Is to join in tho great political labor
movoment, and so make it a real force
in our land, for (he good of all the
workers. When such a movement Is
inaugurated—guided and controlled
by men and women imbued with a
true spirit of service to their fellow
workers, and not one of selfishness,
whether thut selfishness be individual
or sectional in its extent—the labor
movement will become the most potent force for humanity's good we have
ever dreamed. Let our union friends
start now. The time Is opportune.
The need is urgent.
A LABOR PRESS
THE "stuff" that our daily press is
made of is becoming more and
more evident each day. Even the
most unobservant among us can hardly fail to notice how lt Is showing its
true colors. Here and there appears
an article that might seem to favor
labor, but on the whole their biased
attitude is only too apparent.
Everything that they can flo to
create a public opinion that is oppoaed
to the principles of labor, they are
doing. They may try to appear at
times as though they were neutral;
but anyone who has lately followed
their tactics—which they have always
adopted—will realize that it. is all
make-believe."
If there is one thing more than another that the labor movement needs
In the world, it is an active, progressive labor press. The power that the
dally press possesses today has been
given It by working people. They buy
it. They advertise in it. They read it.
But worst of all, they believe It.
The day is at hand when the workers must unite in their support of a
labor paper. They can never hope for
any publication to meat their every
requirement. They certainly cannot
feel that the daily press has been
wholly satisfactory in that regard,
then, why demand it instead of their
own publication?     \
With all its faulf*. the daily press
has served its "masters" well. Were
workers to control and operate a publication that would serve their interests, as the daily press is serving the
interests of their '(masters,!' they
would be a long way oh the road leading to their own emancipation.
If the workers cannot learn 'to cooperate among them/selves concerning
such vital matters,/ is it to be w
dered at that the {public view's with
no small amount c|r misgivings, their
ability to co-operate successfully in
matters pertaining: to tlie common
weal?
THE TRADES UNIONIST AND
POLITICS
IT HAS ALWAYS been a puzzle to
the average man and woman, who
ls unaware of the Inner workings, and
activities of the trades unions, as to
why the labor movement is not exercising the influence In. the political
arena that it ought, if one were to
judge from their numerical strength.
It must be pointed out to such individuals, however, that there are
many within the trades union movement who still cherish the delusion
that capitalism can be made to function in a manner satisfactory to mankind in genernl. Mnny are conservatives and mnny nre liberals, and a few,
locally, were deluded into Joining In
with our provlnolal friends In the hope
that they might thus gain their emancipation.
Such a state of mind, on thc part
of our trades-unionist comrades is to
be deplored, It bus served to retard
the progress of the great body of the
workers in a most effective manner
and ll Is upon their shoulders that
there must be borne, to a great extent,
the responsibility for the masses of
mankind having to tolerate the unfortunate social conditions that thoy still
have to tolerate In this land of ours
today.
Until our trades-unionist friends
take the time, and give the necessary
study to the great social and economic
problems that are ever pressing In
upon them, wo can never hope to
make any great headway. Until they
realizo that selfishness is as detrimental to the welfare of their fellows—
and incidentally to themselves—
whether It be within the trndes-union
or without It.
Our trade-unionist friends, too,
must come to realize that the vast majority of tbe workers are unorganized
and are, therefore, not amenable to
their rules and regulations. Furthermore, they must come In realize, too,
that our present social and industrial
system is making lt gradually harder
nnd harder for tho average man to
fulfil his Instinct of self-preservation,
and when It becomes necessary for a
man or woman, In the Interest of self-
preservation to withdraw from his or
her union, they will undoubtedly do so.
The ultimate and only hope of tbe
workers, union and  non-union alike,
the governments of other countries,
such us the United States, and even
Canada. Such an attitude on the part
of foreign governments would doubtlessly be encouraged by the reactionary opposition forces in the home government.
It must bo admitted by any student
of political economy, that, come
what may, the position of a labor government, called upon to administer the
affairs of the nation under a capitalist
regime, is no sinecure. It must be remembered, therefore, that labor—true
labor—realizes the futility of ever
making any definite or permanent improvement in our social system under
a capitalist regime. Socialism must,
of necessity, become the recognized
order of society.
TUE BRITISH ELECTION
AT THIS TIME the political pot Is
boiling over in Britain. The flght
will be short and snappy. The results, however, will be far-reaching,
not only within, but without the confines of the empire.
With the governments of other
lands hanging more or less In the balance, the slightest upheaval of one,
more or less effeeti the other.
In France, Heriott's administration
is not on too firm a foundation, and
any marke.d opposition from a reactionary foreign government, in conjunction with the present opposition
forces which they face In the chamber,
would be sufficient to overthrow It.
The fascisti in Italy would, no
doubt, view with delight the return
of a. reactionary government in England. Such au occurrence would be
seized upon, 'is vindicating their form
of government, and would, no doubt,
very materially strengthen their position. ^
Tlie more or less frank and friendly
relationship established with the Russinn government, will, no doubt, be
materially altered In the event of Mr.
Baldwin or Mr. Lloyd Oeorge gaining
the ascendency. Such a state of affairs cannot help being viewed with
lnrm by every thoughtful man and
woman.
Denmark, an outstanding example
of a socialist govoernment, is making
history. It's present honest attempt
tn abolish tbelr standing army will be
viewed with alarm by tbe militaristic
element the world over; and thero is
little doubt tbat their position would
be mado far from pleasant by n reactionary form of government taking
control even in  Knglnnd.
So far as conditions "nt home" are
concerned, It Is believed, wero a conservative, or even a coalition form of
government to gain control, that a
desperate attempt will be made to consolidate their forces and entrench
themselves, hy means fair or foul, ln
tho seut of power and authority. We
can rest assured that when the day
comes—as come it will—when they
will see their power waning, and labor
gaining the ascendency once again
but tbls time witli a renl working majority—they will result to tactics comparable (o those adopted by the fascisti in Italy.
The adoption or constitutional
means is quite in order, so long as the
powers of government ai'o safe ln the
keeping of tbe reactionary forces of
liberalism and conservatism, but when
the progressive forces of labor are
about to take over the reins of government again, we might well be on
nur guard.
If labor wins the coming contest
an.d has a substantial working majority, it will, no doubt, be confronted
with a most strenuous opposition from
THE VETERAN'S WEEKLY
SCANDAL
WE ARE watching with considerable Interest the activities of Police Commissioner R. Macpherson.
Thus far, any attempt] on hla part to
get to the root of this affair would appear to have heen most successfully
frustrated.
We don't like to say it; but, we fear,
he is not quite clever enough to catch
on to all tiie tactics adopted by people
who earn their livelihood by such
means. It is said' that "it takes a
theif to catch a thief." We are happy
to say that we do not feel that Commissioner Macpherson Is qualified in
that regard.
Our advice is to keep at it, and
never take "no" for an answer.
Furthermore, if one man cannot get
these culprits there may be others
who can. That Is a suggestion we
leave with you, Mr. Macpherson.
LETTERS TO
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed ls accepted by the management.]
On  Feeble-minded  Children
Editor B. C. Federationist: Referring to "Constant Reader's" letter on
feeble-minded children, which appeared In your issue of the 10th Inst., 1
highly appreciate a great deal this
gentleman has said. However, two
points, briefly: (1) Would it not bc
much bettor to stop this class of children from coining into the world in the
flrst plaoe? This could very easily be
accomplished, if handled by reliable
medical men. I believe, if we stop
the cause, there will be no after effect.
There is, no dohbt, that these feebleminded people, as mentioned by our
friend, are the cause of a great deul
of trouble. (2) Does the mind survive
after death? Personally, I believe it
does. My reason for believing this is,
It is impossible to exterminate matter.
Now, as it is impossible to exterminate the visible. It must be impossible
to exterminate the Invisible, which is
life. Matter changes into various formations, but it is still in existence: So
with life; life must go to the Giver of
life. Life is Invisible and as matter
returns to matter, life must return
to life. Therefore, I contend man
never dies. The body goes through
various changes and formations and
the life as before stated returns to
life. J. A. KENDALL.
Port Alberni, B. C, Oct. 14, 1924.
