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The British Columbia Federationist May 5, 1922

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«3, MAY 6,1»22
Workers Demand that
Dominion Government
Care for Unemployed
Mass Meeting of Workers on Cambie Street Grounds
v    Calls for Federal Action — Unemployed Are
Urged to Parade Misery and Compel the
Authorities to Grant Relief
TTBADED by the Canadian Na-tmand Work to Liv*."   The Work-
n tional Union of ex-Service
Men, a thousand workers
took part In the big parade
lait Sunday. Promptly at 1.80
p.m„ tha different organiiation! lined up behind their banners,
and the ohlef marshal ha* the parade organised and ready to leave
the Powell itreet ground* promptly
at tbe appointed hour, namely, I
The banner of the ex-Ssrviee men
tailed for united action en the part
of the workera, while others wer*
aomewhat caustically worded, and
expressed the Ideu ot tbe different
organisations responsible for their
appearance, and the following were
the moot noticeable: "Slavei Starve
While Masters Feast." The North
Shore worker* evidently kn*w Just
what thalr position was when they
had Ineorlbed on their banner th*
following: "Slavea of the North
Shore," while th* Burnaby unemployed organisations'* banner was
a demand, "Feed Ua, or Send 0s ta
Otber banners carried expressed
varying sentiments, but all wer*
distinctly opposed to the preient
system, and read as follows: "The
Workeri Rave Produced All
Wealth, but Now They Starve.';
"1814 Popularity and Flags, 1828
Charity and Riga" 'What About
It? Medical report lay*: 'Fifty-
tour par cent of South Vancouver
ohlldren are underfed;'" "140*
South Vanconver Unemployed De-
en Party ot Canada wa* well represented and headed by a banner
whloh was composed/ 'ret background and the latt* Sf IP. & Inscribed thereon. o ■
Considerable Intel "* 'aa taken
in the doings ot th E ken and
the parade if thoae J mbled* on
the sidewalk were " ——'—
for from the libran
itreet grounda the
Exponent of Amalgamation of Union Will Defend His Views
Claims That Trade Unions
Are Obsolete and Favors
Industrial Unions
(By The Federated Preee).
CHICAGO—William Z. Foiter,
1 secretary-treasurer, the Trade Union Educational league, haa ad-
dressed an open letter to Samuel
Oompers, president, A. F. of L.,
confirming his acceptance of
ohallenge to debate the Issue of
amalgamation of unlona by industries made by Oompers during a
meeting of local union officiala ln
I thia city.
Oompers scored Foster for having challenged an A. F. of L. or.
ganlser who attacked him at the
"Meeting, and aaked why the amalgamation spokesman did not do the
bead of the A. F. Of Ii the honor
1 ot challenging him to debate the
! Issue.   Oompers aald he was willing to have a committee of three
reputable trade unionists consider
the merits of industrial unionism
versus craft unionism as presented
by himself and Foster.
"Considering your high office in
the movement, I would not have
been presumptuous enough to have
io challenged you to iuch a de.
bate," writei Foster, "but seeing
that It your own proposition, I
herewith accept your offer, and
am holding myself In readiness to
present my arguments to the proposed committee as soon as it la
■elected. The personnel of the
committee, and the manner of lta
ulectlon, I am willing to leave in
your hands.
"My contention Is' that craft unionism Is obsolete. The old type
ef organisation, baaed upon trade
lines, can no longer cope successfully with organised capital. To
fit modern conditions our unions
'must be based upon the lines of
Industry, rather than upon those
of craft. The necessary induatrlal
unionism wUl be arrived at, not
through the founding of Ideal dual
unloni, but by amalgamating tbe
aid organisations.
.»"Already the trade unions, by
federations and other tat-together
devices, have made much progress
In the direction of industrial union-
ami. I hold that this tendency
Ihould be consciously encouraged,
we should not simply blundsr along
lined wltb people, i
"'   "ll
B ioriterion,
ie Cambie
alks were
r the time
_ grounds
» I
the parade arrived,
where the speaker
there wai at least
people present,     j
Onlrii— explains
W. H. Cottrell, ef the Street anl
Blectric Railway Bmployoes, chair,
man of tbe unemployed conference
committee, before calling on th*
apeakera, outlined the purpoiei ot
the demonstration. He pointed
out that tba worker! had been en-
deavorlng to get better relief measures for the unemployed during
the pan winter, and that It would
appear to be neceuary for aome
organiiation t* prepare for the
next winter,
. He pointed out that the committee wai not endeavoring ta
ohange tbe system, but to secure
relief for thon who, trom no fault
ot their,own, wer* without th*
meana ot lubeletenoe. Referring
to present condition-, be itated
that relief wai cut off aa tram the
88th, and that the demonstration
was being held- to endeavor to Induce the -provincial government ts
continue the relief, aa the Federal
government waa willing to assist If
the provincial authorities requested aid, aa It had.done in the past
George Hardy, of the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council, waa the
drst speaker caled upon, and In a
vigorous spsech, he called on tha
workers to sscure all they could
under the present system by or-
ganlsed effort. In opening, he
stated that there waa two aspects
to every question, and that the Ilrst
conference had condemned the
Hastings Park slave pen, the second
conference had, however, whea conditions ware different, and the single unemployed men were to be
tamed loose without meana ot nib-
alatencc.demanded that It be continued, and he-pointed out that tht*
- - (Continued on Page t)
Railroad Workers to Deal
With Important
HOUSTON, Tex.—President W.
8. Carter, Brotherhod of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen, will
call his triennial convention to
order here May t. Probably the
most important question Is the
proposed amalgamation with the
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers. The B. of L. B. polled s
resolution favoring such amalgamation at ita Cleveland convention
laat year, and the dealslon now devolves upon the firemen.
Further Issues are the labor
press; erection of a brotherhood
building; resolution for alliance
with the miners; participation in
political campaigns; co-operative
buying and distribution, and the attitude of the brotherhood toward
the decisions and practices of the
U. S. railroad labor board; establishment and maintenance of e
sanitarium for tuberculosis, suitable locations and costs of whtch
have already been ascertained;
election of a successor to Vice-
president Oeorge K. Wark, whose
death oaeurred the past week.
There will be 804 accredited
delegates from the United States
and Canada, one for every lodge
or brotherhood. An endeavor ts
being made to conolude the business at Houston within a month.
Tool* Needed
The local branch of the Society
for Techlncal Aid for Soviet Russia has received a donation of tools
for the first batch of workeri leaving for Soviet Russia, but more are
needed, and workera willing to
make such donations can leave
their names and addresses at the
Federatlonist olllce, or it 808 Pender street west, and the tooli will
be called for.
Propaganda Meeting
ON SUNDAY, MAY 7, at 8 p.i
Speaker -  -  J. KAVANAGH
a.siiiiiai*tii|iiii*».fr-»_i.*».sii iii|ii|ii|.*|i.|i.»ii|ii«iiiim4*%
Vicious   Sentences   Are
Handed Out to
Women Also Gome Under
the Powers of the
(Federated   Preu   Staff   Corree-
N*w York—New York
I* becoming a cloee competitor of
California in tbe rae* to aee whloh
oaa moot effectively Imitate th*
methodi of ctartitle Russia and tha
Oermany et th* kaiser. Whil*
California is Inflicting ferocious
aentencea upon men and' women
for membership in the I. W. W.,
under lta criminal syndicalism law;
thla state, la using it* tremendoui
power to imprison men and women
under lta 10-called criminal anarchy
law, enacted 20 yeara ago, aa a
reault ot the assassination of President MoKlnley by a half-craay
Within the last few days theae
things have occurred here
Isaac — Ferguson and Charles
E. Ruthenburg, ordered released
from prison, where they were
serving five to ten-year termi for
their alleged connection with the
publication in the Revolutionary
Age of the left wing manifesto,
were rearrested at' the' Sing- Sing
gatee on warrants involving merely
a technical variation of the oharge
on which they wer* convicted a
year and a halt ago. They had.
been admitted -to ball on certificate* of reasonable doubt pending
hearing of an appeal. After their
aecond arrest they were brought
to New Tork City and placed in
the Tombs, from which a few
days later they were released on
Simultaneously the, same judge
who granted the certificates
which they were released, issued a
similar certificate ln the case of
ex-Assemblyman Benjamin Gltlow,
Socialist, who also waa .convicted
and serving a prison term under
the criminal anarchy act. The
Judge, Benjamin! N. Cardozo,. of
the court of appeals, in all three
cases, deolared there waa reasonable doubt whether the criminal
anarohy act had -been-properly
construed. Qltlow also haa been
rearrested. Hie attorneya deolared
they would seek bis release on
parole In the aame manner as the
An application for a similar certificate or reasonablo doubt Is to
come ' Immediately before Judge
Cardozo tn the case of Jamea Larkin, serving a five to ten-year term
under the criminal anarchy law.
Oovernor Miller recently refused
to pardon Larkin.
But while these men apparently
have won an opportunity to make
another tight for their constitutional rlghta, a New Tork City jury
has convicted two women, Minnie Koltn and Tlna Jurson, under
the aame law, the specific charge
being the distribution a year ago
of circulars alleged to be seditious.
They have not yet been sentenced.
Judge Louis D. Bibbs, after thetr
conviction, raised the ball of Anna
Lolsman, alao charged with criminal anarchy, from 85,000 to 825,
000, giving no reasons except the
'suspicions ef the district attorney.
At the trial of Mrs. Kolln and
Mrs. Jurson lt waa brought out
that the circulars seized at the
time of their arrest . had disappeared, although supposed to bc In
possession ot the authorities, and
that city detectives had entered
their homes without a search warrant. The documents on which
they were convicted were alleged
by the police to have be'en found
In their homes, and were admitted
In evidence over the protest of
their attorney.
Unemployed Hold a Big
Demonstration ih
, (By lha Federated FN!*).
VIENNA.—Over . 10,000 unemployed) at Vienna recently conducted a demonstration before the
city ball and were addreasad by
leaden of the trade, union movement, tbe Soclaliit party and the
Communists, Resolutions were
adopted calling for a raise ln the
unemployment benefits, demanding the creation of opportunities
for work, and advancing the hope
that more workera be employed in
the Industries,
From the meeting the participants marched in parade form to
the parliament, where their demands were presented to Dr. Paur,
a member of the Austrian cabinet.
He promlied that the government
would seek measures ef relief.
Ole Tande le requested to communicate with Bird, Maedonald *
Co., solicitors, Vanoouver,- ae buslnesi transactions need hie attention.
Try your neighbor for a subscrlp-
11 ■ '(* I
Translate Your Views and
Appreciations Into Action
-.'"   XX':' 'Jv.'>.
THKiBgoanotnunt in tin iMtfcra* of itwffedtntiesiit
to th* *_-•«. thst for t —a ttie mat wild be issaed
•vary two wwt* hs* toB** Sosife of joy to tht metton.
siy lalwrpnbltarti-mstoM^tofcfployer*. But mm of
ths offaic-n ths*** ft.3WiJlior. Hjrai
- Om- snbscrib*?, * woauu st fist, not ta hsr m_e*ra_
thi* week, -md s__*M_git ottor ttitofi 8he had ths following
tossy:        ■:■'-■       ■' -Zx\
"Ai ttao gow on I ______ M-it-nror a* much si possiblo
to send yon something to h«_p*Mt. I sppnoUte ths
r«d«st_oi_jt more thsn I aaaria*/- * know whst it it to
keop s working-clt-M psper in the fl*M against opposition,
indifference snd flnsnaUl dep^tf-ion."
Oth«r nates hive been tested to action by ths announcement, and instead of it being the beginning of the
end, as the Alberta Ubor Hews*s»gine*,it is the starting
of a new era. The F-darsttonJs* hu earned the enmity of
the rqliag class because Of ita anositioB of the clus position, and while safe and sane _*taw papers can secure sustenance from the employing cBui, the Federationist wUl
exist in spite of the enmity of tfc* jfowrt. who would suppress it, and by \he sapfert rf jltisworker* whp realise
their clau position. Air seH_sefa"s»f ■■&» «pee**ed her.
- views as above oidy .Apmii# vtali et thseeend) at
Taim*-_tiT«i-*^at-mtefa salts, win bring
their active support. The fut«|«»f the fsdsrattonist is
secure if our readers only
their appreciation into
iii ill jlV
Officials of District 18 Ask British Labor Orator to
Workers for
Trade Unionists Asked to
Send Financial
The' official! ot District 18 of
United-Mine Workeri of America
have Issued an appeal for assistance for th* striking miners. The
appeal reads aa follows:
To All Organised Labor Throughout the Dominion "of Canada.
Fellow Workers:
Tou are, no doubt, aware that
the Minors throughout Alberta
and Eastern British Columbia are
out on strike agalnat a 50 per cent:
reduction in wages, and the ar»,
rogant attitude of the Coal Operators ln their effort to create open
shop conditions for Mine Workers;
You will realise that, if by chance,
they are successful ln their at,
tempt with the United Mine Workers, lt will only be a question of
time before tbe whole Trade. Union
movement will be affected in like
In view of thla we are appeal-1
Ing to every Trade Unionist in tho
country for moral and flnanolal
support, believing, as we do, that
this fight li their fight, and it behooves all to help in any way possible.
We further realise that owing to
business depression for the post
twelve months, the varioui Local
Unions will not be overburdened
with funds. However, any
once they can render will be of
great help in caring for the moit
necessitous cases.
We have about 10,000 members
with their dependents, Who will
need assistance if we are to carry
tbe strike to a successful conclusion.
It Is our opinion that th* Operatora are In for a lengthy euipen-
slon of operations, believing that-
through starvation and want tbey
will be able to force the workers
to accept their eonditlons.
