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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 24, 1921

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Array .INDUSTRIAL UNITY:   STRENGTH.
'"    OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOUVER! GRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL.
'-^-•"iwrnmrn •*
POUTLCAL UNITT: VICTORt
THIRTEENTH YEAR. No. 24.
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C., FRIJMff MORNING, JUNE 24,1921,
$2.50 PER YEAR
J. G. Smith Denies That
Workers' Council Broke
Up Moore's Meeting
Kavanagh Reviews Conditions Throughout
Country
Thftt unemployment ls still rife
In Greater Vancouver was demonstrated laat Sunday afternoon,
when, as a result of several requests to the Council of Workers, a
mass meeting was held In the Pender Hall. The haU wai filled, every
available seat being taken and
many had to stand. Before the
meeting closed, by an almost unanimous vote, It was decided to hold
meetings every Sunday .afternoon)
In the same hall.
At the opening of the meeting,
J. G. Smith made a statement ln
connection with Tom Moore's
meeting. He stated that It had
been reported that Birt Showier, a
delegate to the International Trades
and Labor Council, had stated that
the Workers' Council had organised a gang to break up Moore's
meeting. He said he wished to
deny this, and that whenever he
made a statement against any
member of hit class, he was willing
to place all he had behind It, and
that he was willing to bet $50 that
If Showier had made the statement
eredlted to him, that he li»d when
he made it. He pointed out that
the Council of Workers had never j
discussed the Moore meeting, until
after it was over, and that at least
80 per cent, of those present at the
meeting were members of International unions. He also stated that
the statements which had appeared In the press as to the Council's
actions, would be dealt with at the I
next meeting.
The advertising oommlttee reported that no speakers had been
arranged for, and that the committee considered that the rank and
Die should conduct the meeting In
any way that they saw fit. The report of the committee was accepted, and the meeting thrown open
for general discussion.
J. Kavanagh, who had just re-
(Contlnued on page 2)
EOF
South Vancouver Jobless
Still Seek Two-gang
System
The regular weekly meeting of
the unemployed, held last Monday,
in the Municipal Hall, South Vancouver, was well attended. From
a report of the seeretary, It was
Seamed that the number of unemployed was Increasing, there being
pow close to 600 registered.
The committee which was appointed at the last meeting to Interview Commissioner Gillespie
-with respect to the starting of more
work and the two-gang system, reported that the Commissioner had
Btated that no more work could be
given, and Mat he would give his
decision on the question of the two-
gang system after he had seen the
engineer, and the supervisor.
During the Interview, the committee was Informed that the Commissioner could not see that a man
Who left his work after he had
done Ills five and a half days' work,
would be victimized, and Intimated
that he thought such a man was
to be commended who would quit
ao that another man should get a
■hare of the work-that was going.
He, however, stated that he would
give his decision when he had seen
the engineer and supervisor. The
committee was Instructed to again
see the Commissioner, and get a definite statement from him before
the next meeting.
A delegation was also instructed
to see Commissioner Gillespie, with
the object of having more work
opened up by the starting of either
•ewer work or Improvements to the
road on Commercial street.
J. G. Smith, T. Biasett and A. S.
Wells addressed the meeting on
working class problems, each urging the workers to organize for the
coming winter. A resolution asking the O. B. U. to have representatives at the next meeting for the
purpose of taking the names of
pew members for the General
Workers Unit of that organization,
Was adopted.
Cut
This Makes Second
Made Within a
Month
(By the Federated Press)
Pittsburg—The first of the wage
cuta In the steel Industry following
those which went Into effect on
May 10, In tho various subsidiaries
of the United States Steel Corporation have been announced by the
large "Independent" steel companies ln the Pittsburg and Youngs-
town dtstrlots. ' The reductions,
amounting to 16 per cent., effective
June 16, in the opinion of close observers of the Industry, will be followed by still others In July.
The pay cuts announced at this
time were first forecast by the Federated Press three weeks ago, and
It Is regarded as certain that the
action of the "Independents" will be
followed by similar action by the
big concerns known mora strictly
as the "Steel Trust."
In addition to the wage slashes,
the Jones 9t Laughlln Steel Co, of-
this city, announces that It will
abolish all overtime, virtually. aU
the other "Independents" already
having done so.
The steel. wage cuts Invariably
have been linked up by the companies with plants about the slump
In demand, hut none of them have
made any inference to the swollen
war profits they received during the
period In which they aet their own
prices for all they could produce.
A
SECRET MICE
IT
Plenty of "Information"
Given to Seeker of
"Truth"
Haste to Find Material
for Reports Was
His Undoing
To students of Irish history, it
has alwaya been a sad feature that
at rib time during the last 700 years
has England been unable to flnd
Irishmen- who were willing to debase themselves by acting as spies
upon their fellow countrymen, who
were striving to throw off the bonds
of political and economic slavery.
Many brave men have gone to the
scaffold as the result of the work of
renegades who, while pretending
sympathy and loyalty for the cause
of freedom, have been following in
tbe footsteps of Judas and accepting gold for the betrayal of their
fellowmen. It is a well-known fact
that there are spies and stool-pigeons in every organization in
Vancouver that is working in the
cause of freedom, whether lt be
freedom from the chains of capitalism, or freedom from the yoke of
Imperialism, and although they
may flatter themselves that they are
carrying on their work without being detected, they are well known
and carefully watched. It will
therefore be nothing strange to
those who know, to hear that tbe
Self-Determination for Ireland
League has lately been dishonored
by the presence of a north of Ireland renegade whose smooth ton
gued treachery was only exceeded
by his asslnlne ignorance. But here
is the story:
A few days after the arrival of
Grattan-Esmonde in this city, an
Irishman arrived and took a room
In the Barron Hotel. He quickly
made himself known to Esmonde,
and to other Irishmen, who are
members of the Self-Determination
League, but Just a little too quickly
for the success of the work which
he had come to do. He gave his
name as Thomas Bell, and he had
just arrived from County Antrim,
where he stated he had earned the
enmity of his Protestant neighbors
by being too friendly with the Sinn
Feiners, but he was not sufficiently
friendly to flght for them; nor was
he one of those Ulstermen who had
fought for the 'freedom of Belgium
In the world war. Spying was more
In his line. Although suspected, he
was allowed to Join the Self-Deter-
mlnatlon League, and every opportunity was given him to learn all
there was to know; he was even
asked suddenly at a meeting, as
one just out from Ireland, to make
a speech, which he did. He was
undoubtedly nonplussed, but he
condemned the Black and Tans In
no uncertain manner, and later the
(Continued ou page 3)
U. S. Interests Fear the
Consequences of
Peace
States May Apply Soft
Pedal to the
Allies
(By The Federated Press)
New Tork.—"There remains, too,
the more difficult problem of collecting the reparation payments ln
■uch a way as not to derange further the European economic syitem.
It ls the judgment of most authorities that the Indemnity payments
following the Franco-Prussian War
of 1870 benefited the defeated nation more than tho victors."
Except for Its delicate phraseology, the above Is precisely what
every person not blinded by war Insanity has been saying ever since it
became certain that the Allies
meant to strangle Germany, If necessary, to grab every dollar of
booty they could lay their hands
on. But thiB comes from the eminently respectable and conservative Guaranty Trust Company of
New York.
To be sure, the Guaranty Trust
uses the usual language of finance
and diplomacy to cover the raw,
coarse fact that It fears the Allies,
in their effort to do to Germany
what Germany meant to do to
them, will throw European Industry Into such a condition that
American Industrial and flnanclal
interests will be deprived of European profits.
That the Guaranty Trust Is realty
alarmed Is Indicated by the further
comment lt makes. "As our object," It says, "Is the restoration of
a genuine peace, ln which Germany
to the best of her ability will make
adequate reparation for the harm
done by her, it Is most Important
that she preserve the economic capacity to fulfill her obligations. To
secure this end without encouraging the domination of Europe by
any country will indeed be a task
of statesmanship."
France and England owe
America a lot of money. It has
been observed repeatedly in the
past that "diplomacy," American
as well as foreign, In "delicate"
situations such as this, takes Its
cue from "finance." If American
finance is beginning to get sleepless
for fear England and France will
over-reach themselves in Germany,
It Is pointed out that a "soft-pedal"
may be expected to operate on the
Allied demands on Germany before
long.
Claimants  Against Premier Mine Co. Should
Send! Addresses
MotAllferous Miners Industrial Unit
of the O. B. U., re the Damage
Case Against the Premier Gold
Mining Co., lttliO.
The Court of Appeals ln Victoria
has unanimously decided In favor
of the men in the above .ease, and-
the lawyers need the present ad
dresses of the claimants in order to
get written authority to collect thie
damages from the opposition law;-;
yers.
Communications have already
been sent to those whose addresses
are here given. If any of these are
the correct addresses at the present
time, no further action on thetr
part ls necessary until they receive
a communication from the lawyers.
If the addresses are not correct,
they are requested to send' tn the
proper address to the secretary,
Central Labor Council, Oj B. U.,
Box 217, Prince Rupert, Bj C,
The amount of damages awarded
by the Appeal Court is not yet
known. The Judge at the flrst heai>
Ing awarded damages at the rate,
hired at, dating from the-time .tho
boat arrived In Stewart, and eon-]
eluding on the departure' for the'
next boat for Prince Rupert. In
answer to the action of the company In appealing the case, the
men's lawyers entered a cross appeal for more damages.
Roblson, A, T and A, W, Box
871, Hazelton; Cardy, TM Admiral,
Sask.; Jordahl, L. L„ Spirit Rlyer,
Alta.; McLeod, A„ Kleanza Mining
Co., Usk; J. Brady, c|o C. Berg.lO,*
338—101st street, Edmonton, Alta,;
Wilkinson, Dan, Sedgwick Bay;
Foy, T., D. G. S, Newlngton; Hani-
son, P., Alice Arm; Czyz, P., Prince
Rupert; Callahan, J., 2514 Church
street, Galveston, Texas; J. Bell,
Terrace; Hudson, address unknown;
Marks, T., address unknown; WaU
don, R., address unknown; Stone.
A. A., address unknown; Johnson-,
O,. address unknown; Johnson, A.,
address unknown.
A MEETING OF ALL
Workers of Greater Vancouver
Under (lie Auspices of tlie Oouncll of Workers
—WILL BE HELD IN THE—
PENDER HALL
Corner of Pender and Howe Street*
Sunday Afternoon, June 26th
Commencing at 2:30
WORKICKS, WHETHER UNEMPLOYED OU NOT, ARE
REQUESTED TO ATTEND T1US MEETING
British  Authorities  Are
Looking for Russian
Funds
(By C. Lestor)
England, June 2—The prosecution of the Communists In this
country Is now attracting universal
attention, and the ordinary wage
slave cannot understand why working men are being arrested In every
part of Brituin for simply saying
what they have been allowed to
say from time immemorial.
The E. P. A. Act gives to the
government powers which are ruth
lessly applied. The offender ts so
.fixed that defence Is impossible,
causing disaffection amongst His
MaJesty'B subjects, by making a
speech entitles you to three months.
The henchmen of the ruling class
simply pick put the men they want,
and go straight and get them. What
Is behind all this?
It will be remembered that some
little time ago, a great fuss was
kicked up about the £75,000, offered to the Daily Herald by the Soviet government, and declined by
Lansbury & Co. The British authorities are under the Impression
that this money has been placed at
the disposal of the Communists,
This was the real motive that
prompted the arrest of Inkpln, and
this was the reason the police
raided the. rooms of stenographers
and othors employed at the ofllces
of the Communist newspaper. The
British government does not care a
continental about the theses of the
Third International; alt this ls camouflage. What it wants ls evidence
that will enable it to prove that the
Soviets have broken their agreement with the British authorities,
by financing revolutionary propaganda. Whatever the ruling clnss
here may say, depend upon it they
arc not through with thc Bolahe-
ylki yet by a long shot, and they
will leave no stone unturned to
bring about the downfall of our
Russian comrades. They will descend to the last depths of deceit
and treachery if necessary In order
to accomplsh ther objeot, Meanwhile things nre steadily going
from bad to worse; tho slaveg ure
getting it in the neck as never before; the clouds are gathering from
every qunrter of the political heavens, and at any moment the storm
may burst.
Aid from tlie Yukon
Henry Brockman, of Bonanza,
Yukon, has forwarded the sum of
$21, which he has collected In that
district for the Fcderntlonlst Maintenance Fund.
R. P. Pettipiece and A. Mclnnis Will Speak
forF.LP.
On Sunday last Dr. W. J, Curry
addressed a well-attended meeting,
his subject being "The Rising Tide
of Bolshevism." Many questions
were asked and an Interesting discussion followed. Next .Sunday
Comrades R. P. Pettipiece and Mclnnes will be the speakers. At the
general meeting held June 21 the
following officers were elected for.
the ensuing term: Chairman, A.
Butt; vice-chairman, W. Speed;
secretary, A. Maclmies; financial'
secretary, W. Bennet; executive, A_
Sjnowden, MrB. H. Clark, Comrades Maclnnes and Pettlplece will
be the party candidates for school
trustees at the by-election to be
held August 27. On Saturday,
June 25, a get-together meeting
will be held in the hall, 148 Cordova Street, to which all members
of the party are invited. Supper
will be served at 7 p.m., after which
the meeting will bc open for the
discussion of questions of the day
as they affect thc party pror
gramme. Ladies are asked to
bring donations and men fruit.
Executive meeting Tuesday, June
28th.
Mingo County Miners Say
Only Death Will Drive
Them Out
(By the Federated Presa)
Charleston, W. Va.—Martial law
[Was flattened out In Mingo County,
When Judge George Poffenbarger,
sitting in the Supreme Court here,
ruled that martial law Is Incident
to military occupation and cannot
be enforced except by military
forces. Since martial taw In
Mingo County le being enforced by
members of the state constabulary
and county officers, this decision
would seem to nullify the force of
Governor E, F. Morgan's proclam
atlon made about a month ago, and
putting acting adjutant general
Tom Davis In charge of the situation.
, The decision was made In the
habeas corpus proceedings brought
ln the case of A, D, Lavinder, or'
ganlzer for the United Mine Workers of America, who was arrested
three weeks ago under the martial
law order for carrying his licensed
Weapon, and held 'since, without
bonds.
Frank Keeney, president.of District 17, U. M. W. A., Sidney Hatfield, Organizer John Workman and
■several others wtll face the federal
court here June 21 for the alleged
violation of an Injunction.