The Labor Government
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: The
British labor government raised the
pound sterling 24c. in nine months,
32c. a year. This shows that international bankers had faith in the labor
party. The government formulated a
treaty with Russia, where 90 per cent,
of the tillers of the soil are the owners—hence a stable govornment. Lloyd
Oeorge notwithstanding. The*y are on
speaklnh terms with France and have
had a trial at disarmament. From
Lloyd Georgo, Law am] Baldwin they
fell heirs to unemployment, none of
their making. Labor can feel Justly
proud and unashamed of thoir grand
work. Full well the voters wlil know
it- AN ADMIRER.
Nanalmo, B. C, October 20, 1924.
Spread the Gospel of Labor
Editor B. C. Federntionistm is my
contention that the peoplo of Vancouver do not understand what tbe labor
party stands for, and further that
mnny within tho movement itself, do
not study the essentinls as they ought.
I once heard a tabor leader questioned
regarding bis opinion upon the tariff.
His answer was such that it lost more
votes for lnbor than had the moeting
never been held. Foreign affairs,
Russin, otc, are alright in tbelr placo,
but what tho people most desire to
know is: "Upon what platform cnn
they benefit most directly?" Tbis calls
for considerable explanation—both
theoretical and practical in Its outlook. Therefore, I would say, that
such' subjects as tbe following should
be dealt with at some considerable
length In a manner that would be Iti -
tolliglblo to the average worker:
"Housing," "old-age pensions,"
"health insurance," "unemployment,"
loans labor and university education," oto. By debating such ns these
In your paper, and giving them the
prominence that I feel they are deserving of, you will not only increaso
the general Interest in your journal,
but will, at the same time, render a
worthy sorvice to your readers. 1
would like, too, to point out the necessity of keeping before the public,
how and where they can Join the labor
movemont. I would suggest that the
labor movement hold mothers' meetings and. socials. Women nnd children
feel the pinch of unemployment and
they aro not arrahl to talk. Teach
•them the remedies, and they will do
the rest. Organize women's leagues,
children's clubs, debating and publli
speaking classes, football, etc., In fact,
anything that will be the means of
consolidating the forces of labor.
Abovo all, howevor. let the public
know the political alius of labor—for
many have the Idea lhat labor will
throw business Into a chaotic condition
and ultimately produce more grafters
than ever, p. l. A,
Vnncduver, B. C„ Oct. 23, 1924.
Kepti Alive by Political Corruption—Dirty Game to Enthral Toilers
IN THEORY  AND  PRACTICE
Believers in Production for Use
Not Profit Must Be
Socialists
[By Frances Wills]
HPHE editor of the Vancouver Sun
has a keen sense of humor; for, of
course, he didn't mean what he wrote
under the heading, "Welcome to the
Premier." If he did, then his startling Utopian utterances must have
made Mackenzie King blush. The
Sun tells us that liberalism is the political creed of the common people.
That Canada has no upper classes—
well, none worth speaking about—for
they only represent about one per cent.
What a struggle there would be to
crush all the sociul climbers, all the
"big business" men and all the petty
upstarts into that ono per cent?
Liberalism offers equal opportunities to all. Equal opportunities to obtain work and to hold on to It; equal
opportunities to build decent houses;
equal opportunities to feed nnd educate the young. Liberalism has special
privileges or none; not even for lumber barons, or corporation lawyers or
railway magnates. "Big business"
men are kept severely in their place.
Well, woll, If that's liberalism, we'll
all be liberals.
The average working man would
need a strong dose of dope, or a
quantity of thirty per cent, before he
could fool himself into writing such an
article.
Liberalism or conservatism—for
they are all much of a muchness—
they all mean capitalism—is something quite different.
Liberalism (or conservatism) is the
creed of the master class. It is only
the creed of the working class when
they think they can "get on" In the
world, or when they are painfully gullible.
It is the creed that is kept alive by
political corruption; that necessitates
politics being a dirty game; that permits the government being governed
by a business clique; thnt doles out
privileges with a generous hand.
It is the creed that gives us the
bread-line and poverty and degradation; it is the creed that grudges adequate pensions to mothers; that fosters race hatred; thnt permits aB little
freedom as possible to the working
classes, and thnt uses every imaginable weapon to crush those who dare
to tell tho truth.
It is the creed that can urge us into
capitalist wars; that can impose disgraceful and humiliating peace; that
can leave war veterans to starve.
Liberalism Is only an expression of
capitalism; it differs In no respect
from any other capitalist creed; it is
only a variety of the species. Varieties are useful for engaging the attention of the workers, exercising their
minds and splitting votes.
It is immaterial to the working
class whether the government be conservative or liberal. The aim of both
ls to perpetuate the existing order, and
forever to enthral the common herd.
Those of the workers who. nre content
that they should work to keep a few
parasites in luxury; those whb are content that proflt should be the aim of
all work, will be good liberals. But
those who recognize no bluer blood
than their own; those who believe that
the comforts ond luxuries of life are
for those who earn them; those who
think all production should be for use
not profit—these people cannot be
liberals or conservatives or independents.   They must be socialists.
99 09
[Note—As many enquiries reach
this office from time to time, the editor will reserve space to deal with
such matters, under the above heading. Communications addressed to
"Notes and Queries Editor" will be
handled as quickly as space permits.
—Ed.] 	
S. Russell (Vancouver): You probably read it in Belamy's "Looking
Backward," see also Jack London's
"Iron Heel.'
Craftsman (New Westminster):
William Morris was an idealist, a
practical worker, a socialist, artist,
courtly gentleman and a real man.
Democrncy ond labor owe much to
him. His connection with and activities for our cause, may be treated of in
an early issue.   Thanks for reference.
S. J. Elliott asks about poems by his
name-sake; probably referring to
Ebenezer Elliott, the "corn law"
rymster, whose verse was very pop-
ulur during the period of the Corn
Laws agitation.
G. W. Hill (Vancouver): It would
surprise you to see a pamphlet on
who owns the und controls thc press
in Britain. It is not only in the United States that the capitalist claw is
on the newspnpers, even as shewn by
Upton Sinclair, but the facts and figures given In the above noted pamphlet (published by the I. L. P. press)
is a great eye-opener.
Longshore Headquarters
Headquarters for longshore activities have been moved from pier H to
Orange hall, corner Gore avonue and
Hastings street. Longshoremen have
now a much more central meeting
plnce, wilh reading-rooms, billiard-
table, and plenty of air and light.
AS 10 SOCIALISM
Anarchists and Scientific Socialists Differ Concerning
Causes of Poverty
CURE   LIES   IN   EDUCATION
Must Bring; Out Power of Eaoh
Individual Character
—Chief Demands
COCIALISM Is primarily an econo
mlc doctrine, though it involves
political, religious and social changes.
It proclaims the equal rights of all
subjects of a state to share the material wealth of that state, and the
equal duty of all to share the labor
necessary to develop that wealth, su
as to maintain the necessaries and
comforts of life. There are two great
classes of socialists, bowever, who
have very different opinions of the
causes of poverty, the great evil, and
different remedies tor it. Onc class
consists of the anarchists, who hold
that, society Is utterly bad, and must
be destroyed, so that some now form
of it may rise "naturally" on the
ruins of the old. They are the disciples of Rousseau, and are best rep
resented by Bakunih and other nihilists, wjho have demanded even the
abolition of science, in order that all
men might live together, sympathetically, in a state of "holy and wholesome ignorance."
Scientific socialists have nothing ln
common with such illegitimate and
absurd extravagances and annuities,
though ignorant people think and assert the opposite. Scientific socialists seem to really know what their
ideal is, how they got It, and how
they want to carry It out. They define it as a state of things in which
every soul In the nntion shall have an
equal chance of realizing such per-
" Famous" $24.50 Coat Is the
Talk of the Town
A MARVELLOUS comb in 11 tin n of qunlity mill low itricol Conts in tho very
bost now styles, beautifully trimmed with
fur—some with wonderful embroiderJ'-«—
in ibe most wimteil colors. Such vnluo
ennnot hu nppronched nnywlicrc in tho
eity.    Sec tliem in our big store uowl
Famous
619423 Hasting,  Stnet West
CLOAK and
SUIT Co. Ltd.