Owing to ths extent of the
strike, which affects tha whole
continent, we cannot expect much'
financial assistance from our International organisation; hence we
are foroed to appeal to every Trade
Unionist for assistance i/s this
tight, which everyone familiar witb
the labor movoment realises Is
nothing more than an attempt by
m m is
Spieak for Famine
|     ^Sufferers
Will   Deliver   an   Ad*
. ■ dress and Film
jj*;;    _ Lecture
1 The . local: committee ef the
Frienda -of Soviet Russia have
been informed that Henry Sara
fainous. English orator and Journalist, will be in Vancouver about
May 14! ; ». - ' '
: Arrangements are being made to
hold- a publio meeting and a lecture, tor the purpose ot giving Sara
the opportunity of giving the worker* of this part of the world a true
insfebt into the conditions which
prevail in.the famine regions of
Soviet Ruaela.
. fiie-followlng comments on Sara
by men known the world over in
the working class movement,
should be sufflclent to secure capacity audiences when he speaks:
- Tom Mann and Nat Watkins, of
the British bureau of the Red International of Labor Unions, ln
reamm-iKling Henry Sara, says:
"Wfl take this opportunity to bring
Sag* to the notice of your organization. We have known htm for a
lon time sb one et- the finest and
tnt/ei effective speakers the Brig-
lishtmovement haa produced in recent'years. His activities on behalf of all questions affecting the
Ron-tan revolution are known to
a)l the active men here ln England.
We feel sure that tbe results that
accrue from his tour will more than
Justify this recommendation."
John 8. Clark, editor of the Eng.
lisb Worker, writes: "I have known
HCiiry Sara for many years, and
have pleasure in stating that he la
a .public  speaker of  pronounced
ability, and possessed of two qualities »o   often   lacking   In public
speakers—a convincing personality
anl u scrupulous regard for accuracy. > He is, moreover, a man who
has heen   tested   and   not found
wanting.   Hla work here has left a
laeihig Impression."
'Honiry Sara will leave a lasting
-Ptesslon on all wh* hear Mm on
Incontinent.   At hli Snt meeting
,',.'" (Continued on Page 8)
down wages and dreate Open Slap
oondlUoni throughout the Dominion. ...    . „
All Donation! should be sent to
Robert Peacock, Secretary-Treaa-
urer, District N*. 18, United Mine
SI/EM ^Unemployed Parade
Their Misery in Down
To wn Sections of City
Visit Warehouses and Large Departmental Stores ■
Trades Council Appoints Speeial Committee    *
With Power to Act-Work on Prairies Net
for Married Men, Says McVety
r-»0___-OWINQ    the   unemploy-twoodward'i ud Spencer's storei,
Hoars of Labor Inereaaed
WhBe Wages Are
Crushing of Workera* Organization Is Sought
by Employers
(By The Federated Preee)
Berne, Switzerland (by mall).—
The International Federation" of
Metal Workers, whoa* International headquartera I* at Berne, la
engaged In a bitter struggle with
the employers, The lane* on the
surface are two-fold: Lengthening
the 48-hour week to 48 hours, and
reduction of wagea.
Behind these issues, -however, I*
a concerted effort of the bosses to
break the back of thli powerful
organiiation. Tbe metal workeri
are among the molt progressive of
th. trade unionists. . Employera tn
all branches of lnduitry look with
particular disfavor upon the organiiation.
One of the thingi that tbe employers hope to abolish la the
voice ln tbe management which the
metal worker! of Burope now en-
Joy In a number of countries
through worki councils and similar Institutions. Onoe that point le
gained tha bosses' will seek to make
,the condltons of employment- lew
attractive than tbey now are,
thanks to the voice In the management wblch the organised workers
According to Secretary Conrad
ilg, thousands of Danish workers
were looked out several weeks ago
and were practically thrown upon
tbe street.
Likewise In Oreat Britain, where
the bosses instated not only upon
longer hours and lower wages, but
also upon overtime work, several
thousand machinists were locked
out oarly In March, and the lockout waa lately extended to workera
in the other branches of the metal
In Hungary 10,000 metal workers are now walking the streets,
thanks to the lockout declared by
the employera Austria, Belgium,
Italy and France ore alao acenes ot
tbe conflict. .
In Oermany the situation ls particularly severe. Said Conrad Ilg:
"The coit of living, brought about
through the progressive lessesing
of the value ofthe mark, Is rising
to Impossible heights and Is forcing our brothers to demand' higher
wages, while the employers are
doing everything possible to lessen
the standards of living and to make
worse the conditions of employment. In South Germany alone
ovor 100,000 metal workers are Involved ls a struggle to word off the
48-hour week."
The international secretary has
Issued an appeal for help to all national branches, especially those as
yet not hard hit by the offensive of
the employers.
In the United States the International Federation of Metal
Workers is represented by the International Association of Machinists. The federation belong! to
the Amsterdam International; consequently the Russian metal work-
era ore not. represesteil, sl.ice thoy
belong to the Moscow (Red) Trade
Union International.
P* ment demonstration lait Bun.
> day, development! have taken
place which have caused the au-
thor-ltlei many heart-burnings. On
Monday morning the unemployed
held meetinga at SI Cordova atrett
weit, and deolded to Interview the
elty counoll and ate wbat that body
wai going to do about It With reUef eat oft, the Jobless workeri realised that It waa no time for the-
orislng, but a time for action. If
the ohlldren war* to eat
VUt Warehonsee
SWIIng to aecure from the elty
oouncll a continuance ot relief, eeveral hundred Jobless worker*, In-
eluding women, took a itroll down
town to the wholesale district on
Monday afternoon. They visited
the warehouses and demanded
food. Naturally, the forces of law
and order were at once called upon
to protect private property. The
police stated to the demonstrators
that they were not allowed tb be*
wltbotu a permit, the leodera of the
Jobless army replied by pointing
out taht. they had a verbal'permit
but the written word wai demanded. "Where do we eat?" wai the
cry of the men add women whoie
only means of subsistence had been
cut ett, but the police hod no answer- but o use their persuasive powers to get the orowd to move ea.
Oa Tueaday another demonstration waa staged. Forbidden the
right to parade In the uaual way,
the unemployed treated themselvea
to a "sidewalk parade" on Tuesday
forenoon, several hundred strong.
Leaving the Loggers hill shortly
before noon, tbey took ibe Cambie
•treet entrance to Hastings itnet,
then along the sidewalk past Spencer's atore to the post ofllce. Crossing there to the eaat pavement ot
Oranvllle street, and so up to the
Hudson's Bay emporium. There
thoy turned along Oeorgia and thus
to J. ti. McVety's offlce on Richards
itreet, when they forced that official to confess that here wen no
lob* for them; also tbat a jaunt to
tha prairies was lmparctlcable aa
far as married men werec concern,
ed, the possible earnings being insufficient to keep the families left
Later the men and women visited
Workers of America,   Box   1884,
CSlgary, Alberta, Canada.
Trusting    this    communication
11 receive favorable consideration
inrs fraternally,
the   employing   classes   to   force .   . ■• *>• WILLIAMSON, President.
Pan Soap «7 WILLIAM RTAN,   Vlc*-P_e__.
'  I dint.
.ROBERT    PEACOCK,    Seer*.
■' tary-Treaaurer.
iROBERT LIVETT, Internation-
; af Board Member.
For ttwparpoo* of aasisMng in fre eeenomlc restoration of
Sunday, May 7th, at 3 p.m.
Local 844 of the Steam and Operating Engineers held a very successful open meeting on Tuesday,
April the 86th, and at the regular
meeting of the local, hold later ln
the evening, lt was deolded that
the meetings would be held on the
aeqond and fourth Tuesday In
eaoh month, the meetings from 8
to 8 p.m., to be open to all engineers. Tbe Initiation fee bas been
set at 82, and all engineers interested in securing the highest wages
and the best conditions are
quested to attend these meetings
and Join the organisation.
Dodges Issue of Amnesty
for Political
(By The Federated Press).
PARIS.—The question of am-
neaty for political priionen, whloh
was In a fair way to be solved
under the Briand ministry, ls to be
•helved until after the lummer
vacation. When Marcel Cachin,
Communlit deputy, in the ohamber
of deputies, Interpellated Premier
Poincare ei to what had happened
to amnesty, Poincare replied tbat
hli government favored the Briand
project, but that it could not act
until the chamber Itself had first
acted. Cahin moved that the am-
neety question be debated and deolded before the Baiter vacation.
Hit motion waa defeated by a two-
thirds vote.
ST. LOUIS—The annual report
of Health Commissioner Btarkloff
to the department of public welfare, declares that profiteering real
estate Interests constitute a menace to public health ln Bt. Louis.
Landlords, Dr. Btarkloff pointi out,
have nlaed rente to such an extent a* to force many famlllu to
live In crowded quarters and ln
tenement! almost unfit fer habitation,
White Guard in Eastern
Siberia Gives No
Hope to Capital
(By The Federated Preu).
WASHINGTON—Eastern Blber
la, under White Guard "government" but under Japanese military,
occupation, ls a commercial hope
rather than a reality, according
to cabled report to the Commerce
Department from Trade Commissioner Mayar at Vladivostok.
Business Js almost at a standstill,
Merchants carry old stores of
goods, but the people have no purchasing power. Business houses
are closing down in conseqoence.
Japanese and Chinese carry on the
meagre trading.
"The local government has no
money In the treasory," he says,"
"and the monthly expenditures, beoause of the military movemente
It has undertaken against the Far
Eastern republic, are In excess of
tho revenues, which are derived
chiefly from the customs. The
government is attempting to secure
a loan through a mortgage on government property, but this matter
for the present Is speculative."
Japanese money Ib the currency
In Vladivostok, and Japanese banks
do the financial business.
Na attempt wa* aud* te i
goodi, bat the police wen then la
force and. protected private pros*:
erty, whloh Is th* bill* of the pre*
•ant system which causea slaves t*
(larva la th* midst of plenty.
Tueeday evening a deputation
from the unemployed waited on th*
Vanoouver Tradea and Labor Conn,
ell, aad laid the situation before
that body, asking tbat tha council
call a general atrlke for S* bout*
aa a protett agalnit the cutting ott
of relief. The oouncll later adopted the following resolution:
"Owing to' the Inability ot thla
council to call a 14-hour atrlke, ba
it reiolved that a committee be appointed to take up the matter of
unemployment forthwith In tha
olty with instruction! to interview
tha mayor and th* Provincial government aad with full power ta
»et" . ', i
Th* committee appointed connate of A. Crawford, preaident ttt
tba oouncll; J. Nixon, V. Bengough,
aeoretary ot the council; A. Fraaer
and R. a Neelands, M. _. A.
On Wedneaday morning a newa
Item appeared In the Vancouver
Snn to tbe effect tbat the Robert.
Dollar eompany needed eighty mentor work in tbe lumber campa operated by that company. Not fearing work, the unemployed went to
the. Dollar company's offices, and
uked tor the Jobs. They were,
however, Informed that the com-
(Continued on pas*' <>
Controls Economic  aad
Financial Life of the
Now   Seeks to Control
Thought of Workers of
Paper Combine
MINNEAPOLIS. — Abolition of
the officers' reserve corps is
asked in a resolution adopted by
the Minneapolis Trades and Labor
assembly, as a result of revelations In connection with the army
board grilling ot the Rev. Russell
H. Stafford, lieutenant In the reeerve. Officers who preferred
charges against him claim a member of the reserve corps has no
right to speak on any question not
In accordance with vlewa of the
war department. Stafford opposed
military training in the high
(Federated   Presa   Staff
BERLIN, Oermany. — Hugo
Winner, the uncrowned king ot
Germany, Is likely ioon to control
not only the economio and financial life of hia fatherland, but even
the thinking processes of hi*
countrymen. He baa slowly and
cautiously possessed himself of th*
varioui oourcei of mpply which go
Into the making of a newspaper
—suoh aa wood pulp, paper .manufacturing establlihmenta, prlnten*
ink, etc.—eo that, If the preaent
tendency continue!, all Oerman
publishers may soon find themselves at the mercy of Stlnne*'
powerful trust.
In the working class press—i
papera auoh aa the Rote Fahne,
Frelhelt and Vorwaerts—attention
baa unceasingly been called to tha
"Btlnnesotion" of Oermany and Ita
consequent dangers. But the cap-.
holistic papera, except Insofar aa
their party interests collided with
tho Stlnnes programme. Ignored
the danger. They have awakened,
however, with a rude shock. They
are finding that, unless something
is done about the high coet of
paper and of the production of
newspapers, they themselves may
he forced to tbe wall.
A glance at tbe rising cost of
print paper discloses that the
price of newsprint has risen to 70
times the pre-war figure. A kilogram of newsprint paper (about
3.2 pounds) coat:
Before the war, .20 markaj'-
November, 1*81, 8.4T marki;
December, 1821, 4.20 marka; January, 1822, 7 marks; February,
19*2, '.80 marka; March, list,
8.25 marka; April, 1882, 14 marka.
In other branohei of tha production ot a paper the Inoreaae la
even greater, Thui th* coit ot
metal for the linotypes has gone
up to 100 times Iti pre-war level;
that of Ink, oil, gasoline to similar high proportions.
Tho price at which papers are
sold, however, haa only risen to
figures   approximating    11 or 18 -
timet tbat   of    pre-war    prlcea.
(Continued on page S)
Don't Forget the Dance
In Aid of the B. C. Federationist
Wednesday, May 24th
Show your solidarity by attending thla dance and aaalstlng th*
only real Lalior paper weat ot Winnipeg.
111111 iii i.iii 111111 ___________
„. '■■   I '  '.. _£=___:
Published every other Friday morning by The B. C,
Federatlonist, Limited
A. a. WELLS Manager
Ofllce:   Room 1, Victoria Block, 342 Pender Bt. W.