Continued attempts by constabulary and mine guards to depopulate
Lick Creek, a strikers' tent colony,
have failed. Following a recent
shooting affray Instigated by con<
stabulary, the. entire male population of the colony—48 men—were
driven off like sheep, and confined
In a room 20x25 feet for two days
and one night, with nothing to He
on but a bare cement floor.
The women of the colony, as soon
as the men had been driven off,
■were advised to leave. Instantly
they answered:
"Nothing short of death for us
can break up this tent colony until
our constitutional rights have been
restored."
What    about    your    neighbor';
subscription?
AT COLUMBIA
J. Kavanagh Will Be the
Speaker at New S. P. of
C. Meeting Place
The propaganda meeting of lhe
Socialist Purty of Canada last Sunday night waB the last one to bel
held In the Empress theatre. , J.
Harrington and S. Earp were the
speakers. Both men contributed
interesting talks, which were welt]
received by the audience.
Next Sunday night the party will]
start in nt the Columbia theatre,
Hastings St J. Kavanagh will be
the speaker of the evening, and a
big meeting Is anticipated. Doors]
open ut 7:30; meeting begins at 8
p.m. Questions and discussion at
the close. A splendid "display of
working class literature at easy
prices.
Browett Reports
Comrude Browett, who wus deported u short time ago, writing to
the Federationist under date of
May 28, states that he wan held tn
Montreal in a filthy den for several
dayH along with several totally disabled soldiers, several cases of venereal disease nnd some lunatics,
all sharing common quarter*. At
the time of writing lie was on board
the S.S, Meleta off Quebec. Comrade Browett wishes to be remembered to all the reds.
Be sure to notify the post office
ss soon as you change your address,
MESni OUI
General Strike to Be Discussed by Other
Unions
The British miners by well over
the two-thirds vote necessary
turned down the offer of the mine
owners. Meanwhile the 1,000,000
miners and their 4,000,000 dependents who are facing hunger und
wnnt arc standing pat. Industries
are closing down on alt sides, and
while the embargo on foreign coul
has been lifted, the miners ure not
the only one!, that arc feeling the
pinch of the situation.
Profits are not being produced,
Production ts down to the lowest
ebb, and markets are being lost
dully. The effect ou British industry is of u far-reaching character
and the end Is not yet.
The -•eprebentatives of the unions
whose members have been threatened by wuge reductions will meet
In London today. Whether this
meeting has anything to do with
the call for a general strike In nid
,of th^ miners, which has been sent
out during the last week, remains
to be seen. The miners' representatives, however, are expected to
press for the general strjke being
called.
Workers of all kinds are contributing to the miners' fund, but it is
still Inadequate to meet the necdB
of the locked-out men and their
families.
OM DISKS
General  Workers  Want
Books for Their
Library
The regular meeting of the General Workers Unit of the O. B. U.,
held on Wednesday night, wns thc
best nttended for u long time, und
lhe new members thut have been
admitted recently were well represented.
The chief bnsiness of thc meeting was the question of unemployment, and the organization of all
who have no membership in a
working class organization. Several members spoke on the need
for organization, and the organization committee was- instructed to
attend the next meeting of thc
South Vancouver unemployed, to
place the situation before the workers of that municipality.
The library committee made nn
appeal for works dealing with the
waking clnns position, and the
meeting decided that an appeal for
works dealing with the Socialist
phi]osophy should be made through
The Federatlonist; all works should
he addressed to the Library Committee, Pender Hall, 804 Pender
street west. It Is the Intention of
thc Library Committeo to build up
ii« good a working class library, nn
any in the city, so that members of
the organization can have n selection of such works an they dehlre
to study to choose from.
Nominations for officers were
made, the election will tuke Place
at the next meeting,
HAS EXPER
OF
Jobless  Returned  Canadian Meets American ,
Legion
East and West Are Suffering from Industrial
Depression
Those seeking Jobs In these days
do not always have an easy passage. This faot was most emphatically brought home to A. Alward,
a returned man ,and a member of
the Canadian Union of ex-Service
Men, who has Just returned from a
ten weeks* trip through Canada and
the United States, In search of the
Illusive job.
Alward reports that there Is no
work, either east or west, and that
thousands are travelling; men are
being shipped from the east to the
west, and from the west to the
east, but that no where on the continent Is there more work than
there are men to do It, and that ln
every place there are numbers of
idle workers.
Comrade Alward has acquired
first-hand knowledge of the activities of the American Legion, as a
result of his trip. At Elkart, Ind.,
his acquaintance with members of
that organization was more strenuous than pleasant. Members of the
Legion, who police the railroads,
met him there and asked htm to
show hts papers. He did so, showing them his discharge papers and
his membership card In the C, N.
U, X. They tore his membership
card up, and threw the pieces In hts
face, ordered him to put up his
hands, and compelled him to keep
one or both of them up until he
had ridden near to a hundred miles,
it being Impossible /or him to'hold
both hands up all the time, while
he was travelling that distance.
When at the point whtch suited the
purpose of this self-appointed gang
of supporters of the American
brand of democrncy, Alward was
ordered to Jump from the train,
which wns travelling at the rate of
15 miles nn hour, and as he disappeared down the track, three shots
were fired, at him.
At another place he wns told by
membera of the same organizntion
thnt they would soon come over to
Canada and teach the unruly a lesson. One ex-officer stated "that we
did not win the damn war to lose
it to the Canadians." Vnncouver
Is particularly disliked by 100 per
cent. Americans, One husky "patriot" remarked that Vancouver
treated "our Mr. Goldstein in a
(Continued on page 4)
Oil). MEETK'
Many Join Up and Endorse  Attempt  to
Organize Jobless
The first meeting held by the
General Workers Unit of the O. B.
U. last Friday night, for the purpose of giving all unemployed
workers a chance to become members of a working class organizntion, was a success from every
viewpoint. Forty-five new members were admitted, and thc meeting very emphatically endorsed the
Idea promulgated by the Council of
Workers, for the organizing of the
unemployed by admitting all workers out of work Into Labor organizations, without initiation fees or
dues until work was secured. During the meeting, it was pointed out
that any worker joining under
these conditions, would not ut u
later date be compelled to pay the
Initiation fee of the dues for the
months that they were out of work.
J. G. Smith, one of the speakers,
pointed out that there was every Indication thnt the conditions would
be mueh woi-.se in the coming winter than they were during the one
Just past. He stuted that It was essential lhat those that were to re
present the unemployed must know
who they were representing, and
this could only be done by organ!
zatlnn. He also Impressed on tlu
audience the necessity of tho workers being organized, so that they
could act jn unison during tht
stress of dire need caused by unemployment,
A. 8, Wells also spoke in a aim!
lnr strain, and pointed out that If lt
had not been for the activities of
the unemployed during the past
winter, thnt tho authorities would
not have already taken up the question as to whnt the unemployed
would do next winter. He pointed
out the fact that If the powers that
be wero concorned as Io the futliro
the workers should also lie interested, and the only way they could
look after their interests, was to
become orgunized, so that (.hey
could act as a unit, instead of Inking mob action. It is expected that
another meeting of a similar nature
will bo hold In the nen.' future.
British Officer Refused to
Be Imperial Pawn
in Crisis
Recently in England, a general
court martial of exceptional interest was held. Lieut. Albert Edward
Woods, M. C, late Northumberland
Fusiliers, was charged under the
Army Act with not responding to
a proclamation calling up. the reserve of officers, and alternatively
with not responding to a direct order from the Army Council to do
so.
He pleaded not guilty. A letter
which Mr. Woods had sent to the
war offlce was then read. It was as
follows:
"I regret that It Is Impossible for
me to act in accordance with the
orders issued calling out the regular
reserve of officers. Therefore, 1
cannot report to my depot a* ordered.
"Since resigning my commission,
I have been actively Interested. In
the Labor movement, and my sym
pathieg in the present Industrial
crisis are entirely with the miners.
'This, together wtlh tho faot that
I served with the 6th Northumberland Fusiliers — largely miners,
whose sacred fellowship I value-
clearly makes It Impossible for me
to act as an Imperial pawn In a
game which has for Us object the
coercion of miners and workers
generally.
"My present attitude Is not due
(Continued on page 4)
REACTIONARIES
SEE NOUGHT
IN ITALY
Recent   Elections   Havt
Not, Strengthened
GioKtti
REACTION STILL
CONTROLS THE
Executive Report Shows
Strong Opposition to
Socialism
Fishpackers Get Cut
The Canadian Fish and Cold
Storage Company of Prince Rupert
has announced thnt effective July
1 there will be a cut In wages from
67 1-2 cents per hour to fiO cents.
Overtime rales will be cut from 75
to 70 cents por hour and from 8f>
to 75 cents per hour for holidays
and Sundays. The men have made
counter proposals.
Resolutions Demonstrate
Lack of Knowledge of
Workers' Position
The American Federation of Labor convention, now in session, has
not shown any tendencies but
which are similar to all previous
gatherings of thut body. Reaction
iii rampant aud holds the fort. The
Machinists' delegation had a resolu
tlon before the eonvention calling
for affiliation with the International
Federation of Trades Unions, but
even that body i« too Red for the
A. F. of L., and there Is no chanco
that It will get pat>t the machine
that Is elowly but surely grinding
out Its decrees aa to what the fu-
luru policy of the most reaction,,!y
Federation of Labor in existence,
elm ll be.
While every Labor organizntion
In Europe is swinging to the left,
the A. F, of L. Is attempting to
awing ir possible more to the right.
Robert M. Buck, who is reporting
the convention for the Federated
Press, commenting on tho exeoutlve
committee's report says:
"The executive council's roport is
more emphatic than ever in Its expressed opposition to Socialism,
Communism or any revolutionary
doctrine. The entire report contains about 90,000 words, 0f these
9000 are devoted to denunciation
of the .Soviet government In Russia
and the Bolshevist Party of that
country. Throughout this criticism
there runs a strong suggestion thut
Communists seek to capture tho A.
F. of L. by "boring from within."
The charge is made that there wore
"obscure und sinister mut Ives of
secret dlplomney" in the making
of a trado agreement betwoen Russia and Great Britain, and lt is
further charged that Hritish agents
are helping agitate for a similar
agreement In the United Statos. No
facts to the "sinister motives" are
set forth.
"Tho opposition to Socialism and
revolutionary doctrine Is further
voiced* In a 3000-word account of
the refusal of the A. F. of L. to affiliate with the International Federation of Trade Unions. The executive couneil reiterates Ils slntement
that the International federation Is
revolutionary and the A. F. of L. Ifl
not. and that the two philosophies
cannot be mndo to agree,
"Still other comments on revolutionary methods and theories nre
contained in n 4000-word report on
relations with the Labor movement
in Mexico and other countries In
the Pan-American Federation of
Labor. Finally, In its utterance on
industrial democracy, the executive
council adds the wnrd "alone" to
(Continued on page 3)
Idea of Collaboration May
Caus^SpKt in Ranks
of Radicals
(By Clara Wold)
(Federated Frees Staff Correspondent)
Milan—According; to Serratl, il
the Socialist Party gets by the
shoals of "collsborlsmo," the Socialists of Italy will go to power,
and will take over the parliamentary government across the new
election. *
There Is unquestionably, however, a strong section of the party
holding out for collaboration with
the government—as many as half '
the strength of the party perhaps;
never with Oiolltti, to be sure, but
possibly with his successor. There
Is no question thst the success of
the Socialist Party in electing practically its old quota of parliamentarians in the face of a reaction as
bitter as that JUBt K°n* through, is
one of the outstanding events of recent labor history.
Italy's business press finds slim
comfort after all in the fact that
the Reds lost only 17 or 18 seats—
at least 12 of these lost because
Fascist! at the .point of guns prevented workingmen from voting—
when the first expectation was that
they would lose at least 100. Rather dismally It notes that the only
result of arousing Rome the government seat, to go to the polls was to
Increase the Red vote. In less than
two years the Socialist vote
changed from 12,081 to 15.727 in
Rome. Add to this the Communist vote and the figures mount to
19,664, making the entire Socialist
vote almost double whnt lt was in
Rome In 1919.
A little more cheerfully the press
comments on the apparent defeat
of the Communists and the support
of the less red programme of the
Socialists. In Torino, the strongest
centre of Communism, the Communists lost heavily. It must be remembered, however, thst thousands
of workmen abstained from voting.
(Continued on page 4)
Conservatives   Cease   to
Feed Children and Use
Money for Defense
Christiana—Between 130,000 and
160,000 workers of Norway are idle.
They are out to support the sallon
In their flght against wage reductions, and although negotiations between the ship-owners und the men
were opened some time ago, they
have hnd no result. The Conservative majority of the Christiana municipal council has decided, as an
aet of class-war, to cease the granting of free meals to 11,000 school
children—granting instead fundi
for arms and barbed wire defensa
to the polico.
There ts no glimpse of a settlement, as negotiations have been
broken off. A sort of Soviet force,
or workmen's civil guard, Is In control of nil trafflc In the town of
Hummerfest, The police have
deemed it wise to recognize this
body, nnd the military guard Is to
be sent home.
A remarkable incident Is reported from Blverun, where a meeting
of 200 militnry recruits sent fraternal greetings to the strikors, adding: "Long live the solidarity of the
-leers nnd soldiers."
Moro Help for the Fed.
The Finnish Socinlist Local
Myrsky," Sointula, B. C. held a
picnic recently, and the Income
amounted to $54,90. This sum,
less postage, has been divided betweon the Federatlonist nnd
Vnpaus, the Finnish Socialist
pnper. published at Sudbury, Ont.
The maintenance fund of the Fed-
era lionlM Ifl therefore the gainer by
$27.30.
Stewart Helps •
C. II. Luke of Stewart, B. C, has
forwarded the sum of $33,10. The
Strike defense committee of thnt
town had some money left over
after the strike affairs were settled
and sent It on to the Federationist
maintenance fund.
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
804  PENDER STREET  WEST
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Dcterm ination l-engiie.
MONDAY—Piledrivers.