Biggest Sale! Why?
There can be only one reason why people drink
"Cascade" in preference to other brands—beeause it's better beer. Thc sales prove the
quality! Far more "Cascade" Beer is sold in
British Columbia than any other beer. What
makes thc qunlity? It's a combination of super-
line ingredients, scientific, clean brewing and a
brewmaster with 40 years of beer experience at
his finger-tips.
Insist on "Cascade"—
The BETTER BEER
Sold at All Oovernment Stores
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liquor
Control Board or by thc Government of British Columbia.
fection, as it la naturally capable of
realizing—as a pot boy or a premier
—without any reference to the lot
into which, by fortune or by misfortune, it has been born; and they assert often with too little regard for
the feelings of the rich middle class,
that at present society does not give
the mass of men the "chance" of
realizing such perfection; education
does not give them the "will," and
natural inheritance of brain and body
—due mainly to bad food—does not
give them the power. Further, they
consider that this feverish scramble
for material wealth ls both unseemly
and unscientific, because what one
man gets, another has to go without,
T^e cure lies in their lack of "education," so as to bring out the power
of each individual character, and in
the strengthening of existing authorities, so that they may be used vigorously for the beneflt of the poor
and needy. The chief demands on
the latter nre for (1) taxation graduated so as to correct fully gross inequalities of fortune; (2) loans ol
public money at a very low rate to
persons too poor to borrow in the
open market; (3) strict enforcement
of the moral and social duties attach
ing to wealth, especially in land.
Such proposals may be Inexpedient,
but they are perfectly legitimate.
Sidelights on a Great
Industry
WANTED
*.«««««
««««<•*.«
A Trade Revival
THE steady growth of British Columbia has depended in tbe past
and will depend in tile future upon
the fair progress of Its premier industry.
Every thinking citizen of the Province should realize to what an extent the destiny of British Columbia
is entwined with that ot its forest
Industries.
As an Instance—the taxes that the
lumbermen of British Columbia paid
Into the public treasury in 1923
more than settled our totnl educa-
ion bill (including the grant to the
University) and ln addition covered
the whole amount appropriated for
the maintenance of the public works
of the Province.
The British Columbia forest industries may be capable or beating this
unique record In the furtherance of
the prosperity of the Province but any
increase of taxation must be based
upon a more solid output—upon a
free expansion of activities, upon larger markets, and more stabilized
values.
An unembarrassed lumber Industry
Is tho key to British Columbia's prosperity. The uncertainty now existing
regarding the unamended Timber
Royalty Aot of 1914 is without doubt
the main cause of the existent depression not only In the lumber industry but in the many groups dependent upon Its vast purchasing
power. _
A settlement of this vexed question
satisfactory both to the Industry and
to the public should bring about the
trade revival that British Columbia
is so anxiously awaiting.
This series  of articles loniinunl-
cntcd   by   the   Timber   Industries
Council of British Columbia.
The new reduced Night
Rates make long-dist-
a n c e conversations
much cheaper after 8:30
p.m.
Ask the rato clerk for
particulars
B. 0. TELEPHONE OOMPANT.
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Lammermoor
Pure Scotch Wool
Blankets
It is economy to buy the best
quality  Blankets   available,
and  the  Lammermoor  has
that distinction. Pre-shrunk,
•superior, 100% pure wool, in
the following sizes:
60 by 86 at ?10.95
66 by 86 at $12.85
72 by 90 at $14.95
Another good line of all-wool
Blankets,  with  soft,  fleecy
finish, ean be had in size 64
by 84 inches at $8.95, and
•72 by 84 inches at $10.95.
All-wool Bed Covers, plain
or overcheck design, in pink
or blue, with silk binding.
Size 70 by 84 at $10.75.
—Drysdale's Staple Shop,
575 OBANVILLE STREET
Phone Seymour 3540
Pbone Seymonr 2361
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
SUITE 301, DOMINION BOTLSINQ
 VANOOPTEB. B. 0.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
SOUOITOM. ato.
101-408 Metropolitan Building
337 Haitingi St. W. VAHOOUVEB, B. O.
TeliphoMi: Seymou tew ud 3637
OAVE you ever bad a real drink
11 of Pure Apple Oder during lta*
last few years?
To meet the deilree of mtoy clients,
we htve introduced recently ft pnre eleftr
•parkling ipple cider In pint bottlei,
either pure sweet or government regain*
tlon 2% herd apple older. Thoae drinka
•re abaolutely puro and froe from all
carbonic acid gaa or preaerrativee of
any nature. Write or phone your order
today, Highland »0. '
VAN BROS. LTD.
Older Mfuiufictureri
1B66 Commercial Drln, Tucoanr, B. 0.
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1160 Georgia Street
Sunday aerrloea, 11 a.m. and 7:80 p.m.
Snnday school Immediately following
morning aervice. Wedneaday teatlmonlal
meeting. 8 p.m. Free reading room.
»0100a Birka Bldg.
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
48 ii   COItDOVA .STREET  BAST
Everything Modern
Kates Reasonable
MUSICIANS'
UNION LABEL
LEND YOUR PATRONAGE TO THE
MUSICIANS' LABEL.
BANKING SERVICE
THE UNION BANK OF CANADA, with its phain
of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking care
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad.
DNWJNK
Established SO Years
Give Bread First
Place in Your
Diet &
j&
EVERY task you undertake—mental or manual—
every "lick of work" you do "eats up" ener&y.
Keep your furnace fires fcoinfc ■with plenty of fcood
fuel-food-BREAD.
BREAD IS YOUR BEST FOOD
EAT MORE OF IT
THAT Hurried mid-day meal—make it a luncheon of deliebui
golden-crated Bread with a bowl of orearay rich milk—perfect
fai'l-food for the human dynamo. FRIDAY Ootober 24,  1924
SIXTEENTH YEAR.    No. 43 BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVER, B. &
PAGE THREE
Specials for
Saturday
Men's Knee  Gum  Boots,   6   to
11, at ....: $3.95
Children's Knee Gum Boots, 5
to 10%, at  $1.95
Greb Work Boots, at W.&5
Men's   All-wool   Knitted   Vests,
at $2.75
VIKING Underwear, 2-plece or
Combination Suit, at $tt.bo
Penman's No. 71 Natural Shirts
and Drawers, each     95c
Muleskin Gloves, at    35c
Men's Handkerchiefs, 12 for 85c
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings
Hats, Boots and Shoes
2313 MAIN STREET
Between 7tb ud lth nenuas
Phone, i'alrmont 14
Pros and Antis-Debate Vaccination
(Continued from page 1)
Orpheum Theatre—The Sliurwooda
Sherwood's singing orchestra will
be the headline attraction on this
week's bill of vaudeville ut the Orpheum theatre, which opens with a
matinee ou Thursday at 2:20. Each
member of this organization, in addition to his musical ability, possesess
a, Hne singing voice. One of the finest
harmony combinations in vaudeville
of duet singing will be offered by Bob
and Gale Sherwood. The finest Canadian tenor in musical history, Craig
Campbell, a native son of Winnipeg,
is on the bill. Mr. Campbell last sang
here three years ago, and since that
Mme, has achieved flattering recognition as a remarkable lyric tenor by
New York critics. Moore and Freed
will appear in "Spooning and Bal
loonlng." Those two musical come
dlans extract music from all sorts of
articles, besides being excellent comedians they are real musicians. Harry
Holman will present his now version
of "Hard Boiled Hampton." This act
has a touch of pathos .mingled with
comedy for the tired business man,
Johnson and Baker will present
"Practice," which ts somewhat of a
nut act, Introducing new stunts. Herbert and Bolt, have a new gymnast
novelty afc*t. Val and Ernie Stanton,
the "English Boys from America,"
have an entirely ney act thts year,
which is even funnier than their last
one. The usual attractive pictures
and the Orpheum circuit orchestra,
make up the bill.
Hand The Federatlonist to your
shop mate when you are through with
tt.