Telephone Seymour 8871
Subscription Kates: United States and Foreign, 88.00
per year; Canada, 82.50 per year, $1.50 for alx
months; to Unions subscribing In a body, 16c per
member per month. '
Unity ot Labor:   The Hqiw of the World
-May 5,  1922
Trade Unionists Should Aid
tlie Unemployed
THE unemployed situation calls tor action,
on the part of Organized Itbor. When first
relief measures were adopted there were some
threo hundred married men in Vsncouver needing and asking for relief. According to Belief
Officer Ireland's statement* there are at thiB
time at least seven hundred seeking relief, and
some twelve hundred ohildren are dependent
on these unemployed men. His statement in
part reads ss follows:
"The 702 men on the roll be_o_e;relief
was discontinued had 1267 children dependent on them. The greater majority of
these men had lived in Vancouver for two
or more years, thirty-one having bcen residents of the city for more than twenty
years. Fifty-one of these men hare been
out of employment for a year or morej
nine for eleven months; twelye for ten
months; thirty-one for nine months; 155
for eight months; 151 for seven months;
eighty-four for six months; 103 for five
months; fifty-six for four months, and
fifty for three months and less."
• *     *
Necessity knows no laws. Men with hungry
children are desperate men. Men without
the means of securing food for their children
are often compelled to do things which are opposed to their ideas of right and wrong;
against their ideals and codes of ethics. The
relief is now eut off, and these unemployed men
will be compelled to secure food by aome
means, and there are two ways open to them.
The first is to secure work at whatever wages
the employers -will offer. The second is to
steal and place themselves in the position of
outlaws, subject to the powers, of the authorities.
e    '»■-  e
While a highly placed ecclesiastical once
stated that a man would- be a coward if he
saw his children starve in a land where there
was plenty, we do not expect that the unemployed will take his advice They may, however, be compelled to adopt the first means of
securing a living. If they do that, they will
at once become dangerous to the. standard of
living now enjoyed by the men who are at
present employed.. For this reason alone, the
Trades and tabor Council of Vancouver should
take steps to see that relief is granted to the
* ^» -* e
Other motives, outside of self interest, should
move the trade unionists of this eity to bestir
themselves in the securing of relief for* the unemployed. Over twelve hundred children are
now faced with starvation. There are other
thousands wbo, due tb the intermittent employment of their male supporters, are undernourished. The cry of the children should be
sufficient. The Trades Council has already appointed a committee to endeavor to secure
relief from the authorities. If this committee's
efforts fail, then there is only one course for
that body to adopt, and that is to call a conference of thc representatives of all the trade
unions in the eity, and the unemployed organizations should be also invited to send representatives. Thc unemployed have refrained
from seeking work at rates which would give
them the work" in preference to those obtaining
union rates of wages, and the least the trade
unionists can do is to see that they are enabled
to carry on while they are unemployed, and to
maintain their position, without endangering
the position of those already working.
An Extension to "Hi* Master's
EVER since the fint slave was shackled,
every human invention has been used to
aid the exploiting class to retain its power
oyer its slaves, Thc needs of humanity never
enter into the calculations of the master class,
the members of that class having their vision
circumscribed by profits. Recently it was announced that a new motor had been invented.
Its oost of operation and upkeep is so low that
it is stated, by those who control industry, that
it is three hundred years ahead of-the times.
In other words, it is not considered to be useful, because it would not be profitable and
therefore will not be used.
* *     e
The radiophone, another new invention, is,
however, being pushed. Its utility as a means
of spreading ruling class propaganda and
views is already established, and the servant ofthe ruling class, "the free press," is extending
its scope and power. The slave can now hear
his "master's voice" as well as read the piffle
of his hack writers,
• •     *
It may be true that some music will be
broadcasted, but so far as we have seen, the
radiophone is being used by the master class
to spread Hs news and views, and as time goes
oil we will find that the slave with a few dollars
to spare, and who instals his receiving apparatus, will be regaled with the softening influence
of music interspersed with ruling-class propaganda.
»      »      •
The farmer will be able to hear the price
quoted for his product, and the necessity for,
more work, although his back may ache with
the toil of the day, and later in the evening
hear all about the "depravity" and profiteering of the miners, the exorbitant wages of the
artisan class, and the causes of the high prioe
of binder twine. But the misery of the slaves
of modern capitalism and the present system
of wage slavery throughout the world will not
be sent out from tke newspaper offices so that
FQURTi-BNTH YijAB^No.-l,-     THE ^RITlS%-U(j|feUMBIA JFEp|jM33PNJSr    VWCOnvBX.M.O.
the workers of aU lands may learn just what*
their fellow workers tre Compelled to suffer,
at least not yet, .
The Red T.U.I, and Domination
THERE was never a period in the history
of the working-class movement when the
necessity of "class" over all other viewpoints
was so necessary. The labor, movement has
bcen split, and will be split again, because of
thc necessity for clarification, but there are
splits which aro not only unnecessary, but due
to the faet that certain groupa of workers become so impregnated with the idea that the
views they hold, or the organization they belong to, is the only way to working-class freedom, and as a result, thc class viewpoint is
overshadowed by the partisan outlpok of those
who have become patriotic to their own views
or organization and have lost sight of the class
struggle and all that it entails.
* »     *
Since the formation of the Red Trade Union
International, an organization based on the
recognition of the class struggle, this partisanship has been brought to the fore. Anti-political actionists are lined up—athough they are
not at one with the ruling elass—with that elass
as against the new Trade Union International
organization. They use the same arguments
as does the master elass against it, and cry
from the housetops, "It is controlled by the
Communist or political wing of the working-
class movement," and today we find that many
of the members of the, I. W. \V., aa it is.today,
are taking a position altogether foreign to that
taken by that organization in the past. We
find that Sandgren, who is close in touch with
the executive of the I. W. W., and such men
as Carl Berg and Oordon Cascadden, writing
and preaching against the only militant International Trade Union Organization in the
world. Their fulminations are as nauseating
as they ar* reactionary. They are in line with
the most- reactionary trade union officials and
the ruling class apologists. In fact, if they
were paid for it, they could not serve the International ruling class better than they do
when they attack the Red Trade Union International.
«     •     *
The old-time member of the I W. W. ia not
opposed to the-Red Trade Union International.
He may have been an opponent of political
Action as he understood it, but he never was,
and never will be, opposed to an International
based on class lines and which recognizes the
class struggle, and, recognizing it, prepares the
workers to take part in that struggle. As an
answer to those who imagine that because the
Trade Union International has dealings with
the Third or Communist International, it is
controlled by the political wing of the international working-class movement, we would call
their attention to the following statement is-
sued by the executive committee of the Red
International, which reads as follows:
"On the basis of the fact that all revolutionary trade-union forces have been
combined in the Red Trade Union Interna-
... tional under whose banner Syndicalist,
Communist and non-partisan workers are
united and, furthermore, that misunderstandings and even confusion have arisen
in certain Syndicalist circles with regard
to the resolution of the -First Congress of
the Red Trade Union International re the
relationship to .the Communist International, the executive committee of the Red
Trade'Union International reolares that
- the resolution in question means in no way
the subordination of the trade unions to
the Communist parties, or of the Red Trade
Union International to the Communist International, but the unity of all the organized forces of the working dqfts for
the purpose of overthrowing the capitalist
"As the Oerman syndicalists have at
their congress in Dusseldorf expressed **
their intention of founding a purely Syndicalist International, thc executive committee of the Red Trade Union International cannot but warn all revolutionary
organizations against these attempts at
splitting and must vehemently protest
against this attack upon, the unity of the
proletariat. At the same time it declares
that a sectarian international such as that
is foredoomed to utter impotence.
"Being convinced that it will prove
possible to find a solid foundation for •
logic for a bloc of all revolutionary forces
of the world, the Executive Committee addresses the urgent appeal to aU revolutionary trado unions, including those which
have pronounced against joining the Red
Trade Union International, to participate
in our Seoond Congreu.''
* •     •
The above statement is a refutation of the
confusionists' ideas as to domination. It is
a complete denial of thc idea that the Red
Trade Union International is a subject body.
But what our partisan fanatics must learn, is
that it is possible for the two wings of the
working-class movement, te move together,
and in agreement, seeking the unity of the
working class, without cither one or the other
becoming the subject to or subservient to th*
other, and that class interests are of more concern to the workers than any ideas which some
men may have that a few "magic letters" or
a peculiar form of organization or mentality
on the part of certain workers, will bring to
the workers that freedom which they must
have or stay slaves for ever. A united working class is the objeot of the Red Trade Union
International, and that is sufficient for all real
militant workers, in spite of the waitings of
fanatical partisans. Old-time members of the
I. W. W. niight well at this time take note of
the fact that Oeorge Hardy, who is known all
oyer the North American continent, was expelled from the I. W. W. because of his
espousal of the Red Trade Union International,
which organization he was able to size up as
the representative of the I. W. W. in Russia,
where ho was in close touch with the Provisional Executive of the Red International.
Just about the time he was expelled from the
Ii W. W., Hardy was ordered deported from
thc United States, and while there may be no
connection between these two expulsions, the
opponents of the R. T, U. I. in the I. W. W.
ate certainly parroting the cries of the master
class and the reactionary trade union officials
whon thoy take the stand tbat the Third Communist International controls the trade union
U. 3. Bailroad Shopmen
Are   Up  in
Anns    '
Evasion of Transportation
Act Brings Workers
to Action
Chicago—Over five hundred delegate- unanimously voted for a na-
tion-wldo itrlke of holt a million
railroad ahop employee! aa a protest agalnit the evasion of the
Tranoportation Aot by mor* than
eighty railroad* la varioui parti of
the country,. and th* attendant
farming out ot repair work in an
effort to cruih the railway union,
at th* ilxth biennial eonvention of
the Federated Sho* Crafts, held la
Chicago laBt week.
The reiolutlon ealliag for dm-
tto action on the part of the railway employeea waa posse* oa
Thureday, April SI, after two and
a halt dayi of heated debate.
"If no satlafactory settlement ll
arrived at," declare! the resolution
In part, "the executive council, mechanical section of thla department,
shall direct the lenience of a atrike
TOte to which tbe members, through
their afflliated organizations, will be
subjeot, and the aame be compiled
and tabulated within sixty Mays
from the date of adjournment of
this convention and effective at the
option of the exeoutlve councU and
the executive board* of the three
divisions." .-.- -     tIjl..   .
Delegates Solid for Strike
The unanimity of the delegates
on the desiro for a atrike wai der
monstrated when an amendment
wai interjected to restrict the strike
to those roads directly affected, wai
defeated by an overwhelming majority.
. Abundant and conclusWe evidence waa produced by many of the
delegate!, which indicated' vividly
the desperate effort! of the railway
companies to obliterate unions and
unionism on the railroads, Suoh
evils as piece work, straight. time
for Sunday work, letting out ot repair work (farming out j'obi) to
contractors to escape Jurisdiction Of
the transportation aot were factors
shown to exist on many!of- the
roads. That the. companies -were
determined to reduce the* men to
the state in which they were before the organization spread,, waa
made plain by a great number ef
the delegates by undiiputable evidence. The railway labor board
was flayed mercilessly from beginning to end as a purely company
institution, whose purpose wai
avowedly to degrade the worker!
and subordinate them to the railway companies' wishes.
Officials Block Bight Action
In spite of the fact that practically all of the-delegates present
were high salaried officials of the
unions, most of them being system
chairmen of tbe varloua organizations, ahd getting from 8800 to 850*
per month and expenses, the convention was radical in all Its actions. The radicalism, however,
was not of the hot air, or rabid
type, but it smacked of a determined effort which waa visible
throughout the convention to
strengthen the railway unions, and
to bring about solidarity of action.
These efforts were largoly shattered upon the opposition of the general presidents of the afflliated
unions. The latter constitute the
general executive board of. the railway employees department of the
American Federation of Labor, and
their efforts were constantly bent
toward keeping tho department
from winning any power, and to
assume itl continuation ln their
own hands. Every attempt in 'the
convention to increase the per capita of the department so that It may
function to greater advantage woe
fought by them; and a dozen otber
projects aimed at increasing the
utility of the department as well
as gaining more complete Jurisdiction of the workeri In the organization, was fought tooth and nail
by theie reactionaries.
Jeer aad Boo Union Heads
The unpopularity of the union
ollicers at this convention wits emphasized by loud and prolonged
Jeers and boos from the delegates.
Whenever they took the floor in debate, they were hissed and booed
In ft manner that made them uncomfortable, and left no doubt as
to their "undeslrablonen."
The Trade Union Educational
League played an Important role
ln the discussions In this eonvention. It was brought out that several months before the convention,
this organisation had been reach*
ing out to the railroad ' men-
throughout the nation witb ths
proposition of amalgamtlon of the
various unions, and that this [Campaign resulted ln the development
of a strong sentiment among, the
rank and file for amalgamation.
Forty resolution! came before the
convention from different organizations demanding that all Ufa
unions fuse together. Great alarm
was spread among the bureaucracy
when thie subjeot wae broached,
and they acted ai lf la a panic
Portray IdvM Terror j
Their terror made tba situation
extaordlnarlly humorous. They
feared that even the high salaried
eystem chairmen delegatea might b*
stampeded for amalgamation. ' It
was unmistakably clear thai' a
large proportion of the delegation
was heartily for amalgamation, and
It looked dangerous for tbe bureaucracy.
It required all tba power and
manceuverlng the machine could
muster to beat down tbe sentiment
for amalgamation and t* dragoon
the delegates Into line.