THURSDAY—Workers' Council,
SATURDAY—Dftneo, 9 to 12. )<mj3__
ifflE B. C. FEDERATIONIS
Pub-lab., d erery ttiiay morning fcy Tkt & 0,
L Federatlonist, Limited
THiirrraimi nant  No. 14   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIOMS-T
— ,i i i,.|   tt    i- ii    ,__■
VANCOUVER, a a
..June 24,  l'rtl
A. B.  WELLS...
..Manager
Offlce:   Room 1, Victoria Block, 342 Pender
Street Weet
Telephone Seymour 6871
BubseriMlon Bates: United Statea and Foreign,
13.00 per year; Canada, .2.50 per year, 11.50
for alx monthi; to Unlona suoscrlblng ln a
body, 16c per member per month.
Unity of labor; The Hope of tbe World
..June 24, 1921
MOST CHILDREN gather much
amusement' in their early days
from the childish pastime of blowing
bubbles. The larger the bubbles, and
the more pronounced the colors, the
' ^',the, greater the amuse-
MORE -':: ment of those engaged
BUBBLES in   this   innocent   if
TO BURST* soapy  pastime.     The
fact that the bubbles
. have no permanence, and only dissolve
into thin air immediately after they are
produced, does not worry the children;
they have been amused, and that is all
that they aro seeking to accomplish.
While blowing soap bubbles is largely
confined to children, thc practice of
creating mental, airy nothings is largely
indulged in these days by the grownups, and especially by members or beneficiaries of the present system of society.
One of these mental bubbles was- sprung
on an unsuspecting public last week,
wjien several people in Vancouver, who
know nothing of the causes of unemployment, foregathered to solve this problem. The result of their combined wisdom was expressed when it was decided
.   to form an Economic Council.
* * *
The purpose for whieh the Economic
Council is to be formed, is to evolve a
policy that will bring real relief to the
unemployed situation, that at this time
prevails throughout the province, and
which those who attended thc moeting
are at least afraid will become worse
during the coming months. It might be
noticed that amongst thoso prcscut were
representatives of the various organizations whose members are of the business
element, and such organizations as the
Employers' Association, the Canadian
Manufacturers' Association and the -B.
C. Loggers''Association, and the International Trades and Labor Couneil. Dur-
ing the last few months, very little interest hat been manifested by the business element in the unemployed situation.
But times have changed. Business is
bad. Storekeepers aro being hit pretty
hard. The employers are finding it extremely difficult to get rid of the products that, they have on hand. Lumber
manufacture™ are bewailing the fact that
there is over a hundred and fen million
feet of fir logs lying in the water, and a
million feet more per day are being produced than the mills ean handle, and as
a minister stated, "There is a bigger Red
element in Vancouver than ever before.
Naturally, under these conditions, business is alarmed. Alarmed because their
interests are now being affected by the
continued unemployment. Storekeepers
cannot sell their wares. Lumber manufacturers cannot get rid of their products, more Reds are being produced, so
the "unemployed situation Is to be
"solved."
* * *
Press reports of the meeting at which
this now British Columbia bubble was
blown, indicate that the situation was
reviewed from "every angle." Thc great
need for co-operation between employees
• and employers was also impressed on the
gathering, a sure indication that one an-
Sle waa missed- In no instance, however,
o the press reports o*» the speeches
made indicate that the cause of unem-
ployment was discussed. That, we suppose, wm not necessary to a body of men
that could appoint a member of persons
to solve the unemployed problem. No
doubt the economic council will "solve
lt" without realizing or understanding
the cause. That being only a matter of
■mall importance, and merely a detail.
Unemployment, however, has a cause.
That cause is bound up in the capitalistic system. It never can be solved while
that system prevails. The very fact that
the Lumber" Manufacturers "arc crying
out because they have too many logs on
hand, and for that reason they -are compelled to stop any further production, is
proof that the market for that particular
commodity is overstocked. Tne same
thing 'ftpplies to every other commodity.
There l is no market for labor-power.
Henee there must be unemployment. Thc
only chance of unemployment being
abated, would be in the finding of a
market for the commodities that are now
.without buyers. This the Economic
Council cannot find. If there was a market to be found, the employers would
have found it, for they are like the workers, desperate.
S       ..    S_ T
Today, every capitalistic country is
producing more than can be consumed
by the people. Not because the wants
of the people have bcen met, but because
those that produce, cannot with thc
wages they receive, buy back that which
they have produced. The wage-worker
sells his labor-power, the produce of his
toil does not belong to him, but to thc
class which owns the means of wealth
production. This surplus whioh thc worker produces over the cost of thc reproduction of his labor-power, constitutes
surplus values. Tho surplus values,
which are embodied in commodities, must
be disposed of if the worker is to be
kept producing more wealth. This fact
is demonstrated by overy capitalistic nation, which estimates its prosperity on
the amount of wealth In the shflpc of
commodities   that   is   exported   yearly.
When any country imports more than it
exports, its position is looked upon as
being pretty bad. Thc position today is,
however, that every capitalistic country
is faced with the fact that the countries
which they would like to send their surplus values to, arc themselves iu the same
fix, and over-prodmjtion causes a shutdown of industry on all sides. Hence
unemployment. Not becauso there is no
need for the commodities produced', the
needs of the people do not enter into the
question. If commodities cannot be sold
and profits realized, there is no incentive to carry on production, and the result is, labor is no longer required, and
produetion is largely curtailed until sueh
time as the surplus has been consumed.
» * ¥
As commodities are produced for a
world market, and not for a local one,
schemes which have been from time to
time fathered by the business element,
such as "Buy Made in B. C. Goods,"
"Patronize Local or Canadian Industries," must prove abortive. In fact,
those that (advocate such schemes arc
compelled by economic laws to buy in
the cheapest market, in spite of the fact
that they would like to njrive industry
in their own locality. It would be an
easy matter for us to give some words of
comfort and hope to the unemployed of
this vicinity. To do so, however, wc
would have to ignore the facts. Wc
would have to engage in producing mental air bubbles that have no" substimce,
and will not solve anything. This we
prefer to leave the people who form
economic councils to solve the unemployed problem in British Columbia,
which cannot bc solved in any locality,
as it is a world problem, and can only be
solved by the international working class
by abolishing the System whieh causes it.
To be able to cure, necessitates an under-
standing of thc cause of any trouble;
whether suffered by the individual or by
society as a whole. The Economic Council will not produce a cure, but only
more confusion, empty promises and more
bubbles which thc workers will have to
hurst.
THE CHURCH has ever been thc bulwark of the ruling powers. It was
fostered and maintained by the ruling
classes under chattel slavery and feudalism, because it taught that the established order was ordained
THE CHURCH by God. Capitalism
AND ITS has also .been support-
FUNCTION od by. the religious, in
stitutions, anil war
with all its horrors, has been blessed by
those that posed as followers of the
Prince of Peace. In late years, the horrors of oapitalism have become so terrible aud far reaching in their destruction
of human life, both on the field of battle
and in the larger industries, that at times
sections of the church have proclaimed
against the infliction of still greater privations on the people. Particularly has
this occurred in parts of any given country in which the church was in close contact with large sections of thc working
olass. At the present time the miners'
strike is causing mueh suffering in the
Old Land. Prominent members of the
church have denounced thc attempts of
the govornment and the mine-owners to
reduce the standard of liying of thc mining communities. This one deflection
from the usual subserviency- of the
church has raised the ire of Lloyd George
who, in a speech, urged the Calvanistic
Methodist Church of Wales "to keep out
of politics."
» * *
There might, not be anything very significant iu the'wily Welshman taking that
position if there was nothing else implied
in his speech. He, however, stated, "the
great controversies of the futuro would
range round thc relations of capital and
labor, and how to. create and how to distribute wealth." Naturally, those, questions must be bf a political nature; that.
being so, Lloyd George's words were intended sb a warning to the church Jo refrain from taking sides in the coming
class struggle, or at least not get on thc
side of the working class. During the
time Lloyd George was giving his advice
gratis to the Methodist Church, he disclosed the mission of that institution,
when he said: "There must be some influence that will deal with the heart of
the people." In that statement is embodied a full realization of the mission of
the modern churoh. Thc emotions and
not the intelligence of the people are to
bc roused in tho interests of the present
form of society, and the continued domination of the ruling class; of which Lloyd
George is so able a spokesman and manipulator. Immediately the church departs from that objective, it will be thc
objeot of attack from thc powers that be.
Its finances will be cut off. Its sphere
of activity will be curtailed, as has happened, to those religious orders that have
by any means lined themselves up with
the growing working class movement towards a new order of society. It will bc
interesting to watch the activities of the
church in various countries in the coming days; its true nature will then be revealed. In the meantime, it is not likely
that the workers will receive any great
assistance from thc organized religious
bodies. Their materialism will not' allow for that.
» « »
While Lloyd George has tendered his
advice to the church in Wales, it is not
to bc assumed that there has been any
big slide of that organization towards the
workers in the Old Laud. Possibly, however, no church in any country is more
subservient to the interests of thc ruling
class than that of the United States.
Bishop Brown in Communism and Chris-
tianism, quotes Roger Babson to good effect-on this question, when he cites one
of Babson's confidential circulars on thc
value of the church. The quotation is
ns follows;
Thc value of our investments depend not on tlie strength of our
hanks, but rather upon the strength
•of the churches.     The under paid
preachers of tho nation are the men
upon whom we are really depending, .
rather than well-paid lawyers, bank- ■
ers and brokers, The religion of the
community is really the bulwark Wf
our investments. And when we coi-
sider that only 15 per cent, of the
people hold- securities of any. kind,
and less than 3 per cent, hold enough
to pay income tax, the importance of
the churches beoome even more evident. For our sakes, for our children's sakes, for the nation's sake, let
us business men get behind the
churches and their preachers. Never
mind if they are not perfect Never
mind if their theology is out of date.
This only means that were they efficient they would do very much more.
The safety of all we have is due to
the churches, even in their inefficient
and inactive state. By all that we
hold deal', let us from this very day
give more time, money and thought
to the churches, for upon thcBC the
value of all wc own intimately depends"
* * *
While the value of metaphysical teach
ings and appeals to the heart may be
overestimated by our friend the enemy
our readers can judge for themselves just
what part tho church has played iu the
past and will play in the stirring days
to come, when the class struggle will
reach the point where its highest mani
testations will be expressed in the fight
for the ownership of the means of wealth
production.
After all the colonial premiers have
had their say about the renewal of the
treaty with Japan, the policy of thc.
British government will be determined
by its material interests. If the United
States influence is big enough, Premier
Meighen will have his way, if not, then
Premier Hughes will. When it is all
settled, however, there will be jobless
slaves in Canada, and the industrial pros
peets will bc no brighter.
One industry has received an impetus
in Vancouver recently. This enterprise
is engaged in saving souls. So far as
can be gathered, only two individuals
will benefit by it, and it is rumored already that local soul savers are incensed
at the invasion of thc home market by
foreigners. Possibly the advocacy of a
tariff on this brand of importation .will
be tho next step of tfte British Columbia
section of this industry, especially at this
time, when all are asked to buy made
in B. C. goods. Keep thc money at hoine,
willbe the slogan.
The International Trades and Labor
Council has withdrawn its delegates fyom
thc Council of Workers. This action was
decided upon after Tom Moore's meeting
was broken up, and Delegnte Birt Showier blamed the Council of Workers «for
breaking it up. In speaking to the md-
tion to jyithdraw the delegates, Showier,
according to the daily press, stated; "Our
delegates to the Conncil of Workers had
never reported on any meetings of that
organiation. So far as wc know they
never attended any." What harm the
withdrawal of such delegates will do the
Council of Workers we fail to see, but
as Showier also stated that thc name of
the International Trades Council has
bcen used by that body when appearing
beforc the City Council, we would like to
point out that even at this time the workers have more faith in the Couneil of
Workers than they ever had in the International Trades Council since those days
before the radicals left, and that the City
Council is much more likely to listen to
men who have an understanding of the
situation than to a bunch of compromisers who at no time display backbone. Our
friends the enemy will not kill the council by the withdrawal of their delegates;
but the workers themselves will decide
whieh organization represents them.
Our readers may have noted that the
old cry used by the politicians before the
war, 'Reciprocity," is being revived. Iii
the Medicine Hat by-election this slogan
is being exploited. Thc following extract'
from the Bankers' Magaine, which has a
very limited circulation amongst bankers
and financial men, and which was also
published by the Idaho Leader of Boise,
Idaho, under date of August 28, 1920,
may be of some value to thc workers at
this time:
'Capital must protect itself in every
possible manner through combination and
legislation. The courts must.bT called to
our aid. Debts must bc collected, and
mortgages foreclosed as rapidly as possi
ble. When through process of law the
common people have lest their hornet ttysy
will bc more tractable and easily governed through thc influence of the strong,
arm of the government applied by a central power of imperial woalth undcr'tHe
control of the leading financiers.     ,'..',' .
"History repeats itself in regular
cycles. This truth is well known amongst1
our princicpal men now engaged in forming an Imperialism of Capital to govern
thc world. .    Vt
"While they ire doing this thc people
must be kept in a condition of political
antagonism. The question of tariff reform
must bc urged through the organization
known as the Democratic Party and the
question of Protection with reciprocity
must be forced to view through thc Republican Party. By thus dividing thc
voters wc ean get them to expend their
energies on questions of no importance to
ua except as teachers to lead the common
heard.
"Thus by discreet action we can secure
all that has bcen so generously planned
and successfully accomplished."
From the above it will bc seen that the
U. S. politicians and their Canadian counterparts arc quite competent to find issues
on which to divide the workers. Those
that produce thc wealth have nothing to
do' with thc issues their masters raise.
Let them settle them; it's their business.
AMAIN OF
Workers Deelare a Gen*
eral Strike as
Protest
Political Opponents Are
Blamed for Death of
Socialists
(By Paul Hoyer)
(Federated Press tSaff Correspondent)
Berlin—All Germany la stirred by
the assassination ot Karl Gareisl,
official leader of the Bavarian Independent Soe la lints in the Bavarian Lantdatf. Gareisl was shot
four times by an unknown assailant. Tho murder took place directly in front of his own door eurly
Friday morning as Guroisl was returning: from a meeting at which he
had attacked the Orgesch (Bavaria's private army) and demanded
disarmament-
Alt Socialist parties, the trad
unions and workers' councils are
united in carrying out all over Ba
varia a 3-day general strike, which
b«gan Friday midnight. They demand the resignation of the Bavarian chancellor, Kekahr, and his
administration. Street car service
ls tied up, stores are closed and the
only newspaper issued is the Battle,
official organ of the Independent
Socialists.