Publlo Accountant ud Auditor
J. W. Y. JARVIS
Bookn kept by monthly contrnct; systems
installed; incomo tax returns; collections.
If you havo any doubts about your
books and accounts being In good ibapo,
consult me.
Phonos: Sey. 4165 or Bay. 6323B
198 Hutings St. Wost, Vancouver, B. 0.
NEW YORK FUR CO.
Limited
Largest Exclusive FDR HOUSE in
tho West
552-4 and 721 Georgia Street West
Seymour  0276-9326
Three-quarters of a ton of Frontier
Wellington
COAL
goes as (ar as one ton of ordinary coal.
TBIAL ORDER
15 sacks Lump $9.50
15 sacks Nut $9.00
j. d. mcneill co.
324 ABBOTT STBEET.     Sey. 4SS8
Vancouver Unions
ALLIED PRINTINO TRADES COUNOIL—
MeeU second Monday In the month.    Prosldent, J. R. White; secretary, R. H. Noel
andl. P. O. Box "
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY, Room 111—
81S Pender St. Wost—Businoss meetinga
every Wednesday evening. A. Maclnnis,
chairman; E. H. Morrison, oec-troas.; Geo.
D. Harrison, 1182 Parker Street, Vancouver.
B. O., corresponding secretary.
Any district In British Colombia desiring
Information re securing speakers or tbe formation of local branches, kindly communicate
with provincial Secretary J. Lyle Telford,
V 524   Birks   Bldg.,  Vancouver,   B.   O.    Tel*p-
phone Seymour 1392, or Fairmont 4938.
I   BAKF.RY   SALESMEN,  LOOAL 871— MeeU
■econd Thursday every month tn Holdon
■i Building.   President, J. Brlghtwell; flnanolal
secretary, H. A. Bowron. 920—llth Avenue
| East.	
§■ INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD Of
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
. era of America, Locat 194—Meetings first
I and third Mondays In each month in Holden
k Building. President, P. Willis; secretary, A.
f Fraser.   Offlce hours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 5
1 p.m,	
CIVIC   EMPLOYEES   UNION—Meets   ttrst
and third Fridays In each month, at 445
| Rlohards  Street.    Preaident,  David  CathtU,
* 2852 Albert Street; secretary-treasurer, Oeo.
i Harrison, 1182 Parker Street.	
ENGINEERS — INTERNATIONAL UNION
(of   Steam and   Operating,  Local   882—
i Meets   every   Wednesday  at   8   p.m.,   Room
| 800 Holden Bldg.   President, Charles Price;
' business agent and flnanclal secretary, F. L.
Hunt;   recording secretary, J. T. Venn.
MUSICIANS'      MUTUAL      PROTECTIVE
UNION, Local 145, A. V. of M.—Meets In
G.W.V.A. Auditorium, 901 Dunsmuir Street,
seoond Sunday at 10 a.m.    Presidont, E. C.
Miller. 991 Nelson Stroet; secretary, E. A.
Jamieson, 991 Nelson Street; flnanclal secretary, W. E- Williams, 991   Nelson   Street:
as organiser, F. Fletcher, 991 Nelson Street.
■ FEDERATED SEAFARERS'   UNION OF B.
0.—Meeting nights, flrst Tuesday and Srd
Friday of eaoh month at headquarters, 818
Cordova Street West.    President, D. Gillespie; vice-president, John Johnson; secretary,
treasurer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Oor
.dova Street West.   Branch agent's address;
George Faulkner,   578 Johnson Street, Vie-
toria. B. C.	
THE VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDERATION—Meots at 991 NeUon Street, at 11
a.m, on the Tuesday preceding the 1st Bun-
i day of the month. Preaident, Harry Pearson,
'991 Nelson Stroet; Secretary, E. A. Jamieson,   991 Nelson Streot; Business Agent, F
I Fletcher. 991 Nelson St. __
I ^TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 328—Presl-
| dent, R. P. Pettlplece: vice-president, J.
1 M. Bryan; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Nee-
f lands, P. 0. Box 88. Meets last Sunday of
I each month at 2 pjn. tn Holden Building. 18
|'Hastings Street East.
1 PRINCE RUPERT TYPOGRAPHICAL
t UNION, No. 418—President, S..D. Mao-
I donald, secretary-treasurer, J. M. Campbell,
} P. 0. Box 889. Meeta last Thursday of each
1 awntk.
(Continued from page 1)
(2) Smallpox is practically unknown amongst doctors ahd nurses,
orderlies and staff in smallpox hospitals. The experience of armies in
all civilized countries is that vaccination does prevent smallpox, almost to
the point of elimination. Every civilized government today makes vaccination compulsory on enlistment and
at intervals thereafter.
(3) Smallpox, which used to be a
diseases that caused the death of
one-twelfth or every generation, and
one-third to one-half of all child population, became a negligible disease
after generations of vaccination. In
certain states vaccination has been
neglected, and smallpox haB again
become a common disease of childhood, the ratio of,incident being directly In proportion to the degree
with which vaccination is neglected.
(4) The fact that smallpox comes
lu epidemics, at intervals, is well-
known; and it ls a universal experience of health boards that prompt
and efficient vaccination is the one
method of stopping these epidemics.
The experience of Windsor, Ontario,
this year; of Glasgow some years ago,
and of other cities, amply prove this.
(6) With all due respect to our
opponents, we submit again, that the
experience of the Phil lip pines, if
carefuly read without prejudice, is
one of the strongest arguments in
favor of vaccination that can possibly
be adduced. ,
Lastly, the report of the. Royal
commission, which, we would point
out, was composed almost entirely
of scientists and laymen other than
medical men, is overwhelmingly in
favor of vaccination. This report
found that vaccination did protect,
and the protection was ln direct proportion to the efficacy of vaccination,
and that vaccination was relatively
harmless (and we may point out that
it has become twenty times safer
than it was even at that time).
Our opponents ask why we should
worry about urging vaccination, and
should not be content with letting
those who wish to go unvacclnated,
run the risks of the disease. Our
reason is that if this applied only to
adults, we, as medical men, should
be very glad of the increased practice which such a policy would afford
us; we could have very little sympathy with the adult who deliberate
ly runs the risk of smallpox, know
ing that he had a remedy at his
command; but, our trouble Is that
this would Involve a great deal
suffering and loss amongst children,
who are helpless, and at the mercy
of their elders and guardians. The
experience of California shows that
smallpox Is becoming a school disease like measles or whooping cough.
Callornia is, perhaps, the least carefully vaccinated of the states; and,
sooner or later, we feel that this
state of affairs is going to lead to
tragedy. We are trying to avoid this
tragedy here.
One point in the article of our op
ponents wo would like to notice: We
did not say that sanitation is of no
help against smallpox, and we du not
believe our article could be taken
to mean this. What we did say,
was that it was a mistake to ascribe
the decrease in smallpox to sanitation mort than the general decrease in infectious disease which
would be due to proper sanitary
'precautions. We based this argument on the fact, that whilst
smallpox, under vaccination, de-
creased from 300 cases per 100,-
000, to less than 1; other diseases,
such as diphtheria, whooping cough
and measles, whilst they have decreased In the same period of time,
some 150 years, have not decreased
In anything like the samo proportion; moreover, smallpox In a community, attacks the best protected
parts of the district just as impartially as It attacks the slums o
■poorer   quarters.
We 1have not space to correct
every mis-statement, as we consider
them, in the article; but we confess
we do not understand how the an
tis get their figures with regard
to Germany and the Philippines;
notably, the statement that municipal
records show thousands of cases
a tack and death through smallpox
even In newly-vaccinated persons In
Germany. We cannot believe this
without proof. The experience of
Vancouver In the last two years has
been very illuminating in this
gard: last year 170 cases odd, of
whom only about 17 had been vac
cltmted, none loss thnn 30 years ago
—this year over 376 cases, of whom
none have been vaccinated less than
20 years ago. This sort of thing is
repeated over and over again; and,
to our minds, can hear only one
interpretation: that vaccination
does      protect      against      smallpox.
BLUE!
NO wonder I You require (food music
In the lioiiii' to di.Hpel that blue
feeling, Oet n PHONOLA now, ami a
Belectlop of nine, snappy rocords.