Bam my Oompers considered the
situation serious enough to send
his hand-picked vice-chairman,
Mat hew Woll, to the soene to "save
the day." Woll told the eonvention
that the "eyes of the whole Labor
movement" was upon the convention, and hoped that they would
net allow themselves to be
Seek Release of Political
Prisoners in
. . •    V.8.'      .'
-NBW TORK.—New Tork ho*,
witnessed a parado which will be
historically significant. It had no
bands, this parade; no pomp and
panoply; no fever of hatred; no
delirium of glory, and for spectators only those who happened to
be passing.
It wfts the parade of the Children's Amnesty Crusade, stopping
here a few tired hours oa its way.
to Washington to aak President
Harding to epen the prison doors
to the men who believed the
framers of tbe Conititutlon meant
what they laid wben they wrote
into that document that freedom
ef apeech ahould not be abridged.
There were about SS, mothers
and children, most of them children, They were tired and weary
from their long Journey from St.
Louis. But they trudged; along
bravely. Some were too amall to
walk, and tbelr .mothen carried
them.    -
But for onoe the New Tork police, trained uow for several years
to club and kick their war through
any parade or street gathering
which Questioned the divine right
of. American government to be
Prussian, treated the marchers
with respect.
Later in the day the amnesty
crusaders were tak^n to a meeting
held under the auspices of the
Workers' Defense unton. One by
one they stood Up on the platform
as Mrs. Kate Bleharda O'Hare
presented them by name and told
the tragio stories of their luffer-
lngi since their breadwinner! had
been imprisoned.
Whep Mrs. O'Hare had finished,
Clare Sheridan, English aoulptress,
Elizabeth Curley Flynn, Mary
Heaton Tone, Crystal' Eastman,
Marlon Sproul, Matilda .Bobbins,
Bose Schneiderman and other*
spoke. There were great outbursts
of cheering when Mrs. Sheridan
declared the political prisoners
were the real heroes of the war.
But not all the little orusaders
heard the oheering. Some of them,
tired and exhausted, had gene to
sleep oh the platform.
They had been about ten daya
on their Journey to seek justice
for their fathers and husbands.
They stopped at Terre Haute, Ind.,
Cleveland, Cincinnati, Buffalo,
Bochester aaid Schenectady, at
each Of whicb places they were
cared for and cheered by friends
and sympathizers.
Here they were given every attention by workers' organisations,
and several hundred dollars were
contributed, mostly in silver and
small plecei, toward paying their
of Counter Revolu-
Ave Things of
the Past
OGDEN, Utah. — Unanimous
adoption of a resolution asking the
A. F. of L. to call a conference of
International unions to arrange
for amalgamation of all unlona ln
the respective industries into single organizations, each of which
shall cover an Industry, -featured
the regular meeting ot the Ogden
Trades and Labor assembly.
An Invitation to unaffiliated unions was extended, urging them to
■end fraternal representative! to
the trades assembly meetings.
NBW YORK.—The paper mill
strike, expected May 1 when the
old agreement expired and' the employers Insisted on a wage out, haa
been staved off by a continuance
of the old agreement for two
Weeks.        '  ,
MINNEAPOLIS.—-Local "palntera, through their union, ofpose
the Fordney tariff bill, claiming
the high tax en linseed oil will
benefit only the flax seed crushers
and make paint so high that It
will become a luxury.
the "tail end of the Trade Union
Educational League," at whose
door he laid the greatest share of
tbe blame. A." O. Wharton, president of the railway department,
and a member of the railroad Labor board, waa hooked in as a
pinch-hltter, and by a customary
parliamentary trick, wai enabled
to close the debate agalnit he amalgamator!. In spite of thl*, the
proposition received a strong rote.
-    Solidarity I* Keynote
Solidarity was the keynote
throughout the entire convention,
The adoption of a resolution proposing federation with the brotherhoods nut other Independent
unions served to accentuate the
general trend of the convention'.
The rebelliousness of the convention was acutely, portrayed when
the question of bringing back into
the organization of the Brotherhood' of Malntenance-of-Way Employees, an organization which had
been suspended, which automatically places it out of the railway-
department of the A. F. of L., was
brought up, Notwithstanding the
laws of the A. F. of L., the delegates voted In a majority to bring
this organization back Into the department, but by Jockeying the
thing around parllamentarlly so
that a two-thirds majority was required, the proposal was defeated.
It Is especially significant to note,
ln the face of the fact that practically all ot the .delegates were high
paid officials, the convention was
the most radical yet held by the
railway department of the A. F.
of h.
Amalgamation to Win
With the rank and die overwhelmingly for amalgamation, Jt li
safe to aay that before th* next
convention, Important developments will have taken place among
the railroad workers. A solid flank
will have been formed on the question of amalgamation ot railway
unions, and a united front presented. The International officials,
with the help of their lackeys, had
hard sledding and a mighty took to
defeat the proposition at thta convention. And tho - future looms
black to tbem. They will be unable to item the tide at th* next
convention, and the rank and flle
will win,
Amalgamation Is the great Issue
now before the railroad workers of
this country. And amalgamate
thev will.
Representative at Genoa
Confident of Final
By Louis P. Lochner
(European Director, The Fed-
orated Press)
Oesoa.—"The workers' and peei-
anti' government of the Ukraine is
now so firmly established that I
have n* fear ot a counter-revolution," aald Dr, Bakewsky, preeldent of the Ukrainian republic and
commissar for foreign affairs, in
an interview to the representative
of The Federated Press, "Such
counter-revolutionary band* its
tried to upset our regime - came
from Poland ahd from Rumania,
but Were chased back by the peasant! of tbe Ukraine."
Osyp Bezpalko, a member of
Gen. Tetlura's counter-revolutionary cabinet, had recently charged
that the Bolsheviki had completely loit the confidence of the peaa-
■ ants,a nd that sooner or later a
revolution to dethrone the dictatorship ef bolshevlat* was bound fo
Th* Soviet regime is oa deeply
rooted ln our nation Of 87,000,00*
inhabitants as it I* in Russia,"
continued Badowsky. "After/the
treaty of Brest-Litovsk, which
opened up the Ukraine to the German troops, our peasant! continued to resist the Germans until the
month of April. Then, when all of
Ukraine wu occupied by the Germans and the Austrlans, the peat-
ants organised, under the leadership ot the bolsheviks, revolutions
In thr governments or provinces of
Kleff, Poltava, Tchernlkoff, Ekaterinoslav and Chersov.
The regiment! formed at that
time, and which finally successfully
established Soviet rule In 1*11, are
the aame tha now form the backbone of the red army of the
Ukraine. Toward the cloee of 1818
and at the beginning of 188* the
peasants of the Ukraine took an
active port in putting out of business the regime! of Denikin and
of Petlura, and still later tbe In-
vasioni of the Poles."
To Bespalko's charge to the
effect, that the present government
of Ukraine il In reality a government of foreigners, most of whom
come from Bussia, Bakowsky replied; "It happens in my cue
that the charge il true. I wu born
of Bulgarian parent! in Rumania,
but freed from a Bumanlan prison,
where I wu Interned because of
my opposition to tha war, by a gar-
rlson of Russian soldiers. It
seems to me, however, thftt the
charge comes with somewhat pe.
cullar grace from Bezpalko, wbo
himself ls not only a Gallclftn and
not an Ukrainian, but who,. during the war, distinguished himself
by his loyal support of the Austrian
emperor, while I have been active
in the Socialist movement for over
80 years. Aa for the rest of the
government, lt Is almost entirely is
thi bandi of native Ukrainians.
"In weighing the charges about
'foreign' dictation of the government, you must take Into account
that from the point of view of the
counter - revolutionists -everybody
who ll not an Ukrainian nationalist, but an internationalist, Is a
What are the positive achievements of tlie Soviet regime ln the
Ukraine?" I uked Kakowsky.
"The positive results from the
viewpoint of the peasants and the
workers are that, thanks to the Soviets, the workera and peasant!
have been able to conserve the
fruits of the old Ootober revolution,
namely, the nationalization of the
soil, the nationalisation of the large
industries, and the principle of a
workers' and peuants' government.
"During the yeara 1*18, m»
and 1820, of course, all efforts
necessarily went Into defensive
warfare. It wu not until 1881
that the Soviet government could
devote itself to the tuk of reconstruction and organisation.
"Seven years of war and blockade, however, have impoverished
the land and the work of reconstruction proceeds slowly and amid
great difficulties. I feel confident,
however, that we shall emerge victorious.
If Europe and the United Statei
become conscious of tho fact that
without Tlussla and her allies they
cannot solve their own crises, and
Ncw League in India Is
Formed  to  Boycott
British Goqds
WASHINGTON.—Word has Just
beeu received by the American
Commission to Promote Self-government in India that the Jains,as
a community have formally adopted the first plank In the Ghandi
revolutionary platform—the wearing of only handapun, home-made
This sect, which numbers more
than 1,000,000, and Is composed
chiefly of professional men and
merchants and their families,
while not u a whole aligned ln
the Nationalist movement for independence, has, the American
Commission says, contributed
scores ot Its leading membera to,
the Nationalist cause,
"The action of the Jains," the
American Commission says in a
India," li one of the greateat blowe
statement band on Its reports from
yet dealt to British trade In India,
and consequently to a continuance
of British rule. Although limited
lit numben, thl Jalni, because of
their high cute, are among the
most influential communities ln
India. They oontrel a large proportion of thd commerce, especially ln the west and north 6f India, Thay are the firat religious
group which hu declared aa a
whole for the use of only khaddar,
or homespun cloth, and their example ls certain to have a tremendous effect on the other communities.
"The decision of tb* Jains was
made at a mass meeting ef their
leaden from all parte of India,
lit, Hoshiarpur. In addition t»
delegatea from the Brltlih province!, there were hundred! of dale-
gates from Blkaner ahd other of
the native itatei.
"All the sadhus, or priests, of
the sect who attended tha meeting
were clad in khaddar, aad tt was
agreed tbat In future only khaddar should be worn In th* temples
while performing pooja, or the
act of purification, and while laying morning and evening prayer*.
Persona not wearing khaddar are
to be denied the uae ot the tem-
Pise.   | «*
"It wu alao decided" to found a
Jain college, free from oontrol of
any government university or
agency, and private schools In all
their coramunltlei."
NEW TOBK.—The Joint subcommittee of anthracite operator!
and mlnen has resumed iti ses-
alone here, but hu made no progress other than discussing the 18
demands of tho miners, which include a 20 per cent wage advance
for mlnen and a fl a day pay
raise for oommon Ubor. The
opinion le general here that tho
operator!' representative! are
marking time in order to act in
co-operation with soft coal operators. ~
Patronise Fed Advertise™.
if they come to our aid, we ahall
gain our goal more quickly; but if
they continue to boycott ue we
shall get there nevertheless, though-
more slowly."
The Ukrainian point of view at
the Genoa conference, according to
Bakowaky, coincides exactly with
that ot the Bueslan delegation. In
fact, Bakowsky and hi! countrymen are here as a part of the
Bussian delegation, which votes u
■ unit on all questions.
Hydro Therapy
WIU make you welt again
Dr. W.Lee Holder
74 Fairfield Bldg.
Sey. SSSS     Vancouver, B.O.
Mon., Wed., Friday 1-8
Tues., Thurs., Saturday....!-!!
Blag a*
Suit* SOI Dominion BulMb*
Cigar Store
let* GBAHVXUiB Iw. in*
O. J. Mengel
Wrhee aQ cbusea -of laiar .
bad*. Bepreaenting only tat-
olui Board eompanlea It ia-
Rtranee I* wanted, writ* er
phone Sey. 881*.
Oflleo address, 111 Bout at
Trade Bldg, Vancouver, att
The Psychology
of Marxian
(By H. Rahim)
A work tbat all student!
ahould read. Can be obtained
from the
B. 0. redmtionist, Ltd.
Prices   Reduced—I*   Copies
for 11.SO; Single Oopte*. Mo
lie* QeeuH Mfi*-
Su*_r unuu. it s->. ul mo ml
iod»y   et.nl   m__KU_t4ty   UBeSSm
•it.1.1 uniu.    WMnar MMMd
sssa i-njr
Ia that dark hour whea sympathy and beet nrvlce eouat a*
much—call up
Phoa* Fairmont H
Prompt Ambulance Servlc*
"A Good Plaoe to fiat"
What Your Dollars Wont Do!
They wont tell you where to get
the Best Values-Thii Ad. Will!
Headlight Overalls, the beat
that are made, now down ta,
« Pair ~ 81.SO
H. B. K. Working Oloves of
best horsehide; pair ....fl.M
H. B. K. Pigskin and No. 1
Horfflhlde Oloves, with baek
■earns or plain welts; per
pair $1.00
A .special line ot shirts In
Black and Khaki; made
large enough for anyone!
14 1-2 to 18...41.00 to IS.0*
Men'i Military any Shirt*
for — 81.K)
Balbriggan Underwear; par
tntt *1._*
otanneld'i Underwear, In light
weight, comblnatlona or
otherwise; suit *»-»♦ up
Men's   Bibbed   Combination*;
-    apeclal  ,»_.50
Dayfoot's Canadian Kip Log-
glng Boots; outside counter,
8-inch top  .....17.0*
Police Bluchers; box calf,
leather lined, double sole;
pair ...; 88.00
Men's Medera Calf Boots; all
styles, blook or brown; per
pair  *».oo
Dr. Beed'* Cushion Sole Boot!
for comfort.
W. B. Brummitt
18 and 20 Cordova Street West
and 444 Main Street
STATISTIC* nnntlr Maalbd
■bow thu Brltlih Cohuakla bos
men MipkonH to nmlailw
mu anj- other province of Cauda.