Forwaerts, organ of the Majority
Socialists, and Frelhelt, see the
murder as an act of revenge on the
part of the Orgesch and the Ein
wohnerwher (tlie Bavarian militia
kept at 320,000 ln de tia nee ot the
Allied ruling) whom Gareisl fought.
They sny the.government Is equally
responsible with the murderers.
Kven tho reactionary Allgemeine
Zeitung holds Garelsl's political opponents responsible for the murder
and predicts serious consequences.
The organ of the Bavarian Volks-
partel recently advocated the shooting of Garelsi like a mad dog.
Gareisl was a student of history
and geography, and became a
teacher. Entering politics, he became the leader of Bavarian Independent Socialists,
.. The Bavarian government, in a
atatement today, deplored the
murder of Herr Gareisl, and offered a. reward of 10,000. marks for
the arrest of his assassins,
UNEMPLOYED TO
MEET EVERY WEEK
(Continued from p»I< 1)
—HOME—-
|THE CHILL OP
POVERTY
(By George Bernard Shaw)
(Written for the Federated Press)
CHILD poverty Is the only sort
of poverty that matters. The
adult wbo has been poor ns a
child will never get the chill. of
poverty out of his bones; but he
will die and make room for a better nourished generation.
There are no doubt property owners in America who tell Judge
Henry Neil that lt is confiscation to
tax one man's property to pay for
the education of another man's
children. We have scoundrels of
that sort In England, too.
Some day they will perhaps, have
the opportunity of saying It to a
higher Judge than Judge Neil. We
will send them to the place he reserves for those whb have learned
to say "Our Father," but have not
learned to say "Our Children."
The una without the other la a
blasphemy. Also it Ib unbusinesslike folly. Neglected children cost
more than well-nourished ones to
everybody except their immediate-
parents.
* The principal business of a policeman at present fa to prevent
hungry children from obtaining
food. The proper primary business
of a policeman ls to seise every hungry child and feed It, to collar every
ragged child and clothe lt, to' hand
every Illiterate child over to those
who will teach It how to read and
write.
If America cannot see this, there
Is no future for America. And It Is
because she has been slow' to see
thli that so much of her past Is
shameful and so much of her present miserable.
turned from the Bast," referred to
the fact that unemployment was
rife from Montreal to Vancouver.
Illustrating the fact that the farmer was also suffering, he stated
that a farmer had, taken eight hides
to Winnipeg, and sold them, he had
to then place one dollar to the
amount he had received for his
hides in order to purchase one pair
of shoes. Referring to the production of beef, he stated that beasts
were being sold on the hoof for 7
cents per pound, as there was no
demand for meat.
Dealing with the situation in
Saskatchewan, he pointed out that
the Saskatchewan government had
been compelled to give considerable
support to the .farmers in order that
they could live, and that while
crops had been bad during the past
three or four years, the crop outlook was better than ever this year,
the realization of this exceptional
crop, would, however, leave the
farmers without excuses as to their
position, ahd they will still be grow
Ing wheat while there is wheat to
burn, which cannot be disposed of,
and prices will again fall and.the
position of the farmer become
worse.
Referring to Tom Moore, president of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, he stated thut
while the president of the Congress
was talking to Canadian Clubs and
such like organisations, and urging
co-operation, the omployers organizations were sending out circulars
behind him, knocking the unions,
and calling for reductions ln wages.
Urging the workers to organise,
he pointed out that in overy part of
the country there was unemploy
ment. Railroads were laying off
their shopmen, while the rolling
stock was getting Into a state of
disrepair, everywhere men were
idle, and it was essential that they
organize in order that they might
do the best possible under the conditions that must prevail during the
coming winter.
T. Blssett pointed out in an interesting address, that it was useless
railing against the employing class
as the ruling class, and the working
class were both driven to do the
things they did do by economic
pressure, and urged the need of
greater educational efforts being
made.
J. G. Smith, referring to the In
ternatlonal Trades and Labor
Councils' attitude on the Astatic
question, stated that unemployment
existed where there was no Asiatics, and tho driving out of the
country of the Chinese and Japs
and Hindus would not solve the
problem. Dealing with the economic committee just recently formed, he stated that the committee
could not solve the problem, as the
members of it did npt understand
the situation. He urged the workers to become members of some
working class organization, and
pohked out the General Workers'
Unit of the O. B. U. had opened Its
books and would admit men and
women out of work without pay
ment of entrance fees, and that
they would only have to pay dues
when working.
At the close of the meeting, several membera of the O. B. U. were
on hand to take the applications
for membership In that organization. Several who are working,
joined up, and many more out of
work also made application for
membership. The total enrolled
waa 54, thlg number, with those
that joined at the organisation
meeting held last Friday, makes
about 100 new members within a
few days. The next unemployed
meeting will be held on Sunday next
at 2:J0 p.m. in the Pender Hnll.
Moscow.—Th* Commissariat of
Health has been granted an ap-
propriatlon of 10,000,000,000 rubles
for tne organization of health resorts for the people. Other appropriations Include 10,000,000,000
to the Committee on State Constructions and' 1,000.000,000 to the
Commissariat for Foreign Trade
for current purchase abroad.
- Where Is your Unton button?
You may wish tu liclp The Fed-
erntlonfet. Vou can do so by renewing your subscription promptly and
"'"(Un* In thc -tiilMorlptlon of your
friend or neighbor.
LOXDON ACHES WITH LAUGH-
TER AT "ALP'S BUTTON"
Latest cable reports from Lon-
don state that, notwithstanding the
depression consequent upon the
coal strike, all London ls. aching
with laughter after seeing "Alf■
Button," Cecil M. Hepworth's
screen version of W. A. Darlington's rery clever novel.
"Charlie's Aunt" could only Jn
played at one house, but this fllm
version of "Airs Button" Is being
shown at almost every "movie"
theatre of any consequence In London. It has grossed' the biggest
business of any film' released In
England ahd hae only just started,
Leslie Henson and Alma Taylor,
who play the leading part*, are
both very well known to British
theatre goers, while James Carew,
who takes the part of the Genie, Is
also a great favorite with them
But even without well-known stars,
this fllm would have been an overwhelming success, as it Is a scream
from beginning to end. ••*
LET US SUPPLY YOUR NEEDS IN
Clothing, Furnishings
and Shoes
OUR PRICES ARE RIGHT
Just planed into stock, a fine
line  of  Men's Suits to  sell
at $80,00
These suits lost year would
have cost you $S0.00.
Also 200 pairs of Men's Pants.
Regular $9.00, now  $6.50
Ten dozen Men's Caps, regular ■
$2.00 for    $1,25
Men's All Wool   Sox,   regular
$1.60 for $1.00
Men's   Fine   Shirts,   regularly
sold for $2.75, now  $1.75
Men's Negligee Shirts at pre-
! war prices.
Men's 8-oj-. Black Overall
Pants $2.00
Men's Heavy Khaki Double
Knees and Seat, 6   pockets
and belt loops, for $2.50
Men's   Shoo    DepL—Working
Boots, solid   leather   throughout  $1,50
Misses' Fine Boots, Blucher
Cut, high toes, up from $5.00
Men's Fine Boots, Blucher cut,
recede toe In black and
brown $7.50
Men's High Top Boots at $0.00
W. B. Brummitt
18 and 20 Cordova Street West
and 444 Main Street
CASH OR
CREDIT
Furniture Store
We want you to come to
this store with confidence
that you can buy Furniture, Carpets and Linoleum at lower prices and
better terms.
No Greater Opportunity
for    the    Working    Men
BUY IN THIS STORE
REMEMBER THE
HOME
FURNITURE
STORE
416 Main Street
Phono Ser. no:
MENTION THE fEDEBA-
HONIST snd est your 10
psr cant, dlacoant.
Dental
Plates a
Specialty
Ths an of dentistry Is exempllflsd
in ths _igh.it degrss of efficiency st
tbls establishment. Clients will find
ths ens. (cos ss plesslng ss ths settle,
rendered.
Drowns, Brldgss snd Fillings mads
ths  sams  shada aa your natural
t-sth.
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Dental Art Establishment
One    GRANVILLE   STREET
OUO Corner Robson
Over Owl Drug (Store   Bey. BUM
Theosophy
Public Lscturs, Sunday Broning, Juns 28
at Boom 221 Duncan Bldg., at 8 o'clock.
8UBM0T1
"Naturs  Spirits ln  Litsraturs  and Occultism"— Spsakar: HB. JAS. TATLOB
Hand yonr neighbor tula copy of
The Federatlonist, and then oal!
around next day for a subscription.
"Springtime Frivolities"
A Brilliant Musical Berus
OTHEB BIO FBATUBES
OOOD TIMES AHEAD
LUT THE MAGIC OF
Alfs
Button
CHASE I'OUR BLUES
AWAY
FUNNIEST FILM
EVER MADE
1 Week, Commencing
Monday, June 27
ORPHEUM
PRICES:
HATS.  ISO- TO 7«0
NIGHTS   ISo TO $1.15
"~    AU Scats Reserved
Expiration of Lciie
Sweeping Reduction hi Price
—of—
BAGGAGE nd FANCY
TRAVELLING REQUISITES
Imperial Trunk and
Leather Ooodi
IBS HASTINGS ST. WEST
Between Hamilton * Homor
iv
Model Cafe
ST CORDOVA ST. W.
ALL WHITE HELP
Best of Food and Service at
Reasonable Prices
Union Houso
Greateit Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete In amy detail
Hastings Fanuture Co. Ltd.
SI BaftUfi Itnet Wait
NOTICE
The Stettler Cigar Factory, 140 Water Street, is
advertising for female
help. This is now an unfair shop.  Don't scab.
Stomach Trouble
Guaranteed Cure for Fits—Except
Inherited—Heart, None and
Stomach Troubles.
»81 PENDEB STREET. EAST
Ring up Phone Seymour titer appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST   v
Suite  301 Dominion Building
VANCOUVER. B. C.
Get the
Love Habit!
Buy FURNITURE, STOVES,
BEDS, Etc., at cost Our stock
Is Big ,and so are our Bargains. Watch our Auction
Snaps. Furniture Bought and
Sold.
Love & Co.
AUCTIONEERS— DEALERS
Phone Seymonr IT4I
570  SEYMOUR STRAET
UNION MAN!
In that dark hour when sympathy and best service count so
much—call up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
MS KINGS WAV, VANCOUVER
Phon* falnnont M
Prompt Ambulance Service
Pbone Say. Mt     Day or Night
NUNN AND THOMSON
FUNERAL DIRECTORS
Ml Homer Bt. Vancouver, B. C,
HARR0N BROS.
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Funerals of Dignity at Fair
Mom
Falrrlew: Offlee anl Chapal
M.I Oranvllle Itreet
Phon* Bay Slot.
North Vancouver: Offloa aal
Chapel, 121 Sixth at. W.
Phona N. V. 114.
Mount Pleasant:   Offloa aal
Chapel, till Mala It
Phona Fairmont II,
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
UM a-Mitfe MrMt
••alar serrlMa, ll aja. ui ,.,, ,,m.
£&££ WK..SSB
Ki'tS AaSXir nU"* -*
beabV to Hair a ha* with
BIS BUSINESS
Witk trads rsvlrlof, cvsry rellaaea
may bs placed on ths . tslsphons,
wblch is sueh a principal faster in
industrial development. .British Oo-
lumbla Is particularly f-rtunate in
tbat tslsphons lines rsdlats trom lha
principal cities to all points so that
Instant means of communication are
always avallabls.
BBITISH   COLOMBIA   TELEPHOKB
OOMPAKT
in in bb tou get
-VAN BROS.
WH_,_r TOU ask fob
-CIDBR-
aal KoB-aleohollo wines ef su
UNION   MEN'S   ATTENTION F.IJIDAT  June 14, 192!
thirteenth year. No. 24    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA■,FEDERATIONIST v__.N-coiiVER.aa
7AC3 T2USS
The Highest Standard of
Beauty and Accuracy
—two qualities which distingiush the work Of
my offloe
When having attention given to your teeth-be
sure the work is done right—that it harmonizes
with your natural teeth and "don't show"—that
it is accurately adjusted—so as to give you personal comfort.
Years of special study and practical experience
enable me to promise work that will bt1 satisfactory in every detail.
Dr. BRETT
ANDERSON
802 HASTINOS ST. W.
Corner Seymour
PHONE SEYMOUR SS11
Offlce Open Tuesday anl Friday
Evenings
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
*    X-Ray Work
See me lf there la anything wrong with the
rooti of your teeth. My
complete dental X-Ray
equipment enables me to
diagnose the trouble accurately.
CRANBBROOK
\Fellow Workers: The half-yearly
district convention will be held In
the Union Hall on Sunday, July 3.
at 9 a.m. sharp. A meeting should
be held in oamp and delegate elected to represent the camp at the
convention; questions affecting the
good and welfare ot the Union
ahould be discussed, and the delegate Instructed to support the resolutions passed by the members.
Only members in good standing
should be allowed to vote. Owing
to lack of funds it is advisable thut
a collection be taken up to defray
the expenses of the delegate attending the convention.
F. BIDDER, Seeretary.
DB.  BRETT  ANDERSON,  formerly member of lbs Facultr of tit I
Collage of Dentistry. Univeraitr of Southern Callfernln,  Leeturer I
od Grown and Bridgework! Demonstrator ia FlaWwork sad Opera* I
tire Dentistry, Locel and General Anaeitheate. f
EVERY READER CAN HELP
Every render of Tho Federa-
tlonlst oan reader valuable awlst-
aneo by renewing their subscriptions ae soon as they are due, and
•nd by Inducing another worker to
subscribe.   It doea not take much
effort to do this.   Try It       '•
One dollar ana! fifty cents is the
cost for a six monthi subscription
to the Federatlonlftt.
■ i     i     in ' "        i i?ea
"Left Wing"
Communism
An Infantile Disorder
-*_. -   (By Nikolai Lenin)
NOW ON SALE BY THE B. 0. FEDERATIONIST
Price: Single Copies 25c
Ten or more copies at the rate of 20c per copy, poitage
paid.  Oet your orden in quick, aa there will sot
be a second edition.
rat Twenty Ttan see Ure Usual this Vain Strap fsr ass aaau ear
VOLUNTARY ARBITRATION CONTRACT
oua stamp annuls
Pmcs-uI OeVecttn Saiialalai
ra. bits Botk IttUna aaa Lesbels
Disports StttM by AiUtratm
Stealy bplajaaal aai Skillet Werkaaasbit
rtsaipt MUvsalN le Bulars aal tthUe
Faao. aat laeaH. to Wsrasrs ul lanleyen
Prosperity et Hue KaHai OnuaaaWH
As 1-fal aalea nsa aal wsaaea, we a_k
yea to lamaal eaeea tsarlaf  tta   asm
VTalsa Stamp ea S.I., lasols er Ualaf.