Latest Style
Phonola Console Models
Oak   Walnut and Mahogany
Pitted with new Spiral Driven Motor
which   plays   live  elections  with  one
winding,
$95.00
On Easy Tarnia.       Without Inter.*!
liowls Leads)   Follow Who Oan!
LEWIS PIANO HOUSE
LTD.
1044 ORANVILLE STREET
VANCOUVER B. O.
BIG MUSICAL COMEDY
POR THE ORPHEUM
or prejudiced." Of course, we are
told the "virus was unsatisfactory."
We always knew that. But will this
help the 59,741 victims of smallpox
who died in 1918-19 in the Phillip-
pines. Again the vaccination was
not properly done,
Let us look briefly at the third ar.
tide by the pro-vacclnist. It is
asserted that every country in the
world shows that vaccinated people
"almost to a man escape smallpox
if vaccination Is recent and escape
death even if done 20 or 30 years
before." Again we remark, that we
must believe the writer believes this
statement; but It demonstrates that
he knows practically nothing about j
the subject under discussion. In answer to question 9090 before the
royal commission on vaccination,
third report, it was shown that the
percentage of vaccinated patients In1
the London smallpox hospital was
94.6% in 1879. Mr. Wheeler stated
that the vaccinated patients of High-
gate hospital had long been over
90% and are now 94 or 95%. The
hospitals of the Metropolitan Asylums board give the following: Hom-
erton hospital, 85% vaccinated;
Deptford hospital, 87%. Of course,
we shall be told that these were not
properly vaccinated.
The thoughtful reader will see
how difficult it Is to deal with an
opponent who excuses the hundreds
of thousands of smallpox cases and
deaths ambng the vaccinated by
saying it was not properly done.
What Is proper vaccination?
Dr. Copeman says that vaccination
is "tho intentional transference to
the human being of the eruptive disease of cattle called cowpox." (Encyclopaedia Brltannica, llth edition).
Will somebody please tell us how
many marks constitute proper and
successful vaccination ? We have
had authorities tell us one good
mark was sufflclent, other say two,
others again four, six, ten, and up
to twenty. We may be ignorant,
Our cry goos forth, "Where are the
wise?" We want to know.
Further, we have had for vaclnal
purposes: cow-pox, horse-grease-
cow-pox, donkey.pox {the Invention
of O'Hara), goat-pox, buffalo-pox
(the stink compelled fts discontinu.
ance). humanized lymph, glyecerln-
nted calf lymph, and, in the offing
Is a whisper of chloroformed calf-
lymph. Before the royal commission, it was acknowledged that no
guarantee of lymph could be given.
The writer has some of the claims
made by various purveyors of vaccine virus, and the tragedy of the
whole business is seen upon reading
them. Lack of space precludes their
reproduction. Suffice It to say, that
each purveyor tells of the troubles
and calamities following the use of
1 other vaccines, and assures the-world
that his product Is the only reliable
one, And so the game goes on. We
would advise a careful comparison
of the vaccination and smallpox
statistics of unvacclnated Leicester
with the army and navy of England.
We commend for consideration the
report of Dr. Frederick, medical
officer of health for Cleveland, Ohio,
1901, where he refers to the 1901
epidemic of smallpox ln his city, and
states that "smallpox was only eliminated when vaccination was abandoned in favor of sanitation."
Finally, we know many medical
men who honestly believe in vaccination. The writer has friends among
them In more than one country. We
like to feel that the highest motives
nre behind the opponents with
whom we join issue. We deprecate
the holler .than-thou attitude, no
matten what side to n dispute assume it. Let us look for truth, not
for something to smash an opponent.
Truth will out. The devil himself
cannot hinder It. To seek to enforce
our opinions upon those who feol
they know better ls unjust, to seek
to enforce tbem by legislation is
criminal. Lot us give heed to the
poet Cowper.
Hear the just    law—the    judgement
fi-om the skies;
He  who  halts truth, shall    he    the
dupe of lies;
And  he who  will  be  cheated  to  the
last,
Delusions   strong  ns   hell   shall   bind
him fast.
H. N.
"The Gingham Girl," a somewhat
different musical comedy, will entertain theatregoers at the Orpheum
theatre, October 27, 28 and 29. This
piece was first presented at the Earl
Carroll theatre, where it ran for one
solid year; it played five months in
Chicago and had long runs in Boston
and Philidelphla, which is a guarantee of worthwhile entertainment. The
book Is the work of Daniel Kusell,
a young author who became famous
throug writing the play; it tells a
pretty love story, bubbling with wholesome humor, in scenes laid in a
quaint New England town and in
New York city. Music is by Albert
Von Tllzer, lyrics by Neville Fleeson,
dances and ensembles by Sammy Lee,
and the production was staged by the
celebrated director, Edgar MacGregor.
J. S. Woodsworth
(Continued from page 1)
The grenteMt nssistanco that tbe
renders of The Federatlonist cun render us ut this time. Is by securing a
new subscriber. By doing ao yon
ftprend the news nf tbe working class
movement and assist un.
Failure to protect means ono of three
things: Inadequate or Incorrect
vaccination, the lapse of a long
time since vncclnntlon or a very
marked susceptibility to thc disease
—but failure is very rare.
ers had become dependent. So
wretched had conditions become ln
days gone by, tlmt men were actually
In competition with their own wives
and children. Trades unionism was
the result.
He then pointed out that it was
soon found that the political freedom and democracy that we had attained in the years gone by, was inadequate to cope with our needs as
workers. The workers having been
deceived by the owning class into
believing that their freedom to vote
for either liberals or conservatives
was to gain them their freedom, have
now come to realize that to gain their
own emancipation they must, themselves, enter into the political arena
and deal with the social problems In
the light of socialism. What has obtained in Great Britain in this regard, he said, was destined to occur
the world over, and it was high time
that the middle classes should learn
something of the meaning of this
great movement.
The workers were beginning to resent, most bitterly, the attitude assumed by the controllers ,of the big1
monopolies, for so effectively have
they gained the control of the means
of life, that the average man and
woman Is little better than a slave,
for they feel, and rightly so, that
those who control their "jobs" control their very lives. So effectually
have these powers gnlned control
that they can utilize them to control
our political machinery in a manner
that few of us who may not have
come In Intimate contact with ' it,
realize. That power is certainly not
used in the interests of the masses,
hut rather, to further the interests
of (he few, who to-day, dominate]
the industrial life of our country,
The speaker pointed out how the
small business men, who a few years
ago, thought themselves independent,
are now feeling the economic pressure, which this system is imposing upon then>. Even the
farmers, once thought to be
most independent class in' society,
nre finding that the men who own
the mortgage on their farms really
own their farms. It was, therefore,
evident that the present system was
gradually making itself felt, in nc
unpleasant manner upon those who,
but a few years ago, felt that the
cries nnd wails of the workers was
the result' of their own misdoings,
nnd not of the system under which
they were living. They are finding
out differently now, as is evidenced
by the many mortgages on the farms
and the failures of the small business
men throughout this dominion.
It wns pointed out that there were
but 13 banks in Canada to-day, and
that out of this number four were doing approximately 70 per cent of the
banking business of the land, Here,
too, It was shown what an enormous
power the few controllers of such in
stitutions had; and how they were
not using these powers for the good
of the masses of mankind, but were
rather using them to further their
own Interests at the expense of mankind. The inter-locking of the di
rectorships of banks, trust oompan
les, insurance companies, education
a] institutions, railway companies, Industrial establishments and oven the
churches, received the speaker':
tentlon.
The big struggle that is going on in
the world to-day is, he said, between
those who want to koep things as
they are and those" who want a newer
and a better order of society wh
lhe only struggle that need bo, will
be one whore we will strive to tnko
from nature those tilings which wore
necessary for our well being atid to
so organize society that such nocessl
ties will be available for all* those
who are contributing their Jurft share
to the society In which thoy live and
move and hnvo their being. Such I
tbe policy of the labor movement.
ROSES!   ROSES!!