It I. to mtlalaia this rnvlaU. run*
that eiteulona of ontnld. phot sa*
control oUn eqaipawnt an oMstaally
boi-a mado, Md this yoar Ian. et-
p-ndllu-M an planned. ruOithe
for adequato lalaphulsg on alwon
sort up to lop notch, with _u n-
nlt that onr wholo _yit«m la ia u-
client condition, and wo an lo o
poiition nl all Unioa to anilply eanlet
when the request la mado.
sad Koa-aloohoUo wince at aB
International Looal 844 is
holding its meetings on
the 2nd and i_ Tuesdays
of cash month it 8 pm,
819 Ponder 8t. W.
(By —te indented Preu).
BERLIN.—Because ot
riling ooal prices and other mater,
loll, aa well as wago*, freight ratea
on the Oerman rallwaya were
raised 40 per oent, April 1, Poi-
sengor ratos wer* not affected.
Patronise IVK   advertliefi, DAT-
-May* UM
Nerve Blocking
Eliminates Pain
SEE MB—Modern Bdence has dea* Won.
den I* making dental wark eaay. I'or
yiara I have studied this question—one
of th* greatest bugaboo* connected with
dentistry—aomethlng that keeps more
people frota visiting a dentist thaa uy
other cause.
I use th* meet approved mithodi ia every
phoie of my work—methods whicb t know
wui sotmy.  .;•;;   s.
Don't put lt oft  Phona m* today—Sey. ttti
—tor an appointment
OBce open Tuesday and Friday evenings.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Dental Specialist
Bank of Kova Sootia Bldg.      602 Hastings Street West
Corner Seymour
    _ , _i lie  ranlty «_ tb.
Collet, of Dentletry, Uotvinlly «i Sutton OalUemte, Leet.nr M
Orown oo* Brldmnrk, DeaonatnUr io FlotMmk aai Opantin
Dentletiy, lAeal ud Qen.nl AnaMthttile.  ^^
DR. BRUT __JD___-OH, lonnorly
- -   - •      -™ .nit,, .{
Vancouver Unions
eil—lleete   eecond    Hnoloy   ia   It*
month.    Pnaldent, J, B. White! army. B. B. _tee1__*e.T. O. Bu M.
need briokloyns u nuou for belief
worki,   IK   It norm.  ..Hen,   phene
BrlohUyen' Union. Labor Teen.1..
SER .10*    mu   moot,    aecond-  u*
fonrth Wedneadaya of eaeh month, at II
' Cordova SI. W., .1 • p.m.
K 8eeret-_y.TnM_rar.
A. J. TrniuH
0. B  U—Pneldeu. H. Oreod: ua*
ry, C 0. lfil-ir._le.to tnd and 4th
■    tor la oltb aunt* ba Fe*d_r Hall
of Pender  ead  How.   Streets.
■tory, _. _
i Wed.ee..'
__te Sermonr 8*1;
' Aieul.llu.   Loul. 10-W—0«e. oo.
, hill ut (Srdon (a W.   lleeta tret
ud iblrd   man.   0  tm.   eeveuir-
, treaeurer, T. Mien; buloeu atent, P.
I g,   ._._
UNION    Of    CANADA—An    f
I Moi   anlno   ol oil   workere   In   	
- lint u* coutracUu umpe. Cut Dia*
i ttlet and Oeneral Budaurtan, tl Oer-
, doe. St. W-. TuNour, B. C. Ft... Sey.
' TIM. J. It. Clarke, (Hunt iooetoty
. treunrer; legol adrieere, Meun. Bhe,
llnedonnld * Co, Vucuter. B. Oj .-*!•
ton,  Ueaera. Bottor * CMena, Te	
' ver. B. 0.
B. C—Formerly Flremu .a* Ollen'
Cnlon of Brltlak 0.1nmbl_—Moetbt
night. Snt 00* third Wedneoder of euh
month .1 10* Boia Strut. FrealdoOt,
i A. WUllaiui vto-piuliut, B. Morn*;
aecr-tary-ttuauer W. D-naldaon. Ad.
dreie, 10* Mala Strut Toneuver, B. 0.
Victoria Bnnek igut*l addreee, W.
Franola, SIT Jnhuoa St., Vletorl-, B. 0.
cnt-e,-, __, tfo.uega a,,, ti.w.m, _,. v.
- raton and Fuerouten of America,
Loul 188, voowovu—Boots tod IH
41b Thnnd.gr. oi MS Oordort St. W.
Phon. Say. Mil. Bub-en .not, B. A.
o. a. u. unit n&B muvEB*. woo*
. .0 ■rldt.suo, Derrlckmu ud RlHon
) at Vucootw ao* vMollr.   MM. nai
. lUmfM'*J *-*".______.,V t ■* J"
.■Puder St. W.   Pmldent,   W.
i Snuoinl auntoiy ud ___t.au i
I Andenon.    Phoae Seyanr 111
tTKEBT   AND   t-mSB   B*_AT-
let and Ir* Her <an*tt to7l'. n. ud '
pjn. Pneldut, P. A. Bum. 140* Gierke
Drlfoj nwrdlni-leenia-r, P. B. QriBn.
447—Ith Avoon. But; treunrer, B. 8.
CleeeUnd; lnueUl.uoret.-r ut but-
nen atent, W. B. Ooll-.ll, 4801 Dnm-
frlel Strut; ode. corner Prior aa* Mala
BU.  Phone F_lr 880-8-
, Amerlc Local No. lit—llMtlnn Md
j Int Monday lo e.eh month, I pjn. Pm-
. Ment, A. It Ootuby; vlee-preeldeot, D.
, Lowion; noordln* eeentary, 0. McDonald, P. O. Bos 808; flnuclnl aeon.
, T. Templetan, P. 0. Bin 80S.
I tB_i   NEW   W_»T_II__TER   t-ttA_«___
ol tk. 0. B. U.
I Wedneediy of .very
r welcome.
 on th. third
- month.    Evovjudy
VER—Mut .rery Monday nlthl ot •
I .'clock at 11* Pender St. W-, Boon 8.
I Secretary, Mn. Barrio '
Provincial Unions
t—BOtS   ROP-RT   OBNTRAt, Ikbfsk
ConneU, O. B. U.    Branchei: Prioe.
Rnpert Dlitrlet Fiihirleo Boor*, O.B.tJ.1
I Neulllferou   Mlnen'   Dletriet Board.
f O.B.U.    Burury-treomnr,  F, 0. Bu
I PIT   - rlneo Rnperi-
What   about   your   neighbor'*
I subscription? s
[The Oliver Rooms
Ever} tiling Modem
Bates Reasoaabls
Soutb Vancouver Toapf People
,   Organiie
A meeting wos held oa Monday
hurt ln South Vancouver, with th*
view to organising young people.
A committee of four waa appointed
to draft a conititutlon aad bylaws
of tbe new organisation, which li to
be known a* "South Vanoouver Labor League," and they will preaent
urn* to a meeting to be held tonight (Friday), at 88*1 Chester
It li Intended the new organisation will take up atl matter! bf Interest to the younger members of
the working close. A eeriee of lectures and debate! tor th* Mason
will be arranged iu tha course of
the next few weeks.
Anyone between tbe agee of 15
and 18, wba la Interested In the Labor movement, Is cordially Invited
to join tha new organisation, which
will Oil o long-needed woat In South
Vancouver, which is manually a
working claia district. The dues
are auch aa to permit anyone Joining, and in a .very ihort time the
young people should havo a very
•trong organization.
Keep a lookout for notes in this
paper respecting future meetings
and activities of th* organisation,
DETROIT. — Th* Detroit *
Cleveland Navigation Co., the
largest American passenger line on
the Oreat Lakes, hoi reached an
agreement with striking sailors,
which provides tor a maintenance
of the three-watch lystem, or
eight-hour day, and a reduction
ot 15 per cent. In wagei.
The farmer wage scale woo 810*
a month. The operator* wanted
only tw* watches, or a 18-hour
Where I* the Cnlon Button?
often oanses the spine to
become deranged
seientiflcally relieves the
nerve strain and a onre is
James Bryson
B. 0., s*i. D.
Broadway and Mam
Open every evening fer the
convenience of worken.
"     Phone Fair..aw
IM Twuly run we tan Int.* MU Vfaa Skew fsr an note ou
rueful Collect*.. Bonalalis
FfftM. Both SUttM u4 Loo-oel.   -
pupate. MUM by Ar-ttrsttn
1Mb Bmiloynul and Skilled Workmioil'n
mar* DOlnrlu te DeiKri an* rattle
Funon* Soeeua to Women aa* Bmnloyu.
rree.orlt. af SkM Making OuunatflM
Ao loyal uUa wa oo* woman, wo oak
no to -.mud stsu bulla*  Me  aben
Valu Itamp oo Ot	
Ooltti tewly, g_n.nl Pwajdaat    Ourlu *_. Batu, *w.nl Soq-Tnaa.
neth Out nowan, runerol Serifs*, W-ddOf Botwueti, Pot Plant*
Onuuntuttl ind aad* Xmoo, ■Mdt, Bait*, PlorUt*' HaMM
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hutlngi itre-t BMt 78S ChMVlll* Stmt
Seymour SH-tTI deymotir MU
The 1 M.T. 1 Loggers' Boot
HaU M*an _euu_Hy aWnta* to
Guaranteed to Hold Oaalke and Al* Iboroughly Vfatertlghl
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Suooonon to B. VOB * BOM
Next Boer te Loggen' Hall
Phone Beymour SS* -tepalrn Done While You Wall
Lumber WHrk&re*
News and Viewe
memberi ot tba Lumber Worken
Union, and th* ataounta donated by
to th* Houon Define. Fund
at Prince Oeorfe:
Cimp • a* Tank, a 0.
Albert Baatlund
H*ary Alsnn
Harold Bdskrud
Olibort Lanes
Peter Petereos
Slgrud Brun ...
t. Byerson .....
Oamp IT at Yahk
Erik K. E-tekson  .. s
Charlie Hanson
The following to a list at tbefgera* AaWMattM Witb tkMr M*t_b*
- ■ — - liatlbf, Mob-hlrtn* e*_M»ymu_t
ogeooy. It wu men IH* thta* Vbe
own the belM* Company, »b* W*t»
r.sp*n*IM* tee blackl-oUag half tk*
experliated loggen ea tta _oM*e
and choHat th«n out at tbe •*!_*•
try by «tarvatt*n. while at tb*
earn* time tbey'war* fctttaf "bar
load*" of mea ia tb* But and
brlnglag them hire in a* effort to
break tbe Lua»b*r vrorkara-
Union. Certain m*« very wen
known to the head* ef th* Dollar
Company have dull* a nputatlon
in other.parti of th* oountry
"anlim baiters."
Dollaf and Ml Ilk hav* sown the
wind, and now they con reap tk*
whirlwind In the (bape at
creased pronto becauae ot lbe look
of experienced -men te de tHM*
work fer. them. Tb* experience*
men, vital to the pronto of the lumber barons, are the only ones there
Is any shortage of, in spite of what
the (bin may report Wm. Dollar aa
saying to tbe contrary. It ii now
up t* th* experienced men who are
still .'left here to organise themselvea solidly and sell themsolvei
as dearly oa pouible, ilnce aek
thcmaelvea tbey mua*.
Jonaa Bergquiit _...
Total .. ,. „
Staple!'Oamp at WycllCh
A lumber jack ...-..-......—i .50
J. Btotono ...„   • .6*
B. Kuntson L__       '    ,8*
B. C.Jumber Jack ........— l.t*
■NT.    „■■- LOT
1. Southerland - .; t.»*
Lumber Jack ___.. „..._«.   .1*
Lumber Jack  ,.,., ,.„   .so
»ital „,.	
0. K. P. Oamp •
Fred Johnson .
Alex. Longridgo
0. Hanoon
A Mend
A friend
Paul Gleveoi
The Vancouver Sun for Hay t
oontalna a new* Item to tba affect
that William Dollor, head of the
logging department of the Canadian Bobert Dollar Company," bad
atated that 85* men were wanted
to work In the Coaat logging eompa
at wagea from 81 to 87 per day.
One wonden what tbe Bobert
Dollar Company Jayi their uction
men; and the men on the grade.
How about the 82.80 per day then
men get? Perhaps they are "full-
handed" with theae men. After
them meh pay 81.20 per day for
board, besldeo transportation,
clothes, shoes, etc., the "comfortablo" balance whloh Dollar men-
Mono WUl only bo "comfortable" ln
one way; It will be easy and "com*-
fortable" to carry.
There Ib no scarcity of men willing to go to the catnpst although
then may br a scarcity ot experienced loggers, thanks to the
efforts of men like the owner* of
the Dollar Company, and tho Log-
Week-End Specials
On sale—Slater's Famous Pork
Shoulders, 1fii#»
pound       JLOzC
They only weigh from
4 to 8 lbs.
from, lb, ............
Quality Oven Roosts, trom, per.
lb /. lifto
Quality Pot Boasts, from, per
lh loa
Quality   Rolled   Roosts,   from,
per lb.  _ *oe
Quality Boiling Beef, from, per
lb .- lu
Quality Bonelen Stew Beef,   1
lba, for  - ...SSo
Shoulders of Prime Lamb, per
lb _ .uvio
Lelns of Prime Lamb, Ib. ..SS*
Prime Lamb Stew, per Ib. ..IBe
We hare a consignment of
Mild Alberta Cheese, weighing from i_ to 5 lbs. each,
which we an putting on sale
on Friday and Saturday.
Rogular SOc lb. Halt or
whole; special,
Slater's Famous Boneless
Smoked Roll Bacon; regular 100
lb.    Special, 9B1-
Pound  etnUtC
Slater's     Feameal     Roiled
Baoon, 8 lbs.