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
Ml SUMMER STREET, BOSTON, MASS.
Callll lavalf, Osasial rr.sU.at.    Obailas - lalaa, Oaaml B.e.-Tn...
Tret* OM rtowtta, Funeral Daotgni, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants
Otnameatal anl Made Treat, leads, Sol—, Plorists' Sund-iee
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
PLOEIBTi Altn mr__8_»YME»
I—STOKES—I
tl Rssttags Street East TH Granville Street
Seymoar IIM7I Seymou MIS
wnos KADI
The 1 M.T. 1 Loggers' Boot
MaO erters pamaallr attaalil te
Guaranteed lo Hold Caulks and An Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Suece«eo_e to H. T<H * ION
U CORDOVA STREET WHST, VANCOUVEB, % a
Nest Doer to Loners' HaU
FboM Sermour IM Repairs Don. While Toa Walt
Easy Shaving
Gillette or Auto Strop Safety Razors make the daily
Shave easier. _-
We hare a splendid line of both makes in many designs,
priced from f5.00 to $7.50 eaeh.
TISDALLS LIMITED
The Oomplete Sporting Ooodi Storo
818 HASTINGS ST. W. PHONE SEYMOUR 1151
CAMP A, WATNA, OCEAN FALLS
At a meeting held at the above
camp on June 7, the following motion waa carried unanimously:
"That  we  instruct our delegate
to write the Coaat secretary recom
mending that the July convention
be postponed until such time as the
camps shall be closed down,"
DEL.  16.
G£RMANY ANDTHEREAUTYOF
ilME  '
jHowever, the meeting was a success without them; -four members
paid dues and the rest will pay up
as soon as they get the necessary
capital. A delegate was elected, so
look for a live bunch in this camp
from now on. I also sold some
literature after the meeting. Got
back to the boat, and made ready
for a sleep, but the pile I was tied
to came down across the bow of the
boat, and she drifted on to the
rocks. I managed to get the engine
started, and run for shelter before
any damage was done. The Straits
of Georgia levelled oil enough on
Thursday afternoon to mak; travelling possible. It was too late to
make Stag Bay, so I ran into Lund,
and lt Is blowing a gale outn.de,
but It is only 8 miles to Stag Bay,
so I think I can make it. After
taking In a few camps around here;
I will be in inside waters, and I
will be at Rock Bay ln a few days.
Tours for a world where there
are no slaves, and the sea ls smooth.
MM, J, K.
BERNARD TIMBER CO. ORFORD
\      BAY
I have been Instructed by the men
In this camp to Inform the Coast
offlce that the following motion was
carried unanimously; "That In the
opinion of the members In this
camp, a oonvention ln July, would
be useless at this stage of the game,
as the expense Incurred in conducting same would be unjustified."
DEL. it.
LAVIOLETTK ft McINTYRE'S,
' BROUGHTON ISLAND
The following motion was passed
In this camp: "We recommend that
In place of a convention ln July, the
nomination and election of officers
shall take place by referendum,
and that the first meeting ln July
devise ways and means of carrying
out recommendation."
DEL. 23.
Camp Committee C. R. J, G. B.
.    ORGANIZER'S REPORT
Left Vancouver In a gas-boat on
Monday, June IS; ran into a squall
off Bowen Island, and row-boat
went overboard. After considerable brlght-hued language, effected
a rescue and made Gibson's Landing, where I was weather-bound
till Wednesday morning. I made
aillls Bay on Wednesday, and as
the foreman would not allow any.
meeting in camp, adjourned to the
beach, where all the boys attended
except a few of the faithful, who
were playing poker with the slave-
driver. Of course, one couldn't expect them to be so rude as to let
that human animal play alone
whilst they were attending suoh a
trifling thing as a union meeting.
ONE OF THE FINEST TONICS
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
Everyone knowe that oheap gooda ean only be procured
by using oheap materials and employing cheap labor.
CASCADE BEER
is produoed from the highest grade materials procurable
i-Caaoade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES UMITED
Slater's
Quality Service
FREE DELIVERY
Fresh Meat Dept.
Na. 1 Steer Fot Rout, excellent quel-
Uy,  from,'lb. -.  » ....SO
No.   1  StMr  Oven  Roaete,   prime
quality, from, lb.  10c
No.   1   Steer  Boiling   Beef,   excellent
quality, from, lb lo
No. 1 Steer Beat Brisket,
quality, per lb. ._.	
prime
frail Kitted Local Lamb
Loeal Lamb Stew, per lb -t6e
Loeal Lamb Shoulders, per lb...ll l-2fl
Loeal Xamb Loins, per lb tt l-8o
Local Lamb Lege, per lb  S81-IC
ROLLED  ROASTS
Oar    Famous    Rolled   Boasts    of
prime steer beef, per lb. ....20c
Provision Dept.
Sister's Famous  Streaky Baoon,  half
or whole  slaba,  excellent  qualtt]
psr lb.
—99 1-Sa
Slatsr's
lb.  .
Slatsr's
lb. ..
Blatsr'a
psr 11
Slatsr's
Ib.  .
Biles*
Strseky
Baoon,
SUssd
'—ui
amur
Bituir
Baeoa.
 -Ss
Bacon,
_ SOo
SlIcsJ Airsblrs Soil, psr
  - »0o
Mo.   1  llbs-ta  Oum.tr Batur. 1
|     ussllsas quslltjr.> lbs. (sr 11.00 |
Sliter'i  Dairy  Batter,  per lb Ste
finest Canadian Cheese, 8 lbi ...Sflc
Sister's Teal Loaf, par lb 86c
Slater's Roast Pork, per lb, .... .TBe
Slater's Cooked Ham, per Ib   70c
fllater's Jellied Tongae, per lb....J0o
HAM HAU
Slater'a   Panama
Hams,   speeial,   lb.
Hi*
Smoked   neale
...II 1-ts
BQOS          EC.Q8 1006
B. C. Fresh Eggs; every egg fnawnn*
teed - I dosen fer |1.00
LARD          LARD LARD
Barns' Finest Shamrock Pare Lard.
Remember thia is Pare, not Com*
pound.    Fer tb .............lta
COMPOUND LARD
Barns    Flneet    Carnation    Com*
pound Lard, nothing   finer   for
baking or frying, per lb ISo
Brunswick Sardines, 8 for  SSe
Fork sad Beans, 8 for Ue
Potted Meats, 8 for-"...-.. ,85c
Nabob Salmon, 1-lb, tins, special, per
tin  4Se
Pineapple,  large tins, per tin  SOe
Finest Kitchen Salt, 3 for  .25c
Snowflake Pastry  Flour 54c
Fine Salmon, 4 for  .....Me
Nabob Custard Powder, 2 fpr SSe
Finest Marmalade, No. 2 tins 48e
Slater
Four Big
s
Stores
123 Hastings (Head Offlce) Bsy. 3202
880 Granville Street Say.  R3b
8880 Main Stmt Fair. 1088
West End Market   (Oor. Davie nnd
aranrtlle) Sey. Ui ii
MILE 09, P. G. E.
Mill owned by Atma Ram. I
worked at this mill i'or two months
(tnd have received no pay, and flnd
that nobody has reoelved pay for
some time. The owner of the,mill
la a Hindu, and hu a small electric
mill at Cofhlan, go fellow workers,
beware of this haywire outfit.
1       J. 318.
OAMP D, BOCK BAY
Tom Briggs was killed here on
Monday, June 13, by .being hit by
a falling limb. He was bucking.at
the time, as far as can be learned.
DEL. 982,
BOOH CAMP, COURTENAY
Have at last succeeded ln get
ting a meeting, and collected 181
dues. I have the promise of more
next week. My stajt here may be
short, as the camps are shutting
down around the last of the month.
Are you going to send an organl
ser up? Now is the time, before
Mr. Jitney and bootlegger gets 'em,
One man was killed at-Camp 3 on
the 18th, but cannot get any particulars.
DEL.  10.
An organiser has been sent over
to Vancouver Island, and he will,
take - In the campa at Courtenay
and Campbell River, and if possible
wltNvIslt the camps around Ladysmlth. Bo far there has been no
report received from him, and nothing ls expected for a few days,
but It ls to be hoped that by the
time the next Issue of The Federatlonist ls issued, that there will
be further reports of Increased activity. The exeoutlve has decided
that a July convention would not
be good policy, and a circular letter has been sent to the camps,
containing three questions to be
balloted upon. Question 1 being—
'Shalt the present officials of the
Cout branch of the L. W. I. TJ.
carry on until suoh time as a regular convention can be held?
Question 3—"Shall the last propaganda meeting in July be authorized to deal with resolutions submitted by camps and resolutions
approved of to be afterwards submitted to referendum?" This
meeting to be composed of paid-
up members and members representing camps.
Question 3—"Shall the nomination and election of officers take
place by referendum ballot?" The
executive have taken this course in
order to give the rank and file a
means of expressing themselves,
and lt Is to be hoped that by the
time that the camps shut down for
the winter, that the organisation
will be in a position to take part In
the solidifying movement that will
have taken place before the grave
problems confronting us will be
solved.
Irish Uncover
Secret Service Agent
• (Continued from page 1) I
same evening, loudly applauded a
speaker who spoke of the despicable work of stool pigeons.
He lost no time in making the acquaintance of most of the Irish
people in Vancouver; but he always made, the foolish mistake of
trying to flnd out too much too
quickly. He was anxious to know
what waa done with the money collected at meetings and entertainments, what the membership of the
League was, what the "real" ob
Jectg we're, and a hundred and one
other things. In every case he waa
"fully Informed," and on several
Trteaty Was Signed Day
_   Allied Ultimatum
Arrived
Soviet Mission Sole Representative of-Russian
People
By Louis P. Lochner
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington.—Tho Soviet government of Russia and the Republic of Germany have concluded o,
treaty which virtually establishes
normal trade relations between the
two countries and ls equivalent to
a recognition of the Soviet government, it became known here recently. By a strange coincidence,
the treaty was signed In Berlin on
the very diy—May *—when the
Allied ultimatum arrived, demanding that Oermany affix her "i-o-U"
to the gigantic reparations and Indemnity bill,
The treaty is in the nature of a
provisional and transitional measure, and definitely looks toward
the complete resumption of diplomatic and consular relations. For
the time 'being, business between
the two countries is to he conducted' by the Missions or Representations (in the treaty they are designated as "Vertretungen") maintained by Germany and Russia in
Moscow ahd Berlin, respectively.
It is to be presumed that this
formula was devised ln order not
to offend the Allied powers, whom
tne Oerman government seeks ln
every case to placate. These Mis
•Ions had thus far existed for, the
purpose of regulating the repatriation of Russian and Oerman soldiers and civilians. Their functions are now broadened to those
of a consular and quasi-diplomatic
nature.
Of vital importance is Article I
of tho agreement, which spectflcal
ly states that "the Mission of the
Russian Federated Soviet Republic-
is to be considered as the sole'representative of the Russian state.'
Counter-revolutionists of the Wrangel or Denikin or Kolchak type are
thus definitely barred from Imposing their agents as the spokesmen
of- the Russian people. On the
other hand, Article XV just as un
equivocally prescribes Jhat the two
.misalonf and their staffs "must re-
fraln from all agitation or propagandas against the government or
institutions" of the country to
which they are accredited.
Article I further provides that
commercial divisions, or 'bureaus,
be established in connection with
the two Missions, their purpose being defined as that of "furthering
the economic relations between the
two countries."
Another significant section ls
Article VI; "The missions are
clothed with the following consular
functions: (1) Looking after the
Interests of their nations in accordance with the practices of International law; (2) Issuance of passports, letters of identification, and
vises; (3) recording, legalisation
and certification of deeds."
Article X guarantees to the ships
of both natlona, when in territorial
Waters of the other, such treatment as is usually accorded in International law. In so far as Russian ships, being government owned, enjoy special privileges in the
form of immunity from certain
duties, similar privileges are to be
granted to the privately-owned
Oerman merchantmen.
One of the most difficult questions to reduce to treaty form was
that arising from the fact that Oermany is a capitalist state, ln which
private parties make business arrangements, while in the Communist state of Russia the government
alone can transact international
commercial relations. There was
no way provided thus far by which
a German merchant could sue tne
Sovereign state of Russia in case he
considered his contract violated.
The solution attempted is laid down
in Articles XII and XIII.
. In these, both governments
acknowledge themsolves legally
bound by the acts of their representatives in the two Missions, and
the following rules are prescribed
to govern contractual relations;
., 1. In the case of all contracts
negotiated by the Russians in Oermany, Oerman law shall apply, and
Treatment Given French
Poilu Is Aired in
Chamber
(By the Federated Press)
Paris—"We would rather have
you kill us in our trenches than go
over the top and hang wounded for
days on the barbed Wire," was the
response Captain Jean Jade got
from the 336th French Infantry
when he transmitted the order to
attack at Souain In 1916, according
to the evidence given by him in the
chamber recently, where he Is now
a deputy. The Chamber was inves
tlgating the military executions of
the war.
. Jade declares that there had been
a series of futile attacks with great
loss. A surprise attack' was ordered, but the surprise was spoiled
by premature artillery flre. The infantry refused' to advance. The
general In command of the division
ordered Colonel Berube of the artillery to train his guns on the
trenches of the 186th and wipe out
the mutineers. The colonel refused to do this without a written order and the general changed his
mind, t
The general then ordered one
corporal and four privates to be
chosen from the company by lot.
These were commanded td advance
In full daylight and cut the barbed
wire entanglements between their
trenches and those of the Germans.
Since this, meant certain death,
without any advantage to the
Frenoh, the men refused to carry
out the order, which- was nothing
but a punishment on them for what
the company had. refused to do.
They we_x.court-martialled, sentenced and shot the next day, ln
spite of the evidence of their commissioned officers that they were all
brave and well trained soldiers.