FORCED TO SELL MY HIGH-GRADE
ROSE  BUSHES
Price from 25c Up
W. D. JONES
Brockton Point Light-house, Vancouver, B, C.
Phone, Seymour 2051
Sixteen song numbers, three big finales
and six dancing features are introduced. Among the songs are: "The
Twinkle in Your Eye," "You Must
Learn the Latest Dances," "As Long
as I Have You," "Tell Her While the
Waltz is Playing," "The Wonderful
Thing We Call Love," and others. The
cast is composed of representative
metropolitan players seldom seen
away from New York theatres, Including; Madeleine MacMahon, Eddie
Fetherston, Francesa Hill, Flo Irwin,
Jack Waldron, Lillian Young, Thomas
Keogh, Vera Thomas, Amy Dennis,
George Thom and other notable artists.
An ensemble of sprightly singing and
dancing girls are an important factor.
Your friends might be glad to subscribe for The Federatlonist If you
asked them.   Try.
Opponents of
Second Narrows
Bridge Answered
THB North Vancouver Oity Council h»ve
unanimously passed a resolution answering the objections raised to the building of
the Second Narrows bridge, and the North
Vancouver Board of Trade, at its annual
meeting last night, also endorsed the resolution, which reads as follows:
WHEREAS, the Second Narrows bridge Ib
being built as a joint undertaking of four
municipalities, viz., the Olty of North Vancouver, the Dlstriot of North Vancouver, the
District ot West Vancouver and tbe City of
Vancouver, acting through a corporation owned and controlled by them for that purpose,
and known as the Burrard Inlet Tunnel &
Bridge Company, Incorporated by Act of Parliament.
AND WHEREAS, the work has been declared to be for the general advantage of Canndn;
AND WHEREAS, the plans have been approved by the Hon. the Minister of Public
Works, the Chief Engineer of Public Works,
and the Vancouver Harbor Commissioners
and have received the const.nt and approval
of tho Qovernor-Qeneral-In-Councll.
AND WHEREAS, the Federal Department
of Justice has declared that all applications
for tbo aforesaid approvals were properly and
logaily made;
AND WHEREAS, tho Board of Railway
Commissioners has Approved of the detailed
plans of the structure;
AND WHEREAS, the Bylaws authorising
the raising of tho money for this purposo
wero passed by the ratepayers in December,
1922, and re-voted in July, 1923, almost
unanimously;
AND WHEREAS, widespread newspaper
publicity was given to the proposed Bylaws
and to the result of tho votes on such Bylaws
and to the type of bridge to be constructed;
AND WHEREAS, a contract, dated 12th
September, 1923, and a supplementary contrnct, dated 1st February, 1924, were entered
into with tho Northorn Construction Company
and Oeneral J. W. Stewart, for the price of
$1,438,306; and actual construction work
was begun In October, 1923, and has been
continued steadily during the past twelvo
months; and great newspaper notoriety has
bcen given during the past year to tho prog.
ri'ss made from timo to time with the work,
particularly as each pier was commenced and
finished.
AND WHEREAS, nearly throe-quarters of
a million dollars hns already been expended,
and a further liability of about half a million
dollars incurred for steel superstructure now
being fabricated by tho Dominion Bridge
Company, in accordance with the plans;
AND WHEREAS, no person Ttas objected
to the plans or the type of bridge up to within a few days ago, when eortain persons Interested In sawmill* and in tho towing of
booms of logs, suddenly demand that the
bridge be not completed; Home of them
suggesting that the harbor should ue bridged
by a singlo span high-level bridge, or that a
dam be substituted, oither of which would
cost many nddltioiml millions of dollars,
which nre not available from any sourco whatever;
AND WHEREAS, (be principal objection
now raised for thu first time is that the plors
of the bridge will interfere nith tho towing
of booms of logs through the harbor, under
en old custom or practico whereby booms of
logs, approximate one-third of a mile long,
hnve been carried up tho harbor on the incoming tide, without any necessity for exercising Hdequate control thereof;
AND WHEREAS, with the great increaso
in shipping expected from the grain trade,
moro stringent harbor regulations curtailing
thf length of booms and compelling adequato |
control thereof will bo required to ensure the
safety of ships anchored in the stream; andl
with log booms under such adequato control
the piers of the bridge will constitute no Interference ;
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED,
that the Council of the City of North Vancouver is uiiiiintnmisly of tho opinion that the
construction of the Second Narrows bridge is
of great advantage to the whole of Greater
Vancouver, and that it In extremely unfair
that objections to the type of bridge should
be raised now for the tirst time by persons
who stood by and watched this great undertaking being carried to ils present stage,
without any protest on their part;
AND BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that
a ropy of this Resolution be forwarded to
the Rt. Hon. the Prime Minister, tbe Hon.
the Minister of I'lihlic Works and the Hon.
the Minister of Murine nnd Fisheries for the
Dominion of Canada.
-SALE OF—
CONGOLEUM
RUGS
Our entire stock selling at reduced prices
Every Rug perfect, every design new, every color
beautiful. They are wonderfully durable, sturdily
withstanding      the
. ,«■* mmmm-      wear of busy feet
' M "UR    They are made in one
piece and lie flat on
the floor without fas-
K*j__§s__a teninB of ^yWn?1-*
they never curl up at
the edges or corners.
These are the rugs we
'oMSmi        offer   this   coining
(ongoJBIM    Week at sale prices;
v **„.   allsizesforallro()m8;
easy to clean, and absolutely waterproof.
Gold Seal Congoleum Art Rugs
Size 9x6 feet.    Regular AQ  «fj
»9.76 for    <PO»0d
Size 9x7M feet.    Begular *f A Ag
J12.00 for vlViiIu
Size 9x9 feet.    Regular 410 OK
SUM for.   g_A—eVD
Size 9x1014*   Regular <C1 R   1 f_
116.60 for    tj> 1 Ot A V
Size 3x12.    Regular **fc 1 7 OK
tl9.00 for  *V* * ttmsO
Attractive reductions ln other sizes ranging down to Aa_*e
the 18x86-inch rugs at  ***ef**t
'   /VAH0ODVBE, B. 0.
Long Distance Calls
Are Much Cheaper
When Made at Night
UNDER £ho new scale of night rates for longdistance conversations thc charge between
8:30 p.m. and 7 a.m. is thc lowest in the history
of this Company. The new rates are on a bnsis
of approximately twice, and in some cases,
three times, thc day period, at two-thirds the
day rate.
On.* long-distance conversation will often do
moro in expediting business than the exchange
of a numb _ of letters. Speed is one of the
principal -dvantages of long-distance, and thc
effect of personal contact by wire is also valuables While long-distance has for years proven its worth as a servant of business, it has its
place in the social sphere as well, for a chat by
wire between distant friends is most enjoyable,
and arrangements regarding visits and other
matters arc speedily made through the longdistance service.
The rate clerk would be glad lo answer any
inquiries.
BRITISH COLOMBIA TELEPHONE  COMPANY
Nanaimo and District
Wide interest is being manifested in the splendid Educational Articles now
appearing as regular features in
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Official Organ of the
*"'■*■     FEDERATED LABOR PARTY OF   BRITISH COLUMBIA
These Articles of Advanced Thought are highly appreciated and extensively
read by many labor men and women who think as well as work.
Subscription Price: Year, $2.50; Six Months, $1.50; 5 Cents per Copy.
The Federationist will be pleased to receive News Items, as well as Manuscripts bearing upon the Labor Question in Its Widest Application
to Society Today.
Sample Copies may be obtained from the representative of the B. C. Federationist, who will also be pleased to receive copy and subscriptions for the
paper, namely:
THOS. A. BARNARD
Book Seller and Stationer
63 COMMERCIAL STREET, NANAIMO, B. C. PAGE FOUR
SIXTEENTH YEAH.    No. 43 gjRTTJgg   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVER, ac.