Slater's Sugar   Cured   Smoked
Picnic Hams; excellent for boiling; weighing trom   nn *
5 to 8 lbi.   Lb  <__<_> 2 C
Slater's     famous     streaky
Bacon, half or      nt* 1
whole slab, .per lb.O___tC
We expect a consignment of
fruh made Alberta Butter. If lt
arrives In time for Saturday*!
trade we will loll lt AC*,
ut, per lb.          **irDC
Fineat 60-80 Prunea. 2 lbi...SSo
Flneet Cooking Figs, lb. ...Jto
Finest Dried Apricots, lb.....4*o
Finest Dried Peochu, lb. _J5e
Alberta Fruh Bggi,
2 doaen for .—.
Free Delivery a* All Our Stores
WS Hastlngi gt. E. Sey. MM
SSO Oranvllle Si.  .Sey. MS
SSSO Main St...     '
11*1 GranvUle St.
...Fotr. MIS
. Sey. •!_»
In th* early port of tbe year a
crow of men were shipped to Bernard'! camp at Orford" Bay, but
upon their arrival lu eamp thay
discovered that ther* wu no much
snow on the ground that they were
unable to work. Th* men waited
In camp for about a month; ond
aa tbe weather had not changed
they demanded that th* copipony
either give them free board for the
time they had been waiting or el*»
give them a pan baok to. town.
They got tho pass baok to town,
Thia Incident wa! reported in tbe
Fed. at: the time, but the other day
we got the sequel of this event
One of the men who bad left Bernard'! camp went to worb for another company, which, Ilk*' Bernard'* is a member of the Log-
sera' Association. After this man
hod been In camp for about three
wecko be was presented with a bill
for 8*0, being the amount, so it
was claimed, that ha owed Bernard
for board, transportation, etc. Tb*
timekeeper in the oamp, faithful
henchman to a parasitic master,
inveigled the man Into signing an
order for 815, to be deducted from
that month's pay. That 815 waa
all the money the man had coming
at that time.
Any ot the men who left that
camp are warned, net to sign any
agreement allowing th* company
to deduct from their wages this
bill, which it Is claimed they owe
Bernard. The most that cap be
garnlsheed ls anything that may be
over 860 per month,,and It ls a!
matter of doubt- If they could garnishee at all ln this oase. At any)
rate.do not sign any dooument! oil
any kind before oomultlng union,
Cm Mr VM__m_bfed
th* -.adlUftla at that tttn*. and
tkat at OU tlto* lb* W*rk.n Mult
wtlh ta* t**t* at br_*d.
Baker's Camp, Waldo
This camp In the post has been
called on. of the beat In the Cranbrook District, but to my way ot
thinking lt Is one ot the wont
Not one of the eight bunkhouses
comply with the health . regulations. No dry-house, and all.the
old clothes are hanging on racks In
the bunkhouse; no batltliou...
bunkhouses nvo* overcrowded, some
top bunks are still being used.
Blankets ore furnished but never
washed, and when you go to the
olllce to get them you get company
as well as blankets. Toilet facilities are bad, creating a bad odor
around the camp, and on the rood
going to the camp the winter'!
dumping of tin cans and other rubbish Is lying there, cauolng a fearful smell. Some- union men ln
camp, but the "blook" variety ls la
the majority.   Tho "chuck" la fair.
Now, fellow workers, for the
goo^ of yourselves, wake up and
try to romedy some of these
camps. Don't be afraid of the
bosa, and get tho Idea of making,
a stake for the "rum peddlers" out
of your head. Let us start that
drive for a 100 per cent, district.
-Let ua get that eight-hour day. and
better eamp conditions. * Life will
be more pleasant when we got good
cnmp conditions. What is the
difference If you are all out on
strike for better conditions, or you
are on the tramp looking for a
Job In some rotten camp where
you can't stay when you do flnd
a master.
Row Saskatoon Camp, Waldo, B.O.
This camp is beyond dencrlption.
It is an old camp that has been
moved at least five times, and now
you could htrow a cot through tb*
cracke almost anywhere. The enw
are mostly "scl__orbllt" and an
very hard to talk to. They an
looking for a Moses to come and
throw a halter on them and lead
them Into the light. Soma of;
thns. days you fellow workeri will
have to make a choice, and thenj
you will be at a loai what to do.,
Let ui get to work and devote some,
of our time to organlutlon, and Me
that the man alongside you ls carrying a paid-up card ih tho Lumber
Workers Unton of Canada.
Cranbrook Ofllce
Now that th* convention I*
over and tbe btg drive li on let ue*
all get lo work and help. Do not
moke the ofllce try to do all the
organising. There are lome camp*
ln thia dlatrlct when our mail Is
being sabotaged, and tbe pool*!1
authorities have been notified. If
they do not do anything then we'
are at a Iom to know who to apply
(By Tbe Federated Pn**).
MOSCOW,—Figurea oa to tho
extent of famine relief contributed
by the aoviet government ahow
that 117,000,000 gold rublee have
been spent ln relieving hunger lu
the Volga region. Thla does not
Include speolal benefit, to children, Invalid! and lick. A good
port of this money came in tbe
form of collection* taken for tb*
Buffer.-.. Another portion earn*
through the aelzure of churob
Fifteen troinloodi of food bar*
arrived from America and are being rapidly distributed. In order
further to raise funds for the relief
of hunger, art exhibitions by Russian molten are being arranged
tn- In tnralttn (innntHo..
,_,!}-tsrrlng to tb* pesWoa •( thi
awrrlei UM Who bad bea cut off
tram r.llef, ke Hated tbat the r;
•ponilblllty nated ta. tha Federal
and Provlnolal gov*fam*nti. and
he acored tk* Provincial administration tor aat continuing the re-
S-.tmea.ut-a 8* Hate* tbat the
dueation wa* not on* ot changing
the: syatem, but a concrete an*, and
tbat woo, "When an* bow da we
•et," and that the worken must
de*J wltb thing* oa they ore, and
closed by Urging tbe Worken to
org*n__* MdUltmily and poUtloaW
Mra Lsrrlmer, repreatatlng the
unemployed women, WM tb* next
apeaker. She pointed out that
while It wu found that th. government had no money far th* relief
ofthe unemployed, yet over a million dollar, oould a* found for tke
mllltla. She aald that money oould
also be providod tor mar memorials,
but claimed that hen wer* plenty
af luch memorials which were .represented by the oyerflllad hoapl-
Jala cemeteries and the oxtended
bread llnu.
"Drootlc Action"
Pointing oilt that unemployment
wai the r.Kilt of the preient ays-
tem of society, she urged the work:
ere to uu that imall part ot their
heads above the eyebrow* and lf
they did that it would be "vury
drastic action." Scoring the church
the apeaker pointed out that if they
believed tbe slogan, "Feed my
lamb_," the. olergy would hove been
til attendance.. She closed by ap
Malt ng to the worken to organize
on _lae_ lines,
The chairman, at this point, called for a collection, for the purpose
ttt raising many for -the' carrying
on of the organisation of the unemployed workors on tbe unemployed queatlon.
- After the collection woo taken,
J. Kavanagh, of the Worken Party
of Canada. - Was called -upon to
speak. In opening, he asked where
thi thouund! of trade unionists in
the elty," also the many unorganised
Unemployed workers were, and
what these worken had aald on the
question of the unemployment pre
"Uhe__iMoyment Affects Employed
* Pointing out that tbe workera
»nly got In accordance t* their
powers of resistance, he demon
atratod 'that' the employed workera
-were affectedly the army of iTn-
employed. He aald "you worker,
who have bean working, have taken no -notice of the unemployment
surrounding you, but your wagea
havo been reduced, and that lt waa
because of the unemployed available tbot the employera were able
*»- reduce the worken' standard ot
living." Continuing, ha pointed out
that talking would not lilt an empty
•tomoch, and cloud hli addreu by
calling on the unemployed to make,
themsetvee a nuisance, by nf using
to sond their children te school,
and to take thetr wlvea and children to the municipal and council
chamber! and demonstrate tbelr
misery. He urged the workera to
say/ to Ottawa: "If you cannot feed
us, then we will have to take measures to feed ourselves."
Comrade Crawford, of the O. A
U. V. wao the nexftpeaker. He
pointed out that It was a serious
question when the worken who
had children clamoring for food,
were told thot here wao to be no
more relief. In the coune of hli
remarks, the speaker urged a back
to the land policy, which woo
greeted by protests from many
parts of the grounds by those who
had evidontly had some experience
on the land.
W. MoQuold, of the Socialist
Party of Canada, was thn next
speaker. He aaked, ls this unemployed question one which has existed at all times or Is It something new? He answered his question by pointing out that the unemployed problem grew ao capitalism grew, until It had become i
permanency, and that lt wao Impossiblo for ths workers to get oc-
oeu to the land and tools of production, owing to the clau ownership of the resources ond the toola
ot production. He pointed out that
there wao nothing lacking, the resources were there and the tools
were ln existence, but owing to the
class ownership, the workers were
compelled to starve. He closed by
calling on the workera to solve their
own problem.
Uow Do Wo. Get This Way?
Alderman B. P. Pettlplece, repreeentlng the Federated Labor Party,
was the last speaker. He opened
by stating that it would tako a lot
of talk to make a meal, and that all
that could be done was to ask "how
do we get this way?" and then to
dnd the aniwer, and how the work-
era are to get out of it. He pointed
out that there waa lota of everything in BrltlBh Columbia, but that
the unemployed were propertyleu.
Impossible and a nuisance to the
" He atated that the workera produced all the wealth, but that when
the whistle blew, they left lt all behind for their master* and urged
ths workera to make themselves a
nuisance to the authorities for the
old slogan, "tho wheel that doei
the squeaking gets the grease,
still stands good.
The following resolution woe
then presented to the 'meeting: >
"Resolved, that thla man meat.
Ing of employed and unemployed
worken of Vancouvtr and dlstriot
go on record a_ fully supporting
the unemployed conference for Immediate assistance by tbe Provincial governmont for unemployed
relief, and also in the demand for
the Dominion government to take
complete control of the unemployed
relief situation."
The r.tolutlon was poind practically unanimously, two or three
protesting that there had been already too many resolution*
Thouund* of worken In Oreat
Britain celebrated Hay day. by
collecting toola for Bo.l.t Buulo.
Workeri paraded In thilr working
olothei and Mrrled th* tool, th.y
w.n donating, aad tbe tool* at
th* clou of tb* demonotratlon
were osltooted and acoaand fer
export to Buuia.
(Continued from page 1)
■Alio the smaller paper* one after
obotk.r, hare been forced to the
woU. The moot reoent taMtHp-
tlod price lists ahow tbat 1*8 a****
papen, thus far regularly Hitaa,
aTe discontinued.
So eeriouB haa tbe iltuotlon be-
CMe tbat on extraordinary eon-
greti of newipaper mtbllshen Was
held at Weimar la starch. Than
wen 1,827 pub-UlM* pneent ar
npreunted. They (ttUed attention
to the fact that moit newipaper.
oaa no longer afford to have for-
eigb correspondent!! that cheap
bailer plate material ia flooding
taa market and la being uaed ex-
Mnttvely by th* entailer paper*
«/hieh formerly pridld fhenwelvea
oh their IndependeMe; that Oer-
Slab thought and 0*rman culture
1* thereby becoming btte-slded; ond
tbat there la grave danger of the
centralisation of th* whole newo-
peper industry ln tb. hands of a
Among their demands, oo fin-'
ally formulated, are: (1) Some
aort of rationing if*t*m by the
gowrnment by whieh en— paper
will get its necessary supply at
prlcee to be fixed by th* ge«*rk<
mebt; (8} an embargo on tk* exportation bf paper •* leng ** bom*
demands are not uttsflod; (I) !*•
lief from the special tax** M advertisement* etc., n*w levied ups*
the newspaper*
While publishera «t tk* most dl'
me political tendenclea united
ln theu demand* the Stlnne* con
trolled and owned pras* did not
maintain solidarity with the net
Conscious of iti tremendous advantage In controlling coal, wood. t_.
ohlnery and other neceMltteo of th*
prlntero' trade, the Stlnnea treat
would tar prfer ts aee it. competitors In the Journallatle field gradually forced Into iuch financial
itralto that Stlnnea ean abaorb aad
buy tbem.
ahould Stlnnea* policy, b. auc-
ceaaful and ha be In * position,
through nil control ef th. raw
material* to fore* printing coet*
up to a point when only hli owa
organs can afford the prlc* the
working clasa prase will naturally
be in grave danger. For, even
though the workera are going to
submit to a new rise in the price
ot their organ*, beginning April 1,
yet they may run against technical
difficult!!! which even the higher
selling price of the paper may not
overcome. These difficultly may
well oome ln the way of sabotage
of'the Stlnnes concerns ln tho filling of orders or even lh their refusing entlroly to aell a paper of
whou political tendencM they do
not approve.
- An illuminating Incident ee-
curred at the Weimar oonferene*
to ahow the dilemma in which,
bou-owned papen find themoolveo
at thii Juncture. An enthusiastic
orator from the Erzgeblrge, himself the publisher of a Uttle two-
by-four organ, went Into a long
tirade against tho paper manufacturer, and the government fer tolerating iuch outraging profiteering by theae manufacturer* He
wound up by luggeittng that thl
publisher, call upon the worken
to strike agalmt these paper
There,waa wild applause at thli
auggeetlon from eeurcei which thu.
far had alwaya been the tint to
condemn atrlke* ot every aort.
The noxt moment, however, a winner, got up and aaked: "H wo
urge the worken to bring the
paper manufaoturora to term*
who will guarantee ui that thay
will atop theri," Thli acted like
a cold water douche and iubn-
quent speaker, made haste to emphasise that "law and order" muet
Prevail throughout their efforts to
gain relief from the preaent la-
tolerable situation.