"This is the other side of the
story of the Joyous Frenoh pollu,"
comments Gabriel Reulllard. "It
ts the reality of our lusty infant
militarism. The.high moral beauty
of this righteous war Is not so evident from these facts as from the
columns of warlike journals like
theEcho de Paris."
Mqsoow.—The All-Russian Communist party conference opened In
Moscow, .. May 37. (Summarising
the views of the various delegates,
Lenln said: "We need the most
careful stock-taking of local practical experience iu economic reconstruction throughout the entire
country."
Lenln pointed out that the conference had opened before the
scheduled date to consider tbe flrst
results ot the modified economic
policy and to estimate further progress and development. A special
commission, headed by Lenln, was
elected to formulate the practical
measures of reconstruction Initiated by the conference.
San Francisco.—The last hope
that the Machinists' Union would
return to the San Francisco Labor
Council was lost when the council
voted to flle the Joint motion of the
Machinists and the Cook's and
Waiter's Union that James Mullen
editor of the Labor Clarion, apologise for his editorial calling Debt
"a scab against the nation." Aa
a consequence the Cooks and Watters also, are contemplating separating from the council.
At Ahe same meeting the Labor
Council voted in favor of urging
its members to join the American
Legion, In spite of the protests of
some delegates, one of whom scored the Legion as "a atrlke-break'
ing organisation."
Will Nominate Officers
The regular business meeting of
the Women's Auxiliary of the
O. B. U. will be held tonight
(Friday) ln the Pender Hall at 8
■P.m. All members are requested to
attend this meeting as officers for
the coming six months will be nominated. The election will take
place at the next meeting, the date
of which will be decided on tonight,
tlal" information, which must have
made his renegade heart b(eat with
Joy.
But the man was dense, si
dense that the Irisli people of Van
couver feel- deeply Insulted that a
man with ao little intelligence
should have been aent to spy on
them. He accepted all the invitations he was offered. In fact, he
innocently posed-for his photograph; he considered'himself a real
hit with the ladies. He fell Into
every trap that was laid for him.
He gave different answers to the
same questions asked by different
people; he proved himself an un
mitigated liar, and aimelute failure
as a Sherlook Holmes, and the best
joke that haa happened ln the city
for some time, It was perhaps just
as well for Constable Thomas Bell,
Reg. No. 9770, of the Criminal Investigation Bureau Confidential A.
I. 82, that the Irish people of Vancouver have a sense of humor, or
His $15.60 extra pay might not have
covered" his medical expenses. He
has left Vancouver, but his record
has followed him, and when he attempts hln dirty work In some other
city, he will be qulckty recognized,
HOW YOU CAN HELP
You may wish to holp The Fed
cratlonfct. You can do so by roncw-
Itig your subscription promptly and
sending Hi tho aubscrlptlon of your
friend or neighbor.
SIOUX CITY, Iowa.—The printers hero have won the 44-hour weok
nnd their fight for wage increases.
Job printers now receive $37.50 for
day and $4 u week for night work,
Pay newspaper printers get fi> a
whaIt.
Oceanian, h. wa. given «emMea-^   „•„_„„, aovwnm,nt miM,'on „
-Ini"   ln-nrm*Hnn    wtilnn   muat   __■«__,    \_     _ _    i        . __
declared to be amenable to Oer'
man legal processes with respect to
such contracts. (In other words,
extra-territoriality cannot be claim
«4 with reference to them.)
2, In the case of contracts nego-
,tetT In' Russia by Oerman cltl-
i8,,;bei-man firms, and German
al persons, an arbitration clause
it. be Inserted,
aumans who (6 to Russia are
ured ot the inviolability of the
perty taken with them, as- well
ij of property lawfully acquired by
'im,  there,   in  acccordance   with
existing regulations.
. iOther sections of the treaty pr6-
vfdu for facilities of travel, for
pfjopur housing of the missions and
their staffs, for provisioning them
With'food, for expediting the
curing of offlco supplies, for the
right of both missions to engage
special experts, for the use of the
malls and radio stations, for the
granting to the head of each mission and soven members of his
staff the, immulty otherwise accorded diplomatic officer*!, and
similar details calculated to con
vort the two missions into~emhassles and consulates In all but name.
In the final clauses it is provided
that either sido may abrogate the
treaty upon three months notice.
Aa a mattor of fact, thc treaty
merely logallzos and officially confirms many arrangements that have
already beon undertaken by tho
mfHulons. Those missions havo existed since April, 1920. In ordor
to make possible tho carrying on
of trade between the two countries,
it was soon tacitly agreed that the
head of the RusHlan mission, while
1 technically confined to the work or
Sylvia Pankhurst Released
Reports from the Old Land indicate that Miss Sylvia Pankhurst,
who was sent to prison for ;six
months for writing articles which
appeared in The Workers' Dread
naught, wag released before her
full term had expired. A- large
crowd greeted her as she emerged
from the prison gates, and sang the
Red Flag and other revolutionary
songs.
London — A Buxton memorial
scholarship for a year's residence
at Ruskin College, Oxford, has
been offered for competition
among bona flde agricultural laborers. The examination will be
such as could be passed by any Intelligent man who is Interested In
social, political and industrial
questions.
REACTION STILL
CONTROLS THE
A. F. OP
(Contlnu.d from pan 1)
H.Ip the Fed.
advertiser,.
by helptnr our
WHEN IN TOWN STOP A.
The Oliver Rooms
IB<_ CORDOVA EAST
Brerj-liluf Modern
K»-_» Rtuonbte
Vancouver Unions
VANCOUVER TRADES ANO LABOR
COUNCIL—Prssldnt, R. W. Batl.r;
Msnte-r, J. O. Smith. Hasts Ir. Wei-
nssd.r .ash month in tha Psadsr Hall,
cetnsr el Psadsr aad Haws streeta.
Phoa. 8.7, 291.
AUlED   .B-..TIBO
          460)1-
sil—Ussts   sseaad Jleaiaj   la   lhe
.Starr, B, H. M-slans., P.'O.'Bii __
BRICKLAYERS AND MASOMB—II. yen
assd bcjeklsrs-s or msseas fer bollsr
works,   .to.,   or  narbl.   ssttsrs,   phoa.
Briehlayars* Paloa.' Labor Tompls.
Wt nuto Udlet' Oarmwrts
Right Hen in Vancouver
—the equal In atyle and emart-
neaa of any offered In Panada,
■alts,
■alts, Ureases. Deals, ete.—__e
latest eirlse—the smarten mslels la
— (_ aew ebais.—template Bate
ter yew eaee«a(. ,
. Wa __-  	
elerehero heeaase wa
otlmleale aU tta MM
mldlleaiea's prette.
Famous
OlorJc * Suit Oo.  ;
*_________________________}_
GKNBHAL WORKEEB' UNIT Of THI
O. B. U.—Prtaletat, I. Andre; werr
ttry, W. S-rriot. M-.U Ind end 4th
W«d8«ad*r In ii.h montk in P«ndtr Hell*
eor. of Pender snd Hows struts.   Paeae
Boy.   291.	
HUTKL AMD RESTAURANT WW*
plofMi, Loesl M—Haiti srsry Hooad
Wednesday is the montk at 2:10 pm.
nnd avary fourtk Wtdntaday la tai neath
at 1:10 p.m. Preildant, Joks Cunmlata.
••creinrr end bulam sgent, A. Ornaatn.
OBce and meeting hnll, 441 Seymou. Bt.
%. Pkone Sty. Mil. OSes hoan. •
____________
IKTKRNATIONAL LOMasriOBKMEN'l
Auoolntloa, Loeal it M—Often aad
kail, Hi Oordova Bt. W. Hants Int
nad tklrd Fridays, • pja. flaentarr*
trenmrar,  T.  Nixon;  bulnaaa atent,  P.
Blnnlnlr.	
XNTSXNATIdNAti JKWILR* ' *6fc_-
on' Union—Meats Snd aad 4tk Mea*
daya. Preildent, J. I. Dawson, 1845 Tow
St., Kitallnno; aeerelarr. I. T. Kelly,
1150 Haatinp St. I.; recording itcretnry,
U Holdsworth, iii—14th St. W., Nortk
Vancouver.
LUMBER WORKERB' INDUSTRIAL
UNION OP CANADA—An. industrial union of nil workera in lot*
ting and eonatrnetlon oampa. Coait Diatrict and Oeneral Hudnnnrten, «1 Oer-
dova St. W» Voneomer. B. O. Pkoao Set.
7856. J. M. Clarke, general li-Cretory-
triMurer; lagal od-liora, ffesm. lire;
Mncdonnld A Co., Vancouver, B. O.J ondl*
ton, Uture. Buttar h Ghfene, Ta
vor, B. O.
MOVING PrCTURB MACHINE OPIHA-
TORB UNION, LOOAL 848. I.A.T.M
—AAlIated with Tradea nnd Lobar Counoll nnd Theatrical Federation, Vnncouvor.
Preildent, J. R. Foiter; aeeretary nnd
treuurer, T. W. Bapeted. Oftee nnd muting room, 810 London Building, Pendor
St. W. Regular meeting night, flnt
Bnndny In each month at T: 30 p.m. Bnalneu Agent, W. WoolrMge. Phono Prayer
3"L. _________
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAOUK OF
NORTH AMERICA (Vnncouver nnd
Tlcinity)—Branch meeti lit nnd trd
Mondnya, 810 Pender Ht. W. Preaident,
O. Hem, Centrnl Park _. 0.. Bontk Vnncouver; flnnncial aeeretary, E. A. God-
dard, 850 Rlchardi St.; Recording Seoro-
tnry, 3. h. Irvine, 24Sb—lflth St. W.,
North  Vancouver.
the doctrine that production Is tor
service and not for profit. So that,
the report says, Industry today requires "acceptance of the principle
that production Is for service and
not for profit alone."      .,-
The same writer has little good to
say of the programme of the delegates as outlined by their resolutions, of which there Ste some ISO,
all of which show the lack of understanding of the working class
position, and the absolute lncompt-
ency of the American Federation of
Labor to further the interests of
the working class.
Not satisfied with the miserable
propaganda which ls already cart-led on, resolutions have been introduced calling for the establishment of a chain of dally papers, to
still further spread misrepresentation and confusion amongst the
workers.
As an Indication of the paucity
of Intelligence of those supposed to
represent the interests of the workers, lt haa been proposed to set tip
Labor banks. This resolution,
series of resolutions, from different
organisations, have been endorsed
by officers of International unions.
That Buch nonsense can only direct
the attention of the workers from
the real Issue that faces the work
Ing clsss must be apparent to the
man who has only a faint Idea of
the trouble that Is facing the workers in the days to come, aa the clasa
struggle becomes keener, and demonstrates that the sooner the
workers cease to follow leaders who
do not underttand their position in
society, the sooner they vl\. take
the forward stops that aro neces<
sary in the movement towards th«
emancipation of a Blave class In
society.
Indications are to thc effect that
thore will be a struggle for the presidency between Lewis of tho Mine
Workers and Gompers. The result will not, however, chnnge the
attitude which ever reactionary
wins. They aro both tarred with
(be snme brush, and stand for all
that in reactionary in the Labor
movement,
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, DECO-
retort and Paperknngore of America,
Local lis, Vancouver—Meeta 2nd and
4th Thuridaya nt 148 Cordova St. W.
Phona Sey. sill. Bulneu ngent, R. A.
Barker.
repatriation of hln fellow-nationals,
m.Kht got In touch with German
(Inns and business men relative to
the purchaso of German wares-,
This was followed a little later by
Germany's dispatching a "Commercial Reporter" to Moscow.
From thoro on relations became
more and more regular, until they
culminated In tho treaty of May
6, 1921.
0. B. U. UNIT PILE DBIVER8. WOOD-
en Bridgemen, Derrlckmaa nad Rlggera
of Vanconver and vioinltr, Moeta oven
Monday, I _,n, In O. V. U. Hnll, 184
Pender Bt. W. Pruldent, A. Brooks;
inanclal aeereisry nnd bulneu agent, W.
Tucker. Pkoao, Seymoar til.
aftiUSafT A&D KLttOTBIG RiaWiT
root, Pleaoor DlvtileOlo. SOI
A. 0. T. HaU. Mb-mi rieuan
_ Ird Mondaya nt 1041 am aad
.n. Pruldent, F. A. Hoover, S40I Clarke
iTRKET   AND   .
Employeea, Wa...  _
-Meete A. 0. P. Hall,
Iat and Ird Mondaya nt
 OTMr,    	
Ive; recordlng'twrcttry, F. E. OriBn.
A*!—ilk Avenue Cut; treunrer, X. &
Cleveland; flnascJnl-aecretnry nnd bnalneu agent, W. SL Cottrell, 4808 But-
frlu Streot; oSee eorner Prior and Mala
"       Pheae F*ir I804R.
TYPOGRAPHICAL   UNION   Nn.    _
MeeU  lut  Sundny of ueh  month at
2 pjn. Piuldent. C. H. Collier; vice-
preildent, E. H. Ouugk; ueretnry-
treunrer, R. H. NeeUnde, Bot 06.
THE NEW WESTMINSTER BRANCH
of tho 0. B. U. moota oa the flnt aad
tklrd Wedneaday of every month. All
memben in this distriel an Invited to
attond.
WORKERS' COUNCIL, VANCOUVER,
B. C, meet! every Thnndny ovoning
nt • pm. ln the 0. B. U. Hnll, 104 Ponder St. W. Secretary, E. Horaburgk, Peader Hnll.
Provincial Unions
VICTORIA, B. Q.
VICTORIA AMD DISTRICT TRADEB
aad Ubor Ooaaoll—Mnoos flnt aal
third Wednesdays, Cntgbts of Pytalu
HnlL Hulk Park Strut, nl I va Prut-
•leal, 0. Stunt; vlu-prtoMeal, R. Elliott; fmrttnrytrfaanrer, E. S. Wood-
wnrd, P. O. Bot SOS, Victorin, B. 0.
PBIKOB RUPBRT. B. tf.
PRINOE RUPERT CENTRAL LABOR
Council, 0. B. U. Branchei: Prince
Rupert Diatrict Flikeriw Board, O.B.U.;
Motnltlfereua Mlnen1" Dlatrlct Bonrd.
O.B.U. Secrearr-treuurer, P. 0. Box
SIT, Prince Rnpert.