FRIDAY October  24,  192*1
OTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
¥ McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
-CARDS FOR—
WHIST  DRIVES
GET YOUR OFFICIAL PROGRESSIVE
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
ONE DOLLAR ($1.00) A HUNDRED, AT
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
1129 HOWE STREET       Phones: Sey. 7421,4490
Five Hundred Score Tablets, 20c each
Court Whist Cards, 15c per dozen; $1.25 per 100
TIMELY TOPICS
1 Ywh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Planta,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
.     FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
48 Haatings Street East        2—STORES—2        US GranvUle Street
•Sey. »88-e;_l "SAX IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 9519-131)1
Canadian Pacific Railway
THE IMPERIAL
L«av*M Dally at 9 p.m.
A Through Train to Montreal
Making all important stop*, and cwrfea
A Through Sloaplng Car to Chicago
via Minneapolis & St. Paul
In addition to flnt-clati coach, tourist car,
standard sloopors, dinar and compartment
observation car.
FaraiRtensitioa aad rsMnatttat apply at TICKET OFFICES:
Vmcomr Dsptt, Mai Vancwnr ar 434 Hattinfi W.
TT has been reported that Premierfion with the Janet Smith murder, we
*■■ King soon after his arrival ln
Vancouver wended his weary way to
the cenotaph, where he placed a
wreath of flowers, in loving memory
of the dead heroes. That's very good
of him, but we feel sure that some of
the widows and orphans of these
dead heroes would very much, appreciate his consideration of their needs;
but, of course, they would naturally
appreciate a more remunerative and
substantial form of consideration.
t      *      *
We might add, that we feel certain
that many of our returned men
would like to have him give their
cases some of his personal attention.
They have done their part for their
country, and have received but a
fraction—a miserable pittance—aB
remuneration, In comparison with
those who stayed at home, even to
govern (?) our fair dominion. When
will our political representatives do
—what appears to the average man
on    the street—to    be    the    decent
thing?
• *     •
The girl strikers of the E. B, Eddy
match factory at Hull, Que., must be
made of the "real stuff." So efficient
were they in restraining the superliv
tendent and other employees that
police were placed in front of the
company's property to protect lt.
Sounds so natural, doesn't lt? Police
called to protect property! The girls
can starve. We wonder how long the
great mass of the workers are going
to continue to perpetuate such a
system. Why blame our present politicians after they—the workers—put
them there?
• •      •
If It is true that the Sun published
an "extra" a short time ago, regarding the startling confession of some
rather Influential citizen,' in connect-
DR. W. F. E. DDRRANT
CHIROPRACTOR
Palmer Graduate
Backache,   Sprains,   Rheumatism, Stomach and all Internal Troubles.
SIXTH FLOOR (615)
DOMINION BANK BUILDING
207 HASTINGS ST. W.
Phone, Seymour 1966
Your Income
Depends on Your Eyes
Don't forget that the dollars
you earn are in a great measure dependent on your eyesight. Be sure Your Eyes Are
Right. It ls the Only Safe
and Sensible Way. This is our
business and our only business.
PITMAN
OPTICAL HOUSE
615 HASTINGS STBEET W.
Upstairs, ovsr Woolworth'8 Store
DR.   FORSYTHE,   PALMER   GRADUATE
Chiropractor, 709   Dunsmuir   St;    10*6.
Sey. 6789.   Evg_. by appt.; Sundays, 3-1.
B.C FEDERATIONIST
Official Organ of the
FEDERATED LABOB PARTY OF BBITISH COLUMBIA
Published in the Interests of AU Workers
•THE party is desirous of making what contribution it can to the better-
-*- ment of society. It realizes that the most effective method to accomplish this end is by educating the masses through the medium of its press,
and likewise the best literature procurable regarding the Labor movement. There is no other means available to the workers to voice their
opinions. Work with us to make The Federationist a mighty power for
good in Vanoouver and throughout British Columbia, Principles, not
personalities, are alone desirable,
Contributions for The Federationist are always welcome. Be brief
and write on one side of the copy paper. Matter for publication should
reach this offlce by Tuesday. Advertisements received up to Wednesday
noon.
You must have The Federationist in the home each week to keep in touch
with the City, Provincial and Federal and International Labor Movement.
Subscription Bate: United States and foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada,
$2.50 per year, $1.50 for six months,
JOB PRINTING
Estimates will be furnished on all kinds of work,
gladly offer his services to those desiring them.
Our solicitor will
B. C. FEDERATIONIST
1129 HOWE STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C.
wonder why so few copies got out to
the public. If the few copies which
reached the street were recalled, we
wonder why. We doubt that If the
average worker were to get into such
an unfortunate predicament there
would be made not even a feeble attempt to save his reputation. Is it
to be wonedred at that the average
thoughtful! worker , views our ■prtawf'
social and economic system with contempt?
* *     *
We saw in the dally press the other
day a despatch giving the name of
two Edmonton girls who had been
arrested for having stolen property
in their posesssion. Is there no other
way of treating such girls—especially
lf it is their first offence—without
broadcasting their names far and
wide. What chance have these girls
ever to return to their rightful place
In society after that? We feel that,
at least, it should be forbidden for
our daily press to publish anyone's
name until after they have been convicted  of the crime.
After reading the figures as given
by Premier King nt the Arena the
other night, of the debts incurred by
Canada through the late great war,
we have come to the conclusion that
anyone who agrees with a war policy
should be examined for their sanity.
We are suffering and will continue to
suffer for generations to come from
the effects of a war that was to make
the world safe for democracy. HaB
it? We don't think so. It has made
the burden much harder and the only
ones who have reaped any benefit are
those who became milionairds at the
expense of thoae who "did their bit"
but who stayed at home safe from
the flying shells.
* '   •     •
Mr. Lloyd George Is again shrieking the old parrot cry about Germany
as a trade rival. Germany is a trade
rival alright, but not in the way he
means; not through "sheer cussed-
ness," or because she is more progressive, but becauso of the Dawes
plan. The markets of all countries
are being literally choked with cheap
German goods . . . because of Germany's "guilt." Tet this "formidable rival" is in desperate straits and
the workers are forced to endure
starvation wages and the lowest possible, standard of living.
* **      *
Men like Lloyd George do all they
can to increase race prejudice. One
does well to remember what Pres-
dent Wilson said (before America
entered the war, of course): "Have
you ever heard what started the war?
It was mutual suspicion, an interlacing of alliances, a complex web of
intrigue and spying."
* *      *
The minister of education (South
Australia) is being petitioned to cut
out anything that leads to the glorification of war, lest It become "the
winding sheet of our liberties and
those of our children."
* •      *
A correspondent in the Sun compares the action of Australia, which
does not allow migration from the
Orient, with that of Canada which
does. Perhaps it doesn't pay Australia to employ colored labor, but lt
does pay Canada, or they would not
be there. We advise the writer to refer back to the beginning of the
trouble here. The capitalists brought
coolie labor over to Canada because
It was cheaper than white labor; and
for the same reason, the capitalists
retain them. Colored labor helps
keep the white workers in order because they are not easily organized
and because they are not allowed the
franchise. Capitalists have no race-
prejudices whatever; they only think
tn terms of dollars.
Education and Art
Under Soviet Rule
(Continued from page 1)	
and beauty, and handed it on to himself and his children as their birthright.
The masses have never known life
and beauty, and never can until they
are free from want. A mere existonce,
not life, is their lot. The blossom of
love, which is thc seed of art and
beauty, Is blasted in embryo, in tenement and slum life and capitalism, not
bolshevlsm Is the poisonous weed that
destroys.
Art In its many manifestations, has
a new meaning message for tho Russian people of today, who are more
alive than over to its power and mean
ing.
Instead of art being scoffed at and
killed by the bolshevlsts, It Is encour
aged In every way, even to the extont
of tftate nid.
The Russian artists, who have been
touring Kurope and America for the
past three years, prove this to be an
other of the vicious lies sent out by
that relentless enemy of all people, the
press. Lately facts compel them to
contradict their lies. The London
Press advised its readers, "even at the
risk of using Up their vacation money
not to miss seeing tho players from
the Jloscow art theatre, who were to
be In London last June."
Last winter, a troupe appeared flt
tho Scala theatre, and tho Coliseum.
Tbo proms bad this Comment: "In their
Sunny Spain ballet at tho Coliseum,
the Russian Romantic Theatre company made an ovon bigger hit than
tbey made Inst week In & Venetian
sotting. London has seen no moro
perfect, or moro varied dancing, no
more effective grouping, no moro daringly brilliant color schemes.