Atrtrtli-nn few* dMMM
8-ineh  "
lO-ineh "   .
Not a boot made to meet a prie* but * good waterproof, long-
wearing hand-made boot. Two fall ulM, ipedoinhonk ud
hetl. and reinforced counter.  SoM leather.   Bend for catalogue.
Vancouver, B. C.
Unemployed Parwfc
Thdr Misery in Down
Town Section of City
(Continued from pad* I)
Henry Sara
to Speak Here
(Continued from page 1)
her* in Brooklyn, New Tork, tho
audience ohose spontaneously to
give htm a rising vote of thank*
Sara began hla activities in the
Labor movement in 1007, playing
an aotlve part ln the trade union
development connected wltb th.
nduotrlal League and Its organ Tha
Industrialists. During the yean
from 1*01 to 1*11, he woo oosoclo-
ted with the Herald of Revolt from
Kit to 1*14, and with the Spur
from 1814 to 1818.
He waa Implacable hater sf the
world war, the matter of hlo opposition being eeveral times raised on
the floor of parliament. The London Dally Herald, ln commenting
on the Bubject, was compelled to
aay: "Sara is ons of the slncerut
anti-mllltarlst! In tbe land."
After the war be toured England
and Scotland continuously, and was
also the "Plebs" lecturer on economics and Induatrlal history In
Henry Sara baa spent a long period In Ruuia, and also through the
Russian trade delegation ln England, has become thoroughly familiar with the demands and concision, of the Russian government.
He knows aa well aa any man outalde of Ruaela what demand, the
Sovleto will make npon the Allied
powen and why, and he alao knowa
what conceulona they are willing
to make and why tbey will make
Comrade Sara will give aa addreaa In the city and alao a fllm lecture. In the lecture he will give
actual deplctloni of tho suffering
In tbe famine region. Watch for
th* advertisement! as arrangements
hav. not bun completed, so that
full announcements could be mode
te thie luue of The Federatteaiat.
Ths flrat meeting will be held In tbe
Columbia theatre, on Sunday, Hay
H. at 8 p.m.
A. A. Stenhouse
Watch Repairs
Jewelry Repairs
,     Tor -tollable Work ssd
-*r___o That Are Right
317 Cordova St W.
Foot of Honor Street
Tour health depaiid* upon th* condition at your spine. 1
Chirojraetie removes tha oause of tha pressure.
Nature euros.
Dr. D. W. Campbell, B. A.
*M DOMINION BANK. BUM.        .      Say. 1**6, Bay. 41*11..
Open Monday, Wedneiday aad Friday evening*
No charge tor con.ult.tlon.
Vuconver Workers Protective
Meetinga Held Thnadays, at 8 p.m.
61 Cordova Street Weat
pony wa* not reaponalble fsr the
statement In the preee, and a* mea
were assdsd. Thus another storr
ot Idle Jobs lying around with ns
sne ts tabs them, wa* effectively
Ths Vancouver Trade* and Labor Council commutes will tl
the mattsr up wltb ths elvtc and
Provlnolal authorities, aad wlU ales
Investigate the itorlis wblch
hays been circulated In tbe
city, with reop.ct to tbe alleged
threat sa tbe pert of tbe unemployed.
At a masting sf women, bold sa
Wednesday afternoon, It was learn,
ed that tbere were numben without food, when the queatton, If there
ore any without food In their homes
will th.y stand up? wa. aaked.
Several stood up, and one woman
otated that ahe had uven children,
and all ahe had to give them ws*
dried sate. Another woman atated
that her Infant child was In need
of milk. At the conclusion of ths
meeting. It wao decided that tha
women ihould Interview Belief Of-
fleer Ireland, and they stayed outside that official's ofllee until otter
8.80 p.m., when the police arrived.
Ou Thuraday another meeting was
held tn the Loggen hall, when a
report of ttae visit to Ireland's offlce was made. After a motion ts
again adjourn to Inland's offloa
was carried, the meeting broke up.
ot The
eaa wader ralaabls i«**l
tbelr sabecrlp.
effort to do thta.   Try tt.
MINNEAPOLIS. —Workera la
this city obssrved Hay day witb
a parade Sunday, and by working
Monday, May 1, and donating tbs
wagea earned that day to Ruuian
famine relief and tbe West Virginia miners.
Book Shop
Oer. fl mail end
-   "       », a. oi
Moll ordera given prempt
ataaaa abb aooxamma*
Oolu oa.Ua writ. ta. vrisaa.   W.
iiv. maraoTlci*.
W* mak* Mi**' Oar-Brats
Sight Han in Vaneonver
-tlie equal In atyle and Maart-
new of sny offered ts Caaoada.
■>a*M  aamma .
far yur His***.
____"_____* nnuet" Vme I
Cloak * Wt Oo,
j"; after
_ AT TUB ABOVE ADDRESS ■ rwB^tt-A* ^r imaam^
Here's a Suit
that will serve you well
an entire season
. B.C,
lead measurements
sad simple description
with pries marked
bn*. All orders guaranteed.
Imported worsted ia the material in thia
group of 260 men's and young men's suits.
Splendidly hand-tailored and finished in
both the ultra-smart and conservative
styles. The colors are brown, green, grey,
fancy checks and stripes; also new cobra
and patterns. These suits were made tasell
for $35.
Women Decide to
Take Action
Permit Is Given by Commissioner to Collect food
,        fW Children
Vancouver slty 1* not ths snly
Viae* what, uaemployed relief 1*
a thing tit tke past. Burnaby has
adopted -bailor tactic and South
Vanoouv.r wsrkleu ara ln dire
diatrew. Hst snly havs ths unemployed beta eut off from relief, but
. tbe regular employees sf the municipality hava been.divorced trom
tbelr Jobs, tt bain* decided ts stop
all outiide work, and those who
kad bsen wsrklng wsre snly pold
H. Walton
jMOI-Hit lo   Heetrieal   TnatauaM,
VWel Iw u* Bl|b greanener for
Ueoaallaln. Soleilee. UaW|o. Tar-
ul  Sealp  T-iatmnti,
810-811 OAMUOOHOH 1LM.
Wheel Seyaenr MM
IW lutlaie Itreet Weet
B.lp tbe Fed.
by helping our
pert sf their wages for tbe month
of April. .
" Faced with starvation In South
Vanoouver—not In Soviet Ruuia—
the women deolded that lt waa time
ts take action. ..They Interviewed
Commiuioner Gray, and foiling to
secure relief from him, they obtained s permit to aollclt food, clothing and other necessities. This
has crsated a turmoil ln the mlnda
of the petty bourgeoia. Some
storekeepers claim that they have
been Intimidated. The commissioner, on hearing thoss rumors,
mst ths women again, and asked
If there wai any. truth In the allegations that storekeeper* had
been Intimidated, and after hearing thetr reply, he stated, "I Relieve you women, so go ahead /nd
gather what you can and feed
The unemployed association at
a meeting held on Monday paoaed
a resolution to the effect that tlio
ohlldren be kept away from school
until relief Is grantod. This policy,
howevor, cnll. for effective organisation and co-operation, and
efforts are being mode to aecure
tbeee essentials.
The secretary has written to the
Manitoba unemployed association
asking for thc latest data regarding the formation of a national organization sf .the unemployed. 81-
multeneouo action and organized
protest! are eagerly sought by the
South Vancouver unemployed, as
tbere are over a thousand families
ln deeperate atralta, and It la feared
that next winter will be even worae
than the one Juat paat.
Commiuioner Oroy wired to Ottawa sn Wedneaday aaking the
Federal Oovernment for apeclal
consideration of the situation - ln
South Vancouver, and lt has been
announced that 880,000 bos bsen
granted to .the municipality so that
work can be ruumed.
The work ot organisation and
consolidation of the unemployed
gou on, however, and the Idle
workera are determined to see to
It that their children eat, South
Vancouver workera havs as their
slogan, "Wher and when do we
eat, and eat we will."
SEATTLE.—Formation st a eecond group of workera to leave
Seattle and the northwest for Ruaela was effected at a meeting of
the Society for Technical Aid to
Ruuia , here recently. Minora,
loggers, machlnlita, farmera and
others are Included In the party,
Judge Says Armed Guards
and Officers Must Not
.-    Go to Meetings
[By Art Shields]
(Federoted Freo* Staff Correspondent)
Somerset, Pa.—In a verbal order
setting a atrlklng precedent ln nonunion mining Holds, Judge John A.
Berkey, Somerset county, declares
that deputy sheriffs and operatora
must stay away, trom meetings of
the minora' union.
The order woo luued at the close
of three daya of evidence in the .application of the Consolidated Coal
Co., a Rockefeller enterprise, whou
Somerset county properties are being shut down, for a permanent Injunction restraining the operations
of the United Mine Workers. Just
after the Judge announced that he
would temporarily continuo the.Injunction till the ten other plaintiff
companies .had been heard,' he rose,
to hla feet and sold:
"I consider thot the most dangerous thing that I have heard today
ls the evidence about tbe presence
of armed guardo and company officiala at the minora' meetings. 1
direct deputy sheriffs and mine operators to atay away from theu
meetinga, and lf they think any,
violation of the Injunction la occurring, thoy ahall uek on attachment
from the court."
Minera' witnesses had related
numerous instances of intimidation
by guards. Sheriff Griffith hod testified that he knew ot no broach of
the peace on the part of the union.
Officials of District No. 8 uy that lf
the Judge's order 18 enforced It will
remove one of the greateat obstacles to the peaceful progress of the
union, for they charge thot armed
guardo come to their meetings for
the  sole purpose of Intimidating
Ont tin. tbe above, till ia the amount yon ara wining to
give to the defenie of The Federationist, and forward tt
along with yonr contribution to the B. 0. Federatlonist,
Ltd., 842 Pender Street West, Vaneonver, B. 0. The money
Will be needed if adequate defense of tha paper is to ba
Previously acknowledged ..i-1l"l30
A Mend  .......?,.   4 B.«*
D Lewis .....*._.-.t i.tl
John McPhee   '  » .8.60 .    81114.86
P. Mytlon 	
M. GuBtavaon ..............
.'„•;..-    s.m
.......       S.I0
The Reparations Question
as a Special Problem
Army  Forces  Are  Increased to Aid Coal
- Operators
"Treason" Trial Brings
Out Facts in West
By Tom Tlppett
(Federated  Press  Correepondent)
Chorlestown, W. Va.—Governor
.torgan, Wut Virginia, hated by
.liners, who regard him aa the
raature of the coal operatora, told
.rom tb. .wltn.ee atand at thl
.reaaon trlol of William Billiard
how he had ordered Inoreaooa ln
tbe armed forces of thi itate to
meet tbe maroh of union mlnen
into Lolas oeunty ln Auguit. Ull.
Thli march baa led ts ohargu of
treason, murder and conspiracy
against union minors, st whom
Billiard le the lint to be trie*
Art Shield!, Federated Preu
Btart correepondent, and Helen
Augur, wbo wis a Federated Preal
corrupond.nt at the time, are
named ao wltnssus ln ths esse.
J. F. Stewart, a miner, who was
the flnt witneu to take the atand,
told the Jury how Mother - Jonea
Provisional Officers Are
Elected to Carry
on Work
(Federated Press Staff . Correepondent).) ... i
SYDNEY, N.' 8.' Walea.—The
One Big Union of Australian
workers, known officially as* the
Australasian Worker^ union,
comes into full operation at the end
of May. ..  J-...,,.,,.
In the meantime the following
provisional -. officers have beep
elected: Oeneral president, Arthur
Blakeley; general secretory, J.
Three of the. largeet organisation, in Australia hav. started the
O. B. U. They are-the Australian
Workers' union, the Goal and
Shale miner*,. an.d the Transport
worken. The membership Is 800,-
000—almost a third of the organlud worken of Australia. Other
unloni are. now taking. ballots.
Tbe object! ot the O. B. U, are
to bind In one organiiation all the
wage, workeri In every, induitry; to
Improve the atandard of living and
reduce working hours; tb abollah
oapitalism and substitute socio!
ownership; to establish ahd maintain labor- nowspapers. and -Jour-
nail; to abolish th* contract system.
Membership inoludes all work-
era In Auetralio with the exception
sf Chin.se, Japanese, Kanakas, Af-
■_____i__eiT- -«h*na:or colored aliens.    Maoris,
preached law and   order   to   thoiAmerloon Negroes, and   luue of
90*0   union   _!»•» .~»»  I_._.  ->____■  I-»   _.— -
By Eugen Vargo.
Thii    ls    token    from    a
pamphlet,     entitled:      "Ths
World Economic Situation and
the Courso of Eoonomlo Pol-'
Icy in the Last Three Ysars,"
whioh is soon to be published >
in Oerman by the Comstuniit
International.        The Bdltor.
"Communism and
Cloth bowed, 11.00 (proceed, from thla edition to to the Famine
Belief Fund fsr Busis)     *
B. C. Federationist) Ltd.
Stt Vender 81 W. Vanoonver, B. 0.
men snd starting riots and that-]
company officials whom they bring
with them do espionage, work, taking the names of men present and
afterwards serving notices on them
The temporary Injunction asked
by the oompany wao granted April
18, and has beon Interpreted liberally by Judge Berkey oo for. He
told the rnln.ro that It would not
Interfere with orderly meeting! not
in the vicinity of company operations, but added that he hod not yet
mode up his mind whethor all af-
forta to persuade nen-unlon men
to unite with the union ahould be
legally roatralned or not
After the evidence in the ten
other caaea lo ln, Judge Berkey will
oet a date for final argument on the
legal technicalities of ths one, and
will render hli decision on policy
at that time.
and Labor assembly, ln considering
a boycott on the Minneapolis bale-
ball team of the American Association, due to the foot that air work
on the park has been done by nonunion labor. Programmes were
alao printed ln a nonunion ahop.