Dmgless Healing
Haa been pronounced by the
moat eminent phyalotane end
aurteons all over the world
to be the moat aene method
of re(torin« health.   I
W. J. DOWNIE
SAMIPSAOTIO
PHYSIOIAK
Huttv ef rnettttl
Drnglui Hnliag
Tes-_hee nature's method, For
further Information apply
DOWXnrs SAN-TABICM
UMITED
IS th Floor Standard Baak
Call and Inspect teatlmonlale
from -prominent M. D.'e ead
many others aa to our ability
to teach, eta.
Patrnnln.  F,il Adv
"FELLOW-WORKES"
0. J. Mengel
Virile, ell rlaaaee of bunr-
aooe. Represehtluf only flrat-
olaae Board oompantaa. If Inaurance le wanted, write or
phone Sey. tUI.
Onoe addreaa, Til Board ot
Trade Bldf., Vaneoaver, B.O.
COAL
Y*—*t SOOTLEH
AMD
NANAIMO      t
KlndUac Free
C Alf ADIAK WOOD AHD
OOAL COMPACT
1440 GRANVILLE  Bar. MH
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Oood Place to Ear*
HASTINGS AND COLUMBIA 8TS.
Mainland
Cigar Store
110 OAR1IALL STREET
THE PLACE FOB PIPES
KIRK'S
Guaranteed Coal
Means—
It onr coil is not ntls-
factory t° Joa, iftor tou
have thoroughly tried it
out, wo will remove whit
ootl is loft md charge yon
nothing for whit you htvo
med.
Ton to bo tho solo judgo.
Kirk & Co.
LOOTED
929 Main Street
Phene. Seymour Mil and MC
Are You Alive
To the fact that we are making tho bost Logger-Boot on
tho market today. They are positively guaranteed to
hold caulks, are lighter in weight and better fitting than
any other mako.  10-inch top, made to __*___
your measure „ S | O
Send Your Repairs by Mail
The "New Method" Shoe Making
and Repairing Co.
All O. n. V. Help—337 OARRALL ST.—Phone Seymour S317 ?AGE FOUR
thirteenth TEAR. No. u   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancopvm, b. e.
THlT>A?...:;...r.~.'.r.,....*«n* 24,  1921
CLAMAN'S STORE NEWS
Boya' Department—Second Floor
Suits That WiU Satisfy
-AT-
$29.50
Not "cheap" Suits, not Suits built to meet a cut price,
but good Suits that will satisfy. This is the Claman
standard. Offering you pure, all-wool fabrics, high-grade
tailoring and smart styles at a price distinctly low.
Genuine Irish Serge Navy Blue Suits. Guaranteed fast dye. Single and double-breasted
models for young men and all standard styles.
It's quality that counts in clothes. There's no economy
in baying poor stuff; and it never looks woll. Theso
Suits ensure satisfaction and saving both. If they fail,
your money back.  All sises.
THE BOMB OF
Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Claman's
LIMITED
153 Hastings Street West
Cy.pyH.ai oaa. Rart -cksfur a Han
Canada's Largest Exclusive
Store for Men and Hoys
REACTIONARIES
SEE NO LIGHT
IN ITALY
(Continued from page 1)
While the business press, a Uttle
gloomily, munched over the statement that constitutionalists can »■
Jolce in the knowledge that the
Bight Socialists won in preference
to the Communists, every one'else
Is celebrating a "notevale vlttorla.1
Notable to the Fascisti, because
they have definitely entered parliament with a quota of their own,
probably 80 Fascisti; notable to the
Popolare, because they have a few
more seats than before as a result
of refusing to go into the national
block—10S seats In all. and notable
. to the Socialists, because they did
not lose as many seats as Giolitti
had Intended they should. Holding
tbeir own In a defensive, not an offensive light, tkey have lost only i
or 4 per cent, of their former
Btrength, Instead of 50 or more.
And this will do Giolitti no good.
They return to parliament with 124
deputies, to which one must add
the 15 Communist deputies to
make a proper comparison with
the Socialist strength of 156 of the
last parliament.
And so every one rejoices. Every
one but Giolitti. To him has gone
entire defeat. On that point all
Italy agrees. He has neither won
the support he had hoped to get,
nor has he succeeded in spanking
the Socialist Party.
Wtth amazing foresight, Giolitti
called this election at what waB believed by every one to be the most
Inopportune time for Socialists.
Even the Socialists believed him.
Only Serratl believed that to abstain from the election would be to
throw victory into the hands of the
Constitutionalist enemy and to
throw greater strength to the Communists. With his usual foxlike
keenness, Giolitti saw possible victory for himself in the camps of his
most bitter enemies. He called on
all factions that had opposed him
er half-heartedly supported him to
torm a national block—not to help
Giolitti, but to save "la patrla,"
and to defeat Socialism, the recalcitrant child that stubbornly refused to play with the government; j
A free hand was given to the
Fascist! to go through the country
with "propaganda." Chambers of
Labor were destroyed, not occasionally, but every day. Homes of peasants were burned down. Socialists
and Communists alike were killed.
Scores of co-operative stores were
sacked. The workers on their part
fought back with, equal hatred and
bitterness. They were met by Royal
Guards and carablnlerl. Arms
we're in the hands of the government. Socialists who had preached
direct action ln the past suddenly
cried out against this method of
attack and, as the press put It,
clothed themselves In sheeps' skins.
Only the Communist., continued to
declare that direct action belonged
In the programme and must bo met
New National Hotel
200  Outalde Rooms
Special Hates by the Week
Pb.   Sey.   7930—1221   Granville
with direct action, thereby winning
for themselves the Socialists' epithet of "Red Fascisti."
The success of the Fascisti In
seeming to drive Socialist power out
of certain communities was at first
welcomed. Two hundred Sooialist
municipal councils resigned under
Fascisti pressure. But when shop-
holders, Popolare and even Republicans, began to feel the mad frenzy
of the Fascist!, the country was
alarmed. Giolitti commanded that
all such disorders cease. If the
government ever.tried to end the
outrages it was utterly Impotent to
do so, for the proclamation was
followed with as many killings' and
burnings aa at any other time. The
country became the battleground
for white guards and infuriated Socialists. '
Two days before the election
when every one was crying for sanity, the press was filled with stories
of Fascisti fights. At Torino, while
a Socialist and Communist were arguing, some one in the crowd shouted "Vive Russia." The usual shot
was flred and more shots followed.
Four men were wounded, all of
them workers, and one was killed.
At Regina, near Florence, the Socialist headquarters were' invaded
and all papers and the electoral
lists burned.
At Viareglo the ballots of the
Communists were bUrned and the
printers were warned not to reprint
them.
At Ferrera the printing offlce, at
which the Socialist weekly of the
community is printed, was smashed.
At Padua, where the flrst printing offices In the country were established, an offlce that employed
workers and printed besides Socialist literature the manifestos of
all other parties, the entire establishment was wrecked.
At Naples the Fascist! killed a
Socialist assessor who had been reported as having said derogatory
things about them. He was called
from his home and shot down.
When his brother rushed to help
him he, too, was shot and died
later.
At Trieste the Fascisti killed a
young Socialist who had made derogatory remarks amout them on
May Day.
And so the list runs on for one
day.    .'   .
With1 the election over the fighting continues. In Milan two Royal
Guards who patrolled a working
quarter were captured by workers,
whose parade had been broken up.
They took; the guns from the
guards, killed one and shot the
other. On the same day 20 Chambers of Labor were destroyed by
the Fascisti in other parts of Italy.
Within two daya 30 Fascist! hud
been killed and over 100 wounded.
The Italian press, which at flrst
noted the calm of election day, now
carries column after column of outrages committed by one side or the
other. Night nfter night the cavalry appear on thc streets of Milan.
They ride up and down, galloping
through every group that reaches
20 or so in number. Milan gathers
In tho cheap sidewalk cafes and the
expensive ones to drink ooffee
peacefully. Conversation runB
along as usual. Suddenly there Is
heard the unmistakable clatter of
hoofs. Shutters are closed, chairs
nre hurriedly pushed aside and a
stampede for the Inside of the cafe
begins.   No one Intends to get shot.
WOULD NOT FIGHT
BBITISH MINERS
(Continued from page 1)
Radical Reductions
IN
SHIRTS
$1.85 $2.45 $2.95
Big Variety from Which to Ohoose
C. D. Bruce
Limited.
CORNER HOMER AND HASTINGS STS.
to arrogant insubordination; and
with great regret, I ask to be allowed to resign jny commission on
reserve of officers.
"I cannot, as patriot and lover
of 'my country, conscientiously rejoin my regiment under the present
circumstances."
Mr. Woods also made the follow-
ing statement to the court:
"When the recent emergency
arose, he had to consider the question very definitely.
"His country had always been
his paramount ideal. When he
considered the emancipation of
slaves by Great Britain, he loved
his country; but when one thought
of the attempt of the mine-owners
to lower the standard of life of the
miners he hated his country for
the time being."
The decision of the court was not
given at the conclusion of the trial,
and has not yet been received by
The Federationist.
A   Comparison   Between
Statements of Different Rebels
If you want some sample copies
of this paper for your neighbors,
call around to the offlce and get
them.
All day long carablnlerl flle through
the streets breaking up the tlulest
beginnings of crowds. That is how
quietly Italy Is taking the election.
And out In the country, where it
Js impossible to patrol the land,
there the revenge goes on. Fasciti
drive through In camions every day.
Peasants lie in ambush behind the
hedges and flre on them. Th'e losses
In the Fascisti ranks since the election grow dally. It is true that the
peasants are taking their rovonge
on the Fascisti, but it is also to be
noted that when the Fascist! are
killed they are away from their
own towns. They die as Invaders,
When Socialists are killed lt is In
or near their own homes, or thcir
own headquarters.
The Socialist. papers call upon
their followers to prepare for the
more bitter struggles that wilt come
to them. They, remind the workers
that the Fascisti will begin greater
revenges In their defeat. The Trieste Fascisti Journal printed the
following call just previous to the
election, "In the law or against the
law, if we don't win May 15, woe
to the victors!"
Giolitti. went to the country with
the cry that the Chumber did not
represent the temper of the nation. He declared that he could
do nothing with parliament as It
was. He faces after this election
practically the same parliament,
the Popolnre a,little stronger nnd
thoroughly against him; the Fascist! more bitter than ever about
Flume; a handful of Germans and
Slavs, thoroughly anti-Itallun; the
Socialists stronger for having defeated him In the election; nnd thc
great constitutionalist block that
was to be so helpful actually made
up of a diversity of liberal democrats, radicals, reformists and
Fasci»tl, a dubious 278 Including
the Fascisti, ns against 124 Socialists, 16 Communists, 103 Popolare, and eight Germans and Slavs.
He faces a Chamber with Mussolini nnd 29 other Fascist) on the
one side who will go to Rome after still further assaults on the
Socialists, and Turati and Modigllani of th e Socialists on the
other, not to mention Bombacol
and Graziadel and other Communists. .His one hope will be to collaborate with the Socialists, but
will the Socialists collaborate with
Giolitti? The leaders say emphatically that they will not.
The press already predicts that
Giolitti must resign in the fall.
His successor will face then practically the same situation. Whether tho Socialists will collaborate
with him Is another question.
Here Is where the Communists
say the split In the Socialist parly
will come. Serratl Is against collaboration with the government, as
lie was before. Certainly the right
wing Socialists are for collaboration. Whether or not they have
the controlling power in the party
will be decided at the next Socialist conference, which will be
held in July or August.
EVJCRY READER CAN HELP
Every reader of The Fedora-
tlonlsi can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscription.* as soon as they arc due, nnd
nnd by Inducing another worker to
subscribe. It dot* not tnke much
effort to do (Ids.   Try it.
Those Against Capitalism
Sent to Gaol—Others
Honored
For some little time Communists in the Old Land have been sub*
jected to considerable persecution.
Amongst the prominent members
arrested were Arthur MaeManus
and Albert Inkpin. In Birmingham a number of Communists have
been arrested and sent to goal for
their utterances. In one case Hisre
were three members of this party
sentenced to six weeks* Imprisonment. One of this trio Is named
W. Brain, and the most seditious
remark attributed to him was:
"I don't want you to make a rev
olutlon. I submit. to you that a
revolution has already taken place
and is waiting for you to abido by
It-; Production for profits must be
abolished. There are two alterna
ttves. We must .either slowly perish with a series of wars, followed
by unemployment crises, or the
community has got to. take control
of the . instruments of production
and get io work."
Sedition and rebellion would appear to be found amongst those that
wish to end the present system,
and not In those who would resist,
by force of arms, the decrees of the
British government. Proof of this
can be found fn the utterances of
well-placed rebels who not only
threatened to resin the decrees of
th? British Houso of Commons aud
acts passed by, that body, but .ic<
tunlly In arming the people to fUht
ngainst the governmental force1
As fv.rther proof of this concept of
what constitutes sedition and r<
belllon, the following, utterances of
rebels, in high places will.be all sufficient;
"I do not hesittr.d to tell you thai
you ought to set v..uj.elv«jl against
the constituted authority In the
land. . . Drilling is illegal
The volunteers nre Illegal, and the
government know they are literal,
and the government dare not interfere with them. . , i Don't bo
afraid of illegalities; illegalities are
not crimes when they art <takcn to
assert what is the elementary right
of every citizen, the protection 'of
his freedom, and If any one tells me
I should be ashamed bf myself, I
tell him it. Is the motive I live for;
. . . "—Sir E. Carson, Sept. 7,
1913.
"We will shortly challenge the
government. They may tell Us If
they like that It Is treason. We
are prepared to take the consequences."—Sir E. Carson, July 27,
1912. JJ
"Men of the Ulster volunteers,
purposely address you this
way, as I have given up making
political speeches, and I want to
speak only to those who are prepared to flght. The time has come
when the men upon whom reliance
must be placed are not those who
cheer, but those who drill. Go on
and be prepared."—Sir E. Carson,
Oct. 1, 1913.
"If anything could add to the
gratification which I feel "at the
present moment it is that there
should stand beside me here the
Lord Primate of Ireland, a very
good specimen, lf I may say so, of
a brother rebel."—Sir E. Curson,
Oct. 4, 1913.
"We have been ridicuifid, Jeered
and laughed at by our political opponents tn England, i Well, thoy
can go on jeering and laughing,
and we can go on drilling and practising shooting, and we will see In
the end who is right."-7-Slr E. Carson, Oct. 6, 1913.