In September in ono column, the
Vancouver Dally Province had the
most lurid account nf horrors- being
inflicted nn women and children by
(he bolshevlsts In tbo supposed carni
val of slaughter in Georgia, and in another part of the paper had the following: "Indubitably the Imperial
Russian Players offer the finest act
seen here in a decade. There are 30
of these Slav artists, hailing from the
Winter Palace of Petrograd. (Evidently the Winter Palace at Petrograd is none too good to house these
artists.) Myer Golden sponsored
them, staging with his skilled manner
a gigantic spectacle wherein all the
artists are seen at once. The dancing
of Vlasta Maslova, the excellent songs
of Olga Kazansltaza and the excellent
solo work of Philip Pelz, who also
conducts his symphonlsts—24 artists—
who play nothing but stringed instruments, all make for a delightful treat.
Floods of harmony swept the audience,
and Russian songs by a male quartette were equally popular, the scenic
effects are most artistic and added
much to the proper atmosphere."
Those who witnessed this act could
not fail to be impressed with its
beauty, refinement and finish, nor to
rejoice at the appreciation and applause of the audience, neither could
they help comparing it with the coarse
songs, jazz music, vile coloring and altogether vulgar vaudeville "stunts,"
the setting into which civilization flung
this gem of art. The Russian artists
must have gone away feeling that what
art was suffering from ln most countries was civilization.
Trotzky, the arch Russian terrorist,
in an interview recently with Arthur
Ransome of the Manchester Guardian,
expressing himself on the subject of
art, said: "No change finally justifies
Itself until it iB accompanied by a corresponding change in art. The successful solution of the elementary
problems of nourishment, clothing,
warmth, even of primary education,
which would mark a very great social
gain, would ln no way signify the
complete and historical principles of
socialism. Only a forward mood on
the part of the whole people, and the
development of the new art would
mean that the historical grain had not
only put out a stem, but had also
given a flower. In this sense, the development of art is the highest test
of the vitality and significance of each
epoch. Culture is not the first stage
of well-being, but its final result, nnd
the new art is not to be expected until
the newly-dominant class has proved
its ability to bring about its material
well-being. The proletarian can not
prepare to create another new socialist culture and literature by a laboratory method on the basis of our present poverty, exiguity and lack of education, but only by the broad methods, becomo what they ore by virtue
of the revolution."
Thi..8 change In art is already very
evident in Russia. A new art Is shaping itself very rapidly and visibly.
I had the good fortune of being in
Russia during the exhibition in Moscow. One of tbe most interesting exhibits was in the children's pavilion,
an exhibit entirely of the children's
malting, prophetic of the future. Here
could be seen the soul of Russia that
is to be clearly unfolding and expressing itself in a realism as only the
child-nature can do.
The children in the country scoured
the storehouse of mother nature.
They collected shells, minerals, eggs,
leaves, grasses, flowers and every
conceivable thing, dried, pressed or
arranged them ln a way that would
have done credit to a first-rate museum.
The children who could neither
read nor write, told their stories in
pictures. They raked the scrap heaps
for material, and in the most ingenious way constructed all sorts of inventions, and mechanical contrivances,
wireless, sroplanes, electrical, radio,
all were there. Nothing seemed to
baffle them. ' The wails were hung
from ceiling to floor with drawings,
paintings and carvings. Everything
that the mind could conceive of and
the hand execute in the matter of furniture, machinery, clothing, arts and
crafts was to be seen. There was a
wonderfully carved set of chess and
small furniture made in ivory, model
villages, schools and communal farms
that attracted no end of comment, all
the work of children between the ages
of seven and sixteen years. They published their own paper, and conducted
the business of their exhibits with as
much assurance and intelligence as
any of the directors of the other exhibits, und afforded lessons to the older
generation, in mnny ways, never to be
forgotten.
Young Russia is being encouraged
and given a freedom to express itsolf in ways utterly impossible under
the czar.
Art, instead of smacking of class-
snobbishness and artificiality, digs
down into the verities of life, portrays
it truthfully In its many moods and
expressions. It permeateB the political and economic world with the
spirit of creation. The spirit of the
artist is entering into the veins of the
trades unionist, the peasant and the
statesman.
The best brains are not set to work
to wring from nature her secrets to
destroy life, to build battleships and
bombing planes. They are to be found
instead, solving the problems of currency, food supply, housing, etc.
along socialistic lines, fully conscious
of being members or corporate, creative organizations, all working towards the building up of a healthy
and humane society which will reflect its light in time, not only nationally but internationally as well.
LOOK V- UP FOR
Men's & Boys'
BOOTS
MEN'S BOOTS, In tan, bluoher,
solid leather, Ao  QE
from	
PINE  BOOTS,
from	
BOYS'    BOOTS—Solid    leather
kind.
HIGH TOP BOOTS,
from	
$3.50
lid    leather
$5.00
GUM   BOOTS   AND   WATER.
PllOOP   CLOTHING
W.B.Brummitt
18-20 Oordova St. West
If it Is in the best Interests of the
workers, Tho Federationist in for it.
If not, lt is against it.
Bakers Organization Campaign
William McGuern, Internationa)
representative of the Bakers' union,
returned to Seattle last week end
from a trip to Canada. He will recommend an organization campaign
for Vancouver, B. C.—Taeoma Advocate.
First Aid to tho Injured
A correspondent reading the story
about the late Dr. McLean in last
weeks issue evidently tries to go one
better and sends the following: "In
the early days of the police force in
Vnncouver, Dr. McTavish was teaching flrst aid to the injured. Addressing the constables assembled in the
class he asked: 'What Is a compound
fracture? What would you do for
flrst aid?' Officer Jack McEwan, one
of the most interested students said
'I'd get a saw and saw the bone.-
'Tut, tut,' snid the doctor, that would
never do."
Dr. Gallant, Chiropractor, 712 Robson
THE CHOICE OF THE UNIONS
CATTO'S
VERY OLD HIGHLAND WHISKY
THOROUGHLY    MATURED—ONE    OF   THE    MOST    POPULAR
BRANDS  AT   THE   GOVERNMENT   STORES
GOLD LABEL
15-YEAR-OLD
Ask (or CATTO'S.    For sale at all Govornment Liquor Stores
Thli adnrtlnment Is not published or dliplsyod br th. Liquor Control Botrd or
by tbo OoTorament of British Columbia
Demonstrating Rooms, 70 Haatings Street West.   Phone, Seymour 5105
Erection of B.C. Valve Plant and
Foundry Means Great Industrial
Advance for Vancouver
TT IS nearly two weeks since our $75,000 plant and foundry
was started, and work is progressing rapidly. When finished, we will have in operation the best-equipped and most up-
to-date foundry in Western Canada, capable of furnishing castings in bronze of the kind which previously have had to be imported at great expense from England or the United States.
This means that other industries of allied lines which previously have been handicapped will then be able to start up,
bringing new factories, new plants and new pay rolls right to
Vancouver. But beside the foundry work, and equally important from our standpoint, will be the immediate manufacture of our patented Valves and Water Taps, whicli surpass
anything on thc market up to thc present, and whieh should
pny huge dividends to our investors.
Visit Our
Demonstration
at 70 Hastings Street West and investigate this remarkable
new industry for yourself. These demonstrating rooms are
open daily until 10 in the evening for your convenience, and
will prove a revelation to you who are interested in the advancement of Vancouver and British Columbia.
If not convenient for you to call, mail the accompanying
coupon and free descriptive literature will be mailed without
placing you under the least obligation.
CLIP AND MAIL THIS COUPON TODAY
THU I!. O. VAt.VI. OO. LIMITED
510 Hastings Street West
[Dept.  P]
DEAR SIRS:
Without placing mo under nny obllsntlon, kindly forward
freo descriptive literature und Informntion regarding your new
industry.
B.C.
VALVE
COMPAiN'Y LIMITED
514 Standard Bank Building
510 Hastings Street West
Vancouver. It. t\     I-hom*. Sey. 42511

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