Tbe ohlef otockhold.ro In the local
olub are membors ot tbl Ottlnni'
EUREKA, Col.—O. J. Eaton,
tbe latest I, W. W. member to be
arreeted on a crimiaal lyndloaliim
oharge, la on trial bere now, wltb
conviction practically certain.
"The Inherent tendency towards
the restoration pf the -world.1*
economic equilibrium is ao.**et.ve**?]
much hampered by -the reparation,
burden which Oermany -has- tsj
carry for Continental Surop*_
But no matter how Important this1
problem may be for Germany, w»
must nevertheless emphatically
point out that this is only a sea-.
ondary problem of the grut disturbance In the world s«ononi-S,
equilibrium, and that lti "solution" (lf wi ean admit the possibility of a solution at oil) would
In no way bo synonymous with, the
solution -of the world economic
crisis, ao is believed in Germany.
What namely is' the essence ofthe reparation- problem when ex-:
amtned from our point of view of
the world economic'situation?
Germany Is to make yearly payments of 8,C0*,00*,**t gold marks
out .of Its limited production which
even without ouch payments is
scarcely sufficient for the renewal
of its means of production and
f*r the miserable maintenance of
lta proletariat. Thta "amounts to
about one-tenth of the' national
lncoms of rich-pre-war Germany
whose territory wo* still- Intact.
The Uter*l execution of this' decision would mean:—
1—Thnt in a few yeara Oermany
would be completely ruined. Ita
means of production would all be
uied up. - It* currency would be
abaolutely valueless on the world
market. Soeial struggles of the
moat frightful aort and the appropriation of the insufficient remainder of production would throw
tbe country Into Social Revolution
or back to barbarism.
2—That. the congested World
market which lo incapable of taking up the surplus good* from
the field of over-production, would
become atlll more' hopelessly congested through the gigantic export
of German goods. The literal
carrying out. of (the reparations
would then mean the' Immense
growth of discord In the world
economic situation.       J'
The simplest solution would be
to cancel reparations altogether!
Such a solution could be carried
out, however, lf Germany only bad
to make payments exclusively to
those countries which had a surplus production. We see that
Bngland has gotten used to the
Idea of-not getting another penny
from Germany. The English
statesmen and political economists
clearly see that the saving iot th*
capitalistic - system requires
order of world economy whieh reorders possible the reduction of the
gigantic and danger-brewing; army
of unemployed, But a Germany
driven to a out-throat export snip.
means the perpetuation Of English
But only a very amall portion Of
the reparation payments telle to
the ahare of "rioh" England;-whicb
could and would aolve lta problem
through almple confiscation. Br
the  greater portion  (alls to
France, Belgium, Italy ond'Serbia,
countries which laid great hope*
upon theso payments. Let ua tak*
France foe example. Curing th*
war It proceeded in ita financial
miemanagemont Juat as blindly
as Germany with the cry: "Lea
Bodies patera!" In Franco too,
leaa toxea were pold during the
war than in peace time. And
when "victory" had been won, and
It wao necessary to olect a "national majority," billions were
again waited among the .lectori.
The aotual material ton whloh
Franoe .uttered, and wblch Keynes
estimates at . about 10 bllbons
(which Is probably correct) woo
puffed up to three and tour tlmea
Ita aotuol value, all In the hope of
German payments, and thoae oop-
itolloto ot tho oeouplod territory,
who had* "good conneotlon." w.r«
likewise granted exaggerated oompenutlon. Thue we see Franoe
With a yearly deficit of 80 billion
franca! Evon the full payment of
France'a deurved reparations shore
would nst bring about an? nottoo-
able equilibrium In tb.    ».«,„_
tbudget. Franc* eon therefore not
afford to agree to the simple cancellation of the reparation demands. From the point of view of
government finances, we may aay
that Fronce'o Interests demand
that Germany pay In full. But
Germany is not able to do thla.
And ao for ao it Io able to pay, It
can do so only with a huge export
which on the other hand bring!
Qermany into cut-throat competition with those countrlei which
have a surplus production and Incidentally also with France itself
which through ita annexation of
Alsace-Lorraine, has become sn
exporting oountry of heavy Indus- |Ten» fund,
trial products. The artifices employed by France In Ita hope of
evading this problem, in thot It do.
mands the full payment ot reparations at tbe oame time seeking protection againot the competition of
German gooda behind a high protection tariff, will not work its salvation. The preuure of Gorman
prices - makes itself felt in other
countries, to which Germany dictates'the prlcea of the world market.. Besides, Germany'o obligation to pay reparations In gold
drives the stable exchangee higher,
thua widening the gulf between ths
countriea with sn under-production snd thoss witty a surplus production. We thua as* that with
every attempt to collect reparations, .the world economlo crista ia
only Intensified. But to drop reparation paymenta altogether would
Bimply mean bankruptcy for
The Wetsbaden Agreement lo on
attempt tp overcome theae difficulties. The eoonomlo nature of
this hgreement constats of the
systematic regulation ot goode to
be delivered to Franoe by Germany Instead of an anarchic dumping of goods on ths world markot
The,goods delivered are sosigned
to the reconstruction of France's
devastated regions, which meano
that they are to be consumed outalde. of the regular course of
French economy. Thla would
mean getting good, from Germany
without creating an unbearable
competition for France In the
world market; deliveries.and payments for the reconatructlon of
dwellings, roods, etc., that la tor
private purpoiei, without directly
Increasing the process of production and .the aupply of goode.
The Wiesbaden Agreement would
be favorable to France. But it
atill remains unratified; the private
profit - Intereata ot Influential
French capltaliat groupa are In the
way. Germany would not gain
much by It. Tbe delivery of goodi
on a large scale and of the oome
sort would cheapen produetion.
The payment of its debts directly
'- goods would, relieve Germany
from the took of raising funds for
the payment of reparation Instalments. But-the primary problem
of how Impoverished Germany can
afford to strip Its decreased production of a quantity of goods
amounting.to 8,500,000,00* gold
marks annually remains 'untouched. Indeed, tbe difficulty
would become, atill more Inereaaed
by tho foot that In the noxt few
yean Oermany would bave to deliver more goodi to France than
the latter'! share of reparation
payments would warrant. Germany would thuo moke advance
payments with whloh France would
oredit it. But with the preunt
impoverished oondltlon et Oermany suoh on sxperlment 1* out
bf th* question.   We .must thoro-
80*0 union miner, at Lena Creek,
and that bo far ao he could aee
from three vlslti to the place,
Bliiurd was doing nothing unlawful.
Nine farmers, two sawmill opera'
ton and a merchant compose the
Jury that la trying Wm. Bllsurd,
the flrat union cool miner before
the court
The amended bill of particulars,
demanded by the defense, wos sst-
lofaotory to the minera' eounool.
The new bill names opsoldcally 44
local uniona ln Districts No. 1? and
81, U. M. W. of A., as contributors
to the defense fund, which the indictment alleges financed and made
pouible the "war" upon tbe state
of Wut Virginia,
It names as offlcen of the defense fund Frank Snyder, editor,
Wtst Virginia Federationist, the
state labor paper, and Frod
Mooney, district secretary of tbe
minora, as president and secretary-
treasurer respectively. Tbe bill
further ohargu that Harold W.
Houston was attorney for the de-
Houston lo ehlef coun
eel for the. miners' union in thii
state as well'as their chief ottor
ney In .the treason cases.
It li expected thai the BUooard
caae Wtll at least take three we.kl
and the defense askod the coM
to permit all other defendants
named In the Indictment to return
to their home pending the outcome
of the Billiard case, which will
establish a precedent.
Snyder says the only defense
fund maintained tea for the de-
fenu of men Indicted for various
alleged Crimea In Mingo snd Greenbrier countln.
John L. Lewis, ii .emotional
preaident sf the miners, who Is attending the trial, deolareo:
"The trial ef then Weat Clrglnla
union coal miners In Motoric
Charleatown promises to be one of
the great legale vento In the history of the country. The right of
working men to organise and protect their own Interests lo ths
great luue that lo at otako In
theae cos...
Thousands of mon who are employed In the cool mlnu of southern Weet Virginia bave been denied thlo right by cool operaton
and coal companies to whom proflti
Ih dollara and cento lo the all con
trolling prlnolple.
The United Mine Workon of
America carried to these men the
goopet ot organisation snd It wo*
thlo fact thot caused the ooal com
ponies to bring about the indiot
ment ol hundred! ot the good citlsens of West Virginia, Tbe United
Mine Worken of Amerloa believe
ln law snd order. It Is opposed to
everything that resembles violation
of the low of the land, Tho vaat
majority of the members of the
United Mine Workora in Weit Vlr
ginla <• composed of native sons
of thla atate, descendants from the
pioneer families.
of mixed parentage born In Australasia ore admitted to membership. A olause provides for waiving tbeoe exceptions in special circumstance, by authority of the
annual oonvention.
The unions terming the O. B. U.
will Immediately departmental!!.
their activltlei.
Tb* Munching of the One Big
Union le the moit important happening In tbe Induatrlal hlitory of
Australia. Tbo Auitrallan Worker, Sydney, ls thb official organ.
Specially Reduced
Selling at
$12.95 $16.50
$19.75 $25 $29.50
Navy Serges
Extraordinary valuo; fine
Botany serge; guaranteed
last color; all sizes—
In fine prints, repps and
ginghams; regular values
to $3.50—
C. D, Bruce
Oor. Homer and Hastings
Always look up the Fed. adver-1
tlaera before making purchases.
MADISON, Wis.—The charge
that Governor John J. Blaine "hae
lowered the dignity of the atate by
allowing Kate Bichards O'Hare to
ipeak ln our atate copltol" lo mode
In a petition circulated in Done
county by representatives of the
Committee of 44, tho anti-La Follette Republican organiiation. La
Folette la censured for hla atand
in the world war.
One dollar and fifty centa Is ths
cost for a alx montha aubacrlptlon
to the Federstlotilat.	
fore sdmlt that ths German political . economists wbo stamped
the Wiesbaden Agreement aa
detrimental to Germany wer* In
tba right.
The reparations problem could
be solved only within the sphere of
a general solution of thi disturbed
world economic equilibrium, Svery
attempt at a opeclol solution onto'
aervu to Intensify tlie general,
WBDNESDAY, MAY 10, at 8 p.m.
At 805 Pender Street West
. Fran the depths of brave, frosen Bussia oomes this most
j terrible of cries
Will You Aniwer?
The next two months will be the moot crucial. Every day
8*,»00 die of starvation! Beports coming from Bussia point
pitiful pioturao. Here—tbe dying are eating their dead, there—
mothen are drowning their ohlldren to silence their heart-,
rending cries tor bread. The Russian eteppes are literally
covered with okeletono, the wasted bodies the prey of wolves.
How many more aball die before TOU act?
Wfll Yoa Sign the Roll Call?
ImmenM cargoes of food MUST ba shipped AT ONCE to save
the starving. It the powers-of the world would grant Soviet
Buasia credit and re-establish trade with her, she could help
herself In thla awful criela. Until credit io extended TOU MUST
HELP. Ahd if you hove helped before, then you muat help
again and otlll again! Those who help now will have aided
Soviet Busaia In her DIRBST NEED,
Sign the RoU Call! Give!!
The food your money will buy will carry with It the BOLL
CALL BOOK, In which TOUB name MUST appear. Tour
signature in this book will mark a permanent record of your
true frlendohlp for Soviet Bussia. Deposited in tbe archives of
Soviet BubbIb, the Boll Coll Book will constitute a document
treasured by International labor and lte sympathlsera.
201 West 18th Street, New Tork Oity
Endorsed by the Central Labor Councils of Chicago, Detroit,
Seattle, Taeoma, Toronto, Montreal, Portland, Trenton, Minneapolis, Denver, Ogden, Mansfield, Bichmond, Washington, Hartford, Binghamton, Bockford, San Diego, St. Paul, Belleville,
Brockton, Loo Angeles, and by hundreds of local unlona and
other unlona and other worken' organisations.
Ita officiala ore: Advisory Committee—Wm. Z. Foster, Elmer
T, Allison, Ludwig Lore, Edgar Oweno, Max Eastman, Prof, H,
W, L. Dana, Marguerite Provey, Jay G, Brown, Bose Pastor
Stokes, Hulet M. Wells, Wm. F. Dunn, J, Louie Engdahl, Dennis
B. Batt Alice Biggs Hunt, Capt Poxton HIbben, Charlea Boker,
3. O. Bentall, Robert Minor, Jack Carney, Mary Hooton Voreo,
■Ua Beeve Bleor, Albert Bhyi Wllllomo, Elisabeth a. Flynn.
It il In.your hands whether from Buasia shall como the ory
•f toy ond laughter thlo Spring or the terrible ellince of a
million grave-yards.
Sign upl. Prove your sympathy for Soviet Busaia by helping
to auccor ita otervlng million*! Prove that you itand fsr
"Hanoi Ott"—except to help! For thli greet worken' experiment moy yot moke the dream of all of ua come truel
_    S01 Weit llth Stnet New Tork City
My contribution tor famine relief ln Soviet Ruuia li
*.   which mm _■ herewith enclosed.   Please
insert thli coupon whb any oignatun In tba BOLL CALL
BOOK registering one aa • m«nd ot Soviet Ruuia In tb*
hour ot her greateat need.
Ham*.... ...........-....—..._...—. .—___... .....
Street Addreaa.
■ State.
(B. O. Federatlonist)
Write to the Friendi of Soviet Buasia for a page out of the
Boll Coll Book and aecun algnoturss and contributions In your


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