"Guns and ammunition have
been coming in for a long time,
but the measures taken on Sunday
(the landing of a cargo of German
arms at Larno) were necessarily on
a larger scale, because we are getting near the crisis and our men
are now drilled and prepared for
the arms."—Sir E. Carson, April
28, 1914.
"And now, men, keep your armB,
no matter what happens. I rely
upon every man to fight for his
arms to the end. Let no man take
them from you, I do not care who
they be, or under what authority
they come, I tell you, 'Stick to your
arms.' "—Sir E. Carson, June 6,
1914.
"From that moment (the passing
of the Home Rule Bill) we shall
stand side by side with'you, refusing to recognize uny law, and prepared with you to risk the collapse
of the body politic. . , , The
time has arrived for action on your
part and ours."—Sir F. Sn- Smith
(now Lord Birkenhead, Lord Chancellor of England), Sept. 20,vl918-
"I rejoice wherever I go to see
that the Ulster volunteer movement
is gaining ground In every part of
Ulster, and I will tell you why. It
Is because you are dealing-with a
government which understands one
argument—the argument of force."
—Sir F. E. Smith (now Lord'Birkenhead, Lord Chancellor of England), Sept. 20, 1913.
"I hope to see at an early dnte
those men who bave undergone the
Private Detective Agencies Have Been Aiding
Strikebreaking
(By the Federated press)
New "York — Strong indication
that there is an "underground"
connection between the police department and private detective
agencies moBt active in the Labor
spy" business nre among the charges
which, it is said, will be investigated
by the Btate as a result of political
animosity between Governor Miller
and his Republican machine and
Mayor Hyland of 'thiB city and his
Democratic hangers-on. The conduct of various departments by the
city of New Tork are being probed
by a legislative committee. The Investigation may not get that far.
For several days powerful interests
have been bringing strong influence
to bear to stop this line of Investigation, but lt is known that several
members of the committee wish to
pursue the police inquiry at almost
any cost.
There are reportB that one of the
big private agencies has been doing a tremendous business based on
a well-established connection with
police headquarters. The question
Is asked whether the power of the
police department has been sold in
the open market and directed
against the Labor unions. Often, In
recent strikes, the unioni have
found themselves confronted by
some mysterious poWer which exerted a terrific weight against them.
In at least half a dozen cases the
police are said to have co-operated
with a certain private detective
agency In breaking a strike. There
were two recent strikes—about a
year apart—of the operating employees of a Brooklyn railroad corporation. In the first the police
were noticeably neutral and fair.
That strike lasted for weeks. In
the second, the corporation engaged
the services, at once, of a private
detective agency which boasts of Its
strike-breaking accomplishments.
That strike was broken virtually In
a day. This latter incident Is one
which it is being sought to bring
under the scrutiny of the Investigators. A big cheque Is said to have
passed in that strike, aud lt has
been openly hinted that the cheque
represented the price of the police
power to break the strike. City
policemen and detectives are declared to have operated with their
"official badges as employees of the
private agency.
(By The Federated Press)
CHICAGO.—The Standard Oil
Company received a temporary set
hack ln Its attempt to establish a
petroleum . monopoly In Canada,'
when tho provincial government of
Alberta refused permission for the
construction of a pipeline from the
Mackenzie River region to Edmonton, Alberta. Tho Imperial Oil Company, the Canadian subsidiary of
Standard, made the application for
the 1500 miles of pipeline, which
would have cost $40,000,000.
Charter was refused the Imperial
company on the ground that it was
trying to establish a monopoly of
the oil business In Canada.
necessary discipline and drill arm
ed with real rifles. On the day on
which there will be in Ulster 100,
000 disciplined men armed with
rifles, wherever else Home Rule
may be talked about, it will never
be talked about in Ulster."—Sir F.
E. Smith (now Lord Birkenhead,
Lord Chancellor of England), Oct.
4,  1913.
It is officially announced that the
King has been pleased to approve
that the Right Hon. Sir Edward
Carson, K. C, be appointed a-fcdfd
of Appeal In Ordinary In the room
of the Right Hon. Lord Moulton,
deceased.
Rebels against the syBtem are
sent to prison. Rebels against the
government are given high places
ln the administration of the capl
tallstlc state. Yet there are work
ers that will not accept the truth
of the statement that "the State is
a- class Institution, and used with
all Its powers to maintain the presont system of society."
EVERY READER CAN HELP
Every reader of The Federatlonist can render valuable assist -
nnce by renewing their subscriptions as soon as they nre due, nnd
and by Inducing nnother worker to
subscribe. It dot* not take much
effort to do tills.   Try lt.
There's a
Reason Why
I get results when others fall.
Twelve years actual experience. Thousands of satisfied
patients.
Dr. W.Lee Holder
Spcclalls-
CHIROPRACTIC, DIET,
HYDRO THERAPY
Dally 1-5;  Mon., Wod., Frl,
1-8.
71 FAIRFIELD HUH).
Sey. H5.1S
To Buyers of Printing
The following firms have established the 44-hour week In
their workshops and are therefore the only printing offices
operating under conditions which aro fair to tho undersigned
organizations:
Ulocklx-rgfr, F. II 318 Broadway E.
(amnio Printing Co 321 Camnlc St.
Cumin A Hrooklioiuo 1120 Home SI,
Crosby & Ills-ell      SOO Ik'atty St.
IMin. mulr Printers    437 Duii.iimlr St.
Homer Printing Co Homer St.
Morris, ,1. F. A Co rear 523 Granville St.
North Shore Pross North Vancouver
Shoemaker A McLean.....'.....; North Vancouver
Wanl-Elwood, Ltd..., 318 Homer St,
VANCOUVEI1 TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 226
VANCOUVER PRESSMEN'S UNION No. 118
VANCOUVER HOOHUINDERS' UNION No. 106
United   States   Is   Still
Dickering With
Mexico
Interests Continue to Becloud the Real'
Situation  '
{By Louis P. Lochner)
(Federated Press tSaff Correspon-
"■" dent)
Washington — Is Secretary of
State Hughes setting up a straw
man ln the Mexican situation whom
he will, later proceed to knock
down, and thereby satisfy the exigencies of the case, which seem to
necessitate a "diplomatic victory"
by the United States? This is the
impression one can gain from reading the proposal for a treaty of
amity with Mexico.
The meat of the proposed treaty
Is this: The United States la ready
to oome to an understanding with
Mexico, provided assurances are
given' that the.famous Article 27,
by which Mexico asserts her right
to the ownership of natural resources, is not made retroactive
Fact is that Mexico long ago and
over and over again ''has declared
that Article 27 is not to apply to
the past, but solely to the future.
Even during the Carranza regime,
various' decrees were signed, in all
of which the reservation was made
that the provisions of the decree
did not apply to existing grants
and concessions. Secretary Hughes
would therefore seem to lay down
a condition which, in fact, has long
been met, or, to put It more cor
recti.., the need for the making of
which never existed.
Or does the Harding admlnistra.
tlon want to make itself guilty of
abetting American law-evaders in
Mexico? There is a certain group
of American capitalists who have
not complied with the provisions
of Mexican law by which they must
flle a record of their lends and con:
cessions with the government. The
Huasteca company ls one of them.
Of the 6,000,000 acres held by lt,
It has flled a record of less than
one-fourth of them. The offending
companies are now naturally ur.
easy over the prospect of Mexico's
applying Article 27 vigorously in
the future, for, having never re-
corded a large part of their holdings, they will be unable to claim
immunity from seizure ot them on
any theory of their having been In
legal possession of them before Article 27 went Into effect. For the
American government to claim
these lands for Its nationals would
be equivalent to saying that these
companies were right ln breaking
the law.
Another surprising feature of the
Hughes proposal ls the fact that the
American government makes an
official proposnl to Mexico and yot,
at thc same time, withholds recognition from the men with whom it
deals. In other words, it turns to
a group of persons with an offer as
though that group were the govern
ment, and ln the next breath says
that group will only be regarded
as the government when and If lt
signs on the dotted line.
Meanwhile the big American oil
interests In Mexico are trying still
further to becloud the Issue and to
keep trouble stirred up by misrepresenting the terms of thc new
Mexico tax levy on oil recently promulgated by president decree. This
new tax measure contemplates an
increase of about 25 per cent, over
existing taxes, and not, as haB been
prcss-agented by the oil interests,
a flat 25 per cent, ad valorem tax.
This new tax rate in fact works out
as follows: Fuel oil, which before
yielded a tax of U% cents per bar.
rel, wilt now yield 18 2-8 cents. On
gas oil, the highest priced of all,
the Jump from 82.08 per cubic meter (about 6 1-4 barrels) to 2.8214,
or less than 25 per cent. Certain
intermediate grades show the ful
lowing advances: Oil on which the
tax was formerly 85 cents per cublo
meter will now yield 11, and that
on which the rate was heretofore
81.07%, thc yield will be |1.25.
HAS EXPERIENCE
OF AMERICAN
"FREEDOM"
(Continued, from Page 1)
very ungentlemanly manner, and It
is about time the people of that
place were taught a lesson. It will
bo remembered that Goldstein him
self, when In this city, ulso Inti
mated lhat the reds of this part
might be Influenced by the good
American patriots when he was in
terrupted in his speech at the Hotel
Vancouver.
Alward's Impressions are that If
a man wishes to get by in the
States, he must have a knowledge
of all the patriotic airs, and that it
would be a great help to sing or
whistle the "Star Spangled Buir
ner," once or twice a day, and especially when in the presence of
members of the American Legion.
Centralla ls reported to be an
open town for migratory workers:
Invitations have been sent east and
west "to make your homo in Centralia." Of course, the home
means the Jungle. Farmers are,
howover, supplying food to thc out-
of-works.
As an instance of the disgust
amongst the returned men nt the
conditions that they are being compelled to face, after having mnde
teh world safo for democracy, Alward reportB that all over the
country, erturned men nre throwing away their service buttons in
disgust. Such is ths reward for
men who risked their lives thnt
their masters' democracy might be
saved to them, nnd a new world
arise as a result of their efforts. It
has Indeed arisen. Their heroism
hns been rewarded by a place on
the bread line or In tho ranks of
the hoboes.
Patronise Federatlonist advertls-
»*Von.l ,.11 th.m whv von _n sn.
The Largest Exclusive Men's and Boys' Shoe Store In the West.
That solid work shoe for men; wide, comfortable fitting, in tanqr black—
$5.00
CORNETT BROS. & CLARKE
LIMITED
The Men's and Boys' Shoe Specialists.
33 HASTINGS STREET EAST
Come On, Men! Hurry In
This Beats Any Other Offer
Two hundred and sixty-nine SUITS—every one a credit
to the tailor that made them, Orey Worsteds, Brown
Worsteds, Blue Serges, Fanoy Mixtures, and a host of
others that sold not very long' ago for
$70.00.   Special all this week for.	
$37.50
D.K.B00K
CORRECT  CLOTHES
137 HASTINGS STREET W.
Auckland, N. Z.—The government is conducting a campaign to
iu press radical literature under the
term of "seditious literature," or
"lawless advocacy." Numerous
prosecutions and convictions for
possessing or selling radical literature have taken pluce. In reply to
an inquiry by H. E. Holland, Labor
member of Parliament, the Attorney-General said it was not intended to prevent the advocacy of the
"wildest doctrines" of Communism, but only to supresB the advocacy of murder and violence an
a means of obtaining political ends,
Complaints to the Post Ofllce Department of the non-receipt here
of The Federated Press news service and of copies of "Soviet Russia" since the middle of January
have only drawn the remark that
they know nothing of the missing
packages." -
Phone Sey. 8546
N.J. Egan
GI-NEUAI.
INSURANCE
BHOKER
Suite 51—615 Hastings St W. J
Moscow.—The Council of People's Commissars has authorized
the Commissariat of Posts and Telegraphs to sign an Anglo-Russian
telegraph agreement for the restoration of cable communication
between England and Russia on
the basis laid down in the Anglo-
Rusalan trade agreement.
Labor and Socialist]
Literature
IN   ALL   LANGUAGE!.
can be obtained at
The International
Book Shop
Oor. Haatinga .nd Columbia |
Mall Orders Promptly
Attended to
Beattle Union Record carried I
Dunsmuir Tool Store
Second-hand' Dynamos, Blentrlo
Motors, Tools and Machinery
Bought and Bold.
SIS Dnnainulr St.       Soymour 8M8
OOWAN ft BROOKHOUSE
FEINTBBS, FUBLISHEBS, STEREOTYPIES ADD BOOXBIDDBBS
113* HOWE STHKET
Union Officials, write for prices.   We
the SATISFACTION.
H. Walton
PROFESSIONAL MAS8EUB
f-peclillit ln   Electrical   Treatment!,
Violet  Bar  end  High Frequency  for
Rheum*tlain, Sciatica, Lumbago, Ptr*
alynia,  Hair   and   Hcalp   Tnatmonta,
Citron lo Ailment a.
810-311 CARTER-COTTON BLDO.
Phon*   Sermour   2041
168 Haitingi Street Weet,
Millions of
School Childreil
Ace ht hving every day to amm I
I-IIhIi more than they are iib.l
to perform owing to lack tl
proper nourishment. When yol
flnd your children weak, nervoij
nnd run down, the Bystem nee
feeding Instead of drugging.
EGAL1
CUSURD POWDE.
compounded In Nature's labor]
tory, the protein of hew-In
eggs and fresh milk, supplies i
the lacking elements for ti
health and growth of chlldrel
The rich, egg flavor of Egfl
Custard appeals to the chlki
appetite, and Us wholesonl
composition, retaining all tl
nutritious qualities of new-lal
farm eggs and fresh milk, makl
it the Food Supreme for grow
Ing children, Infants or lnvallil
Kgnll C'uHtard makes a del1rlo|
nnd appetizing dessert, u
alone or with fresh fruit*.
ON SALE AT ALL (iltOCKll
These Suits are
Big Values Now
A big assortment of patterns—men's!
and young men's styles—single andl
double-breasted suits—tweeds, flannelsj
serges, cheviots, unfinished worsteds-
in plain shades, fancy mixtures andl
new checks and stripes. Wonderful!
values—look them over.
"YOUB MONEY'S WOKTH OR YOUB MONEY BACK" «!
Wm. Dick Ltd.
45-47-49 Hastings Street East
'.'""- ^*'-Wii»*»-¥__l_WiW
 f

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